What does Satan mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
σατανᾶς adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act) 17
σατανᾶ adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act) 13
הַשָּׂטָ֔ן adversary 5
σατανᾶν adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act) 4
הַשָּׂטָ֖ן adversary 3
הַשָּׂטָ֗ן adversary 3
σατανᾷ adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act) 2
הַשָּׂטָ֤ן adversary 2
הַשָּׂטָ֛ן adversary 2
שָׂטָ֖ן adversary 1
הַשָּׂטָן֙ adversary 1
וְהַשָּׂטָ֛ן adversary 1

Definitions Related to Satan

G4567


   1 adversary (one who opposes another in purpose or act), the name given to.
      1a the prince of evil spirits, the inveterate adversary of God and Christ.
         1a1 he incites apostasy from God and to sin.
         1a2 circumventing men by his wiles.
         1a3 the worshippers of idols are said to be under his control.
         1a4 by his demons he is able to take possession of men and inflict them with diseases.
         1a5 by God’s assistance he is overcome.
         1a6 on Christ’s return from heaven he will be bound with chains for a thousand years, but when the thousand years are finished he will walk the earth in yet greater power, but shortly after will be given over to eternal punishment.
      1b a Satan-like man.
      

H7854


   1 adversary, one who withstands.
      1a adversary (in general—personal or national).
   2 superhuman adversary.
      2a Satan (as noun pr).
      

Frequency of Satan (original languages)

Frequency of Satan (English)

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Satan
SATAN
1. In the OT . The term Satan is Hebrew and means ‘adversary.’ In the earlier usage of the language it is employed in the general sense of ‘adversary,’ personal or national: (cf. e.g. Numbers 22:22 , 2 Samuel 19:22 , 1 Kings 5:4 ; 1 Kings 11:25 etc.). In such passages no trace of a distinct being designated ‘Satan’ is to be seen. Such a being meets us for the first time in the OT in the prologue (chs. 1 and 2) of the Bk. of Job, in the person of one of ‘the sons of God’ who bears the title of ‘the Satan.’ Here Satan appears as a member of the celestial council of angelic beings who have access to the presence of God. His special function is to watch over human affairs and beings with the object of searching out men’s sins and accusing them in the celestial court. He is thus invested with a certain malevolent and malignant character; but it is to be observed that he has no power to act without the Divine permission being first obtained, and cannot, therefore, be regarded as the embodiment of the power that opposes the Deity. In Zechariah 3:2 essentially the same view of ‘the Satan’ is presented. But in 1 Chronicles 21:1 (‘And Satan stood up against Israel, and moved David to number Israel’) the personality of this being is more distinct: he appears now as ‘Satan’ (a proper name without the article), the tempter who is able to provoke David to number Israel. This is the Chronicler’s (4th or 3rd cent. b.c.) reading of the incident which in the earlier narrative ( 2 Samuel 24:1 ) is ascribed to the direct action of God Himself. Here (in Chron.) the work of Satan is apparently conceived of as more or less independent of, and opposed to, the Divine action.
2. In the extra-canonical literature of the OT . In the later (apocryphal) literature of pre-Christian Judaism the dualistic tendency becomes more pronounced a tendency powerfully affected by Persian influence, it would seem, which is also apparent in the development of an elaborate Jewish angelology and demonology. This is most clearly visible in the apocalyptic literature . In the oldest part of the Bk. of Enoch (chs. 1 36), dating, perhaps, from about b.c. 180, the origin of the demons is traced to the fall of the angelic watchers, the ‘sons of God’ who corrupted themselves with the ‘daughters of men’ ( Genesis 6:1 f.). It was from the offspring of these sinful unions the ‘giants’ or nephîlîm that the demons were sprung. Of these demons the Asmodæus of the Bk. of Tobit ( Tob 3:8 ; Tob 3:17 ) seems to have been regarded as the king (Bab. [1] Pes . 110 a ). The name Asmodœus (or in Heb. Ashmedai ) has plausibly been connected with the ancient Persian Aeshma daeva, i.e. ‘the covetous or lustful demon’; in its Hebrew form it suggests the meaning ‘destroyer’ or ‘bringer of destruction,’ and this demon may be intended by ‘the destroyer’ of Wis 18:25 and by the Apollyon (= ‘Destroyer’) of Revelation 9:11 . In the latest part of the Bk. of Enoch, however, the so-called ‘Similitudes’ (chs. xxxvii lxxi), which perhaps dates from about b.c. 64, ‘the fallen watchers’ (and their descendants) are carefully distinguished from the Satans, who apparently belong to ‘a counter kingdom of evil’ which existed before the fall of the watchers recorded in Genesis 6:1 , the latter, in consequence of their fall, becoming subject to the former. Apparently these ‘Satans’ are ruled by a single chief, who is styled ‘Satan’ in one passage (Enoch 54.6). ‘Their functions were threefold: they tempted to evil (69.4, 6); they accused the dwellers upon earth (40.7); they punished the condemned. In this last character they are technically called “angels of punishment” (53.3, 56.1, 62.11, 63.1)’ (Charles).
In the Bk. of Wisdom ( Wis 2:24 : ‘by the envy of the devil death entered into the world’) we already meet with the identification of the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 with Satan, which afterwards became a fixed element in belief, and an allusion to the same idea may be detected in the Psalms of Song of Solomon 4:11 , where the prosperous wicked man is said to be ‘like a serpent, to pervert wisdom, speaking with the words of transgressors.’ The same identification also meets us in the Book of the Secrets of Enoch (? 1st cent. a.d.), where, moreover, satanology shows a rich development (the pride, revolt, and fall of Satan are dwelt upon). Cf. art. Fall.
The secondary Jewish (Rabbinical) Literature which is connected with the text of the OT (esp. the Targums and the Midrashim) naturally reflects beliefs that were current at a later time. But they are obviously connected closely with those that have already been mentioned. The Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 becomes ‘the old serpent’ who seduced Adam and Eve. The chief of the Satans is Sammael, who is often referred to as ‘the angel of death’: and in the Secrets of Enoch he is prince of the demons and a magician. It is interesting to note that in the later Midrash one of the works of Messiah ben-Joseph is the slaying of Sammael, who is ‘the Satan, the prime mover of all evil.’ In the earlier literature his great opponent is the archangel Michael. The Rabbinic doctrine of the ‘evil impulse’ ( yetser ra ’), which works within man like a leaven ( Berak . 17a), looks like a theological refinement, which has sometimes been combined with the popular view of Satan (Satan works his evil purpose by the instrumentality of the ‘evil impulse’).
3. In the NT . In the NT, Satan and his kingdom are frequently referred to. Sometimes the Hebrew name ‘Satan’ is used ( e.g. Mark 3:26 ; Mark 4:15 etc.), sometimes its Greek equivalent ( diabolos: cf. our word ‘diabolical’), which is translated ‘devil,’ and which means ‘accuser’ or ‘calumniator.’ In Matthew 12:26-27 (cf. Matthew 10:25 ) Satan is apparently identified with Beelzebub (or Beelzebul), and is occasionally designated ‘the evil one’ ( Matthew 13:19 ; Matthew 13:38 etc.; so, perhaps, also in the Lord’s Prayer: ‘deliver us from the evil one ’). Some scholars are of opinion that the name Beelzebub means not ‘fly-god’ but ‘enemy’ ( i.e. the enemy of God). He is called the ‘prince of the devils (or demons)’ in Matthew 12:24 , just as Sammael, ‘the great prince in heaven,’ is designated the ‘chief of Satans’ in the Midrash.
The demonology that confronts us in the NT has striking points of contact with that which is developed in the Enochic literature. The main features of the latter, in fact, reappear. The ‘angels which kept not their first estate’ (Judges 1:6 , 2 Peter 2:4 ) are the angelic watchers whose fall through lust is described in Enoch 6 16. Their punishment is to be kept imprisoned in perpetual darkness. In Enoch the demons, who are represented as the evil spirits which went forth from the souls of the giant offspring of the fallen watchers, exercise an evil activity, working moral ruin on the earth till the final judgment. In exactly the same way the demons are described in the NT as disembodied spirits ( Matthew 12:43-45 , Luke 11:24-26 ). The time of their punishment is to be the final judgment (cf. Matthew 8:29 : ‘Art thou come hither to torment us before the time ?’). They belong to and are subject to Satan. As in the Book of Enoch, Satan is represented in the NT as the ruler of a counter-kingdom of evil (cf. Matthew 12:26 , Luke 11:13 ‘if Satan cast out Satan, how shall his kingdom stand?’); he led astray angels ( Revelation 12:4 ) and men ( 2 Corinthians 11:3 ); his functions are to tempt ( Matthew 4:1-12 , Luke 22:31 ), to accuse ( Revelation 12:10 ), and to punish ( 1 Corinthians 5:5 : impenitent sinners delivered over to Satan for destruction of the flesh). It should be added that in the Fourth Gospel and Johannine Epp. the lesser demonic agencies disappear. Opposition is concentrated in the persons of Christ and the devil. The latter is the ruler of this world ( John 16:11 ), and enslaves men to himself through sin. The Son of God is manifested for the express purpose of destroying the devil’s works ( 1 John 3:8 ).
Both in St. Paul (cf. Romans 16:20 , 2 Corinthians 11:2-3 ) and in the Apocalypse Satan is identified with the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 . It is also noteworthy that St. Paul shared the contemporary belief that angelic beings inhabited the higher (heavenly) regions, and that Satan also with his retinue dwelt not beneath the earth, but in the lower atmospheric region; cf. Ephesians 2:2 , where ‘the prince of the power of the air’ = Satan (cf. also Ephesians 6:12 and Luke 10:13 ‘I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven ’). For Satan’s rôle in the Apocalypse see art. Eschatology. Cf. also art. Devil.
4. The attitude of our Lord towards the Satan-belief . Our Lord, as is clearly apparent in the Synoptic tradition, recognized the existence and power of a kingdom of evil, with organized demonic agencies under the control of a supreme personality, Satan or Beelzebub. These demonic agencies are the source of every variety of physical and moral evil. One principal function of the Messiah is to destroy the works of Satan and his subordinates ( Mark 1:24 ; Mark 1:34 ; Mark 3:11-12 ; Mark 3:15 etc.). Maladies traced to demonic possession play a large part in the Synoptic narratives (see Devil, Possession). In the expulsion of demons by His disciples, Jesus sees the overthrow of Satan’s power ( Luke 10:13 ). The evil effected by Satanic agency is intellectual and moral as well as physical ( Mark 4:15 , Matthew 13:19 ; Matthew 13:33 ; cf. 2 Corinthians 4:4 ). That our Lord accepted the reality of such personal agencies of evil cannot seriously be questioned; nor is it necessary to endeavour to explain this fact away. The problem is to some extent a psychological one. Under certain conditions and in certain localities the sense of the presence and potency of evil personalities has been painfully and oppressively felt by more than one modern European, who was not prone to superstition. It is also literally true that the light of the gospel and the power of Christ operate still in such cases to ‘destroy the works of darkness’ and expel the demons.
G. H. Box.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Kingdom of Satan
Satan is represented as having a kingdom (Matthew 12) and power (Acts 26), whose rule is exercised in the souls of those who disobey God. More definitely the kingdom of Satan means the organized forces of the evil spirits under the leadership of Satan, the "Adversary," the devil. By God's permission this kingdom extends over all that is not of heaven, until the struggle between the powers of hell and the kingdom of God on earth, as foretold in the Apocalypse (cf. 12,7-9; cf. 20) shall end with the Last Judgment in the final triumph of Christ and His Saints.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Satan, Synagogue of
Term used in Revelation (1 Chronicles 2:9 ; 1 Chronicles 3:9 ) to describe Jewish worshipers who persecuted the church.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Satan
1: Σατανᾶς (Strong's #4567 — Noun Masculine — satanas — sat-an-as' ) a Greek form derived from the Aramaic (Heb., Satan), "an adversary," is used (a) of an angel of Jehovah in Numbers 22:22 (the first occurrence of the Word in the OT); (b) of men, e.g., 1 Samuel 29:4 ; Psalm 38:20 ; 71:13 ; four in Psalm 109 ; (c) of "Satan," the Devil, some seventeen or eighteen times in the OT; in Zechariah 3:1 , where the name receives its interpretation, "to be (his) adversary," RV (see marg.; AV, "to resist him").
In the NT the word is always used of "Satan," the adversary (a) of God and Christ, e.g., Matthew 4:10 ; 12:26 ; Mark 1:13 ; 3:23,26 ; 4:15 ; Luke 4:8 (in some mss.); 11:18; 22:3; John 13:27 ; (b) of His people, e.g., Luke 22:31 ; Acts 5:3 ; Romans 16:20 ; 1 Corinthians 5:5 ; 7:5 ; 2 Corinthians 2:11 ; 11:14 ; 12:7 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:18 ; 1 Timothy 1:20 ; 5:15 ; Revelation 2:9,13 (twice),24; 3:9; (c) of mankind, Luke 13:16 ; Acts 26:18 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:9 ; Revelation 12:9 ; 20:7 . His doom, sealed at the Cross is foretold in its stages in Luke 10:18 ; Revelation 20:2,10 . Believers are assured of victory over him, Romans 16:20 .
The appellation was given by the Lord to Peter, as a "Satan-like" man, on the occasion when he endeavored to dissuade Him from death, Matthew 16:23 ; Mark 8:33 .
"Satan" is not simply the personification of evil influences in the heart, for he tempted Christ, in whose heart no evil thought could ever have arisen (John 14:30,2 Corinthians 5:21 ; Hebrews 4:15 ); moreover his personality is asserted in both the OT and the NT, and especially in the latter, whereas if the OT language was intended to be figurative, the NT would have made this evident. See DEVIL.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Satan
Adversary; accuser. When used as a proper name, the Hebrew word so rendered has the article "the adversary" (Job 1:6-12 ; 2:1-7 ). In the New Testament it is used as interchangeable with Diabolos, or the devil, and is so used more than thirty times. He is also called "the dragon," "the old serpent" (Revelation 12:9 ; 20:2 ); "the prince of this world" (John 12:31 ; 14:30 ); "the prince of the power of the air" (Ephesians 2:2 ); "the god of this world" (2 Corinthians 4:4 ); "the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience" (Ephesians 2:2 ). The distinct personality of Satan and his activity among men are thus obviously recognized. He tempted our Lord in the wilderness (Matthew 4:1-11 ). He is "Beelzebub, the prince of the devils" (12:24). He is "the constant enemy of God, of Christ, of the divine kingdom, of the followers of Christ, and of all truth; full of falsehood and all malice, and exciting and seducing to evil in every possible way." His power is very great in the world. He is a "roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour" (1 Peter 5:8 ). Men are said to be "taken captive by him" (2 Timothy 2:26 ). Christians are warned against his "devices" (2 Corinthians 2:11 ), and called on to "resist" him (James 4:7 ). Christ redeems his people from "him that had the power of death, that is, the devil" (Hebrews 2:14 ). Satan has the "power of death," not as lord, but simply as executioner.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Satan
Among the angelic spirits of the unseen world there are those that are evil, though the Bible nowhere records how they fell into such a condition. The chief of these evil angelic spirits is one known as the adversary – the adversary of God, his people, and all that is good. The Hebrew word for ‘adversary’ is satan, which later became the name used in the Bible for this leader of evil (Job 1:6). He is also called the devil (Matthew 4:1-12; 1 John 3:8; Revelation 12:9), the prince of demons (Matthew 9:34; Matthew 12:24; see also BEELZEBUL), the prince of this world (John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11), the god of this world (2 Corinthians 4:4), the prince of the power of the air (Revelation 20:7-87), the evil one (Matthew 13:19; Ephesians 6:16; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 3:12) and the accuser of the brethren (Revelation 12:10; cf. Job 1:6-12; Zechariah 3:1).
God’s rebellious servant
We should not think that Satan is in some way the equal of God, one being a good God and the other an evil God. God alone is God (Isaiah 44:6). Satan is no more than an angelic being created by God. There are good angels and evil angels, Satan being chief of the evil ones (Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:41; Ephesians 6:12; Judges 1:9; Revelation 12:7-9; see ANGELS; DEMONS). God, however, is above all and over all.
Also there are not, as it were, two kingdoms, a kingdom of good where God is absolute ruler and a kingdom of evil where Satan is absolute ruler. Satan is not a sovereign ruler but a rebel. Like all created beings, he is under the rule and authority of God and he can do his evil work only within the limits God allows (Job 1:12; Job 2:6; cf. Revelation 20:2-3; 1618451854_16). He is still the servant of God, even though a rebellious one (Job 1:6-7; Job 2:1-2; Zechariah 3:1-2). In spite of the evil he loves to do, he is still fulfilling God’s purposes, even though unwillingly (Job 1:9-12; 1 Kings 22:19-23; cf. John 13:2; John 13:27; Acts 2:23; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 12:7; 1 Timothy 1:20).
This does not mean that God tempts people to do evil. It is Satan, not God, who is the tempter (Genesis 3:1-6; 1 Chronicles 21:1; Matthew 4:1-11; 1 Corinthians 7:5; James 1:13). God desires rather to save people from evil (Matthew 6:13; 1 Corinthians 10:13). Yet God allows them to suffer the troubles and temptations that Satan brings in life, for through such things he tests and strengthens their faith (James 1:2-3; James 1:12; cf. Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 5:8-9; see TEMPTATION; TESTING).
Satan is hostile to God and fights against God’s purposes (Matthew 4:1-12; Mark 8:31-33). But in the long run Satan cannot be successful, because Jesus Christ, by his life, death and resurrection, has conquered him and delivered believers from his power (Matthew 12:28-29; Luke 10:18; John 12:31; John 16:11; Acts 26:18; Colossians 2:15; Hebrews 2:14-15; 1 John 3:8). (Concerning Jesus Christ’s conquest of Satan see KINGDOM OF GOD.)
Enemy of the human race
Although Jesus has conquered Satan, the world at present sees neither Jesus’ conquest nor Satan’s defeat. God allows evil angels to continue to exist just as he allows evil people. He has condemned them but not yet destroyed them. The world will see Jesus’ conquest and Satan’s defeat in the great events at the end of the age, when Christ returns in power and glory (Revelation 20:10).
In the meantime Satan continues to operate (Matthew 13:24-26; Matthew 13:37-39). He opposes all that is good and encourages all that is evil. At times he works with brutality and ferocity (1 Peter 5:8; Revelation 2:10), at other times with cunning and deceit (2 Corinthians 2:11; 2 Corinthians 11:14; 1 Timothy 3:7). He works not only through people who are obviously evil (Acts 13:8-10; Ephesians 2:1-3; 1 John 3:10; 1 John 3:12; Revelation 2:13), but also through those who appear to be good (Mark 8:33; John 8:44; Acts 5:3; Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9).
Satan causes people physical suffering through disease (Luke 13:16; 2 Corinthians 12:7; see DISEASE), and evil spirits (Mark 3:20-27; Mark 7:25; Acts 10:38; see MAGIC; UNCLEAN SPIRITS). He brings mental and spiritual suffering through the cunning of his deceit and temptations (1 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10 : 2 Timothy 2:24-26). Above all, he wants to prevent people from understanding and believing the gospel (Matthew 13:19; 2 Corinthians 4:4).
Christians, because they have declared themselves on the side of God, may at times experience Satan’s attacks more than others. They have a constant battle against Satan, but they do not fight entirely by their own strength. Certainly, they must make every effort to resist Satan and avoid doing those things that will give Satan an opportunity to tempt them (Ephesians 4:27; James 4:7), but God gives Christians the necessary armour to withstand Satan’s attacks (Ephesians 6:11-13).
Just as Satan opposed Jesus in his ministry, so he will oppose Jesus’ followers in their ministry (John 8:42-44; Acts 13:10; 1 Thessalonians 2:18). But through the victory of Jesus, they too can have victory (Luke 10:17-18; Luke 22:31-32; Revelation 12:10-11).
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Satan
Is a Hebrew word, and signifies an adversary, or enemy, and is commonly applied in Scripture to the devil, or the chief of the fallen angels. "By collecting the passages, " says Cruden, "where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be observed, that he fell from heaven with all his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that, by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils, came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over his subordinates, over apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets, seducers, and heretics; that it is he, or some of his, that torment or possess men; that inspire them with evil designs, as he did David, when he suggested to him to number his people; to Judas, to betray his Lord and Master; and to Ananias and Sapphira, to conceal the price of their field. That he roves full of rage like a roaring lion, to tempt, to betray, to destroy, and to involve us in guilt and wickedness; that his power and malice are restrained within certain limits, and controlled by the will of God. In a word, that he is an enemy to God and man, and uses his utmost endeavours to rob God of his glory, and men of their souls."
See articles ANGEL, DEVIL, TEMPTATION. More particularly as to the temptations of Satan.
1. "He adapts them to our temper and circumstances.
2. He chooses the fittest season to tempt: as youth, age, poverty, prosperity, public devotion, after happy manifestations; or when in a bad frame; after some signal source; when alone, or in the presence of the object; when unemployed and off our guard; in death.
3. He puts on the mask of religious friendship, 2 Corinthians 11:14 . Matthew 4:6 . Luke 9:50 . Genesis 3:1-24 :
4. He manages temptation with the greatest subtlety. He asks but little at first; leaves for a season in order to renew his attack.
5. He leads men to sin with a hope of speedy repentance.
6. He raises suitable instruments, bad habits, relations, Genesis 3:1-24 : Job 2:9-10 .
See Gilpin on Temptation; Brooks on Satan's Devices; Bishop Porteus's Sermons, vol. 2: p. 63; Burgh's Crito. vol. 1: ess. 3; vol. 2: ess. 4; Howe's Works, vol. 2: p. 360; Gurnall's Christian Armour.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic
The personal dimension of that which opposes God's purposes in His world. For some people, belief in a personal Satan is part of mankind's nursery furniture. The concept of a personal Satan, however, has remained a part of evangelical thought. The present-day Christian who accepts the biblical teaching concerning Satan is not committed to all of the crude imagery that has sprung up around belief in Satan. In the light of medieval and modern distortions, a careful consideration of the biblical teaching concerning Satan is especially needed.
Old Testament Teaching A fully defined doctrine of Satan is not fund in the Bible until New Testament times. A number of reasons have been suggested for the relatively limited material on Satan in the Old Testament.
God began His self-revelation in the ancient world of polytheism (belief in many gods). God wanted to lead His people to a dynamic practical monotheism (the belief in and worship of one God). In the Old Testament a primary emphasis is placed on the supremacy of and the power of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who delivered the Hebrews from the slavery of Egypt.
Satan, the chief of the fallen angels, is mentioned in a number of places in the Old Testament. It is clear that from the very moment of the creation of this world that Satan and fallen angels were on the scene, rebels against God. Satan was evidently perfect in his original state. Pride seems to have been the cause of his fall. Disguised as a serpent, he was the agent of temptation for the first man and woman (Genesis 3:10 ; Revelation 12:9 ; Revelation 20:2 ). When Satan does appear in the Old Testament he is always the adversary of God's people. He seeks to lead God's people into presumption (1 Chronicles 21:1 ) or slanders them to God's face (Zechariah 3:1 ).
The most extensive Old Testament discussion of Satan is in Job. Here he is seen as God's agent and minister, who tested human fidelity. He makes a wager with God using Job as the stake. He acts, however, with the express permission of God and keeps within the limits which God has fixed for him (Job 1:12 ; Job 2:6 ).
New Testament Teaching By the time the New Testament book were written, God had led their authors to a clear-cut doctrine of Satan. This doctrine located an origin of evil in Satan. This recognizes the reality of evil outside and beyond the scope of human will. The New Testament avoids identifying evil with the direct will of God and keeps it always and finally subordinate to God.
Matthew, Mark, and Luke clearly accept and teach a doctrine of a personal Satan and his agents called fallen angels or demons (Mark 3:22 ). Matthew 4:1 tells of Jesus being tempted by the devil in the wilderness. In Matthew 25:41 even hell is described as being prepared for the devil and his angels. Satan and demons are seen as able to inflict disease ( Matthew 17:5-18 ; Luke 13:16 ). Satan possessed Judas (Luke 22:3 ). John saw Satan as the prince of this world (John 12:31 ; John 14:30 ; John 16:11 ) with the whole world in his power (1 John 5:19 ).
The apostle Paul's world view teaches that Satan is the god of this age. The cosmos or unredeemed world is at present under Satan's power. Satan is now the “commander of the spiritual powers of the air” (Ephesians 2:2 REB) and leads “the superhuman forces of evil in the heavenly realms” ( Ephesians 6:12 REB).
The general New Testament Epistles describe Satan's activities graphically. 2 Peter 2:4 speaks of the “angels that sinned” and Jude 1:6 of the “angels which kept not their first estate.” The constant use of violence and deceit by Satan requires that believers manifest courage and extreme vigilance ( James 4:7 ; 1 Peter 5:8-9 ).
The book of Revelation sees Satan's activities as involving not only individuals but communities. Political forces can become servants of the devil (Revelation 12:1 ; Revelation 13:1 ). Revelation 2:13 even speaks of a throne of Satan.
It should be remembered that the New Testament teaches that Satan and his demonic allies are not coequal with God. He is a created being who has rebelled and can tempt—but not force. The main concern of the Bible is not with the devil but with God and the gospel of His grace. Satan and the demonic forces have been overcome by the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The New Testament never allows complete pessimism. In the end Satan and his angels will be completely overcome. In fact, Jesus came into the world to “destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8 ). The cross was a decisive victory over Satan and Satan's host (Colossians 2:15 ). This victory insured that countless numbers would be delivered from the dominion of darkness and transferred to the kingdom of Christ (Colossians 1:13 ).
Limitations of Satan Today, people continue to concretize their fears. They want a scapegoat to deliver them from responsibility. Satan is a created, rebellious and tempting evil power active in the universe, but his powerful existence does not exclude a person from responsibility. Satan and the demonic forces cannot dominate or possess us except by our own consent. Believers will not be tempted beyond our power of resistance (1 Corinthians 10:13 ). The power of Satan is limited. He acts within the limits set by divine sovereignty. The believer has God's armor—the biblical gospel, integrity, peace through Christ, faith in Christ, prayer—as spiritual security (Ephesians 6:11-18 ).
The recent fascination with Satan and demons is in reaction to an earlier disbelief. Christians should beware of excessive gullibility as well as extreme oversimplification. Knowledge about Satan and evil angels alerts Christians to the danger and subtlety of satanic temptation. We should not become too absorbed in satanic forces. Satan and demonic forces are active, but they are limited. We must remember that the main thrust of Christianity is on the availability of God's power and love in Jesus Christ and the Spirit.
John P. Newport
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Satan (2)
SATAN.—1. The word ‘Satan’ (שָׂטָן, Σατανᾶς), which in the NT is invariably used as a proper name denoting the arch-enemy of God and man, occurs in the Hebrew of the OT originally as a synonym of the common words for ‘adversary,’ as the verb שָׂטֵן is used simply in the sense of withstanding, taking the opposite side. In this sense it is used in Numbers 22:22 even of the angel of the Lord, who is said to go forth to be a Satan to Balaam. In other passages it is applied, with no sinister meaning, to David, who, as the Philistines feared, might desert Achish and turn against them in battle (1 Samuel 29:4); to Abishai when he opposed David’s purpose of clemency towards Shimei (2 Samuel 19:22); and again to a foreign enemy in general (1 Kings 5:4); and to Hadad and Rezon in connexion with their revolt against Solomon (1 Kings 11:14; 1 Kings 11:23; 1 Kings 11:25). Elsewhere, as in the Book of Ps. (109:6), in the first two chapters of the Book of Job and in Zechariah 3 it is used in a technical or legal sense as the equivalent of ἀντίδικος, an opponent in law, an advocate, whose function it is to plead for the condemnation of an accused person. In Job 2:3 Jehovah taxes ‘the Satan’ with over-officious zeal in his efforts to test the motives of the righteous man whom he is permitted to accuse; and again in Zechariah 3:2 He distinctly rebukes him for pressing his charge against Joshua. But notwithstanding such suggestions that an evil spirit, a malicious accuser, is described (like the Satan, the accuser of the brethren, διάβολος, κατήγορος of the NT), there is no explicit indication that this is the case. The being thus described as ‘the Satan’ or the Adversary appears in Zechariah as an official accuser, and in the Book of Job he takes his place among ‘the sons of God’ in the court of heaven as one having a right to be there, and that in connexion with the function attributed to him of ‘going to and fro upon the earth,’ and ‘considering’ and reporting upon the conduct of the sons of men. He is recognized as a minister of the Divine justice, although God does tax him with overdoing his part. All that appears to be indicated there is the thought that there is in the Court of God one whose office it is to plead for the condemnation of sinners. Of a malignant enemy of God and His cause, a personal spirit of evil called Satan, there is no express mention in the OT. The temptation of our first parents is ascribed in Genesis to ‘the serpent,’ and no interpretation is offered of the symbolism of the story. Again, though in one passage in Chronicles (1 Chronicles 21:1) we read that Satan tempted David to number the people—a presumptuous offence for which the king was severely punished—the parallel passage (2 Samuel 24:1), much the older narrative, attributes David’s conduct to trial at the hands of God, not to the temptation of the Evil One. Similarly the deception of the ‘lying spirit’ who lured Ahab to his destruction (1 Kings 22:19-23) is said to have had the express sanction of God. Altogether it is one of the most noteworthy features of the theology of the OT, that so little reference is made to Satan as the great adversary of God and His people, or as the malignant tempter and accuser of man. The Satan of the Book of Job and of the prophecies of Zechariah is described in language very different from that in which the arch-enemy is spoken of in the NT.
This fact, together with the circumstance that references to Satan as an accuser of mankind occur only in those books of the OT which belong to a comparatively late period, has been taken as a proof of the theory that the Jewish belief in Satanic agency was introduced into the Hebrew theology from a foreign source. Traces appear elsewhere of early beliefs current among the Hebrews in the existence of demons, satyrs, liliths, and the like, as in the use of the name ‘Azazel,’ a mysterious being mentioned in the Pentateuch in connexion with the ordinance of the scapegoat (Leviticus 16). It has been supposed that upon those popular beliefs of early Semitie religion there was grafted, from Persian sources, the conception of a Prince of Darkness whose agency is similar to that which, in the religion of Zoroaster, is ascribed to the demon-god Ahriman, and that the belief in Satan and his angels as fallen spirits was thus introduced into Hebrew theology. But, as a matter of fact, the connexion between Satan and the Zoroastrian Ahriman is more apparent than real. A simpler explanation of the history of the doctrine of the personality and agency of Satan is that it has been the subject of development under the influence of a progressive revelation. The complete revelation of such a being as the malignant author of evil was reserved for the time when, with the advent of Christ’s Kingdom, the minds of God’s people were prepared, without risk of idolatry, or of the mischievous dualism of such a religion as that of Zoroaster, to recognize in the serpent of Eden and in the Satan who appeared as the adversary of Job and of Joshua, the great Adversary of God and man, whose power is to be feared and his temptations resolutely resisted, but from whose dark dominion the Son of God had come to deliver mankind.
2. If the OT is remarkable for its reticence on this subject, we find in the NT the doctrine of Satanic agency very fully developed. It meets us on the threshold. It is one of the most conspicuous elements of NT teaching. Jesus and His disciples distinctly assume the reality of Satan and his kingdom as a mighty power for evil, opposed to the Kingdom of God in the world and in the hearts of men. This is nowhere more noticeable than in the Gospels, and there in the direct teaching of our Lord. At the outset of the Gospel narrative Satan appears as the antagonist of Christ. The story of the Temptation, which must have been communicated to the disciples from the lips of Jesus Himself, is related by the three Synoptists. St. Mark (Mark 1:13) informs us that Jesus was forty days tempted of Satan, using that word or title as a proper name. St. Matthew (ch. 4) and St. Luke (ch. 4), who relate the incident with clear circumstantiality of detail, note three distinct temptations, in which they quote the arguments used by the Tempter and the answers returned by Jesus. They describe the Tempter as ὁ διάβολος, ‘the devil,’ using the recognized word for betrayer or malicious accuser. According to St. Matthew’s account, Jesus addresses him as ‘Satan.’ St. Luke concludes the narrative with the significant words, ‘When the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season,’ as if to indicate that the conflict with Satan was renewed and continued throughout our Lord’s ministry. St. Matthew tells us that when the devil left Him, angels came and ministered unto Him. Thus the Synoptic Gospels distinctly describe the source of the temptation as the direct suggestions of a person, and that one who is variously called Satan and ‘the devil.’
Again, these same Gospels, as also the Acts of the Apostles, take notice of Christ’s works of healing, and especially of those wrought upon persons possessed with demons, as illustrating the nature of His mission, which was to heal ‘all that were oppressed of the devil’ (Acts 10:38). St. Luke (Luke 22:3) no less clearly than St. John (John 13:2) informs us that Satan entered the heart of Judas and prompted him to betray his Lord.
In the recorded utterances of Jesus, in His express teaching, allusions are clearly made to the power and activity of Satan as a personal being, and the great Adversary of God and man. He attributes the trouble of the woman who had the spirit of infirmity to the malign power of Satan to afflict even the bodies of men (Luke 13:16). Thus, so far from discouraging the popular belief which ascribed to Satan and his angels power over soul and body, Jesus distinctly acknowledged it. Accused by the Pharisees, representatives of those to whose speculations in angelology and demonology that popular belief has been traced, of casting out demons through Beelzebub the prince of demons, Jesus, so far from controverting or throwing doubt upon the current opinions of the time, repels the charge by the argument that if Satan should cast out Satan, he would only be defeating his own ends and destroying his own work. Then He proceeds to say, ‘But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you’ (Matthew 12:28, cf. Luke 11:20), illustrating His argument by the similitude of the strong man and the Stronger than he, implying that Satan is the strong man who would enslave mankind, but that Jesus Himself is the Stronger than he, who has appeared for the deliverance of the victims of Satanic power. That Jesus should thus have argued in controversy with the Pharisees has its own significance. We cannot explain it away on the principle of accommodation. Jesus could and did rebuke the spirit of Pharisaic traditionalism which led them to introduce all manner of mischievous subtleties, making void the Law by their unauthorized traditions, but never once did He even cast suspicion upon this part of the doctrine of the Pharisees. He accepted it without question.
Again, when the Seventy expressed their joy at the success of their mission, and exclaimed, ‘Lord, even the demons are subject unto us,’ Jesus replied, ‘I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven,’ and went on to say, ‘Behold, I give you power to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy’ (Luke 10:17-19). Passing over such passages as those in the Sermon on the Mount, ‘Whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil’ or ‘the evil one’ (Matthew 5:37); ‘Deliver us from evil’ or ‘the evil one’ (Matthew 6:13), which have been explained, and even, as in the Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 , translated as referring to the personal Author of Evil, we find Jesus in His discourses and in warnings addressed to His disciples making distinct allusion to Satan as the great adversary whom they have cause to fear. In the parables of the Sower and the Tares, the Evil One, variously termed ‘the devil,’ ‘Satan,’ ‘the enemy,’ ‘the wicked one,’ is described as seeking to frustrate the work of Christ by catching away the good seed sown in the heart (Matthew 13:19, Mark 4:15, Luke 8:12); or by sowing tares among the wheat (Matthew 13:38-39), the tares denoting the children of ‘the wicked one’ as the enemy that sowed them is ‘the devil.’ Here we see clearly illustrated the New Testament doctrine of the irreconcilable antagonism between the Kingdom of Christ and that of Satan.
Again, Jesus warns Peter on one occasion that Satan has asked and obtained the Divine permission to sift the disciples as wheat; and indicates that their only hope lies in the intercession of Christ Himself, who has prayed for Simon that his ‘faith fail not’ (Luke 22:31).
Once more, in Christ’s discourse on the Last Judgment, it is expressly stated that the everlasting punishment to which the unfaithful are condemned was ‘prepared for the devil and his angels’ (Matthew 25:41), a passage which well illustrates the manner in which, in the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus is consistently represented as alluding to Satan and his power and kingdom. That is, that the doctrine is not so much set forth by way of dogmatic statement as assumed, taken for granted. Jesus does not enlarge upon it, but quictly accepts it, presupposes it as a matter about which there is no dispute. The belief is there, and Jesus sets upon it the seal of His authority.
To these examples from the Synoptic Gospels must be added the very emphatic testimony of the discourses of Christ according to the Fourth Gospel. The darkness under whose dominion, according to the introductory verses, the world is held, the dead weight, the vis inertiae of human insensibility to the Divine light, is no negative thing, but itself a power, a kingdom in deadly opposition to the Kingdom of Christ, and under the rule of Satan. Jesus directly attributes the opposition of His antagonists to the malice of the devil. So He says to the Jews, ‘Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do’ (John 8:44). The false accusations of Scribe and Pharisee, and the untiring malignity of their persecuting zeal, show the spirit and are the work of him who was a liar and a murderer from the beginning. Again, He speaks of Satan as the Prince of this world, and represents as the aim and the certain result of His own work, the judgment and the easting out of Satan and his kingdom (John 12:31; cf. John 14:30, John 16:11).
3. The other portions of the NT confirm but do not materially add to the testimony of the Gospels on the subject of the personality and the power of the Evil One. Thus St. James (James 4:7) merely counsels his readers to resist the devil, assuring them that he will flee from them; while in another passage (James 2:19) he speaks of ‘the demons’ (τὰ δαιμόνια), evidently meaning by the term the subordinate agents of Satanic power, as believing that there is one God—a belief which fills them with terror. St. Peter assures us that Satan, whom he describes as ἀντίδικος (‘adversary,’ a technical or official word), and compares to a roaring lion, may be successfully resisted by the power of steadfast faith (1 Peter 5:8-9). St. John in his First Epistle repeats the teaching of his Gospel, and in the Apocalypse identifies Satan with the serpent of Eden, and seemingly also with the accuser of Job and of Joshua (Revelation 12:9-10), and foretells his coming doom. St. Paul accepts the current doctrine; but though in his Epistles to the Ephesians and Colossians he seems to add to the teaching of Christ in the Gospels other elements from the demonology of the Pharisaic schools and from other sources (Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 6:11, Colossians 2:15), and in his Epistles to the Corinthians and to Timothy (1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Timothy 1:20) ascribes to Satan a certain power of discipline as a minister of Divine judgment, really contributes to this branch of Christian doctrine no essential element additional to that which is furnished in the Gospels. See, further, articles Accommodation and Demon.
Literature.—Cremer, Bibl.-Theol. Lexicon, s.v.; Commentaries of Meyer, Alford, etc.; Cheyne, The Origin of the Psalter, pp. 159, 270 ff., 281; A. B. Davidson, The Book of Job (Cambridge Bible), pp. 7–13, alao Theol. of OT, p. 300 ff.; Schmid, Bibl. Theol. of NT, p. 187; Beyschlag, NT Theol. 7 p. 93; Reuss, Christian Theol. of the Apostolic Age, i. pp. 162, 420; Wernle, The Beginnings of Christianity, p. 47; Gfrörer, Das Jahrhundert des Heils, p. 368; Wright, Zechariah and his Prophecies, p. 46 ff.; art. ‘Satan’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (Whitehouse), and in the Encyc. Bibl. (G. B. Gray and J. Massie); art. ‘Teufel’ in PRE [1] 3 [2] (A. Wünsche); H. J. Holtzmann, Lehrb. d. neutest. Theol. i. pp. 53, 226.
H. H. Currie.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Satan
See Devil.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Satan
(ssay' tuhn) Transliteration of Hebrew word meaning, “adversary.” The Hebrew term appears in Numbers 22:22 ,Numbers 22:22,22:32 ; 1 Samuel 29:4 ; 2 Samuel 19:22 ; 1 Kings 5:4 ; 1Kings 11:14,1Kings 11:23,1 Kings 11:25 ; Psalm 109:6 , normally translated in English as adversary or accuser. In Job 1-2 ; Zechariah 3:2 ; and 1 Chronicles 21:1 the same term is translated as a proper name. See Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic .
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Satan
The Hebrew word satan [ 1 Samuel 29:4 ), Rezon of Damascus (1 Kings 11:23,25 ), and the angel of the Lord (Numbers 22:22,32 ).
In the Old Testament, then, Satan is not an evil principle opposing God. In Job "the Satan" is not God's adversary, but Job's. He Acts as one of God's subordinates/courtiers to follow his directives. (This view is premised on the idea that there is a difference in this being while he is still in heaven, rather than being cast out and being assigned to the realm of earth.) He does not seem, at this point, to be an adversary of all humans, but rather, of selected people. In Zechariah 3:1 , he is a potential accuser; in 1 Chronicles 21:1 , one inciting David to evil. Within the Job narrative, Satan Acts at God's directive. While 1:12; 2:6-7 point to Satan's causal role in Job's life, later texts like 6:4; 7:14; 9:17 appear to lay blame on God. Thus Satan carries out divine directives.
Not Job's piety, but the connection between his piety and his prosperity was what Satan was questioning. (This is one of the "wisdom" themes of the Old Testament.) He implied that Job's piety was based on self-interest. The tests that followed were meant to demonstrate what that relation was.
"Satan" occurs thirty-six times in the New Testament, eighteen of that number in the Gospels and Acts. The Greek term satanas [ Mark 1:13 ). In the famous "Beelzebub controversy" Jesus made clear his intention to drive Satan out of people's lives and to destroy his sovereignty (Matthew 12:26 ; Mark 3:23,26 ; Luke 11:18 ). He liberated a woman "whom Satan (had ) kept bound for eighteen long years" (Luke 13:16 ). Paul spoke of his being sent to turn people "from the power of Satan to God" (Acts 26:18 ), and that the works of the "lawless one (were) in accordance with the work of Satan, " in doing sham miracles, signs, and wonders (2 Thessalonians 2:9 ). Christ will come, he wrote, to overthrow that agent of Satan.
While the activity of Satan is carried out in "the world" (i.e., among those who do not acknowledge Christ as Lord), he also works against the followers of Christ. He influenced Peter's thinking about Jesus to the extent that Jesus said to his disciple, "Get behind me, Satan!" (Matthew 16:23 ). He asked for all the disciples in order to severely test them (Luke 22:31 ). He "entered" Judas Iscariot (Luke 22:3 ), and "filled the heart" of Ananias (Acts 5:3 ). Believers can be tempted by Satan due to a lack of self-control in sexual matters (1 Corinthians 7:5 ), and he can even masquerade as "an angle of light" to accomplish his purposes (2 Corinthians 11:14 ). He tormented Paul by means of "a thorn in (his ) flesh" (2 Corinthians 12:7 ). Some people even turn away from their faith to follow Satan (1 Timothy 5:15 ).
Satan opposes the proclamation of the gospel, snatching away the seed (the word ) that was sown in people's hearts (Mark 4:15 ; Luke 8:12 ). He also "stopped" Paul from traveling to Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 2:18 ).
