What does Olive mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
זַ֔יִת olive 3
שָׁ֑מֶן fat 3
זַ֖יִת olive 2
זֵיתֵיהֶ֖ם olive 1
כַּ֝זַּ֗יִת olive 1
וְזֵיתִים֙ olive 1
זָֽיִת olive 1
לַזַּ֖יִת olive 1
הַזַּ֔יִת olive 1
ἀγριέλαιος of or belonging to the oleaster or wild olive. / the oleaster 1
זַ֤יִת olive 1
וְזֵיתִ֛ים olive 1
זֵיתִ֑ים olive 1
כְּזַ֣יִת olive 1
זֵיתִ֖ים olive 1
הַזֵּיתִים֙ olive 1
הַזֵּיתִ֗ים olive 1
זַ֙יִת֙ olive 1
הַזַּ֖יִת olive 1
כַזַּ֖יִת olive 1
זֵ֤ית olive 1
ἐλαῖαι an olive tree. / an olive 1
ἐλαίας an olive tree. / an olive 1
ἐλαίᾳ an olive tree. / an olive 1
καλλιέλαιον the garden olive as opposed to the wild olive. 1
הַזֵּיתִ֤ים olive 1
וְזֵיתֵיכֶ֛ם olive 1
וְזֵיתִ֤ים olive 1
ἀγριελαίου of or belonging to the oleaster or wild olive. / the oleaster 1
וְזֵיתֵיכֶ֖ם olive 1
זֵֽיתְךָ֔ olive 1
זֵיתִ֛ים olive 1
וְזֵיתִ֖ים olive 1
זֵ֥ית olive 1
לְזֵיתֶֽךָ olive 1
שֶׁמֶן֒ fat 1

Definitions Related to Olive

H2132


   1 Olive, Olive tree.
      1a Olive tree.
      1b olives.
   2 mountain facing Jerusalem on the east side.
   

H8081


   1 fat, oil.
      1a fat, fatness.
      1b oil, Olive oil.
         1b1 as staple, medicament or unguent.
         1b2 for anointing.
      1c fat (of fruitful land, valleys) (metaph).
      

G1636


   1 an Olive tree.
   2 an Olive, the fruit of an Olive tree.
   

G65


   1 of or belonging to the oleaster or wild Olive.
   2 the oleaster, wild Olive tree.
   

G2565


   1 the garden Olive as opposed to the wild Olive.
   

Frequency of Olive (original languages)

Frequency of Olive (English)

