What does Vine mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
גֶּ֣פֶן vine 4
ἀμπέλου a vine. 4
הַגֶּ֙פֶן֙ vine 3
הַגֶּ֔פֶן vine 3
ἄμπελος a vine. 3
גַּפְנוֹ֙ vine 3
הַגֶּ֣פֶן vine 2
הַגֶּ֨פֶן vine 2
גֶּ֖פֶן vine 2
שֹׂרֵ֔ק choice species of vine 2
כְּגֶ֥פֶן vine 1
גַּפְנִי֙ vine 1
וָגֶ֖פֶן vine 1
מִגֶּ֨פֶן vine 1
לַגָּ֑פֶן vine 1
ἀμπέλῳ a vine. 1
גַּפְנ֛וֹ vine 1
גֶּ֭פֶן vine 1
בַּגֶּ֜פֶן vine 1
הַגֶּ֜פֶן vine 1
הַזְּמוֹרָ֕ה branch 1
וּזְמֹרֵיהֶ֖ם branch 1
נְזִירֶ֖ךָ consecrated or devoted one 1
נְזִרֶֽיהָ consecrated or devoted one 1
וְלַשֹּׂרֵקָ֖ה choice species of vine 1
כַּגֶּ֣פֶן vine 1
הַגֶּ֖פֶן vine 1
גַּפְנָ֔ם vine 1
וּבַגֶּ֖פֶן vine 1
לְגֶ֨פֶן vine 1
לְגֶ֔פֶן vine 1
מִגֶּ֤פֶן vine 1
לְגֶ֥פֶן vine 1
כַגֶּ֛פֶן vine 1
גֶ֖פֶן vine 1
לַגֶּ֙פֶן֙ vine 1
ἄμπελον a vine. 1
גֶּ֤פֶן vine 1
כַגָּ֑פֶן vine 1
גָ֑פֶן vine 1
בֵּ֤ן son 1
מִגֶּ֔פֶן vine 1
הַגֶּ֥פֶן vine 1
כַגֶּ֖פֶן vine 1

Definitions Related to Vine

G288


   1 a Vine.
   

H1612


   1 Vine, Vine tree.
      1a of Israel (fig.
      ).
      1b of stars fading at Jehovah’s judgment (metaph.
      ).
      1c of prosperity.
      

H1121


   1 son, grandson, child, member of a group.
      1a son, male child.
      1b grandson.
      1c children (pl.
      —male and female).
      1d youth, young men (pl.
      ).
      1e young (of animals).
      1f sons (as characterisation, ie sons of injustice [for un- righteous men] or sons of God [for angels].
      1g people (of a nation) (pl.
      ).
      1h of lifeless things, ie sparks, stars, arrows (fig.
      ).
      1i a member of a guild, order, class.
      

H8321


   1 choice species of Vine, choice grapes.
   

H5139


   1 consecrated or devoted one, Nazarite.
      1a consecrated one.
      1b devotee, Nazarite.
      1c untrimmed (Vine).
      

H2156


   1 branch, twig, shoot.
   

Frequency of Vine (original languages)

Frequency of Vine (English)