Satan is regarded in the New Testament as "master of death and destruction, " who carries out God's wrath against sinners. Twice we read of persons "handed over to Satan" for spiritual discipline by the church (1 Corinthians 5:1-5 ; 1 Timothy 1:19-20 ). This appears to mean that excommunication puts people out into Satan's realm, a sovereignty from which believers have been rescued (Colossians 1:13 ; cf. Hebrews 2:14-15 ). In other cases, Satan attacked the disciples of Jesus by "sifting" them (Luke 22:31 ), a figure that is enigmatic. It may have meant to test their faith (with the intent of destroying it), or, it may have meant "to separate off the rubbish" (I. H. Marshall). In any case, Satan was up to no good. He was able to "enter" Judas Iscariot (Luke 22:3 ; cf. John 13:27 ), resulting in that disciple becoming a betrayer of his Master. Peter's sifting may have brought about his threefold denial of Jesus.
The nascent church in Jerusalem felt the brunt of Satan's attacks. He "filled" Ananias' heart and he lied to the Holy Spirit (Acts 5:3 ), resulting in his sudden demise. The believers in Smyrna felt the sting of persecution (Revelation 2:9-10 ). The nations of earth in John's vision were deceived by him (Revelation 20:7-8 ).
Jesus spoke of seeing Satan "fall like lightning from heaven" (Luke 10:18 ), a fall not identified but spoken of within the context of demons being cast out—a sign of Satan's loss of authority. In Revelation, amid a war in heaven, Satan was "hurled to the earth" along with his angels/demons (12:9). He, the Accuser, was overcome by One stronger than he. Finally, he is bound, imprisoned in the abyss for one thousand years, then ultimately banished in the fiery lake to suffer eternal torment (20:1-3,10; cf. Matthew 25:41 ).
The other common appellation for Satan in the New Testament is "the devil" (diabolos [1]), not found in the Old Testament, but thirty-four times here, meaning one who is traducer, a slanderer. The word often translates satan [2] in the Septuagint (either as "the satan" or an "adversary"). In the New Testament the "devil" becomes "an evil principle/being standing against God."
In the New Testament the word appears to be used interchangeably with "Satan." Mark refers to "Satan" five times, but never uses "devil." Matthew has three of the former, but six of the latter. The Fourth Gospel has one instance of "Satan" (with none in the Epistles of John), while the "devil" (as Satan) occurs twice in the Gospel and three times in the Epistles.
Jesus would drive out "the prince of this world" by his cross (John 12:31 ); the latter would have no hold on Christ, for he was without sin (14:30); and Satan stood condemned at the bar of God's judgment (16:11). While the devil has had a career of sinning "from the beginning, " the Son of God came to destroy his wicked works (1 John 3:8 ). Those unable to hear and receive Jesus' words belong to the devil, who is their "father" (John 8:44 )they share a family likeness to him.
Believers need to exercise care about anger, so as "not to give the devil a foothold" (Ephesians 4:26 ). They are to don God's full armor so as to stand against the devil's schemes. With the shield of faith they are to thwart his "flaming arrows" (Ephesians 6:11,16 ). Ultimate victory comes by "the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, " as the devil is cast down from heaven to the earth (Revelation 12:11 ).
Walter M. Dunnett
See also Demon ; Evil ; Sin
Bibliography . H. Bietenhard, NIDNTT , 3:468-72; O. Bocher, EDNT, 1:297-98; D. J. A. Clines, Job 1-20 ; W. Foerster, TDNT, 2:1-20; E. Lanyton, Satan, A Portrait ; D. W. Pentecost, Your Adversary, The Devil ; G. von Rad, Old Testament Theology .
Charles Spurgeon's Illustration Collection - Prayer: Its Power Against Satan
There is a huge rock upon the Swiss side of the St. Gothard road, about which an old legend is told by the natives of the neighboring village. The. devil was whisking this enormous stone along very merrily at early dawn of day, when he was met by a devout old woman, who being somewhat alarmed, uttered a prayer at the sight of the unexpected traveller. Such was the power of her prayer, that the demon dropped his burden at once, and there it lies, an indisputable proof that the devil IS no match for old ladies who know how to invoke the aid of heaven. Mother Church has sanctioned many a worse legend than this, for a truthful moral lies upon the surface. Let interceding believers make the fiend tremble always, by praying without ceasing. The weakest saint upon his knees is victorious over all the powers of hell.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Satan
One of the names of the devil; and as all the names of this apostate spirit have special signification beside that of identifying his person, we may consider this of Satan as implying that horrid part of his character, the adversary and accuser of the brethren. Thus he is particularly called Satan as the accuser, Job 1:1-22. and Zechariah 3:1, etc.
It would form subject sufficient for a volume more than a Concordance to enter into the particulars the Holy Bible hath given us concerning this old serpent, the devil, and Satan which deceiveth the whole world. Nevertheless, in a work of this kind, I cannot prevail upon myself to pass it wholly by, without offering a few brief observations concerning the Scripture account which is given us of one, to whose infernal malice we owe all the miseries, sorrows, and evils of the present life.
Now the Scriptures of God relate to us that the devil, under the appearance of a serpent, beguiled our first parents in the garden of Eden, prompted them to break the divine commands, and by so doing introduced death into the circumstrances of them and all their posterity.
The Scriptures farther teach concerning Satan, that having thus by the introduction of sin brought in all the consequent effects of sorrow and misery, he hath set up a kingdom in the hearts of men and is "the ruler of the darkness of this world," and carries on a despotic government over all men, yea even the Lord's own children while remaining in their unregenerate and unawakened state. Hence he enticeth them to sin, as he did Ahab, when he became a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. (1 Kings 22:22) And the same in the instance of Ananias and Sapphira, when he filled their hearts to lie unto the Holy Ghost. (Acts 5:3, etc.) So in the ease of Hannah while going childless, he is said to have made her fret. (1 Samuel 1:6) In like manner the traitor Judas, concerning whom it is expressly said, "Satan, entered into him." (John 13:27)
Hence, therefore, when the Lord Jesus Christ is spoken of in the holy Scriptures as coming for the redemption of his people, this great feature of character is intimately linked with it; "for this purpose was the Son of God manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. (1 John 3:8) So again the apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Hebrews, was commissioned to tell the church that forasmuch"as the children were partakers of flesh and blood, he, that is, Christ, also himself likewise took part of the same, that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil, and deliver them who through fear of death were all their life-time subject to bondage. (Hebrews 2:14-15)
I stay not to remark, what hath not indeed in so many plain words Scripture authority, positively saying so, but what hath been the received opinion of learned and studious minds in all ages pondering over the word of God on this subject, that the devil's enmity began not with our nature, but with the Son of God for assuming our nature. Personally first with Christ, and then with all mankind in Christ, that so he might persecute and render miserable the seed of Christ. I must not go so far into the subject as to bring in all that the Scripture seems to intimate of the quarrel of the devil being first levelled against Christ for becoming the Head of his body the church. This would lead too far. The war, said to be in heaven between Michael and his angels, and the Dragon and his angels, (Revelation 12:7) hath been thought by some very able and learned divines to say as much. But I do not speak decidedly on the subject, though I had not even mentioned it, if I had not inclined to the same opinion. But be this as it may, very certain it is, that among the grand purposes for which the Son of God became incarnate this was eminently one, that he should conquer the devil and all the powers of hell, and "root out of his kingdom all things that offend." This formed as great a part in the plan of JEHOVAH for the glory of Christ, as the salvation of men for his glory.
In this view of the subject, if we take a comprehensive survey of what the Scriptures have said on the matter, we shall find that the kingdom Satan hath attempted to set up in the earth is personally directed against the kingdom of God and of his Christ: hence our Lord, speaking of Satan, calleth his empire a kingdom. Thus, when the Jews charged the Lord Jesus with casting out devils through Beelzebub, the prince of the devils, Christ made this answer, "If Satan cast out Satan he is divided against himself: how shall then his kingdom stand?" (Matthew 12:26) So that the struggle of life and glory, hath been from first to last directed against Christ's kingdom, and to establish the kingdom of Satan through the earth.
When therefore we behold the Lord Jesus going forth for the salvation of his people, we behold him, as he is represented through all the Scriptures, as first conquering Saran in his own person and then destroying his dominion in the hearts of his people. The first he did when through death, as the Scripture speaks, he destroyed him that had the power of death; and the second conquest was, and is, in every individual instance of his people, when by his regenerating grace in the sinner's heart he converts him from sin to salvation, and the sinner is translated out of "the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of God's dear Son." (Colossians 1:13)
And there is another and a open display of victory: which the Lord Jesus Christ will obtain over Satan, before a whole congregated world, when he will set up a visible kingdom upon earth before the final judgment, during which period the Scriptures tell us Satan will be shut up, and his power restrained from tempting any of Christ's church, as he now is permitted to do, neither will he during that period be allowed to deceive the world and make the ungodly harrass and afflict Christ's people any more. The beloved apostle John, in one of the chapters of the Revelations, hath most sublimely stated those great truths, (Revelation 20:1, etc.) "And I saw an angel come down from heaven having the key of the bottomless pit, and a great chain in his hand; and he laid hold of the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that he must be loosed a little season." To this account succeeds the relation of Christ's kingdom upon the earth. "And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them. And I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image neither had received his mark upon their foreheads or in their hands, and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years."
To this succeeds the accounts of the final and everlasting triumph, of the Lord Jesus Christ over Satan, when bringing this infernal spirit to open trial before the whole world of angels and of men at the last day, the day of judgment. At the close of which follows the everlasting and eternal, destraction of the devil and his angels in hell forever.
I must not farther enlarge. Let what hath been said suffice to comfort every, child of God under all the exercises he is called to go through, from the subtilty of Satan still working upon, and with the remains of indwelling corruption in our poor fallen nature. Blessed be our triumphant Jesus, his devices are but for a season, for Christ hath conquered him for us, and he will conquer him in us; the victory is not doubtful, for it is already won, and, "the God of peace will bruise Satan under our feet shortly." (Romans 16:20) In the meantime let us join that song of heaven, for we truly bear a part in it—"Now is come salvation and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ, for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony, and they loved not their lives unto the death." (Revelation 12:10-11)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Satan
("adversary".) Four times in Old Testament as a proper name (Job 1:6; Job 1:12; Job 2:1; Zechariah 3:1, with ha- , the article); without it in 1 Chronicles 21:1; 1 Chronicles 21:25 times in New Testament; the Devil also 25 times; "the prince of this world" three times, for Satan had some mysterious connection with this earth and its animals before man's appearance. (See DEVIL.) Death already had affected the pre-Adamic animal kingdom, as geology shows. Satan had already fallen, and his fall perhaps affected this earth and its creatures, over which he may originally in innocence have been God's vicegerent, hence his envy of man his successor in the vicegerency (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 3:1-14). "The winked one" six times; "the tempter" twice. "The old serpent, the devil, and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world" (Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:23). In Job his power is only over outward circumstances, by God's permission. Instead of being a rival power to good and God, as in the Persian belief as to Ormuzd and Ahriman, he is subordinate; his malicious temptation of David was overruled to work out Jehovah's anger against Israel (2 Samuel 24:1; 1 Chronicles 21:1).
As the judicial adversary of God's people he accuses them before God, but is silenced by Jehovah their Advocate (Zechariah 3:1-2; 1 Peter 5:8; Psalms 109:6; Psalms 109:31; 1 John 2:1-2). The full revelation of "the strong man armed" was only when "the stronger" was revealed (Luke 11:21-23). He appears as personal tempter of Jesus Christ. (See JESUS CHRIST.) The Zendavesta has an account of the temptation in Eden nearest that of Genesis, doubtless derived from the primitive tradition. Christ's words of Satan are (John 8:44), cf6 "ye are of your father the devil; he was a murderer (compare as to his instigating Cain 1 John 3:9-12) from the beginning and abode not in the truth. When he speaketh a lie he speaketh of his own, for he is a liar and the father of it." He is a "spirit," "prince of the powers of the air," and "working in the children of disobedience" (Ephesians 2:2). "Prince of the demons" (Greek), at the head of an organized "kingdom" (Matthew 12:24-26), with "his (subject) angels."
They "kept not their first estate but left their own habitation"; so God "hath reserved them in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day" (Judges 1:6). Again "God spared not the angels, but cast them into hell (Τartarus , the bottomless pit: Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:11), and delivered them to chains of darkness" (2 Peter 2:4). Their final doom is Τartarus ; meanwhile they roam in "the darkness of this world"; step by step they and Satan are being given up to Τartarus , until wholly bound there at last (Revelation 20). "The darkness of this world" (Ephesians 6:12) is their chain. They are free now to tempt and hurt only to the length of their chain; Revelation 12:7-9 describes not their original expulsion, but a further step in their fall, owing to Christ's ascension, namely, exclusion from access to accuse the saints before God (Job 1:11; Zechariah 3). Christ's ascension as our advocate took away the accuser's standing ground in heaven (compare Luke 10:18; Isaiah 14:12-15).
Pride was his "condemnation," and to it he tempts others, especially Christian professors (Genesis 3:5; 1 Timothy 3:6). As love, truth, and holiness characterize God, so malice or hatred (the spring of murder), lying, and uncleanness characterize Satan (John 8:44; 1 John 3:10-12). Disbelief of God is what first Satan tempts men to (Genesis 3); "IF Thou be the Son of God" was the dart he aimed at Christ in the wilderness temptation, and through human emissaries on the cross. Also pride and presumption (Matthew 4:6). Restless energy, going to and fro as the "roaring lion"; subtle instilling of venom, gliding steadily on his victim, as the "serpent" or "dragon"; shameless lust (Job 1:7; Matthew 12:43); so his victims (Isaiah 57:20). He steals away the good seed from the careless hearer (Matthew 13:19), introduces "the children of the wicked one" into the church itself, the tares among and closely resembling outwardly the wheat (Matthew 13:38-39).
His "power" is that of darkness, from which Christ delivers His saints; cutting off members from Christ's church is "delivering them to Satan" (1 Corinthians 5:5; 1 Timothy 1:20; Acts 26:18; Colossians 1:13). The Jews might have been "the church of God," but by unbelief became "the synagogue of Satan." His "throne" opposes Christ's heavenly throne (Revelation 4:2; Revelation 2:9-10; Revelation 2:13). He has his "principalities and powers" in his organized kingdom, in mimicry of the heavenly (Romans 8:38; 1 Corinthians 15:24; Colossians 2:15; Ephesians 6:12). He instigates persecution, and is the real persecutor. He has "depths of Satan" in opposition to knowledge of "the deep things of God" (Revelation 2:24); men pruriently desire to know those depths, as Eve did. It is God's sole prerogative thoroughly to know evil without being polluted by it. Satan has "the power of death," because "the sting of death is sin" (1 Corinthians 15:56); Satan being author of sin is author of its consequence, death. God's law (Genesis 2:17; Romans 6:23) makes death the executioner of sin, and man Satan's "lawful captive."
Jesus by His death gave death its deathblow and took the prey from the mighty; as David cut off Goliath's head with his own sword (Matthew 12:29; Luke 10:19; Isaiah 49:24; 2 Timothy 1:10; Psalms 8:2; Hebrews 2:14). "Christ ... through death ... destroy (katargeesee , "render powerless") him that had the power of death." Satan seeks to "get an advantage of" believers (2 Corinthians 2:11); he has "devices" (noeemata ) and "wiles" (methodeias , "methodical stratagems") (Ephesians 6:11), and "snares" (1 Timothy 3:7), "transforming himself (Greek) into an angel of light," though "prince of darkness" (2 Corinthians 11:14; Luke 22:53; Ephesians 6:12). "Satan hinders" good undertakings by evil men (Acts 13:10; Acts 17:13-14; Acts 3:8-10), or even by "messengers of Satan," sicknesses, etc. (2 Corinthians 11:14; 2 Corinthians 12:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; Luke 13:16). Satan works or energizes in and through antichrist (2 Thessalonians 2:9; Revelation 13:2) in opposition to the Holy Spirit energizing in the church (Ephesians 1:19). The wanton turn aside from Christ the spouse after Satan the seducer (1 Timothy 5:11-15).
The believer's victory by "the God of peace bruising Satan" is foretold from the first (Genesis 3:15; Romans 16:20). The opposition of Satan in spite of himself will be overruled to the believer's good, the latter thereby learning patience, submission, faith, and so his end being blessed, as in Job's case. Man can in God's strength "resist Satan" (James 4:7); by withholding consent of the will, man gives Satan no "place," room or scope (Ephesians 4:27). "The wicked one toucheth not" the saint, as he could not touch Christ (1 John 5:18; John 14:30). Self restraint and watchfulness are our safeguards (1 Peter 5:8).
Translate 2 Timothy 2:26 "that they may awake (ananeepsosin ) ... being taken as saved captives by him ("the servant of the Lord", 2 Timothy 2:24; autou ) so as to follow the will of Him" (ekeinou ; God, 2 Timothy 2:25): ezogreemenoi , taken to be saved alive, instead of Satan's thrall unto death, brought to the willing "captivity of obedience" to Christ (2 Corinthians 10:5). So Jesus said to Peter (Luke 5:10), cf6 "henceforth thou shalt catch [1] men." Satan in tempting Christ asserts his delegated rule over the kingdoms of this world, and Christ does not deny but admits it (Luke 4:6), "the prince of this world" (John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 6:12). Satan slanders God to man (Genesis 3:1-5), as envious of man's happiness and unreasonably restraining his enjoyments; and man to God (Job 1:9-11; Job 2:4-5).
Satan tempts, but cannot force, man's will; grace can enable man to overcome (James 1:2-4; 1 Corinthians 10:13; James 4:7, etc.). Satan steals the good seed from the careless hearer (James 1:21) and implants tares (Matthew 13:4; Matthew 13:19; Matthew 13:25; Matthew 13:38). Satan thrusts into the mind impure thoughts amidst holy exercises; 1 Corinthians 7:5, "come together that Satan tempt you not because of your incontinency," i.e., Satan takes advantage of men's inability to restrain natural propensities. Satan tempted Judas (Luke 22:5; John 23:27), Peter (Luke 22:31), Ananias and Sapphire (Acts 5). Augustine's (De Civit. Dei, 22:1) opinion was that the redeemed were elected by God to fill up the lapsed places in the heavenly hierarchy, occasioned by the fall of Satan and his demons.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Satan
Contrary; adversary; enemy; accuser
Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words - Satan
Śâṭân (שָׂטָן, Strong's #7854), “adversary; Satan.” This word appears 24 times in the Old Testament. Most uses of the term relate to the cosmic struggle in the unseen world between God and the opposing forces of darkness.
In Ps. 38:20, David cried out because he was the target of attack by his “adversaries.” Possibly David suffered because of mistakes he made; and within the permissive will of God, He used David’s enemies to discipline His servant.
In another psalm of distress by an individual, a godly man expressed his deep faith in the Lord. The writer prayed concerning those who were “adversaries” to his soul: “Let them be confounded and consumed that are adversaries to my soul; let them be covered with reproach and dishonor that seek my hurt” (Ps. 71:13). He expressed the reality of the powers of darkness against an individual who sought to live for God.
Imprecatory psalms call for judgment upon one’s enemies, reflecting the battle in the unseen world between darkness and light. David’s enemies became his “adversaries,” but he continued to pray for them (Ps. 109:4). Because those enemies repaid him evil for good and hatred for his love, the king prayed: “Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand” (Ps. 109:6). When they spoke evil against his soul, David called for the Lord’s reward against his “adversaries” (Ps. 109:20), and finally, became David’s accusers had intended him so much harm, he asked that his accusers be clothed with shame and dishonor (Ps. 109:29). In all of these passages, God worked indirectly by permitting individuals to act as “adversaries” of His people.
In another instance, David was merciful with members of Saul’s family who cursed him and wished him harm when he fled from Absalom (2 Sam. 16:5ff.). David restrained his army commanders from killing Saul’s family who had repented of their misdeeds. The king did not want his officers to be his “adversaries” on the day of victory and joy (2 Sam. 19:22).
God can also be the “adversary.” When Balaam went to curse the sons of Israel, God warned him not to do so. When the prophet persisted, God disciplined him: “And God’s anger was kindled because he went: and the angel of the Lord stood in the way for an adversary against him” (Num. 22:22). God stood as an “adversary” because no curse could undo the covenants and agreements already made with Israel.
God took up a controversy with Solomon. When Solomon added more and more pagan wives to his harem, God was greatly displeased (Deut. 17:17). But when the king built pagan shrines for his wives, God raised up “adversaries” against him(1 Kings 11:14), a direct action which caused the Edomites and Syrians to revolt against Israel.
Another special instance of intervention was the occasion when “… Satan [1] stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel” (1 Chron. 21:1). (No definite article is here in Hebrew and, therefore, “an adversary” is in mind.) In a parallel passage the Lord moved David to number Israel and Judah (2 Sam. 24:1). Even as the Lord stirred up an “adversary” against Solomon, so here God took a direct action to test David to help him learn a vital lesson. God tests believers to help them make the right choices and not depend upon their own human strength.
In the Book of Job, the word śâṭân always has the definite article preceding it (Job 1:6-12; 2:1-7), so the term emphasizes Satan’s role as “the adversary.” God permitted Satan to test Job’s faith, and the adversary inflicted the patriarch with many evils and sorrows. Satan was not all-powerful because he indicated that he could not get beyond God’s protection of Job (Job 1:10). He penetrated the “hedge” only with God’s permission and only for specific instances that would demonstrate God’s righteousness. Job became the battleground between the forces of darkness and light. He learned that Satan could be defeated by making the right choices and that God can be glorified in every circumstance. Zechariah recorded a vision of “… Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him” (literally, “be his adversary”; Zech. 3:1). The Lord rebuked “the adversary” (Zech. 3:2). Satan was once again in conflict with God’s purposes and the angels of God, but “the adversary” was not all-powerful and was subject to rebuke by God Himself A general usage of śâṭân (“adversary”) appears in 1 Kings 5:4: “But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary or evil occurrent.” In another instance, David went over to the side of the Philistines; in attempting to fight with them against Israel, some of the Philistine leaders doubted David’s sincerity and felt that he would be “an adversary” in any battle between the two armies (1 Sam. 29:4).
In the Septuagint, the word is diabolos.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Satan
signifies an adversary or enemy, and is commonly applied in the Scriptures to the devil, or the chief of the fallen angels. By collecting the passages where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be concluded, that he fell from heaven with his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over subordinate apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men, and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets and seducers; that it is he, or his agents, that torment or possess men, and inspire them with evil designs, as when he suggested to David, the numbering of the people, to Judas to betray his Lord and Master, and to Ananias and Sapphira to conceal the price of their field; that he is full of rage like a roaring lion, and of subtlety like a serpent, to tempt, to betray, to destroy, and involve us in guilt and wickedness; that his power and malice are restrained within certain limits, and controlled by the will of God; in a word, that he is an enemy to God and man, and uses his utmost endeavours to rob God of his glory, and men of their souls. See DEVIL and See DEMONIACS .
Webster's Dictionary - Satan
(n.) The grand adversary of man; the Devil, or Prince of darkness; the chief of the fallen angels; the archfiend.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Satan
Satan (sâ'tan), adversary. 1 Chronicles 21:1. The adversary of God and man, the foe to goodness, and the tempter to evil. The proper name appears five times in the Old Testament, 1 Chronicles 21:1; Job 1:6; Job 1:12; Job 2:1; Zechariah 3:1; in the New Testament 25 times; the word "devil" occurs 25 times; "the prince of this world," three times; "the wicked one," six times; "the tempter," twice. In one remarkable verse several epithets are combined—the old serpent, the devil, and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world. Revelation 12:9. The most striking mention of Satan is in Job, where he appears among "the sons of God," This is in itself sufficient to prove the subordination of the powers of evil unto God and the permissive nature of sin, and that Satan has no authority to vex save as God grants it. The existence of Satan is a perpetual menace to godliness. See Devil.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Satan
(Hebrew: an adversary, enemy)
Name for the chief demon or devil (1Par 5), frequently used as a common noun in the Old Testament (3Kings 5). The form Satanas is used throughout the New Testament in the Vulgate, while the form Satan occurs in the Old Testament only. In Matthew 16 it is used in the sense of contrariness or opposition.
King James Dictionary - Satan
SA'TAN, n. Heb. an adversary. The grand adversary of man the devil or prince of darkness the chief of the fallen angels.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Satan, Kingdom of
Satan is represented as having a kingdom (Matthew 12) and power (Acts 26), whose rule is exercised in the souls of those who disobey God. More definitely the kingdom of Satan means the organized forces of the evil spirits under the leadership of Satan, the "Adversary," the devil. By God's permission this kingdom extends over all that is not of heaven, until the struggle between the powers of hell and the kingdom of God on earth, as foretold in the Apocalypse (cf. 12,7-9; cf. 20) shall end with the Last Judgment in the final triumph of Christ and His Saints.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Satan
Signifies, properly, adversary, enemy, 1 Kings 11:14 Psalm 109:6 , and is so applied by Jesus to Peter, Matthew 16:23 Mark 8:33 . Hence it is used particularly of the grand adversary of souls, the devil, the prince of the fallen angels, the accuser and calumniator of men before God, Job 1:7,12 Zechariah 3:1,2 Revelation 12:10 . He seduces them to sin, 1 Chronicles 21:1 Luke 22:31 ; and is thus the author of that evil, both physical and moral, by which the human race is afflicted, especially of those vicious propensities and wicked actions which are productive of so much misery, and also of death itself, Luke 13:16 Hebrews 2:14 . Hence Satan is represented both as soliciting men to commit sin, and as the source, the efficient cause of impediments which are thrown in the way of the Christians religion, or which are designed to diminish its efficacy in reforming the hearts and lives of men, and inspiring them with the hope of future bliss, Matthew 4:10 John 13:27 Romans 16:20 Ephesians 2:2 . See DEVIL .
The "synagogue of Satan," Revelation 2:9,13 , probably denotes the unbelieving Jews, the false zealots for the Law of Moses, who at the beginning were the most eager persecutors of the Christians. They were very numerous at Smyrna, to which church John writes.

Sentence search

Satanical - ) Of or pertaining to Satan; having the qualities of Satan; resembling Satan; extremely malicious or wicked; devilish; infernal
Accuser of the Brethren - One of the names of Satan. ) See Devil See Satan
Adversary - One who sets himself in opposition to another: one of the names of Satan. ...
See Satan
Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic - For some people, belief in a personal Satan is part of mankind's nursery furniture. The concept of a personal Satan, however, has remained a part of evangelical thought. The present-day Christian who accepts the biblical teaching concerning Satan is not committed to all of the crude imagery that has sprung up around belief in Satan. In the light of medieval and modern distortions, a careful consideration of the biblical teaching concerning Satan is especially needed. ...
Old Testament Teaching A fully defined doctrine of Satan is not fund in the Bible until New Testament times. A number of reasons have been suggested for the relatively limited material on Satan in the Old Testament. ...
Satan, the chief of the fallen angels, is mentioned in a number of places in the Old Testament. It is clear that from the very moment of the creation of this world that Satan and fallen angels were on the scene, rebels against God. Satan was evidently perfect in his original state. When Satan does appear in the Old Testament he is always the adversary of God's people. ...
The most extensive Old Testament discussion of Satan is in Job. ...
New Testament Teaching By the time the New Testament book were written, God had led their authors to a clear-cut doctrine of Satan. This doctrine located an origin of evil in Satan. ...
Matthew, Mark, and Luke clearly accept and teach a doctrine of a personal Satan and his agents called fallen angels or demons (Mark 3:22 ). Satan and demons are seen as able to inflict disease ( Matthew 17:5-18 ; Luke 13:16 ). Satan possessed Judas (Luke 22:3 ). John saw Satan as the prince of this world (John 12:31 ; John 14:30 ; John 16:11 ) with the whole world in his power (1 John 5:19 ). ...
The apostle Paul's world view teaches that Satan is the god of this age. The cosmos or unredeemed world is at present under Satan's power. Satan is now the “commander of the spiritual powers of the air” (Ephesians 2:2 REB) and leads “the superhuman forces of evil in the heavenly realms” ( Ephesians 6:12 REB). ...
The general New Testament Epistles describe Satan's activities graphically. ” The constant use of violence and deceit by Satan requires that believers manifest courage and extreme vigilance ( James 4:7 ; 1 Peter 5:8-9 ). ...
The book of Revelation sees Satan's activities as involving not only individuals but communities. Revelation 2:13 even speaks of a throne of Satan. ...
It should be remembered that the New Testament teaches that Satan and his demonic allies are not coequal with God. Satan and the demonic forces have been overcome by the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the end Satan and his angels will be completely overcome. The cross was a decisive victory over Satan and Satan's host (Colossians 2:15 ). ...
Limitations of Satan Today, people continue to concretize their fears. Satan is a created, rebellious and tempting evil power active in the universe, but his powerful existence does not exclude a person from responsibility. Satan and the demonic forces cannot dominate or possess us except by our own consent. The power of Satan is limited. ...
The recent fascination with Satan and demons is in reaction to an earlier disbelief. Knowledge about Satan and evil angels alerts Christians to the danger and subtlety of Satanic temptation. We should not become too absorbed in Satanic forces. Satan and demonic forces are active, but they are limited
Devil - ; Satan A personal spiritual power who leads the forces of evil and opposition to God. Medieval and modern distortions have produced much crude imagery to spring up to describe Satan. Thus, a believer needs to consider carefully the biblical teaching concerning Satan. The most familiar term is Satan. Satan is a Hebrew common noun meaning, “the accuser” or “the adversary. An angel or messenger of God can serve as a Satan (Numbers 22:22 ). Psalm 109:6 apparently describes the human accuser in a trial (NAS; NIV; NRSV) despite a traditional interpretation as Satan (KJV). ...
As a figure of evil the word Satan appears in Job 1:1;b12 and Zechariah 3:1-2 . In Zechariah and Job 1–2 the Satan appears as God's agent and minister who seeks to bring charges against individual people before God and the heavenly court. Here the Satan is “the accuser. Satan appears without the definite article and is thus certainly a personal name in 1 Chronicles 21:1 . Revelation 12:9 reveals that the serpent is Satan. The Old Testament makes clear the Satanic opposition humans face in this world as they try to obey God. ...
New Testament God led New Testament authors to a much more clear-cut teaching about Satan. The New Testament recognizes Satan as a personal reality distinct from human wills. Satan is a major factor in causing evil situations and in tempting people to evil actions. ...
Satan abides in hell, which was expressly prepared—apparently by God—for Satan and his angels (Matthew 25:41 ). Satan rules over the demons, indicating a political power structure (Mark 3:22 ). Satan has messengers to afflict God's servants (2 Corinthians 12:7 ). Jesus could call Satan the “ruler of this world” but only as He spoke of Satan's judgment and defeat (John 12:31 ; John 16:11 ) because he does not have power over Jesus (John 14:30 ). In that case, Satan is limited to being the “prince of the devils” (Matthew 9:34 ). Satan is their father (John 8:44 ; Acts 13:10 ), for only Satan has been a murderer from the beginning and the father of lies (John 8:44 ) as opposed to Jesus who is the Truth. Even one who followed Jesus most closely and recognized His role as Messiah could be called, “Satan” for seeking to prevent Jesus from carrying out His role as Suffering Servant (Mark 8:33 ). Satan constantly tries to snatch God's word from those who hear it (Matthew 13:19 ). The church can be commanded to hand an immoral member over to Satan for discipline resulting in final salvation (1 Corinthians 5:5 ; compare 1 Timothy 1:20 ). Satan constantly seeks to tempt and outwit believers (1 Corinthians 7:5 ; 2 Corinthians 2:11 ; 1 Timothy 3:6-7 ; 1 Timothy 5:15 ; 2 Timothy 2:26 ), often pretending to be what he is not (2 Corinthians 11:14 ). Believers, on the other hand, are warned even in their anger not to give Satan a foothold to tempt them (Ephesians 4:27 ). People can turn from Satan to find forgiveness and salvation (Acts 26:18 ). The constant use of violence and deceit by Satan requires that believers manifest courage and extreme vigilance (James 4:7 ; 1 Peter 5:8-9 ). ...
The New Testament, as the Old, avoids talking of the absolute origin of Satan. ...
Satan is not eternal. Satan faces God's judgment as seen in the discussion of the “ruler of this world” above. The church has concrete evidence of Satan's defeat in the experience of the disciples in their first mission efforts. By speaking in Jesus' name, the disciples subjected demons, leading Jesus to say, “I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven” (Luke 10:18 ). Jesus gave His followers power over the enemy, that is over Satan (Luke 10:19 ). Revelation 12:1 connects the birth of Jesus with a heavenly battle in which Satan and his angels were cast from heaven “into the earth” ( Revelation 12:9 ). The “blood of the Lamb” and the testimony of faithful disciples overcame Satan. Still for a “short time” (Revelation 12:12 ) Satan will exercise his great wrath on earth. Thus the current age is an age of warfare between Satan and Christ's disciples, but the ultimate victory is sure. Christ in His death has destroyed Satan, who holds the power of death and causes people to fear death (Hebrews 2:14 ). ...
In summary, the New Testament teaches that Satan and his demonic allies are not coequal with God. In the end Satan and his angels will be completely overcome, for Jesus came into the world to “destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8 ). The cross won a decisive victory over Satan (Colossians 2:15 ). But even though Satan is a created, rebellious, and tempting evil power active in the universe, this fact does not exclude a person from responsibility. Satan and the demonic forces cannot dominate or possess us except by our consent. The power of Satan is limited. ...
The recent fascination with Satan and demons is in reaction to an earlier disbelief. Knowledge about Satan and evil angels alerts Christians to the danger and sublety of Satanic temptation. Interest in knowing about Satan should not turn to an absorbing fascination with Satan. Christians are to be absorbed in the availability of God's power and love in Jesus Christ and through the Spirit to overcome Satan and all demonic forces
Devil - See Satan ...
...
Accuser - See Satan ...
...
Adversary - See Satan ...
...
Serpent - See Satan ...
...
Tempter, the - See Satan ...
...
Sathanas - ) Satan
Satan - Satan (sâ'tan), adversary. In one remarkable verse several epithets are combined—the old serpent, the devil, and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world. The most striking mention of Satan is in Job, where he appears among "the sons of God," This is in itself sufficient to prove the subordination of the powers of evil unto God and the permissive nature of sin, and that Satan has no authority to vex save as God grants it. The existence of Satan is a perpetual menace to godliness
Satan - The Hebrew word Satan [ 1 Samuel 29:4 ), Rezon of Damascus (1 Kings 11:23,25 ), and the angel of the Lord (Numbers 22:22,32 ). ...
In the Old Testament, then, Satan is not an evil principle opposing God. In Job "the Satan" is not God's adversary, but Job's. Within the Job narrative, Satan Acts at God's directive. While 1:12; 2:6-7 point to Satan's causal role in Job's life, later texts like 6:4; 7:14; 9:17 appear to lay blame on God. Thus Satan carries out divine directives. ...
Not Job's piety, but the connection between his piety and his prosperity was what Satan was questioning. ...
"Satan" occurs thirty-six times in the New Testament, eighteen of that number in the Gospels and Acts. The Greek term Satanas [ Mark 1:13 ). In the famous "Beelzebub controversy" Jesus made clear his intention to drive Satan out of people's lives and to destroy his sovereignty (Matthew 12:26 ; Mark 3:23,26 ; Luke 11:18 ). He liberated a woman "whom Satan (had ) kept bound for eighteen long years" (Luke 13:16 ). Paul spoke of his being sent to turn people "from the power of Satan to God" (Acts 26:18 ), and that the works of the "lawless one (were) in accordance with the work of Satan, " in doing sham miracles, signs, and wonders (2 Thessalonians 2:9 ). Christ will come, he wrote, to overthrow that agent of Satan. ...
While the activity of Satan is carried out in "the world" (i. He influenced Peter's thinking about Jesus to the extent that Jesus said to his disciple, "Get behind me, Satan!" (Matthew 16:23 ). Believers can be tempted by Satan due to a lack of self-control in sexual matters (1 Corinthians 7:5 ), and he can even masquerade as "an angle of light" to accomplish his purposes (2 Corinthians 11:14 ). Some people even turn away from their faith to follow Satan (1 Timothy 5:15 ). ...
Satan opposes the proclamation of the gospel, snatching away the seed (the word ) that was sown in people's hearts (Mark 4:15 ; Luke 8:12 ). ...
Satan is regarded in the New Testament as "master of death and destruction, " who carries out God's wrath against sinners. Twice we read of persons "handed over to Satan" for spiritual discipline by the church (1 Corinthians 5:1-5 ; 1 Timothy 1:19-20 ). This appears to mean that excommunication puts people out into Satan's realm, a sovereignty from which believers have been rescued (Colossians 1:13 ; cf. In other cases, Satan attacked the disciples of Jesus by "sifting" them (Luke 22:31 ), a figure that is enigmatic. In any case, Satan was up to no good. ...
The nascent church in Jerusalem felt the brunt of Satan's attacks. ...
Jesus spoke of seeing Satan "fall like lightning from heaven" (Luke 10:18 ), a fall not identified but spoken of within the context of demons being cast out—a sign of Satan's loss of authority. In Revelation, amid a war in heaven, Satan was "hurled to the earth" along with his angels/demons (12:9). ...
The other common appellation for Satan in the New Testament is "the devil" (diabolos [1]), not found in the Old Testament, but thirty-four times here, meaning one who is traducer, a slanderer. The word often translates Satan [2] in the Septuagint (either as "the Satan" or an "adversary"). "...
In the New Testament the word appears to be used interchangeably with "Satan. " Mark refers to "Satan" five times, but never uses "devil. The Fourth Gospel has one instance of "Satan" (with none in the Epistles of John), while the "devil" (as Satan) occurs twice in the Gospel and three times in the Epistles. ...
Jesus would drive out "the prince of this world" by his cross (John 12:31 ); the latter would have no hold on Christ, for he was without sin (14:30); and Satan stood condemned at the bar of God's judgment (16:11). Lanyton, Satan, A Portrait ; D
Devil - —See Demon and Satan
Devil - —See Demon and Satan
Demon - A fallen angel that assists Satan in the opposition of God. Demons are evil (Luke 10:17-18), powerful (Luke 8:29), and under the power of Satan (Matthew 12:24-30)
Eblis - ) The prince of the evil spirits; Satan
Kingdom of Satan - Satan is represented as having a kingdom (Matthew 12) and power (Acts 26), whose rule is exercised in the souls of those who disobey God. More definitely the kingdom of Satan means the organized forces of the evil spirits under the leadership of Satan, the "Adversary," the devil
Satan, Kingdom of - Satan is represented as having a kingdom (Matthew 12) and power (Acts 26), whose rule is exercised in the souls of those who disobey God. More definitely the kingdom of Satan means the organized forces of the evil spirits under the leadership of Satan, the "Adversary," the devil
Evil One - and Lord’s Prayer and Satan
Archenemy - Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind
Satanophany - ) An incarnation of Satan; a being possessed by a demon
Satanism - ) The evil and malicious disposition of Satan; a diabolical spirit
Lightning - ...
Luke 10:18 (a) The disciples thought they had conquered Satan. Satan occupies heavenly places. No one can put Satan down nor conquer him. This passage does not refer to Satan's fall from Heaven, but rather to his daily attacks on the people on earth
Satan - ) Four times in Old Testament as a proper name (Job 1:6; Job 1:12; Job 2:1; Zechariah 3:1, with ha- , the article); without it in 1 Chronicles 21:1; 1 Chronicles 21:25 times in New Testament; the Devil also 25 times; "the prince of this world" three times, for Satan had some mysterious connection with this earth and its animals before man's appearance. Satan had already fallen, and his fall perhaps affected this earth and its creatures, over which he may originally in innocence have been God's vicegerent, hence his envy of man his successor in the vicegerency (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 3:1-14). "The old serpent, the devil, and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world" (Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:23). Christ's words of Satan are (John 8:44), cf6 "ye are of your father the devil; he was a murderer (compare as to his instigating Cain 1 John 3:9-12) from the beginning and abode not in the truth. Their final doom is Τartarus ; meanwhile they roam in "the darkness of this world"; step by step they and Satan are being given up to Τartarus , until wholly bound there at last (Revelation 20). As love, truth, and holiness characterize God, so malice or hatred (the spring of murder), lying, and uncleanness characterize Satan (John 8:44; 1 John 3:10-12). Disbelief of God is what first Satan tempts men to (Genesis 3); "IF Thou be the Son of God" was the dart he aimed at Christ in the wilderness temptation, and through human emissaries on the cross. ...
His "power" is that of darkness, from which Christ delivers His saints; cutting off members from Christ's church is "delivering them to Satan" (1 Corinthians 5:5; 1 Timothy 1:20; Acts 26:18; Colossians 1:13). The Jews might have been "the church of God," but by unbelief became "the synagogue of Satan. He has "depths of Satan" in opposition to knowledge of "the deep things of God" (Revelation 2:24); men pruriently desire to know those depths, as Eve did. Satan has "the power of death," because "the sting of death is sin" (1 Corinthians 15:56); Satan being author of sin is author of its consequence, death. God's law (Genesis 2:17; Romans 6:23) makes death the executioner of sin, and man Satan's "lawful captive. " Satan seeks to "get an advantage of" believers (2 Corinthians 2:11); he has "devices" (noeemata ) and "wiles" (methodeias , "methodical stratagems") (Ephesians 6:11), and "snares" (1 Timothy 3:7), "transforming himself (Greek) into an angel of light," though "prince of darkness" (2 Corinthians 11:14; Luke 22:53; Ephesians 6:12). "Satan hinders" good undertakings by evil men (Acts 13:10; Acts 17:13-14; Acts 3:8-10), or even by "messengers of Satan," sicknesses, etc. Satan works or energizes in and through antichrist (2 Thessalonians 2:9; Revelation 13:2) in opposition to the Holy Spirit energizing in the church (Ephesians 1:19). The wanton turn aside from Christ the spouse after Satan the seducer (1 Timothy 5:11-15). ...
The believer's victory by "the God of peace bruising Satan" is foretold from the first (Genesis 3:15; Romans 16:20). The opposition of Satan in spite of himself will be overruled to the believer's good, the latter thereby learning patience, submission, faith, and so his end being blessed, as in Job's case. Man can in God's strength "resist Satan" (James 4:7); by withholding consent of the will, man gives Satan no "place," room or scope (Ephesians 4:27). being taken as saved captives by him ("the servant of the Lord", 2 Timothy 2:24; autou ) so as to follow the will of Him" (ekeinou ; God, 2 Timothy 2:25): ezogreemenoi , taken to be saved alive, instead of Satan's thrall unto death, brought to the willing "captivity of obedience" to Christ (2 Corinthians 10:5). " Satan in tempting Christ asserts his delegated rule over the kingdoms of this world, and Christ does not deny but admits it (Luke 4:6), "the prince of this world" (John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 6:12). Satan slanders God to man (1618451854_93), as envious of man's happiness and unreasonably restraining his enjoyments; and man to God (Job 1:9-11; Job 2:4-5). ...
