What does Punishment mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אֲשִׁיבֶ֑נּוּ to return 8
פְּקֻדָּתָ֖ם oversight 4
פְּקֻדָּתָֽם oversight 3
κόλασιν correction 2
פְּקֻדָּתְךָ֣ oversight 1
פְּקֻדָּתָ֛ם oversight 1
פְּקֻדָּ֔ה oversight 1
הַפְּקֻדָּ֗ה oversight 1
וָאֶפְקֹ֥ד to attend to 1
פוֹקֵד֙ to attend to 1
וּפָקַדְתִּ֥י to attend to 1
פָּקְדִ֔י to attend to 1
עֹ֑נֶשׁ fine 1
עֲוֺנֵךְ֙ perversity 1
עֲוֺ֣ן perversity 1
עֲוֺנ֣וֹת perversity 1
ἐπιτιμία punishment. 1
עֲוֺנִ֖י perversity 1
כַּעֲוֺ֥ן perversity 1
כַּֽעֲוֺן֙ perversity 1
עָו֑וֹן perversity 1
עָוֺ֖ן perversity 1
נֶ֙גַע֙ stroke 1
מֽוּסָדָ֔ה foundation 1
וְחַטַּאת֙ sin 1
חַטַּ֣את sin 1
מֵֽחַטַּ֖את sin 1
؟ (חֲטָאָֽיו) sin. 1
גְּ֝מ֗וּל dealing 1
נֶאְשָֽׁמוּ to offend 1
τιμωρίας a rendering help. / assistance. / vengeance 1
κρίμα a decree 1
בַּעֲוֺ֥ן perversity 1

Definitions Related to Punishment

H7725


   1 to return, turn back.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to turn back, return.
            1a1a to turn back.
            1a1b to return, come or go back.
            1a1c to return unto, go back, come back.
            1a1d of dying.
            1a1e of human relations (fig).
            1a1f of spiritual relations (fig).
               1a1f1 to turn back (from God), apostatise.
               1a1f2 to turn away (of God).
               1a1f3 to turn back (to God), repent.
               1a1f4 turn back (from evil).
            1a1g of inanimate things.
            1a1h in repetition.
      1b (Polel).
         1b1 to bring back.
         1b2 to restore, refresh, repair (fig).
         1b3 to lead away (enticingly).
         1b4 to show turning, apostatise.
      1c (Pual) restored (participle).
      1d (Hiphil) to cause to return, bring back.
         1d1 to bring back, allow to return, put back, draw back, give back, restore, relinquish, give in payment.
         1d2 to bring back, refresh, restore.
         1d3 to bring back, report to, answer.
         1d4 to bring back, make requital, pay (as recompense).
         1d5 to turn back or backward, repel, defeat, repulse, hinder, reject, refuse.
         1d6 to turn away (face), turn toward.
         1d7 to turn against.
         1d8 to bring back to mind.
         1d9 to show a turning away.
            1d10 to reverse, revoke.
      1e (Hophal) to be returned, be restored, be brought back.
      1f (Pulal) brought back.
      

H6486


   1 oversight, care, custody, mustering, visitation, store.
      1a visitation, Punishment.
      1b oversight, charge, office, overseer, class of officers.
      1c mustering.
      1d store.
      

H5771


   1 perversity, depravity, iniquity, guilt or Punishment of iniquity.
      1a iniquity.
      1b guilt of iniquity, guilt (as great), guilt (of condition).
      1c consequence of or Punishment for iniquity.
      

H2403


   1 sin, sinful.
   2 sin, sin offering.
      2a sin.
      2b condition of sin, guilt of sin.
      2c Punishment for sin.
      2d sin-offering.
      2e purification from sins of ceremonial uncleanness.
      

G2851


   1 correction, Punishment, penalty.
   Additional Information: For synonyms see entry 5098, timoria.
   See entry 5859 for comparison of synonyms.
   

H6485


   1 to attend to, muster, number, reckon, visit, punish, appoint, look after, care for.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to pay attention to, observe.
         1a2 to attend to.
         1a3 to seek, look about for.
         1a4 to seek in vain, need, miss, lack.
         1a5 to visit.
         1a6 to visit upon, punish.
         1a7 to pass in review, muster, number.
         1a8 to appoint, assign, lay upon as a charge, deposit.
      1b (Niphal).
         1b1 to be sought, be needed, be missed, be lacking.
         1b2 to be visited.
         1b3 to be visited upon.
         1b4 to be appointed.
         1b5 to be watched over.
      1c (Piel) to muster, call up.
      1d (Pual) to be passed in review, be caused to miss, be called, be called to account.
      1e (Hiphil). 1e1 to set over, make overseer, appoint an overseer. 1e2 to commit, entrust, commit for care, deposit.
      1f (Hophal).
         1f1 to be visited.
         1f2 to be deposited.
         1f3 to be made overseer, be entrusted.
      1g (Hithpael) numbered.
      1h (Hothpael) numbered.
   2 musterings, expenses.
   

H5061


   1 stroke, plague, disease, mark, plague spot.
      1a stroke, wound.
      1b stroke (metaphorical of disease).
      1c mark (of leprosy).
      

G2009


   1 Punishment.
   

G2917


   1 a decree, judgments.
   2 judgment.
      2a condemnation of wrong, the decision (whether severe or mild) which one passes on the faults of others.
      2b in a forensic sense.
         2b1 the sentence of a judge.
         2b2 the Punishment with which one is sentenced.
         2b3 condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence.
   3 a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court.
   

H1576


   1 dealing, recompense, benefit.
      1a dealing (of one’s hand).
      1b recompense.
      1c benefit.
      

H6066


   1 fine, penalty, indemnity.
   

H2399


   1 sin.
      1a sin.
      1b guilt for sin.
      1c Punishment for sin.
      [4]

H816


   1 to offend, be guilty, trespass.
      1a (Qal).
         1a1 to do wrong, offend, trespass, commit an offense, do injury.
         1a2 to be or become guilty.
         1a3 to be held guilty.
         1a4 to be incriminated.
      1b (Niphal) to suffer Punishment.
      1c (Hiphil) to declare guilty.
   2 (TWOT) to be desolate, acknowledge offense.
   

H4145


   1 foundation, appointment.
   

G5098


   1 a rendering help.
   2 assistance.
   3 vengeance, Punishment, penalty.
   Additional Information: For synonyms see entry 2851, kolasis.
   See entry 5859 for comparison of synonyms.
   

Frequency of Punishment (original languages)

Frequency of Punishment (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Everlasting Punishment
Protracted, continual and eternal judgment. The word “everlasting” immediately calls to mind end-of-time realities. “Punishment” introduces the ideas of wrongdoing and evil. Thus, to wrestle with the idea of “everlasting punishment” is to grapple with notions of time, justice, evil, and the end of time. The Old Testament never directly addresses the issue of “everlasting punishment.” Only God, his attributes, his word, his dwelling place and his possessions are everlasting (for example, Genesis 21:33 ; Deuteronomy 33:27 ; Psalm 41:13 ; Isaiah 33:27 ). All “punishment” in the Old Testament is executed within history (e.g., plagues, wars, famine, sickness, exile, etc.). Though one can find expressions of individual guilt, punishment and forgiveness in the Psalms, and though one can find the language of universal judgment in the prophets—that is, that unfaithful Israel and all the nations of the world will be historically punished—it is not until after the Old Testament that the notions of “eternal punishment” or “everlasting judgment” are developed.
According to the early church's teaching (Hebrews 6:2 ), the eternal fate of creation and human beings is bound up with gospel preaching and thus with the end-of-time events of Jesus' death, resurrection and promised return. The opposite of “eternal life,” “everlasting punishment” is thought of as an “eternal fire,” a “second death” or an “eternal destruction.” The language paints a picture of endless suffering, loss, doom and separation from the presence of God. Such end-of-time trauma befalls the evil, angelic powers which oppose God (Matthew 24:41 ; Jude 1:6 ; Revelation 19:3 ) and those human beings who willfully continue in “sin”—a decision which demonstrates solidarity with the evil powers (Matthew 25:46 ; Mark 3:29 ; Jude 1:13 ; Revelation 14:11 ). The remarkable New Testament teaching is that “everlasting punishment” in some ways has already begun in the revelation of the gospel. The gospel is a present, historical revelation of end-of-time righteousness and wrath (Romans 1:16-17 ). To some, the gospel brings eternal life—for others, eternal death (2 Corinthians 2:15-16 ). This eternal judgment which begins with the preaching of the Gospel will be culminated and concluded at the end of time. At the time of Jesus' appearance, all evil will be destroyed and all humans who continued in opposition to God will receive their eternal sentencing (2 Thessalonians 1:9 ).
Carey C. Newman
Holman Bible Dictionary - Everlasting Punishment
Protracted, continual and eternal judgment. The word “everlasting” immediately calls to mind end-of-time realities. “Punishment” introduces the ideas of wrongdoing and evil. Thus, to wrestle with the idea of “everlasting punishment” is to grapple with notions of time, justice, evil, and the end of time. The Old Testament never directly addresses the issue of “everlasting punishment.” Only God, his attributes, his word, his dwelling place and his possessions are everlasting (for example, Genesis 21:33 ; Deuteronomy 33:27 ; Psalm 41:13 ; Isaiah 33:27 ). All “punishment” in the Old Testament is executed within history (e.g., plagues, wars, famine, sickness, exile, etc.). Though one can find expressions of individual guilt, punishment and forgiveness in the Psalms, and though one can find the language of universal judgment in the prophets—that is, that unfaithful Israel and all the nations of the world will be historically punished—it is not until after the Old Testament that the notions of “eternal punishment” or “everlasting judgment” are developed. According to the early church's teaching (Hebrews 6:2 ), the eternal fate of creation and human beings is bound up with gospel preaching and thus with the end-of-time events of Jesus' death, resurrection and promised return. The opposite of “eternal life,” “everlasting punishment” is thought of as an “eternal fire,” a “second death” or an “eternal destruction.” The language paints a picture of endless suffering, loss, doom and separation from the presence of God. Such end-of-time trauma befalls the evil, angelic powers which oppose God (Matthew 24:41 ; Jude 1:6 ; Revelation 19:3 ) and those human beings who willfully continue in “sin”—a decision which demonstrates solidarity with the evil powers (Matthew 25:46 ; Mark 3:29 ; Jude 1:13 ; Revelation 14:11 ). The remarkable New Testament teaching is that “everlasting punishment” in some ways has already begun in the revelation of the gospel. The gospel is a present, historical revelation of end-of-time righteousness and wrath (Romans 1:16-17 ). To some, the gospel brings eternal life—for others, eternal death (2 Corinthians 2:15-16 ). This eternal judgment which begins with the preaching of the Gospel will be culminated and concluded at the end of time. At the time of Jesus' appearance, all evil will be destroyed and all humans who continued in opposition to God will receive their eternal sentencing (2 Thessalonians 1:9 ).
Carey C. Newman
Charles Spurgeon's Illustration Collection - Sin: Punishment of
What a diabolical invention was the 'Virgin's kiss,' once used by the fathers of the Inquisition! The victim was pushed forward to kiss the image, when, lo, its arms enclosed him in a deadly embrace, piercing his body with a hundred hidden knives. The tempting pleasures of sin offer to the unwary just such a virgin's kiss. The sinful joys of the flesh lead, even in this world, to results most terrible, while in the world to come the daggers of remorse and despair will cut and wound beyond all remedy.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Punishment
Endless, of the impenitent and unbelieving. The rejection of this doctrine "cuts the ground from under the gospel...blots out the attribute of retributive justice; transmutes sin into misfortune instead of guilt; turns all suffering into chastisement; converts the piacular work of Christ into moral influence...The attempt to retain the evangelical theology in connection with it is futile" (Shedd).
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Eternal Punishment
Divinely instituted penalty of endless suffering, including banishment from God's blessed presence.
The Old Testament . A study of God's major judgments (e.g., the flood and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah) shows that the Old Testament focuses on premature death when dealing with the fate of the ungodly, not on life after death.
If the predominant evangelical view is correct, in the Old Testament sheol sometimes refers to a netherworld to which the wicked go at death. Sheol therefore, takes us beyond the primary judgment passages and speaks of life after death, although in vague terms.
Two passages paint a clearer picture of the final destiny of the wicked. Isaiah uses earthly images of corpses beset by an undying worm and inextinguishable fire to point to the final doom of the wicked—eternal punishment (66:24). Daniel teaches that whereas the godly will be raised to never-ending life, the wicked will be raised to never-ending disgrace (12:2).
The New Testament . Jesus' Teaching . The doctrine of hell ultimately derives from Jesus. He uses images of darkness and separation to communicate God's rejection of unbelievers and their exclusion from his blessed presence (Matthew 7:23 ; 8:12 ; 22:13 ; 25:30 ; Luke 13:27-28 ). Fire imagery signifies the horrible suffering of the unrighteous (Matthew 13:40-42,49-50 ; 18:8-9 ; 25:41 ; Mark 9:44,48 ; Luke 16:23-25,28 ). It is significant that Jesus uses the "weeping and gnashing of teeth" image to qualify other images: "the fiery furnace" (2 Thessalonians 1:5-9 ), darkness and separation (Revelation 21:3-46 ; 22:13 ; 25:30 ; Luke 13:28 ), and being cut into pieces (Matthew 24:51 ).
Jesus teaches that the suffering of the ungodly in hell is "eternal punishment" (Matthew 25:46 ; cf. John 5:28-29 ). Pictures of death and destruction speak of the ruin of all that is worthwhile in human existence (Matthew 10:28 ).
The Apostles' Teaching . The apostles reinforce Jesus' teaching, although they mention the topic less frequently. Paul combines pictures of punishment, destruction, and separation in Matthew 13:42,50 : God will "punish those who do not know God, and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and from the majesty of his power."
Jude speaks of hell in terms of fire when he cites Sodom and Gomorrah as an earthly example of "those who suffer the punishment of eternal fire" (v. 7). He employs the image of darkness when he likens false teachers to "wandering stars, for whom the blackest darkness has been reserved forever" (v. 13).
Revelation combines the Old Testament picture of the wicked drinking the cup of God's wrath (e.g., Psalm 75:7-8 ; Jeremiah 25:15-29 ) with hell-fire to depict the perpetual, conscious torment of the wicked (Revelation 14:10-11 ). In Revelation 20 the devil is cast into the lake of fire, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown "one thousand years" earlier ( Revelation 19:20 ). They had not been annihilated; in fact, John says that all three "will be tormented day and night for ever and ever" (20:10). Lost human beings share the same fate (v. 15: cf. Revelation 21:8 ). The Apocalypse closes with the picture of the City of God representing God's comforting presence with his people (1619169446_25 ). The wicked are not exterminated, but are outside the city, cut off from the blessings of God (Revelation 22:15 ).
Purposes of the Doctrine of Hell . Why does God teach such a terrible doctrine in his Word? For two reasons: to provide believers with powerful motivation for evangelism, and to make us grateful to him who redeemed us by suffering the pains of hell for us, both negatively (poena damni, the deprivation of the Father's love, Matthew 27:45-46 ) and positively (poena sensus, the positive infliction of torments in body and soul, Matthew 26:38-39,42 , 44 ; John 18:11 , against the Old Testament background of the cup of God's wrath ).
Robert A. Peterson
See also Destroy, Destruction ; Fire ; Hell ; Lake of Fire
Bibliography . M. de S. Cameron, ed., UNIVersalism and the Doctrine of Hell ; W. V. Crockett, ed., Four Views on Hell ; W. V. Crockett and J. G. Sigountos, eds., Through No Fault of Their Own? The Fate of Those Who Have Never Heard ; L. Dixon, The Other Side of the Good News ; D. L. Edwards and J. Stott, Evangelical Essentials ; M. J. Erickson, The Evangelical Mind and Heart ; E. Fudge, The Fire That Consumes ; J. Hick, Evil and the God of Love ; idem, Death and Eternal Life ; R. A. Morey, Death and the Afterlife ; C. Pinnock, A Wideness in God's Mercy ; J. A. T. Robinson, In the End God ; J. Sanders, No Other Name: An Investigation into the Destiny of the Unevangelized .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Capital Punishment
The death penalty legally sanctioned by a society or government for extremely serious offenses. Capital punishment was legislated in ancient Israel and appears to be divinely ordered. Whether this divine sanction was for all time and places is a matter of biblical interpretation for today.
Offenses Calling for Capital Punishment: 1. Intentional homicide (Exodus 21:12 ; Leviticus 24:17 ; Numbers 35:16-21 ,Numbers 35:16-21,35:29-34 ); 2 . False witnessing in capital cases (Deuteronomy 19:16-21 ); 3 . Idolatry (Leviticus 20:1-5 ; Deuteronomy 13:2-19 ; Deuteronomy 17:2-7 ); 4 . Abducting persons for slavery (Exodus 21:16 ; Deuteronomy 24:7 ); 5 . Sexual acts of incest, homosexuality, and bestiality (Luke 23:13-3319 ; Leviticus 20:11-17 ); 6 . Rape (Deuteronomy 22:23-27 ) including the girl if she did not cry for help; 7. Adultery (Leviticus 20:10-12 ; Deuteronomy 22:22 ); 8 . Sex relations outside of marriage: (a) before marriage, but discovered afterward (Deuteronomy 22:20-21 ), the woman alone to be executed; (b) relations with another's betrothed (Deuteronomy 22:23-24 ), both to be executed; (c) the harlotry of a priest's daughter (Luke 20:3-64 ); 9 . Witchcraft and false claim to prophecy (Exodus 22:18 ; Leviticus 20:27 ; Deuteronomy 13:1-5 ; Deuteronomy 18:20 ; 1Samuel 28:3,1 Samuel 28:9 ); 10 . Profaning the Sabbath (Exodus 31:14-17 ; Exodus 35:2 ; Numbers 15:32-36 ); 11 . Blasphemy (Leviticus 24:14-16 ,Leviticus 24:14-16,24:23 ; 1 Kings 21:13 ; Matthew 26:65-66 ); 12 . Cursing or striking one's parents (Exodus 21:15 ,Exodus 21:15,21:17 ).
Forms of Capital Punishment Stipulated or Mentioned: 1. Stoning was the usual method in Israel (Exodus 19:13 ; Leviticus 20:27 ; Acts 5:27-33 ; Joshua 7:25 ; compare 1619169446_95 ; Acts 7:58 ). At least two witnesses were needed to verify a charge, and they had to throw the first stones (Deuteronomy 17:6-17 ; compare John 8:7 ). 2 . Burning was the penalty for incest (Leviticus 20:14 ); harlotry (Genesis 38:24 ), particularly by a priest's daughter (Leviticus 21:9 ). 3 . Sword (Exodus 32:27 ; Deuteronomy 13:15 ), spear (Numbers 25:7 .), and shooting by arrow (Exodus 19:13 ). 4 . Beheading was reserved especially for those who cursed or insulted royalty (Exodus 21:28-36 ; 2 Kings 6:31-32 ). 5 . Crucifixion was carried out in New Testament times only by Roman decree and by Roman soldiers (Matthew 27:22-26 ,Matthew 27:22-26,27:33-50 ; 1619169446_2 ; John 18:28-19:30 ) for those convicted of political insurrection against Rome. Jewish authorities under Roman rule were not normally permitted to execute anyone (John 18:31 ), although rare exceptions are recorded (Deuteronomy 22:24 ; Acts 7:57-60 ; Acts 26:10 ); whether these were approved by Rome is difficult to say.
Does Scripture Require Capital Punishment? How do we reconcile Exodus 20:13 (“Thou shalt not kill”) with Genesis 9:6 (“Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed”)? If an individual kills another, it is murder; if the state kills, it is not murder, some would say. Is Genesis 9:6 the mandate for capital punishment? Its rationale appears to be the unique value of persons, “for in the image of God made he man” ( Genesis 9:6 ). Yet what about other commands in Genesis 9:1 ? What about the prohibition against eating meat with blood in it (Genesis 9:4 ), or the execution of animals who kill humans (Genesis 9:5 ; compare 2 Samuel 16:9 ). Has the Lord spoken forever against eating rare meat and for executing killer animals? Is it sound biblical interpretation if we interpret “by man shall his blood be shed” as a divine command for capital punishment yet consistently ignore the other commands in the context in which it is found?
How do we explain the Lord's protection of Cain in Genesis 4:15 where a “mark” was placed on him to fend off self-appointed executioners? God's grace spared the original first-degree murderer.
Maybe Genesis 9:6 is more descriptive than prescriptive much like Jesus' words, “for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword” ( Matthew 26:52 ). Genesis 9:6 seems too broad to be a divine order requiring all societies in all ages to kill their killers.
What about Paul's instruction regarding the role of the state in preserving order? The political ruler is a “minister of God to thee for good”; the ruler “beareth not the sword in vain: for he is a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil” (Romans 13:4 ). It seems that the authority of the state is divinely established to protect the good and punish the evil. Is authority to punish a mandate to kill? If the sword is to be taken literally and the state's hold on the sword is a mandate to kill, then capital punishment should be the primary punishment the state has available to use, and it should always be by a literal sword. Literalism presents serious problems. However, if the sword is symbolic, then various forms of punishment and deterrence are available to the state.
Scripture does not present capital punishment as always mandatory. The early Christians apparently did not believe so. All Scripture should be filtered through the perspective of the apostolic tradition and especially through the mind of Jesus Christ who himself was a victim of capital punishment on the cross.
Does Scripture Permit Capital Punishment? If Scripture does not require the state to execute killers, does it allow such action by way of exception? A generally accepted principle of killing not subject to punishment is self-defense, whereby killing is forced on us as the only way to prevent someone from killing us. In this sense capital punishment may be a form of self-defense on the part of the state. Killing in a just war is a similar response. Does the state have a right to defend its people by executing killers? The Scripture certainly does not prohibit the state from exercising this right.
Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment 1. Deterrence: capital punishment will discourage murdering. Yet the only one who is knowingly deterred from killing again is the executed offender. No scientific evidence is available to prove that the death penalty lowers homicide rates. Since most murders are among friends and relatives, these “crimes of passion” are the least likely to be repeated of all offenses by the same people. 2. Protection: Capital punishment protects other prisoners and guards from killers sentenced to life in prison. If released these may kill again. Capital punishment protects the other citizens. Yet the available statistics do not support this argument. 3. Economics: It is cheaper to execute than to imprison. Again, statistics do not support this. 4. The Complexities and Inequalities of the Criminal Justice System: The system favors the rich over the poor. It is so often inefficient, inept, and sometimes wrong in its judgments. Some innocent people have been executed. The guilty are often set free over legal technicalities. 5. Punishment: This is the only argument that has any Scriptural support. Yet, are there more humane ways of punishment than execution? Many see that life in prison without possibility of parole is a greater punishment than death. A sense of justice requires that a murderer be punished, yet nonlethal punishment preserves the life-valuing role of the state. Is this more in line with a biblical sense of justice which also values life? To be effective, punishment should be certain, swift, and impartial. Yet with capital cases in many courts, this is rare.
In summary, the Bible prescribed capital punishment for certain cases in its society. It also set up love for human beings in being like Christ as the highest ethical norm. The modern student of Scripture must ask if cases in our society really find parallels in biblical society. Which methods of biblical interpretation allow us to determine where capital punishment should apply? How do biblical forms of capital punishment relate to modern society? Does Scripture absolutely require capital punishment? In what situation(s) does a government have the right and/or responsibility to carry out capital punishment? Are there scriptural answers to the arguments for and against capital punishment?
Guy Greenfield
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Punishment
Earthly Punishment . The Old Testament . Early in Israel's history, guilt and punishment were understood to be communal. When Achan broke the law by taking some of the spoil from Jericho, the whole Israelite army was defeated at Ai (Joshua 7:1-5 ). Once it was discovered what Achan had done, his whole family was stoned along with him (Joshua 7:22-26 ). The sins of parents could be punished to the third and fourth generation (Exodus 20:5 ; 34:7 ; Deuteronomy 5:9-10 ). However, the Lord later revealed that individuals would bear their own guilt (Deuteronomy 24:16 ; Acts 5:1-113 ; Jeremiah 31:29-30 ; Ezekiel 18:1-4,20 ).
Sometimes punishment was meted out by God directly, as when fire and brimstone destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:24-25 ) or when the ground opened up to swallow those who rebelled in the wilderness (Numbers 16:31-33 ). On a national level, God punished his people using the instrumentality of foreign nations. For example, Assyria was seen as the Lord's rod of wrath (Matthew 18:15-173 ). Most crimes and punishments, however, were dealt with through Israel's judicial system, which is found in the Pentateuch.
The Decalogue is in apodictic or absolute form, giving the most important requirements of the law in general terms without listing punishments. One has to examine the casuistic or case law to discover specific violations and their penalties. In the following paragraphs, both are reviewed.
The first and second commands concern foreign deities (Exodus 20:3-6 ). Worshiping gods other than Yahweh was a capital crime (Exodus 22:20 ) for which the punishment was stoning (Deuteronomy 13:6-10 ). Molech worship, involving infant sacrifice, was specifically forbidden, also requiring death by stoning (Leviticus 20:1-5 ). Likewise, those who prophesied in the name of other gods, or who led the people into idolatry were to be executed (Deuteronomy 13:1-5 ; 18:20 ). Other pagan religious practices such as witchcraft, consulting of spirits, necromancy, divination, sorcery, augury, and soothsaying were proscribed (Leviticus 19:26 ; 20:6 ; Deuteronomy 18:10-11 ). Death is indicted for a sorceress (Exodus 22:18 ); stoning is designated for a medium (Leviticus 20:27 ).
The third command prohibited taking Yahweh's name in vain (Exodus 20:7 ; Exodus 21:12-14 ; cf. Exodus 22:28 , ; "revile God" ). Offenders were stoned (Leviticus 24:10-23 ; falsely accused, in Naboth's case, 1 Kings 21:8-14 ).
The fourth command, breaking the Sabbath (Exodus 22:16-17 ), was also a capital offense (Exodus 31:14-15 ; 35:2 ). An example of its enforcement is found in Numbers 15:32-36 , where the penalty was stoning.
The fifth command entails respect for parents (Exodus 20:12 ). According to the case law, death was the punishment for the one who struck (Exodus 21:15 ) or even cursed a parent (Exodus 21:17 ; Leviticus 20:9 ).
The sixth command prohibits murder (Exodus 20:13 ). Those who intended to kill were to be executed while those who slew accidentally could flee to a city of refuge (Leviticus 19:12 ; Numbers 35:9-28 ; Deuteronomy 19:4-13 ). However, if two men were fighting and one of them accidentally hit a pregnant woman so that she both miscarried and died, he would suffer death also (Exodus 21:22-25 ). If the owner of a dangerous ox did not keep it fenced in and the ox gored someone to death, both the ox and the owner were to be put to death (Exodus 21:28-32 ). Killing a burglar at night incurred no guilt (Exodus 22:2 ). Obviously, the taking of human life was allowed in war and when punishing capital offenses. If someone caused bodily harm to another rather than death, lex talionis, or the law of retaliation was invoked: "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth" (Exodus 21:23 ; Leviticus 24:19 ; Deuteronomy 19:21 ; Matthew 5:38 ). The intention was to make the law more equitable by making the punishment fit the crime.
The seventh command forbids adultery (Exodus 20:14 ). Stoning is stipulated in Deuteronomy 22:28-297 and Deuteronomy 22:22-24 . Prostitution was outlawed but no punishment is listed (Leviticus 19:29 ; Deuteronomy 23:17 ). In the case of a man raping a single woman, he could be forced to marry her (relinquishing the right to divorce) and pay her father the marriage present, but no punishment was required (1619169446_45 ). In the case of seduction, the result was the same except that no mention is made of divorce and the father could still be paid the marriage present though he disallowed the wedding (Exodus 20:8 ). Incest was proscribed (Leviticus 20:11,12 , 14,17 , 19-21 ; Deuteronomy 27:20,22-23 ) for which the penalty in certain cases was death by burning (Leviticus 20:11,14 ). Sexual relations between two men or between humans and animals were punishable by death (Exodus 22:19 ; Leviticus 18:22-23 ; 20:13,15-16 ).
The eighth command concerns stealing (Exodus 20:15 ). The law requires restitution with interest (Exodus 22:1-4,7 ; Leviticus 6:4-5 ). If the thief could not pay, he could be sold as a slave to pay the debt (Exodus 22:1 ). Kidnappers, who stole humans, were to be put to death (Exodus 21:16 ; Deuteronomy 24:7 ).
The ninth command prohibits bearing false witness (Exodus 20:16 ). Whatever the false witness intended to do to the innocent party would be done to him (Deuteronomy 19:15-19 ).
The tenth command deals with coveting (Exodus 20:17 ). No penalty is recorded.
The New Testament . As in the Old Testament, so in the New Testament. God occasionally punished people directly, as when Ananias and Sapphira were struck dead (Matthew 25:46 ), but this was rare. Unlike Israel, the church is not a nation. Therefore, it does not have a set of laws with crimes and punishments. That is left to the secular authorities, which are instituted by God (Romans 13:1-7 ). However, Jesus did provide for church discipline. If one believer sinned against another, the offended party was to confront the guilty party. If the offender refused to repent, the one wronged should go back to him, bringing one or two others with him. If that failed, he was to bring the accusation to the church, which may then excommunicate the sinner (1619169446_87 ). The church has the power of "binding and loosing, " which is the power to determine what is forbidden and what is allowed (Matthew 16:18-19 ; 18:18 ).One illustration of church discipline in a case of gross immorality is found in 1 Corinthians 5:1-5 . Paul instructs the assembly to hand the transgressor over to Satan for the destruction of the body in order that the spirit might be saved. This may refer to excommunication (if cast out of the church one is under the domain of Satan) or to a mortal illness invading the sinner's body. Either way, the goal is redemption more than punishment. The hope is that after being handed over to Satan, he will repent and return to the fold, or at the very least, that his spirit will go to heaven in spite of his body's death. Another illustration may be Ananias and Sapphira. Although God seems to have struck them dead, it was while Peter was presiding and executing judgment as God's representative (Acts 5:1-11 ).
Eternal Punishment . The Old Testament introduced the notion of eternal punishment in Daniel 12:2 , indicating that the lost will also be resurrected, but for the purpose of eternal shame and contempt. While the worst punishment that earthly courts can inflict is death, Jesus taught his disciples not to fear those who can kill the body, but rather God, who can also cast people into hell (Luke 12:4-5 ). Isaiah 66:24 speaks of an undying worm and unquenchable fire—the same imagery Jesus uses to warn about hell ( Mark 9:42-43,47-48 ). Jesus also described it as "outer darkness, " where people "weep and gnash their teeth" (Matthew 8:12 ). The Lord described eternal punishment for the wicked as well as eternal life for the righteous, showing that both are without end (1619169446_41 ). The rest of the New Testament is in agreement (2 Thessalonians 1:9 ; Revelation 20:10-15 ). Just as that Bible utilizes earthly things to symbolize heavenly bliss, so the description of hell as fire may be metaphorical for torment. However, the torment of hell is as real as the joy of heaven, even if our pictures of the two are less than perfect.
William B. Nelson, Jr.
See also Eternal Punishment ; Judgment ; Ten Commandments
Bibliography . W. Eichrodt, Theology of the Old Testament ; G. E. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament .
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Eternal Punishment
ETERNAL PUNISHMENT.— Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 of Matthew 25:46 (εἰς κὁλασιν αἰώνιον). The Authorized Version here and in 26 other passages has ‘everlasting.’ The adjective αἰώνιος occurs 70 times in the NT (1 Timothy 6:19 omitted in Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885), and in the Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885, with one exception (Philemon 1:15), is uniformly rendered ‘eternal.’ This is a distinct gain, as it leaves the exact significance to be determined by use. Three passages should be examined: ‘Through times eternal’ (Matthew 18:34-357); ‘before times eternal’ (2 Timothy 1:9, Titus 1:2); in these uses it is clear that ‘eternal’ and ‘everlasting’ are not interchangeable. This agrees with the LXX Septuagint, in which αἰώνιος is used of the rites and ceremonies of Judaism which are done away in Christianity (Exodus 12:24; Exodus 29:9; Exodus 40:15, Numbers 18:19 and others). The suggested use of ‘aeonian’ has failed to find approval notwithstanding its advantages, and ‘age-long’ is inept.
For NT thought the use of the term in the Fourth Gospel should be studied. Excluding parallel passages, ‘eternal life’ is found 21 times in the Gospels, and of these 17 are in John. In this Gospel, as also in 1 Jn., the notions of succession and duration are eliminated, and ‘eternal’ becomes almost synonymous with ‘Divine.’ ‘It is not an endless duration of being in time, but being of which time is not a measure’ (Westcott, see Additional note on 1 John 5:20). See Eternal Life.
In the Synoptic Gospels, to ‘enter into life’ and to ‘enter into the kingdom’ are used interchangeably (cf. Matthew 19:16-17 with Matthew 19:23, Mark 9:45 with Mark 9:47, Matthew 25:34 ‘inherit the kingdom,’ and John 12:35-3642 ‘unto eternal life’). In the Fourth Gospel ‘eternal life’ is the equivalent of ‘the kingdom of heaven’ of the Synoptic Gospels (cf. John 3:3; John 3:5, where ‘the kingdom of God’ occurs, with John 3:15). This suggests a very comprehensive and definite idea. ‘Eternal life’ is the life of the Kingdom of God, forgiveness, righteousness, salvation, blessing, whatever that life is declared to be in the teaching of Jesus. ‘Eternal punishment’ is the antithesis of ‘eternal life,’ the penalties upon all unrighteousness inseparably bound up with the Kingdom, and which, in His new teaching of the Kingdom, Jesus plainly sets forth. As a working principle, then, ‘eternal’ may be accepted as descriptive of things belonging to, essentially bound up with, the Kingdom, and is almost the equivalent of ‘Messianic,’ in the Christian, as opposed to the merely Jewish significance of the term, ‘that ye may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye may have life in his name’ (John 20:31). These deeper meanings of αἰώνιος in the NT should serve to remove the question of the time element in future punishment from the unsatisfactory basis of mere verbal interpretations.
In collating the teaching of the Gospels, full emphasis must be given to the following postulates:
1. The certainty of retribution is inseparably bound up with the revelation of Jesus as to the will and character of God. The Father who ‘seeth in secret’ and rewards unobtrusive righteousness (Matthew 6:1 ff.) will render to the unrighteous the due reward of their deeds (Matthew 7:19; Matthew 10:28; Matthew 12:36; Matthew 15:13; Luke 12:47-48; Matthew 18:35, Luke 18:7 [1]). Hence the urgency of the call to repentance (Matthew 4:17), and to the obedience of righteousness as in the Sermon on the Mount, and, at any cost, to ‘crucify the flesh’ which prompts to sin (Matthew 5:29-30; Matthew 18:8; Matthew 18:8). In this Jesus takes His stand with the prophets of old and with the last of their order, John the Baptist (cf. Luke 3:7-14). The revelation of the all-perfect Father never weakens, but ever adds new emphasis to the call to a life of righteousness, and to the certainty of penalty for all unrighteousness.
2. The characteristic teaching of Jesus as to the penalties of sin is bound up with His gospel of the Kingdom.—The incomparable worth of the Kingdom, as the richest ‘treasure,’ and ‘pearl of great price’ (Matthew 13:44-45), and the supreme quest of it as the first duty and sovereign wisdom of life (John 3:16-17), have, as their converse, the incomparable loss which the rejection of the gospel must inevitably entail. This is the supreme penalty—exclusion from the Kingdom, to be cast into the ‘outer darkness’ (Matthew 8:12; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 25:30), denied by the Lord (Matthew 7:23; Matthew 10:33; Matthew 25:12, Luke 13:25-27), shut out from the glad presence of the King (Matthew 25:41). The use of the figures ‘weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth’ in the sentence of exclusion clearly indicates that remorse is one element in future retribution (cf. Luke 16:25 ‘Son, remember’).
3. The hearing of the gospel adds to human responsibility, and increases the severity of the inevitable penalty of disobedience.—This is the burden of much of the teaching of Jesus. Light is come into the world, and with the light a more solemn duty (John 3:19; Luke 15:4-88; John 15:22; John 15:24; John 16:9, Luke 12:47-48). It is the apostate disciple who, as salt which has lost its savour, is cast out (Matthew 5:13). To His disciples Jesus gives the warnings of God’s searching judgment (Matthew 5:22 ff.). To those who call Him ‘Lord, Lord,’ and in His name have done ‘many mighty works,’ He utters the dread ‘Depart’ (Matthew 7:21-23, cf. Luke 13:25-27). It is the disobedient hearers of His word who are compared to a foolish builder whose house, built upon sand, is ruined by the storm (Matthew 7:26-27). Those who deny Him, He also will deny (Matthew 10:33); those who are ashamed of Him, of them will He be ashamed (Mark 8:38). It is the unfaithfnl servant (Matthew 24:48-51), the unwatchful (Matthew 25:1-13), the unprofitable (Matthew 25:30), who are cast out of the Kingdom. It is the unfruitful branch of the vine that is cast forth, withered, gathered, cast into the fire, burned (John 15:6). The final condition of hopeless doom, the state of ‘eternal sin,’ is the direct result of self-willed, deliberate resistance to the Divine grace (Mark 3:29; see Eternal Sin). And in the larger issues the severity of judgment falls upon cities and generations ‘exalted to heaven’ in privilege and opportunity, but doomed because of neglect (Matthew 11:20-24; Matthew 12:41-42).
In all this there is no reference to those to whom the gospel has not been made known. The mention of the Cities of the Plain (Matthew 10:15) and that of the men of Nineveh (Matthew 12:41) are too incidental and indirect to yield any determining principle. Even the great Judgment passage (Matthew 25:31 ff.), if indeed it is to be interpreted universally as including all the nations of the earth, may be interpreted also as assuming a corresponding universality of knowledge, the gospel preached throughout the whole world. The judgments Jesus announces are vitally bound up with the message He brings. The problem of those to whom the offers of grace have not been made is not considered, and we are not justified in applying to them the severities of penalty and dread doom which, in the teaching of Jesus, fall only upon those who deny Him and reject His gospel.
4. The final triumph of the Kingdom, and consequent final separation of the righteous and the wicked.—This is again and again solemnly asserted and described. In the parables of the Tares (Matthew 13:24 ff.) and the Drag-net (Matthew 13:47 ff.), the ultimate overthrow, and, as the terms used would seem to imply, the final destruction of evil are decisively declared. From the explanation of the parable it is clear that the wheat and the tares represent persons—‘the sons of the kingdom’ and ‘the sons of the evil one.’ This sharp division of men into two classes entirely distinct is to human vision impossible. The facts of life show the presence of ‘wheat and tares,’ good and evil in every man. The difficulty is unresolved. The end is declared, but not the stages by which it is reached. The Kingdom is to be all righteousness, out of it is to be gathered ‘all things that cause stumbling, and them that do iniquity’ (Matthew 13:41). Every plant not planted by the Father is to be uprooted (Matthew 15:13), and every tree which beareth not good fruit is to be cut down and destroyed (John 6:50-58).
So far there can be little hesitation in setting forth the teaching of Jesus. The difficulties arise when we seek to determine exactly the nature and duration of the penalties and of the doom. The difficulty is accentuated by the fact that Jesus uses freely the religious symbolism current at the time. Gehenna, the worm that dies not and the fire that is not quenched, the outer darkness, the weeping and the wailing and the gnashing of teeth, were familiar figures, and are clearly used because familiar (see Eternal Fire). If, then, we ask how far Jesus gave His sanction to the popular notions behind the symbols, we are confronted with the difficulty of determining what those notions were. The use of these figures to describe the place of punishment in the world of spirits is admitted, but it is not so clear which of the three doctrines which have divided Christian thought—endless punishment, annihilation, restoration—was held. Support has been found for each opinion, and from the words of Jesus Himself quite opposite conclusions have been reached. In what has been said above, finality would seem to be taught, but other opinions are held.
(1) Especially the great sayings in which the note of the universality of grace rings so clear (Matthew 6:33), and the persistent search of the lost (1619169446_37) and the all-embracing work of Jesus are so absolutely declared (John 1:29; John 12:31-32), have been dwelt upon as justifying ‘the larger hope.’ The exact award of penalty, the few and many stripes according to the measure of disobedience (Matthew 18:6), the completed sentence implied in ‘till thou have paid the last farthing’ (Matthew 5:26; cf. 1619169446_93), the startling symbolism of the phrase ‘salted with fire’ (Mark 9:49), which is said to teach ‘that the destructive element performs a purifying part’ (see Internat. Crit. Com. ‘Mark’ in loco), the use of κόλασις, pruning, ‘suggestive of corrective rather than of vindictive punishment’ (Expos. Gr. Test. on Matthew 25:46), and the use of αἰώνιος as suggesting ‘age-long,’ have all been singled out as leaving room for the hope of final salvation through the fires of judgment.
The exact balance of the awards ‘eternal life’ and ‘eternal punishment’ (Matthew 25:46) has often been insisted upon as teaching finality. As the life is certainly endless, so, it is urged, must the punishment be. But even this is not conclusive. The terms ‘life’ and ‘punishment’ point to an essential difference. Life is of God, essentially Divine; punishment is from God, a Divine act. It is well also to bear in mind that ‘if good ever should come to an end, that would come to an end which Christ died to bring in; but if evil comes to an end, that comes to an end which He died to destroy’ (Clemance, Future Punishment, p. 65).
But more than upon single texts, reliance is placed upon the revealed character and purpose of God in Jesus Christ.
(2) On the other hand, the strong terms, destruction, perdition, unquenchable fire, and the analogies of consumption of tares and chaff and withered branches by fire, are instanced as indicating annihilation. Two sayings of Jesus are indeed terrible in their severity, and ought not to be minimized: ‘Be not afraid of them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell’ (Matthew 10:28). Whether the reference be to God as the object of fear (so Wendt, Teaching of Jesus, i. 201, and most commentators) or ‘the tempter’ and ‘the devil whose agent he is’ (so Bruce, Expos. Gr. Test. in loco), the statement as to the destruction of the soul itself remains. The same thought is suggested by the figure used in the saying, ‘He that falleth on this stone shall be broken to pieces; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust’ (Matthew 21:44). Were utter extinction of being to be taught, it could hardly be in plainer terms.
(3) In close association, and lending support to the theory of annihilation, is the doctrine of ‘conditional immortality’ or ‘life in Christ.’ According to this theory the object of revelation is ‘to change man’s nature, not only from sin to holiness, but from mortality to immortality.’ Many sayings in the Fourth Gospel are pressed to support this theory, especially those where the gift of life is declared to be only through the Son, and to those only who abide in Him by faith (John 3:15-16; John 6:35; Matthew 7:19).
It is this evident and apparently ‘insoluble antinomy’ which has led many to conclude ‘that we have not the elements of a complete solution, and we ought not to attempt it. What visions beyond there may be, what larger hopes, what ultimate harmonies, if such there are in store, will come in God’s good time; it is not ours to anticipate them, or lift the veil where God has left it drawn’ (Orr, The Christian View of God and the World, 397). This conclusion, so far at least as the Gospels are concerned, may be accepted. In the teaching of Jesus the emphasis is always upon present opportunity, duty, responsibility. ‘One said unto him, Lord, are they few that be saved? And he said unto them, Strive to enter in by the narrow door’ (Luke 13:23). ‘Walk while ye have the light, that darkness overtake you not. While ye have the light, believe on the light, that ye may become sons of light’ (1619169446_3). God’s eternal grace and man’s ‘boundless power of resistance’ stand over against each other. Jesus honours both, but nowhere in His reported sayings does He disclose the final issue.
The teaching of the Epistles does not come within the scope of this article, but this brief reference is necessary. To the present writer, at least, it does appear that St. Paul’s faith reaches a final issue. By him an endless dualism is decisively rejected. ‘That God may be all in all’ (1 Corinthians 15:20-28) is the final goal; but what that includes, or how accomplished, is not declared; only of Christ it is said, and we may hold this faith confidently, ‘He must reign till he hath put all his enemies under his feet.’
Literature.—This is very voluminous, and no attempt is made to include even all modern works. The following may be consulted:—(A) In favour of endlessness of punishment: Pusey, What is of Faith as to Everlasting Punishment?; S. Davidson, The Doctrine of Last Things; Salmond, The Christian Doctrine of Immortality.—(B) Treating the answer as unrevealed: Barrett, The Intermediate State; Beet, The Last Things; Clemance, Future Punishment; Orr, The Christian View of God and the World, Lect. ix.—(C) In support of annihilation: Row, Future Retribution; Stokes, Conditional Immortality; E. White, Life in Christ.—(D) Maintaining the ‘larger hope’: Cox, Salvator Mundi; Farrar, Eternal Hope, and Mercy and Judgment; Plumptre, Spirits in Prison, includes art. ‘Eschatology’ from Smith’s Dict. of Christian Biog.; Jukes, The Restitution of all Things.—(E) On the general question: see Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible, art. ‘Eschatology’; Alger, Doctrine of a Future Life; also Greg’s Enigmas of Life, ch. vii., for a striking presentation of retribution as determined by the nature of sin; Stephen, Essays in Ecclesiastical Biography, the Epilogue.
W. H. Dyson.
Webster's Dictionary - Punishment
(1):
(n.) The act of punishing.
(2):
(n.) Any pain, suffering, or loss inflicted on a person because of a crime or offense.
(3):
(n.) A penalty inflicted by a court of justice on a convicted offender as a just retribution, and incidentally for the purposes of reformation and prevention.
(4):
(n.) Severe, rough, or disastrous treatment.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Punishment
The law required that capital punishment should be inflicted for reviling a parent, blasphemy, sabbath-breaking, witchcraft, adultery, man-stealing, idolatry, murder, etc. Capital punishment was by stoning, Deuteronomy 13:10 ; burning, Leviticus 20:14 ; the sword, Exodus 32:27 ; and hanging, Deuteronomy 21:22,23 . It appears that those who sinned at Baal-peor were first slain, and then hanged or impaled: Numbers 25:4,5 ; the word is yaqa, and for hanging is used only here and in 2 Samuel 21:6,9,13 , when the seven descendants of Saul were 'hung up to the Lord,' which may also signify being impaled. There is no record in scripture of crucifixion being practised among the Jews. Capital punishment was at times carried out in ways not mentioned in the law: sawing asunder and cutting with harrows and axes, 2 Samuel 12:31 ; Hebrews 11:37 ; precipitation, 2 Chronicles 25:12 ; Luke 4:29 .
For minor offences there was flogging, which was restricted to forty stripes. Deuteronomy 25:3 . A whip with three thongs accounts for the 'forty stripes less one.' 2 Corinthians 11:24 . Also placing in the stocks. Jeremiah 20:2,3 . In other cases the punishment was according to the offence: "eye for eye, tooth for tooth," etc. Exodus 21:24,25 . Imprisonment for definite periods was not customary as a punishment, though persons were imprisoned. Genesis 39:20 ; 2 Kings 25:27 ; Jeremiah 37:4,18 . Punishment was needed in the government of the nation of Israel, as it is in any nation now. God's four direct punishments were "the sword, the famine, the noisome beast, and the pestilence." Ezekiel 14:21 .
The Lord, referring to the law of an individual demanding an eye for an eye, enjoined forgiveness of personal wrongs; but this in no way interferes with civil government. Christians are exhorted to obey the ordained powers, pay tribute, etc.
CARM Theological Dictionary - Capital Punishment
The death penalty. The execution of a prisoner for a capital crime. In the Bible, capital punishment was the punishment for murder (Numbers 35:16), adultery (Leviticus 20:10), incest (Leviticus 20:11), bestiality (Leviticus 20:15), homosexuality (Numbers 18:22), etc.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Punishment (2)
PUNISHMENT
1. God’s punishment of sin.—For the sufferings of Christ for sin, see Atonement: the present article is concerned only with the punishment of men. The Gospel teaching on this important subject can be briefly summarized in a few paragraphs:
(a) The fact of punishment.—This fact is involved in certain explicit statements of our Lord Himself (Matthew 13:41-42; Matthew 25:46, John 15:2; John 15:6), and clearly suggested in more than one of His parables (Mark 12:9, Matthew 13:30; Matthew 22:13-14, Luke 13:9; Luke 13:22 ff.). It is further implied both in the recognition of God’s wrath upon men (John 3:36) and of a consequent difference in their destinies (Matthew 13:41; Matthew 13:43; Matthew 25:46, John 5:29), and in frequent references to Gehenna (Matthew 5:29; Matthew 10:28, Mark 9:43-48, Luke 12:5) or to the place of outer darkness (Matthew 8:12; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 25:30). So serious may this punishment be, that death would be a preferable alternative (Mark 9:42); and, unrestricted to individual transgressors, it may fall also both upon cities (Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:21; Matthew 23:38) and upon nations (Matthew 21:43-44; Matthew 23:35; Matthew 23:38). The principle of punishment was illustrated in our Lord’s action (Mark 11:12 ff., Mark 11:15 ff. ||) as well as inculcated in His words’.
(b) The expression of punishment.—God’s punishment of men for sin, the fact of which is thus recognized by the Gospels, finds expression in different ways, (α) Our Lord seems to hint that even in the conditions of a man’s present life the penalty of sin may sometimes be perceived. At least it would appear that in certain cases He allows that a connexion exists between sin and physical sickness (Mark 2:10-11 || John 5:14). Nowhere, however, does He approve the view, which emerges in the OT, that a similar explanation accounts for the presence in the world of human sorrow. (On the contrary, sorrow even becomes, in His esteem, a ground for rejoicing [1]). Apart from these vague suggestions of a physical penalty, the Gospels recognize both a present and a future punishment of sin. (β) There is a sense in which a man’s judgment, and hence his punishment, is immediate. And not only is this true in that his sin involves remorse (Matthew 26:75; Matthew 27:4-5, Mark 6:16), but also because his very attitude to Christ automatically enriches his personality or issues in its impoverishment (John 3:18-19; John 9:1; John 9:11-12, Matthew 25:28-29, cf. Luke 2:34). (γ) There is a second sense in which a man’s judgment lies in the future (Matthew 13:41-43; Matthew 25:31 ff. and frequently). A discussion of the punishment resulting from that judgment does not fall within the scope of the present article, and the reader is therefore referred to the separate study on Eternal Punishment. Here it will suffice to observe that, whatever be its accidents, the essence of punishment will consist in banishment from the presence of Christ (Matthew 7:23; Matthew 25:41); and that it will be marked by varying degrees of severity (Mark 12:40, Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:22; Matthew 11:24, Luke 12:48), each of us by his own use of opportunity providing his own criterion (Matthew 5:7; Matthew 7:1-2; Matthew 10:33, Mark 4:24).
(c) The aim of punishment.—Punishment may be conceived as either disciplinary or retributive in its purpose. Our Lord Himself, in all probability with deliberate intent, made no unmistakable pronouncement on the meaning of the doom of the rejected. All that we can do, therefore, is to deduce from His words certain general considerations bearing more or less closely on the end that punishment has in view (α) On the one hand, the teaching of the Gospels confirms the verdict of our own moral sense, that so long as there is any hope of a sinner’s recovery, the reformatory element must at least be prominent in the transaction. Inasmuch as judgment is self-acting (John 3:19; John 12:31), it inevitably accompanies God’s gift of His Son (John 3:18; see Westcott, in loc.); yet we are specifically taught that not judgment but salvation is God’s deepest thought for mankind (John 3:17; so Matthew 18:14, John 6:39; John 8:11, Luke 15, cf. also John 5:24). It is in keeping with this that of the two words denoting ‘punishment,’ κόλασις and τιμωρία, distinguished in classical Greek as respectively remedial and penal in their purpose (so Plato; see Trench, Syn. § vii.), it is the former that is preserved in the report of Christ’s teaching (Matthew 25:46). That the classical shade of meaning is retained in the NT is signified by the suggestive use of κολάζεσθαι in 2 Peter 2:9, where the punishment precedes judgment, and therefore could scarcely yet be retributive. (β) On the other hand, the terms in which Christ refers to punishment (e.g. Matthew 18:35, Luke 20:47 etc.) would seem to forbid us to reduce it to the mere equivalent of discipline; and He Himself, in speaking of sin that has no forgiveness (Mark 3:28 ||, cf. Mark 14:21 and 1 John 5:16), distinctly implies a punishment that is retributive in character. The proportion in which these two elements in the Divine punishment of men are combined, is beyond our knowledge. Human analogies can merely give us vague hints, every analogy being to some degree imperfect, and therefore to the same degree misleading. Instead of seeking to dogmatize on what does not at present fall within the sphere of our understanding, it would seem wise to confine our conclusions to two broad principles:
(i.) The punishment of the sinner is such as Love can inflict. If God is Love (1 John 4:8; 1 John 4:16), there can be no act of His which is not an expression of His nature. Sometimes Love reveals itself as tenderness. Sometimes it reveals itself as wrath (cf. the striking sequence of verses in Matthew 10:28-29; Matthew 21:13-14); for if sin is more than a fiction, the measure of God’s love for the sinner will determine the severity of His anger against his sin. Indeed, the surest proof of the punishment of sin is to be found in the love of God. It is only something less than love that would palliate evil in the life of the loved one. If, therefore, punishment is an expression of Love, it will contain the elements of discipline and retribution in such proportion as Love demands. What that proportion is we cannot say: we must be content to leave ourselves in the hands of Perfect Love.
(ii.) Hence, too, it follows that the duration of punishment will be such as Love requires. It seems reasonable to expect that as soon as a sinner becomes forgivable, the retributive aspect of punishment is at an end, and discipline alone remains; and that when discipline has utterly failed to reclaim a man, it in its turn must give place to simple retribution. Of the precise point at which either crisis is reached we have no knowledge. In one place our Lord appears to hint that it may be beyond the grave (Matthew 12:32), but, as we have already seen, He gave no clear guidance in the matter. Again, we must be content to leave ourselves in the hands of Perfect Love. (On the nature and purpose of punishment, see Moberly’s valuable chapter in Atonement and Personality, ch. i.)
2. Forms of human punishment.—(a) Among punishments mentioned as of general imposition are several which demand no detailed treatment. Such are decapitation (Mark 6:27, Matthew 14:10), drowning (Mark 9:42, Matthew 18:6), incarceration (Mark 6:17, Matthew 5:25; Matthew 18:30, Luke 23:19), and hanging (Matthew 27:5), inflicted, according to Jewish custom, only for idolatry or blasphemy, and then only after the victim had already been put to death in some other way (Edersheim, LT [2].] ii. 584). With these, too, may be classed the less familiar penalties of precipitation (attempted in the case of our Lord, Luke 4:29) and of mutilation (διχοτομεῖν, Matthew 24:51, Luke 12:46). Stoning (Luke 20:6, John 8:5, cf. Matthew 21:44 || and Matthew 23:35 ||) was imposed for many offences, including the unchastity of a betrothed maiden, idolatry, and blasphemy. On one occasion the Jews sought to inflict it on our Lord Himself (John 10:31). See art. Stoning. For excommunication, see art. s.v.
(b) The two prominent forms of human punishment inflicted upon Jesus were those of scourging and crucifixion. Scourging, used among the Jews as a penalty for debt (Matthew 18:34) or for offences of a religious character (Matthew 10:17; Matthew 23:34), was also the customary precursor to Roman crucifixion. The Roman scourge was of leather thongs, weighted with bone or some form of metal. The victim’s suffering was so intense that it frequently led to death before the capital sentence proper could be carried into effect. According to His own prophecy (Mark 10:34, Matthew 20:19, Luke 18:33), our Lord was subjected to this cruel instrument of torture (Mark 15:15, Matthew 27:26, John 19:1). It was inflicted by Pilate in the hope that it would satisfy the passion of the Jews and render the crucifixion unnecessary (Luke 23:22; see Westcott on John 19:1). For the details of our Lord’s crucifixion (Mark 15:22 ||, cf. Galatians 3:10-23) and their significance the reader is referred to the special article under that heading. Christ foretold this form of death for other witnesses to truth (Matthew 23:34, and probably John 21:18) as well as for Himself (Matthew 20:19; Matthew 26:2, Luke 24:7, John 12:32-33).
H. Bisseker.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Punishment
The word ‘punishment’ is employed to translate κόλασις (1 John 4:18 RV_) and τιμωρία (Hebrews 10:29). The corresponding verbs κολάζω and τιμωρέω, translated ‘punish,’ are used indiscriminately (Acts 4:21; 2 Peter 2:9; cf. Acts 22:5; Acts 26:11); so that the classical distinction, exemplified in Plato and Aristotle, between τιμωρία, which regarded the retributive suffering, and κόλασις, which regarded the correction of the offender, can hardly be pressed in the case of NT usage (for the distinction, see R. C. Trench, Synonyms of the NT8, London, 1876). Other words translated ‘punishment’ are δίκη (2 Thessalonians 1:9 RV_), ἐκδίκησις (1 Peter 2:14, ‘vengeance’ in RV_), and ἐπιτιμία (2 Corinthians 2:6).
The term ‘punishment’ (Lat. pCEna) may be defined as pain or suffering inflicted in expiation of a crime or offence by an authority to which the offender is subject. The authority inflicting it may be human or Divine. The human authority may be civil or ecclesiastical. Human authority to inflict punishment is ultimately derived from a Divine source.
1. Punishment inflicted by human authority.-Under this head may be mentioned (a) that inflicted by civil authority. Roman magistrates, under the supremacy of the Emperor, in so far as they administered just laws, are regarded as executors of the Divine wrath or vengeance against evil-doers, and submission to their jurisdiction is made imperative on members of the Apostolic Church (1 Peter 2:14; cf. Romans 13:1-5).
(b) That inflicted by ecclesiastical authority. (α) In the Jewish Church, the supreme Sanhedrin at Jerusalem and local Sanhedrins claimed and exercised the right to punish persons adjudged guilty of contumacy, schism (αἵρεσις), or seducing the people. On the basis of such charges it was sought to make the apostles and others who adhered to their doctrine and fellowship amenable to punishment (Acts 4:21; Acts 22:25; Acts 26:11). (β) In the exercise of discipline, the members of a Christian church, acting as a judicial body, were vested with the power to inflict censure, or the severer punishment of exclusion from the fellowship of the Church, on every brother who walked disorderly (1 Corinthians 5:3-5, 1 Thessalonians 5:14, 2 Thessalonians 3:6). In carrying out the sentence of exclusion, the name and authority of Christ, as King and Head of the Church, were solemnly invoked. While the extreme penalty of exclusion was called punishment (ἐπιτιμία, 2 Corinthians 2:6; ἐκδίκησις, 2 Corinthians 7:11), the object of its infliction was the ultimate restoration of the offender to Church privileges (2 Corinthians 2:6 f.; cf. 2 Corinthians 10:8, 2 Corinthians 13:10).
2. Divine punishment.-In passages in which the term occurs it is conceived as eschatological. (a) It is associated with the Intermediate State. (α) According to representations derived from apocalyptic literature, the fallen angels are depicted as undergoing punishment in Tartarus while awaiting the Final Judgment (2 Peter 2:9; cf. 2 Peter 2:4, Judges 1:6; 1 Peter 3:19). (β) The inhabitants of the Cities of the Plain have been continually subjected to punishment since the period when it was first inflicted upon them in the time of Lot (Judges 1:7 RV_).
(b) Punishment is associated with the Parousia. (α) At the Second Advent the heathen and unbelieving Jews who have persecuted or ill-used members of the Church are to receive the due reward of their deeds. The punishment meted out to them is more particularly defined as ‘eternal destruction from the face of the Lord and from the glory of his might’ (2 Thessalonians 1:9 RV_). (β) Apostates from the Christian faith, being guilty of wilful sin, for which no further sacrifice is provided, are liable under the New Covenant to far severer punishment at Christ’s Return than that which overtook offenders under the Old Covenant (Hebrews 10:29 f.; cf. Hebrews 10:37).
The primary purpose of punishment, human or Divine, is to vindicate the law, and uphold the moral order of the world, which, in the absence of such sanction. would fail to command the respect of the law-breaker. Punishment may also be imposed with a view to reform the offender or to deter others from the commission of like offences by making an example of him. It must be maintained, however, that even should punishment fail to exercise a corrective or deterrent effect, its infliction as righteous retribution would still be justified (see W. N. Clarke, An Outline of Christian Theology, Edinburgh, 1898, pp. 253-255, and R. Mackintosh, Christianity and Sin, London, 1913, p. 215). Punishment is the natural correlate and consequence of guilt. It presupposes that the wrong-dcer is responsible for the acts which have exposed him to it, and justly merits its infliction. Divine punishment is the reaction of God’s holy nature against sin. It is the outward manifestation of the Divine wrath against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men. As the manifestation of God’s just resentment, it is mainly, though not exclusively (in opposition to Ritschl, see A. E. Garvie, The Ritschlian Theology2, Edinburgh, 1902, pp. 307-310), eschatological. Punishment by itself, i.e. apart from disclosures of Divine grace, leading to ‘the apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ’ (Shorter Catechism, A. 87), has no redemptive or remedial effects upon the character, and cannot produce repentance (Romans 2:4; Romans 4:15, 2 Corinthians 7:10). Doubtless it is for this reason that the future punishment of the impenitent is never regarded as tending to the purification of the sufferers. Whatever possibilities the eternal future may have in store, the NT draws a veil over the fate of those who have failed to improve the opportunity afforded by the dispensation under which men are now living.
Literature.-For theories of punishment, in addition to works referred to in art._ see F. H. Bradley, Ethical Studies, London, 1876, ch. i; J. Seth, A Study of Ethical Principles10, do., 1908, pp. 320-323; Borden P. Bowne, Principles of Ethics, New York, 1892, ch. x; G. F. Barbour, A Philosophical Study of Christian Ethics, Edinburgh and London, 1911, pp. 285-291, 409 f.
W. S. Montgomery.

