1 to consecrate, sanctify, prepare, dedicate, be hallowed, be holy, be sanctified, be separate. 1a (Qal). 1a1 to be set apart, be consecrated. 1a2 to be hallowed. 1a3 consecrated, tabooed. 1b (Niphal). 1b1 to show oneself sacred or majestic. 1b2 to be honoured, be treated as sacred. 1b3 to be holy. 1c (Piel). 1c1 to set apart as sacred, consecrate, dedicate. 1c2 to observe as holy, keep sacred. 1c3 to honour as sacred, hallow. 1c4 to consecrate. 1d (Pual). 1d1 to be consecrated. 1d2 consecrated, dedicated. 1e (Hiphil). 1e1 to set apart, devote, consecrate. 1e2 to regard or treat as sacred or hallow. 1e3 to consecrate. 1f (Hithpael). 1f1 to keep oneself apart or separate. 1f2 to cause Himself to be hallowed (of God). 1f3 to be observed as holy. 1f4 to consecrate oneself.
A house or dwelling-place (Job 5:24 ; 18:6 , etc.).
A portable shrine (Compare Acts 19:24 ) containing the image of Moloch (Amos 5:26 ; marg. and RSV, "Siccuth").
The human body (2 Corinthians 5:1,4 ); a tent, as opposed to a permanent dwelling.
The sacred tent (Heb. mishkan, "the dwelling-place"); the movable tent-temple which Moses erected for the service of God, according to the "pattern" which God himself showed to him on the mount (Exodus 25:9 ; Hebrews 8:5 ). It is called "the tabernacle of the congregation," rather "of meeting", i.e., where God promised to meet with Israel (Exodus 29:42 ); the "tabernacle of the testimony" (Exodus 38:21 ; Numbers 1:50 ), which does not, however, designate the whole structure, but only the enclosure which contained the "ark of the testimony" (Exodus 25:16,22 ; Numbers 9:15 ); the "tabernacle of witness" (Numbers 17:8 ); the "house of the Lord" (Deuteronomy 23:18 ); the "temple of the Lord" (Joshua 6:24 ); a "sanctuary" (Exodus 25:8 ). A particular account of the materials which the people provided for the erection and of the building itself is recorded in Exodus 2540-40 . The execution of the plan mysteriously given to Moses was intrusted to Bezaleel and Aholiab, who were specially endowed with wisdom and artistic skill, probably gained in Egypt, for this purpose (Exodus 35:30-35 ). The people provided materials for the tabernacle so abundantly that Moses was under the necessity of restraining them (36:6). These stores, from which they so liberally contributed for this purpose, must have consisted in a great part of the gifts which the Egyptians so readily bestowed on them on the eve of the (Exodus 12:35,36 ).
The tabernacle was a rectangular enclosure, in length about 45 feet (i.e., reckoning a cubit at 18 inches) and in breadth and height about 15. Its two sides and its western end were made of boards of acacia wood, placed on end, resting in sockets of brass, the eastern end being left open (Exodus 26:22 ). This framework was covered with four coverings, the first of linen, in which figures of the symbolic cherubim were wrought with needlework in blue and purple and scarlet threads, and probably also with threads of gold (Exodus 26:1-6 ; 36:8-13 ). Above this was a second covering of twelve curtains of black goats'-hair cloth, reaching down on the outside almost to the ground (Exodus 26:7-11 ). The third covering was of rams' skins dyed red, and the fourth was of badgers' skins (Heb. tahash, i.e., the dugong, a species of seal), Exodus 25:5 ; 26:14 ; 35:7,23 ; 36:19 ; 39:34 .
Internally it was divided by a veil into two chambers, the exterior of which was called the holy place, also "the sanctuary" (Hebrews 9:2 ) and the "first tabernacle" (6); and the interior, the holy of holies, "the holy place," "the Holiest," the "second tabernacle" (Exodus 28:29 ; Hebrews 9:3,7 ). The veil separating these two chambers was a double curtain of the finest workmanship, which was never passed except by the high priest once a year, on the great Day of Atonement. The holy place was separated from the outer court which enclosed the tabernacle by a curtain, which hung over the six pillars which stood at the east end of the tabernacle, and by which it was entered.
The order as well as the typical character of the services of the tabernacle are recorded in Hebrews 9 ; 10:19-22 .
The holy of holies, a cube of 10 cubits, contained the "ark of the testimony", i.e., the oblong chest containing the two tables of stone, the pot of manna, and Aaron's rod that budded.
The holy place was the western and larger chamber of the tabernacle. Here were placed the table for the shewbread, the golden candlestick, and the golden altar of incense.
Round about the tabernacle was a court, enclosed by curtains hung upon sixty pillars (Exodus 27:9-18 ). This court was 150 feet long and 75 feet broad. Within it were placed the altar of burnt offering, which measured 7 1/2 feet in length and breadth and 4 1/2 feet high, with horns at the four corners, and the laver of brass (Exodus 30:18 ), which stood between the altar and the tabernacle.
The whole tabernacle was completed in seven months. On the first day of the first month of the second year after the Exodus, it was formally set up, and the cloud of the divine presence descended on it (Exodus 39:22-43 ; 40:1-38 ). It cost 29 talents 730 shekels of gold, 100 talents 1,775 shekels of silver, 70 talents 2,400 shekels of brass (Exodus 38:24-31 ).
The tabernacle was so constructed that it could easily be taken down and conveyed from place to place during the wanderings in the wilderness. The first encampment of the Israelites after crossing the Jordan was at Gilgal, and there the tabernacle remained for seven years (Joshua 4:19 ). It was afterwards removed to Shiloh (Joshua 18:1 ), where it remained during the time of the Judges, till the days of Eli, when the ark, having been carried out into the camp when the Israelites were at war with the Philistines, was taken by the enemy (1 Samuel 4 ), and was never afterwards restored to its place in the tabernacle. The old tabernacle erected by Moses in the wilderness was transferred to Nob (1 Samuel 21:1 ), and after the destruction of that city by Saul (22:9; 1 Chronicles 16:39,40 ), to Gibeon. It is mentioned for the last time in 1 Chronicles 21:29 . A new tabernacle was erected by David at Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:17 ; 1 Chronicles 16:1 ), and the ark was brought from Perez-uzzah and deposited in it (2 Samuel 6:8-17 ; 2 Chronicles 1:4 ).
The word thus rendered ('ohel) in Exodus 33:7 denotes simply a tent, probably Moses' own tent, for the tabernacle was not yet erected.
The tabernacle was the tent of Jehovah, called by the same name as the tents of the people in the midst of which it stood. It was also called the sanctuary and the tabernacle of the congregation. The first ordinance given to Moses, after the proclamation of the outline of the law from Sinai, related to the ordering of the tabernacle, its furniture and its service as the type which was to be followed when the people came to their own home and "found a place" for the abode of God. During the forty days of Moses' first retirement with God in Sinai, an exact pattern of the whole was shown him, and all was made according to it. (Exodus 25:9,40 ; 26:30 ; 39:32,42,43 ; Numbers 8:4 ; Acts 7:44 ; Hebrews 8:5 ) The description of this plan is preceded by an account of the freewill offerings which the children of Israel were to be asked to make for its execution. I. THE TABERNACLE ITSELF.--
Its name . --It was first called a tent or dwelling , ( Exodus 25:8 ) because Jehovah as it were, abode there. It was often called tent or tabernacle from its external appearance.
Its materials . --The materials were-- (a) Metals: gold, silver and brass. (b) Textile fabrics: blue, purple, scarlet and fine (white) linen, for the production of which Egypt was celebrated; also a fabric of goat's hair, the produce of their own flocks. (c) Skins: of the ram, dyed red, and of the badger. (d) Wood the shittim wood, the timber of the wild acacia of the desert itself, the tree of the "burning bush." (e) Oil, spices and incense for anointing the priests and burning in the tabernacle. (f) Gems: onyx stones and the precious stones for the breastplate of the high priest. The people gave jewels, and plates of gold and silver and brass; wood, skins, hair and linen; the women wove; the rulers offered precious stones, oil, spices and incense; and the artists soon had more than they needed. ( Exodus 25:1-8 ; 35:4-29 ; 36:5-7 ) The superintendence of the work was intrusted to Bezaleel, of the tribe of Judah, and to Aholiab, of the tribe of Dan, who were skilled in "all manner of workmanship." (Exodus 31:2,6 ; 35:30,34 )
Its structure. --The tabernacle was to comprise three main parts, --the tabernacle more strictly so called, its tent and its covering. ( Exodus 35:11 ; 39:33,34 ; 40:19,34 ; Numbers 3:25 ) etc. These parts are very clearly distinguished in the Hebrew, but they are confounded in many places of the English version. The tabernacle itself was to consist of curtains of fine linen woven with colored figures of cherubim, and a structure of boards which was to contain the holy place and the most holy place; the tent was to be a true tent of goat's hair cloth, to contain and shelter the tabernacle; the covering was to be of red ram-skins and seal-skins, (Exodus 25:5 ) and was spread over the goat's hair tent as an additional protection against the weather. It was an oblong rectangular structure, 30 cubits in length by 10 in width (45 feet by 15), and 10 in height; the interior being divided into two chambers, the first or outer, of 20 cubits in length, the inner, of 10 cubits, and consequently and exact cube. The former was the holy place , or first tabernacle , ( Hebrews 9:2 ) containing the golden candlestick on one side, the table of shew-bread opposite, and between them in the centre the altar of incense. The latter was the most holy place , or the holy of holies , containing the ark, surmounted by the cherubim, with the two tables inside. The two sides and the farther or west end were enclosed by boards of shittim wood overlaid with gold, twenty on the north and twenty on the south side, six on the west side, and the corner-boards doubled. They stood upright, edge to edge, their lower ends being made with tenons, which dropped into sockets of silver, and the corner-boards being coupled at the tope with rings. They were furnished with golden rings, through which passed bars of shittim wood, overlaid with gold, five to each side, and the middle bar passing from end to end, so as to brace the whole together. Four successive coverings of curtains looped together were placed over the open top and fell down over the sides. The first or inmost was a splendid fabric of linen, embroidered with figures of cherubim in blue, purple and scarlet, and looped together by golden fastenings. It seems probable that the ends of this set of curtains hung down within the tabernacle, forming a sumptuous tapestry. The second was a covering of goats' hair; the third, of ram-skins dyed red and the outermost, of badger-skins (so called in our version; but the Hebrew word probably signifies seal-skins). It has been commonly supposed that these coverings were thrown over the wall, as a pall is thrown over a coffin; but this would have allowed every drop of rain that fell on the tabernacle to fall through; for, however tightly the curtains might be stretched, the water could never run over the edge, and the sheep-skins would only make the matter worse as when wetted their weight would depress the centre and probably tear any curtain that could be made. There can be no reasonable doubt that the tent had a ridge, as all tents have had from the days of Moses down to the present time. The front of the sanctuary was closed by a hanging of fine linen, embroidered in blue, purple and scarlet, and supported by golden hooks on five pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold and standing in brass sockets; and the covering of goat's hair was so made as to fall down over this when required. A more sumptuous curtain of the same kind, embroidered with cherubim hung on four such pillars, with silver sockets, divided the holy from the most holy place. It was called the veil, (Sometimes the second veil, either is reference to the first, at the entrance of the holy place, or as below the vail of the second sanctuary;) ( Hebrews 9:3 ) as it hid from the eyes of all but the high priest the inmost sanctuary, where Jehovah dwells on his mercy-seat, between the cherubim above the ark. Hence "to enter within the veil" is to have the closest access to God. It was only passed by the high priest once a year, on the Day of Atonement in token of the mediation of Christ, who with his own blood hath entered for us within the veil which separates God's own abode from earth. (Hebrews 6:19 ) In the temple, the solemn barrier was at length profaned by a Roman conqueror, to warn the Jews that the privileges they had forfeited were "ready to vanish away;" and the veil was at last rent by the hand of God himself, at the same moment that the body of Christ was rent upon the cross, to indicate that the entrance into the holiest of all is now laid open to all believers by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh." (Hebrews 10:19,20 ) The holy place was only entered by the priests daily, to offer incense at the time of morning and evening prayer, and to renew the lights on the golden candlesticks; and on the sabbath, to remove the old shew-bread, and to place the new upon the table. II. THE SACRED FURNITURE AND INSTRUMENTS OF THE TABERNACLE. --These are described in separate articles, and therefore it is only necessary to give a list of them here.
In the outer court. The altar of burnt offering and the brazen laver . 
In the holy place. The furniture of the court was connected with sacrifice; that of the sanctuary itself with the deeper mysteries of mediation and access to God. The first sanctuary contained three objects: the altar of incense in the centre, so as to be directly in front of the ark of the covenant ( 1 Kings 6:22 ) the table of shew-bread on its right or north side, and the golden candlestick on the left or south side. These objects were all considered as being placed before the presence of Jehovah, who dwelt in the holiest of all, though with the veil between. 
In the holy of holies, within the veil, and shrouded in darkness, there was but one object, the ark of the covenant, containing the two tables of stone, inscribed with the Ten Commandments.  III. THE COURT OF THE TABERNACLE, in which the tabernacle itself stood, was an oblong space, 100 cubits by 50 (i.e. 150 feet by 75), having its longer axis east and west, with its front to the east. It was surrounded by canvas screens--in the East called kannauts -- 5 cubits in height, and supported by pillars of brass 5 cubits apart, to which the curtains were attached by hooks and filets of silver. ( Exodus 27:9 ) etc. This enclosure was broken only on the east side by the entrance, which was 20 cubits wide, and closed by curtains of fine twined linen wrought with needlework and of the most gorgeous colors. In the outer or east half of the court was placed the altar of burnt offering, and between it and the tabernacle itself; the laver at which the priests washed their hands and feet on entering the temple. The tabernacle itself was placed toward the west end of this enclosure. IV. HISTORY. --"The tabernacle, as the place in which Jehovah dwelt, was pitched in the centre of the camp, (Numbers 2:2 ) as the tent of a leader always is in the East; for Jehovah was the Captain of Israel. (Joshua 5:14,15 ) During the marches of Israel, the tabernacle was still in the centre. (Numbers 2:1 ) ... The tribes camped and marched around it in the order of a hollow square. In certain great emergencies led the march. (Joshua 3:11-16 ) Upon the tabernacle, abode always the cloud, dark by day and fiery red by night, (Exodus 10:38 ) giving the signal for the march, (Exodus 40:36,37 ; Numbers 9:17 ) and the halt. (Numbers 9:15-23 ) It was always the special meeting-place of Jehovah and his people. (Numbers 11:24,25 ; 12:4 ; 14:10 ; 16:19,42 ; 20:6 ; 27:2 ; 31:14) "During the conquest of Canaan the tabernacle at first moved from place to place, (Joshua 4:19 ; 8:30-35 ; 9:6 ; 10:15 ) was finally located at Shiloh. (Joshua 9:27 ; 18:1 ) Here it remained during the time of the judges, till it was captured by the Philistines, who carried off the sacred ark of the covenant. (1 Samuel 4:22 ) From this time forward the glory of the tabernacle was gone. When the ark was recovered, it was removed to Jerusalem, and placed in a new tabernacle (2 Samuel 6:17 ; 1 Chronicles 15:1 ) but the old structure still had its hold on the veneration of the community and the old altar still received their offerings. (1 Chronicles 16:39 ; 21:29 ) It was not till the temple was built, and a fitting house thus prepared for the Lord, that the ancient tabernacle was allowed to perish and be forgotten. V. SIGNIFICANCE. --(The great underlying principles of true religion are the same in all ages and for all men; because man's nature and needs are the same, and the same God ever rules over all. But different ages require different methods of teaching these truths, and can understand them in different degrees. As we are taught in the Epistle to the Hebrews, the tabernacle was part of a great system of teaching by object-lessons, and of training the world to understand and receive the great truths which were to be revealed in Jesus Christ and thus really to save the Jews from sin By Jesus dimly seen in the future, as we clearly see him in the past. (1) The tabernacle and its services enabled the Jews, who had no visible representation of God, to feel the reality of God and of religion. (2) The tabernacle as the most beautiful and costly object in the nation and ever in the centre of the camp, set forth the truth that religion was the central fact and the most important, in a persons life. (3) The pillar of cloud and of fire was the best possible symbol of the living God,--a cloud, bright, glowing like the sunset clouds, glorious, beautiful, mysterious, self-poised, heavenly; fire, immaterial, the source of life and light and comfort and cheer, but yet unapproachable, terrible, a consuming fire to the wicked. (4) The altar of burnt offering, standing before the tabernacle was a perpetual symbol of the atonement,--the greatness of sin, deserving death, hard to be removed and yet forgiveness possible, and offered freely, but only through blood. The offerings, as brought by the people were a type of consecration to God, of conversion and new life, through the atonement. (6) This altar stood outside of the tabernacle, and must be passed before we come to the tabernacle itself; a type of the true religious life. Before the tabernacle was also the laver, signifying the same thing that baptism does with us, the cleansing of the heart and life. (8) Having entered the holy place, we find the three great means and helps to true living, --the candlestick, the light of God's truth; the shew-bread, teaching that the soul must have its spiritual food and live in communion with God; and the altar of incense, the symbol of prayer. The holy of holies, beyond, taught that there was progress in the religious life, and that progress was toward God, and toward the perfect keeping of the law till it was as natural to obey the law as it is to breathe; and thus the holy of holies was the type of heaven. --ED.)
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Testimony, Tabernacle of
The tabernacle, the great glory of which was that it contained "the testimony", i.e., the "two tables" (Exodus 38:21 ). The ark in which these tables were deposited was called the "ark of the testimony" (40:3), and also simply the "testimony" (27:21; 30:6).
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Tabernacle
Various are the significations of this word in Scripture. Sometimes it is intended to mean the place of worship the Israelites had in the wilderness. At others, is meant no more than a common dwelling place. Thus, Eliphas adviseth Job to put away iniquity from his tabernacles. (Job 22:23) But in a much higher sense than every other, Christ's human nature is said to be the true tabernacle which "the Lord pitched, and not man." (Hebrews 8:2) And as this view of the word tabernacle throws aside the consideration of every other; so doth the contemplation of this furnish a subject of everlasting pleasure and delight.
The Holy Ghost by the apostle informs the church, that this tabernacle of the human nature of Christ was the dwelling place of JEHOVAH. "In him dwelleth all the fulness of the GODHEAD bodily." (Colossians 2:9) Not as the Holy Ghost dwelleth in the bodies of his people which are said to be his Temple, (1 Corinthians 6:19) but substantially, personally, permanently, and for ever. So the GODHEAD fills the human nature of Christ. For that nature being filled with the divine, receives the same effect as iron heated in the fire is made fiery, like the fire which is filled by it. So the GODHEAD dwells bodily in the manhood of Christ. What a blessed soul-refreshing view of the Lord Jesus as JEHOVAH'S Tabernacle, is this!
And what endears it yet more is, that the Holy Ghost immediately adds in the following Scripture, concerning the church's interest and completeness in him, "And ye are complete in him." (Colossians 2:10) Founded in his marvellous person, the church hath her Tabernacle in Christ Jesus, her resting place, her sure portion for grace here, and glory for ever.
Pause, I beseech you, reader, over the soul-transporting subject. Behold Jesus, (yea thy Jesus, if so be united to him by the Holy Ghost) in his mediatorial fulness as the Tabernacle of JEHOVAH. Here to this one glorious individual person, the Christ of God, JEHOVAH communicates his personality, his subsistence, or to use the words of Scripture: "in him dwelleth all the fulness of the GODHEAD bodily." And by virtue of Christ's human nature, to which his whole body, the church, is united; all, and every individual member, the weakest and humblest, as well as the strongest and the highest, have their completeness in the justifying righteousness of his person to bear them up, and bring them on before JEHOVAH, in grace here, and to bear them home, and bring them in before JEHOVAH in his three-fold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, in glory for evermore. Oh, the blessedness of that tabernacle, "which the Lord pitched, and not man!"
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Tabernacle
Tabernacle is the name given in the English Bible, since the time of Wyclif, to the moving sanctuary which, according to the OT priestly writers, was prepared by Moses as the place of worship of the Israelites during their wanderings in the wilderness. This tabernacle, which is described with elaborate detail in Exodus 25-31, and which supplies the writer of Hebrews with the premisses of his great argument, is now almost universally regarded as a post-Exilic product of the Hebrew religious imagination, working upon a foundation of historical fact. Suggested by the Divine promise to Israel, ‘My dwelling shall be with them’ (Ezekiel 37:27)-where ‘dwelling’ (מִשְׁכֶּן) gives the literal sense of the word usually rendered by ‘tabernacle’-it was an attempt to give ideal expression, by outward and visible symbols, to a people’s faith in the real presence of God. Realizing the double truth of the Divine nearness and mysterious unapproachableness, the priests in a manner materialized the conditions under which the right relation between God and His people could be renewed and maintained. Their sanctuary was evidently a development of the sketch of Ezekiel (40-48); but, whereas his ideal was a hope to be realized in the Messianic age, theirs was represented as a reminiscence of the Mosaic time. In some respects following, but in others widely diverging from, the arrangements of the first Temple, its ritual was in all essentials actualized in the second and third Temples. Various allusions to the tabernacle are found in the apostolic writings.
1. The writer of Hebrews delights, like Philo, in the typical and allegorical interpretation of the OT Scriptures, which seem to him pregnant with hidden spiritual meanings. His aim is to prove that the Christian has passed ‘ex umbris et imaginibus in veritatem.’ Never referring to the Temple, always to the tabernacle, he lingers over the description of ‘the vessels of the ministry’ (Hebrews 9:21), entering into details which would have been superfluous had he been writing merely to Jewish readers. While he recognizes the splendour of the old order, and reverently unfolds the significance of its ritual, he regards all the Levitical institutions as prophetic types which, having at length been fulfilled by Christ, may now be set aside without compunction or regret. His philosophical presupposition, or view of the world, is the Platonic and Philonic one, that heaven is the place of realities, while earth is the place of shadows; and his central doctrine is that Christ, having, as a ‘minister of the true tabernacle (ἡ σκηνὴ ἡ ἀληθινή), which the Lord pitched, not man’ (Hebrews 8:2), entered within the veil, has won for every Christian the right of personal access to God. Holding, like the most enlightened Israelites before him, that the Mosaic ordinances were no more than Divinely appointed ceremonial forms, and asserting the spiritual ineffectiveness of the whole ritual, even of the supreme sacrifice of the Day of Atonement, he declares ‘the first tabernacle’ (Hebrews 9:6; Hebrews 9:8), though made in all things according to a heavenly pattern (τύπον, Hebrews 8:5), to be superseded by ‘a greater and more perfect tabernacle’ (Hebrews 9:11), and the Levitical priesthood by ‘a more excellent ministry’ (διαφορωτέρα λειτουργία, Hebrews 8:6).
2. The writer of the Fourth Gospel illustrates the Incarnation by saying that the Logos tabernacled (ἐσκήνωσεν) among us (John 1:14). As God once dwelt, in visible cloud and flame, among His people, so Christ has sojourned among men, who have beheld His glory, which in this instance is the spiritual glory of a perfect manhood.
3. The author of the Revelation depicts the final state of Messianic happiness in the words: ‘Behold, the tabernacle (σκηνή) of God is with men, and he shall dwell (σκηνώσει) with them’ (John 21:3). ‘So closely does Shekinah resemble σκηνή, that the former has even been thought of as a transliteration of the latter’ (C. Taylor, Sayings of the Jewish Fathers2, Cambridge, 1897, p. 44). That was no more than a linguistic fancy, Shekinah being really derived from the same verb as mishkan, ‘tabernacle.’ But the Messianic promise is partially fulfilled in an intenser realization of the Divine Immanence in the world, where ‘earth’s crammed with heaven, and every common bush afire with God’ (E. B. Browning, Aurora Leigh, bk. vii. line 844 f.), and a modern mystic declares that ‘there is but one Temple in the world, and that is the Body of Man. Nothing is holier than this high form. Bending before men is a reverence done to this Revelation in the Flesh. We touch Heaven, when we lay our hand on a human body’ (Novalis, Carlyle’s Critical and Miscellaneous Essays, London, 1872, ii. 216). Cf. St. Paul’s words, ‘ye are a temple (ναός, from ναίειν, ‘to dwell’) of God … the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are’ (1 Corinthians 3:16-17). But when a promise is to be fulfilled by Christ, the best is yet to be.
Literature.-W. Nowack, Lehrbuch der hebräischen Archäologie, Freiburg i. B., 1894; I. Benzinger, Hebräische Archäologie, do., 1894; R. L. Ottley, Aspects of the OT (BL  ), London, 1897, pp. 226ff., 261ff.; A. R. S. Kennedy, articles ‘Tabernacle’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) and Encyclopaedia Britannica 11.
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Tabernacle
Among the Hebrews, a kind of building, in the form of a tent, set up by the express command of God for the performance of religious worship, sacrifices, &c. Exodus 26:27 : Feast of Tabernacles, a solemn festival of the Hebrews, observed after harvest, on the 15th day of the month Tisri, instituted to commemorate the goodness of God, who protected the Israelites in the wilderness, and made them dwell in booths when they came out of Egypt.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Tabernacle
When Israel left Egypt to begin a new life as an independent nation, God gave detailed arrangements for its organized religious life. According to these arrangements, Israel’s place of worship was to be a tabernacle, or tent, set up in the centre of the camp. This tabernacle was the symbol of God’s presence, a sign that God dwelt among his people. He was part of them, the centre of their national life. It was known as the tent of meeting (Exodus 39:32), for it was the place where God met with his people. It was also called the tent of the testimony (Exodus 38:21), to remind the people that within it, in the ark, was the testimony of God, the law, which was to guide and control their lives.
The tabernacle was designed so that it could be easily put together, taken apart and transported. It was a prefabricated shrine that the people of Israel took with them on their journey to Canaan and set up at camps along the way. It consisted of a two-roomed timber structure inside a tent, which in turn was set in a large court surrounded by a fence. Within the rooms, and in the open court, were articles of sacred furniture.
(ta buhr na cle), TENT OF MEETING A sacred tent, a portable and provisional sanctuary, where God met His people (Exodus 33:7-10 ). A tent was the dwelling place of a nomadic person. When the sacred tent was meant, it was usually used with some distinguishing epithet. Two compound phrases (ohel moed and ohel haeduth are used in the Bible to designate this tent: “the tabernacle of the congregation” ( Exodus 29:42 ,Exodus 29:42,29:44 ), literally the “tent of meeting” (NRSV, NIV, NAS, REB) and “the tabernacle of witness” (Numbers 17:7 ) or “tent of witness.” In both cases it was the place where the God of Israel revealed Himself to and dwelled among His people. The basic Hebrew term (mishkan ) translated as “tabernacle” (Exodus 25:9 ) comes from a verb which means “to dwell.” In this sense it is correctly translated in some instances as “dwelling,” “dwelling place,” “habitation,” and “abode.”
The Old Testament mentions three tents or tabernacles. First, after the sin of the golden calf at Mount Sinai the “provisional” tabernacle was established outside the camp and called the “tent of meeting” (Exodus 33:7 ). Second, the “Sinaitic” tabernacle was built in accordance with directions given to Moses by God (Exodus 25-40 ). Unlike the tent of meeting, it stood at the center of the camp (Numbers 2:1 ). Third, the “Davidic” tabernacle was erected in Jerusalem for the reception of the ark (2 Samuel 6:17 ).
The original “tent of meeting” was a provisional edifice where God met with His people (Exodus 33:7-11 ; Exodus 34:34-35 ). Apparently, only Moses actually entered the tent to meet God. Joshua, Moses' “servant” (Exodus 33:11 ), protected and cared for the tent. After the golden calf was made,
God refused any longer to acknowledge Israel as His people and to dwell in their midst. Estrangement brought distance between God and the people because of their sin. Because of this situation and to symbolize it, Moses pitched this “tent of meeting” outside the camp (Exodus 33:7 ). Ultimately, God promised again to go into the midst of Israel (Exodus 34:9 ).
The exact nature of this tent is uncertain. It apparently formed the headquarters of the camp until the building of the “Sinaitic” tabernacle. Joshua guarded the tent in Moses' absence (Exodus 33:11 ). Since the earliest Greek translation, some would equate Moses' tent in Exodus 18:7 with the tent of meeting, but Scripture does not explicitly make this connection. The people could all go to the tent of meeting to seek the Lord ( Exodus 33:7 ) either in looking for God's answer to a judicial case, in petition, in worship, or for a prophetic word. Apparently, Moses acted as the prophet who took the people's questions to God and received an answer, since “to seek Yahweh” usually appears in prophetic contexts. Prophetic content appears with the tent also in Numbers 11:16-29 . Moses installed Joshua as his successor at the tent (Deuteronomy 31:14-15 ).
Moses called it the tent of meeting because it was the place of revelation. There God met His people when the pillar of cloud descended to the door of the tent (Exodus 33:9 ). It may have borne its appropriate name from the first, or perhaps Moses used the name from the instructions which he received regarding the permanent tabernacle (Exodus 27:21 ).
Apparently, the tent did not become a national sanctuary. It did not contain an ark or those items necessary for worship, nor did it possess a priesthood. This tent was cared for by Joshua (Exodus 33:11 ), while Aaron was responsible for the tabernacle (Leviticus 10:7 ). The cloud descended on this tent when Moses came to inquire of God, but the cloud stayed on the permanent tabernacle and the glory of the Lord filled it so Moses could not enter it (Exodus 40:34-35 ,Exodus 40:34-35,40:38 ).
The center of attention in the wilderness narratives is the tabernacle with rich decorations, curtains, bread of the presence, ark, lights, and altar. This is the portable sanctuary Israel carefully delegates to the priests and Levites for transportation (Numbers 3:1 ). The camp of Israel has this tabernacle as its center (Numbers 2:1 ). This, too, is the tent of meeting (Exodus 27:21 ), where holy God comes to sinful people. Here the sacrifices and atonement procedures of Leviticus were carried out (Book of Leviticus).
“There will I meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory. And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God” (Exodus 29:43 , Exodus 29:45 ).
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Veil of the Tabernacle And Temple,
Hebrew mishkan , 'ohel ; Greek skeenee . A miniature model of the earth, as Israel was a pattern to all nations. The earth shall at last be the tabernacle of God's glory, when He will tabernacle with men (Revelation 21:3). Μishkan is from shakan "to dwell," a poetical word, from from whence comes shekinah . As ohel represents the outward tent of black goats' hair curtains, so mishkan is the inner covering, the curtain immediately on the boards; the two are combined, "the tabernacle of the tent" (Exodus 39:32; Exodus 40:2; Exodus 40:6; Exodus 40:29). "House" (bet ) applies to the tabernacle when fixed in Canaan, Israel's inheritance; originally appearing in Beth-el; finally designating the church of the New Testament (1 Timothy 3:15.) Qodesh and miqdash , "sanctuary," are applied to
(1) the whole tabernacle (Exodus 25:8),
(2) the court of the priests (Numbers 4:12), and
(3) in the narrowest sense to the holy of holies (Leviticus 4:6).
The same tabernacle was in the wilderness and in Shiloh; the external surroundings alone were changed (Psalms 78:60; Joshua 18:1; 1 Samuel 3:15). The inner mishkan (Greek naos ) was the same, surrounded by an outer covered space into which "doors" led. Samuel slept, not in the inner mishkan , but in one of the outer chambers. The whole, including the outer chambers, was called heeykal (Greek hieron ), "palace." The predominating color was sky blue (Exodus 25:4; Exodus 26:4; Exodus 28:28; Exodus 28:31; Exodus 28:37); the curtain, loops, veil, high priest's lace of the breast-plate, ephod robe, mitre lace. The three colors employed, blue, scarlet, and purple, were the royal colors and so best suited to the tabernacle, the earthly palace of Jehovah. The three principal parts of the tabernacle were the mishkan , "the DWELLING PLACE"; the tent, 'ohel ; the covering, mikseh .
The materials for the mishkan were a great cloth of woven work figured with cherubim, measuring 40 cubits by 28, and a quadrangular enclosure of wood, open at one end, 10 cubits high, 10 wide, and 30 long. The size of the cloth appears from the number and dimensions of the ten breadths ("curtains") of which it consisted (Exodus 26:1-6; Exodus 26:26-28; Exodus 36:31-33). The VEIL was 10 cubits from the back, according to Philo and Josephus. (See VEIL.) THE TENT was the great cloth of goats' hair, 44 cubits by 30, and five pillars overlaid with gold, and furnished with golden hooks (waw ), used as to the veil and the tent curtains; taches, "qeres ," belong to the tabernacle cloth and the tent cloth of the sanctuary, Exodus 26:6; Exodus 26:33), from which hung the curtain that closed the entrance. The covering was of rams' and tachash (skins of marine animals, as seals; badger skins. (See BADGER) Fergusson ably shows that an ordinary tent sheltered the inner mishkan . The common arrangement makes
(1) the fabric unsightly in form and the beauty of its materials mainly concealed; also
(2) drapery could not be strained over a space of 15 feet without heavily sagging, and a flat roof could not keep out rain; also
(3) the pins and cords essential to a tent would hardly have place if the curtains were merely thrown over the woodwork and hung down on each side; also
(4) the name "tent" implies a structure in that shape, not flat roofed; also
(5) the five pillars in front of the mishkan would be out of symmetry with the four pillars of the veil, and the middle of the five pillars would stand needlessly and inconveniently in the way of the entrance.
The five are quite appropriate to the entrance to a tent; the middle one, the tallest, supporting one end of a ridge pole, 60 ft. long. The heads of the pillars were joined by connecting rods (KJV "fillets ") overlaid with gold (Exodus 36:38). There were five bars for each side of the structure, and five for the back, the middle bar alone of the five on each wall reached from end to end (Exodus 26:28), as here shown. The red rams' skins covering was over the goats' hair, and the tachash skins above this (Exodus 26:14). The tent cloth was laid over the tabernacle cloth so as to allow a cubit of tent cloth extending on each side in excess of the tabernacle cloth; it extended two cubits at the back and front (Exodus 26:13; Exodus 36:9; Exodus 36:13). The roof angle was probably a right angle; then every measurement is a multiple of five cubits, except the width of the tabernacle cloth, 21 cubits, and the length of the tent cloth, 44 cubits. Each side of the slope would be about 14 cubits, half the width of the tabernacle cloth. The slope extends five feet beyond the wooden walls, and five from the ground.
The tent cloth would hang down one cubit on each side. The tent area (judging from the tabernacle cloth) thus is 10 ft. by 21 ft.; the tent cloth overhanging at the back and front by two cubits, i.e. half a breadth. The wooden structure within the tent would have a space all around it of five cubits in width; here probably were eaten the sacrificial portions of meat not to be taken outside, here too were spaces for the priests, like the small apartments round three sides of the temple. The five pillars must have stood five cubits apart. Each chief measurement of the temple was just twice that of the tabernacle. The holiest place, a square of ten cubits in the tabernacle (according to inference), was 20 cubits in the temple; the holy place in each case was a corresponding double square. The porch, five cubits deep in the tabernacle, was ten cubits in the temple; the side spaces, taking account of the thickness of the temple walls, were five cubits and ten cubits wide respectively; the tabernacle ridge pole was 15 cubits high, that of the temple roof (the holy place) was 30 cubits (1 Kings 6:2).
In Ezekiel 41:1 'ohel is "the tent." Josephus (Ant. 3:6, section 4) confirms the view, making the tabernacle consist of three parts: the holiest, the holy place, the entrance with its five pillars, the front being "like a gable and a porch." Fergusson observes, "the description (Exodus 26 and Exodus 36) must have been written by one who had seen the tabernacle standing; no one would have worked it out in such detail without ocular demonstration of the way in which the parts would fit together." The brazen altar and the tabernacle were the two grand objects within the court. The tabernacle was Jehovah's "dwelling place" where He was to "meet" His people or their representatives (Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:42-43; Exodus 27:21; Exodus 28:12). "The tabernacle (tent) of the congregation" (rather "of meeting" without the article) is in the full designation "the tabernacle of the tent of meeting" (Exodus 40:2; Exodus 40:29), i.e. not of the people meeting one another, but of Jehovah meeting with Moses, the priest, or the "people": "'ohel moed " (Numbers 10:3). "The tabernacle (tent) of the testimony" (i.e. having within it the tables of the law) is another name (Acts 7:44; Revelation 15:5), Hebrew 'eduwth (Exodus 38:21, where it ought to be "the testimony".)
The ark contained it; and the lid of the ark, the mercyseat, was the place where Jehovah met or communed with Israel. As the Israelite theocracy was God's kingdom, so the tabernacle was His palace, where the people had audience of God and whence He issued His commands, embodied in the testimony within the ark. The altar of burnt offering outside marks that only through shedding of blood can sinful man be admitted within His courts; and the mercy-seat within the veil, sprinkled with blood of the victim slain outside, typifies Christ, our propitiation or propitiatory within the heavenly holy of holies (Romans 3:25), who is the sinner's only meeting place with God. Once admitted within the courts by the propitiation of Christ, we as king priests can offer incense of prayer and praise, as the priests burnt incense with holy fire on the altar of incense within (Psalms 141:2; Malachi 1:11). The separation of the church from the world is marked by the exclusion of any but priests from the holy place, and of the people from the congregation while unclean; the need of holiness by the various purifications (compare Psalm 24).
The king-priestly functions belonging to Israel in relation to the world, but declined through slowness of faith (Exodus 19:6; Exodus 20:19; Deuteronomy 5:27-28), Jehovah keeps for them against Israel's restoration (Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 66:21). The tabernacle represents God dwelling in the midst of Israel, and Israel drawing nigh to God through atonement and with offerings, prayers, and praises. Christ's body is "the antitypical tabernacle which the Lord pitched, not man" (Hebrews 8:2). Through His glorified body as the tabernacle Christ passes into the heavenly holy of holies, God's immediate presence, where He intercedes for us. His manhood is the "tabernacle of meeting" between us and God, for we are members of His body (Ephesians 5:30). John 1:14, "the Word was made flesh and tabernacled among us." The "veil's" antitype is His rent flesh, or suffering humanity, through which He passed in entering the heavenly holiest for us (Hebrews 5:7; Hebrews 10:19-20).
His body is the temple (John 2:19). The tabernacle or temple is also a type of the church founded on Christ, the meeting place between God and man (Ephesians 2:18-22). As 10 (= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4) the number for completeness predominates in the tabernacle itself, so five the half of ten, and the number for imperfection, predominates in the courts; four appearing in the perfect cube of the holiest expressed worldwide extension and divine order. The shittim or acacia, wood implied incorruption and imperishableness of divine truth. As the court represents the Jewish dispensation, so the holy place the Christian and the holiest place the glorified church. The church having passed through the outer court, where atonement has been once for all made, ministers in the holy place, as consisting of king priests (1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10) without earthly mediator, with prayer, praise, and the light of good works; and has access in spirit already (Hebrews 10:19), and in body finally, into the heavenly holiest.
In another point of view the court is the body, the holy place the soul, the holiest the spirit. The tabernacle was fixed at Shiloh (Joshua 18:1). Then the ark was taken by the Philistines, and returned to Baale or Kirjath Jearim; then the tabernacle was at Nob and Gibeon until the temple was built (1 Samuel 4; 1 Samuel 6; 1 Samuel 21:1; 1 Chronicles 13:5; 1 Chronicles 16:39; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Samuel 6:17). The tabernacle was made in strict accordance with the pattern God revealed to Moses' mind; nothing was left to the taste and judgment of artificers (Exodus 25:9; Exodus 25:40). It answered to the archetype in heaven, of which the type was showed by God to Moses (mentally it is probable) in the mountain (Hebrews 8:5). Bezaleel of Judah and Aholiab of Dan were divinely qualified for the work (Exodus 31:3) by being "filled with the Spirit of God in wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and all workmanship." (See BEZALEEL; AHOLIAB.) The sin as to the golden calf delayed the execution of the design of the tabernacle.
Moses' own "tent" (not mishkam , "tabernacle") in this transition stage was pitched far off from the camp (to mark God's withdrawal from apostate Israel) as "the tent of meeting" provisionally, to which only Moses the mediator and his faithful minister Joshua were admitted (Exodus 33:3-11). Another outline law was given, another withdrawal of Moses to an interview alone with God followed. The people gave more than enough materials (Exodus 36:2; Exodus 36:5-6), and their services as workmen and workwomen (Exodus 35:25). The tabernacle was now erected on the first day of the second year from the Exodus, no longer "far off," but in the midst of the camp. Israel was grouped round the royal tabernacle of the unseen Captain of the host, in definite order, His bodyguards immediately around, the priests on the eastern side, the other three Levite families on the other three sides; Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, outside on the E.; Ephraim, Manasseh, Benjamin on the W.; Dan, Asher, Naphtali on the N.; Reuben, Simeon, Gad on the S.
The cloud, dark by day, fiery red by night, rested on the tabernacle so long as Israel was to stay in the same encampment; it moved when Israel must move (Exodus 40:36-38; Numbers 9:15-23). Jehovah's name, the I AM, distinguishing the personal Creator from the creature, excludes pantheism and idolatry, as conversely the seemingly sublime inscription on Isis' shrine at Sais, identifying the world and God, involves both: "I am all that has been, and is, and shall be, and my veil no mortal has withdrawn" (Clemens Alex. de Isaiah et Osir., 394). Moses' authorship of the Pentateuch is marked by the fact that all his directions concerning impurity through a dead body relate to a tent such as was in the wilderness, nothing is said of a house; but in the case of leprosy a house is referred to (Numbers 19:11; Numbers 19:14; Numbers 19:21; Leviticus 13:47-59).
