What does Wages mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
שְׂכָרִ֖י hire 3
μισθοῦ dues paid for work. 2
מַשְׂכֻּרְתִּ֖י wages. 2
וְשֹׂכֵ֥ר to hire. 1
שְׂכַ֤ר hire 1
שְׂכָרֶ֔ךָ hire 1
שְׂכָרִֽי hire 1
שְׂכָרְךָ֛ hire 1
שְׂכָרִ֔י hire 1
שָׂכָ֖ר hire 1
וְ֠שָׂכָר hire 1
שְׂכָרֵ֑ךְ hire 1
שְׂכָר֜וֹ hire 1
שֶׂ֖כֶר hire 1
מִשְׂתַּכֵּ֖ר to hire. 1
μισθόν dues paid for work. 1
וְהַ֨מִּשְׂתַּכֵּ֔ר to hire. 1
פְּעֻלַּ֥ת work 1
פָעֳלֽוֹ work 1
אֶתֵּ֣ן to give 1
؟ מַּשְׂכֻּרְתֶּֽךָ wages. 1
וִיגִיעֲכֶ֖ם toil 1
חִנָּ֔ם freely 1
אֶתְנַ֨ן hire of prostitute 1
אֶתְנָ֥ה hire 1
ὀψώνια a soldier’s pay 1
ὀψωνίοις a soldier’s pay 1
תְּבוּאַ֖ת produce 1

Definitions Related to Wages

H7939


   1 hire, Wages.
      1a Wages.
      1b reward, pay.
      1c fare, fee, passage-money.
      

H7936


   1 to hire.
      1a (Qal) to hire.
      1b (Niphal) to hire oneself out.
      1c (Hithpael) to earn Wages.
      

G3408


   1 dues paid for work.
      1a Wages, hire.
   2 reward: used of the fruit naturally resulting from toils and endeavours.
      2a in both senses, rewards and punishments.
      2b of the rewards which God bestows, or will bestow, upon good deeds and endeavours.
      2c of punishments.
      

H4909


   1 Wages.
   

H3018


   1 toil, work.
   2 product, produce, acquired property (as a result of work).
   

G3800


   1 a soldier’s pay, allowance.
      1a that part of the soldier’s support given in place of pay [i.e. rations] and the money in which he is paid.
   2 metaph. Wages: hire or pay of sin.
   

H8393


   1 produce, product, revenue.
      1a product, yield, crops (of the earth usually).
      1b income, revenue.
      1c gain (of wisdom) (fig).
      1d product of lips (fig).
      

H6468


   1 work, recompense, reward.
      1a work.
      1b Wages.
      

H6467


   1 work, deed, doing.
      1a deed, thing done.
      1b work, thing made.
      1c Wages of work.
      1d acquisition (of treasure).
      

H2600


   1 freely, for nothing, without cause.
      1a gratis, gratuitously, for nothing.
      1b for no purpose, in vain.
      1c gratuitously, without cause, undeservedly.
      

H5414


   1 to give, put, set.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to give, bestow, grant, permit, ascribe, employ, devote, consecrate, dedicate, pay Wages, sell, exchange, lend, commit, entrust, give over, deliver up, yield produce, occasion, produce, requite to, report, mention, utter, stretch out, extend.
         1a2 to put, set, put on, put upon, set, appoint, assign, designate.
         1a3 to make, constitute.
      1b (Niphal).
         1b1 to be given, be bestowed, be provided, be entrusted to, be granted to, be permitted, be issued, be published, be uttered, be assigned.
         1b2 to be set, be put, be made, be inflicted.
      1c (Hophal).
         1c1 to be given, be bestowed, be given up, be delivered up.
         1c2 to be put upon.
         

H7938


   1 hire, Wages.
   

H866


   1 hire, price (of a harlot).
   2 (TWOT) reward.
   

H868


   1 hire of prostitute, price.
      1a hire (of harlot).
      1b of idolatrous Israel, Jerusalem, Tyre (fig.
      ).
      

Frequency of Wages (original languages)

Frequency of Wages (English)

