What does Tribes mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
שִׁבְטֵ֣י rod 19
שִׁבְטֵ֥י clan 19
הַמַּטּ֖וֹת staff 6
לְשִׁבְטֵיכֶ֑ם rod 3
φυλῶν a tribe. / a race 3
הַשְּׁבָטִ֑ים rod 3
מַטּ֣וֹת staff 2
שָֽׁבֶט rod 2
שִׁבְטֵיכֶ֗ם rod 2
φυλὰς a tribe. / a race 2
שִׁבְטֵ֤י rod 2
הַשְּׁבָטִֽים rod 2
שִׁבְטֵיכֶ֖ם rod 2
לִשְׁבָטָ֑יו rod 2
φυλαὶ a tribe. / a race 2
שְׁבָטִֽים rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵ֥י rod 1
וְשִׁבְטֵ֥י rod 1
שְׁבָטִ֡ים rod 1
בִּשְׁבָטָ֣יו rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵיהֶֽם rod 1
בְּשִׁבְטֵ֥י rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵ֣י rod 1
מִשִּׁבְטֵ֣י rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵ֧י rod 1
בְּשִׁבְטֵי֙ rod 1
מִשִּׁבְטֵ֖י rod 1
הַשְּׁבָטִ֖ים rod 1
שְׁבָטֶֽיהָ rod 1
שְׁבָטֶ֑יךָ rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵיהֶ֑ם rod 1
שִׁבְטֵ֖י rod 1
δωδεκάφυλον the twelve tribes 1
לִשְׁבָטֶ֑יךָ rod 1
מַטּוֹת־ staff 1
φυλαῖς a tribe. / a race 1
לְאֻמֹּתָֽם people 1
הָאֻמִּֽים people 1
הַמַּטּוֹת֩ staff 1
הַמַּטּ֜וֹת staff 1
הַמַּטּוֹת֙ staff 1
מַטּ֖וֹת staff 1
לְמַטּוֹת֩ staff 1
הַמַּטּ֔וֹת staff 1
שְׁבָטֶ֔יךָ rod 1
לְמַטּ֥וֹת staff 1
הַמַּטֹּ֔ת staff 1
הַשְּׁבָטִ֣ים rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵיכֶ֖ם rod 1
שִׁבְטֵ֨י rod 1
שִׁבְטֵֽי־ rod 1
שִׁבְטֵ֧י rod 1
לְשִׁבְטֵיכֶֽם rod 1
שִׁבְטֵיכֶ֔ם rod 1
שִׁבְטֵי־ rod 1

Definitions Related to Tribes

H7626


   1 rod, staff, branch, offshoot, club, sceptre, tribe.
      1a rod, staff.
      1b shaft (of spear, dart).
      1c club (of shepherd’s implement).
      1d truncheon, sceptre (mark of authority).
      1e clan, tribe.
      

H4294


   1 staff, branch, tribe.
      1a staff, rod, shaft.
      1b branch (of vine).
      1c tribe.
         1c1 company led by chief with staff (originally).
         

G5443


   1 a tribe.
      1a in the NT all the persons descending from one of the twelve sons of the patriarch, Jacob.
   2 a race, nation, people.
   

H523


   1 people, tribe, nation.
   

G1429


   1 the twelve Tribes, used collectively of the Israelitish people, as consisting of the twelve Tribes.
   

Frequency of Tribes (original languages)

Frequency of Tribes (English)

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Tribes of Israel
TRIBES OF ISRAEL . The number of the tribes of Israel varied at different periods. The number 12 is an artificial one, as is seen from its application to the descendants of Ishmael ( Genesis 17:20 ; Genesis 25:13-15 ), of Nahor ( Genesis 22:20-24 ), and of Esau ( Genesis 36:15-19 ; Genesis 36:40-43 ). Simeon and Levi were ‘divided in Jacob and scattered in Israel’ ( Genesis 49:7 ) when the tribe of Benjamin arose, so that at that time there would be not 12 but only 11 tribes. Reuben, likewise, in the period of the kings, was an insignificant remnant, and, though mentioned in 1 Chronicles 5:26 as still existing in 734, had apparently become disintegrated long before. As Stade ( GVI [1] i. 146) correctly remarks, several of the largest tribes Judah, Ephraim, Manasseh, Gad contained many minor tribes which surpassed in number, possessions, and political significance several of those counted in the twelve tribes.
The number of the tribes, according to JE [2] ’s genealogy (Genesis 29:1-35 ; Genesis 30:1-43 ), is not 12 but 13, and in the following order:
Leah tribes Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah 4 Bilhah (Rachel) tribes Dan, Naphtali 2 Zilpah (Leah) tribes Gad, Asher 2 Leah tribes Issachar, Zebulun 2 Rachel tribes Joseph = (Manasseh, Ephraim) 2 Benjamin (born in Palestine), Genesis 35:16-206 1 13 To obtain the number 12 from this scheme it is necessary to omit Levi, or to count Manasseh and Ephraim as one.
Why the number twelve was chosen cannot be answered with certainty. Whether it is astronomical or mythological, i.e. connected with the 12 signs of the Zodiac and the 12 months in the year in which case it would be traceable to Babylonia, as Gunkei suggests in his Genesis (p. 300), and Winckier holds ( Gesch. Israels , ii. p. 57, where he connects the ‘ Zwölf Söhne ’ (Jacob’s) ‘with the Zwölf Monaten ’), or whether it rests upon Solomon’s partition of the land into 12 divisions so that each might provision the royal household one month in the year ( 1 Kings 4:7 ), as Luther thinks ( ZATW [3] xxi. 34), or whether the true explanation has yet to be discovered, cannot be affirmed. The mythological explanation has to the present writer the greater probability in its favour.
The interpretation of the genealogical scheme of JE [2] , which appeals to be most acceptable to scholars, may be briefly summarized from Guthe, GVI [1] , p. 49 b . Benjamin appears as the last of the sons because this tribe came into existence last of all, and in Palestine ( Judges 1:22 ). Joseph is younger than the others because it entered and settled in Canaan later than Simeon, Levi, and Judah, etc. Evidence of this is found in Judges 1:1 ff., 1618835803_85 ff., and Genesis 34:1-31 , which shows Joseph in possession of the region of Shechem, formerly occupied by Simeon and Levi. The order of arrangement, it would therefore seem, depended upon the author’s view of the time of a tribe’s respective settlement or origin in Canaan. Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher the Canaanite tribes of the concubines who were admitted to union with the other tribes owe their position also to these principles. Excluding Benjamin, who was born in Canaan, and the four tribes descended from the concubines, there remain only seven as extra-Canaanitish. The mothers, Leah and Rachel, represent different tribal groups at the head of which stand respectively Reuben and Joseph ( 1 Chronicles 5:1-2 ). History, however, gives us no record of Reuben’s priority in leadership, but assigns that rôle to Joseph, so that the primacy of the Reuben tribe must go back to an earlier time and to the East Jordan. It is possible that the tribes which entered Canaan under Reuben’s leadership, or during his supremacy, were classed under Leah, while those which followed under the lead of Joseph were classed under Rachel. The position of Issachar and Zebulun indicates that they were later in acquiring a foothold than the four earlier Leah tribes, yet earlier than Joseph. The position assigned to the Bilhah and Zilpah tribes, Guthe thinks, may be explained by their having come into closer relations to Joseph, and to Reuben or the last of the two Leah tribes respectively, and hence their mothers were given as handmaids to Rachel and Leah. This is all suggestive, but no certainty is reached. Reuben’s position (in view of the inferior role of the tribe in historical times) remains as a problem to be solved, and the groupings, e.g. Asher with Gad as Zilpah tribes, despite their wide separation, Issachar and Zebulun with Judah as Leah tribes, are of doubtful import.
James A. Craio.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Tribes
(φυλή)
From the earliest times the nation of Israel was divided into various tribes, the number invariably being given as twelve. Conflicting opinions have been held as to how these tribal divisions arose, the traditional theory being that the different families descended from the sons of Jacob multiplied till they formed tribes. Others take the view that the history of the sons of Jacob is really a history of the various tribal communities which were combined to form the nation, and that the divisions were to a large extent geographical. In the lists of the tribes, as we find them in the OT, considerable variations are to be found, and frequently the tribes descended from Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) have to be regarded as one in order to make the number twelve. Some of the tribes seem to have disappeared at an early date or were absorbed into larger communities, and the divisions tended more and more to become geographical. After the return from the Exile many members of other tribes probably came to Jerusalem along with Jews strictly so called, i.e. those belonging to the ancient tribe of Judah. Most of these returned exiles came to be regarded as members of the tribes of Judah or Benjamin, although some may have been able to trace their descent from a distinguished member of another tribe, and others determined their tribe from the locality which they left at the Exile. No doubt many members of the priestly caste were in a position to claim their descent from the tribe of Levi.
In the NT we have few allusions to any of the tribes, with the exception of Judah and Benjamin, which were always more or less closely associated. Anna the prophetess, however, is stated to have belonged to the tribe of Asher (Luke 2:36), and Barnabas is described as a Levite (Acts 4:36). The apostle Paul, a Jew brought up in the Roman province of Cilicia, claims to belong to the tribe of Benjamin (Romans 11:1, Philippians 3:5). The fact that Jesus was connected with the royal tribe of Judah is frequently mentioned, and the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews calls attention to the fact in order to bring out the uniqueness of Christ’s Priesthood (Hebrews 7:13-14). In the same way the writer of the Apocalypse calls Him the ‘lion of the tribe of Judah’ (Revelation 5:5).
In NT times the conception seems to have been general that Israel even at that date still consisted of twelve tribes. Thus in Acts 26:7 Paul, in addressing king Agrippa, uses the phrase ‘our twelve tribes’ as synonymous with ‘Israel.’ But just as the term ‘Israel’ came to be employed in a spiritual and Christian sense as the true people of God, so the expression ‘twelve tribes’ is used to signify Christian believers generally. Thus James (James 1:1) addresses his Epistle to ‘the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad.’ In Revelation 7:4 ff. the writer speaks of the sealing of the servants of God. We are told that one hundred and forty and four thousand of ‘all the tribes of the children of Israel’ are sealed, and then follows a list of twelve tribes each furnishing twelve thousand. The tribes enumerated are Judah, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin. The remarkable features about this list are the substitution of Joseph for Ephraim, and the omission of Dan, which seems to have fallen into disrepute at a comparatively early date. The fact that the writer has taken over a Jewish apocalypse and worked it into a Christian setting makes it difficult to settle who exactly are meant here by the servants of God who are sealed in their foreheads. Are the ‘servants of God’ of Revelation 7:3 identical with the ‘multitude’ of Revelation 7:9 ‘whom no man can number’? Can this be the case when the sealed are numbered so definitely? If not, who then are the sealed? Are they faithful Jews of the OT dispensation, or are they Jewish Christians, and are the Gentile Christians not to be sealed? The first suggestion is impossible, as the sealed are evidently still on the earth. The view that Jewish Christians are the sealed, while possible, is unlikely, as the whole trend of the Apocalypse is to identify Christians as the true Jews, the Israel of God. Probably, in spite of all difficulties, the same persons are indicated in both passages, and neither the numbering of the sealed nor the reference to the various tribes of Israel is to be taken literally. The servants of Revelation 7:1-8, who are safeguarded on earth, are the innumerable multitude of Revelation 7:9-17, viewed after their martyr death under a definitely Christian light. The OT imagery of the sealing is used to express the thought that God’s faithful people are numbered and protected on earth to the last individual, while the subsequent vision (Revelation 7:9-17) points to their glory in heaven. For our writer as for James (James 1:1) and Paul (Galatians 6:16) the true Israel consists of Christian believers (cf. J. Moffatt, Expositor’s Greek Testament , ‘Revelation,’ London, 1910, p. 395).
W. F. Boyd.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Tribes
Israel was divided into twelve tribes according to the twelve sons of Jacob (Genesis 35:22-26). In the division of Canaan, the tribe of Levi received no allotment of its own but was given cities within all the other tribes (Numbers 18:24; Numbers 35:1-8; see LEVITE). Joseph, by contrast, received two tribal allotments, one for each of his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. This double portion was the inheritance of the firstborn, an inheritance that Joseph received instead of the eldest son, Reuben (Genesis 48:13-20; Genesis 49:22-26; 1 Chronicles 5:1-2).
Tribes of Israel, the
Social and political groups in Israel claiming descent from one of the twelve sons of Jacob.
The Tribal Unit The tribal unit played an important role in the history of the formation of the nation Israel. In ancient times a nation was referred to as “a people,” an am ; in Israel's case it was the “people of Israel.” The nation in turn was made up of “tribes.” The “tribe,” a shebet or matteh , was the major social unit that comprised the makeup of the nation. The tribe was comprised of “clans.” The “clan,” a mishpachah , was a family of families or a cluster of households that had a common ancestry. The clan was comprised then of the individual households or families referred to as the “father's house” the beth ab . Actually, the family in ancient times might be made up of several families living together and forming one household (Judges 12:1-6 ). See Family .
Tribal Origins The ancestral background of “the tribes of Israel” went back to the patriarch Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel. The nation Israel was identified as “the children of Israel, or more literally “the sons of Israel.” According to the biblical account, the family of Jacob, from which the tribes came, originated in north Syria during Jacob's stay at Haran with Laban his uncle. Eleven of the twelve sons were born at Haran, while the twelfth, Benjamin was born after Jacob returned to Canaan. The birth of the sons came through Jacob's wives Leah and Rachel and their maids Zilpah and Bilhah. The sons of Leah included Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah (Genesis 29:31-35 ), Issachar and Zebulun, as well as one daughter named Dinah (Genesis 30:19-21 ). Rachel's sons were Joseph (Genesis 30:22-24 ), who became the father of Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 41:50-52 ), and Benjamin (Genesis 35:16-18 ). Jacob's sons through Zilpah, Leah's maid, were Gad and Asher (Genesis 30:9-13 ), while Bilhah, the maid of Rachel, bore Dan and Naphtali (Genesis 30:1-8 ).
This family of families or family of tribes occupied the focal point in the history of the development of Israel as a nation. While there are details of that history that we do not clearly understand and other groups simply referred to as “a mixed multitude” (Exodus 12:38 ) that were perhaps incorporated into the nation, the central focus is always on the “tribes of Israel,” the descendants of Jacob. For that reason lists of the twelve sons of Jacob or of the tribes appear in several places in the Old Testament, though the lists vary somewhat. Some of the major lists include that of Jacob's blessing of the twelve (Genesis 49:1 ), the review of the households as the period of oppression in Egypt is introduced (Exodus 1:1-10 ), Moses' blessing of the tribes (Deuteronomy 33:1 ), and the song of Deborah (Judges 5:1 ).
The Tribes of Israel Each tribe had its own history in its allotment of land. We know few details about the individual tribes.
1. Reuben, the firstborn son of Jacob by his wife Leah, was in line to assume a leadership role in the family, but he forfeited that right because of an illicit affair he had with his father's concubine Bilhah (Genesis 35:22 ). The impact of this reflected in Jacob's blessing where Reuben is addressed as “unstable as water, you shall no longer excel because you went up on to your father's bed” (Genesis 49:4 NRSV). At the time of the migration of Jacob's family to Egypt, Reuben had four sons ( Genesis 46:8-9 ).
In some of the lists of the tribes of Israel, Reuben is mentioned first (Exodus 1:1-4 ; Numbers 1:5 ), while in other lists Reuben appears further down (Numbers 2:1-11 ). During the journey through the wilderness, the tribes of Reuben, Simeon, and Gad formed the second unit of the procession with the tribe of Reuben in the lead position (Numbers 10:17-20 ). This cluster of tribes headed by the tribe of Reuben was next in line after the tabernacle (Numbers 10:17 ). As the tribes approached the land of Canaan and allotments were made to each tribe, the tribe of Reuben along with Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh occupied the Transjordan, that is the highland plateau region east of the Jordan River (Joshua 13:8-31 ); compare Genesis 30:9-1191 : 1-5,33-42 ). The tribe of Reuben occupied the southern region extending roughly from the Arnon river to the site of Heshbon (Joshua 13:15-23 ). Formerly, this territory was the homeland of the kingdom of Sihon. While we know little about the tribe of Reuben during the period of the settlement, the song of Deborah suggests that the tribe was criticized by some of the other tribes for not taking a more active role in the conquest (Judges 5:15-16 ). See Transjordan .
2. Simeon was Jacob's second son by Leah and played a key role in the encounter Dinah had with Shechem. Because Simeon and Levi were full brothers of Dinah, they sought to avenge her (Genesis 34:25-26 ) for Shechem's actions (Genesis 34:1-4 ). The radical response of the two brothers, in which they “took their swords and came against the city unawares, and killed all the males” (Genesis 34:25 ), is reflected in Jacob's blessing of the two: “Weapons of violence are their swords cursed be their anger, for it is fierce, and their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel” (Genesis 49:5-7 NRSV). During the years of famine as the sons of Jacob traveled back and forth between Egypt and Canaan, Simeon was held hostage by Joseph at one point ( Genesis 42:24 ).
In the lists of the tribes, Simeon is listed in second place, that is, next after Reuben (Exodus 1:2 ; Exodus 6:15 ; Numbers 1:6 ,Numbers 1:6,1:22-23 ; Numbers 13:5 ; Numbers 26:12-14 ). Generally, the tribe of Simeon seems to be characterized by weakness. Its status is best reflected in the final statement of Jacob's blessing of Simeon and Levi: “I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel” (Genesis 49:7 ). Perhaps because of its weak status, the tribe of Simeon apparently was not given a separate inheritance in the land (Joshua 19:1-9 ). Rather, “its inheritance lay within the inheritance of the tribe of Judah” (Joshua 19:1 ), in the southern Negeb.
3. Levi was the third son of Jacob and Leah. See Exodus 32:25-29 ). They became the landless priestly tribe. See Levites ; Levitical Cities ; Priests .
4. Judah, the fourth son of Jacob by his wife Leah (Genesis 29:35 ), appears as a leader and a spokesman among his brothers (Genesis 37:26 ; Genesis 43:3 ; Genesis 44:16 ; compare Genesis 46:28 ). Judah was promised preeminence over the other tribes in Jacob's blessing (Genesis 49:8-12 ).
In the journey from Egypt to Canaan, Judah has the lead position (Numbers 2:9 ). As the tribes entered the land, it was Achan of the tribe of Judah who was guilty of taking some of the forbidden booty or loot from Jericho (Joshua 7:1 ). The tribe of Judah occupied the southern part of Palestine, basically the territory between the Dead Sea on the east to the Mediterranean on the west (Joshua 15:1 ). The northern boundary of Judah was marked by the territories of Benjamin and Dan. The territory of Jerusalem may have formed something of a barrier between Judah and the tribes of the north because it was not finally secured until the time of David (2 Samuel 5:6-10 ). The capture of Jerusalem by David paved the way for the tribes to have a kind of unity they had not previously experienced. The territory of the tirbe of Judah constituted the major portion of the Southern Kingdom, thus forming the kingdom of Judah with its capital Jerusalem.
5. Issachar was the ninth son born to Jacob, but the first of a second family he had by Leah (Genesis 30:18 ). Beyond his birth, little else is known about his life or that of the tribe. During the journey from Mount Sinai to Canaan the tribe of Issachar followed the tribe of Judah, that is, it was a part of the first cluster of tribes located on the east side of the tabernacle (Numbers 2:5 ). The territory occupied by the tribe of Issachar is difficult to outline precisely (Joshua 19:17-23 ). They were located west of the Jordan in the region just south of the Sea of Galilee stretching on down to the Valley of Jezreel. Because the blessing of Moses says that Zebulun and Issachar “call peoples to the mountain;/there they offer the right sacrifices” (Deuteronomy 33:19 NRSV), some have speculated that the two tribes perhaps had a center of worship on Mount Tabor, a mountain located on the border between the two tribes. Because the blessing of Jacob speaks of Issachar as a beast of burden and as “a slave at forced labor” ( Genesis 49:14-15 NRSV), the tribe of Issachar may have faced a variety of hardships. For instance there may have been a time during the tribal period when the people of Issachar served as slaves in the forced labor projects of their neighbors, the Canaanites.
6. Zebulun was the tenth son of Jacob and the sixth and final son by his wife Leah (Genesis 30:19-20 ). Little else is known about Zebulun's life. The territory allotted to the tribe of Zebulun was in the north in the region of southern Galilee bounded by Issachar on the south southeast, Naphtali on the east, and Asher on the west (Joshua 19:10-16 ). The blessing of Jacob speaks of Zebulun's territory including “the shore of the sea,” presumably the Mediterranean Sea, and “his border shall be at Sidon,” (Genesis 49:13 NRSV) a city on the coast north of Mount Carmel. While this territory was traditionally occupied by the tribe of Asher, it is quite possible that at some point Zebulun occupied a part of this region and, therefore, would have had access to the sea. The blessing of Moses further states that Zebulum along with Issachar would benefit from “the affluence of the seas and the hidden treasures of the sand” ( Deuteronomy 33:19 NRSV). During the period that the tribes were settling in the land of Canaan, Zebulun apparently went beyond the call of duty in providing support. It is the only tribe in the Song of Deborah to be mentioned twice ( Judges 5:14 ,Judges 5:14,5:18 ).
7. Joseph was the first son born to Jacob by Rachel, Jacob's favorite wife (Genesis 30:22-24 ). Two of the tribes of Israel came from Joseph, namely, Ephraim and Manasseh .
The story of Joseph is the most eventful of the sons of Jacob. See Genesis 41:50-52 ), who were born in Egypt. Ephraim and Manasseh were adopted by Jacob and therefore each became the father of a tribe in Israel (Genesis 48:8-20 ). While Manasseh was the older of the two, Jacob gave preference to Ephraim (Genesis 48:14 ; compare Deuteronomy 33:17 ). The Blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49:22-26 ) mentions only Joseph; the Blessing of Moses (Deuteronomy 33:13-17 ) begins with Joseph and notes Ephriam and Manasseh, the song of Deborah (Judges 5:14 ) speaks of Ephraim and Machir. See Machir .
a. Ephraim occupied a major portion of the central hill country with Manasseh during the tribal period. Ephraim's territory consisted of the region just north of Dan and Benjamin and ran from the Jordan River on the east to the Mediterranean Sea on the west. That Ephraim played a major leadership role among the tribes is reflected in the tribal history. Joshua, one of the twelve spies and a member of the tribe of Ephraim, became the successor of Moses ( Numbers 13:8 ,Numbers 13:8,13:16 ; Joshua 1:1-11 ). Ephraim demanded leadership in the period of the judges (Judges 3:27 ; Judges 4:5 ; Judges 7:24 ; Judges 8:1 ; Judges 10:1 ; Numbers 3:24 ; Judges 17:1 ; Judges 18:2 ,Judges 18:2,18:13 ; Judges 19:1 ). Shiloh, located in the territory of the tribe of Ephraim, became the major center of worship during the tribal period (Joshua 18:1 ; 1 Samuel 1:1-18 ). Samuel, the leader of the tribes (1 Samuel 7:15-17 ) near the end of the period of the Judges and just prior to the beginning of the kinship, came from Ephraim (1 Samuel 1:1-20 ).
Ephraim's influence is seen not only during the tribal period, but in Israel's later history as well. For instance, as the nation Israel divided into two kingdoms following the death of Solomon in 922 B.C., it was an Ephraimite named Jeroboam who led the northern tribes in their plea for leniency (1 Kings 12:1-5 ). When Rehoboam rejected their plea, the northern tribes broke their ties with the south, formed a separate kingdom (1 Kings 12:16-19 ), and selected Jeroboam as their king (1 Kings 12:20 ). Ephraim's influence is seen also during the time of the prophets. For instance, Hosea refers to Israel some three dozen times using the name Ephraim as being synonymous with Israel.
b. Manasseh was the oldest son of Joseph and Asenath. The tribe of Manasseh occupied terrihytory both east and west of the Jordan River. Manasseh's terrotory east of the Jordan included the regions of Gilead and Bashan and most likely extended from the Jabbok River to near Mount Hermon. Manasseh's territory west of the Jordan was located north of Ephraim. Apparently, the tribe of Manasseh played an important role in the conquest. For instance the sons of Machir, Manasseh's son took the land of Gilead and drove out the Amorites who occupied it ( Numbers 32:39 ; compare Judges 5:14 ); while other descendants of Manasseh engaged in the activities of the conquest elsewhere (Numbers 32:41-42 ). Perhaps Gideon is the most familiar of the descendants of Manasseh (Judges 6:12-15 ). Gideon defeated the Midianites with a small band of men (Judges 6-7 ).
8. Benjamin was Jacob's youngest son, born to him by Rachel, and the only son born after returning to Palestine from Haran (Genesis 35:16-20 ). He was the only full-blooded brother of Joseph. Therefore, the tribes of Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh formed a special group. Benjamin's tribal territory was a small area west of the Jordan, sandwiched between Ephraim to the north and Judah to the south (Joshua 18:11-28 ). The Benjaminites had a reputation as men of war. The blessing of Jacob refers to them as a “ravenous wolf” (Genesis 49:27 NRSV). The Book of Judges notes their activities as warriors during the tribal period ( Judges 5:14 ; Judges 20:12-16 ). They were referred to as those “who were left-handed” and experts with the sling (Judges 20:16 NRSV). The story of the Levite and his concubine reflects the inhumane acts for which the Benjaminites were responsible ( Judges 19:1 ). The second judge, Ehud (Judges 3:12-30 ), and the first king, Saul (1 Samuel 9:15-17 ; 1 Samuel 10:1 ), came from the tribe of Benjamin.
9. Dan was the fifth son of Jacob and the first of two sons by Bilhah, Rachel's maid (Genesis 30:5-8 ). Therefore, Dan and Naphtali were full-blooded brothers and are often mentioned together (Genesis 46:23-24 ; Joshua 19:40-48 ). The tribe of Dan originally occupied the territory just west of Benjamin with Ephraim on the north and Judah and the Philistines on the south (Exodus 1:4 ). Shortly after settling in this area, the Amorites and the Philistines apparently attempted to drive them out of the region (Judges 1:34-36 ). The pressure and harassment the people of Dan experienced from the Philistines is reflected in the stories of Samson, the Danite, and his encounters with them (Judges 13-16 ). The Philistine pressure resulted in the migration of the tribe to an area north of Lake Hula, to the city of Laish and its territory (Judges 18:14-27 ). The people of Dan captured the city and renamed it Dan (Judges 18:29 ). See Dan .
10. Naphtali was the sixth son of Jacob and younger full-blooded brother of Dan (Genesis 30:6-8 ). The name, Naphtali, which conveys the idea of “wrestling” was selected because of the personal struggles between Rachel and Leah (Genesis 30:7-8 ). The Bible provides little information concerning Naphtali the person or tribe. During the tribal period the tribe of Naphtali occupied the broad strip of land west of the Jordan in the area of Lake Hula and the Sea of Chinnereth (Galilee). This band of land ran from Issachar and Zebulun in the south to near Dan in the north (Joshua 19:32-39 ). Apparently, the tribe of Naphtali provided forces during the conquest of the land (Judges 5:18 ) and during the Midianite threat (Judges 6:35 ; Judges 7:23 ).
11. Gad was the seventh son of Jacob and the first of two sons by Zilpah, the maid of Leah (1618835804_8 ). Because Leah saw this birth as a sign of “good fortune,” especially in the light of the fact that she had ceased having children, she named him “Gad” which means “fortune” (Genesis 30:11 NRSV). We know very little about Gad the patriarch beyond the brief details about his birth. The tribe's territory was the east side of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, including a part of the region called Gilead ( Numbers 32:34-36 ; Joshua 13:24-28 ), extending from the region of the Jabbok River in the north to the region of the Arnon River in the south. According to the blessing of Jacob the tribe of Gad perhaps experienced numerous raids (Genesis 49:19 ) especially from groups like the Ammonites as reflected in the story of Jephthah (Judges 11:1 ). Perhaps such raids were prompted by the fact that Gad occupied some of the best land in the Transjordan (Deuteronomy 33:20-21 ). Apparently the men of Gad achieved great expertise as warriors (1 Chronicles 12:8 ).
12. Asher was the eighth son of Jacob, the second son by Zilpah and the younger full-blooded brother of Gad (Genesis 30:9-13 ). Like Gad, little information is shared about the patriarch Asher. The tribe of Asher occupied the region west of Zebulun and Naphtali, that is, the northern coastal region of Palestine. The territory extended from near Mount Carmel in the south to near Tyre in the north (Joshua 19:24-31 ). Asher is the only tribe not recognized as providing a judge during the tribal period. While Asher occupied choice territory (Genesis 49:20 ), it apparently was reproached and perhaps failed to gain the respect of some of the other tribes (Judges 5:17 ).
Conclusion While discussion and research will continue concerning the history of the tribes and the territory they occupied, the tribal period will always be recognized as an important though enigmatic period in the development of the history of Israel. With the development of the monarchy the tribal period came to an end; however, tribal ties and traditions may have continued to be quite strong. Many scholars suggest that tribal jealousies and traditions played a major role in bringing about the division of the kingdom and the formation of two kingdoms, the Northern Kindgom and the Southern Kingdom in 922 B.C.
LaMoine DeVries
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Tribes, the Twelve
Twelve was God's chosen number for Israel, under this number they were ever before Him, as manifested in the twelve stones on the breastplate and the twelve names on the two onyx stones in the shoulder pieces of the high priest, and in the twelve loaves on the table of showbread. All these continued the same after the division of the ten tribes, and notwithstanding the separation. Though the ten tribes were dispersed, and as men think 'lost,' Paul spoke of the twelve tribes constantly serving God in his day; and James addressed the twelve tribes in his epistle. In the New Jerusalem the names of the twelve tribes will be written on the twelve gates. Acts 26:7 ; James 1:1 ; Revelation 21:12 . They remain ever twelve in God's sight, as the church is ever one before Him.
In seven passages a list of the twelve tribes is given, but the order of the names varies in each, for which there is doubtless a divine reason. After Levi was separated for the priesthood, the number twelve was maintained by Ephraim and Manasseh being mentioned instead of Joseph. When Moses blessed the twelve tribes Simeon was omitted. The blessing there is not so much a prophecy of their historical future, as when Jacob blessed them, but according to their relationship with God in government and blessing. In Revelation 7 , where the tribes are sealed for blessing, Dan is omitted, as being a type of Antichrist: Ephraim is also omitted, the number being made up by inserting Levi and by Joseph being mentioned as well as Manasseh. In the future division of the land Dan will have a portion, but will be the farthest from the temple. Ezekiel 48:1-35 . In the following table the names are numbered throughout according to birth. In Numbers 1 there are two lists of the tribes: one, the heads of the tribes, as given in the following table; the other, when the tribes were numbered, the only difference in the order of the names being that in the latter Gad comes before Judah.
According to Blessed by Heads of Blessed by Dividing of the Future division Sealed for
Birth. Jacob. Tribes Chosen Moses Land. North to South. Blessing.
Genesis 29 , etc. Genesis 49 . Numbers 1 . Deuteronomy 33 . Joshua 13 19 . Ezekiel 48 . Revelation 7 .
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1 Reuben 1 Reuben 1 Reuben 1 Reuben 1 Reuben 5 Dan. 4 Judah
2 Simeon 2 Simeon 2 Simeon 4 Judah 7 Gad 8 Asher 1 Reuben
3 Levi 3 Levi 4 Judah 3 Levi 11a Manasseh 6 Naphtali 7 Gad
4 Judah 4 Judah 9 Issachar 12 Benjamin 4 Judah 11a Manasseh 8 Asher
5 Dan 10 Zebulun 10 Zebulun 11b Ephraim 11b Ephraim 11b Ephraim 6 Naphtali
6 Naphtali 9 Issachar 11b Ephraim 11a Manasseh 12 Benjamin 1 Reuben 11a Manasseh
7 Gad 5 Dan 11a Manasseh 10 Zebulun 2 Simeon 4 Judah 2 Simeon
8 Asher 7 Gad 12 Benjamin 9 Issachar 10 Zebulun 12 Benjamin 3 Levi
9 Issachar 8 Asher 5 Dan 7 Gad 9 Issachar 2 Simeon 9 Issachar
10 Zebulun 6 Naphtali 8 Asher 5 Dan 8 Asher 9 Issachar 10 Zebulun
11Joseph 11 Joseph 7 Gad 6 Naphtali 6 Naphtali 10 Zebulun 11 Joseph
12 Benjamin 12 Benjamin 6 Naphtali 8 Asher 5 Dan 7 Gad 12 Benjamin
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Morrish Bible Dictionary - Twelve Tribes
See TRIBES.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Tribes
Tribes. Numbers 13:2-15. The twelve sons of Jacob were heads of families, and each family a tribe. The two sons of Joseph were adopted by Jacob in place of Joseph. Genesis 48:5. So there were thirteen tribes. But in dividing Canaan there were only twelve, since the family of Levi was assigned to the Lord's service and had no separate lot or share in the division of the promised land. Joshua 13:7-14; Joshua 13:33. The tribes were continued under one head or nation until after the death of Solomon, when ten tribes revolted from Judah and Benjamin, and set up the northern kingdom—Israel They were carried into captivity in 721 b.c., and no account of their return is given. Judah was also carried into captivity, 606 to 588 b.c.; but a remnant returned under Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah, 536 b.c. and later. Tribes are referred to as being in the Christian church. Christ tells the apostles: "Ye... shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel." Matthew 19:28; Luke 22:30. James addresses his epistle "To the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad." James 1:1. In the Revelation "144,000 of all the tribes of the children of Israel" were sealed. Revelation 7:4. See Jews.

