The Meaning of Matthew 25:45 Explained

Matthew 25:45

KJV: Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me.

YLT: Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say to you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of these, the least, ye did it not to me.

Darby: Then shall he answer them saying, Verily I say to you, Inasmuch as ye have not done it to one of these least, neither have ye done it to me.

ASV: Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not unto one of these least, ye did it not unto me.

What does Matthew 25:45 Mean?

Context Summary

Matthew 25:31-46 - Serve Christ By Serving Others
We are called to watch the procedure of God's moral government. This is primarily a forecast of the judgment of the nations, Matthew 25:32. It would seem as though, in the first instance, their doom will be largely affected by their treatment of the Hebrew people, the brethren of Jesus after the flesh, Matthew 25:40. Probably this parable is being enacted before our eyes-Spain in the Cuban war and Russia today.
But the parable has a wider range. Our Lord evidently identifies Himself, not so much with great causes as with all who are weary and heavy laden, who are sorrowful or sinful, who have drifted into the hospitals and prisons of the world. None are too desolate and sorrowful to attract His loving notice, and He hails as "blessed" all who sympathize with and help them. In the closing verse, it should be noticed that in the r.v. the word eternal stands in each clause; and it should be remembered that it stands for a quality of existence which is altogether independent of time. [source]

Chapter Summary: Matthew 25

1  The parable of the ten virgins,
14  and of the talents
31  Also the description of the last judgment

What do the individual words in Matthew 25:45 mean?

Then will He answer them saying Truly I say to you to the extent that not you did [it] to one of these the least neither to Me did you
Τότε ἀποκριθήσεται αὐτοῖς λέγων Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ἐφ’ ὅσον οὐκ ἐποιήσατε ἑνὶ τούτων τῶν ἐλαχίστων οὐδὲ ἐμοὶ ἐποιήσατε

ἀποκριθήσεται  will  He  answer 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Passive, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἀποκρίνομαι  
Sense: to give an answer to a question proposed, to answer.
λέγων  saying 
Parse: Verb, Present Participle Active, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: λέγω 
Sense: to say, to speak.
Ἀμὴν  Truly 
Parse: Hebrew Word
Root: ἀμήν  
Sense: firm.
λέγω  I  say 
Parse: Verb, Present Indicative Active, 1st Person Singular
Root: λέγω 
Sense: to say, to speak.
ὑμῖν  to  you 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Dative 2nd Person Plural
Root: σύ  
Sense: you.
ἐφ’  to  the  extent 
Parse: Preposition
Root: ἐπί  
Sense: upon, on, at, by, before.
ὅσον  that 
Parse: Personal / Relative Pronoun, Accusative Neuter Singular
Root: ὅσος  
Sense: as great as, as far as, how much, how many, whoever.
ἐποιήσατε  you  did  [it] 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Indicative Active, 2nd Person Plural
Root: ποιέω  
Sense: to make.
ἑνὶ  to  one 
Parse: Adjective, Dative Masculine Singular
Root: εἷς  
Sense: one.
τούτων  of  these 
Parse: Demonstrative Pronoun, Genitive Masculine Plural
Root: οὗτος  
Sense: this.
ἐλαχίστων  least 
Parse: Adjective, Genitive Masculine Plural, Superlative
Root: ἐλάχιστος  
Sense: smallest least.
οὐδὲ  neither 
Parse: Adverb
Root: οὐδέ  
Sense: but not, neither, nor, not even.
ἐμοὶ  to  Me 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Dative 1st Person Singular
Root: ἐγώ  
Sense: I, me, my.
ἐποιήσατε  did  you 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Indicative Active, 2nd Person Plural
Root: ποιέω  
Sense: to make.