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Wages
WAGES . Under the conditions of life in Palestine in OT times, work on the land, at all times the chief occupation, was done for the most part by the peasant and his family, assisted, in the case of the well-to-do, by a few slaves. The ‘hired servants’ were never numerous, and mainly aliens. We have no information as to the wages of such field-labourers. Deuteronomy 15:18 seems to say that a hireling cost the farmer twice as much as a slave, and since the latter received only his keep and his few clothes, it follows that the former will have earned the equivalent thereof, over and above, in wages. The first definite engagement disregarding the special case of Jacob and Laban with stipulated wages is that of the Levite whom Micah hired as his domestic chaplain for 10 shekels a year, with ‘a suit of apparel’ and his ‘victuals’ ( Judges 17:10 ). The next instance is Tobit’s engagement of the angel Raphael as his son’s travelling-companion for a drachm a day and all found ( Tob 5:14 ). This amount in Tobit’s day nearly a shilling would probably be equal in purchasing power to three shillings at the present day. From the NT we have the familiar case of the labourers in the vineyard who received a denarius for their day’s labour ( Matthew 20:1 ff.; see Money, §§ 6 , 7 ( b )).
Information is now available as to the wages of different classes of ‘hirelings,’ from doctors to tailors, in Babylonia c [1] . b.c. 2000, from the Code of Hammurabi (see Hastings’ DB [1]1 , Ext. Vol. 592 f., 606 f.; S. A. Cook, The Laws of Moses and the Code of Hammurabi , 171 ff.), but it is perilous to compare too closely the highly developed social conditions of Babylonia, even at this early period, with the simpler forms of Hebrew life, say under the monarchy. A still better reflexion of the actual conditions of labour in the valley of the Euphrates is found in the numerous written contracts that have been deciphered in recent years, a specimen of which will be given below (see esp. Johns, Bab. [3] and Assyr. [4] Laws , ch. xxv. ‘Wages of Hired Labourers’; Meissner, Aus d. altbab. Recht , 13 f.). The Code of Hammurabi (§ 273) enacts that a field labourer shall receive from the beginning of the year (April) to the fifth month the period of longer days and harvest operations 6 she (180 she = 1 shekel) per day; and from the sixth month to the end, 5 she . At best this is only a shekel a month; but, according to Meissner, this early introduction of a ‘standard wage’ did not lead to a rise of wages, for only on very rare occasions do these exceed 6 shekels a year in addition to food and clothing. It was customary to give a sum, probably a shekel, as earnest-money, the remainder being paid at stipulated intervals, daily or monthly, or in a lump sum at the expiry of the engagement.
Brickmakers and tailors are to receive 5 she a day (§ 274), and herdsmen the name nâqîd is the Babylonian form of that denoting the occupation of Amos, the prophet 8 gur of corn a year, the gur being worth probably about a shekel. In other cases as well, it was customary to pay in grain, Frequently, as has been said, a written contract was drawn up, specifying the wages and the period of engagement. An example may be given from Meissner ( op. cit . 14):
‘Asir-Ramman, the son of Libit Urra, has hired Shamash-bel-ili from the priestess of the sun, Achatani, the daughter of Shamash-khazir, for one year. He will pay 3 1 / 2 shekels as yearly wages. He will find his own clothes. He will begin work on the 4th of the month Dur-Ramman, and will finish and leave in the month Mamitu.’
In OT times we hear also of yearly engagements (Leviticus 25:53 ), but the Deuteronomic Law enjoins daily payment of wages, in cases of poverty at least ( Deuteronomy 24:15 , cf. Leviticus 19:13 ). Details of the conditions of hire and the mutual obligations of master and servant at a much later period are to be found in the Mishna (see esp. Baba mezîa , vi. and vii.).
A. R. S. Kennedy.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Wages
Rate of (mention only in Matthew 20:2 ); to be punctually paid (Leviticus 19:13 ; Deuteronomy 24:14,15 ); judgements threatened against the withholding of (Jeremiah 22:13 ; Malachi 3:5 ; Compare James 5:4 ); paid in money (Matthew 20:1-14 ); to Jacob in kind (Genesis 29:15,20 ; 30:28 ; 31:7,8,41 ).
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Wages
The earliest mention of wages is of a recompense, not in money, but in kind, to Jacob from Laban. (Genesis 29:15,20 ; 30:28 ; 31:7,8,41 ) In Egypt money payments by way of wages were in use, but the terms cannot now be ascertained. (Exodus 2:9 ) The only mention of the rate of wages in Scripture is found in the parable of the householder and the vineyard, (Matthew 20:2 ) where the laborer's wages was set at one denarius per day, probably 15 to 17 cents, a sum which may be fairly taken as equivalent to the denarius, and to the usual pay of a soldier (ten asses per diem) in the later days of the Roman republic. Tac. Ann. i. 17; Polyb. vi. 39. In earlier times it is probable that the rate was lower; but it is likely that laborers, and also soldiers, were supplied with provisions. The law was very strict in requiring daily payment of wages. (Leviticus 19:13 ; 24:14,15) The employer who refused to give his-laborers sufficient victuals is censured (Job 22:11 ) and the iniquity of withholding wages is denounced. (Jeremiah 22:13 ; Malachi 3:5 ; James 6:4 )
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Wages
Paid by Laban to Jacob in kind (Genesis 29:15; Genesis 29:20; Genesis 30:28; Genesis 31:7-8; Genesis 31:41; "I served 14 years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle".) The labourer's daily wages (misthos ) in Matthew 20 are set at one denarius ("penny") a day, 7 3/4 d. of our money; compare Tobit 5:14, "a drachm." The term opsoonia for "wages" (Luke 3:14) and Paul's words, 2 Corinthians 11:8 (opsoonion ), "charges," 1 Corinthians 9:7, imply that provisions were part of a soldier's wages. They should be paid every night (Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; compare Job 24:11; James 5:4; Jeremiah 22:13; Malachi 3:5); spiritually, John 4:36; Romans 6:28.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Wages
WAGES.—1. ὀψώνιον is the technical term for a soldier’s pay, and occurs only in Luke 3:14. ‘From a root πεπ we get ἕψω, ὄψον, “cooked” meat, fish, etc., as contrasted with bread. Hence the compound ὀψώνιον (ὠνέομαι, “to buy”) = (1) provision money, ration money, or the rations in kind given to troops. (2) In a more general sense, “wages” ’ (Sanday-Headlam on Romans 6:23). In the time of Julius Caesar, a foot soldier received ⅔ of a denarius a day. This was increased by Augustus. John the Baptist bids the soldiers (probably those engaged in police duty connected with the customs) abstain from adding to their wages by extortion through violence, threats, or false accusations.
2. μισθὁς is the ordinary term for wages, and is translated indifferently throughout the Gospels as ‘wages,’ ‘reward,’ ‘hire.’ The labourers in the parable hire themselves for a denarius a day (Matthew 20:8). That was a fairly generous rate for such work (cf. Tobit 5:14). The denarius was equivalent in money value to 9½d., and in purchasing value to about 2s. (see artt. ‘Money,’ § 8, and [1] ‘Wages’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible ).
The analogy of service and wages is freely used by Jesus in His teaching; but it is not so much the receipt of wages that rules the thought as the quarter whence they come. The labourer is always worthy of his hire, but what that will be depends upon whether he is serving the world or God. The Pharisee is really the world’s hireling, and receives his wages from it, viz. honour, consideration, power, wealth, and not from God, whom nominally he serves (Matthew 6:2; Matthew 6:5; Matthew 6:18). But those persecuted for righteousness’ sake (Matthew 5:11), those whose religious obedience is unobtrusive and self-forgetting (Matthew 6:4; Matthew 6:6; Matthew 6:18), those who help any of God’s servants and do them a kindness for His sake (Matthew 10:41-42, Mark 9:41), those who go beyond the world’s self-regarding way, and love their enemies, and do good and lend, hoping for nothing again (Luke 6:35, Matthew 5:45-46), are servants of the unseen Father. Their wages are not counted out to them in the world’s coin; they receive the Father’s open acknowledgment and gather fruit unto life eternal (Matthew 6:4; Matthew 6:6; Matthew 6:18, John 4:36).
Jesus’ remark that the labourer is worthy of his hire, or of his meat (Luke 10:7, cf. Matthew 10:10), probably a quotation of a common proverb, is of a different order. It is an encouragement to His disciples to accept hospitality, in their missionary journeys, from those to whom they have ministered in spiritual enlightenment.
Literature.—The vols. on the Parables, esp. Bruce, Parabolic Teaching, 178; Phillips Brooks, New Starts in Life, p. 1; Griffith Jones, The Economics of Jesus (1905); Expos, i. iii. (1876) 81, 427; ExpT [2] v. (1894) 549.
Richard Glaister.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Wages
The terms of employment or compensation for services rendered encompass the meaning of the Hebrew and Greek words. Their usage in the text applies to commercial activities and labor service, as well as judgmental recompense for one's actions in life.