Sentence search

Penal - ) Of or pertaining to Punishment, to penalties, or to crimes and offenses; pertaining to criminal jurisprudence...
(2):...
(a. ) Enacting or threatening Punishment; as, a penal statue; the penal code. ) Incurring Punishment; subject to a penalty; as, a penalact of offense. ) Inflicted as Punishment; used as a means of Punishment; as, a penal colony or settlement
Damnation - ) A sin deserving of everlasting Punishment. ) Condemnation to everlasting Punishment in the future state, or the Punishment itself
Chastisement - ) The act of chastising; pain inflicted for Punishment and correction; discipline; Punishment
Punitive - ) Of or pertaining to Punishment; involving, awarding, or inflicting Punishment; as, punitive law or justice
Scourge - ) A lash; a strap or cord; especially, a lash used to inflict pain or Punishment; an instrument of Punishment or discipline; a whip. ) Hence, a means of inflicting Punishment, vengeance, or suffering; an infliction of affliction; a Punishment
Retribute - ) To pay back; to give in return, as payment, reward, or Punishment; to requite; as, to retribute one for his kindness; to retribute just Punishment to a criminal
Malefactor - One who commits a crime one guilty of violating the laws, in such a manner as to subject him to public prosecution and Punishment, particularly to capital Punishment a criminal
Dungeon - Different from the ordinary prison in being more severe as a place of Punishment. To be shut up in, a Punishment common in Egypt (Genesis 39:20 ; 40:3 ; 41:10 ; 42:19 ). It is not mentioned, however, in the law of Moses as a mode of Punishment. Under the later kings imprisonment was frequently used as a Punishment (2 Chronicles 16:10 ; Jeremiah 20:2 ; 32:2 ; 33:1 ; 37:15 ), and it was customary after the Exile (Matthew 11:2 ; Luke 3:20 ; Acts 5:18,21 ; Matthew 18:30 )
Punition - ) Punishment
Colosse - Punishment; correction
Annihilationism - This is contradicted by the Bible in Matthew 25:46 which says “And these will go away into eternal Punishment, but the righteous into eternal life. ” Also, degrees of Punishment will be given on the Day of Judgment (Revelation 20:11-15). If all, or only the wicked are annihilated, then degrees of Punishment would be pointless
Capital Punishment - In the Bible, capital Punishment was the Punishment for murder (Numbers 35:16), adultery (Leviticus 20:10), incest (Leviticus 20:11), bestiality (Leviticus 20:15), homosexuality (Numbers 18:22), etc
Punisher - ) One who inflicts Punishment
Retribution - ) That which is given in repayment or compensation; return suitable to the merits or deserts of, as an action; commonly, condign Punishment for evil or wrong. ) Specifically, reward and Punishment, as distributed at the general judgment
Punishments of the Hebrews - There were several sorts of Punishments in use among the Jews which are mentioned in the Scripture. The Punishment of the cross. This Punishment was common, Genesis 38:24 ; Leviticus...
Genesis 21:9 . Commentators are much divided about the meaning of this Punishment; but most of them are of opinion that the bastinado, or the Punishment...
of the stick, is intended, and that the Apostle alludes to the cruelties exercised upon old Eleazar; for, in 2Ma_6:19 , where his martyrdom is spoken of, it is said that he came to the tympanum. The Punishment of the saw, or to be cut asunder in the middle,...
Hebrews 11:37 . This Punishment was not unknown to the...
Hebrews. Some think this Punishment was seldom executed, but the offender was made to suffer in his property rather than in his person: yet there are some instances on record, Judges 16:21 ; 1 Samuel 11:2 ; 2 Kings 25:7
Punitory - ) Punishing; tending to Punishment; punitive
Amenable - ) Liable to be brought to account or Punishment; answerable; responsible; accountable; as, amenable to law. ) Liable to Punishment, a charge, a claim, etc
Remissful - ) Inclined to remit Punishment; lenient; clement
Elinguation - ) Punishment by cutting out the tongue
Penology - ) The science or art of Punishment
Avengement - ) The inflicting of retributive Punishment; satisfaction taken
Thief - See Crimes and Punishment; Law, Ten Commandments, Torah
Theft - See Crimes and Punishment; Ethics ; Law, Ten Commandments, Torah
Inflicted - Laid on applied as Punishment or judgments
Mulct - ) Hence, to deprive of; to withhold by way of Punishment or discipline. a pecuniary Punishment or penalty
Amende - ) A pecuniary Punishment or fine; a reparation or recantation
Chibut hakever - "purgatory of the grave"); a Punishment for certain sins...
Penality - ) The quality or state of being penal; lability to Punishment
Avenged - Satisfied by the Punishment of the offender vindicated punished
Fustigation - ) A Punishment by beating with a stick or club; cudgeling
Capital Punishment - Capital Punishment was legislated in ancient Israel and appears to be divinely ordered. ...
Offenses Calling for Capital Punishment: 1. ...
Forms of Capital Punishment Stipulated or Mentioned: 1. ...
Does Scripture Require Capital Punishment? How do we reconcile Exodus 20:13 (“Thou shalt not kill”) with Genesis 9:6 (“Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed”)? If an individual kills another, it is murder; if the state kills, it is not murder, some would say. Is Genesis 9:6 the mandate for capital Punishment? Its rationale appears to be the unique value of persons, “for in the image of God made he man” ( Genesis 9:6 ). Has the Lord spoken forever against eating rare meat and for executing killer animals? Is it sound biblical interpretation if we interpret “by man shall his blood be shed” as a divine command for capital Punishment yet consistently ignore the other commands in the context in which it is found?...
How do we explain the Lord's protection of Cain in Genesis 4:15 where a “mark” was placed on him to fend off self-appointed executioners? God's grace spared the original first-degree murderer. Is authority to punish a mandate to kill? If the sword is to be taken literally and the state's hold on the sword is a mandate to kill, then capital Punishment should be the primary Punishment the state has available to use, and it should always be by a literal sword. However, if the sword is symbolic, then various forms of Punishment and deterrence are available to the state. ...
Scripture does not present capital Punishment as always mandatory. All Scripture should be filtered through the perspective of the apostolic tradition and especially through the mind of Jesus Christ who himself was a victim of capital Punishment on the cross. ...
Does Scripture Permit Capital Punishment? If Scripture does not require the state to execute killers, does it allow such action by way of exception? A generally accepted principle of killing not subject to Punishment is self-defense, whereby killing is forced on us as the only way to prevent someone from killing us. In this sense capital Punishment may be a form of self-defense on the part of the state. ...
Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment 1. Deterrence: capital Punishment will discourage murdering. Protection: Capital Punishment protects other prisoners and guards from killers sentenced to life in prison. Capital Punishment protects the other citizens. Punishment: This is the only argument that has any Scriptural support. Yet, are there more humane ways of Punishment than execution? Many see that life in prison without possibility of parole is a greater Punishment than death. A sense of justice requires that a murderer be punished, yet nonlethal Punishment preserves the life-valuing role of the state. Is this more in line with a biblical sense of justice which also values life? To be effective, Punishment should be certain, swift, and impartial. ...
In summary, the Bible prescribed capital Punishment for certain cases in its society. Which methods of biblical interpretation allow us to determine where capital Punishment should apply? How do biblical forms of capital Punishment relate to modern society? Does Scripture absolutely require capital Punishment? In what situation(s) does a government have the right and/or responsibility to carry out capital Punishment? Are there scriptural answers to the arguments for and against capital Punishment?...
Guy Greenfield...
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Punishment - The word ‘punishment’ is employed to translate κόλασις (1 John 4:18 RV_) and τιμωρία (Hebrews 10:29). Other words translated ‘punishment’ are δίκη (2 Thessalonians 1:9 RV_), ἐκδίκησις (1 Peter 2:14, ‘vengeance’ in RV_), and ἐπιτιμία (2 Corinthians 2:6). ...
The term ‘punishment’ (Lat. Human authority to inflict Punishment is ultimately derived from a Divine source. Punishment inflicted by human authority. On the basis of such charges it was sought to make the apostles and others who adhered to their doctrine and fellowship amenable to Punishment (Acts 4:21; Acts 22:25; Acts 26:11). (β) In the exercise of discipline, the members of a Christian church, acting as a judicial body, were vested with the power to inflict censure, or the severer Punishment of exclusion from the fellowship of the Church, on every brother who walked disorderly (1 Corinthians 5:3-5, 1 Thessalonians 5:14, 2 Thessalonians 3:6). While the extreme penalty of exclusion was called Punishment (ἐπιτιμία, 2 Corinthians 2:6; ἐκδίκησις, 2 Corinthians 7:11), the object of its infliction was the ultimate restoration of the offender to Church privileges (2 Corinthians 2:6 f. Divine Punishment. (α) According to representations derived from apocalyptic literature, the fallen angels are depicted as undergoing Punishment in Tartarus while awaiting the Final Judgment (2 Peter 2:9; cf. (β) The inhabitants of the Cities of the Plain have been continually subjected to Punishment since the period when it was first inflicted upon them in the time of Lot (Judges 1:7 RV_). ...
(b) Punishment is associated with the Parousia. The Punishment meted out to them is more particularly defined as ‘eternal destruction from the face of the Lord and from the glory of his might’ (2 Thessalonians 1:9 RV_). (β) Apostates from the Christian faith, being guilty of wilful sin, for which no further sacrifice is provided, are liable under the New Covenant to far severer Punishment at Christ’s Return than that which overtook offenders under the Old Covenant (Hebrews 10:29 f. ...
The primary purpose of Punishment, human or Divine, is to vindicate the law, and uphold the moral order of the world, which, in the absence of such sanction. Punishment may also be imposed with a view to reform the offender or to deter others from the commission of like offences by making an example of him. It must be maintained, however, that even should Punishment fail to exercise a corrective or deterrent effect, its infliction as righteous retribution would still be justified (see W. Punishment is the natural correlate and consequence of guilt. Divine Punishment is the reaction of God’s holy nature against sin. Punishment by itself, i. Doubtless it is for this reason that the future Punishment of the impenitent is never regarded as tending to the purification of the sufferers. -For theories of Punishment, in addition to works referred to in art
Castigation - ) Corrective Punishment; chastisement; reproof; pungent criticism
Baculine - ) Of or pertaining to the rod or Punishment with the rod
Damn - ) To condemn; to declare guilty; to doom; to adjudge to Punishment; to sentence; to censure. ) To doom to Punishment in the future world; to consign to perdition; to curse
Plitt - ) An instrument of Punishment or torture resembling the knout, used in Russia
Taws - ) A leather lash, or other instrument of Punishment, used by a schoolmaster
Anathema Maranatha - (1 Corinthians 16:22) The apostle seems to have borrowed it from the Jews, whose custom was, when they could not find a Punishment sufficiently great according to their apprehension of the crime, to devote the offender to the Lord's own Punishment, in his own time and way. The apostle, therefore, in allusion to this custom, when speaking of those who love not the Lord Jesus Christ, as if no Punishment he could think of would be equal to such horrible ingratitude and impiety, exclaims, Let him be Anathema Maranatha! The want of that love will be to him an everlasting source of bitterness
Satisfaction - ...
(2) In particular, compensation made to God for the debt of temporal Punishment. That such a debt of Punishment may reamin after the sin itself has been forgiven, and that man can make satisfaction for it, is evident from Scripture (2 Kings 12; Jonah 3), and from Christian tradition. The penance given after sacramental confession is intended principally to make satisfactoin for the debt of tempoal Punishment
Destructionists - a denomination of Christians who believe that the final Punishment threatened in the Gospel to the wicked and impenitent, consists not in eternal misery, but in a total extinction of being; and that the sentence of annihilation shall be executed with more or less previous torment, in proportion to the greater or less guilt of the criminal. Bourn argues, that there are many passages of Scripture, in which the ultimate Punishment to which wicked men shall be adjudged is defined, in the most precise and intelligible terms, to be an everlasting destruction, proceeding from Him who is equally able to destroy as to create; and who, by our Lord himself, is said to be "able to destroy both soul and body in hell. " By the "everlasting Punishment of the wicked," therefore, Mr. That annihilation, as a Punishment, admits of no degrees. Winchester says, "for ages of ages,") annihilation must be rather a relief from Punishment, than the Punishment itself. That the Punishment of impenitent men is described as the same with that of the fallen angels, who are not annihilated, Matthew 25:41 , but remain in expectation of future Punishment, "Art thou come to torment us before the time?" Matthew 8:29 . In the state of future Punishment: there is said to be "weeping and gnashing of teeth," Matthew 24:51 . As the happiness of saints in the future state consists not merely in being, but in well being, or happiness; so the Punishment of the wicked requires the idea of eternal suffering to support the contrast. But the capital argument is, that it is unscriptural:— "Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched," is, like many others, a declaration to which no dexterity of interpretation can give any other good sense, than the continuance of conscious Punishment
Flagellation - Punishment or voluntary penance administered by means of a whip, rod, or stick; mentioned in both Old and New Testaments. In the fifth and succeeding centuries it was employed as a sanction in monastic discipline, and in the 13th century canon law recognized it as a Punishment for ecclesiastics
Chastisement - Correction Punishment pain inflicted for Punishment and correction, either by stripes or otherwise
Condemning - Censuring disallowing pronouncing to be wrong, guilty, worthless or forfeited sentencing to Punishment
Innocence - Acting in perfect consonance to the law, without incurring guilt or consequent Punishment
Chabuk - ) A long whip, such as is used in the East in the infliction of Punishment
Annihilationist - ) One who believes that eternal Punishment consists in annihilation or extinction of being; a destructionist
Avenging - Executing vengeance taking satisfaction for an injury by the Punishment of the offender vindicating
Condemned - Censures pronounced to be wrong, guilty, worthless or forfeited adjudged or sentenced to Punishment
Ransomed - Redeemed or rescued from captivity, bondage or Punishment by the payment of an equivalent
Everlasting Punishment - “Punishment” introduces the ideas of wrongdoing and evil. Thus, to wrestle with the idea of “everlasting Punishment” is to grapple with notions of time, justice, evil, and the end of time. The Old Testament never directly addresses the issue of “everlasting Punishment. All “punishment” in the Old Testament is executed within history (e. Though one can find expressions of individual guilt, Punishment and forgiveness in the Psalms, and though one can find the language of universal judgment in the prophets—that is, that unfaithful Israel and all the nations of the world will be historically punished—it is not until after the Old Testament that the notions of “eternal Punishment” or “everlasting judgment” are developed. The opposite of “eternal life,” “everlasting Punishment” is thought of as an “eternal fire,” a “second death” or an “eternal destruction. The remarkable New Testament teaching is that “everlasting Punishment” in some ways has already begun in the revelation of the gospel
Everlasting Punishment - “Punishment” introduces the ideas of wrongdoing and evil. Thus, to wrestle with the idea of “everlasting Punishment” is to grapple with notions of time, justice, evil, and the end of time. The Old Testament never directly addresses the issue of “everlasting Punishment. All “punishment” in the Old Testament is executed within history (e. Though one can find expressions of individual guilt, Punishment and forgiveness in the Psalms, and though one can find the language of universal judgment in the prophets—that is, that unfaithful Israel and all the nations of the world will be historically punished—it is not until after the Old Testament that the notions of “eternal Punishment” or “everlasting judgment” are developed. The opposite of “eternal life,” “everlasting Punishment” is thought of as an “eternal fire,” a “second death” or an “eternal destruction. The remarkable New Testament teaching is that “everlasting Punishment” in some ways has already begun in the revelation of the gospel
Hell - (probably from Anglo-Saxon: helan, conceal) ...
Theologically, a place of privation and Punishment after death. In the strict sense of the term, hell (infernus) is the place of eternal Punishment for the damned, whether demons or men. In a broad sense it may mean: ...
the limbo of infants (limbus parvulorum), where those who die in original sin, but without personal mortal sin, are deprived of the happiness which would come to them in the supernatural order, but not of happiness in the natural order; ...
the limbo of the Fathers (limbus patrum) where the souls of the just who died before Christ awaited their admission to heaven, which had been closed against them in Punishment for the sin of Adam; ...
purgatory, where the just who die in venial sin or who still owe a debt of temporal Punishment for sin are cleansed by suffering before their admission to heaven. The existence of hell is shown from innumerable passages of Holy Scripture where it is referred to, not only as a place of Punishment, but as a place of eternal Punishment of fire for those who die in the state of mortal sin. The chief Punishment is of course loss of God. That there should exist a place of Punishment as well as a place of reward for men after death is readily admitted by all who believe in the existence of God and the immortality of the human soul
Scourge - (sscuhuhrge) A severe form of corporal Punishment involving whipping and beating, usually was done with the victim tied to a post or bench and administered by a servant of the synagogue (if for religious reasons), or by a slave or soldier. Matthew and Mark use a word meaning “flog” (a lesser Punishment), while Luke says that Pilate offered to have Jesus “chastise[1]” ( Luke 23:16 ), which was a still lighter Punishment
Damnably - ) In a manner to incur severe censure, condemnation, or Punishment
Vindicatory - ) Inflicting Punishment; avenging; punitory
Punishment - The law required that capital Punishment should be inflicted for reviling a parent, blasphemy, sabbath-breaking, witchcraft, adultery, man-stealing, idolatry, murder, etc. Capital Punishment was by stoning, Deuteronomy 13:10 ; burning, Leviticus 20:14 ; the sword, Exodus 32:27 ; and hanging, Deuteronomy 21:22,23 . Capital Punishment was at times carried out in ways not mentioned in the law: sawing asunder and cutting with harrows and axes, 2 Samuel 12:31 ; Hebrews 11:37 ; precipitation, 2 Chronicles 25:12 ; Luke 4:29 . In other cases the Punishment was according to the offence: "eye for eye, tooth for tooth," etc. Imprisonment for definite periods was not customary as a Punishment, though persons were imprisoned. Punishment was needed in the government of the nation of Israel, as it is in any nation now. God's four direct Punishments were "the sword, the famine, the noisome beast, and the pestilence
Lynch Law - The act or practice by private persons of inflicting Punishment for crimes or offenses, without due process of law
Unpunished - Not punished suffered to pass without Punishment or with impunity as a thief unpunished an unpunished crime
Cangue - ) A very broad and heavy wooden collar which certain offenders in China are compelled to wear as a Punishment
Punishable - ) Deserving of, or liable to, Punishment; capable of being punished by law or right; - said of person or offenses
Transportable - ) Incurring, or subject to, the Punishment of transportation; as, a transportable offense
Anch - ) To drop from a high place upon sharp stakes or hooks, as the Turks dropped malefactors, by way of Punishment
Sapphira - She was a partner in his guilt and also in his Punishment (Acts 5:1-11 )
Attrite - ) Repentant from fear of Punishment; having attrition of grief for sin; - opposed to contrite
Pardon - ) To remit the penalty of; to suffer to pass without Punishment; to forgive; - applied to offenses. ) The act of pardoning; forgiveness, as of an offender, or of an offense; release from penalty; remission of Punishment; absolution. ) To absolve from the consequences of a fault or the Punishment of crime; to free from penalty; - applied to the offender
Discipline - , soldiers, pupils; an instrument of penance, such as a whip or scourge; self-flagellation, a private means of penance and mortification in use from an early date in most religious orders; Punishment administered with a view to correction; the exercise by the Church of its power of spiritual Punishment; the laws and directions laid down and formulated by church authority for the guidance of the faithful
Blanketing - ) The act or Punishment of tossing in a blanket
Avengement - Vengeance Punishment the act of taking satisfaction for an injury in inflicting pain or evil on the offender satisfaction taken revenge
Dor haflagah - �the generation of the division,�) the generation who constructed the Tower of Babel and as Punishment were divided and dispersed throughout the world
Damned - ) Sentenced to Punishment in a future state; condemned; consigned to perdition
Tantalism - ) A Punishment like that of Tantalus; a teasing or tormenting by the hope or near approach of good which is not attainable; tantalization
Restorationist - ) One who believes in a temporary future Punishment and a final restoration of all to the favor and presence of God; a Universalist
Stocks - Various words are used for these instruments of Punishment. Jeremiah was subjected to this Punishment
Scourging - This was a Punishment inflicted by the Romans. Paul availed himself of this privilege when he was about to be 'examined' under this Punishment
Reprobate - ) Abandoned to Punishment; hence, morally abandoned and lost; given up to vice; depraved. ) To abandon to Punishment without hope of pardon
Punishment (2) - PUNISHMENT...
1. God’s Punishment of sin. —For the sufferings of Christ for sin, see Atonement: the present article is concerned only with the Punishment of men. The Gospel teaching on this important subject can be briefly summarized in a few paragraphs:...
(a) The fact of Punishment. So serious may this Punishment be, that death would be a preferable alternative (Mark 9:42); and, unrestricted to individual transgressors, it may fall also both upon cities (Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:21; Matthew 23:38) and upon nations (Matthew 21:43-44; Matthew 23:35; Matthew 23:38). The principle of Punishment was illustrated in our Lord’s action (Mark 11:12 ff. ...
(b) The expression of Punishment. —God’s Punishment of men for sin, the fact of which is thus recognized by the Gospels, finds expression in different ways, (α) Our Lord seems to hint that even in the conditions of a man’s present life the penalty of sin may sometimes be perceived. Apart from these vague suggestions of a physical penalty, the Gospels recognize both a present and a future Punishment of sin. (β) There is a sense in which a man’s judgment, and hence his Punishment, is immediate. A discussion of the Punishment resulting from that judgment does not fall within the scope of the present article, and the reader is therefore referred to the separate study on Eternal Punishment. Here it will suffice to observe that, whatever be its accidents, the essence of Punishment will consist in banishment from the presence of Christ (Matthew 7:23; Matthew 25:41); and that it will be marked by varying degrees of severity (Mark 12:40, Matthew 10:15; Matthew 11:22; Matthew 11:24, Luke 12:48), each of us by his own use of opportunity providing his own criterion (Matthew 5:7; Matthew 7:1-2; Matthew 10:33, Mark 4:24). ...
(c) The aim of Punishment. —Punishment may be conceived as either disciplinary or retributive in its purpose. All that we can do, therefore, is to deduce from His words certain general considerations bearing more or less closely on the end that Punishment has in view (α) On the one hand, the teaching of the Gospels confirms the verdict of our own moral sense, that so long as there is any hope of a sinner’s recovery, the reformatory element must at least be prominent in the transaction. It is in keeping with this that of the two words denoting ‘punishment,’ κόλασις and τιμωρία, distinguished in classical Greek as respectively remedial and penal in their purpose (so Plato; see Trench, Syn. That the classical shade of meaning is retained in the NT is signified by the suggestive use of κολάζεσθαι in 2 Peter 2:9, where the Punishment precedes judgment, and therefore could scarcely yet be retributive. (β) On the other hand, the terms in which Christ refers to Punishment (e. Mark 14:21 and 1 John 5:16), distinctly implies a Punishment that is retributive in character. The proportion in which these two elements in the Divine Punishment of men are combined, is beyond our knowledge. ) The Punishment of the sinner is such as Love can inflict. Indeed, the surest proof of the Punishment of sin is to be found in the love of God. If, therefore, Punishment is an expression of Love, it will contain the elements of discipline and retribution in such proportion as Love demands. ) Hence, too, it follows that the duration of Punishment will be such as Love requires. It seems reasonable to expect that as soon as a sinner becomes forgivable, the retributive aspect of Punishment is at an end, and discipline alone remains; and that when discipline has utterly failed to reclaim a man, it in its turn must give place to simple retribution. (On the nature and purpose of Punishment, see Moberly’s valuable chapter in Atonement and Personality, ch. Forms of human Punishment. —(a) Among Punishments mentioned as of general imposition are several which demand no detailed treatment. ...
(b) The two prominent forms of human Punishment inflicted upon Jesus were those of scourging and crucifixion
Ferule - on the hand, in Punishment
Recidivism - after conviction and Punishment
Vengeance - ) Punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an offense; retribution; - often, in a bad sense, passionate or unrestrained revenge
Lynch - ) To inflict Punishment upon, especially death, without the forms of law, as when a mob captures and hangs a suspected person
Scourging - The Punishment of scourging was common among the Jews. The instrument of Punishment in ancient Egypt, as it is also in modern times generally in the East, was usually the stick, applied to the soles of the feet --bastinado
Army - Joel 2:25 (b) This word is used to describe the great hordes of locusts, caterpillars and palmer warms which GOD sent as a Punishment on Israel
Fault - A slight defect or crime which subjects a person to blame, but not to Punishment; a deviation from, or transgression of a rule in some trifling circumstance
Indulgence - In Catholicism, a means by which the Catholic church takes away some of the Punishment due the Christian in this life and/or purgatory because of his sin
Remorse - When it is blended with the fear of Punishment, and rises to despair, it constitutes the supreme wretchedness of the mind
Disciplinable - ) Liable or deserving to be disciplined; subject to disciplinary Punishment; as, a disciplinable offense
Damned - Sentenced to everlasting Punishment in a future state condemned
Chastening - Correction Punishment for the purpose of reclaiming
Revenger - One who inflicts just Punishment for injuries
Ransom - In law, a sum paid for the pardon of some great offense and the discharge of the offender or a fine paid in lieu of corporal Punishment. In Scripture, the price paid for a forfeited life, or for delivery or release from capital Punishment. The price paid for procuring the pardon of sins and the redemption of the sinner from Punishment. To redeem from captivity or Punishment by paying an equivalent applied to persons as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy. In Scripture, to redeem from the bondage of sin, and from the Punishment to which sinners are subjected by the divine law
Divine Retribution - Process of God's meting out merited requital—punishment for evil or reward for good. “Divine retribution,” however, involves both reward and Punishment, blessing and curse. ...
Though the exact phrase “divine retribution” does not occur in the Old Testament, the idea is quite prevalent: people will be repaid in this life for what they do—blessing for good, Punishment for evil. It is dangerous to interpret all suffering as Punishment. The remarkable development in the New Testament is that reward/punishment in this life is a foretaste of that which will be experienced at the end of time. As in the Old Testament, the standard for reward and Punishment is still God's character, His faithfulness. Divine retribution, both as reward and Punishment, is found in the gospel preaching and is a foretaste of the final reckoning that is to occur on that great and glorious day. See Eschatology ; Eternal Life ; Everlasting Punishment ; Future Hope
Theftbote - ) The receiving of a man's goods again from a thief, or a compensation for them, by way of composition, with the intent that the thief shall escape Punishment
Condemned - ) Pronounced to be wrong, guilty, worthless, or forfeited; adjudged or sentenced to Punishment, destruction, or confiscation
Masthead - ) To cause to go to the masthead as a Punishment
Damnation - Sentence or condemnation to everlasting Punishment in the future state or the state of eternal torments
Cyphonism - ) A Punishment sometimes used by the ancients, consisting in the besmearing of the criminal with honey, and exposing him to insects
Inflicted - reads "this Punishment, the (one) by the majority
Decimation - ) A selection of every tenth person by lot, as for Punishment
Malefactor - ) An evil doer; one who commits a crime; one subject to public prosecution and Punishment; a criminal
Keelhaul - It was formerly practiced as a Punishment in the Dutch and English navies
Justice of God - In remunerative justice he distributes rewards (James 1:12 ; 2 Timothy 4:8 ); in vindictive or punitive justice he inflicts Punishment on account of transgression (2 Thessalonians 1:6 ). He cannot, as being infinitely righteous, do otherwise than regard and hate sin as intrinsically hateful and deserving of Punishment. His essential and eternal righteousness immutably determines him to visit every sin as such with merited Punishment
Scourge - An instrument of Punishment in Egypt and Rome. The Punishment was inflicted on the offender lying on the ground. To this degrading Punishment no Roman citizen could be subjected
Mitigation - ) The act of mitigating, or the state of being mitigated; abatement or diminution of anything painful, harsh, severe, afflictive, or calamitous; as, the mitigation of pain, grief, rigor, severity, Punishment, or penalty
Day of the Lord - With Amos, however, the conception of Punishment became less ethnic and more moral. The sins of Israel itself deserved Punishment, and Amos declared that the luxury of the nation, with all its economic oppression, had grown hateful to Jehovah, and unless abandoned would bring fearful Punishment ( Amos 2:6-8 ; Amos 3:9-15 ; Amos 5:10-13 ; Amos 6:4-8 ). After Amos the thought of an awful day of Divine Punishment was extended from Israel to a world of sinners. According to Zephaniah ( Amos 1:2-15 , Amos 2:4-15 ), Punishment was now to come upon all wicked persons, both Jews and Gentiles, because of wrong. With the later prophets there is to be seen an element of reconstruction as well as Punishment in Jehovah’s action
Extenuation - ) The act of axtenuating or the state of being extenuated; the act of making thin, slender, or lean, or of palliating; diminishing, or lessening; palliation, as of a crime; mitigation, as of Punishment
Obnoxious - ) Liable to censure; exposed to Punishment; reprehensible; blameworthy
Gnashing of Teeth - In the New Testament, gnashing of teeth is associated with the place of future Punishment (for example, Matthew 8:12 ; Matthew 13:42 ,Matthew 13:42,13:50 ). ) See Hell ; Punishment, Everlasting
Chain - ...
Ezekiel 7:23 (b) The combination of circumstances and conditions which the Lord would bring upon Israel in Punishment are compared to links in a chain to bind His people. ...
Revelation 20:1 (b) GOD's commandments restrict, prohibit, and defeat Satan and are compared to links that form a chain for his utter Punishment
Curse - In Scripture language it signifies the just and lawful sentence of God's law, condemning sinners to suffer the full Punishment of their sin, Galatians 3:10
Rustication - ) The act of rusticating, or the state of being rusticated; specifically, the Punishment of a student for some offense, by compelling him to leave the institution for a time
Fishhooks - Amos 4:2 (a) GOD will use means to catch the people of Israel from all over the world in such a way that they cannot escape the Punishment He will pour out on them
Antlet - ) A military Punishment formerly in use, wherein the offender was made to run between two files of men facing one another, who struck him as he passed
Reprobation - ) The predestination of a certain number of the human race as reprobates, or objects of condemnation and Punishment
Sin (2) - 'aashaam , "guilt," incurring Punishment and needing atonement, Ra , "ill," "ruin," the same word for "badness" and "calamity" literally, breaking in pieces. The Punishment of the individual's sins are remedial, disciplinary, and deterrent in this world; and judicially retributive in the world to come. (On eternal Punishment, see HELL. That, the length of Punishment is out of all proportion with the time of sin. But the duration of sin is no criterion of the duration of Punishment: a fire burns in a few minutes records thereby lost for ever; a murder committed in a minute entails cutting off from life for ever; one act of rebellion entails perpetual banishment from the king. That the sinner's eternal Punishment would be Satan's eternal triumph. But Satan has had his triumph in bringing sin and death into the world; his sharing the sinner's eternal Punishment will be the reverse of a triumph; the abiding Punishment of the lost will be a standing witness of God's holy hatred of sin, and a preservative against any future rebellion. That the eternity of Punishment involves the eternity of sin
Pekod - It is the opinion, however, of some that this word signifies "visitation," "punishment," and allegorically "designates Babylon as the city which was to be destroyed
Chasten - ) To correct by Punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod
Proportionate - ) To make proportional; to adjust according to a settled rate, or to due comparative relation; to proportion; as, to proportionate Punishment to crimes
Fowler - In the Punishment of Israel their prophets became as the snare of the fowler
Justifier - He who pardons and absolves from guilt and Punishment
Crime - ...
See Punishment and SIN
Raca - Expressing contempt of one as at once despicable and worthless; three degrees of angry bitterness, and of corresponding Punishment, are described Matthew 5:22
Avenge - To take satisfaction for, by pain or Punishment inflicted on the injuring party. But modern usage inclines to make a valuable distinction in the use of these words, restricting avenge to the taking of just Punishment, and revenge to the infliction of pain or evil, maliciously, in an illegal manner. In the passive form this verb signifies to have or receive just satisfaction, by the Punishment of the offender
Excision - The cutting off a person from fellowship with the community to which he belongs, by way of Punishment for some sin committed. The Jews, Selden informs us, reckon up thirty-six crimes, to which they pretend this Punishment is due
Blow - It is a divine Punishment sent by GOD Himself. ...
Haggai 1:9 (b) Here we see a type of GOD's Punishment and curse upon that which disobedient Israel sought to accomplish
Immortality - The immortality of the soul is argued from its boundless desires and capacities, is unlimited improvement, its desert of future Punishment or reward, etc. The everlasting woe of the wicked, the Punishment of their sins, runs parallel with the eternal life of the redeemed, Matthew 25:46
Sorcerer - The practice of sorcery exposed to severest Punishment ( Malachi 3:5 ; Revelation 21:8 ; 22:15 )
Hell - In the minds of most English-speaking people, hell is a place of terrible torment where the wicked dead are sent for final Punishment. ...
Gehenna was the name Jesus used for the place of final Punishment of the wicked. Because of this association with judgment and burning, ‘gehenna’ became a fitting word to indicate the place or state of eternal Punishment (Matthew 10:28; Matthew 18:9; Matthew 23:33; Mark 9:43-48; cf. ...
According to the New Testament, the Punishment of hell (gehenna) is one of eternal torment. ...
Another symbolic picture of eternal Punishment is that of a lake of fire prepared for the enemies of God (Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10; cf. (See also JUDGMENT; Punishment
Requital - ) The act of requiting; also, that which requites; return, good or bad, for anything done; in a good sense, compensation; recompense; as, the requital of services; in a bad sense, retaliation, or Punishment; as, the requital of evil deeds
Drown - Drowning was a mode of capital Punishment in use among the Syrians, and was known to the Jews in the time of our Lord
Stoning - A form of Punishment (Leviticus 20:2 ; 24:14 ; Deuteronomy 13:10 ; 17:5 ; 22:21 ) prescribed for certain offences
Bastinado - Beating, a mode of Punishment common in the East
Wrath - ) The effects of anger or indignation; the just Punishment of an offense or a crime
Animadversion - ) Judicial cognizance of an offense; chastisement; Punishment
Animadvert - ) To take cognizance judicially; to inflict Punishment
Damnable - That may be damned or condemned deserving damnation worthy of eternal Punishment
Shave - Isaiah 7:20 (a) This describes the Punishment of Israel when the Assyrians invaded the land
Scalp - Psalm 68:21 (b) This is a type of the Punishment of all GOD's enemies
Malediction - The announcement of a temporal loss or of eternal loss as a Punishment for sin made by God Himself or by one speaking in the name of God; as in Genesis 3, and Deuteronomy 11. It may mean also the wishing of evil to a person from a sentiment of hatred or the like, against that person, or from a natural resentment on account of some offense deserving Punishment
Ransom - ) A sum paid for the pardon of some great offense and the discharge of the offender; also, a fine paid in lieu of corporal Punishment. ) To redeem from captivity, servitude, Punishment, or forfeit, by paying a price; to buy out of servitude or penalty; to rescue; to deliver; as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy
Second Death - Philo uses the term to refer to all miseries arising from sin causing physical death followed by hopelessness in the afterlife (Rewards and Punishments 2. ...
The word used for "eternal Punishment" in Matthew 25:46 is kolasis [1]. Moulton and Milligan can find only examples in papyrus where kolasis [1] involves the person actually feeling the Punishment. ...
Paul Ferguson...
See also Eternal Punishment ; Judgment ; Lake of Fire ...
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Execution - In law, the carrying into effect a sentence or judgment of court the last act of the law in completing the process by which justice is to be done, by which the possession of land or debt, damages or cost, is obtained, or by which judicial Punishment is inflicted. The last act of the law in the Punishment of criminals capital Punishment death inflicted according to the forms of law
Attrition - ) Grief for sin arising only from fear of Punishment or feelings of shame
Sho'a - The three apparently designate districts of Assyria with which the southern kingdom of Judah has been intimately connected, and which were to be arrayed against it for Punishment
Adonibezek - He had his thumbs and great toes cut off, having himself inflicted the same Punishment on 70 chiefs
Shittim - The scene of the sin with the Midianites, and of its terrible Punishment, Numbers 25:1-18; Numbers 31:1-12; the sending forth of the spies to Jericho; and the final preparation before crossing the Jordan
Overlook - , God bore with them without interposing by way of Punishment, though the debasing tendencies of idolatry necessarily developed themselves
Chastise - ) To inflict pain upon, by means of stripes, or in any other manner, for the purpose of Punishment or reformation; to punish, as with stripes
Naboth - As Punishment, Ahab's family was annihilated and Jezebel's flesh eaten by dogs
Impostors, Religious - They are punishable in the temporal courts with fine, imprisonment, and corporeal Punishment
Varuna - He is regarded as regent of the west, and lord of Punishment, and is represented as riding on a sea monster, holding in his hand a snaky cord or noose with which to bind offenders, under water
Boating - ) In Persia, a Punishment of capital offenders, by laying them on the back in a covered boat, where they are left to perish
Payment - ) Punishment; chastisement
Executioner - One who executes one who carries into effect a judgment of death one who inflicts a capital Punishment in pursuance of a legal warrant
Uilt - ) The criminality and consequent exposure to Punishment resulting from willful disobedience of law, or from morally wrong action; the state of one who has broken a moral or political law; crime; criminality; offense against right
Discipline - ) Severe training, corrective of faults; instruction by means of misfortune, suffering, Punishment, etc. ) Correction; chastisement; Punishment inflicted by way of correction and training. ) Self-inflicted and voluntary corporal Punishment, as penance, or otherwise; specifically, a penitential scourge
Blacklist - ) To put in a black list as deserving of suspicion, censure, or Punishment; esp
Barren - For a woman to be barren was accounted a severe Punishment among the Jews (Genesis 16:2 ; 30:1-23 ; 1 Samuel 1:6,27 ; Isaiah 47:9 ; 49:21 ; Luke 1:25 )
Pestilence - This is often mentioned along with the sword and the famine as Punishment from God upon His rebellious people
Sanbenito - , and worn by persons who had been examined by the Inquisition and were brought forth for Punishment at the auto-da-fe
Destructionists - Those who believe that the final Punishment threatened in the Gospel to the wicked and impenitent consists not in an eternal preservation in misery and torment, but in a total extinction of being, and that the sentence of annihilation shall be executed with more or less torment, preceding or attending the final period, in proportion to the greater or less guilt of the criminal The name assumed by this denomination, like those of many others, takes for granted the question is dispute, viz. Bourn argues as follows: There are many passages of Scripture in which the ultimate Punishment to which wicked men shall be adjudged is defined, in the most precise and intelligible terms, to be an everlasting destruction from the power of God, which is equally able to destroy as to preserve. ...
So when our Saviour is fortifying the minds of his disciples against the power of men, by an awe of the far greater power of God, and the Punishment of his justice, he expresseth himself thus: Fear not them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do; fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. And when he says, These shall go away into everlasting Punishment, but the righteous into life eternal, it appears evident that by that eternal Punishment which is set in opposition to eternal life, is not meant any kind of life, however miserable, but the same which the apostle expresses by everlasting destruction from the presence and power of the Lord. The very term, death, is most frequently made use of to signify the end of wicked men in another world, or the final effect of divine justice in their Punishment. Hi next proceeds to the figures by which the eternal Punishment of wicked men is described, and finds them perfectly agreeing to establish the same doctrine. But if all wicked men shall suffer torments without end, how can any of them be said to suffer but a few stripes? All degrees and distinctions of Punishment seem swallowed up in the notion of never-ending or infinite misery. Finally, death and the eternal destruction, or annihilation, is properly styled in the New Testament an everlasting Punishment, as it is irrevocable and unalterable for ever; and it is most strictly and literally styled, an everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power. The different degrees of Punishment which the wicked will suffer according to their works, proves that it does not consist in annihilation, which admits of no degrees. If it be said that the Punishment of the wicked, though it will end in annihilation, yet shall be preceded by torment, and that this will be of different degrees according to the degrees of sin; it may be replied, this is making it to be compounded partly of torment, and partly of annihilation. The latter also appears to be but a small part of future Punishment, for that alone will be inflicted on the least sinner, and on account of the least sin; and that all Punishment which will be inflicted on any person above that which is due to the least sin, is to consist in torment. ...
Nay, if we can form any idea in the present state of what would be dreadful or desirable in another, instead of its being any Punishment to be annihilated after a long series of torment, it must be a deliverance, to which the sinner would look forward with anxious desire. And is it credible that this was the termination of torment that our Lord held up to his disciples as an object of dread? Can this be the destruction of body and soul in hell? Is it credible that everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power, should constitute only a part, and a small part, of future Punishment; and such too, as, after a series of torment, must, next to being made happy, be the most acceptable thing that could befall them? Can this be the object threatened by such language, as recompensing tribulation, and taking vengeance in flaming fire? 2 Thessalonians 1:1-12 : Is it possible that God should threaten them with putting an end to their miseries? Moreover, this destruction is not described as the conclusion of a succession of torments, but as taking place immediately after the last judgment. The Punishment of wicked men will be the same as that of wicked angels, Matthew 25:41 . But the Punishment of wicked angels consists not in annihilation, but torment. Such is their present Punishment in a degree, and such in a greater degree will be their Punishment hereafter. The happiness of the righteous does not consist in eternal being, but in eternal well-being; and as the Punishment of the wicked stands every where opposed to it, it must consist not in the loss of being, but of well-being, and in suffering the contrary
Quarantines - The indulgence of quarantines means the remission of so much temporal Punishment due to sin, as would equal 40 days of such rigorous penance
Desolation - Marked by sadness, fear, despondency, agitation, scruples, an inclination towards earthly pleasures, it is sometimes permitted by God as a trial, lesson of humility, or Punishment for lukewarmness
Behead - There are instances of this mode of Punishment also among the Hebrews (2 Samuel 4:8 ; 20:21,22 ; 2 Kings 10:6-8 )
Beating - ) The act of striking or giving blows; Punishment or chastisement by blows
Exemplary - ) Serving as a warning; monitory; as, exemplary justice, Punishment, or damages
Condemnation - ) The act of judicially condemning, or adjudging guilty, unfit for use, or forfeited; the act of dooming to Punishment or forfeiture
Hell - The abode of the dead especially as a place of eternal Punishment for unbelievers. It was thought of as a place of Punishment. In the sole use of the word in the New Testament it refers to the place of Punishment for rebellious angels. ...
Punishment for sin is taught in the Old Testament, but it is mainly Punishment in this life. The New Testament teaches the idea of Punishment for sin before and after death. Some insist that the fire spoken of must be literal fire, so to interpret the language as figurative means to do away with the reality of future Punishment. Jesus spoke of a place of Punishment as “outer darkness” (Matthew 8:12 ; Matthew 22:13 ; Matthew 25:30 ). ...
Language about hell seeks to describe for humans the most awful Punishment human language can describe to warn unbelievers before it is too late. Earthly experience would lead us to believe that the nature of Punishment will fit the nature of the sin. Certainly, no one wants to suffer the Punishment of hell, and through God's grace the way for all is open to avoid hell and know the blessings of eternal life through Christ
Tooth - One of the particulars regarding which retaliatory Punishment was to be inflicted (Exodus 21:24 ; Leviticus 24:20 ; Deuteronomy 19:21 )
Deserving - Meriting having a just claim to reward justly meriting Punishment
Tartarus - ) The infernal regions, described in the Iliad as situated as far below Hades as heaven is above the earth, and by later writers as the place of Punishment for the spirits of the wicked
Deep And Depths - The deep, or the great deep, signifies in Scripture, hell, the place of Punishment, the bottomless pit, Luke 8:31 , compare Revelation 9:1 11:7 ; the grave, Romans 10:7 ; the deepest parts of the sea, Psalm 69:15 107:26 ; chaos in the beginning of the world, Genesis 1:2
Scourge - This Punishment was very common among the Jews, Deuteronomy 25:1-3 . For, according to the law, Punishment by stripes was restricted to forty at one beating, Deuteronomy 25:3
Stripes - As a Punishment were not to exceed forty (Deuteronomy 25:1-3 ), and hence arose the custom of limiting them to thirty-nine (2 Corinthians 11:24 )
Bastinado - Specifically: A form of Punishment among the Turks, Chinese, and others, consisting in beating an offender on the soles of his feet
Shear-Jashub - A symbolical name given to a son of Isaiah to signify the return of the remnant to God after the Punishment at the hands of the Assyrians
Crucifixion - ) The act of nailing or fastening a person to a cross, for the purpose of putting him to death; the use of the cross as a method of capital Punishment
Flog - ...
To beat or strike with a rod or whip to whip to lash to chastise with repeated blows a colloquial word, applied to whipping or beating for Punishment as, to flog a schoolboy or a sailor
Just, Justice - The due reward or Punishment for an act
Decimate - ) To select by lot and punish with death every tenth man of; as, to decimate a regiment as a Punishment for mutiny
Pekod - (pee' kahd) Hebrew for “punishment” or “judgment” which plays on the name Puqadu, an Aramean tribe inhabiting the area east of the mouth of the Tigris (Jeremiah 50:21 ; Ezekiel 23:23 )
Oreb, And Zeeb - Their Punishment foretells that of all God's enemies, Psalm 83:12 ; Isaiah 10:26
Baanah And Rechab - They suffered, however, the Punishment suitable for those whose "feet are swift to shed blood," 2 Samuel 4:1-12
Flogging - Punishment by repeated lashes or blows of a whip or rod(s). The Old Testament recognized flogging as a form of Punishment (Deuteronomy 25:1-3 ) though limiting it to 40 blows so that the neighbor who was punished would not be degraded
Penitentiary - ) A house of correction, in which offenders are confined for Punishment, discipline, and reformation, and in which they are generally compelled to labor. ) Used for Punishment, discipline, and reformation
Pain - ) Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a Punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty
Scourge - To whip a lash consisting of a strap or cord an instrument of Punishment or discipline. A Punishment vindictive affliction
Judgments of God - ...
The infliction of Punishment on the wicked (Exodus 6:6 ; 12:12 ; Ezekiel 25:11 ; Revelation 16:7 ), such as is mentioned in Genesis 7 ; 19:24,25 ; Judges 1:6,7 ; Acts 5:1-10 , etc
Tumbril - ) A cucking stool for the Punishment of scolds
Arrote - ) A Spanish mode of execution by strangulation, with an iron collar affixed to a post and tightened by a screw until life become extinct; also, the instrument by means of which the Punishment is inflicted
Witness - False witnesses were liable to Punishment (Deuteronomy 19:16-21 )
Erastian - He held that the Punishment of all offenses should be referred to the civil power, and that holy communion was open to all
Penance - ) A means of repairing a sin committed, and obtaining pardon for it, consisting partly in the performance of expiatory rites, partly in voluntary submission to a Punishment corresponding to the transgression
Denounce - ) To point out as deserving of reprehension or Punishment, etc
Chaff - The wicked also are compared to chaff to be burned up with unquenchable fire — eternal Punishment
Condemnation - The act of condemning the judicial act of declaring one guilty, and dooming him to Punishment
Uilty - ) Having incurred guilt; criminal; morally delinquent; wicked; chargeable with, or responsible for, something censurable; justly exposed to penalty; - used with of, and usually followed by the crime, sometimes by the Punishment
Chasten - To correct by Punishment to punish to inflict pain for the purpose of reclaiming an offender as, to chasten a son with a rod
Murder - Cain's Punishment God Himself took in hand, dooming him to a life full of fears, remorse, and guilt. But after the flood God delegated thenceforth the murderer's Punishment, which is death, to man; life must go for life, blood for blood. Even a slave's life sacrificed under the rod entailed death, or some heavy Punishment as the judges should decide on the master, unless the slave survived the beating a day or two, when it was presumed the master did not intend to kill him and the loss of his slave was deemed enough Punishment (Exodus 21:12; Exodus 21:20-21). Striking a pregnant woman so as to cause death brought capital Punishment
Felony - ) An offense which occasions a total forfeiture either lands or goods, or both, at the common law, and to which capital or other Punishment may be added, according to the degree of guilt
Arbitrary - ) Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary Punishment
Penalty - ) Penal retribution; Punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or trespass
Evade - ) To get away from by artifice; to avoid by dexterity, subterfuge, address, or ingenuity; to elude; to escape from cleverly; as, to evade a blow, a pursuer, a Punishment; to evade the force of an argument
Gallows - An instrument of Punishment whereon criminals are executed by hanging
Reprieve - ) To delay the Punishment of; to suspend the execution of sentence on; to give a respite to; to respite; as, to reprieve a criminal for thirty days
Justify - The act of God's free grace, whereby he freely pardons the sinner, and justifies him in Christ notwithstanding all his own unworthiness and transgressions; delivering him both from the guilt of sin, the dominion of sin, and the Punishment due to sin; accepting him in Christ, and thus blessing him in and through the finished salvation of Jesus Christ our Lord
Lees, - " (Isaiah 25:6 ) To drink the lees, or "dregs," was an expression for the endurance of extreme Punishment
Bastinado - the Punishment of beating with sticks
Lees - To drink the lees, or "dregs," was an expression for the endurance of extreme Punishment
Hatto - He has been grossly maligned by historians; and the story of his having been eaten by mice and rats in Punishment for his callousness during a famine has no historical foundation
Wrath - The just Punishment of an offense or crime
Ahijah the shilonite - He later prophesied that Jeroboam and his family�s royal dynasty would be annihilated as Punishment for Jeroboam's sinful ways
Hale - 1: σύρω (Strong's #4951 — verb — suro — soo'-ro ) "to drag, haul," is rendered "haling" in Acts 8:3 , of taking to trial or Punishment
Revenge - They are to execute judgments fairly, and not give a light Punishment for a serious offence or a heavy Punishment for a minor offence. The Punishment must be in proportion to the crime – ‘an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a bruise for a bruise, a scratch for a scratch’ (Exodus 21:22-24; Romans 13:4; see GOVERNMENT; CITY OF REFUGE; JUDGE)
Jude, Epistle of Saint - The historical proofs of divine Punishment (5-7) are a prophetic assurance that a like Punishment is awaiting the depraved teachers
Stocks - (An instrument of Punishment, consisting of two beams, the upper one being movable, with two small openings between them, large enough for the ankles of the prisoner. The prophet Jeremiah was confined in the first sort, (Jeremiah 20:2 ) which appears to have been a common mode of Punishment in his day, (Jeremiah 29:26 ) as the prisons contained a chamber for the special purpose, termed "the house of the pillory
Hanging - (As a Punishment), a mark of infamy inflicted on the dead bodies of criminals (Deuteronomy 21:23 ) rather than our modern mode of Punishment
Sentence - ) To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to Punishment; to prescribe the Punishment of
Epistle of Saint Jude - The historical proofs of divine Punishment (5-7) are a prophetic assurance that a like Punishment is awaiting the depraved teachers
Cup - ...
Isaiah 51:17 (b) This type is used to describe the action of our Lord in pouring out His wrath and indignation upon the peoples of Jerusalem who were forced to submit to His Punishment. ...
Matthew 26:42 (b) This probably represents GOD's wrath, judgment and Punishment handed to the Lord JESUS for Him to drink when He was nailed to Calvary for us
Repentance - In theology, the pain, regret or affliction which a person feels on account of his past conduct, because it exposes him to Punishment. This sorrow proceeding merely from the fear of Punishment, is called legal repentance, as being excited by the terrors of legal penalties, and it may exist without an amendment of life
Passing Over - 1: πάρεσις (Strong's #3929 — Noun Feminine — paresis — par'-es-is ) primarily "a letting go, dismissal" (akin to pariemi, "to let alone, loosen"), denotes "a passing by" or "praetermission (of sin)," "a suspension of judgment," or "withholding of Punishment," Romans 3:25 , RV, "passing over" (AV, "remission"), with reference to sins committed previously to the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ, the "passing by" not being a matter of Divine disregard but of forbearance
Scorpion - Scorpions gave their names to an insidious instrument of Punishment with lashes and spikes
Zadokites - As a reward for Zadok's loyalty to Solomon and as Punishment for the sins of Eli's sons, Zadok's descendants (the line of Eliezer) replaced the descendants of Ithamar as the leading priests
Damnation - The words ‘damn,’ ‘damnable,’ and ‘damnation’ have, through their use in the literature of theology, come to express condemnation to everlasting Punishment
In - This trap, however, was prepared by the Lord for the Punishment of His people at Jerusalem
Hanging - Requiring Punishment by the halter as a hanging matter
Vicarious - ) Performed of suffered in the place of another; substituted; as, a vicarious sacrifice; vicarious Punishment
Damnation - The state of being excluded from God's mercy, and condemned to the everlasting Punishment of the wicked
Punishment - Earthly Punishment . Early in Israel's history, guilt and Punishment were understood to be communal. ...
Sometimes Punishment was meted out by God directly, as when fire and brimstone destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:24-25 ) or when the ground opened up to swallow those who rebelled in the wilderness (Numbers 16:31-33 ). Most crimes and Punishments, however, were dealt with through Israel's judicial system, which is found in the Pentateuch. ...
The Decalogue is in apodictic or absolute form, giving the most important requirements of the law in general terms without listing Punishments. Worshiping gods other than Yahweh was a capital crime (Exodus 22:20 ) for which the Punishment was stoning (Deuteronomy 13:6-10 ). According to the case law, death was the Punishment for the one who struck (Exodus 21:15 ) or even cursed a parent (Exodus 21:17 ; Leviticus 20:9 ). The intention was to make the law more equitable by making the Punishment fit the crime. Prostitution was outlawed but no Punishment is listed (Leviticus 19:29 ; Deuteronomy 23:17 ). In the case of a man raping a single woman, he could be forced to marry her (relinquishing the right to divorce) and pay her father the marriage present, but no Punishment was required (Deuteronomy 22:28-29 ). Therefore, it does not have a set of laws with crimes and Punishments. Either way, the goal is redemption more than Punishment. ...
Eternal Punishment . The Old Testament introduced the notion of eternal Punishment in Daniel 12:2 , indicating that the lost will also be resurrected, but for the purpose of eternal shame and contempt. While the worst Punishment that earthly courts can inflict is death, Jesus taught his disciples not to fear those who can kill the body, but rather God, who can also cast people into hell (Luke 12:4-5 ). The Lord described eternal Punishment for the wicked as well as eternal life for the righteous, showing that both are without end (Matthew 25:46 ). ...