Dictionary

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Olive Olive-Tree
Olive, Olive-Tree. 1 Kings 6:23. The olive, olea Europæa. It grows plentifully almost everywhere near the shores of the Mediterranean, and is abundant in Palestine. Deuteronomy 6:11; Deuteronomy 8:8. Olive yards are therefore commonly mentioned as a considerable part of a man's property. 1 Samuel 8:14; 1 Chronicles 27:28. This tree flourishes in Syria, in warm and sunny situations, on a rocky soil, at a height not greater than about 3000 feet above the level of the sea. It increases slowly to a moderate altitude of twenty or thirty feet, with a knotty trunk, and numerous extended branches. The leaves grow in pairs, of a pale dusty color, and are not deciduous. The white flowers appear in June; and the fruit is an oblong berry, first green, and, when fully ripe, a blackish-purple. The wood is something like box, but softer, with dark gray veins. The olive tree lives to a great age. With an olive leaf in her mouth the dove returned to Noah when the waters of the flood were abated. Genesis 8:11. The high estimation in which the olive tree was held is seen by its being placed first in Jotham's parable. Judges 9:8-9. And it is often mentioned as indicating plenty, prosperity, and strength; the allusion taking its force from the products, from the evergreen character, and the protracted existence of the tree, e.g., Psalms 52:8, an olive being often planted in the court of a building, Psalms 128:3, young shoots springing, from an old trunk; Jeremiah 11:16; Hosea 14:6. And various applications of the berries are referred to, Deuteronomy 24:20, the oil, Leviticus 24:2, which was an article of commerce, 1 Kings 5:11, and the wood, 6:31-33.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Olive Branch
A symbol of peace. In ancient times it was used as a signal between contending armies, asking for a truce. It is often shown in the hand of the Archangel Gabriel, the messenger who announced the coming of the Prince of Peace.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Oil, Olive
Oil obtained from the pulp of olives. It is mixed with balsam in the making of chrism, which is used in the administration of certain sacraments. It represents the copious outpouring of sacramental grace which gives strength to the soul as oil does to the body. In the Old Testament God commanded that a lamp filled with purest oil of olives should always burn in the Tabernacle of the Testimony (Exodus 27); it was also used in many religious ceremonies, e.g., coronation of kings, consecration of the high priest, and ordination of the Levites, and was prominent in Mosaic ordinances (Exodus 30; Leviticus 8; Deuteronomy 28).
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Olive Oil
Oil obtained from the pulp of olives. It is mixed with balsam in the making of chrism, which is used in the administration of certain sacraments. It represents the copious outpouring of sacramental grace which gives strength to the soul as oil does to the body. In the Old Testament God commanded that a lamp filled with purest oil of olives should always burn in the Tabernacle of the Testimony (Exodus 27); it was also used in many religious ceremonies, e.g., coronation of kings, consecration of the high priest, and ordination of the Levites, and was prominent in Mosaic ordinances (Exodus 30; Leviticus 8; Deuteronomy 28).
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Olive Sunday
Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Before the Mass of the day the Palms are to be solemnly blessed. In connection with this blessing a procession is prescribed. The palms which have just been blessed are carried in the hands of the participants in the procession. It leaves the church proper, and should move entirely about the outer circumference of the church, where this is feasible. Before re-entering the church two chanters enter, and behind closed doors sing or chant the Gloria laus et honor, awaiting the answer from those still outside the door. The Cross-bearer strikes the door with the foot of the Cross, whereupon the door is opened and the procession enters. According to Almar this procession was already in vogue in the 9th century. There is no trace of it in Rome so early. However, in the Middle Ages it was quite common everywhere. In the 16th century the procession was often dramatic in its arrangements; it was almost a pageant in severai places in Germany, and many of the processions went from one church to another at some distance. The way was often strewn with cloths of rare texture in imitation of what was done on the first Palm Sunday. Other bits of pageantry were the figure of the Christ riding on an ass. The palms, when burned, supply the ashes for distribution on Ash Wednesday of the next year. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Wild Olive
WILD OLIVE . See Grafting, Olive.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Olive-Tree
Is frequently mentioned in Scripture. The dove from the ark brought an olive-branch to Noah (Genesis 8:11 ). It is mentioned among the most notable trees of Palestine, where it was cultivated long before the time of the Hebrews (Deuteronomy 6:11 ; 8:8 ). It is mentioned in the first Old Testament parable, that of Jotham (Judges 9:9 ), and is named among the blessings of the "good land," and is at the present day the one characteristic tree of Palestine. The oldest olive-trees in the country are those which are enclosed in the Garden of Gethsemane. It is referred to as an emblem of prosperity and beauty and religious privilege (Psalm 52:8 ; Jeremiah 11:16 ; Hosea 14:6 ). The two "witnesses" mentioned in Revelation 11:4 are spoken of as "two olive trees standing before the God of the earth." (Compare Zechariah 4:3,11-14 .) The "olive-tree, wild by nature" (Romans 11:24 ), is the shoot or cutting of the good olive-tree which, left ungrafted, grows up to be a "wild olive." In Romans 11:17 Paul refers to the practice of grafting shoots of the wild olive into a "good" olive which has become unfruitful. By such a process the sap of the good olive, by pervading the branch which is "graffed in," makes it a good branch, bearing good olives. Thus the Gentiles, being a "wild olive," but now "graffed in," yield fruit, but only through the sap of the tree into which they have been graffed. This is a process "contrary to nature" (11:24).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Olive
The fruit of the olive-tree. This tree yielded oil which was highly valued. The best oil was from olives that were plucked before being fully ripe, and then beaten or squeezed (Deuteronomy 24:20 ; Isaiah 17:6 ; 24:13 ). It was called "beaten," or "fresh oil" (Exodus 27:20 ). There were also oil-presses, in which the oil was trodden out by the feet (Micah 6:15 ). (James 3:12 ) calls the fruit "olive berries." The phrase "vineyards and olives" (Judges 15:5 , A.V.) should be simply "olive-yard," or "olive-garden," as in the Revised Version. (See OIL .)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Olive
Its foliage is the earliest mentioned (Genesis 8:11). Tradition from Noah's days has ever made it symbolize peace. It is the emblem of "fatness" in the oldest parable (Judges 9:8-9). Emblem of the godly (Psalms 52:5; Psalms 52:8), in spirit constantly dwelling "in the house of God"; in contrast to slave-like formalists now sojourning outwardly in it for a time, but not abiding ever (John 8:34-35; Psalms 15:1; Psalms 23:6; Psalms 27:4-5; Psalms 36:8); the wicked and antichrist shall be "rooted out of (God's) dwelling place," literally, 5 ('ohel ). The Septuagint, Chaldee, Vulgate, and Aben Ezra interpret 'ohel "the tabernacle" (2 Thessalonians 2:4; Daniel 11:44-45). The saint's children are "like olive plants round about his table" (Psalms 128:3).
The old olive sends out young suckers which spring up round the parent tree, and which in after ages, when the parent's strength fails, shelter it on every side from the blast. It is the characteristic tree of Judea on Roman coins, Deuteronomy 8:8. Asher "dipped his foot in oil" (Deuteronomy 33:24). Emblem of Judah's adoption of God by grace (Jeremiah 11:16; Romans 11:17), also of joy and prosperity. The Gentile church is the wild twig "engrafted contrary to nature" on the original Jewish olive stock; it marks supernatural virtue in the stock that it enables those wild by nature to bear good fruit; ordinarily it is only a superior scion that is grafted on an inferior. The two witnesses for God (antitypes to Elijah and Moses, Zerubbabel and Joshua, the civil ruler and the priest: Malachi 4:5-6; Matthew 17:11; Acts 3:21; Judges 1:6) are "the two olive trees," channels of the oil (the Holy Spirit in them) feeding the church (Revelation 11:3-4; Zechariah 4:11-12).
The wood, fine grained, solid, and yellowish, was used for the cherubim , doors, and posts (1 Kings 6:23; 1 Kings 6:31-33). The tree was shaken to get the remnant left after the general gathering (by "beating," Deuteronomy 24:20), Isaiah 24:13; image of Israel's "remnant according to the election of grace." The least breeze makes the flowers fall; compare Job 15:33, "he shall cast off his flower as the olive," i.e. the least blast sweeps away in a moment the sinner's prosperity. The tree poetically is made to cast off its own blossom, to mark that the sinner brings on his own ruin (Isaiah 3:11; Jeremiah 6:19). It thrives best in a sunny position. A rocky calcareous subsoil suits it; compare "oil out of the flinty rock" (Deuteronomy 32:13). The trunk is knotty and gnarled, the bark smooth and ash colored. Its growth is slow, but it lives very long. The leaves are grey green, not deciduous, suggestive of tenacious strength.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Olive
Olive trees, both wild and cultivated, were among the most common trees of Palestine (Deuteronomy 8:8; Judges 15:5; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Luke 22:39). They grew also in Mesopotamia and other places in the region (Genesis 8:11). The trees grew to about six metres in height, and although their timber was of no use in building construction, it could be used to make furniture and ornamental articles (1 Kings 6:23; 1 Kings 6:31). The Israelites used branches of olive trees to help make shelters for the Feast of Tabernacles (Nehemiah 8:15).
