What does Proverb mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
הַמָּשָׁ֣ל proverb 2
וּ֝מָשָׁ֗ל proverb 2
לְמָשָׁ֥ל proverb 2
הַמָּשָׁ֥ל proverb 2
παραβολὴν a placing of one thing by the side of another 1
מָ֭שָׁל proverb 1
מָשָׁ֗ל proverb 1
מָשָׁ֣ל proverb 1
וְלִמְשָׁלִ֔ים proverb 1
הַמָּשָׁ֤ל proverb 1
παροιμίας a saying out of the usual course or deviating from the usual manner of speaking. 1
לְמָשָׁ֖ל proverb 1
מְשַׁל֙ proverb 1
לְמָשָׁ֔ל proverb 1
יִמְשֹׁ֖ל to represent 1
יִמְשְׁל֥וּ to represent 1
לְמָשָׁ֣ל proverb 1

Definitions Related to Proverb

H4912


   1 Proverb, parable.
      1a Proverb, proverbial saying, aphorism.
      1b byword.
      1c similitude, parable.
      1d poem.
      1e sentences of ethical wisdom, ethical maxims.
      

H4911


   1 to represent, liken, be like.
      1a (Niphal) to liken, be like, be similar.
      1b (Hiphil) to compare.
      1c (Hithpael) to become like.
   2 to speak in a Proverb, use a Proverb, speak in parables, speak in sentences of poetry.
      2a (Qal) to use a Proverb, speak a parable or Proverb.
      2b (Piel) to make a parable.
         2b1 maker of parables (participle).
         

G3850


   1 a placing of one thing by the side of another, juxtaposition, as of ships in battle.
   2 metaph.
      2a a comparing, comparison of one thing with another, likeness, similitude.
      2b an example by which a doctrine or precept is illustrated.
      2c a narrative, fictitious but agreeable to the laws and usages of human life, by which either the duties of men or the things of God, particularly the nature and history of God’s kingdom are figuratively portrayed.
      2d a parable: an earthly story with a heavenly meaning.
   3 a pithy and instructive saying, involving some likeness or comparison and having preceptive or admonitory force.
      3a an aphorism, a maxim.
   4 a Proverb.
   5 an act by which one exposes himself or his possessions to danger, a venture, a risk.
   

G3942


   1 a saying out of the usual course or deviating from the usual manner of speaking.
      1a a current or trite saying, a Proverb.
   2 any dark saying which shadows forth some didactic truth.
      2a esp.
      a symbolic or figurative saying.
      2b speech or discourse in which a thing is illustrated by the use of similes and comparisons.
      2c an allegory.
         2c1 extended and elaborate metaphor.
         

Frequency of Proverb (original languages)

Frequency of Proverb (English)

Dictionary

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Proverb
* For PROVERB see PARABLE , No. 2
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Proverb
A trite maxim; a similitude; a parable. The Hebrew word thus rendered (mashal) has a wide signification. It comes from a root meaning "to be like," "parable." Rendered "proverb" in Isaiah 14:4 ; Habakkuk 2:6 ; "dark saying" in Psalm 49:4 , Numbers 12:8 . Ahab's defiant words in answer to the insolent demands of Benhadad, "Let not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off," is a well known instance of a proverbial saying (1 Kings 20:11 ).
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Proverb
The word chidah is once translated 'proverb,' Habakkuk 2:6 but is often translated 'riddle.' It signifies 'problem,' a hidden mode of speaking, which conceals the sense under figurative expressions. The parable of the great eagle in Ezekiel 17:2,3 , is also called a 'riddle.' The word commonly translated 'proverb,' and used for the Book of Proverbs is mashal, signifying 'comparison, similitude.' Proverbs are short sentences calculated to arrest attention and be retained in the memory. Deuteronomy 28:37 ; 1 Samuel 24:13 ; Psalm 69:11 ; Proverbs 1:1 ; Ecclesiastes 12:9 ; Isaiah 14:4 ; Jeremiah 24:9 ; Ezekiel 12:22,23 ; Ezekiel 18:2,3 ; etc. In the N.T. are the words
1, παραβολή, 'a similitude, comparison.' In the A.V. this is only once translated 'proverb,' Luke 4:23 ; but is often translated 'parable.'
2, παροιμία: this is more an obscure saying, John 16:25,29 ; 2 Peter 2:22 ; it is translated 'parable' in John 10:6 , but 'allegory' would be a better rendering.
Webster's Dictionary - Proverb
(1):
(v. i.) To write or utter proverbs.
(2):
(n.) An old and common saying; a phrase which is often repeated; especially, a sentence which briefly and forcibly expresses some practical truth, or the result of experience and observation; a maxim; a saw; an adage.
(3):
(v. t.) To provide with a proverb.
(4):
(n.) A familiar illustration; a subject of contemptuous reference.
(5):
(n.) A striking or paradoxical assertion; an obscure saying; an enigma; a parable.
(6):
(n.) A drama exemplifying a proverb.
(7):
(v. t.) To name in, or as, a proverb.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Proverb, the Book of
A collection of pointed and sententious moral maxims, the fruit of Solomon's profound sagacity and unexampled experience, but above all, of the inspiration of God. Solomon is said to have uttered three thousand proverbs, 1 Kings 4:32 , B. C. 1000. The first nine chapters of Proverbs are written in an admirable poetic style, and are more continuous than the succeeding Proverbs 10:1-22:29 , which consist of separate maxims. Proverbs 25:1-29:27 are proverbs of Solomon collected under the direction of King Hezekiah. Proverbs 30:1-33 is ascribed to Agur, and affords examples of the enigmatic proverbs so popular in the East. Proverbs 31:1-31 , by "king Lemuel," is mainly a beautiful picture of female excellence. By whose care this book was compiled in its present form, is unknown; there is no book of the Old Testament, however, whose canonical authority is better attested. The New Testament contains frequent quotations and allusions to it, Romans 12:20 1 Thessalonians 5:15 Hebrews 12:5-6 James 4:6 1 Peter 4:8 2 Peter 2:22 . Its "winged words" are a rich storehouse of heavenly wisdom, and few questions can arise in actual life, on which they do not shed light.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Proverb
PROVERB
1. Meaning . In the Bible there is no essential difference between the proverb and the parable (wh. see). The Heb. mâshâl and the Gr. parabolç , meaning ‘resemblance,’ were applied indiscriminately to both. The value arising from this likeness was twofold. In the first place, as the moral truth seemed to emerge from the observed habits of animals, objects in nature, familiar utensils, or occurrences in daily life, such juxtaposition gave to the ethical precept or fact of conduct the surprise and challenge of a discovery. Thus the whole influence of example and environment is compressed into the proverb, ‘As is the mother, so is her daughter’ ( Ezekiel 16:44 ). The surprise was intensified when the parable product contradicted ordinary experience, as in the statement, ‘One soweth and another reapeth’ ( John 4:37 ). Definite labour deserves a definite reward, yet the unexpected happens, and, while man proposes, there remains an area in which God disposes. Out of such corroboration grew the second value of the proverb, namely, authority. The truth became a rule entitled to general acceptance. The proverb usually has the advantage of putting the concrete for the abstract. Among the modern inhabitants of Palestine, when a letter of recommendation is asked, it is customary to quote the proverb, ‘You cannot clap with one hand.’ Of a dull workman without interest or resource in his work it is said, ‘He is like a sleve, he can do only one thing.’
2. Literary form . (1) Next to the fact of resemblance was the essential feature of brevily . Such a combination at once secured currency to the unpremeditated exclamation, ‘Is Saul also among the prophets?’ ( 1 Samuel 10:11-12 ). When the proverb consisted of two parts, rhetorical emphasis was secured either by repeating the same thought in different words ( Proverbs 3:17 ) or by the introduction of contrasting particulars ( Proverbs 3:33 ). (2) Rhythmic measure was also studied, and there was often an untranslatable felicity of balance and repeated sound. The final mark of literary publicity was conferred by a rhetorical touch of picturesque hyperbole, as in the reference to a camel passing through the eye of a needle ( Matthew 19:24 ). (3) The fact that a wise saying was meant for the wise encouraged the use of elliptical form . This carried the complimentary suggestion that the hearer was able to understand a reference that was confessedly obscure. On this account proverbs were called ‘the words of the wise’ ( Proverbs 22:17 ). Hence the note of surprise and unexpectedness in Christ’s words, when He said that the mysteries of the Kingdom had been hidden from the wise and understanding and revealed unto babes ( Matthew 11:25 , Luke 10:21 ). (4) The obscurity referred to was sometimes made the leading feature and motive of the proverb, and it was then called an ‘enigma’ or ‘ dark saying ’ ( Psalms 49:4 , Proverbs 1:6 ; Proverbs 30:15-31 ). Its solution then became a challenge to the ingenuity of the interpreter. Both the prophets and Christ Himself were charged with speaking in this problematical manner ( Ezekiel 20:49 , John 16:29 ). Riddles were introduced at festive gatherings as contributing an element of competitive acuteness and facetious exhilaration. Instances resembling Proverbs 30:15-31 are common among the modern Arabs and Jews in Syria, as when it is said: ‘There are three chief voices in the world, that of running water, of the Torah, and of money.’ An enigma for the study of books is: ‘Black seeds on white ground, and he who eats of the fruit becomes wise.’
3. Subject-matter . This is summarized in Proverbs 1:1-8 . The reference is generally to types of character, the emotions and the desires of the heart, and the joys and sorrows, the losses and gains, the duties and the relationships of human life. Amid these the proverb casts a searching light upon different classes of men, and points out the path of wisdom. Henos the name ‘words of truth’ ( Proverbs 22:21 ).
4. Authority . Proverbial literature is more highly esteemed in the East than in the West. While the popularity of proverbs is partly due to literary charm and intellectual force, and the distinction conferred by the power of quoting and understanding them, the principal cause of their acceptance lies in their harmony with Oriental life. The proverb is patriarchal government in the region of ethics. It is an order from the governing class that admits of no discussion. The proverb is not the pleading of the lawyer in favour of a certain view and claim, but the decision of a judge who has heard both sides and adjudicates on behalf of general citizenship. Such authority is at its maximum when it not only is generally current but has been handed down from previous generations. It is then ‘a parable of the ancients’ ( 1 Samuel 24:13 ). The quotation of an appropriate proverb in a controversy always carries weight, unless the opponent can quote another in support of his claims. Thus, to the careless and inattentive man in business who says ‘Prosperity is from God,’ it may be retorted ‘He that seeketh findeth.’ Beneath some commendable social qualities belonging to this attitude there is a mental passivity that seeks to attain to results without the trouble of personal inquiry, and prefers the benefits conferred by truth to any sacrifice or service that might be rendered to it.
G. M. Mackie.

