The Meaning of Romans 16:20 Explained

Romans 16:20

KJV: And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

YLT: and the God of the peace shall bruise the Adversary under your feet quickly; the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen!

Darby: But the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

ASV: And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

What does Romans 16:20 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Satan is behind all evil ultimately, under God"s sovereignty. God desires peace among His people, not the antagonism that some in the church who chose to follow Satan"s spokesmen would create. "Soon" does not imply that Jesus Christ would return soon necessarily. Paul meant that the Roman Christians would frustrate Satan"s work among them soon as they rejected false teachers. His terminology suggests that he had Genesis 3:15 in mind.
Paul"s benediction magnified God"s grace, as does this whole epistle. Usually such a benediction signaled the end of a Pauline letter, but the apostle had more to communicate in this instance. [1]

Context Summary

Romans 16:17-27 - Receive Helpers: Shun Hinderers
Those who cause divisions on obscure points of doctrine are to be avoided, lest they lead us away from the fundamentals. We need to be wise in heavenly wisdom and guileless in regard to evil. The pure, childlike heart is quick to discern the right and wrong, because of the breath that evil leaves on its clear mirror.
In the ease of each believer, however weak and helpless, God is pledged to fulfill to us Genesis 3:15. Not merely will He help us to do it, but He will do it for us. It is a remarkable conjunction; God against the devil and peace bruising.
These postscripts, from Romans 16:17, were probably written by Paul's own hand. See 1 Corinthians 16:21. We are not all, as were Gaius and Erastus, men of note and wealth, but we can all resemble Quartus, "a brother." The mystery or secret with which the Epistle closes refers to the redemption wrought out by Jesus during His earthly ministry, 1 Timothy 3:16. But this was no new thing, as it had been in the mind of God from times eternal, Revelation 13:8 [source]

Chapter Summary: Romans 16

1  Paul wills the brothers to greet many;
17  and advises them to take heed of those which cause dissension and offenses;
21  and after various salutations ends with praise and thanks to God

Greek Commentary for Romans 16:20

Shall bruise [συντριπσει]
Future active of συντριβω — suntribō old verb, to rub together, to crush, to trample underfoot. Blessed promise of final victory over Satan by “the God of peace.” “Shortly” As God counts time. Meanwhile patient loyalty from us. [source]
Shall bruise [συντρίψει]
See on Mark 5:4; see on Luke 9:39. [source]