Dictionary

Webster's Dictionary - Water Vine
Any plant of the genus Phytocrene, climbing shrubs of Asia and Africa, the stems of which are singularly porous, and when cut stream with a limpid potable juice.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Vine, Vineyard
VINE, VINEYARD .
The usual Heb. word for ‘vine’ is gephen , used of the grape-vine everywhere except in 2 Kings 4:39 , where gephen sâdeh (lit. ‘field vine’) refers to a wild-gourd vine. Another word, sôrçq ( Isaiah 5:2 , Jeremiah 2:21 ), or sôrçqâh ( Genesis 49:11 ), refers to superior vines with purple grapes.
The vine ( Vitis vinifera ) is supposed to be a native of the shores of the Caspian, but has been cultivated in Palestine from the earliest times, as is witnessed by the extensive remains of ancient vineyards. The climate is peculiarly suited to the grape, which reaches perfection during the prolonged sunshine and the dewy nights of late summer. Vines specially flourish on the hillsides unsuited for cereals ( Jeremiah 31:5 , Amos 9:13 ). Viticulture, which languished for centuries under the Arabs, has recently been revived by the German and Jewish colonies, and millions of imported vines of choice strain have been planted. As in the case of the olive, the culture of the vine needs a peaceful, settled population, as the plants require several years’ care before bearing fruit ( Zephaniah 1:13 ), and constant attention if they are to maintain their excellence; hence to sit under one’s ‘own vine and fig tree’ was a favourite image of peace ( 1 Kings 4:25 , Micah 4:4 , Zechariah 3:10 ). In some districts to-day vines are trained over a trellis at the front door, making a cool summer resort. The Israelites found Palestine ready planted with vineyards ( Deuteronomy 6:11 , Joshua 24:13 , Nehemiah 9:25 ). The steps taken in making a vineyard are described in detail in Isaiah 5:1-30 . The land must be fenced (cf. Psalms 80:12 ), the stones gathered out, the choicest possible plants obtained. A winepress was cut in the rock, and a watch tower ( Isaiah 5:2 , Matthew 21:33 ) was built to guard against intruders. These last included foxes (or jackals) ( Song of Solomon 2:15 ) and boars ( Psalms 80:13 ). In such a tower the owner’s family will probably pass all the grape season; during the vintage a large proportion of the people are to be found living in the vineyards. Every spring the soil between the vines must be dug or ploughed up and the plants pruned ( Leviticus 25:3-4 , Isaiah 5:6 ); neglect of this leads to rapid deterioration of the grapes; only the slothful man could permit his vineyard to be overgrown with ‘thorns and nettles’ and ‘the stone wall thereof to be broken down’ ( Proverbs 24:30-31 ). The clusters of grapes are often enormous (cf. Numbers 13:23 ). When the vintage is over and the leaves turn sere and yellow, the vineyards have a very desolate look ( Isaiah 34:4 ). The failure of the vintage was looked upon as one of God’s terrible punishments ( Psalms 78:47 , Jeremiah 8:13 , Habakkuk 3:17 ), and a successful and prolonged vintage as a sign of blessing ( Leviticus 26:5 ). Of the vast quantities of grapes produced in ancient times a large proportion was, without doubt, converted into dibs (Arab. [1] ) or grape honey (cf. Heb. dĕbash = ‘honey’), a form of thick, intensely sweet grape juice, which is still made in considerable quantities in Syria, but which must have been much more important in the days when cane sugar was unknown. Many references to ‘honey’ probably refer to this product rather than to that of the bee.
Israel is compared to a vine in Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 17:1-24 , Isaiah 5:1-30 , and Psalms 80:1-19 . The vine-leaf was a favourite design on Jewish coins. The numerous references to the vine in the NT ( e.g . Matthew 20:1 ff; Matthew 21:28 ; Matthew 21:33 ff., John 15:1-27 ) point to the continued importance of viticulture in those days.
Vine of Sodom ( Deuteronomy 32:32 ). If the reference is to any particular plant which is very doubtful the most probable is the colocynth ( Citrullus colocynthis ); see Gourd. The apple-sized fruit of the curious ‘osher ( Calotropis procera ) has been suggested; but though this answers well to the description by Josephus ( BJ IV. viii. 4) of the ‘fruits of Sodom’ which vanish into ashes, so substantial a tree, with its cork-like bark and large glossy leaves, could in no sense be called a vine.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Vine
One of the most important products of Palestine. The first mention of it is in the history of Noah (Genesis 9:20 ). It is afterwards frequently noticed both in the Old and New Testaments, and in the ruins of terraced vineyards there are evidences that it was extensively cultivated by the Jews. It was cultivated in Palestine before the Israelites took possession of it. The men sent out by Moses brought with them from the Valley of Eshcol a cluster of grapes so large that "they bare it between two upon a staff" (Numbers 13 :: 23 ). The vineyards of En-gedi (Song of Solomon 1:14 ), Heshbon, Sibmah, Jazer, Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8-10 ; Jeremiah 48:32,34 ), and Helbon (Ezekiel 27:18 ), as well as of Eshcol, were celebrated. The Church is compared to a vine (Psalm 80:8 ), and Christ says of himself, "I am the vine" (John 15:1 ). In one of his parables also (Matthew 21:33 ) our Lord compares his Church to a vineyard which "a certain householder planted, and hedged round about," etc.
Hosea 10:1 is rendered in the Revised Version, "Israel is a luxuriant vine, which putteth forth his fruit," instead of "Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself," of the Authorized Version.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Vine of Sodom
Referred to only in Deuteronomy 32:32 . Among the many conjectures as to this tree, the most probable is that it is the 'osher of the Arabs, which abounds in the region of the Dead Sea. Its fruit are the so-called "apples of Sodom," which, though beautiful to the eye, are exceedingly bitter to the taste. (See EN-GEDI.) The people of Israel are referred to here by Moses as being utterly corrupt, bringing forth only bitter fruit.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Vine of Sodom
occurs only in (32:32) It is generally supposed that this passage alludes to the celebrated apples of Sodom, of which Josephus speaks, "which indeed resemble edible fruit in color, but, on being plucked by the hand, are dissolved into smoke and ashes." It has been variously identified. Dr. Robinson pronounced in favor of the 'osher fruit, the Asclepias (Calotropis) procera of botanists. He says, "The fruit greatly resembles externally a large smooth apple or orange, hanging in clusters of three or four together, and when ripe is of a yellow color. It is now fair and delicious to the eye and soft to the touch but, on being pressed or struck, it explodes with a puff: like a bladder or puff-hall, leaving in the hand only the shreds of the thin rind and a few fibres. It is indeed filled chiefly with air, which gives it the round form." Dr. Hooker writes," The vine of Sodom always thought might refer to Cucumis calocynthis , which is bitter end powders inside; the term vine would scarcely be given to any but a trailing or other plant of the habit of a vine." His remark that the term vine must refer to some plant of the habit of a vine is conclusive against the claims of all the plants hitherto identified with the vine of Sodom.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Vine,
the well-known valuable plant (vitis vinifera ) very frequently referred to in the Old and New Testaments, and cultivated from the earliest times. The first mention of this plant occurs in ( Genesis 9:20,21 ) That it was abundantly cultivated in Egypt is evident from the frequent representations on the monuments, as well as from the scriptural allusions. (Genesis 40:9-11 ; Psalm 78:47 ) The vines of Palestine were celebrated both for luxuriant growth and for the immense clusters of grapes which they produced, which were sometimes carried on a staff between two men, as in the case of the spies, (Numbers 13:23 ) and as has been done in some instances in modern times. Special mention is made in the Bible of the vines of Eshcol, (Numbers 13:24 ; 32:9 ) of Sibmah, Heshbon and Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8,9,10 ; Jeremiah 48:32 ) and of Engedi. (Song of Solomon 1:14 ) From the abundance and excellence of the vines, it may readily be understood how frequently this plant is the subject of metaphor in the Holy Scriptures. To dwell under the vine and tree is an emblem of domestic happiness and peace, (1 Kings 4:25 ; Psalm 128:3 ; Micah 4:4 ) the rebellious people of Israel are compared to "wild grapes," "an empty vine," "the degenerate plant of a strange vine," etc. (Isaiah 6:2,4 ; Jeremiah 2:21 ; Hosea 10:1 ) It is a vine which our Lord selects to show the spiritual union which subsists between himself and his members. (John 15:1-6 ) The ancient Hebrews probably allowed the vine to go trailing on the ground or upon supports. This latter mode of cultivation appears to be alluded to by Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 19:11,12 ) The vintage, which formerly was a season of general festivity, began in September. The towns were deserted; the people lived among the vineyards in the lodges and tents. Comp. (Judges 8:27 ; Isaiah 16:10 ; Jeremiah 25:30 ) The grapes were gathered with shouts of joy by the "grape gatherers," (Jeremiah 25:30 ) and put into baskets. See (Jeremiah 6:9 ) They were then carried on the head and shoulders, or slung upon a yoke, to the "wine-press." Those intended for eating were perhaps put into flat open baskets of wickerwork, as was the custom in Egypt. In Palestine, at present, the finest grapes, says Dr. Robinson, are dried as raisins, and the juice of the remainder, after having been trodden and pressed, "is boiled down to a sirup, which, under the name of dibs , is much used by all classes, wherever vineyards are found, as a condiment with their food." The vineyard, which was generally on a hill, ( Isaiah 5:1 ; Jeremiah 31:5 ; Amos 9:13 ) was surrounded by a wall or hedge in order to keep out the wild boars, (Psalm 80:13 ) jackals and foxes. (Numbers 22:24 ; Nehemiah 4:3 ; Song of Solomon 2:15 ; Ezekiel 13:4,5 ; Matthew 21:33 ) Within the vineyard was one or more towers of stone in which the vine-dressers lived. (Isaiah 1:8 ; 5:2 ; Matthew 21:33 ) The vat, which was dug, (Matthew 21:33 ) or hewn out of the rocky soil, and the press, were part of the vineyard furniture. (Isaiah 5:2 )
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Vine
(ἄμπελος, βότρυς, ἀμπελών)
Apart from the Gospels, the only books in the NT containing a reference to the vine or to grapes are the Epistle of St. James (James 3:12) and the Apocalypse (Revelation 14:18). In 1 Corinthians 9:7 a vineyard supplies the subject for one of St. Paul’s rhetorical questions. Wine is frequently alluded to, chiefly in apostolic exhortations against excess in this direction (see article Abstinence).
In the apocalyptic vision, as elsewhere in the NT, the work of judgment is compared to the vintage. In the OT both the vintage and the wheat-harvest are used as similes of the overthrow of the enemies of Jahweh, but here the wheat-harvest represents the ingathering of the faithful (see article Harvest).
In Palestine the vintage is the latest crop gathered in the autumn. In the warmer parts of the country it commences at the beginning of September. There are few countries so well adapted for the cultivation of the vine, and the extensiveness of the industry in ancient times is attested by the numerous presses and vats found all over the country. From the Mishna we learn that vine-culture was still flourishing about a.d. 200, but with the coming of the Arabs it almost entirely disappeared. Within the last century, however, it has revived under European influence, and large numbers of imported vines have been planted by German and Jewish colonists.
The mode of their cultivation depends on the natural characteristics of the particular district. In very stony soils parallel ridges are made of the loose stones, and the vines are planted near the side of one or other of these ridges. The shoots are trained up these primitively constructed walls, carried over the top, and brought down to the other sides by stones attached to them. Where, however, the conditions permit, and the vineyards are extensive, the plants are arranged at a considerable distance apart, and are allowed to grow to a height of about 6 or 8 ft.; the bearing shoots supported by poles are carried horizontally across to the adjoining row. In ancient times they were carefully fenced in to protect them from human spoliators, on the one hand, and from the trespasses of sheep and cattle, whose partiality for vine-leaves is well known, on the other (cf. Psalms 80:12-13, Ca 2:15, Isaiah 5:2). Apparently every vineyard had its own wine-press. In many cases it is difficult to say whether the fruit-press under consideration was an olive-press or a wine-press. Those which are deep and well adapted for treading were probably wine-presses.
No doubt many of the large quantities of grapes produced in olden days were used for dibs, a thick sweet juice which is still made in Syria, and which was probably used to a much greater extent in ancient times when cane-sugar was unknown.
See, further, articles Abstinence, Harvest.
Literature.-H. B. Tristram, The Natural History of the Bible10, London, 1911, pp. 402-413; W. M. Thomson, The Land and the Book, 3 vols., ed. do., 1881-86, passim; J. C. Geikie, The Holy Land and the Bible, do., 1903, pp. 50-52, 74; H. B. Swete, The Apocalypse of St. John 2, do., 1907, p. 254 f.: J. B. Mayor, The Epistle of St. James 3, do., 1910, p. 125 C. Bigg, International Critical Commentary , ‘The Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude,’ Edinburgh, 1901, p. 168; The Speaker’s Commentary, iii. [1] 776; R. A. S. Macalister, The Excavation of Gezer, 3 vols., do., 1912, passim; Dict. of Christ and the Gospels ii. 800 f., 824; Hastings’ Single-vol. Dictionary of the Bible , pp. 959, 973 f.; Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) iv. 868-870.
P. S. P. Handcock.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Vine
Noah appears as its first cultivator (Genesis 9:20-21); he probably preserved the knowledge of its cultivation from the antediluvian world. Pharaoh's dream (Genesis 40:9-11, see Speaker's Commentary) implies its prevalence in Egypt; this is confirmed by the oldest Egyptian monuments. So also Psalms 78:47. Osiris the Egyptian god is represented as first introducing the vine. Wine in Egypt was the beverage of the rich people; beer was the drink of the poor people. The very early monuments represent the process of fermenting wine. The spies bore a branch with one cluster of grapes between two on a staff from the brook Eshcol. Bunches are found in Palestine of ten pounds weight (Reland Palest., 351). Kitto (Phys. Hist. Palest., p. 330) says a bunch from a Syrian vine was sent as a present from the Duke of Portland to the Marquis of Rockingham, weighing 19 pounds, and was carried on a staff by four, two bearing it in rotation.
Sibmah, Heshbon, and Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8-10; Jeremiah 48:31) and Engedi (Song of Solomon 1:14) were famous for their vines. Judah with its hills and tablelands was especially suited for vine cultivation; "binding his foal unto the vine and his ass' colt unto the choice vine he washed his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of grapes, his eyes shall be red with wine" (Genesis 49:11-12). Both Isaiah (Isaiah 5) and the Lord Jesus make a vineyard with fence and tower, the stones being gathered out, the image of Judah (Matthew 21:33). Israel is the vine brought out of Egypt, and planted by Jehovah in the land of promise (Psalms 80:8; compare Isaiah 27:2-3). The "gathering out of the stones" answers to God's dislodging the original inhabitants before Israel, and the "fencing" to God's protection of Israel from surrounding enemies.
"The choicest vine" (sowreq , still in Morocco called serki , the grapes have scarcely perceptible stones; Judges 16:4 mentions a town called from this choice vine Sorek) is the line of holy patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joshua, etc. The square "tower" was to watch against depredations, and for the owner's use; the "fence" to keep out wild boars, foxes, jackals, etc. (Psalms 80:13; Song of Solomon 2:15). The "fence" may represent the law, the "stones" gathered out Jerome thinks are the idols; the "tower" the temple "in the midst" of Judaea; the "winepress," generally hewn out of the rocky soil, the altar. The vine stem is sometimes more than a foot in diameter, and 30 ft. in height.
"To dwell under the vine and fig tree" symbolizes peace and prosperity (1 Kings 4:25). When apostate, Israel was "an empty vine," "the degenerate plant of a strange vine," "bringing forth fruit unto himself" not unto God (Jeremiah 2:21; Hosea 10:1). In Ezekiel 15:2-4 God asks "what is the vine wood more than any tree?" i.e., what is its preeminence? None. Nay the reverse. Other trees yield good timber; but vine wood is soft, brittle, crooked, and seldom large; "will men take a pin of it, to hang any vessel thereon?" not even a "pin" or wooden peg can be made of it. Its sole excellence above all trees is its fruit; when not fruit bearing it is inferior to other trees. So, if God's people lose their distinctive excellency by not bearing fruits of righteousness, they are more unprofitable than the worldly, for they are the vine, the sole end of their being is to bear fruit to His glory.
In all respects, except in bearing fruit unto God, Israel was inferior to other nations, as Egypt, Nineveh, Babylon, in antiquity, extent, resources, military power, arts and sciences. Its only use when fruitless is to be "cast into the fire for fuel." Gephen is a general term for the vine, from whence the town Gophna, now Jifna, is named. Νazir is "the undressed vine," one every seventh and 50th year left unpruned. The vine is usually planted on the side of a terraced hill, the old branches trailing along the ground and the fruit bearing shoots being raised on forked sticks. Robinson saw the vine trained near Hebron in rows eight or ten feet apart; when the stock is six or eight feet high, it is fastened in a sloping direction to a stake, and the shoots extend front one plant to another, forming a line of festoons; sometimes two rows slant toward each other and form an arch.
Sometimes the vine is trained over a rough wall three feet high, sometimes over a wooden framework so that the foliage affords a pleasant shade (1 Kings 4:25). The vintage is in September. The people leave the towns and live in lodges and tents among the vineyards (Judges 9:27); sometimes even before the vintage (Song of Solomon 7:11-12). The grape gatherers plied their work with shouts of joy (Jeremiah 25:30). The finest grapes in Palestine are now dried as raisins, tsimuq . The juice of the rest, is boiled down to a syrup, called fibs, much used as an accompaniment of foods. The vine was Judaea's emblem on Maccabean coins, and in the golden cluster over the porch of the second temple. It is still to be seen on their oldest tombstones in Europe. The Lord Jesus is the antitypical vine (John 15).
Every branch in Jesus He "pruneth," with afflictions, that it may bring forth more fruit. So each believer becomes "pure" ("pruned," katharoi , answering to kathairei , "He purgeth" or pruneth). The printing is first in March, when the clusters begin to form. The twig formed subsequently has time to shoot by April, when, if giving no promise, it is again lopped off; so again in May, if fruitless; at last it is thrown into the fire. On the road from Akka to Jerusalem, Robinson saw an upper ledge of rock scooped into a shallow trough, in which the grapes were trodden, and by a hole in the bottom the juice passed into a lower vat three feet deep, four square (Bib. Res. 3:137). Other winepresses were of wood; thus the stone ones became permanent landmarks (Judges 7:25). The vine is the emblem, as of Christ, so of the church and each believer.
Vine of Sodom. Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:10; Jeremiah 23:14. (See APPLES OF SODOM.) J.D. Hooper objects to the Calotropis or Αsclepias procera , the osher of the Arabs, that the term "vine" would scarcely be given to any but a trailing or other plant of the habit of a vine, and that its beautiful silky cotton within would never suggest the idea of anything but what is exquisitely lovely. He therefore prefers the Cucumis colocynthis. Tacitus writes, "all herbs growing along the Dead Sea are blackened by its exhalations, and so blasted as to vanish into ashes" (Hist. 5:7).
Josephus (B. J. 4:8, section 4) says" the ashes of the five cities still grow in their fruits, which have a color as if they were fit to be eaten, but if you pluck them they dissolve into smoke and ashes." The Asclepius gigantea or Calotropis has a trunk six or eight inches in diameter, and from ten to 15 ft. high, the bark cork-like and grey. The yellow apple-like fruit is yellow and soft and tempting to the eye, but when pressed explodes with a puff, leaving in the hand only shreds and fibres. The acrid juice suggests the gall in Deuteronomy 32:32, "their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter."
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Vine
See GRAPES.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Vine, Allegory of the
VINE, ALLEGORY OF THE.—In the allegory of the vine (John 15:1-10) Christ describes the close relation which exists between the disciples and Himself, and impresses on them the necessity of the continuance of this intimate union as the indispensable condition of fruitfulness on their part. The figurative side of the allegory is not developed first and then followed by the interpretation, but figure and interpretation are woven together throughout the passage. When we separate them we find that the figurative material is comparatively slight. It presents to us the picture of a vine tended by a husbandman who takes away the unfruitful branches and cleanses the fruitful, i.e. cuts off from them all useless shoots, that they may become more productive. Attention is also directed to the fact that the unfailing condition of fruit-bearing is that the branch abide in the vine. If by any chance it is separated from the parent stock, it is of no more use, but is cast forth from the vineyard and withers away, and is fit only for firewood.
In the interpretation Christ Himself is the vine (‘the true vine’ is the phrase used, of which we shall discuss the significance presently); His Father is the husbandman, believers, especially the disciples, are the branches. As there are unfruitful branches in the natural vine, so there may be some who, in spite of their communion with Christ, yet prove unproductive. The fate which overtakes them is similar to that of the unfruitful branches of the natural vine. The Heavenly Husbandman severs the connexion between them and Christ (John 15:2 a). Wherein fruitfulness consists Christ does not say. Some take it as the keeping of His commandments (John 15:10), and the practice of that righteousness whereby the soundness of the tree is proved (Matthew 7:16; Matthew 7:20-21), while others think specially of that Apostolic work which is to fall to the disciples (so Bruce, Training of the Twelve, p. 402). By the cleansing of the branches (John 15:2 b) we must understand such Divine dealings as tend to greater fruitfulness in the life of the believer. The process of cleansing in the natural vine suggests to us the chastening discipline to which the Father subjects believers (so de Wette). But in proceeding to speak of the disciples, to whom He now directly refers as the branches, Christ gives a more general interpretation of the figure of cleansing. They are already clean, He says (John 15:3), on account of the word which He has spoken to them, i.e. the revelation He has given them has had a purifying influence upon their life. The vital matter for them is to continue in such close relationship to Christ, whose word has had this cleansing influence upon them, that they may ever remain clean. Therefore He proceeds to insist upon the necessity of their abiding in Him, i.e. making Him the source from which they derive all their strength and nourishment (John 15:4). This is the indispensable condition of fruitfulness in the spiritual life (John 15:4-5).
Before proceeding to describe with greater fulness the blessed results that follow from such close adherence to Him, Christ pauses to indicate the fate of those who sever their connexion with Him (John 15:6). They are like the branches that have been broken off from the vine, which are cast out of the vineyard and wither away, and are gathered together and burned. Some would find an exact equivalent to all the details in this description. The casting forth corresponds to their exclusion from the Church, the withering to their loss of spiritual life, the gathering to the work of the angels (Matthew 13:30; Matthew 13:39), and the fire to Gehenna. In any case the language indicates the certainty of the destruction that awaits all who break away from their adherence to Christ. In contrast to this, Christ proceeds to describe the condition of those who abide in Him. United to Him in close communion, they will obtain whatsoever they ask (John 15:7). The result will be abundant fruitfulness to the glory of the Father, whereby they will become true disciples of Christ (John 15:8). The exhortation to abide in Him is finally strengthened by an appeal to the example of God and Christ in their relation to one another. Christ’s love to the disciples is like the love of the Father to the Son. As Christ abides in the love of the Father by keeping His commandments, so will the disciples abide in the love of the Son if they keep His commandments (John 15:9-10).
Such is the course of the allegory. The following points in connexion with it may be briefly discussed:
1. What is meant by the true (ἀληθινή) vine? It is often taken as suggesting that the natural vine only imperfectly represents the idea of the communion of Christ with believers. But why should the vine be selected rather than any other plant? And in what respect is the organic relationship suggested by the figure only imperfectly represented by the natural vine? H. Holtzmann understands the phrase as meaning that Christ is the vine which belongs to the higher world and has been planted by God in the midst of mankind; and he finds here another instance of the Platonic tendency of the Fourth Gospel to regard sensible things as imperfect copies of archetypes which exist in the world above (Handcom. ad loc. and p. 35). Calvin takes the phrase as equivalent to ‘Ego vere sum vitis’; and van Koetsveld (De Gelijkenissen van den Zaligmaker, ii. 199 f.), on the analogy of the true light (John 1:9), and the true bread (John 6:32-35), understands it as meaning the vine which may be called so in truth, and does not merely bear the name and appearance of such. But in the case of the true light and the true bread we can understand the force of the adjective in this sense, as light and bread are metaphors which we are in the habit of employing in a spiritual reference, and it is proper to emphasize the fact that, for the illumination and nourishment of the spiritual life, a higher light and bread than the natural are necessary. But before we can understand the force of the adjective as applied to the vine, we must recognize in what sense it is appropriate to introduce the vine metaphorically in a religious reference. The Old Testament supplies the connexion. The vine was a familiar metaphor as applied to Israel (Jeremiah 2:21, Ezekiel 15:1 ff; Ezekiel 19:10 ff., Psalms 80:8 ff., cf. Isaiah 5:1 ff.). But Israel had proved unfaithful to her calling. She had ‘turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine’ (Jeremiah 2:21). Delitzsch has further pointed out that the vine is used as a symbol of the Messiah (Iris, English translation pp. 184–186). It is with reference to this familiar metaphor that Christ calls Himself the true vine. The idea that was held before Israel in the prophetic application to her of the figure of the vine is realized in Him and His disciples.
2. What is the relationship between Christ and the disciples indicated by the mutual abiding in one another? Viewed from the side of the disciples, this relation is presented as an injunction, ‘Abide in me’; from the side of Christ as a promise, ‘and I in you,’ i.e. and I will abide in you (John 15:4). This is the usual interpretation of the verse, though Bengel makes the injunction embrace the whole: ‘Facite ut maneatis in me et ut ego maneam in vobis.’ In the following verses more particular statements occur, which seem to define more clearly the relationship thus indicated. But the difficulty is to determine to which of the sides of the relationship the statements in question apply. Thus in John 15:7 we have the phrase, ‘If ye abide in me and my words abide in you.’ Does the latter clause take the place of the ‘and I in you’ of John 15:4, or is it a fuller description of the clause immediately preceding it, thus corresponding to the ‘abide in me’ of John 15:4? Either view may be adopted with some show of reason. In support of the first, it may be pointed out that, on this interpretation, the phrase exactly corresponds to the ‘He that abideth in me and I in him’ of John 15:5. On the other hand, when it is remembered that the ‘and I in you’ of John 15:4 contains a promise, and that in John 15:7 the two clauses together embrace the condition upon which the promise which immediately follows (‘ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you’) depends, there seems good ground for taking the clause ‘and my words abide in you’ as a more definite statement of what is involved in our abiding in Christ; while the promise which immediately succeeds may be regarded as presenting under a new aspect what is meant by Christ’s abiding in us.
Again, in John 15:9 we have another aspect of abiding presented, ‘Abide ye in my love,’ i.e. continue to be the objects of my love. Here again the question arises, To which of the two abidings does the phrase apply? To our abiding in Christ, or to Christ’s abiding in us? The parallelism of the phrase to the ‘abide in me’ of John 15:4 favours the first alternative. On the other hand, it may be pointed out that while the phrase occurs in John 15:9 as an injunction, it is repeated in John 15:10 as a promise, conditional on our keeping Christ’s commandments. Now, in the interpretation of John 15:7 suggested above, to have Christ’s words abiding in us, i.e. to keep His commandments, corresponds to the ‘abide in me’ of John 15:4. Here, therefore, the promise which is held forth to those who keep the commandments, i.e. to those who abide in Christ, will correspond to the promise of John 15:4, and to abide in Christ’s love will represent under a new aspect what is meant by Christ’s abiding in us.
Each of the ways of regarding the verses in question yields a view of the relationship of the believer and Christ to one another which seems to be true in fact, and to harmonize with the general Johannine conception of that relationship. To have Christ’s words abiding in us is a phrase which, in view of the importance assigned in this Gospel to the word, may well represent what is meant by abiding in Christ. It is in the word that Christ reveals Himself, and that only is the true relationship to His Person which involves trustful acceptance of, and obedience to, His word (John 8:31; John 14:15; John 14:21). On the other hand, just because of the importance thus assigned to the word as that through which Christ reveals Himself, the phrase may likewise denote the manner in which Christ abides in the believer. The sanctifying power of the word has already been referred to in the passage (John 15:3). The words which Christ speaks, they are spirit and they are life (John 6:63), and to have them abiding in us is already to have everlasting life (John 5:24). In like manner, to abide in Christ’s love is a phrase which may equally well describe either our abiding in Him or His abiding in us. Our abiding in Christ may in John 15:4 be the condition upon which the promise of Christ’s abiding in us is given. But in the spiritual life it is difficult to draw a hard and fast line between conditions and consequences. The conditions upon which promises or blessing are fulfilled become an integral part of the blessedness bestowed. To abide in Christ’s love is at once the condition and the constituent of spiritual blessedness. It is at once our abiding in Christ and Christ’s abiding in us. These two abidings seem to be the same relation regarded from different sides. On the one side we have the subjective aspect of the relation presented, on the other the objective (Weiss, Die johan. Grundbegriffe, p. 71); on the one side the attitude of faith towards the Saviour, on the other the response of the Saviour to the faith which unites the believer to Him. See also art. Abiding.