Sentence search

Proverbial - ) Of or pertaining to Proverbs; resembling a Proverb. ) Mentioned or comprised in a Proverb; used as a Proverb; hence, commonly known; as, a Proverbial expression; his meanness was Proverbial
by-Spell - ) A Proverb
Riddles - See Games, and Proverb, 2
Illustration - See Imagery ; Parables ; Proverb; Wise Saying
Proverb - * For Proverb see PARABLE , No
Proverb - ) To write or utter Proverbs. ) To provide with a Proverb. ) A drama exemplifying a Proverb. ) To name in, or as, a Proverb
Proverbialize - ) To turn into a Proverb; to speak in Proverbs
Protevangelium - ...
PROVERB is the rendering of παραβολή in Luke 4:23 (Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘parable’) and of παροιμία in John 16:25; John 16:29 ((Revised Version margin) ‘parable’). In John 10:6 παροιμία is rendered ‘parable’ ((Revised Version margin) ‘proverb’). Ordinarily παραβολή means ‘parable’ παροιμία ‘proverb’; but the words are sometimes interchanged in Hellenistic Greek. ’ Such comparison lies at the base of many Proverbs as well as parables; in fact many Proverbs are only condensed parables; and a Proverb usually sets up a single case as the type of a whole class. In the LXX Septuagint mâshâl is nearly always rendered παραβολή, even when a Proverb is clearly meant (1 Samuel 10:12; 1 Samuel 24:13 (14), 1 Kings 4:32 (28), Ezekiel 12:22-23; Ezekiel 18:2-3; in some of these places Aq. παροιμία is found in the canonical OT only in Proverbs 1:1; Proverbs 25:1 (Aא2 [3] ; Bא1 [3] have παιδεῖαι); it occurs 5 times in Sirach, παραβολή 10 times; at Sirach 39:3; Sirach 47:17 they stand together. , like the LXX Septuagint , uses παραβολή for ‘proverb’ as well as ‘parable’; while Jn. , on the contrary, uses παροιμία in the sense of ‘figurative language, allegory’ (John 10:6), or ‘dark saying’ (John 16:26; John 16:29) rather than ‘proverb’; perhaps, ‘figure’ best represents his use of the word. On our Lord’s use of Proverbs see following article. ‘Proverb’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (by König) and Encyc
Adage - ) An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a Proverb
Diverb - ) A saying in which two members of the sentence are contrasted; an antithetical Proverb
Byword - ) A common saying; a Proverb; a saying that has a general currency
Proverbially - ) In a Proverbial manner; by way of Proverb; hence, commonly; universally; as, it is Proverbially said; the bee is Proverbially busy
Saying - ) That which is said; a declaration; a statement, especially a Proverbial one; an aphorism; a Proverb
Proverb - The word chidah is once translated 'proverb,' Habakkuk 2:6 but is often translated 'riddle. ' The word commonly translated 'proverb,' and used for the Book of Proverbs is mashal, signifying 'comparison, similitude. ' Proverbs are short sentences calculated to arrest attention and be retained in the memory. Deuteronomy 28:37 ; 1 Samuel 24:13 ; Psalm 69:11 ; Proverbs 1:1 ; Ecclesiastes 12:9 ; Isaiah 14:4 ; Jeremiah 24:9 ; Ezekiel 12:22,23 ; Ezekiel 18:2,3 ; etc. this is only once translated 'proverb,' Luke 4:23 ; but is often translated 'parable
Rede - ) A word or phrase; a motto; a Proverb; a wise saw
Proverb - Proverb...
1. In the Bible there is no essential difference between the Proverb and the parable (wh. Thus the whole influence of example and environment is compressed into the Proverb, ‘As is the mother, so is her daughter’ ( Ezekiel 16:44 ). Out of such corroboration grew the second value of the Proverb, namely, authority. The Proverb usually has the advantage of putting the concrete for the abstract. Among the modern inhabitants of Palestine, when a letter of recommendation is asked, it is customary to quote the Proverb, ‘You cannot clap with one hand. When the Proverb consisted of two parts, rhetorical emphasis was secured either by repeating the same thought in different words ( Proverbs 3:17 ) or by the introduction of contrasting particulars ( Proverbs 3:33 ). On this account Proverbs were called ‘the words of the wise’ ( Proverbs 22:17 ). (4) The obscurity referred to was sometimes made the leading feature and motive of the Proverb, and it was then called an ‘enigma’ or ‘ dark saying ’ ( Psalms 49:4 , Proverbs 1:6 ; Proverbs 30:15-31 ). Instances resembling Proverbs 30:15-31 are common among the modern Arabs and Jews in Syria, as when it is said: ‘There are three chief voices in the world, that of running water, of the Torah, and of money. This is summarized in Proverbs 1:1-8 . Amid these the Proverb casts a searching light upon different classes of men, and points out the path of wisdom. Henos the name ‘words of truth’ ( Proverbs 22:21 ). Proverbial literature is more highly esteemed in the East than in the West. While the popularity of Proverbs is partly due to literary charm and intellectual force, and the distinction conferred by the power of quoting and understanding them, the principal cause of their acceptance lies in their harmony with Oriental life. The Proverb is patriarchal government in the region of ethics. The Proverb is not the pleading of the lawyer in favour of a certain view and claim, but the decision of a judge who has heard both sides and adjudicates on behalf of general citizenship. The quotation of an appropriate Proverb in a controversy always carries weight, unless the opponent can quote another in support of his claims
Likeness - ) A comparison; parable; Proverb
Mashal - Technical Hebrew term for Proverb, parable, simile. See Proverbs, Wisdom
Parable - , those in Matthew 13 and Synoptic parallels; sometimes it is used of a short saying or Proverb, e. It is the lesson that is of value; the hearer must catch the analogy if he is to be instructed (this is true also of a Proverb). , "proverb"); see also John 16:25,29 , where the word is rendered "proverbs" (marg. "parables") and "proverb
Parody - ) A popular maxim, adage, or Proverb
Pricks - Hence a Proverb, found in Greek and Latin as well as in Hebrew, applied to those who resist lawful authority, or the power of God, Acts 9:5 26:14
Riddle - The word is chidah, and is also translated 'dark saying, sentence, speech,' 'hard question,' and once 'proverb
Needle - Used only in the Proverb, "to pass through a needle's eye" (Matthew 19:24 ; Mark 10:25 ; Luke 18:25 )
Balm, - It is used as a Proverb to set forth the healing God had for His people if they really turned to Him
Air - " The expression "to speak into the air" ( 1 Corinthians 14:9 ) is a Proverb denoting to speak in vain, as to "beat the air" (1 Corinthians 9:26 ) denotes to labour in vain
Sins: Home-Born Our Worst Foes - The old Proverb hath it, 'Here's talk of the Turk and the Pope, but 'tis my next neighbour that does me the most harm
Preacher: Must Feed the People - Fromthe deck of an Austrian gunboat we threw into the Lago Garda a succession of little pieces of bread, and presently small fishes came in shoals, till there seemed to be, as the old Proverb puts it, more fish than water
Proverb - " Rendered "proverb" in Isaiah 14:4 ; Habakkuk 2:6 ; "dark saying" in Psalm 49:4 , Numbers 12:8 . Ahab's defiant words in answer to the insolent demands of Benhadad, "Let not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off," is a well known instance of a Proverbial saying (1 Kings 20:11 )
Wheel - This "rolling thing" furnishes the modern Arabs with a current Proverb and a curse
Vinegar - It was acid even to a Proverb, (Proverbs 10:26 ) and by itself formed an unpleasant draught, (Psalm 49:21 ) but was used by laborers
Parable - In the Old Testament this is used to denote (1) a Proverb (1 Samuel 10:12 ; 24:13 ; 2 Chronicles 7:20 ), (2) a prophetic utterance (Numbers 23:7 ; Ezekiel 20:49 ), (3) an enigmatic saying (Psalm 78:2 ; Proverbs 1:6 ). In the New Testament, (1) a Proverb (Mark 7:17 ; Luke 4:23 ), (2) a typical emblem (Hebrews 9:9 ; 11:19 ), (3) a similitude or allegory (Matthew 15:15 ; 24:32 ; Mark 3:23 ; Luke 5:36 ; 14:7 ); (4) ordinarily, in a more restricted sense, a comparison of earthly with heavenly things, "an earthly story with a heavenly meaning," as in the parables of our Lord
Gnat - An Arab Proverb well illustrates the ideas of Matthew 23:24 : ‘He eats an elephant and is suffocated by a gnat
Needle's Eye - The rabbis had a similar Proverb concerning the elephant
Gnat - In those hot countries, as Servius remarks, speaking of the east, gnats and flies are very apt to fail into wine, if it be not carefully covered; and passing the liquor through a strainer, that no gnat or part of one might remain, became a Proverb for exactness about little matters. This may help us to understand that passage, Matthew 23:24 , where the Proverbial expression of carefully straining out a little fly from the liquor to be drunk, and yet swallowing a camel, intimates, that the scribes and Pharisees affected to scruple little things, and yet disregarded those of the greatest moment
Cloud - When a cloud appears rain is ordinarily apprehended, and thus the "cloud without rain" becomes a Proverb for the man of promise without performance. (Proverbs 16:15 ; Isaiah 18:4 ; 25:5 ; Jude 1:12 ) comp. Proverbs 25:14 The cloud is a figure of transitoriness, ( Job 30:15 ; Hosea 6:4 ) and of whatever intercepts divine favor or human supplication
Tree of Life - Plant in Garden of Eden symbolizing access to eternal life and metaphor used in Proverbs. ...
The “tree of life” appears in Proverbs four times (Proverbs 3:18 ; Proverbs 11:30 ; Proverbs 13:12 ; Proverbs 15:4 ) and in Revelation 2:7 ; Revelation 22:2 ,Revelation 22:2,22:14 . To lay hold of wisdom is to lay hold on “a tree of life” (Proverbs 3:18 ). “The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life” (Proverbs 11:30 NIV). Yet another Proverb has this comparison: “a longing fulfilled is a tree of life” ( Proverbs 13:12 NIV). The author of another Proverb wrote, “The tongue that brings healing is a tree of life” ( Proverbs 15:4 NIV). None of these Proverbs seems to refer to “the tree of life” mentioned in Genesis
Saw - A saying Proverb maxim decree
Proverbs - PROVERBS (Jesus’ use of). The Oriental mind delights in Proverbs, and Jesus, in His gracious desire to reach the hearts of His hearers, did not disdain to weave into His discourse the homely and often humorous sayings which were current in His day. The logion is a husbandman’s Proverb, like the other which follows immediately (John 4:37). The seed was sown towards the end of December, and four months elapsed ere it was ripe (see Wetstein); and the Proverb conveyed the practical lesson that results mature slowly (cf. ’ Jesus is reported to have quoted this Proverb on two occasions (John 4:44, Matthew 13:57 = Mark 6:4 = Luke 4:24), and it was constantly exemplified in His experience. § 54) thinks that the Proverb originated in the dishonour which the prophets of Israel had always suffered at the hands of their contemporaries (cf. the ancient Proverb still in vogue: ‘Familiarity breeds contempt’ (Chrys. Flores: ‘Vulgare Proverbium est, quod nunia familiaritas parit contemptum’); and the saying of the witty Frenchman that ‘no man is a hero to his valet de chambre. In the course of His dispute with the people of Nazareth, Jesus quoted another Proverb, ‘Physician, heal thyself’ (Luke 4:23). Jesus was quoting another Proverb when, in answer to the man who volunteered to follow Him but craved leave first to bid his household farewell, He said: ‘No one, having put his hand to the plough and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God’ (Luke 9:62). The Sermon on the Mount abounds in Proverbial phrases. ‘Sound not a trumpet before thee’ (Matthew 6:2) is a Proverbial metaphor, though Calvin takes it literally, supposing that the Pharisees, those ‘play-actors’ (ὑποκριταί) in religion, actually blew a trumpet to summon the beggars (cf. the Greek Proverb αὐτὸς ἑαυτὸν αὐλεῖ, ‘play one’s own pipe,’ like our ‘blow one’s own trumpet’; Achill. This Proverb is characteristically Oriental in its grotesque exaggeration, and there is no need to explain it away by supposing that ‘eye’ represents עֵיִן ‘a well’: a chip in your neighbour’s well, a log in your own (see Bruce in EGT