Mostly, however, people grew olive trees for their fruit, which could be crushed to produce oil (Exodus 27:20; Leviticus 2:4; 2 Kings 18:32; Micah 6:15; see OIL). Farmers harvested the olives by shaking or beating the tree so that the fruit fell to the ground. They then collected the fruit in baskets (Deuteronomy 24:20; Isaiah 17:6; Isaiah 24:13; Amos 8:2). To obtain higher quality fruit and larger harvests, they sometimes grafted branches from good quality trees on to wild trees. To graft branches from wild trees on to good trees was ‘contrary to nature’ (Romans 11:17-24).
In the symbols and pictures of the Bible, the olive tree had a variety of meanings. It was a symbol of peace (Genesis 8:10-12), fruitfulness (Psalms 128:3-4), freshness (Psalms 52:8), pleasantness (Jeremiah 11:16), beauty (Hosea 14:5-7), God’s Spirit (Zechariah 4:1-6), God’s family (Romans 11:17-24) and God’s witnesses (Zechariah 4:11-14; Revelation 11:3-4).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Olive
OLIVE ( zayith , cf. Arab [1] , zeit ‘oil,’ and zeitûn ‘olive tree’). This tree ( Olea europea ) is the first-named ‘king of the trees’ ( Judges 9:8-9 ), and is, in Palestine at any rate, by far the most important. The scantily covered terraced hillsides, the long rainless summer of blazing sunshine, and the heavy night moisture of late summer, afford climatic conditions which appear in a very special degree favourable to the olive. This has been so in all history: the children of Israel were to inherit ‘olive-yards’ which they planted not ( Joshua 24:13 , Deuteronomy 6:11 ), and the wide-spread remains of ruined terraces and olive-presses in every part of the land witness to the extent of olive culture that existed in the past. A large proportion of the fuel consumed to-day consists of the roots of ancient olive trees. In recent years this cultivation has been largely revived, and extensive groves of olives may be found in many parts, notably near Beit Jala on the Bethlehem road, and near Nâblus . The peculiar grey-green foliage with its silver sheen, and the wonderful twisted and often hollow trunks of the tree, are very characteristic of Palestine scenery. The OT writers admired the beauty of the olive (see Hosea 14:6 , Psalms 52:8 ; Psalms 128:3 , Jeremiah 11:16 ). In some parts, notably at Nâblus , a large proportion of the trees are invaded by parasitic mistletoe. The cultivation of the olive requires patience, and presupposes a certain degree of settlement and peace: perhaps for this reason it was the emblem of peace. Destruction of a harvest of cereals is a temporary loss, but when the vines and, still more, the olives are destroyed, the loss takes many years to make good ( Revelation 6:5-6 ).
The olive tree, grown from a slip taken from below the grafted branches of a selected fruitful olive, has to be grafted when three years old, but it does not bear fruit for some three or four years more, and not plentifully until it is about seventeen or eighteen years old; it may then, when well cared for, continue bearing for many years. The soil, however, must be carefully ploughed and manured every spring, and on the hillsides the water of the early rains must be conducted to the very roots by carefully arranged channels. When, after some years, the stem becomes too hollow from rotting of the wood, and the crop fails, it is sometimes cut sharp off at the root, and new shoots are allowed to spring up, which, after re-grafting, become a fruitful tree. It has been stated by Prof. Ramsay ( Expositor , Jan. and Feb. 1905) that it is a custom in Syria to graft a branch of wild olive into the stem of a cultivated tree (cf. Romans 11:17-24 ). How this can be of any benefit to the tree it is difficult to see. Nor can the present writer, after careful inquiries all over Palestine, find any knowledge of such a custom. Cf. art. Grafting.
The wild olive is a kind of reversion to the primitive plant such as occurs also with the fig and the almond and it takes place whenever the growth of the olive is neglected. Thus the little shoots which grow around the main trunk (perhaps the origin of Psalms 128:3 ) are of the wild variety, and also those growing from the self-sown drupe. According to the fellahîn of Galilee, the drupe germinates in the soil only after passing through the alimentary canal of the hooded crow.
In most neglected olive groves numerous little bushes of the ‘wild olive’ may be seen, which, though very unlike the cultivated tree having a shorter, smaller, and greener leaf and a stirrer, more prickly stem are nevertheless derived from it. As a rule the wild olive is but a shrub, but it may grow into a tree and have small but useless ‘berries.’ Where groves of wild olives are found in Palestine, they are probably always the descendants of cultivated trees long ago destroyed.
The young wild olive trees, scattered over the mountains in Galilee, are gathered by the fellahîn and sold for olive plantations. Such plants are grafted three years after transplantation, and always in the late spring or early summer.
The ‘ olive berries ’ ( James 3:12 AV [2] ) ripen in the autumn, and are harvested in November or December. They are beaten from the trees with a long pole ( Deuteronomy 24:20 ) and collected in baskets. Olives are eaten pickled in hrine, either when green and unripe or when soft and black. They are universally eaten by the fellahîn with bread sometimes the oil is eaten instead, much as butter is used in our home lands. The oil is also used extensively for making soup, for frying meat, and for illumination. See Oil.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Olive (Tree)
Judges 9:8 (b) In this parable probably this tree represents some delightful, refreshing person who might be called to be the leader of the people. You will note that other trees represent other kinds of people in this same parable.
Isaiah 17:6 (c) Perhaps this represents the fact that Damascus would not be completely destroyed, but that some families would remain and the city would continue to be a city. This certainly has been the case.
Hosea 14:6 (b) Here we see a picture of Israel restored to her place of prominence and power with the land healed, the rains falling on rich pastures, and the glory of all lands again seen in Palestine.
Zechariah 4:3 (a) Plainly the passage indicates that these two olive trees are types of the Holy Spirit of GOD and the Word of GOD. The Spirit has, in Himself, might on the one hand, and power on the other. He is able to move mountains out of the life of the believer. Might refers to inward ability. Power refers to outside influence. The Spirit needs neither one. He is able in Himself to give the victory to the believer, and He does it. Some think that these two trees represent Moses and Elijah, Moses the lawgiver, and Elijah the grace giver. Others think that these two trees represent two angelic beings, who stand guard over the believer to protect and preserve him, and make him a radiant conqueror.
Romans 11:17 (a) This represents GOD's plan, purpose and program which began with Israel and which continues all through the church. Israel was in that plan as a green tree, and after Pentecost the Gentiles were brought into that same plan.
All are saved by grace.
All are redeemed by the Blood.
All are dependent entirely upon the Lord JESUS for salvation and redemption.
The olive tree represents Israel from a religious aspect, while the fig tree represents Israel from the political aspect. The Lord did not curse an olive tree, for the religion of Israel had GOD's approval. He did curse the political Israel as a nation and scatter them over the world. It is the fig tree that buds, and is a type of the restoration of Israel from the political standpoint.
Revelation 11:4 (a) The two olive trees in this passage certainly represent the two witnesses. Just who they are we do not know. Most Bible students think they are Moses and Elijah who return to this earth in person with a message from GOD, and are persecuted. (See Zechariah 4:3-6).
Webster's Dictionary - Queen Olive
Properly, a kind of superior olive grown in the region of Seville, Spain. It is large size and oblong shape with a small but long pit; it is cured when green, keeps well, and has a delicate flavor. Loosely, any olive of similar character.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Olive, Olive Tree
This was the principal source of oil in the East, the trees being extensively cultivated on the sides of the hills, and formed into 'olive yards.' See OIL. In the temple, within the holy of holies, Solomon made two cherubim of olive wood; the doors into the oracle were also made of the same wood. 1 Kings 6:23-33 .
Israel in general is called a green olive tree, fair and of goodly fruit, Jeremiah 11:16 ; and a good olive tree, with root and fatness; in contrast to the Gentiles who are compared to a wild olive tree. The fact that the wild olive tree needs grafting gives point to the passage in Romans 11:17-24 . God's two Jewish witnesses in a future day are called the two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. They will then be the fruit and light bearers on the earth. Zechariah 4:3,11,14 ; Revelation 11:3,4 . The Hebrew is zayith , and the Arabic name is zeitun: it is the Olea Europaea .
Webster's Dictionary - Olive
(1):
(n.) Any shell of the genus Oliva and allied genera; - so called from the form. See Oliva.
(2):
(n.) A tree (Olea Europaea) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one-seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for thousands of years, and its branches are the emblems of peace. The wood is yellowish brown and beautifully variegated.
(3):
(n.) The fruit of the olive. It has been much improved by cultivation, and is used for making pickles. Olive oil is pressed from its flesh.
(4):
(n.) The oyster catcher.
(5):
(n.) The color of the olive, a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green.
(6):
(n.) One of the tertiary colors, composed of violet and green mixed in equal strength and proportion.
(7):
