What does Elders mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
זִקְנֵ֣י old. 25
πρεσβυτέρων elder 21
πρεσβύτεροι elder 20
זִקְנֵ֥י old. 14
πρεσβυτέρους elder 12
זִקְנֵ֤י old. 6
πρεσβυτέροις elder 5
זִקְנֵ֨י old. 5
מִזִּקְנֵ֣י old. 5
הַזְּקֵנִ֗ים old. 4
הַזְּקֵנִ֖ים old. 4
וְזִקְנֵ֣י old. 3
וְזִקְנֵ֥י old. 3
הַזְּקֵנִ֔ים old. 3
זִקְנֵי־ old. 3
מִזִּקְנֵ֥י old. 3
זִקְנֵי֩ old. 2
מִזִּקְנֵ֖י old. 2
זְקֵנִ֣ים old. 2
זִקְנֵ֖י old. 2
הַזְּקֵנִ֑ים old. 2
לְזִקְנֵ֣י old. 2
זְקֵנֶ֖יךָ old. 2
וְהַזְּקֵנִ֖ים old. 2
זִקְנֵֽי־ old. 2
הַזְּקֵנִים֙ old. 2
(וּזְקֵנִ֖ים‪‬) old. 1
לְזִקְנֵ֨י old. 1
וְזִקְנֵ֧י old. 1
וּזְקֵנָ֡יו old. 1
זְֽקֵינֵינוּ֩ old. 1
זְקֵנֶ֔יהָ old. 1
וּזְקֵנַ֖י old. 1
זְקֵנִים֙ old. 1
זְקֵנִ֖ים old. 1
זִקְנֵ֥י־ old. 1
וּלְזִקְנֵ֖י old. 1
וּזְקֵנָ֥יו old. 1
לַזְּקֵנִ֜ים old. 1
שָׂבֵ֣י to be gray 1
לְשָׂבַיָּ֣א to be gray 1
וּלְשָׂבֵ֣י to be gray 1
שָׂבֵ֤י to be gray 1
לִזְקֵנָיו֙ old. 1
זְקֵנִ֗ים old. 1
זְקֵנִ֔ים old. 1
הַזְקֵנִ֤ים‪‬ old. 1
וְהַזְּקֵנִים֩ old. 1
הַזְּקֵנִים֒ old. 1
הַזְּקֵנִֽים old. 1
זִקְנֵיכֶם֙ old. 1
לְזִקְנֵ֥י old. 1
וְזִקְנֵיכֶֽם old. 1
הַזְּקֵנִ֣ים old. 1
הַזְּקֵנִ֤ים old. 1
זִקְנֵי֙ old. 1
וְזִקְנֵ֨י old. 1
מִזְּקֵנִֽים old. 1
וְהַזְּקֵנִ֔ים old. 1
זְקֵנָ֖יו old. 1
וּמִזִּקְנֵ֣י old. 1
וּמִזִּקְנֵ֖י old. 1
וְהַזְּקֵנִ֛ים old. 1
וְשָׂבֵ֤י to be gray 1

Definitions Related to elders

H2205


   1 old.
      1a old (of humans).
      1b elder (of those having authority).
      

G4245


   1 elder, of age,.
      1a the elder of two people.
      1b advanced in life, an elder, a senior.
         1b1 forefathers.
   2 a term of rank or office.
      2a among the Jews.
         2a1 members of the great council or Sanhedrin (because in early times the rulers of the people, judges, etc.
         , were selected from elderly men).
         2a2 of those who in separate cities managed public affairs and administered justice.
      2b among the Christians, those who presided over the assemblies (or churches) The NT uses the term bishop, elders, and presbyters interchangeably.
      2c the twenty four members of the heavenly Sanhedrin or court seated on thrones around the throne of God.
      

H7868


   1 to be gray, be hoary, be hoary-headed.
      1a (P’al) elders (subst).
      

Frequency of elders (original languages)

Frequency of elders (English)

Dictionary

Chabad Knowledge Base - Seventy elders
Appointed by Moses, at G-d�s behest, to assist him in leading the Israelites. Moses conferred upon them from the divine spirit that he was blessed with.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - elders
In the church of the Old Testament, elders were the fathers of the tribes, and had the government in a great measure committed to them. Hence when the Lord appeared unto Moses at the bush, with a view to reveal himself in the deliverance of the people; he said, "Go and gather the elders of Israel together." (Exodus 3:16) In the New Testament church, the term seems to be generally applied to fathers and governors of families. Peter called himself an elder. (1 Peter 5:1)
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - elders
a name given to certain laymen in the Presbyterian discipline, who are ecclesiastical officers, and in conjunction with the ministers and deacons compose the kirk sessions in Scotland. The number of elders is proportioned to the extent and population of the parish, and is seldom less than two or three, but sometimes exceeds fifty. They are laymen in this respect, that they have no right to teach, or to dispense the sacraments; and on this account they form an office in the Presbyterian church inferior in rank and power to that of pastors. They generally discharge the office which originally belonged to the deacons, of attending to the interests of the poor. But their peculiar business is expressed by the name ruling elders; for in every jurisdiction within the parish they are the spiritual court, of which the minister is officially moderator; and in the presbytery, of which the pastors of all the parishes within its bounds are officially members, lay elders sit as the representatives of the several sessions or consistories.
ELDERS OF ISRAEL. By this name we understand the heads of tribes, or rather of the great families in Israel, who, before the settlement of the Hebrew commonwealth, had a government and authority over their own families, and the people. When Moses was sent into Egypt to deliver Israel, he assembled the elders of Israel, and told them that the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, had appeared to him, Exodus 3:15 ; Exodus 4:29 , &c. Moses and Aaron treat the elders of Israel as the representatives of the nation. When God gave the law to Moses, he said, "Take Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, his sons, and the seventy elders of Israel, and worship ye afar off,"
Exodus 24:1 ; Exodus 24:9-10 . They advanced only to the foot of the mountain. On all occasions afterward, we find this number of seventy elders. But it is credible, that as there were twelve tribes, there were seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, and that seventy is set down, instead of seventy-two; or rather, that Moses and Aaron should be added to the number seventy, and that, exclusive of them, there were but four elders from the tribe of Levi. After Jethro's arrival in the camp of Israel, Moses made a considerable change in the governors of the people. He established over Israel heads of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, that justice might be readily administered to applicants; only difficult eases were referred to himself, Exodus 18:24-25 , &c. But this constitution did not continue long; for on the murmuring of the people at the encampment called the Graves of Lust, Numbers 11:24-35 , Moses appointed seventy elders of Israel, to whom God communicated part of that legislator's spirit; they began to prophesy, and ceased not afterward. This, according to the generality of interpreters, was the beginning of the sanhedrim; but, to support this opinion, many things must be supposed, whereby to infer, that this court of justice was constantly in being during the Scripture history. It seems that the establishment of the seventy elders by Moses continued, not only during his life, but under Joshua likewise, and under the judges. The elders of the people and Joshua swore to the treaty with the Gibeonites, Joshua 9:15 . A little before his death, Joshua renewed the covenant with the Lord, in company with the elders, the princes, the heads, and officers of Israel, Joshua 23; Joshua 24:1 ; Joshua 24:28 . After the death of Joshua, and the elders who survived him, the people were several times brought into bondage, and were delivered by their judges. We do not see distinctly what authority the elders had during this time, and still less under the kings who succeeded the judges.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - elders
Church officers; in the early part of the Old Testament the term designated the chiefs of tribes and later the men of special influence and dignity and the lay element in the Sanhedrin. In the New Testament the officers of the newly organized Church corresponded to the elders of the Jewish synagogues. In some modern Protestant churches the word denotes a class of officers intended to correspond in function to the elders of the Apostolic Church. In the Presbyterian Church the term includes the clergy, called the "teaching elders" but in ordinary language it is restricted to the "lay" or "ruling elders" who are chosen in each congregation to assist the minister in the management of church affairs. In the Methodist Church the term designates a minister entitled to preach and administer the sacraments.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - elders of Israel
The heads of tribes, who, before the settlement of the Hebrew commonwealth, had a government and authority over their own families and the people. Moses and Aaron treated the elders as representatives of the nation, Exodus 3:16 4:29 12:21 . When the law was given, God directed Moses to take the seventy elders, as well as Aaron, and Nadab and Abihu his sons, that they might be witnesses, Exodus 24:1,9 . Ever afterwards we find this number of seventy, or rather, seventy-two, elders; six from each tribe.
In allusion to the Jewish elders, the ordinary governors and teachers of the Christian church are called elders, or presbyters, Acts 20:17,28 Titus 1:5,7 1 Peter 5:1 2 John 1:1 .
Morrish Bible Dictionary - elders
This term occurs first in Genesis 50:7 , where it applies to the Egyptians of the house of Pharaoh and to the elders of Egypt. In Numbers 22:7 we read also of the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian, so that the term was not confined to Israel. The word is saqen which implies 'aged man;' they were no doubt also men of repute, including heads of houses of each tribe, without having any official place such as was given to the seventy appointed by God to work with Moses: these were chosen from among the elders. Numbers 11:16,17,24,25 .
Elders would be found in every city, and could act in all matters of the common weal as the responsible members of the community. They could be called on any emergency. For instance, when a dead man was found in a field, and it was not known who had slain him, the elders of the city to which it was nearest, must assemble, and, with their hands over a heifer, beheaded for the occasion, must solemnly declare that they had no knowledge of the murder. The 'judges ' are here named as distinct from the elders. Deuteronomy 21:1-9 . In any ratification as to the redemption of an inheritance the elders were called together to be witnesses. Ruth 4:1-12 . The elders being heads of houses and related by blood to the people, Israel must have been in a dire condition when the elders were not honoured. Lamentations 4:16 ; Lamentations 5:12 .
In the N.T. the elders of Israel are often referred to and their traditions spoken of. Mark 7:3,5 . Such took a prominent part in the condemnation of the Lord, and are mentioned as distinct from the Sanhedrim. Matthew 26:59 . 'All the elders' in Matthew 27:1 would include the Sanhedrim: cf. also Acts 6:12 . The elders continued their opposition as long as there was any open testimony in Jerusalem. Acts 4:23 ; Acts 24:1 ; Acts 25:15 .
ELDER IN THE CHURCH. The word is πρεσβύτερος, and signifies 'aged person.' There were elders at Jerusalem, though we do not read of their appointment, Acts 11:30 ; Acts 15:2-23 ; 1 Chronicles 24:7-18 ; but the choice of elders in the Gentile assemblies was by apostolic authority, either direct or delegated. Paul and Barnabas chose, or appointed, elders in every city. Acts 14:23 : cf. James 5:14 ; 1 Peter 5:1 . Titus was delegated by Paul to establish elders in every city in Crete. Titus 1:5 . In Titus 1:7 they are called bishops, or overseers; so in Acts 20 Paul called for the elders of Ephesus, to whom he said that the Holy Ghost had made them bishops, or overseers, showing that those appointed as elders and bishops were the same persons. Acts 20:28 . See BISHOP.
It is important to note the distinction between 'gift' and 'office.' The former is direct from the Lord; the latter by human appointment. Gift needed no human authority for its exercise, and was held in immediate responsibility to the Head. Elders were such by apostolic authority, direct or delegated. Their appointment was not to preach or teach (though if they took the lead well, and had the gift of teaching, they were worthy of double honour, 1 John 5:17 ), but 'to shepherd' the assembly of God, Acts 20:28 , and to maintain it in order in the locality where they lived. Their authority was over the unbroken local assembly. There can be now no such elders either in the source of their authority, or in the sphere of its exercise.
ELDERS IN HEAVEN. The four and twenty elders seen by John in heaven are frequently referred to in the Revelation. They were seen round about the throne, sitting on thrones (not seats), clothed in white raiment, with crowns of gold on their heads, and they worship God. Revelation 4:4,10 . In the O.T, when all was in order there were twenty-four courses of the priesthood, each course having an elder as head or chief, Acts 21:18 ; and the elders in the Revelation being twenty-four in number may be in allusion to them. The elders in heaven have harps and golden vials full of odours, "which are the prayers of saints," showing that they act as priests, Revelation 5:8 ; and in Revelation 5:9 they celebrate redemption in a song. They are doubtless the redeemed, including both Old and New Testament saints. Revelation 7:11,13 ; Revelation 11:16 ; Revelation 14:3 ; Revelation 19:4 .

Sentence search

Elder - ...
elders in the Old Testament From the beginning of Israelite history, the elders were the leaders of the various clans and tribes. When the tribes came together to form the nation of Israel, the elders of the tribes naturally assumed important roles in governing the affairs of the nation. Moses was commanded to inform the “elders of Israel” of the Lord's intention to deliver Israel from Egypt and to take the elders with him to confront the pharaoh (Exodus 3:16 ,Exodus 3:16,3:18 ). Similarly, seventy of the elders participated with Moses at the covenant meal at Sinai (Exodus 24:9-11 ). As the task of governing Israel grew in complexity, part of the burden was transferred from Moses to a council of seventy elders (Numbers 11:16-17 ). ...
During the period of the Judges and the monarchy, the elders were prominent in the political and judicial life of Israel. In the legal codes of Deuteronomy the elders are responsible for administering justice, sitting as judges in the city gate (Deuteronomy 22:15 ), deciding cases affecting family life (Deuteronomy 21:18-21 , Deuteronomy 22:13-21 ), and executing decisions (Deuteronomy 19:11-13 ; Deuteronomy 21:1-9 ). ...
Although elders were less prominent in the post-exilic period and the term was apparently not much used in Jewish communities outside Palestine, the “council of elders” was an integral part of the Sanhedrin at Jerusalem. In the New Testament, frequent reference is made to the elders of the Jews, usually in conjunction with the chief priests or scribes (for example, Matthew 21:23 ; Mark 14:43 ). In this context the elders, apparently members of leading families, had some authority but were not the principal leaders in either religious or political affairs. elders did have leading roles in the government of synagogues and after the fall of the Temple became even more central to Jewish religious life. ...
elders in the New Testament In the earliest Jewish Christian churches, at least the church in Jerusalem, the position of “elder” was almost certainly modeled after the synagogue pattern. Although there are few specific details about the function of elders in the Jerusalem church, they apparently served as a decision-making council. They are often mentioned in conjunction with the apostles, and some passages give the impression that the apostles and elders of Jerusalem considered themselves to be a decision-making council for the whole church (Acts 15:1 ; Acts 21:17-26 ). ...
Other churches also had elders. Acts 14:23 reports that Paul and Barnabas appointed elders in churches on their missionary journey. These elders do not seem to fit the Jewish pattern, however. In the address to the Ephesian elders Paul referred to them as overseeing the church and serving as shepherds of the church ( Acts 20:28 ). Paul did not use the term “elders” often usually referring to the functions of ministry rather than titles of offices. Although those exercising such gifts in churches are not expressly called elders, it is likely that at least some of them were elders. Thus, elders in the Pauline churches were probably spiritual leaders and ministers, not simply a governing council. ...
One of the most debated questions concerning the pattern of early Christian ministry is the relationship between bishops and elders. Nowhere in the letters of Paul is there any explicit reference to the duties of either, nor is there any listing of the qualifications of elders. The passage begins with a direction that elders be appointed in every town and continues with a description of the qualifications for a bishop. ...
The qualifications in Titus 1:6-9 and in 1 Timothy 3:1-7 apparently apply to elders. It becomes apparent that the elders were the spiritual leaders of the churches. The only specific reference to the ministry of elders is the description ( James 5:14-15 ) of elders praying for and anointing a sick person. The nature of the relationship between the various elders is nowhere described. ...
Although some translations use the term “ordain” in reporting the appointment of elders (Acts 14:23 ; Titus 1:5 ), there is little evidence concerning the church's practice of commissioning elders. By the early second century, many churches were governed by one ruling bishop, assisted by presbyters (elders)
Elders - This term occurs first in Genesis 50:7 , where it applies to the Egyptians of the house of Pharaoh and to the elders of Egypt. In Numbers 22:7 we read also of the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian, so that the term was not confined to Israel. The word is saqen which implies 'aged man;' they were no doubt also men of repute, including heads of houses of each tribe, without having any official place such as was given to the seventy appointed by God to work with Moses: these were chosen from among the elders. ...
elders would be found in every city, and could act in all matters of the common weal as the responsible members of the community. For instance, when a dead man was found in a field, and it was not known who had slain him, the elders of the city to which it was nearest, must assemble, and, with their hands over a heifer, beheaded for the occasion, must solemnly declare that they had no knowledge of the murder. The 'judges ' are here named as distinct from the elders. In any ratification as to the redemption of an inheritance the elders were called together to be witnesses. The elders being heads of houses and related by blood to the people, Israel must have been in a dire condition when the elders were not honoured. the elders of Israel are often referred to and their traditions spoken of. 'All the elders' in Matthew 27:1 would include the Sanhedrim: cf. The elders continued their opposition as long as there was any open testimony in Jerusalem. ' There were elders at Jerusalem, though we do not read of their appointment, Acts 11:30 ; Acts 15:2-23 ; Acts 21:18 ; but the choice of elders in the Gentile assemblies was by apostolic authority, either direct or delegated. Paul and Barnabas chose, or appointed, elders in every city. Titus was delegated by Paul to establish elders in every city in Crete. In Titus 1:7 they are called bishops, or overseers; so in Acts 20 Paul called for the elders of Ephesus, to whom he said that the Holy Ghost had made them bishops, or overseers, showing that those appointed as elders and bishops were the same persons. elders were such by apostolic authority, direct or delegated. There can be now no such elders either in the source of their authority, or in the sphere of its exercise. ...
elders IN HEAVEN. The four and twenty elders seen by John in heaven are frequently referred to in the Revelation. T, when all was in order there were twenty-four courses of the priesthood, each course having an elder as head or chief, 1 Chronicles 24:7-18 ; and the elders in the Revelation being twenty-four in number may be in allusion to them. The elders in heaven have harps and golden vials full of odours, "which are the prayers of saints," showing that they act as priests, Revelation 5:8 ; and in Revelation 5:9 they celebrate redemption in a song
Elders of Israel - Moses and Aaron treated the elders as representatives of the nation, Exodus 3:16 4:29 12:21 . When the law was given, God directed Moses to take the seventy elders, as well as Aaron, and Nadab and Abihu his sons, that they might be witnesses, Exodus 24:1,9 . Ever afterwards we find this number of seventy, or rather, seventy-two, elders; six from each tribe. ...
In allusion to the Jewish elders, the ordinary governors and teachers of the Christian church are called elders, or presbyters, Acts 20:17,28 Titus 1:5,7 1 Peter 5:1 2 John 1:1
Elders - The number of elders is proportioned to the extent and population of the parish, and is seldom less than two or three, but sometimes exceeds fifty. But their peculiar business is expressed by the name ruling elders; for in every jurisdiction within the parish they are the spiritual court, of which the minister is officially moderator; and in the presbytery, of which the pastors of all the parishes within its bounds are officially members, lay elders sit as the representatives of the several sessions or consistories. ...
elders OF ISRAEL. When Moses was sent into Egypt to deliver Israel, he assembled the elders of Israel, and told them that the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, had appeared to him, Exodus 3:15 ; Exodus 4:29 , &c. Moses and Aaron treat the elders of Israel as the representatives of the nation. When God gave the law to Moses, he said, "Take Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, his sons, and the seventy elders of Israel, and worship ye afar off,"...
Exodus 24:1 ; Exodus 24:9-10 . On all occasions afterward, we find this number of seventy elders. But it is credible, that as there were twelve tribes, there were seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, and that seventy is set down, instead of seventy-two; or rather, that Moses and Aaron should be added to the number seventy, and that, exclusive of them, there were but four elders from the tribe of Levi. But this constitution did not continue long; for on the murmuring of the people at the encampment called the Graves of Lust, Numbers 11:24-35 , Moses appointed seventy elders of Israel, to whom God communicated part of that legislator's spirit; they began to prophesy, and ceased not afterward. It seems that the establishment of the seventy elders by Moses continued, not only during his life, but under Joshua likewise, and under the judges. The elders of the people and Joshua swore to the treaty with the Gibeonites, Joshua 9:15 . A little before his death, Joshua renewed the covenant with the Lord, in company with the elders, the princes, the heads, and officers of Israel, Joshua 23; Joshua 24:1 ; Joshua 24:28 . After the death of Joshua, and the elders who survived him, the people were several times brought into bondage, and were delivered by their judges. We do not see distinctly what authority the elders had during this time, and still less under the kings who succeeded the judges
Elders - In the New Testament the officers of the newly organized Church corresponded to the elders of the Jewish synagogues. In some modern Protestant churches the word denotes a class of officers intended to correspond in function to the elders of the Apostolic Church. In the Presbyterian Church the term includes the clergy, called the "teaching elders" but in ordinary language it is restricted to the "lay" or "ruling elders" who are chosen in each congregation to assist the minister in the management of church affairs
Elder - The Bible refers to these people by a number of words, one of them ‘elders’. Soon the church in Jerusalem had its own group of governing elders, and these were distinct from the apostles (Acts 11:30; Acts 15:6). The practice of appointing elders was later copied in other churches (Acts 14:23), though there is not enough information to indicate whether the form of church government was the same in all the churches. Even where the Bible recognizes a title, the emphasis is usually more on the work the elders do than on the office they hold (Acts 20:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:12-13; 1 Thessalonians 5:13; 1 Timothy 3:1; 1 Peter 5:1-3). ...
English versions of the Bible use various words for church leaders – ‘elders’, ‘overseers’, ‘guardians’, ‘bishops’. For example (quoting the RSV), in Acts 20:17 Paul sends for the elders (presbuteroi) of the Ephesian church, but when they arrive (v. Likewise in Titus 1:5 he tells Titus to appoint elders (presbuteroi), and then in the same sentence (v. In reference to any specific local church, the Bible always speaks of a plurality of elders (Acts 14:23; Acts 20:17; Philippians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 5:12). ...
Responsibilities of elders...
Elders are likened to shepherds over a flock. Others in the church can help the elders by taking responsibility for many of the practical ministries of the church. In this way they give the elders more time for the important pastoral ministries God has entrusted to them (Acts 6:2-4; James 5:14; see DEACON). ...
All elders should have some ability at teaching (1 Timothy 3:2), though some will be more gifted than others, and therefore more occupied than others, in public preaching (1 Timothy 5:17). Through their own ministry and that of teachers from elsewhere, elders should provide the church with teaching that is upbuilding and protect it from what is harmful (Acts 20:28-30; Titus 1:9). elders must therefore be people of discernment (Luke 7:3; 1 Timothy 6:3-5; 2 Timothy 2:14-16; 2 John 1:7-11). ...
Appointment of elders...
The Bible gives no specific instructions concerning how elders are chosen or appointed. In the case of the churches that Paul and Barnabas established in Galatia, the first elders were appointed by those who planted the churches (Acts 14:23). Normally, people should not be appointed elders too soon after their conversion, because time is needed for Christian character and spiritual gift to develop (1 Timothy 3:6; 1 Timothy 5:22). If a church is left without elders, it is liable to lose direction (Titus 1:5; Titus 1:10-11). ...
Those who have the responsibility to appoint elders must realize that only the Holy Spirit can really make a person an elder (Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 12:11; 1 Corinthians 12:28). They should also make sure, through prayer and consultation with the church as a whole, that those whom they appoint are those whom the church recognizes as elders. They should also give the elders suitable payment for the work they do and the time they spend in the service of the church (1664061066_88; cf. ...
With the passing of years and the growth of the church, additional elders will be needed. Certain believers may recognize the direction in which their spiritual gifts are developing and desire to be elders (1 Timothy 3:1; see GIFTS OF THE SPIRIT). People in the church will recognize his gift; in fact, elders have a responsibility to train those who appear to have leadership ability (2 Timothy 2:2; cf. The example of the apostles in the early church suggests that the existing elders are the ones who make the appointment (Acts 1:21-26; cf. ...
Some may be tempted to avoid eldership because of the difficulties and tensions that come with it (1 Peter 5:2 a). elders can learn how to be true shepherds of the flock by following the example of the Chief Shepherd, Jesus Christ, who gave himself for it (1 Peter 5:4; cf
Elder (2) - The few cases of unofficial meaning of the term are: Luke 15:25, where it describes the ‘elder brother’ in the parable of the Prodigal; and Matthew 15:2, Mark 7:3; Mark 7:5, where it means ‘the elders’ of a former age, the men of old from whom customs and maxims are handed down. In all the other passages (Matthew 16:21; Matthew 21:28; Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:47; Matthew 26:57; Matthew 26:59; Matthew 27:1; Matthew 27:3; Matthew 27:12; Matthew 27:20; Matthew 27:41, Mark 8:31; Mark 11:27; Mark 14:43; Mark 14:53, Luke 9:22; Luke 20:1; Luke 22:52) the term ‘elders’—invariably plural—bears the official meaning current among the Jews of our Lord’s time. ]'>[1] there is frequent mention of ‘elders’ in the official sense (see, e. From a study of these and similar passages it appears that in all the history of Israel, from the Egyptian bondage down to the time of Christ, ‘elders’ appear as an official class; but the descriptions and statements are not explicit enough to give a definite idea of how they were appointed to office, or of their exact functions. Further, there is a distinction between local ‘elders’ (those of a city) and ‘the elders of Israel,’ ‘elders of the congregation,’ ‘elders of the people,’ as they are variously called. ...
One passage only (Luke 7:3) seems to indicate the local ‘elders’—those of Capernaum, the scene of the event described; and even here the turn of the expression, ‘elders of the Jews,’ might possibly point to national ‘elders’ present or resident at Capernaum. In all the remaining passages cited above, the reference is to the national ‘elders. This view is sustained by the connexion and association of the term,—usually with ‘scribes’ and ‘chief priests,’—and by Luke 22:66, where the Sanhedrin is called ‘the presbytery,’ or assembly of ‘elders’ (πρεσβυτέριον, cf. There are various forms of expression: sometimes ‘elders’ simply, and sometimes ‘elders of the people,’ commonly associated with ‘chief priests and scribes. ’ This is held by some to indicate that there were three orders or grades in the Sanhedrin, the ‘elders’ being the lay element, or representatives of the people
Elder - Therefore elders had to be chosen carefully. elders could serve locally as elders of a city (Judges 8:14 ), regionally as elders of a tribe (Judges 11:5 ), and nationally as elders of the nation (Exodus 3:16 ). ...
The key duties of the elders could be summarized as being the twofold task of judging and discipline generally, and of ruling and guiding the people in an orderly way. In this manner the elders were to be in God's serve and to be instrumental for the preservation of life with God in the covenant community. ...
With respect to the task of judging, elders were appointed in the wilderness wanderings by Moses, with the cooperation of Israel, in order to help him judge the people (Exodus 18:13-26 ; Deuteronomy 1:13 ). In the promised land, elders were also to be appointed to maintain justice locally (Deuteronomy 16:18 ; 21:18-21 ; 22:15-19 ; Ruth 4:1-12 ), but a higher tribunal of priests and a judge existed for difficult cases (Deuteronomy 17:8-9 ). ...
The ruling task of elders was theirs from earliest times. Their leadership position was evident from the fact that Moses had to go to the elders, he would have to go to Pharaoh (Exodus 3:16-18 ). The elders' position of authority was also clear from their asking Jephthah to lead them in the fight against the Ammonites (Judges 11:4-11 ), from their seeking a king from Samuel (1 Samuel 8:4-5 ), and from their anointing David king over all Israel (2 Samuel 5:3 ; Titus 1:9-116 ; cf. also the presence of the elders in 2 Samuel 17:1-4 ). The elders' leadership was evident in other ways as well. Faithful elders were of great importance to keep the nation faithful to their God (Joshua 24:31 ; Judges 2:7 ). Indeed, the elders' first responsibility was to God. ...
To do their vital tasks of judging and ruling, elders were to be capable men who feared God and were upright (Exodus 18:21,25 ); they were to be wise, understanding, and experienced (Deuteronomy 1:13 ); and they were empowered by the Holy Spirit (Numbers 11:16-17 ). As previously, elders were in positions of leadership both in the homeland (Ezra 10:14 ) and Babylon (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; 14:1 ; 20:1,3 ). Whereas the elders' authority once derived from their position within the tribe, real authority now became based on the prominence of a particular family and an aristocratic ruling class emerged. , we read of a council comprised of aristocratic elders (cf. Although elders were historically the oldest members, in later times they became less important compared to the priests and scribes and the term "elders" came to signify lay members. This is the situation encountered in the New Testament, where the triad of chief priests, scribes, and elders is often referred to as the Sanhedrin (Mark 11:27 ; 14:43 ; also cf. Thus Luke did not need to explain his first reference to Christian elders in Acts 11:30 . ...
New Testament elders (presbyteroi [ Titus 1:5-9 ; and 1 Timothy 3:1-7 ). A distinction is made (in 1 Timothy 5:17 ) between those elders who rule well, especially those who labor in the preaching and teaching (who are now called ministers), and others (who are now referred to as elders and whose full-time task is directing the affairs of the church). All elders have the task of oversight and discipline of the congregation (Acts 20:28 ) and all have the responsibility to rule and guide the people of God with the Word in a manner that is pleasing to God (Acts 20:29-31 ). Also elders in the new dispensation are to preserve and nurture life with God in the covenant community (1 Thessalonians 2:11-12 ). ...
The elders' task of oversight and discipline can be described in terms of keeping watch and shepherding on behalf of the great shepherd Jesus Christ. In Paul's farewell to the Ephesian elders he said: "Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. The pastoral character of this task of oversight is also indicated when Peter writes: "To the elders among you, I appeal as a fellow elder Be shepherds of God's flock that is under your care, serving as overseers—not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be; not greedy for money, but eager to serve; not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock. Like their Old Testament counterparts, the elders are to see to it that the gospel and the demands of the Lord are imprinted in the hearts and lives of God's people (1 Thessalonians 2:11-12 ; 2 Timothy 2:24-26 ). ...