See also Eternal Punishment ; Judgment ; Ten Commandments ...
Bibliography
Holy Communion, Effects of - Holy Communion, partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ, unites us with Him, increases our love of Him, obtains forgiveness for venial sin, remission of Punishment incurred by sin, preservation from future sin, quieting of the violent passions of anger and lust; it acts as healing remedy of body and soul and pledges us a happy immortality
Attrition - (Latin: atterere, to rub) ...
Contrition for sin without perfect motive; a sorrow of soul and a hatred of sin committed, with a firm purpose of never sinning again, the sorrow being based not on the pure love of God, whom sin has grievously offended, which would be perfect contrition, but on some inferior though supernatural motive such as the loss of heaven, or the Punishment of hell, or the heinousness of sin itself
Furnaces - The fearful Punishment spoken of in Jeremiah 29:22 is still used in the East
Ruben - He was deprived of his birthright in Punishment for a grave sin
Effects of Holy Communion - Holy Communion, partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ, unites us with Him, increases our love of Him, obtains forgiveness for venial sin, remission of Punishment incurred by sin, preservation from future sin, quieting of the violent passions of anger and lust; it acts as healing remedy of body and soul and pledges us a happy immortality
Worm - The statement signifies the exclusion of the hope of restoration, the Punishment being eternal
Universalists - Some of its friends have maintained it, also, under the name of universal salvation; but perhaps the former name is that by which it should be distinguished; for the Universalists do not hold any universal exemption from future Punishment, but merely the recovery of all those that shall have been exposed to it.
Those who deny the eternity of future Punishments have not formed themselves into any separate body or distinct society; but are to be found in most Christian countries, and among several denominations. "The tyranny of priests," said Dupont the atheist, in the national convention, December, 1792, "extends their opinion to another life, of which they have no other idea than that of eternal Punishment; a doctrine which some men have hitherto had the good nature to believe
Death - Death is a Punishment for sin. "By one man sin entered into this world, and by sin death" (Romans 5), and though the character of Punishment is wiped away in Baptism, death itself remains as an effect of sin (prenalitas)
Prison - God has given governments the right to send law-breakers to prison (Romans 13:4), but he forbids brutal or excessive Punishments. The Punishment must be in proportion to the crime (Exodus 21:23-25). (For further details see Punishment
Holiness of God - By the Punishment of sin in the death of Christ, Is. 53: and by the eternal Punishment of it in wicked men, Matthew 25:1-46 : last verse
Hymenaeus - Paul says that he ‘delivered’ the offenders ‘unto Satan, that they might be taught not to blaspheme’; he uses a similar phrase of the incestuous Corinthian ( 1 Corinthians 5:5 ), there also expressing the purpose of the Punishment, the salvation of the man’s spirit. Ramsay suggests that it is a Christian adaptation of a pagan idea, when a person wronged by another, but unable to retaliate, consigned the offender to the gods and left Punishment to be inflicted by Divine power
Amend - ...
AMEND', A pecuniary Punishment, or fine. The amende honorable, in France, is an infamous Punishment inflicted on traitors, parricides and sacrilegious persons
Crucifixion - A common mode of Punishment among heathen nations in early times. The modes of capital Punishment according to the Mosaic law were, by the sword (Exodus 21 ), strangling, fire (Leviticus 20 ), and stoning (Deuteronomy 21 ). ...
This Punishment began by subjecting the sufferer to scourging. In the case of our Lord, however, his scourging was rather before the sentence was passed upon him, and was inflicted by Pilate for the purpose, probably, of exciting pity and procuring his escape from further Punishment (Luke 23:22 ; John 19:1 )
Colt - ) A short knotted rope formerly used as an instrument of Punishment in the navy
Furnace - ) A place or time of Punishment, affiction, or great trial; severe experience or discipline
Enormity - Punishment should be proportioned to the enormity of the crime
Landmark - The ancient and permanent limits, therefore, of individual property in the open field, Ruth 2:3 , were marked by trees or heaps of stones at the corners; and as it was easy, by removing these, to encroach on a neighbor's ground, a peculiar form of dishonesty arose, requiring a severe Punishment, Deuteronomy 19:14 Proverbs 22:28 Hosea 5:10
Excommunication - The practice of temporarily or permanently excluding someone from the church as Punishment for sin or apostasy. Old Testament In the Old Testament, excommunication came as a curse from God as Punishment for sin (Deuteronomy 27:26 ; Deuteronomy 28:15 ; Psalm 119:21 ; Malachi 2:2-9 ; Malachi 4:6 ). Christians were frequently subject to expulsion, which was Punishment for blasphemy or for straying from the tradition of Moses (Luke 6:22 ; John 9:22 ; John 12:42 ; John 16:2 ). Punishment ranged in scope from limited ostracism to permanent exclusion and may even have included some form of physical Punishment if the church continued synagogue practice (Luke 4:28-30 ; 1619169446_99 ; Acts 5:1-5 ; Acts 7:58 ). Lesser Punishments are called censures
Brimstone - This word figuratively denotes destruction or Punishment ( Job 18:15 ; Isaiah 30:33 ; 34:9 ; Psalm 11:6 ; Ezekiel 38:22 )
Abihu - On his death by fire from heaven, in Punishment for offering strange fire, (See AARON above
Sickle - He exercised the same Punishment upon the nations that persecuted Israel
Certainty - The certainty of Punishment is the truest security against crimes
Rod - An Instrument of Punishment or correction. -The term denotes an instrument of Punishment or correction. Paul employs the verb ῥαβδίζειν, ‘to beat with rods,’ to describe the Punishment to which he was subjected on three occasions by Roman magistrates (2 Corinthians 11:25)
Aholah - Now God's just principle is, when the church corrupts herself with the world, the instrument of her sin is the instrument of her Punishment. But she gave herself up to be corrupted by the Babylonians; and again the instrument of her sin was also the instrument of her Punishment (Jeremiah 2:19; Proverbs 1:31)
National Spiritualist Association - The Spiritualists believe in Infinite Intelligence, expressed in the physical and spiritual phenomena of Nature; religion, the correct understanding of these phenomena and living in accordance with them; existence after death; communication with the dead; Punishment for wrong-doing even after death until sufficient atonement has been made; Theism "in the broadest possible sense, as the foundation of their philosophy
Annex - ; as, to annex a penalty to a prohibition, or Punishment to guilt
Incur - Thus, a thief incurs the Punishment of the law by the act of stealing, before he is convicted, and we have all incurred the penalties of God's law
Cart - To expose in a cart, by way of Punishment
Mortar - Large iron mortars, for pounding grain, have been used by the Turks in the execution of criminals; but it is not known that the Jews ever practiced this mode of Punishment
Zephaniah, Book of - The Book of Zephaniah, only three chapters in length, looks toward the Punishment of all sinful nations, including Judah, followed by the restoration of Judah and the nations as well. ...
Contents of the Book Zephaniah looked toward a future Punishment. In Zephaniah 1:2-6 he predicted Punishment upon the whole world, including Jerusalem. Zephaniah 1:17-18 depict the inability of sinful humanity to escape God's Punishment. The intervening verses further describe the Punishment as the Day of the Lord, the Zephaniah 1:14-16 describe the time of God's approaching wrath. Punishment would come upon the nobles at the king's court, those who gained materially through violence, the merchants, and those who denied the power of God to reward good or punish evil. Zephaniah would not presume on God's grace by promising forgiveness, but he counseled turning to righteousness and meekness as the means for possibly avoiding Punishment on the Day of the Lord. Zephaniah 3:14-20 predict the cessation of Punishment and oppression and the return of exiles
Punishments - The earliest theory of Punishment current among mankind is doubtless the one of simple retaliation, "blood for blood. " Viewed historically, the first case of Punishment for crime mentioned in Scripture, next to the Fall itself, is that of Cain, the first murderer. That death was regarded as the fitting Punishment for murder appears plain from the remark of Lamech. (Genesis 9:5,6 ) Passing onward to Mosaic times, we find the sentence of capital Punishment, in the case of murder, plainly laid down in the law. The following offences also are mentioned in the law as liable to the Punishment of death:
Striking, or even reviling, a parent. Kinds of Punishments . --Punishments are twofold, Capital and Secondary. (13:9; Acts 7:58 ) ...
Hanging is mentioned as a distinct Punishment. ( Numbers 25:4 ; 2 Samuel 21:6,9 ) ...
Burning , in pre-Mosaic times, was the Punishment for unchastity. ...
Strangling is said by the rabbis to have been regarded as the most common but least severe of the capital Punishments, and to have been performed by immersing the convict in clay or mud, and then strangling him by a cloth twisted round the neck. (B) Besides these ordinary capital Punishments, we read of others, either of foreign introduction or of an irregular kind. ( 2 Samuel 12:31 ) and perhaps (Proverbs 20:26 ; Hebrews 11:37 ) ...
Pounding in a mortar , or beating to death, is alluded to in ( Proverbs 27:22 ) but not as a legal Punishment, and cases are described. Of secondary Punishments among the Jews, the original Principles were, ...
Retaliation , "eye for eye," etc
Hail (Meterological) - The Bible speaks of hail to speak of divine presence, action, and Punishment
Sergeant - The duty of these officials was to attend Roman magistrates to execute their orders, especially administering Punishment by scourging or beheading; they carried as their sign of office the fasces (whence "Fascist"), a bundle of rods with an axe inserted
Erastians - The minister might dissuade the vicious and unqualified from the communion; but might not refuse it, or inflict any kind of censure; the Punishment of all offences, either of a civil or religious nature, being referred to the civil magistrate
Gouging the Eyes - A cruel and degrading Punishment sometimes inflicted on conquered peoples in biblical times
Penance - A Punishment either voluntary, or imposed by authority, for the faults a person has committed
Powder - He will not permit any of His enemies to escape the terrible Punishment which He shall bring upon them when He rules over men with a rod of iron
Severity - ) Harshness; cruel treatment; sharpness of Punishment; as, severity practiced on prisoners of war
Inquisition - In some catholic countries, a court or tribunal established for the examination and Punishment of heretics
Dregs - The wicked will suffer the Punishment of GOD to the last drop
Condemnation - Declaring an evildoer to be guilty; the Punishment inflicted
Sinai - GOD appeared there in thunder and fire and thick darkness, for the law demands absolute obedience, or else Punishment
Gehenna - Gehenna is mentioned in Mark 9:43ff and Matthew 10:28 as the place of Punishment of unquenchable fire where both the body and soul of the wicked go after death
Severe - ) Very strict in judgment, discipline, or government; harsh; not mild or indulgent; rigorous; as, severe criticism; severe Punishment
Absolve - ) To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and remission of his Punishment
Abaddon - ‘Wisdom’) and Judaistic literature; sometimes synonymous with Sheol , more particularly, however, signifying that lowest division of Sheol devoted to the Punishment of sinners (see Sheol)
Merit - ) To earn by service or performance; to have a right to claim as reward; to deserve; sometimes, to deserve in a bad sense; as, to merit Punishment
Death - THE SECOND DEATH:eternal Punishment
Achan - It would seem that Achan's family shared his Punishment—how far they were involved in his crime we know not—and that his possessions were destroyed
Pardon - Guilt implies a being bound or subjected to censure, penalty or Punishment. We pardon an offense, when we remove it from the offender and consider him as not guilty we pardon the offender, when we release or absolve him from his liability to suffer Punishment
Cain - In Punishment God drove him into a barren region. Cain still showed no sign of repentance, only fear of Punishment
Bullock - They complained of the Punishment GOD was sending upon them, although they brought Punishment upon them, by their own disobedience. They had grown rich, proud and strong, but their end was to be Punishment from GOD
Gehenna - In its eschatological force Gehenna was the place of Punishment. It was believed to be filled with fire intended for the Punishment of sinners, who apparently went there immediately after death. The NT writers employ the word in its general force as a synonym for the idea of endless Punishment for sinners, as over against ‘heaven’ the synonym of endless bliss for those who have enjoyed the resurrection
Vengeance - Behind the Hebrew usage of nqm stands a sense of the solidarity and integrity of the community which, having been damaged by an offense, must be restored by some deed of retaliation or Punishment. The range of meaning of the motif, however, extends beyond “vengeance” and/or “punishment” to a sense of “deliverance. Vengeance might be Punishment directed toward another who has committed adultery with one's wife (Proverbs 6:32-34 ) or toward a whole ethnic group such as the Philistines (1 Samuel 18:25 ). In the context of loving one's neighbor, human revenge toward fellow Hebrews was forbidden (Leviticus 19:17-18 ; compare Deuteronomy 32:35 ), but nqm may be used of legitimate Punishment for a wrong ( Exodus 21:20 ; compare Exodus 21:23-25 ; Leviticus 24:19 ; 2 Corinthians 7:10-11 ). In the Corinthian correspondence, Paul used both noun and verb in the sense of “punishment. See Avenger ; Punishment; Wrath
Agag - He seems to have incurred an uncommon Punishment by infamous cruelties, 1 Samuel 15:33 ...
2
Convict - ) A person proved guilty of a crime alleged against him; one legally convicted or sentenced to Punishment for some crime
Commutation - ) The change of a penalty or Punishment by the pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment
Blanket - BLANK'ET, To toss in a blanket by way of Punishment an ancient custom
Bundle - They fellowshipped together on earth in their sins - now they are bound for Punishment in eternity
Beheading - This was not a form of capital Punishment in the O
Cart - ) To expose in a cart by way of Punishment
Eternity - Some men doubt the eternity of future Punishment, though they have less difficulty in admitting the eternity of future rewards
Forbearance - The exercise of patience long suffering indulgence towards those who injure us lenity delay of resentment or Punishment
Abyss - The Jewish eschatology of the time of Christ conceived of the abode of departed spirits as a great abyss, in the midst of which was a lake of fire, intended primarily as a place of Punishment for the angels and giants, and accordingly for sinners
Muteness - The psalmist considered muteness an appropriate Punishment for liars (Psalm 31:18 ). An exception is Zechariah's muteness (Luke 1:20 ,Luke 1:20,1:22 ) which served as a sign of the truthfulness of Gabriel's message as well as a Punishment for Zechariah's unbelief
Life - This instituted capital Punishment for murder, which law has never been rescinded or altered. This answers the objection of those who, wishing to deny eternal Punishment, say that 'living for ever' is only spoken of the Christian, as in John 6:51,58
Torment - ...
Note: In 1 John 4:18 , AV, kolasis, "punishment" (RV), is rendered "torment. " See Punishment , No
Crimes And Punishments - ...
Israelite Law with respect to crime and Punishment was distinct from the laws of other cultures in several ways. Israel observed a system of corporal Punishment and/or fines for lesser crimes. ...
Crimes and Capital Punishment in the Old TestamentIsraelite law considered some crimes serious enough to warrant capital Punishment. The offenses subject to capital Punishment were: intentional homicide (Exodus 21:12 ; Leviticus 24:17 ; Numbers 35:16-21 ,Numbers 35:16-21,35:29-34 ), giving false testimony in capital cases (Deuteronomy 19:16-21 ), idolatry (Exodus 20:3-5 ; Leviticus 20:1-5 ; Numbers 25:1-9 ; Deuteronomy 13:2-19 ; Deuteronomy 17:2-7 ; 1 Kings 15:11-13 ; 2 Kings 10:18-28 ), kidnapping an Israelite (Exodus 21:16 ; Deuteronomy 24:7 ), incest, homosexuality, and beastiality (Exodus 22:19 ; Leviticus 20:11-17 ), rape (if the victim did not cry for help, she, too, should be executed; Deuteronomy 22:23-27 ), adultery (Leviticus 20:10-12 ; Deuteronomy 22:22 ), other sexual relations outside marriage (Leviticus 21:9 ; Deuteronomy 22:20-21 ,Deuteronomy 22:20-21,22:23-24 ), false prophecy (Deuteronomy 13:1-5 ; Deuteronomy 18:20-22 ; 1 Kings 22:19-28 ; Jeremiah 26:9 ,Jeremiah 26:9,26:15-16 ; Jeremiah 28:5-9 ), magic, divination, and witchcraft (Exodus 22:18 ; Leviticus 19:26 ,Leviticus 19:26,19:31 ; Leviticus 20:6 ,Leviticus 20:6,20:27 ; Deuteronomy 18:10 ; 1Samuel 28:3,1 Samuel 28:9 ), violation of the Sabbath (Exodus 20:8-11 ; Exodus 23:12 Exodus 31:14-17 ; Exodus 34:21 ; Exodus 35:1 ;Exodus 35:1;2:1 ; Leviticus 23:3 ; Numbers 15:32-36 ; Nehemiah 13:15-22 ), blasphemy (Leviticus 24:14-16 ,Leviticus 24:14-16,24:23 ; 1 Kings 21:13 ), cursing or striking one's parents (Exodus 21:15 ,Exodus 21:15,21:17 ), disobeying the ruling of the court of appeals (Deuteronomy 17:8-13 ), and certain crimes against the king (1 Samuel 20:31 ; 1 Samuel 22:7-19 ; Joshua 5:2-94 ; 2 Samuel 13:30 ; 2 Samuel 15:12 ; 2Samuel 16:5-9,2 Samuel 16:21 ; 1Kings 1:21,1 Kings 1:51 ; 1 Kings 2:22-25 ; 1 Kings 12:18-19 ; 1 Kings 21:10 ). ...
Since capital crimes were considered a blot on the community, not only did capital Punishment punish the offender, it also purified Israel (Deuteronomy 13:5 ; Deuteronomy 17:7 ,Deuteronomy 17:7,17:12 ; Deuteronomy 19:19 ; Deuteronomy 21:21 ; Deuteronomy 22:21-22 ,Deuteronomy 22:21-22,22:24 ; Deuteronomy 24:7 ; Judges 20:13 ; 2 Samuel 4:11 ). ...
Methods of capital Punishment included stoning (Exodus 19:13 ; Leviticus 20:27 ; Leviticus 24:14 ; Deuteronomy 22:24 ; Joshua 7:25 ; 2 Kings 6:31-32 ), burning (Genesis 38:24 ; Leviticus 20:14 ; Leviticus 21:9 ), death by the sword (Deuteronomy 13:15 ; 1 Kings 18:40 ; 2 Kings 23:20 ), beheading (1 Kings 21:13 ; compare 2 Samuel 16:9 ), and being shot with an arrow (Exodus 19:13 ). See Capital Punishment . ...
Being “Cut Off” from Israel Often in the Old Testament the Punishment for a particular crime is termed being “cut off” from Israel
Confiscation - Ahab exercised this royal right when he confiscated the property of a person (Naboth) executed by the state (1 Kings 21:15-16 ), but he had to bear God's Punishment for his act (1 Kings 21:18-19 )
Irijah - ” Army captain who accused Jeremiah of treason and turned him over to the authorities for Punishment (Jeremiah 37:13 ) about 586 B
Executioner - See Capital Punishment
Blanket - ) To toss in a blanket by way of Punishment
Cain - In Punishment, God took from him the ability to till the ground productively and made him to be a wandering vagabond
Parquet - ) In most European countries, the branch of the administrative government which is charged with the prevention, investigation, and Punishment of crime, representing the public and not the individual injured
Jehoiachin - Jehoiachin merited this Punishment
Stoning - This was a capital Punishment enjoined in the law for certain offences
Everlasting - Genesis 21 ...
Everlasting fire everlasting Punishment
Admonition - Admonition was a part of the discipline much used in the ancient church: it was the first act or step towards the Punishment or expulsion of delinquents
Rod - ) An instrument of Punishment or correction; figuratively, chastisement
Habakkuk - 1, and the subsequent Punishment of the Chaldæans themselves, chap
Meet, to be - Sinners received the Punishment that was 'fit
a'Mos, Book of - (3) From 7:1 to 9:10 he relates his visit to Bethel, and sketches the impending Punishment of Israel
Stoning - The capital Punishment generally inflicted on notorious criminals among the Hebrews and among the Egyptians
Cain - The Punishment inflicted upon him included an increase of physical wants and hardships, distress of conscience, banishment from society, and loss of God's manifested presence and favor, Genesis 4:16
Hell - The place of divine Punishment after death. Even the heathens had their tartara; and the Mahometans, we find, believe the eternity of rewards and Punishments; it is not, therefore, a sentiment peculiar to Christianity. ...
Of the nature of this Punishment we may form some idea from the expressions made use of in Scripture. That as the body is to be raised, and the whole man to be condemned, it is reasonable to believe there will be some corporeal Punishment provided, and therefore probably material fire. ...
According to several passages, it seems there will be different degrees of Punishment in hell, Luke 12:47 . As to its duration, it has been observed that it cannot be eternal, because there is no proportion between temporary crimes and eternal Punishments; that the word everlasting is not to be taken in its utmost extent; and that it signifies no more than a long time, or a time whose precise boundary is unknown. Besides, it is not true, it is observed, that temporary crimes do not deserve eternal Punishments, because the infinite majesty of an offended God adds a kind of infinite evil to sin, and therefore exposes the sinner to infinite Punishment; and that hereby God vindicates his injured majesty, and glorifies his justice
Hell - The place of divine Punishment after death. Even the heathens had their tartara; and the Mahometans, we find, believe the eternity of rewards and Punishments; it is not, therefore, a sentiment peculiar to Christianity. ...
Of the nature of this Punishment we may form some idea from the expressions made use of in Scripture. That as the body is to be raised, and the whole man to be condemned, it is reasonable to believe there will be some corporeal Punishment provided, and therefore probably material fire. ...
According to several passages, it seems there will be different degrees of Punishment in hell, Luke 12:47 . As to its duration, it has been observed that it cannot be eternal, because there is no proportion between temporary crimes and eternal Punishments; that the word everlasting is not to be taken in its utmost extent; and that it signifies no more than a long time, or a time whose precise boundary is unknown. Besides, it is not true, it is observed, that temporary crimes do not deserve eternal Punishments, because the infinite majesty of an offended God adds a kind of infinite evil to sin, and therefore exposes the sinner to infinite Punishment; and that hereby God vindicates his injured majesty, and glorifies his justice
Pashur - " Enraged at the plainness with which Jeremiah uttered his solemn warnings of coming judgements, because of the abounding iniquity of the times, Pashur ordered the temple police to seize him, and after inflicting on him corporal Punishment (forty stripes save one, Deuteronomy 25:3 ; Compare 2 Corinthians 11:24 ), to put him in the stocks in the high gate of Benjamin, where he remained all night. " The Punishment that fell upon him was probably remorse, when he saw the ruin he had brought upon his country by advising a close alliance with Egypt in opposition to the counsels of (Jeremiah 20:1,2 )
Fault, Faultless - A — 1: αἴτιον (Strong's #158 — Noun Neuter — aition — ah'ee-tee-on ) properly the neuter of aitios, causative of, responsible for, is used as a noun, "a crime, a legal ground for Punishment," translated "fault" in Luke 23:4,14 ; in Luke 23:22 , "cause. ...
Notes: (1) For aitia, rendered "fault" in John 18:38 ; 19:4,6 , AV (like aition, denoting "a ground for Punishment"), see ACCUSATION , CAUSE , CHARGE
Desert - A deserving that which gives a right to reward or demands, or which renders liable to Punishment merit or demerit that which entitles to a recompense of equal to the offense good conferred, or evil done, which merits an equivalent return. That which is deserved reward or Punishment merited
Discipline - Correction chastisement Punishment intended to correct crimes or errors as the discipline of the strap. Chastisement or bodily Punishment inflicted on a delinquent in the Romish Church or that chastisement or external mortification which a religious person inflicts on himself
Repentance - The man of worldly sorrow sorrows that his sin hath brought Punishment. The repentance for the consequence of sin goes no further than as it dreads the Punishment: the repentance for the cause of sin becomes the continued gracious sorrow of the heart
Punishments - Capital Punishment for murder is generally agreed to have been permanently instituted at the origin of the human race; and Cain was only saved from it by a special interposition of God, Genesis 4:14-15 . ...
The mode of capital Punishment usual among the Hebrew was stoning, Deuteronomy 13:9-10 Joshua 17:18 John 8:7 ; but various other modes became known to them by intercourse with other nations: as decapitation, 2 Kings 10:6-8 Matthew 14:8-12 ; precipitation from rocks, 2 Chronicles 25:12 Luke 4:29 ; hanging, Joshua 8:29 Esther 7:10 ; burning, Daniel 3:1-30 ; cutting asunder, Daniel 2:5 3:29 Hebrews 11:27 ; beating, on a wheel-like frame, Hebrews 11:35 ; exposure to wild beasts, Daniel 6:1-28 1 Corinthians 15:32 ; drowning, Matthew 18:6 ; bruising in a mortar, Proverbs 27:22 ; and crucifixion, John 19:18 . Minor Punishments were scourging, Leviticus 19:20 2 Corinthians 11:24 ; retaliation in kind for an injury done, Exodus 21:23-25 Deuteronomy 19:19 ; imprisonment, 2 Chronicles 16:10 Matthew 4:12 ; the stocks, Acts 16:24 ; banishment, Revelation 1:9 ; and personal torture, 2 Chronicles 18:26 Isaiah 50:6 Matthew 18:30 Hebrews 11:37
Correction - ) The act of reproving or punishing, or that which is intended to rectify or to cure faults; Punishment; discipline; chastisement
Limbo - Theologians distinguish a two-fold limbo: the limbo of the Fathers (limbus patrum), where the just that died before Christ, were detained until heaven, which had been closed in Punishment for the sin of Adam, was reopened by the Saviour; and the limbo of infants (limbus infantium), where those who die in original sin, but without personal mortal sin, are deprived of the happiness which would come to them in the supernatural order, but not of happiness in the natural order
Death, Second - Some stress everlasting Punishment in literal fire
Blind - Blindness was sometimes a Punishment for disobedience (1 Samuel 11:2 ; Jeremiah 39:7 ), sometimes the effect of old age (Genesis 27:1 ; 1 Kings 14:4 ; 1 Samuel 4:15 )
Binding And Loosing - Whatever be the primary signification of this metaphor in the Aramaic language, these words as used by Christ, as is evident from the context and from Christian tradition, meant that He was to confer upon the rulers of His Church the power to bind the faithful to the observance of laws and to loose them from impediments to eternal happiness, especially from sin and its consequent debt of Punishment
Loosing, Binding And - Whatever be the primary signification of this metaphor in the Aramaic language, these words as used by Christ, as is evident from the context and from Christian tradition, meant that He was to confer upon the rulers of His Church the power to bind the faithful to the observance of laws and to loose them from impediments to eternal happiness, especially from sin and its consequent debt of Punishment
Malice - ...
Unless people deal with their malice, it will bring God’s Punishment upon them (Romans 1:29; Romans 2:2)
Epistles of Saint Peter - Saint Peter explains the delay, warns against and describes the Punishment inflicted on teachers of false doctrines, and bids his readers await Christ's coming in patience and good works
Condemn - ) To pronounce a judicial sentence against; to sentence to Punishment, suffering, or loss; to doom; - with to before the penalty
Triangle - ) A kind of frame formed of three poles stuck in the ground and united at the top, to which soldiers were bound when undergoing corporal Punishment, - now disused
Torture - ) Especially, severe pain inflicted judicially, either as Punishment for a crime, or for the purpose of extorting a confession from an accused person, as by water or fire, by the boot or thumbkin, or by the rack or wheel
Destruction - 'Everlasting destruction' is 'everlasting Punishment
Jehoahaz - In Punishment for his sins and those of his people, Israel was invaded and reduced to great extremities by the Syrians under Hazael and Benhadad
Gad - ) He reappears in connection with the Punishment inflicted for the numbering of the people
Neck - (2) Prisoners and those condemned to Punishment had the chain attached to a metal ring around the neck (Luke 17:2)
Hell - saints the character of eternal Punishment, and so finally 'hades' will be cast into the lake of fire. A continual fire made it a fit emblem of the place of eternal Punishment. ...
Whatever figurative meaning there may be in the use of any of the above words, it is plain and certain from scripture that there is a place of everlasting Punishment
Nahum - It describes with much beauty and poetic force the siege and destruction of Nineveh as a Punishment for her wickedness
Lees - To drink dregs or less is to endure the bitterness of judgment or Punishment (Psalm 75:8 )
Zedekiah - It was probably their action as political agitators that brought on them the cruel Punishment of being roasted in the fire by order of Nebuchadrezzar
Jareb - Hosea pronounced just Punishment for Israel, their “calf-god” (REB) would be carried to Babylon as tribute to “the great king” (Hosea 10:5-6 )
Elnathan - He was the member of King Jehoiakim's advisory staff who brought the prophet Uriah back to the king from Egypt for Punishment (Jeremiah 26:22-23 )
Must - We must submit to the laws or be exposed to Punishment
Rod, Staff - Rods and staffs were used as walking sticks (Genesis 32:10 ), for defense (Psalm 23:4 ), for Punishment (Exodus 21:20 ; Numbers 22:27 ; Proverbs 13:24 ; 1 Corinthians 4:21 ), and for measurement (Revelation 11:1 )
Sadducee - They held rigidly to the old Testament law and a denying the life after death, reward and Punishment after death, the resurrection, and the existence of angels and demons
Accuser - He was regarded by the Jews as the accuser of men before God, laying to their charge the violations of the law of which they were guilty, and demanding their Punishment
Deserve - To be worthy of, in a bad sense to merit by an evil act as, to deserve blame or Punishment
Arpad - Isaiah mimicked such statements, saying Assyria was only a rod of Yahweh's anger and would soon face Punishment for its pride (Isaiah 10:5-19 )
Cluster - ...
Revelation 14:18 (b) It seems as though sinners are grouped together for Punishment throughout eternity
Guilty - Criminal having knowingly committed a crime or offense, or having violated a law by an overt act or by neglect,and by that act or neglect, being liable to Punishment not innocent
Tyrant - ) Specifically, a monarch, or other ruler or master, who uses power to oppress his subjects; a person who exercises unlawful authority, or lawful authority in an unlawful manner; one who by taxation, injustice, or cruel Punishment, or the demand of unreasonable services, imposes burdens and hardships on those under his control, which law and humanity do not authorize, or which the purposes of government do not require; a cruel master; an oppressor
Prosecute - ) To pursue with the intention of punishing; to accuse of some crime or breach of law, or to pursue for redress or Punishment, before a legal tribunal; to proceed against judicially; as, to prosecute a man for trespass, or for a riot
Zephaniah - He denounces the judgments of God against the idolatry and sins of his countrymen, and exhorts them to repentance; he predicts the Punishment of the Philistines, Moabites, Ammonites, and Ethiopians, and foretels the destruction of Nineveh; he again inveighs against the corruptions of Jerusalem, and with his threats mixes promises of future favour and prosperity to his people; whose recall from their dispersion shall glorify the name of God throughout the world
Remission - Forgiveness pardon that is, the giving up of the Punishment due to a crime as the remission of sins
Justification - In theology, remission of sin and absolution from guilt and Punishment or an act of free grace by which God pardons the sinner and accepts him as righteous, on account of the atonement of Christ
Severity - Severity of penalties or Punishments often defeats the object by exciting pity. Harshness cruel treatment sharpness of Punishment as severity practiced on prisoners of war
Zedekiah - It was probably their action as political agitators that brought on them the cruel Punishment of being roasted in the fire by order of Nebuchadrezzar
Beating - The Authorized Version uses the word ‘beat’ to express some form of corporal Punishment, without defining the particular mode of infliction. In Acts 16:22, when ῥαβδίζω is rendered by the verb ‘beat,’ the allusion is to the Roman Punishment with rods
Pain - Penalty Punishment suffered or denounced suffering or evil inflicted as a Punishment for a crime, or annexed to the commission of a crime
Owner - The terrible Punishment mentioned in Luke 12:46 (‘the lord of that servant … will cut him in sunder [1], and appoint him his portion with the unbelievers’) is probably taken from the Punishments which were practised in the Gentile world. It is, however, mentioned as a Punishment in Hebrews 11:37
Theophylactus Simocatta - 11 we have the story of a sorcerer named Paulinus, whom the patriarch of Constantinople brought before the emperor, pressing for his capital Punishment. The emperor suggested that instruction, rather than Punishment, was required
Abyss - The chaos; the deepest parts of the sea; and in the New Testament, the place of the dead, Romans 10:7 ; a deep place of Punishment. Under these waters, and at the bottom of this abyss, they represented the wicked as groaning, and suffering the Punishment of their sin. Lastly, in these dark dungeons the kings of Tyro, Babylon, and Egypt are described by the Prophets as suffering the Punishment of their pride and cruelty, Isaiah 26:14 ; Ezekiel 28:10 , &c
Hell - As in process of time this place came to be considered as an emblem of hell, or the place of torment reserved for the Punishment of the wicked in a future state, the name Tophet came gradually to be used in this sense, and at length to be confined to it. Thus, as Stuart observes, in his "Essay on Future Punishment," while the Old Testament employs sheol, in most cases to designate the grave, the region of the dead, the place of departed spirits, it employs it also, in some cases, to designate along with this idea the adjunct one of the place of misery, place of Punishment, region of wo. The word hell is also used by our translators for gehenna, which means the world of future Punishment, "How shall ye escape the damnation of hell, κρισεως της γεεννης ?"...
Hell - Place of God's final retributive Punishment. Sheol frequently became an interim location for the dead, distinguished from the place of final Punishment (1Enoch 18:9-16; 51:1). This final Punishment was usually located in a valley south of Jerusalem, known in Hebrew as Gen Hinnom or the Valley of Hinnom (2Apoc Baruch 59:10 ; 4 Ezra 7:36 ), and in Greek as gehenna [ 2 Kings 16:3 ; 2 Chronicles 28:3 ; 33:6 ; Jeremiah 7:31-34 ; 19:6 ), this valley was further desecrated when Josiah used it as Jerusalem's refuse dump (2 Kings 23:10 ) and it was prophesied as the place of God's future fiery judgment (Isaiah 30:33 ; 66:24 ; Jeremiah 7:31-32 ). Scripture suggests that there are degrees of Punishment in hell. The one "who does not know and does things deserving Punishment will be beaten with few blows. " More severe is the Punishment due to the disobedient who were "entrusted with much" (Mark 12:40 ; Luke 12:48 ). " In the intertestamental literature the metaphorical image of a fire could suggest annihilation or everlasting Punishment, showing the inconclusiveness of this argument. ...
In Matthew 25:46 Jesus differentiates the two futures of eternal life and eternal Punishment, using the same adjective for each, aionios [ John 3:36 ). At issue is the Punishment due sin. At the cross God in Christ became our substitute to bear the Punishment for our sins, so as "to be just and the one who justifies the man who has faith in Jesus" (Romans 3:26 ; cf. This fact, that God the Judge, the "Lord of glory" himself (1 Corinthians 2:8 ), accepted the Punishment due us, suggests that the penalty for sin against the Infinite is infinite. Phillips...
See also Death, Mortality ; Eternal Punishment ; Grave ; Hades ; Judgment ; Judgment, Day of ; Sheol ...
Bibliography . Shedd, The Doctrine of Endless Punishment ; D
Bags - The currency in the East being mainly in silver, large sums ready counted, and sealed with a known seal in a bag; passed current (compare 2 Kings 5:23; 2 Kings 12:10; Luke 12:33; Job 14:17, "my transgression is sealed up in a bag"; Deuteronomy 32:34; Hosea 13:12, sealed securely for Punishment)
Pestilence - God sent pestilence as Punishment for persistent unbelief (Numbers 14:12 ) and failure to fulfill covenant obligations (Deuteronomy 24:24 ; Deuteronomy 28:21 ) as well as to encourage repentence (Amos 4:10 )
Brand - BRAND, To burn or impress a mark with a hot iron as, to brand a criminal, by way of Punishment or to brand a cask or any thing else, for the purpose of fixing a mark upon it
Gregory of Nyssa, Saint - His "Catechesis" is an argumentative defense of Catholicism; Gregory, however, believed in the temporal nature of the Punishment of hell
Questions - The person who solved the question was honoured with a reward; he who failed in the attempt suffered a certain Punishment; both the rewards and penalties were varied according to the disposition of the company
Threaten - To declare the purpose of inflicting Punishment, pain or other evil on another, for some sin or offense to menace
Black Book - (1):...
A book kept for the purpose of registering the names of persons liable to censure or Punishment, as in the English universities, or the English armies
Office, Abuse of - The first canon of the title states: "Abuse of ecclesiastical power shall, at the prudent judgment of the legitimate superior, be punished according to the gravity of the fault, the prescriptions of the canons which enact a certain Punishment for the same abuses being observed
Hell - The place or state of Punishment for the wicked after death
Pit - ...
(3) Βor , "a pit or cistern once full of water, now empty", with miry clay beneath (Psalms 40:2; Zechariah 9:11); used as dungeon wherein the captive has no water or food; so Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:6; Jeremiah 38:9), Isaiah 51:14; hence symbolizing "the dishonored grave of the once haughty transgressor", with the idea of condign [2] Punishment in the unseen world, shadowed forth by the ignominious state of the body (Ezekiel 31:14; Ezekiel 31:16; Ezekiel 32:18; Ezekiel 32:24)
Worms - Of the eternal Punishment of the wicked it is recorded "their worm dieth not
Sword - as being borne by the magistrate, Romans 13:4 , showing that the gospel does not set aside God's governmental principle of capital Punishment which was enjoined after the flood
Overlook - ) To look over and beyond (anything) without seeing it; to miss or omit in looking; hence, to refrain from bestowing notice or attention upon; to neglect; to pass over without censure or Punishment; to excuse
Abuse of Office - The first canon of the title states: "Abuse of ecclesiastical power shall, at the prudent judgment of the legitimate superior, be punished according to the gravity of the fault, the prescriptions of the canons which enact a certain Punishment for the same abuses being observed
Abuse of Power - The first canon of the title states: "Abuse of ecclesiastical power shall, at the prudent judgment of the legitimate superior, be punished according to the gravity of the fault, the prescriptions of the canons which enact a certain Punishment for the same abuses being observed
Sympathy: Fruit of Experience - The Chief Justice sat down upon them, and after awhile, having a mind to know what the Punishment was, he asked his companion to open them and put him in. The counsel for the magistrate in his reply, made light of the whole charge, and more especially setting in the stocks, which he said everybody knew was no Punishment at all
Revenge - Revenge is now used in an sense, for the infliction of pain maliciously or illegally avenge for inflicting just Punishment. To vindicate by Punishment of an enemy
Hell - It is clear that in many passages of the Old Testament Sheol can only mean "the grave," and is rendered in the Authorized Version; see, for example, ( Genesis 37:35 ; 42:38 ; 1 Samuel 2:6 ; Job 14:13 ) In other passages, however, it seems to Involve a notion of Punishment, and is therefore rendered in the Authorized Version by the word "hell. " ( 1 Corinthians 15:55 ) The word most frequently used (occurring twelve times) in the New Testament for the place of future Punishment is Gehenna or Gehenna of fire
Chastisement - Parents have a responsibility to discipline their children when they do wrong, but any Punishment involved must arise out of love. The Punishment is therefore better called chastisement. Sometimes these trials may be Punishments for specific sins, but at other times they may not have any direct relation to wrongdoing (Psalms 38:1-4; Psalms 118:18; John 9:1-3; 1619169446_9; 2 Corinthians 12:7-10)
Destruction - Orr’s in discussing the teaching of Scripture on eternal Punishment) of St. Paul uses φθείρω in 1 Corinthians 3:17 for the Punishment of one who destroys (φθείρω) the Temple of God. In 2 Peter 3:7 ἀπώλεια is used for the Day of Judgment and Punishment of the wicked, which implies life after death. See also articles on Life and Death, Punishment, and Perdition
Eternal Fire (2) - —An expression twice used by Christ in reference to the future Punishment of the wicked. In Matthew 3:12 and Mark 9:43 it is the unquenchable fire (ἄσβεστον), and in Mark 9:48 Gehenna is the place of Punishment where their worm dieth not, καὶ τὸ πῦρ οὐ σβέννυται. The idea of Punishment by fire comes from the OT. Cheyne finds in Isaiah 50:11; Isaiah 66:24 a reference to the Punishment of souls in the underworld: but Salmond and A. This passage seems to have suggested the later Jewish belief regarding eternal Punishment, for certain expressions in it are used in this sense in the Apocryphal writings (e. And the language of the NT suggests that in the future world an environment is prepared, with its appropriate agencies and influences, for the Punishment of those who are morally and spiritually dead. ’...
(2) Why is the fire called eternal?—In Matthew 25:41-46 the adjective αἱώνιος is used with reference to ‘the fire,’ ‘punishment,’ and ‘the life,’ and no satisfying reason has been given for saying that, as regards the first two, it means ‘time limited,’ and, as regards the last, ‘time unlimited. Eternal fire, on the other hand, figuratively expresses the truth that, God’s nature being what it is, there must be, under any economy over which He presides, a provision for the adequate Punishment of sin. Eternal Punishment and Retribution). ]'>[3] Horhery, Duration of Future Punishment, 1744; J. Constable, Duration of Future Punishment; J. Pusey, What is of Faith as to Everlasting Punishment?; Ed
Degradation - (Latin: de, from; gradus, rank: deprivation, abasement, reduction) ...
A vindictive canonical Punishment by which a cleric is reduced to the lay state
Optimism - Physical evil is a Punishment for abuse of the latter
Serpent, Fiery - As a Punishment, the Lord sent serpents among them, and much people of Israel died
Murder - Wilful murder was distinguished from accidental homicide, and was invariably visited with capital Punishment (Numbers 35:16,18,21,31 ; Leviticus 24:17 )
Furnace - Such pictures may form the background of the furnace of fire which symbolizes divine Punishment (Matthew 13:42 ,Matthew 13:42,13:50 )
Pit - See Hell ; Everlasting Punishment ; Sheol
Queen of Heaven - " Babylon, Israel's instrument of sin, was in righteous retribution made Israel's Punishment (Jeremiah 2:19)
Example - ) That which is to be avoided; one selected for Punishment and to serve as a warning; a warning
Famine - One of God's 'four sore judgements' which He in past times brought upon the earth, and which He has foretold will again be sent as a Punishment
Maranatha - It is as if the person so pronouncing the Punishment meant thereby to say, it exceeds my power to express what ought to be the consequence of your crime, I therefore leave you to the Lord when he comes
Execute - To carry into effect the law, or the judgment or sentence on a person to inflict capital Punishment on to put to death as, to execute a traitor
Forcible - Powerful strong mighty as a Punishment forcible to bridle sin
Savour - But in verse16 it refers also to the message for the unsaved concerning their coming Punishment
Mercy - That is why Jesus became sin on our behalf (2 Corinthians 5:21) and bore the Punishment due to us (Isaiah 5345)
Anathema - It is probable in this passage there is an allusion to the form of the Jews, who when unable to inflict so great a Punishment as the crime deserved, devoted the culprit to the immediate vindictive retribution of divine vengeance, both in this life and in a future state
Justice - ) The rendering to every one his due or right; just treatment; requital of desert; merited reward or Punishment; that which is due to one's conduct or motives
Abishag - By this request he convinced Solomon, that he was still actuated by political views, and this brought upon him the Punishment of treason
Lick - ) To strike with repeated blows for Punishment; to flog; to whip or conquer, as in a pugilistic encounter
Beth-Shemesh - It is memorable for a battle between Judah and Israel, in which Amaziah was defeated, 2 Kings 14:12-14 ; and for the return of the ark from among the Philistines, and the Punishment of those who then profaned it, 1 Samuel 6:1-21
Sin, Remission of - With remission of mortal sin the eternal Punishment due to it is also pardoned, but not all venial sins or temporal Punishments are taken away
Remission of Sin - With remission of mortal sin the eternal Punishment due to it is also pardoned, but not all venial sins or temporal Punishments are taken away
Murder - (Exodus 21:12,14 ; Leviticus 24:17,21 ; 1 Kings 2:5,6,31 ) The duty of executing Punishment on the murderer is in the law expressly laid on the "revenger of blood;" but the question of guilt was to be previously decided by the Levitical tribunal
Excommunication - The term of this Punishment was thirty days; and it was extended to a second and to a third thirty days when necessary. The Punishment of excommunication is not appointed by the law of Moses; it is founded on the natural right of self-protection which all societies enjoy. (2 Corinthians 1:23 ; 13:10 ) We find, (1) that it is a spiritual penalty, involving no temporal Punishment, except accidentally; (2) that it consists in separation from the communion of the Church; (3) that its object is the good of the sufferer, (1 Corinthians 5:5 ) and the protection of the sound members of the Church, (2 Timothy 3:17 ) (4) that its subjects are those who are guilty of heresy, (1 Timothy 1:20 ) or gross immorality, (1 Corinthians 5:1 ) (5) that it is inflicted by the authority of the Church at large, (Matthew 18:18 ) wielded by the highest ecclesiastical officer, (1 Corinthians 5:3 ; Titus 3:10 ) (6) that this officer's sentence is promulgated by the congregation to which the offender belongs, (1 Corinthians 5:4 ) in defence to his superior judgment and command, (2 Corinthians 2:9 ) and in spite of any opposition on the part of a minority, (2 Corinthians 2:6 ) (7) that the exclusion may be of indefinite duration, or for a period; (8) that its duration may be abridged at the discretion and by the indulgence of the person who has imposed the penalty, (2 Corinthians 2:8 ) (9) that penitence is the condition on which restoration to communion is granted, (2 Corinthians 2:8 ) (10) that the sentence is to be publicly reversed as it was publicly promulgated
Guilt - It is not Punishment, or even liability to Punishment, for this presupposes personal consciousness of wrong-doing and leaves out of account the attitude of God to sin unwittingly committed ( Leviticus 5:1 ff. ...
We are thus enabled to see that when moral obliquity arising from or reinforced by natural causes, adventitious circumstances, or personal environment, issues in persistent, wilful wrong-doing, it becomes or is resolved into guilt, and involves Punishment which is guilt’s inseparable accompaniment. In the OT the ideas of sin, guilt, and Punishment are so inextricably interwoven that it is impossible to treat of one without in some way dealing with the other two, and the word for each is used interchangeably for the others (see Schultz, OT Theol . An example of this is found in Cain’s despairing complaint, where the word ‘punishment’ ( Genesis 4:13 EV [1] ‘iniquities,’ Leviticus 16:22 ) and the Punishment of the nation, shadows forth clearly and unmistakably the nature of the burden laid on Jesus, as the Son of Man. The suffering involved in this is not, in Him, Punishment or the terror of Punishment; but it is the full realizing, in the personal consciousness, of the truth of sin, and the disciplinary pain of the conquest of sin; it is that full self-identification of human nature, within range of sin’s challenge and sin’s scourge, with holiness as the Divine condemnation of sin, which was at once the necessity and the impossibility of human penitence
Sleep - One day all people will rise from death to meet the great judge of the universe and receive either his blessing or his Punishment (Daniel 12:2; John 5:28-29)
Candle - Of the all-seeing accuracy with which Jehovah will search out sinners, so that in no dark grainer can they escape Punishment (Zephaniah 1:12; Amos 9:3)
Revenge - Means the return of injury for injury, or the infliction of pain on another in consequence of an injury received from him, farther than the just ends of reparation or Punishment require
Manasseh, King of Judah - Fearful of God’s Punishment, he repented of his wrong and decided to reform
Forbearance - Specifically, a refraining from the enforcement of a Punishment; generally, a synonym for patience
Baffle - ) To cause to undergo a disgraceful Punishment, as a recreant knight
Numbers - ...
The Hebrews prepare to depart from Mount Sinai (1-10):
the census (1-4)
some supplementary laws
last events before the departure (7-10)
From Mount Sinai to Cades (10,11-12)
Cades (13-20):
the spying of the Promised Land, revolt, and chastisement (13- 14)
revolt of Core, Dathan, and Abiron (15-17)
the waters of contradiction (20)
From Cades to the Plains of Moab (22-34):
Balaam's oracles (22-24)
idolatry and impurity (25)
new census and new laws concerning the sacrifices (26-30)
punishment of the Madianites and first division of the conquered territory (31-35)
The last chapter deals with the Levitical cities and the cities of refuge
Robbery - (On the Punishment of robbery, see Exodus 22
Stocks - This ancient mode of Punishment (cf
Hail - GOD is a righteous GOD and will judge His foes with dire Punishment
Felix - Eventually he was accused before Nero by the Jews, and only escaped Punishment by the intercession of his brother Pallas
Omri - In Micah 6:16 it is said "the statutes of Omri are kept:" they with "all the works of the house of Ahab," were kept in remembrance for Punishment
Fugitive - One who has fled or deserted and taken refuge under another power, or one who has fled from Punishment
Attrition - The latter they call attrition; which is the lowest degree of repentance, or a sorrow for sin arising from a sense of shame, or any temporal inconvenience attending the commission of it, or merely from fear of the Punishment due to it, without any resolution to sin no more: in consequence of which doctrine, they teach that, after a wicked and flagitious course of life, a man may be reconciled to God, and his sins forgiven on his death-bed, by confessing them to the priest with this imperfect degree of sorrow and repentance
Captivity - The first captivity is that of Egypt, from which they were delivered by Moses, and which should be considered rather as a permission of providence, than as a Punishment for sin
Necromancer - By the law, all that exercised this art were condemned to Punishment; yea, the Lord said, "I will even set my face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people
Obadiah - It cannot indeed be decided with certainty when he lived, but it is probable that he was contemporary with Jeremiah and Ezekiel, who denounced the same dreadful judgments on the Edomites, as the Punishment of their pride, violence, and cruel insulting over the Jews after the destruction of their city
Lick - LICK, To strike repeatedly for Punishment to flog to chastise with blows
Vengeance - In this case, vengeance is a just retribution, recompense or Punishment. In this latter sense the word is used in Scripture, and frequently applied to the Punishments inflicted by God on sinners
Stoning - Was a Punishment much in use among the Hebrews, and the rabbins reckon all crimes as being subject to it, which the law condemns to death without expressing the particular mode
Hazael - Israel looked longingly for the day when it would see a just Punishment poured out on Syria because of Hazael’s cruelty (Amos 1:3-5)
Hades - ...
In general, however, the word that the New Testament usually used for the place of eternal Punishment was not hades but gehenna
Eternal Punishment - ETERNAL Punishment. ‘Eternal Punishment’ is the antithesis of ‘eternal life,’ the penalties upon all unrighteousness inseparably bound up with the Kingdom, and which, in His new teaching of the Kingdom, Jesus plainly sets forth. These deeper meanings of αἰώνιος in the NT should serve to remove the question of the time element in future Punishment from the unsatisfactory basis of mere verbal interpretations. The use of these figures to describe the place of Punishment in the world of spirits is admitted, but it is not so clear which of the three doctrines which have divided Christian thought—endless Punishment, annihilation, restoration—was held. ‘Mark’ in loco), the use of κόλασις, pruning, ‘suggestive of corrective rather than of vindictive Punishment’ (Expos. ...
The exact balance of the awards ‘eternal life’ and ‘eternal Punishment’ (Matthew 25:46) has often been insisted upon as teaching finality. As the life is certainly endless, so, it is urged, must the Punishment be. The terms ‘life’ and ‘punishment’ point to an essential difference. Life is of God, essentially Divine; Punishment is from God, a Divine act. It is well also to bear in mind that ‘if good ever should come to an end, that would come to an end which Christ died to bring in; but if evil comes to an end, that comes to an end which He died to destroy’ (Clemance, Future Punishment, p. The following may be consulted:—(A) In favour of endlessness of Punishment: Pusey, What is of Faith as to Everlasting Punishment?; S. —(B) Treating the answer as unrevealed: Barrett, The Intermediate State; Beet, The Last Things; Clemance, Future Punishment; Orr, The Christian View of God and the World, Lect
Guile - ’ Guile is traced to the workings of that ‘abandoned mind’ which is itself the Punishment, natural and in a sense automatic, of those who reject God (Romans 1:29). His Punishment had a Dantesque appropriateness
Adultery - Yet both the adulterous man and woman were viewed as guilty, and the Punishment of death was prescribed for both (Leviticus 20:10 ). The severity of the Punishment indicates the serious consequences adultery has for the divine-human relationship (Psalm 51:4 ) as well as for marriage, family, and community relationships
Cain - And Cain said unto the Lord, My Punishment is greater than I can bear. Whatever it was, its object was not to aggravate, but to mitigate, his Punishment, which may intimate that Cain had manifested repentance
Fear - ...
Sinners have good reason to fear God; because God’s Punishment will one day fall upon them (Micah 7:16-17; Matthew 10:28). If believers obey God solely because they fear his Punishment, such obedience displays an immature love
Vengeance - Vengeance most frequently translates the Hebrew naqam and is used of God (Isaiah 1:24 ) and human beings (Exodus 20:20-21 ) in meting out legally deserved Punishments. The lex talonis, requiring "life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth" (Exodus 21:23-25 ), is widely understood as prohibiting disproportionate Punishment. Divine vengeance in the Old Testament is not to be understood as God's desire for self-gratification in exacting Punishment, but as an expression of displeasure over all unrighteousness to restore the original balance (Joel 3:19-21 ). Scaer...
See also Accursed ; Devote, Devoted ; Judgment ; Justice ; Providence of God ; Punishment ; Worship ; Wrath of God ...
Bibliography
Transgress - ...
Pesha‛ (פֶּשַׁע, Strong's #6588), “transgression; guilt; Punishment; offering. This emphasis is especially prominent in Amos 2:4: “For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away the Punishment thereof; because they have despised the law of the Lord, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked. ...
Pesha‛ can signify the Punishment for transgression: “And a host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression …” (
Crimes And Punishments - CRIMES AND PunishmentS . The Punishment for doing ‘any work on the Sabbath day ’ is death, but only in the later legislation ( Exodus 31:15 [probably H [1] Deuteronomy 22:21 ) for a priest’s daughter the Punishment was even death by burning ( Deuteronomy 21:9 ) while the wide-spread heathen practice of establishing religious prostitutes, male and female, at the local sanctuaries is specially reprobated in D [1] with the favourite Egyptian Punishment of the bastinado. The regular form of capital Punishment was death by stoning , which is prescribed in the Pentateuch as the penalty for eighteen different crimes, including Sabbath-breaking. The most extreme form of Punishment known to the codes, in that a whole community was involved, is that of total destruction under the ban of the first degree (see Ban) prescribed for the crime of apostasy (BC 22:20, more fully D Justice (2) - Different views, however, have been held as to the nature of the Punishment and its object. Some think (and this is Ritschl’s opinion) that the true Punishment of sin consists in the sense of guilt and alienation from God which a persuasion of the Divine displeasure awakens; and that the outward evils which are regarded as Punishments are really due to natural causes that have no relation to human guilt (Ritschl, Justification and Reconciliation, 47 ff. Now, the sense of God’s displeasure must always be a most important part of Punishment, and might almost stand for the whole of it, if we could suppose the sinner as responsive to it as he ought to be, as, e. But sin increasingly blunts the sinner’s susceptibility to suffering from this source; and if no effective provision has been made to bring God’s displeasure home to him, he would at last work out his term of Punishment. It is retributive because it punishes sin simply as sin; it is educative or reformatory because the Punishment is also intended for the moral improvement of the transgressor; it is protective because by the Punishment others are restrained from wrong-doing, and are themselves guarded against the evils which would result from the prevalence of unpunished sin. One could scarcely gather from these passages that God’s sole aim in Punishment is the reformation of the offender. Punishment is the reaction of His holy nature against wrong-doing, and without it the moral order of the world could not be maintained. If sin did not arouse His displeasure, He would not be holy; and if He did not manifest His displeasure objectively by Punishment, men could not know that He is holy. But it is said that God is love, and that what love inflicts is chastisement, not Punishment in the retributive sense. Holy love, however, cannot accomplish its end unless the sinner is brought to feel that he deserves Punishment. How could Punishment benefit him if, while undergoing it, he believed that it had not been merited? Retribution does tend to the offender’s improvement, and this is part of God’s purpose in it; but its reformatory influence never takes effect until the sinner acknowledges its justice. If, indeed, God’s sole aim were reformation, it would follow that, if rewards carried with them the same benefits as Punishments, as in many cases they do, then the offender would deserve them, and this because of his sin. In like manner it would be very difficult to persuade people that it is right that they should be protected from the spread of violence by the Punishment of those to whom Punishment was not justly due. ’ Forgiveness and Punishment are alike connected with the justice of God. In reality, it is holy love that forgives; and this means that love and justice are joined hand in hand in forgiveness as they are in Punishment
Death: of a Believer - Lyford being desired, a little before his death, to let his friends know in what condition his soul was, and what his thoughts were about that eternity to which he seemed very near, he answered with a cheerfulness suitable to a believer and a minister, 'I will let you know how it is with me;' and then, stretching out a hand that was withered and consumed with age and sickness: 'Here is,' said he 'the grave, the wrath of God, and devouring flames, the just Punishment of sin, on the one side; and here am I, a poor sinful soul, on the other side; but this is my comfort, the covenant of grace which is established on so many sure promises, has saved me from all
