What does Sabaoth mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Sabaoth
SABAOTH . See God, 2 ( h ), and Lord of Hosts.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Sabaoth
1: σαβαώθ (Strong's #4519 — Noun — sabaoth — sab-ah-owth' ) is the transliteration of a Hebrew word which denotes "hosts" or "armies," Romans 9:29 ; James 5:4 . While the word "hosts" probably had special reference to angels, the title "the Lord of hosts" became used to designate Him as the One who is supreme over all the innumerable hosts of spiritual agencies, or of what are described as "the armies of heaven." Eventually it was used as equivalent to "the Lord all-sovereign." In the prophetical books of the OT the Sept. sometimes has Kurios Sabaoth as the equivalent of "the LORD of hosts," sometimes Kurios Pantokrator, in Job, it uses Pantokrator to render the Hebrew Divine title Shadday (see ALMIGHTY).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Sabaoth
The transliteration of the Hebrew word Tsebha'oth , Meaning "hosts," "armies" ( Romans 9:29 ; James 5:4 ). In the LXX. the Hebrew word is rendered by "Almighty." (See Revelation 4:8 ; Compare Isaiah 6:3 .) It may designate Jehovah as either (1) God of the armies of earth, or (2) God of the armies of the stars, or (3) God of the unseen armies of angels; or perhaps it may include all these ideas.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Sabaoth
‘Lord of Sabaoth’ (i.e. ‘Lord of Hosts,’ יְהֹוָה צְבָאֹוח) is a common title for Jahweh in the prophets, with the exception of Hosea and Ezekiel. The appellation may not have originated with them, but they invested it with a deeper significance. What was the original meaning of the title is still a subject of dispute. Some take the ‘Hosts’ in question as the armies of Israel which Jahweh leads on to victory (Judges 4:14), while others find an allusion to the stars, the host of heaven, or to the armies of angels (but it is contended that in the plural צְבָאוֹת is used only of earthly warriors). Whatever the original meaning of the phrase, it came afterwards to denote the all-controlling power of God, as represented by the rendering of the Septuagint κύριος παντοκράτωρ; cf. 2 Corinthians 6:18 (also κύριος τῶν δυνάμεων). Sometimes, however, the Septuagint renders κύριος Σαβαώθ as in Isaiah 1:9, which is reproduced verbatim from the Septuagint in Romans 9:29. The only other instance of the use of the phrase in the NT is James 5:4, where God is so named to suggest the awful majesty of the great Judge who will avenge the oppression of the poor. There are several instances in Rev. of the title made familiar by the Septuagint , κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ παντοκράτωρ, ‘Lord God Almighty.’
G. Wauchope Stewart.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Sabaoth
(ssa ba' ohth) Transliteration of Hebrew meaning, “hosts, armies, heavenly bodies.” Part of a divine title, “Lord of Hosts” variously interpreted as Lord of Israel's armies (compare 1 Samuel 17:45 ); the deposed Canaanite nature gods whose title Yahweh assumed; the stars; members of Yahweh's heavenly court or council; a comprehensive title for all beings, heavenly and earthly; an intensive title describing God as all powerful. Interestingly, the title does not appear in Genesis through Judges. The earliest Greek translation at times translated Sabaoth as a proper name, sometimes as Almighty, and sometimes not at all. The title was apparently closely tied to Shiloh and the ark of the covenant (1Samuel 1:3, 1 Samuel 1:11 ; 1 Samuel 4:4 ; 1 Samuel 6:2 ). When David brought the ark to Jerusalem, he also introduced the title Yahweh of Hosts to Jerusalem worship (2 Samuel 6:2 ). Yahweh Sabaoth seems to have emphasized God's place as divine king enthroned on the cherubim with the ark as His footstool ruling over the nation, the earth, and the heavens (Psalm 24:10 ). He is the God without equal (Psalm 89:8 ) who is present with His people (Psalm 46:7 ,Psalms 46:7,46:11 ; compare 2 Samuel 5:10 ).