In a mixed economy of agriculture and pastoralism without coined money, wages often included little more than meals and a place of employment (Compare Job 7:2 ; John 10:12 ). Still, a skilled shepherd, like Jacob, might receive a portion of the flock and thus begin his own herd (Genesis 30:32-33 ; Genesis 31:8 ; and legal texts from both Assyria and Babylonia). No fixed wage was set for farm laborers. They may have received a portion of the harvest (John 4:36 ), or, as in Matthew 20:1-8 an agreed upon daily wage. By law, these landless workers were to be paid at the end of each day for their efforts ( Leviticus 19:13 ; Deuteronomy 24:14-15 ). Texts mention enough instances of fraud, however, to suggest that this group was often cheated out of their wages (Jeremiah 22:13 ; Malachi 3:5 ; James 5:4 ).
Kings hired mercenary troops to fight their wars (Judges 9:4 ; 2 Samuel 10:6 ) and employed skilled laborers, along with slaves and unpaid draftees, to build and decorate their palaces and temples (1 Kings 5:6-17 ; Isaiah 46:6 ; 2 Chronicles 24:11-12 ). The services of priests (Judges 18:4 ). Malachi 1:10 ) and the advice of elders (Ezra 4:5 ; 1 Timothy 5:17-18 ) were obtained for gold or silver at fees to match their abilities. The authority of prophets could also be purchased. Balaam, for example, was paid “fees for divination” in exchange for his cursing of Israel (Numbers 22:7 ), and Shemaiah was hired by Sanballat to trap Nehemiah with a false prophecy (Nehemiah 6:10-13 ).
Theological usage of these terms promises God's reward for the faithful (Genesis 15:1 ) and proper recompense for His people Israel (Isaiah 40:10 ; Isaiah 62:11 ). His justice also ensured that the reward of the unrighteous was equal to their crimes (Psalm 109:20 ; Romans 6:23 ; 2 Peter 2:15 ). See Commerce ; Economic Life ; Slavery.
Victor H. Matthews
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Wages
Payment given for services rendered. The semantic field of this term is usually found in economic contexts, where payment means some type of monetary compensation. During earlier periods payments would be made as a result of barter arrangements, where goods (cattle, food, etc.) would be given in exchange for work (Genesis 30:32 ; 38:16-17 ). As culture evolved the use of standardized forms and weights of metals such as gold and silver were substituted for goods because of convenience and efficiency. It was not until the Persian period that coins came into common use as currency. The price for service was usually set in advance as a result of an agreement between the employer and employee. The time allotted for work could be as short as a day (Deuteronomy 24:15 ) or as long as a year (Isaiah 16:14 ).
The Old Testament . The first explicit mention of the term for wage in the Bible occurs in a theological context. After humanity's rebellion against God and the consequent catastrophic judgments of the fall, the deluge, and Babel, God calls Abram to be the bearer of salvation for the world. A threefold promise is made to him, ensuring a relationship with God, descendants, and land. Abram obeys the divine call, leaving Mesopotamia for Canaan, but requires a sign that the promise is to be fulfilled. His aged wife is still childless, the land is occupied, and consequently the relationship with God is threatened. In Genesis 15 God gives the sign by formally ratifying a covenant with Abram guaranteeing both descendants and land. The text is introduced by a formal announcement declaring that there is no need for doubt or fear since God himself will be Abram's shield of protection and his "very large wage" ( sakar [ Genesis 23 ).
If the Abram story stresses the goodness of God in rewarding faith and obedience, the ensuing narrative demonstrates what it is like for Israel to serve a hard taskmaster. Jacob has his wages changed ten times by a deceitful Laban, who simply wishes to exploit his son-in-law (Genesis 28-31 ). This "Mesopotamian exile" is a prelude to Israel's oppressive sojourn in Egypt, where a tyrannical Pharaoh pays her the "wages" of a slave (Exodus 1-3 ). In both situations God overrules these despots and Israel makes an exodus from each location laden with wealth and riches (Genesis 30:43 ; Exodus 12:35-36 ).
When Israel is formally constituted as a nation at Sinai, some of the laws given to her are specifically concerned with wages. In Israelite society the wage-earning class was small, placed on the social scale somewhere between land owners and slaves. Consequently, hired laborers could be classed with the personae miserabiles, the widow, orphan, and stranger. Working for wages was often the only way members of this class could support themselves. But they could be easily exploited, and were totally dependent on a daily wage. It was required, therefore, that hired servants receive a wage promptly. If this did not happen, they could have recourse to God, who was passionately concerned about such matters, and it would be reckoned as a sin against the employer (Deuteronomy 24:15 , ; cf. Exodus 22:14 ). Moreover, the law intended to prevent the Israelite legal system from corruption. Judges had to be persons of integrity. They were not only to refuse to take unjust wages or "bribes" but to hate them (Exodus 18:21 ). Other wages were regarded as unjust by virtue of the way they were acquired (e.g., through prostitution) and therefore could not be offered to the sanctuary (Deuteronomy 23:19 ).
The narrative of the conquest relates God's reward to his people, fulfilling the promise of the gift of land. Israel thrives and is prosperous in the land, but there is the constant temptation to assume that the fertility deities of the Canaanites are the ones responsible for making the land productive and the population numerous. Hosea's verdict at a later time is true also of the period of the judges: "She has not acknowledged I was the one who gave her the grain, the new wine and oil, who lavished on her the silver and gold" (2:8). Consequently idolatry is common, which results in material gain becoming the paramount concern of the people, especially the leaders. The moral nadir of this period occurs when Eli is high priest and his sons exploit their position to gratify their material and sensual lusts (1 Samuel 1-2 ). Samuel's birth means the dawn of a new era in which God will intervene to bring justice, one consequence being that the wealthy will be humbled to the status of hired servants in order to earn a few scraps of food (1 Samuel 2:5 ). The Elide priesthood is judged harshly, but the new order evolves slowly. Even the new leader, Samuel, has sons who are more concerned with material gain than justice (1 Samuel 8:3 ). One of the few bright moments during the dark days of the judges is reflected in the story of Ruth, a Moabite widow, who faithfully determines to help her widowed Israelite mother-in-law. She merits the blessing of Boaz, who believes that Yahweh is a good God, who will fully pay her wages (Ruth 2:12 ).
The experience of kingship is generally negative for Israel. The kings become harsh taskmasters whose reign results in oppressive taxes (1 Samuel 8:11-18 , ; cf. 1 Kings 12:1-17 ) and the exploitation of workers (Jeremiah 22:13 ). Few are the rulers who, like Josiah, protected the powerless from the powerful; the majority are like his son, whose life was obsessed with making a profit through oppression and extortion (Jeremiah 22:16-17 ). Forced labor of the corvée becomes a characteristic of oppressive regimes, as does the exploitation of the personae miserabiles . Such economic oppression is accompanied by idolatry.
The prophets relate how an idolatrous society quickly became corrupt, as the focus was placed on material gain rather than on a relationship with Yahweh and neighbor. Children, who were regarded as God's reward to his people (Psalm 127:3 ), could be offered up as sacrifices to a nature god (Micah 6:7 ). Amos criticizes the merchants who use dishonest measures to increase their wages, and who cannot wait for the Sabbath to end in order to resume their exploitive businesses (8:5-6). Micah laments that Judah's "leaders judge for a bribe, her priests teach for a price, and her prophets tell fortunes for money" (3:11). A century later the situation is more critical. "From the least to the greatest, all are greedy for gain" (Jeremiah 6:13 ; 8:10 ). The moral consequence is hideous as justice is perverted and people are treated like commodities, especially the personae miserabiles . Judah suffers the same fate as her sister, the northern kingdom of Israel, had experienced a few centuries earlier. The Assyrians laid Israel waste as the prophets predicted, and the Babylonians destroyed Judah, demonstrating clearly the principle that the wages for serving a false god are quite different than those obtained from serving Yahweh. Instead of having land, the people live in exile; instead of numerous descendants, the population has been decimated. And the razed temple demonstrates what has happened to the relationship with Yahweh. To use the metaphor of marriage, the people have been divorced from their Divine Husband (Isaiah 50:1 ). In exile the people can be described simply as dead (Ezekiel 37 ).