Maachah - In the beginning of Asa's reign she held the dignity of queen-mother, 1 Kings 15:2; 1 Kings 15:10; 1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chronicles 11:20-22; but when Asa came of age she lost the dignity as a Punishment because she had introduced idolatry
Habakkuk, Prophecies of - And on this occasion the future Punishment of the Chaldeans was revealed to him (2)
Debt - 1, expressing a "debt" more concretely, is used (a) literally, of that which is legally due, Romans 4:4 ; (b) metaphorically, of sin as a "debt," because it demands expiation, and thus payment by way of Punishment, Matthew 6:12
Despondency: Its Quick Eye For Evils - Jones was one that would inflict condign Punishment upon itself
Gall - Wormwood and gall were often associated with unfaithfulness to God, either as a picture of the unfaithful (Deuteronomy 29:18 ) or as their Punishment
Michal - As Punishment Michal was never allowed to bear children (2 Samuel 6:16-23 ; compare 2 Samuel 21:8 )
Supererogation - Thomas in the thirteenth: according to which, it was pretended that there actually existed an immense treasure of merit, composed of the pious deeds and virtuous actions which the saints had performed beyond what was necessary for their own salvation, and which were, therefore, applicable to the benefit of others; that the guardian and dispenser of this precious treasure was the Roman pontiff; and that, of consequence, he was empowered to assign to such as he thought proper, a portion of this inexhaustible source of merit, suitable to their respective guilt, and sufficient to deliver them from the Punishment due to their crimes
Bahurim - David prevented immediate Punishment (2 Samuel 16:5 ; 2 Samuel 19:16 )
Achan - According to the usage of the times, both he and his family are stoned, and their dead bodies burned the latter an even more terrible Punishment in the eyes of ancient Israel
Adam - ...
Adam was sinless in the first part of his life, and then deliberately and knowingly became a partner in Eve's sin in order that he might be with her, partake of her Punishment, and continue to have her for his very own
Blossom - ...
Ezekiel 7:10 (b) As the blossom is an evidence of future fruitfulness, so on a rod it indicates the coming of GOD's Punishment on His people
Hinnom, Valley of - (under the name of GEHENNA)with eternal Punishment: "Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it
Execute - ) To infect capital Punishment on; to put to death in conformity to a legal sentence; as, to execute a traitor
Guilt - Guilt therefore implies both criminality and liableness to Punishment
Dionysia (1), Virgin Martyr at Lampsacus - Seeing Nicomachus suddenly seized with madness and dying in horror, after having denied the faith under torture, and sacrificed to the heathen gods, Dionysia cried out, "Miserable and most wretched man! Why, for one hour's respite, didst thou take to thyself unceasing and indescribable Punishment!" The proconsul Optimus hearing her, asked if she were a Christian
Ahithophel - He probably foresaw Absalom's defeat, and dreaded the Punishment which would be inflicted on himself as a traitor, when David was resettled on the throne, A
Visit - , "to visit with Punishment," e
Necromancy - The injunction of the law is very express against this vice; and the Punishment to be inflicted on the practisers of it was stoning to death, Leviticus 20:27
Gall - Wormwood and gall were often associated with unfaithfulness to God, either as a picture of the unfaithful (Deuteronomy 29:18 ) or as their Punishment
Sanction - The system of rewards and Punishments attached by the legislator to the observance or violation of a law. A moral sanction has a two-fold purpose, one deterrent, influencing through the hope of reward and the fear of Punishment, the other retributive, rewarding the observance and through proper Punishments procuring the restoration of violated moral order. Such complete and final sanction is not to be found in this world of struggle between good and evil, where the forces of evil at times seem victorious, but in the future life with its eternal rewards or happiness and the eternal Punishments or misery through which goodness and virtue as well as Divine Justice are finally triumphant
Diseases - The pious Jews recognized the hand of God in sending them, Psalm 39:9-11 90:3-12 ; and in many cases special diseases were sent in Punishment of particular sins, as Abimelech, Gehazi, Jehoram, Uzziah, Miriam, Herod, the Philistines, etc
Mist - which fell on the sorcerer Elymas, being the outward and visible sign of the inward spiritual darkness which would be his portion for a while in Punishment for his resistance to the truth" (Trench, Syn
Penitential Psalms - ...
Psalm 38, in which the penitent earnestly prays to God to pardonhis sins and mitigate his Punishment
Book, Book of Life - Yahweh responds that he will blot out whoever has sinned; the Punishment is immediate. In the Old Testament focus on divine reward and Punishment in this life, the blessed on the list receive their blessings here and now and those stricken from the book suffer in this life, not in some eternal future
Robbery - ’ While the Roman authorities had set themselves the task of suppressing brigandage, and visited upon brigands the stern Punishment of crucifixion, it was obviously impossible to make that suppression complete, especially in mountainous or relatively obscure districts. ...
Emphatic statements respecting the prevalence of robbers during the stormy period preceding the fall of Jerusalem, and an account of the measures adopted by Felix in consequence, may be found in Josephus-‘as to the number of the robbers he caused to be crucified, and of those who were caught among them, and whom he brought to Punishment, they were a multitude not to be enumerated’ (Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) II
Avenge, Avenger - In Luke 21:22 , it is used of the "days of vengeance" upon the Jewish people; in 1 Peter 2:14 , of civil governors as those who are sent of God "for vengeance on evildoers" (AV, "punishment"); in 2 Corinthians 7:11 , of the "self-avenging" of believers, in their godly sorrow for wrong doing, RV, "avenging," for AV, "revenge. " See Punishment , VENGEANCE
Lie - If they make false accusations against the innocent, they are guilty of lying and are assured of God’s severe Punishment (Deuteronomy 19:15-19; 1 Kings 21:8-19). They will not escape God’s Punishment (Proverbs 19:5; Revelation 21:8; Revelation 21:27)
Eternal Punishment - Isaiah uses earthly images of corpses beset by an undying worm and inextinguishable fire to point to the final doom of the wicked—eternal Punishment (66:24). ...
Jesus teaches that the suffering of the ungodly in hell is "eternal Punishment" (Matthew 25:46 ; cf. Paul combines pictures of Punishment, destruction, and separation in 2 Thessalonians 1:5-9 : God will "punish those who do not know God, and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. "...
Jude speaks of hell in terms of fire when he cites Sodom and Gomorrah as an earthly example of "those who suffer the Punishment of eternal fire" (v
Cross - an ancient instrument of capital Punishment. The cross was the Punishment inflicted by the Romans, on servants who had perpetrated crimes, on robbers, assassins, and rebels; among which last Jesus was reckoned, on the ground of his making himself King or Messiah, Luke 23:1-5 ; Luke 23:13-15 . " The person who was subjected to this Punishment was then deprived of all his clothes excepting something around the loins. The criminal, having been beaten, was subjected to the farther suffering of being obliged to carry the cross himself to the place of Punishment, which was commonly a hill, near the public way, and out of the city. The cross, which was erected at the place of Punishment, being there firmly fixed in the ground, rarely exceeded ten feet in height. Crucifixion was not only the most ignominious, it was likewise the most cruel, mode of Punishment: so very much so, that Cicero is justified in saying, in respect to crucifixion, "Ab oculis, auribusque et omni cogitatione hominum removendum esse. ]'>[1] The sufferings endured by a person on whom this Punishment is inflicted are narrated by George Gottlieb Richter, a German physician, in a "Dissertation on the Saviour's Crucifixion
Burden - Frequently when GOD told of the Punishment He was preparing to mete out to the enemy, the story is described as a "burden. ...
Jeremiah 23:33 (b) The question is asked concerning what message there is from the Lord about Punishment and retribution. ...
Ezekiel 12:10 (b) Here is a message concerning Punishment and judgment against the leaders of Israel
Prison - Imprisonment, in the modern sense of strict confinement under guard, had no recognized place as a Punishment for criminals under the older Hebrew legislation (see Crimes and Punishments, § 9 ). ]'>[1] ‘prison’) an obscure instrument of Punishment, variously rendered ‘shackles’ (RV Mortal Sin - It deprives one of the right to heaven, and entails penalties, some of which are incurred in this life, and the loss of God forever as well as eternal Punishment
Succoth - After overtaking and routing this band at Karkor, Gideon on his return visited the rulers of the city with severe Punishment
Propitiation - Christ is "the propitiation," because by his becoming our substitute and assuming our obligations he expiated our guilt, covered it, by the vicarious Punishment which he endured
Nineveh - The prophets of God assured them of a fitting divine Punishment (Isaiah 10:5; Isaiah 10:12-16; Nahum 1:1; Nahum 3:1-7; Zephaniah 2:13; see NAHUM)
Chasten, Chastisement - refers to an act of Punishment intended to instruct and change behavior
Albigensianism - To deliver souls from this evil and Punishment, the good spirit, God, sent Jesus Christ who is only a creature
Picket - ) A military Punishment, formerly resorted to, in which the offender was forced to stand with one foot on a pointed stake
Desert - ) That which is deserved; the reward or the Punishment justly due; claim to recompense, usually in a good sense; right to reward; merit
Gregory Xiii, Pope - He was probably unaware of the circumstances of the massacre of Saint Bartholomew's day, when he ordered thanksgiving festivities in Rome, having been officially notified that it was the Punishment of conspirators in a plot to assassinate the royal family
Sadducees - These were a sect among the Jews, but possessing nothing of the principles of Abraham, but rather a class of Epicureans: They were rigid to a degree for the law, because, denying any future state of reward or Punishment, angel or spirit, they made the chief good to consist in an attention to the observance of order in this life
Beating - The act of striking or giving blows Punishment or chastisement by blows
Caiaphas - " Caiaphas had no power to inflict the Punishment of death, and therefore Jesus was sent to Pilate, the Roman governor, that he might duly pronounce the sentence against him (Matthew 27:2 ; John 18:28 )
Orion - " The Arabs represent Orion as a mighty man, the Assyrian Nimrod, who rebelled presumptuously against Jehovah, and was chained to the sky as a Punishment; for its rising is at the stormy season
Albigenses - To deliver souls from this evil and Punishment, the good spirit, God, sent Jesus Christ who is only a creature
Damn - Generally speaking, the words are taken to denote the final and eternal Punishment of the ungodly
Darkness - It is the abode of wicked spirits and will characterise the place of Punishment of the wicked
Haggai - The prophet reproves the people for their delay in building the temple of God, and represents the unfruitful seasons which they had experienced as a divine Punishment for this neglect
Eye - The practice of putting out the eyes as a mode of Punishment has been in both ancient and modern times very common in the East
Eyes - The practice of putting out the eyes as a mode of Punishment has been in both ancient and modern times very common in the East
Sodom - The history of its great wickedness and its terrible Punishment is given in Genesis 18:16-33; Genesis 19:1-29
Sin, Mortal - It deprives one of the right to heaven, and entails penalties, some of which are incurred in this life, and the loss of God forever as well as eternal Punishment
Rebuke - In Scripture, chastisement Punishment affliction for the purpose of restraint and correction
Ugo Buoncompagni - He was probably unaware of the circumstances of the massacre of Saint Bartholomew's day, when he ordered thanksgiving festivities in Rome, having been officially notified that it was the Punishment of conspirators in a plot to assassinate the royal family
Fire - ...
...
Punishment of death by fire was inflicted on such as were guilty of certain forms of unchastity and incest (Leviticus 20:14 ; 21:9 ). It is referred to as an emblem of severe trials or misfortunes (Zechariah 12:6 ; Luke 12:49 ; 1 Corinthians 3:13,15 ; 1 Peter 1:7 ), and of eternal Punishment (Matthew 5:22 ; Mark 9:44 ; Revelation 14:10 ; 21:8 )
Darkness - Elsewhere darkness forms part of God's Punishment on the disobedient (Deuteronomy 28:29 ; 1 Samuel 2:9 ; Job 5:14 ; Job 15:30 ; Job 20:26 ; Psalm 107:10 ; Isaiah 47:5 ; Jeremiah 13:16 ; Ezekiel 32:8 ). ...
In the New Testament, the place of Punishment for humans and sinful angels is designated “the outer darkness” (Matthew 8:12 ; Matthew 22:13 ; Matthew 25:30 ; compare 2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 1:6 ,Jude 1:6,1:13 )
Sight - And in eastern countries, where for capital Punishment the eyes are literally scooped from their sockets, it is not simply a restoration to give sight to such miserable eyeless creatures, but it is a new creation. We meet with numberless instances, in the Old Testament Scripture, where such cruel Punishments were inflicted. Jesus came to give sight to the blind whose eye-sockets had no eyes, being put out for the capital Punishment of high treason, even sin against God
Serjeants Lictors - Each carried a bundle of rods with an axe included, as symbols of the power of Punishment and of life and death possessed by the higher magistrates. They had to see that proper respect was paid to the magistrate, and had also to carry out the Punishment ordered by him
Black - He reproved them for their sins, and warned them of their Punishment. ...
Revelation 6:5 (b) This black horse probably represents the famine and the sorrow which would prevail on the earth as a Punishment for the wickedness and the evil being practiced
Punishments - ) Death was the Punishment of striking or even reviling a parent (Exodus 21:15; Exodus 21:17); blasphemy (Leviticus 24:14; Leviticus 24:16; Leviticus 24:23); Sabbath-breaking (Numbers 15:32-36); witchcraft (Exodus 22:18); adultery (Leviticus 20:10); rape (Deuteronomy 22:25); incestuous and unnatural connection (Leviticus 20:11; Leviticus 20:14; Leviticus 20:16); man stealing (Exodus 21:16); idolatry (Leviticus 20:2). Capital Punishments were stoning (Exodus 17:4); burning (Leviticus 20:14); the sword (Exodus 32:27); and strangulation, not in Scripture, but in rabbinical writings. Punishments not ordained by law: sawing asunder, and cutting with iron harrows(Isaiah, Hebrews 11:37; Ammon, in retaliation for their cruelties, 2 Samuel 12:31; 1 Samuel 11:2); pounding in a mortar (Proverbs 27:22); precipitation (Luke 4:29; 2 Chronicles 25:12); stripes, 40 only allowed (Deuteronomy 25:3), the Jews therefore gave only 39; the convict received the stripes from a three-thonged whip, stripped to the waist, in a bent position, tied to a pillar; if the executioner exceeded the number he was punished, a minute accuracy observed in 2 Corinthians 11:24. Punishment in kind (lex talionis ) was a common principle (Exodus 21:24-25)
Habakkuk - Habakkuk knows that the people of Judah deserve God’s Punishment. As for the Babylonians, the ones whom God uses to carry out that Punishment, Habakkuk will leave God to deal with them according to his wisdom and justice (3:16-19)
Condemnation - Condemnation can refer either to the legal status of liability to Punishment or to the actual infliction of that Punishment. Their Punishment has already begun and their ultimate condemnation will occur at the final judgment if they do not repent before death. Buis, The Doctrine of Eternal Punishment ; W
Obadiah, Theology of - This Punishment of its enemies brought some measure of comfort and vindication to Israel. ...
Punishment is closely related to the wrongdoing that caused it. This theological principle of lex talionis, or a crime resulting in a related and appropriate Punishment, is specifically stated in verse 15. This Punishment, oddly enough, provides security for the followers of a God who reveals himself
Hell - 13) to that region of dire Punishment allotted to the elder gods, whose sway Zeus had usurped. It is described as the appointed place of Punishment for the Beast and the False Prophet, for Death and Hades themselves, for all not enrolled in the Book of Life, and finally for those guilty of the dark list of sins given in Revelation 21:8. In Judges 1:6; Judges 1:13 and 2 Peter 2:17 we have the expressions ‘darkness’ and ‘the blackness of darkness’ used as descriptive epithets of the place of Punishment. , the way of sin is described as ‘a way of eternal death with Punishment,’ and then follows a list of sins reminiscent of Revelation 21:8. 2 there is a striking passage differentiating between the Punishment of the ignorant and those who sin knowingly: ‘They that have not known God, and commit wickedness, are condemned to death; but they that have known God and seen His mighty works, and yet commit wickedness, shall receive a double Punishment, and shall die eternally. ’ There can be no doubt here that ‘prison’ is meant to signify the place of Punishment beyond death. The imagery may be derived from the saying in Matthew 5:25-26, but we must remember that ‘bonds and imprisonment’ were frequently the terms in which the apocalyptic literature figured future Punishment. ...
This idea is even more clearly set forth in the Apocalypse of Peter, and forms the beginning of the famous passage in which is set forth the Punishment of sinners, in the manner that to later ages is most familiar in the pages of Dante, where the forms of torment bear an appropriate relation to the sins committed. The passage begins at § 20, and follows immediately on the description of Heaven, with these words:...
‘And I saw another place over against that, very dark: and it was the place of Punishment: and those who were punished there and the punishing angels had a dark raiment like the air of the place. is Josephus, who has two references to the belief of the Pharisees in the matter of future Punishment. 3 we read:...
‘They also believe that souls have an immortal vigour in them, and that under the earth there will be rewards or Punishments, according as they have lived virtuously or viciously in this life; and the latter are to be detained in an everlasting prison, but that the former shall have power to revive and live again. 14, quoting the doctrine of the Pharisees, he claims their view to be ‘that the souls of bad men are subject to eternal Punishment. ...
In the curious work known as the Pistis Sophia, probably of Valentinian, and certainly of Gnostic origin, we have a bizarre conception of the place of Punishment-described as ‘the outer darkness. Within the monster are the regions of Punishment-‘for there are in it twelve dungeons of horrible torment. -It would be hard to point to any passage in the NT that conveyed any fresh or fuller ideas about the place of Punishment, its nature and purpose, than are to be found in words attributed to Jesus in the Gospels. ...
(4) The permanent spiritual lessons to be derived from the descriptions of future Punishment. ...
(b) Evil in the heart of men must entail Punishment and, if persisted in, eternal loss and shame, and a death that is more than death (Romans 6:20-23, Revelation 21:8)
Hell - 13) to that region of dire Punishment allotted to the elder gods, whose sway Zeus had usurped. It is described as the appointed place of Punishment for the Beast and the False Prophet, for Death and Hades themselves, for all not enrolled in the Book of Life, and finally for those guilty of the dark list of sins given in Revelation 21:8. In Judges 1:6; Judges 1:13 and 2 Peter 2:17 we have the expressions ‘darkness’ and ‘the blackness of darkness’ used as descriptive epithets of the place of Punishment. , the way of sin is described as ‘a way of eternal death with Punishment,’ and then follows a list of sins reminiscent of Revelation 21:8. 2 there is a striking passage differentiating between the Punishment of the ignorant and those who sin knowingly: ‘They that have not known God, and commit wickedness, are condemned to death; but they that have known God and seen His mighty works, and yet commit wickedness, shall receive a double Punishment, and shall die eternally. ’ There can be no doubt here that ‘prison’ is meant to signify the place of Punishment beyond death. The imagery may be derived from the saying in Matthew 5:25-26, but we must remember that ‘bonds and imprisonment’ were frequently the terms in which the apocalyptic literature figured future Punishment. ...
This idea is even more clearly set forth in the Apocalypse of Peter, and forms the beginning of the famous passage in which is set forth the Punishment of sinners, in the manner that to later ages is most familiar in the pages of Dante, where the forms of torment bear an appropriate relation to the sins committed. The passage begins at § 20, and follows immediately on the description of Heaven, with these words:...
‘And I saw another place over against that, very dark: and it was the place of Punishment: and those who were punished there and the punishing angels had a dark raiment like the air of the place. is Josephus, who has two references to the belief of the Pharisees in the matter of future Punishment. 3 we read:...
‘They also believe that souls have an immortal vigour in them, and that under the earth there will be rewards or Punishments, according as they have lived virtuously or viciously in this life; and the latter are to be detained in an everlasting prison, but that the former shall have power to revive and live again. 14, quoting the doctrine of the Pharisees, he claims their view to be ‘that the souls of bad men are subject to eternal Punishment. ...
In the curious work known as the Pistis Sophia, probably of Valentinian, and certainly of Gnostic origin, we have a bizarre conception of the place of Punishment-described as ‘the outer darkness. Within the monster are the regions of Punishment-‘for there are in it twelve dungeons of horrible torment. -It would be hard to point to any passage in the NT that conveyed any fresh or fuller ideas about the place of Punishment, its nature and purpose, than are to be found in words attributed to Jesus in the Gospels. ...
(4) The permanent spiritual lessons to be derived from the descriptions of future Punishment. ...
(b) Evil in the heart of men must entail Punishment and, if persisted in, eternal loss and shame, and a death that is more than death (Romans 6:20-23, Revelation 21:8)
Purgatory - Every sin, how slight soever, though no more than an idle word, as it is an offence to God, deserves Punishment from him, and will be punished by him hereafter, if not cancelled by repentance here. Such small sins do not deserve eternal Punishment. From these propositions, which the Papist considers as so many self-evident truths, he infers that there must be some third place of Punishment; for since the infinite goodness of God can admit nothing into heaven which is not clean and pure from all sin both great and small, and his infinite justice can permit none to receive the reward of bliss who as yet are not out of debt, but have something in justice to suffer, there must of necessity, be some place or state, where souls departing this life, pardoned as to the external guilt or pain, yet obnoxious to some temporal penalty, or with the guilt of some venial faults, are purged and purified before their admittance into heaven
Universalists - They teach, that the wicked will receive a Punishment apportioned to their crimes; that Punishment itself is a mediatorial work, and founded upon mercy; that it is a mean of humbling, subduing, and finally reconciling the sinner to God. Chauncy, and this doctrine, observe, on the contrary side, that the sacred Scriptures expressly declare that the Punishment of the finally impenitent shall be eternal, Matthew 17:8
Purgatory - The arguments advanced for purgatory by the papists are these: Every sin, how slight soever, though no more than an idle word, as it is an offence to God, deserves Punishment from him, and will be punished by him hereafter, if not cancelled by repentance here. Such small sins do not deserve eternal Punishment. From these positions, which the papist considers as so many self- evident truths, he infers that there must be some third place of Punishment; for since the infinite holiness of God can admit nothing into heaven that is not clean and pure from all sin, both great and small, and his infinite justice can permit none to receive the reward of bliss, who as yet are not out of debt, but have something in justice to suffer, there must, of necessity, be some place or state, where souls departing this life, pardoned as to the eternal guilt of sin, yet obnoxious to some temporal penalty, or with the guilt of some venial faults, are purged and purified before their admittance into heaven
Man - At the end of time, all the dead will rise again to receive at the universal judgment the reward or Punishment for their deeds
Hell - Hell is the future place of eternal Punishment of the damned including the devil and his fallen angels
Eternal Life - It comprises the whole future of the redeemed (Luke 16:9 ), and is opposed to "eternal Punishment" (Matthew 19:29 ; 25:46 )
Repay - 1), and carries with it the idea of 'repayment' by way of a fine or Punishment, a fact which lends emphasis to its use in Philemon 1:19
Tophet - " Thus Tophet came to represent the place of Punishment
Hanani - But Asa only thereby sealed his own Punishment; by compromising principle to escape war he brought on himself perpetual wars (1 Kings 15:32)
Cob - ) A Punishment consisting of blows inflicted on the buttocks with a strap or a flat piece of wood
Pot - ...
Psalm 60:8 (b) The Lord used Moab for the cleansing of Israel when she needed Punishment for her idolatry and sin
Galilaean - In Luke 13:1 we are told of Pilate’s (evidently recent) Punishment of some Galilaeans, whom he had slain even while they were sacrificing
Correction - That which is intended to rectify, or to cure faults Punishment discipline chastisement that which corrects
Eli - And though the Lord deferred the threatened Punishment of his two sons for near twenty and seven years, yet he allowed them still to minister in the service of the sanctuary
Frog - When God plagued Pharaoh and his people, the river Nile, which was the object of great admiration to the Egyptians, was made to contribute to their Punishment
School - The Punishment employed was beating with a strap, never with a rod
Remit - To forgive to surrender the right of punishing a crime as, to remit Punishment
Though - Proverbs 11 ...
That is, admit the fact that the wicked unite their strength, yet this will not save them from Punishment
Cross - As the emblem of a slave's death and a murderer's Punishment, the cross was naturally looked upon with the profoundest horror
Perverting - The power of life and death was not possessed by the Sanhedrin: no merely religious offence could be visited with capital Punishment (John 18:31), and therefore the object which they clamoured for could be accomplished only through the instrumentality of the civil power
Perdition - In Philippians 3:19 the RV_ translates ὧν τὸ τέλος ἀπώλεια, ‘whose end is perdition,’ not ‘destruction’ as the AV_, because τέλος is a future and final Punishment. The advocates of probation after death likewise argue that there is nothing in ἀπώλεια to mean interminable Punishment
Salt - The Punishment of this woman was to be permanent. Instead of destroying the sinner as it punishes him, it will act as a preservative and keep him alive and conscious of his Punishment
Demons - The final demonstration of the conquest of demons will be at the last judgment, when God’s Punishment will remove them from human society for ever and send them to a place of fitting Punishment (Matthew 8:29; Matthew 25:41; Judges 1:6)
Judgment - ...
God’s judgment is not merely another word for his condemnation and Punishment. They longed for the day when God would act in true judgment, righting the wrongs, declaring them to be right, and sentencing their opponents to Punishment (Psalms 7:6-8; Psalms 9:8; Psalms 9:12; Psalms 10:2; Psalms 10:12; Psalms 10:17-18; Psalms 82:1-4; see JUSTICE). ...
Persecuted believers in the New Testament era could likewise long for the day when God would intervene in judgment, bringing relief to them and Punishment to their persecutors (2 Thessalonians 1:4-8; Revelation 6:10; Revelation 11:18). They would suffer greater Punishment than those whom they considered wicked but who had never heard of Jesus (Matthew 11:20-24; Mark 12:40; Luke 12:47-48; John 9:39-41). His love for all that is right is so strong that he reacts against all that is wrong in righteous anger and holy wrath (Romans 1:18; Romans 2:5; Ephesians 5:6; Revelation 6:17; see HELL; Punishment)
Reconcilation - Justice demands the Punishment of sinners
Jonah, Book of - It gives an account of (1) his divine commission to go to Nineveh, his disobedience, and the Punishment following (1:1-17); (2) his prayer and miraculous deliverance ((1:17-2:10);); (3) the second commission given to him, and his prompt obedience in delivering the message from God, and its results in the repentance of the Ninevites, and God's long-sparing mercy toward them (ch
Sihon - Churlishness and unprovoked violence bring their own Punishment (Proverbs 16:18; Proverbs 18:12; Numbers 21:21-31)
Capital - ) Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital Punishment
Buck - ) To subject to a mode of Punishment which consists in tying the wrists together, passing the arms over the bent knees, and putting a stick across the arms and in the angle formed by the knees
Gallio - Certain Jews brought Paul before Gallio seeking to get Roman Punishment of him
Prison - The Mosaic law made no provision for imprisonment as a Punishment
Anabaptists - The principal tenets were: ...
(1) rejection of baptism of infants as unscriptural, and its restriction to adults as a sign of Christian belief; ...
(2) restoration of what they considered primitive Christianity, abolition of capital Punishment, oaths, and the magistracy; ...
(3) scripture as a rule of faith; ...
(4) foundation of a new kingdom of God on communistic grounds
Betray - If the people of America ever betray their trust, their guilt will merit even greater Punishment than other nations have suffered, and the indignation of heaven
Tempest - ...
Psalm 83:15 (b) The call is for GOD to send upon His enemies troubles, sorrows, grief and disaster as a Punishment for their evil doings
Raduate - ) To mark with degrees; to divide into regular steps, grades, or intervals, as the scale of a thermometer, a scheme of Punishment or rewards, etc
Manas'Seh - (1 Chronicles 5:23 ) But they gradually assimilated themselves with the old inhabitants of the country, and on them descended the Punishment which was ordained to he the inevitable consequence of such misdoing
Perdition - See Death ; Devil ; Eternal Life ; Everlasting Punishment ; Hell ; Sheol
Satisfy - To appease by Punishment as, to satisfy rigor
Manas'Seh - (1 Chronicles 5:23 ) But they gradually assimilated themselves with the old inhabitants of the country, and on them descended the Punishment which was ordained to he the inevitable consequence of such misdoing
Confession - A confession of our desert of Punishment, and our unworthiness of mercy. These confessions are made to the priest, and are private and auricular; and the priest is not to reveal them under pain of the highest Punishment
Cross - The frightful mode of Punishment by the cross appears to have been practised from the earliest periods well known to history. Among the Romans, it prevailed from very early times down to the reign of Constantine the Great, by whom it was abolished; and from the Romans it most probably passed to the Jews; though some have imagined that they could trace the Punishment in such passages as Deuteronomy 21:22-23
Lamentations of Jeremiah - But though it be allowed that the Lamentations were primarily intended as a pathetic description of present calamities, yet while Jeremiah mourns the desolation of Judah and Jerusalem during the Babylonian captivity, he may be considered as prophetically painting the still greater miseries they were to suffer at some future time: this seems plainly indicated by his referring to the time when the Punishment of their iniquity shall be accomplished, and they shall no more be carried into captivity, Lamentations 4:22 . This book of Lamentations is divided into five chapters; in the first, second, and fourth, the prophet speaks in his own person, or by an elegant and interesting personification introduces the city of Jerusalem as lamenting her calamities, and confessing her sins; in the third chapter a single Jew, speaking in the name of a chorus of his countrymen, like the Coryphaeus of the Greeks, describes the Punishment inflicted upon him by God, but still acknowledges his mercy, and expresses some hope of deliverance; and in the fifth chapter, the whole nation of the Jews pour forth their united complaints and supplications to almighty God
Edom - Edomtook pleasure in the Punishment of Judah when judgement was falling upon it. ...
Many prophecies speak of its Punishment
Rod - ...
Psalm 23:4 (b) This is probably a symbol of the powerful Punishment which our Lord will exercise against the enemies of His children. ...
Micah 6:9 (b) Here we see a type of the whipping, the Punishment and the chastisement which may come upon the child of GOD. ...
Revelation 2:27 (a) We are being told that the conquering CHRIST will rule every enemy with hard and harsh Punishment, which is unmingled with mercy
Communion (1) - It was formerly a kind of canonical Punishment for clerks guilty of any crime to be reduced to lay communion; 1:e. They had another Punishment of the same nature, though under a different name, called foreign communion, to which the canons frequently condemned their bishops and other clerks. This Punishment was not any excommunication or deposition, but a kind of suspension from the function of the order, and a degradation from the rank they held in the church
Sodom - Deuteronomy 32:32, Isaiah 1:10; Isaiah 3:9, Jeremiah 23:14, Lamentations 4:6, Ezekiel 16:46-49, Wisdom of Solomon 10:6-8); and even more frequently is the devastation of the guilty cities typical of Divine Punishment. ...
Our Lord here implies the great fact, which in the passage dealt with in the following section He states more clearly, that since privileges bring responsibilities, their neglect brings Punishment. And therewith He further implies the mysterious truth that at ‘the day of judgment’ the Punishments awarded to men will vary. ’ The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is also coupled with the Deluge in 2 Peter 2:5-7 as an example of Punishment
Blood - The second occurrence here means that the murderer shall suffer capital Punishment. The phrase, “his blood be on his head,” signifies that the guilt and Punishment for a violent act shall be on the perpetrator: “For everyone that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood [2] shall be upon him” ( Punishment by killing the guilty party are not guilty of murder
Excommunication - The purpose of the Punishment, ‘that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord’ (v. Here the censure or Punishment was given by ‘the majority’ without Paul’s intervention, as in 1 Corinthians 5:4 ; the purpose of his writing here is ‘that your ( v. Paul wished to end, lest the Punishment should defeat its end and lead to ruin instead of recovery, and so Satan should hold what was only, metaphorically speaking, lent to him to hurt
Smoke - ...
Isaiah 14:31 (a) We understand here that the invasion by a northern enemy will bring destruction and terrible Punishment upon Israel because of their sins. The eternal character of this Punishment is revealed also in Revelation 14:11. ...
Revelation 14:11 (a) The eternal condition of the lost is represented here as being under the continual Punishment of the GOD whom they neglected, or rejected
Indulgences - In the Romish church, are a remission of the Punishment due to sin, granted by the church, and supposed to save the sinner from purgatory. I remit to you all Punishment which you deserve in purgatory on their account: and I restore you to the holy sacraments of the church, to the unity of the faithful, and to that innocence and purity which you possessed at baptism: so that when you die, the gates of Punishment shall be shut, and the gates of the paradise of delight shall be opened; and if you shall not die at present, this grace shall remain in full force when you are at the point of death. That the efficacy of indulgences was so great, that the most heinous sins, even if one should violate (which was impossible) the Mother of God, would be remitted and expiated by them, and the person be freed both from Punishment and guilt
Day of Judgment - In its earliest forms the expectation of this day involved simply the Punishment of the enemies of Israel by Jahweh the God of the nation. As the moral content of prophetism developed, however, this Punishment inflicted by Jahweh was foretold to include the Punishment of the Hebrew nation. ); but Malachi foretold the fearful Punishment of all the wicked, Jews and Gentiles alike. It was this extension of Punishment, and the increase in the number of the condemned, that gave particular force to the idea of the remnant which was to be saved. ...
Obviously the formal concept here is that of the Oriental monarch who establishes a court of justice, and decrees rewards and Punishment. It was this concept which conditioned teaching as to Punishment throughout the entire Biblical period. In the place of a penalty consisting of national Punishment, there grew up during the Greek period of Jewish history a tolerably elaborate belief as to Punishment inflicted upon individuals after death. It is difficult to know just when this idea of hell as a place of Punishment, as over against Sheol as the abode of the disembodied dead, was first brought into relation with the Day of Judgment, but by the time of the apocalyptists we find the correlation complete (Ethiopic Enoch 27:2, 3, 48:9, 54:1, 2, 62:12, 13, 90:26, 27). In fact the Punishment inflicted upon men is distinctly recognized as adjusted to the conditions of their life in Ethiopic Enoch 22:1–14. ...
While Jesus opposed the mercantile conception of rewards and Punishment, the Day of Judgment occupied a central position in His teaching. ...
(b) In one instance (Matthew 11:22-23) the ‘judgment of Gehenna’ is mentioned, but this refers not so much to the Judgment-day itself as to the Punishment inflicted upon hypocrites and sinners (cf. On the whole, however, in view of Jesus’ forecast of the Punishment to come upon the Jewish people both to Galilee and in Jerusalem, it seems probable that He did in some precise way correlate the fall of Jerusalem with the eschatological Judgment. The Punishment inflicted was to be universal, not Jewish. Such a change of moral values carries Jesus over into something other than a mechanical doctrine of rewards and Punishments and of statutory merit. At this point, therefore, there is to be seen the rudiments of a logical doctrine as to rewards and Punishment which is far enough from the mechanical expectation of the apocalypses
Job - The comforters, "Job's comforters," to use the expression they occasioned, insist that he must have provoked God's Punishment by his sins
Kibroth-Hattaavah - Then Punishment fell on them: they loathed the food which they had desired; it bred disease in them; the divine anger aggravated the disease into a plague, and a heavy mortality was the consequence
Hinnom - The word Gehenna [1] was never used in the time of Christ in any other sense than to denote the place of future Punishment
Sun - Punishment came because of disobedience
Brass - ...
The serpent of brass was made by Moses at the command of God (Numbers 21:4-9 ), and elevated on a pole, so that it might be seen by all the people when wounded by the bite of the serpents that were sent to them as a Punishment for their murmurings against God and against Moses
Nahum, Book of - It was strongly fortified on every side, bidding defiance to every enemy; yet it was to be utterly destroyed as a Punishment for the great wickedness of its inhabitants
Numbers Book of - 21 we have a picture of the discontentment and rebellion of the Israelites, their Punishment through fiery serpents, and the simple remedy of a brazen serpent erected on a pole
Mary Stuart - In 1586 Mary was accused of complicity in Babington's conspiracy and executed, the main motive for such Punishment being hatred of her religion
Hedge - , maliciously pulling down his neighbour's hedge wall he brings on himself his own Punishment; Deuteronomy 19:14; Amos 5:19), and of locusts in cold weather (Nahum 3:17), "which camp in the hedges in the cold day (the cold taking away their power of flight), but when the sun ariseth
Seventy Years - Isaiah 23:15 and the Babylonian Black Stone of Esarhaddon may indicate that seventy years was an expected time of Punishment and desolation for a defeated city
Fan - ...
Jeremiah 51:2 (a) The process of Punishment is reversed in this Scripture and the enemies of the Jews are being punished themselves
Favor - ) Mildness or mitigation of Punishment; lenity
Horse - A wooden machine on which soldiers ride by way of Punishment sometimes called a timber-mare
Throne - It would be a terrible Punishment to have such a position and under such conditions
Drowning - —Drowning never was or could be a recognized form of capital Punishment in so poorly watered a country as Palestine, as it was in Assyria and Babylonia
Love of God - In the awful Punishment of their enemies, Exodus 19:4
Infants - Some think, all dying in infancy are annihilated; for, say they, infants, being incapable of moral god or evil, are not proper objects of reward or Punishment
Famine - 21:1), or of Punishment ( Blasphemy - The Punishment prescribed by the Mosaic law for the crime of actual blasphemy was death by stoning
Stuart, Mary - In 1586 Mary was accused of complicity in Babington's conspiracy and executed, the main motive for such Punishment being hatred of her religion
Generation - "Save yourselves from this untoward generation," form the Punishment which awaits these perverse men, Acts 2:40
Scourge - The Punishment of scourging was very common among the Jews
Justice - Vindictive retribution merited Punishment
Vessel - Vessels of wrath, in Scripture, are such persons as are to receive the full effects of God's wrath and indignation, as a Punishment for their sins
na'Both - The usual Punishment for blasphemy was enforced: Naboth and his sons were stoned; and the blood from their wounds ran down into the waters of the tank below
Book of Life - In the coming judgment, all whose names are not written in the Lamb’s book of life will suffer eternal Punishment (Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:12-15)
Horn - Israelite law did not permit the widespread ancient practice of clinging to the horns of the altar to escape Punishment for murder (Exodus 21:14; 1 Kings 1:51; 1 Kings 2:29)
Plague - Instruments of Divine Punishment are insects, beasts, angels, hail-stones, death, mourning, want, and fire
Iniquity - ...
‛Âvôn (עָווֹן, Strong's #5771), “iniquity; guilt; Punishment. The first use of ‛âvôn comes from Cain’s lips, where the word takes the special meaning of “punishment”: “And Cain said unto the Lord, My Punishment is greater than I can bear” ( Punishment of the sin
Fear - ...
Slavish fear is the effect or consequence of guilt it is the painful apprehension of merited Punishment. We have reason to fear the Punishment of our sins
Hell - The English word hell is used to designate the place of the dead, the grave, and also the place of Punishment after death and the abode of evil spirits. At the great day of judgment the cursed shall go away into this abode and receive everlasting Punishment
Repentance - As to Punishment which He has threatened, or blessing He has promised. When Israel turned from their evil ways and sought God, He often repented of the Punishment He had meditated
Rod - ...
For the rod as an instrument of Punishment, shçbet is more frequently employed than matteh , as Proverbs 10:13 ; Proverbs 13:24 ; Proverbs 26:3 , although both are not seldom employed in parallel lines ( Isaiah 10:24 ; Isaiah 30:31 f
Baptism of Fire - ...
Throughout Scripture, fire often represents judgment (Genesis 19:24 ; 2 Kings 1:10 ; Amos 1:4-7 ; Matthew 7:19 ; 2 Thessalonians 1:8 ; James 5:3 ), including everlasting Punishment (Matthew 18:8 ; Jude 7 )
Self-Seeking - Micah 2:1-2 ; that it is contrary to the example of all wise and good men: that the most awful examples of the Punishment of this sin are recorded in Scripture; as Pharaoh, Achan, Haman, Gehazi, Absalom, Ananias and Sapphira, Judas, and many others
Tiberius - In speaking of Nero he says: "in order to remove the rumour of his having set fire to Rome, Nero shifted the charge on others, and inflicted the most refined Punishments on those whom the populace called Christians, and who were hated for their scandalous doings. ...
The author of the name, Christ, in the reign of Tiberias was visited with capital Punishment by the governor Pontius Pilate
Lake of Fire - God's final retributive Punishment
Balances - In this particular case the supply was greatly cut down as a Punishment on the wicked people
Condemn - To pronounce to be guilty to sentence to Punishment to utter sentence against judicially to doom opposed to acquit or absolve with to before the penalty
Ananias - His wife, saying the same thing, also met with a like Punishment
Satan - By collecting the passages where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be concluded, that he fell from heaven with his company; that God cast him down from thence for the Punishment of his pride; that by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over subordinate apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men, and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets and seducers; that it is he, or his agents, that torment or possess men, and inspire them with evil designs, as when he suggested to David, the numbering of the people, to Judas to betray his Lord and Master, and to Ananias and Sapphira to conceal the price of their field; that he is full of rage like a roaring lion, and of subtlety like a serpent, to tempt, to betray, to destroy, and involve us in guilt and wickedness; that his power and malice are restrained within certain limits, and controlled by the will of God; in a word, that he is an enemy to God and man, and uses his utmost endeavours to rob God of his glory, and men of their souls
Brimstone - This awful catastrophe, therefore, stands as a type of the final and eternal Punishment of the wicked in another world
e'li - (1 Kings 2:35 ) Its return to the elder branch was one part of the Punishment which had been denounced against Eli during his lifetime, for his culpable negligence
Worse - A — 1: χείρων (Strong's #5501 — Adjective — cheiron — khi'-rone ) used as the comparative degree of kakos, "evil," describes (a) the condition of certain men, Matthew 12:45 ; Luke 11:26 ; 2 Peter 2:20 ; (b) evil men themselves and seducers, 2 Timothy 3:13 ; (c) indolent men who refuse to provide for their own households, and are worse than unbelievers, 1 Timothy 5:8 , RV; (d) a rent in a garment, Matthew 9:16 ; Mark 2:21 ; (e) an error, Matthew 27:64 ; (f) a person suffering from a malady, Mark 5:26 ; (g) a possible physical affiction, John 5:14 ; (h) a Punishment, Hebrews 10:29 , "sorer
Fire - The instrument of Punishment or the Punishment of the impenitent in another state
Sheol - The twofold division into the abode of the blessed and the abode of those suffering Punishment seems the more generally held. ]'>[2] hell ) in the NT is either the synonym of death, or of complete loss and misery, although the idea of Punishment is usually expressed by Gehenna
Inheritance - Jeremiah used the concept of “inheritance” to refer to the restoration of Israel to the land from “the north” after the time of Punishment (Jeremiah 3:18-19 ). ” In Job 27:13 “heritage” refers to God's Punishment of the wicked
False Prophet - Punishment for prophesying falsely was severe. The tests of a prophet are: 1) Do their predictions come true (Jeremiah 28:9 )? 2 ) Does the prophet have a divine commission (Jeremiah 29:9 )? 3 ) Are the prophecies consistent with Scripture (2 Peter 1:20-21 ; Revelation 22:18-19 )? 4 ) Do the people benefit spiritually from the prophet's ministry (Jeremiah 23:13-14 ,Jeremiah 23:13-14,23:32 ; 1 Peter 4:11 )?...
Punishments for false prophets were just as severe in the New Testament as they were in the Old. Paul caused a false prophet to be stricken with blindness (Acts 13:6-12 ), but most other Punishments were more permanent in nature. The ultimate Punishment appears in Revelation 19:20 ; Revelation 20:10 —the false prophet, the beast, and the devil will be thrown into a lake of fire and brimstone and be tormented forever
Condemnation (2) - Especially will this sentence of rejection and Punishment descend then upon the hypocrite (Mark 12:40). Not only, we must suppose, Punishment by pain for rebellion, but regret at past indifference, remorse at past folly, shame at past malice, will be the terrible feelings lacerating souls that have found not forgiveness but condemnation
Sadducees - 250, who, rejecting the traditionary doctrines of the scribes, taught that man ought to serve God out of pure love, and not from hope of reward, or fear of Punishment; and that they derived their name from Sadoc, one of his followers, who, mistaking or perverting this doctrine, maintained that there was no future state of rewards and Punishments. These tenets, which resemble the Epicurean philosophy, led, as might be expected, to great profligacy of life; and we find the licentious wickedness of the Sadducees frequently condemned in the New Testament; yet they professed themselves obliged to observe the Mosaic law, because of the temporal rewards and Punishments annexed to such observance; and hence they were always severe in their Punishment of any crimes which tended to disturb the public tranquillity
Cross - Death by the cross was a Punishment of the meanest slaves, and was a mark of infamy, Deuteronomy 21:23 Galatians 3:13 . This Punishment was so common among the Romans, that pains, afflictions, troubles, etc
Refuge, Cities of - " How far superior to this was the Mosaic institution of cities of refuge, where the involuntary homicide might remain in peace till the death of the high-priest, and then go forth in safety, while a really guilty person did not escape Punishment. But this was not allowed to screen the guilty from deserved Punishment, Exodus 21:14 1 Kings 2:28-34
Idolatry - His nearest relatives were not only bound to denounce him and deliver him up to Punishment (Deuteronomy 13:20-10 ), but their hands were to strike the first blow when, on the evidence of two witnesses at least, he was stoned (Deuteronomy 17:2-7 ). No facts are more strongly declared in the Old Testament than that the extermination of the Canaanites was the Punishment of their idolatry (Exodus 34:15,16 ; Deuteronomy 7 ; 12:29-31 ; 20:17 ), and that the calamities of the Israelites were due to the same cause (Jeremiah 2:17 )
Retribution (2) - But the conception of recompense moved mainly on external lines; the rewards and Punishments which did not come in this life were expected in the next, or in a Golden Age on earth. And so in our Lord’s day—...
‘The religious relation between God and His people was a legal one, upheld by God as righteous Judge, in the way of service and counterservice, reward and Punishment. There are in the Gospels no ‘poetic justice’ parables, no limelight scenes of sensational Punishments of evil-doers or dramatic vindication of virtue. Judas is an exception, though Christ Himself never speaks of his Punishment in this world. ...
(2) Christ teaches equally decisively the fact of retribution in the next world, and uses freely the language of reward and Punishment. The doctrine of personal responsibility is indeed fundamental to Christianity, and it is necessary to refer to only a few typical passages: Parables (Matthew 13:24; Matthew 18:23; Matthew 22:2; Matthew 22:25, Luke 12:16; Luke 12:16), Rewards (Matthew 19:28, Luke 14:14), Punishments (Matthew 5:26; Matthew 10:28; Matthew 12:36, Mark 9:42; Mark 14:21, John 5:29). ...
‘It is well to remember that infliction from without, by another, so far from being an essential element in all thought of Punishment, tends more and more completely to disappear, as having no longer even an accidental place, in those deeper realities of Punishment which human Punishments do but outwardly symbolize. The more we discern their process and character, the more profoundly do we recognize that the Punishments of God are what we should call self-acting. ]'>[5] ...
(4) Christ spiritualized the conception of reward and Punishment. Punishment is the leaving of the self to be identified with sin, and so to depart from Christ into the outer darkness which is separation from God. He appeals to the fear of Punishment, and speaks of many and few stripes (Luke 12:47)
Propitiation - Sinful people justly deserve the Punishment that God’s holy wrath requires, but God is patient with them and has no pleasure in punishing them (Psalms 78:38; Romans 2:2-4; 2 Peter 3:9). In fact, he provides a way whereby they need not suffer the Punishment themselves. Yet God in his love provided a way of dealing with sin, so that the Punishment on sin could be carried out, while at the same time sinners could be forgiven
Legs - —The breaking of the legs with a heavy club or bar (σκελοκοπία, crurifragium) was inflicted as a capital Punishment on slaves and others who incurred the anger of irresponsible masters (for reff. Thus the “breaking of the bones” was a sort of increase of Punishment by way of compensation for its shortening by the final stroke that followed. They had in view Deuteronomy 21:23 (though this law did not refer to crucifixion, a Punishment unknown to the Israelites), more especially as they feared the pollution of the coming Sabbath, which was a high day (John 19:31)
Oath - As the sanctity of oaths was carefully inculcated by the law, so the crime of perjury was strongly condemned; and to a false witness the same Punishment was assigned which was due for the crime to which he testified
Merchant Guilds - This monopoly included the right to fine all traders who were not members of the guild for illicit trading, and also to inflict Punishment on those who violated the regulations of the guild
Strangling - ]'>[1] as a mode of Punishment, some form of impalement is intended (see Crimes and Punishments, § 10 )
Hand - ) or Punishment (Exodus 9:3 ; Judges 2:15 ; Acts 13:11 , etc
Seven - Seven is the number of sacrifice (2 Chronicles 29:21 ; Job 42:8 ), of purification and consecration (Leviticus 42:6,17 ; 8:11,33 ; 14:9,51 ), of forgiveness (Matthew 18:21,22 ; Luke 17:4 ), of reward (Deuteronomy 28:7 ; 1 Samuel 2:5 ), and of Punishment (Leviticus 26:21,24,28 ; Deuteronomy 28:25 )
Gad - Prophet who advised David as he fled from Saul (1 Samuel 22:5 ) and who brought God's options for Punishment after David took a census of Israel (2 Samuel 24:11-14 )
Aroer - Jehu's sins brought God's Punishment on Israel, including the loss of Aroer to Hazael of Damascus (about 840 B
Guilds, Merchant - This monopoly included the right to fine all traders who were not members of the guild for illicit trading, and also to inflict Punishment on those who violated the regulations of the guild
Lass - Everything about GOD's Punishment of men is above reproach and is perfectly clear, clean and transparent
Abiathar - Solomon, therefore, as soon as he could safely do it, deposed Abiathar from the priesthood, warned him that any future misconduct would entail capital Punishment, and relegated him to the seclusion of Anathoth ( 1 Kings 2:26 )
Judgment - ) A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense for wrong committed; a providential Punishment
Incense - The Levites were not permitted to touch the censers; and Korah, Dathan, and Abiram suffered a terrible Punishment for violating this prohibition
Citizen, Citizenship - A citizen was promised a fair trial without certain forms of harsh Punishment
Lake of Fire - That particular conception of future Punishment represented as ‘the Lake of Fire’ is found only in the Apocalypse of St. " translation="">Isaiah 66:23-24, where the proximity of the place of Punishment to Jerusalem shows that the Valley of Hinnom is intended. Hades is not connected distinctly with the idea of Punishment in the Apocalypse. Fire is one of the accompanying features of the Parousia; it is the real or metaphorical agent of Punishment for the wicked, and only in 2 Peter do we find the definite conception of a final conflagration which will destroy the old heavens and earth
Genesis - Genesis moves in two parts: (1) universal creation, rebellion, Punishment, and restoration; (2) God's choice of a particular family through whom He promises to bless the nations. Help comes, but only after further Punishment. Through the flood, God eliminates all humanity except the family of Noah, then makes a covenant with that family never again to bring such Punishment (Genesis 6:1-9:17 ), but human sin continues on the individual and the societal levels, bringing necessary...
divine Punishment of the nations at the tower of Babel (Genesis 9:18-11:9 ). Human sin brings alienation and Punishment (Genesis 3:1-24 ). God renews His commission to the creature made in His image and makes a covenant not to repeat the disastrous Punishment of the flood (Genesis 9:1-17 )
Libellatici - Libelli pacis were certificates of indulgence addressed to a bishop by confessors or martyrs petitioning that their merits be applied to remit the temporal Punishment incurred by the lapsed Christians, who were known as libellatici (Latin: bearers of certificates)
Lapsi - Libelli pacis were certificates of indulgence addressed to a bishop by confessors or martyrs petitioning that their merits be applied to remit the temporal Punishment incurred by the lapsed Christians, who were known as libellatici (Latin: bearers of certificates)
Congregation - The congregation of Israel functioned in military, legal, and Punishment matters
Title - The ordinary term for the ‘ superscription , consisting usually of the name of the criminal and the crime with which he was charged ( Mark 15:26 ), written on a board, which, according to Roman practice, was carried in front, or hung from the neck of a prisoner as he was led through the streets of the city to execution, or exposed for Punishment
Bourignonists - She believed also that man is perfectly free to resist or receive divine grace; that God is ever unchangeable love towards all his creatures, and does not inflict any arbitrary Punishment; but that the evils they suffer are the natural consequence of sin; that religion consists not in outward forms of worship nor systems of faith, but in an entire resignation to the will of God
Spies - Moses announced that as a Punishment for their rebellion they must now wander in the wilderness till a new generation should arise which would go up and posses the land
Descent to Hades - The prison may have been Sheol or Hades according to Old Testament thinking, a special place of captivity for sinners, a place of Punishment for fallen angels, a place of security for such angels where they thought they could escape Christ's power, or a place on the way to heaven where the faithful of old waited to hear the message of Christ's final atoning victory
Zin - The remaining two passages, Numbers 27:1-23 and Deuteronomy 32:1-52 , which are duplicates, refer to the Punishment of Moses for his offence at ‘the waters of Meribah of Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin
Penitence - It is also used for a discipline or Punishment attending repentance, more usually called penance
Judgment - Those who had done wrong would be doomed to Punishment, and those who had accepted Jesus as Christ, either explicitly, as in the case of the Christians, or implicitly, as in the case of Abraham, would be acquitted and admitted to heaven
Mercy - That benevolence, mildness or tenderness of heart which disposes a person to overlook injuries, or to treat an offender better than he deserves the disposition that tempers justice, and induces an injured person to forgive trespasses and injuries, and to forbear Punishment, or inflict less than law or justice will warrant
Prison - " The other section of hell is a place of torment or Punishment and no one who enters there is ever delivered
Goat - As the word "shepherds" describes what they ought to have been, so "he goats" what they were; heading the flock, they were foremost in sin, so they shall be foremost in Punishment
Avenger, Avenger of Blood - the magistrate bears not the sword in vain, for he is the minister of God for the Punishment of evil-doers
Chains - ...
Under the Roman law, vincula, was a form of Punishment, or of safe custody
Accept - 40:2), must mean “her iniquity is paid for” or “her Punishment is accepted as satisfactory
Elizabeth of England, Queen - Catholics who offended against the Act of Supremacy were liable to capital Punishment as traitors
England, Elizabeth of - Catholics who offended against the Act of Supremacy were liable to capital Punishment as traitors
Hell - But there is nothing so weak and so impious as disputes on these points; for unless men could satisfy their minds, that God cannot punish sin, or that he will not, it becomes a matter more presumptuous than becoming, to enquire the very particulars in which that Punishment shall consist
Repentance - A partial or worldly repentance, wherein one is grieved for and turns from his sin, merely on account of the hurt it has done, or is likely to do, him; so a malefactor, who still loves his sin, repents of doing it, because it brings him to Punishment
Curse, the - The Punishment pronounced by God consequent on the sin of Adam and Eve