The necessary qualifications for the office suggest that elders must be chosen very carefully. elders could be simply appointed (Titus 1:5 ) although congregational participation may very well have been involved in at least some instances. ...
In Revelation 4:4 the twenty-four elders sitting on twenty-four thrones surrounding the throne of God probably represent the entire church (twenty-four for the twelve patriarchs of the Old Testament and the twelve apostles of the New Testament cf. These heavenly elders wear white garments, have crowns of gold, and worship God (4:4,10-11; 5:7-10; 11:16-18; 19:4). De Koster, The elders Handbook: A Practical Guide for Church Leaders ; W
Elder - (Numbers 22:7 ) The earliest notice of the elders acting in concert as a political body is at the time of the Exodus. They were the representatives of the people, so much so that elders and people are occasionally used as equivalent terms; comp. The seventy elders mentioned in Exodus and Numbers were a sort of governing body, a parliament, and the origin of the tribunal of seventy elders called the Sanhedrin or Council. In the New Testament Church the elders or presbyters were the same as the bishops. It was an office derived from the Jewish usage of elders or rulers of the synagogues
Senate - (Acts 5:21 ), the "elders of Israel" who formed a component part of the Sanhedrin
Senate, Senators - The 'assembly of the elders, priests,' etc
Diselder - ) To deprive of an elder or elders, or of the office of an elder
Medad - One of the seventy elders on whom the Spirit rested, and who prophesied
Eldad - One of the seventy elders, who, with Medad, received the spirit of prophecy
Eldership - ) Office of an elder; collectively, a body of elders
Bishop - Paul reminds the elders of Ephesus that the Holy Ghost has made them bishops over the flock; in Philippians 1:1 he sends a greeting to the saints at Philippi ‘with bishops and deacons’; in 1 Timothy 3:2 he tells Timothy that ‘the bishop must be blameless,’ etc. ’...
In the OT the word ‘elder’ is used from early times of an official class having jurisdiction both civil and religious, so that when synagogues were built, the elders of the city would naturally be the elders of the synagogue, with the right of regulating the services and excluding offenders. It is indirectly recognized in Luke 22:26 ; but we cannot infer the existence of elders from Acts 5:6 , for ‘the younger men’ who carry out Ananias are simply ‘the young men’ in Acts 5:10 when they carry out Sapphira. The first clear trace of Christian elders is at Jerusalem. ...
For the last two hundred years it has been generally agreed that bishops and elders in the NT and for some time later are substantially identical. For (1) bishops and elders are never joined, like bishops and deacons, as distinct classes of officials. ’ Had there been an intermediate class of elders, it could not well have been omitted. So 1 Timothy 3:1-16 ignores the elders, though ( 1 Timothy 5:17 ) there were elders at Ephesus, and had been ( Acts 20:17 ) for some time. Conversely, Titus 1:6-7 describes elders instead, and nearly in the same words. (3) The bishop described to Timothy, the elders of Acts 20:1-38 , those of 1 Timothy 5:17 , those described to Titus, and those of 1 Peter 5:2 , all seem to hold a subordinate position, and to have rather pastoral duties than what we should call episcopal. (4) The same persons are called elders and bishops ( Acts 20:17 ; Acts 20:28 ). This would seem proved by Titus 1:5 ; Titus 1:7 ‘that thou appoint elders …, for the bishop (overseer) must be blameless. This is vain repetition if the bishop is only the elder under another name, and bad logic if he is a ruler over the elders; but it becomes dear if the ‘bishop’ is not a defined official, but an overseer generally. In the case of the Lycaonian elders ( Acts 14:23 ) the Apostles ‘appointed’ them with prayer and fastings. Similarly the elders in Crete ( Titus 1:6 ) are ‘appointed’ by Titus, and apparently the bishops at Ephesus by Timothy. The elders are already attached ( 1 Timothy 4:14 ) to the Apostles in the conveyance of special gifts; and when the Apostles died out, they would act alone in the institution to local office. The development of an episcopate is a further question, and very much a question of words if the bishop (in the later sense) was gradually developed upward from the elders. But the next stage after this was that, while the bishop instituted his own elders, he was himself instituted by the neighbouring bishops, or in still later times by the bishops of the civil province or by a metropolitan. Duties...
(1) General superintendence : elders in Acts 20:28 , 1Ti 5:17 , 1 Peter 5:2 ; 1 Peter 5:2 (ruling badly); bishops in 1 Timothy 3:5 . ’ and Hebrews 13:7 ; Hebrews 13:17 ; Hebrews 13:24 ‘them that have the rule over you,’ remind us of the bishops and elders who rule ( 1 Timothy 3:4 ; 1 Timothy 5:17 ). So, too, the ‘rulers’ in Clement must be bishops or elders, for these bishops plainly have no earthly superior, so that they must be themselves the rulers. ...
Under this head we may place the share taken by the elders: ( a ) at Jerusalem ( Acts 15:6 ) in the deliberations of the Apostolic Conference, and ( Acts 21:18 ) in the reception held by James; ( b ) elsewhere ( 1 Timothy 4:14 ) in the laying-on of hands on Timothy, whether that corresponds to ordination or to something else. ...
(2) Teaching : 1 Thessalonians 5:12 rulers admonishing in the Lord; 1 Timothy 3:2 the bishop apt to teach; 1 Timothy 5:17 double honour to the elders who rule well, especially those who toil in word and teaching; Titus 1:9 the elder or bishop must be able to teach, and to convince the gainsayers. Yet 1 Timothy 5:17 seems to imply that elders might rule well who toiled in other duties than word and teaching; and if so, these were not the sole work of all elders
Elder - elders, or seniors, in ancient Jewish polity, were persons the most considerable for age, experience, and wisdom. ...
elders, in church history, were originally those who held the first place in the assemblies of the primitive Christians. The word presbyter is often used in the New Testament in this signification; hence the first councils of Christians were called Presbyteria, or councils of elders. ...
elders in the presbyterian discipline, are officers, who, in conjunction with the ministers and deacons, compose the kirk sessions, who formerly used to inspect and regulate matters of religion and discipline; but whose principal business now is to take care of the poor's funds. In Scotland there is an indefinite number of elders in each parish, generally about twelve. It has long been a matter of dispute, whether there are any such officers as lay-elders mentioned in Scripture. Guise, on the passage 1 Timothy 5:17 , "that the apostle intends only preaching elders, when he directs double honour to be paid to the elders that rule well, especially those who labour in the word and doctrine; and that the distinction lies not in the order of officers, but in the degree of their diligence, faithfulness, and eminence in laboriously fulfilling their ministerial work; and to the emphasis is to be laid on the word labour in the word and doctrine, which has an especially annexed to it
Eldad - One of the seventy elders appointed to assist Moses in the government of the people. On one occasion he and another named Medad were not present with Moses and the rest of the elders at the door of the Tabernacle to hear God’s message and receive His spirit
Charmis - Son of Melchiel, one of three rulers or elders of Bethnlia ( Jdt 6:15 ; Jdt 8:10 ; Jdt 10:6 )
Boule - ) A legislative council of elders or chiefs; a senate
Venerate - ) To regard with reverential respect; to honor with mingled respect and awe; to reverence; to revere; as, we venerate parents and elders
Elders - In the church of the Old Testament, elders were the fathers of the tribes, and had the government in a great measure committed to them. Hence when the Lord appeared unto Moses at the bush, with a view to reveal himself in the deliverance of the people; he said, "Go and gather the elders of Israel together
Elder - ) A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers; as, the elders of Israel; the elders of the synagogue; the elders in the apostolic church
Medad - Love, one of the elders nominated to assist Moses in the government of the people
Elidad - = Eldad , one of the elders, Numbers 11:26 f
Presbytery - ]'>[1] of NT the word occurs only in 1 Timothy 4:14 , where it denotes the body of Christian presbyters or elders (no doubt those belonging to the church at Lystra; cf. ]'>[2] ‘elders,’ RV [3] ‘assembly of the elders’) and Acts 22:5 (AV [3] ‘estate of the elders’), as an expression for the body of Jewish elders who with the ‘chief priests’ and the scribes composed the Sanhedrin. This twofold use of the word (like the corresponding twofold use of ‘elder’) affords a strong confirmation of the view, which is otherwise most probable, that the presbytery of the Christian Church finds its roots in the eldership of the Jewish ecclesia . the Letters of Ignatius, passim ), corresponding not to the modern presbytery of the Presbyterian Churches, which is a district court composed of ministers and elders drawn from a number of separate congregations, but to the kirk-session or body of elders by which in those churches a single congregation is ruled. The presbyters or elders, otherwise known as bishops (see art. 1 Timothy 5:17 , ‘Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially those who labour in the word and in teaching’), to a position of predominance, and was now known as the ‘bishop’ par excellence , in distinction from the other presbyters (cf. in the Presbyterian and Congregational Churches the precedence of the minister over the elders and deacons respectively, although, properly speaking, a ‘minister’ is simply a diakonos or deacon)
Elder - We find the "eldest servant" of Abraham's house "ruling over all that he had," Genesis 24:2; we have also mention of "the elders of Joseph's house," and the "elders of the land of Egypt," Genesis 50:7, obviously indicating the chiefs of Joseph's establishment, and high Egyptian officers. Moses was desired to convey the divine message to "the elders of Israel," Exodus 3:16; and they were both to accompany him when he demanded freedom from Pharaoh, and also to be the means of communication between Moses and the mass of the people. We are not told who these elders were, probably the leading persons in each tribe. Accordingly 70 out of the general class of elders were chosen, approved men; and on these the divine Spirit was especially poured. There were "elders" of neighboring nations, synonymous with "princes," as of Moab and Midian, Numbers 22:7; Numbers 22:13, and of the Hivites. Those who locally administered justice are said to have been termed "elders of the gate," Proverbs 31:23; Lamentations 5:14; because that was the place where a court was often held. elders are mentioned in Maccabean times, apparently distinct from the Sanhedrin, 1 Maccabees 7:33; 1 Maccabees 12:6. " Officers of the Christian church are designated by elders, Acts 14:23; Acts 20:17; and regulations are given in regard to them, 1 Timothy 5:1; 1 Timothy 5:17; 1 Timothy 5:19; the Greek word for elder being presbuteros. In every congregation of believers, as gathered by the apostles, a number of elders were ordained. They were called elders, overseers, or bishops, Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 3:5; 1 Peter 5:1; 1 Peter 5:3; Hebrews 13:17, showing that their duties were similar. The injunction, "Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine," shows, that the office, as ruler and teacher, is united
Congregationalists - A denomination of Protestants who reject all church government, except that of a single congregation under the direction of one pastor, with their elders, assistants, or managers
Siphmoth - City in the south of Judah, to the elders of which David sent some of the spoil he had taken from the Amalekites
Elder; Aged - elders are also known as officers (shotrim), heads of the tribes, and judges; notice the parallel usage: “Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them; I am old and stricken in age …” (1 Kings 12:8). In a given city, the governing council was made up of the “elders,” who were charged with the well-being of the town: “And Samuel did that which the Lord spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably?” ( elders met in session by the city gate ( elders ( elders”)
Living Creatures - They are distinguished from angels (Revelation 15:7 ); they join the elders in the "new song" (5:8,9); they warn of danger from divine justice (Isaiah 6:3-5 ), and deliver the commission to those who execute it (Ezekiel 10:2,7 ); they associate with the elders in their sympathy with the hundred and forty-four thousand who sing the new song (Revelation 14:3 ), and with the Church in the overthrow of her enemies (19:4)
Pharisee - ) One of a sect or party among the Jews, noted for a strict and formal observance of rites and ceremonies and of the traditions of the elders, and whose pretensions to superior sanctity led them to separate themselves from the other Jews
Miletum, Miletus - It was here that Paul called for the elders of Ephesus (some thirty miles distant), and had his parting interview with them. By comparing the last named passage with Acts 20:4 ; Acts 21:29 it appears that Paul visited Miletus between his first and second imprisonments, but he may not have again seen the elders of Ephesus
Elder - Even in their Egyptian bondage they retained their national organization and government by elders, who represented the people (Exodus 3:16; Exodus 4:29; Joshua 24:1-2). After the settlement in Canaan they were named "elders of Israel" or "of the land" (1 Samuel 4:3; 1 Kings 20:7) or "of the tribes" (Deuteronomy 31:28) or "of the city," (Deuteronomy 19:12, compare Deuteronomy 16:18; Ruth 4:9; Ruth 4:11). Ecclesiastical elders or presbyters (from whence "priest" is contracted) of the Christian church were a class of church governors borrowed naturally from the synagogue; especially as cases occurred of whole synagogues and their officers embracing Christianity. The four and twenty elders (Revelation 4) represent the combined heads of the Old and New Testament congregations, the twelve patriarchs and twelve apostles; answering to the typical 24 courses of priests, "governors of the sanctuary and governors of God" (1 Chronicles 24:5; 1 Chronicles 25:31)
Savoy Confession - Of FAITH, a declaration of the faith and order of the Independents, agreed upon by their elders and messengers in their meeting at the Savoy in the year 1658
Lebonah - ” Town used to locate annual feast site by Israel's elders as they sought wives for decimated tribe of Benjamin (Judges 21:19 )
Asup'Pim, - Some understand it as the proper name of chambers on the south of the temple others of certain store-rooms, or of the council chambers in the outer court of the temple in which the elders held their celebrations
Congregation - Each house, family, and tribe had its head; these representative heads were "the elders" or "princes. "...
Moses selected 70 elders by God's appointment to share the burden of government with him (Numbers 11:16). In later times the Sanhedrin council (corresponding to Moses' seventy elders) represented the congregation
Bishop - The Greek word ἐπίσκοπος is once translated 'overseer,' Acts 20:28 , and this occurrence shows conclusively that the 'elders' and the 'bishops' were the same. Paul called for the elders of the church at Ephesus, Acts 20:17 , and called them 'overseers. ' The same thing is seen in the epistle to Titus: Paul left Titus in Crete to "ordain elders in every city . Titus was to ordain (literally 'to appoint') elders in every city. ...
elders were established to exercise godly care in the undivided local assembly — to 'shepherd' the flock. Such elders could only assume authority over a fragment of the church in a locality, and that with no apostolic sanction
Elder - In our earliest documents the ‘elders of Israel’ are the men of position and influence, who represent the community in both religious and civil affairs ( Exodus 3:16 ; Exodus 3:18 ; Exodus 12:11 ; Exodus 17:5 f. , Exodus 18:12 ; Exodus 19:7 , Numbers 11:16 , Deuteronomy 5:23 ; Deuteronomy 27:1 ; Deuteronomy 31:28 ): the ‘elders’ of Exodus 24:1 are the ‘nobles’ of Exodus 24:11 . After the settlement in Canaan the ‘elders’ still possessed much weight ( 1Sa 4:3 ; 1 Samuel 8:4 ; 1 Samuel 15:30 , 2Sa 3:17 ; 2 Samuel 5:3 ; 2 Samuel 17:14 f. And now we find ‘elders of the city’ the governing body of the town ( Ruth 4:2 ; Rth 4:9 , 1 Samuel 11:3 , 1 Kings 21:8 ; 1Ki 21:11 , 2 Kings 10:1 ; 2 Kings 10:5 ); the little town of Succoth boasted no fewer than seventy-seven ( Judges 8:14 ). During the Exile the ‘elders’ are the centre of the people’s life ( Jeremiah 29:1 , Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 , Ezra 5:9 ff; Ezra 6:7 ff
Twenty - 1: εἴκοσι (Strong's #1501 — Noun — eikosi — i'-kos-ee ) occurs in Luke 14:31 ; John 6:19 ; Acts 1:15 ; 27:28 ; 1 Corinthians 10:8 ; of the "four and twenty" elders, in Revelation 4:4 (twice),10; 5:8; 11:16; 19:4 (combined in one numeral with tessares, "four," in some mss
Senate - 1: γερουσία (Strong's #1087 — Noun Feminine — gerousia — gher-oo-see'-ah ) "a council of elders" (from geron, "an old man," a term which early assumed a political sense among the Greeks, the notion of age being merged in that of dignity), is used in Acts 5:21 , apparently epexegetically of the preceding word sunedrion, "council," the Sanhedrin
Congregationalists - a denomination of Protestants who reject all church government, except that of a single congregation under the direction of one pastor, with their elders, assistants, or managers
Clan - Each clan was governed by the heads of the families (elders)
Naboth - Jezebel, Ahab's wife, observing her husband's vexation on account of this refusal, wrote to the elders and nobles of the city where Naboth lived, telling them to proclaim a fast, to set Naboth in a prominent place, to get two sons of Belial to charge him with blaspheming God and the king, and then to stone him to death. The elders and nobles were mean and wicked enough to carry out her instructions, and sent word that Naboth was dead
Bishop - Of the order in which the first elders or bishops were appointed, as of the occasion which led to the institution of the office, we have no record. The duties of the bishop-elders appear to have been as follows:
General superintendence over the spiritual well-being of the flock
Jattir - It was one of the cities to whose elders David sent of the spoil from Ziklag ( 1 Samuel 30:27 )
Zalmunna - ) The term in Joshua 13:21 is "princes" (nesi' ); zekenim "sheikhs" in Numbers 22:4; Numbers 22:7 "elders," "kings" Numbers 31:8
Estimation - I shall have estimation among the multitude, and honor with the elders
Elder, Eldest - A — 1: πρεσβύτερος (Strong's #4245 — Adjective — presbuteros — pres-boo'-ter-os ) an adjective, the comparative degree of presbus, "an old man, an elder," is used (a) of age, whether of the "elder" of two persons, Luke 15:25 , or more, John 8:9 , "the eldest;" or of a person advanced in life, a senior, Acts 2:17 ; in Hebrews 11:2 , the "elders" are the forefathers in Israel; so in Matthew 15:2 ; Mark 7:3,5 ; the feminine of the adjective is used of "elder" women in the churches, 1 Timothy 5:2 , not in respect of position but in seniority of age; (b) of rank or positions of responsibility, (1) among Gentiles, as in the Sept. of Genesis 50:7 ; Numbers 22:7 ; (2) in the Jewish nation, firstly, those who were the heads or leaders of the tribes and families, as of the seventy who assisted Moses, Numbers 11:16 ; Deuteronomy 27:1 , and those assembled by Solomon; secondly, members of the Sanhedrin, consisting of the chief priests, "elders" and scribes, learned in Jewish law, e. The duty of "elders" is described by the verb episkopeo. 1 Timothy 3:1-7 ; 1 Peter 5:2 ; (4) the twenty-four "elders" enthroned in heaven around the throne of God, Revelation 4:4,10 ; 5:5-14 ; 7:11,13 ; 11:16 ; 14:3 ; 19:4 . ...
B — 1: πρεσβυτέριον (Strong's #4244 — Noun Neuter — presbuterion — pres-boo-ter'-ee-on ) "an assembly of aged men," denotes (a) the Council or Senate among the Jews, Luke 22:66 ; Acts 22:5 ; (b) the "elders" or bishops in a local church, 1 Timothy 4:14 , "the presbytery
Elder - The "elders of Israel" held a rank among the people indicative of authority. The body of the "elders" of Israel were the representatives of the people from the very first, and were recognized as such by Moses. All down through the history of the Jews we find mention made of the elders as exercising authority among the people. The Jewish eldership was transferred from the old dispensation to the new. " ...
The "elders" of the New Testament church were the "pastors" (Ephesians 4:11 ), "bishops or overseers" (Acts 20:28 ), "leaders" and "rulers" (Hebrews 13:7 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:12 ) of the flock
Miletus - On his voyage from Greece to Syria, Paul touched at this port, and delivered that noble and pathetic address to the elders ("presbyters," ver
Ordain - Paul ordained elders in every city, Acts 14:23 : χειροτονέω, 'to appoint by stretching out the hand:' this is translated 'chosen' in 2 Corinthians 8:19 . elders ordained, and high priests ordained, Titus 1:5 ; Hebrews 5:1 ; Hebrews 8:3 : καθίστημι, 'toplace, appoint. ' The meanings of the Greek words show that, though elders were appointed by the apostles and were called 'bishops,' there was no sacerdotal power conveyed thereby, nor was any authority to continue such appointments handeddown
Murder - When a dead body was found in the fields of a person slain by a murderer unknown, Moses commanded that the elders and judges of the neighbouring places should resort to the spot, Deuteronomy 21:1-8 . The elders of the city nearest to it were to take a heifer which had never yet borne the yoke, and were to lead it into some rude and uncultivated place, which had not been ploughed or sowed, where they were to cut its throat. The priests of the Lord, with the elders and magistrates of the city, were to come near the dead body, and, washing their hands over the heifer that had been slain, were to say, "Our hands have not shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it shed
Eldad - ” Along with Medad, he was one of seventy elders of Israel God selected to help Moses, but the two did not meet at the tabernacle with the others
Sanhedrin or Sanhedrim - The Jews trace its origin to the seventy elders chosen to assist Moses, Numbers 11:16,17 ; but nothing is said of such a council in the time of the kingdom; and it is probable that it was instituted in the time of the Maccabees. we find it consisted of the chief priests, or heads of the twenty-four courses, the elders, lawyers, and the scribes
Crete, Cretians - Paul left Titus at Crete to set things in order and ordain elders
Rashness - Prudence is actuated by a memory of past experiences, the consideration of actual circumstances, comparison of reasons pro and con, an ingenious foresight of possible consequences, and the advice of elders
Pastors - It refers to the elders of the church, who are to "feed (shepherd) the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof
Pastor - 17, indicates that this was the service committed to elders (overseers or bishops); so also in 1 Peter 5:1,2 , "tend the flock
Tob - ) Where Jephthah was expelled by his stepbrothers; here he gathered to him a band of freebooters; from Tob the elders of Gilead brought him to oppose Ammon
Abihu - With Aaron, Nadab, and the 70 elders, he accompanied Moses up Sinai to a limited distance (Exodus 24:1)
Jaazaniah - Stood as leader in the midst of the 70 ancients (elders) of Israel with censers in their hands, worshipping idols portrayed upon the wall of the court of Jehovah's house; seen by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 8:11). The elders incurred further guilt in usurping the priests' office by offering incense
Eldad - Whom God has loved, one of the seventy elders whom Moses appointed (Numbers 11:26,27 ) to administer justice among the people
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan, who appeared in Ezekiel’s vision as ringleader of seventy of the elders of Israel in the practice of secret idolatry at Jerusalem ( Ezekiel 8:11 )
Sire - ) A tittle of respect formerly used in speaking to elders and superiors, but now only in addressing a sovereign
el'Dad - (favored of God ) and Me'dad ( love ), two of the seventy elders to whom was communicated the prophetic power of Moses
Age, Old (the Aged) - The office of "elder" took on political connotations when it referred to David's chief servants (2 Samuel 12:17 ), as well as to the elders of Egypt, Moab, or Midian (Genesis 50:7 ; Numbers 22:7 ). During the time of Moses, "the elders of Israel" were an important group of leaders who accompanied him on his first meeting with Pharaoh (Exodus 3:18 ), served as intermediaries with the nation (Exodus 19:7 ), assisted Moses at the ratification of the Sinai covenant (Exodus 24:1 ), and assisted Moses in many other ways throughout his lifetime (Exodus 17:5 ; Numbers 11:16-17 ). The "elders" were apparently an unofficial political group that played an active role in public affairs. ...
Later in the New Testament period, the "elders" became the official religious leadership in the early church. Though the specific origins of eldership in the early church are uncertain, it seems clear that the office was based on the Old Testament and early Jewish custom of bestowing honor and respect to members of the community of advanced age. As the fledgling church began to grow, elders were appointed or ordained as overseers for each local congregation (Acts 14:23 ). ...
The officers known as "elders" in the early church are also sometimes called "bishops" ("overseers, " episkopos [ Acts 20:28 ), pastors (Ephesians 4:11 ), and leaders (Hebrews 13:7 ), who had authority over the flock of God (1 Thessalonians 5:12 ). elders were protected from malicious accusations, but if they persisted in sin, they were to be rebuked publicly as an example for all believers (1 Timothy 5:19-20 ). The Old Testament custom of honoring the aged with positions of favor politically and socially was continued in the New Testament practice of conferring leadership roles on the "elders
Judges - ...
Beside these superior judges, every city in the commonwealth had its elders, who formed a court of judicature, with a power of determining lesser matters in their respective districts. The rabbies say, there were three such elders or judges in each lesser city, and twenty-three in the greater. Sigonius supposes that these elders and judges of cities were the original constitution settled in the wilderness by Moses, upon the advice given him by Jethro, Exodus 18:21-22 , and continued by divine appointment after the settlement in the land of Canaan; whereas others imagine that the Jethronian prefectures were a peculiar constitution, suited to their condition while encamped in the wilderness, but laid aside after they came into Canaan. How far, and in what respects, these judges differed from the elders of the city, it is not easy to ascertain; and whether they were the same or different persons. Perhaps the title elders may denote their seniority and dignity; and that of judges, the office they sustained. These are called elders, and were seventy in number, Numbers 11:16-17 ; Numbers 11:24-25 . But it does not appear whether or not this consistory of seventy elders was a perpetual, or only a temporary, institution. Some have supposed that it was the same that afterward became famous under the appellation of sanhedrim; but others conceive the institution of the seventy elders to have been only temporary, for the assistance of Moses in the government, before the settlement in the land of Canaan; and that the sanhedrim was first set up in the time of the Maccabees
Church Government - The Apostles were founders of churches, and therefore regulated and supervised the first arrangements; then were added sundry local and unlocal rulers; then the unlocal died out, and the local settled down into the three permanent classes of bishops, elders, and deacons. We have (1) the appointment of the Seven at Jerusalem ( Acts 6:1-15 ); (2) elders at Jerusalem in the years 44, 50, 58 ( Acts 11:30 ; Acts 15:8 ; Acts 15:22 ; Acts 21:18 ), appointed by Paul and Barnabas in every church about 48 ( Acts 14:23 ), mentioned James 5:14 ; at Ephesus in 58 ( Acts 20:17 ), mentioned 1 Peter 5:1 ; (3) Phœhe a deaconess at Cenchreæ in 58 ( Romans 16:1 ), bishops and deacons at Philippi in 63 ( Philippians 1:1 ). Also in the Pastoral Epistles, Timothy at Ephesus about 66 is ( 1 Timothy 3:1-16 ; 1664061066_5 ) in charge of four orders: (1) bishops (or elders) ( 1 Timothy 5:1 ); (2) deacons; (3) deaconesses ( 1 Timothy 3:11 ) (‘women’
(2) elders . elders at Jerusalem receive the offerings in 44 from Saul and Barnabas. As Paul and Barnabas appoint elders in every city on their first missionary journey, and we find elders at Ephesus in 58, we may infer that the churches generally had elders, though there is no further certain mention of them till the Pastoral Epistles and 1Peter . ...
The difference of name between elders and bishops may point to some difference of origin or duties; but in NT (and in Clement of Rome) the terms are practically equivalent. Thus the elders of Ephesus are reminded (
Acts 20:28 ) that they are bishops. In the Pastoral Epistles, Timothy appoints ‘bishops and deacons’; Titus, ‘elders and deacons,’ though Timothy also ( 1 Timothy 5:17 ) has elders under him. The qualifications of the elder, as described to Titus, are practically those of the bishop as given to Timothy, and it is added ( Titus 1:7 ) that the elders must be such ‘because the bishop must be blameless,’ etc
Bishop - In apostolic times, it is quite manifest that there was no difference as to order between bishops and elders or presbyters (Acts 20:17-28 ; 1 Peter 5:1,2 ; Philippians 1:1 ; 1 Timothy 3 )
Ahikam - In Jehoiakim's subsequent reign Ahikam successfully pleaded for Jeremiah before the princes and elders, that he should not be given to the people to be put to death for his fearless warnings (Jeremiah 26:16-24)
Presbytery - ) A body of elders in the early Christian church
Sir - ) A respectful title, used in addressing a man, without being prefixed to his name; - used especially in speaking to elders or superiors; sometimes, also, used in the way of emphatic formality
Eldad - and Medad were appointed by Moses among the seventy elders of Israel who were to assist in the government
Bishop - Thus the same persons that are called επισκοποι , bishops are also called ωρεσβυτεροι , elders. In Titus 1:5 , it is said, "For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders" (Greek πρεσβυτερους ) "in every city;" and then it follows in Titus 1:7 , "For a bishop" (επισκοπον ) "must be blameless. " In like manner, the Apostle Peter, 1 Peter 5:1 : "The elders" (πρεσβυτερους ) "which are among you I exhort; feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof; επισκοπουντες , that is, discharging the office of bishops
Advertise - ...
I thought to advertise thee, saying buy it before the inhabitants and elders of my people
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan, and leader of the seventy elders who were seen in a vision by Ezekiel offering incense to idols
Abihu - He saw God with Moses, Aaron, his brother, and 70 elders (Exodus 24:1 )
Consultation - The chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes
Presbyter - ]'>[2] marginal alternative for ‘ elders ’ in Acts 20:17 ; the Gr
Government - The elders held a major source of authority during this period and later periods as well. The elders for a clan were probably the heads of the households that comprised the clan. For a tribe, the elders would have been all the household heads, or selected elders from each clan. Thus the elders were the leaders of the local community. The elders were representatives of the community as a whole in religious and military matters. The elders could conclude a covenant (2 Samuel 5:3 ) or treaty on behalf of the people. The elders regularly dispensed justice at the city gate (Deuteronomy 21:19 ). The elders continued to function well into the period of the monarchy as a governing body. Josiah gathered the elders of Judah and Jerusalem after finding the Book of the Law in the Temple, and they covenanted to keep that law (2 Kings 23:1-3 ). The elders still had a role after the Exile in administering Ezra's reforms (Ezra 10:8 ). The nation was divided into administrative districts with administrators who stood alongside the old system of elders. The elders continued to function as local leaders, but the royal officials were replaced by new imperial and military officials of the conquering power—first Assyria, then successively, Babylon, Persia, and Hellenistic and Roman states. Even the elders came to have an especially religious role as judicial officers. The elders belonged to a formal body, the Sanhedrin, as also did certain priests
Imposition of Hands - ...