There was another Proverb: ‘Never be kind to a neighbour’s dog’ (μήποτʼ εὖ ἔρδειν γείτονος κύνα), otherwise put: ‘One who feeds a strange dog gets nothing but the rope to keep’ (ὃς κύνα τρέφει ξένον, τούτῳ μόνον λίνος μένει). ...
‘The Proverb warns you against uselessly wasting kindness in a quarter whence no profit will accrue to you in return. ...
It was some such Proverb that shaped our Lord’s speech to the woman. ’ Here also, it would appear, there is a Proverb. It may be added that there is an Arabic Proverb: ‘It is better to feed a dog than a man,’ the reason alleged being that the dog will not forget the kindness, but the man may (PEFQSt, July 1904, p. ’ The Proverb was derived from the punishment of drowning. There is here an allusion to a favourite image of the ancient moralists which had passed into a Proverb. ‘A grain of mustard-seed’ (
Matthew 17:20, Luke 17:6)—a Proverbial instance of extreme littleness (cf. ‘Easier for a camel to pass through the needle’s eye’ (Matthew 19:24 = Mark 10:25 = Luke 18:25)—a Proverb denoting an impossibility. ’...
The Proverb is found in Koran, ch. ’ Did Mohammed quote from the Gospels, or was the Proverb current throughout the East in his day?...
17. The Proverb satirizes those who atone for laxity in important matters by scrupulosity in matters of no moment. ...
It raises an interesting question that several of these Proverbs not only have heathen parallels but are heathen Proverbs. What wonder if the Jews caught up also some of the foreign merchantmen’s Proverbs?...
(2) The traders were not the only strangers who visited the Holy Land
Mysia - Under the Romans it was made a province of the empire, and called Hellespontus; and its inhabitants are represented by Cicero as base and contemptible to a Proverb
Bush - Hence the English Proverb, "Good wine needs no bush
Mule - Its form bears a considerable resemblance to the last mentioned animal; but in its disposition it is rather vicious and intractable; so that its obstinacy has become a Proverb
Partridge - The translation of the Proverb of the partridge (Jeremiah 17:11 ) is difficult; the Hebrew is extremely terse, and one of the verbs is of uncertain meaning (brood, gather, or lay)
Beam And Mote - —The Proverb of the ‘beam’ and the ‘mote’ occurs in Matthew 7:3-5 and in the parallel passage Luke 6:41-42. The Proverb appears to have been current in various forms among Jews and Arabs. The symbol has the touch of exaggeration familiar in Oriental Proverbs, as, e. ’...
It is clear, therefore, that the point of the Proverb lies in the contrast between a smaller fault in the person criticised and a greater one in the eritic. ’...
All such illustrations are to the point, for the Proverb is capable of many applications; and it is very often true that men eager to correct others have great and obvious faults of their own which disqualify them for the office. There the command ‘judge not’ is separated from the Proverb of the Mote and the Beam by the verses which speak of the reward of generous giving, of blind leaders of the blind, of the disciple not above his master
Rhodes - The coins bear on the obverse the head of Apollo as the sun (the Proverb said the sun shone every day on Rhodes), on the reverse the rose from which Rhodes takes its name
Lame, Lameness - A Proverb excluding the blind and lame from “the house” (that is, the Temple) is traced to the assault on Jerusalem ( 2 Samuel 5:8 )
Legion - What chiefly impressed Semites was apparently the size of the legion, and ‘legion’ appears to have become a Proverb among them for a large number of persons in orderly combination
Saw - ) A saying; a Proverb; a maxim
Scorpion - Luke 11:12 seems to mean merely the bestowal of a dangerous and unwelcome gift rather than a good one, and may refer to the Greek Proverb: "A scorpion instead of a perch
Jezebel - Her name has become a Proverb, and is given by John, probably as a descriptive epithet, to a certain female at Thyatira in his day holding a like bad preeminence in station and profligacy, in malice and in ruin, Luke 20:18 Revelation 2:20
Parable - " (Matthew 13:34)...
There is another sense of the word parable, in which it is sometimes used in Scripture when spoken in a way of reproach; hence Moses, when charging Israel to faithfulness, declares that if the people of God apostatize from him, and set up idols in the land, the Lord would scatter them among all nations, "and thou shalt become (saith Moses) an astonishment, a Proverb, (or parable) and a by-word, among all nations whither the Lord shall lead thee
Scorpion - More probably He has in mind some such form of Proverb as was current among the Greeks: ‘Instead of a perch, a scorpion
Hunting - It seems to be no unfair inference, that he who can take pleasure in tearing poor timid hares to pieces by dogs, would not melt into tears in beholding men torn to pieces by horses, Nimrod is the first hunter we read of in history, and of him it is said to a Proverb, that he was a mighty hunter before the Lord
Sharon - This name was almost become a Proverb, to express a place of extraordinary beauty and fruitfulness, Isaiah 33:9 ; Isaiah 35:2
Say - ) A speech; something said; an expression of opinion; a current story; a maxim or Proverb
Camel - ...
The Proverb of a camel being swallowed when a gnat was scrupulously strained out, Matthew 23:24 , is to show how the weightier precepts of God may be neglected along with great attention to trivial things. Another Proverb is that "it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God
Beersheba - From Dan to Beersheba, a distance of about 144 miles (Judges 20:1 ; 1 Chronicles 21:2 ; 2 Samuel 24:2 ), became the usual way of designating the whole Promised Land, and passed into a Proverb
Sandal - We have express notice of the thong (Authorized Version "shoe latchet") in several passages, notably (Genesis 14:23 ; Isaiah 5:27 ; Mark 1:7 ) Sandals were worn by all classes of society in Palestine, even by the very poor; and both the sandal and the thong or shoe-latchet were so cheap and common that they passed into a Proverb for the most insignificant thing
Deep - Romans 10:7, "who shall descend into the deep?" A Proverb for impossibility: "say not in thine heart, I wish one could bring Christ up from the dead, but it is impossible
Pharez - His house retained the primogeniture; it was famous for being prolific, so as to pass into a Proverb (Ruth 4:12; Ruth 4:18-22)
Watchfulness: When Special Need of - 'Who,' says the old Proverb, 'could live in Rome and yet be at war with the pope?' Who can have much to do with sinners and not have something to do with their sins? The smiling daughters of Moab did more mischief to Israel than all Balak's frowning warriors
Jehovah Jireh - " He perceives he has uttered an unconscious prophecy, and that the Elohim in whom he trusted has proved Himself JEHOVAH , in covenant with His people; so that the phrase became a Hebrew Proverb, "In the mount (as He provided for Abraham in his' extremity) Jehovah will provide" (for us also in our every extremity)
Gossip - An ancient Israelite Proverb expresses the truth that the more people talk, the more they are liable to sin (Proverbs 10:19). This is one reason why the Bible constantly urges people to control their tongues (Psalms 141:3; Proverbs 16:23; Proverbs 17:27-28; James 1:19; James 3:7-10). ...
Gossip can become a habit; worse still, an enjoyable habit (Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 18:8). In spreading rumours, people may have the deliberate intention to slander others (Psalms 31:13; Psalms 50:20; Proverbs 10:18; Romans 3:8) or they may just be foolish chatterers (Proverbs 26:20; Ecclesiastes 5:3; Matthew 12:36), but either way they will probably cause trouble (Proverbs 26:18-20). ...
God links gossip with some of the most hateful sins (Romans 1:29-30), and constantly warns his people against it (Psalms 101:5; Proverbs 10:19; 2 Corinthians 12:20; James 4:11; 1 Peter 2:1)
Camel, Camel's Hair - ’ The eye of a needle stands for something narrow and hard to pass, as in the Egyptian Proverb, ‘Straiter than the eye of a needle’ (Burckhardt, 396). A similar Proverb is given by Freytag (ii. 24, ‘God is not ashamed to strike a Proverb out of a gnat’)
Ostrich - These habits are the result of the instinct with which the Deity has endowed the ostrich; but some of them are so strange as to have given rise to an Arabian Proverb, "As foolish as an ostrich
Crete - The Cretans were one of the three Grecian Proverb cautioned-Kappadocia, Killicia, and Krete
Hiss - And the Lord declared, that if the people departed from following him, he would cause the house which Solomon had built for the Lord to become a Proverb and a bye-word, and men should hiss at it as they passed by
Mill - The Proverb of our Saviour, Matthew 24:41, is true to life, for women only grind
Gallio - His abstaining from interfering in a religious controversy did credit to his prudence; nevertheless, his name has oddly passed into a reproachful Proverb; and a man regardless of all piety is called "a Gallio," and is said "Gallio-like to care for none of these things
Megiddo - So general and bitter was this mourning that it became a Proverb, to which (Zechariah 12:11,12 ) alludes
Hireling - A hireling's days or year is a kind of Proverb, signifying a full year, without abating any thing of it: "His days are like the days of a hireling," Job 7:1 ; the days of man are like those of a hireling; as nothing is deducted from them, so nothing, likewise, is added to them
Neapolis - ]'>[1] 36) appears to identify it with Daton, which had ‘fruitful plains, a port, streams, dockyards, and valuable gold mines, whence the Proverb “A Daton of good things,” like “Piles of Plenty
Parable - As used in the New Testament it had a very wide application, being applied sometimes to the shortest Proverbs, ( 1 Samuel 10:12 ; 24:13 ; 2 Chronicles 7:20 ) sometimes to dark prophetic utterances, (Numbers 23:7,18 ; 24:3 ; Ezekiel 20:49 ) sometimes to enigmatic maxims, (Psalm 78:2 ; Proverbs 1:6 ) or metaphors expanded into a narrative. It differs from a Proverb in that it must include a similitude of some kind, while the Proverb may assert, without a similitude, some wide generalization of experience
Moriah - The Proverb recorded in Genesis 22:14 clearly implies that the writer thought that Isaac was offered on the Temple mount at Jerusalem
Heshbon - "...
The old Proverb shall hold good again; as anciently Sihon seized Heshbon, and issued forth thence as a devouring flame against Moab, so now the Chaldeans shall seize Heshbon and make it their starting point to destroy Moab
Camel - A Proverb picturing things impossible to accomplish was quoted by Jesus when he said it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven
Sowing - The Gospels further contain, however, three semi-proverbial uses of the term which merit notice. Jesus is here quoting a familiar Proverb of the ancient world, which was current in several forms (e. Finally, two semi-proverbial (cf
Jeroboam (1) - Jeroboam is charged with doing evil above all that had been before him, and his doings became a Proverb