It is during the exile that Israel hears a new word of hope. She is going to be liberated by a foreign king who will work for Yahweh without a wage (Isaiah 45:13 ). Israel is called to believe that Yahweh is for her even in the midst of judgment. In fact, the time of her hard service of judgment is over; she has paid double for all her sins (Isaiah 40:2 ). She can now come to Yahweh and purchase milk and wine without paying a fee (Isaiah 55:1 ). God is depicted as a shepherd leading his sheep home to Judah from Babylon; the prophet switches the metaphor to describe God as a strong liberator who brings wages to distribute to his people: the wages of grace and salvation (Isaiah 40:10-11 ; 62:11 ). This is a word of life from death (Ezekiel 37 ) and means not only a return to the land, but an increase in population (Isaiah 54 ) and a restoration of the relationship with the Lord (Isaiah 49:14-16 ; 62:3-5 ).
During the times of blessing and judgment on Israel, the wisdom tradition contributed its perspective on the issues of wages and reward. Proverbs repeatedly condemns the pursuit of profit for its own sake and stresses the inextricable relation between actions and consequences. A theme in Ecclesiastes is that there is no profit to be made in anything in life (1:3; 2:11,13; 3:9; 5:15); yet, in contrast to Grecian thought, Ecclesiastes encourages faith instead of moral licence. But the Book of Job is the book that deals principally with the issue of wages or rewards: Satan's accusation against Job is that he serves God for "a good wage" (1:9-11). It is because Job has been so richly blessed that he serves God, says Satan. But an important message of the book is that Lord himself is the believer's reward. Job eventually learns this in his vision of God (38-42).
Toward the end of the Old Testament period, when Israel returned to the land, the people again lost the divine focus as they became preoccupied with material comforts. They were more concerned with their own work than the temple and earned wages only to put them in torn purses (Haggai 1:6 ). They began to question God's goodness: "It is futile to serve God. What did we gain by carrying out his requirements?" (Malachi 3:14 ). It is on such a bleak note that the Old Testament ends.
The New Testament . The stress on wages and rewards is an important religious concern in the Judaism of Jesus' time. It forms the background to the Sermon on the Mount, in which Jesus emphasizes that those for whom religion is an external form already have their reward, while the true disciple will receive in secret a wage from God (Matthew 6:1-4,5-6,16-18 ; 5:12,46 ). When Jesus commissions the twelve disciples to preach throughout Israel, they are urged not to take money with them; it is expected that they will be paid by those to whom they minister, for "the worker is worth his keep" (Matthew 10:10 ). In some of his parables Jesus instructed his disciples to be diligent about their calling since a day of judgment would reward the righteous as well as recompense the unrighteous (Matthew 24:45-51 ; 25:14-30,31-46 ).
But overshadowing all of this is Jesus' announcement of the gospel. The poor are richly rewarded because they can now be members of God's kingdom even though they have no money. God's incredible grace is lavished on all who are mired in spiritual debt. The parable of the unforgiving servant demonstrates that all are deeply in debt to God; all debts that human beings owe to each other are trivial in comparison. Consequently God's act of forgiveness should stimulate believers to forgive each other (Matthew 18:21-35 ). The parable of the workers in the vineyard shows that God is in the business of hiring employees until the very end of the working day. The fact that all receive the same wage teaches that it is a privilege even to work for God. The payment is not calculated on the basis of performance but is purely gracious (Matthew 20:1-16 ).
In the epistles Paul stresses the importance of wages. Practically, he argues that those who minister the gospel are entitled to a monetary payment, just as people are paid for work done in the secular sphere (1 Corinthians 9:7 ). He himself received similar support on occasion (2 Corinthians 11:8 ). Teaching elders in the churches are to be paid since "the worker deserves his wages" (1 Timothy 5:17-18 ). Moreover, the gospel affects the working lives of all those who embrace it. Slaves must primarily work for their Lord, not their human master, since it is he who will pay them the wage that really matters (Colossians 3:22-25 ); masters need to remember that unpaid wages scream out to God for justice (James 5:4 ). On the judgment day all will appear before the throne of Christ to receive "final payment" (Romans 2:6-8 ; cf. 1 Corinthians 3:8 ; 2 Corinthians 5:10 ; Revelation 20:11-15 ).
This practical and sober teaching is balanced by exhilarating good news. There is a radical difference in the human condition apart from and in Christ. Satan is a hard taskmaster, doling out the wages of death for sin (Romans 6:23 ), but God is a loving Father who lavishes believers with the gifts of life and adoption and promises an infinitely rich inheritance—all things! (1 Corinthians 3:22-23 ; Ephesians 1:5-12 ). God is immeasurably rich in mercy (Ephesians 2:4 )! As proof he has offered up Christ as a payment for humanity's sins, and given believers a downpayment of their gracious wage to come in the presence of the Holy Spirit who takes up residence within them (2 Corinthians 1:22 ; 5:5 ; Ephesians 1:14 ). They now await the time of the full payment of the Spirit without measure, when they will enter the glorious liberty of the children of God (Romans 8:21 ), experience the beatific vision, and partake of the divine nature (Revelation 22:4 ), God himself being their exceeding great reward (Genesis 15:1 ). All previous experience of the Lord will be regarded as so much hearsay. Until then, believers are encouraged with the promise that "no eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him" (1 Corinthians 2:9 ).
Stephen G. Dempster
See also Money ; Reward ; Wealth ; Work
Bibliography . P. Barrios, IDB, 4:795; O. Becker, NIDNTT, 3:144-45; P. Bottger, NIDNTT, 3:134-36; M. Dandamaev, ABD, 6:58-65; P. Davies, IDB, 4:71-77; G. Goosen, The Theology of Work ; D. E. Gowan, Int 41 (1987): 341-53; N. K. Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh ; H. Hamburger, IDB, 4:423-35; B. Malina, Int 41 (1987): 354-67; I. Mendelsohn, BASOR 143 (1956): 17-22; H. Preisker and E. Wurthwein, TDNT, 4:695-728; R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel: Social Institutions ; H. E. von Waldrow, CBQ 32 (1970): 182-204; C. Wiener, Dictionary of Biblical Theology , pp. 505-8; C. H. J. Wright, God's People in God's Land: Family, Land and Property in the Old Testament .
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Wages
Haggai 1:6 (a) This is a reference to the results obtained from labor which in this case are not permanent. The wages are lost instead of saved because they are not invested for the glory of GOD.
John 4:36 (b) It refers to the eternal rewards which will be given to those who work for the Lord in His service. The reward of the wicked is found in Romans 6:23.
2 Peter 2:15 (b) Here we see the results of living a wicked life. It describes the satisfaction that is received by the sinner from yielding to evil desires. (See Romans 6:23).
Webster's Dictionary - Wages
(1):
(n.) A compensation given to a hired person for services; price paid for labor; recompense; hire. See Wage, n., 2.
(2):
(n. pl.) The share of the annual product or national dividend which goes as a reward to labor, as distinct from the remuneration received by capital in its various forms. This economic or technical sense of the word wages is broader than the current sense, and includes not only amounts actually paid to laborers, but the remuneration obtained by those who sell the products of their own work, and the wages of superintendence or management, which are earned by skill in directing the work of others.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Wages
The law and the gospel both require the full and prompt payment of a just equivalent for all services rendered according to agreement, Leviticus 19:13 Jeremiah 22:13 James 5:4 . Eternal death is the wages or just recompense of sin; while eternal life is not a recompense earned by obedience, but a sovereign gift of God, Romans 6:22-23 .
King James Dictionary - Wages
WAGES, n. plural in termination, but singular in signification.
1. Hire reward that which is paid or stipulated for services but chiefly for services by manual labor, or for military and naval services. We speak of servants wages, a laborers wages, or soldiers wages but we never apply the word to the rewards given to men in office, which are called fees or salary. The word is however sometimes applied to the compensation given to representatives in the legislature. U. States Tell me, what shall thy wages be? Genesis 29 .
Be content with your wages. Luke 3 .
2. Reward fruit recompense that which is given or received in return. The wages of sin is death. Romans 6 .
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Wages
1: ὀψώνιον (Strong's #3800 — Noun Neuter — opsonion — op-so'-nee-on ) for which see CHARGE , A, No. 5, denotes (a) "soldiers' pay," Luke 3:14 ; 1 Corinthians 9:7 ("charges"); (b) in general, "hire, wages of any sort," used metaphorically, Romans 6:23 , of sin; 2 Corinthians 11:8 , of material support which Paul received from some of the churches which he had established and to which he ministered in spiritual things; their support partly maintained him at Corinth, where he forebore to receive such assistance (2 Corinthians 11:9,10 ).
2: μισθός (Strong's #3408 — Noun Masculine — misthos — mis-thos' ) "hire," is rendered "wages" in John 4:36 ; in 2 Peter 2:15 , AV (RV, "hire"). See HIRE , A.

