What does Shechem mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
שְׁכֶ֔ם son of Hamor 9
שְׁכֶ֑ם son of Hamor 8
שְׁכֶ֖ם son of Hamor 6
שְׁכֶ֛ם son of Hamor 4
בִּשְׁכֶֽם son of Hamor 4
שְׁכֶם֙ son of Hamor 4
שְׁכֶֽם son of Hamor 3
שְׁכֶ֥ם son of Hamor 3
שְׁכֶ֑מָה son of Hamor 3
שְׁכֶ֣ם son of Hamor 3
שְׁכֶ֔מָה son of Hamor 2
שְׁכֶם֮ son of Hamor 1
בִּשְׁכֶ֔ם son of Hamor 1
בִּשְׁכֶ֑ם son of Hamor 1
שְׁכֶ֜ם son of Hamor 1
מִשְּׁכֶ֞ם son of Hamor 1
וָשֶׁ֔כֶם son of Gilead and grandson of Manasseh. / a Manassite 1
שֶׁ֔כֶם son of Gilead and grandson of Manasseh. / a Manassite 1
בִשְׁכֶם֒ son of Hamor 1
συχὲμ a city in Ephraim. 1
שֶׁ֑כְמָה son of Hamor 1
שְׁכֶֽמָה son of Hamor 1
؟ בִּשְׁכֶ֔ם son of Hamor 1
συχέμ a city in Ephraim. 1
וּשְׁכֶ֥ם son of Hamor 1
שְׁכֶ֨ם son of Hamor 1
שְׁכֶ֧ם son of Hamor 1
שְׁכֶ֗ם son of Hamor 1
וּשְׁכֶ֣ם son of Hamor 1
וְשֶׁ֕כֶם son of Gilead and grandson of Manasseh. / a Manassite 1

Definitions Related to Shechem

H7927


   1 son of Hamor, the chieftain of the Hivites at Shechem at the time of Jacob’s arrival.
   2 a city in Manasseh; located in a valley between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim, 34 miles (54 km) north of Jerusalem and 7 miles (10. 5 km) south- east of Samaria.
   Additional Information: Shechem = “back” or “shoulder”.
   

G4966


   1 a city in Ephraim.
   2 the son of Emmor.
   Additional Information: Shechem = “shoulder (literal early rising): diligence”.
   

H7928


   1 son of Gilead and grandson of Manasseh.
   2 a Manassite, son of Shemida.
   Additional Information: Shechem = “back” or “shoulder”.
   

Frequency of Shechem (original languages)

Frequency of Shechem (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shechem
Shoulder.
The son of Hamor the Hivite (Genesis 33:19 ; 34 ).
A descendant of Manasseh (Numbers 26:31 ; Joshua 17:2 ).
A city in Samaria (Genesis 33:18 ), called also Sichem (12:6), Sychem (Acts 7:16 ). It stood in the narrow sheltered valley between Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south, these mountains at their base being only some 500 yards apart. Here Abraham pitched his tent and built his first altar in the Promised Land, and received the first divine promise (Genesis 12:6,7 ). Here also Jacob "bought a parcel of a field at the hands of the children of Hamor" after his return from Mesopotamia, and settled with his household, which he purged from idolatry by burying the teraphim of his followers under an oak tree, which was afterwards called "the oak of the sorcerer" (Genesis 33:19 ; 35:4 ; Judges 9:37 ). (See MEONENIM .) Here too, after a while, he dug a well, which bears his name to this day ( John 4:5,39-42 ). To Shechem Joshua gathered all Israel "before God," and delivered to them his second parting address (Joshua 24:1-15 ). He "made a covenant with the people that day" at the very place where, on first entering the land, they had responded to the law from Ebal and Gerizim (Joshua 24:25 ), the terms of which were recorded "in the book of the law of God", i.e., in the roll of the law of Moses; and in memory of this solemn transaction a great stone was set up "under an oak" (Compare Genesis 28:18 ; 31:44-48 ; Exodus 24:4 ; Joshua 4:3,8,9 ), possibly the old "oak of Moreh," as a silent witness of the transaction to all coming time. Shechem became one of the cities of refuge, the central city of refuge for Western Palestine (Joshua 20:7 ), and here the bones of Joseph were buried (24:32). Rehoboam was appointed king in Shechem (1 Kings 12:1,19 ), but Jeroboam afterwards took up his residence here. This city is mentioned in connection with our Lord's conversation with the woman of Samaria (John 4:5 ); and thus, remaining as it does to the present day, it is one of the oldest cities of the world. It is the modern Nablus, a contraction for Neapolis, the name given to it by Vespasian. It lies about a mile and a half up the valley on its southern slope, and on the north of Gerizim, which rises about 1,100 feet above it, and is about 34 miles north of Jerusalem. It contains about 10,000 inhabitants, of whom about 160 are Samaritans and 100 Jews, the rest being Christians and Mohammedans.
The site of Shechem is said to be of unrivalled beauty. Stanley says it is "the most beautiful, perhaps the only very beautiful, spot in Central Palestine."
Gaza, near Shechem, only mentioned 1 Chronicles 7:28 , has entirely disappeared. It was destroyed at the time of the Conquest, and its place was taken by Shechem. (See SYCHAR .)
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Shechem
The ancient town of Shechem lay between Mt Gerizim and Mt Ebal in central Canaan (Deuteronomy 27:12-13; Judges 9:7). It was the first recorded camping place of Abraham when he came to Canaan from Haran (Genesis 12:4-6). (For maps of the region see PALESTINE.)
Abraham’s grandson, Jacob, upon returning to Canaan from Paddan-aram, bought land in Shechem and settled there with his family and flocks (Genesis 33:18-19). When a conflict arose with some of the local inhabitants, Jacob’s sons massacred the men of Shechem and plundered the town (Genesis 34). Jacob and his family then moved elsewhere, though at times they still pastured their flocks near Shechem (Genesis 35:1-4; Genesis 37:12). Joseph’s bones were later buried at Shechem in a field that Jacob had given to Joseph (Genesis 48:22; Joshua 24:32; John 4:5-6).
After the conquest of Canaan, the people of Israel gathered at Shechem to confirm the covenant. The blessings of the covenant were announced from Mt Gerizim on one side of the town, and the curses from Mt Ebal on the other. Just before Joshua’s death, the leaders of Israel gathered at Shechem once more and declared their loyalty to the covenant (Deuteronomy 27:1-14; Joshua 8:30-35; Joshua 24:1-28).
In the division of Canaan among the Israelites, Shechem fell within the tribal allotment of Ephraim, but was set apart for the Levites. It was one of the three cities of refuge west of Jordan (Joshua 20:2; Joshua 20:7; Joshua 21:20-21; see CITY OF REFUGE).
In the time of the judges, Abimelech tried to establish a kingdom in Shechem but his success was shortlived (Judges 9:1-6; Judges 9:16-57). In the time of the monarchy, after the death of Solomon, Rehoboam went to Shechem to be crowned king, no doubt hoping this would help him win the allegiance of the northern tribes. However, the northerners broke away and established their own kingdom, with its capital initially at Shechem (1 Kings 12:1; 1 Kings 12:25). Within a few years they shifted the capital to Tirzah, and later again to Samaria (1 Kings 15:33; 1 Kings 16:8; 1 Kings 16:24; 1 Kings 16:29). Although Shechem lost its importance, it continued to exist, even after the Assyrians had destroyed the northern kingdom and taken most of the people into captivity (Jeremiah 41:5).
When Assyria brought people from elsewhere to live in the deserted northern kingdom, these immigrants intermarried with the Israelites left in the land. In due course this produced a people of mixed blood and mixed religion who became known as the Samaritans. Shechem became the chief city of the Samaritans, and Mt Gerizim became to them a sacred mountain. There they built their temple, worshipped, and held religious festivals. The village of Sychar was nearby (John 4:5-6; John 4:20). (See SAMARIA, SAMARITANS.)
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Shechem
SHECHEM . 1 . Genesis 33:19 ; Genesis 34:2 ; Genesis 34:4 etc. See Jacob, Hamor. 2. A Manassite clan, Numbers 26:31 (35), (the Shechemites), Joshua 17:2 , 1 Chronicles 7:19 . 1 Chronicles 7:3 . See next article.
SHECHEM . The place in which Jacob for a while established himself ( Genesis 33:18 , John 4:12 ). Here he is said to have dug the well coosecrated by Christ’s conversation with the Samaritan woman, and still shown to travellers, with a claim to authenticity which is lacking in the vast majority of the so-called ‘holy places.’ It was evidently a place of sanctity: there was a great oak (or terebinth) here no doubt a sacred tree where Jacob hid his teraphim ( Genesis 35:4 ), and under which Joshua gave his parting address to the elders ( Joshua 24:1-33 ). A great stone under the tree was traditionally connected with the latter event ( Joshua 24:26 ). This is no doubt the reason why Shechem was a Levitical city, and also a city of refuge ( Judges 9:1-570 ). The city, however, remained Canaanite after the conquest, serving the local god Baal-herith ( Judges 9:4 ): Gideon’s concubine, mother of Abimelech, was a Canaanitess from Shechem, and her relatives set up her son as a king, to his and their own destruction ( 1618455100_87 ). Here Rehoboam alienated the Northern Kingdom by his overhearing speech ( 1 Kings 12:1 ), and Jeroboam for a time was established here ( 1 Kings 12:25 ). It was not a place of importance before the Exile, though continuously inhabited down to and after that event ( Jeremiah 41:5 ). The development of the Samaritan nation led to its rise. It was known at this period to the natives by the name Mabortha (Jos. [1] BJ IV. viii. 1), but the name by which it was generally known, after its re-building by Titus Flavins Vespasianus, was Flavia Neapolis , or, more briefly, Neapolis a name which still persists in the modern Arabic form Nâblus , though usually Roman or Greek names imposed on Palestinian sites have disappeared, the older names persisting.
In the Byzantine period there was a bishopric at Neapolis, of which we know little save that the Samaritans in a.d. 474 wounded the bishop, and were in consequence severely punished by the emperor Zeno. The city fell to the Crusaders in 1099, and several churches were there built by them one of which still survives in part as a mosque. In 1184 it was re-conquered by Saladin. The inhabitants have always been noted for turbulence and lawlessness. Towards the end of the 18th century it was a storm-centre of the inter-tribal wars of the fellahîn , the leader of the district being the notorious Kasim el-Ahmad.
It is now a town of some 24,000 inhabitants, all Moslems except about 150 Samaritans and 700 Christians. They are concerned in extensive soap manufacture, and in trade in wool and cotton with Eastern Palestine. There are Protestant and Roman Catholic missions, and an important English hospital directed by the Church Missionary Society.
In or near the town are shown ‘Jacob’s well,’ which, as already said, is not improbably authentic; and a shrine covering the traditional ‘tomb of Joseph,’ the genuineness of which is perhaps less unassailable.
R. A. S. Macalister.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Shechem
In St. Stephen’s address we read that Jacob and the fathers were carried over unto Shechem and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought of the sons of Hamor in Shechem (Acts 7:16). There is here a combining of two separate traditions. Jacob was buried at Machpelah (Genesis 50:13), which Abraham bought from the sons of Heth (23). Jacob himself bought ground from the children of Hamor, and in it Joseph was buried (Joshua 24:32). This ground was in Shechem. Here Jacob established his residence for some time, and his people entered into the closest relations with the natives. A well, said to have been dug by his orders, was in existence in Christ’s day, and here at Jacob’s well our Lord had His famous interview with the Samaritan woman (John 4). Shechem became famous as a Levite city, and a city of refuge, and still later as the capital of the ten tribes under Jeroboam. It became a city of the Samaritans. Its situation was between Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal, and it lay on the Roman road from Jerusalem to Galilee.
Literature.-C. W. Wilson, article ‘Shechem,’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) ; G. A. Smith, Historical Geography of the Holy Land (G. A. Smith) , 1900, pp. 120, 332; R. J. Knowling, Expositor’s Greek Testament , ‘Acts,’ 1900, ad loc.
J. W. Duncan.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Shechem
1. The first city of Canaan visited by Abram, Genesis 12:6 , where it is called SICHEM.When Jacob returned to Palestine, Hamor the Hivite was its king. It was attacked and plundered by Simeon and Levi. The bones of Joseph were buried there. At the distribution of the land it fell to the lot of Ephraim, and became a Levitical city and a city of refuge. It was there that Joshua delivered his last address to the people. Under the Judges the city was taken by Abimelech, when about a thousand men and women took refuge in the tower, which was destroyed by fire. The tribes assembled there to crown Rehoboam, and, on the division of the kingdom, it became the headquarters of Jeroboam. Genesis 33:18 ; Genesis 37:12-14 ; Joshua 20:7 ; Joshua 21:21 ; Joshua 24:1,25,32 ; Judges 9:1-57 ; 1 Kings 12:1,25 ; 2 Chronicles 10:1 ; Psalm 60:6 ; Psalm 108:7 ; Jeremiah 41:5 .
Shechem was called Neapolis by the Romans, of which its present name, Nablus, is supposed to be a corruption. It lies 32 13' N, 35 16' E . Its vicinity is luxurious in fruit and flowers. It is still partially inhabited by Samaritans, who have a synagogue there, and yearly keep the Passover.
It is called SYCHEM in Acts 7:16 , where it says that Abraham bought a sepulchre there. This is thought to clash with Genesis 33:19 , which speaks of Jacob buying it. But nothing is said in the latter passage about a sepulchre: Jacob bought a piece of ground to spread his tent in. Bengel says of this alleged discrepancy in Stephen's address, that "the brevity which was best suited to the ardour of the Spirit gave Stephen just occasion, in the case of a fact so well known, to compress these details in the way he has done."*
* For further details concerning Stephen's address see "Bible Handbook, New Testament," pages 144-6.
2. Son of Hamor the chief of the city of Shechem — from whom the city appears to have derived its name — killed with his father and household by Simeon and Levi because he had dishonoured their sister Dinah. Genesis 33:19 ; Genesis 34:2-26 ; Joshua 24:32 ; Judges 9:28 .
3. Descendant of Gilead, a grandson of Manasseh. Numbers 26:31 ; Joshua 17:2 .
4. Son of Shemidah, a descendant of Manasseh. 1 Chronicles 7:19 : cf. Joshua 17:2 .
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Shechem
Part; portion; back early in the morning
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Shechem (1)
("shoulder", or "upper part of the back just below the neck"); explained as if the town were on the shoulder of the heights dividing the waters that flow toward the Mediterranean on the W. and to the Jordan on the E.; or on a shoulder or ridge connected with Mounts Ebal and Gerizim. Also called SICHEM, SYCHEM, and SYCHAR (John 4:5; Joshua 20:7; Judges 9:9; 1 Kings 12:25). Mount Gerizim is close by (Judges 9:7) on the southern side, Mount Ebal on the northern side. These hills at the base are but 500 yards apart. Vespasian named it Neapolis; coins are extant with its name "Flavia Νeapolis "; now Nablus by corruption. The situation is lovely; the valley runs W. with a soil of rich, black, vegetable mold, watered by fountains, sending forth numerous streams flowing W.; orchards of fruit, olive groves, gardens of vegetables, and verdure on all sides delight the eye. On the E. of Gerizim and Ebal the flue plain of Mukhna stretches from N. to S.
Here first in Canaan God appeared to Abraham (Genesis 12:6), and here he pitched his tent and built an altar under the oak or terebinth (not "plain") of Moreh; here too Jacob re-entered the promised land (Genesis 33:18-19), and "bought a parcel of a field where he had spread his tent," from the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, and bequeathed it subsequently to Joseph (Genesis 48:22; Joshua 24:32; John 4:5); a dwelling place, whereas Abraham's only purchase was a burial place. It lay in the rich plain of the Mukhna, and its value was increased by the well Jacob dug there. Joshua made "Shechem in Mount Ephraim" one of the six cities of refuge (Joshua 20:7). The suburbs in our Lord's days reached nearer the entrance of the valley between Gerizim and Ebal than now; for the narrative in John 4:30; John 4:35, implies that the people could be seen as they came from the town toward Jesus at the well, whereas Nablus now is more than a mile distant, and cannot be seen from that point.