[In the Methodist Episcopal Church, a bishop is constituted by the election of the general conference, and the laying on of the hands of three bishops, or at least of one bishop and two elders; unless it happen that, by death or otherwise, there be no bishop remaining in the church: in this case, the general conference is empowered to elect a bishop, and the elders, or any three of them appointed by the general conference for that purpose, to ordain him. An elder is constituted by the election of an annual conference, and the laying on of the hands of a bishop and of two or more elders
Jephte - When he was later appealed to by the elders of Galaad for help against the Ammonites, he consented to lead them and vowed that if he should be given the victory over Ammon he would sacrifice to the Lord whosoever should come forth from his house to meet him on his return
Flock - 1, is used in the NT only metaphorically, of a group of Christ's disciples, Luke 12:32 ; of local churches cared for by elders, Acts 20:28,29 ; 1 Peter 5:2,3
Miletus - )...
When Paul visited Miletus towards the end of his third missionary journey, he invited the elders of the church at Ephesus to come and meet him at Miletus
Succoth - The elders of the city were punished by Gideon for not helping him when he was faint in pursuing the Midianites
Ephesus - Paul visited Ephesus on his second tour, Acts 18:19-21; Apollos was instructed there by Aquila and Priscilla, Acts 18:24-26; Paul dwelt there three years, Acts 19:1-41; charged the elders of the church
Presbyterians - The title Presbyterian comes from the Greek word which signifies senior or elder, intimating that the government of the church in the New Testament was by presbyteries, that is, by association by presbyteries, that is, by association of ministers and ruling elders, possessed all of equal powers, without any superiority among them, either in office or order. This is apparent from Peter's exhortation to the elders or presbyters who were among the Jewish Christians. 'The elders (presbyters) which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, (acting as bishops thereof, ) not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; neither as being LORDS over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock, 1 Peter 5:2-3 . Hammond, who was a very learned divine, and a zealot for episcopacy, that the elders whom the apostle James desires (James 5:14 . ) the sick to call for, were of the highest permanent order of ecclesiastical officers; but it is self-evident that those elders cannot have been diocesan bishops, otherwise the sick must have been often without the reach of the remedy proposed to them. we read, that 'from Miletus Paul sent to Ephesus, and called the elders (presbyters) of the church. Hammond, indeed, imagines, that the elders whom Paul called to Miletus, were the bishops of Asia, and that he sent for them to Ephesus, because that city was the metropolis of this province. ...
But, were this opinion well founded, it is not conceivable that the sacred writer would have called them the elders of the church of Ephesus, but the elders of the church in general, or the elders of the churches in Asia. Besides, it is to be remembered, that the apostle was in such haste to be at Jerusalem, that the sacred historian measures his time by days; whereas it must have required several months to call together the bishops or elders of all the cities of Asia; and he might certainly have gone to meet them at Ephesus in less time than would be requisite for their meeting in that city, and proceeding thence to him at Miletus. It is to be observed, too, that the first epistle to Timothy, which alone was written to him during his residence at Ephesus, was of a date prior to Paul's meeting with the elders of that church at Miletus; for in the epistle he hopes to come to him shortly; whereas he tells the elders at Miletus that they should see his face no more. ...
The laymen who thus form an essential part of the ecclesiastical courts of Scotland are called ruling elders, and hold the same office, as well as the same name, with those brethren (Acts 15:1-41 :) who joined with the apostles and elders at Jerusalem in determining the important question concerning the necessity of imposing upon the Gentile converts the ritual observances of the law of Moses. These lay-elders Paul enjoined Timothy, ( 1 Timothy 5:17 . In the church of Scotland every parish has two or three of those lay-elders, who are grave and serious persons chosen from among the heads of families, of known orthodoxy, and steady adherence to the worship, discipline, and government of the church. Being solemnly engaged to use their utmost endeavours for the suppression of vice and the cherishing of piety and virtue, and to exercise discipline faithfully and diligently, the minister, in the presence of the congregation, sets them apart to their office by solemn prayer; and concludes the ceremony, which is sometimes called ordination, with exhorting both elders and people to their respective duties. The kirk session, which is the lowest ecclesiastical judicatory, consists of the minister and those elders of the congregation. The minister is ex officio moderator, but has no negative voice over the decision of the session; nor, indeed, has he a right to vote at all, unless when the voice of the elders are equal and opposite. ...
The deacons, whose proper office it is to take care of the poor, may be present in every session, and offer their counsel on all questions that come before it; but, except in what relates to the distribution of alms, they have no decisive vote with the minister and elders. ...
The fact, however, is, that in presbyters the only prerogatives which the pastors have over the ruling elders are, the power of ordination by imposition of hands, and the privilege of having the moderator chosen from their body. The highest authority in the church of Scotland is the general assembly, which consists of a certain number of ministers and ruling elders delegated from each presbytery, and of commissioners from the universities and royal boroughs. A presbytery in which there are fewer than twelve parishes sends to the general assembly two ministers and one ruling elder; if it contain between twelve and eighteen ministers, it sends three of these, and one ruling elder; if it contain between eighteen and twenty-four ministers, it sends four ministers, and two ruling elders; and of twenty-four ministers, when it contains so many, it sends five, with two ruling elders. The commissioners are chosen annually six weeks before the meeting of the assembly; and the ruling elders are often men of the first eminence in the kingdom for rank and talents
Presbyterians - The title Presbyterian comes from the Greek word which signifies senior or elder, intimating that the government of the church in the New Testament was by presbyteries, that is, by association by presbyteries, that is, by association of ministers and ruling elders, possessed all of equal powers, without any superiority among them, either in office or order. This is apparent from Peter's exhortation to the elders or presbyters who were among the Jewish Christians. 'The elders (presbyters) which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, (acting as bishops thereof, ) not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; neither as being LORDS over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock, 1 Peter 5:2-3 . Hammond, who was a very learned divine, and a zealot for episcopacy, that the elders whom the apostle James desires (James 5:14 . ) the sick to call for, were of the highest permanent order of ecclesiastical officers; but it is self-evident that those elders cannot have been diocesan bishops, otherwise the sick must have been often without the reach of the remedy proposed to them. we read, that 'from Miletus Paul sent to Ephesus, and called the elders (presbyters) of the church. Hammond, indeed, imagines, that the elders whom Paul called to Miletus, were the bishops of Asia, and that he sent for them to Ephesus, because that city was the metropolis of this province. ...
But, were this opinion well founded, it is not conceivable that the sacred writer would have called them the elders of the church of Ephesus, but the elders of the church in general, or the elders of the churches in Asia. Besides, it is to be remembered, that the apostle was in such haste to be at Jerusalem, that the sacred historian measures his time by days; whereas it must have required several months to call together the bishops or elders of all the cities of Asia; and he might certainly have gone to meet them at Ephesus in less time than would be requisite for their meeting in that city, and proceeding thence to him at Miletus. It is to be observed, too, that the first epistle to Timothy, which alone was written to him during his residence at Ephesus, was of a date prior to Paul's meeting with the elders of that church at Miletus; for in the epistle he hopes to come to him shortly; whereas he tells the elders at Miletus that they should see his face no more. ...
The laymen who thus form an essential part of the ecclesiastical courts of Scotland are called ruling elders, and hold the same office, as well as the same name, with those brethren (Acts 15:1-41 :) who joined with the apostles and elders at Jerusalem in determining the important question concerning the necessity of imposing upon the Gentile converts the ritual observances of the law of Moses. These lay-elders Paul enjoined Timothy, ( 1 Timothy 5:17 . In the church of Scotland every parish has two or three of those lay-elders, who are grave and serious persons chosen from among the heads of families, of known orthodoxy, and steady adherence to the worship, discipline, and government of the church. Being solemnly engaged to use their utmost endeavours for the suppression of vice and the cherishing of piety and virtue, and to exercise discipline faithfully and diligently, the minister, in the presence of the congregation, sets them apart to their office by solemn prayer; and concludes the ceremony, which is sometimes called ordination, with exhorting both elders and people to their respective duties. The kirk session, which is the lowest ecclesiastical judicatory, consists of the minister and those elders of the congregation. The minister is ex officio moderator, but has no negative voice over the decision of the session; nor, indeed, has he a right to vote at all, unless when the voice of the elders are equal and opposite. ...
The deacons, whose proper office it is to take care of the poor, may be present in every session, and offer their counsel on all questions that come before it; but, except in what relates to the distribution of alms, they have no decisive vote with the minister and elders. ...
The fact, however, is, that in presbyters the only prerogatives which the pastors have over the ruling elders are, the power of ordination by imposition of hands, and the privilege of having the moderator chosen from their body. The highest authority in the church of Scotland is the general assembly, which consists of a certain number of ministers and ruling elders delegated from each presbytery, and of commissioners from the universities and royal boroughs. A presbytery in which there are fewer than twelve parishes sends to the general assembly two ministers and one ruling elder; if it contain between twelve and eighteen ministers, it sends three of these, and one ruling elder; if it contain between eighteen and twenty-four ministers, it sends four ministers, and two ruling elders; and of twenty-four ministers, when it contains so many, it sends five, with two ruling elders. The commissioners are chosen annually six weeks before the meeting of the assembly; and the ruling elders are often men of the first eminence in the kingdom for rank and talents
Pastor - Peter’s charge to his ‘fellow-elders’ (1 Peter 5:2), and in St. Paul’s charge at Miletus to the elders of the Church at Ephesus (Acts 20:28)
Baptists - Some congregations of General Baptists admit three distinct orders of church officers: messengers or ministers, elders, and deacons. They require a plurality of elders in every church, administer the Lord's Supper, and make contributions for the poor every first day of the week. The prayers and exhortations of the brethren form a part of their church order, under the direction and control of the elders, to whom it exclusively belongs to preside in conducting the worship, to rule in cases of discipline, and to labour in the word and doctrine, in distinction from the brethren exhorting one another. The elders are all laymen, generally chosen from among the brethren; but, when circumstances require, are supported by their contributions
Methodist Protestant Church - A Protestant sect organized in Baltimore in 1830 as a result of a desire to develop sentiment in favor of "the right of the laity to an equal representation with the ministers in the lawmaking bodies of the church"; in accord with the Methodist Episcopal Church in matters of doctrine; in government, however, the Methodist Protestant Church had no bishops or presiding elders and no life officers of any kind
Crete - Here Paul subsequently left (Titus 1:5 ) "to ordain elders
Kirk Sessions - A consistory of the ministers, elders, and deacons of a parish form a kirk session
Crete - " Cretans were at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, Acts 2:11; Paul was shipwrecked near the island, and he left Titus there as the first pastor and superintendent, who was "to ordain elders in every city" of the island
Sanhedrin - ...
Under Ezra groups of elders and judges had been appointed to administer civil and religious law in Israel (Ezra 7:25-26; Ezra 10:14). (The number was probably based on the ancient arrangement by which Moses and seventy elders administered Israel; see Numbers 11:24. In New Testament times it consisted of scribes, elders, priests and other respected citizens, and included both Pharisees and Sadducees
Bishop - Those called "elders" (presbyters) are also termed "overseers" (bishops, Greek) as if the terms were interchangeable (Acts 20:17; Acts 20:28; Titus 1:5; Titus 1:7). "Elders" are first mentioned in the church in Judaea (Acts 11:30). ...
Paul and Barnabas transplanted the same Jewish government to the Gentile churches (Acts 14:23) by "ordaining elders in every church. " "Bishops" are first mentioned in Paul's address at Miletus (Acts 20:28), describing the duty of the elders, namely, to be faithful "overseers. " Then, during Paul's first imprisonment, in Philippians 1:1 "bishops" is the recognized term for "elders" Every Jewish synagogue had its council of "elders" (Luke 7:3) presided over by one of themselves, "the chief ruler of the synagogue. "...
The Jewish council was composed of the elders (the presbytery, Luke 22:66; Acts 22:5), and a presiding rabbi; so the Christian church was composed of elders and a president (Acts 15:19; Acts 15:23). Timothy as vicar apostolic heard accusations against elders, and deposed the guilty, and ordained presbyters and deacons (1 Timothy 5:19; Titus 3:10)
Estate - ’ In Acts 22:5 ‘all the estate of the elders’ (Gr
Silas - He and Judas, surnamed Barsabas, were chosen by the church there to accompany Paul and Barnabas on their return to Antioch from the council of the apostles and elders (Acts 15:22 ), as bearers of the decree adopted by the council
Assembly - A convocation, convention or council of ministers and ruling elders delegated from each presbytery as the General Assembly of Scotland or of the United States
Barabbas - Yet the Jews, led by the chief priests and elders, requested the release of this man rather than the release of the Lord Jesus
Aristion - Aristion , one of the "elders" from whom Papias professed to have derived traditional information (Eus
Tradition, - Or it may be from man, as was the tradition of the elders of Israel, which was strongly denounced by the Lord, and declared to be a subverting of the commandments of God
Perez - His descendants were in all probability the most numerous among the families of Judah; hence the blessing of the elders on Boaz; ‘Let thy house be like the house of Perez’ ( Ruth 4:12 )
Sina, Sinai - Moses and the elders went up into the mountain, and Moses there received the Ten Commandments written on two stones. Adjoining this is a precipitous granite rock called Jebel Musa (Ras Sufsafeh) which is so formed that the elders who accompanied Moses part of the way up, could remain there while Moses proceeded to the summit, which cannot be seen from the plain
General Association of the Presbyterian Church in - The ecclesiastical organization of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, as it was called, had "as its two principal factors the ministers as representatives of Christ and the ruling elders as the representatives of the people. The principal distinctive feature of their government was "the recognition of ruling elders as entitled to deliver the charge in the installation of a pastor and to serve as moderators of any of the higher courts
Jephthah - In their distress the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the land of Tob, to which he had fled when driven out wrongfully by his brothers from his father's inheritance (2), and the people made him their head and captain. The "elders of Gilead" in their extremity summoned him to their aid, and he at once undertook the conduct of the war against Ammon
Eldad - Two of the 70 elders to whom the Spirit was imparted, in order to share. It was "of the Spirit that was upon Moses" that "God gave unto the 70 elders. The 70 elders appointed by Jethro's advice at Sinai (Exodus 18) to help Moses in judging are distinct from the 70 here endowed with the Spirit to help hint as his executive court, to govern the rebellious people, and establish his authority, shaken by the people's murmurings against Jehovah and himself because of the want of flesh
Deacon - The deacons were, however, distinct from the elders (GNB: leaders) (Philippians 1:1; 1 Timothy 3:1; 1 Timothy 3:8; see ELDER). The church elders invite the church members to select those they think suitable, then the elders, after due consideration, make the appointment (Acts 6:3)
Senate - ) A body of elders appointed or elected from among the nobles of the nation, and having supreme legislative authority
Sapphire, - When Moses, and the elders, etc
Abel-Misraim - On this occasion the funeral procession was, at the command of Joseph, attended by "all the elders of Egypt, and all the servants of Pharaoh, and all his house, and the house of his brethren, chariots and horsemen, a very great company;" an affecting proof, as it has been remarked, of Joseph's simplicity and singleness of heart, which allowed him to give to the great men of Egypt, over whom he bore absolute rule, an opportunity of observing his own comparatively humble origin, by leading them in attendance upon his father's corpse to the valleys of Canaan, the modest cradle of his race, and to their simple burial places
Council - The first of these councils was that of the apostles and elders at Jerusalem, of which we have a detailed account in Acts 15
Hassideans - the righteous; and those who, over and above the laws, superadded the constitutions and traditions of the elders, and other rigorous observances; these latter were called the Chasidim, 1:e
Cathedral - the elders and priests, were called Presbyterium; at their head was the bishop, who held the place of chairman, Cathedralis or Cathedraticus; and the presbyters, who sat on either side, also called by the ancient fathers Assessores Episcoporum
Naboth - ’ Jezebel, Ahab’s wife, by using the royal authority with the elders of the city, had Naboth accused of treason and blasphemy, and stoned to death
Miletus - Paul called the elders of the church of Ephesus, to deliver his last charge to them, Acts 20:15 , &c
Unlearned - , "unlettered" (grammata, "letters:" grapho, "to write"), Acts 4:13 , is explained by Grimm-Thayer as meaning "unversed in the learning of the Jewish schools;" in the papyri, however, it occurs very frequently in a formula used by one who signs for another who cannot write, which suggests that the rulers, elders and scribes regarded the Apostles as "unlettered" (Moulton and Milligan)
Estate, State - ...
Notes: (1) In Acts 22:5 , presbuterion, "presbytery, a body of elders," is translated "estate of the elders," lit
Sanhedrim - This "council" is referred to simply as the "chief priests and elders of the people" (Matthew 26:3,47,57,59 ; 27:1,3,12,20 , etc. They were of three classes (1) the chief priests, or heads of the twenty-four priestly courses (1 Chronicles 24 ), (2) the scribes, and (3) the elders
Weaker One, Little One - 50:7-8: “And Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, and all the house of Joseph, and his brethren and his father’s house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen
Laying on - 1 and 10); (b) of the similar act by the elders of a church on occasions when a member of a church was set apart for a particular work, having given evidence of qualifications necessary for it, as in the case of Timothy, 1 Timothy 4:14 ; of the impartation of a spiritual gift through the laying on of the hands of the Apostle Paul, 2 Timothy 1:6 , RV, "laying" (AV, "putting"); cp. , with the peace offerings, Leviticus 3:2,8,13 ; 4:29,33 ; upon the priests in connection with the sin offering, Leviticus 4:4 ; 16:21 ; upon the elders, Leviticus 4:15 ; upon a ruler, Leviticus 4:24
Leadership - By the time of the exodus, tribal elders were on the scene. By the time of the judges and the monarchy there were elders of Israel who met for common decisions, such as the appointment of a king. There were elders in the individual towns (Judges 11:3-11 ; 1 Samuel 16:4 ; 30:26-31 ; 1 Kings 21:8,11 ). First 1664061066_4 indicates that the elders of Judah were comprised of the elders of the individual towns, though later Ezekiel speaks of "seventy elders of Israel" (8:11-12). The local elders were responsible for legal action at the city gate (Deuteronomy 22:15 ; 25:7 ; Ruth 4:1-11 ) in cases of murder (Deuteronomy 19:11-13 ; 21:1-9 ) and in cases dealing with family matters (21:18-21; 22:13-21; 25:5-10). ...
During the exile there were still elders in Judah (Ezekiel 8:11-12 ). In exile also there were elders heading up the community (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; 14:1 ; 20:1,3 ). The elders stood at the head of the people in the rebuilding of the temple and even in dealings with the Persian government (Exodus 4:29-3120 ; 6:7,8 , 14 ). The system of city elders is evidenced with Ezra resolved to excommunicate those who had married foreign wives (Ezra 10:8,14 ). By Nehemiah's time the elders are referred to as the nobility (Nehemiah 2:16 ; 4:14,19 ; 5:7 ; 7:5 ). Forty years later he was clearly called of God, and this time he returned to Egypt and first gained the support of the elders of Israel (1664061066_1 ). When problems arose they took the lead in their resolution, including the elders in the process. These leaders were referred to as presbuteroi [ Acts 20:28 ), yet in verse 17 they are called elders. ...
The elders are first mentioned in Acts 11:30 . Out beyond Jerusalem elders were appointed in the churches founded by Paul and Barnabas already on their first missionary journey (14:23; cf. In the early Jerusalem church the apostles yet carried out the functions that would be taken up by the overseers/elders, and accordingly the need for deacons became the first obvious vacancy in church community leadership
Consistory - Consistory is also used among the reformed for a council or assembly of ministers and elders to regulate their affairs, discipline, &c
Deacon - In Presbyterian churches, he is subordinate to the minister and elders, and has charge of certain duties connected with the communion service and the care of the poor
Sadducees - Though strict in regard to the written law of Moses, they repudiated the traditions of the elders, or what is called the oral law
Pillar - 1: στῦλος (Strong's #4769 — Noun Masculine — stulos — stoo'-los ) "a column supporting the weight of a building," is used (a) metaphorically, of those who bear responsibility in the churches, as of the elders in the church at Jerusalem, Galatians 2:9 ; of a local church as to its responsibility, in a collective capacity, to maintain the doctrines of the faith by teaching and practice, 1 Timothy 3:15 ; some would attach this and the next words to the statement in ver
Abihu - With his father and elder brother he accompanied the seventy elders part of the way up the mount with Moses (Exodus 24:1,9 )
Kiss - When Paul said farewell to the elders of Ephesus, they wept sore, and fell on his neck and kissed him
Naboth - She wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with the king's seal, and sent them to the elders of Jezreel, directing them to publish a fast, to place Naboth among the chief of the people, suborn against him two sons of Belial, or two false witnesses, who might depose, that Naboth had blasphemed God and the king
Gibeon - Its Canaanite inhabitants secured a treaty with Joshua and the elders of Israel by strategem, and were made hewers of wood for the sanctuary
Miletus - ...
The apostle Paul, on his voyage from Macedonia toward Jerusalem, spent a day or two here, and held an affecting interview with the Christian elders of Ephesus, who at his summons came nearly thirty miles from the north to meet him, Acts 20:15-38
Tal'Mud - The classical subject is the following in the Mishna on this wing: "Moses received the (oral) law from Sinai, and delivered it to Joshua, and Joshua to the elders, and the elders to the prophets and the prophets to the men of the Great Synagogue
Titus, Letter to - )...
Contents of the letter...
After a lengthy introduction (1:1-4), Paul reminds Titus of the need to appoint elders in the Cretan churches and of the personal qualities that should characterize those elders
Appoint - Four examples can be noted: (1) the consecration of Aaron and his sons ( Exodus 28-29 ); (2) the appointment of Levites as servants of God (Numbers 3-8 ); (3) the naming of seventy elders to assist Moses (Numbers 11,24-25 ); and (4) the commissioning of Moses' successor (Numbers 27 ). Most significant is the reference to Barnabas and Paul and their appointment of elders in every church after prayer and fasting (14:23). There remains a question in Acts 14:23 regarding who appointed the elders—the apostles or the congregation
Government - The heads of families combined form, in a somewhat more advanced stage, the ‘elders’ ( 1 Kings 4:21-28 ; Exodus 18:21 , Numbers 22:7 ); and sometimes, particularly in time of war, there is a single chief for the whole tribe. The elders become the ‘elders of the city’; Judges 8:6 ; Judges 8:14 ; Judges 8:18 mentions officials ( sârîm ) and elders of Succoth, i. In Judges 11:5 the elders of Gilead have power in an emergency to appoint a leader from outside. This must have lessened the power of the local elders , who no doubt had also to yield to the central court officials. ‘The elders of the city’ appear during this period as a local authority, sometimes respected and consulted ( 2 Samuel 19:11 , 1 Kings 20:7 , 2 Kings 23:1 ), sometimes the obedient agents of the king’s will ( 1 Kings 21:8 ; 1Ki 21:11 , 2 Kings 10:1 ; 2 Kings 10:5 ). the elders appear mainly as judicial authorities, but have the power of executing their decisions ( Deuteronomy 19:12 ; Deuteronomy 19:21 , Deuteronomy 22:15 etc. The elders are prominent during this period both in exile ( Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 ) and in Judah ( Ezra 5:9 ; Ezra 6:7 ; Ezra 10:8 , Nehemiah 2:16 ). The ‘elders’ develop into a gerousia or senate an aristocracy comprising the secular nobility and the priesthood ( 1Ma 12:6 ; 1Ma 14:20 ); it is not known when the name ‘Sanhedrin’ was first used
Timothy, the First Epistle to - The apostle naturally directs Timothy, the church president for the time being at Ephesus, and Titus at Crete, concerning "bishop-elders and deacons," in order to secure due administration of the church at a time when heresies were springing up and when he must soon depart this life. He shows the same anxiety in his address to the elders of the same city Ephesus earlier (Acts 20:21-30). Paul's directions are not as to their appointment then first, but as to the due ordination and moral qualifications of elders and deacons thenceforth, according as vacancies might occur. Timothy and Titus exercised the same power in ordaining elders in Ephesus and Crete as Paul had in the Gentile churches in general (2 Corinthians 11:28). The mention of Timothy's "youth" (1 Timothy 4:12) is not inconsistent with a late date; he was "young" not absolutely but as compared with "Paul the aged" (Philemon 1:9), and with some of the elders whom he had to superintend; probably 34 or 35, compare 1 Timothy 5:1. ...
As to Acts 20:25, "all" the Ephesian elders called to Miletus "never saw Paul's face" afterward; Paul "knew" this by inspiration; but this assertion of his is compatible with his visiting Ephesus again (1 Timothy 5:17-18; 2 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 4:20). Paul in his address to the Ephesian elders (1664061066_1) prophesies the rise of false teachers; in his epistle to the Ephesians from Rome at his first imprisonment he does not notice the Judaeo-Gnostic errors as yet; but in 1 Timothy he notices them as then actually prevailing. Coincidences occur between 1 Timothy 2:11-14 and 1 Corinthians 14:84 as to women being silent in church; 1 Timothy 1:3 and 1 Corinthians 9:8-10 as to ministers' maintenance, on the law's maxim not to muzzle the ox treading the grain; and 1 Timothy 5:19-20 and 2 Corinthians 13:1-4 as to charges against elders before witnesses
Orphans - Moreover, after placement, supervision is almost always necessary, both to prevent a helpless child being exploited by unscrupulous foster parents, and to interpret the child to inexperienced elders
Flock - In Paul's address to the elders of Ephesus he exhorts them to take heed unto all the flock: the wolves would not spare them
Wrought - The elders of that city shall take a heifer that hath not been wrought with
Judges - But the elders (chosen from the elders who headed Israel in seeking freedom, and from the officers, the reluctant instruments of Egyptian tyranny: Exodus 3:16; Exodus 5:6, etc. The higher order of judges were called "princes," the lower "elders" (Judges 8:14; Numbers 35:24-25; representing the Hebrew nasiy' , sar , nadiyb , nagid ; nasiy' expressing "high birth", nadiyb "princely qualities", nagid "prominent station", sar "active official authority). In Judges 8:14 the elders of Succoth are 77, i. ...
Two examples of forms of procedure occur: a civil case (Ruth 4:2), in which Boaz calls in ten elders to witness the redemption by him of the kinsman's right from the one whose claim was first, and whom he summoned to appear"in the gate," the usual place of judgment; and a criminal one (1 Kings 21:8-14), where the eiders and nobles judge, on the testimony of witnesses, in the presence of the people
Pastor - Others may be settled residents of particular localities, and most likely be elders in their local churches (Acts 20:28-32; Colossians 4:12-13). elders must have pastoring abilities (1 Peter 5:1-4) and teaching abilities (1 Timothy 3:2)
Laying on of Hands - When the church in Antioch sent out Paul and Barnabas as missionaries, the elders of the church laid their hands on them, symbolizing the church’s identification with the two men as their missionary representatives (Acts 13:3). Church leaders appointed missionaries, teachers, elders and deacons to their positions by the ceremonial laying on of hands (Acts 6:6; Acts 13:3; 1 Timothy 4:14; 1 Timothy 5:22; 2 Timothy 1:6)
Possession (2) - (Mark 7:4; Mark 7:8) when he is relating how ‘the Pharisees and all the Jews’ kept ‘the tradition of the elders. This he mentions to explain why the Pharisees and scribes came to ask Jesus, ‘Why walk thy disciples not according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands?’ thus giving Jesus occasion to apply to them the prophecy of Isaiah, ‘This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me,’ and otherwise exposing and rebuking their ‘hypocrisy
Church Government - ...
The first line of distinction is between the apostles and the other believers; and this line is continued as a distinction between rulers of any kind and those who are ruled-the Seven, elders, deacons, etc. Luke’s silence about elders in this connexion is the more remarkable, because distribution of the means of life was one of their functions (Acts 11:30). Congregations which consisted chiefly of Jewish Christians had ‘elders’ analogous to ‘elders’ among the Jews; and in the Gentile communities something similar would grow up, with or without the suggestion of the Apostle who founded the church. Luke calls them ‘the elders of the Church,’ but he does not report that St. Paul does not mention ‘elders. When official appointments began to be made, persons with this double qualification would be chosen, and they became ‘presbyters’ or ‘elders’ in the technical sense. Here for the first time ‘presbytery’ is used of a body of Christian elders. He and Barnabas appointed elders in every church (Acts 14:23). ‘Elders’ are borrowed from it. The ritual which Jewish and Christian elders regulate is similar-praise, reading of Scripture, exposition, and prayer
Ezekiel - He held a prominent place among the exiles, and was frequently consulted by the elders (8:1; 11:25; 14:1; 20:1)
Nadab - With Aaron and Abihu and 70 elders he had the privilege of nearer access to Jehovah at Sinai than the mass of the people, but not so near as Moses (Exodus 24:1)
Fade - 1); hence, "unfading," 1 Peter 5:4 , of the crown of glory promised to faithful elders
Bishop - Churchmen in general plead for the divine right; while the Dissenters suppose that the word no where signifies more than a pastor or presbyter; the very same persons being called bishops and elders, or prebyters, Acts 20:1-38 ; 1 Peter 5:1 ; 1 Peter 5:3
Miletus - 51) assembled and addressed the elders of Ephesus, 25 miles distant to the N
Succoth - "He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth" (Judges 8:13-16 )
Courses - ...
