The Meaning of Isaiah 10:16 Explained

Isaiah 10:16

KJV: Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire.

YLT: Therefore doth the Lord, the Lord of Hosts, Send among his fat ones leanness, And under his honour He kindleth a burning As the burning of a fire.

Darby: Therefore shall the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness, and under his glory he shall kindle a burning, like the burning of a fire:

ASV: Therefore will the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory there shall be kindled a burning like the burning of fire.

What does Isaiah 10:16 Mean?

Verse Meaning

Because of Assyria"s pride, sovereign Yahweh of armies would defeat this mighty foe. Isaiah described her fall as resulting from a wasting disease and a consuming fire. In Hebrew, in contrast to English, mixed metaphors add strength to a description rather than weakening it.

Context Summary

Isaiah 10:5-19 - The Mighty Laid Low
This question is addressed to the Assyrian invader, described as God's staff and rod. He was the means of inflicting deserved penalty on the world of that age, and especially on the Chosen People. He had no thought of this, but considered himself free to wreak his will without reference to that Higher Power whose agent he was. But the ruthless manner in which he carried out his work was destined to come under the divine judgment, Isaiah 10:12-15.
The capture of Jerusalem seemed as sure as the taking of a nest of eggs. The strongest barriers that the nations could oppose to his arms had fallen before the Assyrian king; and surely the Hebrew city should not escape. But God had yet to be reckoned with, Isaiah 10:16-19. The conception here is borrowed from a forest fire, which begins among the brushwood and presently consumes the loftiest and stoutest trees; so would the fire of destruction be kindled during the attack on the Holy City, which finally would involve the whole Assyrian empire. Let us not fear the wrath of man. God makes some portion of it to praise Him, and He restrains the remainder. [source]

Chapter Summary: Isaiah 10

1  The woe of tyrants
5  Assyria, the rod of hypocrites, for its pride shall be broken
20  A remnant of Israel shall be saved
23  Judah is comforted with promise of deliverance from Assyria

What do the individual words in Isaiah 10:16 mean?

Therefore will send the Lord Yahweh of Hosts among his fat ones leanness and under his glory He will kindle a burning Like the burning of a fire
לָ֠כֵן יְשַׁלַּ֨ח הָאָד֜וֹן יְהוָ֧ה צְבָא֛וֹת בְּמִשְׁמַנָּ֖יו רָז֑וֹן וְתַ֧חַת כְּבֹד֛וֹ יֵקַ֥ד יְקֹ֖ד כִּיק֥וֹד אֵֽשׁ

יְשַׁלַּ֨ח  will  send 
Parse: Verb, Piel, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: שָׁלַח  
Sense: to send, send away, let go, stretch out.
הָאָד֜וֹן  the  Lord 
Parse: Article, Noun, masculine singular
Root: אָדֹון  
Sense: firm, strong, lord, master.
יְהוָ֧ה  Yahweh 
Parse: Proper Noun, masculine singular
Root: יהוה 
Sense: the proper name of the one true God.
צְבָא֛וֹת  of  Hosts 
Parse: Noun, common plural
Root: צָבָא 
Sense: that which goes forth, army, war, warfare, host.
בְּמִשְׁמַנָּ֖יו  among  his  fat  ones 
Parse: Preposition-b, Noun, masculine plural construct, third person masculine singular
Root: מִשְׁמָן 
Sense: fatness, fat piece, fertile place, richly prepared food.
רָז֑וֹן  leanness 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: רָזׄון  
Sense: leanness, scantness, wasting.
וְתַ֧חַת  and  under 
Parse: Conjunctive waw, Preposition
Root: מִתְחָה 
Sense: the under part, beneath, instead of, as, for, for the sake of, flat, unto, where, whereas.
כְּבֹד֛וֹ  his  glory 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular construct, third person masculine singular
Root: כָּבֹוד  
Sense: glory, honour, glorious, abundance.
יֵקַ֥ד  He  will  kindle 
Parse: Verb, Qal, Imperfect, third person masculine singular
Root: יָקַד 
Sense: to burn, kindle, be kindled.
יְקֹ֖ד  a  burning 
Parse: Noun, masculine singular
Root: יְקֹד  
Sense: a burning.
כִּיק֥וֹד  Like  the  burning 
Parse: Preposition-k, Noun, masculine singular construct
Root: יְקֹד  
Sense: a burning.
אֵֽשׁ  of  a  fire 
Parse: Noun, common singular
Root: אֵשׁ  
Sense: fire.