Josephus (B. J. 3:7, section 32) says that more than 10,000 of the inhabitants were once destroyed by the Romans, implying a much larger town and population than at present. (See DINAH; HAMOR.) (See JACOB on the massacre by Simeon and Levi, Genesis 34.) Under Abraham's oak at Shechem Jacob buried the family idols and amulets (Genesis 35:1-4). Probably too "the strange gods" or "the gods of the stranger" were those carried away by Jacob's sons from Shechem among the spoils (Genesis 35:2; Genesis 34:26-29). The charge to "be clean and change garments" may have respect to the recent slaughter of the Shechemites, which polluted those who took part in it (Blunt, Undesigned Coincidences). Shechem was for a time Ephraim's civil capital. as Shiloh was its religious capital (Judges 9:2; Judges 21:19; Joshua 24:1-25-26; 1 Kings 12:1). At the same "memorial terebinth" at Shechem the Shechemites made Abimelech king (Judges 9:6).
Jotham's parable as to the trees, the vine, the fig, and the bramble, were most appropriate to the scenery; contrast the shadow of the bramble which would rather scratch than shelter, with Isaiah 32:2. Abimelech destroyed Shechem and sowed it with salt (Judges 9:45). From Gerizim the blessings, and from Ebal the curses, were read (Joshua 8:33-35). At Shechem Joshua gave his farewell charge (Joshua 24:1-25). Joseph was buried there (Amos 4:1-4; Acts 7:16). At Shechem Rehoboam was made king by Israel (1 Kings 12:1); he desired to conciliate the haughty Ephraimites by being crowned there. Here, through his ill advised obstinacy, the Israelites revolted to Jeroboam, who made Shechem his capital. Mediaeval writers (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, Jan. 1878, p. 27-28) placed the Dan and Bethel of Jeroboam's calves on Mounts Ebal and Gerizim. The following reasons favor this view.
(1) The ruins below the western peak of Gerizim are still called Lozeh or Luz, the old name of Bethel; a western spur of Ebal has a site Amad ed Din, (possibly Joshua's altar on Ebal), bearing traces of the name Dan, and the hill is called Ras el Κady ("judgment" answering to the meaning of Dan).
(2) The Bethel of the calf was close to the palace of Jeroboam who lived in Shechem (Amos 7:13; 1 Kings 12:25).
(3) The southern Bethel was in Benjamin (Joshua 18:22) and would hardly have been chosen as a religious center by Jeroboam who was anxious to draw away the people from Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:28).
(4) The southern Bethel was taken from Jeroboam by Abijah king of Judah (2 Chronicles 13:19), whereas the calf of Bethel was not destroyed but remained standing long after (2 Kings 10:29).
(5) The Bethel of the calf is mentioned in connection with Samaria (1 Kings 13:32; 2 Kings 23:19; Joshua 24:32; Amos 5:6), and the old prophet at Bethel was of Samaria according to Josephus (2 Kings 23:18).
(6) The southern Bethel was the seat of a school of prophets, which is hardly consistent with its being the seat of the calf worship (2 Kings 2:2-3).
The "men from Shechem" (Jeremiah 41:5) who had paganly "cut themselves," and were slain by Ishmael, were probably of the Babylonian colonists who combined Jehovah worship with their old idolatries. Shechem was the chief Samaritan city from the time of the setting up of the temple on Gerizim down to its destruction in 129 B.C., i.e. for about 200 years. Sychar is probably a corruption of Shechem; others make it a Jewish alteration, for contempt, from shecher "a lie." (See SYCHAR.) Jesus remained at Shechem two days and won many converts, the firstfruits, followed by a full harvest under Philip the evangelist (Acts 8; John 4:35-43). The population now is about 5,000, of whom 500 are Greek Christians, 150 Samaritans, and a few Jews. The main street runs from E. to W. The houses are of stone, the streets narrow and dark. Eighty springs are within or around Shechem. It is the center of trade between Jaffa and Beirut on one side, and the transjordanic region on the other. It has manufactures of coarse woolen fabrics, delicate silk, camel's hair cloth, and soap. Inscriptions from the Samaritan Pentateuch, of A.D. 529, which had been on the walls of a synagogue, have been found and read.
The well of Jacob lies one mile and a half E. of Shechem beyond the hamlet Balata; beside a mound of ruins with fragments of granite columns on a low hill projecting from Gerizim's base in a N.E. direction, between the plain and the opening of the valley. Formerly a vaulted chamber, ten feet square, with a square hole opening into it, covered over the floor in which was the well's mouth. Now the vault has in part fallen and covered up the mouth; only a shallow pit remains, half filled with stones and rubbish. The well was 75 feet deep at its last measurement, but 105 at Maundrell's visit in 1697. It is now dry almost always, whereas he found 15 feet of water. Jacob dug it deep into the rocky ground, its position indicating it was dug by one who could not rely for water on the springs so near in the valley (Ain Balata and Defneh), the Canaanites being their owners. A church was built round it in the fourth century, but was destroyed before the crusades. Eusebius in the early part of the fourth century confirms the traditional site; John 4 accords with it.
Jesus in His journey from Jerusalem to Galilee rested at it, while "His disciples were gone away into the city to buy meat"; so the well must have lain before, but at some little distance from, the city. Jesus intended on their return to proceed along the plain toward Galilee, without visiting the city Himself, which agrees with the traditional site. The so-called "tomb of Joseph," a quarter of a mile N. of the well in the open plain, in the center of the opening between Gerizim and Ebal, is more open to doubt. A small square of high walls surrounds a common tomb, placed diagonally to the walls; a rough pillar altar is at the head, and another at the foot. In the left corner is a vine whose branches "run over the wall" (Genesis 49:22). Maundrell's description applies better to another tomb named from Joseph at the N.E. foot of Gerizim. However the phrase in Genesis 33:19, "a parcel of a field," Joshua 24:32, favors the site near Jacob's well, bechelqat hasadeh , a smooth lever open cultivated land; in Palestine there is not to be found such a dead level, without the least hollow in a circuit of two hours.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Shechem (2)
1. Son of the Hivite. (See HAMOR; DINAH; JACOB.) (Genesis 33:19; Genesis 33:34).
2. Numbers 26:31; Joshua 17:2.
3. 1 Chronicles 7:19.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Shechem
Shechem (shç'kem), shoulder. Genesis 36:4. A town in the valley between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim; called also Sichem, Sychem, Sychar. Neapolis, and now Nablus, were successively on or near the site of Shechem. It was 34 miles north of Jerusalem, about seven miles southeast of Samaria, and its site is unrivalled for beauty in Palestine. Two mountains parallel to each other, Ebal and Gerizim, almost meeting at their bases and only a mile and a half apart at their summits, enclose a beautiful little valley extending east and west, not more than a, hundred yards wide at the narrowest part, and widening out in both directions. The city is mentioned 48 times in the Bible. Its history begins 4000 years ago, before Jerusalem was founded, and extends through Scripture from Abraham to Christ. Jesus visited the region, preached to a woman at Jacob's well, and many from Sychar believed on him. John 4:5; John 4:39-42. whether Sychar occupied precisely the same site as ancient Shechem has been a question in dispute among scholars. Dr. Thomson describes the situation thus: "Nothing in Palestine surpasses (the vale) in fertility and natural beauty; and this is mainly due to the fine mill-stream which flows through it. The whole country is thickly studded with villages, the plains clothed with grass or grain, and the rounded hills with orchards of olive, fig, pomegranate, and other trees... Nablûs is a queer old place. The streets are narrow and vaulted over; and in the wintertime it is difficult to pass along many of them on account of brooks, which rush over the pavement with deafening roar. In this respect I know no city with which to compare it except Brusa; and, like that city, it has mulberry, orange, pomegranate, and other trees mingled in with the houses, whose odoriferous flowers load the air with delicious perfume during the months of April and May. Here the bilbûl delights to sit and sing, and thousands of other birds unite to swell the chorus. See Samaritans.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Shechem
1. A Canaanite prince, at the town of the same name, who abducted Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and was soon afterwards treacherously slain, with many of his people, by Simeon and Levi, Genesis 34:1-31 .
2. A city of central Canaan, between the mountains Gerizim and Ebal, thirty-four miles north of Jerusalem; called also Sychar and Sychem, Acts 7:16 . It is first mentioned in the history of Abraham, who here erected his first altar in Canaan, and took possession of the country in the name of Jehovah, Genesis 12:6 33:18,19 35:4 . Jacob bought a field in its neighborhood, which by way of overplus, he gave to his son Joseph, who was buried here, Genesis 48:22 Joshua 24:32 . After the conquest of Canaan it became a Levitical city of refuge in Ephraim, and a gathering-place of the tribes, Joshua 20:7 21:21 24:1,25 Judges 9:1-57 . Here Rehoboam gave the ten tribes occasion to revolt, 1 Kings 12:1-33 . In its vicinity was Jacob's well or fountain, at which Christ discoursed with the woman of Samaria, John 4:5 . See also Acts 8:25 9:31 15:3 . After the ruin of Samaria by Shalmaneser, Shechem became the capital of the Samaritans; and Josephus says it was so in the time of Alexander the Great. St the present day it is also the seat of the small remnant of the Samaritans. See SAMARITANS .
It was called by the Romans Neapolis, from which the Arabs have made Napolose, or Nabulus.
The valley of Shechem extends several miles northwest between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim, and is about five hundred yards wide; so that in the pure and elastic air of Palestine the two mountains are within hailing distance of each other, one circumstance among thousands evincing the exact truthfulness of Bible narratives, Deuteronomy 27:11-14 Judges 9:7 . The winter rains which fall in the eastern part of the valley find their way to the Jordan, while in the western part are numerous springs, forming a pretty brook which flows towards the Mediterranean. "Here," says Dr. Robinson, "a scene of luxuriant and almost unparalleled verdure burst upon our view. The whole valley was filled with gardens of vegetables and orchards of all kinds of fruits, watered by several fountains, which burst forth in various parts and flow westward in refreshing streams. It came upon us suddenly, like a scene of fairy enchantment. We saw nothing to compare with it in Palestine." The modern town has several long and narrow streets, partly on the base of Mount Gerizim. It does not appear to extend so far to the east as the ancient city did. The houses are high and well built of stone, and covered with small domes. Nabulus is thought to contain eight thousand inhabitants, all Mohammedans except five hundred Greek Christians, one hundred and fifty Samaritans, and as many Jews. The rocky base of Mount Ebal on the north of the valley is full of ancient excavated tombs. On Mount Gerizim is the holy place of the Samaritans, and the ruins of a strong fortress erected by Justinian. At the foot of these mountains on the east lies the beautiful plain of Mukhna, ten miles long and a mile and a half wide; and where the valley opens on this plain, Joseph's tomb and Jacob's well are located, by the unanimous consent of Jews, Christians, and Mohammedans. The former spot is now covered by a Mohammedan Wely, or sacred tomb; and the latter by an arched stone chamber, entered by a narrow hole in the roof, and the mouth of the well within is covered by a large stone. The well itself is one hundred and five feet deep, and is now sometimes dry. It bears every mark of high antiquity.
The following extract is from Dr. Clarke's description of this place: "There is nothing in the Holy Land finer than a view of Napolose from the heights around it. As the traveller descends towards it from the hills, it appears luxuriantly embosomed in the most delightful and fragrant bowers, half concealed by rich gardens, and by stately trees collected into groves, all around the bold and beautiful valley in which it stands. Trade seems to flourish among its inhabitants. Their principal employment is in making soap; but the manufactures of the town supply a very widely extended neighborhood, and are exported to a great distance upon camels. In the morning after our arrival, we met caravans coming from Grand Cairo, and noticed others reposing in the large olive plantations near the gates."
"The sacred story of events transacted in the fields of Sychem, from our earliest years is remembered with delight; but with the territory before our eyes where those events took place, and in the view of objects existing as they were described above three thousand years ago, the grateful impression kindles into ecstasy. Along the valley we beheld a company of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead,' Genesis 37:25 , as in the days of Reuben and Judah, with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh,' who would gladly have purchased another Joseph of his brethren, and conveyed him as a slave to some Potiphar in Egypt. Upon the hills around, flocks and herds were feeding, as of old; nor in the simple garb of the shepherds of Samaria was there any thing repugnant to the notions we may entertain of the appearance presented by the sons of Jacob. It was indeed a scene to abstract and to elevate the mind; and under emotions so called forth by every circumstance of powerful coincidence, a single moment seemed to concentrate whole ages of existence."
"The principal object of veneration is Jacob's well, over which a church was formerly erected. This is situated at a small distance from the town, in the road to Jerusalem, and has been visited by pilgrims of all ages, but particularly since the Christian era, as the place where our Savior revealed himself to the woman of Samaria."
"The spot is so distinctly marked by the evangelist, and so little liable to uncertainty, from the circumstance of the well itself and the features of the country, that, if no tradition existed for its identity, the site of it could hardly be mistaken. Perhaps no Christian scholar ever attentively read John 4:1-54 , without being struck with the numerous intervals evidences of truth which crowd upon the mind in its perusal. Within so small a compass it is impossible to find in other writings so many sources of reflection and of interest. Independently of its importance as a theological document, it concentrates so much information, that a volume might be filled with illustration it reflects on the history of the Jews and on the geography of their country. All that can be gathered on these subjects from Josephus seems but as a comment to illustrate this chapter. The journey of our Lord from Judea into Galilee; the cause of it; his passage through the territory of Samaria; his approach to the metropolis of this country; its name; his arrival at the Amorite field which terminates the narrow valley of Sychem; the ancient custom of halting at a well; the female employment of drawing water; the disciples sent into the city for food, by which its situation out of the town is obviously implied; the question of the woman referring to existing prejudices which separated the Jews from the Samaritans; the depth of the well; the oriental allusion contained in the expression, living water;' the history of the well, and the customs thereby illustrated; the worship upon Mount Gerizim; all these occur within the space of twenty verses."

Sentence search

sy'Chem, - the Greek form of the word Shechem. [1]
Michmethah - ” Site near Shechem (Joshua 16:6 ; Joshua 17:7 ). Michmethath has been identified with khirbet Makhneh el-Foqa about five miles southeast of Shechem and with khirbet Juleijil east of Shechem
Zebul - ” Resident of Shechem who was a follower of Abimelech, son of Gideon. When Gaal plotted against Abimelech in Shechem, Zebul sent word to Abimelech who came to Shechem and defeated Gaal (Judges 9:30-41 )
Gerizim - Mount Gerizim stood beside the town of Shechem, opposite Mount Ebal. Both mountains were closely linked with Shechem in the history of Israel, and Mt Gerizim later became a sacred mountain to the Samaritans (Deuteronomy 27:11-14; John 4:20). (For details see Shechem
Sychar - The village of Sychar belonged to the Samaritans and was near the ancient town of Shechem (John 4:5-6). (For details see Shechem
Dinah - According to Genesis 34:1 , she was sexually assaulted by a man named Shechem, who wished to marry her. Simeon and Levi, her brothers, took revenge by killing the male residents of the city of Shechem. See Jacob ; Leah ; Shechem; Patriarchs
el-Berith - ” A god worshiped in a temple at Shechem. There the citizens of Shechem sought protection when Abimelech attacked them, but Abimelech set the citadel on fire (Judges 9:46-49 ). ” See Baal-berith ; Shechem
Beth-Millo - A part of Shechem or a fortress guarding Shechem, where the citizens of Shechem proclaimed Abimelech king
Arumah - ” Abimelech, the judge, lived there while he fought to control Shechem (Judges 9:41 ). It may be modern Khirbet el-Ormah south of Shechem
sy'Char, - a place named only in (John 4:5 ) Sychar was either a name applied to the town of Shechem or it was an independent place. [1]
Sychem - See Shechem
Hamor - See Shechem
Sichem - See Shechem
Sychem - See Shechem
Jacob's Well - See Shechem
Sychar or Sychem - See Shechem
Sal'Mon, - a hill near Shechem, on which Abimelech and his followers cut down the boughs with which they set the tower of Shechem on fire
Sal'Mon, - a hill near Shechem, on which Abimelech and his followers cut down the boughs with which they set the tower of Shechem on fire
Shechem - The ancient town of Shechem lay between Mt Gerizim and Mt Ebal in central Canaan (Deuteronomy 27:12-13; Judges 9:7). )...
