What does En'-Gedi mean in the Bible?


Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - en-Gedi
EN-GEDI (‘spring of the kid’). A place ‘in the wilderness’ in the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:62 ), where David for a time was in hiding ( 1 Samuel 23:29 ; 1 Samuel 24:1 ). Here the Moabites and Ammonites came against Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 20:2 ). The Shulammite compares her beloved to henna flowers in En-gedi ( Song of Solomon 1:14 ); and in Ezekiel’s idealistic vision of the healing of the Dead Sea waters, a picture is drawn of fishers here spreading their nets ( Ezekiel 47:10 ). An alternative name is Hazazon-tamar , found in Genesis 14:7 and 2 Chronicles 20:2 . There is no doubt of the identification of En-gedi with ‘Ain Jidy , a spring of warm water that breaks out 330 ft. above the level of the Dead Sea, about the middle of its W. side. It once was cultivated, but is now given over to a wild semi-tropical vegetation.
R. A. S. Macalister.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - en-Gedi
Smith's Bible Dictionary - en'-Gedi
(fount of the kid ), a town in the wilderness of Judah, ( Joshua 15:62 ) on the western shore of the Dead Sea. (Ezekiel 47:10 ) Its original name was Hazezon-tamar, on account of the palm groves which surrounded it. (2 Chronicles 20:2 ) Its site is about the middle of the western shore of the lake, at the fountain of Ain Jidy , from which the place gets its name. It was immediately after an assault upon the "Amorites that dwelt in Hazezon-tamar," that the five Mesopotamian kings were attacked by the rulers of the plain of Sodom. ( Genesis 14:7 ) comp. 2 Chronicles 20:2 Saul was told that David was in the "wilderness of Engedi;" and he took "three thousand men, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats. " ( 1 Samuel 24:1-4 ) The vineyards of Engedi were celebrated by Solomon. (Song of Solomon 1:14 )

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