3. Can we accept the allegory as authentic in its present form? It has been felt by some that that form is far from satisfactory. Illustration and interpretation are mixed together throughout. No clear and connected picture, of which the details are in due course interpreted, is brought before the mind; but the figure of the vine is used as the foundation upon which is based a series of metaphors, loosely strung together, describing the relation of Christ and the believer to one another. When we compare it with the parables and similitudes of the Synoptic Gospels, we realize at once what a vast difference there is between them. It has been suggested that the allegory of the vine may have been originally a parable which John has worked up into its present form. B. Weiss believes he can find the original elements in John 15:2; John 15:4; John 15:6, and thinks that it had taught that, as the husbandman does all in his power to make the vine productive, but if his efforts are in vain casts forth the worthless branches and burns them up, so God’s purpose in the planting of the Kingdom of God in Israel had been to increase the fruitfulness of its members, and if that purpose is not fulfilled the only result will be the exclusion of Israel from the Kingdom. The main point in the parable could not have been that the increasing fruitfulness of the branches depended upon their abiding in the vine, but that this abiding might be forfeited by continued unfruitfulness. But the Evangelist, who ever puts the personal relation to Christ in the foreground, made this abiding in Christ as the condition of fruitfulness in the religious life the central thought, though in John 15:2; John 15:6 the original tendency of the parable is still apparent (in Meyer’s Kommentar, 1893, ad loc., and Leben Jesu ii. 334 ff.). Jülicher thinks that Weiss is influenced by a desire to make John approach as closely as possible to the Synoptists; and while he does not believe the allegory as preserved by John to be genuine, confesses himself unable to conjecture what its original form was, supposing it to be based upon authentic reminiscences (Die Gleichnisreden Jesu, 1888, pp. 120, 196).
4. Is the present place of the allegory in the Gospel the correct one? Sanday (Fourth Gospel, p. 231) thinks that it belongs to an earlier and more didactic period in the life of Christ, and that it is out of place in the present speech, of which the object is to comfort the disciples in view of their Lord’s departure. De Wette and B. Weiss bring forward the same objection. The latter thinks that the allegory in its original parabolic form, of which the main point was a warning against unfruitfulness, belongs to the period of crisis in the life of Christ, when the multitudes who had been attracted to Him fell away, and He foresaw that even one of the Twelve was to prove unfaithful. The Evangelist has brought together in these farewell speeches all that seemed to deal with the self-revelation of Christ to believers; and as the interpretation which he put upon the allegory, by making the central point of it an exhortation to abide in Christ, led him to include it in this category, he has inserted it here (Leben Jesu, ii. 334). Bruce meets the objection that the allegory is out of place in the farewell discourse, by showing that Christ’s object in that discourse is not merely to comfort the disciples in view of His departure, but to prepare them for the continuance of His work. When we realize that this is the purpose of the speech in which it occurs, the aptness of the allegory cannot, he thinks, be questioned (Training of the Twelve, p. 401).
Literature.—The various commentaries and works on NT theology; Wendt, Lehre Jesu, ii. 497 f.; Weiss, Die johan. Grundbegriffe, § 8; van Koetsveld, De Gelijkenissen van den Zaligmaker, ii. 194–204. For homiletical treatment see Maclaren, Holy of Holies, 168 ff.; Macmillan, Bible Teachings in Nature, 174; A. Whyte, Walk, Conversation, and Character of Jesus Christ, ch. xxxiv.; A. Murray, Abide in Christ, passim; Westcott, Revelation of the Father, 119; P. J. Maclagan, Gospel View of Things, 146; ExpT [1] ix. [2] 211.
G. Wauchope Stewart.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Vine, Vineyard
VINE, VINEYARD (ἀμπελών).—Vine-culture was one of the oldest industries in Palestine. This is attested by the presence of rock-hewn wine-presses and traces of ancient vine terraces where all is wilderness to-day. Work in the vineyard furnished occupation to many (Matthew 20:1 ff; Matthew 21:28). Landowners planted vineyards, and let them to husbandmen (Matthew 21:33 ff. etc.). The vineyard requires much care and attention. It is surrounded by a dry-stone wall, a bank of thorns, or fence of prickly pear. If it be on a slope, the terraces must be kept in good repair, lest the soil be washed away by winter rains. The ground is well worked with the hoe, and thoroughly cleansed of alien roots. Pruning is done in Dec. or Jan.; the blossom is out in April and May; the vintage is general in Sept. [1] , but somewhat earlier in the Jordan Valley. The ‘tower’ (Matthew 21:33 etc.) is the shelter for the watchman who guards the crop against injury from man and beast.
The familiar form of the vine, with its abundant and luxuriant branches, would lend itself all the more readily to the allegorical use of Jesus, inasmuch as ‘in the OT, and partially in Jewish thought, the vine was the symbol of Israel, not in their national, but in their Church capacity’ (Edersheim, LT [2].] ii. 520; cf. John 15). See next article.
The fig and the vine are often closely associated (Luke 13:6). The mod. Arab, karm stands for both vineyard and fig-orchard. From the Mishna we gather that 200 years after Christ vine-culture was still a flourishing industry in Palestine. With the coming of the Arabs, vineyards almost entirely disappeared. During the last cent. the industry has in some measure revived under the influence of the German and Jewish colonists in Palestine, and the French in the Lebanon. Both E. and W. of Jordan the vine is now largely cultivated. The grapes of Eshcol are in high repute.
W. Ewing.
Webster's Dictionary - Arbor Vine
A species of bindweed.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Vine
Any plant having a flexible stem supported by creeping along a surface or by climbing a natural or artificial support. While ancient Israel grew different types of plants that produced vines, such as cucumbers and melons (Numbers 11:5 ; Isaiah 1:8 ), the word vine in the Bible almost always refers to the grapevine or vineyard. The climate of Palestine was well suited for growing vineyards. Along with the olive and fig trees, the grapevine is used throughout the Old Testament to symbolize the fertility of the land ( Deuteronomy 6:11 ; Joshua 24:13 ; 1 Samuel 8:14 ; 2 Kings 5:26 ; Jeremiah 5:17 ; Jeremiah 40:10 ; Hosea 2:12 ).
The origin of viticulture lies in the antiquity of the unknown past. The Bible traces the origin of caring for vineyards to the time of Noah (Genesis 9:20-21 ). Such knowledge seems to have been an indigenous undertaking known in many regions of the ancient world. References to vineyards appear from the time of Gudea (a ruler in ancient Sumer before 2100 B.C.). A wall painting found in a tomb at Thebes in Egypt, dating from before 1400 B.C., depicts the entire process of wine making from the gathering and treading of the grapes to the storing of the wine in jars.
The planting and care of a vineyard required constant and intensive care. The most detailed description of the work involved is found in Isaiah 5:1-6 . Hillsides are frequently mentioned as the most desirable locations for the vines, especially since they were less suitable for other forms of agriculture (compare Psalm 80:8-10 ; Jeremiah 31:5 ; Amos 9:13 ). However, vineyards were also grown in the plains and valleys; the Hebron area was particularly noted for its grapes (Numbers 13:22-24 ).
Stone walls and/or hedges were usually built around the vineyard to protect the grapes from thirsty animals and from thieves (Song of Song of Solomon 2:15 ; Jeremiah 49:9 ). Watchtowers were also built to provide further protection. The hewing out of a winepress or vat completed the vineyard installation (Isaiah 5:2 ). During the harvesting season, the owner of the vineyard might live in a booth to stay close to his valuable crop (Isaiah 1:8 ).
After the grapes had set on the branches, the vines were pruned (Leviticus 25:4 ; Isaiah 18:5 ; John 15:1-2 ). This process produced stronger branches and a greater fruit yield. The pruned branches were useless except to be used as fuel (Ezekiel 15:2-8 ). The vines for the most past were allowed to run on the ground, though occasionally they might climb a nearby tree (compare Psalm 80:8-10 ; Ezekiel 15:2 ; Ezekiel 19:11 ). Perhaps it was this latter occurrence that made it possible for a man to “sit under” his vine (1 Kings 4:25 ). Only in the Roman period were artificial trellises introduced.
The harvest of the grapes took place in August or September. How many grapes an average vineyard produced is unknown (compare Isaiah 5:10 ), but a vineyard was considered so important that a man who had planted one was exempt from military service (Deuteronomy 20:6 ). Some of the harvested grapes were eaten fresh (Jeremiah 31:29 ), and others dried into raisins (1 Samuel 25:18 ). Most were squeezed for their juice to make wine.
Several laws governed the use of vineyards in Old Testament times. Vineyards could not be stripped totally of their grapes; the owner was to allow gleanings for the poor and the sojourner (Leviticus 19:10 ), and the fatherless and the widow (Deuteronomy 24:21 ). See Exodus 23:10-11 ; Leviticus 25:3-5 ), and other plants could not be sown in them (Deuteronomy 22:9 ). This latter law apparently was not followed by New Testament times (compare Luke 13:6 ). Vineyards were cultivated by their owners, hired laborers (Matthew 20:1-16 ), or rented out to others (Song of Song of Solomon 8:11 ; Matthew 21:33-43 ).
The Bible frequently uses vine or vineyard as symbols. Vine is often used in speaking of Israel. Thus Israel is said to have been brought out of Egypt and planted as a vine on the land but was forsaken ( Psalm 80:8-13 ; compare Isaiah 5:1-7 ). Israel was planted a “choice vine” but became a “wild vine” (Jeremiah 2:21 ; compare Hosea 10:1 ). As the dead wood of a vine is good for nothing but fuel, so the inhabitants of Jerusalem would be consumed (Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 19:10-14 ).
On the other hand, the abundance of vines and vineyards were seen as expressions of God's favor. The fruit of the vine gladdens the heart of humankind (Psalm 104:15 ; Ecclesiastes 10:19 ) and suppresses pain and misery (Proverbs 31:6-7 ). Israel was “like grapes in the wilderness” when God found them (Hosea 9:10 ), and the remnant surviving the Exile is compared to a cluster of grapes (Isaiah 65:8 ). Finally, an abundance of the vine symbolizes the glorious age to come when the treader of the grapes will overtake the one who sows the seed (Amos 9:13-15 ; compare Genesis 49:10-12 )
In the New Testament, Jesus often used the vineyard as an analogy for the kingdom of God (Matthew 20:1-16 ). Those who hope to enter the kingdom must be like the son who at first refused to work in his father's vineyard but later repented and went (Matthew 21:28-32 and parallels). Ultimately, Jesus Himself is described as the “true vine” and His disciples (Christians) as the branches ( John 15:1-11 ). See Agriculture ; Eschatology ; Israel ; Wine, Winepress.
John C. H. Laughlin
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Vine
VINE, VINEYARD
The holy Scriptures abound with the most lovely representations of Christ and his church under these similitude's; and it is not to be wondered at. The hill-country of Judea abounded with the richest and most luxurious vines. Therefore when the church would speak of her beloved, she called him, "a cluster of cypress in the vineyards of Engedi." (Song of Song of Solomon 1:14) And evidently on this account, because Jesus is not one blessing, but every one and all. In his person, blood, and righteousness, the church finds an Eshcol, a cluster of all divine perfections, all suited grace, all glory. Hence some read the words of the church in this lovely song, Esh col copher, that is, the man that hath atoned, and is all things of blessing.
And as the church, taught by the Holy Ghost, sings her Epithalamium, or nuptial song, to the praise of Jesus, under the similitude, the Lord Jesus sings his love-song to the same figure: "I am the vine, saith Jesus, and ye are the branches." (John 15:1, etc.) But I must not enlarge on those topics, how sweet soever they are. The reader will find numberless clusters of them in the sacred word. (Genesis 49:11; Psalms 80:1 etc. Song of Song of Solomon 7:8-12, etc.)
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Vine
This plant is used as a type of the nation of Israel, and of other nations. Sometimes it is spoken of as a good vine, and in other passages as a vine that was unprofitable and that brought forth evil fruit. GOD speaks of this vine as His own planting, when it refers to Israel. He expected it to bring forth good fruit that would be for His glory, and would bring joy to His heart. Instead of doing so, it brought forth evil fruit in most of the cases where it refers to Israel.
Genesis 49:11 (b) This vine is Israel. Judah was tied to Israel by blood bonds, and his children also bore the same relationship.
Deuteronomy 32:32 (a) The vine in this case refers to the wicked cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. It is in contrast with what they should be, the vine of Israel. GOD is telling us that Israel had become so corrupt that they were more like those two wicked cities than like His city, and their works were as evil as those of Sodom.
Judges 9:12 (b) Jotham is telling the people of Israel that they have invited a weak, helpless person to be their king, because he considered that Abimelech was an incompetent man.
Psalm 80:8 (a) The nation of Israel is compared to the vine. GOD brought them from Egypt and placed them in the land of Palestine. They replaced the heathen nations whom GOD enabled Joshua to conquer.
Psalm 128:3 (a) In this case the wife is compared to a vine because she would be beautiful in her life, and fruitful in her conduct. Children would be born into the family, and they would be a blessing to the mother, to the father, and to the nation.
Jeremiah 2:21 (a) Here we read the sad lament of the Lord because of the evil conduct of His people. The vine is Israel. They did not act like a good vine bearing grapes, but as an evil vine, bearing useless fruit, or poisonous fruit.
Ezekiel 17:6 (b) This vine is probably the apostate Kingdom of Israel. The first great eagle, the King of Babylon, invaded Israel and took some of the people away as captives to his own land. The second eagle was the King of Egypt. Israel sent messengers to Egypt to obtain help, but Egypt failed and Israel was destroyed. It is a wonderful allegory which is described in verses Ezekiel 17:12- 18. (See also Isaiah 5:2; Jeremiah 2:21; Ezekiel 15:2).
Hosea 10:1 (a) GOD expected fruit from His people Israel. He received none. Israel turned to idolatry and to wicked practices learned from the people of the land. They served themselves, and satisfied their own lusts, while GOD's Word was neglected, and His service ignored.
John 15:1 (a) In this case the Lord JESUS Himself is the vine. Those who are saved by His grace are the branches. GOD sees the believer as a very part of CHRIST JESUS Himself. The branch bears the likeness of the vine, and has the same living sap flowing through it constantly. It bears the kind of fruit that characterizes the vine. All the fruit on the vine is found on the branches. Let us be bearing fruit for Him.
Revelation 14:18 (a) This vine refers to the people of the earth of every kindred and nation who are enemies of GOD, enemies of Israel, and reject the authority of JESUS CHRIST.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Vine of Sodom
Many suggestions have been made as to what tree this refers to. Josephus speaks of some fruits that grew near the Dead Sea, which "have a colour as if fit to be eaten, but if plucked they dissolve into smoke and ashes." Many have sought for such fruit. Some judge the vine alluded to in scripture to be the poisonous colocynth, which grows near the Dead Sea. May not the term be symbolical of that which leads to destruction, which was the doom of Sodom? Deuteronomy 32:32 .
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Vine, Vineyard
The vine was extensively cultivated in Palestine. One sign of peace and prosperity was that every man might sit under his own vine. The grapes were large and plentiful, as was proved by the cluster found at Eshcol and borne by the spies. The illustration of a 'vineyard ' representing Israel was one that would be well understood by them. God had formed it in a very fruitful hill, planted it with the choicest vine, and had done everything possible for its fruitfulness and protection. Yet when fruit was sought, it was found to have brought forth only wild grapes. Eventually God broke down the wall thereof, and the vineyard was trodden down — a picture of the state of Israel until now. Psalm 80 ; Isa.5:1-10.
The Lord when He was upon earth said He was the true Vine, and His disciples were the branches. There could not and cannot be any fruit-bearing but by abiding in Him. John 15:1-5 .
Webster's Dictionary - Vine-Clad
(a.) Covered with vines.
Webster's Dictionary - Aber-de-Vine
(n.) The European siskin (Carduelis spinus), a small green and yellow finch, related to the goldfinch.
Webster's Dictionary - Vine
(1):
(n.) Any woody climbing plant which bears grapes.
(2):
(n.) Hence, a climbing or trailing plant; the long, slender stem of any plant that trails on the ground, or climbs by winding round a fixed object, or by seizing anything with its tendrils, or claspers; a creeper; as, the hop vine; the bean vine; the vines of melons, squashes, pumpkins, and other cucurbitaceous plants.
Webster's Dictionary - Madeira Vine
A herbaceous climbing vine (Boussingaultia baselloides) very popular in cultivation, having shining entire leaves and racemens of small fragrant white flowers.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Vine, Vintage
1: ἄμπελος (Strong's #288 — Noun Feminine — ampelos — am'-pel-os ) is used (a) lit., e.g., Matthew 26:29 and parallel passages; James 3:12 ; (b) figuratively, (1) of Christ, John 15:1,4,5 ; (2) of His enemies, Revelation 14:18,19 , "the vine of the earth" (RV, "vintage" in ver. 19), probably figurative of the remaining mass of apostate Christendom.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Vine
גפן , Genesis 40:9 ; αμπελος , Matthew 26:29 ; Mark 14:25 ; Luke 22:18 ; John 15:4-5 ; James 3:12 ; Revelation 14:19 ; a noble plant of the creeping kind, famous for its fruit, or grapes, and the liquor they afford. The vine is a common name or genus, including several species under it; and Moses, to distinguish the true vine, or that from which wine is mode, from the rest, calls it, the wine vine, Numbers 6:4 . Some of the other sorts were of a poisonous quality, as appears from the story related among the miraculous acts of Elisha, 2 Kings 4:39 ; 2 Kings 4:41 . ( See GRAPES. ) The expression of "sitting every man under his own vine," probably alludes to the delightful eastern arbours, which were partly composed of vines. Capt. Norden, in like manner, speaks of vine arbours as common in the Egyptian gardens; and the Praenestine pavement in Dr. Shaw gives us the figure of an ancient one. Plantations of trees about houses are found very useful in hot countries, to give them an agreeable coolness. The ancient Israelites seem to have made use of the same means, and probably planted fruit trees, rather than other kinds, to produce that effect. "It is their manner in many places," says Sir Thomas Rowe's chaplain, speaking of the country of the Great Mogul, "to plant about and among their buildings, trees which grow high and broad, the shadow whereof keeps their houses by far more cool: this I observed in a special manner, when we were ready to enter Amadavar; for it appeared to us as if we had been entering a wood rather than a city." "Immediately on entering," says Turner, "I was ushered into the court yard of the aga, whom I found smoking under a vine, surrounded by horses, servants, and dogs, among which I distinguished an English pointer."
There were in Palestine many excellent vineyards. Scripture celebrates the vines of Sorek, of Sebamah, of Jazer, of Abel. Profane authors mention the excellent wines of Gaza, Sarepta, Libanus, Saron, Ascalon, and Tyre. Jacob, in the blessing which he gave Judah, "Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine, he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes," Genesis 49:11 ; he showed the abundance of vines that should fall to his lot. "Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well, whose branches hang over the wall,"
Genesis 49:22 . "To the northward and westward," says Morier, "are several villages, interspersed with extensive orchards and vineyards, the latter of which are generally enclosed by high walls. The Persian vine dressers do all in their power to make the vine run up the wall, and curl over on the other side, which they do by tying stones to the extremity of the tendril. The vine, particularly in Turkey and Greece, is frequently made to entwine on trellises around a well, where, in the heat of the day, whole families collect themselves, and sit under the shade."
Noah planted the vine after the deluge, and is supposed to have been the first who cultivated it, Genesis 9:20 . Many are of opinion that wine was not unknown before the deluge; and that this patriarch only continued to cultivate the vine after that event, as he had done before it: but the fathers think that he knew not the force of wine, having never used it before, nor having ever seen any one use it. He was the first that gathered the juice of the grape, and preserved it till by fermentation it became a potable liquor. Before him men only ate the grapes like other fruit. The law of Moses did not allow the planters of vineyards to eat the fruit before the fifth year, Leviticus 19:24-25 . The Israelites were also required to indulge the poor, the orphan, and the stranger, with the use of the grapes on the seventh year. A traveller was allowed to gather and eat the grapes in a vineyard as he passed along, but he was not permitted to carry any away, Deuteronomy 23:24 . The scarcity of fuel, especially wood, in most parts of the east, is so great, that they supply it with every thing capable of burning; cow dung dried, roots, parings of fruits, withered stalks of herbs and flowers, Matthew 6:30 . Vine twigs are particularly mentioned as used for fuel in dressing their food, by D'Arvieux, La Roque, and others: Ezekiel says, in his parable of the vine, used figuratively for the people of God, "Shall wood be taken thereof to do any work? Or will men take a pin of it to hang any vessel thereon? Behold, it is cast into the fire for fuel," Ezekiel 15:3-4 . "If a man abide not in me," saith our Lord, "he is cast forth as a branch" of the vine, "and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned," John 15:6 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Vine of Sodom
Vine of Sodom. Only in Deuteronomy 32:32. Josephus describes fruits growing near the Dead Sea, "which indeed resemble edible fruit in color, but on being plucked by the hand are dissolved into smoke and ashes." These are the apples of Sodom of which the poets sing, and which are supposed to be mentioned in the above passage. If we are to interpret Deuteronomy and Josephus literally, the colocynth seems best to answer the conditions.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Vine
Vine. The first mention of the vine occurs in Genesis 9:20-21. It was cultivated in Egypt. Genesis 40:9-11; Psalms 78:47. The vines of Palestine were celebrated both for luxuriant growth and for the immense clusters of grapes which they produced, which were sometimes carried on a staff between two men, as in the case of the spies. Numbers 13:23. Special mention is made in the Bible of the vines of Eshcol, Numbers 13:24; Numbers 32:9, of Sibmah, Heshbon, and Elealeh, Isaiah 16:8-10; Jeremiah 48:32, and of Engedi. Song of Solomon 1:14. To dwell under the vine and fig tree is an emblem of domestic happiness and peace, 1 Kings 4:25; Psalms 128:3; Micah 4:4; the rebellious people of Israel are compared to "wild grapes," "an empty vine," "the degenerate plant of a strange vine," etc. Isaiah 5:2; Isaiah 5:4; Jeremiah 2:21; Hosea 10:1. It is a vine which our Lord selects to show the spiritual union which subsists between himself and his members. John 15:1-6. The vine trailed on the ground or upon supports. This latter mode of cultivation appears to be alluded to by Ezekiel. Ezekiel 19:11-12. The vintage, which formerly was a season of general festivity, began in September. The towns were deserted; the people lived among the vineyards in the lodges and tents. Comp. Judges 9:27; Isaiah 16:10; Jeremiah 25:30. The grapes were gathered with shouts of joy by the "grape gatherers," Jeremiah 25:30, and put into baskets. See Jeremiah 6:9. They were then carried on the head and shoulders, or slung upon a yoke, to the "wine-press." The vineyard, which was generally on a bill, Isaiah 5:1; Jeremiah 31:5; Amos 9:13, was surrounded by a wall or hedge in order to keep out the wild boars. Psalms 80:1-19; Psalms 13:1-6, jackals and foxes. Numbers 22:24; Nehemiah 4:3; Song of Solomon 2:15; Ezekiel 13:4-5; Matthew 21:33. Within the vineyard was one or more towers of stone in which the vine-dressers lived. Isaiah 1:8; Isaiah 5:2; Matthew 21:33. The vat, which was dug, Matthew 21:33, or hewn out of the rocky soil, and the press, were part of the vineyard furniture. Isaiah 6:2.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Vine
Of this valuable and familiar plant there are several varieties, the natural products of warm climates, where also it has been cultivated from the earliest times. Hence the early and frequent mention of its products in Scripture, Genesis 9:20 14:18 19:22 Job 1:18 . The grape-vine grew plentifully in Palestine, Deuteronomy 8:8 , and was particularly excellent in some of the districts. The Scriptures celebrate the vines of Sibmah and Eshcol; and profane authors mention the excellent wines of Gaza, Sarepta, Lebanon, Sharon, Ascalon, and Tyre. See SOREK .
The grapes of Egypt, Genesis 40:11 , being small, we may easily conceive of the surprise which was occasioned to the Israelites by witnessing the bunch of grapes brought by the spies to the camp, from the valley of Eshcol, Numbers 13:23 . The account of Moses, however, is confirmed by the testimony of several travelers; and even in England a bunch of Syrian grapes has been produced which weighed nineteen pounds, was twenty-three inches in length, and nineteen and a half in its greatest diameter. At the present day, although the Mohammedan religion does not favor the cultivation of the vine, there is no want of vineyards in Palestine. Besides the large quantities of grapes and raisins which are daily sent to the markets of Jerusalem and other neighboring places, Hebron alone in the first half of the eighteenth century, annually sent three hundred camel loads, or nearly three hundred thousand pounds weight of grape juice, or honey of raisins, to Egypt.
In the East, grapes enter very largely into the provisions at an entertainment, and in various forms contribute largely to the sustenance of the people. See GRAPES . To show the abundance of vines which should fall to the lot of Judah in the partition of the promised land, Jacob, in his prophetic benediction, says of this tribe, he shall be found
Binding his colt to the vine,
And to the choice vine the foal of his ass;
Washing his garments in wine,
His clothes in the blood of the grape.
Genesis 49:11 .
In many places the vines spread over the ground and rocks unsupported. Often, however, they are trained upon trellis-work, over walls, trees, arbors, the porches and walls of houses, and at times within the house on the side of the central court. Thus growing, the vine became a beautiful emblem of domestic love, peace, and plenty, Psalm 128:3 Micah 4:4 .
The law enjoined that he who planted a vine should not eat of the produce of it before the fifth year, Leviticus 19:23-25 . Nor did they gather their grapes on the sabbatical year; the fruit was then left for the poor, the orphan, and the stranger, Exodus 23:11 Leviticus 25:4,5,11 . See also Leviticus 19:10 Deuteronomy 24:21 . At any time a traveler was permitted to gather and eat grapes in a vineyard, as he passed along, but was not permitted to carry any away, Deuteronomy 23:24 . Another generous provision of the Mosaic code exempted from liability to serve in war a man who, after four years of labor and of patience, was about to gather the first returns from his vineyard, Deuteronomy 20:6 .
Josephus describes a magnificent and costly vine of pure gold, with precious stones for grapes, which adorned the lofty eastern gate of the Holy Place. It was perhaps in view of this that our Savior said, "I am the true Vine;" and illustrated the precious truth of his oneness with his people, John 15:1-8 .
In the expression, "The vine of Sodom," Deuteronomy 32:32 , there does not seem to be an allusion to any then existing degenerate species of vine. The writer means rather to say that their vine, that is figuratively their corrupt character, instead of yielding good grapes, bears only poisonous fruit, like that for which the shores of the Dead Sea have always been famed- such as "the apples of Sodom," for example, said to be beautiful without, but nothing but shreds or ashes within.
For the "wild grapes" in Isaiah 5:2,4 , see under GRAPES .
The Jews planted their VINEYARDS most commonly on the side of a hill or mountain, Jeremiah 31:5 , (See MOUNTAIN,) the stones being gathered out, and the space hedged round with thorns, or walled, Isaiah 5:1-6 Psalm 80:1-19 Matthew 21:33 . Vineyards were sometimes rented for a share of their produce, Matthew 28:20 ; and from other passages we may perhaps infer that a good vineyard consisted of a thousand vines, and produced a rent of a thousand silverlings, or shekels of silver, Isaiah 7:23 , and that it required two hundred more to pay the dressers, Song of Song of Solomon 8:11-12 . In these vineyards the keepers and vinedressers labored, digging, planting, propping, and pruning or purging the vines, John 15:2 , gathering the grapes, and making wine. They formed a distinct class among cultivators of the ground, and their task was sometimes laborious and regarded as menial, 2 Kings 25:12 2 Chronicles 26:10 Song of Song of Solomon 1:6 Isaiah 61:5 . Scripture alludes to the fragrance of the "vines with the tender grapes," Song of Song of Solomon 2:13 , and draws from the vineyard many illustrations and parables, Judges 9:12 Matthew 20:1 21:28 .
The vineyard of Naboth, 1 Kings 21:1-29 , has become a perpetual emblem of whatever is violently taken from the poor by the rich or the powerful. The deserted hut or tower, in which a watchman kept guard during, the season of ripe grapes, Psalm 80:12-13 Song of Song of Solomon 2:15 , becomes, when all are gathered, an apt image of desolation, Isaiah 1:8 . A beautiful allegory in Psalm 80:1-19 represents the church as a vineyard, planted, defended, cultivated, and watered by God.
The VINTAGE followed the wheat harvest and the threshing, Leviticus 26:5 Amos 9:13 . The "first ripe grapes" were gathered in June, or later on elevated ground, Numbers 13:20 ; and grapes continued to be gathered for four months afterwards. The general vintage, however, was in September, when the clusters of grapes were gathered with a sickle, and put into baskets, Jeremiah 6:9 , carried and thrown into the wine-vat or wine-press, where they were probably first trodden by men, and then pressed, Revelation 14:18-20 . It was a laborious task, lightened with songs, jests, and shouts of mirth, Jeremiah 25:30 48:33 . It is mentioned as a mark of the great work and power of the Messiah, that he had trodden the figurative wine-press alone, and of the people there was none with him, Isaiah 63:1-3 Revelation 19:15 . The vintage was a season of great mirth, Isaiah 16:9,10 , and often of excesses and idolatry, Judges 9:27 ; while the mourning and languishing of the vine was a symbol of general distress, Isaiah 24:7 Habakkuk 3:17 Malachi 3:11 . Of the juice of the squeezed grapes were formed wine and vinegar. See PRESS .
Grapes were also dried into raisins. A part of Abigail's present to David was one hundred clusters of raisins, 1 Samuel 25:18 ; and when Zibah met David, his present contained the same quantity, 2 Samuel 16:1 1 Samuel 30:12 1 Chronicles 12:40 . Respecting other uses of the fruits of the vine, see GRAPES, HONEY, VINEGAR, and WINE .
King James Dictionary - Vine
VINE, n. L. vinca. See Wine.
1. A plant that produces grapes, of the genus Vitis, and of a great number of varieties. 2. The long slender stem of any plant, that trails on the ground, or climbs and supports itself by winding round a fixed object, or by seizing any fixed thing with its tendrils or claspers. Thus we speak of the hop vine, the bean vine, the vines of melons, squashes, pumpkins, and other encurbitaceous plants.