As to the Levites' service (Numbers 3-4) of the tabernacle, exact details as to the parts each family should carry on march are given, such as none but an eye-witness would detail. The tabernacle with the camp of the Levites was to set forward between the second and third camps (Numbers 2:17); but Numbers 10 says after the first camp had set forward the tabernacle was taken down, and the sons of Gershon and Merari set forward bearing the tabernacle, and afterward the second camp or standard of Reuben. This seeming discrepancy is reconciled a few verses after: the tabernacle's less sacred parts, the outside tent, etc., set out between the first and second camp; but the holy of holies, the ark and altar, did not set out until after the second camp. The reason was that those who bore the outside tabernacle might set it up ready for receiving the sanctuary against its coming (Numbers 10:14-21). No forger in an age long before modern criticism was thought of would invent such a coincidence under seeming discrepancy.
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Tabernacle
The structure referred to in Scripture as the tabernacle was the center of the worship of Yahweh by the people of Israel from shortly after the exodus until it was replaced by Solomon's temple around 960 b.c. The term "tabernacle" is sometimes used to refer to one part of a larger complex: the tent-like structure that stood within a court enclosed by linen curtains. At other times the term describes the entire complex. The inner structure was comprised of gold-plated planks linked together and standing on edge. They formed three sides of a rectangle, with the fourth closed by a heavy curtain. The whole was draped with several layers of cloth and leather. Here God was understood to be especially present for his people. Even more important, the tabernacle and the sacrificial system connected with it are understood by the Bible to be richly symbolic of truths concerning God and the possibility of human fellowship with him.
The first references to the tabernacle appear in Exodus 25 , where Moses begins to receive the instructions for making this structure. These instructions continue through chapter 31. Then, after a three-chapter interlude dealing with the golden calf episode and its aftermath, chapter 35 resumes the story of the tabernacle, reporting how the complex was built. This report repeats the previous instructions almost word for word. The report carries on through chapter 40, where the book reaches its climactic conclusion with God's glory filling the tabernacle.
Part of the significance of the tabernacle is seen through the placement of this block of material in the Book of Exodus. The book contains three segments: chapters 1-15, the account of the deliverance from Egypt, culminating in the Red Sea crossing; chapters 16-24, the account of the journey to Sinai, culminating in the sealing of the covenant; and chapters 25-40, the account of the building of the tabernacle, culminating in its being filled with the glory of God. This literary structure shows that the ultimate need of the people was not for deliverance from physical oppression or from theological darkness, but from alienation from God. Deliverance from bondage and from spiritual darkness are not ends, but means to the end of fellowship with God. This is the significance of the title "tabernacle (or "tent, " Heb. ohel [33:7), the phrase aptly sums up the function of the tabernacle. Not only does the structure symbolize the presence of God with his people; it also shows how it is that sinful people can come into, and live in, the presence of a holy God.
The incident of the golden calf, which is reported between the instructions for the tabernacle and its building, highlights both the significance and function of the tabernacle. The people recognized they needed divine protection and guidance, especially in the light of Moses' inexplicable failure to return from the mountain (32:1). And they were sure they could not have these unless God was tangibly present with them. The tragedy of the story is that at the very moment they were demanding that Aaron meet their needs, God was giving Moses the instructions that would meet those needs in a much more complete way than Aaron's feeble efforts ever could.
When human needs are met in God's way the results far surpass anything we could conceive on our own. The golden calf could hardly compare to the tabernacle. In the tabernacle there was beauty of design, color, texture, and shape. There was a satisfying diversity in objects and spaces. There was a sense of motion through separate stages from the profane to the sacred. There was a profound, yet evident, symbolism capable of conveying multiple truths to different persons.
Moreover, the impact upon people is profoundly different when our needs are met in God's way. Here, instead of limited gifts and no participation (32:3-4), everyone has something to contribute, whether in talent or material (35:4-10). Here persons give freely, without coercion (35:21, contra 32:2). Here work is done according to Spirit-imparted gifts, not according to rank or appearance (35:30-36:2). And here, instead of further alienation from God (32:9), the glory of God's presence is revealed in the midst of human life (40:35).
Thus, Exodus 32-34 is an integral part of the whole final segment of the book, illustrating by contrast the same truths that chapters 25-31,35-40 teach in a positive way.
Beyond a tangible representation of the presence of God, the tabernacle also is intended to teach by visual means the theological principles whereby that presence is possible. It is necessary to exercise care at this point because the Bible does not explain all the visual symbolism, and it is possible to expend too much energy in speculation. However, the main lines are clear enough. The color white, which was especially prominent in the linen curtains of the court, calls attention to the purity of God and the necessary purity of those who would live in his presence. Blue speaks of God's transcendence; purple, of his royalty; and red, of the blood that must be shed if a holy God is ever to live with a sinful human. The accents of gold and silver that occurred throughout the structure speak of the riches of the divine kingdom and its blessings. Possibly the multiple coverings over the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies speak of the security that attends those who live with God.
The most significant symbolism is surely that found in the arrangement of spaces and objects. The court itself speaks of the separation between God and the sinner. It is impossible for us to come into the presence of God in our normal state. This gulf is further reinforced by the veil at the door of the Holy Place, and by the one that closed off the Holy of Holies. It is impossible that good intentions and honest effort can ever bring us to God. We come in the ways he has dictated, or not at all.
Then, how is it possible for us to come into that Presence which is life itself? The tabernacle shows the way. The first object encountered is the altar. Here, in the starkest visual terms, is the representation of the truth that "without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness" (Hebrews 9:22 ). But the altar raises its own questions: How can a bull or a sheep or a goat die in the place of a person who has been made just a little lower than God himself (Micah 6:6-8 )? For the Old Testament believer, the solution to this enigma was, in many ways, a mystery. Nevertheless, there is no other way to the Holy of Holies than past the altar.
Behind the altar is the laver. Here we are reminded that God is clean. "Clean" describes the essential character of God, who is faithful, upright, merciful, and true. To be unclean is to fail to share that character, and that which does not share God's character cannot exist in his white-hot presence (Isaiah 6:5 ). Thus, it is necessary for those who would come into his presence to be washed and made clean (Psalm 51:7 ), and the laver represents both that necessity and that possibility.
Inside the Holy Place three objects demand attention. On the right is a table with twelve loaves of bread on it. In pagan temples this is where the gods were believed to sit and eat. But in Israel's tabernacle this is where God was understood to feed his people (Psalm 23:5 ). He had no need of food (Psalm 50:12-13 ), but Israel was famished for him (Psalm 107:9 ; Isaiah 65:13 ). On the left was the lampstand where the light was never permitted to go out. This represented the light that God was to his people in the darkened world of sin (Psalm 27:1 ). Directly in front of the worshiper at the far end of the space was the altar of incense. Here incense burned day and night, symbolizing both the sacred presence and the prayer of worshipers that can rise to God like sweet perfume at any moment of the day (Psalm 141:2 ; Revelation 8:3-4 ). Thus, the objects in the Holy Place were the evidence of the blessings that are for those who live in the presence of God: light, sustenance, and communion.
In all the pagan temples the innermost space was reserved for the idol, the visual expression of the pagan insistence that the divine is clothed with this world, and that this world is the body of the divine. Alone of all the ancient peoples, the Hebrews insisted this is not true. God is not part of this world, and may not be represented by any natural object. So what was in the innermost space of the tabernacle? A box! We usually refer to the object with the a.d. 1611 term "ark, " but that is just an archaic word for "box." A box to represent the presence of God? To be sure it was a beautifully ornamented box, with winged figures of some sort molded into its golden top. But for all that, it was still just a box.
Why would the Hebrews use something as mundane as a box to convey the presence of the almighty God? Negatively, a box simply cannot be worshiped as somehow being God. It is neither a human figure nor a natural object. To be sure, some translations have God sitting "upon" the cherubim, but the Hebrew does not use the preposition "upon." Rather, it uses no preposition, or "with respect to"—a clear attempt to avoid even that potential confusion of object and reality. If it is desired to have an object that will remind persons of God's real presence while underscoring the prohibition of images, a box is an excellent choice.
But the ark has positive significance as well. It represents the true basis of divine-human relations. Those relations do not rest upon ritualistic manipulationmagicas idol-worship assumes. Rather, the basis is covenant, a relationship of mutual commitment whereby grace is responded to in obedience, especially on an ethical plane. Surrender, trust, and obedience are the operative principles, not magical identification. How appropriate that all these truths should be represented in the box in the Holy of Holies. Aaron's rod represents the delivering grace of God, both in the exodus events and in God's selection of the priests as mediators; the manna represents God's sustaining grace; and the tablets of the Ten Commandments summarize the terms of the relationship. The ark tells us that we cannot manipulate the essence of God; we can only remember what he has done for us and relate to him and one another accordingly.
The sad truth is that the human spirit is not able to fulfill the terms of the covenant, no matter how pure the initial intentions may have been. As the Hebrews first broke their covenant with God in less than six weeks, so every human who has ever lived has learned that living for God is not a matter of good intentions. Every one who has ever sought to live for God has discovered that when all has been done, we have fallen far short of God's moral perfection. What then is to be done? The covenant was sworn to with the most solemn oaths. Now it lies broken in the presence of God, calling out for justice. How can God be Justice and Love at the same time? The answer is the "cover" (mercy-seat). The Hebrew word for the nullification of the effects of sin is kapar [ Leviticus 16:11-17 ). The broken covenant, calling out for the death of those who swore in the name of God that they would be obedient or die, was satisfied by a representive sacrificial death.
But this brings to the fore the question raised by the great altar in the court outside. If the fundamental tenet of the Hebrew faith, God's transcendence, is true, if God cannot be magically manipulated through the creation, then of what ultimate good is the sacrifice of one bull, or, for that matter, tens of thousands of bulls? This seems a hopeless dilemma. God's justice cannot be satisfied magically, but it must be satisfied. God cannot simply ignore it. To do so would be to destroy the whole basis of a world of cause and effect.
This is the dilemma that came to such a dramatic resolution for the persons of the first century a.d., who suddenly realized what the coupling of Jesus Christ's divinity and his unjust death and his glorious resurrection meant. Here was the perfect sacrifice! Here was the one to whom the sacrificial system and the tabernacle pointed. That system and that structure had no magical efficacy in themselves. They were only efficacious in removing sin insofar as they pointed to the One who could indeed die for all. If God could die and then return to life, that death could indeed be in the place of all who would ever live and sin.
This is the vision that captured the writer of the Book of Hebrews and is recorded in chapter 9 of that book. He realized that the tabernacle and the sacrificial system were simply symbolic of an eternal reality. The language used there might suggest that the author thought the earthly tabernacle was a copy of an eternal heavenly one. But to take that position is to miss the point of the passage. The author is saying that the earthly tabernacle and the sacrifices offered there are representative of eternal, spiritual truth: the all-sufficiency of the sacrifice of Christ for all eternity. The tabernacle represents truth, not some other material entity. The author is possibly using the language of Platonic philosophy, but the biblical philosophy of transcendence is diametrically at odds with Plato's insistence that this world is unreal. That the writer of Hebrews knows this is evident in 9:25-26, where he shows that Christ is not being continually sacrificed in some heavenly reality, but that he died once for all here on earth, and so here fulfilled what the tabernacle was all about.
John N. Oswalt
See also Aaron ; Altar ; Ark ; Exodus, Theology of ; Hebrews, Theology of ; Israel ; Moses ; Offerings and Sacrifices ; Priest, Priesthood ; Temple
Bibliography . P. F. Kiene, The Tabernacle of God in the Wilderness of Sinai ; M. Levine, The Tabernacle: Its Structure and Utensils ; S. F. Olford, The Tabernacle: Camping with God ; S. Ridout, Lectures on the Tabernacle ; A. B. Simpson, Christ in the Tabernacle .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Altars of the Tabernacle
The altar of holocaust was within the court of the Tabernacle to the east of the entrance. It was of setim wood covered with plates of brass, the whole structure filled with rocks and earth, and measured 5 cubits square and 3 in height. The altar of incense, used for incense offerings in the Old Law, was within the Tabernacle. It measured 1 cubit in length, as much in breadth, and 2 cubits in height, and was of setim wood overlaid with gold.
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Tabernacle
Psalm 19:4 (a) The great expanse of the heavens is described as a tent in which the sun rules and reigns. It is quite a few million miles wide and high, and is not subject to the whims of men, nor the storms of life.
Psalm 27:5 (a) His presence is described as a tabernacle or tent. As we retire into His presence from the storms of life, we find His preserving care and quietness of spirit. (See also Psalm 61:4; Isaiah 4:6; Jeremiah 10:20).
Psalm 84:1 (b) In this way the Lord describes the holiness and the blessedness of the gatherings of the people of GOD for worship, praise and service.
Proverbs 14:11 (c) Probably this refers to the manner of life of the Christian. Because he walks with GOD, and seeks to serve his Lord, he is assured of the presence of the Holy Spirit, and this probably is called a "Tabernacle."
Isaiah 33:20 (a) Probably the entire city of Jerusalem is called by this name. (See also Lamentations 2:4).
2 Corinthians 5:1 (a) The human body is called by this name because the spirit dwells in this body in order to serve the Lord, and be a blessing to others. At death the spirit leaves the tabernacle, so that GOD may repair the building and fix it up new for the return of the spirit in the day of the resurrection. (See also2Pe 1:13).
Hebrews 8:2 (b) Probably this is a type of the church of GOD in which the Spirit of GOD now dwells, and where the glory of GOD is revealed.
Chabad Knowledge Base - Tabernacle
the temporary Sanctuary in which the Divine Presence dwelled during the Jews journeys through the desert
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Tabernacle, the
This is variously styled the 'tabernacle of testimony, or of witness,' the 'tabernacle of the congregation,' or 'tent of meeting.' It was the place recognised by Jehovah, where, as dwelling among them, He met His people, and where in separation from the outer world His will was made known. It was to be made after the pattern shown to Moses in the mount, and when it was completed Moses bore witness that it had been constructed as the Lord had commanded. It is worthy of notice that none of its details were left to the ingenuity of Moses: he had simply to carry out his instructions. We read in the N.T. that the things made were patterns of things in the heavens, but not the very image of them; they were patterns of things that were before God, which were not to be materialised.
The tabernacle with its sacrifices was God's way of displaying Himself, and His way for man's approach to Himself. Any one drawing near to the tabernacle would see first its court, a space enclosed with curtains hanging from pillars. This was a hundred cubits long and fifty cubits broad. On entering the court by its one gate the first thing approached was the brazen altar. This altar was the place of approach for the people. The burnt offering was the ground of acceptance for a people on earth. The place of approach for the priestly family was the golden altar in the holy (place); but the way into the holiest was not yet made manifest. Hebrews 9:8 .
Between the brazen altar and the holy (place) stood the laver , at which the priests washed their hands and feet whenever they drew near to minister. The holy (place) contained the table of showbread on the north, the golden candlestick on the south, and the altar of incense 'before the vail' in the centre. Here the priests ministered daily, burning sweet incense: type of Christ's intercession, and of the perfections of His Person and work, not seen here as meeting man's need, but as for the delight of God, His Father. The lamps were burning 'continually,' but apparently only in the night: cf. 2 Chronicles 5:4-913 ; Leviticus 24:2,3 ; 2 Chronicles 13:11 . The light typified the manifestation of God by the Spirit, the seven lamps being figurative of heavenly completeness. Twelve loaves were constantly on the table, typical of Israel in association with Christ before God, and of God's bounty which will be administered through Israel (twelve loaves) to the earth in the kingdom. The holy (place), or 'first tabernacle' refers to the things of Israel. Inside the second veil was the holy of holies, in which was the ark (q.v. ) with the cherubim, typical of the throne of God. It figured the approach which Christians now have to the presence of God, because Christ has made a new and living way for them by entering in Himself as their great Priest. Hebrews 10:19 .
| |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| |
| | | |
| | ARK | |
| | |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| | |
| | | | | |
| | Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯ | |
| | | |
| |Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨ | |
| | | |
| | GOLDEN ALTAR | |
| | |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| | |
| | | | | |
| | Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯ | |
| | TABLE OF | |
| | GOLDEN |Â¯Â¯Â¯| | |
| | |Â¯Â¯| | | | |
| | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | |
| | CANDLESTICK | | | |
| | SHOWBREAD | |
| | | |
| Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨ |
| LAVER |
| ( ) |
| |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| |
| | BRAZEN | |
| | ALTAR | |
| | | |
| Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯ |
PLAN OF THE TABERNACLE.
(Not to scale)
The tabernacle was a rectangle, measuring ten cubits in breadth, and thirty cubits in length, which was divided into ten cubits for the holy of holies and twenty for the holy (place). The sides were formed of boards of acacia wood, ten cubits in height, set by tenons into silver sockets, each board having two sockets. The boards were kept together by horizontal bars throughout, and were all covered with gold. If the whole tabernacle be taken as typical of Christ, then the gold and the wood may point to His divinity and His humanity, or the gold may be taken as typical of divine righteousness. Internally all was gold and embroidered work: the wood was not seen.
The whole was covered with curtains, the innermost being of rich embroidered work of various colours; then curtains of woven goats' hair; then coverings of rams' skins and badgers' skins — typical of entire preservation from outward evil. There were three distinct parts in the entire covering: the tabernacle, the tent, and the covering. Exodus 35:11 . The inner curtains, which were of such widths that the junctions of each set did not fall in the same place as the one next to it, formed the tabernacle (mishkan ); the set of curtains of goats' hair were the tent (ohel ) of the tabernacle (see TENT); and the rams' skins and badgers' skins formed the covering (mikseh ). An embroidered hangingformed the door, or the first veil. Exodus 25 — Exodus 27 gives God's approach to man; Exodus 28 - Exodus 30 , man's approach to God; and Exodus 35 — Exodus 40 the gifts for the tabernacle and its construction.
The tabernacle as a whole may be said to typify
1. God coming forth in a Man (His own Son) and on the basis of redemption, filling the universe with the light of His glory.
2. The provision made by God for approach to Himself by a redeemed people. Much light is thrown on the tabernacle in the Epistle to the Hebrews, but what is there taught presents often a contrast rather than a comparison to what pertained to the earthly tabernacle.
The tabernacle may also be considered as God's house, and thus a type of the saints in their present place. The temple was for the ordered and established kingdom. In Revelation 21 , after alluding to the kingdom and the eternal state, the Spirit goes back to the thought of the tabernacle.
The tabernacle was carried about during the forty years in the wilderness (see CAMP), and when the Israelites entered the land it was apparently placed first at Gilgal. Joshua 9:6 . Afterwards it was at Shiloh. Joshua 18:1 . While here it was forsaken of God because of the idolatry and wickedness of the people. Psalm 78:60 ; Jeremiah 7:12,14 ; Jeremiah 26:6,9 . The ark was taken by the Philistines and was not returned to the tabernacle; nor, when David removed the ark, did he restore it to the tabernacle, but placed it on Mount Zion. We next read of the tabernacle as being at Nob. 1 Samuel 21:1-6 . Afterwards it was at Gibeon. 1 Chronicles 16:39 ; 1 Chronicles 21:29 ; 2 Chronicles 1:3-6 . When the temple was built, the tabernacle was brought up, with the ark and the holy vessels. The ark was placed in the most holy place, and the staves drawn out, for it had found its settled rest. The tabernacle gave place to the house, the latter glory of which will yet be greater than ever. 1618063418_4 ; Haggai 2:9 .
Amid the coming judgements, we read of "the temple  of the tabernacle of the testimony" being opened in heaven, and out of the temple proceed the seven angels having the seven vials. Revelation 15:5,6 .
Webster's Dictionary - Tabernacle
(v. i.) To dwell or reside for a time; to be temporary housed.
(n.) A seat or stall in a choir, with its canopy.
(n.) A boxlike step for a mast with the after side open, so that the mast can be lowered to pass under bridges, etc.
(n.) A portable structure of wooden framework covered with curtains, which was carried through the wilderness in the Israelitish exodus, as a place of sacrifice and worship.
(n.) A tryptich for sacred imagery.
(n.) Hence, a work of art of sacred subject, having a partially architectural character, as a solid frame resting on a bracket, or the like.
(n.) A niche for the image of a saint, or for any sacred painting or sculpture.
(n.) The ornamental receptacle for the pyx, or for the consecrated elements, whether a part of a building or movable.
(n.) Any small cell, or like place, in which some holy or precious things was deposited or kept.
(n.) Figuratively: The human body, as the temporary abode of the soul.
(n.) Hence, the Jewish temple; sometimes, any other place for worship.
(n.) A slightly built or temporary habitation; especially, a tent.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words - Tabernacle
Mishkân (מִשְׁכָּן, Strong's #4908), “dwelling place; tabernacle; shrine.” This word appears 139 times and refers in its first occurrence to the “tabernacle”: “According to all that I show thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it” (Exod. 25:9). Mishkân is found primarily in Exodus and Numbers, and it always designates the sanctuary. With this meaning it is a synonym for the phrase “tent of meeting.” In total, 100 out of the 139 uses of mishkân throughout the Old Testament signify the tabernacle as “dwelling place.” God dwelt amidst His people in the wilderness, and His presence was symbolically manifest in the tent of meeting. The word mishkân places the emphasis on the representative presence of God: “And I will set my tabernacle among you: and my soul shall not abhor you. And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people. I am the Lord your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you go upright” (Lev. 26:11-13). Hence, sin among the Israelites defiled God’s “dwelling-place” (Lev. 15:31; cf. Num. 19:13).
Whereas the “tabernacle” was mobile, the temple was built for the particular purpose of religious worship: “… I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle” (2 Sam. 7:6). Solomon built it and the finished structure was known as “the house,” the temple instead of the dwelling place (mishkân) In later literature mishkân is a poetic synonym for “temple”: “I will not give sleep … until I find out a place for the Lord, a habitation for the mighty God of Jacob” (Ps. 132:4-5). The meaning of mishkân was also extended to include the whole area surrounding the temple, as much as the city Jerusalem: “There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High” (Ps. 46:4), “the Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob” (Ps. 87:2).
The defilement of the city and the temple area was sufficient reason for God to leave the temple (Ezek. 10) and to permit the destruction of His “dwelling place” by the brutish Babylonians: “They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground” (Ps. 74:7). In the Lord’s providence He had planned to restore His people and the temple so as to assure them of His continued presence: “My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And the heathen shall know that I the Lord do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore” (Ezek. 37:27-28). John comments that Jesus Christ was God’s “tabernacle”: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14), and Jesus later referred to Himself as the temple: “But He spake of the temple of his body” (John 2:21).
In non-religious use mishkân is “the dwelling place” of an individual (Num. 16:24), of Israel (Num. 24:5), and of strangers (Hab. 1:6).
The usual translation of mishkân in the Septuagint is skene (“dwelling; booth”), which is also the translation for ‘ohel, “tent.” It has been suggested that the similarity in sound of the Hebrew shakan and the Greek skene influenced the translation. Another translation is skenoma (“tent; dwelling; lodging”). The translations in the KJV are: “tabernacle; dwelling place; dwelling; habitation.”
Shâkên (שָׁכֵן, Strong's #7934), “to dwell, inhabit.” This verb, which occurs about 129 times in biblical Hebrew, is found also in other Semitic languages. In Akkadian sakanu, “to lay, to set up, to be situated,” has many forms, such as the noun mackana, “dwelling place.” One occurrence of the verb is in Ps. 37:27: “Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore.”
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Tabernacle
Tabernacle, Exodus 25:9, literally means "a tent." The sanctuary where in the earlier times the most sacred rites of the Hebrew religion were performed. The command to erect a tabernacle is recorded in Exodus 25:8; and in that place, and in Exodus 29:42-43; Exodus 29:45, the special purpose is declared for which it was to be made. And so we find the various names of it, the "tent," Exodus 26:11-12; the "tabernacle," dwelling or habitation, Exodus 26:13; the "tent of meeting," Exodus 29:43, for so the words should be rendered; the "tent of the testimony" or "tabernacle of witness," Numbers 9:15; Numbers 17:7; Numbers 18:2; the "house of the Lord," Deuteronomy 23:18; Joshua 9:23; Judges 18:31; all these appelations pointing to the covenant-purpose of God. The command to make it began by inviting the people to contribute suitable materials. They were to be offered with a willing heart. These materials are described in Exodus 25:3-7. And the tabernacle was to be built according to the pattern given of God. It was as to its general plan like an ordinary tent, which is usually divided into two compartments, the inner lighted by a lamp and closed against strangers. Such tents are longer than they are broad. And so the tabernacle was an oblong square or rectangle, 30 cubits (45 feet or perhaps 50 feet) long, ten cubits in breadth and in height. The frame-work on these sides was perpendicular boards of shittim-wood, that is, acacia, overlaid with gold, kept together by means of transverse bars passing through golden rings, and each with two tenons, fitting into silver sockets, on which they stood. There were four coverings. The first was ten curtains of byssus, or fine linen, blue, purple, and scarlet, with cherubim embroidered on them, coupled together by loops and gold hooks. The second covering was of goals' hair in eleven curtains. The third covering was of rams' skins dyed red, like our morocco leather; and the fourth of "badgers' skins," more probably a kind of seal skin. These were to protect the tabernacle from the weather. The inner apartment or most holy place was a cube of ten cubits, the outer apartment 20 cubits in length and ten in breadth. They were separated by a veil of the same kind as the innermost covering, suspended on four gilded acacia pillars reared upon silver sockets. The east end or entrance of the tabernacle had also a large curtain suspended from five gilded acacia pillars set in sockets of brass or copper.
The Furniture.— In the most holy place, which the high priest alone entered, was the ark of the covenant; in the holy place, where the priests ministered—to the north the table of shew-bread, to the south the golden candlestick, in the centre the altar of incense. Round about the tabernacle was an open court into which the people were admitted, 100 cubits in length and 50 broad. It was formed by columns, 20 on each side, 10 at each end, raised on brazen or copper sockets. Hangings fastened to the pillars formed three sides and part of the fourth: on the east the breadth of four pillars was reserved for a central entrance, where was an embroidered curtain suspended from the four pillars. Immediately opposite the entrance was the great altar of burnt offering; and between that and the door of the tabernacle was the laver. Ex., chaps. 26, 27, 38, 40. There are some parts of the description of the pillars and hangings of the court which it is not easy to understand. The tabernacle was completed in about nine months: and as the people offered most liberally, Exodus 36:5, it was a costly structure: the value of the materials being estimated at $1,000,000. It was erected on the first day of the first month of the second year after leaving Egypt. It was carried by the Israelites into Canaan, and there set up, possibly first at Gilgal, then, when the land was subdued, at Shiloh, Joshua 18:1, and also at Bethel, perhaps afterwards at Nob, and then at Gibeon. 1 Chronicles 16:39; 1 Chronicles 21:29. It was removed, when the temple was built, to Jerusalem, and possibly deposited in the temple. 1 Kings 8:4; 2 Chronicles 5:5. For the regulations about its removal see Numbers 4:1-49. David seems to have constructed a second tabernacle to receive the ark when it was brought to Jerusalem. 2 Samuel 6:17; 1 Chronicles 15:1. Doubtless the first one had perished or worn out. See Bissell, Bib. Antiq.
in Hebrew, אהל , in Greek, σκηνη , a word which properly signifies a tent, but is particularly applied by the Hebrews to a kind of building in the form of a tent, set up by the express command of God, for the performance of religious worship, sacrifices, &c, during the journeyings of the Israelites in the wilderness; and after their settlement in the land of Canaan made use of for the same purpose, till the temple was built in Jerusalem. The tabernacle was covered with curtains and skins. It was divided into two parts, the one covered, and properly called the tabernacle, and the other open, called the court. The covered part was again divided into two parts, the one called holy, and the other called the holy of holies. The curtains which covered it were made of linen of several colours embroidered. There were ten curtains, twenty-eight cubits long, and four in breadth. Five curtains together made two coverings, which, being made fast together, enveloped all the tabernacle. Over the rest there were two other coverings, the one of goat's hair, and the other of sheep skins. These rails or coverings were laid on a square frame of planks, resting on bases. There were forty-eight large planks, each a cubit and a half wide, and ten cubits high; twenty of them on each side, and six at one end to the westward; each plank was supported by two silver bases; they were let into one another, and held by bars running the length of the planks. The holy of holies was parted from the rest of the tabernacle by a curtain, made fast to four pillars standing ten cubits from the end. The whole length of the tabernacle was thirty-two cubits, that is, about fifty feet; and the breadth twelve cubits, or nineteen feet. The end was thirty cubits high; the upper curtain hung on the north and south sides eight cubits, and on the east and west four cubits. The court was a place a hundred cubits long, and fifty in breadth, inclosed by twenty columns, each of them twenty cubits high, and ten in breadth, covered with silver, and standing on copper bases, five cubits distant from each other, between which there were curtains drawn, and fastened with hooks. At the east end was an entrance twenty cubits wide, covered with a curtain hanging loose. In the tabernacle was the ark of the covenant, the table of shew bread, the golden candlestick, and the altar of incense; and in the court opposite to the entrance of the tabernacle, or holy place, stood the altar of burnt- offerings, and the laver or bason for the use of the priests.
The tabernacle was finished on the first day of the first month of the second year after the departure out of Egypt, A.M. 2514. When it was set up, a dark cloud covered it by day, and a fiery cloud by night. Moses went into the tabernacle to consult the Lord. It was placed in the midst of the camp, and the Hebrews were ranged in order about it, according to their several tribes. When the cloud arose from off the tabernacle, they decamped; the priests carried those things which were most sacred, and the Levites all the several parts of the tabernacle. Part of the tribes went before, and the rest followed after, and the baggage of the tabernacle marched in the centre.
The tabernacle was brought into the land of Canaan by Joshua, and set up at Gilgal. Here it rested till the land was conquered. Then it was removed to Shiloh, and afterward to Nob. Its next station was Gibeah, and here it continued till the ark was removed to the temple.
The word also means a frail dwelling, Job 11:14 ; and is put for our bodies, 2 Corinthians 5:1 .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Tabernacle Societies
(tabernacle societies) Groups of devout persons, usually women, who make vestments and altar linens and keep them in repair, and provide altar vessels, furniture, and ornaments. Many of these societies give the fruit of their labors to missionary and poor churches.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Tabernacle
A tent, booth, pavilion, or temporary dwelling. For its general meaning and uses, see Exodus 25:1-40 , and the following chapters. This is usually called the tabernacle of the congregation, or tent of assembly, and sometimes the tabernacle of the testimony.
The tabernacle was of an oblong rectangular form, thirty cubits long, ten broad, and ten in height, Exodus 26.15-30 ; 36.20-30 ; that is, about fifty-five feet long, eighteen broad, and eighteen high. The two sides and the western end were formed of boards of shittim wood, overlaid with thin plates of gold, and fixed in solid sockets or vases of silver. Above, they were secured by bars of the same wood overlaid with gold, passing through rings of gold which were fixed to the boards. On the east end, which was the entrance, there were no boards, but only five pillars of shittim wood, whose chapters and fillets were overlaid with gold and their hooks of gold, standing in five sockets of brass. The tabernacle thus erected was covered with four different kinds of curtains. The first and inner curtain was composed of fine linen, magnificently embroidered with figures of cherubim, in shades of blue, purple, and scarlet; this formed the beautiful ceiling. The next covering was made of fine goats' hair; the third of rams' skins or morocco dyed red; and the fourth and outward covering of a thicker leather. See BADGERS' SKINS. We have already said that the east end of the tabernacle had no boards, but only five pillars of shittim wood; it was therefore closed with a richly embroidered curtain suspended from these pillars, Exodus 27:16 .
Such was the external appearance of the sacred tent, which was divided into two apartments by means of four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold, like the pillars before described, two cubits and a half distant from each other; only they stood in sockets of silver instead of brass, Exodus 26:32 36:36 ; and on these pillars was hung a veil, formed of the same materials as the one placed at the east end, Exodus 26:31-33 36:35 Hebrews 9:3 . The interior of the tabernacle was thus divided, it is generally supposed, in the same proportions as the temple afterwards built according to its model; two-thirds of the whole length being allotted to the first room, or the Holy Place, and one-third to the second, or Most Holy Place. Thus the former would be twenty cubits long, ten wide, and ten high, and the latter ten cubits every way. It is observable, that neither the Holy nor the Most Holy place had any window. Hence the need of the candlestick in the one, for the service that was performed therin.
The tabernacle thus described stood in an open space or court of an oblong form, one hundred cubits in length, and fifty in breadth, situated due east and west, Exodus 27:18 . This court was surrounded with pillars of brass, filleted with silver, and placed at the distance of five cubits from each other, twenty on each side and ten on each end. Their sockets were of brass, and were fastened to the earth with pins of the same metal, Exodus 38:10,17,20 . Their height was probably five cubits, that being the length of the curtains that were suspended on them, Exodus 28:18 . These curtains, which formed an enclosure round the court, were of fine twined white linen yarn, Exodus 27:9 38:9,16 , except that at the entrance on the east end, which was of blue and purple and scarlet and fine white twined linen, with cords to draw it either up or aside when the priests entered the court, Leviticus 23:34-434 38:18 . Within this area stood the altar of burntofferings, and the laver with its foot or base. This altar was placed in a line between the door of the court and the door of the tabernacle, but nearer the former, Exodus 40:6,29 ; the laver stood the altar of burnt-offering and the door of the tabernacle, Exodus 38:8 . In this court all the Israelites presented their offerings, vows, and prayers.
But although the tabernacle was surrounded by the court, there is no reason to think that it stood in the center of it. It is more probable that the area at the east end was fifty cubits square; and indeed a less space than that could hardly suffice for the work that was to be done there, and for the persons who were immediately to attend the service. We now proceed to notice the furniture which the tabernacle contained.
In the Holy Place to which none but priests were admitted, Hebrews 9:6 , were three objects worthy of notice: namely, the altar of incense, the table for the show-bread, and the candlestick for the showbread, and the candlestick for the lights, all of which have been described in their respective places. The altar of incense was placed in the middle of the sanctuary, before the veil, Exodus 30:6-10 40:26-27 ; and on it the incense was burnt morning and evening, Exodus 30:7,8 . On the north side of the altar of incense, that is, on the right hand of the priest as he entered, stood the table for the show-bread, Exodus 26:35 40:22,23 ; and on the south side of the Holy Place, the golden candlestick, Exodus 25:31-39 . In the Most Holy Place, into which only the high priest entered once a year, Hebrews 9:7 , was the ark, covered by the mercy-seat and the cherubim.
The gold and silver employed in decorating the tabernacle are estimated at not less than a million of dollars. The remarkable and costly structure thus described was erected in the wilderness of Sinai, on the first day of the first month of the second year, after the Israelites left Egypt, Exodus 40.17 ; and when erected was anointed, together with its furniture, with holy oil, Exodus 40:9-11 , and sanctified by blood, Exodus 24:6-8Hebrews 9:21 . The altar of burnt offerings, especially, was sanctified by sacrifices during seven days, Exodus 29:37 ; while rich donations were given by the princes of the tribes for the service of the sanctuary, Numbers 7:1 .
We should not omit to observe, that the tabernacle was so constructed as to be taken to pieces and put together again, as occasion required. This was indispensable; it being designed to accompany the Israelites during their travels in the wilderness. With it moved and rested the pillar of fire and of cloud. As often as Israel removed, the tabernacle was taken to pieces by the priests, closely covered, and borne in regular order by the Levites, Numbers 4:1-49 . Wherever they encamped, it was pitched in the midst of their tents, which were set up in a quadrangular form, under their respective standards, at a distance from the tabernacle of two thousand cubits; while Moses and Aaron, with the priests and Levites, occupied a place between them.
How long this tabernacle existed we do not know. During the conquest it remained at Gilgal, Joshua 4:19 10:43 . After the conquest it was stationed for many years at Shiloh, Joshua 18:11 Samuel 1:3 . In 2 Samuel 6:17 , and 1 Chronicles 15:1 , it is said that David had prepared and pitched a tabernacle in Jerusalem for the ark, which before had long been at Kirjath-jearim, and then in the house of Obed-edom, 1 Chronicles 13:6,142 Samuel 6:11,12 . In 1 Chronicles 21:29 , it is said that the tabernacle of Moses was still at Gibeon at that time; and it would therefore seem that the ark had long been separated from it. The tabernacle still remained at Gibeon in the time of Solomon, who sacrificed before it, 2 Chronicles 1:3,13 . This is the last mention made of it; for apparently the tabernacle brought with the ark into the temple, 2 Chronicles 5:5 , was the tent in which the ark had been kept on Zion, 2 Chronicles 1:4 5:2 .
Feast of Tabernacles. This festival derives its name from the booths in which the people dwelt during its continuance, which were constructed of the branches and leaves of trees, on the roofs of their houses, in the courts, and also in the streets. Nehemiah describes the gathering of palm-branches, olive branches, myrtlebranches, etc., for this occasion, from the Mount of Olives. It was one of the three great festivals of the year, at which all the men of Israel were required to be present, Deuteronomy 16:16 . It was celebrated during eight days, commencing on the fifteenth day of the month Tishri, that is, fifteen days after the new moon in October; and the first and last days were particularly distinguished, 1618063418_55 Nehemiah 8:14-18 . This festival was instituted in memory of the forty years' wanderings of the Israelites in the desert, Leviticus 23:42,43 , and also as a season of gratitude and thanksgiving for the gathering in of the harvest; whence it is also called the Feast of the Harvest, Exodus 23:16 34:22 . The season was an occasion of rejoicing and feasting. The public sacrifices consisted of two rams and fourteen lambs on each of the first seven days, together with thirteen bullocks on the first day, twelve on the second, eleven on the third, ten on the fourth, nine on the fifth, eight on the sixth, and seven on the seventh; while on the eighth day one bullock, one ram, and seven lambs were offered, Numbers 29:12-39 . On every seventh year, the law of Moses was also read in public, in the presence of all the people, Deuteronomy 31:10-13Nehemiah 8:18 .
To these ceremonies the later Jews added a libation of water mingled with wine, which was poured upon the morning sacrifice of each day. The priests, having filled a vessel of water from the fountain of Siloam, bore it through the water gate to the temple, and there, while the trumpets and horns were sounding, poured it upon the sacrifice arranged upon the altar. This was probably done as a memorial of the abundant supply of water which God afforded to the Israelites during their wanderings in the desert; and perhaps with reference to purification from sin, 1 Samuel 7:6 . This was accompanied with the singing of Isaiah 12:1-6 : "With joy shall ye draw water from the wells of salvation;" and may naturally have suggested our Savior's announcement while attending this festival, "If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink," John 7:37,38 . The first and eighth days of the festival were Sabbaths to the Lord, in which there was a holy convocation, and in which all labor was prohibited, Leviticus 23:39Numbers 29:12,35 ; and as the eighth was the last festival day celebrated in the course of each year, it appears to have been esteemed as peculiarly important and sacred.
King James Dictionary - Tabernacle
TAB'ERNACLE, n. L. tabernaculum, a tent, from taberna, a shop or shed, from tabula, a board or rather from its root. See Table.
1. A tent. Numbers 24; Matthew 17 2. A temporary habitation. 3. Among the Jews, a movable building, so contrived as to be taken to pieces with ease and reconstructed, for the convenience of being carried during the wanderings of the Israelites in the wilderness. It was of a rectangular figure, thirty cubits long, ten broad, and ten high. The interior was divided into two rooms by a vail or curtain, and it was covered with four different spreads or carpets. It is also applied to the temple. Psalms 15
4. A place of worship a sacred place. 5. Our natural body. 2 Corinthians 5; 2 Peter 1 . 6. God's gracious presence, or the tokens of it. Revelation 21 7. An ornamented chest placed on Roman catholic altars as a receptacle of the ciborium and pyxis. TAB'ERNACLE, To dwell to reside for a time to be housed as we say, Christ tabernacled in the flesh.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Tabernacle
1: σκηνή (Strong's #4633 — Noun Feminine — skene — skay-nay' ) "a tent, booth, tabernacle," is used of (a) tents as dwellings, Matthew 17:4 ; Mark 9:5 ; Luke 9:33 ; Hebrews 11:9 , AV, "tabernacles" (RV, "tents"); (b) the Mosaic tabernacle, Acts 7:44 ; Hebrews 8:5 ; 9:1 (in some mss.); 9:8,21, termed "the tent of meeting," RV (i.e., where the people were called to meet God), a preferable description to "the tabernacle of the congregation," as in the AV in the OT; the outer part, Hebrews 9:2,6 ; the inner sanctuary, Hebrews 9:3 ; (c) the heavenly prototype, Hebrews 8:2 ; 9:11 ; Revelation 13:6 ; 15:5 ; 21:3 (of its future descent); (d) the eternal abodes of the saints, Luke 16:9 , RV, "tabernacles" (AV, "habitations"); (e) the Temple in Jerusalem, as continuing the service of the tabernacle, Hebrews 13:10 ; (f) the house of David, i.e., metaphorically of his people, Acts 15:16 ; (g) the portable shrine of the god Moloch, Acts 7:43 .
2: σκῆνος (Strong's #4636 — Noun Neuter — skenos — skay'-nos ) the equivalent of No. 1, is used metaphorically of the body as the "tabernacle" of the soul, 2 Corinthians 5:1,4 .
3: σκήνωμα (Strong's #4638 — Noun Neuter — skenoma — skay'-no-mah ) occurs in Acts 7:46 ; 2 Peter 1:13,14 ; see HABITATION , No. 6.
4: σκηνοπηγία (Strong's #4634 — Noun Feminine — skenopegia — skay-nop-ayg-ee'-ah ) properly "the setting up of tents or dwellings" (No. 1, and pegnumi, "to fix"), represents the word "tabernacles" in "the feast of tabernacles," John 7:2 . This feast, one of the three Pilgrimage Feasts in Israel, is called "the feast of ingathering" in Exodus 23:16 ; 34:22 ; it took place at the end of the year, and all males were to attend at the "tabernacle" with their offerings. In Leviticus 23:34 ; Deuteronomy 16:13,16 ; 31:10 ; Numbers 29:15-386 ; Ezra 3:4 (cp. Nehemiah 8:14-18 ), it is called "the feast of tabernacles" (or "booths," sukkoth), and was appointed for seven days at Jerusalem from the 15th to the 22nd Tishri (approximately October), to remind the people that their fathers dwelt in these in the wilderness journeys. Cp. 1618063418_33 , especially Numbers 29:35-38 , for the regulations of the eighth or "last day, the great day of the feast" (John 7:37 ).