Abraham’s grandson, Jacob, upon returning to Canaan from Paddan-aram, bought land in Shechem and settled there with his family and flocks (Genesis 33:18-19). When a conflict arose with some of the local inhabitants, Jacob’s sons massacred the men of Shechem and plundered the town (Genesis 34). Jacob and his family then moved elsewhere, though at times they still pastured their flocks near Shechem (Genesis 35:1-4; Genesis 37:12). Joseph’s bones were later buried at Shechem in a field that Jacob had given to Joseph (Genesis 48:22; Joshua 24:32; John 4:5-6). ...
After the conquest of Canaan, the people of Israel gathered at Shechem to confirm the covenant. Just before Joshua’s death, the leaders of Israel gathered at Shechem once more and declared their loyalty to the covenant (Deuteronomy 27:1-14; Joshua 8:30-35; Joshua 24:1-28). ...
In the division of Canaan among the Israelites, Shechem fell within the tribal allotment of Ephraim, but was set apart for the Levites. ...
In the time of the judges, Abimelech tried to establish a kingdom in Shechem but his success was shortlived (Judges 9:1-6; Judges 9:16-57). In the time of the monarchy, after the death of Solomon, Rehoboam went to Shechem to be crowned king, no doubt hoping this would help him win the allegiance of the northern tribes. However, the northerners broke away and established their own kingdom, with its capital initially at Shechem (1 Kings 12:1; 1 Kings 12:25). Although Shechem lost its importance, it continued to exist, even after the Assyrians had destroyed the northern kingdom and taken most of the people into captivity (Jeremiah 41:5). Shechem became the chief city of the Samaritans, and Mt Gerizim became to them a sacred mountain
Pillar, Plain of the, - or rather "oak of the pillar" (that being the real signification of the Hebrew word elon ), a tree which stood near Shechem and at which the men of Shechem and the house of Millo assembled to crown Abimelech the son of Gideon
Sychar - (ssi' kahr) Place name intended to note “falsehood,” though perhaps originally derived from “Shechem. Jacob bought the parcel of land from “the children of Hamor, Shechem's father” (Genesis 33:19 ). The site has been identified variously with Shechem and a village just north of there called Askar. Archaeological excavations have revealed that Sychar and Shechem are part of the same ancient settlement
Shalem - In Genesis 33:13 we read ‘Jacob (on his return from Haran) came to Shalem a city of Shechem’ (RV [1] reads ‘in peace to the city of Shechem’; so Luther in his German translation). Otherwise we must suppose Shalem to be a small town (in the neighbourhood of Shechem), which has been identified with a village called Salim
Hamor - ” In Genesis 33:19 , the father of Shechem. Hamor and Shechem were killed by Simeon and Levi in an act of revenge for the outrage committed against Dinah (Genesis 34:25-26 ). Hamor was the original clan ancestor of the city of Shechem (Judges 9:28 )
Ebal - The mountains Ebal and Gerizim were in central Canaan and stood opposite each other on either side of the town of Shechem. The town and the mountains were closely linked in some important events in Israel’s history (Joshua 8:32-35; Joshua 24:1; for details see Shechem)
Arumah - Near Shechem, where Abimelech resided (Judges 9:41)
Gaal - He emboldened the Shechemites to rebel against Abimelech (Judges 9:26). "Gaal came with his brethren and went over to Shechem, and the lords of Shechem (Hebrew) put their confidence in him. " He apparently was captain of a band of freebooters; and the Shechemites who were dissatisfied with Abimelech's rule hoped Gaal would help them against him. Already they had "set liers in wait for Abimelech in the tops of the mountains" (Ebal and Gerizim, between which Shechem was situated), who robbed all passers by. At the feast Gaal said, "Who is Abimelech and who is Shechem that we should serve him? is not he son of Jerubbaal?" i. , he is son of the man who pulled down Baal's altar at Shechem and restored Jehovah's worship, for which the Shechemites themselves had tried to slay him (Judges 6:27-32). Who is "Zebul his officer"? explains the previous "who is Shechem?"...
The might of Shechem does not consist in the might of Zebul its prefect, Abimelech's officer. To the one officer of Abimeleeh Gaal opposes, "serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem " the patricians of the ancient line whom the Shechemites should serve; Humor was the Hivite prince who founded Shechem (Genesis 33:19; Genesis 34:2; Joshua 24:32). The rebellion sought to combine the aboriginal Shechemites with the idolatrous Israelites against the anti-Baalite family of Gideon. Heated with wine Gaal vaunted that he, if made leader of the Shechemites, would soon overcome and "remove Abimelech. feigning assent to Gaal while planning his overthrow) sent information to Abimelech, who (margin, Judges 9:37) came "by way of the wizards' terebinths," and "chased Gaal" in battle; and "Zebul thrust out him and his brethren that they should not dwell in Shechem. " In Judges 9:39 it is translated: "Gaal went out in the sight of the lords of Shechem," not at their head, but leading his own men; not until the "morrow" did the Shechemites go out
Zebul - ...
Chief man of Shechem; Abimelech's officer, acting for his interests against the native Canaanites and (See GAAL . When Abimelech defeated the latter, Zebul thrust out Gaal and his brethren from Shechem (Judges 9:28; Judges 9:30; Judges 9:36; Judges 9:38; Judges 9:41)
Thebez - (thee' baz) Likely Tubas, thirteen miles northeast of Shechem where the roads from Shechem and Dothan converge to lead down to the Jordan Valley
Sichem - (ssi' chehm) KJV variant spelling of Shechem (Genesis 12:6 )
Shechemites - Descendants of Shechem, a descendant of Gilead
Zebul - Habitation, the governor of Shechem under Abimelech (Judges 9:28,30,36 ). He informed his master of the intention of the people of Shechem to transfer their allegiance to the Hivite tribe of Hamor
Acrabatene - a district of Judaea, extending between Shechem (now Napolose) and Jericho, inclining east. The Acrabatene had its name from a place called Akrabbim, about nine miles from Shechem, eastward
Shalem - Rather "Jacob came in peace to the city of Shechem. of Nablas (Shechem), i. between Shechem and the Jordan valley where at Succoth Jacob was just before (Genesis 33:17)
Gaal - ), organized the rising against Abimelech by the discontented in Shechem. Gaal and his brethren were driven out of Shechem, and terrible vengeance was taken upon the disaffected city
Zalmon - ...
...
A wood near Shechem, from which Abimelech and his party brought boughs and "put them to the hold" of Shechem, "and set the hold on fire" (Judges 9:48 )
She'Chemites, the, - the family of Shechem son of Gilead
Aesora - of Shechem
Zebul - Governor of Shechem for Abimelech while the latter was absent
Hamor - His son Shechem founded the city of that name which Simeon and Levi destroyed because of his crime in the matter of Dinah, Jacob's daughter (Genesis 34:20 ). Hamor and Shechem were also slain (ver
Sichem - (See Shechem
Shechem - Stephen’s address we read that Jacob and the fathers were carried over unto Shechem and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought of the sons of Hamor in Shechem (Acts 7:16). This ground was in Shechem. Shechem became famous as a Levite city, and a city of refuge, and still later as the capital of the ten tribes under Jeroboam. Wilson, article ‘Shechem,’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) ; G
Ekrebel - of Shechem, the capital of Akrabattine
Aru'Mah - (height ), a place apparently in the neighborhood of Shechem, at which Abimelech resided
Sychar - Shechem or Νablus (Jerome Quaest. It is objected that Jacob's well at the entrance into the valley is a mile and a half from Shechem, and that it is unlikely the woman, if belonging to Shechem, would go so far for water when plenty was nearer at hand; but Robinson conjectures the town had extensive suburbs anciently which reached to near Jacob's well. of, Neapolis (Shechem ) by the field of Joseph with Jacob's well. "A city of Samaria called Sychar" is language not likely to be used of the metropolis Shechem; moreover the name Sychem occurs Acts 7:16. On the other hand "called" suits the idea that Sychar is a Jewish nickname for Shechem. Jacob's well is at the point where the narrow vale of Shechem broadens into the great plain; it is 2,000 yards E. of Nablus (Shechem ), which is hidden from it
Hamor - Prince of the Hivites and father of Shechem, of whose family Jacob bought a piece of ground in which Joseph was buried. He with Shechem and all the males of the city were slain with the sword by Simeon and Levi in vindication of their sister Dinah
Baal-Berith - The name means “lord of covenant,” and the god's temple was located at Shechem. The designation, “lord of covenant,” may mean that a covenant between the Israelites and the Shechemites was agreed to and annually renewed in his shrine. See Shechem
Lebonah - City near to Bethel and Shechem
Zalmon - Mountain near Shechem where Abimelech and his men cut brush with which to burn the tower of Shechem (Judges 9:48-49 )
Ebed - Slave, the father of Gaal, in whom the men of Shechem "put confidence" in their conspiracy against Abimelech (Judges 9:26,26,30,31 )
Dowry - The suitor's payment to the father for the wife (Genesis 24:53, Isaac; Genesis 29:18, Jacob; Genesis 34:12, Shechem)
Zalmon - Zalmon (zăl'mon), shady, Mount, a hill near Shechem, Judges 9:48
Chusi - of Shechem and 5 miles W
Baalberith - The god signifying 'covenant lord' set up at Shechem
Arumah - City or district apparently near Shechem, the abode of Abimelech
Hamor - He is ‘the father of Shechem ’ ( Genesis 33:19 , 34, Joshua 24:32 , Genesis 34:1-2 ); but in the first and last two of these passages, the inhabitants of Shechem are called ‘the sons of Hamor’ and ‘the men of Hamor. ‘the sons of Heth’ = the Hittites, Genesis 23:3 ]'>[1], who were a branch of the Hivites ( Genesis 34:2 ); and ‘the father of Shechem’ means the founder of the place Shechem (cf. According to p ( Genesis 34:20-251 a, Genesis 34:4 ; Genesis 34:6 ; Genesis 34:8-10 ; Genesis 34:13-18 ; 1618455100_26 (partly) Genesis 34:27-29 ), Hamor negotiates with Jacob and his sons for the marriage of Shechem and Dinah, with the object of amalgamating the two peoples; circumcision is imposed by the sons of Jacob upon the whole Hamorite tribe, and then they attack the city, slaying all the males and carrying off the whole of the spoil. ]'>[2] ) pictures a much smaller personal affair, in which Shechem loves, and is ready to marry, Dinah; he only is circumcised, and he and Hamor alone are slain by Simeon and Levi an incident to which Genesis 49:5-7 appears to refer. ’ Abraham bought a tomb in Machpelah, not in Shechem ( Genesis 23:17 f
Arumah - of Nâblus (Shechem)
el-Elo'he-is'Rael - (God, the God of Israel ), the name bestowed by Jacob on the altar which he erected facing the city of Shechem
Pillar, Plain of the - In Judges 9:6 we read that the men of Shechem made Abimelech king ‘by the plain (AV Yeshebi - The Hebrew word rendered "inhabitants" in Joshua 17:7 , but probably rather the name of the village Yeshepheh, probably Yassuf, 8 miles south of Shechem
Lebonah - Judges 21:19 , a town of Ephraim, near Shiloh, between Bethel and Shechem
Zebul - A governor of the city of Shechem, who labored adroitly to preserve the city for Abimelech his master, the son of Gideon, Judges 9:1 - 57
Thebez - Brightness, a place some 11 miles north-east of Shechem, on the road to Scythopolis, the modern Tabas. Abimelech led his army against this place, because of its participation in the conspiracy of the men of Shechem; but as he drew near to the strong tower to which its inhabitants had fled for safety, and was about to set fire to it, a woman cast a fragment of millstone at him, and "all to brake his skull" i
Dinah - She was seduced by Shechem, the son of Hamor, the Hivite chief, when Jacob's camp was in the neighbourhood of Shechem. This led to the terrible revenge of Simeon and Levi in putting the Shechemites to death (Genesis 34 )
Dinah - Abducted and violated by Shechem the son Hamor, and rescued by her brothers Simeon and Levi
Zal'Mon, Mount, - a wooded eminence in the immediate neighborhood of Shechem
Ebal - Deuteronomy 27:1-28:68 ; a mountain in Ephraim, over against mount Gerizim, from which it is separated by a valley about five hundred yards wide and three miles long, in which stands the town of Shechem. As you journey from Jerusalem, and turn to pass through the valley west-northwest to Shechem, mount Ebal is on the right hand and mount Gerizim on the left. See GERIZIM , Shechem
Salim - Supposed to be a village east of Shechem, still called Salim , 32 12' N, 35 19' E
Thebez - It is now Tubas, a place 11 miles northeast of Shechem
ze'Bul - (habitation ), chief man (Authorized Version "ruler") of the city of Shechem at the time of the contest between Abimelech and the native Canaanites
Rumah - Elevation, probably the same as Arumah (Judges 9:41 ; 2 Kings 23:36 ), near Shechem
Lebonah - A place near Shiloh on the way to Shechem ( Judges 21:19 )
Pirathon - Prince, or summit, a place "in the land of Ephraim" (Judges 12:15 ), now Fer'on, some 10 miles south-west of Shechem
Salmon - This was one of the high hills which environed the ancient Shechem and afforded pasturage for Jacob's flocks
Ebed - Father of GAAL who helped the men of Shechem against Abimelech
Zalmon, Mount - ) "Black forest," a wooded hill near Shechem, from which Abimelech brought boughs to burn the tower of the city (Judges 9:48)
Shalem - This is judged to be not a proper name, but that the passage should read, Jacob came 'safely' to the city of Shechem
Mount Ebal - It was situated in Ephraim, near Shechem, over against Gerizim
ha'Mor - (an ass ), a Hivite who at the time of the entrance of Jacob on Palestine was prince of the land and city of Shechem
Meonenim, the Oak of - The oak of Meonenim was at a distance from Shechem. That where under Jacob hid the strange gods and talisman earrings of his household was close by Shechem (Genesis 35:4), the same where Abram built his first altar in Palestine (Genesis 12:6); here also Joshua, alluding to the patriarch Jacob's address and the original idolatry of Israel's forefathers, urges the people similarly to "put away the strange gods," etc. ) In Judges 9:6, "the oak (not 'plain') of memorial" (mutsab ) is the large memorial stone set up under the oak at Shechem
Taanath-Shiloh - Approach to Shiloh, a place on the border of Ephraim (Joshua 16:6 ), probably the modern T'ana, a ruin 7 miles south-east of Shechem, on the ridge east of the Mukhnah plain
Baal-Berith - Worshipped at Shechem by Israel after Gideon's death (Judges 8:33; Judges 9:4) "Baal in covenant", namely, with his worshippers; or perhaps a compromise, to combine Baal with the "covenant" of Jehovah
el-Elohe-Israel - ” The name Jacob gave altar he set up in land he bought near Shechem (Genesis 33:20 )
Arbatta - of Shechem
el-Elohe-Israel - The name bestowed by Jacob on the altar which he erected facing the city of Shechem
Zalmon, Mount - Place near Shechem from whence Abimelech brought boughs of trees with which he destroyed the Shechemites by fire
Zalmon or Salmon - Hebrew Tzalmon, a height in Samaria near Shechem, Judges 9:48 , perhaps a part of mount Ebal; apparently the same that in Psalm 68:14 is spoken of as covered with new-fallen snow
Millo - ...