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Sabaoth
We meet with this word twice in the New testament. (Romans 9:29 and James 5:4) Perhaps the word might be more properly read Zabaoth, armies, from Tzaba, army, (Jeremiah 11:20) And when joined to the incommunicable name of JEHOVAH, it forms together that glorious title The Lord of hosts, or armies. And when we call to mind that the whole creation of God are his armies, what a sense of greatness and glory do such ideas awaken in the mind! It may serve in some measure to teach us the reverence Moses, the man of God, endeavoured to impress the children of Israel with when he proclaimed JEHOVAH under these characters—"that thou mayest fear (said Moses) this glorious and fearful name, the Lord thy God." (Deuteronomy 28:58)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Sabaoth, Lord of
Hebrew tsebaot (not Sabbath, an altogether different word), i.e. "of hosts", namely, of the heavenly powers (1 Kings 22:19; Psalms 103:21; Psalms 148:2; Romans 9:29; James 5:4, reminding the rich who think the poor have no advocate that the Lord of the whole hosts in heaven is their patron). Implying the boundless resources at His command for His people's good (Psalms 59:5). The sabaoth included both the angelic and starry hosts. The latter were objects of the idolatry, hence called sabaism (2 Kings 17:16). God is above even them (1 Chronicles 16:26). The "groves" symbolized these starry hosts. In contrast, Jehovah is the Lord of them, therefore alone to be worshipped. The title does not occur in the Pentateuch, nor earlier than 1 Samuel 1:3, but in the singular Joshua 5:14-15.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Sabaoth
See HOSTS, LORD OF.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Sabaoth
Lord of hosts
Webster's Dictionary - Sabaoth
(1):
(n. pl.) Armies; hosts.
(2):
(n. pl.) Incorrectly, the Sabbath.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Sabaoth
or rather Zabaoth, a Hebrew word, signifying hosts or armies, יהוה צבאות , Jehovah Sabaoth, The Lord of Hosts. By this phrase we may understand the host of heaven, or the angels and ministers of the Lord; or the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; or, lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenant, which is truly a great army, of which God is the Lord and commander.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Sabaoth
Sabaoth (săb'a-ŏth or sa-bâ'oth), hosts. The phrase "Lord of Sabaoth" occurs twice in the New Testament, in Romans 9:29 and James 5:4 It should not be mistaken as referring to the Sabbath. But it is the Greek transliteration of the Hebrew Tsebaoth, "hosts" or "armies," so often recurring in the Old Testament, "the Lord of hosts," Isaiah 1:9, "the Lord God of hosts," i.e., the heavenly bodies, the angels, or the people of God.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sabaoth
(Hebrew: army, hosts)
Title of majesty applied chiefly to God, "the Lord of Hosts," hosts meaning whatever suggests strength or power; the armies of Israel; the angelic hosts of Heaven; the might and beauty of the universe.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sabaoth
Or rather Tsabaoth, hosts or armies. JEHOVAH SABAOTH is the Lord of Hosts; and we are to understand the word hosts in the most comprehensive sense, as including the host of heaven, the angels and minister of the Lord; the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; the armies of earth, whose conflicts his providence overrules to the accomplishment of his own wise designs; the hordes of inferior creatures, as the locusts that plagued Egypt, the quails that fed Israel, and "the canker-worm and the palmer-worm, his great army," Joel 2:15 ; and lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenants, a truly great army, of which God is the general and commander, 2 Samuel 6:2 Psalm 24:10 Romans 9:29 James 5:4 .
King James Dictionary - Sabaoth
SABAOTH, n. Armies a word used, Romans 9:29 , James 5:4 , the Lord of Sabaoth.
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Sabaoth
The Hebrew word for "Hosts." The words "Lord God ofSabaoth," to be found in the Te Deum, mean the same as "Lord God ofHosts" in the Ter Sanctus in the Communion Service.

Sentence search

Sabaoth - Sabaoth, n. Armies a word used, Romans 9:29 , James 5:4 , the Lord of Sabaoth
Sabaoth - Sabaoth
Sabaoth - Sabaoth (săb'a-ŏth or sa-bâ'oth), hosts. The phrase "Lord of Sabaoth" occurs twice in the New Testament, in Romans 9:29 and James 5:4 It should not be mistaken as referring to the Sabbath
Sab'Aoth, the Lord of, - occurs in (Romans 9:29 ; James 5:4 ) but is more familiar through its occurrence in the Sanctus of Te Deum --"Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Sabaoth. " Sabaoth is the Greek form of the Hebrew word tsebaoth "armies," and is translated in the Authorized Version of the Old Testament by "Lord of hosts," "Lord God of hosts
Armies - And hence, that expression in the hymn, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Sabaoth, or rather Zebaoth, which signifies, hosts or armies. ...
See Sabaoth...