(n.) An olivary body. See under Olivary.
(8):
(n.) A small slice of meat seasoned, rolled up, and cooked; as, olives of beef or veal.
(9):
(a.) Approaching the color of the olive; of a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Olives, Olive Tree
1: ἐλαία (Strong's #1636 — Noun Feminine — elaia — el-ah'-yah ) denotes (a) "an olive tree," Romans 11:17,24 ; Revelation 11:4 (plural); the Mount of Olives was so called from the numerous olive trees there, and indicates the importance attached to such; the Mount is mentioned in the NT in connection only with the Lord's life on earth, Matthew 21:1 ; 24:3 ; 26:30 ; Mark 11:1 ; 13:3 ; 14:26 ; Luke 19:37 ; 22:39 ; John 8:1 ; (b) "an olive," James 3:12 , RV (AV, "olive berries").
2: ἐλαιών (Strong's #1638 — Noun Masculine — elaion — el-ah-yone' ) "an olive grove" or "olive garden," the ending -- on, as in this class of noun, here indicates "a place set with trees of the kind designated by the primitive" (Thayer); hence it is applied to the Mount of Olives, Luke 19:29 ; 21:37 ; Acts 1:12 ("Olivet"): in the first two of these and in Mark 11:1 , some mss. have the form of the noun as in No. 1.
3: καλλιέλαιος (Strong's #2565 — Noun Feminine — kallielaios — kal-le-el'-ah-yos ) "the garden olive" (from kallos, "beauty," and No. 1), occurs in Romans 11:24 , "a good olive tree."
4: ἀγριέλαιος (Strong's #65 — Adjective — agrielaios — ag-ree-el'-ah-yos ) an adjective (from agrios, "growing in the fields, wild," and No. 1), denoting "of the wild olive," is used as a noun in Romans 11:17,24 , "a wild olive tree" (RV, in the latter verse).
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Olive Tree
וית , ελαια , Matthew 21:1 ; Romans 11:17 ; Romans 11:24 ; James 3:12 ; αγριελαιος , oleaster, the wild olive, Romans 11:17 ; Romans 11:24 . Tournefort mentions eighteen kinds of olives; but in the Scripture we only read of the cultivated and wild olive. The cultivated olive is of a moderate height, and thrives best in a sunny and warm soil. Its trunk is knotty; its bark is smooth, and of an ash colour; its wood is solid, and yellowish; its leaves are oblong, and almost like those of the willow, of a dark green colour on the upper side, and a whitish below. In the month of June it puts forth white flowers, growing in bunches, each of one piece, and widening toward the top, and dividing into four parts. After this flower succeeds the fruit, which is oblong and plump. It is first green, then pale, and, when quite ripe, becomes black. Within it is enclosed a hard stone, filled with oblong seeds. The wild olives were of a less kind. Canaan much abounded with olives. It seems almost every proprietor, whether kings or subjects, had their olive yards. The olive branch was, from most ancient times, used as the symbol of reconciliation and peace.
King James Dictionary - Olive
OL'IVE, n. L. oliva, from olea, an olive tree Gr. See Oil
A plant or tree of the genus Olea. The common olive tree grows in warm climates and rises to the height of twenty or thirty feet, having an upright stem with numerous branches. This tree is much cultivated in the south of Europe for its fruit, from which is expressed the olive oil, and which is used also for pickles.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sunday, Olive
Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Before the Mass of the day the Palms are to be solemnly blessed. In connection with this blessing a procession is prescribed. The palms which have just been blessed are carried in the hands of the participants in the procession. It leaves the church proper, and should move entirely about the outer circumference of the church, where this is feasible. Before re-entering the church two chanters enter, and behind closed doors sing or chant the Gloria laus et honor, awaiting the answer from those still outside the door. The Cross-bearer strikes the door with the foot of the Cross, whereupon the door is opened and the procession enters. According to Almar this procession was already in vogue in the 9th century. There is no trace of it in Rome so early. However, in the Middle Ages it was quite common everywhere. In the 16th century the procession was often dramatic in its arrangements; it was almost a pageant in severai places in Germany, and many of the processions went from one church to another at some distance. The way was often strewn with cloths of rare texture in imitation of what was done on the first Palm Sunday. Other bits of pageantry were the figure of the Christ riding on an ass. The palms, when burned, supply the ashes for distribution on Ash Wednesday of the next year. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Olive
This is one of the earliest trees mentioned in Scripture, and has furnished, perhaps ever since he deluge the most universal emblem of peace, Genesis 8:11 . It is always classed among the most valuable trees of Palestine, which is described as a land of oil olive, and honey, Deuteronomy 6:11 8:8 Habakkuk 3:17 . No tree is more frequently mentioned in the Greek and Roman classics. By the Greeks it was dedicated to Minerva, and employed in crowning Jove, Apollo, and Hercules. The olive is never a very large or beautiful tree, and seldom exceeds thirty feet in height: its leaves are dark green on the upper surface, and of a silvery hue on the under, and generally grow in pairs. Its wood is hard, like that of box, and very close in the grain. It blossoms very profusely, and bears fruit every other year.
The flower is at first yellow, but as it expands, it becomes whiter, leaving a yellow center. The fruit resembles a plum in shape and in color, being first green, then pale, and when ripe, black. It is gathered by shaking the boughs and by beating them with poles, Deuteronomy 24:20 Isaiah 17:6 , and is sometimes plucked in an unripe state, put into some preserving liquid, and exported. It is principally valuable for the oil it produces, which is an important article of commerce in the east. A full-sized tree in full bearing vigor is said to produce a thousand pounds of oil, Judges 9:8,9 2 Chronicles 2:10 . The olive delights in a stony soil, and will thrive even on the sides and tops of rocky hills, where there is scarcely any earth; hence the expression "oil out of the flinty rock," etc., Deuteronomy 32:13 Job 29:6 . It is an evergreen tree, and very longlived, an emblem of a fresh and enduring piety, Psalm 52:8 . Around an old trunk young plants shoot up from the same root, to adorn the parent stock when living, and succeed it when dead; hence the allusion in describing the family of the just, Psalm 128:3 . It is slow of growth, and no less slow to decay. The ancient trees now in Gethsemane are believed by many to have sprung from the roots of those, which witnessed the agony of our Lord. The "wild olive-tree" is smaller than the cultivated, and inferior in all its parts and products. A graft upon it, from a good tree, bore good fruit; while a graft from a "wild" olive upon a good tree, remains "wild" as before.
Yet, "contrary to nature," the sinner engrafted on Christ partakes of His nature and bears good fruit, Romans 11:13-26 .
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Olive Tree
The church is compared to an olive tree upon many occasions, (Jeremiah 11:16; Psalms 52:8) —and the young converts in Zion to olive branches. (Psalms 128:3) And Paul in a beautiful figure, represents the state of conversion from nature to grace by the change from the olive tree which is wild, by nature, to that of a true olive tree, which is planted by grace. (Romans 11:17-36)
I must not dismiss this subject without first remarking the allusions made by men in general to the olive branch, as an emblem of peace. It is more than probable that this took its rise from the circumstance of Noah's dove in the ark, when from being sent forth to discover whether the waters of the flood had subsided at length returned with the olive-branch in her mouth. The raven he dismissed found means of subsistence in going to and fro, probably from the carcases of those drowned; but the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot until returning to the ark. It is so with God's people; hence they are said to come as "doves to their windows." And it is remarkable, that when the Psalmist saith, (Psalms 116:7) "Return unto thy rest, O my soul!" the original is, Return unto thy Noah, thy Christ; for he is the rest wherewith the Lord causeth the weary to rest. The olive branch in the mouth of the dove is a token of peace. God will no more destroy the earth by a flood. The ark is a type of Jesus, through whom and in whom God is at peace, in the blood of his cross. (See Isaiah 28:12)
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Olive
(ἐλαία, ἀγριέλαιος, καλλιέλαιος)
The only passages in which the olive is referred to in the NT are Romans 11:17; Romans 11:24, James 3:12, Revelation 11:4. (For Romans 11:17; Romans 11:24 see article Grafting.) For the proverb in James 3:12 -‘Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive berries?’-cf. Seneca, Ep. 87, ‘non nascitur ex malo bonum non magis quam ficus ex olea’; see also Epict. Diss. ii. 20 and Plut. Mor. p. 472. A like simile is found in Matthew 7:16; Matthew 12:33. The reference to the two olive-trees in Revelation 11:4 is after Zechariah 4:2 f. In the latter passage the λυχνία is Israel, and the two olive-trees which feed it are probably the monarchy and the priesthood as represented by Zerubbabel and Joshua. The writer of Revelation 11:4 has adapted the imagery of Zechariah 4:2 f. In Revelation 1:12; Revelation 1:20 he has likened the seven churches to seven golden λυχνίαι. These λυχνίαι are kept burning by the oil of the Spirit with which the true members of the Church are imbued (cf. Matthew 25:4, Romans 11:17). These stand before the God of the earth (Revelation 11:4). In James 5:14 reference is made to the early Christian custom of anointing the sick with oil (ἔλαιον).