Satan tempts, but cannot force, man's will; grace can enable man to overcome (James 1:2-4; 1 Corinthians 10:13; James 4:7, etc. Satan steals the good seed from the careless hearer (James 1:21) and implants tares (Matthew 13:4; Matthew 13:19; Matthew 13:25; Matthew 13:38). Satan thrusts into the mind impure thoughts amidst holy exercises; 1 Corinthians 7:5, "come together that Satan tempt you not because of your incontinency," i. , Satan takes advantage of men's inability to restrain natural propensities. Satan tempted Judas (Luke 22:5; John 23:27), Peter (Luke 22:31), Ananias and Sapphire (Acts 5). Dei, 22:1) opinion was that the redeemed were elected by God to fill up the lapsed places in the heavenly hierarchy, occasioned by the fall of Satan and his demons
Adversary, the - Satan, the adversary, stood up against Israel and provoked David to number Israel. ' It is one of the names or characters of Satan: he is not only the tempter of man, but he is also the positive enemy, the adversary of all, seeking to devour whom he may, and to distress and lead astray those he is not permitted to destroy. See Satan
Temptations, the Lord's - He met these temptations as a dependent man by the word of God, to which Satan has no reply. That the Lord met Satan in the relation in which, as man, He stood to Israel and man, is confirmed by the temptations being omitted from John's Gospel, in which the Lord is contemplated more as Son of God; for GOD cannot be tempted of evil. The first temptation is remarkable, as showing that Satan knew whom he was addressing, or he would not have suggested so striking a miracle as making stones into bread. Satan quoted this scripture, but omitted the important part that the angels had charge over Him to keep Him in all His ways. The temptation was for Him to go out of His way, which would have been putting God to the test, or tempting Him...
The third temptation was the offer to the Lord of all the glory of the world if He would do homage to Satan. In this he is discovered as Satan. Christ shows that God only is to be worshipped, and bids Satan to depart. With man, how many have, alas! paid homage to Satan in some way for scraps of worldly glory or earthly possessions!...
It will be noticed that the Lord in answering Satan (in each case with 'It is written') quoted from the Book of Deuteronomy, a book in which Israel is contemplated as on the point of entering the land of promise
Adversary - The meaning of Satan (1 Peter 5:8); also divine justice (Luke 12:58-59)
Michael the Archangel - ' He went to the assistance of one (probably an angel) who had been sent with a message to Daniel, but who had been detained twenty-one days by the prince of the kingdom of Persia (doubtless Satan, or one of Satan's angels, who was acting for the kingdom of Persia, as Michael was prince for the children of Israel). It is also said of Michael that when he contended with Satan about the body of Moses, he durst not bring a railing accusation against him, but said, "The Lord rebuke thee. " Michael and his angels will however fight with Satan and his angels, and will prevail, and Satan will be cast out of that portion of heaven to which he now has access
Tempter - ) One who tempts or entices; especially, Satan, or the Devil, regarded as the great enticer to evil
Sardine (Stone) - Ezekiel 28:13 (b) Probably the Lord is telling us that all the beauty of Heaven's adornments as represented by the different colors of stones was given to this great arch-angel who later fell and became Satan. These stones represent a wide variety in values, so that probably we are being told that Satan in his original exalted position with GOD had all the values that could be given to a created spirit
Michael - In Judges 1:9 Michael is represented "as contending with Satan about the body of Moses. " So again in Revelation 12:5; Revelation 12:7; Revelation 12:9, the symbolic scenery which represents the malignity of Satan towards the "man-child "= Christianity—the child of Judaism, caught up to the throne of God, i. , placed under the divine protection, and invested with sovereign power—Michael and his angels are represented as waging war with Satan and his angels in the upper regions; from which the latter ate cast down upon the earth
Dragon, - the dragon is a type of Satan and those energised by him. In Revelation 12:3 the "great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns," is symbolical of Satan's power in the form of the Roman empire: it endeavoured, in the person of Herod, to destroy Christ when born. In Revelation 13:2,4 it is Satan who gives the resuscitated Roman empire in a future day its throne and great authority. In Revelation 16:13 it is Satan, and in Revelation 20:2 he is described as "that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan
Satan - The Hebrew word for ‘adversary’ is Satan, which later became the name used in the Bible for this leader of evil (Job 1:6). ...
God’s rebellious servant...
We should not think that Satan is in some way the equal of God, one being a good God and the other an evil God. Satan is no more than an angelic being created by God. There are good angels and evil angels, Satan being chief of the evil ones (Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:41; Ephesians 6:12; Judges 1:9; Revelation 12:7-9; see ANGELS; DEMONS). ...
Also there are not, as it were, two kingdoms, a kingdom of good where God is absolute ruler and a kingdom of evil where Satan is absolute ruler. Satan is not a sovereign ruler but a rebel. It is Satan, not God, who is the tempter (Genesis 3:1-6; 1 Chronicles 21:1; Matthew 4:1-11; 1 Corinthians 7:5; James 1:13). Yet God allows them to suffer the troubles and temptations that Satan brings in life, for through such things he tests and strengthens their faith (James 1:2-3; James 1:12; cf. ...
Satan is hostile to God and fights against God’s purposes (Matthew 4:1-12; Mark 8:31-33). But in the long run Satan cannot be successful, because Jesus Christ, by his life, death and resurrection, has conquered him and delivered believers from his power (Matthew 12:28-29; Luke 10:18; John 12:31; John 16:11; Acts 26:18; Colossians 2:15; Hebrews 2:14-15; 1 John 3:8). (Concerning Jesus Christ’s conquest of Satan see KINGDOM OF GOD. )...
Enemy of the human race...
Although Jesus has conquered Satan, the world at present sees neither Jesus’ conquest nor Satan’s defeat. The world will see Jesus’ conquest and Satan’s defeat in the great events at the end of the age, when Christ returns in power and glory (Revelation 20:10). ...
In the meantime Satan continues to operate (Matthew 13:24-26; Matthew 13:37-39). ...
Satan causes people physical suffering through disease (Luke 13:16; 2 Corinthians 12:7; see DISEASE), and evil spirits (Mark 3:20-27; Mark 7:25; Acts 10:38; see MAGIC; UNCLEAN SPIRITS). ...
Christians, because they have declared themselves on the side of God, may at times experience Satan’s attacks more than others. They have a constant battle against Satan, but they do not fight entirely by their own strength. Certainly, they must make every effort to resist Satan and avoid doing those things that will give Satan an opportunity to tempt them (Ephesians 4:27; James 4:7), but God gives Christians the necessary armour to withstand Satan’s attacks (Ephesians 6:11-13). ...
Just as Satan opposed Jesus in his ministry, so he will oppose Jesus’ followers in their ministry (1 John 3:10; Acts 13:10; 1 Thessalonians 2:18)
Accuser - (See Satan
Satan - Satan...
1. The term Satan is Hebrew and means ‘adversary. In such passages no trace of a distinct being designated ‘Satan’ is to be seen. of Job, in the person of one of ‘the sons of God’ who bears the title of ‘the Satan. ’ Here Satan appears as a member of the celestial council of angelic beings who have access to the presence of God. In Zechariah 3:2 essentially the same view of ‘the Satan’ is presented. But in 1 Chronicles 21:1 (‘And Satan stood up against Israel, and moved David to number Israel’) the personality of this being is more distinct: he appears now as ‘Satan’ (a proper name without the article), the tempter who is able to provoke David to number Israel. ) the work of Satan is apparently conceived of as more or less independent of, and opposed to, the Divine action. 64, ‘the fallen watchers’ (and their descendants) are carefully distinguished from the Satans, who apparently belong to ‘a counter kingdom of evil’ which existed before the fall of the watchers recorded in Genesis 6:1 , the latter, in consequence of their fall, becoming subject to the former. Apparently these ‘Satans’ are ruled by a single chief, who is styled ‘Satan’ in one passage (Enoch 54. of Wisdom ( Wis 2:24 : ‘by the envy of the devil death entered into the world’) we already meet with the identification of the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 with Satan, which afterwards became a fixed element in belief, and an allusion to the same idea may be detected in the Psalms of Song of Solomon 4:11 , where the prosperous wicked man is said to be ‘like a serpent, to pervert wisdom, speaking with the words of transgressors. ), where, moreover, Satanology shows a rich development (the pride, revolt, and fall of Satan are dwelt upon). The chief of the Satans is Sammael, who is often referred to as ‘the angel of death’: and in the Secrets of Enoch he is prince of the demons and a magician. It is interesting to note that in the later Midrash one of the works of Messiah ben-Joseph is the slaying of Sammael, who is ‘the Satan, the prime mover of all evil. 17a), looks like a theological refinement, which has sometimes been combined with the popular view of Satan (Satan works his evil purpose by the instrumentality of the ‘evil impulse’). In the NT, Satan and his kingdom are frequently referred to. Sometimes the Hebrew name ‘Satan’ is used ( e. Matthew 10:25 ) Satan is apparently identified with Beelzebub (or Beelzebul), and is occasionally designated ‘the evil one’ ( Matthew 13:19 ; Matthew 13:38 etc. He is called the ‘prince of the devils (or demons)’ in Matthew 12:24 , just as Sammael, ‘the great prince in heaven,’ is designated the ‘chief of Satans’ in the Midrash. They belong to and are subject to Satan. As in the Book of Enoch, Satan is represented in the NT as the ruler of a counter-kingdom of evil (cf. Matthew 12:26 , Luke 11:13 ‘if Satan cast out Satan, how shall his kingdom stand?’); he led astray angels ( Revelation 12:4 ) and men ( 2 Corinthians 11:3 ); his functions are to tempt ( Matthew 4:1-12 , Luke 22:31 ), to accuse ( Revelation 12:10 ), and to punish ( 1 Corinthians 5:5 : impenitent sinners delivered over to Satan for destruction of the flesh). Romans 16:20 , 2 Corinthians 11:2-3 ) and in the Apocalypse Satan is identified with the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 . Paul shared the contemporary belief that angelic beings inhabited the higher (heavenly) regions, and that Satan also with his retinue dwelt not beneath the earth, but in the lower atmospheric region; cf. Ephesians 2:2 , where ‘the prince of the power of the air’ = Satan (cf. also Ephesians 6:12 and Luke 10:13 ‘I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven ’). For Satan’s rôle in the Apocalypse see art. The attitude of our Lord towards the Satan-belief . Our Lord, as is clearly apparent in the Synoptic tradition, recognized the existence and power of a kingdom of evil, with organized demonic agencies under the control of a supreme personality, Satan or Beelzebub. One principal function of the Messiah is to destroy the works of Satan and his subordinates ( Mark 1:24 ; Mark 1:34 ; Mark 3:11-12 ; Mark 3:15 etc. In the expulsion of demons by His disciples, Jesus sees the overthrow of Satan’s power ( Luke 10:13 ). The evil effected by Satanic agency is intellectual and moral as well as physical ( Mark 4:15 , Matthew 13:19 ; Matthew 13:33 ; cf
Adversary - It is used of an enemy of God in 1 Samuel 2:10 (Septuagint ), and in 1 Peter 5:8 of ‘the enemy,’ Satan; in this last passage διάδολος is anarthrous, as a proper name, while ἀντίδικος has the article (see Devil and Satan). Such are the ‘adversaries’ of 1 Corinthians 16:9, Philippians 1:28; in 1 Timothy 5:14 Chrysostom takes the ‘adversary’ to be Satan, the ‘reviler’ (cf. 1 Timothy 5:15), or he may be the human enemy as prompted by Satan. ]'>[1] ), whose parousia is according to the working of Satan (1 Timothy 5:9); and it is interesting to note that the letter of the Churches of Vienne and Lyons ( Historia Ecclesiastica (Eusebius, etc. 5) uses this expression absolutely of Satan, or of Antichrist, working through the persecutors, and ‘giving us a foretaste of his unbridled activity at his future coming
Antipas - where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is" (the idol AEsculapius was worshipped there under the serpent form); "and thou holdest fast My name, and hast not denied My faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. " Satan, the old serpent, instigated the idol's devotees, through the magistrates at Pergamos, to slay Antipas
Adultery - As those who are married may turn against each other secretly to find another companion, so one who is married to CHRIST and takes the place of being a Christian may turn against the Saviour and become a lover of the world and the things of Satan. This person professes to be a Christian, takes the place of belonging to CHRIST, but finds his real enjoyment, his love and his pleasure in the things that Satan offers
Premillennialism - At the beginning of the millennium Satan and his angels will be bound and peace will exist on the entire earth. At the end of the 1000 years Satan will be released in order to raise an army against Jesus
Devil - The name describes Satan as slandering God to man and man to God. " [1]
Beelzebul - Jews of New Testament times used ‘Beelzebul’ as a name for Satan, the prince of demons (Matthew 10:25; Matthew 12:24-27). This was the meaning the Jews had in mind when they used the name as a title for Satan. Satan was Beelzebul, for he was lord of all things unclean, in particular unclean spirits, or demons (Mark 3:21-22; Luke 11:14-15)
Thorn in the Flesh - In 2 Corinthians 12:7 Paul referred to “a thorn in the flesh,” “a messenger of Satan,” given him by God to ensure his humility following a profound experience of “visions,” “revelations,” and “ascent into the third heaven. ...
A more acceptable solution, however, relates to the context of 2 Corinthians 12:1-10 where “thorn in the flesh” parallels both “messenger of Satan” in 2 Corinthians 12:7 and the “weaknesses,” “insults,” “distresses,” “persecutions,” and “difficulties” of 2 Corinthians 12:10 . ...
Therefore, in 2 Corinthians 12:7 , “thorn in the flesh” refers more to the enemy, the “messenger of Satan,” than to any specific physical ailment. The “messenger of Satan” was a redemptive judgment (as Israel's enemies were also used) of God upon Paul “to keep me from exalting myself. ” Thus Paul's entire apostolic experience of suffering (compare 2 Corinthians 1:3-11 ; 2 Corinthians 4:7-5:10 ; 2 Corinthians 6:1-10 ; 2 Corinthians 7:2-7 ; 2 Corinthians 11:16-33 ), abetted by Satan and operative through the evils of this world, was the “messenger of Satan,” a “thorn in the flesh,” which God gave and used to keep the great apostle humbly obedient
Cockatrice - Isaiah 14:29 (b) This represents the cruel and evil result of plans which are promoted by Satan and carried out by wicked men
Satan (2) - SATAN. The word ‘Satan’ (שָׂטָן, Σατανᾶς), which in the NT is invariably used as a proper name denoting the arch-enemy of God and man, occurs in the Hebrew of the OT originally as a synonym of the common words for ‘adversary,’ as the verb שָׂטֵן is used simply in the sense of withstanding, taking the opposite side. In this sense it is used in Numbers 22:22 even of the angel of the Lord, who is said to go forth to be a Satan to Balaam. In Job 2:3 Jehovah taxes ‘the Satan’ with over-officious zeal in his efforts to test the motives of the righteous man whom he is permitted to accuse; and again in Zechariah 3:2 He distinctly rebukes him for pressing his charge against Joshua. But notwithstanding such suggestions that an evil spirit, a malicious accuser, is described (like the Satan, the accuser of the brethren, διάβολος, κατήγορος of the NT), there is no explicit indication that this is the case. The being thus described as ‘the Satan’ or the Adversary appears in Zechariah as an official accuser, and in the Book of Job he takes his place among ‘the sons of God’ in the court of heaven as one having a right to be there, and that in connexion with the function attributed to him of ‘going to and fro upon the earth,’ and ‘considering’ and reporting upon the conduct of the sons of men. Of a malignant enemy of God and His cause, a personal spirit of evil called Satan, there is no express mention in the OT. Again, though in one passage in Chronicles (1 Chronicles 21:1) we read that Satan tempted David to number the people—a presumptuous offence for which the king was severely punished—the parallel passage (2 Samuel 24:1), much the older narrative, attributes David’s conduct to trial at the hands of God, not to the temptation of the Evil One. Altogether it is one of the most noteworthy features of the theology of the OT, that so little reference is made to Satan as the great adversary of God and His people, or as the malignant tempter and accuser of man. The Satan of the Book of Job and of the prophecies of Zechariah is described in language very different from that in which the arch-enemy is spoken of in the NT. ...
This fact, together with the circumstance that references to Satan as an accuser of mankind occur only in those books of the OT which belong to a comparatively late period, has been taken as a proof of the theory that the Jewish belief in Satanic agency was introduced into the Hebrew theology from a foreign source. It has been supposed that upon those popular beliefs of early Semitie religion there was grafted, from Persian sources, the conception of a Prince of Darkness whose agency is similar to that which, in the religion of Zoroaster, is ascribed to the demon-god Ahriman, and that the belief in Satan and his angels as fallen spirits was thus introduced into Hebrew theology. But, as a matter of fact, the connexion between Satan and the Zoroastrian Ahriman is more apparent than real. A simpler explanation of the history of the doctrine of the personality and agency of Satan is that it has been the subject of development under the influence of a progressive revelation. The complete revelation of such a being as the malignant author of evil was reserved for the time when, with the advent of Christ’s Kingdom, the minds of God’s people were prepared, without risk of idolatry, or of the mischievous dualism of such a religion as that of Zoroaster, to recognize in the serpent of Eden and in the Satan who appeared as the adversary of Job and of Joshua, the great Adversary of God and man, whose power is to be feared and his temptations resolutely resisted, but from whose dark dominion the Son of God had come to deliver mankind. If the OT is remarkable for its reticence on this subject, we find in the NT the doctrine of Satanic agency very fully developed. Jesus and His disciples distinctly assume the reality of Satan and his kingdom as a mighty power for evil, opposed to the Kingdom of God in the world and in the hearts of men. At the outset of the Gospel narrative Satan appears as the antagonist of Christ. Mark (Mark 1:13) informs us that Jesus was forty days tempted of Satan, using that word or title as a proper name. Matthew’s account, Jesus addresses him as ‘Satan. Luke concludes the narrative with the significant words, ‘When the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season,’ as if to indicate that the conflict with Satan was renewed and continued throughout our Lord’s ministry. Thus the Synoptic Gospels distinctly describe the source of the temptation as the direct suggestions of a person, and that one who is variously called Satan and ‘the devil. John (John 13:2) informs us that Satan entered the heart of Judas and prompted him to betray his Lord. ...
In the recorded utterances of Jesus, in His express teaching, allusions are clearly made to the power and activity of Satan as a personal being, and the great Adversary of God and man. He attributes the trouble of the woman who had the spirit of infirmity to the malign power of Satan to afflict even the bodies of men (Luke 13:16). Thus, so far from discouraging the popular belief which ascribed to Satan and his angels power over soul and body, Jesus distinctly acknowledged it. Accused by the Pharisees, representatives of those to whose speculations in angelology and demonology that popular belief has been traced, of casting out demons through Beelzebub the prince of demons, Jesus, so far from controverting or throwing doubt upon the current opinions of the time, repels the charge by the argument that if Satan should cast out Satan, he would only be defeating his own ends and destroying his own work. Luke 11:20), illustrating His argument by the similitude of the strong man and the Stronger than he, implying that Satan is the strong man who would enslave mankind, but that Jesus Himself is the Stronger than he, who has appeared for the deliverance of the victims of Satanic power. ...
Again, when the Seventy expressed their joy at the success of their mission, and exclaimed, ‘Lord, even the demons are subject unto us,’ Jesus replied, ‘I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven,’ and went on to say, ‘Behold, I give you power to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy’ (Luke 10:17-19). Passing over such passages as those in the Sermon on the Mount, ‘Whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil’ or ‘the evil one’ (Matthew 5:37); ‘Deliver us from evil’ or ‘the evil one’ (Matthew 6:13), which have been explained, and even, as in the Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 , translated as referring to the personal Author of Evil, we find Jesus in His discourses and in warnings addressed to His disciples making distinct allusion to Satan as the great adversary whom they have cause to fear. In the parables of the Sower and the Tares, the Evil One, variously termed ‘the devil,’ ‘Satan,’ ‘the enemy,’ ‘the wicked one,’ is described as seeking to frustrate the work of Christ by catching away the good seed sown in the heart (Matthew 13:19, Mark 4:15, Luke 8:12); or by sowing tares among the wheat (Matthew 13:38-39), the tares denoting the children of ‘the wicked one’ as the enemy that sowed them is ‘the devil. ’ Here we see clearly illustrated the New Testament doctrine of the irreconcilable antagonism between the Kingdom of Christ and that of Satan. ...
Again, Jesus warns Peter on one occasion that Satan has asked and obtained the Divine permission to sift the disciples as wheat; and indicates that their only hope lies in the intercession of Christ Himself, who has prayed for Simon that his ‘faith fail not’ (Luke 22:31). ...
Once more, in Christ’s discourse on the Last Judgment, it is expressly stated that the everlasting punishment to which the unfaithful are condemned was ‘prepared for the devil and his angels’ (Matthew 25:41), a passage which well illustrates the manner in which, in the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus is consistently represented as alluding to Satan and his power and kingdom. The darkness under whose dominion, according to the introductory verses, the world is held, the dead weight, the vis inertiae of human insensibility to the Divine light, is no negative thing, but itself a power, a kingdom in deadly opposition to the Kingdom of Christ, and under the rule of Satan. Again, He speaks of Satan as the Prince of this world, and represents as the aim and the certain result of His own work, the judgment and the easting out of Satan and his kingdom (John 12:31; cf. James (James 4:7) merely counsels his readers to resist the devil, assuring them that he will flee from them; while in another passage (James 2:19) he speaks of ‘the demons’ (τὰ δαιμόνια), evidently meaning by the term the subordinate agents of Satanic power, as believing that there is one God—a belief which fills them with terror. Peter assures us that Satan, whom he describes as ἀντίδικος (‘adversary,’ a technical or official word), and compares to a roaring lion, may be successfully resisted by the power of steadfast faith (1 Peter 5:8-9). John in his First Epistle repeats the teaching of his Gospel, and in the Apocalypse identifies Satan with the serpent of Eden, and seemingly also with the accuser of Job and of Joshua (Revelation 12:9-10), and foretells his coming doom. Paul accepts the current doctrine; but though in his Epistles to the Ephesians and Colossians he seems to add to the teaching of Christ in the Gospels other elements from the demonology of the Pharisaic schools and from other sources (Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 6:11, Colossians 2:15), and in his Epistles to the Corinthians and to Timothy (1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Timothy 1:20) ascribes to Satan a certain power of discipline as a minister of Divine judgment, really contributes to this branch of Christian doctrine no essential element additional to that which is furnished in the Gospels. ‘Satan’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (Whitehouse), and in the Encyc
Belial - In 2 Corinthians 6, it is a designation of Satan
Belili - In 2 Corinthians 6, it is a designation of Satan
Frog - Exodus 8:2 (c) Probably this is symbolical of those wicked, filthy repugnant habits and ways which Satan brings into men's lives for dishonorable purposes
Albigenses - This error taught that there were two gods: the good god of light usually referred to as Jesus in the New Testament and the god of darkness and evil usually associated with Satan and the "God of the Old Testament. " Anything material was considered evil including the body which was created by Satan
Devil - ) Satan, (Job 2:6. ) See Satan...
Accuser, the, - ὁ κατήγοροςA title given to Satan when he is cast down to the earth, because he had accused the brethren before God day and night
Lucifer - Satan
Satan - 1: Σατανᾶς (Strong's #4567 — Noun Masculine — Satanas — sat-an-as' ) a Greek form derived from the Aramaic (Heb. , Satan), "an adversary," is used (a) of an angel of Jehovah in Numbers 22:22 (the first occurrence of the Word in the OT); (b) of men, e. , 1 Samuel 29:4 ; Psalm 38:20 ; 71:13 ; four in Psalm 109 ; (c) of "Satan," the Devil, some seventeen or eighteen times in the OT; in Zechariah 3:1 , where the name receives its interpretation, "to be (his) adversary," RV (see marg. ...
In the NT the word is always used of "Satan," the adversary (a) of God and Christ, e. ...
The appellation was given by the Lord to Peter, as a "Satan-like" man, on the occasion when he endeavored to dissuade Him from death, Matthew 16:23 ; Mark 8:33 . ...
"Satan" is not simply the personification of evil influences in the heart, for he tempted Christ, in whose heart no evil thought could ever have arisen (John 14:30,2 Corinthians 5:21 ; Hebrews 4:15 ); moreover his personality is asserted in both the OT and the NT, and especially in the latter, whereas if the OT language was intended to be figurative, the NT would have made this evident
Ap - Ezekiel 13:5 (a) In a peculiar way the Lord is describing certain conditions in the national life of Israel wherein their sins made openings for Satan to enter, and the emissaries of Satan to destroy
Devil - ...
Satan, Job 2:6 . ...
See Satan
Belial - There Paul the apostle declared the mutual irreconcilability of Christ and Belial, who thus appears to be equated with Satan. See Satan ; Antichrist
Fowler - Used symbolically for Satan, from whose snares God delivers His saints
Atonement - In early days Western writers held that Christ by His sufferings made a payment to Satan to have him relinquish his right to man. Following Anselm, it is now usually held that Satan had no rights over man, but that Christ suffered because man by sin had incurred a debt to Divine justice and that this required a satisfaction that could be paid only by a God-Man Redeemer
Origenism - Prominent in his teaching was the doctrine that all created beings, including Satan, will ultimately be saved
Adversary - Satan), an opponent or foe (1 Kings 5:4 ; 11:14,23,25 ; Luke 13:17 ); one that speaks against another, a complainant (Matthew 5:25 ; Luke 12:58 ); an enemy (Luke 18:3 ), and specially the devil (1 Peter 5:8 )
Apollyon - ' He is king of the locusts of the bottomless pit, and ruler over the destroying agents that proceed from thence: it is one of the characters of Satan
Sop - Although Judas accepted the bread signifying friendship, John said, “Satan entered into him” (John 13:27 ). At that moment Judas gave himself over to the will of Satan and left to betray Jesus
Sembiani - He persuaded his followers that wine was a production of Satan and the earth, denied the resurrection of the body, and rejected most of the books of the Old Testament
Enchantment - ...
Numbers 24:1 (c) These enchantments are evidently pictures and types of the schemes and plans of Satan which are contrary to the will and way of GOD
be-el'Zebul - (lord of the house ), the title of a heathen deity, to whom the Jews ascribed the sovereignty of the evil spirits; Satan, the prince of the devils
sa'Tan - The word itself, the Hebrew Satan , is simply an "adversary," and is so used in ( 1 Samuel 29:4 ; 2 Samuel 19:22 ; 1 Kings 6:4 ; 11:14,23,25 ; Numbers 22:22,33 ; Psalm 109:6 ) This original sense is still found in our Lord's application of the name to St. In the book of Job we find for the first time a distinct mention of "Satan" the "adversary" of Job. The captivity brought the Israelites face to face with the great dualism of the Persian mythology, the conflict of Ormuzd with Ahriman, the co-ordinate spirit of evil; but it is confessed by all that the Satan of Scripture bears no resemblance to the Persian Ahriman. The New Testament brings plainly forward the power and the influence of Satan, From the beginning of the Gospel, when he appears as the personal tempter of our Lord through all the Gospels, Epistles, and Apocalypse, it is asserted or implied, again and again, as a familiar and important truth. Of the nature and original state of Satan, little is revealed in Scripture. We can only conjecture, therefore, that Satan is a fallen angel, who once had a time of probation, but whose condemnation is now irrevocably fixed. The power of Satan over the soul is represented as exercised either directly or by his instruments. Besides this direct influence, we learn from Scripture that Satan is the leader of a host of evil spirits or angels who share his evil work, and for whom the "everlasting fire is prepared. We find them sharing the enmity to God and man implied in the name and nature of Satan; but their power and action are little dwelt upon in comparison with his. The indirect action of Satan is best discerned by an examination of the title by which he is designated in Scripture. " In the application of the title to Satan, both the general and special senses should be kept in view. The method of Satanic action upon the heart itself. "trial," is essential to man, and is accordingly ordained for him and sent to him by God, as in (Genesis 22:1 ) It is this tentability of man, even in his original nature, which is represented in Scripture as giving scope to the evil action of Satan. But in the temptation of a fallen nature Satan has a greater power
Unclean Spirits - Satan is their leader, and he used them in an exceptional way to oppose Jesus’ ministry (Mark 1:21-27; Mark 3:11; Mark 5:2; Mark 5:7; Mark 6:7; Mark 7:25). Jesus’ victory over evil spirits was a sign that the kingdom of God had come and Satan was being conquered (Matthew 4:23-24; Matthew 12:28; see KINGDOM OF GOD; Satan). It was therefore important for them to be committed to Jesus as true followers, allowing God’s Spirit to come into their lives and rule where previously Satan had ruled (1618451854_51)
Beelzebub - form Beel'zebul), the name given to Satan, and found only in the New Testament (Matthew 10:25 ; 12:24,27 ; Mark 3:22 )
North - Let us remember that Satan endeavored to occupy GOD's throne, and that was his great sin
Abaddon - See Satan
Temptation - The sources of temptation, are Satan, the world, and the flesh. The following rules have been laid down, by which we may in some measure know when a temptation comes from Satan. ...
See Satan
Battle - Psalm 18:39 (b) There will be a conflict in the soul of every believer between the flesh and the Spirit, between the world and GOD the Father, between Satan and the Lord JESUS. ...
Psalm 24:8 (b) The conflict mentioned here was between the Lord JESUS and wicked men; it was also between the Saviour and Satan. It is used, however, as a figure of the warfare that is constantly being waged between the church and the world or between the Christian and Satan
Spoil - The "goods" are the people who are ensnared and enslaved by Satan. The one who enters the house is the Lord JESUS CHRIST who alone is able to bind and to conquer Satan. He then takes those who have belonged to Satan and delivers them from Satan's power and sets them free. This operation is represented as the spoiling of his (Satan's)
Michael - He disputed with Satan (Jude 1:9 ) about the body of Moses. He is also represented as warning against "that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world" (Revelation 12:7-9 )
Onolatry - In the Catacombs there is a fresco in which the ass represents Satan or heresy
Darkness, Prince of - Therefore Satan is called the "prince of darkness," and his influence and rule Saint Paul speaks of as the "power of darkness" (Colossians 1; Luke 22)
Ass in Caricature of Christian Beliefs And Practic - In the Catacombs there is a fresco in which the ass represents Satan or heresy
Ass Worship - In the Catacombs there is a fresco in which the ass represents Satan or heresy
Pre-Adamites - The teaching that there was a race of people before Adam and Eve lived in the Garden and that the fall of Satan caused a widespread destruction of the world
Belial - In later writings, Belial is put for the power or lord of evil, Satan, 2 Corinthians 6:15
be'Lial - The term as used in ( 2 Corinthians 6:15 ) is generally understood as an appellative of Satan, as the personification of all that was bad
Satan - One of the names of the devil; and as all the names of this apostate spirit have special signification beside that of identifying his person, we may consider this of Satan as implying that horrid part of his character, the adversary and accuser of the brethren. Thus he is particularly called Satan as the accuser, Job 1:1-22. ...
It would form subject sufficient for a volume more than a Concordance to enter into the particulars the Holy Bible hath given us concerning this old serpent, the devil, and Satan which deceiveth the whole world. ...
The Scriptures farther teach concerning Satan, that having thus by the introduction of sin brought in all the consequent effects of sorrow and misery, he hath set up a kingdom in the hearts of men and is "the ruler of the darkness of this world," and carries on a despotic government over all men, yea even the Lord's own children while remaining in their unregenerate and unawakened state. (1 Samuel 1:6) In like manner the traitor Judas, concerning whom it is expressly said, "Satan, entered into him. ...
In this view of the subject, if we take a comprehensive survey of what the Scriptures have said on the matter, we shall find that the kingdom Satan hath attempted to set up in the earth is personally directed against the kingdom of God and of his Christ: hence our Lord, speaking of Satan, calleth his empire a kingdom. Thus, when the Jews charged the Lord Jesus with casting out devils through Beelzebub, the prince of the devils, Christ made this answer, "If Satan cast out Satan he is divided against himself: how shall then his kingdom stand?" (Matthew 12:26) So that the struggle of life and glory, hath been from first to last directed against Christ's kingdom, and to establish the kingdom of Satan through the earth. " (Colossians 1:13)...
And there is another and a open display of victory: which the Lord Jesus Christ will obtain over Satan, before a whole congregated world, when he will set up a visible kingdom upon earth before the final judgment, during which period the Scriptures tell us Satan will be shut up, and his power restrained from tempting any of Christ's church, as he now is permitted to do, neither will he during that period be allowed to deceive the world and make the ungodly harrass and afflict Christ's people any more. ) "And I saw an angel come down from heaven having the key of the bottomless pit, and a great chain in his hand; and he laid hold of the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that he must be loosed a little season. "...
To this succeeds the accounts of the final and everlasting triumph, of the Lord Jesus Christ over Satan, when bringing this infernal spirit to open trial before the whole world of angels and of men at the last day, the day of judgment. Let what hath been said suffice to comfort every, child of God under all the exercises he is called to go through, from the subtilty of Satan still working upon, and with the remains of indwelling corruption in our poor fallen nature. Blessed be our triumphant Jesus, his devices are but for a season, for Christ hath conquered him for us, and he will conquer him in us; the victory is not doubtful, for it is already won, and, "the God of peace will bruise Satan under our feet shortly
Baal-Zebub - ” Regardless of the exact meaning of the name, Jesus clearly used it in reference to Satan. See Baal ; Philistines; Satan
Slander - Jesus spoke of Satan as one who “does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. See Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic ; Ethics
Air - The other is that Satan is called the prince of the power of the air, Ephesians 2:2 , doubtless referring to the permeating character of the air, which we not only breathe, but it fills our houses and enters everywhere. When the air is tainted with malaria it permeates everywhere and poisons everything; so Satan has such power that his poisonous spirit morally contaminates everything in the world, of which he is the god
Devil - In Hebrew Satan means "adversary. " Peter when tempting Jesus to shun the cross did Satan's work, and therefore received Satan's name (Matthew 16:23); so Judas is called a "devil" when acting the Devil's part (John 6:70). Satan's characteristic sins are lying (John 8:44; Genesis 3:4-5); malice and murder (1 John 3:12; Genesis 4); pride, "the condemnation of the Devil," by which he "lost his first estate" (1 Timothy 3:6; Job 38:15; Isaiah 14:12-15; John 12:31; John 16:11; 2 Peter 2:4; Judges 1:1:6). They and their master Satan are at times allowed by God to afflict with bodily disease (Luke 13:16): "Satan hath bound this woman these eighteen years" with "a spirit of infirmity," so that she was "bowed together. ...
Our word "panic," from the idol Pan, represented as Satan is, with horns and cloven hoofs, shows the close connection there is between the idolater's slavish terror and Satan his master. The mixture of some elements of primitive truth in paganism accords with Satan's practice of foiling the kingdom of light by transforming himself at times into an "angel of light. Satan as Beelzebub (Matthew 12:24-30) is at the head of an organized kingdom of darkness, with its "principalities and powers" to be "wrestled" against by the children of light. For any subordinate agent of this kingdom, man or demon, to oppose another agent would be, reasons Christ, a division of Satan against Satan (involving the fall of his kingdom), which division Satan would never sanction (Ephesians 6:12-13). Our Lord speaks of the disciples' casting out of demons as an installment or earnest of the final "fall" of Satan before the kingdom of Christ (Luke 10:18). At our Lord's advent as Prince of Light, Satan as prince of darkness, whose ordinary operation is on men's minds by invisible temptation, rushed into open conflict with His kingdom and took possession of men's bodies also. In pagan countries instances occur wherein Satan seemingly exercises a more direct influence than in Christian lands. There are four gradations in Satan's ever-deepening fall. As before Christ's ascension heaven was not yet fully open to man (John 3:13), so it was not yet shut against Satan. ...
(2) From Christ to the millennium he is judicially cast out as "accuser" of the elect; for Christ appearing before God as our Advocate (Hebrews 9:24), Satan the accusing adversary could no longer appear against us (Romans 8:33-34). "Knowing that he hath but a short time" (Revelation 12), in "great wrath" he concentrates his power on the earth, especially toward the end, when he is to lose his standing against Israel and expulsion shall be executed on him and his by Michael (Revelation 12:7-9; Daniel 12:1; Zechariah 3, where Joshua the high priest represents "Jerusalem," whose "choice" by the Lord is the ground of the Lord's rebuke to Satan). Having failed to defeat God's purpose of making this earth the kingdom of Christ and His transfigured saints, by means of the beast, the harlot, and finally Antichrist, who is destroyed instantly by Christ's manifestation in glory, Satan is bound in the bottomless pit for a thousand years during which he ceases to be the persecutor or else seducer of the church and "the god and prince of the world" that "lieth in the wicked one. "...
(4) At its close, being loosed for a while, in person Satan shall head the last conspiracy against Christ (permitted in order to show the security of believers who cannot fall as Adam fell by Satan's wiles), and shall be finally cast into the lake of life forever (Revelation 20:7-10)
Apollyon - ) Satan (Revelation 9:11. As the twofold names Αbba (Hebrew) Father (Greek) in Mark 14:36 combine Jew and Gentile in the common salvation, so Satan's two names abaddon (Hebrew) and Αpollos (Greek) combine them in a common destruction
Plague - ...
Psalm 91:10 (a) The believer that walks with the Lord, and dwells in His presence, is safe from the attacks of Satan, and from the thorns and thistles that are in this life to hurt and hinder
Hymenaeus - Paul, in his apostolic authority, had delivered him and Alexander unto Satan that they might learn not to blaspheme
Satan - The form Satanas is used throughout the New Testament in the Vulgate, while the form Satan occurs in the Old Testament only
Sifting - Yet Jesus is Himself sifted by Satan, whose ‘findings’ are nil (John 14:30), while, also, the disciples are not above the Master. ‘As the wheat in the sieve is shaken backwards and forwards, and thus the refuse separates itself from the grain, and falls out; so Satan wishes to trouble you and toss you about (by vexations, terrors, dangers, afflictions) in order to bring your faithfulness to me to decay’ (Meyer’s Luke 22:31). Satan aims at destruction; Jesus is thinking of purification as the real result. Christ comes with His fan to get rid of chaff (Matthew 3:12); Satan sifts in order to get rid of wheat. For, as Thomas Fuller says somewhere, when Satan comes with his sieve, he desires to find the chaff and not the wheat
Sitnah - The same root as Satan
Captive - ...
Luke 4:18 (b) Here is a type of those who are bound by Satan in false doctrines, false beliefs and evil practices. ...
2 Timothy 3:6 (b) This name is given to those who are held in bondage by Satan as they listened to false teachers who lead them into false faiths
Millennium - ...
Thousand years binding of Satan...
In the visions of Revelation Chapter 20 the thousand years reign of Christ seems to correspond with the thousand years of Satan’s imprisonment (Revelation 20:1-3). At the end of this time Satan is released, then, after a brief but violent rebellion, destroyed (Revelation 20:7-10). ...
The amillennial and postmillennial view understands the binding of Satan to refer to his conquest by Christ at the cross, so that people might no longer be enslaved by him (Hebrews 2:14-15; cf. On this view, the rebellion of Satan refers to the great outbreak of evil by the forces of Satan at the end of the present age. The destruction of Satan comes, therefore, at the return of Christ (2 Thessalonians 2:3-8; Revelation 16:12-21). ...
The premillennial view understands the binding of Satan to refer to his inability to interfere during the coming earthly reign of Christ (Matthew 25:31). On this view, the rebellion of Satan refers to a final attempt by Satan to overthrow Christ’s kingly rule. The destruction of Satan comes, therefore, at the end of Christ’s earthly reign (1 Corinthians 15:25-28)
Thorn in the Flesh - This was something that Satan was allowed to inflict on Paul, not because of any fault he had committed, but lest he should be puffed up on account of his having been caught up into the third heaven
Advocate - He pleads for GOD's people in the presence of GOD when Satan accuses them before GOD
Tares - Matthew 13:25 (a) Our Lord Himself tells us that the tares are the children of Satan
Evil - Evil originated with Satan (Isaiah 14:12-15) and is carried on by man (Matthew 15:18-19)
Lucifer - ) Hence, Satan
Lucifer - In popular language Lucifer is regarded as an appellation of Satan
Blindness - Used metaphorically to describe the state of man by nature under the influence of Satan, 2 Corinthians 4:4 ; also a professing Christian who hates his brother, 1 John 2:11 ; also the state of Israel in their heartless profession, Matthew 23:16-26 ; and the judicial blindness on Israel
Unpardonable Sin - This term is commonly applied to blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, in attributing the miracles wrought by Christ to the power of Satan
Adder - Hence, when the Lord Jesus Christ is said to bruise Satan, it is described under the similitude of "treading on the lion and the adder
Snare - They are also used symbolically for the snares men lay for one another, and especially for those that Satan lays to entrap man into his power. The baits that Satan uses are things that men like, and which may not always be moral evils in themselves, as riches, honour, etc. So the Christian, taught of God, and led by the Holy Spirit, will not be ignorant of Satan's devices, and will not fall thereby
Angel - Of course, Lucifer, who became Satan, is the one who opposes God. Satan is such an angel (Isaiah 14:12-16; Luke 10:18)
Tempt, to; Temptation - The Lord refused to put God to the proof when tempted by Satan to cast Himself down that the angels might preserve Him. Temptation to evil, either by Satan, or by our own lusts
Accuser - 1), is used 34 times as a title of Satan, the Devil (the English word is derived from the Greek); once of Judas, John 6:70 , who, in his opposition of God, acted the part of the Devil. In Revelation 12:10 , it is used of Satan
Serpent - The form under which Satan "the old serpent" tempted Eve (Revelation 12:9; 2 Corinthians 11:3). Its crested head of pride, glittering skin, fascinating, unshaded, gazing eye, shameless lust, tortuous movement, venomous bite, groveling posture, all adapt it to be type of Satan. The serpent cannot be classed physically with the behemoth, the pachyderm and ruminant animals; "the serpent was crafty above every behemoth in the field" (Genesis 3:1); nor physically is the serpent "cursed above others"; it must be Satan who is meant. ...
The curse in Genesis 3:14 is mainly on Satan, but subordinately on the serpent his tool; just as the ox that gored a man was to be killed, so the serpent should suffer in his trailing on the belly and being the object of man's disgust and enmity
Lucifer - (Latin: light-bearer; the morning star, the sun) ...
