What does Sela mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
מֵהַסֶּ֖לַע crag 1
הַסֶּ֖לַע a place in Edom. 1
מִסֶּ֣לַע a place in Edom. 1
סֶ֔לַע a place in Edom. 1

Definitions Related to Sela

H5554


   1 a place in Edom.
      1a perhaps an early name for ‘Petra’.
      Additional Information: Sela = “the rock”.
      

H5553


   1 crag, cliff, rock.
      1a crag, cliff.
      1b as stronghold of Jehovah, of security (fig.
      ).
      

Frequency of Sela (original languages)

Frequency of Sela (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Sela-Hammahlekoth
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Sela
SELA means ‘rock,’ ‘cliff,’ or ‘crag,’ and as a common noun is of frequent occurrence in Hebrew. In three or four passages ( Judges 1:36 , 2 Kings 14:7 , Isaiah 16:1-14 :l, and, according to some, Isaiah 42:11 ) the word appears to be a proper name. In Judges 1:36 a site near the southern end of the Dead Sea is required by the context. Such a site would also satisfy the requirements of 2 Kings 14:7 and Isaiah 16:1 . But it is not improbable that more than one place was known as ‘the Cliff ( or Crag).’ It is therefore not Impossible, though far from certain, that the Sela of 2 Kings 14:7 (cf. Joktheel) and Isaiah 16:1 is, as RVm [1] in the latter passage suggests, and as many have held, the place known later as Petra (which also means ‘rock’). Petra lay about 50 miles nearly due south of the Dead Sea, in a valley ‘enclosed on every side by nearly perpendicular rocks of considerable height’ and ‘composed of sand-stone of many different colours.’ It was the capital of the Nahatæans from the close of the 4th cent. b.c. to the heginning of the 2nd cent. a.d. (when it became a Roman province), and during that period a busy commercial centre. For some description of the buildings of Petra and the rock architecture which have given the city great fame, see Bædeker’s Palestine , p. 206, and the literature there cited. ‘The general character of the buildings at Petra is that of the debased Roman style of the 3rd and 4th centuries a.d.’ Apart from the Biblical statements enumerated above, the history of Petra before the Nahatæan period is unknown.
G. B. Gray.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Sela-Hammahlekoth
SELA-HAMMAHLEKOTH . A rock or cliff in the wilderness of Maon, at which Saul ‘returned from pursuing after David’ ( 1 Samuel 23:28 ). The site is uncertain.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Sela
=Se'lah, rock, the capital of Edom, situated in the great valley extending from the Dead Sea to the Red Sea (2 Kings 14:7 ). It was near Mount Hor, close by the desert of Zin. It is called "the rock" (Judges 1:36 ). When Amaziah took it he called it Joktheel (q.v.) It is mentioned by the prophets (Isaiah 16:1 ; Obadiah 1:3 ) as doomed to destruction. It appears in later history and in the Vulgate Version under the name of Petra. "The caravans from all ages, from the interior of Arabia and from the Gulf of Persia, from Hadramaut on the ocean, and even from Sabea or Yemen, appear to have pointed to Petra as a common centre; and from Petra the tide seems again to have branched out in every direction, to Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, through Arsinoe, Gaza, Tyre, Jerusalem, and Damascus, and by other routes, terminating at the Mediterranean." (See EDOM [1].)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Sela-Hammahlekoth
("the rock of divisions".) (Targum, Midrash, Rashi), "the rock of escapes" (Gesenius): 1 Samuel 23:28. S.E. of Judah, in the wilderness of Maon, where David was on one side of the mountain, Saul on the other. A message announcing a Philistine invasion caused "divisions" in Saul's mind, whether to pursue David still or go after the invaders. David narrowly escaped.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Sela
celah , "the rock," Greek petra (2 Kings 14:7); Isaiah 16:1, translated "send ye the lamb ("tribute") from Sela through the wilderness to the" king of Judah; Amaziah had subjected it (2 Kings 14:7). See for its rocky position Judges 1:36; 2 Chronicles 25:12; Obadiah 1:3; Numbers 24:21; Isaiah 42:11; Jeremiah 49:16. The city Petra, 500 Roman miles from Gaza, two days' journey N. of the gulf of Akabah, three or four S. from Jordan. In Mount Seir, near Mount Hor; taken by Amaziah, and named Joktheel, i.e. subdued by God, man without God could not take so impregnable a place (Psalms 60:9; Joshua 15:38); afterward in Moab's territory. In the fourth century B.C. the Nabathaeans' stronghold against Antigonus. In 70 B.C. the Arab prince Aretas resided here. The emperor Hadrian named it Hadriana, as appears from a coin.
It lay in a hollow enclosed amidst cliffs, and accessible only by a ravine through which the river winds across its site. A tomb with three rows of columns, a triumphal arch, and ruined bridges, are among the remains. Laborde and Linant traced a theater for sea fights which could be flooded from cisterns. This proves the abundance of the water supply, if husbanded, and agrees with the accounts of the former fertility of the district, in contrast to the barren Arabah on the W. Selah means a cliff or peak, contrasted with eben , a "detached stone or boulder". The khazneh , "treasury," in situation, coloring, and singular construction is unique. The facade of the temple consisted of six columns, of which one is broken. The pediment has a lyre on its apex. In the nine faces of rock are sculptured female figures with flowing drapery. (Palmer supposes them to be the tone muses with Apollo's lyre above.)
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Sela, Selah
The rock city of Edom. 2 Kings 14:7 ; Isaiah 16:1 . The same Hebrew word is that usually translated 'rock.' The place was taken by Amaziah, who called it JOKTHEEL, q.v. It is judged to be the same as PETRA (which occurs in the margin of Isaiah 16:1 ). Petra is a remarkable place. Though about two thousand feet above the sea, it is shut in by mountain-cliffs, and is entered by a narrow ravine, through which also the river winds. The tombs cut in the rocks are large, especially one called el Khuzneh, which has three rows of columns. The tiers of a theatre remain, a triumphal arch, and ruined bridges. There is a sort of awe-inspiring grandeur in the place. Petra lies 30 22' N, 35 43' E .