Crete - Thence arose their treachery, their false and deceitful disposition, which had passed into a common Proverb
Genealogy - " From hence the Jews conclude, that such a priest will stand up, and restore and complete the genealogies of their families: though others suppose these words to import, that they should never exercise their priesthood any more; and that, "till there shall stand up a priest with Urim and Thummim," amounts to the same as the Roman Proverb, ad Graecas calendas, [1] since the Urim and Thummim were now absolutely and for ever lost
Word - A motto a short sentence a Proverb
Ostrich, - It is a general belief among the Arabs that the ostrich is a very stupid bird; indeed they have a Proverb, "stupid as an ostrich
Mill - The Proverb of our Saviour, ( Matthew 24:41 ) is true to life, for women only grind
Wealth: Involves Danger - Flatterers haunt not cottages: the poor may hear an honest word from his neighbor, but etiquette forbids that the rich man should enjoy the like privilege; for is it not a maxim in Babylon, that rich men have no faults, or only such as their money, like charity, covereth with a mantle? What man can help slipping when every body is intent upon greasing his ways, so that the smallest chance of standing may be denied him? The world's Proverb is, 'God help the poor, for the rich can help themselves;' but to our mind, it is just the rich who have most need of heaven's help
Camel - , Matthew 19:24 , was a Proverb to describe an impossibility. See also the Proverb in Matthew 23:24 , which illustrates the hypocrisy of the Pharisees by the custom of passing wine through a strainer
Power - The Proverb bears out this important teaching: “If thou faint in the day of adversity, thy strength is small” ( Proverb warns against adultery, because one’s “strength,” or one’s wealth, may be taken by others: “Lest strangers be filled with thy wealth [2]; and thy labors be in the house of a stranger” ( Proverbs, the Book of - ...
In Proverbs 1:6 "dark sayings" (chidah ) are another form of Proverbs, the enigmatical obscurity being designed to stimulate reflection (Habakkuk 2:6; Judges 14; 1 Kings 10:1; 2 Chronicles 9:1; Ezekiel 17:2; Psalms 78:2); the melitsah (Proverbs 1:6), "interpretation" (so Chald. For instance (Proverbs 12:27), "the slothful man roasteth not that which he took in hunting" requires discernment to see the point of comparison and the application; the slothful man is too lazy to hunt, and therefore has nothing to roast (compare 2 Thessalonians 3:10). "Proverb" is with Jesus' disciples equivalent to an obscure saying (John 16:29). The Book of Proverbs is found in all Jewish lists among the ketubim , "writings" (hagiographa), the third division of Scripture. ) gives the order, Ruth, Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Daniel, Esther, Ezra (including Nehemiah), Chronicles. The New Testament quotes and so canonizes (Proverbs 1:16; Romans 3:10; Romans 3:15. Proverbs 3:7; Romans 12:16. Proverbs 3:11-12; Hebrews 12:5-6; Revelation 3:19. Proverbs 3:34; James 4:6. Proverbs 10:12; 1 Peter 4:8. Proverbs 11:31; 1 Peter 4:17-18. Proverbs 17:13; Romans 12:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 3:9. Proverbs 17:27; James 1:19. Proverbs 20:9; 1 John 1:8. Proverbs 20:20; Matthew 15:4. Proverbs 22:8; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7; Galatians 6:9. Proverbs 25:21-22; Romans 12:20. Proverbs 26:11; 2 Peter 2:22. Proverbs 27:1; James 4:13). The same heading, "the Proverbs of Solomon the son of David king of Israel" (Proverbs 1:1; Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 25:1), marks the three divisions. Solomon spoke 3,000 Proverbs (1 Kings 4:32) and "set in order" the present selection (Proverbs 1-24; Ecclesiastes 12:9). "Hezekiah" directed his pious "men" (perhaps Isaiah, Micah, Shebna, and Joah: 2 Kings 18:18) to supplement the collection with a series of Proverbs of Solomon, not included in the collection by the royal author (Proverbs 25:1; compare Sirach 47:14; Sirach 47:17). The Holy Spirit did not appoint all Solomon's Proverbs indiscriminately to be put into the canon for all ages, but a selection suited for the ends of revelation. The Jews assign the composition of the Song of Solomon to Solomon's youth, Proverbs to his manhood, and Ecclesiastes to his old age. ...
(1) Proverbs 1-9 are one connected whole, in which wisdom is recommended to youths; an introduction states the aim. ...
(2) Proverbs 10-22 are single detached Proverbs; from Proverbs 10:1 to Proverbs 22:16; Proverbs 22:17 to Proverbs 24:21, form a more connected whole on righteousness and prudence, with an introduction; Proverbs 24:23-34, "these also belong to the wise," are an appendix of unconnected maxims. ...
(3) Proverbs 25-29, consisting of single sentences, are the selection of Hezekiah's men. ...
(4) Proverbs 30 is Agur's Proverbs and enigmatical sayings. ...
(5) Proverbs 31 consists of king Lemuel's words (Proverbs 31:1-6), and an alphabetical acrostic in praise of a virtuous woman. ...
The repetition of many Proverbs in a similar form in the middle division is due, not to their emanating from different authors, but to their having been selected out of different collections oral or written, of the same author Solomon, in which the same Proverb appeared in a different connection; just as Jesus' sayings repeated in different connections (Proverbs 14:12; Proverbs 16:25; Proverbs 21:2; Proverbs 21:9; Proverbs 21:19; Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20; Proverbs 10:2; Proverbs 11:4; Proverbs 10:15; Proverbs 18:11; Proverbs 15:33; Proverbs 18:12; Proverbs 11:21; Proverbs 6:20-9; Proverbs 16:5; Proverbs 17:5; Proverbs 19:12; Proverbs 20:2). The Proverbs apply the truths of religion to practical life in sentences weighty and easily remembered by their terse point. Instead of philosophical reasonings and argument, the results of observation are embodied in terse Proverbial similitudes and maxims. A Proverb is defined as" the wit of one, the wisdom of many. " When the nation's experiences had become matured Solomon in a time of national peace embodied them in gnomic Proverbs. The Proverbs are in antithetic parallelism, the second clause standing in contrast to the first. Here are the phrases "fountain of life," "tree of life," "snares of death," "healing," "health;" "destruction" (mechittah ), Proverbs 10:14-15; Proverbs 10:29, nowhere else in Proverbs; (ad argiah ) "but for a moment"; (yad leyad ) "hand to hand," Proverbs 11:21; (nirgan ) "a whisperer," "talebearer" )Proverbs 18:18, etc. The third division, namely, of Hezekiah's men, is marked by the interrogation "seest thou?" (Proverbs 26:12; Proverbs 29:20. )...
Things are compared by being placed side by side, connected simply by "and" (Proverbs 25:3; Proverbs 25:20). accords with his selection of these Proverbs of Solomon. The first division, with the closing part of the middle (Proverbs 10:1-22:16 being the germ of the book), Proverbs 1-9; Proverbs 22:17 - Proverbs 25:1, is characterized by favorite words and constructions: as chokmot , "wisdoms"; zarah , "the strange woman"; nokriah , "the foreigner," the adulteress who seduces youth, the opposite of true wisdom, found once in the middle division (Proverbs 22:14). ...
Warning against envy at the sinner's seeming prosperity appears (Proverbs 3:31; Proverbs 23:17; Proverbs 24:1; Proverbs 24:19) as in Job. The disciplinary design of chastisement ("instruction," musar , Greek paideia , correction by discipline), Proverbs 3:11-13; so Job (Job 33:17-30; Job 5:17); wisdom (Proverbs 2:4; Proverbs 3:14; Proverbs 3:8; Job 28; Proverbs 3:23; Job 5:22; Proverbs 8:25; Job 15:7-8). The language of the first division rises from a general exhortation, and then a particular one to youth to follow wisdom, to the sublimest and most universal strain at the close (Proverbs 14:31:18). This first division is continuous description and elucidation of truth, instead of the single Proverb which characterizes the middle collection; the poetic parallelism is synonymous, not antithetic or synthetic, as in the middle division. It is the porch, leading into the interior, the Proverbs proper, loosely connected. (Proverbs 12:3), "a man shall not be established by wickedness (but shall be rooted out); but the root of the righteous shall (be established and) not be moved"; Proverbs 11:12, "he that is void of understanding despiseth his neighbour (and therefore withholds not contemptuous words); but a man of understanding (despiseth not his neighbour and therefore) holdeth his speech" (from contemptuous words). From Proverbs 22:17 to Proverbs 24:16 the continuous style is resumed from Proverbs 1-9. It forms the epilogue of the middle division, with a few closing disconnected maxims (Proverbs 24:23-34). (On the closing Proverbs 30; 31, see AGUR; LEMUEL; JAKEH; MASSA; ITHIEL; UCAL
Coat - The Proverb ‘Tunica proprior pallio est’ was like the English ‘Near is my shirt, but nearer is my skin
Proverbs, Book of - The Book of Proverbs contains the essence of Israel's wisdom. Proverbs 10:1-1593 provides the perspective for understanding all the Proverbs: “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction. ...
Date and Composition Though the title of Proverbs (Proverbs 1:1 ) seems to ascribe the entire book to Solomon, closer inspection reveals that the book is composed of parts and that it was formed over a period of several hundred years. It is difficult to know precisely the role Solomon and his court may have had in starting the process which culminated in the Book of Proverbs. Thus the titles in Proverbs 1:1 and Proverbs 9:1-698 are not strictly statements of authorship in the modern sense. ...
That Proverbs is a collection of collections which grew over time is best seen from its variety of content and from its titles. These titles introduce the book's major subcollections, and are found in Proverbs 1:1 ; Proverbs 10:1 ; Proverbs 22:17 (“words of the wise”); Proverbs 24:23 ; Proverbs 25:1 ; Proverbs 30:1 ; Proverbs 31:1 . For dating, Proverbs 25:1 places the copying or editing of Proverbs 25-29 in the court of Hezekiah, thus about 700 B. Most scholars place Proverbs 10-29 sometime in the period of kings. Proverbs 1-9 are in a different genre (see below) from the Solomonic sayings of chapters Proverbs 10:1-22:16 , and their date is disputed. Others say it is postexilic, that Proverbs 1-9 were added to 10–29 to give later readers a context from which to understand the short sayings in the latter chapters. The date of Proverbs 30-31 is also uncertain. One scholar has argued there is a play on the Greek word for wisdom ( sophia ) in Proverbs 31:27 . This would date Proverbs 31:1 after the conquest of Palestine by Alexander the Great in 332 B. ...
Literary Character and Forms The Book of Proverbs uses a variety of wisdom forms or genres. The Hebrew word for Proverb (mashal ), found in the book's title, can refer to a variety of literary forms beside the Proverb: prophetic “discourse” (Proverbs 8:1-3600 ,Numbers 23:7,23:18 ), “allegory” (Ezekiel 17:2 ; Ezekiel 24:3 ), “taunt song” (Micah 2:4 ). Long wisdom poems, which scholars call “Instructions” after their Egyptian counterpart, dominate Proverbs 1:8-9:18 . These usually begin with a direct address to “son/children” and contain imperatives or prohibitions, motive clauses (reasons for actions), and sometimes narrative development (Proverbs 7:6-23 ). This section also contains public speeches by personified Wisdom (Proverbs 1:20-33 ; Proverbs 23:29-35 ; Proverbs 9:1-6 ). ...