Thurificati - Libelli pacis were certificates of indulgence addressed to a bishop by confessors or martyrs petitioning that their merits be applied to remit the temporal Punishment incurred by the lapsed Christians, who were known as libellatici (Latin: bearers of certificates)
Sacrificati - Libelli pacis were certificates of indulgence addressed to a bishop by confessors or martyrs petitioning that their merits be applied to remit the temporal Punishment incurred by the lapsed Christians, who were known as libellatici (Latin: bearers of certificates)
Micah - His prophecy relates to the sins and judgments of Israel and Judah, the destruction of Samaria and Jerusalem, the return of the Jews from captivity, and the Punishment of their enemies
Hell - ...
The term hell is most commonly applied to the place of Punishment in the unseen world, and is usually represented in the Greek New Testament by the word Gehenna, valley of Hinnom. And these Punishments will be eternal, like the happiness of heaven
Reward - ...
Rewards and Punishments presuppose moral agency, and something voluntarily done, well or : without which respect, though we may receive good, it is only a benefit and not a reward. Punishment a just return of evil or suffering for wickedness
Oath, - (Genesis 15:10,17 ; Jeremiah 34:18 ) As the sanctity of oaths was carefully inculcated by the law, so the crime of perjury was strongly condemned; and to a false witness the same Punishment was assigned which was due for the crime to which he testified
Fool, Folly - Because God is concerned with people’s attitudes as well as their actions, a person with uncontrolled hate is as liable to God’s Punishment as a murderer (Matthew 5:21-22)
Lazarus - When both men died, Lazarus entered into the joy of God’s heavenly kingdom, but the rich man entered into torment in the place of Punishment (Luke 16:19-23)
Hardness of the Heart - ...
The explanation of saying God hardened Pharaoh's heart seems to be that this is the way of Punishment which comes as the consequence of his own initial self hardening. Sin has become its own Punishment
Pardon - The act of forgiving an offender, or removing the guilt of sin, that the Punishment due to it may not be inflicted. Pardon frees from Punishment, but does not entitle to everlasting life; but justification does, 1 Thessalonians 2:4 : If we were only pardoned, we should, indeed, escape the pains of hell, but could have no claim to the joys of heaven; for these are more than the most perfect works of man could merit; therefore they must be what the Scriptures declare...
"the gift of God
Vengeance - ’...
Punishment, if it is to carry any moral weight, must involve the vindication of law, and consequently the new ethic of Christianity which controlled the conduct of the Apostolic Church is based on love, which rules out of revenge the element of private and personal malevolence (see some cogent remarks by J. The repetition of the quotation from Deuteronomy 32:35, in the form in which it comes to us in two such representative Christian writings as the Epistles to the Romans and the Hebrews, shows clearly that the Christian consciousness had grasped the idea of Punishment as in effect a Divine prerogative
Indulgences - General rules were formed upon these subjects; but as it was often found expedient to make a discrimination in the degrees of Punishment, according to the different circumstances of the offenders, and especially when they showed marks of contrition and repentance, power was given to bishops, by the council of Nice, to relax or remit those Punishments as they should see reason. Instead of confining them, according to their original institution, to the ordinary purposes of ecclesiastical discipline, they extended them to the Punishment of the wicked in the world to come; instead of shortening the duration of earthly penance, they pretended that they could deliver men from the pains of purgatory; instead of allowing them gratuitously, and upon just grounds, to the penitent offender, they sold them in the most open and corrupt manner to the profligate and abandoned, who still continued in their vices
Metempsychosis - Josephus, who was himself a Pharisee, gives this account of their doctrine in these points: "Every soul is immortal; those of the good only enter into another body, but those of the bad are tormented with everlasting Punishment. " From whence it has been pretty generally concluded, that the resurrection they held was only a Pythagorean one, namely, the transmigration of the soul into another body; from which they excluded all that were notoriously wicked, who were doomed at once to eternal Punishment; but their opinion was, that those who were guilty only of lesser crimes were punished for them in the bodies into which their souls were next sent
Crucifixion - Among the Romans the degradation was also a part of the infliction, and the Punishment if applied to freemen was only used in the case of the vilest criminals. (Matthew 27:58 ) This accursed and awful mode of Punishment was happily abolished by Constantine
Incest - " Incestuous practice, then, was a crime against God which, through its polluting influence, would contaminate Israel's relationship with God and result in divine Punishment of the community in general. " This penalty has often been interpreted to be excommunication (a Punishment for incest found in Hittite laws and an interpretation held by the Qumran community) or even the death penalty. 11,12, 14), which was carried out by the community; and three receive a form of divine Punishment (vv. It is possible that total body of violations of 20:1-21 came under two understood conditions: when such violations occurred unknown to the community (as several of these violations could), the violator would receive divine Punishment; but when the violator was known to the community, that person would receive the death penalty as well. This conclusion is supported by the fact that Leviticus 18:6-18 places all of its more inclusive list of incest violations under the consequence of divine Punishment
Hades - The rich man recalls his fate and that of his family, and cries out in distress for Abraham to send them a sign and relieve his Punishment, but to no avail. The unrighteous are held in Punishment and wicked angels are imprisoned in Tartarus, a Greek term designating the lowest part of Hades (1 Peter 3:19 ; 2 Peter 2:4,9 ; Jude 6 ). Thereafter Hades, Satan, and the reprobate will be thrown into Gehenna, the place of God's final retributive Punishment. " Hades also denotes the vanquished stronghold of Satan's forces whose end is certain and the intermediate place of Punishment for the wicked dead until the final judgment
Judgment Day - Time of God's Punishment and refining of the evil in the world, especially of the final, history-ending time of eternal judgment. These refer to the wrath of God, judgment, judging, condemn, Punishment, penalty, vengeance, judgment seat, destruction, and ruin. Judgment Day follows the resurrection of the dead and determines the eternal destiny of the righteous (either Paradise in Heaven or on a renewed earth, or life in the heavenly Jerusalem or in the heavenly Garden of Eden come down to earth) and of the wicked (Gehenna or some other place of eternal Punishment) based on their obedience/disobedience to the law of God. The concept of retribution for good and bad is also applied to believers ( 1 Corinthians 3:12-15 ; 2 Corinthians 5:10 ), but the specifics of rewards and Punishments are not stated
Trial of Jesus - The Romans did not give the Jews the right of capital Punishment for the accusation of blasphemy. The Jews had to convince a Roman judge that their demand for capital Punishment was justified. Pilate refused this, but he offered to let them carry out the maximum Punishment under their law, probably beating with rods or imprisonment
Zacharias - As a Punishment for his refusing to believe this message, he was struck dumb and "not able to speak until the day that these things should be performed" (20)
Sheep - Sheep symbolized people without leadership and unity, scattered like sheep without a shepherd (1 Kings 22:17 ), innocent people not deserving of Punishment (1 Chronicles 21:17 ), as helpless facing slaughter (Psalm 44:11 ,Psalms 44:11,44:22 ) and death (Psalm 49:14 )
Samaria - besieged Samaria in Punishment for king Hoshea’s disaffection
Cord - Henderson in his commentary says: "The meaning is that the persons described were not satisfied with ordinary modes of provoking the Deity, and the consequent ordinary approach of his vengeance, but, as it were, yoked themselves in the harness of iniquity, and, putting forth all their strength, drew down upon themselves, with accelerated speed, the load of Punishment which their sins deserved
Debtor - ...
It is used metaphorically, (a) of a person who is under an obligation, Romans 1:14 , of Paul, in the matter of preaching the Gospel; in Romans 8:12 , of believers, to mortify the deeds of the body; in Romans 15:27 , of gentile believers, to assist afflicted Jewish believers; in Galatians 5:3 , of those who would be justified by circumcision, to do the whole Law: (b) of those who have not yet made amends to those whom they have injured, Matthew 6:12 , "our debtors;" of some whose disaster was liable to be regarded as a due Punishment, Luke 13:4 (RV, "offenders;" AV, sinners;" marg
Danger, Dangerous - Hastings); (c) the penalty itself, Matthew 5:22 , "the hell of fire," and, with the translation "worthy" (AV, "guilty"), of the Punishment determined to be inflicted on Christ, Matthew 26:66 ; Mark 14:64 , "death;" (d) the person or thing against whom or which the offense is committed, 1 Corinthians 11:27 , "guilty," the crime being against "the body and blood of the Lord;" James 2:10 , "guilty" of an offense against all the Law, because of a breach of one commandment
Pride - Those who practise it bring against themselves God’s opposition, and guarantee for themselves a humiliating Punishment (Leviticus 26:19; Proverbs 29:23; Isaiah 13:11; Isaiah 16:6; Daniel 4:37; Luke 1:51; Luke 18:14; James 4:6)
Hanging - Hanging was not regarded as a means of capital Punishment according to biblical law, although it was practiced by the Egyptians (Genesis 40:19 ,Genesis 40:19,40:22 ) and the Persians (Esther 7:9 )
Schools - The Punishment employed was beating with a strap, never with a rod
Appeal - ) An accusation; a process which formerly might be instituted by one private person against another for some heinous crime demanding Punishment for the particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense against the public
Kir-Hareseth - Kir-Hareseth was destroyed by the Babylonians whom the prophets described as God's instrument of Punishment (see Jeremiah 4:5-31 ; Jeremiah 6:1-8 , Jeremiah 6:22-26 ; Jeremiah 25:1-14 )
Propitiation - That propitiation made by Jesus Christ is that which atones for and covers our guilt, as the mercy-seat did the tables of the law; or it may be defined thus: "It is the averting the Punishment due to any one, by undergoing the penalty in the room of the guilty
Fire - One of the most awful things connected with this word is the description of the place of eternal Punishment as THE LAKE OF FIRE
Language - " (Genesis 11:1) The diversity arose as a Punishment for the building of Babel
Crucifixion - The most painful and the most degrading capital Punishment, reserved for the worst crimes and for the lowest class of people
Fly - The sun god in Egypt was represented in the form of a beetle; thus their sin would be made their instrument of Punishment
Anastasius ii, Bishop of Rome - He was still remembered as the traitor who would have reversed the excommunication of Acacius; and Dante finds him suffering in hell the Punishment of one whom "Fotino" seduced from the right way (Dante, Inf
Destruction (2) - Whether or not there is a term to the duration of misery hereafter—presuming that there is a continuance of life after death for those who go in the way of destruction—does not enter into the scope of this note (See Eternal Punishment), but it may be remarked as significant that the ‘lost sheep’ are spoken of by our Lord as being found again, and that the word for ‘lost’ is the participle of ἀπόλλυμι
Felix (174), Bishop of Tubzoca - This edict did not authorize death as a Punishment, but simply prohibited the assembly of Christians for religious worship; ordered the destruction of churches and sacred documents, and authorized torture
Physician - On the other hand, there are many proofs in scripture that diseases were sent as a Punishment for the sins of His people
Babel - But by this Punishment in the plains of Shinar, the Lord laid the foundation of his own glory and his servants' honour; and the wonderful conversion of souls, at that season of Pentecost, demonstrated both the power of God, and the wisdom of God, in confirmation of the faith
Korah - There was an exception in the case of Korah, in that his children were not included in the Punishment
Sheol - The wicked receive Punishment there ( Gamaliel - The assembly saw the wisdom of his counsel, and very prudently changed the sentence, upon which they were originally bent against the Apostles' lives, into that of corporal Punishment
Fear - This kind of fear, being compatible with confidence and love, is sometimes called filial fear; while "the fear which hath torment," being the result of conscious guilt, and the anticipation of Punishment, is removed by that "love" to God which results from a consciousness of our reconciliation to him
Tooth - The opinion that it is every man's right and duty to do himself justice, and to revenge his own injuries, is by no means eradicated from among the Afghans, a people of India, to the southward of Cashmere, and according to a paper in the Asiatic Researches, supposed to be descended from the Jews; and the right of society, even to restrain the reasonable passions of individuals, and to take the redress of wrongs and the Punishment of crimes into its own hands, is still very imperfectly understood: or, if it is understood, is seldom present to the thoughts of the people; for although, in most parts of their country, justice might now be obtained by other means, and though private revenge is every where preached against by the mollahs, priests, and forbidden by the government, yet it is still lawful, and even honourable in the eyes of the people, to seek that mode of redress
Sadducees - They denied the existence of angels and spirits, and maintained that there was no resurrection, Matthew 22:23; Acts 23:8, the soul according to them dying with the body; hence they denied a future state of reward or Punishment
Synagogue - The "elders" of the synagogue preserved order in the assembly, Luke 7:3; Mark 5:22; Acts 13:15, and appear also to have constituted the lowest tribunal, which took cognizance mainly of religious matters, and sometimes inflicted the Punishment
Capital - Taking away life, as a capital Punishment or affecting life, as a capital trial
Blindness - Blindness was sometimes inflicted as a Punishment, Genesis 19:11 Acts 13:6 ; and it was often threatened as a penalty, Deuteronomy 28:28
Murder - ...
In various ways God is represented as specially abhorring this crime, and securing its Punishment, Deuteronomy 32:43 2 Samuel 21:1 Psalm 9:12 55:23 Hosea 1:4 Revelation 22:15
Murder (2) - The Jewish Rabbis distinguished between manslaughter and murder (Exodus 21:13-14): only in the latter case did capital Punishment follow (Edersheim, History of the Jewish Nation, p
Law -
To punish is added because through fear of Punishment lawe command obedience. Law also must have sanction; no law is definitely established unless reward be given to those who observe its requirements, and Punishment inflicted on those who violate it
Torment - In 1 John 4:18 κόλασις is so translation in Authorized Version (Revised Version ‘punishment’). A similar Punishment awaits the devil, the Beast, and the False Prophet, who, after being cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever (Revelation 20:10)
False Witness - ; they held that the Punishment should be inflicted only if the falsely accused had been punished, whereas the Pharisees demanded Punishment if the sentence had been pronounced, whether it was executed or not
Idolatry, - From this time forth their history becomes little more than a chronicle of the inevitable sequence of offence and Punishment. Punishment of idolatry . The individual offender was devoted to destruction, (Exodus 22:20 ) his nearest relatives were not only bound to denounce him and deliver him up to Punishment, (13:2-10) but their hands were to strike the first blow, when, on the evidence of two witnesses at least, he was stoned
Cross - It was the Punishment of robbers and murderers, provided that they were slaves too; but otherwise, if they were free, and had the privilege of the city of Rome, this was then thought a prostitution of that honour, and too infamous a Punishment for such a one, let his crimes be what they would. ...
The Jews confess, indeed, that they crucified people in their nation, but deny that they inflicted this Punishment upon any one alive. The criminal was fixed to the cross quite naked; and, in all probability, the Saviour of sinners was not used with any greater tenderness than others upon whom this Punishment was inflicted
Horn - The horns were smeared with the blood of the sacrifice, served as binding posts for the sacrifice, and were clung to for safety from Punishment (1 Kings 2:28 )
Raca - ’ Rabbinic law is very stringent against libellous expressions, which were to be treated as serious offences liable for Punishment to the supreme court (like murder)
Scourge - In Acts 22:25 the similar Punishment about to be administered to Paul is described by Verb No
Fear - There is a servile fear, which they possess who serve God from fear of Punishment, and not from love to him
Testing - Such a challenge is rebellion against God and may bring his Punishment (Exodus 17:7; Numbers 14:22; Deuteronomy 6:16; Psalms 95:8-11; Matthew 4:7; Acts 5:9; Acts 15:10; 1 Corinthians 10:9)
Disabilities And Deformities - One general view toward disabilities and deformities was that these afflictions were sent by God as Punishment for sin (Deuteronomy 32:39 ; John 9:2 )
Conventicle - for the second the Punishment is doubled, and for the third they were to be banished to America, or pay 100l
Korah - As Punishment for their insubordination, God caused the earth to open and swallow the leaders and their property
Guard (2) - The need of Pilate’s authorization and the risk of Punishment from him (Matthew 28:14) show that this guard must have consisted, not of the Jewish Temple police, but of soldiers from the Roman cohort at Jerusalem; possibly, though not probably, the same as had guarded the cross (ἔχετε, Matthew 27:65, is probably imperative, ‘have (take) a guard’)
Perish - ...
Deuteronomy 26:5 (c) This refers to a nation that was under condemnation from GOD because of their idolatry, and therefore was subject to the curse and Punishment of GOD
Action - ) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the Punishment of a public offense
Ather - ...
Matthew 13:28 (a) By this type the Lord is telling us of the day when He will separate the unsaved from the Christians in order that His children may be with Him and all the ungodly sent off to their eternal Punishment
Baptism - The chief effects of this sacrament are: ...
the impression of a character or seal by which we are incorporated with Christ (Galatians 3; 1 Corinthians 6); ...
regeneration and remission of original sin (and actual if necessary), as well as Punishment due to sin, and infusion of sanctifying grace (with its gifts)
Lent - ...
The Imperial laws forbade all prosecution of men in criminal actions that might bring them to corporal Punishment and torture during the whole season
Needy Person - ...
Thirdly, this noun sometimes describes one’s spiritual condition before God: “Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the Punishment thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes” (Amos 2:6)
Bourignonists - The leading principles which pervade her productions are these:...
that man is perfectly free to resist or receive divine grace; that God is ever unchangeable in love toward all his creatures, and does not inflict any arbitrary Punishment, but that the evils they suffer are the natural consequences of sin; that true religion consists not in any outward forms of worship, nor systems of faith, but in immediate communion with the Deity, by internal feelings and impulses, and by a perfect acquiescence in his will
Religion - Religion, in its most comprehensive sense, includes a belief in the being and perfections of God, in the revelation of his will to man, in man's obligation to obey his commands, in a state of reward and Punishment, and in man's accountableness to God and also true godliness or piety of life, with the practice of all moral duties
Lamentations - It was a pitiful sight, yet a fitting Punishment for the city’s sins
Reward (2) - , 1592 or 1594) already employs the expression ‘rewards and Punishments, Which stamps a favourable sense upon the ‘rewards’; cf. There is perhaps more of morality in ‘punishment. Punishment emphasizes guilt, calls for repentance, and may prove the door to a new life; reward implies righteousness, and the thought of it may tend to self-righteousness
Suffering - ...
The Hebrews regarded suffering as Punishment for sin against the divine moral order. They often interpreted their own suffering as a sign of God's wrath and Punishment for sin in their lives
Redemption - But the very terms used in the above cited passages, "to redeem," and "to be bought with a price," will each be found to refute this notion of a gratuitous deliverance, whether from sin or Punishment, or both. They are under guilt, under "the curse of the law," the servants of sin, under the power and dominion of the devil, and "taken captive by him at his will," liable to the death of the body and to eternal Punishment
Reprobation - " We may then be bold to affirm that justice and equity in God are what they are taken to be among reasonable men; and if all men every where would condemn it, as most contrary to justice and right; that a sovereign should condemn to death one or more of his subjects for not obeying laws which it is absolutely impossible for them, under any circumstances which they can possibly avail themselves of, to obey, and much more the greater part of his subjects; and to require them, on pain of aggravated Punishment, to do something in order to the pardon and remission of their offences, which he knows they cannot do, say to stop the tide or to remove a mountain; it implies a charge as obviously unjust against God, who is "just in the judgments which he executeth," to suppose him to act precisely in the same manner in regard to those whom he has passed by and rejected, without any avoidable fault of their own; to destroy them by the simple rule of his own sovereignty, or, in other words, to show that he has power to do it. In whatever light the subject be viewed, no fault, in any right construction, can be chargeable upon the persons so punished, or, as we may rather say, destroyed, since Punishment supposes a judicial proceeding, which this act shuts out. As to the innocent suffering equally with the guilty in general calamities, the persons so suffering are but comparatively innocent, and their personal transgressions against God deserve a higher Punishment than any which this life witnesses; this may also as to them be overruled for merciful proposes, and a future life presents its manifold compensations. The doctrine of which we are showing the difficulties, brings with it the repulsive and shocking opinion of the eternal Punishment of infants. In order, therefore, to avoid the fearful consequence of admitting the Punishment of beings innocent as to all actual sin, there is no other way than to suppose all children, dying in infancy, to be an elected portion of mankind, which, however, would be a mere hypothesis brought in to serve a theory without any evidence. But if the whole body of the reprobate are left to the influence of their fallen nature without remedy, they cannot be deterred from sin by threats of inevitable Punishment; nor can they ever submit to the dominion of the law of God: their doom is fixed and threats and examples can avail nothing
Kill, Killing - ...
Killing as Punishment for a Crime . Punishment was often regarded as God's vengeance on the crime. Capital Punishment was employed for the following criminal cases: intentional homicide (Exodus 21:12 ; Leviticus 24:17 ; Numbers 35:16-21 ), kidnapping (Exodus 21:16 ; Deuteronomy 24:7 ), prostitution by the priest's daughter (Leviticus 20:15-16 ), persistent disobedience against parents (Leviticus 20:9 ; Deuteronomy 27:16 ), apostasy from the Lord (Numbers 25:5 ; Deuteronomy 13:10 ), killing the king (2 Samuel 4:10-12 ), fratricide (Genesis 4:14 ; Exodus 21:14 ; Judges 9:56 ; 2 Samuel 14:7 ), child sacrifice (Leviticus 20:4 ; Heb
Micah - His prophecy consists of seven chapters, which may be divided into three discourses; each beginning with a summons to "hear"; each running through a triple cycle of themes, sin, Punishment, and the promise of Messianic Redemption
Micheas - His prophecy consists of seven chapters, which may be divided into three discourses; each beginning with a summons to "hear"; each running through a triple cycle of themes, sin, Punishment, and the promise of Messianic Redemption
Mithraism - Mithraists believed in the immortality of the soul, a place of Punishment for the wicked, and a place of immortal bliss for the just
Inquisition, the - The reformation of the heretic was first sought; by admonitions or slight Punishments the heretic was urged to give up his heresy. The Church's part ended here; the condemned were turned over to the civilgovernment for the Punishment provided in the civillaw
Burden - ...
The same Hebrew word is used in reference to a prophetic utterance describing a threat or Punishment on a nation or people
Eternal - "The use of aionios here shows that the Punishment referred to in 2 Thessalonians 1:9 , is not temporary, but final, and, accordingly, the phraseology shows that its purpose is not remedial but retributive
Reproach, Reproachfully - " To have no children was, in the Jewish mind, more than a misfortune, it might carry the implication that this was a Divine Punishment for some secret sin
Gad - Many years after we find mention made of him in connection with the Punishment inflicted for numbering the people (2 Samuel 24:11-19 ; 1 Chronicles 21:9-19 )
Restitution - Old Testament law established a principle of “punishment to fit the crime” (life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, wound for wound)
No - : the passage rather indicates the completeness of Egypt’s fall by the Punishment of the remote Thebes, which could not be accomplished till Lower Egypt was prostrate
Mufti - The authority of the Mufti is very great in the Ottoman empire; for even the sultan himself, if he will preserve any appearance of religion, cannot, without first hearing his opinion, put any person to death, or so much as inflict any corporal Punishment
Meet - The good man meets his reward the criminal in due time meets the Punishment he deserves
Fine - ) A sum of money paid as the settlement of a claim, or by way of terminating a matter in dispute; especially, a payment of money imposed upon a party as a Punishment for an offense; a mulct
Brother - ...
Matthew 5:22 (b) The teaching evidently is that if any person should mock at or scoff at a Christian who is seeking to live a separated life, and thereby fulfill GOD's will, that person is in danger of eternal Punishment because he sides in with Satan and takes sides against GOD
Ask - Often incorrectly translated "hell" in the KJV, she'ôl was not understood to be a place of Punishment, but simply the ultimate resting place of all mankind (Genesis 37:35)
Cover - To conceal from notice or Punishment
Age, - Eternity, in reference to the glory of God, to the blessing of the saved, and to the Punishment of the wicked, is again and again called the 'age of ages,' often translated 'for ever and ever:' all being consummated in the eternal state
Midian - About two hundred years after this, the Midianites, having recovered their numbers and their strength, were permitted by God to distress the Israelites for the space of seven years, as a Punishment for their relapse into idolatry
Cocceians - Cocceius also taught, that the covenant made between God and the Jews was of the same nature as the new covenant by Jesus Christ; that the law was promulgated by Moses, not merely as a rule of obedience, but also as a representation of the covenant of grace; that when the Jews had provoked the Deity by their various transgressions, particularly by the worship of the golden calf, the severe yoke of the ceremonial law was added as a Punishment; that this yoke, which was painful in itself, became doubly so on account of its typical signification; since it admonished the Israelites from day to day of the imperfection of their state, filled them with anxiety, and was a perpetual proof that they had merited the righteous judgment of God, and could not expect, before the coming of the Messiah, the entire remission of their iniquities; that indeed good men, under the Mosaic dispensation, were, after death, made partakers of glory; but that, nevertheless, during the whole course of their lives they were far removed from that assurance of salvation, which rejoices the believer under the dispensation of the Gospel; and that their anxiety flowed from this consideration, that their sins, though they remained unpunished, were not yet pardoned; because Christ had not as yet offered himself up to make an atonement for them
Soul - It threatens men only with Punishment in another life, and with the pains of hell
Jericho - When a man named Hiel later rebuilt the city, he suffered the Punishment announced by Joshua (1 Kings 16:34; cf
Hand - Punishment and affliction come from the hand of God (Exodus 9:3 ; Deuteronomy 2:15 ; Judges 2:15 ; 1 Samuel 7:13 ; 1 Samuel 12:15 ; Ruth 1:13 ). When used in reference to God, it symbolized God's warning and Punishment
Descent Into Hell (Hades) - Rather, it is the crucifixion—which the disciples actually saw and experienced in all of its horrorthat is developed in sacrificial language as the divine Punishment and saving event. The use of the word "hell" to denote the place of Punishment (Gehenna) is therefore inappropriate
Witness - To discourage people from making accusations secretly or lightly, the law required them, in certain cases, to participate publicly in the Punishment if the accused was found guilty (Deuteronomy 17:6-7). If the judges found that a witness had given false evidence, they inflicted upon him the Punishment that he had tried to bring upon the accused (Deuteronomy 19:16-21; cf
Perpetua, Vibia - After her condemnation Perpetua saw a vision of her brother Dinocrates, who had died when 7 years old, in Punishment, but after continuous prayer for him it was revealed to her that he was removed into a place of refreshment and peace. 9, where he maintains that Dinocrates was in Punishment for sins committed after baptism
Vengeance (2) - —The word ‘vengeance’ (ἐκδίκησις) occurs in Authorized and Revised Versions of the Gospels only in Luke 21:22, where it refers to God’s providential Punishment of sin. In ‘avenge’ the idea of the justice of the redress or Punishment is prominent. In ‘revenge,’ on the other hand, the predominant thought is that of the infliction of Punishment or pain, not necessarily unjust, for the gratification of resentful or malicious feelings (note, e. If the teaching of Christ seem at first sight impracticable, destructive of moral order, and delivering wrong-doers from the fear of Punishment, the answer to these objections is not far to seek
Fire - -(a) In this section may be grouped passages in which fire is simply an indication of the Divine presence, or symbol of Divine attributes other than those specially displayed in the Punishment of sin. The ‘flame of fire,’ an expression containing a reminiscence of OT theophanies of judgment, is the element or medium by which the glory of Christ is revealed at His Return, not the means by which He inflicts Punishment on the wicked. Fire as an instrument of Divine Punishment. ...
(γ) The only parallel to the expression Eternal Fire, used in the Synoptic Gospels to denote the future Punishment of the wicked, is found in Judges 1:7, where the writer declares that the cities of the Plain are ‘set forth as an example, suffering the vengeance (Revised Version ‘punishment’) of eternal fire’ (πῦρ αἰώνιον). ’ An alternative rendering to that of the Authorized Version and Revised Version , takes δεῖγμα with πυρός in the sense of ‘an example (or ‘testimony’) of eternal fire,’ the Punishment which began with the destruction of the cities, and still continues, fitting them to serve as such example. Thus the temporal destruction by fire of Sodom and Gomorrah is interpreted as an eternal Punishment by fire beyond the grave. ...
(δ) In the Apocalypse the Lake of Fire is the place of final Punishment to which are consigned (1) the Beast and the False Prophet (Revelation 19:20), (2) Satan (Revelation 20:10) (3) Death and Hades (Revelation 20:14), (4) the dupes of Satan, whose names are not written in the Book of Life (Revelation 20:15; cf. During this period the writers of the apocalypses sought relief from the glaring anomaly presented by the contrast between character and condition in the present life, by transferring the scene of rewards and Punishments to the world beyond the grave. Bisset) ‘Eternal Punishment’ (W
Fire - -(a) In this section may be grouped passages in which fire is simply an indication of the Divine presence, or symbol of Divine attributes other than those specially displayed in the Punishment of sin. The ‘flame of fire,’ an expression containing a reminiscence of OT theophanies of judgment, is the element or medium by which the glory of Christ is revealed at His Return, not the means by which He inflicts Punishment on the wicked. Fire as an instrument of Divine Punishment. ...
(γ) The only parallel to the expression Eternal Fire, used in the Synoptic Gospels to denote the future Punishment of the wicked, is found in Judges 1:7, where the writer declares that the cities of the Plain are ‘set forth as an example, suffering the vengeance (Revised Version ‘punishment’) of eternal fire’ (πῦρ αἰώνιον). ’ An alternative rendering to that of the Authorized Version and Revised Version , takes δεῖγμα with πυρός in the sense of ‘an example (or ‘testimony’) of eternal fire,’ the Punishment which began with the destruction of the cities, and still continues, fitting them to serve as such example. Thus the temporal destruction by fire of Sodom and Gomorrah is interpreted as an eternal Punishment by fire beyond the grave. ...
(δ) In the Apocalypse the Lake of Fire is the place of final Punishment to which are consigned (1) the Beast and the False Prophet (Revelation 19:20), (2) Satan (Revelation 20:10) (3) Death and Hades (Revelation 20:14), (4) the dupes of Satan, whose names are not written in the Book of Life (Revelation 20:15; cf. During this period the writers of the apocalypses sought relief from the glaring anomaly presented by the contrast between character and condition in the present life, by transferring the scene of rewards and Punishments to the world beyond the grave. Bisset) ‘Eternal Punishment’ (W
Leprosy - This disease was regarded as an awful Punishment from the Lord (2 Kings 5:7 ; 2 Chronicles 26:20 )
Recompence, Recompense - 2), "a recompence," is used (a) of reward, Hebrews 10:35 ; 11:26 ; (b) of Punishment, Hebrews 2:2
Patience - Those who respond to his patience in faith and repentance receive his forgiveness; those who despise or ignore it fall under his Punishment (Exodus 34:6-7; Romans 2:3-4; Romans 9:22; 1 Timothy 1:16; 2 Peter 3:9)
Satan - "By collecting the passages, " says Cruden, "where Satan, or the devil, is mentioned, it may be observed, that he fell from heaven with all his company; that God cast him down from thence for the Punishment of his pride; that, by his envy and malice, sin, death, and all other evils, came into the world; that, by the permission of God, he exercises a sort of government in the world over his subordinates, over apostate angels like himself; that God makes use of him to prove good men and chastise bad ones; that he is a lying spirit in the mouth of false prophets, seducers, and heretics; that it is he, or some of his, that torment or possess men; that inspire them with evil designs, as he did David, when he suggested to him to number his people; to Judas, to betray his Lord and Master; and to Ananias and Sapphira, to conceal the price of their field
Reward - (Concerning rewards for wrongdoing see Punishment
Naaman - Harlot - ...
By divine retribution in kind Israel's sin was made its Punishment: "My people have gone a whoring (spiritually as well as literally) from under their God
Tree - In classical Greek ξύλον means wood cut, timber (as in 1 Corinthians 3:12, Revelation 18:12); an instrument of Punishment, resembling the pillory (Herod
Cocceians - In consequence of this general principle, he maintained that the ten commandments were promulgated by Moses, not as a rule of obedience, but as a representation of the covenant of grace...
that when the Jews had provoked the Deity by their various transgressions, particularly by the worship of the golden calf, the severe and servile yoke of the ceremonial law was added to the decalogue, as a Punishment inflicted on them by the Supreme Being in his righteous displeasure...
that this yoke, which was painful in itself, became doubly so on account of its typical signification; since it admonished the Israelites from day to day of the imperfection and uncertainty of their state, filled them with anxiety, and was a perpetual proof that they had merited the righteous displeasure of God, and could not expect before the coming of the Messiah the entire remission of their iniquities...
that indeed good men, even under the Mosaic dispensation, were immediately after death made partakers of everlasting glory; but that they were nevertheless, during the whole course of their lives, far removed from that firm hope and assurance of salvation, which rejoices the faithful under the dispensation of the Gospel...
and that their anxiety flowed naturally from this consideration, that their sins, though they remained unpunished were not pardoned; because Christ had not as yet offered himself up a sacrifice to the Father, to make an entire atonement for them
Reproof - ) by chastening or Punishment (Hebrews 12:5; cf
Neighbor - Refusing to respect the rights of a neighbor constituted moral disintegration and provoked Punishment on the nation (Isaiah 3:5 ; Jeremiah 9:4-9 ; Micah 7:5-6 )
Requirement - God even requires Punishment of a prophet who fails to warn sinners (Ezekiel 3:18,20 ; 33:6,8 )
Gentiles - The times of the gentile monarchies answer to Israel's seven times Punishment (Leviticus 26:18; Leviticus 26:21-24)
Bands - ...
Psalm 73:4 (c) We learn from this that many wicked men die in peace with no fear of GOD, and no fear of Punishment
Arms - It is used to express Punishment from God, Lamentations 2:4 ; Lamentations 3:12 ; and of men to show their power to injure
Stones - They were used in the Punishment of stoning
Sleep (And Forms) - Their bodies are raised in the resurrection, but only for Punishment and to be sent away into the outer dark
Absalom - The latter advised Absalom to go in publicly to the concubines of David who were left at Jerusalem, that all hopes of a reconciliation might be abandoned — though this had been foretold as a Punishment to David
Aaron - Leaning, as he seems to have done, wholly on Moses, it is not strange that he should have shared his sin at Meribah and its Punishment
Ahab - As a judgment, a drought was sent upon the land; and then came the solemn vindication of Jehovah's authority by the prophet Elijah before Ahab and the assembled people, and the Punishment, according to the law of Moses, of the idolatrous prophets
Resurrection of the Dead - But they shall be raised, not to be glorified with Christ, but to be judged by him, and sentenced to eternal Punishment, Daniel 12:2 John 5:28,29 compared with Matthew 28:20 Acts 24:15
Expiation - An act by which satisfaction is made for a crime and the liability to Punishment for it is cancelled
Joab - Thus Punishment for the murders he had committed, though long delayed, fell now in righteous judgement upon him
Ancestors - ...
God’s faithfulness to believing ancestors should be an encouragement (Psalms 22:4; Luke 1:72-73), his Punishment on unbelievers a warning (Numbers 32:7-8; Zechariah 1:4-5)
Evil - It is deeply ingrained in the Bible that physical evils have been used by God for the Punishment of individual and national wickedness. This does not mean that all physical evils are the Punishment of physical sins
Job - The friends of Job argue that his remarkable afflictions must have been sent in Punishment of highly aggravated transgressions, and urge him to confession and repentance. The pious patriarch, conscious of his own integrity and love to God cast down and bewildered by his sore chastisements, and pained by the suspicions of his friends, warmly vindicates his innocence, and shows that the best of men are sometimes the most afflicted; but forgets that his inward sins merit far heavier Punishment, and though he still maintains faith in God, yet he charges Him foolishly
Leviticus - ...
An historical section (8-10), giving an account of the consecration of Aaron and his sons (8); Aaron's first offering for himself and the people (9); Nadab and Abihu's presumption in offering "strange fire before Jehovah," and their Punishment (10)
Foot - For both the Israelites and the Romans, Punishment might include binding the feet in stocks (Job 13:27 ; Acts 16:24 )
Bithynia - I asked them, Were they Christians? On their confessing it, I asked them a second and third time, threatening Punishment
Rebekah - All compromises of truth, through fear of man (Proverbs 29:25), bring their own Punishment
Hang - ) To put to death by suspending by the neck; - a form of capital Punishment; as, to hang a murderer
Pride - We should consider also, what Punishment this sin has brought on mankind
Blood - Guilt, and Punishment
Raca - The Jews had three different sorts of Punishment
Abomination of Desolation - ...
The divine law is that where the church corrupts herself, the world, the instrument of her sin, is made also the instrument of her Punishment (Matthew 24:28; Revelation 17:3; Revelation 17:16)
Succoth - As then they classed themselves with the wicked, of whom thorns are the symbol, their retributive Punishment was to be chastised with thorns of the wilderness (the strongest thorns: Isaiah 5:6; Isaiah 27:4; Amos 1:3; 2 Samuel 23:6-7)
Forty Martyrs, the - Thereupon a new Punishment was devised
Gehazi - Dumbfounded he must have been to hear his Punishment from the lips of the prophet: ‘The leprosy, therefore, of Naaman shall cleave unto thee and unto thy seed for ever’ ( 2 Kings 5:20 ff
Swallow - It is an intelligent Punishment
Generation - Israel was warned to be faithful to the Lord, as the Punishment for disobedience would extend to the fourth “generation” ( Devil - The fall and Punishment of the devil is recorded
Elisha - Such profanity must have an instant significant Punishment
Judgment - A remarkable Punishment an extraordinary calamity inflicted by God on sinners
Murmuring - The verb is used in the same connexion in 1 Corinthians 10:10 -‘Neither murmur ye, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer,’ the allusion being apparently to the rebellion of Korah against the authority of Moses and Aaron, which was followed by the Punishment of violent death (Numbers 16)
Suffer - ...
A — 9: ὑπέχω (Strong's #5254 — Verb — hupecho — hoop-ekh'-o ) "to hold under" (hupo, "under," echo, "to have or hold"), is used metaphorically in Jude 1:7 of "suffering" Punishment. (10) In 2 Thessalonians 1:9 , RV, tino, "to pay a penalty," is rendered "shall suffer (punishment)
Captives - This custom was not, perhaps, commonly practised by the people of God, in their wars with the nations around them; but one instance is recorded in the life of David, who inflicted this Punishment on the Moabites: "And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive: and so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts," 2 Samuel 8:2 . But the most shocking Punishment which the ingenious cruelty of a haughty and unfeeling conqueror ever inflicted on the miserable captive, is described by Virgil in the eighth book of the AEneid; and which even a Roman, inured to blood, could not mention without horror:—...
"Quid memorem infandas caedes? quid facta tyranni," &c
Atonement - Nowhere does Scripture assert that the Father had a purpose of burning wrath against the world, which was changed by the interposition of the Son, on whom it lighted, so that, satiated by his Punishment, he spared mankind. As no other sacrifice of like value could be found, proof was given to the universe that sin was the most disastrous evil, and that its "punishment was not the arbitrary act of an inexorable judge, but the unavoidable result of perfect holiness and justice, even in a Being of infinite mercy
Apocalyptic Literature - 1 36 deal chiefly with the portrayal of the Punishment to be awarded the enemies of the Jews and sinners generally on the Day of Judgment. The eschatology of these chapters is somewhat sensuous as regards both the resurrection and rewards and Punishments. In them we have probably the oldest piece of Jewish literature touching the general resurrection of Israel and representing Gehenna as a place of final Punishment (see Gehenna). 2), the Day of Judgment, and the Punishment of the wicked in hell. While there is Punishment of the wicked, and particularly of evil spirits and the enemies of Israel, the Judgment is not thoroughly correlated with a general eschatological scheme. Certain passages would seem to imply a resurrection of the dead and a renewing of all creation along with the endless Punishment of the wicked. In it the Punishment of the enemies of the Jews is elaborately foretold, as are also the future and the Messianic Judgment
Heresy - " ...
Very contrary this to the usage of the first general councils, which defined all heretical doctrines with the utmost precision and exactness, and what ought to have alleviated the Punishment, the uncertainty of the crime, seems to have enhanced it in those days of blind zeal and pious cruelty. ...
Hence the capital Punishments inflicted on the ancient Donatists and Manichaeans by the emperors Theodosius and Justinian; hence, also, the constitution of the emperor Frederic, mentioned by Lyndewode, adjudging all persons, without distinction, to be burnt with fire, who were convicted of heresy by the ecclesiastical judge. The immediate event of this constitution serves to illustrate at once the gratitude of the holy see, and the just Punishment of the royal bigot; for, upon the authority of this very constitution, the pope afterwards expelled this very emperor Frederic from his kingdom of Sicily, and gave it to Charles of Anjou. ...
Every thing is now less exceptionable, with respect to the spiritual cognizance and spiritual Punishment of heresy; unless, perhaps, that the crime ought to be more strictly defined, and no prosecution permitted, even in the ecclesiastical courts, till the tenets in question are by proper authority previously declared to be heretical
Evil (2) - Jesus, however, strongly protested against the idea that every calamity is to be regarded as a Punishment for individual sin. His final Punishment has been determined, and it will be fully adequate to his delinquency (Matthew 25:41). It may, perhaps, be argued from John 9:1-3, that He would not have approved of any theory of original sin which regarded men as obnoxious to Punishment from God merely because of an ancestral taint that they could not help inheriting. Sin and Eternal Punishment
Mark - The ringleaders were marked out for seizure and Punishment
Midianite - Their apostasy brought upon them a severe Punishment
Asher - Selfishness and faint heartedness in the Lord's cause became their own Punishment
Eli - The transfer was foretold to Eli by the unnamed man of God first, and by the child Samuel next (1 Samuel 2:3): a Punishment from God, because though Eli reproved his wicked sons Hophni and Phinehas in word he did not in act, put forth his authority as a judge to punish, coerce, and depose them, "because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not
Remnant - The prophet is convinced that the Assyrians, the instruments of God’s Punishment, will overthrow not only Samaria but Jerusalem
Die - In theology, to perish everlastingly to suffer divine wrath and Punishment in the future world
Fear - ...
The fear which ‘hath Punishment’ (1 John 4:18 ) is the result of sin ( Genesis 3:10 )
Mithra - Among the more prominent are: December 25 the god's birthday, Sunday the holy day, baptism, a sacred meal, categorical ethics, belief in a final judgment with eternal life for the righteous and Punishment for the wicked, and that the world would finally be destroyed by fire
Eagle - ...
Proverbs 30:17 (a) By this figure we are informed that this particular type of sinner may not die a natural death, but will be subject to an unusual Punishment which is unnatural
Serve - time of Punishment; as, to serve a term in prison
Antinomians - For instance; when they have asserted justification to be eternal, without distinguishing between the secret determination of God in eternity, and the execution of it in time; when they have spoken lightly of good works, or asserted that believers have nothing to do with the law of God, without fully explaining what they mean: when they assert that God is not angry with his people for their sins, nor in any sense punishes them for them, without distinguishing between fatherly corrections and vindictive Punishment: these things, whatever be the private sentiments of those who advance them, have a tendency to injure the minds of many
Judge - To doom to Punishment to punish
Curse - ...
God’s curse on people or things was more than a pronouncement of devastating judgment; it was a Punishment on sin (Genesis 3:14; Proverbs 3:33; Daniel 9:11; Matthew 25:41; Mark 11:14; Mark 11:20-21; Hebrews 6:7-8)
Blood - The actual blood shed by Abel and lying on the ground called loudly for the Punishment of the murderer. ...
Leviticus 20:9 (a) Here is pictured the fact that GOD will fasten upon the guilty person his guilt and his Punishment
Samuel, Second Book of - Hanun, king of the Ammonites, by insulting the ambassadors sent to him in kindness by David, drew upon the Ammonites sore Punishment, and upon the Syrians who went to their aid: a vivid illustration of the solemn fact that those who refuse grace will be dealt with in judgement...
2 Samuel 11 ; 2 Samuel 12 record the sad story of David's sin respecting Bathsheba, and the way he brought about the death of her husband. The Punishment foretold by Nathan had come to pass, but God had mercy on His anointed; the counsels of Ahithophel are turned to foolishness, and Absalom meets the end he deserved. Three Punishments were offered to David by the mouth of the prophet, and he chose to fall "into the hand of the Lord, for his mercies are great
Law - although we must abide by it, together with the whole preceptive word of God, as the rule of our conduct, Romans 3:31 Laws, directive, are laws without any Punishment annexed to them. All the laws of God are and cannot but be penal, because every breach of his law is sin, and meritorious of Punishment
Synagogue - On such occasions, the sentence given against the offender was sometimes, after the manner of prompt Punishment still prevalent in the East, carried into effect in the place where the council was assembled. To be "put out of the synagogue," or excommunicated from the Jewish church and deprived of the national privileges, was Punishment much dreaded, John 9:22 12:42 16:2
Judgment Damnation - The theatre of judgment is this earth: of reward or Punishment beyond death the prophets know nothing. Sometimes, however, Sheol, into which the dead descend, is itself transformed into a place of Punishment, so that to be left there does not mean annihilation (Eth. -So far as its outward form is concerned, Jesus’ conception of judgment and Punishment is wholly on apocalyptic lines. If His conception of the Judgment and of Punishment is in formal respects that of Jewish apocalyptic, the spirit of which it is the vehicle is all His own. And what is true of Jesus’ teaching about judgment is true also of His teaching about Punishment. The wicked simply disappear from the scene, the nature and term of their Punishment being left shrouded in obscurity. Sin’s real Punishment is not physical death or even suffering, but exclusion from the higher life that comes into being through the birth from above. ...
But notwithstanding this spiritualizing train of thought, the traditional apocalyptic notions-the Parousia, a resurrection of the just and unjust, final judgment by Christ and eternal Punishment for the lost-succeeded in maintaining themselves in the Church’s faith
Plagues of Egypt - This progressive Punishment of the Lord, even upon his own people, is set forth in the most finished representation. )...
In the third plague, that of lice, the Punishment is heightened. " (Romans 8:22) The earth bore part in the curse for man's disobedience; hence therefore in man's redemption, of which the bringing Israel out of Egyptian bondage is a type, the inferior creatures are made to bear part in Punishment. When Moses afterwards in the wilderness was admonishing Israel to be cautious of offending the Lord, and threatening Punishment to their rebellion, he adverts to those boils as among the most dreadful of divine visitations
Court Systems - The elders would serve as witnesses to a transaction (Deuteronomy 25:5-10 ; Ruth 4:1-12 ), decide guilt or innocence (2 Samuel 21:1-14 ; Deuteronomy 22:13-21 ; Joshua 20:1-6 ), or execute the Punishment due the guilty party (Deuteronomy 22:13-21 ; Deuteronomy 25:1-3 ). The initial attempts at negotiation were rebuffed when the men of Benjamin refused to hand over the guilty persons for Punishment. The judges were responsible to administer Punishment, often with the whole community participating (Deuteronomy 21:21 )
Widow - Widows from their poverty and unprotectedness, are regarded in OT as under the special guardianship of God ( Psalms 68:6 ; Psalms 146:9 , Proverbs 15:25 , Deuteronomy 10:18 , Jeremiah 49:11 ); and consequently due regard for their wants was looked upon as a mark of true religion, ensuring a blessing on those who showed it ( Job 29:13 ; Job 31:16 , Isaiah 1:17 , Jeremiah 7:6-7 ; Jeremiah 22:3-4 ); while neglect of, cruelty or injustice towards them were considered marks of wickedness meriting Punishment from God ( Job 22:9-10 ; Job 24:20-21 , Psalms 94:6 , Isaiah 1:23 ; Isaiah 10:2 , Zechariah 7:10 ; Zechariah 7:14 , Malachi 3:5 )
Fornication - ...
The Book of Revelation also says much about fornication, condemning those guilty to eternal Punishment (Revelation 2:21-22 )
Intermediate State - In this condition God keeps the wicked in a state of Punishment until the time of final judgment (2 Peter 2:9 )
Blasphemy - ...
So the fulfillment of the prophecy (contrary to what might have been expected, seeing that crucifixion was not a Jewish Punishment) was brought about, "they pierced My hands and My feet" (Psalms 22:16; compare John 18:31-32; John 19:6-7)
Hate, Hatred - Although some of the psalms may sound vindictive, they leave Punishment of the wicked to God's prerogative
Heaven - The second heaven in later Jewish thought was regarded as the abode of evil spirits and angels awaiting Punishment
Wisdom, the, of Solomon, - The second part, again, follows the action of wisdom summarily, as preserving God's servants, from Adam to Moses, and more particularly in the Punishment of the Egyptians and Canaanites
Hiram - ...
Tyre is threatened with Punishment for delivering the Jewish captives to Edom, and not remembering "the brotherly covenant," namely, between Hiram and David and Solomon
Town-Clerk - So in Ephesus and elsewhere the local officials were most careful to avoid Punishment from the Roman authorities on account of assemblies illegally summoned
Harvest - Israel turned away from the Lord and suffered a Punishment like a harvest
Stealing - Paul’s words to Philemon (Acts 5:18-19)-‘if he hath wronged thee at all, or oweth thee aught, put that to mine account … I will repay it’-seems to be that Onesimus had been guilty of some theft, and had fled to escape Punishment
Sin Offering - " Leviticus 4:2, in contrast to presumptuous sins entailing (ipso facto, whether the crime incurred civil Punishment or not) the being cut off (1619169446_41; Psalms 19:12-13; Hebrews 10:26-27; Proverbs 2:13-15; Exodus 31:14; Leviticus 7:20; Matthew 12:31; 1 John 5:16; Acts 3:17; Ephesians 4:18; 1 Peter 1:14; Luke 12:48)
Abaddon - literature, however, when Sheol had come to be recognized as a sphere of moral distinctions and consequent retribution, Abaddon is represented as one of the lower divisions of Sheol and as being the abode of the wicked and a place of Punishment
Child - Hence Abraham, the great father the faithful, when the Lord promised, that he himself would be his shield, and his exceeding reward, said, Lord God, "what wilt thou give me seeing I go childless?" (Genesis 15:1-2) And the Punishment the Lord appointed to unnatural alliances, was to bear their sins in dying childless
Lamentations of Jeremiah - He could add that the Punishment of the daughter of Zion was accomplished, she should no more be carried away
Athens - Paul on this occasion; namely, that of inflicting extreme and exemplary Punishment upon any person who should slight the celebration of the holy mysteries, or blaspheme the gods of Greece
Mordecai - The book of Esther gives the whole history of Mordecai's elevation, the Punishment of Haman, and the wonderful deliverance of the Jews, in clear and regular narrative
Bind, Binding - , "to stretch forth" (pro, "forth," teino, "to stretch"), is used in Acts 22:25 , AV, "they bound;" RV, "they had tied (him) up," in reference to the preparations made for scourging, probably, to stretch the body forward, to make it tense for severer Punishment
Elijah - His bold faithfulness provoked the wrath of Ahab and Jezebel, especially when he threatened several years of drought and famine as a Punishment for the sins of Israel, B
Hinnom - ...
It seems clear that the later Jews borrowed their usage of the fire of the valley of Hinnom (Gehenna) to represent the Punishment of the wicked in the future world directly from two passages of Isaiah: "For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it," Isaiah 66:24
Hezeki'ah - For this Isaiah foretells the Punishment that shall befall his house
Worthy, Worthily - ...
B — 1: ἀξιόω (Strong's #515 — Verb — axioo — ax-ee-o'-o ) "to think or count worthy," is used (1) of the estimation formed by God (a) favorably, 2 Thessalonians 1:11 , "may count (you) worthy (of your calling)," suggestive of grace (it does not say "may make you worthy"); Hebrews 3:3 , "of more glory," of Christ in comparison with Moses; (b) unfavorably, Hebrews 10:29 , "of how much sorer Punishment;" (2) by a centurion (negatively) concerning himself, Luke 7:7 ; (3) by a church, regarding its elders, 1 Timothy 5:17 , where "honor" stands probably for "honorarium," i
Confession - ...
Confession of sins...
God is willing to forgive people’s sins, but he requires on their part repentance and faith; that is, he requires that they see their sin as rebellion against God, that they confess it to God as deserving his Punishment, that they turn from it decisively, and that they trust in God’s mercy to forgive them (Ezra 10:10-11; Psalms 32:5; Psalms 51:3-4; Matthew 3:6; Matthew 6:12; Luke 18:13; 1 John 1:5-10)
Eschatology - His victory will include the healing of the physical world, the destruction of death and the Punishment of Satan (1 Corinthians 15:25-26; Revelation 20:10; see NATURE; DEATH; SATAN)
Hell - The phrase "forever and ever " (eis tous aionas aioonoon ) occurs 20 times in New Testament: 16 times of God, once of the saints' future blessedness, the three remaining of the Punishment of the wicked and of the evil one: is it likely it is used 17 times of absolute eternity, yet three times of limited eternity?...
The term for "everlasting" (aidiois ) in Judges 1:6, "the angels who kept not their first estate He hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day," is from a word meaning absolutely "always" (aei ). To the bad Ηades was depicted as a place of Punishment, where God's wrath reached to the depths (Deuteronomy 32:22; Amos 9:2; Psalms 9:17; Psalms 49:14; Isaiah 14)
Covenant, Book of the - ’ Sometimes the form changes slightly; the crime and the Punishment attached to it are stated in the briefest possible way: e. Apart from retaliation there is no Punishment, except a pecuniary compensation
Land, Ground - As a Punishment, God cursed the ground where Cain was concerned so that it would no longer produce for him (Genesis 4:12 ). On the other hand, God's Punishment would also be over the whole inhabited earth
Hosea - Here again is found the conflict between the prophet's affection for the people, and the Punishment God was compelled to inflict. And here again, almost as soon as the Punishment is pronounced, God's thoughts of grace are uttered
Longsuffering - ’ Jeremiah 15:15 is no exception to this, for when the prophet here prays, ‘Take me not away in thy longsuffering,’ he relates the longsuffering to his persecutors, and expresses the fear that God’s deferring their Punishment may result in his own death. The difference between μακροθυμία and ἀνοχή (Romans 2:4; Romans 3:26) seems to be that in ἀνοχή the idea of the temporariness of the suspension of Punishment is given with the word as such, whereas μακροθυμία, so far as the word is concerned, might be never exhausted
Atonement - Is the satisfying Divine Justice by Jesus Christ giving himself a ransom for us, undergoing the penalty due to our sins, and thereby releasing us from that Punishment which God might justly inflict upon us, Romans 3:25-26 . The terrors of soul, the consternation and inward agonies which our blessed Lord sustained a little before his death, were a sufficient proof that he endured Punishment in his soul which were due to sin, Mark 14:33