Although it sometimes refers to a King of Babylon (in Isaiah 14), the Fathers apply it in a spiritual sense to the leader of the fallen angels, or Satan
Satan - See Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic
Boil - The boils were doubtless malignant when sent as a plague in Egypt, Exodus 9:9-11 ; and they were severe in the case of Job when smitten by Satan
Belial - (1 Samuel 25:25) In the language of the New Testament, Belial is another name for Satan
Wickedness, Spirits of - The envy of Satan and his fallen hosts conspires against God and His reign over the souls of men
Satan - Śâṭân (שָׂטָן, Strong's #7854), “adversary; Satan. Because those enemies repaid him evil for good and hatred for his love, the king prayed: “Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand” ( Satan [1] stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel” (Job 1:6-12; 2:1-7), so the term emphasizes Satan’s role as “the adversary. ” God permitted Satan to test Job’s faith, and the adversary inflicted the patriarch with many evils and sorrows. Satan was not all-powerful because he indicated that he could not get beyond God’s protection of Job (Job 1:10). He learned that Satan could be defeated by making the right choices and that God can be glorified in every circumstance. Zechariah recorded a vision of “… Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him” (literally, “be his adversary”; Satan was once again in conflict with God’s purposes and the angels of God, but “the adversary” was not all-powerful and was subject to rebuke by God Himself A general usage of śâṭân (“adversary”) appears in 1 Kings 5:4: “But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary or evil occurrent
Millennium - Christ will return at the end of the millennium at a time when Satan reasserts his power. ” The idea is no literal thousand year period, but a symbolic expression related to the spiritual blessedness of present Christian experience in which Satan is a defeated enemy and believers reign in life by Christ Jesus. Therefore, this view does not look for a literal, future thousand year reign of Christ on the earth during which Satan is bound. During the millennium, Christ will reign on the earth with His saints while Satan is bound in the bottomless pit. Historic premillennialism holds to a literal, future reign of Christ on earth, during which Satan is bound a thousand years and the saints reign with Christ
Air - In Ephesians 2:2 the air is the abode or Satan (see below); in Ephesians 6:12 ‘the heavenlies’ (τὰ ἐπουράνια)-a vague phrase used also in Ephesians 1:3; Ephesians 1:20; Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10 to denote the heavenly or spiritual sphere, the unseen universe*
The prince of the power of the air (Ephesians 2:2) is Satan. Satan is the arch-tyrant whose abode is in the air
Beelzebub - (bee eel' zee buhb) (KJV, NIV) or BEELZEBUL (NAS, TEV, NRSV) Name for Satan in New Testament spelled differently in Greek manuscripts
Dainties - They come from Satan and damage the soul
Sceva - Here Satan showed his power as the 'strong man
Belial - In the New Testament, "Belial" is used as an appellation of Satan, the power or lord of evil: "What concord hath Christ with Belial," the prince of licentiousness and corruption? 2 Corinthians 6:15
Lucifer - The language is primarily drawn from that of Satan himself, the spirit that energized the pagan world power Babylon, that now energizes the apostate church, and shall at last energize the last secular antichrist (the fourth kingdom little horn) and his champion, the false prophet (the third kingdom little horn), the harlot's successor, who shall oppress Israel, as the fourth kingdom little horn oppresses the Gentile world: Daniel 7:8-26 (Chaldee); Daniel 8:9-11 (Hebrew); Revelation 13:4; Revelation 16:13-14; 2 Thessalonians 2:9. "Lucifer" is thus naturally applied to Satan (Luke 10:18; Revelation 12:8-9; Judges 1:6)
Spoil, to - The kingdom of Satan was spoiled by One stronger than he when the Lord Jesus cast out demons from those possessed, and also especially when Satan's power was annulled on the cross
Adder - By this means the listeners are deceived by Satan and are led astray from GOD's path
Abyss - Satan will be bound there during the millennium (Revelation 20:1-3 )
Tares, - In the parable of the Wheat and Tares the Lord compares to tares those introduced into the kingdom by Satan, who will be consumed in judgement
Belial - In the New Testament it is found only in 2 Corinthians 6:15 , where it is used as a name of Satan, the personification of all that is evil
Adversary - ...
In scripture, Satan is called THE adversary, by way of eminence
Sanballat - His case is an illustration of the way in which, whenever God has work in progress, Satan finds an agent to oppose it
Gehenna - It is apparently the future abode of Satan and his angels (Matthew 25:41)
Excommunication - ...
In the Bible, serious offenders of God’s law, who were supposed to be Christian, were "delivered over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh" (1 Corinthians 15:5; 1 Timothy 1:20)
Wind - The wind is also used as a symbol of the unseen influence of Satan, Jude 12 ; and where permitted he carries out his evil designs by the wind
Evil, Powers of - Hence evil men, living in sin, are said to be slaves of, or in the power of Satan; and other evils so-called, such as calamities, sickness, and the like, are often due to the same powers of evil
Freedom - FREE, FREEDOM...
The Scriptures considering our whole nature by the fall under the vassalage of sin and Satan, represent our deliverance from both by grace under the character of spiritual freedom
Net - Satan and the wicked also prepare their nets and snares
Death - Death personified as a power of Satan: the last enemy to be destroyed
Beelzebub - The Jews seem to have applied this appellation to Satan, as being the author of all the pollutions and abominations of idol-worship
Serpent - But that Satan was the actual tempter, and that he used the serpent merely as his instrument, is evident (1) from the nature of the transaction; for although the serpent may be the most subtle of all the beasts of the field, yet he has not the high intellectual faculties which the tempter here displayed. ...
In the New Testament it is both directly asserted and in various forms assumed that Satan seduced our first parents into sin (John 8:44 ; Romans 16:20 ; 2 co 11:3,14 ; Revelation 12:9 ; 20:2 )
Adversary - " The Scriptures represent also Satan, as an adversary to Christ and his church. " (Isaiah 50:8) And Zechariah (Zechariah 3:1) represents Satan as "an adversary standing at Joshua's right hand, to resist him
Satan - Hence Satan is represented both as soliciting men to commit sin, and as the source, the efficient cause of impediments which are thrown in the way of the Christians religion, or which are designed to diminish its efficacy in reforming the hearts and lives of men, and inspiring them with the hope of future bliss, Matthew 4:10 John 13:27 Romans 16:20 Ephesians 2:2 . ...
The "synagogue of Satan," Revelation 2:9,13 , probably denotes the unbelieving Jews, the false zealots for the Law of Moses, who at the beginning were the most eager persecutors of the Christians
Gog And Magog - In Ezekiel the attack is before Israel is finally settled in the land, as may be seen by the context; whereas in the Revelation it is after the thousand years of the millennium, and is followed by the final overthrow of God's enemies who are led on by Satan. There is doubtless an allusion to the names in Ezekiel; 'Gog and Magog,' being symbolical names, are employed to describe all the proud and powerful hordes of post-millennium times, whose number is 'as the sand of the sea,' and whom Satan will collect together from all quarters to attack the kingdom of the Lord Jesus as established on earth, only to be devoured by fire from heaven: for Satan, when loosed, will not be able to raise up an empire against the Lord
Snare - They were caught in their own Satanic devices. ...
Proverbs 13:14 (b) Satan has many tricks by which men are deceived and led into paths that end in hell. ...
1 Timothy 3:7 (a) Satan is always making plans and schemes to destroy GOD's people and especially the leaders of GOD's people. These devices of the Devil are compared to snares and traps of Satan
Demon - ' This latter word is used only in the singular, referring to the devil — Satan; but there are many demons. " This was a device of Satan, that God could be worshipped through the agency of demons or demi-gods. The Lord interpreted this to mean 'Satan casting out Satan;' by which we learn that the demons were the agents of Satan; and that Satan as a strong man had to be bound before his kingdom could be assailed
Hymenaeus - Name of a fellow worker of Paul whose faith weakened and whose life-style changed, leading Paul to deliver him to Satan (1 Timothy 1:20 )
Security - Any efforts to have the bond cancelled were unsuccessful; hence the reference to the hindrance by Satan (1 Thessalonians 2:18 )
Omega - Before all the church's foes, Satan, the beast, and the false prophet; and about to be after they are no more as a power (Hebrews 13:8)
Vail - Isaiah 25:7 (b) This is typical of the blindness which Satan has brought over the minds and hearts of the Gentile nations
Sardine, Sardius, - It was one of the stones that covered the king of Tyrus (doubtless portraying Satan before his fall)
Abaddon - ' It is perhaps not so much one of the names of Satan, as his character personified
Belial - In later times the name Belial denoted the devil: "What concord hath Christ with Belial?" ...
2 Corinthians 6:15 ; for as the word literally imports "one who will do no one good," the positive sense of a doer of evil was applied to Satan, who is the author of evil, and, eminently, "the Evil One
Beelzebub - A name of contempt applied to Satan, the prince of the evil angels
Baptismal Vows - According to the Roman Ritual, three questions are addressed to the person to be baptized: "Dost thou renounce Satan? And all his works? And all his pomps?" To each of these the person or his sponsor replies "I do renounce
lu'Cifer - Jerome downward, to Satan in his fall from heaven arises probably from the fact that the Babylonian empire is in Scripture represented as the type of tyrannical and self idolizing power, and especially connected with the empire of the Evil One in the Apocalypse
Eve - However, she too readily listened to the temptations of Satan and is blamed for leading Adam into sin (Genesis 3:1-7; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:13-15; see ADAM)
Fight - ...
1 Corinthians 9:26 (a) By this strong word, Paul describes his resistance to sin, to Satan and to the world. He would battle with Satan, and in every possible way win the victory through CHRIST
Fiery - ...
Ephesians 6:16 (a) Here is a picture of the fierce attacks which Satan will make on GOD's people by the malicious tongues of his followers, and by persecution. ...
1 Peter 4:12 (a) By this is indicated the time of suffering and persecution that awaits GOD's people from Satan and his followers
Armour - ...
Luke 11:22 (b) In this place the armor represents Satan's devices, arguments and reasonings which he gives to his children in order to keep them from being touched by the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of GOD. Satan fills his followers with his own line of reasonings to keep them from becoming Christians. The Lord JESUS and the Holy Spirit who are stronger than Satan take away this armor and make way for the truth of GOD to enter the soul of the sinner. The Christian should walk in the light of the Word of GOD in order to defeat Satan
Philadelphia - To Smyrna the promise is, "the synagogue of Satan" should not prevail against her faithful ones; to Philadelphia, she should even win over some of "the synagogue of Satan," (the Jews who might have been the church of God, but by opposition had become "the synagogue of Satan") to "fall on their faces and confess God is in her of a truth" (1 Corinthians 14:25)
Judas Iscariot - Satan knew the covetousness of Judas and put it into his heart to betray the Lord for money, which he did for thirty pieces of silver. Satan afterwards, as the Adversary, took possession of him to insure the success of the betrayal. He was a complete dupe of Satan, who first tempted him to gain the money, and then would not let him keep it
Jezebel - Further, this Jezebel taught what she and her followers called ‘the deep things,’ to which the author sardonically adds ‘of Satan. The apocalyptic writer, however, is more concerned here with the opposite depths-those of Satan. Thus in Revelation 2:9 he speaks of the false Jews in Smyrna who formed a synagogue of Satan. In Revelation 2:13 he says that Satan had his throne at Pergamum. In Revelation 3:9 Philadelphia is charged with harbouring a synagogue of Satan. That the depths of Satan are Gnostic doctrines is clear from Iren
Ransom - Man was the slave of Satan, sold under sin
Devil - ) The Evil One; Satan, represented as the tempter and spiritual of mankind
Chain - ...
Revelation 20:1 (b) GOD's commandments restrict, prohibit, and defeat Satan and are compared to links that form a chain for his utter punishment
Accuser - The Hebrew word for accuser is “Satan” (compare Psalm 109:6 in various translations)
Antichrist - Some believe he will be an incarnation of Satan and as such will be able to deceive many
Alexander - One in the church who having made shipwreck of faith was by Paul delivered unto Satan that he might learn not to blaspheme
Serpent - An emblem of Satan and sin
Phile'Tus - The delivering over unto Satan
Conversion - People are converted when they turn from darkness to light, from Satan to God, from dead idols to the living Christ (Acts 15:3; Acts 26:18; 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10; cf
Mani - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad angels who seek to destroy the work of God. Man's spirit is from God and therefore good, his body from Satan and therefore evil
Manichaeism - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad angels who seek to destroy the work of God. Man's spirit is from God and therefore good, his body from Satan and therefore evil
Manichaeus - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad angels who seek to destroy the work of God. Man's spirit is from God and therefore good, his body from Satan and therefore evil
Satan - The distinct personality of Satan and his activity among men are thus obviously recognized. Satan has the "power of death," not as lord, but simply as executioner
Manichaeism - Briefly these teachings are a dual principle of creation, the one good and from God, the other evil and from an antagonistic power, namely Satan and the bad angels who seek to destroy the work of God. Man's spirit is from God and therefore good, his body from Satan and therefore evil
Fall, the - ...
Satan and evil were also present in the cosmos but neither had influence in it. Satan, having been a powerful and influential administrative archangel, had rebelled against God. Satan, undoubtedly very envious of Adam and Eve whom God had given the role of vicegerents in the cosmic kingdom, sought to become the sovereign ruler. ...
Satan, with his wisdom and abilities, confronted Eve using a serpent whose cunning ways Satan was able to use to his advantage. Satan led Eve to doubt God's goodness, truthfulness, reliability, and honor. " The added comment revealed Eve's uncertainty about herselfwhat would she do if she came near it and touched it?...
Satan attacked God directly by contradicting him, saying Adam and Eve would not die and that God knew they would become as he was (3:4-5). Satan transformed human honor, desire, and dignity, all God-given qualities, into dishonor, greed, and pride. ...
First, God declared that enmity was to exist between Satan and the seed of the woman. This enmity would be expressed in an abiding antithesis between Satan's dominion and the cosmic kingdom of God. The Satanic dominion and its participants would be crushed. ...
Third, while an absolute curse was pronounced upon Satan and his dominion, a mitigated curse was pronounced on Eve. ...
God revealed that although his wisdom, love, goodness, integrity, sovereignty, and majesty had been assaulted by Satan and violated by Adam and Eve, in his infinite compassion and with his unsurpassing power and authority he would destroy Satan and his dominion
Belial - ) As Satan is opposed to God, Antichrist to Christ, so Belial standing here in contrast to Christ must denote all anti-Christian pollutions personified
Easter Even - To the disciples it was a day of mourningafter an absent Master, but the Church of the Resurrection seesalready the triumph of the Lord over Satan and Death
Flat - That one who is unable to distinguish between what is from GOD and what is from Satan, what is right in the sight of GOD, and what is unscriptural, what is true and what is false, cannot be a servant of GOD, for he would not know GOD's truth from Satan's deceiving lies
Blindness - ...
2 Corinthians 4:4 (b) This is a picture of the effect that Satan produces on the minds of people when he presents to them false teachings, erroneous doctrines, and baseless theories
Traitor, - In 2 Timothy 3:4 some having a form of godliness are thus designated, the reference may be to secret agents of Satan who betrayed the saints
Leviathan - In Isaiah 27:1 it also typifies Satan: "leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent," whom God will punish
Victory - Satan is the enemy of God’s people, but Christians can be assured of victory over him because of Christ’s victory over him (Luke 4:1-13; Luke 10:18; Revelation 12:7-11; see Satan; TEMPTATION). Because of Satan’s power in the world, Christians have a conflict with the world and its evil ways, but again through faith in Christ they are guaranteed victory (Romans 8:35-37; James 4:4; 1 John 2:15; 1 John 5:19; see WORLD)
Fir (Tree) - ...
Isaiah 14:8 (b) Probably this refers to the millennial time when Satan will be cast down and will be unable to bring trouble on the earth. So these leaders may rejoice in peace when Satan is cast out of the earth and chained for the thousand years
Temptation - Satan, not God, is the one who tempts people to do wrong (Genesis 3:1-6; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 11:3; Ephesians 4:27; Ephesians 6:11; 1 Peter 5:8-9). In fact, the absence of sin in Jesus was the reason Satan attacked him all the more. Satan had tempted the sinless Adam, and now he tempted the sinless Jesus. Satan has many cunning methods, and people can easily get caught in his trap (2 Corinthians 2:11; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; 1 Timothy 6:9). It is a battle against the evil powers of Satan (Ephesians 6:10-12)
Lion - Sometimes it represents Satan. ...
1 Chronicles 11:22 (c) This may be used as a type of Satan. So our Saviour with everything against Him overcame Satan at Calvary when it seemed as though He could not possibly come out of the conflict a victor. ...
1 Peter 5:8 (a) Satan is thus described. Satan is never satisfied
Dragon - , and is there used metaphorically of "Satan
Dragon - In the Apocalypse, 12, the chieftain of the host of fallen angels fights with Michael and his angels, and the dragon is defeated, "that old serpent who is called the devil and Satan
Roar, Roaring - ...
A — 2: ὠρύομαι (Strong's #5612 — Verb — oruomai — o-roo'-om-ahee ) "to howl" or "roar," onomatopoeic, of animals or men, is used of a lion, 1 Peter 5:8 , as a simile of Satan
Accuser - Satan is styled the "accuser of the brethren" (Revelation 12:10
Sinners: Madness of - ' Thus to the letter do ungodly men rush at the baits of Satan; they see others perish, but remain careless, and even when they are all but destroyed themselves they persist in their infatuation
Watchfulness - We are to watch against the insinuations of Satan; the allurements of the world; the deceitfulness of our hearts; the doctrines of the erroneous; and, indeed, against every thing that would prove inimical to our best interests
Balm - The words of GOD which bring comfort and hope are for mending the wounds which sin and Satan make
Smyrna - Christian writers have often pointed out in connection with the allusion to "the synagogue of Satan" in Revelation 2:9 , the eagerness with which the Jews sought to aid in the martyrdom of Polycarp
Goliath - He was a type of Satan, too strong for any to conquer except the one in the power of Jehovah, David being a type of the Lord Jesus
Darkness - Empire of Satan
Serpent - Genesis 3:1 (a) This is a type of Satan for he is so described in Revelation 12:9
Devil - Job 1:6 (a) (Satan). As a mighty commander-in-chief of all evil forces Satan was and is permitted to come before GOD to accuse the believers. Somehow the GOD of Heaven has permitted Satan to have pretty much his own way in the lives of individuals and in the affairs of nations
Devil - He is called Satan 39 times; Beelzebub, the prince of the demons, 7 times. The time is coming, and may be near at hand, when "the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil and Satan," shall be bound for a thousand years, "that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that he must be loosed a little season. "And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison and shall go out to deceive the nations
the Angel of the Church in Pergamos - But with all those intellectual and artistic attractions filling every part of his parish, after the minister of Pergamos had this Epistle sent to him, all the rest of his days in Pergamos he would have neither time nor thought nor taste for anything else but for this, that Satan had his seat in Pergamos. For to be told, and that on such absolute authority, that while Satan had his colonies and his dependencies and his outposts in Ephesus, and in Smyrna, and in Thyatira, yet that his very citadel and stronghold was in Pergamos,-that must have been an awful revelation to the responsible pastor of Pergamos. Pergamos is Satan's very capital, said this Epistle to the overwhelmed minister of Pergamos. The evil of our own hearts and the devices of Satan cut us out work enough. To what purpose do I boast of retirement, when I am myself possessed of Satan's legions in every place? My mind, even at Olney, is a perfect puppet-show, a Vanity Fair, an absolute Newgate itself. And what so greatly interests those three commentators in Pergamos is this, that they see from this Epistle to the minister of Pergamos that Satan really had his seat in that minister's own heart, just as that same seat is in their own heart. For Satan, if he is anything, is a spirit. Satan dwells not in temples made with hands, either in Pergamos, or in Olney, or in Edinburgh, but only in the spirits of men; and, most of all, in the spirits of ministers, as this Epistle teaches us, and as all the best commentators tell us it teaches us. Satan is like the King of Syria at the battle of Ramoth-Gilead. " And Satan is right. For let a minister but succeed in his own battle against Satan, let a minister but "overcome," as our Lord's word is in every one of these ministerial Epistles, and his whole congregation will soon begin to share in the spoils of their minister's victory. ...
Thus Satan trembles when he seesA minister upon his knees. O poor and much-to-be-pitied ministers! With Satan concentrating all his fiery darts upon you, with the deep-sunken pillars of his seat not yet dug out of your hearts, with all his thirty-two captains fighting day and night for the remnants of their master's power within you, and all the time, a far greater than Satan running you through and through with that terrible sword of His till there is not a sound spot in you-O most forlorn and afflicted of all men! O most bruised in your mind, and most broken in your heart, of all men! Pity your ministers, my brethren, and put up with much that you cannot as yet understand or sympathise with in them. And just as no man knoweth the misery of that heart in which Satan still has his seat but the miserable owner of that heart, so only God Himself will know with them the new name that He will give to His holy ones on that day
Blasphemy - The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost was attributing the Lord's action of casting out demons to the agency of Satan — a sin which should not be forgiven in this age nor in the age to come
Eschatology - Eschatological subjects include the Resurrection, Resurrection, the Rapture, the Tribulation, the Millennium, the Binding of Satan, the Three witnesses, the Final Judgment, Armageddon, and The New Heavens and the New Earth
Spoil - ...
Christ "spoiled" principalities and powers when by his atoning work he triumphed over Satan and his hosts, and deprived them of their power to injure his people, Colossians 2:15
Angels - ...
Good and bad angels...
At some time before the creation of humans, some of the angels, under the leadership of one who became known as Satan, rebelled against God and so fell from their original sinless state (2 Peter 2:4; Judges 1:6). Christ has angels and so has Satan (Job 4:18; Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:41; Judges 1:9; Revelation 12:7-9). Even the chief of the evil angels, Satan, is no more than a created being under the authority of God. Satan and the evil angels who follow him can do their evil work only within the limits that God allows (Job 1:12; Job 2:6; see Satan)
Abaddon - In Revelation 9:11 personified as the destroyer, Greek, apolluon , "the angel of the bottomless pit," Satan is meant; for he is described in Revelation 9:1 as "a star fallen from heaven unto earth, to whom was given the key of the bottomless pit"; and Revelation 12:8-9,12: "Woe to the inhabiters of the earth, for the devil is come down. As king of the locusts, that had power to torment not kill (Revelation 9:3-11), Satan is permitted to afflict but not to touch life; so in the case of Job (Job 1-2). Jesus unites Hebrew and Gentiles in a common salvation; Satan combines both in a common "destruction
Christ: the Preacher's Theme - Satan trembles at nothing but the cross: at this he does tremble; and if we would destroy his power, and extend that holy and benevolent kingdom, which is righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, it must be by means of the CROSS
Presumption: Rebuked by Trial - Spiritual presumption leads many professors to imagine that they are beyond the power of temptation, and are no longer such frail beings as their fellow Christians; let but the Lord conceal his face, or Satan assail them, and in their sore trouble they will discover that they are men of like passions with the rest
Perfume - ...
Proverbs 7:17 (c) It is always true that Satan makes lustful pleasures very attractive and appealing to the senses
Hell - The gates of hell, the power and policy of Satan and his instruments
Ceremonies of Baptism - A solemn exorcism is pronounced, to free the soul from the dominion of Satan. Then comes a renunciation of Satan with all his works and pomps, and an anointing is made with the Oil of Catechumens in the form of a cross on the child's breast and back, signifying the open profession of the faith of Christ and the patient bearing of life's burdens
Hymenaeus - "Having put away a good conscience," and so "concerning faith having made shipwreck" (for when one's faith does not better his morals, his moral defects will corrupt his faith), therefore "delivered (by Paul) to Satan to learn not to blaspheme" (1 Timothy 1:20). Satan is lord of all outside the church (Acts 26:18); he, by God's permission, afflicts saints and executes wrath on the disobedient (1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 12:7; Ephesians 4:27; Job 1:2)
Perfect - Genesis 6:9 Noah was perfect in obedience...
Genesis 17:1 Abraham was perfect in trust...
Job 1:1 Job was perfect in uprightness...
Ezekiel 28:15 Satan was perfect in his actions at that time...
Matthew 5:48 The Christian is to be perfect in forgiveness of others...
Matthew 19:21 The Christian is to be perfect in devotion to CHRIST...
Luke 6:40 The Christian is to be perfect in discipleship...
Luke 13:32 CHRIST was perfect in His training course on earth...
John 17:23 The Christian is to be perfect in his relationship to GOD...
1 Corinthians 2:6 The Christian is to be perfect in understanding...
2 Corinthians 13:11 The Christian is to be perfect in fellowship...
Ephesians 4:13 The Christian is to be perfect in his development...
Philippians 3:15 The Christian is to be perfect in his efforts and desires...
Colossians 1:28 The Christian is perfect in salvation...
Colossians 4:12 The Christian is to be perfect in obedience...
2 Timothy 3:17 The Christian is to be perfect in instruction...
Hebrews 2:10 CHRIST is perfect in His experience ( 5:9)...
Hebrews 12:23 The Christian is perfect in the culmination...
James 1:4 The Christian is to be perfect in patience...
James 3:2 The Christian is to be perfect in conversation...
1 Peter 5:10 The Christian is to be perfect in his training...
The word "perfect" as it pertains to the Christian always refers to the subject under consideration. The word is used in the Old Testament, Isaiah 42:19 in regard to the attitude of GOD's child toward temptation, the call of the world, and the attractions which Satan offers
Fowl - Genesis 15:11 (c) These are a type of Satan and his angels who are always enemies of any sacrifice for sin, and especially for any types or shadows of Calvary. Satan was defeated at the Cross, and he ever tries to get men's minds to be occupied with every other kind of remedy for sin, except the one remedy of the Blood. In this particular case, Satanic powers wanted to hide from Israel the value of GOD's preserving care, and His rich provision for their needs
Baptism, Ceremonies of - A solemn exorcism is pronounced, to free the soul from the dominion of Satan. Then comes a renunciation of Satan with all his works and pomps, and an anointing is made with the Oil of Catechumens in the form of a cross on the child's breast and back, signifying the open profession of the faith of Christ and the patient bearing of life's burdens
Bondage - They are said to be in bondage to sin, to Satan, to their own consciences, to the law of God, to the justice of God, to the fear of death, and eternal judgment
Agnus Dei - The prayers used by the pope in blessing it show that it is intended as a protection against Satan, sickness, tempests, temptations, and sudden death, and for women expecting motherhood
Savour - It did not come from GOD, but came evidently from Satan
Lion - Satan also has a kingdom and is called a strong one, Matthew 12:26 ; and he is the 'lion' seeking whom he may devour
Conversion - Conversion, considered theologically, consists in a renovation of the heart and life, or a being turned from sin and the power of Satan unto God, Acts 26:18 ; and is produced by the influence of divine grace upon the soul
Devil - A fallen angel; and particularly the chief of them, the devil, or Satan. ...
His name signifies the calumniator, or false accuser; as the Hebrew Satan means the adversary. " The Bible applies the other word only to Satan-"the devil", and his angels, who are like their leader in nature and in actions
Buffeting - The word also came to imply a meaning of general ill-usage or persecution, and, as such, occurs in 1 Corinthians 4:11, 2 Corinthians 12:7 (‘a thorn in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to buffet me’), 1 Peter 2:20; cf
Soldier - Christians are often likened to soldiers who have to clothe themselves with armour to fight against the evil forces of Satan (2 Corinthians 10:3-4; Ephesians 6:10-18; see ARMOUR; WEAPONS)
Inventions - There is no harm in the things themselves; but if they foster the pride of man, and divert him from God, they become the instruments of Satan
Prison - Hence the Lord Jesus is said to be come to open the prison doors, and to bring sinners from the captivity of sin and Satan
Crooked - Job 26:13 (c) This word probably describes the wicked, cruel ways of Satan
Scorpion - Common in the Sinai wilderness, typifying Satan and his malicious agents against the Lord's people (Deuteronomy 8:15; Ezekiel 2:6; Luke 10:19)
Graven Image - The Gentile also, led on by Satan, made his own god, and worshipped it, turning his eyes away from God's 'eternal power and divinity' which are manifest in His works
Wheat - In the parable it is used by the Lord as representing the children of the kingdom, the fruit of the good seed that He was sowing on the earth, in contrast to the tares, or darnel, which Satan secretly sowed among the good seed
Messenger - 1: ἄγγελος (Strong's #32 — Noun Masculine — angelos — ang'-el-os ) "a messenger, an angel, one sent," is translated "messenger," of John the Baptist, Matthew 11:10 ; Mark 1:2 ; Luke 7:27 ; in the plural, of John's "messengers," Luke 7:24 ; of those whom Christ sent before Him when on His journey to Jerusalem, Luke 9:52 ; of Paul's "thorn in the flesh," "a messenger of Satan," 2 Corinthians 12:7 ; of the spies as received by Rahab, James 2:25
Bondman, Bondmaid - , Romans 1:1 , the Apostle Paul intimates (1) that he had been formerly a "bondslave" of Satan, and (2) that, having been bought by Christ, he was now a willing slave, bound to his new Master
Lion - 1: λέων (Strong's #3023 — Noun Masculine — leon — leh-ohn' ) occurs in 2 Timothy 4:17 , probably figurative of the imminent peril of death, the figure being represented by the whole phrase, not by the word "lion" alone; some suppose the reference to be to the lions of the amphitheater; the Greek commentators regarded the "lion" as Nero; others understand it to be Satan
Per'Gamos - ( Revelation 1:11 ; 2:12-17 ) It is called "Satan's seat" by John, which some suppose to refer to the worship of AEsculapius, from the serpent being his characteristic emblem. Others refer it to the persecutions of Christians, which was work of Satan
Blasphemy - The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, (Matthew 12:32 ; Mark 3:28 ) consisted in attributing to the power of Satan those unquestionable miracles which Jesus performed by "the finger of God" and the power of the Holy Spirit
Working - , "energy") is used (1) of the "power" of God, (a) in the resurrection of Christ, Ephesians 1:19 ; Colossians 2:12 , RV, "working" (AV, "operation"); (b) in the call and enduement of Paul, Ephesians 3:7 ; Colossians 1:29 ; (c) in His retributive dealings in sending "a working of error" (AV, "strong delusion") upon those under the rule of the Man of Sin who receive not the love of the truth, but have pleasure in unrighteousness, 2 Thessalonians 2:11 ; (2) of the "power" of Christ (a) generally, Philippians 3:21 ; (b) in the church, individually, Ephesians 4:16 ; (3) of the power of Satan in energizing the Man of Sin in his "parousia," 2 Thessalonians 2:9 , "coming
Enemy - ...
The Bible speaks of enemies other than one’s fellow human beings; for example, Satan, death and evil spiritual forces
Christ: the Soul's Only Defence - Satan is thy cruel foe; wouldst thou not escape from him? Thy poverty cannot protect thee, for sin can stoop to the poor man's level and devour him in the cottage, and drag him to hell from a hovel. Thy riches are no security, for Satan can make these a snare to thee, and if thou shouldst mount so high, the bird of prey can follow thee and rend thee in pieces! The busy world with all its cares cannot shelter thee, for here it is that the great enemy is most at home; he is the prince of this world, and seizes men who find their joys therein as easily as a kite lays hold upon a sparrow
Michael - Deuteronomy 34:6 ), when he disputed with Satan, who claimed the body by reason of the murder of the Egyptian ( Exodus 2:12 ). ...
In the NT Michael is found fighting in heaven (Revelation 12:7 ) against the dragon, ‘him that is called the devil and Satan,’ and is typical of the warfare which is the special work of the Church on earth
Red - ...
Revelation 12:3 (a) This animal is a type of Satan, the man of sin, who is all evil, sinful and wicked. Satan has not yet been cast out of Heaven
Bruise - Genesis 3:15 (b) This prophecy informs us that Satan would succeed in wounding the Lord JESUS which he did at Calvary. ...
Romans 16:20 (a) This expression is used to inform us that GOD will enable His people to keep Satan in subjection, although we are not able to destroy him
Lion - ...
Finally, the lion figure is expansive enough in its manifold facets to suggest its application to Satan. Here Satan is portrayed as both frightening his prey and silently stalking it to devour it. Huttar...
See also God ; Messiah ; Satan ...
Bibliography
Belial, Beliar - ]'>[3] (but not the Vulgate) read ‘Beliar’ rather than ‘Belial’ (Peshiṭta ‘Satan,’ but the Ḥarklensian Syriac ‘Beliar’), the word is used as a proper name = Satan, or else Antichrist, Satan’s representative. 100?) is identified with Satan
Saturninus - He and his company were in constant warfare with Satan and a company of evil angels. ...
Saturninus ascribed the Jewish prophecies, some to the creator angels and some to Satan. These do not ascribe any of the prophecies to Satan, but Irenaeus (§ 11) gives the scheme according to which they distributed them among the several angels
Excommunication - 1 Corinthians 5:4 shows a formal assembly met ‘in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ’ to deliver one guilty of incest unto Satan, for the destruction of the flesh. 1 Timothy 1:20 , where Hymenæus and Alexander are delivered to Satan , that they may be taught not to blaspheme). The phrase ‘lest an advantage should he gained over us by Satan’ ( 2 Corinthians 2:11 ) refers to the term of excommunication which St. Paul wished to end, lest the punishment should defeat its end and lead to ruin instead of recovery, and so Satan should hold what was only, metaphorically speaking, lent to him to hurt
Devil - (Greek: diabolos, slanderer, accuser, or traducer) ...
The word is used as a name for a fallen angel or evil spirit, especially for the chief of the rebellious angels, Lucifer or Satan (Matthew 25)
Blasphemy - Others regard the expression as designating the sin of attributing to the power of Satan those miracles which Christ performed, or generally those works which are the result of the Spirit's agency
Gog And Magog - In Revelation 20:8 , Gog and Magog appear together in parallel construction as forces fighting for Satan after his 1,000 year bondage
Prince - Satan is often described as “the prince of this world” (John 12:31 ; John 14:30 ; John 16:11 ; compare Matthew 9:34 ; Matthew 12:24 ; Ephesians 2:2 )
Lucifer - From a supposed reference in Luke 10:18 and Revelation 9:1-11 to this passage in Isaiah, the name ‘Lucifer’ came to be used synonymously with ‘Satan
Temptations - Sister, if you are very busy, Satan may tempt you, but he will not easily prevail, and he will soon give up the attempt
Oods - Matthew 12:29 (a) This figure is used to describe the unsaved, the ungodly, the non-Christian who are in the grasp of Satan, and are described by JESUS Himself as "children of the Devil. They can only be released from Satan's chains by the power of the Lord JESUS CHRIST through His Gospel, and by the convicting power of the Holy Spirit
Archer - They were instruments of Satan to prevent the execution of GOD's plans
Babylonians - These tablets, made thousands of years ago, now reveal how Satan succeeded in keeping the Babylonians completely under his dominion
Bottomless Pit - From the passages in the Revelation we learn that the abyss is where the Satanic powers are shut up, not where they will be punished, which is in the lake of fire. Satan will be confined in the abyss during the thousand years of the millennium
Beelzebub, - He also denounces the dreadful blasphemy of saying that the work done by the Holy Spirit was accomplished by the influence of Satan: this blasphemy against the Holy Spirit was the sin that should never be forgiven
Affliction - It is sin that has brought in the misery, and man, by becoming the willing servant of Satan, has put himself into the hands of his enemy
Baalzebub (Beelzebub) - Such an interpretation would account for the variation in spelling, and for its application to Satan, whose realm was called ‘the house’ par excellence among the Jews of the NT period
Dragon - , as applied metaphorically to "the old serpent, called the devil, and Satan
Devil, Devlish - 1: διάβολος (Strong's #1228 — Adjective — diabolos — dee-ab'-ol-os ) "an accuser, a slanderer" (from diaballo, "to accuse, to malign"), is one of the names of Satan. From it the English word "Devil" is derived, and should be applied only to Satan, as a proper name
Brother - Christians are children of GOD, while the unsaved are children of Satan. ...
Matthew 5:22 (b) The teaching evidently is that if any person should mock at or scoff at a Christian who is seeking to live a separated life, and thereby fulfill GOD's will, that person is in danger of eternal punishment because he sides in with Satan and takes sides against GOD
Heaven - It is the place of angelic power, 'the principalities and powers in the heavenly places' being angelic, Satan and his angels, though fallen, still being among them. ...
That there are various heavens is evident; Satan cannot have entrance into the glory, and Paul speaks of being caught up into the third heavens, 2 Corinthians 12:2 ; and the Lord Jesus passed through the heavens, and we read of 'the heaven of heavens
Way - ...
Proverbs 14:12 (a) Satan is very clever in devising a path of life that seems to be the right way to Heaven. Every false religion teaches one of the ways of Satan
Eve - In her reply to Satan she attenuates God's gracious permission ("of every tree of the garden thou mayest FREELY eat"; "we may eat of every tree"), she exaggerates the one simple prohibition ("thou shalt not eat of it," and "thou shalt surely (she leaves out the "surely") die "; "ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die"), and omits the certainty of the penalty. Unbelief toward God, credulity towards Satan. Satan began with "the weaker vessel. So, the woman is sentenced next after Satan, and Adam is sentenced last
Idolatry - ...
The secret of all the abominations in idolatry is, that Satan is the grand mover of it. Satan being the real promoter of it all, he knows how to lead a poor unintelligent heathen to be satisfied with an imaginary fetish; the Greeks and Romans to be pleased with their stately statues; and the Brahmins and Hindus to pride themselves in their superior and refined mysticism. Satan has also succeeded in introducing into the professing church the worship of the Virgin Mary and of the saints
Hymenaeus - Paul says that he ‘delivered’ the offenders ‘unto Satan, that they might be taught not to blaspheme’; he uses a similar phrase of the incestuous Corinthian ( 1 Corinthians 5:5 ), there also expressing the purpose of the punishment, the salvation of the man’s spirit
Throne - So in Revelation 2:13 Satan mimics Christ's "throne
Sufferings of Christ - If the infirmities of our nature; if the weight of our sins; if the malice of men; if the machinations of Satan; if the hand of God, could make him suffer, our Saviour suffered
Advantage - Lest Satan should get an advantage of us, (or over us
Hid - Satan blinds the minds so that the unbeliever makes wrong conclusions concerning GOD's Word, and GOD's will
Conversion - The Lord, knowing that he would fall under the sifting of Satan, said, "When thou art converted strengthen thy brethren;" that is, when he had returned in contrition, or been restored
Forehead - So, in a future day the servants of God will have His mark in their foreheads; Satan will also cause his followers to have a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads
Sower, Sowing - Notwithstanding the influence of Satan to hinder any seed taking root, some fell upon good ground (not good by nature, but prepared by God), and fruit was the result
Christ - (Matthew 5:17), to destroy the works of Satan (Hebrews 2:14; 1 John 3:8), and to give life (John 10:10; Joh 10:28)
Trinity - Satan will have an imitation of the Trinity in the Roman beast, the false prophet, and himself
Liberty - The liberty obtained by Christ for those that were captives of Satan
Darkness - It characterises Satan and his agents
Belial - In the period between the OT and the NT it came to be a proper name for Satan
Rebuke - The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan
Satan - "By collecting the passages, " says Cruden, "where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be observed, that he fell from heaven with all his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that, by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils, came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over his subordinates, over apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets, seducers, and heretics; that it is he, or some of his, that torment or possess men; that inspire them with evil designs, as he did David, when he suggested to him to number his people; to Judas, to betray his Lord and Master; and to Ananias and Sapphira, to conceal the price of their field. More particularly as to the temptations of Satan. ...
See Gilpin on Temptation; Brooks on Satan's Devices; Bishop Porteus's Sermons, vol
Excommunication - ...
Christian excommunication is commanded by Christ (Matthew 18:15-18); so 1 Timothy 1:20; 1 Corinthians 5:11; Titus 3:10; "delivering unto Satan" means casting out of the church, Christ's kingdom of light, into the world that lieth in the wicked one, the kingdom of Satan and darkness (Colossians 1:13; Ephesians 6:12; Acts 26:18; 1 John 5:19). Temporary affliction often leads to permanent salvation (Psalms 83:16); Satan's temporary triumph is overruled "to
Sleep (And Forms) - Satan very cleverly gets into schools with evil doctrines, because the authorities are not on the alert to catch destructive teachings. Satan gets his wicked devices in churches, because the leaders are not awake and careful to discern his tactics
Demoniacs - ...
It has been argued that the persons said to be possessed were really lunatics, who imagined they were possessed; and to meet that fancy the Lord spoke to the supposed spirit and told it to come out! But this is simply an effort to deny the power of Satan and his emissaries over man, and also God's power in the miracles. The case of Judas Iscariot was somewhat different, inasmuch as it was Satan himself that entered into that wretched man
Joshua - He is also referred to as representing the people, clothed with filthy garments, and Satan standing as his enemy. Jehovah rebuked Satan, for He had chosen Jerusalem
Judgment - The use of the judgment terminology in connection with the defeat of Satan is important, for it shows that this was no arbitrary happening. Nor did it mean simply that God is stronger than Satan. That is true, but the manner in which Satan was defeated was righteous
Divination - ' This was beyond mere human power, and certainly the magicians did not work by the power of God; it must therefore have been by the power of Satan. ' Satan can suggest what incantations to employ, if man is willing, and can exercise his powers as far as permitted by God. Behind all this we know there were demons who controlled the results given, so as to work out the purposes of Satan. Of course Satan can do nothing without God's permission, but it must be remembered that it is Satan that had the power of death, Hebrews 2:14 ; and both Hades and Death, as powers of Satan, will eventually be cast into the lake of fire. ...
The above is a brief glance at the subtle power of Satan in the unseen world, by which he deludes mankind, at least where man is the willing victim. Is it not clear that divination should not be confounded with mere jugglery? However much that may be associated with it, the real power of Satan is behind it. It is important to see that this power is of Satan, because of thegreat increase in the present day of attempting to have intercourse with the spirits of the dead, to which even Christians may be, and indeed have been, drawn out of mere curiosity
Dumb - Individuals have no song while they are oppressed with sin, and are servants of Satan
Morsel - Moth - ...
Isaiah 14:12 (b) The word is used in this place to describe the bright glories in the pre-earth days, when Satan was one of GOD's chief angels, clothed in the glory of Heaven, and living gorgeously in the light of GOD
Mustard Seed - The teaching of the parable is that the kingdom of God would become elevated in the earth and suitable for emissaries of Satan to find protection under its shadow
Thessalonians, Epistle to the 1 And 2 - This, he shows, must be preceded by the career of "the man of sin," "the son of peredition," "whose coming is after the working of Satan, with all power and signs and lying wonders;" who usurps divine authority over the church, and "opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God
Contend - , "to separate throughout or wholly" (dia, "asunder," krino, "to judge," from a root kri---, meaning "separation"), then, to distinguish, decide, signifies, in the Middle Voice, "to separate oneself from, or to contend with," as did the circumcisionists with Peter, Acts 11:2 ; as did Michael with Satan, Jude 1:9
Michael - Certainly the Angel of Jehovah, or Jehovah the Second Person, in pleading for Joshua the high priest representing the Jewish church, uses the same rebuke to Satan as Michael does in Judges 1:9; Zechariah 3:1-5. "...
"Michael when contending with the devil about the body of Moses (which Jehovah buried, but which was probably translated shortly afterward, for 'no man knoweth of his sepulchre'; hence, he appeared in a body, as did Elijah, at the transfiguration; Satan, the accuser of the brethren, probably opposed his translation on the ground of his sins, but Michael contended with him and prevailed) durst not (from reverence to Satan's former dignity, Daniel 10:8) bring against him a railing accusation, but said The Lord rebuke thee
Thorns Thistles - Paul writes that he has been given a ‘stake for the flesh-the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. Paul elsewhere (Romans 6:6; Romans 8:13) recognizes the need for mortifying or crucifying the flesh, while in 1 Corinthians 5:5, as here, he alludes to Satan’s derived power for inflicting pain and suffering, a power which Satan, however, is impelled to use for the accomplishment of man’s ultimate salvation
Demon - Other possible examples include the seven demons expelled from Mary Magdalene (Luke 8:1-2 ), Jesus' rebuke of Satan's suggestion through Peter (Matthew 16:23 ; Mark 8:33 ), and his command to Judas after Satan had entered him (John 13:27 ). ...
