What does Serpent mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
ὄφις snake 4
הַנָּחָ֖שׁ serpent 3
ὄφιν snake 3
נָחָ֣שׁ serpent 2
לְתַנִּֽין dragon 2
؟ תַּנִּֽין dragon 1
תַּנִּ֑ין dragon 1
שָׂרָ֔ף serpent 1
וְשָׂרָ֣ף serpent 1
שָׂרָ֥ף serpent 1
נְחַ֣שׁ serpent 1
נָחָ֑שׁ serpent 1
נָ֫חָ֥שׁ serpent 1
נָחָ֗שׁ serpent 1
כְּנָחָ֣שׁ serpent 1
נְחַ֥שׁ serpent 1
הַנָּחָשׁ֙ serpent 1
עֵ֣ין eye. / spring 1
כַּנָּחָ֣שׁ serpent 1
כַּנָּחָ֔שׁ serpent 1
נָחָ֥שׁ serpent 1
וְנָחָ֖שׁ serpent 1
נָחָ֖שׁ serpent 1
נָחָשׁ֙ serpent 1
הַנָּחָשׁ֮ serpent 1
הַנָּחָ֥שׁ serpent 1
הַנָּחָ֑שׁ serpent 1
וְהַנָּחָשׁ֙ serpent 1
לְנָחָ֖שׁ serpent 1
לְנָחָ֑שׁ serpent 1
נָחָֽשׁ serpent 1
הַנָּחָֽשׁ serpent 1
נְחַ֨שׁ serpent 1
ὄφεως snake 1
וְתַנִּֽין dragon 1

Definitions Related to Serpent

G3789


   1 snake, Serpent.
   2 with the ancients, the Serpent was an emblem of cunning and wisdom.
   The Serpent who deceived Eve was regarded by the Jews as the devil.
   

H5175


   1 Serpent, snake.
      1a Serpent.
      1b image (of Serpent).
      1c fleeing Serpent (mythological).
      

H8577


   1 dragon, Serpent, sea monster.
      1a dragon or dinosaur.
      1b sea or river monster.
      1c Serpent, venomous snake.
      

H5869


   1 eye.
      1a eye.
         1a1 of physical eye.
         1a2 as showing mental qualities.
         1a3 of mental and spiritual faculties (fig.
         ).
   2 spring, fountain.
   

H8314


   1 Serpent, fiery Serpent.
      1a poisonous Serpent (fiery from burning effect of poison).
   2 seraph, seraphim.
      2a majestic beings with 6 wings, human hands or voices in attendance upon God.
      

Frequency of Serpent (original languages)

Frequency of Serpent (English)