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Sela
A rock
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Sela-Hammah-Lekoth
Rock of divisions
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Sela
Sela or Selah (sç'lah), the rock, and named Joktheel. 2 Kings 14:7; Isaiah 16:1. Rendered "rock" in Judges 1:36; 2 Chronicles 25:12. Probably the city later known as Petra, the ruins of which are found about two days' journey north of the Gulf of Akabah, It was in the midst of Mount Seir, in the neighborhood of Mount Hor, and therefore Edomite territory. About 70 b.c. Petra appears as the residence of the Arab princes named Aretas. Trajan reduced it to subjection to the Roman empire. Petra lay, though at a high level, in a hollow three-quarters of a mile long and from 800 to 1600 feet wide, shut in by mountain cliffs, and approached only by a narrow ravine, through which the river winds. There are extensive ruins at Petra of Roman date.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sela
The name of a place mentioned in 2 Kings 14:7 , where it is said that Amaziah king of Judah slew ten thousand men of Edom, in the valley of Salt, and took Sela by war, and called the name of it Isaiah 16:1 , and may be intended by the word Sela, translated rock, in Obadiah 1:3-16 Isaiah 42:11 . The ruins of this place were in modern times first visited by Burckhardt, 1812, and attest the splendor of the ancient city. He says, "At the distance of a two long days' journey northeast from Akabah, is a rivulet and valley in the Djebel Shera, on the east side of the Arabah, called Wady Mousa. This place is very interesting for its antiquities and the remains of an ancient city, which I conjecture to be Petra, the capital of Arabia Petraea, a place which, as far as I know, no European traveller has ever visited. In the red sandstone of the which the valley is composed are upwards of two hundred and fifty sepulchres, entirely cut out of the rock, the greater part of them with Grecian ornaments. There is a mausoleum in the shape of a temple, of colossal dimensions, likewise cut out of the rock, with all its apartments, its vestibule, peristyle, etc. It is a most beautiful specimen of Grecian architecture, and in perfect preservation. There are other mausolea with obelisks, apparently in the Egyptian style, a whole amphitheater cut out of the rock, with the remains of a palace and of several temples. Upon the summit of the mountains, which closes the narrow valley on its western side, (Mount Hor,) is the tomb of Haroun, or Aaron. It is held in great veneration by the Arabs." That this was indeed the ancient Sela or Petra is established by various concurring proofs; Josephus, Eusebius, and Jerome affirm that the location and ruins correspond with the notices given in the Bible, and by Pliny and Strabo.
Subsequent travellers, especially Laborde, have given minute and graphic description of this wonderful city, with drawings of the principal ruins. The valley of Petra, 2,200 feet above the great valley El-Arabah, is about a mile long from north to south, and half a mile wide, with numerous short ravines in its sides, making its whole circuit perhaps four miles. It is accessible through ravines at the north and the south; but the cliffs, which define it on the east and west, are precipitous, and vary from two hundred to one thousand feet in height. The main passage into the city is on the east, and begins between cliffs forty feet high and fifty yards apart, which soon become higher, nearer, and full of excavated tombs. This winding ravine is a mile long, and gives entrance to a small brook; its sides at one place are but twelve feet apart and two hundred and fifty feet high. At the termination of this narrow gorge you confront the most splendid of all the structures of Petra, el-Khusneh, the temple mentioned by Burckhardt, hewn out of the face of the opposite cliff. Here you enter a wider ravine, which leads northwest, passes the amphitheatre in a recess on the left, and at length opens on the great valley of the main city towards the west. The tombs excavated in these, and in all the side gorges, are without number, rising range above range; many of them are approached by steps cut in the rock, while others are inaccessible, at the height of nearly four hundred feet. The theatre was so large as to accommodate more than three thousand persons. The palace, called Pharaoh's house by the Arabs, is the chief structure not excavated in the mountain that survives in any good degree the ravages of time; it was evidently a gorgeous building. Most of the valley is strewn with the ruins of public edifices and with fragments of pottery. The brook flows through the valley towards the west, and passes off through a narrow gorge like that by which it entered. One of the finest temples, the Deir, stands high up in a ravine on the west side. It is hewn out of the solid rock, are eight feet in diameter. A singular charm is thrown over the whole by the beauty of the stone from which these various structures are wrought. It is fine and soft sandstone, variegated with almost every variety of hues, red, purple, black, white, azure, and yellow, the deepest crimson and the softest pink blending with each other, while high above the sculptured monuments the rocks rise in their native rudeness and majesty. The whole strange and beautiful scene leaves on the spectator's mind impressions, which nothing can efface.
Petra was an ancient city, a strong fortress, and for many ages an important commercial center. It was the chief city among scores, which once filled that region. Yet the prophets of God foretold its downfall, and its abandonment to solitude and desolation, in terms which strikingly agree with the facts. "Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thy heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the Lord," Jeremiah 49:7-22 . See also Isaiah 34:5-15 Ezekiel 35:1-15 Joel 3:19 Amos 1:11,12 Judges 1:36 . When its ruin took place we are not informed. There were Christian churches there in the fifth and sixth centuries, but after A. D. 536 no mention is made of it in history.