...
In Judges 9:6,20 it is the name of a rampart in Shechem, probably the "tower of Shechem" (9:46,49)
Salmon - A hill near Shechem on which Abimelech cut down the boughs with which they set on fire the tower of Shechem
Taanath-Shiloh - ” village located about seven miles southeast of Shechem between Michmethath and Janoah (Joshua 16:6 ), identified with the modern khirbet Ta'nah el Foqa
Janohah - of Nablus (Neapolis) or Shechem
Ahian - A Manassite, described as ‘son of Shemida’ ( 1 Chronicles 7:19 ); but the name is scarcely that of an individual; note in the context Ahiezer and Shechem, and cf
Moreh, Plain of - ' It was near Shechem, where Abram first pitched his tent on entering Canaan, and where the Lord appeared to him
Mil'lo, the House of -
Apparently a family or clan, mentioned in (Judges 9:6,20 ) only, in connection with the men or lords of Shechem
Ebed - Father of Gaal who rebelled against Abimelech, when God had sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem
Ebed - Father of Gaal, who led revolt in Shechem against Abimelech (Judges 9:26-40 )
Sha'Lem - It is certainly remarkable that there should be a modern village hearing the name of Salim three miles east of Nablus , the ancient Shechem
Timnath-Heres - It was "in the mount of Ephraim, in the north side of the hill Gaash," 10 miles south-west of Shechem
Ambush - Shechem was taken in this manner (Judges 9:30-45
Thebez - " A town near Shechem
el-Elohe-Isreal - Mighty one; God of Israel, the name which Jacob gave to the alter which he erected on the piece of land where he pitched his tent before Shechem, and which he afterwards purchased from the sons of Hamor (Genesis 33:20 )
Simeon - He and his brother Levi destroyed the city of Shechem in retaliation for their sister Dinah?s abduction and violation
Dinah - Daughter of Jacob and Leah: defiled by Shechem, son of the chieftain Hamor, which led to the massacre of the Shechemites through the craftiness and cruelty of Simeon and Levi
ru'Mah - (Judges 9:41 ) which was apparently near Shechem
Gerizim - (See Deuteronomy 27:1-26, throughout; Joshua 8:30-35) Both those mountains were near Shechem in Ephraim, a province of Samaria. It should seem, that Gerizim was very near to Shechem; for Jotham, the son of Gideon, addressed the people of that city from it
Salmon - It is perhaps the same as Mount ZALMON in Judges 9:48 , the Hebrew being the same, a wooded mountain near Shechem
e'Bed - )
Father of Gaal, who with his brethren assisted the men of Shechem in their revolt against Abimelech
Meonenim - This may be the oak at Shechem under which Abram pitched his tent (see Genesis 35:4 )
Gebim - In Eusebius a Geba 5 Roman miles from Gophna, on the way to Neapolis (Shechem), is noticed
Levi - He and his brother Simeon destroyed the city of Shechem in retaliation for their sister Dinah’s abduction and violation
Gaal - Judges 9:26-41 , son of Ebed, perhaps a descendant of Hamor, the father of Shechem, Genesis 34:2-6 . He joined the Shechemites when revolting against Aimelech, son of Gideon, inflamed their passions, and led them to battle, but was defeated, and excluded from the city
Mich'Methah - ( Joshua 17:7 ) The position of the place must be somewhere on the east of and not far distant from Shechem
di'Nah - ) She accompanied her father from Mesopotamia to Canaan, and, having ventured among the inhabitants, was violated by Shechem the son of Hamor, the chieftain of the territory in which her father had settled. Shechem proposed to make the usual reparation by paying a sum to the father and marrying her. (Genesis 34:12 ) This proposal was accepted, the sons of Jacob demanding, as a condition of the proposed union, the circumcision of the Shechemites
Gibeah of Phinehas - It has been identified with the modern Khurbet Jibia, 5 miles north of Guphna towards Shechem
Michmethah - of and facing Shechem (Joshua 17:7); but Joshua 16:6 says Ephraim's border went out toward the sea to Michmethah on the N
Ophni - Ophni was likely in the vicinity of Geba and is perhaps Jifna, three miles northwest of Bethel near the intersection of the Jerusalem-Shechem road and the road leading from the Plain of Sharon to Bethel
Sychar - Ebal and Gerizim to Shechem, 1 1/2 miles E [8]. ) mentions a Sychar distinct from Shechem, and about a Roman mile away—to which testimony must be added that of the Itinerary of Jerusalem (a. ) a town spelt’ Ischar (with initial Aleph) is referred to, ‘apparently near Shechem’ and the same as Sychar. To this evidence for separating Shechem and Sychar must be added references in the Talmud (noted by Lightfoot) to a place called Suchar or Sichar, a ‘fountain of Suchar’ and ‘a plain of en-Suchar
Diviner's Oak - A place visable from the gate of Shechem (Judges 9:35 ,Judges 9:35,9:37 ). It may well have played an important role in Canaanite worship at Shechem before Israel took over the ancient worship place
Ophrah - In Manasseh, not far from Shechem (Judges 9:1; Judges 9:5). Epher a head of Manasseh probably gave the name (1 Chronicles 5:24), migrating there with Abiezer and Shechem (Numbers 26:30; Joshua 17:2)
Gerizim - A mountain near Shechem, from which the blessings were pronounced, as the curses were from Mount Ebal, Deuteronomy 11:29; Deuteronomy 27:1-13; Joshua 8:30-33. Gerizim is 2849 feet above the level of the sea, and about 800 feet above Nâblus (Shechem)
Gaal - Loathing, the son of Ebed, in whom the Shechemites "placed their confidence" when they became discontented with Abimelech. He headed the revolution, and led out the men of Shechem against Abimelech; but was defeated, and fled to his own home (Judges 9:26-46 )
Refuge, Cities of - On the west of Jordan were (1) Kadesh, in Naphtali; (2) Shechem, in Mount Ephraim; (3) Hebron, in Judah
Gerizim And Ebal - ” Two mountains which form the sides of an important east-west pass in central Israel known as the valley of Shechem. Ancient Shechem lies at the east entrance of this valley, and modern Nablus stands in the narrow valley between the two mountains. Shechem is located some 40 miles north of Jerusalem and, because of the mountainous terrain, controls all roads through the central hill country of Israel. Both of the mountains are steep and rocky and perhaps gave reason to the probable meaning of Shechem: “shoulder(s). ...
Jotham proclaimed his famous kingship fable to the citizens of Shechem from Mount Gerizim (Judges 9:7 ), thus using its sacred tradition to reinforce the authority of his message
Kesitah - ” Jacob paid 100 kesitahs for land near Shechem (Genesis 33:19 ; compare Joshua 24:32 )
Ophrah - Here Abimelech slew 70 of his kindred, and the town appears to have been near Shechem, in the territory of Manasseh. The Palestine Memoirs suggest as its site the village of Ferata, near Shechem
Tirza - Jeroboam chose it for his residence, and he removed to it from Shechem, which at first he made the capital of his kingdom. It has been identified with the modern mud hamlet Teiasir, 11 miles north of Shechem
Moreh - Abram's first halting place in Canaan, near Shechem and Ebal and Gerizim mountains (Genesis 12:6); here he erected his first altar. "Morthia," on ancient coins, a title of Shechem, preserves the name Moreh
Shechem - To Shechem Joshua gathered all Israel "before God," and delivered to them his second parting address (Joshua 24:1-15 ). Shechem became one of the cities of refuge, the central city of refuge for Western Palestine (Joshua 20:7 ), and here the bones of Joseph were buried (24:32). Rehoboam was appointed king in Shechem (1 Kings 12:1,19 ), but Jeroboam afterwards took up his residence here. ...
The site of Shechem is said to be of unrivalled beauty. " ...
Gaza, near Shechem, only mentioned 1 Chronicles 7:28 , has entirely disappeared. It was destroyed at the time of the Conquest, and its place was taken by Shechem
Sychar - Liar or drunkard (see Isaiah 28:1,7 ), has been from the time of the Crusaders usually identified with Sychem or Shechem (John 4:5 )
Gaal - ” Man who usurped Abimelech's leadership in Shechem but met sudden defeat from Abimelech and left the city (Judges 9:26-41 )
Kanah - A ‘brook’ or wady in the borders of Ephraim ( Joshua 16:8 ; Joshua 17:9 ) which has been identified (doubtfully) with Wady Kanah near Shechem ( Nâblus )
Baal-Berith - The god of Shechem, where he had a temple ( Judges 8:33 ; Judges 9:4 ); called also El-berith ( Judges 9:46 )
Shechem (1) - ...
Here first in Canaan God appeared to Abraham (Genesis 12:6), and here he pitched his tent and built an altar under the oak or terebinth (not "plain") of Moreh; here too Jacob re-entered the promised land (Genesis 33:18-19), and "bought a parcel of a field where he had spread his tent," from the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, and bequeathed it subsequently to Joseph (Genesis 48:22; Joshua 24:32; John 4:5); a dwelling place, whereas Abraham's only purchase was a burial place. Joshua made "Shechem in Mount Ephraim" one of the six cities of refuge (Joshua 20:7). ) Under Abraham's oak at Shechem Jacob buried the family idols and amulets (Genesis 35:1-4). Probably too "the strange gods" or "the gods of the stranger" were those carried away by Jacob's sons from Shechem among the spoils (Genesis 35:2; Genesis 34:26-29). The charge to "be clean and change garments" may have respect to the recent slaughter of the Shechemites, which polluted those who took part in it (Blunt, Undesigned Coincidences). Shechem was for a time Ephraim's civil capital. At the same "memorial terebinth" at Shechem the Shechemites made Abimelech king (Judges 9:6). Abimelech destroyed Shechem and sowed it with salt (Judges 9:45). At Shechem Joshua gave his farewell charge (Joshua 24:1-25). At Shechem Rehoboam was made king by Israel (1 Kings 12:1); he desired to conciliate the haughty Ephraimites by being crowned there. Here, through his ill advised obstinacy, the Israelites revolted to Jeroboam, who made Shechem his capital. ...
(2) The Bethel of the calf was close to the palace of Jeroboam who lived in Shechem (Amos 7:13; 1 Kings 12:25). ...
The "men from Shechem" (Jeremiah 41:5) who had paganly "cut themselves," and were slain by Ishmael, were probably of the Babylonian colonists who combined Jehovah worship with their old idolatries. Shechem was the chief Samaritan city from the time of the setting up of the temple on Gerizim down to its destruction in 129 B. Sychar is probably a corruption of Shechem; others make it a Jewish alteration, for contempt, from shecher "a lie. ) Jesus remained at Shechem two days and won many converts, the firstfruits, followed by a full harvest under Philip the evangelist (Acts 8; John 4:35-43). Eighty springs are within or around Shechem. of Shechem beyond the hamlet Balata; beside a mound of ruins with fragments of granite columns on a low hill projecting from Gerizim's base in a N
Ebal - Mountain near Shechem on which Moses set up the curse for the covenant ceremony (Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Deuteronomy 27:13 ). On the north of Shechem, it stands opposed to the fruitful Mount Gerazim, the mount of blessing to the south
Avims - There were also Avims, or Hivites, at Shechem, or Gibeon, Joshua 11:19 ; for the inhabitants of Shechem were Hivites
Bethulia - Mithilyah from the similarity of the name, Sanur from its commanding position, and even Shechem , have all been suggested as possible sites
She'Chem - Its present name, Nablus , is a corruption of Neapolis, which succeeded the more ancient Shechem, and received its new name from Vespasian. " The allusions to Shechem in the Bible are numerous, and show how important the place was in Jewish history. Abraham, on his first migration to the land of promise, pitched his tent and built an altar under the oak (or terebinth) of Moreh at Shechem. See ( Genesis 12:6 ) At the time of Jacob's arrival here, after his sojourn in Mesopotamia, (Genesis 33:18 ; 34 ) Shechem was a Hivite city, of which Hamor, the father of Shechem, was the headman. In the distribution of the land after its conquest by the Hebrews, Shechem fell to the lot of Ephraim, ( Joshua 20:7 ) but was assigned to the Levites, and became a city of refuge. (Joshua 24:1,25 ) After the death of Gideon, Abimelech, his bastard son, induced the Shechemites to revolt from the Hebrew commonwealth and elect him as king. that all Israel assembled at Shechem, and Rehoboam, Solomon's successor, went thither to be inaugurated as king. here, at this same place, the ten tribes renounced the house of David, and transferred their allegiance to Jeroboam, (1 Kings 12:16 ) under whom Shechem became for a time the capital of his kingdom. From the time of the origin of the Samaritans, the history of Shechem blends itself with that of this people and of their sacred mount, Gerizim. [1] Shechem reappears in the New Testament. ...
The son of Hamor, the chieftain of the Hivite settlement of Shechem at the time of Jacob's arrival
Adonibezek - Lord of Bezek, a Canaanite tyrant of Bezek, east of Shechem
Shalem - The Revised Version translates this word, and reads, "Jacob came in peace to the city of Shechem," thus not regarding it as a proper name at all
Bezek - Where Saul numbered the national forces before relieving Jabesh Gilead from Ammon (1 Samuel 11:8); somewhere near the Jordan valley, within marching distance from Jabesh, 17 miles from Shechem, on the road to Bethshan
Baal-Berith - Covenant lord, the name of the god worshipped in Shechem after the death of Gideon (Judges 8:33 ; 9:4 )
Pirathon, Pirathonite - The site is identified with Far'ata about five miles southwest of Shechem
Baal-Shalishah - Baal-shalishah may be modern Kefr Thilth, twenty miles southwest of Shechem
Bezek - of Shechem, opposite Jabesh
Hivites - The inhabitants of Shechem, and the Gibeonites, were Hivites, Joshua 11:19 ; Genesis 34:2
Millo - The name of a family or of a fortress at Shechem; in the latter case, the "house of Millo" would mean the garrison of that fortress, Judges 9:6
Eleloheisrael - The name given by Jacob to the altar he erected near Shechem
Jotham - When "the citizens of Shechem and the whole house of Millo" were gathered together "by the plain of the pillar" (i. , the stone set up by Joshua, 24:26; Compare Genesis 35:4 ) "that was in Shechem, to make Abimelech king," from one of the heights of Mount Gerizim he protested against their doing so in the earliest parable, that of the bramble-king. There came a recoil in the feelings of the people toward Abimelech, and then a terrible revenge, in which many were slain and the city of Shechem was destroyed by Abimelech (Judges 9:45 )
Rehoboam - After the death of Solomon, Rehoboam came to Shechem, because all Israel was there assembled to make him king, 1 Kings 12. Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who had headed a sedition against Solomon, and had been compelled, toward the close of his reign, to take refuge in Egypt, as soon as he heard that this prince was dead, returned into Judea, and came to the assembly of the people of Shechem
Rumah - 2) reads Abouma , no doubt a scribal error for Arouma , which may be the Arumah of Judges 9:41 near Shechem
Zebul - see), who was left by him as governor of Shechem
Bezek - Probably the modern Ibzik, 13 miles north-east of Shechem
Towers - Of Babel (Genesis 11:4 ), Edar (Genesis 35:21 ), Penuel (Judges 8:9,17 ), Shechem (9:46), David (Song of Solomon 4:4 ), Lebanon (7:4), Syene (Ezekiel 29:10 ), Hananeel (Zechariah 14:10 ), Siloam (Luke 13:4 )
Moreh - It was near Shechem, Genesis 12:1-20; Genesis 6:1-22, and the mountains Ebal and Gerizim
Sychar - formerly supposed to be another name for Shechem
el-Elohe-Israel - Upon the ‘parcel of ground’ which he had bought at Shechem, Jacob built an altar and called it El-elohe-Israel , ‘El, the god of Israel,’ Genesis 33:20 (E do'Than - (two wells ), a place first mentioned ( Genesis 37:17 ) in connection with the history of Joseph, and apparently as in the neighborhood of Shechem
Jeshanah - of Beitin, near the main route between Jerusalem and Shechem, and its relation to the other towns of the triangle, Ephron (Taiyibeh) and Bethel (Beitin), made its acquisition of consequence to Abijah as commanding the high road to his capital
Abimelech - Abimelech seized power after his father's death by murdering his brothers and having himself named king by his relatives at Shechem. God provoked Shechem against Abimelech, who defeated an army under Gaal and then recaptured Shechem
Hamor - manuscript, Septuagint, a Horite; prince of Shechem and the adjoining district, probably named from his son. ...