Jesus came to set Satan's captives free (Matthew 12:22-29 ; Luke 4:18-21 ), and in all of his dealing with the demonized he demonstrated compassion for the people and authority over the spirits. He healed (therapeuo [ Matthew 4:24 ; 10:22 ; 17:16 ; Luke 6:18 ; 7:21 ; 8:2 ; 13:14 ), a word used of healing the sick (lame, blind, mute, maimed, deaf) as well as the demonized and even of Satanic healing. Its use implied that the restoration of demoniacs was on the same level of ministry as other types of healing, all of which showed Christ's mastery over Satan and sin. Jesus also healed (iaomai [ Luke 6:19 ; under the power of Satan ), including the Canaanite woman's daughter (Matthew 15:28 ) and the young boy (Luke 9:42 ). This is also seen in the emphasis on deception as a tool of Satan and his demons. Though there can be no certainty as to how this buffeting was manifested, we do know that an "angel of Satan" caused it and that Paul could not remove it through prayer. Evidence in favor of the demonization of believers includes the statements of our need to know Satan's schemes (2 Corinthians 2:11 ) so that he will not gain a foothold on us (Ephesians 4:26-27 ), the reality of demonic attack against believers (2Col 11:3; 12:7; 1618451854_41 ), and the commands to resist him (James 4:7 ; 1618451854_56 ). No one should doubt that Satan and his demons are able to influence Christians; the question is whether that influence can result in demonization. Further evidence in favor of the possibility of believers being demonized are the instances of Saul's torment from an evil spirit (1 Samuel 16:14-23 ), the daughter of Abraham being bound by Satan for eighteen years (1618451854_80 ), and Ananias and Sapphira having their hearts "filled by Satan" (Acts 5:3 ). Thus, it is reasonable to conclude that Christians may be demonized and that the warnings to stand against Satan are not just to stop his attacks against the church or his control over those who do not believe. ...
Whatever our conclusion on demonization of believers, Christians clearly have the identity (being in Christ), the authority (being seated with Christ), and the mandate to resist Satan and his demons. As Christians we are to submit ourselves to God and resist the attacks of Satan and his hosts
Euphemitae, Praying People - Epiphanius also charges a section of the Euphemites with calling themselves Sataniani and worshipping Satan, thinking that by such service they might disarm his hostility
Belial (Beliar) - Paul as a name for Satan (personification of unclean heathenism, 2 Corinthians 6:15 ), the Greek text spelling it ‘Beliar’ (AV Unbelief - " The causes of unbelief are Satan, ignorance, pride, and sensuality
Salvation - With Christians it is the latter, as sin, death, the world and the power of Satan
Confound - So spake the Son of God and Satan stood a while as mute confounded what to say
Sanctification - Sanctification in this world must be complete; the whole nature must be sanctified, all sin must be utterly abolished, or the soul can never be admitted into the glorious presence of God, Hebrews 12:14 ; 1 Peter 1:15 ; Revelation 21:27 ; yet the saints, while here, are in a state of spiritual warfare with Satan and his temptations, with the world and its influence, 2 Corinthians 2:11 ; Galatians 5:17 ; Galatians 5:24 ; Romans 7:23 ; 1 John 2:15-16
Angel - 1: ἄγγελος (Strong's #32 — Noun Masculine — angelos — ang'-el-os ) "a messenger" (from angello, "to deliver a message"), sent whether by God or by man or by Satan, "is also used of a guardian or representative in Revelation 1:20 , cp
Occasion - " In the NT it occurs as follows: "(a) the Law provided sin with a base of operations for its attack upon the soul, Romans 7:8,11 ; (b) the irreproachable conduct of the Apostle provided his friends with a base of operations against his detractors, 2 Corinthians 5:12 ; (c) by refusing temporal support at Corinth he deprived these detractors of their base of operations against him, 2 Corinthians 11:12 ; (d) Christian freedom is not to provide a base of operations for the flesh, Galatians 5:13 ; (e) unguarded behavior on the part of young widows (and the same is true of all believers) would provide Satan with a base of operations against the faith, 1 Timothy 5:14
Throne - Hebrews 1:8 ; Revelation 3:21 (1st part); 22:3; His seat of authority in the Millennium, Matthew 19:28 (1st part); (c) by metonymy for angelic powers, Colossians 1:16 ; (d) of the Apostles in millennial authority, Matthew 19:28 (2nd part); Luke 22:30 ; (e) of the elders in the heavenly vision, Revelation 4:4 (2nd and 3rd parts), RV, "thrones" (AV, "seats"); so Revelation 11:16 ; (f) of David, Luke 1:32 ; Acts 2:30 ; (g) of Satan, Revelation 2:13 , RV, "throne" (AV, "seat"); (h) of "the beast," the final and federal head of the revived Roman Empire, Revelation 13:2 ; 16:10
Wonder - "Wonders" are manifested as Divine operations in thirteen occurrences (9 times in Acts); three times they are ascribed to the work of Satan through human agents, Matthew 24:24 ; Mark 13:22 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:9
Hymenaeus - ]'>[1] ) as one who had made shipwreck of the faith and, therefore, had been delivered to Satan. )...
The delivering of Hymenaeus and Alexander to Satan is to be understood as an excommunication from the fold of grace and safety, and a consequent transition into the world outside the Church where Satan has his throne-the world of suffering, disease, and death
Millennium - During that period Satan will be confined in the abyss, or bottomless pit. Satan must be confined, and the first resurrection must have taken place. And no sooner will Satan, released from his prison, go forth to deceive the nations, than he will be readily listened to
Sin (2) - To the consciousness of Jesus, Satan was present, not as a convenient personification of evil that became actual only in the individual wills of men, but as the author of sin, the person in whom evil has its spring, even as God is the fount of life. He had seen Satan fallen as lightning from heaven (Luke 10:18). Over against the Kingdom of God was the kingdom of Satan (Matthew 12:26-28; Matthew 16:27; Matthew 25:41, cf. Physical disease results from Satan’s bondage (Luke 13:16). And all opposition to the purpose of God is inspired by Satan (John 8:42-47). Even the chosen Twelve Satan had asked to have, that he might sift them as wheat (Luke 22:31). For the true unification between the normal and universal purpose of the gospel—the forgiveness of sins—and the occasional and particular accessories of it—exorcism and healing—lay not so much in the analogy between bodily disease and spiritual wickedness, as in the fact that both are the exercise of the one Satanic power within the usurped kingdom of evil. He was the shepherd bringing home the lost sheep dispersed upon the mountains (John 10:16); or, somewhat to vary the idea, the Redeemer coming into the world, not to judge it along with its prince, but to save it from the Evil One (John 3:17-18, John 12:31; Luke 4:18-190 John 17:15), and casting out the indwelling Satan by the finger or Spirit of God (Luke 11:20). Satan was a concrete fact. If at one time it was the Spirit of Jesus that suffered him not (Acts 16:7), at another Satan hindered him (1 Thessalonians 2:18). The thorn in the flesh was a messenger of Satan (2 Corinthians 12:7). If Messiah was to be manifested at the Parousia, Satan was also destined to be manifested in the Man of Sin (2 Thessalonians 2:3-11). To lapse from Christian conduct is to turn aside after Satan (1 John 5:4-59); to be separated from Christian fellowship is to be delivered to Satan (1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Timothy 1:20). Paul translation from the kingdom of Satan to the Kingdom of God (1618451854_83), is attested by the form in which he narrates before Agrippa the story of his commission as Apostle of the Gentiles (Acts 26:18). Paul’s general outlook on the spiritual world, can be none other than Satan, exercising, as captain of ‘spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places’ (Ephesians 6:12), not an external compulsion but an inward influence, not therefore impairing the responsible personalities that are indwelt
Devil - In the two first chapters of Job, it is the word in the Septuagint by which the Hebrew שטן , Satan, or adversary, is translated. Thus we say, indifferently, the devil, or Satan; only the latter has more the appearance of a proper name, as it is not attended with the article. In the old Testament, particularly in the first two chapters of Job, this evil spirit is called Satan; and in the New Testament, he is spoken of under various titles, which are also descriptive of his power and malignity; as for example, he is called, "the prince of this world," John 12:31 ; "the prince of the power of the air," Ephesians 2:2 ; "the god of this world," 2 Corinthians 4:4 ; "the dragon, that old serpent, the devil," Revelation 20:2 ; "the wicked one,"...
1 John 5:19 . Paul tells us, that in his day there were "false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ; and no wonder," says he, "for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light," 1618451854_3 . It is one of the serious circumstances of our probation on earth, that we should be exposed to this influence of Satan, and we are therefore called to "watch and pray that we enter not into temptation. They will not speak of Satan, nor even have his name mentioned. They say that it is just as improper for men to take a part in the dispute between God and a fallen angel, as for a peasant to ridicule and curse a servant of the pacha who has fallen into disgrace; that God did not require our assistance to punish Satan for his disobedience; it might happen that he might receive him into favour again; and then we must be ashamed before the judgment seat of God, if we had, uncalled for, abused one of his angels: it was therefore the best not to trouble one's self about the devil; but endeavour not to incur God's displeasure ourselves. When they offer eggs or butter to them for sale, they endeavour first to get the articles into their hands, and then dispute about the price, or for this or other reasons to abuse Satan with all their might; on which the Dauasin is often polite enough to leave every thing behind, rather than hear the devil abused
Gate - "The gates of hell" (RSV, "gates of Hades") Matthew 16:18 , are generally interpreted as meaning the power of Satan, but probably they may mean the power of death, denoting that the Church of Christ shall never die
Temptation - ...
Ordinarily, however, the word means solicitation to that which is evil, and hence Satan is called "the tempter" (Matthew 4:3 )
Quench - ...
Ephesians 6:16 (b) We learn from this expression that faith in our blessed Lord and His Word will enable us to conquer Satan and to defeat his purposes and designs
Prisoners - It may also refer to those who are Satan's slaves bound by sins, iniquities and habits. ...
Lamentations 3:34 (b) Probably these are those who are bound by Satan, by their habits, and by his seductive snares
Amalek - ...
Deuteronomy 25:17 (c) Here again Amalek is represented as a type of Satan and of the flesh, both of which attack GOD's people, especially when they are weak, weary and sick
Oven - So their lusts were on fire even in the short respite that Satan gives, till his leaven has worked
Thresh - The Lord is teaching in this verse that there are a number of methods to use in releasing a soul from the bonds and bands of sin and Satan until they are born again, redeemed and saved
Torment - 2, is translated "to torment," (a) of sickness, Matthew 8:6 ; (b) of the doom of evil spirits, Mark 5:7 ; Luke 8:28 ; (c) of retributive judgments upon impenitent mankind at the close of this age, Revelation 9:5 ; 11:10 ; (d) upon those who worship the Beast and his image and receive the mark of his name, Revelation 14:10 ; (e) of the doom of Satan and his agents, Revelation 20:10
Job, Book of - The great problem of the book is, the government of God, not directly as with Israel, but providentially in a world into which sin and death had entered, and where Satan, if permitted of God, can exercise his antagonistic power. ...
The testing, all came from God: it was He who introduced Job to the notice of Satan, in the wonderful vision of the unseen, where the 'sons of God' presented themselves before God. Satan was ever ready to afflict man and to impute motives; but he was foiled. Then, when his body was full of sores, his wife was used of Satan to try and induce him to curse God; but he replied, "What! shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil?" "In all this did not Job sin with his lips. " Satan was defeated, and he is not again mentioned in the book
Allegory - For example, birds as a symbol for Satan, rather than being alien were commonly used to depict Satan in rabbinic literature (e
Eschatology - His victory will include the healing of the physical world, the destruction of death and the punishment of Satan (1 Corinthians 15:25-26; Revelation 20:10; see NATURE; DEATH; Satan)
Parousia - He was the Christ in the sense that ( a ) He was anointed (empowered) by God to deliver men; ( b ) He was gathering and preparing men for His Kingdom; ( c ) He died and rose to manifest the Justice and love of God, and thus save those who accepted Him as Christ; ( d ) He would return to conquer Satan, judge both the living and the dead, and establish His Kingdom either in heaven or on a renewed earth. The order of events awaited is the descent of Jesus with His angels from the upper heavens to the lower; the sounding of the trumpet and the voice of the archangel which will summon the dead from Sheol; the giving to the saints of the body of the resurrection; the catching up of the living saints, who have been changed in the twinkling of an eye, to meet Jesus and the risen saints in the air; the general judgment of both living and dead; the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom, which, after a period of struggle, is to be victorious over the kingdom of Satan; and finally the fixing of the eternal supremacy of God. Among certain Christians this view was further elaborated, so that the appearance of Christ in the sky was followed by the resurrection of the martyrs, a thousand years of peace, during which Satan was to be bound, then the conquest of Satan, the general resurrection, and the establishment of the final conditions of eternity
Temptation of Jesus - Satan's attempts at the beginning of Jesus' ministry to divert Jesus from God's way of accomplishing His mission (Matthew 4:1 ; Mark 1:12 ; Luke 4:3 ). ...
Mark (Luke 1:13-14 ) recorded that the Spirit drove Jesus into the wilderness where He remained 40 days, was tempted by Satan, was with the wild beasts, and was ministered to by angels. The taunt is missing, but Satan promised to deliver the kingdoms of this world to Jesus. Jesus concluded this temptation by quoting Deuteronomy 6:13 and by commanding Satan to leave
Faith: Godìs Trial of - God draws forth his servants to fight in the spiritual warfare, where they are engaged, not only against the strongholds of carnal reason, and the exalted imaginations of their own hearts, but also in the pitched field against Satan and his wicked instruments
Forehead - It has been used as a representation of Satan (Revelation 13:16-17 )
Snake - The most striking use of the snake as a picture of one who is evil is in reference to the Devil, Satan, who is called ‘that ancient snake’ (Revelation 12:9; cf
Abaddon - Some make him Satan himself, while others take him to be only one of Satan's many evil subordinates
Lake of Fire - After Armageddon the beast and false prophet will be tossed into this "lake of burning sulfur, " joined by Satan at the millennium's end, and "tormented day and night for ever and ever" (Revelation 19:20 ; 20:10 )
Pit - In addition, it is used metaphorically for an underworld dungeon: a gloomy prison for the fallen angels (2 Peter 2:4 ) or a bottomless abyss for Satan during the millennium (Revelation 20:1-3 )
Almighty - ...
2 Corinthians 6:18 (a) This title describes the GOD who is able to supply every temporal need of His own people who refuse the provision of this world, and refuse to accept deliverance or provision from the children of Satan. Those who sever themselves from a place of dependence from the world and reject Satan's schemes, find that GOD is able to furnish them with all their necessities
Incense - Satan has his incense and perfume, and makes it a delight to his willing devotees
Oracle - ...
In the learned heathen world, Satan had places in imitation of this, at which it was professed that an answer from their gods could be obtained; but the answers were often purposely vague in order that afterwards they could be interpreted differently according as the event turned out
Mitre - " In Zechariah 3:1-8 , where Joshua the high priest, as a representative of the people, is delivered from the resistance of Satan, and is cleansed, a fair mitre (tsaniph , a kindred word to the above) is set upon his head, and he is clothed with garments
Throne - Satan also has his throne on earth, Revelation 2:13 , and will have his agents in kingly power in a future day
World to Come - ' The Lord declared that the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost of attributing His miracles to the power of Satan, should not be forgiven in the present age, nor in the age to come
Abomination of Desolation - The 'abomination of desolation' is evidently connected with the trinity of evil spoken of in Revelation 13 and will be the work of Satan, the Roman beast, and the false prophet
Satan - By collecting the passages where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be concluded, that he fell from heaven with his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over subordinate apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men, and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets and seducers; that it is he, or his agents, that torment or possess men, and inspire them with evil designs, as when he suggested to David, the numbering of the people, to Judas to betray his Lord and Master, and to Ananias and Sapphira to conceal the price of their field; that he is full of rage like a roaring lion, and of subtlety like a serpent, to tempt, to betray, to destroy, and involve us in guilt and wickedness; that his power and malice are restrained within certain limits, and controlled by the will of God; in a word, that he is an enemy to God and man, and uses his utmost endeavours to rob God of his glory, and men of their souls
Crown - is restricted to Christ the King of kings; Satan wears it only as usurping Christ's right (Revelation 13:1). This is also the sense of "crown" in the reward promised to believers who overcome the world, the flesh, and Satan; the "incorruptible crown" (1 Corinthians 9:25); "crown of righteousness," for righteousness will be its own reward (Revelation 22:11; Exodus 39:30; 2 Timothy 4:8)
Exorcism - In the New Testament the demons were earthly powers or spirits allied with Satan. Jesus' power to exorcise is demonstration in the Synoptic Gospels of His power over Satan (1618451854_8 ; 1618451854_35 ; Mark 5:1-20 ; Mark 7:24-30 ; Mark 9:14-29 )
Temptation - ) These passages refer to the temptation as coming from the “tempter,” “devil,” or “Satan. See Devil, Satan, Eve, Demonic; Temptation of Jesus
Redeemer - So man sold himself to Satan's bondage; Jesus has (at the price of His precious blood, 1 Peter 1:18-19) ransomed "the lawful captive delivered" (Isaiah 49:24). So our Redeemer "through death has destroyed Satan (man's "murderer from the beginning", John 8:44) who had the power of death," and has delivered us from everlasting "bondage" to him (Hebrews 2:14-15; Hosea 13:14). Our Boaz has not "left off His kindness to the living and to the dead" (Ruth 2:20); translated Job 19:25-27 "I know that my Redeemer (vindicator, avenger; redressing my wrongs on Satan their inflicter) liveth, and that He shall arise the Last (1 Corinthians 15:45; Revelation 1:17) above the dust (with which is mingled man's crumbling body: 1 Corinthians 15:20; 1 Corinthians 15:23; Romans 8:23; Ephesians 1:14), and though after my skin (is destroyed) this (body) is destroyed, yet from my flesh (mibesari ; as from a window, Song of Solomon 2:9) shall I see God, whom I shall see for myself (on my side), no longer estranged" (zar ) from me
Dove - ’ As the serpent is the most cunning of the beasts of the field, so should the Lord’s disciples have wisdom to understand the subtleties of Satan; but no evil is to mix with such wisdom. A nature purified by the Spirit of Christ will have wise penetration enough to defeat all the wiles of Satan
Ananias And Sapphira - "Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost?" And the young men arose, and wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him. ...
"Satan hath filled thine heart, Ananias. But Peter knew all Satan's processes. Do you know the premonition, the sensation, the smell, so to say, when Satan approaches you to fill your heart? And what do you say to him? What do you do to him? Do you set a chair for him? Do you lay a cover and set glasses for him? Do you share your pillow with him? "Ah! you are there again, my man!" So an old saint in the congregation salutes Satan as often as her practised nostrils catch the beginning of his brimstone on her stairhead. What do you throw? What do you do? Or is Satan in on you, and are you in his hands and at his service, in money matters, and what not, before you know where you are? "Ah, sir, you are there again, are you? But my heart is as full today as it can hold of Another," calls out my stairhead friend by reason of her exercised senses. While Augustine, I see, and some other great authorities, are bold to class the awful case of Ananias and Sapphira under that scripture of the apostle where he assures us that some church members are delivered unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. Let us hope that both husband and wife had the root of the matter in them all the time; and that we shall see them also saved in that day, in spite of Satan and all his fatal entrances into their hearts. The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan, is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?...
And now to come home to ourselves
Evil - Then later we have the figure of the Adversary or Satan, who, though still dependent on the will of God, is nevertheless so identified with evil that he is represented as taking the initiative in seduction ( Zechariah 3:1 , 1 Chronicles 21:1 , but cf. In the NT moral evil is never ascribed to God ( James 1:13 ), being essentially hostile to His mind and will ( Romans 1:18-21 ; Rom 5:10 , 1 John 1:5-7 ; 1 John 2:16 ; 1Jn 2:29 ; 1 John 3:4 ; Romans 8:18-25 ); but to the Evil One ( Matthew 6:13 ; Matthew 13:19 , 1 John 5:19 ), an active and personal being identical with the Devil ( Matthew 13:39 , John 8:44 ) or Satan ( Matthew 4:10 , Mark 4:15 , Luke 22:31 , John 13:27 ), who with his angels ( Matthew 25:41 ) is cast down from heaven ( Revelation 12:9 , cf. Pain and suffering are ascribed sometimes to God ( Revelation 3:19 , 1 Thessalonians 3:3 , Hebrews 12:5-11 ), inasmuch as all things work together for good to those that love Him ( Romans 8:28 ); sometimes to Satan ( Luke 13:16 , 2 Corinthians 12:7 ) and the demons ( Matthew 8:28 etc
Dry Dried Drieth - Evidently when Satan sees that a person is in soul trouble, he leaves that person for a season in order that that one may clean up his habits, add some religious ways, and try to make himself fit for Heaven without CHRIST, and without the Blood. After some time, Satan returns to this man. ...
Luke 23:31 (b) The word here contrasts the time when JESUS was on earth, the Scriptures were available, and the sanctuary of GOD was still standing, with the time when all religious freedom will be denied and only Satan's influence and power will be seen in the earth. When Satan rules, there is no blessing from GOD
Girdle - In the present warfare the Christian is exhorted to have his loins 'girt about' with truth, Ephesians 6:14 — the 'truth' being the very thing that Satan will most oppose, and about which the mass are liable to be indifferent
Prince - (2 Chronicles 18:25) And even Satan is called the prince of this world, and the prince of the power of the air; (John 12:31; Ephesians 2:2) The general acceptation, therefore, of the term implies somewhat of power and dominion
Nicolaitans - 46) explain, followers of Nicolas one of the seven (Acts 6:3; Acts 6:5) as there was a Judas among the twelve; confounding the later Gnostic Nicolaitans with those of Michaelis explains Nicolas (conqueror of the people) is the Greek for the Hebrew Balsam ("destroyer of the people," bela' 'am ); as we find both the Hebrew and Greek names, Abaddon, Apollyon; Satan, devil
Michael - Satan had claimed that Moses’ body belonged to him, but Michael again fought on behalf of the man of God (Judges 1:9)
Poison - He did not know that his afflictions came from Satan
Nest - ...
Job 29:18 (a) Job uses this term to describe his own lovely, comfortable home life before he was attacked by Satan
Feet (Under) - ...
Romans 16:20 (a) GOD will yet triumph overall the plans of the devil, and will subdue Satan and his hosts
Heel - Genesis 3:15 (b) This figure indicates that Satan would hinder the Lord JESUS in His earthly walk and would hurt Him but could not destroy Him
Hilarianus (1) Quintus Julius, Latin Chiliast Writer - ...
887 "...
He believes that after the close of the apocalyptic thousand years will come the loosing of Satan, the seducing of the nations Gog and Magog, the descent of fire from heaven upon their armies; then the second resurrection, the judgment, the passing away of the old things and the bringing in of the new heavens and new earth; "impii in ambustione aeterna; justi autem cum Deo in vita aeterna" (c
Haman - Thus God watched over His people in their captivity and made the device of their enemy to fall upon his own head, as it will be with Satan
Antichrist - ...
Empowered by Satan, this last great antichrist will recognize no authority, Christian or otherwise, apart from his own, and will put himself in the place of God as the sole controller of the human race
Blindness (2) - ’ If Satan, inspires to deeds of beneficence, then he ceases to be Satan. He who does good is inspired of God, and the measure of the good he does is the measure of his conquest over Satan. And when the Pharisees seek to persuade him of their peculiar theological tenet that the power of Jesus is derived from Satan, the man has strength of mind enough to fall back on that primary moral instinct to which Jesus always appeals
Council, Heavenly - Satan, the adversary, was among these “sons of God” in the prologue to Job
Bands - ...
(IV) The bands tying the yoke to the neck of a beast of burden is the image of the captivity in which Jerusalem and Israel have been held, and from which Christ shall free them at His glorious coming (Ezekiel 34:27; Isaiah 28:22; Isaiah 52:2); also the captivity to Satan of the spiritual Israel, from which Christ releases us
Azazel - Others take it to be the name of an evil spirit, or even of Satan
Deep, Deepness, Deeply, Depth - 1, "deep," is said in John 4:11 , of a well; in Acts 20:9 , of sleep; in Revelation 2:24 the plural is used, of the "deep things," the evil designs and workings, of Satan
Temptation of Christ - The grand objection is, why was Satan suffered thus to insult the Son of God? Wherefore did the Redeemer suffer his state of retirement to be thus disturbed with the malicious suggestions of the fiend? May it not be answered that herein, ...
1
Magog - In Revelation 20:8 ‘Gog and Magog’ are applied figuratively to denote the nations who are pictured as brought by Satan, at the end of the millennium, to attack Jerusalem, and as destroyed before it (see, further, Gog)
Dragon - This dragon is clearly identified with Satan (the Devil) and is termed the deceiver and the accuser of the saints
Lion - Metaphorically, Judah is described as a lion in Genesis 49:9 , Dan in Deuteronomy 33:22 , and Israel in Numbers 23:24 ; Numbers 24:9 ; but in the NT the lion is usually typical of Satan ( 1 Peter 5:8 ; ct
Lunatic - And one feature in respect to the disease of lunacy was very prominent and striking, namely, that the poor creature, under possession of Satan had no desire in himself for a cure
Possessed of the Devil - "The God of peace will bruise Satan under the feet of his people shortly
Prison - The abyss in which Satan is to be shut up for the thousand years is also called a prison, which may refer to the same place
Infirmity - Let us be cautious and watchful, however, against sin in all its forms: for it argues a deplorable state of mind when men love to practise sin, and then lay it upon constitution, the infirmity of nature, the decree of God, the influence of Satan, and thus attempt to excuse themselves by saying they could not avoid it
Liberty - Spiritual liberty consists in freedom from the curse of the moral law; from the servitude of the ritual; from the love, power, and guilt of sin; from the dominion of Satan; from the corruptions of the world; from the fear of death, and the wrath to come; Romans 6:14
Mary Magdalene - The two things stand in wonderful contrast; in the one she was completely under the power of Satan, and in the other she was ministering to the Lord Jesus
Tempt - Satan is the great tempter, seeking thus most effectually to destroy men's souls, 1 Chronicles 21:1 Job 1:1-2:13 Matthew 4:1 1 Thessalonians 3:5
Gennadius (11) Massiliensis, Presbyter of Marseilles - Daily reception of holy communion he will neither praise nor blame (53)· Evil was invented by Satan (57). Satan can learn them only by our motions and manifestations (81)
Antichrist - His coming is after the working of Satan, that is, he will be a confederate of Satan, and be able to work signs and lying wonders with all deceit of unrighteousness in them that perish. We thus see that in the Revelation the anti-christian power called also 'the false prophet' will work with the political head, and with Satan — a trinity of evil — not only in deceiving mankind, but also, in Revelation 16:13-16 , gathering together by their influence the kings of the earth to the battle of that great day of God Almighty
Prophets, the - ...
To these may be added the prophecies in the Gospels, the Epistles, and the Revelation, embracing the judgements of God upon apostate Christendom and the nations generally; the final overthrow of Satan, and universal blessing, ending with the judgement of the dead and a glorious outlook into the eternal state. The casting out of the devil and his angels from heaven, when Satan will energise the beast (head of the Roman empire) and the false prophet (Antichrist): they will persecute the pious Jews, will abolish the worship of Jehovah at Jerusalem, and enforce idolatry and the worship of the image of the beast everywhere. The binding of Satan; the creation will be delivered from the bondage of corruption, and Christ will reign over the earth a thousand years in peace, being Antitype of Solomon. The loosing of Satan for a short time, who will again deceive the nations: they will attack the saints on earth and Jerusalem; but the enemy will be destroyed by fire, and Satan be cast into the lake of fire
Thousand Years - The period of Christ's coming reign with His saints over this earth, delivered from Satan's presence. As Satan and His kingdom in successive stages sink, Christ and His kingdom rise (Revelation 19-20). Satan, having been foiled in his last desperate attempt to overthrow Christ's kingdom by Antichrist or the beast, shall by the just law of necessary retributive consequence be bound immediately afterward and imprisoned in the bottomless pit a thousand years. Satan thought to destroy God's people by persecutions (just as previously to destroy Christ, Revelation 12); but the church is not destroyed from the earth, but raised to rule over it; Satan himself is shut up for a thousand years in the "abyss" (" bottomless pit"), preparatory to the "lake of fire," his final doom. Satan will no longer seduce the flesh, nor be the "god" and "prince of this world" (John 14:30; 2 Corinthians 4:4), which now "lieth in the wicked one" (1 John 5:19). Christ's glorious appearing, the church's transfiguration, antichrist's destruction, and Satan's binding, will dispose the nations to embrace the gospel. The privilege of our high calling in Christ is limited to the time of Satan's reign; when he is bound there will be no scope for suffering for, and so no longer the reward of reigning with, Him (Revelation 3:21; 1 Corinthians 6:2. Finally, when the corrupt flesh and Satan shall have been cast out forever after the millennium, the general resurrection, judgment, and regeneration of our home shall follow. Satan loosed no more; the saints under the blessed necessity of sinning no more; the groans of nature hushed (Romans 8:18-23); no more sea, literal or figurative (Daniel 7:2-3; Isaiah 57:20; Revelation 21:1; Revelation 21:4); no more pain, crying, death
False Apostles - A designation for Paul's opponents in 2 Corinthians 11:13 , also designated deceitful workers (2 Corinthians 11:13 ) and ministers of Satan (2 Corinthians 11:15 )
Pride - It is the root sin, the means that Satan used in successfully tempting the original humans to rebel against their maker (Genesis 3:1-6; 1 John 2:16)
Exorcism - Then follow the litanies, psalms, and prayer; after which the exorcist asks the devil his name, and adjures him by the mysteries of the Christian religion not to afflict the person any more; then, laying his right hand on the daemoniac's head, he repeats the form of exorcism, which is this: "I exorcise thee, unclean spirit, in the name of Jesus Christ: tremble, O Satan, thou enemy of the faith, thou foe of mankind, who hast brought death into the world; who hast deprived men of life, and hast rebelled against justice, thou seducer of mankind, thou root of all evil, thou source of avarice, discord, and envy
Adoration - Demanded by Nebuchadnezzar in honour of his image, Daniel 3:5 ; requested by Satan, at the temptation of our Lord, Matthew 4:9 ; paid to the Lord when an infant by the wise men, and often in the Gospels, Matthew 2:11 ; Mark 5:33 ; Luke 5:8 ; John 11:32 ; and in heaven by the elders to God and the Lord Jesus, Revelation 4:10 ; Revelation 5:8,14 ; Revelation 19:4
Unpardonable Sin, the - Setting one's mind against the Holy Spirit and crediting Satan with what is obviously God's work. It happens when a person sees a work that is without question God's work and not human work, but says it is Satan's work!...
What is the Holy Spirit's work? To point one to Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord
Topheth - Satan is the king finally doomed to the fire with the lost (Matthew 5:22; Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:43-44)
Raven - Genesis 8:7, Noah's first messenger from the ark, which kept going forth and returning, resting on the ark but never entering, feeding on the floating carcasses; type of the carnal soul that having left God finds no rest (Isaiah 57:20-21); like Satan (Job 1:7; Job 2:2)
Age - "The world" when representing the Greek "age" (aion ) means not the material "world" (Greek kosmos ), but the age in its relation to God or to Satan
Mary Magdalene - And what is more remarkable, the Holy Ghost is particular to tell the church this, in the same moment he speaks of the mercy; for so the sweet and gracious words run" Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary, Magdalene, out of whom he cast seven devils;"Did the kind compassionate, Lord mean to say by this condescending act of grace, that there he will be most gracious where Satan hath been most, cruel? Did he thereby mean to intimate to all his disciples, that the poor lamb of his fold shall have, the softest lying down in his bosom, whom the prowling wolf hath most torn and worried with his claws? Oh! that every deeply-exercised follower of the Lord Jesus would frequently think of this; and, as often as this Magdalene riseth to their recollection, would behold the Lord Jesus in this unequalled act of mercy, that "where sin abounded, grace doth much more abound; that as sin hath reigned unto death, so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord?" (Romans 5:21)...
Bird - ...
Matthew 13:32 (b) Satan and his angels are compared to birds in this place
Exorcists - As explained by the Lord, Satan would not destroy his own kingdom
Baal, Baalim - Thus did Satan succeed in leading aside to idolatry God's favoured people for whom He had done so much
Power - Satan offered to give to the Lord 'authority' over the kingdoms of the world which had been delivered to him, if the Lord would fall down and worship him
Bind - Whom Satan hath bound these eighteen years
Inchantments - Respecting the inchantments practised by Pharaoh's magicians, (see Exodus 8:18-19 ,) in order to imitate the miracles which were wrought by Moses, it must be said either that they were mere illusions, whereby they imposed on the spectators; or that, if they performed such miracles, and produced real changes of their rods, and the other things said to be performed by them, it must have been by a supernatural power which God had permitted Satan to give them, but the farther operation of which he afterward thought proper to prevent
Bad - Poneros alone is used of Satan and might well be translated "the malignant one," e
Key - , knowledge of the revealed will of God, by which men entered into the life that pleases God; this the religious leaders of the Jews had presumptuously "taken away," so that they neither entered in themselves, nor permitted their hearers to do so; (c) of "the keys of death and of Hades," Revelation 1:18 , RV (see HADES), indicative of the authority of the Lord over the bodies and souls of men; (d) of "the key of David," Revelation 3:7 , a reference to Isaiah 22:22 , speaking of the deposition of Shebna and the investiture of Eliakim, in terms evidently Messianic, the metaphor being that of the right of entrance upon administrative authority; the mention of David is symbolic of complete sovereignty; (e) of "the key of the pit of the abyss," Revelation 9:1 ; here the symbolism is that of competent authority; the pit represents a shaft or deep entrance into the region (see ABYSS), from whence issued smoke, symbolic of blinding delusion; (f) of "the key of the abyss," Revelation 20:1 ; this is to be distinguished from (e): the symbolism is that of the complete supremacy of God over the region of the lost, in which, by angelic agency, Satan is destined to be confined for a thousand years
Adversary - it is used of Satan, Zechariah 3:1 , and of men, Job 13:24 ; Isaiah 66:6
Sign of the Cross - It is a symbol of our deliverance from Satan, and an emblem of God's mercy as manifested through the crucifixion of Our Saviour
Fasting - Examples of fasting in the New Testament show that it accompanied prayer when people faced unusually difficult tasks or decisions, or met unusually strong opposition from Satan
Lamb - He is the conqueror of Satan, the Saviour of his people, the judge of the world, the King of kings, and the object of heaven’s worship (Revelation 7:17; Revelation 14:1; Revelation 14:10; Revelation 17:14; Revelation 19:7; Revelation 21:23; Revelation 22:1; Revelation 22:3)
Murder (2) - Thus the guilt of murder is predicated of Barabbas (Mark 15:7, Luke 23:19; Luke 23:25, John 18:40 ‘robber’), and of the unwilling guests (Matthew 22:7), and Satan is designated the original ἀνθρωποκτόνος (John 8:44)
Adder - ' It lies in holes or ruts and darts upon an animal passing: and this well agrees with the above text, where Dan is compared to "an adder in the path that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward:" typical of apostasy and the power of Satan
Bread - " Their heart was like an oven first heated by Satan, then left to burn with the pent up fire of their corrupt passions. Like the baker sleeping at night, Satan rests secure that at the first opportunity the hidden fires will break forth, ready to execute whatever evil he suggests
Ananias - He was not obliged to throw his property into a common Christian fund (as Peter's words show, "after it was sold, was it not in thine own power?") It was a compromise between love of Christian applause and worldliness; "Satan filled his heart" as "Satan entered into Judas" (Luke 22:3)
Adversary (2) - Here there is no special reason for identifying this adversary with Satan (cf. Satan
Freedom - Sinful human beings are likened in the Bible to slaves, those who are in bondage to sin, Satan, the law and death. Though free from sin, Satan, death and the law, they are not free from God
Antichrist - In 1 Chronicles 21:1 Satan is evidently represented as God’s adversary, just as we find him in later Jewish and primitive Christian thought. And in the interval between OT and NT Beliar is frequently used as a synonym for Satan, the Devil or arch-demon (e. Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:2, where ‘the dragon, the old serpent,’ is explained to be ‘the Devil and Satan. ), Satan (Matthew 4:10; Matthew 12:26, Luke 10:18, etc. [1] 472) that the Beliar-Satan conception underlies this whole passage, with its thought of an opponent of Christ, or Antichrist, whom the Lord at last shall ‘slay with the breath of his mouth and bring to nought by the manifestation of his coming’ (2 Thessalonians 2:8). 11 ‘the beast that cometh up out of the abyss’ was evidently suggested by the dragon-myth as embodied in the Jewish Antichrist tradition, while the ‘great red dragon’ of Revelation 12:3, who is also described as ‘the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan’ (Revelation 12:9), and who is clearly represented as the Antichrist (Revelation 12:4-5; Revelation 12:17), reproduces both the mythical dragon and the later Beliar-Satan conception, now fused into one appalling figure. But to these pre-Christian forms of the Antichrist tradition-the dragon, Satan, and a hostile world-power-the Apocalypse contributes two others which are peculiar to Christianity and which play a large part in the Christian tradition of later times
Angels - Twice we meet with 'archangel:' an archangel's voice will accompany the rapture of the church, 1 Thessalonians 4:16 ; and 'Michael the archangel' contended with Satan about the body of Moses. Besides the above which are kept in chains we read of angels connected with Satan. Isaiah 14:12-16 and Ezekiel 28:14-19 , may throw somelight on the fallof Satan, but whether the fall of those called 'his angels' was brought about by the same cause and at the same time is not revealed
Deacon - "It occurs in the NT of domestic servants, John 2:5,9 ; the civil ruler, Romans 13:4 ; Christ, Romans 15:8 ; Galatians 2:17 ; the followers of Christ in relation to their Lord, John 12:26 ; Ephesians 6:21 ; Colossians 1:7 ; 4:7 ; the followers of Christ in relation to one another, Matthew 20:26 ; 23:11 ; Mark 9:35 ; 10:43 ; the servants of Christ in the work of preaching and teaching, 1 Corinthians 3:5 ; 2 Corinthians 3:6 ; 6:4 ; 11:23 ; Ephesians 3:7 ; Colossians 1:23,25 ; 1 Thessalonians 3:2 ; 1 Timothy 4:6 ; those who serve in the churches, Romans 16:1 (used of a woman here only in NT); Philippians 1:1 ; 1 Timothy 3:8,12 ; false apostles, servants of Satan, 2 Corinthians 11:15
Leviathan - Antitypically and finally Satan "the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil" (Revelation 20:2; Revelation 20:10), whom finally "Jehovah with His sore, great, and strong sword shall punish
Fear - There is an hypocritical fear, when men make a profession of religion; but only serve him for some sinister end and selfish view, which Satan insinuated was Job's case
Abyss - Satan is chained in the abyss for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1,3 ), until he, too, is thrown into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:10 )
Dragon - In the New Testament it symbolizes Satan the old serpent (Genesis 3), combining gigantic strength with craft, malignity, and venom (Revelation 12:3)
Camp, Encampment - In the last passage it is used figuratively of the church, “the camp of the saints,” under attack by the forces of Satan
Census - 2 Samuel 24:1 says that the Lord incited David to carry out the census, and 1 Chronicles 21:1 says that Satan moved David to do so
Dragon - ...
Revelation 12:3 (a) This is a picture of Satan, in his cruelty, wickedness and evil actions
Apocalypse - Satan, too, the great dragon, appears as the Church's chief enemy, but is finally conquered, bound, and cast into a pool of fire
Loose - , John 11:44 ; Acts 22:30 ; (4) of Satan, Revelation 20:3,7 , and angels, Revelation 9:14,15 ; (5) metaphorically, of one diseased, Luke 13:16 ; of the marriage tie, 1 Corinthians 7:27 ; of release from sins, Revelation 1:5 (in the most authentic mss
Sower, Parable of the - The sower is Christ; the seed is the tidings of the Kingdom of God; the wayside, indifferent and careless Christians with hard and unimpressionable hearts; birds of the air, Satan; the rocky ground, superficial Christians, creatures of impulse and without stability; scorching sun, temptations and persecutions for the faith; the thorny ground, inordinate desires and passions of the heart, and anxieties and allurements of the world
Jude, Epistle of - Then the railers are put to shame by the conduct of Michael the archangel, who when rightly contending with Satan about the body of Moses did not rail against him, but said, "The Lord rebuke thee
Boasting - The hampering of Satan, however, may be a byproduct of praise since Satan cannot accomplish his purposes where God is exalted
World - Because of sin, the world has become a place where Satan rules in people’s lives (John 12:31; Romans 5:12; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 1 John 5:19). They can overcome them only by trusting in the power of Christ, who has conquered Satan, the prince of the world (John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11; John 16:33; 1 John 5:4-5; see TEMPTATION). One day this same Christ will return, to free the world completely from Satan’s power (Revelation 19:16; Revelation 20:2-3; Revelation 20:10)
Lewd Lewdness - Ramsay discusses the question whether the reference to Satan in 1 Thessalonians 2:18 -‘and Satan hindered us (from coming)’-is to be taken as referring to the hostility of the, multitude
Demon, Demoniacal Possession, Demoniacs - ]'>[28] by God before the world was made; Satan[26] The head of them is Satan (הַשָטַן = ‘the adversary’); it is his aim to mislead men into evil, and then to accuse them before God, hence the further name מקטנר (κατήγορος) = ‘accuser’ (cf. As the angel of death, he is identical with Sammael, who is known also as ‘the head of all the Satans. ’ The kingdom of Satan (cf. ) consists of himself, as head, and an innumerable horde of angels or messengers (מַלאָבים) who do his will;* [32] (see, further, Satan). ’* Jeroboam - And then, to crown it all, as time went on Satan more and more entered into Jeroboam's heart. And Jeroboam allowed Satan in his heart, and listened to Satan speaking in his heart, 'You are a greatly talented man. Ahijah's eyes, like a flame of fire, saw, naked and open, all that was hidden so deep in Jeroboam's heart; and he heard, as with God's own ears, all that Satan said to Jeroboam in his heart. ' And then the prophet, softening somewhat, went on to tell the trembling builder that if he would but cast Satan and all his counsels and all his hopes out of his heart from that day, then the God of Israel would make him a sure house, so that he and his seed should sit on the throne of Israel for ever. And thus it was that Satan still kept his place in Jeroboam's heart, and was still Jeroboam's counsellor in all the affairs of the state, and in all the affairs of the family, till Jeroboam's great fall, from which he and his people never recovered, came about in this way
Demon - In Christian writings the word ‘demon’ always means an evil being, though it is curious that, in the NT and (as far as the present writer has observed) in the Fathers, Satan himself is never called δαίμων or δαιμόνιον (‘demon’). -Demons are regarded as the ministers of Satan-a host of evil angels over whom he has command. That these angels are the same as the demons appears from the fact that Satan is the prince of the demons (Mark 3:22), and that demoniacs are said to be ‘oppressed of the devil’ (τοῦ διαβόλου, i. Satan [3], Acts 10:38; cf. That these are Satan’s hosts appears from the context of the last passage (Ephesians 2:2), which speaks of the Prince of the power of the air (see Air). Thus the woman who was ‘bowed together’ is said to have had ‘a spirit of infirmity’ (πνεῦμα ἀσθενείας, Luke 13:11) and to have been bound by Satan (Luke 13:16); our Lord ‘rebuked’ (ἐπετίμησε) the fever of Simon’s wife’s mother (Luke 4:39), as if it were an unclean spirit; a deaf-mute is said to have a ‘dumb spirit’ or ‘a dumb and deaf spirit’ (Mark 9:17; Mark 9:25)
Evil (2) - The chief of these, Satan, is ever seeking to seduce the human race from its allegiance to its Creator, and is therefore emphatically called ‘the tempter’ (ὁ πειράζων, Matthew 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 3:5), and the slayer of men (ἀνθρωποκτόνος, John 8:44). This last is the one certain allusion to the fall of Satan to be found in the Gospels (Luke 10:18 is doubtful). ...