Sentence search

Petra - See Sela
Petra - (See Sela
Petra - Petra is sometimes identified with Sela (Judges 1:36 ; 2 Kings 14:7 ; Isaiah 16:1 ; Isaiah 42:11 ), because both names mean, “rock. ” Lack of archaeological evidence of Edomite settlement in the basin suggests that Sela is better identified with Um el Bayyarah on the mountain plateau overlooking Petra
Joktheel - See Sela
Sela-Hammahlekoth - Sela-HAMMAHLEKOTH
Joktheel - King Amaziah captured Selah from Edom and renamed it Joktheel (2 Kings 14:7 ). It may be modern es-Sela northwest of Bozrah. See Selah
Joktheel - ]'>[1] , ‘protection of God’) given ( 2 Kings 14:7 ) to Sela , the ancient capital of the Edomites, after its capture by Amaziah king of Judah
Valley - See view in Sela
Arabia Petraea - See Sela
Sela - Sela means ‘rock,’ ‘cliff,’ or ‘crag,’ and as a common noun is of frequent occurrence in Hebrew. ’ It is therefore not Impossible, though far from certain, that the Sela of 2 Kings 14:7 (cf
Sela - Sela or Selah (sç'lah), the rock, and named Joktheel
Rock - The rocks named in OT are Oreb ( Judges 7:25 , Isaiah 10:26 ), Etam ( Judges 15:8 ), Rimmon ( Judges 20:45 ; Judges 21:13 ), the crags Bozez and Seneh ( 1 Samuel 14:4 ), Sela-hammahlekoth ( 1 Samuel 23:28 ). ]'>[2] ‘ Sela ’) is a proper name. Sela or Petra, the rock-city par excellence ; in Judges 1:36 (RVm [3] ‘Sela’) the identification is doubtful; es-Safieh , ‘a bare and dazzling white sandstone promontory 1000 ft. In Deuteronomy 32:31 , Isaiah 31:9 the title is given to heathen gods, but in the latter passage the word Sela is used
Salt, Valley of - ...
(4) Amaziah brought 10,000 prisoners to Sela (Petra), Edom's stronghold, and cast them down; he would scarcely bring so many prisoners from near the Dead Sea, 50 miles through a hostile and difficult country; more likely the valley of Salt was nearer Petra
Rock - One is Sela, 'an elevation of strength, immovable': used symbolically for Jehovah as the rock of His people: "Jehovah is my rock and my fortress
Levirate Marriage - The custom existed before the Mosaic legislation, for Juda gave Thamar to Onan by this custom, and acknowledged that he should have given her to Sela (Genesis 38)
Mesha - from Sela unto
Marriage, Levirate - The custom existed before the Mosaic legislation, for Juda gave Thamar to Onan by this custom, and acknowledged that he should have given her to Sela (Genesis 38)
Edom - Bozrah and Sela, or Selah, were its chief cities. the Nabatheans took Petra (which is supposed to be the same as Sela, q
Edom - Possibly the Hebrew term Sela translated “rock” in this passage should be understood as a proper name, “Sela. An alternate candidate for biblical Sela favored by some scholars, Umm el-Biyara at Petra, seems too far south from either the valley of salt or the center of Edomite population. See Transjordan ; Esau ; Bozrah ; Nabateans ; Petra ; Sela
Sela - celah , "the rock," Greek petra (2 Kings 14:7); Isaiah 16:1, translated "send ye the lamb ("tribute") from Sela through the wilderness to the" king of Judah; Amaziah had subjected it (2 Kings 14:7). Selah means a cliff or peak, contrasted with eben , a "detached stone or boulder"