Twenty-four is a number seldom found in the scripture: there may therefore, as to number, be an allusion to the 24 courses of priests in the 24 elders seated on thrones in Revelation 4:4 , etc
Abner - Resenting bitterly the remonstrances of Ish-bosheth, he entered into negotiations with David ( 2 Samuel 3:8-12 ), and then, on David’s behalf, with the elders of Israel ( 2 Samuel 3:17 )
Bishop - Each congregation of Christians as gathered by the apostles, was organized into a church, having a number of elders, or bishops, ordained over it, Acts 15:23; Acts 20:17; Acts 20:28; Philippians 1:1; Titus 1:5; Titus 1:7, indicating that the office was the same
Bath-Kol - They pretend that God revealed them to their elders, not by prophecy, but by the daughter of the voice
Judges - A ‘judge’ was therefore originally a priest who pronounced oracles; then the elders of the people became judges. But at an early period the functions of the ‘judges,’ at any rate the more important of them, were exercised by a chief, chosen from among the elders probably on account of superior skill in warfare, an hereditary succession would, however, naturally tend to arise who was to all intents and purposes a king
Father - Still the parent was not to inflict death, but to bring the refractory child before the city elders in the gate or place of justice (Deuteronomy 21:18-21). "Fathers" mean elders (Acts 7:2; Acts 22:1)
Captivities of Judah - In Babylon the Jews had judges and elders, who governed them, and who decided matters in dispute juridically, according to their laws. Of this we see a proof in the story of Susanna, who was condemned by elders of her own nation
Multitude - , of disciples, Luke 19:37 ; Acts 4:32 ; 6:2,5 ; 15:30 ; of elders, priests, and scribes, Acts 23:7 ; of the Apostles and the elders of the Church in Jerusalem, Acts 15:12
Offices in the New Testament - Positions of leadership in the New Testament church including deacons , elders , pastors , apostles , bishops , and evangelists . The qualifications for bishops (elders) indicate that the office included a wide range of pastoral and administrative functions. elders should be mature Christians of good repute, with gifts for teaching and pastoral ministry (1 Timothy 3:1-7 ; Titus 1:6-9 ). In every passage in which elders and/or bishops are mentioned, they appear to be ministers settled in local churches. Sometimes reference to a distinct office may be intended ( 1 Corinthians 12:28 ), but in many cases teaching was apparently a function of the elders (1 Timothy 3:2 ), as well as the apostles and perhaps the prophets. Apparently the elders (bishops) and deacons were charged with pastoral functions
Bishop, Elder, Presbyter - Ignatius is the earliest writer known to us who clearly separates ‘bishop’ from ‘elder’; with him ‘bishop’ means the monarchical ruler of a local church, distinct from, and superior to, the ‘presbyters’ or ‘elders. Paul with certain elders (2 Timothy 1:6). ‘The presbytery,’ which in Luke 22:66 and Acts 22:5 means the body of elders in the Sanhedrin, here means a body of Christian elders. ...
There are three possibilities with regard to the origin of both bishops and elders, and what is true of one need not be true of the other. On the whole, it is probable that elders or presbyters were adopted from the synagogue, and that bishops arose spontaneously. By ‘elders’ (πρεσβύτεροι) may be meant either (1) seniors in age, or (2) people to be honoured for personal excellence, or (3) members of a council. Neither bishops, elders, nor deacons appear in the lists of ministers and ministerial gifts in 1 Corinthians 12:28-30, Romans 12:6-8, Ephesians 4:11
Wailing-Place, Jews' - Many of the elders, seated on the ground, with their backs against the wall, on the west side of the area, and with their faces turned toward the eternal house, read out of their well-thumbed Hebrew books passages from the prophetic writings, such as Isaiah 64:9-12 " (King's Recent Discoveries, etc
Steward, Stewardship - A — 1: οἰκονόμος (Strong's #3623 — Noun Masculine — oikonomos — oy-kon-om'-os ) primarily denoted "the manager of a household or estate" (oikos, "a house," nemo, "to arrange"), "a steward" (such were usually slaves or freedmen), Luke 12:42 ; 16:1,3,8 ; 1 Corinthians 4:2 ; Galatians 4:2 , RV (AV, "governors"); in Romans 16:23 , the "treasurer" (RV) of a city (see CHAMBERLAIN , Note); it is used metaphorically, in the wider sense, of a "steward" in general, (a) of preachers of the Gospel and teachers of the Word of God, 1 Corinthians 4:1 ; (b) of elders or bishops in churches, Titus 1:7 ; (c) of believers generally, 1 Peter 4:10
Barabbas - His artifice would probably have succeeded had not the malignant priests and elders incited the people to choose Barabbas
Guilds, Craft - To become a master, a journeyman was obliged to pass an examination before the elders of the guild
Titus - Paul afterwards left him at Crete to set things in order, and to ordain elders in every city
Assideanis - " They were a kind of religious society among the Jews, whose chief and distinguishing character was, to maintain the honour of the temple, and observe punctually the traditions of the elders
Justice - ...
( b ) The next stage was that in which justice was administered by the ‘elders’ of a clan or tribe (see Numbers 11:16 ). In Exodus 18:13-27 we have what purports to be the original institution of the administration of justice by the elders of clans, Moses himself acting in the capacity of a kind of court of appeal ( Exodus 18:26 ); it is, of course, quite possible that, so far as Israel was concerned, this account is historically true, but the institution must have been much older than the time of Moses, and in following Jethro’s guidance, Moses was probably only re-instituting a régime which had long existed among his nomad forefathers. It is a more developed form of tribal justice that we read of in Deuteronomy 21:18-21 ; here the father of a rebellious son, finding his authority set at nought, appeals to the ‘elders of the city’; in the case of being found guilty the death-sentence is pronounced against the son, and the sentence is carried out by representatives of the community. The passage is an important one, for it evidently contains echoes of very early usage, the mention of the mother may imply a distant reminiscence of the matriarchate; and the fact that the head of the family exercises his power recalls the earlier régime already referred to, while the present institution of the administration of justice by elders is also borne witness to. ...
( c ) In the monarchical period a further development takes place; the older system, whereby justice was administered by the elders of the cities, is indeed still seen to be in vogue (cf. 1 Kings 21:8-13 ); but two other powers had now arisen, and both tended to diminish the power and moral influence of the elders of the cities, so far as their judicial functions were concerned. It was otherwise when a stranger had to decide between two men of whom he knew nothing; he had no personal interest in them, nor would it have been his main endeavour to try to secure a lasting peace between the two, as had been the case in earlier days among the sheiks and city elders; the tie of kinship was absent. What must have contributed to this more than anything else was the fact that from early times such matters as seemed to the elders of the city to defy a satisfactory solution were, as we have already seen, submitted to the judgment of God; the intermediaries between God and men were the priests, who carried the matter into the Divine presence, received the Divine answer, and announced that answer to those who came for judgment (see Exodus 22:8-9 , and esp. ...
But in spite of the rise of these two new factors the king and the priesthood it must be borne in mind that the elders of the cities still continued to carry out their judicial functions. At the time of Ezra we find that the administration of justice by the elders of the city, which had continued throughout the period of the monarchy, is still in vogue (see Ezra 7:25 ; Ezra 10:14 ); they presided over the local courts in the smaller provincial towns
Assembly - 4:13 we find that the sin of the whole congregation of Israel can escape the notice of the “assembly” (the judges or elders who represent the congregation). It means “to gather” as a qâhal for conflict or war, for religious purposes, and for judgment: “Then Solomon assembled the elders [2] of Israel …” (1 Kings 8:1)
Sandals - We read, "If the man like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother will not perform the duty of a husband's brother; then shall his brother's wife come unto him, in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face; and shall say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house
Sanhedrin - Whilst some Jewish Doctors would trace back the Sanhedrin to the council of 70 elders instituted by Moses (Numbers 11), the earliest undisputed mention which we possess touching the council of elders of Jerusalem dates from the time of Antiochus the Great (223-187 B
Alleluia - So in the heavenly perfect liturgy (Revelation 19:1; Revelation 19:3-4; Revelation 19:6), the triumphant shout of the great multitude, the 24 elders, and four living creatures at the judgment on the whore
Aloes - ...
It probably is considered as part of those perfumes which we living saints may send up to Heaven as our praises to fill the golden vials in the hands of the four and twenty elders
Scribes - ...
In the New Testament the word is used in the sense in which it is applied to Ezra, and scribes are classed with the chief priests and the elders
Communication - Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought for David in times past to be king over you
Caraites - The name signifies Textualists, or Scripturists, and was originally given to the school of Shammai, (about thirty years or more before Christ,) because they rejected the traditions of the elders, as embraced by the school of Hillel and the Pharisees, and all the fanciful interpretations of the Cabbala
Deacon - The bishops were the "elders," the deacons the young active men, of the church
Throne - Hebrews 1:8 ; Revelation 3:21 (1st part); 22:3; His seat of authority in the Millennium, Matthew 19:28 (1st part); (c) by metonymy for angelic powers, Colossians 1:16 ; (d) of the Apostles in millennial authority, Matthew 19:28 (2nd part); Luke 22:30 ; (e) of the elders in the heavenly vision, Revelation 4:4 (2nd and 3rd parts), RV, "thrones" (AV, "seats"); so Revelation 11:16 ; (f) of David, Luke 1:32 ; Acts 2:30 ; (g) of Satan, Revelation 2:13 , RV, "throne" (AV, "seat"); (h) of "the beast," the final and federal head of the revived Roman Empire, Revelation 13:2 ; 16:10
Bishop - In addressing the elders of the church of Ephesus the Apostle Paul stated, “the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers (episcopous ), to feed the church of God” (Acts 20:28 ). ...
Paul, addressing the Ephesian “elders,” reminded them that the Holy Spirit made them “overseers” (episkopous ) “to feed (verb which is cognate to the noun “pastor”) the church of the Lord
Moravians - ...
The synods, which are generally held once in seven years, are called together by the elders who were in the former synod appointed to superintend the whole unity. In the first sitting a president is chosen, and these elders lay down their office; but they do not withdraw from the assembly; for they, together with all bishops, seniores civiles, or lay elders, and those ministers who have the general care or inspection of several congregations in one province, have seats in the synod without any particular election. Towards the conclusion of every synod a kind of executive board is chosen, and called The elders' Conference of the Unity. ...
At present it consists of thirteen elders, and is divided into four committees, or departments. No resolution, however, of any of these departments has the smallest force till it be laid before the assembly of the whole elders' Conference, and have the approbation of that body. The powers of the elders' Conference are, indeed, very extensive: besides the general care which it is commissioned by the synods to take of all the congregations and missions, it appoints, and removes every servant in the Unity, as circumstances may require; authorizes the bishops to ordain presbyters or deacons, and to consecrate other bishops; and, in a word, though it cannot abrogate any of the constitutions of the synod, or enact new ones itself, it is possessed of the supreme executive power over the whole body of the United Brethren. Besides this general Conference of elders, which superintends the affairs of the whole Unity, there is another Conference of elders belonging to each congregation, which directs its affairs, and to which the bishops and all other ministers, as well as the lay members of the congregation are subject. This body, which is called the elders' Conference of the Congregations, consists, ...
1. As the elders' Conference of each Congregation is answerable for its proceedings to the elders' Conference of the Unity, visitations from the latter to the former are held from time to time, that the affairs of each congregation, and the conduct of its immediate governors, may be intimately known to the supreme executive government of the whole church. In their opinion, episcopal consecration does not confer any power to preside over one or more congregations; and a bishop can discharge no office but by the appointment of a synod, or of the elders' Conference of the Unity. ...
They have likewise seniores civiles, or lay elders, in contradistinction to spiritual elders, or bishops, who are appointed to watch over the constitution and discipline of the Unity of the Brethren, over the observance of the laws of the country in which congregations or missions are established, and over the privileges granted to the Brethren by the governments under which they live. Their children are educated with peculiar care; their subjection to their superiors and elders is singular, and, appears particularly striking in their missions and marriages. Sometimes a sister, by express licence from the elders' Conference, is permitted to marry a person of approved piety in another communion, yet still to join in their church ordinances as before. But they have no power to begin new missions, or to send out missionaries, which, by the synods of the Brethren's church, is vested solely in the elders' Conference of the Unity
Ordination - ...
Paul and Barnabas are said to ordain elders in every church (Acts 14:1-28 ; Acts 15:1-41 ; Acts 16:1-40 ; Acts 17:1-34 ; Acts 18:1-28 ; Acts 19:1-41 ; Acts 20:1-38 ; Acts 21:1-40 ; Acts 22:1-30 ; Acts 23:1-35 ; Acts 24:1-27 ; Acts 25:1-27 ; Acts 26:1-32 ; Acts 27:1-44 ; Acts 28:1-23 . ) or to choose them; that is, they gave orders and directions to every church as to the choice of elders over them: for sometimes persons are said to do that which they give orders and directions for doing; as Moses and Solomon, with respect to building the tabernacle and temple, though done by others; and Moses particularly is said to choose the judges, Exodus 18:25 . But ordinary officers, as elders and pastors of churches, were chosen and ordained by the votes of the people, expressed by stretching out their hands; thus it is said of the apostles, Acts 14:23 . ...
When they had ordained them elders in every church, by taking the suffrages and votes of the members of the churches, shown by the stretching out of their hands, as the word signifies; and which they directed them to, and upon it declared the elders duly elected and ordained. There is scarcely a simple ecclesiastical writer that does not expressly mention ordination as the work of the elders, and as being regarded as a distinct thing from the choice of the people, and subsequent to it. elders and bishops were ordained in every church, not without any church. prophets, teachers, elders, or a presbytery, as in Acts 13:1
Alliance - Joshua and the elders of Israel entered into an alliance with the Gibeonites (Joshua 9:3-27 )
Hook - Might not the "thorns" be the instrument of chastising him, just as it was that used by Gideon upon the elders of Succoth (Judges 8:7; Judges 8:16)? In Ezekiel 40:43 the "hooks" are "fastened" in the walls to hang the meat from for roasting, or else to hang up animals to flay them
Beard - The regular Hebrew word for “beard” (zaqan ) also means “old” and was applied to men (Judges 19:16 ), slaves (Genesis 24:2 ), women (Zechariah 8:4 ), and elders (Exodus 19:7 )
Jethro - " He also took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron and all the elders of Israel came to eat bread with him before God
Lime - The use of it was for plaster or cement, the first mention of which is in Deuteronomy 27, where Moses directed the elders of the people, saying, "Keep all the commandments which I command you this day
Censer - ...
In the New Testament, where the twenty-four elders are said to have golden "vials" full of odors, Revelation 5:8 , the meaning is vessels of incense, censers, not vials in the present sense of the word
Jethro - Jethro of Midian (Abraham's descendant) celebrated a sacrificial meal with Aaron and Israel's elders; the representative firstfruits of the pagan who would afterward enter into fellowship with God and His people; as Amalek, another descendant of Abraham, represents on the contrary the pagan world hostile to the Lord and His people
Ebal - The priests, with the ark, and Joshua at the head of the elders of Israel, took their station in the middle of the valley which lies between the two mountains. The Levites ranged themselves in a circle about the ark; and the elders, with the people, placed themselves at the foot of the mountain, six tribes on a side
Gibeon - the capital city of the Gibeonites, who took advantage of the oaths of Joshua, and of the elders of Israel, procured by an artful representation of their belonging to a very remote country, Joshua 9. Joshua and the elders had not the precaution to consult God on this affair, but inconsiderately made a league with these people
Sadducees - There were many Sadducees among the "elders" of the Sanhedrin
Throne - The passages in Revelation 4:4 ; Revelation 11:16 represent the twenty-four elders in heaven — the redeemed — as sitting on thrones around the throne, in contrast to others who are before the throne
Abihu - Abihu and Nadab, sons of Aaron, with seventy of the elders of Israel, were invited to ascend with Moses, where they saw God and did eat and drink, Exodus 24:1,9-11
Judges - Some have thought that the Sanhedrim, which was a council consisting of seventy elders, always presided beside those judges, and regularly continued from the time of the Lord's appointment (see Numbers 11:16-17) until the days of the Lord Jesus Christ
Jephthah - Jephthah accepted only after the tribal elders had agreed to his conditions, which were that after he had defeated the enemy, he would remain their leader and rule them as a civil governor (Judges 11:4-10)
Sanhedrin - ...
According to Jewish tradition, the Sanhedrin began with the 70 elders appointed by Moses in Numbers 11:16 and was reorganized by Ezra after the Exile. The chief priests and elders were part of a plot to have Paul assassinated as he was led to another hearing before the council (Acts 23:13-15 ,Acts 23:13-15,23:20 )
San'Hedrin -
The origin of this assembly is traced in the Mishna to the seventy elders whom Moses was directed, ( Numbers 11:16,17 ) to associate with him in the government of the Israelites; but this tribunal was probably temporary, and did not continue to exist after the Israelites had entered Palestine. From the few incidental notices in the New Testament, we gather that it consisted of chief priests, or the heads of the twenty-four classes into which the priests were divided, elders, men of age and experience, and scribes, lawyers, or those learned in the Jewish law
Rephidim - Wady es Sheykh , "the valley of the chiefs," may allude to the elders appointed at Jethro's suggestion to be rulers and judges under Moses (Exodus 18:21-26). ) Moses struck the rock in Horeb at some point not in the people's sight, therefore not near the summit, but in the presence of selected witnesses, the elders (Exodus 17:5-6)
Titus, Epistle to - ...
After the introductory salutation in which the counsels of God are referred to, and the acknowledging of truth which is according to piety, Paul states for what purpose he had left Titus at Crete: 1, to set in order things that were still left incomplete; and 2, to establish elders in every city, which elders are in Titus 1:7 called 'bishops,' or overseers
Titus, Epistle to - We read of several cities having congregations in need of supervision (Titus 1:5 ), and of elders to be chosen from among those who were fathers of ‘believing’ ( i. ...
The ecclesiastical organization, entrusted to Titus for establishment, is of the simplest kind, merely the ordination of elders (Titus 1:5 ; spoken of as ‘bishops’ v. The appointment of presbyters was left entirely in the hands of Titus; but while this was so, it is evident that it would he necessary for him to consult the congregations over whom the elders were to be appointed, for he is charged to select only those whose reputation should be ‘blameless’ in the eyes of their fellow-Christians
Prevail - ...
3: ὠφελέω (Strong's #5623 — Verb — opheleo — o-fel-eh'-o ) "to benefit, do good, profit," is translated "prevailed" in Matthew 27:24 , RV (AV, "could prevail"), of the conclusion formed by Pilate concerning the determination of the chief priests, elders and people
Congregation - The elders, who were summonded by the sound of one trumpet (Numbers 10:4 ), represented on various occasions the whole congregation (Exodus 3:16 ; 12:21 ; 17:5 ; 24:1 )
Governments - It is possible that they afterwards developed into a class of officials as ‘elders’ or ‘bishops,’ but that stage had not been reached when 1 Cor
Jews - Scrupulous about all the practices sanctioned by the elders,—washing of hands, of cups and pots and brazen vessels, Sabbath observance, etc
Age, Old - The rulers under Moses required age as a qualification; hence they and those of the New Testament church are called elders (presbyters), until the word became a term of office, and not necessarily of age
Gerizim - Here Jotham spoke his parable to the elders of Shechem ( Judges 9:7 )
Minister - Lightfoot says, Baal Aruch expounds the chazan, or minister of the congregation, by sheliach hatzibbor, or angel of the congregation; and from this common platform and constitution of the synagogue, we may observe the Apostle's expression of some elders ruling and labouring in word and doctrine, others in the general affairs of the synagogue
Gemara - The Jews believe that the gemara contains nothing but the word of God, preserved in the tradition of the elders, and transmitted, without alteration, from Moses to rabbi Judah, the holy, and the other compilers of the Talmud; who did not reduce it to writing till they were afraid it would be corrupted by the several transmigrations and persecutions to which their nation was subjected
Ezekiel - He was esteemed by his companions in exile, and their elders consulted him on all occasions
Synagogue - Where a fuller organization was possible, there was a college of elders, ( Luke 7:3 ) presided over by one who was "the chief of the synagogue. From the synagogue, lastly, come many less conspicuous practices, which meet us in the liturgical life of the first three centuries: Ablution, entire or partial, before entering the place of meeting, (John 13:1-15 ; Hebrews 10:22 ) standing, and not kneeling, as the attitude of prayer, (Luke 18:11 ) the arms stretched out; the face turned toward the Kibleh of the east; the responsive amen of the congregation to the prayers and benedictions of the elders. The elders of the church were not however to descend to the trivial disputes of daily life. For the elders, as for those of the synagogue, were reserved the graver offences against religion and morals
Refuge, Cities of - The fugitive had to justify his claim to protection by showing to the elders of the city whither he had fled his innocence of murderous motives. Any one who failed to convince them of the validity of his defence was handed over to the elders of his own city, and they in turn surrendered him to the avenger of blood. ...
(3) In post-exilic times the cities of refuge established under the Deuteronomic Code remained, and the judicial procedure followed was very much the same, only the community presumably at Jerusalem and not the elders of the city of refuge (Numbers 35:12 ; Numbers 35:24-25 ) was to determine the guilt or the innocence of the fugitive. Joshua 20:4 , however, contemplates a provisional inquiry by the elders of the city before protection is granted
Reproof - We should not be forward in reproving our elders or superiors, but rather to remonstrate and supplicate for redress
Crete - ...
Paul visited Crete between his first and second imprisonment at Rome, and left Titus to "set in order the things wanting, and to ordain elders in every city" (Titus 1:5)
Ablution - For example, the elders of the nearest village where some murder was committed were required, when the murderer was unknown, to wash their hands over the expiatory heifer which was beheaded, and in doing so to say, "Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it" (Deuteronomy 21:1-9 )
Crown - It is applied to the Son of Man and to others, Revelation 6:2 ; Revelation 14:14 ; and to the twenty-four elders in heaven, who cast their crowns before the throne, Revelation 4:4,10 ; also to the perishable crown won by the victors in the ancient contests, and to the imperishable crown of the Christian
Consider - The apostles and elders come together to consider of this matter
Apostolic Council - The meeting in Jerusalem at which the apostles and elders of Jerusalem defended the right of Paul and Barnabas to preach the gospel to the Gentiles without forcing converts to obey the Jewish law (Acts 15:1 )
Deuteronomy - The third part of Deuteronomy 27:1 to Deuteronomy 30:20, opens with the joint command of Moses and the elders to keep all the commandments, and, when they had crossed the Jordan, to write them upon the great plastered stones they were ordered to set up with appropriate ceremonies
Ephesus - It was favored with one of the best of Paul's epistles; its elders held an interview with him at Miletus, before he saw Rome, and he is supposed to have visited them after his first imprisonment
Council, Councillor - , Matthew 10:17 ; Mark 13:9 ; John 11:47 , in particular, it denoted (b) "the Sanhedrin," the Great Council at Jerusalem, consisting of 71 members, namely, prominent members of the families of the high priest, elders and scribes
Ambassage - ...
The term πρεσβεία (from πρέσβυς, ‘old’) belongs to classical Greek, and it contains an expression of the rule that responsible duties of statecraft are naturally entrusted to approved elders and heads of families. Luke’s apparent preference of ‘presbyter’ to ‘bishop’ (Acts 20:17), and his repeated use of presbyterion for the body of Jewish elders (Luke 22:60, Acts 4:5; Acts 22:5)
Miletus - But when the coaster in which he was sailing, and whose movements he naturally could not control, came to Miletus, he unexpectedly found that he would be detained there for some days, and it occurred to him that in the interval he might send a messenger to Ephesus-30 miles distant in a straight line, and somewhat further by boat and road-and summon its elders to meet him. The elders would travel south next day to Priene or Pyrrha, and get the northerly wind to take them over the bay to Miletus on the following morning. The Apostle’s address to the elders, with its lofty ideal of pastoral duty, reads ‘as an unconscious manifesto of the essence of the life and ministry of the most influential exponent of Christianity’ (J
Sanhedrim - Many of the learned agree, that it was instituted by Moses, Numbers 11; and consisted at first of seventy elders, who judged finally of all causes and affairs; and that they subsisted, without intermission, from Moses to Ezra, Deuteronomy 27:1 ; Deuteronomy 31:9 ; Joshua 24:1 ; Joshua 24:31 ; Judges 2:7 ; 2 Chronicles 19:8 ; Ezekiel 8:11 . Others will have it, that the council of seventy elders, established by Moses, was temporary, and did not hold after his death; adding, that we find no sign of any such perpetual and infallible tribunal throughout the whole Old Testament; and that the sanhedrim was first set up in the time when the Maccabees, or Asmoneans, took upon themselves the administration of the government under the title of high priests, and afterward of kings, that is, after the persecution of Antiochus. The president of this assembly was called nasi, or prince; his deputy was called abbethdin, father of the house of judgment; and the sub-deputy was called chacan, the wise: the rest were denominated tzekanim, elders or senators. Upon the whole, it may be observed, that the origin of the sanhedrim has not been satisfactorily ascertained; and that the council of the seventy elders, established by Moses, was not what the Hebrews understood by the name of sanhedrim
Synagogue - the assembly of the elders" (Ezra 3:1). The elders often met and sat before the prophet, Ezekiel to hear Jehovah's word (Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 11:15-16; Ezekiel 14:1; Ezekiel 20:1); in Ezekiel 33:31 the people also sit before him to hear. In the synagogue a college of elders was presided over by the chief or ruler of the synagogue (Luke 7:3; Luke 8:41; Luke 8:49). ...
The elders were called parnasiym , "pastors," "shepherds" (Ephesians 4:11; 1 Peter 5:1), ruling over the flock (1 Timothy 5:17; Hebrews 13:7); they with the ruler managed the affairs of the synagogue and had the power of excommunication. ...
The Great Synagogue (Mark 7:3 "the elders"; Matthew 5:21-27; Matthew 5:33, "they of old time") is represented in the rabbinical book, Ρirke Αboth ("The Sayings of the [1] Fathers"), of the second century A
Adoration - Demanded by Nebuchadnezzar in honour of his image, Daniel 3:5 ; requested by Satan, at the temptation of our Lord, Matthew 4:9 ; paid to the Lord when an infant by the wise men, and often in the Gospels, Matthew 2:11 ; Mark 5:33 ; Luke 5:8 ; John 11:32 ; and in heaven by the elders to God and the Lord Jesus, Revelation 4:10 ; Revelation 5:8,14 ; Revelation 19:4
Flock - More particularly, it speaks of Israel as subjects of earthly kings (Jeremiah 13:20 ; 25:34-36 ; Ezekiel 34:2-3 ) or of the elders of the church (Acts 20:28 ; 1 Peter 5:3 ), who are held accountable for their leadership
Miletus - He stayed long enough to send for the elders of Ephesus, and give them the farewell charge recorded in Acts 20:1-38
Age, Aged, Old Age - The experience of the older men fitted them for positions of trust and authority; hence by a natural transition of thought ‘elders’ became an official title Exodus 3:16 , Acts 11:30 )
Congregation - Paul’s address to the elders of Miletus (Acts 20:17) we see the old Jewish συναγωγή in the process of passing into the more distinctively Christian ἑκκλησία
Ordain - ...
6: κρίνω (Strong's #2919 — Verb — krino — kree'-no ) "to divide, separate, decide, judge," is translated "ordained" in Acts 16:4 , of the decrees by the Apostles and elders in Jerusalem
Commend, Commendation - " In the sense of commending, it is said (a) of the Lord Jesus in "commending" His spirit into the Father's hands, Luke 23:46 ; (b) of "commending" disciples to God, Acts 14:23 ; (c) of "commending" elders to God, Acts 20:32
Abel - He is also one of the faithful "elders" mentioned in the epistle to the Hebrews, Synagogue - The "elders" of the synagogue preserved order in the assembly, Luke 7:3; Mark 5:22; Acts 13:15, and appear also to have constituted the lowest tribunal, which took cognizance mainly of religious matters, and sometimes inflicted the punishment
Scribe - ...
Their influence was of course great; many of them were members of the Sanhedrin, and we often find them mentioned in connection with the elders and chief priests, Matthew 5:20 7:29 12:38 20:18 21:15
Jephthah And His Daughter - The iron had entered Jephthah's soul while yet he lay in his mother's womb; and both his father and his brothers and the elders of Israel helped forward Jephthah's affliction, till the Lord rose up for Jephthah and said, It is enough; took the iron out of His servant's soul, and poured oil and wine into the lifelong wound. And then he hurled them like a stone cut out of the mountain against the enemies of the King of Tob; till the elders of Israel in their absolute despair were compelled to approach and to beseech Jephthah to come down from his fastness and rid them of their enemies also. ...
It was a bitter pill to those elders of Israel. Jephthah would have been more than a mere man, as, indeed, he sometimes was, if he had not reminded those elders of the old days. And he was very glad when he got all those elders of Israel safely out of Tob and back again within the borders of their own land. ...
Along with Jephthah we have Jephthah's father, and his mother, and his brothers, and the elders of Israel, and the King of Ammon, and Jephthah's daughter, and the daughters of Israel-but we have not one word about Jephthah's wife. Those terrified elders owed their life that day to her. Moses had laid down a law that Jephthah was never to get a wife out of any family in Israel, nor was he ever to be let worship God in the same house with the virtuous elders of Israel. And many of the sons of the elders of Israel ate the fat and drank the sweet at Jephthah's orphaned table, because of what Jephthah had read long ago on the Lord's wall at Mizpeh
Titus, Epistle to - Instructions Concerning elders and False Teachers (2 Timothy 1:5-16 )...