Stephen with elliptical brevity sums up from six chaps, of Old Testament in one sentence the double purchase (by Abraham from Ephron the Hittite, Genesis 23; and by Jacob from the children of Hamor), the double burial place (Abraham's cave of Machpelah and Jacob's ground near Shechem), and the double burial (of Jacob in the cave of Machpelah, and of Joseph in the ground at Shechem), just because the details were familiar to both himself and the Jewish council; not, as rationalism objects, because he was ignorant of or forgot the historical facts so notorious from the Old Testament. In Judges 9:28 Hamor's name is made to Shechemites the signal of revolt from Israelite rule. The cruel retaliation by Simeon and Levi of Shechem's wrong to Dinah (Genesis 34) left a lasting soreness in the minds of the Hivite remnant, who even without such ancient grudge would be ready enough to cast off Israel's yoke and revert to their original government by Hivite sheikhs
Ephraim, Mount - Scripture specifies that the following cities were located in the hill country of Ephraim: Bethel (Judges 4:5 ); Gibeah (Joshua 24:33 ); Ramah (Judges 4:5 ); Shamir (Judges 10:1 ); Shechem (Joshua 20:7 ); Timnath-heres or -serah (Joshua 19:50 ; Judges 2:9 )
Pirathon - of Shechem (Nablus), now Fer'ata; or Fer'aun (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement)
Dinah - The history of her visiting the daughters of the heathen inhabitants of the land, of her defilement by Shechem, and of the treacherous and bloody revenge taken by her brothers Simeon and Levi, are recorded in Genesis 34:1-31
Jotham - Afterwards, when Abimelech had been hailed as king at Shechem, Jotham addressed a fable to the people of Shechem designed to mock the idea of Abimelech acting as a king
Timnath-Heres - The site is identified with khirbet Tibneh about seventeen miles southwest of Shechem
Dinah - ’...
In Genesis 34:1-31 we have a composite narrative of the seizure of Dinah by the Hivite prince, Shechem, the son of Hamor. Shechem took Dinah to his house and cohabited with her, and her father and brothers resented the defilement. Shechem, acting on his own behalf, proposed marriage, promising to accept any conditions of dower her father and brothers might impose. The marriage took place, and afterwards her full brothers, Simeon and Levi, slew Shechem and took Dinah out of his house. He not only offered generously to make honourable amends for Shechem’s misconduct, but also proposed a mutual covenant of general intercourse, including the connubium . The weak Israelite clan, having become detached from the related tribes, was overpowered by the Canaanite inhabitants of Shechem and incorporated. They were momentarily successful, and inflicted a severe blow upon the Shechemites; but their temerity cost them their tribal existence
Moreh -
A Canaanite probably who inhabited the district south of Shechem, between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim, and gave his name to the "plain" there (Genesis 12:6 )
Salim - Its site is disputed: northeast of Dead Sea near Bethabara; west bank of northern Jordan valley eight miles south of Scythopolis; in Samaria four miles south southeast of Shechem
Ophrah - It is six miles west of Shechem
Abimelech - ...
Abimelech (son of Gideon): Son of Gideon, native of Shechem. After his father's death in 1027 BCE, he convinced the Shechemites to appoint him as his father's successor, and killed all but one of his 70 brothers to eliminate competition
Shechem - Shechem (shç'kem), shoulder. Neapolis, and now Nablus, were successively on or near the site of Shechem. whether Sychar occupied precisely the same site as ancient Shechem has been a question in dispute among scholars
Abimelech - Son of Gideon by a Shechemite concubine. He induced the men of Shechem to choose him as ruler and then slew 70 of his brethren. This was fulfilled by many of the men of Shechem being killed, and Abimelech being mortally wounded by a piece of a millstone cast upon him by a woman at the attack upon Thebez
Ramath-Mizpeh - It has been identified with the modern es-Salt, where the roads from Jericho and from Shechem to Damascus unite, about 25 miles east of the Jordan and 13 south of the Jabbok
Perizzites - They lived mainly in the hills of central Palestine and are found in Bible narratives concerning Bethel, Shechem and the tribal territory of Ephraim (Genesis 13:2-7; Genesis 34:26-30; Joshua 17:15)
Dinah - While the family were sojourning near Shalem, she heedlessly associated with the Canaanitish maidens, and fell a victim to the seductive arts of Shechem, a young prince of the land; but was perfidiously and savagely avenged by Simeon and Levi, her full brothers, to the great grief of Jacob their father, Genesis 34:1-31 49:5,7
el-Elohe-Israel - Jacob so called the altar he built on the spot before Shechem, already consecrated by Abram (Genesis 12:7; Genesis 33:19-20)
Bezek - Bezek was located at khirbet Ibziq, twelve miles northeast of Shechem and thirteen miles from Jabesh-Gilead, six miles north of Tirzah, though the Judges' site may be a distinctive city
ja'Cob's Well, - a deep spring in the vicinity of Shechem (called Sychar in Christ's time and Nablus at the present day)
Aenon - of Nabulus, or Shechem, with two copious springs: compare Genesis 33:18. ...
There is an Ainun still near Shechem or Nabloos, with many beautiful streams and brooks
Shamir - Located possibly at khirbet es-Sumara about seven miles south of Shechem
Jashub - This would be modern Jasuf, eight miles south of Shechem
Japhia - In the Amarna Letters, the Egyptian pharaoh required the town to supply forced laborers after Labayu of Shechem destroyed Shunem
Joseph - Buried in Joseph’s Tomb in Shechem
Samaritans - They then built another at Shechem. Of these Samaritans there still remains a small population of about one hundred and sixty, who all reside in Shechem, where they carefully observe the religious customs of their fathers
Ambush - The people of Shechem waited in hiding to attack and rob people who crossed the mountain (Judges 9:25 ; compare Hosea 6:9 ). Abimelech used ambush to defeat Shechem (Judges 9:43-45 )
Ebal - a celebrated mountain in the tribe of Ephraim, near Shechem, over against Mount Gerizim. These two mountains are within two hundred paces of each other, and separated by a deep valley, in which stood the town of Shechem. The two mountains are much alike in magnitude and form, being of a semicircular figure, about half a league in length, and, on the sides nearest Shechem, nearly perpendicular. Moses commanded the Israelites, as soon as they should have passed the river Jordan, to go directly to Shechem, and divide the whole multitude into two bodies, each composed of six tribes; one company to be placed on Ebal, and the other on Gerizim
Tappuah - The site is perhaps Sheikh Abu Zarod about eight miles southwest of Shechem
Millo - 'House of Millo,' in connection with Shechem, apparently a family or clan
Lord - "The men of Shechem," literally "the baals of Shechem" ( Judges 9:2,3 )
Gerizim - A mountain in Ephraim, between which and Ebal lay the city of Shechem, Judges 9:7 . See VIEW IN Shechem
Shechem - Shechem . A Manassite clan, Numbers 26:31 (35), (the Shechemites), Joshua 17:2 , 1 Chronicles 7:19 . ...
Shechem . This is no doubt the reason why Shechem was a Levitical city, and also a city of refuge ( Joshua 20:7 ). The city, however, remained Canaanite after the conquest, serving the local god Baal-herith ( Judges 9:4 ): Gideon’s concubine, mother of Abimelech, was a Canaanitess from Shechem, and her relatives set up her son as a king, to his and their own destruction ( Judges 9:1-57 )
Ophrah - " A city of Manasseh, 6 miles south-west of Shechem, the residence of Gideon (Judges 6:11 ; 8:27,32 )
Neapolis - Equates to Shechem in Old Testament, Sychar in New Testament Now Nablus, corrupted from Neapolis
Meonenim, Oak of - A place mentioned only in Judges 9:37 as being near Shechem
Ebal - In the valley lay ancient Shechem, now Nablus
Hivites - They lived mainly in the mountain country of northern Palestine and Lebanon (Joshua 11:3; Judges 3:3; 2 Samuel 24:6-7), though some lived in Shechem and others as far south as Gibeon (Genesis 34:2; Joshua 9:3; Joshua 9:7; Joshua 11:19)
Gerizim - A mountain which with Ebal encloses the valley in which is built the town of Nâblus (Shechem). Here Jotham spoke his parable to the elders of Shechem ( Judges 9:7 )
Abim'Elech - ) ...
Son of the judge Gideon by his Shechemite concubine. ) After his father's death he murdered all his brethren, 70 in number, with the exception of Jotham, the youngest, who concealed himself; and he then persuaded the Shechemites to elect him king. Shechem now became an independent state. After Abimelech had reigned three years, the citizens of Shechem rebelled
Zalmon - The hill near Shechem where Abimelech and his followers cut wood for the burning down of the stronghold of Baal-berith ( Judges 9:48 )
Tiphsah - Conder, however, identifies this place with Khurbet Tafsah, some 6 miles west of Shechem
Millo - A place near Shechem (the name of which would be better rendered Beth-millo , without translating the first element Folly - Shechem wrought folly in Israel
Oph'Rah - (Judges 6:15 ) and not far distant from Shechem, (Judges 9:1,5 ) ...
The son of Meonothai
Dinah - After his return from Mesopotamia he pitched his tent in Shechem, and bought a field of Ham or, Shechem's father. Dinah, then at maturity between 13 and 15 years old, through her parents' remissness and her own love of sight seeing (she "went out to see the daughters of the land"), instead of being a "keeper at home" as young women ought to be (Titus 2:2), gave occasion to Shechem to "see" (contrast Job 31:1), and lust after, and defile her. Shechem offered the usual reparation, marriage, and a payment to her father. But Simeon and Levi, her own brothers, eager for revenge, required the Circumcision of the Shechemites as a condition of union, a rite already known in Egypt as an act of priestly consecration; and when the feverish pain of the operation was at its height, on the third day, the two brothers, with their retainers, took cowardly advantage of their state, attacked, and killed all the males in the city. "...
God made this tragedy the occasion of reviving Jacob's earnestness, which had declined into worldliness for a time through his settlement near Shechem (Genesis 33:17-20); reminding him of his vow to make an altar at Bethel to God, who had appeared to him there in the day of his distress when fleeing from Esau
Ebal -
A mountain 3,076 feet above the level of the sea, and 1,200 feet above the level of the valley, on the north side of which stood the city of Shechem (q
Hivites - Jacob, on his return to Palestine, found Shechem occupied by the Hivites
Succoth - Succoth lay between Peniel, near the ford of the torrent Jabbok and Shechem
Tirzah - of Nâblus (Shechem) and 12 m
Shunem, Shunammites - , again by Labayu of Shechem about 1350 B
Hivites - On Jacob's return to Canaan, Shechem was in possession of the Hivites, Hamor the Hivite being the "prince of the land
Ger'Izim - (cutters ), a limestone mountain, 2855 feet high (800 feet above the valley at its foot), in Ephraim, near Shechem (Sychar), from which the blessings were read to the Israelites on entering Canaan
Cities of Refuge, - (1 Chronicles 6:76 ) ...
SHECHEM , in Mount Ephraim
Abimelech - His mother belonged to one of the leading Canaanite families in Shechem, although Judges 9:50-5423 calls her a concubine, and Jotham ( Judges 9:18 ) brands her as a maidservant. On Gideon’s decease, Abimelech, backed by his maternal relatives, gathered a band of mercenaries, murdered his seventy half-brothers ‘on one stone,’ and was accepted as king by the mixed Canaanite and Israelite population of Shechem and the neighbourhood
Tower - ...
TOWER OF Shechem was a citadel, or fortress, standing upon a higher ground than the rest of the city, and capacious enough to contain above a thousand persons. This tower, filled with the inhabitants of Shechem, was burned by Abimelech down to the very ground, together with those who had taken refuge in it
Abimelech - A son of Gideon, by his concubine, who, after the death of his father, persuaded the men of Shechem to make him king. Three years afterwards the men of Shechem rose against Abimelech; he defeated them and destroyed their city, and sowed it with salt While attacking Thebez, he was mortally wounded by a piece of a millstone thrown upon his head by a woman from the top of the tower
Hivites - Hivites are found in Gibeon (Joshua 9:7 ; Joshua 11:19 ), Shechem (Genesis 34:2 ), below Hermon in the land of Mizpah (Joshua 11:3 ), and in the Lebanon mountains (Judges 3:3 )
Rehoboam - While at Shechem for his crowning ceremony as king over Israel (1 Kings 12:1 ), the people asked Rehoboam if he would remove some of the tax burden and labor laws which his father had placed on them
Ophrah - Suggested sites include et-Taiyibeh south of modern Tulkarm, et-Taiyibeh (Afula) on the Plain of Esdraelon west of Mount Moreh, and Fer'ata west of Mount Gerazim near Shechem
Timnath-Serah - " The modern Kefr Haris, 10 miles south-west of Shechem
Tim'Nath-se'Rah - Accordingly, they identify the place with Kefar-cheres , which is said by Jewish travellers to be about five miles south of Shechem ( Nablus )
Robbery - The "liers in wait" of the men of Shechem are instances also, "robbing all that came along that way" (Judges 9:25)
Simeon - He joined Levi in avenging Dinah's rape by Shechem (Genesis 34:25-31 )
Jacob's Well - In the valley of Shechem, near to a city called Sychar, was the well where the Lord rested, and conversed with the woman of Samaria
Levi - Very little is recorded of Levi: he joined with Simeon in the treacherous and vindictive dealings with Shechem
e'Bal, Mount, - (11:26-29) Ebal and Gerizim are the mounts which form the sides of the fertile valley in which lies Nablus , the ancient Shechem-Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south
Jotham - He boldly declared the parable 'The Reign of the Bramble' in the hearing of the men of Shechem
Sama'Ria - This city is situated 30 miles north of Jerusalem and about six miles to the northwest of Shechem, in a wide basin-shaped valley, six miles in diameter, encircled with high hills, almost on the edge of the great plain which borders upon the Mediterranean. In the centre of this basin, which is on a lower level than the valley of Shechem, rises a less elevated hill, with steep yet accessible sides and a long fiat top. Alexander the Great took the city, killed a large portion of the inhabitants, and suffered the remainder to set it at Shechem
Jokmeam - It may be located at tell es-Simadi or Qusen west of Shechem
Baal (2) - " Also "the men (baliy , occupants) of Shechem," the ancient city of the Hivite Hamor (Judges 9:2-51); the occupants of Keilah, bordering on pagandom (1 Samuel 23:11-12); Uriah the Hittite; "lords of the pagan" (Isaiah 16:8)
Robbery - Practised by the Ishmaelites (Genesis 16:12 ), the Chaldeans and Sabeans (Job 1:15,17 ), and the men of Shechem (Judges 9:25
Tirzah - Archaeological discoveries, coupled with biblical references, suggest that Tirzah is to be identified with modern tell el-Fara, a tell of extraordinary size about seven miles northeast of Shechem
Dothan - ) At it Joseph was put into a well pit (from whence it derived its name) become dry, and afterward sold to Ishmaelite merchants who traveled that route between Syria and Egypt (Genesis 37:17); near Shechem
Hivites - Their abode was about Hermon and Lebanon (Joshua 11:3, "under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh"; Judges 3:3, "from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath"); toward Tyre (2 Samuel 24:7), and Sichem or Shechem (Genesis 34:11), and Gibeon (Joshua 9:1; Joshua 9:7). The Shechemite idol Baalberith, "Baal of the covenant," was a god of peace not war
Ebal - Now Jebel esh-Shemali , a mountain north of Nablus (Shechem), 1207 ft
Mori'ah - ( Genesis 22:2 ) Its position is doubtful, some thinking it to be Mount MOriah, others that Moreh , near Shechem, is meant
mo'Reh - (Genesis 12:6 ) It was at the "place of Shechem," ch
Fable - Of the fable, as distinguished from the parable [1], we have but two examples in the Bible: ...