Sentence search

Wages - Wages, n. We speak of servants Wages, a laborers Wages, or soldiers Wages but we never apply the word to the rewards given to men in office, which are called fees or salary. States Tell me, what shall thy Wages be? Genesis 29 . ...
Be content with your Wages. The Wages of sin is death
Hireling - ) One who is hired, or who serves for Wages; esp. ) Serving for hire or Wages; venal; mercenary
Hireling - One who is hired, or who serves for Wages. Serving for Wages venal mercenary employed for money or other compensation
Wages - The earliest mention of Wages is of a recompense, not in money, but in kind, to Jacob from Laban. (Genesis 29:15,20 ; 30:28 ; 31:7,8,41 ) In Egypt money payments by way of Wages were in use, but the terms cannot now be ascertained. (Exodus 2:9 ) The only mention of the rate of Wages in Scripture is found in the parable of the householder and the vineyard, (Matthew 20:2 ) where the laborer's Wages was set at one denarius per day, probably 15 to 17 cents, a sum which may be fairly taken as equivalent to the denarius, and to the usual pay of a soldier (ten asses per diem) in the later days of the Roman republic. The law was very strict in requiring daily payment of Wages. (Leviticus 19:13 ; 24:14,15) The employer who refused to give his-laborers sufficient victuals is censured (Job 22:11 ) and the iniquity of withholding Wages is denounced
Shicron - Drunkenness; his gift; his Wages
Rewarder - 1: μισθαποδότης (Strong's #3406 — Noun Masculine — misthapodotes — mis-thap-od-ot'-ace ) "one who pays Wages" (misthos, "wages," apo, "back," didomi, "to give"), is used by metonymy in Hebrews 11:6 , of God, as the "Rewarder" of those who "seek after Him" (RV)
Bond Servant - A slave; one who is bound to service without Wages
Bond Service - The condition of a bond servant; service without Wages; slavery
Portage - ) A sailor's Wages when in port. ) The amount of a sailor's Wages for a voyage
Peultha'i - (my Wages ) properly Peullethai, the eighth son of Obed-edom
Bondmaid - ) A female slave, or one bound to service without Wages, as distinguished from a hired servant
Peulthai - Wages of the Lord, one of the sons of Obed-edom, a Levite porter (1 Chronicles 26:5 )
Wages - WAGES. (2) In a more general sense, “wages” ’ (Sanday-Headlam on Romans 6:23). John the Baptist bids the soldiers (probably those engaged in police duty connected with the customs) abstain from adding to their Wages by extortion through violence, threats, or false accusations. μισθὁς is the ordinary term for Wages, and is translated indifferently throughout the Gospels as ‘wages,’ ‘reward,’ ‘hire. ]'>[1] ‘Wages’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible ). ...
The analogy of service and Wages is freely used by Jesus in His teaching; but it is not so much the receipt of Wages that rules the thought as the quarter whence they come. The Pharisee is really the world’s hireling, and receives his Wages from it, viz. Their Wages are not counted out to them in the world’s coin; they receive the Father’s open acknowledgment and gather fruit unto life eternal (Matthew 6:4; Matthew 6:6; Matthew 6:18, John 4:36)
Wages - ) The labourer's daily Wages (misthos ) in Matthew 20 are set at one denarius ("penny") a day, 7 3/4 d. " The term opsoonia for "wages" (Luke 3:14) and Paul's words, 2 Corinthians 11:8 (opsoonion ), "charges," 1 Corinthians 9:7, imply that provisions were part of a soldier's Wages
sa'Car - (wages )
Agricultural - ) Of or pertaining to agriculture; connected with, or engaged in, tillage; as, the agricultural class; agricultural implements, Wages, etc
Bondmaid - A female slave, or one bound to service without Wages, in opposition to a hired servant
Elpa'al - (God his Wages ), a Benjamite, son of Hushim and brother of Abitub
Trade Union - An organized combination among workmen for the purpose of maintaining their rights, privileges, and interests with respect to Wages, hours of labor, customs, etc
Bondman - A man slave, or one bound to service without Wages
Earning - ) That which is earned; Wages gained by work or services; money earned; - used commonly in the plural
Lockout - ) The closing of a factory or workshop by an employer, usually in order to bring the workmen to satisfactory terms by a suspension of Wages
Wage - ) To put upon Wages; to hire; to employ; to pay Wages to. See Wages
Tasker - ) A laborer who receives his Wages in kind
Hire, Hired - A — 1: μισθός (Strong's #3408 — Noun Masculine — misthos — mis-thos' ) denotes (a) "wages, hire," Matthew 20:8 ; Luke 10:7 ; James 5:4 ; in 1 Timothy 5:18 ; 2 Peter 2:13 ; Jude 1:11 , RV, "hire" (AV,"reward"); in 2 Peter 2:15 , RV, "hire" (AV, "wages")
Producer's Surplus - Any profit above the normal rate of interest and Wages accruing to a producer on account of some monopoly (temporary or permanent) of the means or materials of production; - called also Producer's rent
Wages - This economic or technical sense of the word Wages is broader than the current sense, and includes not only amounts actually paid to laborers, but the remuneration obtained by those who sell the products of their own work, and the Wages of superintendence or management, which are earned by skill in directing the work of others
Penny - A labourer's day's Wages (Matthew 20:2; Matthew 20:13). In Revelation 6:6 "a measure (choenix , two or three pints) of wheat for a penny," implies comparative scarcity when a man's whole day's Wages would only buy a day's provisions, instead of, as ordinarily, buying 16 to 20 measures
Wages - 5, denotes (a) "soldiers' pay," Luke 3:14 ; 1 Corinthians 9:7 ("charges"); (b) in general, "hire, Wages of any sort," used metaphorically, Romans 6:23 , of sin; 2 Corinthians 11:8 , of material support which Paul received from some of the churches which he had established and to which he ministered in spiritual things; their support partly maintained him at Corinth, where he forebore to receive such assistance (2 Corinthians 11:9,10 ). ...
2: μισθός (Strong's #3408 — Noun Masculine — misthos — mis-thos' ) "hire," is rendered "wages" in John 4:36 ; in 2 Peter 2:15 , AV (RV, "hire")
Wages - Wages . We have no information as to the Wages of such field-labourers. Deuteronomy 15:18 seems to say that a hireling cost the farmer twice as much as a slave, and since the latter received only his keep and his few clothes, it follows that the former will have earned the equivalent thereof, over and above, in Wages. The first definite engagement disregarding the special case of Jacob and Laban with stipulated Wages is that of the Levite whom Micah hired as his domestic chaplain for 10 shekels a year, with ‘a suit of apparel’ and his ‘victuals’ ( Judges 17:10 ). ...
Information is now available as to the Wages of different classes of ‘hirelings,’ from doctors to tailors, in Babylonia c
In OT times we hear also of yearly engagements (Leviticus 25:53 ), but the Deuteronomic Law enjoins daily payment of Wages, in cases of poverty at least ( Deuteronomy 24:15 , cf
Corollary - ) That which is given beyond what is actually due, as a garland of flowers in addition to Wages; surplus; something added or superfluous
Sins That Cry to Heaven For Vengeance - They are ...
wilful murder
sins against nature
oppression of the poor, of widows, and of orphans
defrauding laborers of their Wages
Arrear - a remainder, or balance which remains due when some part has been paid; arrearage; - commonly used in the plural, as, arrears of rent, Wages, or taxes
Appointment - An appointment differs from Wages, in being a special grant, or gratification, not fixed, whereas Wages are fixed and ordinary
Hireling - His Wages were paid as soon as his work was over (Leviticus 19:13 )
Drachma - The DRΑCΗΜΑ is different, it was a Greek coin which the Roman DΕΝΑRΙUS (translated unfortunately "penny" Revelation 6:6, a laborer's daily Wages Matthew 20:2-9) superseded: Luke 15:8-9, "PIECE OF SILVER," Greek drachmee
Deserve - ) To earn by service; to be worthy of (something due, either good or evil); to merit; to be entitled to; as, the laborer deserves his Wages; a work of value deserves praise
Dealer - They sell their doctrines to their people and collect the Wages
Penny, - It was the labourer's Wages for a day
Hireling - Contemptuous name for one who works for Wages only, and makes the reward his only motive (Job 7); through Our Lord's use of the word, it has come to express one who has no interest in his work and is unfaithful in performing it (John 10), the difference between the true and the mercenary shepherd of souls
Perquisite - ) Something gained from a place or employment over and above the ordinary salary or fixed Wages for services rendered; especially, a fee allowed by law to an officer for a specific service
Salary - ) The recompense or consideration paid, or stipulated to be paid, to a person at regular intervals for services; fixed Wages, as by the year, quarter, or month; stipend; hire
Rat - ) In English politics, to desert one's party from interested motives; to forsake one's associates for one's own advantage; in the trades, to work for less Wages, or on other conditions, than those established by a trades union. ) One who deserts his party or associates; hence, in the trades, one who works for lower Wages than those prescribed by a trades union
Wages - Eternal death is the Wages or just recompense of sin; while eternal life is not a recompense earned by obedience, but a sovereign gift of God, Romans 6:22-23
Reward - A — 1: μισθός (Strong's #3408 — Noun Masculine — misthos — mis-thos' ) primarily "wages, hire," and then, generally, "reward," (a) received in this life, Matthew 5:46 ; 6:2,5,16 ; Romans 4:4 ; 1 Corinthians 9:17,18 ; of evil "rewards," Acts 1:18 ; see also HIRE; (b) to be received hereafter, Matthew 5:12 ; 10:41 (twice),42; Mark 9:41 ; Luke 6:23,35 ; 1 Corinthians 3:8,14 ; 2 John 1:8 ; Revelation 11:18 ; 22:12 . Seee Wages
Hire - ) The price, reward, or compensation paid, or contracted to be paid, for the temporary use of a thing or a place, for personal service, or for labor; Wages; rent; pay. ) To engage or purchase the service, labor, or interest of (any one) for a specific purpose, by payment of Wages; as, to hire a servant, an agent, or an advocate
Hireling - A worker paid Wages; a laborer; a hired hand
Hireling - —A hireling is one who works for Wages, an employé. Christ’s use of the word in John 10:12-13 to signify one who, because he cares more for his Wages than for his work, proves unfaithful under trial, has determined its evolution into meaning an untrustworthy employé
Pass On, Pass Away - 31:7: “… Your father hath deceived me, and changed my Wages ten times …” (cf. Not only Wages, but garments are “changed” ( Earn - ) To acquire by labor, service, or performance; to deserve and receive as compensation or Wages; as, to earn a good living; to earn honors or laurels
Daric - A Persian gold coin equivalent to four days' Wages, probably introduced by Darius I (522-486 B
Earnest - A pledge of the performance of a promise; or part of a debt, paid in assurance of the payment of the whole; or part of the price, paid down to confirm a bargain; or part of a servant's Wages, paid at the time of hiring, to ratify the engagement
Expect - ) To look for (mentally); to look forward to, as to something that is believed to be about to happen or come; to have a previous apprehension of, whether of good or evil; to look for with some confidence; to anticipate; - often followed by an infinitive, sometimes by a clause (with, or without, that); as, I expect to receive Wages; I expect that the troops will be defeated
Trustee - ) To attach (a debtor's Wages, credits, or property in the hands of a third person) in the interest of the creditor
Wages - Jacob has his Wages changed ten times by a deceitful Laban, who simply wishes to exploit his son-in-law (Genesis 28-31 ). This "Mesopotamian exile" is a prelude to Israel's oppressive sojourn in Egypt, where a tyrannical Pharaoh pays her the "wages" of a slave (Exodus 1-3 ). ...