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Serpent
SERPENT .
1 . nâchâsh , generic name (cf. Arab. [1] chanash ), Genesis 3:1 ; Genesis 3:3 etc.; the most commonly used word, occurs frequently.
2 . ‘eph’eh (root to ‘groan’ or ‘hise,’ cf. Arab [1] , af‘a ) is applied to the viper ( Job 20:16 , Isaiah 30:6 ; Isaiah 59:6 ).
3 . ‘akshûb , Psalms 140:3 ‘adder.’ The root meaning (cf. Arab. [1] ‘akasa ) seems to be ‘bending back,’ as a serpent does before striking.
4 . pethen , tr. [4] ‘asp,’ Deuteronomy 32:33 , Job 20:14 , Isaiah 11:8 ; tr. [4] ‘adder,’ Psalms 58:4 , where it is referred to as the favourite of the serpent-charmer.
5 . shĕphîphôn Genesis 49:17 , tr. [4] ‘adder,’ AVm [7] ‘arrowsnake,’ RVm [8] ‘horned snake’ (cf. Arab. [1] sheffûn ).
6 . tsepha ‘, Isaiah 14:29 , AV [10] ‘cockatrice,’ RV [11] ‘basilisk,’ EVm ‘adder.’
7 . tsiphô‘nî , Proverbs 23:32 ‘adder’; Isaiah 11:8 ; Isaiah 59:6 , Jeremiah 8:17 , ‘cockatrice,’ RV [11] ‘hasllisk,’ mg. ‘ar adder.’
8 . qippôz . Isaiah 34:15 , AV [10] ‘great owl,’ RV [11] ‘arrowsnake.’ See Owl.
9 . sârâph . Isaiah 14:29 ; Isaiah 30:6 ‘fiery serpent,’ coupled with nâchâsh in Numbers 21:6 , Deuteronomy 8:15 .
10 . zôch ăl ç ’âphâr , Deuteronomy 32:24 ; zôch ăl ç’ erets , Micah 7:17 ; some creature that glides on or into the earth, probably therefore a serpent. Cf. Worm, 5.
11 . tannîn , tr. [4] ‘serpent,’ Exodus 7:9-10 ; Exodus 7:12 , RVm [8] ‘any large reptile’; Psalms 91:13 , AV [10] and RV [11] ‘dragon.’ See Dragon.
12 . (Gr.) echidna any poisonous serpent ( Matthew 3:7 ; Matthew 12:34 ; Matthew 23:33 , Luke 3:7 , Acts 28:3 ).
Serpents are very common in the Holy Land and in the wilderness to the south. Over 30 species are known. Though the great majority are really harmless, all are dreaded by the natives, and several kinds are most deadly. Fatal snake bites are by no means uncommon; the writer knows of seven cases at first hand. The Egyptian cobra ( Naja haji ) is found, but fortunately is not common. It is the favourite with snake-charmers, and is very probably the pethen , tr. [4] ‘asp’ in OT. It was held in much veneration by the ancient Egyptians, and a little bronze serpent recently found in the excavations of ancient Gezer probably an object of worship in pre-Israelite times was of this form. Another very dangerous snake is the horned sandsnake ( Cerastes hasselguistii ), supposed to be the ‘asp of Cleopatra.’ It lies in ambush ( Genesis 49:17 ) in depressions of the road and bites the passer-by. It is called by the Arabs shiffûn , which corresponds to the Heb. shĕphîphôn . Other poisonous Palestine snakes belonging, like the last mentioned, to the viper family are Vipera euphratica, V. ammodytes, Daboia xanthina a large, nocturnal species and the small Echis arenicola which haunts sandy deserts. These vipers are all included under the Heb. ’eph‘eh (Arab. [1] af’a ). The viper of Acts 28:3 was probably Vipera aspis , which is common on most of the larger isles of the Mediterranean, though extinct in Malta. The expression ‘ fiery serpent ’ probably refers to the burning sensation produced by the bite; in Psalms 140:3 their poison is supposed to reside in their tongues.
Some of the references to serpents do not apparently refer to any natural object. This view is taken in the translation in Isaiah 14:29 of tsepha ‘, and in Isaiah 11:3 ; Isaiah 59:5 , Jeremiah 8:17 of tsiph’ ônî , where ‘ cockatrice ’ occurs in AV [10] and ‘ basilisk ’ in RV [11] . The former was, among early English writers, a creature with a head and body like a cock, but the tail of a serpent, with a sting at its extremity. The basiliskos of the LXX [23] was probably the golden urœus , the ornament of the royal headdress among the Egyptians. There is no clear reason why in the passages quoted the references should not be to an actual species of snake. The reference in Amos 9:3 to the serpent ( nâchâsh ) at the bottom of the sea may have some reference to the Babylonian myth of Tiâmat. See also Dragon and Leviathan. For the serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 See Fall (4), and Satan, p. 829 b f.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Serpent, Brazen
SERPENT, BRAZEN . Numbers 21:4-9 relates that Moses was commanded by God to make a serpent of brass (or rather, of bronze) and to set it upon a standard (RV [1] ), that those who had been bitten by the serpents might look on it and be healed. This was in harmony with a wide-spread belief that the image of a hurtful thing drives the evil away. In the absence of a direct statement we cannot say whether it was Jahweh who was worshipped under the form of the bronze serpent of 2 Kings 18:4 the Nehushtan , or piece of bronze, as it was called. Some think it represented the Celestial Dragon, others the spirit of an ancestor, others a chthonic deity: Robertson Smith believed that it was the totem of David’s house. There are traces of serpent-worship in Israel ( 1 Kings 1:9 Zoheleth = ‘snake’; Nehemiah 2:13 ). The two points of comparison present to our Lord’s mind in John 3:14 are (1) the lifting up of the serpent on the pole and Himself on the Cross, and (2) the voluntary looking of the Hebrews to the serpent for the verb employed means more than simply seeing and the faith of believers (see Sir 16:5-7 ).
J. Taylor.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Serpent
(Heb. nahash; Gr. ophis), frequently noticed in Scripture. More than forty species are found in Syria and Arabia. The poisonous character of the serpent is alluded to in Jacob's blessing on Dan (Genesis 49:17 ; see Proverbs 30:18,19 ; James 3:7 ; Jeremiah 8:17 ). (See ADDER .) This word is used symbolically of a deadly, subtle, malicious enemy ( Luke 10:19 ).
The serpent is first mentioned in connection with the history of the temptation and fall of our first parents (Genesis 3 ). It has been well remarked regarding this temptation: "A real serpent was the agent of the temptation, as is plain from what is said of the natural characteristic of the serpent in the first verse of the chapter (3:1), and from the curse pronounced upon the animal itself. But that Satan was the actual tempter, and that he used the serpent merely as his instrument, is evident (1) from the nature of the transaction; for although the serpent may be the most subtle of all the beasts of the field, yet he has not the high intellectual faculties which the tempter here displayed.
In the New Testament it is both directly asserted and in various forms assumed that Satan seduced our first parents into sin (John 8:44 ; Romans 16:20 ; 2 co 11:3,14 ; Revelation 12:9 ; 20:2 )." Hodge's System. Theol., ii. 127.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Serpent, Fiery
(LXX. "deadly," Vulg. "burning"), Numbers 21:6 , probably the naja haje of Egypt; some swift-springing, deadly snake (Isaiah 14:29 ). After setting out from their encampment at Ezion-gaber, the Israelites entered on a wide sandy desert, which stretches from the mountains of Edom as far as the Persian Gulf. While traversing this region, the people began to murmur and utter loud complaints against Moses. As a punishment, the Lord sent serpents among them, and much people of Israel died. Moses interceded on their behalf, and by divine direction he made a "brazen serpent," and raised it on a pole in the midst of the camp, and all the wounded Israelites who looked on it were at once healed. (Compare John 3:14,15 .) (See ASP .) This "brazen serpent" was preserved by the Israelites till the days of Hezekiah, when it was destroyed ( 2 Kings 18:4 ). (See BRASS .)
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Brazen Serpent
See SERPENT OF BRASS.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Serpent
1: ὄφις (Strong's #3789 — Noun Masculine — ophis — of'-is ) the characteristics of the "serpent" as alluded to in Scripture are mostly evil (though Matthew 10:16 refers to its caution in avoiding danger); its treachery, Genesis 49:17 ; 2 Corinthians 11:3 ; its venom, Psalm 58:4 ; 1 Corinthians 10:9 ; Revelation 9:19 ; its skulking, Job 26:13 ; its murderous proclivities, e.g., Psalm 58:4 ; Proverbs 23:32 ; Ecclesiastes 10:8,11 ; Amos 5:19 ; Mark 16:18 ; Luke 10:19 ; the Lord used the word metaphorically of the scribes and Pharisees, Matthew 23:33 (cp. echidna, "viper," in Matthew 3:7 ; 12:34 ). The general aspects of its evil character are intimated in the Lord's rhetorical question in Matthew 7:10 ; Luke 11:11 . Its characteristics are concentrated in the archadversary of God and man, the Devil, metaphorically described as the serpent, 2 Corinthians 11:3 ; Revelation 12:9,14,15 ; 20:2 . The brazen "serpent" lifted up by Moses was symbolical of the means of salvation provided by God, in Christ and His vicarious death under the Divine judgment upon sin, John 3:14 . While the living "serpent" symbolizes sin in its origin, hatefulness, and deadly effect, the brazen "serpent" symbolized the bearing away of the curse and the judgement of sin; the metal was itself figurative of the righteousness of God's judgment.
2: ἑρπετόν (Strong's #2062 — Noun Neuter — herpeton — her-pet-on' ) "a creeping thing" (from herpo, "to creep"), "a reptile," is rendered "serpents" in James 3:7 , AV (RV, "creeping things," as elsewhere). See CREEP , B.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Fiery Serpent
God used snakes of fiery appearance or burning bite to teach His people. The Hebrew word for burning or fiery is the same as for seraphim in Isaiah 6:1 but refers to different kinds of creatures. To punish the Israelites for complaining about their lot in the wilderness, God sent fiery serpents among them. As a result, many died. The serpents were natural residents of the wilderness ( Deuteronomy 8:15 ). Subsequently, God directed Moses to make a representation of a fiery serpent and place it on a pole. The brass serpent made by Moses became the means of healing for those who had been bitten by the fiery serpents but had not died. Jesus used this to point to His own fate of being lifted up on a cross (John 3:14 ). Compare John 12:32 . See Numbers; Moses . Isaiah used the fear of snakes to warn complacent Philistines that God would raise up a more fearful enemy who could be compared only to a serpent (saraph ) which flew or darted (Isaiah 14:29 NIV). Compare Isaiah 30:6 .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Brasen Serpent
See Bronze Serpent .
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Serpent
The Hebrew word nachash is the generic name of any serpent. The following are the principal biblical allusions to this animal its subtlety is mentioned in ( Genesis 3:1 ) its wisdom is alluded to by our Lord in (Matthew 10:18 ) the poisonous properties of some species are often mentioned, see (Psalm 58:4 ; Proverbs 25:32 ) the sharp tongue of the serpent is mentioned in (Psalm 140:3 ; Job 20:16 ) the habit serpents have of lying concealed in hedges and in holes of walls is alluded to in (Ecclesiastes 10:8 ) their dwelling in dry sandy places, in (8:10) their wonderful mode of progression did not escape the observation of the author of (Proverbs 30:1 ) ... who expressly mentions it as "one of the three things which were too wonderful for him." ver. 19. The art of taming and charming serpents is of great antiquity, and is alluded to in (Psalm 58:5 ; Ecclesiastes 10:11 ; Jeremiah 8:17 ) and doubtless intimated by St. James, (James 3:7 ) who particularizes serpents among all other animals that "have been tamed by man." It was under the form of a serpent that the devil seduced Eve; hence in Scripture Satan is called "the old serpent." (Revelation 12:9 ) and comp. 2 Corinthians 11:3 Hence, as a fruit of the tradition of the Fall, the serpent all through the East became the emblem of the spirit of evil, and is so pictured even on the monuments of Egypt. It has been supposed by many commentators that the serpent, prior to the Fall, moved along in an erect attitude. It is quite clear that an erect mode of progression is utterly incompatible with the structure of a serpent; consequently, had the snakes before the Fall moved in an erect attitude they must have been formed on a different plan altogether. The typical form of the serpent and its mode of progression were in all probability the same before: the Fall as after it; but subsequent to the Fall its form and progression were to be regarded with hatred and disgust by all mankind, and thus the animal was cursed above all cattle," and a mark of condemnation was forever stamped upon it. Serpents are said in Scripture to "eat dust," see ( Genesis 3:14 ; Isaiah 65:25 ; Micah 7:17 ) these animals which for the most part take their food on the ground, do consequently swallow with it large portions of sand and dust. Throughout the East the serpent was used as an emblem of the evil principle, of the spirit of disobedience and contumacy. Much has been written on the question of the "fiery serpents" of (Numbers 21:6,8 ) with which it is usual to erroneously identify the "fiery flying serpent" of (Isaiah 14:29 ) and Isai 30:6 The word "fiery" probably signifies "burning," in allusion to the sensation produced by the bite. The Cerastes , or the Naia haje , or any other venomous species frequenting Arabia, may denote the "serpent of the burning bite" which destroyed the children of Israel. The snake that fastened on St. Paul's hand when he was at Melita, ( Acts 28:5 ) was probably the common viper of England, Pelias berus . (See also ADDER ; ASP ] When God punished the murmurs of the Israelites in the wilderness by sending among them serpents whose fiery bite was fatal, Moses, upon their repentance, was commanded to make a serpent of brass, whose polished surface shone like fire, and to set it up on the banner-pole in the midst of the people; and whoever was bitten by a serpent had but to look up at it and live. (Numbers 21:4-9 ) The comparison used by Christ, (John 3:14,15 ) adds a deep interest to this scene. To present the serpent form, as deprived of its power to hurt, impaled as the trophy of a conqueror was to assert that evil, physical and spiritual, had been overcome, and thus help to strengthen the weak faith of the Israelites in a victory over both. Others look upon the uplifted serpent as a symbol of life and health, it having been so worshipped in Egypt. The two views have a point of contact, for the serpent is wisdom . Wisdom, apart from obedience to God, degenerates to cunning, and degrades and envenoms man's nature. Wisdom, yielding to the divine law, is the source of healing and restoring influences, and the serpent form thus became a symbol of deliverance and health; and the Israelites were taught that it would be so with them in proportion as they ceased to be sensual and rebellious. Preserved as a relic, whether on the spot of its first erection or elsewhere the brazen serpent, called by the name of Nehushtan , became an object of idolatrous veneration, and the zeal of Hezekiah destroyed it with the other idols of his father. ( 2 Kings 18:4 ) [1]
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Brazen Serpent
BRAZEN SERPENT . See Serpent [1].
Holman Bible Dictionary - Serpent
English translation of several biblical words for snakes. See Exodus 4:3 ; Exodus 7:9-10 ; compare Job 26:13 ). Jesus accused the Pharisees of being as evil and deadly as serpents (Matthew 23:33 ). He gave the seventy power over serpents (Luke 10:19 ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Fiery Serpent
FIERY SERPENT . See Serpent, Seraphim.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Bronze Serpent
Moses made a bronze serpent and set it on a pole in the middle of the Israelite camp (Numbers 21:1 ). God had told Moses to do this so the Israelites bitten by serpents could express their faith by looking at it and be healed. The need for the serpent came in one of the times Israel murmured against God and Moses. The people were in the wilderness after their refusal to obey God by entering the land of Canaan. Although God had provided food and water for them after their disobedience, they complained because of the monotony of the good provided. God sent serpents among them, therefore, to punish the people. The serpents' bites were deadly, but God relented and chose to provide a way for rescue if those bitten would accept it. The bronze serpent was God's way. It was a call to faith in God and to the way of healing He established.
Nothing more is known of the bronze serpent until it is mentioned again in 2 Kings 18:4 . There, in the account of King Hezekiah's purging of the Temple, the Bible tells of the destruction of this symbol. Hezekiah wanted to purify Temple worship. Apparently, the bronze serpent had become an object of worship as the Israelites burned incense to it. A symbol of God's mercy had become a stumbling block. So, Nehushtan, as it was called, was broken into pieces. (Nehushtan is a combination of the Hebrew words for serpent and for bronze.)
Archaeological evidence from Mesopotamian and, more importantly, Canaanite sites reveals that the crawling serpent was a symbol of the fertility of the soil. The serpent was often represented associated with the fertility goddesses, the bull, the dove (life of the heavens), and water. This kind of symbolism had been known in the ancient Middle East since at least 4000 B.C. and became common in Palestine after 1800 B.C. It was widespread in the classical Canaanite cult.
If the cultic serpent retained in Israel the significance it had in other ancient Middle Eastern cults, and there is no cogent argument for assuming otherwise, it was a Canaanite symbol used to depict the Lord's power of fertility. This explains why the Israelites revered it, why Hezekiah (probably ancient Judah's best king) contemptuously called it “a serpent-shaped piece of bronze,” and why he destroyed it. Nehushtan may have been in the Temple since its founding.
Jesus made the final mention of this symbol in John 3:14 . There, in His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus compared His own purpose with that of the bronze serpent. The serpent, lifted up in the wilderness, had been God's chosen way to provide physical healing. Jesus, lifted up on the cross, is God's chosen way to provide spiritual healing for all afflicted by sin. As the serpent gave life in the wilderness, Jesus gives spiritual life. Faith was necessary to look at the serpent and be healed; faith is necessary to receive the healing (salvation) Jesus gives. See Moses ; Wilderness ; Atonement ; Hezekiah .
Albert F. Bean and Karen Joines
Holman Bible Dictionary - Serpent, Bronze
See Bronze Serpent .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Serpent of Brass
See Bronze Serpent .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Serpent Charmers
See Charm .
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Serpent
See Satan
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Serpent
SERPENT.—The prevalence of serpents in ancient Palestine is illustrated by the fact that no fewer than 11 Heb. words are rendered ‘serpent’ in OT. Tristram (Nat. Hist. of Bible) states that 33 different species of serpent are still found in Syria. Of 18 varieties which he himself secured, 13 were innocuous and 4 deadly, including cobras and vipers. Naturally there are numerous references, in the OT, in the NT, and in Rabbinical literature, to serpents as well-known but generally disagreeable inhabitants of the country. So unpleasantly common were they, that it was regarded as one of the perpetual miracles of Jerusalem that no one was ever bitten by a serpent there. The references in the Gospels may conveniently be grouped under three heads.
1. In Matthew 10:16 our Lord charges His disciples, ‘Be ye wise as serpents’ (φρόνιμοι ὡς οἱ ὄφεις). There may be here a reference to Genesis 3:1 ‘the serpent was more subtil (עָרוּם) than any beast of the field.’ The Heb. word means ‘shrewd,’ and is used also in a good sense (cf. Proverbs 12:16; Proverbs 12:23), although the parallel root in Arabic suggests only a bad sense. It is probable, however, that our Lord refers to the well-known habits of the serpent, its ability to conceal itself in unexpected places, and to escape swiftly and silently in time of danger (cf. נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ ‘the swift serpent’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 , Job 26:13, Isaiah 27:1).
2. But the phrase which follows in Matthew 10:16 ‘and harmless (ἀκέραιοι) as doves,’ suggests that there was also in the mind of Jesus the equally well-known reputation of the serpent as a dangerous reptile; and this is borne out by other passages in the Gospels. Almost parallel are Mark 16:18 ‘they shall take up serpents,’ and Luke 10:19 ‘I give you power over serpents’; while the noxious and repulsive nature of the serpent is referred to in Matthew 7:10, Luke 11:11 ‘if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?’
In all the above passages, ὄφις, the generic name for a serpent, is used. But in Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7 we find ἔχιδνα, which probably means a poisonous serpent, and is rendered ‘viper’ both in Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 . In Matthew 23:33 Jesus employs both words to describe the Pharisees—ὄφεις, γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν, ‘serpents, offspring [1] of vipers’ (cf. Micah 7:17).
3. Very different is the passage John 3:14 ‘and as Moses lifted up the serpent (τὸν ὄφιν) in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,’ where the reference is to the plague of serpents among the Israelites in the wilderness and the miraculous cure, as recorded in Numbers 21:6-9. Full consideration of this passage, and of its relation to 2 Kings 18:4, does not fall within the scope of this article (see art. ‘Nehushtan’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible iii. 510b). It is interesting, however, to note, in connexion with John 3:14, that both passages in the OT have been regarded as pointing to serpent-worship in some form among the early Hebrews.
Literature.—On the symbolism of the serpent: Baudissin, Studien zur Semit. Religiongesch. i. 257–292; Nöldeke, ‘Die Schlange nach arab. [2] Volksglauben’ in Ztschr. f. Völkerpsychologie. On natural history: Tristram, Nat. Hist. of the Bible; O. Günther, Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien; Doughty, Arabia Deserta. See also Schultz, OT Theol. (English translation ) ii. 272; Sayce, Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia, pp. 208–214; Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible iv. 459.
G. Gordon Stott.
Webster's Dictionary - Serpent-Tongued
(a.) Having a forked tongue, like a serpent.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Serpent
The interesting circumstance as related in the very opening of the Bible concerning the subtlety of the serpent, and the direct application of it to the devil, renders it a subject of peculiar importance in a work of this kind that it should be noticed.
I do not mean, however, by what I have said, to enter into all the wonderful relations which we meet with in sacred record concerning the serpent. It will be sufficient to all the purposes I mean to offer upon the subject, to observe that the Great and Almighty Author of Scripture hath in many places plainly declared that by the serpent is intended the devil, yea, the devil is expressly called the old serpent. (Re I beg that this may be fully understood. And it were to be much wished that the sense of it was as fully impressed upon the mind of every reader. (See Job 26:13; Isaiah 27:1)
The whole tenor of Scripture, therefore being directed to set forth the devil under this image and figure of the serpent, there appears a beautiful analogy between the brazen serpent lifted, up in the wilderness at the command of God, and the Lord Jesus lifted up on the cross for the salvation of his people by the same authority—and for this plain reason, because none but the serpent of all the creatures in the creation of God was cursed; and therefore none but the serpent among the creatures of God could be the suitable type or figure to represent Christ when redeeming, his people from the curse of the law, "being made a curse for them." And as the simple act of faith in the Israelite in the wilderness, when beholding the brazen serpent as typical of Christ, became the sole means of recovery when dying under the effects of the serpent's poison in the old dispensation, so the simple act of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ becomes the sole cause of salvation when dying under the consequences of sin and Satan under the New. Indeed so Christ himself explained it and so the faithful in all ages have understood it; and, no doubt, thousands who are now in glory, while they were upon earth, accepted this beautiful illustration of the subject, and lived and died in the most firm conviction of the truth of it, to the Lord's glory, and their souls' happiness.
I have thought it worth while to be the more particular on this point, not because there is the least question to be made of our Lord's own illustration of this subject, but because some doubts have arisen whether it was truly a serpent which beguiled Eve, or some other creature. But while the uniform testimony of Scripture is with this subject, and the devil is continually called by the name of serpent through the whole of the Bible, and while the faithful in all ages have, without a single instance of departure, received no other idea, it should seem the safest method to accept the good old way of translation, assured that if the fact had not been so, God the Holy Ghost would have taught the church accordingly.
The objection arising from the Serpent's being endowed with speech and reined in conversing with our first mother, and persuading her by argument, is no more in reality an objection than that of the ass possessing both in the instance of Balaam's history. Both were miraculous; both induced by the sovereign power of God for the accomplishment of the Lord's purposes. And of the two examples of the kind, surely, the great event of man's apostacy became a much more important occasion for such a miracle than the condemnation of a single character like Balaam.
I cannot help making a farther remark, that the Hebrew name for serpent (Nechash) is the general name used throughout the whole Scripture. And it is not only an ingenious but a beautiful thought of Mr. Parkhurst in his Lexicon, page 390, that the reason for which Moses in the wilderness when commanded to make the figure of a fiery serpent, made it of brass or copper, was not only because it was the nearest in resemblance to the colour of the serpent, but also from the noxious qualities of poison in it. For, saith Mr. P. "as man, no doubt, was acquainted with animals long before he had any knowledge of minerals and their qualities, it seems highly probable that the primeval language might in some instances, and where there was a similarity of qualified, describe the latter by names deduced from those which were at first given to the former. And in the present case it is observable that copper is not only of a serpentine colour, but resembles those noxious animals in its destructive properties, being in all its preparations accounted poisonous." All this is strikingly just upon the presumption that the word (Nechash) he rendered, as it hath uniformly been rendered, serpent, by all the translators of the Bible for centuries; but, if another beast of the field be substituted the beauty in the resemblance, is lost.
It is worthy of farther remark, in confirmation, that the church all along considered the word (Nechash,) which is rendered in our translation serpent, to have been uniformly connected with the idea of this beast; for we find, in the days of Hezekiah, that in his removing the brazen serpent which Moses had made, and calling it not immediately (Nechash,) but Nehushtan, thus playing upon the word, but still preserving the idea of the thing itself the good old king plainly, proved what the judgement of the church concerning it was in his day. Hezekiah saw that Israel had idolized the type, and forgotten the thing signified, therefore in removing it, and calling it Nehushtan, he aimed to direct the minds of the people from the type and shadow to him it was intended to prefigure. (See 2 Kings 18:4. See Nehushtan.)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Serpent Charming
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Serpent
nachash . ("Subtle".) (Genesis 3:1). The form under which Satan "the old serpent" tempted Eve (Revelation 12:9; Numbers 21:4-9). The serpent being known as subtle, Eve was not surprised at his speaking, and did not suspect a spiritual foe. Its crested head of pride, glittering skin, fascinating, unshaded, gazing eye, shameless lust, tortuous movement, venomous bite, groveling posture, all adapt it to be type of Satan. The "cunning craftiness, lying in wait to deceive," marks the particular serpent rather than the serpent order generally. The serpent cannot be classed physically with the behemoth, the pachyderm and ruminant animals; "the serpent was crafty above every behemoth in the field" (Genesis 3:1); nor physically is the serpent "cursed above others"; it must be Satan who is meant. (See DEVIL.)
Wise in shunning danger (Matthew 10:16). Poisonous: Psalms 58:4; Psalms 140:3, "they have sharpened their tongues" to give a deadly wound, "like a serpent" (Psalms 64:3). Lying hid in hedges (Ecclesiastes 10:8) and in holes of walls (Amos 5:19). Their wonderful motion is effected by the vertebral column and the multitudinous ribs which form so many pairs of levers, enabling them to advance (Proverbs 30:19); the serpent, though without feet or wings, trails along the rock (stony places being its favorite resort) wheresoever it will, leaving no impression of its way, light, gliding without noise, quick, and the mode unknown to us.
The curse in Genesis 3:14 is mainly on Satan, but subordinately on the serpent his tool; just as the ox that gored a man was to be killed, so the serpent should suffer in his trailing on the belly and being the object of man's disgust and enmity. They shall eat the dust at last (i.e. be utterly and with perpetual shame laid low), of which their present eating dust in taking food off the ground is the pledge (Isaiah 65:25; Micah 7:17; Isaiah 49:23; Psalms 72:9).
The nachash is the Νaja haje . It "will bite without (i.e. unless you use) enchantment" (Ecclesiastes 10:11). In 2 Corinthians 11:3 the "fiery (causing inflammation by the bite) flying serpent" is the naja , which has the power of raising and bringing forward the ribs under excitement, so as to stretch the skin wing-like into a broad thin flattened disc, three or four times the width of the neck in repose, and then dart at its prey. Hindu mythology represents Krishna first as bitten in the foot, then as finally crushing the serpent's head beneath his feet; evidently a tradition from Genesis 3:15.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Serpent, Brazen
Numbers 21:4-9; John 3:14-15. The apocryphal Wisdom (Wisdom of Solomon 16:5-12) says "they were troubled for a small season that they might be admonished having a sign of salvation ... for he that turned himself toward it was not saved by the thing that he saw, but by Thee that art the Saviour of all." The brazen serpent typified the Son of man, in that
(1) the brazen serpent had the form without the venom of the deadly serpent; just as Jesus was "in the likeness of sinful flesh" yet "without sin" (Romans 8:3), "made sin for us" though He "knew no sin" (2 Corinthians 5:21); the brazen serpent seemed the most unlikely means of curing the serpents' bites; so the condemned One seemed most unlikely to save the condemned.
(2) The brazen serpent lifted up on the pole so as to be visible with its bright brass (which also is typical: Revelation 1:15) to the remotest Israelite answers to Jesus "evidently set forth before the eyes, crucified" (Galatians 3:1), so that "all the ends of the earth" by "looking unto" Him may "be saved" (Isaiah 45:22), "lifted up from the earth," and so "drawing all men unto Him" (John 12:32-34).
(3) The cure of the body by looking naturally typifies the cure of the soul by looking spiritually; faith is the eye of the soul turned to the Saviour (Hebrews 12:2), a look from however far off saves (Hebrews 7:25; Ephesians 2:17; Acts 2:39); the bitten Israelite, however distant, by a look was healed. The serpent form, impaled as the trophy of the conqueror, implies evil, temporal and spiritual, overcome. Wisdom (of which the serpent is the symbol) obeying God is the source of healing; as wisdom severed from God envenoms and degrades man. Moses' serpent rod was the instrument of power overcoming the magicians' serpents (Exodus 7:10-12). (See NEHUSHTAN on the worship of the relic; so the cross of Christ itself was perverted into an idol.)
Webster's Dictionary - Serpent
(1):
(n.) A bass wind instrument, of a loud and coarse tone, formerly much used in military bands, and sometimes introduced into the orchestra; - so called from its form.
(2):