“Sayings” which express wise insights about reality are the primary forms in Proverbs 10:1-22:16 and Proverbs 25:1-29:27 . These sayings may simply “tell it like it is,” and let readers draw their own conclusions (Proverbs 11:24 ; Proverbs 17:27-28 ; Proverbs 25:6-7 ). They can also make clear value judgments (Proverbs 10:17 ; Proverbs 14:31 ; Proverbs 15:33 ; Proverbs 19:17 ). Mostly “antithetical sayings” which contrast opposites appear in 1618420789_5:33 , but mixed in are a few “better—than” sayings (“Better is a dinner with herbs where love is than a fatted ox and hatred with it,” Proverbs 15:17 ; compare Proverbs 15:16 ) which are also scattered in other sections (Proverbs 16:8 ,Proverbs 16:8,16:19 ; Proverbs 17:1 ; Proverbs 19:1 ; Proverbs 21:9 ; Proverbs 25:24 ; Proverbs 27:5 ,Proverbs 27:5,27:10 ; Proverbs 28:6 ). The section Proverbs 25:1-27 is especially rich in comparative Proverbs which set two things beside one another for comparison: “Like cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country” ( Proverbs 25:25 ; compare Proverbs 25:12-13 ,Proverbs 25:12-13,25:14 ,Proverbs 25:14,25:26 ,Proverbs 25:26,25:28 ; Proverbs 26:1-3 ,Proverbs 26:1-3,26:6-11 ,Proverbs 26:6-11,26:14 ,Proverbs 26:14,26:20 among others). Such sayings also occur elsewhere, “Like a gold ring in a swine's snout is a beautiful woman without discretion” ( Proverbs 11:22 ). ...
“Admonitions” characterize Proverbs 22:17-24:22 . These short wisdom forms contain imperatives or prohibitions, usually followed by a motive clause which gives a reason or two for doing that which is being urged: “Do not remove an ancient landmark or enter the fields of the fatherless; for their Redeemer is strong; he will plead their cause against you” (Proverbs 23:10-11 ). ...
The words of Agur (Proverbs 30:1 ) specializes in numerical sayings (Proverbs 30:15-31 ). The epilogue of the book (Proverbs 31:10-31 ) presents an alphabetic poem on wisdom embodied in the “valiant woman. ...
Themes and Worldview In spite of being a collection of collections, Proverbs displays a unified, richly complex worldview. Proverbs 1-9 introduces this worldview and lays out its main themes. The short sayings of Proverbs 10-31 are to be understood in light of the first nine chapters. ...
The beginning and end of wisdom is to fear God and avoid evil (Proverbs 1:7 ; Proverbs 8:13 ; Proverbs 9:10 ; Proverbs 15:33 ). This conflict is personified in Lady Wisdom (Proverbs 1:20-33 ; Proverbs 4:5-9 ; Proverbs 8:1 ; 1618420789_9 ) and Harlot Folly (Proverbs 5:1-6 ; Proverbs 6:24-35 ; Proverbs 7:1 ; Proverbs 9:13-18 ). Wisdom's invitation is to life (Proverbs 8:34-36 ); the seduction of Folly leads to death (Proverbs 5:4-6 ; Proverbs 7:22-27 ; Proverbs 9:18 ). ...
Mysteriously, Lady Wisdom speaks in public places, offering wisdom to everyone who will listen (Proverbs 1:20-22 ; Proverbs 8:1-5 ; Proverbs 9:3 ). Some scholars consider Wisdom to be an attribute of God, especially shown in creation (Proverbs 3:19-20 ; Proverbs 8:22-31 ). The sluggard must learn from the ant because the ant's work is in tune with the order of the seasons (Proverbs 6:6-11 ; compare Proverbs 10:5 ). ...
Thinking Proverbially The short Proverbs in Proverbs 10-29 cover a wealth of topics from wives ( Proverbs 11:22 ; Proverbs 3:11-121 ; Proverbs 25:24 ) to friends (Proverbs 14:20 ; Proverbs 17:17-18 ; Proverbs 18:17 ; Proverbs 27:6 ), strong drink (1618420789_2 ; Proverbs 31:4-7 ), wealth and poverty, justice and injustice, table manners and social status (Proverbs 23:1-8 ; compare Proverbs 18:16 ; Luke 14:7-11 ). ...
One cannot just use any Proverb on any topic, for Proverbs can be misused: “Like a lame man's legs, which hang useless, is a Proverb in the mouth of fools” (Proverbs 26:7 ; compare Proverbs 26:9 ). Proverbs are designed to make one wise, but they require wisdom to be used correctly. Proverbs are true, but their truth is realized only when they are fitly applied in the right situation. Job's friends misapplied Proverbs about the wicked to righteous Job. Wives can be a gift from the Lord ( Proverbs 18:22 ), but sometimes singleness seems better (Proverbs 21:9 ,Proverbs 21:9,21:19 ). Silence can be a sign of wisdom (Proverbs 17:27 ) or a cover-up (Proverbs 17:28 ). A “friend” (Hebrew, rea' ) can be trusted (Proverbs 17:17 ), but not always (Proverbs 17:18 ; “neighbor” = rea' )!...
Wealth can be a sign of God's blessing (Proverbs 3:9-10 ), but some saints suffer (1618420789_78 ). Wealth can result from wickedness (Proverbs 13:23 ; Proverbs 17:23 ; Proverbs 28:11 ; compare Proverbs 26:12 ). It is better to be poor and godly: “Better is a little with righteousness than great revenues with injustice” (Proverbs 16:8 ; compare Proverbs 15:16-17 ;
Moriah - The Proverb "in the Mount of Jehovah it (or He) shall be seen" probably originated in Jerusalem under Melchizedek
River - The Arab Proverb for a treacherous friend is "I trust not in thy torrent
Eph'Esus - The magnificence of this sanctuary was a Proverb throughout the civilized world
Naaman - He suggested to His audience that they were ready to quote the Proverb ‘Physician, heal thyself,’ and to say, ‘Whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country
Nimrod - "He was a mighty hunter before Jehovah," so that it passed into a Proverb or the refrain of ballads in describing hunters and warriors, "even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before Jehovah. "In defiance of Jehovah," as virtually" before Jehovah" (Proverbs 15:11) means, Nimrod, a Hamite intruded into Shem's portion, violently set up an empire of conquest, beginning with Babel, ever after the symbol of the world power in its hostility to God. , are but sites of buildings afterward erected; but the Proverb concerning Nimrod and the history imply an individual; the Birs (temple) Nimrud, the Sukr (dam across the Tigris) el Nimrud, and the mound Nimrud, all attest the universal recognition of him as the founder of the empire
Responsibility - He quoted a Proverb: "The fathers eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge" (Ezekiel 18:2 ; see also Jeremiah 31:29 ). Ezekiel commanded them to quit hiding behind the Proverb; they were also accountable
Parable - The parable, which was to the carnal a veiling, to the receptive was a revealing of the truth, not immediate but progressive (Proverbs 4:18). Each of the three synoptical Gospels preserves some parable peculiar to itself; John never uses the word parable but "proverb" or rather brief "allegory," parabolic saying (paroimia ). ...
The parable is longer carried out than the Proverb, and not merely by accident and occasionally, but necessarily, figurative and having a similitude. The parable is often an expanded Proverb, and the Proverb a condensed parable
Obscurity - Thus in the Last Discourse they are found exclaiming, ‘We know not what he saith’ (John 16:18); and a little later they gratefully confess, ‘Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no Proverb’ (John 16:29)
Syracuse - 4), ‘have accrued to the Syracusans that their name is embodied in the Proverb applied to those who have too great wealth, viz
Wages - Matthew 10:10), probably a quotation of a common Proverb, is of a different order
Prov'Erbs, Book of - " It is sometimes translated parable, sometimes Proverb as here. ( Proverbs 1:1 ; 10:1 ; 25:1 ) attribute the authorship of those portions to Solomon the son of David, king of Israel. With the exception of the last two chapters, which are distinctly assigned to other author it is probable that the statement of the superscriptions is in the main correct, and that the majority of the Proverbs contained in the book were uttered or collected by Solomon. 10-24 with the title "The Proverbs of Solomon," consist of three parts: (Proverbs 10:1-22 ; Proverbs 10:16 ) a collection of single Proverbs and detached sentences out of the region of moral teaching and worldly prudence; (Proverbs 22:17-24 ; Proverbs 22:21 ) a more connected didactic poem, with an introduction, (Proverbs 22:17-22 ) which contains precepts of righteousness and prudence; (Proverbs 24:23-34 ) with the inscription "These also belong to the wise," a collection of unconnected maxims, which serve as an appendix to the preceding. 25-29, which, according to the superscription, professes to be collection of Solomon's Proverbs, consisting of single sentences, which the men of the court of Hezekiah copied out. 30, "The words of Agur the son of Jakeh," is a collection of partly Proverbial and partly enigmatical sayings; the second, ch. The Proverbs are frequently quoted or alluded to in the New Testament and the canonicity of the book thereby confirmed. The following is a list of the principal passages:-- (Proverbs 1:16 ) compare Roma 3:10,15 (Proverbs 3:7 ) compare Roma 12:16 (Proverbs 3:11,12 ) compare Hebr 12:5,6, see also Reve 3:19 (Proverbs 3:34 ) compare Jame 4:6 (Proverbs 10:12 ) compare 1 Peter 4:8 ( Proverbs 11:31 ) compare 1 Peter 4:18 ( Proverbs 17:13 ) compare Roma 12:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:15 ; 1 Peter 3:9 ( Proverbs 17:27 ) compare Jame 1:19 (Proverbs 20:9 ) compare 1 John 1:8 ( Proverbs 20:20 ) compare Matthew 15:4 ; Mark 7:10 ( Proverbs 22:8 ) (LXX. ), compare 2 Corinthians 9:7 ( Proverbs 25:21,22 ) compare, Roma 12:20 (Proverbs 26:11 ) compare, 2 Peter 2:22 ( Proverbs 27:1 ) compare, Jame 4:13,14
Heredity - This is the source of Ezekiel’s emphasis on individual responsibility ( Ezekiel 18:4 ), a criticism of the Proverb concerning sour grapes (v
Messianic Secret - Jesus introduced the parable of the secret growing seed (Mark 4:26-29 ) with the Proverb: “For nothing is hidden, except to be revealed; nor has anything been secret, but that it should come to light” (Mark 4:22 NAS)
Rhodes - Highly favoured by Nature-‘the sun shines every day in Rhodes,’ said an ancient Proverb (Pliny, Historia Naturalis (Pliny) ii
Spiritualizing of the Parables - —‘The legs of the lame,’ says a Hebrew Proverb, ‘hang loose; so is a parable in the mouth of fools’ (Proverbs 26:7); but it is possible to err in the opposite direction by pressing a parable too far, and, if the expression may be allowed, riding it to death
Sardis - He threatens Sardis if she will not watch or wake up, "He will come on her as a thief"; as the Greek Proverb, "the feet of the avenging deities are shod with wool," expressing the noiseless nearness of God's judgments when supposed far off
Reproach - 24:9: “And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth for their hurt, to be a reproach and a Proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them
Proverbs, Book of - ProverbS, BOOK OF . Proverbs 1:1-33 ; Proverbs 2:1-22 ; Proverbs 3:1-35 ; Proverbs 4:1-27 ; Proverbs 5:1-23 ; Proverbs 6:1-35 ; Proverbs 7:1-27 ; Proverbs 8:1-36 ; Proverbs 9:1-18 , The Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel (heading for more than this section). Proverbs 10:1 to Proverbs 22:16 , The Proverbs of Solomon. Proverbs 22:17 to Proverbs 24:22 , … the words of the wise ( Proverbs 22:17-21 forms an introductory poem). Proverbs 24:23-34 , These also are the sayings of the wise. Proverbs 25:1-28 ; Proverbs 26:1-28 ; Proverbs 27:1-27 ; Proverbs 28:1-28 ; Proverbs 29:1-27 , These also are the Proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah copied out. Proverbs 30:1-33 , The words of Agur, etc. Proverbs 31:1-9 , The words of king Lemuel, etc. Proverbs 31:10 to Proverbs 31:31 , Without heading, but clearly distinct from VII. first, because here the typical Hebrew Proverb is best seen, especially if chs. This form gives a little more opportunity for classifying and developing the sentiment of the Proverb. The verses Proverbs 22:17-21 are a hortatory introduction. They are maxims with Proverbs among them. 25 27:22 contain Proverbs in the form of comparisons. Between the two a little piece ( Proverbs 27:23-27 ) praises the life of a farmer. The heading ( Proverbs 30:1 ) separates the chapter from the preceding, but otherwise adds little to our knowledge of the origin, for it is wellnigh unintelligible, Even if it consists of proper names, as is most likely, there is no gain from knowing them and nothing more. In Proverbs 30:15 ff. If there is a temperance lesson, it is only for the king; the advice to the poor and oppressed is very different (see Proverbs 30:6-7 ). We may suppose that the Proverbs ‘of Solomon’ in II a and II b were collected separately and then combined in II. , were then joined together, becoming known as the Proverbs ‘of Solomon’; that the collection in V. Many of the arguments valid against an early date of compilation are valueless so far as the single Proverbs are concerned. ‘Proverbs may be regarded as a manual of conduct, or, as Bruch calls it, an “anthology of gnomes. ” Its observations relate to a number of forms of life, to affairs domestic, agricultural, urban (the temptations of city life), commercial, political, and military’ (Toy, Proverbs , p