Sentence search

Vined - ) Having leaves like those of the Vine; ornamented with Vine leaves
Vine - Sometimes it is spoken of as a good Vine, and in other passages as a Vine that was unprofitable and that brought forth evil fruit. GOD speaks of this Vine as His own planting, when it refers to Israel. ...
Genesis 49:11 (b) This Vine is Israel. ...
Deuteronomy 32:32 (a) The Vine in this case refers to the wicked cities of Sodom and Gomorrah. It is in contrast with what they should be, the Vine of Israel. ...
Psalm 80:8 (a) The nation of Israel is compared to the Vine. ...
Psalm 128:3 (a) In this case the wife is compared to a Vine because she would be beautiful in her life, and fruitful in her conduct. The Vine is Israel. They did not act like a good Vine bearing grapes, but as an evil Vine, bearing useless fruit, or poisonous fruit. ...
Ezekiel 17:6 (b) This Vine is probably the apostate Kingdom of Israel. ...
John 15:1 (a) In this case the Lord JESUS Himself is the Vine. The branch bears the likeness of the Vine, and has the same living sap flowing through it constantly. It bears the kind of fruit that characterizes the Vine. All the fruit on the Vine is found on the branches. ...
Revelation 14:18 (a) This Vine refers to the people of the earth of every kindred and nation who are enemies of GOD, enemies of Israel, and reject the authority of JESUS CHRIST
Bezer - Vine branches
Vineyard - See Vine...
Grapes - See Vine
Vineyard - See Vine
Vineyard - See Vine
Vine - Vine, n. Thus we speak of the hop Vine, the bean Vine, the Vines of melons, squashes, pumpkins, and other encurbitaceous plants
Grapes - See Vine
Zemira - Song; Vine; palm
Zimran - Song; singer; Vine
Watch Tower - See Vine
Zimzi - My field; my Vine
Sorek - Vine; hissing; a color inclining to yellow
Vine of Sodom - Hooker writes," The Vine of Sodom always thought might refer to Cucumis calocynthis , which is bitter end powders inside; the term Vine would scarcely be given to any but a trailing or other plant of the habit of a Vine. " His remark that the term Vine must refer to some plant of the habit of a Vine is conclusive against the claims of all the plants hitherto identified with the Vine of Sodom
Viticulture - ) The cultivation of the Vine; grape growing
e'Lul - (vine; gleaning )
Viniculture - ) The cultivation of the Vine, esp
Vine - Osiris the Egyptian god is represented as first introducing the Vine. 330) says a bunch from a Syrian Vine was sent as a present from the Duke of Portland to the Marquis of Rockingham, weighing 19 pounds, and was carried on a staff by four, two bearing it in rotation. ...
Sibmah, Heshbon, and Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8-10; Jeremiah 48:31) and Engedi (Song of Solomon 1:14) were famous for their Vines. Judah with its hills and tablelands was especially suited for Vine cultivation; "binding his foal unto the Vine and his ass' colt unto the choice Vine he washed his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of grapes, his eyes shall be red with wine" (Genesis 49:11-12). Both Isaiah (Isaiah 5) and the Lord Jesus make a Vineyard with fence and tower, the stones being gathered out, the image of Judah (Matthew 21:33). Israel is the Vine brought out of Egypt, and planted by Jehovah in the land of promise (Psalms 80:8; compare Isaiah 27:2-3). ...
"The choicest Vine" (sowreq , still in Morocco called serki , the grapes have scarcely perceptible stones; Judges 16:4 mentions a town called from this choice Vine Sorek) is the line of holy patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joshua, etc. The Vine stem is sometimes more than a foot in diameter, and 30 ft. ...
"To dwell under the Vine and fig tree" symbolizes peace and prosperity (1 Kings 4:25). When apostate, Israel was "an empty Vine," "the degenerate plant of a strange Vine," "bringing forth fruit unto himself" not unto God (Jeremiah 2:21; Hosea 10:1). In Ezekiel 15:2-4 God asks "what is the Vine wood more than any tree?" i. Other trees yield good timber; but Vine wood is soft, brittle, crooked, and seldom large; "will men take a pin of it, to hang any vessel thereon?" not even a "pin" or wooden peg can be made of it. So, if God's people lose their distinctive excellency by not bearing fruits of righteousness, they are more unprofitable than the worldly, for they are the Vine, the sole end of their being is to bear fruit to His glory. " Gephen is a general term for the Vine, from whence the town Gophna, now Jifna, is named. Νazir is "the undressed Vine," one every seventh and 50th year left unpruned. The Vine is usually planted on the side of a terraced hill, the old branches trailing along the ground and the fruit bearing shoots being raised on forked sticks. Robinson saw the Vine trained near Hebron in rows eight or ten feet apart; when the stock is six or eight feet high, it is fastened in a sloping direction to a stake, and the shoots extend front one plant to another, forming a line of festoons; sometimes two rows slant toward each other and form an arch. ...
Sometimes the Vine is trained over a rough wall three feet high, sometimes over a wooden framework so that the foliage affords a pleasant shade (1 Kings 4:25). The people leave the towns and live in lodges and tents among the Vineyards (Judges 9:27); sometimes even before the vintage (Song of Solomon 7:11-12). The Vine was Judaea's emblem on Maccabean coins, and in the golden cluster over the porch of the second temple. The Lord Jesus is the antitypical Vine (John 15). The Vine is the emblem, as of Christ, so of the church and each believer. ...
Vine of Sodom. Hooper objects to the Calotropis or Αsclepias procera , the osher of the Arabs, that the term "vine" would scarcely be given to any but a trailing or other plant of the habit of a Vine, and that its beautiful silky cotton within would never suggest the idea of anything but what is exquisitely lovely
Preaching: Fruit And Flowers - At Hampton Court Palace every one regards with wonder the enormous Vine loaded with so vast a multitude of huge clusters: just outside the Vine-house is as fine a specimen of the wistaria, and when it is in full bloom, the cluster-like masses of bloom, cause you to think it a flower-bearing Vine, as the other is a fruit-bearing Vine
Vine, Vineyard - The Vine was extensively cultivated in Palestine. One sign of peace and prosperity was that every man might sit under his own Vine. The illustration of a 'vineyard ' representing Israel was one that would be well understood by them. God had formed it in a very fruitful hill, planted it with the choicest Vine, and had done everything possible for its fruitfulness and protection. Eventually God broke down the wall thereof, and the Vineyard was trodden down — a picture of the state of Israel until now. ...
The Lord when He was upon earth said He was the true Vine, and His disciples were the branches
Vine, Vineyard - VINE, VineYARD (ἀμπελών). —Vine-culture was one of the oldest industries in Palestine. This is attested by the presence of rock-hewn wine-presses and traces of ancient Vine terraces where all is wilderness to-day. Work in the Vineyard furnished occupation to many (Matthew 20:1 ff; Matthew 21:28). Landowners planted Vineyards, and let them to husbandmen (Matthew 21:33 ff. The Vineyard requires much care and attention. ...
The familiar form of the Vine, with its abundant and luxuriant branches, would lend itself all the more readily to the allegorical use of Jesus, inasmuch as ‘in the OT, and partially in Jewish thought, the Vine was the symbol of Israel, not in their national, but in their Church capacity’ (Edersheim, LT [2]. ...
The fig and the Vine are often closely associated (Luke 13:6). Arab, karm stands for both Vineyard and fig-orchard. From the Mishna we gather that 200 years after Christ Vine-culture was still a flourishing industry in Palestine. With the coming of the Arabs, Vineyards almost entirely disappeared. of Jordan the Vine is now largely cultivated
Grape - Properly, a cluster of the fruit of the Vine but with us, a single berry of the Vine the fruit from which wine is made by expression and fermentation
Dresser - * Note: For ampelourgos, "dresser," Luke 13:7 , AV (RV, "vine-dresser"), see VineDRESSER
Zemira - Vine-dresser, a Benjamite; one of the sons of Becher (1 Chronicles 7:8 )
Zimran - Vine-dressers; celebrated, one of the sons of Abraham by Keturah (Genesis 25:2 )
Bine - ) The winding or twining stem of a hop Vine or other climbing plant
Vine - ) Hence, a climbing or trailing plant; the long, slender stem of any plant that trails on the ground, or climbs by winding round a fixed object, or by seizing anything with its tendrils, or claspers; a creeper; as, the hop Vine; the bean Vine; the Vines of melons, squashes, pumpkins, and other cucurbitaceous plants
Pampre - ) An ornament, composed of Vine leaves and bunches of grapes, used for decorating spiral columns
Provine - ) To lay a stock or branch of a Vine in the ground for propagation
Vine - Vine. The first mention of the Vine occurs in Genesis 9:20-21. The Vines of Palestine were celebrated both for luxuriant growth and for the immense clusters of grapes which they produced, which were sometimes carried on a staff between two men, as in the case of the spies. Special mention is made in the Bible of the Vines of Eshcol, Numbers 13:24; Numbers 32:9, of Sibmah, Heshbon, and Elealeh, Isaiah 16:8-10; Jeremiah 48:32, and of Engedi. To dwell under the Vine and fig tree is an emblem of domestic happiness and peace, 1 Kings 4:25; Psalms 128:3; Micah 4:4; the rebellious people of Israel are compared to "wild grapes," "an empty Vine," "the degenerate plant of a strange Vine," etc. It is a Vine which our Lord selects to show the spiritual union which subsists between himself and his members. The Vine trailed on the ground or upon supports. The towns were deserted; the people lived among the Vineyards in the lodges and tents. " The Vineyard, which was generally on a bill, Isaiah 5:1; Jeremiah 31:5; Amos 9:13, was surrounded by a wall or hedge in order to keep out the wild boars. Within the Vineyard was one or more towers of stone in which the Vine-dressers lived. The vat, which was dug, Matthew 21:33, or hewn out of the rocky soil, and the press, were part of the Vineyard furniture
Vine - The Vine is a common name or genus, including several species under it; and Moses, to distinguish the true Vine, or that from which wine is mode, from the rest, calls it, the wine Vine, Numbers 6:4 . ) The expression of "sitting every man under his own Vine," probably alludes to the delightful eastern arbours, which were partly composed of Vines. Norden, in like manner, speaks of Vine arbours as common in the Egyptian gardens; and the Praenestine pavement in Dr. " "Immediately on entering," says Turner, "I was ushered into the court yard of the aga, whom I found smoking under a Vine, surrounded by horses, servants, and dogs, among which I distinguished an English pointer. "...
There were in Palestine many excellent Vineyards. Scripture celebrates the Vines of Sorek, of Sebamah, of Jazer, of Abel. Jacob, in the blessing which he gave Judah, "Binding his foal unto the Vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice Vine, he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes," Genesis 49:11 ; he showed the abundance of Vines that should fall to his lot. "To the northward and westward," says Morier, "are several villages, interspersed with extensive orchards and Vineyards, the latter of which are generally enclosed by high walls. The Persian Vine dressers do all in their power to make the Vine run up the wall, and curl over on the other side, which they do by tying stones to the extremity of the tendril. The Vine, particularly in Turkey and Greece, is frequently made to entwine on trellises around a well, where, in the heat of the day, whole families collect themselves, and sit under the shade. "...
Noah planted the Vine after the deluge, and is supposed to have been the first who cultivated it, Genesis 9:20 . Many are of opinion that wine was not unknown before the deluge; and that this patriarch only continued to cultivate the Vine after that event, as he had done before it: but the fathers think that he knew not the force of wine, having never used it before, nor having ever seen any one use it. The law of Moses did not allow the planters of Vineyards to eat the fruit before the fifth year, Leviticus 19:24-25 . A traveller was allowed to gather and eat the grapes in a Vineyard as he passed along, but he was not permitted to carry any away, Deuteronomy 23:24 . Vine twigs are particularly mentioned as used for fuel in dressing their food, by D'Arvieux, La Roque, and others: Ezekiel says, in his parable of the Vine, used figuratively for the people of God, "Shall wood be taken thereof to do any work? Or will men take a pin of it to hang any vessel thereon? Behold, it is cast into the fire for fuel," Ezekiel 15:3-4 . "If a man abide not in me," saith our Lord, "he is cast forth as a branch" of the Vine, "and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned," John 15:6
Frankfort Black - A black pigment used in copperplate printing, prepared by burning Vine twigs, the lees of wine, etc
Sorek, Valley of - = ‘valley of the soreq Vine[1])
Cacoon - ) One of the seeds or large beans of a tropical Vine (Entada scandens) used for making purses, scent bottles, etc
Madeira Vine - A herbaceous climbing Vine (Boussingaultia baselloides) very popular in cultivation, having shining entire leaves and racemens of small fragrant white flowers
Rapevine - ) A Vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes
Quamoclit - ) Formerly, a genus of plants including the cypress Vine (Quamoclit vulgaris, now called Ipomoea Quamoclit)
Vine, Vineyard - Vine, VineYARD . word for ‘vine’ is gephen , used of the grape-vine everywhere except in 2 Kings 4:39 , where gephen sâdeh (lit. ‘field Vine’) refers to a wild-gourd Vine. Another word, sôrçq ( Isaiah 5:2 , Jeremiah 2:21 ), or sôrçqâh ( Leviticus 25:3-4 ), refers to superior Vines with purple grapes. ...
The Vine ( Vitis vinifera ) is supposed to be a native of the shores of the Caspian, but has been cultivated in Palestine from the earliest times, as is witnessed by the extensive remains of ancient Vineyards. Vines specially flourish on the hillsides unsuited for cereals ( Jeremiah 31:5 , Amos 9:13 ). Viticulture, which languished for centuries under the Arabs, has recently been revived by the German and Jewish colonies, and millions of imported Vines of choice strain have been planted. As in the case of the olive, the culture of the Vine needs a peaceful, settled population, as the plants require several years’ care before bearing fruit ( Zephaniah 1:13 ), and constant attention if they are to maintain their excellence; hence to sit under one’s ‘own Vine and fig tree’ was a favourite image of peace ( 1 Kings 4:25 , Micah 4:4 , John 15:1-276 ). In some districts to-day Vines are trained over a trellis at the front door, making a cool summer resort. The Israelites found Palestine ready planted with Vineyards ( Deuteronomy 6:11 , Joshua 24:13 , Nehemiah 9:25 ). The steps taken in making a Vineyard are described in detail in Isaiah 5:1-30 . In such a tower the owner’s family will probably pass all the grape season; during the vintage a large proportion of the people are to be found living in the Vineyards. Every spring the soil between the Vines must be dug or ploughed up and the plants pruned ( 1618544271_91 , Isaiah 5:6 ); neglect of this leads to rapid deterioration of the grapes; only the slothful man could permit his Vineyard to be overgrown with ‘thorns and nettles’ and ‘the stone wall thereof to be broken down’ ( Proverbs 24:30-31 ). When the vintage is over and the leaves turn sere and yellow, the Vineyards have a very desolate look ( Isaiah 34:4 ). ...
Israel is compared to a Vine in Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 17:1-24 , Isaiah 5:1-30 , and Psalms 80:1-19 . The Vine-leaf was a favourite design on Jewish coins. The numerous references to the Vine in the NT ( e. ...
Vine of Sodom ( Deuteronomy 32:32 ). 4) of the ‘fruits of Sodom’ which vanish into ashes, so substantial a tree, with its cork-like bark and large glossy leaves, could in no sense be called a Vine
Vine - It is afterwards frequently noticed both in the Old and New Testaments, and in the ruins of terraced Vineyards there are evidences that it was extensively cultivated by the Jews. The Vineyards of En-gedi (Song of Solomon 1:14 ), Heshbon, Sibmah, Jazer, Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8-10 ; Jeremiah 48:32,34 ), and Helbon (Ezekiel 27:18 ), as well as of Eshcol, were celebrated. The Church is compared to a Vine (Psalm 80:8 ), and Christ says of himself, "I am the Vine" (John 15:1 ). In one of his parables also (Matthew 21:33 ) our Lord compares his Church to a Vineyard which "a certain householder planted, and hedged round about," etc. ...
Hosea 10:1 is rendered in the Revised Version, "Israel is a luxuriant Vine, which putteth forth his fruit," instead of "Israel is an empty Vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself," of the Authorized Version
Branch - One such set of ideas has to do with limbs, secondary stems, or new growth on Vines, bushes, and trees. ...
Israel is often referred to as a Vine. The Lord brought Israel, the Vine, out of Egypt and planted it in the promised land. As the Lord blessed the Vine, it prospered and "sent out its boughs to the Sea, its shoots as far as the River" (Psalm 80:11 ). The fruit that the Vine produced, however, was an embarrassment to the Lord and steps were taken against it (see Isaiah 5:1-7 ). More often, however, the prophets use the analogy of the Vine and branches to describe Israel's future restoration (Isaiah 60:21 ; Hosea 14:6 ). ...
Jesus uses the analogy of the relationship of the Vine to the branches to describe his relationship with his disciples: "I am the Vine; you are the branches" (John 15:5 ). The branches derive their very existence and ability to produce fruit from the Vine
Cundurango - ) The bark of a South American Vine (Gonolobus Condurango) of the Milkweed family
Sorek - The same Hebrew word, translated "choice" and "noble" in Genesis 49:11 ; Isaiah 5:2 ; Jeremiah 2:21 , its the name of a Vine bearing small grapes, but very sweet and almost without seeds. This Vine may have given the valley its name
Beth-Hac'Cerem - (house of the Vine )
Rower - ) One who grows or produces; as, a grower of corn; also, that which grows or increases; as, a Vine may be a rank or a slow grower
Rower - ) One who grows or produces; as, a grower of corn; also, that which grows or increases; as, a Vine may be a rank or a slow grower
Grapes - The fruit of the Vine. At present, and probably the same has always been true, the wine that is made requires but a small part of the annual yield of the Vines. Robinson says, "No wine is made from the very extensive Vineyards of Hebron, except a little by the Jews. Besides the law which protected the first three years' growth of the Vine, (see FRUITS,) there was another law requiring the Jews to leave the gleanings of their Vineyards for the poor, Leviticus 19:10,23 . The law also allowed one who was passing a Vineyard to pick a few grapes to eat on the spot, but not to carry any away, Deuteronomy 23:24 . A Vineyard nearly stripped of its clustered treasures was a frequent image of desolation, Isaiah 17:6 24:13 Obadiah 1:5 . See Vine . ...
"Wild grapes" were the fruit of a wild Vine, probably the Vitis Labrusca of Linnaeus, the wild claret-grape. The fruit of the wild Vine is called oenanthes, of the flower of wine. In Isaiah 5:2,4 , God complains of his people whom he had planted as a choice Vine, an excellent plant, that he had a right to require of them good fruit, but they had brought forth only wild grapes-fruit of a bad smell, and a bad taste
Bejuco - ) Any climbing woody Vine of the tropics with the habit of a liane; in the Philippines, esp
Zygenid - The wood nymph and the Vine forester are examples
Husbandman - , "George"), denotes (a) "a husbandman," a tiller of the ground, 2 Timothy 2:6 ; James 5:7 ; (b) "a Vine-dresser," Matthew 21:33-35,38,40,41 ; Mark 12:1,2,7,9 ; Luke 20:9,10,14,16 ; John 15:1 , where Christ speaks of the Father as the "Husbandman," Himself as the Vine, His disciples as the branches, the object being to bear much fruit, life in Christ producing the fruit of the Spirit, i
Gourd, Wild, - In a time of dearth a lap-full of gourds from a wild Vine was gathered to provide a meal for Elisha and the sons of the prophets. Some suppose this to have been the wild cucumber, the leaves of which resemble those of the Vine, but have a bitter poisonous taste
Vinedresser - 1: ἀμπελουργός (Strong's #289 — Noun Masculine — ampelourgos — am-pel-oor-gos' ) "a worker in a Vineyard" (from ampelos, "a Vine," and ergon), is rendered "vinedresser" in Luke 13:7 , RV (AV, "dresser of the Vineyard")
Flannel Flower - ...
(2):...
A Brazilian apocynaceous Vine (Macrosiphonia longiflora) having woolly leaves
Vintage - The produce of the Vine for the season
Dionysia - He was the god of tree-life, but especially of the life of the Vine and its produce. The festival celebrated the revival of the drink-giving Vine after the deadness of winter. The most famous festivals of Dionysus, four in all, were held in Attica at various periods of the year, corresponding to the stages in the life of the Vine, the Anthesteria , the Lenœa , the Lesser and the Greater Dionysia
Husbandman - He had planted Israel as a Vine on the earth, and He looked for fruit; but, alas, it produced only wild grapes. He then planted the true Vine on the earth which in every way gave much fruit. In another metaphor, Jehovah let out a Vineyard to Israel, and prepared it for fruit-bearing; but when He sent for the fruit, His servants were ill-treated and killed. God has destroyed those husbandmen, and has let out His Vineyard unto the Gentiles: Matthew 21:33-41 : cf
Bignonia - capreolata is the cross Vine of the Southern United States
Phylloxera - ) The diseased condition of a Vine caused by the insect just described. It attacks the roots and leaves of the grapevine, doing great damage, especially in Europe
Foal - It was his desire to keep the nation of Israel as a producing Vine for the glory of GOD
Vintage - ) The produce of the Vine for one season, in grapes or in wine; as, the vintage is abundant; the vintage of 1840
Carem - (Hebrew: Vine or Vineyard) ...
Ancient town of the tribe of Juda, probably the modern 'Ain Karim, 4 miles west of Jerusalem
Masrekah - ("vineyard". ) The Edomite king Samlah's country (Genesis 36:36), where the excellent "vine", soreq , abounded. Burckhardt found extensive Vineyards in the region of the Idumean mountains N
Carmi - Vine-dresser
Rechabite - ) One of the descendants of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the Vine
Oidium - Many forms once referred to this genus are now believed to be temporary conditions of fungi of other genera, among them the Vine mildew (Oidium Tuckeri), which has caused much injury to grapes
Muscatel - ) Finest raisins, dried on the Vine; "sun raisins
Car'mi - (vine dresser )
Dodder - It is a leafless parasitical Vine with yellowish threadlike stems
Vine - While ancient Israel grew different types of plants that produced Vines, such as cucumbers and melons (Numbers 11:5 ; Isaiah 1:8 ), the word Vine in the Bible almost always refers to the grapevine or Vineyard. The climate of Palestine was well suited for growing Vineyards. Along with the olive and fig trees, the grapevine is used throughout the Old Testament to symbolize the fertility of the land ( Deuteronomy 6:11 ; Joshua 24:13 ; 1 Samuel 8:14 ; 2 Kings 5:26 ; Jeremiah 5:17 ; Jeremiah 40:10 ; Hosea 2:12 ). The Bible traces the origin of caring for Vineyards to the time of Noah (Genesis 9:20-21 ). References to Vineyards appear from the time of Gudea (a ruler in ancient Sumer before 2100 B. ...
The planting and care of a Vineyard required constant and intensive care. Hillsides are frequently mentioned as the most desirable locations for the Vines, especially since they were less suitable for other forms of agriculture (compare Psalm 80:8-10 ; Jeremiah 31:5 ; Amos 9:13 ). However, Vineyards were also grown in the plains and valleys; the Hebron area was particularly noted for its grapes (Numbers 13:22-24 ). ...
Stone walls and/or hedges were usually built around the Vineyard to protect the grapes from thirsty animals and from thieves (Song of Song of Solomon 2:15 ; Jeremiah 49:9 ). The hewing out of a winepress or vat completed the Vineyard installation (Isaiah 5:2 ). During the harvesting season, the owner of the Vineyard might live in a booth to stay close to his valuable crop (Isaiah 1:8 ). ...
After the grapes had set on the branches, the Vines were pruned (Leviticus 25:4 ; Isaiah 18:5 ; John 15:1-2 ). The Vines for the most past were allowed to run on the ground, though occasionally they might climb a nearby tree (compare Psalm 80:8-10 ; Ezekiel 15:2 ; Ezekiel 19:11 ). Perhaps it was this latter occurrence that made it possible for a man to “sit under” his Vine (Psalm 80:8-13 ). How many grapes an average Vineyard produced is unknown (compare Isaiah 5:10 ), but a Vineyard was considered so important that a man who had planted one was exempt from military service (Deuteronomy 20:6 ). ...
Several laws governed the use of Vineyards in Old Testament times. Vineyards could not be stripped totally of their grapes; the owner was to allow gleanings for the poor and the sojourner (Leviticus 19:10 ), and the fatherless and the widow (Deuteronomy 24:21 ). Vineyards were cultivated by their owners, hired laborers (Matthew 20:1-16 ), or rented out to others (Song of Song of Solomon 8:11 ; Matthew 21:33-43 ). ...
The Bible frequently uses Vine or Vineyard as symbols. Vine is often used in speaking of Israel. Thus Israel is said to have been brought out of Egypt and planted as a Vine on the land but was forsaken ( 1 Kings 4:25 ; compare Isaiah 5:1-7 ). Israel was planted a “choice Vine” but became a “wild Vine” (Jeremiah 2:21 ; compare Hosea 10:1 ). As the dead wood of a Vine is good for nothing but fuel, so the inhabitants of Jerusalem would be consumed (Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 19:10-14 ). ...
On the other hand, the abundance of Vines and Vineyards were seen as expressions of God's favor. The fruit of the Vine gladdens the heart of humankind (Psalm 104:15 ; Ecclesiastes 10:19 ) and suppresses pain and misery (Proverbs 31:6-7 ). Finally, an abundance of the Vine symbolizes the glorious age to come when the treader of the grapes will overtake the one who sows the seed (Amos 9:13-15 ; compare Genesis 49:10-12 )...
In the New Testament, Jesus often used the Vineyard as an analogy for the kingdom of God (Matthew 20:1-16 ). Those who hope to enter the kingdom must be like the son who at first refused to work in his father's Vineyard but later repented and went (Matthew 21:28-32 and parallels). Ultimately, Jesus Himself is described as the “true Vine” and His disciples (Christians) as the branches ( John 15:1-11 )
Sorek - Choice Vine, the name of a valley, i
Abel-Carmaim - ("plain of the Vineyards"): Judges 11:33 margin. De Sauley met with a Beit el Kerm, "house of the Vine," N
Thyrsus - ) A staff entwined with ivy, and surmounted by a pine cone, or by a bunch of Vine or ivy leaves with grapes or berries
Vine, Vintage - , Matthew 26:29 and parallel passages; James 3:12 ; (b) figuratively, (1) of Christ, John 15:1,4,5 ; (2) of His enemies, Revelation 14:18,19 , "the Vine of the earth" (RV, "vintage" in ver
Vine - The grape-vine grew plentifully in Palestine, Deuteronomy 8:8 , and was particularly excellent in some of the districts. The Scriptures celebrate the Vines of Sibmah and Eshcol; and profane authors mention the excellent wines of Gaza, Sarepta, Lebanon, Sharon, Ascalon, and Tyre. At the present day, although the Mohammedan religion does not favor the cultivation of the Vine, there is no want of Vineyards in Palestine. To show the abundance of Vines which should fall to the lot of Judah in the partition of the promised land, Jacob, in his prophetic benediction, says of this tribe, he shall be found ...
Binding his colt to the Vine, ...
And to the choice Vine the foal of his ass; ...
Washing his garments in wine, ...
His clothes in the blood of the grape. ...
In many places the Vines spread over the ground and rocks unsupported. Thus growing, the Vine became a beautiful emblem of domestic love, peace, and plenty, Psalm 128:3 Micah 4:4 . ...
The law enjoined that he who planted a Vine should not eat of the produce of it before the fifth year, Leviticus 19:23-25 . At any time a traveler was permitted to gather and eat grapes in a Vineyard, as he passed along, but was not permitted to carry any away, Deuteronomy 23:24 . Another generous provision of the Mosaic code exempted from liability to serve in war a man who, after four years of labor and of patience, was about to gather the first returns from his Vineyard, Deuteronomy 20:6 . ...
Josephus describes a magnificent and costly Vine of pure gold, with precious stones for grapes, which adorned the lofty eastern gate of the Holy Place. It was perhaps in view of this that our Savior said, "I am the true Vine;" and illustrated the precious truth of his oneness with his people, John 15:1-8 . ...
In the expression, "The Vine of Sodom," Deuteronomy 32:32 , there does not seem to be an allusion to any then existing degenerate species of Vine. The writer means rather to say that their Vine, that is figuratively their corrupt character, instead of yielding good grapes, bears only poisonous fruit, like that for which the shores of the Dead Sea have always been famed- such as "the apples of Sodom," for example, said to be beautiful without, but nothing but shreds or ashes within. ...
The Jews planted their VineYARDS most commonly on the side of a hill or mountain, Jeremiah 31:5 , (See MOUNTAIN,) the stones being gathered out, and the space hedged round with thorns, or walled, Isaiah 5:1-6 Psalm 80:1-19 Matthew 21:33 . Vineyards were sometimes rented for a share of their produce, Matthew 28:20 ; and from other passages we may perhaps infer that a good Vineyard consisted of a thousand Vines, and produced a rent of a thousand silverlings, or shekels of silver, Isaiah 7:23 , and that it required two hundred more to pay the dressers, Song of Song of Solomon 8:11-12 . In these Vineyards the keepers and Vinedressers labored, digging, planting, propping, and pruning or purging the Vines, John 15:2 , gathering the grapes, and making wine. Scripture alludes to the fragrance of the "vines with the tender grapes," Song of Song of Solomon 2:13 , and draws from the Vineyard many illustrations and parables, Judges 9:12 Matthew 20:1 21:28 . ...
The Vineyard of Naboth, 1 Kings 21:1-29 , has become a perpetual emblem of whatever is violently taken from the poor by the rich or the powerful. A beautiful allegory in Psalm 80:1-19 represents the church as a Vineyard, planted, defended, cultivated, and watered by God. The vintage was a season of great mirth, Isaiah 16:9,10 , and often of excesses and idolatry, Judges 9:27 ; while the mourning and languishing of the Vine was a symbol of general distress, Isaiah 24:7 Habakkuk 3:17 Malachi 3:11 . Of the juice of the squeezed grapes were formed wine and Vinegar. Respecting other uses of the fruits of the Vine, see GRAPES, HONEY, VineGAR, and WINE
Cling - ) To adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast, especially by twining round or embracing; as, the tendril of a Vine clings to its support; - usually followed by to or together
Gad - To ramble in growth as the gadding Vine
Apples of Sodom - Compare "vine of Sodom" and "grapes of gall" in Deuteronomy 32:32
Vine, - (Genesis 40:9-11 ; Psalm 78:47 ) The Vines of Palestine were celebrated both for luxuriant growth and for the immense clusters of grapes which they produced, which were sometimes carried on a staff between two men, as in the case of the spies, (Numbers 13:23 ) and as has been done in some instances in modern times. Special mention is made in the Bible of the Vines of Eshcol, (Numbers 13:24 ; 32:9 ) of Sibmah, Heshbon and Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8,9,10 ; Jeremiah 48:32 ) and of Engedi. (Song of Solomon 1:14 ) From the abundance and excellence of the Vines, it may readily be understood how frequently this plant is the subject of metaphor in the Holy Scriptures. To dwell under the Vine and tree is an emblem of domestic happiness and peace, (1 Kings 4:25 ; Psalm 128:3 ; Micah 4:4 ) the rebellious people of Israel are compared to "wild grapes," "an empty Vine," "the degenerate plant of a strange Vine," etc. (Isaiah 6:2,4 ; Jeremiah 2:21 ; Hosea 10:1 ) It is a Vine which our Lord selects to show the spiritual union which subsists between himself and his members. (John 15:1-6 ) The ancient Hebrews probably allowed the Vine to go trailing on the ground or upon supports. The towns were deserted; the people lived among the Vineyards in the lodges and tents. Robinson, are dried as raisins, and the juice of the remainder, after having been trodden and pressed, "is boiled down to a sirup, which, under the name of dibs , is much used by all classes, wherever Vineyards are found, as a condiment with their food. " The Vineyard, which was generally on a hill, ( Isaiah 5:1 ; Jeremiah 31:5 ; Amos 9:13 ) was surrounded by a wall or hedge in order to keep out the wild boars, (Psalm 80:13 ) jackals and foxes. (Numbers 22:24 ; Nehemiah 4:3 ; Song of Solomon 2:15 ; Ezekiel 13:4,5 ; Matthew 21:33 ) Within the Vineyard was one or more towers of stone in which the Vine-dressers lived. (Isaiah 1:8 ; 5:2 ; Matthew 21:33 ) The vat, which was dug, (Matthew 21:33 ) or hewn out of the rocky soil, and the press, were part of the Vineyard furniture
Grape - ענב , the fruit of the Vine. There were fine Vineyards and excellent grapes in the promised land. ...
Moses, in the law, commanded that when the Israelites gathered their grapes, they should not be careful to pick up those that fell, nor be so exact as to leave none upon the Vines: what fell, and what were left behind, the poor had liberty to glean, Leviticus 19:10 ; Deuteronomy 24:21-22 . It is frequent in Scripture to describe a total destruction by the similitude of a Vine, stripped in such a manner, that there was not a bunch of grapes left for those who came to glean. The Vineyards of Engedi and of Sorek, so famous in Scripture, were in the tribe of Judah; and so was the valley of Eshcol, whence the spies brought those extraordinary clusters. "It appears," says Manti, "that the cultivation of the Vine was never abandoned in this country. " Many eye witnesses assure us, that in Palestine the Vines, and bunches of grapes, are almost of an incredible size. "At Beidtdjin," says Schultz, a "village near Ptolemais, we took our supper under a large Vine, the stem of which was nearly a foot and a half in diameter, the height about thirty feet, and covered with its branches and shoots (for the shoots must be supported) a nut of more than fifty feet long and broad. In Isaiah 5:2-4 , the Lord complains that he had planted his people as a choice Vine, excellent as that of Sorek; but that its degeneracy had defeated his purpose, and disappointed his hopes: when he expected that it should bring forth choice fruit, it yielded only such as was bad; not merely useless and unprofitable grapes, but clusters offensive and noxious. " The prophet could not have found a plant more opposite to the Vine than this; for it grows much in the Vineyards, and is very pernicious to them. It is likewise a Vine. How then art thou changed, and become to me the degenerate shoot of a strange Vine!" Jeremiah 2:21 . From some sort of poisonous fruits of the grape kind, Moses, Deuteronomy 32:32-33 , has taken those strong and highly poetical images with which he has set forth the future corruption and extreme degeneracy of the Israelites, in an allegory which has a near relation, both in its subject and imagery, to this of Isaiah: —...
"Their Vine is from the Vine of Sodom, And from the fields of Gomorrah