Note: For skenoo, "to spread a tabernacle over," Revelation 7:15 , RV, see DWELL , No. 9.
Mishkan - The (Tabernacle): a) the Tabernacle or temporary Sanctuary in which the Divine Presence dwelled during the Jews� journeys through the desert; b) the portion of the Tabernacle and the Temple building before the Holy of Holies which contained the inner altar, the table for the showbread, and the menorah ...
Blue - This colour was used extensively in the hangings of the Tabernacle; in the vesture of the priests; and in the coverings of the vessels of the Tabernacle when they were being removed. The colour is typical of heaven: the whole of the Tabernacle was "a shadow of heavenly things
Tent - 'tabernacle,' and is used also for 'dwelling' or 'habitation,' as in Job 8:22 ; Psalm 91:10 ; etc. This word also shows that the goats' hair curtains formed 'the tent' of the Tabernacle. See Tabernacle. mishkan , rightly translated 'tabernacle' but is 'tent' in Song of Solomon 1:8 . sukkah also translated 'tabernacle,' 'pavilion,' 'booth;' and only once 'tent. On Israel entering the land the tents gave way to houses in the cities: as the Christian's 'tabernacle' will give place to the 'house' above
Tabernacular - ) Of or pertaining to a Tabernacle, especially the Jewish Tabernacle
Holy of Holies - The second or interior portion of the Tabernacle. (See Tabernacle
Laver - A circular vessel of brass, in the Tabernacle containing water for the priests to wash their hands and feet, before offering sacrifice. It stood in the court between the altar and the door of the Tabernacle. , a foot, which, as well as the laver itself, was made from the mirrors of the women who assembled at the door of the Tabernacle court. Like the other vessels belonging to the Tabernacle, it was, together with its "foot," consecrated with oil
Laver - Between the altar and the Tabernacle, a little to the south, stood a circular laver, which, together with its base, was made of the brazen ornaments which the women had presented for the use of the Tabernacle, and was thence called כיור נחשת , Exodus 30:18 ; Exodus 40:7
Dish - See Charger; House, Â§ 9 ; Meals, Â§ 5 ; and Tabernacle, Â§ 5 ( a )
Tabernacle - The Tabernacle was covered with curtains and skins. It was divided into two parts, the one covered, and properly called the Tabernacle, and the other open, called the court. Five curtains together made two coverings, which, being made fast together, enveloped all the Tabernacle. The holy of holies was parted from the rest of the Tabernacle by a curtain, made fast to four pillars standing ten cubits from the end. The whole length of the Tabernacle was thirty-two cubits, that is, about fifty feet; and the breadth twelve cubits, or nineteen feet. In the Tabernacle was the ark of the covenant, the table of shew bread, the golden candlestick, and the altar of incense; and in the court opposite to the entrance of the Tabernacle, or holy place, stood the altar of burnt- offerings, and the laver or bason for the use of the priests. ...
The Tabernacle was finished on the first day of the first month of the second year after the departure out of Egypt, A. Moses went into the Tabernacle to consult the Lord. When the cloud arose from off the Tabernacle, they decamped; the priests carried those things which were most sacred, and the Levites all the several parts of the Tabernacle. Part of the tribes went before, and the rest followed after, and the baggage of the Tabernacle marched in the centre. ...
The Tabernacle was brought into the land of Canaan by Joshua, and set up at Gilgal
Aholiab - Of Dan; with Bezaleel, inspired with artistic skill to construct the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:34)
Adanim - "foundation sockets"); the sockets which formed the base of the Tabernacle in the desert...
Holy Place - In both the Tabernacle and the Temple, the outer or easternmost room. This room in the Tabernacle measured 20 X:10 cubits (about 30 X:15 feet); that of the Temple was 40 X:20 cubits. Whilst only a heavy screen of rich tapestry, hanging from five wooden posts, extended on the whole front of the Tabernacle, in the first Temple a double folding door of cypress wood with doorposts of olive wood closed the holy place from the porch. Inside the holy place, just in front of the veil screening the entrance of the holy of holies, stood the altar of incense; along the north wall stood the table of the shewbread, and the ten lamp-stands, five on the right side and five on the left, which seem to have superseded the seven-branched lamp-stand of the Tabernacle
In the Tabernacle, a vessel of brass containing water for the priests to wash their hands and feet before offering sacrifice. It stood in the court between the altar and the door of the Tabernacle. a foot, which, was well as the laver itself, was made from the mirrors of the women who assembled at the door of the Tabernacle court. Like the other vessels belonging to the Tabernacle, it was, together with its "foot," consecrated with oil
Shittim - The sacred wood which was much used in the Tabernacle, of which moderns know but little
Tabernacle - It is called "the Tabernacle of the congregation," rather "of meeting", i. , where God promised to meet with Israel (Exodus 29:42 ); the "tabernacle of the testimony" (Exodus 38:21 ; Numbers 1:50 ), which does not, however, designate the whole structure, but only the enclosure which contained the "ark of the testimony" (Exodus 25:16,22 ; Numbers 9:15 ); the "tabernacle of witness" (Numbers 17:8 ); the "house of the Lord" (Deuteronomy 23:18 ); the "temple of the Lord" (Joshua 6:24 ); a "sanctuary" (Exodus 25:8 ). The people provided materials for the Tabernacle so abundantly that Moses was under the necessity of restraining them (36:6). ...
The Tabernacle was a rectangular enclosure, in length about 45 feet (i. ...
Internally it was divided by a veil into two chambers, the exterior of which was called the holy place, also "the sanctuary" (Hebrews 9:2 ) and the "first Tabernacle" (6); and the interior, the holy of holies, "the holy place," "the Holiest," the "second Tabernacle" (Exodus 28:29 ; Hebrews 9:3,7 ). The holy place was separated from the outer court which enclosed the Tabernacle by a curtain, which hung over the six pillars which stood at the east end of the Tabernacle, and by which it was entered. ...
The order as well as the typical character of the services of the Tabernacle are recorded in Hebrews 9 ; 10:19-22 . ...
The holy place was the western and larger chamber of the Tabernacle. ...
Round about the Tabernacle was a court, enclosed by curtains hung upon sixty pillars (Exodus 27:9-18 ). Within it were placed the altar of burnt offering, which measured 7 1/2 feet in length and breadth and 4 1/2 feet high, with horns at the four corners, and the laver of brass (Exodus 30:18 ), which stood between the altar and the Tabernacle. ...
The whole Tabernacle was completed in seven months. ...
The Tabernacle was so constructed that it could easily be taken down and conveyed from place to place during the wanderings in the wilderness. The first encampment of the Israelites after crossing the Jordan was at Gilgal, and there the Tabernacle remained for seven years (Joshua 4:19 ). It was afterwards removed to Shiloh (Joshua 18:1 ), where it remained during the time of the Judges, till the days of Eli, when the ark, having been carried out into the camp when the Israelites were at war with the Philistines, was taken by the enemy (1 Samuel 4 ), and was never afterwards restored to its place in the Tabernacle. The old Tabernacle erected by Moses in the wilderness was transferred to Nob (1 Samuel 21:1 ), and after the destruction of that city by Saul (22:9; 1 Chronicles 16:39,40 ), to Gibeon. A new Tabernacle was erected by David at Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:17 ; 1 Chronicles 16:1 ), and the ark was brought from Perez-uzzah and deposited in it (2 Samuel 6:8-17 ; 2 Chronicles 1:4 ). ...
The word thus rendered ('ohel) in Exodus 33:7 denotes simply a tent, probably Moses' own tent, for the Tabernacle was not yet erected
Tabernacle - The earth shall at last be the Tabernacle of God's glory, when He will Tabernacle with men (Revelation 21:3). As ohel represents the outward tent of black goats' hair curtains, so mishkan is the inner covering, the curtain immediately on the boards; the two are combined, "the Tabernacle of the tent" (Exodus 39:32; Exodus 40:2; Exodus 40:6; Exodus 40:29). "House" (bet ) applies to the Tabernacle when fixed in Canaan, Israel's inheritance; originally appearing in Beth-el; finally designating the church of the New Testament (1 Timothy 3:15. ) Qodesh and miqdash , "sanctuary," are applied to...
(1) the whole Tabernacle (Numbers 9:15-2307),...
(2) the court of the priests (Numbers 4:12), and...
(3) in the narrowest sense to the holy of holies (Leviticus 4:6). ...
The same Tabernacle was in the wilderness and in Shiloh; the external surroundings alone were changed (Psalms 78:60; Joshua 18:1; 1 Samuel 3:15). The three colors employed, blue, scarlet, and purple, were the royal colors and so best suited to the Tabernacle, the earthly palace of Jehovah. The three principal parts of the Tabernacle were the mishkan , "the DWELLING PLACE"; the tent, 'ohel ; the covering, mikseh . ) THE TENT was the great cloth of goats' hair, 44 cubits by 30, and five pillars overlaid with gold, and furnished with golden hooks (waw ), used as to the veil and the tent curtains; taches, "qeres ," belong to the Tabernacle cloth and the tent cloth of the sanctuary, Exodus 26:6; Exodus 26:33), from which hung the curtain that closed the entrance. The tent cloth was laid over the Tabernacle cloth so as to allow a cubit of tent cloth extending on each side in excess of the Tabernacle cloth; it extended two cubits at the back and front (Exodus 26:13; Exodus 36:9; Exodus 36:13). The roof angle was probably a right angle; then every measurement is a multiple of five cubits, except the width of the Tabernacle cloth, 21 cubits, and the length of the tent cloth, 44 cubits. Each side of the slope would be about 14 cubits, half the width of the Tabernacle cloth. The tent area (judging from the Tabernacle cloth) thus is 10 ft. Each chief measurement of the temple was just twice that of the Tabernacle. The holiest place, a square of ten cubits in the Tabernacle (according to inference), was 20 cubits in the temple; the holy place in each case was a corresponding double square. The porch, five cubits deep in the Tabernacle, was ten cubits in the temple; the side spaces, taking account of the thickness of the temple walls, were five cubits and ten cubits wide respectively; the Tabernacle ridge pole was 15 cubits high, that of the temple roof (the holy place) was 30 cubits (1 Kings 6:2). 3:6, section 4) confirms the view, making the Tabernacle consist of three parts: the holiest, the holy place, the entrance with its five pillars, the front being "like a gable and a porch. " Fergusson observes, "the description (Exodus 26 and Exodus 36) must have been written by one who had seen the Tabernacle standing; no one would have worked it out in such detail without ocular demonstration of the way in which the parts would fit together. " The brazen altar and the Tabernacle were the two grand objects within the court. The Tabernacle was Jehovah's "dwelling place" where He was to "meet" His people or their representatives (Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:42-43; Exodus 27:21; Exodus 28:12). "The Tabernacle (tent) of the congregation" (rather "of meeting" without the article) is in the full designation "the Tabernacle of the tent of meeting" (Exodus 40:2; Exodus 40:29), i. "The Tabernacle (tent) of the testimony" (i. As the Israelite theocracy was God's kingdom, so the Tabernacle was His palace, where the people had audience of God and whence He issued His commands, embodied in the testimony within the ark. The Tabernacle represents God dwelling in the midst of Israel, and Israel drawing nigh to God through atonement and with offerings, prayers, and praises. Christ's body is "the antitypical Tabernacle which the Lord pitched, not man" (Hebrews 8:2). Through His glorified body as the Tabernacle Christ passes into the heavenly holy of holies, God's immediate presence, where He intercedes for us. His manhood is the "tabernacle of meeting" between us and God, for we are members of His body (Ephesians 5:30). John 1:14, "the Word was made flesh and Tabernacled among us. The Tabernacle or temple is also a type of the church founded on Christ, the meeting place between God and man (Ephesians 2:18-22). As 10 (= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4) the number for completeness predominates in the Tabernacle itself, so five the half of ten, and the number for imperfection, predominates in the courts; four appearing in the perfect cube of the holiest expressed worldwide extension and divine order. The Tabernacle was fixed at Shiloh (Joshua 18:1). Then the ark was taken by the Philistines, and returned to Baale or Kirjath Jearim; then the Tabernacle was at Nob and Gibeon until the temple was built (1 Samuel 4; 1 Samuel 6; 1 Samuel 21:1; 1 Chronicles 13:5; 1 Chronicles 16:39; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Samuel 6:17). The Tabernacle was made in strict accordance with the pattern God revealed to Moses' mind; nothing was left to the taste and judgment of artificers (Exodus 25:9; Exodus 25:40). ) The sin as to the golden calf delayed the execution of the design of the Tabernacle. ...
Moses' own "tent" (not mishkam , "tabernacle") in this transition stage was pitched far off from the camp (to mark God's withdrawal from apostate Israel) as "the tent of meeting" provisionally, to which only Moses the mediator and his faithful minister Joshua were admitted (Exodus 33:3-11). The Tabernacle was now erected on the first day of the second year from the Exodus, no longer "far off," but in the midst of the camp. Israel was grouped round the royal Tabernacle of the unseen Captain of the host, in definite order, His bodyguards immediately around, the priests on the eastern side, the other three Levite families on the other three sides; Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, outside on the E. ...
The cloud, dark by day, fiery red by night, rested on the Tabernacle so long as Israel was to stay in the same encampment; it moved when Israel must move (Exodus 40:36-38; 1618063418_3). ...
As to the Levites' service (Numbers 3-4) of the Tabernacle, exact details as to the parts each family should carry on march are given, such as none but an eye-witness would detail. The Tabernacle with the camp of the Levites was to set forward between the second and third camps (Numbers 2:17); but Numbers 10 says after the first camp had set forward the Tabernacle was taken down, and the sons of Gershon and Merari set forward bearing the Tabernacle, and afterward the second camp or standard of Reuben. This seeming discrepancy is reconciled a few verses after: the Tabernacle's less sacred parts, the outside tent, etc. The reason was that those who bore the outside Tabernacle might set it up ready for receiving the sanctuary against its coming (Numbers 10:14-21)
Aho'Lah - (my Tabernacle ) two symbolical names, are described as harlots, the former representing Samaria and the latter Judah
Bezaleel - An artificer, endued by God with special skill for constructing and adorning the Tabernacle, Exodus 31:2 ; 35:30
Laver - kiyor), a "basin" for boiling in, a "pan" for cooking (1 Samuel 2:14 ), a "fire-pan" or hearth (Zechariah 12:6 ), the sacred wash-bowl of the Tabernacle and temple (Exodus 30:18,28 ; 31:9 ; 35:16 ; 38:8 ; 39:39 ; 40:7,11,30 , etc. That which was originally used in the Tabernacle was of brass (rather copper; Heb. It contained water wherewith the priests washed their hands and feet when they entered the Tabernacle (40:32). It stood in the court between the altar and the door of the Tabernacle (30:19,21)
Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament - The ceremony in which the priest removes the Sacred Host from the Tabernacle and places it on the altar for the adoration of the faithful. In public exposition the Sacred Host, having been removed from the Tabernacle, is placed in a monstrance and elevated above the altar-table, usually in a niche above the Tabernacle proper. In private exposition the priest merely opens the Tabernacle and draws to its door the ciborium containing the Hosts for Holy Communion
Tabernacle, the - This is variously styled the 'tabernacle of testimony, or of witness,' the 'tabernacle of the congregation,' or 'tent of meeting. ...
The Tabernacle with its sacrifices was God's way of displaying Himself, and His way for man's approach to Himself. Any one drawing near to the Tabernacle would see first its court, a space enclosed with curtains hanging from pillars. The holy (place), or 'first Tabernacle' refers to the things of Israel. ...
| |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| |...
| | | |...
| | ARK | |...
| | |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| | |...
| | | | | |...
| | Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯ | |...
| | | |...
| |Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨ | |...
| | | |...
| | GOLDEN ALTAR | |...
| | |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| | |...
| | | | | |...
| | Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯ | |...
| | TABLE OF | |...
| | GOLDEN |Â¯Â¯Â¯| | |...
| | |Â¯Â¯| | | | |...
| | | | | | | |...
| | | | | | | |...
| | CANDLESTICK | | | |...
| | SHOWBREAD | |...
| | | |...
| Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨Â¨ |...
| LAVER |...
| ( ) |...
| |Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯| |...
| | BRAZEN | |...
| | ALTAR | |...
| | | |...
| Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯Â¯ |...
PLAN OF THE Tabernacle. ...
(Not to scale)...
The Tabernacle was a rectangle, measuring ten cubits in breadth, and thirty cubits in length, which was divided into ten cubits for the holy of holies and twenty for the holy (place). If the whole Tabernacle be taken as typical of Christ, then the gold and the wood may point to His divinity and His humanity, or the gold may be taken as typical of divine righteousness. There were three distinct parts in the entire covering: the Tabernacle, the tent, and the covering. The inner curtains, which were of such widths that the junctions of each set did not fall in the same place as the one next to it, formed the Tabernacle (mishkan ); the set of curtains of goats' hair were the tent (ohel ) of the Tabernacle (see TENT); and the rams' skins and badgers' skins formed the covering (mikseh ). Exodus 25 — Exodus 27 gives God's approach to man; Exodus 28 - Exodus 30 , man's approach to God; and Exodus 35 — Exodus 40 the gifts for the Tabernacle and its construction. ...
The Tabernacle as a whole may be said to typify ...
1. Much light is thrown on the Tabernacle in the Epistle to the Hebrews, but what is there taught presents often a contrast rather than a comparison to what pertained to the earthly Tabernacle. ...
The Tabernacle may also be considered as God's house, and thus a type of the saints in their present place. In Revelation 21 , after alluding to the kingdom and the eternal state, the Spirit goes back to the thought of the Tabernacle. ...
The Tabernacle was carried about during the forty years in the wilderness (see CAMP), and when the Israelites entered the land it was apparently placed first at Gilgal. The ark was taken by the Philistines and was not returned to the Tabernacle; nor, when David removed the ark, did he restore it to the Tabernacle, but placed it on Mount Zion. We next read of the Tabernacle as being at Nob. When the temple was built, the Tabernacle was brought up, with the ark and the holy vessels. The Tabernacle gave place to the house, the latter glory of which will yet be greater than ever. ...
Amid the coming judgements, we read of "the temple  of the Tabernacle of the testimony" being opened in heaven, and out of the temple proceed the seven angels having the seven vials
Laver - The Old Testament describes the lavers used in the Tabernacle and in Solomon's Temple. The bronze laver of the Tabernacle was constructed from metal mirrors provided by the women who ministered at the Tabernacle entrance (Exodus 38:8 )
Altars of the Tabernacle - The altar of holocaust was within the court of the Tabernacle to the east of the entrance. The altar of incense, used for incense offerings in the Old Law, was within the Tabernacle
Tabernacle - Two compound phrases (ohel moed and ohel haeduth are used in the Bible to designate this tent: “the Tabernacle of the congregation” ( Exodus 29:42 ,Exodus 29:42,29:44 ), literally the “tent of meeting” (NRSV, NIV, NAS, REB) and “the Tabernacle of witness” (Numbers 17:7 ) or “tent of witness. The basic Hebrew term (mishkan ) translated as “tabernacle” (Exodus 25:9 ) comes from a verb which means “to dwell. ”...
The Old Testament mentions three tents or Tabernacles. First, after the sin of the golden calf at Mount Sinai the “provisional” Tabernacle was established outside the camp and called the “tent of meeting” (Exodus 33:7 ). Second, the “Sinaitic” Tabernacle was built in accordance with directions given to Moses by God (Exodus 25-40 ). Third, the “Davidic” Tabernacle was erected in Jerusalem for the reception of the ark (2 Samuel 6:17 ). It apparently formed the headquarters of the camp until the building of the “Sinaitic” Tabernacle. It may have borne its appropriate name from the first, or perhaps Moses used the name from the instructions which he received regarding the permanent Tabernacle (Exodus 27:21 ). This tent was cared for by Joshua (Exodus 33:11 ), while Aaron was responsible for the Tabernacle (Leviticus 10:7 ). The cloud descended on this tent when Moses came to inquire of God, but the cloud stayed on the permanent Tabernacle and the glory of the Lord filled it so Moses could not enter it (Exodus 40:34-35 ,Exodus 40:34-35,40:38 ). ...
The center of attention in the wilderness narratives is the Tabernacle with rich decorations, curtains, bread of the presence, ark, lights, and altar. The camp of Israel has this Tabernacle as its center (Numbers 2:1 ). ...
“There will I meet with the children of Israel, and the Tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory
Ahis'Amach - (brother of help ), a Danite, father of Aholiab one of the architects of the Tabernacle
Vayikra - The third of the Five Books of Moses, describes the inauguration of the Tabernacle, and contains many of the mitzvot, including the laws of sacrifices
Aho'li-ab - a Danite of great skill as a weaver and embroiderer, whom Moses appointed with Bezaleel to erect the Tabernacle
Table - For ‘Table of Shewbread’ see Shewbread, Tabernacle, Â§ 6 ( a ), Temple, Â§Â§ 5 , 9 , 12
East - The gate to the Tabernacle was on the east side and so was the door to the Tabernacle
Bezalel - Chosen by G-d to be chief architect and builder of the Tabernacle together with Oholiab the son of Ahisamach
Fillets - Ornamental bands or borders of gold and silver round the pillars of the Tabernacle and Temple
Leviticus - the Book of: The third of the Five Books of Moses, describes the inauguration of the Tabernacle, and contains many of the mitzvot, including the laws of sacrifices
Habitation - ...
5: σκηνή (Strong's #4633 — Noun Feminine — skene — skay-nay' ) akin to skenoo, "to dwell in a tent or Tabernacle," is rendered "habitations" in Luke 16:9 , AV (RV, "tabernacles"), of the eternal dwelling places of the redeemed. See Tabernacle. 5), is used of the Temple as God's dwelling, as that which David desired to build, Acts 7:46 (RV, "habitation," AV, "tabernacle"); metaphorically of the body as a temporary Tabernacle, 2 Peter 1:13,14 . See Tabernacle
Tabernacle - 1: σκηνή (Strong's #4633 — Noun Feminine — skene — skay-nay' ) "a tent, booth, Tabernacle," is used of (a) tents as dwellings, Matthew 17:4 ; Mark 9:5 ; Luke 9:33 ; Numbers 29:35-381 , AV, "tabernacles" (RV, "tents"); (b) the Mosaic Tabernacle, Acts 7:44 ; Hebrews 8:5 ; 9:1 (in some mss. , where the people were called to meet God), a preferable description to "the Tabernacle of the congregation," as in the AV in the OT; the outer part, Hebrews 9:2,6 ; the inner sanctuary, Hebrews 9:3 ; (c) the heavenly prototype, Hebrews 8:2 ; 9:11 ; Revelation 13:6 ; 15:5 ; 21:3 (of its future descent); (d) the eternal abodes of the saints, Luke 16:9 , RV, "tabernacles" (AV, "habitations"); (e) the Temple in Jerusalem, as continuing the service of the Tabernacle, Hebrews 13:10 ; (f) the house of David, i. 1, is used metaphorically of the body as the "tabernacle" of the soul, 2 Corinthians 5:1,4 . 1, and pegnumi, "to fix"), represents the word "tabernacles" in "the feast of Tabernacles," John 7:2 . This feast, one of the three Pilgrimage Feasts in Israel, is called "the feast of ingathering" in Exodus 23:16 ; 34:22 ; it took place at the end of the year, and all males were to attend at the "tabernacle" with their offerings. Nehemiah 8:14-18 ), it is called "the feast of Tabernacles" (or "booths," sukkoth), and was appointed for seven days at Jerusalem from the 15th to the 22nd Tishri (approximately October), to remind the people that their fathers dwelt in these in the wilderness journeys. ...
Note: For skenoo, "to spread a Tabernacle over," Revelation 7:15 , RV, see DWELL , No
Tabernacle - Tabernacle, Exodus 25:9, literally means "a tent. The command to erect a Tabernacle is recorded in Exodus 25:8; and in that place, and in Exodus 29:42-43; Exodus 29:45, the special purpose is declared for which it was to be made. And so we find the various names of it, the "tent," Exodus 26:11-12; the "tabernacle," dwelling or habitation, Exodus 26:13; the "tent of meeting," Exodus 29:43, for so the words should be rendered; the "tent of the testimony" or "tabernacle of witness," Numbers 9:15; Numbers 17:7; Numbers 18:2; the "house of the Lord," Deuteronomy 23:18; Joshua 9:23; Judges 18:31; all these appelations pointing to the covenant-purpose of God. And the Tabernacle was to be built according to the pattern given of God. And so the Tabernacle was an oblong square or rectangle, 30 cubits (45 feet or perhaps 50 feet) long, ten cubits in breadth and in height. These were to protect the Tabernacle from the weather. The east end or entrance of the Tabernacle had also a large curtain suspended from five gilded acacia pillars set in sockets of brass or copper. Round about the Tabernacle was an open court into which the people were admitted, 100 cubits in length and 50 broad. Immediately opposite the entrance was the great altar of burnt offering; and between that and the door of the Tabernacle was the laver. The Tabernacle was completed in about nine months: and as the people offered most liberally, Exodus 36:5, it was a costly structure: the value of the materials being estimated at $1,000,000. David seems to have constructed a second Tabernacle to receive the ark when it was brought to Jerusalem
Lamp, Altar - A lamp kept continuously burning before the Tabernacle
Selvedge - (ssehl' vehdge) KJV translation of Hebrew term for the end, edge, border, or corner (Exodus 26:4 ; Exodus 36:11 ), apparently referring to the outermost curtain of the Tabernacle
Altar Lamp - A lamp kept continuously burning before the Tabernacle
Aholiab - Tent of the father, an artist of the tribe of Dan, appointed to the work of preparing materials for the Tabernacle (Exodus 31:6 ; 35:34 ; 36:1,2 ; 38:23 )
Censer - It probably was also used for carrying live coals employed in connection with worship in the Tabernacle or the Temple, each priest having one (compare Numbers 16:17-18 ). See Containers and Vessels ; Tabernacle ; Temple
Soc , properly an enclosed place, also rendered "tabernacle," "covert" and "den;" once only "pavilion. ) ...
Succah , Usually "tabernacle" and "booth
Rams' Skins - These, dyed red, formed a covering for the Tabernacle, over which were placed badgers' skins, q
Hanging - masak, (a) before the entrance to the court of the Tabernacle ( Exodus 35:17 ); (b) before the door of the Tabernacle (26:36,37); (c) before the entrance to the most holy place, called "the veil of the covering" (35:12; 39:34), as the word properly means. kelaim, tapestry covering the walls of the Tabernacle (Exodus 27:9 ; 35:17 ; Numbers 3:26 ) to the half of the height of the wall (Exodus 27:18 ; comp 26:16)
Merarites - They with the Gershonites and the Kohathites had charge of the Tabernacle, which they had to carry from place to place (Numbers 3:20,33-37 ; 4:29-33 ). In the distribution of the oxen and waggons offered by the princes (Numbers 7 ), Moses gave twice as many to the Merarites (four waggons and eight oxen) as he gave to the Gershonites, because the latter had to carry only the lighter furniture of the Tabernacle, such as the curtains, hangings, etc. Their place in marching and in the camp was on the north of the Tabernacle
Sanctuary - both to the Tabernacle and to the temple as a whole, and to the 'holy ' and 'most holy' in distinction from the other parts: "Thy way, O God, is in the sanctuary. also the word sanctuary is applied to the holy and most holy parts of the Tabernacle. Here it is called 'worldly,' (κοσμικός) in reference possibly to its order, and its contrast to the true Tabernacle which the Lord pitched, and not man
Nadab - During the inauguration of the Tabernacle, he and his bother Abihu entered the Holy of Holies with an unauthorized incense offering
Aholibah - Aholibah (a-hŏl'i-bah or a-hô'li-bah), my Tabernacle is in her
Abihu - During the inauguration of the Tabernacle, he and his bother Nadab entered the Holy of Holies with an unauthorized incense offering
Tabernacle - Thus, Eliphas adviseth Job to put away iniquity from his Tabernacles. (Job 22:23) But in a much higher sense than every other, Christ's human nature is said to be the true Tabernacle which "the Lord pitched, and not man. " (Hebrews 8:2) And as this view of the word Tabernacle throws aside the consideration of every other; so doth the contemplation of this furnish a subject of everlasting pleasure and delight. ...
The Holy Ghost by the apostle informs the church, that this Tabernacle of the human nature of Christ was the dwelling place of JEHOVAH. What a blessed soul-refreshing view of the Lord Jesus as JEHOVAH'S Tabernacle, is this!...
And what endears it yet more is, that the Holy Ghost immediately adds in the following Scripture, concerning the church's interest and completeness in him, "And ye are complete in him. " (Colossians 2:10) Founded in his marvellous person, the church hath her Tabernacle in Christ Jesus, her resting place, her sure portion for grace here, and glory for ever. Behold Jesus, (yea thy Jesus, if so be united to him by the Holy Ghost) in his mediatorial fulness as the Tabernacle of JEHOVAH. Oh, the blessedness of that Tabernacle, "which the Lord pitched, and not man!"...
Loop - A knotted "eye" of cord, corresponding to the "taches" or knobs in the edges of the curtains of the Tabernacle, for joining them into a continuous circuit, fifty to a curtain (Exodus 26:4,5,10,11 )
Laver - This appertained to the Tabernacle and the temple. It was placed between the Tabernacle and the brazen altar, and the priests were required to wash their hands and their feet when they approached for any service. In the Tabernacle it was hands as well as feet that were to be washed, because there it was service, as well as the sphere of their walk. ...
The laver for the Tabernacle was made of the brazen mirrors given by the women. It was used for the same purpose as the laver of the Tabernacle; but in the temple there were also ten smaller lavers at which the sacrifices were washed
Shittah-Tree - Shittah wood was employed in making the various parts of the Tabernacle in the wilderness, and must therefore have been indigenous in the desert in which the Israelites wandered. A slightly different form of the tree, equally common under the name of Seyal , Is the ancient 'shittah,' or, as more usually expressed in the plural form, the 'shittim,' of which the Tabernacle was made
Cherubim - From the images that were made for the Tabernacle and the temple, it seems that cherubim (plural of cherub) were winged creatures of some heavenly angelic order. In Israel’s Tabernacle, two cherubim images were attached to the lid of the ark of the covenant in the Most Holy Place. ...
Craftsmen who worked on the ornamentation of the Tabernacle and the temple included cherubim in many of their designs. Cherubim were pictured on the coverings and curtains of the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:1; Exodus 26:31), the walls of the temple (1 Kings 6:29; cf
Laver - A vessel for washing a large basin in scripture history, a basin placed in the court of the Jewish Tabernacle, where the officiating priests washed their hands and feet and the entrails of victims
Vail, Veil - ’ See Dress, Â§ 5 ( b ); also Tabernacle, Â§ 5 ( d ), and Temple, Â§Â§ 9
Aholiab - An artificer of the tribe of Dan employed with Bezaleel in the construction of the Tabernacle
Tache - ) Exodus 26:6; Exodus 26:33, qeres , used only as to the Tabernacle cloth and the tent cloth; but "hook," waw , is used only of the veil and of the tent curtain
Sanctuary Lamp - The light that is kept burning, usually suspended in the middle of the sanctuary, before the Tabernacle in which the Blessed Sacrament is reserved. According to present ecclesiastical legislation, at least one lamp must burn continually before the Tabernacle; several may be used, but their number should be uneven
Exodus - the Book of: The second of the Five Books of Moses, relates the story of the Israelites' slavery in Egypt, their Exodus, the Giving of the Torah, the sin of the Golden Calf, and the construction of the Tabernacle
Altar in Scripture - , those of Noe and Abraham, altars erected for the worship of idols, altars of holocaust and of incense, of the Tabernacle and of the Temple, and the altar described in the Apocalypse
Taches - Some form of fastening with which the curtains of the Tabernacle and of the tent were coupled together, as is often done with a hook and a loop, so that they could be easily separated
Scripture, Altar in - , those of Noe and Abraham, altars erected for the worship of idols, altars of holocaust and of incense, of the Tabernacle and of the Temple, and the altar described in the Apocalypse
Tabernacle - The Tabernacle was the tent of Jehovah, called by the same name as the tents of the people in the midst of which it stood. It was also called the sanctuary and the Tabernacle of the congregation. The first ordinance given to Moses, after the proclamation of the outline of the law from Sinai, related to the ordering of the Tabernacle, its furniture and its service as the type which was to be followed when the people came to their own home and "found a place" for the abode of God. THE Tabernacle ITSELF. It was often called tent or Tabernacle from its external appearance. " (e) Oil, spices and incense for anointing the priests and burning in the Tabernacle. --The Tabernacle was to comprise three main parts, --the Tabernacle more strictly so called, its tent and its covering. The Tabernacle itself was to consist of curtains of fine linen woven with colored figures of cherubim, and a structure of boards which was to contain the holy place and the most holy place; the tent was to be a true tent of goat's hair cloth, to contain and shelter the Tabernacle; the covering was to be of red ram-skins and seal-skins, (Exodus 25:5 ) and was spread over the goat's hair tent as an additional protection against the weather. The former was the holy place , or first Tabernacle , ( Hebrews 9:2 ) containing the golden candlestick on one side, the table of shew-bread opposite, and between them in the centre the altar of incense. It seems probable that the ends of this set of curtains hung down within the Tabernacle, forming a sumptuous tapestry. It has been commonly supposed that these coverings were thrown over the wall, as a pall is thrown over a coffin; but this would have allowed every drop of rain that fell on the Tabernacle to fall through; for, however tightly the curtains might be stretched, the water could never run over the edge, and the sheep-skins would only make the matter worse as when wetted their weight would depress the centre and probably tear any curtain that could be made. THE SACRED FURNITURE AND INSTRUMENTS OF THE Tabernacle. THE COURT OF THE Tabernacle, in which the Tabernacle itself stood, was an oblong space, 100 cubits by 50 (i. In the outer or east half of the court was placed the altar of burnt offering, and between it and the Tabernacle itself; the laver at which the priests washed their hands and feet on entering the temple. The Tabernacle itself was placed toward the west end of this enclosure. --"The Tabernacle, as the place in which Jehovah dwelt, was pitched in the centre of the camp, (Numbers 2:2 ) as the tent of a leader always is in the East; for Jehovah was the Captain of Israel. (Joshua 5:14,15 ) During the marches of Israel, the Tabernacle was still in the centre. (Joshua 3:11-16 ) Upon the Tabernacle, abode always the cloud, dark by day and fiery red by night, (Exodus 10:38 ) giving the signal for the march, (Exodus 40:36,37 ; Numbers 9:17 ) and the halt. (Numbers 11:24,25 ; 12:4 ; 14:10 ; 16:19,42 ; 20:6 ; 27:2 ; 31:14) "During the conquest of Canaan the Tabernacle at first moved from place to place, (Joshua 4:19 ; 8:30-35 ; 9:6 ; 10:15 ) was finally located at Shiloh. (1 Samuel 4:22 ) From this time forward the glory of the Tabernacle was gone. When the ark was recovered, it was removed to Jerusalem, and placed in a new Tabernacle (2 Samuel 6:17 ; 1 Chronicles 15:1 ) but the old structure still had its hold on the veneration of the community and the old altar still received their offerings. (1 Chronicles 16:39 ; 21:29 ) It was not till the temple was built, and a fitting house thus prepared for the Lord, that the ancient Tabernacle was allowed to perish and be forgotten. As we are taught in the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Tabernacle was part of a great system of teaching by object-lessons, and of training the world to understand and receive the great truths which were to be revealed in Jesus Christ and thus really to save the Jews from sin By Jesus dimly seen in the future, as we clearly see him in the past. (1) The Tabernacle and its services enabled the Jews, who had no visible representation of God, to feel the reality of God and of religion. (2) The Tabernacle as the most beautiful and costly object in the nation and ever in the centre of the camp, set forth the truth that religion was the central fact and the most important, in a persons life. (4) The altar of burnt offering, standing before the Tabernacle was a perpetual symbol of the atonement,--the greatness of sin, deserving death, hard to be removed and yet forgiveness possible, and offered freely, but only through blood. (6) This altar stood outside of the Tabernacle, and must be passed before we come to the Tabernacle itself; a type of the true religious life. Before the Tabernacle was also the laver, signifying the same thing that baptism does with us, the cleansing of the heart and life
Pitch - prospegnumi, Acts 2:23 , of crucifixion), is used of "pitching" a tent; in Hebrews 8:2 , of the "true Tabernacle," the heavenly and spiritual, which "the Lord pitched
Shemot - �names�); the Book of Exodus ...
Shemot: The second of the Five Books of Moses, relates the story of the Israelites' slavery in Egypt, their Exodus, the Giving of the Torah, the sin of the Golden Calf, and the construction of the Tabernacle
Stacte - The gum of the storax tree which was combined with onycha, galbanum, and frankincense to make the incense to be burned in the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:34 )
Shittah Tree - , of the Jewish Tabernacle were made; - now believed to have been the wood of the Acacia Seyal, which is hard, fine grained, and yellowish brown in color
Hangings - Μasak , "the covering before the door (rather 'the curtain for the entrance,' so KJV distinguishes the words rightly at Numbers 3:26) of the Tabernacle" (Exodus 26:36-37); of variegated stuff "wrought with needlework" ("the work of' the embroiderer"), hung on five pillars of acacia wood; the curtain, unlike the hangings at the sides and back of the court, could be drawn up or aside at pleasure. Qelaim , hangings of fine twined linen for the walls of the court of the Tabernacle, like our tapestry (Exodus 27:9)
Shekinah - ) The visible majesty of the Divine Presence, especially when resting or dwelling between the cherubim on the mercy seat, in the Tabernacle, or in the Temple of Solomon; - a term used in the Targums and by the later Jews, and adopted by Christians
Aholibah - The name signifies 'my tent or Tabernacle is in her
Court - chatser ), an open enclosure surrounded by buildings, applied in the Authorized Version most commonly to the enclosures of the Tabernacle and the temple
Tabernacle - (σκηνή, tabernaculum)...
Tabernacle is the name given in the English Bible, since the time of Wyclif, to the moving sanctuary which, according to the OT priestly writers, was prepared by Moses as the place of worship of the Israelites during their wanderings in the wilderness. This Tabernacle, which is described with elaborate detail in Exodus 25-31, and which supplies the writer of Hebrews with the premisses of his great argument, is now almost universally regarded as a post-Exilic product of the Hebrew religious imagination, working upon a foundation of historical fact. Suggested by the Divine promise to Israel, ‘My dwelling shall be with them’ (Ezekiel 37:27)-where ‘dwelling’ (מִשְׁכֶּן) gives the literal sense of the word usually rendered by ‘tabernacle’-it was an attempt to give ideal expression, by outward and visible symbols, to a people’s faith in the real presence of God. Various allusions to the Tabernacle are found in the apostolic writings. ’ Never referring to the Temple, always to the Tabernacle, he lingers over the description of ‘the vessels of the ministry’ (Hebrews 9:21), entering into details which would have been superfluous had he been writing merely to Jewish readers. His philosophical presupposition, or view of the world, is the Platonic and Philonic one, that heaven is the place of realities, while earth is the place of shadows; and his central doctrine is that Christ, having, as a ‘minister of the true Tabernacle (ἡ σκηνὴ ἡ ἀληθινή), which the Lord pitched, not man’ (Hebrews 8:2), entered within the veil, has won for every Christian the right of personal access to God. Holding, like the most enlightened Israelites before him, that the Mosaic ordinances were no more than Divinely appointed ceremonial forms, and asserting the spiritual ineffectiveness of the whole ritual, even of the supreme sacrifice of the Day of Atonement, he declares ‘the first Tabernacle’ (Hebrews 9:6; Hebrews 9:8), though made in all things according to a heavenly pattern (τύπον, Hebrews 8:5), to be superseded by ‘a greater and more perfect Tabernacle’ (Hebrews 9:11), and the Levitical priesthood by ‘a more excellent ministry’ (διαφορωτέρα λειτουργία, Hebrews 8:6). The writer of the Fourth Gospel illustrates the Incarnation by saying that the Logos Tabernacled (ἐσκήνωσεν) among us (John 1:14). The author of the Revelation depicts the final state of Messianic happiness in the words: ‘Behold, the Tabernacle (σκηνή) of God is with men, and he shall dwell (σκηνώσει) with them’ (John 21:3). That was no more than a linguistic fancy, Shekinah being really derived from the same verb as mishkan, ‘tabernacle. Kennedy, articles ‘Tabernacle’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) and Encyclopaedia Britannica 11
Shittim Wood, Shittah Tree - The wood was extensively used in building the Tabernacle, and the ark, the table of showbread, and the altars were also made of the same. Livingstone judged that for the Tabernacle the A
Tabernacle - The structure referred to in Scripture as the Tabernacle was the center of the worship of Yahweh by the people of Israel from shortly after the exodus until it was replaced by Solomon's temple around 960 b. The term "tabernacle" is sometimes used to refer to one part of a larger complex: the tent-like structure that stood within a court enclosed by linen curtains. Even more important, the Tabernacle and the sacrificial system connected with it are understood by the Bible to be richly symbolic of truths concerning God and the possibility of human fellowship with him. ...
The first references to the Tabernacle appear in Exodus 25 , where Moses begins to receive the instructions for making this structure. Then, after a three-chapter interlude dealing with the golden calf episode and its aftermath, chapter 35 resumes the story of the Tabernacle, reporting how the complex was built. The report carries on through chapter 40, where the book reaches its climactic conclusion with God's glory filling the Tabernacle. ...