Eagle - The eagle's vigor and longevity are illustrated by the Greek Proverb, "the eagle's old age is as good as the lark's youth
Foot - ’ Edersheim further sees in the act a substitute for the washing of hands which was part of the Paschal ceremonial; and there may be a reference to the Proverb, connected with the Greek mysteries, that a great undertaking must not be entered upon ‘with unwashed feet
Camel - In the Jewish Talmud, there is, however, a similar Proverb respecting an elephant: "Rabbi Shesheth answered Rabbi Amram, who had advanced an absurdity, ‘Perhaps thou art one of the Pambidithians, who can make an elephant pass through the eye of a needle;'" that as, says the Aruch, "who speak things impossible
Scorpion - The Greeks have a Proverb, αντι περκης σκορπιον , instead of a perch, or fish, a scorpion
Strife - It was not unnatural that strongly marked varieties of character and opinion should appear in the living Apostolic Church, for the Proverb ‘many men, many minds’ had its application there as elsewhere
Fig, Fig-Tree - The bark is smooth, and the size and thickness of the leaves readily explain the point of the Jewish Proverb-‘to sit under one’s own vine and one’s own fig-tree’ (1 Kings 4:25, Micah 4:4, Zechariah 3:10)
Companion - According to Proverbs, not loving one’s neighbor is a sign of foolishness ( Proverb of the rich man and his “friends”: “Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbor” ( Fig - "To sit under one's own vine and figtree" was the Proverb for peace and prosperity; so under Solomon (1 Kings 4:25); type of the true Solomon, Prince of peace, and of His coming millennial reign (Micah 4:4; Zechariah 3:10); men will be safe in the open field as in the house
Parable - ...
What we call the Proverbs of Solomon, which are moral maxims and sentences, the Greeks call the Parables of Solomon. In the New Testament the word parable denotes sometimes a true history, or an illustrative sketch from nature; sometimes a Proverb or adage, Luke 4:23 ; a truth darkly or figuratively expressed, Matthew 15:15 ; a type, Hebrews 9:9 ; or a similitude, Luke 12:54-577 . The parabolical, enigmatical, figurative, and sententious way of speaking, was the language of the Eastern sages and learned men, Matthew 13:45-463 78:2 ; and nothing was more insupportable than to hear a fool utter parables, Proverbs 26:7
Garden - An enclosure in the suburbs, fenced with a hedge or wall (Isaiah 5:5; Proverbs 24:31), planted with flowers, shrubs, and trees, guarded (from whence comes "garden") by watchmen in a lodge or tower (Isaiah 1:8, when the lodge is forsaken by the keeper, the bore poles leaning every way and the green boughs of the roof scattered, there could scarcely be a more vivid picture of Zion's desolation, Mark 12:1) to drive away wild beasts and robbers (Job 27:18). Syria was so famed for gardens that the Greeks had a Proverb, "the many garden herbs of the Syrians
Remove, Depart - 9:7), to speak (a Proverb; Olive - ) For the Proverb in James 3:12 -‘Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive berries?’-cf
Parable - Allegory, similitude, parable, Proverb, paradox, type, and even riddle could be so designated. Proverb (Luke 4:23), paradox (Mark 7:17), similitude (Mark 4:30), allegory (Mark 4:13), and example or illustrative instance (Luke 12:16) are so named. ...
A group of passages of lesser extent than the one just considered makes a like use of sayings which were apparently Proverbial. The Proverb by itself does not constitute the parable, but the Proverb used as an illustration. Since such Proverbs are the concise and pointed formulations of the truths of common experience, we need not differentiate these parables from those last discussed—no further, at least, than to make them a subdivision of the Similitudes
Symbol - Like the Proverb and parable, the symbol implies a connexion between two things of which one is concrete and physical, the other abstract and referring to intellectual, moral, and spiritual matters
Iconium - When the city became the capital of the Seljuk State, which was founded about 1072, its splendour gave rise to the Proverb, ‘See all the world; but see Konia
Agriculture - ( Isaiah 7:25 ) New ground and fallows, (Jeremiah 4:3 ; Hosea 10:12 ) were cleared of stones and of thorns, (Isaiah 5:2 ) early in the year, sowing or gathering from "among thorns" being a Proverb for slovenly husbandry. (Job 5:5 ; Proverbs 24:30,31 ) Sowing also took place without previous ploughing, the seed being scattered broad cast and ploughed in afterwards
Rehoboam - ) It would have saved Rehoboam the loss of the majority of his kingdom, had he heeded his father's wise old counselors (Proverbs 27:10), and shown the same conciliatory spirit in reply to Israel's embassy; but he forgot his father's Proverb (Proverbs 15:1)
Galilee - ‘Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?’ ( John 1:46 ) was one Proverb
Leaven - In what is probably his earliest letter, Paul cites the Proverbial statement, "A little yeast works through the whole batch of dough" (Galatians 5:9 ). This Proverb is intended by Paul to cause the Galatians to expel the dangerous Judaizers from their churches. ...
The same Proverbial citation and symbolism occur in 1 Corinthians 5
Carpenter - The passage of Sirach quoted is from the chapter describing the honour of a physician, with which may be compared the Proverb, ‘Physician, heal thyself,’ quoted by Christ in similar circumstances at Nazareth, when they said, ‘Is not this Joseph’s son?’...
An attempt to make Mark 6:3 conform to Matthew 13:55 is seen in some old MSS Parable - The Hebrews call it משל , from a word which signifies either to predominate or to assimilate; the Proverbs of Solomon are by them also called משלים , parables, or Proverbs. ...
In the New Testament, the word parable is used variously: in Luke 4:23 , for a Proverb, or adage; in Matthew 15:15 , for a thing darkly and figuratively expressed; in Hebrews 9:9 , &c, for a type; in Luke 14:7 , &c, for a special instruction; in Matthew 24:32 , for a similitude or comparison
Tabernacles, Feast of - Joy was the prominent feature, from whence the Proverb, "he who has never seen the rejoicing at the pouring out of the water of Siloam has never seen joy in his life" (Succah 5:1)
Wisdom And Wise Men - They also learned that success and happiness came from living in accordance with that orderliness (Proverbs 22:17-24:22 ). Undoubtedly, in this sense wisdom comes from God (Proverbs 2:6 ). Thus, though it will involve observation and instruction, it really begins with God and one's faith in Him as Lord and Savior (Proverbs 1:7 ; Job 28:28 ). ...
Though the movement became less visible during the early part of the divided monarchy, it was still quite active, for Hezekiah's wise men were very concerned about preserving the wisdom tradition for future generations (Proverbs 25:1 ). Some of these patterns expressed the same thoughts (Proverbs 20:1 ), while others expressed opposing thoughts (Proverbs 10:1 ), or developed a given thought (Proverbs 31:10-31 ). In time, these parallel patterns were structured into specific forms such as the Proverb, riddle, allegory, hymn, disputation, autobiographical narrative, didactic narrative, and lists. ...
Wisdom Became the Guide for Daily Living Though in recent years many parts of the sacred Scripture have been considered under wisdom's umbrella, no doubt the greatest contribution of Israel's sages has been the three books found in the “writings” (Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes). The greatest of these may be faith which is constantly watching over wisdom and really all of life (Proverbs 1:7 ). See Ecclesiastes; Job; Proverbs
Corinth - The manners of the citizens were particularly corrupt: they were, indeed, infamous to a Proverb
Corinth - And therefore it was also on account of these women that the city was crowded with people and grew rich; for instance, the ship-captains freely squandered their money, and hence the Proverb, “Not for every man is the voyage to Corinth
Heart - The effect of the rending of the pericardium is referred to by Hosea as well known ( 1 Samuel 13:8 ); and although the Proverb ‘a sound (RVm [1] ‘tranquil’) heart is the life of the flesh’ ( Proverbs 14:30 ) is primarily intended as a psychological truth, the simile is evidently borrowed from a universally recognized physiological fact (cf. Proverbs 4:23 ). It was a characteristic, too, of Hebraistic thought which made this organ the seat of the various activities of the intellect , such as understanding ( Job 34:10 ; Job 34:34 , 1 Kings 4:29 ), purpose or determination ( Exodus 14:5 , 1 Samuel 7:3 , 1 Kings 8:48 , Isaiah 10:7 ), consciousness ( Proverbs 14:10 , where, if EV Honesty - It cannot be dealt with on prudential lines such as are indicated by the Proverb, ‘Honesty is the best policy
Samuel, the Books of - ...
That the composer used various existing materials appears from the distinct, but not irreconcilable, accounts of Saul's first acquaintance with David (1 Samuel 16:14-23; 1 Samuel 17:55-58), also of Saul's death (1 Samuel 31:2-6; 1 Samuel 31:8-13; 2 Samuel 1:2-12), also of the origin of the Proverb "is Saul also among the prophets?" (1 Samuel 10:9-12; 1 Samuel 19:22-24)
Ravels - עורב , in Chaldee, orba, in Syriac, croac, in Latin, corvus, Genesis 8:7 ; Leviticus 11:15 ; Deuteronomy 14:14 ; 1 Kings 17:4 ; 1 Kings 17:6 ; Job 38:41 ; Psalms 147:9 ; Proverbs 30:17 ; Song of Solomon 5:11 ; Isaiah 34:11 ; κοραξ , Luke 12:24 ; a well known bird of prey. Solomon, speaking of the peculiar regard and veneration due to the worthy persons and salutary instructions of parents, observes, that an untimely fate, and the want of decent interment, may be expected from contrary conduct; and that the leering eye, which throws wicked contempt on a good father, and insolent disdain on a tender mother, shall be dug out of the unburied exposed corpse by the ravens of the valley, and eaten up by the young eagles, Proverbs 30:17 . " Many other testimonies might be adduced, but these are sufficient to justify the allusion in the Proverb
Parable - ]'>[6] ], Micah 2:4 , Habakkuk 2:3 ); in Job 27:1 ; Luke 15:3-786 of Job’s sentences of ethical wisdom, differing little from the ‘ Proverbs ’ of 1 Kings 4:32 , Proverbs 1:1 ; Proverbs 10:1 (the same word mâshâl ). ]'>[7] ) it is used of a Proverb. Proverbs 26:7-9 speaks of ‘a parable in the mouth of fools,’ which halts and is misapplied. ]'>[1] ‘proverb. ]'>[2] and in the Gospel of John indicates that a Proverb or parable, being drawn from common objects and incidents, was available and meant for public use