Flagellum - , the long trailing branch of a Vine, or a slender branch in certain mosses
Eucharistic Elements - The wine must be the natural juice of the grape Vine and uncorrupted
Elements, Eucharistic - The wine must be the natural juice of the grape Vine and uncorrupted
Vine, Allegory of the - VINE, ALLEGORY OF THE. —In the allegory of the Vine (John 15:1-10) Christ describes the close relation which exists between the disciples and Himself, and impresses on them the necessity of the continuance of this intimate union as the indispensable condition of fruitfulness on their part. It presents to us the picture of a Vine tended by a husbandman who takes away the unfruitful branches and cleanses the fruitful, i. Attention is also directed to the fact that the unfailing condition of fruit-bearing is that the branch abide in the Vine. If by any chance it is separated from the parent stock, it is of no more use, but is cast forth from the Vineyard and withers away, and is fit only for firewood. ...
In the interpretation Christ Himself is the Vine (‘the true Vine’ is the phrase used, of which we shall discuss the significance presently); His Father is the husbandman, believers, especially the disciples, are the branches. As there are unfruitful branches in the natural Vine, so there may be some who, in spite of their communion with Christ, yet prove unproductive. The fate which overtakes them is similar to that of the unfruitful branches of the natural Vine. By the cleansing of the branches (John 15:2 b) we must understand such Divine dealings as tend to greater fruitfulness in the life of the believer. The process of cleansing in the natural Vine suggests to us the chastening discipline to which the Father subjects believers (so de Wette). They are like the branches that have been broken off from the Vine, which are cast out of the Vineyard and wither away, and are gathered together and burned. What is meant by the true (ἀληθινή) Vine? It is often taken as suggesting that the natural Vine only imperfectly represents the idea of the communion of Christ with believers. But why should the Vine be selected rather than any other plant? And in what respect is the organic relationship suggested by the figure only imperfectly represented by the natural Vine? H. Holtzmann understands the phrase as meaning that Christ is the Vine which belongs to the higher world and has been planted by God in the midst of mankind; and he finds here another instance of the Platonic tendency of the Fourth Gospel to regard sensible things as imperfect copies of archetypes which exist in the world above (Handcom. ), on the analogy of the true light (John 1:9), and the true bread (John 6:32-35), understands it as meaning the Vine which may be called so in truth, and does not merely bear the name and appearance of such. But before we can understand the force of the adjective as applied to the Vine, we must recognize in what sense it is appropriate to introduce the Vine metaphorically in a religious reference. The Vine was a familiar metaphor as applied to Israel (Jeremiah 2:21, Ezekiel 15:1 ff; Ezekiel 19:10 ff. She had ‘turned into the degenerate plant of a strange Vine’ (Jeremiah 2:21). Delitzsch has further pointed out that the Vine is used as a symbol of the Messiah (Iris, English translation pp. It is with reference to this familiar metaphor that Christ calls Himself the true Vine. The idea that was held before Israel in the prophetic application to her of the figure of the Vine is realized in Him and His disciples. No clear and connected picture, of which the details are in due course interpreted, is brought before the mind; but the figure of the Vine is used as the foundation upon which is based a series of metaphors, loosely strung together, describing the relation of Christ and the believer to one another. It has been suggested that the allegory of the Vine may have been originally a parable which John has worked up into its present form. Weiss believes he can find the original elements in John 15:2; John 15:4; John 15:6, and thinks that it had taught that, as the husbandman does all in his power to make the Vine productive, but if his efforts are in vain casts forth the worthless branches and burns them up, so God’s purpose in the planting of the Kingdom of God in Israel had been to increase the fruitfulness of its members, and if that purpose is not fulfilled the only result will be the exclusion of Israel from the Kingdom. The main point in the parable could not have been that the increasing fruitfulness of the branches depended upon their abiding in the Vine, but that this abiding might be forfeited by continued unfruitfulness
Sebam - The ‘vine of Sibmah’ is mentioned by Isaiah and Jeremiah as one of the possessions of Moab on which destruction was to fall
Fray - verb is found in Zechariah 1:21 and 1Ma 14:12 (‘every man sat under his Vine and his fig tree, and there was none to fray them’); and ‘fray away’ occurs in Deuteronomy 28:26 , Jeremiah 7:33 , Sir 22:20 (‘whoso casteth a stone at the birds frayeth them away’)
Vine of Sodom - Vine of Sodom
Sorek - Sorek means "a choice kind of Vine" with dusky colored grapes. Named from plantations of this Vine; so Masrekah (Genesis 36:36)
Branch - ...
2: κλῆμα (Strong's #2814 — Noun Neuter — klema — klay'-mah ) akin to klao, "to break," denotes "a tender, flexible branch, especially the shoot of a Vine, a Vine sprout," John 15:2,4-6
Allegory - In the eightieth Psalm there is a beautiful allegory: "Thou broughtest a Vine out of Egypt," etc
Wither - In his parable of the Vine, Ezekiel likens God’s judgment on Judah to the “withering” of a Vine that is pulled up ( Parable - Some of the OT parables are Trees Making a King (2 Samuel 12:1-4); The Thistle and the Cedar (2 Kings 14:9); Israel, a Vine Planted by Water (Ezekiel 24:1014), etc
Vine of Sodom - Some judge the Vine alluded to in scripture to be the poisonous colocynth, which grows near the Dead Sea
Bramble - The author of "Scripture Illustrated" says, that the bramble seems to be well chosen as the representative of the original; which should be a plant bearing fruit of some kind, being associated, Judges 9:14 , though by opposition, with the Vine
Vine - Vine, VineYARD...
The holy Scriptures abound with the most lovely representations of Christ and his church under these similitude's; and it is not to be wondered at. The hill-country of Judea abounded with the richest and most luxurious Vines. Therefore when the church would speak of her beloved, she called him, "a cluster of cypress in the Vineyards of Engedi. In his person, blood, and righteousness, the church finds an Eshcol, a cluster of all divine perfections, all suited grace, all glory. ...
And as the church, taught by the Holy Ghost, sings her Epithalamium, or nuptial song, to the praise of Jesus, under the similitude, the Lord Jesus sings his love-song to the same figure: "I am the Vine, saith Jesus, and ye are the branches
Fig Tree - The Bible supposes the presence of the fig-tree throughout all Palestine, and regards it as one of the characteristic products of the land (Deuteronomy 8), together with the Vine, so that a land which has neither fig-tree nor Vine is considered wretched (Numbers 20). The parable speaks of a fig-tree, planted in a Vineyard. Disappointed by continual failure which leaves no hope for the future, the owner orders the tree cut down, but at the request of the Vine dresser he consents to try again and to spare the tree for another year. The Vine dresser hopes that additional care may help the tree to bear fruit. Like the fig-tree Israel receives special care from God; the mission of Christ is the last of those proofs of the Divine love for the nation, and if the people fail to respond and to heed the call, they are doomed to destruction
Germaine Cousin, Saint - Her only food was bread and water, her bed a litter of Vine branches; she was noted for her intense devotion to Our Lady and the Blessed Sacrament
Gourd - Since, however, it is now known that in the vicinity of the ancient Nineveh, a plant of the gourd kind is commonly trained to run over structures of mud and brush, to form booths in which the gardeners may protect themselves from the terrible beams of he Asiatic sun, this goes far to show that this Vine, called in the Arabic ker'a, is the true gourd of Jonah. ...
The WILD GOURD is a poisonous plant, conjectured to mean the colocynth, which has a cucumber-like Vine, with several branches, and bears a fruit of the size and color of an orange, with a hard, woody shell, within which is the white meat or pulp, exceedingly bitter, and a drastic purgative, 2 Kings 4:39
Gourd - The NIV renders the term “vine”; REB, “climbing gourd
Gleaning - The process of gathering grain or produce left in a field by reapers or on a Vine or tree by pickers
Wine - Even in areas with limited rainfall, enough dew fell at night to support thriving Vineyards. See Drink ; Vine
Nazarite - They were bound not to cut the hair or beard; to abstain from any wine, or fruit of the Vine, or any strong drink; not to touch a dead Roman body or enter the house of the dead; and to offer sacrifices proper to their state
Nazirite - They were bound not to cut the hair or beard; to abstain from any wine, or fruit of the Vine, or any strong drink; not to touch a dead Roman body or enter the house of the dead; and to offer sacrifices proper to their state
Gourd - ...
Wild gourds ( pakkû‘ôth , 2 Kings 4:39 ) were either the common squirting-cucumber ( Ecballium elalerium ), one of the most drastic of known cathartics, or, more probably, the colocynth ( Citrullus colocynlhis ), a trailing Vine-like plant with rounded gourds, intensely bitter to the taste and an irritant poison
Vignette - ) A decorative design, originally representing Vine branches or tendrils, at the head of a chapter, of a manuscript or printed book, or in a similar position; hence, by extension, any small picture in a book; hence, also, as such pictures are often without a definite bounding line, any picture, as an engraving, a photograph, or the like, which vanishes gradually at the edge
Branch - Thus, Christ is the Vine; and his disciples are the branches
Jaazer - ...
The plants of the Sibmah Vine are said in Isaiah 16:8 to have come even unto Jaazer, 15 miles from Heshbon, near Sibmah, "they wandered through the wilderness in wild luxuriance," namely, that encompassing Moab, "they are gone over the sea," namely, the sea of Jaazer, but others the Dead Sea (Psalms 80:8-11). The Vine spread itself round the margin of the sea, and reached beyond to the other side; a sad contrast to the coming desolation, when "the pagan lords" should "break down the principal plants"! "Therefore I will weep with the weeping of Jaazer," i
Vine - (ἄμπελος, βότρυς, ἀμπελών)...
Apart from the Gospels, the only books in the NT containing a reference to the Vine or to grapes are the Epistle of St. In 1 Corinthians 9:7 a Vineyard supplies the subject for one of St. There are few countries so well adapted for the cultivation of the Vine, and the extensiveness of the industry in ancient times is attested by the numerous presses and vats found all over the country. From the Mishna we learn that Vine-culture was still flourishing about a. Within the last century, however, it has revived under European influence, and large numbers of imported Vines have been planted by German and Jewish colonists. In very stony soils parallel ridges are made of the loose stones, and the Vines are planted near the side of one or other of these ridges. Where, however, the conditions permit, and the Vineyards are extensive, the plants are arranged at a considerable distance apart, and are allowed to grow to a height of about 6 or 8 ft. In ancient times they were carefully fenced in to protect them from human spoliators, on the one hand, and from the trespasses of sheep and cattle, whose partiality for Vine-leaves is well known, on the other (cf. Apparently every Vineyard had its own wine-press
Branch - Disciples are branches of the true Vine (John 15:5,6 )
Soul: Needing Something to Cling to - And just as in a neglected garden you may see the poor creepers making shift to sustain themselves as best they can; one convolvulus twisting round another, and both draggling on the ground; a clematis leaning on the door, which will by-and-by open and let the whole mass fall down; a Vine or a passion-flower wreathing round a prop which all the while chafes and cuts it; so in this fallen world it is mournful to see the efforts which human souls are making to get some sufficient object to lean upon and twine around
Dionysus - It is probable that, to begin with, he was a god of vegetation in general, but as time went on he became identified with the Vine exclusively
Idolatry - by Hogg and Vine, p
Fruit - ...
...
The fruit of the Vine, "vintage-fruit" (Heb
Overrun - ) To run over; to grow or spread over in excess; to invade and occupy; to take possession of; as, the Vine overran its trellis; the farm is overrun with witch grass
Amethyst - Quaffed from a cup of amethyst, or by a reveller wearing an amulet of that substance, the Vine-juice could not intoxicate
Archangel - " * Gall - "For their Vine is of the Vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter. " (Deuteronomy 32:32) The Lord Jesus, speaking of his sufferings on the cross, noticeth "the gall the Jews gave him to eat, and the Vinegar to drink. Bitter myrrh, with wine or Vinegar, had a tendency, it was thought, to accomplish this purpose
Imagery - Images are also used to teach who Jesus the Christ is: word (John 1:1 ); light (John 8:12 ); bread and wine (Matthew 26:26-29 ); Vine (John 15:1 ); the way (John 14:6 ). The Old Testament pictures God's people as: a faithless wife (Jeremiah 3:20 ); a wild Vine (Jeremiah 2:21 ); a wild donkey in heat (Jeremiah 2:24 ); God's beloved (Jeremiah 11:15 ); God's bride (Jeremiah 2:2 ); God's servant (Jeremiah 30:10 ); and God's son (Hosea 11:1 ). New Testament images include: light (Matthew 5:14 ); salt (Matthew 5:13 ); Vine branches (John 15:5 ); a new creation (2 Corinthians 5:17 ); God's temple (1 Corinthians 3:16 ); and a royal priesthood (1 Peter 2:9 ; compare Exodus 19:6 )
Blight - ) To be affected by blight; to blast; as, this Vine never blights
Bleed - ) To lose sap, gum, or juice; as, a tree or a Vine bleeds when tapped or wounded
Curl - ) To contract or bend into curls or ringlets, as hair; to grow in curls or spirals, as a Vine; to be crinkled or contorted; to have a curly appearance; as, leaves lie curled on the ground
Flowers - nizzah used of the inconspicuous flowers of Vine and olive, Isaiah 18:5 , Job 15:33
Nose - The precise significance of placing a Vine or branch to one's nose (Ezekiel 8:17 ) is unknown
Creep - To move along the ground, or on the surface of any other body, in growth, as a Vine to grow along
Degenerate - The degenerate plant of a strange Vine
Worm - The worm destructive of the Vines, referred to in Deuteronomy 28:39 ; which was the pyralis vitanae, or pyralis fasciana, of Forskal, the Vine weevil, a small insect extremely hurtful to the Vines
Running - ) Extending by a slender climbing or trailing stem; as, a running Vine
Fig, Fig Tree - To "sit under one's own Vine and one's own fig tree" became a proverbial expression among the Jews to denote peace and prosperity. The usual summer crop of fruits is not gathered till May or June; but in the sunny ravines of Olivet fig trees could have ripe fruit some weeks earlier (Dr
Restrain - For an extended exposition see Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp
Error - '" * Plant - …” The regular word for planting trees and Vineyards, nâṭa‛ is used figuratively of planting people: “Yet I had planted thee [1] a noble Vine …” ( Vineyard” ( Husbandman, Husbandry - In John 15:1 , however, the former has the more limited sense of Vinedresser: ‘I am the true Vine and my Father is the Vinedresser’ (AV Valley - (See Ezekiel 37:1-14) I would only beg to call the reader's attention to a beautiful instance in point, where Jesus, speaking of visiting his church, useth this figure, "I went down (said Christ) into the garden of nuts, to see the fruits of the valley; and to see whether the Vine flourished, and the pomegranate budded
Harvest - There will also be a harvest of judgement for the earth: the earth will be reaped; and the Vine of the earth, that should have produced fruit to God, will be cast into the winepress of the wrath of God
Ass - " (Judges 12:14) And Jacob, in his prophecy concerning Judah evidently had an eye to Christ: "Binding his foal" (said Jacob) "unto the Vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice Vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes
Mantle - He gave the mantling Vine to grow, ...
A trophy to his love
Hare - The poet Cowper kept some young hares in his house, and he says of one, "I made it my custom to carry him always after breakfast into the garden, where he hid himself generally under the leaves of a cucumber Vine, sleeping, or chewing the cud, till evening
Root - In Paul's allegory of the grape Vine Israel is the root of the plant, the church the branches (Romans 11:16-18 )
Empty - ) Producing nothing; unfruitful; - said of a plant or tree; as, an empty Vine
Though - In the Vine were three branches, and it was as though it budded
Nazarites - " A Nazirite, under the ancient law, was one, either male or female, under a vow to abstain from wine and all intoxicating liquors and the fruit of the Vine
Revelation - " * Epistle - " * Abstinence - ...
The Nazarite vow involved abstinence from fermented products and all produce of the grape Vine
Angel - "* Occasion - " * Gourd - It is now thought by many that the plant meant is a Vine of the cucumber family, a gemline gourd, which is much used for shade in the East
Idol - 44,45 by Hogg and Vine
Wine - In Matthew 27:34 , the RV has "wine" (AV, "vinegar," translating the inferior reading oxos). The word is used metaphorically (a) of the evils ministered to the nations by religious Babylon, Revelation 14:8 ; 17:2 ; 18:3 ; (b) of the contents of the cup of Divine wrath upon the nations and Babylon, Revelation 14:10 ; 16:19 ; 19:15 . ...
Note: In instituting the Lord's Supper He speaks of the contents of the cup as the "fruit of the Vine
Branch - ...
Proverbs 11:28 (b) The righteous will flourish from his union with GOD as a branch flourishes from its union with the Vine. ...
John 15:2 (a) This branch is a picture of the Christian, who, because he is joined to CHRIST JESUS the Vine, lives the kind of a life that CHRIST the Vine lived. The branch lives because the Vine lives
Israel - ...
Spring of water, Isaiah 58:11 (a)...
Stars, Genesis 22:17 (a)...
Trees, Psalm 104:16 (b)...
Unicorn, Numbers 24:8 (a)...
Vine, Ezekiel 15:6 (a)...
Virgin, 2 Kings 19:21 (b)...
Watered garden, Isaiah 58:11 (a)...
Wine - He was blasphemously spoken of as a wine-bibber; and He said at the last Passover, "I will drink no more of the fruit of the Vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God
Longsuffering - " * Dead - * Creep - ) To grow, as a Vine, clinging to the ground or to some other support by means of roots or rootlets, or by tendrils, along its length
Empty - Israel is an empty Vine
Apostle, Apostleship - " * Thief, Thieves - 1: κλέπτης (Strong's #2812 — Noun Masculine — kleptes — klep'-tace ) is used (a) literally, Matthew 6:19,20 ; 24:43 ; Luke 12:33,39 ; John 10:1,10 ; 12:6 ; 1 Corinthians 6:10 ; 1 Peter 4:15 ; (b) metaphorically of "false teachers," John 10:8 ; (c) figuratively, (1) of the personal coming of Christ, in a warning to a local church, with most of its members possessed of mere outward profession and defiled by the world, Revelation 3:3 ; in retributive intervention to overthrow the foes of God, Revelation 16:15 ; (2) of the Day of the Lord, in Divine judgment upon the world, 2 Peter 3:10 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:2,4 ; in 1 Thessalonians 5:2 , according to the order in the original "the word 'night' is not to be read with 'the day of the Lord,' but with 'thief,' i. " * Fig - The saying ‘to sit under one’s own Vine and fig tree’ indicated the enjoyment of long-lasting peace, contentment and prosperity. On the other hand ‘to lay waste one’s Vines and fig trees’ indicated devastation and ruin (1 Kings 4:25; 2 Kings 18:31; Hosea 2:12; Joel 1:7; Joel 1:12; Micah 4:4)
Ararat - On the side of the greater is a chasm, probably once the crater of the volcano; silence and solitude reign all around; Arguri, the only village on the descent, is the traditional site of Noah's Vine. The Vine ripens at 5000 feet, but in Europe at not higher than 2,650 feet
Sanctification, Sanctify - The sanctification of the Spirit is associated with the choice, or election, of God; it is a Divine act preceding the acceptance of the Gospel by the individual. " * Abiding - But as if to make sure that this great truth should never escape His own down the ages, Christ introduces the great figure of the Vine and the branches (John 15:1-6). The Vine was already the symbol of the ancient Church;* [5] Christ speaks of Himself as the true, the ideal Vine. But it is as a formula incomplete without the complement of John 15:5 ‘I am the Vine, ye are the branches. ’ As a Vine is inconceivable without branches,† Abiding - But as if to make sure that this great truth should never escape His own down the ages, Christ introduces the great figure of the Vine and the branches (John 15:1-6). The Vine was already the symbol of the ancient Church;* [5] Christ speaks of Himself as the true, the ideal Vine. But it is as a formula incomplete without the complement of John 15:5 ‘I am the Vine, ye are the branches. ’ As a Vine is inconceivable without branches,† Noah - He had three sons, each of whom married a wife; he built the ark in accordance with divine direction; and was 600 years old when the flood came. He planted a Vine and drank, knowingly or not we cannot say, too freely of the fruit of it
Poison - Deuteronomy 32:33 (a) The terrible story in this verse is to reveal to us that the Vine planted by our Lord, which should have produced lovely grapes, was really bringing forth poisonous liquor, such as the wickedness and evil of Sodom
Judah Territory of - This region was favorable for the olive and Vine
Branch - Believers being such "as He is in this world" (1 John 4:17) are also "branches" in Him the living Vine, yielding fruit instinctively, spontaneously, naturally, their love corresponding to His (John 15), "the branch of My planting" (Isaiah 60:21)
Strange - "...
Jeremiah 2:21 (b) Israel should have been a fruitful Vine
Bethlehem - It is surrounded by nicely-kept terraces covered with Vine, olive, and fig trees
Bottle - See CRUSE , Vine , TEARS
Judea - Jeremiah's prophecy (Jeremiah 34:22) is fulfilled; "the cities of Judaea" are "a desolation without inhabitant," the Vine-clad terraces and grainfields have only left their traces behind, ruins alone abound, and the scenery has but little beauty
Reveal - " * [1] ...
2: χρηματίζω (Strong's #5537 — Verb — chrematizo — khray-mat-id'-zo ) "to give Divine admonition, instruction, revelation," is translated "it had been revealed," in Luke 2:26
Separate - A — 1: ἀφορίζω (Strong's #873 — Verb — aphorizo — af-or-id'-zo ) "to mark off by bounds" (apo, "from," horizo, "to determine;" horos, "a limit"), "to separate," is used of "(a) the Divine action in setting men apart for the work of the gospel, Romans 1:1 ; Galatians 1:15 ; (b) the Divine judgment upon men, Matthew 13:49 ; 25:32 ; (c) the separation of Christians from unbelievers, Acts 19:9 ; 2 Corinthians 6:17 ; (d) the separation of believers by unbelievers, Luke 6:22 ; (e) the withdrawal of Christians from their brethren, Galatians 2:12 . "* Quench, Unquenchable - " * Gourd - It resembles the Vine; and as several of the Cucurbitaceoe , melons, pumpkins, etc
Bush - Moreover, a Vine might well enough be described as a ‘bush’ in the abstract; it does not grow high, and has no strength of wood (Ezekiel 15)
Conversations - Promenading, so fashionable and so agreeable in colder latitudes, was wearisome and unpleasant in the warm climates of the east, and this is probably one reason why the inhabitants of those climates preferred holding intercourse with one another, while sitting near the gate of the city, or beneath the shade of the fig tree and the Vine, 1 Samuel 22:6 ; Micah 4:4
Fig - There is, it may be added, an expressive phrase in which the fig tree is introduced; when men axe said to sit under their own Vine and their own fig tree, 1 Kings 4:26; Zechariah 3:10, a state of general peace and prosperity is indicated
Fig Tree - There is, it may be added, an expressive phrase in which the fig tree is introduced; when men axe said to sit under their own Vine and their own fig tree, 1 Kings 4:26; Zechariah 3:10, a state of general peace and prosperity is indicated
Nazarite - Under the ancient Hebrew law, a man or woman engaged by a vow to abstain from wine and all intoxicating liquors, and from the fruit of the Vine in any form; to let the hair grow; not to enter any house polluted by having a dead body in it, nor to be present at any funeral
Mark - " * Heir - " * Oneness - They imply the moral perfection of Jesus so that His life and example become the manifestation of the Divine; and not moral perfection only, for His character and teaching constitute the revelation of the Father Other passages indicate the mutual knowledge and love of the Father and the Son, and their mutual indwelling (John 17:21-25); but the main lesson is that Christ is for us the revealer and representative of God. —This thought is embodied in the allegory of the Vine (John 15:1-8). The branches are a part of the Vine, and when separated are dead. This oneness is not of equality; for the Vine is greater than the branches; the head is the source of the life, and occupies a position of authority. But it is a oneness of life, though in the conditions of normal human existence the Divine is often obscured, and at best is only partially exhibited. Such oneness, resting on the basis of Divine fellowship and the possession of Christlike excellence, becomes a means of the attainment of perfection (John 17:23)
Ohio - It was named Christ Church and was a rude plank structure erected at Vine and Liberty Streets, outside the limits of the city
Deacon - " * Bind - a hop Vine; a bine
Bee - See Honey and Vine
Winepress - See Agriculture ; Vine ; Wine
Plane Tree - Jesus is all this, and infinitely more; for like the wide spreading branches of some rich and fruitful tree of the desert, he forms every thing that is lovely to our view, and both shelters from the heat, and refresheth our thirst by his fruit in this desert of our nature, when from under his shadow "we revive as the corn, and grow as the Vine, and his scent is more fragrant than the wine of Lebanon
Phinehas - of Nablus, in the center of the village, within an area overshadowed by an old Vine
Dew - " (Isaiah 26:19) meaning that as from the rich dews which fall upon the earth, the dry, withered, and apparently dead plants of the winter shall again bud, and break forth in the spring, so the dead and dying state of Christ's redeemed shall, from the dew of his birth, "revive as the corn, and grow as the Vine
Brother, Brethren, Brotherhood, Brotherly - * Church - It is Christ's household, ( Matthew 10:25 ) the salt and light of the world, (Matthew 5:13,15 ) Christ's flock, (Matthew 26:31 ; John 10:15 ) its members are the branches growing on Christ the Vine, John 15 ; but the general description of it, not metaphorical but direct, is that it is a kingdom, (Matthew 16:19 ) From the Gospel then we learn that Christ was about to establish his heavenly kingdom on earth, which was to be the substitute for the Jewish Church and kingdom, now doomed to destruction (Matthew 21:43 ) The day of Pentecost is the birthday of the Christian church
Jotham - ) The olive, fig, and Vine, the most valuable products of Palestine, represent the nobler persons like Gideon, who bear fruit to God's glory and man's good, and wish no transference to kingly positions ("to float about restless and insecure", nuwah , instead of being rooted in the soil: Judges 9:9)
Headship - The idea of Headship is suggested in the Gospels in connexion with another figure, in our Lord’s similitude of the Vine (John 15:1 ff. Paul gives (Colossians 2:19)—‘the head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God’—corresponds to what Christ says in His parable of the Vine of the source of life and fruitfulness, with the thought of the healthy flow of life-giving sap which His words suggest: ‘As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself except it abide in the Vine, no more can ye except ye abide in me. I am the Vine, ye are the branches: he that abideth in me and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit; for without me (χωρὶς ἐμοῦ—marg. ’...
With this Pauline doctrine of the Headship of Christ over (1) the Church, (2) the human race, (3) the universe, it is interesting to compare the teaching of the Fourth Gospel regarding (1) the union of Christ as the living Vine with His people as the branches (John 15:1 ff
Nazirite - , the consecrated prince, among his brethren ( Genesis 49:26 ); the nobles of Jerusalem bear the same title ( Lamentations 4:7 ); the untrimmed Vine, whose branches recall the long hair of the Nazirite proper, is called ‘thy Nazirite’ ( Leviticus 25:5 ; Leviticus 25:11 ). According to Judges 13:1-25 and Numbers 6:1-27 , the details of outward observance covered by the vow were: (1) abstinence from the fruit of the Vine, (2) leaving the hair uncut, (3) avoidance of contact with the dead, and (4) of all unclean food. The Vine stood for the culture and civilization of Canaan, and was specially associated with the worship of the nature-gods. Women were divinely bidden to devote their promised offspring ( Judges 13:7 )
Church - ...
The Lord Jesus himself describes her union with himself under the similitude of branches in a Vine, (John 15:1, etc. ) and shews, as plain as words can make if, that the Vine and the branches are not more closely knit together, and forming one, than is Christ and his church. Yea, the figure doth not come up to the reality; for a branch may be, and sometimes is, separated from the Vine, but not so can this take place between Christ and his church, for he saith, "Because I live, ye shall live also. ...
The Vineyard of the Lord, Isaiah 5:1, etc
Eternal - " * Kin, Kindred, Kinship - ‘Already, in the spiritual religion of the Hebrews, the idea of Divine fatherhood is entirely dissociated from the basis of natural fatherhood. In His allegory of the Vine (John 15:1), Jesus practically adopts the old figure
Olives, Olivet, Mount of - ...
A great part of the mount is cultivated with wheat and barley, with a Vine here and there; also a few fig trees, but of trees there are still more of olives than any other
Philadelphia - The region being of disintegrated lava was favourable to the Vine; and the coins bear the head of Bacchus
Amen - ...
"The individual also said 'Amen' to express his 'let it be so' in response to the Divine 'thus it shall be,' Revelation 22:20 . "* Openly - " * Unity, Church - Again, in the New Testament the Church is calledthe Body of Christ, the kingdom of heaven, the Bride, and its peopleare declared to be branches of the one Vine Jesus Christ Himself. It has given men broader views and a clearer conception ofthat kingdom of grace, of which Christ is the Head and which is tobe the one, living witness whereby the world may be brought tobelieve that the Divine Father hath sent His Son to be the world'sSaviour
Fig Tree - And so much did the Lord Jesus, in his divine teaching, fall in with this popular way of conveying knowledge, that at one time we are told "without a parable spake he not unto them. Now the church is expressly compared by the Lord himself to a fig tree of his own, and planted in his Vineyard. (Luke 13:6) And the prophet, in the Old Testament dispensation, celebrated the glories of God's grace to the church under a similar figure of his planting his Vineyard with a choice Vine. As he said elsewhere, "I am the Vine; ye are the branches. The fig tree of the hedge, never planted in the Vineyard of Jesus, hath no fruit in him; and, consequently, always barren
Wine - The Vine being natural to the soil of Canaan and its vicinity, wine was much used as a beverage, especially at festivals, Esther 1:7 5:6 Daniel 5:1-4 John 2:3 . ...
See also, in connection with this article, FLAGON, MYRRH, and VineGAR . Daniel and the Rechabites saw good reason for total abstinence from wine, Jeremiah 35:14 Daniel 1:8 ; and the sentiment of Paul, on a mater involving the same principles, is divinely commended to universal adoption, Romans 14:21 1 Corinthians 8:13 . ...
For "wine-press," see PRESS , and Vine
Judah - Judah as to temporal prosperity should "bind his foal unto the Vine and his donkey's colt unto the choice Vine, washing his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of the grape, his eyes being red with wine and his teeth white with milk. Chrysostom interprets the "vine" the Jewish people, the wild donkey the Gentiles brought into the church's Vineyard. Christ is the true Vine (John 15:1); He trod the winepress alone, empurpling His garments with His blood (Isaiah 63:1 ff). 61): a rugged limestone range, with sides covered with grass, shrubs, and trees; the valleys intersecting it yield plentifully grain, wheat, and millet; orchards, olive yards, and Vineyards rise in terraces up the sides
Recompence, Recompense - " * Rock - Among the crags of the rocks, the beautiful and far-famed cedar waves its lofty top, and extends its powerful arms, surrounded by the fir and the oak, the fig and the Vine
Coming - For a fuller treatment of Parousia, see Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp
Temple - For a fuller examination of the passage, see Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp
Peraea - The olive and Vine flourish, and good harvests reward the husbandman’s toil
Woman - Since that man is born of woman is a universal fact, the statement would be superfluous if the Lord Jesus were no more than man" (Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp
Create, Creation, Creator, Creature - "* Build - The noun can also be used of an animal’s offspring: “Binding his foal unto the Vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice Vine …” ( Inherit, Inheritance - " * Acts 1:17 , RV, "portion" (AV, "part"); Acts 8:21 , "lot;" (c) "a charge" (lit
Mountains - Mount Sinai asserts the terrors of the divine law. ...
Judea was eminently a hilly country; and the sacred poets and prophets drew from the mountains around them many beautiful and sublime illustrations of divine truth. The integrity of the divine nature is sure and lasting"Thy righteousness is like the great mountains," Psalm 36:6 . ...
The hills of Judea were anciently cultivate to the top, with scores of terraces, and covered with Vines, olives, figs, etc. Hence the expression, alluding to the Vine of God's planting, "the hills were covered with the shadow of it," Psalm 80:10 ; and others of the same kind. There is very striking proof of this in some districts, as that about Hebron, which abounds with rock, and yet is covered with the most productive Vineyards. What a garden of delights this must have been, when instead of grass making green the surface, verdant and luxuriant Vines were their clothing. We could understand how the words of Joel shall yet be literally true, The mountains shall drop down new wine,' when every Vine on these hills shall be hanging its ripe clusters over the terraces
Fruit (2) - In its natural sense the word ‘fruit’ is used: (a) in reference to grain-crops (Matthew 13:8, Mark 4:7, Luke 8:8; Luke 12:17); (b) physiologically, of the fruit of the womb (Luke 1:42); (c) of the fruit of (α) trees generally (Matthew 3:10, Luke 3:9); (β) the fig-tree (Matthew 21:9, Mark 11:14, Luke 1:36); (γ) the Vine (Matthew 21:41, Mark 12:2, Luke 20:10). —Christ Himself is intimately associated with (a) the Divine quest of fruit; (b) the Divine creation of fruit; (c) the Divine suffering and sacrifice of fruit-production. ...