Of recent years olive-trees have been largely destroyed, chiefly with a view to avoiding taxation, but also in part for the supply of fire-wood. The extent to which the olive was cultivated in Palestine in ancient times may be gauged by the large number of olive-presses that are to be seen all over the country. Many of these presses were cut in the rock before houses were built upon it. They are often found in immediate association with Troglodyte caves, while a press was actually found inside one cave. In the earliest times the presses were of a simple character and generally consisted of a single circular or rectangular vat with one or two cup-holes in the floor. These appear both on the hill-sides and also on the rock-surface. The olive-presses of a later time show greater elaboration, and in Roman times or after, the receiving-vats were sometimes lined with Mosaic tesserae. The fruit was apparently crushed on the surface of the press with stones, rollers, or pestles, the juice being subsequently expressed by boards placed over the fruit and weighed down with weights. The juice thus extracted was collected in a receiving-vat of greater depth than the press itself. The receiving-vat was sometimes sunk in the press, while sometimes it lay outside, and communicated with it by a channel. The pressing-surface is nearly always square or rectangular, and never more than from 1 to 1½ ft. deep; the receiving-vat is generally square but occasionally circular. There were often several receiving-vats to a single press. In the larger presses, the fruit was not crushed by the aid of movable hand-stones, but by a large, massive stone wheel rotated round a central staple by an ox or horse. One of these wheels that has been recovered has a diameter of 4 ft. 8 in. The rock in the press-surface was usually left bare, but the receiving-vat was often cemented.
But olive-presses of an entirely different character were also in use in all the Semitic periods. They consisted of movable slabs or boulders of stone. They are generally circular in shape and have a diameter of from 4 ft. 9 in. to 6 ft. 6 in. The rim within which the fruit was crushed is raised, the juice being collected in a cup hollowed out within the rim. Apart from the natural use of the olive as a fruit, it supplies the place of butter and is used for cooking. The oil is used for lamps as well as for anointing the body, while the soap of the country is made exclusively from it. The wood is used for cabinet-work. See also article Grafting.
Literature.-J. B. Mayor, The Epistle of St. James3, 1913, pp. 125, 170 ff.; Sanday-Headlam, International Critical Commentary , ‘Romans,’51902, p. 326 ff.; H. B. Swete, The Apocalypse of St. John2, 1907, p. 135; W. M. Thomson, The Land and the Book, 3 vols., ed. 1881-86, passim; ed. 1910, pp. 31-36; J. C. Geikie, The Holy Land and the Bible, 1903, pp. 50-52, 74; H. B. Tristram, The Natural History of the Bible10, 1911, pp. 373, 377; Hastings’ Single-vol. Dictionary of the Bible , p. 667; Encyclopaedia Biblica iii. 3495-3496; Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) iii. 616; and especially R. A. S. Macalister, The Excavation of Gezer, 1912, ii. 48-67.
P. S. P. Handcock.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Oil (Olive)
As the Greek name implies, the common oil of Scripture is olive oil. It is obtained from the ripe olive berries by crushing and pressure, aided sometimes by the use of hot water, and is used for food, light, soap-making, and for anointing the hair and the skin. In Revelation 6:6 ‘the oil and the wine’ refer to the growing crops of olives and grapes. In Revelation 18:13 oil appears in the list of the merchandise of the apocalyptic Babylon.
The remaining references to oil in the apostolic writings illustrate two special purposes for which it was employed.
1. Ceremonial.-The olive oil used in the consecration of priests and kings by anointing was compounded with various perfumed ingredients (Exodus 30:23-25). In this use of oil we have the basis of a number of figurative passages.
(a) In Hebrews 1:9 (= Psalms 45:7) ‘the oil of gladness’ suggests the honour that has been bestowed on the Exalted Christ. Elsewhere there is more distinct reference to His royal position as the Messiah or Anointed One, and to the Holy Spirit as the means of His consecration to this office (Acts 10:38; cf. Acts 4:27).
(b) The Holy Spirit given to Christians is represented as an anointing oil. The context shows that this is the meaning of 2 Corinthians 1:21. The same is true of the ‘anointing’ of 1 John 2:20 (Authorized Version ‘unction’).27.
2. Medicinal.-With this must be connected in some sense the much-discussed passage (James 5:14) where the elders of the Church are directed to pray over the sick brother, ‘anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.’ The general use of oil in ancient times as a remedy for disease and injury is illustrated in Isaiah 1:6, Luke 10:34. The treatment applied to Herod the Great during his last illness (Jos. Ant. XVII. vi. 5, Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) I. xxxiii. 5) is a well-known case in point. That the practice was associated from early times with a belief in magic is shown by S. Daiches (Babylonian Oil Magic in the Talmud and in the later Jewish Literature, 1913). The exact bearing of such facts on James 5:14 must remain obscure, but it is interesting to observe that the procedure here enjoined was anticipated by the Twelve (Mark 6:13), though without any express injunction from Jesus. One thing is clear, viz. that in James the healing of the sick is ascribed directly to ‘the prayer of faith’ (v. 15) and not to the anointing. The latter must be regarded as quite subsidiary, originating probably in compliance with custom, yet dissociated from superstition, since it is done ‘in the name of the Lord,’ and serving perhaps as a kind of sacramental help to faith. ‘It is easier to believe when visible means are used than when nothing is visible, and it is still easier to believe when the visible means appear to be likely to contribute to the desired effect’ (Plummer, St. James and St. Jude, p. 327).
There are few traces of observance of such a rite in the early Church, though the Emperor Septimius Severus believed himself to have been cured by oil administered by a Christian (Tertullian, ad Scap. 4). But from the 6th cent. onwards the practice was regularly established, and had different developments in the East and in the West. In the latter it was finally transformed into the sacrament of Extreme Unction, of which it need only be said that it is administered when recovery is supposed to be hopeless, whereas in James the anointing is expected to be followed by a cure. After the Reformation we find that the First Prayer Book of Edward VI. (1549) provides for the NT ceremony, ‘if the sicke person desyre to be annoynted.’ In the Prayer Book of 1552 this provision disappears. There has been a revival of the practice in certain Anglican circles in recent times (see F. W. Puller, The Anointing of the Sick in Scripture and Tradition, 1904).
Literature.-On the medicinal use see the Commentaries on James of A. Plummer (Expositor’s Bible, 1891), R. J. Knowling (Westminster Comm., 1904), and J. B. Mayor (31910).
James Patrick.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Olive
The olive was among the most abundant and characteristic vegetation of Judea. The olive tree grows freely almost everywhere on the shores of the Mediterranean, but it was peculiarly abundant in Palestine. See (Deuteronomy 6:11 ; 8:8 ; 28:40 ) Oliveyards are a matter of course in descriptions of the country like vines and cornfields. (Judges 15:5 ; 1 Samuel 8:14 ) The kings had very extensive ones. (1 Chronicles 27:28 ) Even now the is very abundant in the country. Almost every village has its olive grove. Certain districts may be specified where at various times this tree been very luxuriant. The cultivation of the olive tree had the closest connection with the domestic life of the Israelites (2 Chronicles 2:10 ) their trade, (Ezekiel 27:17 ; Hosea 12:1 ) and even their Public ceremonies and religious worship. In Solomon's temple the cherubim were "of olive tree," (1 Kings 6:23 ) as also the doors, vs. (1 Kings 6:31,32 ) and posts. ver. (1 Kings 6:33 ) For the various uses of olive oil see OIL . The wind was dreaded by the cultivator of the olive for the least ruffling of a breeze is apt to cause the flowers to fall. (Job 15:33 ) It is needless to add that the locust was a formidable enemy of the olive. It happened not unfrequently that hopes were disappointed, and that "the labor of the olive failed." (Habakkuk 3:17 ) As to the growth of the tree, it thrives best in warm and sunny situations. It is of moderate height, with knotty gnarled trunk and a smooth ash-colored bark. It grows slowly, but lives to an immense age. Its look is singularly indicative of tenacious vigor, and this is the force of what is said in Scripture of its "greenness, as emblematic of strength and prosperity. The leaves, too, are not deciduous. Those who see olives for the first time are occasionally disappointed by the dusty color of their foilage; but those who are familiar with them find an inexpressible charm in the rippling changes of their slender gray-green leaves. (See Ruskin's "Stones of Venice," iii. 175-177.) The olive furnishes the basis of one of Paul's allegories. (Romans 11:16-25 ) The Gentiles are the "wild olive" grafted in upon the "good olive," to which once the Jews belonged, and with which they may again be incorporated, (The olive grows from 20 to 40 feet high. In general appearance it resembles the apple tree; in leaves and sterns, the willow. The flowers are white and appear in June, The fruit is like a plum in shape and size, and at first is green, but gradually becomes purple, and even black, with a hard stony kernel, and is remarkable from the outer fleshy part being that in which much oil is lodged, and not, as is usual, in the almond of the seed. The fruit ripens from August to September. It is sometimes eaten green, but its chief value is in its oil. The wood is hard, fine beautifully veined, and is open used for cabinet work. Olive trees were so abundant in Galilee that at the siege of Jotapata by Vespasian the Roman army were driven from the ascent of the walls by hot olive oil poured upon them and scalding them underneath their armor. --Josephus, Wars, 3; 7:28. --ED.)