Reverse Greek Commentary Search for Romans 16:20

Luke 10:19 And over all the power of the enemy [και επι πασαν την δυναμιν του εχτρου]
This is the heart of “the authority” But protection from physical harm is not the main point in this struggle with Satan “the enemy” (Matthew 13:25; Romans 16:20; 1 Peter 5:8). [source]
Romans 15:33 The God of peace [ο τεος της ειρηνης]
One of the characteristics of God that Paul often mentions in benedictions (1 Thessalonians 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; 2 Corinthians 13:11; Philemon 4:9; Romans 16:20). Because of the “amen” here some scholars would make this the close of the Epistle and make chapter 16 a separate Epistle to the Ephesians. But the MSS. are against it. There is nothing strange at all in Paul‘s having so many friends in Rome though he had not yet been there himself. Rome was the centre of the world‘s life as Paul realized (Romans 1:15). All men sooner or later hoped to see Rome. [source]
1 Thessalonians 5:23 The very God of peace [αὐτὸς ὁ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης]
Better, the God of peace himself. God's work is contrasted with human efforts to carry out the preceding injunctions. The phrase God of peace only in Paul and Hebrews. See Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20; Philemon 4:9; Hebrews 13:20. The meaning is, God who is the source and giver of peace. Peace, in the Pauline sense, is not mere calm or tranquillity. It is always conceived as based upon reconciliation with God. God is the God of peace only to those who have ceased to be at war with him, and are at one with him. God's peace is not sentimental but moral. Hence the God of peace is the sanctifier. “Peace” is habitually used, both in the Old and New Testaments, in connection with the messianic salvation. The Messiah himself will be Peace (Micah 5:5). Peace is associated with righteousness as a messianic blessing (Psalm 72:7; Psalm 85:10). Peace, founded in reconciliation with God, is the theme of the gospel (Acts 10:36). The gospel is the gospel of peace (Ephesians 2:17; Ephesians 6:15; Romans 10:15). Christ is the giver of peace (John 14:27; John 16:33). [source]
1 Thessalonians 5:23 The God of peace [ο τεος της ειρηνης]
The God characterized by peace in his nature, who gladly bestows it also. Common phrase (Milligan) at close of Paul‘s Epistles (2 Corinthians 13:11; Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20; Philemon 4:9) and the Lord of peace in 2 Thessalonians 3:6. [source]
1 Thessalonians 5:28 The grace [η χαρις]
Paul prefers this noble word to the customary ερρωστε — errōsthe (Farewell, Be strong). See 2 Thessalonians 3:18 for identical close save added παντων — pantōn (all). A bit shorter form in 1 Corinthians 16:23; Romans 16:20 and still shorter in Colossians 4:18; 1 Timothy 6:21; Titus 3:15; 2 Timothy 4:22. The full Trinitarian benediction we find in 2 Corinthians 13:13.sa120 [source]
1 Timothy 3:14 Shortly [ἐν τάχει]
The adverbial phrase once in Paul, Romans 16:20: only here in Pastorals. Several times in Luke and Acts, and twice in Revelation. [source]
1 Timothy 3:14 Shortly [εν ταχει]
Old idiom (locative case of ταχος — tachos quickness, speed). See note on Romans 16:20. A pseudonymous writer would hardly have put in this phrase. Paul‘s hopes were not to be realized, but he did not know that. [source]
Hebrews 13:20 The God of peace []
Not an O.T. phrase, and found only in Paul and Hebrews. See Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20; 1 Corinthians 14:33; Philemon 4:9, 1 Thessalonians 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 3:16. The phrase signifies God who is the author and giver of peace. [source]

What do the individual words in Romans 16:20 mean?

The now God - of peace will crush - Satan under the feet of you in a short time The grace of the Lord of us Jesus Christ [be] with you
δὲ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης συντρίψει τὸν Σατανᾶν ὑπὸ τοὺς πόδας ὑμῶν ἐν τάχει χάρις τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ ‹Χριστοῦ› μεθ’ ὑμῶν

δὲ  now 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: δέ  
Sense: but, moreover, and, etc.
Θεὸς  God 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: θεός  
Sense: a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities.
τῆς  - 
Parse: Article, Genitive Feminine Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
εἰρήνης  of  peace 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Feminine Singular
Root: εἰρήνη  
Sense: a state of national tranquillity.
συντρίψει  will  crush 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: συντρίβω  
Sense: break, to break in pieces, shiver.
τὸν  - 
Parse: Article, Accusative Masculine Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
Σατανᾶν  Satan 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Singular
Root: Σατανᾶς  
Sense: adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act), the name given to.
ὑπὸ  under 
Parse: Preposition
Root: ὑπό  
Sense: by, under.
πόδας  feet 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: πούς  
Sense: a foot, both of men or beast.
ὑμῶν  of  you 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive 2nd Person Plural
Root: σύ  
Sense: you.
τάχει  a  short  time 
Parse: Noun, Dative Neuter Singular
Root: τάχος  
Sense: quickness, speed.
χάρις  grace 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Feminine Singular
Root: χάρις  
Sense: grace.
τοῦ  of  the 
Parse: Article, Genitive Masculine Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
Κυρίου  Lord 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: κύριος  
Sense: he to whom a person or thing belongs, about which he has power of deciding; master, lord.
ἡμῶν  of  us 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive 1st Person Plural
Root: ἐγώ  
Sense: I, me, my.
Ἰησοῦ  Jesus 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: Ἰησοῦς  
Sense: Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses’ successor.
‹Χριστοῦ›  Christ 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: Χριστός  
Sense: Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God.
μεθ’  [be]  with 
Parse: Preposition
Root: μετά  
Sense: with, after, behind.