Part of the significance of the Tabernacle is seen through the placement of this block of material in the Book of Exodus. The book contains three segments: chapters 1-15, the account of the deliverance from Egypt, culminating in the Red Sea crossing; chapters 16-24, the account of the journey to Sinai, culminating in the sealing of the covenant; and chapters 25-40, the account of the building of the Tabernacle, culminating in its being filled with the glory of God. This is the significance of the title "tabernacle (or "tent, " Heb. ohel [33:7), the phrase aptly sums up the function of the Tabernacle. ...
The incident of the golden calf, which is reported between the instructions for the Tabernacle and its building, highlights both the significance and function of the Tabernacle. The golden calf could hardly compare to the Tabernacle. In the Tabernacle there was beauty of design, color, texture, and shape. ...
Beyond a tangible representation of the presence of God, the Tabernacle also is intended to teach by visual means the theological principles whereby that presence is possible. ...
Then, how is it possible for us to come into that Presence which is life itself? The Tabernacle shows the way. But in Israel's Tabernacle this is where God was understood to feed his people (Psalm 23:5 ). So what was in the innermost space of the Tabernacle? A box! We usually refer to the object with the a. Here was the perfect sacrifice! Here was the one to whom the sacrificial system and the Tabernacle pointed. He realized that the Tabernacle and the sacrificial system were simply symbolic of an eternal reality. The language used there might suggest that the author thought the earthly Tabernacle was a copy of an eternal heavenly one. The author is saying that the earthly Tabernacle and the sacrifices offered there are representative of eternal, spiritual truth: the all-sufficiency of the sacrifice of Christ for all eternity. The Tabernacle represents truth, not some other material entity. That the writer of Hebrews knows this is evident in 9:25-26, where he shows that Christ is not being continually sacrificed in some heavenly reality, but that he died once for all here on earth, and so here fulfilled what the Tabernacle was all about. Kiene, The Tabernacle of God in the Wilderness of Sinai ; M. Levine, The Tabernacle: Its Structure and Utensils ; S. Olford, The Tabernacle: Camping with God ; S. Ridout, Lectures on the Tabernacle ; A. Simpson, Christ in the Tabernacle
Tabernacle - The Tabernacle was the structure ordered built by God so that He might dwell among His people (Exo 27:1-2199). In all of scripture more space is devoted to the Tabernacle than any other topic. Many books have been written on the spiritual significance of the Tabernacle, how it represented Christ, and how it foretold the gospel. The Tabernacle consisted of the outer court and the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle stood within the court (Exodus 26:1ff. ...
The Tabernacle was a place of sacrifice
Knob - An ornamental detail on the seven-branched lampstand in the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:31-36 , KJV's knop; RSV's capital; NRSV's calyx; NIV's buds)
Aholiab - Son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, "an engraver, and a cunning workman and an embroiderer," in whom God put wisdom, that he might take the oversight with Bezaleel of the formation of the Tabernacle
Basin - Among the smaller vessels for the Tabernacle or temple service, many must have been required to receive from the sacrificial victims the blood to be sprinkled for purification
Ger'Shonites, the, - "THE GERSH0NITE," as applied to individuals, occurs in (1 Chronicles 26:21 ) The sons of Gershon (the Gershonites) had charge of the fabrics of the Tabernacle--the coverings, curtains, hangings and cords
Shiloh - ” About thirty miles north of Jerusalem sat the city which would be Israel's religious center for over a century after the conquest, being the home of Israel's Tabernacle (Joshua 18:1 ). See Tabernacle . Perhaps when Israel chose a spot for the Tabernacle, Shiloh was available for Joshua to use as the place to allot land to the tribes ( Joshua 18:1 ). ...
Tribal annual pilgrimages to the Tabernacle set the scene for another incident in Shiloh. At the Tabernacle, Hannah vowed to the Lord that if He would give her a son she would give him back to God (1 Samuel 1:1 ). ...
Centuries later, Jeremiah used Shiloh and the Tabernacle as illustrations to warn Jerusalem that it was not safe merely because it housed the Temple (Jeremiah 7:12-14 )
Sanctuary - Specifically, the Tabernacle and the Temple in Jerusalem were revered as sanctuaries
Spoon - KJV translation for the dish in which incense was burned in the Tabernacle and Temple (Numbers 7:14 )
Eldad - He with Medad did not go with the rest to the Tabernacle, but prophesied in the camp
Shittim-Wood - reads "acacia," was much used in constructing and furnishing the Tabernacle
Remphan - Amos 5:26 , upbraids the Hebrews with having carried, during their wanderings in the wilderness, the Tabernacle of their Moloch and Chiun, their images, the star of their god, which they made to themselves, according to our version of the Bible. Stephen, quoting this passage of Amos, says, "Ye took up the Tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan," Acts 7:43 , which has given occasion to a variety of conjectures
Congregation - (Numbers 11:16 ) Occasionally indeed the whole body of people was assembled at the door of the Tabernacle, hence usually called the Tabernacle of the congregation
Dissension - 1: στάσις (Strong's #4714 — Noun Feminine — stasis — stas'-is ) akin to histemi, "to stand," denotes (a) "a standing, stability," Hebrews 9:8 , "(while as the first Tabernacle) is yet standing;" (b) "an insurrection, uproar," Mark 15:7 ; Luke 23:19,25 ; Acts 19:40 ; 24:5 ; (c) "a dissension," Acts 15:2 ; 23:7,10
Aholah - Ezekiel uses this name, signifying 'her own tent or Tabernacle,' for a symbolical harlot to represent Samaria, upon whom he charges gross profligacy: only to be exceeded by Aholibah, her yet more guilty sister Jerusalem
Hanging, Hangings -
The "hanging" was a curtain or 'covering' to close an entrance; one was placed before the door of the Tabernacle. Exodus 26:36,37 ; 39:38 ...
The "hangings"; were used for covering, the walls of the court of the Tabernacles just as tapestry is used in modern times
Sacrament House - A Tabernacle usually situated on the north or Gospel side of a church outside the sanctuary
Tabernacle - This is usually called the Tabernacle of the congregation, or tent of assembly, and sometimes the Tabernacle of the testimony. ...
The Tabernacle was of an oblong rectangular form, thirty cubits long, ten broad, and ten in height, Exodus 26. The Tabernacle thus erected was covered with four different kinds of curtains. We have already said that the east end of the Tabernacle had no boards, but only five pillars of shittim wood; it was therefore closed with a richly embroidered curtain suspended from these pillars, Exodus 27:16 . The interior of the Tabernacle was thus divided, it is generally supposed, in the same proportions as the temple afterwards built according to its model; two-thirds of the whole length being allotted to the first room, or the Holy Place, and one-third to the second, or Most Holy Place. ...
The Tabernacle thus described stood in an open space or court of an oblong form, one hundred cubits in length, and fifty in breadth, situated due east and west, Exodus 27:18 . This altar was placed in a line between the door of the court and the door of the Tabernacle, but nearer the former, Exodus 40:6,29 ; the laver stood the altar of burnt-offering and the door of the Tabernacle, Exodus 38:8 . ...
But although the Tabernacle was surrounded by the court, there is no reason to think that it stood in the center of it. We now proceed to notice the furniture which the Tabernacle contained. ...
The gold and silver employed in decorating the Tabernacle are estimated at not less than a million of dollars. ...
We should not omit to observe, that the Tabernacle was so constructed as to be taken to pieces and put together again, as occasion required. As often as Israel removed, the Tabernacle was taken to pieces by the priests, closely covered, and borne in regular order by the Levites, Numbers 4:1-49 . Wherever they encamped, it was pitched in the midst of their tents, which were set up in a quadrangular form, under their respective standards, at a distance from the Tabernacle of two thousand cubits; while Moses and Aaron, with the priests and Levites, occupied a place between them. ...
How long this Tabernacle existed we do not know. In 2 Samuel 6:17 , and 1 Chronicles 15:1 , it is said that David had prepared and pitched a Tabernacle in Jerusalem for the ark, which before had long been at Kirjath-jearim, and then in the house of Obed-edom, 1 Chronicles 13:6,142 Samuel 6:11,12 . In 1 Chronicles 21:29 , it is said that the Tabernacle of Moses was still at Gibeon at that time; and it would therefore seem that the ark had long been separated from it. The Tabernacle still remained at Gibeon in the time of Solomon, who sacrificed before it, 2 Chronicles 1:3,13 . This is the last mention made of it; for apparently the Tabernacle brought with the ark into the temple, 2 Chronicles 5:5 , was the tent in which the ark had been kept on Zion, 2 Chronicles 1:4 5:2 . ...
Feast of Tabernacles
Oil - ...
Oil was used as a commodity of trade or personal income, for various kinds of common daily consumption (as part of the bread diet in Tabernacle grain offerings, as fuel for lamps in the Tabernacle, or homes, as a lubricant for one's hair and skin, sometimes with a special sense of honor, as an aromatic substance, as a medication, or in healing contexts, for royal and religious ritual procedures (see below), and in figurative expressions (e. The same idea is present in the consecration of the Tabernacle and especially the priesthood. It was limited to particular uses in the Tabernacle (vv. First, Moses was to use this oil to anoint the whole Tabernacle, all its furniture (even the ark of the covenant), and all the vessels used therein (vv. The "will be" translation would mean that any person or thing that touched the altar (or other anointed parts of the Tabernacle) would contract holiness therefrom as if "holiness" were contagious. ...
Second, Moses was to use this oil to anoint the priests and thereby consecrate them to minister in the consecrated Tabernacle (v. In this way they would become "holy" (Leviticus 21:6,8 ) and could therefore come in direct contact with the "most holy" Tabernacle, its furniture, and its vessels (see above). This created a grading effect so that the Tabernacle, its furniture, and its vessels were "most holy" and could be touched only by the "holy" priests. The priests therefore became the mediators that stood between the "common" people and the immediate presence and holiness of God in the Tabernacle. , the "holy" men) but they could not come in contact with the "most holy" parts of the Tabernacle that had been anointed with the "sacred anointing oil
Leviticus, Theology of - ...
In the final chapter of Exodus, Moses sets up and prepares the Tabernacle for the Lord (40:1-33), leading directly to his habitation there in the form of the "cloud" of his "glory" that had fire in it by night. These two descriptions of the glory cloud and fire form an envelope around the Tabernacle-related legislation in Leviticus 1:1 -Numbers 1:1-9:14 . He was "present" there in the Tabernacle, manifesting his glory in cloud and fire. , 8:15,34, the Tabernacle and the priests ). On the one hand, chapters 1-16 deal primarily with consecrating and cleansing the Tabernacle itself. On the other hand, while chapters 17-27 continue to show concern for the holiness and purity of the Tabernacle, the focus broadens to encompass the whole land and the people at large. One might say that the shift is from Tabernacle holiness and purity to national holiness and purity. ...
This distinction between the world of the Tabernacle and the everyday national life of common Israelites should not, however, lead one to conclude that the two were not connected. The family of Aaronic priests, however, had charge of the Tabernacle and, therefore, the responsibility to make sure that neither they nor the people (individually or as a whole) violated the holiness and purity of the Tabernacle emphasized in chapters 1-16. , holy and common versus unclean and clean) to both the Tabernacle itself and the nation as a whole. 16, the Day of Atonement), thus once again focusing on the primary concern for the presence of God in the Tabernacle. The internal theological structure of the book, therefore, features these three main topics: atonement, Tabernacle holiness and purity, and national holiness and purity. On the Day of Atonement the holiness and purity of both the Tabernacle and the nation were in view. "...
The "sin offering" blood atonement rituals for the priests and for the people cleansed and (re)consecrated the Tabernacle from their impurities (vv. But in this case the atonement facilitated the removal of all the iniquities of all the people of the nation by sending them away from the Tabernacle and the nation on the head of the goat into the wilderness (vv. ...
Therefore, the sin offering rituals on the Day of Atonement cleansed not only the Tabernacle (vv. The focus shifts from the Tabernacle to the people. This shift corresponds to the distinction between Tabernacle (chaps. , made holy) the Tabernacle altar. ...
Tabernacle Holiness and Purity . The Tabernacle holiness and purity regulations in Leviticus 1-16 fall into two main subsections, chapters 1-7,8-16. In light of the reference to the "ordination offering" in 7:37 it seems that these descriptive ritual texts were placed at the beginning of the book as background to the narratives of "ordination" and "inauguration" of the Tabernacle and priesthood in chapters 8,9. It begins in 8:1-2 with the Lord's command to Moses that he consecrate the Tabernacle and priesthood. Chapter 9 is the inauguration of the Tabernacle, which ends with the fire from the Lord consuming the sacrifices (vv. 1-2) as the basis for the annual Day of Atonement, the purpose of which was to purify, consecrate, and inaugurate the Tabernacle, priesthood, and congregation for the next year. , "unclean and clean" 10:10b) and its importance for the community, especially the Tabernacle presence of God (15:31, "You must keep the Israelites separate from things that make them unclean, so they will not die in their uncleanness for defiling my dwelling place, which is among them"). It helps to recognize that, in the Old Testament, God made himself actually, personally, physically "present" with Israel by inhabiting the Tabernacle. The physical purity laws correspond to the physical "presence" of the Lord in the Tabernacle. Overall, therefore, the theology of the Book of Leviticus focuses on the presence of God in the Tabernacle, but that presence was to effect everyone and everything in ancient Israel. Averbeck...
See also Atonement ; Offerings and Sacrifices ; Priest, Priesthood ; Tabernacle ; Temple ...
Eli - At the time when Eli was chief priest and chief administrator in Israel, the Tabernacle was at Shiloh, in central Israel. Eli sat outside the Tabernacle to give advice and settle disputes, while his sons carried out the routine work connected with the sacrifices and ceremonies (1 Samuel 1:3; 1 Samuel 1:9; 1 Samuel 4:18)
Gershon - In the wilderness the sons of Gershon had charge of the fabrics of the Tabernacle when it was moved from place to place, the curtains, veils, tent-hangings (Numbers 3 :: 2126-26 )
Linen - The Tabernacle curtains (Exodus 26:1 ) and the high priest's garments (Exodus 28:6 ) were of “fine linen”—cloth woven so finely that it cannot be distinguished from silk without the aid of magnification
The son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah and one of the architects of the Tabernacle
Camp - 'The Camp' was a common expression used of Israel in the wilderness: the Tabernacle in the centre and the twelve tribes, each in its appointed place, arranged around it, composed the camp. As we might have expected, Moses, Aaron, and the priests were nearest to the door of the Tabernacle, and the Levites surrounded the three other sides. ...
JUDAH, with Issachar and Zebulun, ...
The GERSHONITES and the MERARITES with the Tabernacle, ...
REUBEN, with Simeon and Gad, ...
The KOHATHITES with the 'sanctuary,' ...
EPHRAIM, with Manasseh and Benjamin, ...
DAN, with Asher and Naphtali. When the camp itself had become defiled by the golden calf, Moses "took the Tabernacle and pitched it without the camp . and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. " This was not really 'the Tabernacle,' for it had not at that time been erected. The word used signifies 'the tent,' and it was doubtless a tent anticipatory of the Tabernacle significantly pitched by Moses outside the camp, to show that God's dwelling could not be where there was an idol, for it is added, "Every one which sought the Lord went out unto the Tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp
Ammiel - Levite, son of Obed-edom, a porter of the Tabernacle
Reservation - (Latin: reservatio, a retaining) ...
(1) The keeping of the Blessed Sacrament in the Tabernacle or in some other fitting place, as Viaticum for the dying and as an object of devotion for the faithful
Tabernacle - ...
Psalm 27:5 (a) His presence is described as a Tabernacle or tent. Because he walks with GOD, and seeks to serve his Lord, he is assured of the presence of the Holy Spirit, and this probably is called a "Tabernacle. At death the spirit leaves the Tabernacle, so that GOD may repair the building and fix it up new for the return of the spirit in the day of the resurrection
Bezalel - The chief architect of the Tabernacle. He was also charged with the construction of the furniture for court and Tabernacle, as well as with the preparation of the priestly garments, and of the necessary oil and incense
Sanctuary - The same name was also given to the most sacred part of the Tabernacle set up in the wilderness, Leviticus 4:6 . See Tabernacle , and TEMPLE
Encampment - The Tabernacle, corresponding to the chieftains tent of an ordinary encampment, was placed in the centre, and around and facing it, (Numbers 2:1 ) arranged in four grand divisions, corresponding to the four points of the compass, lay the host of Israel, according to their standards. (Numbers 1:52 ; 2:2 ) In the centre, round the Tabernacle, and with no standard but the cloudy or fiery pillar which rested over it, were the tents of the priests and Levites
Fillets - , joinings (Exodus 27:17 ; 38:17,28 ), the rods by which the tops of the columns around the Tabernacle court were joined together, and from which the curtains were suspended (Exodus 27:10,11 ; 36:38 )
Tache - The word thus rendered occurs only in the description of the structure of the Tabernacle and its fittings, (Exodus 26:6,11,33 ; 35:11 ; 36:13 ; 39:33 ) and appears to indicate the small hooks by which a curtain is suspended to the rings from which it hangs, or connected vertically, as in the case of the veil of the holy of holies, with the loops of another curtain
Armoury - There were no arsenals or magazines for arms till the time of David, who had a large collection of arms, which he consecrated to the Lord in his Tabernacle (1Sa, 21:9; 2 Samuel 8:7-12 ; 1 Chronicles 26:26,27 )
Dish - " The dishes of the Tabernacle were made of pure gold ( Exodus 25:29 ; 37:16 )
Eldad - ” Along with Medad, he was one of seventy elders of Israel God selected to help Moses, but the two did not meet at the Tabernacle with the others
Levite - , one subordinate to the priests (who were of the same tribe) and employed in various duties connected with the Tabernacle first, and afterward the temple, such as the care of the building, bringing of wood and other necessaries for the sacrifices, the music of the services, etc
Levites - God chose the Levites instead of the first-born of all Israel, for the service of his Tabernacle and temple, Numbers 3:6 , &c. The Gershonites, whose number was seven thousand five hundred, were employed in the marches through the wilderness in carrying the veils and curtains of the Tabernacle; the Kohathites, whose number was eight thousand six hundred, in carrying the ark and sacred vessels of the Tabernacle; the Merarites, whose number was six thousand two hundred, in carrying the several pieces of the Tabernacle which could not be placed upon the chariots; and the Aaronites were the priests who served the sanctuary. When the Hebrews encamped in the wilderness, the Levites were placed around the Tabernacle; Moses and Aaron at the east, Gershon at the west, Kohath at the south, and Merari at the north. Moses ordained that the Levites should not begin in the service of the Tabernacle till they were five-and-twenty years of age, Numbers 8:24-26 ; or, as he says elsewhere, from thirty to fifty years old, Numbers 4:3 . But David, finding that they were no longer employed in these grosser offices of transporting the vessels of the Tabernacle, appointed them to enter on service at the temple at twenty years of age
Shechinah - A Chaldee word meaning resting-place, not found in Scripture, but used by the later Jews to designate the visible symbol of God's presence in the Tabernacle, and afterwards in Solomon's temple. It is probable that after the entrance into Canaan this glory-cloud settled in the Tabernacle upon the ark of the covenant in the most holy place
Trees - The Tabernacle, along with its furniture, was constructed of acacia wood, a timber that was readily available in the Sinai region. Acacia wood, being light, was very suitable for a portable structure such as the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:10; Exodus 26:15)
Sprinkle - Isaiah 32:15 (a) In the days of the Tabernacle Moses sprinkled the blood on everything in the Tabernacle, and this was a sign to all others that GOD owned these things and had appointed these things for His own purpose and plan
Candlestick - In the Tabernacle the golden "candlestick"—or lamp-stand—stood on the left hand as one entered the Holy Place, opposite the table of shewbread. In the second temple there was but one, resembling that of the Tabernacle
Gibeon - Retributively it was here also that Joab met his doom from Benaiah while clinging to the brazen altar of the Tabernacle at Gibeon (1 Kings 2:28-34; 1 Chronicles 16:39-41. and close to el Jib) the Tabernacle was removed from Nob after Saul's slaughter of the priests there. David put the brazen altar before the Tabernacle (2 Chronicles 1:5) probably at the same time lie removed the ark to Zion and appointed the priests under Zadok to offer the daily sacrifices, and Heman and Jeduthun to direct the music (2 Chronicles 1:3). Then in a few years the Tabernacle was taken down and the holy vessels removed to the temple (1 Kings 8:3)
Ammonites - They were held in special loathing by the Hebrews, and, when converted to Hebraism, were barred from the Tabernacle together with their children, even after the tenth generation
Cloth - , beged is used for 'cloths of service,' and in Numbers 4:6-13 for the 'cloth of blue' that covered up the furniture when the Tabernacle was removed
Bezaleel - He was called of God, and filled with the Spirit of God in wisdom, understanding and knowledge to devise cunning works in gold, silver, brass, stone, and timber, for the Tabernacle, and to take the oversight thereof
Custody - Under the custody and charge of the sons of Merari shall be the boards of the Tabernacle
Merari - In the journey through the wilderness they were charged with the framework of the Tabernacle, to carry from one place of encampment to another, and there set it up, Numbers 4:29-33 ; 7:8
Numbers, the Book of - So called because the first three chapters contain the numbering of the Hebrews and Levites, which was performed separately, after the erection and consecration of he Tabernacle
Exodus, Book of - This book occupies the period from the death of Josephto the setting up of the Tabernacle. During these chapters Moses was in the mount: he remained there forty days, and received from God the pattern of the Tabernacle, and all its accompaniments. See Tabernacle. Moses took the Tabernacle and pitched it outside the camp, and those that sought the Lord went there to it: cf. (This 'tent of meeting' was probably a provisional one, for the Tabernacle had not been made. The freewill offerings of the people were accepted for the Tabernacle, and God gave skill to some for the work. The Tabernacle was made and reared: the priests were sanctified and clothed, and all was finished. "Then the cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the Tabernacle
Nob - The Tabernacle seems to have been here in the time of Saul, who, for the alleged favor shown by the high priest Abimelech to David, destroyed the city, which was, however, afterwards rebuilt
Looking Glass - The women who ministered at the gate of the Tabernacle donated their mirrors to be melted down for the bronze laver (Exodus 38:8 )
Eldad - On one occasion he and another named Medad were not present with Moses and the rest of the elders at the door of the Tabernacle to hear God’s message and receive His spirit
Cord - "Lengthen thy cords, strengthen thy stakes" (Isaiah 54:2); an image from a tent (appropriate, as the Israelite church was symbolized by the Tabernacle); it, when enlarged, needs at once longer cords and stronger stakes. So in Job 4:21, "is not their cord in them unstrung?" or "snapped," so that their earthly Tabernacle comes down (2 Corinthians 5:1)
Altars in the Temple of Jerusalem - Solomon's altar was similar in form to that of the Tabernacle, but larger, measuring 20 cubits in length and width and 10 in height, and constructed of unhewn stone and earth covered with plates of brass, hence called "brazen altar. The altar of incense in Solomon's Temple was of the same dimensions as that of the Tabernacle and made of cedar wood overlaid with gold, hence called "golden altar
Candlestick - In the Tabernacle, the golden candlestick stood on the left hand of one entering the Holy Place, opposite the table of showbread. In the second temple there was but one, resembling that of the Tabernacle
Eldad - He, with Medad, prophesied in the camp instead of going with the rest to the Tabernacle, as Moses had commanded
Gershon - He was the progenitor of the Gershonites, who had specifically assigned responsibilities regarding the transporting of the Tabernacle during the years of Israel's nomadic existence in the wilderness
Pyx - ) The box, case, vase, or Tabernacle, in which the host is reserved
Genuflection - A simple genuflection, made with the right knee, is the proper mode of venerating the Blessed Sacrament enclosed in the Tabernacle and, in certain ceremonies, the Cross
Abimelech - It was the name also of one of the sons of Gideon, who became a judge of Israel, Judges 9; and of the Jewish high-priest, who gave Goliah's sword, which had been deposited in the Tabernacle, and part of the shew bread to David, at the time this prince was flying from Saul, 1 Samuel 21:1
el'Dad - ) Although their names were upon the last which Moses had drawn up, (Numbers 11:26 ) they did not repair with the rest of their brethren to the Tabernacle, but continued to prophesy in the camp
Vessels - For ‘the vessels of the Tabernacle’ (AV Bezaleel - , "under his protection", the artificer who executed the work of art in connection with the Tabernacle in the wilderness (Exodus 31:2 ; 35:30 )
Kehelathah - During the 38 years of penal wandering the "congregation" was broken up, only round the Tabernacle an organized camp of Levites, priests, and chiefs continued, and it moved from place to place
Booth - ]'> it is variously rendered booth, cottage, hut, pavilion, Tabernacle, tent
Groan - For we that are in this Tabernacle, do groan, being burdened
Exodus - It comprehends the history of about a hundred and forty-five years; and the principal events contained in it are, the bondage of the Israelites in Egypt, and their miraculous deliverance by the hand of Moses; their entrance into the wilderness of Sinai; the promulgation of the law, and the building of the Tabernacle
Looking Glass - Moses states that the women who waited all night at the door of the Tabernacle, cheerfully offered their looking glasses, to be employed in making a brazen laver for the purification of the priests, Exodus 38:8
Pattern - terms in OT and NT, some of which denote a model , as in Exodus 25:9 ; Exodus 25:40 of the building model of the Tabernacle shown to Moses on the mount (cf
Cloud, Pillar of - The cloud, which became a pillar when the host moved, seems to have rested at other times on the Tabernacle, whence god is said to have "come down in the pillar
Congregation - The sounding of the two silver trumpets was the signal for the whole body of the people assembling at the door of the Tabernacle, which was there called "the Tabernacle of the congregation," the moed , literally, a place of meeting (Numbers 10:2-4)
Holy of Holies - The innermost room of the Tabernacle and of the Temple of Jerusalem. In the Tabernacle this inner room measured 10 X:10 cubits (about 15 X:15 feet) and was separated from the outer room, or holy place, by means of a veil, or portiere, of rich woven fabric, hanging from four pillars overlaid with gold and standing on sockets of silver
Candlestick, - which Moses was commanded to make for the Tabernacle, is described (Exodus 25:31-37 ; 37:17-24 ) It was not strictly a "candlestick," as it held seven richly-adorned lamps.  The candlestick was placed on the south side of the first apartment of the Tabernacle, opposite the table of shewbread, (Exodus 25:37 ) and was lighted every evening and dressed every morning
Candlestick, - which Moses was commanded to make for the Tabernacle, is described (Exodus 25:31-37 ; 37:17-24 ) It was not strictly a "candlestick," as it held seven richly-adorned lamps.  The candlestick was placed on the south side of the first apartment of the Tabernacle, opposite the table of shewbread, (Exodus 25:37 ) and was lighted every evening and dressed every morning
Sanctuary - This term is used by Authorized Version and Revised Version (1) in Hebrews 9:1 for τὸ ἅγιον, which denotes the sacred tent in both its parts, as is implied by the synonymous σκηνή, ‘tabernacle,’ in the following verse; and (2) in Hebrews 8:2 for τὰ ἅγια, the heavenly sanctuary or holy of holies (Revised Version margin ‘holy things’). Whether the earthly sanctuary, which he at once magnifies and depreciates, was the creation of Moses or of Ezekiel and Ezra, it has now had its day and must cease to be, since the true high priest has passed into the heavenly sanctuary, and become the minister of the true Tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man (Hebrews 9:1-2). -articles ‘Tabernacle’ and ‘Temple’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) and Encyclopaedia Biblica
Cherubim - In the Tabernacle and Temple they were represented by the two golden figures of two-winged living creatures. at the East of the Garden of Eden He caused to dwell in a Tabernacle the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned itself to keep the way of the Tree of Life. In the NT the word is found in Hebrews 9:5 , where the reference is to the Ark in the Tabernacle, and the thought is suggested of those who minister to the manifestation of the glory of God
Incense - ...
Part of Israel’s religious ritual was to burn incense on the altar inside the Tabernacle in a symbolic offering of prayer to God (Exodus 30:1; Psalms 141:2; Revelation 8:3; cf. But the formula God gave to Moses was to be used only for the incense of the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:34-38). One ingredient of the incense, frankincense, was also burnt with the cereal offering, and was placed on the sacred bread that was kept inside the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:34; Leviticus 6:15; Leviticus 24:7)
Tent - The “tabernacle” (“tent”) of David, therefore, is his dwelling place or palace (
Before the construction of the Tabernacle Moses pitched a “tent” outside the camp ( Tabernacle and before the departure from Sinai ( Tabernacle (Liturgical Colors - The Divine services are offered for various purposes and in honor of different classes of saints, and each of these is signified by an appropriate color, which is the color of the vestments worn by the officiating priest and his principal assistants, of the veil for covering the chalice used in the Mass, and of the draperies hung in front of the altar and Tabernacle
Bezaleel - He and another man, the Danite Aholiab, were skilled craftsmen who were responsible for making the Tabernacle, its furnishings, and trappings
Knop - The knops of the stem and arms of the golden candlestick, or rather lampstand, of the Tabernacle ( Exodus 25:31 etc
Spice - Exodus 30:34 (c) The ingredients of this powder made a perfume that was not to be used by anyone else for any other purpose than in the Tabernacle
Weaver, Weaving - Weaving was known to the Israelites, and by it they produced fine work for the Tabernacle and the priests' robes
Exodus - The most convenient division is the following: ...
events preceding the going out of Egypt (1-12)
the going out of Egypt and the journey to Mount Sinai (13-18)
the promulgation of the first instalments of the Mosaic Law (19-31)
the apostasy of the Jews (the golden calf), reconciliation, and renewal of the Covenant (32-34)
construction of the Tabernacle (35-40)
Nob - City in the tribe of Benjamin, in which Ahimelech the priest dwelt with the Tabernacle of the Lord
ko'Hath - ( Genesis 46:11 ; Exodus 6:16 ) In the journeyings of the Tabernacle of the sons of Kohath (Kohathites) had charge of the most holy portions of the vessels
Mosiac Law - The ceremonial was received by Moses in private in the Tabernacle, as being of peculiar concern, belonging to the Jews only, and destined to cease when the Tabernacle was down, and the veil of the temple rent
Hanging, Hangings - ), and once for the ‘veil’ or hanging separating the Holy of Holies from the rest of the Tabernacle. Tabernacle
Sanctuary - , Joshua 24:26 ), the Tabernacle complex (e. ...
When referring to the Tabernacle, miqdas [ Exodus 25:8 a) as the special sanctified dwelling place of the Lord among his people, in the midst of which was the building known as the "tabernacle" (25:9) and over which they stretched a "tent" (26:7). It can refer to the multiple holy precincts within the Tabernacle or temple complex (note the plural "sanctuaries" in Leviticus 21:23 ; Psalm 73:17 ; Jeremiah 51:51 ), the "holy place" where incense was offered (only once, 2 Chronicles 26:18 ), and possibly to "the Most Holy Place" (only once, Leviticus 16:33 a). However, it is also used alone or in various combinations to distinguish between certain holy precincts within the sanctuary, specifically, the area of the court near the altar sometimes referred to as "the holy place" (Leviticus 10:17-18 ), the outer "Holy Place" in the Tabernacle or temple building itself (e. In the Old Testament earthly sanctuary there was a Tabernacle (tent) or building in which there was an outer room called "the Holy Place" separated by a veil from an inner room called "the Most Holy Place, " which only the high priest could enter and even he only once a year. Averbeck...
See also Altar ; Offerings and Sacrifices ; Priest, Priesthood ; Tabernacle ; Temple ...
Priests - Personnel in charge of sacrifice and offering at worship places, particularly the Tabernacle and Temple. On Mount Sinai, God gave Moses instructions to build the Tabernacle. Aaron and his descendants of the tribe of Levi served in the Tabernacle and Temple as priests
Oil, Olive - In the Old Testament God commanded that a lamp filled with purest oil of olives should always burn in the Tabernacle of the Testimony (Exodus 27); it was also used in many religious ceremonies, e
Olive Oil - In the Old Testament God commanded that a lamp filled with purest oil of olives should always burn in the Tabernacle of the Testimony (Exodus 27); it was also used in many religious ceremonies, e
Shortly - , "the putting off of my Tabernacle is swift" (i
Cart - The same word, agalah , is translated 'wagons,' which were sent from Egypt to bring Jacob and his family, Genesis 45:19 ; and used for the carrying of parts of the Tabernacle, Numbers 7:3 , where they are called 'covered wagons,' but which some prefer to call 'litter-wagons
Ithamar - Under the superintendence of Ithamar were placed the Gershonites and Merarites who carried portions of the Tabernacle
Purple - A colour often mentioned with blue and scarlet in connection with the Tabernacle
Abiasaph - The descendants of Abiasaph, of whom Shallum was chief, were "keepers of the gates of the Tabernacle" (1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:31), and "had the set office over the things made in the pans," in David's time
Seven - ...
- the seven articles of furniture in the Tabernacle make a perfect picture of the Christian life
Needlework, - The veil of the Tabernacle, the ten curtains, and the hangings for the door, and for the gate of the court were of needlework of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine-twined linen
Looking-Glass - Those carried by the Hebrew women at the time of the construction of the vessels of the Tabernacle were used for making "the laver of brass and the foot of it of brass
Laver - A large circular vessel, cast from the polished brass mirrors contributed by the Hebrew women, and placed between the door of the Tabernacle and the altar of burnt-offering, with water for the necessary sacred ablutions, Exodus 30:18-21 28:8 40:7 30:1 32:35
Remphan - Amos 5:26-27, "ye have borne the Tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god which ye made to yourselves. " Acts 7:42-43 from the Septuagint of Amos, "ye took up the Tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them
Shiloh - Here Joshua assembled the people to make the second distribution of the Land of Promise; and her the Tabernacle of the Lord was set up, when they were settled in the country, Joshua 18:1 ; 19:51 . The ark and the Tabernacle continued at Shiloh, from B
Bread - For the meaning of the ‘presence bread’ in the Tabernacle see Tabernacle
Nob - "The hill of God" (1 Samuel 10:5; 1 Samuel 10:10), where the Spirit came on Saul on his way from Bethlehem after Samuel's anointing, was probably Nob, the seat then of the Tabernacle, and meaning "prophecy. At Mizpeh probably the Tabernacle was erected on its removal from Shiloh. Gilgal was the first temporary abode of the Tabernacle, then Shiloh for more than three centuries and a half, then the Nob or high place of Gibeon, finally Jerusalem
Antitype - Now the Greek signifies the pattern by which another thing is made; and as Moses was obliged to make the Tabernacle, and all things in it, according to the pattern shown him in the Mount, the Tabernacle so formed was the antitype of what was shown to Moses: any thing, therefore, formed according to a model or pattern, is an antitype
Ark of the Covenant - The ark was reposited in the holiest place of the Tabernacle. Here the Shechinah rested both in the Tabernacle and temple in a visible cloud; hence were issued the Divine oracles by an audible voice; and the high priest appeared before the mercy-seat once every year on the great day of expiation; and the Jews, wherever they worshipped, turned their faces towards the place where the ark stood
Candlestick - One of beaten gold was made by Moses, Exodus 25:31-32 , and put into the Tabernacle in the holy place, over against the table of shew bread. After the Jews returned from their captivity, the golden candlestick was again placed in the temple, as it had been before in the Tabernacle by Moses
Korah - ...
Dathan and Abiram, their wives and children, stood at the door of their tents as though defying Moses to do his worst, when Moses by Jehovah's command told the people to get up from about the Tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, i. from the Tabernacle which these had set up in common opposition to the great Tabernacle of the congregation. of the Tabernacle. Fire from Jehovah (probably from the altar, Leviticus 10:1-7) consumed Korah and the 250 incense offerers who were apart "at the door of the Tabernacle" (Numbers 16:18-19; Numbers 16:33-35). In verse 27 Korah is not mentioned with Dathan and Abiram, which shows that Korah himself was elsewhere, namely, at the Tabernacle door, when they were swallowed up. Korah had no opportunity of collecting his children about him, being away from his tent; he only had all the men of his family who abetted his rebellion along with him at the door of the Tabernacle. ...
Korhites under David had the chief place in keeping the Tabernacle doors (1 Chronicles 6:32-37), and in the psalmody (1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:33)
Tabernacle - Tabernacle . By ‘the Tabernacle’ without further qualification, as by the more expressive designation ‘ Tabernacle of the congregation ’ (RV  ) devoted to the details of the fabric and furniture of the Tabernacle, and to the arrangements for its transport from station to station in the wilderness, fall into two groups, viz. ]'> to Moses as to the erection of the Tabernacle and the making of its furniture according to the ‘pattern’ or model shown to the latter on the holy mount ( Exodus 25:9 ; Exodus 25:40 ); ( b ) Exodus 35:1-35 ; Exodus 36:1-38 ; Exodus 37:1-29 ; Exodus 38:1-31 ; Exodus 39:1-43 ; Exodus 40:1-38 , which tell inter alia of the carrying out of these instructions. ]'> ’s ‘ Tabernacle of the congregation ,’ is now universally acknowledged. ), and in the Tabernacle in the other, together with the elaborate sacrificial and propitiatory system of which each is the centre. In the Tabernacle, in particular, we have an ideal of a Divine sanctuary, every detail of which is intended to symbolize the unity, majesty, and above all the holiness of Jâ³  ‘shittim’) the only wood employed in the construction of the Tabernacle 5 cubits in length and breadth, and 3 in height, overlaid with what must, for reasons of transport, have been a comparatively thin sheathing of bronze. Like most of the other articles of the Tabernacle furniture, the altar was provided with rings and poles for convenience of transport. ( a ) It has already been emphasized that the dominant conception of the Tabernacle in these chapters is that of a portable sanctuary, which is to serve as the earthly dwelling-place of the heavenly King. In harmony therewith we find the essential part of the fabric of the Tabernacle, to which every other structural detail is subsidiary , described at the outset by the characteristic designation ‘ dwelling . ]'> ‘tabernacle’) of ten curtains’ ( Exodus 26:1 ). It is a fundamental mistake to regard the wooden part of the Tabernacle as of the essence of the structure, and to begin the study of the whole therefrom, as is still being done. ‘Tabernacle’ in Hastings’ DB
[This solution of the difficulties connected with the construction of the Tabernacle, first offered in DB
( d ) The fabric of the Tabernacle, as described up to this point in Exodus 26:1-30 , has been found to consist of three parts, carefully distinguished from each other. ...
( e ) No provision has yet been made for closing the entrance to the Tabernacle. The ark itself occasionally receives the simple title of ‘the testimony,’ whence the Tabernacle as sheltering the ark is named in P  ‘tabernacle’) of the testimony’ ( Exodus 38:21 etc
Levite - ...
Although the Levites had general duties in the Tabernacle and temple ceremonies, only those of one family within the tribe, the family of Aaron, were priests (Exodus 6:16-25; Exodus 29:9). Priests alone carried out the blood rituals of the sacrifices, and priests alone entered the inner shrine of the Tabernacle (or later the temple) (Numbers 3:5-10; see PRIEST). ...
Duties concerning the Tabernacle...
After helping to construct the Tabernacle (Exodus 38:21), the Levites had the duty of setting up, taking down, maintaining and transporting the Tabernacle on the journey to Canaan (Numbers 1:50-51). When a camp was set up, they camped immediately around the Tabernacle (Numbers 1:52-53; Numbers 3:23; Numbers 3:29; Numbers 3:35; Nehemiah 8:7-93). For the service of the Tabernacle, however, God used the Levites instead of the firstborn (Numbers 3:11-13; Numbers 3:40-51)
Perfume - A special perfume was made to burn as incense in the Tabernacle
Admonish - Moses was admonished of God, when he was about to make the Tabernacle
Badger - Hence many think the "badgers' skins" mentioned Exodus 25:5 ; 26:14 ; Ezekiel 16:10 , and elsewhere, as being used for covering the Tabernacle and for shoes, were the skins not of this animal, but of a species of seal found in the Red Sea
Shittah And Shittim - A valuable kind of wood, of which Moses made the greater part of the tables, altars, and planks belonging to the Tabernacle
Perfumes - And the other to be used for anointing the high priest and his sons, the Tabernacle, and the vessels of divine service, Exodus 30:23-33
Merari - They followed after Judah's standard, and before Reuben's in the march, to set up the Tabernacle against the Kohathites' arrival. Their charge was the Tabernacle boards, pillars, etc
Gilgal - This was one of the three towns to which Samuel resorted for the administration of justice (1 Samuel 7:16 ), and here also he offered sacrifices when the ark was no longer in the Tabernacle at Shiloh (1 Samuel 10:8 ; 13:7-9 ). Here the twelve memorial stones, taken from the bed of the Jordan, were set up; and here also the Tabernacle remained till it was removed to Shiloh (18:1)
Badger Skins - KJV translation of the skin used to cover the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:14 ; Exodus 36:19 ; Exodus 39:34 ), the ark, and other sacred objects (Numbers 4:6-14 ). There seems to be no clear answer to the question: What kind of hides were used as a covering for the Tabernacle, ark, and other sacred objects?...
Shallum - A Levite gate-keeper of the Tabernacle whose descendants returned from exile. Son of Kore: a keeper of the gates of the Tabernacle
Testimony - The Tabernacle as the housing for the ark containing these tablets was sometimes called the “tabernacle of testimony” (Eldad - Though "they were of them that were written" in Moses' list (implying that the 70 were permanently appointed) they did not go with the rest to the Tabernacle, but prophesied in the camp (Numbers 11:26). The context favors KJV When "the (so Hebrew for a) young man" reported it at the Tabernacle, and Joshua begged Moses to forbid them, he refused saying, "enviest thou for my sake? Would God that all the Lord's people were prophets," etc. " The diffusion of the spirit of prophecy, no longer limited to Moses, and its separation from the Tabernacle service, led to the establishment of the "schools of the prophets
High Place - ...