Sentence search

Olivaceous - ) Resembling the Olive; of the color of the Olive; Olive-green
Wild Olive - WILD Olive . See Grafting, Olive
Olivenite - ) An Olive-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of copper; Olive ore
Oil-Tree - 'etz shemen, rendered "olive tree" in 1 Kings 6:23,31,32,33 (RSV, "olive wood") and "pine branches" in Nehemiah 8:15 (RSV, "branches of wild Olive"), was some tree distinct from the Olive. "It has a fine hard wood," says Tristram, "and yields an inferior oil, but it has no relationship to the Olive, which, however, it resembles in general appearance
Olives, Olive Tree - 1: ἐλαία (Strong's #1636 — Noun Feminine — elaia — el-ah'-yah ) denotes (a) "an Olive tree," Romans 11:17,24 ; Revelation 11:4 (plural); the Mount of Olives was so called from the numerous Olive trees there, and indicates the importance attached to such; the Mount is mentioned in the NT in connection only with the Lord's life on earth, Matthew 21:1 ; 24:3 ; 26:30 ; Mark 11:1 ; 13:3 ; 14:26 ; Luke 19:37 ; 22:39 ; John 8:1 ; (b) "an Olive," James 3:12 , RV (AV, "olive berries"). ...
2: ἐλαιών (Strong's #1638 — Noun Masculine — elaion — el-ah-yone' ) "an Olive grove" or "olive garden," the ending -- on, as in this class of noun, here indicates "a place set with trees of the kind designated by the primitive" (Thayer); hence it is applied to the Mount of Olives, Luke 19:29 ; 21:37 ; Acts 1:12 ("Olivet"): in the first two of these and in Mark 11:1 , some mss. ...
3: καλλιέλαιος (Strong's #2565 — Noun Feminine — kallielaios — kal-le-el'-ah-yos ) "the garden Olive" (from kallos, "beauty," and No. 1), occurs in Romans 11:24 , "a good Olive tree. 1), denoting "of the wild Olive," is used as a noun in Romans 11:17,24 , "a wild Olive tree" (RV, in the latter verse)
Oil Tree - Other translation include Olive (NAS, NIV, NRSV, TEV), oleaster (NAS margin), and wild Olive (REB). The same Hebrew phrase is rendered “olivewood” at 1Kings 6:23,1 Kings 6:31-33 and “wild Olive” at Nehemiah 8:15 . The latter text distinguishes the “oil tree” from the Olive
Zethan - (zee' than) Personal name meaning, “olive tree” or “olive merchant
Oliver - ) An Olive tree. ) An Olive grove
Kezayit - "like an Olive"); a halachic measure formally described as the size of an Olive, and approximately one ounce or 25
Olive, Olive Tree - This was the principal source of oil in the East, the trees being extensively cultivated on the sides of the hills, and formed into 'olive yards. In the temple, within the holy of holies, Solomon made two cherubim of Olive wood; the doors into the oracle were also made of the same wood. ...
Israel in general is called a green Olive tree, fair and of goodly fruit, Jeremiah 11:16 ; and a good Olive tree, with root and fatness; in contrast to the Gentiles who are compared to a wild Olive tree. The fact that the wild Olive tree needs grafting gives point to the passage in Romans 11:17-24 . God's two Jewish witnesses in a future day are called the two Olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth
Zapatera - ) A cured Olive which has spoiled or is on the verge of decomposition; loosely, an Olive defective because of bruises, wormholes, or the like
Olive-Tree - The dove from the ark brought an Olive-branch to Noah (Genesis 8:11 ). The oldest Olive-trees in the country are those which are enclosed in the Garden of Gethsemane. The two "witnesses" mentioned in Revelation 11:4 are spoken of as "two Olive trees standing before the God of the earth. ) The "olive-tree, wild by nature" (Romans 11:24 ), is the shoot or cutting of the good Olive-tree which, left ungrafted, grows up to be a "wild Olive. " In Romans 11:17 Paul refers to the practice of grafting shoots of the wild Olive into a "good" Olive which has become unfruitful. By such a process the sap of the good Olive, by pervading the branch which is "graffed in," makes it a good branch, bearing good Olives. Thus the Gentiles, being a "wild Olive," but now "graffed in," yield fruit, but only through the sap of the tree into which they have been graffed
Olive - The fruit of the Olive-tree. The best oil was from Olives that were plucked before being fully ripe, and then beaten or squeezed (Deuteronomy 24:20 ; Isaiah 17:6 ; 24:13 ). (James 3:12 ) calls the fruit "olive berries. " The phrase "vineyards and Olives" (Judges 15:5 , A. ) should be simply "olive-yard," or "olive-garden," as in the Revised Version
Oil Tree - ]'>[2] ‘olive tree,’ mg. ]'>[3] ‘olive wood’; Nehemiah 8:15 AV [3] ‘branches of wild Olive’; Isaiah 41:19 AV Olive - oliva, from olea, an Olive tree Gr. The common Olive tree grows in warm climates and rises to the height of twenty or thirty feet, having an upright stem with numerous branches. This tree is much cultivated in the south of Europe for its fruit, from which is expressed the Olive oil, and which is used also for pickles
Zatthu - Olive tree
Grafting - In Olive-culture grafting is universal. Paul compares the coming in of the Gentiles to the grafting of a wild Olive branch upon a good Olive tree: a process ‘contrary to nature. 238) says that Columelia’s statement that Olive trees are rejuvenated and strengthened in this way (see Comm. 328): ‘Grafts must necessarily be branches from a cultivated Olive inserted into a wild stock, the reverse process being one which would be valueless, and is never performed. ’ ‘The ungrafted tree,’ they say, ‘is the natural or wild Olive,’ following Tristram, Nat. Theobald Fischer inclines to view the Olive and the wild Olive as distinct species; in this agreeing with some modern botanists ( Der Ölbaum , 4 f. This is the type to which the cultivated Olive tends to revert through centuries of neglect, as seen, e. ) When grafted with a shoot of the nobler tree it gives rise to the true Olive. ...
No one could mistake the oleaster for the Olive; but the case is not clear enough to justify Ramsay in calling the oleaster the wild Olive ( Expositor, ut supra , 152). 154), is really a witness on the other side, quite plainly holding that the wild Olive is the ungrafted tree ( LB Oil Tree - (Isaiah 41:19 ), but the Hebrew (ets shemen ) occurs also in 1 Kings 6:23 , where it is translated 'olive tree;' and in Nehemiah 8:15 , where it is rendered 'pine branches:' 'olive branches' being mentioned in the same verse would seem to indicate that the 'tree of oil' is distinct from the Olive tree
Olive - The Olive was among the most abundant and characteristic vegetation of Judea. The Olive tree grows freely almost everywhere on the shores of the Mediterranean, but it was peculiarly abundant in Palestine. See (Deuteronomy 6:11 ; 8:8 ; 28:40 ) Oliveyards are a matter of course in descriptions of the country like vines and cornfields. Almost every village has its Olive grove. The cultivation of the Olive tree had the closest connection with the domestic life of the Israelites (2 Chronicles 2:10 ) their trade, (Ezekiel 27:17 ; Hosea 12:1 ) and even their Public ceremonies and religious worship. In Solomon's temple the cherubim were "of Olive tree," (1 Kings 6:23 ) as also the doors, vs. (1 Kings 6:33 ) For the various uses of Olive oil see OIL . The wind was dreaded by the cultivator of the Olive for the least ruffling of a breeze is apt to cause the flowers to fall. (Job 15:33 ) It is needless to add that the locust was a formidable enemy of the Olive. It happened not unfrequently that hopes were disappointed, and that "the labor of the Olive failed. Those who see Olives for the first time are occasionally disappointed by the dusty color of their foilage; but those who are familiar with them find an inexpressible charm in the rippling changes of their slender gray-green leaves. ) The Olive furnishes the basis of one of Paul's allegories. (Romans 11:16-25 ) The Gentiles are the "wild Olive" grafted in upon the "good Olive," to which once the Jews belonged, and with which they may again be incorporated, (The Olive grows from 20 to 40 feet high. Olive trees were so abundant in Galilee that at the siege of Jotapata by Vespasian the Roman army were driven from the ascent of the walls by hot Olive oil poured upon them and scalding them underneath their armor
Olivary - ) Like an Olive
Olive Olive-Tree - Olive, Olive-Tree. The Olive, olea Europæa. Olive yards are therefore commonly mentioned as a considerable part of a man's property. The Olive tree lives to a great age. With an Olive leaf in her mouth the dove returned to Noah when the waters of the flood were abated. The high estimation in which the Olive tree was held is seen by its being placed first in Jotham's parable. , Psalms 52:8, an Olive being often planted in the court of a building, Psalms 128:3, young shoots springing, from an old trunk; Jeremiah 11:16; Hosea 14:6
Queen Olive - Properly, a kind of superior Olive grown in the region of Seville, Spain. Loosely, any Olive of similar character
Graff, to - It speaks of Gentiles, the wild Olive branches, being grafted into the good Olive tree; and this is said to be 'contrary to nature. ' Gentiles have now been grafted into the tree of witness on earth, and of promise; but by-and-by the natural branches, Israel, will again be grafted into 'their own Olive tree
Oil Tree - The Hebrew words occur in ( Nehemiah 8:15 ) (Authorized Version "pine branches"), (1 Kings 6:23 ) ("olive tree") and in (Isaiah 41:19 ) ("oil tree"). From the passage in Nehemiah, where the ets shemen is mentioned as distinct from the Olive tree, if may perhaps be identified with the zackum tree of the Arabs, the Balanites aegyptiaca , a well-known and abundant shrub or small tree in the plain of Jordan. [1]
Olive - Olive ( zayith , cf. ]'>[1] , zeit ‘oil,’ and zeitûn ‘olive tree’). The scantily covered terraced hillsides, the long rainless summer of blazing sunshine, and the heavy night moisture of late summer, afford climatic conditions which appear in a very special degree favourable to the Olive. This has been so in all history: the children of Israel were to inherit ‘olive-yards’ which they planted not ( Joshua 24:13 , Deuteronomy 6:11 ), and the wide-spread remains of ruined terraces and Olive-presses in every part of the land witness to the extent of Olive culture that existed in the past. A large proportion of the fuel consumed to-day consists of the roots of ancient Olive trees. In recent years this cultivation has been largely revived, and extensive groves of Olives may be found in many parts, notably near Beit Jala on the Bethlehem road, and near Nâblus . The OT writers admired the beauty of the Olive (see Hosea 14:6 , Psalms 52:8 ; Psalms 128:3 , Jeremiah 11:16 ). The cultivation of the Olive requires patience, and presupposes a certain degree of settlement and peace: perhaps for this reason it was the emblem of peace. Destruction of a harvest of cereals is a temporary loss, but when the vines and, still more, the Olives are destroyed, the loss takes many years to make good ( Revelation 6:5-6 ). ...
The Olive tree, grown from a slip taken from below the grafted branches of a selected fruitful Olive, has to be grafted when three years old, but it does not bear fruit for some three or four years more, and not plentifully until it is about seventeen or eighteen years old; it may then, when well cared for, continue bearing for many years. 1905) that it is a custom in Syria to graft a branch of wild Olive into the stem of a cultivated tree (cf. ...
The wild Olive is a kind of reversion to the primitive plant such as occurs also with the fig and the almond and it takes place whenever the growth of the Olive is neglected. ...
In most neglected Olive groves numerous little bushes of the ‘wild Olive’ may be seen, which, though very unlike the cultivated tree having a shorter, smaller, and greener leaf and a stirrer, more prickly stem are nevertheless derived from it. As a rule the wild Olive is but a shrub, but it may grow into a tree and have small but useless ‘berries. ’ Where groves of wild Olives are found in Palestine, they are probably always the descendants of cultivated trees long ago destroyed. ...
The young wild Olive trees, scattered over the mountains in Galilee, are gathered by the fellahîn and sold for Olive plantations. ...
The ‘ Olive berries ’ ( James 3:12 AV Olived - ) Decorated or furnished with Olive trees
Beaten Oil - See Olive
Byssolite - ) An Olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende
Olea - ) A genus of trees including the Olive