III. His first duty was to appoint elders
Mennonites - They have a Mennonite college at Amsterdam, and the ministers are chosen in some places by the congregation, and in others by the elders only. They train up catechumens under their ministers, and, about the age of sixteen, baptize them, taking from the candidate, before the minister and elders, an account of his repentance and faith
Tradition - As late as the Christian era, the traditional Law was known as מִצְוית זְקִנִים, the ‘command of the elders’ (cf. the NT παράδοσις τῶν πρεσβυτέρων, ‘tradition of the elders’), and a distinct prejudice operated against any part of its contents being reduced to writing. Thus the idea grew up that the traditional Law also was given to Moses on Sinai, and was delivered by him to Joshua, and by him to the elders, and by them to the prophets, and by them to the men of the Great Synagogue, and thence to the present generation (Pirḳe Aboth, i
Wages - Malachi 1:10 ) and the advice of elders (Ezra 4:5 ; 1 Timothy 5:17-18 ) were obtained for gold or silver at fees to match their abilities
Gate - When Boaz wanted the question settled respecting Ruth and the inheritance, he went up to the gate: the subject was debated with a nearer relative, then concluded, and witnessed by the elders
Inghamites - They do not consider a plurality of elders as necessary in a church to administer the Lord's Supper
Seceders - Against this, he and his friends protested; and being joined by many others, both ministers and elders, declaring their secession from the national church, they did, in 1736, constitute themselves into an ecclesiastical court, which they called the Associate Presbytery, and published a defence of their proceedings
Accompany - " In regard to the parting of Paul from the elders of Ephesus at Miletus, personal "accompaniment" is especially in view, perhaps not without the suggestion of assistance, Acts 20:38 , RV "brought him on his way;" "accompaniment" is also indicated in Acts 21:5 ; "they all with wives and children brought us on our way, till we were out of the city
Sanhedrin - 69, and is supposed to have originated after the second temple was built, during the cessation of the prophetic office, and in imitation of Moses' council of seventy elders, Numbers 11:16-24
Barnabas - 50, he and Paul were appointed delegates from the Syrian churches to consult the apostles and elders at Jerusalem respecting certain questions raised by Jewish zealots; and having obtained the judgment of the brethren at Jerusalem, they returned with it, accompanied by Silas and Barnabas
Respect - It expresses less than reverence and veneration, which regard elders and superiors whereas respect may regard juniors and inferiors
Deuteronomy - ...
In the third discourse, (27:1-30) 20 The elders of Israel are associated with Moses
Phil'ip the Evangelist - (Acts 21:8,9 ) He is visited by the prophets and elders of Jerusalem
Judges, Book of, - ...
To the death of Joshua and the surviving elders
Judge - These were men chosen from the elders of the people, and as the administration of Israel developed they became a clearly recognized official body in the nation (Numbers 11:14-17; Deuteronomy 16:18; Deuteronomy 21:2; Joshua 8:33)
Law, Ten Commandments, Torah - Law refers both to the revelation of the will of God in the Old Testament and to the later elaboration on the law referred to as the “traditions of the elders” in the New Testament (for example, Mark 7:5 ). This oral law is sometimes referred to as “the tradition of the elders” in the New Testament (compare Matthew 15:2 ; Mark 7:5 ; Galatians 1:14 ). He was critical of the law of one means “the tradition of the elders” or the oral laws that had grown up around the written Law. ...
On several occasions Jesus set His own teachings over against those of the elders (Matthew 5:21-6:48 )
Sandemanians - ...
They maintain a plurality of elders, pastors, or bishops, in each church; and the necessity of the presence of two elders in every act of discipline, and at the administration of the Lord's supper. In the choice of these elders, want of learning and engagement in trade are no sufficient objection, if qualified according to the instructions given to Timothy and Titus; but second marriages disqualify for the office; and they are ordained by prayer and fasting, imposition of hands, and giving the right hand of fellowship
Government - The first consisted of community elders who formed an "upper chamber, " while the second or "lower chamber" comprised the young men who would rally to the defense of the city when threatened by a neighboring state, or pursue aggressive action themselves against a potential enemy. The heads of families became rulers in the tribe, and these persons, known as elders, administered customary law, made treaties, and occasionally allied with other tribes in battle. ...
God's rule over Israel was that of a king who mediated his will on specific occasions through elders, military leaders such as Moses and Joshua, and the priestly hierarchy, which was responsible for maintaining the strict purity of religious rituals. ...
With the passing of strong leadership at the death of Joshua and the increasing influence of pagan Canaanite customs on Israelite life, the covenant fell into disrepute and the elders lost control of their communities. " The role of elders and nobles was recognized (1 Kings 21:8,11 ), the former discharging their duties as judges at the city gate and the latter acting as advisors to the royal court. Zerubbabel was one of these persons (Haggai 1:1,14 ), and ruled in Jerusalem (Ezra 5:9 ; 6:7 ) with the Jewish elders who had reconstructed the second temple. The gathering was presided over by a "ruler, " who also supervised the work of three governing "elders. At that time the Jews established a council of elders, which was accepted as the legal representative of Judaism. There were a few subsidiary sanhedrins in Judea that were directed by elders, but the final authority lay with the Jerusalem Sanhedrin
Crown - The twenty-four elders seated around God's throne were wearing “crowns of gold” (Matthew 4:4 ), and as they worshiped, they “cast their crowns before the throne” (Matthew 4:10 )
Burden - Another kind of burden is described in Numbers 11:11,17 , where Moses is bearing the burden of the people and the Lord tells him to gather the seventy elders so that "they will help you carry the burden of the people
Dominion - 1, "to exercise, or gain, dominion over, to lord it over," is used of (a) the "lordship" of gentile rulers, Matthew 20:25 , AV, "exercise dominion," RV, "lord it;" Mark 10:42 , AV, "exercise lordship," RV, "lord it;" (b) the power of demons over men, Acts 19:16 , AV, "overcame," RV, "mastered;" (c) of the evil of elders in "lording" it over the saints under their spiritual care, 1 Peter 5:3
Priests - Jethro, the priest of Midian, brought sacrifices to God and worshiped with Moses, Aaron, and the elders of Israel (Exodus 18:12 )
Watching - Paul to the elders at Miletus, in view of the apostasy that has taken place or may be repeated under the influence of ‘fierce wolves
Kiss - The term “kiss” in the New Testament is used of Judas (Mark 14:44-45 ), of the father to the prodigal as a sign of acceptance and reconciliation (Luke 15:20 ), of the Ephesian elders to Paul as a sign of gratitude (Acts 20:37 ), of the woman who kissed the feet of Jesus (Luke 7:38 ), and of the “holy kiss” (1 Thessalonians 5:26 ; 1 Corinthians 16:20 ; 2 Corinthians 13:12 ; Romans 16:16 )
Ahimaaz - Joab, knowing David's fondness for Absalom, had not wished Ahimaaz to go at all on that day, but youths will hardly believe their elders wiser than themselves
Gluttonous - The rebellious son is to be brought by his parents to the elders, to whom the parents are to say, ‘This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice, he is a riotous liver and a drunkard
Heaven - In the Revelation the four and twenty elders are seen in heaven sitting on 'thrones
Hands, Laying on of - The apostles also laid hands upon those that had been chosen to take charge of the poor, Acts 6:6 ; and it is probable that in the appointment of elders, hands were laid upon them
Lot, Lots - 25, AV, "part" (the RV follows those which have topos, "place"); Acts 8:21 ; it is also used like kleronomia, "an inheritance," in Acts 26:18 , of what God has in grace assigned to the sanctified; so Colossians 1:12 ; in 1 Peter 5:3 it is used of those the spiritual care of, and charge over, whom is assigned to elders, RV, "the charge allotted to you" (plural, lit
za'Dok - When Absalom was dead, Zadok and Abiathar were the persons who persuaded the elders of Judah to invite David to return
Persis - Elsewhere κοπιᾶν is employed to describe the Apostle’s missionary labours (1 Corinthians 15:10, Galatians 4:11, Philippians 2:16, Colossians 1:29), as well as the manual toil involved (1 Corinthians 4:12, Ephesians 4:28); also the work of the leaders of the Church at Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 5:12), of Christians like those who formed ‘the household of Stephanas’ (1 Corinthians 16:16), and of certain elders in 1 Timothy 5:17 ‘who labour in the word and in teaching
Transgress, Transgression - , "to go aside" (para), hence "to go beyond," is chiefly used metaphorically of "transgressing" the tradition of the elders, Matthew 15:2 ; the commandment of God, Matthew 15:3 ; in Acts 1:25 , of Judas, AV, "by transgression fell" (RV, "fell away"); in 2 John 1:9 some texts have this verb (AV, "transgresseth"), the best have proago (see GO , No
Laying on of Hands - Sins of the congregation were transferred by the elders (Leviticus 4:15 ) or the high priest (Leviticus 16:21 ) as the people's representatives. ...
In 1,2Timothy Paul wrote of Timothy's having been given a spiritual gift by prophecy with the laying on of the hands of the assembly of elders (1 Timothy 4:14 )
Laying on of Hands - Timothy received the ‘gracious gift’ which was in him with the laying on of the hands of a body of elders (see art. Of the manner in which deacons and elders or bishops were set apart to office no information is given in NT
Pen'Tateuch, the, - To briefly sum up the results of our inquiry --
The book of Genesis rests chiefly on documents much earlier than the time of Moses though it was probably brought to very nearly its, present shape either by Moses himself or by one of the elders who acted under him. It is probable that Joshua and the elders who were associated with him would provide for its formal arrangement, custody and transmission
Episcopalians - Paul, in his progress through Asia Minor, ordaining in every church elders, πρεσβυτερους ; the name properly expressive of age being transferred, after the practice of the Jews, as a mark of respect, to ecclesiastical rulers, Acts 14:23 . Over the persons to whom he thus conveyed the office of teaching, he exercised jurisdiction; for he sent to Ephesus, to the elders of the church to meet him at Miletus; and there, in a long discourse, gave them a solemn charge, Acts 20:17-35 ; and to Timothy and Titus he writes epistles in the style of a superior. In like manner he says to Titus, "For this cause left I thee in Crete that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee," Titus 1:5 . But there is also mention of the elders of the church, who, according to the Scripture representation of elders, must have discharged the ministerial office, but over whom the Apostle James presided. Upon the principles which have now been stated, it is understood, according to the episcopal form of government, that there is in the church a superior order of office-bearers, the successors of the Apostles, who possess in their own persons the right of ordination and jurisdiction, and who are called επισκοποι , as being the overseers not only of the people, but also of the clergy; and an inferior order of ministers, called presbyters, the literal translation of the word πρεσβυτεροι , which is rendered in our English Bibles elders, persons who receive from the ordination of the bishop, power to preach and to administer the sacraments, who are set over the people, but are themselves under the government of the bishop, and have no right to convey to others the sacred office, which he gives them authority to exercise under him
Helps - The Greek commentators are also mistaken in interpreting ‘helpings’ as meaning deacons, and ‘governings’ as meaning elders; such definite official distinctions had not yet arisen
Amalek, Amalekites - In the early days of David he attacked the Amalekites, 1 Samuel 27:8 ; and again when they burned Ziklag and carried away the women and children, including David's two wives, he recovered all, and sent of the spoil to the elders of Israel
Glory - Moses, with Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy elders of Israel, went up to Mount Sinai, and "saw the glory of the Lord
Tradition - Our Savior severely censured the adherents of such legendary follies in his own day, and reproached them with preferring the traditions of the elders to the law of God itself, and superstitiously adhering to vain observances while they neglected the most important duties, Matthew 15:1-20 Mark 7:1-13
John, Gospel of - (John 20:30,31 ) ...
Confirmation of the authority of the evangelist by additional historical facts, and by the testimony of the elders of the Church, ch
Tradition (2) - In the Talmud it was written that ‘Moses received the oral Law from Sinai and delivered it to Joshua, and Joshua delivered it to the elders, and the elders to the prophets, and the prophets to the men of the Great Peter, First, Theology of - ...
The church lives under the authority of Jesus Christ through his apostle (1:1) and the elders (5:1-4). The elders are responsible for the particular implementation of this letter, which they must do in an exemplary and honorable fashion. Younger men must submit to these elders, and all Christians must live in humility toward each other (5:5-7), especially before God, who gives honor at the appropriate time, when they will inherit the fullness of their salvation (1:4-5)
Appoint, Appointed - The RV translates it by "appoint" in Titus 1:5 , instead of "ordain," of the elders whom Titus was to "appoint" in every city in Crete. Cheirotoneo is said of "the appointment" of elders by apostolic missionaries in the various churches which they revisited, Acts 14:23 , RV, "had appointed," i. , by the recognition of those who had been manifesting themselves as gifted of God to discharge the functions of elders (see No
Paul as a Pastor - Paul had given three of the best years of his life to Ephesus, and it was only natural that he should take occasion to go over those three years and look at some of the lessons that those three years had left behind them, both for himself and for his successors in the eldership of Ephesus. No: the elders of Ephesus did not need to be reminded that Paul had not spent those three years serving and satisfying them. If Paul had both forgiven and forgotten those unfortunate misunderstandings and self-assertions that will come up among the very best ministers and elders, they had not forgiven or forgotten themselves for those days, or for their part in them. Yea, ye yourselves know that these hands-and as he held them up, the assembled elders saw a tongue of truth in every seam and scar that covered them-these hands have ministered to all my own necessities, and to them that were with me. He would never again either please or displease any of those elders, or any of their wives or children any more. With all humility of mind, says Paul to the assembled elders of Ephesus. But after I am like to drop with my work; and most of all with the arrears of it; Paul absolutely prostrates me, and tramples me to death, when he stands up among his elders and deacons and says: "I take you to record this day that I am pure from the blood of all men!" I do not find his rapture into the third heavens hard to be understood, nor his revelations and inspirations, nor his thorn in the flesh, nor any of his doctrines of Adam, or of Christ, or of election, or of justification or of sanctification, or of the final perseverance of the saints. But it absolutely passes my imagination how a horny-handed tent-maker, with twelve hours in his day, or make it eighteen, and with seven days in his week; a mortal man, and as yet an unglorified, and indeed, far from sanctified man, could look all his elders, and all their wives, and all their sons and daughters in the face, and could say those terrible words about their blood
King - Before the institution of the monarchy judicial functions were exercised by the heads of the various houses the elders. These elders were gradually replaced by officials appointed by the king ( 2 Chronicles 19:5-11 ), and the final appeal was to the king himself, who in Amos 2:3 is called ‘the judge. Although Saul was chosen by the people and David invited by the elders of Judah to be king, yet Saul himself regarded it as the natural thing that Jonathan should succeed him ( 1 Samuel 20:30 ff. Josiah bases his reform not on a new law, but on the newly found Book of the Law ( 2 Kings 23:1-3 ), to which he and the elders swear allegiance
Church - ...
In the context of this strong belief that every member has a ministry, certain persons were designated to fulfill specific tasks in relation to the functioning of the church such as apostles, bishops, elders, and deacons. ...
Bishops and elders had quite similar responsibilities; and Paul, addressing the elders in Acts 20:17 , stated that they were bishops or overseers (Acts 20:28 ). Usually, however, the term “bishop” is in the singular (1 Timothy 3:1 ), and the term “elders” is plural (Acts 2:5-47 ) as a specific church is addressed. See Apostle; Bishop ; Deacon ; elders; Missions
Reject - A — 1: ἀποδοκιμάζω (Strong's #593 — Verb — apodokimazo — ap-od-ok-ee-mad'-zo ) "to reject" as the result of examination and disapproval (apo, "away from," dokimazo, "to approve"), is used (a) of the "rejection" of Christ by the elders and chief priests of the Jews, Matthew 21:42 ; Mark 8:31 ; 12:10 ; Luke 9:22 ; 20:17 ; 1 Peter 2:4,7 (AV, "disallowed"); by the Jewish people, Luke 17:25 ; (b) of the "rejection" of Esau from inheriting "the blessing," Hebrews 12:17
Succoth - ) Subsequently, in Gideon's days Succoth had 77 chiefs and elders (zeqeenim , "sheikhs", i
Abel - Abel (Ἄβελ) has the first place in the roll of ‘the elders’ (οἱ πρεσβύτεροι, Hebrews 11:2), or men of past generations, who by their faith pleased God and had witness borne to them
Hosea - However, the elders of the land seem to have taken the government into their hands; for Hoshea was not in possession of the kingdom till nine years after, 2 Kings 15:30 ; 2 Kings 17:1
Wolf - And the Apostle Paul, in his address to the elders of Ephesus, gives the name of this insidious and cruel animal to the false teachers who disturbed the peace and perverted the faith of their people: "I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock," Acts 20:29
Catch - 1, "to snatch, to seize, to keep a firm grip of," is used only by Luke, and translated "caught" in the AV of Luke 8:29 , of demon-possession; in Acts 6:12 , of the act of the elders and scribes in seizing Stephen, RV, more suitably, "seized
Consider - 1: ὁράω (Strong's #3708 — Verb — eidon — hor-ah'-o ) used as the aorist tense of horao, "to see," is translated "to consider" in Acts 15:6 , of the gathering of the Apostles and elders regarding the question of circumcision in relation to the Gospel
Abel - Abel (Ἄβελ) has the first place in the roll of ‘the elders’ (οἱ πρεσβύτεροι, Hebrews 11:2), or men of past generations, who by their faith pleased God and had witness borne to them
Anointing - Instances of the second occur in John 9:6; John 9:11, Revelation 3:18 ‘eyesalve to anoint thine eyes,’ and are generally found in Mark 6:13 ‘they anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them,’ and James 5:14 ‘Is any among you sick? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. ’ The commentators on these texts generally quote passages to prove that the use of oil was well known in medicine, and leave it to be understood that the apostles in the Gospel and the elders in the Epistle are thought of as making use of the simplest healing remedy known to them
Judas Iscariot - He might naturally have grown impatient under the delay, and dissatisfied also with Jesus for openly discouraging all ambitious views among his disciples; and, therefore, he might have devised the scheme of delivering him up to the sanhedrim, or great council of the nation, (composed of the chief priests, scribes, and elders,) in order to compel him to avow himself openly as the Messiah before them; and to work such miracles, or to give them the sign which they so often required, as would convince and induce them to elect him in due form, and by that means enable him to reward his followers. But when Judas, who attended the whole trial, saw that it turned out quite contrary to his expectations, that Jesus was capitally convicted by the council, as a false Christ and false prophet, notwithstanding he had openly avowed himself; and that he wrought no miracle, either for their conviction or for his own deliverance, as Judas well knew he could, even from the circumstance of healing Malchus, after he was apprehended; when he farther reflected, like Peter, on his Master's merciful forewarnings of his treachery, and mild and gentle rebuke at the commission of it; he was seized with remorse, and offered to return the paltry bribe of thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders instantly on the spot, saying, ‘I sinned in delivering up innocent blood;' and expected that on this they would have desisted from the prosecution
Moravians - According to their regulations, episcopal ordination, of itself, does not confer any power to preside over one or more congregations; and a bishop can discharge no office except by the appointment of a synod, or of its delegate, the elders' conference of the unity. They have also seniores civiles, or lay elders, in contradistinction to spiritual elders or bishops, who are appointed to watch over the constitution and discipline of the unity of the Brethren, &c
Judge (Office) - elders of a community frequently served as judges at the city gate (Deuteronomy 22:15 ; Deuteronomy 25:7 ; Ruth 4:1-9 ; Job 29:7-8 )
Deacon - ...
As bishops and presbyters or elders are different aspects of the same upper ministry, so "young men" and "deacons" are different aspects of the same subordinate ministry
Helps - Paul’s exhortation to the elders of the Ephesian Church to ‘help the weak’ ( Acts 20:35 RV Market, Market-Place - There the elders of the village could be met with (Acts 16:19-20), and the children naturally collected and played where there was most to be seen and heard (Luke 7:32)
Bishop - The same persons are in this chapter called elders or presbyters,and overseers or bishops
Maiden, Virgin - The text continues: “And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city
Synagogue - The people sat with their faces towards the temple, and the elders in the contrary direction, and opposite to the people; the space between them being occupied by the pulpit or reading desk. The seats of the elders were considered more holy than the others, and are spoken of as "the chief seats in the synagogues," Matthew 23:6
Judges, Book of - They served the Lord as long as Joshua lived and the elders he had appointed, and then they forsook God, allied themselves by marriage with the Canaanites, and turned to idolatry. ...
From the Exodus to the crossing the Jordan 40 }...
From the Jordan to the division of the land 7 }...
Rest under Joshua and the elders Judges 2:7 12 }...
Oppression by the king of Mesopotamia Judges 3:8 8 } ...
Othniel judge Judges 3:11 40 } About 338 years -...
Oppression by the Moabites Judges 3:14 18 } ...
Ehud and Shamgar Judges 3:30 80 } the 300 years...
Oppression by king Jabin Judges 4:3 20 } ...
Deborah and Barak Judges 5:31 40 } in round...
Oppression by the Midianites Judges 6:1 7 } ...
Gideon Judges 8:28 40 } numbers...
Abimelech Judges 9:22 3 } ...
Tola Judges 10:2 23 } of...
Jair Judges 10:3 22 } ...
} Judges 11:26 ...
In the West
Victor, Bishop of Rome - " Lastly, he cites "the elders before Soter," chiefs of the Roman church, who had been at peace with those from other dioceses differing from them in the matter at issue; and especially Anicetus, who, though unable to persuade the blessed Polycarp to give up the custom which, "with John the disciple of our Lord, and the other apostles with whom John lived," he had always observed, and though himself not persuaded to renounce the custom of the elders in his own church, had still honourably accorded the Eucharist in the church to Polycarp, and parted from him in peace (Eus
Papias - A man so situated, and with a passion for first-hand information as to Christ’s teaching, had special chances of intercourse with such disciples of the first generation (‘elders’ he calls them) as visited or worked in Asia, so far as his youth or early manhood overlapped their later years. 24, possibly from Clement of Alexandria, whose account of the Gospels as contained in ‘a tradition of the elders of earlier times’ (τῶν ἀνέκαθεν πρεσβυτέρων) he elsewhere cites (vi. ...
(b) Papias’ relation to ‘the elders,’ the prime witnesses to the meaning of the Oracles. 39) to which we owe our knowledge of it—...
‘But I will not scruple to set down for thee everything, too, that once on a time I learned right well from the elders and right well bore in mind—in juxtaposition with the (= my own) interpretations, so confirming their truth. But if haply one also who had been a companion of the elders came (my way), I used to make careful inquiry into the discourses of the elders—what had been said by Andrew, or what by Peter, or what by Philip, or what by Thomas or by James, or what by John or Matthew, or by any other of the Lord’s disciples, and what things Aristion and the Elder John, disciples of the Lord, have to say (λέγουσιν). Much depends on the relation of the clause, ‘But if haply one also who had been a companion of the elders (= the worthies of the first generation, e. If it expresses a less direct contact with the elders, then Papias virtually claims himself to have heard some Apostles or personal disciples of Christ. that Papias had heard ‘from the elders’ only indirectly, though in certain cases at only one remove, best suits the extract as a whole
Court Systems - When persons from more than one family were involved, the case was taken before the elders of the town, who were the heads of the extended families living together in that place and represented the community as a whole. The elders would serve as witnesses to a transaction (Deuteronomy 25:5-10 ; Ruth 4:1-12 ), decide guilt or innocence (Deuteronomy 19:1 ; Deuteronomy 22:13-21 ; Joshua 20:1-6 ), or execute the punishment due the guilty party (Deuteronomy 22:13-21 ; Deuteronomy 25:1-3 ). The elders helped to preserve the community by seeing that disputes were settled in a manner that everyone would recognize as just
Number Systems And Number Symbolism - Seventy elders are mentioned (Exodus 24:1 ,Exodus 24:1,24:9 ). There were twenty-four divisions of priests (1 Chronicles 24:4 ), and twenty-four elders around the heavenly throne (Revelation 4:4 ). Seventy-two elders, when one includes Eldad and Medad, were given a portion of God's spirit that rested on Moses, and they prophesied (Numbers 11:24-26 )
Pharisees - 14 [2]), especially respectful to their elders ( Ant 18. However, Mark 7:3-4 says that "The Pharisees do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing holding to the tradition of the elders. " Thus, we are also told of the Pharisees' concern for washing (ceremonial cleansing) and observance of "the traditions of the elders, " a description of the Oral Law
Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre - To judge by the custom of to-day, the grave would often be cut partly or altogether in rock, not because that was preferred, but because the village elders usually marked off for the cemetery a section of ground that was too rocky for purposes of cultivation
Baptists - messengers, elders, and deacons
Rehoboam - After three days, having consulted with a younger generation of courtiers that had grown up around him, instead of following the advice of elders, he answered the people haughtily (6-15)
Aaron - Aaron with his two sons Nadab and Abihu with seventy of the elders, went with Moses into the mount where "they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness
Worthy, Worthily - ...
B — 1: ἀξιόω (Strong's #515 — Verb — axioo — ax-ee-o'-o ) "to think or count worthy," is used (1) of the estimation formed by God (a) favorably, 2 Thessalonians 1:11 , "may count (you) worthy (of your calling)," suggestive of grace (it does not say "may make you worthy"); Hebrews 3:3 , "of more glory," of Christ in comparison with Moses; (b) unfavorably, Hebrews 10:29 , "of how much sorer punishment;" (2) by a centurion (negatively) concerning himself, Luke 7:7 ; (3) by a church, regarding its elders, 1 Timothy 5:17 , where "honor" stands probably for "honorarium," i
Ephesians, Epistle to - ...
On his last journey to Jerusalem the apostle landed at Miletus, and summoning together the elders of the church from Ephesus, delivered to them his remarkable farewell charge (Acts 20:18-35 ), expecting to see them no more. It was evidently written from Rome during Paul's first imprisonment (3:1; 4:1; 6:20), and probably soon after his arrival there, about the year 62, four years after he had parted with the Ephesian elders at Miletus
City - ]'>[6] , as often, has ‘streets’) the markets ( Matthew 11:16 , Luke 11:43 ) and market-places ( Matthew 20:3 , Luke 7:32 ) of NT where the citizens met to discuss public affairs, the children to play, and the elders to dispense justice. Under the Hebrew monarchy and later, law and justice were in the hands of ‘the elders of the city’ ( Deuteronomy 19:12 ; Deuteronomy 21:3 ff
Synagogue - This appears to have been carried out wherever there was a synagogue, though it is not clear who were the judges, probably the 'elders' mentioned in Luke 7:3 . the zaqenim, πρεσβύτεροι, the elders
Sennacherib - Then upon Hezekiah there fell the fear of the power of my arms, and he sent out to me the chiefs and the elders of Jerusalem with 30 talents of gold and 800 talents of silver, and divers treasures, a rich and immense booty
Joseph - In Hebrews 11:22 Joseph is placed on the roll of the ‘elders’-saints of the OT-who by their words and deeds gave evidence of their faith
Therapeutae - Then some one of the elders, stepping forth into the middle of the assembly, discoursed with a grave countenance and a calm tone of voice, on the doctrines of the sect; the audience, in the mean time, remaining in perfect silence, and occasionally expressing their attention and approbation by a nod
Council - Its members were the chief priests or heads of the 24 courses, and those who had been high priests; also the elders and scribes learned in Jewish law (Matthew 26:57; Matthew 26:59; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66; Acts 5:21)
Shechem - ’ It was evidently a place of sanctity: there was a great oak (or terebinth) here no doubt a sacred tree where Jacob hid his teraphim ( Genesis 35:4 ), and under which Joshua gave his parting address to the elders ( Joshua 24:1-33 )
Temptation - ) When the apostles and elders from the Jerusalem church came to Antioch and questioned the admission of the Gentiles into the church, Peter said that the Holy Spirit had been given to the Gentiles: “Why tempt ye God?” (Acts 15:6-11 )
Zadok - At Absasalom's death David desired Zadok and Abiathar to persuade the elders of Judah to invite him to return (2 Samuel 15; 2 Samuel 17; 2 Samuel 19)
Mischna - By these they were transmitted to the seventy elders; by them to the prophets, who communicated them to the men of the great sanhedrim, from whom the wise men of Jerusalem and Babylon received them
Hate - The word may mean “unloved” in the sense of deteriorating marital relations: “And the damsel’s father shall say unto the elders, I gave my daughter unto this man to wife, and he hateth Throne - When the king or elders assembled to administer justice, they sat on the throne of justice ( Gate - ...
The “gates” were the place where local courts convened: “And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth …” ( Crown - The elders, in Revelation 4:10 , are said to "cast their crowns before the throne
Josiah - With this view he assembled all the elders of the people in the temple at Jerusalem; and, having ascended the throne, read the book of the Mosaic law, and then entered into a solemn covenant to observe the statutes and ordinances which it enjoined
Mishna - By these they were transmitted to the seventy elders; by them to the prophets, who communicated them to the men of the great sanhedrim, from whom the wise men of Jerusalem and Babylon received them
Judgment - (5) In Acts 21:25 , in the record of the decree from the Apostles and elders at Jerusalem to the churches of the Gentiles, the verb krino (see JUDGE , B, No
Blame, Blameless - This is to be the case with elders
Number - ( Genesis 4:24 ; Matthew 18:22 ) Its definite use appears in the offerings of 70 shekels, (Numbers 7:13,19 ) ff,; the 70 elders, ch
Jezebel - " So she wrote in Ahab's name to the Jezreelite elders, and sealed the letters with his seal; and to her it was that they wrote the announcement that they had stoned Naboth for blasphemy
James, the General Epistle of - In James 5:14 James writes, "Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church"; not some one, as Rome interprets it, to justify her extreme unction. The elders praying for him represent the whole church, "anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. In Acts 15:28 he joins with the other apostles, elders, and brethren, in writing," it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us," etc
Dead - When the armies of Israel were defeated before Ai, "Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads. Thus the prophet represents the elders of Israel, after the destruction of Jerusalem, and the captivity of those whom the sword had spared: "The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, and keep silence; they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth; the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground," Lamentations 2:10
Synagogue - "The elders of the synagogue," וקנים , πρεσβυτεροι . The council of elders not only took a part in the management of the internal concerns of the synagogue, but also punished transgressors of the public laws, either by turning them out of the synagogue, or decreeing the punishment of thirty- nine stripes, John 12:42 ; John 16:2 ; 2 Corinthians 11:24 . " They applied the same term, at least in more recent times, to the elders of the synagogue, and also to the collectors of alms, or deacons. The Apostle, with the elders, when engaged in public worship, took a position where they would be most likely to be heard by all
Blood - The guilt of bloodshed, if the shedder was not known, fell on the city nearest by measurement, until it exculpated itself, its elders washing their hands over an expiatory sacrifice, namely, a beheaded heifer in a rough, unplowed, and unsown valley (Deuteronomy 21:1-9). of Jordan,) he was safe until the elders of the city, and then those of his own city, decided whether it was an involuntary act
Timothy, Letters to - Many years earlier he had warned the elders of the Ephesian church that false teachers would create confusion among them (Acts 20:29-30), and now that had happened. After listing some basic requirements for elders and deacons (3:1-13), he contrasts the straightforward truth of the gospel with the deceptive nonsense taught by the false teachers (3:14-4:5)
Aaron - He, Nadah and Ahihu, along with 70 elders, accompanied Moses up Mt. ] In Exodus 18:12 Aaron, with the elders, was called to Jethro’s sacrifice an incident which must he placed at the end of the stay at Horeb
Titus - From it we gather that he had accompanied the Apostle, after his release from his Roman imprisonment, on a visit to Crete, and had been left there by him ‘to set in order things that were wanting’ and to ‘ordain elders in every city’ (Titus 1:5 )
Shepherd - As elders of a church they have the responsibility to lead it, feeding it with spiritual food and protecting it from spiritual harm (John 21:15-17; Acts 20:28-29; 1 Peter 5:1-3; see ELDER; PASTOR)
Thanksgiving - ...