In the above passages the high places are connected with idolatry; but it would appear that before the temple was built, altars for the worship of God had been erected elsewhere than at the Tabernacle. With Samuel at Zuph, there was 'a sacrifice of the people' in the 'high place' (God having forsaken the Tabernacle at Shiloh, this disorder resulted). The Tabernacle was there (Gibeon), 1 Chronicles 16:39 ; 2 Chronicles 1:3 , so that it appeared to be the right place to go to, and it was where God appeared to Solomon in the night; yet it was 'the great high place
Shiloh (2) - Here Hannah prayed and Samuel was reared in the Tabernacle and called to the prophetic office (1 Samuel 1; 2; 3). The sin of Hophni and Phinehas caused the loss of the ark and God's forsaking of His Tabernacle at Shiloh (called in spiritual sense "the house of God," though not of stone: Judges 18:31; 2 Samuel 7:6; 1 Kings 3:2), so that this became a warning beacon of God's wrath against those who sin in the face of high spiritual privileges (Jeremiah 7:12; Psalms 78:60-61). On the hill the Tabernacle would be conspicuous from all sides. ; the rock is scarped to the height of five feet, evidently the site of the Tabernacle
Ahimelech - During his priesthood the Tabernacle was at Nob, where Ahimelech dwelt, with many priests
Bezaleel - Son of Uri, son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, filled with the Spirit of God to work all manner of workmanship in metal, wood, and stone for the Tabernacle (Exodus 31:1-6), as Aholiab wrought in textile fabrics
Corban - It is derived from the word karab, which signifies, "to approach;" because the victims were brought to the door of the Tabernacle
Asaph - A Korhite, whose posterity were porters in the Tabernacle in the time of David
Linen - The word shesh, often translated 'fine linen' and 'fine twined linen' (for the curtains of the Tabernacle, etc
Gold - The Ark of the Covenant was overlaid with pure gold; the mercy seat, the vessels and utensils belonging to the Tabernacle, and those also of the house of the Lord, as well as the drinking-vessels of Solomon, were of gold
Badgers' Skins - ]'> ) as the upper covering of the Tabernacle, etc
Shekinah - ’ (note the Tabernacle was the mishkân , from the same root). It was so in nature ( Psalms 18:10 ), on Sinai ( Exodus 24:16 ), in the wilderness and in the Tabernacle ( Exodus 16:7 ; Exodus 29:43 ; Exodus 40:34 , Numbers 14:10 ), in the Temple ( 1 Kings 8:11 ); cf. In 1 Peter 4:14 ‘the spirit of glory’ rests upon Christ, as upon the Tabernacle; in He is He is ‘the effulgence of the glory’; in James 1:3 He is apparently called ‘the Shekinah. ’ Of special significance is John 1:14 , which combines the expressions ‘glory’ and ‘tabernacle’ (Gr. It connects the personal presence of God in Christ with the earlier presence in the Tabernacle; what was formerly symbol is now manifest ‘in flesh
Kohath, Kohathites - The Kohathites carried the 'most holy things' of the Tabernacle — the ark, table of show bread, golden altar, etc
Merari, Merarites - They had charge of the heavier parts of the Tabernacle, to carry which they had four wagons and eight oxen
Mer'Ari, Mer'Arites - Their charge was the cords of the Tabernacle and the court, and all the tools connected with setting them up
Religious of Perpetual Adoration - Retreats are conducted by the religious and instruction given to children and converts, but the special work of the community is the direction of the Association of Perpetual Adoration and Work for Poor Churches (in America, popularly known as the "Tabernacle Society"), a world-wide organization, having its center in Rome, enjoying fullest papal approbation and enriched with many indulgences and spiritual favors
Shiloh - It was in this place that the Tabernacle of the Lord was set up, when the people were settled in the country. The ark and the Tabernacle of the Lord continued at Shiloh from A
Ark of the Covenant - The first piece of the Tabernacle's furniture, for which precise directions were delivered. (1 Kings 8:8 ) The ark, when transported, was enveloped in the "veil" of the dismantled Tabernacle, in the curtain of badgers' skins and in a blue cloth over all, and was therefore not seen. It sojourned among several, probably Levitical, families, ( 1 Samuel 7:1 ; 2 Samuel 6:3,11 ; 1 Chronicles 13:13 ; 15:24,25 ) in the border villages of eastern Judah; and did not take its place in the Tabernacle, but dwelt in curtains, i
Levites - During the wilderness journey they were in charge of taking the Tabernacle down, transporting it, setting it up and conducting worship at the tent where God dwelt (Numbers 1:47-54 ; Numbers 3:14-39 ). In some passages (Deuteronomy 17:9 ,Deuteronomy 17:9,17:18 ; Deuteronomy 18:1 ; Deuteronomy 24:8 ), the terms priest and Levite (or Levitical priests) seem identical, but in Exodus 28:1 and Levitcus 8–10 it is clear that only the family of Aaron fulfilled the priestly duties of offering sacrifices in the Tabernacle. ...
The Levites were consecrated to God and given by God as a gift to Israel in order that they might perform the duties at the Tabernacle (Exodus 29:1 ; Leviticus 8:1 ). Their work made it possible for the people to come to the Tabernacle and offer sacrifices for the atonement of sins
Day of Atonement - Only one person, the Israelite high priest, could enter the Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle, and he could do so only once a year, on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:2; Hebrews 9:7). It fell on the tenth day of the seventh month, a few days before the Feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 16:29-34; Leviticus 23:27-34; see FEASTS). He offered the priests’ sin offering at the altar in the Tabernacle courtyard, after which he took fire from the altar, along with blood from the sacrifice, into the Tabernacle-tent. ...
When the Israelite high priest had completed the sin-cleansing rituals in the Tabernacle-tent, he reappeared to the people
Ark of God - 'The sacred chest belonging to the Tabernacle and the Temple. For the place of the ark and the manner of its being moved see the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle was set up at Shiloh, and doubtless the ark was placed therein, Joshua 18:1 , though it may have been carried elsewhere. David however, hearing that God had blessed the house of Obed-edom, again went for the ark, and now it was carried by the Levites according to divine order, and with sacrifices and rejoicing it was placed in the Tabernacle or tent that David had pitched for it. These are both mentioned in Hebrews 9:4 , for there the Tabernacle, and not the temple is in contemplation
Levitical Priesthood - The original duties of the priests were the following: ...
to offer the daily sacrifice in the court of the Tabernacle or Temple (Exodus 29; 3Kings 8)
to sprinkle the blood of the victims on the altar (Leviticus 1)
to burn the victims on the altar (Leviticus 1)
to renew the loaves of proposition every Sabbath (Leviticus 24)
to offer incense morning and evening (Exodus 30)
to supply the lamps in the sanctuary with oil every day (Exodus 27)
to inspect the lepers (Leviticus 14)
to purify women after childbirth (Leviticus 12)
to teach and interpret the Law to the people (Leviticus 10)
to pray for the people (Leviticus 5)
Branch - Often refers to the branches of trees or vines or to the branches of the lampstands of the Tabernacle and Temple
Sea, Molten - In the place of the laver of the Tabernacle Solomon caused a laver to be cast for a similar purpose, which from its size was called a sea
Salem - In Salem, saith the Psalmist, speaking of JEHOVAH, is his Tabernacle, and his dwelling in Zion
Pavilion - NAS, NIV, and NRSV substituted various terms (booths, canopy, shelter, Tabernacle, tent) in each of these passages
Tent - ...
TENT, To lodge as in a tent to Tabernacle
Sin Offering - ...
A Tabernacle was erected at every space of 2,000 cubits, to evade the law of the Sabbath day's journey, for they led the scape-goat out on the Sabbath; after eating bread and drinking water the conductor of the goat could go on to the next Tabernacle; ten stages were thus made between Seek and Jerusalem, in all six and a half miles to el Muntar, from whence the conductor caught the first sight of the great desert. Beside the well probably was the tenth Tabernacle, to which he returned after precipitating the goat, and where he sat until sundown, when he might return to Jerusalem
Exodus, Book of - The time comprised in this book, from the death of Joseph to the erection of the Tabernacle in the wilderness, is about one hundred and forty-five years, on the supposition that the four hundred and thirty years (12:40) are to be computed from the time of the promises made to Abraham (Galatians 3:17 )
Abihu - As this is immediately followed by the prohibition of wine to the priests when ministering in the Tabernacle, it is not improbable that Nadab and Abihu were intoxicated when thus transgressing
Eleazar - 13th century BCE) Third son of Aaron, overseer of the Levites� dismantling and reconstruction of the Tabernacle during the Israelites� desert journeys
Birth - At the close of that period she entered into the Tabernacle or temple and offered up a sacrifice of purification (Leviticus 12:1-8 ; Luke 2:22 )
Service, Serving - 3, above), primarily "hired service," is used (a) of the "service" of God in connection with the Tabernacle, Romans 9:4 ; Hebrews 9:1 , "Divine service;" Hebrews 9:6 , plural, RV, "services" (AV, "service," and, in italics, "of God"); (b) of the intelligent "service" of believers in presenting their bodies to God, a living sacrifice, Romans 12:1 , RV marg
Hophni And Phinehas - Greediness, violent rapacity, wherewith they made themselves fat with the chiefest of the offerings of God's people, (and this in the sanctuary itself, so that "men abhorred the offering of the Lord,") and even lust indulged with the women assembling at the door of the Tabernacle, were their crying sins
Artificer - In after times the spirit of wisdom was given to Bezaleel for the work of the Tabernacle in "all manner of workmanship
Blood - dispensation everything in the Tabernacle, the priests and their dresses were purged and sanctified by blood, everything being sprinkled with blood, including the book of the law and the people
Badgers' Skins - It is a good protection from the weather, and we find the tachash was used for the outer covering of the Tabernacle, and to cover the ark when it was being carried
Gold - It was extensively used in the Tabernacle and in the temple; some things being made of gold, and others being overlaid with it
Scarlet - Scarlet was much used in the needlework and hangings of the Tabernacle, in conjunction with blue and purple; but there it apparently refers to some fabric of the colour of scarlet
Gershon, Gershonites - Their charge was the frame-work of the Tabernacle and the tent, with the hangings and curtains
Vows - According to the law the final shaving must be at the Tabernacle or temple
Gad (2) - This tribe, in the wilderness, was placed with Simeon and Reuben on the south of the Tabernacle; with Reuben and the half of Manasseh, it occupied the pasture grounds on the east of the Jordan
Sanctuary - 1: ἅγιον (Strong's #39 — Adjective — hagion — hag'-ee-on ) the neuter of the adjective hagios, "holy," is used of those structures which are set apart to God, (a) of "the Tabernacle" in the wilderness, Hebrews 9:1 , RV, "its sanctuary, a sanctuary of this world" (AV, "a worldly sanctuary"); in Hebrews 9:2 the outer part is called "the Holy place," RV (AV, "the sanctuary"); here the neuter plural hagia is used, as in Hebrews 9:3 . with the article points to the text as being right, in view of Hebrews 9:24,25 ; 13:11 (see above), exegetically designated "the true Tabernacle;" neut
Census - ...
Moses took a census of Israel at Mount Sinai and assessed a half-shekel tax to each male over twenty to support the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:13-16 ). This census excluded the Levites, separating them for service in the Tabernacle (Numbers 1:1 )
Candlestick - The lamp-stand, "candelabrum," which Moses was commanded to make for the Tabernacle, according to the pattern shown him. The Tabernacle was a tent without windows, and thus artificial light was needed
Neth'Inim - give, set apart, dedicate, it was applied to those who were pointed to the liturgical offices of the Tabernacle. The first conquests, however, brought them their share of the captive slaves of the Midianites and 320 were given to them as having charge of the Tabernacle, (Numbers 31:47 ) while 32 only were assigned specially to the priests
Anointing - Moses anointed the Tabernacle and its equipment to indicate that they were set apart for sacred use (Exodus 30:22-30). The oil used to anoint the priests and the Tabernacle was prepared according to a special formula that was not to be used for any other purpose (Exodus 30:26-33)
Laver - It and the altar stood in the court of the Tabernacle. In it the priests were bound to wash their hands and feet in approaching the altar and entering the Tabernacle, on pain of death. Constructed of the polished metallic looking glasses which the devout women (assembling at the door of the Tabernacle of God's meeting His people) offered, renouncing the instrument of personal vanity for the sake of the higher beauties of holiness
Temple - Before those days the house appropriated for the worship of the Lord was called the Tabernacle, or sanctuary. " (Colossians 2:9) Hence, therefore, as in the Tabernacle in the wilderness, and in the temple at Jerusalem, the glory of the Lord was graciously manifested to the people to intimate the divine presence, so in the person of Christ Jesus, all that is visible it JEHOVAH did appear. (John 2:19-21; Ephesians 2:20-22) See Tabernacle
Veil of the Temple - There were two veils or curtains in the Tabernacle (of which the temple was the continuation), one before the Tabernacle door (kalumma ), the second veil before the holy of holies (katapetasma ). " Into this second Tabernacle within the veil "the high priest alone went once every year, not without blood which he offered for himself and for the sins of the people; the Holy Spirit this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first Tabernacle was yet standing . But Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come by a greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands
Heaven - It is an opinion not destitute of probability, that the construction of the Tabernacle, in which Jehovah dwelt by a visible symbol, termed "the cloud of glory," was intended to be a type of heaven. In the holiest place of the Tabernacle, "the glory of the Lord," or visible emblem of his presence, rested between the cherubims; by the figures of which, the angelic host surrounding the throne of God in heaven was typified; and as that holiest part of the Tabernacle was, by a thick vail, concealed from the sight of those who frequented it for the purposes of worship, so heaven, the habitation of God, is, by the vail of flesh, hidden from mortal eyes. Admitting the whole Tabernacle, therefore, in which the worship of God was performed according to a ritual of divine appointment, to be a representation of the universe, we are taught by it this beautiful lesson, that the whole universe is the temple of God; but that in this vast temple there is "a most holy place," where the Deity resides and manifests his presence to the angelic hosts and redeemed company who surround him. Instead of the land of Canaan, we have heaven; for the earthly Jerusalem, we have the heavenly, the city of the living God; in place of the congregation of Israel after the flesh, we have the general assembly and church of the first-born, that is, all true believers "made perfect;" for just men in the imperfect state of the old dispensation, we have just men made perfect in evangelical knowledge and holiness; instead of Moses, the mediator of the old covenant, we have Jesus the Mediator of the new and everlasting covenant; and instead of the blood of slaughtered animals, which was sprinkled upon the Israelites, the Tabernacle, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, to make a typical atonement, we have the blood of the Son of God, which was shed for the remission of the sins of the whole world; that blood which doth not, like the blood of Abel, call for vengeance but for mercy, which hath made peace between heaven and earth, effected the true and complete atonement for sin, and which therefore communicates peace to the conscience of every sinner that believes the Gospel. Some of the ancients imagined that the habitation of good men, after the resurrection, would be the sun; grounding this fanciful opinion on a mistaken interpretation of Psalms 19:4 , which they rendered, with the LXX and Vulgate, "He has set his Tabernacle in the sun
Jesse, Rod of - "Carry back the rod of Aaron into the Tabernacle of the testimony" (Numbers 17)
Curtain - The Tabernacle which was constructed to carry the ark of the covenant was made of ten curtains (Exodus 26:2 )
Nethinim - Name, signifying 'given, devoted ones,' applied to those who assisted the Levites in the service of the Tabernacle and the temple
Rod of Jesse - "Carry back the rod of Aaron into the Tabernacle of the testimony" (Numbers 17)
Scripture, Rod in - "Carry back the rod of Aaron into the Tabernacle of the testimony" (Numbers 17)
Setim-Wood - Repeatedly mentioned in Exodus as the principal timber employed in the construction of the Tabernacle and its appurtenances
Shittim-Wood - Repeatedly mentioned in Exodus as the principal timber employed in the construction of the Tabernacle and its appurtenances
Nethinim - Given, or consecrated, a term first applied to the Levites, Numbers 8:19 ; but after the settlement in Canaan, to servants dedicated to the service of the Tabernacle and temple, to perform the most laborious offices, as carrying of wood and water
Issachar - Issachar, Tribe of, during the journey through the wilderness, along with Judah and Zebulun (Numbers 2:5 ), marched on the east of the Tabernacle
Hannah - ...
When Samuel was two or three years old, Hannah took him to the Tabernacle and dedicated him to God for life
Building - -‘But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building’ (Authorized Version ); better Revised Version ‘but Christ having come a high priest of the good things that are come (Revised Version margin), through the greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation (οὐ ταύτης τῆς κτίσεως). ’ The Tabernacle is immaterial and spiritual as contrasted with the heaven and the earth. For the different meanings assigned to ‘tabernacle’ and their bearing on the true humanity of our Lord, see Tabernacle
Building - -‘But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building’ (Authorized Version ); better Revised Version ‘but Christ having come a high priest of the good things that are come (Revised Version margin), through the greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation (οὐ ταύτης τῆς κτίσεως). ’ The Tabernacle is immaterial and spiritual as contrasted with the heaven and the earth. For the different meanings assigned to ‘tabernacle’ and their bearing on the true humanity of our Lord, see Tabernacle
Figure - , the event or person or circumstance corresponding to the type, Hebrews 9:24 , RV, "like in pattern" (AV, "the figure of"), of the Tabernacle, which, with its structure and appurtenances, was a pattern of that "holy place," "Heaven itself," "the true," into which Christ entered, "to appear before the face of God for us. " The earthly Tabernacle anticipatively represented what is now made good in Christ; it was a "figure" or "parable" (Hebrews 9:9 ), "for the time now present," RV, i
New Order - The old order required an earthly Tabernacle and priests to offer animal sacrifices. Christ, however, entered a heavenly Tabernacle (vv. Therefore, access to God, symbolized by the Tabernacle's Holy of Holies, is not a matter of priestly privilege but of a purified heart (v
Leper - The leper was excluded from the Tabernacle and the camp, and when he was healed his restoration to social intercourse with his fellow-men was twofold; performed both in the camp and in the Tabernacle
Pillar - We are told that "when Moses went out unto the Tabernacle, all the people rose up, and stood every man at, his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the Tabernacle. And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the Tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the Tabernacle, and the Lord talked with Moses
Offerings And Sacrifices - Even before the revelation to Moses at Sinai, offerings and sacrifices were a key part of the practice of relationship with God from Cain and Abel, to Noah, to the patriarchs, to Jethro the priest of Median, to the ratification of the Mosaic covenant by sacrifice before the Tabernacle was built. They remained central to the ritual systems of the Tabernacle and the first and second temples and, therefore, to the Old Testament theology of God's "presence" and his relationship to ancient Israel as his "kingdom of priests. According to the earthen altar law in Exodus 20:24-26 and the many references to such altars in the early history of Israel as a nation in the land of Canaan, the Lord clearly intended that the Israelites perpetuate the practice of building solitary altars and worshiping at them even after the Tabernacle altar existed. , the Tabernacle and later the temple). ...
After the Tabernacle had been established the nation continued to offer burnt, grain, drink, and peace offerings on solitary earthen altars as well as on the altar in the Tabernacle. This seems to be a literary reflection of the historical reality that before and even after the construction of the Tabernacle the burnt offerings (Heb. minha see Leviticus 2 and Numbers 15:1-16 ), constituted a system of offerings used by the faithful at solitary Yahwistic altars outside the Tabernacle (see above). , libations) predates the Tabernacle system and continued at other altars even after the Tabernacle and temple were available (see above). The sin offering was the primary blood atonement offering in the sanctuary system of offerings through which worshipers could receive forgiveness for their sin and deal with the degree to which they might have contaminated the Tabernacle. , the tent of meeting inside the Tabernacle complex), put some of the blood on the horns of the incense altar inside the Holy Place, and simply poured out the remainder of the blood at the base of the burnt offering altar near the gate of the Tabernacle complex (Leviticus 4:6-7,17-18 ). In other words, the blood penetrated the Tabernacle complex as far as the contamination did (i. The blood of the leader and the common Israelite was applied only to the horns of the burnt offering altar (Leviticus 4:30,34 ; 5:9 ), which was the boundary of penetration for the nonpriestly Israelite into the Tabernacle. The principle is that the blood went as far as the particular person or collective group of persons could go and, therefore, decontaminated the Tabernacle to that point. 29-31), and the slaughtered sin offerings for the priests and the people cleansed the Tabernacle from the impurity of their sins (vv. On the contrary, the Day of Atonement cleansed both the cultic impurities and the various kinds of iniquities of the people that could defile the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle holiness and purity emphasized in Leviticus 1-16 and the national holiness and purity which is the primary concern of Leviticus 17-27 were viewed in close relationship to each otherso close that both were dealt with on the Day of Atonement. , the things dedicated to the Lord for the Tabernacle or priesthood)
Shadow - The Tabernacle itself was made by Moses only according to the ‘pattern’ (τύπον) of the heavenly original, the ‘true Tabernacle’ pitched by God (Hebrews 8:2). Like every other part of the Levitical system, the Tabernacle was only a ‘copy,’ the ‘pattern’ (τύπον) of which exists eternally in heaven
Fire - ...
Fire fell upon the sacrifices which Moses offered at the dedication of the Tabernacle, Leviticus 9:24 ; and upon those of Manoah, Samson's father, Judges 13:19-20 ; upon Solomon's, at the dedication of the temple, 2 Chronicles 7:1 ; and on Elijah's, at Mount Carmel, 1 Kings 18:38 . The fire which came down from heaven, first upon the altar in the Tabernacle, and afterward descended anew upon the altar in the temple of Solomon, at its consecration, was there constantly fed and maintained by the priests, day and night, in the same manner as it had been in the Tabernacle
Altar - (1) In the Tabernacle, ( Exodus 27:1 ) ff. The place of the altar was at the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation. ( Exodus 38:30 ) (a) That in the Tabernacle was made of acacia wood, overlaid with pure gold
Shekinah - Here the same verb (ἐπισκιάζω) is used as in the LXX Septuagint of Exodus 40:34-35 of the cloud which rested on the Tabernacle when it was filled with the ‘glory of the Lord,’ which in the Targum (pseudo-Jonathan) becomes the ‘glory of the Shekinah of the Lord. ...
There can be no doubt that the word σκηνή, ‘tabernacle’ (and its verb σκηνοῦν, ‘to Tabernacle’), has been chosen for use in John 1:14 and Revelation 21:3 from its likeness both in sound and meaning to the word Shekinah, and conveys a direct allusion to the latter. The Revelation passage runs: ‘Behold the Tabernacle (σκηνή) of God is with men, and he will Tabernacle (σκηνώσει) with them. ’ In John 1:14 ‘The Word (Logos) … Tabernacled (ἐσκήνωσεν) among us, and we beheld his glory,’ etc
Hook - ...
Vav, a "peg" on which the curtains of the Tabernacle were hung (Exodus 26:32 )
Floor - Under ( a ) we have the earthen floor of the Tabernacle, Numbers 5:17 , and the wooden floor of the Temple, 1 Kings 6:15 (see House, Â§ 4
Breastplate - It was set with twelve stones with the name of one of the 12 tribes of Israel engraved on each stone; The breastplate was a special item worn by the high priest as he ministered in the Tabernacle or Temple
Ark of the Covenant Item - According to a tradition, the value of which is much discussed, the Ark, with the Tabernacle and the altar of incense, was hidden by Jeremias before the siege of Jerusalem by Nabuchodonosor (2Machabees 2); however, the view that it was carried to Babylon as a trophy (4Esdas 10) seems to enjoy greater probability
Floor - 1 Kings 6:30 (c) The floor of the Tabernacle was the dirt and the soil of the desert
Cherub, Cherubim - They were depicted in needlework and in carving both in the Tabernacle and the temple, and two of them with wings were represented as overshadowing the mercy-seat
Sabbath-Day's Journey - times it was understood that a person might travel two thousand cubits (about five furlongs); this extent had been fixed on because when the Israelites were marching they were commanded to keep the above named distance from the ark, and it was concluded that when they were encamped, there was the same distance between the Tabernacle and the tents, and that this space was constantly travelled for worship
Silver - , in the Tabernacle, the money paid for the redemption of the Israelites being applied to this purpose
Shittah - The shittah boards of the Tabernacle, ten cubits long and one and a half broad, were not necessarily one piece but formed of pieces joined together
Gilgal - The name of the first station of the Israelites after crossing the Jordan, Joshua 4:19-20, where the twelve stones were set up, and the Tabernacle remained until removed to Shiloh
Abihu - And they have formed this opinion, on the precept in the ninth verse: where it is said to Aaron, "Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the Tabernacle of the congregation; lest ye die
Court - Before the temple was built, there was a court belonging to the Tabernacle, but not near so large as that of the temple, and encompassed only with pillars, and veils hung with cords
ko'Rah - (Numbers 16 ; 26:9-11 ) The particular grievance which rankled in the mind of Korah and his company was their exclusion from the office of the priesthood, and their being confined --those among them who were Levites-- to the inferior service of the Tabernacle
Hannah - Her home was at Ramathaim-zophim, whence she was wont every year to go to Shiloh, where the Tabernacle had been pitched by Joshua, to attend the offering of sacrifices there according to the law (1 Samuel 1:14-166 ; 34:18 ; Deuteronomy 16:16 ), probably at the feast of the Passover (Compare Exodus 13:10 ). meil, a term used to denote the "robe" of the ephod worn by the high priest, Exodus 28:31 ), a priestly robe, a long upper tunic (1 Chronicles 15:27 ), in which to minister in the Tabernacle (1 Samuel 2:19 ; 15:27 ; Job 2:12 )
Kohathites - The Kohathites, along with the Gershonites and Merarites, were placed around the Tabernacle and were charged with caring for and moving it. The Kohathites were to camp on the south side of the Tabernacle and were responsible to care for and move the ark, table, lampstand, altars, vessels of the sanctuary, and the screen (Numbers 3:29-31 )
Nob - Here the Tabernacle was then standing, and here Ahimelech the priest resided
Elkanah - Piously repaired yearly to Shiloh to sacrifice at the Tabernacle
Shittah Tree, Shittim - The woof of this tree --perhaps the Acacia seyal is more definitely signified --was extensively employed in the construction of the Tabernacle
Caleb - The carrying out of this threat is frustrated by the appearance of the Shekinah (‘the glory of the Lord’) in the Tabernacle ( Numbers 14:10 )
Aholah - , "she (Samaria, or the northern kingdom of Israel) has a Tabernacle of her own"; namely, Jeroboam's golden calves of Dan and Bethel; "will worship" (Colossians 2:23)
Asaph - Levite musician David appointed to serve in the Tabernacle until the Temple was completed (1 Chronicles 6:39 )
Appearance - There was upon the Tabernacle as it were the appearance of fire
Hup'Pim - The Jewish tradition is that he was the husband of Miriam, and that he was identical with ...
The grandfather of Bezaleel, the chief artificer of the Tabernacle
Ephraim, the Tribe of - The Tabernacle and the ark were deposited within its limits at Shiloh, where it remained for four hundred years. It was not till the close of the first period of Jewish history that God 'refused the Tabernacle of Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim, but chose the tribe of Judah, the Mount Zion which he loved' (Psalm 78:67,68 )
the Brazen Altar - ...
To the Hebrew believers it was said, "We have an altar whereof they have no right to eat which serve the Tabernacle. As still serving the Tabernacle they had no right to the christian's altar
Naz'Arite, - When the period of his vow was fulfilled he was brought to the door of the Tabernacle, and was required to offer a he lamb for a burnt offering, a ewe lamb for a sin offering, and a ram for a peace offering, with the usual accompaniments of peace offerings, (Leviticus 7:12,13 ) and of the offering made at the consecration of priests. (Numbers 6:17 ) He was to cut off the hair of "the head of his separation "(that is, the hair which had grown during the period of his consecration) at the door of the Tabernacle, and to put it into the fire under the sacrifice on the altar
Type - If the Tabernacle be taken as an illustration, the type or pattern was seen in the mount, that is, figuratively in heaven, and the Tabernacle itself was the antitype. Then again, the Tabernacle may be taken as a type, and the saints now, as forming the house of God, the antitype. ...
(Consider also the various offerings, the Tabernacle and its vessels, the smitten rock, cedar trees, vine, etc
Temple, the - One thing that materially distinguishes the temple from the Tabernacle is that God said of it, "Mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually:" it referred to the kingdom and a settled order of things; whereas the Tabernacle was typical of God's ways, and gave the idea of movement. " The Tabernacle had no flooring, the priests trod the earth; but in the temple they were separated from the earth by a flooring. The candlesticks, tables of showbread, golden altar, brazen altar, and laver (with ten smaller ones in addition, see LAVER), were similar to those in the Tabernacle. It was formed after the pattern of the Tabernacle, being a rectangle of sixty cubits by twenty, and its height thirty cubits: the holy of holies was a cube of twenty cubits; the holy (place) was forty cubits by twenty, with a porch in front of ten cubits by twenty
Shiloh - " Here the Tabernacle was set up after the Conquest (Joshua 18:1-10 ), where it remained during all the period of the judges till the ark fell into the hands of the Philistines
Kohath - side of the Tabernacle, to bear (Numbers 4:15) the ark, the table, the candlestick, the altars, and vessels of the sanctuary, and the hangings, but not to take off the coverings put on by the sons of Aaron or touch them, on pain of death; Uzzah's fatal error (2 Samuel 6:6-7)
Shadow - 1: σκιά (Strong's #4639 — Noun Feminine — skia — skee'-ah ) is used (a) of "a shadow," caused by the interception of light, Mark 4:32 , Acts 5:15 ; metaphorically of the darkness and spiritual death of ignorance, Matthew 4:16 ; Luke 1:79 ; (b) of "the image" or "outline" cast by an object, Colossians 2:17 , of ceremonies under the Law; of the Tabernacle and its appurtenances and offerings, Hebrews 8:5 ; of these as appointed under the Law, Hebrews 10:1
Weaving - The Israelites were probably acquainted with the process before their sojourn in Egypt; but it was undoubtedly there that they attained the proficiency which enabled them to execute the hangings of the Tabernacle, (Exodus 35:35 ; 1 Chronicles 4:21 ) and other artistic textures
Almond - Exodus 25:33 (c) The almond on the golden candlestick in the Tabernacle is a type of the fruitfulness which will characterize that one who sheds abroad the light of life in his life
Cherub - The hieroglyphical and emblematical figures embroidered on the vails of the Tabernacle are called cherubs of curious or skilful work
Ephod - Apparently, the ephod of the high priest was not only worn by the high priest, but also prominently displayed in the Tabernacle. See Priests ; Tabernacle ; Ark of the Covenant ; Teraphim
Presence of God - The presence of God was also closely related to the Tabernacle, the place for ancient Israel to encounter God in worship. The Tabernacle was the place of the Lord's name or glory, a manifestation of God's presence and activity in the world (Exodus 40:34 ,John 21:1-1404:38 )
Embroidery And Needlework - Similarly in connexion with certain fabrics of the Tabernacle and the high priest’s girdle, for ‘wrought with needlework’ RV
If, as is generally believed, the Priests’ Code was compiled in Babylonia, we may trace the influence of the latter in the embroideries introduced into the Tabernacle screens and elsewhere (reff
Veil - This is the only reference to the veil of the Temple in the NT, that in Hebrews being to the veil of the Tabernacle. = (1) מָסָךְ, the curtain before the door of the Holy Place and before the gate of the fore-court in the Tabernacle; and (2) פָרכָח, the curtain between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies (similarly Philo, Vita Moysis, iii. ...
In Hebrews 10:20 the veil of the Tabernacle is interpreted as symbolizing the corporeal nature of Christ, and in later mysticism phenomenal existence is termed ‘the veil
Veil - This is the only reference to the veil of the Temple in the NT, that in Hebrews being to the veil of the Tabernacle. = (1) מָסָךְ, the curtain before the door of the Holy Place and before the gate of the fore-court in the Tabernacle; and (2) פָרכָח, the curtain between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies (similarly Philo, Vita Moysis, iii. ...
In Hebrews 10:20 the veil of the Tabernacle is interpreted as symbolizing the corporeal nature of Christ, and in later mysticism phenomenal existence is termed ‘the veil
Priest, Christ as - It was their assignment to serve the Lord with dignity and honor in the Tabernacle and later in the temple, representing the people in the presence of God (Hebrews 7:6-10 ; Numbers 3:5-10 ). The extensive cultic instructions concerning sacrificial and ceremonial duties in the Tabernacle and temple overshadow their responsibility to teach the truth of God (Exodus 7:1 ; Leviticus 10:11 ; Deuteronomy 17:11 ; 27:9-10 ; 33:10 ; Ezra 7:10-12,21 ), and soon this role is assumed by the prophets of Israel. ...
Although the Levites served in the Tabernacle and temple, caring for its furnishings and maintenance, and assisting the priests (1 Chronicles 23:28-32 ), the responsibility of presenting offerings and leading ceremonial rituals was restricted to the levitical family of Aaron and his descendants (Numbers 3:5-10 ; 16:8-11 ; 2 Chronicles 13:9 ). The consecration continued with the daily sacrifice of two lambs a year old, and when completed, "the glory of the Lord filled the Tabernacle" (Exodus 40:35 ). Jesus has become the High Priest in the true Tabernacle (8:2), which is not of this world (9:11). Shoemaker...
See also Christ, Christology ; Priest, Priesthood ; Tabernacle ; Temple ...
Perfection - There was no chair in the Tabernacle nor the temple
Badger - Badger skins were the outer covering of the Tabernacle, in the wilderness; and of the ark, the table, the candlestick, the golden altar, and altar of burnt offering (Numbers 4:6-14)
Consecration - Aaron and his sons ate of the flesh and other consecrations at the door of the Tabernacle
Scarlet - ...
Exodus 25:4 (c) It may be that this color all through the Tabernacle equipment served to remind the Israelites that the blood was always essential in every part of life and service
Camp And Encamp - The Tabernacle was placed in the centre; and round it were the tents of the house of Levi, in four divisions; Moses and Aaron, with the priests, on the east side, the Gershonites westward, Numbers 3:1-51, the Kohathites southward, and the Memrites northward
Heifer - ...
The animal was to be delivered to the priest, who was to lead her forth out of the camp, and there to slay her; the priest was then to take of the blood with his finger, and sprinkle it seven times before the Tabernacle, and afterward to burn the carcass: then to take cedar wood and hyssop, and scarlet wood, and cast them into the flames
Ahimelech - During his priesthood the Tabernacle was at Nob, where Ahimelech, with other priests, had their habitation
Lamp - light shall be dark in his Tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him
Gilgal - Here the Tabernacle rested, until its removal to Shiloh; here also, according to the prevalent opinion, Samuel offered sacrifices, and held his court as a judge of Israel; and here Saul was crowned, 1 Samuel 7:16 10:8 11:15 1 Samuel 13:7-9 15:33
Camp, Encampments - " The whole body of the people consisted of six hundred thousand fighting men, besides women and children, Numbers 1:2 ; and was disposed into four battalions, so arranged as to enclose the Tabernacle in a square, and each under one general standard, Numbers 2:3
Horn - ...
Ornamental horns projected from the four corners of the altars of the Tabernacle
Levite - They were the special guardians of the Tabernacle (Numbers 1:51 ; 18:22-24 ). The Gershonites pitched their tents on the west of the Tabernacle (3:23), the Kohathites on the south (3:29), the Merarites on the north (3:35), and the priests on the east (3:38)
Cherubim - (χερουβίμ)...
Among the symbolic ornaments of the Tabernacle the writer of Hebrews mentions ‘the cherubim of glory overshading the mercy-seat’ (Hebrews 9:5). In Solomon’s Temple there were two colossal cherubim whose out-spread wings filled the most holy place (1 Kings 6:23-28), but in the ideal description of the Tabernacle two much smaller figures are represented as standing on the ark of the covenant itself (which was only about four feet long), facing each other and overshadowing the place of God’s presence
Gibeon - They soon discovered their mistake, and, without revoking their promise of saving their lives, they condemned them to labour in carrying wood and water for the Tabernacle; and to other works, as slaves and captives; in which state of servitude they remained, till the entire dispersion of the Jewish nation, A. We neither know when, nor by whom, nor on what occasion, the Tabernacle and altar of burnt sacrifices, made by Moses in the wilderness, were removed to Gibeon; but this we certainly know, that, toward the end of David's reign, and in the beginning of Solomon's, they were there, ...
1 Chronicles 21:29-30
Ark of the Covenant - It was planned during Moses' first sojourn on Sinai and built after all the Tabernacle specifications had been communicated and completed. The ark was the most important object within the Tabernacle of the desert period, though its relationship to the Tabernacle was discontinued sometime after the conquest of Canaan. See Holy of Holies ; Mercy Seat ; Tabernacle ; Temple
Ark - The ark was deposited in the "holy of holies," and was so placed that one end of the poles by which it was carried touched the veil which separated the two apartments of the Tabernacle (1 Kings 8:8 ). (See Tabernacle) The ark and the sanctuary were "the beauty of Israel" (Lamentations 2:1 ). After the settlement of Israel in Palestine the ark remained in the Tabernacle at Gilgal for a season, and was then removed to Shiloh till the time of Eli, between 300,400 years (Jeremiah 7:12 ), when it was carried into the field of battle so as to secure, as they supposed, victory to the Hebrews, and was taken by the Philistines (1 Samuel 4:3-11 ), who sent it back after retaining it seven months (1 Samuel 5:7,8 )
Gibeon - Here the Tabernacle was set up after the destruction of Nob, and here it remained many years till the temple was built by Solomon. When the temple was built "all the men of Israel assembled themselves" to king Solomon, and brought up from Gibeon the Tabernacle and "all the holy vessels that were in the Tabernacle" to Jerusalem, where they remained till they were carried away by Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 24:13 )
Temple - (See JERUSALEM; Tabernacle. The temple retained the general proportions of the Tabernacle doubled; the length 60 cubits (90 ft. The height 30 cubits, twice the whole height of the Tabernacle (15 cubits) measuring from its roof, but the oracle 20 cubits (double the height of the Tabernacle walls, 10 cubits), making perfect cube like that of the Tabernacle, which was half, i. In front was a porch as broad as the temple, 20 cubits, and ten deep; whereas the Tabernacle porch was only five cubits deep and ten cubits wide. , or, adding the porch, 80 cubits, by 40 cubits, whereas that of the Tabernacle was 40 cubits by 20 cubits, i. The Tabernacle walls were ten cubits high, and the whole height 15 cubits, i. The furniture of the temple was the same mainly as that of the Tabernacle. Two cherubim were placed over the ark, much larger than those in the Tabernacle; they were ten cubits high, with wings five cubits long, the tips of which outstretched met over the ark, and in the other direction reached to the N. Their faces turned toward the house (2 Chronicles 3:13), not as in the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:20) toward the mercy-seat. The brazen altar of burnt offering was four times as large as that of the Tabernacle; 20 cubits on each side and in height, instead of five cubits (2 Chronicles 4:1). It was for the priests' washing, as the laver of the Tabernacle. As the sacrificial serrate at the Tabernacle at Gibeon and the ark service of sacred song for the 30 years of David's reign, before separate (2 Samuel 6:17; 2 Chronicles 1:3-4; called "the Tabernacle of David" Amos 9:11-12; Acts 15:16; 1 Chronicles 13:3; 1 Chronicles 16:37; 1 Chronicles 16:39), were combined in Solomon's temple, so the priestly intercessory functions of our High priest in heaven and our service of prayer and praise carried on separately on earth, during our Judaeo universal dispensation, shall in the millennial temple at Jerusalem be combined in perfection, namely, Christ's priesthood manifested among men and our service of outward and inward liturgy
Ostensorium - The ostensorium was also called "tabernacle," and under this name there is a special blessing for it in the Roman Pontifical
Monstrance - The ostensorium was also called "tabernacle," and under this name there is a special blessing for it in the Roman Pontifical
Weaving - The Israelites learned from the Egyptians the art, and so could weave the Tabernacle curtains (Exodus 35:35)
Changers of Money - They set up their tables in the court of the Gentiles, to exchange at a price the foreign coin of Jews and proselytes coming from distant lands for the Hebrew half shekel (which was required from every adult from 20 years old and upward: Exodus 38:26) in presenting themselves to worship at the Tabernacle or temple
Bowl - ), the golden cup-like ornaments of the Tabernacle lampstand ( Exodus 25:31 AV Ointment - No one could use this ointment but those in the Tabernacle
Incense - Precise instructions were given as to how the sweet incense was to be made that was burnt in the Tabernacle
Heifer, Red - No part came on the altar; even the blood was not sprinkled there, but before the Tabernacle, and not by the high priest but by his son. Not the blood but the "ashes" were what purified the flesh; the blood-sprinkling before the Tabernacle indicated a connection with atonement
Altar - The earlier Tabernacle had a similar altar made of acacia (or shittim, KJV) wood overlaid with bronze (Exodus 27:1-2 ). The Tabernacle altar was smaller, only 5 cubits square and 3 cubits high. The location of the altar of burnt offering of the Tabernacle and Solomon's Temple is not given specifically. Generally reconstructions of the Tabernacle and Temple locate the altar in the center of the courtyard, but the text seems to favor a location near the entrance of the Tabernacle/Temple structure. ...
Both the altar of the Tabernacle and that of Ezekiel are described as having horns
Numbers, the Book of - The Tabernacle and Moses remained at Kadesh on the first occasion, while Israel attempted to occupy Canaan too late (Numbers 14:44). The people spread about the ridges of Paran, while the Tabernacle and camp moved among them from place to place. The camp and Tabernacle, with the priests and chiefs, during the wanderings, were the nucleus and rallying point; and the encampments named in Numbers 33:18-36 are those at which the Tabernacle was pitched. ...