Olivaster - ) Of the color of the Olive; tawny
Forsythia - ) A shrub of the Olive family, with yellow blossoms
Olive Tree - The church is compared to an Olive tree upon many occasions, (Jeremiah 11:16; Psalms 52:8) —and the young converts in Zion to Olive branches. (Psalms 128:3) And Paul in a beautiful figure, represents the state of conversion from nature to grace by the change from the Olive tree which is wild, by nature, to that of a true Olive tree, which is planted by grace. (Romans 11:17-36)...
I must not dismiss this subject without first remarking the allusions made by men in general to the Olive branch, as an emblem of peace. It is more than probable that this took its rise from the circumstance of Noah's dove in the ark, when from being sent forth to discover whether the waters of the flood had subsided at length returned with the Olive-branch in her mouth. The Olive branch in the mouth of the dove is a token of peace
Allipoli Oil - An inferior kind of Olive oil, brought from Gallipoli, in Italy
Terre-Verte - ) An Olive-green earth used as a pigment
Devilwood - ) A kind of tree (Osmanthus Americanus), allied to the European Olive
Olive Tree - וית , ελαια , Matthew 21:1 ; Romans 11:17 ; Romans 11:24 ; James 3:12 ; αγριελαιος , oleaster, the wild Olive, Romans 11:17 ; Romans 11:24 . Tournefort mentions eighteen kinds of Olives; but in the Scripture we only read of the cultivated and wild Olive. The cultivated Olive is of a moderate height, and thrives best in a sunny and warm soil. The wild Olives were of a less kind. Canaan much abounded with Olives. It seems almost every proprietor, whether kings or subjects, had their Olive yards. The Olive branch was, from most ancient times, used as the symbol of reconciliation and peace
Pimola - ) An Olive stuffed with a kind of sweet red pepper, or pimiento
ze'Tham - (olive ), the son of Laadan, a Gershonite Levite
ze'Than - (olive ), a Benjamite of the sons of Bilhan
Jeffersonite - ) A variety of pyroxene of Olive-green color passing into brown
Olive - ) The fruit of the Olive. Olive oil is pressed from its flesh. ) The color of the Olive, a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green. ) A small slice of meat seasoned, rolled up, and cooked; as, Olives of beef or veal. ) Approaching the color of the Olive; of a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green
Basilicon - ) An ointment composed of wax, pitch, resin, and Olive oil, lard, or other fatty substance
Phaeospore - ) A brownish zoospore, characteristic of an order (Phaeosporeae) of dark green or Olive-colored algae
Cubebic - ) Pertaining to, or derived from, cubebs; as, cubebic acid (a soft Olive-green resin extracted from cubebs)
Marmottes Oil - It is used instead of Olive or almond oil
Libethenite - ) A mineral of an Olive-green color, commonly in orthorhombic crystals
Shanny - It is Olive-green with irregular black spots, and without appendages on the head
Olivil - ) A white crystalline substance, obtained from an exudation from the Olive, and having a bitter-sweet taste and acid proporties
Zetham - (zee' tham) Personal name meaning, “olive tree
Phillyrea - ) A genus of evergreen plants growing along the shores of the Mediterranean, and breading a fruit resembling that of the Olive
Xanthomelanous - ) Of or pertaining to the lighter division of the Melanochroi, or those races having an Olive or yellow complexion and black hair
Kra - It is reddish Olive, spotted with black, and has a black tail
Grafting - Jeremiah 11:16) in likening Israel to an Olive tree (cf. article Olive). Its roots are the Patriarchs, the original branches are the Jews, and the branches of the wild Olive which have been grafted in are the Gentile Christians. Some of the original branches have been broken off owing to their lack of faith, and by a wholly unnatural process shoots from a wild Olive have been grafted into the cultivated stock. But this is no ground for self-adulation: all the blessings which the Gentiles derive come from the original stock into which they have been grafted through no merit of their own; let them beware, therefore, lest through pride and want of faith they also are cut off, for it would, on the one hand, be a much less violent proceeding to cut off the wild branches; which have been grafted in, than it was to cut off the original branches: while, on the other hand, it would be far easier and far more natural to graft the original cultivated branches back into the stock on which they grew than it was to graft the Gentiles, who are merely a slip cut from a wild Olive, in amongst the branches of the cultivated Olive. The Olive, like most fruit trees, requires a graft from a cultivated tree if the fruit is to be of any value
Distillable - ) Capable of being distilled; especially, capable of being distilled without chemical change or decomposition; as, alcohol is distillable; Olive oil is not distillable
Mona - The body is dark Olive, with a spot of white on the haunches
Oil - Fresh and sweet Olive oil was greatly preferred to butter and animal fat as a seasoning for food, and to this day in Syria almost every kind of food is cooked with oil. For lamps, also, pure Olive oil was regarded as the best, and was used in illuminating the tabernacle. These many uses for oil made the culture of the Olive-tree an extensive and lucrative business, 1 Chronicles 27:28 Ezekiel 27:17 Hosea 12:1 . The Olive-berries are not now trodden with the feet. See Olive
Castile Soap - A kind of fine, hard, white or mottled soap, made with Olive oil and soda; also, a soap made in imitation of the above-described soap
Beaten Oil - (Exodus 27:20 ; 29:40 ), obtained by pounding Olives in a mortar, not by crushing them in a mill. (See Olive
Thuringite - ) A mineral occurring as an aggregation of minute scales having an Olive-green color and pearly luster
Gethsem'a-ne - (an oil-press ), a small "farm," ( Matthew 26:36 ; Mark 14:32 ) situated across the brook Kedron (John 18:1 ) probably at the foot of Mount Olivet, (Luke 22:39 ) to the northwest and about one-half or three quarters of a mile English from the walls of Jerusalem, and 100 yards east of the bridge over the Kedron. There was a "garden," or rather orchard, attached to it, to which the Olive, fig and pomegranate doubtless invited resort by their hospitable shade. A garden, with eight venerable Olive trees, and a grotto to the north detached from it, and in closer connection with the church of the sepulchre of the Virgin, are pointed out as the Gethsemane. Against the contemporary antiquity of the Olive trees it has been urged that Titus cut down all the trees about Jerusalem. The probability would seem to be that they were planted by Christian hands to mark the spot unless, like the sacred Olive of the Acropolis, they may have reproduced themselves
Baalhanan - Superintendent of David's Olive and sycamore trees
Lamp, Altar - Though it may be of any metal and form, it should be lighted by oil only, pure Olive oil being recommended
Altar Lamp - Though it may be of any metal and form, it should be lighted by oil only, pure Olive oil being recommended
Pine - The shemen , in Nehemiah 8:15 is rather the Olive or oil tree, as in Isaiah 41:19
Ogeechee Lime - (1):...
The acid, Olive-shaped, drupaceous fruit of a species of tupelo (Nyssa capitata) which grows in swamps in Georgia and Florida
Manzanilla - ) A kind of small roundish Olive with a small freestone pit, a fine skin, and a peculiar bitterish flavor
Olivewood - ) The wood of the Olive
Balm - An aromatic resin from the terebinth tree and other plants; it is mixed with the Olive oil which is blessed as the Holy Chrism
Balsam - An aromatic resin from the terebinth tree and other plants; it is mixed with the Olive oil which is blessed as the Holy Chrism
Amadavat - The female is Olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; - called also red waxbill
Chrism - ) Olive oil mixed with balm and spices, consecrated by the bishop on Maundy Thursday, and used in the administration of baptism, confirmation, ordination, etc
Pine Tree - ...
Shemen , ( Nehemiah 8:16 ) is probably the wild Olive
Nature - Paul says, to ingraft a good Olive tree into a wild Olive is contrary to nature, Romans 11:24 ; the customary order of nature is thereby in some measure inverted
Vireo - In many of the species the back is greenish, or Olive-colored
Madia - This oil is sometimes used instead of Olive oil for the table
Goodly Trees - This was probably the Olive tree (Nehemiah 8:15 ), although no special tree is mentioned
Caperberry - ) The small Olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment
Oleaceous - ) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Oleaceae), mostly trees and shrubs, of which the Olive is the type
Macassar Oil - Also, an imitation of the same, of perfumed castor oil and Olive oil
Baal-Hanan - ...
...
An overseer of "the Olive trees and sycomore trees in the low plains" (the Shephelah) under David (1 Chronicles 27:28 )
Graft - It is peculiarly appropriate to Olive-trees
Sanctuary Lamp - The sanctuary lamp should be fed with Olive oil or bees wax; but where Olive oil cannot be obtained, the ordinary may permit the use of other, if possible vegetable, oils
Olive - Olive trees, both wild and cultivated, were among the most common trees of Palestine (Deuteronomy 8:8; Judges 15:5; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Luke 22:39). The Israelites used branches of Olive trees to help make shelters for the Feast of Tabernacles (Nehemiah 8:15). ...
Mostly, however, people grew Olive trees for their fruit, which could be crushed to produce oil (Exodus 27:20; Leviticus 2:4; 2 Kings 18:32; Micah 6:15; see OIL). Farmers harvested the Olives by shaking or beating the tree so that the fruit fell to the ground. ...
In the symbols and pictures of the Bible, the Olive tree had a variety of meanings
Mayonnaise - ) A sauce compounded of raw yolks of eggs beaten up with Olive oil to the consistency of a sirup, and seasoned with vinegar, pepper, salt, etc
Petalism - It was similar to the ostracism in Athens; but Olive leaves were used instead of shells for ballots
Reenfinch - ) The Texas sparrow (Embernagra rufivirgata), in which the general color is Olive green, with four rufous stripes on the head
Oleaster - ) The wild Olive tree (Olea Europea, var
Oil - Of the numerous substances, animal and vegetable, which were known to the ancients as yielding oil, the Olive berry is the one of which most frequent mention is made in the Scriptures.
Gathering , --The Olive berry was either gathered by hand or shaken off carefully with a light reed or stick. The oil for "the light" was expressly ordered to be Olive oil, beaten. (12:17) [1]
Chrism - (Greek: chrisma, an anointing) A mixture of Olive-oil and balsam, blessed by a bishop on Holy Thursday and used in administering Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, and in the consecration of churches, altars, chalices, patens, and in the blessing of bells, and baptismal water
Tophel - It is surrounded by apple, apricot, fig, pomegranate, and Olive trees
Caduceus - It was originally said to be a herald's staff of Olive wood, but was afterwards fabled to have two serpents coiled about it, and two wings at the top
Baal-Hanan - Official under David in charge of Olive and sycamore trees growing in Judean plain or Shephalah (1 Chronicles 27:28 )
Demulcent - Gum Arabic, glycerin, Olive oil, etc
Post - The posts of the doors of the temple were of Olive wood
Gentiles, the Fulness of the - This is spoken of in connection with the Olive-tree as God's tree of promise and privilege on the earth. Israel was that tree, Jeremiah 11:16 ; but because of unbelief some (perhaps the most) of the branches were broken off, and some Gentiles were, contrary to nature, grafted into the good Olive-tree
Olive - (ἐλαία, ἀγριέλαιος, καλλιέλαιος)...
The only passages in which the Olive is referred to in the NT are Romans 11:17; Romans 11:24, James 3:12, Revelation 11:4. ) For the proverb in James 3:12 -‘Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear Olive berries?’-cf. The reference to the two Olive-trees in Revelation 11:4 is after Zechariah 4:2 f. In the latter passage the λυχνία is Israel, and the two Olive-trees which feed it are probably the monarchy and the priesthood as represented by Zerubbabel and Joshua. ...