Sentence search

Tribe - A family, race or series of generations, descending from the same progenitor and kept distinct, as in the case of the twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of Jacob. The city of Athens was divided into ten Tribes. Rome was originally divided into three Tribes afterward the people were distributed into thirty Tribes, and afterwards into thirty five. Linneus distributed the vegetable kingdom into three Tribes, viz. Cuvier divides his orders into families, and his families into Tribes, including under the latter one or more genera. Leach, in his arrangement of insects, makes his Tribes, on the contrary, the primary subdivisions of his orders, and his families subordinate to them, and immediately including the genera. ...
Tribes of plants, in gardening, are such as are related to teach other by some natural affinity or resemblance as by their duration, the annual, biennial, and perennial Tribes by their roots, as the bulbous, tuberous, and fibrous-rooted Tribes by the loss or retention of their leaves, as the deciduous and ever-green Tribes by their fruits and seeds, as the leguminous, bacciferous, coniferous, nuciferous and pomiferous Tribes, &c. A nation of savages a body of rude people united under one leader or government as the Tribes of the six nations the Seneca tribe in America. TRIBE, To distribute into Tribes or classes
Twelve tribal leaders - The leaders of the twelve Tribes during theIsraelites' travel through the desert. They served both as governors of their respective Tribes and as "senators," performing communal functions
Tribes - Tribes. So there were thirteen Tribes. The Tribes were continued under one head or nation until after the death of Solomon, when ten Tribes revolted from Judah and Benjamin, and set up the northern kingdom—Israel They were carried into captivity in 721 b. Tribes are referred to as being in the Christian church. shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes of Israel. James addresses his epistle "To the twelve Tribes which are scattered abroad. In the Revelation "144,000 of all the Tribes of the children of Israel" were sealed
Israel - (ihz' ray ehl) Name of Northern Kingdom after Jeroboam led the northern Tribes to separate from the southern Tribes and form a separate kingdom (1 Kings 12:1 )
Bantu - ) A member of one of the great family of Negroid Tribes occupying equatorial and southern Africa. These Tribes include, as important divisions, the Kafirs, Damaras, Bechuanas, and many Tribes whose names begin with Aba-, Ama-, Ba-, Ma-, Wa-, variants of the Bantu plural personal prefix Aba-, as in Ba-ntu, or Aba-ntu, itself a combination of this prefix with the syllable -ntu, a person
Letushim - One of the Dedanite Tribes in N. ]'>[1] adds two other Tribes; but in the parallel passage, 1 Chronicles 1:32 , the sons of Dedan are omitted altogether both in MT Lenni-Lenape - ) A general name for a group of Algonquin Tribes which formerly occupied the coast region of North America from Connecticut to Virginia. They included the Mohicans, Delawares, Shawnees, and several other Tribes
Ed - ” Altar that the Tribes assigned territory east of the Jordan built as a witness that Yahweh is God of both the eastern and western Tribes. The building resulted in a dispute between the two groups of Tribes, but Phinehas, the priest, helped settle the dispute, ensuring the altar was a symbol and would not be used for burnt offering (Joshua 22:34 )
Reuben - See Tribes
Zebulun - See Tribes
Issachar - See Tribes
Judah - See Tribes
Gad - See Tribes
Manasseh - See Tribes
Asher - See Tribes
Benjamin - See Tribes
Twelve Tribes - See Tribes
Naphtali - See Tribes
Naphtali - See Tribes
Judah - See Tribes
Asher - See Tribes
Shoshones - ) A linguistic family or stock of North American Indians, comprising many Tribes, which extends from Montana and Idaho into Mexico. In a restricted sense the name is applied especially to the Snakes, the most northern of the Tribes
Simeon - See Peter, Tribes
Simeon - See Peter, Tribes
Algonkin - ) One of a widely spread family of Indians, including many distinct Tribes, which formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of North America. The name was originally applied to a group of Indian Tribes north of the River St
Aphar'Sathchites, Aphar'Sites, Aphar'Sacites, - the names of certain Tribes, colonies from which had been planted in Samaria by the Assyrian leader Asnapper. Whence these Tribes came is entirely a matter of conjecture
Levi - See Tribes, Priest, Aaron
Tribes of Israel - Tribes OF ISRAEL . The number of the Tribes of Israel varied at different periods. Simeon and Levi were ‘divided in Jacob and scattered in Israel’ ( Genesis 49:7 ) when the tribe of Benjamin arose, so that at that time there would be not 12 but only 11 Tribes. 146) correctly remarks, several of the largest Tribes Judah, Ephraim, Manasseh, Gad contained many minor Tribes which surpassed in number, possessions, and political significance several of those counted in the twelve Tribes. ...
The number of the Tribes, according to JE [2] ’s genealogy (Genesis 29:1-35 ; Genesis 30:1-43 ), is not 12 but 13, and in the following order:...
Leah Tribes Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah 4 Bilhah (Rachel) Tribes Dan, Naphtali 2 Zilpah (Leah) Tribes Gad, Asher 2 Leah Tribes Issachar, Zebulun 2 Rachel Tribes Joseph = (Manasseh, Ephraim) 2 Benjamin (born in Palestine), Genesis 35:18 1 13 To obtain the number 12 from this scheme it is necessary to omit Levi, or to count Manasseh and Ephraim as one. Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher the Canaanite Tribes of the concubines who were admitted to union with the other Tribes owe their position also to these principles. Excluding Benjamin, who was born in Canaan, and the four Tribes descended from the concubines, there remain only seven as extra-Canaanitish. It is possible that the Tribes which entered Canaan under Reuben’s leadership, or during his supremacy, were classed under Leah, while those which followed under the lead of Joseph were classed under Rachel. The position of Issachar and Zebulun indicates that they were later in acquiring a foothold than the four earlier Leah Tribes, yet earlier than Joseph. The position assigned to the Bilhah and Zilpah Tribes, Guthe thinks, may be explained by their having come into closer relations to Joseph, and to Reuben or the last of the two Leah Tribes respectively, and hence their mothers were given as handmaids to Rachel and Leah. Asher with Gad as Zilpah Tribes, despite their wide separation, Issachar and Zebulun with Judah as Leah Tribes, are of doubtful import
Judea - After the northern Ten Tribes seceded from the Davidic dynasty (in the 8th century BCE), this region, inhabited by the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, remained under the reign of the kings from the tribe of Judah
Arzareth - A region beyond the river from which the ten Tribes are to return. It became the subject of many later Jewish legends concerning the Sabhatic River beyond which the lost Tribes were to be found variously identified with the Oxus and the Ganges
Ebal - Moses commanded the Israelites, as soon as they should have passed the river Jordan, to go directly to Shechem, and divide the whole multitude into two bodies, each composed of six Tribes; one company to be placed on Ebal, and the other on Gerizim. The six Tribes that were on Gerizim were to pronounce blessings on those who should faithfully observe the law of the Lord, and the six others on Mount Ebal were to pronounce curses against those who should violate it, Deuteronomy 11:29 , &c; 27, and 28; Joshua 8:30-31 . ...
This consecration of the Hebrew commonwealth is thought to have been performed in the following manner: The heads of the first six Tribes went up to the top of Mount Gerizim, and the heads of the other six Tribes to the top of Mount Ebal. The Levites ranged themselves in a circle about the ark; and the elders, with the people, placed themselves at the foot of the mountain, six Tribes on a side. When they were thus disposed in order, the priests turned toward Mount Gerizim, on the top of which were the six heads of the six Tribes who were at the foot of the same mountain, and pronounced, for example, these words:— "Blessed be the man that maketh not any graven images. " The six princes who were upon the top of the mountain, and the six Tribes who were below at its foot, answered, "Amen. " Afterward, the priests, turning toward Mount Ebal, upon which were the princes of the other six Tribes, cried, with a loud voice, "Cursed be the man that maketh any graven image;" and were answered by the princes opposite to them and their Tribes, "Amen. " The Scripture, at first view, seems to intimate that there were six Tribes upon one mountain, and six on the other; but beside that it is by no means probable that the Tribes of the Israelites, who were so numerous, should be able to stand on the summits of these two mountains, it would not have been possible for them to have seen the ceremony, nor to have heard the blessings and curses in order to answer them. Accordingly, we may say, that neither Joshua, nor the priests or Tribes, went up to the top of the mountains, but the heads only, who in their persons might represent all the Tribes
Sebam - ” Town east of the Jordan the Tribes of Reuben and Gad wanted to settle after God conquered it for them (Numbers 32:3 ). Early versions agree with Numbers 32:38 in reading, “Sibmah,” which the Tribes rebuilt
Bigential - ) Including two Tribes or races of men
Russify - ) To Russianize; as, to Russify conquered Tribes
Jerah - Since the surrounding names in the list represent Arabian Tribes, this probably indicates the relationshipof Semitic Tribes in Arabia to the Hebrews
Foolahs - ) A peculiar African race of uncertain origin, but distinct from the negro Tribes, inhabiting an extensive region of Western Soudan. Fulah is also used adjectively; as, Fulah empire, Tribes, language
Tribe - But this patriarch on his death-bed adopted Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph, and would have them also to constitute two Tribes in Israel, Genesis 48:5 . Instead of twelve Tribes, there were now thirteen, that of Joseph being two. However, in the distribution of lands by Joshua under the order of God, they reckoned but twelve Tribes and made but twelve lots; of the tribe of Levi, being appointed to the sacred service, had no share in the distribution of the land, but received certain cities to dwell in, with the first-fruits, tithes, and oblations of the people. In the division made by Joshua of the land of Canaan, Reuben, Gad, and half of Manasseh had their lot beyond Jordan, east; all the other Tribes, and the remaining half of Manasseh had their distribution on this side the river, west. ...
The twelve Tribes continued united as one state, one people, and one monarchy, till after the death of Solomon, when ten of the Tribes revolted from the house of David, and formed the kingdom of Israel
Tribe - ) A division, class, or distinct portion of a people, from whatever cause that distinction may have originated; as, the city of Athens was divided into ten Tribes. ) A nation of savages or uncivilized people; a body of rude people united under one leader or government; as, the Tribes of the Six Nations; the Seneca tribe. ) To distribute into Tribes or classes. ) A family, race, or series of generations, descending from the same progenitor, and kept distinct, as in the case of the twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of Jacob
Dan - Son of Jacob and Bilhah, fifth of the Twelve Tribes
Gad - Son of Jacob and Zilpah, seventh of the Twelve Tribes
Patriarchs - This name is given to the ancient fathers, chiefly those who lived before Moses, as Adam, Lamech, Noah, Shem, &c, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the sons of Jacob, and heads of the Tribes. The Hebrews call them princes of the Tribes, or heads of the fathers
Technography - ) Description of the arts and crafts of Tribes and peoples
Israel - The whole people of the twelve Tribes are called "Israelites," the "children of Israel" ( Joshua 3:17 ; 7:25 ; Judges 8:27 ; Jeremiah 3:21 ), and the "house of Israel" (Exodus 16:31 ; 40:38 ). ...
After the death of Saul the ten Tribes arrogated to themselves this name, as if they were the whole nation (2 Samuel 2:9,10,17,28 ; 3:10,17 ; 19:40-43 ), and the kings of the ten Tribes were called "kings of Israel," while the kings of the two Tribes were called "kings of Judah
Hippophagous - ) Feeding on horseflesh; - said of certain nomadic Tribes, as the Tartars
Quapaw Indians - They were in advance of the northern Tribes in architecture and pottery and had an elaborate ritual. They were always friendly to the whites and at enmity with the southern Tribes
Indians, Quapaw - They were in advance of the northern Tribes in architecture and pottery and had an elaborate ritual. They were always friendly to the whites and at enmity with the southern Tribes
Tribe - The "twelve Tribes" of the Hebrews were the twelve collections of families which sprang from the sons of Jacob. The Tribes of Israel are referred to as types of the spiritual family of God ( Revelation 7 )
Agriology - ) Description or comparative study of the customs of savage or uncivilized Tribes
Tribal - ) Of or pertaining to a tribe or Tribes; as, a tribal scepter
Microbacteria - ) In the classification of Cohn, one of the four Tribes of Bacteria
Tribe - But Jacob on his death bed adopted Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, and would have them also to constitute two Tribes of Israel, Genesis 48:5 . Instead of twelve Tribes, there were now thirteen, that of Joseph being divided into two. However, in the distribution of lands to each which Joshua made by the order of God, they counted but twelve Tribes, and made but twelve lots. The twelve Tribes continued united under one head, making but one state, one people, and one monarchy, till after the death of Solomon. Then ten of the Tribes of Israel revolted from the house of David, and received for their king Jeroboam, the son of Nebat; and only the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin continued under the government of Rehoboam. Jeroboam the son of Nebat substituted the worship of golden calves for the worship of the true God; which was the occasion of the ten Tribes forsaking the temple of the Lord. Secondly, this schism caused an irreconcilable hatred between the ten Tribes, and those of Judah and Benjamin, and created numerous wars and disputes between them. Tiglath-Pileser first took away captive the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, Naphtali, and the half tribe of Manasseh, which were beyond Jordan, and carried them beyond the Euphrates, 2 Kings 15:29 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26 ; A. Thus ended the kingdom of the ten Tribes of Israel, A. As to the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, who remained under the government of the kings of the family of David, they continued a much longer time in their own country
Judah - (a) (1565-1466 BCE) Fourth son of Jacob and Leah, fourth of the Twelve Tribes. The leader of the Tribes, he encouraged his brothers to sell Joseph rather than leave him to die, and later stood up to Joseph when Benjamin’s safety was at stake
Zeruah - Stricken, mother of Jeroboam, the first king of the ten Tribes (1 Kings 11:26 )
Odin - ) The supreme deity of the Scandinavians; - the same as Woden, of the German Tribes
Israelites - The "children of Israel," a name of the twelve Tribes unitedly until the separation under Rehoboam, when it became the usual designation of the ten Tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. After the division, in order to prevent the ten Tribes from repairing to Jerusalem to worship, the two golden calves were set up, at Bethel and Dan, and thus idolatry was established in those Tribes, and corruption and ungodliness increased more rapidly than in Judah. Those who did return were merged in the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and with them constituted the Jews of our Savior's day
Gad - Only nine and a half of Israel’s twelve Tribes settled in the area commonly known as Canaan (i. The other two and a half Tribes settled in the area east of Jordan. (For the settlement of the two and a half eastern Tribes see REUBEN. )...
Gad, like the other eastern Tribes, was more open to attack than the western Tribes, but the men of Gad were fierce fighters who drove back the invaders (Genesis 49:19)
Santees - ) One of the seven confederated Tribes of Indians belonging to the Sioux, or Dakotas
Holethnos - ) A parent stock or race of people, not yet divided into separate branches or Tribes
Asher - (a) Son of Jacob and Zilpah, eighth of the Twelve Tribes
Manilla - ) A piece of copper of the shape of a horseshoe, used as money by certain Tribes of the west coast of Africa. ) A ring worn upon the arm or leg as an ornament, especially among the Tribes of Africa
Benjamin, Tribe of - One of the 12 Tribes of Israel, founded by Benjamin. In the time of the Judges, it was involved in a war with the other Tribes (Judges 19). At the death of Solomon, the 10 Tribes separated from Roboam; but the tribe of Benjamin, with that of Juda, remained faithful (3Kings 12)
Tribe of Benjamin - One of the 12 Tribes of Israel, founded by Benjamin. In the time of the Judges, it was involved in a war with the other Tribes (Judges 19). At the death of Solomon, the 10 Tribes separated from Roboam; but the tribe of Benjamin, with that of Juda, remained faithful (3Kings 12)
Apharsites - Another of the Tribes removed to Samaria (Ezra 4:9 ), or perhaps the same as the preceding
Kadmonites - From Kedem," children of the East," the Tribes roaming in the wilds S
Scythian - Wandering tribe or Tribes north of the Black and Caspian Seas
Apaches - ) A group of nomadic North American Indians including several Tribes native of Arizona, New Mexico, etc
Tribalism - ) The state of existing in Tribes; also, tribal feeling; tribal prejudice or exclusiveness; tribal peculiarities or characteristics
Israelites - the descendants of Israel, who were first called Hebrews by reason of Abraham, who came from the other side of the Euphrates; and afterward Israelites, from Israel, the father of the twelve Tribes; and, lastly, Jews, particularly after their return from the captivity of Babylon; because the tribe of Judah was then much stronger and more numerous than the other Tribes, and foreigners had scarcely any knowledge but of this tribe
Dishan - Antelope, the youngest son of Seir the Horite, head of one of the Tribes of Idumaea (Genesis 36:21,28,30 )
Dinaites - Cuthean colonists planted in Samaria by the Assyrians, after Shalmaneser's carrying away of the ten Tribes (Ezra 4:9)
Alemannic - ) Belonging to the Alemanni, a confederacy of warlike German Tribes
Tunguses - ) A group of roving Turanian Tribes occupying Eastern Siberia and the Amoor valley
Hagrites, Hagarites, Hagarenes - Twice they were the object of campaigns by the trans-Jordanic Israelite Tribes, by whom they were crushingly defeated and expelled from their land ( 1 Chronicles 5:6 ; 1 Chronicles 5:19-20 ). ’ But this is unlikely, since the Hagrites are named along with other Tribes which, according to this theory, they included. The Hagrites are mentioned among a group of Aramæan Tribes in an inscription of Tiglath-pileser iii
East, Children of the - The Arabs as a whole, known as the Nabateans or Kedarenes, nomad Tribes (Judges 6:3,33 ; 7:12 ; 8:10 )
Seannachie - ) A bard among the Highlanders of Scotland, who preserved and repeated the traditions of the Tribes; also, a genealogist
Nodab - A tribe on the east of the Jordan conquered by the two and a half Tribes
Tribes - (φυλή)...
From the earliest times the nation of Israel was divided into various Tribes, the number invariably being given as twelve. Conflicting opinions have been held as to how these tribal divisions arose, the traditional theory being that the different families descended from the sons of Jacob multiplied till they formed Tribes. In the lists of the Tribes, as we find them in the OT, considerable variations are to be found, and frequently the Tribes descended from Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) have to be regarded as one in order to make the number twelve. Some of the Tribes seem to have disappeared at an early date or were absorbed into larger communities, and the divisions tended more and more to become geographical. After the return from the Exile many members of other Tribes probably came to Jerusalem along with Jews strictly so called, i. Most of these returned exiles came to be regarded as members of the Tribes of Judah or Benjamin, although some may have been able to trace their descent from a distinguished member of another tribe, and others determined their tribe from the locality which they left at the Exile. ...
In the NT we have few allusions to any of the Tribes, with the exception of Judah and Benjamin, which were always more or less closely associated. ...
In NT times the conception seems to have been general that Israel even at that date still consisted of twelve Tribes. Thus in Acts 26:7 Paul, in addressing king Agrippa, uses the phrase ‘our twelve Tribes’ as synonymous with ‘Israel. ’ But just as the term ‘Israel’ came to be employed in a spiritual and Christian sense as the true people of God, so the expression ‘twelve Tribes’ is used to signify Christian believers generally. Thus James (James 1:1) addresses his Epistle to ‘the twelve Tribes which are scattered abroad. We are told that one hundred and forty and four thousand of ‘all the Tribes of the children of Israel’ are sealed, and then follows a list of twelve Tribes each furnishing twelve thousand. The Tribes enumerated are Judah, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin. Probably, in spite of all difficulties, the same persons are indicated in both passages, and neither the numbering of the sealed nor the reference to the various Tribes of Israel is to be taken literally
Celtic - ) Of or pertaining to the Celts; as, Celtic people, Tribes, literature, tongue
Coenogamy - ) The state of a community which permits promiscuous sexual intercourse among its members; - as in certain primitive Tribes or communistic societies
Almodad - ” Grandson of Eber and ancestor of Arabian Tribes (Genesis 10:25-26 )
Knobkerrie - ) A short club with a knobbed end used as a missile weapon by Kafir and other native Tribes of South Africa
Indians, Spokan - The Washington Tribes were gathered upon the Colville reservation in 1872. The Idaho Tribes are associated with the Coeur d'Alene, and are all Catholics, while at Colville the Lower Band is Protestant
Spokan Indians - The Washington Tribes were gathered upon the Colville reservation in 1872. The Idaho Tribes are associated with the Coeur d'Alene, and are all Catholics, while at Colville the Lower Band is Protestant
Manitu - ) A name given by Tribes of American Indians to a great spirit, whether good or evil, or to any object of worship
Tribes, the Twelve - All these continued the same after the division of the ten Tribes, and notwithstanding the separation. Though the ten Tribes were dispersed, and as men think 'lost,' Paul spoke of the twelve Tribes constantly serving God in his day; and James addressed the twelve Tribes in his epistle. In the New Jerusalem the names of the twelve Tribes will be written on the twelve gates. ...
In seven passages a list of the twelve Tribes is given, but the order of the names varies in each, for which there is doubtless a divine reason. When Moses blessed the twelve Tribes Simeon was omitted. In Revelation 7 , where the Tribes are sealed for blessing, Dan is omitted, as being a type of Antichrist: Ephraim is also omitted, the number being made up by inserting Levi and by Joseph being mentioned as well as Manasseh. In Numbers 1 there are two lists of the Tribes: one, the heads of the Tribes, as given in the following table; the other, when the Tribes were numbered, the only difference in the order of the names being that in the latter Gad comes before Judah. Tribes Chosen Moses Land
Tribe - Galilee comprised the territories allotted in OT times to the Tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali (Matthew 4:13; Matthew 4:15). The promise to the Twelve Apostles that they should judge the twelve Tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28 || Luke 22:30) may be regarded as an instance of the way in which Jesus sometimes expressed His teaching in the language of popular apocalyptic conceptions of the Kingdom of God (cf. Less probable is the explanation of Weiss, that ‘their judging the twelve Tribes is only the reverse side of their being sent to the twelve Tribes, which are exposed to judgment just because the offer of salvation was made to them through the Apostles’ (NT Theol
Elisheba - By marrying Aaron (Exodus 6:23) she connected the royal and priestly Tribes
Dakotas - pl) An extensive race or stock of Indians, including many Tribes, mostly dwelling west of the Mississippi River; - also, in part, called Sioux
Samaritan - Pertaining to Samaria, the principal city of the ten Tribes of Israel, belonging to the tribe of Ephraim, and after the captivity of those Tribes, repeopled by Cuthites from Assyria or Chaldea
Israel - The twelve sons of Jacob became the heads of the twelve Tribes, and they and their descendants were called the children of Israel, or simply Israel. At the division of the kingdom, the ten Tribes were called 'Israel,' and the two Tribes 'Judah,' though this distinction is not at all times rigidly adhered to: thus the princes and kings of Judah are called princes of Israel, and kings of Israel. So those who returned from exile, though they were in the main of the two Tribes, are called people of Israel, or Israel. In the prophets also, though the ten Tribes are not called Judah, the two Tribes are at times called Israel. The ten Tribes in the prophets are often spoken of as EPHRAIM, which was the chief of the ten. Though Israel was reckoned as ten Tribes, it is most probable that the portion of Simeon, being situated on the extreme south, was united to Judah, as well as the territory of Dan in the S. , though the people of Simeon may have scattered themselves among the other Tribes, and those of Dan have gone north and joined their tribe there. 740 the two and a half Tribes east of the Jordan were carried into captivity, and Israel became tributary to Assyria. Jews from those districts were present on the day of Pentecost; but as a body they are still commonly regarded as 'the Lost Tribes. The twelve Tribes surely exist, and remnants of them will again come into the land. ...
The ten Tribes will be dealt with differently from the two, who were in the land when the Lord was presented to them, and who rejected Him, and demanded His crucifixion. The ten Tribes will, by a mighty hand and with fury poured out, be brought into the wilderness, and there God will plead with them, cause them to pass under the rod, and bring them into the bond of the covenant; but the rebels will be purged out. When God thus purges and restores a remnant of all the Tribes, and brings them into full blessing in the land, the name of ISRAEL will embrace them all as it did at the first, and God will be their God for evermore
Sheleph - ” Son of Joktan and original ancestor of Yemenite Tribes living near Aden (Genesis 10:26 )
Naphtali - (a) Son of Jacob and Bilhah, sixth of the Twelve Tribes
Couvade - ) A custom, among certain barbarous Tribes, that when a woman gives birth to a child her husband takes to his bed, as if ill
Sephar - "A mountain of the East," a boundary of the Joktanite Tribes, Genesis 10:30
Assegai - ) A spear used by Tribes in South Africa as a missile and for stabbing, a kind of light javelin
Creeks - ) A tribe or confederacy of North American Indians, including the Muskogees, Seminoles, Uchees, and other subordinate Tribes
Moros - ) The Mohammedan Tribes of the southern Philippine Islands, said to have formerly migrated from Borneo
Timna - A secondary wife of Eliphaz the son Esau, a name which recurs in the records of the Idumaena Tribes, Genesis 36:12,22,40 ; 1 Chronicles 1:36,51
di'Naites, - (Ezra 4:9 ) the name of some of the Cuthaean colonists who were placed in the cities of Samaria after the captivity of the ten Tribes
Algonquian - ) Pertaining to or designating the most extensive of the linguistic families of North American Indians, their territory formerly including practically all of Canada east of the 115th meridian and south of Hudson's Bay and the part of the United States east of the Mississippi and north of Tennessee and Virginia, with the exception of the territory occupied by the northern Iroquoian Tribes. There are nearly 100,000 Indians of the Algonquian Tribes, of which the strongest are the Ojibwas (Chippewas), Ottawas, Crees, Algonquins, Micmacs, and Blackfeet
Medan - The Keturahites early merged into the Ishmaelite Tribes
Shibboleth - The Tribes living on the east of Jordan, separated from their brethren on the west by the deep ravines and the rapid river, gradually came to adopt peculiar customs, and from mixing largely with the Moabites, Ishmaelites, and Ammonites to pronounce certain letters in such a manner as to distinguish them from the other Tribes. They said "sibboleth," as the word was pronounced by the Tribes on the west, and thus they were detected (Judges 12:1-6 )
Ed - " After the division of the Promised Land, the Tribes of Reuben and Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh, on returning to their own settlements on the east of Jordan (Joshua 22:1-6 ), erected a great altar, which they affirmed, in answer to the challenge of the other Tribes, was not for sacrifice, but only as a witness ('Ed) or testimony to future generations that they still retained the same interest in the nation as the other Tribes
Nebaioth - In Genesis 25:13 (= 1 Chronicles 1:29 ) Nebaioth is the eldest son of Ishmael ; also the representative of the Ishmaelite Tribes in Genesis 28:9 ; Genesis 36:3 . The people of Nebaioth have an important place among the Arabian Tribes subdued by Ashurbanipal of Assyria, named by him along with the people of Kedar (wh. 650) that they come into prominence among the competing Tribes of the peninsula a position which they retained for centuries. Their exact location cannot be definitely determined, but the inscriptions tell us that they were very remote from Assyria, and their place at the head of the Tribes of Ishmael, as well as their affiliation with the Edomites ( Genesis 28:1-22 ; Genesis 36:1-43 ), makes it probable that they were well known to the Hebrews
Nasi - (a) in Biblical times, the head of any one of the twelve Tribes; (b) in later generations, the and/or spiritual head of the Jewish community at large...
Edda - ) The religious or mythological book of the old Scandinavian Tribes of German origin, containing two collections of Sagas (legends, myths) of the old northern gods and heroes
Elisheba - She was of the tribe of Judah, and her marriage with Aaron united the priestly and royal Tribes
Berothah - Place mentioned as a north border of the land when it will again be inhabited by the twelve Tribes
Ara'Bians - the nomadic Tribes inhabiting the country to the east and south of Palestine, who in the early times of Hebrew history were known as Ishmaelites and descendants of Keturah
Basutos - ) A warlike South African people of the Bantu stock, divided into many Tribes, subject to the English
Bretwalda - ) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo-Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British Tribes
Extermination - ) The act of exterminating; total destruction; eradication; excision; as, the extermination of inhabitants or Tribes, of error or vice, or of weeds from a field
Chis'Lon - (confidence ), father of Elidad, the prince of the tribe of Benjamin chosen to assist in the division of the land of Canaan among the Tribes
Zebulun - The tribe hosted the other Tribes with religious festivals at Mount Tabor (Deuteronomy 33:18-19 ). See Israel ; Palestine ; Tribes
Camp - During their journeys across the wilderness, the twelve Tribes formed encampments at the different places where they halted (Exodus 16:13 ; Numbers 2:3 ). The diagram here given shows the position of the different Tribes and the form of the encampment during the wanderings, according to Numbers 1:53 ; 2:2-31 ; 3:29,35,38 ; 10:13-28
Elidad - Whom God has loved, son of Chislon, and chief of the tribe of Benjamin; one of those who were appointed to divide the Promised Land among the Tribes (Numbers 34:21 )
Galatian - (Guh lay' shuhn) Specifically, a member of the Celtic or Galli Tribes which invaded and settled Galatia, but more generally any resident of the territory or province of Galatia
Jetur - His descendants were defeated by the Tribes who dwelt on the east of the Jordan
Amraphel - With three other petty kings, he made war upon the Tribes around the Dead Sea, and the cities of the plain, Genesis 14:1
Dehavites - Heathen colonists placed in Samaria on the captivity of the ten Tribes
Zebulun - Tenth of the Twelve Tribes
Assyria - Assyria: An ancient empire located in modern-day northern Iraq, Assyria becomes prominent in Jewish history in the sixth century BCE when the Assyrians dominated the Mediterranean region and exiled the ten Tribes
Tai - ) A member of one of the Tribes of the Tai stock
Reuben - This meant that Joseph received the right to have two Tribes (which were descended from his sons, Ephraim and Manasseh) (Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:3-4; 1 Chronicles 5:1-2). ...
When the Israelites conquered and divided Canaan in the time of Joshua, the Tribes of Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh settled east of the Jordan River in territory taken from the Amorites (Numbers 21:11-35; Joshua 13:8-12). ) Reuben was the most southern of the eastern Tribes, occupying land that originally belonged to Moab (that is, before Moab lost it to the Amorites) (Numbers 21:26; Joshua 13:15-23). )...
The reason the two and a half Tribes asked for this area was that it had good pasture lands and they had large flocks and herds (Numbers 32:1-5; Numbers 32:33). But their situation east of Jordan separated them from the other Tribes, and at times led to tension and misunderstanding (Joshua 22; Judges 5:16-17)
Manasses - (Hebrew: he that causes to forget) ...
One of the twelve Tribes of Israel. At the time of the census taken in the Desert of Sinai, the tribe numbered 32,200 men "that were able to go forth to war" (Numbers 1), the smallest number among all the Tribes; but at the second census, taken in the Plains of Moab, 52,700 men "twenty years old and upward" are recorded (Numbers 26)
Mission, Sarayacu - Chief Franciscan mission of the Ucayali river country in northeastern Peru, established in 1791 by Father Narciso Girbal, his first colonists being some Setebos who were joined later by other Tribes. Under Father Plaza a good-sized town was built with separate sections for different, Tribes, as Pano, Omagua, and Yameo, who used the Pano tongue for intercommunication
Quichuan - ) Designating, or pertaining to, a linguistic stock of South American Indians, including the majority of the civilized Tribes of the ancient Peruvian Empire with some wild Tribes never subjugated by the Incas
Rachel - Matthew 2:18 , have put Rachel for the Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the children of Joseph, the son of Rachel. This prophecy was completed when these two Tribes were carried into captivity beyond the Euphrates; and St
Asher - One of the twelve Tribes (see Tribes)
Sarayacu Mission - Chief Franciscan mission of the Ucayali river country in northeastern Peru, established in 1791 by Father Narciso Girbal, his first colonists being some Setebos who were joined later by other Tribes. Under Father Plaza a good-sized town was built with separate sections for different, Tribes, as Pano, Omagua, and Yameo, who used the Pano tongue for intercommunication
Dehavites - Villagers, one of the Assyrian Tribes which Asnapper sent to repopulate Samaria (Ezra 4:9 )
Azzan - ” Father of representative of tribe of Issachar in assigning territorial lots to the Tribes after God gave Israel the Promised Land (Numbers 34:26 )
Khond - ) A Dravidian of a group of Tribes of Orissa, India, a section of whom were formerly noted for their cruel human sacrifices to the earth goddess, murder of female infants, and marriage by capture
Kolushan - to, a linguistic stock of North American Indians comprising the Tlinkit Tribes of the Alexander Archipelago of southeastern Alaska and adjacent coast lands
Leviratical - ) Of, pertaining to, or in accordance with, a law of the ancient Israelites and other Tribes and races, according to which a woman, whose husband died without issue, was married to the husband's brother
Klamaths - ) A collective name for the Indians of several Tribes formerly living along the Klamath river, in California and Oregon, but now restricted to a reservation at Klamath Lake; - called also Clamets and Hamati
Rancheria - ) Formerly, in the Philippines, a political division of the pagan Tribes
Uzal - A wanderer, a descendant of Joktan (Genesis 10:27 ; 1 Chronicles 1:21 ), the founder apparently of one of the Arab Tribes; the name also probably of the province they occupied and of their chief city
Wikiup - ) The hut used by the nomadic Indian Tribes of the arid regions of the west and southwest United States, typically elliptical in form, with a rough frame covered with reed mats or grass or brushwood
Benjamin - (a) (1553-1438 BCE) Son of Jacob and Rachel, youngest of the Twelve Tribes
Joktan - Kahtan) was the progenitor of all the purest Tribes of Central and Southern Arabia
Nephilim - (Genesis 6:4 ; Numbers 13:33 , RSV), giants, the Hebrew word left untranslated by the Revisers, the name of one of the Canaanitish Tribes
Kayak - It is peculiar to the Eskimos and other Arctic Tribes
Pedahel - ” Leader of the tribe of Naphtali whom Moses appointed to assist Joshua and Eliezer in the distribution of land to the Tribes living west of the Jordan (Numbers 34:28 )
Pal-ti-el - ( Numbers 34:26 ) He was one of the twelve appointed to divide the land of Canaan among the Tribes west of Jordan
Amorites - A Syrian tribe descended from Canaan, and among the most formidable of the Tribes with whom the Israelites contended. The Amorites collected and attempted to oppose their progress, but were totally defeated, and their territory taken and divided between the Tribes of Reuben and Gad
Beth-Hoglah - ” Border city between Tribes of Judah and Benjamin (Joshua 15:6 ; Joshua 18:19 ,Joshua 18:19,18:21 )
Turanians - ) A group of races or Tribes inhabiting Asia and closely related to the Mongols
Choctaws - They are now one of the civilized Tribes of the Indian Territory
Jokshan - ” Son of Abraham by Keturah and ancestor of Arabian Tribes in wilderness east of Jordan (Genesis 25:2-3 )
Hanniel - Representative of tribe of Manasseh on council which helped Joshua and Eleazar divide the land among the Tribes (Numbers 34:23 )
Simeon - (a) (1567-1447 BCE) Second son of Jacob and Leah, second of the Twelve Tribes
Cherokees - They are now mostly settled in the Indian Territory, and have become one of the most civilized of the Indian Tribes
Ancestor Worship - It is practised among the American Indians, Iranians, Japanese, Chinese, Hindus, Polynesians, Fijians, Zulus and other African Tribes
Utes - They are subdivided into several subordinate Tribes, some of which are among the most degraded of North American Indians
de'Havites, - 125) among the nomadic Tribes of Persia
Joktan - He was original ancestor of several Tribes in the Arabian desert, particularly in Jemin
Zem'Arite, the, - one of the Hamite Tribes who in the genealogical table of (Genesis 10:18 ) and 1 Chronicles 1:16 Are represented as "sons of Canaan
Shinar, the Land of - Shinar was apparently first peopled by Turanian Tribes, who tilled the land and made bricks and built cities. Then Tribes of Semites invaded the land and settled in it, and became its rulers
Chushan Rishathaim - he was king of the Syrian country about Haran, the region between the Euphrates and the Khabour, held by the Nairi, divided into petty Tribes, as Assyria had not at this time extended her dominion to the Euphrates. Chushan Rishathaim, a chieftain, probably had established a temporary dominion over the petty Tribes of Mesopotamia, which ceased long before Assyria marched there
Eber - The line of descent through Joktan produced many of the Arab Tribes (Genesis 10:26-30), and the line through Peleg produced those Tribes of Mesopotamia to which Abraham belonged (Genesis 11:16-26)
Juda, Tribe of - The largest of the Tribes of Israel
Genesis - the Book of: The first of the Five Books of Moses, relates the story of creation and Noah's Flood, and describes the lives and deeds of the Patriarchs, Matriarchs, and the Twelve Tribes
Elpaal - Hushim was the name of a Danite family, so that the two Tribes must have intermarried (1 Chronicles 8:11-18)
Asshurim - The Asshurim, Letushim, Leummim ( Genesis 25:3 ) were Arabian Tribes, supposed to be descended from Abraham and Keturah through Dedan
Gidom - The limit of the pursuit of Benjamin by the other Tribes ( Judges 21:15 )
Jeruel - It was here that Jehoshaphat encountered a great host of the children of Moab, Ammon, and other trans-Jordanic Tribes ( 2 Chronicles 20:16 )
Tribe of Juda - The largest of the Tribes of Israel
Pueblo - ) A communistic building erected by certain Indian Tribes of Arizona and New Mexico
Pagan - ) Of or pertaining to pagans; relating to the worship or the worshipers of false goods; heathen; idolatrous, as, pagan Tribes or superstitions
Levi - (a) (1567-1429 BCE) Third son of Jacob and Leah, third of the Twelve Tribes
Hagarene - " ...
...
In the reign of Saul a great war was waged between the trans-Jordanic Tribes and the Hagarites (1 Chronicles 5 ), who were overcome in battle. A great booty was captured by the two Tribes and a half, and they took possession of the land of the Hagarites
Tribe - 1: φυλή (Strong's #5443 — Noun Feminine — phule — foo-lay' ) "a company of people united by kinship or habitation, a clan, tribe," is used (a) of the peoples of the earth, Matthew 24:30 ; in the following the RV has "tribe(-s)" for AV, "kindred(-s)," Revelation 1:7 ; 5:9 ; 7:9 ; 11:9 ; 13:7 ; 14:6 (b) of the "tribes" of Israel, Matthew 19:28 ; Luke 2:36 ; 22:30 ; Acts 13:21 ; Romans 11:1 ; Philippians 3:5 ; Hebrews 7:13,14 ; James 1:1 ; Revelation 5:5 ; 7:4-8 ; 21:12 . ...
2: δωδεκάφυλον (Strong's #1429 — Noun Neuter — dodekaphulos — do-dek-af'-oo-lon ) an adjective signifying "of twelve Tribes" (dodeka, "twelve," and No
Dedan - Both were founders of Tribes frequently named in Scripture. It is not clear, in all cases where the name occurs, which of the Tribes is intended
Asher, Aser - ' His posterity formed one of the twelve Tribes. When Moses ordained that certain of the Tribes should stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people, and certain others on Mount Ebal to curse, Asher was one of those chosen to stand on the latter. And when Moses blessed the Tribes before he died, he said of Asher, "Let Asher be blessed with children; let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil. At the secession of the ten Tribes Asher became a part of Israel, and very little more is heard of this tribe. ...
When numbered at Sinai there were 41,500 able to go forth to war, and when near the promised land they were 53,400; but when the rulers of the Tribes are mentioned in the time of David, Asher is omitted. Asher is one of the Tribes still to come into blessing, and have a portion in the land. See THE TWELVE Tribes...
Benjamin - ...
Benjamin was the smallest of the Tribes except Manasseh in the numbering of Numbers 1:37 ; Numbers 2:22,23 . In Psalm 68:27 it is called 'little Benjamin;' but in the numbering before entering the land Benjamin exceeded in number four of the other Tribes. In Nehemiah 11:4-365 , where Moses prophesied of the Tribes, he said of Benjamin, "The beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by him; and the Lord shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders. " So in the blessings of Psalm 68:27 Benjamin is the first named of the four Tribes; and in Psalm 80:2 , where God is called upon to save them, Benjamin is mentioned with Ephraim and Manasseh, being the three Tribes which followed the ark. The two Tribes were constantly spoken of as 'Judah,' whereas the ten Tribes were called 'Israel
Benjamin - ...
Benjamin was the smallest of the Tribes except Manasseh in the numbering of Numbers 1:37 ; Numbers 2:22,23 . In Psalm 68:27 it is called 'little Benjamin;' but in the numbering before entering the land Benjamin exceeded in number four of the other Tribes. In Deuteronomy 33:12 , where Moses prophesied of the Tribes, he said of Benjamin, "The beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by him; and the Lord shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders. " So in the blessings of Psalm 68:27 Benjamin is the first named of the four Tribes; and in Psalm 80:2 , where God is called upon to save them, Benjamin is mentioned with Ephraim and Manasseh, being the three Tribes which followed the ark. The two Tribes were constantly spoken of as 'Judah,' whereas the ten Tribes were called 'Israel
Zebulun - For they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand,"...
Deuteronomy 33:18 ; meaning, that these two Tribes being at the greatest distance north, should come together to the temple at Jerusalem, to the holy mountain, and should bring with them such of the other Tribes as dwelt in their way; and that being situated on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, they should apply themselves to trade and navigation, and to the melting of metals and glass, denoted by those words, "treasures hid in the sand. The Tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali distinguished themselves in the war of Barak and Deborah against Sisera, the general of the armies of Jabin, Judges 4:5-6 ; Judges 4:10 ; Judges 5:14 ; Judges 5:18 . It is thought these Tribes were the first carried into captivity beyond the Euphrates by Pul and Tiglath Pileser, kings of Assyria, 1 Chronicles 5:26 . They had also the advantage of hearing and seeing Jesus Christ in their country, oftener and longer than any other of the twelve Tribes, Isaiah 9:1 ; Matthew 4:13 ; Matthew 4:15
Meade, John - He changed his name on being adopted by a Portuguese family whom he accompanied to Brazil, where he became a Jesuit and spent his life in missionary labors among Indian cannibal Tribes
Debbora - Hebrew prophetess, wife of Lapidoth, highly venerated by the divided Israelite Tribes, among whom she acted as judge
Minni - The Minni are among the Tribes summoned to punish the wickedness of Babylon
Elder - ‘Elder’ preserves better than ‘presbyter’ the history of the title, which goes back to the fact that Tribes wore governed by the heads of their component families
Pawnees - The term is often used in a wider sense to include also the related Tribes of Rickarees and Wichitas
Almeida, John - He changed his name on being adopted by a Portuguese family whom he accompanied to Brazil, where he became a Jesuit and spent his life in missionary labors among Indian cannibal Tribes
Aboriginal - ) First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the aboriginal Tribes of America
Hagarenes - A people dwelling to the east of Palestine, with whom the Tribes of Reuben made war in the time of Saul
Eglon - A king of Moab, who, with the help of Ammon and Amalek, subdued the southern and eastern Tribes of the Jews
Canaanite - a member of any of the Tribes who inhabited Canaan at the time of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
Zemarite - The designation of one of the Phoenician Tribes (Genesis 10:18 ) who inhabited the town of Sumra, at the western base of the Lebanon range
Karkor - of Jordan, in the open region of the nomadic Tribes
Bilhah - See Patriarchs; Tribes of Israel
Gidom - ” Place where Tribes of Israel punished tribe of Benjamin by killing 2,000 of Benjamin's soldiers (Judges 20:45 ) for grossly mistreating a traveling Levite and his concubine
She'Bam - (fragrance ), one of the towns in the pastoral district on the east of Jordan; demanded by and finally ceded to the Tribes of Reuben and Gad
Samlah - From separate cities being assigned to most of the Edomite kings it is supposed Edom was a confederacy of Tribes, and the chief city of the reigning tribe was capital of the whole
Ordeal - ) An ancient form of test to determine guilt or innocence, by appealing to a supernatural decision, - once common in Europe, and still practiced in the East and by savage Tribes
Turk - ) A member of any of numerous Tartar Tribes of Central Asia, etc
Horites or Horim - They are supposed to have lived in caves, like the men referred to in Job 30:6 , and to have been divided into several Tribes, Genesis 36:20-30
Catholic Indian Missions of the United States - From the discovery of the western continent, the conversion of the American Tribes was a subject of deep concern to Catholic France and Spain. ...
SOUTHEASTERN STATES (Virginia to Alabama inclusive) The first attempt to evangelize the Florida Tribes was made in 1549 at Tampa Bay and resulted in the death of the first missionary martyrs, the Dominicans Luis Cancer and companions. Many of these Indians migrated to Canada but the work continued and the two Tribes are now entirely Catholic. ...
NEW YQRK and PENNSYLVANIA The hostility of the five Iroquois Tribes to the French made permanent missions impossible in New York State and resulted in wholesale torture and martyrdom of the Jesuits (1642-1653). The first Iroquois mission was finally established at Onondaga in 1654, and in 1668 work was begun in each of the Tribes, but later missions in the 18th century were continually disturbed by war. ...
OHIO RIVER and LAKE REGION In 1660,1674, 1727, missions were established by Jesuits among the various Tribes in Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, and Illinois, and flourished until the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1764 and the removal of the Tribes in 1820 to 1840. ...
THE COLUMBIA REGION The Tribes of this district first received knowledge of Christianity in 1820. Missions were established in Idaho by Jesuits (1841), in Washington and Oregon by seculars (1839), and later among the Upper Columbian Tribes by Oblates
Asher - Of the tribe founded by him nothing is recorded beyond its holding a place in the list of the Tribes (35:26; 46:17; Exodus 1:4 , etc. Asher and Simeon were the only Tribes west of the Jordan which furnished no hero or judge for the nation
Reuben, Tribe of - The lot assigned to Reuben was the smallest of the lots given to the trans-Jordanic Tribes. Reuben is "to the eastern Tribes what Simeon is to the western. All the three Tribes on the east of Jordan at length fell into complete apostasy, and the time of retribution came. God "stirred up the spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria," to carry them away, the first of the Tribes, into captivity (1 Chronicles 5:25,26 )
Dan - In the original division of Canaan, Dan received its tribal portion on the Philistine coast between Judah and Ephraim (Joshua 19:40-48; Judges 5:17; Judges 13:1-2; Judges 14:1; Judges 16:23; for map see Tribes). ...
Besides being squeezed between Israel’s two most powerful Tribes, the Danites were pushed back from the coast by the Philistines and the Amorites. When the nation was split in two after the death of Solomon, the southern Tribes of Judah and Benjamin were separated from the northern Tribes, who still called themselves Israel
Asnapper - The Assyrian king or satrap, under whose direction the territory of the ten Tribes was peopled by emigrants from beyond the Euphrates, 2 Kings 17:24 ; Ezra 4:10
ti'Dal - ) He is called "king of nations," from which we may conclude that he was a chief over various nomadic Tribes who inhabited different portions of Mesopotamia at different seasons of the year, as do the Arabs at the present day
Bukki - Representative of tribe of Dan on commission to distribute the Promised Land among the Tribes (Numbers 34:22 )
Zephath - Following their destruction of the city, the Tribes of Judah and Simeon renamed the site Hormah (Judges 1:17 )
Ahihud - A leader of the tribe of Asher who helped divide the Promised Land among the Tribes (Numbers 34:27 )
Tupian - to, a linguistic stock of South American Indians comprising the most important Brazilian Tribes
Midden - ) An accumulation of refuse about a dwelling place; especially, an accumulation of shells or of cinders, bones, and other refuse on the supposed site of the dwelling places of prehistoric Tribes, - as on the shores of the Baltic Sea and in many other places
Dan - The tribe of Dan was, however, numerous: at the Exodus there were 62,700 fighting men, exceeding all the Tribes except Judah; and at the second numbering they had increased to 64,400. Dan was not conspicuous among the Tribes, but Aholiab, who helped Bezaleel in the work of the tabernacle, was of the tribe, Exodus 31:6 ; and Samson also. ...
When Jacob blessed his sons he said, "Dan shall judge his people, as one of the Tribes of Israel. This thought is confirmed by Dan's name being absent from 1 Chronicles 2 - 8 (the book that records much of grace and blessing), and being omitted also from the list of Tribes from each of which twelve thousand will be sealed in a future day. Still God's promises to the twelve Tribes will be kept, and the tribe of Dan will have its portion in the land as prophesied in Ezekiel 48:1,2,32
Reuben - (a) (1568-1443 BCE) Son of Jacob and Leah, eldest of the Twelve Tribes
Daberath - Probably it was on the border between the two Tribes
Fetish - ) A material object supposed among certain African Tribes to represent in such a way, or to be so connected with, a supernatural being, that the possession of it gives to the possessor power to control that being
Hagarenes, Hagarites - People in Arabia on whom the two and a half Tribes made war
Paltiel - Leader of Issachar whom Moses appointed to assist Joshua and Eliezer in distribution of land to the Tribes west of the Jordan (Numbers 34:26 )
Camp And Encamp - Three Tribes lay to the east, Judah the chief, and Issachar and Zebulun. On the south were three other Tribes—Reuben, Simeon, and Gad. The Tribes of Joseph's house lay to the west—Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin
Rehoboam - The northern Tribes revolted and made the rebel Jeroboam their king. Rehoboam was left with only the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin
Tabor - It served as a boundary point for the Tribes of Naphtali,...
Issachar, and Zebulun (Joshua 19:12 ,Joshua 19:12,19:22 ), where the Tribes worshiped early (Deuteronomy 33:18-19 )
Tiras - ) Thracian Tribes occupied most of northern and central Asia Minor originally. Tiras follows Meshech in the genealogy, just as the Thracian Tribes of Asia Minor adjoined the Moschi toward the W
Prince, Princess - ' It is applied to 'the princes of the congregation': these would be the heads of families in the various Tribes. sar , 'to bear rule,' hence applied to the head men in the Tribes, 'chief of the fathers'; and to the satraps in the Persian empire
Captivities of Israel - In the year of the world 3264, Tiglath- pileser took several cities, and carried away captives, principally from the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, 2 Kings 15:29 . In the year of the world 3283, Shalmaneser took and destroyed Samaria, after a siege of three years, and transplanted the Tribes that had been spared by Tiglath-pileser, to provinces beyond the Euphrates, 2 Kings 18:10-11 . It is generally believed, there was no return of the ten Tribes from this second captivity. In the historical books of Scripture, we find that Israelites of the ten Tribes, as well as of Judah and Benjamin, returned from the captivity. When Ezra numbered those who returned from the captivity, he only inquired whether they were of the race of Israel; and at the first passover which was then celebrated in the temple, was a sacrifice of twelve he-goats for the whole house of Israel, according to the number of the Tribes, Ezra 6:16-17 ; Ezra 8:35 . Under the Maccabees, and in our Saviour's time, we see Palestine peopled by Israelites of all the Tribes indifferently
Lud - ...
...
One of the Hamitic Tribes descended from Mizraim (Genesis 10:13 ), a people of Africa (Ezekiel 27:10 ; 30:5 ), on the west of Egypt
Indians, Loucheux - (French: loucheur, squinter) ...
A group of closely related Dene Tribes, called also Kutchin and Tukkuthkutchin, found in northwestern Canada and Alaska
Hazo - The twelve sons of Nahor apparently represented a closely-associated group of Tribes
Loucheux Indians - (French: loucheur, squinter) ...
A group of closely related Dene Tribes, called also Kutchin and Tukkuthkutchin, found in northwestern Canada and Alaska
Raama(h) - (ray' uh maw) Son of Cush (Genesis 10:7 ) and ancestor of Sheba and Dedan Arab Tribes occupying southwest and west-central Arabia (1 Chronicles 1:9 )
Scyth'Ian - The name often included all the nomadic Tribes, who dwelt mostly on the north of the Black and the Caspian Sea, stretching thence indefinitely into inner Asia, and were regarded by the ancients as standing extremely low In point of intelligence and civilization
Amalecites - One of the fiercest of Bedouin Tribes, probably of Arabian origin, living within the borders of Palestine
Chica - extracted from the Bignonia Chica, used by some Tribes of South American Indians to stain the skin
Gottschalk, Saint - In the midst of this work some pagan Tribes rebelled and Gottschalk was martyred
Manasseh - His grandfather Jacob elevated him and his brother Ephraim to the status of progenitors of Tribes within the nation of Israel
Yunca - ) An Indian of a linguistic stock of Tribes of the Peruvian coast who had a developed agricultural civilization at the advent of the Spaniards, before which they had been conquered by the Incas
Kafir - They inhabit the country north of Cape Colony, the name being now specifically applied to the Tribes living between Cape Colony and Natal; but the Zulus of Natal are true Kaffirs
Keturah - Her sons were the ancestors of many Arabian Tribes
Clan - Several clans formed a tribe, and twelve Tribes formed Israel
Israel - See 1 Corinthians 10:18 ; sometimes all true believers, his spiritual seed, Romans 9:6 ; and sometimes the kingdom of Israel, or the ten Tribes, as distinct from the kingdom of Judah
Bereishit - "in the beginning"); Genesis, the first book of the Pentateuch; the first word of the Torah...