The directions for removing the Tabernacle (Numbers 3 and Numbers 4). The very inconsistency seeming between Numbers 4:3; Numbers 4:23; Numbers 4:30, fixing the Levites' limit of age to 30, and Numbers 8:24 appointing the age 25 (the reason being, the 30 was temporary, the number of able-bodied Levites between 30 and 50 sufficing for the conveyance of the Tabernacle in the wilderness; but, when Israel was in Canaan, the larger number afforded by the earlier limit 25 to 50 was required: David enlarged the number, as the needs of the sanctuary service required, by reducing the age for entrance to 20 (1 Chronicles 23:24-28), younger men being able then for the work, carrying the Tabernacle being no longer needed). The Tabernacle is presupposed near, which is true only while Israel was in the wilderness; "Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites" (Numbers 21:13), could only be written in Moses' time; the Amorites were not yet supplanted by the two and a half tribes: Numbers 32
Numbers, Book of - "...
The book opens with the numbering of the people, and then the arrangement of the tribes around the Tabernacle. ...
Numbers 4 gives instruction as to the moving of the Tabernacle and the care to be taken. When journeying the sacred things of the Tabernacle in general were to be covered with skins, to preserve from defilement, over a covering of blue: typical of the heavenly character of the assembly as the vessel of the testimony of Christ in the wilderness, in separation from evil. ...
Numbers 7 : Here are given the offerings of the princes at the dedication of the Tabernacle and of the altar, each tribe having its appointed day. When Moses entered into the Tabernacle he heard "one speaking unto him from off the mercy seat that was upon the ark of testimony, from between the two cherubim:" cf. Then instructions were given as to their movements, depending on the cloud that covered the Tabernacle. ...
By the budding of Aaron's rod God bore witness as to whom He had chosen for the priesthood, and He gave instructions as to the responsibility and the portions of the priests and Levites; the people were not to draw nigh the Tabernacle. The book is the obverse of Exodus, in which we have the actings of God — His redemption of the people; His resources for them in the wilderness; the declaration of His will; and the setting up among them of the Tabernacle — all this was God's side
Congregation - The congregation were summonded together by the sound of two silver trumpets, and they met at the door of the Tabernacle (Numbers 10:3 )
Heifer, Red - The red heifer was killed outside the camp, and its blood was sprinkled by the priest seven times directly before the Tabernacle
Zimri - When Israel were being plagued for the impure worship of Baal Peor, and were weeping and craving mercy before the Tabernacle, Zimri shamelessly brought a Midianitess, Cozbi daughter of Zur, into the dome-shaped tent (qubbah , the al-cove, or arched inner recess appropriated to the women, or else a tent appropriated to Peor's vile worship) in sight of Moses and the congregation
Pillar - The word ammud occurs many times for the pillars of the Tabernacle and the temple
Holy - Holy of holies, in Scripture, the innermost apartment of the Jewish Tabernacle or temple, where the ark was kept,and where no person entered, except the high priest, once a year
Mercy Seat - for the mercy seat in the Tabernacle and for the Lord Himself, "whom God hath set forth to be a mercy seat," ἱλαστήριον
Type - So also Moses was to make the Tabernacle according to the type or model he had seen in the mount, Acts 7:44
Oil - For lamps, also, pure olive oil was regarded as the best, and was used in illuminating the Tabernacle
Levite - Their zeal for the Lord caused the male Levites (except for Aaron's family, who were already designated as priests) to be set apart as caretakers of the Tabernacle and as aides to the priests (Numbers 1:47-53 ). Each clan in the tribe now had specific duties related to the Tabernacle (Numbers 3:14-18 ). ...
In Deuteronomy, with a view to entering the land, the Levites were given an additional duty since their Tabernacle transport obligations would be diminished. They were "set apart, " handled the sacred articles of the Tabernacle, served as substitutes for the firstborn who belonged to God, taught the law of God, served as judges, enhanced the worship at the temple in music, and guarded the treasures and moneys associated with the temple, but did not serve as mediators of the covenant
Goat - Of this, one of the coverings of the Tabernacle was made, Exodus 25:4; Exodus 26:7; and it was on this material that in all probability Paul was employed
Cup - In addition, the term cup was used to designate the receptacles for holding lamps on the lampstand of the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:31-35 NAS)
Korah - On the morning after the outbreak, Korah and his associates presented themselves at the door of the Tabernacle, and "took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid incense thereon
Altar - We have (saith Paul) an altar whereof they have no right to eat which serve the Tabernacle
Embroider - In Exodus 26:1, "the Tabernacle curtains with cherubims of cunning work," rather "of the work of the skilled weaver"; chosheeb , one who thinks and counts
Bronze - It was used in construction for hinges, pillars, and gates as well as for decoration in important buildings, such as the Tabernacle ( Exodus 25-27 ; Exodus 30:18 ; Exodus 31:4 ; Exodus 35-39 ), palace, and the Temple (1 Kings 7:13-47 NAS)
Washing - The priests' hands and feet alone were washed in the daily Tabernacle ministrations (Exodus 30:18-20)
Almond Tree - Exodus 25:33-34; in the Tabernacle the candlesticks had "bowls made in the form of the almond flower" or "nut," most graceful in shape; perhaps the pointed nut within was the design for the cup, the sarcocarp containing the oil, and the flame shaped nut of gold emitting the light from its apex
Cloud - When they constructed the Tabernacle Jehovah promised to appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat
Jealousy, - The woman was required to drink bitter water, composed of 'holy water,' in which was placed dust from the floor of the Tabernacle (type of the Holy Spirit applying what death is, as God's judgement of sin, by the word to the conscience)
Sea - Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities; thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a Tabernacle that shall not be taken down, not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken: but there the glorious Lord will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams, wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby
Candlestick - ...
THE GOLDEN CANDLESTICK in the Tabernacle and Temple with its seven lamps is minutely described in Exodus 25:31-40 : it is also called the 'pure candlestick
Fashion - The make or form of any thing the state of any thing with regard to its external appearance shape as the fashion of the ark, or of the Tabernacle
Gibeon - In the days of Solomon, before the temple was built, the Tabernacle was pitched at Gibeon, and thither Solomon went and offered a thousand sacrifices, and there God appeared to him in a dream, and gave him the desire of his heart — wisdom and understanding
Altar - When the Tabernacle was made, minute instructions were given to Moses, and he was to make everything as had been shownhim in the mount
Golden Candlesticks - Of the Jewish church we read of one candlestick of gold, with six branches, in the Tabernacle, (Exodus 25:31-32) But here we read of seven candlesticks, and the Lord Jesus in the midst
Nakedness - Most commentators are of opinion, that the priests served in the Tabernacle with their feet naked; and afterward in the temple
Nethinims - The Nethinims were servants who had been given up to the service of the Tabernacle and temple, to perform the meanest and most laborious services therein, in supplying wood and water
High Places - Prideaux thinks it probable that the proseuchae, open courts, built like those in which the people prayed at the Tabernacle and the temple, were the same as those called high places in the Old Testament
Ephraim - The ark and Tabernacle remained long in this tribe at Shiloh; and after the separation of the ten tribes, the seat of the kingdom was in Ephraim, and hence Ephraim is frequently used to denote the whole kingdom
Iron - We do not, however, find that Moses made use of iron in the fabric of the Tabernacle in the wilderness, or Solomon in any part of the temple at Jerusalem
Temple - In Scripture, the Tabernacle is sometimes called by this name
Court - ...
2: αὐλή (Strong's #833 — Noun Feminine — aule — ow-lay' ) primarily, "an uncovered space around a house, enclosed by a wall, where the stables were," hence was used to describe (a) "the courtyard of a house;" in the OT it is used of the "courts" of the Tabernacle and Temple; in this sense it is found in the NT in Revelation 11:2 ; (b) "the courts in the dwellings of well-to-do folk," which usually had two, one exterior, between the door and the street (called the proaulion, or "porch," Mark 14:68 ), the other, interior, surrounded by the buildings of the dwellings, as in Matthew 26:69 (in contrast to the room where the judges were sitting); Mark 14:66 ; Luke 22:55 ; AV, "hall;" RV "court" gives the proper significance, Matthew 26:3,58 ; Mark 14:54 ; 15:16 (RV, "Praetorium"); Luke 11:21 ; John 18:15
Continual, Continually - ...
A — 2: διαπαντός (Strong's #1275 — Adverb — dia pantos — dee-ap-an-tos' ) is used of a "period throughout or during which anything is done;" it is said of the disciples' "continuance" in the Temple after the ascension of Christ, Luke 24:53 ; of the regular entrance of the priests into the first Tabernacle, Hebrews 9:6 , RV (AV "always"); of the constant sacrifice of praise enjoined upon believers, Hebrews 13:15
Ephod - ...
The high priest’s ephod was made of multi-coloured embroidered linen similar to the curtains of the Tabernacle, but with gold thread woven into the cloth (Exodus 39:2-3; cf
Encampment - The earthly camp exhibited the perfect symmetry of the church; the Tabernacle in the middle denoted the dependence of all on Jehovah and the access of all to Him. Judah had the post of honor in front of the curtain of the Tabernacle, along with Issachar and Zebulun, all three Leah's children, and led the van on march
Tent, Tent-Making - ’ This occurs in Hebrews 11:9 Revised Version , where ‘tents’ replaces ‘tabernacles’ of Authorized Version . Other passages containing σκηνή are dealt with under article Tabernacle. Of the derived meanings the only one that need be remarked on is found in 2 Corinthians 5:1; 2 Corinthians 5:4, where σκῆνος (τό) in the sense of ‘tabernacle’ or ‘bodily frame’ evidently arises from the ‘light tent-house that has no permanency’ (A
Immanuel - In the Old Testament God's presence with his people Israel was particularly evident in the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:8 ), but the glory that filled the Tabernacle was surpassed by the personal presence of God the Son as he revealed the Father during his ministry on earth
Exodus - The book relates the history of Israel from the death of Joseph to the erection of the Tabernacle in the second year of the Exodus. But the mention of the Tabernacle in Exodus 16:34 proves the story to belong to a later date than the stay at Sinai, since the Tabernacle was not in existence before Sinai. He remains (probably for 40 days) to receive plans for a sanctuary, with Jahweh’s promise to meet with Israel (in the Tent of Meeting) and to dwell with Israel (in the Tabernacle) ( Exodus 25:1 to Exodus 31:18 a, Exodus 32:15 ). He returns ( Exodus 34:29-35 ), deposits the testimony in an ark he has caused to be prepared, and constructs the Tabernacle ( Exodus 34:35 )
Temple - --It was David who first proposed to replace the Tabernacle by a more permanent building, but was forbidden for the reasons assigned by the prophet Nathan, (2 Samuel 7:5 ) etc. In this and all other essential points the temple followed the model of the Tabernacle, from which it differed chiefly by having chambers built about the sanctuary for the abode of the priests and attendants and the keeping of treasures and stores. In all its dimensions, length, breadth and height, the sanctuary itself was exactly double the size of the Tabernacle, the ground plan measuring 80 cubits by 40, while that of the Tabernacle was 40 by 20, and the height of the temple being 30 cubits, while that of the Tabernacle was 15.  As in the Tabernacle, the temple consisted of three parts, the porch, the holy place, and the holy of holies. (1 Kings 7:15-22 ) The places of the two "veils" of the Tabernacle were occupied by partitions, in which were folding-doors. The outer court was no doubt double the size of that of the Tabernacle; and we may therefore safely assume that if was 10 cubits in height, 100 cubits north and south, and 200 east and west
Leviticus - Exodus 26-27 give the Lord's instruction for the building of the Tabernacle, the place of worship during ancient Israel's sojourn in the wilderness. These instructions are carried out and the Tabernacle accepted as an appropriate place of worship ( Exodus 35-40 ). One of the primary tasks of the priests was to offer sacrifice at the Tabernacle. ...
Leviticus 6-7 provide further instruction on sacrifice for the priests, and Leviticus 8-10 describe the beginning of sacrifice at the Tabernacle. Regular worship in the Tabernacle was to include the constant burning of the lamp. Also of importance in the Tabernacle was the bread which symbolized the relationship between God and ancient Israel and reminded the people that God gives the gift of food. Also here was the Feast of Tabernacles, a harvest festival remembering the time in the wilderness
Type - In John 20:25 it denotes the impression left by a stroke (‘the print of the nails’); in Acts 7:43 the figure or image of a god; in Acts 23:25 a form of writing; in Romans 6:17 a form of teaching; in Acts 7:44,Hebrews 8:5 a pattern or model for the making of the Tabernacle. Paul contrasts the two covenants, in Hebrews 9:9, where the author represents the first Tabernacle as a παραβολή ‘for the time now present,’ and very notably in Hebrews 5:7, where he works out at length the relation between Melchizedek, ‘made like unto the Son of God’ (Hebrews 7:3), and Jesus Himself, ‘a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek’ (Hebrews 5:6 etc. Ephesians 2:11,Philippians 3:3), the expiatory sacrifices of Tabernacle and temple in the self-surrender of Christ to God on our behalf (Ephesians 5:2), the free-will offerings in those gifts of Christian liberality which are a sacrifice acceptable to God (Philippians 4:18), the whole Levitical service (λατρεία; cf. ), the method of its apologetic argument is given when the legal service of Tabernacle and temple is described as ‘a copy and shadow of the heavenly things’ (Hebrews 8:5 Revised Version ), and the Levitical Law generally as ‘having a shadow of the good things to come, not the very image of the things’ (Hebrews 10:1). The Tabernacle that Moses pitched pointed to the true Tabernacle which the Lord pitched and not man (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 8:5), and so became ‘a parable for the time now present’ (Hebrews 9:9), i. In all these cases of contrast between the Tabernacle made with hands and the greater and more perfect Tabernacle, between the earthly ministry of the Levitical priesthood and the ministry of Christ Himself, the relation of type and antitype is made perfectly apparent. The seven lamps of the golden lampstand in the Tabernacle become types of the Seven Churches themselves (Revelation 1:12; Revelation 1:20); Israel’s kings and priests, of a kingdom and priesthood to God already enjoyed by all whom Jesus has loosed from their sins by His blood (Revelation 1:5 f. The Tabernacle in the wilderness anticipated that ‘tabernacle of God’ in which He shall dwell for ever with His people and they with Him (Revelation 21:3 f
Priest, Priesthood - ...
Second, the covenant ratification ritual in Exodus 24:3-8 actually inaugurated Israel as a "kingdom of priests, " that is, a nation that had direct access to God through his presence in the Tabernacle and to which they would come and worship. Moses functioned as the original priest of Israel by initially consecrating (1) the whole kingdom of priests (Exodus 24:3-8 ), (2) the perpetual priesthood of Aaron and his descendants, who would in turn mediate for that kingdom of priests (Exodus 29 ; Leviticus 8 ), and (3) the Tabernacle (Numbers 7:1 ). ...
Initially, the duties of the Levites in assisting the priests focused on such tasks as the transportation of the Tabernacle (see, e. , Numbers 3-4 ; 1 Chronicles 15:2 ) and guarding the doorway to the Tabernacle (see, e. ...
First, they had the oversight of the various offerings and sacrifices in the Tabernacle, certain specific responsibilities regarding the actual handling of the blood, fat, flesh, and special portions, and the benefit of certain parts of the offerings as their payment for performing the requisite rituals. ...
There were also daily, weekly, monthly, and periodic festival offerings that the priests were responsible to offer as part of the regular pattern of Tabernacle worship (Numbers 28-29 ). Since the Lord was physically present within the physical Tabernacle structure in their midst, therefore, the physical purity of Israel was essential to the habitation of the Lord among them (note the contrast between cleansing the "flesh" by the Old Testament sacrifices as opposed to the cleansing of the "conscience" by the sacrifice of Christ in Hebrews 9:8-10,13-14 )
Holy - ” This applies to places where God is present, like the Temple and the Tabernacle, and to things and persons related to those holy places or to God Himself. ...
Portrayed in the sacrificial system, in Tabernacle, Temple, priesthood, and in the cross. The Tabernacle and Temple filled this purpose
Samuel - In accordance with a promise made before Samuel’s birth, his mother took him as a young child to the Tabernacle at Shiloh, where she dedicated him to God for life-long service. He grew up to become Eli’s helper in the duties of the Tabernacle (1 Samuel 2:18). The religious life of Israel now centred on Samuel, who set up an altar of sacrifice in Ramah (for the Philistines had destroyed the Tabernacle; Psalms 78:60-61; Jeremiah 7:14)
Ark of the Covenant - Like the ark with the Philistines Messiah was the captive of the grave for a brief space, but with triumph He rose again; and as when the ark went up to the Tabernacle reared for it by David on Zion, so on Christ's ascending the heavenly mount the glorious anthem arose: "Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, and the King of glory shall come in" (Psalm 24). But the stroke on Uzza, and the rearing of the Tabernacle for it in Zion by David, after its long abode of 20 years in Kirjath Jearim, in Abinadab's house, recovered for it all its sanctity. ...
The altar of burnt offering where the sacrifices were offered continued separate from it at Gibeon, the "great high place" (1 Kings 3:4) (in the Tabernacle of the ark on Zion the service was song and praise alone) until the two were reunited in the temple of Solomon, a type of the gospel separation of the spiritual service of prayer and praise going on here below, from the priestly intercession being carried on above by our Lord Jesus. In the Tabernacle the ark was withdrawn from view in the mysterious holy of holies. The originality of the Tabernacle furniture and arrangements is more striking than the superficial resemblances which have been traced to pagan usages
Candles, Blessed - Among the furnishings of the Tabernacle of Moses and the Jewish Temple there was a seven-branched candlestick; and among pagans the use of lights in services and processions was common
Bochim - Shiloh, not Gilgal, was the place of meeting for the nation at the Tabernacle set up there (Joshua 18:1-10)
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament - Then with his hands covered by a veil pendent: from his shoulders he makes the sign of the cross over the congregation with the ostensorium; after which the consecrated Host is replaced in the Tabernacle
Hymn, Candle-Light - Among the furnishings of the Tabernacle of Moses and the Jewish Temple there was a seven-branched candlestick; and among pagans the use of lights in services and processions was common
Manoah - " And the name Wonderful is Christ's well-known name (Isaiah 9:6) Reader, what think you of the subject? Was it not Jesus, as if longing for the time of his coming to Tabernacle openly with his people?...
Face - These four figures were embroidered on the four banners which were displayed in the four camps of Israel as they encamped around the Tabernacle, three on each of the four sides
Fire - When Aaron began his ministrations in the Tabernacle fire came out "from before the Lord, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat
Court - The Tabernacle had one court the temple, three
Vail, Veil - ...
THE VEIL OF THE Tabernacle AND OF THE TEMPLEwitnessed to the fact that under the dispensation of the law the way into the holiest was not made manifest: God had not come out in full blessing, and man could not go in
Feasts - The feast of Tabernacles or of Ingathering. On each of these occasions every male Israelite was commanded to "appear before the Lord," that is, to attend in the court of the Tabernacle or the temple, and to make his offering with a joyful heart
Sanctify - Ub the Old Testament, sanctification frequently denotes the ceremonial or ritual consecration of any person or thing to God: thus the Hebrews as a people were holy unto the Lord, through the covenant with its rites and atoning sacrifices, Exodus 31:13 ; and the Jewish Tabernacle, altar, priest, etc
Moloch - " Acts 7:43, "the Tabernacle of Moloch" (like the sacred tent of the Carthaginians: Diodorus 20:65), the shrine in which the image was concealed; containing also possibly the bones of sacrificed children used for magic. The portable model "tabernacle" (compare Demetrius' silver shrines of Diana, Acts 19:24) was small enough to escape Moses' notice
Temple - The Israelite temple, like the Tabernacle before it, was only a symbol of God’s presence. God’s original plan for such a dwelling place was the Tabernacle, which, being a tent, was a movable shrine that could be set up anywhere. All three temples were based on the plan of the Tabernacle, though they were larger and they included additional features
Tabernacle - According to these arrangements, Israel’s place of worship was to be a Tabernacle, or tent, set up in the centre of the camp. This Tabernacle was the symbol of God’s presence, a sign that God dwelt among his people. ...
The Tabernacle was designed so that it could be easily put together, taken apart and transported
Altar - This altar was placed in the open air, that the smoke might not sully the inside of the Tabernacle or temple. ...
Sacrifices according to the laws of Moses, could not be offered except by the priests; and at any other place than on the altar of the Tabernacle or the temple. The necessity of sacrificing at one altar, (that of the Tabernacle or temple,) is frequently and emphatically insisted on, Deuteronomy 12:13-14 ; and all other altars are disapproved, Leviticus 26:30 , compare Joshua 22:9-34
Red - These red ram skins covered all the Tabernacle
Unction - They also anointed the sacred vessels of the Tabernacle and temple, to sanctify and consecrate them to the service of God
Face - ” In other contexts, the word represents the “front side” of something: “And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselvesand shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the Tabernacle” (Testimony - In Revelation 15:5 , in the phrase, "the temple of the Tabernacle of the testimony in Heaven," the "testimony" is the witness to the rights of God, denied and refused on earth, but about to be vindicated by the exercise of the judgments under the pouring forth of the seven bowls or vials of Divine retribution
Veil - ...
For the "veil of the temple," see Tabernacle and TEMPLE
Purple - Moses used much wool dyed of a crimson and used much wool dyed of a crimson and purple color in the work of the Tabernacle, and in the ornaments of the high priest, Exodus 25:4 26:1,31,36 39:12 Chronicles 3:14
Shewbread - ...
The table of shewbread to be provided for the Tabernacle of P Altar - ...
In the Tabernacle, and afterwards in the temple, two altars were erected. This altar, as erected in the Tabernacle, is described in Exodus 27:1-8
Saints - God was unapproachable in the Tabernacle or temple by the ordinary individual, being accessible only to the priests and only under carefully specified conditions. His presence (the Shekinah) dwelled in the Holy of Holies or the Most Holy Place, the most remote and inaccessible place in the wilderness Tabernacle and later in the Jerusalem temple
Blood - In other places, the phrase “to shed blood” refers to a non-ritualistic slaughter of an animal: “What man soever there be of the house of Israel, that killeth an ox, or lamb … in the camp, or that killeth it out of the camp, and bringeth it not unto the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation, to offer an offering unto the Lord before the Tabernacle of the Lord; blood  shall be imputed unto that man” (Ark - The writer of Hebrews mentions the ark of the covenant (τὴν κιβωτὸν τῆς διαθήκης) as the innermost and most sacred piece of furniture contained in the Tabernacle. , the Tabernacle with all its sacred furniture was hidden by Jeremiah (or, according to the Talmud, by Josiah) in a cava of Mt
Watch - Mishmereth refers to the priestly or Levitical service itself: “Therefore shall ye abide at the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation day and night seven days, and keep the charge of the Lord …” ( Tabernacle of testimony” (Ark - The most important piece of the Tabernacle's furniture. The ark, when transported, was covered with the "veil" of the dismantled Tabernacle, in the curtain of badgers' skins, and in a blue cloth over all, and was therefore not seen. It sojourned among several, probably Levitical, famines, 1 Samuel 7:1; 2 Samuel 6:3; 2 Samuel 6:11; 1 Chronicles 13:13; 1 Chronicles 15:24-25, in the border villages of eastern Judah, and did not take its place in the Tabernacle, but dwelt in curtains, i
Levites - God chose the Levites for the service of his Tabernacle and temple, instead of the firstborn of all Israel, to whom such duties naturally belonged, and who were already sacred to God in memory of the great deliverance in Egypt. In the wilderness, the Levites took charge of the Tabernacle and its contents; and conveyed it from place to place, each of the three families having a separate portion, Numbers 1:51 4:1-49 1 Chronicles 15:2,27
Leviticus - He then gave his plans for a central (but portable) place of worship, the Tabernacle, and for a priesthood to oversee religious affairs (Exodus 25- 40). ...
Contents of the book...
With the Tabernacle now completed, God gave the Israelite people his regulations for the sacrifices
Glory - When God’s glory, symbolizing his presence, filled the Tabernacle and later the temple, its brightness was so intense that no human being could look upon it (Exodus 40:34-35; 1 Kings 8:11; see SHEKINAH). The presence of God once dwelt in the world in the glory that filled the Tabernacle or temple, but now that glory dwelt in the world in the form of a human being (John 1:14; James 2:1)
Armies - In the encampment of the Israelites, it appears that the holy Tabernacle occupied the centre. In reference to this circumstance, it may be remarked, that it is the common practice in the east, for the prince or leader of a tribe to have his tent pitched in the centre of the others; and it ought not to be forgotten, that God, whose tent or palace was the holy Tabernacle, was the prince, the leader of the Hebrews. The tents nearest to the Tabernacle were those of the Levites, whose business it was to watch it, in the manner of a Pretorian guard. The priests occupied a position to the east, opposite to the entrance of the Tabernacle, Numbers 1:53 ; Numbers 3:21-38
le'Vites - As the Tabernacle was the sign of the presence among the people of their unseen King, so the Levites were, among the other tribes of Israel, as the royal guard that waited exclusively on him. (Numbers 4:22-26 ) (3) The heavier burden of the boards, bars and pillars of the Tabernacle fell on the sons of Merari. In the worship of the Tabernacle under David, as afterward in that of the temple, the Levites were the gatekeepers, vergers, sacristans, choristers, of the central sanctuary of the nation
Leviticus - Given between the setting up of the Tabernacle and its departure from Sinai, i. ...
(3) Holiness shown in the holy convocations, sabbaths, perpetual light in the Tabernacle, shewbread, Leviticus 23-24. As Jehovah drew nigh Israel in the Tabernacle, so Israel drew nigh Jehovah in the offering
Stephen - Secondly, there is the suggestion that since God was worshipped acceptably long before temple or even Tabernacle (after which the Temple was modelled, the Tabernacle itself being but a copy of the heavenly Tabernacle seen on the mount) was built, and again since God was acceptably worshipped in spots far removed from the Land of Canaan, and Solomon, at the very moment of building the Temple, declared that God dwells not in ‘houses made with hands’ (Acts 7:48), it is at least possible that God may be worshipped, and worshipped acceptably, elsewhere than in the Temple
Ark - In older English versions of the Bible, the word is used of Noah’s floating animal-house (Genesis 7:8-9), of the floating basket made for the baby Moses by his parents (Exodus 2:3-5), and of the sacred box in the inner shrine of Israel’s Tabernacle (Exodus 26:33). (For fuller details of the ark and for its significance in the Tabernacle rituals see Tabernacle
Burden - In Numbers 4:15 it is used of the items the sons of Kohath carried as they moved the Tabernacle from place to place in the wilderness
Benjamin - During the march its place was along with Manasseh and Ephraim on the west of the Tabernacle
Gad - The tribe of Gad during the march through the wilderness had their place with Simeon and Reuben on the south side of the Tabernacle (Numbers 2:14 )
Spices - Oil was used to anoint priests, and incense was burnt in the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:22-38; see OIL; INCENSE)
Naphtali, Tribe of - Along with Dan and Asher they formed "the camp of Dan," under a common standard (2:25-31), occupying a place during the march on the north side of the Tabernacle
Taxes - Early Israel only paid taxes to support the Tabernacle and the priests
Bowl - 122), and it is a familiar object in classical article In the Septuagint φιάλη denotes a bronze bowl or basin (מִזְרָק) used in the sacrificial ritual of Tabernacle or Temple (Exodus 27:3)-the vessel in which the priest caught the warm blood of the victim, to dash it upon the altar
Sheep - "Rams' skins dyed red" were used as a covering for the Tabernacle
Shepherd - "Rams' skins dyed red" were used as a covering for the Tabernacle
Colour - The hangings of the Tabernacle court (Exodus 27:9 ; 38:9 ), the coats, mitres, bonnets, and breeches of the priests (Exodus 39:27,28 ), and the dress of the high priest on the day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:4,32 ), were white. ...
These four colours--white, purple, blue, and scarlet--were used in the textures of the Tabernacle curtains (Exodus 26:1,31,36 ), and also in the high priest's ephod, girdle, and breastplate (Exodus 28:5,6,8,15 )
Rest - ...
B — 3: ἐπισκηνόω (Strong's #1981 — Verb — episkenoo — ep-ee-skay-no'-o ) "to spread a Tabernacle over" (epi, "upon," skene, "a tent"), is used metaphorically in 2 Corinthians 12:9 , "may rest upon (me)," RV, marg. , "cover," "spread a Tabernacle over
Candlestick - Exclusively that of the Tabernacle made of a. "...
It stood in the Tabernacle "without the veil" that shut in the holiest. In John 8:12, "I am the light of the world," there is allusion to the two colossal golden candlesticks lighted at the feast of Tabernacles (which was then being held: John 7:2-37) after the evening sacrifice in one of the temple courts, and casting their beams on mount Olivet and on Jerusalem
Witness - They were therefore called the testimony (Exodus 25:21), the ark of the covenant in which they were placed was called the ark of the testimony (Exodus 25:16), and the Tabernacle (or tent) in which the ark was kept was called the Tabernacle of the testimony (Exodus 38:21)
Numbers, Book of - Those who furnish the Tabernacle of God's presence with appropriate furnishings and utensils (Numbers 7-8 );...
F. See Aaron ; Balaam ; Eleazer; Joshua ; Moses ; Pentateuch ; Holy War; Sacred Calendar; Tabernacle ; Tribal Confederation
Fruit - Examples include myrrh (aromatic gum of the tree/bush of Arabia, Ethiopia, and Somalia), cinnamon (of the cinnamon tree), and olive oil for the sacred oil for the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:22-33 ); the fragrant spices of gum resin (the aromatic myrrh gum), onycha (made from mollusk shells), galbanum (resin from plant roots), and frankincense (resin from a small tree/bush from Ubar, Oman) for the sacred fragrant Tabernacle incense (Exodus 30:34-38 ); frankincense and myrrh given by the magi in their worship of Jesus (Matthew 2:11 ); the nard (perfume made from a Middle East plant) Mary poured out in worship on the feet of Jesus (John 12:3 ); the seventy-five-pound mixture of myrrh and aloes (aromatic resin of a Near Eastern tree) Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus used in wrapping up the body of Jesus (John 19:39-40 ) and the spices and perfumes the women took to the tomb to anoint the body of Jesus (Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56-24:1 )
Levites - The Levites marching from Sinai round the Tabernacle were the heavenly King's royal guard; none else was to approach it on pain of death (Numbers 1:51; Numbers 18:22; Numbers 4:3-30). ...
The priests occupied the eastern side of the Tabernacle, inside Judah the leading camp; the Kohathites the southern side, inside Reuben; the Gershonites the western side, inside Ephraim; the Merarites the northern, inside Daniel The aggregate of Gershonites (Numbers 3:22), Kohathites (Numbers 3:28), and Merarites (Numbers 3:34), is 22,300; but in the redemption 300 are deducted (probably the firstborn in Levi within the year that had elapsed since the command was issued, Numbers 3:40-43), and 22,000 taken as substituted for Israel's male firstborn. The Gershonites bore the tent hangings and curtains; the Merarites the Tabernacle boards, bars, and pillars; the Kohathites under Eleazar bore the vessels on their shoulders (Numbers 7:9); the Gershonites and Merarites under Ithamar (Numbers 4:28; Malachi 2:5-68), because of their weighty charge, were allowed oxen and wagons. A second tithe the Israelites used for the Tabernacle feasts and free will offerings, and of this second tithe the Levites should receive a share (Deuteronomy 14:23; Deuteronomy 14:27), especially when ministering (Deuteronomy 18:7-8). "The priests the Levites" on the peculiar use of Levites without distinction from the priests) were to determine controversies and to preserve the law in the side of the ark, and in the seventh year at the feast of Tabernacles read it before Israel, and pronounce the curses from Ebal (Deuteronomy 17:9-12; Deuteronomy 31:9-13; Deuteronomy 31:26; Deuteronomy 27:14). The heavier work being no longer needed of transporting the Tabernacle, and psalmody being their chief duty, they entered service as early as the age of 20 (1 Chronicles 23:24-27). At the feast of Tabernacles (Nehemiah 8:7-8) they road and explained the law; their tithes were again secured to them (Nehemiah 10:37-39), and they dwelt in villages round Jerusalem, and took their place at the dedication of the wall (Nehemiah 12:27-30), and kept the gates to ensure the sanctification of the sabbath (Nehemiah 12:22)
Sacrifice - It was around the one altar of the only true God in the Tabernacle, and afterwards in the temple, that all his people were to unite in his worship, Leviticus 17:4,9Deuteronomy 12:5-18 . He who presented it came to the door of the Tabernacle, put his hand on the head of the victim, and killed it. And the priest, taking a handful of this flour, with all the frankincense, sprinkled them on the fire of the altar; and all the rest of the flour was his own: he was to eat it without leaven in the Tabernacle, and none but priests were to partake of it. ...
The perpetual sacrifice of the Tabernacle and temple, Exodus 29:38-40Numbers 28:3 , was a daily offering of two lambs on the altar of burnt offerings; one in the morning, the other in the evening
Wilderness of the Wanderings - ...
At the first encampment they were at Kadesh for at least the 40 days of the spies' search (Numbers 13:25); here Moses and the Tabernacle remained (Numbers 14:44) when the people presumptuously tried to occupy the land in spite of Jehovah's sentence dooming all above 20 to die in the wilderness (the name Kadesh, "holy," may be due to the long continuance of the holy Tabernacle there). The Tabernacle and its attendant Levites, priests, and chiefs, formed the rallying point, moving from time to time to the different stations specified up and down the country as the people's head quarters. The Israelites probably made somewhat comfortable booths (as the booths erected in commemoration at the feast of Tabernacles prove) and dwellings for themselves in their 38 years' stay (compare Psalms 107:4; Psalms 107:35-36). From the acacia (Mimosa Nilotica) came the shittim wood of the Tabernacle and gum arabic. Israel's material Tabernacle of God typifies the spiritual Tabernacle of God in the heart (Numbers 11:33-35)
Testimony - The ark and the Tabernacle are also occasionally called the ark of the Testimony (Exodus 25:22 ; Numbers 4:5 ; Joshua 4:16 ) and the Tabernacle/tent of the Testimony (Isaiah 19:19-20 ; Numbers 10:11 ; 2 Chronicles 24:6 ). Here, by the ark in the Tabernacle, God testifies to his own existence in the act of revealing himself to Moses (Exodus 25:22 ; 33:9-11 ; Numbers 7:89 ) and to future generations (Exodus 29:42 ). The Transjordan tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh built a replica of the Lord's altar near the Jordan, not for burnt offerings and sacrifices, but as testimony to Israel that they would remain faithful to God's law given to Moses and that they had a continuing legal right to worship at the Lord's Tabernacle even though living outside of the promised land (Joshua 22:27-28 ). At that time, they too will have a legal right to worship the sovereign God of Israel at his Tabernacle/temple ( Exodus 38:21 ). God's revelation of himself to Moses, his giving of the law, his abiding presence in the Tabernacle (and temple) and his redemption of Israel from Egypt provide the Israelite witnesses with solid evidence to support their claims
Temple - While the temple certainly has a history and integrity of its own, it was created by extension of the Tabernacle and is associated with such diverse topics as a mountain and a city, the cosmos and a person's body, and God's glory and name. ...
The tent of the meeting in the Pentateuch, and the priestly Tabernacle, is not, however, a projection (or retrojection!) of the temple, but an independent dwelling reflecting the life of Israel prior to settlement and the centralization of worship. "...
With the ritual performances in the Tabernacle/ temple complex, and the personnel and attendant appurtenances, we come to a theologically significant point about temple practice: coming into the presence of a holy God. (This terminology underscores the point that the correspondence between God's presence and his "dwelling"tabernacle or templeis more "textual" than physical. ) But what does the Lord think of this structure?...
Solomon, like Bezalel before him with the building of the Tabernacle, is described as having "wisdom. Petrotta...
See also Altar ; Israel ; Offerings and Sacrifices ; Priest, Priesthood ; Tabernacle ...
Stephen - God had not confined His presence to the Tabernacle and the Temple; He had appeared to Abraham and others before the Law was given; Isaiah ( Isaiah 66:1 f
Moriah - So thenceforth David sacrificed there, and no longer on the altar at Gibeon where the Tabernacle was, separate from the ark, which was at Zion; for he could not go to Gibeon on account of the sword of the Angel, i
Cherub - They are next mentioned when Moses was commanded to provide furniture for the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:17-20 ; 26:1,31 )
Jeduthun - Asaph and his brethren ministered before the ark at Jerusalem, Jeduthun and Heman "before the Tabernacle of Jehovah in the high place at Gibeon
Veil - Hebrews 10:20 uses the Tabernacle veil, not as the image of a barrier, but of access: Access to God is gained through the flesh of the historical Jesus (compare John 10:7 )
Bethlehem - The town had some sanctity, and is indicated ( Psalms 132:6 ) as a suitable place for the Tabernacle
Enemy - Hence, the Book of Lamentations describes God as an “adversary” of His people: “He hath bent his bow like an enemy : he stood with his right hand as an adversary , and slew all that were pleasant to the eye in the Tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire” (Ninevites - This appears to have been a counterfeit of the Tabernacle and its service
Dan - Dan was not conspicuous among the tribes, but Aholiab, who helped Bezaleel in the work of the Tabernacle, was of the tribe, Exodus 31:6 ; and Samson also
Camp - The whole body of the people, consisting of six hundred thousand fighting men, beside women and children, was disposed under four battalions, so placed as to enclose the Tabernacle, in the form of a square, and each under one general standard. That it failed not to produce effect upon the richly endowed and poetic mind of Balaam, appears from Numbers 24:2 ; "And Balaam lifted up his eyes and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he took up his parable and said, How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy Tabernacles, O Israel! As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river side, as the trees of lign aloes which the Lord hath planted, and as cedar trees beside waters
Glory - The glory of God in the writings of Moses, denotes, generally, the divine presence; as when he appeared on Mount Sinai; or, the bright cloud which declared his presence, and descended on the Tabernacle of the congregation, Exodus 24:9-10 ; Exodus 24:16-17
Amos - It is observable in this prophecy, that, as it begins with denunciations of judgment and destruction against the Syrians, Philistines, Tyrians, and other enemies of the Jews, so it concludes with comfortable promises of the restoration of the Tabernacle of David, and the establishment of the kingdom of Christ
Expiation - ...
THE DAY OF EXPIATION, OR ATONEMENT, was a yearly solemnity, observed with rest and fasting on the tenth day of Tisri, five days before the feast of Tabernacles, Leviticus 23:7 25:9 . Then with the blood of the bullock, which he had offered for his own sins and those of all the priests, in which he dipped his finger, and sprinkled towards the veil of the Tabernacle eight times; and having mixed it with the blood of the bullock, he sprinkled again towards horns of the altar of incense seven times, and once above it towards the east; after which, having again left the sanctuary and taken with him the basins of blood, he poured out the whole on the floor of the altar of burnt-offering
Festivals - The feast of Tabernacles or of ingathering. On each of these occasions every male Israelite was commanded to "appear before the Lord," that is, to attend in the court of the Tabernacle or the temple, and to make his offering with a joyful heart
Joab - When Joab heard of the failure of Adonijah's cause, he saw his danger, fled to the Tabernacle, and caught hold of the horns of the altar
Cherubim - In the Tabernacle there were two small golden cherubim, one at each end of the mercy-seat. In both these passages they perform the function of guardians of sacred things, and in view of this it is probable that, in the Temple and Tabernacle, they were looked upon as guardians of the contents of the ark as well as emblems of the Divine presence
House - 132:3 the word means “dwelling-living-place” and is used in direct conjunction with “tent” (literally, “tent of my house”): “Surely I will not come into the Tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed. 9:23 (literally, “the tent house”): “So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the Lord, namely, the house of the Tabernacle, by wards
Hebrews, Epistle to the - In accordance with this the Tabernacle is referred to, and not the temple, which belongs to the kingdom. They were to learn the incomparable superiority of that which had been brought in by God Himself through Christ, over all that had been given by Him through Moses, and that, though all was on the ground of faith, with present suffering, they were brought into better things: they had better promises, better hopes, and had privileges to which those who served the Tabernacle had no right. Certain features of the Tabernacle arrangement are given with regard to the holy and most holy places. The way into the holiest had not been manifest while the first Tabernacle was standing, wherein gifts and sacrifices were offered, which could not give to those who brought them a perfect conscience. But Christ, in contrast to this, had, in connection with a heavenly Tabernacle, entered in once into the holy of holies by His own blood, having found an eternal redemption. The Tabernacle was but a pattern of things in the heavens, which latter had to be purified with better sacrifices than those of bulls and goats, Christ had entered into heaven itself, to appear in the presence of God for us. Referring to the great day of atonement, it is shown that the Christian's altar was one of which those who serve the Tabernacle have no right to eat
Nethinim - To these slaves doubtless the Levites and priests assigned the more laborious work of the Tabernacle service
Statute - ...
Leviticus 10 provides a good example of ritual law based on a specific case that results in an apodictic statute: Nadab and Abihu had been drinking before they entered the Tabernacle to perform their duties
Anoint - Vessels used in the worship at the sacred shrine (both Tabernacle and temple) were consecrated for use by “anointing” them (Anointing - With the same oil the Tabernacle and its vessels were anointed
Doorway - ” Thus a pethachwas both a place to sit (a location) and an opening for entry (a passageway): “… And the incense altar, and his staves, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the door at the entering in of the Tabernacle …” (Lamp - The light shall be dark in his Tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him," Job 18:5-6
Samuel - At a very tender age he was carried to Shiloh, and brought up beside the Tabernacle under the care of Eli the high priest
Reuben - of the Tabernacle; Gad and Simeon were next Reuben on the same side (Numbers 2:10-16). of Jordan to help in the conquest of Canaan; subsequently they erected an altar shaped like the Tabernacle altar, W
Presence of God - The Israelites brought their sacrifices to the Tabernacle—and later the templebecause God chose to establish his name there (Deuteronomy 14:23,26 ). Beyer...