The position of Satan in the Universe is so exalted, and the power ascribed to him in the NT so great (cf. But the authority attributed to Satan in the NT, though great, is subordinate. If Satan is ‘the strong man,’ there is a Stronger, who can bind him and spoil his goods (Matthew 12:29)
Judas - The evil of his nature probably gradually unfolded itself till "Satan entered into him" (John 13:27 ), and he betrayed our Lord (18:3)
Regeneration - Thereby will be accomplished the deliverance of the world from the power and deception of Satan and from the despotic and anti-christian rulers of the nations
Right, Rightly - Satan offered to delegate his authority over earthly kingdoms to Christ, Luke 4:6 , who, though conscious of His "right" to it, refused, awaiting the Divinely appointed time
Net - ...
Ecclesiastes 7:26 (a) In this way the Lord is warning us against the tricks and traps of Satan who would like to destroy the testimony of the people of GOD
Fell - Satan himself is one of the stars
Habitation - In these religious groups, Satan and his angels are at home
Ascension - The ascension is also a tremendous fact for Satan: the prince of this world has been judged who led the world to put the Lord to death; and in His ascension He led captivity captive, having broken the power of death in which men were held, Ephesians 4:8 , for He had in the cross spoiled principalities and powers and made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it
Excommunication - ...
Connected with the case at Corinth there was also mentioned the delivering unto Satan of the guilty person for the destruction of the flesh, but this was the determination of Paul as being there in spirit with them (1 Corinthians 5:4,5 ), which seems to stamp it as an apostolic act
Pontius Pilate - Pilate is a signal instance of the way Satan leads his dupes into sin, and then goads them to their own destruction
Concupiscence - ) As the new life comes through the Spirit, so old desires come through Satan (John 8:44 ) and the world of which he is prince (1 John 2:16 )
Captive, Captivity - "take alive"), there of the effects of the work of the Gospel; in 2 Timothy 2:26 it is said of the power of Satan to lead men astray
Lie - By contrast, Satan is the father of lies, and his children naturally reflect his nature (John 8:44)
Joshua the Son of Jehozadak - Standing beside Joshua was Satan, ready to make the accusation that the people were unclean because of their long exile in idolatrous Babylon
Micaiah - The access of Satan to the heavenly court in Old Testament times appears here and Romans 9:17-23; Job 2:1 (but compare Revelation 12:7-10 as to the New Testament times). " It was no invention of fancy, but a supernatural agency under Satan, by God's overruling appointment, which in righteous retribution gives over to a lie those who love not the truth (Judges 9:23; Job 12:16; Ezekiel 14:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:11-12)
Son of Man - The world is under the power of Satan (2 Corinthians 4:4; 1 John 5:19), but Jesus delivered diseased and demonized people, showing that the rule and authority of God’s kingdom can release people from Satan’s power (Matthew 4:23-24; Matthew 12:28; Luke 10:9; Luke 10:17-18; Luke 17:20-21; see KINGDOM OF GOD). God’s kingdom will reach its fullest expression when Jesus returns at the end of the age to punish evil, remove Satan and reign in righteousness (Daniel 7:13-14; Matthew 13:41-43; Matthew 24:30-31; Mark 8:38)
Chastisement - Sometimes the chastisement is of such a terrible character that the one who suffers is said to be ‘delivered unto Satan’ (1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Timothy 1:20; cf. Paul so grievously that he called it ‘a messenger of Satan’ (2 Corinthians 12:7 ff
Evil - Satan, through whom this evil entered the human race, is fittingly called ‘the evil one’ (Genesis 3:1; Matthew 13:19; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 5:19; see Satan)
Temptation, Trial - The married amongst the Corinthians are warned to beware lest Satan ‘tempt’ them because of their incontinency (1 Corinthians 7:5). In the sense of enticing to evil it is Satan that tempts men. Satan may ‘tempt’ the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 7:5). Sometimes it is evident that it is hoped that the testing will have a favourable result, and it may be pointed out that Satan is never said to ‘test’ men
Kingdom of God - ...
The world at present is in a state of rebellion against God’s rule, because it is under the power of Satan (2 Corinthians 4:4; Acts 20:24-25; see WORLD). Therefore, when the kingdom of God came among people in the person of Jesus Christ, the rule of God was demonstrated in the defeat of Satan. As Jesus proclaimed the kingdom, he healed those who were diseased and oppressed by evil spirits, and in so doing he gave evidence of his power over Satan (Matthew 4:23-24). His deliverance of people from the bondage of Satan was proof that God’s kingdom (his authority, power, rule) had come among them (Matthew 12:28; Mark 1:27; Luke 10:9; Luke 10:17-18). ...
The mystery of the kingdom...
The truth that the teaching of Jesus makes clear is not simply that God’s kingdom is present in the world now, but that people can enter that kingdom now, even though the world is still under the power of Satan. That kingdom was not yet established in the world-conquering sense that John and others expected, but it had begun to do its work by delivering people from the power of Satan and offering them new life in Jesus Christ (Luke 17:20-21)
Sign - The last things will be ushered in by extraordinary signs ( Matthew 24:30 , Luke 21:25 , 2 Thessalonians 2:9 the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, Revelation 12:1 ; Revelation 13:13 etc
Ransom - " Some interpreters have regarded the "ransom" price as being paid to Satan; others, to an impersonal power such as death, or evil, or "that ultimate necessity which has made the whole course of things what it has been
Sign - , Matthew 24:24 ; Mark 13:22 ; (4) by Satan through his special agents, 2 Thessalonians 2:9 ; Revelation 13:13,14 ; 19:20 ; (d) of tokens portending future events, e
Redemption - The evils from which we are redeemed or delivered are the curse of the law, sin, Satan, the world, death, and hell
Exhortation - They well not say that the omission was an oversight in the inspired writers; or admit the thought for a moment, that they can improve on their plan: why then cannot they be satisfied to "speak according to the oracles of God, without affecting a more entire consistency? Great mischief has thus been done by very different descriptions of men, who undesignedly concur in giving Satan an occasion of suggesting to the trembling enquirer that perhaps he may persevere in asking, seeking, and knocking, with the greatest earnestness and importunity, and yet finally be cast away
Mouth - Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 8:3 when Satan tempts him and reveals that life is more than what one puts in his or her mouth
Nose - He does not discern that which comes from Satan and that which comes from GOD
Raiment - ...
Isaiah 14:19 (a) The description even in this portion seems to be a description of the covering of Satan, and of his character
Palace - But then the Saviour comes along their way, the Holy Spirit begins to work in the heart, and the friend sees that he is on the broad road and under the control of Satan
Fire (Kindle) - ...
James 3:6 (a) The tongue that is inspired by Satan to speak and say things that are cruel, hateful and sinful is described as a burning flame that injures, harms and hurts those who hear it
Dark (Darkness) - ...
Ephesians 6:12 (b) This is evidently "mental darkness," for Satan is busy blinding the minds of them that believe not lest they should be saved
Amalek, Amalekites - ...
We thus find that Amalek was the first to attack Israel, and continued an enemy ever ready to molest them when they were weak even until the days of Hezekiah, and they are found in the hostile confederacy at the close of their history: an apt type of Satan as the enemy of God's people
Dan - Moses said, "Dan is a lion's whelp: he shall leap from Bashan," Deuteronomy 33:22 , which may be a prophecy that Dan would do the work of Satan: cf
Calvary - " Then the old ritual passed away, Satan was despoiled, man was redeemed, God reconciled, and heaven opened to all believers
Avoid - , "to turn or twist out," is used in the Passive Voice in Hebrews 12:13 , "that which is lame be not turned out of the way" (or rather, "put out of joint"); in the sense of the Middle Voice (though Passive in form) of turning aside, or turning away from, 2 Timothy 4:4 (AV, "shall be turned unto fables," RV, "shall turn aside"); in 1 Timothy 1:6 , of those who having swerved from the faith, have turned aside unto vain talking; in 2 Timothy 5:15 , of those who have turned aside after Satan; in 2 Timothy 6:20 , RV, of "turning away from (AV, 'avoiding') profane babblings and oppositions of the knowledge which is falsely so called
Blasphemy - When people called God’s Spirit Satan and called good evil, they put themselves in a position where they had no way of acknowledging God’s goodness
Jude, the Epistle of - The doubts about it arose probably from the reference to the mysterious conflict of Michael the archangel with Satan concerning Moses' body, nowhere else mentioned in Scripture, but found in the apocryphal Book of Enoch. )...
So Jude also stamps as true the tradition as to the archangel Michael's dispute with Satan concerning Moses' body (Judges 1:9; compare Deuteronomy 34:6)
Divination - Besides mentioning Jahweh, the God of the Hebrews, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit, worshipped by the Christians, and some of the innumerable ethnic deities, the literature of the Apostolic Age contains references to angels, archangels, living creatures, Satan, the Devil, the Wicked One, the Antichrist, demons, unclean and evil powers, dominions, principalities, authorities, thrones, and glories. In such a world the Satan fashioned himself into an ἄγγελος φωτός (2 Corinthians 11:14), δαίμονες entered into men, and were cast out by men (Luke 11:19, Mark 9:38), converts to the religion of Jesus who had believed and were baptized proposed to purchase the ability to confer the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:19), the power of the evil eye was exercised (Mark 7:22), and ἀρχαί and δυνἁμεις, ‘principalities’ and ‘powers’ (Romans 8:38), ‘mustered their unseen array. Think of their belief in the Satan, the antagonist who stood over against God. The Satan was the adversary of men; his chief aim was to seduce to wrong (Revelation 20:3; Revelation 20:8; Revelation 20:10, Ephesians 2:2) by tempting to such sins as lying, cheating (Acts 5:3), incontinence (1 Corinthians 7:5, 1 Timothy 5:15), gross sexual excess, ‘his deep mysteries’ (Revelation 2:24, Ephesians 2:3). By a deliberate act of judgment an offender could be consigned to the Satan’s power for the destruction of his body (1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Timothy 1:20). healing, or smiting with disease such as blindness; (b) exceptional: the lot, the vow, the oath, and committing to Satan
Demon, Demoniac - ...
Acting under Satan (cp
Murder - ...
Murder results from the instigation of Satan the "murderer (of Adam's and Eve's souls, and Abel's body) from the beginning" (John 8:44)
Millennium - The period begins with this first resurrection, and at its end, Satan, prior to his destruction, is to be released for a time to deceive the nations
Simplicity - Paul would have his readers innocent without being ignorant; discerning the wiles of Satan, yet without sin-craft: in wisdom many-sided-in aim and affection single-minded (cf
Star - In Revelation 9:1 the Seer sees a star already fallen (πεπτωκότα) and lying on the ground, representing the fall of some person, perhaps Satan
Affliction - ...
In the Old Testament, the source of affliction is (1) God's retribution upon disobedience (Lamentations 3:32-33 ; Isaiah 30:20 ; Jeremiah 30:15 ); (2) the natural conditions of life (Genesis 16:11 ; Genesis 29:32 ; Psalm 25:18 ); (3) personal sin (Psalm 107:17 ); (4) forces of opposition (Isaiah 51:21-23 ); and (5) evil spirits and/or Satan (1 Samuel 16:14 ; Job 1:6-12 )
Salt - The presence of Christians in the world preserves the world from the corruption of Satan
Abyss - And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season," Revelation 20:1-3
World - Hence "children of this world," or worldly men, Luke 16:8; and so Satan is called "the god of this world
Philadelphia - In 3:9 ‘the synagogue of Satan which say they are Jews and are not’ must mean that the Jews of Philadelphia had been lax, and had conceded too much to Gentile ways
Wicked - Especially of Satan and other evil spirits the word πονηρός is appropriately used, because they are intent upon doing evil and working harm (Ephesians 6:16), but for the same reason it applies to men who seek to injure others (Acts 17:5; Acts 18:14; Acts 25:18). Only in regard to the last-mentioned passage is the personal reference to Satan placed beyond doubt by 1 John 5:18; hence the rendering of RV , ‘in the evil one,’ is to be preferred to the ‘in wickedness’ of AV
Soul - Satan is permitted by God to take health, that is flesh and blood, but Satan cannot take the bare life of a person (Job 2:5-6 )
Prince (2) - More important is the use of ἄρχων in two of the Gospels as applied to Satan in the phrases ἄρχων τῶν δαιμονίων (Matthew 9:34; Matthew 12:24, Authorized and Revised Versions ‘prince of the devils’), and ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου (John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11, Authorized and Revised Versions ‘prince of this world’). ‘The prince of this world,’ on the other hand, is a title that belongs to the special Johannine conception of the world as an order of things that is alienated from God and hostile to Him, and of Satan as a power dominating this sinful world and operating in it and through it (cf. The world was Satan’s, but Christ over-came the world (John 16:33)
Punishment - Paul instructs the assembly to hand the transgressor over to Satan for the destruction of the body in order that the spirit might be saved. This may refer to excommunication (if cast out of the church one is under the domain of Satan) or to a mortal illness invading the sinner's body. The hope is that after being handed over to Satan, he will repent and return to the fold, or at the very least, that his spirit will go to heaven in spite of his body's death
Nahum, Theology of - Jesus waged holy war, not against the flesh-and-blood enemies of Israel, but against Satan himself. This warfare culminated in the crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension (Ephesians 4:7-13 ; Colossians 2:13-16 ), at which time Jesus defeated Satan. Thus, the church struggles even today against Satan and evil
Excommunication - ‘To deliver such a one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus’ (1 Timothy 5:19-20), is an obscure passage. In his opinion certain afflictions of the body were due to the operations of Satan (2 Corinthians 2:11; 2 Corinthians 12:7, 1 Timothy 1:20). Probably he thought that, in accordance with the sentence of the Church, God would allow Satan to inflict some physical malady that would lead the offender to repentance. Some hold that the ‘delivery to Satan’ was by virtue of the special authority of St
Enemy - ...
Satan is also called “the enemy” (1 Timothy 5:14-15 )
Blindness - It is vital, therefore, to conduct all Christian witness in dependence on the Holy Spirit, who works to counteract the cataracts of Satan and to reveal the truth of God
Widow - God is "judge of the widows" (Psalms 68:5; Psalms 146:9), therefore, the judge or righteous vindicator of His church, and of Israel especially (Isaiah 54), widowed by His physical absence, against her adversary Satan (Luke 18:1-7)
Gog - The prophet naturally uses their name taken from familiar history to represent the anti-Christian confederacy about, to assail the Jews in the Holy Land before the millennium; Revelation 20:7-9, to represent the confederacy headed by Satan, and about to assail the beloved city after the millennium
Seraphim - Satan's "serpent" (nachash ) form in appearing to man may have some connection with his original form as a seraph (singular) of light. Satan has wisdom, but wisdom not sanctified by the flame of devotion
Unclean - ...
Revelation 18:2 (b) Birds in the Scripture are usually connected with Satan and his angels
Dragon - In each case, with the exception of 13:11 (‘as a dragon’), the reference is to the symbolical ‘great red dragon’ with seven heads and ten horns (12:3) who is expressly identified with ‘the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan’ (v
Meditation - To perform this duty aright, we should be much in prayer, Luke 18:1 ; avoid a worldly spirit, 1 John 2:15 ; beware of sloth, Hebrews 6:11 ; take heed of sensual pleasures, James 4:4 ; watch against the devices of Satan, 1 Peter 5:8 ; be often in retirement, Psalms 4:4 ; embrace the most favourable opportunities, the calmness of the morning, Psalms 5:1 ; Psalms 5:3 ; the solemnity of the evening, Genesis 24:63 ; Sabbathdays, Psalms 118:24 ; sacramental occasions, &c
Beast - ) symbolizing the hostile political world-power of Rome and the kings of Rome as vassals of Satan, the other (Revelation 13:11-18) the hostile religious power of false prophecy (cf
Adam - Eve, being beguiled by Satan, ate of that tree; and at her suggestion, though not deceived as Eve was, Adam also took of it
Adam - Eve, being beguiled by Satan, ate of that tree; and at her suggestion, though not deceived as Eve was, Adam also took of it
Power Powers - In Acts 26:18 the expression ‘the power (ἐξουσία) of Satan’ is to be noted, with which compare Luke 22:53, Colossians 1:13
Samuel, Second Book of - It is sad that the last public act of David should be one of sin, but it must be observed that the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel, and God punished their rebellion by allowing Satan to act upon the pride of David's heart to number Israel. Even Joab could see that it was an error, and sought to divert the king from his purpose; but Satan succeeded, and the people were numbered
Tree - Trees represent GOD's people in some cases, while they represent Satan's product in other cases. ...
Ezekiel 31:8 (a) This allegory describes Satan in his original beauty and glory. The description of Satan begins at verse3
Hand - " The accuser was commonly at the right hand of the accused: "Let Satan stand at his right hand," Psalms 109:6 . And in Zechariah 3:1 , Satan was at the right hand of the high priest Joshua, to accuse him
Job - Satan had made the accusation that people serve God only because of the benefits they can get from him. In addition he proved Satan to be wrong in his accusation that people worship God because of what they can get from him. ...
Outline of contents...
The book opens with a narrative section that recounts Satan’s challenge to God and his attack on Job (1:1-2:13)
Heaven, Heavens, Heavenlies - Paul likely is referring to Satan and his demonic host, calling them "rulers, " "authorities, " and "spiritual forces" (Ephesians 3:10 ; 6:12 ). The "new heavens and earth" follow the judgment of Satan (Revelation 20:7-10 ) and the Great White Throne judgment (20:11-15), both of which take place in heaven and will never be repeated. ...
The Angels, Satan, and Heaven . ...
Satan is a fallen angel who apparently had access to the presence of God in heavenly places (Job 1:6-7 ). If 1618451854_66 looks back to the ministry of Christ, the "casting out" of Satan and his evil angels from heaven occurred when Christ entered heavenly glory (see Luke 10:17-20 ). Now Satan's sphere is more limited
Miracles - The rule of God was seen in the miracles by which Jesus the Messiah delivered from the power of Satan people who were diseased and oppressed by evil spirits (Matthew 4:23-24; Matthew 11:2-6; Matthew 12:28; see KINGDOM OF GOD). This victory over Satan was a guarantee of the final conquest of Satan when the kingdom of God will reach its triumphant climax at the end of the world’s history (Revelation 20:10)
Father - , Matthew 3:9 ; 23:30 ; 1 Corinthians 10:1 ; the patriarchs, 2 Peter 3:4 ; (c) one advanced in the knowledge of Christ, 1 John 2:13 ; (d) metaphorically, of the originator of a family or company of persons animated by the same spirit as himself, as of Abraham, Romans 4:11,12,16,17,18 , or of Satan, John 8:38,41,44 ; (e) of one who, as a preacher of the Gospel and a teacher, stands in a "father's" place, caring for his spiritual children, 1 Corinthians 4:15 (not the same as a mere title of honor, which the Lord prohibited, Matthew 23:9 ); (f) of the members of the Sanhedrin, as of those who exercised religious authority over others, Acts 7:2 ; 22:1 ; (g) of God in relation to those who have been born anew (John 1:12,13 ), and so are believers, Ephesians 2:18 ; 4:6 (cp
Son of God - He was identified as Son of God by an angel prior to His birth (Luke 1:32 ,Luke 1:32,1:35 ); by Satan at His temptation (Matthew 4:3 ,Matthew 4:3,4:6 ); by John the Baptist (John 1:34 ); by the centurion at the crucifixion (Matthew 27:54 )
Ignorant, Ignorance - It is through such ignorance (an unwillingness to forgive) that a person can be outwitted by the designing Satan (2 Corinthians 2:11 )
Jericho - The city and all therein was accursed, and was to be utterly destroyed, except the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, which were consecrated to the Lord: typical of the power of Satan in the world that stops the progress of the Christian: he must count it all as accursed, though God may use such things by consecrating them to Himself
Sandal - preparedness for the good warfare, produced by the gospel, which brings peace within though there is conflict outside with Satan and the world (Luke 1:79; Romans 10:15; Isaiah 26:3; Philippians 4:7)
Staff - Since the coming of CHRIST is prophesied in verse6, we probably may believe that He is teaching us that because the Saviour comes into the life, the soul is set free from the bondage of Satan and the oppressing power of sin
Excommunication - In the New Testament the Apostle delivers "such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh" (1 Corinthians 5)
Philosopher, Philosophy - ...
These and other delusions prove how busy Satan is in using the mind of man to exalt man in his own eyes, and to lead him away from thescriptures, which alone are able to make wise unto salvation
Bind, Binding - A woman who was bent together, had been "bound" by Satan through the work of a demon, Luke 13:16
Nicodemus - Nature can no more east out nature than Satan cast out Satan
Redeem, Redemption - Thus, Christ's death is portrayed as the payment price for the deliverance of those held captive by Satan (the ransom metaphor must be understood in the light of Jesus' offering of himself in obedience to the Father, however, and not interpreted as a payment to Satan)
Smyrna - 9); she is reviled by a powerful synagogue of Jews, but they are only ‘a synagogue of Satan’ (v. It was not for intellectual errors that the name of ‘Jews’ was denied to the synagogue of Smyrna, while that of ‘synagogue of Satan’ was attached to it (Revelation 2:9)
Synagogue - ...
SYNAGOGUE OF Satan. These are declared to be liars, for they really form a congregation of Satan, doing his work in seducing the saints from their heavenly character
Job, Book of - --
One question could be raised by envy: may not the goodness which secures such direct and tangible rewards be a refined form of selfishness? Satan, the accusing angel, suggests the doubt, "Doth Job fear God for nought ?" and asserts boldly that if those external blessings were withdrawn, Job would cast off his allegiance" he will curse thee to thy face. The question raised by Satan is answered
Judas Iscariot (2) - The character of Judas:...
(a)The good motives theory;...
(b)The Satan incarnate theory;...
(c)The mingled motives theory; he was (α) covetous, (β) ambitious, (γ) jealous. Luke (22:3), who adds to his statement that ‘Satan entered into Judas’ these significant words: ‘being of the number of the twelve’—i. Of Judas in his darkest hour the words of Lavater are true: he ‘acted like Satan, but like a Satan who had it in him to be an Apostle. Luke among the Synoptists, which is obviously intended to furnish an explanation of the act of Betrayal—‘Satan entered into Judas’ (john 22:3). The same phrase, ‘Satan entered into him’ (εἰσῆλθεν εἰς ἐκεῖνον ὁ Σατανᾶς), is also found in John 13:27, and it is preceded by the statement (John 13:2) that the devil had ‘already put into the heart (ἤδη βεβληκότος εἰς τὴν καρδίαν) of Judas’ the thought of betrayal. Luke’s brief account it is said, once for all, that ‘Satan entered into Judas. ’ In the Fourth Gospel the genesis of the foul purpose is distinguished from its consummation; the Satanic influences were not irresistible; the devil had not full possession of the heart of Judas until, ‘after the sop,’ he acted on the suggestion which had then become his own resolve
Jesus Christ - ...
Under the power of the Spirit received at His baptism He encountered Satan in the wilderness. Satan's aim was to tempt Him to doubt His sonship, "if Thou be the Son of God," etc. ...
In fallen man suggestions of hatred of God, delight in inflicting pain, cruel lust, fierce joy in violating law, are among the inward temptations of Satan; but Jesus said before His renewed temptation in Gethsemane, cf6 "the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in Me" (John 14:30). First Satan tried Him through His sinless bodily wants answering to "the flesh" in fallen man. He who nourished crowds with bread Would not one meal unto Himself afford O wonderful the wonders left undone, And scarce less wonderful than those He wrought!...
O self restraint passing all human thought, To have all power and be as having none! O self denying love, which felt alone For needs of others, never for His own! The next temptation in the spiritual order (Matthew gives probably the chronological order) was, Satan tried to dazzle Him, by a bright vision of the world's pomps "in a moment of time," to take the kingdoms of the world at his hands (as "delivered" to him, owing to man's fall) without the cross, on condition of one act of homage to him "the prince of this world. " But Jesus herein detected the adversary, and gives him his name, cf6 "Get thee behind Me, Satan" (His very words to Peter, who, as Satan's tool, for the moment urged the same avoidance of the cross: Matthew 16:23), for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord," (Luke 4:8) etc. Satan turns Jesus' weapon, the word, on Himself, quoting Psalms 91:11-12, and omitting the qualification "in all thy ways," namely, implicit reverent faith and dependence on God, which were "Christ's ways. Satan left Him "for a (rather until the) season," namely, until he renewed the attack at Gethsemane, "and angels came and ministered unto Him," God fulfilling the promise of Psalm 91: in Christ's, not Satan's, way
Adam - From this estate he fell by breaking the express command of God, through the temptations of Satan and the compliance of Eve; and thus brought the curse upon himself and all his posterity
Fashion - 3), is rendered "shall fashion anew" in Philippians 3:21 , RV; AV, "shall change," of the bodies of believers as changed or raised at the Lord's return; in 2 Corinthians 11:13,14,15 , the RV uses the verb "to fashion oneself," for AV, to transform, of Satan and his human ministers, false apostles; in 1 Corinthians 4:6 it is used by way of a rhetorical device, with the significance of transferring by a figure
Lord's Day - If a seventh day sabbath marked Israel's emancipation from Egypt (Deuteronomy 5:15), much more (compare Jeremiah 16:14-15) should the first day sabbath mark ushering in of the world's redemption from Satan by Jesus
Excommunication - New Testament terms for excommunication include: being delivered to Satan (1 Corinthians 5:5 ; 1 Timothy 1:20 ); anathema or cursed and cut off from God (Romans 9:3 ; 1 Corinthians 16:22 ; Galatians 1:8 )
Anthropomorphism - They are also used to assign human characteristics to angels (Genesis 16:7 ; 18:1-19:1 ), Satan (1 Chronicles 21:1 ; Luke 13:16 ), and demons (Luke 8:32 )
Antichrist - The dragon is used twelve times in Revelation and designates the devil and Satan and the enemy of God's Messiah
Tree (2) - , after the ‘harrying of hell’ Hades says to Satan: ‘All that thou gainedst by the tree of knowledge (διὰ τοῦ ξύλου τῆς γνώσεως), by the tree of the Cross (διὰ τοῦ ξύλου τοῦ σταυροῦ) thou hast lost
Har-Magedon - And the place given to ‘the mountains of Israel’ in Ezekiel’s prophecy of the destruction of Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38:8; Ezekiel 38:21; Ezekiel 39:2; Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17), to which the Apocalyptist subsequently refers in his description of the final overthrow of Satan and his hosts (Revelation 20:8), may have served to confirm the idea that a mountain would be the scene of ‘the war of the great day of God, the Almighty
Census - By David, when there was no need for it, he being moved to it by Satan (being permitted by God, 2 Samuel 24:1 ), and which called down the judgement of God on his pride
Armour - ' One stronger than Satan takes away all his 'armour
Smyrna - The Jews in name, really "the synagogue of Satan," blasphemed Christ as "the Hanged One
Abyss - From it ‘the beast’ issues (Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8), and into it ‘the old serpent which is the Devil and Satan’ is cast for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1-3)
Prince - ’ In one, Ephesians 2:2, ‘the prince of the power of the air’ (ὁ ἄρχων τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος), the reference is plainly to Satan
Abyss - From it ‘the beast’ issues (Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8), and into it ‘the old serpent which is the Devil and Satan’ is cast for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1-3)
Possession - ’_ In some religions, as Zarathustrianism and the cults of Mesopotamia, the inferior spirits were grouped into grades as angels, archangels, principalities, and powers, at whose head there sometimes stood a supreme spirit as the Satan. _ Satan was identified with a serpent. _ At other times Jahweh employed a subsidiary spirit like the Satan (Job 2:7) or some other of his messengers,_ Saul’s case is instructive. _ These were organized into a kingdom, the prince of the demons being Beelzebul, otherwise named Satan, and the devil,_ who is the ‘prince of the air,’ and has therein his residence. _ In fact, to some Christians the age appeared one of lawlessness and unbelief lying under the sway of the Satan. _ Satan is not merely a malevolent spirit; he delights in doing evil. He suggests to Judas to betray the Master, and the final surrender of the traitor to the Tempter is described in the words ‘Satan entered into him. _ the Satan,_ one of his messengers,_ or a demon who was sometimes named from the disease with which he infected the sufferer, as a deaf and dumb spirit,_ an unclean spirit,_ a spirit of infirmity,_ etc
Star (2) - In Revelation 9:1 the image of the ‘fallen star’ has a personal reference, Satan apparently being denoted by it (cf. Luke 10:18 ‘I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven’); on the other hand, by the figure of ‘the seven stars’ which Christ holds in His right hand (Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:1; Revelation 3:1) are signified the angels of the seven churches under the direction of Christ; cf. Then spake Satan before the Holy One (Blessed be He): “Lord of the World, for whom is the light hidden beneath Thy throne of glory destined?” [14] “For him who in the time to come will subdue thee and bring thee to shame. ” ’...
The Midrash then goes on to relate that at his request Satan was allowed to see the Messiah, and at the sight of him trembled and sank to the ground, crying out; ‘Truly this is the Messiah, who will deliver me and all heathen kings over to Gehenna
Loose - ...
Psalm 146:7 (a) This action probably refers to the work of GOD in delivering those who are bound by Satan and setting them free. Somewhere in her life Satan had led her into some kind of evil that left its mark on her body. When JESUS came, her body was immediately healed, made whole, and she herself delivered from Satan's bondage to be a follower of the Lord JESUS CHRIST
Fall - Theological reflection has identified him as an instrument of Satan and, thus, legitimately cursed and pictured as the enemy of woman's seed (Genesis 3:14-15 ). Later Scripture also declares that Satan is the ultimate tempter (1 John 3:8 ; Revelation 12:9 ). Some believe a fuller meaning of the verse promises Christ's ultimate victory over Satan (Genesis 3:14-15 )
Mary, Sister of Lazarus - Mary "anointed" Him because He was the Christ; "His feet" because it was for His burial, and it was in His "heel" that Satan "bruised" Him; yet those feet were, because of their bruising, to bruise forever the old serpent's head
Self-Deception - The causes are great and powerful; sin, Satan, the heart, the world, interest, prejudice
Sin (2) - The origination of man's sin was not of himself, but from Satan's deceit; otherwise man's sin would be devilish and ineradicable. That the sinner's eternal punishment would be Satan's eternal triumph. But Satan has had his triumph in bringing sin and death into the world; his sharing the sinner's eternal punishment will be the reverse of a triumph; the abiding punishment of the lost will be a standing witness of God's holy hatred of sin, and a preservative against any future rebellion
Hand - The accuser in a trial stood "at the right hand" of the accused, so Satan at Joshua's right hand (Zechariah 3:1; Psalms 109:6); but the Advocate Messiah also is at the believer's "right hand," to defend his cause effectively (Psalms 16:8; Psalms 109:31); therefore Paul could say (Romans 8:31; Romans 8:33-34), "If God be for us, who can be against us? Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth
Michael - ), there is war in heaven, and Michael and his angels go forth to war with the great red dragon (otherwise described as ‘the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan,’ Daniel 12:9) and his angels, with the result that the latter are overthrown and cast down to the earth
Blasphemy - ) Here was the blasphemy, in ascribing the works of Jesus, wrought evidently the Spirit of JEHOVAH, to the agency of Satan; was blasphemy with a vengeance, and from its peculiar malignity unpardonable
Remonstrants - They believe that God, having an equal regard for all his creatures, sent his Son to die for the sins not of the elect only, but of the whole world; that no mortal is rendered finally unhappy by an eternal and invincible decree, but that the misery of those who perish arises from themselves; and that, in this present imperfect state, believers, if not vigilant, may, through the force of temptation, and the influence of Satan, fall from grace, and sink into final perdition
Offence - A — 1: σκάνδαλον (Strong's #4625 — Noun Neuter — skandalon — skan'-dal-on ) originally was "the name of the part of a trap to which the bait is attached, hence, the trap or snare itself, as in Romans 11:9 , RV, 'stumblingblock,' quoted from Psalm 69:22 , and in Revelation 2:14 , for Balaam's device was rather a trap for Israel than a stumblingblock to them, and in Matthew 16:23 , for in Peter's words the Lord perceived a snare laid for Him by Satan
Egyptians - Thus did Satan delude these cultivated descendants of Ham !...
Their mode of writing, or rather drawing, their language was by hieroglyphics
Gospel - When Jesus came to release people from the bondage of Satan and give them new life, that too was good news (Luke 4:16-19)
the Angel of the Church in Sardis - " It will be on that day to the minister of Sardis like that great day when Joshua stood before the angel of the Lord and Satan stood at his right hand to resist him. Satan will resist him and will tell to his face how he sought his own things in the early days of his ministry and not the things of his people or of his Master. Only let his name be blazoned abroad, Satan will say, and he was happy and all about him were happy. The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee; is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him
Disease - Often called "unclean" spirits (perhaps because of their association with Satan, degradation, and decay) the demons were recognized as powerful opponents of the divine will, in sharp contrast with the Holy Spirit, and everywhere the proximate cause of all humankind's misery and evil. Luke, a physician, delights to show that Christ had overcome Satan, binding "the strong one" and spoiling his possessions. Jesus watched Satan fall from above, and by superior power delivered those whom demons had bound or afflicted (4:1-13,36, 41; 6:18; 8:2,26-35; 10:18; 11:15-26; 13:16)
Atonement - In this imagery, Satan, the head of evil forces and archenemy of God, has humanity in his power. The warfare between Jesus and Satan was real. Yet, divine victory was so certain that Jesus could say in anticipation, “I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven” (Luke 10:18 )
Hades - Since death is not a natural occurrence but invaded creation through the fall and Satan's destructive work (Genesis 2-3 ), the Old Testament personifies Sheol as the power of Satan and his demonic hosts (Job 18:14 ; Psalm 18:4-5 ; Isaiah 28:15 ; Jeremiah 9:21 ). Jesus' reference to the future in Matthew 16:18 concurs with Revelation's vision of Satan's final attack on God's people (19:19; 20:7-9). Thereafter Hades, Satan, and the reprobate will be thrown into Gehenna, the place of God's final retributive punishment. " Hades also denotes the vanquished stronghold of Satan's forces whose end is certain and the intermediate place of punishment for the wicked dead until the final judgment
Man of Sin - Paul as a Rabbinical scholar the portentous figure of the Jewish Antichrist, Satanic, blasphemous, and God-defying, must have been very familiar. His familiarity with it may be traced not only in the language of Daniel 11:4, but in the references to the Beliar-Satan conception which are present in the passage. In Daniel 11:9 the coming of the man of lawlessness is said to be ‘according to the working of Satan. In the persistent malevolence of his own race against Christ and the gospel, the Apostle saw the mystery of iniquity working; but he conceived of that malevolence as culminating at length in the appearance of an Antichrist endowed with Satanic and superhuman qualities, who would deceive men by ‘power and signs and lying wonders’ (v
Revelation, the - Historically this church probably represents the period when Christianity was adopted by the world power ("where Satan's seat is"), which led to thousands becoming nominally Christians, and to the incorporation of heathen elements and institutions into the professing church. Satan had altered his tactics, and the dangers were peculiar, but the Lord looked for overcomers. A star — one in power — falls from heaven: moral darkness and Satanic influence follow. Forms of wickedness, led by Satan, hitherto held in check in the East, are let loose. A woman (Israel) is seen as a sign in heaven, and brings forth a man child (Christ), whom Satan seeks at once to devour, but the child is caught up to God and to His throne. In Revelation 17:8 the beast is described, after its period of non-existence, as reappearing in Satanic power. Satan is cast into the abyss (not into the lake of fire yet) for a thousand years. After this, Satan is loosed for a little season and deceives the nations: they come up and compass the camp of the saints, but fire comes down and devours them. Satan is cast into the lake of fire
Seal - ...
B — 1: σφραγίζω (Strong's #4972 — Verb — sphragizo — sfrag-id'-zo ) "to seal" (akin to A), is used to indicate (a) security and permanency (attempted but impossible), Matthew 27:66 ; on the contrary, of the doom of Satan, fixed and certain, Revelation 20:3 , RV, "sealed it over;" (b) in Romans 15:28 , "when
Lion - ...
Satan is the "roaring lion" as well as the subtle serpent (1 Peter 5:8)
Age, Ages - During this time, Satan appears as the "god" of this age (2Col 4:4) and sin prevails (1 Timothy 6:17-19 ; 2 Timothy 4:10 ; Titus 2:12 )
Unrighteousness - 18-20), where both the two ways and the two angels occur in association: ‘There are two ways of doctrine and authority, the one of light, and the other of darkness … over one are stationed the light-bringing angels of God, but over the other the angels of Satan
Lie, Lying - Jesus attributes its origin to Satan ( John 8:44 ; cf
Hierapolis - John is also believed to have preached at Hierapolis, and the progress of Christianity there was represented as the victory over the Echidna or serpent of aesculapius, which was identified with Satan
Judas - Satan espied bis opportunity and took it
Vagabond - I only conceive that the word vagabond hath somewhat in it of a reprobate state; and I am the more confirmed in this opinion from what Satan said of himself, Job 1:7
Deliverer - It means ultimately the over-throw of Satan and the complete triumph of Christ in a new heaven and a new earth (the Apocalypse)
Horn - ...
Revelation 12:3 (a) The figure represents Satan and his mighty power in controlling men. ...
Revelation 13:1 (a) This type represents Satan's antichrist who will have power over the nations
Destruction - ’ In Revelation 9:11 ὁ Ἀπολλύων, the destroyer, is the title of Satan
Evil Spirits - Accordingly the Chronicler represents Satan as the instigator of David ( 1 Chronicles 21:1 )
Fierceness - The fierceness which marks His rejection of the third temptation (Matthew 4:10) is paralleled in the ‘Get thee behind me, Satan’ with which Peter’s proffered intervention is repelled (Mark 8:33)
Isaacus Ninivita, Anchorite And Bishop - 23 is directed against those who asked If God be good why did He create sin Gehenna Death and Satan? Elsewhere Isaacus says that there is a natural faculty whereby we discern good from evil to lose which is to sink lower than one's natural state; and this faculty precedes faith and leads us thereto
Blindness - The god of this world, or Satan, who is supposed to have power over the course of affairs in the present ace, is assigned as the cause of this condition (cf
Cedron - Here, indeed, Jesus often walked, for he loved the sacred haunts of that hallowed ground, where he knew his last agony, in the conflicts with Satan, was to take place
Spirit - ...
"Distinguishing or discerning of spirits" consisted in discerning whether a man were really inspired by the Spirit of God, or was a false prophet, an impostor, who only followed the impulse of his own spirit or of Satan
Atonement, the Day of - The best modern scholars agree that it designates the personal being to whom the goat was sent, probably Satan
Tichonius, an African Donatist - (7) The personality of Satan
Thessalonians, the Epistles to the - While at Athens Paul longed to visit the Thessalonians again, and see their spiritual state, and "perfect that which was lacking in their faith" (1 Thessalonians 3:10); but "Satan (through the instrumentality of the Thessalonian Jews probably, John 13:27) hindered" him (1 Thessalonians 2:18; Acts 17:13). Also 2 Thessalonians 2:9, "the man of sin" coming after the working of "Satan," with 1 Thessalonians 2:18; 1 Thessalonians 3:5, where Satan appears in his earlier phase as "hinderer" of the gospel and "tempter
Zechariah, Theology of - ...
Satan . In Zechariah 3 we catch a glimpse of a heavenly tribunal in which Joshua, the high priest, stands accused by a figure known as "The Satan" or "The Adversary. " The term in Hebrew has the definite article so it should be translated as a title rather than by "Satan, " as if it were a proper name. " God's revelation in the Old Testament is limited; having the benefit of the New Testament our picture of Satan as an entirely wicked spiritual foe, fallen from heaven, is more complete
Sin - Satan uses a serpent to tempt Eve and Adam, first to question God, then to rebel against him. First, Satan introduces doubts about God's authority and goodness. Whereas Satan prompted Adam and Eve to sin, God himself cannot talk Cain out of it (Genesis 3:1-5 ; 4:6 ). In some places Satan reigns (2:13). Similarly, when Satan tempted Jesus, the second Adam, he offered things good in themselves: food, knowledge, and rule over the kingdoms of the earth
Thessalonians, First Epistle to the - Paul in Athens, and was sent back to Thessalonica under impulse of the Apostle’s deep concern for his converts, whom he could not re-visit personally, for ‘Satan hindered us’ ( 1 Thessalonians 3:1-2 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:17-18 ). Paul should not re-enter the city, an absolute barrier, described as hindrance by Satan
False Prophet - ...
In the endtimes, false prophets will attempt to deceive the world's populace into following the false prophet, the beast, and Satan himself (Matthew 24:1,24 ; Revelation 16:13-14 ; 19:20 ; 20:10 )even by performing miracles and signs. But this will be the last time false prophecy is seen, for Christ's return will destroy the whole institution of false prophecy along with its sponsors: Satan, the beast, and the false prophet
Millennium - And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and, after that, he must be loosed a little season. But that this last supposition is a mistake, the very next verse but one assures us; for we are there told, that, "when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth;" and we have no reason to believe that he will have such power or such liberty in "the new heavens and the new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness
Joshua, Book of - Jericho (type of the world antagonistic to the Lord's rights ranged under Satan) was the first city taken, and the manner of its destruction showed plainly that power for conquest was really in Jehovah. Type of the devices of Satan, against which the Christian is warned
War - " Antitypically, the spiritual Israel under Jehovah battle against Satan with spiritual arms (2 Corinthians 10:4-5; Ephesians 6:10-17; Deuteronomy 21:10-1476; 1 Thessalonians 6:12; 2 Timothy 2:3; Numbers 19:13-1681; Revelation 6:2)
Suffering - Satan would tempt believers to be defeated in their suffering (2 Corinthians 4:8-12 ; Revelation 2:10 )
Herod the Great - We know from Revelation 12:1-5 that Satan was really the actor through Herod; but he was defeated then and will be again and again until his final doom
Abomination, Abomination of Desolation - Others see the end of any and all efforts of heathenism in the spiritual victory by Jesus over Satan
Shepherd - The shepherd had a mantle of sheepskin with the fleece on (Jeremiah 43:12), a wallet for food (1 Samuel 17:40), a sling such as the Bedouin still carries, a staff to ward off foes and to guide the flock with its crook (Psalms 23:4; Zechariah 11:7; so Jehovah "lifts up His staff against" His people's foes, Isaiah 10:1-24; His word is at once our prop of support and our defense against Satan)
Hilarion (1), a Hermit of Palestine - His disordered fancy summoned up a thousand temptations of Satan, but he overcame them all by calling on the name of Christ
Archangel - Some have thought that the archangel spoken of by Jude cannot mean Christ, because it is there said, that he durst not bring against Satan a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee
Kingdom, Kingdom of God, Kingdom of Heaven - There are multitudes who profess obedience to God and to the Lord Jesus, and who look to heaven as the throne from whence come all their blessings, while they are passing through a world of which Satan is the god and prince; but to the saints the kingdom of God is very real
Moon - "The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly
Redemption - Hence, in the above cited and other passages, it is said, "We have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins," in opposition to guilt; redemption from "the curse of the law;" deliverance from sin, that "we should be set free from sin;" deliverance from the power of Satan; from death, by a resurrection; and from future "wrath," by the gift of eternal life
Navel - " So that not only shall all the redeemed of the Lord ultimately centre in him, but the enemies of the Lord shall be given up into his almighty hands, and here, as to one centre, shall they all meet for destruction; all evil things, sin, Satan, death, and hell to be put under his feet, when the Lord Jesus Christ shall come "to root out of his kingdom all things that offend
Justice - The accuser is named in several places, Satan, that is, the adversary, Psalm 109:6 Zechariah 3:1-3
Jeshua - " Jeshua represents Jerusalem (and so the church) before Jehovah; accused by Satan, but justified by Jehovah, of His own will and choice, through Messiah his Advocate, who strips off his rags (compare Isaiah 64:6), and "clothes him with change of raiment (the filthy garments were worn by those on trial; the white robe or caftan is put on an Eastern minister of state when acquitted; compare Isaiah 61:10), and sets a fair (symbolizing purity) mitre (the priestly turban, the pledge of the reestablished priesthood) upon his head," in answer to Zechariah's prayer Zechariah 3:1-9)
Cross, Crucifixion - In addition the cross “disarmed” the demonic “powers” and forged the final triumph over Satan and his hordes, forcing those spiritual forces to follow his train in a victory procession (Colossians 2:15 NIV). The cross was Satan's great error. When Satan entered Judas in betraying Jesus, he undoubtedly did not realize that the cross would prove his greatest defeat. Satan participated in his own undoing!...