Bereishit: The first of the Five Books of Moses, relates the story of creation and Noah's Flood, and describes the lives and deeds of the Patriarchs, Matriarchs, and the Twelve Tribes
Joshua, Book of - (For a map showing towns that the Israelites conquered and regions that the Israelite Tribes subsequently occupied see JUDGES, BOOK OF. )...
With Canaan now the possession of Israel, Joshua, together with the high priest and the tribal leaders, began the task of dividing the land between the twelve Tribes. The area west of Jordan (Canaan itself) was divided between nine and a half Tribes; the other two and a half Tribes (Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh) received their inheritance in the land east of Jordan that Israel had conquered in the time of Moses (13:1-14:5). Of the area west of Jordan, the largest and best portions went also to two and a half Tribes – Judah (14:6-15:63) and the remainder of the Joseph Tribes, Ephraim and the other half of Manasseh (16:1-17:18). The seven smaller Tribes then received their tribal allotments (18:1-19:51). The Levites, who had no tribal area of their own, were given towns in all the other Tribes (20:1-21:45). ...
Apart from the story of an early misunderstanding between the eastern and western Tribes (22:1-34), nothing more is recorded of the era till the time of Joshua’s final address to the nation many years later (23:1-16)
Mission Indians of California - A name, of no ethnic significance, used to designate the descendants of those Californian Tribes evangelized by the Franciscans in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The Californian Tribes had practically no tribal organization; the chiefs had little authority
Bilhah - These narratives and genealogies probably embody early traditions as to the origin and mutual relations of the Tribes, rather than personal history. Tribes are traced to a concubine ancestress, because they were’ a late accession to Israel
Gideon or Jerubbaal - Of the tribe of Manasseh, a valiant and prudent judge of Israel, particularly the eastern and northern Tribes, B. He resided in Ophrah, east of the Jordan, a region often ravaged in harvest-time by the wandering Tribes on its eastern border
ke'Dar - They appear also to have been, like the wandering Tribes of the present day, "archers" and "mighty men. (Isaiah 42:11 ) The tribe seems to have been one of the most conspicuous of all the Ishmaelite Tribes, and hence the rabbins call the Arabians universally by this name
Jew - This name was properly applied to a member of the kingdom of Judah after the separation of the ten Tribes. The term first makes its appearance just before the captivity of the ten Tribes. The term first makes it appearance just before the captivity of the ten Tribes
Media - If, however, Madai and his immediate descendants did not people this country, some of his posterity might have carried his name thither, since we find it so often given to Media, from the times of the Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah, and from the transportation of the ten Tribes, and the destruction of Samaria under Salmaneser, A. Into this country the ten Tribes who composed the kingdom of Israel were transplanted, in the Assyrian captivity, by Tiglath-pileser and Salmaneser. The former prince carried away the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh, on the east side of Jordan, to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan. His successor carried away the remaining seven Tribes and a half, to the same places, which are said to be "cities of the Medes, by the river of Gozan," 1 Chronicles 5:26 ; 2 Kings 17:6
Zilpah - Tribes of Israel
Ephraim - His grandfather Jacob elevated him and his brother Manasseh to the status of progenitors of Tribes within the nation of Israel
Ashkenaz - One of the three sons of Gomer (Genesis 10:3 ), and founder of one of the Tribes of the Japhetic race
Nahshon - Sorcerer, the son of Aminadab, and prince of the children of Judah at the time of the first numbering of the Tribes in the wilderness (Exodus 6:23 )
Hazarmaveth - The most powerful of the Arab Tribes
Mahalaleel - Ancestor of a postexilic members of the Tribes of Judah (Nehemiah 11:4 )
Yuman - The Yuma, Maricopa, Mohave, Walapi, and Yavapai are among the chief Tribes, all of fine physique
Reuben - This tribe, having much cattle, solicited and obtained from Moses possessions east of the Jordan; by which river it was separated from the main body of Israel: it was, in consequence, exposed to various inroads and oppressions from which the western Tribes were free; and it was among the first carried into captivity by Tiglath-pileser, 1 Chronicles 5:26
Salchah - It was near the border of Gad, 1 Chronicles 5:11 , and where the boundary line between the two Tribes ran out farthest into the desert
Buk'ki - (Ezra 7:4 ) ...
Son of Jogli, prince of the tribe of Dan, one of the ten men chosen to apportion the land of Canaan between the Tribes
Ephraim, the Tribe of - The descendants of Joseph formed two of the Tribes of Israel, whereas each of the other sons of Jacob was the founder of only one tribe. Thus there were in reality thirteen Tribes; but the number twelve was preserved by excluding that of Levi when Ephraim and Manasseh are mentioned separately (Numbers 1:32-34 ; Joshua 17:14,17 ; 1 Chronicles 7:20 ). "For more than five hundred years, a period equal to that which elapsed between the Norman Conquest and the War of the Roses, Ephraim, with its two dependent Tribes of Manasseh and Benjamin, exercised undisputed pre-eminence. Joshua the first conqueror, Gideon the greatest of the judges, and Saul the first king, belonged to one or other of the three Tribes. From the settlement of Canaan till the time of David and Solomon, Ephraim had held the place of honour among the Tribes
Indians, Pueblo - Christianity was first preached to these Tribes by the Franciscans, and the missions flourished until the revolt of the Pueblos in 1680
Jetur - The clan was a part of the Hagerites, probably descendants of Hagar (1 Chronicles 5:19 ), who fought the East Jordan Tribes
Gibbethon - It was in the possession of the Philistines after the secession of the ten Tribes (2 Chronicles 11:13,14 )
Diklah - Arab tradition confirms Genesis 10:26-29 in making Joktan (Kahtan) the great progenitor of all the pure Tribes of central and southern Arabia
Girgashite - Dwelling in clayey soil, the descendants of the fifth son of Canaan (Genesis 10:16 ), one of the original Tribes inhabiting the land of Canaan before the time of the Israelites (Genesis 15:21 ; Deuteronomy 7:1 )
Nebaioth - The "rams of Nebaioth" (Isaiah 60:7 ) are the gifts which these wandering Tribes of the desert would consecrate to God
Aholibamah - From her descended three Tribes of Edomites, founded by her three sons
Elizaphan - Representative of tribe of Zebulun on the council to help Joshua and Eleazar divide the land among the Tribes (Numbers 34:25 )
Breastplate - It was set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes
Bethzur - The city was built or fortified by Rehoboam on the division of the Tribes
Hebronites - On the west of the Jordan Hashabiah and his brethren, 1700 'men of valour,' were officers of Israel; and on the east, Jerijah and his brethren, 2700 'mighty men of valour,' were over the two and a half Tribes
Aser - ...
(2) One of the 12 Tribes of Israel, descended from Aser
Asher - ...
(2) One of the 12 Tribes of Israel, descended from Aser
Sardonyx - Revelation 21:20 (b) The beauty and the value of these stones probably represent the beauty and the value of the nation of Israel (the twelve Tribes) in GOD's program of world development
Obed - a prophet of the Lord, who, being at Samaria when the Israelites of the ten Tribes returned from the war with their King Pekah, together with two hundred thousand of the people of Judah, whom they had taken captive, went out to meet them; and through his remonstrances the captives were liberated, 2 Chronicles 28
Jethro - When the Hebrews were at mount Sinai, he visited Moses, gave him some wise counsel as to the government of the Tribes, and then returned to his own people
Ahijah the shilonite - After Solomon's death, he prophesied that the northern ten Tribes would secede from the Davidic dynasty ruled by the Kings of Judah and crown Jeroboam as their king
Jeshishai - A part of the transjordanic Tribes came temporarily under his dominion in the period of disorder in Israel after the death of Jeroboam II This caused his registration of the Gadites
Tribes of Israel, the - ” The nation in turn was made up of “tribes. ...
Tribal Origins The ancestral background of “the Tribes of Israel” went back to the patriarch Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel. ” According to the biblical account, the family of Jacob, from which the Tribes came, originated in north Syria during Jacob's stay at Haran with Laban his uncle. ...
This family of families or family of Tribes occupied the focal point in the history of the development of Israel as a nation. While there are details of that history that we do not clearly understand and other groups simply referred to as “a mixed multitude” (Exodus 12:38 ) that were perhaps incorporated into the nation, the central focus is always on the “tribes of Israel,” the descendants of Jacob. For that reason lists of the twelve sons of Jacob or of the Tribes appear in several places in the Old Testament, though the lists vary somewhat. Some of the major lists include that of Jacob's blessing of the twelve (Genesis 49:1 ), the review of the households as the period of oppression in Egypt is introduced (Exodus 1:1-10 ), Moses' blessing of the Tribes (Deuteronomy 33:1 ), and the song of Deborah (Judges 5:1 ). ...
The Tribes of Israel Each tribe had its own history in its allotment of land. We know few details about the individual Tribes. ...
In some of the lists of the Tribes of Israel, Reuben is mentioned first (Exodus 1:1-4 ; Numbers 1:5 ), while in other lists Reuben appears further down (Numbers 2:1-11 ). During the journey through the wilderness, the Tribes of Reuben, Simeon, and Gad formed the second unit of the procession with the tribe of Reuben in the lead position (Numbers 10:17-20 ). This cluster of Tribes headed by the tribe of Reuben was next in line after the tabernacle (Numbers 10:17 ). As the Tribes approached the land of Canaan and allotments were made to each tribe, the tribe of Reuben along with Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh occupied the Transjordan, that is the highland plateau region east of the Jordan River (Joshua 13:8-31 ); compare Numbers 32:1 : 1-5,33-42 ). While we know little about the tribe of Reuben during the period of the settlement, the song of Deborah suggests that the tribe was criticized by some of the other Tribes for not taking a more active role in the conquest (Judges 5:15-16 ). ...
In the lists of the Tribes, Simeon is listed in second place, that is, next after Reuben (Exodus 1:2 ; Exodus 6:15 ; Numbers 1:6 ,Numbers 1:6,1:22-23 ; Numbers 13:5 ; Numbers 26:12-14 ). Judah was promised preeminence over the other Tribes in Jacob's blessing (Genesis 49:8-12 ). As the Tribes entered the land, it was Achan of the tribe of Judah who was guilty of taking some of the forbidden booty or loot from Jericho (Joshua 7:1 ). The territory of Jerusalem may have formed something of a barrier between Judah and the Tribes of the north because it was not finally secured until the time of David (2 Samuel 5:6-10 ). The capture of Jerusalem by David paved the way for the Tribes to have a kind of unity they had not previously experienced. During the journey from Mount Sinai to Canaan the tribe of Issachar followed the tribe of Judah, that is, it was a part of the first cluster of Tribes located on the east side of the tabernacle (Numbers 2:5 ). Because the blessing of Moses says that Zebulun and Issachar “call peoples to the mountain;/there they offer the right sacrifices” (Deuteronomy 33:19 NRSV), some have speculated that the two Tribes perhaps had a center of worship on Mount Tabor, a mountain located on the border between the two Tribes. During the period that the Tribes were settling in the land of Canaan, Zebulun apparently went beyond the call of duty in providing support. Two of the Tribes of Israel came from Joseph, namely, Ephraim and Manasseh . That Ephraim played a major leadership role among the Tribes is reflected in the tribal history. Samuel, the leader of the Tribes (1 Samuel 7:15-17 ) near the end of the period of the Judges and just prior to the beginning of the kinship, came from Ephraim (1 Samuel 1:1-20 ). , it was an Ephraimite named Jeroboam who led the northern Tribes in their plea for leniency (1 Kings 12:1-5 ). When Rehoboam rejected their plea, the northern Tribes broke their ties with the south, formed a separate kingdom (1 Kings 12:16-19 ), and selected Jeroboam as their king (1 Kings 12:20 ). Therefore, the Tribes of Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh formed a special group. While Asher occupied choice territory (Genesis 49:20 ), it apparently was reproached and perhaps failed to gain the respect of some of the other Tribes (Judges 5:17 ). ...
Conclusion While discussion and research will continue concerning the history of the Tribes and the territory they occupied, the tribal period will always be recognized as an important though enigmatic period in the development of the history of Israel
Judah, the Kingdom of - On the separation of the ten Tribes, Judah and Benjamin formed a kingdom under the name of Judah. It was not named when Moses blessed the Tribes. It could not however be called the kingdom of Judah; only a remnant of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin returned. The children of Israel inhabiting Judaea in those days were the descendants of Judah and Benjamin (except any individuals who may have found their way thither from the ten Tribes). They continued their persecution in the times of the apostles, and they will be dealt with separately from the ten Tribes: cf
Tinneh - They form three groups: the Southern, composed of the Apaches, the Navajo, and several Mexican Tribes; the Pacific Denes of Washington, Oregon, and California; and the Northern, the most important, to which the Loucheux, Chippewayans, Montagnais, Sekanais, Babines, and Nahanais belong. Originally, the Dene Tribes lived by hunting and fishing; most of the hard work was done by the women, who had a low place
Shibboleth - This incident should mot be passed over without observing, that it affords proof of dialectical variations among the Tribes of the same nation, and speaking the same language, in those early days. There can be no wonder, therefore, if we find in later ages the same word written different ways, according to the pronunciation of different Tribes
Army - In the conquest Joshua led the Tribes of Israel into battle after being commissioned by the “captain of the host of the Lord” (Joshua 5:14 ). At times Tribes joined together to take territory (Judges 1:3 ; Judges 4:6 ). ...
Deborah summoned many of the Tribes to battle, but some did not answer (Judges 5:1 ). Other judges summoned clans (Judges 6:34 ) and Tribes (Judges 6:35 ; Judges 7:29 )
Indians, Illinois - Important confederation of Algonquian Tribes formerly occupying Illinois with portions of adjacent states, numbering from 8000-10,000
Carmelites - One of the four Tribes of Mendicants, or begging friars; so named from Mount Carmel, formerly inhabited by Elias, Elisha, and the children of the prophets; from whom this order pretends to descend in uninterrupted succession
Illinois Indians - Important confederation of Algonquian Tribes formerly occupying Illinois with portions of adjacent states, numbering from 8000-10,000
She'ba - The occasion seized by Sheba was the emulation between the northern and southern Tribes on David's return
Charger - The silver vessels given by the heads of the Tribes for the services of the tabernacle are so named (Numbers 7:13 , etc
Kemuel - The son of Shiphtan and representative of Ephraim in the division of Canaan among the Tribes of Israel (Numbers 34:24 )
Sihon - The Tribes of Reuben and Gad settled in the area formerly held by Sihon, just east of the Jordan River
Ephod - The two parts were clasped together on the shoulders with two onyx stones, on each of which were engraved the names of six Tribes; it was probably held in place by the girdle
Tlinkit - ) The Indians of a seafaring group of Tribes of southern Alaska comprising the Koluschan stock
She'ba - The occasion seized by Sheba was the emulation between the northern and southern Tribes on David's return
Egbert, Saint - He was instrumental in sending missionaries to the pagan Tribes of Friesland
Scythians - Wandering Tribes in the immense regions north and northeast of the Black and Caspian Seas
Hagarenes', ha'Garites - (named after Hagar), a people dwelling to the east of Palestine, with whom the Tribes of Reuben made war in the time of Saul
She'ba - The occasion seized by Sheba was the emulation between the northern and southern Tribes on David's return
Ephraim - At the division of the Tribes Ephraim took the most prominent place; Shechem and Samaria being in their territory naturally contributed to this, and accounts for the ten Tribes being constantly called 'Ephraim' by the prophets. In the same way the two Tribes are called 'Judah. ...
In the prophecies also that refer to the future blessing of the twelve Tribes Ephraim is regarded as representing the ten Tribes. Ezekiel 37:16-22 , where the twelve Tribes are to become one nation in their own land, with one king over them: a prophecy which clearly has never yet been fulfilled, but which will surely be accomplished in God's own time
Ephraim - At the division of the Tribes Ephraim took the most prominent place; Shechem and Samaria being in their territory naturally contributed to this, and accounts for the ten Tribes being constantly called 'Ephraim' by the prophets. In the same way the two Tribes are called 'Judah. ...
In the prophecies also that refer to the future blessing of the twelve Tribes Ephraim is regarded as representing the ten Tribes. Ezekiel 37:16-22 , where the twelve Tribes are to become one nation in their own land, with one king over them: a prophecy which clearly has never yet been fulfilled, but which will surely be accomplished in God's own time
Kiriathaim - Moab lost and recovered Kiriathaim when the trans-jordanic Tribes were carried captive (Jeremiah 48:1-23; Ezekiel 25:9)
Tidal - Probably chief of several nomadic Tribes who occupied different tracts of Lower Mesopotamia at different times, as the Arabs do there to this day
Ancients - The number is perhaps symbolical, representing the twelve Apostles and the twelve Tribes of Israel or according to Bishop Blane, the twelve patriarchs of the Old Law
Carmelite - The Carmelites have four Tribes, and they have now thirty-eight provinces, besides the congregation in Mantua, in which are fifty-four monasteries, under a vicar general, and the congregations of barefooted Carmelites in Italy and Spain
Othniel - Othniel was the only judge to come from the southern Tribes
Engraver - Strict engraving of stones is mentioned in Exodus 28:9-21 in the case of the two onyx stones having six each of the 12 Tribes' names, on the high priest's shoulders, and the 12 breast-plate stones with the 12 Tribes' names engraven
Zebulun, Tribe of - It was one of the Tribes which did not drive out the Canaanites, but only made them tributary (Judges 1:30 ). Along with the other northern Tribes, Zebulun was carried away into the land of Assyria by Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 15:29 )
Nahor - ) are for the most part names of Tribes. Some think we have, instead, the name of a lost tribe once resident in the neighbourhood of Haran, from which the Aramæar Tribes were descended
Caleb - Son of Jephunneh, of the tribe of Judah, who was sent, with one man from each of the other Tribes, to search out the promised land, Numbers 13:1-14:45 . He was one of the princes appointed to divide the conquered territory among the Tribes, Numbers 34:19
Benjamin - At the revolt of the ten Tribes, Benjamin adhered to the cause of Judah; and the two Tribes were ever afterwards closely united, 1 Kings 11:13 12:20 Ezra 4:1 10:9
Rehoboam - Under his reign the ten Tribes revolted, and formed the kingdom of Israel under Jeroboam. He at once sought to recover the revolted Tribes by force; and though directed by God not to make war, he did not long delay hostilities, and these continued during his whole reign
Chalde'Ans, - It appears that the Chaldeans (Kaldai or Kaldi ) were in the earliest times merely one out of many Cushite Tribes inhabiting the great alluvial plain known afterwards as Chaldea or Babylonia. In process of time, as the Kaldi grew in power, their name gradually prevailed over those of the other Tribes inhabiting the country; and by the era of the Jewish captivity it had begun to be used generally for all the inhabitants of Babylonia
Simeon - This scattering seems also intimated by the circumstance that when Moses blessed the Tribes, Simeon is not mentioned. On the division of the kingdom they nominally belonged to the ten Tribes, but were completely isolated from the other nine, so that they would have had either to coalesce with the two Tribes (and of this we read nothing), or, according to the prophecy of Jacob, be 'scattered in Israel. In the future day of which Ezekiel prophesies, when the twelve Tribes will be restored and the land be re-divided, the tribe of Simeon has its portion
Captivities of the Jews - 740) the trans-Jordanic Tribes, ( 1 Chronicles 5:26 ) and the inhabitants of Galilee, (2 Kings 15:29 ) comp. This was the end of the kingdom of the ten Tribes of Israel. (John 7:35 ; 1:1; James 1:1 ) The lost Tribes. --Many attempts have been made to discover the ten Tribes existing as a distinct community; but though history bears no witness of the present distinct existence, it enables us to track the footsteps of the departing race in four directions after the time of the Captivity
Adoniram - He was stoned to death by the revolted ten Tribes, having been sent to them by Rehoboam, either to induce them to return, or to test by gathering the taxes
Shur - The name was probably given to it from the wall (or shur) which the Egyptians built to defend their frontier on the north-east from the desert Tribes
Scythian - The Scythians consisted of "all the pastoral Tribes who dwelt to the north of the Black Sea and the Caspian, and were scattered far away toward the east
Bithiah - Throughout its history, Israel incorporated foreigners into its Tribes
Timnath-Heres - Timnath-Serah means, “remaining portion,” pointing to land given to Joshua following distribution of land to the Tribes (Joshua 19:50 ; Joshua 24:30 )
al-Modad - Joktan is the eponym of the Tribes and peoples of eastern and southern Arabia
Kedar - From him descended the leading Tribes of Arabia and of the land east of Palestine
Twelve - 1: δώδεκα (Strong's #1427 — Noun — dodeka — do'-dek-ah ) is used frequently in the Gospels for the twelve Apostles, and in Acts 6:2 ; 1 Corinthians 15:5 ; Revelation 21:14 ; of the Tribes of Israel, Matthew 19:28 ; Luke 22:30 ; James 1:1 ; Revelation 21:12 ( Dispersion - The ten Tribes, after existing as a separate kingdom for two hundred and fifty-five years, were carried captive (B. They never returned to their own land as a distinct people, although many individuals from among these Tribes, there can be no doubt, joined with the bands that returned from Babylon on the proclamation of Cyrus. The following table shows how the different families were dispersed: ...
| - Japheth | - Gomer | Cimmerians, Armenians | - Magog | Caucasians, Scythians | - Madal | Medes and Persian Tribes | - Javan | - Elishah | Greeks | - Tarshish | Etruscans, Romans | - Chittim | Cyprians, Macedonians | - Dodanim | Rhodians | - Tubal | Tibareni, Tartars | - Mechech | Moschi, Muscovites | - Tiras | Thracians | | - Shem | - Elam | Persian Tribes | - Asshur | Assyrian | - Arphaxad | - Abraham | - Isaac | - Jacob | Hebrews | - Esau | Edomites | - Ishmael | Mingled with Arab Tribes | - Lud | Lydians | - Aram | Syrians | | - Ham | - Cush | Ethiopans | - Mizrain | Egyptians | - Phut | Lybians, Mauritanians | - Canaan | Canaanites, Phoenicians ...
Caravan - through deserts and countries infested by robbers or hostile Tribes, as in Asia or Africa
Mount Tabor - It played an important part in the history of Israel, was the boundary between the Tribes of Issachar and Zabulon
Mount Thabor - It played an important part in the history of Israel, was the boundary between the Tribes of Issachar and Zabulon
Perizzites - They are afterwards named among the conquered Tribes (Joshua 24:11 )
Ishmaelite - The Ishmaelites were regarded as an ethnic group, generally referring to the nomadic Tribes of northern Arabia
Bukki - Son of Jogli, and prince of Dan, one of the ten chosen to divide Canaan among the Tribes (Numbers 34:22)
Bashemath -
The daughter of Ishmael, the last of Esau's three wives (Genesis 36:3,4,13 ), from whose son Reuel four Tribes of the Edomites sprung
Mingled People - Modern translations generally replace mingled people with foreigners or with foreign plus a noun suitable to the context (folk, Tribes, troops)
Showbread - The loaves, twelve in number, represented the twelve Tribes of Israel
Leah - She was 'tender eyed,' and not as beautiful as Rachel; but she was blessed of God in bearing to Jacob six sons and one daughter, and was thus the mother of the heads of the important Tribes of Reuben, Levi, and Judah, as well as of Simeon, Issachar, and Zebulun
Ishbosheth - He was acknowledged king by a part of the Tribes of Israel, A
Tabor, Mount - It played an important part in the history of Israel, was the boundary between the Tribes of Issachar and Zabulon
Thabor, Mount - It played an important part in the history of Israel, was the boundary between the Tribes of Issachar and Zabulon
Phinehas - He was the spokesman of the western Tribes concerning the altar which the eastern Tribes had erected ( Joshua 22:13 ; Joshua 22:30-32 , See Ed. The war between Benjamin and the other Tribes occurred in his high priesthood ( Judges 20:28 )
Rehoboam - On the Tribes seeking relief from some of the burdens laid upon them by Solomon, Rehoboam unwisely turned from the counsellors of his father, and followed the advice of his young companions. The ten Tribes then revolted from Rehoboam and chose Jeroboam as their king. He raised an army to punish the rebels, but was forbidden by the prophet Shemaiah to fight against them, and he had to hear that the separation of the ten Tribes was of God
Five Nations - A confederacy of five, afterwards six, Tribes of Iroquoian stock, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and later Tuscarora, extending across New York State to Lake Erie. With firearms obtained from the Dutch, they made relentless war on surrounding Tribes, killing them, incorporating them, or making them tributaries, and extended their rule from the Ottawa River to the Tennessee, and from the Kennebec to the Illinois and Lake Michigan
Benjamin - ”...
The tribe of Benjamin occupied the smallest territory of all the Tribes. See Tribes of Israel; Patriarchs
Manasseh - Along with Ephraim, Manasseh became one of the twelve Tribes of Israel and received a landed inheritance. See Tribes of Israel
Asher - The two last theories imply an amalgamation of original inhabitants with a Hebrew clan or tribe, which, probably prior to the entrance of the southern Tribes, had found its way into the North. , the Song of Deborah, the other northern Tribes, Zebulun to the south and Naphtali to the east of it, flung themselves with fierce abandon against the army of Sisera, while ‘Asher sat still at the haven of the sea’ ( Judges 5:17 f. , where the Tribes are enumerated together with their respective leaders under David. See also Tribes of Israel
Israel, Kingdom of - Formed by the ten Tribes which seceded from Roboam, the son of Solomon (c
Kingdom of Israel - Formed by the ten Tribes which seceded from Roboam, the son of Solomon (c
Half Tribe - See Tribes of Israel
Og - Gigantic, the king of Bashan, who was defeated by Moses in a pitched battle at Edrei, and was slain along with his sons (Deuteronomy 1:4 ), and whose kingdom was given to the Tribes of Reuben and Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh (Numbers 21:32-35 ; Deuteronomy 3:1-13 )
Rosh - Some have supposed that the Russians are here meant, as one of the three Scythian Tribes of whom Magog was the prince
Merom - ” Place in Galilee where Joshua led Israel to defeat a coalition of Canaanite Tribes under king Jabin of Hazor in a surprise attack (Joshua 11:1-7 )
se'Phar - The undoubted identifications of Arabian places and Tribes with their Joktanite originals are included within these limits, and point to Sephar, on the shore of the Indian Ocean, as the eastern boundary
Kadmonites - Ewald, however, regarded Qadmoni as equivalent to B e ne Qedhem (‘Sons of the East’) which seems to have been a general name applied to the Keturahite Tribes (see Genesis 25:1-6 )
Jacob - He fathered the Twelve Tribes and Dinah
Shewbread - They were all the same size, revealing that GOD makes just as much provision for the small Tribes as for the large ones
Pelethites - As Ittai of Gath, so other refugees from Philistine Tribes probably joined David
Elders - In the church of the Old Testament, elders were the fathers of the Tribes, and had the government in a great measure committed to them
Abijah - the son of Jeroboam, the first king of the ten Tribes, who died very young, 1 Kings 14:1 , &c
Shewbread - Unleavened bread offered every Sabbath on the golden table in the holy place, made into twelve cakes, according to the twelve Tribes of Israel, and placed in two piles or rows
Hesh'Bon - ( Numbers 21:26 ) It stood on the western border of the high plain --Mishor, (Joshua 13:17 ) --and on the boundary line between the Tribes of Reuben and Gad
Chinook - ) A jargon of words from various languages (the largest proportion of which is from that of the Chinooks) generally understood by all the Indian Tribes of the northwestern territories of the United States
Keturah - The list of Keturah's children substantiates the link between the Hebrews and the Tribes which inhabited the areas east and southeast of Palestine
Moors - General term for Tribes in North Africa descended from Arabs and Berbers
Pelethites - Some, however, think that these are the names simply of two Philistine Tribes from which David selected his body-guard
Kedar - It is the name for the nomadic Tribes of Arabs, the Bedouins generally (Isaiah 21:16 ; 42:11 ; 60:7 ; Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:21 ), who dwelt in the north-west of Arabia
Bridle - Isaiah 37:29, "I will put My hook in thy nose and My bridle in thy lips," is illustrated in the Assyrian monuments, which represent captives with bridles attached to rings inserted in their under lip, and held in the hand of the king; some of the captives with short beards, tasseled caps, long tunics, and hosen or boots (Daniel 3:21), seem in physiognomy Jews, or Israelites of the ten Tribes
Zaretan - " Thus the whole space of 30 miles of the river-bed was dry, that the Tribes might pass over (Joshua 3:16,17 ; Compare Psalm 104:3 )
Breastplate - It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Bukki - Son of Jogli, a prince of the tribe of Dan, and one of the ten men entrusted with the task of dividing the land of Canaan among the Tribes of Israel ( Numbers 34:22 )
Distribute - Moses distributed lands to the Tribes of Israel
Ephraim - Using the power given to him by Divine promises, Jacob adopts as his sons, Manasses and Ephraim, in order that these might form not two branches of the same tribe, but two distinct Tribes
Ypsy - ) One of a vagabond race, whose Tribes, coming originally from India, entered Europe in 14th or 15th centry, and are now scattered over Turkey, Russia, Hungary, Spain, England, etc
Evariste Huc - With a companion, Joseph Gabet, he visited the nomadic Tribes of those regions and on encountering a Tibetan embassy accompanied it to Lhasa, where he was well received
Ephraim - (See Jeremiah 31:20; Hosea 7:1; Hos 12:1; Hos 13:1) I do not presume to say the cause was, because the ten Tribes had the chief city in Ephraim; but I think it probable
Israel - By the name of Israel is sometimes understood the person of Jacob, sometimes the whole people of Israel, the whole race of Jacob; sometimes the kingdom of Israel, or ten Tribes, distinct from the kingdom of Judah; and finally, the spiritual Israel, the true church of God
Saxon - ) One of a nation or people who formerly dwelt in the northern part of Germany, and who, with other Teutonic Tribes, invaded and conquered England in the fifth and sixth centuries
Hebron - David was anointed King of Juda at Hebron and made it his capital (2 Kings 2), and all the Tribes of Israel came and made submission to him there (5)
Schism - Separation division among Tribes or classes of people
ma'Chir - (Numbers 32:39 ; 3:15) ...
The son of Ammiel, a powerful sheikh of one of the transjordanic Tribes, who rendered essential service to the cause of Saul and of David successively
Mohammed - He ruthlessly attacked and conquered Arabian, Jewish, and Christian Tribes and finally united all the Tribes of Arabia under one emblem and one religion
Rehoboam, - In the history of Rehoboam the chief point is his indiscreet treatment of the Tribes at his accession treatment which resulted in the revolt of the best part of the nation and the establishment of a rival kingdom ( 1 Kings 12:1-33 ). The coherence of the Tribes was evidently imperfect under Solomon. ...
It was natural that an effort should be made to reduce the rebel Tribes to subjection
Jeroboam - Ahijah interpreted this as God's pledge that Jeroboam would become king over ten of the twelve Tribes. Upon Solomon's death, Jeroboam learned that the Tribes would assemble at Shechem to make Solomon's son Rehoboam their king. Seizing upon the people's resentment toward Solomon's high-handed policies, Jeroboam led the ten Tribes to revolt against the house of David
Ishmael - The son of Abraham by Hagar, and the ancestor of Arabian Tribes, generally called "Ishmaelites. He was the father of twelve sons, who gave their names to as many Tribes, who dwelt in the wilderness, from Havilah unto Shur. Ishmael no doubt became a wild man of the desert, the progenitor of the roaming Bedouin Tribes of the East, so well known as robbers to this day that travellers through their territory must be well armed and hire a band of robbers to protect them against their fellow-robbers
Jeroboam - was the first king of the northern Tribes after the division. On the king’s death he returned, and although he did not appear on the scene when the northern Tribes made their demand of Rehoboam, he was probably actively enlisted in the movement. When the refusal of Rehoboam threw the Tribes into revolt, Jeroboam appeared as leader, and was made king ( 1 Kings 11:26 ff
Canaanites - '" Six different Tribes are mentioned in Exodus 3:8,17 ; 23:23 ; 33:2 ; 34:11 . The extermination of these Tribes, however, was never fully carried out. In the days of Solomon bond-service was exacted from the fragments of the Tribes still remaining in the land (1 Kings 9:20,21 ). Even after the return from captivity survivors of five of the Canaanitish Tribes were still found in the land
Church - The visible Israelitish church was divided into twelve Tribes separated, yet to be united as the people of God: having one Scripture, one sacrifice, one Jehovah. Christ told his apostles, "Ye shall sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes of Israel. James addresses his epistle, "To the twelve Tribes which are scattered abroad" ("which are of the dispersion," R. In the progress of the church "there were sealed one hundred and forty-four thousand of all the Tribes of Israel," Revelation 7:4, showing that the visible church will continue to be divided into Tribes, with one Scripture and one Saviour. The various Tribes of the ancient visible church were constantly adopting the idolatries of the surrounding nations, and were brought into subjection by them, and at last were scattered and the most of them lost on that account
Dan Name - ...
(2) One of the twelve Tribes of Israel; its territory lay southwest of Ephraim
Charles Martel - By force of arms he became mayor of the palace in 717, and reestablished the authority of the Frankish monarchy, conquering the Neustrians, and the Saxons and other Germanic Tribes
Judea - The province of Judea, as distinguished from Galilee and Samaria, included the territories of the Tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Dan, Simeon, and part of Ephraim
Eliphaz - ...
...
The son of Esau by his wife Adah, and father of several Edomitish Tribes (Genesis 36:4,10,11,16 )
Hivites - One of the original Tribes scattered over Palestine, from Hermon to Gibeon in the south
Galatia - This province of Galatia, within the limits of which these Celtic Tribes were confined, was the central region of Asia Minor
Rephaim - The aborigines of Palestine, afterwards conquered and dispossessed by the Canaanite Tribes, are classed under this general title
Martel, Charles - By force of arms he became mayor of the palace in 717, and reestablished the authority of the Frankish monarchy, conquering the Neustrians, and the Saxons and other Germanic Tribes
Keturah - ]'>[1] and the Chronicler in the passages referred to; said to be the ancestress of sixteen Tribes, several of which are distinctly Arabian Midian, Sheba, Dedan
Decapolis - Originally a league of ten cities, Greek in population and constitution, for mutual defence against the Semitic Tribes around them
Ephraim, Tribe of - Jeroboam (3Kings 11) became leader of the ten Tribes of the north, and after the schism, the history of the tribe of Ephraim is absorbed in that of the north
Samaria - The chief city in the kingdom, of the ten Tribes
Congregation - Every descendant of the twelve Tribes formed a part of that community
Cattle - ' The word miqneh, however, often used for 'cattle,' signifies 'possession,' because the principal property of nomadic Tribes consisted of their cattle: the word includes also sheep and goats, but not horses and asses
Ephod - On the part in front were two precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Gentile - The Hebrews included in the term goim or nations, all the Tribes of men who had not received the true faith,and were not circumcised
Joseph - (a) (1562-1452 BCE) Son of Jacob and Rachel, eleventh of the Twelve Tribes
Stick - This is being fulfilled at the present time, for the present nation of Israel is one united people, not separated into Tribes
Kindred - ...
Notes: (1) Phule, "a tribe," rendered "kindreds" in the AV of Revelation 1:7 ; 7:9 ; 11:9 ; 13:7 , "kindred" in Revelation 5:9 ; 14:6 , and elsewhere, "tribe," "tribes," is always translated by the latter in the RV
Tribe of Ephraim - Jeroboam (3Kings 11) became leader of the ten Tribes of the north, and after the schism, the history of the tribe of Ephraim is absorbed in that of the north
Robbery, - Robbery has ever been one of the principal employments of the nomad Tribes of the East
Dedan - Three otherwise unknown Arabian Tribes descended from Dedan, according to Genesis 25:3 . Jeremiah pronounced judgment against the Arabian Tribes (Jeremiah 25:23 ), perhaps looking to Nebuchadnezzar's raid in Arabia in 599-598 B
Zeb'Ulun - Thus remote from the centre of government, Zebulun remains throughout the history with one exception, in the obscurity which envelops the whole of the northern Tribes. The conduct of the tribe during the struggle with Sisera, when they fought with desperate valor side by side with their brethren of Naphtali, was such as to draw down the special praise of Deborah, who singles them out from cell the other Tribes
Rehobo'am - The people demanded a remission of the severe burdens imposed by Solomon, and Rehoboam, rejecting the advice of his father's counsellors, followed that of his young courtiers, and returned an insulting answer, which led to an open rebellion among the Tribes, and he was compelled to fly to Jerusalem, Judah and Benjamin alone remaining true to him. Jeroboam was made king of the northern Tribes
Jew - It is applied to any one belonging to the two Tribes, and it may have been used respecting any of the ten Tribes who remained in the land at the captivity or returned thither
Israel, Kingdom of - Rehoboam, the son and successor of Solomon, was scarcely seated on his throne when the old jealousies between Judah and the other Tribes broke out anew, and Jeroboam was sent for from Egypt by the malcontents (12:2,3). Thus after a duration of two hundred and fifty-three years the kingdom of the ten Tribes came to an end. " ...
After the deportation of the ten Tribes, the deserted land was colonized by various eastern Tribes, whom the king of Assyria sent thither ( Ezra 4:2,10 ; 2 Kings 17:24-29 )
Dan - In the division of the promised land Dan was the last of the Tribes to receive his portion, which was the smallest of the twelve. On the north and east it was completely embraced by its two brother Tribes Ephraim and Benjamin, while on the southeast and south it joined Judah, and was thus surrounded by the three most powerful states of the whole confederacy. In the time of David Dan still kept its place among the Tribes
Reuben - The firstborn of Jacob and of Leah, and head of one of the twelve Tribes. ) Moses, when he blessed the Tribes (showing more their relationship with God according to His government) said, "Let Reuben live, and not die: and let not his men be few. They made inroads upon the Bedouin Tribes: being on the border of the wilderness doubtless this was unavoidable if they were to live in peace and safety
Passage - The words "the passage of" are, however, more correctly rendered "by the side of," or "at the other side of," thus designating the position of the great altar erected by the eastern Tribes on their return home
Anglo-Saxon - ) One of the race or people who claim descent from the Saxons, Angles, or other Teutonic Tribes who settled in England; a person of English descent in its broadest sense
Soldier - In early Israelite history every male was called on to fight when the Tribes were threatened
Galilee - (Hebrew: district) ...
Most northern of the three provinces of Palestine west of the Jordan at the time of Our Lord, comprising in general the territory assigned by Josue to the Tribes of Asher, Nephtali, Zabulon, and Issachar
Bush, Burning - Moses did not forget the bush: when he blessed the twelve Tribes just before he died he spoke of the "good will of him who dwelt in the bush
Shoulder - The high priest had the names of the twelve Tribes on his shoulders, as in a place of safety
Pethor - and the Aramaic Tribes W
Asher - Asher was the most northerly of the Tribes; and had that of Naphtali on the west, and Zebulun on the south
Ed - side of and above (so Hebrew for "by," Joshua 22:10) Jordan, the pledge that the two and a half Tribes held possession still with the remaining Tribes on the W. It was not in sight of Phinehas when addressing the leaders of the two and a half Tribes on mount Gilead. Or else "Canaan" may be used of the whole country of the nine and a half Tribes, the Jordan valley being excepted; the altar Ed being in front of the country of the nine and a half Tribes (Keil and Delitzsch)
Judah - Judah-when named in contradistinction to Israel, Ephraim, the kingdom of the ten Tribes, or Samaria-denotes the kingdom of Judah, and of David's descendants. One of the principal distinctions of this tribe is, that it preserved the true religion, and the public exercise of the priesthood, with the legal ceremonies in the temple at Jerusalem; while the ten Tribes gave themselves up to idolatry and the worship of the golden calves
Hittites - Palestine and Syria appear to have been originally inhabited by three different Tribes. They were nomadic and pastoral Tribes. ...
The Phoenicians, who were merchants and traders; and ...
the Hittites, who were the warlike element of this confederation of Tribes. The original seat of the Hittite Tribes was the mountain ranges of Taurus
Captivity - There is nothing in the passage to fix the date, but in 2 Kings 15:29 is another reference to Israel when Tiglath-pileser took Ijon, Abel-beth-maachah, Janoah, Kedesh, and Hazor, which are all in the north on the west of the Jordan; butthen is added Gilead, which is on the east, and this may be intended to embrace the two and a half Tribes; then Galilee with all the land of Naphtali is added, which is again in the north on the west. 740 for the captivity of the two and a half Tribes. ...
Those who returned from exile were the two Tribes, Judah and Benjamin (unless any few of the ten Tribes may have accompanied them; cf
Zebulun - All of these, as in the case of the men of the other Tribes, died before the next census in the plains of Moab, where, nevertheless, the total reached 60,500 ( Numbers 26:27 ; Numbers 26:64 P
In the war against Jabin 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali went with Barak against Sisera, and in the battle, whose issues were of decisive importance to the Tribes of Israel, they immortalized themselves by their bravery (Judges 4:10 ). They, like the other Tribes, failed, however, to drive out the Canaanites from some of their city strongholds. Elon, who headed the Tribes in the anarchic and troublous time preceding the kingdom ( Judges 12:11 ). In later history, Zebulun, like the other northern Tribes, played an unimportant rôle. According to 2 Kings 15:29 , it would appear that the fate of the other Tribes of Galilee overtook this tribe in the days of Pekah, when the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser carried them captive to Assyria. Tribes
Paran - Through this very wide wilderness, from pasture to pasture, as do modern Arab Tribes, the Israelites wandered in irregular lines of march
Indians, Moxos - A group of Tribes, famous in the mission annals of Bolivia, belonging to Arawakan stock
Moxos Indians - A group of Tribes, famous in the mission annals of Bolivia, belonging to Arawakan stock
Moyos - A group of Tribes, famous in the mission annals of Bolivia, belonging to Arawakan stock
Jacob - The son of Isaac and Rebecca, third great patriarch of the chosen people, and the immediate ancestor of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Jabin - In another account ( Joshua 11:1-9 ) of this episode the victory of the two Tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali is represented as a conquest of the whole of northern Canaan by Joshua
Adah - Daughter of Elon the Hittite; one of Esau's three wives; mother of his firstborn, Eliphaz; ancestress of six of the Edomite Tribes (Genesis 36:2-4; (Genesis 36:15-16); called Βashemath (Genesis 26:34), ("the fragrant")
Coup - ) Among some Tribes of North American Indians, the act of striking or touching an enemy in warfare with the hand or at close quarters, as with a short stick, in such a manner as by custom to entitle the doer to count the deed an act of bravery; hence, any of various other deeds recognized by custom as acts of bravery or honor
Ashurites - One of the Tribes over whom Ishbosheth ruled ( 2 Samuel 2:9 )
Engraving - The cutting of words or designs on precious stones, as the names of the Tribes on the breastplate and the shoulder-pieces of the high priest; and the words "Holiness to the Lord" on the plate of the mitre
Pul - He came into the land of Israel in the time of Manahem, king of the ten Tribes, 2 Kings 15:19 , &c, and invaded the kingdom on the other side of Jordan
Jeroboam - He is the subject of frequent mention in Scripture, as having been the cause of the ten Tribes revolting from the dominion of Rehoboam, and also of his having "made Israel to sin," by instituting the idolatrous worship of the golden calves at Dan and Bethel, 1 Kings 12:26-33 . He seems to have been a bold, unprincipled, and enterprising man, with much of the address of a deep politician about him; qualities which probably pointed him out to King Solomon as a proper person to be entrusted with the obnoxious commission of levying certain taxes throughout the Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. On a certain day, as Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem into the country, having a new cloak wrapped about his shoulders, the Prophet Ahijah met him in a field where they were alone, and seizing the cloak of Jeroboam, he cut it into twelve pieces, and then addressing him, said, "Take ten of them to thyself; for thus saith the Lord, I will divide and rend the kingdom of Solomon, and will give ten Tribes to thee. He then returned, and found that Rehoboam, who had succeeded his father Solomon in the throne of David, had already excited the disgust of ten of the Tribes by some arbitrary proceedings, in consequence of which they had withdrawn their allegiance from the new monarch. These Tribes no sooner heard of his return than they invited him to appear among them in a general assembly, in which they elected him to be king over Israel. Jeroboam fixed his residence at Shechem, and there fortified himself; he also rebuilt Penuel, a city beyond Jordan, putting it into a state of defence, in order to keep the Tribes quiet which were on that side Jordan, 1 Kings 12:1-25 . The first suggestion of his unbelieving heart was, that if the Tribes over whom he reigned were to go up to Jerusalem to sacrifice and keep the annual festivals, they would be under continual temptations to return to the house of David. Though much addicted to the idolatrous practices of the son of Nebat, yet the Lord was pleased so far to prosper his reign, that by his means, according to the predictions of the Prophet Jonah, the kingdom of the ten Tribes was restored from a state of great decay, into which it had fallen, and was even raised to a pitch of extraordinary splendour
Peor - When he looked on the Tribes encamped in the acacia groves below him, he could not refrain from giving utterance to a remarkable benediction (24:1-9)
Bashemath - From her son Reuel four Edomite Tribes descended
Ramoth-Gilead - It was in the region of the ill-defined border between the Tribes of East Manasseh and Gad, and was one of the three cities of refuge in Israel’s trans-Jordan territory (Joshua 20:8-9)
Tartar - ) A native or inhabitant of Tartary in Asia; a member of any one of numerous Tribes, chiefly Moslem, of Turkish origin, inhabiting the Russian Europe; - written also, more correctly but less usually, Tatar
ja'Besh - In its widest sense Gilead included the half tribe of Manasseh, (Numbers 32:1-4244 ) as well as the Tribes of Gad and Reuben, (1618835804_6 ) east of the Jordan; and of the cities of Gilead, Jabesh was the chief
Med'Eba - It next occurs in the enumeration of the country divided among the transjordanic Tribes, (Joshua 13:9 ) as giving its name to a district of level downs called "the Mishor of Medeba" or "the Mishor on Medeba
Numbers - a canonical book of the Old Testament, being the fourth of the Pentateuch, or five books of Moses; and receives its denomination from the numbering of the families of Israel by Moses and Aaron, who mustered the Tribes, and marshalled the army, of the Hebrews in their passage through the wilderness
Elders of Israel - The heads of Tribes, who, before the settlement of the Hebrew commonwealth, had a government and authority over their own families and the people
an'Akim - (Joshua 14:15 ) The race appears to have been divided into three Tribes or families, bearing the names Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai
Adoniram - All Israel stoned him to death at the revolt of the ten Tribes
Asher - ...
Like the other Israelite Tribes, Asher did not drive out the local Canaanites, who still occupied a number of towns and districts
Israel - If countries and peoples are here personified as men, the same may be the case elsewhere: and in Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Esau, and the twelve sons of Jacob, we may be dealing not with individuals but with Tribes. The marriages of individuals may represent the alliances or union of Tribes. ( a ) Some traditions, such as those concerning kinship with non-Palestinian Tribes, the deliverance from Egypt, and concerning Moses, were brought into Palestine from the desert. ) Israel, as will appear later, was a name of a part of the Tribes before they entered Canaan. ) tells how Joseph was divided into two Tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh. Classified according to their content, we have: ( a ) narratives which embody the history and movements of Tribes. It is clear that in writing a history of the origin of Israel we must regard the patriarchal narratives as relating largely to Tribes rather than individuals, and must use them with discrimination. Parts of the account of Abraham are local traditions of shrines, but the story of Abraham’s migration is the narrative of the westward movement of a tribe or group of Tribes from which the Hebrews were descended. This apparently means that these Tribes were of near kin, and possessed as a common totem the ‘wild cow’ or ‘bovine antelope. ’ The Tribes of Manasseh, Ephraim, and Benjamin traced their descent from Rachel. Rachel means ‘ewe,’ and these Tribes, though kindred to the other six, possessed a different totem. This less honourable birth probably means that they joined the confederacy later than the other Tribes. The original Israel, then, probably consisted of the eight Tribes Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Manasseh, and Ephraim, though perhaps the Rachel Tribes did not join the confederacy until they had escaped from Egypt (see § 6). These Tribes, along with the other Abrahamidæ the Edomites, Ammonites, and Moabites moved westward from the Euphrates along the eastern border of Palestine. 10) hold that it was the so-called Joseph Tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh, that settled for a time in Egypt, and that Moses led forth. ...
Probably we shall not go far astray, if we suppose that the Leah Tribes were roaming the steppe to the south of Palestine where Menephtah defeated them, while the Rachel Tribes, enticed into Egypt by the opportunity to obtain an easier livelihood, became entangled in trouble there, from which Moses emancipated them, perhaps in the reign of Menephtah himself. After this the Rachel Tribes probably allied themselves more closely to the Leah Tribes, and, through the aid of Moses, gradually led them to adopt the worship of Jahweh. Perhaps it was during this period that the Rachel Tribes first became a real part of the Israelite confederation. Moses became during this period the sheik of the united Tribes. ]'>[3]1 document in Numbers 32:1-42 that the conquered cities of this region were divided between the Tribes of Reuben and Gad. ]'>[3]1 strata of the book of Joshua, which form the main portion of it, represent Joshua as gaining possession of the country in two great battles, and as dividing it up among the Tribes by lot. ]'>[1] account of the conquest, however, which has been preserved in Judges 1:1-36 and Joshua 8:1-35 ; Joshua 9:1-27 ; Joshua 10:1-43 ; Joshua 13:1 ; Joshua 13:7 a, Joshua 13:13 ; Joshua 15:14-19 ; Joshua 15:63 ; Joshua 16:1-3 ; Judges 17:1-13 ; Joshua 17:11-18 ; Joshua 19:47 , while it represents Joshua as the leader of the Rachel Tribes and as winning a decisive victory near Gibeon, declares that the Tribes went up to win their territory singly, and that in the end their conquest was only partial. (3) Lastly, there was the movement of the northern Tribes into the hill-country which borders the great plain of Jezreel. In the course of these struggles a disaster befell the Tribes of Simeon and Levi in an attempt to take Shechem, which practically annihilated Levi, and greatly weakened Simeon (cf. ) Probably they allied themselves with the other Tribes when the latter entered Canaan. At what time the Tribes of Naphtali and Dan joined the Hebrew federation we have no means of knowing
Rehoboam - ...
Aware that the northern Tribes were dissatisfied with the Jerusalem government, Rehoboam tried to hold their allegiance by going north to Shechem for his coronation ceremony (1 Kings 12:1). But his efforts were in vain, with the result that the ten northern Tribes broke away from David’s dynasty and formed their own kingdom under Jeroboam (1 Kings 12:2-20)
Spies - When the Israelites reached Kadesh for the first time, and were encamped there, Moses selected twelve spies from among the chiefs of the divisions of the Tribes, and sent them forth to spy the land of Canaan (Numbers 13 ), and to bring back to him a report of its actual condition. , unknown to the people ( Joshua 2:1 ), "to view the land and Jericho" after the death of Moses, and just before the Tribes under his leadership were about to cross the Jordan
Sama'Ria, Country of - Samaria at first included all the Tribes over which Jeroboam made himself king, whether east or west of the river Jordan. (2 Chronicles 30:1-26 ) Men came from all those Tribes to the Passover at Jerusalem
Breastplate, High Priest's - To the shoulders of this were fastened the two stones on which were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel. In it were twelve precious stones, arranged in four rows, with three in a row, bearing the names of the twelve Tribes
Joktan, - Though the names of the majority of his sons have not been satisfactorily identified, it is clear that he is represented as the ancestor of the older Arabian Tribes. The list of his sons is probably not to be taken as a scientific or geographical classification of the Tribes or districts of Arabia, but rather as an attempt on the part of the writer to incorporate in the tables such names of Arabian races as were familiar to him and to his readers
Eber - Why Eber is not the immediate, but the sixth ancestor of Abraham, and why many other Tribes besides the Hebrews are reckoned as his descendants, is perhaps to be explained (König) by the fact that, though the Israelites were in a special sense ‘Hebrews,’ it was remembered that their ancestors had long made the region ‘across’ the Euphrates their resting-place, and many other Tribes (Peleg, Joktan, etc
Judea - The number twelve was retained in the sin offerings, as though all the Tribes were represented (Ezra 6:17; Ezra 8:35). The "twelve Tribes" appear Acts 26:7; James 1:1
Judea - In the general division of Canaan among the Tribes, the southeast part fell to the lot of the tribe of Judah. With the increasing ascendency of that tribe the name of Judah covered a more extended territory, 2 Samuel 5:5 ; and after the secession of the ten Tribes, the kingdom of Judah included the territory of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, with a part of that of Simeon and Dan