See also Ark ; Cloud, Cloud of the Lord ; Glory ; God ; Tabernacle ; Temple ...
Host - 4:2-3: “Take the sum of the sons of Kohath … from thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter , to do the work in the Tabernacle of the congregation. 4:23 with the meaning of “serving in worship”: “… all that enter in to perform the service, to do the work in the Tabernacle of the congregation
Heaven, Heavenly - , in a position of Divine authority), Ephesians 1:20 ; and of the present position of believers in relationship to Christ, Ephesians 2:6 ; where they possess "every spiritual blessing," Ephesians 1:3 ; (c) of Christ as "the Second Man," and all those who are related to Him spirtually, 1 Corinthians 15:48 ; (d) of those whose sphere of activity or existence is above, or in contrast to that of earth, of "principalities and powers," Ephesians 3:10 ; of "spiritual hosts of wickedness," Ephesians 6:12 , RV, "in heavenly places," for AV, "in high places;" (e) of the Holy Spirit, Hebrews 6:4 ; (f) of "heavenly things," as the subjects of the teaching of Christ, John 3:12 , and as consisting of the spiritual and "heavenly" sanctuary and "true Tabernacle" and all that appertains thereto in relation to Christ and His sacrifice as antitypical of the earthly Tabernacle and sacrifices under the Law, Hebrews 8:5 ; 9:23 ; (g) of the "calling" of believers, Hebrews 3:1 ; (h) of heaven as the abode of the saints, "a better country" than that of earth, Hebrews 11:16 , and of the spiritual Jerusalem, Hebrews 12:22 ; (i) of the kingdom of Christ in its future manifestation, 2 Timothy 4:18 ; (j) of all beings and things, animate and inanimate, that are "above the earth," Philippians 2:10 ; (k) of the resurrection and glorified bodies of believers, 1 Corinthians 15;49 ; (l) of the "heavenly orbs," 1 Corinthians 15:40 ("celestial," twice, and so rendered here only)
Exodus, the Book of - Its close is marked by the completion of the Tabernacle. Finally, the form, structure, and materials of the Tabernacle belong to the wilderness. The arts necessary in constructing the Tabernacle were precisely those which Israelite artisans, as Bezaleel and Aholiab, would have acquired from dwelling in Egypt, the mistress of those arts; the embroidery of curtains, carving of cherubs, capitals, ornaments in imitation of natural objects. Two distinct accounts are given of the rearing of the Tabernacle; in the first Moses recites his instructions, in the second the execution of them. In the two accounts the order is reversed; in the instructions the inner and essential objects stand first, as being those on which the people should fix chief attention, the ark, mercy-seat, cherubs, table of shewbread, golden candlesticks; then the accessories of the Tabernacle, and lastly the dress of the priests. But in the account of the work executed the Tabernacle comes first, being that which would naturally be begun first, then the ark, etc
Red Heifer - Eleazer was then to take of her blood with his finger, and sprinkle of her blood directly before the Tabernacle of the congregation seven times. " And Jesus, that he "might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate," The apostle makes a most beautiful persuasive and unanswerable appeal to the church, in this view of Jesus, when he saith, "Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach;" (Hebrews 13:12-13)...
Fifthly, when the heifer had been slain, the blood was to be sprinkled directly before the Tabernacle seven times. As the Tabernacle represented the whole church of Jesus, so all his people are supposed to be brought under the cleansing by the blood of Christ
Priest - But after the Lord had chosen the tribe of Levi to serve him in his Tabernacle, and the priesthood was annexed to the family of Aaron, the right of offering sacrifices and oblations to God was reserved to the priests of this family, Numbers 16:40 . ...
The Lord having reserved to himself the firstborn of Israel because he had preserved them from the hand of the destroying angel in Egypt, by way of exchange and compensation, he accepted the tribe of Levi for the service of his Tabernacle, Numbers 3:41 . But he was to be maintained by the sacrifices offered at the Tabernacle, Leviticus 21:17-22
Altar - The altar was at "the door of the Tabernacle of the tent of the congregation" (Leviticus 17:8-9). ...
In the Tabernacle the altar of burnt offering was made of shittim (acacia) boards overlaid with brass, terming a square of five cubits, or eight feet. The original fire of the Tabernacle "came out from before the Lord, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat" (Leviticus 9:24). Nowhere is an altar in the sacrificial sense in the Christian church recognized in the New Testament The words "we have an altar" (Hebrews 13:10; note that it is not altars, such as apostate churches erect in their worship), so far from sanctioning a Christian altar on earth, oppose the idea; for Christ Himself is our altar of which we spiritually eat, and of which they who Judaize, by serving the Tabernacle and resting on meats and ordinances, "have no right to eat
Judah, Tribe of - This tribe marched at the van on the east of the Tabernacle (Numbers 2:3-9 ; 10:14 ), its standard, as is supposed, being a lion's whelp
Blue - Exodus 25:4 (c) Blue threads were woven into the various parts of the Tabernacle to remind Israel that though they were traveling on earth their destination was Heaven
Firstfruits - The feast of Tabernacles, on the 15th day of the seventh month, was itself an acknowledgment of the fruits of the harvest. The individual presentation of the first-fruits in a basket took place at the temple or Tabernacle
Wisdom (1) - For example, God told Moses, Exodus 31:3 , that he had filled Bezaleel and Aholiab with wisdom, and understanding, and knowledge, to invent and perform several sorts of work for completing the Tabernacle
Seven - The number of seven days is observed in the octaves of the great solemnities of the passover, of Tabernacles, and of the dedication of the Tabernacle and the temple; the seven branches of the golden candlestick, the number of seven sacrifices appointed on several occasions, Numbers 27:11 ; Numbers 29:17-21 , &c
Levites - They consisted of three great families, the Kohathites, the Gershonites, and the Merarites, of which the first carried the sacred vessels, the second the hangings and curtains of the Tabernacle, and the third the boards and pillars
Tithe - The second tithe required of each landholder was one-tenth of the nine parts of his produce remaining after the first tithe, to be expended at the Tabernacle or temple in entertaining the Levites, his own family, etc
Gad (1) - of the Tabernacle (Numbers 2:14). of Jordan for their possession (Numbers 32), as suited for their "multitude of cattle," but accompanied the nine tribes and a half across Jordan to war with the Canaanites; and only after their conquest and the apportionment of the whole land to their brethren "at the doorway of the Tabernacle of the congregation in Shiloh, before Jehovah" (Joshua 19:51; Joshua 22:1-8), were they dismissed "to their tents (for still they led a half nomadic life) and the land of their possession
Altar - A description of ‘the altar of burnt-offering’ of the Tabernacle will be given under Tabernacle; for the corresponding altars of the Temple of Solomon and its successors, and of Ezekiel’s sketch, see Temple
Aaron - And these, along with the rod of Aaron for the tribe of Levi, were laid up overnight in the Tabernacle, and in the morning it was found that while the other rods remained unchanged, that of Aaron "for the house of Levi" budded, blossomed, and yielded almonds (Numbers 17:1-10 ). This rod was afterwards preserved in the Tabernacle (Hebrews 9:4 ) as a memorial of the divine attestation of his appointment to the priesthood
Priest - ...
When the Tabernacle was completed, and Aaron and his sons were made priests, Moses by Jehovah's command performed the priestly functions of setting the shewbread, lighting the lamps, burning incense, and offering the daily sacrifice (Exodus 40:23-29; Exodus 40:31-32). The whole was repeated after seven days, during which they stayed in the Tabernacle, separate from the people. The sanctity of the Tabernacle required baring the foot (Exodus 3:5; Joshua 5:15). They fed the golden, candlestick (or lamp) outside the veil with oil, offered morning and evening sacrifices with a meat and drink offering at the Tabernacle door (Exodus 29:38-44; Exodus 27:20-21; Leviticus 24:2; 2 Chronicles 13:11). ...
Moloch and Chiun had even a rival "tabernacle," or small portable shrine, served by priests secretly (Amos 5:26; Acts 7:42-43; Ezekiel 20:16; Ezekiel 20:39). After Shiloh Nob became the seat of the Tabernacle (1 Samuel 21:1)
Joshua - When Moses removed the Tabernacle of meeting between God and His people from the camp, Joshua, then "a young man" (perhaps an official term for an attendant, Numbers 11:28; Deuteronomy 1:38 "Joshua who standeth before thee"), departed not out of the Tabernacle; the Lord's house and communion is the best qualification for those who are afterward to fight the Lord's battles. The people would have stoned both, but the glory of Jehovah suddenly appeared in the Tabernacle. God Himself recognizes Joshua in it by summoning him into the Tabernacle with Moses, while the divine pillar of cloud manifested Jehovah's presence (compare Numbers 11:25; Numbers 12:5). The congregation set up the Tabernacle at Shiloh (Joshua 18)
Aaron - During the march of the children of Israel through the wilderness, Aaron and his sons were appointed by God to exercise for ever the office of priests in the Tabernacle. "...
After the Tabernacle was built, Moses consecrated Aaron to the high priesthood with the holy oil, and invested him with his priestly robes,—his garments "of glory and beauty;" but Aaron's weakness was again manifested in concurring with Miriam, his sister, to censure and oppose Moses, through envy. Moses having, at the command of God, taken twelve rods of an almond tree from the princes of the twelve tribes, and Aaron's separately, he placed them in the Tabernacle before the sanctuary, after having written upon each the name of the tribe which it represented, and upon the rod of Aaron the name of Aaron. ...
In the following particulars the high priest and inferior priests agreed in their consecration; both were to be void of bodily blemish—both were to be presented to the Lord at the door of the Tabernacle—both were to be washed with water—both were to be consecrated by offering up certain sacrifices—both were to have the blood of a ram put upon the tip of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the great toe of the right foot, Exodus 29:20
Typology - Technical model or pattern Both Hebrews 8:5 and Acts 7:44 use tupos to refer to Exodus 25:40 , where the Lord commanded Moses to make the furniture and utensils of the Tabernacle “by the pattern which you were seeing in the mountain. ...
In Acts 7:44 , Stephen said that the whole Tabernacle, which he called “the Tent of the Testimony” (REB), was made according to “the pattern” that Moses had seen. But did Moses see the “heavenly Tabernacle” that is called the pattern? Or did God grant to Moses to see a pattern from which a rough earthly counterpart of the heavenly reality could be constructed? I think it was the latter
Offering - The burnt-offering was to be a male without blemish, of the herd and of the flock, offered voluntarily at the door of the Tabernacle, the hand of the offerer being upon the head of the victim
Serve - ...
3: λατρεύω (Strong's #3000 — Verb — latreuo — lat-ryoo'-o ) primarily "to work for hire" (akin to latris, "a hired servant"), signifies (1) to worship, (2) to "serve;" in the latter sense it is used of service (a) to God, Matthew 4:10 ; Luke 1:74 ("without fear"); 4:8; Acts 7:7 ; 24:14 , RV, "serve" (AV, "worship"); Acts 26:7 ; 27:23 ; Romans 1:9 ("with my spirit"); 2 Timothy 1:3 ; Hebrews 9:14 ; 12:28 , AV, "we may serve," RV, "we may offer service;" Revelation 7:15 ; (b) to God and Christ ("the Lamb"), Revelation 22:3 ; (c) in the Tabernacle, Hebrews 8:5 , RV; 13:10; (d) to "the host of heaven," Acts 7:42 , RV, "to serve" (AV, "to worship"); (e) to "the creature," instead of the Creator, Romans 1:25 , of idolatry: see WORSHIP
Dan - The tribe of Dan had their place in the march through the wilderness on the north side of the Tabernacle (Numbers 2:25,31 ; 10:25 )
Taxes - ) Each Israelite paid a half shekel as "atonement money" for the service of the Tabernacle, the morning and evening sacrifice, the incense, wood, shewbread, red heifers, scape-goat, etc
Cup - the flower-shaped ornamentation, on the candlestick of the Tabernacle
Bethel - Apparently the Tabernacle was pitched at Shiloh near Bethel, for Israel went there to inquire of God, and Samuel told Saul that he should meet three men "going up to God to Beth-el
Shiloh (1) - The Messianic interpretation is evaded by translated "until he (Judah) shall come to Shiloh," Judah leading in the march (Numbers 2:3-9; Numbers 10:14); and when Israel came to Shiloh they pitched the Tabernacle there (Joshua 18:1-10), and Judah's principality ceased
Aaron - ...
He was thus engaged while God was directing Moses respecting the Tabernacle and its offerings, and declaring that Aaron and his sons were to be the appointed priests
Cord - 33:20: “… A Tabernacle that shall not be taken down … neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken
Tribe - For the tribe of Levi, which was appointed to the service of the Tabernacle of the Lord, had no share in the distribution of the land, but only some cities in which to dwell, and the first fruits, tithes, and oblations of the people, which was all their subsistence
Anoint - The oil made and consecrated for this use was commanded to be kept by the children of Israel, throughout their generations, and therefore it was laid up in the most holy place of the Tabernacle and the first temple
Bird - After this inspection, the leprous person came to the door of the Tabernacle, and offered two living sparrows, or two birds; (pure birds, those of which it was lawful to eat;) he made a wisp with branches of cedar and hyssop, tied together with a thread, or scarlet ribbon; he filled an earthen pot with running water, that the blood of the bird might be mingled with it; then the priest, dipping the bunch of hyssop and cedar into the water, sprinkled with it the leper who was healed; after which he let loose the living bird, to fly where it would
Foot - Moses put off his shoes to approach the burning bush; and most commentators are of opinion that the priests served in the Tabernacle with their feet naked, as they did afterwards in the temple
Pattern - ’ But ὑπόδειγμα, like τύπος, may denote a copy as well as a pattern; and in rendering ‘copies’ here the RV_ clearly conveys the correct idea, since the things referred to are ‘the Tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry’ (Hebrews 9:21), which were only copies of ‘the heavenly things themselves
Worship - Organized forms of worship were established firstly for the Tabernacle (see FEASTS; SACRIFICE; Tabernacle), then for the temple (see MUSIC; SINGING; TEMPLE), and later for the synagogue (see SYNAGOGUE)
Lamp - Those of the Tabernacle and Temple were of gold. For the elaborate lampstands or ‘candlesticks’ of the Tabernacle and the Temple see those articles
Separate - 15:31: “Thus shall ye separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness; that they die not in their uncleanness, when they defile my Tabernacle that is among them. ...
Most frequently in Old Testament usage, nâzı̂yr is an appellation for one who vowed to refrain from certain things for a period of time: “And this is the law of the Nazarite, when the days of his separation are fulfilled: he shall be brought unto the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation” (Urim And Thummim - ...
The inner sanctuary, within the veil of the Tabernacle, observes Dr. This mode of consultation subsisted under the Tabernacle erected by Moses in the wilderness, and until the building of Solomon's temple; after which we find no instances of it
Feasts - There were three main annual festivals: Passover-Unleavened Bread and Pentecost-Harvest at the beginning of the year, and Tabernacles-Ingatherings in the middle of the year. ) On these three occasions all adult males had to go to the central place of worship, which was originally the Tabernacle and later the temple (Exodus 23:14-17). ...
Feast of Tabernacles (or Shelters)...
Five days after the Day of Atonement was the Feast of Tabernacles. The name ‘tabernacle’ in this case does not refer to the Israelite place of worship, but to small shelters, or booths, made of tree branches and palm leaves. ...
There are records of Israel’s celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles after Solomon’s completion of the temple and after the Jews’ return from captivity in Babylon (2 Chronicles 8:12-13; Ezra 3:4)
Fashion - ...
A — 4: τύπος (Strong's #5179 — Noun Masculine — tupos — too'-pos ) "a type, figure, example," is translated "fashion" in the AV of Acts 7:44 , RV, "figure," said of the Tabernacle
Miriam - "...
In wrath God withdrew the cloud from off the Tabernacle, and behold the proud prophetess had the most humiliating of diseases, leprosy white as snow
Transfiguration - Peter’s putting off his Tabernacle (σκήνωμα) and of his departure (ἔξοδος), which may have been suggested by the σκηναί of Mark 9:5 and ║ Mt
Census - These were taken for the Tabernacle service as a redemption for the first-born of Israel whom God claimed; but of the latter there were 273 more than of the Levites, therefore the 273 were redeemed at 5 shekels each
Gate - Certain “gates” were only the thickness of a curtain: “And for the gate of the court  shall be a hanging of twenty cubits …” (Cloud - The Lord appeared at Sinai in the midst of a cloud, Exodus 19:9 ; Exodus 24:5 ; and after Moses had built and consecrated the Tabernacle, the cloud filled the court around it, so that neither Moses nor the priests could enter, Exodus 40:34-35
Sion - This hill was, perhaps, on this account, made choice of by the Jebusites for building a fort or citadel upon; which fort was taken by David, who transferred his court thither from Hebron, and brought the ark of the Lord and set it in a Tabernacle or tent pitched for it
Caleb - So exasperated, however, were the multitude, that they were proceeding to stone Caleb and Joshua, when the glory of the Lord appeared upon the Tabernacle, and threatened their extermination
Nazarites - After all was sacrificed and offered, the priest, or some other, shaved the head of the Nazarite at the door of the Tabernacle, and burned his hair on the fire of the altar
Synagogue - The Sabbaths were observed from an early time by gatherings for prayer, whether at or apart from the Tabernacle or temple (1 Samuel 20:5; 2 Kings 4:23). ...
Jehoshaphat's mission of priests and Levites (2 Chronicles 17:7-9) implies there was no provision for regular instruction except the septennial reading of the law at the feast of Tabernacles (Deuteronomy 31:10-13). In Psalms 74:4; Psalms 74:8 (compare Jeremiah 52:13; Jeremiah 52:17, which shows that the psalm refers to the Chaldaean destruction of the sanctuary) the "congregations" and "synagogues "refer to the Tabernacle or temple meeting place between God and His people; "mo'eed mo'adee " in the psalm is the same word as expresses "the Tabernacle of congregation," or meeting between God and His people, in Exodus 33:7, compare Exodus 29:42-43
Serve - ...
Further specialization of the usage is in association with the Tabernacle and the temple. The priests were chosen for the “service” of the Lord: “And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the Tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the Tabernacle” (Exodus - It comprises a period of about one hundred and forty-five years, from the death of Joseph to the erection of the Tabernacle in the desert. This includes the preparation of the people by Moses, and the promulgation, first of the moral law, then of the judicial law, and subsequently of the ceremonial law, including the instructions for the erection of the Tabernacle and the completion of that house of God, Exodus 19:1-40:38 . The book of Exodus brings before us many and singular types of Christ: Moses, Deuteronomy 18:15 ; Aaron, Hebrews 4:14-16 ; the paschal lamb, Exodus 12:46John 19:361 Corinthians 5:7-8 ; the manna, Exodus 1:1-40:38 16:151 Corinthians 10:3 ; the rock in Horeb, Exodus 17:61 Corinthians 10:4 ; the mercy seat, Exodus 37:6Romans 3:25Hebrews 4:16 ; the Tabernacle, Exodus 40:1 - 38 , "The Word Tabernacled among us," John 1:14
Mediator - And whereas it is objected, that all this is merely by way of allusion to the sacrifices of the Mosaic law, the Apostle on the contrary affirms, that "the law was a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things," Hebrews 10:1 ; and that the "priests that offer gifts according to the law, serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the Tabernacle: for see, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount," Hebrews 8:4-5 ; that is, the Levitical priesthood was a shadow of the priesthood of Christ; in like manner as the Tabernacle made by Moses was according to that showed him in the mount. The priesthood of Christ, and the Tabernacle in the mount, were the originals; of the former of which, the Levitical priesthood was a type; and of the latter, the Tabernacle made by Moses was a copy
Synagogue - In the internal arrangement of the synagogue we trace an obvious analogy to the type of the Tabernacle. (James 2:2,3 ) Here too, in front of the ark, still reproducing the type of the Tabernacle, was the eight-branched lamp, lighted only on the greater festivals
Consecrate - ...
Material perfection or excellence is most frequently involved in the use of qds  for the Tabernacle materials. ...
Of objects, the Tabernacle and its appurtenances are commonly called holy
Purity-Purification - The objects of gold used in the Tabernacle and Temple were also pure in this sense; this would be true of the incense in Exodus 37:29 . The Levites were to purify themselves for service in the Tabernacle (Leviticus 15:14-151 )
Mount Mountain - Of the two passages in Hebrews, the first (Hebrews 8:5) affirms that the Tabernacle constructed in the wilderness was a mere copy and shadow of the heavenly things, made by Moses according to the pattern that was showed him in the Mount (cf. Even the furniture of the earthly Tabernacle had its heavenly archetypes; so also the priesthood of Aaron and his descendants is but a copy of the priesthood of Jesus
Music - David, who had great skill in music, soothed the perturbed spirit of Saul by playing on the harp, 1 Samuel 16:16,23 ; and when he was himself established on the throneseeing that the Levites were not employed, as formerly, in carrying the boards, veils, and vessels of the Tabernacle, its abode being fixed at Jerusalem-appointed a great part of them to sing and to play on instruments in the temple, 1 Chronicles 25:1-31 . ...
Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun were chiefs of the music of the Tabernacle under David, and of the temple under Solomon
Mount Mountain - Of the two passages in Hebrews, the first (Hebrews 8:5) affirms that the Tabernacle constructed in the wilderness was a mere copy and shadow of the heavenly things, made by Moses according to the pattern that was showed him in the Mount (cf. Even the furniture of the earthly Tabernacle had its heavenly archetypes; so also the priesthood of Aaron and his descendants is but a copy of the priesthood of Jesus
Love Feast - 10): ...
‘We give Thee thanks, Holy Father, for Thy Holy Name which Thou hast made to Tabernacle in our hearts, and for the knowledge and faith and immortality, which Thou hast made known unto us through Thy Servant Jesus; Thine is the glory for ever and ever
Allegory - The writer of Hebrews followed in that same spirit in dealing with Old Testament themes like Melchizedek, the Old Testament priesthood, and the Tabernacle
Ephraim - Also the place of the Tabernacle was in the tribe of Ephraim, hence we find in the time of the judges this tribe asserting its own importance
Witness - ' The ark was often called the "Ark of the testimony," and the Tabernacle was the "Tent of witness," the witness of good things to come
Temple - The first usage pertains to the Tabernacle at Shiloh (Anointing - Thus Jacob anointed a pillar at Bethel, Genesis 31:13; and at the introduction of the Mosaic economy, the Tabernacle and all its furniture were consecrated by anointing
Ephraim - Also the place of the Tabernacle was in the tribe of Ephraim, hence we find in the time of the judges this tribe asserting its own importance
Expiation - The worshipper, conscious of his trespass, brought an animal, his own property, to the door of the Tabernacle. This appears from the conclusion to all the Levitical directions concerning the ceremonial to be observed in all such cases: "Thus shall ye separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness; that they die not in," or by, "their uncleanness, when they defile my Tabernacle which is among them,"...
Leviticus 15:31 . Nor can it be urged that death is, in these instances, threatened only as the punishment of not observing these laws of purification; for the reason given in the passage just quoted shows that the threatening of death was not hypothetical upon their not bringing the prescribed purification, but is grounded upon the fact of "defiling the Tabernacle of the Lord which was among them," which is supposed to be done by all uncleanness, as such, in the first instance. Here is confession of sin; confession before God at the door of the Tabernacle; the substitution of a victim; the figurative transfer of sins to that victim; the shedding of blood, which God appointed to make atonement for the soul; the carrying the blood into the holiest place, the very permission of which clearly marked the divine acceptance; the bearing away of iniquity; and the actual reconciliation of the people to God. The Tabernacle and temple were erected for the residence of God, by his own command. The sacrificial character of this offering is strongly marked; for it was an offering brought to the Tabernacle; it was slain in the sanctuary; and the blood was sprinkled upon the altar by the priests. The blood of this goat he carried into the most holy sanctuary, and sprinkled it seven times between the ark and the vail, which separated the holy from the sanctuary: from thence he returned into the court of the Tabernacle, and sprinkled both sides of it with the blood of the goat. During all this, none of the priests or people were admitted into the Tabernacle, or into the court
Samuel - Here his bodily wants and training were attended to by the women who served in the Tabernacle, while Eli cared for his religious culture. The Tabernacle with its furniture was probably, by the advice of Samuel, now about twenty years of age, removed from Shiloh to some place of safety, and finally to Nob, where it remained many years (21:1)
Furniture - ...
Sacred Furniture Biblical interest in furniture focuses on the sacred furnishings of the Tabernacle and the Temple. We have in Exodus 25-27 ; Exodus 30:1 ; Exodus 37-38 a full description of the Tabernacle with all its objects of furniture
Oil - After the oil had floated and been purified, it formed ‘ beaten oil ,’ such as had to be provided for the lighting of the Tabernacle ( Exodus 27:20 , Leviticus 24:2 ; cf. That used in the Temple ( 1 Chronicles 9:29 ) was no doubt of the finest quality, like the ‘beaten oil’ for the Tabernacle above described
Altar - (2) Against those Christians who occupy themselves with (sacrificial) meats the writer says: ‘We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat who serve the Tabernacle’ (Hebrews 13:10). Whether the writer actually visualized the Cross of Christ as the altar at which all His followers minister, like λειτουργοί in the Tabernacle,-as many have supposed-is doubtful
Sanhedrim - In the time of Moses, this council was held at the door of the Tabernacle of the testimony. As soon as the people were in possession of the land of promise, the sanhedrim followed the Tabernacle, and it continued at Jerusalem, whither it was removed, till the captivity
Altar - (2) Against those Christians who occupy themselves with (sacrificial) meats the writer says: ‘We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat who serve the Tabernacle’ (Hebrews 13:10). Whether the writer actually visualized the Cross of Christ as the altar at which all His followers minister, like λειτουργοί in the Tabernacle,-as many have supposed-is doubtful
Temple of Jerusalem - See Tabernacle, Tent of Meeting. Solomon's Temple may not have actually been the first temple which housed the ark of the covenant, since there was a house of Yahweh, also called a temple, at Shiloh (Ezra 6:14-16Samuel 1:9,1Samuel 1:24 ; 1 Samuel 3:3 ) but in 1 Samuel 2:22 (NIV) it is called “tent of meeting,” whether the wilderness Tabernacle or not. Israel understood that it was only by God's grace that He consented to dwell with His people; and so Deuteronomy understood the central sanctuary as the place where Yahweh caused His name to dwell (Deuteronomy 12:5 ; compare 1 Kings 8:13 ), and priestly thinkers viewed it as filled with His glory (compares the Tabernacle, Exodus 40:34 ). ...
At the Feast of Tabernacles, Solomon conducted an elaborate dedication festival for the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-9:9 ). There was only one seven-branched lampstand, as had been true of the Tabernacle, probably the one pictured by Titus in his triumphal arch at Rome as having been carried off when Herod's Temple was plundered. See Ark of the Covenant ; Herods; Holy of Holies ; Moriah ; Shiloh ; Solomon ; Tabernacle, Tent of Meeting; Zerubbabel
Temple, the Second - As in the Tabernacle, there was in it only one golden lamp for the holy place, one table of shewbread, and the incense altar, with golden censers, and many of the vessels of gold that had belonged to Solomon's temple that had been carried to Babylon but restored by Cyrus (Ezra 1:7-11 )
Face - In the Tabernacle, the “shewbread” (KJV) or “Bread of the Presence” (RSV), was a local manifestation of the presence of God
Psalms - He first introduced into the ritual of the Tabernacle music and song
Aaron - He ministered before Yahweh, whose presence-cloud dwelt above the mercy seat over the ark of the covenant in the Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle (Exodus 40:38 )
Galley - The prophet, when speaking of this galley with oars, was speaking also of Jerusalem, the holy city, as a quiet habitation, a Tabernacle not to be taken down
Sinai - The wilderness of Sinai, where the Israelites continued encamped almost a year, and where Moses erected the Tabernacle of the covenant, is considerably elevated above the rest of the country; the ascent to it is very craggy, the greater part cut out of the rock; then one comes to a large space of ground, which is a plain surrounded on all sides by rocks and eminences, whose length is nearly twelve miles
Prayer - From the promulgation of the law, the Hebrews did not intermit public worship daily in the Tabernacle or the temple
Atonement, the Day of - -- It was kept on the tenth day of Tisri, that is, from the evening of the ninth to the evening of the tenth of that month, five days before the feast of Tabernacles. He then presented the two goats before the Lord at the door of the Tabernacle and cast lots upon them
Exodus, Book of - Moses went to the top of the mountain to receive the remainder of God's instructions, especially instructions for building the sacred place of worship, the Tabernacle (Exodus 24-31 ). Moses then led Israel to celebrate the Sabbath and to build the Tabernacle (Exodus 35-39 ). Moses set up the Tabernacle and established worship in it
Music - to that of every other people; and the pains that were taken to render the Tabernacle and temple music worthy of the subjects of their lofty odes, leaves little doubt that it was so. In the Tabernacle and the temple, the Levites were the lawful musicians; but on other occasions any one might use musical instruments who chose. David, in order to give the best effect to the music of the Tabernacle, divided the four thousand Levites into twenty-four classes, who sung psalms, and accompanied them with music
Chronicles, Books of - Included, historically, would be the many forms in which we find the house of God, namely: the various altars established by the patriarchs, the Tabernacle of God erected by Moses, the Temple built by Solomon, the Temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel, the Temple refurbished by Herod, and the various church-houses throughout the ages. The Tabernacle and the Temple symbolize that desire. When Christ shall have completed His redemptive work, “the Tabernacle of God” will be “with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God” (Revelation 21:3 )
Temple - The plan and the whole model of this structure was laid by the same divine architect as that of the Tabernacle, namely, God himself; and it was built much in the same form as the Tabernacle, but was of much larger dimensions. The utensils for the sacred service were also the same as those used in the Tabernacle, only several of them were larger, in proportion to the more spacious edifice to which they belonged. 1011, about four hundred and eighty years after the exodus and the building of the Tabernacle; and it was finished B
Wise, Skilled - The manufacturers of the objects belonging to the Tabernacle were known to be wise, or experienced in their crafts ( Tabernacle
Cloth, Clothing - ...
In the construction of the Tabernacle, skilled women spun wool with their hands, and even interwove gold threads into the fabric (Exodus 35:25 ; Exodus 39:3 ). In Exodus 26:1 , indigo, purple, and scarlet are listed as hues of Tabernacle raiments
Joshua, Book of - The Tabernacle was set up at Shiloh, which was fairly central, 32 3' N, and the allotment of the possessions of the tribes was made in Shiloh before the Lord, at the door of the Tabernacle of the congregation
Rod - When it budded in the Tabernacle, and the others did not, He was showing Israel that He rejected the claims of Korah, Dothan and Abiram, and all others who assumed the place of leadership
Taxes - The payment by each Israelite of the half-shekel as "atonement-money," for the service of the Tabernacle, on taking the census of the people, (Exodus 30:13 ) does not appear to have had the character of a recurring tax, but to have been supplementary to the freewill offerings of (Exodus 25:1-7 ) levied for the one purpose of the construction of the sacred tent
Naphtali - On march Naphtali was north of the Tabernacle, next Dan his kinsman, and Asher (Numbers 2:25-31), together forming "the camp of Dan," hindmost or rearward of all the camps (Numbers 10:25)
Kadesh Barnea - At the first encampment Israel stayed probably for months; they waited for the spies 40 days (Numbers 13:25); Moses and the Tabernacle remained (Numbers 14:44), while the people vainly tried to reverse God's sentence and to occupy Canaan (Deuteronomy 1:34-46): "ye abode in Kadesh many days" (a long indefinite time)
Wanderings in the Wilderness - A later reference to the distance between Mount Sinai (Horeb) and Kadesh-barnea (Deuteronomy 1:2 ) seems to suggest that the early itinerary took them basically along the major trade route used by the Amalekites between modern Suez at the northern end of the Gulf of Suez and the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba (Elath and Ezion-geber) and then northward into the extensive clustering of oases at Kadesh that would become their tribal center and the location of the Tabernacle during the next 38 years
Atonement, Day of - Atonement was made for the holy place, for the Tabernacle, and for the altar, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel
Atone - Only on this day could the high priest enter the holy of holies of the Tabernacle or temple on behalf of the people of Israel and make atonement for them
Aaron (2) - Christ’s priesthood was ‘after the order of Melchizedek’ (Hebrews 6:20), eternal: His sacrifice was a spiritual one, offered once for all; it is impossible to think of the repetition on earth of that offering which ‘through (the) eternal Spirit’ (Hebrews 9:14) our glorified High Priest presents continually in ‘a more perfect Tabernacle’ (Hebrews 9:11) in heaven itself, for us
Sanctification - ...
As to the place and vessels of divine service: The Tabernacle and temple, and all the vessels used therein, were devoted to sacred use in the worship of God
Fill - ” Mâlê' can also mean “to fill up” in an exhaustive sense: “… And the glory of the Lord filled the Tabernacle” (Canaan; Canaanite - ” A “Canaanite” was not permitted to enter the Tabernacle or temple; no longer would one of God’s people who practiced the abominations of the “Canaanites” enter the house of the Lord
Asleep, Sleep - ...
"When the physical frame of the Christian (the earthly house of our Tabernacle, 2 Corinthians 5:1 ) is dissolved and returns to the dust, the spiritual part of his highly complex being, the seat of personality, departs to be with Christ, Philippians 1:23
Temple - The anterior chamher, termed the hÃ§kÃ¢l , and corresponding to the holy place in the Tabernacle, measured 40 cubits by 20, being twice as large as the inner chamber, the dÄbÃ®r (EV Leadership - At Sinai the Law and the Tabernacle instructions were given to Moses to pass along to the people. While God charged all Israel to be a people that functioned in a priestly ministry to the world (Exodus 19:6 ), it was Aaron and his family who were consecrated to do the service at the Tabernacle (Leviticus 8 ). They were to assist their brothers, the priests, in the service of the Tabernacle from age thirty to fifty (4:3). Second, they were to keep watch over the Tabernaclethat is, in effect, to do guard duty from the age of one month old and upward by living around the Tabernacle
Numbers, Book of - Numbers 9:15-23 : The cloud over the Tabernacle, ( n ) Ch. ]'> ’s challenge they burned incense on censers in front of the Tabernacle; the whole congregation were present, and the glory of J″ Sacrifice And Offering - In the instructions given for the building of the Tabernacle and the establishment of a priestly organization, sacrifices were to be used in the consecration or ordination of the priests (Exodus 29:1 ). While the sacrificial altar was placed in the courtyard, just before the door of the Tabernacle, the incense altar was positioned inside the Tabernacle, just before the ark of the covenant
Priest - But after the Lord had chosen the tribe of Levi to serve him in his Tabernacle, and the priesthood was annexed to the family of Aaron, then the right of offering sacrifices to God was reserved to the priests alone of this family. God having reserved to himself the first-born of all Israel, because he had preserved them from the hand of the destroying angel in Egypt, by way of exchange or compensation accepted of the tribe of Levi for the service of the Tabernacle, Numbers 3:41 . One of the chief employments of the priests, next to attending upon the sacrifices and the service of the Tabernacle or temple, was the instruction of the people and the deciding controversies, distinguishing the several sorts of leprosy, the causes of divorce, the waters of jealousy, vows, all causes relating to the law, the uncleannesses that were contracted several ways; all these things were brought before the priests, Hosea 4:6 ; Malachi 2:7 , &c; Leviticus 13:14 ; Numbers 5:14-15
Cherub (1) - In the midst was the Tabernacle with the Shekinah cloud symbolizing God's presence, "the picture of the blessed period when the earth being fitted for the kingdom of the Father . ...
In the Tabernacle they are lifeless carved figures, with faces ever turned to the mercy seat, the pledge of redemption
Moses - Moses Acts on behalf of God at the covenant ratification ceremony (Exodus 24:6-8 ) and thereafter is the recipient of instructions concerning the building of a sacred national shrine known as the Tabernacle. When the Israelite tribes were camped in order around the Tabernacle, God's presence was indeed in their midst
Archaeology, Christian - Among them are Un Tabernacle chretien du V siecle (Arras, 1880) and La Messe, etudes archeologiques sur ses monuments (Paris, 1883-1898)
Christian Archaeology - Among them are Un Tabernacle chretien du V siecle (Arras, 1880) and La Messe, etudes archeologiques sur ses monuments (Paris, 1883-1898)
Tithes - If the offerers lived so far from the Tabernacle (or later the temple) that transporting their goods was a problem, they could sell their tithes locally and take the money instead (Deuteronomy 14:22-27)
Prostitution - Although sacral prostitution is not specifically mentioned, it is likely, since they were priests, that when Hophni and Phineas slept with the women who ministered at the entrance to the Tabernacle, that they were borrowing the Canaanite practice (1 Samuel 2:22 )
Glory - It is frequently applied to God, as in 'the God of glory,' Psalm 29:3 ; to Jehovah as 'the King of glory,' Psalm 24:7-9 ; 'the glory of Jehovah' that appeared on Mount Sinai, and that filled the Tabernacle, Exodus 24:16,17 ; Exodus 40:34,35 , and will fill the future temple, Ezekiel 43:2-5 ; also the glory pertaining to Israel, and to the Gentiles in the past and the future
Palmtree - BETHANY means "house of dates"; thence the multitude took the palm branches to honor Christ (John 12:13), and from Olivet the people under Nehemiah (Nehemiah 8:15) took palms, the tree named in instituting the feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23:40). The Tabernacle is alluded to, the meeting place between God and His people; the oil-fed candlestick had the form of a tree with flowers and fruits. "...
The palm was carried with willows and thick trees (rabbinically called lulab ) in the hand at the feast of Tabernacles, the thanksgiving for the ingathered fruits, and the commemoration of Israel's 40 years' sojourn in Tabernacles in the wilderness
Vessel - 27:19 the word represents all the furniture and utensils of the Tabernacle (cf
Child - It appears from 1 Samuel 1:24-28 , that there was a school near the holy Tabernacle, dedicated to the instruction of youth
Aloe - I yielded a pleasant odour like the best myrrh; like galbanum and onyx, and fragrant storax, and like the fume of frankincense in the Tabernacle
Sacrifice - The heave offering (terumah ) was lifted upward once; applied to all the gifts for the construction of the Tabernacle. ...
In the sin offering, on the contrary, part of the blood was offered to Jehovah by being put on the horns of the altar, and on certain occasions by being sprinkled within the Tabernacle, while the rest was poured at the altar base (Leviticus 4:6-7; Leviticus 4:17-18; Leviticus 4:25, etc. Bringing his victim to the Tabernacle door he presented it before the Lord, and slew and cut it in pieces. Then his need of a mediator appeared in the priest's taking the victim from the worshipper, sprinkling of the blood within the Tabernacle, and putting some upon the horns (the highest part toward heaven) of the altar, also placing in the altar fire some of the fat a "sweet savour" to Jehovah (Leviticus 4:31)
Temple - Like the Tabernacle, it had its front toward the east. All the arrangements of the temple were identical with those of the Tabernacle, and the dimensions of every part exactly double those of the previous structure
Law - ...
Cultic laws concerning the Tabernacle, sacrifices, priests, ritual purity, festivals, and ethical and ritual holiness (especially in sexual and social matters; cf. The death penalty for cultic offenses was based on the special holiness of Israel with the Tabernacle of God among them. However, the church is not a nation, and does not camp around the Tabernacle
Symbol - From the Tabernacle and Temple were taken high priest, altar, sacrifice, veil, peace-offering, lamb, atonement
Lamp Lampstand - The reference in this case is to the furniture of the Tabernacle (for a description of the Golden Candlestick  see Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) iv
Blasphemy - He personified the Empire as the Beast whose seven heads had names of blasphemy (Revelation 13:1), to whom was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies (Revelation 13:5), who opened his mouth for blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His Tabernacle (Revelation 13:6); as the scarlet-coloured Beast who was covered all over with names of blasphemies (Revelation 17:3)
Perish - Whosoever cometh any thing near unto the Tabernacle of the Lord shall die: shall we be consumed with dying?” (Go Out, Go Forth - Yâtsâ' also has a cultic use, describing the “movement” of the priest in the Tabernacle; bells were attached to the hem of the priest’s robe so the people could follow his actions (Day - These divisions and names appear to have owed their origin to the watches of the Levites in the Tabernacle and temple, Exodus 14:24 ; 1 Samuel 11:11
Rock - , according to which the rock (perhaps originally the well ) followed Israel; when the Tabernacle was pitched, the water gushed out afresh, the princes singing the song of Numbers 21:17
Mizpah - Traces of the outer court of the Tabernacle are yet discoverable, and a curious rock cut approach
Amos - ...
1618063418_2; David's fallen Tabernacle shall be raised, the people re-established in prosperity in their own land, no more to be pulled out, and the conversion of the pagan shall follow the establishment of the theocracy finally; compare Amos 9:12 with Acts 15:17
Ark - In attempting a solution of this difficult problem, we must, as in the foregoing section, leave out of account the late theoretical conception of the ark to be found in the Priests’ Code (see Tabernacle), and confine our attention to the oldest sources
Jerusalem - The church, perhaps on this account, speaks of it as the Lord's Tabernacle, (Psalms 76:2) and when we consider, that all the great events of the church were carried on here, no doubt, it riseth in importance to every believer's view
Think, Devise - ” This word is applied to those who performed “cunning” work with parts of the Tabernacle: “And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, … an engraver, and a cunning workman …” (Zechari'ah - ...