That of the trees choosing their king, addressed by Jotham to the men of Shechem, (Judges 9:8-15 ) ...
That of the cedar of Lebanon and the thistle, as the answer of Jehoash to the challenge of Amaziah
Sychar - distinguishes Sychar from Shechem , but in Ep. of Shechem in this agreeing with other ancient authorities
Shechem - ...
Shechem was called Neapolis by the Romans, of which its present name, Nablus, is supposed to be a corruption. Son of Hamor the chief of the city of Shechem — from whom the city appears to have derived its name — killed with his father and household by Simeon and Levi because he had dishonoured their sister Dinah
Sechem - SICHEM, SYCHEM, or Shechem, called also Sychar in the New Testament afterward Neapolis, and in the present day Nablous, Naplous, Napolose, and Naplosa, (for it is thus variously written,) a city of Samaria, near the parcel of ground which Jacob bought of Hamor, the father of Shechem, and gave to his son Joseph
Gerizim - Shechem, which lay between Mt. It was near Shechem that Jacob purchased the parcel of land from the children of Hamor, on which he erected an altar, and sank a well for his family and flocks. And it was at Shechem that Joshua gathered together the people for the renewal of the covenant, ‘and took a great stone and set it up there under an oak that was by the sanctuary of the Lord’ (Joshua 24:1; Joshua 24:28). It was at Shechem also that all Israel gathered to make Rehoboam king (1 Kings 12:1), and this was the original capital of the Northern Kingdom. ‘Gerizim’ and ‘Shechem’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible; Commentaries
Abdon (1) - of Shechem or Nablous (Bibl
Gerizim - a mount near Shechem, in Ephraim, a province of Samaria. Shechem lay at the foot of two mountains, Ebal and Gerizim
Abimelech - A son of Gideon by a concubine, made himself king of Shechem after his father's death, and slew his father's seventy sons on one stone, only Jotham the youngest being left. Jotham reproached the Shechemites for their conduct, in his celebrated fable to the trees
Judah, Kingdom of - When the disruption took place at Shechem, at first only the tribe of Judah followed the house of David
Gideon - youngest son of Joash, whose family lived at Ophrah, Judges 6:15, in the territory of Manasseh, near Shechem
Gibeah - It is found in the narrow valley El-Jib, midway between Jerusalem and Shechem
Jotham - After Gideon’s death, another son, Abimelech, killed his brothers and, with the help of some worthless men from Shechem, established himself ‘king’. Jotham, who was the only one of Gideon’s sons to escape the massacre, told a parable to warn the Shechemites of the trouble they had brought upon themselves (Judges 9:1-21)
Jacob's Well - On a low slope of Mount Gerizim, at the opening of the valley of Shechem, from which it is one mile and a half distant eastward, with the grainfields of the plain of El Mukna in front. The distance from Shechem (Sychar) is no objection; for even if the Samaritan woman's coming to the well was not the result of a providential accident, the sacredness of Jacob's well and the excellence of its deep drawn water would account for her coming so far
Ebal - of Shechem full of fountains and trees. The distance which Joshua had to march from Ai to Shechem was 30 miles in a straight line. " These "terebinths of Moreh" near Shechem were familiar to the people, as marking the spot where Abraham first entered the land (Genesis 12:6). The significance of the cursing and blessing is much increased by its scene being placed at Shechem in the heart of the country, equidistant between N
Shiloh - One of the main routes from Egypt to northern Palestine was the road that passed along the top of the central hill country through the towns of Beersheba, Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethel, Shiloh and Shechem (Judges 21:19)
Millo - ” Probably a suburb of Shechem, the Beth Millo most likely was a Canaanite sanctuary
Israelites - ...
Shechem, Thirzah, and Samaria were in turn the seats of government
Shiloh - ...
Judges 21:19 described Shiloh's location as “on the north side of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goeth up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah. ” Twelve miles south of Shechem, Shiloh was in a fertile plain at 2,000 feet elevation
Suc'Coth - From the itinerary of Jacob's return it seems that Succoth lay between Peniel, near the ford of the torrent Jabbok and Shechem
Dothan - Dothan Isaiah 5 miles southwest of Genin, 11 miles northeast of Samaria, and 13 miles north of Shechem
Well - —The one well mentioned in the Gospels is that of Jacob, near ancient Shechem, under the northern cliffs of Gerizim
Ephraim - It extended from the Mediterranean across to the Jordan, north of the portions of Dan and Benjamin and included Shiloh, Shechem, etc
Rehobo'am - (1 Kings 11:43 ) Rehoboam selected Shechem as the place of his coronation (B
Rehoboam - The burden of taxation to which they had been subjected during Solomon's reign was very oppressive, and therefore the people assembled at Shechem and demanded from the king an alleviation of their burdens. He went to meet them at Shechem, and heard their demands for relief (1 Kings 12:4 )
Grove - The Hebrew word translated "plain" (elon ) signifies a grove or plantation; that of Mamre (Genesis 13:18), of Moreh (Genesis 12:6), of Zaanaim (Judges 4:11), of the pillar in Shechem (Judges 9:6), of Meonenim (Judges 9:37), of Tabor (1 Samuel 10:3). Some trees are specially-noted: the tamarisk (eeshel ) under which Saul abode in Gibeah (1 Samuel 22:6); the terebinth in Shechem under which Joshua, after writing the law of God, set up (Joshua 24:26) a great stone as a witness; the palm tree of Deborah (Judges 4:5); the terebinth of enchantments (Judges 9:37 margin, (See MEONENIM); of wanderers (Judges 6:11, (See ZAANAIM)); 1 Samuel 14:2, "a pomegranate tree in Migron" (1 Samuel 10:3)
Israel, Kingdom of - Rehoboam fled to Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:1-18 ; 2 Chronicles 10 ), and Jeroboam was proclaimed king over all Israel at Shechem, Judah and Benjamin remaining faithful to Solomon's son. Shechem was the first capital of this kingdom (1 Kings 12:25 ), afterwards Tirza (14:17)
Abimelech - He was one of Gideon’s seventy sons, and his mother was a Shechemite. Upon Gideon’s death, Abimelech killed all his brothers (except one who escaped) and established himself ‘king’ in Shechem (Judges 9:1-6). When, after three years, the Shechemites plotted to assassinate him, Abimelech discovered the plot and slaughtered the plotters (Judges 9:22-41). He massacred the innocent citizens of Shechem, along with those of another town whom he thought might have been opposed to him
Salt - When Abimelech took the city of Shechem, he sowed the place with salt, that it might always remain a barren soil (Judges 9:45 )
Rape - Shechem raped Dinah by force (Genesis 34:1-2 )
Shiloh - A famous city of Ephraim, about ten miles south of Shechem, and twenty-four north of Jerusalem
Gilgal - This Gilgal apparently became Israel's military base of operations (Joshua 9:6 ; Joshua 10:6 ; Joshua 14:6 ), though some scholars would identify this with a Gilgal farther north near Shechem. The military camp is at times located at tell Jiljulieh east of Shechem but without archaeological support
Castle - A famous migdal crowned one area of Shechem or served as a military outpost for Shechem ( Judges 9:46-49 )
Joseph - 1637; and when the Israelites, a century and a half later, went up from Egypt, they took his bones, and at length buried them in Shechem, Exodus 13:19 Joshua 24:32 . It is a low stone enclosure, and stands in quiet seclusion among high trees, at the western entrance of the valley of Shechem, at the right of the traveller's path and nearer mount Ebal than mount Gerizim
Salem - This must be a Salem near Shechem, if this reading is to be followed
Bethel - It is twelve miles from Jerusalem towards Shechem, on the southern side of a hill, with a narrow and fertile valley on the east, and the long-traveled road on the west
Gerizim - It was on the left of the valley containing the ancient town of Shechem (q
Gilgal -
From the solemn transaction of the reading of the law in the valley of Shechem between Ebal and Gerizim the Israelites moved forward to Gilgal, and there made a permanent camp (Joshua 9:6 ; 10:6 )
Rehoboam - ...
Aware that the northern tribes were dissatisfied with the Jerusalem government, Rehoboam tried to hold their allegiance by going north to Shechem for his coronation ceremony (1 Kings 12:1)
Cities of Refuge - Shechem ("shoulder," upon Jesus' shoulder the government is, Isaiah 9:6), now Nablous
Oak - Under one Joshua set up a pillar at Shechem to commemorate the nation's covenant with God (Joshua 24:26)
Amarna, Tell el - Rulers of small Palestinian city-states including Shechem, Jerusalem, and Megiddo complain of mistreatment by other rulers and ask for Egyptian aid
Joshua - His last grand convocation of all Israel, at Shechem, and his solemn address to them and renewal of their covenant with God, form the worthy close of a life on which in the sacred records no blot rests
Jacob's Well - It is at the entrance to the valley between Ebal and Gerizim, about 2 miles south-east of Shechem
Ephraim - Its two principal towns were Shiloh and Shechem. At the division of the tribes Ephraim took the most prominent place; Shechem and Samaria being in their territory naturally contributed to this, and accounts for the ten tribes being constantly called 'Ephraim' by the prophets
Tree - 9:6 speaks of the “tree of the pillar” (KJV, “plain of the piilar”) in Shechem where the men of Shechem and Beth-millo made Abimelech king
Samaria - A city situated near the middle of Palestine, some six miles northwest of Shechem. It became the favorite residence of the kings of Israel, instead of Shechem and Thirzah the former capitals
Ephraim - Its two principal towns were Shiloh and Shechem. At the division of the tribes Ephraim took the most prominent place; Shechem and Samaria being in their territory naturally contributed to this, and accounts for the ten tribes being constantly called 'Ephraim' by the prophets
Rehoboam - In his reign Ephraim's gathering jealousy of a rival (Judges 8:1; Judges 12:1) came to a crisis, the steps to which were the severance of Israel under Ishbosheth (2 Samuel 2) from Judah under David; the removal of the political capital from Shechem, and the seat of national worship from Shiloh to Jerusalem; and finally Solomon's heavy taxation for great national and monarchical buildings, and Rehoboam's injudicious reply to the petition for lightening the burden. Rehoboam selected Shechem as his place of coronation, probably to conciliate Ephraim. But Ephraim's reason for desiring Shechem for the place of coronation was their intention to rebel; so they made Jeroboam the spokesman of their complaints
Sepulchre - ...
(2) Acts 7:16, ‘And they [2] were carried over unto Shechem, and laid in the tomb (ἐν τῷ μνήματι) that Abraham bought for a price in silver of the sons of Hamor in Shechem. According to Genesis 50:13, Jacob was buried in Hebron; and, according to Joshua 24:32, Joseph was buried in Shechem. 46) speculates about the bones of Joseph’s brethren, declaring that they were buried in Shechem. Shechem was more central than Hebron. This does not preclude the possibility of Jacob’s purchase of the field of Shechem from the sons of Hamor (Genesis 33:19, Joshua 24:32). from Shechem
Moriah - There is some similarity between the names Moriah and Moreh , the latter of which was at Shechem ( Genesis 12:6 , Deuteronomy 11:30 ), close to the hills Gerizim and Ebal
Samaria - The city, however, gradually decayed, fading before the growing importance of Neapolis (Shechem)
Witness - root is to repeat, re-assert, and we find the word used in the following connexions: (1) Witness meaning evidence , testimony , sign (of things): a heap of stones ( Genesis 31:44 ), the Song of Moses ( Deuteronomy 31:26 ), Job’s disease ( Job 16:8 ), the stone set up by Joshua at Shechem ( Joshua 24:27 )
Weaker One, Little One - All the able-bodied men of Shechem were killed ( Shiloh - SHILOH, a celebrated city of the tribe of Ephraim, twelve miles from Shechem, Joshua 18, 19, 21
Jacob's Well - or fountain, a well near Shechem, at which our Saviour conversed with the woman of Samaria, John 4:12 . Jacob dwelt near this place, before his sons slew the inhabitants of Shechem
Samaria - of Shechem. Shechem previously had been the capital, Tirzah the court residence in summer (1 Kings 15:21; 1 Kings 15:33; 1 Kings 16:1-18). John Hyrcanus destroyed the Gerizim temple, but they still directed their worship toward it; then they built one at Shechem. (See them in Eichhorn's Repertorium, 13) At Nablus (Shechem, or Sychar) the Samaritans have a settlement of 200 persons still, observing the law, and celebrating the Passover on Gerizim
Oak - ...
...
'Elah, Genesis 35:4 , "under the oak which was by Shechem" (RSV marg
Rehoboam, - For this reason Rehoboam went to Shechem to be crowned
Jeroboam - Upon Solomon's death, Jeroboam learned that the tribes would assemble at Shechem to make Solomon's son Rehoboam their king
Omri - But having proved its inability to resist a siege, he bought for two silver talents from Shemer the hill Shomron or Samaria, six miles from the old capital, Shechem, and distinguished for strength, beauty, and fertility
Jacob - He escaped from the angry pursuit of Laban, from a meeting with Esau, and from the vengeance of the Canaanites provoked by the murder of Shechem; and in each of these three emergencies he was aided and strengthened by the interposition of God, and in sign of the grace won by a night of wrestling with God his name was changed at Jabbok into Israel
Jeroboam - It is not clearly made out whether his fortification of Shechem and Penuei was suggested by the experiences of this campaign or not
Jotham - above the valley of Shechem on the S. side of the city, uttered against him and the Shechemites the parable or fable (the oldest extant) of the bramble and the trees
Samaritans - When any Israelite deserved punishment on account of the violation of some important point of the law, he presently took refuge in Samaria or Shechem, and embraced the worship at the temple of Gerizim. They were chiefly found at Gaza, Neapolis or Shechem, (the ancient Sichem or Naplouse,) Damascus, Cairo, &c. In the second answer, which is in the name of the high priest Eleazar, and the synagogue of Shechem, they declare, that they keep the Sabbath in all the rigour with which it is enjoined in the book of Exodus; none among them stirring out of doors, but to the synagogue
Beriah - The bloody attack of Simeon and Levi on Shechem (Genesis 34:25-29), and Pharaoh's fear lest in war the Israelites should join Egypt's foes and so get up out of the land (Exodus 1), show the possibility of their having been the aggressors, but as "come down" is more applicable to coming into than going from Egypt, probably the men of Gath were the aggressors
Simeon - He and the next son, Levi, were the cause of the ruthless massacre of the men of Shechem, an incident that Jacob deeply regretted (Genesis 34:25; Genesis 34:30)
Stephen - " See Shechem
ja'Cob - He escaped from the angry pursuit of Laban, from a meeting with Esau, and from the vengeance of the Canaanites provoked by the murder of Shechem; and in each of these three emergencies he was aided and strengthened by the interposition of God, and in sign of the grace won by a night of wrestling with God his name was changed at Jabbok into Israel
Gid'Eon - (he that cuts down ), youngest son of Joash of the Abiezrites, an undistinguished family who lived at Ophrah, a town probably on the west of Jordan, ( Judges 6:15 ) in the territory of Manasseh, near Shechem
Jeroboam - Israel, having the right of making king whomsoever God chose (2 Samuel 2:4; 2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Chronicles 29:22), assembled to Shechem (Nablus now) for that purpose, the ancient place of national assembly in Ephraim (Joshua 24:1), and more suited than Jerusalem to their design of transferring the government to Jeroboam. " His first care was to fortify (so "build" means, for the two cities existed long before) Shechem his first residence (Tirzah was his subsequent abode, 1 Kings 14:17). (It was to Shechem Rehoboam had hastened to meet Israel, to secure Ephraim's allegiance, as he knew he was sure of Judah's allegiance; Shechem had been burnt down by Abimelech). of Shechem: Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, Jan. (See Shechem
Jeroboam - Jeroboam married Ano, the elder sister of the Egyptian queen Tahpenes, and returned to Shechem, where took place the conference with Rehoboam, and the final revolt which ended in the elevation of Jeroboam to the throne of the northern kingdom
Sim'Eon - Besides the massacre of Shechem, (Genesis 34:25 ) the only personal incident related of Simeon is the fact of his being selected by Joseph as the hostage for the appearance of Benjamin
Kohathites - One of the latter ten was Shechem, a city of refuge
Tower - (Exodus 14:2) The tower of Shechem, (Judges 9:46) and the like
Simeon - Except the attack that he, with Levi, made on Shechem, and his being kept by Josephas a hostage, nothing personally is recorded of Simeon
Jerobo'am - After a year's longer stay in Egypt, during which Jeroboam married Ano, the elder sister of the Egyptian queen Tahpenes, he returned to Shechem, where took place the conference with Rehoboam [1], and the final revolt which ended in the elevation of Jeroboam to the throne of the northern kingdom
Ephraim, the Tribe of - It occupied the central and fairest portions of the land, and had Shiloh and Shechem within its borders
Joshua - He led in the covenant renewal at mount Ebal and Shechem (Joshua 8:30-35 ; Joshua 24:1-28 )
City - There were six cities of refuge, three on each side of Jordan, namely, Kadesh, Shechem, Hebron, on the west of Jordan; and on the east, Bezer, Ramoth-gilead, and Golan
Succoth - of Jordan and Shechem on the W
Judah, Kingdom of - --When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, B
Ephraim (1) - ) of Shechem (Nablus), the latter being in Ephraim. of Shechem) Ephraim's boundary ran S. In it were Shechem, Jacob's original settlement, "his parcel of ground" and well; Ebal and Gerizim, the mounts of cursing and blessing; and Shiloh, the seat of the sanctuary until the time of Eli
Jacob - ...