Angels - Their Punishment and that of Sodom and Gomorrah is held up as a warning against fleshly indulgence, and despising government. Abaddon or Apollyon is the name of 'the angel of the bottomless pit,' Revelation 9:11 , that is, 'the abyss,' not hell, which, as seen above, is the place of Punishment
Assurance - In support of this view, the following remarks may be offered:—...
If it is the doctrine of the inspired records, that man is by nature prone to evil, and that in practice he violates that law under which as a creature he is placed, and is thereby exposed to Punishment;—if also it is there stated, that an act of grace and pardon is promised on the conditions of repentance toward God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ;—if that repentance implies consideration of our ways, a sense of the displeasure of Almighty God, contrition of heart, and consequently trouble and grief of mind, mixed, however, with a hope inspired by the promise of forgiveness, and which leads to earnest supplication for the actual pardon of sin so promised, it will follow from these premises—either,...
1. ...
An assurance, therefore, that the sins which are felt to "be a burden intolerable" are forgiven, and that the ground of that apprehension of future Punishment which causes the penitent to " bewail his manifold sins," is taken away by restoration to the favour of the offended God, must be allowed, or nothing would be more incongruous and impossible than the comfort, the peace the rejoicing of spirit, which in the Scriptures are attributed to believers
Prison - As a rule, prisons were intended not as places of Punishment for convicted criminals, but as places of detention for persons awaiting trial, or pending their execution. ’ The allusion in all these passages appears to be to the Book of Enoch, which represents the fallen angels as undergoing temporary Punishment (in Tartarus, xix
Adam - So far as the penalty is temporal and physical, no man is or can be exempt from it; but to remove the spiritual and eternal Punishment, Christ has died; and he who comes to him in penitence and faith will avoid the threatened death, and enter into life eternal, both of the body and the soul
Moon - Cautions against the worship of the moon, and Punishment by death for the convicted worshippers, are to be found in Deuteronomy 4:19 ; Deuteronomy 17:3 ; whilst a superstitious salutation of the moon by kissing the hand, not quite unheard of even in our own day, is mentioned in Job 31:26-27
Sheol - ...
To go to Sheol alive was regarded as a Punishment for exceptional wickedness (Psalm 55:15 ; Numbers 16:30 ,Numbers 16:30,16:33 where the earth swallowed Korah and his band alive)
Water - However, water is sometimes used in Punishment for sin, as with the flood of Noah's day (Genesis 6:17 ) or the drought proclaimed by Elijah (1 Kings 17:1 )
Fall of Man - , liability to Punishment, of that sin comes by imputation upon all men, because all were represented by Adam in the covenant of works (q
Elam - It had helped him against Judaea; hence God dealt retributively its Punishment by him with whom it bad transgressed
Humility - That our sins are numerous, and deserve the greatest Punishment, Lamentations 3:39 ...
4
Famine And Drought - ...
While the Bible states that some famines and droughts are the judgment of God (2 Samuel 21:1 ; 1 Kings 17:1 ; 2 Kings 8:1 ; Jeremiah 14:12 ; Ezekiel 5:12 ; Amos 4:6 ), not all such disasters are connected to divine Punishment (Genesis 12:10 ; Genesis 26:1 ; Ruth 1:1 ; Acts 11:28 )
Miriam - Miriam was the instigator, therefore on her alone fell the Punishment
Atonement - Our guilt is expiated by the Punishment which our vicar bore, and thus God is rendered propitious, i
Sheol - Hell, as a place of fiery Punishment, is the equivalent of the word gehenna
Heredity - This principle involves corporate guilt; which, though sometimes reduced to a pardonable weakness inseparable from flesh ( Psalms 78:39 ; Psalms 103:14 , Job 10:9 ), and therefore suggestive of heredity, yet, as involving Divine wrath and Punishment, cannot be regarded as a palliation of transgression ( Exodus 34:7 , Psalms 7:11 , Romans 1:18 )
Prostitution - Hosea criticized the attitude which called for the Punishment of prostitutes (and women committing adultery), while tolerating the men with whom these acts were committed (Hosea 4:14 )
Glory - As one confesses guilt and accepts rightful Punishment, one is called upon to recognize the righteousness and justice of God and give Him glory (Joshua 7:19 ; 1 Samuel 6:5 )
San'Hedrin - According to the Jerusalem Gemara the power of inflicting capital Punishment was taken away from this tribunal forty years before the destruction of Jerusalem
Restoration of Offenders - In the discipline of the Apostolic Church the restoration of the offender was the main idea and that of Punishment subordinate
Kindness - ...
In the second place, it is the believer who can truly celebrate God's kindness, even in areas of experience not directly related to salvation from the guilt and Punishment of sin
Obed Edom - His turning aside from the direct way to go to Obed Edom's house is accounted for by his sudden fear owing to the Punishment of Uzzah's presumption; he goes to a Kohathite Levite, one of the family especially appointed to bear the ark on their shoulders, and deposits the ark with him, conscious that he himself might have been punished for irregularity
Adam And Eve - Their ultimate Punishment was being driven from the garden (Genesis 3:22-24 )
Ai - Confession of sin and Punishment of offenders helped restore God's favor
Joab - So consistently loyal was Joab to the royal house (see Adonijah), that one is tempted to question whether the passage, 1 Kings 2:5-6 , which describes David’s ingratitude, is genuine; certain it is that if David really felt with regard to Abner and Amasa as he is described as feeling in this passage, it is surprising that he should have left to the wisdom of Solomon the duty of inflicting the Punishment due; Joab’s death would seem to have been due rather to his loyalty in supporting David’s rightful heir, Adonijah
Adultery - The word is also used in ancient customs for the Punishment or fine imposed for that offence, or the privilege of prosecuting for it. Modern Punishments, in different nations, do not seem to be so severe
Isaacus Antiochenus, a Priest of Antioch in Syria - 50 touches on future retribution: "The fault is temporal, the Punishment eternal
Man - ...
The soul of man being immortal, he still exists after death, and it is revealed in scripture that his body will be raised, and he will either be in eternity away from God in Punishment for the sins he has committed; or, by the grace of God, be in an eternity of happiness with the Lord Jesus through His atoning work on the cross
Cloud - 44:22, God says that after proper Punishment He will wipe out, “as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins
Gate - In this passage, all of the land of Israel is envisioned as a city at whose “gates” God gathers the offenders for trial, judgment, sentence, and Punishment
Abyss - Apparently the abyss was conceived of as the proper home of the devil and his angels, in the centre of which was a lake of fire reserved as the place of their final Punishment
Joash - It was not long before God inflicted on Joash the just Punishment of his ingratitude to Jehoiada, whose son he had so lately murdered
Beard - As they would think it a grievous Punishment to lose it, they carry things so far as to beg for the sake of it: "By your beard, by the life of your beard, God preserve your blessed beard
Fruit - " By fruit is sometimes meant reward: "They shall eat of the fruit of their own ways," Proverbs 1:31 ; they shall receive the reward of their bad conduct, and Punishment answerable to their sins
Deists - That there is a future state of rewards and Punishment
Beat - , "dermatology"), primarily "to flay," then "to beat, thrash or smite," is used of the treatment of the servants of the owner of the vineyard by the husbandmen, in the parable in Matthew 21:35 ; Mark 12:3,5 ; Luke 20:10,11 ; of the treatment of Christ, Luke 22:63 , RV, "beat," for AV, "smote;" John 18:23 ; of the followers of Christ, in the synagogues, Mark 13:9 ; Acts 22:19 ; of the Punishment of unfaithful servants, Luke 12:47,48 ; of the "beating" of Apostles by the High Priest and the Council of the Sanhedrin, Acts 5:40 ; by magistrates, 16:37
Moloch - The word gehenna is used in this way, namely, for the place of Punishment beyond the grave, very frequently in oriental writers, as far as India
Lay - ) To impose, as a burden, suffering, or Punishment; to assess, as a tax; as, to lay a tax on land
Liberty - ...
Liberty of the press, is freedom from any restriction on the power to publish books the free power of publishing what one pleases, subject only to Punishment for abusing the privilege, or publishing what is mischievous to the public or injurious to individuals
Ahab - )...
God used Elijah to tell Ahab of a drought that he was about to send as Punishment on the ungodly kingdom (1 Kings 20:13-140)
Amos - But after the Punishment of the captivity, God would restore the nation and bless its people again (9:11-15)
Jovinianus, Heretic - (5) There is but one grade of Punishment and one of reward in the future world
Adultery - ...
Old Testament regulations...
According to the law of Moses, the Punishment for adultery was death by stoning (Ezekiel 23:4-50; John 8:3-5)
Abyss - Apparently the abyss was conceived of as the proper home of the devil and his angels, in the centre of which was a lake of fire reserved as the place of their final Punishment
Satan - In this last character they are technically called “angels of Punishment” (53. Their Punishment is to be kept imprisoned in perpetual darkness. The time of their Punishment is to be the final judgment (cf
Eschatology - It is true that future rewards and Punishments after death do not play any particular rôle in either the codes or the prophetic thought. Punishment was generally considered as being meted out in the present age in the shape of loss or misfortune or sickness, while righteousness was expected to bring the corresponding temporal blessings. In the course of time, however, and with the enlarged moral horizon of prophecy, the import of this day with its Punishments was extended to the Hebrews as well. At its coming the Hebrew nation was to be given all sorts of political and social blessings by Jehovah, but certain of its members were to share in the Punishment reserved for the enemies of Jehovah. Except in the Hagiographa, however, the Punishments and rewards of this great judgment are not elaborated, and even in Daniel the treatment is but rudimentary. To this period must be attributed also the development of the idea of Sheol, until it included places for the Punishment of evil spirits and evil men. The method particularly suited the presentation of the Day of Jehovah, with its Punishment of Israel’s enemies. Rewards and Punishments become largely transcendental, or show a tendency towards transcendental representation. It should be added, however, that the eschatology of Jesus, once it is viewed from His own point of view, carries with it no crude theory of rewards and Punishments, but rather serves as a vehicle for expressing His fundamental moral and religious concepts. The rewards and Punishments of immortality have been utilized as motives for morality. The doctrine of the eternity of Punishment has been denied in the interest of so-called second or continued probation, restorationism, and conditional immortality
Soul - he that saves his life by denying me in time of persecution), shall lose it (by eternal Punishment in Gehenna); and he that loseth his soul for my sake (i. The gain or salvation of the soul means certainly its eternal happiness in heaven, and the loss or destruction of the soul, as certainly, not its annihilation, but its eternal Punishment in Gehenna. At death the disembodied soul passes to a ‘middle state’ (Hades), where, if righteous, it experiences rest and refreshment in ‘Abraham’s bosom,’ or ‘Paradise’; or, if unrighteous, expiatory Punishment (symbolized as a tormenting flame) in a limbus or ‘prison,’ which is separated by an impassable barrier from the abodes of the righteous. … [God’s]'>[3] Punishments Soul - he that saves his life by denying me in time of persecution), shall lose it (by eternal Punishment in Gehenna); and he that loseth his soul for my sake (i. The gain or salvation of the soul means certainly its eternal happiness in heaven, and the loss or destruction of the soul, as certainly, not its annihilation, but its eternal Punishment in Gehenna. At death the disembodied soul passes to a ‘middle state’ (Hades), where, if righteous, it experiences rest and refreshment in ‘Abraham’s bosom,’ or ‘Paradise’; or, if unrighteous, expiatory Punishment (symbolized as a tormenting flame) in a limbus or ‘prison,’ which is separated by an impassable barrier from the abodes of the righteous. … [God’s]'>[3] Punishments Expiation - a religious act, by which satisfaction or atonement is made for the commission of some crime, the guilt done away, and the obligation to Punishment, cancelled. It is enough to prove, that the grand and eminent sacrifices of the Jews were strictly expiatory, and that by them the offerers were released from Punishment and death, for which ends they were appointed by the Lawgiver. When we speak, too, of vicarious sacrifice, we do not mean either, on the one hand, such a substitution as that the victim should bear the same quantum of pain and suffering as the offender himself; or, on the other, that it was put in the place of the offender as a mere symbolical act, by which he confessed his desert of Punishment; but substitution made by divine appointment, by which the victim was exposed to sufferings and death instead of the offender, in virtue of which the offender himself was released. ) That in all lower cases to which the law had not attached capital Punishment, but pecuniary mulcts, or personal labour or servitude upon their nonpayment, this penalty was to be strictly executed, and none could plead any privilege or exemption on account of sacrifice; and that when sacrifices were ordained with a pecuniary mulct, they are to be regarded in the light of fine, one part of which was paid to the state, the other to the church. Blasphemy, idolatry, murder, and adultery, were the "presumptuous sins" which were thus exempted; and the reason will be seen in the political relation of the people to God; for in refusing to exempt them from Punishment in this world, respect was had to the order and benefit of society. The true question then is, whether such sacrifices were appointed by God, and accepted instead of the personal Punishment or life of the offender, which otherwise would have been forfeited, as in the other cases; and if so, if the life of animal sacrifices was accepted instead of the life of man, then the notion that "they were mere mulcts and pecuniary penalties" falls to the ground, and the vicarious nature of most of the Levitical oblations is established. He laid his hands upon the head of the animal, the symbolical act of transferring Punishment; then slew it with his own hand, and delivered it to the priest, who burned the fat and part of the animal upon the altar; and, having sprinkled part of the blood upon the altar, and, in some cases, upon the offerer himself, poured the rest at the bottom of the altar. " So clearly is it made manifest by these actions, and by the description of their nature and end, that the animal bore the Punishment of the offender, and that by this appointment he was reconciled to God, and obtained the forgiveness of his offences. Nor can it be urged that death is, in these instances, threatened only as the Punishment of not observing these laws of purification; for the reason given in the passage just quoted shows that the threatening of death was not hypothetical upon their not bringing the prescribed purification, but is grounded upon the fact of "defiling the tabernacle of the Lord which was among them," which is supposed to be done by all uncleanness, as such, in the first instance
Cross, Crucifixion - The most painful and degrading form of capital Punishment in the ancient world, the cross became also the means by which Jesus became the atoning sacrifice for the sins of all mankind. Later crucifixion developed into a form of capital Punishment, as enemies of the state were impaled on the stake itself. The Greeks and Romans at first reserved the Punishment only for slaves, saying it was too barbaric for freeborn or citizens. The Sanhedrin was no longer allowed to initiate capital Punishment; only the Romans could do so
Jonah - truth) appears in his so faithfully recording his own perversity and Punishment. Jonah reflected' Israel's backsliding and consequent Punishment; type of Messiah who bears our imputed guilt and its Punishment; compare Psalms 42:7; Psalms 69:1-2; John 11:50. Jonah in his thanksgiving notices that his chief Punishment consisted in the very thing which his flight had aimed at, being "cast out of God's sight" (Jonah 1:3; Jonah 2:4; Jonah 2:8; Jeremiah 2:13; Jeremiah 17:13)
Immortality - The judgment scenes of Revelation 20-22 display eternal life of bliss for believers and Punishment for the rest. At the same time Paul asserts that the wicked face continuing, conscious alienation from God and positive Punishment (2 Thessalonians 1:9 )
Galerius, Emperor - ROMANUS shews that, when directly appealed to, he felt bound to forbid the capital Punishment of even obstreperous Christians (Eus. ...
Thus did the dying persecutor try to pose as a kind reformer, and to lead the God of the Christians to remit his temporal Punishment
Didymus, Head of the Catechetical School - In his extant writings there is no assertion of Origenian views as to the pre-existence of souls, and he affirms, more than once, the endless nature of future Punishment; but seems to have believed that some of the fallen angels occupied a midway position between angels and demons, and would be ultimately forgiven. From the blame and Punishment attached to evil, he infers that Satan and his followers are not evil by nature; he discusses the terms "by nature children of wrath" (which he understands to mean "really children of wrath"), "children of this world," "son of perdition," "generation of vipers," with the aim of shewing that they do not contravene the great moral facts of free will and responsibility
Slave, Slavery - If the slave lingers a day or two before dying, the master is given the benefit of the doubt as to the cause of his death, and the loss of the slave is regarded as a sufficient Punishment ( Exodus 21:21 ). Here the Punishment ‘for the violation of a slave-girl was almost certainly a fine to be paid to the master, if we may judge from the analogous law in Exodus 22:16 = Deuteronomy 22:28 ; i. (3) From native Israelites who bad become enslaved as a Punishment for theft ( Exodus 22:1-4 ), whether for other crimes also is not stated; Josephus ( Ant
David - Having rescued Jerusalem out of the hands of the Jebusites, he made it the capital of his kingdom, and the place of his residence; and being willing to honour it with the presence of the ark of God, he brought it to Jerusalem in triumph, and divesting himself of his royal robes, out of reverence to God, he clothed himself in the habit of his ministers, and with them expressed his joy by dancing and music; contemned only by one haughty woman; whom, as a just Punishment of her insolence, he seems ever after to have separated from his bed. Though his crimes were heinous, and highly aggravated in the affair of Uriah and Bathsheba, he patiently endured reproof, humbly submitted to the Punishment appointed him, deeply repented, and obtained mercy and forgiveness from God, though not without some severe marks of his displeasure, for the grievous offences of which he had been guilty. When forced by it to depart from Jerusalem, a circumstance most pathetically described by the sacred historian, he prevented the just Punishment of Shimei, a wretch who cursed and stoned him
Adultery - ...
"By one of the clauses of the oath of purgation, (and had not the legislator been perfectly assured of this divine mission, the insertion of any such clause would have been a very bold step indeed,) a visible and corporeal Punishment was specified, which the person swearing imprecated on herself, and which God himself was understood as engaging to execute. To have given so accurate a definition of the Punishment that God meant to inflict, and still more one that consisted of such a rare disease, would have been a step of incomprehensible boldness in a legislator who pretended to have a divine mission, if he was not, with the most assured conviction, conscious of its reality. ...
"Seldom, however, very seldom, was it likely that Providence would have an opportunity of inflicting the Punishment in question
Jeremiah - Judah should therefore accept its Punishment and submit to Babylon. Jeremiah warned that they would not escape God’s Punishment by fleeing to Egypt, but, as always, the people refused to heed the message (Jeremiah 43:8-13; Jeremiah 44). The first concerns Judah’s widespread sin and its certain Punishment (7:1-8:17; 11:1-23; 16:1-17:13)
Elisha - We next read of his predicting a fall of rain when the army of Jehoram was faint from thirst (2 Kings 3:9-20 ); of the multiplying of the poor widow's cruse of oil (4:1-7); the miracle of restoring to life the son of the woman of Shunem (4:18-37); the multiplication of the twenty loaves of new barley into a sufficient supply for an hundred men (4:42-44); of the cure of Naaman the Syrian of his leprosy (5:1-27); of the Punishment of Gehazi for his falsehood and his covetousness; of the recovery of the axe lost in the waters of the Jordan (6:1-7); of the miracle at Dothan, half-way on the road between Samaria and Jezreel; of the siege of Samaria by the king of Syria, and of the terrible sufferings of the people in connection with it, and Elisha's prophecy as to the relief that would come (2 Kings 6:24-7:2 )
Forgive, Forgave, Forgiveness - In this latter respect the verb, like its corresponding noun (below), firstly signifies the remission of the Punishment due to sinful conduct, the deliverance of the sinner from the penalty Divinely, and therefore righteously, imposed; secondly, it involves the complete removal of the cause of offense; such remission is based upon the vicarious and propitiatory sacrifice of Christ
Belshazzar - To mark the inseparable connection of sin and Punishment, "the same hour" that witnessed his impious insult to Jehovah witnessed the mysterious hand of the unseen One writing his doom in full view of his fellow transgressors on the same palace wall which had been covered with cuneiform inscriptions glorifying those Babylonian kings
Baxterians - The actual forgiveness of sin as to the spiritual and eternal Punishment
Valentinianus (1) - 3) ordering the Punishment of their teachers and the confiscation of the houses where they instructed their pupils in Rome; for Manicheism seems at that time to have assumed the character of a philosophy rather than of a religion
Elam - Ezekiel pictured Elam in the pit (Sheol) where it experienced shame and Punishment for its destructive ways (Ezekiel 32:24 )
Mass - Inexhaustible also are its fruits as satisfaction for sins and Punishment due them, and for obtaining all benefits
Babylon - ...
Jeremiah sees the future destruction of Babylon as a Punishment because the Babylonians rejoiced at the destruction of Judah and ruthlessly plundered the people of God (50:11)
Hand - "Laying on of hands" was usual in blessing; as the Lord Jesus blessing the infants (Mark 10:16), Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 48:14); also in laying guilt and Punishment upon persons accused (Deuteronomy 13:9; Deuteronomy 17:7); also in constituting magistrates, as Moses did in appointing Joshua his successor (Numbers 27:18); also setting apart the Levites (Numbers 8:10)
Blasphemy - The legal Punishment for blasphemy was death ( Leviticus 24:16 ), and so the Jews claimed the life of Jesus, as the just and lawful outcome of His words and teaching ( John 19:7 , cf
Fine - A sum of money paid to the king or state by way of penalty for an offense a mulet a pecuniary Punishment
Honest - The dishonesty of Ananias and Sapphira meets with terrible Punishment (Acts 5)
Army - Though the Romans were God's rod to punish them, their stiff necks could not bow, nor receive the Punishment as from Jehovah
Thirteen - ...
de13 - The Punishment of the false prophet or the dreamer is described in this chapter
Isaacus, Donatist Martyr - Isaacus (21) , a Donatist who, together with Maximianus, met his death at Carthage in consequence of the cruel Punishment inflicted by order of the proconsul of Africa, a
Ambassage - When he returns he rewards the faithful and executes Punishment on the disloyal
Stone - Originally, stoning was a means of merely expelling the lawbreaker from the community; however, in ancient Israel it was a means of capital Punishment whereby the community could rid itself of the impure offender without coming into direct contact with him
Fire - Our Saviour makes use of this similitude, to represent the Punishment of the damned, Mark 9:44
First-Born - This was done as a reprimand, and a Punishment of his incestuous conduct, Genesis 35:22 ; but Reuben, notwithstanding, was enrolled as the first- born in the genealogical registers, 1 Chronicles 5:1
Kill - , separation from God, realized through the presentation of the commandment to conscience, breaking in upon the fancied state of freedom; the argument shows the power of the Law, not to deliver from sin, but to enhance its sinfulness; in 2 Corinthians 3:6 , "the letter killeth," signifies not the literal meaning of Scripture as contrasted with the spiritual, but the power of the Law to bring home the knowledge of guilt and its Punishment; in Ephesians 2:16 "having slain the enmity" describes the work of Christ through His death in annulling the enmity, "the Law" ( Ephesians 2:15 ), between Jew and Gentile, reconciling regenerate Jew and Gentile to God in spiritual unity "in one body
Oath - Hence atheists, who profess to believe that there is no God, and persons who do not believe in a future state of reward and Punishment, cannot consistently take an oath
Egyptians - Next to him is the god Typhon, as a hippopotamus — the Cerberus of the Greeks — accusing the deceased, and demanding her Punishment
Enoch Book of - Judgment is mediated now by angels of Punishment, now by the archangels, or the sword of the righteous or internecine strife, or by the Son of Man, or exercised immediately by God Himself. Darkness and chains and burning fire, valleys and the abyss, loom large in all descriptions of the place and mode of Punishment. Sin and Punishment will cease for ever (x. Next he sees a deep valley with open months, and angels of Punishment preparing instruments of Satan to destroy the kings and the mighty (liii. 3-6), after judgment by the Elect One (Leviticus 3, 4); angels of Punishment with scourged are seen proceeding to cast the Watchers’ children into the abyss (lvi. -Punishment by waters impending, promise of non-recurrence. 1-6) and adore the Son of Man; but are delivered to the angels for Punishment (lxii. ); the angels of Punishment hold the Flood in check (lxvi
Sanballat - Paul's Cathedral, class Oliver Cromwell with Alexander the Sixth and Richard the Third! To such lengths will a malevolent party spirit go even in the Christian pulpit!...
By the just and righteous ordination of Almighty God all our sins carry their own Punishment immediately and inseparably with them. And party spirit, being such a wicked spirit, infallibly inflicts a very swift and a very severe Punishment on the man who entertains it. What a terrible Punishment all that is, let him tell us who, before God, is keeping his heart clean of all that. ...
Another divine Punishment of party spirit is seen in the way that it provokes retaliation, and thus reproduces and perpetuates itself till the iniquity of the fathers is visited upon the children to the third and fourth generation of them that hate the truth and murder love
Stoning - Stoning is the only form of capital Punishment recognized in the Mosaic Law. The Pentateuch gives no details as to the manner in which the Punishment was to be carried out. Poucher, ‘Crimes and Punishments,’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) i. Mendelsohn, ‘Capital Punishment,’ in Jewish Encyclopedia iii
Excommunication - It seems not open to doubt that the Corinthians would understand by this phrase that the offender was to suffer disease and even death as a Punishment for sin; and Paul goes on to add that this Punishment of the flesh is intended to bring salvation ultimately to his soul (ἴνα τὸ πνεῦμα σωθῇ): by physical suffering he is to atone for his sin. This Punishment must not be confounded with the anathema of Romans 9:3, 1 Corinthians 16:22, Galatians 1:8-9
Trajanus, m. Ulpius - ...
After stating that, having never been present at trials of Christians, he was ignorant of the precise nature of the crime and the usual Punishment, and also how far it was the practice to pursue the inquiry, Pliny asks the emperor whether any distinction should be made on the ground of age; whether those who abjured Christianity should be pardoned, or a man who had embraced Christianity gain by renouncing it; whether the mere name apart from any crime or the crimes associated with the name should be punished? Provisionally he had taken the following course in the case of those charged before him with being Christians. "I demanded," he says, "of the accused themselves if they were Christians, and if they admitted it, I repeated the question a second and a third time, threatening them with Punishment; if they persisted, I ordered them to be led to execution. For I felt convinced that, whatever it might be they confessed they were, at any rate their unyielding obstinacy deserved Punishment
Esau - " Isaac, with the caprice of affection whereby the quiet, parent loves the opposite to his own character, "loved Esau because he did eat of his venison," his selfishness herein bringing its own Punishment. By feigning to be Esau, Jacob, at his mother's suggestion, stole the father's blessing which God would have secured to him without guile and its retributive Punishment, had he waited in simple faith
Zacharias - It was due to Elisabeth’s barrenness (Luke 1:7); and she keenly felt the reproach which it occasioned (Luke 1:25), for it was a common opinion among the Jews that childlessness was God’s Punishment for guilt. As soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he returned to his home; the tokens of his wife’s pregnancy soon added a sign of joy to the sign of Punishment which he bore about with him
Polygamy - In England, besides the nullity of the second marriage, it subjects the offender to transportation or imprisonment and branding for the first offence, and to capital Punishment for the second. "When we reflect, " says he, "that the primitive institution of marriage limited it to one man and one woman; that this institution was adhered to by Noah and his sons, amidst the degeneracy of the age in which they lived, and in spite of the examples of polygamy which the accursed race of Cain had introduced; when we consider how very few (comparatively speaking) the examples of this practice were among the faithful; how much it brought its own Punishment with it; and how dubious and equivocal those passages are in which it appears to have the sanction of the divine approbation; when to these reflections we add another, respecting the limited views and temporary nature of the more ancient dispensations and institutions of religion how often the imperfections and even vices of the patriarchs and people of God in old times are recorded, without any express notification of their criminality how much is said to be commanded, which our reverence for the holiness of God and his law will only suffer us to suppose were for wise ends permitted; how frequently the messengers of god adapted themselves to the genius of the people to whom they were sent, and the circumstances of the times in which they lived; above all, when we consider the purity, equity, and benevolence of the Christian law, the explicit declaration of our Lord and his apostle Paul respecting the institution of marriage, its design and limitation; when we reflect, too, on the testimony of the most ancient fathers, who could not possibly be ignorant of the general and common practice of the apostolic church; and, finally, when to these considerations we add those which are founded on justice to the female sex, and all the regulations of domestic aeconomy and national policy, we must wholly condemn the revival of polygamy
Denial - In the narrower and stricter sense, therefore, denial means public apostasy from faith in Christ, the guilt of which is visited with a Punishment in exact correspondence with it. The discourse in which the great warning against denial is found (Matthew 10:17-33), and which was addressed to the Twelve in view of their Apostolic mission after the Resurrection, evidences its lateness by the serious situation depicted, in which exposure to the severest forms of persecution is contemplated, including Punishment in the synagogues, arraignment before Gentile tribunals, and death itself
England - Thenceforth Catholic rites could be performed only in secret, and with severe Punishment if discovered. In the reign of Charles (1625-1649) Punishment was suspended and the number of English Catholic clergy was considerably increased
Patience - But it is also used of the patience or longsuffering of God, who delays the Punishment of sinners in order to give them time to repent (cf. In Romans 9:22 the idea of giving time for repentance is absent, and the word refers simply to God’s delaying Punishment
Patience - But it is also used of the patience or longsuffering of God, who delays the Punishment of sinners in order to give them time to repent (cf. In Romans 9:22 the idea of giving time for repentance is absent, and the word refers simply to God’s delaying Punishment
Restoration - ...
Our Lord is reported to have spoken of everlasting or eternal Punishment (κόλασιν αἰώνιον), apparently as the opposite of life everlasting or eternal (ζωὴν αἰώνιον, Matthew 25:46). The use of the same term αἰώνιος of both life and Punishment has inolined many to regard the passage as decisive on this momentous question; but the majority of modern scholars consider that the aeonian (literally ‘age-long’) life or suffering is to be understood as at least possibly terminable, and that the expression applied is qualitative rather than quantitative, referring to the relation of both life and death to God rather than to duration of time. It may also be said that even if the expressions are meant to refer to the endlessness of the Punishment or of the blessedness, they may properly be understood as a very strong assertion of the undoubted fact that the suffering that comes of sin is eternally, endlessly bound up with the sin, even as the blessedness of the righteous is necessarily involved in their obedience. See, further, Eternal Fire, Eternal Punishment. Alleviations of the idea of eternal Punishment such as that of ‘Conditional Immortality’ offend almost equally against the fundamental instincts of the human heart, which cannot think that the All-wise and All-loving has created any soul in His own image to prove but a waste and an abortion
Guilt (2) - GUILT is the state of the sinner before God, whereby, becoming the object of God’s wrath, he incurs the debt and Punishment of death. But it is doubtful whether the transition from the sickness of the body to that of the soul would have presented itself to the Hebrew in this form, and not rather through the conception of suffering as the Punishment of sin. The unquenchable fire is not merely the automatic result of sin bringing forth death, but Punishment inflicted by judicial sentence (Mark 9:43; Mark 9:48, Matthew 25:41). Death is not so much its consequence as its Punishment or wages (Romans 5:12, Romans 6:23), not following automatically, but inflicted by the sentence of an offended God (Romans 1:18, Ephesians 5:6, Colossians 3:6). The context shows that death is here regarded as a Punishment inflicted by God
Apocalyptic Literature - Punishment of the Wicked. He commands Gabriel to rouse the giants against each other; and, finally, he commands Michael to announce to Semjâzâ the sentence of Punishment, which is, that the fallen angels shall be kept enchained and imprisoned under the hills of the earth, waiting the last judgment, when they shall be cast into the fire (10). Enoch tells of a journey in which he learned of the places where thunders and lightnings originate, and saw the stream of Hades, the corner-stone and the pillars of the world, the seven mountains of precious stones, and the places of Punishment of the disobedient angels, i. He once more visits the place of Punishment of the condemned angels, and the nether world (21), consisting of four parts (22). The task of the pre-existing Son of Man is outlined (48, 49), and the happy consequences of the judgment for the pious, together with the Punishments of the wicked, and the resurrection of those who have died in righteousness (50, 51). The angels of Punishment go forth to do their work. Then comes the revelation to Noah of the fall of the angels, the Flood, his own preservation, the Punishment of the angels, and the judgment of men by the Son of Man (65–69)
Archangel - They include declaring edicts of God to a specific audience (Genesis 22:11-13 ), announcing special events (Genesis 16:7-12 ), protecting the faithful (individuals and groups; Exodus 14:19-20 ; Exodus 23:20 ; Psalm 91:11 ), and angels also serve as envoys of Punishment against the wicked and unfaithful (Psalm 35:5-6 )
Moloch - He made their sin their mode of Punishment; as they had done to the children, so he did to them
Die, Dead, Dying - , Matthew 9:24 ; Romans 7:2 ; by reason of descent from Adam, 1 Corinthians 15:22 ; or of violent "death," whether of men or animals; with regard to the latter it is once translated "perished," Matthew 8:32 ; of vegetation, Jude 1:12 ; of seeds, John 12:24 ; 1 Corinthians 15:36 ; it is used of "death" as a Punishment in Israel under the Law, in Hebrews 10:28 ; (b) of the separation of man from God; all who are decended from Adam not only "die" physically, owing to sin, see (a) above, but are naturally in the state of separation from God, 2 Corinthians 5:14
Season - , to harvest, Matthew 13:30 ; reaping, Galatians 6:9 ; Punishment, Matthew 8:29 ; discharging duties, Luke 12:42 ; opportunity for doing anything, whether good, e
Lion - , God would not threaten wrath if there were not; a guilty nation, its object (Matthew 24:28); "will a young lion cry out of his den if he (the old lion) have taken nothing?" The young lion lies silent until the parent lion brings the prey near, then the scent rouses him; so the prophet would not speak against Israel if God did not reveal to him Israel's sin requiring Israel's Punishment
Fire - Capital Punishment was occasionally made even more shameful by burning the body of the criminal after death (Leviticus 20:14 ; Leviticus 21:9 ; 2 Kings 23:16 )
Oaths - ‘God do so to me and more also if …’ ( 1 Kings 2:23 ); the Punishment called down in the case of the oath not being observed is left indeterminate in this form; this is to be explained from the fact that there was a fear lest the mention of the curse should ipso facto bring it to pass; it is a remnant of animistic conceptions ( i
Paulicians - But the cruel rage of persecution, which had for some years been suspended, broke forth with redoubled violence under the reigns of Michael Curopalates, and Leo the Armenian, who inflicted capital Punishment on such of the Paulicians as refused to return into the bosom of the church
Circoncelliones - They had invented an unheard-of Punishment, which was to cover with lime, diluted with vinegar, the eyes of those unhappy wretches whom they had crushed with blows and covered with wounds, and to abandon them in that condition
Zechariah, Book of - ...
In the first of the two longer messages given later in life, Zechariah speaks of the Punishment of enemies and the restoration of freedom
Lamentations, Book of - Description of Punishment for sins (Lamentations 1:1-17 )...
B
Obadiah, Book of - ...
The catalog of Edom's crimes (Obadiah 1:10-14 ) functions as the accusation which warranted God's verdict of Punishment
Samuel - God's initial word to Samuel concerned God's rejection of Eli's family from service as priests as Punishment for the sins of Eli's sons
Lie, Lying - 2 Kings 5:20-27 where Gehazi’s Punishment is the reward of his thoughtless levity at a time of national gloom, as well as of his deceitful conduct and words)
Measure - I enter not into the particulars of the law of nature, or its measures of Punishment yet there is such a law
Judgment - Paul sees a present judgment in the Punishment of the Corinthian church (1 Corinthians 11:29-32 )
Gaza - Three and four make seven, the number implying completion of the measure of guilt) I will not turn away the Punishment thereof, because they carried away captive the whole captivity (i
Oath - ...
The false witness was doomed to the Punishment due to the crime which he attested (Deuteronomy 19:16-19)
Brass (Brazen) - In this Scripture, the righteous judgment of GOD upon the sinner is pictured by the Punishment of the animal as a substitute
Burn - ...
Isaiah 10:17 (a) Here is described the Punishment which GOD would execute upon the King of Assyria
Vagabond - This name was given to Cain by the Lord himself; and it should seem that he, on whom the Lord pronounced the sentence, whatever it might in its fullest sense mean, felt the awfulness of it; for he mentions it with peculiar distress when declaring "his Punishment to be greater than he could bear
Abimelech - So it came to pass; for God makes in righteous retribution the instruments of men's sin the instrument also of their Punishment at last
Abner - David felt the sons of Zeruiah too strong for him to punish their crime; but, leaving their Punishment to the Lord, he showed every honor to Abner's memory by following the bier, and composing this dirge:...
"Ought Abner to die as a villain dies?Thy hands not bound,Thy feet not brought into fetters,As one falls before the sons of wickedness, so fellest thou!"...
The second and third lines are connected with the last, describing the state in which he was when slain
Beat - To strike repeatedly to lay on repeated blows, with a stick, with the hand or fist, or with any instrument, and for any cause,just or unjust, or for Punishment
Evil Spirits - ...
An evil spirit, therefore, wherever the phrase occurs in a personal sense in the earlier historical books of the OT, must be thought of simply as an angel or messenger of God, sent for the Punishment of evil (cf
Herod - Herodias voluntarily shared his "punishment, and he died in exile
Mennonites - They are, like the Society of Friends, utterly averse to oaths and war, and to capital Punishments, as contrary to the spirit of the Christian dispensation. The posterity of Adam derive no moral guilt from his fall: sin is personal, and the desert of Punishment cannot be inherited
Ezekiel - This obscurity arises, in part at least, from the nature and design of the prophecies themselves; they were delivered amidst the gloom of captivity; and though calculated to cheer the drooping spirits of the Jews, and to keep alive a watchful and submissive confidence in the mercy of God, yet they were intended to communicate only such a degree of encouragement as was consistent with a state of Punishment, and to excite an indistinct expectation of future blessings, upon condition of repentance and amendment
Bouddhists - The lowest state of existence is in hell; the next is that in the forms of brutes: both these are states of Punishment
Hosea - ...
Israel’s Punishment is therefore certain (9:1-17)
Sin - For example, in one verse three distinct words occur in connexion with Divine forgiveness (‘forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin ,’ Exodus 34:7 ), and though there is a certain vagueness in the precise meaning to be attached to each of these words, whether it be guilt or Punishment, rebellion or sin-offering, wickedness considered as a condition, or trespass, which is in the writers’ minds, the thoughts underlying each have to do with the relations between God and His people. The ‘trespass’ of Achan, involving as it did the whole of Israel in his guilt and Punishment, did not consist so much in his stealing of the common spoil taken from the enemy, as in his appropriating what was ‘holy,’ or ‘devoted’ unto the service of God ( Joshua 7:1 ; Joshua 7:11 ff. We are not, however, altogether limited to what is here inferentially taught as to national sin, with its consequent national Punishment. In the case of Bathsheba, which was a purely personal transgression, the prophet Nathan comes not only as the hearer of a message of Divine pardon to the repentant sinner, but also as the stern judge pronouncing sentence of severe and protracted Punishment
Cain (1) - "My Punishment is greater than I can bear" marks Cain's unhumbled spirit, regretting only the Punishment not the sin
Joel - Judah faced unparalleled prosperity, but Egypt and Edom (traditional enemies) could look for terrible Punishment (Joel 3:18-19 ). (3) Whereas the Jews considered the day of the Lord as a time of Punishment upon their enemies, Joel make it clear that although God controls the destinies of other nations, His people, with a responsibility to live in accordance with their relationship with Him, are not exempt from His vengeance
Separation - The infliction of censure or Punishment in the case of gross offenders was intended to have a healing effect, and instead of aiming at permanent exclusion from religious fellowship and privileges, had ultimate restoration to these in view. Eternal Punishment, Universalism
Angel - ...
The angel's function as messenger or agent of God is acted out in terms of proclamation: revealing the will of God and/or announcing key events (Genesis 19:1-22 ; Exodus 3:2-6 ; Judges 2:1-5 ; Judges 13:2-23 ); protection: ensuring the well-being or survival of God's people (Exodus 14:19-20 ; 1 Kings 19:1-8 ); and Punishment: enforcing the wrath of God on the wicked among the Jews and the Gentiles (Genesis 19:12-13 ; 2 Samuel 24:17 ; 2 Kings 19:35 ). ...
The basic tasks of proclamation, protection, and Punishment are again the focus (Matthew 1:20-24 ; Matthew 4:11 ; Acts 12:7-11 ) while references to the nature of angels are very brief
Callistus, Pope - The slave threw himself overboard in despair, but was picked up, and delivered to his master, who brought him back and put him to the pistrinum, or mill worked by the lowest slaves, for a Punishment. Some time after, proceeds Hippolytus, Marcia, the Christian mistress of Commodus, persuaded the emperor to grant an amnesty to Christians undergoing Punishment in Sardinia; and Callistus, at his own entreaty, was released, although his name was not on the list (supplied by the then bp
Necessitarians - That the Jews acted freely, is evident from their being held liable to Punishment, although unconsciously they accomplished the great designs of Heaven, which, however, was no excuse for their crime. " On the other hand, it is justly remarked, that "those who believe the being and perfections of God, and a state of retribution, in which he will reward and punish mankind according to the diversity of their actions, will find it difficult to reconcile the justice of Punishment with the necessity of crimes punished. And they that believe all that the Scripture says on the one hand, of the eternity of future Punishments, and on the other, of God's compassion to sinners, and his solemn assurance that he desires not their death, will find the difficulty greatly increased
Stone - At first an expression of popular fury ( Joshua 7:25 ), it was afterwards regulated by law as an appointed means of capital Punishment ( 1619169446_91 ; cf. See, further, Crimes and Punishments, § 10
Dark, Darken, Darkly, Darkness - 1); (c) of "blindness," Acts 13:11 ; (d) by metonymy, of the "place of Punishment," e
Saul, King of Israel - In Punishment God announced that one day he would take the kingdom from Saul and give it to another (1 Samuel 13:1-14)
Schism - "The sin of schism, " says the learned Blackstone, "as such, is by no means the object of temporal coercion and Punishment
Peter, Letters of - Then, in a strong denunciation of the false teachers, Peter describes their immoral character and announces their certain Punishment (2:1-22)
Reconciliation - In like manner, God's reconciling us to himself by the cross of Christ does not signify, as the Socinians contend, our being reconciled by conversion to a religious turn in our hearts to God, but is a reconciliation that results from God's graciously providing and accepting an atonement for us, that he might not inflict the Punishment upon us which we deserved, and the law condemned us to; but might be at peace with us, and receive us into favour on Christ's account
Elisha - His reputation soon assumed so sacred an aura that harassment of the prophet merited severe Punishment
Sad'Ducees - In connection with the disbelief of a resurrection by the Sadducees, they likewise denied there was "angel or spirit," ( Acts 23:8 ) and also the doctrines of future Punishment and future rewards. To attempt to chock the progress of this new religion among the Jews by an appeal to the temporary rewards and Punishments of the Pentateuch would have been as idle as an endeavor to check an explosive power by ordinary mechanical restraints. Consciously, therefore, or unconsciously, many circumstances combined to induce the Jews who were not Pharisees, but who resisted the new heresy, to rally round the standard of the oral law, and to assert that their holy legislator, Moses, had transmitted to his faithful people by word of mouth, although not in writing, the revelation of a future state of rewards and Punishments
Resurrection - Essentially the same body wherewith the unbeliever sinned shall be the object of Punishment (Jeremiah 2:10; Isaiah 3:9-11; Revelation 22:11-12; 2 Corinthians 5:10), "that every one may receive the things done by the instrumentality of ('dia ') the body
Hazael - Jehovah therefore threatened, and executed his threat, "for three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the Punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron; and I will send a fire into the house of Hazael," etc
Cain - But in its present form, the connexion of Cain with Adam and Eve suggests the thought of the terrible effects of the Fall: the next generation reaches a deeper degree of guilt; Cain is more hardened than Adam, in that he feels no shame but boldly tries to conceal his guilt; and the Punishment is worse Adam was to till the ground with labour, but Cain would not henceforth receive from the earth her strength
Curse - This is of frequent occurrence in OT, but in the Gospels no clear case is found, unless, indeed, under this head we include all the death-penalties of the Jewish law (Jn [1] 8:5), especially the Punishment attempted (John 8:59; John 10:31 ff
Bear - To suffer to undergo as, to bear Punishment
Felix - The investigation proved so damaging to Felix that ‘he had certainly been brought to Punishment, unless Nero had yielded to the importunate solicitations of his brother Pallas’ (Jos
Lord's Supper - Voluntary absence was considered as a culpable neglect; and exclusion from it, by the sentence of the church, as a severe Punishment
Thessalonians - Paul begins with the same salutation as in the former epistle, and then expresses his devout acknowledgments to God for the increasing faith and mutual love of the Thessalonians in the midst of persecution; he represents to them the rewards which will be bestowed upon the faithful, and the Punishment which will be inflicted upon the disobedient, at the coming of Christ, 2 Thessalonians 1; he earnestly entreats them not to suppose, as upon authority from him, or upon any other ground, that the last day is at hand; he assures them, that before that awful period a great apostasy will take place, and reminds them of some information which he had given them upon that subject when he was at Thessalonica; he exhorts them to steadfastness in their faith, and prays to God to comfort their hearts, and establish them in every good word and work, 2 Thessalonians 2; he desires their prayers for the success of his ministry, and expresses his confidence in their sincerity; he cautions them against associating with idle and disorderly persons, and recommends diligence and quietness
Romans - The Apostle, after expressing his affection to the Roman Christians, and asserting that the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation to all who believe, takes a comprehensive view of the conduct and condition of men under the different dispensations of Providence; he shows that all mankind, both Jews and Gentiles, were equally "under sin," and liable to the wrath and Punishment of God; that therefore there was a necessity for a universal propitiation and redemption, which were now offered to the whole race of men, without any preference or exception, by the mercy of him who is the God of the Gentiles as well as of the Jews; that faith in Jesus Christ, the universal Redeemer, was the only means of obtaining this salvation, which the deeds of the law were wholly incompetent to procure; that as the sins of the whole world originated from the disobedience of Adam, so the justification from those sins was to be derived from the obedience of Christ; that all distinction between Jew and Gentile was now abolished, and the ceremonial law entirely abrogated; that the unbelieving Jews would be excluded from the benefits of the Gospel, while the believing Gentiles would be partakers of them; and that this rejection of the Jews, and call of the Gentiles, were predicted by the Jewish Prophets Hosea and Isaiah
Salvation - But salvation, by way of eminence, is applied to that wonderful deliverance which our blessed Saviour procured for mankind, by saving them from the Punishment of their sins; and in the New Testament is the same as our redemption by Christ
Demon - They also knew that Punishment awaited them: for some asked if the Lord had come to torment them before the time
Passover - It is enough for us to be assured, that as Christ is called "our passover;" and the "Lamb of God," without "spot," by the "sprinkling of whose blood" we are delivered from guilt and Punishment; and as faith in him is represented to us as "eating the flesh of Christ," with evident allusion to the eating of the paschal sacrifice; so, in these leading particulars, the mystery of our redemption was set forth
Captivity - Their first captivity or bondage from which Moses delivered them was rather a permission of Providence than a Punishment for sin
Captivity - Their first captivity, however, from which Moses delivered them, should be considered rather as a permission of Providence, than as a Punishment for sin
Prison (2) - Grinding corn in a millhouse is a somewhat more humane Punishment than hard labour on the treadmill, and some of the tasks allotted to inmates of an ergastulum may have been no more disagreeable than picking oakum
Edom - Because of this violent hatred of the Israelite people, God assured Edom of a fitting Punishment (1619169446_30; Lamentations 4:21-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; Ezekiel 35:15; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:11-12)
Valerianus, Emperor - ) The Punishment for the clergy of every grade was death
Jeremiah, Theology of - This anger is not wrath on a rampage but a holy anger, for the nexus between sin and Punishment is unambiguous (4:18; 51:6). The oracles against the nations do not so much present the case for Punishment as they do the certainty and nature of God's judgment. God is depicted not as an umpire who upon determining that the covenant is broken heartlessly announces the Punishment. The prophet names the evil in the lives of these "dignitaries, " and calls down the consequent Punishment
Repentance - The result of such sorrow in the community is seen in the Punishment inficted on the guilty member; and once this has brought repentance to him also, he must be comforted by his fellow-believers, lest he be overwhelmed by his pain. If, on the other hand, this Punishment is ineffectual, more drastic treatment from the Apostle will be needed (2 Corinthians 13:2). If not, a sudden Punishment in each case is to fall on both the guilty church and the sinners harboured in it (Revelation 2:5; Revelation 2:16; Revelation 2:21; Revelation 3:3, etc. Divine Punishments for sin might well bring sorrow to the evildcer (James 5:1, Revelation 9:20-21; Revelation 16:9; Revelation 16:11 where the most drastic treatment meted out to the sinners in the world before the Parousia fails to produce repentance); but such sufferings as come to the Christian are lifted up into the rapture of communion with Christ (Colossians 1:24, 1 Peter 4:13)
Mission - ...
During the time of the judges, God's intervention to deliver Israel after a cycle of apostasy, Punishment, oppression at the hands of her enemies, and a cry for deliverance involved various missions. Samuel communicated to Saul his positive mission of deliverance, which took the form of Punishment of the Amalekites (15:18,20). Not only does the exalted Lord Jesus send his angel to reveal to John what shall occur at the end (Revelation 22:16 ), but, as the glorious, returning Son of Man, he will send angels both to gather the elect to himself (Matthew 24:31 ; Mark 13:27 ) and to gather out of his kingdom "everything that causes sin and all who do evil" and cast them into eternal Punishment (Matthew 13:41-42 )
Love - At the same time, because he is a God of love, he provides a way of salvation so that sinners need not suffer the Punishment themselves. He has done this by becoming a human being in the person of Jesus Christ and taking the Punishment himself on the cross (John 1:14-18; John 3:16; Romans 5:8; Galatians 2:20; 1 John 4:10; see ATONEMENT)
Stars - Caution is given against the worship of the stars, in the legislation of Deuteronomy ( Deuteronomy 4:19 ), and the Punishment of death assigned for the convicted worshipper (see Host of Heaven)
Gibeon - ...
Soon after the death of Absalom and David's restoration to his throne his kingdom was visited by a grievous famine, which was found to be a Punishment for Saul's violation (2 Samuel 21:2,5 ) of the covenant with the Gibeonites (Joshua 9:3-27 )
Micaiah - The words "thou shalt persuade and prevail also" show that the human will was left free; God makes one stage in the sinner's downward course the sequel and Punishment of the foregoing one; Ahab might have resisted the tempter
Beast - ...
The woman sitting on them is the church conformed to the world; therefore the instrument of her sin is retributively made the instrument of her Punishment (Ezekiel 23; Jeremiah 2:19; Revelation 17:16)
Anger - Strong emotional reaction of displeasure, often leading to plans for revenge or Punishment
Prostitution - Priests were held to a higher standard than non-priests for they could not marry harlots, although again, there was no specified Punishment for doing so (Leviticus 21:7,14 )
Adultery - But the divine principle is, when the church apostatizes from God to intrigue with the world, the world, the instrument of her sin, shall at last be the instrument of her Punishment
Jezebel - One result of this Punishment would be that all the Churches would recognize Jesus as the Searcher of the thoughts and wills
Lion - The allusion of the Apostle is to the Punishment of being thrown to the lions
Locusts - The former appear to have been instruments of God for man's Punishment
Act of Faith - (Auto da Fe, ) in the Romish church, is a solemn day held by the Inquisition for the Punishment of heretics, and the absolution of the innocent accused
Inquisition - In the church of Rome, a tribunal, in several Roman Catholic countries, erected by the popes for the examination and Punishment of heretics
Catharine, Martyr of Alexandria - For in Eusebius the emperor's exasperation is provoked, not, as in the legend, by a refusal to abjure Christianity and to sacrifice to his gods, but by a refusal to gratify his guilty passion; and the Punishment inflicted is merely exile, not torture and death
Excommunication - It was not, however, till churchmen began to unite temporal with spiritual power, that any penal effects of a civil kind became consequent on their sentences of excommunication; and that this ghostly artillery was not less frequently employed for the purposes of lawless ambition and ecclesiastical domination, than for the just Punishment of impenitent delinquents, and the general edification of the faithful
Condemn, Condemnation - 4, above, is "the sentence pronounced, the condemnation" with a suggestion of the Punishment following; it is found in Romans 5:16,18 ; 8:1
Locust - They were employed as one of the plagues for the Punishment of the Egyptians; and their visitation was threatened to the Israelites as a mark of the divine displeasure
War - One of the evil fruits of the fall, and an appalling manifestation of the depravity of mankind, Genesis 6:11-13 Isaiah 9:5 James 4:1-2 , often rendered apparently inevitable by the assaults of enemies, or commanded by God for their Punishment
Sacrament of Penance - Satisfaction, or the sacramental penance, since it is directed to the remission, not of sin, but of the temporal Punishment remaining after the forgiveness of sin, is only an integral part, i
Descent Into Hades - The apocryphal Book of Enoch records preaching of Punishment to fallen angels, but says nothing of a preaching of salvation to the souls of men
Marcianus, Flavius, Emperor of the East - Marcian, hearing of the outrages, wrote to the archimandrites, monks, and inhabitants of Jerusalem, rebuked them sharply, ordered the Punishment of the guilty, and placed a garrison in Jerusalem (Mansi, vii
Masona, Bishop of Merida - Masona lived to an honoured old age, procuring in his last hours the miraculous Punishment of his archdeacon Eleutherius, who had abused the powers entrusted to him by the failing bishop
Prochorus, a Deacon - In Punishment for a first refusal to go by sea John suffers shipwreck, but arrives safely at Ephesus, accompanied by Prochoros his disciple