Simeon - see) as sharing in the curse of Jacob and in the consequent dispersion of the tribe among the other Tribes of Israel. ]'>[5]0 ’s census of the Tribes ascribes 59,300 fighting men to Simeon at Sinai ( Numbers 1:23 ). There, however; they came into contact with nomad Tribes of Edomites and Arabs a circumstance which doubtless contributed to their failure to rehabilitate themselves and win a permanent abode among the original occupants of the land. In historical times nothing is heard of them, and the conclusion is justified that they eventually became merged with the neighbouring Tribes, and were later, with them, absorbed by Judah, as Reuben was afterwards by Gad. In connexion with David’s ventures to win over the Edomites and other Tribes to the south, the name of Simeon does not appear, as might have been expected if the tribe had preserved its solidarity. See also Tribes of Israel
Levi - ’...
From this passage it is abundantly evident that Levi was, like all the other Israelitish Tribes, a purely secular organization. The treacherous act referred to, which was so serious a violation of tribal morals that it cost them the sympathy of the other Tribes, is probably recorded in Genesis 34:1-31 in two different versions, the oldest of which is J Ebal - On this mountain six of the Tribes (Deuteronomy 27:12,13 ) were appointed to take their stand and respond according to a prescribed form to the imprecations uttered in the valley, where the law was read by the Levites (11:29; 29:4,13)
Issachar - See Tribes of Israel; Chronology of Biblical Period
Geshem - He was in name a vassal of Persia but apparently wielded great personal power with Tribes in the Syrian desert, southern Palestine, the delta of Egypt, and northern Arabia
End - ...
Isaiah 45:22 (a) The ends of the earth are those countries, nations and Tribes which are farthest removed in every direction from Palestine
Israel - It became the national name of the twelve Tribes collectively
Ham - Canaan was the ancestor of the Phœnicians and other Tribes inhabiting Palestine
Ammihud - Father of Shemuel of the tribe of Simeon, who helped Moses, Eleazar, and Joshua allot the land to the Tribes (Numbers 34:20 )
is'Rael - " ...
It became the national name of the twelve Tribes collectively
Scald - , among the Norsemen; more rarely, a bard of any of the ancient Teutonic Tribes
Elders - Church officers; in the early part of the Old Testament the term designated the chiefs of Tribes and later the men of special influence and dignity and the lay element in the Sanhedrin
da'Gon - (1 Samuel 5:5 ) The fish-like form was a natural emblem of fruitfulness, and as such was likely to be adopted by seafaring Tribes in the representation of their gods
Joshua the Son of Nun - ...
When Moses sent representatives from the twelve Tribes to spy out Canaan, Joshua was the representative from the tribe of Ephraim. Joshua would direct the conquest of Canaan and, with Eleazar the high priest, oversee the division of the land among Israel’s Tribes (Numbers 34:17; Deuteronomy 1:38; Deuteronomy 3:28; Deuteronomy 31:23). The book of Joshua records how Israel crossed the Jordan River, conquered Canaan and divided the land among its Tribes (see JOSHUA, BOOK OF). ...
A godly administrator...
After the conquest of Canaan, the Israelite Tribes settled in their respective areas (Joshua 14:1). But Joshua had constantly to remind the individual Tribes to drive out the Canaanites from the scattered areas they still occupied (Joshua 13:1; Joshua 17:16-18; Joshua 18:3)
Judges, Book of - ...
It would appear that in no case was a single judge leader over all the Tribes of Israel at once. Several of the narratives make a point of noting the absence of one or more Tribes from the fighting forces under a judge (Judges 5:15-17 ; Judges 8:1 ; Judges 12:1 ). Also, in working out the chronology of Israel's occupation of the land from Joshua to David, a very strong case can be made that some of the judges were contemporaries, one leading one group of Tribes while another led another group of Tribes. The eleven Tribes rallied to the Levite's call for justice; Benjamin defended the town of Gibeah, and civil war followed. Facing the destruction of one tribe of the twelve, the eleven Tribes devised a dubious way around their oath not to allow any of their daughters to marry into the tribe of Benjamin. ...
Some scholars have held that the Book of Judges reflects an Israelite version of the amphictyony, a group of six or twelve Tribes organized around a central shrine. reveals very little similarity beyond the fact that Israel numbered twelve Tribes
Philistines - They are, however, not noticed among the Canaanitish Tribes mentioned in the Pentateuch. They sometimes held the Tribes, especially the southern Tribes, in degrading servitude (Judges 15:11 ; 1 Samuel 13:19-22 ); at other times they were defeated with great slaughter (1 Samuel 14:1-47 ; 17 )
Canaanites - The following are the principal Tribes mentioned. ...
Besides these seven Tribes, there were several others of the same parentage, dwelling north of Canaan. There were also several other Tribes of diverse origin within the bounds of Canaan, destroyed by the Israelites; such as the Anakim, the Amalekites, and the Rephaim of giants
Genealogy - The promise of the land of Canaan to the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob successively, and the separation of the Israelites from the Gentile world; the expectation of Messiah as to spring from the tribe of Judah; the exclusively hereditary priesthood of Aaron with its dignity and emoluments; the long succession of kings in the line of David; and the whole division and occupations of the land upon genealogical principles by the Tribes, occupation of the land upon genealogical principles by the Tribes, families and houses of fathers, gave a deeper importance to the science of genealogy among the Jews than perhaps any other nation. But there can be little doubt that the registers of the Jewish Tribes and families perished at the destruction of Jerusalem, and not before
Hoshea - A second revolt brought back the Assyrian king Sargon, who besieged Samaria, and carried the ten Tribes away beyond the Euphrates, B
Eglon -
Chieftain or king of one of the Moabite Tribes (Judges 3:12-14 )
Simeon, the Tribe of - They gradually dwindled in number, and sank into a position of insignificance among the other Tribes
Portion - The Levites did not receive tribal territory with the other Tribes but had the Lord for their special portion (Numbers 18:20 )
Kiriath-Arba - The city may have been so called as the seat of a confederacy between four men or Tribes, or the name may be = Tetrapolis , ‘the city of four quarters
Perizzite - One of the ten doomed Tribes of Canaan (Genesis 15:19-21)
Gerizim - Six Tribes were placed on Gerizim, and six on Ebal, Deuteronomy 27:12-13; the ark was probably in the valley between them, and Joshua read the blessings and cursings successively
Eloi, Saint - He converted the numerous pagan Tribes in his diocese and continued his work of building churches and monasteries
Merari, Merarites - In the land they had twelve cities from among the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun, including the city of Ramoth-gilead
Zamzummim - These, together with the Anakim, another family of giants, were all evidently of a race foreign to the original inhabitants of the countries where they were found; they were probably Tribes of invading Cushites
Gomer - In fact, under the names of Cimmerii, Cimbri, Cymrig, Cumbri, Umbri, and Cambri, the Tribes of Gomerians extended themselves from the Euxine to the Atlantic, and from Italy to the Baltic; having added to their original names those of Celts, Gauls, Galatae, and Gaels, superadded
Samuel - For a number of years he judged Israel—this is the sum of what is told—though whether his authority was recognized by all the Tribes may admit of question
Eligius, Saint - He converted the numerous pagan Tribes in his diocese and continued his work of building churches and monasteries
Rachel - The prophecy, Jeremiah 31:15 , representing her as mourning over her posterity, the Tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin, is quoted in Matthew 2:18 , in reference to the massacre at Bethlehem, in which undoubtedly many of her descendants suffered
Ed - In the Hebrew (and also in the Greek) text of Joshua 22:34 the name given by the two and a half Tribes to the altar erected by them on the east bank of the Jordan has dropped out
Judah, Son of Jacob - It would conquer foreign enemies and rule over its brother Tribes (Genesis 49:8-12)
Gibeah - The other Tribes responded with an attack that almost wiped out Benjamin (Judges 19; Judges 20; Judges 21:1-24; Hosea 9:9; Hosea 10:9)
Arabia - From this name is derived that which is usually given to the nomadic Tribes which wander over this region, the "Bedaween," or, more generally, "Bedouin," ...
Arabia Petraea, i. The whole land appears (Genesis 10 ) to have been inhabited by a variety of Tribes of different lineage, Ishmaelites, Arabians, Idumeans, Horites, and Edomites; but at length becoming amalgamated, they came to be known by the general designation of Arabs
Asher - When Deborah summoned the Tribes to action, Asher did not respond but “continued on the seashore” (Judges 5:17 ). See Tribes of Israel
Jeroboam (1) - He had been an officer under Solomon, but Ahijah the prophet, having found him, tore his new garment into twelve pieces, and gave him ten of them, telling him that he should be king over ten of the Tribes. On the division of the kingdom, Jeroboam was made king of the ten Tribes
Zebulun - Moses blessed the Tribes thus, "Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out"; and then, classing him with Issachar, said, "They shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifice's of righteousness: for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand. And when Hezekiah invited all the Tribes to come to Jerusalem to keep the Passover, 'divers' of Zebulun humbled themselves and responded to the call
Jeroboam - On the death of Solomon, he was summoned by the ten Tribes to return and present their demands to Rehoboam; and when these were refused, he was chosen king of the revolted Tribes, B
Zebulun - Moses blessed the Tribes thus, "Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out"; and then, classing him with Issachar, said, "They shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifice's of righteousness: for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand. And when Hezekiah invited all the Tribes to come to Jerusalem to keep the Passover, 'divers' of Zebulun humbled themselves and responded to the call
Manasseh - Eldest son of Joseph and Asenath, and head of one of the Tribes of Israel. And when Moses blessed the twelve Tribes he spoke of the ten thousands of Ephraim, but the thousands of Manasseh. ...
When Hezekiah invited the twelve Tribes to join him in keeping a passover to Jehovah, certain of the tribe of Manasseh humbled themselves and went to Jerusalem. In Psalm 80:2 we read, "Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up thy strength, and come and save us," in allusion to these three being the Tribes that immediately followed the ark of God in the wilderness
Captivity - The kingdom of the ten Tribes was successively invaded by several Assyrian kings. 738), carried away the trans-Jordanic Tribes and the inhabitants of Galilee into Assyria (2 Kings 15:29 ; Isaiah 9:1 ). Thus terminated the kingdom of the ten Tribes, after a separate duration of two hundred and fifty-five years (B. Many speculations have been indulged in with reference to these ten Tribes. A considerable number, 12,000 probably, from the ten Tribes who had been carried away into Assyria no doubt combined with this band of liberated captives
Breastplate - On each stone was engraved the name of one of the twelve Tribes (Exodus 28:15-29 ; 39:8-21 )
Omri - Omri, who is called on an Assyrian monument Khumri, founded Samaria, which thenceforth became the capital of the ten Tribes
Merarites - The Merarites received an allotment of twelve cities from the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun, including Ramoth-Gilead, a city of refuge (Joshua 21:7 ,Joshua 21:7,21:34-40 ; 1Chronicles 6:63,1 Chronicles 6:77-81 )
Rosh - Rather, as not rosh but nasi is the head of a nomadic tribe (Genesis 23:6), "Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal," three great Scythian Tribes of which gosh is the first
Breastplate - Exodus 25:7 (c) The high priest wore a breastplate in which were brilliant stones, each one bearing the name of one of the Tribes of Israel
Ephod - On the shoulder pieces of this garment were two large stones on which were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes, six on each stone
Girgashites - Tribes ( Genesis 10:16 ; Genesis 15:21 , Deuteronomy 7:1 Rend, Tear - ...
Sometimes the word is used in a symbolic act, such as Ahijah’s “tearing” a new garment into twelve pieces and sending them to the twelve Tribes as a symbol of coming division (1 Kings 11:30)
Shamanism - (probably Manchu: saman, an excited man) ...
A vague term used to designate a form of savage magic or science prevailing among the Tribes of Asia, Australasia, and the American Indians and Eskimos
Shemaiah - A prophet of Israel, by whom God forbade Rehoboam to endeavor to coerce the ten Tribes back to their allegiance, and called the king and his court to repent at the invasion of Shishak
Levi - The tribe of Levi was, according to Jacob's prediction, scattered over all Israel, having no share in the cities in the portions of other Tribes
Semites - The Tribes which inhabited these territories show in their language, traits, and character a sharply defined individuality which separates them distinctly from other peoples
Dumah - Cited in Genesis 25:14 ( 1 Chronicles 1:30 ) as among the twelve Tribes of Ishmael
Joktan - Arab tradition makes Joktan or Kahtan progenitor of the purest Tribes of central and southern Arabia
Heshbon - When the conquered territories were divided among Israel’s Tribes, Heshbon fell within the tribal area of Reuben (Numbers 32:2-5; Numbers 32:37; Joshua 13:15-21; Judges 11:26)
Levite - Jehovah was their inheritance (Numbers 18:20 ; 26:62 ; Deuteronomy 10:9 ; 18:1,2 ), and for their support it was ordained that they should receive from the other Tribes the tithes of the produce of the land. Nine of these cities were in Judah, three in Naphtali, and four in each of the other Tribes (Joshua 21 ). Thus the Levites were scattered among the Tribes to keep alive among them the knowledge and service of God
Rehoboam - Benjamin was reckoned along with Judah, and these two Tribes formed the southern kingdom, with Jerusalem as its capital; while the northern ten Tribes formed themselves into a separate kingdom, choosing Jeroboam as their king. Rehoboam tried to win back the revolted ten Tribes by making war against them, but he was prevented by the prophet Shemaiah (21-24; 2 Chronicles 11:1-4 ) from fulfilling his purpose
Canaan (2) - Previous to its conquest by Joshua, Canaan was peopled by several Tribes, as Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgasites, Hivites, Perizzites, and four others, all early known as Canaanites. Later, "Canaanites" appears to designate a separate tribe, and the land was inhabited by them and six other Tribes. It was left by Jacob because of the famine; searched by the twelve spies, Numbers 13:2; Viewed by Moses, Deuteronomy 32:49; conquered by Joshua, Joshua 11:23; divided by lot among the twelve Tribes, Joshua 13:7; a king of the country was slain by Deborah and Barak, Judges 4:24
Manasseh (1) - patriarchal heads of Tribes, as Jacob's immediate sons were; Manasseh and Ephraim gave their names to separate Tribes. Moreover, a prince of each of the two sections of Manasseh stands on a level with the princes of entire Tribes (1 Chronicles 27:20-21). Accordingly their towns Taanach, Megiddo, Ibleam, and Endor are in the region of Carmel, within the allotments of other Tribes. "...
After the fall of the ten Tribes, Psalm 80 expresses Judah's prayer of sympathy for her sister: "give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock. " The book of Numbers (Numbers 2:17-24) represents these three kindred Tribes together marching after the ark; so in the Psalms
Palestine - ...
From an early period the land was inhabited by the descendants of Canaan, who retained possession of the whole land "from Sidon to Gaza" till the time of the conquest by Joshua, when it was occupied by the twelve Tribes. Two Tribes and a half had their allotments given them by Moses on the east of the Jordan (Deuteronomy 3:12-20 ; Compare Numbers 1:17-46 ; Joshua 4:12-13 ). The remaining Tribes had their portion on the west of Jordan. On the death of Solomon, his son Rehoboam ascended the throne; but his conduct was such that ten of the Tribes revolted, and formed an independent monarchy, called the kingdom of Israel, or the northern kingdom, the capital of which was first Shechem and afterwards Samaria. The place of the captives carried away was supplied by Tribes brought from the east, and thus was formed the Samaritan nation (2 Kings 17:24-29 ). ...
Nebuchadnezzar came up against the kingdom of the two Tribes, the kingdom of Judah, the capital of which was Jerusalem, one hundred and thirty-four years after the overthrow of the kingdom of Israel. ...
Exclusive of Idumea, the kingdom of Herod the Great comprehended the whole of the country originally divided among the twelve Tribes, which he divided into four provinces or districts. The whole territory of Palestine, including the portions alloted to the trans-Jordan Tribes, extended to about eleven thousand square miles
Joshua, Book of - This book gives the history of Israel in crossing the Jordan, their conquests over the nations, and the division of the land among the twelve Tribes. " In one sense they had taken all from north to south, so that they could divide the land among the Tribes; but all their enemies were not destroyed, and they did not really possess all the land promised unto Abraham. The details are given as to the boundaries of the Tribes. The tabernacle was set up at Shiloh, which was fairly central, 32 3' N, and the allotment of the possessions of the Tribes was made in Shiloh before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. The warriors of the two and a half Tribes, who had crossed the Jordan to aid in the conquest of the land on the west, were dismissed to their possessions on the east of Jordan, with the blessing of Joshua. These Tribes staying on the east led to difficulty. The Tribes on the west feared that the altar had been built in separation from the worship of Jehovah, and sent princes with Phinehas the priest to protest against it, but on hearing the explanation given, they were satisfied that the Tribes on the east were faithful in heart
Class - ) A comprehensive division of animate or inanimate objects, grouped together on account of their common characteristics, in any classification in natural science, and subdivided into orders, families, Tribes, genera, etc
Joseph - (Hebrew: may God add) ...
Patriarch, eleventh son of Jacob, first-born of Rachel, immediate ancestor of the Tribes of Manasses and Ephraim
Amorites - The lands which the Amorites possessed on this side Jordan were given to the tribe of Judah, and those beyond the Jordan to the Tribes of Reuben and Gad
Aaron's Rod - As representing his tribe, it had been deposited by Divine command before the ark along with 12 other rods representing the 12 secular Tribes, in order that the will of J″ Levites - In lieu of land they received the tithes and also four cities with suburban pasture lands from each of the other Tribes of Israel
Eleazar - Together with Joshua, divided the Land of Israel amongst the Tribes
Blessing - Jacob and Moses gave dying blessings prophetical of the character and history of the several Tribes (Genesis 49; Deuteronomy 33)
Perea - It was part of the tableland area that originally belonged to Ammon and Moab, but after Israel’s conquest was occupied by the Tribes of East Manasseh, Gad and Reuben
Shi'Shak, - It is a list of the countries, cities and Tribes conquered or ruled by him, or tributary to him
Zebulun - Trade routes that passed through the region brought the tribe prosperity (Genesis 49:13; Deuteronomy 33:18-19; Joshua 19:10-16; for map see Tribes)
Simeon - See Jacob ; Tribes of Israel
Pearl - Having lived their lives, and the twelve Tribes having gone through the terrible experiences of the centuries, these stones were changed into pearls, for pearls are the product of long suffering
Standard - In the camp the twelve Tribes were arranged with three on each side, one of each three giving the name to that side or camp
Sepharad - C Ρa Rad occurs before Ionia and Greece in a cuneiform inscription giving a list of the Persian Tribes (See also Niebuhr, Austria - Austria was included in the Roman provinces of Rhaetia, Noricum, and Pannonia, and received Christianity with Roman civilization, but after the fall of the Empire was overrun by wild Slavonic Tribes
Census - ...
The next census was in the time of David, when the number, exclusive of the Tribes of Levi and Benjamin, was found to be 1,300,000 (2 Samuel 24:9 ; 1 Chronicles 21:5 )
James - The former was the brother of John, (Matthew 4:21) the latter is called by Paul the Lord's brother, (Galatians 1:19) not so in reality, as we now mean by the term brother, but as the custom then was, from Tribes and families, Mary, James's mother, was sister to the blessed Virgin
Appearing of Christ - The Jews and the ten Tribes will be restored to their land in blessing, ushering in the Millennium
Ahijah - Prophet called the Shilonite, who foretold to Jeroboam that he should be king over ten of the Tribes
is'Sachar - 1753-45) At the descent into Egypt four sons are ascribed to him, who founded the four chief families of the Tribes
Naboth - an Israelite of the city of Jezreel, who lived under Ahab, king of the ten Tribes, and had a fine vineyard near the king's palace
Breastplate - The front of it was set with twelve precious stones, on each of which was engraved the name of one of the Tribes
Hit'Tits - (Genesis 23:19 ; 25:9 ) When the Israelites entered the promised land, we find the Hittites taking part against the invader, in equal alliance with the other Canaanite Tribes
Gala'Tia - It derived its name from the Gallic or Celtic Tribes who, about 280 B
Ahijah - The first was when he told Jeroboam that God would divide Solomon’s kingdom and give ten of the twelve Tribes to Jeroboam (1 Kings 11:28-38; see JEROBOAM)
Allotment - ...
The allotment of the land of Canaan to the Tribes of Israel is recorded in Numbers 32:1 and Joshua 13-19 . ...
The remaining Tribes settled west of the Jordan
Genealogies - ' So also of the Tribes and families generally. In the future possession of the land there will be the twelve Tribes, and some of each of the twelve will be sealed for blessing
Assyria - Tiglath-pileser assisted Ahaz against a confederate army formed of the Syrian forces in league with those of the ten Tribes. On ascertaining this secret design of the Israelitish prince, Shalmanezer again invaded Israel, reduced Samaria, loaded its king with fetters, and transported the people of the land into Media, and put an end to the separate kingdom of the ten Tribes. The three Tribes located east of Jordan had already been deported into Media by Tiglath-pileser, when he ravaged Israel to save Ahaz, and the kingdom of Judah
Levitical Cities - To compensate them for this, they received the tithes of Israelites for their support (Numbers 18:21 ), and 48 cities were allotted to them from the inheritance of the other Tribes. These cities did not cease to belong to the Tribes within which they were located. The cities formed bases of operation so that the Levites could better infiltrate each of the Tribes to instruct them in God's covenant
Deborah - ...
Gathering of the Tribes of Israel, Judges 4:12-18 . Of the former, the main points are that at this time the Israelites had securely settled themselves in the mountainous districts, but had not as yet obtained any hold on the fertile lands of the Plain; that unity had not yet been established among the Tribes of Israel; and that the ‘twelve Tribes’ of later times had not yet all come into existence
Dinah - Simeon and Levi are Tribes. The weak Israelite clan, having become detached from the related Tribes, was overpowered by the Canaanite inhabitants of Shechem and incorporated. A counterattack of the Canaanites resulted immediately in the decimation of the tribe, and finally in the absorption of their remnants into the neighbouring Tribes
Jeroboam -
The son of Nebat (1 Kings 11:26-39 ), "an Ephrathite," the first king of the ten Tribes, over whom he reigned twenty-two years (B. Influenced by the words of the prophet Ahijah, he began to form conspiracies with the view of becoming king of the ten Tribes; but these having been discovered, he fled to Egypt (1 Kings 11:29-40 ), where he remained for a length of time under the protection of Shishak I. On the death of Solomon, the ten Tribes, having revolted, sent to invite him to become their king
Camp - 'The Camp' was a common expression used of Israel in the wilderness: the tabernacle in the centre and the twelve Tribes, each in its appointed place, arranged around it, composed the camp. ...
The order in which the Tribes were to march was also specified. " This alludes to those three being the Tribes which immediately followed the Ark, the symbol of God's presence. It will be seen that the Tribes were grouped under four leaders, each beingcalled a camp
Captivity - There were six subjugations of the twelve Tribes during the period of the judges. The Tribes east of the Jordan, with parts of Zebulun and Naphtali, Isaiah 9:1 , were the first sufferers. , which are variously interpreter to mean a past or a future return, a physical or a spiritual restoration, there is no evidence that the ten Tribes as a body ever returned to Palestine. Both Judah and Israel being removed from "the lot of their inheritance" in Canaan, and dispersed among strangers, the various Tribes would naturally amalgamate with each other, the envy of Judah and Ephraim would depart, and the memory of Abraham, Moses, and David would revive, Ezra 6:16,17 8:35 Ezekiel 37:26-28
Exile - (ex' ile) The events in which the northern Tribes of Israel were taken into captivity by the Assyrians and the events in which the southern Tribes of Judah were taken into captivity by the Babylonians. , with the Tribes located in the north known as Israel and the Tribes located to the south known as Judah. ) did the Assyrians began deporting people from the various Tribes of Israel. , Tiglath-pileser captured the cities of Naphtali (2 Kings 15:29 ) and carried away as captives the inhabitants of the Tribes of Naphtali, Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 5:26 ). These events marked the end of the ten northern Tribes (2 Kings 17:18 ). We do not know what happened to these people, thus the popular title—the lost Tribes of Israel
Reuben - ’...
The meaning of this alleged incest, stated in the language of tribal history, seems to be that the Reubenites committed some outrage upon the Bilhah clans, which was resented and punished by Israel, Dan, and Naphtali and perhaps other Tribes. In this way, therefore, it is implied, they may have brought upon themselves the displeasure of the other Tribes who stood upon a higher moral plane. The inviting pasturage of the East Jordan is said to have determined these pastoral Tribes to settle on the east. Moses, however, requires of them that they shall first cross over and aid the other Tribes in getting possession of their respective lots. deported the Tribes to Assyria in 734 ( 1 Chronicles 5:26 ). See also Tribes
Amos - But the ten Tribes of Israel were the chief subjects of his prophecies
de Smet, Pierre Jean - In 1838 he estabished a mission among the Potawatomies at Council Bluffs, and arranged a peace between them and the Sioux; in 1840 he was sent to the Flathead and Pend d'Oreille Tribes
John Shea - He spent several years in the Jesuit novitiate and studied at Saint John's College (modern Fordham University) then left the order and devoted himself to the study of early Indian missions and published the History of the Catholic Missions among the Indian Tribes of the United States, 1529-1854
Ethio'Pia - (Genesis 10:6 ) They were divided into various Tribes, of which the Sabeans were the most powerful
Gath - It is not mentioned as having been given to any of the Tribes
Stones, Precious - (Genesis 38:18 ) The twelve atones of the breastplate were engraved each one with the name of one of the Tribes
Mesopotamia - The petty, independent Tribes of this region, each under its own prince, were warlike, and used chariots in battle
Assurance: Excellence of - There are Tribes of Christians who live in the lowlands, like the poor Swiss of the Valais, who live between the lofty ranges of mountains in the midst of the miasma, where the air is stagnant and fever has its lair, and the human frame grows languid and enfeebled
Gilead - It comprised the possessions of the Tribes of Gad and Reuben and the south part of Manasseh (Deuteronomy 3:13 ; Numbers 32:40 )
God: His Benevolence in Creation - They are, therefore, framed beautiful to the eye, and pleasing to the ear; but of the reptile Tribes, some are his formidable enemies, and none were ever intended to be his associates
Anakim - There were various Tribes of Anakim (Joshua 15:14 )
Cuthah - Intermixing with the ten Tribes' remnant, they became progenitors of the Samaritans who are called "Cuthaeans" by the Jews
Molech - Though warned against this idolatry, common to all the Canaanite Tribes, though probably not of Canaanite origin, the Jews were repeatedly allured to adopt it
Ephraim - See Tribes of Israel; Patriarchs
Achish - It was probably this same king to whom David a second time repaired at the head of a band of 600 warriors, and who assigned him Ziklag, whence he carried on war against the surrounding Tribes (1Samuel 27:5-12)
Naphtali - See Tribes
Barak - He gathers an army of 10,000 men from the Tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun
Anna - One of "God's own elect, which cry day and night unto Him," looking for the promised redemption "unto which the twelve Tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come" (Acts 26:7; contrast Revelation 12:10; Luke 18:7; compare Exodus 38:8)
Birth-Right - He forfeited his birth-right for defiling his father's bed, and it was given to Joseph, who in Ephraim and Manasseh had a double portion among the Tribes
Nahash - Josephus relates that Nahash had successfully oppressed the Tribes on the east of the Jordan, which gave him self-confidence in making his terms to Jabesh-gilead; and says that Nahash was slain
Canaan - He had eleven sons, who were the founders of as many Tribes (10:15-18)
Arnon - ), and later, from that of the Eastern Tribes ( Joshua 12:1 etc
Dan - Jacob, when dying, prophesied concerning Dan in these remarkable words: (Genesis 49:16-17) "Dan shall judge his people as one of the Tribes of Israel
Ephod - On that part of it which crossed the breast was a square ornament called the choschen, containing precious stones, with the names on them of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Breastplate - On this breastplate were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel, and it was called, "the breastplate of judgment
Breastplate - It was called the memorial, Exodus 28:12; Exodus 28:29, inasmuch as it reminded the priest of his representative character in relation to the twelve Tribes; and it is also called the breastplate of judgment, Exodus 28:15, perhaps because it was worn by him who was instrumentally the fountain of justice and judgment to the Jewish church
Amorites - It was subsequently divided between the Tribes of Reuben and Gad, Numbers 13:29 ; Numbers 21:13 ; Numbers 21:25 ; Joshua 5:1 ; Joshua 11:3 ; Judges 11:19 ; Judges 11:22
Rehoboam - The Israelites would have made terms with Rehoboam; but, being a poor politician, and following the advice of some junior counsellors, he managed his business so imprudently that he lost the whole house of Israel, save the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin
Ajalon - Some regard this as the same place as the above, in possession of different Tribes at different times
Kedesh - It was the residence of Barak, Judges 4:6, and here Deborah assembled the Tribes of Zebulon and Naphtali
Mizpah or Mizpeh - A city of Benjamin, a central gathering-place of the Tribes in the period of the judges, Joshua 18:26 Judges 20:1,3 21:1
Nahum - He notices also the captivity and dispersion of the ten Tribes
Samson - The son of Manoah, of the tribe of Dan, a deliverer and judge of the southern Tribes of the Hebrews for twenty years, Judges 13:1 ; 16:31
Rechabites - They refused to partake of it; and their fidelity to their father's injunction was a severe reproof to the Jews; and the divine promise concerning the perpetuity of the family, Jeremiah 35:19 , was undoubtedly fulfilled, though it may now be impossible to distinguish temm, as some profess to do, among the Tribes of Central Arabia
Shea, John Dawson Gilmary - He spent several years in the Jesuit novitiate and studied at Saint John's College (modern Fordham University) then left the order and devoted himself to the study of early Indian missions and published the History of the Catholic Missions among the Indian Tribes of the United States, 1529-1854
Naph'Tali - (Numbers 2:25-31 ) In the apportionment of the land, the lot of Naphtali was enclosed on three sides by those of other Tribes
Manasseh - Forty years afterwards its numbers had increased to 52,700 (26:34,37), and it was at this time the most distinguished of all the Tribes. This territory on the east of Jordan was more valuable and of larger extent than all that was allotted to the nine and a half Tribes in the land of Palestine. ...
The whole "land of Gilead" having been conquered, the two and a half Tribes left their wives and families in the fortified cities there, and accompanied the other Tribes across the Jordan, and took part with them in the wars of conquest. The allotment of the land having been completed, Joshua dismissed the two and a half Tribes, commending them for their heroic service (Joshua 22:1-34 )
Gad (1) - In Genesis 49:19 translated "Gad, troops shall troop upon him (Gad , gedud ye -guddenu ), but he shall troop upon (yagud ) their rear" in retreat; alluding to the Arab tumultuous Tribes near, who would invade Gad, then retire, Gad pressing on them in retreat. Like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, of the Tribes they two alone remained shepherds still after the intervening centuries since Jacob left Canaan for Egypt. of Jordan for their possession (Numbers 32), as suited for their "multitude of cattle," but accompanied the nine Tribes and a half across Jordan to war with the Canaanites; and only after their conquest and the apportionment of the whole land to their brethren "at the doorway of the tabernacle of the congregation in Shiloh, before Jehovah" (Joshua 19:51; Joshua 22:1-8), were they dismissed "to their tents (for still they led a half nomadic life) and the land of their possession. God who gives a large territory to) Gad; he lieth down as a lioness, and teareth the arm, yea (aph , not with) the crown of the head (of his foes); and he provided the first part (the first-fruit portion of the land conquered by Israel) for himself, because there was the leader's (Gad's) portion reserved (saphun ), Gad at the head of the Tribes asked Moses for the conquered land E. , he according to his stipulation to Moses went at the head of the Tribes to conquer Canaan W
Arabia Felix - The changes of forty centuries render it impossible to distinguish either of these parent sources in the numerous Arab Tribes descended from them. These Tribes have traditions and peculiarities of their own, and incessant feuds; yet as a whole they are but one people, distinct from all others
Benjamin - ...
The history of the tribe contains a sad record of a desolating civil war in which they were engaged with the other eleven Tribes. After the Exile these two Tribes formed the great body of the Jewish nation (Ezra 1:5 ; 10:9 )
Gad - The Tribes of Reuben and Gad continued all through their history to follow the pastoral pursuits of the patriarchs (Numbers 32:1-5 ). It was carried into captivity at the same time as the other Tribes of the northern kingdom by Tiglath-pileser (1 Chronicles 5:26 ), and in the time of (Jeremiah 49:1 ) their cities were inhabited by the Ammonites
Conquest of Canaan - Some of the Israelite Tribes—Reuben, Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh—chose to settle in this newly conquered territory (Numbers 32:1 ). ...
Israelite Settlement The Israelite Tribes slowly settled Canaan without completely removing the native population. Even though some sections of the land remained to be conquered, God instructed Joshua to apportion Canaan to the Tribes which had not yet received territory (Joshua 13:7 ). Judges 1:1 describes the settlement as a slow process whereby individual Tribes struggled to remove the Canaanites. In the final analysis the Tribes had limited success in driving out the native population ( Judges 1:1 )
Gad - ...
The reason assigned by the traditions for the settlement of Gad and Reuben in Gilead is that they were pastoral Tribes, with large herds and flocks, and that they found the land pre-eminently adapted to their needs. They, therefore, obtained from Moses permission to settle on the east side of Jordan after they had first crossed the river and helped the other Tribes in the work of conquest (see Numbers 32:1-42 and Genesis 30:9 ). In David’s conflicts with Saul, the Gadites and other eastern Tribes came to his assistance. When the northern Tribes revolted, Jeroboam must have found the Gadites among his staunchest supporters, for it was to Penuel in Gadite territory that he moved the capital from Shechem in Ephraim (1 Kings 12:25 ). See also Tribes of Israel
Birthright - Thus Reuben was the first-born of the patriarchs, and so the priesthood of the Tribes belonged to him
Shewbread - ...
The number of the loaves represented the twelve Tribes of Israel, and also the entire spiritual Israel, "the true Israel;" and the placing of them on the table symbolized the entire consecration of Israel to the Lord, and their acceptance of God as their God
Shew-Bread, - Every Sabbath twelve newly baked loaves, representing the twelve Tribes of Israel, were put on it in two rows, six in each, and sprinkled with incense, where they remained till the following Sabbath
Michmash - "The freedom of Benjamin secured at Michmash led through long years of conflict to the freedom of all its kindred Tribes
Judah - The whole southern part of Palestine fell to Judah's lot; but the Tribes of Simeon and Dan possessed many cities which at first were given to Judah
Jabesh-Gilead - The story illustrates the drastic steps taken to preserve the unity of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Tabor - ) "The prominence and isolation of Tabor, standing, as it does, on the border-land between the northern and southern Tribes, between the mountains and the central plain, made it a place of note in all ages, and evidently led the psalmist to associate it with Hermon, the one emblematic of the south, the other of the north
Hagarenes - "...
The spoil shows their wealth as nomadic Tribes
Sheba - The best known of these was the Benjaminite who tried unsuccessfully to lead the northern Tribes to break away from the rule of David (2 Samuel 20:1-22)
Breastplate - It was set with twelve stones with the name of one of the 12 Tribes of Israel engraved on each stone; The breastplate was a special item worn by the high priest as he ministered in the tabernacle or Temple
Citizenship - Paul's Roman citizenship was of the lower kind, which though not entitling him to vote with the Tribes and enjoy a magistracy, yet secured to him the protection of the laws of the empire, and the right of appeal from his own hostile countrymen to Caesar, as also exemption from scourging (Acts 16:37; Acts 22:25-28; Acts 25:11)
Megiddo - In the division of Canaan among Israel’s Tribes, Megiddo came within the tribal allotment of Issachar
Foundations - It will rest upon the teachings and the experiences of the twelve Tribes of Israel, and also upon the experiences and teachings of the twelve apostles of the Lamb
Six - ...
The loaves on the table of shewbread were in two rows of six each, and this was a sufficient provision to represent all the Tribes of Israel
Frank - ) A member of one of the German Tribes that in the fifth century overran and conquered Gaul, and established the kingdom of France
Ahi'ah - (1 Kings 4:3 ) ...
A prophet of Shiloh, (1 Kings 14:2 ) hence called the Shilonite, (1 Kings 11:29 ) of whom we have two remarkable prophecies extant, the one in (1 Kings 11:30-39 ) addressed to Jeroboam, announcing the rending of the ten Tribes from Solomon; the other in (1 Kings 14:6-16 ) in which he foretold the death of Abijah, the king's son, who was sick, and the destruction of Jeroboam's house on account of the images which he had set up
Abi'Jah - He endeavored to recover the kingdom of the Ten Tribes, and made war on Jeroboam
Megid'do - (place of crowns ) was in a very marked position on the southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon, on the frontier line of the territories of the Tribes of Issachar and Manasseh, 6 miles from Mount Carmel and 11 from Nazareth
Hauran - It produces, however, crops of corn, and has many patches of luxuriant herbage, which are frequented in the summer by the Arab Tribes for pasturage
Perizzites - Because in Genesis 15:20 and Joshua 17:15 they are mentioned with the Rephaim, some have inferred that they were one of the pre-Semitic Tribes of Palestine
South Dakota - Father Pierre de Smet, aided by Father Christian and Father Adrian Hoecken, visited Indian Tribes of South Dakota from 1848 to 1850, and Father De Smet traveled among them again in 1868
ke'Desh - (Joshua 20:7 ; 21:32 ; 1 Chronicles 6:76 ) It was the residence of Barak, (Judges 4:6 ) and there he and Deborah assembled the Tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the conflict, being probably, as its name implies, a "holy place" of great antiquity
Judae'a, - (from Judah), a territorial division which succeeded to the overthrow of the ancient landmarks of the Tribes of Israel and Judah in their respective captivities
Government - Finally, a group of Tribes could be known as a people (Hebrew am ). Thus many scholars would argue that in the Song of Deborah (Judges 5:1 ) the warriors are related to their tribal territories more than their Tribes as a kinship group. Following the pattern of modern nomadic Tribes with a patriarchal organization, the Hebrew society was probably democratic. ...
Beginning with the Exodus, the Old Testament presents Israel as a people composed of numerous Tribes but with one leader. A confederation of Tribes was in existence during this period. Certainly the judge seems to have been the chief official of the confederacy of Tribes in that period prior to the monarchy. Although several Tribes might join together to fight a common enemy under the leadership of a judge, judgeship carried no sense of the permanence, hereditary character, or royal court of the monarchy. The judge was just an extension of the tribal chief or leader carried to a somewhat larger realm of a leader for several combined Tribes. His officials included military officers and a professional army alongside the old militia from the Tribes
Kohathites - ...
After the conquest, Kohathites descended from Aaron received thirteen cities from the Tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin (Joshua 21:4 ,Joshua 21:4,21:9-19 ; 1 Chronicles 6:54-60 ). The remaining Kohathites received ten cities from the Tribes of Dan, Ephraim, and Manasseh (Joshua 21:5 ,Joshua 21:5,21:20-26 ; 1Chronicles 6:61,1 Chronicles 6:66-70 )
Naphtali - At the two numberings of the Tribes Naphtali amounted to 53,400 and 45,400. When Jacob prophetically announced to the Tribes that which should befall them in the last days, he said, "Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words," Genesis 49:21 ; it is the remnant of Israel as the vessel of testimony
Benjamin - The two names may point to the union of two related Tribes, and the persistence of the traditions that Benjamin was the full brother of Joseph, whereas the other Joseph Tribes (Manasseh and Ephraim) are called sons, would indicate not only a close relationship to Joseph, but also a comparatively early development into an independent tribe. Benjamin, under Sheba, a kinsman of Saul, led in the revolt against David when the quarrel provoked by David’s partisanship broke out between Judah and the northern Tribes ( 2 Samuel 20:1 ff. See also Tribes
Shishak - ...
The division of the Tribes under Rehoboam gave Shishak the opportunity which he sought. ) Shishak has recorded this expedition on the wall of the great temple at Karnak; there is a list of the countries, cities and Tribes, ruled, conquered, or made tributary by him, including many Jewish names, Taanach, Rehob, Mahanaim, Gibeon, Bethhoron, Kedemoth, Aijalon, Megiddo, Ibleam, Almon, Shoco, one of Rehoboam's fenced cities, etc. of Judah, Jerahmeelites, Rekem (Petra), and the Hagarites, are all specified;...
(1) the Levitical and Canaanite cities are grouped together;...
(2) the cities of Judah;...
(3) Arab Tribes S
Deuteronomy -
The concluding chapters (31-34) constitute an historical appendix: Moses designates Josue as his successor, recites his magnificent prophetic canticle (32), blesses the twelve Tribes, views the Promised Land from the top of Mount Nebo, and dies
Levirate Marriage - As a religious ordinance the Levirate existed solely in Israel, though ethnologists claim that a similar custom, subject to various modifications, has been found in many Tribes
Hivites - One of the Tribes of Palestine which the Israelites displaced ( Exodus 3:8 ; Exodus 3:17 Races - In Genesis 10:1-32 , cities are frequently classed as Tribes or patriarchal personages
Judges, Book of - It is thus called because it relates the deeds of those temporary leaders who, under the name of "Judges" (practically they were dictators), ruled over a part at least of the Tribes of Israel, between the death of Josue and the days of Samuel
Josue, Book of - After crossing the Jordan and capturing Jericho the Israelites defeated the Chanaanites and divided the conquered territory among the twelve Tribes
Joshua, Book of - After crossing the Jordan and capturing Jericho the Israelites defeated the Chanaanites and divided the conquered territory among the twelve Tribes
Judah, Kingdom of - For the first sixty years the kings of Judah aimed at re-establishing their authority over the kingdom of the other ten Tribes, so that there was a state of perpetual war between them
Ahijah - We have on record two of his remarkable prophecies, 1Kings 11:31-39, announcing the rending of the ten Tribes from Solomon; and 1Kings 14:6-16, delivered to Jeroboam's wife, foretelling the death of Abijah the king's son, the destruction of Jeroboam's house, and the captivity of Israel "beyond the river
Kedesh - It was originally a Canaanite royal city (Joshua 12:22 ), and was the residence of Barak (Judges 4:6 ); and here he and Deborah assembled the Tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the commencement of the conflict with Sisera in the plain of Esdraelon, "for Jehovah among the mighty" (9,10)
Beersheba - The kingdom of the ten Tribes extended from Beersheba to Mount Ephraim (2 Chronicles 19:4 )
Marriage, Levirate - As a religious ordinance the Levirate existed solely in Israel, though ethnologists claim that a similar custom, subject to various modifications, has been found in many Tribes
Unicorn - In Deuteronomy 33:17, "his (Joseph's) horns are like the horns of an unicorn" (so margin rightly, not "unicorns"); "the ten thousands of Ephraim and the thousands of Manasseh," two Tribes sprung from the one Joseph, are the two horns from one head
Nebo - The Tribes Reuben and Gad requested the area around Nebo for their flocks (Numbers 32:2-3 )
Anah - " Those descendants alone of Seir are enumerated who, being heads of Tribes, were connected with Edom; so Anah is mentioned because he was head of a tribe, independently of his father
Head - Besides the common use of this as 'chief,' referring to the heads of families and heads of Tribes, the word was used symbolically of government and power, as when God declared that the Seed of the woman should bruise the serpent's 'head
Aaron - ...
Aaron bore the names of the twelve Tribes on his shoulders, so the Lord JESUS carries His people and their burdens on His shoulders
Ten - ...
The ten Tribes failed to walk with GOD and to bow to His will
Rabbah, Rabbath - It was not included in the cities taken by the Tribes on the east of the Jordan
Omri - From this time Samaria was the capital of the Kingdom of the ten Tribes
Dispersion - The dispersion included all the twelve Tribes, the ten Tribes carried away by the Assyrians as well as Judah carried to Babylon, though Judah alone returned to Palestine (James 1:1; Acts 26:7)
Maon - beyond) the Ammonites," namely, Tribes in the Syro-Arabian desert bordering upon Ammon on the N. The Maonites are mentioned instead of the Edomites, to imply that not only Edomites but Tribes from other parts of Mount Seir joined the invasion
Gallus (11), Abbat, the Apostle of Switzerland - 585, and in his exile from Luxeuil along the Rhine into Switzerland, and, apparently from his aptness at learning the languages, proved a most useful assistant in preaching to the Suevi, Helvetii, and neighbouring Tribes. shore of the Lake of Constance, and devoted his remaining years to the conversion of the wild Tribes inhabiting this eastern frontier of Austrasia
Hosea - The king of Assyria removed the Israelites of the ten Tribes to countries beyond the Euphrates, and thus terminated the kingdom of the ten Tribes
Samuel - The twelve Tribes, when he assumed their charge, were in a low condition both morally and politically he freed them from all foreign yokes, administered justice with vigor and impartiality, promoted education and true religion, united the Tribes, and raised them higher in the scale of civilization
Amorites - This combined Amorite territory east of Jordan later became the homeland of the Israelite Tribes of Reuben, Gad and the eastern half of Manasseh (Numbers 32:33). This area became the homeland of the remaining nine and a half Israelite Tribes
Ishmael - ...
Ishmael had been resolved into a conjectural personification of the founder of a group of Tribes; but the narrative is too vivid in its portrayal of incident and character, and too true in its psychological treatment, to support that view. Nor is it possible to say whether at any time a religious confederation of twelve Tribes was formed under the name of Ishmael, or if the name was adopted, because of its prominence, for the protection of some weaker Tribes. A dozen Tribes, scattered over the Sinaitic peninsula and the districts east of the Jordan, because of some similarity in civilization or language, or in some cases possibly under the influence of correct tradition, are grouped as kinsmen, being sons of Abraham, but of inferior status, as being descended from the son of a handmaid
Benjamin - On march it held the post between Manasseh and Ephraim, its brother Tribes, W. " How truly is attested by the war waged them alone (and victoriously at against all the Tribes, rather give up the wicked men of Gibeah (Judges 19; 20; compare Matthew 26:52). Similarly in Moses' prophecy (Deuteronomy 33:12), "Benjamin, the beloved of the Lord (attached to David = beloved after Saul's dynasty fell), shall dwell in safety by Him; the Lord shall cover him all the day long;" implying a longer continuance to Benjamin than to the other Tribes. So Benjamin alone survived with Judah, after the deportation of the ten Tribes to Assyria, arid accompanied Judah to and front the Babylonian captivity, and lasted until Shiloh came and until Jerusalem was destroyed. Hence at the severance of the ten Tribes Benjamin remained with Judah (1 Kings 12:23; 2 Chronicles 11:1). Moreover, a part of Benjamin including Bethel, the seat of Jeroboam's calf worship, went with the ten Tribes. They two alone were the royal Tribes. high in the nation, and to lead them to acquiesce in the choice of Saul as king, though belonging to "the smallest of the Tribes of Israel" (1 Samuel 9:21)
Anakim - The three Tribes bore the names of Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai
Banner -
The flag or banner of the larger kind, serving for three Tribes marching together
Og - The whole of his kingdom was assigned to the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half-Manasseh ( Deuteronomy 3:1-13 , Numbers 32:33 ; see also Deuteronomy 1:4 ; Deuteronomy 4:47 ; Deuteronomy 31:4 , Joshua 2:10 ; Joshua 9:10 ; Joshua 13:12 ; Joshua 13:30 )
James, Epistle of Saint - " The Epistle was addressed "to the twelve Tribes which are scattered abroad," i
Congregation - Each Israelite was member of a house; the family was a collection of houses; the tribe, a collection of families; the congregation, a collection of Tribes
Forest - After the Exodus, the inability of the Israelite Tribes to conquer much of their inheritance forced them to develop new settlements and camps in the wooded hill country
North Dakota - The tireless missionary, Father Pierre de Smet, visited the Mandans and the Gros Ventres, Indian Tribes of North Dakota, in 1864
Semite - The Elamites, Assyrians, Lydians, Arameans, and numerous Arab Tribes are said to have been descendants of Shem
Shechem - Shechem became famous as a Levite city, and a city of refuge, and still later as the capital of the ten Tribes under Jeroboam
Onyx - Two onyx stones, with six names of Israel's Tribes engraven on each, were on the high priest's shoulders as "stones of memorial unto Israel" (Exodus 28:9-12)
Epistle of Saint James - " The Epistle was addressed "to the twelve Tribes which are scattered abroad," i
Woman - ...
Revelation 12:1 (b) This woman represents the nation of Israel with her twelve patriarchs (or Tribes), and JESUS was the child born from Israel
Tiglathpileser, Tilgathpilneser - Scripture relates that Ahaz met him there, and also that he paid a heavy tribute; but the final result was that Tiglath-pileser, instead of helping Ahaz, distressed him, and carried away captive the Tribes on the east of the Jordan
Suburbs - It denotes the untilled ground outside a city or the “pasture land” belonging to the cities: “For the children of Joseph were two Tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore they gave no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in, with their suburbs for their cattle and for their substance” ( Lot - ...
Since the land of Palestine was allocated among the Tribes by the casting of the “lot,” these allotments came to be known as their lots: “This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom …” ( Manas'Seh - He was placed after his younger brother, Ephraim, by his grandfather Jacob, when he adopted them into his own family, and made them heads of Tribes
Province - (1 Kings 20:14,15,19 ) The victory of the former is gained chiefly "by the young" probably men of the princes of the provinces the chiefs: of Tribes in the Gilead country
Simeon - Before entering Canaan, the tribe of Simeon had become the lowest of the Tribes in point of number
Rear - Who now shall rear you to the sun, or rank your Tribes? ...
2
Manas'Seh - He was placed after his younger brother, Ephraim, by his grandfather Jacob, when he adopted them into his own family, and made them heads of Tribes
mo'Lech - Fire-gods appear to have been common to all the Canaanite, Syrian and Arab Tribes, who worshipped the destructive element under an outward symbol, with the most inhuman rites
pa'Ran, el-pa'Ran - Through this very wide wilderness, from pasture to pasture as do modern Arab Tribes, the Israelites wandered in irregular lines of march
Ephod - On top of each of the shoulders the ephod was fastened by two onyx clasps on which were engraved the names of six of the twelve Tribes. Twelve gem stones on the breastplate contained the names of the twelve Tribes
Reu'Ben - Though the Israelites all aided the Reubenites in conquering the land, and they in return helped their brothers to secure their own possessions, still there was always afterward a bar, a difference in feeling and habits, between the eastern and western Tribes. The pile of stones which they erected on the west bank of the Jordan to mark their boundary was erected in accordance with the unalterable habits of Bedouin Tribes both before and since
Captivity - There were six subjugations of the 12 Tribes during the period of the Judges. The Tribes east of the Jordan, with parts of Zebulun and Naphtali, 1 Chronicles 6:26; Isaiah 9:1, were the first sufferers. , which are variously interpreted to mean a past or a future return, a physical or a spiritual restoration, there is no evidence that the ten Tribes as a body ever returned to Palestine
Levites - But besides their services in the temple, they performed a very important part in teaching the people, 2 Chronicles 30:22 Nehemiah 8:7 , among whom they were scattered, binding the Tribes together, and promoting virtue and piety. Of these, thirteen were given to the priests, all in the Tribes near Jerusalem. After the revolt of the ten Tribes, a large portion of the Levites abandoned their cities in Israel, and dwelt in Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:12-14 13:9-11
Jeroboam - ...
Jeroboam the son of Nebat...
The books of Kings consistently condemn Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the man who led the northern Tribes to break away from the Davidic rule. From the prophet Ahijah, Jeroboam learnt that God would punish Solomon by splitting his kingdom and giving ten Tribes to Jeroboam. The northern Tribes readily crowned Jeroboam their king, in opposition to Solomon’s son, Rehoboam
Government of the Hebrews - "Now therefore present yourselves before the Lord by your Tribes, and by your thousands;" "the thousands of Judah;" "the thousands of Israel," &c, 1 Samuel 10:19 ; 1 Samuel 23:23 ; Judges 6:15 ; Numbers 26:5-50 . They held themselves in subjection to the "princes of the Tribes. " Both the princes and heads of families are mentioned under the common names of זקנים , seniors or senators, and שבטים ראשי heads of Tribes. Following the law of reason, and the rules established by custom, they governed with a paternal authority the Tribes and united families; and, while they left the minor concerns to the heads of individual families, aimed to superintend and promote the best interests of the community generally. Originally, it fell to the princes of the Tribes themselves to keep genealogical tables:...