From Succoth, Jacob traveled to Shechem, where he built an altar to God. Jacob's sons demanded that the Shechemites be circumcised before any intermarriages were permitted. While the men of Shechem were recovering from surgery and unable to defend themselves, Simeon and Levi killed them to avenge their sister. Jacob condemned their actions, but had to leave Shechem. ...
From Shechem, he returned to Bethel
Samaria - of Shechem. of Shechem, commanding a splendid view (as its name Shômrôn, i. He avenged the cruel death of Andromachus, his governor in CCEle-Syria, by killing many of the inhabitants of Samaria, deporting others to Shechem, and substituting Macedonian colonists, who continued to occupy the city till the time of John Hyrcanus. 6), was re-created as a Roman colony under Septimius Severus; but when the need for a fortified ‘Watchtower’ was past, the tide of prosperity returned to the ancient town of Shechem (re-named Neapolis, now Nâblus), and Samaria fell into decay
Asher - ) Eusebius places it on the road from Shechem to Bethshean or Scythepills
Fable - ...
Two fables occur in Scripture: (1) Jotham's sarcastic fable to the men of Shechem, the trees choosing their king (Judges 9:8-15)
Canaanites - The Genesis 13:7 , they dwelt with the Canaanites, between Bethel and Ai; and according to Genesis 34:30 , in the vicinity of Shechem
Samaria, Samaritans - Shechem had been the capital of the Northern Kingdom until Jeroboam relocated it at Tirzah. ...
A small Samaritan community continues to this day to follow the traditional worship near Shechem
Ephraim - Canaanites remained in the territory until a late date, as is seen from Judges 1:29 and the history of Shechem (ch. Shechem, Tirzah, and Samaria, the capitals of the North, were within its boundaries; and it was at Shiloh that Joshua is said to have divided the land by lot
Joseph - ...
Jacob desiring to hear tidings of his sons, who had gone to Shechem with their flocks, some 60 miles from Hebron, sent Joseph as his messenger to make inquiry regarding them. Joseph found that they had left Shechem for Dothan, whither he followed them. Their descendants, long after, when the Exodus came, carried the body about with them during their forty years' wanderings, and at length buried it in Shechem, in the parcel of ground which Jacob bought from the sons of Hamor (Joshua 24:32 ; Compare Genesis 33:19 )
Hebron - The third resting place of Abram; Shechem was the first, Bethel the second
Aenon - If we are to find Salim in Samaria at all, does not the mention of it as a well-known place suggest the well-known Salim 4 miles east of Shechem? And would it not be gratuitous for the Evangelist to say of a place so near the Jordan that there was much water there? But, in spite of these objections, Sanday (Sacred Sites of the Gospels, p. 91–93) place aenon at ‘Ainun on a hill near the head of the great Fârʿah valley, the open highway from the Damieh ford of the Jordan to Shechem
Shemaiah - ]'>[2] account, however, he appears at the beginning, at the assembly in Shechem ( 1 Kings 12:24 )
Succoth - 11), Succoth was on the route between Penuel and Shechem, which would pass most naturally over the ford ed-Dâmiyeh (a little S
Confidence - To put one's ultimate trust or confidence either in human ability and power or in false gods and the things of this world is to discover with the men of Shechem the ultimate weakness of the mundane world (Judges 9:26 )
Gibeah - Some try to locate this on a hill near Shechem or Bethel
Earthquake - The major quake centers in Palestine are Upper Galilee—near the biblical town of Shechem (Nablus)—and near Lydda on the western edge of the Judean mountains
Gedaliah - "...
Even reverence for the temple, though in ruins, revived under him; and men from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria came with their offerings and badges of mourning for the destruction of the Lord's house and the holy city (Jeremiah 41:5)
Abraham - At different times he lived in Shechem, Bethel, Hebron, and Beer-sheba
Pillars - " In Judges 9:6 Abimelech is crowned "by the oak ('elown , not "plain") of the pillar (or memorial) at Shechem," in the same spot where Joshua held the last national assembly and renewed
Ear-Rings - They wore ear-rings beside; for the household of Jacob, at his request, when they were preparing to go up to Bethel, gave him all the ear- rings which were in their ears, and he hid them under the oak which was by Shechem
Refuge, Cities of - On the west were Kedesh of Naphtali, Shechem, and Hebron; on the east, Golan, Ramoth-Gilead, and Bezer, Joshua 20:7,8
Jeroboam - He rebuilt and fortified Shechem as the capital of his kingdom
Stephen - Again as to 1618455100_35 "Jacob and our fathers were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought of Emmor," Stephen with elliptical brevity refers to six different chapters, summing up in one sentence, which none of his hearers could misunderstand from their familiarity as to the details, the double purchase (from Ephron the Hittite by Abraham, and from Hamor of Shechem by Jacob: Genesis 23:16; Genesis 33:19), the double burial place (Machpelah's cave and the ground at Shechem), and the double burial (Jacob in Machpelah's cave: Genesis 50:13, and Joseph in the Shechem ground of Jacob, Genesis 50:25; Exodus 13:19; Joshua 24:32)
Jacob - ...
After a residence of uncertain length at Succoth, Jacob crossed the Jordan and advanced to Shechem , where he purchased a plot of ground which became afterwards of special interest. According to the one, the transaction was personal, and involved a fulfilment by Shechem of a certain unspecified condition; according to the other, the entire clan was involved on either side, and the story is that of the danger of the absorption of Israel by the local Canaanites and its avoidance through the interposition of Simeon and Levi. But most of the difficulties disappear on the assumption that Shechem’s marriage was, as was natural, expedited, a delight to himself and generally approved amongst his kindred ( Genesis 34:19 ). There would be time to persuade the Shechemites to consent to be circumcised, and to arrange for the treacherous reprisai. ...
The state of feeling aroused by the vengeance executed on Shechem made it desirable for Jacob to continue his journey. The people through whom he passed were smitten with such a panic by the news of what had happened at Shechem as not to interfere with him. To Joseph himself was promised, as a token of special affection, the conquered districts of Shechem on the lower slopes of Gerizim ( Genesis 48:22 , John 4:5 )
Refuge - They are called Kedesh, Shechem, Kirjotharba, or Hebron. Shechem is the Hebrew for shoulder, or of one consent
Shechem - After the ruin of Samaria by Shalmaneser, Shechem became the capital of the Samaritans; and Josephus says it was so in the time of Alexander the Great. ...
The valley of Shechem extends several miles northwest between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim, and is about five hundred yards wide; so that in the pure and elastic air of Palestine the two mountains are within hailing distance of each other, one circumstance among thousands evincing the exact truthfulness of Bible narratives, Deuteronomy 27:11-14 Judges 9:7
Jacob - After a brief sojourn at Succoth, Jacob moved forward and pitched his tent near Shechem (q. See references to his vision at Bethel and his possession of land at Shechem in John 1:51 ; 4:5,12 ; also to the famine which was the occasion of his going down into Egypt in Acts 7:12 (See LUZ ; BETHEL
Shiloh - of the road to Shechem, about 9 miles N
Fable - (1) Jotham’s fable of the trees choosing their king illustrates the folly of the men of Shechem ( Judges 9:8 )
Shiloh (2) - side of the highway that goeth up from Bethel to Shechem (Nablus), and on the S
Whoring, To Go; Harlot, To Be - It is used for the first time in the text at the conclusion of the story of the rape of Dinah by Shechem, as her brothers excuse their revenge by asking: “Should he deal with our sister as with a harlot?” ( Patriarchs, the - ...
As Abram moved along the trading routes leading to Shechem, Bethel, and the Hebron area and mingled with the pagan Canaanites, God's promise that the childless Sarai would bear a son could only be accepted by faith. Although he lived successively at Shechem (Genesis 33:18-20 ), Bethel Genesis 35:6-7 ), and Hebron (Genesis 35:27 ), Jacob was basically a resident alien who did not have a capital city. Jacob declined and moved to Succoth, an ancient settlement in Transjordan where he stayed for a time before moving to more permanent quarters in Shechem (Genesis 33:18 )
Jacob - " Next Jacob came to Succoth, then crossed Jordan, and near Shechem bought his only possession in Canaan, the field whereon he tented, from the children of Hamer, Shechem's father, for 100 kesita, i. For "Shalem, a city of Shechem," translated with Samaritan Pentateuch, "Jacob came in peace to the city of Shechem," though there is still a Salim E. of Nablus (Shechem). Jacob understood it so, and called his household to put away their strange gods (namely, Rachel's stolen teraphim and the idols of Shechem, which was spoiled just before), their earrings (used as idolatrous phylacteries), and uncleanness; and then proceeded to perform what he had vowed so long ago, namely, to make the stone pillar God's house (Genesis 28:22). They made no attempt such as Jacob feared to avenge the slaughter of the Shechemites
Abraham - Sojourning for a time at Shechem, he built here, as was his custom, an alter to the Lord, who appeared to him, and promised that land to his seed
Samaria - In the heart of the mountains of Israel, a few miles north-west of Shechem, stands the "hill of Shomeron," a solitary mountain, a great "mamelon
Tabernacles, Feast of - In the time of the Judges it appears as a Canaanitish festival at Shechem (Judges 9:27) and as an Israelitish festival at Shiloh (Judges 21:19, 1 Samuel 1)
High Places - The three altars built by Abraham at Shechem, between Bethel and Ai, and at Mamre, were on heights
Gibeah - of Jerusalem on the Shechem (Nablus) road toward mount Ephraim
Abimelech - Son of Gideon by his Shechemite concubine (Judges 8:31). At Gideon's death he murdered his seventy brethren, excepting the youngest, Jotham, who hid himself, and by his mother's brethren influenced the Shechemites to make him king. Then Jotham addressed to the Shechemites the fable of the trees and the bramble (Judges 9), presaging a feud between Abimelech and Shechem which would mutually consume both
Ishmael - He followed up this crime by the cruel and treacherous murder of eighty men from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria, who were bringing gifts to the temple, only ten being spared
Baal, Master - 25:5), Baal-berith at Shechem ( Evil Spirits - The treachery of the men of Shechem is so explained ( Judges 9:23 ), though in this case the spirit may not be personal but merely a temper or purpose of ill-will
Prince - nâsî ’, ‘one lifted up,’ is applied to chiefs of tribes, princes of Ishmael ( Genesis 17:20 ), to Abraham ( Genesis 23:6 ), to Shechem ( Genesis 34:2 ), to Sheshbazzar ( Ezra 1:8 )
Samaritans - ...
It is well known that a small remnant of the Samaritans still exists at Nabulus, the ancient Shechem
Joseph the Son of Jacob - His descendants buried his bones at Shechem, in the tribal area of Ephraim (Joshua 24:32)
Manasseh - But the ‘clan’ names, Abiezer, Shechem, and the names of the cities appended show that they were on the West. It should be said that the names of the rest of the sons of Manasseh, Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, Hepher, Shemida, as well as the five daughters of Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Machir, are probably all place-names, as some of them certainly are, and not personal names
Samar'Itans - 130), and though Samaria (the city) had been again and again destroyed, still preserved their nationality still worshipped from Shechem and their impoverished settlements toward their sacred hill, still retained their peculiar religion, and could not coalesce with the Jews
Refuge - Those on this side Jordan were Kedesh of Naphtali, Hebron, and Shechem; those beyond Jordan were Bezer, Golan, and Ramoth-Gilead, Joshua 20:7-8
Jeroboam - ...
Jeroboam made his capital in Shechem, but later shifted it a few kilometres north to Tirzah (1 Kings 12:25; 2 Chronicles 13:2-20; cf
Samaria - Before him, the kings of Israel dwelt at Shechem or at Tirzah. The Cuthites that were sent by Esar-haddon to inhabit the country of Samaria did not think it worth their while to repair the ruined city: they dwelt at Shechem, which they made the capital city of their state
Tribes of Israel - , and Genesis 34:1-31 , which shows Joseph in possession of the region of Shechem, formerly occupied by Simeon and Levi
Slaughter - 26:25); of Jacob at Shechem ( Jacob's Well - ’ This parcel of ground (χωρίον) is evidently the plot referred to in Genesis 33:18-19 as lying ‘before’ (or ‘to the east of’) Shechem, which Jacob purchased from the native Shechemites for 100 kesîtahs
Joshua - Having accomplished that arduous enterprise, and settled the chosen tribes in the peaceable possession of their inheritance, he retired to Shechem, or, according to some Greek copies, to Shiloh; where he assembled the elders of Israel, the heads of families, the judges and other officers; and, presenting themselves before God, he recapitulated the conduct of Divine Providence toward them, from the days of Abraham to that moment; recounted the miraculous and gracious dispensations of God toward their fathers and themselves; reminded them of their present enviable lot, and concluded his solemn address with an exhortation in these emphatic words: "Now, therefore, fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity and truth; and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the Lord," Joshua 24
Joshua the Son of Nun - Victory followed, whereupon Joshua led the Israelites to Shechem, where they renewed their promise of obedience to God and his covenant demands (Joshua 8:30-35)
Judges (1) - 9), though certainly belonging to the Gideon chapters (6 8) stands on a somewhat different basis, inasmuch as Abimelech is not reckoned among the judges (see following section): Abimelech is made king of Shechem (Judges 9:1-6 ); Jotham his brother, delivers his parable from Mt Genzim, and then flees (( Judges 6:7-9 ); the quarrel between Abimelech and the Shechemites ( Judges 9:22-25 ); Gaal raises a revolt among the Shechemites ( Judges 9:26-33 ); Abimelech quells the revolt ( Judges 9:34-41 ); Shechem is captured and destroyed ( Judges 9:42-45 ); its tower burned ( Judges 9:46-49 ); Abimelech’s attack Thehez, and his death ( Judges 9:50-57 ). 9, the story of Abimelech, is one of the oldest portions of the book, and contains for the most part genuine history; it gives an instructive glimpse of the relations between Canaanites and Israelites now brought side by side; ‘the Canaanite town Shechem, subject to Jerubbaal of Ophrah; his balf-Canaanite son Abimelech, who naturally belongs to his mother’s people; the successful appeal to blood, which is “thicker than water,” by which he becomes king of Shechem, ruling over the neighbouring Israelites also; the interloper Gaal, and his kinsmen, who settle in Shechem and Instigate insurrection against Abimelech by skilfully appealing to the pride of the Shechemite aristocracy all help us better than anything else in the book to realize the situation in this period’ (Moore)
Land (of Israel) - " When he arrived in Shechem, the Lord appeared to him and said, "To your offspring I will give this land" (Genesis 12:7 ). ...