(a) Jesus descries Himself (Matthew 21, Luke 20) under the figure of the Son whom the Master of the Vineyard sends to ask fruit of the husbandman. ]'>[1] That relic summarizes the Divine aspects of the question of fruit as it is presented in the Gospels. ...
(2) We are the branches which bear fruit according as we abide in the Vine (John 15). The branches which draw most sustenance from the Vine are the most productive, so the soul which keeps most faithfully the Lord’s commandments abides the most in His love and is most fruitful. ...
(4) We are the husbandmen, who are expected to tend the Vineyard (Luke 20), and to make it fruitful, and to yield up a proportion of the fruit at rightful times to the Lord of the Vineyard
Life, Living, Lifetime, Life-Giving - "* Boar - Its destroying a Vineyard partly by eating the grapes, partly by trampling the Vines under foot, is the image of the pagan world power's ravaging of Israel, Jehovah's choice Vine, transplanted from Egypt into the Holy Land
Gath - ("a winepress"), Gath being in a Vine-abounding country
Union to Christ - That act of divine grace by which we are joined to Christ; and is considered, ...
1. It is also compared to the union of a Vine and its branches, John 15:4-5 . This union must be considered not as a mere mental union only in comfort or notion; nor a physical union as between the head and the members; nor as an essential union, or union with the divine nature; but as a mystical union, Ephesians 5:32
Christ - Some types of CHRIST:...
Aaron, Exodus 28:2 (c)...
Adam, Genesis 5:2 (c)...
Ark, (covenant), Exodus 25:10 (c)...
Ark, (Noah's), Genesis 6:14 (c)...
Ass, Genesis 49:14 (c)...
Author, Hebrews 5:9 (c)...
Bishop, 1 Peter 2:25 (a)...
Body, 1 Corinthians 12:12 (a)...
Branch, Zechariah 3:8 (a)...
Bread, John 6:51 (a)...
Bridegroom, Matthew 25:1 (b)...
Bullock, Leviticus 1:5 (c)...
Burnt Offering, Leviticus 1:3 (b)...
Calf, Revelation 4:7 (b)...
Captain, Hebrews 2:10 (a)...
Chief, Song of Solomon 5:10 (b)...
Commander, Isaiah 55:4 (b)...
Cornerstone, Isaiah 28:16 (a)...
Covert, Isaiah 32:2 (a)...
David, 2 Samuel 19:10 (c)...
Day, Psalm 118:24 (b)...
Door, John 10:9 (a)...
Eagle, Revelation 4:7 (b)...
Flour, Leviticus 2:1 (c)...
Foundation, Isaiah 28:16 (b)...
Fountain, Zechariah 13:1 (b)...
Garment, Isaiah 61:10 (b), Romans 13:14...
Gate, Psalm 118:20 (b)...
Gold, Isaiah 13:12 (a)...
Headstone, Psalm 113:22 (b)...
Heir, Hebrews 1:2 (a)...
Hen, Matthew 23:37 (a)...
Hiding Place, Isaiah 32:2 (a)...
High Priest, Hebrews 4:14 (a)...
Isaac, Genesis 24:36 (c)...
Jacob, Genesis 32:28 (c)...
Jonah, Matthew 12:40 (a)...
Joseph, Genesis 37:7 (c)...
Joshua, Joshua 1:1 (c)...
Judge, Acts 17:31 (a)...
King, Psalm 2:6 (a)...
Lamb, Revelation 5:6 (a)...
Leaves, Revelation 22:2 (c)...
Light, John 8:12 (a)...
Lily of the Valleys, Song of Solomon 2:1 (c)...
Lion, Revelation 5:5 (a)...
Manna, John 6:32 (a)...
Master of the House, Luke 13:25 (b)...
Meal, 2 Kings 4:41 (c)...
Mediator (umpire), 1 Timothy 2:5 (a)...
Melchizedek, Genesis 14:18 (c)...
Merchantman, Matthew 13:45 (b)...
Owl, Psalm 102:6 (a)...
Ox:, Ezekiel 1:10 (b)...
Passover, 1 Corinthians 5:7 (a)...
Peace Offering, Leviticus 3:1 (c)...
Pelican, Psalm 102:6 (a)...
Physician, Jeremiah 8:22 (c)...
Pigeon, Leviticus 12:6 (c)...
Propitiation (mercy seat), Romans 3:25 (a)...
Ram, Genesis 22:13 (a)...
Rock, Matthew 16:18 (a)...
Rock of Ages, Isaiah 26:4 (margin) (a)...
Rose of Sharon, Song of Solomon 2:1 (c)...
Root, Revelation 22:16 (a)...
Sabbath, Colossians 2:16-17 (b)...
Seed, Genesis 3:15 (a)...
Serpent, John 3:14 (a)...
Shepherd, John 10:11 (a)...
Sin, 2 Corinthians 5:21 (a)...
Sin Offering, Leviticus 4:32 (c)...
Solomon, 1 Kings 10:13 (c)...
Sower, Matthew 13:37 (a)...
Sparrow, Psalm 102:7 (a)...
Star, Revelation 22:16 (a)...
Sun, Malachi 4:2 (a)...
Temple, John 2:19 (a)...
Thief, Revelation 3:3 (a)...
Tree, Revelation 22:2 (b)...
Trespass Offering, Leviticus 5:6 (c)...
Turtle dove, Leviticus 1:14 (c)...
Vine, John 15:5 (a)...
Worm, Psalm 22:6 (a)...
Noble - 17:8 the word implies “noble or majestic”: “It was planted in a good soil by great waters … that it might be a goodly [2] Vine
Jesus - " * Philadelphia - of Philadelphia, and this was a great Vine-producing region
Naz'Arite, - ( Numbers 6:1-21 ) The Nazarite, during-the term of has consecration, was bound to abstain from wine grapes, with every production of the Vine and from every kind of intoxicating drink. This was consistent with the purpose of divine wisdom for the time for which it was ordained
C — 1: προφητεύω (Strong's #4395 — Verb — propheteuo — prof-ate-yoo'-o ) "to be a prophet, to prophesy," is used (a) with the primary meaning of telling forth the Divine counsels, e
Part - 19:14 bad is used of the “shoots” or limbs of a Vine; “And fire is gone out of a rod of her branches …” (cf
Covenant - ...
"The NT uses of the word may be analyzed as follows: (a) a promise or undertaking, human or Divine, Galatians 3:15 ; (b) a promise or undertaking on the part of God, Luke 1:72 ; Acts 3:25 ; Romans 9:4 ; 11:27 ; Galatians 3:17 ; Ephesians 2:12 ; Hebrews 7:22 ; 8:6,8,10 ; 10:16 ; (c) an agreement, a mutual undertaking, between God and Israel, see Deuteronomy 29 ; 30 (described as a 'commandment,' Hebrews 7:18 , cp. " * [1] See TESTAMENT
Wine - " Hosea 4:13, chomets , "vinegar" or sour wine, such as the posca which the Roman soldiers drank, and such as was offered to Jesus on the cross (Psalms 69:22). cheereth God and man"; the Vine represents here the nobler families who promote the nation's prosperity in a way pleasing to God and man (Psalms 103:15). Jonadab's prohibition of wine to the Rechabites was in order to keep them as nomads from a settled life such as Vine cultivation needed (Jeremiah 35). The third cup was called because of the grace "the cup of blessing" (1 Corinthians 10:16), "the fruit of the Vine" (Matthew 26:29)
Nazarite - He must not touch strong drink or anything that came of the Vine: typical of turning away from sources of earthly energy and joy
Tree of Life - Driven out from the Garden of Eden, he was effectually debarred from this Divine good. In the Babylonian-Assyrian circle this tree was date-palm, cedar, or Vine (F. In the Zend-Avesta the tree of life is the white Haoma-death-destroyer-similar to a grape Vine, with plentiful buds and jasmine-like leaves; whoever eats of the fruit becomes immortal (SBE [3]3 xxiii. ‘The tree had always been the seat of Divine life and the intermediary between Divine and human nature. … In the holy tree the Divine life is bringing itself closer to man’ (W
Nazarite - In Leviticus 25:5; Leviticus 25:11, "neither gather the grapes of thy 'Nazarite' (undressed) Vine," the figure is taken from the "unshorn" locks of the Nazarite, "separated" (by being unpruned) from common use in the sabbatical and the Jubilee years. vow of a Nazarite" implies, it was no new institution, but one now regulated by divinely given rules. Luke 1:15) leans to the Jews' identification of the Vine with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and the N
Wine - The natural history and culture of the Vine are described under a separate head. [1] The only other plant whose fruit is noticed as having been converted into wine was the pomegranate
Fuel - " The Jews are sometimes compared in the prophets to "a brand plucked out of the burning,"...
Amos 4:11 ; Zechariah 3:2 ; a figure which Chardin considers as referring to Vine twigs, and other brushwood which the orientals frequently use for fuel, and which, in a few minutes, must be consumed if they are not snatched out of the fire; and not to those battens, or large branches, which will lie a long time in the fire before they are reduced to ashes. The withered stalks of herbs and flowers, the tendrils of the Vine, the small branches of myrtle, rosemary, and other plants, are all used in heating their ovens and bagnios
Chief Parables And Miracles in the Bible - ...
The Vine. ...
Vineyard. ...
Eagle and Vine. ...
Laborers in the Vineyard
Faith - (6) For the difference between the teaching of Paul and that of James, on "faith" and works, see Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp
Peace, Peaceable, Peaceably - " * Patience, Patient, Patiently - " * Arden - ...
Isaiah 1:8 (a) Here is a type which describes the woeful conditions of the nation of Israel which should have been filled with useful and beautiful fruit, but instead produced only a strange, worthless useless fruit of the cucumber Vine
Sinai - Eshcol, where the spies went, lay not far off from Kadesh in the Vine abounding district on the way to Hebron; the hill sides are covered with small stone heaps, on which the Vines were trained
Condemnation (2) - —The disappearance of the term ‘damnation’ in the Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 of the Gospels is suggestive of more sober and reasonable thoughts about the Divine judgment against sin. ...
But in this present life there is always at work a certain inevitable and automatic Divine condemnation. So, even in this life, the Divine condemnation of evil is being worked out, without that irrevocable sentence which constitutes the final condemnation. Without the sap of God’s favour the Vine must already begin to wither (John 15:6)
Wing - This is best expressed in Ezekiel’s parable of the two eagles and the Vine: “And say, Thus saith the Lord God; A great eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had divers colors, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar: he cropped off the top of his young twigs, and carried it into a land of traffic; he set it in a city of merchants” ( Admonition, Admonish - "*
B — 3: χρηματίζω (Strong's #5537 — Verb — chrematizo — khray-mat-id'-zo ) primarily, "to transact business," then, "to give advice to enquirers" (especially of official pronouncements of magistrates), or "a response to those consulting an oracle," came to signify the giving of a Divine "admonition" or instruction or warning, in a general way; "admonished" in Hebrews 8:5 , AV (RV, "warned")
Tempt - While He was truly man, and His Divine nature was not in any way inconsistent with His Manhood, there was nothing in Him such as is produced in us by the sinful nature which belongs to us; in Hebrews 11:37 , of the testing of OT saints; in 1 Corinthians 10:13 , where the meaning has a wide scope, the verb is used of "testing" as permitted by God, and of the believer as one who should be in the realization of his own helplessness and his dependence upon God (see PROVE , TRY); in a bad sense, "to tempt" (a) of attempts to ensnare Christ in His speech, e. " * Walk - " * Faith - (6) For the difference between the teaching of Paul and that of James, on "faith" and works, see Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp
Year - , Luke 3:1 (dates were frequently reckoned from the time when a monarch began to reign); in Galatians 3:17 the time of the giving of the Law is stated as 430 "years" after the covenant of promise given to Abraham; there is no real discrepancy between this and Exodus 12:40 ; the Apostle is not concerned with the exact duration of the interval; it certainly was not less than 430 "years;" the point of the argument is that the period was very considerable; Galatians 1:18 ; 2:1 mark events in Paul's life; as to the former the point is that three "years" elapsed before he saw any of the Apostles; in Galatians 2:1 the 14 "years" may date either from his conversion or from his visit to Peter mentioned in Galatians 1:18 ; the latter seems the more natural (for a full discussion of the subject see Notes on Galatians by Hogg and Vine, pp
Husbandman - As sure token of happy and successful labours, the plain was verdant with the growing grain, the Vines hung graceful from the terraced slope. On the principles and growth of the great Kingdom He could discourse profitably under the familiar images of seed-time and harvest, tree or plant culture in their gardens, or the on goings in their season of the workers in the Vineyard on the hill. Men are working in the clumps of Vines (Matthew 21:28), from which the wine-press peeps (Mark 12:1), and where the watch-tower stands upon its bolder coign (Mark 12:1). Vine (Allegory of) for discourse upon the Vine and the Branches, John 15:1-8, where the Father is the Husbandman; cf. Endless pains had been taken (Mark 12:1) with the Vineyard of the Kingdom, yet when messenger after messenger came seeking fruit in the Divine name, they had been sent empty away, and contumeliously treated—one beaten, another wounded, a third killed (Mark 12:2-5). Their doom, He concludes, is written with God’s own finger on the wall, for those who had the eyes to see: ‘He will come, and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the Vineyard unto others’ (Mark 12:9)
Palm Tree - "I said I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as the clusters of the Vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples. And not only in Judea, but in all places of the east where palms are found, the branches of it have always been celebrated as the tokens of triumph and victory; hence when the Lord Jesus entered Jerusalem, the multitude, as if overruled by a divine power, "took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna, blessed is the King of Israel, that cometh in the name of the Lord. " (Hosea 14:8) And so again, (John 15:4) "Abide in me, and I in you; as the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the Vine, no more can ye, except ye abide in me?"...
We are told that the palm tree is all evergreen
Eucharist - 25 Verily I say unto you, I will no more drink of the fruit of the Vine, until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God. 29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the Vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom. 17 And he received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: 18 for I say unto you, I will not drink from henceforth of the fruit of the Vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. These words, though referring more particularly to the Eucharistic bread, yet, as extending to the whole meal (‘this passover’), require no mention of the action that would accompany them; whereas the companion statement concerning the fruit of the Vine ( 1 Corinthians 11:26-27 ) necessitates the mention of the cup ( John 6:52-58 ). ]'>[2] This may be due to the fact that Luke introduces the cup primarily in relation to our Lord’s utterance concerning the fruit of the Vine. And, though the form of words in which, according to the traditional ritual, the house-father recalled the redemption from Egypt is probably present to the Apostle’s mind, it is uncertain whether this recital of Divine deliverance was directed towards God
Ramah - This town was probably the home of Shimei, the Ramathite , David’s Vine-dresser ( 1 Chronicles 27:27 )
Righteousness - " * Soul - "* Blameless - Vine, M. , Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words
Solomon - It is further exemplified by all dwelling in safety, "every man under his Vine and under his fig tree
Cluster - First, when the spies went up to search the promised land, and brought back the cluster of the rich fruit of Eshcol, (Numbers 13:23) And again, the church, in the book of the Songs, (Song of Song of Solomon 1:14) where she commends her beloved, under the sweet similitude of the same, "My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the Vineyards of Engedi. Christ, who is himself the glorious object intended to be set forth, is, indeed, a rich cluster of all divine and human excellencies in one, full of grace for his people here, and full of glory to all above. Jesus calls himself the Vine, (John 15:1) and the church saith that his growth is in the Vineyards of Engedi, the richest soil of all the earth, where not only the finest grapes, but the loftiest palm trees abounded, even Hazazon-lamar
Circumcision, Uncircumcision, Circumcise - See also Romans 4:9-12 " * [1] ...
Upon the preaching of the Gospel to, and the conversion of, Gentiles, a sect of Jewish believers arose who argued that the Gospel, without the fulfillment of "circumcision," would make void the Law and make salvation impossible, Acts 15:1
Belief, Believe, Believers - 126, by Hogg and Vine)
Son - "* Spirit - Acts 12:15 ; (o) divine gift for service, 1 Corinthians 14:12,32 ; (p) by metonymy, those who claim to be depostories of these gifts, 2 Thessalonians 2:2 ; 1 John 4:1-3 ; (q) the significance, as contrasted with the form, of words, or of a rite, John 6:63 ; Romans 2:29 ; 7:6 ; 2 Corinthians 3:6 ; (r) a vision, Revelation 1:10 ; 4:2 ; 17:3 ; 21:10 . " *
The subject of the "Holy Spirit" in the NT may be considered as to His Divine attributes; His distinct Personality in the Godhead; His operation in connection with the Lord Jesus in His birth, His life, His baptism, His death; His operations in the world; in the church; His having been sent at Pentecost by the Father and by Christ; His operations in the individual believer; in local churches; His operations in the production of Holy Scripture; His work in the world, etc
Money - In copper, on one side a palmtree with the name "Simon"; the reverse, a Vine leaf, with the legend "for the freedom of Jerusalem. Coins exist of the time of Judea's revolt from Rome, inscribed with "the liberty of Zion," a Vine stalk, leaf, and tendril
D — 1: ἁγιάζω (Strong's #37 — Verb — hagiazo — hag-ee-ad'-zo ) "to hallow, sanctify," in the Passive Voice, "to be made holy, be sanctified," is translated "let him be made holy" in Revelation 22:11 , the aorist or point tense expressing the definiteness and completeness of the Divine act; elsewhere it is rendered by the verb "to sanctify
Spiritual - " * Fig, Fig-Tree - The bark is smooth, and the size and thickness of the leaves readily explain the point of the Jewish proverb-‘to sit under one’s own Vine and one’s own fig-tree’ (1 Kings 4:25, Micah 4:4, Zechariah 3:10)
Slip - ) A twig separated from the main stock; a cutting; a scion; hence, a descendant; as, a slip from a Vine
Eating - When they have eaten, he takes the vessel of wine in his right hand, saying as before "Blessed be thou, O Lord our God, the King of the world, who hast produced the fruit of the Vine
Drink - They were commanded not to eat any product of the Vine ( New - ...
"The new things that are to be received and enjoyed hereafter are: a new name, the believer's, Revelation 2:17 ; a new name, the Lord's, Revelation 3:12 ; a new song, Revelation 5:9 ; a new Heaven and a new Earth, Revelation 21:1 ; the new Jerusalem, Revelation 3:12 ; 21:2 ; 'And He that sitteth on the Throne said, Behold, I make all things new,' Revelation 21:5 " * Meek, Meekness - " * Wine And Strong Drink - At a later period, when the ancestors of the Hebrews became acquainted with the Vine and its culture, the Indo-Germanic term represented by the Greek oinos (with the digamma, woinos ) and the Latin vinum was borrowed, under the form yáyin , to denote the fermented juice of the grape. Reference may also be made to the poetical expression ‘the blood of the grape’ ( Genesis 49:11 , Deuteronomy 32:14 ) and to the later ‘fruit of the Vine’ ( Matthew 26:29 and ||) of the Gospels and the Mishna. The Promised Land was pre-eminently a ‘land of wine … and Vineyards’ ( 2 Kings 18:32 ), as is attested by the widely scattered remains of the ancient presses. ...
The grapes were brought from the adjoining Vineyard in baskets, and were either spread out for a few days, with a view to increase the amount of sugar and diminish the amount of water in the grapes, or were at once thrown into the press-vat. The only wine, other than ‘the fruit of the Vine,’ mentioned by name in OT is the ‘sweet wine’ of pomegranates ( Song of Solomon 8:2 RVm Paul as an Evangelical Mystic - Ere ever we are aware we ourselves are mystics already as soon as we begin to read in John about the Living Bread, and the True Vine; and in Paul about the Head of the Church and His indwelling in us. " As also in our Lord's so mystical and so beautiful parable of the true Vine and its true branches. The same sap that is in the Vine is in the branch. But, over and above being both Son of God and Son of Man: from the mystical union of the Godhead and the Manhood in His Divine Person, He is the Christ also. ...
But how, asks some one honestly and anxiously,-how shall I ever become such a miracle of Divine grace as to be actually, myself, a member of Christ's mystical body? Just begin at once to be one of His members, and the thing is done. " But why argue out such remote and historical instances when we have it all within ourselves? Let any man among ourselves carry about Christ in his own heart; let any man abide in Christ as the branch abides in the Vine: let any man cleave as close to Christ as a member of our body cleaves close to its head: let any man say unceasingly every day, and in every cross and temptation of every day, "I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live: yet not I, but Christ liveth in me;" and you will be absolutely sure to find that man the most willing, the most active, the most practical, and the most efficient man in every kind of Christian work
Shechem (1) - ...
Jotham's parable as to the trees, the Vine, the fig, and the bramble, were most appropriate to the scenery; contrast the shadow of the bramble which would rather scratch than shelter, with Isaiah 32:2. In the left corner is a Vine whose branches "run over the wall" (Genesis 49:22)
Allegory - We have also a very fine example of allegory in Psalms 80; in which the people of Israel are represented under the image of a Vine, and the figure is supported throughout with great correctness and beauty. Whereas, if, instead of describing the Vine as wasted by the boar from the wood, and devoured by the wild beasts of the field, the Psalmist had said, it was afflicted by Heathens, or overcome by enemies, which is the real meaning, the figurative and the literal meaning would have been blended, and the allegory ruined
Death, Death-Stroke - " * Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness - " * Heir - It attaches large numbers to their country, as proprietors, eager to defend the soil which is their own, and on which each ate of his own Vine and fig tree (Isaiah 36:16)
Fig - "To sit under one's own Vine and figtree" was the proverb for peace and prosperity; so under Solomon (1 Kings 4:25); type of the true Solomon, Prince of peace, and of His coming millennial reign (Micah 4:4; Zechariah 3:10); men will be safe in the open field as in the house
Ability, Able - ...
Note: Still stronger forms are exischuo, "to be thoroughly strong," Ephesians 3:18 , "may be strong" (not simply "may be able," AV); katischuo, Matthew 16:18 ; Luke 23:23 , in the former, of the powerlessness of the gates of Hades to prevail against the Church; in the latter, of the power of a fierce mob to prevail over a weak ruler (see Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, p
Asleep, Sleep - , 1 Thessalonians 5:7 ; (b) of carnal indifference to spiritual things on the part of believers, Ephesians 5:14 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:6,10 (as in Mark 13:36 ), a condition of insensibility to Divine things involving conformity to the world (cp. " * Balsam Tree - This tree Pliny describes as peculiar to the vale of Jericho, and as "more like a Vine than a myrtle. The trees of the opobalsamum have a resemblance to fir trees; but they are lower, and are planted and husbanded after the manner of Vines
Church - Some of these have been intimated above; others are that of husband and wife, Ephesians 5:30-32, a Vine and its branches, John 15:1-6, and a shepherd and his flock, John 10:11
Parable - ...
Vine and branches, John 15:1-5
Fruit - James 3:12 asks whether a fig-tree can yield olives or a Vine figs. ’ This recalls the Parable of the Vineyard spoken by Jesus (Matthew 21, Luke 20); Christian churches and lives are fields and gardens from which the owner who has spent love and time and care over them may reasonably expect good results, ‘fruit unto God’ (Romans 7:4). ’ Trees are known by their fruit, and the existence of these virtues in an individual or a community are the surest, if not the sole, signs that the life is rooted with Christ in God, that the branches are abiding in the True Vine
Delight - Vine, Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words ; W
Capernaum - " Vine leaves, and the pot of manna, are still to be seen among the rich carvings of the ruins Of the lintel at Tell Hum
Day - *
For the eventual development of the Divine purposes in relation to the human race see 2 Peter 3:12 , "the Day of God
Fruit - , the grain seeds sown, Matthew 13:1-9 ; the fig tree cursed, Matthew 21:18-22 ; the grape Vine likened to God's people, Jeremiah 2:21 ; John 15:1-7 )
Garden - The Vine wound round the trellis or outer staircase, the emblem of the loving and fruitful wife and the happy home (Psalms 128:3)
Leb'Anon, - ( Joshua 13:5 )
Lebanon --the western range-- commences on the south of the deep ravine of the Litany , the ancient river Leontes, which drains the valley of Cole-Syria, and falls into the Mediterranean five miles north of Tyre. Fig trees cling to the naked rock; Vines are trained along narrow ledges; long ranges of mulberries, on terraces like steps of stairs, cover the more gentle declivities; and dense groves of olives fill up the bottoms of the glens. The Vine is still largely cultivated in every part of the mountain
Eating - " Having distributed the bread among the guests, he takes the vessel of wine in his right hand, saying, "Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the world, who hast produced the fruit of the Vine
Judge - Judges 3:10 ; (h) to form an opinion, Luke 7:43 ; John 7:24 ; Acts 4:19 ; Romans 14:5 ; (i) to make a resolve, Acts 3:13 ; 20:16 ; 1 Corinthians 2:2 " * Obedience, Obedient, Obey - " * Lord's Supper (ii) - That it was an acted parable of Divine truth He asserted to the multitude which sought Him at Capernaum, in the words: ‘Ye seek me, not because ye saw signs, but because ye ate of the loaves, and were filled. As such it suggests (α) a real spiritual participation on the part of the communicant in the human nature of Christ by the power of the Holy Ghost, and a consequent union with His Divine Person; (β) connexion with His death, indicated in the words ‘the bread which I will give is my flesh, for the life of the world,’ and with His resurrection, indicated by the references to ‘the bread of life’ and ‘the living bread. (β) This idea had been emphasized in our Lord’s ministry in the Feeding of the Five thousand and the subsequent discourse, and the disciples had been taught that in eating His flesh and drinking His blood they would have participation in Divine life (John 6:53-57). ’ To adopt either of them involves putting aside the cumulative argument which has already been briefly detailed; the main argument by which they have been supported is the supposed merely metaphorical character of certain phrases, alleged to be parallel, in which our Lord described Himself as ‘the bread of life’ (John 6:35; John 6:41; John Joh_6:48), ‘the living bread’ (John 6:51), ‘the light of the world’ (John 8:12, John 9:5), ‘the door of the sheep’ (John 10:7-8), ‘the good shepherd’ (John 10:11; John 10:14), ‘the way’ (John 14:6), ‘the true Vine’ (John 15:1; John 15:5). Verily I say unto you, I will no more drink of the fruit of the Vine, until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God. in that (1) he has ‘this is my blood of the covenant’ instead of ‘this is the new covenant in my blood’; (2) he omits ‘this do, as oft as ye drink it, as my memorial’; (3) he adds ‘which is poured out for many’; (4) he adds ‘Verily I say unto you, I will no more drink of the fruit of the Vine, until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God. But I say unto you, I will not drink hence-forth of this fruit of the Vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom. ’ There is little here different from Mark’s account which calls for comment: (α) ‘unto remission of sins’ is added to ‘poured out,’ specifying distinctly the object of the sacrificial offering of our Lord’s blood; (β) the words ‘with you’ are added in the description of the future ‘new’ drinking of ‘this fruit of the Vine’; (γ) the phrase ‘my Father’s kingdom’ is used instead or ‘the kingdom of God,’ both phrases alike being desc
Teaching of the Twelve Apostles - (3) The thanksgiving for the cup runs: "We give thanks to Thee our Father for the holy Vine of Thy servant David which Thou hast made known to us through Thy servant Jesus. " This expression the "vine of David" was known to Clement of Alexandria who says of Christ (Quis Dives Salv. 29) "Who poured forth the wine the blood of the Vine of David for our wounded souls. 5) treating of Genesis 49 "binding the colt to the Vine," he interprets "the Vine" of the Logos Who gives His blood as the Vine yields wine
Names of Our Lord - ...
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT ...
Almighty Word, Wisdom of Solomon 18:15
Brightness of Eternal Light, Wisdom of Solomon 7:26
Child, Isaiah 9:6
Counsellor, Isaiah 9:6
Desire of Eternal Hills, Genesis 49:26
Desired of all nations, Aggeus 2:8
Emmanuel, Isaiah 7:14
Expectation of nations, Genesis
Father of World to Come, Isaiah
God the Mighty, Isaiah 9:6
Holy One of Israel, Isaiah 43:3
Holy One, Psalms 15:10
Just Branch, Jeremiah 23:5
Just, Isaiah 45:8
King of Glory, Song of Solomon 18:1524
Lord of Hosts, Isaiah 9:7
Lord Our Just One, Jeremiah 23:6
Man of Sorrows, Isaiah 53:3
Man, Michah 5:5
My Just One, Isaiah 41:10
Orient, Zachariah 6:12
Prince of Peace, Isaiah 9:6
Root of Jesse, Isaiah 11:10
Ruler of the Earth, Isaiah 16:1
Sun of Justice, Malachi 4:2
Wonderful, Isaiah 9:6
USED BY HIMSELF ...
Bread of Life, John 6:35
Door, John 10:9
Good Shepherd, John 10:11
Life, John 11:25
Light of the World, John 9:5
Lord, John 13:13
Master, John 13:13
Resurrection and Life, John 11:25
Son of Man, Matthew 8:2O
Son, John 5:22
Vine, John 15:1
Way, Truth, and Life, John 14:6
USED BY THE APOSTLES and EVANGELISTS ...
Advocate, 1 John 2:1
Almighty, Apocalypse 1:8
Alpha and Omega, Apocalypse 1:8
Amen, Apocalypse 3:14
Author and Finisher of Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Author of Life, Acts 3:15
Beginning and End, Apocalypse 1:8
Blessed God, Mark 14:61
Child Jesus, Luke 2:43
Christ Jesus, 1 Timothy 1:1
Christ, Matthrew 1:18
Corner-Stone, Epheisans 2:21
Day Star, 2 Peter 1:19
Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Faithful Witness, Apocalypse 1:5
First and Last, Apocalypse 1:17
First Born from the Dead, Apocalypse 1:5
Galitean, Matthew 26:69
God of the Jews, Romans 3:29
Great Pastor, Hebrews 13:20
He that is to come, Hebrews 10:37
Head, Ephesians 4:15
High Priest, Hebrews 2:17
Jesus Christ the Just, 1 John 2:1
Jesus, Matthew 27:17
Key of David, Apocalypse 3:7
King of Kings, Apocalypse 19:16
Lamb of God, John 1:29
Life Eternal, 1 John 1:2
Lion of the Tribe of Juda, Apocalypse 5:5
Living Stone, 1 Peter 2:4
Lord Jesus Christ, Acts 10:48
Lord of All, Galatians 4:1
Lord of Lords, Apocalypse 19:16
Lord Our God, Apocalypse 4:11
Mediator, Hebrews 9:15
Messias, John 1:41 (passim)
Only Begotten of the Father, John 1:14
Our Lord Jesus Ghrist, Romans 1:4
Pascha Nostrum, 1 Corinthians 5:7
Power of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Priest, Hebrews 8:4
Prince of the kings of the earth, Apocalypse 1:5
Rabbi, John 1:18
Rock of Scandal, Romans 9:33
Root of David, Apocalypse 5:6
Saviour of the world, John 4:42
Saviour, Luke 2:11
Son of David, Mark 12:86
Son of God, Matthew 8:29
Son of Joseph, Luke 3:23
Son of the Living God, Matthew 16:16
Star of the morning, Apocalypse 2:23
Stone of stumbling, 1 Peter 2:8
Stone, Matthew 21:42
Teacher, John 3:2
That which was from the beginning, 1 John 1:1
Victim, Ephesians 5:2
Wisdom of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Word, John 1:1
Word of God, Apocalypse 19:13
Word of Life, 1 John 1:1
USED BY OTHERS ...
Adonai, O Antiphons
Angel in the liturgy of the Mass
Captain of our salvation, Ephiphany, Matins
Captain of the Martyrs, Octain of Saint Stephen, Matins
Carpenter's Son, Matthew 13:55
Christ our King, First Wednesday in Advent, Matins
Christ the Lord, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Eagle, Saint Maximus, Homily 42
Eternal, Christmas Day, Lauds
Eternal Word of God made Flesh, Ember Saturday in Advent, Martins
Glory of Thy people Israel, Luke 2:32
God of God, title in Gloria
God our Saviour, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
God the Son, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Great Prophet, First Sunday in Advent, Lauds
Heavenly Bridegroom, Epiphany, Lauds
Holy, Luke 1:35
Holy One of God, Luke 4
King of all the earth, Second Monday in Advent, Vespers
King of Angel Hosts above, Circumcision, Matins
King of Heaven, Christmas Day, Matins
King of Israel, Mark 15:32
King of Righteousness, Third Thursday in Advent, Matins
King of the Gentiles, O Antiphons
King of the Jews, Matthew 2:2
King Peaceful, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
Light to the revelation of the Gentiles, Luke 2:32
Light of Light, title in Gloria
Lord of Angels, Eve of Epiphany, Matins
Lord Our King, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Lawgiver, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Saviour, Circumcision, Matins
Lord that shall rule, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord the King, Ephiphany, Matins
Lord the Ruler, Second Sunday in Advent, Matins
Perfect, Perfectly - "* [* From Notes on Thessalonians by Hogg and Vine, p
Agriculture - Thus every family felt its own life with intense keenness, and had its divine tenure which it was to guard from alienation. The prohibition of culture in the sabbatical year formed a kind of rent reserved by the divine Owner. Of the two former, together with the Vine, olive and fig, the use of irrigation, the plough and the harrow, mention is made ln the book of ( Job 31:40 ; 15:33 ; 24:6 ; 29:19 ; 39:10 ) Two kinds of cumin (the black variety called fitches), (Isaiah 28:27 ) and such podded plants as beans and lentils may be named among the staple produce. (Amos 9:9 ) Fields and floors were not commonly enclosed; Vineyard mostly were, with a tower and other buildings. For his benefit, too, a sheaf forgotten in carrying to the floor was to be left; so also with regard to the Vineyard' and the olive grove
Live - Revelation 20:13 ; (h) the way of access to God through the Lord Jesus Christ, Hebrews 10:20 ; (i) the manifestation of Divine power in support of Divine authority, 2 Corinthians 13:4 ; cp. " * Lily - The withered stalks of herbs and flowers, the tendrils of the Vine, the small branches of rosemary, and other plants, are all used in heating their ovens and bagnios. Smith observes, "It is natural to presume the divine Teacher, according to his usual custom, called the attention of his hearers to some object at hand; and as the fields of the Levant are overrun with the amaryllis lutea, whose golden lilaceous flowers in autumn afford one of the most brilliant and gorgeous objects in nature, the expression of ‘Solomon in all his glory not being arrayed like one of these,' is peculiarly appropriate
Jubilee, the Year of - The land was not to be sown, nor the Vineyards and oliveyards dressed; and neither the spontaneous fruits of the soil nor the produce of the Vine and olive was to be gathered, but all was to be left for the poor, the slave, the stranger and the cattle
Hope, Hope - See Notes on Galatians by Hogg and Vine, pp
Intercession - Paul puts the need of Divine power first as ‘a condition of ability to apprehend “the whole range of the sphere in which the Divine wisdom and love find exercise” ’ (Chadwick, p. In 1 John (1 John 5:14) intercession is regarded as the expression of perfect boldness in prayer which consciousness of a Divine life brings to believers: ‘The energy of Christian life is from the first social’ (Westcott, ad loc. He paints also in the Parable of the elm and the Vine (Sim. As the Vine seeks the support of the elm, let him help the poor man, who is rich in intercession, and gain the support of his prayers
Intercession - Paul puts the need of Divine power first as ‘a condition of ability to apprehend “the whole range of the sphere in which the Divine wisdom and love find exercise” ’ (Chadwick, p. In 1 John (1 John 5:14) intercession is regarded as the expression of perfect boldness in prayer which consciousness of a Divine life brings to believers: ‘The energy of Christian life is from the first social’ (Westcott, ad loc. He paints also in the Parable of the elm and the Vine (Sim. As the Vine seeks the support of the elm, let him help the poor man, who is rich in intercession, and gain the support of his prayers
Pray, Prayer - " * Agriculture - Figs and pomegranates were very plentiful (Numbers 13:23 ), and the Vine and the olive grew luxuriantly and produced abundant fruit (Deuteronomy 33:24 )
Backsliding - In instances of apostasy when one spurns the grace of God by renouncing the blessings of the covenant, there is no possibility of repentance for sin, only a divine sealing unto the day of judgment (Hebrews 6:4-6 ; 10:26-31 ). ...
Israel's backsliding was both a divine chastisement and a rebuke for sin (Jeremiah 2:19 ). Through divine cleansing Israel would once again become the people of God (Hosea 2:23 ). In the teachings of Christ and his apostles the people of God are exhorted to persevere in righteousness and holiness, so as not to fall under divine condemnation. Thus our Lord instructs: "I am the Vine; you are the branches
Fig (Tree) - Jotham his son was the Vine, Abimelech was the bramble. The lack of grapes on the Vines indicated a present need
Type - ...
(Consider also the various offerings, the tabernacle and its vessels, the smitten rock, cedar trees, Vine, etc
Light, Noun, And Verb, Lighten - " * Parable - Examples of this kind occur in the parable of the deceitful Vineyard, Isaiah 5:1-7 , and of the useless Vine, Ezekiel 15; Ezekiel 19:10-14 ; for under this imagery the ungrateful people of God are more than once described; Ezekiel 19:1-9 ; Ezekiel 31; Ezekiel 16; Ezekiel 23
Nonnus of Panopolis - The poem has been regarded "as an allegory of the march of civilization across the ancient world"; but it would be simpler, and we hope truer, to describe it as "the gradual establishment of the cultivation of the Vine and the power of the Wine-god
Nazirite - ’ In Leviticus 25:5; Leviticus 25:11 it is used of an undressed Vine, and in Jeremiah 7:29 it refers probably to unshorn hair, without implying the Nazirite vow. He was bound (1) to abstain from the use of wine, strong drink, and all products of the Vine ‘from the kernels even to the husk’ (Numbers 6:3-4); (2) to ‘let the locks of the hair of his head grow’ unshorn (Numbers 6:5); (3) to avoid contact with any dead body (Numbers 6:6-7). ...
In the ascetic abstinence from wine and the abhorrence of everything connected with the Vine, we find probably the remnant of a protest on the part of those who regarded themselves as true Jews against the adoption by Israel of Canaanitish culture
Nazirite - ’ In Leviticus 25:5; Leviticus 25:11 it is used of an undressed Vine, and in Jeremiah 7:29 it refers probably to unshorn hair, without implying the Nazirite vow. He was bound (1) to abstain from the use of wine, strong drink, and all products of the Vine ‘from the kernels even to the husk’ (Numbers 6:3-4); (2) to ‘let the locks of the hair of his head grow’ unshorn (Numbers 6:5); (3) to avoid contact with any dead body (Numbers 6:6-7). ...
In the ascetic abstinence from wine and the abhorrence of everything connected with the Vine, we find probably the remnant of a protest on the part of those who regarded themselves as true Jews against the adoption by Israel of Canaanitish culture
Love - It was an exercise of the Divine will in deliberate choice, made without assignable cause save that which lies in the nature of God Himself, Cp. " * Passover - Those who were to partake having performed the required purification and being assembled at the table, the master of the feast took a cup of unfermented wine, and blessed God for the fruit of the Vine, of which all ten drank
Work, Wrought - 1, signifies "to work out, achieve, effect by toil," rendered "to work" (past tense, "wrought") in Romans 1:27 ; 2:9 , RV; 4:15 (the Law brings men under condemnation and so renders them subject to Divine wrath); 5:3; 7:8,13; 15:18; 2 Corinthians 4:17 ; 5:5 ; 7:10 (see No. " * Jeremiah, Theology of - The recital, alternately of God's actions and Israel's response, is capsulized in 2:21: "I had planted you like a choice Vine… How then did you turn against me into a corrupt, wild Vine?" God's salvific actions include the "exodus" (2:6; 7:22) and Israel's "entry into a fertile land" (2:7; 3:19; 7:7). God's judgment on the "corrupt, wild Vine" will include disintegration and dislocation. Covenant was a matter of divine initiative, not mutual negotiation. ...
Jeremiah, like other servants of God, was divinely called (1:4-10; cf
Propitiation - Man has forfeited his life on account of sin and God has provided the one and only way whereby eternal life could be bestowed, namely, by the voluntary laying down of His life by His Son, under Divine retribution. His "blood" stands for the voluntary giving up of His life, by the shedding of His blood in expiatory sacrifice, under Divine judgment righteously due to us as sinners, faith being the sole condition on man's part. " *
Truth - He is “the way, the truth, and the life” ( John 14:6 ); He is the true Light and the true Vine (John 1:9 ; John 15:1 )
Hosea - Israel was an empty Vine
Sow - 20:5 should be rendered: “It [3] is not a place of sowing [4] or figs or Vines or pomegranates, nor is there water to drink. 8:15: “And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your Vineyards. In other contexts the word represents an entire “crop or harvest”: “For the seed [7] shall be prosperous; the Vine shall give her fruit, and the ground shall give her increase, and the heavens shall give their dew …” ( Appear, Appearing - * Ezekiel - His comparison of Himself to the Vine in John 15:1 may have had in mind the parable of the Vine of Ezekiel 15:1 . The Glory Brings Divine Judgment on Israel
Child, Children - Children were regarded as Divine gifts ( Genesis 4:1 ; Genesis 33:5 ), pledges of God’s favour, the heritage of the Lord ( Psalms 127:3 ). The reward of a man who fears the Lord shall be a wife like a fruitful Vine, and children like olive branches round about his table ( Psalms 128:3 ). Irreverence on the part of children towards an older person is visited by a signal instance of Divine judgment ( 2 Kings 2:23-24 )
Earth, Land - “The Vine shall give her fruit, and the ground (ha'arets) shall give her increase” (Zechariah 8:12 )
Calendars - It reads:...
His two months are (olive) harvest, His two months are planting (grain), His two months are late planting; His month is hoeing up of flax, His month is harvest of barley, His month is harvest and feasting; His two months are Vine-tending, His month is summer fruit
Sanctification - "They shall revive (saith the Lord) as the corn, and grow as the Vine
Kingdom - " * Merciful, Mercy - "* Locust - These were no sooner hatched, in June, than each of the broods collected itself into a compact body of a furlong or more square, and marching afterwards in a direct line towards the sea, they let nothing escape them; eating up every thing that was green and juicy, not only the lesser kinds of vegetables, but the Vine likewise, the fig-tree, the pomegranate, the palm, and the apple-tree, even all the trees of the field, Joel 1:12 ; in doing which, kept their ranks like men of war, climbing over, as they advanced, every tree or wall that was in their way; nay, they entered into our very houses and bedchambers like thieves
Man - * Union - Those who were receptive above their fellows of the Divine influence were prophets (Deuteronomy 18:15, 1 Samuel 9:9). Paul says nothing of the manner of the union of the Divine and human natures in Christ, but accepts as assuredly true that He was God with us, and that the same Person who emptied Himself and took the form of a servant, also humbled Himself and became obedient even unto death, yea the death of the cross. That which was so effected was afterwards in many ways confirmed (John 6:68; John 20:22), and is described in the parable of the Vine and its Branches (ch. Maclaren, Holy of Holies; Illingworth, Divine Immanence
Love - God loves through believers, who act as channels for his love; they are branches who must abide in the Vine if they are to have that love (John 15:1-11 )
House (2) - Such a house will often have a hut of branches, or of Vine-covered trellis-work, on the roof (cf
Lord, Lordship - " * Palesti'na - The spring covers even those bald gray rocks with verdure and color, and fills the ravines with torrents of rushing water; but in summer and autumn the look of the country from Hebron up to Bethel is very dreary and desolate. Every hill and ravine is pierced with them, some very large and of curious formation--perhaps partly natural, partly artificial --others mere grottos. But, besides this, forests appear to have stood in many parts of Judea until the repeated invasions and sieges caused their fall; and all this vegetation must have reacted on the moisture of the climate, and, by preserving the water in many a ravine and natural reservoir where now it is rapidly dried by the fierce sun of the early summer, must have influenced materially the look and the resources of the country. Between the lake of Merom and the Sea or Galilee it contracts, and becomes more of an ordinary ravine or glen. From this we descend successively by the peaks of Bashan and upper Galilee, where the oak and pine flourish, to the hills of Judah and Samaria, where the Vine and fig tree are at home, to the plains of the seaboard where the palm and banana produce their fruit down to the sultry shores of the Sea, on which we find tropical heat and tropical vegetation. Of planted trees large shrubs the first in importance is the Vine, which is most abundantly cultivated all over the country, and produces, as in the time of the Canaanites, enormous bunches of grapes. Next to the Vine, or even in some respects its superior in importance, ranks the olive, which nowhere grows in greater luxuriance and abundance than in Palestine, where the olive orchards form a prominent feature throughout the landscape, and have done so from time immemorial
Economic Life - ...
Local Village Economy Agriculture in ancient Palestine took three basic forms: grain production (barley and wheat), cultivation of Vines and fruit trees, and the care of oleaginous plants (olive, date, sesame) from which oil was extracted for cooking, lighting, and personal care uses. Most of the energies of the village population were taken up with plowing fields (1 Kings 19:19 ) and the construction and maintenance of the hillside terraces where Vineyards (Isaiah 5:1-6 ; Mark 12:1 ) and grain were planted. ...
The ideal situation for every rural Israelite was to spend his days “under his Vine and under his fig tree” (1 Kings 4:25 ). The tradition was so strong that Naboth could refuse King Ahab's request to purchase his Vineyard saying he could not give him “the inheritance of my fathers” (1 Kings 21:3 ). Each field owner was required to leave a portion of the grain unharvested and some grapes on the Vine (Leviticus 19:9-10 )
Agriculture - God is the Husbandman; Israel is His Vineyard (Isaiah 5:1 ff. ), the lord of the Vineyard going out early in the morning to hire labourers (Matthew 20:1 ff. His relation to His disciples is expressed under the figure of the Vine and its branches (John 15:1 ff. The Golden Age will be a time when men ‘shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks,’ and ‘they shall sit every man under his Vine and under his fig-tree’ (Isaiah 2:4, Micah 4:3-4)
Fall, Fallen, Falling, Fell - " * Acceptance - With 2 Corinthians 11:4 on the non-acceptance of another gospel than that of Paul, compare 1 Timothy 1:3; 1 Timothy 4:1, 2 Timothy 1:10; 2 Timothy 4:10; see also for the ‘accepted time’ (the day of opportunity for accepting the Divine message) 2 Corinthians 6:1-2 (cf. Paul, more or less implicitly elsewhere), is of God, and not of man; not our own doings, but willingness to accept what He has done for us, and what He is ready to do in us, is the condition of initial inclusion within the Kingdom of Divine love and life. By that act of faith, in virtue of which the sinner ‘accepts’ Christ and appropriates all that He is and has done, he passes from a state of condemnation into a state of grace (Romans 8:1), and is henceforth ‘in Christ’-organically united to Him as the member is to the body (1 Corinthians 12:12 f), as the branch is to the Vine (John 15:1-4)
Lord's Supper - The table was set out with the Passover lamb, unleavened bread, bitter herbs, and a sauce of dates, figs, raisins, and Vinegar (charoseth ), symbolizing their service in mortar in Egypt. These usages explain Luke 22:17-18; "He took the cup and gave thanks and said, cf6 Take this, and divide it among yourselves; for I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the Vine, until the kingdom of God shall come
Agriculture - God claimed the lordship of the soil (Leviticus 25:23), so that each held by a divine tenure; subject to the tithe, a quit rent to the theocratic head landlord, also subject to the sabbatical year. The Vine, olive, and fig abounded; and traces everywhere remain of former wine and olive presses
Agriculture - ...
Of the wide range of topics embraced by agriculture in the wider significance of the term, some of the more important will be treated in separate articles, such as Cart, Flax, Food, Garden, Olive, Ox, Thorns, Vine, etc. Gardens, Vineyards ( Isaiah 5:6 RV Discipleship - Christ always followed the Divine method; and, accordingly, while He made disciples, and trained them in discipleship, He hardly made any attempt to define or describe what this involves; nor did He give much instruction which represented with any directness the ideal that He had in view. ) are, under one aspect, all so many facets of discipleship; metaphors like ‘the salt of the earth,’ the ‘light of the world’ (Matthew 5:13-14), ‘a little flock’ (Luke 12:32), ‘the branches of the Vine’ (John 15:5), ‘every plant which my heavenly Father hath not planted’ (Matthew 15:13), and many another, including those developed into parables,—all sketch some features of discipleship, as do such sayings as that one must be reborn, and much of the teaching concerning the Kingdom. ’ The third is the pledge that none shall ever be left to face the stress of life’s probation alone, but that for every disciple union with Christ is a support which may be securely trusted, the Divine Incarnation working itself out for ever till the goal shall be reached, when ‘God shall be all, in all’ (1 Corinthians 15:28)
Drunkenness - ’ Yet even Omar Khayyam, after all his praise of the Vine, is obliged to confess that he has ‘drowned his glory in a shallow cup’; and, in the light of Christianity, drunkenness stands condemned as a sin against the body which is a ‘member of Christ. That enthusiasm is the gift of the Divine Spirit
Armies - Those who had planted a כרס , that is, an olive or Vine garden, and had not as yet tasted the fruit of it; an exemption, consequently, which extended through the first five years after such planting
Parable - Three are in the Synoptic Gospels, namely, the accounts of the Sower (Mark 4:3-9; Mark 4:14-20, Matthew 13:3-9; Matthew 13:18-23, Luke 8:5-8; Luke 8:11-15), of the Wicked Husbandmen (Mark 12:1-12, Matthew 21:33-46, Luke 20:9-19), and of the Tares (Matthew 13:24-30; Matthew 13:36-43): and two are from the Fourth Gospel, the Door of the Sheepfold (John 10:1-16), and the Vine and the Branches (John 15:1-8). 15 is of exactly the same type; parallel to ‘I am the good shepherd’ we there have ‘I am the true Vine
John, the Gospel of - ...
The Gospel of John draws a portrait of Jesus as the divine Logos, the Christ, the Son of God. They live in community as His sheep (John 10:1 ), the branches of the true Vine (John 15:1 )
Church - Also called Christ's "flock," never to be plucked out of His hand (John 10:28), "branches" in Him "the true Vine
Hopefulness - Our duty is to study the NT, and especially the Gospels, with the view of discovering what is there revealed as to the true nature of this act of Divine condescension. And thinking of the loved ones to whom His parting would be so bitter a trial, He prays for the realization of the hope that they might ultimately be granted the beatific vision, beholding Him in His glory (John 16:24); then would He drink with them the fruit of the Vine new in His Father’s kingdom (Matthew 26:29)
Domitian - 92) there was a good Vine crop but a bad cereal crop. Domitian in consequence ordered that no new Vineyards should be laid out in Italy and that the Vines of the provinces should be reduced to one half their former number
Temple - He also furnished the design, plan, and location of the building; in all which he was divinely instructed. This second temple, though inferior in many respects to the first—having no ark, no mercy-seat, no visible revelation of the divine glory, no sacred fire, no Urim and Thummim, and no spirit of prophecy, Ezra 3:12-13—still was in breadth and height, in almost every dimension, one-third larger than Solomon's. Over it hung the golden Vine, supported, probably, by nails
Judgment - The following are the prophecies to which they appeal:— Isaiah 34:4 , where the destruction of Idumea is foretold under the figures of dissolving the host of heaven, and of rolling the heaven together as a scroll, and of the falling down of all their host as the leaf falleth off from the Vine. " These two events are inseparably linked together in the divine decree, and they reciprocally reflect importance on each other
Peraea - Still he admits that it is in parts very fertile, and produces all kinds of fruits, and its plains are planted with various trees, chiefly the olive, the Vine, and the palm
Purity (2) - Luke 17:17, Mark 1:41); and of the Vine in a figure where more is symbolized by the want of physical vigour (John 15:2). ’...
It is in the fullest accordance with Christ’s habitual standpoint and with His teaching elsewhere that He adopted baptism, which had long been a symbolic and ceremonial rite of purification in Judaism, as a fundamental ordinance for His followers: but it is equally in character with His mind and teaching that in the place of its old negative significance He gave it a new and positive meaning, by making it baptism into the Divine Name He had revealed, and into the practical observance of His commands, and the enduring possession of His Spirit (Matthew 28:19-20)
Union With Christ - This is not a mysticism of absorption, the losing of human identity in the divine, but rather an intimate communion with God through Christ. ...
Union with Christ is the result of an act of divine grace, the baptism of the Holy Spirit. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the Vine. "...
Union with Christ is the result of an act of divine grace, the baptism of the Holy Spirit. A variety of biblical metaphors describe this union: Vine and branches (John 15:1-6 ); head and body (Ephesians 1:22-23 ; 4:15-16 ; 5:23 ); marital relation of Christ and the church (Ephesians 5:23-32 ). Paul viewed communion with God as an act of divine grace, coming not by any spiritual exercises, but by God's self-revelation (Galatians 1:16 ). Neither does being "in Christ" involve the loss of individuality, nor the absorption of the individual into the divine Spirit (Romans 8:14,16 ; Galatians 2:20 ), but the heightening of individual qualities and characteristics
Baruch, Apocalypse of - Vision of the cedar and the Vine. ...
The cedar is the Roman Empire, the Vine is Messiah (xxxix
Will - "In his primitive condition as he came out of the hands of his Creator, man was endowed with such a portion of knowledge, holiness, and power, as enabled him to understand, esteem, consider, will, and to perform the true good, according to the commandment delivered to him: yet none of these acts could he do, except through the assistance of divine grace. When he is made a partaker of this regeneration, or renovation, since he is delivered from sin, he is capable of thinking, willing, and doing that which is good, but yet not without the continued aids of divine grace. " The necessity of divine grace to strengthen and regulate our wills, and to cooperate with our endeavours after righteousness, is clearly asserted in the New Testament: "They that are in the flesh cannot please God," Romans 8:8 . As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the Vine, no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the Vine, and ye are the branches: he that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit; for without me ye can do nothing," John 15:4-5 . Nicholls, after quoting many authorities to show that the doctrine of divine grace always prevailed in the catholic church, adds, "I have spent, perhaps, more time in these testimonies than was absolutely necessary; but whatever I have done is to show that the doctrine of divine grace is so essential a doctrine of Christianity, that not only the Holy Scriptures and the primitive fathers assert it, but likewise that the Christians could not in any age maintain their religion without it,—it being necessary, not only for the discharge of Christian duties, but for the performance of our ordinary devotions. This assistance of divine grace is not inconsistent with the free agency of men: it does not place them under an irresistible restraint, or compel them to act contrary to their will. It is, however, impossible to ascertain the precise boundary between our natural efforts and the divine assistance, whether that assistance be considered as a cooperating or a prevenient grace. This doctrine has, however, been the subject of much dispute among Christians: some sects contend for the irresistible impulses of grace, and others reject the idea of any influence of the divine Spirit upon the human mind. " And Jortin remarks: "Thus do the doctrine of divine grace and the doctrine of free will or human liberty unite and conspire, in a friendly manner, to our everlasting good. But this furnishes no clue whatever to a knowledge of the real constitution of his nature, or of the manner in which his divine attributes exist together. And he who should hope from such doubtful support as his fancied insight into the unknown operations of the divine mind to suspend a system of irrespective decrees, embracing the moral government of the world, would but too much resemble him who should imagine the material globe adequately sustained if upheld by a chain whose highest links were wrapped in clouds and darkness. For it shows us that as, on the one side, we cannot pretend to such an insight into the nature and character of the divine knowledge as to deduce therefrom a system of eternal and irrespective decrees; so neither, on the other, can this system of moral government be ascribed to the Deity, because it would be manifestly unworthy, not merely of him who has created all moral excellence, but of any of those beings on whom he has conferred the most ordinary degrees of mercy and justice
Samson - As soon as a vow was taken, the life of the votary became a continuous act of religion; particularly must the body, which nourishes the hair (now the property of the deity), be kept clean from all defilement; the taboo of the Vine and its products is esp
Inn - ...
In this connexion it is interesting to note that the Talmud has the following passage: ‘In the time of the Messiah the people will be impudent, and be given to drinking; public-houses will flourish, and the Vine will be dear’ (Sota, quoted in M‘Clintock and Strong’s Cyc
Money - It is said to have been stamped with a harp on one side, and a Vine on the other
Shepherds - ...
"O that your birth and business had been mine, To feed the flock and prune the spreading Vine!" WHARTON
Law - Law, therefore, has nothing to say against the fruit of the Spirit; hence the believer is not only not under law, Galatians 5:18 , the law finds no scope in his life, inasmuch as, and in so far as, he is led by the Spirit;" * Oracle - They also contained all the intimations of the divine mind which he was pleased to communicate by means of the succeeding prophets who prophesied beforehand of the coming and of the sufferings of the Messiah with the glory that should follow. The hundred and nineteenth Psalm abounds with praises of the lively oracles, the word of the living God; it abounds with the warmest expressions of love to it, of delight in it, and the most fervent petitions for divine illumination in the knowledge of it. Mankind have had always a propensity to explore futurity; and conceiving that future events were known to their gods, who possessed the gift of prophecy, they sought information and advice from the oracles, which, in their opinion, were supernatural and divine communications. The god, as Macrobius tells the story, ordered a Vine, which was among the offerings of his temple, to be divided into pieces, and brought to Trajan. The event justified the oracle; for the emperor dying in that war, his bones were carried to Rome, which had been represented by that broken Vine. " With respect to the origin of oracles, they were probably imitations, first, of the answers given to the holy patriarchs from the divine presence or Shechinah, and secondly, of the responses to the Jewish high priest from the mercy seat: for all Paganism is a parody of the true religion
Feasts - ...
Solomon (appropriately to his name, which means king of peace) also did so, for his reign was preeminently the period of peaceful possession when every man dwelt under his own Vine and figtree (1 Kings 4:25); immediately after that the last relic of wilderness life was abolished by the ark being taken from under curtains and deposited in the magnificent temple of stone in the seventh month (2 Chronicles 5:3), the feast of tabernacles was celebrated on the 15th day, and on the 23rd Solomon sent the great congregation away glad in heart for the goodness that the Lord had showed unto David, Solomon, and Israel His people
Work - The word signifies the production of branches, too: “It was planted in a good soil by great waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that it might be a goodly Vine” (
John, Theology of - He is not a prophet representing God, but in fact bears divine authority itself. In passages such as the Sabbath debate of John 5 , Jesus assumes divine prerogatives in his argument ("if my Father is working, so may I"). Those who truly know Jesus and embrace him by faith are offered divine gifts. Jesus is the Vine and these are his branches (chap. John stresses how the believer must abide in Christ as a branch abides in the Vine (15:1-11)
Hermas Shepherd of - 181), while Origen in the passage above referred to speaks of it as a very useful, and, as he thinks, Divinely-inspired writing. In the eleventh striking descriptions are given of the false prophet, who absents himself from the Christian assembly, and is consulted as a soothsayer by men in corners, and of the true prophet upon whom the Divine afflatus comes in the course of the Church’s worship. In the second the duty of the rich to give to the poor is illustrated by the figure of an elm and a Vine. The former, though Fruitless, supports the fruitful Vine. The fifth Parable presents the story of a Vineyard, a master, and a faithful servant, the exposition of which reveals an early belief in the doctrine of works of supererogation, and an Adoptianist conception of the personality of the Son of Cod (see below). ‘When then the man who hath the divine Spirit cometh into an assembly (συναγωγή) of righteous men, who have faith in a divine Spirit, and intercession is made to God by the gathering of those men, then the angel of the prophetic spirit who is attached to him, filleth the man, and the man, being filled with the Holy Spirit, speaketh to the multitude, according as the Lord willeth’ (Mand. In the Parable of the Vineyard (the fifth) the Son of God is represented as a slave placed in charge, with a promise of freedom if he fulfils his allotted duty. He does so much more than is expected of him that the Divine master of the Vineyard resolves that he shall be made joint-heir with His Son, who is represented as the Holy Spirit
John, the Gospel by - ...
John 2 gives a type of millennial blessing in the marriage feast (Jesus being the source of the 'good wine' — the best joy — when the wine of Israel had run out), and His divine right in cleansing the temple would be proved by His power in raising the temple of His body, by which, for the time, the material temple was set aside. He was Himself the way, the truth, and the life — the revealer of and way to the Father — a divine Person, who could say, "I am in the Father and the Father in me. The Lord in this chapter shows how He had taken the place of the Vine, which Israel had been set to be by Jehovah (Psalm 80 ; Isaiah 5 . The Lord was the true Vine, and no fruit could be borne but as abiding in Him: as He said, "Without me ye can do nothing. ...
It is not surprising that a book, in which the divine glory of the Son of God is especially unfolded, should be concluded by the surmise of the apostle, that the world itself could not contain all that might be written of His doings
the Unprofitable Servant - One day, so Hermas tells us in his ancient history, when this servant was commanded by his master to run a paling round a Vineyard, he not only ran the paling round the Vineyard, but he dug a ditch also round the same Vineyard, and then he gathered the stones and the thorns out of it; and such things he did always, till, when Bartholomew became a disciple, he left one whole farm, with its full plenishing on it, as a bequest to this ploughman as if he had been his own son and his true heir. Christ sets every minister before this ministerial looking-glass, in order that in it he may see what manner of minister he now is, and may forecast what his place is likely to be when his Master sets His supper, and Himself serves it, for all His ploughmen and for all His Vine-dressers
Lord's Supper, the - eucharistein/eulogein) and the Eucharistic Assembly (synaxis); from its Jewish-Christian origins, it is the Breaking of Bread and the Memorial of the Lord's passion and resurrection; in patristic development, it is the Holy Sacrifice because it mysteriously makes present the one, unique sacrifice of Christ and includes the church's offering; also it is the Holy and Divine Liturgy because the whole worship of the church finds its center in the celebration of this Sacred Mystery. The Vine with its wine (15:1-8) points to Christ and his blood
Impotence - ...
The features of the healing are: (1) The Divine compassion expressed in our Lord’s laying His hand upon the woman as He spoke the word of hope and deliverance; (2) His profound sense that this suffering and weakness, this crouching spirit, were completely foreign to the will of God (Hebrews 7:16); and (3) His stedfast refusal to allow any pedantic Sabbath rules to stand in the way of His relief of suffering humanity. Local relations: (a) ‘in,’ ‘at,’ or ‘on,’ of simple locality (Matthew 2:1 ‘in Bethlehem,’ Matthew 24:40 ‘in the field,’ John 4:20 ‘in this mountain’); (b) that with which one is covered or clothed (Mark 12:38 ‘walk in long robes,’ Matthew 7:15 ‘in sheep’s clothing,’ Matthew 11:21 ‘repented in sackcloth and ashes,’ John 20:12 ‘two angels in white’); (c) direct cohesion (John 15:4 ‘except it abide in the Vine’); (d) position in a writing or book (Matthew 21:42 ‘in the scriptures,’ Mark 1:2 ‘in Isaiah,’ Luke 20:42 ‘in the book of Psalms’). Or, again, the phrase ἐν θεῷ (1 Thessalonians 1:1, Colossians 3:3; Acts 17:28 ‘In him we live and move and have our being’) expresses the thought that God is the element in which we live, implying the local conception of a Divine περιχώρησις. Paul’s favourite phrase; and he believes that if we keep in mind the equation Χριστός = πνεῦμα, Christ the everliving Divine Spirit, the conception of real locality will not appear improbable. The life Divine incorporates itself in the Christian; the Spirit of Christ or of God takes the place of the human spirit, and is individualized in the life of
Laughter - 3), of the Vine with ten thousand stems
Arts - ...
Specialized forms of agriculture, relating to the Vine, the olive, and the fig, are less frequently alluded to (James 3:12; cf
New Jerusalem - And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant Vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fade away, as the leaf fadeth from off the Vine, and as a fading leaf from the fig tree’; and finally in Revelation 22:1-5 f. 5: ‘The earth also shall yield its fruit ten thousandfold and on each Vine there shall be a thousand branches, and each branch will produce a thousand clusters, and each cluster will produce a thousand grapes, and each grape will produce a cor of wine. ’ The spiritual change too in the members of the Kingdom seems to be wrought in a mechanical fashion, for sin disappears suddenly rather by Divine fiat than by any gradual process, in striking contrast to what we saw in Jubilees, Isaiah, and The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. No need in such a place for any created light, since the Divine presence is there illuminating all; its sun is the glory of the Father, and its lamp the glorified Son
Poet - His images of single trees,—the Vine, the fig, and the olive,—with their roots, branches, leaves, all seen as it were in detail, will occur to every reader (Matthew 12:33 etc. How subtle, for example, is the imaginative insight that first described ‘the branch abiding in the Vine’ (John 15:4)! Again, who but the rarest of poets would have imagined the birds sowing, reaping, and gathering into barns (Matthew 6:26), or have separated in thought the idea of the lily and its robes, the-flower ‘clothing itself according to its nature,’ or rather ‘God clothing the grass of the field (Matthew 6:30)’? In reference to this nature-work, Dr
Infancy - ...
Suggestions, also, which see in the ‘Repose in Egypt,’ as it used to be called, only a typical indication of Jesus as the Vine of Israel ‘brought out of Egypt’ (art
Joy (2) - Joy, says our Lord, in the two former cases, fills all heaven, even increasing the gladness of the angels in sympathy with their King; while the exuberant picture of the joy of the household at the prodigal’s return gives a still more tender and touching picture of the Divine Fatherhood. The clear declaration of His commandments is to effect the purpose of their partaking in His own joy of obedience, and to secure the permanence and completeness of their own glad following of the Divine will (John 15:11). ‘I will not,’ He continues, ‘drink from henceforth of the fruit of the Vine until the kingdom of God shall come,’ or, as Mt
Brotherhood (2) - A vital union is established between them and Him, the significance of which is indicated by the figure of the Vine and the branches (John 15:1-8). Thus they become partakers of the Divine nature (2 Peter 1:4), children or sons of God τέκνα, υἱοί, 1 John 3:16, Romans 8:14; Romans 8:16; Romans 8:21, Galatians 3:26; Galatians 4:7), endowed with a deathless life (Galatians 3:26, John 10:28), and Christ becomes the firstborn among many brethren (Romans 8:29)