When Israel is formally constituted as a nation at Sinai, some of the laws given to her are specifically concerned with Wages. Working for Wages was often the only way members of this class could support themselves. They were not only to refuse to take unjust Wages or "bribes" but to hate them (Exodus 18:21 ). Other Wages were regarded as unjust by virtue of the way they were acquired (e. She merits the blessing of Boaz, who believes that Yahweh is a good God, who will fully pay her Wages (Ruth 2:12 ). Amos criticizes the merchants who use dishonest measures to increase their Wages, and who cannot wait for the Sabbath to end in order to resume their exploitive businesses (8:5-6). The Assyrians laid Israel waste as the prophets predicted, and the Babylonians destroyed Judah, demonstrating clearly the principle that the Wages for serving a false god are quite different than those obtained from serving Yahweh. God is depicted as a shepherd leading his sheep home to Judah from Babylon; the prophet switches the metaphor to describe God as a strong liberator who brings Wages to distribute to his people: the Wages of grace and salvation (Isaiah 40:10-11 ; 62:11 ). ...
During the times of blessing and judgment on Israel, the wisdom tradition contributed its perspective on the issues of Wages and reward. But the Book of Job is the book that deals principally with the issue of Wages or rewards: Satan's accusation against Job is that he serves God for "a good wage" (1:9-11). They were more concerned with their own work than the temple and earned Wages only to put them in torn purses (Haggai 1:6 ). The stress on Wages and rewards is an important religious concern in the Judaism of Jesus' time. ...
In the epistles Paul stresses the importance of Wages. Teaching elders in the churches are to be paid since "the worker deserves his Wages" (1 Timothy 5:17-18 ). Slaves must primarily work for their Lord, not their human master, since it is he who will pay them the wage that really matters (Colossians 3:22-25 ); masters need to remember that unpaid Wages scream out to God for justice (James 5:4 ). Satan is a hard taskmaster, doling out the Wages of death for sin (Romans 6:23 ), but God is a loving Father who lavishes believers with the gifts of life and adoption and promises an infinitely rich inheritance—all things! (1 Corinthians 3:22-23 ; Ephesians 1:5-12 )
Sins: How Men Treat Them - Sins are natural to all men, but it makes all the difference whether they are fostered or kept under; the carnal mind makes itself a warren for evil, but a gracious spirit Wages constant war with every transgression
Entertainment - ) Payment of soldiers or servants; Wages
Sin: the Toil of it - A computation was made, and it was ascertained that he spent more time and worked harder to get his fuel, than he would have been obliged to if he had earned it in an honest way, and at ordinary Wages
Wages - The Wages are lost instead of saved because they are not invested for the glory of GOD
Turn-Out - , a quitting of employment for the purpose of forcing increase of Wages; a strike; - opposed to lockout
Allow - To afford, or grant as a compensation as, to allow a dollar a day for Wages
Hire, Hireling - ]'>[1] alongside of its synonym ‘wages,’ by which it has been supplanted in mod
Deserve - The laborer deserves his Wages he deserves the value of his services
Penny - A drachma in Christ's time was good Wages for a day's labor in a vineyard, Matthew 20:2
Spikenard - The costliness of Mary's offering (300 pence=) may beat be seen from the fact that a penny (denarius, 15 to 17 cents) was in those days the day-wages of a laborer
Pieces - agorah), properly a "small sum" as Wages, weighed rather than coined
Dog - “Dog” may refer to a male cult prostitute (Deuteronomy 23:19 ), though the exact meaning of “dog's Wages” is disputed
Scab - ) A nickname for a workman who engages for lower Wages than are fixed by the trades unions; also, for one who takes the place of a workman on a strike
Defraud - Defraud not the hireling of his Wages
Wages - ...
In a mixed economy of agriculture and pastoralism without coined money, Wages often included little more than meals and a place of employment (Compare Job 7:2 ; John 10:12 ). Texts mention enough instances of fraud, however, to suggest that this group was often cheated out of their Wages (Jeremiah 22:13 ; Malachi 3:5 ; James 5:4 )
Hire - Wages the reward or recompense paid for personal service
Shall - "You shall receive your Wages," "he shall receive his Wages," imply that you or he ought to receive them but usage gives these phrases the force of a promise in the person uttering them
Recompence, Recompense - ...
A — 3: ἀντιμισθία (Strong's #489 — Noun Feminine — antimisthia — an-tee-mis-thee'-ah ) "a reward, requital" (anti, "in return," misthos, "wages, hire"), is used (a) in a good sense, 2 Corinthians 6:13 ; (b) in a bad sense, Romans 1:27 . ...
A — 4: μισθαποδοσία (Strong's #3405 — Noun Feminine — misthapodosia — mis-thap-od-os-ee'-ah ) "a payment of Wages" (from mithos, see No
Ashkelon - It is doubtful whether Samson took the spoil with which he paid his Wages ( Judges 14:19 ) from this city, which is two days’ journey from Timnath, or from a similarly styled village, much nearer at hand, now possibly represented in name by Khurbet ‘Askalan , near Tell Zakariya
Claim - A demand of a right or supposed right a calling on another for something due, or supposed to be due as a claim of Wages for services
Master - To arrange the several businesses required of servants; to give particular instructions for what is to be done, and how it is to be done; to take care that no more is required of servants than they are equal to; to be gentle in our deportment towards them; to reprove them when they do wrong, to commend them when they do right; to make them an adequate recompense for their services, as to protection, maintenance, Wages and character
Poor - (16:11,14) see Nehe 8:10 ...
Daily payment of Wages
the Labourer With the Evil Eye - For no other husbandman in all the world ever went out at all hours of the day to hire his labourers, and at the same Wages. When the Wages of our life-long service of sin has become death to us also we come with him. " Is thine heart so selfish and so envious as that? was what our Lord said to this man who could not enjoy his own Wages for grudging and growling at his neighbour's Wages. And no more did this dog of a labourer complain that his Wages were not quite enough for all the work he had done. All his unhappiness lay in this that his neighbour had so much Wages to take home with him that night to his happy wife and children. He says that it is difficult for him to believe that any man who is really within the kingdom of heaven himself, and is in its service, and is receiving its rewards, could have an evil eye at another man for his work and for his Wages in that kingdom. But, with all that, the chosen men; the truly choice spirits even among the men who are called; the men who are sincere and single in their motives; the men who are full of humility about themselves, and about their work, and about their Wages; the men who are so full of brotherly love that they have no evil eye left at their brother's good work or good Wages, but who rather rejoice in all the good things that fall to their brother-labourer's lot-such men are not many even in the vineyard of heaven itself. There are many in that vineyard who say with Peter-What shall we have, therefore? But they are few who work at all hours of the day, and still receive their Wages at night with pain and shame, and say to themselves that they are the most unprofitable of all their fellow-servants
Dock - ) To cut off a part from; to shorten; to deduct from; to subject to a deduction; as, to dock one's Wages
Content, Contentment - A — 1: ἀκάνθινος (Strong's #174 — Adjective — arkeo — ak-an'-thee-nos ) primarily signifies "to be sufficient, to be possessed of sufficient strength, to be strong, to be enough for a thing;" hence, "to defend, ward off;" in the Middle Voice, "to be satisfied, contented with," Luke 3:14 , with Wages; 1 Timothy 6:8 , with food and raiment; Hebrews 13:5 , with "such things as ye have;" negatively of Diotrephes, in 3 John 1:10 , "not content therewith
Tax Collector - ...
All these tax collectors had to collect enough money to send to Rome the amount required, yet have enough left over as Wages for themselves
Hire - The latter Greek word occurs again (John 4:36) as the Wages of the reaper
Truck - ) The practice of paying Wages in goods instead of money; - called also truck system
Vow - The Wages of impurity was excluded from vows (Deuteronomy 23:17-18); "dog" means "Sodomite" (Micah 1:7)
Easy - Allow hired men Wages that will make them easy
Hireling - "Is there not an appointed time to man upon earth? are not his days also like the days of an hireling?" (Job 7:1) By the law, the Lord made a gracious provision for the hireling, commanding that his Wages should not abide all night, until the morning
Laban - Compelled, at length, to pay Jacob Wages, he changes them ten times, and, in the spirit of a crafty, griping worldling, makes him account for whatever of the flock was torn of beasts or stolen, whether by day or night
Poor - ...
...
Wages were to be paid at the close of each day (Leviticus 19:13 )
Pay - ) An equivalent or return for money due, goods purchased, or services performed; salary or Wages for work or service; compensation; recompense; payment; hire; as, the pay of a clerk; the pay of a soldier
Curate - Can there be a greater reproach to the dignified ecclesiastics of this country, than the comparatively miserable pittance allowed the curates, who do all the labour? Surely they must be a set of useless beings, to reap so little Wages; or else they are unjustly treated!!!...
Barley - times, about the equivalent of a man's daily Wages
Hireling - Moses requires that the hireling should be paid as soon as his work is over: "The Wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night unto the morning," Leviticus 19:19
Remember - Let them have their Wages duly paid, and something over to remember me
Marcus, Surnamed Eremita - ...
(2) περὶ τῶν οἰομένων ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦσθαι shews that as slaves of God we have no Wages to expect
Good Samaritan, Parable of the - At once moved by compassion, he attends to the needs of the unfortunate, then conveys him to an inn, and pays in advance for the care for the man a sum equivalent to two days Wages, promising to make good on his return any further expense incurred by the innkeeper
Offer - To bid, as a price, reward or Wages as, to offer ten eagles for a ring to offer a hundred dollars a year for a laborer to offer a salary
Pay - Compensation recompense an equivalent given for money due, goods purchased or services performed salary or Wages for services hire
Judas - Afterwards he owned his sin with "an exceeding bitter cry," and cast the money he had received as the Wages of his iniquity down on the floor of the sanctuary, and "departed and went and hanged himself" (Matthew 27:5 )
Midianite - Balaam also perished by the sword, receiving the "wages of his unrighteousness" (Numbers 31:8 ; 2 Peter 2:15 )
Sin - The just penalty or "wages of sin is death;" this was threatened against the first sin, Genesis 2:17 and all subsequent sins: "the soul that sinneth it shall die
Coins - For example, the coin mentioned in Jesus’ story of the hired vineyard-workers, the Roman denarius, represented the Wages of a labourer for one day (Matthew 20:2)
Charge, Chargeable - It is rendered "wages" in Luke 3:14 ; Romans 6:23 ; 2 Corinthians 11:8 . See Wages
Balaam - " In the very moment of saying "I cannot go beyond the word of the Lord my God," he tempts the Lord as if He might change His purpose, and allow him to earn "the Wages of iniquity"; yet himself, with strange inconsistency, such as marks those who "hold the truth in unrighteousness" (Romans 1:18), declares what condemns his perverse thought, "God is not a man that He should lie, nor the Son of man that He should repent: hath He said, and shall He not do it, or hath He spoken, and shall He not make it good?" (Numbers 23:19. Peter residing at Babylon would naturally adopt the name usual in the Aramaic tradition) "loved the Wages of unrighteousness: but was rebuked for his iniquity, the mute (voiceless) donkey, speaking with man's voice, forbad the madness of the prophet": an awful contrast, a dumb beast forbidding an inspired prophet. Trying to combine prophecy and soothsaying, the service of God and the Wages of iniquity, he made the choice that ruined him for ever! He wanted to do opposite things at once, to curse and to bless (James 3:10-12), to earn at once the Wages of righteousness and unrighteousness, if possible not to offend God, yet not to lose Balak's reward