(n.) Fig.: A subtle, treacherous, malicious person.
(3):
(v. t.) To wind; to encircle.
(4):
(v. i.) To wind like a serpent; to crook about; to meander.
(5):
(n.) The constellation Serpens.
(6):
(n.) A species of firework having a serpentine motion as it passess through the air or along the ground.
(7):
(n.) Any reptile of the order Ophidia; a snake, especially a large snake. See Illust. under Ophidia.
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Serpent
Genesis 3:1 (a) This is a type of Satan for he is so described in Revelation 12:9.
Numbers 21:6 (b) It is a type of sin in all of its terrible effect on the people.
Numbers 21:8 (a) It is a type of the Lord JESUS when He was made sin for us ( 2 Corinthians 5:21) as He hung on Calvary. (See John 3:14).
Matthew 7:10 (b) This is a symbol of a harmful, injurious thing which the Christian, in his ignorance, thinks is good and profitable. The Lord sees that he is mistaken in his request and so refuses to give it to him because He knows it would harm. GOD says "no" to the request.
Webster's Dictionary - Sea Serpent
(1):
Any marine snake. See Sea snake.
(2):
A large marine animal of unknown nature, often reported to have been seen at sea, but never yet captured.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Serpent
In Egypt and other oriental countries, a serpent was the common symbol of a powerful monarch; it was embroidered on the robes of princes, and blazoned on their diadem, to signify their absolute power and invincible might, and that, as the wound inflicted by the basilisk is incurable, so the fatal effects of their displeasure were neither to be avoided nor endured. These are the allusions involved in the address of the prophet, to the irreconcilable enemies of his nation: "Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken; for out of the serpent's roots shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent," Isaiah 14:29 . Uzziah, the king of Judah, had subdued the Philistines; but taking advantage of the weak reign of Ahaz, they again invaded the kingdom of Judea, and reduced some cities in the southern part of the country under their dominion. On the death of Ahaz, Isaiah delivers this prophecy, threatening them with a more severe chastisement from the hand of Hezekiah, the grandson of Uzziah, by whose victorious arms they had been reduced to sue for peace; which he accomplished, when "he smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and the borders thereof," 2 Kings 18:8 . Uzziah, therefore, must be meant by the rod that smote them, and by the serpent from whom should spring the fiery flying serpent, that is, Hezekiah, a much more terrible enemy than even Uzziah had been. But the symbol of regal power which the oriental kings preferred to all others, was the basilisk. This fact is attested by its Arabian name melecha, from the Hebrew verb malach, "to reign;" from its Greek name βασιλισκος , and its Latin name regulus: all of which, it is asserted, referred to the conspicuous place it occupied among the regal ornaments of the east. The basilisk is of a reddish colour, and its head is decorated with a crest in the form of a crown; it is not entirely prostrate, like other serpents, but moves along with its head and half the body erect; the other parts sweep the ground behind, And wind its spacious back in rolling spires.
All the other species of serpents are said to acknowledge the superiority of the real or the fabled basilisk, by flying from its presence, and hiding themselves in the dust. It is also supposed to live longer than any other serpent; the ancient Heathens therefore pronounced it immortal, and placed it in the number of their deities; and because it had the dangerous power, in general belief, of killing with its pestiferous breath the strongest animals, it seemed to them invested with the power of life and death. It became, therefore, the favourite symbol of kings; and was employed by the prophet, to symbolize the great and good Hezekiah, with strict propriety.
2. The cerastes, or horned snake. The only allusion to this species of serpent in the sacred volume occurs in the valedictory predictions of Jacob, where he describes the character and actions of Dan and his posterity:
"Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder, שפיפון , in the path, that biteth the horse's heels, so that his rider shall fall backward," Genesis 49:17 . It is indisputably clear, that the patriarch intended some kind of serpent; for the circumstances will not apply to a freebooter watching for his prey. It only remains to investigate the species to which it belongs. The principal care of the Jewish writers is to ascertain the etymology of the name, about which their sentiments are much divided. The Arabian authors quoted by Bochart inform us, that the sephiphon, is a most pernicious reptile, and very dangerous to man. It is of a sandy colour, variegated with black and white spots. The particulars in the character of Dan, however, agree better with the cerastes, or horned snake, than with any other species of serpent. It lies in wait for passengers in the sand, or in the rut of the wheels on the highway. From its lurking place it treacherously bites the horse's heels, so that the rider falls backward, in consequence of the animal's hinder legs becoming almost immediately torpid by the dreadful activity of the poison. The cerastes is equally formidable to man and the lower animals; and the more dangerous, because it is not easy to distinguish him from the sand in which he lies; and he never spares the helpless traveller who unwarily comes within his reach. Like the cerastes, Dan was to excel in cunning and artifice, to prevail against his enemies rather by his policy in the cabinet than by his valour in the field.
3. The seraph, or fiery flying serpent, to a Biblical student, is one of the most interesting creatures that has yet been mentioned. It bears the name of an order among the hosts of heaven, whom Isaiah beheld in vision, placed above the throne of Jehovah in the temple; the brazen figure of this serpent is supposed to be a type of our blessed Redeemer, who was for our salvation lifted up upon the cross, as the serpent was elevated in the camp of Israel, for the preservation of that people. It is the only species of serpent which the almighty Creator has provided with wings, by means of which, instead of creeping or leaping, it rises from the ground, and leaning upon the extremity of its tail, moves with great velocity. It is a native of Egypt, and the deserts of Arabia; and receives its name from the Hebrew verb seraph, which signifies to burn, in allusion to the violent inflammation which its poison produces, or rather to its fiery colour, which the brazen serpent was intended to represent. Bochart is of opinion, that the seraph is the same as the hydrus, or, as Cicero calls it, the serpent of the waters. For, in the book of Isaiah, the land of Egypt is called the region from whence come the viper and flying seraph, or burning serpent. AElian says, they come from the deserts of Libya and Arabia, to inhabit the streams of the Nile; and that they have the form of the hydrus.
The existence of winged serpents is attested by many writers of modern times. A kind of snakes were discovered among the Pyrenees, from whose sides proceeded cartilages in the form of wings; and Scaliger mentions a peasant who killed a serpent of the same species which attacked him, and presented it to the king of France. Le Blanc, as quoted by Bochart, says, at the head of lake Chiamay are extensive woods and vast marshes, which it is very dangerous to approach, because they are infested with very large serpents, which, raised from the ground on wings resembling those of bats, and leaning on the extremity of their tails, move with great rapidity. They exist, it is reported, about these places in so great numbers that they have almost laid waste the neighbouring province. And, in the same work, Le Blanc affirms that he had seen some of them of immense size, which, when hungry, rushed impetuously on sheep and other tame animals. But the original term מעופפּ? does not always signify flying with wings; it often expresses vibration, swinging backward and forward, a tremulous motion, a fluttering; and this is precisely the motion of a serpent, when he springs from one tree to another. Niebuhr mentions a sort of serpent at Bassorah, which they call heie thiare. "They commonly keep upon the date trees; and as it would be laborious for them to come down from a very high tree, in order to ascend another, they twist themselves by the tail to a branch of the former, which, making a spring by the motion they give it, throws them to the branches of the second. Hence it is that the modern Arabs call them flying serpents, heie thiare. Admiral Anson also speaks of the flying serpents that he met with at the island of Quibo, but which were without wings." From this account it may be inferred, that the flying serpent mentioned in the prophet was of that species of serpents which, from their swift darting motion, the Greeks call aconitias, and the Romans, jaculus. The original phrase will bear another interpretation, which, perhaps, approaches still nearer the truth. The verb עופ sometimes means to sparkle, to emit coruscations of light. In this sense, the noun חעפה
frequently occurs in the sacred volume; thus Zophar says: "The coruscation, תעפה , shall be as the morning." The word in the verse under consideration may therefore refer to the ruddy colour of that serpent, and express the sparkling of the blazing sunbeams upon its scales, which are extremely brilliant.
4. The dragon. In Hebrew, the word תנין signifies either a dragon or a whale. As the name of a serpent, it frequently denotes one of any species; as when the rod of Moses is said to have been turned into a serpent, לתנין . But, in its more strict and appropriate application, it is the proper name of the dragon, which differs from the serpent chiefly in its size. "Three kinds of dragons were formerly distinguished in India.
1. Those of the hills and mountains.
2. Those of the valleys and caves.
3. Those of the fens and marshes.
The first is the largest, and covered with scales resplendent as burnished gold. They have a kind of beard hanging from their lower jaw, their aspect is frightful, their cry loud and shrill, their crest bright yellow, and they have a protuberance on their heads, as the colour of a burning coal. Those of the flat country are of a silver colour, and frequent rivers, to which the former never come. Those of the marshes are black, slow, and have no crest. Their bite is not venomous, though the creatures be dreadful." This description agrees in every particular with the boa, which is justly considered as the proper dragon. But so great is the inconsistency of the human mind, that the creature which is now an object of universal dislike was, in early times, honoured with religious worship by every nation of the earth. Rites were devised and temples built to its honour; and priests were appointed to conduct the ceremonies. These miserable idolaters appeared before the altars of their contemptible deity in gorgeous vestments, their heads adorned with serpents, or with the figures of serpents embroidered on their tiaras, when the creatures themselves were not to be had; and in their frantic exclamations cried out, in evident allusion to the triumph which the old serpent obtained over our first mother, Eva, Eva. So completely was Satan permitted to insult our fallen race, that the serpent, his chosen agent in accomplishing our ruin, was actually raised to the first place among the deities of the Heathen world, and reverenced by the most solemn acts of worship. The figure of the serpent adorned the portals of the proudest temples in the east.
The serpent was a very common symbol of the sun; and he is represented biting his tail, and with his body formed into a circle, in order to indicate the ordinary course of this luminary; and under this form it was an emblem of time and eternity. The serpent was also the symbol of medicine, and of the gods which presided over it, as of Apollo and AEsculapius. In most of the ancient rites we find some allusion to the serpent, under the several titles of Ob, Ops, Python, &c. This idolatry is alluded to by Moses, Leviticus 20:27 . The woman of Endor, who had a familiar spirit, is called Oub, or Ob, and it is interpreted Pythonissa: the place where she resided, says the learned Mr. Bryant, seems to have been named from the worship then instituted; for Endor is compounded of En-ador, and signifies fons pithonis, the "fountain of lights," the oracle of the god Ador; which oracle was probably founded by the Canaanites, and had never been totally suppressed. His pillar was also called Abbadir, or Abadir, compounded of ab and adir, and meaning the serpent deity Addir, the same as Adorus. In the orgies of Bacchus, the persons who partook of the ceremony, used to carry serpents in their hands, and with horrid screams call upon Eva! Eva! Eva being, according to the writer just mentioned, the same as epha, or opha, which the Greeks rendered ophis, and by it denoted a serpent, and containing no allusion to Eve, as above conjectured. These ceremonies, and this symbolic worship, began among the magi, who were the sons of Chus; and by them they were propagated in various parts. Wherever the Ammonians founded any places of worship, and introduced their rites, there was generally some story of a serpent. There was a legend about a serpent at Colchis, at Thebes, and at Delphi; and likewise in other places. The Greeks called Apollo himself Python, which is the same as Oupis, Opis, or Oub. In Egypt there was a serpent named Thermuthis, which was looked upon as very sacred; and the natives are said to have made use of it as a royal tiara, with which they ornamented the statues of Isis. The kings of Egypt wore high bonnets, terminating in a round ball, and surrounded with figures of asps; and the priests likewise had the representation of serpents upon their bonnets. Abadon, or Abaddon, mentioned in the Revelation 9:11 , is supposed by Mr. Bryant to have been the name of the Ophite god, with whose worship the world had been so long infected. This worship began among the people of Chaldea, who built the city of Ophis upon the Tigris, and were greatly addicted to divination, and to the worship of the serpent. From Chaldea the worship passed into Egypt, where the serpent deity was called Canoph, Caneph, and C'neph; it also had the name of Ob, or Oub, and was the same as the Basiliscus, or royal serpent, the same as the Thermuthis, and made use of by way of ornament to the statues of their gods. Thee chief deity of Egypt is said to have been Vulcan, who was styled Opas; he was the same as Osiris, the sun, and hence was often called Ob-el, or Pytho, sol; and there were pillars sacred to him, with curious hieroglyphical inscriptions bearing the same name, whence among the Greeks, who copied from the Egyptians, every thing gradually tapering to a point was styled obelos, or obeliscus. As the worship of the serpent began among the sons of Chus, Mr. Bryant conjectures that from thence they were denominated Ethiopians and Aithiopians, from Ath-ope, or Ath-opes, the god whom they worshipped, and not from their complexion: the Ethiopes brought these rites into Greece, and called the island where they first established them, Ellopia, Solis Serpentis insula, the stone with Euboea, or Oubaia, that is, the Serpent Island. The same learned writer discovers traces of the serpent worship among the Hyperboreans, at Rhodes, named Ophiusa, in Phrygia, and upon the Hellespont, in the island Cyprus, in Crete, among the Athenians, in the name of Cecrops, among the natives of Thebes in Boeotia, among the Lacedaemonians, in Italy, in Syria, &c, and in the names of many places, as well as the people where the Ophites settled. One of the most early heresies introduced into the Christian church was that of the Ophitae, who introduced serpents emblematically among their rites.
This is seen in many of the medals, the relics of Gnosticism which are still preserved.
The form assumed by the tempter when he seduced our first parents, has been handed down in the traditions of most ancient nations; and, though animals of the serpent tribe were very generally worshipped by the Pagans, as symbols of the Agathodemon; they were likewise viewed as types or figures of the evil principle.
1. One of the most remarkable accounts of the primeval tempter under the shape of a serpent occurs in the Zend-Avesta of the ancient Persians.
2. To the dracontian Ahriman of the Persians, the malignant serpent caliya of Hindoo theology appears to be very closely allied. He is represented, at least, as the decided enemy of the mediatorial god; whom he persecutes with the utmost virulence, though he is finally vanquished by his celestial adversary.
3. The serpent typhon of the Egyptians, who is sometimes identified with the ocean, because the deluge was esteemed the work of the evil principle; and the serpent python of the Greeks, who is evidently the same as the monster typhon; appear to have similarly originated, in the first instance, from some remembrance of the form which Satan assumed when in paradise. Perhaps also the notion, that python was oracular,—a notion which caused the so frequent use of serpents in the rites of divination, may have sprung from a recollection of the vocal responses which the tempter gave to Eve under the borrowed figure of that reptile.
4. We may still ascribe to the same source that rebellious serpent whose treason seems to have been so well remembered among the inhabitants of Syria. Pherecydes, a native of that country, bestows upon him the Greek name of ophioneus, or the "serpent god;" which, in fact, is a mere translation of the Syriac or Chaldaic nachash. He represents him as being the prince of those evil spirits who contended with the supreme god Cronus, and who in consequence were ejected from heaven. Their happiness being thus justly forfeited, they were henceforth plunged in the depths of Tartarus, hateful and mutually hating each other. From Syria and the east the legend passed into Greece, mingled, however, with allusions to the deluge.
5. The same evil being, in the same form, appears again in the mythology of the Goths or Scythians. We are told by the ancient Scalds, that the bad principle, whom they denominate loke, unites great personal beauty with a malignant and inconstant nature: and he is described as surpassing all creatures in the depth of his cunning and the artfulness of his perfidy. Here the pristine glory and majesty of Satan, before the lineaments of celestial beauty were defaced by his rebellious apostasy, seem not obscurely to be alluded to; while the craft and malevolence, which mark his character as a fallen angel, are depicted with sufficient accuracy.
The most remarkable corroboration, however, of the Mosaic history is to be found in those fables which involve the mythological serpent, and in the worship which was so generally offered to him throughout the world. The worship of the serpent may be traced in almost every religion throughout ancient Asia, Europe, Africa, America. But how an object of abhorrence could have been exalted into an object of veneration, must be referred to the subtlety of the arch enemy himself, whose constant endeavour has been rather to corrupt than obliterate the true faith, that, in the perpetual conflict between truth and error, the mind of man might be more surely confounded and debased. Among other devices, that of elevating himself into an object of adoration, has ever been the most cherished. It was that which he proposed to our Lord: "All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me." We cannot, therefore, wonder that the same being who had the presumption to make this proposal to the Son of God, should have had the address to insinuate himself into the worship of the children of men. In this he was unhappily but too well seconded by the natural tendency of human corruption. The unenlightened Heathen, in obedience to the voice of nature, acknowledged his dependence upon a superior being. His reason assured him that there must be a God; his conscience assured him that God was good; but he felt and acknowledged the prevalence of evil, and attributed it naturally to an evil agent. But as the evil spirit, to his unillumined mind, seemed as omnipotent as the good agent, he worshipped both; the one, that he might propitiate his kindness; the other, that he might avert his displeasure. The great point of devil worship being gained, namely, the acknowledgment of the evil spirit as God, the transition to idolatry became easy. The mind, once darkened by the admission of an allegiance divided between God and Satan, became gradually more feeble and superstitious, until at length sensible objects were called in to aid the weakness of degraded intellect; and from their first form as symbols, passed rapidly through the successive stages of apotheosis, until they were elevated into gods. Of these the most remarkable was the serpent; upon the basis of tradition, regarded, first as the symbol of the malignant being; subsequently considered talismanic and oracular; and lastly, venerated and worshipped as divine.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Serpent, Brazen
This was a figure of a serpent, called above the seraph, which Moses caused to be put on the top of a pole, Numbers 21:9 , that all those bitten by the serpent, who should look upon this image, might be healed. Our Saviour, in the Gospel of St. John 3:14 , declares, that "as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up," alluding to his own death, which, through faith, was to give life to the world. The brazen serpent was preserved among the Israelites down to the time of Hezekiah; who, being informed that the people paid a superstitious worship to it, had it broken in pieces, and by way of contempt gave it the name of Nehushtan, that is to say, a brazen bauble or trifle, 2 Kings 18:4 . See TYPE .
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Brazen Serpent
An image of polished brass, in the form of one of those fiery serpents which were sent to chastise the murmuring Israelites in the wilderness, and whose bite caused violent heat, thirst, and inflammation. By divine command "Moses made a serpent of brass," or copper, and "put it upon a pole; and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived," Numbers 21:6-9 .
This brazen serpent was preserved as a monument of the divine mercy, but in process of time became an instrument of idolatry. When this superstition began, it is difficult to determine; but the best account is given by the Jewish rabbi, David Kimchi, in the following manner: From the time that the kings of Israel did evil, and the children of Israel followed idolatry, till the reign of Hezekiah, they offered incense to it; for it being written in the law of Moses, "Whoever looketh upon it shall live," they fancied they might obtain blessings by its mediation, and therefore thought it worthy to be worshipped. It had been kept from the days of Moses, in memory of a miracle, in the same manner as the pot of manna was: and Asa and Jehoshaphat did not extirpate it when they rooted out idolatry, because in their reign they did not observe that the people worshipped this serpent, or burnt incense to it; and therefore they left it as a memorial. But Hezekiah thought fit to take it quite away, when he abolished other idolatry, because in the time of his father they adored it as an idol; and though pious people, among them accounted it only as a memorial of a wonderful work, yet he judged it better to abolish it, though the memory of the miracle should happen to be lost, than suffer it to remain, and leave the Israelites in danger to commit idolatry hereafter with it. On the subject of the serpent-bitten Israelites being healed by looking at the brazen serpent, there is a good comment in the book of Wisdom, chap. Numbers 16:4-12 , in which are these remarkable words:—"They were admonished, having a sign of salvation," that is, the brazen serpent, "to put them in remembrance of the commandments of thy law. For he that turned himself toward it, was not saved by the THINGS that he saw, but by THEE, that art the Saviour of all," Numbers 16:6-7 . To the circumstance of looking at the brazen serpent in order to be healed, our Lord refers, John 3:14-15 : "As Moses lifted up the (brazen) serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life."
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Serpent
Serpent. The serpent is a creature distinguished for its subtility, Genesis 3:1, and wisdom in avoiding danger, Matthew 10:16, as well as for the instinctive dread which it inspires in man and most animals. About one-sixth of all the species known are venomous. The devil is called "the serpent" and "the old serpent," Revelation 12:9; Revelation 12:14-15, probably in allusion to his subtility and malice, and also to the fact that in tempting our first parents to disobey God he employed a serpent or assumed the form of one. 2 Corinthians 11:3. We frequently find references in Scripture to serpent-charming. Psalms 58:4-5; Ecclesiastes 10:11; Jeremiah 8:17; James 3:7. This practice is still common in the east. Serpent-charmers carry enormous snakes, generally black, about them, allow them to crawl all over their persons and into their bosoms—always, however, with certain precautions, either necessary or pretended to be so. They repeatedly breathe strongly into the face of the serpent, and occasionally blow spittle or some medicated composition upon them. In Psalms 58:4-6, there is evidently an allusion to certain kinds of serpents which cannot be charmed. Such serpents there still are, which the charmer cannot subdue; and instances are related in which they have fallen victims to their daring attempts. When God punished the murmurs of the Israelites in the wilderness by sending among them serpents whose fiery bite was fetal, Moses, upon their repentance, was commanded to make a serpent of brass, whose polished surface shone like fire, and to set it up on the banner-pole in the midst of the people; and whoever was bitten by a serpent had but to look up at it and live. Numbers 21:4-9. This brazen serpent was a type of Christ: "As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life." John 3:14-15. To present the serpent form, as deprived of its power to hurt, impaled as the trophy of a conqueror, was to assert that evil, physical and spiritual, had been overcome, and thus help to strengthen the weak faith of the Israelites in a victory over both. The "fiery flying serpent" of Isaiah 30:6 has no relation to the "fiery" or "burning serpents" of Numbers 21:6; Numbers 21:8. The latter were so called from the "fiery" or burning nature of their bite or sting.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Serpent
An emblem of Satan and sin. The tempter appeared in that form to our first parents in Eden. In Christian art it is associated with
Blessed Virgin Mary where it is often placed beneath her feet: "the seed of the woman shall crush his head."
Saint Benedict of Nursia
Saint Christina of Bolsena
Saint Hilary
Saint Hilda of Whitby
Saint Honorat
Saint James of the Marches
Saint John the Evangelist
Saint Julius of Novara
Saint Luis Beltran
Saint Patrick
On the other hand, a serpent twined around a cross is an emblem of Our Lord, recalling the brazen serpent which Moses erected to cure the Israelites in the desert.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Brazen Serpent
An image in brass prepared by Moses, resembling the fiery serpents so destructive to Israel in the desert, and set up in the midst of the camp in the view of all, that whosoever would evince penitence, faith, and obedience by looking to it, might live, Numbers 21:6-9 . Our Savior has shown us that this was typical of himself and of salvation through hima gratuitous salvation, free to all, on the easy terms of faith and obedience, John 3:14,15 . The brazen serpent was long preserved, as a memorial of the gracious miracle wrought in connection with it; but being regarded as an object of worship, it was broken to pieces by king Hezekiah, as Nehushtana mere piece of brass, 2 Kings 18:4 .
King James Dictionary - Serpent
SER'PENT, n. L. serpens, creeping serpo, to creep.
1. An animal of the order of Serpentes, creepers, crawlers, Of the class of Amphibia. Serpents are amphibious animals, breathing through the mouth bymeans of lungs only having tapering bodies, without a distinct neck the jaws not articulated, but dilatable, and withour feet, fins or ears. Serpents move along the earth by a winding motion, and with the head elevated. Some species of them are viviparous, or rather ovi-viviparous others are oviparous and several species are venomous. 2. In astronomy, a constellation of the northern hemisphere, containing, according to the British catalogue, sixty-four stars. 3. An instrument of music, serving as a base to the cornet or small shawm, to sustain a chorus of singers in a large edifice. It is so called for its folds or wreaths. 4. Figuratively, a subtil or malicious person. 5. In mythology, a symbol of the sun.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Brazen Serpent
[1]
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Serpent
SERPENT.—The prevalence of serpents in ancient Palestine is illustrated by the fact that no fewer than 11 Heb. words are rendered ‘serpent’ in OT. Tristram (Nat. Hist. of Bible) states that 33 different species of serpent are still found in Syria. Of 18 varieties which he himself secured, 13 were innocuous and 4 deadly, including cobras and vipers. Naturally there are numerous references, in the OT, in the NT, and in Rabbinical literature, to serpents as well-known but generally disagreeable inhabitants of the country. So unpleasantly common were they, that it was regarded as one of the perpetual miracles of Jerusalem that no one was ever bitten by a serpent there. The references in the Gospels may conveniently be grouped under three heads.
1. In Matthew 10:16 our Lord charges His disciples, ‘Be ye wise as serpents’ (φρόνιμοι ὡς οἱ ὄφεις). There may be here a reference to Genesis 3:1 ‘the serpent was more subtil (עָרוּם) than any beast of the field.’ The Heb. word means ‘shrewd,’ and is used also in a good sense (cf. Proverbs 12:16; Proverbs 12:23), although the parallel root in Arabic suggests only a bad sense. It is probable, however, that our Lord refers to the well-known habits of the serpent, its ability to conceal itself in unexpected places, and to escape swiftly and silently in time of danger (cf. נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ ‘the swift serpent’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 , Job 26:13, Isaiah 27:1).
2. But the phrase which follows in Matthew 10:16 ‘and harmless (ἀκέραιοι) as doves,’ suggests that there was also in the mind of Jesus the equally well-known reputation of the serpent as a dangerous reptile; and this is borne out by other passages in the Gospels. Almost parallel are Mark 16:18 ‘they shall take up serpents,’ and Luke 10:19 ‘I give you power over serpents’; while the noxious and repulsive nature of the serpent is referred to in Matthew 7:10, Luke 11:11 ‘if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?’
In all the above passages, ὄφις, the generic name for a serpent, is used. But in Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7 we find ἔχιδνα, which probably means a poisonous serpent, and is rendered ‘viper’ both in Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 . In Matthew 23:33 Jesus employs both words to describe the Pharisees—ὄφεις, γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν, ‘serpents, offspring [1] of vipers’ (cf. Micah 7:17).
3. Very different is the passage John 3:14 ‘and as Moses lifted up the serpent (τὸν ὄφιν) in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,’ where the reference is to the plague of serpents among the Israelites in the wilderness and the miraculous cure, as recorded in Numbers 21:6-9. Full consideration of this passage, and of its relation to 2 Kings 18:4, does not fall within the scope of this article (see art. ‘Nehushtan’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible iii. 510b). It is interesting, however, to note, in connexion with John 3:14, that both passages in the OT have been regarded as pointing to serpent-worship in some form among the early Hebrews.
Literature.—On the symbolism of the serpent: Baudissin, Studien zur Semit. Religiongesch. i. 257–292; Nöldeke, ‘Die Schlange nach arab. [2] Volksglauben’ in Ztschr. f. Völkerpsychologie. On natural history: Tristram, Nat. Hist. of the Bible; O. Günther, Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien; Doughty, Arabia Deserta. See also Schultz, OT Theol. (English translation ) ii. 272; Sayce, Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia, pp. 208–214; Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible iv. 459.
G. Gordon Stott.