Sabaoth - 1: σαβαώθ (Strong's #4519 — Noun — Sabaoth — sab-ah-owth' ) is the transliteration of a Hebrew word which denotes "hosts" or "armies," Romans 9:29 ; James 5:4 . sometimes has Kurios Sabaoth as the equivalent of "the LORD of hosts," sometimes Kurios Pantokrator, in Job, it uses Pantokrator to render the Hebrew Divine title Shadday (see ALMIGHTY)
Sabaoth - or rather Zabaoth, a Hebrew word, signifying hosts or armies, יהוה צבאות , Jehovah Sabaoth, The Lord of Hosts
Sabaoth - The earliest Greek translation at times translated Sabaoth as a proper name, sometimes as Almighty, and sometimes not at all. Yahweh Sabaoth seems to have emphasized God's place as divine king enthroned on the cherubim with the ark as His footstool ruling over the nation, the earth, and the heavens (Psalm 24:10 )
Sabaoth, Lord of - The Sabaoth included both the angelic and starry hosts
Sabaoth - Or rather Tsabaoth, hosts or armies. JEHOVAH Sabaoth is the Lord of Hosts; and we are to understand the word hosts in the most comprehensive sense, as including the host of heaven, the angels and minister of the Lord; the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; the armies of earth, whose conflicts his providence overrules to the accomplishment of his own wise designs; the hordes of inferior creatures, as the locusts that plagued Egypt, the quails that fed Israel, and "the canker-worm and the palmer-worm, his great army," Joel 2:15 ; and lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenants, a truly great army, of which God is the general and commander, 2 Samuel 6:2 Psalm 24:10 Romans 9:29 James 5:4
God - ...
Adon Jehovah Sabaoth, Isaiah 19:4 , the Lord, the LORDOF HOSTS. ...
Adonai Jehovah Sabaoth, Jeremiah 2:19 , the Lord GOD of hosts. ...
Jehovah Elohim Sabaoth Adonai, Amos 5:16 , the LORD,the God of hosts, the Lord. ...
Jehovah Sabaoth, Jeremiah 46:18 , the LORDof hosts. ...
Jehovah Sabaoth Elohim, Jeremiah 27:4 , etc. ...
Lord of Sabaoth, Romans 9:29 ; James 5:4
Hosts, Lord of - as the LORD OF Sabaoth
Sabaoth - ‘Lord of Sabaoth’ (i
Almighty - That it renders Shaddai rather than Sabaoth seems proved (in spite of Revelation 4:8 from Isaiah 6:3 ) by the fact that it always either stands alone or qualifies ‘God,’ never ‘Lord
Lord of Hosts - ]'>[2] has the form ‘ Lord of Sabaoth ’), where it is singularly appropriate in the passionate denunciation of the oppression practised by the unscrupulous landowners, recalling as it does the spirit of the Hebrew prophets
Ark of the Covenant - Sometimes it is identified rather with the name of deity, “the ark of God,” or “the ark of the Lord” (Yahweh), or most ornately “the ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts (Yahweh Sabaoth) who is enthroned on the cherubim” (1 Samuel 4:4 )
Cry - ...
In this connexion the passage in James 5:4 deserves notice: ‘Behold the hire of your lahourers … crieth out (κράζει); and the cries (βοαί) of them that reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth
God - ...
( h ) Jahweh Tsĕbâôth (‘Sabaoth’ of Romans 9:29 and James 5:4 ), in Ev ‘Lord of hosts’ (wh. We have the same conjunction, with ‘Sabaoth’ added (‘Lord God of hosts’), in Amos 5:27 . ‘Adonai’ with ‘Sabaoth’ is not uncommon
Tongues, Gift of - Hebrew and Aramaic words spoken in the spirit or quoted from the Old Testament often produced a more solemn effect upon Greeks than the corresponding Greek terms; Compare 1 Corinthians 16:22, Μaranatha , 1 Corinthians 12:3; Lord of Sabaoth , 1 John 4:2-3; Αbba , the adoption cry, Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:6; Alleluia, Revelation 19:1; Revelation 19:6; Hosannah, Matthew 21:9; Matthew 21:15
Names of God - ...
Yahweh-Sabaoth “The Lord of Hosts” ( 1 Samuel 1:3 ; Jeremiah 11:20 ; compare 1 Samuel 17:45 )
Hosanna - —One of the Hebrew words which (like , Hallelujah, Sabbath, Sabaoth) have passed, transliterated and not translated, from the vocabulary of the Jewish to that of the Christian Church
James, Epistle of - Abraham is ‘our father’ ( James 2:21 ), and God bears the OT title ‘Lord of Sabaoth’ ( James 5:4 ) [3]
Idol - In opposition to this error God is called "Lord God of Sabaoth
Worship - 34: ‘For the Scripture saith; Ten thousands of ten thousands stood by Him, and thousands of thousands ministered unto Him: and they cried aloud, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Sabaoth; all creation is full of His glory