Son of Meshelemiah or Shelemiah a Korhite, and keeper of the north gate of the Tabernacle of the congregation, (1 Chronicles 9:21 ) (B
Miriam - And the Lord spake suddenly unto Moses, and unto Aaron, and unto Miriam-Come out, ye three, unto the Tabernacle of the congregation. And the cloud departed from off the Tabernacle; and, behold, Miriam became leprous, white as snow. Look at her hiding her shame all day behind the sandhills of the wilderness, and coming out at night to look at the lights in Moses' tent and in Aaron's Tabernacle
Creation - The accounts of creation and of the construction of the Tabernacle resemble each other (the world being God's great Tabernacle, Psalm 19); the general plan first (Genesis 1), then the actual creation of the first pair, Eden, etc. In the pattern of the Tabernacle shown on the mount the description begins with the furniture of the Tabernacle, then goes on to the priests, and ends with the sabbatical law
Benjamin - of the Tabernacle, which it followed (Psalms 80:2) under its captain Abidan, son of Gideoni (Numbers 2:18-24). ...
When the Lord rejected the Tabernacle of Joseph at Shiloh He chose mount Zion, Jerusalem which chiefly belonged to Benjamin (the of the Jebusite, "Jebusi, which Jerusalem" (Joshua 18:28), and all the land N
Sabbath - Most important is the Torah's placement of the laws concerning the Sabbath directly adjacent to the instructions for building the Tabernacle (Exodus 31 ), implying that each of the many varieties of work associated with Tabernacle construction was prohibited on the Sabbath
Zebulun - ...
At the time of the Sinai census the male Zebulunites from 20 years old and upwards numbered 57,400, and their lot on the march was cast on the east of the Tabernacle, with Judah and Issachar ( Numbers 1:31 f
Manasseh - They encamped on the west side of the Tabernacle
Bread - The Bible refers to the “bread of the face” or “the bread of the Presence,” which was the bread constantly set before God in the holy place of the Tabernacle or temple: “And thou shalt set upon the table showbread before me always” (Four - The Tabernacle rested in the center with three tribes on each of the four sides
Father's House - The Apostle anticipates for each believer ‘a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens,’ which will take the place of the ‘earthly house of this Tabernacle
Borrow - ...
I only beg to add, under this view of the subject, that as the Tabernacle in the wilderness was afterwards adorned with the gold and silver the Israelites brought with them from Egypt, it is plain that the Lord approved of the conduct of his servants in asking from their neighbours such things as they needed, and as the Lord himself had commanded
Holy - ...
The priests were chosen to officiate at the Holy Place of the Tabernacle/temple
Hand - The Israelites, who presented sin offerings at the Tabernacle, confessed their sins while they laid their hands upon them, Leviticus 1:4
ba'Bel - On the seventh stage there was probably placed the ark or Tabernacle, which seems to have been again 15 feet high, and must have nearly, if not entirely, covered the top of the seventh story The entire original height, allowing three feet for the platform, would thus have been 156 feet, or, without the plat-form, 163 feet
Clean, Unclean - An unclean layperson could neither eat nor tithe consecrated food (Leviticus 7:20-21 ; Deuteronomy 26:14 ), had to celebrate the Passover with a month's delay (Numbers 9:6-13 ), and had to stay far away from God's Tabernacle (Numbers 5:3 ). With space, there is the Tabernacle (holy), the land (clean), and the nations (unclean). ...
Israel was not to cook a goat in its mother's milk not because it was a pagan practice, but because it was inappropriate to combine that which was a symbol of life (mother's milk) with the death of that for which it was meant to give life, especially in the context of the Festival of Tabernacles (so the context of Exodus 23:19 ) celebrating the life-giving power of Yahweh
Angel - When the wilderness Tabernacle was being fashioned, God ordered two gold cherubim to be placed on top of the "mercy seat" or lid of the covenant ark to screen it. Cherubim designs were also incorporated into the fabric of the inner curtain (Ezekiel 26:1 ) and the veil of the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:31 )
Messiah - Classic examples of this are the Tabernacle, temple, and sacrifices. In addition, through Moses, God ordained the priesthood, ordered the building of the Tabernacle, and prescribed the sacrifices
Cosmas (3), Indian Navigator - One of his strongest arguments in support of his plan of the universe is drawn from the form of the Tabernacle of Witness which the words ἅγιον κοσμικόν (Heb_9:1) warrant him in considering to have been like Noah's Ark expressly constructed as an image of the world. (5) A description of the Tabernacle and the agreement of the Prophets and Apostles
Jephthah - Here the three vaus in the original should necessarily be rendered disjunctively, or, as the last actually is in our public translation, because there are three distinct subjects of devotement, to be applied to distinct uses; the man, to be dedicated to the service of the Lord, as Samuel by his mother, Hannah, 1 Samuel 1:11 ; the cattle, if clean, such as oxen, sheep, goats, turtle doves, or pigeon's, to be sacrificed; and if unclean, as camels, horses, asses, to be employed for carrying burdens in the service of the Tabernacle or temple; and the lands, to be sacred property. She was, therefore, necessarily devoted, but with her own consent, to perpetual virginity, in the service of the Tabernacle, Judges 11:36-37
Mouth - 7:5: “Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the Tabernacle of the congregation; and thou shalt give them unto the Levites, to every man according to his service
Ark of the Covenant - Over this it was that the Shechinah, or visible display of the divine presence in a luminous cloud rested, both in the Tabernacle, and in the temple, ...
Leviticus 16:2 ; and from hence the divine oracles were given forth by an audible voice, as often as God was consulted in behalf of his people
the Angel of the Lord - With this uncreated Angel, this presence of the Lord, they were satisfied, but not with "an angel" indefinitely, who was by nature of that order of beings usually so called, and therefore a created being; for at the news of God's determination not to go up with them, Moses hastens to the Tabernacle to make his intercessions, and refuses an inferior conductor:—"If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence
Colors - Purple is noted to be the color of some of the Tabernacle furnishings and priests' garments in the Old Testament (Exodus 26:1 ; Exodus 28:4-6 )
David - Here it was placed in a new tent or Tabernacle which David erected for the purpose. About seventy years had passed since it had stood in the Tabernacle at Shiloh. The old Tabernacle was now at Gibeah, at which Zadok ministered
Body - His sense, too, of the weakness of the flesh and its subjection to the forces of evil leads him to describe the present body as a Tabernacle in which we groan, being burdened. But in the same passage he expresses his confidence that the house not made with hands will take the place of the present Tabernacle, and that those who have heretofore been burdened will be so clothed upon, that what is mortal shall be swallowed up of life (2 Corinthians 5:1-4)
Sacrifices in the Old Testament - The offerer led it to the entrance of the Tabernacle or temple, and laid his hand upon its head, transferring thereby to it his intention of adoration, thanksgiving, atonement, or petition, as the case might be
Old Testament, Sacrifices in the - The offerer led it to the entrance of the Tabernacle or temple, and laid his hand upon its head, transferring thereby to it his intention of adoration, thanksgiving, atonement, or petition, as the case might be
Incense - A portion beaten small was to be "put before the testimony in the Tabernacle," i
Transmigration - The doctrine of pre-existence (of the Messiah, of the Torah, of the Tabernacle) would easily lend itself as a basis for the idea of the pre-existence in some form or other of human souls
Touch - On the one hand, God's holiness was severe: upon the threat of immediate death, no one was to touch Mount Sinai while God's glory was upon it (Exodus 19:12 ) or the sacred furnishings of the Tabernacle except Aaron and his sons (Numbers 4:15 ; cf
Sanctification - (Genesis 2:3) So again, holy places were set apart and sanctified in their separation from ordinary things: thus the Tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry under the law were sanctified
Aaron - Reference must be made to other articles for his consecration, his purely priestly functions, and his relation to the Levites (see articles Priests and Levites, Sacrifice, Tabernacle)
Offerings - This feast could be celebrated beyond the limits of the Tabernacle, or temple, but not beyond the city
Feasts - The feast of tents, or Tabernacle, on which all Israel were obliged to attend the temple, and to dwell eight days under tents of branches, in memory of their fathers dwelling forty years in tents, as travellers in the wilderness. ...
Of the three great feasts of the year, the passover, pentecost, and that of the Tabernacles, the octave, or seventh day after these feasts, was a day of rest as much as the festival itself; and all the males of the nation were obliged to visit the temple at these three feasts. But the law did not require them to continue there during the whole octave, except in the feast of Tabernacles, when they seem obliged to be present for the whole seven days
Poetry of the Hebrews - Antithetical; where an antithesis of thought is expressed by corresponding members; as for example, ...
The house of the wicked shall be overthrown; but the Tabernacle of the upright shall flourish
Priest - --The chief duties of the priests were to watch over the fire on the altar of burnt offering, and to keep it burning evermore both by day and night, ( Leviticus 6:12 ; 2 Chronicles 13:11 ) to feed the golden lamp outside the vail with oil (Exodus 27:20,21 ; Leviticus 24:2 ) to offer the morning and evening sacrifices, each accompanied with a meet offering and a drink offering, at the door of the Tabernacle
Lamp - ...
In the Tabernacle built by Moses, seven lamps were fitted to a single lampstand to provide light for the Holy Place
Metaphor - -An interesting passage is 2 Corinthians 5:4 : ‘For indeed we that are in this Tabernacle do groan, being burdened; not for that we would be unclothed, but that we would be clothed upon, that what is mortal may be swallowed up of life. σκῆνος means a ‘hut, tent,’ and then the body as the Tabernacle of the soul. ‘Wherever the Tabernacle was pitched, the princes came and sang to the rock, “Spring up, O well, sing ye unto it,” whereupon the waters gushed forth afresh’ (Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) , article ‘Rock,’ iv
Government of the Hebrews - The people were taught to feel that the Tabernacle was not only the temple of Jehovah, but the palace of their King; that the priests were the royal servants, and were bound to attend not only to sacred but to secular affairs, and were to receive, as their salary, the first tithes, which the people, as subjects, were led to consider a part of that revenue which was due to God, their immediate Sovereign. But, although in many things each tribe existed by itself, and acted separately, yet in others they were united, and formed but one community: for all the tribes were bound together, so as to form one church and one civil community, not only by their common ancestors, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; not only by the common promises which they had received from those ancestors; not only by the need in which they stood of mutual counsel and assistance; but also by the circumstance that God was their common King, and that they had a common Tabernacle for his palace, and a common sacerdotal and Levitical order for his ministers. From what has been said, it is clear, that the Ruler and supreme Head of the political community in question was God, who, with the design of promoting the good of his subjects, condescended to exhibit his visible presence in the Tabernacle, wherever it travelled and wherever it dwelt
Priests And Levites - It comprised the whole of Leviticus and the ritual portions of Numbers, all the regulations connected with the Tabernacle in Exodus, together with certain narrative portions especially connected with religious institutions the Sabbath, circumcision, and the like and statistical statements throughout the Hexateuch. This included especially the work of fetching and carrying, as they were believed to have carried the Tabernacle and its furniture in the Wilderness. It depends upon a later tradition that the Tabernacle was set up in Shiloh ( Joshua 18:1-28 ; Joshua 19:51 [P Law of Moses - -- (1) Census-money , a poll-tax (of a half shekel), to be paid for the service of the Tabernacle. (a) The Tabernacle with the ark, the vail, the altars, the laver, the priestly robes, etc. (b) The holy place chosen for the permanent erection of the Tabernacle, (12:1; 14:22-29) where only all sacrifices were to be offered and all tithes, firstfruits, vows, etc. (f) The feast of Tabernacles
Bishop - The Greek speaking Jews or Hellenists applied it in the Septuagint to officers who had "the oversight of the Tabernacle" (Numbers 4:16; Numbers 31:14), "the officers overseeing the host" (Psalms 109:8, "his charge of overseeing let another take," quoted in Acts 1:20 "his bishopric"; Isaiah 60:17, "thine overseers righteousness
Death - a dissolving of the earthly house of this Tabernacle, 2
Samaritan Pentateuch - To His honour I have written this holy law at the entrance of the Tabernacle of testimony on Mount Gerizim, Beth El, in the 13th year of taking possession of Canaan
Comfort - A deeper element of faith was realized in the consciousness that behind the world, visible and temporal, was a world, unseen and eternal, and if the earthly house of our Tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building of God eternal in the heavens (2 Corinthians 4:15; 2 Corinthians 5:1)
Numbers as Symbols - In the dedication of the Tabernacle each prince offered for a peace offering two oxen, five rams, five he goats, and five lambs
Appoint, Appointed - , of what was "appointed" for tax collectors to collect, Luke 3:13 ; of the Tabernacle, as "appointed" by God for Moses to make, Acts 7:44 ; of the arrangements "appointed" by Paul with regard to himself and his travelling companions, Acts 20:13 ; of what the Apostle "ordained" in all the churches in regard to marital conditions, 1 Corinthians 7:17 ; of what the Lord "ordained" in regard to the support of those who proclaimed the Gospel, 1 Corinthians 9:14 ; of the Law as Divinely "ordained," or administered, through angels, by Moses, Galatians 3:19
Offering - Also, some were needed to work in the Tabernacle, and later the temple, as maintenance and cleanup people, something that is readily understandable when one thinks of all that was involved in the sacrificial system. ...
In order to provide for the materials necessary for the construction of the wilderness Tabernacle, Moses was instructed to receive an “offering” or terûmâh. ...
The terûmâh sometimes was an “offering” which had the meaning of a tax, an obligatory assessment which was made against every Israelite male who was twenty years old or older, to be paid for the support of the Tabernacle and later, the temple (Pentateuch - The division between Exodus and Leviticus marks the change from the building of the Tabernacle in Exodus 35-40 to the inauguration of worship ( Leviticus 1-10 ). Narratives describe creation, judgment (flood), travel (wilderness wanderings), buildings (Ark, Tabernacle), marriages (Isaac and Rebekah), and births (Moses)
Leper - That performed outside the camp restored him to intercourse with the people (Leviticus 14:3-9), that performed in the Tabernacle court seven days after the former restored him to all spiritual privileges of Jehovah's worshippers (Leviticus 14:10-32)
Joshua, the Book of - Everything in it was to either be destroyed or else placed in the Lord's service in the Tabernacle
Moses - God also called Moses up into the mount, dictated to him the law, gave him the ten commandments written on stone by the finger of God, and showed him the pattern of the Tabernacle
Blood - It is as if the author of the Hebrews conceived of sin as having penetrated and defiled even the unseen heavenly world, which therefore needed to be set free from contamination and made holy in the same way as things belonging to the earthly Tabernacle
Firstborn - 112b), according to which the firstborn acted as officiating priests in the wilderness until the erection of the Tabernacle, when the office was given to the tribe of Levi (Jewish Encyc
Poetry - Besides, there were 4,000 Levite singers (1 Chronicles 25); Asaph with his company was with the ark on Zion; Heman and Jeduthun with the Tabernacle at Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:37-42)
Blood - It is as if the author of the Hebrews conceived of sin as having penetrated and defiled even the unseen heavenly world, which therefore needed to be set free from contamination and made holy in the same way as things belonging to the earthly Tabernacle
Tribes of Israel, the - This cluster of tribes headed by the tribe of Reuben was next in line after the Tabernacle (Numbers 10:17 ). During the journey from Mount Sinai to Canaan the tribe of Issachar followed the tribe of Judah, that is, it was a part of the first cluster of tribes located on the east side of the Tabernacle (Genesis 30:7-8 )
Set - ...
A — 20: ἀνορθόω (Strong's #461 — Verb — anorthoo — an-orth-o'-o ) "to set straight, set up" (ana, "up," orthos, "straight"), is used in Acts 15:16 in God's promise to "set" up the fallen Tabernacle (skene, "tent") of David
Pillar - ), also the pillars from which the hangings of the Tabernacle were suspended ( Exodus 26:32 and oft
Poetry of the Hebrews - " As the procession approaches to the doors of the Tabernacle, the chorus, with all their instruments, join in this exclamation: "Lift up your heads, ye gates, and be ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors, and the King of glory shall come in. "...
Here the semi-chorus plainly breaks in, as with a lower voice, "Who is this King of glory?" And at the moment when the ark is introduced into the Tabernacle, the response is made by the burst of the whole chorus: "The Lord, strong and mighty; the Lord, mighty in battle
Holiness - Every part of the Temple (or Tabernacle) was holy, and all its utensils and appurtenances ( 1 Kings 8:4 ); the altars of incense and burnt-offering ( Exodus 30:27 f
Mines And Mining - The design of the desert temple is similar to the Israelite Tabernacle or tent of meeting
Hospitality - Symbolically Jesus came as an alien figure to "tabernacle" in a world that did not recognize or receive him (John 1:10-14 )
Mediator, Mediation - Moses both gave directions for building the earthly Tabernacle (8:5) and sprinkled the people, the scroll, the tent, and the vessels with blood since "without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness" (9:22)
Believe - ” So God says, “And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the Tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness” (cf
Habits - The robe of the ephod, in the gorgeous dress of the high priest, was made all of blue; it was a prominent colour in the sumptuous hangings of the Tabernacle; and the whole people of Israel were required to put a fringe of blue upon the border of their garments, and on the fringe a riband of the same colour
Pilate - Tradition said that the vessels of the Tabernacle had been buried on Mt
Jerusalem - Here he built an altar to the Lord on the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2 Samuel 24:15-25 ), and thither he brought up the ark of the covenant and placed it in the new Tabernacle which he had prepared for it
Pass'Over, - --As the original institution of the Passover in Egypt preceded the establishment of the priesthood and the regulation of the service of the Tabernacle
High Priest - The first separation of Aaron to the priesthood, which previously belonged to the firstborn, occurs in Exodus 28, after the directions for the Tabernacle and its furniture. The high priest's consecration at the Tabernacle door with washing in water, arraying in priestly vestments, anointing with costly oil, and sanctifying with sacrifices, answer to Christ's baptism with water, anointing with the Holy Spirit, and clothing with His curiously wrought body (Hebrews 10:5; Psalms 139:15)
High Priest - Priest in charge of the Temple (or Tabernacle) worship
Atonement, Day of - The day was the 10th of Tisri (the seventh month), from the evening of the 9th to that of the 10th, five days before the feast of Tabernacles. ...
Then he presented the two goats before the Lord at the Tabernacle door, and cast lots upon them, implying that Christ's sacrifice was "by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God" (Acts 2:23; Acts 4:28); on one was written "For Jehovah;" on the other "For Azazel. As the Passover was the nation's feast of joy, so the day of atonement was its day of penitent humiliation; and the atonement was its indispensable preparation for the joy that followed in the feast of Tabernacles or ingathering of fruits
Ascension of Jesus Christ - Thus the ascension becomes an essential part of the atonement, allowing the historical Jesus who is now the reigning Priest/King to finish in heaven, the "true Tabernacle, " the sacrificial work necessary to accomplish our redemption
Money - He acquaints us that the Israelites offered for the works of the Tabernacle seventy-two thousand talents of brass, Exodus 38:29
Adultery - This is commonly termed the bitter water; but we must not understand this as if the water had really been bitter; for how could it have been so? The earth of the floor of the Tabernacle could not make it bitter
Jerusalem - at Shethem and Shiloh, then Gibeah and Nob (whence the Tabernacle and altar were moved to Gibeon). The altar too was transferred in Solomon's reign from the Tabernacle of Gibeon to the permanent temple
Joshua - 'He departed not out of the Tabernacle' is another very remarkable testimony for that time concerning the son of Nun. And Joshua, the son of Nun, was the first figure and far-off forerunner of all such young men as he stood before Moses, and was his minister, and went up with him to the mount, and never departed out of the Tabernacle
Weights And Measures - " (Exodus 16:29 ) An exception was allowed for the purpose of worshipping at the Tabernacle; and, as 2000 cubits was the prescribed space to be kept between the ark and the people as well as the extent of the suburbs of the Levitical cities on every side, (Numbers 35:5 ) this was taken for the length of a Sabbath-day's journey measured front the wall of the city in which the traveller lived
Atonement - ...
On the great day of atonement the high priest made "atonement for the sanctuary, the Tabernacle, and the altar" also, as well as for the priests and all the people; but it was the people's sin that defiled the places so as to make them unfit for the presence of the Holy One
Fulfillment - Similarly the Hebrew holy places of human construction, such as the wilderness Tabernacle, were the types and shadows of that true abode of spirituality into which Christ, our High Priest, entered with his own blood (Hebrews 8:5-6 ; 9:11-12 )
Simeon - Simeon in the wilderness marched south of the Tabernacle, with Reuben and Gad, sons of Zilpah, maid of Leah, Simeon's mother
Feasts - Ηag (from a root, "to dance") is the Hebrew applied to the Passover, and still more to the feast of Tabernacles, as both were celebrated with rejoicings and participation of food (Exodus 12:14; Leviticus 23:39; Numbers 29:12; Deuteronomy 16:39). ...
The "congregations," "calling of assemblies," "solemn meetings" (Isaiah 1:13; Psalms 81:3), both on the convocation days of the three great feasts, passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, and also on the sabbaths, imply assemblies for worship, the forerunners of the synagogue (compare 2 Kings 4:23). Pentecost was seven weeks (sevens) after Passover; passover and the feast of Tabernacles lasted seven days each; the days of holy convocation were seven in the year, two at Passover, one at pentecost, one at the feast of trumpets, one on the day of atonement (the first day or new moon of the seventh month), and two at the feast of Tabernacles. , attend in the court of the Tabernacle or temple and make his offering with gladness (Leviticus 23; Deuteronomy 27:7). ...
(3) At the feast of Tabernacles, in the end of the common year and the seventh month of the religious year, there was a feast of ingathering when all the fruits of the field had been gathered in. The feast of Tabernacles commemorates the establishment of God's people in the land of promise, their pleasant and peaceful home, after the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness, living in shifting tents. ...
Solomon (appropriately to his name, which means king of peace) also did so, for his reign was preeminently the period of peaceful possession when every man dwelt under his own vine and figtree (1 Kings 4:25); immediately after that the last relic of wilderness life was abolished by the ark being taken from under curtains and deposited in the magnificent temple of stone in the seventh month (2 Chronicles 5:3), the feast of Tabernacles was celebrated on the 15th day, and on the 23rd Solomon sent the great congregation away glad in heart for the goodness that the Lord had showed unto David, Solomon, and Israel His people. Then finding in the law directions as to the feast of Tabernacles, they brought branches of olive, pine, myrtle, and palm, and thick trees, and made booths on their roofs and in their courts, and in the courts of God's house, and sat under them with "great gladness" (Nehemiah 8). The feast of Tabernacles points on to the antitypical Canaan, the everlasting inheritance, of which the Holy Spirit is the "earnest" (Ephesians 1:13-14; Hebrews 4:8-9). The antitypical feast of Tabernacles shall be under the antitypical Joshua, Jesus the Captain of our salvation, the antitypical Solomon, the Prince of peace (Isaiah 9:6; Revelation 7:9-17). ...
The zest of the heavenly joy of the palmbearing multitude (antitypical to the palmbearers at the feast of Tabernacles), redeemed out of all nations, shall be the remembrance of their tribulations in this wilderness world forever past; for repose is sweetest after toil, and difficulties surmounted add to the delight of triumph. " Meanwhile on earth Israel, long finding no ease or rest for the sole of the foot, but having "trembling of heart, failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind" (Deuteronomy 28:65), shall at length rest in her own land under Messiah reigning at Jerusalem as His holy capital and over the whole earth, and "everyone that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of Tabernacles" (Zechariah 14:9; Zechariah 14:16; Revelation 7). That feast shall remind Israel of hardships now past, and of salvation and peace now realized on earth, so that "the voice of rejoicing and salvation shall be in the Tabernacles of the righteous" (Psalms 118:15). ...
There was in the Three Feasts a clear prefigurement of the Three Persons; the Father, in the work of creation, especially adored in the feast of Tabernacles; the Son in the Passover sacrifice; the Spirit in the Pentecostal feast. The times of the feasts were those least interfering with the people's industry; the Passover just before harvest; Pentecost at its conclusion and before the vintage; Tabernacles after all fruits were gathered in
Jephthah - Moreover literal burnt offerings could only be offered at the altar of the Tabernacle
David - ...
His armor David took first to his tent, and afterward to the Tabernacle at Nob; his head David brought to Jerusalem (the city, not the citadel, which was then a Jebusite possession). After taking affectionate leave of Jonathan, David fled to Nob, where the Tabernacle was, in order to inquire God's will concerning his future course, as was David's custom
Moses - ...
Moses after the calf worship removed the temporary Tabernacle (preparatory to the permanent one, subsequently described) outside the camp; and as he disappeared in this "tent of meeting" (rather than "tabernacle of congregation") the people wistfully gazed after him (Exodus 33:7-10)
God - God instituted an agent (priesthood) to serve as an intermediary of reconciliation between himself and Israel, a place (tabernacle) where he and Israel should meet each other in worship, and a means (sacrificial system) that provided the formal expression of Israel's and the individual's desire to do God's will and to live in obedience to his commandments. This character of God by extension applies to the high priestly garments, the Tabernacle, the Sabbath, and Israel
Hebrews - In actuality, the description of the sacrificial system describes the Tabernacle—not the Temple—and comes from the pages of the Old Testament—not through observance of the Temple service
Cooking And Heating - Since the main altar at Temple and Tabernacle was a kind of barbecue in which the carcass was laid on a grill above a fire, it would be unusual if similar arrangements were not sometimes used domestically
Spinning And Weaving - ), of which the inner curtains of the Tabernacle were composed, was probably a species of tapestry (EV Ordination - ) or to choose them; that is, they gave orders and directions to every church as to the choice of elders over them: for sometimes persons are said to do that which they give orders and directions for doing; as Moses and Solomon, with respect to building the Tabernacle and temple, though done by others; and Moses particularly is said to choose the judges, Exodus 18:25
Census - The earlier numbering for collecting atonement money from every male of 20 or upward (Exodus 30:11-16; Exodus 38:25-26) gave the same number, 603,550, as that nine months later (Numbers 1:1-3-46; Exodus 40:17), in the second month of the second year, four weeks after the rearing of the Tabernacle
Atonement - Sin was, so to speak, consumed in it, and the blood was sprinkled seven times before the Tabernacle of the congregation
Hermogenes (1), a Teacher of Heretical Doctrine - ...
The opinion of Hermogenes (not mentioned by Tertullian, but recorded by Clement, Hippolytus, and Theodoret) is that our Lord on His ascension left His body in the sun and Himself ascended to the Father, a doctrine which he derived or confirmed from Psalms 19 , "He hath placed his Tabernacle in the sun
Samuel, First Book of - The days of Samuel were exceptional: he was not a priest, but he offered sacrifices, and had this altar without either the Tabernacle or the ark
Houses - And the Psalmist sware unto the Lord, and vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob, "Surely I will not come into the Tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed, until I find out a place for the Lord," Psalms 132:3 . Rahab concealed the spies on the roof, with the stalks of flax which she had laid in order to dry, Joshua 2:6 ; the king of Israel, according to the custom of his country, rose from his bed, and walked upon the roof of his house, to enjoy the refreshing breezes of the evening, 2 Samuel 11:2 ; upon the top of the house the prophet conversed with Saul, about the gracious designs of God, respecting him and his family, 1 Samuel 9:25 ; to the same place Peter retired to offer up his devotions, Acts 10:9 ; and in the feast of Tabernacles, under the government of Nehemiah, booths were erected, as well upon the terraces of their houses, as in their courts, and in the streets of the city, Nehemiah 8:16
House - Is often put for dwelling, residence; and hence the temple, and even the Tabernacle, are called the house of God. In the feast of Tabernacles booths were erected upon them, Nehemiah 8:16
mo'Ses - (Exodus 33:7 ) It was the communication with God in the Tabernacle from out the pillar of cloud and fire
Samaria, Samaritans - They observe all the Mosaic feasts; and, in accordance with their reading of the Law, they go three times a year to Gerizim for the feasts of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, and at such times practically the whole community lives in the mountain. ’...
This, according to the Samaritan division of the Decalogue, was reckoned the Tenth Commandment, and, like the others, of perpetual obligation, so that the Samaritans regarded not only the Temple at Jerusalem, but also the Tabernacle at Shiloh, though in Ephraim, and the whole Jewish priesthood after the settlement of the land, as schismatical. It is preserved in a covering of crimson satin in a silver case engraved with a plan of the Tabernacle
Millenarians - The Lord, having promised to raise Israel out of their graves, to gather them from among the Heathen, and bring them into the church and kingdom of Christ, as one fold having one shepherd, adds, "And I will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore; my Tabernacle also shall be with them; yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people," Ezekiel 37:11-27 . This alludes to his dwelling among Israel in the Tabernacle and sanctuary of old, Leviticus 26:11-12 ; and imports his manifesting himself unto them, admitting them into the most intimate correspondence and communion with himself in his ordinances, communicating light, life, and consolation to them by his Spirit; and also his protection and care of them as his peculiar people
Moses - Samuel and Eli assign a part of their paternal authority to their sons, and permit them even to abuse it; but the sons of Moses, in the wilderness, are only the simple servants of the Tabernacle; like all the other sons of Kohath, if they even dare to raise the veil which covers the sacred furniture, the burden, of which they carry, death is denounced against them. There is a minuteness in the details of the Mosaic writings, which bespeaks their truth; for it often bespeaks the eye-witness, as in the adventures of the wilderness; and often seems intended to supply directions to the artificer, as in the construction of the Tabernacle
New Jerusalem - And again also I showed it to Moses on Mount Sinai when I showed to him the likeness of the Tabernacle and all its vessels. My Tabernacle also shall be with them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people
Transportation And Travel - After the completion of the wilderness Tabernacle, six covered wagons, each pulled by two oxen, were donated by the tribal leaders to the Levites to transport holy items along the line of march (Numbers 7:1-8 )
Targums - ‘And the glory of the Lord was revealed to him in the valley of Mamre; and he, being ill from the pain of circumcision, sat at the door of the Tabernacle in the beat of the day
God - His ‘tabernacle is with men’ and He ‘shall dwell with them … and be with them’ (Revelation 21:3)
Sanctify - ...
Finally, this stem may be used as a true passive of the primary stem in the sense of “to be consecrated or set aside for God’s use”: “And there  I will meet with the children of Israel, and the Tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory” (Synagogue - Although the sacrifices could not be offered, except in the Tabernacle or the temple, the other exercises of religion were restricted to no particular place
Deuteronomy, the Book of - The relaxation granted in Deuteronomy 12:15 as to killing in all their gates, whereas in Leviticus 17:3-4, the victim even for ordinary eating must be killed at the door of the Tabernacle, is precisely what we might expect when Israel was on the verge of entering Canaan, which they were at the time of the delivering of Deuteronomy
Baptism - The plural" baptisms" is used in the wider sense, all purifications by water; as of the priest's hands and feet in the laver outside before entering the Tabernacle, in the daily service (Exodus 30:17-21); of the high priest's flesh in the holy place on the day of atonement (Leviticus 16:23); of persons ceremonially unclean (Leviticus 14; 15; Leviticus 16:26-28; Leviticus 17:15; Leviticus 22:4-6), a leper, one with an issue, one who ate that which died of itself, one who touched a dead body, the one who let go the scape-goat or buried the ashes of the red heifer, of the people before a religious festival (Exodus 19:10; John 11:55)
Law - Five and ten predominate in the proportions of the Tabernacle
Hebrews, Epistle to - Certainly among the Christians of the first two or three generations there must have been a large number of proselytes who were well acquainted with the Levitical ceremonial, and to whom the description of the furniture of the Tabernacle would have been perfectly intelligible ( Hebrews 9:2 ff
Old Testament in the New Testament, the - Similarly, the Tabernacle itself harbors contradictions: it was meant to be "the tent of meeting, " and yet it was structured to keep God separate! "The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed" (9:8)
Aaron - ) God visited them with retribution in kind, consuming them with fire from the Lord; and to prevent a similar evil recurring, forbade henceforth the use of wine to the priests when about to officiate in the Tabernacle; the prohibition coming so directly after the sin, if the cause was indeed intemperance, is an undesigned coincidence and mark of genuineness: compare Luke 1:15 and 1 Timothy 3:3 for the present application
Wealth - Great quantities of material resources were expended in constructing and furnishing the Tabernacle (Exodus 25-30 ), but the temptations to use wealth for idolatry loomed menacingly near (chap
Judges, the Book of - all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh" (awful perversity! in the face of divine light close to them) imply that the book was written after the Philistine capture of the ark, and after its return and setting up at, Nob in Saul's reign (1 Samuel 21); it remained at Shiloh only until its capture at Eli's death (1 Samuel 1:3; 1 Samuel 3:21; 1 Samuel 4:3), in David's reign the Tabernacle was at Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:39; 1 Chronicles 21:29)
God, Names of - This overtone of presence is reiterated in the naming of the wilderness structure as "tabernacle" (lit
Beda, Historian - Genesis 4 books, derived chiefly from Basil, Ambrose, and Augustine; the Tabernacle, 3 books; Sam
Bride - To this ancient custom, the Psalmist alludes in his magnificent description of the heavens: "In them he set a Tabernacle for the sun; which, as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, rejoices as a strong man to run a race," Psalms 19:4
Magi - " Fire, by Zerdushta, appears to have been used emblematically only; and the ceremonies for preserving and transmitting it, introduced by him, were manifestly taken from the Jews, and the sacred fire of their Tabernacle and temple
Presence (2) - ’ It is among a people redeemed from their sins and consecrated to service that God will Tabernacle (σκηνώσει) as an abiding presence (Shekinah, fr
Baptism - and many other precepts relating to ceremonial pollutions, in which may be seen, that the Jews were rendered incapable of appearing before God in the Tabernacle or temple, till they were washed either by bathing or sprinkling
Zechariah, the Book of - The mention of myrtles (representing the then depressed Jewish church, Zechariah 8:20-23) accords with the fact of their non mention before the Babylonian exile (Zechariah 11:13-14); contrast the original command as to the trees at the feast of Tabernacles, "palms, and willows of the brook" Esther's name Hadassah means "myrtle". ...
The fifth vision (Zechariah 4:1-9), the candlestick or chandelier with seven lights, fed by seven tubes apiece, borrowed from the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:31, etc. The reference to the glorious millennial feast of Tabernacles to come is in undesigned coincidence with Zechariah's assisting Zerubbabel who kept the typical feast (Ezekiel 47:1-12; Ezra 3:4; Ezra 5:1-2)
Jephthah And His Daughter - And as for their Tabernacle, he took it by storm, or, if not it, then that temple not made with hands, eternal in the heavens
David - in His Services - And when I think also of the multitudes that no man can number to whom David's Psalms have been their constant song in the house of their pilgrimage; in the Tabernacle as they fell for the first time hot from David's heart and harp; in the temple of Solomon his son with all the companies of singers and all their instruments of music; in the synagogues of the captivity; in the wilderness as the captives returned to the New Jerusalem; in the New Jerusalem every Sabbath-day and every feast-day; in the upper room, both before and after supper; in Paul's prison at Philippi; in the catacombs; in Christian churches past number; in religious houses all over Christendom at all hours of the day and the night; in deserts, in mountains, in dens and caves of the earth; in our churches; in our Sabbath-schools; in our families morning and evening; in our sickrooms; on our death-beds; and in the night-watches when the disciples of Christ watch and pray lest they enter into temptation
Temple - The plan, and the whole model of this superb structure, were formed after that of the Tabernacle, but of much larger dimensions
Christianity - The author of Hebrews shows us that the ministries of Tabernacle and Temple were examples and shadows of Christ’s heavenly Priesthood
Holy, Holiness - Sinai, the Tabernacle, Israel's two camps, (one for the clean and one for the unclean), and ultimately the temple, each with their accompanying physical elements and human ministers, point to one goal: the possibility of dwelling with the Holy One (cf
Election - Through their patriarchs and their Divinely guided history, through the laws and institutions of the Mosaic economy, through Tabernacle and temple, through prophets and psalmists, through their sacred Scriptures, and at length through the Incarnate Word, born of the chosen people, the world has received the knowledge of the being and spirituality of God, of the love and mercy and grace of our Father in heaven
Solomon - )...
He walked in David's godly ways but there being no one exclusive temple yet, he sacrificed in high places, especially at the great high place in Gibeon, where was the Tabernacle with its altar, while the ark was in Zion. The building of the temple began in Ζif , the second month of his fourth year; the stones were brought ready, so that no sound of hammer was heard in the house; in seven years it was completed, in the month Βul ('November"), his 11th year (1 Kings 6:37-38); eleven months later Solomon offered the dedication prayer, after the ark had been placed in the holiest place and the glory cloud filled the sanctuary; this was during the feast of Tabernacles
Offerings, the - This type was repeated yearly to maintain the relationship of the people with God, because the Tabernacle of Jehovah remained among them in the midst of their uncleanness
Aaron - The crossing of the Red Sea also, Mount Sinai, and the giving of the Tabernacle and the law-it has certainly been by some one who could both speak well and write well also that all that wonderful piece has been put into our hands
Philo - Paradise, ark, Tabernacle are representations of the world
Weights And Measures - This measure ‘ house of two seahs ’ is the standard of measurement in the Mishna, and is defined as the area of the court of the Tabernacle, or 100×50 cubits (c
Synagogue - 4 446; their orientation, however, does not conform to the rule that they should be directed towards the East, corresponding with the Tabernacle (Numbers 3:38)
Wisdom of Solomon - Except for the statement of the author that he had been commanded by God to build the Temple in imitation of the Tabernacle (9:8), wherein he clearly claims to be Solomon, its historical information scarcely goes beyond Numbers, the last event narrated being the plague described in Hebrews 1:3 (18:23)
Holy Spirit - All of these uses recur throughout the Old Testament, but one other remains unique to these earliest daysequipping Bezalel and Oholiab with the skills of craftsmanship for constructing the Tabernacle (Exodus 31:3 ; 35:31 ), although the provision of gifts of the Spirit in the New Testament will become a close analogue
Samuel - He opened the doors of the Tabernacle in the morning, and he shut them at night
Assumption of Moses - In the 2500th year from the Creation, after the Exodus, Moses calls Joshua and appoints him his successor as minister of the people and of the Tabernacle of the testimony, at the same time committing to his charge certain books which were to be preserved in the place which God had made from the beginning of the world (Jerusalem)
Education in Bible Times - Specific examples of community education include: the three great pilgrimage festivals (Unleavened Bread, Weeks, and Tabernacles Deuteronomy 16:16 ; cf. Exodus 12:14-28 ), the public reading of the Mosaic law every seventh year (Deuteronomy 31:12-13 ), the covenant renewal enactments (Deuteronomy 29-30 ; Joshua 23-24 ), the annual national festivals/fasts, sabbath worship, historical teaching memorials, Tabernacle/temple architecture and furnishings, the sacrificial system, and priestly dress and liturgical function
Paul - James wound up by showing that Amos' prophecy (Amos 9:11-12) of the call of the Gentiles, consequent on the building again of David's Tabernacle, accords with the facts just stated
Animals - The skin of the dugong is mentioned as a covering for the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:5 ; KJV has badger's skins NAS, porpoise; NIV, sea cows; RSV, goat; NRSV, fine leather)
Baptism - For if no Jew could approach the Tabernacle, or temple, after the most trifling uncleanness, without washing, much less would it be thought proper to admit a proselyte from a state so impure and unclean as Heathenism was conceived to be, without the same mode of purification
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - , Eli, who is held responsible for the evils practiced at the Tabernacle during the time of his priesthood  Saul, who is held responsible for his rejection of the Word of the Lord  David, who is held responsible for his actions in the incident with Bathsheba )
Work - ...
Israel constructs a Tabernacle for the divine presence, to bring as it were, heaven to earth (Exodus 25-40 )
Faith - Possibly this work ought to be regarded as a part of the word of God, for the writer conceives of God’s word coming in the OT through such works as the arrangements of the Tabernacle (Hebrews 9:8), as well as by spoken message, and the work of Christ may he conceived as in its entirety the message of God to men
Faith - Possibly this work ought to be regarded as a part of the word of God, for the writer conceives of God’s word coming in the OT through such works as the arrangements of the Tabernacle (Hebrews 9:8), as well as by spoken message, and the work of Christ may he conceived as in its entirety the message of God to men
Revelation, the - It presents also the coming out of the seven angels from the temple of the Tabernacle of the testimony, having the seven vials, or bowls, of the wrath of God
Covenant - While Moses was receiving instructions concerning worship (building of the Tabernacle, its furnishings, ordaining Aaron and sons as priests) the Israelites made an idol and worshiped it (32:1-6)
Sanctification - The sphere in which the new relationship of sanctity is realized is no longer the earthly Tabernacle or temple, but a sphere in which the worship is spiritual, and the relationship real
Apocrypha - Jerusalem is to be scourged for her children’s works, but she is to give praise to the everlasting King that ‘afterwards his Tabernacle may be builded’ in her ‘again with joy
Character of Christ - What He came to be is determined, in His case as in others, by the dark and mystic Tabernacle wherein His physical frame was formed, by the bosom whereon He lay, and the life-force whereby His own was nourished
Clement of Alexandria - This, he argues, was followed by heathen and Jewish masters alike (19–26); by Pythagoras (27–31); by Moses, in the ordinances of the Tabernacle (32–41); by the Aegyptians (42–44); and by many others (45–56)
Bible - It is certain, however, that the five books of Moses, called the Pentateuch, were collected into one body within a short time after his death; since Deuteronomy, which is, as it were, the abridgment and recapitulation of the other four, was laid in the Tabernacle near the ark, according to the order which he gave to the Levites, Deuteronomy 31:24 . They ended the last section with the last words of Deuteronomy on the Sabbath of the feast of the Tabernacles, and then began anew with the first section from the beginning of Genesis the next Sabbath after, and so went round in this circle every year
Holy Ghost - As in the Tabernacle form of benediction, the Triune Jehovah is recognized as the source of all grace and peace to his creatures; so also we have the apostolic formula: "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all