Barzillai - Highland hospitality is a Proverb of honour among us; and Barzilla's hospitality was the same Proverb in the whole after history of Israel
Monk - However, their licentiousness, even in this century, was become a Proverb; and they are said to have excited the most dreadful tumults and seditions in various places
Liberality of Sentiment - It is a Persian Proverb, A liberal hand is better than a strong arm
Monk - However, their licentiousness, even in this century, was become a Proverb; and they are said to have excited the most dreadful tumults and seditions in various places
Nabal - ' But there is a Latin Proverb to this effect, that to be the son of a good father is the shame of a bad son. As it was, it became a Proverb in Israel to ask when a madman, or a man possessed with a devil, or a man who took his own life, died, Died he as Nabal died? Take care, O churlish husband! Take care, O man with a heart of stone beginning in thy bosom
Esau - " Esau found the truth of the homely Proverb, "he that will not when he may, when he will shall have nay" (Proverbs 1:24-30; Luke 13:28; Luke 13:34-35; Luke 19:42; Deuteronomy 2:5-12). Esau was moved by God in answer to Jacob's wrestling prayer to lay aside revenge and meet his brother with embraces, kisses, and tears (Proverbs 16:7)
Corrupt, Verb And Adjective. Corruption, Corruptible, Incorruption, Incorruptible - ...
A — 2: φθείρω (Strong's #5351 — Verb — phtheiro — fthi'-ro ) signifies "to destroy by means of corrupting," and so "bringing into a worse state;" (a) with this significance it is used of the effect of evil company upon the manners of believers, and so of the effect of association with those who deny the truth and hold false doctrine, 1 Corinthians 15:33 (this was a saying of the pagan poet Menander, which became a well known Proverb); in 2 Corinthians 7:2 , of the effects of dishonorable dealing by bringing people to want (a charge made against the Apostle); in 2 Corinthians 11:3 , of the effects upon the minds (or thoughts) of believers by "corrupting" them "from the simplicity and the purity that is toward Christ;" in Ephesians 4:22 , intransitively, of the old nature in waxing "corrupt," "morally decaying, on the way to final ruin" (Moule), "after the lusts of deceit;" in Revelation 19:2 , metaphorically, of the Babylonish harlot, in "corrupting" the inhabitants of the earth by her false religion
Waterpot - 13 occurs the Proverb ἐκ πίθω ἀντλεῖς (like our ‘going it’)
Jew - It was said to them, "Thou shalt become an astonishment, a Proverb and a by-word among all nations, whither the Lord shall lead thee
Debt, Debtor - the Proverb in 1 Timothy 5:18 and μίσθωμα (hired house) in Acts 28:30)
Statute, Ordinance - A Proverb speaks about “the food that is my portion” ( Ecclesiastes, Theology of - For instance, while the Book of Proverbs advocates a total commitment to the way of wisdom, Qohelet says, "Do not be overrighteous, neither be overwise" (7:16) and concludes that in the long run wisdom can get us no further than folly (2:12-16). The theological contribution of the book, according to this approach, is its affirmation of the wisdom traditions of Proverbs and its encouragement of enjoying the little pleasures of the present life in the midst of a fallen world. Qohelet is a wisdom teacher who struggles with the traditions of his people, including the normative traditions of a book like Proverbs. On the one hand, he quotes a Proverb to the effect that to cease work leads to destruction (4:5), but quickly follows this with a second Proverb that encourages a tranquil lifestyle (4:6). In the initial phase of his comparison between wisdom and folly, he sounds very similar to the teaching of Proverbs and concludes that "wisdom is better than folly" (v. The Book of Proverbs does not give a list of truths that are always, everywhere appropriate, but a series of principles that are to be applied at the right time
Violence - This is a nuance that may also be intended by the dual Proverbial use of the observation that the mouth of the wicked conceals violence (Proverbs 10:6,11 ). Lady Wisdom simply asserts that one who misses her inflicts violence on himself (Proverbs 8:36 ). ...
Wisdom use of the term correlates with the indictments of the prophets; one of the words of the wise counseled against plundering the poor because he is poor (Proverbs 22:22 ; cf. Ironically, evil men are "plundered" of sleep unless they are engaged in evil activity (Proverbs 4:16 ). An antithetical Proverb juxtaposes oppressing the poor with being gracious to the needy (Proverbs 14:31 ); oppressing the poor for much gain is said to bring poverty (Proverbs 22:16 )
Poetry - Oriental poetry embalmed its sentiments in terse, Proverbial sentences, called mashal. ) The kinds distinguished are:...
(1) the synonymous parallelism, in which the second repeats the first with or without increase of force (Psalms 22:27; Isaiah 15:1), sometimes with double parallelism (Isaiah 1:15);...
(2) the antithetic, in which the idea of the second clause is the converse of that in the first (Proverbs 10:1);...
(3) the synthetic or competing, where there is a correspondence between different sentences, noun answering to noun, verb to verb, member to member, the sentiment in each being enforced by accessory ideas (Isaiah 55:6-7). Proverbs, and the Song of Solomon. The predominant style of lyrical poetry is apparently derived front an earlier terse and sententious kind, resembling that of Proverbs. The Eastern mind embodies thought in pithy maxims; hence maashal , "proverb," is used for poetry in general. ...
Solomon probably embodied in Proverbs preexisting popular wise sayings, under the Spirit's guidance
Wise, Skilled - It occurs most frequently in Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes, for which reason these books are known as “wisdom literature”. Like châkâm, most occurrences of this word are in Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. The prerequisite is a desire to follow and imitate God as He has revealed Himself in Jesus Christ, without self-reliance and especially not in a spirit of pride: “A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels: to understand a Proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings. The fruits of chokmâh are many, and the Book of Proverbs describes the characters of the châkâm and chokmâh. Even “wisdom” is personified in Proverbs
Solomon - A board or two of rare and precious wood, indeed; and some of them richly worked and overlaid with silver and gold-it was Solomon with his sermons, and his prayers, and his Proverbs, and his songs, and his temple. I can imagine many open-minded young men here, and many open-minded old men like Jonathan Edwards, who will go back to the prophetic precomposition and the prophetic reproduction of this great prayer with thankfulness to God for the splendid service that Christian scholarship is doing to Holy Scriptures, and not least to Solomon's psalms and songs and prayers and Proverbs in our open-eyed, believing, and truly reverential day. Bacon, like Solomon, put tongues into trees and made them speak Proverbs. Bacon's Essays are our English Book of Proverbs, and an English Ecclesiastes could easily be collected out of Bacon's Letters and Speeches. ...
The books of Solomon so-called-the Proverbs, the Ecclesiastes, and the Song-had a great struggle to get a footing inside the Old Testament. Both the sense of truth and the instinct of verisimilitude kept back all those who ever assumed Solomon's name from ever putting a penitential psalm, or a Proverb of true repentance, in Solomon's mouth. Dreams at Gibeon, building of temples and kings' houses, largeness of heart, gifts of prophecy, a tongue of men and angels, Proverbs and songs and Songs of songs-all is vanity if there is not along with it all constant repentance, daily self-denial, and a heart more and more perfect with God. The wise men of the east, wiser than Solomon, have a Proverb upon the secret worm that was gnawing all the time in the royal staff upon which Solomon leaned
Ahithophel - The counsel of Ahithophel was a Proverb in Israel in David's day. David and Ahithophel were such close companions, indeed, that had it not been for Jonathan, the Proverb might have run thus-David and Ahithophel: so was the soul of David knit to the soul of Ahithophel
Eagle - Its sight is quick, strong, and piercing, to a Proverb. The surprising rapidity with which the blessings of common providence sometimes vanish from the grasp of the possessor is thus described by Solomon: "Riches certainly make themselves wings: they fly away as an eagle toward heaven," Proverbs 23:5
Corner-Stone - It would, however, sometimes happen that a stone discarded by certain builders would be recognized by a wiser master as that which he needed for an important place in his building, and this gave rise to the Proverbial saying quoted in Psalms 118:22, which is familiarly repeated and applied to-day in Syria. In the art of building, a familiar Proverb says, ‘One stroke from the master, even though it be behind his back, is better than the hammering of a thousand others. Similar Proverbs are current with regard to the baker, tailor, carpenter, blacksmith, teacher, doctor, and almost every form of technical industry and specialized profession
Dead, the - the familiar Proverb, De mortuis nil nisi bonum
Mammon - And the two, faithfulness and forethought, are different sides of the same habit—pretty much as in the Proverb, ‘What I gave, I have’ (cf. Proverbs 11:24)
Head - ), and in the Proverb that kindness to an enemy heaps coals of fire on his head (Romans 12:20; cf. Proverbs 25:22)
Head - ), and in the Proverb that kindness to an enemy heaps coals of fire on his head (Romans 12:20; cf. Proverbs 25:22)
Wisdom - The great literary landmarks of the ‘wisdom’ teaching are the Books of Proverbs, Job, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Sirach, and the Wisdom of Solomon. riddle ( Judges 14:14-18 ), fable ( 1 Kings 5:12 ), parable ( 2 Samuel 12:1-3 , Isaiah 5:1-5 ), Proverb ( 1 Samuel 10:12 , Jeremiah 31:29 ), essay ( Isaiah 28:23-29 ), lyric, address, etc. Indeed, the sages themselves did not wholly escape being influenced by these tendencies: witness the orthodoxy of the bulk of the Book of Proverbs, the scepticism of Ecclesiastes, and the Greek elements in the Wisdom of Solomon. ...
The writers of Proverbs, for the most part, stand firmly upon the old paths; in the midst of mental and moral chaos and flux they insist upon adherence to the old standards of truth and goodness, and they promise success to all who heed their instruction. Still further, ‘wisdom’ was personified and represented as the companion of God in all His creative activities ( Proverbs 8:22-31 ); and was, at last, under the influence of Greek thought, personalized, or hypostatized, and made to function as an intermediary between man and God, carrying out His beneficent purposes towards the righteous ( Wis 8:1 ; Wis 8:3-4 ; Wis 9:4 ; Wis 9:9 ; Wis 9:11 ; Wis 9:18 ; Wis 10:1 ; Wis 10:4 )
Saul - " The simple countryman was transformed into the king of Israel, a remarkable change suddenly took place in his whole demeanour, and the people said in their astonishment, as they looked on the stalwart son of Kish, "Is Saul also among the prophets?", a saying which passed into a "proverb
the Unprofitable Servant - End it all with his Proverb in your mouth, and in your heart