In Revelation 11:17-18 ‘the elders represent the Church in her great function of εὐχαριστία’ (Swete, ad loc
Arise - ...
Another special use of qûm is "rise up again," as when a childless widow complains to the elders, "My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel …" ( Deuteronomy 25:7)
Peter, First Epistle of - Again, in 1 Peter 4 it is said that the time has come for judgement to begin at the house of God; and if it begin first at us, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?...
The epistle closes with special and touching admonitions to the elders and the younger, the former being especially exhorted to shepherd the flock of God
Ablutions - They did this to hold “the tradition of the elders
Witness - … And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi” (Ruth 4:7, 9)
Rephidim - While the Israelites were encamped at Rephidim, on the western side of Horeb, the mount of God, Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, who lived in that neighbourhood, and was priest and prince of Midian, came to visit him, with his wife Zipporah, and his two sons, Eleazar and Gershom, who had accompanied him part of the way to Egypt, but returned home again; and they rejoiced with him "for all the goodness which the Lord had done for Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians;" and upon this occasion, Jethro, as "a priest of the most high God," of the order of Melchizedek, "offered a burnt-offering and sacrifices of thanksgiving to God, at which Aaron and all the elders of Israel ate bread with Jethro before God," by a repetition of the eucharistic feast upon a sacrifice which Melchizedek formerly administered to Abraham, Genesis 14:18 ; Exodus 18:1-12
Anointing - Anointing with oil in the name of the Lord is prescribed by James to be used together with prayer, by the elders of the church, for the recovery of the sick
Ignorance, Ignorant, Ignorantly - ...
A — 4: ἰδιώτης (Strong's #2399 — Noun Masculine — idiotes — id-ee-o'-tace ) primarily "a private person" in contrast to a state official, hence, "a person without professional knowledge, unskilled, uneducated, unlearned," is translated "unlearned" in 1 Corinthians 14:16,23,24 , of those who have no knowledge of the facts relating to the testimony borne in and by a local church; "rude" in 2 Corinthians 11:6 , of the Apostle's mode of speech in the estimation of the Corinthians; "ignorant men," in Acts 4:13 , of the speech of the Apostle Peter and John in the estimation of the rulers, elders and scribes in Jerusalem
James the Brother of Jesus - When, many years later, Paul came to Jerusalem with an offering from the Gentile churches, he first met with James and the other elders (Acts 21:17-18)
Thanksgiving - ...
In Revelation 11:17-18 ‘the elders represent the Church in her great function of εὐχαριστία’ (Swete, ad loc
Trial-at-Law - ), where two men are represented ‘striving about the blood-price of a man slain,’ the one maintaining that he has paid the price in full, the other refusing to take aught (for to him there is no case for compensation), but both desirous of placing the issue in the hand of a daysman, and to this end demanding judgment of the elders, having first deposited in the midst the two talents of gold ‘to give to him among them that spake the justest doom’ (cf. The suspected offender is haled before the council of elders, presided over by the local sheikh or village headman. ); but ordinary cases were decided by the ‘elders’ (i. The institution of judgment by wise and able ‘elders’ is by the Elohistic writer ascribed to Moses, acting on the advice of his father-in-law Jethro (Exodus 18:17 ff. A formal charge or complaint must first be lodged by the injured party in the case, who forthwith summoned, or forcibly dragged, the offender before the elders. The case was debated before the elders seated in judgment, usually in the market-place in front of the city gate, and therefore in full audience of the citizens. The name is sometimes used of the local courts of seven that now finally superseded the original councils of elders
Scribes - Ezra had examined the various traditions concerning the ancient and approved usages of the Jewish church, which had been in practice before the captivity, and were remembered by the chief and most aged of the elders of the people; and he had given to some of these traditionary customs and opinions the sanction of his authority. The scribes, therefore, who lived after the time of Simon the Just, in order to give weight to their various interpretations of the law, at first pretended that they also were founded upon tradition, and added them to the opinions which Ezra had established as authentic; and in process of time it came to be asserted, that when Moses was forty days on Mount Sinai, he received from God two laws, the one in writing, the other oral; that this oral law was communicated by Moses to Aaron and Joshua, and that it passed unimpaired and uncorrupted from generation to generation, by the tradition of the elders, or great national council, established in the time of Moses; and that this oral law was to be considered as supplemental and explanatory of the written law, which was represented as being in many places obscure, scanty, and defective
Sanhedrin (2) - According to the Greek sources, as appears from the above, the Sanhedrin was composed of chief priests, elders, and scribes, and was presided over by the high priest. The chief priests and elders belonged in general to the Sadducee party, while the scribes formed the Pharisee element, which, however influential among the people, was seldom in the ascendant in the Sanhedrin. —The Mishnic tradition connects the Sanhedrin with Moses’ seventy elders, then with the alleged Great Synagogue of Ezra’s time, then with such names of leading Rabbis as had escaped oblivion (cf. At the time of John Hyrcanus, therefore, the Sanhedrin consisted of adherents of the Hasmonaean dynasty—the new aristocracy combined with the remnants of the old, representing two of the three elements of the later court, the chief priests and the elders—and was overwhelmingly, if not exclusively, Sadducee. ...
From that time onwards the Sanhedrin consisted of chief priests, elders, and scribes
Sanhedrin - 3; 2 Maccabees 1:10; 2 Maccabees 4:44; 2 Maccabees 11:27, 1 Maccabees 12:6, Judith 4:8, and elsewhere; also simply ‘the elders’ or ‘the elders of the people’ (1 Maccabees 7:33; 1 Maccabees 11:23; 1 Maccabees 12:35; 1 Maccabees 14:20); cf. 2a) and the seventy elders on Numbers 11:16 (Sifrç). The seventy elders invested with spiritual powers (Numbers 11:16; Numbers 11:24 f. This was an aristocratic body of elders of the nation with the high priest at its head, which had charge of the government of the Jewish people under Persian and then under Ptolemaic and Seleucidaean rule; nor was it different under Roman rule (ib. -The Great Sanhedrin consisted of seventy-one members, the seventy elders and the Nâsî or president (Sanh
Papias, Bishop of Hierapolis - "And I will not scruple also to give for thee a place along with my interpretations to whatsoever at any time I well learned from the elders and well stored up in memory, guaranteeing its truth. And if ever any one came who had been a follower of the elders, I would inquire as to the discourses of the elders, what was said by Andrew, or what by Peter, or what by Philip, or what by Thomas or James, or what by John or Matthew or any other of the disciples of the Lord; and the things which Aristion and the elder John, the disciples of the Lord, say. As the passage is generally understood, Papias only claims a second-hand knowledge of what these had related, but had inquired from any who had conferred with elders, what Andrew, Peter, etc. The word "elders" is ordinarily used of men of a former generation, and would be most naturally understood here of men of the first generation of Christians; if it were not that in the second clause the title seems to be refused to Aristion, who is nevertheless described as a disciple (by which we must understand a personal disciple) of our Lord; and as those mentioned in the first group are all apostles, the word "elder," as Papias used it, may have included, besides antiquity, the idea of official dignity. John's Gospel; and though Irenaeus only gives it as a saying of the elders, Lightfoot (Contemp
Temple, the Second - Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the elders, however, declined all such cooperation: Judah must build the temple without help
Crown - Other images indicate honor and sovereignty of those who stand on the side of God or judgment, such as the elders of 4:4,10 and the white horse of judgment in 6:2
Prophet - The seventy elders of Israel (Numbers 11:16-29 ), "when the spirit rested upon them, prophesied;" Asaph and Jeduthun "prophesied with a harp" (1 Chronicles 25:3 )
Paulicians - They excluded presbyters and elders from all part in the administration of the church
Vote - ’ Accordingly, James and the elders urged the Apostle to seize the opportunity of vindicating his character which circumstances offered
Samuel - The sins of Samuel's sons and the Philistine threat led the elders of Israel to appeal to Samuel for a king “like all the nations” (1Samuel 8:3,1Samuel 8:5,1 Samuel 8:20 )
Witness, Martyr - This is beautifully illustrated in Ruth 4:9-11 where Boaz called on the elders of the city to be witnesses to his act of redemption
Cedron - (2 Samuel 15:30) Thus Jesus passed Cedron under the deepest of all possible sorrows, when, with his few faithful disciples, he entered the garden from the foul conspiracy of Judas, and the high priest, and elders of his people
Drink - The seventy elders on Mt
Fasting - Joshua and the elders of Israel remained prostrate before the ark from morning till evening, without eating, after Israel was defeated at Ai, Joshua 7:6
Throne - John, we find the twenty-four elders sitting upon as many thrones in the presence of the Lord; "and they fall down before him that sat on the throne, &c, and cast their crowns before the throne
King, Kings - ...
The Israelites had no kings till Saul; having been governed, first by elders, as in Egypt; then by rulers of God's appointment, as Moses and Joshua; then by judges, as Othniel, Ehud, Gideon, Samuel; and lastly by kings, as Saul, David, Solomon
Oil (Olive) - -With this must be connected in some sense the much-discussed passage (James 5:14) where the elders of the Church are directed to pray over the sick brother, ‘anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord
Balaam - because of the children of Israel, and Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field" (how natural the image in the mouth of a shepherd king, as "the king of Moab was a sheep master," 2 Kings 3:4). So "the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand
Seventy (2) - Seventy elders assisted Moses in the work of judgment and instruction (Exodus 18:25; Exodus 24:9, Numbers 11:16; Numbers 11:25). 200) that seventy or, more exactly, seventy-two elders executed the version (Hastings’ DB iv. ]'>[3] Our Lord may have had specially in view (1) the seventy elders under Moses, who was a type of Himself; (2) the Hebrew tradition that the nations scattered at Babel were seventy in number (pseud. Seventy elders assisted Moses in the work of judgment and instruction (Exodus 18:25; Exodus 24:9, Numbers 11:16; Numbers 11:25). 200) that seventy or, more exactly, seventy-two elders executed the version (Hastings’ DB iv
Seceders - A petition to the same effect, subscribed by several hundreds of elders and private Christians, was offered at the same time; but the assembly refused a hearing to both, and enacted, that the election of ministers to vacant charges, where an accepted presentation did not take place, should be competent only to a conjunct meeting of elders and heritors, being Protestants. It was also said that this act was extremely prejudicial to the honour and interest of the church, as well as to the edification of the people; and, in fine, that it was directly contrary to the appointment of Jesus Christ, and the practice of the apostles, when they filled up the first vacancy in the apostolic college, and appointed the election of deacons and elders in the primitive church. From this sentence several ministers and elders, members of the commission, dissented
Moses - Moses was to gather the elders, give them J″ Respect of Persons - elders are warned that they should be compassionate and merciful, ἀπεχόμενοι πάσης ὀργῆς, προσωπολημψίας, κρἰσεως ἀδίκου
Ruth - Boaz's actions are witnessed, and he is blessed by the people and the elders for his role as kinsman in Episode H (Ruth 4:9-12 )
Call, Calling - ” For example, God called to Adam (Genesis 3:9 ); Moses called the elders together (Exodus 19:7 ); and Joel gave a command to call a solemn assembly (Joel 1:14 )
James - (3) James was the acknowledged head of the Church at Jerusalem, and when Paul returned from his third missionary journey he waited on him and made a report to him in presence of the elders ( Acts 21:18-19 )
Hand - Paul could display his toil-marked hands to the Ephesian elders, as evidence of his example of unselfish service (Acts 20:34; cf
Shepherd - Matthew 10:6; Matthew 10:16) and to the elders of the Church (Acts 20:28, 1 Peter 5:2) as having charge of the ‘sheep of Christ,’ ‘the flock of God
Atone - After the elders laid their hands on the bull (to transfer the people’s sin to the bull), the bull was killed
Book - ” The prophet Jeremiah wrote a letter to the Babylonian exiles, instructing them to settle themselves, as they were to be in Babylon for 70 years: “Now these are the words of the letter (sêpher) that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem unto the residue of the elders which were carried away captives, and to the priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people whom Nebuchadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem to Babylon …” ( Aichmalotarch - The ceremonial of the installation is thus described: The spiritual heads of the people, the masters of the learned schools, the elders, and the people, assembled in great multitudes within a stately chamber, adorned with rich curtains, in Babylon, where, during his days of splendour, the Resch-Glutha fixed his residence
Lead, Led - ...
2: ἀνάγω (Strong's #321 — Verb — anago — an-ag'-o ) "to lead up" (ana, "up"), is used of Christ in being "led" up by the Spirit into the wilderness, Matthew 4:1 Luke 4:5 (AV, "taking up"); by the elders of the people into their council, Luke 22:66 , "led away
Captivity - They had judges and elders who governed them, and decided matters in dispute
Church - The church had in New Testament times, elders, overseers or bishops, in each congregation
Justice - Afterwards, in the absence of more formal courts, the elders of a household, tribe, or city, were its judges by natural right
Captivity - While at Babylon the Jews had judges and elders who governed them, and decided matters in dispute juridically according to their laws
Hand - Paul could display his toil-marked hands to the Ephesian elders, as evidence of his example of unselfish service (Acts 20:34; cf
Joannes Presbyter - What concerns us here is that Papias, speaking of his care in collecting oral traditions of the apostolic times, says, "on any occasion when a person came in my way, who had been a follower of the elders, I would inquire about the discourses of the elders—what was said by Andrew, or by Peter, or by Philip, or by Thomas or James, or by John or Matthew or any other of the Lord's disciples, and what Aristion and the Elder John, the disciples of the Lord say" (Lightfoot's trans. That is a modest one, if the writer could have claimed the dignity of apostle; but if not, it seems arrogant to designate himself as the elder when there must have been elders in every city
Council - In consequence of a dispute which had arisen at Antioch concerning the necessity of circumcising Gentile converts, it was determined that "Paul and Barnabas, and certain others of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the Apostles and elders about this question. "— "And the Apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter," Acts 15:6
Deacon - In Philippians 1:1 and in numerous references in early Christian literature outside the New Testament, bishops and/or elders and deacons are mentioned together, with deacons mentioned last
Theophany - God also appeared to Moses, with Aaron and his sons and the seventy elders (Exodus 24:9-11 ) and in the transfer of leadership to Joshua (Deuteronomy 31:15 )
Lion - The same intimation of majesty and strength occurs in Revelation 4:7, where the Seer is taken up into heaven, and beholds the four and twenty elders about the throne, with the four living creatures, having the likeness respectively of a lion, a calf, the face of a man, and a flying eagle (cf
Sojourn, Dwell - Every third year the tithe of the harvest was to be deposited at the city gate with the elders and distributed among “the Levite, (became he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates …” ( Titus - Paul in Crete, after his first imprisonment at Rome, to "set in order the things that were wanting, and to ordain elders in every city," Titus 1:5
Joshua - Having accomplished that arduous enterprise, and settled the chosen tribes in the peaceable possession of their inheritance, he retired to Shechem, or, according to some Greek copies, to Shiloh; where he assembled the elders of Israel, the heads of families, the judges and other officers; and, presenting themselves before God, he recapitulated the conduct of Divine Providence toward them, from the days of Abraham to that moment; recounted the miraculous and gracious dispensations of God toward their fathers and themselves; reminded them of their present enviable lot, and concluded his solemn address with an exhortation in these emphatic words: "Now, therefore, fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity and truth; and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the Lord," Joshua 24
Honor - 1); (9) as an advantage to be given by believers one to another instead of claiming it for self, Romans 12:10 ; (10) to be given to elders that rule well ("double honor"), 1 Timothy 5:17 (here the meaning may be an honorarium); (11) to be given by servants to their master, 1 Timothy 6:1 ; (12) to be given to wives by husbands, 1 Peter 3:7 ; (13) said of the husband's use of the wife, in contrast to the exercise of the passion of lust, 1 Thessalonians 4:4 (some regard the "vessel" here as the believer's body); (14) of that bestowed upon; parts of the body, 1 Corinthians 12:23,24 ; (15) of that which belongs to the builder of a house in contrast to the house itself, Hebrews 3:3 ; (16) of that which is not enjoyed by a prophet in his own country, John 4:44 ; (17) of that bestowed by the inhabitants of Melita upon Paul and his fellow-passengers, in gratitude for his benefits of healing, Acts 28:10 ; (18) of the festive honor to be possessed by nations, and brought into the Holy City, the heavenly Jerusalem, Revelation 21:26 (in some mss
Obedience - , an Epistle written to deal with a state of disorder in Corinth occasioned by the insurrection of some of the younger men of the Church against the elders, bring it about that the virtue of obedience and subjection is particularly commended in this Epistle (cf
Aristion (Aristo) - by compensation rendering ‘Aristo and John the elders. ...
The Armenian version makes a natural inference when it forms the second group by reading ‘Aristo and John the elders. ἀνέκρινον λόγους as an ellipsis: ‘I would inquire the utterances of the elders (reporting) what Andrew or Peter … had said,’ because ‘Elder’ is then used consistently throughout the paragraph for traditor of the post-Apostolic generation (cf. τῶν ἀποστόλων) as the true text of Papias, on the internal evidence, and because ‘the elders’ of Papias are twice referred to by Irenaeus (Haer. ’ The corruption followed by Eusebius (and probably even by Irenaeus in this passage, though he transcribed others where ‘the elders’ were correctly described as ‘disciples of the Apostles’), involves only the change (by assimilation) of three letters, ΟΙΤΟΥ(ΤΩΝ)ΜΑΘΗΤΑΙ becoming ΟΙΤΟΥ(ΚΥ)ΜΑΘΗΤΑΙ
Hymns - It is addressed to God as Almighty, and evokes the response of the elders, who in the words ‘our God’ claim ‘a rotation to Him which the Creation as such cannot claim’ (H. Of a similar character is the Song inserted in the prophecy (11:15-18) when ‘great voices’ announce the coming of the kingdom, and the elders respond:...
‘We give thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty,...
Which art, and which wast;...
Because thou hast taken thy great power, and didst reign
Exodus, Book of - " The people were sprinkled with blood, then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders ascended the mount; "they saw God, and did eat and drink
Harp - In Revelation 5:8 the four living creatures and the four and twenty elders who abased themselves before the Lamb have each of them a harp; and the voice which was heard, as the Lamb and the hundred and forty and four thousand stood on Mount Zion, is described as that of ‘harpers harping with their harps’ (Revelation 14:2)
Angel - Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces” ( Aaron - ...
At Sinai, Aaron and his two older sons, Nadab and Abihu, were called to go up the mountain with Moses and seventy elders (Exodus 24:9 )
Congregation - elders ( Build - God called the elders of Israel the “sons [1] of the Most High” ( Lord - Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The Lord [2] God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt: And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites …” ( Inherit, Inheritance - , "charges") "allotted," to elders, 1 Peter 5:3 , RV (AV, "(God's) heritage"); the figure is from portions of lands allotted to be cultivated; (d) "an inheritance," as in No
Meletius, Bishop of Lycopolis - He was received by the two elders, Isidore and the afterwards famous Arius; probably at their instigation he excommunicated two visitors appointed by Peter, and replaced them by others
Government of the Hebrews - The judges, of whom we have now spoken, sustained a civil as well as a judicial authority, and were included in the list of those who are denominated the elders and princes of Israel: that is to say, supposing they were chosen from the elders and princes, they did not forfeit their seat among them by accepting a judicial office; and, on the contrary, the respectability attached to their office, supposing they were not chosen from them, entitled them to be reckoned in their number, Deuteronomy 31:28 ; Joshua 8:33 ; Joshua 23:2 ; Joshua 24:1 . The various civil officers that have been mentioned, namely, judges, heads of families, genealogists, elders, princes of the tribes, &c, were dispersed, as a matter of course, in different parts of the country. God, it is true, was the King, and the high priest, if we may be allowed so to speak, was his minister of state; but still the political affairs were in a great measure under the disposal of the elders, princes, &c
Apostles - In Acts 15:2 “elders” join the apostles in hearing the case against Paul and Barnabas at the “Jerusalem Council. Paul and Timothy distributed the decrees of the apostles and elders to the Gentile churches (Acts 16:4 )
Moses - ) and the elders of Israel (27-31). There Moses addressed the assembled elders ( Deuteronomy 1:1-4 ; 5:1-26:19 ;; 27:11-30:20 ),), and gives the people his last counsels, and then rehearses the great song (Deuteronomy 32 ), clothing in fitting words the deep emotions of his heart at such a time, and in review of such a marvellous history as that in which he had acted so conspicious a part
Episcopacy - And though Timothy was with Paul when he took his leave of the elders of Ephesus (Acts 20:1-38 :) the apostle gives not the least hint of any extraordinary power with which he was invested, nor says one word to engage their obedience to him; which is a very strong presumption that no such relation did subsist, or was to take place. Tertullian speaks of approved elders; but there is nothing said of them that proves a diocesan, since all he says might be applied to a parochial bishop
Intercession - The farewell prayers with the elders of Ephesus (Acts 20:36), and the whole congregation of Tyre (Acts 21:5-6), are typical in all probability of many similar services. ...
The teaching and the practice of the mother Church in Jerusalem are reflected in the Epistle of James (James 5:14), where the prayers of the elders of the Church on behalf of the sick are definitely enjoined; nor is sickness of the soul forgotten in prayer for forgiveness (James 5:16)
Intercession - The farewell prayers with the elders of Ephesus (Acts 20:36), and the whole congregation of Tyre (Acts 21:5-6), are typical in all probability of many similar services. ...
The teaching and the practice of the mother Church in Jerusalem are reflected in the Epistle of James (James 5:14), where the prayers of the elders of the Church on behalf of the sick are definitely enjoined; nor is sickness of the soul forgotten in prayer for forgiveness (James 5:16)
Paul - Paul laid the foundation of those literary attainments, for which he was so eminent in the future part of his life, at his native city of Tarsus; and he afterward studied the law of Moses, and the traditions of the elders, at Jerusalem, under Gamaliel, a celebrated rabbi, Acts 22:4 . Upon the prospect of this calamity, the Christians of Antioch made a contribution for their brethren in Judea, and sent the money to the elders at Jerusalem by St. Paul and Barnabas, with some others, should go up to Jerusalem to consult the Apostles and elders concerning it. This decision, which was declared to have the sanction of the Holy Ghost, was communicated to the Gentile Christians of Syria and Cilicia, by a letter written in the name of the Apostles, elders, and whole church at Jerusalem, and conveyed by Judas and Silas, who accompanied St. Being desirous of reaching Jerusalem before the feast of pentecost, he would not allow time to go to Ephesus, and therefore he sent for the elders of the Ephesian church to Miletus, and gave them instructions, and prayed with them
Haggai - Predicts that the new temple's glory will exceed that of Solomon's temple; therefore the outward inferiority which had moved the elders to tears at the foundation laying (Ezra 3:10-13) ought not to discourage them
Scribes - While the scribes repeated the traditions of the elders, he "spake as one having authority," "not as the scribes
Ebal - There is still a rocky amphitheatrical recess on the side of Ebal, and a corresponding one of the same dimensions on the side of Gerizim; probably formed for the accommodation of the people, when all Israel, their elders, officers, and judges, stood: half of them, the six blessing tribes, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin (sprung from Jacob's proper wives), over against Gerizim; and half, the six cursing tribes (four sprung from Zilpah and Bilhah, and Reuben the incestuous oldest and Zebulun the youngest) over against Ebal: with the ark and the priests and Levites in the center between the two mountains
Sadducees - This points toward a major feature of Sadduceanism: rejection of the Pharisaic Oral Law, or "the traditions of the elders
Honour - In 1 Timothy 5:17, ‘Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially those who labour in the word and teaching’ (Revised Version ), the context plainly indicates that the ‘honour’ is to be taken as ‘honorarium’ or ‘stipend
Zechariah - Uzziah's prophetical counselor (2 Chronicles 26:5), "who had understanding in the visions of God" ("who had insight into seeing of God"); compare Daniel 1:17; as this phrase is not equivalent to "who had prophetic visions from God," but to such "seeing of God" as was granted to the elders of Israel in Exodus 24:10, it is better to read beyireath for bireoth ; so Septuagint, Syriac, Targum Arabic, Raschi, Kimchi, etc
Fasting - ...
The apostles "prayed with fasting" in ordaining elders (Acts 13:3; Acts 14:23)
Cabbala - This being over, the seventy elders that composed the sanhedrim were admitted; and, lastly, the people, as many as pleased; to all of whom Moses again repeated both the law and explanation, as he received them from God: so that Aaron heard it four times, his sons thrice, the elders twice, and the people once
Bone - ...
Jeremiah 50:17 (a) These bones represent the elders and rulers of Israel who were conquered by Nebuchadnezzar
Circumcision - ...
To resolve the issue Paul and Barnabas consulted with the elders in Jerusalem, where it was agreed that Gentiles should not be compelled to be circumcised (Acts 15:13-21 )
Ephesus - At the conclusion of this missionary endeavor, on his way back to Palestine, Paul stopped at Miletus and sent for the elders of the church in Ephesus so that he might speak with them (Acts 20:17 )
Synagogue - ...
Local elders had general oversight of the synagogue
Aaron - ...
Afterwards, when encamped before Sinai, and when Moses at the command of God ascended the mount to receive the tables of the law, Aaron and his two sons, Nadab and Abihu, along with seventy of the elders of Israel, were permitted to accompany him part of the way, and to behold afar off the manifestation of the glory of Israel's God (Exodus 19:24 ; 24:9-11 )
Apostle - At the conference of the church in Jerusalem respecting the Gentiles 'the apostles' took a prominent part, with the elders
Set On, Set Up - 8:5—the elders of Israel asked the aged Samuel: “… Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations
Covenant - ...
In Israel, the kingship was based on “covenant”: “… David made a covenant [4] with them [5] in Hebron before the Lord …” ( Peter, the Epistles of - In Caria was Miletus, where Paul convened the Ephesian elders. These churches were in much the same state (1 Peter 1:13 "feed") as when Paul addressed the Ephesian elders at Miletus (Acts 20:17; Acts 20:28, "feed". He exhorts all, husbands, wives, servants, elders, and people, by discharging relative duties to give the foe no handle for reproaching Christianity, rather to attract them to it; so Peter seeks to establish them in "the true grace of God wherein they stand "; but the Alexandrinus, Vaticanus, and Sinaiticus manuscripts read "stand ye," imperatively (1 Peter 5:12), "Grace" is the keynote of Paul's doctrine which Peter confirms (Ephesians 2:5; Ephesians 2:8; Romans 5:2)
Prophet - For instance, the 70 elders, (Numbers 11:16-29); Asaph and Jeduthun, etc. Elisha and the elders were sitting in his house, officially engaged, when the king of Israel sent to slay him (2 Kings 6:32). ...
So Ezekiel and the elders, and the people assembled (Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 20:1; Ezekiel 33:31)
Unbelief (2) - And this unbelief of prejudice is again met with in the case of elders and chief priests and scribes as they question Jesus in their council (Luke 22:66; Luke 22:68). And this incredulity of apathetic minds is perhaps noticeable in the attitude which ‘the priests and the scribes and the elders’ had adopted in the case of John the Baptist (cf
the Man Who Had Not on a Wedding Arment - One of our own elders on the Sabbath before one communion heard a sermon on the text, "Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way: first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. And if your heart has resisted all the preparations of the week and you are ready to sink into the earth when the elders bring forward the elements, then give vent to your heavy heart in such ejaculations as this: I am not worthy, Holy Lord
Banquet - The Jews regularly washed their hands and their feet before dinner; they considered this ceremony as essential, which discovers the reason of their astonishment, when they observed the disciples of Christ sit down at table without having observed this ceremony: "Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread," Matthew 15:2 . After meals they wash them again; for, says the evangelist, "the Pharisees and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders," Mark 7:3-4
Aaron - ...