Sela - The name of a place mentioned in 2 Kings 14:7 , where it is said that Amaziah king of Judah slew ten thousand men of Edom, in the valley of Salt, and took Sela by war, and called the name of it Isaiah 16:1 , and may be intended by the word Sela, translated rock, in Judges 1:36 Isaiah 42:11 . " That this was indeed the ancient Sela or Petra is established by various concurring proofs; Josephus, Eusebius, and Jerome affirm that the location and ruins correspond with the notices given in the Bible, and by Pliny and Strabo
Aretas - ]'>[1] Charethath ) of several kings of the Nahatæan Arabs whose capital was Petra (Sela), and whose language for purposes of writing and commerce was an Aramaic dialect, as is seen from the existing inscriptions
Idumea - The capital of East Idumaea was Bozra; but the chief capital of Edom was Petra, or Sela, that is, the rock, because it was excavated in part from a mountain. See Sela
e'Dom, Idumae'a - Sela (Petra) appears to have been the principal stronghold in the days of Amaziah (B
Maon - Saul was on one side of the mountain, David on the other, when a message announcing a Philistine invasion called Saul away; the rock that separated the pursuer and the pursued was called "Sela-hammahlekoth," the rock of divisions
Edom - It extended from the head of the Gulf of Akabah, the Elanitic gulf, to the foot of the Dead Sea (1 Kings 9:26 ), and contained, among other cities, the rock-hewn Sela (q
ka'Desh, ka'Desh-Bar'ne-a - Standing out from the mountain range at the northward of the beautiful oasis amphitheater was the 'large single mass or small hill of solid rock' which Rowlands looked at as the cliff (sela) smitten by Moses to cause it to 'give forth its water' when its flowing had ceased
Edom, Edomites - 1 Kings 22:47-48 ), and Edomites helped him in his war with Moab ( 2 Kings 3:1-27 ); in the reign of Joram, his successor, the Edomites regained their independence after a bloody revolution ( 2 Kings 8:20-21 ); at the beginning of the next century Amaziah reconquered them for a short time, capturing Sela, and slaughtering a large number of them ( 2 Kings 14:7 )
Edom - ...
Chief of Edom’s mountain towns were Sela, Bozrah and Teman (2 Kings 14:7; Isaiah 34:6; Isaiah 63:1; Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 49:22; Amos 1:11-12)
Rock - Among the rocks mentioned in Scripture are Sela (Judges 1:36, Revised Version ), Oreb (Judges 7:25), Etam (Judges 15:8), and Rimmon (Judges 20:45)
Edom - The Edomites became "dwellers in the clefts of the rocks" (2 Samuel 10:10-191; compare 2 Chronicles 25:11-12), like their Horite predecessors who were troglodytes or "dwellers in caves" (Obadiah 1:3-4) Petra (Sela, Hebrew, rock), their chief city, was cut in the rocks. ...
Amaziah of Judah killed many thousands in the Valley of Salt near the Dead Sea, and took Selah, afterward Joktheel, the first mention of this extraordinary city (2 Kings 14:7), and adopted their gods of mount Seir
Trade And Commerce - A system of roads leading from Arabia, Egypt, and Mesopotamia appears to have converged at Sela or Petra, whence two branches spread northwards, to Gaza and to the eastern shore of the Dead Sea, continuing northwards on the left bank of the Jordan
Immorality, Sexual - Sela, improperly translated "rib" in many versions) of Adam and fashions it into a genetic counterpart that is specifically female, and which matches Adam's maleness for purposes of reproducing the species
Hieronymus, Eusebius (Jerome) Saint - ; Sela and Diapsalma , xxviii