Ezekiel, Theology of - On the other hand, if a righteous person falls away and behaves corruptly, the former Acts of righteousness will not protect that one from Punishment (vv. Rather, the point of Achan's Punishment was that he lost his place in the inheritance of the land of Israel. Had his family survived and taken a share in the land, then in their eyes he would have through his descendants evaded the real point of the Punishment. The guilt was his and the Punishment was directed toward him
Universalism (2) - But Tennyson’s In Memoriam (1849) has perhaps done more than any formal theological work to move opinion in this direction; and there has been a great break-up of the old unhesitating belief in literally unending Punishment. Maclaren), others a mitigated Punishment (F. Eternal Punishment had come to be the doctrine of the synagogue, and it passed into the NT with perhaps even sharper definition, as a witness to the unspeakable evil of sin. Paul’s teaching is eternal Punishment or rather a certain type of conditional-immortality doctrine
Forgiveness - In one case God forgave a nation other than Israel and did not bring the Punishment on it that he had planned. He does not deal with individual sin as it deserves, but forgives and mitigates Punishment. Although God removed the kingdom from his son as Punishment, Solomon was not judged according to the Torah, which required death for those who turned away from worshiping and serving God (Deuteronomy 17:2-7 ). Because Ahab repented God did not even bring Punishment on Ahab's house (1 Kings 21:27-29 ), as he had originally planned
Hosea - God is the agent of Punishment for His people (Hosea 5:8-14 ). The unfaithful will reap Punishment for their sins (1 Chronicles 27:20 )
Mill - This was succeeded by mills, similar to the hand mills formerly used in this country, of which there were two sorts; the first were large, and turned by the strength of horses or asses; the second were smaller, and wrought by men, commonly by slaves condemned to this hard labour, as a Punishment for their crimes. It displays, also, the vindictive contempt which suggested the Punishment of Samson, the captive ruler of Israel, that the Philistines, with barbarous contumely, compelled him to perform the meanest service of a female slave; they sent him to grind in the prison, Judges 16:21 , but not for himself alone; this, although extremely mortifying to the hero, had been more tolerable; they made him grinder for the prison, perhaps while the vilest malefactor was permitted to look on, and join in the mockery
Canaan - Various arguments have been adduced to justify the conquest of Canaan, and the extermination of its inhabitants by the Israelites; as, that the land had been allotted to Shem and his sons after the flood, and the sons of Ham were usurpers; that they first assaulted to the Jews; that Abraham had taken possession of the land ages before; that the Canaanites were akin to the Egyptians, and implicated in their guilt and Punishment as oppressors of the Hebrews. They were impressively taught that the wickedness of those nations was the reason of their Punishment, which the forbearance of God had long delayed, and which was designed as a warning to them and all mankind against idolatry and its kindred sins
Joab - He left the Punishment with the Lord (2 Samuel 3:39, compare 2 Samuel 19:7). The rebel son was slain by Joab himself, and Joab did not escape his own condign Punishment (Job 8:13-19)
Methodius - " Man had been originally in Paradise, that is, in the third heaven (2 Corinthians 12 ), having there none but a spiritual body; having sinned he was east down to earth, where God made him "coats of skins," that is to say, for a Punishment clad him in our present gross material bodies, which clog and fetter the soul and out of which spring our temptations to sin; for without the body the soul cannot sin. In reply, Methodius acutely points out the inconsistence of teaching that the soul cannot sin without the body, and at the same time that the body had been imposed on the soul as a Punishment for sins previously committed; and in truth the body is an instrument for good as well as for evil
Christian (the Name) - (for being a Christian) covers a wide range of experience, from molestation to official and even capital Punishment. martyrs’ literature, which shows how Christianity was treated as a forbidden or illicit religion, hostile to the national cult, and therefore exposing any of its adherents, without further question, to the Punishment of death. When people were accused of Christianity, he writes, ‘I asked them personally whether they were Christians; if they confessed it, I asked them a second and a third time, threatening them with Punishment
Crucifixion - —Crucifixion was originally an Oriental Punishment. It was a horrible Punishment. ...
It was usual for the victims of that frightful Punishment, maddened by terror and pain, to shriek, entreat, curse, and spit at their execntioners and the bystanders;‡‡ Canaanites - ...
But, farther, if punishing them by the hands of the Israelites rather than by a pestilence, an earthquake, a fire, or any such calamity, be still an objection, we may perceive, I think, some reasons for this method of Punishment in preference to any other whatever; always bearing in our mind, that the question is not concerning the justice of the Punishment, but the mode of it. This reason is formally and expressly assigned, not simply for the Punishment, but for the extent to which it was carried; namely, extermination: "Thou shalt utterly destroy them, that they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods
Pilate, Pontius - This scourging was usually inflicted by lictors; but as Pilate was only a procurator he had no lictor, and hence his soldiers inflicted this terrible Punishment
Evil - Pain is justified by the redemption of the body ( Romans 8:18-25 , 1 Peter 4:13 ), Punishment by the peaceable fruits of righteousness ( 1 Peter 5:8 ), and the permission of moral evil by the victory of the Cross ( John 12:31 , Romans 8:37-39 , Colossians 2:15 , 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 )
Sun - In the Book of Deuteronomy ( Deuteronomy 4:19 ) there is a caution against sun-worship , and the Punishment of death by stoning is assigned to the convicted worshipper of the sun ( Deuteronomy 17:3 ), whilst in Job ( Job 31:26 ) there is an allusion to a superstitious salutation of the sun by the kissing of the hand
Sod'om - Some catastrophe there undoubtedly was but what secondary agencies, besides fire, were employed in the accomplishment of the Punishment cannot be safely determined in the almost total absence of exact scientific description of the natural features of the ground round the lake
Sin - The soul that sins is always conscious that his sin is (1) intrinsically vile and polluting, and (2) that it justly deserves Punishment, and calls down the righteous wrath of God
Reprobate - Paul is proof of the deep depravity of the heathen and at the same time its awful Punishment
Thieves - ...
When his fellow reviled Jesus he rebuked the reviler (which makes probable the explanation from Hebrew idiom above, that he himself had not reviled Jesus), "dost thou not fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation (surely such a terrible penalty from God should lead thee to fear Him: see Isaiah 9:13; Revelation 16:10-11; 2 Chronicles 28:22; Jeremiah 5:3); and we indeed justly (he justifies God in His dealings however penal, the sure mark of repentance, accepting the Punishment of iniquity: Psalms 51:4; Leviticus 26:41), for we receive the due reward of our deeds (confession of sin: 1 John 1:9); but this Man hath done nothing amiss" (acknowledgment of Jesus as the Holy One of God: Romans 10:9; Hebrews 7:26; 1 Peter 2:22-24)
Deluge - But are not most, if not all these hypotheses quite arbitrary, and without foundation from the words of Moses? It is, perhaps, in vain to attempt accounting for this event by natural causes, it being altogether miraculous and supernatural, as a Punishment to men for the corruption then in the world
Firstborn - The death of the firstborn was the last of the Punishments sent upon Egypt for Pharaoh’s refusal to let the Israelites go. The death of the firstborn would be a Punishment for refusal to release Israel, who was J″ Blasphemy - ...
According to the Levitical law the Punishment for blaspheming the name of Jahweh was death by stoning (Leviticus 24:10-16); but as Roman subjects the Jews had not power to put any man to death
Mercy - Mercy may also be shown to them by a proper mitigation of justice, and not extending the Punishment beyond the nature or desert of the crime
Stone - In rejecting Him they fell from their place of power and influence, and have been scattered abroad as a Punishment for their sins
Call - ...
To call for, to demand, require or claim, as a crime calls for Punishment or to cause to grow
Sin - The word may also refer to “punishment for iniquity”: “And Saul sware to her by the Lord, saying, As the Lord liveth, there shall no Punishment happen to thee for this thing” ( Punishment for the “iniquity” of others. Finally, several passages use this word for the idea of “punishment for sin” ( Government of the Hebrews - The rewards which should accompany the obedient, and the Punishments which should be the lot of the transgressor, were at the same time announced, and the Hebrews promised by a solemn oath to obey, Exodus 21-24; Deuteronomy 27-30. It was, in fact, treason; was considered a crime equal in aggravation to that of murder; and was, consequently, attended with the severest Punishment. Whoever invited or exhorted to idolatry was considered seditious, and was obnoxious to the same Punishment. Incantations also, necromancy, and other practices of this nature, were looked upon as arts of a kindred aspect with idolatry itself; and the same Punishment was to be inflicted upon the perpetrators of them as upon idolaters. When we remember that God was expressly chosen the King of the people, and that he enacted laws and decided litigated points of importance, Numbers 17:1-11 ; Numbers 27:1-11 ; Numbers 36:1-10 ; when we remember also that he answered and solved questions proposed, ...
Numbers 15:32-41 ; Joshua 7:16-22 ; Judges 1:1-2 ; Judges 20:18 ; 1619169446_43 ; 1 Samuel 14:37 ; 1 Samuel 23:9-12 ; 1 Samuel 30:8 ; 2 Samuel 2:1 ; that he threatened Punishment, and that, in some instances, he actually inflicted it upon the hardened and impenitent, Numbers 11:33-35 ; 1619169446_78 ; Numbers 16:1-50 ; Leviticus 26:3-46 ; Deuteronomy 26-30; when, finally, we take into account, that he promised prophets, who were to be, as it were, his ambassadors, Deuteronomy 18, and afterward sent them according to his promise, and that, in order to preserve the true religion, he governed the whole people by a striking and peculiar providence, we are at liberty to say, that God was, in fact, the Monarch of the people, and that the government was a theocracy
Oracles - In Isaiah, several smaller prophecies of judgment or Punishment are called “oracles” ( Jeremiah 18:1-123 NRSV; Isaiah 14:28 NRSV). On the basis of these kinds of usages, many Bible students understand oracles to be divine words of Punishment or judgment
Ten Commandments - David himself had teraphim in his house ( 1 Samuel 19:13-16 ); Isaiah speaks of a pillar as a natural and suitable symbol of worship ( Isaiah 19:19 ); Hosea classes pillar, ephod, and teraphim with sacrifices as means of worship, of which Israel would be deprived for a while as a Punishment ( Hosea 3:4 ). The Punishment by God of children for the faults of parents was felt to be a moral difficulty, and was denied by Ezekiel (ch
Fall - ...
The woman's Punishment was linked to her distinctive role in the fulfillment of God's command (Genesis 1:28 ). ...
Adam's Punishment also involved the frustration of his service
Reward - " In its opposite sense, the word "reward" can refer to Punishment for a wrong or wrongs committed, although it is rarely used this way in the Bible. " In this article, the word is limited to the more favorable meaning of recompense for good done rather than Punishment for evil committed
Death (2) - Paul took over from the OT and elaborated in his theology, that death is the Punishment of sin. ’ Destruction is in store for all sinners; and the Punishment cannot therefore consist in death by violence, which falls on few
Eye - A son of the Great Mogul was actually suffering this Punishment when Sir Thomas Roe visited the court of Delhi. Deprivation of sight was a very common Punishment in the east
Nebuchadnezzar - ...
After the incident of the "burning fiery furnace" (Daniel 3 ) into which the three Hebrew confessors were cast, Nebuchadnezzar was afflicted with some peculiar mental aberration as a Punishment for his pride and vanity, probably the form of madness known as lycanthropy (i
Michal - So Michal was childless until her death, the nature of her Punishment being appropriate to her transgression
Darius - 159) record of the ordinary Punishment he inflicted
Suffering - In suffering for sin, Christ bore God’s Punishment on sin and so made it possible for people to be cleansed from sin and brought back to God (Isaiah 53:4-5; Isaiah 53:10; Matthew 8:17; Mark 8:31; Hebrews 2:9; Hebrews 13:12; 1 Peter 1:12; 1 Peter 2:21-24; 1 Peter 3:18)
Cross - " The Hebrew, having no term for it as not being a Punishment in their nation, called it "warp and woof
Eye - An exceptionally cruel Punishment was to gouge out the eyes of a enemy (Judges 16:21 ; 2 Kings 25:7 )
Prison, Prisoners - ...
Old Testament Imprisonment as a legal Punishment is not a feature of ancient law codes
Resurrection - Jesus pointed to a resurrection of the righteous to eternal life and of the wicked to eternal Punishment (Matthew 8:11-12 ; Matthew 25:31-34 ,Matthew 25:31-34,25:41-46 ; John 5:28-29 )
Rehoboam - Rehoboam and the princes thereupon humbly accepted their Punishment, and justified Jehovah (James 4:10; Exodus 9:27; Psalms 51:4; Leviticus 26:41-42)
Amos - Amos 1:1 to Amos 2:13; the sins of Syria, Philistia, Tyre, Edom, Ammon, Moab, the neighbors of Israel and Judah Amos 2:4 to Amos 6:14; Israel's own state and consequent Punishment; the same coasts "from the entering in of Hamath," which Jeroboam has just recovered from Syria, shall be "afflicted," and the people carried into "captivity beyond Damascus" (Amos 5:27)
Jephthah - On this occasion 42,000 men of Ephraim were slain; which was a Punishment for commencing a war with so small a provocation
Fasting - Forty is significant of Punishment for sin, confession, or affliction
Shimei - "...
But on his deathbed David felt, though he forgave Shimei the personal wrong, yet that public justice required his Punishment in some form, for David was not likely, in going to appear before God, to cherish revenge after having spared him twice when he might justly have slain him
Joseph - But the grace imparted to Joseph, to repel the temptation, and the Punishment he suffered by a false imputation, very beautifully set forth the innocency of Christ triumphing over the Devil's temptation in the wilderness, and the imputation of our sin to Jesus, who himself bore our sins in his own body on the tree, though himself without sin, neither was guile found in his mouth
Remnant - Notice that a twofold theme emerges from most prophetic passages concerning the “remnant”: (1) A “remnant” will survive when the people are subjected to Punishment, and (2) the fact that a “remnant” does survive and does remain contains a note of hope for the future
Eulalius, an Antipope - He exacts obedience in a high tone of authority, and threatens with summary Punishment all disturbers of the peace
Ten Commandments - There is no real motive for obeying the commands except the avoidance of Punishment. In the ancient law codes, the laws are always stated in terms of cases ("If such and such infraction occurs, then such and such a Punishment shall be meted out"). Thus, it is not proper to build a case against war or capital Punishment upon the basis of this verse
Apocrypha - The Wisdom of Solomon, ostensibly related to Solomon, deliberates on the future reward of the righteous and Punishment of the ungodly, sings the praises of Wisdom, and, through a retelling of the exodus story, celebrates God's exaltation of Israel through the very things by which her enemies were punished. Affirming the immortality of the righteous and the eternal Punishment of the wicked, the author seeks to demonstrate that inspired reason, guided by the Law, is supreme ruler over the passions
Amos - Punishment will be visited upon each for the violation of some broad and universally recognized principle of humanity. As her opportunities had been greater, so too would her Punishment for wasting them be proportionately severe
Discipline - The root meaning of ‘discipline’ is ‘instruction,’ but in course of time it came to be used for ‘moral training,’ ‘chastening,’ ‘punishment. To such excommunication might be added the further penalty of physical Punishment (Acts 5:1-10; Acts 8:24, 1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Timothy 5:20) or an anathema (ἀνάθεμα, 1 Corinthians 16:22, Galatians 1:8)
Propitiation - When we only regard the consequences which have followed sin in society, from the earliest ages, and in every part of the world, and add to these the many direct and fearful inflictions of Punishment which have proceeded from the "Judge of the whole earth," then, to use the language of Scripture, "our flesh may well tremble because of his judgments. They first suppose that anger in God is to be considered as a passion, and that passion a desire of revenge; and then tell us, that if we do not prove that this desire of revenge can be satisfied by the sufferings of Christ, then we can never prove the doctrine of satisfaction to be true; whereas, we do not mean by God's anger, any such passion, but the just declaration of God's will to punish, upon our provocation of him by our sins; we do not make the design of the satisfaction to be that God may please himself in revenging the sins of the guilty upon the most innocent person, because we make the design of Punishment not to be the satisfaction of anger as a desire of revenge, but to be the vindication of the honour and rights of the offended person by such a way as he himself shall judge satisfactory to the ends of his government
Theodosius i., the Great - Peter taught the Romans and which Damasus of Rome and Peter of Alexandria profess, should be believed by all nations; that Father, Son, and Holy Ghost should be equally adored; that the adherent of this doctrine should be called Catholic Christians, while all others were to be designated heretics, their places of assembly refused the name of churches, and their souls threatened with divine Punishment. Theodosius was contemplating their Punishment when Ambrose intervened, addressing a letter ( Ep
Decrees - ...
Sometimes predictive "decrees" can be abrogated, repentance averting Punishment and disobedience annulling blessing (Jeremiah 18:7-10 ; Jonah 3:10 )
Jewish Parties in the New Testament - They did not believe in life after death or any reward or Punishment beyond this life
Waldenses - They maintained, that the power of delivering sinners from the guilt and Punishment of their offences belonged to God alone; and that indulgences of consequence, were the criminal inventions of sordid avarice. ...
Their rules of practice were extremely austere; for they adopted as the model of their moral discipline, the sermon of Christ on the mount, which they interpreted and explained in the most rigorous and literal manner; and consequently prohibited and condemned in their society all wars, and suits of law, and all attempts towards the acquisition of wealth; the inflicting of capital Punishments, self- defense against unjust violence, and oaths of all kinds
Bread - ...
Proverbs 9:17 (b) This is probably a type of some sin or sins which at first seem pleasant and satisfying but afterwards result in Punishment
Branch - Uzziah tried to be both a priest and king, and GOD smote him with leprosy as a Punishment
Go Down - Since one can “descend” into Sheol alive as a form of Punishment ( Eden - But it is far more probable that this change, if we may infer from the account given by Moses that the courses of all the streams remained unaltered by the flood, may have taken place at man's expulsion from the garden: when God might choose to obliterate this fair portion of his works, unfitted for any thing but the residence of innocence; and to blot at once from the face of the earth, like the guilty cities of the plain, both the site and the memorial of man's transgression,—an awful event, which would add tenfold horrors to the Punishment
Ananias - At that instant, Ananias, being struck dead, fell down at the Apostle's feet; and in the course of three hours after, his wife suffered a similar Punishment
Ban - It appears in the oldest legislation as the Punishment of the apostate Israelite ( Exodus 22:20 ), and is extended in the Deuteronomic code to the idolatrous city ( Deuteronomy 13:12 ff
Judges, Book of - ...
Judges 19 — Judges 21 show the moral character of the people, especially of Benjamin, who brought upon themselves severe Punishment
Ezekiel - Idolatry would now get its just Punishment (14:1-15:8)
Job - Bildad heartlessly reminds Job of his misfortunes, pointing out that they are a fitting Punishment
Sin - It is not Punishment; for Punishment consists of all the evil consequences of sin, which the sinner in his sense of having sinned regards as resulting from a violated moral law, or more personally as the evidences of the Divine displeasure. Guilt is the liability to Punishment, the sinner by his act placing himself in such a relation to the moral order and the personal will of God as to expose him to the evil consequences included in his Punishment
Fire - ...
Fire when used as a type usually indicates wrath, judgment, Punishment or other expressions of anger. Calamities only bring the fear of death and the fear of Punishment. ...
Matthew 3:10 (b) Here is a real type of the genuine and real fire in hell into which all hypocrites and professing Christians will be sent for eternal Punishment
Baxterianism - [3] The law knoweth no vicarius poenae; [4] though the law ...
maker may admit it, as he is above law; else there were no place for pardon, if the proper debt be paid and the law not relaxed, but fulfilled. "...
The benefits derived to all men equally, from the satisfaction of Christ, he thus states:—...
"All mankind, immediately upon Christ's satisfaction, are redeemed and delivered from that legal necessity of perishing which they were under, (not by remitting sin or Punishment directly to them, but by giving up God's jus puniendi [7] into the hands of the Redeemer; nor by giving any right directly to them, but per meram resultantiam [8] this happy change is made for them in their relation, upon the said remitting of God's right and advantage of justice against them,] and they are given up to the Redeemer as their owner and ruler, to be dealt with upon terms of mercy which have a tendency to their recovery
Hardening - All the prophets and prophetic writers, among whom J and E may be included, accentuate moral obligation; they regard virtuous and vicious acts as originating in the human will; their whole teaching is based on the conviction that men and nations deserve rewards or Punishments, and are in a real sense the authors of their own destiny. If He gives men up to Punishment, it is because they have deliberately given themselves up to sin (Romans 1:24; Romans 1:26; Romans 1:28). 88):...
‘And Moses said, O our Lord, Thou hast given Pharaoh and his nobles pomp and riches in this world, to make them wander from Thy path; O our Lord, destroy their riches and harden their hearts, that they may not believe until they see exemplary Punishment
Aaron - What the motive of Miriam might be does not appear; but she being struck with leprosy, this Punishment, as being immediately from God, opened Aaron's eyes; he acknowledged his fault, and asked forgiveness of Moses both for himself and his sister. The two first were killed by fire from heaven, as a Punishment for presuming to offer incense with strange fire in their censers, Leviticus 10:1-2
Ethics - This is not because they want rewards or fear Punishment, but because the day of judgment is the climax of the present life and the beginning of the new (Matthew 25:14-30; 1 Corinthians 3:12-15; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Timothy 4:6-8; see JUDGMENT; Punishment; REWARD)
Martinus, Saint, Bishop of Tours - Martin objected to a case of heresy being left to a secular tribunal, begged Ithacius not to press the charges against Priscillian before such a court, and besought Maximus not to allow any other Punishment of the accused beyond excommunication. ...
This was the first instance of the capital Punishment of a heretic
Fasting - FAST, FASTING...
There seems to have been a disposition in all men, and from the earliest ages of antiquity, to testify a somewhat of sorrow in the mind in all abstinence, at certain times, and upon certain occasions, from food, by way of Punishment for sin
Esther - It shows ultimate Punishment for those who oppose God's people
Babylon, Mystical - ...
When the church forsakes her true Husband for the love of the world (contrast Psalms 45:10-11), the world, the instrument of her sin, becomes the instrument of her Punishment
Hussites - However, his enemies so far prevailed, that, by the most scandalous breach of public faith, he was cast into prison declared a heretic, because he refused to plead guilty against the dictates of his conscience, in obedience to the council, and burnt alive in 1415; a Punishment which he endured with unparalleled magnanimity and resolution
Slave - If they suffered brutal Punishment, they received compensation by being set free (1619169446_17)
Supremacy - He claims to be the final Judge of all the nations, to allot the eternal Punishment or reward of every individual soul (Hebrews 12:2-38; Matthew 25:31; Matthew 25:46; cf
Gentiles - The ultimate Punishment of Israel for disobedience was being scattered among the nations
River - The star is called ‘wormwood,’ a bitter drug, typical of Divine Punishment, and regarded as a mortal poison
Ignorance - This passing over (πάρεσις) did not exclude Punishment, and was not equivalent to forgiveness (ἄφεσις); but it prepared the way for repentance (Acts 3:19) and for the receiving of the mercy of God in Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 1:13)
Monotheism - To the contrary, the tragedy of the Exile was the result of Israel's own God using the Babylonians as an instrument of Punishment against the Lord's own people since they had violated the terms of the covenant that bound them together
Haggai, Theology of - ...
Punishment and Blessing
Long-Suffering - If ἐπ ̓ αὐτοῖς refers to the elect, we may say that μακροθυμεῖ here means the vindication of the cause rather than the Punishment of the foe
Rebels - The prosecution of that chapter is the fullest proof of it; for after the Lord had said that the woe of his people should be, to find their Punishment in the very things from which they sought protection and help, the Lord declares that he still waits to be gracious, and that his people should be blessed
Absalom - Absalom, the fruit of David's polygamy, was made the divine instrument of David's Punishment
Desert, Wilderness - Paul in 1 Corinthians 10:5 refers to the temptation, sin, and Punishment of the people in the wilderness as a warning to Christian believers against giving way to temptation
Plagues of Egypt - This was a real Punishment; for it was the water they all drank, and which was highly esteemed
Zephaniah, Theology of - In spite of the wrong, and the Punishment God must dispense, he still reveals himself to Judah as Yahweh, their loving covenant God even though he must punish Israel because she has abandoned him
Synagogue - ...
It is evident from what Pilate said to the Jews in reference to the Lord — "Take ye him, and judge him according to your law" — that they were allowed to judge certain matters and to inflict limited Punishments. Paul himself doubtless suffered the like Punishment in the same buildings
Hebrew Language - It is said to have been preserved in the midst of the confusion at Babel, in the family of Heber, or Eber, who, as it is alleged, was not concerned in the building of Babel, and, consequently, did not share in the Punishment inflicted on the actual transgressors
Antichrist - He then proceeds to show, from the application of prophecy to history, and to the remarkable train of events that are now passing in the world, how exactly Popery, Mohammedanism, and Infidelity, correspond with the character given in Scripture of the power of antichrist, which was to prevail a certain time for the especial trial and Punishment of the corrupted church of Christ
Babel - It is called by the natives, El Mujellibah, ‘the overturned;' also Haroot and Maroot, from a tradition handed down, with little deviation, from time immemorial, that near the foot of the ruin there is a well, invisible to mortals, in which those rebellious angels were condemned by God to be hung with their heels upward, until the day of judgment, as a Punishment for their wickedness
Reformation - The "Indices Expurgatorii," in which they pointed out the works that they condemned, and which they declared it to be heresy and pollution to peruse, increased the desire to become acquainted with them; and although some who indulged that curiosity suffered the Punishment denounced by the inquisition against the enemies of papal superstition, there was an immense proportion which even spiritual tyranny could not reach; so that the light which had been kindled daily brightened till it shone with unclouded lustre through many of the most powerful and the most refined nations of Europe
Ravels - It was a common Punishment in the east, and one which the orientals dreaded above all others, to expose in the open fields the bodies of evil doers that had suffered by the laws of their offended country, to be devoured by the beasts of the field, and the fowls of heaven
David - His crimes in the case of Uriah and Bathsheba were heinous indeed; but on awaking from his dream of folly, he repented in dust and ashes, meekly submitted to reproof and Punishment, and sought and found mercy from God
Law - In general, law is a rule of action prescribed for the government of rational beings or moral agents, to which rule they are bound to yield obedience, in default of which they are exposed to Punishment or law is a settled mode or course of action or operation in irrational beings and in inanimate bodies
Job, Book of - He denies that Punishment in this life inevitably follows upon guilt, or proves its commission
Justice - Also penalties must fit the crime, being neither too heavy nor too light (Exodus 21:23-25; see Punishment)
Oath - the honour of God) or the fear of avenging Punishment. Another vital point is the shrinking attitude towards God which is taken in the oath by the explicit or implicit invocation of His powers of Punishment. In opposition, however, to Piscator’s Strafmich-Gott-Bibel (Herborn, 1606), and to various commentaries, it must be questioned whether the invocation of God’s Punishment, undoubtedly absent from His words, was present to His mind. But it is only fair to suppose that Jesus regarded ‘verily’ as differing from the oath in principle; for by it a man neither cringes before God’s Punishments, nor presumptuously offers to suffer them on certain conditions of his own
Messiah - Here, however, as in the later literature, attention is centred rather on the Punishment of the wicked than on the development of the new Kingdom. Very note worthy is the fact that both the Punishment of the wicked and the rewards of the righteous were to be eschatological. Still, the Punishment of the wicked is to be in Sheol, which has been divided into four sections with varying conditions (ch. The Punishment of the enemies of Israel is still as prominent as the establishment of the new Kingdom, and the latter is described in terms which make it evident that the Jews could not conceive of any Kingdom of God apart from Palestine
Discipline - Paul himself five times received a severe form of Punishment administered by the synagogue for heresy, the "forty lashes minus one" (2 Corinthians 11:24 ). The number of lashes was reduced from the forty prescribed in Deuteronomy 25:2-3 , presumably in order to safeguard against excessive Punishment
Ezekiel - Though seemingly unrelated to the prophet's task of warning his own people, these messages served as solemn warnings that the covenant people could not expect to escape Punishment if God would also punish nations which did not acknowledge Him. There was no longer need for warning of impending Punishment
Mediator - He is King, ruling over the whole earth, for the maintenance and establishment and enlargement of his church, and for the Punishment of those who reject his authority; and he is the final Judge of the quick and the dead, to whom is given the power of distributing the rewards and penalties of eternity. They suppose, therefore, that persons in former times who believed in a Saviour that was to come, and who obtained justification with God by this faith, were detained after death in a place of the infernal regions, which received the name of limbus patrum; a kind of prison where they did not endure Punishment, but remained without partaking of the joys of heaven, in earnest expectation of the coming of Christ: who, after suffering on the cross, descended to hell that he might set them free
Refuge, Cities of - His want of prudence must entail some Punishment, and so he could not pass beyond the city boundaries without risk of death at the hands of the avenger of blood
Heaven - It is the divine workplace, where He sends blessings to His people (Deuteronomy 26:15 ; Isaiah 63:15 ) and Punishment on His enemies (Psalm 2:4 ; Psalm 11:4-7 )
Korah - The Punishment answered to the Reubenites' sin, their pride was punished by "Reuben's men being made few," so that Moses prayed "let Reuben live and not die," i
Solomon - ...
All the time that Solomon was developing his magnificent kingdom, he was preparing his own Punishment
Micah, Book of - God's Punishment is sure for a corrupt people (Micah 6:13-7:6 )
Child, Children - a Punishment inflicted by God, and involving, for the woman, disgrace in the eyes of the world
Tribulation - Sometimes tribulation is the Punishment of sin
Hosea - Political makeshifts to remedy moral corruption only hasten the disaster which they seek to avert; when the church leans on the world in her distress, instead of turning to God, the world the instrument of her sin is made the instrument of her Punishment
Crucifixion - Among the latter it was exceedingly common, but was confined almost exclusively to the Punishment of slaves, foreigners, or criminals of the lowest class, being regarded as incompatible with the dignity of any Roman citizen (cf
Touch - In redeeming humanity from sin and spiritual death, Jesus bore in his body our sin, thus bringing its deadly consequences upon himself: "he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the Punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed" (Isaiah 53:4-5,11 ; cf
Lamb, Lamb of God - The Servant would arise from humble origins, be despised and rejected, suffer physical wounds, and be treated like a leper, while taking upon himself our infirmities, diseases, transgressions, iniquities, and deserved Punishment for sin
Image of God - Following the Genesis narrative further, after the flood of Noah, Genesis 9:6 indicates that due to the image of God capital Punishment is required in cases of murder
Peter, Second, Theology of - They have compounded their guilt and Punishment by turning against Jesus Christ and by luring recent converts back into their original corruption (2:20-22)
Manaen (2) - Manaen persisted, adding that the coming dignity would not be accompanied by righteous living, and that God’s Punishment would visit his later life
Dereliction - It was indeed possible for God to inflict upon Jesus the Punishment which is due to sinners; but it is inconceivable that He should have transferred His wrath from them to Him—as it were saying, ‘I will be angry with Him instead of them
Man - ...
As it respects the impenitent, it is a state of separation from God, and eternal Punishment, Matthew 25:46
Forgiveness - , not insisting on the penalty for it (2 Corinthians 12:13, Colossians 2:13); πάρεσις (Romans 3:25), ‘a temporary suspension of Punishment which may be one day inflicted,’ and therefore entirely distinct from forgiveness (see R
Clean, To Be - Anyone not clean of sin is subject to divine rejection and Punishment
Magnify - 4:37), of Punishment ( Angels of the Seven Churches - … The fravashi is no longer a being necessarily good, but becomes a complete spiritual counterpart of the nation or the church, and capable therefore of declension and Punishment’ (Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) iv
Samaritans - When any Israelite deserved Punishment on account of the violation of some important point of the law, he presently took refuge in Samaria or Shechem, and embraced the worship at the temple of Gerizim
Kings, Books of - ...
False religion in the north soon brought an announcement of divine Punishment (13:1-14:20)
Humanity, Humankind - ...
God took human form in the person of Jesus Christ, who lived the human life perfectly and finally died to bear sin’s Punishment on behalf of his fellow human beings (Romans 8:3; Hebrews 4:15)
Daniel - But Daniel had no joy in announcing the Punishment, preferring rather that Nebuchadnezzar change his ways and so avoid the threatened judgment (Daniel 4:27)
Confession - These confessions are made in private to the priest, who is not to reveal them under pain of the highest Punishment. For this is my retribution, that, after my rebuking, Punishment, and acknowledgment of God, I should exalt him, and confess his wonderful acts before every nation which is under the whole heaven; because there is no other God, nor ever was before, nor will be after him, except God, the unbegotten Father, without beginning, possessing all things, as we have said, and his Son Jesus Christ, who, we bear witness, was always with the Father, before the formation of the world, in spirit (or spiritually) with the Father, inexpressibly begotten before all beginning, through whom visible things were made: he became man, having overcome death, and was received into heaven. ' The meaning of this term in its primary signification, and as it is applied to common subjects in common discourse, means a preservation from threatening perils, or from threatened Punishment. And even when such expressions of terror are used in the strongest sense, and threatened to unbelief or disobedience, they universally imply such exceptions as these,—'Unless personal disabilities lessen the guilt, or repentance intervene to prevent the Punishment
Calvinism - If all whom the Lord predestinates to death are, in their natural condition, liable to the sentence of death, what injustice do they complain of receiving from him?" To this Calvin very fairly states the obvious rejoinder made in his day; and which the common sense of mankind will always make,— "They object, Were they not by the decree of God antecedently predestinated to that corruption which is now stated as the cause of their condemnation? When they perish in their corruption, therefore, they only suffer the Punishment of that misery into which, in consequence of his predestination, Adam fell, and precipitated his posterity with him. Thus the election taught by Calvin is not the choice of some persons to peculiar grace from the whole mass, equally deserving of Punishment; (though this is a sophism;) since, in that case, the decree of reprobation would rest upon God's foreknowledge of those passed by as corrupt and guilty, which notion he rejects: "For since God foresees future events only in consequence of his decree that they shall happen, it is useless to contend about foreknowledge, while it is evident that all things come to pass rather by ordination and decree. And, indeed, for what reason are we so often brought back to that unfailing refuge of Calvin, "the presumption and wickedness of replying against God?" For if reprobation be a matter of human desert, it cannot be a mystery; if it be adequate Punishment for an adequate fault, there is no need to urge it upon us to bow with submission to an unexplained sovereignty. Several of the brightest and most acute wits in Europe occupied themselves in sublimating to the height of extravagance the two kindred branches of predestination,—the eternal and absolute election of certain men to everlasting glory, and the reprobation of the rest of mankind to endless Punishment, without regard in the divine mind to the foreseen faith of one class or to the foreseen unbelief of the other
Dates - ...
The only consideration that offers any difficulty in the way of this conclusion is the fact that Josephus associates the recall of Felix with the influential period of Pallas at court; but (a) Josephus may have been in error in attributing Felix’s escape from Punishment to the intercession of Pallas. certain charges made at the early date, when Pallas by his plea on behalf of Felix saved him from Punishment, and the final complaints which ended in his removal. The result yielded by this view is that Felix was found guilty of maladministration in 54-55 and escaped Punishment at this time through the intercession of his brother Pallas
Money - Sectors of the Old Testament echo the notion that money might serve to ransom one's life when one was legally liable to be put to death as a Punishment (Exodus 21:29-30 ; 2 Samuel 21:4 ; 1 Kings 20:39 ), but Numbers 35:31 clarifies Israel's distinctiveness: "Do not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer. Money could function as a Punishment when damages were less tangible (e. Should money become a substitute for other Punishments such as lex talionis or beatings, the law would become less fair in allowing the wealthy to be less affected by their misdeeds than the poor
Law - On the contrary, it expresses the just principle that judicial Punishments should fit the crime, thereby limiting permissible Punishment. ...
In 1 Corinthians 5:1-5,13 , Paul affirms on the basis of Leviticus 18:29 that incest, a capital offense in the Old Testament, is immoral and deserves Punishment
Judgments of God - Are the Punishments inflicted by him for particular crimes. The Scriptures give us many awful instances of the display of divine justice in the Punishment of nations, families, and individuals, for their iniquities. His secret parts, and all the flesh round about them, corrupted also, and bred worms; and to show that it was a divine Punishment, all the art of physicians could give him no relief
Zechariah, Prophecy of - The introduction calls upon the people to turn to the Lord: not to be like their fathers who refused to hearken to the warnings, but who when God's Punishments had fallen upon them, had been forced to acknowledge the truth of the prophet's words. Babylon is not seen here: it had received its Punishment. ...
The whole prophecy concerns God's earthly people, and is full of detail with respect to their Punishment; their blessing; their Messiah, and their rejection of Him; also their future reception of Him, and His glory in their midst
Roman Catholics - " By indulgences they do not mean leave to commit sin, nor pardon for sins to come; but only releasing, by the power of the keys committed to the church, the debt of temporal Punishment which may remain due upon account of our sins, after the sins themselves, as to their guilt and eternal Punishment, have been already remitted through repentance and confession, and by virtue of the merit of Christ, and of all the saints
Atonement - If it then be true, that the release of offending man from future Punishment, and his restoration to the divine favour, ought, for the interests of mankind themselves, and for the instruction and caution of other beings, to be so bestowed, that no license shall be given to offence;—...
that God himself, whilst he manifests his compassion, should not appear less just, less holy, than he really is;—that his authority should be felt to be as compelling, and that disobedience should as truly, though not unconditionally, subject us to the deserved penalty, as though no hope of forgiveness had been exhibited;—we ask, On what scheme, save that which is developed in the New Testament, are these necessary conditions provided for? Necessary they are, unless we contend for a license and an impunity which shall annul all good government in the universe, a point for which no reasonable man will contend; and if so, then we must allow that there is strong internal evidence of the truth of the doctrine of Scripture, when it makes the offer of pardon consequent only upon the securities we have before mentioned. Nor is it recognised by the divine Being in his conduct to men in the present state, although in this world Punishments are not final and absolute. The voluntary sufferings of the Divine Son of God "for us," that is, in our room and stead, magnify the justice of God; display his hatred to sin; proclaim "the exceeding sinfulness" of transgression, by the deep and painful manner in which they were inflicted upon the Substitute; warn the persevering offender of the terribleness, as well as the certainty, of his Punishment; and open the gates of salvation to every penitent. " All the ends of government are here answered—no license is given to offence,—the moral law is unrepealed,—a day of judgment is still appointed,—future and eternal Punishments still display their awful sanctions,—a new and singular display of the awful purity of the divine character is afforded,—yet pardon is offered to all who seek it; and the whole world may be saved
Jeroboam - Thus one sin entailed many others, and brought its own Punishment; for the Levites, refusing to be priests of the calves, and the godly were alienated from him, and most emigrated to Judah (2 Chronicles 11:13-14; 2 Chronicles 11:16), strengthening Rehoboam. ...
The prophet, the instrument of his sin (according to God's righteous law: Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19), became the instrument of his Punishment; his tempter became his accuser: "forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of Jehovah
Laws, Penal - In Massachusetts, where Congregationalism was established, only Church members were admitted to civicfreedom, heresy was punished by banishment (1631), Catholics were not allowed to live in the colony, death was the Punishment for the return of a banished Jesuit, and although in 1691 liberty of conscience was decreed to all Christians, the clause "except Papists" was inserted
Spiritual Gifts - The gifts may be divided into the apparently miraculous and the non-miraculous, ( a ) The miraculous include speaking with tongues (probably ecstatic utterances, usually unintelligible to the speaker; see Tongues [1]), and their interpretation; gifts of healing, and the working of miracles or ‘powers’; of these we may instance the power of exorcism ([2] Mark 16:17 , Acts 16:18 ; Acts 19:12 ), and the Punishment of offenders ( Acts 5:1-11 ; Act 13:9 , 1 Corinthians 4:21 ; 1 Corinthians 5:5 )
Jude, Theology of - The Punishment of the ungodly will be the "eternal fire of judgment" (vv
Resurrection - Likewise they expected a resurrection of the wicked that would be followed by Punishment (Psalms 49:14-15; Daniel 12:2)
Judges, Book of - Leaders who neglect God's covenant lead the people into Punishment (Judges 2:6-15 )
Justice - It is the standard for both Punishment and benefits and thus can be spoken of as a plumb line
Jehoiakim - Sinners only gain additional Punishment by fighting with God's word, which is a sharp sword; they cut themselves, when trying to cut it
Sign - The Punishment to befall Pharaoh Hophra was to serve as a sign promoting the knowledge that God's word of judgment would surely stand up against the Judean refugees in Egypt ( Jeremiah 44:29 )
For - Against in the place of as a substitute or equivalent, noting equal value or satisfactory compensation, either in barter and sale, in contract, or in Punishment
Dropsy - In Numbers 5:21-22 part of the Punishment inflicted on the guilty woman was a dropsical swelling (cf
Sign - ...
Numbers 26:10 (a) The disaster sent upon Korah and his company was ever to remind Israel and us, too, of the Punishment of GOD upon those who rebel against His order
Fire - For unless men could persuade themselves, that God is not able to punish sin (of which the miseries and sorrows of the present life too plainly prove the contrary,) or that God will not make good his word in doing it (which his truth and veracity too awfully declare he will,) it matters not in what that Punishment consists
Poor (Person), Weak (Person) - ‘Oni represents the state of pain and/or Punishment resulting from affliction
Evil - The second kind of evil, which we call natural evil, is either a necessary consequence of the former; as death, to a creature on whose nature immortality was never conferred; and then it is no more properly an evil than the former; or else it is counterpoised, in the whole, with as great or greater good, as the afflictions and sufferings of good men, and then also it is not properly an evil; or else, lastly, it is a Punishment; and then it is a necessary consequent of the third and last sort of evil, namely, moral evil
Appoint, Appointed - It is also used of "appointment" to Punishment, as of the unfaithful servant, Matthew 24:51 ; Luke 12:46 ; of unbelieving Israel, 1 Peter 2:8
Lay - To impose, as evil, burden, or Punishment
Judgement - The eternal Punishment of the wicked is called "eternal judgement
Ammon - But the Ammonites’ violence, cruelty and arrogance were inexcusable, and God’s prophets assured them of a fitting Punishment (Jeremiah 49:1-6; Amos 1:13-15; Zephaniah 2:8-11)
Bible - But the people rebelled against God, and their entrance into Canaan was delayed forty years as a Punishment
Corinthians, First Epistle to the - The Apostle says nothing of the Punishment of the heathen step-mother (cf. 5:13), though many take it to denote the infliction of some miraculous Punishment, disease, or death, and deny that the offender of 2 Corinthians 2:1-17 ; 2 Corinthians 7:1-16 is the incestuous Corinthian of 1 Corinthians 5:1-13 . Ramsay conjectures that the phrase is a Christian adaptation of a pagan idea, that a person wronged by another but unable to retaliate should consign the offender to the gods and leave Punishment to he inflicted by Divine power; Satan would be looked on as God’s instrument in punishing the offender; and the latter, being cast out of the Christian community, would be left as a prey to the devil
Eschatology (2) - ) to Gehenna that He spoke to those to whom this term represented the utmost condemnation and Punishment. The habit of conceiving the subject of the Divine favour or Punishment rather as a nation than as a number of individuals, made it possible, or even natural, practically to ignore the individual side of the problem of life and death, and the distinction, natural to us, between this world and that which is to come is represented in the OT mainly by the distinction between this life with God and this life without Him. The righteous could hardly be vindicated unless Punishment fell on the rebels and transgressors
Peter Epistles of - Having seen to it that they themselves do not merit Punishment, the trials through which they are passing must be merely premonitory signs of the approaching end when all sinners are to be condemned, while the righteous are to inherit eternal peace. Further, he wanted to know to what extent Christians were to be deliberately sought out for Punishment. _ In earlier times the name ‘Christian’ might have aroused suspicion, but apparently suspected persons had to be convicted of some particular crime-or at least the crime was assumed by the authorities to be capable of proof-before Punishment was inflicted. While Tacitus does not think they were guilty, he does regard them as malefactors deserving the severest of the Punishments which they received at Nero’s hands
Job, the Book of - Bildad notes that Job's Punishment is not as bad as it could have been; after all, his children died. Eliphaz: Be quiet, admit your guilt, and accept your Punishment (Job 15:1-35 )
Humiliation of Christ - But before doing so, he made his soldiers strip Him and inflict on Him the terrible Roman flagellation (Mark 15:15, Matthew 27:26), a Punishment so severe that the victim often died under it. Paul in the great passage of Matthew 27:1 : the humiliation of the Divine to the level of the human, the humiliation of the human to the level of the servant, to the level of the outcast and condemned criminal, and, lastly, to the degradation of a Punishment the most humiliating, the most shameful, the most bitter, the most revolting, the most horrible then or ever known among men
Magi - This struggle shall continue to the end of the world; and then there shall be a general resurrection, and a day of judgment: after which, the angel of darkness and his disciples shall go into a world of their own, where they shall suffer in everlasting darkness the Punishment of their evil deeds; and the angel of light and his disciples shall go into a world of their own, where they shall receive in everlasting light the reward due unto their good deeds; and henceforward they shall for ever remain separate. " The proud monarch, himself also is smitten with a singular disease;—he remains subject to it until he acknowledges the true God; and, upon his recovery, he publicly ascribes to him both the justice and the mercy of the Punishment
Drink - However in Jeremiah 8:14 ; 9:14 , and 23:15, God is said to give poisoned water to his own people, referring to the bitter Punishment they are being called to bear
Fear - The fear of God is not to be understood as the dread that comes out of fear of Punishment, but as the reverential regard and the awe that comes out of recognition and submission to the divine
Pseudepigrapha - Emphasis is placed upon judgment and Punishment
Sheba - The Koran ( Sura 34) adduces this event as an instance of the Punishment of disobedient ingratitude
Jehoiachin - This accounts for the Babylonian king inflicting so terrible a Punishment (compare Daniel 3), roasting to death Ahab (Jeremiah 29:4-9; Jeremiah 29:21-23; Jeremiah 29:27-32)
Number - The seven times of Israel's Punishment (Leviticus 26:18; Leviticus 26:21-24) are the times of the Gentile monarchies; the seven times of antichrist's tyranny in the Holy Land will be the recapitulation and open consummation of what is as yet "the mystery of iniquity
War - Civil law requires legal retaliation for wrongdoing, and therefore imposes a Punishment to suit the offence
Malachi, Theology of - Whatever the reasons for their doubt, the Lord assured them that the wicked will receive just Punishment and those who serve the Lord will be marvelously blessed (see 4:1-3)
Persecution - The primary Hebrew word for persecution, radap Lamentations, Theology of - Several traditions, such as the sin-punishment nexus, inform the book
Zedekiah - Zedekiah disregarded Jehovah's words by Jeremiah, notwithstanding the warning given in Jeconiah's Punishment. " Zedekiah was put "in prison," literally, "the house of visitations" or "punishments," where there was penal work enforced on the prisoners, as grinding, from whence Septuagint reads "in the house of the mill
Zechariah, Book of - Matthew 9:1 through 11 depict God's deliverance of His people in terms of the victory of God and His Messiah over the neighboring peoples, including the Greeks ( Zechariah 9:1-10:7 ), the return of the Exiles (Zechariah 10:6-12 ), and the Punishment of the wicked leaders of Judah (Zechariah 11:4-17 )
Blood - (2) Blood further symbolizes the life violently taken (Acts 1:19; Acts 22:20, Romans 3:15, Revelation 16:5), for which the murderer is responsible (Acts 5:28, Revelation 17:6; Revelation 18:24), and liable to the just judgment of God (Revelation 6:10; Revelation 19:2), perhaps, in poetic justice, a Punishment like the crime (cf
Deliver - This word is used of “bringing reprisal” upon someone or of “giving” him what he deserves; in some cases, the stress is on the act of reprisal (1 Kings 8:32), or bringing his Punishment on his head
Anathema - In patristic times the word denoted some ecclesiastical censure or form of Punishment, for which a precedent may have been sought in the teaching or practice of St
Judah, Kingdom of - But Ahaz, when smitten by the Syrian and Israelite confederacy of Rezin and Pekah (2 Chronicles 28; 2 Kings 16; Isaiah 7-9), which was the Punishment from Jehovah of his idolatry, adopted the fatal policy of becoming the vassal of Assyria, which "distressed but strengthened him not
Priest - The Punishment of Uzziah king of Judah is well known, who having presumed to offer incense to the Lord, was suddenly smitten with a leprosy, 2 Chronicles 26:19
Josiah - Hence Josiah was permitted, not without culpability on his part, to meddle in the ungodly world's wars, and so to fall, and with himself to withdraw the last godly ruler from the people henceforth given over to Punishment (2 Kings 23:25-30)
Blood - (2) Blood further symbolizes the life violently taken (Acts 1:19; Acts 22:20, Romans 3:15, Revelation 16:5), for which the murderer is responsible (Acts 5:28, Revelation 17:6; Revelation 18:24), and liable to the just judgment of God (Revelation 6:10; Revelation 19:2), perhaps, in poetic justice, a Punishment like the crime (cf
Poverty of Spirit - The poor, so far from suffering a deserved Punishment, were to be regarded as ‘blessed
Severus, Patriarch of Antioch - To escape the Punishment of his turbulence he fled to Constantinople, supported by a band of 200 Monophysite monks (ib
Forgiveness (2) - Forgiveness is not mere remission of penalty, the forbearing to inflict deserved Punishment, though such release is for the most part included. Punishment may still be exacted, but it has lost its penal character and becomes Divine chastisement inflicted for the improvement of the offender, or for the sake of others. But just as an offender belonging to a Christian community needs to be rebuked by the Church in order that the Divine condemnation of wrongdoing may be echoed on earth, and earthly penalties may be inflicted which may arrest further evil and so prevent the terrible danger of worse Punishment to come; so the penitent needs assurance from an earthly authority to help him in his upward course of reformation, though the real and ultimate transaction of forgiveness must rest between himself and God alone
Persecution - Those who inflict Punishment on religious offenders may not admit the charge of persecution, as, according to them, the whole life of the individual is subject to the control of the State, and any and every activity comes under the law of the land. From the point of view of the State, such Punishment deserves to be described as persecution if the secular authorities admit the contention that there is a sphere within which the secular authority has no jurisdiction, and if nevertheless it punish those who use their freedom within this sphere. But the advocates of Punishment in the case of religious recusancy deny the existence of such a sphere in the life of the individual, and therefore they do not plead guilty to the charge of persecution
Day of the Lord, God, Christ, the - God will make visible his rule of righteousness by calling for an accounting by the nations as well as individuals, dispensing Punishment for some and ushering in salvation for others. His decision for some nations, such as Tyre, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Assyria, will be Punishment (1619169446_97 ; cf
Hannah - But Elkanah's shameful licence which he had taken in that matter had by this time sufficiently revenged itself on Elkanah and on his whole house; for by the time we are introduced to Elkanah and to his house, his transgression has been made so terribly his Punishment, that his heart is as soft now, and as full of tears, as Hannah's heart itself is soft and a fountain of tears. But when Hannah crossed good Elkanah's threshold, she had still to learn that a sin against purity, a sin against human nature and the human heart, will bring down just as heavy a Punishment on a patriarch's tent as on a profligate's. Punishments of that kind are no respecters of persons
Ham - What an inexpiable curse is a defiled mind! Well might Bishop Andrewes pray every night of the week for all his life, and that too, with sweat and tears, that his transgressions might not be retained upon him as his Punishment. It would be ill to imagine a worse Punishment than an imagination steeped in sin
Canaan - His sin was to be his Punishment; Canaan should be as undutiful to him as he had been to his father Noah. So far was the extermination from being the effect of bloodthirstiness, that as soon as the terror of immediate Punishment was withdrawn they neglected God's command by sparing the remnant of the Canaanites
Calvinists - Nevertheless from him not the Punishment only came upon us, but also the infection distilled from him abideth in us, to the which the Punishment is justly due
Abortion - But with this prohibition of murder came also mandatory capital Punishment (Genesis 9:5-6 ), even for such offenses as cursing one's parents (Exodus 21:17 ) or committing adultery (Deuteronomy 22:22 ). Nevertheless, it would be unwise to dismiss outright so consistent a testimony; pregnancy is never seen as a curse, nor children as divine Punishment for sexual promiscuity
Kings, Books of - It was easy to see in this the Punishment for the king’s sins. The historic fact seems to be that the revolt preceded the defection, so that the Punishment came before the crime
Matthew, Theology of - Israel, the descendants of Abraham, however, did not always live in covenantal faithfulness; thus, God developed a system of Punishment or reward, depending on Israel's faithfulness (cf. ...
What Is Our Problem? The problem of Israel, and therefore of the new people of God, is the disobedience of Israel, which is related to the rule of Rome as God's Punishment for disobedience, and, for the church especially, the presence of "weeds" among the wheat (i
Zechariah, the Book of - The ephah, their instrument of fraud, shall be the instrument of their Punishment; idolatry and sin shall cease from Israel (Isaiah 2:18; Isaiah 4:4). How extreme the need which required God not to spare His own Fellow: Romans 8:32), saith the Lord of hosts"; and the consequent Punishment of the Jews