Odd Fellows, Order of - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Freemasonry - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Independent Order of Odd Fellows - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Knights of Pythias - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
International Order of Odd Fellows - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Merit - He strictly merits (de condigno) his Wages as a soldier, but he also merits, though less strictly (de congruo), decorations and advancement in the service
Masonry - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Masons - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Have - ...
He has high Wages for his services
Low - Below the usual rate or amount, or below the ordinary value as a low price of corn low Wages
Sons of Temperance - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Secret Societies - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Societies, Secret - There was a two-dollar initiation fee, equal to a week’s Wages of an ordinary worker
Poor - ...
(8) Wages must be paid at the day's end (Leviticus 19:13); yet partiality in judgment must not be shown to the poor (Exodus 23:3; Leviticus 19:15)
Debt, Debtor - This is simply pay for work done (wages). ...
In James 5:4 the curtain is raised upon the social wrong done to labour by grinding employers who kept back (ἀφυστερέω) the Wages of the men who tilled the fields
Laban (2) - very frequently, Numbers 14:22) he changed his Wages when constrained to remunerate him; and as a covetous master made Jacob accountable for all of the flock that were stolen or torn
Companion - 18:6); they did not pay Wages to the worker ( Nebuchadnezzar, or Nebuchadrezzar - 573, after a siege of thirteen years, for which "he had no Wages, nor his army" (the inhabitants having escaped with their riches by sea); but God rewarded him with the spoils of Egypt, which he conquered
Reward - The present discussion will confine itself to this view of the word and will endeavour to indicate the place which ‘reward,’ in the sense of payment or Wages, holds as a factor in the Christian life. The usual word in the NT for ‘reward,’ in the sense of hire or Wages for work, is μισθός. But here again, in so far as the receiving of the promises is connected with the performance of the duties of the New Covenant, it may be regarded as Wages or reward; hence the use of μισθαποδοσία in Hebrews 10:35
Leper - The leper was a "walking tomb," "a parable of death," and of sin "the Wages of which is death. ) The leper brought two young rams (Hebrew, Leviticus 14:10), one as a trespass offering, another as a burnt offering, and a ewe lamb as a sin offering; these bore witness that disease and death and the defilements of both are the Wages of man's sin
Almsgiving - Not far, at any rate, from this is His parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard (Matthew 20:1-16), where Jesus describes God under the figure of a rich and generous householder who gives work and Wages (not mere alms) to those who are able to work, asks with surprise of such, ‘Why stand ye here all the day idle?’ and, on learning it was their misfortune and not their fault, makes them work for the last hour, yet pays them a whole day’s Wages
Reward (2) - The NT word for this is μισθός, which appears in its more literal sense as ‘hire’ (Matthew 20:8, Luke 10:7) or ‘wages’ (John 4:36)
Remove, Depart - This means “to hand oneself over to” or “to be dependent on” something—the poor man “lifts up his soul” to his Wages ( Balaam - Now is my time! Balaam would have said to himself-Now is my accepted time! Now is the day of my salvation! A thorough honest man, as Butler says in his celebrated sermon on Balaam-a thorough honest man would have known how set upon the praises of men and the Wages of unrighteousness his own heart was, and had all along been; and he would have acted that day accordingly. The sight of Israel lying below made the spirit of blessing to come upon Balaam again, till Balak smote his hands together, and in his anger dismissed Balaam to his home without his Wages, since he had not done his work. You may try to shut your eyes, and you may let Balak lead you about promising you your Wages, but you shall never see the place where you can give your whole heart to evil, or where you can sin on without an inward rebuke. ...
But, Balaam,-ass, and angel, and crushed foot, and Almighty God Himself notwithstanding, he would have the Wages of unrighteousness
Suffer - ...
A — 13: ἀδικέω (Strong's #91 — Verb — adikeo — ad-ee-keh'-o ) "to do wrong, injustice" (a, negative, dike, "right"), is used in the Passive Voice in 2 Peter 2:13 , RV, "suffering wrong" (some texts have komizo, "to receive," AV); there is a play upon words here which may be brought out thus, "being defrauded (of the Wages of fraud)," a use of the verb illustrated in the papyri
Judas Iscariot - Stung to the quick at their refusal to take back the money, while they condemned himself, he went to the temple, cast down the whole sum in the treasury, or place for receiving the offerings of the people; and, after he had thus returned the Wages of iniquity, he retired to some lonely place, not far, perhaps, from the scene of Peter's repentance; and, in the frenzy of despair, and at the instigation of the devil, hanged himself; crowning with suicide the murder of his master and his friend; rejecting his compassionate Saviour, and plunging his own soul into perdition! In another place it is said that, ‘falling headlong, he burst asunder, and all his bowels gushed out,' Acts 1:18
Hammurabi - By setting the Wages for technical and agricultural laborers and by decreeing the release from debt or slavery, the king could control much of the life of the nation. ...
(9) Rates and Wages (268-277)
Akeldama - The field which was purchased with the Wages of Judas was originally a ‘potter’s field,’ or pit, in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem
Borrow - And what Wages did the tyrant give them for those labours? We are told, indeed, that they made their lives bitter to them with their cruel bondage; "and that they cast out their children, to the end they might not live
Balaam - It cannot be denied that the Scripture expressly calls him a prophet, 2 Peter 2:15 , and therefore those are probably right who think that he had once been a good man and a true prophet, till, loving the Wages of unrighteousness, and prostituting the honour of his office to covetousness, he apostatized from God, and, betaking himself to idolatrous practices, fell under the delusion of the devil, of whom he learned all his magical enchantments; though at this juncture, when the preservation of his people was concerned, it might be consistent with God's wisdom to appear to him and overrule his mind by the impulse of real revelations
Akeldama - The field which was purchased with the Wages of Judas was originally a ‘potter’s field,’ or pit, in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem
Jacob - He had not learnt to trust God, but used subtle ways to increase his possessions; and he also was dealt with in a like manner, having his Wages changed 'ten times
Weights And Measures - A penny (δηνάριον) was the usual daily Wages of a working man: its purchasing value then must have been considerably more than it is now
Jacob - He had not learnt to trust God, but used subtle ways to increase his possessions; and he also was dealt with in a like manner, having his Wages changed 'ten times
Harvest - It was another custom among the Jews to set a confidential servant over the reapers, to see that they executed their work properly, that they had suitable provisions, and to pay them their Wages: the Chaldees call him rab, the master, ruler, or governor of the reapers
Dualism - In the Babylonian cosmology, Marduk , the champion of the upper deities, Wages war against Tiamat , who leads the lower deities; at last he slays her, divides her body, and makes part a covering for the heavens to hold back the upper waters
Jacob - Kennicott suggested that Jacob served 14 years for his wives, then during 20 years he took care of Laban's cattle as a friend, then during six years he served for Wages (Genesis 31:38; Genesis 31:41). " Jacob then required as Wages all the speckled and spotted sheep and goats, which usually are few, sheep in the East being generally white, the goats black or brown, not speckled. ...
With characteristic sharpness Jacob adopted a double plan of increasing the Wages agreed on
Jehoiakim - "He built his house by unrighteousness and wrong, using his neighbour's service without Wages," using his people's forced labour to build himself a splendid palace, in violation of Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; compare Micah 3:10; Habakkuk 2:9; James 5:4
Miriam - Watch well, Miriam, the brink of the river, and that ark among its waters, and thou shalt not want thy Wages. That is the Wages of Miriam's sin begun
Violence - ...
The two terms are paired again in Leviticus 19:13 , where "plundering" and "extortion" appear to be associated with withholding the Wages of a hired person until the morning (cf
Restitution - Paul’s emphatic teaching that the Wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23), and that destruction awaits the enemies of the Cross of Christ (Philippians 3:19)
Hand - ...
Let not the Wages of any man tarry with thee but give it him out of hand
Righteous, To Be - Finally, the NIV has: “And my honesty [5] will testify for me in the future, whenever you check on the Wages you have paid me
Ham - He had for long been far too withered for anything to be called work; and he got his weekly Wages just for sitting over the pots of pitch and keeping the fires burning beneath them. See if He will not deliver them over again to us with these words, Take them and bring them up for Me, and I will give thee thy Wages
Jacob - All that stands in Moses, and much more like that, both in and after Moses; and yet here are we, down in the days of the New Testament, still dressing up our daughters, and emigrating our sons, as if we had been the first fathers and mothers in all the world to whom God had said, I will give thee thy Wages. ...
What a down-come it was from the covenant-heights of Bethel to the cattle-troughs of Haran! What a cruel fall from the company of ascending and descending angels into the clutches of a finished rogue like Laban! Jacob had been all but carried up of angels from Bethel and taken into an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled; but, instead of that, he is taken down to Padan-arain, where he is cheated out of his Wages, and cheated out of his wife, and cheated, and cheated, and cheated again, ten times cheated, and that too by his own mother's brother, till cheating came out of Jacob's nostrils, and stank in his eyes, and became hateful as hell to Jacob's heart
Esau - The ways of transgressors are hard! The Wages of sin is death!...
On the principle, then, that all these things about Esau are written for our admonition, how shall we be best admonished against Esau's profane and disastrous mind? To know the truth about him, and about ourselves, is the first thing for us all to set about tonight. For the Wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life
David - in His Services - God alone of all paymasters pays as good Wages for the good intentions of His servants as He pays for their best performances. Both from David's intended temple; from the poor widow's actual collection at the door of David's temple; and from Bengel's spiritual annotation let us learn this spiritual lesson, that our hearts are the measure both of our work and of our Wages in the sight of God
Exodus - They were poor; for generations they had laboured for the Egyptians without Wages
Guilt (2) - Death is not so much its consequence as its punishment or Wages (Romans 5:12, Romans 6:23), not following automatically, but inflicted by the sentence of an offended God (Exodus 34:6-7 Ephesians 5:6, Colossians 3:6). Paul was familiar with this prevalent view hardly admits of doubt, or that he availed himself of it to interpret the relation of Jesus the Messiah to the whole human race, as giving the victory over sin, the Wages of which is death (Romans 6:23), and the power of which is the outraged law (1 Corinthians 15:56)