Sentence search

Brazen Serpent - BRAZEN Serpent . See Serpent [1]
Fiery Serpent - FIERY Serpent . See Serpent, Seraphim
Cockatrice - ) A venomous Serpent which which cannot now be identified. ) A fabulous Serpent whose breath and look were said to be fatal. ) A representation of this Serpent. It has the head, wings, and legs of a bird, and tail of a Serpent
Adder - natrix, a Serpent. ...
A venomous Serpent or viper, of several species
Serpent - Serpent. The Serpent is a creature distinguished for its subtility, Genesis 3:1, and wisdom in avoiding danger, Matthew 10:16, as well as for the instinctive dread which it inspires in man and most animals. The devil is called "the Serpent" and "the old Serpent," Revelation 12:9; Revelation 12:14-15, probably in allusion to his subtility and malice, and also to the fact that in tempting our first parents to disobey God he employed a Serpent or assumed the form of one. We frequently find references in Scripture to Serpent-charming. Serpent-charmers carry enormous snakes, generally black, about them, allow them to crawl all over their persons and into their bosoms—always, however, with certain precautions, either necessary or pretended to be so. They repeatedly breathe strongly into the face of the Serpent, and occasionally blow spittle or some medicated composition upon them. In Psalms 58:4-6, there is evidently an allusion to certain kinds of Serpents which cannot be charmed. Such Serpents there still are, which the charmer cannot subdue; and instances are related in which they have fallen victims to their daring attempts. When God punished the murmurs of the Israelites in the wilderness by sending among them Serpents whose fiery bite was fetal, Moses, upon their repentance, was commanded to make a Serpent of brass, whose polished surface shone like fire, and to set it up on the banner-pole in the midst of the people; and whoever was bitten by a Serpent had but to look up at it and live. This brazen Serpent was a type of Christ: "As Moses lifted up the Serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. To present the Serpent form, as deprived of its power to hurt, impaled as the trophy of a conqueror, was to assert that evil, physical and spiritual, had been overcome, and thus help to strengthen the weak faith of the Israelites in a victory over both. The "fiery flying Serpent" of Isaiah 30:6 has no relation to the "fiery" or "burning Serpents" of Numbers 21:6; Numbers 21:8
Irnahash - ("serpent city". Perhaps a trace of primitive Serpent worship
Cockatrice - An old English word of obscure origin, used by our translators to designate the Hebrew Tzepha, or Tsiphoni, a Serpent of a highly venomous character, Isaiah 14:29 59:5 Jeremiah 8:17 . See Serpent
Shephuphan - Serpent
Dragon - A kind of winged Serpent, much celebrated in the romances of the middle ages. A fiery, shooting meteor, or imaginary Serpent. In Scripture, dragon seems sometimes to signify a large marine fish or Serpent, Isaiah 27 . ...
Sometimes it seems to signify a venomous land Serpent. ...
It is often used for the devil, who is called the old Serpent
Nahash - Snake; Serpent
Serpent - The form under which Satan "the old Serpent" tempted Eve (Revelation 12:9; 2 Corinthians 11:3). The Serpent being known as subtle, Eve was not surprised at his speaking, and did not suspect a spiritual foe. The "cunning craftiness, lying in wait to deceive," marks the particular Serpent rather than the Serpent order generally. The Serpent cannot be classed physically with the behemoth, the pachyderm and ruminant animals; "the Serpent was crafty above every behemoth in the field" (Genesis 3:1); nor physically is the Serpent "cursed above others"; it must be Satan who is meant. Poisonous: Psalms 58:4; Psalms 140:3, "they have sharpened their tongues" to give a deadly wound, "like a Serpent" (Psalms 64:3). Their wonderful motion is effected by the vertebral column and the multitudinous ribs which form so many pairs of levers, enabling them to advance (Proverbs 30:19); the Serpent, though without feet or wings, trails along the rock (stony places being its favorite resort) wheresoever it will, leaving no impression of its way, light, gliding without noise, quick, and the mode unknown to us. ...
The curse in Genesis 3:14 is mainly on Satan, but subordinately on the Serpent his tool; just as the ox that gored a man was to be killed, so the Serpent should suffer in his trailing on the belly and being the object of man's disgust and enmity. In Numbers 21:4-9 the "fiery (causing inflammation by the bite) flying Serpent" is the naja , which has the power of raising and bringing forward the ribs under excitement, so as to stretch the skin wing-like into a broad thin flattened disc, three or four times the width of the neck in repose, and then dart at its prey. Hindu mythology represents Krishna first as bitten in the foot, then as finally crushing the Serpent's head beneath his feet; evidently a tradition from Genesis 3:15
Asp - pethen ), translated ( adder in) ( Psalm 58:4 ; 91:13 ) Probably the Egyptian cobra, a small and very poisonous Serpent, a dweller in the holes of walls, (Isaiah 11:8 ) and a snake upon which the Serpent-charmers practiced their art
Viper - See Serpent
Brasen Serpent - See Bronze Serpent
Basilisk - See Serpent
Cockatrice - See Serpent
Serpent, Bronze - See Bronze Serpent
Serpent of Brass - See Bronze Serpent
Adder - See Serpent
Asp - See Serpent
Bronze Serpent - Moses made a bronze Serpent and set it on a pole in the middle of the Israelite camp (Numbers 21:1 ). God had told Moses to do this so the Israelites bitten by Serpents could express their faith by looking at it and be healed. The need for the Serpent came in one of the times Israel murmured against God and Moses. God sent Serpents among them, therefore, to punish the people. The Serpents' bites were deadly, but God relented and chose to provide a way for rescue if those bitten would accept it. The bronze Serpent was God's way. ...
Nothing more is known of the bronze Serpent until it is mentioned again in 2 Kings 18:4 . Apparently, the bronze Serpent had become an object of worship as the Israelites burned incense to it. (Nehushtan is a combination of the Hebrew words for Serpent and for bronze. )...
Archaeological evidence from Mesopotamian and, more importantly, Canaanite sites reveals that the crawling Serpent was a symbol of the fertility of the soil. The Serpent was often represented associated with the fertility goddesses, the bull, the dove (life of the heavens), and water. ...
If the cultic Serpent retained in Israel the significance it had in other ancient Middle Eastern cults, and there is no cogent argument for assuming otherwise, it was a Canaanite symbol used to depict the Lord's power of fertility. This explains why the Israelites revered it, why Hezekiah (probably ancient Judah's best king) contemptuously called it “a Serpent-shaped piece of bronze,” and why he destroyed it. There, in His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus compared His own purpose with that of the bronze Serpent. The Serpent, lifted up in the wilderness, had been God's chosen way to provide physical healing. As the Serpent gave life in the wilderness, Jesus gives spiritual life. Faith was necessary to look at the Serpent and be healed; faith is necessary to receive the healing (salvation) Jesus gives
Brazen Serpent - See Serpent OF BRASS
Horned Snake - See Serpent
Nehushtan - See Serpent (Brazen)
Basilisk - (In RSV, Isaiah 11:8 ; 14:29 ; 59:5 ; Jeremiah 8:17 ), the "king Serpent," as the name imports; a fabulous Serpent said to be three spans long, with a spot on its head like a crown
Serpentinians - Or OPHITES, heretics in the second century, so called from the veneration they had for the Serpent that tempted Eve, and the worship paid to a real Serpent: they pretended that the Serpent was Jesus Christ, and that he taught men the knowledge of good and evil. It is said they had a live Serpent, which they kept in a kind of cage: at certain times they opened the cage-door, and called the Serpent: the animal came out, and, mounting upon the table, twined itself about some loaves of bread
Serpenting - ) of Serpent...
Asp - See Serpent
Serpentine - ) Resembling a Serpent; having the shape or qualities of a Serpent; subtle; winding or turning one way and the other, like a moving Serpent; anfractuous; meandering; sinuous; zigzag; as, Serpentine braid. ) To Serpentize. It is usually of an obscure green color, often with a spotted or mottled appearance resembling a Serpent's skin. Precious, or noble, Serpentine is translucent and of a rich oil-green color
Ophiomorphous - ) Having the form of a Serpent
Serpent, Brazen - Serpent, BRAZEN . Numbers 21:4-9 relates that Moses was commanded by God to make a Serpent of brass (or rather, of bronze) and to set it upon a standard (RV [1] ), that those who had been bitten by the Serpents might look on it and be healed. In the absence of a direct statement we cannot say whether it was Jahweh who was worshipped under the form of the bronze Serpent of 2 Kings 18:4 the Nehushtan , or piece of bronze, as it was called. There are traces of Serpent-worship in Israel ( 1 Kings 1:9 Zoheleth = ‘snake’; Nehemiah 2:13 ). The two points of comparison present to our Lord’s mind in John 3:14 are (1) the lifting up of the Serpent on the pole and Himself on the Cross, and (2) the voluntary looking of the Hebrews to the Serpent for the verb employed means more than simply seeing and the faith of believers (see Sir 16:5-7 )
Serpent - The poisonous character of the Serpent is alluded to in Jacob's blessing on Dan (Genesis 49:17 ; see Proverbs 30:18,19 ; James 3:7 ; Jeremiah 8:17 ). ...
The Serpent is first mentioned in connection with the history of the temptation and fall of our first parents (Genesis 3 ). It has been well remarked regarding this temptation: "A real Serpent was the agent of the temptation, as is plain from what is said of the natural characteristic of the Serpent in the first verse of the chapter (3:1), and from the curse pronounced upon the animal itself. But that Satan was the actual tempter, and that he used the Serpent merely as his instrument, is evident (1) from the nature of the transaction; for although the Serpent may be the most subtle of all the beasts of the field, yet he has not the high intellectual faculties which the tempter here displayed
Serpent - SERPENT. —The prevalence of Serpents in ancient Palestine is illustrated by the fact that no fewer than 11 Heb. words are rendered ‘serpent’ in OT. of Bible) states that 33 different species of Serpent are still found in Syria. Naturally there are numerous references, in the OT, in the NT, and in Rabbinical literature, to Serpents as well-known but generally disagreeable inhabitants of the country. So unpleasantly common were they, that it was regarded as one of the perpetual miracles of Jerusalem that no one was ever bitten by a Serpent there. In Matthew 10:16 our Lord charges His disciples, ‘Be ye wise as Serpents’ (φρόνιμοι ὡς οἱ ὄφεις). There may be here a reference to Genesis 3:1 ‘the Serpent was more subtil (עָרוּם) than any beast of the field. It is probable, however, that our Lord refers to the well-known habits of the Serpent, its ability to conceal itself in unexpected places, and to escape swiftly and silently in time of danger (cf. נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ ‘the swift Serpent’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 , Job 26:13, Isaiah 27:1). But the phrase which follows in Matthew 10:16 ‘and harmless (ἀκέραιοι) as doves,’ suggests that there was also in the mind of Jesus the equally well-known reputation of the Serpent as a dangerous reptile; and this is borne out by other passages in the Gospels. Almost parallel are Mark 16:18 ‘they shall take up Serpents,’ and Luke 10:19 ‘I give you power over Serpents’; while the noxious and repulsive nature of the Serpent is referred to in Matthew 7:10, Luke 11:11 ‘if he ask a fish, will he give him a Serpent?’...
In all the above passages, ὄφις, the generic name for a Serpent, is used. But in Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7 we find ἔχιδνα, which probably means a poisonous Serpent, and is rendered ‘viper’ both in Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 . In Matthew 23:33 Jesus employs both words to describe the Pharisees—ὄφεις, γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν, ‘serpents, offspring [1] of vipers’ (cf. Very different is the passage John 3:14 ‘and as Moses lifted up the Serpent (τὸν ὄφιν) in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,’ where the reference is to the plague of Serpents among the Israelites in the wilderness and the miraculous cure, as recorded in Numbers 21:6-9. It is interesting, however, to note, in connexion with John 3:14, that both passages in the OT have been regarded as pointing to Serpent-worship in some form among the early Hebrews. —On the symbolism of the Serpent: Baudissin, Studien zur Semit
Serpent - SERPENT. —The prevalence of Serpents in ancient Palestine is illustrated by the fact that no fewer than 11 Heb. words are rendered ‘serpent’ in OT. of Bible) states that 33 different species of Serpent are still found in Syria. Naturally there are numerous references, in the OT, in the NT, and in Rabbinical literature, to Serpents as well-known but generally disagreeable inhabitants of the country. So unpleasantly common were they, that it was regarded as one of the perpetual miracles of Jerusalem that no one was ever bitten by a Serpent there. In Matthew 10:16 our Lord charges His disciples, ‘Be ye wise as Serpents’ (φρόνιμοι ὡς οἱ ὄφεις). There may be here a reference to Genesis 3:1 ‘the Serpent was more subtil (עָרוּם) than any beast of the field. It is probable, however, that our Lord refers to the well-known habits of the Serpent, its ability to conceal itself in unexpected places, and to escape swiftly and silently in time of danger (cf. נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ ‘the swift Serpent’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 , Job 26:13, Isaiah 27:1). But the phrase which follows in Matthew 10:16 ‘and harmless (ἀκέραιοι) as doves,’ suggests that there was also in the mind of Jesus the equally well-known reputation of the Serpent as a dangerous reptile; and this is borne out by other passages in the Gospels. Almost parallel are Mark 16:18 ‘they shall take up Serpents,’ and Luke 10:19 ‘I give you power over Serpents’; while the noxious and repulsive nature of the Serpent is referred to in Matthew 7:10, Luke 11:11 ‘if he ask a fish, will he give him a Serpent?’...
In all the above passages, ὄφις, the generic name for a Serpent, is used. But in Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7 we find ἔχιδνα, which probably means a poisonous Serpent, and is rendered ‘viper’ both in Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 . In Matthew 23:33 Jesus employs both words to describe the Pharisees—ὄφεις, γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν, ‘serpents, offspring [1] of vipers’ (cf. Very different is the passage John 3:14 ‘and as Moses lifted up the Serpent (τὸν ὄφιν) in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,’ where the reference is to the plague of Serpents among the Israelites in the wilderness and the miraculous cure, as recorded in Numbers 21:6-9. It is interesting, however, to note, in connexion with John 3:14, that both passages in the OT have been regarded as pointing to Serpent-worship in some form among the early Hebrews. —On the symbolism of the Serpent: Baudissin, Studien zur Semit
Serpent-Tongued - ) Having a forked tongue, like a Serpent
Aboma - ) A large South American Serpent (Boa aboma)
Ophite - ) A mamber of a Gnostic Serpent-worshiping sect of the second century. ) Of or pertaining to a Serpent
Leviathan - In Isaiah, it is called the crooked Serpent. It is not agreed what animal is intended by the writers, whether the crocodile, the whale, or a species of Serpent
Serpent, Brazen - This was a figure of a Serpent, called above the seraph, which Moses caused to be put on the top of a pole, Numbers 21:9 , that all those bitten by the Serpent, who should look upon this image, might be healed. John 3:14 , declares, that "as Moses lifted up the Serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up," alluding to his own death, which, through faith, was to give life to the world. The brazen Serpent was preserved among the Israelites down to the time of Hezekiah; who, being informed that the people paid a superstitious worship to it, had it broken in pieces, and by way of contempt gave it the name of Nehushtan, that is to say, a brazen bauble or trifle, 2 Kings 18:4
Anguine - ) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a snake or Serpent
Serpens - ) A constellation represented as a Serpent held by Serpentarius
Cobra de Capello - The hooded snake (Naia tripudians), a highly venomous Serpent inhabiting India
Arrowsnake - See Owl, Serpent
Cockatrice - A Serpent imagined to proceed from a cocks egg
Serpent - The Hebrew word nachash is the generic name of any Serpent. The following are the principal biblical allusions to this animal its subtlety is mentioned in ( Genesis 3:1 ) its wisdom is alluded to by our Lord in (Matthew 10:18 ) the poisonous properties of some species are often mentioned, see (Psalm 58:4 ; Proverbs 25:32 ) the sharp tongue of the Serpent is mentioned in (Psalm 140:3 ; Job 20:16 ) the habit Serpents have of lying concealed in hedges and in holes of walls is alluded to in (Ecclesiastes 10:8 ) their dwelling in dry sandy places, in (8:10) their wonderful mode of progression did not escape the observation of the author of (Proverbs 30:1 ) . The art of taming and charming Serpents is of great antiquity, and is alluded to in (Psalm 58:5 ; Ecclesiastes 10:11 ; Jeremiah 8:17 ) and doubtless intimated by St. James, (James 3:7 ) who particularizes Serpents among all other animals that "have been tamed by man. " It was under the form of a Serpent that the devil seduced Eve; hence in Scripture Satan is called "the old Serpent. 2 Corinthians 11:3 Hence, as a fruit of the tradition of the Fall, the Serpent all through the East became the emblem of the spirit of evil, and is so pictured even on the monuments of Egypt. It has been supposed by many commentators that the Serpent, prior to the Fall, moved along in an erect attitude. It is quite clear that an erect mode of progression is utterly incompatible with the structure of a Serpent; consequently, had the snakes before the Fall moved in an erect attitude they must have been formed on a different plan altogether. The typical form of the Serpent and its mode of progression were in all probability the same before: the Fall as after it; but subsequent to the Fall its form and progression were to be regarded with hatred and disgust by all mankind, and thus the animal was cursed above all cattle," and a mark of condemnation was forever stamped upon it. Serpents are said in Scripture to "eat dust," see ( Genesis 3:14 ; Isaiah 65:25 ; Micah 7:17 ) these animals which for the most part take their food on the ground, do consequently swallow with it large portions of sand and dust. Throughout the East the Serpent was used as an emblem of the evil principle, of the spirit of disobedience and contumacy. Much has been written on the question of the "fiery Serpents" of (Numbers 21:6,8 ) with which it is usual to erroneously identify the "fiery flying Serpent" of (Isaiah 14:29 ) and Isai 30:6 The word "fiery" probably signifies "burning," in allusion to the sensation produced by the bite. The Cerastes , or the Naia haje , or any other venomous species frequenting Arabia, may denote the "serpent of the burning bite" which destroyed the children of Israel. (See also ADDER ; ASP ] When God punished the murmurs of the Israelites in the wilderness by sending among them Serpents whose fiery bite was fatal, Moses, upon their repentance, was commanded to make a Serpent of brass, whose polished surface shone like fire, and to set it up on the banner-pole in the midst of the people; and whoever was bitten by a Serpent had but to look up at it and live. To present the Serpent form, as deprived of its power to hurt, impaled as the trophy of a conqueror was to assert that evil, physical and spiritual, had been overcome, and thus help to strengthen the weak faith of the Israelites in a victory over both. Others look upon the uplifted Serpent as a symbol of life and health, it having been so worshipped in Egypt. The two views have a point of contact, for the Serpent is wisdom . Wisdom, yielding to the divine law, is the source of healing and restoring influences, and the Serpent form thus became a symbol of deliverance and health; and the Israelites were taught that it would be so with them in proportion as they ceased to be sensual and rebellious. Preserved as a relic, whether on the spot of its first erection or elsewhere the brazen Serpent, called by the name of Nehushtan , became an object of idolatrous veneration, and the zeal of Hezekiah destroyed it with the other idols of his father
Nehush'Tan - (a thing of brass ), the name by which the brazen Serpent made by Moses in the wilderness, ( Numbers 21:9 ) was worshipped in the time of Hezekiah. (2 Kings 18:4 ) It is evident that our translators by their rendering "and he called it Nehushtan" understood that the subject of the sentence is Hezekiah and that when he destroyed the brazen Serpent he gave it the name Nehushtan "a brazen thing" in token of his utter contempt. But it is better to understand the Hebrew as referring to the name by which the Serpent was generally known, the subject of the verb being indefinite-- "and one called it 'Nehushtan
Bom - ) A large American Serpent, so called from the sound it makes
Astrostege - ) One of the large scales on the belly of a Serpent
Serpent, Brazen - " The brazen Serpent typified the Son of man, in that...
(1) the brazen Serpent had the form without the venom of the deadly Serpent; just as Jesus was "in the likeness of sinful flesh" yet "without sin" (Romans 8:3), "made sin for us" though He "knew no sin" (2 Corinthians 5:21); the brazen Serpent seemed the most unlikely means of curing the Serpents' bites; so the condemned One seemed most unlikely to save the condemned. ...
(2) The brazen Serpent lifted up on the pole so as to be visible with its bright brass (which also is typical: Revelation 1:15) to the remotest Israelite answers to Jesus "evidently set forth before the eyes, crucified" (Galatians 3:1), so that "all the ends of the earth" by "looking unto" Him may "be saved" (Isaiah 45:22), "lifted up from the earth," and so "drawing all men unto Him" (John 12:32-34). The Serpent form, impaled as the trophy of the conqueror, implies evil, temporal and spiritual, overcome. Wisdom (of which the Serpent is the symbol) obeying God is the source of healing; as wisdom severed from God envenoms and degrades man. Moses' Serpent rod was the instrument of power overcoming the magicians' Serpents (Exodus 7:10-12)
Nahash - (See 1 Samuel 11:1 and 2 Samuel 17:27) And there was a third, Nahash, father of Abigail, (2 Samuel 17:25) it is somewhat singular to find persons of this name, for it is derived from Nachash, Serpent. And so the Serpent is called, Genesis 3:1
Brazen Serpent - An image of polished brass, in the form of one of those fiery Serpents which were sent to chastise the murmuring Israelites in the wilderness, and whose bite caused violent heat, thirst, and inflammation. By divine command "Moses made a Serpent of brass," or copper, and "put it upon a pole; and it came to pass, that if a Serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the Serpent of brass, he lived," Numbers 21:6-9 . ...
This brazen Serpent was preserved as a monument of the divine mercy, but in process of time became an instrument of idolatry. It had been kept from the days of Moses, in memory of a miracle, in the same manner as the pot of manna was: and Asa and Jehoshaphat did not extirpate it when they rooted out idolatry, because in their reign they did not observe that the people worshipped this Serpent, or burnt incense to it; and therefore they left it as a memorial. On the subject of the Serpent-bitten Israelites being healed by looking at the brazen Serpent, there is a good comment in the book of Wisdom, chap. Numbers 16:4-12 , in which are these remarkable words:—"They were admonished, having a sign of salvation," that is, the brazen Serpent, "to put them in remembrance of the commandments of thy law. To the circumstance of looking at the brazen Serpent in order to be healed, our Lord refers, John 3:14-15 : "As Moses lifted up the (brazen) Serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life
Elops - ) A mythical Serpent
Basilisk - ) A large piece of ordnance, so called from its supposed resemblance to the Serpent of that name, or from its size. ) A fabulous Serpent, or dragon. The ancients alleged that its hissing would drive away all other Serpents, and that its breath, and even its look, was fatal
Urostege - ) One of the plates on the under side of the tail of a Serpent
Culverin - ) A long cannon of the 16th century, usually an 18-pounder with Serpent-shaped handles
Dragon - (Greek: drakon, Serpent) ...
In the Old Testament, especially in the Psalms, a designation for some very large sea animal (Psalms 103) or a Serpent (Psalms 90). In the Apocalypse, 12, the chieftain of the host of fallen angels fights with Michael and his angels, and the dragon is defeated, "that old Serpent who is called the devil and Satan
Boa Constrictor - A large and powerful Serpent of tropical America, sometimes twenty or thirty feet long
Adder - ) A Serpent. ) A small venomous Serpent of the genus Vipera
Adder - ) A Serpent. ) A small venomous Serpent of the genus Vipera
Dipsas - ) A Serpent whose bite was fabled to produce intense thirst
Ophiuchus - ) A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere, delineated as a man holding a Serpent in his hands; - called also Serpentarius
Ophism - ) Serpent worship or the use of Serpents as magical agencies
Ophidian - ) One of the Ophidia; a snake or Serpent. ) Of or pertaining to the Ophidia; belonging to Serpents
Cobra - NIV, NAS translate Hebrew pethen as “cobra,” while other translations use “serpent,” “asp,” or “adder
Serpent - 1: ὄφις (Strong's #3789 — Noun Masculine — ophis — of'-is ) the characteristics of the "serpent" as alluded to in Scripture are mostly evil (though Matthew 10:16 refers to its caution in avoiding danger); its treachery, Genesis 49:17 ; 2 Corinthians 11:3 ; its venom, Psalm 58:4 ; 1 Corinthians 10:9 ; Revelation 9:19 ; its skulking, Job 26:13 ; its murderous proclivities, e. Its characteristics are concentrated in the archadversary of God and man, the Devil, metaphorically described as the Serpent, 2 Corinthians 11:3 ; Revelation 12:9,14,15 ; 20:2 . The brazen "serpent" lifted up by Moses was symbolical of the means of salvation provided by God, in Christ and His vicarious death under the Divine judgment upon sin, John 3:14 . While the living "serpent" symbolizes sin in its origin, hatefulness, and deadly effect, the brazen "serpent" symbolized the bearing away of the curse and the judgement of sin; the metal was itself figurative of the righteousness of God's judgment. ...
2: ἑρπετόν (Strong's #2062 — Noun Neuter — herpeton — her-pet-on' ) "a creeping thing" (from herpo, "to creep"), "a reptile," is rendered "serpents" in James 3:7 , AV (RV, "creeping things," as elsewhere)
ir'Nahash - (serpent city ), a name which, like many other names of places, occurs in the genealogical lists of Judah
Eve - Seduced by the Serpent to eat from the Tree of Knowledge
Fer-de-Lance - ) A large, venomous Serpent (Trigonocephalus lanceolatus) of Brazil and the West Indies
Zoheleth - Zoheleth (zô'he-lĕth), Serpent
Chava - Seduced by the Serpent to eat from the Tree of Knowledge
Serpentize - ) To turn or bend like a Serpent, first in one direction and then in the opposite; to meander; to wind; to Serpentine
Jararaca - ) A poisonous Serpent of Brazil (Bothrops jararaca), about eighteen inches long, and of a dusky, brownish color, variegated with red and black spots
Antipas - where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is" (the idol AEsculapius was worshipped there under the Serpent form); "and thou holdest fast My name, and hast not denied My faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. " Satan, the old Serpent, instigated the idol's devotees, through the magistrates at Pergamos, to slay Antipas
Ambrosian Basilica - The golden altar-frontal dates from 835; and the brazen Serpent on a column in the nave was brought from Constantinople, c. 1001,under the supposition that it was the Serpent erected by Moses in the desert
Basilica, Ambrosian - The golden altar-frontal dates from 835; and the brazen Serpent on a column in the nave was brought from Constantinople, c. 1001,under the supposition that it was the Serpent erected by Moses in the desert
Uraeus - ) A Serpent, or Serpent's head and neck, represented on the front of the headdresses of divinities and sovereigns as an emblem of supreme power
Oboth - Bottles, an encampment of the Israelites during the wanderings in the wilderness (Numbers 33:43 ), the first after the setting up of the brazen Serpent
Serpent - The interesting circumstance as related in the very opening of the Bible concerning the subtlety of the Serpent, and the direct application of it to the devil, renders it a subject of peculiar importance in a work of this kind that it should be noticed. ...
I do not mean, however, by what I have said, to enter into all the wonderful relations which we meet with in sacred record concerning the Serpent. It will be sufficient to all the purposes I mean to offer upon the subject, to observe that the Great and Almighty Author of Scripture hath in many places plainly declared that by the Serpent is intended the devil, yea, the devil is expressly called the old Serpent. (See Job 26:13; Isaiah 27:1)...