Psalms of Solomon - This and the captivity of many Jews that followed seem to the writer to be the Punishment meted out by God for the previous profanation of the sacrifices by some of the Jews, ‘the sons of Jerusalem,’ themselves. They were devoted to the Law (14:1), troubled about sins done in ignorance yet convinced that the Punishment of the righteous for sins done in ignorance was something very unlike that which awaited the ‘sinners’ (13:4, 5)
Exile - A third deportation, a Punishment for Gedaliah's assassination, occurred in 582 B
Tomb, Grave, Sepulchre - (d) That no body should be burned except as part of the Punishment of the most odious of crimes (Leviticus 20:14; Leviticus 21:9, Joshua 7:25)
Reproach (2) - And so it seems to be part of the method of Jesus, as understood by the Evangelists, to point out faults rather than to fasten the stigma of disgrace upon the culprit; He was more anxious to effect improvement than to inflict Punishment—His eyes being ever towards the future rather than towards the past (cf
Fall - Their transgression was speedily followed by detection and Punishment; on the serpent was laid the curse of perpetual enmity between it and mankind; the woman was doomed to the pains of child-bearing: and the man to unremitting toil in the cultivation of the ground, which was cursed on account of his sin
Jude, Epistle of - Even angels were visited with eternal Punishment for breaking bounds, and for fornication like that for which afterwards the cities of the plain perished
Law, Ten Commandments, Torah - Many times they indicate a Punishment for breaking the law (e
Moses - God's people were to be holy as he is holy (Deuteronomy 18:15-18 ), and any deviations from these requirements would result in severe Punishment
Slave, Slavery (2) - So in NT times the master could legally imprison or chastise a slave (Matthew 25:30, Luke 12:46 with the alternative rendering ‘severely scourge’), though the power of life and death was withheld, as also any Punishment that led to the loss of a limb
Bible, - It also details the future eternal Punishment of that wicked one with those who are obedient to him
Prophets, the - These nations are sometimes spoken of as being God's instruments by whom He punished His own people, they themselves having afterwards to bear the Punishments of God. To allow Israel to signify Israel in its Punishment, its restoration, and its future earthly glory, at once clears away a mass of difficulties
Ecbatana - " The following is the corresponding inscription on the sarcophagus of Esther: "I praise thee, O God, that thou hast created me! I know that my sins merit Punishment, yet I hope for mercy at thy hands; for whenever I call upon thee, thou art with me; thy holy presence secures me from all evil
Language - And as to the perfection in which the human organs are framed and fitted for the formation of articulate sounds, this is clearly an argument for believing that God immediately blessed man with the use of speech, and gave him wherewithal to exert those organs to their proper ends; for this is surely as credible, as that when he gave him an appetite for food, and proper organs to eat and to digest it, he did not leave him to seek painfully for a necessary supply, (till his offence had made such a search his curse and Punishment,) but placed him at once in the midst of abundant plenty
Clean, Cleanness - Grave moral offenses that violated God's law and polluted the nation included adultery (Leviticus 18:20 )—a capital offense (Leviticus 20:10 )—and perverted sexual activity which included bestiality, with death as the prescribed Punishment (Leviticus 20:13 )
Nero, Claudius Caesar - Thus, guilty and deserving the severest Punishment as they were, yet they were pitied, as they seemed to be put to death, not for the benefit of the state but to gratify the cruelty of an individual" (Ann
Theophilus, Bishop of Antioch - Almost the only point in which he will allow the heathen writers to be in harmony with revealed truth is in the doctrine of retribution and Punishment after death for sins committed in life (ii
Idol - Israel's disasters were the Punishment of their idolatry (Jeremiah 2:17). Judah, following the bad example in her turn, has prophets sent whom she rejects and even kills, and at nearly the same interval between the sin and the Punishment follows Israel into captivity. The Punishments were then temporal (Deuteronomy 17:2-13)
Isidorus, Archbaptist of Seville - It discourses also upon the world, the origin of evil, angels, man, the soul, and senses of the flesh, Christ and the Holy Spirit, the church and heresies, the heathen nations, the law, seven rules or principles for the understanding of Scripture, the difference between the two Testaments, symbol and prayer, baptism and communion, martyrdom, the miracles wrought by the saints, Antichrist and his works, the resurrection and judgment, hell, the Punishment of the wicked, and the glory of the just. It treats of faith in the Trinity, spiritual creation, the waters above the firmament, the firmament of heaven, the sun and moon, the devil and the nature of demons, the nature of waters and course of the ocean, Paradise, the nature of man after sin, the diversity of sinners and their place of Punishment, purgatorial fire and the future life
Eli - And when the divine vision did begin to break its long silence, and to speak again,-for Eli to accept that vision, even when it came in the shape of a sentence of capital Punishment on himself and on his house,-well, if ever faith had her perfect work in an open mind, it was surely in castaway Eli's open mind. But God's mercies always come mingled up with God's judgments, and if you have Eli's loving heart for the rising generation of God's ministers; and if with that you have a still living, if hitherto a too-barren faith in the ever-living God; in alleviation of your Punishment, and in reward of your faith and your love, He will send the beginning of the returning vision before the end of your lost life
Plagues of Egypt - ...
In the plague of frogs, their sacred river itself was made an active instrument of their Punishment, together with another of their gods. Though Pharaoh probably felt the scourge of the boil, as well as his people, it did not soften nor humble his heart; and when he wilfully and obstinately turned away from the light, and shut his eyes against the luminous evidences vouchsafed to him of the supremacy of the God of the Hebrews, and had twice broken his promise when he was indulged with a respite, and dealt deceitfully, he became a just object of Punishment; and God now began to increase the hardness or obduracy of his heart
Time - The end-time period surrounding Jesus' second coming is variously called the last times, last hour, last days, day of the Lord, day of judgment, day of Gods wrath, time of Punishment, end of the ages, end of all things
Toleration Act - whereby all persons are required to resort to their parish church or chapel, upon pain of Punishment by the censures of the church; and also upon pain that every person so offending, shall forfeit for every such offence twelve pence; nor the statute made in the 3d year of the late King James, inituled "An act for the better discovering and repressing Popish Recusants;" nor that other statute, intituled ...
"An act to prevent and avoid dangers which may grow by Popish Recussants;" nor any other law or statute of this realm made against Papists or Popish Recusants, shall be construed to extend to any person or persons dissenting from the Church of England, that shall take the oaths (of allegiance and supremacy) and shall make and subscribe the declaration (against Popery;) which oaths and declaration the justices of the peace at the general sessions of the peace for the county, or place where such persons shall live, are hereby required to administer to such persons as shall offer themselves to make and subscribe the same, and thereof to keep a register; and likewise, none of the persons aforesaid shall give or pay, as any fee or reward, to any officer belonging to the court, above the sum of sixpence, for his entry of his taking the said oaths, &c
Lamentations - ...
He also indirectly teaches his fellow countrymen that "searching our ways and turning again to the Lord," instead of complaining against what is the Punishment due for sins, is the true way of obtaining deliverance from Him who "doth not afflict willingly the children of men
Daniel - ...
It is an accordance with Medo-Persian ideas which flows from the truth of Scripture, that the mode of capital Punishment under the Babylonian rule is represented as burning (Daniel 3), but under the Medes and Persians' exposure to wild beasts, for they would have regarded fire as polluted by contact with a corpse, while they approved the devouring of bodies by animals
Predestination - In that Punishment God received glory to Himself, even out of Pharaoh's disobedience
Roman Law - ” This ordo contained a list of crimes and Punishments with the maximum and minimum penalties that could be exacted against Roman citizens. Following the cognitio , the governor would then render his verdict in the form of a sentence to a particular Punishment
Ecclesiastes, the Book of - ...
This presumes the immortality of the soul, which was more needed as a doctrine at the time when God, whose theocratic kingship Israel's self chosen king in some measure superseded, was withdrawing the extraordinary providences from whence the Mosaic law had drawn its sanctions of temporal reward or Punishment
Image - and Revelation 20:4; the Punishment of those who conformed, in Revelation 16:2 and Revelation 19:20
New Creation - The Punishment of the exile was replaced by the promise of renewal of the covenant and the establishment of God's kingdom on earth
Promise - In these contracts mechanisms existed for the Punishment of disobedient vassals, who by breaking their promises had in effect nullified the oath of the great Hittite king
Believe - Even in these circumstances, the one who did not pronounce it received the Punishment embodied in the curse
Claim - Similarly, we have allusions to war, judicial Punishment, parental authority, marriage and divorce, fasting and sumptuous living
Corner-Stone - A question was asked about the Punishment of such unfaithful servants and the transferring of the vineyard to the charge of others; and the quotation afforded Scripture proof that the necessity for such a transference, however surprising to those rejected, may actually arise in God’s administration of His kingdom
Cerinthus, Opponent of Saint John - He held that if a man died unbaptized another was to be baptized in his stead and in his name that at the day of resurrection he might not suffer Punishment and be made subject to the ἐξουσία κοσμοποίος (cf
Columbanus, Abbat of Luxeuil And Bobbio - The least deviation from the Rule entailed a definite corporal Punishment, or a severer form of fast as laid down in the Penitential (see the Rule in Messingham, u
Judgment - The time fixed by the Apostle for the burning of the heavens and the earth, namely, the day of judgment and Punishment of ungodly men, shows that the Apostle is speaking, not of the destruction of a single city or nation during the subsistence of the world, but of the earth itself, with all the wicked who have dwelt thereon
Reconciliation - If, then, to receive the reconciliation is to receive the remission of sins, and in effect to be delivered from wrath or Punishment, to be reconciled must have a corresponding signification
Jeremiah - He bewailed, in pathetic expostulation, the shameless adulteries which had provoked the Almighty, after long forbearance, to threaten Judah with inevitable Punishment, at the time that false prophets deluded the nation with the promises of "assured peace," and when the people, in impious contempt of "the Lord's word," defied its accomplishment
Passover And Feast of Unleavened Bread - ( a ) The most widely accepted theory is that it was in origin the shepherd’s offering of the first-fruits from his flocks, the slaughter of the Egyptian firstborn being Pharaoh’s Punishment for hindering this observance
Marcion, a 2nd Century Heretic - Marcion then thought the infliction of Punishment inconsistent with perfect goodness, and would only concede the title of just to the God of O. On unredeemed souls no Punishment would be inflicted by Marcion's good God—he would merely abandon them to the vengeance of the Demiurge; but Tertullian shewed that if direct Punishment were inconsistent with perfect goodness such abandonment must be equally so
Synagogue (2) - Besides all this, he had to teach the children, and to scourge such culprits as the synagogue, when acting as a court of law, condemned to that Punishment. Excommunication was the Punishment of offences that were thought to imperil the stability of the Jewish community (Luke 6:22, John 9:22; John 12:42; John 16:2)
Vespasian - Nero felt compelled to recall Vespasian to Court as the only suitable man to inflict the deserved Punishment on the Jews. As a Punishment the secondary temple at Heiopolis was destroyed, by order of the Emperor
Sin - After his sin, far from manifesting guilt or remorse, Cain confesses nothing, refuses to repent, and chides God for the harshness of his Punishments (4:5-14). The history Moses recounts also shows that Punishment naturally follows, or is built into iniquity. "...
Exodus reveals that sin not only brings suffering and Punishment, but also violates the law of the Lord, Israel's holy redeemer and king
Assumption of Moses - The two tribes are carried into captivity, and confess their Punishment to be just, as also do the ten tribes. The future heavenly abode of the righteous, and the future Punishment of Israel’s enemies in Gehenna, are distinctively Pharisaic ideas
Law of Moses - ( Numbers 15:32,36 ) Punishment in all cases, death by stoning . ( Numbers 35:30 ; 17:6,7) (d) Punishment , except by special command, to be personal, and not to extend to the family
Samson - ]'>[1] monuments; to be put to the mill was a frequent Punishment of slaves
Divination - I will answer him by Myself" (by My own special interposition), answering the fool according to his folly, making the sinner's sin his own Punishment
Judgment - The inadequacy and inequalities of Punishment here seem to demand a final adjusting of the accounts of all men on principles of eternal equity
Elijah - ...
Elijah appeared on the scene without warning, introduction, or genealogy (1 Kings 17:1 ) to deliver an oracle to Ahab announcing a drought, presumably a Punishment for defection to the Baal cult
Jeremiah, Book of - This is denounced by Jeremiah and its Punishment foretold
Blasphemy (2) - Wellhausen understands it to be equivalent to eternal Punishment (‘schuldig ewiger Sünde, d
Philistim - "Thus saith the Lord, For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away the Punishment thereof
Deluge - ]'>[7] ; His hatred of sin and His Punishment of sinners; but at the same time His merciful kindness to them that obey Him, which is shown in rescuing them from destruction, and in entering into a covenant with them
Amos, Theology of - He also looks beyond the gloom of Punishment to a time when he will rejuvenate the land and establish the remnant there (9:11-15). ...
Amos's purpose in uttering oracles about nations beyond the borders of eighth-century Israel is not only to declare the impending Punishment of others who have been disloyal to Yahweh
Job, Theology of - 7-10) and Bildad (8:4) states that Job's children were killed as Punishment for their sins. In the second cycle of speeches, all three friends emphasize God's certain Punishment of the wicked
Justification (2) - ), whose righteousness results in the Punishment of sinners (Psalms 1:5-6, Psalms 9:16, Psalms 11:5-6 etc. Finally, there is no fear of final Punishment (Romans 5:9), but rather a joyful hope, nay certainty, of ultimate salvation (Romans 5:2; Romans 5:10, Romans 6:23, Romans 8:30; Romans 8:38-39)
Jesus Christ - As 40 is the number in Scripture implying affliction, sin, and Punishment (Genesis 7:4; Genesis 7:12; Numbers 14:33; 1 Corinthians 15:47 Psalms 95:10; Deuteronomy 25:3; Ezekiel 29:11; Ezekiel 4:6; Jonah 3:4), Christ the true Israel (Deuteronomy 8:3; Deuteronomy 8:16; Deuteronomy 9:9; Deuteronomy 9:11-25) denied Himself 40 days, answering to Israel's 40 years' provocation of God and Punishment by death in the wilderness
Hammurabi - Punishments include immersion in the river, “lex talionis,” fines, restitution by labor or in kind, and death. Death was the Punishment for rape as in Deuteronomy 22:25
Hosea, Theology of - Punishment was outlined in the covenant stipulations, which they had violated at every turn
Disease - Even the pains of childbirth are held to be a Punishment for sin ( Genesis 3:16 ; cf. The code of Punishments prescribed by the law for particular sins rests upon this evaluation, that the sinner should suffer
Esther - His wife and all his friends shared his guilt (Esther 5:14), and therefore by a retributive providence shared his Punishment (Esther 9)
Prophecy, Prophet - A prediction of Punishment may not have been fulfilled, because the people repented (Jeremiah 18:7-10; Jeremiah 26:17-19; Jonah 3:4; Jonah 3:10)
Joshua, Theology of - 6); the identification of the sin of Achan, his capital Punishment, and the marking of the site of his burial (chap
Paul as a Preacher - Then, although we be in ourselves altogether sinful and unrighteous, yet even the man who is in himself impious, full of iniquity, full of sin; him being found in Christ through faith, and having his sin in hatred through repentance, him God beholdeth with a gracious eye; putteth away his sin by not imputing it; taketh quite away the Punishment due thereunto, by pardoning it; and accepteth him in Christ Jesus, as perfectly righteous, as if he had fulfilled all that is commanded him in the law; shall I say more perfectly righteous than if himself had fulfilled the whole law? I must take heed what I say, but the apostle saith, 'God made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him
Atonement - Christ is not a third party who comes between God and humanity to absorb all the Punishment God can inflict
Simeon - Simeon in his prayer, "pray that none of these things which ye have spoken come upon me," shows that fear of Punishment, not hatred of sin, influenced him as Pharaoh (Exodus 8:8)
Pharisees - 18:1, section 3) says: "the Pharisees say that the soul of good men only passes over into another body, while the soul of bad men is chastised by eternal Punishment
Carpocrates, Philospher - Though brought up in Jewish customs, He had despised them, and therefore had received powers enabling Him to destroy the passions which are given to men as a Punishment
Prophets - They then adopted extraordinary modes of expressing their convictions of impending wrath, and endeavoured to awaken the apprehensions of their country, by the most striking illustration of threatened Punishment
Socinians - By men warmly attached to their own religion, and who had at all times regarded the Socinians as undermining its foundation, this youthful excess was represented as confirming all the charges that had been made against the community to which the perpetrators belonged, and they determined to exert themselves to procure their Punishment or extirpation
Angel - What the evil angels possessed before their fall the like powers, which they are still occasionally permitted to exercise for the Punishment of wicked nations, seems also evident
Jephthah - Meantime, through Jehovah's anger at Israel's apostasy to Baalim, Ashtaroth, the gods of Ammon, etc, he sold them (compare Romans 7:14, gave them up to the wages that their sin had earned) into the hands of those very people whose gods they chose (Judges 10:7; Judges 10:17-18), the instrument of their sin being made the instrument of their Punishment (Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19)
John the Apostle - Tertullian's story of his being cast into boiling oil at Rome and coming forth unhurt is improbable; none else records it; the Punishment was one unheard of at Rome
David - ...
The elders trembling, lest his visit should be for judicial Punishment of some sin, inquired, "Comest thou peaceably?" He answered, "Peaceably. ...
Too late David acknowledged to the only survivor, Abiathar, that he had thereby occasioned their death (1 Samuel 22); so liable are even believers to vacillation and to consequent Punishment
God - The sins of Israel had earned God's just Punishment, which came ultimately in the form of conquest and the exile of Israel (722 b. ...
The God of wisdom operates on the principle of just rewards and Punishment
Hermas Shepherd of - The former is the angel of self-indulgence and deceit, the latter the angel of Punishment. A few days later Hermas is afflicted by this angel of Punishment, and in the seventh Parable he is taught that this is because of the sins of his household
History - Covenant with Israel The spread of sin despite God's Punishment and grace explains why God chose one people—Abraham's family
Death, Mortality - Murderers are to receive the sentence of capital Punishment (Genesis 9:5-6 ) because we are made in the image of God
Mary, the Virgin - On Mary's saluting Elisabeth the latter hailed her as "mother of her Lord," inasmuch as at her salutation "the babe leaped in her womb for joy," adding, in contrast to Zacharias whose unbelief had brought its own Punishment," blessed is she that believed, for there shall be a performance of those things told her from the Lord
Daniel, the Book of - ...
But when God's people rested on the world powers the instrument of their sin was made the instrument of their Punishment
Sacrifice - The escaping of divine Punishment was not something that sinners brought about, but was due to God himself (see PROPITIATION)
Festivals - If they disobeyed, they were liable to capital Punishment (Leviticus 23:30 )
Exodus, Book of - Punishment for sorcery, bestiality, and idolatry (Exodus 22:18-20 )...
G
God - He opposes evil through personal expressions of His wrath, anger, judgment, Punishment, and jealousy
Ishmael - Faith looks above the cloud, and sees God ordering all things for the good of His people and for the Punishment of the transgressors at the last
Chronicles, the Books of - Jehoram's idolatry and Punishment (2 Chronicles 21)
Census - Apparently David had neglected to have the half shekel apiece payment made to God in recognition of His sovereignty (Exodus 30:12-13); in which respect the people shared the guilt and therefore the Punishment
Gideon - ...
Coming unexpectedly on the host which thought itself "secure" amidst their Bedouin countrymen at Karkor, in a third battle he defeated them and slew Zebah and Zalmunnah the two kings (emirs) after battle, in just retribution for their having slain his kingly brothers in cold blood at Tabor; then he taught by corporal Punishment with thorns the elders of Succoth to know their error, and beat down the tower of Penuel
Popery - Of the same kind is the doctrine of satisfactions; which supposes that penitents may truly satisfy, by the afflictions they endure under the dispensations of Providence, or by voluntary penances to which they submit, for the temporal penalties of sin to which they are subject, even after the remission of their eternal Punishment
Kindness (2) - ...
A view of Christ’s ethical teaching as a whole makes it clear that the stress thus laid on the duty of kindness favours no loosening of obligation to justice and fidelity in the manifold relationships of men, nor does it do away with the duty and need of Punishment when that obligation is violated
Good - While there are a few passages pointing towards universal restoration, there are others indicating eternal Punishment, and some even on which has been based a theory of conditional immortality
Death - It is the correlative, easily suggested by the expression ‘eternal life’ which is so conspicuous a topic of NT teaching, and it serves loosely as an equivalent for the antitheses to ‘life’ or ‘eternal life’ that actually occur, such as ‘destruction’ ( Matthew 7:13 ), ‘the eternal fire’ ( Matthew 18:8 ), ‘eternal Punishment’ ( Matthew 25:46 )
Ammonites - The Prophet Ezekiel, Ezekiel 25:4-10 , denounces their entire destruction, and informs them, that God would deliver them up to the people of the east; and that the Ammonites should no more be mentioned among the nations: and this Punishment they were to suffer for insulting the Israelites on account of their calamities, and the destruction of their temple by the Chaldeans
Houses - But the sacred writers mention another kind of window, which was large and airy; it was called חלין , and was large enough to admit a person of mature age being cast out of it; a Punishment which that profligate woman Jezebel suffered by the command of Jehu, the authorized exterminator of her family
Banquet - They could not now refuse, without violating their word, and insulting the master of the feast, and, therefore justly subjected themselves to Punishment
David - His kindness to the Gentile king of Ammon was refused and his messengers were insulted, which brought Punishment upon the Ammonites and their allies. A choice of three Punishments was offered to him, and he piously chose to be dealt with by God, for he knew His tender mercies were great, rather than to fall into the hands of his enemies
Plagues of Egypt - Thus the following discussion of the plagues may claim to be entirely constructive; it seeks to destroy nothing, but aims at showing it to be probable that the providence of God worked in Egypt by means of a series of natural phenomena, upon which the religious instinct of the Hebrew writers unerringly seized as signs of God’s favour to their forefathers, and of Punishment to their oppressors
History - Covenant with Israel The spread of sin despite God's Punishment and grace explains why God chose one people—Abraham's family
Peace - The Piël species of the verb has two main significations-the religious one of performing a ritual obligation (Deuteronomy 23:22), and the forensic one of recompensing, sensu malo of Punishment (Jeremiah 25:14) or of trade-exchange (Psalms 37:21)
Covenant - A covenant ratification ceremony was performed in a vision to Abram in which the blessing of peace for Abram and a curse (punishment) was pronounced on those enslaving covenantal seed (15:12-21). Instruction concerning ownership of property, rights involved, Punishment, and ways of making restitution was added
Education - ...
In the education of the Jewish boy, Punishment, we may be sure, was not withheld. Among them are school copies giving the letters of the alphabet, Syllables, common words and proper names, conjugation of verbs, pithy or proverbial sayings as headlines, and there are even exercises having the appearance of being school Punishments (E. ...
The mention of school Punishments leads to the subject of school discipline. In the Psalms of Solomon, a Jewish book written under Greek influence, there is reference both to the rod (ῥάβδος, 7:8) and to the lash (μάστιξ, 18:8) as instruments of Punishment; and ‘chastening,’ ‘correction’ (παιδεία), occurs again and again in this sense (Ephesians 6:4, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 12:11; cf
Freedom of the Will - The only result of determinism in practical life is in the formation of judgments with regard to personal responsibility and the infliction of Punishment. Punishment would become, what it is indeed at present often held to be, non-retributive; it would be only disciplinary and deterrent. It appeals to no interested motives, either of hope or fear; it promises no rewards, threatens no Punishments
Moses - After thus destroying their idol, he inflicted Punishment on the idolaters themselves; for he summoned all that were on the Lord's side to attend him; and all the Levites having obeyed the call, he sent them, in the name of the Lord, to slay all the idolaters, from one end of the camp to the other, without favour or affection either to their neighbour or to their brother; and they slew about three thousand men. ...
On the return of the Israelites, after many years' wandering, to the same disastrous station of Kadesh-barnea, even Moses himself was guilty of an offence, in which his brother Aaron was involved, and for which both were excluded, as a Punishment, from entering the promised land
Revelation, Book of - A point of departure for the identification of the historical figures who are to be subjected to the Messianic Punishment might be thought to be the number of the Beast 666 that is to say, the Emperor Nero, who was expected to return from the dead (see Beast Scripture, Unity And Diversity of - How God can hate sin and love sinners, save some and consign others to eternal Punishment, defies explanation in the minds of many sensitive people
Herod - Jews and Christians alike looked on his end as a fitting Punishment for his heathenism
Numbers, Book of - Laws concerning: ( h ) Meal-offerings and libations (1 16), ( i ) cake of first of ‘ăr îsôth (17 21), ( j ) propitiation for sins of Ignorance (22 31), ( k ) Punishment for Sabbath-breaking (32 38), ( l ) tassels (37 41), ( m ) 16 JEP
Flood, the - In contrast with the ancient Near Eastern flood stories, in which no cause of the flood is given (Gilgamesh Epic) or in which the gods decide to wipe out their human slaves because they are making too much noise (Atrahasis Epic and Eridu Genesis), the biblical account provides a profound theological motivation for the flood: humankind's moral depravity and sinfulness, the all-pervading corruption and violence of all living beings ("all flesh") on earth (Genesis 6:1-8,11-12 ), which demands divine Punishment
Atonement - The sacrificial death of the first goat showed clearly that the offense of sin requires the Punishment of death (Ezekiel 18:4 )
Justice - False witnesses and these were evidently not unknown had to suffer the same Punishment as the victim of their false testimony would have had to undergo, or had undergone
Last Day(s), Latter Days, Last Times - The prophets could speak of a "day" when the Lord would act, sometimes in Punishment of evil, sometimes in bringing blessing
Lots - A war was the war primarily not of Israel but of Jahweh, and that specially if it was for the Punishment of wrong-doing; hence the members of a punitive expedition were chosen by lot (Judges 20:9), hence also the spoil taken in war (Judges 5:30), whether captives (2 Samuel 8:2, Nahum 3:10, Joel 3:3) or sections of a conquered city (Obadiah 1:11), The services of the sanctuary were sacred; hence the priestly functions were assigned to the orders by lot (1 Chronicles 24:5; 1 Chronicles 24:7, Luke 1:9), Shemaiah the scribe writing out the lots in the presence of a committee consisting of the king, the high priest, and other functionaries (1 Chronicles 24:6; 1 Chronicles 24:31)
Mockery - Thus the Crucifixion on this view was not a Punishment specially designed for Christ, but merely the fate which annually befell the malefactor who played Haman
Star (2) - Moses]'>[3] was with child, and that this redeemer was destined to suffer Punishment through water
Esdras, the Second Book of - In the earlier chapters, the eschatology is entirely of an individual character, concerning itself with the future of the soul, and postulating, immediately after death, a personal judgment and entrance into an eternal world of Punishment and reward (7:75ff
Hilarius Arelatensis, Saint, Bishop of Arles - named Chelidonius, the validity of whose position was assailed on the two grounds that he had married a widow while yet a layman, and that he had previously, as a lay magistrate, pronounced sentences of capital Punishment
the Slothful Servant Who Hid His Lord's Money - He had for long been ambitious of the city, and he had a sharp Punishment that day for despising his small congregation; for hiding his talent at home because there would not be enough people to appreciate it
Joseph And Mary - And as Joseph talked with Zacharias through his writing table, he must have felt that dumbness, and even death itself, would be but a light Punishment for such unbelief and such cruelty as his
Priest - The Punishment of Uzziah is well known, 2 Chronicles 26:19 , who, having presumed to offer incense to the Lord, was suddenly smitten with a leprosy, put out of his palace, and excluded from the administration of affairs to the day of his death
Almighty - The wicked go away into everlasting Punishment, but the righteous into life eternal
Fall of Man - The date agrees; for the knowledge here taught is said to arise from facts as old as the first placing of man upon earth, and the sudden Punishment of the iniquity corresponds to the Mosaic account: "The triumphing of the wicked is short, his joy but for a moment
Resurrection - We answer, that rewards and Punishments have their relation to the body, not so much as it is the subject but as it is the instrument of reward and Punishment
Synagogue - The council of elders not only took a part in the management of the internal concerns of the synagogue, but also punished transgressors of the public laws, either by turning them out of the synagogue, or decreeing the Punishment of thirty- nine stripes, John 12:42 ; John 16:2 ; 2 Corinthians 11:24
Egypt - The Egyptians not only esteemed many species of animals as sacred, which might not be killed without the Punishment of death, but individual animals were kept in temples and worshipped with sacrifices, as gods
Take - To appropriate to to admit to be imputed to as, to take upon one's self a Punishment
Donatus And Donatism - 398) decreeing the Punishment of death to all who dared to violate churches and maltreat the clergy was evidently directed against the Circumcellions. Augustine wrote letters to the chief minister Olympius; and fresh edicts, enforcing previous laws, fines, and Punishments, were sent to Africa. " The conference at Carthage and the emperor had laid down laws which they disobeyed and thus deserved Punishment (Dan_3:29)
Lutherans - But even here it was not conceived that a total deliverance takes, place; a liberation from guilt and eternal Punishment is effected, but not from temporal, which is never remitted unless either by the infliction of some personal suffering or satisfactory compensation required of him who is already justified and approved by Heaven. However, to accomplish this remaining object, nothing more is wanting than a continuation, to a sufficient intensity, of that compunction of heart which is now denominated CONTRITION, grace supplying the defects of nature, and enabling penitential merit not only to justify, but to obtain exemption from Punishment of every species
Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrrhus - His disgracefully violent language with regard to his former friend Nestorius—whom he stigmatizes as an instrument of Satan, a man who by his pride had plunged the church into disorders, and under the cloak of orthodoxy introduced the denial of the Divinity and of the Incarnation of the Only-begotten Son, and who at last met with the Punishment he deserved, a sign of his future Punishment—would warrant the charitable hope that this chapter has been erroneously ascribed to Theodoret
Covenant - Breaking covenant conditions meant treason and extreme Punishment (Ezekiel 17:12-18 ; compare Amos 1:9 )
Wilderness of the Wanderings - After their repulse they lingered for long ("many days," Deuteronomy 1:45-46) hoping for a reversal of their Punishment
Ezra, the Book of - 132, confirms Ezra that Darius had "sons" already, though he had but just ascended the throne), mentions the "tribute" (Ezra 6:8) which (Herodotus, 3:89) he was the first to impose on the provinces, and threatens the refractory with impaling, his usual mode of Punishment (Ezra 6:11; Behistun inscription; Herodotus, 3:159)
Law - Legation), is the fact established on independent proofs, namely, that Israel's government was administered by an extraordinary providence, distributing reward and Punishment according to obedience or disobedience severally. ...
But while not sanctioning his law by future rewards or Punishments, Moses shows both that he believed in them himself, and sets forth such proofs of them as would suggest themselves to every thoughtful and devout Israelite, though less clearly than they were revealed subsequently under David, Solomon, and the prophets, when they became matter of general belief
James - " "The sword" was the instrument of his execution, Herod preferring the Roman method to the Jewish Punishment of seducers to strange worship, namely, stoning
Satan (2) - ...
Once more, in Christ’s discourse on the Last Judgment, it is expressly stated that the everlasting Punishment to which the unfaithful are condemned was ‘prepared for the devil and his angels’ (Matthew 25:41), a passage which well illustrates the manner in which, in the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus is consistently represented as alluding to Satan and his power and kingdom
Corinthians, Second Epistle to - , and on the strength of his Apostolic authority ordered the Punishment of the incestuous person ( 1 Corinthians 5:1-5 )
Matthew, the Gospel of - The Son of Man controls final judgment and will send those who reject Him to eternal Punishment (Matthew 13:36-43 )
Gestures - Exodus 17:11), and, by way of contrast, the stretching out of the hand in OT as an act of Punishment (Exodus 7:5; see other instances collected by Plummer in his note on Luke 5:13)
Aaron - The Punishment corresponded to the sin; pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall
the Rich Man And Lazarus - " And like Jeremiah also, Lazarus would remember the sins of his youth, and then he would lament in this manner-"Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the Punishment of his sins? He sitteth alone and keepeth silence
Simon Magus - And Simon Magus was at once the natural product, and the divine Punishment, of that apostate land in which we find him living in such mountebank prosperity
the Disobedient Prophet - ...
At the same time, to be slain by a lion on the way home was surely much too sharp a Punishment for taking one's supper with a prophet and an angel; uneasy conscience and all
Wealth - ...
The prophets continue the theme of offering prosperity for obedience and threatening its removal as a Punishment for sin
Disease - Other ends were in the Divine purview besides the Punishment of personal sin (John 9:3)
Fig-Tree - Not merely is the girdled fig-tree an OT emblem of the Punishment of Israel (Joel 1:7, cf
Advent (2) - By their insistence on conformity to the regulations they had added to the Law as a condition of Divine favour, the scribes and Pharisees, who were the most numerous and aggressive party, converted religion itself into a matter of slavish obedience, in which the instigating motives were the hope of reward and the fear of Punishment
Dionysius, Pseudo-Areopagita - § 35), for a settlement of the question how far evil, being such as is described, deserves Punishment at the hands of God
Joshua - Neither the piety of Melchizedek nor the awful Punishment of Sodom and Gomorrah had led them to repentance
Oaths - And to swear by one’s head Matthew 23:36) involves an appeal to Him in whose hands our destiny lies, and who alone can bring upon our heads the Punishment of perjury
Judges, the Book of - The appended histories are placed at the end not to interrupt the historical sequence of judges according to the plan stated at the first, also chiefly because these histories are not isolated facts but permanent influences for evil (Judges 18:30-31); Gibeah's evil was not eradicated by Benjamin's terrible Punishment, but must have affected the tribes generally, as their sore chastisement at first proves; and Hosea testifies the evil continued ever afterward (Judges 9:9; Judges 10:9)
Greece, Religion And Society of - Some were even sold outside their homeland, and others fled their native land to avoid Punishment
Ethics - ...
Similarly, human life was to be regarded as so sacred that premeditated murder carried with it the penalty of capital Punishment in order to show respect for the smitten victim's being made in the image of God (Genesis 9:5-6 )
Evangelize, Evangelism - For this their divine Punishment was to experience oppression at the hands of the Babylonians
Exodus, the Book of - The second group began with the 'arob , dog flies (whose bite inflames severely, and particularly the eyelid), or else beetles (worshipped by the Egyptians as the symbol of creative and reproductive power; the sun god was represented as a beetle; thus their god was fittingly made the instrument of their Punishment, inflicting a painful bite, and consuming various articles)
Resurrection - The resurrection of the just to reward and the unjust to Punishment resolved the otherwise meaningless existence for those who followed Yahweh during times of persecution
Gratianus, Emperor - of Alexandria—that is to say, should confess the one deity and equal majesty of the three persons of the Blessed Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; and further, that they alone who hold this faith are to be called Catholics , and their places of meeting churches ; while the rest are branded as heretics, and are threatened with an indefinite Punishment (Cod
Zechariah, Theology of - One of the reasons for the Punishment of exile was that the Jews had been participating in the Canaanite fertility cult
Dispersion - Acts 18:14-15), and were apparently permitted to inflict Punishment for what they looked upon as schism or apostasy (Acts 26:11, 2 Corinthians 11:24)
Bride - And if she proved unfaithful to her betrothed husband, she was punished as an adulteress; and her seducer incurred the same Punishment as if he had polluted the wife of his neighbour
Prayer - Not seldom, however, there is a more spiritual aim: in Acts 21:6 pardon is sought for its own sake, not to avert Punishment, and 1619169447_166 is notable for repeated requests for inward enlightenment and quickening
Lots - A war was the war primarily not of Israel but of Jahweh, and that specially if it was for the Punishment of wrong-doing; hence the members of a punitive expedition were chosen by lot (Judges 20:9), hence also the spoil taken in war (Judges 5:30), whether captives (2 Samuel 8:2, Nahum 3:10, Joel 3:3) or sections of a conquered city (Obadiah 1:11), The services of the sanctuary were sacred; hence the priestly functions were assigned to the orders by lot (1 Chronicles 24:5; 1 Chronicles 24:7, Luke 1:9), Shemaiah the scribe writing out the lots in the presence of a committee consisting of the king, the high priest, and other functionaries (Numbers 26:55-566; 1 Chronicles 24:31)
Sidonius Apollinaris, Saint - of Marseilles, recounting the unswerving loyalty of the Auvergnians and their sufferings during the siege, and inveighing bitterly against the selfish policy which, to secure for a time only the districts in which the negotiators were interested, had handed over the faithful province of Auvergne for Punishment to the enemy
Dispersion - Acts 18:14-15), and were apparently permitted to inflict Punishment for what they looked upon as schism or apostasy (Acts 26:11, 2 Corinthians 11:24)
Trade And Commerce - The ‘numbering of the people,’ which lived on in popular tradition as an iniquity earning condign Punishment, doubtless belonged to the commencements of orderly government
Immorality, Sexual - ...
The shorter list of prohibited relationships in Leviticus 20:10-21 deals with many of the same offenses, but also prescribes Punishments for such violations of Israel's moral code. The phrase "their blood will be on their own heads" is a euphemism for capital Punishment
Fellowship (2) - How sacred this fellowship was is manifest from the terrible Punishment meted out to Ananias and Sapphira for violating the mutual trust that made the brother hood possible (Acts 5)
Priest - The typical teaching of Korah's Punishment is the same; not satisfied with the Levitical ministry, he usurped the sacerdotal priesthood (Numbers 16:9-10); his doom warns all Christian ministers who, not content with the ministry, usurp Christ's intransmissible priesthood (Hebrews 7:24)
Prophet - Prophecy has a moral purpose, and mercifully gives God's loving fatherly warning to the impenitent, that by turning from sin they may avert righteous Punishment
Timothy And Titus Epistles to - The fearful example of two apostates excommunicated in the hope that Punishment would lead to their reformation
David - This was soon after followed by a pestilence, brought upon the land as a Punishment for David's sinful pride in numbering the people (2 Samuel 24 ), in which no fewer than 70,000 perished in the space of three days
Kings, the Books of - Thus, Samuel by His direction anointed Saul and David to reign over His people; Nathan announced God's promise that David's throne and seed should be forever (2 Samuel 7); then when he sinned Nathan remounted his Punishment, and upon his repentance immediate forgiveness (2 Samuel 12); similarly, Gad (2 Samuel 24)
Eternal Life, Eternality, Everlasting Life - The ultimate outcome of rejection of Jesus Christ is "eternal fire" (Matthew 18:8 ; 25:41 ; Jude 7 ), "eternal Punishment" (Matthew 25:46 ) and "eternal [NIV: "everlasting"; the Greek word is aion [1]] destruction
Holy Spirit, Gifts of - Capital Punishment may no longer be appropriate (Deuteronomy 18:20 ), but surely no one need fear (or heed!) such individuals (v
Sacrifice - Chattath ("sin and Punishment") the "sin offering"
Jesuits - Many crimes and plots were laid to the charge of the order; but whatever may have been their demerit, the Punishment was too summary to admit of justification; and many innocent individuals were subjected to sufferings beyond the deserts even of the guilty
Heaven - (account of the ten heavens in order; Paradise is in the third heaven, and also the place of Punishment for the wicked), Leviticus 2, lxvii, 2, 4 Maccabees 13:16; 4 Maccabees 5:37; 4 Maccabees 18:23 (note the phrase ‘Abraham’s bosom’ used for the place of rest for the righteous after death)
Life And Death - , with the first death by which the life on earth is ended (see Punishment)
Evil - The most common term for cultic evil in the Old Testament (used over 200 times) is awon [1], Leviticus 5:17 ; 17:16 ); and (3) the Punishment for the act (e
Roman Law in the nt - This Sanhedrin could not inflict capital Punishment without leave of the procurator (John 18:31), but the latter often applied Jewish law, and this seems to be the meaning of Festus’ proposal to send St
Little Ones - ‘Such little children’ (Matthew 18:5) God takes under His own protection, rewarding those who do them benefits, and visiting with the severest Punishment those who evil-entreat them; their angels ever behold the Father’s face in heaven; if they go astray everything is left that they may be recovered; the Father’s will is pledged that no one of them shall perish
Sin (2) - It is always the sentence, Punishment, or wages (Romans 6:23; see art
Holiness Purity - There the thought has affinity with Isaiah 5:18, where God is said to ‘sanctify’ Himself, by inflicting righteous Punishment on the sinners of Israel
Athenagoras - Both Justin and Athenagoras urged that Christians were unconvicted of any crime, that the mere name does not deserve Punishment, and that they were no more Atheists than the poets and the philosophers; and both, in a similar manner, shew the unworthiness of sacrificial worship
Jesus Christ - The same might be said of the illumination of the mind; the sanctification of the heart; the resurrection of the dead: the judging of the world; the glorification of the righteous; the eternal Punishment of the wicked; all which works, in one part of Scripture, are ascribed to God; and all which, in another part of Scripture, are ascribed to Jesus Christ
Ephraim (4) the Syrian - He knows how to awaken terror and alarm, as he sets forth before the sinner his Punishment, God's righteous judgment, his destined condemnation; he knows, too, how to build up and comfort, where he proclaims the hopes of the faithful and the bliss of eternal happiness
Priests And Levites - Had these been in vogue at the time, we should certainly have found some reference to them in 2 Samuel 6:1-23 such as we find abundantly in the parallel in 1 Chronicles 15:1-29 , where 1 Chronicles 15:2 suggests that the death of Uzzah was a Punishment for other than Levites having carried the ark
Jerusalem - In Punishment for his walking in the Israelite Ahab's idolatries instead of the ways of his father, and for his slaying his brothers, Jehovah smote him with a great stroke, stirring up the spirit of the Philistines and the Arabians near the Ethiopians to break into Judah, slay all his sons except the youngest (in retributive justice both to himself and his sons: 2 Chronicles 21:4; 2 Chronicles 21:10-20; 2 Chronicles 22:1; 2 Chronicles 24:7), and carry away all the substance in the king's house, and his wives; he himself also died of sore disease by Jehovah's visitation, and was excluded from "the sepulchres of the kings," though buried in the city of David
Lust - ...
To the NT, then, evil desires contaminate, corrupt, and destroy the soul itself and bring upon it God’s Punishment
Immortality (2) - Here it need only be said that parables such as those of the Rich Man and Lazarus, the Wise and Foolish Virgins, or the Wedding Feast, do not in themselves suggest or demand any inequality of treatment as regards the mere duration of the allotted Punishment or reward; and that references to the Judgment, the Day of Judgment, or the Last Day are equally neutral, as far as direct statement is concerned
Childhood - When a boy became bar-mizvah, there was a lightening of the paternal responsibility regarding him, and a sense of relief surely found expression in the benediction pronounced by the father on that occasion—‘Blessed be He for having freed me from this Punishment
Isidorus Pelusiota, an Eminent Ascetic - 297) warns a wicked magistrate to flee from eternal Punishment (i
Arminianism - Refusing to submit to the two last of these hard decrees, they were subjected to fines, imprisonments, and various other Punishments. That God, from all eternity, determined to bestow salvation on those whom he foresaw would persevere unto the end in their faith in Christ Jesus: and to inflict everlasting Punishment on those who should continue in their unbelief, and resist unto the end his divine succours; so that election was conditional, and reprobation in like manner the result of foreseen infidelity and persevering wickedness
Proverbs - ’ The proverb was derived from the Punishment of drowning
Sanhedrin - 4), capital Punishment wag pronounced and executed by the Little Sanhedrin of twenty-three in the various provinces or tribes, but the tribunal of seventy-one in the Temple of Jerusalem was the only body vested with power and authority (1) to pronounce a verdict in a process affecting a tribe, a false prophet, or the high priest; (2) to declare war against a nation not belonging to ancient Canaan or Amalek; (3) to extend the character of holiness to additional parts of the Temple, or of Jerusalem; (4) to appoint Sanhedrin over the tribes; (5) to execute judgment against a city that had lapsed into idolatry
Ideas (Leading) - ...
Our Lord clearly sets before us the reward of goodness and the Punishment which awaits unrepented sin
Persecution - Some they bound before a great fire, and, being half toasted, let them go; a Punishment worse than death
Religion (2) - Punishment will be proportioned to knowledge and reward to fidelity
Noah - " This account agrees with the Bible in making the flood a divine Punishment for sin, and threatening the taking of life for life
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - In the final chapter, when Gad, the prophet, gives David three options for Punishment after his sin in the matter of the census taking, David says, "Let us fall into the hands of the Lord, for his mercy is great; but do not let me fall into the hands of men" (2 Samuel 24:14 )
Jesus Christ - Pilate made a series of attempts to release Jesus, including the offer to release a prisoner (they chose Barabbas instead) and the flogging of Jesus as Punishment, but death by crucifixion was their ultimate demand
Heaven - (account of the ten heavens in order; Paradise is in the third heaven, and also the place of Punishment for the wicked), Leviticus 2, lxvii, 2, 4 Maccabees 13:16; 1 John 3:1-3,; 4 Maccabees 18:23 (note the phrase ‘Abraham’s bosom’ used for the place of rest for the righteous after death)
Boyhood - The discipline is of the sternest kind, corporal Punishment being freely used
Calendar, the Christian - 22), that the ‘Saviour and His Apostles’ did not make fixed rules as to the observance of days, and ‘enjoined us by no law to keep this feast [1], nor do the Gospels and Apostles threaten us with any penalty, Punishment, or curse for the neglect of it, as the Mosaic Law does the Jews
Jeremiah - The Judæans, instead of being cowed by the recent Punishment, were eager for a rising; public opinion expressed itself in Hananiah’s contradiction to Jeremiah’s warnings (ch
Miracle - Were every person instructed in the knowledge of his duty by immediate inspiration, and were the motives to practise it brought home to his mind by God himself, human nature would be wholly changed; men would not be moral agents, nor by consequence be capable either of reward or of Punishment
Book - The extreme length and breadth of it shows the excessive number and enormity of their sins, and the extent of their Punishment
Mahometanism - ...
When the time which he conceived to be favourable for the grand object of his ambition had arrived, he openly declared that he was the prophet of the most high God; but the magistrates of Mecca, despising his pretensions, or dreading the evils which might result from religious innovation, vigorously opposed him, and he found himself compelled, in order to avoid the Punishment which they were preparing to inflict on him to have recourse to flight
Romans, Epistle to the - The wilful ignorance which denies the Creator has led to the awful Punishment of moral decay with which St
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - In Punishment for his wrath, Simeon’s right hand was half-withered for seven days, whereupon he repented and besought the Lord (i
Trial-at-Law - The actual execution of justice was left to the injured party, and in the case of ‘manifest’ crimes like open murder and house-breaking ancient codes interposed no check on summary vengeance; but where the least doubt existed, and the accused claimed the privilege of trial, society demanded clear evidence of his guilt, at the same time seeking to control the fierce impulses of the avenger by limiting Punishment to the responsible wrong-doer, and making the penalty correspond as nearly as possible to the gravity of the offence; in other words, replacing the principle of unrestricted vengeance by the ius talionis-‘an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth
Sacrifice (2) - ‘From death, from the guilt of sin and its Punishment,’ says the old theology, or, as it is sometimes expressed, ‘from the wrath of God
Vicarious Sacrifice - (4) There is certainly nothing clearly to join this passage to the idea of bearing the consequences, or Punishment of sin
Israel - This disaster was thought to be a Divine Punishment for reprehensible conduct ( Genesis 49:5-7 )
Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - There God promised blessing if Israel obeyed, but Punishment if they disobeyed
Josephus - 36) was regarded as a Punishment for his murder of John the Baptist, we have no right to draw conclusions as to the date of that event or to that of the entrance of Jesus upon His public ministry, as has been done by Keim and others, who have on the same grounds fixed upon a
Jesus Christ - Could Jesus, they may well have asked, be the Messiah, seeing that His mission had issued, not in the deliverance of Israel, but in its ruin? In answer to this the Gospel makes it plain that the overthrow of the Jewish State was a Punishment which was foreseen by Jesus, and also that He had become the head of a vaster and more glorious kingdom than that of which, as Jewish patriots, they had ever dreamed ( Matthew 28:18-20 )
Jews - They believe that the souls of the wicked are tormented in hell with fire and other Punishments; that some are condemned to be punished in this manner for ever, while others continue only for a limited time; and this they call purgatory, which is not different from hell in respect of the place, but of the duration. They suppose no Jew, unless guilty of heresy, or certain crimes specified by the rabbins, shall continue in purgatory above a twelvemonth; and that there are but few who suffer eternal Punishment
Augustus (2) - Augustus also bestowed great care on the selection of his legates, closely watched over their administration, and made it all but impossible for a corrupt governor to escape swift Punishment
Polycarp - The proconsul threatened him with the stake; Polycarp replied: ‘Thou threatenest that fire which burneth for a season and after a little while is quenched: for thou art ignorant of the fire of the future judgment and eternal Punishment, which is reserved for the ungodly
Pharisees (2) - Do the best you can, and submit to God’s Punishment for your defects, was the substance of such legalism
Ambrosius of Milan - It is worthy of remark that the Punishment of heresy by death was so hateful to Ambrose that he declined communion with bishops who had been accomplices in it ("qui aliquos, devios licet a fide, ad necem petebant," ib
Christ in Jewish Literature - Perahiah, and His Punishment in Gehenna
Christ in the Middle Ages - ...
Fear and hope take the place of faith and love; fear of Punishment takes the place of repentance for sin
Gregorius (51) i, (the Great), Bishop of Rome - Having heard of two presbyters, John of Chalcedon and Anastasius of Isauria, being beaten with cudgels, after conviction on a charge of heresy, under John the Faster, then patriarch of Constantinople, Gregory wrote twice to the patriarch, remonstrating with him for introducing a new and uncanonical Punishment, exhorting him to restore the two presbyters or to judge them canonically, and expressing his own readiness to receive them at Rome
Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons - He shews that eternal happiness or endless misery will befall men from the same God, as reward or as Punishment for their own free choice of good or evil
God - Exemplifications of the divine mercy are traced from age to age, in his establishing his own worship among men, and remitting the Punishment of individual and national offences in answer to prayer offered from penitent hearts, and in dependence upon the typified or actually offered universal sacrifice:—of his condescension, in stooping to the cases of individuals; in his dispensations both of providence and grace, by showing respect to the poor and humble; and, principally, by the incarnation of God in the form of a servant, admitting men into familiar and friendly intercourse with himself, and then entering into heaven to be their patron and advocate, until they should be received into the same glory, "and so be for ever with the Lord:"—of his strictly righteous government, in the destruction of the old world, the cities of the plain, the nations of Canaan, and all ancient states, upon their "filling up the measure of their iniquities;" and, to show that "he will by no means clear the guilty;" in the numerous and severe Punishments inflicted even upon the chosen seed of Abraham, because of their transgressions:—of his long-suffering, in frequent warnings, delays, and corrective judgments inflicted upon individuals and nations, before sentence of utter excision and destruction:—of faithfulness and truth, in the fulfilment of promises, often many ages after they were given, as in the promises to Abraham respecting the possession of the land of Canaan by his seed, and in all the "promises made to the fathers" respecting the advent, vicarious death, and illustrious offices of the "Christ," the Saviour of the world:—of his immutability, in the constant and unchanging laws and principles of his government, which remain to this day precisely the same, in every thing universal, as when first promulgated, and have been the rule of his conduct in all places as well as through all time:—of his prescience of future events, manifested by the predictions of Scripture:— and of the depth and stability of his counsel, as illustrated in that plan and purpose of bringing back a revolted world to obedience and felicity, which we find steadily kept in view in the Scriptural history of the acts of God in former ages; which is still the end toward which all his dispensations bend, however wide and mysterious their sweep; and which they will finally accomplish, as we learn from the prophetic history of the future, contained in the Old and New Testaments
Holy Ghost - Supreme majesty is also attributed to him, so that to "lie" to him, to "blaspheme" him, to "vex" him, to do him "despite," are sins, and as such render the offender liable to divine Punishment
Neology - We find some of them not content with applying demonstration to the truth of the system, but endeavouring to establish each separate dogma, the Trinity, the nature of the Redeemer, the incarnation, the eternity of Punishment, on philosophical and, strange as it may appear, some of these truths on mathematical, grounds
Leo i, the Great - ), and he justifies the execution of Priscillian in the previous century on the ground "that though the lenity of the church, contented with a sacerdotal sentence, is averse from taking a bloody revenge, yet at times it finds assistance in the severe commands of Christian princes, because the fear of Punishment for the body sometimes drives men to seek healing for the soul" ( Ep
Originality - The heathen believed in the immortality of the soul, in the resurrection of the dead, in a future life with Punishments and rewards, in the existence of gods who were offended by the faults of men, in the approaching end of this world and the coming of a new one. Genesis 25:22), or may have regarded the blindness of the man as Punishment in anticipation of the sins he would commit (cf
Pelagianism And Pelagius - This too was pronounced in agreement with church teaching for how could any one condemn the recognition of free will or deny its existence when the possibility of God's aid to it was acknowledged? It was alleged that Pelagius had declared that in the day of judgment the wicked and sinners would not be spared and it was inferred that he had intended thereby to imply that all sinners would meet eternal Punishment even those who had substantially belonged to Christ—it was probably implied that such teaching was a denial of the temporary purgatorial fire which was to purify the imperfectly righteous
Christ in Mohammedan Literature - ’ The rich murmured, and God threatened them with Punishment