Poetry - No doubt many readers will conjure images of the so-called poetic books in the Old Testament (Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon) upon hearing the term "biblical poetry. (Proverbs 12:1 ) The third aspect of parallelism, called "synthetic" (or "formal") parallelism is the largest grouping, and also the most controversial. For instance, the wisdom writer's message demanded that the Proverb would be precisely recalled
Proverbs, Theology of - Proverb's theology consists of five aspects: (1) God has immutably structured both the cosmos and society; (2) God has revealed the social structure through this book; (3) the social structure consists of a nexus uniting deed and destiny; (4) adherence to the Lord's ordained structure is a matter of the heart; and (5) words are powerfully effective in shaping young hearts. The Proverbs are true only if God upholds them. One's faith is not in the Proverbs themselves, but in the Lord who stands behind them (3:5; 22:19). Whereupon he coins his Proverb: "A little sleep, a little slumber and poverty will come on you like a bandit" (vv. Through the lens of the Mosaic covenant, the inspired king coined his Proverbs (Proverbs 29:18 ). This nexus is represented by the metaphor "way, " which occurs about seventy-five times in the entire Book of Proverbs and thirty times in chapters 1-9, a collection of admonitions to embrace the book's teaching and the hermeneutical key to the book. Whereas Christianity thinks of itself as a "faith, " the Book of Proverbs, like most of the Bible, thinks of the faithful as following a way, a halakah, a life-path. Wisdom is concerned with establishing and maintaining that proper relationship and so life (Proverbs 30:1). If not, the murder of Abel in Genesis 4 , of the innocent blood in Proverbs 1:8-19 , and of the Son of God deconstructs both the Bible and this book, for the wicked will have triumphed over the righteous. The seduced fool in Proverbs 5 rues after his body is spent that he wasted his life (vv. " Even as Proverbs 24:16 almost dismisses the fall of the righteous in a concessive clause, other Proverbs also, while affirming the moral order, also assert or imply that the righteous suffer while the wicked prosper. It qualifies the conduct-consequence nexus by the "better than" Proverbs (e. These Proverbs link poverty with righteousness and wealth with wickedness and so make it perfectly plain that piety and morality do not lead immediately to a joyous end. ...
Because of the epigrammatic nature of the Proverbs, each expresses a truth with the greatest concentration on its subject matter. Although children are accountable for their own decisions (Ezekiel 18:20 ), parental training will have its effect (Proverbs 22:6,15 ). Bostrom, The God of the Sages: The Portrayal of God in the Book of Proverbs ; B. Kidner, The Wisdom of Proverbs, Job and Ecclesiastes ; K. McKane, Proverbs: A New Approach ; C
Games - ’ It should be noted that this last-named experience has also been refined into a Proverb (C
the Unmerciful Servant - And all your days you would have attributed any success of yours to that teacher who first printed that Proverb on your young conscience, and at the same time showed you how to perform it
the Angel of the Church in Pergamos - And they, repenting and groaning for anguish of spirit, shall say within themselves-This was he whom we had sometimes in derision, and made a Proverb of reproach
the Angel of the Church of the Laodiceans - For it was a Proverb in Athens that they were always well in health, and full of all sweet affability all next day, who had supped last night with Plato
Antioch - ‘Daphnic morals’ became a Proverb
Nimrod - ' Nimrod's name, you will see, was a Proverb in Israel down even to the day that Moses composed this book
mo'Ses - The view has passes into a Proverb for all nations
Parable - the word is mashal, 'a similitude,' and is also translated 'proverb
Parables - A mashal can be a Proverb ( 1 Samuel 10:12 ), a taunt (Micah 2:4 ), a dark riddle (Psalm 78:2 ), an allegory (Ezekiel 24:3-4 ), or a parable
John, Gospel of (ii. Contents) - Our Evangelist, on the other hand, represents Jesus as taking part in long polemical disputations with ‘the Jews,’ who are as much His enemies as they were the enemies of the Christian Church 80 years later; the parables have disappeared, and their place is taken by ‘proverbs’ or symbolic language; and, above all, His whole teaching is centred upon faith in and devotion to Himself. ’ His own word for the allegoric method is ‘proverb’ (παροιμία). Up to the end of the last discourse, Jesus has spoken to His disciples in Proverbs; but the time was coming (after the withdrawal of His bodily presence) in which, through the medium of the Paraclete, He should no more speak to them in Proverbs, but should show them plainly of the Father. The Proverb is different from the Synoptic παραβολή, which is a story with a religious and moral application—a story which has a complete sense in itself, apart from the lesson, which is generally conveyed by the story as a whole, and not by the details
Golden Rule - His reply to those who act on the principle of the German Proverb, ‘The left hand washes the right, and the right hand washes the left,’ is in substance as follows: Jesus does not say, ‘Whatsoever one of you would that another should do to him, let him do the same to that other
Metaphors - § the Ten Virgins - Indeed, ever since Paul's day the price of Christ and His righteousness has been a Proverb of impoverishment in the Church of Christ
Wealth - Psalms and Proverbs therefore continue a two-pronged approach to riches and poverty. Wealth may be a reward for industry or righteousness (Psalm 112 ; Proverbs 12:11 ; 13:21 ; 21:5 ). But it is at least as often the ill-gotten product of wickedness or hostility, in which case it is better to be poor (Psalm 37:16-17 ; Proverbs 15:16-17 ; 16:8 ; 17:1 ). These contrasting emphases caution against absolutizing any one particular Proverb; wisdom literature after all provides only generalizations of what is often true, and some statements are descriptive rather than prescriptive. Biblical wisdom also stresses the transience of earthly wealth (Psalm 39:4-6 ; Proverbs 23:4-5 ; Ecclesiastes 5:8-17 ) and the future recompense of the oppressed (Psalm 49:10-20 ). Those who are given much must therefore not trust in their own resources but in God (Psalm 52:7 ; Proverbs 3:9-10 ) and must use their abundance to help the needy (Psalm 82:3-4 ; Proverbs 29:7 ). The ideal is to pray for enough possessions to avoid the temptation to steal but not enough to feel independent of God (Proverbs 30:8-9 )
Absalom - And the hair of his head is a Proverb to this day. And, then, our Solomon is always dreaming his dream at Gibeon, and when he is not choosing wisdom for himself he is always writing inspired Proverbs about wisdom for his son
Gregorius (32) Turonensis, Bishop of Tours - "This advice," says Gregory, "I gave sincerely, and for the love of God, but Leudastes suspected treachery, and refused to take it: so the Proverb was fulfilled which I once heard an old man tell, 'Always give good counsel to friend and foe; the friend will take it, the foe will despise it
Saul - Next prophets met him, and suddenly the Spirit of God coming upon him he prophesied among them, so that the Proverb concerning him then first began, "is Saul also among the prophets?" The public outward call followed at Mizpeh, when God caused the lot to fall on Saul. " The secret of Saul's disobedience he discloses, "because I feared the people and obeyed their voice," instead of God's voice (Exodus 23:2; Proverbs 29:25). A word was enough to awaken suspicion, and suspicion was wrested into proof of treason, "what can he have more but the kingdom?" (see Ecclesiastes 4:4; Proverbs 27:4). But Jehovah, "in whose hand the king's heart is, to turn it wheresoever He will" (Proverbs 21:1), caused him who came to persecute to prophesy with the prophets
Nehemiah - He was the royal favourite above all the rest of the palace, till his privileges and his powers and his wealth were all a Proverb
Joseph - Joseph inherited all his mother's Proverbial gracefulness and sweetness and attractive beauty. More and more chaste, temperate, patient, enduring, forgiving; full of mind and full of heart; and full, no man ever fuller, of a simple and a sincere piety and praise of God, till he became a very Proverb both in the splendour of his services, and in the splendour of his rewards
Poetry - They had special names for ‘proverb’ and ‘song’ ; they provided the Psalms with headings, some of which must have been musical directions; they made alphabetical poems, the several lines or stanzas of which begin with the letters of the alphabet in regular order. This is especially common in Proverbs. (Proverbs 10:1 ). (Proverbs 26:4 ). By far the greater part of the OT poetry is of course religious and ethical, as the Psalms, Proverbs , and Job (see artt
Diseases - Jesus noted the purpose of a physician is to treat the ill (Matthew 9:12 ; Mark 2:17 ; Luke 5:31 ), and he referred to a common Proverb, “Physician, heal thyself” (Luke 4:23 )
Jacob - Jacob and his staff were a perfect Proverb in Padan-aram
Nebuchadnezzar - You know the prophetic Proverb also about the letting out of water
Esau - He was a very Proverb of courage and endurance and success in the chase
Jonath - And that to 'break the ships of Tarshish with an east wind' was a sailors' Proverb for a terrible storm among the seafaring folk of those ancient days
Division of the Earth - The name of the patriarch himself was preserved among his Grecian descendants, in the Proverb, του ‘Ιαπετου πρεσβυτερος , older than Japetus, denoting the remotest antiquity
Ezekiel, Theology of - ...
In chapter 18 Ezekiel confronts the popular Proverb of his time, "The fathers eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge" (v
Eli - ' Like our own Proverb, Eli is seen shutting the stable-door with many tears and sobs years and years after the steeds have been stolen
Metaphor - Thus the Greek παραβολή in the NT means not only ‘parable’ but ‘comparison’ (Hebrews 9:9), and in Luke 4:23 the Proverb or adage ‘Physician, heal thyself,’ is called παραβολή
Samuel - Samuel was a Proverb of prayer
Prophecy - ' ...
We see the Jews severely punished for their infidelity and disobedience to their great prophet like unto Moses: 'plucked from off their own land, and removed into all the kingdoms of the earth; oppressed and spoiled evermore;' and made 'a Proverb and a by-word among all nations
Moses - 1:9, 6; 2:9), at the time of Israel's deepest depression, from whence the Proverb, "when the tale of bricks is doubled then comes Moses. ...
"It came into his heart (from God's Spirit, Proverbs 16:1) to visit his brethren, the children of Israel" (Acts 7:23)
Sin - The knowledge of the prohibition stimulates, and does not restrain, the opposition of sin to law; as the common Proverb says, ‘Forbidden fruit is sweet
Slave, Slavery - This state of things gave rise to the Proverb: ‘Quot servi, tot hostes
Sirach - In the Jewish oral tradition it is cited as The Book of Ben-Sira, whereas according to Jerome it was called Proverbs. Thus he utilizes the whole of Isaiah, all five books of Psalms, Job, Ecclesiastes, and every division of the Proverbs. Ethics, 1100 A 11), though it is constantly quoted as a Proverb. Comparison of this passage with Proverbs 31:10-31, on which it is partly modelled, indicates very clearly the influence of the beauty-cult of the Hellenes on the Israelitish mind
Babylon - " "Thou shalt take up this Proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased! Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee