The Meaning of Numbers 2:34 Explained

Numbers 2:34

KJV: And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses: so they pitched by their standards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to the house of their fathers.

YLT: And the sons of Israel do according to all that Jehovah hath commanded Moses; so they have encamped by their standards, and so they have journeyed; each by his families, by the house of his fathers.

Darby: And the children of Israel did according to all that Jehovah had commanded Moses: so they encamped according to their standards, and so they journeyed, every one according to their families, according to their fathers' houses.

ASV: Thus did the children of Israel; according to all that Jehovah commanded Moses, so they encamped by their standards, and so they set forward, every one by their families, according to their fathers houses.

What does Numbers 2:34 Mean?

Chapter Summary: Numbers 2

1  The order of the tribes in their tents

What do the individual words in Numbers 2:34 mean?

Thus did the sons of Israel according to all that commanded Yahweh - Moses So they camped by their standards so they broke camp each one by his family according to houses their fathers'
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֖וּ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל כְּ֠כֹל אֲשֶׁר־ צִוָּ֨ה יְהוָ֜ה אֶת־ מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֵּֽן־ חָנ֤וּ לְדִגְלֵיהֶם֙ וְכֵ֣ן נָסָ֔עוּ אִ֥ישׁ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖יו עַל־ בֵּ֥ית אֲבֹתָֽיו

וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֖וּ  Thus  did 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Verb, Qal, Consecutive imperfect, third person masculine plural
Root: עָשָׂה 
Sense: to do, fashion, accomplish, make.
בְּנֵ֣י  the  sons 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct
Root: בֵּן 
Sense: son, grandson, child, member of a group.
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל  of  Israel 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יִשְׂרָאֵל  
Sense: the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel.
כְּ֠כֹל  according  to  all 
Parse: Preposition, Noun, masculine singular
Root: כֹּל  
Sense: all, the whole.
אֲשֶׁר־  that 
Parse: Pronoun, relative
Root: אֲשֶׁר 
Sense: (relative part.).
צִוָּ֨ה  commanded 
Parse: Verb, Piel, Perfect, third person masculine singular
Root: צָוָה  
Sense: to command, charge, give orders, lay charge, give charge to, order.
יְהוָ֜ה  Yahweh 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.
אֶת־  - 
Parse: Direct object marker
Root: אֹות 
Sense: sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative.
מֹשֶׁ֗ה  Moses 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: מֹשֶׁה  
Sense: the prophet and lawgiver, leader of the exodus.
כֵּֽן־  So 
Parse: Adverb
Root: כֵּן 
Sense: so, therefore, thus.
חָנ֤וּ  they  camped 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person common plural
Root: חָנָה  
Sense: to decline, incline, encamp, bend down, lay siege against.
לְדִגְלֵיהֶם֙  by  their  standards 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, masculine plural construct, third person masculine plural
Root: דֶּגֶל  
Sense: banner, standard.
וְכֵ֣ן  so 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Adverb
Root: כֵּן 
Sense: so, therefore, thus.
נָסָ֔עוּ  they  broke  camp 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Perfect, third person common plural
Root: נָסַע  
Sense: to pull out, pull up, set out, journey, remove, set forward, depart.
אִ֥ישׁ  each  one 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: אִישׁ 
Sense: man.
לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֖יו  by  his  family 
Parse: Preposition-l, Noun, feminine plural construct, third person masculine singular
Root: מִשְׁפָּחָה  
Sense: clan, family.
עַל־  according  to 
Parse: Preposition
Root: עַל 
Sense: upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against.
בֵּ֥ית  houses 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: בַּיִת 
Sense: house.
אֲבֹתָֽיו  their  fathers' 
Parse: Noun, masculine plural construct, third person masculine singular
Root: אָב  
Sense: father of an individual.