Moses having ascended the mountain to receive the law from God, Aaron, his sons, and seventy elders, followed him, Exodus 24:1-2 ; Exodus 24:9-11 ; not indeed to the summit, but "afar off," "and they saw the God of Israel," that is, the glory in which he appeared, "as it were the paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven for clearness;"—a clear and dazzling, azure, a pure, unmingled splendour like that of the heavens. "And upon the nobles of Israel," Aaron, his sons, and the seventy elders, "he laid not his hand,"—they were not destroyed by a sight which must have overwhelmed the weakness of mortal men had they not been strengthened to bear it; "and they did eat and drink,"—they joyfully and devoutly feasted before the Lord, as a religious act, upon the sacrifices they offered
Prophecy Prophet Prophetess - ’ Neither the ‘prophet’ nor the ‘teacher’ was appointed by the apostles, as were ‘bishops’ and ‘elders’; their gifts were an endowment of the Spirit, and both fulfilled the function of speaking in the spirit (λαλεῖν ἐν πνεύματι). Ecstasy in either its orderly or irregular forms was gradually to die under the development of the Church Order as represented by bishops and elders
Fasting - Joshua and the elders of Israel fell upon their faces before the ark, and put dust upon their heads, when the men of Ai had a momentary triumph over Israel
Deliver, Deliverance, Deliverer - , "to give upon or in addition," as from oneself to another, hence, "to deliver over," is used of the "delivering" of the roll of Isaiah to Christ in the synagogue, Luke 4:17 ; of the "delivering" of the epistle from the elders at Jerusalem to the church at Antioch, Acts 15:30
Fast, Fasting - Before Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for the various churches, they committed them to the Lord with prayer and fasting (Acts 14:23 )
Bible, Inspiration of the - " But the context of these laws written by the finger of God is the mass of legislation in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, in which the constant reiteration of "The Lord said to Moses" culminates in Deuteronomy 31:9 : "So Moses wrote down this law and gave it to the priests and to all the elders of Israel
Titus - " Paul states his latest commission to Titus, Titus 1:5, "for this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting (epidiorthosee , 'follow up' the work begun by me, 'setting right the things' which I was unable to complete through the shortness of my stay in Crete) and ordain elders in every city as I had appointed thee" (he does not mention deacons)
Scorn - Still more impressive was the silent scorn with which He met His accusers at the various stages of His trial, refusing in turn to answer the accusation of false witnesses (Matthew 26:60-63, Mark 14:61) and the questions of the chief priests and elders (Matthew 27:12, Mark 15:3; Mark 15:5), of Herod (Luke 23:9), and lastly of Pilate himself (Matthew 27:14, John 19:9)
Haggai, Theology of - ...
The reference to the Holy Spirit and the Sinai covenant in 2:5 serve as a reminder that Moses and the seventy elders were empowered by the Spirit as they led Israel out of Egypt and through the wilderness (Numbers 11:16-17,25 )
Church - There was only one assembly, the Church of God, though expressed in different localities, in which indeed there were local office bearers, as elders and deacons, and where also discipline was locally carried out
Colours - The elders (Revelation 4:4), the martyrs (Revelation 6:11), the great multitude (Revelation 7:9) are clothed in white raiment: but their robes were not always white; they have washed them and made them white (ἐλεύκαναν) in the blood of the Lamb (Revelation 7:14)
Areopagite, Areopagus - further, Ramsay truly remarks: ‘The Athenians were, in many respects, flippant; but their flippancy was combined with an intense pride in the national dignity and the historic glory of the city, which would have revolted at such an insult as that this stranger should harangue them about his foreign deities on the spot where the Athenian elders had judged the god Ares and the hero Orestes’ (St
Call - This verb is also used in judicial contexts, to mean being “summoned to court”if a man is accused of not fulfilling his levirate responsibility, “then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him …” ( Idolatry, - During the lives of Joshua and the elders who outlived him they kept true to their allegiance; but the generation following who knew not Jehovah nor the works he had done for Israel, swerved from the plain path of their fathers and were caught in the toils of the foreigner
Power of the Keys - And as we know that in the Rabbinic language of the time, to ‘ bind ’ and to ‘ loose ’ were the regular terms for forbidding and permitting, these words confer upon the Apostle a power of legislation in the Christian Church a power which we see him exercising by and by, along with the other Apostles and the elders, at the Jerusalem Conference ( Acts 15:6-11 ; Acts 15:22-28 )
Galatians, Epistle to the - Lightfoot and Sanday identify this visit with that of Acts 15:2 (the Jerusalem Council), saying that at the intermediate visit of Acts 11:30 there were no Apostles in Jerusalem, the storm of persecution having broken over the Church (only the ‘elders’ are mentioned), and the Apostles having retired; as, therefore, St. They would hardly have left the Church to take care of itself, or have allowed the elders to bear the brunt of the storm; while the mention of elders only in Acts 11:30 would be due to the fact that they, not the Apostles, would administer the aims (cf
John (the Apostle) - It is apparently the similarity of their fortunes which leads him to speak of this Apostle at all, for just as Paul had sent for the elders of the Ephesian Church to meet him at Miletus on his way to imprisonment in Rome, so Ignatius at Smyrna received a delegation from Ephesus (Ephes. In his preface to his Expositions of the Oracles of the Lord he says:...
‘But I shall not hesitate also to put down for you along with my interpretations whatsoever things I have at any time learned carefully from the elders and carefully remembered, guaranteeing their truth. If, then, anyone came who had been a follower of the elders, I questioned him in regard to the words of the elders—what Andrew or what Peter said, or what was said by Philip, or by Thomas, or by James, or by John, or by Matthew, or by any other of the disciples of the Lord, and what things Aristion and the presbyter John, the disciples of the Lord, say
Discipline - Either "marking" or "rebuking" on the part of community leaders may constitute "witnesses" as required in the case of divisive persons in Titus 1:9,13 and in the case of elders in 1 Timothy 5:19 . Thus we observe that commonly occurring misbehavior is handled by all believers individually (Galatians 6:1-5 ; and parallels ); warnings are administered generally by the community (Romans 16:17 ; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-15 ); the factious and elders are disciplined by apostolic delegates (1 Timothy 5:19-22 ; 2 Timothy 2:25-26 ; Titus 3:10-11 ); and the most serious cases are taken up by the apostle himself (2Col 13:1-2; 1 Timothy 1:19-20 ; probably 1Col 5:3-4; cf
Numbers, Book of - Kibroth-hattaavah; the 70 elders, Eldad and Medad; the quails; Hazeroth. , and also the account of the elders, Judges 1:18 f
Jeroboam - The prophet Samuel had foretold all this to the elders of Israel, and had got little thanks from them for so foretelling it. It is only kings, and kings' counsellors, and popes, and bishops, and ministers, and elders, and such like, who can sin and make nations and churches and congregations to sin
Multitude - For the same reason the chief priests and elders dared not say that John’s baptism was of men (Matthew 21:26). Matthew 27:20 ‘the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus’—words which suggest that if left to themselves they might have listened to Pilate’s proposal, but their leaders turned the scale against Jesus
Sanhedrin - It is possible that the ‘ elders ’ mentioned in the Book of Ezra ( Ezra 5:5 ; Ezra 5:9 ; Ezra 6:7 ; Ezra 6:14 ; Ezra 10:8 ) and ‘rulers’ in the Boo k of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 2:18 ; Nehemiah 4:8 ; Nehemiah 4:18 ; Nehemiah 5:7 ; Nehemiah 7:5 ) constituted a body which to some extent corresponded to the Sanhedrin properly so called
Micah - Probably the book was read before the assembled king and people on some fast or festival, as certain elders quoted to the princes and people assembled against Jeremiah (Jeremiah 26:18) Micah 3:12, "Micah the Morasthite in the days of Hezekiah, and spoke to all the people of Judah, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, Zion shall be plowed like a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of a forest
Tribulation - He told the elders of Ephesus that ‘bonds and tribulations’ awaited him (Acts 20:23)
Lamb, Lamb of God - In the heavenly vision of chapter 4, the choir of twenty-four elders and four living creatures worship the "Lord God, " who sits on the throne, for he is worthy (v
Lamb - ...
According to Revelation 5:6, in the central place before the throne, in the midst of the four and twenty elders, and the four living creatures, the Revelationist turned to see a Lion, symbol of majesty and overmastering power, when lo! instead of a lion he beheld a Lamb, standing, bearing still the wound by which He was slain in sacrifice, yet with the emblems of power and wisdom in the highest degree
Ammonites - Jephthah accepted the challenge, but only after extracting a promise from the elders of Gilead that, if he indeed succeeded in defeating the Ammonites, they would recognize him as ruler of Gilead
People - ...
‛Am may signify the inhabitants of a city regardless of their familial or covenantal relationship; it is a territorial or political term: “And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses …” (Ruth 4:9)
Keep, Keeping - 1), is said of "the mother of Jesus," in keeping His sayings in her heart, Luke 2:51 , and of the command of the Apostles and elders in Jerusalem to Gentile converts in the churches to "keep" themselves from the evils mentioned in Acts 15:29
Paul - ) The leading facts of his life which appear in that history, subsidiary to its design of sketching the great epochs in the commencement and development of Christ's kingdom, are: his conversion (Acts 9), his labours at Antioch (Acts 11), his first missionary journey (Acts 13; 14), the visit to Jerusalem at the council on circumcision (Acts 15), introduction of the gospel to Europe at Philippi (Acts 16),: visit to Athens (Acts 17), to Corinth (Acts 18), stay at Ephesus (Acts 19), parting address to the Ephesian elders at Miletus (Acts 20), apprehension at Jerusalem, imprisonment at Casesarea, and voyage to Rome (Acts 21-27). But he arose and went into the city, and next day to Derbe and to Lystra again, and to Iconium and Antioch, ordaining elders in every church, and confirming the disciples by telling them "that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God. He and Barnabas strenuously opposed them, and were selected to go to Jerusalem and lay the question before the apostles and elders
Joshua - JOSHUA, THE SON OF NUN, MOSES' SERVANT...
WHERE were Gershom and Eliezer all this time? Were they both dead? Or, if living, had theyno heart for their father's God till it had been better for them and for their father that they had never been born? Can it be possible that even Moses had come so far short as this, in the supreme duty and fast-passing opportunity of bringing up his own sons? Had her husband been so cumbered with the exodus, and with the law, and with all the cares and labours of the leadership in Israel, that he had no leisure so much as to eat his meals beside Zipporah and her two sons? Had Moses been far too long in accepting a staff of elders to assist him in ruling and judging Israel? And were Gershom and Eliezer grown up and gone clean out of hand before their father had wakened up to that and was aware of it? But, when all is said, it is far less the father than the mother in this matter. They are our Sabbath-school teachers, our elders and our deacons, our best preachers and pastors, and the heads of our seminaries and colleges. There was a day of Pentecost in Israel as Moses grew old, when the Spirit of the Lord fell on seventy of the elders of Israel in order to fit them to be Moses' assessors and assistants in ruling and in teaching the refractory people
James - Being His elders, they went on one occasion to "lay hold on Him," saying that He was "beside Himself"; as He was so pressed by multitudes that He and His disciples "could not so much as eat bread," His cousin brethren thought they would restrain what seemed to them mad zeal (Mark 3:20-21; 1664061066_32). 57 Paul, having been on the previous day "received gladly" by the brethren, went in officially, with Luke and his other assistant ministers, in the presence of all the elders, and "declared particularly what God had wrought among the Gentiles by his ministry" (Acts 21:17-19)
Scribes - They are very frequently associated in the Synoptics with the Pharisees, and with the chief priests and elders, but there is no mention of ‘scribes’ in the Fourth Gospel at all, except in the special passage dealing with the woman taken in adultery (John 8:3). From the time of the Hasmonaeans they had formed a constituent element in the Sanhedrin, being associated in that body with the chief priests and elders, and it was usually the Scribes who exercised the greatest influence in its deliberations
Aaron - There Aaron, evidently a man of influence already among the Israelites, introduced Moses to their assembled elders; and, as his mouthpiece, declared to them the divine commission of Moses with such persuasive power, under the Spirit, that the people "believed, bowed their heads, and worshipped" (Exodus 4:29-31). Whereas Moses ascended Sinai, and there received the tables of the law direct from God, as the mediator (Galatians 3:19), Aaron has only the privilege of a more distant approach with Nadab and Abihu and the seventy elders, near enough indeed to see Jehovah's glory, but not to have access to His immediate presence
Pentateuch - There is the same general assembly or congregation and princes (Joshua 9:18-21; Joshua 20:6; Joshua 20:9; 1 Samuel 8:5-69; Exodus 16:22); the same elders of Israel (Joshua 7:6; Deuteronomy 31:9); elders of the city (Deuteronomy 25:8; Joshua 20:4); judges and officers (Joshua 8:33; Deuteronomy 16:18); heads of thousands (Joshua 22:21; Numbers 1:16)
Abel - Paul's use of the term,—to what had his faith respect? The particular object of the faith of the elders, celebrated in Hebrews 11, is to be deduced from the circumstances mentioned by St. The chapter is filled with other instances, expressed or implied; and from the whole, as well as from the nature of things, it will appear, that when the Apostle speaks of the faith of the elders in its particular acts, he represents it as having respect to some promise, declaration, or revelation of God
Joshua - Next as Moses' "minister" Joshua accompanied him along with Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and 70 elders up the mountain of God; but Moses went alone into the cloud (Exodus 24:9; Exodus 24:13-15). His influence under God kept them faithful both in his own time and that of the elders who outlived him
Jews - Jerusalem and the Temple were rebuilt, and a tiny Jewish state was formed, subject to Persia, but under the jurisdiction of the Jewish high priest and a council of elders. ...
After the downfall of Jerusalem, the rabbis gathered at Jabne, near Jaffa, where they reorganized the Sanhedrin, the Council of 71Elders
Teach, Teacher - Moses commands parents to teach their children (Exodus 13:9 ), teaches Israel's elders how to adjudicate civic matters (Exodus 18:20 ), and assigns responsibility for teaching the law to Aaron and his descendants, the priests and Levites (Leviticus 10:11 ; Deuteronomy 33:10 ; cf
Cloud, Cloud of the Lord - ...
The pillar of cloud motif-set forth in the exodus account and expanded in the prophetic announcements of a new exodus after the Babylonian exile-encompasses a rich complex of theological meanings and functions: guidance/leading (of Israel out of Egypt and through the wilderness to Canaan, Exodus 13:21 ; Numbers 14:14 ; Nehemiah 9:12 ; Psalm 78:14 ); a signal for movement (breaking and setting up camp, Isaiah 5:6 ; Numbers 9:17-23 ); protection from danger (as a barrier of darkness between Israel and the Egyptians, Exodus 14:19-20 ); the sustained, immediate, personal presence of Yahweh/the angel of the Lord (Exodus 13:22 ; 14:19,24 ; 40:38 ; Numbers 9:15-16 ); an agency of summons (to battle, Numbers 10:34-35 ; and to worship, Exodus 33:10 ); both a concealment and manifestation of divine glory (Exodus 16:10 ; 19:9,16 ; 20:21 ; 24:15-18 ; 34:5 ; Deuteronomy 4:11 ; 5:22 ); the place of propositional revelation (as an oracular cloud, Exodus 33:9 ; Psalm 99:7 ); the dwelling place/throne of divinity (over the tabernacle, Numbers 9:18,22 ; 10:11 ; and in particular, over the mercy seat, Leviticus 16:2 ); the locus of cultic theophany (for the investiture of the seventy elders and Joshua, Numbers 11:25 ; Deuteronomy 31:15 ; for the inauguration of the tabernacle, Exodus 40:34-35 ); shade/protection from the sun or storm (Numbers 10:34 ; Psalm 105:39 ; Isaiah 4:5 ); illumination (as a pillar of fire by night, Exodus 14:20 ; Numbers 9:15 ); and an agency of legal investigation and/or executive judgment (against Israel's enemies, Exodus 14:24 ; and against rebels within Israel, Numbers 12:5,10 ; 16:42 )
Apostle - " They were to the whole what particular elders were, to parts of the church (1 Peter 5:1; 2 John 1:1)
Samuel - At the close of this period, when he was now an old man, the elders of Israel came to him at Ramah (1 Samuel 8:4,5,19-22 ); and feeling how great was the danger to which the nation was exposed from the misconduct of Samuel's sons, whom he had invested with judicial functions as his assistants, and had placed at Beersheba on the Philistine border, and also from a threatened invasion of the Ammonites, they demanded that a king should be set over them
Jehoiakim - ...
Jehoiakim gained by it only adding sin to sift, as the argument of the elders in Jeremiah's behalf implies, the notorious prostration of the state at the time intimating that heavier vengeance would ensue if Jeremiah too, as was threatened, should be slain
Reserve - He sent the inquiring Jews back to this road (John 10:25-27); He withdrew from the people who, from material ideas and expectations, would have made Him king (John 6:15); and He declined to answer the chief priests and elders, who came inquiring for His authority, because they were not simple-hearted or honest inquirers (Matthew 21:23-27)
Womanliness - His denunciation of the lax traditions of the elders regarding divorce (Matthew 19:3-9) and the duty of children to their parents (Mark 7:9-13 was in defence of the home
Thankfulness, Thanksgiving - Four living creatures "give glory, honor and thanks to him who sits on the throne" (4:9), twenty-four elders worship him for he has taken his great power and begun to reign (11:17)
Games - Paul wrote 1 Corinthians at Ephesus, and in addressing the Ephesian elders he uses naturally the same image, an undesigned coincidence (Mark 9:42-489)
Corban - He accuses the Pharisees of attaching too much value to the tradition of the elders, so as even in some cases to set aside in their favour the plain moral commandments of God
Pilate - ...
It is not improbable that Barabbas' riot and murder were connected with Pilate's appropriation of the Corban; this explains the eagerness of the people to release him rather than Jesus; the name may mean "son of Abba," an honorary title of rabbis, from whence the elders were strongly in his favor
Pharisees - ...
But, above all their other tenets, the Pharisees were conspicuous for their reverential observance of the traditions or decrees of the elders: these traditions, they pretended, had been handed down from Moses through every generation, but were not committed to writing; and they were not merely considered as of equal authority with the divine law, but even preferable to it
Ordination - Watts, that since there are some texts in the New Testament, wherein single persons, either Apostles, as Paul and Barnabas, ordained ministers in the churches, or evangelists, as Timothy and Titus; and since other missions or ordinations are intimated to be performed by several persons, namely, prophets, teachers, elders, or a presbytery, Acts 13:1 ; 1 Timothy 4:14 ; since there is sometimes mention made of the imposition of hands in the mission of a minister, and sometimes no mention is made of it; and since it is evident that in some cases popular ordinations are and must be valid without any bishop or elder,—I think none of these differences should be made a matter of violent contest among Christians; nor ought any words to be pronounced against each other by those of the episcopal, presbyterian, or independent way
Joshua, the Book of - ...
In the case of an authoritative record of the allotment of lands, which the book of Joshua is, the immediate successors who appended the account of his death (probably one or more of the elders who took part in Joshua's victories and outlived him: "we," Joshua 5:1; Joshua 5:6; Joshua 24:31; Judges 2:7) would naturally insert the exact state of things then, which in Joshua's time were in a transition state, his allotments not having been taken full possession of until after his death
Revelation, the - And on 'thrones' (not 'seats') sat twenty-four elders, the perfect number of the redeemed, sitting, as kingly priests, with crowns on their heads. These celebrate Jehovah Elohim Shaddai thrice holy, and the elders worship their Lord and their God as Creator of all things. The four living creatures and the elders fall down, and the new song of redemption is sung
Bride - " The contract of marriage was made in the house of the woman's father, before the elders and governors of the city or district. And in times long posterior to the age of Isaac, when Ruth, the Moabitess, was espoused to Boaz, "all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses: the Lord make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel, and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel; and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem," Ruth 4:11-12
Timothy - ...
The elders ordained in Lystra and Iconium (Acts 14:21-23; Acts 16:2) thenceforth superintended him (1 Timothy 4:14); their good report and that of the brethren, as also his origin, partly Jewish partly Gentile, marked him out as especially suited to assist Paul in missionary work, labouring as the apostle did in each place, firstly among the Jews then among the Gentiles
Timothy, the Second Epistle to - ) Shortly before his second imprisonment Paul visited Ephesus, where new elders governed the church (Acts 20:25, most of the old ones had passed away), say in the latter end of 66 or 67 A
Moses - Moses then returned to Egypt, where the elders of Israel welcomed him (Exodus 4:20; Exodus 4:29; Exodus 4:31)
King, Kingship - It was normal for the elders of the nation to make a covenant with the king (2 Samuel 5:3 ; 2 Kings 11:17 ) in which the rights and duties of the king were recorded and deposited in the sanctuary—possibly at the time of the anointment ceremony (1 Samuel 10:25 )
Ministry, Minister - Apart from the apostles, prophets, and evangelists, we read of elders/presbyters, bishops, and deacons, who were settled in local congregations
Titus, Theology of - It is important to note also that Paul commands Titus "to appoint" elders in every city (1:5)
Samuel - This was the occasion of the Israelite elders requesting for a king
Paul - At Miletus he gave a solemn parting address to the elders of Ephesus, and took his leave of the disciples at Tyre, where he was cautioned not to go to Jerusalem
Ephesians, Epistle to the - , Paul exhorts the elders of Ephesus, as overseers, to feed the church of God
Attributes of Christ - St Paul charged the Ephesian elders to ‘feed the Church of God which he purchased with his own blood’ (Acts 20:28) and applied to Christ the words of Joel, ‘Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved’ (Romans 10:13)
Great, To Be; Heavy - This meaning emerges in Job 32:9: “The great may not be wise, nor may elders understand justice” (cf
Matthew, Gospel by - " He cleansed the temple a second time, and put to silence the chief priests, the elders, and all who sought to entangle Him in His talk, enforcing, too, the responsibility of the husbandmen
Culdees - The members of this council had the general designation of seniores, or elders
Matthew - Matthew's Gospel, and not found in any other, are the following: the visit of the eastern magi; our Saviour's flight into Egypt; the slaughter of the infants at Bethlehem; the parable of the ten virgins; the dream of Pilate's wife; the resurrection of many saints at our Saviour's crucifixion; and the bribing of the Roman guard appointed to watch at the holy sepulchre by the chief priests and elders
Joshua, Book of - To this is added the testimony that "Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that overlived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the Lord, that he had done for Israel
Talmud - The classical passage on this subject runs: ‘Moses received the (oral) law from Sinai, and delivered it to Joshua, and Joshua to the elders, and the elders to the prophets, and the prophets to the men of the Great Synagogue’ ( Pirqe Aboth , l
Exile - Correspondence continued between those in Judah and those in Exile (Jeremiah 29:1 ), and Jewish elders gave leadership to the exiles (Isaiah 44:9-17 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 )
Typology - Peter urged all the elders to become examples or patterns for the flock rather than “lording it over” the flock (1 Peter 5:3 )
Mission - God has provided for the leadership of local churches through giving certain people the necessary abilities to be elders
Septuagint - Ptolemy accordingly sent ambassadors to Eleazar the high priest, who sent back to Alexandria seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, with magnificent copies of the Hebrew Scriptures
Africanus, Julius - In computing the years of the Judges he is blamed by Eusebius for lengthening the chronology by adding, without authority, 30 years for the elders after Joshua, 40 for anarchy after Samson, and 25 years of peace
Faith - That faith by which "the elders obtained a good report," was of this character; it united assent to the truth of God's revelations with a noble confidence in his promise
Joseph - By and by he hears that he is sick, and hastens to visit him; he receives his blessing; watches his death bed; embalms his body; mourns for him threescore and ten days; and then carries him, as he had desired, into Canaan to bury him, taking with him, as an escort to do him honour, "all the elders of Israel, and all the servants of Pharaoh, and all his house, and the house of his brethren, chariots, and horsemen, a very great company
Dead Sea Scrolls - Next come the Levites, or elders. Aspects of the organizational structure (elders, overseer) are reminiscent of that found in the Pastorals
Timothy, First And Second, Theology of - ...
The officers in the early church organization, according to Paul, were elders or bishops, deacons, and possibly deaconesses. ) Those who believe Paul was addressing another office in the early church point out that he does not single out the wives of the elders or overseers for special instructions
David - There he offered up sacrifice, and called the elders of Israel and Jesse's family to the sacrificial meal. The elders of Israel now repaired to Hebron and offered allegiance to David in name of all the people, among whom the greatest enthusiasm prevailed
Versions - " The merit of his translation is its noble simplicity and truthfulness: thus "favour" for "grace," "love" for "charity," "acknowledge" for "confess," "repentance" for "penance," "elders" for "priests," "congregation" for "church. same Greek, 1 Peter 5:2; "overseers" in Acts 20:28 (to avoid identifying "bishops" and "elders"), but in 1 Timothy 3:1 "bishop" (same Greek)
Logia - 39), who interpreted ‘the oracles of the Lord’ (λόγια κυριακά) in accordance with the tradition of elders who had been followers of the Apostles. The true interpretation of these logia is matter of tradition transmitted through (1) the Apostles, (2) the elders ‘the disciples of these’ (lege οἱ τούτων—8c
David - This is ample and complete; part of the spoil which he acquires he sends as a present to the elders of Judah and to his friends ( 1 Samuel 30:26-31 ), a fact which shows that there was a party favourable to him in Judah; and this was possibly the reason and justification of the mistrust of the Philistine princes just mentioned. The final victory lay with David, and in due time the elders of Israel came to him in Hebron and anointed him their king
Confess, Confession - Although "elders" are mentioned in James 5:14 , the exhortation to confess sins to "one another" in verse 16 clearly has in view the entire Christian community
Blood - ...
In Deuteronomy 21:1-9 , we read of an elaborate ceremony by elders concerning a person murdered in the fields near their city
Church - church officers are those appointed by Christ for preaching the word, and the superintendence of church affairs: such are bishops and deacons, to which some add, elders
Church - The synagogue officers consisted of a "ruler of the synagogue," the "legate of the church" (sheliach tsibbur ), corresponding to the angel of the church (Revelation 1-3), a college of elders or presbyters, and subordinate ministers (chazzan ), answering to our deacons, to take care of the sacred books
Sadducees (2) - They resented His action in the cleansing of the Temple, and along with the scribes and elders they demanded His authority (Mark 11:27 f
Hospitality - Hence, God's meal with the elders of Israel (Exodus 24:1-11 ), Jesus' meals with tax collectors and sinners (Luke 11:37 ; 15:1 ; 19:5-6 ), the Lord's Supper (Mark 14:17-26 ), Jesus' postresurrection meals (Luke 24:30-31,40-43 ; John 21:12-13 ; cf
Believe - In this passage, 'âman is synonymously parallel (therefore equivalent in meaning) to “elders” or “officebearers
Confession (of Sin) - Of this nature was the confession of Judas to the chief priests and elders (Matthew 27:4, cf
Bason - In this Christian sense the feet-washing was ceremonial, or rather typical, but it was not a recognition of any validity in the ‘traditions of the elders
John, Gospel of (Critical) - ) Papias is best known by the famous extract from the Preface to his work which is preserved by Eusebius:...
‘I will not hesitate to place before you, along with my interpretations (of the Oracles of the Lord), everything that carefully learned, and carefully remembered in time past from the elders, and I can guarantee its truth. Moreover, if met with anyone on any occasion who had attended the elders, I used to inquire about the words of the elders; what Andrew or what Peter said, or what Philip, or what Thomas, or James or John or Matthew, or any other of the disciples of the Lord said, and what Aristion and the elder John, disciples of the Lord, say
Jews - These two laws were recited by Moses to Aaron four times, to his sons three times, to the seventy elders twice, and to the rest of the people once: after this, the repetition was renewed by Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy elders. When Joshua died, all the interpretations he had received from Moses, as well as those made in his time, were transmitted to the elders: they conveyed them to the prophets, and by one prophet they were delivered to another
Synagogue (2) - He might or might not be, but probably generally was, one of the elders, who occupied with him the chief seats, and formed together the governing body of the community. The court proper consisted of twenty-three members where the population was considerable, elsewhere of seven; and this college of elders (Luke 7:3) or rulers (Matthew 9:18; Matthew 9:23, Luke 8:41) exercised a wide jurisdiction
Little Ones - 4):...
‘Where there are no little ones, there are no disciples; where there are no disciples, there are no sages; where there are no sages, there are no elders; where there are no elders, there are no prophets; where there is no prophet, there is no God
Law of Moses - ( Numbers 35:9-28 ; 4:41-43; 19:4-10) (4) Uncertain murder to be expiated by formal disavowal and sacrifice by the elders of the nearest city. The members were priest, scribes (Levites), and elders (of other tribes)
Galatians, Letter to the - This second visit was with the elders, not the twelve
Peter - This subject had awakened new interest at Antioch, and for its settlement was referred to the council of the apostles and elders at Jerusalem
Jehoshaphat - ...
The judges chosen from the elders by Moses at Jethro's suggestion were the foundation of the judicial body (Exodus 18:21, etc
Preach, Proclaim - " Acts 20:25 records the words of Paul's farewell address to the Ephesian elders
Angels - The saints (the living creatures and 24 elders) occupy the inner circle, the angels the outer circle, round the throne of the Lamb (Revelation 5:11)
Jeremiah, Book of - The princes however protected him, and the elders reminded the people that Hezekiah did not put Micah to death
City - The College of elders who presided over the Synagogue had also judicial functions, but what was its relation to the Council is not easy to determine
Gelasius (1) i, Bishop of Rome - He speaks of "the apostolical judgment, which the voice of Christ, the tradition of the elders, and the authority of canons had supported, that it should itself always determine questions throughout the church
Alexandria - Their great central synagogue was an immense and most imposing structure, where all the trade guilds sat together, and the 70 elders were accommodated in 70 splendidly bejewelled chairs of state
Arrest - ]'>[3] and the elders
Commerce - In Proverbs 31:23 , one sign of a prosperous man with a well-ordered house was his ability to sit with the elders in the gate
Preaching - Plato was alive at this time, teaching dull philosophy to cold academics; but what was he, and what was Xenophon or Demosthenes, or any of the Pagan orators, in comparison with these men? From this period to that of the appearance of Jesus Christ, public preaching was universal: synagogues were multiplied, vast numbers attended, and elders and rulers were appointed for the purpose of order and instruction. ...
For some time, preaching was common to bishops, elders, deacons, and private brethren in the primitive church: in process, it was restrained to the bishop, and to such as he should appoint
Immortality - In Revelation 4:4 the ‘elders’ (who may possibly represent those who have attained-the ‘elders’ of Hebrews 11) are seen in the symbolic garb of victors
Wisdom - In Israel it was confined neither to rank ( 1 Kings 10:28 , Deuteronomy 16:19 , Job 32:9 ) nor to sex ( 2 Samuel 14:1 ff; 2 Samuel 20:22 ); but it was particularly characteristic of ‘the elders’ ( Deuteronomy 1:16 , Job 12:12 ; Job 32:7 ), and in course of time seems to have given rise to a special class of teachers known as ‘ the Wise ’ ( Jeremiah 18:18 )
Moab - of Arnon which Moab had just lost to Sihon, and which Israel in turn had wrested from him, and with its main force had descended from the upper level to the Shittim plains, the Arboth Moab, in the Jordan valley, when Balak, alarmed for his already diminished territory, induced the Midianite "elders" to join him and hired Balak; virtually, though never actually, "warring against Israel" (Joshua 24:9; Judges 11:25)
Tithes - In reminding the Ephesian elders, gathered at Miletus, of his own example, St
Sea - , after the healing of the lame man, Peter and John, who had been accused and brought before the elders, and charged and even threatened by them not to speak any more in the name of Jesus, prayed, ‘O Lord, thou that didst make the heaven and the earth and the sea and all that in them is … grant unto thy servants to speak thy word with all boldness’ (Acts 4:24; Acts 4:29)
Lazarus - ...