The Symbolic Meaning Jesus Himself established the primary figurative interpretation of the cross as a call to complete surrender to God
Discipline - The key text in this regard is 1 Corinthians 5:1-5 , where Paul responds to a case of incest by commanding, "hand this man over to Satan, " an expression employed similarly in 1 Timothy 1:20 . It is clear that the early church understood the realm of Satan to be everywhere outside the fellowship of believers (2Col 4:4; Galatians 1:4 ; Ephesians 2:2 ) and that Paul's expression here denotes expulsion from the community. That the sentence is reformatory is confirmed by the fact that Paul ends the pronouncement in 1 Corinthians 5:5 with the express intent that the offender's spirit may be "saved in the day of the Lord"; similarly, 1 Timothy 1:20 notes that "Hymenaeus and Alexander were handed over to Satan to be taught not to blaspheme
Issachar - ...
We should help to transfer the kingdom from Satan to its coming rightful Lord (Luke 19:12-27; Luke 19:44). " They are truly "wise" who "turn many from the power of Satan unto God" (Daniel 12:3; Acts 26:18)
Incest - In a case where a man has committed incest (apparently marrying the former wife of his father) without the objection of the Christian community, Paul banishes the man and hands him over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh and the preservation of the Spirit (v. Therefore, Paul banishes the man and hands him over to Satan, the agent of destruction
Thessalonians, Epistles to the - Paul soon left them, hoping to revisit them within a short time, but Satan hindered him. When He is gone and the church with Him, the lawless one will be fully revealed as after the working of Satan, with miracles and wonders and unrighteous deceit in them that perish, who would not receive the love of the truth that they might be saved
Serpent - For the serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 See Fall (4), and Satan, p
Descent Into Hell (Hades) - And the author of Hebrews (2:14-16) declared that just as Jesus shared fully in the humanity of Abraham's seed, so also he shared the entire experience of death, by which he destroyed the power of Satan
Bread, Bread of Presence - This concept enabled Jesus to reject the temptations of Satan (Matthew 4:3-4 ; Luke 4:3-4 ), and also underlies the practice of fasting, that is, refraining from eating bread during periods of intense focus on an encounter with God (Exodus 34:28 ; Deuteronomy 9:9 ; 2 Samuel 3:35 )
Serpent - " It was under the form of a serpent that the devil seduced Eve; hence in Scripture Satan is called "the old serpent
Powers - Rather than relating to magic or magical formulas, common in the ancient world, Jesus' powerful Word overcame demonic forces, and demonstrates "the invading dominion of God, " expelling Satan and the demons
God And Magog - In the Book of Revelation (Revelation 20:7-8) the seer tells that Satan, after being bound for one Thousand years, shall be loosed and go forth to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle
Lion - If, however, the reference is to the lion’s mouth, then Satan may be intended as a devouring adversary (cf
Bind - ...
Matthew 12:29 (a) Here we find that CHRIST will defeat Satan, will conquer him, will make him helpless, and thus deliver from his grasp those whom He calls to be His children
Excommunication - But it does not appear that the infliction of this discipline was accompanied with any of those forms of excommunication, of delivering over to Satan, or of solemn execration, which were usual among the Jews, and subsequently introduced into them by the Romish church
Manichaeans - Having thus brought hyle, or Satan, into being, they next found an empire and employment for him
Serpent - So completely was Satan permitted to insult our fallen race, that the serpent, his chosen agent in accomplishing our ruin, was actually raised to the first place among the deities of the Heathen world, and reverenced by the most solemn acts of worship. The serpent typhon of the Egyptians, who is sometimes identified with the ocean, because the deluge was esteemed the work of the evil principle; and the serpent python of the Greeks, who is evidently the same as the monster typhon; appear to have similarly originated, in the first instance, from some remembrance of the form which Satan assumed when in paradise. Here the pristine glory and majesty of Satan, before the lineaments of celestial beauty were defaced by his rebellious apostasy, seem not obscurely to be alluded to; while the craft and malevolence, which mark his character as a fallen angel, are depicted with sufficient accuracy. The mind, once darkened by the admission of an allegiance divided between God and Satan, became gradually more feeble and superstitious, until at length sensible objects were called in to aid the weakness of degraded intellect; and from their first form as symbols, passed rapidly through the successive stages of apotheosis, until they were elevated into gods
Renunciation - The project of kingship He recognized as the temptation of Satan. In mediaeval ideas pride held the dark pre-eminence, and conceptions of Satan were formed therefrom
Messiah - They were not looking for a spiritual leader who would deliver people from the enemy Satan and bring them under the rule and authority of God. ...
Just as Jesus opposed Satan who tempted him with the prospect of an earthly kingdom, so he opposed those who wanted him to be king because they thought he could bring them political and material benefits (John 6:15; John 6:26; cf
Matthew, the Gospel of - As God's Son, Jesus had the authority and power to confront Satan and overcome. Jesus obeyed God's Word and defeated Satan (Matthew 4:1-11 ). Jesus' authority responds to faith, conquers demons, and does not come from Satan (Matthew 9:18-34 ). Faith sees Jesus as Messiah, but blindness calls Him Satanic (Matthew 12:22-37 )
Devil - Used with the definite article, its original meaning was that of the accuser or traducer of men (see Satan), whence it soon came to denote the supreme spirit of evil, the personal tempter of man and enemy of God. Possession is thrice alluded to ( John 7:20 ; John 8:40 ; John 10:28 ) as a suggested explanation of Christ’s work and influence; but evil generally is traced back rather to the activity of the devil ( John 6:70 , where ‘a devil’ is not a demon, but the word is used metaphorically much as ‘Satan’ in Matthew 16:23 , John 13:2 ; John 13:27 ), whose subordinates fall into the background. ...
In the OT this process has advanced so far that the personal name Satan (wh
Exodus, Book of - Moses smote the rock and there came water out of the rock — type of the Holy Spirit — and this was followed by conflict: they fought with Amalek (type of Satan seeking to act upon the weak flesh of the believer: comp
Evil - ...
Third, back of human revolt stood Satan. It was Satan's appeal which stirred within Adam and Eve the desire which led them to sin
Sop - For ‘after the sop, then [6]1 Satan entered into him
Authority - Sixth, the word denotes the dominion God allows Satan to exercise (Acts 26:18 ; Ephesians 2:2 )
Levi - O Lord! may we well say, in making our responses to the prayer of Moses, Bless, Lord, our Lord Jesus, the sum and substance of all salvation: accept the work of his hands the infinite merit of his whole redemption work! Let sin, Satan, death, and hell, be smitten all of them through the centre, the very loins of their rebellion, and let all that hate our Jesus flee before him! Amen
Mark, Gospel by - There are no details here of the temptation: simply the fact stated that Jesus was tempted of Satan forty days, and was with the wild beasts, and the angels ministered unto Him
Anger, Angry - " It is said of individuals, in Matthew 5:22 ; 18:34 ; 22:7 ; Luke 14:21 ; 15:28 , and Ephesians 4:26 (where a possible meaning is "be ye angry with yourselves"); of nations, Revelation 11:18 ; of Satan as the Dragon, Revelation 12:17
Philadelphia - Hating instead of loving, they are a synagogue not of God, but of Satan
Day of the Lord - ...
Jesus Christ’s first coming was, in a sense, a day of the Lord, for through Christ God intervened in the affairs of the world to conquer Satan, deal with sin and proclaim his kingdom (Matthew 3:11-12; Matthew 4:14-17; Acts 2:16-21; see KINGDOM OF GOD)
Peter - Peter conversely, by shrinking from a crucified Saviour and dissuading Him from the cross, "be it far from Thee," identified Himself with Satan who tempted Jesus to take the world kingdom without the cross (Matthew 4:8-10), and is therefore called "Satan," cf6 "get thee behind Me, Satan," etc. ...
Satan would" sift" (Amos 9:9) all the disciples, but Peter especially; and therefore for him especially Jesus interceded
Captivity - led in triumphal procession as captives for destruction those who once had led men captive, namely, Satan, death, hell, the curse, sin (Ephesians 4:8; Psalms 68:18; Colossians 2:15; 2 Peter 2:4). Revelation 20:10; Revelation 20:14, thus: "he that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity" (Revelation 13:10); Satan who "brings into captivity to the law of sin and death" (Romans 7:23) is brought into captivity (2 Corinthians 10:5; Isaiah 49:24; Hosea 13:14)
Angels - Satan is their prince, a liar, murderer, slanderer; and such are they (John 8:44). ...
Michael (whom some questionably identify with the Son of God) is represented as Israel's champion against Israel's (the literal and the spiritual) accuser, Satan (Daniel 12:1, compare Revelation 12:7-10). ...
There are various ranks, thrones, principalities, powers in the angelic kingdom of light, as there are also in Satan's kingdom of darkness (Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 6:12; Colossians 1:16; Daniel 10:13; Daniel 12:1; Romans 8:38)
Corinthians, Epistles to the - Paul judged the case as present in spirit to deliver the guilty one to Satan; but they themselves must put away the wicked person. ...
2 Corinthians 3 : Paul enters on the subject of his ministry, the authority of which had been much shaken by the devices of Satan at Corinth
Millenarians - John saith, that, upon the final destruction of the beast and of the false prophet, ‘Satan is bound,' &c, Revelation 20:2-6 . Others have understood this paragraph of Scripture in a figurative sense; that by this reign of Christ on earth, is not meant his coming from heaven to earth, in his human visible nature; but his taking to himself his power, and utterly overthrowing the kingdom of Satan, and setting up his own kingdom throughout the world, which, before this, had been confined to very narrow bounds; subduing all hearts to a willing subjection, and thus reigning generally over the men who shall then be in the world, and live in that thousand years. Satan cannot be bound with a literal, material chain. The whole is a figure, and can mean no more than, that, when the time of the millennium arrives, or rather previous to it, Jesus Christ will lay effectual restraints on Satan, so that his powerful and prevailing influence, by which he had before deceived and destroyed a great part of mankind, shall be wholly taken from him for a thousand years. And he will, in the same way, come to destroy antichrist, and the kingdom of Satan in the world, and introduce the millennium; and in these instances, and others, he may be said to appear
Rejoice - Isaiah 51:2 ), the word is applied to the effects of the gospel, in that the progeny of grace would greatly exceed the number of those who had acknowledged allegiance to the Law; grace and faith are fruitful, law and works are barren as a means of salvation; in Revelation 12:12 , it is used in a call to the heavens to "rejoice" at the casting out of Satan and the inauguration of the Kingdom of God in manifestation and the authority of His Christ; in Revelation 18:20 , of a call to heaven, saints, apostles, prophets, to "rejoice" in the destruction of Babylon
Suffering - ...
Satan takes pleasure in causing people to suffer (Luke 13:16; 2 Corinthians 12:7), but he can do his cruel work only to the extent God allows (Job 1:8-12; Job 2:1-8)
Rebuke - The severity of His rebuke of Peter, ‘Get thee behind me, Satan,’ was not because Peter was, though unconsciously, acting the part of a tempter to Him
Prison, Prisoners - It is Satan who will be imprisoned during the millennium (Revelation 20:1-3 ,Revelation 20:1-3,20:7 )
Seeing - In this connexion also is to be noted the strange utterance of our Lord in Luke 10:18, where, on the return of the Seventy, He speaks of His beholding Satan ‘fallen as lightning from heaven,’ which must imply His spiritual prevision of the final overthrow of the powers of evil, and the establishment of His Divine kingdom
Miracles, Signs, Wonders - “Wonders” are usually presented as God's activity (Acts 2:19 ; Acts 4:30 ; Acts 5:12 ; Acts 6:8 ; Acts 7:36 ; Acts 14:3 ; Acts 15:12 ), though sometimes they refer to the work of Satan through human instruments (Matthew 24:24 ; Mark 13:22 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:9 ; Revelation 13:11-13 )
Presence of God - Satan came before the Lord when he sought permission to attack Job (1:6,12)
Israel in Egypt - ...
Israel in Egypt is typical of mankind in the world, under the power of Satan, before being sheltered under the blood of Christ, and redeemed by the power of God
Type - EGYPTas the place where the Israelites were in slavery to the Egyptians — type of the world where mankind is in bondage to Satan, the god of this world
Joseph - ...
The temptations of Joseph, by the wife of Potiphar, bear no very distant resemblance to the temptations of the Lord Jesus by Satan
Judas Iscariot - Such might have been the plausible suggestions by which Satan tempted him to the commission of this crime
Job, the Book of - However, unknown to him, Satan challenged his righteousness. God allowed the challenge, but limited Satan's power to Job's possessions (Job 1:6-12 ). In quick succession, Satan destroyed all of Job's possessions including even his children. Satan then challenged God to let him attack Job's personal health
Ephesians, Theology of - I am sending you to them to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me'" (Acts 26:16-18 ). ...
His perspective is that Satan, who dwells in the region around the earth (2:2), is actively trying to destroy the unity of the church. Satan, the "ruler of the kingdom of the air " (2:2) dwells in a lower heaven around the earth known as the firmament in Jewish apocalyptic thought
Will - Acts 5:3 : ‘Why hath Satan filled thy heart?’ (but note v. 9: ‘How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?’); 2 Corinthians 2:11 : ‘that no advantage may be gained over us by Satan’; 2 Corinthians 4:4; James 1:14 : ‘Each man is tempted, when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed’ (the words used suggest the metaphor of an angler). This is sometimes but not always connected with the discarnate personality called Satan (see artt
Eschatology - The first was the present age, which is full of wickedness and under the control of Satan, and the second is the coming age, when God’s Kingdom is to be supreme and all enemies of the Law are to be punished. Enoch 32, 33) in which Satan is bound; by a great period of conflict in which Satan and his hosts are finally defeated and cast into the lake of fire; and by a general resurrection including the wicked for the purpose of judgment
Paul the Apostle - And under his ultimate sway there is evil, somehow orchestrated by Satan (10 times in Paul) or the devil (5 times). It is also one that links him readily to Jesus, whose dramatic encounters with Satan form a major motif in the Gospels. "The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet" (Romans 16:20 )
Demoniac - It is evident that the devil and his angels, according to all that we can learn of them in the sacred books, are real beings; that the demons of the New Testament are malignant spirits; and that they act upon the same principles, and even under the authority of Satan himself, who is otherwise called Beelzebub, and the prince of the devils, Nay, in these very cases of possession, the chief of the apostate angels is clearly set forth as acting either in his own person, or by means of his infernal agents. And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand; and if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself: how shall then his kingdom stand?"...
5
Ransom (2) - Christ’s soul, therefore, it was taught, was given up to Satan as the price of the surrender of these assumed rights over mankind. But Satan was deceived in the bargain, for, having obtained possession of the sinless soul of Jesus, he could not hold it
Sin - Satan introduced sin when he beguiled Eve, but the Bible does not teach that sin had its origin with him either. Christ has negated the power of Satan in making death horrible and has freed the person from slavery to this awful fear (Hebrews 2:14-15
Light And Darkness - ’ When we read in 2 Corinthians 11:14, ‘Even Satan fashioneth himself into an angel of light,’ the evident suggestion is that Satan’s true form is that of a prince of darkness, not an angel of light. In Acts 26:18 there is a significant parallelism between darkness and the power of Satan on the one hand, and light and the redeeming grace of God on the other; and in 2 Corinthians 6:14 f
the Angel of the Church in Thyatira - The Son of God who has His eyes like unto a flame of fire wherewith to search to the bottom all the depths of Satan that are in Thyatira. As many as had ears to hear in Thyatira they could measure quite well by the increasing depth of his preaching and his prayers the increasing depths of Satan through which their minister was wading all the week
Head - ...
Genesis 3:15 (b) This is a type of the utter defeat that shall be brought upon Satan by the Lord JESUS CHRIST. It may also be taken as a prophecy of the destruction of Satan
Miracles - ...
The miracles by the Lord and His apostles were nearly all wrought for the welfare of men, curing them from the diseases of mind and body, and dispossessing them of demons, thus spoiling the kingdom of Satan. Satan in the days of the apostles had his counterfeits (cf
Devote, Devoted - The context of some of these passages indicates that these nations may be symbolic for nations at the final battle against the forces of Satan. Paul indicates that destruction of the flesh for the salvation of the soul was in Satan's domain (1 Corinthians 5:5 )
Forgiveness - The Pharisees refused to see the merciful hand of God in the work of Jesus, and rather attributed His miracles to the power of Satan
Resurrection of Christ - The kingdom of darkness has been overthrown, Satan has fallen as lightning from heaven, and the triumph of truth over error, of good over evil, of happiness over misery is for ever secured
Witness - The first woe is the plague of tormenting locusts; the second is the slaughter wrought by the fiery horses and their angel riders; the last is apparently the final overthrow of Satan and the completed destruction of the wicked in the drama of 12-20
Peace - And Paul wrote, "The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet" (Romans 16:20 )
Energy - of God, in Philippians 3:21 of the exalted Christ, in 2 Thessalonians 2:9 of Satan
Serpent - " And as the simple act of faith in the Israelite in the wilderness, when beholding the brazen serpent as typical of Christ, became the sole means of recovery when dying under the effects of the serpent's poison in the old dispensation, so the simple act of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ becomes the sole cause of salvation when dying under the consequences of sin and Satan under the New
Inspiration - ...
It may be noted that scripture records the sayings of wicked men, and of Satan himself
Old - , of Satan, Revelation 12:9 ; 20:2 , see No
Break, Breaker, Breaking, Brake - 9 is used in the next clause); the "breaking" of fetters in pieces, Mark 5:4 ; the "breaking" of an alabaster cruse, Mark 14:3 ; an earthenware vessel, Revelation 2:27 ; of the physical bruising of a person possessed by a demon, Luke 9:39 ; concerning Christ, "a bone of Him shall not be broken," John 19:36 ; metaphorically of the crushed condition of a "broken-hearted" person, Luke 4:18 (AV only); of the eventual crushing of Satan, Romans 16:20
Death - Satan uses death to bind people in fear, but God uses death to release them from Satan’s power
Sin - Paul regard sin as a personal agent? As a Jew he believed in Satan and a host of evil spirits; and probably, if pressed to explain the power of sin, he would have appealed to this personal agency; but we must not assume that when he thus speaks of sin he is always thinking of Satan. Sin is for him an objective reality without being always identified with Satan (see Sanday-Headlam, International Critical Commentary , ‘Romans,’ p. ...
(c) It must be noticed that in this Epistle there is a very marked emphasis on Satan as the source of man’s sin
Zechariah, the Book of - Zechariah, like Genesis, Job, and Chronicles, brings Satan personally into view. ...
The first vision represents Jehovah' s messengers announcing that after walking to and fro through the earth they found it at rest (in contrast to and counterworking Satan who "walks to and fro upon the earth" to hurt the saints, Job 1:7); this secure rest of the pagan earth is the interceding Angel's plea for the desolate temple and Judah, and elicits Jehovah's great jealousy for Zion, so that He returns to her with mercies and with judgments on the pagan oppressor (Haggai 2:20-23). ...
The next two (fourth and fifth) visions (Zechariah 3-4) show Joshua the high priest's (representing Jerusalem) trial and vindication against Satan, being justified by Jehovah through Messiah the Righteous Branch, though unclean in himself (compare Psalms 109:6; Psalms 109:31; Luke 1:11; Judges 1:9; Judges 1:23; Romans 8:33-34; Isaiah 64:6; Isaiah 61:10; Isaiah 66:21; Revelation 19:8; Luke 15:22). ...
The red go northward to bathe in blood, Babylon; the white go north after the red, to conquer Medo-Persia; the grisled go south to deal with Graeco-Macedonian Egypt; the bay or rather fleet "walk to and fro through the earth" to counterwork "Satan's going to and fro in the earth" in connection with Rome, the last of the four world powers (Job 1:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:8-9; 1 Timothy 4:1)
Jesus Christ - ...
Almost immediately after Jesus received this special power from the Father, Satan tempted him to use it according to his own will, independently of the Father; but Jesus overcame the temptation (Matthew 4:1-11; see TEMPTATION). ...
If Satan tempted Jesus to use his divine powers for his own benefit, Jesus must have possessed those powers (Matthew 4:3-4; Matthew 26:53-54). The kingdom of God is the kingly rule of God, and Jesus proclaimed and exercised that rule as he released sick and demonized people from the power of Satan (1618451854_81; Matthew 12:28)
Census - "Satan stood up against Israel and provoked David to number Israel. " Pride is peculiarly of Satan (Isaiah 14:12), and proud presumption actuated David
Messiah - The account of Adam and Eve's deviation, under Satan's influence, from the will, purposes, and goals of God is well known. He cursed the serpent/Satan and all his followers. He promised that the covenantal relationship would be restored through the victory that the seed of the woman would have over Satan. ...
Satanic efforts to render the redemptive/restorative covenant ineffective are recorded throughout the Scriptures. The murder of Abel (Genesis 4:8 ) and the violence that saturated society before and during the first part of Noah's life, bear testimony to Satan's efforts (Genesis 4-5 ; 6:1-8 )
Impotence - ...
The reference of our Lord to Satan as binding the woman is not to be understood as pointing to possession, although it may have been a reflexion of the current idea that all bodily deformity was due to demonic agency—in which case the description is due to the Evangelist lather than to Jesus. But most probably it indicates our Lord’s view of the infirmity as being part of that widespread calamity and curse that lies upon the whole race, of which complex coil Satan is the summary and representative
the Angel of the Church of the Laodiceans - And at such times of temptation, Satan would say to Him-'If thou be the Son of God, command these stones to become bread, and command the wayside streams to run with wine and milk. ' But He would say to Satan-'Neither have I gone back from the commandment of His lips: I have esteemed the words of His mouth more than my necessary food
Samuel, First Book of - His victory over the giant is a striking type of Christ's victory over the power of Satan in the cross. ...
When Saul approached his end, and could get no answer from God, he resorted to the witch at Endor: just as man, who has rejected Christ these 2,000 years, will at the close of this age, in the apostasy of Christendom, give himself up to Satan
Vincentius Lirinensis - His apostle bids us beware of false apostles (2Co_11:13-15) the imitators of Satan who transform themselves into angels of light. Their employment of Scripture resembles that of Satan in the temptation of our Lord
Simon Magus - Ignatius, the earliest of the Fathers, calls him ‘the firstborn of Satan’: Irenæus marks him out as the first of all heretics: and later centuries have shown their sense of the greatness of his sin by using the word simony to indicate the crime of procuring a spiritual office by purchase
Vision(s) - The visions of the book reveal the struggle between God and Satan and their servants in heaven and on earth, in addition to visions of God's care for his people
Babylon, Mystical - ...
Then she was "persecuted" by" the dragon, Satan," but nourished by divine Providence for "three and a half times" "in the wilderness" of the Gentile world
Evil, Evil-Doer - 2), is used as a noun, (a) of Satan as the "evil" one, Matthew 5:37 ; 6:13 ; 13:19,38 ; Luke 11:4 (in some texts); John 17:15 ; Ephesians 6:16 ; 2 Thessalonians 3:3 ; 1 John 2:13,14 ; 3:12 ; 5:18,19 ; (b) of human beings, Matthew 5:45 ; (probably ver
Oracle - And the Lord asked him, How? To which Satan answered, I will go and be a lying spirit in the mouth of his prophets
Jews in the New Testament - )...
Revelation The two references in the Book of Revelation are to the church at Smyrna (Revelation 2:9 ) and the church at Philadelphia (Revelation 3:9 ), where there were those who claimed to be Jews but who were denounced as the “synagogue of Satan” because they opposed Christians
Temptation, Test - ...
In Jesus' ministry Satan stands out as the great choreographer of temptation, so that he is referred to as the tempter (Matthew 4:3 ) and the devil (Mark 1:13 )
Look - On one occasion His disciples were permitted to share a deeper gaze into the world behind the veil—‘And He said unto them, I beheld (ἐθεώρουν) Satan as lightning fall from heaven’ (Luke 10:18)
Angel - ...
2 Corinthians 11:14 (a) The passage clearly states that Satan, the Devil, is an angel of light
Mouth - ...
Revelation 12:15 (a) By this figure is represented the power of Satan by which he endeavors to destroy the nation of Israel, and to blot out all trace of the Lord JESUS CHRIST
Deceit, Deception, Guile - Pfleiderer in Early Christian Conception of Christ (1905) devotes a chapter to the subject of Christ as the Conqueror of Satan—‘that old serpent, called the Devil, which deceiveth the whole world’ (Revelation 12:9)
Antichrist - Subsequently he was identified with Satan, who was also identified with the dragon (cf. These various elements possess so much in common that it was inevitable that they should be combined in the figure of the Satanic opponent whom the Christ would utterly destroy as a pre-condition of establishing His Kingdom of God. 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 , Revelation 19:11-2186 , 1 John 2:18-22 ; 1 John 4:3 , 2 John 1:7 , Revelation 11:4-13 ; Revelation 13:1-18 ; Revelation 13:17 ; 1618451855_1 , Mark 13:14-20 ), will show that there was always present in the minds of the writers of the NT a superhuman figure, Satanic in power and character, who was to be the head of opposition both to the people of Christ and to the Christ Himself. 4), as well as in other Jewish writings, as one who possessed the Satanic supremacy over the army of devils. The figure of Antichrist, Satanic, Neronic, falsely prophetic, the enemy of God and His Kingdom, moves out into theological history, to be identified by successive ages with nearly every great opponent of the Church and its doctrines, whether persecutor or heretic
Lord's Supper - When coming from it, we should admire the condescensions of divine grace; watch against the snares of Satan, and the allurements of the world; rejoice in the finished work of Christ, depend upon the gracious influence of the Spirit, that we may keep up a sense of the divine favour, and be longing for heaven, where we hope at last to join the general assembly of the first-born
Keep, Watch, Guard - Satan was directed “to keep,” or “to tend” (so as not to allow it to be destroyed) Job’s life: “Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life” (Job 2:6)
Sin - This sin, or blasphemy, as it should rather be called, many scribes and Pharisees were guilty of, who, beholding our Lord do his miracles, affirmed that he wrought them by Beelzebub, the prince of devils, which was, in effect, calling the Holy Ghost Satan, a most horrible blasphemy; and, as on this ground they rejected Christ, and salvation by him, their sin could certainly have no forgiveness
Arise, Arose, Arouse, Raise, Rise, Rouse - of officials against people, Acts 5:17 ; of a seditious leader, 5:36; of the "rising" up of Satan, Mark 3:26 ; of false teachers, Acts 20:30 ; (c) of "rising" to a position of preeminence or power e
Dualism - In post-exilic Judaism, however, there was a twofold tendency so to assert the transcendence of God that angels must be recognized as mediating between Him and the world, and to preserve His moral perfection by assigning the evil in the world to the agency of evil spirits under the leadership of Satan , the adversary. In the Apocalyptic literature the present world is represented as under Satan’s dominion, and as wrested from him only by a supernatural manifestation of God’s power to establish His Kingdom
Prison - (2) The term ‘prison’ is also applied to ‘the bottomless pit’ (RV_ ‘the abyss’), in which Satan is bound a thousand years (Revelation 20:7; cf
Christ, Christology - These typological offices notably describe Jesus' royal messiahship, which inaugurates the saving reign of God by the anointing of the Spirit and the invasion of Satanic territory. 24-25) as Jesus will invade demonic strongholds and plunder Satan's goods (Matthew 12:28-29 ). Haggai foretells the glorious overthrow of the kingdoms of the nations with their chariots and riders by the victorious servant king anointed by the Lord of hosts (2:21-23); Jesus claims to be the victorious king of the kingdom of God who is binding Satan by the power of the Spirit (Matthew 12:28-29 ). Jesus evinces a characteristic eschatological power that reveals his messianic self-understanding: in him the reign of God is personified; he is acting as the anointed agent in a powerful invasion to rescue Satan's prisoners, one by one. The new and forceful arrival of the redemptive reign of God is embodied in the ministry of Jesus, who binds Satan and plunders his stronghold, releasing his prisoners: "But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. In these declarations of messianic intention Jesus shows that he is conscious of being the stronger man who, with the Father and the Spirit, is despoiling Satanic power and redeeming prisoners from spiritual bondage. The older typology is condemned as obsolete, and even as demonic ("Get behind me, Satan!"), now that Christ has come in fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy (Matthew 16:22-23 )
Miracles - And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand: and if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?" Matthew 12:24-26 . It tended to overthrow it, by the introduction of principles far different from those which Satan would inspire, and by prosecuting objects totally opposite to those which that wicked and malignant spirit would tempt us to pursue: so that in proportion to the prevalence of the kingdom of Christ, the kingdom of Satan would of course be diminished
Montanus - The church party looked on the Montanists as wilfully despising our Lord's warning to beware of false prophets, and as being in consequence deluded by Satan, in whose power they placed themselves by accepting as divine teachers women possessed by evil spirits. On the contrary, it was owned that they had a certain plausibility; when with their congratulations and promises to those who accepted them they mixed a due proportion of rebukes and warnings, this was ascribed to the deeper art of Satan. If, as has been suggested, the last expression meant entreating the removal of the excommunication from the Montanists, Eusebius, who begins his account of Montanism by describing it as a device of Satan, would not have praised such advice as pious and orthodox. To such a one there would be nothing incredible in special manifestations of God's Spirit displaying themselves in Phrygia, while the suggestion that the new prophesying was inspired by Satan might be repelled by its admitted orthodoxy, since all it professed to reveal tended to the glory of Christ and to the increase of Christian devotion
Wages - But the Book of Job is the book that deals principally with the issue of wages or rewards: Satan's accusation against Job is that he serves God for "a good wage" (1:9-11). It is because Job has been so richly blessed that he serves God, says Satan. Satan is a hard taskmaster, doling out the wages of death for sin (Romans 6:23 ), but God is a loving Father who lavishes believers with the gifts of life and adoption and promises an infinitely rich inheritance—all things! (1 Corinthians 3:22-23 ; Ephesians 1:5-12 )
Parable - The Lord sowed the good seed, but Satan at once sowed his seed, and both grew up together until the harvest at the end of the age. The introduction of the kingdom and Satan's opposition to it. The GROWTH OF SEED: notwithstanding the opposition of Satan, God in His own secret way makes His seed fructify and bring forth fruit
Judas - And as the evangelist John saith also in this same chapter, that it was after the sop which Jesus gave him, as a token of the traitor, that "Satan entered into him," then must it have been after the supper. We read in earlier periods of the church, that "when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, Satan came also among them
Supper - It is a vision of the final consummation of the Kingdom, including the overthrow of the kings of the earth, the binding and loosing again of Satan, and general judgment
Blood - ...
The Son of man, as He to whom the Father hath committed all judgment, is the goel or avenger of blood on guilty man, involved by Satan the "murderer from the beginning" in murderous rebellion against God
Arms - To be at peace with God and ourselves we must ever war with Satan
Flesh - They succumbed to the temptations of Satan, who promised them that they would be like God, knowing good and evil (Genesis 3:5 ). Because of the limited perspective and the weakness of the flesh, Adam and Eve accepted Satan's lie
Mark, Gospel of - ...
Summary of contents...
An introductory section deals with Jesus’ baptism and his subsequent temptation by Satan (1:1-13)
Spirit - Satan is called the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is at work in those who are disobedient (Ephesians 2:2 )
Touch - ...
Satan's Touch as Limited by God. God limits Satan's power and freedom to harm people. In Job's case, Satan was unable to touch him beyond what God had permitted (Job 1:12 ; 2:6 ). ...
Satan's Touch as Limited by Jesus Christ. In the New Testament, Satan's power to harm believers is also limited by deity; but in this instance, it is by "the one who was born of God, " Jesus Christ (1 John 5:18 )
Light - Although Satan can disguise himself as "an angel of light, " Christians live in the true light of salvation, laying aside the deeds of darkness and putting on the protective "armor of light" (Romans 13:12 )
Alexander - Paul had previously "delivered him to Satan" (the lord of all outside the church) (1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 12:7), i
Selfishness - Moral self-love, therefore, consists primarily in love to God; and whenever the good of the natural self conflicts with the dictates of that love, it must be denied as a temptation of Satan (Matthew 16:21-23)
Refuge - And how truly blessed is it to discover, that in his person, blood, and righteousness, as the glorious Head and Mediator of his redeemed, they are secretly and securely hid with Christ in God; so that neither law nor justice, sin nor Satan, death nor hell, the world nor the grave, can come to injure them
Creation - ...
*Some suppose this to have been the work of Satan
Proverbs, Book of - Satan would of course oppose this, so warnings are at once given to avoid the enticings of sinners
World - ...
Satan rules only this world (John 12:31 ; 14:30 ; 16:11 ; 2 Corinthians 4:4 ), not the next one, while Jesus' kingdom is "not of this world" (John 18:36 ) but belongs to the coming age
Feasts - Every poor sinner, captive to Satan, sin, and hell, who heard the sound, heard it in the sweet voice, "Ye have sold yourselves for nought, and ye shall be redeemed without money, saith the Lord
Didymus, Head of the Catechetical School - From the blame and punishment attached to evil, he infers that Satan and his followers are not evil by nature; he discusses the terms "by nature children of wrath" (which he understands to mean "really children of wrath"), "children of this world," "son of perdition," "generation of vipers," with the aim of shewing that they do not contravene the great moral facts of free will and responsibility
Angels of the Seven Churches - ...
An examination of the use of the word ἄγγελος in the NT Apocalypse, apart from its connexion with the Churches, shows that the author invariably employs it to describe a spiritual being attached to the service of God or of Satan
Miracle - By granting to any man the power to work a miracle, God gave the highest attestation to the truth he should teach and the message he should bring, 1 Kings 18:38,39 ; this is God's own seal, not to be affixed to false hoods; and though the lying wonders of Satan and his agents were so plausible as to "deceive if possible the very elect," no one who truly sought to know and do the will of God could be deluded by them
pe'Ter - In his affection and self-confidence Peter ventured to reject as impossible the announcement of the sufferings and humiliation which Jesus predicted, and heard the sharp words, "Get thee behind me, Satan; thou art an offence unto me, for thou savorest not the things that be of God but those that be of men
Judgment - Christ’s death makes the judgment and condemnation of evildoers certain, because by that death Satan himself was judged and condemned (John 12:31-33; John 16:8-11)
Eschatology - (1) At Jesus' return: antichrist will be defeated, and Satan will be bound (though not wholly destroyed); then “the just” alone shall rise from their graves; they will be judged and rewarded for their good works; and the millennial kingdom will be established. (2) Then, after the millennium: Satan and all evil will be destroyed; then the “unjust” will rise; they will be judged for their evil works; and the new heavens and new earth will descend (compare Revelation 21:1 ). Then Jesus will return to defeat antichrist, bind Satan, and establish a Judeo-centric millennial kingdom
Revelation, the Book of - ...
Heaven rejoices because it has been rescued from Satan, but the earth must now mourn, because the devil has been cast down to earth, and his anger is great. Satan is thus embodied in a political ruler, the beast from the sea (Revelation 13:1 ), who will speak blasphemies for “forty-two months” (Revelation 13:5 ). Satan still rages; but his time is short, and his evil will cease at the return of Christ. Faithful in their worship of the one true God through Jesus Christ and not seduced by the Satanic deceptions of the first beast and his ally, the false prophet, they will be rescued and taken to heaven's throne (Revelation 14:1-5 )
Ephraim (4) the Syrian - The other hymns (35-77) treat of the Overthrow of Death and Satan by our Lord, of the Resurrection of the Body in refutation of Bardesan and Manes, of Dialogues between Death, Satan, and Man, and of Hymns upon the Resurrection, not of a controversial but of a consolatory character. 61), he gives a statement of his method as follows: "Though the prophet is speaking of Sennacherib he has a covert reference to Satan
Job, Theology of - The former notifies the reader (like the narrator in a dramatic production) that Job is innocent and that Satan is the instigator of Job's sufferings. Yet the prologue reveals that this was only God's permissive will since he had given limited authority over Job into Satan's hand (1:12; 2:6). This issue surfaces in the prologue, when Satan claims that Job serves God only for profit (1:9-11). Since Satan cannot inflict suffering without God's express permission (1:12; 2:6), believers can find strength from the assurance that God sovereignly limits Satan's evil activities
Metaphors - Other expressions, such as ‘Get thee behind me, Satan’ (Matthew 16:23), ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up’ (John 2:19), may be taken at random as examples of veiled metaphors, the connexion between the literal and spiritual meanings being mentally supplied. If, instead of spitting on the tongue, He ‘spat out,’ this would receive explanation from the custom of the Jews to spit in contempt when idols were mentioned; as also in the early Church, where converts coming to baptism spat out as a sign that they renounced the kingdom of Satan
Zechariah, Prophecy of - They are represented in Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of Jehovah, Satan standing to resist him. God takes up the defence of His people: Satan is rebuked, the filthy garments are taken away, the iniquity is removed; Joshua is clothed with festive robes, and a pure tiara or diadem is set upon his head: cf
World, the - Satan offered Jesus “all the kingdoms of the world” (Matthew 4:8 NIV), and Paul saluted the Christians in Rome, saying, “Your faith is proclaimed throughout the world” ( Romans 1:8 NRSV)
Cloud, Cloud of the Lord - ...
In a negative sense, clouds are used to symbolize prideful self-exaltation (of the wicked, Job 20:6 ; of Satan, Isaiah 14:14 ); misery or gloom (at the day of Job's birth, Job 3:5 ; at the day of the Lord, Isaiah 60:2 ; Jeremiah 13:16 ; Ezekiel 30:3 ; 34:12 ; Joel 2:2 ; Zephaniah 1:15 ); pervasiveness (of enemy invasion, Ezekiel 38:9,16 ); transitoriness (of Job's prosperity and life, Job 7:9 ; 30:15 ; of Israel's love and life, Hosea 6:4 ; 13:3 ); futile, idle activity (Ecclesiastes 11:4 ); dimness (of eyesight in old age, Ecclesiastes 12:2 ; of a nation's splendor following divine judgment, Lamentations 2:1 ; Ezekiel 30:18 ); swiftness (of divine judgment, Jeremiah 4:13 ); and covering or concealing (of divine mercy in judgment, Lamentations 3:44 )
Thyatira - ’ To the indignant prophet of the Apocalypse this kind of reasoning is infernal; the ‘depths’ of experience into which members of the church of Thyatira are being initiated are the ‘depths of Satan’ (Revelation 2:24)
Revelation, Book of - The triumph of God and his people is pictured in a wedding feast, the victorious reign of Jesus Christ, the defeat of Satan and the last great judgment (19:6-20:15)
Son of God - Because the Son and the Father existed in this special relation, Satan tempted the Son to act independently of the Father
Prayer - Ironically, Paul claimed that God gave the problem, and yet he called it a messenger of Satan
Death - Satan is said to have the power of death, Hebrews 2:14 ; not that he can at his pleasure inflict death on mankind, but as he was the instrument of first bringing death into the world, John 8:44 ; and as he may be the executioner of God's wrath on impenitent sinners, when God permits him
Matthew, Gospel of - Many years later, Jesus was baptized by John (3:1-17), after which he suffered temptations by Satan (4:1-11)
Hour - Though it was a dark hour, the hour of men with sinister purpose and in league with Satan (Luke 22:53), He knew it as the hour when He should depart out of this world unto the Father (John 13:1), the hour when God should glorify His Son (John 17:1)
Games - Nero used to clothe the Christians in beast skins when he exposed them to wild beasts; compare 2 Timothy 4:17, "I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion" (namely, from Satan's snare, 1 Peter 5:8). Satan is a real adversary, acting through the flesh
Jew, Jewess - In the passage where the writer of the Apocalypse (Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9) speaks of those ‘who say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan,’ he may be referring to men who made a false claim to belong to the Jewish nation, or to Jews by race who were far from belonging to the true Israel of God
Ate - ...
Matthew 16:18 (a) No doubt this figure is used to describe the power of Satan and of sin, the power and influence of every kind of evil
Sign - Here are some of the signs mentioned in Scripture:...
Exodus 4:8 (a) Moses, taking the serpent by the tail, represents the power of GOD over Satan and the power of the servant of GOD over the evil powers of earth
Judgment Damnation - The world is the haunt of throngs of such spirits, who, under Satan their head, form a demonic hierarchy. Satan is the world’s real master. The pessimism and dualism of the apocalyptic world-view, its demonology and angelology, its conception of a death-struggle between the kingdom of Satan and the kingdom of God, its conception of a resurrection from the dead and a Final Judgment, can be accounted for only on the hypothesis of Persian Influence
Apocalyptic Literature - While there is no mention of the Messiah, the members of the Messianic age are to live a thousand years, and are to be free from the influence or control of Satan. The most striking characteristic is the importance given to Satan as the opponent of God, as well as the rather elaborate portrayal of the end of the age it narrates
Thessalonica - It was such subtlety, and not the hatred of the mob, that made him think of the devices of Satan (1 Thessalonians 2:18)
Alexander, of Alexandria - "And can He then," asked one of the bishops, "change from good to evil, as Satan did?" They did not shrink from answering, "Since He is a creature, such a change is not impossible"; and the council instantly pronounced them to be "anathema
Pseudepigrapha - This writing refers to Satan being transformed into the brightness of angels (9:1; see 2 Corinthians 11:14 ), and states that paradise is in the third heaven (compare 2 Corinthians 12:2-3 )
Number - Satan mimics the "divine" seven (Proverbs 6:16; Proverbs 26:25): Mary Magdalene's seven devils (Mark 16:9; Luke 8:2); the unclean spirit returning with seven (Matthew 12:45); the seven Canaanite nations subdued by Israel (Deuteronomy 7:1; Acts 13:19); the dragon with seven heads and s
Jesus, the Lord - It was necessary that the tempter of man should be overcome by man, and Jesus overcame all the wiles of Satan by the spiritual power of the word of God
Moses - it is said respecting the body of Moses that Michael, the archangel, contended with the devil about it, the object of Satan probably being to make his tomb to be regarded as a holy place, to which the people would go for blessing, as people do still to the tombs of saints
Advocate - When the Lord Jesus, by the Spirit of prophecy, spake of the purposes of his coming, it was for the overthrow of the empire of Satan, as well as the establishment of his own kingdom
Matthew, Gospel by - Led of the Spirit, He overcomes Satan, and then calls the remnant around Himself
Anathema - It is really an antithesis to the prayer for grace in Ephesians 6:24, the handing over of the unloving man to Satan, the refusal to have anything more to do with him until at least some signs of a newborn love for Christ are given
Nicolaitans - Again, when writing to the church at Smyrna, he says: "I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan," Revelation 2:9
Prudence - Should He not then have committed Himself to the Father: could Herod defeat the mission of the Messiah, the Son who alone could reveal the Father? In the wilderness Jesus recognized that thought to be a temptation of Satan (Matthew 4:5-7)
Augustine - Our victory over sin and Satan proceeds not from the help which God affords, but is owing to our own free will. That he foresaw man, being tempted by Satan, would fall into sin, if...