Three cities of refuge—Kedesh in Galilee, Shechem, and Kirjath Arba (Hebron)were located "in the land" (Deuteronomy 19:1-3 ), but provision was made for three more, two of which were outside the land when the territory was enlarged (Joshua 20:1-9 )
Joseph - Joseph died in Egypt but was embalmed and later buried in Shechem (Genesis 50:26 ; Exodus 13:19 ; Joshua 24:32 )
Rachel - Not until Jacob reached Bethel did he bury the strange gods under the oak by Shechem
Israel, Kingdom of - --Shechem was the first capital of the new kingdom
Mourning - The following account of such a scene at Nablous, the ancient Shechem, is form Dr
Jordan - Ebal and drains the district east of Shechem; and the Wady el-Kelt , by Jericho, which is sometimes identified with the brook Cherith. This bridge is on the direct route from Shechem to Ramoth-gilead
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - The angel who intercedes (so β) for Israel brings him back to earth, and arms him, and bids him execute vengeance on Shechem (v. He and Simeon destroy the Shechemites; he had opposed (so c) their being circumcised. He performed feats of strength, and slew Canaanite kings at Shechem and Hazor (ii. Charles finds an additional indication of date in the references to the overthrow of Shechem. Shechem itself fell to Hyrcanus about 132 b. , the ancient Shechem being intended as an equivalent for the later Samaritan people
Salt - By this aspect of the symbolism of salt it has been usual to explain the treatment meted out by Abimelech to the city of Shechem in the early narrative, Judges 9:45 : ‘He beat down the city and sowed it with salt
Simeon - We are not told in Judges of the settlement of Simeon, but it is implied in the Dinah story ( Genesis 34:1-31 ) that both he and Levi secured a temporary foothold about Shechem
Melchizedek - Gerizim and not far from Shechem; (2) with the Salim of John 3:23 in the Jordan Valley S
Levi - According to the story, Shechem , the son of Hamor , became enamoured of Dinah, the sister of Simeon and Levi, and seduced her. Simeon and Levi took advantage of the Shechemites’ disability and slew them. The love of the Shechemite for the daughter of Jacob points to some sort of an alliance in which the right of connubium was acknowledged, and the act of Simeon and Levi was, therefore, a barbarous repudiation of the rights of their native allies
Gilgal - Gilgal not far from Shechem, beside the plains of Moreh (Deuteronomy 11:30)
Bezer - And who is holy but Jesus? Shechem, the shoulder
Bride - These customs appear to have been derived from a very remote antiquity; for when Eliezer of Damascus went to Mesopotamia to take a wife from thence unto his master's son, he disclosed the motives of his journey to the father and brother of Rebecca; and Hamor applied to Jacob and his sons, for their consent to the union of Dinah with his son Shechem. Thus, we find Shechem bargaining with Jacob and his sons for Dinah: "Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye shall say unto me, I will give: ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as ye shall say unto me; but give me the damsel to wife," Genesis 34:2 . The practice still continues in the country of Shechem; for when a young Arab wishes to marry, he must purchase his wife; and for this reason, fathers, among the Arabs, are never more happy than when they have many daughters
Devote, Devoted - Killing of Canaanites at Shechem was rebuked by Jacob using the same word for "trouble" Joshua did (Genesis 34:30 )
Samaria, Samaritans - The northerners established their capital first at Shechem, then at Tirzah, but when Omri came to the throne he built a new capital at Samaria
Ancestor-Worship - The evidence adduced for Ancestor-worship as a stage in the religious development of Israel proceeds on these lines:...
( a ) Sacrifices were offered at Hebron to Abraham, and at Shechem to Joseph, long before these places were associated with the worship of Jehovah
Joseph - Sent to Shechem, he found that his brothers had taken their flocks northwards fifteen miles, to the richer pasturage of Dothan. Shechem ( Genesis 48:22 RVm Transjordan - Center stage of the biblical narrative is the hill country west of the Jordan where most of the Israelite tribes were settled and where the famous cities of Samaria, Shechem, Jerusalem, and Hebron were sited
Gad - When the northern tribes revolted, Jeroboam must have found the Gadites among his staunchest supporters, for it was to Penuel in Gadite territory that he moved the capital from Shechem in Ephraim (1 Kings 12:25 )
Ark of the Covenant - After the conquest, it was variously located at Gilgal, Shechem (Joshua 8:30-35 ; see Deuteronomy 11:26-32 ; Deuteronomy 27:1-26 ) or Bethel (Judges 20:26 ), wherever the tribal confederacy was gathered for worship
Jacob - He then feigned that he would follow Esau to Seir, but turned aside to Shechem, where he bought the portion of a field, thus settling down for his own ease in the midst of the Canaanites, instead of going to Beth-el, God's house, from whence he had started. His peace was soon disturbed by his daughter Dinah going to see the daughters of the land, and being dishonoured, which was avenged by the slaughter of the Shechemites by his sons Simeon and Levi, bringing Jacob into great fear
Mouth - ...
In several passages peh represents the edge of a sword, perhaps in the sense of the part that consumes and/or bites: “And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword …” ( a'Braham - He passed through the heart of the country by the great highway to Shechem, and pitched his tent beneath the terebinth of Moreh
Cities - The city of Shechem had a tower of the same kind, into which the people retired, when the same usurper took it and sowed it with salt, Judges 9:46
Jacob - He then feigned that he would follow Esau to Seir, but turned aside to Shechem, where he bought the portion of a field, thus settling down for his own ease in the midst of the Canaanites, instead of going to Beth-el, God's house, from whence he had started. His peace was soon disturbed by his daughter Dinah going to see the daughters of the land, and being dishonoured, which was avenged by the slaughter of the Shechemites by his sons Simeon and Levi, bringing Jacob into great fear
Wells And Springs - ...
Jacob's well, at the eastern entrance of the charming valley of Shechem, is still in existence, though now little used and often nearly dry
Coins - Excavations in Shechem have uncovered a Greek silver coin dating after 600 B
Idol, Idolatry - Jacob after his return from Mesopotamia, required his people to reject the strange gods from among them and also the superstitious pendants worn by them in their ears, which he hid under a terebinth near Shechem
jo'Seph - " (Genesis 50:26 ) His trust Moses kept, and laid the bones of Joseph in his inheritance in Shechem, in the territory of Ephraim his offspring
Ephraim - (For information about its more important towns see BETHEL; JERICHO; JOPPA; Shechem; SHILOH
Samaria, Samaritans - The name was strictly limited to the religious sect, the metropolis of which was Shechem (Ant. Ben Sira speaks of ‘the foolish folk that dwell at Shechem,’ and characterizes them as ‘no nation’ (Sirach 50:25-26). That mountain is beyond Jordan after the way from the rising of the sun, in the land of the Canaanite, who dwelleth in the West, over against Gilgal, near by the oak of Moreh, over against Shechem. ; but other scholars with whom the present writer has discussed the question, would carry its date back even to a short time before the Christian era, so that there is a bare possibility of its having been in use when Christ passed through the streets of Shechem: like ordinary synagogue rolls, the MS is written in columns
Refuge, Cities of - These six cities were Kedesh, Shechem, and Hebron on the west, all well-known sanctuaries from early times, and Golan, Ramoth, and Bezer on the east
Blood - ...
If the latter reached one of the six cities, (Kedesh in Naphtali, Shechem in mount Ephraim, Hebron in the hill country of Judah, W
Hosea - He specifies Ephraim, Mizpah, Tabor, Gilgal, Bethel or Bethaven, Jezreel, Gibeah, Ramah, Gilead, Shechem, Lebanon, Arbela
Damascus - and defeated Alexander Jannæus at Shechem
Jeroboam - Jeroboam fixed his residence at Shechem, and there fortified himself; he also rebuilt Penuel, a city beyond Jordan, putting it into a state of defence, in order to keep the tribes quiet which were on that side Jordan, 1 Kings 12:1-25
Esau - until I come unto my lord unto Seir," cannot mean he then intended going there, for he was avowedly going toward Succoth and Shechem (Genesis 32-33)
Jehoiakim - Second son of Josiah and Zebudah, daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah (Arumah in Manasseh, near Shechem? Judges 9:41); Johanan was the oldest son
Palestine - Here Shechem was located, important to the patriarchs and in the day of the judges. Shechem, however, had no natural defenses and was consequently rejected by the kings of Israel as their capital
Palestine - On the death of Solomon, his son Rehoboam ascended the throne; but his conduct was such that ten of the tribes revolted, and formed an independent monarchy, called the kingdom of Israel, or the northern kingdom, the capital of which was first Shechem and afterwards Samaria
Joshua, the Book of - It may well be that people related to the Hebrews who lived in the Shechem area voluntarily joined in their fellowship of faith (Joshua 8:30-35 )
Appear, Appearance - The religious significance and historical reality of appearances of God are signified by commemorative sites, such as El-bethel, Shechem, and Shiloh
Joshua, Book of - Thus a covenant was made with the people that day, a statute, and an ordinance in Shechem
War, Holy War - Simon and Levi are rebuked for their slaughter of Canaanites at Shechem (Genesis 34 ; 49:5-7 ). After only two cities (Jericho and Ai) are taken they proceed north into hostile territory to Shechem
Exile - Still, a faithful remnant attempted to maintain worship of Yahweh near Shechem, producing eventually the Samaritan community
Devil - Judges 9:23 refers to God sending an “evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem
Agriculture - The wealth of Gerar and Shechem was chiefly pastoral (Genesis 20:14; Genesis 34:28)
Africanus, Julius - Lastly we may notice his statement that there were still in his time remains of Jacob's terebinth at Shechem Gen_35:4 held in honour; and that Jacob's tent had been preserved in Edessa until struck by lightning in the reign of the emperor Antoninus (Elagabalus ?)
Abraham - ...
Arrived in Canaan, Abraham builds altars at Shechem, where he receives the first promise of the land, and Bethel, where the separation from Lot takes place; after which Abraham resumes his southern journey and takes up his abode at Hebron (ch
Judah - until interrupted by Esdraelon plain, and having on it Hebron, Jerusalem, and Shechem; this "mountain of Judah" abounds in rains of former towns; springs are numerous, as at Urtas near Solomon's pools, but no streams
City - Ebal, about a mile from Nâblus (Shechem)
Abram - He passed through the heart of the country by the great highway to Shechem, and pitched his tent by the oak of Moreh
Deuteronomy, the Book of - No doubt Joshua used the materials of Deuteronomy when he led Israel in a covenant renewal ceremony at Shechem (Joshua 8:30-35 )
Joshua, Theology of - 7); the erection of an altar east of the Jordan in order to remember the lordship of Israel's God (22:26- 27); and the establishment of a memorial stone at Shechem after the ceremony of covenant renewal (24:26-27)
Sexuality, Human - The case of Dinah and Shechem (1618455100_45 ) is the first mentioned. Shechem first seduced Dinah and then found he loved her
Offerings And Sacrifices - In fact, the Lord himself commanded that they build such an altar at Shechem (i. At least part of the purpose of this ceremony appears to have been to lay claim to the land that the Lord had promised Abram long before when he first entered the land and built an altar in the same general location, near Shechem (Genesis 12:6-7 )
Ishmael - They came from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria, where such pagan usages prevailed, expressive of sorrow; they hereby indicated their grief at the destruction of the temple and city
Israel - The stories of Abraham at Bethel, Shechem, Hebron, and Beersheba come under this head. In the course of these struggles a disaster befell the tribes of Simeon and Levi in an attempt to take Shechem, which practically annihilated Levi, and greatly weakened Simeon (cf
Transportation And Travel - Throughout much of Israel's history the people are described as making journeys to places like Shechem (Joshua 24:1 ), Shiloh (1 Samuel 1:3 ), Ophrah (Judges 8:27 ), Dan (Judges 18:30 ), and Bethel (1 Kings 12:26-33 )
High Place, Sanctuary - The holy places which figure so conspicuously in the stories of the patriarchs are in many cases tree-sanctuaries of immemorial antiquity, such as ‘the terebinth of Moreh,’ at Shechem, under which Abram is said to have built his first altar in Canaan ( Genesis 12:6 f
Archaeology And Biblical Study - The list includes such important places as Babylon and Ur in ancient Mesopotamia and Ai, Bethel, Hazor, Jericho, Jerusalem, Lachish, Megiddo, Shechem, and many other sites in ancient Israel. ...
Tell el-Balatah (ancient Shechem) had foundations of a temple from the late Bronze Age conjectured to be those of Baal-Berith (Judges 9:1 )
Demon - After Abimelech treacherously killed Gideon's sons, God sent an evil spirit that divided him from the citizens of Shechem (Judges 9:23-24 )
Joshua - Again he gathered all the tribes with their heads and officers to Shechem, as being the place where Abram received God's first promise of the land after his migration into Canaan (Genesis 12:6-7); more especially because here Jacob on his return from Mesopotamia settled, and removed his household's strange gods (Genesis 33:19; Genesis 35:2-4), just as Joshua now wished Israel to renew the covenant binding them to renunciation of all idols
Judges, the Book of - His sin in making the ephod issued in his family's slaughter by Abimelech with the men of Shechem's aid, these in turn mutually punishing one another. Abimelech's usurpation of the kingship of Shechem illustrates further the national decay
Tribes of Israel, the - Simeon was Jacob's second son by Leah and played a key role in the encounter Dinah had with Shechem. Because Simeon and Levi were full brothers of Dinah, they sought to avenge her (Genesis 34:25-26 ) for Shechem's actions (Genesis 34:1-4 )
Canaan, History And Religion of - They represent correspondence between the Egyptian court at Tell el-Amarna and numerous Canaanite cities, including Jerusalem, Megiddo, and Shechem
Preaching - Joshua was an Ephraimite; but, being full of the spirit of wisdom, he gathered the tribes to Shechem, and harangued the people of God, Deuteronomy 34:9 ; Joshua 24
Temple of Jerusalem - Former patriarchal holy places near Shechem or Bethel (Genesis 12:6-8 ; Genesis 28:10-22 ; compare Deuteronomy 11:29-30 ; Deuteronomy 27:1-26 ; Joshua 8:30-35 ; Joshua 24:1-28 ; Judges 20:26-27 ), these are not called temples in Scripture though local inhabitants may have called them temples
Evil - Similar is the evil spirit sent between Abimelech and the inhabitants of Shechem, which turns the Shechemites against him (Judges 9:23 )
Marriage - In the parable the father is said to make a marriage, or a marriage feast (ποιεῖν γάμον), for his son (Matthew 22:2); so in the OT, Genesis 24:3 (Abraham and his steward for Isaac) Genesis 34:4; Genesis 34:8 (Hamor for Shechem) Genesis 38:6 (Judah for Er), 1618455100_66 (Manoah for Samson)
Preaching - Joshua was an Ephraimite; but being full of the spirit of wisdom, he gathered the tribes to Shechem, and harrangued the people of God, 2 Chronicles 18:1-3469
Terah - All the same, the whole after way from Haran to Shechem was often a solitary and a steep way to Abram: a dim, a headless, and a leaderless way to Terah's pious and childlike son
Palestine - ) "The land of the Hebrew" Joseph calls it, because of Abraham's, Isaac's, and Jacob's settlements at Mamre, Hebron, and Shechem (Genesis 40:15)
Palesti'na - Hardly less rich is the extensive region which lies northwest of the city of Shechem ( Nablus ), between it and Carmel, in which the mountains gradually break down into the plain of Sharon
Joseph - to Shechem in the N