The whole tenor of Scripture, therefore being directed to set forth the devil under this image and figure of the Serpent, there appears a beautiful analogy between the brazen Serpent lifted, up in the wilderness at the command of God, and the Lord Jesus lifted up on the cross for the salvation of his people by the same authority—and for this plain reason, because none but the Serpent of all the creatures in the creation of God was cursed; and therefore none but the Serpent among the creatures of God could be the suitable type or figure to represent Christ when redeeming, his people from the curse of the law, "being made a curse for them. " And as the simple act of faith in the Israelite in the wilderness, when beholding the brazen Serpent as typical of Christ, became the sole means of recovery when dying under the effects of the Serpent's poison in the old dispensation, so the simple act of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ becomes the sole cause of salvation when dying under the consequences of sin and Satan under the New. ...
I have thought it worth while to be the more particular on this point, not because there is the least question to be made of our Lord's own illustration of this subject, but because some doubts have arisen whether it was truly a Serpent which beguiled Eve, or some other creature. But while the uniform testimony of Scripture is with this subject, and the devil is continually called by the name of Serpent through the whole of the Bible, and while the faithful in all ages have, without a single instance of departure, received no other idea, it should seem the safest method to accept the good old way of translation, assured that if the fact had not been so, God the Holy Ghost would have taught the church accordingly. ...
The objection arising from the Serpent's being endowed with speech and reined in conversing with our first mother, and persuading her by argument, is no more in reality an objection than that of the ass possessing both in the instance of Balaam's history. ...
I cannot help making a farther remark, that the Hebrew name for Serpent (Nechash) is the general name used throughout the whole Scripture. Parkhurst in his Lexicon, page 390, that the reason for which Moses in the wilderness when commanded to make the figure of a fiery Serpent, made it of brass or copper, was not only because it was the nearest in resemblance to the colour of the Serpent, but also from the noxious qualities of poison in it. And in the present case it is observable that copper is not only of a Serpentine colour, but resembles those noxious animals in its destructive properties, being in all its preparations accounted poisonous. " All this is strikingly just upon the presumption that the word (Nechash) he rendered, as it hath uniformly been rendered, Serpent, by all the translators of the Bible for centuries; but, if another beast of the field be substituted the beauty in the resemblance, is lost. ...
It is worthy of farther remark, in confirmation, that the church all along considered the word (Nechash,) which is rendered in our translation Serpent, to have been uniformly connected with the idea of this beast; for we find, in the days of Hezekiah, that in his removing the brazen Serpent which Moses had made, and calling it not immediately (Nechash,) but Nehushtan, thus playing upon the word, but still preserving the idea of the thing itself the good old king plainly, proved what the judgement of the church concerning it was in his day
Adder - A species of Serpent, more commonly called viper. The word adder is used five times in the Bible, as a translation of four different Serpents of the venomous sort. In Psalm 140:3 perhaps the tarantula, or some Serpent that strikes backwards
Uaco - ) A plant (Aristolochia anguicida) of Carthagena, used as an antidote to Serpent bites
Viper - (See ADDER; Serpent
Adder - Serpents are without tympanic cavity and external openings to the ear. The deaf adder is not some particular species; but whereas a Serpent's comparative deafness made it more amenable to those sounds it could hear, in some instances it was deaf because it would not hear (Jeremiah 8:17; Ecclesiastes 10:11). ...
(3) Τziphoni, translated adder only in Proverbs 23:32; "at the last wine biteth like a Serpent, and stingeth like an adder," In Jeremiah 8:17 "cockatrices," from a root "to dart forward and hiss. " The Greek basilisk , fierce, deadly; distinct from the "serpent" (Hebrew, nachash ), Isaiah 14:29; oviparous (Isaiah 59:5); subterranean in habits (Isaiah 11:8). The charmers, by a particular pressure on the neck, can inflate the animal so that the Serpent becomes rigid, and can be held out horizontally as a rod. The Egyptian magicians perhaps thus used the haje species as their rod, and restored life to it by throwing it down; at least, so the Serpent charmers do at the present day. Shrill sounds, as the flute, are what Serpents can best discern, for their hearing is imperfect. Moses' really transformed rod swallowed their pretended rod, or Serpent, so conquering the symbol of Egypt's protecting deity. That the naja haie was the "fiery Serpent," or Serpent inflicting a burning bite, appears from the name Ras-om-Haye (Cape of the haje Serpents) in the locality where the Israelites were bitten (Numbers 21:6)
Nehushtan - Of copper; a brazen thing a name of contempt given to the Serpent Moses had made in the wilderness (Numbers 21:8 ), and which Hezekiah destroyed because the children of Israel began to regard it as an idol and "burn incense to it. " The lapse of nearly one thousand years had invested the "brazen Serpent" with a mysterious sanctity; and in order to deliver the people from their infatuation, and impress them with the idea of its worthlessness, Hezekiah called it, in contempt, "Nehushtan," a brazen thing, a mere piece of brass (2 Kings 18:4 )
Nehushtan - Brazen, a name given by Hezekiah king of Judah to the brazen Serpent that Moses had set upon the wilderness, Numbers 21:8 , and which had been preserved by the Israelites to that time. The superstitious people having made an idol of this Serpent, Hezekiah caused it to be burned, and in derision have it the name of Nehushtan, a mere piece of brass, 2 Kings 18:4
Dragon - Answers, in the English Bible, the Hebrew word signifying a sea-monster, huge Serpent, etc. Thus in Deuteronomy 32:33 Jeremiah 51:34 Revelation 12:1-17 , it evidently implies a huge Serpent; in Isaiah 27:1 51:9 Ezekiel 29:3 , it may mean the crocodile, or any large sea-monster; while in Job 30:29 Lamentations 4:3 Micah 1:8 , it seems to refer to some wild animal of the desert, most probably the jackal
Serpent - In Egypt and other oriental countries, a Serpent was the common symbol of a powerful monarch; it was embroidered on the robes of princes, and blazoned on their diadem, to signify their absolute power and invincible might, and that, as the wound inflicted by the basilisk is incurable, so the fatal effects of their displeasure were neither to be avoided nor endured. These are the allusions involved in the address of the prophet, to the irreconcilable enemies of his nation: "Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken; for out of the Serpent's roots shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying Serpent," Isaiah 14:29 . Uzziah, therefore, must be meant by the rod that smote them, and by the Serpent from whom should spring the fiery flying Serpent, that is, Hezekiah, a much more terrible enemy than even Uzziah had been. The basilisk is of a reddish colour, and its head is decorated with a crest in the form of a crown; it is not entirely prostrate, like other Serpents, but moves along with its head and half the body erect; the other parts sweep the ground behind, And wind its spacious back in rolling spires. ...
All the other species of Serpents are said to acknowledge the superiority of the real or the fabled basilisk, by flying from its presence, and hiding themselves in the dust. It is also supposed to live longer than any other Serpent; the ancient Heathens therefore pronounced it immortal, and placed it in the number of their deities; and because it had the dangerous power, in general belief, of killing with its pestiferous breath the strongest animals, it seemed to them invested with the power of life and death. The only allusion to this species of Serpent in the sacred volume occurs in the valedictory predictions of Jacob, where he describes the character and actions of Dan and his posterity:...
"Dan shall be a Serpent by the way, an adder, שפיפון , in the path, that biteth the horse's heels, so that his rider shall fall backward," Genesis 49:17 . It is indisputably clear, that the patriarch intended some kind of Serpent; for the circumstances will not apply to a freebooter watching for his prey. The particulars in the character of Dan, however, agree better with the cerastes, or horned snake, than with any other species of Serpent. The seraph, or fiery flying Serpent, to a Biblical student, is one of the most interesting creatures that has yet been mentioned. It bears the name of an order among the hosts of heaven, whom Isaiah beheld in vision, placed above the throne of Jehovah in the temple; the brazen figure of this Serpent is supposed to be a type of our blessed Redeemer, who was for our salvation lifted up upon the cross, as the Serpent was elevated in the camp of Israel, for the preservation of that people. It is the only species of Serpent which the almighty Creator has provided with wings, by means of which, instead of creeping or leaping, it rises from the ground, and leaning upon the extremity of its tail, moves with great velocity. It is a native of Egypt, and the deserts of Arabia; and receives its name from the Hebrew verb seraph, which signifies to burn, in allusion to the violent inflammation which its poison produces, or rather to its fiery colour, which the brazen Serpent was intended to represent. Bochart is of opinion, that the seraph is the same as the hydrus, or, as Cicero calls it, the Serpent of the waters. For, in the book of Isaiah, the land of Egypt is called the region from whence come the viper and flying seraph, or burning Serpent. ...
The existence of winged Serpents is attested by many writers of modern times. A kind of snakes were discovered among the Pyrenees, from whose sides proceeded cartilages in the form of wings; and Scaliger mentions a peasant who killed a Serpent of the same species which attacked him, and presented it to the king of France. Le Blanc, as quoted by Bochart, says, at the head of lake Chiamay are extensive woods and vast marshes, which it is very dangerous to approach, because they are infested with very large Serpents, which, raised from the ground on wings resembling those of bats, and leaning on the extremity of their tails, move with great rapidity. But the original term מעופפּ? does not always signify flying with wings; it often expresses vibration, swinging backward and forward, a tremulous motion, a fluttering; and this is precisely the motion of a Serpent, when he springs from one tree to another. Niebuhr mentions a sort of Serpent at Bassorah, which they call heie thiare. Hence it is that the modern Arabs call them flying Serpents, heie thiare. Admiral Anson also speaks of the flying Serpents that he met with at the island of Quibo, but which were without wings. " From this account it may be inferred, that the flying Serpent mentioned in the prophet was of that species of Serpents which, from their swift darting motion, the Greeks call aconitias, and the Romans, jaculus. " The word in the verse under consideration may therefore refer to the ruddy colour of that Serpent, and express the sparkling of the blazing sunbeams upon its scales, which are extremely brilliant. As the name of a Serpent, it frequently denotes one of any species; as when the rod of Moses is said to have been turned into a Serpent, לתנין . But, in its more strict and appropriate application, it is the proper name of the dragon, which differs from the Serpent chiefly in its size. These miserable idolaters appeared before the altars of their contemptible deity in gorgeous vestments, their heads adorned with Serpents, or with the figures of Serpents embroidered on their tiaras, when the creatures themselves were not to be had; and in their frantic exclamations cried out, in evident allusion to the triumph which the old Serpent obtained over our first mother, Eva, Eva. So completely was Satan permitted to insult our fallen race, that the Serpent, his chosen agent in accomplishing our ruin, was actually raised to the first place among the deities of the Heathen world, and reverenced by the most solemn acts of worship. The figure of the Serpent adorned the portals of the proudest temples in the east. ...
The Serpent was a very common symbol of the sun; and he is represented biting his tail, and with his body formed into a circle, in order to indicate the ordinary course of this luminary; and under this form it was an emblem of time and eternity. The Serpent was also the symbol of medicine, and of the gods which presided over it, as of Apollo and AEsculapius. In most of the ancient rites we find some allusion to the Serpent, under the several titles of Ob, Ops, Python, &c. His pillar was also called Abbadir, or Abadir, compounded of ab and adir, and meaning the Serpent deity Addir, the same as Adorus. In the orgies of Bacchus, the persons who partook of the ceremony, used to carry Serpents in their hands, and with horrid screams call upon Eva! Eva! Eva being, according to the writer just mentioned, the same as epha, or opha, which the Greeks rendered ophis, and by it denoted a Serpent, and containing no allusion to Eve, as above conjectured. Wherever the Ammonians founded any places of worship, and introduced their rites, there was generally some story of a Serpent. There was a legend about a Serpent at Colchis, at Thebes, and at Delphi; and likewise in other places. In Egypt there was a Serpent named Thermuthis, which was looked upon as very sacred; and the natives are said to have made use of it as a royal tiara, with which they ornamented the statues of Isis. The kings of Egypt wore high bonnets, terminating in a round ball, and surrounded with figures of asps; and the priests likewise had the representation of Serpents upon their bonnets. This worship began among the people of Chaldea, who built the city of Ophis upon the Tigris, and were greatly addicted to divination, and to the worship of the Serpent. From Chaldea the worship passed into Egypt, where the Serpent deity was called Canoph, Caneph, and C'neph; it also had the name of Ob, or Oub, and was the same as the Basiliscus, or royal Serpent, the same as the Thermuthis, and made use of by way of ornament to the statues of their gods. As the worship of the Serpent began among the sons of Chus, Mr. Bryant conjectures that from thence they were denominated Ethiopians and Aithiopians, from Ath-ope, or Ath-opes, the god whom they worshipped, and not from their complexion: the Ethiopes brought these rites into Greece, and called the island where they first established them, Ellopia, Solis Serpentis insula, the stone with Euboea, or Oubaia, that is, the Serpent Island. The same learned writer discovers traces of the Serpent worship among the Hyperboreans, at Rhodes, named Ophiusa, in Phrygia, and upon the Hellespont, in the island Cyprus, in Crete, among the Athenians, in the name of Cecrops, among the natives of Thebes in Boeotia, among the Lacedaemonians, in Italy, in Syria, &c, and in the names of many places, as well as the people where the Ophites settled. One of the most early heresies introduced into the Christian church was that of the Ophitae, who introduced Serpents emblematically among their rites. ...
The form assumed by the tempter when he seduced our first parents, has been handed down in the traditions of most ancient nations; and, though animals of the Serpent tribe were very generally worshipped by the Pagans, as symbols of the Agathodemon; they were likewise viewed as types or figures of the evil principle. One of the most remarkable accounts of the primeval tempter under the shape of a Serpent occurs in the Zend-Avesta of the ancient Persians. To the dracontian Ahriman of the Persians, the malignant Serpent caliya of Hindoo theology appears to be very closely allied. The Serpent typhon of the Egyptians, who is sometimes identified with the ocean, because the deluge was esteemed the work of the evil principle; and the Serpent python of the Greeks, who is evidently the same as the monster typhon; appear to have similarly originated, in the first instance, from some remembrance of the form which Satan assumed when in paradise. Perhaps also the notion, that python was oracular,—a notion which caused the so frequent use of Serpents in the rites of divination, may have sprung from a recollection of the vocal responses which the tempter gave to Eve under the borrowed figure of that reptile. We may still ascribe to the same source that rebellious Serpent whose treason seems to have been so well remembered among the inhabitants of Syria. Pherecydes, a native of that country, bestows upon him the Greek name of ophioneus, or the "serpent god;" which, in fact, is a mere translation of the Syriac or Chaldaic nachash. ...
The most remarkable corroboration, however, of the Mosaic history is to be found in those fables which involve the mythological Serpent, and in the worship which was so generally offered to him throughout the world. The worship of the Serpent may be traced in almost every religion throughout ancient Asia, Europe, Africa, America. Of these the most remarkable was the Serpent; upon the basis of tradition, regarded, first as the symbol of the malignant being; subsequently considered talismanic and oracular; and lastly, venerated and worshipped as divine
Fiery Serpent - To punish the Israelites for complaining about their lot in the wilderness, God sent fiery Serpents among them. The Serpents were natural residents of the wilderness ( Deuteronomy 8:15 ). Subsequently, God directed Moses to make a representation of a fiery Serpent and place it on a pole. The brass Serpent made by Moses became the means of healing for those who had been bitten by the fiery Serpents but had not died. Isaiah used the fear of snakes to warn complacent Philistines that God would raise up a more fearful enemy who could be compared only to a Serpent (saraph ) which flew or darted (Isaiah 14:29 NIV)
Dragon -
The former is used, always in the plural, in (Job 30:29 ; Psalm 44:19 ; Isaiah 34:13 ; 43:20 ; Jeremiah 9:11 ) It is always applied to some creatures inhabiting the desert, and we should conclude from this that it refers rather to some wild beast than to a Serpent. " ...
The word tannin seems to refer to any great monster, whether of the land or the sea, being indeed more usually applied to some kind of Serpent or reptile, but not exclusively restricted to that sense. , as applied metaphorically to "the old Serpent, called the devil, and Satan
Naashon - Some derive it from Nechash, Serpent
Serpent - Serpent . ]'>[1] ‘akasa ) seems to be ‘bending back,’ as a Serpent does before striking. ]'>[4] ‘adder,’ Psalms 58:4 , where it is referred to as the favourite of the Serpent-charmer. Isaiah 14:29 ; Isaiah 30:6 ‘fiery Serpent,’ coupled with nâchâsh in Numbers 21:6 , Deuteronomy 8:15 . zôch ăl ç ’âphâr , Deuteronomy 32:24 ; zôch ăl ç’ erets , Micah 7:17 ; some creature that glides on or into the earth, probably therefore a Serpent. ]'>[4] ‘serpent,’ Exodus 7:9-10 ; Exodus 7:12 , RVm
Serpents are very common in the Holy Land and in the wilderness to the south. It was held in much veneration by the ancient Egyptians, and a little bronze Serpent recently found in the excavations of ancient Gezer probably an object of worship in pre-Israelite times was of this form. The expression ‘ fiery Serpent ’ probably refers to the burning sensation produced by the bite; in Psalms 140:3 their poison is supposed to reside in their tongues. ...
Some of the references to Serpents do not apparently refer to any natural object. The former was, among early English writers, a creature with a head and body like a cock, but the tail of a Serpent, with a sting at its extremity. The reference in Amos 9:3 to the Serpent ( nâchâsh ) at the bottom of the sea may have some reference to the Babylonian myth of Tiâmat. For the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 See Fall (4), and Satan, p
Nehushtan - (nih huhssh' tan) Name of a “brazen Serpent” destroyed by King Hezekiah as part of an attempt to reform Judah's life and worship (2 Kings 18:4 ). Nehushtan probably was a Serpentine nature god worshiped in connection with the Canaanite cults. See Bronze Serpent
Serpent - "
Saint Benedict of Nursia
Saint Christina of Bolsena
Saint Hilary
Saint Hilda of Whitby
Saint Honorat
Saint James of the Marches
Saint John the Evangelist
Saint Julius of Novara
Saint Luis Beltran
Saint Patrick
On the other hand, a Serpent twined around a cross is an emblem of Our Lord, recalling the brazen Serpent which Moses erected to cure the Israelites in the desert
Edder - ) An adder or Serpent
Nehushtan - Name of contempt given by Hezekiah to the brazen Serpent, when he destroyed it because the Israelites burnt incense to it
Anaconda - The name is also applied to a similar large Serpent (Python tigris) of Ceylon
Nehushta - (nih huhssh tuh) Personal name meaning, “serpent” or “bronze
Echidna - ) A monster, half maid and half Serpent
Punon - A place were Israel pitched in the wilderness, between Petra and Segor, Some have thought that it was here Moses set up the brazen Serpent, Numbers 21:9 and Numbers 33:42
Aaron's Rod - (1):...
A rod with one Serpent twined around it, thus differing from the caduceus of Mercury, which has two
Viper - A Serpent, a species of coluber, whose bite is remarkably venomous
Cockatrice - The mediaeval name (a corruption of "crocodile") of a fabulous Serpent supposed to be produced from a cock's egg. It is generally supposed to denote the cerastes, or "horned viper," a very poisonous Serpent about a foot long
Leviathan - In Isaiah 27:1 it also typifies Satan: "leviathan the piercing Serpent, even leviathan that crooked Serpent," whom God will punish
Engouled - ) Partly swallowed; disappearing in the jaws of anything; as, an infant engouled by a Serpent; said also of an ordinary, when its two ends to issue from the mouths of lions, or the like; as, a bend engouled
Mup'Pim - (serpent ), a Benjamite, and one of the fourteen descendants of Rachael who belonged to the original colony of the sons of Jacob in Egypt
Serpents - Venomous Serpents were abundant in Egypt and Arabia, and seven different kinds are mentioned in the Hebrew scriptures, some of which are identified with existing species. ...
The Serpents mentioned in Numbers 21:1-35 Isaiah 14:29 30:6 , and by whom multitudes of the Israelites were destroyed in the desert north of the Gulf of Akabah, were probably called "fiery" and "flying" with reference to the agonizing heat caused by their poison, and the rapidity of their darting motion. Herodotus indeed speaks of winged Serpents as appearing every spring on the Arabian border of Egypt; but he did not see them, nor are there any to be met with in modern times. The Serpent of brass, made and erected on a pole by Moses, had no healing virtue in itself, but was a test of the penitence and faith of the people. " Our Savior himself shows that the brazen Serpent was a type of Him, John 3:14,15 . Respecting the brazen Serpent, see NEHUSHTAN . ...
Interpreters have largely speculated concerning the nature of the Serpent that tempted Eve. Some have thought that Serpents originally had feet and speech; but there is no probability that this creature was ever otherwise than it now is. Besides, it cannot be doubted but that by the Serpent we are to understand the devil, who employed the Serpent as a vehicle to seduce the first woman, Genesis 3:13 2 Corinthians 11:3 Revelation 12:9
zo'Heleth - (serpent ), The stone, This was "by En-rogel," ( 1 Kings 1:9 ) and therefore, if En-rogel be the modern Um-ed-Deraj , this stone, "where Adonijah slew sheep and oxen," was in all likelihood not far from the well of the Virgin
Asp - 1: ἀσπίς (Strong's #785 — Noun Masculine — aspis — as-pece' ) "a small and very venomous Serpent," the bite of which is fatal, unless the part affected is at once cut away, in Romans 3:13 is said, metaphorically, of the conversation of the ungodly
Venomous - Poisonous noxious to animal life as, the bite of a Serpent may be venomous
Copperhead - ) A poisonous American Serpent (Ancistrodon conotortrix), closely allied to the rattlesnake, but without rattles; - called also copper-belly, and red viper
Leviathan - As used in Isaiah 27:1 , "leviathan the piercing [1] Serpent, even leviathan that crooked [1] Serpent," the word may probably denote the two empires, the Assyrian and the Babylonian
Adder - ...
Pethen ("twisting"), a viper or venomous Serpent identified with the cobra (Naja haje) (Psalm 58:4 ; 91:13 ); elsewhere "asp. Dan is compared to this Serpent, which springs from its hiding-place on the passer-by
Pole - Our Lord JESUS said that it represents the Cross on which He was lifted up at Calvary as the pole was lifted up in the wilderness, and on which the Serpent hung
Chalice - ...
It is also an emblem associated with ...
Saint Barbara
Saint Bruno of Querfort
Saint John the Evangelist who is represented with a chalice and a Serpent issuing therefrom, referring to an unsuccessful attempt to poison the Host, the Serpent symbolizing the poison
Saint Louis Bertran who is show with a chalice surmounted by a Serpent
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Bought - ) A flexure; a bend; a twist; a turn; a coil, as in a rope; as the boughts of a Serpent
Venomous - ) Full of venom; noxious to animal life; poisonous; as, the bite of a Serpent may be venomous. ) Having a poison gland or glands for the secretion of venom, as certain Serpents and insects
Amphisbaena - ) A fabled Serpent with a head at each end, moving either way. ) A genus of harmless lizards, Serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way
Dragon - 1: δράκων (Strong's #1404 — Noun Masculine — drakon — drak'-own ) denoted "a mythical monster, a dragon;" also a large Serpent, so called because of its keen power of sight (from a root derk, signifying "to see")
Babbler - This is literally 'master of the tongue,' Ecclesiastes 10:11 : the verse may be translated, "If the Serpent bite without enchantment, then the 'charmer' hath no advantage
Allegorical Sense - Thus, the Serpent raised by Moses in the desert to heal the Israelites from their wounds represented, in an allegorical sense, Jesus Christ raised upon the Cross for the redemption of mankind
Brass - ...
The Serpent of brass was made by Moses at the command of God (Numbers 21:4-9 ), and elevated on a pole, so that it might be seen by all the people when wounded by the bite of the Serpents that were sent to them as a punishment for their murmurings against God and against Moses. ) ...
The brazen Serpent is alluded to by our Lord in John 3:14,15 . (See Serpent
Cockatrice - A venomous Serpent. In Isaiah 11:8 , this Serpent is evidently intended for a proportionate advance in malignity beyond the peten which precedes it; and in Isaiah 14:29 , it must mean a worse kind of Serpent than the nahash
Hiss - To make a sound by driving the breath between the tongue and the upper teeth to give a strong aspiration, resembling the noise made by a Serpent and some other animals, or that of water thrown on hot iron. The sound made by propelling the breath between the tongue and upper teeth the noise of a Serpent, a goose, &c
Serpent, Fiery - As a punishment, the Lord sent Serpents among them, and much people of Israel died. Moses interceded on their behalf, and by divine direction he made a "brazen Serpent," and raised it on a pole in the midst of the camp, and all the wounded Israelites who looked on it were at once healed. ) This "brazen Serpent" was preserved by the Israelites till the days of Hezekiah, when it was destroyed ( 2 Kings 18:4 )
Nahshon - (Nah' sshahn) Personal name meaning, “serpent
Lizard - A cold-blooded animal, with much resemblance to the Serpent, but having four feet
Eve - word for ‘serpent’). The former is a reference to her deception by the Serpent
Beguile - ...
The Serpent beguiled me and I did eat Genesis 3 ...
1
Ammonite - Also called Serpent stone, snake stone, and cornu Ammonis
Adjutant - It is noted for its Serpent-destroying habits
Ammonite - ...
Serpent-stone, or cornu ammonis, a fossil shell, curved into a spiral, like a ram's horn of various sizes, from the smallest grains to three feet in diameter
Hivites - Bryant supposes the Hivites to be the same as the Ophites, or ancient worshippers of the sun under the figure of a Serpent; which was, in all probability, the deity worshipped at Baal-Hermon
Cockatrice - The original signifies a creature that "hisses," doubtless some species of Serpent
Jesse, Rod of - "When Pharao shall say to you: Shew signs; Thou shalt say to Aaron: Take thy rod and cast it down before Pharao, and it shall be turned into a Serpent" (Exodus 7). "And Aaron took the rod before Pharao, and his servants, and it was turned into a Serpent
Aaron, Rod of - "When Pharao shall say to you: Shew signs; Thou shalt say to Aaron: Take thy rod and cast it down before Pharao, and it shall be turned into a Serpent" (Exodus 7). "And Aaron took the rod before Pharao, and his servants, and it was turned into a Serpent
Dragon - ) A fabulous animal, generally represented as a monstrous winged Serpent or lizard, with a crested head and enormous claws, and regarded as very powerful and ferocious. ) A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds, seeming to move through the air as a winged Serpent
Rod of Jesse - "When Pharao shall say to you: Shew signs; Thou shalt say to Aaron: Take thy rod and cast it down before Pharao, and it shall be turned into a Serpent" (Exodus 7). "And Aaron took the rod before Pharao, and his servants, and it was turned into a Serpent
Scripture, Rod in - "When Pharao shall say to you: Shew signs; Thou shalt say to Aaron: Take thy rod and cast it down before Pharao, and it shall be turned into a Serpent" (Exodus 7). "And Aaron took the rod before Pharao, and his servants, and it was turned into a Serpent
Zoheleth - (zoh' huh lehth) Place name meaning, “creeping one,” “sliding,” or “serpent stone
Leviathan - The context of (Psalm 104:26 ) seems to show that in this passage the name represents some animal of the whale tribe, which is common in the Mediterranean; but it is somewhat uncertain what animal is denoted in (Isaiah 27:1 ) As the term leviathan is evidently used in no limited sense, it is not improbable that the "leviathan the piercing Serpent," or "leviathan the crooked Serpent," may denote some species of the great rock-snakes which are common in south and west Africa
Dragon, - It may signify any great Serpent or sea monster, symbolical of a huge destructive creature. In Revelation 16:13 it is Satan, and in Revelation 20:2 he is described as "that old Serpent, which is the Devil and Satan
Nahash - Nahash (nâ'hăsh), Serpent
Christina, Saint - Emblems: a knife, arrow, Serpent
Asp - ) A small, hooded, poisonous Serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. The name is also applied to other poisonous Serpents, esp
Asp - ) A small, hooded, poisonous Serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. The name is also applied to other poisonous Serpents, esp
Kehushtan - The Serpent of brass—or copper—which Moses made by God's command in the wilderness, Numbers 21:8-9, was preserved for many ages
Zalmonah - From zelem , "image"; where the brazen Serpent was set up
Adder - Psalm 58:4 (b) This Serpent is used to describe a wicked person who injures the souls and damages the lives of' others by that which comes out of his mouth
Basilisk - It is referred to in the Bible, under the names of adder, asp, cobra, flying Serpent, and viper (Isaiah 59)
Adder - a venomous Serpent, more usually called the viper. ...
שפיפון , in Genesis 49:17 , is probably the cerastes; a Serpent of the viper kind, of a light brown colour, which lurks in the sand and the tracks of wheels in the road, and unexpectedly bites not only the unwary traveller, but the legs of horses and other beasts. But there are several Serpents which coil themselves previously to darting on their enemy; if this be a character of the asp, it is not peculiar to that reptile צפע , or צפעני , Proverbs 23:32 ; Isaiah 11:8 ; Isaiah 14:29 ; Isaiah 59:5 ; and Jeremiah 8:17 , is that deadly Serpent called the basilisk, said to kill with its very breath. ...
In Psalms 58:5 , reference is made to the effect of musical sounds upon Serpents. ...
The smiling olive with her verdant boughs Shades his bright helmet and adorns his brows; His charms in peace the furious Serpent keep; And lull the envenom'd viper's race to sleep: His healing hand allay'd the raging pain, ...
And at his touch the poisons fled again. Blunt's Voyage into the Levant:—...
"Many rarities of living creatures I saw in Grand Cairo; but the most ingenious was a nest of Serpents, of two feet long, black and ugly, kept by a Frenchman, who, when he came to handle them, would not endure him, but ran and hid in their hole. "...
The wonderful effect which music produces on the Serpent tribes, is confirmed by the testimony of several respectable moderns. The tame Serpents, many of which the orientals keep in their houses, are known to leave their holes in hot weather, at the sound of a musical instrument, and run upon the performer. Shaw had an opportunity of seeing a number of Serpents keep exact time with the Dervishes in their circulatory dances, running over their heads and arms, turning when they turned, and stopping when they stopped. The rattlesnake acknowledges the power of music as much as any of his family; of which the following instance is a decisive proof: When Chateaubriand was in Canada, a snake of that species entered their encampment; a young Canadian, one of the party, who could play on the flute, to divert his associates, advanced against the Serpent with his new species of weapon: on the approach of his enemy, the haughty reptile curled himself into a spiral line, flattened his head, inflated his cheeks, contracted his lips, displayed his envenomed fangs, and his bloody throat; his double tongue glowed like two flames of fire; his eyes were burning coals; his body, swollen with rage, rose and fell like the bellows of a forge; his dilated skin assumed a dull and scaly appearance; and his tail, which sounded the denunciation of death, vibrated with so great rapidity as to resemble a light vapour. The Canadian now began to play upon his flute, the Serpent started with surprise, and drew back his head. Less perpendicular upon their spiral line, the rings of the fascinated Serpent were by degrees expanded, and sunk one after another upon the ground, in concentric circles. The assembly unanimously decreed, that the Serpent which had so highly entertained them, should be permitted to escape. ...
But on some Serpents, these charms seem to have no power; and it appears from Scripture, that the adder sometimes takes precautions to prevent the fascination which he sees preparing for him: "for the deaf adder shutteth her ear, and will not hear the voice of the most skilful charmer. " The threatening of the Prophet Jeremiah proceeds upon the same fact: "I will send Serpents" (cockatrices) "among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you. " In all these quotations, the sacred writers, while they take it for granted that many Serpents are disarmed by charming, plainly admit that the powers of the charmer are in vain exerted upon others. ...
It is the opinion of some interpreters, that the word שחל , which in some parts of Scripture denotes a lion, in others means an adder, or some other kind of Serpent. " Indeed, all the ancient expositors agree, that some species of Serpent is meant, although they cannot determine what particular Serpent the sacred writer had in view. The learned Bochart thinks it extremely probable that the holy Psalmist in this verse treats of Serpents only; and, by consequence, that both the terms שחל , and בפיר mean some kind of snakes, as well as פתן and תנין ; because the coherence of the verse is by this view better preserved, than by mingling lions and Serpents together, as our translators and other interpreters have commonly done; nor is it easy to imagine what can be meant by treading upon the lion, and trampling the young lion under foot; for it is not possible in walking to tread upon the lion, as upon the adder, the basilisk, and other Serpents
Lizard - The body is thicker and more tapering than that of the Serpent
Eve - Through the subtlety of the Serpent Eve was beguiled into a violation of the one commandment which had been imposed upon her and Adam
Leviathan - In Isaiah 27:1, "leviathan the piercing Serpent, even leviathan that crooked (wriggling) Serpent," "the dragon in the sea," literally refers to the crocodile in the sea or Nile, or else to the great rock snakes. Antitypically and finally Satan "the dragon, that old Serpent, which is the devil" (Revelation 20:2; Revelation 20:10), whom finally "Jehovah with His sore, great, and strong sword shall punish
Eve - He fears, however, that as the Serpent beguiled Eve in his craftiness, so the Church may be corrupted from the simplicity and purity of her devotion to Christ. It was apparently the teaching of the Rabbis that the Serpent literally seduced Eve (4 Maccabees 18:6-8; cf. The identification of the Serpent with the devil, which was far from the thoughts of the writer of Genesis 3, first appears in Wisdom of Solomon 2:24, ‘But by the envy of the devil death entered into the world’ (cf
Margaret, Saint - She is often represented in art as a shepherdess, or portrayed crushing a Serpent
Divination - , "python"), in Greek mythology was the name of the Pythian Serpent or dragon, dwelling in Pytho, at the foot of mount Parnassus, guarding the oracle of Delphi, and slain by Apollo
Beetle - The Septuagint translates it the "serpent killer," a kind of locust not having wings
Sin: May be Committed by Proxy - This metal is as great an anathema to them as the wedge of gold to Achan, at the offer whereof they start back as Moses from the Serpent; yet the monk has a boy behind him who will receive and carry home any quantity, and neither complain of metal nor measure
Serpent - ) To wind like a Serpent; to crook about; to meander. ) A species of firework having a Serpentine motion as it passess through the air or along the ground
Devil - ) Serpent, (Isaiah 27:1
Viper - This word in the Old Testament possibly designates some particular species of hissing and venomous Serpent, but its exact application cannot be determined
Pergamos - It is called "Satan's seat" by John, which some suppose to refer to the worship of Æsculapius, from the Serpent being his characteristic emblem
Luis Beltran, Saint - Represented extinguishing a fire; holding a cross, and a chalice surmounted by a Serpent
Figured Stone - Various identifications of the animals have been suggested, beasts similar to the lions and Serpent-dragons of the “Ishtar Gate” in Babylon, animals similar to those serving as mounts for the gods in stone carvings at Maltaya, Egyptian mortuary deities, and totem animals
Beltran, Luis, Saint - Represented extinguishing a fire; holding a cross, and a chalice surmounted by a Serpent
Devil - ...
Serpent, Is
Whale - The Hebrew term can refer to a primeval sea monster or dragon ( Isaiah 27:1 ; 51:9 among others), to a Serpent ( Exodus 7:9 ; Psalm 91:13 ), or possibly a crocodile (Ezekiel 29:3 ; Ezekiel 32:2 )
Whale - 'dragon,' 'sea monster,' and 'serpent
Zoheleth - The Serpent-stone, a rocky plateau near the centre of the village of Siloam, and near the fountain of En-rogel, to which the women of the village resort for water (1 Kings 1:5-9 )
Nahash - (nay hassh) Personal name meaning, “serpent” or perhaps “magnificence
Leviathan - ]'>[1] have dragon , and their belief that a creature of Serpentine form was meant is coo-firmed by the derivation of Heb. Leviathan here has several heads; the great Serpent of Babylonian tradition had seven. Isaiah 27:1 distinguishes between two leviathans, the flying Serpent, and the crooked or coiled Serpent symbols of two heathen kingdoms
Fall - ...
The Serpent. The Serpent made a sudden intrusion into the story. The Serpent is identified in Genesis only as a creature. ...
The Serpent began the conversation with a question that obviously distorted or at least extended God's order not to eat of the tree (Genesis 3:1 ). Moreover, the Serpent painted God as one who sadistically and arbitrarily placed a prohibition before the couple to stifle their enjoyment of the garden. In her response to the Serpent she included a citation of God's command. It is interesting that the first challenge to God's word did not involve deletion, but addition by both the Serpent and the woman. ...
The woman's willingness to judge and her addition to God's instruction, though seemingly harmless, permitted the Serpent boldly to continue with a direct attack on God's character. The Serpent claimed that the phrases “your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:5 ) are God's reasons for giving the prohibitive command; in reality, these phrases express the human reasons for breaking the command. The Serpent seemed sure that eating would produce equality not death. Woman shared equally in the deed, but she quickly blamed the deceiving Serpent (Genesis 3:12-13 ). The Serpent was not interviewed because he was not an image-bearer in whom God sought a representation and relationship. ...
Yahweh acknowledged the partial truth of the Serpent's claim: Adam's and Eve's autonomy had made them like the divine (Genesis 3:5 ,Genesis 3:5,3:22 ). The Serpent's lie concerning death (Genesis 3:4 ) became visible
Dragon - " It is rendered "serpent" in Exodus 7:9
Viper, - What species of Serpent is alluded to is unknown
Slough - ) The skin, commonly the cast-off skin, of a Serpent or of some similar animal
Brazen Serpent - An image in brass prepared by Moses, resembling the fiery Serpents so destructive to Israel in the desert, and set up in the midst of the camp in the view of all, that whosoever would evince penitence, faith, and obedience by looking to it, might live, Numbers 21:6-9 . The brazen Serpent was long preserved, as a memorial of the gracious miracle wrought in connection with it; but being regarded as an object of worship, it was broken to pieces by king Hezekiah, as Nehushtana mere piece of brass, 2 Kings 18:4
Whale - of RSV, "sea-monsters"); Isaiah 27:1 ; and "serpent" in Exodus 7:9 (RSV marg. The words of ( Job 7:12 ), uttered in bitter irony, where he asks, "Am I a sea or a whale?" simply mean, "Have I a wild, untamable nature, like the waves of the sea, which must be confined and held within bounds, that they cannot pass?" "The Serpent of the sea, which was but the wild, stormy sea itself, wound itself around the land, and threatened to swallow it up
Asp - James 3:8 : ‘The tongue can no man tame-a restless evil-full of deadly poison’), and the position of the poison-bag of the Serpent is correctly described. ...
The Serpent referred to is without doubt the Naja haje, or small hooded Egyptian cobra, which, though not found in the cultivated parts of Palestine, is well known in the downs and plains S. ...
See also Serpent, Viper
Fall - It tells how the first man and woman, living in childlike innocence and happiness in the Garden of Eden, were tempted by the subtle Serpent to doubt the goodness of their Creator, and aim at the possession of forbidden knowledge by tasting the fruit of the one tree of which they had been expressly charged not to eat. Their transgression was speedily followed by detection and punishment; on the Serpent was laid the curse of perpetual enmity between it and mankind; the woman was doomed to the pains of child-bearing: and the man to unremitting toil in the cultivation of the ground, which was cursed on account of his sin. It is true that no complete Babylonian parallel has yet been discovered; the utmost that can be claimed is that particular elements or motives of the Biblical story seem to be reflected in some of the Babylonian legends, and still more in the religious symbolism displayed on the monuments (tree of life, Serpent, cherubim, etc. Man, as originally created, was exempt from them; and to the question, Whence came they? the answer is that they are the effect of a Divine curse to which the race is subject; though it is to be noted that no curse is pronounced on the first pair, but only on the Serpent as the organ of temptation, and the ground which is cursed for man’s sake . ...
(4) One specific feature of the story remains to be considered, namely, the rôle assigned to the Serpent, and his character. The identification of the Serpent with the devil appears first in the Apocryphal literature ( Wis 2:24 ); in the narrative itself he is simply the most subtle of the creatures that God has made ( Genesis 3:1 ), and there is not the slightest reason to suppose that he is there regarded as the mouthpiece of the evil spirit. At the same time it is impossible to escape the impression that the Serpent is conceived as a malevolent being, designedly insinuating suspicion of God into the minds of our first parents, and inciting them to an act which will frustrate the Divine purpose regarding mankind. There is thus a certain ambiguity in the representation of the Serpent, which may have its source in some more primitive phase of the legend; but which also points the way, under the influence of a deeper apprehension of the nature of moral evil than had been attained in the time of the writer, to that identification of the Serpent with the Evil One which we find in the NT ( Romans 16:20 , Revelation 12:9 ; Revelation 20:2 ). In the same way, and with the same justification, the reflexion of later ages read into the curse on the Serpent ( Genesis 3:15 ) the promise of ultimate redemption from the power of evil through the coming of Christ
Asp - Deuteronomy 32:33 (a) The effect of liquor on the soul is compared to the poison that comes from the bite of the Serpent
Charmer - One who practises Serpent-charming (Psalm 58:5 ; Jeremiah 8:17 ; Ecclesiastes 10:11 )
Achish - Achish (â'kish), angry or Serpent charmer
Nahash - ("serpent". That father and son bore the same name makes it, likely that Nahash was a common title of the kings of Ammon, the Serpent being the emblem of wisdom, the Egyptian Kneph also being the eternal Spirit represented as a Serpent
Viper - A genus of Serpents noted for the virulence of their poison, which is said to be one of the most dangerous in the animal kingdom. A species of viper in Northern Africa, though little more than a foot long is called the most formidable Serpent there; and Hasselquist speaks of a viper in Cyprus, whose bits produces a universal gangrene, and occasions death within a few hours. See SerpentS
na'Hash - (serpent )
Leviathan - A Serpentine form is indicated in Isaiah 27:1 (“leviathan the piercing [1] Serpent”). shows two men fighting a seven-headed Serpent
Adder - There is an old tradition that the adder sometimes laid one ear in the dust and covered the other with its tail; but they have no external ears: that all known adders can hear is well attested by those called Serpent charmers, though some species are more easily attracted than others. It is said to resist the arts of the Serpent charmers
Curse - Denounced by God against the Serpent (Genesis 3:14 ), and against Cain (4:11)
Michael - He is also represented as warning against "that old Serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world" (Revelation 12:7-9 )
Behold - When he beheld the Serpent of brass, he lived
Adam - Adam and Eve were tempted by the devil, disguised as a Serpent, to disobey God by eating of the tree of knowledge
Dragon - reads "serpent
Onan - Who shall say the numbers which since his days have fallen into it? And who shall calculate the army which by Onanism have hastened the termination of a life of sin, and hurried themselves into eternity! Into how many streams of evil, diffusing themselves into all the parts of our poor fallen nature, hath that one deadly poison the old Serpent put into Adam manifested itself through all our passions! Blessed Lord Jesus! what, but for thy gracious recovery of our nature, could have saved the wretched race of Adam from the wrath to come
Seraphim - The popular mythical seraphim were a personification of the Serpent-like flash of lightning. The usage and meaning of the singular sârâph (= ‘ fiery Serpent ,’ Numbers 21:6 , Isaiah 14:29 ), as well as the etymology of the word, suggest this view of the origin of the seraphim. The later Jewish tradition, according to which they are Serpents, points in the same direction (Enoch 20. The brazen Serpent, Nehushtan , which was removed from the Temple by Hezekiah, was a relic probably connected with the popular mythical conception, and it may have suggested the seraphim of the heavenly palace to Isaiah’s mind
Bestiaries - The lamb or sheep represented the soul or the believer; the phoenix, Christ or immortality; the Serpent, the devil; the lion, either the devil or Christ
Bestiary - The lamb or sheep represented the soul or the believer; the phoenix, Christ or immortality; the Serpent, the devil; the lion, either the devil or Christ
Asp - Hebrew Pethen, a kind of Serpent, whose poison is of such rapid operation, that it kills almost the instant it penetrates, without a possibility of remedy. A traveler in the desert south of Judah describes it as still infested with Serpents; and adds as an instance, "One day we saw in our path an asp
Satan - In one remarkable verse several epithets are combined—the old Serpent, the devil, and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world
Per'Gamos - ( Revelation 1:11 ; 2:12-17 ) It is called "Satan's seat" by John, which some suppose to refer to the worship of AEsculapius, from the Serpent being his characteristic emblem
Fasten - ...
2: καθάπτω (Strong's #2510 — Verb — kathapto — kath-ap'-to ) "to fasten on, lay hold of, attack," is used of the Serpent which fastened on Paul's hand, Acts 28:3
Hiss - ) The noise made by a Serpent
Asp - Other translations use Serpent, viper, or cobra at some or all of these places
Eve - This deception is further explained by showing that it was the Serpent who beguiled Eve by his subtilty, and it is the same enemy who seeks now to ensnare the saints
Creep - To move with the belly on the ground, or the surface of any other body, as a worm or Serpent without legs, or as many insects with feet and very short legs to crawl
Dan - Dan shall be a Serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse's heels, so that his rider shall fall backward
Pergamos - Pogroms was the birthplace of Galen, and contained a famous temple of Esculapius the god of medicine, who was worshipped under the form of a living Serpent
Bite - To break or crush with the teeth, as in eating to pierce with the teeth, as a Serpent to seize with the teeth, as a dog
Nehushtan - But what a sad delusion must they have fallen into in setting it up for an object of worship, and burning incense to it! (See Numbers 21:6 compared with John 3:14) The name Nehushtan is from Nachash, Serpent; so that by Hezekiah calling it not Nachash, but Nehushtan, he meant to shew by the alteration his contempt of it as an idol
Dan - Dan shall be a Serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. One naturally associates 'the adder that biteth the heels' with the Serpent that would bruise the heel of the seed of the woman
Crest - ) A tuft, or other excrescence or natural ornament, growing on an animal's head; the comb of a cock; the swelling on the head of a Serpent; the lengthened feathers of the crown or nape of bird, etc
Dragon - ]'>[8] Serpent Die - When the Serpent questioned Eve, she associated disobedience with death ( Serpent repeated God’s words, but negated them ( Devil - reads day star; murderer, John 8:44; prince of the power of the air, Ephesians 2:2; prince of this world, John 12:31; Serpent. The time is coming, and may be near at hand, when "the dragon, that old Serpent, which is the devil and Satan," shall be bound for a thousand years, "that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that he must be loosed a little season
Astronomy - The following heavenly bodies are alluded to particularly in Scripture: Venus, the morning star, Isaiah 14:12 Revelation 2:28 ; Orion, and the Pleiades, Job 9:9 38:31 Amos 5:8 ; the Great Bear, called "Arcturus," Job 9:9 38:32 ; Draco, "the crooked Serpent" Job 26:13 ; and Gemini, "the twins," 2 Kings 23:5 Acts 28:11
Tree of Knowledge - ...
The tree of knowledge was Adam and Eve's opportunity to demonstrate obedience and loyalty to God, but the Serpent used it to tempt Eve to eat and to become like God “knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:5 )
Seraphim - ' The word occurs only in Numbers 21:6 ; Deuteronomy 8:15 , translated 'fiery;' and in Numbers 21:8 ; Isaiah 14:29 ; Isaiah 30:6 , translated 'fiery Serpent
Viper - אפעה , Job 20:16 ; Isaiah 30:6 ; Isaiah 59:5 ; εχιδνα , Matthew 3:7 ; Matthew 12:34 ; Matthew 23:33 ; Luke 3:7 ; Acts 28:3 ; a Serpent famed for the venomousness of its bite, which is one of the most dangerous poisons in the animal kingdom
Seraphim - ) Seraphim (plural) in Numbers 21:6 means the "fiery flying (not winged, but rapidly moving) "serpents" which bit the Israelites; called so from the poisonous inflammation caused by their bites. Burning (from saraph "to burn") zeal, dazzling brightness of appearance (2 Kings 2:11; 2 Kings 6:17; Ezekiel 1:13; Matthew 28:3) and Serpent-like rapidity in God's service, always characterize the seraphim. Satan's "serpent" (nachash ) form in appearing to man may have some connection with his original form as a seraph (singular) of light. The Serpent's head symbolized wisdom in Egypt (2 Kings 18:4)
Eve - " Through the subtle temptation of the Serpent she violated the commandment of God by taking of the forbidden fruit, which she gave also unto her husband (1 Timothy 2:13-15 ; 2 co 11:3 )
Astronomy - Mention is made of the "morning star" (Revelation 2:28 ; Compare Isaiah 14:12 ), the "seven stars" and "Pleiades," "Orion," "Arcturus," the "Great Bear" (Amos 5:8 ; Job 9:9 ; 38:31 ), "the crooked Serpent," Draco (Job 26:13 ), the Dioscuri, or Gemini, "Castor and Pollux" (Acts 28:11 )
Numbers Book of - 21 we have a picture of the discontentment and rebellion of the Israelites, their punishment through fiery Serpents, and the simple remedy of a brazen Serpent erected on a pole
Hedge - The haunt of Serpents (Ecclesiastes 10:8; "whoso breaketh an hedge a Serpent shall bite him," i
Volume - A roll or turn as much as is included in a roll or coil as the volume of a Serpent
Fall of Man - The woman was enticed by an evil genius, under the semblance of a Serpent, as appears from its reasoning the woman into the transgression of the law, of which a brute beast is incapable. Romans 5:12 , the old Serpent, Revelation 12:9 ; Revelation 20:2 . Moses relates this history, from what appeared externally to sense; both, therefore, are to be conjoined, the Serpent as the instrument, and the devil as the primary cause
Satan - He is also called "the dragon," "the old Serpent" (Revelation 12:9 ; 20:2 ); "the prince of this world" (John 12:31 ; 14:30 ); "the prince of the power of the air" (Ephesians 2:2 ); "the god of this world" (2 Corinthians 4:4 ); "the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience" (Ephesians 2:2 )
Nahash - Serpent
Satan - By collecting the passages where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be concluded, that he fell from heaven with his company; that God cast him down from thence for the punishment of his pride; that by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over subordinate apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men, and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets and seducers; that it is he, or his agents, that torment or possess men, and inspire them with evil designs, as when he suggested to David, the numbering of the people, to Judas to betray his Lord and Master, and to Ananias and Sapphira to conceal the price of their field; that he is full of rage like a roaring lion, and of subtlety like a Serpent, to tempt, to betray, to destroy, and involve us in guilt and wickedness; that his power and malice are restrained within certain limits, and controlled by the will of God; in a word, that he is an enemy to God and man, and uses his utmost endeavours to rob God of his glory, and men of their souls
Sermons: Bad Not to be Listened to - Who thrusts his arm into the fire because its flame is brilliant? Who knowingly drinks from a poisoned cup because the beaded bubbles on the brim reflect the colours of the rainbow? As we would not be fascinated by the azure hues of a Serpent, so neither should we be thrown off our guard by the talents of an unsound theologian
Banner - It may have been molded from bronze, as was the Serpent in Numbers 21:8-9
Type - Thus Adam and Melchizedek, the prophetic and the priestly office, manna and the brazen Serpent, the smitten rock and the passage over Jordan, the Passover and the Day of Atonement, Canaan and the cities of refuge are scriptural types of Christ
Worm - zôch ăl ç‘ârets , ‘worms of the earth’ ( Micah 7:17 ), may possibly refer to true earthworms (which are comparatively rare in Palestine), but more probably to Serpents. See Serpent ( 10 )
Above - ...
The Serpent is cursed above all cattle
Patriarchs - The distinction between the seed of the woman and that of the Serpent appears in God's revealing Himself to the chosen as He did not to the world; hence their history is typical (Galatians 4:21-31; Hebrews 7:1-7; Matthew 24:37-39; Luke 17:28-32; Romans 9:10-13)
Hezekiah - He tried to restore the worship of Jehovah, removing "high places," and destroying the brazen Serpent; consult 2 Chronicles 28:22-25; for the final deportation of the Ten Tribes see 2 Kings 17:1-41; 2 Kings 18:9-12; and for his revolt against the Assyrians compare 2 Kings 18:1-37; 2 Chronicles 32:1-33
Curse, the - Man was not cursed; but the curse fell on the Serpent and on the ground: in sorrow man was to eat of the fruit of the ground all the days of his life, and in sorrow was the woman to bring forth children
Beguile - 1, is rendered "beguile," 2 Corinthians 11:3 ; the more adequate rendering would be "as the Serpent thoroughly beguiled Eve
Worm - ) A creeping or a crawling animal of any kind or size, as a Serpent, caterpillar, snail, or the like
Chaos - He quieted the sea, shattering Rahab, making the heavens fair, and piercing the fleeing Serpent (Job 26:12-13 ). In Revelation, when the ancient Serpent, personified as the satanic dragon, rises out of the sea challenging His kingdom, Christ utterly defeats the adversary forever
Adam - , Genesis 3:3 ); and this at once caused a stress and strain between his lower animal nature, pictured as a Serpent, and his higher aspirations after obedience ( Genesis 3:1-5 ) Scorpion - "...
Some writers consider the scorpion as a species of Serpent, because the poison of it is equally powerful: so the sacred writers commonly join the scorpion and Serpent together in their descriptions. Thus Moses, in his farewell address to Israel, Deuteronomy 8:15 , reminds them, that God "led them through the great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery Serpents and scorpions. " We find them again united in the commission of our Lord to his disciples, Luke 10:19 , "I give you power to tread upon Serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy;" and in his directions concerning the duty of prayer, Luke 11:11-12 , "If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion?"...
The scorpion is contrasted with an egg, on account of the oval shape of its body
Satan - of Wisdom ( Wis 2:24 : ‘by the envy of the devil death entered into the world’) we already meet with the identification of the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 with Satan, which afterwards became a fixed element in belief, and an allusion to the same idea may be detected in the Psalms of Song of Solomon 4:11 , where the prosperous wicked man is said to be ‘like a Serpent, to pervert wisdom, speaking with the words of transgressors. The Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24 becomes ‘the old Serpent’ who seduced Adam and Eve. Romans 16:20 , 2 Corinthians 11:2-3 ) and in the Apocalypse Satan is identified with the Serpent of Genesis 3:1-24
Simplicity - In the life of His loyal disciples dove-like simplicity is blended with the wisdom of the Serpent ( Matthew 10:16 )
Exalt, Exalted - A — 1: ὑψόω (Strong's #5312 — Verb — hupsoo — hoop-so'-o ) "to lift up" (akin to hupsos, "height"), is used (a) literally of the "lifting" up of Christ in His crucifixion, John 3:14 ; 8:28 ; 12:32,34 ; illustratively, of the Serpent of brass, John 3:14 ; (b) figuratively, of spiritual privileges bestowed on a city, Matthew 11:23 ; Luke 10:15 ; of "raising" to dignity and happiness, Luke 1:52 ; Acts 13:17 ; of haughty self-exaltation, and, contrastingly, of being "raised" to honor, as a result of self-humbling, Matthew 23:12 ; Luke 14:11 ; 18:14 ; of spiritual "uplifting" and revival, James 4:10 ; 1 Peter 5:6 ; of bringing into the blessings of salvation through the Gospel, 2 Corinthians 11:7 ; (c) with a combination of the literal and metaphorical, of the "exaltation" of Christ by God the Father, Acts 2:33 ; 5:31
Whale - As to the signification of the Hebrew terms tan and tannin , variously rendered in the Authorized Version by "dragon," "whale," "serpent," "sea-monster" see DRAGON
Owl - " But Gesenius "the arrow snake," or "the darting tree Serpent"; related to the Arabic kipphaz
Touch - 3:3 in the Garden of Eden story, where the woman reminds the Serpent that God had said: “Ye shall not eat of [1], neither shall ye touch it
Mel'Ita - Lewin saw such a Serpent there and that there may have been vipers in the wilder ancient times, even were none found there now
Hang - , that which they enjoin) upon the one great principle of love to God and one's neighbor (as a door "hangs" on a hinge, or as articles "hang" on a nail); in Acts 28:4 , of the Serpent "hanging" from Paul's hand; in Galatians 3:13 the word is used in a quotation from the Sept
Mouth - , Matthew 18:16 ; 21:16 ; Luke 1:64 ; Revelation 14:5 ; as emanating from the heart, Matthew 12:34 ; Romans 10:8,9 ; of prophetic ministry through the Holy Spirit, Luke 1:70 ; Acts 1:16 ; 3:18 ; 4:25 ; of the destructive policy of two world potentates at the end of this age, Revelation 13:2,5,6 ; 16:13 (twice); of shameful speaking, Ephesians 4:29 ; Colossians 3:8 ; (3) of the Devil speaking as a dragon or Serpent, Revelation 12:15,16 ; 16:13 ; (d) figuratively, in the phrase "face to face" (lit
Hezekiah - Hezekiah even destroyed the bronze Serpent Moses had erected in the wilderness (Numbers 21:4-9 ) so the people would not view the bronze Serpent as an object of worship
Eve - ...
The woman's role in the narrative about the fall is significant, not least because it is she who has the exchange with the Serpent, the agent of temptation. Some commentators suggest that this makes her more vulnerable than the man to the Serpent's intrigue in this regard, and that he addresses her specifically for this reason. ...
The only positive prospect mentioned by God as he spells out the fall's consequences is that, in the context of the ongoing enmity between the woman and her offspring, on the one hand, and the Serpent and his offspring, on the other, the woman's offspring will dominate the Serpent's (3:15). Paul, in 2 Corinthians 11:3 , expresses his fear that, as the Serpent cunningly deceived Eve, the thoughts of the Corinthians "may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ
Dualism - Isaiah 27:1 ‘leviathan the swift Serpent,’ ‘leviathan the crooked Serpent,’ ‘the dragon that is in the sea’). the evil Serpent, Psalms 89:10 , cf
Images - the golden calves and the Serpent Nehushtan) and human forms (cf
Dragon - Τan in Jeremiah 14:6, "dragons" "snuffing up the wind" is translated by Henderson jackals; rather the great boas and python Serpents are meant, which raise their body vertically ten or twelve feet high, surveying the neighborhood above the bushes, while with open jaws they drink in the air. The dragon temples are Serpentine in form; dragon standards were used in Egypt and Babylon, and among the widely-scattered Celts. Large whales do not often frequent the Mediterranean, which was the sea that the Israelites knew; they apply "sea" to the Nile and Euphrates, and so apply "tannin " to the crocodile, their horror in Egypt, as also to the large Serpents which they saw in the desert. In the New Testament it symbolizes Satan the old Serpent (Genesis 3), combining gigantic strength with craft, malignity, and venom (Revelation 12:3)
Gather - To coil as a Serpent
Likeness - 58:4 the word appears to function merely to extend the form but not the meaning of the preposition ke: “Their poison is like the poison of a Serpent
Burn - 21:6, 8, the term śârâph describes the Serpents that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness. They are referred to as “fiery” Serpents. A “fiery” flying Serpent appears in Serpentine form (albeit with wings, human hands, and voices) or beings that have a “glowing” quality about them
Foot - In killing a Serpent, the Syrian peasant, even with a stick in his hand, usually, after a blow or two, jumps upon the Serpent, and by a quick succession of stamps bruises it to death (Psalms 91:13, Romans 16:20)
Apocalypse - ...
It is an expanded illustration of the first great promise, "The seed of the woman shall bruise the head of the Serpent
Pergamos - ...
The Serpent (Satan's image) was sacred to him, charms and incantations were among medical agencies then, and Aesculapius was called "saviour
an'Tichrist - the devil, the Serpent of Genesis), continued for forty and two months, and was invested with the kingdom of the ten kings who destroyed the harlot Babylon, (Revelation 17:12,17 ) the city of seven hills
Hezekiah - He set himself to abolish idolatry from his kingdom, and among other things which he did for this end, he destroyed the "brazen Serpent," which had been removed to Jerusalem, and had become an object of idolatrous worship (Numbers 21:9 )
Witch And Wizard - Those familiar with the Syria and Arabia of our days inform us that old and young of all sects universally believe in the potency of "the evil eye," of incantations, charms, amulets, Serpent-charming, and exorcism; and that these superstitions exert a prodigious influence on oriental life
Justinus - The principal part is played by the third paternal angel, Baruch, the chief minister of good, and the third maternal, Naas, or the Serpent, the chief author of evil
Dan (1) - ...
Jacob's prophecy, "Dan shall be a Serpent in the way, . Mainly perhaps, by the Spirit, he has in view the old Serpent which was to "bruise the heel" of the promised Savior (Genesis 3:15), but ultimately to have its head bruised by Him; therefore he adds the desire of all believers, "I have waited for Thy salvation," which abrupt exclamation is thus clearly accounted for
Fall of Man - This account is, that a garden having been planted by the Creator, for the use of man, he was placed in it, "to dress it, and to keep it;"—that in this garden two trees were specially distinguished, one as "the tree of life," the other as: "the tree of the knowledge of good and evil;"—that from eating of the latter Adam was restrained by positive interdict, and by the penalty, "In the day thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die;"—that the Serpent, who was more subtle that any beast of the field, tempted the woman to eat, by denying that death would be the consequence, and by assuring her, that her eyes and her husband's eyes "would be opened," and that they would "be as gods, knowing good and evil;"—that the woman took of the fruit, gave of it to her husband, who also ate;—that for this act of disobedience they were expelled from the garden, made subject to death, and laid under other maledictions. " The enemies of Christ and his church are spoken of, both in the Old and New Testaments, under the names of "the Serpent," and "the dragon;" and the habit of the Serpent to lick the dust is also referred to by Isaiah. " "But I fear lest by any means, as the Serpent beguiled Eve through his subtlety, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. " In the last passage, the instrument of the temptation is said to be a Serpent, οφις , which is a sufficient answer to those who would make it any other animal; and Eve is represented as being first seduced, according to the account in Genesis
Devil - ...
Revelation 12:9 (a) (Serpent)
Christ - Some types of CHRIST:...
Aaron, Exodus 28:2 (c)...
Adam, Genesis 5:2 (c)...
Ark, (covenant), Exodus 25:10 (c)...
Ark, (Noah's), Genesis 6:14 (c)...
Ass, Genesis 49:14 (c)...
Author, Hebrews 5:9 (c)...
Bishop, 1 Peter 2:25 (a)...
Body, 1 Corinthians 12:12 (a)...
Branch, Zechariah 3:8 (a)...
Bread, John 6:51 (a)...
Bridegroom, Matthew 25:1 (b)...
Bullock, Leviticus 1:5 (c)...
Burnt Offering, Leviticus 1:3 (b)...
Calf, Revelation 4:7 (b)...
Captain, Hebrews 2:10 (a)...
Chief, Song of Solomon 5:10 (b)...
Commander, Isaiah 55:4 (b)...
Cornerstone, Isaiah 28:16 (a)...
Covert, Isaiah 32:2 (a)...
David, 2 Samuel 19:10 (c)...
Day, Psalm 118:24 (b)...
Door, John 10:9 (a)...
Eagle, Revelation 4:7 (b)...
Flour, Leviticus 2:1 (c)...
Foundation, Isaiah 28:16 (b)...
Fountain, Zechariah 13:1 (b)...
Garment, Isaiah 61:10 (b), Romans 13:14...
Gate, Psalm 118:20 (b)...
Gold, Isaiah 13:12 (a)...
Headstone, Psalm 113:22 (b)...
Heir, Hebrews 1:2 (a)...
Hen, Matthew 23:37 (a)...
Hiding Place, Isaiah 32:2 (a)...
High Priest, Hebrews 4:14 (a)...
Isaac, Genesis 24:36 (c)...
Jacob, Genesis 32:28 (c)...
Jonah, Matthew 12:40 (a)...
Joseph, Genesis 37:7 (c)...
Joshua, Joshua 1:1 (c)...
Judge, Acts 17:31 (a)...
King, Psalm 2:6 (a)...
Lamb, Revelation 5:6 (a)...
Leaves, Revelation 22:2 (c)...
Light, John 8:12 (a)...
Lily of the Valleys, Song of Solomon 2:1 (c)...
Lion, Revelation 5:5 (a)...
Manna, John 6:32 (a)...
Master of the House, Luke 13:25 (b)...
Meal, 2 Kings 4:41 (c)...
Mediator (umpire), 1 Timothy 2:5 (a)...
Melchizedek, Genesis 14:18 (c)...
Merchantman, Matthew 13:45 (b)...
Owl, Psalm 102:6 (a)...
Ox:, Ezekiel 1:10 (b)...
Passover, 1 Corinthians 5:7 (a)...
Peace Offering, Leviticus 3:1 (c)...
Pelican, Psalm 102:6 (a)...
Physician, Jeremiah 8:22 (c)...
Pigeon, Leviticus 12:6 (c)...
Propitiation (mercy seat), Romans 3:25 (a)...
Ram, Genesis 22:13 (a)...
Rock, Matthew 16:18 (a)...
Rock of Ages, Isaiah 26:4 (margin) (a)...
Rose of Sharon, Song of Solomon 2:1 (c)...
Root, Revelation 22:16 (a)...
Sabbath, Colossians 2:16-17 (b)...
Seed, Genesis 3:15 (a)...
Serpent, John 3:14 (a)...
Shepherd, John 10:11 (a)...
Sin, 2 Corinthians 5:21 (a)...
Sin Offering, Leviticus 4:32 (c)...
Solomon, 1 Kings 10:13 (c)...
Sower, Matthew 13:37 (a)...
Sparrow, Psalm 102:7 (a)...
Star, Revelation 22:16 (a)...
Sun, Malachi 4:2 (a)...
Temple, John 2:19 (a)...
Thief, Revelation 3:3 (a)...
Tree, Revelation 22:2 (b)...
Trespass Offering, Leviticus 5:6 (c)...
Turtle dove, Leviticus 1:14 (c)...
Vine, John 15:5 (a)...
Worm, Psalm 22:6 (a)...
Bel - " Selden thinks that this history ought rather to be considered as a poem or fiction, than a true account: as to the dragon, he observes, that Serpents, dracones, made a part of the hidden mysteries of the Pagan religion, as appears from Clemens Alexandrinus, Julius Firmicus, Justin Martyr, and others. See Serpent
Abyss - And he laid hold on the dragon, that old Serpent, which is the devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season," Revelation 20:1-3
Head - "The seed of the woman shall bruise the head of the Serpent," Genesis 3:15 ; that is, Christ Jesus, the blessed seed of the woman, shall overthrow the power, policy, and works of the devil
Victor, Claudius Marius - The Serpent is discerned by Eve, who urges Adam to take vengeance on him
Satan - ...
It would form subject sufficient for a volume more than a Concordance to enter into the particulars the Holy Bible hath given us concerning this old Serpent, the devil, and Satan which deceiveth the whole world. ...
Now the Scriptures of God relate to us that the devil, under the appearance of a Serpent, beguiled our first parents in the garden of Eden, prompted them to break the divine commands, and by so doing introduced death into the circumstrances of them and all their posterity. ) "And I saw an angel come down from heaven having the key of the bottomless pit, and a great chain in his hand; and he laid hold of the dragon, that old Serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that he must be loosed a little season
Idol - The bronze Serpent illustrates the Hebrews' propensity for idol worship. Moses set it up in the wilderness to allay a plague of Serpents (Numbers 21:1 ), but Israel retained it and made it an object of worship (2 Kings 18:4 )
Leviathan - Thus (Isaiah 27:1) "In that day the Lord, with his sore and great and strong sword, shall punish the leviathan,the piereing Serpent, even leviathan, that crooked, Serpents and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea. " The great enemy of souls will be reckoned with in the great day of God, and he shall be punished in due time; and subordinately to him, all the enemies of the church of Christ, the leviathans, and dragons, and Serpents which act in the devil's name, and fight in his cause, will come in also for the doom. Oh, how many leviathans, and Serpents, and scorpions, have the Lord's people, in the Lord's strength, contended with and conquered during their short pilgrimage state. Surely it may be said of the church now, as well as of the church of old, "the Lord thy God led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery Serpents, and scorpions and drought, where there was no water
Abaddon - The Serpent-like stinging tails correspond to Mohammedanism supplanting Christianity in large parts of Asia, Africa, and even Europe
Dragon - In each case, with the exception of 13:11 (‘as a dragon’), the reference is to the symbolical ‘great red dragon’ with seven heads and ten horns (12:3) who is expressly identified with ‘the old Serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan’ (v
Belshazzar - Isaiah, who represents the Babylonian dynasty as "the scourge of Palestine," styles Nebuchadnezzar "a Serpent," Evil Merodach "a cockatrice," and Belshazzar "a fiery flying Serpent," the worst of all, Isaiah 14:4-29
Devil - ...
In Genesis 3:1 the subtle Serpent coaxed Eve to get her husband to join her in disobeying God. This brought a curse upon the Serpent so that it crawls on its belly, eats dust, and is more cursed than any other animal ( Genesis 3:14 ). Revelation 12:9 reveals that the Serpent is Satan
Fear - ...
But I fear, lest by any means, as the Serpent beguiled Eve through his subtility, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ
ad'am - By the subtlety of the Serpent the woman who was given to be with Adam was beguiled into a violation of the one command which had been imposed upon them
Adam - ...
Being induced by the tempter in the form of a Serpent to eat the forbidden fruit, Eve persuaded Adam, and he also did eat
ad'am - By the subtlety of the Serpent the woman who was given to be with Adam was beguiled into a violation of the one command which had been imposed upon them
ad'am - By the subtlety of the Serpent the woman who was given to be with Adam was beguiled into a violation of the one command which had been imposed upon them
Lift - ...
4: ὑψόω (Strong's #5312 — Verb — hupsoo — hoop-so'-o ) "to lift or raise up" (akin to hupsos, "height"), is rendered by the verb "to lift up" in John 3:14 , of the brazen Serpent; of Christ in crucifixion (id
Ephod - Some authors are of opinion that this ephod, as it is called, was an idol; others, that it was only a trophy in memory of the signal victory obtained by Gideon, and that the Israelites paid a kind of divine worship to it; so that Gideon was the innocent cause of their idolatry, in like manner as Moses had been in making the brazen Serpent, which was afterward worshipped
Devil - He is called, "The prince of this world," John 12:31 ; "The prince of the power of the air," Ephesians 2:2 ; "The god of this world," 2 Corinthians 4:4 ; "The dragon, that old Serpent, the devil," Revelation 20:2 ; "That wicked one," 1 John 5:18 ; "A roaring lion," 1 Peter 5:8 ; "A murderer," "a liar," John 8:44 ; "Beelzebub," Matthew 12:24 ; "Belial," 2 Corinthians 6:15 ; "The accuser of the brethren," Revelation 12:10 . Christ shall bruise the Serpent's head; shall dispossess him for the world, as he has done from individuals, and at length confine him for ever in the place prepared for him and his angels, Matthew 25:41
Hezeki'ah - He also destroyed a brazen Serpent, said to have been the one used by Moses in the miraculous healing of the Israelites, (Numbers 21:9 ) which had become an object of adoration
Nicodemus - Yet he was genuinely open to conviction, for Christ unfolds to him fully His own divine glory as having "come down from heaven," and as even then while speaking to him "being in heaven" in His divine nature; also God's love in giving His Son, and salvation through the Son who should be lifted up, as the brazen Serpent was, to all who look to Him in faith, and condemnation to unbelievers. He remembers now Jesus had said He "must be lifted up," like the brazen "serpent," that all believers in Him might have eternal life
Fall of Man - " ...
On the monuments of Egypt are found representations of a deity in human form, piercing with a spear the head of a Serpent
Redeemer - Horus as Ra was "creator"; as Τeti , the "redeemer from the power" of Αpophis the "serpent", and of Τyphoon the "hippopotamus", representatives of the evil being; as Νets , Horus is "the deliverer of the justified"
Adam And Eve - In 2 Corinthians 11:3 , Eve's gullibility before the Serpent is presented as undesirable. They fell victim to the Serpent's lie (Genesis 3:4 )
Amulets And Charms - word being elsewhere associated with Serpent-charming
Dove - Christ bids His disciples to be harmless as doves, and to unite with such gentleness a wisdom like the Serpent’s (Matthew 10:16). ’ As the Serpent is the most cunning of the beasts of the field, so should the Lord’s disciples have wisdom to understand the subtleties of Satan; but no evil is to mix with such wisdom
Abyss - From it ‘the beast’ issues (Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8), and into it ‘the old Serpent which is the Devil and Satan’ is cast for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1-3)
Antichrist - , the devil, the Serpent of Genesis), who was invested with the kingdom of the ten kings
Throw - To cast to divest or strip one's self of to put off as, a Serpent throws his skin
Abyss - From it ‘the beast’ issues (Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8), and into it ‘the old Serpent which is the Devil and Satan’ is cast for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1-3)
Fall, the - ...
Since the account includes the role of a speaking Serpent in an environment of perfect peace, beauty, and well-being for Adam and Eve, critical scholars have proposed that the account is a myth. ...
Satan, with his wisdom and abilities, confronted Eve using a Serpent whose cunning ways Satan was able to use to his advantage. The relationship of harmony and trust between God and them, between man and woman, between them and the cosmos, as represented by the Serpent, was ruptured
Numbers, Book of - The further journeying led the people again to murmur, and God sent among them fiery Serpents. On the prayer of the people for the removal, of the Serpents, Moses made by divine directions a Serpent OF BRASS (q. ...
Then after the death of Aaron the high priest, which is the proper end of responsibility and its testing, we have a second part of the book, in which are seen the means by which the elect of God are brought to light, namely, the brazen Serpent, and the springing well — the acceptance of the cross, and the power of the Spirit. ...
In spiritual experiences the second part of the book runs concurrently with the first, for while in the type Israel did not come to the brazen Serpent until they had been thirty-eight years in the wilderness, Christians begin their spiritual course with the cross, which is the antitype of the brazen Serpent
Miracle - ...
Moses' rod made a Serpent, and restored, Exodus 4:3-4 7:10 . ...
Healing by the brazen Serpent, Numbers 21:8,9
Nail - In Christ's person "nailed to the cross," the law (Romans 3:21; Romans 7:2-6; Colossians 2:14) and the old Serpent (John 3:14; John 12:31-32) were nailed to it
Adam, the Second - Like the Serpent he says, "Take and eat" (Matthew 26:26 ), but this food brings life to the world (John 6:33 )
Eagle - Subsequently, Christ rescues His people "from the face of the Serpent" by giving His church the "two wings of a great eagle" (Revelation 12:14)
Michael - ), there is war in heaven, and Michael and his angels go forth to war with the great red dragon (otherwise described as ‘the old Serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan,’ Daniel 12:9) and his angels, with the result that the latter are overthrown and cast down to the earth
Ammon - Nahash, perhaps a common title of their kings, means a Serpent
Hezekiah, King of Judah - Because the people had burnt incense to the brazen Serpent, he brake it in pieces calling it 'a piece of brass
Gospel, the, - It was good news to Adam and Eve that the Seed of the woman should bruise the head of the Serpent. There will also be proclaimed THE EVERLASTING GOSPEL to the Gentiles, that which has been from the beginning, that the Seed of the woman should bruise the Serpent's head
Carmel - The fastnesses of this rugged mountain are so difficult of access, that the Prophet Amos classes them with the deeps of hell, the height of heaven, and the bottom of the sea: "Though they dig into hell," (or the dark and silent chambers of the grave,) "thence shall mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down; and though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the Serpent, and he shall bite them," Amos 9:2-3
Miracles - God gave him three signs to perform before them: his rod became a Serpent, and was again a rod; his hand became leprous, and was then restored; and he could turn the water of the Nile into blood. ...
Aaron's rod becomes a Serpent Exodus 7:10-12 ...
The Ten Plagues. ...
Curing the waters of Marah Exodus 15:23-25 ...
Manna from heaven Exodus 16:14-35 ...
Water from the rock at Rephidim Exodus 17:5-7 ...
Death of Nadab and Abihu Mark 11:12-241 - 2 ...
The earth swallows the murmurers, and...
the death of Korah, Dathan and Abiram Numbers 16:31-40 ...
Budding of Aaron's rod at Kadesh Numbers 17:8 ...
Water from the rock at Meribah Numbers 20:7-11 ...
The brazen Serpent: Israel healed Numbers 21:8 - 9 ...
Balaam's ass speaking Numbers 22:21-35 ...
Parting the Jordan Joshua 3:14-17 ...
In the Land
Lion - ...
Satan is the "roaring lion" as well as the subtle Serpent (1 Peter 5:8)
Hierapolis - John is also believed to have preached at Hierapolis, and the progress of Christianity there was represented as the victory over the Echidna or Serpent of aesculapius, which was identified with Satan
Brass (Brazen) - ...
Numbers 21:9 (a) This Serpent was made of brass to represent the Lord JESUS who, under the divine judgment of the GOD of Heaven, is made sin for us on the Cross
Adam - The Serpent, the woman, and the man receive their sentences, one of which is the unequal relationship of the man and the woman as the result of sin
Antichrist - in the story of the Temptation in Genesis 3, where, as in Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:2, the Serpent=the dragon; and in the later apocalyptic literature a dragon represents the hostile powers that rise up in opposition to God and His Kingdom (Pss. But a subsequent fusion of Beliar with the dragon was very natural, and we have a striking illustration of it when in Wisdom of Solomon 2:24 and elsewhere the Serpent of the Temptation is identified with the Devil. Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:2, where ‘the dragon, the old Serpent,’ is explained to be ‘the Devil and Satan. 11 ‘the beast that cometh up out of the abyss’ was evidently suggested by the dragon-myth as embodied in the Jewish Antichrist tradition, while the ‘great red dragon’ of Revelation 12:3, who is also described as ‘the old Serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan’ (Revelation 12:9), and who is clearly represented as the Antichrist (Revelation 12:4-5; Revelation 12:17), reproduces both the mythical dragon and the later Beliar-Satan conception, now fused into one appalling figure
Cain (1) - sinnest), sin lieth at the door ready to assail you as a Serpent" is tautology. Adam's sin now bears fratricide among its first and terrible fruits; and the seed of the Serpent stands forth thenceforward throughout man's history, as distinguished from the seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15)
Satan - "The old Serpent, the devil, and Satan, who deceiveth the whole world" (Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:23). Restless energy, going to and fro as the "roaring lion"; subtle instilling of venom, gliding steadily on his victim, as the "serpent" or "dragon"; shameless lust (Job 1:7; Matthew 12:43); so his victims (Isaiah 57:20)
Feast of the Immaculate Conception - It is in accord with the texts of Scripture (Genesis 3), "I will put enmities between thee [1] and the woman, and thy seed and her seed"; (Luke 1), "Hail, full of grace
Immaculate Conception - It is in accord with the texts of Scripture (Genesis 3), "I will put enmities between thee [1] and the woman, and thy seed and her seed"; (Luke 1), "Hail, full of grace
Immaculate Conception, Feast of the - It is in accord with the texts of Scripture (Genesis 3), "I will put enmities between thee [1] and the woman, and thy seed and her seed"; (Luke 1), "Hail, full of grace
Hezekiah - There seems no reason to doubt, however, that he destroyed the brazen Serpent, which had been an object of worship in the Temple (2 Kings 18:4 )
Lion - ...
The Scriptures speak of the old Serpent the devil under this character, as "a roaring lion going about seeking whom he may devour
Lucian - The Christian might indeed have profited by that ridicule, and have learned from the children of darkness to join the wisdom of the Serpent with the meekness of the dove
Devil - His assuming an animal form, that of a Serpent, and the fact of death existing in the pre-Adamite world, imply that evil probably was introduced by him in some way unknown to us, affecting the lower creation before man's creation. As the deceiver he is the "serpent
Isaiah, Book of - The power of Satan, "leviathan, the piercing Serpent, even leviathan that crooked Serpent" is destroyed, and worship established in Jerusalem
Doubt - On earth doubt was conceived and given birth in the garden when the Serpent cast doubt on God's character and goodness (Genesis 3:1-5 )
Eve - ...
Her first error was in harboring mentally for a moment the possibility insinuated by the Serpent, of God not having her truest interests at heart ("hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree?"), and of the "other" professing friend being more concerned for her good than God
Fulfill - In His being lifted up on the cross (John 3:14 ), Christ corresponded to the Serpent Moses raised in the wilderness (Numbers 21:9 )
Dan - ’ Genesis 49:17 says ‘Dan shall be a Serpent in the way, an adder in the path’; and Deuteronomy 33:22 , ‘Dan is a lion’s whelp,’ etc
Cassianus, Julius, a Heretical Teacher - ]'>[1] He quotes some passages from a treatise by Cassian on Continence (περὶ ἐγκρατείας ἢ περὶ εὐνουχίας) in which he wholly condemned sexual intercourse and referred its origin to instigations of our first parents by the Serpent alleging in proof 2Co_11:3
Archangel - Gabriel, speaking of him to Daniel, calls him ‘Michael your prince,' and ‘the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people;' that is, not for the nation of the Jews in particular, but for the children, the spiritual children, of that holy seed the elect people of God; a description which applies particularly to the Son of God, and to no one else; and in perfect consistence with this description of Michael in the book of Daniel, is the action assigned to him in the Apocalypse, in which we find him fighting with the old Serpent, the deceiver of the world, and...
victorious in the combat
Satan (2) - The temptation of our first parents is ascribed in Genesis to ‘the Serpent,’ and no interpretation is offered of the symbolism of the story. The complete revelation of such a being as the malignant author of evil was reserved for the time when, with the advent of Christ’s Kingdom, the minds of God’s people were prepared, without risk of idolatry, or of the mischievous dualism of such a religion as that of Zoroaster, to recognize in the Serpent of Eden and in the Satan who appeared as the adversary of Job and of Joshua, the great Adversary of God and man, whose power is to be feared and his temptations resolutely resisted, but from whose dark dominion the Son of God had come to deliver mankind. ...
Again, when the Seventy expressed their joy at the success of their mission, and exclaimed, ‘Lord, even the demons are subject unto us,’ Jesus replied, ‘I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven,’ and went on to say, ‘Behold, I give you power to tread upon Serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy’ (Luke 10:17-19). John in his First Epistle repeats the teaching of his Gospel, and in the Apocalypse identifies Satan with the Serpent of Eden, and seemingly also with the accuser of Job and of Joshua (Revelation 12:9-10), and foretells his coming doom
Evil - The Serpent of the Fall narrative cannot be pressed to mean more than a symbol of temptation, though the form which the temptation takes suggests hostility to the will of God external to the spirit of the woman ( 2 Corinthians 11:3 , cf
Evil - In Genesis 3:1 we read that the Serpent tempted Eve
Responsibility - Likewise, Eve sought to lay the blame on the Serpent (Genesis 3 )
Greetings - Interruption of prayer was forbidden, even to salute a king, nay, to uncoil a Serpent from the foot
Creation - The accounts of creation in Genesis 1-2 prepare the reader for the record of the first people being placed in the Garden of Eden, temptation by the Serpent, rebellion against God, expulsion from the garden, and the degenerating effect of sin in society. In a later speech Job expressed the effortless manner in which God created the universe (Job 26:7-11 ) and defeated Rahab and the Serpent (Job 26:12-13 )
Rock - Psalms 104:18 , Psa 30:19 refers to the mysterious gliding of the Serpent over a rock; Amos 6:12 , to the proverbial impossibility of horses running over crags
Suffer - Mark 5:26 ; in a dream, Matthew 27:19 ; through maltreatment, Luke 13:2 ; 1 Peter 2:19,20 ; by a Serpent (negatively), Acts 28:5 , RV, "took" (AV, "felt:" see FEEL , Note); (c) of the effect upon the whole body through the "suffering" of one member, 1 Corinthians 12:26 , with application to a church
Cross - The pole on which the brazen Serpent was lifted by Moses was the type (John 3:14; Numbers 21:8-9)
Backsliding - History is the process of differentiation between the two seeds: the seed of the woman and the seed of the Serpent (Genesis 3:15 )
Type - ...
THE BRAZEN Serpent as raised up by Moses, a look to which gave life — type of the condemnation of sin in the flesh in the death of Christ as the One lifted up on the cross, which thus became the door into eternal life
Nimrod - Thus nahash, the brazen "serpent" in the wilderness, was called by Hezekiah, in contempt, nehushtan, "a piece of brass," when he broke it in pieces, because it was perverted into an object of idolatrous worship by the Jews, 2 Kings 18:4
Eternal Life - ...
Eternal Life as Experienced in the Present and Future John compared the lifting up of the Serpent in the wilderness to the lifting up of the Son of Man on the cross and His exaltation to heaven
Devil, Satan, Evil, Demonic - Disguised as a Serpent, he was the agent of temptation for the first man and woman (Genesis 3:10 ; Revelation 12:9 ; Revelation 20:2 )
Rock - And whether he was preached as the rock, or the paschal lamb, or the manna, or the brazen Serpent, all pointed to Jesus, and in him all had their completion
Elkesai, Elkesaites - A similar baptism was prescribed as a remedy for the bite of a mad dog or a Serpent or for disease
Old - , the inhabitants of the world) just previous to the Flood, 2 Peter 2:5 ; (g) of the Devil, as "that old Serpent," Revelation 12:9 ; 20:2 , "old," not in age, but as characterized for a long period by the evils indicated
Messiah - He cursed the Serpent/Satan and all his followers. Still more expressions of the messianic task were given in the time of Moses; consider the pillar of fire (Christ is the light), manna (Christ is the living bread), the water from the rock (Christ is living water and the rock), and the lifted-up bronze Serpent (Christ is the lifted-up One who gives life)
Elijah - Self-love is a Serpent; and, like the famous Serpent in Scripture, it swallows up and swells out on all the other Serpents of which our hearts are full
Devil - That there are angels and spirits, good and bad, says an eminent writer; that at the head of these last, there is one more considerable and malignant than the rest, who, in the form, or under the name, of a Serpent, was deeply, concerned in the fall of man, and whose head, in the language of prophecy, the Son of Man was one day to bruise; that this evil spirit, though that prophecy be in part fulfilled, has not yet received his death's wound, but is still permitted, for ends to us unsearchable, and in ways which we cannot particularly explain, to have a certain degree of power in this world hostile to its virtue and happiness,—all this is so clear from Scripture, that no believer, unless he be previously "spoiled by philosophy and vain deceit," can possibly entertain a doubt of it. In the old Testament, particularly in the first two chapters of Job, this evil spirit is called Satan; and in the New Testament, he is spoken of under various titles, which are also descriptive of his power and malignity; as for example, he is called, "the prince of this world," John 12:31 ; "the prince of the power of the air," Ephesians 2:2 ; "the god of this world," 2 Corinthians 4:4 ; "the dragon, that old Serpent, the devil," Revelation 20:2 ; "the wicked one,"...
1 John 5:19
sa'Tan - In the first entrance of evil into the world, the temptation is referred only to the Serpent
Tradition - Paul’s references to the Rock that followed the Israelites (1 Corinthians 10:4), to the seducing of Eve by the Serpent (2 Corinthians 11:3), and to the ministry of angels (Galatians 3:19; cf
Rebels - Rebels they never were, nor of the seed of the Serpent
Cainites - According to the scanty information we possess about the Cainites, they seem to have formed one of the Gnostic sects which are classed together under the somewhat inadequate and perhaps misleading name ‘Ophites,’ though the Serpent, from which the name ‘Ophite’ is derived, seems to have played no part in their system
Deceit, Deception, Guile - Pfleiderer in Early Christian Conception of Christ (1905) devotes a chapter to the subject of Christ as the Conqueror of Satan—‘that old Serpent, called the Devil, which deceiveth the whole world’ (Revelation 12:9)
Antichrist - This dragon conception may with much probability be seen not only in the identification of the Serpent of the Temptation with the devil, but also in the beast of the Johannine Apocalypse, the great opponent of the Christ, and in the sea monster of Rabbinism
Moses - Turning his rod into a Serpent, and restoring it again:...
2. ...
At their second interview with Pharaoh, in obedience to the divine command, again requiring him to let the children of Israel go out of his land; Pharaoh, as foretold, demanded of them to show a miracle for themselves, in proof of their commission, when Aaron cast down his rod, and it became a Serpent before Pharaoh and before his servants, or officers of his court. The king then called upon his wise men and magicians, to know if they could do as much by the power of their gods, "and they did so with their enchantments; for they cast down every man his rod, and they became Serpents; but Aaron's rod swallowed up their Serpents. And, indeed, the original term, להטיהם , rendered "their enchantments," as derived from the root לאט , or לוט , to hide or cover, fitly expresses the secret deceptions of legerdemain, or sleight-of-hand, to impose on spectators: and the remark of the magicians, when unable to imitate the production of lice, which was beyond their skill and dexterity, on account of their minuteness,— "This is the finger of a God!"—seems to strengthen the supposition; especially as the Egyptians were famous for legerdemain and for charming Serpents: and the magicians, having had notice of the miracle they were expected to imitate, might make provision accordingly, and bring live Serpents, which they might have substituted for their rods. And though Aaron's Serpent swallowed up their Serpents, showing the superiority of the true miracle over the false, 2 Thessalonians 2:9 , it might only lead the king to conclude, that Moses and Aaron were more expert jugglers than Jannes and Jambres, who opposed them, 2 Timothy 3:8 . From an obscure passage in the New Testament, in which Michael the archangel is said to have contended with the devil about the body of Moses, Judges 1:9 , some have thought that he was buried by the ministry of angels, near the scene of the idolatry of the Israelites; but that the spot was purposely concealed, lest his tomb might also be converted into an object of idolatrous worship among the Israelites, like the brazen Serpent
Bible, Authority of the - It is supremely challenged by a creature of his own making in Genesis 3 : "Yea, hath God said ?" asks the Serpent of the woman (3:1 KJV), and the question reverberates down through the centuries that follow, all the way to the Book of Revelation, where the Almighty God "hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, king of kings and lord of lords, " and "death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. ...
The Serpent's question in Genesis 3 is not simply the most striking example of a challenge to the authority of God; it is the fruit of the challenge of Lucifer who as the devil stands behind, or within, the Serpent. It should be noted that the Serpent's challenge "Hath God said?" is, in particular, a challenge to the authority of the word of God, a claim to know better than the word that God has spoken
Numbers, Book of - ]'>[3] ); circuit round Edom; and the bronze Serpent (JE
C
Genesis, Theology of - Although the New Testament itself is not explicit in tracing Christ through all the related passages in Genesis, Christian interpreters have regarded Christ as the true "seed of the woman" who would fight against the Serpent (Genesis 3:15 ). It proclaims the victory of Christ over the Serpent (20:2) and free access to the tree of life for the redeemed (22:2)
Aaron - He became Moses’ spokesman, not to the people but to Pharaoh (7:1), in whose presence he changed the staff into a ‘reptile’ (contrast ‘serpent’ in 4:3 J Way - First, 'ôrach means “path” or “way” conceived as a marked-out, well-traveled course: “Dan shall be a Serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels …” ( Cast - To shed or throw off as, trees cast their fruit a Serpent casts his skin
Type - They were destroyed of Serpents; and a brazen Serpent was lifted up on a pole, that whosoever looked might live
Locust - They likened "the head of the locust to that of the horse; its breast to that of the lion; its feet to those of the camel; its body to that of the Serpent; its tail to that of the scorpion; its antennae, if I mistake not, to the locks of hair of a virgin; and so of other parts
Nicodemus - Whether it expressed faith in the Messiahship of the Crucified, ‘the Saviour typified by the brazen Serpent which Jesus had explained to him beforehand (John 3:14)’ (Godet), is less certain
Lie, Lying - ...
In the garden of Eden the Serpent denied the truth of God's pronouncement and encouraged the woman to act in defiance of divine truth (Genesis 3:4 )
Sign - Here are some of the signs mentioned in Scripture:...
Exodus 4:8 (a) Moses, taking the Serpent by the tail, represents the power of GOD over Satan and the power of the servant of GOD over the evil powers of earth
Ark - Nay, it is highly improbable that even men and domestic annuals could be saved, not to mention wild beasts, Serpents, &c, though we should admit that the antediluvians had shipping, unless we should suppose, also, that they had a divine intimation respecting the flood, such as Moses relates; but this would be to give up the cause of infidelity. Bryant finds reference to the ark in the temples of the Serpent worship, called Dracontia; and also in that of Sesostris, fashioned after the model of the ark, in commemoration of which it was built, and consecrated to Osiris at Theba; and he conjectures that the city, said to be one of the most ancient in Egypt, as well as the province, was denominated from it, Theba being the appellation of the ark
Gardens - To this circumstance the royal preacher alludes, in his observations of wisdom and folly: "He that diggeth a pit, shall fall into it: and whose breaketh a hedge, a Serpent shall bite him," Ecclesiastes 10:8
Millennium - And he laid hold on the dragon, that old Serpent, which is the devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and, after that, he must be loosed a little season
Temple - Another sacred object of like antiquity, the brazen Serpent (see Serpent Sincerity - He must not only be wise as a Serpent, but sincere, simple (ἀκέραιος) (Matthew 10:16) as a dove (cf
Africanus, Julius - Thus the author of the Cesti was better acquainted with Syria than with Libya; for he mentions the abundance of a certain kind of Serpent in Syria, and gives its Syrian name (Vet
Hezekiah - ) "Hezekiah also broke in pieces the brazen Serpent that Moses made," for previously "Israel did burn intense to it, and he called it Nehushtan" (piece of brass, nothing better: 2 Kings 18:4); a practical condemnation of "relics" when superstitiously venerated. ...
Yet in spite of the warning the brazen Serpent was reverenced by professing Christians in the church of Ambrose at Milan! (Prideaux, Connex. This was foretold by Isaiah (Isaiah 14:29-30): "Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the God of him that smote thee (Uzziah, 2 Chronicles 26:6) is broken (namely, under Ahaz), for out of the Serpent's (as Uzziah was regarded by the Philistines) root shall come forth a cockatrice," an adder, to the Philistines, Hezekiah; "and the firstborn of the poor (the poorest) shall feed" in safety, instead of constant alarms of Philistine invasions
Genesis, the Book of - So the early development of the enmity between the Serpent's seed and the seed of the woman, and the separation of the church from the world (Genesis 4:1-16; Genesis 4:25-26). Traditions of widely separated nations over the earth retain fragments of the account of the fall, the tree, the Serpent, the first pair, the flood
Magic, Divination, And Sorcery - ’ Very probably the expression is derived from nâchâsh , ‘a Serpent,’ with the underlying idea that the intimation was obtained by the worshipper through the assistance of the Serpent-god; another, but less likely, derivation is from the ‘hissing’ or ‘whispering’ tones of the diviner
Sin - Satan uses a Serpent to tempt Eve and Adam, first to question God, then to rebel against him. Will Adam and Eve heed their impressions or God's instructions? Will they listen to a creature or the Creator? Will they serve God or themselves? Who will judge what is right, God or humans? Who will see to the results? Ultimately, by taking the position of arbiter between the conflicting counsel of God and the Serpent, Eve and Adam have already elevated themselves over God and rebelled against him
Adam - And what more blessed task could have been set by God to man than to till, and water, and dress, and keep, and reap his own heart for God? And that the Serpent came in all his malignity mid subtlety and sowed tares in that mystical garden-that should only have given God's son and servant an embraced opportunity and an occasion of all joy to show to God and to the Serpent, to heaven and to hell, how much he loved and feared God for all that God had done for him
Divination - Μenachashim , "charmers of Serpents," from naachaash , "serpent," "to augur
Genesis - Trust in a wily Serpent rather than in God brings sin into the world and shows God's judgment on sin
Wilderness (2) - ...
The Gospel of John alludes twice to the sojourn of Israel in the wilderness (John 3:14 Moses lifting the Serpent, and John 6:31; John 6:40 the manna)
Childhood - Simon the Cananaean as a boy is nigh to death through having been bitten by a Serpent. Jesus makes the Serpent itself come and suck out all the poison from the wound; then He curses it, and immediately the creature bursts asunder
Animals - See Serpent below. See Serpent below
Adam - When called to judgment for this transgression before God, Adam attempted to cast the blame upon his wife, and the woman upon the Serpent tempter. But God declared them all guilty, and punished the Serpent by degradation; the woman by painful childbearing and subjection; and the man by agricultural labour and toil; of which punishments every day witnesses the fulfilment
Proverbs - ‘What man is there of you who, if his son shall ask of him a loaf, will give him a Serpent; or if he shall ask an egg, will give him a scorpion?’ (Matthew 7:10). ‘Prudent as the Serpents and simple as the doves’ (Matthew 10:16). The Serpent was a symbol of sharp-sightedness, and the dove, like the sheep, of simplicity and gentleness. Rabbinical comment on Song of Solomon 2:14 ‘Deus dixit Israelitis: “Erga me sunt integri sicut columbae, sed erga gentes astuti sunt sicut Serpentes” ’; see Wetstein)
Fulfillment - ...
Jesus himself gave sanction to this form of interpreting Old Testament events by describing the elevation of the Serpent in the wilderness (Numbers 21:8-9 ) as a type of symbol of his own saving work on Calvary (John 3:14-15 )
Plagues, the Ten, - Then Aaron's rod became "a Serpent (Authorized Version), or rather "a crocodile
Education (2) - Once, when some wondered if He were the Messiah, others answered that His origin was known, and, according to the Rabbinical teaching, the Messiah would appear suddenly, none would know whence, like a Serpent by the way or a treasure-trove (John 7:20-27; cf
Fall - 2 Samuel 24:1, where it is the Lord who moves David to number the people), yet it is not till we come to Wisdom of Solomon 2:24 that he is identified with the Serpent who tempted Eve: ‘But by the envy of the devil death entered into the world, and they that are of his portion mate trial thereof. Paul also makes use by way of warning: ‘But I fear, leer by any means, as the Serpent beguiled Eve in his craftiness, your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity and the purity that is toward Christ’ (2 Corinthians 11:3)
Revelation, Idea of - A chapter later, the next divine words"Where are you?" (3:9)represent the opening salvo in the sustained interchange that exposes sin and announces its penalty for Adam, Eve, the Serpent, and the world
Divination - He was conceived as a huge dragon, or old Serpent (Revelation 12:9; Revelation 13:11 Euchites - Then the demon went out in the spittle or in the mucus of the nose, or was seen to depart in smoke or in the form of a Serpent, and there was in like manner sensible evidence of the entrance of the Holy Spirit. Possibly language intended by them metaphorically was misunderstood; for they described the soul of him who had not Christ in him as the abode of Serpents and venomous beasts
Mediator - This is what is justly thought to be implied in the promise, that "the seed of the woman should bruise the Serpent's head;" that is, that there should some time or other be born, of the posterity of Eve, a Redeemer, who, by making satisfaction for the sins of men, and reconciling them to the mercy of almighty God, should by that means bruise the head of that old Serpent, the devil, who had beguiled our first parents into sin, and destroy his empire and dominion among men
Virgin Virginity - Paul uses the thought to safeguard the Corinthians from deception, so that the fate of Eve, whom the Serpent beguiled, might not be theirs
Pentateuch - He destroyed the relic, the brazen Serpent which remained from Moses' time, because of its superstitious abuse
Nicodemus - John had assailed the Temple representatives as a generation of vipers; and, while Jesus did not withdraw or apologise for one single syllable of His so-outspoken forerunner, He veiled His forerunner's strong language somewhat under the sacramental and evangelical typology of the Serpent in the wilderness
Devil - That certain animals were believed to be endowed with demonic power appears from Genesis 3:1-15 , though here the Serpent itself is represented as demonic, and not yet as possessed by an evil spirit ( Wis 2:24 , Romans 16:20 )
Greece, Religion And Society of - Delphi was also important for the Pythian Games celebrated every eight years in honor of Apollo's victory over the monster Serpent Python
Abortion - '" This manifestation of divine blessing in the form of posterity is echoed in God's judgment upon the Serpent ( Genesis 3:15 ), and continues as the heart of God's commitments to Abraham (Genesis 17:6,16 ; 21:1-2 ), Isaac (26:3-4,24), Jacob (28:14; 30:18,20; 33:5) and Israel (Deuteronomy 7:13 ); as the reward to Shiphrah and Puah, the Hebrew midwives, for their refusal to commit infanticide (Exodus 1:20-21 ); and as an assurance to wives who, being falsely accused of unfaithfulness, pass the ritual test for impurity (Numbers 5:28 )
Jeremiah, Theology of - She will flee like a hissing Serpent (46:22), and Moab, because of pride (48:29), will be emptied like jars (48:12)
Messiah - The seed of the woman and the Serpent (representing the power of evil) are to be engaged in prolonged conflict, in which both suffer injury
Demon, Demoniacal Possession, Demoniacs - ]'>[29] who is identical with the Serpent, is the chief of the demons. Luke 8:32), such as Serpents (cf
Manicheans - But an angel of light, or Christ Himself, the Spirit of the Sun, counteracted their artifices in the shape of the Serpent, the parts of the Biblical narrative being thus reversed, God's share being ascribed to the devil and vice versa
Necessity - Almost at the beginning of it He declares to Nicodemus that His purpose to give eternal life to believers can be achieved only by His death: ‘As Moses lifted up the Serpent in the wilderness, even so must (δεῖ) the Son of Man be lifted up’ (John 3:14)
Canon of the Old Testament - Variations appear in the reasons annexed even to the Decalogue; and the priests who offered incense to the brazen Serpent in the Temple in the days of Hezekiah cannot have regarded the Tables of the Law in the light of canonical Scripture
Pharaoh - And to satisfy Pharaoh, and to soften his heart, Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a Serpent
Balaam - It was the very same advice, to the letter, that Belial, the dissolutest spirit that fell, gave to the old Serpent
Deluge - In obedience to a divine nomination, he entered, with his sons and their wives, into a large ark, which they had built for their preservation; and immediately swine, and horses, and lions, and Serpents, and all other animals which live on earth, came to him by pairs, and were admitted by him into the ark. He entered it, having in all respects conformed to the instructions of Vishnu; who in the form of a vast fish, suffered the vessel to be tied with a great sea Serpent, as with a cable, to his measureless horn
Woman - The Serpent coaxes the woman to eat forbidden fruit, and her husband, in apparently more conscious disobedience (John 20:1-2,188 ), follows suit
Type - ), and of the Serpent uplifted by Moses in the wilderness to stand as a prophetic symbol of the truth that the Son of Man must be lifted up (John 3:14)
Metaphor - the comparison of a man to a lion, bear, panther, dog or swine, Serpent, eagle, raven, etc
Sin (2) - The old Serpent the devil (Revelation 12:9; Revelation 20:2) deceives the whole world (Revelation 12:9, Revelation 20:2; Revelation 20:10), having power (δύναμις, Revelation 13:2) and even authority (ἐξουσία, Revelation 13:4; cf
Assumption of Moses - 1) adds a reproach uttered by Michael to the Serpent: ‘a diabolo inspiratum Serpentem causam exstitisse praevaricationis Adae et Evae
Fall (2) - (1) Under the symbolism of the repulsion with which the Serpent species is regarded, there is conveyed the truth that there would be continual and deadly conflict between the human race and the powers of evil, each seeking to destroy the other
Create, Creation - Neither can God be faulted, for, despite the fact that the Serpent which becomes the agent of temptation in this episode is a creature that God has made (3:1), it is a subordinate creature over which humans are to exercise dominion (1:26-28; 2:19-20)
Hell - The dragon is obviously an old Semitic myth, and this particular form of it probably gives fresh significance to the words in Revelation 20:2 : ‘the dragon, the old Serpent, which is the Devil and Satan
Lust - The idea is the Jewish one that the devil tempted Cain to murder his brother Abel, and that the Serpent deceived Eve (cf
Egypt - The Serpent has been the object of religious respect to one half of the nations of the known world
Hell - The dragon is obviously an old Semitic myth, and this particular form of it probably gives fresh significance to the words in Revelation 20:2 : ‘the dragon, the old Serpent, which is the Devil and Satan
Moses - ...
His intercessions restored Miriam, stayed plagues and Serpents, and procured water out of the rock (Exodus 32:10-11; Exodus 32:20-25, Exodus 32:31-32). Jehovah gave Moses two signs as credentials to assure him of his mission: the transformation of his long "rod" of authority (as on Egyptian monuments) or pastoral rod into a "serpent," the basilisk or cobra, the symbol of royal and divine power on the Pharaoh's diadem; a pledge of victory over the king and gods of Egypt (compare Mark 16:18; Moses' humble but wonder working crook typifies Christ's despised but allpowerful cross)
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - Ultimately both of these promises find their roots in the statement of Genesis 3:15 that the offspring of the woman would crush the head of the Serpent
Announcements of Death - The brazen Serpent of the older history serves as an illustration (John 3:14), but ‘das göttliche “δεῖ” Todesschicksals’ (Schwartzkopff, Die Weissagungen Jesu Christi, p
Prophecy - And, on the other hand, things were used to symbolize persons, as the brazen Serpent and the paschal lamb were signs of our healing and spotless Redeemer, Exodus 12:46 ; John 3:14 ; John 19:36
John, the Gospel by - Man, being a sinner, his whole status as in the flesh, whether Jew or Gentile, is regarded as judged and set aside in the lifting up of the Son of man, the antitype of the brazen Serpent, and life is found for man beyond death
Sea of Galilee - There would be rocky stretches, especially to the north-east of the Lake, covered with brambles, wild mustard, and coarse grass, or dotted with prickly bushes (nubk), where the wolf, the jackal, the fox, and the hyaena would make their homes, and where the brown Serpent and the silvery-breasted poisonous snake would glide about
Egypt - ...
The papyrus Sallier I represents Apophis' reign as cruel and ending in an internecine He and his predecessors rejected the national worship for of Sutech = Set = the evil principle Typhon exclusively; his name Apepi means the great Serpent, enemy of Ra and Osiris
Messiah - Hosea’s prophecies of prosperity which would come to the nation when it turned from idols and alliances with heathen nations to the forgiving Jehovah may, as current criticism insists, belong to a later period than that usually accorded them; but in them we find little or nothing of the noble universalism to be seen in the promised victory of the seed of the woman over the Serpent ( Genesis 3:14-15 )
John, Theology of - The Son of Man is to be ‘lifted up’ like the Serpent in the wilderness ( 1 John 3:17-18 ), and will draw all men unto Himself ( John 12:32 )
Possession - _ Satan was identified with a Serpent
Old Testament (ii. Christ as Student And Interpreter of). - In John’s Gospel there is a reference (2 Chronicles 3:14) to the brazen Serpent raised by Moses in the wilderness, and in His controversy with the Sadducees our Lord shows His acquaintance with the passage in the life of Moses that relates the revelation at the burning bush (Mark 12:26)
Poet - A Serpent or a scorpion among food (Matthew 7:10, Luke 11:12), a foul cup or platter whose exterior gave promise of cleanliness (Matthew 23:25), the corruption of moth and rust among treasures of garments or metal (Matthew 6:19), are among His casual notes of observation
Gregorius (14) Nazianzenus, Bishop of Sasima And of Constantinople - Gregory claims that he had even then discerned his character in his very looks; and that he used to warn their fellow-students that Rome was cherishing a Serpent ( Orat
Jesus Christ - Not only did the paschal lamb, which was to be killed every year in all the families of Israel, which was to be taken out of the flock, to be without blemish, to be eaten with bitter herbs, to have its blood sprinkled, and to be kept whole that not a bone of it should be broken; not only did the offering up of Isaac, and the lifting up of the brazen Serpent in the wilderness, by looking upon which the people were healed, and many ritual observances of the Jews, prefigure the manner of Christ's death, and the sacrifice which was to be made for sin; but many express declarations abound in the prophecies, that Christ was indeed to suffer
Holy Ghost - Again: If the personality of the Son and the Spirit be allowed, and yet it is contended that they were but instruments in creation, through whom the creative power of another operated, but which creative power was not possessed by them; on this hypothesis, too, neither the Spirit nor the Son can be said to create, any more than Moses created the Serpent into which his rod was turned, and the Scriptures are again contradicted
Egypt - No hint of the Pythagorean doctrine of metempsychosis, attributed by Herodotus to the Egyptians, has yet been found in their writings; but spells were given to the dead man by which he could voluntarily assume the form of a lotus, of an ibis or a heron or a Serpent, or of the god Ptah, or ‘anything that he wished
Tertullianus, Quintus Septimius Florens - The name and the form only made us laugh, says Tertullian; and then he retorts: "But our opponents might well have worshipped such a biformed deity: for they have dog-headed and lion-headed gods, gods with horns, gods with wings, gods goat-limbed, fish-limbed, or Serpent-limbed from the loins!"...
(b ) Tertullian turns from what Christianity was not to what it was, and the main lines of the evidences of Christianity in the 2nd cent