subsequently, they employed scribes especially for this purpose, who, in the progress of time, acquired so great authority, that under the name of שוטרים , translated, in the English version, officers, they were permitted to exercise a share in the government of the nation. The authority which they had previously possessed, was continued in the time of Moses and after his time, to the princes of the Tribes, to the heads of families and combinations of families, and to the genealogists, Numbers 11:16 ; Deuteronomy 16:18 ; Deuteronomy 20:5 ; Deuteronomy 31:28 . The various civil officers that have been mentioned, namely, judges, heads of families, genealogists, elders, princes of the Tribes, &c, were dispersed, as a matter of course, in different parts of the country. When all that dwelt in any particular tribe were convened, they formed the legislative assembly of the tribe; and when they were convened in one body from all the Tribes, they formed in like manner the legislative assembly of the nation, and were the representatives of all the people, Joshua 23:1-2 ; Joshua 24:1 . Each tribe was governed by its own rulers, and consequently to a certain extent constituted a civil community, independent of the other Tribes, Judges 20:11-46 ; 1 Chronicles 28:7-10 ; Judges 1:21 . If any affair concerned the whole or many of the Tribes, it was determined by them in conjunction in the legislative assembly of the nation, Judges 11:1-11 ; 1 Chronicles 5:10 ; 1 Chronicles 5:18-19 ; 2 Samuel 3:17 ; 1 Kings 12:1-24 . If one tribe found itself unequal to the execution of any proposed plan, it might connect itself with another, or even a number of the other Tribes, Exodus 5:19 ; Judges 1:22 ; Judges 1:1-23 ; Judges 7:23-24 ; Judges 8:1-3 . But, although in many things each tribe existed by itself, and acted separately, yet in others they were united, and formed but one community: for all the Tribes were bound together, so as to form one church and one civil community, not only by their common ancestors, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; not only by the common promises which they had received from those ancestors; not only by the need in which they stood of mutual counsel and assistance; but also by the circumstance that God was their common King, and that they had a common tabernacle for his palace, and a common sacerdotal and Levitical order for his ministers. It ought to be observed, however, that not all the judges ruled the whole nation: some of them presided over only a few separate Tribes. David was first made king over Judah; but as he received his appointment from God, and acted under his authority, the other eleven Tribes submitted to him, 2 Samuel 5:1-3 ; 1 Chronicles 28:4-6
Genealogy - These belong to a well-recognized type, by which the relationship of nations, Tribes, and families is explained as due to descent from a common ancestor, who is often an ‘eponymous hero,’ invented to account for the name of the nation. In later chapters the same method is followed with regard to Tribes more or less closely related to Israel; the connexion is explained by deriving them from an ancestor related to Abraham. In Genesis 22:20 the twelve Aramæan Tribes are derived from Nahor his brother; in Genesis 25:12 twelve N. Arabian Tribes, nearer akin, are traced to Ishmael and Hagar; six others, a step farther removed, to Keturah, his second wife, or concubine ( Genesis 25:1 ). The existence of all the twelve sons of Jacob as individuals is on various grounds improbable; they represent Tribes, and in many cases their ‘descendants’ are simply individual names coined to account for cities, clans, and subdivisions of the Tribes ( Genesis 46:8 , Numbers 26:1-65 ). Abraham, and Tribes
Calf, Golden - After the secession of the ten northern Tribes, Jeroboam, with a view to turn his new subjects away from the temple of Jerusalem, and at the same time to cater to their naturalistic propensities, set up golden calves at Dan and Bethel (3Kings 12)
Dowry - The amount of the dowry depended on customs of the specific Tribes or clans and upon the economic and social class of the parties involved (1 Samuel 18:23-27 , a passage also showing that service could be substituted for money; compare Genesis 29:15-30 ; Joshua 15:16-17 )
Manoah - He was a worshipper of Jehovah, and a man of reverent piety; he was hospitable, like his ancestor Abraham; he shared the dislike of his people for the alien surrounding Tribes, and strongly deprecated an alliance between his son and the Philistines
Zoan - " This Pharaoh had warred successfully against the Shasous, the nomadic Tribes adjoining, and so his residing in N
Golden Calf - After the secession of the ten northern Tribes, Jeroboam, with a view to turn his new subjects away from the temple of Jerusalem, and at the same time to cater to their naturalistic propensities, set up golden calves at Dan and Bethel (3Kings 12)
Depart - It is probably the most common term in the Old Testament referring to the movement of clans and Tribes
Little - When thou wast little in thy own sight, wast thou not made the head of the Tribes? 1 Samuel 15
Language - Men had originally one and the same language, but the Tribes or families of men, since their dispersion, have distinct languages
Reuben - It was the ninth of the Tribes in the order of population when they entered Canaan, Numbers 1:21 26:7
Ephraim - " Samaria, the capital of the ten Tribes, being in Ephraim, this latter name is often used for the kingdom of Israel, Isaiah 11:13 Jeremiah 31:6 50:19
Deb'Orah - " The tyranny of Jabin, a Canaanitish king, was peculiarly felt in the northern Tribes, who were near his capital and under her jurisdiction
Jethro - Father-in-law of Moses, by whose counsel Moses chose chief men from the Tribes to be rulers of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, and to judge minor causes, reserving the weightier ones to himself (Exodus 18)
Altar - translators have carefully observed the distinction, using bomos for the altar which the two and a half Tribes erected, Joshua 22:10,11,16,19,23,26,34 , no Divine injunction being given for this; in Joshua 22:19,28,29 , where the altar ordained of God is mentioned, thusiasterion is used
Jews - Josue, the successor of Moses, brought them pack to Chanaan, and divided its territory among the twelve Tribes, which made up the nation. ...
During the period of conquest, the union among the Tribes was rather loose. Samuel succeeded in effecting a union among the Tribes, which was further strengthened when a kingdom was established and Saul was chosen as ita first king. Under his successors, David and Solomon, the nation reached the height of its glory; but Solomon's building activities, and his luxurious mode of life gradually increased taxation till it became oppressive and when Roboam, his son and successor, refused to lighten the burden, the ten northern Tribes revolted, and formed the Kingdom of Israel; the two southern Tribes, however, remained faithful to David's house, and formed the Kingdom of Juda
Desert - The same Hebrew word is used also to denote the wilderness of Arabia, which in winter and early spring supplies good pasturage to the flocks of the nomad Tribes than roam over it (1 Kings 9:18 ). Thus in both of these instances the word denotes a country without settled inhabitants and without streams of water, but having good pasturage for cattle; a country of wandering Tribes, as distinguished from that of a settled people (Isaiah 35:1 ; 50:2 ; Jeremiah 4:11 )
Caleb - ...
When, forty years later, a new generation had grown up and the people were about to enter Canaan, Moses appointed one leader from each of the twelve Tribes to assist the new leader Joshua and the high priest Eleazar in the division of the land. ...
Life in Canaan...
After several years of battle, Canaan belonged to Israel and was divided between the twelve Tribes
Transjordan - Center stage of the biblical narrative is the hill country west of the Jordan where most of the Israelite Tribes were settled and where the famous cities of Samaria, Shechem, Jerusalem, and Hebron were sited. ...
The Israelite Tribes of Reuben and Gad along with certain Manassite clans settled in the Transjordan—primarily in Gilead, it seems, although with some spillover into Bashan and into the traditionally Moabite territory immediately north of the Arnon (see especially Numbers 32:1 ). Later, after the establishment of the Hebrew monarchy, several Israelite and Judean kings attempted, some more successfully than others, to rule this portion of the Transjordan with which Israelite Tribes were associated. See Ammon; Arnon ; Bashan ; Decapolis ; Edom ; Gilead ; Jabbok ; Moab; Tribes of Israel
Manasseh, Tribe of - Among the Tribes of Israel there were two, Ephraim and Manasseh, that took their names not from Jacob’s sons but from his grandsons. As a result Joseph, through his two sons, received two Tribes, but each of his brothers received only one. ...
Manasseh differed from all other Tribes in Israel in that it was divided into two portions. In all there were nine and a half Tribes in Canaan and two and a half east of Jordan
Rest - ...
The Tribes of Israel also enjoyed God's gift of rest when they settled in the promised land, which flowed with milk and honey (see Joshua 1:13-15 ; 23:1 ). Joshua was given the task by Yahweh of leading the Tribes of Israel into the promised land, into the rest promised them by their God. However, the fuller meaning of the everlasting rest of God promised to his people and related to the gift of rest of the seventh day was not achieved by Joshua and the Tribes under the old covenant
Dan - These are heroic rather than historical tales, yet suggestive of the conditions that prevailed when the Tribes were establishing themselves. That the remnant of the family left in the South was either destroyed by its enemies, or, more likely, absorbed by the neighbouring Tribes, is made probable by Judges 1:35 , which ascribes the victory over their enemies to the ‘house of Joseph. See also Tribes
Mohammedanism - The religion founded by Mohammed after he had effected the conquest of Arabia and united its warring Tribes into one nation and one religion in 632
Phinehas - When representatives of the people were sent to expostulate with the two and a half Tribes who, just after crossing Jordan, built an altar and departed without giving any explanation, Phinehas was their leader, and addressed them in the words recorded in Joshua 22:16-20
Shewbread - The twelve loaves, representing the Tribes of Israel, were set in order every Sabbath day before the Lord, "on the behalf of the children," Leviticus 24:8 , RV (marg
Baal - It was known to the Israelites as Baal-peor (Numbers 25:3 ; Deuteronomy 4:3 ), was worshipped till the time of Samuel (1 Samuel 7:4 ), and was afterwards the religion of the ten Tribes in the time of Ahab (1 Kings 16:31-33 ; 18:19,22 )
Banner, Ensign, Standard - Song of Solomon 6:10 ) of the four great divisions of the Hebrew Tribes in the wilderness, according to the artificial theory of the priestly writer
Issachar - When Moses blessed the Tribes, Issachar and Zebulun are also placed together
Ziklag - ...
Thence David went up against the Geshurites, Gezrites, and Amalekites (1 Samuel 27:8-9; 1 Samuel 30:14; 1 Samuel 30:26), for these Tribes occupied the plateau overhanging the Philistine plain to the W
Jehoiachin - For this was the great desire of all the Tribes of Israel; and for the accomplishment of which they all earnestly longed for a numerous progeny of children
Cattle - 1:16: “These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the Tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands [2] in Israel
Simeon - " And in effect these two Tribes were scattered in Israel
Libya - These, its earlier inhabitants, appear in the times of the Old Testament, to have consisted of wandering Tribes, who were sometimes in alliance with Egypt, and at others with the Ethiopians of Arabia; as their are said to have assisted both Shishak and Zerah in their expeditions into Judea, 2 Chronicles 12, 14, 16
Eleazar - Eleazar entered Canaan, and, in conjunction with Joshua, divided it among the Tribes
Gerizim - The world has beheld few scenes more awful and suggestive than when, having conquered Canaan, all the Israelites were summoned to this place, and six Tribes were stationed on mount Gerizim to pronounce blessings on those who should obey God's law, and the other six on Mount Ebal to denounce curses on those who should break it; while all the people solemnly said, Deuteronomy 11:29 27:12-26 28:1-68
Mesopotamia - Here Abraham and Sarah were born, and the wives of Isaac, and Jacob, and most of the sons of Jacob, the heads of the twelve Tribes
Calf - ...
The golden calves of Jeroboam were erected by him, one at each extreme of his kingdom, that the ten Tribes might be prevented from resorting to Jerusalem to worship, and thus coalescing with the men of Judah, 1 Kings 12:26-29
Elder - The term elder, or old man as the Hebrew literally imports, was one of extensive use, as an official title, among the Hebrews and the surrounding nations, because the heads of Tribes and the leading people who had acquired influence were naturally the older people of the nation
Eleazar - God directed also that Joshua and Eleazar together were to be in charge of the work of dividing Canaan between Israel’s twelve Tribes (Numbers 34:17; cf
Joshua - Having thus subdued the Canaanites, Joshua divided the land among the Tribes, Timnath-serah in Mount Ephraim being assigned to himself as his own inheritance. Alike in bringing the people into Canaan, in his wars, and in the distribution of the land among the Tribes, from the miraculous crossing of Jordan and taking of Jericho to his last address, he was the embodiment of his new name, 'Jehovah is help
Joseph - The elder of Jacob’s two sons by Rachel, the eleventh Patriarch, the ancestor of the Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. It is admitted even by radical critics that Jesus deliberately chose twelve disciples (corresponding to the twelve Tribes of Israel), and it was natural that these should seek to keep their sacred number unimpaired
Sama'Ria - 925, Samaria retained its dignity as the capital of the ten Tribes, and the name is given to the northern kingdom as well as to the city. 721Samaria was taken, after a siege of three years, by Shalmaneser king of Assyria, (2 Kings 18:9,10 ) and the kingdom of the ten Tribes was put an end to
Caleb - The deputies sent on this occasion were twelve in number, selected one out of each of the Tribes, and they performed their commission with great promptitude and skill; they traversed the country in every direction, bringing with them, on their return, some of its finest fruits for the inspection of their brethren. When Joshua had entered the promised land, and conquered a considerable part of it, Caleb, with the people of his tribe, came to meet him at Gilgal, and finding that he was about to divide the land among the twelve Tribes, Caleb petitioned to have the country which was inhabited by the giants allotted to him, on which Joshua blessed him and granted his request
Joshua - After this early and united victory, the Tribes may have divided for their future settlements, and the separate conquests may have been carried out, as the traditions in Jg. The writers naturally grouped all this round the name of one who had been able, though only for a short time, to give the Tribes a sense of unity and to begin their assault on their new land. But only on the supposition that there was something to idealize is it possible to understand why a man, who belongs to a clan in Ephraim which is otherwise unknown, came to be set up as the hero under whom they won their foothold among the nations, and passed from wandering Tribes into a people. He brought out certain features in connexion with the passage of Jordan the fear inspired in the Canaanites, the presence of the 2 1 / 2 Tribes, the exaltation of Joshua by Jahweh (Joshua 2:10 f. The latter passages represent South Palestine as conquered, not in one sweeping rush, but gradually; not by the action of the united Tribes under one head, but by the effort of one tribe or of several in combination. It began with the assembly of the Tribes at Shiloh for the division (Joshua 18:1 ), and a statement as to the lot assigned to the 2 1 /2 Tribes ( Joshua 13:15-32 ). He introduced the division of the land with a review of the undivided land, and a statement of the lot assigned to the 2 1 /2 Tribes (Joshua 13:1-14 ). Before the lot of Benjamin he placed the statement of a survey made for the seven remaining Tribes ( Joshua 18:2-6 ; Joshua 18:8-10 [from JE [4] took the account of the dismissal of the 2 1 /2 Tribes ( Joshua 22:9-34 ) from P Judges, Theology of - Rather than a nation acting in concert and in faith, Deborah's song includes curses against other Tribes that did not join the battle (5:15b-18,23). A great victory once again erupts in factional rivalry and quarreling among the Tribes and clans (8:1-9). 17-18) suggests that the author was making a point about idolatry in the northern Tribes. The author may be making the point that the northern Tribes were always involved in idolatry. From a point in time after the schism and the erection of golden calves at Dan and Bethel by Jeroboam, the author could in effect be saying, "Look, this is no surprise—those Tribes were always prone to false worship and idolatry. " These chapters both describe the idolatry in Israel during the period of the judges, and also make a political point against the northern Tribes in favor of the temple-centered religion in Judah described in Samuel and Kings. After the death of the concubine the Levite rallies the Tribes to war against Benjamin. Underlying the details of the story is a political allegory addressed to those from Ephraim and the northern Tribes: Who will treat you well? [2] Who will treat you poorly? [3] Who will remove the aliens from Jebus and make it safe? Everyone reading the story knows that David and his lineage were from Bethlehem, and that David had made Jebus/Jerusalem a safe city. The story appears to advocate loyalty from the northern Tribes to a family from Bethlehem, rather than to a family from the corrupt Gibeah (Saul and his descendants)
King, Kingship - This decline of tribal leadership coupled with the threat of the Philistines to all Tribes of Israel threatened the existence of Israel itself. Unlike Saul, David was able to fuse the Tribes of Israel together into a nation who owed allegiance to the crown, to establish and maintain a court, and to establish a standing army. What had been a loose union of twelve Tribes became a complex empire centered around the person of David. Because of his charismatic personality, David was able to effect the union of the northern and southern Tribes (something Saul was apparently unable to do). The subjugated lands paid tribute to David and not to the individual Tribes
Naphtali - But that they are both traced to Bilhah indicates that they were Tribes of minor importance, inferior in strength, and of less consequence in the national development at the time when these relationships were created, than the Tribes which sprang from Rachel. See also Tribes
Calf - ...
Ages after this, Jeroboam, king of Israel, set up two idol calves, one at Dan, and the other at Bethel, that he might thus prevent the ten Tribes from resorting to Jerusalem for worship (1 Kings 12:28 )
Beth-Horon - The border between the Tribes of Ephraim and Benjamin was at Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3 ,Joshua 16:3,16:5 ; Joshua 18:13-14 )
Gad - See Tribes of Israel
Divided Kingdom - God chose Jeroboam, son of Nebat, to lead the rebellion of the northern Tribes after the death of Solomon (1 Kings 11:26-40 )
Banner - When the Israelites left Sinai for the land of Canaan, they marched under the banner of four major Tribes: Judah, Reuben, Ephraim, and Dan (Numbers 10:1 )
Barak - He was called by Deborah the prophetess (who judged Israel at that time) to collect from the Tribes of Naphtali and Zebulon 10,000 men that God might deliver into his hand Sisera, the captain of the army of Jabin, king of Canaan, who had 900 chariots of iron, and who had mightily oppressed the children of Israel twenty years
Abomination - The Egyptians themselves reared cattle, as Pharaoh's offer to make Joseph's brethren "overseers of his cattle" proves (Genesis 47:6), and as their sculptures and paintings show; but they abominated the nomad shepherds, or Bedouins, because the Egyptians, as being long civilized, shrank, and to the present day shrink, from the lawless predatory habits of the wandering shepherd Tribes in their vicinity
Case - ) That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstances; condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a case of injustice; the case of the Indian Tribes
Gilead - The northern part is cultivated and has numerous villages; but the southern is mostly held by nomadic Tribes, with but little cultivation, and having but one inhabited town now, called es Salt, 32 2' N, 35 42' E
Bashan - The country is now nominally under Turkish rule, but is really held by Tribes of Arabs, dangerous, warlike, and unsubdued
Bethel - House of God, the name of a city west of Hai, on the confines of the Tribes of Ephraim and Benjamin, Genesis 12:8 28:10-22 , and occupying the spot where Jacob slept and had his memorable dream, the name he then gave it superseding the old name Luz, Judges 1:23
Gilead - The northern part is cultivated and has numerous villages; but the southern is mostly held by nomadic Tribes, with but little cultivation, and having but one inhabited town now, called es Salt, 32 2' N, 35 42' E
Medes - They then consisted of petty chieftains and Tribes without central government. ...
In Sargon's reign the ten Tribes were removed to the cities of the Medes (2 Kings 17:6). Cyaxares subdued the Scythians (those of Zagros range and the kindred Tribes invited by the former from the N. Herodotus divides the Medes into six Tribes, of which the Arizanti (of Aryan descent) seem the first, then the Paretaceni, Struchates, Busae; lastly the Budii (the Putiya of the Persian inscriptions) and Magi (the priest caste, a Scythic tribe incorporated by the Medes with themselves, foreigners admitted into the nation)
Chronicles, Books of - After tracing the origins of Israel (1:1-54), the genealogies deal with the Tribes of Judah and Simeon (2:1-4:43), the two and a half eastern Tribes (5:1-26), the Levites (6:1-81), and the remaining Tribes (7:1-8:40). ...
Although the northern Tribes broke away from Jerusalem after Solomon’s death, the Chronicler refused to recognize them as a separate legitimate kingdom
Polytheism - Among many savage Tribes there are no words but for objects of external sense: is it surprising that such people are incapable of expressing their religious perceptions, or any perception of internal sense? The conviction that men have of superior powers, in every country where there are words to express it, is so well vouched, that, in fair reasoning, it ought to be taken for granted among the few Tribes where language is deficient. " The same ingenious author allows, with great strength of reasoning, that the operations of nature and the government of this world, which to us loudly proclaim the existence of a Deity, are not sufficient to account for the universal belief of superior beings among savage Tribes. All savage Tribes are at present polythesists and idolaters; but among savages every instinct appears in greater parity and vigour than among people polished by arts and sciences; the instinct or primary impression of nature which gives rise to self-love, affection between the sexes, &c. Many causes, however, would conspire to dissolve this family, after the death of its ancestor, into separate and independent Tribes, of which some would be driven by violence, or would voluntarily wander in a distance from the rest. From this dispersion great changes would take place in the opinions of some of the Tribes respecting the object of their religious worship
Apostle - They were twelve in number, answering to the twelve Tribes
Mystical Numbers - The Apostles will sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes of Israel
Samaritan Pentateuch, - The two most usual opinions are --
That it came into the hands of the Samaritans as an inheritance from the ten Tribes whom they succeeded
Hazor - Jabin the king with his allied Tribes here encountered Joshua in a great battle
Korah - , well-known men from among the other Tribes, joined this conspiracy
Megiddo - Barak rallied the warriors of the northern Tribes, and under the encouragement of Deborah (q
Gerizim - On the slopes of this mountain the Tribes descended from the handmaids of Leah and Rachel, together with the tribe of Reuben, were gathered together, and gave the responses to the blessing pronounced as the reward of obedience, when Joshua in the valley below read the whole law in the hearing of all the people; as those gathered on Ebal responded with a loud Amen to the rehearsal of the curses pronounced on the disobedient
Ekron - It probably lay on the border between the Tribes
Idumaea - They were partly destroyed, partly absorbed, by the Bedouin Tribes who claimed descent through Esau from Abraham, and who were acknowledged by the Israelites as late as the date of the Deuteronomic codes as brethren ( Deuteronomy 23:7 )
Pillar - Moses set up twelve pillars to commemorate the giving of the law to the Tribes of Israel (Exodus 24:4 )
Numbers, Mystical - The Apostles will sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes of Israel
Thyati'ra, - (Revelation 2:18-29 ) The principal deity of the city was Apollo; but there was another superstition, of an extremely curious nature which seems to have been brought thither by some of the corrupted Jews of the dispersed Tribes
Jabesh (1) - For not having come to Mizpeh at Israel's command, under an imprecatory oath against all defaulters, when the Tribes began war with Benjamin (Judges 20:1-3; Judges 21:5), its males were all killed, and its virgins, 400 in number, were given in marriage to the 600 Benjamites who survived the war with Israel (Judges 21:1; Judges 21:8-14)
Elder - After the settlement in Canaan they were named "elders of Israel" or "of the land" (1 Samuel 4:3; 1 Kings 20:7) or "of the Tribes" (Deuteronomy 31:28) or "of the city," (Deuteronomy 19:12, compare Deuteronomy 16:18; Ruth 4:9; Ruth 4:11)
Zarephath - ...
While, in the theoretical division of the Holy Land among the twelve Tribes by Joshua, Zarephath fell into the lot of Asher, going down, as that did, ‘even unto great Sidon,’ ‘and to the fortified city of Tyre’ (Joshua 19:28 f
Chaldea - One such group was the Chaldeans, whose name derives from the ancient term Kaldai , which refers to several Aramean Tribes who moved into lower Mesopotamia between 1000,900 B
Feud - The word is not strictly applicable to wars between different nations, but to intestine wars, and to quarrels and animosities between families or small Tribes
Korah, Dathan, Abiram - These last two narratives are memorials of the struggles that took place, and the various stages that were passed through, before the prerogatives of Levi were admitted by the other Tribes, and those of the house of Aaron by the other Levitical families
Count - Some Tribes of rude nations count their years by the coming of certain birds among them at certain seasons, and leaving them at others
Patriarchs - Heads of races, Tribes, clans, and families
Hezekiah - He tried to restore the worship of Jehovah, removing "high places," and destroying the brazen serpent; consult 2 Chronicles 28:22-25; for the final deportation of the Ten Tribes see 2 Kings 17:1-41; 2 Kings 18:9-12; and for his revolt against the Assyrians compare 2 Kings 18:1-37; 2 Chronicles 32:1-33
Aramean - The Arameans were rarely gathered into a cohesive political group; rather they lived as independent towns and Tribes settled by nomads prior to 1000 B
Divide - The word châlaq is also important in the description of the “dividing” of the land of Canaan among the various Tribes and clans ( Anna - 36), which, though one of the Ten Tribes of the Dispersion, was still represented in Palestine
Ephod - 28:27-28) and had shoulder straps set in onyx stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve Tribes
Covenant - Covenant between Tribes, Joshua 9:6; Joshua 9:15; 1 Samuel 11:1, or between individuals, Genesis 31:44
Deuteronomy - In Deuteronomy 32:1-52 we have the song of Moses; in chapter 33 Moses' blessing of the twelve Tribes
Ephraim - Jacob adopted them as patriarchs, or heads of Tribes, equally with his own sons
Ephraim - The ark and tabernacle remained long in this tribe at Shiloh; and after the separation of the ten Tribes, the seat of the kingdom was in Ephraim, and hence Ephraim is frequently used to denote the whole kingdom
James, Epistle of - ...
...
It was addressed to the Jews of the dispersion, "the twelve Tribes scattered abroad
Abijah - He made war against Jeroboam, king of Israel, for the purpose of getting back the kingship of the ten Tribes, and defeated him, with a loss of 500,000 men
Beard - Some Arabian Tribes, it seems, did this in devoting themselves to an idol-god
Ishmael - Overcome with heat and thirst, and then miraculously relieved, he remained in the wilderness of Paran, took a wife from Egypt, and was the father of twelve sons, heads of Arab Tribes
Joshua - Joshua led Israel over the Jordan, and took possession of the promised land; he conquered the Canaanites, and then distributed the country among the Tribes
Rabbath - From this time it became subject to the kings of Judah; but the kings of Israel subsequently became masters of it, with the Tribes beyond Jordan
New Moon - In the kingdom of the ten Tribes, it seems to have been a custom of the people to visit the prophets at the new moons, for the purpose of carrying them presents, and hearing their instructions, 2 Kings 4:23
Hin'Nom - The earliest mention of the valley of Hinnom is in ( Joshua 15:8 ; 18:16 ) where the boundary line between the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin is described as passing along the bed of the ravine
Phin'Ehas - (Numbers 31:6 ) Many years later he also headed the party which was despatched from Shiloh to remonstrate against the altar which the transjordanic Tribes were reported to have built near Jordan
Covenant - a solemn compact or agreement, either between Tribes or nations, (Joshua 9:6,15 ; 1 Samuel 11:1 ) or between individuals, (Genesis 31:44 ) by which each party bound himself to fulfill certain conditions and was assured of receiving certain advantages
Bashan - ...
When all the conquered lands east of Jordan were divided between Israel’s two and a half eastern Tribes, Bashan fell within the tribal area of Manasseh (Joshua 13:29-31)
Palestine - Palestine was early inhabited by seven Tribes—as, Hittites, Gergashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, Deuteronomy 7:1; and other Tribes are also noted as occupying adjacent regions
Shiloh - Here the Israelites assembled at the completion of the conquest, and erected the Tent of Meeting; portions were assigned to the still landless Tribes, and cities to the Levites ( Joshua 18:1 etc. At Shiloh the congregation deliberated regarding the altar built by the men of the eastern Tribes in the Jordan Valley ( Joshua 22:12 ff
High Priest - Each of the shoulder-straps was adorned with a precious stone, on which the names of the twelve Tribes were engraved. These stones had the names of the twelve Tribes engraved on them
Baasha - Son of Ahijah, of Issachar, first of the second dynasty of kings of the ten Tribes' northern kingdom, which supplanted Jeroboam's dynasty (1 Kings 15:27). And after them out of all the Tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the Lord God of their fathers
Ephod - On the shoulders were fastened two stones, engraved with the names of the twelve Tribes, sixnames on each stone; so that whenever Aaron wore the ephod the twelve Tribes were represented
Elders - By this name we understand the heads of Tribes, or rather of the great families in Israel, who, before the settlement of the Hebrew commonwealth, had a government and authority over their own families, and the people. But it is credible, that as there were twelve Tribes, there were seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, and that seventy is set down, instead of seventy-two; or rather, that Moses and Aaron should be added to the number seventy, and that, exclusive of them, there were but four elders from the tribe of Levi
Tabernacle - It was placed in the midst of the camp, and the Hebrews were ranged in order about it, according to their several Tribes. Part of the Tribes went before, and the rest followed after, and the baggage of the tabernacle marched in the centre
First-Born - In consequence of God having taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the first-born to serve him as priests, the first-born of the other Tribes were to be redeemed, at a valuation made by the priest not exceeding five shekels, from serving God in that capacity, Numbers 18:15-16 , Luke 2:22 , &c. The tribe of Judah, accordingly, even before it gave kings to the Hebrews, was every where distinguished from the other Tribes
Judges - Thus it was chiefly the land east of the Jordan that Ehud, Jephthah, Elon, and Jair delivered and governed; Barak and Tola governed the northern Tribes; Abdon the central; and Ibzan and Samson the southern. To chastise them, he suffered the people of Mesopotamia and of Moab, the Canaanites, Midianites, Ammonites, and Philistines, in turn to oppress by their exactions apart of the Tribes, and sometimes the whole nation
mo'ab - From this centre the brother Tribes spread themselves. 200, at the time when the Yemen Tribes Galib and Gassara entered the eastern districts of the Jordan
Ephod - On the shoulders were fastened two stones, engraved with the names of the twelve Tribes, sixnames on each stone; so that whenever Aaron wore the ephod the twelve Tribes were represented
Tiglath-Pileser - Five months after his accession he marched into Babylonia to overthrow the power of the Aramæan Tribes. 744 he went to Namri to punish the Tribes who harassed the Assyrian border. An attack upon Samsi, queen of the Arabians, followed, the result being that a number of Tribes Sabæans, Mas’æans, etc
Number Systems And Number Symbolism - The Tribes of Israel and Jesus' disciples numbered twelve. When Levi ceased to be counted among the Tribes, the Joseph Tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh, were counted separately to keep the number twelve intact. An apocryphal tradition holds that seventy-two Jewish scholars, six from each of the twelve Tribes, translated the Old Testament into Greek, to give us the version we call today the Septuagint. The 144,000 servants of God (Revelation 7:4 ), were made up of 12,000 from each of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Numbers as Symbols - ) There were twelve patriarchs, ancestors of the twelve Tribes, who are commemorated in the twelve loaves on the table, the twelve stones in the breastplate and twelve names on the shoulders of the high priest; the twelve stones taken out of Jordan, and the twelve stones placed in the bed of the river; also in the woman with a crown of twelve stars. The twelve apostles will sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes. The new Jerusalem will have twelve foundations for its walls with the names of the twelve apostles; it will have twelve gates, consisting of twelve pearls, with the names of the twelve Tribes inscribed, the gates will be attended by twelve angels. The Tribes were tested forty years in the wilderness
Ephraim - ]'>[5] ’s Sinai census gives 40,500 men of war (Numbers 1:33 ), but this is reduced at the Plains of Moab to 32,500 (26:37), which is less than any of the Tribes except Simeon, which ‘hardly existed except in name’ (Sayce, Hist. Ephraim was the strongest of the Tribes and foremost in leadership, but was compelled to yield the hegemony to David. See also Tribes of Israel
Aaron - When the ransomed Tribes fought their first battle with Amalek in Rephidim, Moses stood on a hill overlooking the scene of the conflict with the rod of God in his outstretched hand. That there might be further evidence of the divine appointment of Aaron to the priestly office, the chiefs of the Tribes were each required to bring to Moses a rod bearing on it the name of his tribe. When the Tribes arrived at Mount Hor, "in the edge of the land of Edom," at the command of God Moses led Aaron and his son Eleazar to the top of that mountain, in the sight of all the people
Judge - Their authority extended only over those Tribes by whom they had been elected or acknowledged
Bread - They were square or oblong, and represented the twelve Tribes of Israel
Numbering of the People - Besides the numbering of the Tribes mentioned in the history of the wanderings in the wilderness, we have an account of a general census of the whole nation from Dan to Beersheba, which David gave directions to Joab to make (1 Chronicles 21:1 )
Abner - Among the other Tribes there was a feeling of hostility to Judah; and Abner, at the head of Ephraim, fostered this hostility in the interest of the house of Saul, whose son Ish-bosheth he caused to be proclaimed king (2Samuel 2:8)
Kadesh - ) At the end of these years of wanderings, the Tribes were a second time gathered together at Kadesh
Becher - In a border raid on cattle (1 Chronicles 7:21) the Ephraimites had been slain by the men of Gath who invaded Goshen; thus Ephraimite heiresses, for lack of Ephraimite husbands, would marry into other Tribes
Syria - Second, this was followed by a short period of independence, when the Jewish nation in the south was growing in power, until it reached its early zenith in the golden days of Solomon; and when Tyre and Sidon were rich cities, sending their traders far and wide, over land and sea, as missionaries of civilization, while in the north the confederate Tribes of the Hittites held back the armies of the kings of Assyria
Kadesh - ) At the end of these years of wanderings, the Tribes were a second time gathered together at Kadesh
Galilee - The Tribes of Naphtali, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dan occupied the territory which covered approximately the forty-five-mile stretch between the Litani River in Lebanon and the Valley of Jezreel in Israel north to south and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River west to east
Massah And Meribah - There the Tribes were blended into a strong unity
Mesopotamia - 1200-1100, by a vast number of petty Tribes, each under its own prince, and all quite independent of each other, Judges 3:8-10; 2 Kings 19:12-13; Isaiah 37:12, until subjugated by the kings of Assyria
Bread - It typified the nourishment that God would provide for Israel in Christ, as well as the ordering of the twelve Tribes before Him; in them was the administration of God's bounty through Christ for the earth, as Christ is now the sustainment for the Christian
Sepharvaim - From southern Ava, Cuthah, and Hamath, the Assyrian king brought colonists to people Samaria, after the ten Tribes were deported (2 Kings 17:24)
Congregation - The associations of συναγωγή were against its Christian use, though it is retained in James 2:2 to describe an assembly of Jewish-Christians; but this is explained by the destination of the letter-‘to the twelve Tribes which are of the Dispersion
Stones - ...
The "white stone" in Revelation 2:17 is a glistering diamond, the Urim ("light" answering to "white") borne by the high priest within the "breast-plate" (choshen ) of judgment, with the twelve Tribes' names on the twelve precious stones, next the heart
Samaria - This city was built by Omri, king of Israel, and came into prominence by becoming the capital of the kingdom of the ten Tribes
Lots, Casting - ...
The land being 'divided by lot' in a future day means rather that the land will be 'allotted,' for God has Himself directed where each of the twelve Tribes shall be situated
Jannes - Numenius, cited by Aristobulus, says that Jannes and Jambres were sacred Tribes of the Egyptians, who excelled in magic at the time when the Jews were driven out of Egypt
Solomon - The prosperity of his reign was interrupted by disquiets in Edom and Syria; and he was foretold of the revolt of the ten Tribes
Jubilee - It served to maintain a degree of equality among the Hebrew families; to perpetuate the division of lands and households according to the original Tribes, and secure a careful registry of the genealogy of every family
Sidon - Upon the division of Canaan among the Tribes by Joshua, Great Zidon fell to the lot of Asher, Joshua 11:8 19:28 ; but that tribe never succeeded in obtaining possession, Judges 1:31 3:3 10:12
na'Hum - (McClintock and Strong come to the conclusion that Nahum was a native of Galilee that at the captivity of the ten Tribes he escaped into Judah, and prophesied in the reign of Hezekiah, 726-698
ju'Dah - The families of Judah occupy a position among the Tribes similar to that which their progenitor had taken among the patriarchs
Chron'Icles, First And Second Books of, - The genealogies are obviously transcribed from some register in which were preserved the genealogies of the Tribes and families drawn up at different times; while the history is mainly drawn from the same document as those used in the books of King
Brethren - Exodus 2:11), with special emphasis on the bond thus established between the various single Tribes (e. clans and single Tribes (see Deuteronomy 18:7, where the Levite’s ‘brethren’ are his fellow-Levites); (4) metaphorical applications which are too general and too various for exact delimitation
Elam - They belonged to the great family of barbarous or semi-barbarous Tribes which occupied the highlands to the east and north of the Semites before the influx of the Aryans. Shortly thereafter, when Assyria itself declined and fell, Elam was occupied by the rising Aryan Tribes, the Medes from the north and the Persians from the south
Prince - nâsî ’, ‘one lifted up,’ is applied to chiefs of Tribes, princes of Ishmael ( Genesis 17:20 ), to Abraham ( Genesis 23:6 ), to Shechem ( Genesis 34:2 ), to Sheshbazzar ( Ezra 1:8 ). It is often used of the heads of the Israelitic Tribes, and translated ‘ruler’ in AV Joseph the Son of Jacob - Manasseh and Ephraim would therefore become heads of Tribes in Israel. Joseph, by receiving two Tribes instead of one, received the inheritance of the firstborn (Genesis 48; Genesis 49:22-26; 1 Chronicles 5:1-2)
Levites - Levi in this census was the fewest tribe in numbers, but in the other Tribes servants not pure Israelites were enumerated, whereas in Levi only pure Israelites. ) The phrase "the Levite that is within thy gates" is appropriate (Deuteronomy 14:27), for the Levites' cities did not cease to belong to the Tribes within which they lay. Thus Levites are occasionally spoken of as belonging to other Tribes, namely, those within whose territory they resided (1 Deuteronomy 8:6; Judges 17:7; 1 Samuel 1:1). They are among the sealed Tribes (Revelation 7). It is the peculiarity of the Mosaic system, as distinguished from pagan systems, that the Levites, the ministers of religion, not merely performed religious rites, but without vows of celibacy, freely intermarrying with the other Tribes, were dispersed among the nation to teach moral and religious truths to all, of whom they formed the twelfth part (Deuteronomy 31:9-13). Thus they consolidated the union of the Tribes by the strongest tie, religion
Elder - ...
Elders in the Old Testament From the beginning of Israelite history, the elders were the leaders of the various clans and Tribes. When the Tribes came together to form the nation of Israel, the elders of the Tribes naturally assumed important roles in governing the affairs of the nation
Ephraim (1) - As regards Ephraim himself, he was doubly blessed:...
(1) in being made, as well as Manasseh, a patriarchal head of a tribe, like Jacob's immediate sons (Genesis 48:5); as Judah received the primary birthright (Reuben losing it by incest, Simeon and Levi by cruelty), and became the royal tribe from whence king David and the Divine Son of David sprang, so Ephraim received a secondary birthright and became ancestor of the royal tribe among the ten Tribes of Israel (Genesis 49:3-10; Genesis 49:22-26). - The two great Tribes of Judah and Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) took their inheritance first. Jealous sensitiveness as to any exploit achieved without Ephraim's sharing in it betrayed at once their tribal self importance and their recognized high standing among the Tribes. ...
From the time of the severance of the ten Tribes from Judah, brought about by Rehoboam's infatuation and Jeroboam's ("ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph") rousing Ephraim's innate self-elation, Ephraim became the representative and main portion of the northern kingdom; for the surrounding pagan, the luxurious Phoenicians, the marauding Midianites, the Syrians and Assyrians from the N
Arabia, Arabs - In the desert there goes on a constant, if for the most part a slow, interchange in the rise and fall of Tribes and tribal names. A brave tribe may be weakened by famine or defeat; it may be compelled to migrate or to adopt a settled mode of life, and thus its name becomes lost among a peasant population; or it may become otherwise broken up and its fragments attached to other Tribes, so that small clans by assimilating foreign elements become great Tribes. This tract of country, so far as we can learn, has always been peopled by Arab Tribes
Judges, the Book of - Judges 1, Israel's relations to Canaan, geographical and political, what the several Tribes and houses achieved, or otherwise, in conquering the land; Judges 2 - 3:6, Israel's relations religiously to the Lord, this second portion tells us the reason of Israel's failure to drive out the Canaanite remnant and of their falling under oppressors, namely, apostasy; Jehovah leaving those nations in order to prove Israel whether they would obey Him. The unanimity of the Tribes implies an early date; also the mention of Aaron's grandson Phinehas (compare Judges 20:28 with Joshua 22:13; Joshua 24:33). The usages, mutilation (Judges 1:6-7), blood feuds (Judges 8:19), the intermixture of ruling people and subject Tribes (Judges 1:19-36), the hiding of the oppressed in caves (Judges 6:2), earrings worn by men (Judges 8:24-26), women peeping through the lattice (Judges 5:28), fables (Judges 9:7), riddles (Judges 14:12) to be solved at a forfeit, all accord with oriental usage, and occur so naturally and incidentally as to exclude suspicion of design. Only the Tribes oppressed at a particular time are noticed; the rest walking according to the law, and therefore at peace, do not come under consideration. He fulfilled His threats in the ever deepening oppression of the foe, the Philistine crowning all, and in the internal disunion of the nation's Tribes. Ephraim fought with Jephthah and the eastern Tribes to its own sore loss. The appended histories are placed at the end not to interrupt the historical sequence of judges according to the plan stated at the first, also chiefly because these histories are not isolated facts but permanent influences for evil (Judges 18:30-31); Gibeah's evil was not eradicated by Benjamin's terrible punishment, but must have affected the Tribes generally, as their sore chastisement at first proves; and Hosea testifies the evil continued ever afterward (Judges 9:9; Judges 10:9)
Judges (1) - It may well be questioned whether the title of this book was originally ‘Judges,’ for it is difficult to see where the difference lies, fundamentally, between the ‘judges’ on the one hand, and Joshua and Saul on the other; in the case of each the main and central duty is to act as leader against the foes of certain Tribes. ...
The Book of Judges itself is comprised in Judges 2:6 to Judges 6:1-10 ; and here it is to be noticed, first of all, that a certain artificiality is observable in the structure; the exploits of twelve men are recounted, and the idea seems to be that each represents one of the twelve Tribes of Israel, thus: Judah is represented by Othniel, Benjamin by Ehud, the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh by Gideon (West) and Jair (East), Issachar by Tola, Zebulun by Elon, Naphtali by Barak, Ephralm by Abdon, Gad by Jephthah, and Dan by Samson; besides these ten there are Shamgar and Ibzan, two unimportant Judges, but against them there are the two Tribes Reuben and Simeon, who, however, soon disappear; while the tribe of Levi, as always, occupies an exceptional position. This general correspondence of twelve judges to the twelve Tribes strikes one the more as artificial in that some of the judges play a very humble part, and seem to have been brought in to make up the number twelve rather than for anything else. It is therefore clear that there must have existed among the various Israelite Tribes a body of traditional matter regarding the deeds of tribal heroes which originally floated about orally within the circumscribed area of each particular tribe. In the first place, there must have taken place at some time or other a collection of these ancient records which belonged originally to different Tribes; one may confidently assume that a collection of this kind would have been put together from written materials; these materials would naturally have been of varying value, so that the collector would have felt himself perfectly justified in discriminating between what he had before him; some records he would retain, others he would discard; and if he found two accounts of some tradition which he considered important, he would incorporate both. At some early period there was a confederacy among some of the Tribes of Israel, formed for the purpose of combating the Canaanites; the confederates are victorious; the different Tribes who took part in the battle return home, and (presumably) each tribe preserves its own account of what happened; for generations these different accounts are handed down orally; ultimately some are lost, others are written down; two are finally preserved and incorporated into a collection of tribal traditions, i. Speaking generally, then, the various parts of the book may be assigned as follows: Judges 1:1 to Judges 2:5 , though added by a later compiler, contains fragments, probably themselves from different sources, of some early accounts of the first warlike encounters between Israelite Tribes and Canaanites. Judges 1:1 to Judges 2:5 is, as a whole, a valuable source of information concerning the history of the conquest and settlement of some of the Israelite Tribes west of the Jordan; for the period of which it treats it is one of the most valuable records we possess. ...
Judges 3:7-11 , the story of Othniel, shows too clearly the hand of the ‘Deuteronomic’ redactor for it to be regarded as authentic history; whether Othniel is an historical person or not, the mention of the king of Mesopotamia in the passage, as having so far conquered Canaan as to subjugate the Israelite Tribes in the south, is sufficient justification for questioning the historicity of the section
Heshbon - Yet the Israelite Tribes of Reuben and Gad ranged with their sheep in this region (Numbers 21:21-314 ,Numbers 32:3,32:37 )
Sheba - When David was returning to Jerusalem after the defeat of Absalom, a strife arose between the ten Tribes and the tribe of Judah, because the latter took the lead in bringing back the king
Media - They consisted for three or four centuries of a number of Tribes, each ruled by its own chief, who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2 Kings 17:6 )
Kansas - 1825,to transplant beyond the Mississippi many eastern Tribes of Indians who aroused the zeal of devoted Jesuits
Gad - The Tribes on the east of the Jordan were the first carried away by the king of Assyria, about B
Mesopotamia - Assyrian inscriptions confirm Scripture in asserting that Mesopotamia was independent of Assyria until after David ("the Tribes of the Nairi," stream lands, were under their several independent princes, until in 880 B
Birthright - A double portion fell to the firstborn, compare Deuteronomy 21:15-17, whence Joseph's two sons, who received the birthright forfeited by Reuben the firstborn, were counted as heads of the Tribes Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 48:5-6; Genesis 48:22; Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1)
Ammonite - Both of these Tribes hired Balaam to curse Israel (Deuteronomy 23:4 )
Witness - (Genesis 21:30 ; 31:47,52 ) The Tribes of Reuben and Gad raised an "altar" as a witness to the covenant between themselves and the rest of the nation
East - " are the wandering Bedouin Tribes of Arabia Deserta; "they shall set their palaces in thee" (Ammon); irony; where thy palaces once stood, they shall set up very different "palaces," namely, nomadic encampments and mud-surrounded folds (Jeremiah 49:28-29)
Camp, Encampment - Before the settlement in the Promised Land, Israel was a group of Tribes on the move
Priest, Priesthood - The names of the twelve Tribes were engraved on the breastplate and on the plates on the priest's shoulders: whenever he went in to the presence of God , the people were thus represented
Ophir - The strongest argument for an Arabian location is the occurrence of the name Ophir among the names of Arabian Tribes, descendants of Joktan, in the Table of Nations in Genesis 10:1
Gath - It is mentioned in Joshua 11:22 as a place where the Anakim took refuge; but Joshua is significantly silent about the apportioning of the city to any of the Tribes
Hadad - see) among the Aramæans of Damascus and apparently worshipped by all the Aramæan peoples, as well as among both South-Arabian and North-Arabian Tribes, and also among the Assyrians
Phinehas - Phinehas, as ambassador with ten princes, was delegated by Israel to remonstrate with the two and a half Tribes as to the altar the latter built at Jordan; these satisfied the delegates and Israel as to their intentions
Benjamin - Moses, the man of God, viewing, most probably, Benjamin typically in relation to the Lord Jesus Christ, makes a beautiful observation in his dying blessing, which he gave to the Tribes of Israel; "And of Benjamin he said, the beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by him; and the Lord shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders
Chronicles - The former part of the first book of Chronicles contains a great variety of genealogical tables, beginning with Adam; and in particular gives a circumstantial account of the twelve Tribes, which must have been very valuable to the Jews after their return from captivity
Sabeans - The Sabeans of Arabia were descended from Saba; but as there are several of this name, who were all heads of peoples, or of Tribes, we must distinguish several kinds of Sabeans
Naphtali - His limits were extended into upper and lower Galilee, having Jordan to the east, the Tribes of Asher and Zebulun to the west, Libanus to the north, and the tribe of Issachar to the south
Circumcision - It is also practiced in some form among the Abyssinians, and various Tribes of South Africa, as it was by the ancient Egyptians
Genealogy - Never was a nation more careful to preserve their genealogies than the Hebrews, for on them rested the distinction of Tribes, the ownership of lands, and the right to the highest offices and privileges, 1 Chronicles 5:1,17 9:1 2 Chronicles 12:15 Ezra 2:62
Galilee - Galilee, in the time of Christ, was divided into Upper and Lower, the former lying north of the territory of the tribe of Zebulun, and abounding in mountains; the latter being more level and fertile, and very populous; the whole comprehending the four Tribes of Issachar, Zebulun, Naphtali, and Asher
Deuteronomy - (28:1-14) ...
The delivery of the law as written by Moses (for its still further preservation) to the custody of the Levites, and a charge to the people to hear it read once every seven years, Deuteronomy 31 ; the Song of Moses spoken in the ears of the people, (31:30; 32:44) and the blessing of the twelve Tribes
Petrus, First Bishop of Parembolae - Anatolius, then prefect of the East, gladly welcomed him, stationed him in Arabia, and put him in command over all the tributary Saracen Tribes in those parts
Ethiopia - The dispersed Israelites shall be brought as an offering by the nations to the Lord (Zephaniah 3:8-9; Isaiah 66:20; Isaiah 60:9), from both the African and the Babylonian Cush, where the ten Tribes were scattered in Peter's time (1 Peter 1:1; 1 Peter 5:13; Isaiah 11:11, "from Cush and from Shinar". )...
The Falashas of Abyssinia are probably of the ten Tribes
Gideon - ...
Obedience led to strength: the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he blew a trumpet, and sent messengers to the Tribes of Manasseh, Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali. The Midianites were dismayed and some of them in the confusion and terror killed one another, and the others fled, pursued by the Tribes before named, and by Ephraim
Elder - Sometimes they are mentioned as local magistrates, presiding over separate Tribes or districts, and sometimes as the superior class, it is likely, acting generally for the nation. And an analogous class yet subsists among Arab Tribes, viz
Court Systems - ...
Disputes between Tribes were more difficult to resolve. When a Judahite woman who was the concubine of a Levite living in the territory of Ephraim was raped and murdered in Gibeah of Benjamin, several Tribes were involved (Judges 19-21 ). The Levite, therefore, appealed to all the Tribes of Israel for justice. Israel then went to war against the whole tribe of Benjamin, defeated them, and vowed not to let them intermarry with the rest of the Tribes
Issachar - The Kedesh in Judges 4:9 is not that of Naphtali 30 miles off, but that on the sea of Galilee 16 miles from Tabor, a place suited for a gathering of the Tribes, and within Naphtali's boundaries. , not merely Zebulun was to be noted for "going out" in maritime traffic and Issachar for nomad life" in tents," and grazing, and agriculture; but, according to poetical parallelism, the whole is meant of both Tribes, Rejoice Zebulun and Issachar in your labour and your rest, in your undertakings at home and abroad, both alike successful. ...
"They shall call the people unto the mountain (they will not make their riches into selfish mammon, but will invite the nations to 'the mountain of the Lord's inheritance': Exodus 15:17; a moral not physical elevation, the Holy Land and its sanctuary), there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness (not merely outwardly legal sacrifices, but also in a right spirit of faith and loving obedience: Psalms 4:6; Psalms 51:21; inviting all men to the sacrificial feast, and to join them in the happy worship of Jehovah: Psalms 22:28-31; Isaiah 60:5-6; Isaiah 60:16; Isaiah 66:11-12), for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand" (not merely the fish, purple dye, sponges, and glass; but the richest treasures of sea and land shall flow into Israel, of which Zebulun and Issachar were to be flourishing Tribes. The nomadic character of Issachar appears in 1 Chronicles 7:1-5; no less than 36,000 of its men were marauding mercenary "bands (giduwdim ) of soldiers for war," a term applied elsewhere only to Gad's "troops" and to the irregular bodies of Bedouin-like Tribes round Israel
Ezekiel, Book of - 975 till 588, the destruction of Jerusalem — 388 entire years or nominally 390 — 'Israel,' as often, representing the ten Tribes. ...
Ezekiel 40 — Ezekiel 48 refer to the future temple and the sacrifices, with the division of the land among the twelve Tribes. But in Ezekiel the instructions for the temple follow the restoration of the twelve Tribes, and the destruction of their opposing enemies. Here too it is linked with dividing the whole land among the twelve Tribes: it must therefore certainly be still future
Armies - The light-armed troops were commonly taken from the Tribes of Ephraim and Benjamin, 2 Chronicles 14:8 ; 2 Chronicles 17:17 . At some distance to the east, were the Tribes of Judah, Issachar, and Zebulon; on the south were those of Reuben, Simeon, and Gad; to the west were Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin; to the north, Dan, Asher, and Naphtali. The people were thus divided into four bodies, three Tribes to a division; each of which divisions had its separate standard, דגל . Each of the large family associations likewise, of which the different Tribes were composed, had a separate standard, termed, in contradistinction from the other, אות ; and every Hebrew was obliged to number himself with his particular division, and follow his appropriate standard
Arabia - To the settled races of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine, it meant any part of that hinterland, skirting the confines of civilization, which was the camping-ground of wandering Tribes for ever hovering around peaceful towns and spreading terror among their inhabitants. Every one used it to denote that particular hinterland whose Tribes and peoples were more or less known to him; that was his Arabia. ...
Under the strong new régime the desert Tribes were for the first and only time brought under control, with the result that no small part of ‘the desert’ was changed into ‘the sown
Simeon - ...
When Canaan was divided among the twelve Tribes, Simeon did not receive an independent tribal area of its own
Taxes - During David's reign, an army was maintained by tribute paid by conquered Tribes
Chaldeans, Chaldees - At first they were a number of Tribes in South Babylonia, but were afterwards united and increased
Shechem - The Tribes assembled there to crown Rehoboam, and, on the division of the kingdom, it became the headquarters of Jeroboam
Septuagint, the - Its name has arisen from the tradition that the translation was made by seventy Jews (or seventy-two, six out of each of the twelve Tribes); but this is considered improbable
Boundary - Sometimes gebûl denoted ethnic boundaries, such as the borders of the Tribes of Israel: “And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the river Arnon half the valley, and the border even unto the river Jabbok, which is the border of the children of Ammon …” ( Fenced Cities - Such towers Uzziah built in the desert for the protection of husbandmen and cattle from marauding Tribes (2 Chronicles 26:10)
Alliance - Many of the agreements between individuals recorded in Genesis implied, or really were, treaties between the Tribes or clans represented ( Genesis 21:22 ff; Genesis 31:44 ff
Gibeah - ), the scene of the awful outrage upon the Levite’s concubine, and of the conflict in which the assembled Tribes executed such terrible vengeance upon Benjamin
Hamor - It is probable that not only Hamor, but also Dinah, Simeon, and Levi, stand for Tribes or communities
Birthright - In consequence of this fact—that God had taken the Levites from among the children of Israel, instead of all the first-born, to serve him as priests—the first-born of the other Tribes were to be redeemed at a valuation made by the priest, not exceeding five shekels, from serving God in that capacity
Banner - And in consequence, must we not rather suppose the standards of the Tribes were moveable beacons, like those of the Mecca pilgrims, than flags or any thing of that kind?" This ingenious author seems, however, to forget,...
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Midian - It appears that, at the time of the passage of the Israelites through the country of the Amorites, the Midianites had been subdued by that people, as the chiefs or kings of their five principal Tribes are called dukes of Sihon, and dwelt in his country, Joshua 13:21
Birthright - Reuben forfeited the blessings of his birthright, as we see by the express declaration of his father Jacob, in his benediction of his children, Genesis 49:1 , &c, for the crime of incest with his father's concubine, on account of which his tribe continued all along in obscurity; while the priesthood was conferred on Levi, the government on Judah, and the double portion on Joseph, to descend to their respective Tribes
Josh'ua - In six years, six Tribes, with thirty-one petty chiefs, were conquered
Ishmael - He had twelve sons, who became the founders of so many Arab Tribes or colonies, the Ishmaelites, who spread over the wide desert spaces of Northern Arabia from the Red Sea to the Euphrates (Genesis 37:25,27,28 ; 39:1 ), "their hand against every man, and every man's hand against them
Japheth - He was the progenitor of many Tribes inhabiting the east of Europe and the north of Asia (Genesis 10:2-5 )
Bethel - When Canaan was divided among Israel’s Tribes, Bethel was on the border between Ephraim and Benjamin
Breastplate - It was worn on the breast of the high priest, and was set with twelve precious stones, on each of which was engraven the name of one of the Tribes. Some think they were two precious stones added to the other twelve, by the extraordinary lustre of which, God marked his approbation of a design, and, by their becoming dim, his disallowance of it; others, that these two words were written on a precious stone, or plate of gold, fixed in the breastplate; others, that the letters of the names of the Tribes, were the Urim and Thummim; and that the letters by standing out, or by an extraordinary illumination, marked such words as contained the answer of God to him who consulted this oracle
Ara'Bia - (desert, barren ), a country known in the Old Testament under two designations:--
The East Country , ( Genesis 25:6 ) or perhaps the East, ((Genesis 10:30 ; Numbers 23:7 ; Isaiah 2:6 ) and Land of the Sons of the East , ( Genesis 29:1 ) Gentile name, Sons of the East , ( Judges 6:3 ; 7:12 ; 1 Kings 4:30 ; Job 1:3 ; Isaiah 11:14 ; Jeremiah 49:28 ; Ezekiel 25:4 ) From these passages it appears that Land of the East and Sons of the East indicate, primarily, the country east of Palestine, and the Tribes descended from Ishmael and from Keturah; and that this original signification may have become gradually extended to Arabia and its inhabitants generally, though without any strict limitation. -- (Arabia, which once ruled from India to the Atlantic, now has eight or nine millions of inhabitants, about one-fifth of whom are Bedouin or wandering Tribes, and the other four-fifths settled Arabs
High Priest - On it were the twelve precious stones, set in four rows, three in a row, thus corresponding to the twelve Tribes--each stone having the name of one of the children of Israel engraved upon it. These parts were clasped together on the shoulder with two large onyx stones, each having engraved on it six of the names of the Tribes of Israel
Pisidia - Supplying Antioch with veterans and re-organizing it in Roman fashion, he built one military road to connect it with the coloniae which he planted in Olbasa, Comama, and Cremna for the control of the western region, and another to join it with Parlais and Lystra, which were intended to hold the eastern Tribes in check. But it must have been difficult to get into touch with mountain Tribes who did not know the Greek language, and apparently no church was founded in this part of Roman Galatia till a much later date
Exile - ) ...
...
...
Of the kingdom of the two Tribes, the kingdom of Judah
Jeroboam - Ammon and Moab were reconquered, and the trans-Jordanic Tribes were restored to their territory, 2 Kings 13:5; 1 Chronicles 5:17-22; but it was merely an outward restoration
Aaron - In his office as high priest, Aaron was an eminent type of Christ, being "called of God," and anointed; bearing the names of the Tribes on his breast; communicating God's will by Urim and Thummim; entering the Most Holy place on the Day of Atonement, "not without blood;" and interceding for and blessing the people of God
Tithes - According to Numbers 18:21-24 the Levites were to receive this in lieu of the inheritance of land which fell to all the other Tribes; but they received the tithe on behalf of Jahweh; stress is laid on this point in Numbers 18:24 : ‘For the tithe of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave-offering unto the Lord, I have given to the Levites for an inheritance’; the ‘heaving’ of an offering towards the altar was the substitute for the actual consuming of it upon the altar
Wilderness, Desert - It is the place where wild animals roam: pelicans ( Psalms 102:6 ), wild asses ( Job 24:5 , Jeremiah 2:24 ), ostriches ( Lamentations 4:3 ), jackals ( Malachi 1:3 ); and is without settled inhabitants, though towns or settlements of nomadic Tribes may be found ( Joshua 15:61-62 , Isaiah 42:11 )
Sim'Eon - (Numbers 1:23 ) When the second census was taken, at Shittim, the numbers had fallen to 22,200, and it was the weakest of all the Tribes
Aramaic - ...
When the ten Tribes were carried away, the colonists, who took their place, brought the Aramaic language with them
Israel, Spiritual - Israel is the name given to the descendants of Jacob and to the grouping of people in the twelve Tribes coming from Jacob's sons
Mizpah - Some suppose that this was the place also where the Tribes assembled to avenge the great sin committed in Benjamin, Judges 20:1; Judges 20:3; Judges 21:1; Judges 21:5; Judges 21:8; but this is more usually applied to the Mizpah in Benjamin
Gerizim And Ebal - ...
When the Israelites conquered central Israel, Joshua carried out the directive given by Moses, and placed half of the Tribes on Mount Gerizim to pronounce the blessing (Deuteronomy 27:12 ) and the other half on Mount Ebal to pronounce the curses (Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Joshua 8:30-35 )
Tongues, Confusion of - The divergence of the various families into distinct Tribes and nations ran parallel with the divergence of speech into dialects and languages, and thus the tenth chapter of Genesis is posterior in historical sequence to the events recorded in the eleventh chapter
Bethlehem - It is probable that this was the home of Ibzan, the judge ( Judges 12:8-10 ), as almost all the judges belonged to the northern Tribes
Brothers - Basic to this idea is the notion that the Tribes and nation of Israel descended from a common father
Jebus, Jebusites - The name of the king, Adoni-zedek , would indicate that the Jebusites were Semitic, probably related to the Canaanite Tribes
Jubilee, Year of - Daughters who inherited land had to marry within their own Tribes in order to keep the land (Numbers 36:4 )
Gentiles - In Genesis 14:1, Tidal "king of nations" was probably chief of several nomadic wandering Tribes of western Asia
Sealing - The hundred and forty-four thousand of the twelve Tribes of Israel referred to in Revelation 7:3-8 will be sealed in their foreheads
Camp - Second, the word refers to a division concerning the Israelites; each of the Tribes had a special “encampment” in relation to the tent of meeting ( Gerizim - God commanded that the Hebrews, after passing the Jordan, should be so divided; that six Tribes might be stationed on Mount Gerizim, and six on Mount Ebal
Camp - That it failed not to produce effect upon the richly endowed and poetic mind of Balaam, appears from Numbers 24:2 ; "And Balaam lifted up his eyes and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their Tribes; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he took up his parable and said, How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river side, as the trees of lign aloes which the Lord hath planted, and as cedar trees beside waters
Rechabites - The Rechabites, though they dwelt among the Israelites, did not belong to any of their Tribes; for they were Kenites, as appears from 1 Chronicles 2:55 , where the Kenites are said to have come of "Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab
Ahaziah - The Moabites, who had been always obedient to the kings of the ten Tribes, ever since their separation from the kingdom of Judah, revolted after the death of Ahab, and refused to pay the ordinary tribute
Scorpion - Luke 10:19 , one of the largest and most malignant of all the insect Tribes
Simeon - The Tribes of Simeon and Levi were scattered and dispersed in Israel, in conformity with the prediction of Jacob, on account of their sacrilegious and piratical revenge of the outrage committed against Dinah their sister, Genesis 34:1-31 49:5
Galatia - Its name was derived from the Gauls; of whom two Tribes, (Trocmi and Tolistoboii,) migrated thither after the sacking of Rome by Brennus; and mingling with the former inhabitants, the whole were called Gallogracci, B
Ownership - After the division of the land among the twelve Tribes, individual plots were given to family groups or clans
Festivals - --The unity of the nation would be insured by this fusion of the Tribes; otherwise they would be likely to constitute separate tribal states
Attain - " In its metaphorical sense of "attaining" to something it is used in three places: Acts 26:7 , of the fulfillment of the promise of God made to the ancestors of Israel, to which promise the twelve Tribes "hope to attain" (RV); in Ephesians 4:13 , of "attaining" to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God; in Philippians 3:11 , of the paramount aims of the Apostle's life, "if by any means," he says, "I might attain unto the resurrection from the dead," not the physical resurrection, which is assured to all believers hereafter, but to the present life of identification with Christ in His resurrection
Joshua - ...
The principal work of Joshua was to lead the Israelites into the land of promise, not on the ground of their righteousness, but of the promises made to the fathers; the subjugation of the former inhabitants, and dividing the land as a possession for the twelve Tribes, and these things are recorded in the BOOK OF JOSHUA
Joshua, the Book of - ...
The allotment of the land to the different Tribes, with the appointment of cities of refuge, the provision for the Levites (13-22), and the dismissal of the eastern Tribes to their homes
Joseph - ...
While in Egypt, Joseph became the father of two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim (Genesis 41:50-52 ), who were counted as sons of Jacob (Genesis 48:5-6 ) and whose Tribes dominated the northern nation of Israel. The name Joseph is used later in the Old Testament as a reference to the Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (Numbers 1:32 ; Numbers 36:1 ,Numbers 36:1,36:5 ; 1 Kings 11:28 ) or as a designation for the whole Northern Kingdom (Psalm 78:67 ; Ezekiel 37:16 ,Ezekiel 37:16,37:19 ; Amos 5:6 ,Amos 5:6,5:15 ; Amos 6:6 ; Obadiah 1:18 ; Zechariah 10:6 )
Judah - Besides these it would appear that in the time of David the Calebite and Jerahmeelite Tribes, mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:1-55 as descendants of Perez, were incorporated into the tribe. See also Tribes of Israel
Israel - On the other hand, the symbolic or metaphorical use of the term applied to the spiritual Israel is found in connexion with the sealing of the servants of God which takes place according to the Tribes of the children of Israel (Revelation 7:4), and also in the description of the New Jerusalem, where the names of the twelve Tribes are engraven on the twelve gates (Revelation 21:12). James (James 1:1), applies the passage Revelation 7:1-8, regarding the sealing of the Tribes taken from a Jewish source, to the true spiritual Israel, who are to be kept secure in the day of the world’s overthrow
High Priest - The special garments of the high priest included (1) a blue robe with an ornate hem decorated with gold bells and embroidered pomegranates, (2) an ephod of fine linen with colorful embroidered work and shoulder straps bearing stones engraved with the names of the twelve Tribes, (3) a breastplate with twelve precious stones engraved with the names of the twelve Tribes, and (4) a linen turban with a gold plate inscribed “Holy to Yahweh” (Exodus 28:4-39 ; Exodus 39:1-31 ; Leviticus 8:7-9 ). Such counsel formed the basis for the apportionment of the Promised Land among the Tribes (Numbers 34:17 ; Joshua 14:1 ; Joshua 17:4 ; Joshua 19:51 ; Joshua 21:1 ). Phinehas served as the major figure in the resolution of the conflict over the “commemorative” altar the Tribes east of the Jordan built (Joshua 22:13 ,Joshua 22:13,22:31-32 )
Captivity - From Jeremiah 52:12; Jeremiah 52:15; Jeremiah 52:28-29; Jeremiah 52:30 we learn Nebuchadnezzar in his seventh (or eighth, according to the month with which the counting of the year begins) year carried away 3,023; but in 2 Kings 24:14; Jeremiah 31:7-201; 2 Kings 24:10; 2 Kings 24:000, and 7,000 men of might, and 1,000 craftsmen; the 3,023 were probably of Judah, the remaining 7,000 were of the other Tribes of Israel, of whom some still had been left after the Assyrian deportation; the 1,000 craftsmen were exclusive of the 10,000. (Ezra 7:6-7; Nehemiah 2) In 536, besides servants, 42,360 returned; 30,000 belonging to Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, the remainder probably belonging to the Israelite Tribes. Ezra 6:17 recognizes, in the sacrifices, the twelve Tribes (compare 1 Chronicles 9). The Afghans, the black Jews of Malabar, and the Nestorians, have been severally conjectured to represent the lost Tribes
Jerobo'am - ch (2 Kings 14:25 ) Ammon and Moab were reconquered, and the transjordanic Tribes were restored to their territory, (2 Kings 13:5 ; 1 Chronicles 5:17-22 ) but it was merely an outward restoration
Moab - Under Nebuchadnezzar the Moabites acted as the auxiliaries of the Chaldeans, 2 Kings 24:2; Ezekiel 25:8-11; and during the exile they took possession once more of their ancient territory, vacated by the Tribes of Reuben and Gad; as did the Ammonites also
Hebrew - The name Hebrew, applied to them in relation to the surrounding Tribes already long settled in Canaan, continued to be their name among foreigners; whereas "Israelite" was their name among themselves (Genesis 39:14; Genesis 39:17; Genesis 43:32; 1 Samuel 4:6; 1 Samuel 4:9)
City - In the kingdom of Og in Bashan there were sixty "great cities with walls," and twenty-three cities in Gilead partly rebuilt by the Tribes on the east of Jordan (Numbers 21:21,32,33,35 ; 32:1-3,34-42 ; Deuteronomy 3:4,5,14 ; 1 Kings 4:13 )
Succoth - ...
The route into Canaan which the nomadic Tribes, as Midian, always took ("the way of them that dwell in tents," Judges 8:11) was along the course of the Jabbok and so across Jordan opposite Bethshean, thence spreading over the Esdraelon plain
Star - ...
Revelation 12:1 (b) This woman is a type of Israel and the twelve stars represent the twelve patriarchs for whom the twelve Tribes are named
Jubilee - The distinction of Tribes was also preserved: in respect both to their families and possessions; that they might be able, when there was occasion, on the jubilee year, to prove their right to the inheritance of their ancestors
Ishmaelites - In process of time his mother procured for him a wife out of Egypt, by whom he had twelve sons, who eventually established themselves as the heads of so many distinct Arabian Tribes
Lamp - When the ten Tribes were taken from Rehoboam, and given to his rival, Jehovah promised to reserve one tribe, and assigns this reason: "That David my servant may have a light always before me in Jerusalem," 1 Kings 11:36
Pamphylia - ...
The name is probably derived from the Pamphyli , one of the three Dorian Tribes, and it is likely that Dorian settlers entered Pamphylia at the time of the other Dorian migrations
Judah, Kingdom of - History --The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten Tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel
Deborah - Jabin oppressed the northern Tribes adjacent to Hazor his capital (Zebuhn, Naphtali, and Issachar, which she judged). Barak, at her call, summoned these (to whom the central Tribes, Ephraim, Manasseh (Machir), and Benjamin in part sent contingents, Judges 20:14) in a long train (draw: Judges 5:6-7) toward the broad topped mount Tabor
Ebal - There is still a rocky amphitheatrical recess on the side of Ebal, and a corresponding one of the same dimensions on the side of Gerizim; probably formed for the accommodation of the people, when all Israel, their elders, officers, and judges, stood: half of them, the six blessing Tribes, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin (sprung from Jacob's proper wives), over against Gerizim; and half, the six cursing Tribes (four sprung from Zilpah and Bilhah, and Reuben the incestuous oldest and Zebulun the youngest) over against Ebal: with the ark and the priests and Levites in the center between the two mountains
Reuben - entitled to the chieftianship of the Tribes and to a double portion; but because of incest (Genesis 35:22; Leviticus 18:8) "thou shalt not excel" or "have this excellency" (compare the margin of Leviticus 4:7). ) Seeking pastures for their flocks they dissipated their strength in guerrilla marauding expeditions toward Euphrates against the Bedouin Tribes Hagar, Jetur, Nephish (1 Chronicles 5:9-10; 1 Chronicles 5:18, etc
Confusion of Tongues - It was quite sufficient, if such changes only were effected, as to render the speech of different companies or different Tribes unintelligible to one another, that their mutual cooperation in the mad attempt in which they had all engaged might be no longer practicable. In the midst of these changes, it is reasonable to suppose that the primitive language itself, unaltered, would still be preserved in some one at least of the Tribes or families of the human race
Rome - Its first growth is obscure, there being, however, three clearly-defined original Tribes, Ramnians (Latins), Titians (Sabines), and Luceres (Etruscans). The members of these ancient Tribes were known as patricians, and their struggle down to the Imperial period with the newer inhabitants or plebeians resulted in the civil,political, and judicial organization of Rome
Jewels, Jewelry - The ephod worn by the high priest had an onyx stone, set in gold filigree and engraved with the names of the Tribes of...
Israel, on each shoulder. On each stone was engraved the name of one of the twelve Tribes. Thus, the twelve Tribes were symbolically present whenever the high priest ministered before the Lord
Edom - Edomite Tribes settled also in the south of Judah, like the Kenizzites (Genesis 36:11 ), to whom Caleb and Othniel belonged (Joshua 15:17 )
Cush - A nation situated south of Egypt with differing boundaries and perhaps including differing dark-skinned Tribes (Jeremiah 13:23 ) at different periods of history
Idol - Perhaps a misguided King Jeroboam intended to represent Yahweh by the gold calves set up in his temples at Bethel and Dan when he led the northern Tribes to secede from the kingdom inherited by Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:28-33 )
Midianite - The whole of the country on the east of Jordan, now conquered by the Israelites (see SIHON ; OG), was divided between the two Tribes of Reuben and Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh
Judah, Tribe of - That which remained to Judah was still very large in proportion to the inheritance of the other Tribes
Esdraelon - It was occupied by Canaanites who were less than willing to relocate when the Tribes of Israel tried to settle there (Judges 1:27 )
Elder, Eldest - of Genesis 50:7 ; Numbers 22:7 ; (2) in the Jewish nation, firstly, those who were the heads or leaders of the Tribes and families, as of the seventy who assisted Moses, Numbers 11:16 ; Deuteronomy 27:1 , and those assembled by Solomon; secondly, members of the Sanhedrin, consisting of the chief priests, "elders" and scribes, learned in Jewish law, e
Small - In a related nuance qâṭôn signifies “low in social standing”: “When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the Tribes of Israel …?” ( Asher - Asher and Simeon are the only Tribes W
Shechem - In the time of the monarchy, after the death of Solomon, Rehoboam went to Shechem to be crowned king, no doubt hoping this would help him win the allegiance of the northern Tribes
Shiloh - Perhaps when Israel chose a spot for the tabernacle, Shiloh was available for Joshua to use as the place to allot land to the Tribes ( Joshua 18:1 )
Samuel, Books of, - ...
But although the authorship cannot be ascertained with certainty, it appears clear that, in its present form it must have been composed subsequent to the secession of the ten Tribes, B
Ethiopia - The scanty and barbarous population of the valley and the deserts on either side was divided in early times among different Tribes, which were completely at the mercy of the Egyptians
Joshua - He defeated the Canaanites under Jabin king of Hazor, In six years six Tribes, with 31 petty chiefs, were conquered
Hebrew - " This shows that the Hebrews were Shemites, but many other Tribes were 'Shemites' that could not be called Hebrews
Abijah - He began his three years' reign (2Chronicles 12:16; 13:1,2) with a strenuous but unsuccessful effort to bring back the ten Tribes to their allegiance
Albion - 26) adds distinctly the names of several other Tribes
Sign - 2:2 uses 'ôth to represent a military banner, while Job 21:29 uses the word of the identifying banners of nomadic Tribes
Gilead - ...
The Bible speaks of Gilead in yet another sense, and that is to refer to the whole of the former Amorite territory that Israel’s two and a half eastern Tribes occupied
Dan - See Tribes of Israel; Patriarchs. ...
Following the establishment of the Israelite kingdom under David and Solomon, Jeroboam led the Northern Tribes in revolt against Rehoboam (about 925 B
Samaria, Samaritans - The breakaway northern section of ten Tribes continued to call itself the kingdom of Israel; the southern section of two Tribes became known as the kingdom of Judah
Tribes - Israel was divided into twelve Tribes according to the twelve sons of Jacob (Genesis 35:22-26). In the division of Canaan, the tribe of Levi received no allotment of its own but was given cities within all the other Tribes (Numbers 18:24; Numbers 35:1-8; see LEVITE)
Samuel, Second Book of - He committed his way unto the Lord, asked to which of the cities he should go, and was content to reign in Hebron seven years and six months, until God's time was come for him to reign over the whole of the Tribes. This was followed by the whole of the Tribes anointing David as their king
Judges, Book of - ...
A long catalogue had to be made of the districts from which the Tribes did not drive out the Canaanites. When the other Tribes saw the destruction they had made upon Benjamin they came to the house of God and wept , lamenting that one tribe was lacking in Israel; but no mention is made of their weeping over the sin that had brought it all about
Assumption of Moses - the fifteen judges, and the three kings, Saul, David, and Solomon) by chiefs and kings, and for nineteen years (the nineteen kings of Israel) the ten Tribes shall break away. The two Tribes maintain the Tern pie worship for twenty years (reigns), of which, however, four are evil and idolatrous. The two Tribes are carried into captivity, and confess their punishment to be just, as also do the ten Tribes. A king (Cyrus) has compassion on them, and parts of the two Tribes return, while the ten increase among the Gentiles in their captivity. Even, the faithful two Tribes sin, and are punished through the kings who share in their guilt (the Seleucids). The ten Tribes share in the promises (3:9) and in the final restoration (10:8) Israel is finally exalted to heaven (10:8f
Ishmael - ) Ishmael's 12 sons enumerated Genesis 25:13-15 were fathers of Tribes, as "their towns and their castles," or rather "hamlets," called after them, imply (Numbers 31:10). In all the northern Tribes which are of Ishmaelite descent, the characteristics foretold appear, they are "wild . ...
The term" Ishmaelites" was applied in course of time to the Midianites, sprung from Abraham and Keturah, and not from Ishmael, because the Ishmaelites being the more powerful tribe gave their name as a general one to neighbouring associated Tribes (Genesis 37:25; Genesis 37:28; Genesis 37:36; Psalms 83:6), the nomad Tribes of Arabia (Judges 8:24)
Ammonites - Before the Israelites entered Canaan, the Amorites conquered a great part of the country belonging to the Ammonites and Moabites; but it was retaken by Moses, and divided between the Tribes of Gad and Reuben. He afterwards crossed Jordan with a design of falling upon the Tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim. After the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, were carried into captivity by Tiglath-Pileser, B. 740, the Ammonites and Moabites took possession of the cities belonging to these Tribes, and were reproached for it by Jeremiah 49:1
Aaron - Moses having, at the command of God, taken twelve rods of an almond tree from the princes of the twelve Tribes, and Aaron's separately, he placed them in the tabernacle before the sanctuary, after having written upon each the name of the tribe which it represented, and upon the rod of Aaron the name of Aaron. The high priest wore at the ordinary times of his ministration in the temple, eight garments;—linen drawers—a coat of fine linen close to his skin—an embroidered girdle of fine linen, blue and scarlet, to surround the coat—a robe all of blue with seventy-two bells, and as many embroidered pomegranates upon the skirts of it; this was put over the coat and girdle—an ephod of gold, and of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine linen, curiously wrought, on the shoulders of which were two stones engraved with the names of the twelve Tribes; this was put over the robe, and girt with a curious girdle of the same—a breastplate, about a span square, wrought with gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine linen, and fastened upon the ephod by golden chains and rings; in this breastplate were placed the urim and thummim, also twelve several stones, containing the names of the twelve Tribes—a mitre of fine linen, sixteen cubits long, to wrap round his head—and lastly, a plate of gold, or holy crown, two fingers broad, whereon was engraved, "Holiness to the Lord;" this was tied with blue lace upon the front of the mitre. In bearing the names of all the Tribes of Israel upon his breast and upon his shoulders, thus presenting them always before God, and representing them to him
Moses - In his long life he also acted on behalf of God to bring into being an enduring nation, while functioning as a prophet, judge, recorder of God's pronouncements, intercessor, military leader, worker of miracles, and tireless shepherd of the unruly Israelite Tribes. In conjunction with this revelation, God enters into a binding agreement with the twelve Tribes that in effect welds them into one nation. When the Israelite Tribes were camped in order around the tabernacle, God's presence was indeed in their midst
Genealogy - ...
The promise of Canaan, Israel's separation from the Gentiles, the prophecy of Messiah's descent from Judah, the hereditary priesthood in Aaron's family, and the limitation of ministerial offices to Levi, the promises to David's seed, and the division of Canaan by Tribes and families, all combined to make Israel more careful of genealogies than: any other nation. By comprising Jacob himself with all the founders of Tribes and families, the significant number 70 results; seven (expressing God's covenant relation to Israel, made up of three the divine number and four the worldwide extension number) multiplied by ten the seal of completeness; implying that these 70 comprised the whole nation of God (Exodus 1:5; Deuteronomy 10:22). The present impossibility of verifying the genealogies of the Jews' Tribes and families is a divine indication that Christ the antitypical High Priest and the Heir of David's throne having come supersedes the polity of typical priests and kings, which, in ancient times, required the careful preservation of pedigrees
Prophets, the - The nations formed an outer circle, and were regarded more or less according to their relations with the twelve Tribes. Of the remainder, Hosea, Amos, and Isaiah are anterior to the captivity of the ten Tribes. The gathering of the ten Tribes after the coming of the Lord so that all Israel will be reunited in the land, under the sceptre of the Lord, He being the Antitype of David
Persia - , from the vicinity of the Sutlej (before the first contact of the Assyrians with Aryan Tribes E. There were ten castes or Tribes: three noble, three agricultural, four nomadic; of the last were the "Dehavites" or Dali (Ezra 4:9). ...
The Pasargadae were the noble Tribes, in which the chief house was that of the Achaemenidae
Wanderings of the Israelites - Before crossing the Jordan the two and a half Tribes are describedas having "a great multitude of cattle," but this was after the Midianites had been destroyed, and most of the cattle and sheep may have fallen to these Tribes, the other Tribes taking "the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead" with other spoils
Lot - Thus the lot was used at the division of the land of Canaan among the serveral Tribes (Numbers 26:55 ; 34:13 ), at the detection of Achan (Joshua 7:14,18 ), the election of Saul to be king (1 Samuel 10:20,21 ), the distribution of the priestly offices of the temple service (1 Chronicles 24:3,5,19 ; Luke 1:9 ), and over the two goats at the feast of Atonement (Leviticus 16:8 )
Judah - See Judas ; Geography; Tribes of Israel; Patriarchs; Israel
Dan - It was the last of the Tribes to receive a portion in the Land of Promise
Goshen - describe how nomadic Tribes moved from Edom past the Merneptah fortress in Teku to the wells of Pithom
Hebron - In the 40th year of David's reign 2,700 of them, at Jazer in Gilead, "mighty men of valor," superintended for the king the two and a half Tribes "in matters pertaining to God and the king" (1 Chronicles 26:30-32); Jerijah was their chief
Galilee, Sea of - By this name it is referred to in assigning the border of the Promised Land ( Numbers 34:11 ), in stating the boundary of the trans-Jordanic Tribes ( Deuteronomy 3:12 , Joshua 13:27 ), and in enumerating the kings conquered by Joshua ( Joshua 12:3 )
Issachar - See also Tribes of Israel
Year of Jubilee - Families and Tribes were preserved by the return of freed bondservants to their own families
Apostles - ...
Jesus appointed twelve Apostles corresponding to the twelve Tribes, thus intimating that their mission was meanwhile to Israel (cf
Shiloh (1) - " Judah should bear the sceptre with "lion" courage until in the future Shiloh, sprung from Judah, the willing obedience of the nations came to Him, and His rule over the Tribes was widened into the peaceful government of the world
Baal - If the reader will turn to it, and peruse it from beginning to end, he will observe, that at that time the Tribes of the Lord were much disposed to idolatry
Brother - ...
Tribes may be called 'âchim “And [1] Judah said unto [1] Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot …” ( Tribesman: “With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what is thine …” ( Tribute - But afterward the defection became general, by the total revolt of the ten Tribes
Neomenia - In the kingdom of the ten Tribes, the serious among the people used to assemble at the houses of the prophets, to hear their instructions
Ephod - This stone was so large, that the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel were engraven, six on each stone, Exodus 28:9-12
Benjamin - We thus see the drawings of Benjamin towards Judah, which issued in the firm union of both the Tribes when the kingdom was divided
Lot - In the division of the Promised Land among the Tribes of Israel the use of the lot was expressly commanded by God himself, it being understood that the extent of territory should be proportioned to the population of each tribe
Samaria - It occupied the ancient territories of the Tribes of Ephraim and western Manasseh
Isaac - (1) Israel, or the kingdom of the ten Tribes (Amos 7:9,16 )
Miro - In the same year Miro conducted an expedition against the Ruccones in Cantabria, one of the restless Basque Tribes, with whom Suevi and Goths alike were perpetually at war
Nahum (2) - Nahum in Elkosh of Galilee was probably among those of northern Israel, after the deportation of the ten Tribes, who accepted Hezekiah's earnest invitation to keep the Passover at Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 30). Nahum encourages his countrymen with the assurance that, alarming as their position seemed, assailed by the mighty foe which had already carried captive the ten Tribes, yet that not only should the Assyrian fail against Jerusalem, but Nineveh and his own empire should fall; and this not by chance, but by Jehovah's judgment for their iniquities
Establishments - The Koran may be considered as the religious creed and civil code of all the Mahometan Tribes. Among the Hindoos, the priests and sovereigns are of different Tribes or casts, but the priests are superior in rank; and in China, the emperor is sovereign pontiff, and presides in all public acts of religion
Chaldaea - Rawlinson considers the Chaldi to he more probably one of the Cushite (Ethiopian) Tribes that crossed over the Persian gulf and settled in Babylonia. ...
Their name ultimately prevailed over that of the other Tribes in the country
Desert, Wilderness - The desert was thus the special home of nomadic or wandering Tribes, although the name ‘desert’ or ‘wilderness’ was applied to the uncultivated tracts of land beyond the bounds of the cultivated area near the towns or villages. ...
The best-known desert of the Bible is the Wilderness of Sinai, where the Tribes of Israel wandered before settling in Canaan
Levite - They were descended from the third son of Jacob and formed one of the Tribes of Israel (Genesis 29:31-34; see LEVI). ...
Although Levi had no tribal area of its own, Joshua gave the Levites cities in each of the other Tribes
Governor - Used to denote the chiefs of families (Numbers 3:24,30,32,35 ); also of Tribes (2:3; 7:2; 3:32)
Osee, Book of - The field of his activity lay in the kingdom of Israel, the kingdom of the 10 Tribes that seceded from the house of Juda after the death of Solomon
Canaanites - After the time of Solomon, however, those resident in the high lands who had not been absorbed into the Israelitish Tribes (cf
Quirinius - The census, however, was not carried out by the Roman method, but by Tribes, a method less alien to Jewish feeling than the Roman method by households
Shemaiah - The prophet who with Ahijah encouraged the revolution of the ten Tribes from Jeroboam
Midian - ) But being close neighbors, and related on their common father Abraham's side, and joined in caravans and commercial enterprises, Ishmael, the name of the more powerful tribe, was given as a general name for both and for several smaller associated Tribes (compare Judges 8:1 with Judges 8:24)
Laver - The 12 oxen represent the 12 Tribes of Israel the priestly nation, which cleansed itself here in the person of its priests to appear holy before the Lord
Family - ” The Book of Numbers gives a census of the leaders and the numbers of the Tribes according to the “families” (Num
Gibeah - A bloody civil war between Benjamin and the other Israelite Tribes broke out when the men of Gibeah raped a traveling Levite's concubine (Judges 19:1-21:25 )
Favor - In Moses' blessing on the twelve Tribes he speaks of Joseph's prosperity and fruitfulness as the one who enjoyed God's favor (Deuteronomy 33:16 )
Hosea, Book of - The field of his activity lay in the kingdom of Israel, the kingdom of the 10 Tribes that seceded from the house of Juda after the death of Solomon
Midian, Mtdianites - A nomadic tribe or group of Tribes, said by an early genealogy ( Genesis 25:2 ) to be descended from Abraham by Keturah, of which the Kenites (wh
Gilead - Being a border land, it was exposed to the marauding Tribes of the desert (Joshua 17:1), and Ramoth Gilead was thought the eastern key of Palestine (1 Kings 22:3-6)
Mesopotamia - At the same time, the land lay open to Syria and Arabia, whose Tribes were constantly breaking across its borders
Joseph - Genesis 48:5, became the heads of two of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Bone - 19:29 reports that a Levite cut his defiled and murdered concubine into twelve pieces “limb by limb” (according to her “bones” or bodily frame) and sent a part to each of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Abijah - He endeavored to recover the ten Tribes to Judah, and made war on Jeroboam
Pillars - The 12 pillars ranged as boundary stones round the consecrated enclosure represented the 12 Tribes, as the "altar" represented Jehovah making covenant with them (Exodus 24:4; Isaiah 19:19)
Arabia - ” Furthermore, many of the names of the Old Testament refer to people or Tribes who were ethnically and linguistically Arab
Elder; Aged - Elders are also known as officers (shotrim), heads of the Tribes, and judges; notice the parallel usage: “Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them; I am old and stricken in age …” ( je'hu - The remaining twenty-seven years of his long reign are passed over in a few words, in which two points only are material: --He did not destroy the calf-worship of Jeroboam:-- The transjordanic Tribes suffered much from the ravages of Hazael
Naphtali - " And to whom are we to look for any, or for all the Tribes of Israel in the possession of the divine favour, and so satisfied with it? Of whom, among the sons of Jacob, can it be said with truth, "that they are full of the blessing of the Lord," unless we first behold him in whom it hath "pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell," and from him, and in him, and by him, all the seed of Israel "are justified and shall glory?" Surely it is blessed first to eye Christ as possessing and being the cause of the true Naphtali's portion, and then, by virtue of an union with him, and interest in him, to behold those blessings flowing in upon his inheritance
Bottle - These skin bottles were not confined to the countries of Asia; the roving Tribes, which passed the Hellespont soon after the deluge, and settled in Greece and Italy, probably introduced them into those countries
Servant - They were mostly captives made in war from the neighboring Tribes, but besides were purchased of dealers
Circumcision - In modern times the practice exists among Mohammedan Arabs and many African and Australian Tribes, as well as much of Western society
Media - ...
Media is first mentioned in the Bible as the part of Assyria to which the ten Tribes were transported: at first, those beyond the Jordan, by Tiglath-pileser, 1 Chronicles 5:26 ; and afterwards, about 721 B
Refuge, Cities of - ...
The custom of blood-revenge appears to have been an institution or principle very early introduced among the nomadic oriental Tribes
Number - ...
Twelve (3X4) appears in 12 Tribes 12 stones in the high priest's breastplate, 12 apostles, 12 foundation-stones, and 12 gates
Inheritance - ...
Israel in the Old Testament...
When Canaan was divided among Israel’s twelve Tribes, each tribal area was known as the inheritance of that tribe (Joshua 15:20; Joshua 16:8; Joshua 18:2)
Canaan - At a later age, this term was often restricted to the territory of the ten Tribes, Ezekiel 27:17 . After the separation of the ten Tribes, the land which belonged to Judah and Benjamin, who formed a separate kingdom, was distinguished by the appellation of "the land of Judah," or Judea; which latter name the whole country retained during the existence of the second temple, and under the dominion of the Romans. Under Joshua it was apportioned out to the twelve Tribes
War - In the days before the monarchy the wars of the Hebrew Tribes must have resembled those of early Greece, when ‘the two armies started out, marched till they met, had a fight and went home. ’ Rarely, as in the case of the campaign against Sisera ( Judges 4:1-24 ), was it necessary to summon a larger army from several Tribes
le'Vites - As the tabernacle was the sign of the presence among the people of their unseen King, so the Levites were, among the other Tribes of Israel, as the royal guard that waited exclusively on him. ) The revolt of the ten Tribes, and the policy pursued by Jeroboam, who wished to make the priests the creatures and instruments of the king, and to establish a provincial and divided worship, caused them to leave the cities assigned to them in the territory of Israel, and gather round the metropolis of Judah
Solomon - The ten Tribes to the north broke away from the Davidic rule, though for the sake of David, God withheld the inevitable judgment until after Solomon’s death (1 Kings 9:10). Solomon had recognized Jeroboam’s abilities earlier, and put him in charge of a large portion of the workforce from the northern Tribes (1 Kings 11:28)
Levite - Another indication of Levi's distinction is found in Numbers 1:47-54 , where God instructs Moses not to number the Levites with the other Tribes. ...
Part of the support of the Levites was to come from the tithe they were to be allotted of the income of the other Tribes (Numbers 18:20-25 )
Damascus - It derives its modern importance from local manufactures (woodwork, furniture, artistic metal and textile work), from its situation and convenience as a market for the desert Tribes, and from its religious significance as the starting-point of the annual Syrian pilgrim caravan to Mecca. Since 635 Damascus has been a Muslim city, though governed from time to time by different Tribes and dynasties of that faith
Pentateuch - ...
Now, can we conceive that such an attempt as this could have been made, if the Pentateuch containing the Mosaic code had not been as certainly recognised through the ten Tribes of Israel as in the kingdom of Judah? The success was exactly such as we might reasonably expect if it were so acknowledged; for, though many of the ten Tribes laughed to scorn and mocked the messengers of Hezekiah, who invited them to the solemnity of the passover, from the impious contempt which through long disuse they had conceived for it
Shechem - After the conquest of Canaan it became a Levitical city of refuge in Ephraim, and a gathering-place of the Tribes, Joshua 20:7 21:21 24:1,25 Judges 9:1-57 . Here Rehoboam gave the ten Tribes occasion to revolt, 1 Kings 12:1-33
Judges, Book of - Of the twelve Tribes, nine and a half occupied the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea (i. The other two and a half Tribes occupied the plateau region east of Jordan
Kings, Books of - Only the southern Tribes remained loyal to the Davidic dynasty in Jerusalem. The ten Tribes to the north broke away and formed their own kingdom (still called Israel) under the rebel leader, Jeroboam (12:1-33)
Jehoshaphat - ...
Afterward he changed his policy to one of alliance with Israel against, the common foe Syria and the eastern Tribes, Ammon, Moab, etc. ) Edom joined with Ammon and other desert Tribes enumerated in Psalms 83:3-7 ("other beside the Ammonites," KJV 2 Chronicles 20:1; Hiller proposes to read Maonites from Maan a city near Petra on mount Seir, Tribes from all parts of mount Seir: Keil; 26:7, Mehunims), to not only throw off Judah's supremacy but root the Jews out of their divinely given inheritance; but in vain
King - In order to preserve the nation from extermination, it became necessary that a closer connexion and a more intimate bond of union should exist between the different Tribes. The successes of the warlike Philistines made it clear to patriotic minds that the Tribes must be more closely connected, and that a permanent leader in war was a necessity. The succession in Judah remained all along in the house of David, and in the kingdom of the Ten Tribes father always succeeded son, unless violence and revolution destroyed the royal house and brought a new adventurer to the throne
David - Upon the death of Saul, he cut off the Amalekite who came to make a merit of having slain him; and by the immediate direction of God, who had promised him the succession, went up to Hebron, where, on a free election, he was anointed king over the house of Judah; and after about a seven years' contest, he was unanimously chosen king by all the Tribes of Israel, "according to the word of the Lord by Samuel. He had succeeded to a kingdom distracted with civil dissensions, environed on every side by powerful and victorious enemies, without a capital, almost without an army, without any bond of union between the Tribes. He had organized an immense disposable force; for every month 24,000 men, furnished in rotation by the Tribes, appeared in arms, and were trained as the standing militia of the country
Division of the Earth - Moses refers to it, as handed down to the Israelites, "from the days of old, and the years of many generations; as they might learn from their fathers and their elders," and farther, as conveying a special grant of the land of Palestine, to be the lot of the twelve Tribes of Israel:—...
"When the Most High divided to the nations their settlements, When he separated the sons of Adam, ...
He assigned the boundaries of the peoples [1] According to the number of the sons of Israel: For the portion of the Lord is his people, ...
Jacob is the lot of his inheritance," ...
Deuteronomy 32:7-9 . And as the ancestors of the numerous Sclavonic and Tartar Tribes, the first may be traced in the Mongogians, Monguls, and Moguls; the second, in the Tobolski, of Siberia; and the third, Mesech, or Mosoc, in the Moschici, Moscow, and Muscovites. And the Ionians appear to have been composed of the later colonists, the Palli, Pelasgi, or roving Tribes from Asia, Phenicia, and Egypt, who, according to Herodotus, first corrupted the simplicity of the primitive religion of Greece, and who, by the Hindus, were called Yonigas, or worshippers of the yoni or dove. But the Tribes of Phut and Lud are mentioned together, with Cush, or Ethiopia, Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 30:5 ; and Jerom notices a district in Libya, called Regio Phutensis, or the land of Phut. Beyond the Jebusites, were settled the Emorites, or Amorites, Numbers 13:29 , who extended themselves beyond Jordan, and were the most powerful of the Canaanite Tribes, Genesis 15:16 ; Numbers 21:21 , until they were destroyed by Moses and Joshua, with the rest of the devoted nations of Canaan's family
Bashan - Fitted for pasture; so assigned with half Gilead from Mahanaim to the half tribe of Manasseh, as the rest of Gilead was to Reuben and Gad, as those Tribes abounded in flocks and herds (Joshua 13:29-32; Numbers 32:1-33)
Ben-Hadad - He therefore "smote Ijon, Dan, Abel-beth-Maachah, Cinneroth, with all Naphtali" in the northern kingdom, namely, that of the ten Tribes under Baasha, thus enabling Asa to take away the stones of Ramah, which Baasha had built to prevent any repairing from the northern to the southern kingdom, Judah
Ahijah - He met outside of Jerusalem in the way, and foretold to, Jeroboam, the transfer of ten Tribes to him from Solomon, for Solomon's idolatries, by the symbolic action of rending the garment on him into twelve pieces, of which he gave ten to Jeroboam
Encampment - ...
Thus there were four standards, one for each "camp" of three Tribes: according to tradition the four cherubic forms, the lion (Judah, Genesis 49:9; Revelation 5:5), the ox (Ephraim, Deuteronomy 33:17), the man, and the eagle (Ezekiel 1:26; Ezekiel 10:1; Revelation 4:4, etc
Esarhaddon - ...
Esarhaddon was perhaps the most potent of the Assyrian kings, warring in the far East, according to the monuments, with Median Tribes "of which his father had never heard the name"; extending his power W
Cuttings in the Flesh - Jeremiah 9:26 ; Jeremiah 25:23 , where certain desert Tribes are named the ‘corners clipt,’ from their habit of shaving the temples, see Hair), and to ‘mar the corners of the beard’ (cf
Circumcision - It was observed always afterwards among the Tribes of israel, although it is not expressly mentioned from the time of the settlement in Canaan till the time of Christ, about 1,450 years
Gate (2) - In the prophetic picture of Zion restored and comforted, the gates were to be called ‘Praise,’ and those which John saw in the New Jerusalem bore on their fronts the names of the ‘twelve Tribes of the children of Israel’ (Revelation 21:12)
Army - It appears that all who reached the age of twenty years were contemplated as able to bear arms, Numbers 1:3 ; and they marched and encamped in 4 divisions of 3 Tribes each, with a captain over every tribe
Hezekiah, King of Judah - He proposed to all Israel and Judah to come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem to keep the Passover, and invitations were sent to all the Tribes to turn to the Lord and to come and keep it
Sennacherib - warred with the Tribes on Mount Zagros, and reduced the part of Media previously independent
Solomon - ...
God then stirred up adversaries against Solomon, and by the prophet Ahijah He foretold that Jeroboam would reign over ten of the Tribes
Hagar - They serve to show the purity and pride of Jewish descent, other Tribes in the neighbourhood being kindred to them, but only offshoots from the parent stock
Thirteen - ...
nu13 - The great tragedy of Israel's history came from the evil report of the ten Tribes
Abijah - "There waswarbetween Abijah and Jeroboam," and Abijah by a patriotic address to Israel sought to recover the ten Tribes
Wayfaring Men - Buckingham in his "Travels among the Arab Tribes," says, "A foot passenger could make his way at little or no expense, as travellers and wayfarers of every description halt at the sheikh's dwelling, where, whatever may be the rank or condition of the stranger, before any questions are asked him as to where he comes from, or whither he is going, coffee is served to him from a large pot always on the fire; and a meal of bread, milk, oil, honey, or butter, is set before him, for which no payment is ever demanded or even expected by the host, who, in this manner, feeds at least twenty persons on an average every day in the year from his own purse; at least, I could not learn that he was remunerated in any manner for this expenditure, though it is considered as a necessary consequence of his situation, as chief of the community, that he should maintain this ancient practice of hospitality to strangers
Dispensation, - Then followed the division of the earth into various nations and Tribes, according to their families and tongues
Tent - Amid the revolutions which have transferred kingdoms from one possessor to another, these wandering Tribes still dwell in tents, unsubdued and wild as was their progenitor
Edom, Edomites - The Edomites were a tribe or group of Tribes residing in early Biblical times in Mount Seir ( Genesis 32:3 , Judges 5:4 ), but covering territory on both sides of it
Joel, Book of - This enters into the details of the last days as far as Judah and Jerusalem are concerned, the restoration of the ten Tribes not being the subject here
Mourning - Burckhardt says the women of Atbara in Nubia shave their heads on the death of their nearest relatives --a custom prevalent also among several of the peasant Tribes of upper Egypt
Apostle - Though the ideal number always remained twelve (Revelation 21:14), answering to the twelve Tribes of Israel, yet just as there were in fact thirteen Tribes when Joseph's two sons were made separate tribal heads, so Paul's calling made thirteen actual apostles
Arabia - Designated Genesis 25:6 "the east country," the people "children of the East" (Genesis 29:1; Judges 6:3), chiefly meaning the Tribes E. Its early inhabitants were the Rephaim, Emim, Zuzim, Zamzummim (Genesis 14:5); Ammon, Moab, Edom, the Hagarenes, the Nabathaeans, the people of Kedar, and many wandering tent-dwelling Tribes, like the modern Bedouins, succeeded
Magi - ...
Herodotus tells us that the Magi formed one of six Tribes or castes of the Medes. To Iranian Tribes holding this faith came in the 7th cent
Galilee - Galilee contained four Tribes, Issachar, Zebulun, Naphtali, and Asher; a part, also, of Dan, and part of Persia, that is, beyond the river. Lower Galilee, which contained the Tribes of Zebulun and Asher, was sometimes called the Great Field, "the champaign,"...
Deuteronomy 11:30
Judea - Upon the conquest of the country by Joshua, it was divided into twelve portions, according to the number of the Tribes of Israel; and a general view of their respective allotments (though the intermediate boundaries cannot be very precisely ascertained) may convey some idea of its extent at that period. ...
After the death of Solomon, when the kingdom of the Hebrews had attained its greatest extent, it was divided, in consequence of a revolt of ten Tribes, into two distinct sovereignties, named Israel and Judah; the former of which had its seat of government in Samaria, and the latter in Jerusalem. ...