Paraclete - , for the sacrifice by which the Divine forgiveness was secured for Israel. -The idea that man requires a paraclete was associated first of all with the thought of the Divine decree by which the status and destiny of human beings are fixed, and it is in this reference that St. As the vocation to a divine life puts an end to walking in darkness, believers separate themselves from sin by sincere and penitent confession. Even when the Christian sins, however, Christ maintains fellowship with him, and brings him within the scope of the Divine grape. In that passage, accordingly, Christ is called a Paraclete because He obtains Divine pardon for those who have trespassed. Abstractly, it is not impossible that the Spirit Himself is here called the Paraclete because He too keeps the disciples within the Divine grape through which they are forgiven; here, in point of fact, the term applies to Jesus no less than to the Spirit, for the latter is called ‘another Paraclete’; and thus the intercessory function of the Spirit on behalf of the disciples is conjoined with that exercised by Jesus until His departure. He remains in them, and they remain in Him, and they are thus encompassed by the Divine love. As branches in the true Vine they have now the power, as they have also the duty, of bringing forth fruit. It is true that even in the earliest stages of Christianity, as elsewhere, the Spirit was spoken of as possessing the quality of Deity; in knowledge, in will, in work, He has part in the creative glory of the Divine power. But the fact that the Spirit now came to be conceived as the Paraclete of the disciples provided a peculiarly cogent reason why He should be thought of, not as a mere property of man’s inner life, or as a force that enters into man, but as fully possessed of the Divine power which, coming from above, encompasses man, and so animates all things from within. For the prerogative of Jesus and His disciples was made manifest only when it was proved to be Divine. The disciples cannot demonstrate the Divine status of Jesus by appealing to what they are in themselves. It is the truth alone which can demonstrate the Divine right of Jesus, of His disciples, and of His Church
Egypt - The date-tree and Vine are frequent
Paraclete - , for the sacrifice by which the Divine forgiveness was secured for Israel. -The idea that man requires a paraclete was associated first of all with the thought of the Divine decree by which the status and destiny of human beings are fixed, and it is in this reference that St. As the vocation to a divine life puts an end to walking in darkness, believers separate themselves from sin by sincere and penitent confession. Even when the Christian sins, however, Christ maintains fellowship with him, and brings him within the scope of the Divine grape. In that passage, accordingly, Christ is called a Paraclete because He obtains Divine pardon for those who have trespassed. Abstractly, it is not impossible that the Spirit Himself is here called the Paraclete because He too keeps the disciples within the Divine grape through which they are forgiven; here, in point of fact, the term applies to Jesus no less than to the Spirit, for the latter is called ‘another Paraclete’; and thus the intercessory function of the Spirit on behalf of the disciples is conjoined with that exercised by Jesus until His departure. He remains in them, and they remain in Him, and they are thus encompassed by the Divine love. As branches in the true Vine they have now the power, as they have also the duty, of bringing forth fruit. It is true that even in the earliest stages of Christianity, as elsewhere, the Spirit was spoken of as possessing the quality of Deity; in knowledge, in will, in work, He has part in the creative glory of the Divine power. But the fact that the Spirit now came to be conceived as the Paraclete of the disciples provided a peculiarly cogent reason why He should be thought of, not as a mere property of man’s inner life, or as a force that enters into man, but as fully possessed of the Divine power which, coming from above, encompasses man, and so animates all things from within. For the prerogative of Jesus and His disciples was made manifest only when it was proved to be Divine. The disciples cannot demonstrate the Divine status of Jesus by appealing to what they are in themselves. It is the truth alone which can demonstrate the Divine right of Jesus, of His disciples, and of His Church
Meals - Although wine was served in the first part of the banquet as well, it was at this second stage that the ‘fruit of the Vine’ was chiefly enjoyed
Eternal Punishment - , the notions of succession and duration are eliminated, and ‘eternal’ becomes almost synonymous with ‘Divine. It is the unfruitful branch of the Vine that is cast forth, withered, gathered, cast into the fire, burned (John 15:6). The final condition of hopeless doom, the state of ‘eternal sin,’ is the direct result of self-willed, deliberate resistance to the Divine grace (Mark 3:29; see Eternal Sin). Life is of God, essentially Divine; punishment is from God, a Divine act
Body (2) - And when this work was accomplished, He parted from them for the last time, and went up to the right hand of the Father in a kind of royal state which not only proclaimed His own lordship over both worlds, but became a prophecy of the truth regarding the divinely appointed destiny of those whom He is not ashamed to call His brethren. The idea of this striking figure is similar to that presented by our Lord Himself in the allegory of the Vine and the Branches (John 15:1-8)
Fig-Tree - The ripening of the pag follows the ‘appearance of the flowers on the earth,’ and accompanies the ‘blossoming of the Vine’ as the feature of the advancing season and the time of mating (Ca 2:13). ...
This is the common prophetic doctrine of the Divine ἀνοχή, the present a time of suspension of the Divine sentence to leave opportunity for repentance
Zechariah, Prophecy of - A stone is laid before him, also typical of Christ with the full divine intelligence for government: cf. The iniquity of the land will be taken away in one day, and each shall repose under his own Vine and his own fig-tree. ...
Zechariah 4:1-3 present symbolically the divine light and order of the future kingdom
Entry Into Jerusalem - 32) speaks only of a colt, but, connecting the incident with Genesis 49:11, describes it as ‘tied to a Vine
Eternal Life (2) - That is, in these Divinely begotten children of God there abides the imperishable germ (σπέρμα) of life from above, the eternal kind of life which the twice born possess in common with the Father and the Son. While the essence of this Divine life consists in the knowledge of the only true God and His anointed Son, such knowledge is not the whole of eternal life, for other ideals with their additional content are also set before us in the teaching of Christ and of His Apostles. The life eternal into which the believer enters involves, as matter of course, all due allowance for Divinely appointed conditions, aids, provisions and means of nourishing the life itself; but to exalt these unduly is to divert the thought from the more central and profound mystic conception of Christ Himself as the life of the world. ’...
The exact meaning of the word ‘eternal,’ when used to qualify ‘the life,’ is best understood when the life is conceived as issuing from the eternal Father, and so partaking of His Divine nature (cf. As ‘the death’ is a condition of moral and spiritual destitution in which one has no fellowship with God, so ‘the life’ is the blessed experience of fellowship and union with Christ as vital as that of the branch and the Vine. It is eternal in quality as being a participation in the Divine nature of the Eternal One, and eternal in duration as continuing for ever and ever
Samson - She may not eat of anything that cometh of the Vine, neither let her drink wine nor strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe,' said the angel of the Lord a second time to Manoah. But we endure it all, looking on it all as but the rough sport of young giants, and we wait with hope for the day when they shall be found working painfully among those very cornfields and Vineyards over which they are now making their too destructive sport
Edom - Its fertility and early cultivation are implied not only in the blessings of Esau, whose dwelling was to be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above; but also in the condition proposed by Moses to the Edomites, when he solicited a passage for the Israelites through their borders, that "they would not pass through the fields nor through the Vine-yards;" and also in the great wealth, especially in the multitudes of flocks and herds, recorded as possessed by an individual inhabitant of that country, at a period, in all probability even more remote, Genesis 27:39 ; Numbers 20:17 ; Job 42:12
Temple - ...
After the Lord had instructed David that Jerusalem was the place he had chosen in which to fix his dwelling, that pious prince began to realize his design of preparing a temple for the Lord that might be something appropriate to His divine majesty. The plan and the whole model of this structure was laid by the same divine architect as that of the tabernacle, namely, God himself; and it was built much in the same form as the tabernacle, but was of much larger dimensions. It wanted the five principal things which could invest it with this: namely, the ark and mercy seat, the divine presence or visible glory, the holy fire on the altar, the urim and thummin, and the Spirit of prophecy. Thus it continued for three years, when it was repaired and purified by Judas Maccabaeus, who restored the divine worship, and dedicated it anew. Although this temple was fit for divine service in nine years and a half, yet a great number of laborers and artificers were still employed in carrying on the outbuildings all the time of our Savior's abode on earth. " See a description of the ornaments of one of its gates under Vine
Passover (i.) - ...
A cup of red wine, mixed with water, was poured out for each guest, not by the host but by a servant, for all things were on this night to be done with distinction; and over it the following blessing was spoken:...
‘Blessed art Thou, Jehovah our God, who hast created the fruit of the Vine. , with Vinegar, which was held to represent the mortar of Egypt, and salt water
Political Conditions - At the same time the produce of the field was valued, and made chargeable to the extent of one-tenth in the case of corn and two-tenths in that of fruit and Vine
Ham - But we have Noah's name now open before us; it was he who first planted a Vineyard and manufactured its grapes into intoxicating drink. And it is surely significant, with an immense and an eloquent significance, that the Bible tells us that the first Vine-dresser at his first vintage was found in a state such as Ham and Shem and Japheth found their father
Mission - Instead of considering Himself as being merely one among a number of Divine messengers, Jesus knew Himself to be the Messenger-Son (Mark 12:6-7). God had often been represented as the Father of the Chosen People, and here and there individuals had thought themselves to be sons of God; but in the teachings of Jesus the Divine Fatherhood is asserted and illustrated so copiously, that some chapters of the Gospels consist almost solely of variations to the music of these good tidings (Matthew 5, 6, 7). Not merely does a veil fall from before the Divine character; for Jesus, standing where the veil had stood, manifests the eternal righteousness and pitying love that cannot be content unless men are rescued from unrighteousness and wrath. He encouraged men to hope that His experience of pleasing the Father (Luke 10:33-355) might become theirs, seeing that they could become as intimately related to Him as the branches are related to the Vine (John 15:1-8). Moreover it is clearly declared that strangers will become workers in the Vineyard (Matthew 21:41), and that before His throne all nations are to be assembled for judgment (Matthew 25:31-32). The deeds were signs (σημεῖα) that the Divine messenger could quicken body and soul (Mark 5:41-42, 1618544272_54 John 11:25; John 11:43-44); cure physical and spiritual diseases; render efficient withered powers (Mark 3:1-5, John 5:5-9); add faculties, contrary to what might be expected, as in the case of the man born blind (John 9); redress evils caused by circumstances—for instance the fever due to the Capernaum district—(Matthew 11:28,); cleanse all the fountains of life, as in cures wrought for lepers (Mark 1:40-42, John 3:16); bestow abilities, receptive (Mark 8:22-25) and communicative (Matthew 9:32-33)
Kingdom of God - Matthew 4:17 ; Luke 4:42-43 ); the prayer Jesus taught his disciples, "your kingdom come" (Matthew 6:10 ); in the Beatitudes, "for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" (Matthew 5:3,10 ); at the Last Supper, "I will not drink again of the fruit of the Vine until that day when I drink it anew in the kingdom of God" (Mark 14:25 ); and in many of Jesus' parables (Matthew 13:24,44 , 45,47 ; Mark 4:26,30 ; Luke 19:11 )
Blessing (2) - God ‘blesses’ man and his world by His ever active, beneficent Providence; man ‘blesses’ God by thankful recognition of this, and by pure acts of praise; man ‘blesses’ man by invoking the Divine favour for his fellows’ benefit (cf. Psalms 129:8); and even when material things are the objects of blessing, this finds its proper expression in an act of thanksgiving to the Divine Giver. The fundamental idea of goodwill is worked out into an invocation of the Divine favour and providence, and consequent prosperity, on the recipient. ’ The corresponding one said before drinking wine is: ‘Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who createst the fruit of the Vine’ (cf
Worship - ’** In one form or another they passed into the later offices, beginning with vigil services, then morning services, which combined to make what was known in later days as the Divine Office. First, for the cup: We give thanks to thee, our Father, for the holy Vine of thy servant David, which thou hast shown us through thy servant Jesus. ...
This thought leads straight up into the high region of speculation entered by Freeman when he traces back the ultimate principle of the Eucharist and of the Divine Office to the fundamental doctrines of the Incarnation and the Perpetual Priesthood of Christ. ’...
The Divine Office of a later age, which traces its roots to the simple congregational meetings for edification, allied, as we have seen, to the Synagogue services, is based on the thought of the Perpetual Priesthood of Christ. Freeman, The Principles of Divine Service, Oxford
Unity (2) - His example suggests no extremity of circumstance under which separation from the Divine Society becomes the course of duty. It is presented under similes which convey the idea of unity: it is one building on one foundation (Matthew 16:18), one enclosed Vineyard (Matthew 20:1-11), one shoal taken in a single net (Matthew 13:47-48), one company of watchers (Matthew 25:1-13), or of guests at one feast (Luke 14:7-24); it is a perfect century of sheep, a complete sum of money, and the breaking of its completeness is intolerable (Luke 15:4; Luk_15:8). This transfusion of life is effected by the mission of the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost mediated by Christ in His heavenly intercession (John 14:16-19), and results in a vital unity of Christ with the recipients of the Paraclete; which is comparable to that of a single organism (the True Vine, John 15:1-8) in which the individual inheres by the fact of his inherence in Christ (John 15:6-7). It shows a threefold unity of the Church:—(1) An objective unity of origin and of vital relation of its constituent elements, which (like the racial unity of blood) is constituted by the Divine act and exists antecedently to any action, for it or against it, of ours; to which we may do violence, but which we cannot abrogate; and which is the Church’s spiritual oneness. (2) A social unity, the result and therefore the manifestation of this common Divine life, which is related to the life communicated in the Holy Spirit as the physical organism of the individual is to the personal life which co-ordinates that of its component cells, one body for one spirit; which (being body) may be wounded, but only with suffering and to its hurt and weakening. (3) A unity of temper and intention, of consent in belief and thought, which it rests with us to supply; which is the co-operation with the Divine action that is required of us,—obedience to the law of the nature of the Body of Christ in which we find ourselves—the bond of peace in which we are to observe (τηρεῖν) the unity of the Spirit (Ephesians 4:3)
Parable - Without requiring any fictitious ‘licence,’ the parable simply assumes that the Divine working in each sphere follows the same law. In John 10:1-8 ; John 15:1-7 , there is no independent introductory narrative dealing with shepherd life and the care of the Vineyard. It is nevertheless a parable, though ‘the Door’ and ‘the Vine’ are usually called emblems or symbols of Christ. (5) The parable of office: The Husbandmen in the Vineyard ( Matthew 21:33-46 , Luke 12:42-46 ); names and claims in the Church that dispossess and dishonour Christ
Synagogue - In place of the priesthood, whose exclusive domain was the Temple with its sacrificial cult, a new class of men in the Exile voiced the needs of the people, accentuating the significance of prayer and song as the more spiritual elements of the Divine service, and at the same time appealed to the people, like the prophets of old, by words of warning and consolation, offering public instruction through the Word of God, whether spoken or read. taken to be the work of King Jehoiachin, who was said to have had the stones and the earth brought from Jerusalem; and it was claimed to be the seat of the Shekinah like the Temple of yore, the statue erected there (against the Jewish Law) being probably a Persian symbol of the Divine Presence (Meg. 136b); another one, probably after an engraved symbol, ‘the Synagogue of the Vine’ (Jer. -The Divine service assumed at the very outset a two-fold character: it was to offer common devotion and public instruction
Food - ...
With the fig Hebrew writers constantly associate the grape , the ‘fruit of the Vine’ ( Matthew 26:29 and parallels). By far the greater part of the produce of the Vineyards was used for the manufacture of wine (wh. ]'>[8]9 , indeed, it is coeval with the Divine permission to eat animal food ( Genesis 9:4 ). Under the simpler conditions of early times the exclusive source of supply was the householder’s own herd ( Genesis 18:7 ) or flock ( Genesis 27:9 ), his Vineyard and oliveyard or his ‘garden of herbs’ ( 1 Kings 21:2 )
Life - It either departed to the shadowy world of Sheol, or, according to the later view of Ecclesiastes, was reabsorbed (?) into the Divine Being,—‘returned to God who gave it’ (Ecclesiastes 12:7). The aim of Jesus is to bring His disciples even now into such a harmony with the Divine will that they may be children of their Father who is in heaven, resembling Him and holding real communion with Him. The Life which Christ communicates is the absolute, Divine Life. The difference between the human and the Divine Life is one of essence. The Divine life is regarded as a sort of higher substance inherent in the nature of God. He is like the Vine (John 15:1 ff. This doctrine of a mystical union with Christ in which He imparts His Divine life to the believer, contains the central and characteristic thought of the Fourth Gospel
Character - —...
‘If but the Vine- and Love-abjuring band...
Are in the Prophet’s Paradise to stand,...
Alack, I doubt the Prophet’s Paradise...
Were empty as the hollow of one’s hand’ (Omar). The essential fact of grace is illustrated in the teaching of Christ chiefly in the following doctrines—the Divine Fatherhood, the Divine Forgiveness, the Divine Indwelling, and the Divine Reappearing. ...
(1) The clear revelation of the Divine Fatherhood had this immense bearing on character, that it brought out the worth of the individual soul. It is enough for the purpose that Christ undoubtedly used the truth of the Divine Fatherhood as the chief motive to the new ethic. ...
This leads to the second characteristic of a life that acts on the teaching of the Divine Fatherhood—its religion will be in spirit and truth (Mark 2:5-12,). Religion is not a matter of external or traditional compulsion, but rests upon a gospel of Divine love (Matthew 11:28; Matthew 23:37, John 6:44-45). ...
And the bearing of the Divine Fatherhood on our relations to our fellows produces a wise tolerance. ...
(2) The gospel of Divine Forgiveness has had a distinctive and powerful effect upon the characters of those who have accepted it. ...
(3) The third illustration of grace through which the scattered forces of character can be regathered is the Divine Indwelling, which, although not made conspicuous in the Synoptists, is essential to the Christian conception of character. The character that has learned its worth from the Divine Fatherhood, and found its release in the Divine Forgiveness, gains its strength and means of independence from the Divine Indwelling. When room has been made for the Divine indwelling in immediate sequence to the Divine forgiveness, there may be an assurance that through grace and with much patience the fruits of Christian character will come (Mark 4:8; Mark 4:20; Mark 4:26-29). ’ From which it will be seen that there is no ordered system of ethics in the New Testament; but the sum and substance of it is that life is primarily to be the gradual demonstration of the Divine indwelling, that the world may see that Christians are alike possessed and controlled by a power and spirit not their own. the Divine Reappearing. ...
Finally, the hope of a Divine reappearing exercises its influence upon the common toil and appointed duty of every day. ...
The promise of the Divine Reappearing thus supplements, as it were, the promise of the Divine Indwelling; for whereas the latter brings out the need for the Christian’s faith in a power not his own, the former requires that he be faithful with the powers that are his own
Elisha - In a time of dearth (2 Kings 4:38), perhaps the same as that in 2 Kings 8:1-2, one of the sons of the prophets brought in a lap full of gourds or wild cucumbers, off a plant like a wild Vine, the only food to be had; the effect in eating was such that one exclaimed, "There is death in the pot. " The Lord will not allow Joram's perversity to stop the current of divine mercy. There Elisha anointed Jehu, by the hand of one of the children of the prophets, to take vengeance on Ahab's guilty seed, having been witness of that monarch's wicked seizure of Naboth's Vineyard and of Elijah's awful sentence on him (2 Kings 9:26)
Noah - " This account agrees with the Bible in making the flood a divine punishment for sin, and threatening the taking of life for life. The Bible narrative unites details scattered up and down in various traditions but nowhere else combined:...
(1) The divine warning in the Babylonian, Hindu, and Cherokee accounts. The flood rose by degrees, not displacing the soil, nor its vegetable tribes as the olive, nor rendering the ground unfit for cultivating the Vine
Man - But it may well have been quickened by current Hellenistic ideas of a Divine πνεῦμα (on which see H. Paul’s experience on the road to Damascus, by which he was convinced of the continued existence, the Divine authority, and the spiritual power of Christ. Paul gives no indication that actual sin is anything but what the OT religion made it-the rebellion of the human will against the Divine. Paul does not connect this universality of actual sin in the race, which has justified the Divine sentence of death upon it, with the initial sin of Adam, in such a way as to make them effect and cause. Adam’s sin was, indeed, fatal to man, since it brought the Divine penalty of death upon the race; but St. ...
(b) The spiritual transformation of individual men from lovers of darkness (John 3:19) to sons of light (John 12:36) is conceived both biologically as a new birth, and psychologically as a product of faith; no formal attempt is made to correlate these two ways of describing the change, or to solve the problem of the relation of Divine and human factors in conversion. John specializes the Pauline idea of a ‘new creation’ (2 Corinthians 5:17, Galatians 6:15) into that of a new birth (John 3:3), which springs from a Divine seed (1 John 3:9). ’ Such belief primarily concerns the Divine mission of Christ (John 12:44; John 17:8; John 17:21), knowledge of which is imparted through His ‘words’ (John 6:68), which are themselves Spirit and life (John 6:63). This eternal life is life like Christ’s (1 John 3:2), and is nourished by such a relation to Him as the allegory of the Vine (John 15) suggests
Palestine - " God's choice of it as peculiarly His own was its special glory (Psalms 132:13; Psalms 48:2; Jeremiah 3:19 margin "a good land, a land of brooks of water (wadies often now dry, but a few perennial), of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills (the deep blue pools, the sources of streams), a land of wheat, barley, Vines, figtrees, pomegranates, oil olive, honey (dibs , the syrup prepared from the grape lees, a common food now) . Lebanon, Antilebanon, and the Litany ravine at their feet form the northern bound. ...
The verdure and blaze of scarlet flowers which cover the highlands of Judah and Benjamin in spring, while streams pour down the ravines, give place to dreary barrenness in the summit. Rounded low hills, with coarse gray stone, clumps of oak bushes, and the remains of ancient terraces running round them, meet one on each side, or else the terraces are reconstructed and bear olives and figs, and Vineyards are surrounded by rough walls with watchtowers. , cover the ravines and slopes of the numerous swelling hills, and supply the timber carried to Tyre for export as fuel to the seacoast towns. The lower hills and southern part of the seacoast plain is the "shephelah "; the northern part Sharon; the Jordan valley Ηa-Αrabah ; the "ravines", "torrent beds", and "small valleys" ('eemeq , nachal , gay ) of the highlands are never confounded. The ravine from Olivet to Jericho affords an opportunity of examining the strata through which it cuts. Besides our English fruits, the apple, Vine, pear, apricot, plum, mulberry, and fig, there are dates, pomegranates, oranges, limes, banana, almond, prickly pear, and pistachio nut, etc
Canaan - " Judea is beautifully diversified with hills and plains— hills now barren and gloomy, but once cultivated to their summits, and smiling in the variety of their produce, chiefly the olive and the Vine; and plains, over which the Bedouin now roves to collect a scanty herbage for his cattle, but once yielding an abundance of which the inhabitants of a northern climate can form no idea. The limestone rocks and stony valleys of Judea were entirely covered with plantations of figs, Vines, and olive trees: not a single spot seemed to be neglected. '" An oriental's ideas of fertility differ, however, from ours; for to him, plantations of figs, Vines, and olives, with which the limestone rocks of Judea were once covered, would suggest the same associations of plenty and opulence that are called up in the mind of an Englishman by rich tracts of corn land. There is no reason to doubt, however, that corn and rice would be imported by the Tyrian merchants; which the Israelites would have no difficulty in exchanging for the produce of the olive ground and the Vineyard, or for their flocks and herds. The grand distinction of Canaan, however, is, that it was the only part of the earth made, by divine institution, a type of heaven
Omnipresence - Hence it was considered to be beneath the dignity of the Divine nature that God should be supposed to have direct contact with inert matter, or immediate intercourse with sinful men; and under the influence of this belief God was gradually pushed further away from His world. Knowing as we do that this was the trend of Jewish thought in Christ’s day, it is difficult to believe that Christ’s teaching as to the Divine omnipresence and fatherly care, in the Sermon on the Mount and elsewhere, was not meant to be a corrective of the current theology, which in its endeavour to de-humanize God was in danger of un-deifying Him. ...
While thus maintaining the Divine omnipresence, we must try to find room for those numerous passages which speak of God as dwelling in heaven. ’ How in the light of the present article are we to conceive of God’s being thus connected with heaven so much more than with earth? and of other passages which assure us that ‘in heaven the angels do always behold the face of our Father who is in heaven’? How are we to reconcile the statement that God’s throne, or God’s face, is in heaven, with the doctrine of Divine omnipresence? The following seems to be the line along which we must seek for light:—While it is true that God’s presence is everywhere, it does not follow that His presence is manifested everywhere alike. Dogmatics, 131); and that ‘such limitation in the Divine essence manifestly abrogates the Divine absoluteness’ (Dorner, System, i. Whatever the community of disciples shall bind or loose, make binding or leave optional, shall receive Divine ratification, because the presence of the Christ will be with them guiding and controlling them. In vain did Zwingli point out to him that Jesus also said, ‘I am the door’; ‘I am the true Vine. This is not quite true with regard to the Divine omnipresence any more than to the other natural attributes of God; for did not Jesus say that God ‘causeth his sun to rise,’ and ‘sendeth rain’ (" translation="">Matthew 5:45), and ‘clothes the grass of the field and the lilies’ (6:30)? Still it is only a slight exaggeration of an important truth
Joseph - ...
In his simplicity, possibly with some degree of elation, but certainly with the divine approval (for the revelation was given to be made known, Matthew 10:27), he told the dreams to his brethren, which only aggravated their hatred: the first, their sheaves bowing to his sheaf (pointing to his coming office of lord of the Egyptian granaries); the second, the sun, moon, and 11 stars bowing to him (these heavenly bodies symbolizing authorities subject to his chief rule; compare the coming eclipse of the natural luminaries and earthly potentates before the Antitype, Matthew 24:29-30; Revelation 6:12). His interpretation of their dreams, the Vine with three branches and the pressing the grape juice into Pharaoh's cup, and the three baskets of white bread (the Egyptians being noted for their fancy bread and pastry) out the uppermost of which the birds ate, came to pass; Pharaoh restored the chief cupbearer, and decapitated the chief baker. divine guidance led Joseph to require Benjamin, the surest way of bringing Jacob and the whole family into their Egyptian house of bondage and training
Sea of Galilee - The sea level and the configuration of the shores have not changed to any considerable extent during the past nineteen centuries, so that, in so far as hills and valleys, ravines and slopes to the seashore are concerned, their present description gives a very true conception of what they were in Gospel days. The hills and the valleys on both shores become clothed in a luxuriant greenness, while, as the season advances, the fresh bursting buds of the olive, the fig, the Vine, and the pomegranate, with here and there a palm tree, add variety and pleasantness to the landscape. On the hills around the Lake were ‘vines and fruitful fields’ (Meg. The experience of Lynch is that of every one who has spent any time here: ‘While pulling about the Lake, a squall swept down one of the ravines, and gave us a convincing proof of how soon the placid sea could assume an angry look’ (p
Egypt - 77) and Plutarch are wrong in denying the growth of the Vine in Egypt before Psammetichus, for the monuments show it was well known from the time of the pyramids. " It is a monument of divinely-ordered number before the beginning of idolatry. ) Egyptian religions law depended on future rewards and punishments; the Mosaic law on the contrary mainly depended on temporal rewards and punishments, which only could have place in a system of miraculous and extraordinary divine interposition. The effect of the divine plagues on the Egyptians is seen in the fact that a "mixed multitude," numbering many Egyptians who gave up their idols to follow Israel's God, accompanied Israel at the Exodus (Exodus 12:38), besides Semitics whose fathers had come in with the Hyksos
Mental Characteristics - His followers were described as ‘a flock,’ ‘a church,’ ‘a Vine,’ in which the severance of a member involved its utter futility. And this surely is what we must expect to be its mode if we try to conceive of a Divine incarnation
Christ in Art - , but they came to be used rather as emblems of Christ’s Mother than of our Lord Himself, and often as badges of the royal houses in England and France: the Pomegranate, split open, originally a type of Divine grace, became similarly common as a Tudor badge. In the Middle Ages, when great emphasis was laid upon the Eucharistic sacrifice, symbols of the Passion were much in vogue, in addition to the Vine and Corn, the Chalice and the Host. John the Divine
John, Theology of - John’s habit to consider every subject from the point of view of the Divine . No writer of Scripture insists more strongly upon the unity and absoluteness of the only God ( John 5:44 ), ‘the only true God’ (17:3), whom ‘no man hath seen at any time’ (1:18); yet none more completely recognizes the eternal Sonship of the Son, the fulness of the Godhead seen in Christ, the personality and Divine offices of the Holy Spirit. That there is the slightest inconsistency between the Divine love and the Divine righteousness is incredible; but if God is love, no manifestation of God’s justice can ever contradict this quintessential principle of His inmost nature. But the statement that God is love goes behind all these for the moment, and teaches that the principle of self-impartation is essential, energetic, and ever operating in the Divine nature, and that it is in itself the source of all life, all purifying energy, and all that love which constitutes at the same time the binding and the motive power of the whole universe. John, however, availed himself of another meaning of the Greek word Logos , and he emphasizes the Divine ‘utterance,’ which reveals the mind and will of God Himself, giving a personal and historical interpretation to the phrase. The Word, according to the teaching of the Prologue, is Eternal, Divine, the Mediator of creation, the Light of mankind throughout history; and in the latter days the Word made flesh, tabernacling amongst men, is the Only-begotten from the Father full of grace and truth. In all ages the Logos was the medium of Divine revelation, as He had been of creation itself, and of the Godhead before the world was. The doctrines of the Fatherhood of God and of the Holy Spirit as a Divine Person do not indeed depend upon the witness of St. Without it we might well have failed to gain an adequate conception of Fatherhood and Sonship as eternal elements in the Divine nature, and the unique relationship between the Father and the Son Incarnate is brought out in the fifth and other chapters of the Gospel as nowhere else. Our Lord’s allegory not parable of the Vine and the Branches is full of instruction, but no analogy drawn from vegetable life suffices adequately to describe the fellowship between Christ and His disciples; this is rather to be moulded after the pattern of the spiritual fellowship between the Father and the Son (John 15:9 ; John 17:21-23 ); and the terms ‘communion’ and ‘abiding’ are strongly characteristic of the First Epistle (1:3, 2:6, 27, 28, 3:24, 4:12 etc
Church (2) - ...
The unity of the Church is, then, a theological unity, arising from the unity of God, from the fact that all members of the Church are members of Christ and abide in Him as the branches abide in the Vine, and from the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. —The Church may be called holy because it is a Divine institution, of which Christ is the head, and the special sphere of the working of the Holy Spirit, or because its members, being united to Christ as the branches
Jerusalem - The Vine that was brought from Egypt is cut off from the midst of the land; the Vineyards are wasted; the hedges are taken away; and the graves of the ancient dead are open and tenantless