Their friends from Jerusalem (John 11:19), according to John's use of "the Jews," were of the ruling elders and Pharisees
Holy Spirit - Thus the Spirit is the source of the higher qualities which manhood develops administrative capacity in Joseph ( Genesis 41:38 ), military genius in Joshua ( Numbers 27:18 ), judicial powers in the seventy elders ( Numbers 11:17 ), the craftsman’s art in Bezalel and Oholiab ( Exodus 31:2 ; Exodus 31:6 )
Apocalyptic - This appears vividly in the compelling vision of uNIVersal worship in Revelation 5 , where John sees (and hears) the worship spreading from the throne in concentric circles outward, from the living creatures to the twenty-four elders, then to the myriads of angels (v
Games - The last passage, it should be remembered, is addressed to the elders at Ephesus
King, Christ as - When the Priest-Judge Samuel grew old, the elders of Israel determined that the time had come for a change ( 1 Samuel 8:4-22 )
Pharisees - "Moses received the oral law from Sinai, and delivered it to Joshua, and Joshua to the elders, and these to the prophets, and these to the men of the great synagogue" (Ρirke Αboth ("The Sayings of the [1] Fathers"), 1)
Discipline - 122) speaks of the solemn prayer and fast which accompanied the appointment of the elders, and says that ‘this meeting and rite of fasting, which Paul celebrated in each city on his return journey, is to be taken as the form that was to be permanently observed
Timothy, Epistles to - Paul gives personal instruction to Timothy as to carrying out his mission, especially as regards the treatment of elders and widows
Work - The God of Israel demonstrated His love by His mighty acts of deliverance on behalf of Israel: “And Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that [8] lived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the Lord, that he had done for Israel” ( Abel - That name, that name, that name, that family of names! Where are the owners of all these names? What account can I give of them? If they are not here tonight, where are they? Why are they not here, and why are they where they are? What a preacher Paul must have been, and what a pastor, and supported and seconded by what a staff of elders, since he was able to say to his assembled kirk-session in Ephesus that he was clear of the blood of all his people! What mornings to his tent-making, and to his sermons, and to his epistles; and what afternoons and evenings to humility, and to tears, and to temptations, both publicly and from house to house! Like Samuel Rutherford, and long before his day, always at his books, always among his people, always at their sick-beds, always catechising their children, always preaching and always praying
Jephthah - ...
Then the princes ("elders") of Gilead with Israel encamped at Mizpeh (Judges 10:17-18; Judges 11:5-11), having resolved to make "head" (civil) and "captain" (military) over all Israelite Gilead (the Israelites in Persea) whatever warrior they could find able to lead them against Ammon, applied to Jephthah in Tob
David - ) A yearly sacrificial feast used to be held at Bethlehem, whereat Jesse, as chief landowner, presided with the elders (1 Samuel 16; 1 Samuel 20:6; compare at Saul's selection, 1 Samuel 9:12). ...
The elders trembling, lest his visit should be for judicial punishment of some sin, inquired, "Comest thou peaceably?" He answered, "Peaceably
Quakers - "...
In order that those who are in the situation of Ministers may have the tender sympathy and counsel of those of either sex, who by their experience in the work of religion, are qualified for that service, the monthly meetings are advised to select such, under the denomination of elders. These, and ministers approved by their monthly meetings, have meetings peculiar to themselves, called meetings of ministers and elders; in which they have an opportunity of exciting each other to a discharge of their several duties, and of extending advice to those who may appear to be weak, without any needless exposure
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - When the elders of Israel asked for a king, Samuel was displeased (1 Samuel 8:6 ). , the role it played at the crossing of the Jordan [5]7) it is not surprising that when the Israelites were defeated by the Philistines (1 Samuel 4 ) the elders requested that the ark be brought to the battlefield
Hermas Shepherd of - Hermas is to read it to the city along with the elders that preside over the Church. Hermas, who is told to read his book to the city along with the elders who preside over the Church (μετὰ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων τῶν προϊσταμένων τῆς ἐκκλησίας), may well have been one of the order of prophets
Greek Versions of ot - 285 247), describes how the king, at the suggestion of his librarian, Demetrius of Phalerum, resolved to obtain a Greek translation of the laws of the Jews for the library of Alexandria; how, at the instigation of Aristeas, he released the Jewish captives in his kingdom, to the number of some 100,000, paying the (absurdly small) sum of 20 drachmas apiece for them to their masters; how he then sent presents to Eleazar, the high priest at Jerusalem, and begged him to send six elders out of each tribe to translate the Law; how the 72 elders were sent, and magnificently entertained by Ptolemy, and were then set down to their work in the island of Pharos; and how in 72 days they completed the task assigned to them
John, Gospel of - Clement of Alexandria, in handing down ‘the tradition of the elders from the first,’ says that ‘John, last of all, having observed that the bodily things had been exhibited in the Gospels, exhorted by his friends and inspired by the Spirit, produced a spiritual gospel’ (Eus. ‘We know that his witness is true’ is probably intended as an endorsement on the part of certain Ephesian elders, whilst the ‘I suppose’ of John 1:25 may indicate yet another hand
Ascension of Isaiah - We have mention of pastors and elders (3:24, 29). There are lawless elders (3:24), and much hatred exists among the Church leaders (3:29)
Crimes And Punishments - ]'>[2] 19:16), and the spreading of a report known to be false (BC 23:1), are condemned, while in the more heinous case of a man slandering his newly-wedded wife, the elders of the city are to amerce him in an hundred shekels (D King, Kingship - The elders of Israel asked Samuel to give them a "king like the nations" around them (1 Samuel 8:20 a)
Heal, Health - James offers pastoral counsel for the sick: Send for elders of the church, who will encourage, advise, and intercede for the patient; if sin truly underlies the sickness, let the sick confess and receive forgiveness; let soothing oil, the universal panacea for all discomforts, be applied
Gideon - ...
Coming unexpectedly on the host which thought itself "secure" amidst their Bedouin countrymen at Karkor, in a third battle he defeated them and slew Zebah and Zalmunnah the two kings (emirs) after battle, in just retribution for their having slain his kingly brothers in cold blood at Tabor; then he taught by corporal punishment with thorns the elders of Succoth to know their error, and beat down the tower of Penuel
Ephesus - Paul’s pathetic address at Miletus to the elders of Ephesus (Acts 20:16-35), in which he recalls the leading features of his strenuous mission in the city-his tears and trials (Acts 20:19), his public and private teaching (Acts 20:20), his incessant spiritual and manual toil (Acts 20:31-34)-and declares himself pure from the blood of all men (Acts 20:26), presents as high an ideal of the ministerial vocation as has ever been conceived and recorded
Education (2) - ...
The disciples were employed in the study of the Oral Law—the Tradition of the elders (Matthew 15:2), which in those days was regarded with even greater veneration than the Written Law,** Keeping - For instance, we read that when the Pharisees and scribes asked Jesus why His disciples walked not according to the tradition of the elders, but ate their bread with defiled hands, He replied, ‘Full well do ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep (τηρέω) your tradition’ (Mark 7:9)
the Widow With the Two Mites - Tens and twenties of the finest young fellows in the city; arts, law, medical, and divinity students; young merchants, young bankers, young advocates, young tradesmen,-all tabling the income of their districts, and all received with the applause of the elders sitting around
the Bidden to the Reat Marriage Supper And Some of Their Excuses - And then the ministers and the elders will get such a refreshment and such a preparation from those two services that they will look round and will say to themselves:-Oh, why were so and so not here? What a blessing they have lost
Chronicles, Books of - by the Jewish elders who translated the Hebrew Old Testament into Greek, producing the Septuagint
mo'Ses - The seventy elders, and Eldad and Medad also, all "prophesied
Paul - In order to establish the churches after their departure they solemnly appointed "elders" in every city. At Miletus, however there was time to send to Ephesus, and the elders of the church were invited to come down to him there
Synagogue - The general management of the synagogue of a Jewish town, where it served also as a court of justice and in the smaller towns and villages at least as a school, was in the hands of the elders of the community
Corinth - The elders of the church had written to consult Paul on minor points: (1) meats offered to idols; (2) celibacy and marriage; (3) the proper use of spiritual gifts in public worship; (4) the collection for the saints at Jerusalem (1 Corinthians 16:1, etc
Ezekiel - )...
Telabib (Thelaba) was his "house," where the elders came to inquire of him God's communications (Ezekiel 3:15; Ezekiel 8:1)
Priest, Priesthood - Jethro, Moses' father-in-law and the priest of Midian, was also recognized as non-Israelite priest of the true God of Sinai by Moses, Aaron, and the elders of Israel (Exodus 2:16 ; 3:1 ; 18:1,10-12 )
Wages - Teaching elders in the churches are to be paid since "the worker deserves his wages" (1 Timothy 5:17-18 )
Joel, Theology of - First, the nature of the elders' prophesying may be atypical, there being nothing in Numbers to indicate that their prophecy was proclamation: furthermore, it is not clear that interpreters are correct in holding that this is in fact a real wish or hope on the part of Moses
the Angel of the Church in Smyrna - And then we are very thankful to possess a circular-letter which the elders of the Church of Smyrna sent round to the Seven Churches telling the brethren everywhere how well their old minister had played the man in the fire
Numbers, Book of - Then God bade him appoint seventy men, to be elders of the people, and officers over them, on whom He put of Moses' spirit
Prayer - , Peter for Tabitha (Acts 9:40), the elders (James 5:14-16)
Independents - ...
It appears from two confessions of faith, one composed by Robinson in behalf of the English Independents in Holland, and published at Leyden in 1619, entitled, Apologia pro Exulibus Anglis, qui Brownistae vulgo appellantur; and another drawn up in London in 1658, by the principal members of this community in England, entitled, "A Declaration of the Faith and Order owned and practised by the Congregational Churches in England, agreed upon and consented unto by their elders and Messengers, in their meeting at the Savoy, Oct
Apocrypha, New Testament - The Jews were amazed when they saw this, and went away and told their elders what they had seen Jesus do
James the Lord's Brother - The Scribes and the Pharisees were continually finding fault with James's Brother for His laxity in the traditions of the elders, and no man would feel that laxity so acutely as James would feel it
Praise - ’ The elders also lay down their crowns of victory before the Throne with their tribute of praise (Revelation 4:11): ‘Worthy art thou, our Lord and our God, to receive the glory and the honour and the power: for thou didst create all things, and because of thy will they were, and were created
Name (2) - In James 5:14 the elders of the Church are told to pray over the sick man, ‘anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord
Synods - Paul and Barnabas opposed this attempt; and after "no small dissension and disputation," it was determined, that the question should be referred to the judgment of the Apostles and elders at Jerusalem. Accordingly, some of the Apostles and several of the "elders came together" to deliberate on the propriety of dispensing with the ceremonial law
Mediation Mediator - The elders of Ephesus he urged ‘to feed the church of God’ (correct text), ‘which he purchased with his own blood’ (Acts 20:28), where at once the deity of Jesus is asserted and also the atoning nature of His death
Sympathy - He who watched the games of the children in the market-place, as they played at weddings and funerals (Matthew 11:17, Luke 7:32), and used their games as illustrations in His discourses, entered no less readily into the social pleasures of their elders
James, Epistle of - The type of organization implied is primitive, and is described mainly in Jewish phraseology: synagogue ( James 2:2 ), elders of the Church ( James 5:14 ), anointing with oil and the connexion of sin and sickness ( ib
Matthew, the Gospel of - Then, while He was teaching, the chief priests and elders challenged Him saying, “By what authority doest thou these things?” (Matthew 21:23 )
Testimony - Here the accuser and defender presented their cases before the town elders, who presided over the assembly as judges
Gestures - ), and of the Ephesian elders (Acts 20:37)
Confession - James records, it would seem, the practice of the Church in Jerusalem in relation to visits of the elders of the Church to sick persons whom they anointed with prayer; ‘Confess therefore your sins one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed’ (James 5:16)
Cup - Resting on such Levitical prescriptions as are to be found in Leviticus 11 and Numbers 31, the purification of vessels was carried to the furthest extreme of stringent requirement by ‘the tradition of the elders
the Man Who Cast Seed Into the Round And it Grew up he Knew Not How - And the seed that Mary, and Joseph, and the doctors in the temple, and the elders in the synagogue, all cast into that good ground sprang up, they knew not how
the Angel of the Church in Philadelphia - Hold fast, O all you ministers and elders and nurses and doctors! Hold fast as Dr
Wealth - ...
Peter too knows false teachers who are "experts in greed" (2 Peter 2:14 ) and commands elders not to be eager for money but for service (1 Peter 5:2 )
Zechariah, Prophecy of - The whole flock (nation) is given over to slaughter, and Jehovah takes up their cause, for their own shepherds (scribes, elders, rulers, priests) did not pity them
Matthias the Successor to Judas Iscariot - As one of our own elders once said when we were calling our young minister: "I would rather trust to those two capable men who know him and have heard him preach, than I would trust to my own ears
Nabal - Had he practised himself in going back upon Caleb and the inheritance he had got because of Caleb; had he taken his flocks and his herds, and all that he had, every sheep-shearing time, again from the hand of God; had he every night and every morning taken Abigail in all her understanding and all her beauty again from the hand of God; and had he prevented David's petition and sent him a share of the sheep-shearing feast before he asked for it-by all that, Nabal would have made himself a new heart, and he would have come down to us in as good a report as any of the elders of Israel
Judges, the Book of - The ability to write a description of the Succoth elders, 77 men, on the part of a young man taken at random implies it was no age of ignorance; contrast the Homeric age, in which only dubious traces of the existence of writing occur (Judges 8:14, margin)
Temple - From these dimensions we gather that if the priests and Levites and elders of families were disconsolate at seeing how much more sumptuous the old temple was than the one which on account of their poverty they had hardly been able to erect, ( Ezra 3:12 ) it certainly was not because it was smaller; but it may have been that the carving and the gold and the other ornaments of Solomon's temple far surpassed this, and the pillars of the portico and the veils may all have been far more splendid; so also probably were the vessels and all this is what a Jew would mourn over far more than mere architectural splendor
Sacrifices - This latter term usually implies that the flesh of the sacrifices was eaten by the worshippers, and accordingly we read that the elders did ‘eat and drink’ in the presence of God (Exodus 24:11)
Gifts - Paul himself, the fitness being authenticated to the Apostle by a prophetic oracle or message, and consecrated by a solemn act of benediction-the laying on of the hands of the body of elders
Saul - honour me now, I pray thee, before the elders of my people and before Israel" (John 5:44; John 12:43)
Paul's Blamelessness as a Minister - On that impressive sheet we are shown the situation of the church and the manse; the farm-towns where all Thomas Boston's elders lived who had a brow for a good cause; the hamlets also where he held his district prayer-meetings, and so on
Expediency - Paul reminds the elders of Ephesus that he had kept back nothing that was profitable (τῶν συμφερόντων) unto them
Miriam - Miriam had sat at the council-table with Moses and Aaron and the assembled elders of Israel
Predestination - ’ We also read that He showed ‘unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up’ (Matthew 16:21)
Pilate - ...
(1) According to Mark (Mark 14:53), the chief priests and scribes and elders, after Jesus had been brought from Gethsemane, led Him away to the high priest, in whose residence they all assembled
Paul - They returned by the same route to see and encourage the converts they had made, and ordain elders in every city to watch over the churches which had been gathered
Church - The method by which the Apostle reached his doctrine of the Church is best illustrated by his charge to the elders at Miletus to feed the flock of God over which the Holy Ghost had made them overseers ( Acts 20:28 )
Maccabees - In May 142Samimon was able to seize the citadel, and in September 141, at a great assembly of priests and people, and princes of the people, and elders of the land, he was elected to be high priest and military commander and civil governor of the Jews, ‘for ever until there should arise a faithful prophet
Jerusalem - Jerusalem's inhabitants are called "sons of Zion" (Lamentations 4:2 ), the "women of Zion" (Isaiah 3:16 ), and the "elders of the Daughter of Zion" (Lamentations 2:10 )
Priest - ...
They blew the "alarm" for marching, with the long silver trumpets which belonged to them in a special way (Numbers 10:1-8); two if the multitude was convened, one if a council of elders and princes (Numbers 10:10); with them the priest announced the beginning of solemn days and days of gladness, and summoned all to a penitential fast (Joel 2:1; Joel 2:15)
Jeremiah - Another Sabbath morning he takes his elders out to the valley beyond the city, and dashes an earthen vessel to pieces before their amazed and angry eyes, and that is all the sermon they get that morning
Acts of the Apostles - Paul and the Ephesian elders [16] which is told in the third person) until Jerusalem is reached and St
David - in His Services - For, instead of refusing to rise up and eat bread with the elders of his house, David was never in a happier frame of mind than he was all that night
Circumcision - The doctrine of the non-necessity of circumcision, he applies to the Jews as well as to the Gentiles, although he specially resists the attempts of the Judaizers to impose this rite upon the Gentile converts; in which he was supported by the decision of the Holy Spirit when the appeal upon this question was made to the "Apostles and elders at Jerusalem," from the church at Antioch
Preaching - Plato was living at this time, teaching dull philosophy to cold academics; but what was he, and what was Xenophon, or Demosthenes, or any of the Pagan orators, in comparison with these men? From this period to that of the appearance of Jesus Christ, public preaching was universal; synagogues were multiplied, vast numbers attended, and elders and rulers were appointed for the purpose of order and instruction
Division of the Earth - Moses refers to it, as handed down to the Israelites, "from the days of old, and the years of many generations; as they might learn from their fathers and their elders," and farther, as conveying a special grant of the land of Palestine, to be the lot of the twelve tribes of Israel:—...
"When the Most High divided to the nations their settlements, When he separated the sons of Adam, ...
He assigned the boundaries of the peoples [1] According to the number of the sons of Israel: For the portion of the Lord is his people, ...
Jacob is the lot of his inheritance," ...
Deuteronomy 32:7-9
Necessity - ’ From the time of Peter’s confession at (Caesrea Philippi, intimations of the necessity of the Passion and Resurrection become more frequent; ‘From that time began Jesus to show unto his disciples how that he must (δει) go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up’ (Matthew 16:21); ‘but first must (δεῖ) he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation’ (Luke 17:25); ‘Behoved it not (δὐκ ἐδει) the Christ to suffer these things, and to enter into his glory?’ (Luke 24:26)
Deuteronomy, Theology of - The document was thus entrusted to the levitical priests and the elders of Israel who, upon stated occasions, would release it for public reading
Timothy And Titus Epistles to - The dignity of the office demands that charges preferred against elders are not to be lightly received; though, if they be substantiated, the rebuke is to be public
Ezekiel, Theology of - ...
Next, he went into a secret room where the elders were worshiping images of animal gods (vv
Revelation of John, the - 6:13), refers to the 24 elders' seats mentioned in Revelation (Revelation 4:5) by John, also (Quis Dives Salvus? section 42) John's return to Ephesus from Patmos on the Roman emperor's death
James Epistle of - It is only incidentally that we hear of the ‘elders of the Church’ (James 5:14)-the only officials mentioned; and we infer, rather than are told, that the teaching office was not strictly regulated (James 3:1)
Gospel - And this refers to the observance not of one part of the Law but of the whole; what appealed to the conscience of men everywhere, ceremonial Judaism, and the tradition of the elders-all that νόμος means is included
Christian Life - Baptism, Lord’s Supper, ritual and worship in general, bishops and elders, the relation of St
John the Apostle - The former says that ‘all the elders associated with John the disciple of the Lord in Asia bear witness,’ and that he remained in Ephesus until the time of Trajan
Aaron - Aaron faced the elders of Israel, and scattered all their objections and all their fears as a rushing mighty wind scatters chaff; and the long struggle with Pharaoh and with his magicians lias surely been preserved to us by Aaron's eloquent pen
Heaven - The elders probably re-present those who are ‘perfected’ in the sense of Hebrews
Organization (2) - Paul mentions many offices in the Church (1 Corinthians 12:28, Ephesians 4:11), two orders only stand out clearly in the NT after the Apostles, that of the presbyters or elders, and that of the deacons
Death of Christ - So it was that as soon as Peter, in the presence of the other disciples, had confessed him as the Christ, Jesus "began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed" (Mark 8:31 ; cf
Synagogue - There were also chairs set for the elders and the scribes (Tôs
Marriage - If the survivor refuses, a formal declaration is to be made before the elders of the city, and the widow is to express her contempt by loosing his sandal and spitting in his face
Absolution - ” ’...
In the Presbyterian Churches the words ‘absolve’ and absolution’ are used only of the restoration to Communion by the minister and elders—i
Education in Bible Times - Parents and elders of the clan or extended family were responsible for the education of children
James And John, the Sons of Zebedee - And if Irenaeus derived from Papias not only the words of the elders but also the description which he gives of them, the words ‘non solum Joannem, sed et alios apostolos’ (Iren
Law - of the Sabbath, Matthew 12:1-14 ||s; of cleanness, Matthew 15:10-20 ||s)-or, at all events, of the interpretations recognized in the Synagogue (‘the traditions of the elders,’ Matthew 15:2 ff
Inspiration - And significantly in adducing the Law in contrast to the traditions of the elders, the highest human authority, He altogether neglects the human mediation of the writer, and simply says, ‘For God said’ (Matthew 15:4)
Acts of the Apostles - He could hardly have known that the Apostle’s expectation that he would not again see the Ephesian elders was falsified, or he would not have left Acts 20:38 without remark Caesarea Philippi - by their account of His attitude towards the traditions of the elders (Matthew 15:1-20, Mark 7:1-23)
Childhood - When we read, as we do, of boys playing in the synagogue during worship and causing annoyance to their elders, it interests us to recognize the counterpart of a familiar experience in modern times; but without taking anything from the naturalness of our Lord’s boyhood, it is impossible to think of Him in any such association
Birth of Christ - We read, for instance, in Acts 21:18, in one of the ‘We’ sections of that book: ‘And the day following Paul went in with us unto James; and all the elders were present
Esther - But what is the chaff to the wheat, if only you will let God cleanse you? These are they-the elders in heaven look down and say over you-who come up hither out of great tribulation! The chaff think that I am describing a monstrosity and an impossibility in my poor description of you
Priest - The ministers of a congregation, whether engaged in teaching or administration (1 Timothy 5:17), were called elders or presbyters, probably in imitation of the practice of the synagogue (Acts 11:30; Acts 14:23; Acts 15:2)
Elisha - " Seeing the executioner's approach Elisha said to the elders sitting with him to receive consolation and counsel, "this son of a murderer (i
Turning - Paul combines the two when he says to the elders of the Ephesian Church, as he sums up his ministry among them, that both to Jews and Greeks his testimony has been this: ‘repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ’ (Acts 20:21)
Grace - Without questioning his integrity or his strength of character, God immediately gives Moses a solution to his problem by appointing seventy of the elders of Israel to help him carry the burden of the people, "so that you will not have to carry it alone" (v
Eschatology (2) - ]'>[14] And the ‘Law’ meant not simply the legal precepts of the Pentateuch (in particular the Priestly Code), it meant the ‘tradition’ of the elders
Gospels (2) - In this case the audience was composed of Christian elders; and it may be that a true instinct led the early preachers, in addressing the unconverted, to dwell on the Woes rather than on the Beatitudes
Heaven - The elders probably re-present those who are ‘perfected’ in the sense of Hebrews
Lord's Supper (ii) - It must be remembered that (α) the idea of communion with God by means of a sacred meal was familiar, as in many religious rites outside Judaism, so also in the literature and the religion which were well known to the disciples, as shown in the Levitical peace-offerings with the threefold division into the portion for God, the portion for the priest, and the portion for the worshipper (Leviticus 3; Leviticus 7:29-34); the bread and wine brought forth by Melchizedek, the ‘priest of God Most High’ (Genesis 14:18); the eating of the lamb in the Passover (Exodus 12); the meal of Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders in the presence of God (Exodus 24:1-11); the prophecy by Isaiah of the feast to be made by the Lord of hosts (Isaiah 25:6); and the invitations to a meal evidently of profound spiritual significance given by the personified ‘Wisdom’ of the Sapiential books (Proverbs 9:1-5, Sirach 24:19-21)
Boyhood of Jesus - ...
‘Stand thou in the multitude of the elders;...
And whoso is wise, cleave thou unto him,...
Be willing to listen to every godly discourse;...
And let not the proverbs of understanding escape thee
Innocentius, Bishop of Rome - James's direction that the sick are to call for the elders of the church does not preclude the bishop from administering the unction; but not only priests, but any Christian may anoint, using chrism prepared by the bishop
Announcements of Death - Matthew says that ‘from that time began Jesus to show unto his disciples how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up’ (Matthew 16:21)
Methodists - They preside in the annual and general conferences, station the preachers, with (by established usage) the counsel of the presiding elders, and are jointly and severally responsible to the general conference for their administration and conduct
Elijah - Puffed up with the success of his war with Syria, and forgetting the Lord who had given him victory (1 Kings 20), Ahab by Jezebel's wicked hardihood, after vainly trying to get from Naboth the inheritance of his fathers, had him and his sons (2 Kings 9:26, compare Joshua 7:24) slain for falsely alleged blasphemy, and seized his property as that of a criminal forfeited to the crown; the elders of Jezreel lending themselves to be Jezebel's ready instruments
Atonement - To the Ephesian elders at Miletus be speaks about ‘the Church of God, which he purchased with his own blood’ (Acts 20:28)
Gospels - Clement of Alexandria accounts for the fact of the differences by a solution which he says he derived from ‘the ancient elders,’ namely, that John, seeing that the external (lit
Law - We read that Moses found it necessary to devolve some of this administrative work upon various elders, whom he associated with himself in the capacity of law-givers
Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - " Many others could be included in this list of those who exercised this gift prior to the days of Samuel, including Moses, Aaron, Miriam (Exodus 15:20 ), Eldad, Medad, the seventy elders (Numbers 11:24-29 ), Balaam (Numbers 21-24 ), Deborah (Judges 4:4 ), and Minoah and his wife (Judges 13:3,10,21 )
Education - One game consisted in imitating their elders at marriages and funerals (Matthew 11:16 f
Ethics (2) - But we also find explicit remonstrances against the ‘traditions of the elders’ so dear to the scribes (Mark 7:5; Mark 7:9; Mark 7:13); He characterizes them summarily as the ‘prescriptions’ (Authorized and Revised Versions ‘tradition’) of men (Mark 7:8), thus contrasting them with the commandments of God
Clement of Rome, Epistle of - Let us reverence rulers, honour elders, and train our families to do the same (xxi
Authority in Religion - And, as is well known, it was His resistance in word and deed to the traditions of the elders regarding the Sabbath—these being ‘beside’ God’s word—that earned for Him, with the Pharisees, the odium of being Himself a Sabbath-breaker (John 5, Matthew 12, Mark 3)
Arabia - But perhaps their sense of perfect equality in the mind of their chief could not be more forcibly shown, than in the share they took in the objects which appeared to interest his feelings; and as I looked from the elders or leaders of the people, seated immediately around him, to the circles beyond circles of brilliant faces, bending eagerly toward him and his guest, (all, from the most respectably clad to those with hardly a garment covering their active limbs, earnest to evince some attention to the stranger he bade welcome,) I thought I had never before seen so complete an assemblage of fine and animated countenances, both old and young: nor could I suppose a better specimen of the still existing state of the true Arab; nor a more lively picture of the scene which must have presented itself, ages ago, in the fields of Haran, when Terah sat in his tent door, surrounded by his sons, and his sons' sons, and the people born in his house
Moses - ...
At length, when the oppression of the Israelites was come to the full, and they cried to God for succour, and the king was dead, and all the men in Egypt that sought his life, "the God of glory" appeared to Moses in a flame of fire, from the midst of a bush, and announced himself as "the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob," under the titles of Jahoh and AEhjeh, expressive of his unity and sameness; and commissioned him first to make known to the Israelites the divine will for their deliverance; and next to go with the elders of Israel to Pharaoh, requiring him, in the name of "the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, to suffer the people to go three, days' journey into the wilderness, to sacrifice unto the Lord their God," after such sacrifices had been long intermitted during their bondage; for the Egyptians had sunk into bestial polytheism, and would have stoned them, had they attempted to sacrifice to their principal divinities, the apis, or bull, &c, in the land itself: foretelling, also, the opposition they would meet with from the king, the mighty signs and wonders that would finally compel his assent, and their spoiling of the Egyptians, by asking or demanding of them (not borrowing) jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment, (by way of wages or compensation for their services,) as originally declared to Abraham, that "they should go out from thence with great substance,"...
Genesis 15:14 ; Exodus 2:23-25 ; Exodus 3:2-22 ; Exodus 8:25-26
Hermas, Known as the Shepherd - He appears to use ἐπίσκοπος as synonymous with πρεσβύτερος and always speaks of the government of the church as in the hands of the elders, without hinting that one elder enjoyed authority over others
Clemens Romanus of Rome - He represents himself as commissioned to write for Clement the book of his Visions in order that Clement might send it to foreign cities, that being his function; while Hermas himself was to read the Vision at Rome with the elders who presided over the church
Tertullianus, Quintus Septimius Florens - Our presidents are elders of approved character, who have obtained this honour not by purchase but by desert