Sacrifice - that the "wages of that sin was death," and that God had provided an atonement by the vicarious suffering of an appointed victim
Destructionists - The Wages of sin (saith the apostle) is death; but eternal life is the gift of God, through Christ Jesus our Lord
Hopefulness - His followers, too, would receive Wages in the joy of souls won, and ultimately they, with the earlier workers of God who had sown the seed, would rejoice together
Life And Death - Paul writes, ‘The Wages of sin is death’ (Romans 6:23), or ‘Through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned’ (Romans 5:12); or when the author of Hebrews links together the facts of death and the judgment and relates them to the Death and redeeming Sacrifice of Christ (Hebrews 9:26-28); or when St. Death is the Wages of sin (Romans 6:23), it is the recompense received by the servants of sin (Romans 6:16)
Samuel - As he lay awake till the morning he saw what was the Wages of all that wickedness that had so horrified him to see and to hear in Eli's sons. He saw, while yet a child, that the Wages of such sin is death
Money - A payment which proceeded from the temple treasury was made according to the ancient national payment by weight, Matthew 26:15 ; but in common business, trade, Wages, sale &c, the assis and denarius and Roman coin were usual, Matthew 10:29 ; Matthew 20:3 ; Luke 12:6 ; Mark 14:5 ; John 12:5 ; John 6:7
Commerce - See Mark 12:15-17 ) and Wages (Matthew 20:2 )
Jacob - Six more years of labor let Jacob return the deception and gain wealth at the expense of his father-in-law, who continued his deception, changing Jacob's Wages ten times (Genesis 31:7 ,Genesis 31:7,31:41 ) Amid the family infighting, both men prospered financially, and Jacob's family grew
Atonement - In Leviticus 1:4; Leviticus 4:26; Leviticus 5:1; Leviticus 5:16-18; Leviticus 5:16; Leviticus 17:11, the truth is established that the guilt is transferred from the sinful upon the innocent substitute, in order to make amends to violated justice, and to cover (atone: kipper' al ) or put out of sight the guilt (compare Micah 7:19 end), and to save the sinner from the Wages of sin which is death
Tithes - He had accepted his ‘wages’ from others in order that they might have his labours free of charge (δωρεάν)
Judgment, Day of - Morris, The Biblical Doctrine of Judgment ; idem, The Wages of Sin ; J
Balaam - ...
But what decides the infamy of Balaam's character is this, that under all the impressions that the Lord had blessed Israel, and would bless them, Balaam was still so very earnest to oblige Balak, and get his promised reward, that he set off expressly the purpose of cursing Israel; neither, as the apostle saith, did "the dumb ass, speaking with man's voice, forbidding the madness of the prophet," keep back his feet from the evil of his journey; so much did he love the Wages of unrighteousness? (See 2 Peter 2:16)...
I need not go through with a comment on the several interesting particulars of Balaam's tampering with his conscience while with Balak, in seeking enchantments, and in using every effort to curse God's people, while all he said and did the Lord over-ruled to make him bless them
Jephthah - Meantime, through Jehovah's anger at Israel's apostasy to Baalim, Ashtaroth, the gods of Ammon, etc, he sold them (compare Romans 7:14, gave them up to the Wages that their sin had earned) into the hands of those very people whose gods they chose (Judges 10:7; Judges 10:17-18), the instrument of their sin being made the instrument of their punishment (Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19)
Work - Wages were to paid equitably and promptly (Deuteronomy 24:14-15 ). Dempster...
See also Money ; Reward ; Wages ; Wealth ...
Bibliography
Death, Mortality - The Wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23 )
John - Luke also emphasizes the ethical teachings of John: he called the multitudes a “generation of vipers” (Luke 3:7 ); one who had two coats should give one to a person who had none; tax collectors were warned to collect no more than their due; and soldiers were instructed to rob no one and be content with their Wages” (Luke 3:10-14 )
Gospel - In the parable of Matthew 20:1-16 , it is owing to the goodness of the employer that the last workers hired receive a full day's Wages
Death - as to the connexion between sin and death must be explained in harmony with this fact; and, for that matter, in harmony also with his own words in Romans 6:23 , where death, the ‘wages of sin,’ cannot be simply physical death
Matthew - And thus it is that He is back again in Capernaum, no longer a hard-working carpenter, mortgaging all His week's Wages and more for all His poor neighbours
Jacob - And though he was supported with the assurance of the divine protection, and the renewal of the blessing of Abraham by God himself, in his remarkable vision at Bethel, and solemnly devoted himself to his service, wishing only for food and raiment, and vowing to profess the worship of God, and pay tithe unto him should he return back in peace, Genesis 28:10-22 ; yet he was forced to engage in a tedious and thankless servitude of seven years, at first for Rachel, with Laban, who retaliated upon him the imposition he had practised on his own father; and substituted Leah, whom he hated, for Rachel, whom he loved; and thereby compelled him to serve seven years more; and changed his Wages several times during the remainder of his whole servitude of twenty years; in the course of which, as he pathetically complained, "the drought consumed him by day, and the frost by night, and the sleep departed from his eyes," in watching Laban's flocks, Genesis 31:40 ; and at last he was forced to steal away, and was only protected from Laban's vengeance, as afterward from Esau's, by divine interposition
Peace - unhewn stones (Deuteronomy 27:6), also metaphorically to such things as labour (1 Kings 7:51), Wages (Ruth 2:12), and spiritually to disposition (Isaiah 38:3) and sin (Genesis 15:18)
Parable - The debt of the Gentiles to them is expressed in the hundred pence [2]; whereas the indebtedness of the Jews to God is seen in the ten thousand talents [3]
the Much Forgiven Debtor And His Much Love - ...
And then He will have in you the Wages for which He worked; for how you, for one, will love Him! Jesus Christ is not easily satisfied with love; but He will be satisfied, and to spare, with your love
John the Baptist - Neither accuse any man falsely, and be content with your Wages
Parables - The parable of the servant and his Wages moves by means of two questions (Luke 17:7-10 )
Law - It declared the touch of the dead defiling, to remind men that sin's Wages is death
Shimei - And then, of death, the Wages of sin
the Rich Man And Lazarus - Nobody ever took me and told me that the Wages of a life like mine would be paid me in this place of torment
Wealth - One's livelihood may not be taken as security (Deuteronomy 24:6 ), and Wages must be paid on time (19:13)
Saul - And your servant who stipulates to get out to church, and takes less Wages in order to do so, he will be able to tell you where the Seer lives when you have lost all, and yourself to the bargain
Predestination - Paul when he says: ‘The Wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord’ (Romans 6:23)
Ethics - Prostitution, child sacrifice, and divination are suppressed; the right to glean, to receive Wages before evening, regular provision for the poor, and reverence for the aged, are all enacted
War, Holy War - A king who Wages war against another must count the cost
Sarah - Shall she kill her child? Shall she kill herself? Oh, why was I born? Oh, why did I ever come to this cursed land? Why did I ever take the Wages of that wicked woman? Let the night perish on which she took me and led me up into her bed! Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the gross darkness terrify it! Till she awakened and found herself with a well of water close beside her
Universalism (2) - He must needs threaten sin with its Wages; and we have no right to affirm that the most awful of all threats is but an empty or ideal possibility
Gospel - Through all his letters, the contrast between Law and gospel as mutually exclusive is developed in the antitheses, law and faith, works and grace, Wages and free gift-‘Ye are severed from Christ, ye who would be justified by the law; ye are fallen away from grace’ (Galatians 5:4)
Aaron - IS NOT AARON THE LEVITE THY BROTHER? I KNOW THAT HE CAN SPEAK WELL...
WHAT a gifted house! What an honour to that man of the house of Levi who took to wife a daughter of Levi! What a rich slave-hut was that with Miriam and Aaron and Moses all born of God into it! What splendid Wages to have three such children given to that son and daughter of Levi to nurse up for the Lord, and for Israel, and for all the world; three such goodly children as Miriam the prophetess, and Aaron the high priest, and Moses the deliverer and leader and lawgiver of Israel
Egypt - In taking Tyre he had no Wages (they carried away their treasures in ships) and he should have Egypt as his reward
Sin (2) - It is always the sentence, punishment, or Wages (Romans 6:23; see art
Law of Moses - (23:24,25) (c) Wages to be paid day by day
Joshua - And she had already her full Wages paid her when she saw her son Joshua standing of his own accord before Moses and serving him as his minister
Judgment Damnation - Paul sin’s specific penalty, its Wages (Romans 5:12; Romans 6:21; Romans 6:23; Romans 8:6)
Sin - Paul affirms, is not that of effect and cause, but of penalty and transgression (Romans 5:14), or Wages and work (Romans 6:23); for he thinks not of a natural sequence, but of a deserved sentence (Romans 2:5)
Slave, Slavery - Therein we have a number of remarkable laws regulating relations between slaves and their owners, side by side with others dealing with the Wages payable for the employment of different kinds of free labour
Sanctification - We are ‘servants’ of God, but our reward cannot be called ‘wages
Socialism - Morris’ Dream of John Ball, Thorold Rogers’ Six Centuries of Work and Wages, Hyndman’s The Hist
Fall - Paul’s letter on the relation of Christ and Adam in Romans 5 and 1 Corinthians 15, which must be discussed in detail, death is connected with sin as its penalty in Romans 6:23 ‘The Wages of sin is death,’ and in James 1:15 ‘Sin, when it is fullgrown, bringeth forth death
Moses - ...
At length, when the oppression of the Israelites was come to the full, and they cried to God for succour, and the king was dead, and all the men in Egypt that sought his life, "the God of glory" appeared to Moses in a flame of fire, from the midst of a bush, and announced himself as "the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob," under the titles of Jahoh and AEhjeh, expressive of his unity and sameness; and commissioned him first to make known to the Israelites the divine will for their deliverance; and next to go with the elders of Israel to Pharaoh, requiring him, in the name of "the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, to suffer the people to go three, days' journey into the wilderness, to sacrifice unto the Lord their God," after such sacrifices had been long intermitted during their bondage; for the Egyptians had sunk into bestial polytheism, and would have stoned them, had they attempted to sacrifice to their principal divinities, the apis, or bull, &c, in the land itself: foretelling, also, the opposition they would meet with from the king, the mighty signs and wonders that would finally compel his assent, and their spoiling of the Egyptians, by asking or demanding of them (not borrowing) jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment, (by way of Wages or compensation for their services,) as originally declared to Abraham, that "they should go out from thence with great substance,"...
Genesis 15:14 ; Exodus 2:23-25 ; Exodus 3:2-22 ; Exodus 8:25-26
Chrysostom, John, Bishop of Constantinople - To accept a fee for making the worse appear the better cause seemed to his generous and guileless soul to be bribed to lie—to take Satan's Wages—to sin against his own soul