God did not hinder it; he decreed not to hinder. That for these his chosen he decreed to send his Son to redeem them, and his Spirit to call them and sanctify them; the rest he decreed to forsake, leaving them to Satan and themselves, and to punish them for their sins
Influence - John (John 13:27) adds the significant words, ‘After the sop, then entered Satan into him,’ and the disciple was lost. Satan recognized in Christ extraordinary attractive powers. Satan’s attempt to persuade Christ to do him homage (Matthew 4:9 || Luke 4:7) was more subtle than is often supposed
Bereans - They do not think that they have any power to deliver a backsliding brother to Satan; that text, and other similar passages, such as, "Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, " &c
Mission - ...
Mission is necessary because sin has cut people off from the life of God and left them in the power of Satan (Genesis 3:24; Romans 1:21-25; John 3:19; Galatians 5:19-21; 1 John 5:19)
Jude, Epistle of - Yet even Michael the archangel, when contending with Satan for the body of Moses, did not venture to dispute his function as Accuser, but left him and his blasphemies to a higher tribunal
Priest, Christ as - Jesus warned Simon Peter of his approaching trial by Satan, and comforted him with the assurance of his priestly intercession on his behalf (Luke 22:31-32 )
Interpretation - ...
OT language serves other important purposes in the Gospels, God speaks in this language at Jesus’ Baptism, and again at His Transfiguration; it is used in the conversation between Jesus and Satan; and it furnishes phraseology for some of Jesus most forceful and solemn pronouncements, where sometimes the sound of Holy Writ seems to be prized above perspicuity (e
Bible, - ...
The Bible also reveals the character of Satan since his fall, as being a liar and murderer; he is the great enemy of the Lord Jesus and of man, and he deceived our mother Eve
Isaiah, Book of - The power of Satan, "leviathan, the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent" is destroyed, and worship established in Jerusalem
Theophilus, Bishop of Antioch - He asserts that Satan is called the dragon δράκων on account of his having revolted ἀποδεδρακέναι from God (ii
Sin - ...
Origin of sin...
From the activity of Satan in the Garden of Eden, it is clear that sin was present in the universe before Adam and Eve sinned
King - To this corresponds the conflict with Satan in Revelation
Claim - Satan is another taskmaster with claims to be satisfied, and disease is the mark of his property and power (Luke 13:16)
Exodus - At this late day the precise locality may be undiscoverable, like the point of a soul's transition from the bondage of Satan into the kingdom of God; but in both cases the work is of God, and the glory of it is his alone
Methodius - to refute the opinion held by Origen after Justin Martyr that the soul of Samuel was under the power of Satan, and was evoked by the magical art of the witch of Endor
Evil - The origins for sin and evil in both Old and New Testaments are traced to the activities of an evil creature, Satan (1 John 3:8 : "the devil has been sinning from the beginning" ) and to human sin that led to a fall (Romans 5:12-14 ) and banishment form Eden and the tree of life (Genesis 3 ). Particularly when used with the definite article it may serve as a sobriquet for Satan (Matthew 13:19 ; Mark 4:15 ; Luke 8:12 )
Redemption (2) - Matthew 23:27); evolves itself in corrupt words and deeds (Matthew 7:16-20, Matthew 12:33-37); brings under subjection to Satan (Matthew 6:13, Matthew 12:29; Matthew 12:43-45); is the loss of the soul’s true life (Matthew 16:24-26); entails misery and ruin (Luke 15:11-16, Matthew 23:37-38); ripens into hateful vices (impurity, covetousness, pride, hypocrisy, mercilessness, etc. John’s Gospel goes deeper, in explicitly affirming the need of regeneration (Luke 3:3; Luke 3:5), in laying more stress on the element of bondage in sin (Psalms 49:15), and in giving greater prominence to the idea of Satan as ‘the prince of this world,’ whose power over men has to be broken (Luke 8:44, Luke 12:31, Luke 14:30, Luke 16:11; cf
Assumption of Moses - Then God’s kingdom shall appear, and Satan shall be no more, and the angel who has been appointed chief (Michael) shall avenge them of their enemies. ...
(d) Michael is regarded as the chief antagonist of Satan and of Israel’s foes
Lord's Prayer, the - It was a ideal state of affairs when Satan would be defeated, sin would be conquered, and death would be no more
Divorce - Satan tempted Eve to rebel against male leadership (Genesis 3:1-6,17 ; contra
Divination - The phenomena seem supernatural and Satanic, and the communications often lying, as was to be expected from "the father of lying" (John 8:44). Satan's design in spiritualism is, judging from the alleged spirit communications, to supersede Scripture with another authority (namely, spirit communications) in matters of faith. Satan and his demons are the real speakers in these pretended communications from the spirits of the dead
Judgment - He judges Satan (Matthew 16:23)
Judaea - In this ‘land not inhabited’ John the Baptist sought seclusion while preparing for his ministry as the forerunner of the Messiah; and here the Holy One, concerning whom he bore record, abode ‘forty days tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him’ (Matthew 3:1-6 || Luke 3:2, Matthew 19:1, || Mark 1:12-13)
King (2) - ]'>[5] suffice it to say here, that the announcement of a cosmical catastrophe, of a new aeon, in which the existing sway of Satan shall be destroyed, and God shall be all in all, is intrinsically incompatible with the idea of a Messianic King standing side by side with the Most High
Stone - Satan meant the stones to be stones of stumbling to Jesus, on that difficult path of obedience and self-renunciation to which in His baptism He had just consecrated Himself
Head - Satan [6]) apparently denote the abundance of his power; the seven heads of his agent, the Beast 13:1; 17:9), are explicitly referred both to the seven hills of Rome and to seven Emperors
Dominion (2) - Thus, as He withstood the temptation of Satan (Luke 4:6) to assume the royal sceptre which belonged to Him as Son of God, and to reign as the Divinely appointed king of a visible and temporal realm, so He resisted, as a repetition of that temptation, every suggestion or appeal that was made to Him, by the people or by His disciples, formally and publicly to appear as the Messiah
Judaea - In this ‘land not inhabited’ John the Baptist sought seclusion while preparing for his ministry as the forerunner of the Messiah; and here the Holy One, concerning whom he bore record, abode ‘forty days tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him’ (Matthew 3:1-6 || Luke 3:2, Matthew 4:1-11 || 1618451855_86)
Head - Satan [6]) apparently denote the abundance of his power; the seven heads of his agent, the Beast 13:1; 17:9), are explicitly referred both to the seven hills of Rome and to seven Emperors
Miracles - The unbelieving Jews admitted them, but attributed them to Satan. Jesus replied, Satan would never help to overthrow his own kingdom
Fire - ...
(δ) In the Apocalypse the Lake of Fire is the place of final punishment to which are consigned (1) the Beast and the False Prophet (Revelation 19:20), (2) Satan (Revelation 20:10) (3) Death and Hades (Revelation 20:14), (4) the dupes of Satan, whose names are not written in the Book of Life (Revelation 20:15; cf
Parousia - the full number of those predestined from the Gentiles for salvation), the elect of Israel, all Israel, will be saved (1618451855_42); ‘salvation is nearer than when we believed’ (Romans 13:11); all must stand before the tribunal of God (Romans 14:10); Satan will shortly be bruised under the saints’ feet (Romans 16:20). There will be rewards for those whose work abides, and those whose work is consumed will themselves be saved, but as through fire; 1 Corinthians 4:5 : when the Lord comes, in contrast with man’s day (ἀνθρωπίνης ἡμέρας) the secrets will be revealed, and praise will be from God; 1 Corinthians 5:5 : the incestuous man is delivered to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in ‘the day of the Lord Jesus; 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:8 : a time is coming when the saints will judge the world, and even the angels; 1 Corinthians 7:29 : ‘the time is short’ (ὁ καιρὸς συνεσταλμένος ἐστί), probably meaning that the interval of waiting for the Parousia has been shortened; cf
Fire - ...
(δ) In the Apocalypse the Lake of Fire is the place of final punishment to which are consigned (1) the Beast and the False Prophet (Revelation 19:20), (2) Satan (Revelation 20:10) (3) Death and Hades (Revelation 20:14), (4) the dupes of Satan, whose names are not written in the Book of Life (Revelation 20:15; cf
Mark, the Gospel According to - ...
He notices Jesus being "with the wild beasts" when tempted by Satan in the wilderness; contrast Adam tempted amidst the tame animals in Eden (Genesis 2; 3)
Sea - Rome) mariners on every hand take up a lamentation because of her commercial loss to the world of trade (Revelation 18:17; Revelation 18:19; Revelation 18:21); while in the final issue of events, after the millennium and after Satan has been loosed to deceive the nations, ‘the number of whom is as the sand of the sea,’ and after he is cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, and the dead are summoned to judgment, then, we read, ‘the sea gave up the dead which were in it’-in its great maw-to be judged every man according to his works (Revelation 20:8; Revelation 20:13)
Nebuchadnezzar - The panorama of the world's glory that overcame Nebuchadnezzar through the lust of the eye, as he stood on his palace roof, Satan tried upon Jesus in vain (Matthew 4:8-10)
House - Simon became the "rock" by identifying himself with Him; but when he identified himself with "Satan" in his dislike of the cross, Jesus called him so (Matthew 16:16-19; Matthew 16:22-23)
Endurance - (2) A second supernatural cause (under Divine permission) appears in the agency of Satan, acting both directly, in temptation and opposition (Matthew 4:3 ff; Matthew 13:39, Luke 10:18), and also oftener indirectly, through the weakness (Matthew 16:23, Luke 22:31) and wickedness (Luke 22:3; Luke 22:53, John 6:70; John 8:44; John 13:2) of men
Antichrist - The beast is the world estranged from God and under Satan, and so, however powerful, intellectual, and refined, essentially bestial. ...
Antichrist's characteristics (2 Thessalonians 2; 1 John 2:18-22; 1 John 4:3) shall be open opposition to God and religion, a claim to God's exclusive prerogatives, lawlessness, power of lying miracles and of beguiling souls under Satan's energizing, having a lamb's horns, i. ...
The Hebrew letters of Balaam (type of the false prophet whose spiritual knowledge shall be perverted to Satanic ends; Revelation 2:14 favors this, also the fact that Antichrist mainly shall oppress Israel, Daniel 8; 9; 11; 12) amount to 666
Asia Minor, Cities of - The large altar area may be that referred to by John as the “throne of Satan” ( Revelation 2:13 )
Fall - I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven
Discipline - It was fully believed that the culprit was exposed, without defence, to the attacks of Satan (1 Corinthians 5:5)
Timothy, Epistles to - Some had made shipwreck of faith, two of whom are named, and these had been delivered unto Satan (cf
Carpocrates, Philospher - Irenaeus counts Carpocratian doctrines and practices as means employed by Satan to discredit the Christian name among the heathen
Jacobus Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa - The internecine strife between the different sections of the Monophysite party is fully detailed by John of Ephesus, who records with bitter lamentation the blows, fighting, murders, and other deeds "so insensate and unrestrained that Satan and his herds of demons alone could rejoice in them, wrought on both sides by the two factions with which the believers—so unworthy of the name—were rent," provoking "the contempt and ridicule of heathens, Jews, and heretics" ( H
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - Some interpreters, however, take the more conservative line that this was merely a way of sending sin back to Satan. This interpretation is strained, however, since nowhere else does the Old Testament (or the New Testament) speak of returning sin to Satan as if it were his possession
Regeneration - Current Judaism made sharp distinction between the present age under the dominion of Satan and the coming age when the Messiah would be in power. The believer in those redemptive facts would be translated from the Kingdom of Satan to that of Messiah
Corinthians, First Epistle to the - 1 Corinthians 5:12 ), but the man is to be ‘delivered unto Satan’ ( 1 Corinthians 5:5 , cf. Ramsay conjectures that the phrase is a Christian adaptation of a pagan idea, that a person wronged by another but unable to retaliate should consign the offender to the gods and leave punishment to he inflicted by Divine power; Satan would be looked on as God’s instrument in punishing the offender; and the latter, being cast out of the Christian community, would be left as a prey to the devil
Job - The fourth reason is not without weight, but it must be allowed that there are some very fine things in these chapters, and it must be remembered that they have probably been handed down less carefully than some other parts of the book, on account of the disfavour with which some of the ancient Jews regarded Elihu (‘inspired by Satan’ Test. Of the other five leading characters by far the most interesting is the Satan of the Prologue, half-angel half-demon, by no means identical with the devil as usually conceived, and yet with a distinctly diabolical tendency
Work - As the new Adam he is also tested by Satan, where the issues of allegiance and work are repeatedly stressed (Matthew 4:1-11 ). The cheap imitations of the Satanic anti-Trinity (Satan, the beast, and the false prophet) are deceptive and destructive
Apocalypse - On the side of evil, we have Satan, the opposer, deceiver, accuser, the monster of the deep (dragon or crocodile), wild beasts of the land, which, however, rise out of the deep,†
(c)Last stages of the, Judgment, issuing in the final overthrow of Satan and Rome, especially the imperial cultus (the ‘Beast’), and in the General Resurrection and Judgment
Ascension of Isaiah - After Hezekiah’s death, Manasseh, as foretold, forsakes the service of God and serves Satan, whereupon Isaiah withdraws first to Bethlehem and then to the desert with his companions (2:1-11). In His ascension He has resumed His proper form, and all the angels of the firmament and the Satans see Him and worship Him (11:23; Satan
Announcements of Death - The word ‘death’ or ‘cross’ is not mentioned between Jesus and Satan, but the point at issue was the easy or the hard road to conquest of the world. Peter had renewed the attack of Satan in the Temptation. With this formal decision resting over Him, Jesus withdrew to the hills of Ephraim, near where in the beginning He had refused Satan’s offer of a compromise, and had chosen His own way and the Father’s
Hebrews - Jesus died to conquer Satan and free us from the fear of death (Hebrews 2:14-15 )
Zechariah, Book of - 3, Joshua, the high priest, is seen standing before Jehovah’s angel, clad in filthy garments and accused by the Satan
Balaam - Availing himself of his head knowledge of divine truth, he, like Satan in Eden, used it with fiendish wisdom to break the union between God and Israel by tempting the latter to sin by lust
Jerusalem - In Revelation the earthly Jerusalem appears for the last time after the thousand-year reign of Christ when the deceived nations, led by the temporarily loosed Satan, come against the beloved city and are destroyed by fire from heaven (Revelation 20:7-9 )
Daniel, the Book of - The period of Daniel's prophecies is that from the downfall of the theocracy to its final restoration; it is the period of the world's outward supremacy, "the times of the Gentiles" (Daniel 12:2-32; Daniel 9:27; Daniel 12:7), not set aside by Christ's first coming (John 18:36; Matthew 4:8-10); for Satan yet is "prince of this world," and Israel has been depressed and Judah's kingdom prostrate ever since the Babylonian captivity
Seventy (2) - Accordingly (3) the Lord (a) manifests His sympathy, ‘I was beholding Satan fall like lightning from heaven’; as if He had been following the Seventy in spirit during the progress of their mission
the Penitent Thief - And Satan entered into the two thieves, and into this thief also
Angel - Probably these qualities led to the "fall" of some angels, including Satan, but the Bible contains no description of that event. The first consists of unimprisoned, evil beings working under Satan's leadership, and generally regarded as demons (Luke 4:35 ; 11:15 ; John 10:21 )
Ishmael - ...
The coming judgment will vindicate God's ways, glorify the saints with Christ their King, deliver the earth from the ungodly and Satan their prince, who shall be cast out for ever
Hell - In this lake of fire God punishes the wicked, along with Satan and his henchmen (Matthew 25:41 ), bringing an end to evil's free ways
Heal, Health - Thereafter he accepted the experience, although "a messenger of Satan" in some respects, as permitted for a purpose
Heart - —The disciples are enjoined to settle in their hearts not to meditate what they shall say (Luke 21:14); the fell design of Judas was put into his heart by Satan (Matthew 19:16-220); the adulterous act is virtually done in the intention of the heart (Matthew 5:28)
Arms And Armor - Paul used both arms and armor of a soldier to express the virtues necessary to defend the believer against Satan (Ephesians 6:10-17 ; compare Isaiah 59:16-17 )
Calling - The Spirit takes of the things of Christ and shows them to men, John 16:14 ; and thus opens their eyes, turning them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, Acts 26:18
Nazarene - ...
The first we meet with in the gospel who called our Lord Jesus of Nazareth, or the Nazarite, was Satan, when he said, "Let us alone; what, have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? Art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God
David - ...
David was tempted by Satan to number Israel: it was allowed of God, for his anger was kindled against Israel, though we are not told what was the occasion of it
Daniel, Book of - This power is doubtless the future Roman prince in the West, who will combine with Satan and the Antichrist, as in Revelation 13
mo'Ses - (Acts 7:24-28 ; 35 ) In (Jude 1:9 ) is an allusion to an altercation between Michael and Satan over the body of Moses
Heart - —The disciples are enjoined to settle in their hearts not to meditate what they shall say (Luke 21:14); the fell design of Judas was put into his heart by Satan (John 13:2); the adulterous act is virtually done in the intention of the heart (Matthew 5:28)
God - God allows evil to happen, but he never allows it to go beyond the bounds that he has determined (Job 1:12; see EVIL; Satan)
Peace - also Luke 19:42), John 14:27; John 16:33, Acts 9:31; Acts 10:36 (= the object of the gospel-proclamation), Romans 2:10 (associated with δόξα and τιμή as the eschatological reward for working good) Romans 14:17, Romans 15:13; Romans 15:33, Romans 16:20 (the result of the conquest of Satan), Galatians 6:16 (‘mercy and peace’), Ephesians 2:17 (content of the gospel-message) Ephesians 6:15 (‘the gospel of peace’), Philippians 4:7, Colossians 3:15, 1 Thessalonians 5:3 (the opposite of eschatological peril = ἀσφαλεία), Hebrews 7:2 (Christ, like Melchizedek, King of Peace) Hebrews 12:11 (the fruit of righteousness consisting in peace; cf
Covenant - ...
Yahweh's covenant agents were tempted by Satan. Spiritual fellowship was restored by Yahweh's assurance that the woman's seed would be victorious over Satan and his seed
Holy Spirit (2) - It must be spiritual (in the complete Christian sense) in its nature—not based on bread; spiritual in its methods—not appealing to miracles which only dazzle the senses or confound the mind; and spiritual in its resources—not deriving any of its strength from alliance with Satan, from borrowing the help of the evil which wields such vast power among men, or from recognizing that it has a relative or temporary right to exist. It is such an exercise of power as is possible only for one who has already vanquished Satan, and is engaged in liberating his captives (Mark 3:27)
Hilarius (7) Pictaviensis, Saint - Constantius has become, in his eyes, an Anti-christ, who would fain make a present of the world to Satan. He begs those who shrink from breaking off communion with Auxentius, whom he calls an angel of Satan, not to let their love of mere walls and buildings seduce them into a false peace
Fall - -(a) While in the OT we have the beginnings, but only the beginnings, of the later doctrine of Satan (Job 1:9-12; Job 2:1-6, the unbeliever in, and slanderer of, man’s goodness and godliness Zechariah 3:1, the adversary of man to hinder God’s grace; 1 Chronicles 21:1, the tempter; cf. 6, we read: ‘And on this account he [1] conceived designs against Adam; in such a manner he entered [2] and deceived Eve
Polycarp - Irenaeus reports in the same passage that one day, when Polycarp met Marcion, the latter said to the bishop, ‘Recognize us,’ and the bishop answered, ‘Ay, ay, I recognize the first-born of Satan’ (ib. 1]'>[2]: ‘Whosoever shall not confess the testimony of the Cross is of the devil; and whosoever shall pervert the oracles of the Lord to his own lusts and say that there is neither resurrection nor judgment, that man is the first-born of Satan’)
Polycarpus, Bishop of Smyrna - In so behaving he claimed to act in the spirit of his master John, concerning whom he told that once when he went to take a bath in Ephesus and saw Cerinthus within, he rushed away without bathing, crying out, "Let us flee, lest the bath should fall in, for Cerinthus, the enemy of the truth, is within"; and when Marcion meeting Polycarp asked him, "Do you recognize us?" he answered, "I recognize thee as the firstborn of Satan. He says, "Every one who doth not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is antichrist; and whosoever doth not confess the testimony of the Cross is of the devil; and whosoever perverteth the oracles of the Lord to his own lusts and saith that there is neither resurrection nor judgment, this man is a first-born of Satan
Revelation, Book of - 17, but the seer is true to the general apocalyptic form in that he makes Rome and its religion the agents of Satan
Synagogue - Revelation 2:9 ; Revelation 3:9 ‘the synagogue of Satan’); and (2) to denote the building in which the community met for worship so some 50 times in the Gospels and Acts from Matthew 4:23 onwards
Destroy, Destruction - A stone hewn without hands (the work of God) came down and crushed the clay and iron (Satan's work). ...
The condemning work of Satan was destroyed by the cross (Colossians 2:14 ). Satan's deception will be destroyed by bringing to light the hidden things of darkness (1 Corinthians 4:5 ) and by the brightness of Christ's coming (2 Thessalonians 2:8 ). Satan's work will be ended when he is thrown into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:10 )
Luke, Gospel of - Satan tempted Jesus (Luke 4:1-13 )
Gods And Goddesses, Pagan - Original meaning of the name is unknown but the Old Testament form, Baal-zebub, means "Lord of the flies"; in Jesus' day this god is derisively called Beel-zebul (NIV Beelzebub), "lord of dung, " and identified with Satan, the ruler of demons (Matthew 12:24 ). Jesus, rejecting this calumny, pointed out that the expulsion of demons was Satan's defeat, heralding the arrival of God's kingdom (Luke 11:20-22 )
Thessalonians, First And Second, Theology of - 6) until the time he has determined to end the work of Satan (vv
Adam (1) - It is a "palace" in God's design, for a while spoiled by the "strong man" Satan, but to be reinstated by the "stronger" Man with God's archetypal image and likeness more vividly than ever standing forth (Luke 11:21). Satan's antitrinity, the lust of the flesh ("the woman saw that the tree was good for food"), the lust of the eye ("and that it was pleasant to the eyes"), and the pride of life (and a "tree to be desired to make one wise") seduced man: 1 John 2:16; compare ACHAN; Joshua 7:21. He bore our shame and fear (Hebrews 12:2; Hebrews 5:7), denied self wholly (Matthew 20:28), resisted Satan's temptation to presumption (Matthew 4:6), bore the curse (Galatians 3:13), was "the man of sorrows" (Isaiah 53), endured the agony and bloody sweat of Gethsemane, the crown of thorns, and the dust of death (Psalms 22:15, compare Genesis 3:19)
God (2) - Jesus everywhere assumes that evil originates either in the freewill of man (Mark 3:28-29), or with a power called the ‘devil’ (Matthew 13:39) or ‘Satan’ (Luke 13:16)
Cross, Cross-Bearing - ...
The second time that Christ spoke of cross-bearing was when He rebuked Peter for playing the part of Satan (Mark 8:34, Matthew 16:24, Luke 9:23)
the Angel of the Church in Smyrna - " The slander of the synagogue of Satan in Smyrna was not met, I am sure, with a mind more acceptable to the First and the Last than that
John the Baptist - As I was complaining that Satan had winnowed me, and had brought up much filthy stuff out of my heart, it came to my mind: 'But I have prayed for thee that thy faith fail not
Job - But what Satan could not do with all his Sabeans, and all his Chaldeans, and all his winds from the wilderness to help him, that he soon did with the help of the debating approaches and the controversial assaults of Eliphaz, and Zophar, and Bildad, and Elihu
Naaman - O son of sin and Satan, O child of wrath, wilt thou not submit thyself to be saved? Wilt thou not so much as wash thyself? Wilt thou not say there is a fountain opened for sin and for uncleanness like mine? And wilt thou not go down into it continually, saying without ceasing: O Holy God
Mary Magdalene - He contended against me with great learning and great eloquence that Dante's besetting sin was pride-a towering, Satanic, scornful pride, to the contemptuous and complete exclusion of all possible envy. Do you not both know and confess all these things before yourself and before God every day? Do you not? O stone-dead soul! O sport and prey of Satan! O maker of God a liar, and the truth is not in you! I would not have your devil-possessed heart, and your conscience seared with a redhot iron, for the whole world
Church - The church is also seen as God's new creation (2 Corinthians 5:17 ), the new persons (Ephesians 2:14-15 ), fighters against Satan (Ephesians 6:10-20 ), or bearers of light (Ephesians 5:7-9 )
Prudentius, Marcus (?) Aurelius Clemens Prudentius - The full description of hell and paradise, and also the graphic portraiture of Satan, are especially noteworthy as the earliest in Christian literature, and so probably of great influence upon later art and literature
Holy Ghost - This blasphemy consisted in ascribing his miraculous works to Satan; and that he is capable of being blasphemed proves him to be as much a person as the Son; and it proves him to be divine, because it shows that he may be sinned against, and so sinned against that the blasphemer shall not be forgiven. He is called God: "Why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie unto the Holy Ghost? Why hast thou conceived this in thine heart? Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God," Acts 5:3-4
Wilderness of the Wanderings - Next, Alush (the lion's den) reminds us of the roaring lion Satan (1 Peter 5:8)
Paul as a Believing Man - At any rate, so long as Paul is in the flesh; so long as he is still carnal and sold under sin; so long as that messenger of Satan is still buffeting him, the Cross of Christ with its sin-atoning blood is the glory that excels all else in Christ to Paul
Ephesians, Book of - ...
To complete his letter, Paul called his readers to put on God's armor to avoid Satan's temptations. Know God is your Ally and Satan your enemy (Ephesians 6:10-12 )
Unpardonable Sin - But in the presence of the Divine goodness that shone from His beneficent activities, the Pharisees only gnashed their teeth and declared that the spirit of Jesus was the spirit of Satan
Mark, Theology of - By beginning the story of Jesus with his baptism, divine empowerment, and temptation by Satan, Mark emphasizes that Jesus is a divine being who is the Son of God
Shimei - When Shimei saw David escaping for his life out of Jerusalem, Satan entered into Shimei, and he came forth and cursed at David as he passed by
the Rich Man And Lazarus - Myself am hell! cried Satan when he began to remember. And we are all Satan's seed in that
the Woman Who Took Leaven And Hid it in Three Measures of Meal - ...
It is surely very striking to discover that while our Lord says so plainly that the kingdom of God is like leaven, yet both He, and His best Apostle, descend into the kingdom of Satan for all their best instances, and all their most pungent applications of the leaven
Commission - Nothing but the assurance of such power at their disposal could nerve men to attack those strongholds of sin and Satan which must be overthrown before the kingdom of heaven can be established in human hearts
Wealth - God allows Satan to take away Job's great wealth (and health) to test him
Disease - In Luke 13:16 no reference is necessarily made to sin having given power to Satan to afflict the woman
Nabal - For Satan is fast entering into thee
Joshua - He bruises Satan under their feet (Joshua 10:24; Psalms 110:5; Malachi 4:3; Romans 16:20)
Sin - Here the name of Satan or ‘Adversary’ is boldly inserted as the author of the sin, a fact which reminds us of the categorical denial of the Son of Sirach, ‘He hath not commanded any man to be ungodly; and he hath not given any man licence to sin’ ( Sir 15:20 )
Ibas, Bishop of Edessa - As the reading of the document ended, wild maledictions burst forth, invoking every kind of vengeance, temporal and eternal, on the head of this "second Iscariot," this "veritable Satan
Hating, Hatred - ); to which Trench adds—‘No man actually and openly professes to hate God and love the devil; and therefore in the second clause, when the Lord is putting the converse case, He changes both words, which would be no longer the most appropriate; the sinner ‘holds to’ Satan when he follows his rewards; he practically ‘despises’ God when he heeds not His promises and His threatenings; however little he may acknowledge to himself or to others that he is doing either this or the other
Humanity of Christ - He did not mean in Matthew 4:10 ‘Thou (Satan) shalt worship the Lord thy God (me),’ and not I thee
Confession (of Christ) - Peter just before He warned him of the sifting trial which was near at hand, ‘Simon, Simon, behold Satan asked to have you that he might sift you as wheat: but I made supplication for thee that thy faith fail not’ (1618451855_43)
the Man Which Sowed Good Seed in His Field But His Enemy Came And Sowed Tares Among the Wheat - And in nothing more so than in Satan and his Satanic seed-basket. And worst of all, and saddest of all, that Satanic seed is here almost part and parcel of the very field itself
Angels - We also have the proper names Satan (thirty-one one times, nineteen outside the Gospels), Beelzebub (Gospels only, six times), and Belial or Beliar (2 Corinthians 6:15)
Mephibosheth - But such was Mephibosheth at the bottom of his heart that, as he continued to eat at David's table, Satan entered into Mephibosheth and said to him in his heart that all this was his own by original and divine right
Peter (2) - For hardly had our Lord, relying on his confession, proceeded for the first time to announce plainly His impending death, when Peter, shocked at His apparent despondency, remonstrated with Him, and thus drew from His lips the rebuke, ‘Get thee behind me, Satan’ (Matthew 16:23)
Colossians, Theology of - Paul uses the language of warfare, as he notes that God "rescued" believers out of Satan's dark domain and "transferred" them into the kingdom of his beloved Son (1:13-14). When God acted to rescue them, he took them out of the grip of Satan and placed them into relationship with Christ and his rule (1:13-14)
Canaan - We must win it only under the heavenly Joshua, Jesus the Captain of our salvation, and by faith, the victory that overcomes the world and extirpates sin, self, and Satan (1 John 4:4-5; 1 John 5:4-5)
Isaiah - For the law of prophetical suggestion carried him on to the greater deliverance from the spiritual Babylon and the God-opposed world power and Satan, by Cyrus' Antitype, Messiah, the Saviour of the present elect church gathered from Jews and Gentiles, and the Restorer of Israel and Head of the worldwide kingdom yet to come
Miracle - Contemporary experience suggests that this pattern continues; miracles today seem most frequent in regions where Satan has long held sway and where people require "power evangelism" to be converted
Kingdom of God - In Jesus' coming Satan has been defeated (Luke 10:18 ; 11:20-22 ), the outcasts of Israel are being gathered as predicted (Mark 2:15-16 ; Luke 14:15-24 ), the Old Testament promises are fulfilled (Luke 10:23-24 ), the resurrection of the dead has begun (1 Corinthians 15:20 ), a new covenant has been inaugurated (1 Corinthians 11:25 ), the promised Spirit has come as the prophets foretold (Mark 1:8 )
Jerusalem - Jesus is tempted by Satan at the highest point of the temple just prior to the start of his ministry in Galilee (4:9-13)
Revelation, Theology of - It represents Satan (12:9; 20:2,7), but not simply. It is the Satanic inspiration behind the hubris of the emperor, even as God is the supreme authority who accomplishes his will through Christ as his plenipotentiary. This pattern recurs on a grander scale: Satan's activity through the Roman emperor (the dragon symbol) will be curtailed, but he will eventually return from the abyss, last of all with Gog (20:1-3,7-10)
Gentiles - -Was there present to the mind of Christ, while accomplishing the work of Him that sent Him, a purpose of salvation that included the Gentiles? Did He look beyond ‘the lost sheep of the house of Israel’ to other sheep far off from the mountains of Canaan, who had also to be sought and found? When Satan showed Him the kingdoms of the world, did He turn away from the sight of the world with the repugnance of a Jew of His time, or did the sight move Him to compassion, and enkindle a great hope in His heart? It is not easy to see how the Christian Church can cease believing that Christ had a purpose of mercy for the world, and the expectation of subduing it unto Himself, unless she is to revise her whole doctrine of the Person of her Lord
Foresight - Neither His mother, nor His brethren, nor His disciples, nor the people He came to serve, nor His enemies bent upon His destruction, nor Satan himself with his temptations, could move Him one step from His chosen path
Temple - The south-east corner of the roof of this portico, where the height was the greatest, is supposed to have been the πτερυγιον , pinnacle, or extreme angle, whence Satan tempted our Saviour to precipitate himself, Matthew 4:5 ; Luke 4:9
Dead Sea Scrolls - , Satan)
Ephesians Epistle to the - either of the Satan in heaven, or of calumniators on earth
Temple of Jerusalem - Perhaps this was the “Temple pinnacle” from which Satan tempted Jesus to throw Himself
Eternal Life, Eternality, Everlasting Life - But that age has points of continuity with the present one because the God of that age is at the same time the God of the present age (allowing for the presence of Satan and evil in this "present evil age" [4]; until they meet their final end )
Jacob - Wrestling first with God, we can victoriously wrestle with Satan (Ephesians 6:12)
Emperor-Worship - Knowledge of the history of Caesarism makes it clear why Pergamum is described as ‘Satan’s seat’ (Revelation 2:13), At Pergamum, the administrative capital of the province, the first temple to Augustus was built. ‘Satan’ is a symbolic expression for whatever was the great obstacle and hostile influence to Christianity; hence Pergamum was Satan’s seat par excellence (see
Descent Into Hades - It was in the deliverance from Satan’s bondage of the dead whom he had in thrall in Sheol. ]'>[5] Origen elsewhere interprets the binding of the ‘strong man’ of Matthew 12:29 as a binding of Satan in the under world, and Irenaeus gives the same exegesis
Cures - ‘Ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo these eighteen years, to have been loosed from this bond on the day of the Sabbath?’ In addition to our Lord’s antagonism to the pedantry and inhumanity of His critics, the underlying note is heard that humanity ought not to be held in bonds of sickness and infirmity
Ascension - Just as symbol was necessary to describe the Temptation of our Lord, or the overthrow of Satan by the efforts of the Seventy disciples (Luke 10:17 f
High Priest - Joshua the high priest represented the nation on its trial before God, at first in filthy garments to represent its guilt, Satan accusing; then by Messiah's intercession justified; therefore the filthy garments are removed and a change of raiment is given and a fair mitre put on his head (Zechariah 3)
Holy Spirit - Because Jesus' signs and wonders most directly reveal God's spirit at work, attribution of them to Satan puts one in jeopardy of committing an unforgivable sin (the "blasphemy against the Spirit" [3] probably equivalent to persistent and unrepentant rejection of Christ )
Barnabas, Epistle of - By the importance they always attached, and still attach, to outward rites they prove that they have never entered into the mind of God; that they are the miserable victims of the wiles of Satan (cc
Atonement (2) - Matthew 3:15 πληρῶσαι; and that again, from the moment when He begins to make plain to the unwilling ears of His disciples that His throne can be reached only through resurrection after suffering and death, He has to cry, ‘Get thee behind me, Satan’ (Matthew 16:23)
Will - But whom does he please who does not please God, except himself and Satan? The nature, therefore, which was good is made bad by habit: man would not return unless God turned him
Hell - The dragon is obviously an old Semitic myth, and this particular form of it probably gives fresh significance to the words in Revelation 20:2 : ‘the dragon, the old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan
Prophecy - We see one 'who opposeth and exalteth himself' above all laws, divine and human, 'sitting as God in the church of God, whose coming is after the working of Satan, with all power, and signs, and lying wonders, and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness
Lord's Prayer (ii) - ’ But ‘Deliver us from the evil one’ is a prayer that Satan may not gain the victory over our souls. Jesus Himself prayed for Simon that in the hour of Satan’s sifting his faith might not fail (Luke 22:31 f
Lunatic - The popular thought of Satan is grotesquely dominated by that idea, and much of the prevalent disbelief in the existence of a spiritual adversary can be traced to that gross misconception
Atonement - ), from bondage to Satan ( Ephesians 2:2-3 ; Ephesians 6:12 , Hebrews 2:14-15 etc
Anger (2) - Peter tempts Jesus to decline the cross—in other words, tries to make Him stumble at the will of the Father; and the indignant vehemence with which he is repelled—‘Get thee behind me, Satan’—shows how real the temptation was, and how a prompt and decisive resentment is the natural security in such trials
Esther - And, then, as another stepping-stone up to Esther's incomparable opportunity, Ahasuerus, Haman's master, was a fit master, as we have seen, for such a servant of Satan as Haman was
Hell - The dragon is obviously an old Semitic myth, and this particular form of it probably gives fresh significance to the words in Revelation 20:2 : ‘the dragon, the old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan
Quakers - By this the snares of the enemy are detected, his allurements avoided, and deliverance is experienced through faith in its effectual operation; whereby the soul is translated out of the kingdom of darkness, and from under the power of Satan, unto the marvellous light and kingdom of the Son of God
Persecution - ...
Herein, however, Satan and his agents failed of their purpose; for in the issue great part of the Netherlands shook off the Spanish yoke, and erected themselves into a separate and independent state, which has ever since been considered as one of the principal Protestant countries of the universe
Second Coming of Christ - There are problems in knowing exactly how the visions are to be interpreted, none more so than in the reference to the binding of Satan for a thousand years and the reign of certain believers with Christ for that period (Revelation 20:1-6 )
Man - At the head of this kingdom of evil is Satan, ‘the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience’ (Ephesians 2:2; cf
Mediator - In submitting to baptism, He identified Himself with a race that has sinned; in submitting to the subsequent temptation, He identified Himself with a race which suffers when Satan lures it to sin
Son of God - When Satan, in the Temptation, played with the title, he was obviously referring back to the voice which, at the Jordan during the Baptism, recognized Jesus as ‘the Son of God’; but how much that voice intended, or how much the Tempter understood of what it meant, might require considerable discussion
Complacency - ...
With the instances cited above may he compared in this connexion such a passage as that where Jesus, confirming the joy of the seventy disciples in the success of their mission, says: ‘I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven
Day of Judgment - The first, which is established at the appearance of Jesus, is confined to the worldly powers, and Satan is then bound and shut up in the abyss (1618451855_94)
Jeremiah - From this time ‘Babylon’ stands for the tyrannous and corrupting powers of the world; she becomes, for Scripture and the Church, the metropolis of the kingdom of Satan, as ‘Jerusalem’ of the kingdom of the saints
Papias, Bishop of Hierapolis - Luke, "I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven
Personality - It may subject itself only to God (Matthew 4:10), by whose gentleness it is made great; for it is meant to be king of all, but not through the acknowledgment of Satan (cf
Prayer - As closet prayer is calculated to inspire us with peace, defend us from our spiritual enemies, excite us to obedience, and promote our real happiness, we should be watchful lest the stupidity of our frame, the intrusion of company, the cares of the world, the insinuations of Satan, or the indulgence of sensual objects, prevent us from the constant exercise of this necessary and important duty
Sacrifice (2) - It is opposition, too, that arouses in Him the consciousness of being the Conqueror and Dethroner of Satan and all the powers of darkness (Matthew 12:29, Mark 3:27, Luke 10:18-19; Luke 11:21)
Gospels, Apocryphal - It is also in harmony with the ante-Auselmic doctrine of the Atonement, in accordance with which Jesus gave Himself a ransom to Satan
Messiah - Members of that age were to live 1000 years, and were to be free from the influence of Satan
Church - In the Apocalypse, they are ‘the synagogue of Satan’ (Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9; cf
Old Testament (ii. Christ as Student And Interpreter of). - is shown in the fact that in the narrative of the Temptation all the quotations with which He meets the assaults of Satan are taken from that book; and when He declares the essence of the Law to inquirers who ask for it, He invariably states it in the Deuteronomic form
Papias - ]'>[1]1; and whosoever shall not confess the testimony of the Cross, is of the devil; and whosoever shall perversely interpret the Oracles of the Lord (μεθοδεὐῃ τὰ λόγια τοῦ κυρίου) to his own lusts, and say that there is neither resurrection nor judgment, that man is the firstborn of Satan
Pharisees (2) - Through it God appeared everywhere in His love, caring for flowers and sparrows, just and unjust; beholding sin and Satan in the world, but still declaring it the happy home of God’s children
Simon Magus - But Peter adjured the angels of Satan not to help Simon, who fell to the ground and died
Enoch Book of - Next he sees a deep valley with open months, and angels of punishment preparing instruments of Satan to destroy the kings and the mighty (liii. -Noah calls on Enoch at the ends of the earth; he is told judgment is imminent because of sorcery and idolatry, and the violence of the Satans; Noah is to be preserved: from him shall proceed a fountain of righteous and holy (= Israel) for ever (lxv. 2-5); the names of the fallen angels and Satans who led them astray and taught men knowledge and writing (lxix. And so is the demonology: the origin of evil is traced back to the Satans and an original evil spirit-world
Back to Christ - We cannot, for example, revive the primitive expectation of the world’s speedy end, or the ideas about angels, Satan, unclean spirits as the agents in disease, which Jesus shared with His contemporaries
Neology - Hence most who are anxious about a maintenance, hurry to those things which may hasten their promotion, attend above all things a lecture on the art of preaching, and if they can remain so long at the university, one on doctrinal theology, (would that all were anxious about a salutary knowledge of the sacred doctrines,) and having committed these things to paper and memory, return home, as if excellently armed against Satan, are examined, preach, are promoted, provide for their families
Marcion, a 2nd Century Heretic - 3) that Marcion meeting Polycarp at Rome (probably 154 or 155) claimed recognition, on which Polycarp answered, "I recognize thee as the firstborn of Satan
Originality - Pfleiderer does not descend so much into detail, but groups his parallels together under general heads, such as Christ as Son of God, as miraculous Saviour, as victor over Satan, as King of kings, etc
Perfection (of Jesus) - He met the world’s sin; He had to endure the disbelief of His brethren and the forsaking of His followers; He was led to see the very throne of Satan in the hypocrisy of religious men, and in the cruelty and inhuman pride of earth’s saints
Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrrhus - His disgracefully violent language with regard to his former friend Nestorius—whom he stigmatizes as an instrument of Satan, a man who by his pride had plunged the church into disorders, and under the cloak of orthodoxy introduced the denial of the Divinity and of the Incarnation of the Only-begotten Son, and who at last met with the punishment he deserved, a sign of his future punishment—would warrant the charitable hope that this chapter has been erroneously ascribed to Theodoret