The Meaning of Matthew 16:27 Explained

Matthew 16:27

KJV: For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

YLT: 'For, the Son of Man is about to come in the glory of his Father, with his messengers, and then he will reward each, according to his work.

Darby: For the Son of man is about to come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will render to each according to his doings.

ASV: For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then shall he render unto every man according to his deeds.

What does Matthew 16:27 Mean?

Verse Meaning

God"s future judgment of His disciples, as well as Jesus" example, should be an inducement to deny self, identify with Christ, and follow Him ( Matthew 16:24; cf. Matthew 10:24-25). This verse teaches both eschatology and Christology. Jesus will come with the glory of His Father when He returns to earth at His second coming ( Revelation 19:11-16). Jesus is the Son of Man ( Daniel 7:13) who will come with the same glory that God enjoys. The angels will enhance His glory and assist Him in gathering people for judgment ( Matthew 13:41; Matthew 24:31; Matthew 25:31-32; Luke 9:26). The angels are under Jesus" authority. Then He will reward each person according to his deeds (conduct). Conduct demonstrates character. Again Jesus referred to the disciples" rewards (cf. Matthew 5:12; et al.). The prospect of reward should motivate Jesus" disciples to deny self and follow Him. The disciple who does so simply to obtain a reward has not really denied himself. Rewards are precisely that: rewards.
The rewards in view seem to be opportunities to glorify God by serving Him (cf. Matthew 25:14-30; Luke 19:11-27). The disciple will have greater or lesser opportunities to do so during the millennial kingdom and forever after in proportion to his or her faithfulness on earth now. The New Testament writers spoke of these rewards symbolically as crowns elsewhere (cf. 1 Corinthians 9:25; Philippians 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 2 Timothy 4:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4; Revelation 2:10; Revelation 3:11). It is perfectly proper to serve Jesus Christ to gain a reward if our motives are correct ( Matthew 6:19-21). We will one day lay our crowns at the feet of our Savior. The crown is an expression of a life of faithful service that we performed out of gratitude for God"s grace to us (cf. Revelation 4:4; Revelation 4:10). [1]
Both Jesus and Paul urged us to lay up treasure in heaven, to make investments that will yield eternal rewards ( Matthew 6:19-21; Luke 12:31-34; 1 Timothy 6:18-19). It is perfectly legitimate to remind people of the consequences of their actions to motivate them to do what is right. That is precisely what Jesus was doing with His disciples here.
"By including this discussion here Matthew once more emphasized the program of the Messiah as it is based on Daniel"s prophecy. The Messiah must first be cut off ( Matthew 20:17-19), a period of intense trouble begins at a later time ( Daniel 9:27), and finally the Son of Man comes in glory to judge the world ( Daniel 7:13-14). Thus the disciples must endure suffering, and when the Son of Man comes in His glory, they will be rewarded." [2]
"In the third part of this story ( Matthew 16:21 to Matthew 28:20), Matthew describes Jesus" journey to Jerusalem and his suffering, death, and resurrection ( Matthew 16:21; Matthew 17:22-23; Daniel 9:26). Jesus" first act is to tell his disciples that God has ordained that he should go to Jerusalem and there be made by the religious leaders to suffer and die ( Matthew 16:21). On hearing this, Peter rejects out of hand the idea that such a fate should ever befall Jesus ( Matthew 16:22), and Jesus reprimands Peter for thinking the things not of God, but of humans ( Matthew 16:23). Then, too, Peter"s inability to comprehend that death is the essence of Jesus" ministry is only part of the malady afflicting the disciples: they are also incapable of perceiving that servanthood is the essence of discipleship ( Matthew 16:24)." [3]

Context Summary

Matthew 16:21-28 - Bear The Cross For Jesus
The gospel has two parts: Jesus is the Christ; and the Christ must suffer, if He shall enter His glory. Our Lord made sure of the first, before He held to the second. There had been veiled hints of His death before, as in John 2:19; Matthew 9:15; Matthew 12:40; but henceforth it was taught without a veil. The Cross had always cast its shadow over our Lord's path. He did not die as the martyr on whom death comes unexpectedly, but He stepped from the throne and became incarnate that He might die. Notice that solemn must, Matthew 16:21.
How soon Peter fell from his high estate! Beware! The voice that bids us spare ourselves is Satan's. Self-pleasing ends in destruction. Self-denial and self-sacrifice are the divine path to life. Let us be more eager to lose ourselves than to find ourselves; more set on the cross than on the glory; more eager to promote the well-being of others than our own. We do not choose or make our cross; Christ gives each a little bit of His true Cross to bear as He pleases. [source]

Chapter Summary: Matthew 16

1  The Pharisees require a sign
5  Jesus warns his disciples of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees
13  The people's opinion of Jesus,
16  and Peter's confession of him
21  Jesus foretells his death;
23  reproves Peter for dissuading him from it;
24  and admonishes those who will follow him, to bear the cross

What do the individual words in Matthew 16:27 mean?

Is about for the Son of the man to come in the glory the Father of Him with the angels and then He will give to each according to the deeds
μέλλει γὰρ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἔρχεσθαι ἐν τῇ δόξῃ τοῦ Πατρὸς αὐτοῦ μετὰ τῶν ἀγγέλων καὶ τότε ἀποδώσει ἑκάστῳ κατὰ τὴν πρᾶξιν

μέλλει  Is  about 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: μέλλω  
Sense: to be about.
Υἱὸς  Son 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: υἱός  
Sense: a son.
τοῦ  of  the 
Parse: Article, Genitive Masculine Singular
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
ἀνθρώπου  man 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: ἄνθρωπος  
Sense: a human being, whether male or female.
ἔρχεσθαι  to  come 
Parse: Verb, Present Infinitive Middle or Passive
Root: ἔρχομαι  
Sense: to come.
δόξῃ  glory 
Parse: Noun, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: δόξα  
Sense: opinion, judgment, view.
Πατρὸς  Father 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: προπάτωρ 
Sense: generator or male ancestor.
αὐτοῦ  of  Him 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Root: αὐτός  
Sense: himself, herself, themselves, itself.
ἀγγέλων  angels 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Plural
Root: ἄγγελος  
Sense: a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God.
ἀποδώσει  He  will  give 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἀποδίδωμι  
Sense: to deliver, to give away for one’s own profit what is one’s own, to sell.
ἑκάστῳ  to  each 
Parse: Adjective, Dative Masculine Singular
Root: ἕκαστος  
Sense: each, every.
κατὰ  according  to 
Parse: Preposition
Root: κατά 
Sense: down from, through out.
πρᾶξιν  deeds 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Feminine Singular
Root: πρᾶξις  
Sense: a doing, a mode of acting, a deal, a transaction.