After a captivity of seventy years, the Jews, who had been the subjects of Judah, having received permission from Cyrus to return to their native country, not only occupied the former territories of that kingdom, but extended themselves over great part of what had belonged to the ten Tribes of the kingdom of Israel: and then, for the first time, gave the name of Judea to the whole country over which they had again established their dominion. All traces of its ancient division among the twelve Tribes were now abolished, and it was distributed into four provinces; namely, Judea Proper in the south, Galilee in the north, Samaria in the centre, and Peraea on the east of the river Jordan. ...
Peraea, though the name would denote any extent of country beyond Jordan, is more particularly applied to that district in 32 north latitude, which formerly composed the territories of Sihon, the Amorite, and Og, king of Bashan; extending from the river Arnon (which flows through an extensive plain into the Dead Sea) to the mount of Gilead, where the Jordan issues from the sea of Tiberias; and which fell to the lot of the Tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh
New France - The expansion of French influence was powerfully promoted by these intrepid missionaries who penetrated far into the wilderness, often alone, sometimes side by side with the great explorers and discoverers, winning the admiration, confidence, and friendship of the savage Tribes by their courage and self-denial, converting many, and attaching them indissolubly to New France
Hezekiah - The Tribes in the Northern Kingdom (Israel) had been subjected to Assyrian dominance
Household - The Hebrew people as a nation or any of its Tribes or clans may also be indicated by the term “household” (Exodus 19:3 ; Exodus 40:38 ; Isaiah 8:17 ; Amos 3:13 ; Amos 7:16 )
Bethel - During the civil war with Benjamin the Tribes took the ark thither to consult God (compare 1 Samuel 10:3)
Jordan River - ” River forming geographical division separating eastern and western Tribes of Israel
Zebulun - in mercantile and shipping enterprise; "and Issachar in thy tents"; both Tribes should rejoice in their undertakings a broad and at home, in their work and in their rest
Samaria - 723), which held out for three years, and was at length captured by Sargon, who completed the conquest Shalmaneser had begun (2 Kings 18:9-12 ; 17:3 ), and removed vast numbers of the Tribes into captivity
Beersheba - ...
"From Geba to Beersheba" or "from Beersheba to mount Ephraim" was the formula comprehending the southern kingdom of Judah after the severance of Israel's ten Tribes (2 Kings 23:8; 2 Chronicles 19:4), and on the return from Babylon still narrower, "from Beersheba to the valley of Hinnom" (Nehemiah 11:30)
Directions (Geographical) - ...
North and South “From Dan to Beersheba” (2 Samuel 3:10 ) describes the stretch of land the Tribes of Israel claimed after their entrance into the land
Aaron - His priestly vestments, especially the ephod and breastplate adorned with precious stones inscribed with the names of the Tribes, emphasized in a special way this ministry before God on behalf of the people
Gibeah - ...
It is the Gibeah of Benjamin destroyed by the other Tribes under the Judges (Judges 19; 20) for the flagrant abomination perpetrated there
Exodus, the - "He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their Tribes
Abner - ...
Henceforth, in consequence of the rebuke, Abner set about bringing the northern ten Tribes to David's sway
Horn - ...
Deuteronomy 33:17 (a) Type of the strength and the power of the two Tribes of Joseph
Gilead - When that king was defeated, his territory aroused the desires of the pastoral Tribes of Reuben and Gad
Greece - ...
As Galilee was thickly planted with Greek towns, there can be little doubt that Jesus knew the language, and spoke it when necessary, though it is probable that He commonly used Aramaic, as He came first to ‘the lost Tribes of Israel
Anglo-Saxon Church - The church of the Teutonic Tribes from northwestern Germany who invaded Britain south of the Rivers Forth and Clyde in the 5th century, displacing the Celtic inhabitants towards Wales and Cornwall
Together - 33:5 (the first biblical occurrence) the word is used emphatically, meaning “all together,” or “all of them together”: “And he was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people and the Tribes of Israel were gathered together
Fasting - The eleven Tribes which fought against that of Benjamin, fell down on their faces before the ark, and so continued till evening without eating, Judges 20:26
Throne - And Jesus Christ assures his Apostles that they should sit upon twelve thrones, to judge the twelve Tribes of Israel, Luke 22:30
Bashan - We had quitted too, the districts apportioned to the Tribes of Reuben and of Gad, and entered that part which was allotted to the half tribe of Manasseh, beyond Jordan eastward, leaving the land of the children of Ammon on our right, or to the east of the Jabbok, which, according to the authority before quoted, divided Ammon, or Philadelphia, from Gerasa
King, Kings - These kings, in many cases, were no doubt like the sheiks of Arab Tribes at the present day
Samaritans - But in the New Testament this name is the appellation of a race of people who sprung originally from an intermixture of the ten Tribes with gentile nations
Procopius of Caesarea - ...
The works of Procopius may be consulted with advantage for information on such points as the condition of the nations and Tribes of the Abasgi, Bruchi, Alani, Franks, Goths, Huns, Persians, Vandals; the wars of Belisarius, his character and life; geographical notices of towns, rivers, seas, mountains, and countries over a widespread area; the names of the bishops, and the ecclesiastical occurrences of his time, etc
Jerusalem - ...
Soon after being crowned king over all the Tribes of Israel, David led his private forces in the capture of Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:1-10 ) and made it his capital, a happy choice since it lay on the border between the northern and southern Tribes. ...
To the Temple in Jerusalem the Tribes came three times a year, so that “every one of them in Zion appeareth before God” (Psalm 84:7 )
Arms And Armor - Israel had expert archers in men from Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:40 ; 2 Chronicles 17:17 ) and the eastern Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh (1 Chronicles 5:18 ). The soldiers from the Tribes of Judah and Naphtali carried spears as a tribal weapon (1Chronicles 12:24,1 Chronicles 12:34 ). The Tribes of Judah (2 Chronicles 14:8 ), Gad (1 Chronicles 12:8 ), and Naphtali (1 Chronicles 12:34 ) used this type of shield with the long thrusting spear or lance as the offensive weapon in the other hand
Idolatry - God, therefore, incensed at the sins and idolatry of the ten Tribes, abandoned those Tribes to the kings of Assyria and Chaldea, who transplanted them beyond the Euphrates, from whence they never returned. They were punished after the same manner, though not so severely, as the ten Tribes; being led into captivity several times, from which at last they returned, and were settled in the land of Judea, after which we hear no more of their idolatry
High Priest - On it were the 12 stones in four rows, with the 12 Tribes engraven in the order of the encampment; just as the names of the 12 Tribes were on the 12 pearl gates, and in the 12 foundations (of precious stones) of the New Jerusalem wall the names of the 12 apostles of the Lamb. ...
Thus "the breast-plate of righteousness" or "judgment" symbolizes Israel's 12 Tribes accepted on the ground of the high priest's sacrificial intercession before God (Numbers 23:21). Two onyx stones, each inscribed with the names of six Tribes, clasped together on the shoulders the back and front pieces. The names of Israel's twelve Tribes on the high priest's shoulders and breast, as a memorial before the Lord continually, imply that the weight of our salvation is upon His shoulders, and our names on His heart before God (Song of Solomon 8:6), not one name is wanting (Isaiah 49:16; John 10:3; Revelation 2:17; Revelation 3:12)
Government - To raise their animals properly it would be necessary for the Tribes to search for pasture in the steppe lands, and to withdraw later to their winter homes. The judge was probably an individual of great prestige among his fellow-tribesman, and as such would be able to negotiate with the central government on behalf of his people. The heads of families became rulers in the tribe, and these persons, known as elders, administered customary law, made treaties, and occasionally allied with other Tribes in battle. This concept took dramatic shape when, under Moses, the twelve Tribes pledged allegiance to God at Mount Sinai, and among other privileges received a gift of land, from which they were instructed to drive out the inhabitants. The pledge to God (Exodus 24:7 ) made a theocratic society out of Tribes who had normally followed a casual and unregulated life, and the constitution given to them in the Sinai covenant contained specific laws that they were required to obey if they were to become a holy nation (Exodus 19:6 ). When Canaan was conquered, the various Tribes settled in the territories that God had allotted to them through Moses (Numbers 34:2-15 ), and built small settlements
Manasseh - Like the rest of the Tribes, they ‘were not able to drive out the Canaanites. See also Tribes of Israel
Judah - The kingdom of the ten Tribes, or Samaria, was distinct from Judah. It formed a divided character concerning Judah, that this kingdom retained a reverence for the true religion, and the priesthood, and the law, at a time when the ten Tribes were following idolatry
Judah, Kingdom of - of the Dead Sea; the largest extent among the Tribes, due to their valor in driving out the aborigines from their mountain strongholds. Their independence of the northern Tribes, and the jealousy of Ephraim, early prepared the way for the severance of the northern and southern kingdoms under Rehoboam
Priest - The high priests were nearly the same dress with the priests, and four articles in addition: an outer tunic, called the robe of the ephod, woven entire, blue, with an ornamented border around the neck, and a fringe at the bottom made up of pomegranates and golden bells: an ephod of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, with golden threads interwoven, covering the body from the neck to the thighs; having shoulder-pieces joined on the shoulders by clasps of gold in which were set onyx-stones graven with the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel; and also a girdle of fine linen, woven with blue, purple, scarlet, and gold, passed several times round the body: a breastplate, attached at its four corners to the ephod, and likewise bearing the names of the twelve Tribes on twelve precious stones; and the miter, a high and ornamented turban having on the front a gold plate with the inscription, "Holiness to the Lord
King - ...
During the period of the Old Testament, Israel’s national life functioned under various kinds of government – the absolute leadership of Moses (Numbers 12:6-8), a federation of self-governing Tribes (2 Chronicles 19:4-117), a united monarchy (1 Samuel 11:15), a divided monarchy (1 Kings 12:17-20; Psalms 89:26-29) and a governorship controlled by a foreign overlord (Nehemiah 5:14). The various Tribes looked after their own affairs (Judges 21:25)
Shewbread - For the later Hebrews, at least, the twelve loaves of the presence-bread doubtless represented the twelve Tribes of Israel, and were interpreted as a symbolical expression of the nation’s gratitude to God as the continual source of every material blessing
Levi - Levi received no land inheritance but cities scattered through Israel (Joshua 21:1-40), and depended on tithes paid by the other Tribes
Shepherd - (Genesis 29:6,8 ; Exodus 2:10 ) The Egyptian captivity did march to implant a love of settled abode, and consequently we find the Tribes which still retained a taste for shepherd life selecting their own quarters apart from their brethren in the transjordanic district
Heir - Africa, Arabia, among the Druses and Tribes of the Caucasus (Genesis 38:8-9; Deuteronomy 21:17; Matthew 22:23-25)
Spain - 116), but he was doubtless thinking of the barbarous Tribes of the northern mountains
Persia, Persians - Apparently they were a union of Tribes, the ancestors of Cyrus being the chiefs of the leading clan
Shepherd - The two and a half nomadic Tribes received their portion in the outlying regions beyond Jordan (Numbers 32)
Repent - 19-20): “And the children of Israel [3] repented them from Benjamin their brother, and said, There is one tribe cut off from Israel this day” ( Salt - Numerous instances occur of travellers in Arabia, after being plundered and stripped by the wandering Tribes of the desert, claiming the protection of some civilized Arab, who, after receiving them into his tent, and giving them salt, instantly relieves their distress, and never forsakes them till he has placed them in safety
Hezekiah - In the fourth year of his reign, Salmanezer, king of Assyria, invaded the kingdom of Israel, took Samaria, and carried away the ten Tribes into captivity, replacing them by different people sent from his own country
Justice - These judges were perhaps the "princes of the congregation," and the chiefs of the families and Tribes of whom we afterwards read, Numbers 27:3
Shepherd - Rachel the bride of Jacob was a shepherdess, 1 Chronicles 27:29-314 ; his sons, the fathers of the Tribes of Israel were shepherds, and so was David their king, Psalm 78:70-72
Phrygia - The Phrygians were an Aryan race who seem to have had their first home in Thrace, and to have crossed into Asia through the same southward movement of Tribes that brought the Hellenes into Greece
Jeshua - ...
At the dedication a sin-offering was offered "for all Israel, 12 he-goats, according to the number of the Tribes" (Ezra 6:15-22), and they kept the Passover "seven days with joy, for the Lord had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of the God of Israel
Mourning - The idea in the writer’s mind in Revelation 1:7 (‘Behold, he cometh with the clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they that pierced him, and all the Tribes of the earth shall mourn over him’) was probably the mourning of guilt, regret, and shame-there was no need to mourn a living Christ returning in glory
Valerianus, Emperor - The Goths and their kindred Tribes poured across the Danube into Illyricum and Macedonia
Arabia - Beside the Tribes of Midian, which gradually became blended with those of Ishmael, this was the country of the Edomites, the Amalekites, and the Nabathaei, the only tribe of pure Ishmaelites within its precincts. ...
The Arabian Tribes were confounded by the Greeks and Romans under the indiscriminate appellation of Saracens; a name whose etymology has been variously, but never satisfactorily, explained. Their religion at this time was Sabianism, or the worship of the sun, moon, &c; variously transformed by the different Tribes, and intermingled with some Jewish and Christian maxims and traditions. The Tribes themselves were generally at variance, from some hereditary and implacable animosities; and their only warfare consisted in desultory skirmishes arising out of these feuds, and in their predatory excursions, where superiority of numbers rendered courage of less value than activity and vigilance. Yet of such materials Mohammed constructed a mighty empire; converted the relapsed Ishmaelites into good Musselmen; united the jarring Tribes under one banner; supplied what was wanting in personal courage by the ardour of religious zeal; and out of a banditti, little known and little feared beyond their own deserts, raised an armed multitude, which proved the scourge of the world. Christian churches were subsequently founded, and many of their Tribes embraced Christianity prior to the fifth century; most of which appear to have been tinctured with the Nestorian heresy
Achan - The army of Israel crossed the Jordan, entered the devoted land, besieged its cities, and marched from victory to victory under the banners of their respective Tribes; very much as a modern army is made up of companies of men compacted together under the colours and the denominations of their respective clans and nationalities. Each of the twelve Tribes of Israel had its own regiment, as we would say, marching and camping and entering battle under its own ensign; and thus it was that when the armies of Israel marched round Jericho on the way to their miraculous conquest of that city the standard of the tribe of Judah led the sacred host. And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and brought Israel by their Tribes, and the tribe of Judah was taken; and he brought the family of Judah, and he took the family of Zarhites; and he brought the family of the Zarhites, man by man, and Zabdi was taken; and he brought his household, man by man, and Achan of the tribe of Judah was taken. ...
So Joshua rose early in the morning,-Joshua, like every good soldier, was an early riser,-and he brought all Israel by their Tribes, and their families, and their households, that the Lord Himself might make inquisition, and might put His finger upon the marked man
Lots - ] As the Semites regarded the land inhabited by a nation as the possession of the god of the nation, Palestine belonged, as an allotment, to Jahweh (Deuteronomy 32:9); hence it was His right and duty to put His people into actual possession (Psalms 105:11, 1 Chronicles 16:18), which He did (Psalms 78:55; Psalms 135:12, Acts 13:19), and to divide it up by kleromancy into allotments to the various Tribes (Numbers 26:55-56; Numbers 33:54; Numbers 36:2). ’]'>[13] This accordingly was done in regard to the nine and a half Tribes (Numbers 34:13, Joshua 14:2; Joshua 15:1; Joshua 16:1; Joshua 17:1; Joshua 17:4-17, Psalms 78:55), to the conquered land, to the land still unconquered after the first great effort (Joshua 18:6-11; Joshua 19:1-40), and at the death of Joshua (Joshua 13:6); also in regard to the towns for the Levites (Joshua 21:4, 1 Chronicles 6:54; Joshua 21:5, 1 Chronicles 6:61; Joshua 21:6, 1 Chronicles 6:62; 1 Chronicles 6:63; Joshua 21:8, 1 Chronicles 6:55). This was done ‘before Jahweh’ (Joshua 18:6) and under the direction of a committee consisting of the high priest, the political chief, and the heads of the fathers’ houses of the Tribes (Nahum 3:10,)
Assyria, History And Religion of - He warred with nomadic Tribes to the north and quelled a rebellion in Phoenicia, while Manasseh of Judah remained a loyal vassal. ...
After conducting a brief expedition against eastern Tribes, Esarhaddon's son, Ashurbanipal (668-627 B. Action against Arab Tribes followed, and the war with Elam continued until a final Assyrian victory in 639 B
Numbers, Book of - "...
The book opens with the numbering of the people, and then the arrangement of the Tribes around the tabernacle. There were twelve Tribes besides the Levites, who were reserved for the service of the tent of testimony, and would be located round the court. ...
Numbers 10 : Details are given as to the use of the silver trumpets for summoning the people, and the Tribes commence their journey
Macedonia - ) probably by Thracian and Illyrian Tribes. The Macedonians, Hellenic Tribes which were part of the Dorian invasion, settled first in the western mountains (the upper Haliacmon valley) before 1200 B
Abraham - as to the descent of 16 Arabian Tribes from Abraham and Keturah. The only question of practical moment is whether the legends have clustered round the name of a historic personality, the leader of an immigration of Aramæan Tribes into Palestine, and at the same time the recipient of a new revelation of God which prepared the way for the unique religious history and mission of Israel
Bread - Sometimes they use small convex plates of iron, which are most common in Persia, and among the nomadic Tribes, as being the easiest way of baking, and done with the least expense; for the bread is extremely thin, and soon prepared. They were twelve in number, according to the number of the twelve Tribes, in whose names they were offered
Samaria - SAMARIA, the capital city of the kingdom of the ten Tribes that revolted from the house of David. ...
Travellers give the following account of its present state:—Sebaste is the name which Herod gave to the name of the ancient Samaria, the imperial city of the ten Tribes, in honour of Augustus (Sebastos) Caesar, when he rebuilt and fortified it, converting the greater part of it into a citadel, and erecting here a noble temple
Language - The Mosaic history, which gives us an account of the formation and first occupations of man, represents him as being immediately capable of conversing with his Maker; of giving names to the various Tribes and classes of animals; and of reasoning consecutively, and in perfectly appropriate terms, concerning his own situation, and the relation he stood in to the other creatures. The dispersion of mankind carried many Tribes to great distances, and wars still farther scattered them, and often into wide regions where they were farther dispersed to live chiefly by the chase, by fishing, or at best but an imperfect agriculture
Assyria - The Assyrians were Semites (Genesis 10:22 ), but in process of time non-Semite Tribes mingled with the inhabitants
Sep'Tuagint - ; the Jewish slaves whom he set free, paying their ransom himself the letter of the king: the answer of the high priest; the choosing of six interpreters from each of the twelve Tribes and their names; the copy of the law, in letters of gold; the feast prepared for the seventy two, which continued for seven days; the questions proposed to each of the interpreters in turn, with the answers of each; their lodging by the seashore and the accomplishment of their work in seventy
Conscience - Even in the darkest regions of the earth, and among the rudest Tribes of men, a distinction has ever been made between just and unjust, a duty, and a crime
Numbers, Book of - They are to keep the land of promise within the Tribes and people it was promised to (in spite of extraordinary circumstances) (Numbers 27:1 );...
E
God And Magog - The name may have reached Palestine as that of a successful and distant king of barbarian Tribes and may have been used by Ezekiel as symbolic of powers hostile to the Kingdom of God
Ear - There are Tribes that give the cars of a dead enemy to their youths to be eaten, because they regard the physical ear as the seat of intelligence, which thus becomes an attribute of the consumer (J
Gregorius Theopolitanus, Bishop of Antioch - In spite of his age and infirmities, Gregory conducted a visitation of the remoter portions of his patriarchate, which were much infected with the doctrines of Severus, and succeeded in bringing back whole Tribes, as well as many separate villages and monasteries, into union with the catholic church ( ib
Genesis, Book of - From Isaac spring Jacob and Esau: Jacob obtains his two wives Rachel and Leah, and with them and their maids he begets the heads of the twelve Tribes, who are to possess the land as promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
Philippi - Gellius, 16:13); its inhabitants had Roman citizenship, the right of voting in the Roman Tribes, their own senate and magistrates, the Roman law and language
Sojourn, Dwell - In the eschaton such “clients” were to be treated as full citizens: “And it shall come to pass, that ye shall divide it [1] by lot for an inheritance unto you, and to the strangers that sojourn among you, which shall beget children among you: and they shall be unto you as born in the country among the children of Israel; they shall have inheritance with you among the Tribes of Israel” ( Inherit - 26:56) shortly before Moses’ death, and it fell upon Joshua to execute the division of the “possession”: “So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their Tribes” ( Asa - After this exhortation, Asa, being animated with new courage, destroyed the idols of Judah, Benjamin, and Mount Ephraim; repaired the altar of burnt-offerings; and assembled Judah and Benjamin, with many from the Tribes of Simeon, Ephraim, and Manasseh, and on the third day, in the fifteenth year of his reign, celebrated a solemn festival
Joshua - Having accomplished that arduous enterprise, and settled the chosen Tribes in the peaceable possession of their inheritance, he retired to Shechem, or, according to some Greek copies, to Shiloh; where he assembled the elders of Israel, the heads of families, the judges and other officers; and, presenting themselves before God, he recapitulated the conduct of Divine Providence toward them, from the days of Abraham to that moment; recounted the miraculous and gracious dispensations of God toward their fathers and themselves; reminded them of their present enviable lot, and concluded his solemn address with an exhortation in these emphatic words: "Now, therefore, fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity and truth; and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the Lord," Joshua 24
Giant - There is no evidence whatever, that the modern Tribes of mankind have thus degenerated
Feasts - The observance of these sacred festivals was adapted not merely to freshen the remembrance of their early history as a nation, but to keep alive the influence of religion and the expectation of the Messiah, to deepen their joy in God, to dispel animosities and jealousies, and to form new associations between the different Tribes and families
Joseph - Then all Joseph's brethren bowed down to him, as eventually all the twelve Tribes will bow down to the Lord
Deuteronomy - He brought the ceremony, and his leadership of Israel, to a fitting close by announcing prophetic blessings on each of Israel’s twelve Tribes (32:48-33:29)
Roman Empire - First the Tribes nearer at hand like the Volscians were conquered. Some modern historians think that these two classes represented different Tribes. Though the greater part of Spain had long been part of the provincial system, the hardy Tribes of the north-west, the Cantabri and Astures, had never been subdued. The Tribes of the Tyrol, the Rhaeti, Vindelici, and Norici were conquered in 15, and the Alpine Tribes in 14-13
James, the Letter - ...
Recipients Although some passages appear to address unbelievers (James 5:1-6 ), the letter is addressed to “the twelve Tribes in the Dispersion” (James 5:19-200 NRSV). Reference to the “twelve Tribes” suggests that the recipients were Jews
Hebrews - Here Moses died, and was succeeded by Joshua, who conquered the desired country, and allotted it to the several Tribes. Under his grandson Rehoboam, however, ten Tribes revolted and formed a separate kingdom, that of Israel, between which the kingdom of Judah there were hostile feelings and frequent wars
Jerusalem - ...
After the disruption of the kingdom on the accession to the throne of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, Jerusalem became the capital of the kingdom of the two Tribes. The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah contain the history of the re-building of the city and temple, and the restoration of the kingdom of the Jews, consisting of a portion of all the Tribes
Jews - the appropriate denomination of the descendants of Judah, which soon included under it the Benjamites, who joined themselves to the tribe of Judah, on the revolt of the other ten Tribes from the house of David. After the Babylonish captivity, when many individuals of these ten Tribes returned with the men of Judah and Benjamin to rebuild Jerusalem, the term JEWS included them also, or rather was then extended to all the descendants of Israel who retained the Jewish religion, whether they belonged to the two or to the ten Tribes, whether they returned into Judea or not. At the feast of the dedication, offerings were made for the twelve Tribes of Israel, which seems to indicate that some of all the Tribes returned from captivity; but by far the greater number were of the tribe of Judah, and therefore from this period the Israelites were generally called Judaei or Jews, and their country Judea. Judas Maccabaeus and his brothers were so successful, by their valour and conduct, in asserting the liberty of their country, that in a few years they not only recovered its independence, but regained almost all the possessions of the twelve Tribes, destroying at the same time the temple on Mount Gerizim, in Samaria
Christianity (History Sketch) - The emperors, who had displayed their zeal and their attachment to the religion of Jesus, by forcing their own subjects to profess it, conceived it to be their duty to communicate so great a blessing to all the nations which they could influence; and when they found it necessary to declare war against the savage Tribes which pressed upon the frontiers, or forced themselves within the precincts of the empire, they carried on hostilities with the view of rendering these instrumental no less to the diffusion of their religious tenets, than to the vindication of their authority, and the security of their dominions. When, accordingly, the Tribes which finally overran the Roman empire had ceased from the destructive contests by which they got possession of the regions that had long been blessed with civilization and enlightened by science, they surveyed with amazement and with admiration the people whom they had conquered; they were delighted with the luxuries which abounded among them; they were charmed with their manners and customs; and they eagerly conformed to institutions from which they hoped that they should reap what the original inhabitants of their settlement had enjoyed. They reached to almost every country in Europe; to Arabia, China, Judea, and many other parts of Asia; and the obscure Tribes, to whom no missionaries were despatched, gradually conformed to the religion of those more powerful states upon which they depended, or to which they looked with respect or veneration
Jeroboam - Ahijah the prophet of Shiloh had previously met Jeroboam by the way, and drawn him aside into the field, and in Jehovah's name intimated that Jeroboam should have ten Tribes, and the house of David one, for the apostasy of Solomon and the people, vividly symbolizing the fact as already accomplished in God's counsel by tearing His new (answering to the youthful vigour of the kingdom) four grainered garment into twelve pieces, and giving him ten. " The Tribes shall be united again in Messiah the Son of David (Ezekiel 37:16-22). ) Jeroboam took Syria's capital, Damascus (Exodus 32:8; Amos 6:14; where Amos warns Israel not to exult in having just taken Hamath, for that shall be the foe's starting point to afflict you: contrast 1 Kings 8:65), and Hamath, and restored the Tribes E
Dan (1) - Jacob on his deathbed said, "Dan shall judge his people as one of the Tribes of Israel" (Genesis 49:16), i
Baal (1) - It was laid aside for Jeroboam's calves, under Jehoram, Ahab's son (2 Kings 3:2), and under Jehu (2 Kings 10:28); but for the most part prevailed until the Lord in vengeance removed the ten Tribes from their land (2 Kings 17:16)
Levi - (See Genesis 49:5-7) And the prediction of this tribe being divided in Jacob, and scattered in Israel, was literally fulfilled; for we find in the settlement in Canaan, the sons of Levi had no share in the division of the land, but only certain cities among the other Tribes
Marriage - God reckoned the twelve sons of these four women equally as sons of Jacob, and they became the heads of the twelve Tribes
Israel, Kingdom of - Some gleanings of the ten Tribes yet remained in the land after so many years of religious decline, moral debasement, national degradation, anarchy, bloodshed and deportation
Jubilee, the Year of - (4) "This law of entail, by which the right heir could never be excluded, was a provision of great wisdom for preserving families and Tribes perfectly distinct, and their genealogies faithfully recorded, in order that all might have evidence to establish their right to the ancestral property
Baal - In the times of the kings it became the religion of the court and people of the ten Tribes, 1 Kings 16:31-33; 1 Kings 18:19; 1 Kings 18:22, and appears never to have been wholly abolished among them
Pontus - It is not possible to define the exact extent of the territory ruled by this king and his descendants, but it is certain that it included part of the country previously called Cappadocia, some of the mountain Tribes near the Black Sea coasts, and part of Pophiagonia; and also certain that its extent varied from time to time
Myrrh - It is collected in great quantities to-day by the Somali Tribes and sold to traders
Moses - Then, after blessing the Tribes (33), he ascends to "the mountain of Nebo (q. "Jehovah shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, and all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, and the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar" (Deuteronomy 34:2-3 ), the magnificient inheritance of the Tribes of whom he had been so long the leader; and there he died, being one hundred and twenty years old, according to the word of the Lord, and was buried by the Lord "in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Beth-peor" (34:6)
Genesis - God cares for the Arabian Tribes (Genesis 25:1-18 ). The patriarchal blessings belong to the Tribes of Israel (Genesis 48:1-49:33 )
Apostle - The Twelve formed the nucleus of this new people of God, corresponding to the twelve Tribes of Israel, and signifying God's saving activity at work in Jesus and his followers. Although not confined to the Jews, the mission of the Twelve had special relation to the twelve Tribes of Israel, as emphasized in the promise of Matthew 19:28
Wilderness (2) - The territories held by those nomads—called Bedawîn in modern times—are not without water and grass; but these indispensable resources, required for the herds, are both scarce, and the Tribes of shepherds, are compelled to remove their camps from one place to another for feeding and watering their cattle. The midbâr is therefore essentially the ground occupied by nomad Tribes; it forms around agricultural districts a zone variable in extension or breadth; sometimes culture wins over uncultivated lands, sometimes these regain spaces formerly tilled and sown
Song of Solomon - The virgins speak of their 'little sister:' what shall be done for her? This is doubtless an allusion to the ten Tribes, who did not have to do with Christ when on earth, and who will be dealt with differently from the two Tribes; but will be brought into the land and blessed there
Genesis - The patriarchs, for instance, are conceived as ancestors of Tribes and nations; and it is certain that in some narratives the characteristics, the mutual relations, and even the history, of Tribes are reflected in what is told as the personal biography of the ancestors
Abram - Abram (â'bram), high father, afterwards named Abraham (â'bra-ham), father of a multitude, Genesis 17:4-5, the great founder of the Jewish nation, as well as of the Ishmaelites and other Arabian Tribes. " It was not merely the laceration of domestic ties, not only the apparent blight of the promise so long waited for and then fulfilled—the whole basis of his trust seemed overturned, the character of the God he worshipped changed, his religion no better than that of the surrounding Tribes
Deluge - ) the same argument could be used and is actually used by native Tribes to prove other flood-stories in various parts of the globe; and (ii. the dispersion of peoples, and differences of language; the red colour, or the pale colour, of certain Tribes; the discovery of marine fossils inland, and so on
Jews - About this time the lewdness of the men of Gibeah occasioned a war of the eleven Tribes against their brethren of Benjamin: they were twice routed by the Benjamites, and forty thousand of them were slain. After about seven years' struggling between the eleven Tribes that clave to Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, and the tribe of Judah, which erected themselves into a kingdom under David, David became sole monarch. Under Solomon they had little war: when he died, ten of the Hebrew Tribes formed a kingdom of Israel, or Ephraim, for themselves, under Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, in opposition to the kingdom of Judah and Benjamin, ruled by the family of David. The kingdom of Israel, Ephraim, or the ten Tribes, had never so much as one pious king: idolatry was always their established religion. 3416, about three hundred and eighty-eight years after its division from that of the ten Tribes
New Jerusalem - ‘Her light was like unto a jasper stone, clear as crystal: having a wall great and high; having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve Tribes of the children of Israel: on the east were three gates; and on the north three gates; and on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. As in Ezekiel’s city, the twelve gates of the New Jerusalem bear the names of the twelve Tribes-three names on each side of its foursquare order (cf. The same connexion of the twelve Tribes and the twelve apostles appears in Matthew 19:28, where Jesus says of His disciples: ‘in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit on the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel. The wall is out of all proportion to the height of the city, but both heights, it ought to be noted, are multiples of twelve, the number of the Tribes and of the apostles
Covenant - " ...
This word is used (1) of a covenant or compact between man and man ( Genesis 21:32 ), or between Tribes or nations (Hebrews 6:13-206 ; Joshua 9:6,15 )
Melchizedek - At an earlier date persons belonging to other Tribes than that of Levi were sometimes priests: David’s sons ( 2 Samuel 8:18 ); and Ira the Jairite ( 2 Samuel 20:26 ), who belonged to Manasseh ( Numbers 32:41 ); but the author of Psalms 110:1-7 , in seeking a type for the combination in the same person of both the regal and priestly offices, had to go outside the limits of Israel, and found what he wanted in the priest-king of Salem, who was all the more adapted for the purpose by reason of the deference paid to him by so illustrious a personage as Abraham
Ezra - " In six months after his arrival he effected the purification of the holy nation from foreign admixture by causing 17 priests, 10 Levites, and 86 of other Tribes, to put away alien wives
Gilgal - of the nomadic Tribes, the aboriginal inhabitants of the country whose center was Gilgal
Canaan, Land of - ...
In Numbers 34:5-8 directions are given as to the boundaries of the land to be then possessed by the Tribes, and here a different word is used for 'river' ( nachal ) in 'river of Egypt
James, Epistle of - This was written to the twelve Tribes which were in the dispersion, viewing them as still in relationship with God, though it was only the Jewish remnant, now become Christians, who professed the faith, which the Spirit gave, in the true Messiah
Host - Some scholars have noted that the plan of the march, or the positioning of the Tribes, recalls the way ancient armies were positioned during military campaigns
Remember - The names of the twelve Tribes of Israel were engraved on two stones that were attached to the ephod as “stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord …” ( Phoeni'ce, Phoenic'ia - --In regard to Phoenician trade, connected with the Israelites, it must be recollected that up to the time of David not one of the twelve Tribes seems to have possessed a single harbor on the seacoast; it was impossible there fore that they could become a commercial people
Phrygia - There is a bitter saying in the Talmud to the effect that the baths and wines of Phrygia had separated the ‘Ten Tribes’ from the brethren (A
Benjamin - In giving his prophetic blessing on the future Tribes of Israel, Jacob knew that the descendants of Joseph would be far more dominant than those of Benjamin (Genesis 49:22-27)
Jerusalem - It was on the border of the Tribes of Benjamin and Judah, mostly within the limits of the former, but reckoned as belonging to the latter, because conquered by it, Joshua 15:8 18:16,28 Judges 1:18 . ...
After the division of the Tribes, it continued the capital of the kingdom of Judah, was several times taken and plundered, and at length was destroyed at the Babylonian captivity, 2 Kings 14:13 2 Chronicles 12:9 21:16 24:23 25:23 36:3,10 17:1-20:37 . But its old glory has departed; its thronging myriads are no more; desolation covers the barren mountains around it, and the Tribes go up to the house of the Lord no longer
Lots - ] As the Semites regarded the land inhabited by a nation as the possession of the god of the nation, Palestine belonged, as an allotment, to Jahweh (Deuteronomy 32:9); hence it was His right and duty to put His people into actual possession (Psalms 105:11, 1 Chronicles 16:18), which He did (Psalms 78:55; Psalms 135:12, Acts 13:19), and to divide it up by kleromancy into allotments to the various Tribes (Numbers 26:55-56; Numbers 33:54; Numbers 36:2). ’]'>[13] This accordingly was done in regard to the nine and a half Tribes (Numbers 34:13, Joshua 14:2; Joshua 15:1; Joshua 16:1; Joshua 17:1; Joshua 17:4-17, Psalms 78:55), to the conquered land, to the land still unconquered after the first great effort (Joshua 18:6-11; Joshua 19:1-40), and at the death of Joshua (Joshua 13:6); also in regard to the towns for the Levites (Joshua 21:4, 1 Chronicles 6:54; Joshua 21:5, 1 Chronicles 6:61; Joshua 21:6, 1 Chronicles 6:62; 1 Chronicles 6:63; Joshua 21:8, 1 Chronicles 6:55). This was done ‘before Jahweh’ (Joshua 18:6) and under the direction of a committee consisting of the high priest, the political chief, and the heads of the fathers’ houses of the Tribes (Joshua 14:1-2)
Government - Their power rested on the moral authority of the strong man, and, though sometimes extending over several Tribes, was probably never national. In Judah the hereditary principle prevailed (there were no rival Tribes to cause jealousy, and David’s line was the centre of the national hopes), but the people still had influence ( 2 Kings 14:21 ; 2 Kings 21:24 )
David - He laid waste the country of Philistine, allies, and pretended that he had destroyed only the Tribes dependent upon Judah; and he joined Achish's army when marching to the battle of Gilboa. But gradually the Tribes were flocking to David, 1 Chronicles 12:23-40; and Saul's house was weakening as he was strengthened; till at length Abner himself came with a proposal to transfer to him the whole kingdom
Hazor - Apparently, small nomadic settlements of Arab Tribes are meant
Glory - ...
In Wis 18:24 a special use appears, where ‘the glories of the fathers’ is a phrase for the names of the twelve Tribes, written on the precious stones of the high-priestly breastplate
High Place - Because of the seriousness of this sin, God divided the nation by removing ten Tribes from the kingdom of his son Rehoboam (1Kings 11:9-13,1 Kings 11:29-38 )
Adoption - The Tribes thus were 13, only that Levi had no land division; or Ephraim and Manasseh were regarded as two halves making up but one whole tribe
Mediator, Mediation - the ephod and breastplate, with their precious stones graven with the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel, Exodus 39:6-14 ), and to offer sacrifices for their sins ( Hebrews 2:17 ; Hebrews 8:3 ; he alone had the right of entry into the Holiest of all on the great annual Day of Atonement, Hebrews 9:7 ); and, on the other, to represent God to the people, in declaring His will by the Urim and Thummim, and blessing in His name (cf
Macedonia - , as well as the lowland Tribes which separated them from the sea
Branch - No one in Israel could be both a priest and a king, for the Tribes were not permitted to cross with each other
Chronology - )...
740 Captivity of the two and a half Tribes east of the Jordan
Bless - Jacob’s “blessings” on the Tribes (Gen
Four - The tabernacle rested in the center with three Tribes on each of the four sides
History, Church - As their interests were local, they have left mostly histories of dioceses or Tribes, annals of a limited period, or chronicles of a reign
Shewbread - ...
They represented the 12 Tribes before Jehovah perpetually, (see Revelation 21:12) in token that He was always graciously accepting His people and their good works, for whom atonement had been made by the victims on the altar outside
Assembly - -James, writing ‘to the twelve Tribes scattered abroad,’ uses the old familiar word ‘synagogue,’ which had become hallowed in the ears of the Dispersion by associations of worship and fellowship
Tree - The twelve springs may represent the twelve Tribes
Apostle - ...
On the death of Judas Iscariot, Matthias, an early disciple, was chosen in his place, for there must be (irrespective of Paul, who, as we have seen, held a unique place) twelve apostles as witnesses of His resurrection, Acts 1:22 ; Revelation 21:14 as there must still be twelve Tribes of Israel
Stand - With “to” the verb can signify being in a certain place to accomplish a predesignated task—so Moses said that certain Tribes should “stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people” ( Greek Language - In part, a prosaic language of books was formed, η κοινη...
...
διαλεκτος , which was built on the Attic dialect, but was intermixed with not a few provincialisms; but a language of popular intercourse was also formed, in which the various dialects of the different Grecian Tribes, heretofore separate, were more or less mingled together, while the Macedonian dialect was peculiarly prominent
ba'Bel - With the conquest of Cyrus commenced the decay of Babylon, which has since been a quarry from which all the Tribes in the vicinity have derived the bricks with which they have built their cities
Ezekiel - The Tribes of Israel were given equal portions for their respective tribal territories (47:13-48:29), but the chief blessing was that God now dwelt in the midst of his people for ever (48:30-35)
Israel - The nation became known as Israel, after Abraham’s grandson (originally named Jacob) whose twelve sons were the fathers of the twelve Tribes of Israel (Genesis 32:28; Genesis 35:22-26; Genesis 49:1; Genesis 49:28; 1 Chronicles 1:34; 1 Chronicles 2:1-2; see JACOB)
Judges - ), he appointed captains, rulers of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, namely, the recognized heads of Tribes or of chief houses in them, to judge at all seasons small matters, reserving the great ones for himself to decide, upon the principles which he should learn from God
Arnon - Later, when Israel’s territory east of Jordan was divided between its two and a half eastern Tribes, the Arnon became the boundary between Israel’s tribe of Reuben and the neighbouring Moabites (Deuteronomy 3:12; Deuteronomy 3:16)
Palm Tree - ...
Palms have been divided into five Tribes, over a hundred genera, over a thousand species: but there is a limited number of main kinds
City of Refuge - Scattered throughout the Tribes of Israel were forty-eight cities given to the Levites
Justinianus i, Emperor - The misgovernment of the imperial lieutenants completed the ruin which the Vandals had begun, and the wild Moorish Tribes encroached in all directions on the Roman population. The various Tribes whom the Roman historian calls Huns, and who included the race subsequently distinguished as Bulgarians, poured from the S. His policy was to foment hostilities between neighbouring Tribes, taking sometimes one, sometimes another, into alliance with the empire, and offering large presents, often so regular as to amount to a kind of blackmail, to buy them off for the moment or induce them to turn their arms against some other barbarian power. Even the Tribes of the Baltic and the Turks of Central Asia seem to have thus come into relations with him. ), and may appear shortsighted as supplying fresh inducements to the barbarians to renew their attacks and letting them know the wealth of the capital; but perhaps no other policy was possible, and the incidental advantages of Roman influence and culture upon the border Tribes may have been considerable
Canaan - Canaan had ten other sons, who were fathers of as many Tribes, dwelling in Palestine and Syria; namely, the Hittites, the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgasites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hemathites. It is true that many Africans, descendants of other branches of Ham's family, have been largely and cruelly enslaved, but so have other Tribes in different parts of the world. To three of the twelve Tribes, however, Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, portions of territory were assigned on the eastern side of the river, which were afterward extended by the subjugation of the neighbouring nations. At his death, ten of the Tribes revolted under Jeroboam, and the country became divided into the two rival kingdoms of Judah and Israel, having for their capitals Jerusalem and Samaria
Abram - A part of society following therefore the pastoral life, led forth their flocks, and, in large family Tribes, of which the parent was the head, uniting both the sovereign power and the priesthood in himself, and with a train of servants attached to the tribe by hereditary ties, pitched their camps wherever a fertile and unappropriated district offered them pasture. A few of these nomadic Tribes appear to have made the circuit of the same region, seldom going far from their native seats; which would probably have been the case with Abraham, had he not received the call of God to depart to a distant country. Wherever that sign was it declared the doctrine, and offered the grace, of this covenant—free justification by faith, and its glorious results—to all the Tribes that proceeded from Abraham. The immolation of human victims, particularly of that which was most precious, the favourite, the first-born child, appears to have been a common usage among many early nations, more especially the Tribes by which Abraham was surrounded
Number - There is no evidence of proficiency in arithmetic beyond the simplest operations, but we have examples of addition in connexion with the census in the wilderness, the numbers of the separate Tribes being given first and then the total ( Numbers 1:22 ff; Numbers 26:7 ff. It is suggested that the number 12 for the Tribes of Israel was fixed by the Zodiac; in the lists the number 12 is obtained only by omitting Levi or Dan, or by substituting Joseph for Ephraim and Manasseh. When the number 12 was established for the Tribes, its currency and that of its multiples were thus further extended; e
Family Life And Relations - The subtribe was really a greatly extended family; a collection of related subtribes formed a tribe; and a federation of Tribes yielded a people. Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh ; J
Census - A new census was taken 38 years afterwards in the plains of Moab (Numbers 26) for the division of Canaan among the Tribes according to their families (Numbers 33:54). This accounts for differences appearing between the total and the details (Ezra 2:59; Ezra 2:64) of the 42,360 who returned with Zerubbabel, 12,542 belonging to other Tribes than Judah and Benjamin (Ezra 10:2; Ezra 10:8; Ezra 10:18; Ezra 10:44; Nehemiah 7:1-67)
mo'Ses - The blessing of Moses on the Tribes, (33:1-29) The 90th Psalm, "A prayer of Moses, the man of God. The song and the blessing of the Tribes conclude the farewell
Jews in the New Testament - With the deportation and subsequent assimilation of the “Ten Lost Tribes” of the Northern Kingdom by the Assyrians after 722 B
Edom - know of Shasu (apparently semi-nomadic Tribes) from Seir and Edom
She'Chem - here, at this same place, the ten Tribes renounced the house of David, and transferred their allegiance to Jeroboam, (1 Kings 12:16 ) under whom Shechem became for a time the capital of his kingdom
Scythian - Pressed on by Asiatic Tribes, the Scythians seem to have driven the Cimmerians into Asia Minor and invaded Media
Hosea - In Hosea 4:17 , as elsewhere, Israel is called Ephraim, that being the chief of the ten Tribes
New Jerusalem - Israel's twelve Tribes and the church's twelve apostles are both included
Melchizedek - ), and may well have prevailed among the Canaanite Tribes
Ark of the Covenant - ...
Because of the faithless superstition of the wicked sons of Eli, the Hebrew Tribes were defeated in the battle of Ebenezer, and the ark was captured by the Philistines (1 Samuel 4:1 )
Colossae - The freedom and prosperity which they enjoyed probably induced many others to follow them, and there is a bitter saying in the Babylonian Talmud that the wine and baths of Phrygia separated the ten Tribes from their brethren (Shab
Gideon - Apostasy from Jahweh again resulted in their being oppressed, this time by the neighbouring Bedouin Tribes, the Midianites and Amalekites
Lama, Grand - he is not only worshipped by the Thibetians, but also is the great object of adoration for the various Tribes of heathen Tartars who roam through the vast tract of continent which stretches from the banks of the Wolga to Correa, on the sea of Japan
a'Braham - After Isaac's marriage with Rebekah and his removal to Lahai-roi, Abraham took to wife Keturah, by whom he had six children, Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbok and Shuah, who became the ancestors of nomadic Tribes inhabiting the countries south and southeast of Palestine
Hebrew Language - But the most decisive confirmation of this point is to be found in the ancient Hebrew coins, which were struck before the captivity, and even previously to the revolt of the ten Tribes
Husbandry - These regulations having been made in respect to the tenure, incumbrances, &c, of landed property, Joshua divided the whole country which he had occupied, first among the respective Tribes, and then among individual Hebrews, running it out with the aid of a measuring line, Joshua 17:5 ; Joshua 17:14 ; Amos 7:17 ; Micah 2:5 ; Psalms 78:55 ; Ezekiel 40:3
Idolatry, - The conquest of the ten Tribes by Shalmaneser was for them the last scene Of the drama of abominations which had been enacted uninterruptedly for upwards of 250 years
Babel - The different Tribes descended from Noah were here collected, and from this point were dispersed through the confusion of their language
Goel - This customary infatuation to revenge the blood of relations generates most of the feuds, and occasions great bloodshed among all the Tribes of Caucasus; for unless pardon be purchased, or obtained by intermarriage between the two families, the principle of revenge is propagated to all succeeding generations
David - ...
He was at once chosen king over the house of Judah, at Hebron; and after about seven years of hostilities was unanimously chosen king by all the Tribes of Israel, and established himself at Jerusalem-the founder of a royal family which continued till the downfall of the Jewish state
Wells And Springs - ...
So valuable was a supply of water, that a field containing a spring was a princely dowry, Judges 1:13-15 , and a well was a matter of strife and negotiation between different Tribes
Apostle - As twelve Tribes had formed the basis of the old people of God, so twelve apostles would be the foundation on which God would build his new people, the Christian church (Matthew 16:18; Ephesians 2:20; Revelation 21:12; Revelation 21:14)
Ephraim - This meant that Joseph would father two Tribes in Israel instead of one
Jabbok - Israel conquered both kings, and the territory became the homeland of the two and a half Tribes of Israel that settled east of Jordan (Numbers 21:21-26; Numbers 21:31-35; Numbers 32:33)
Ulfilas - About that period he produced his great literary work, inventing the Gothic character and translating "all the books of Scripture with the exception of the Books of Kings, which he omitted because they are a mere narrative of military exploits, and the Gothic Tribes, being especially fond of war, were in more need of restraints to check their military passions than of spurs to urge them on to deeds of war" (Philost
Israel, History of - To Jacob and his wives were born twelve sons, who, having migrated to Egypt, became the foundation for the twelve Tribes and for fulfillment of the promises originally made to Abraham. Joshua distributed the land among the Tribes and renewed the Covenant (Joshua 24:1 ). ...
For a period of approximately two centuries, the Israelites were centrally joined as autonomous Tribes around the ark of the covenant, a loose relationship centering in common worship commitments
Kings, the Books of - , Solomon's ascent of the throne, wisdom, consolidation of his power, erection of the temple, 40 years' reigning over the undivided twelve Tribes; the time of Israel's glory, except that toward the close of his reign his polygamy and idolatry caused a decline, and God threatened the disruption of the kingdom (1 Kings 11). The second period, from the division into two kingdoms to the Assyrian captivity of the ten northern Tribes, 975-722 B. Moreover one portion (Judah, also Benjamin, Simeon, and Dan in part Israel and Judah was reserved with Jerusalem for David's seed, and should not go with the other ten Tribes to Jeroboam
Ezekiel, Theology of - The terms "Magog, " "Meshech, " and so forth refer to Tribes in the Black Sea area (such as the Scythians), but the specific identity is not nearly so important as the fact that they were pagan, warlike peoples in the north. Similarly, the portrayal of the division of the land among the twelve Tribes (Ezekiel 47:13-48:35 ) is highly idealized and resists any attempt to set down literal borders for the Tribes (although this does not keep some imaginative interpreters from trying)
Tongues, Confusion of - from the Japhethites just before named the Tribes sprang by whom) were the isles (the maritime coasts) of the Gentiles divided in their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations" (Genesis 10:5). Moses does not contemplate a scientific scheme embracing all the Tribes and nations existing in the world at the time, but a genealogical arrangement of those best known to Moses and his readers
Numbers, the Book of - They bought provisions from neighbouring Tribes (Deuteronomy 2:26-29). The tabernacle is presupposed near, which is true only while Israel was in the wilderness; "Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites" (Numbers 21:13), could only be written in Moses' time; the Amorites were not yet supplanted by the two and a half Tribes: Numbers 32
Thousand Years - " Again, to the apostles (Luke 22:18), "ye are they who have continued with Me in My temptations, and I appoint unto you a kingdom as My Father hath appointed unto Me, that ye may eat and drink with Me at My table, and sit on thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel. " Again (Matthew 19:28), "ye that have followed Me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit upon the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel
Jeroboam - And Jeroboam was made king over the ten Tribes that day. The ten Tribes continued to go up to Jerusalem to Solomon's temple to worship God
Assyria - 721, carried the ten Tribes into captivity, placing them in Chalach and Chabor, by the river Gazon, and in the cities of the Medes, ...
2 Kings 17:6 . The people were distributed into a certain number of Tribes; and their occupations or professions were hereditary
Refuge, Cities of - This was likely the result of the fusion of different Tribes and the necessity of recognizing one common authority
Consecrate - Spanning out from the sanctuary are concentric circles of decreasing holiness the Levites, the twelve Tribes, the unclean and the heathen (Gentiles)
Korah - " Associated with him in the rebellion Dathan, Abiram, and On (the last is not mentioned subsequently), sprung from Reuben, who sought to regain the forfeited primogeniture and the primacy of their own tribe among Israel's Tribes (1 Chronicles 5:1)
Obadiah - Benjamin's acquiring Gilead implies that the transjordanic Tribes will acquire new possessions
Book(s) - ...
The Books of Joshua Joshua wrote one book detailing the allotment of Canaan to the Israelite Tribes (Joshua 18:9 ) and a book similar to the “Book of the Covenant” listed above (Joshua 24:25-26 )
Dibon - Taken from Sihon with his other possessions by Israel, and assigned to Gad (Numbers 32:33-34); mentioned also as belonging to Reuben (Joshua 13:9), the two pastoral Tribes less strictly defining their boundaries than settled populations would
Trajan - In the preceding year it had been necessary, in the interests of trade, to annex the territory of the turbulent Nabataean Tribes of Arabia Petraea, and thus the Roman province Arabia was formed
Field - Matthew 13:44) In ancient times the land was peculiarly subject to revolutions, exposed to raids from wandering Tribes, and, in some districts, liable to plunder from robbers at home
Temple, the - This is fully described in Ezekiel 40 — Ezekiel 44 ; it will be built when the land is once again divided amongst the twelve Tribes, and all brought into blessing
People - One must never forget, however, that among nomadic and semi-nomadic Tribes there is no distinction between the concepts “militia” and “kinsmen”: “And the Lord said unto Joshua, Fear not, neither be thou dismayed: take all the people of war with thee, and arise …” ( David, Welsh Saint - The Roman road Via Julia led to it; the voyage across was 45 miles; the Menapii, one of the Tribes which held the E
Samaritans - As the revolted Tribes had no more of the Scriptures than the five books of Moses, so the priest could bring no others with him beside those books written in the old Phenician letters
Feasts - To renew the acquaintance, correspondence, and friendship of their Tribes and families, coming from the several towns in the country, and meeting three times a year in the holy city
James - James is said to have preached to all the dispersed Tribes of Israel; but for this there is only report
Hornet - Other Tribes of the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hittites, were also expelled by the hornet gradually; not in one year, lest the land should become desolate, and the wild beasts multiply to the prejudice of the Israelites, Exodus 23:28-30
Language - ...
The miracle performed at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost was the reverse of that at Babel, Acts 2:1-18 , and beautifully illustrated the tendency of the gospel to introduce peace and harmony where sin has brought discord, and to reunite all the Tribes of mankind in one great brotherhood
Jacob - In Micah 1:5 the name is a poetic synonym for Israel, the kingdom of the ten Tribes
Joel - "Israel," when mentioned (Joel 3:2), represents the whole twelve Tribes
Baruch, Apocalypse of - 17), while to the lost Nine-and-a-half Tribes he sends a letter by an eagle (lxxvii. Baruch’s letter to the Lost Tribes. ]'>[9]7 They coincide also in much of their teaching, in the division of history into 12 parts, in the importance attached to Adam’s sin, in the legend of Behemoth and Leviathan, in the interest taken in the Lost Tribes,† Palestine - was too busy with his religious innovations to pay attention to his foreign possessions, and, city by city, his rule in Palestine crumbled away before the Aramæan Tribes, named in the Tell el-Amarna tablets the Khabiri . According to the older tradition preserved in Judges 1:1-36 , they entered the country without an individual leader, as a number of more or less independent Tribes or clans, and effected only a partial conquest, being baffled by the superior strength of certain specified cities. And lastly, we cannot doubt that an extensive Canaanite occupation remained in the towns expressly mentioned in Judges 1:1-36 , as those from which the various Tribes ‘drave not out’ their original inhabitants
Apostles - Our Lord was evidently thinking of the twelve Tribes of Israel. Though ten of the Tribes had largely disappeared, Israel still consisted ideally of twelve Tribes, and the mission of the Messiah was to be to all the Tribes of the nation
Wilderness of the Wanderings - During the 38 years Israel trafficked in provisions with surrounding Tribes (Deuteronomy 2:26-29). Sheep, oxen, and traffic with Tribes of the desert, ordinarily (under God's providence) supplied their need (Isaiah 63:11-14; Nehemiah 9:21; Amos 2:10)
James - What miracles in renewing the heart does the gospel work! Salome the mother of Zebedee's children, impressed by Christ's promise that the twelve should sit on thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel, begged, and her two sons joined in the prayer, that they might sit one on His right the other on His left hand in His glory (Mark 10:35-37). Thus the Jews wreaked their vengeance on him, exasperated at his prophecy of their national doom in his epistle, which was circulated not only in Jerusalem but by those who came up to the great feasts, among "the twelve Tribes scattered abroad" to whom it is addressed
Occupations And Professions in the Bible - Since the crises were generally wars, the judges were primarily military leaders, who rescued the Israelite Tribes from destruction by their warring neighbors. Every adult male (over the age of twenty) within the Tribes of Israel, was expected to serve in the military
Pentateuch - From the terms for "write," "book," "ink," being in all Semitic dialects, it follows they must have been known to the earliest Shemites before they branched off into various Tribes and nations. "Eleazar," Aaron's son, succeeds to his father's exalted position and with Joshua divides the land (Joshua 21:1), as Numbers 34:17 ordained; the Levites discharge their duties, scattered among the Tribes and having 48 cities, as Jehovah by Moses commanded (Numbers 35:7)
War - A general rendezvous was appointed, a review was made of the people by Tribes and by families, and then they marched against the enemy. The officers of war among the Hebrews were the general of the army, and the princes of the Tribes or of the families of Israel beside other princes or captains, some of a thousand, some of a hundred, some of fifty, and some of ten, men
Moab - Hanun king of the Ammonites having insulted David's ambassadors, David made war against him, and subdued Moab and Ammon; under which subjection they continued till the separation of the ten Tribes. ...
It is not easy to ascertain what were the circumstances of the Moabites from this time; but Isaiah, at the beginning of the reign of King Hezekiah, threatens them with a calamity, which was to happen three years after his prediction, and which probably referred to the war that Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, made with the ten Tribes and the other people beyond Jordan
Joshua - ...
Six cities of refuge were appointed, 48 to the Levites; and the two and a half transjordanic Tribes were dismissed home with blessings (Joshua 20-22). Again he gathered all the Tribes with their heads and officers to Shechem, as being the place where Abram received God's first promise of the land after his migration into Canaan (Genesis 12:6-7); more especially because here Jacob on his return from Mesopotamia settled, and removed his household's strange gods (Genesis 33:19; Genesis 35:2-4), just as Joshua now wished Israel to renew the covenant binding them to renunciation of all idols
Esau - Thus he became connected with the Ishmaelite Tribes beyond the Arabah valley
Tarsus - The citizens of Greek towns were divided into ‘tribes’ (φυλαί), each observing its own special religious rites; and, as the individual could not enjoy civic privileges except in his relation to the tribe, there must have been a φυλή of Jews in Tarsus, each member of which could boast of being ‘a Tarsian of Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city’ (Acts 21:39)
Phoenice - The Phoenicians after the severance of the ten Tribes no longer kept the covenant with Judah
Quirinius - Now at this period there were troubles with various Tribes in Syria and its frontiers
Sorcery - 101) uses this word to indicate the Magi, one of the six Tribes of the Medes, who were probably a sacred priestly class, devoted to astrology, divination by dreams, and the practice of magic generally
Jew, Jewess - Ἰουδαῖος) originally signified an inhabitant of the province of Judaea , or, more strictly, a member of the tribe of Judah in contrast with the people of the Northern Kingdom of the ten Tribes
Census - The people had often before been numbered by their Tribes, and Herod probably judged that, especially on this first occasion of such an enrolment, the use and wont would be more acceptable to his subjects than a method new to them, and would be less likely to arouse resentment or even tumult
Samaritan Pentateuch - It remains therefore uncertain whether...
(1) the original Samaritan was inherited from the ten Tribes whom the Samaritans succeeded; or...
(2) from Manasseh (Josephus Ate - ...
Revelation 21:12,21, 25 (c) These gates are no doubt poetic figures to represent the fact that only through Israel in the Old Testament as twelve Tribes, and the disciples in the New Testament, as twelve men, does any person have any opportunity of entering into GOD's Kingdom
Forsaking All - ‘Verily I tell you,’ answered Jesus, pitying their discomfiture yet resolute to correct their error, ‘that ye that have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit upon the throne of his glory, shall yourselves also sit upon twelve thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel
Ammon - Israel in turn conquered the Amorites, took the land for itself and divided it among the Tribes of Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh (Numbers 21:13; Numbers 21:24-26; Numbers 21:32-35; Numbers 32:1-5; Joshua 13:8-12)
Sanhedrin - 4), capital punishment wag pronounced and executed by the Little Sanhedrin of twenty-three in the various provinces or Tribes, but the tribunal of seventy-one in the Temple of Jerusalem was the only body vested with power and authority (1) to pronounce a verdict in a process affecting a tribe, a false prophet, or the high priest; (2) to declare war against a nation not belonging to ancient Canaan or Amalek; (3) to extend the character of holiness to additional parts of the Temple, or of Jerusalem; (4) to appoint Sanhedrin over the Tribes; (5) to execute judgment against a city that had lapsed into idolatry. ), refer to a time when the twelve Tribes still had their existence, and are consequently theoretical rather than real life issues
Galatia - (Γαλατία)...
Galatia was the name given by Greek-speaking peoples to that part of the central plateau of Asia Minor which was occupied by Celtic Tribes from the 3rd cent. 1), the three Tribes ‘spoke the same language and in no respect differed from one another. Galatia proper (the country of the three Galatian Tribes), part of Phrygia (including Antioch and Iconium), Pisidia, Isauria, and part of Lycaonia (with Lystra and Derbe)
Jacob - Acts 7:16 ); and for a time it was the centre of the confederation of the northern Tribes ( 1 Kings 12:1 , 2 Chronicles 10:1 ). The Tribes are reviewed in order, and the character of each is sketched in a description of that of its founder
Palestine - The Tribes of Asher, Naphtali, and Zebulun were assigned to this area. Transjordan Plateau East of the Jordan is an area where the Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh settled
Pentateuch - Genesis means “generation” or “origin”; Exodus means “going out”; Leviticus refers to the Levitical system; Numbers refers to the numbering of the Tribes, Levites, and first born (Numbers 1-4 ,Numbers 1-4,26:1 ); and Deuteronomy means “second law” (Deuteronomy 17:18 ). ...
The Deuteronomic Code (Deuteronomy 12-26 ) is part of Moses' address to the twelve Tribes just before they crossed the Jordan to go into Canaan
David - ...
King of Israel The northern Tribes then crowned David king at Hebron, uniting all Israel under him
Solomon - A petty nation, which for hundreds of years has with difficulty maintained a separate existence in the midst of warlike Tribes, each of which has in turn exercised dominion over it and oppressed it, is suddenly raised by the genius of a soldier-monarch to glory and greatness
Jehoiachin - heads of Tribes and families found in Jerusalem (including the nation's spiritual heads, priests and prophets, with Ezekiel: Jeremiah 29:1; Ezekiel 1:1) must have been 2,000, to make up the "ten thousand
Samaria - 10:9, section 7) notices the difference between the ten and the two Tribes
Elijah - He repaired Jehovah's altar that was broken down, building it of twelve stones, according to the number of the Tribes of Israel, he offered his sacrifice, deluged three times with water the altar, wood, and victim, till the trench around the altar was full; then offered up in the hearing of Israel an affecting prayer to the "Jehovah God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel," upon which the fire of the Lord fell, and all was consumed, the sacrifice, wood, stones, dust, and water
Adder - "...
The wonderful effect which music produces on the serpent Tribes, is confirmed by the testimony of several respectable moderns
Elijah - He repaired Jehovah's altar that was broken down, building it of twelve stones, according to the number of the Tribes of Israel, he offered his sacrifice, deluged three times with water the altar, wood, and victim, till the trench around the altar was full; then offered up in the hearing of Israel an affecting prayer to the "Jehovah God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel," upon which the fire of the Lord fell, and all was consumed, the sacrifice, wood, stones, dust, and water
Purification (2) - Among some Arab Tribes it was customary to build a hut outside the camp, where the woman had to stay for a time (Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible iv
Severus, Aurelius Alexander - The senate, knights, Tribes, and army were purged of the infamous persons appointed by Elagabalus, and the imperial establishment reduced as low as possible
Theodoricus, the Ostrogoth - The Goths were probably settled by families and Tribes (Var
Babel - because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth," in order to counteract their attempt by a central city and tower to defeat God's purpose of the several Tribes of mankind being "scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth," and to constrain them, as no longer "understand one another's speech," to dispel The Talmud says, the site of tower of Babel is Borsippa, the Bits Nimrud, 7 1/2 miles from Hillah, and 11 from the northern ruins of Babylon. God had infatuated His will that "the earth should be divided," the several Tribes taking different routes, in the days of Peleg ("division"), born 100 years after the flood (Genesis 10:25; Genesis 10:32; Deuteronomy 32:8). He united Tribes previously independent
Law - The Exodus and the subsequent wanderings constitute the formative epoch of Israel’s career: it was the period of combination and adjustment between the various Tribes towards effecting a national unity. There was only one method by which any such universal recognition could be attained; and that was by placing the legal and judicial system upon the basis of an appeal to that religion, which had already been successful in rousing the twelve Tribes to a sense of their unity, and which, moreover, was the one force which could and did effectually prevent the disintegration of the heterogeneous elements of which the nation was composed. It is, in a manner, far more miraculous that God should at that early age, among those half-civilized Tribes, have written these laws by His spirit on man’s conscience and understanding, than that amid thunder and flame He should have inscribed them with His own fingers upon two tables of stone
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - Even though Israelite Tribes were given special permission to settle in the Transjordan, it was always clear that, beyond the Jordan, they actually were residing outside the Promised Land (Joshua 22:1 ). ” The Yarkon, in biblical times, formed the border between the Tribes of Dan and Ephraim to the north
Leadership - ...
When the ten northern Tribes seceded from Judah the Davidic covenant did not apply to their kings, but the issue of obedience as outlined in Deuteronomy still obtained. Their area of jurisdiction was local, sometimes extending to several Tribes, and their judgeships apparently overlapped (e
Zechariah, the Book of - The mention of Ephraim and Israel as distinct from Judah, in chapters 10 to 14, points to the ultimate restoration, not only of the Jews but of the northern Israelite ten Tribes, who never returned as a body from their Assyrian captivity, the earnest of which was given in the numbers out of the ten Tribes who returned with their brethren of Judah from the Babylonian captivity under Cyrus
Preaching - Public preaching does not appear under this economy to have been attached to the priesthood: priests were not officially preachers; and we have innumerable instances of discourses delivered in assemblies by men of other Tribes beside that of Levi, Psalms 68:11 . Joshua was an Ephraimite; but, being full of the spirit of wisdom, he gathered the Tribes to Shechem, and harangued the people of God, Deuteronomy 34:9 ; Joshua 24
Joseph - ...
The name Joseph denotes the two Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh in Deuteronomy 33:13-17 ; the kingdom of Israel in Ezekiel 37:16,19 , Amos 5:6 ; and the whole covenant people of Israel in Psalm 81:4
Exodus - In the midst of the Passover feast, before the dawn of the 15th day of the month Abib (our April nearly), which was to be to them henceforth the beginning of the year, as it was the commencement of a new epoch in their history, every family, with all that appertained to it, was ready for the march, which instantly began under the leadership of the heads of Tribes with their various sub-divisions
Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre - This form of sepulture in chambers was used also by the Tribes of the desert
Mission(s) - The church was to cross all barriers—to reach out to all ethnic groups, clans, Tribes, social classes, and cultures
Samuel, Books of - This did not mean eternal war among Tribes and families
Agriculture - Agriculture was the basis of the Mosaic commonwealth; it checked the tendency to the roving habits of nomad Tribes, gave each man a stake in the soil by the law of inalienable inheritances, and made a numerous offspring profitable as to the culture of the land
Isaiah, Book of - Deuteronomy 32:15 ; Deuteronomy 33:26,27 ; Israel, embracing the twelve Tribes
Augustinus, Archbaptist of Canterbury - Thus, unsuccessful, Augustine returned to Canterbury, and there relaxed none of his efforts to evangelize the Saxon Tribes
Philistia - As in Amos and Jeremiah the Philistines are traced to Caphtor, probably the Casluhim and Caphtorim were Tribes which intermingled, the Caphtorim having strengthened the Casluchian colony by immigration; so the Philistines may be said to have come from either (Bochart)
Triumphs - The song of Deborah and Barak, after the decisive battle in which Sisera lost his life, and Jabin his dominion over the Tribes of Israel, is a production of the same sort, in which the spirit of genuine heroism and of true religion are admirably combined
Tabernacle - ]'>[1] more correctly ‘ tent of meeting ,’ see below), is usually understood the elaborate portable sanctuary which Moses erected at Sinai, in accordance with Divine instructions, as the place of worship for the Hebrew Tribes during and after the wilderness wanderings. Since the tents of the Hebrew Tribes, those of the priests and Levites, and the three divisions of the sanctuary court, holy place, and the holy of holies represent ascending degrees of holiness in the scheme of the Priestly writer, the appropriate order of study will be from without inwards, from the perimeter of the sanctuary to its centre
Deuteronomy, Theology of - " There is more to Israel, then, than a national organization of Tribes. Finally, in affirmation of the steadfastness of Yahweh's commitment to the nation, Moses offered a promissory blessing in which the Tribes are prophetically described as recipients of divine favor
David - Here David lived among his followers for some time as an independent chief engaged in frequent war with the Amalekites and other Tribes on the south of Judah. There was a strong popular sentiment against the taking of the census, and the outburst of the plague in connection with it deepened the feeling of jealously that had begun to manifest itself among some of the Tribes against David
Jacob - In the genealogy those named are the heads of Tribes and of famiLies. In Genesis 49:28 his prophecy as to his several sons and the Tribes springing from them is called a "blessing" because, though a portion was denunciatory, yet as a whole all were within the covenant of blessing, but with modifications according to their characteristics
Idolatry - The Tribes had at first to act independently, and in some cases were unable to dislodge the Canaanites ( Judges 1:1-36 )
Abraham - ...
Abraham is of profound religious significance because he was the historic ancestor of the twelve Tribes, the "seed of Abraham, " who regularly described their God as "the God of Abraham
Bread - Out of this custom, prevailing among the pastoral Tribes and the poorest of the peasantry, were developed several improved methods made possible by more civilized conditions of life
Corner-Stone - In Isaiah 19:13 it is stated that the error of Egypt was through her trust in the princes of Zoan and Noph, who were I the corner-stones of her Tribes
Assyria - The Assyrian king, in the might of his power, subjected the ten Tribes, and carried multitudes of them into the far east; he passed also like a flood over the country of Judah, taking many of the cities throughout her territory; and in his presumptuous boldness he conceived that no earthly power could resist him, and even defied Jehovah, the God of Jacob
Exodus - This was refused; and Israel, feeling too weak to penetrate into Palestine from the south, in face of the powerful Tribes of Canaanites dwelling there, was compelled to take the southern passage around Edom, Numbers 21:4
Psalms, Book of, - We are now brought to a series of psalms of peculiar interest, springing out of the political and religious history of the,separated ten Tribes
Judah - In Moses' dying blessing (Deuteronomy 33:7) he prays: "Hear Lord the voice of Judah (in prayer) and bring him (marching at the head of the Tribes back again victorious) unto his people
Nazarene (2) - ‡ Peraea - The mission of the Seventy was to Peraea, and although the restriction laid upon the Twelve (whose number corresponded with that of the Tribes of Israel), ‘Go not into any way of the Gentiles’ (Matthew 10:5-6), is significantly absent in the case of the Seventy (whose number is typical of the nations of the earth), yet the scope of our Lord’s ministry makes it evident that they were to encounter, at least for the most part, Jews
Bible - It does not appear that any other books were added to these, till the division of the ten Tribes, as the Samaritans acknowledged no others. Kennicott, with better reason, supposes, that long before this time there were several copies of the law in Israel, during the separation of the ten Tribes, and that there were some copies of it also among the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, particularly in the hands of the prophets, priests, and Levites; and that by the instruction and authority of these MSS, the various services in the temple were regulated, during the reigns of the good kings of Judah
Palestine - An inner ring of wild Arabian Tribes wandered over the eastern desert, and now and then raided the land. ...
One fact of great significance in the life of Palestine was that it had to be lived in constant view of the desert Tribes to the east of it. Kinglake has described the Jordan as the boundary-line between roofs and tents; and besides the tents of nomad Tribes there were also those cities of Edom and the Hauran, where, in a rude kind of civilization, Arab kings ruled their kingdoms
Type - The triumph song of Moses and the children of Israel (Exodus 15:1, Deuteronomy 31:30; Deuteronomy 32:4) becomes ‘the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb’ (Revelation 15:3); the manna by which Israel was fed in the wilderness tells of a hidden manna given to him that over-cometh (Revelation 2:17); the twelve Tribes reappear in the twelve companies of the sealed servants of God (Revelation 7:4-8); Jerusalem itself is transfigured into the new Jerusalem, the city of God (Revelation 3:12, Revelation 21:2; Revelation 21:10); Mount Zion, to which the Tribes went up, becomes the gathering place of the hosts of the redeemed (Revelation 14:1-3)
Priests And Levites - ]'>[1] ’s theory of the origin of the hierarchy was as follows: The Levites were one of the 12 Tribes of Israel, descended from Levi , one of Jacob’s sons. In 1 Samuel 2:29 in a document probably at earliest only a little before Josiah’s reign he is spoken of in a way which implies that he held a unique position among the Tribes of Israel
Law of Moses - The members were priest, scribes (Levites), and elders (of other Tribes). --The heads of the Tribes, see ( Joshua 9:15 ) seem to have had authority under Joshua to act for the people, comp
Apostles - The number twelve in some way identified them as continuing God's work through the twelve Tribes of Israel
Samson - As already pointed out, Samson is in no sense the leader of a revolt against the foreign dominion, and his neighbours of Judah show no desire to make his private quarrels an excuse for a rising ( Judges 15:11 ); there is no union even between the Tribes of the south
Judgment - It is to be noted that He associates with Himself the twelve disciples (like the Roman assessors of judgment) who are to judge the twelve Tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30; cf
Chronicles, i - Asa ( 2 Chronicles 14:8 ) takes the field against Zerah the Ethiopian, who has 1,000,000 men, with 300,000 men of Judah, and 280,000 of Benjamin, the smallest of the Tribes, which had previously been practically wiped out by the slaying of 25,000 men ( Judges 20:46 )
Edom - The dukes did not precede the line of Edomite kings, and afterward succeed again (Genesis 36); but a single king (emir) reigned in all Edom contemporaneous with several dukes (skeikhs) or princes of local Tribes
Language of Christ - Beyond the Jordan, and in the border lands of the south, there was some mingling with the neighbouring Moabite, Idumæan, and Arab Tribes, and probably many dialects were spoken, the records of which have perished for ever
New Covenant - Similarly in 49:6-8 the Servant is said to be appointed to restore the Tribes of Jacob, be a light to the nations, and become a covenant for the people
Judaea - The scattered remnants of the Israelites who availed themselves of this opportunity, representing most, if not all, of the several Tribes, joined forces with the men of Judah in rebuilding the Temple and its defences; and from this date, except on the lists of the genealogical and tribal records, they were not distinguished from them
Twelve - In the twelve Tribes, He controlled their politics; in the twelve loaves, He sustained and provided enough for all; in the twelve spies, He controlled their knowledge and information, even though some disobeyed; in the twelve disciples, He showed His lordship over the church and His ability to provide the gifts the church needs; in the twelve gates to Jerusalem, He manifested His control over who and what entered the kingdom
Shepherds - Shaw, who states, that several Arabian Tribes, who can bring no more than three or four hundred horses into the field, are possessed of more than as many thousand camels, and triple the number of sheep and black cattle
Tabernacle - The altar of burnt offerings, especially, was sanctified by sacrifices during seven days, Exodus 29:37 ; while rich donations were given by the princes of the Tribes for the service of the sanctuary, Numbers 7:1
Name - ...
As the totemistic Tribes amalgamated, the wider life demanded more exact, more personal, designations
Judaea - The scattered remnants of the Israelites who availed themselves of this opportunity, representing most, if not all, of the several Tribes, joined forces with the men of Judah in rebuilding the Temple and its defences; and from this date, except on the lists of the genealogical and tribal records, they were not distinguished from them
Nationality - ’ He spoke of His disciples sitting on twelve thrones judging the twelve Tribes (Matthew 19:28)
Jerusalem - The two royal Tribes met in Jerusalem David showed his sense of the importance of the alliance with Saul of Benjamin by making Michal's restoration the condition of his league with Abner (2 Samuel 3:13). ...
For this its situation admirably adapted it, bordering between Judah, his own tribe, and the valiant small tribe of Benjamin, which formed the connecting link with the northern Tribes, especially with Ephraim the house of Joseph
Preaching - ...
Public preaching does not appear under the aeconomy to have been attached to the priesthood: priests were not officially preachers; and we have innumerable instances of discourses delivered in religious assemblies by men of other Tribes besides that of Levi, Psalms 68:11 . Joshua was an Ephraimite; but being full of the spirit of wisdom, he gathered the Tribes to Shechem, and harrangued the people of God, Deuteronomy 34:9
Jacob - Original ancestor of the nation of Israel and father of the twelve ancestors of the twelve Tribes of Israel (Genesis 25:1Exodus 25:1—1:5 )
Saul - ), an army out of all the Tribes of Israel rallied at his summons to the trysting-place at Bezek, and he led them forth a great army to battle, gaining a complete victory over the Ammonite invaders at Jabesh (11:1-11)
Israel, Israelite - The following expressions are found: ‘Israel,’ with or without the article (Matthew 8:10; Matthew 9:33, Luke 1:54; Luke 1:80; Luke 2:25; Luke 2:34; Luke 4:25; Luke 4:27; Luke 7:9; Luke 24:21, John 1:31; John 3:10; also Mark 12:29 vocative); ‘people (λαός) Israel’ (Matthew 2:6, Luke 2:32); ‘house of Israel’ (Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24); ‘sons of Israel’ (Matthew 27:9, Luke 1:16); ‘tribes of Israel’ (Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30); ‘land of Israel’ (Matthew 2:20 f
Nahum - of Nineveh; and accordingly he is said to have lived there, a descendant of a member of the ten Tribes who was deported in b
Name, Names - The majority of these were no doubt fixed by the Tribes whom the Hebrews dispossessed
Idol, Idolatry - Socially idolatry became a family affair, involving cities, towns, clans, and Tribes
Sabbath - The 12 loaves of shewbread representing the offerings of the 12 Tribes symbolized the good works which they should render to Jehovah; diligence in His service receiving fresh quickening on the day of rest and holy convocation before Him
Simeon - Simeon stands first of the Tribes appointed to bless the people on Mount Gerizim (Deuteronomy 27:12)
Fall - Those captive Tribes fell off from God to worship calves
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - 7) that they must have been of the same tribe, because ‘intermarriages between different Tribes were not permitted
Versions of the Scripture, Ancient - A missionary from Thessalonica, named Cyril, visited these Tribes, learnt their language, and then invented an alphabet that he might translate into their vernacular tongue the word of God
Isaiah - To detect, reprove, aggravate, and condemn, the sins of the Jewish people especially, and also the iniquities of the ten Tribes of Israel, and the abominations of many Gentile nations and countries; denouncing the severest judgments against all sorts and degrees of persons, whether Jews or Gentiles
Red Sea - This region, including Wadi-t-Tumeylat , was probably the frontier land occupied in pact by the Israelites, and open to the incursions of the wild Tribes of the Arabian desert
Proselyte - ...
This spiritual enthusiasm for God’s honour and man’s salvation continued till about the time of the Maccabees, when the tenderer springs of the Jewish spirit were dried up, and the sword became the instrument of national idealism, and whole cities and Tribes were given the option of circumcision or exile, if not slaughter ( 1Ma 2:46 ; 1Ma 13:48 ; 1Ma 14:14 ; 1Ma 14:36 ; Jos
Deuteronomy - the Tribes are commissioned to do, and there are no blessings uttered at all
Jordan - Four fifths of Israel, nine Tribes and a half, dwelt W
Jacobus Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa - But, in his beggar's garb, aided by the friendly Arab Tribes and the people of Syria and Asia, he eluded all attempts to seize him, and lived into the reign of Tiberius
Jephthah - a mob of runaway Ephraimites in the midst of the two noblest Tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh (compare 1 Samuel 25:10)
Temple - The temple was on the boundary line between Judah and Benjamin, and so formed a connecting link between the northern and the southern Tribes; almost in the center of the nation. 15,000 or 16,000 gallons of water (3,000 in 2 Chronicles 4:5 probably a copyist's error), supported by 12 oxen, three on each side (representing the 12 Tribes)
Revelation, the - This is parenthetic, describing the sealing of a perfect number of the twelve Tribes — the spared ones of Israel; they are sealed for preservation: cf. On the gates are the names of the twelve Tribes of Israel: cf
Pharaoh - " The Egyptians called the nomad Tribes of Syria Shasu, "plunderers," their king or chief Hyk, and hence the name of those invaders who conquered the native kings and established a strong government, with Zoan or Tanis as their capital
David - The Chronicler does not report the rival kingdom in the hands of a descendant of Saul during David's seven years at Hebron or David's negotiations for rule over the northern Tribes
Balaam - Then Balaam, seeing God's determinate counsel, stopped seeking further enchantments, but looking at Israel in their beautiful order by Tribes, he compares them to the rows of lign aloes and cedars by the waters, and foretells the advent of a Hebrew prince who should smite Moab and Edom (David, 2 Samuel 8, the type), and of the Messiah, the Star out of Jacob" (compare Revelation 22:16; Matthew 2, announced to the Gentile wise men from the E
Daniel, the Book of - So the ten Tribes' kingdom, Israel, fell by Assyria (722 B
Seventy (2) - ]'>[5] just as the appointment of the Twelve may have been suggested by the number of the Tribes of Israel
Tiberius - In 8 he was victorious over the Sugambri and other German Tribes, and celebrated his triumph in 7
Pottery in Bible Times - ) A transitional phase (first identified MB I, and now mostly EB-MB) resulted from nomadic or seminomadic Tribes who destroyed the final phase of EB culture
Babylon, History And Religion of - Floods, famine, widespread settlement of nomadic Aramean Tribes, and the arrival of Chaldeans in the south plagued Babylon during this time of confusion
Jerusalem - '...
Jerusalem was taken from the Jebusites and the city burnt, Judges 1:8 ; but the Jebusites were not all driven out, for some were found dwelling in a part of Jerusalem called the fort, when David began to reign over the whole of the Tribes
Excommunication (2) - But the ultimate roots of the practice are to be sought in the Pentateuchal legislation, with its exclusion of the ceremonially unclean from the camp of the congregation (Leviticus 13:45-46, Numbers 5:2-3), and its devotion to destruction (חָרַם, whence חרָם) of whole cities or Tribes as enemies of Israel (Deuteronomy 2:34; Deuteronomy 3:6; Deuteronomy 7:2; cf
Dwelling - Some of the material of these houses may be still existing in the massive dwellings of Bashan, altered from what they were when the victorious Tribes took possession of them
Marriage - " A man was at liberty to marry not only in the twelve Tribes, but even out of them, provided it was among such nations as used circumcision; such were the Midianites, Ishmaelites, Edomites, Moabites, and Egyptians
David - Ish-bosheth, son of Saul, was afterwards chosen king by the other Tribes
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - He foresees the impurity of his descendants; yet they shall have God’s temple in their portion, and there shall the twelve Tribes and the Gentiles meet (ix. ’ In a sense the ten non-Judaic Tribes were represented by the inhabitants of Galilee, Samaria, and Peraea, who were incorporated in the new Israelite kingdom of the Maccabees
Messiah - It was said, that great multitudes marched from unknown parts to the remote deserts of Arabia, and they were supposed to be the ten Tribes of Israel, who had been dispersed for many ages; that a ship was arrived in the north part of Scotland with sails and cordage of silk: that the mariners spake nothing but Hebrew; that on the sails was this motto, The twelve Tribes of Israel
Possession - Further, some of these becoming more important than others, came to be the chief deities of Tribes and nations, and then, like Zeus, the head of a pantheon. ...
Anthropological research shows that demonomania prevails or has prevailed among the Amerind Tribes from the furthest North to Patagonia, throughout Polynesia, in New Zealand, the Australian and Tasmanian regions, in all parts of India and Africa, among the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and all the Semitic nations
Transportation And Travel - However, it could not be used effectively in the rough hill country where the Tribes first settled (Joshua 17:16 )
Chronicles, Theology of - Beginning with creation (Adam), the focus quickly narrows temporally, geographically, and nationally to the Tribes of Israel (chaps
Tabernacle - The Tribes camped and marched around it in the order of a hollow square
Jesus, Life And Ministry of - He predicted that twelve uneducated Galileans would one day “sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes of Israel” (Matthew 19:28 ; compare Luke 22:28-29 )
Luke, the Gospel According to - Light to lighten the Gentiles"; Luke 4:25, Christ's reference to Elijah's mission to the Gentile widow of Sarepta; Luke 9:52; Luke 10:30, the good Samaritan; Luke 17:18, the only grateful one of the ten cleansed lepers, a Samaritan; the mission of the seventy, a number typical of the nations, as the twelve represent the twelve Tribes of Israel
Numbers, Book of - ]'>[3] , Korah with 250 princes, who were representatives of all the secular Tribes, rebelled against the claim for the special sanctity of the tribe of Levi
Disciples - ...
The Twelve As the messianic Proclaimer of the reign of God, Jesus gathered about Himself a special circle of twelve disciples, clearly a symbolic representation of the twelve Tribes (Matthew 19:28 )
Ezekiel - Without great physical changes (and the boundaries are given the same as under Moses) no adequate room is left for the five Tribes whose inheritance is beyond the holy portion (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:23-38)
Chronology - But it is only the languages with a literature that change slowly; a few years suffice to change completely a language without a literature, wild Tribes in a single generation cannot comprehend one another
Wages - Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh ; H
Kings, First And Second, Theology of - He discerns his work in the context of Israel's salvation history, presented as a continuing history of the confederate Tribes, who realized their covenant relationship with Yahweh
Genesis, Theology of - Out of this situation comes the twelve sons who become twelve Tribes (29:15-30:23)
Star (2) - In Revelation 12:1 the ‘crown of twelve stars’ may be intended to symbolize the twelve Tribes (or the twelve Apostles ‘regarded as the crowning ornament of the Jewish Church’)
Sepulchre - ...
(5) Revelation 11:9, ‘And from among the peoples and Tribes and tongues and nations do men look upon their dead bodies three days and a half, and suffer not their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb’ (εἰς μνῆμα)
Abraham - Progenitor of the Hebrew, Arabs, Edomites, and kindred Tribes; the ninth in descent from Shem, through Heber
Constantinus i - ) Constantine had at once to defend Gaul against the Franks and German Tribes, who had risen during the absence of Constantius in Britain (Eumen
Septuagint - For this purpose, it is reported, that he sent Aristeas and Andreas, two distinguished officers of his court, to Jerusalem, on an embassy to Eleazar, then high priest of the Jews, to request of the latter a copy of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that there might also be sent to him seventy-two persons, six chosen out of each of the twelve Tribes, who were equally well skilled in the Hebrew and Greek languages
Elijah - " When midday was past, Elijah repaired the altar of the Lord; and with twelve stones, in allusion to the twelve Tribes of Israel, he built a new altar
Jordanis, Historian of the Goths - After Geberich came Hermanaric conqueror of the Heneti and many other Tribes
Nation (2) - The symbol of this rejuvenated Judaism was still the Temple, whither the Tribes went up at the national festivals; but its rallying-point was the synagogue, where men were instructed in the Law and Hope of Israel, and where the Pharisees ruled supreme
Chrysostom, John, Bishop of Constantinople - He ordained native readers, deacons, and presbyters, and dispatched missionaries to the Gothic Tribes who still remained on the banks of the Danube, and consecrated a bishop from among themselves named Unilas (Theod. Having learnt that the nomad Scythian Tribes on the banks of the Danube were desirous of being instructed in the faith, he at once dispatched missionaries to them, and corresponded with Leontius, bp
Jerusalem - After the death of Solomon, ten of the twelve Tribes revolted from his successor Rehoboam, and, under Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, established a separate kingdom: so that Jerusalem, no longer the capital of the whole empire, and its temple frequented only by the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, must have experienced a mournful declension
Covenant - Abner led the Tribes of northern Israel to cut a covenant with David, making David king over the north as well as over southern Judah (2 Samuel 3:1 ; Compare 2 Samuel 5:3 ; 1 Chronicles 11:3 )
Servant of the Lord - The Hebrew is extremely awkward and questionable, but literally translated Isaiah 49:6 runs: ‘(a) lighter (thing) than thy being my servant is the raising up of the Tribes of Jacob and the restoring of the preserved of Israel, and I will give thee for a light of the nations,’ etc
Ships And Boats - Exceptions more or less to the rule in relatively ancient times were the Tribes of Asher on the north, and Dan, before its emigration, on the south
James, Epistle of - This tone, however, is in harmony with the traditional character of James (see Galatians 2:16 ), and with the address ‘to the twelve Tribes which are of the Dispersion’ ( James 1:1 ), taken in its literal sense
Testimony - The Transjordan Tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh built a replica of the Lord's altar near the Jordan, not for burnt offerings and sacrifices, but as testimony to Israel that they would remain faithful to God's law given to Moses and that they had a continuing legal right to worship at the Lord's tabernacle even though living outside of the promised land (Joshua 22:27-28 )
Old Testament in the New Testament, the - Revelation uses the Egyptian plagues typologically (8:7-12), and applies the numbering of the exodus Tribes to the church (7:4-8)
Galilee - -At the partition of west Palestine among the twelve Tribes, Galilee fell to the lot of Issachar, Zebulun, Asher, and Naphtali, who did not drive out the original inhabitants
Nabal - As a matter of fact, David had interposed again and again, and been a wall, as Nabal's shepherds themselves said, round them and their sheep against the sheep-stealing Tribes
Canaanites - 1445, the sabbatical year beginning from the autumnal equinox; when he made a division of the land among the Tribes of Israel, and rested from his conquests
Apostle - They were limited to the number twelve, in allusion to the twelve Tribes of Israel
Kingdom of God - To build the old people of God, God chose twelve Tribes; to build the new people of God, he chose twelve apostles
Plan - He chose twelve disciples, with obvious reference to the number of the Tribes (cf
Mahometanism - As persecution generally advances rather than obstructs the spreading of a religion, Islamism made so great a progress among the Arab Tribes, that the Koreish, to suppress it effectually if possible, in the seventh year of Mahomet's mission, made a solemn league or covenant against the Hashemites, and the family of Abd'slmotalleb, engaging themselves to contract no marriages with any of them, and to have no communication with them; and to give it the greater sanction, reduced it into writing, and laid it up in the Caaba. The Koreish, fearing the consequence of this new alliance, began to think it absolutely necessary to prevent Mahomet's escape to Medina; and having held a council thereon, after several milder expedients had been rejected, they came to a resolution that he should be killed; and agreed that a man should be chosen out of every tribe for the execution of this design; and that each man should have a blow at him with his sword, that the guilt of his blood might fall equally on all the Tribes, to whose united power the Hashemites were much inferior, and therefore durst not attempt to revenge their kinsman's death
Economic Life - Private ownership of land and private enterprise were the rule during the early history of the Tribes of Israel
Rome, Romans - The resolutions of this body, which met by Tribes, were later on to become the most powerful force in the State, having at a comparatively early period been declared to have the force of laws (b
Exodus, the Book of - Inscriptions both in Egypt and in the peninsula, as early as Snefru of the third dynasty and of the three following dynasties, and of Hatasu, widow of Thothmes II (drowned in the Red Sea), describe victories over the Mentu, the mountaineers of the peninsula, and other native Tribes
Saul - Saul all his days was never so near the kingdom of heaven as when he said to Samuel, 'Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the Tribes of Israel, and my family the least of all the families of Benjamin? Wherefore, then, speakest thou so to me?' That is the language of a man whose heart is really touched for the time with divine grace
Saul - " "Little then in his own sight" (1 Samuel 15:17), and calling himself "of the smallest of the Tribes, and his family least of all the families of Benjamin" (1 Samuel 9:21), Saul was very different from what he afterward became in prosperity; elevation tests men (Psalms 73:18)
Jesuits - In order to render any communication between them as difficult as possible, they industriously avoided giving the Indians any knowledge of the Spanish or of any other European language; but encouraged the different Tribes which they had civilized to acquire a certain dialect of the Indian tongue, and laboured to make that the universal language throughout their dominions
Agriculture - A pastoral age, it is true, preceded the agricultural, and the patriarchs are represented, for the most part, as herdsmen rather than cultivators (Genesis 37:12; Genesis 47:3); and even as late as the beginning of the settlement in Canaan, the trans-Jordanic Tribes are said to have had a great multitude of cattle (Numbers 32:1)
Nehemiah - James, the brother of the Lord, was always insisting on work in all the twelve Tribes scattered abroad
Edom - He was told, that at the distance of two days' journey and a half from Hebron, he would find considerable ruins of the ancient city of Abde, and that for all the rest of the journey he would see no place of habitation; he would meet only with a few Tribes of wandering Arabs
Temple - With the capture of Jerusalem by David, and the transference thither of the ark, a new political and religious centre was provided for the Tribes of Israel
Trade And Commerce - Genesis 37:25 ; Genesis 37:28 ), to be compared with the Tribes whom we find at the commencement of Islam engaged in joint enterprises of a similar kind
Matthew, the Gospel According to - Paul in writing to the Hebrew, Peter to the Jews of the dispersion, and James to the twelve Tribes, write in Greek not Hebrew
Canaan - ), comprising six chief Tribes, the Hittites, Hivites, Amorites, Jebusites, Perizzites, and Girgashites; to which the Canaanites (in the narrow sense) being added make up the mystic number seven
War, Holy War - The prophet Shemaiah would not allow Rehoboam to put down the rebellion of the northern Tribes by force of arms (1 Kings 12:22-23 )
Kingdom of God - " This "new" thing, which cannot be mixed with the old (Mark 2:21-22 ), which gathers the outcasts (Matthew 11:4-6 ) and the lost Tribes of Israel (Mark 3:13-19 ; Matthew 19:28 ), which manifests signs and marvels (Matthew 13:16-17 ), which inaugurates a new covenant (1 Corinthians 11:25 ), is nothing other than the arrival of the kingdom of God
Jerusalem - The politically neutral city, belonging to neither the northern nor southern Tribes, also became his personal property
Letters - All the savage Tribes of America had their picture writings, and this style was carried to great perfection by the Mexicans
Universalism (2) - 92; Modern Hinduism, sucking up hill-tribes into its fellowship?)
Canon of the Old Testament - The fate of the ten Tribes had vindicated the prophetic warnings
James Epistle of - The salutation, ‘James … to the twelve Tribes … giveth joy’ (James 1:1), supplies the key-word for the apparently abrupt opening: ‘And joy unmixed count it, brethren, when …’ (James 1:2)
Sibylline Oracles - , which describes the fortunes of the twelve Tribes:...
‘To them alone a hundred told the field...
Bears harvest, and God’s measures ample yield
Leprosy - In addition there were 3 Bedawîn from scattered Tribes, one gipsy, one case from Mosul, and two from Greece
David - A second rebellion, of a much less serious character, was that of Sheba, who sought to draw the northern Tribes from their allegiance; it was, however, easily quelled by Joab (ch
Jesuits - They applied themselves to instruct and civilize these savage Tribes
Egypt - It led to the capture of Samaria and the captivity of the ten Tribes
Revelation, the Book of - The number 144,000 is an intensification (12 12 10 10 10) of the original number twelve (itself an obvious allusion to the twelve Tribes, the Old Testament people of God), which indicates that the 144,000 comprise the full number of God's people, God's people now being all (Jew or Gentile) who are followers of Jesus
Vespasian - Augusta, he crossed to Britain in the expedition of 43, and conquered two powerful Tribes, twenty towns, and the Isle of Wight
Food - Indeed, it is usual to find in the words of Deuteronomy 33:19 , ‘they shall suck the abundance of the seas,’ a contemporary reference to the fisheries possessed by the Tribes of Zebulun and Issachar
Jerusalem - Their fervid poetry abounds with allusions to its height, to the ascent thither of the Tribes from all parts of the country
Peter - His true boast, "behold we have forsaken all and followed Thee," called forth Jesus' promise, "in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel," and Jesus' warning, illustrated by the parable of the labourers in reproof of the hireling spirit, "the last shall be first and the first last
Religious Experience - Every baby is born blind and dumb and without the power to will, and there may be some Tribes with poor eyes and slow tongues and no theology; but in normal humanity there is a latent capacity for sight and speech and volition, and at least a hope that the soul has relations with the supernatural
Hell - The trial of souls is threefold-once before Abel, at a later time by the twelve Tribes of Israel, and finally by the Lord Himself
Inspiration - Even where Tribes are too uncivilized to possess sacred writings, there exists a belief that God makes known His mind through dreams, oracles, or inspired individuals; and the presence and influence of God is frequently spoken of as an afflatus, the blowing of a breath or wind upon the inspired person
Joshua - And if she lived to see him at the head of the Tribes of Israel, and leading them on from victory to victory, she would feel herself to have been far more than overpaid for all the watchfulness, and all the care, and all the nights of prayer she had laid out on her noble boy
Hell - The trial of souls is threefold-once before Abel, at a later time by the twelve Tribes of Israel, and finally by the Lord Himself
Elisha - Hengstenberg regards the twelve as marking him the prophet of the whole covenant nation, not merely of the ten Tribes
Biblical Theology - From Jacob's, or Israel's (35:10) sons come heads of Israel's twelve Tribes
Noah - The flood rose by degrees, not displacing the soil, nor its vegetable Tribes as the olive, nor rendering the ground unfit for cultivating the vine
God - ...
( b ) El , common to Semitic Tribes, a name of doubtful meaning, but usually interpreted as ‘the Strong One’ or as ‘the Ruler
Sexuality, Human - In Numbers 36:7,9 , land transactions between Tribes are proscribed; every Israelite is to "stick to" (NIV "keep") the land his family inherits
Slave, Slavery - There was, moreover, a regular slave-trade carried on in the East, the markets being abundantly supplied from the barbarous Tribes of Western Asia
Matthew, Gospel According to - Then the twelve Apostles should sit on twelve thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28)
Son of God - Here and there, indeed, there may be Messianic associations involved, as when Jesus promises to the Twelve that, in the day of the full manifestation of the Kingdom, they shall sit on thrones judging the twelve Tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28), or when He predicts that on the judgment-day He will appear in the glory of His Father and of the holy angels (Mark 8:38); but, as a rule, one might read the greater number of these sayings without being reminded that they proceeded from the lips of one claiming to be the Messiah
Hellenism - -The Greek Tribes, hitherto separated by rivalry and difference of dialect and customs, became mixed
Hermas Shepherd of - These are the Tribes of the world, varying in understanding and conduct
Day of Judgment - In Luke 22:30 the Apostles are also regarded as judges in the case of the twelve Tribes of Israel
Psalms - ) To the time of the carrying away of Israel's ten Tribes belong Psalm 77; Psalm 80; Psalm 81
Palesti'na - The word is now so commonly employed in our more familiar language to destinate the whole country of Israel that although biblically a misnomer, it has been chosen here as the most convenient heading under which to give a general description of THE HOLY LAND, embracing those points which have not been treated under the separate headings of cities or Tribes
Elijah - Repairing Jehovah's ruined altar (the former sanctity of which was seemingly the reason for his choice of Carmel) with 12 stones to represent the Tribes of all Israel, and calling upon the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to let it be known that He is the Lord God, he brought down by prayer fire from heaven consuming the sacrifice, wood, stones, and dust, and licking up the water in the trench
Trial-at-Law - Among the heathen Arabs the most honoured Tribes were such as could boast, ‘Never is blood of us poured forth without vengeance’ (Hamâsa, ed. The sensitive Tribesman would not hesitate to shed blood ‘but for the shoe’s latchet’ of his friend (C
Moravians - "Serepta, near Czarizin, on the Wolga, in Russian Asia, was built chiefly with a view to bring the Gospel to the Calmuck Tartars, and other Heathen Tribes in those vast regions, among whom an opening might be found
English Versions - The literary language of the educated minority was Latin; and the instruction of the newly converted English Tribes was carried on by oral teaching and preaching
Messiah - The ten Tribes of Israel return with their brethren to live in the New Jerusalem which had come down from heaven
Apocrypha - Then in addition to the saved remnant of the Jews already referred to, the lost ten Tribes will be brought back from their exile beyond the Euphrates, whither they had gone by a miraculous passage through the river, and whence they will return by a similar miraculous staying of ‘the springs of the river’ again
Poet - The twelve Apostles are seen seated on twelve thrones, judging the twelve Tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28), and for them and for all believers there are ‘many mansions’ in the Father’s house (John 14:2)
Jesus Christ - Before that period, the other Tribes were extinct or dispersed among the nations
Egypt - They received stipends in kind from the temples to which they were attached, and in each temple were divided into four phylæ or Tribes, which served in succession for a lunar month at a time
Odes of Solomon - Thousands of Greek words were introduced into Aramaic, which had come to be the vernacular of all the Semitic Tribes, inclusive of the remnants of the once prosperous people of Jahweh
Christ in Mohammedan Literature - He said: ‘After my death trays full of light will come, and by the blessing of that light you will know the languages of all Tribes