Of recent years Olive-trees have been largely destroyed, chiefly with a view to avoiding taxation, but also in part for the supply of fire-wood. The extent to which the Olive was cultivated in Palestine in ancient times may be gauged by the large number of Olive-presses that are to be seen all over the country. The Olive-presses of a later time show greater elaboration, and in Roman times or after, the receiving-vats were sometimes lined with Mosaic tesserae. ...
But Olive-presses of an entirely different character were also in use in all the Semitic periods. Apart from the natural use of the Olive as a fruit, it supplies the place of butter and is used for cooking
Service Uniform - In the United States army it is of Olive-drab woolen or khaki-colored cotton, with all metal attachments of dull-finish bronze, with the exceptional of insignia of rank, which are of gold or silver finish
Tuatara - It reaches a length of two and a half feet, is dark Olive-green with small white or yellowish specks on the sides, and has yellow spines along the back, except on the neck
Sardine - ) Any one of several small species of herring which are commonly preserved in Olive oil for food, especially the pilchard, or European sardine (Clupea pilchardus)
Ash - ) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (F
Oleic - ) Pertaining to, derived from, or contained in, oil; as, oleic acid, an acid of the acrylic acid series found combined with glyceryl in the form of olein in certain animal and vegetable fats and oils, such as sperm oil, Olive oil, etc
Zoospore - Zoospores are produced by many green, and by some Olive-brown, algae
Ash - ) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (F
Oil - In the description of the goodness of the land of promise one of the advantages mentioned is 'a land of oil Olive'; and among the blessings enumerated with which God would endow His obedient people is that their oil should be multiplied. It was an article of value, and the people had their Olive yards as well as their vineyards
Dough - Flour or meal mixed with liquid, usually water but sometimes Olive oil as well, which is baked as bread
Moron - ) An inferior Olive size having a woody pulp and a large clingstone pit, growing in the mountainous and high-valley districts around the city of Moron, in Spain
Olive - It is always classed among the most valuable trees of Palestine, which is described as a land of oil Olive, and honey, Deuteronomy 6:11 8:8 Habakkuk 3:17 . The Olive is never a very large or beautiful tree, and seldom exceeds thirty feet in height: its leaves are dark green on the upper surface, and of a silvery hue on the under, and generally grow in pairs. The Olive delights in a stony soil, and will thrive even on the sides and tops of rocky hills, where there is scarcely any earth; hence the expression "oil out of the flinty rock," etc. The "wild Olive-tree" is smaller than the cultivated, and inferior in all its parts and products. A graft upon it, from a good tree, bore good fruit; while a graft from a "wild" Olive upon a good tree, remains "wild" as before
Betty - ) A pear-shaped bottle covered round with straw, in which Olive oil is sometimes brought from Italy; - called by chemists a Florence flask
Mallows - Almost certainly the sea orache ( Atriplex halimus ), a perennial shrub with leaves somewhat like the Olive, common in saltish marshes, especially near the Dead Sea, where it is associated with the retem (see Juniper)
Fatness - The gentile believer had become a sharer in the spiritual life and blessing bestowed by Divine covenant upon Abraham and his descendants as set forth under the figure of "the root of (not 'and') the fatness of the Olive tree
Soap - A cleaner made by mixing Olive oil and alkali from burning certain salt-producing plants
Oil Tree - Distinct from the zayit , "olive tree
Palmitin - It occurs mixed with stearin and olein in the fat of animal tissues, with olein and butyrin in butter, with olein in Olive oil, etc
Olive - The saint's children are "like Olive plants round about his table" (Psalms 128:3). ...
The old Olive sends out young suckers which spring up round the parent tree, and which in after ages, when the parent's strength fails, shelter it on every side from the blast. The Gentile church is the wild twig "engrafted contrary to nature" on the original Jewish Olive stock; it marks supernatural virtue in the stock that it enables those wild by nature to bear good fruit; ordinarily it is only a superior scion that is grafted on an inferior. The two witnesses for God (antitypes to Elijah and Moses, Zerubbabel and Joshua, the civil ruler and the priest: Malachi 4:5-6; Deuteronomy 8:8; Acts 3:21; Judges 1:6) are "the two Olive trees," channels of the oil (the Holy Spirit in them) feeding the church (Matthew 17:11; Zechariah 4:11-12). " The least breeze makes the flowers fall; compare Job 15:33, "he shall cast off his flower as the Olive," i
Oil - Only Olive oil seems to have been used among the Hebrews. (See Olive
Pine Tree - In Nehemiah 8:15 the Revised Version has "wild Olive" instead of "pine
Boron - , as a substance of a deep Olive color, in a semimetallic form, and in colorless quadratic crystals similar to the diamond in hardness and other properties
Redstart - The female is Olive, with yellow patches
Trees - The two kinds of tree most often mentioned in the Bible are the fruit bearing trees, the fig and the Olive (Deuteronomy 8:8; Mark 11:1; Mark 11:3; see FIG; Olive)
Olive (Tree) - ...
Zechariah 4:3 (a) Plainly the passage indicates that these two Olive trees are types of the Holy Spirit of GOD and the Word of GOD. ...
The Olive tree represents Israel from a religious aspect, while the fig tree represents Israel from the political aspect. The Lord did not curse an Olive tree, for the religion of Israel had GOD's approval. ...
Revelation 11:4 (a) The two Olive trees in this passage certainly represent the two witnesses
Beaten Oil - The highest grade of Olive oil produced by crushing ripe Olives in a mortar. The second grade of oil was produced by pressing the Olives
Oil - ) Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, not miscible with water; as, Olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc
Moccasin - Above, it is Olive brown, barred with black; beneath, it is brownish yellow, mottled with darker
Oil - The Hebrews used Olive oil as butter and as animal fat is used with us, Deuteronomy 32:13; Job 24:11; Ezekiel 16:13. Olive oil was extensively used for the lamps in the tabernacle
Legion - He also said to Peter, who drew his sword to defend him in the Olive garden: "Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, who shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?" Matthew 26:53
Offense, Mount of - Named from the groves of Olive-trees which grew there
Olivet, Mount - Named from the groves of Olive-trees which grew there
Mount of Offense - Named from the groves of Olive-trees which grew there
Mount Olivet - Named from the groves of Olive-trees which grew there
Chrism, Holy - It is Olive oil in which a small quantity of balm or balsam has been mixed; this is a perfumed resin from the terebinth tree and other oriental and tropical plants
Holy Chrism - It is Olive oil in which a small quantity of balm or balsam has been mixed; this is a perfumed resin from the terebinth tree and other oriental and tropical plants
Robin - The upper parts are Olive-gray, the head and tail blackish
Ointments - Their perfumery was usually prepared in Olive oil, and not in volatile extracts and essences
Mallows - " It is white, without thorns, growing near the sea, its leaves broader and smoother than the Olive; it is used for hedges (Dioscorides)
Gethsemane - (gehth ssehm' uh nih) Place name meaning, “olive press. ” Place where Jesus went after the Last Supper, a garden outside the city, across the Kidron on the Mount of Olives (Matthew 26:36-56 ; Mark 14:32-52 ; Luke 22:39-53 ; John 18:1-14 ). 326) at the foot of the Mount of Olives, a short distance down from the Golden Gate. Today, on the same site, a modern Roman Catholic “Church of All Nations” is erected beside a beautiful garden of eight ancient Olive trees. ” See Mount of Olives; Kidron; Judas
Izhar - (ihz' hahr) Personal name meaning, “olive oil” or “he sparkles
Nut - The fruit is the size of an Olive, bulging on one side, hollow on the other; red pulp encases a shell, the kernel of which is green, sweet, and oily
Willow - A very common tree, which grows in marshy places, Job 40:22 Isaiah 44:4 , with a leaf much like that of the Olive
Oil - The earliest kind was that which is extracted from Olives. The Israelites, in the decline of their national glory, carried the produce of their Olive plantations into Egypt as a tribute to their ancient oppressors, or as a present to conciliate their favour, and obtain their assistance in the sanguinary wars which they were often compelled to wage with the neighbouring states. This was compounded of spicy drugs, namely, myrrh, sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, and cassia, mixed with oil Olive
Lamp - Olive oil was generally burned in them (Exodus 27:20 )
Church - Some types of the Church:...
Body, John 15:5 (a)...
Branches, Ephesians 1:23 (a)...
Bride, Revelation 21:9 (a)...
Building, Ephesians 2:21 (a)...
Candlestick, Revelation 1:20 (a)...
Eve, Genesis 3:20 (c)...
Family, Ephesians 3:15 (a)...
Household, Ephesians 2:19 (b)...
Jewels, Malachi 3:17 (b)...
Light, Ephesians 5:8 (a)...
Loaf, 1 Corinthians 10:17 (margin) (a)...
Lump, 1 Corinthians 5:7 (a)...
Olive tree, Romans 11:17 (a)...
Queen, Psalm 45:9 (b)...
Rib, Genesis 2:21 (c)...
Seed, Matthew 13:38 (a)...
Sheep, John 10:11 (a)...
Stones, 1 Peter 2:5 (a)...
Temple, Ephesians 2:21 (a)...
Virgin, 2 Corinthians 11:2 (a)...
Wife, Revelation 21:9 (b)...
Ointment, the Holy - This was compounded of pure myrrh, sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, cassia and Olive oil
Tirzah - The village occupies a fine elevation in the midst of Olive groves
Olive Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Flower Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Fig Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Palm Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Blossom - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Branch - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Fig - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Flower - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Olive - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Palm - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Sallow - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Willow - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sunday, Yew - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Sallow Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Yew Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Willow Sunday - Sunday before Easter, the sixth and last of Lent, and the beginning of Holy Week, commemorating Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem when Olive and palm branches were strewn in His path. Palm Sunday is also called Flower, Olive, Branch, Sallow, Willow, Yew, Blossom, and Fig Sunday
Graft - Olives were frequently caused to multiply by removing shoots from the base of a cultivated tree (compare Psalm 128:3 ) and grafting them onto the trunks of wild Olive trees
Leaf - The Olive-leaf mentioned Genesis 8:11
Asher - This was a fertile area whose Olive orchards produced the best oil in Palestine (Genesis 49:20; Deuteronomy 33:24)
Branch - "...
When Olive trees, indigenous to Israel, are cut down, new trees grow from the shoots that sprout from the base and root system. That was not the case with Israel, the cultivated Olive tree; the branches broken off were replaced by wild Olive shoots, in other words, Gentile believers
Smoking Flax - Olive oil is poured into the bowl of the lamp, and for wick a few strands of flaxen fibre or cotton thread twisted together are inserted
Fry - with the use of fat, butter, or Olive oil) by heating over a fire; to cook in boiling lard or fat; as, to fry fish; to fry doughnuts
Umber - ) Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; Olive-brown; dark brown; dark; dusky
Gaza - The town is now without walls or gates, but is in the midst of Olive-orchards and has about 20,000 inhabitants
Natural - ' The Israelites are called the natural branches of the Olive tree which God planted on earth
Agriculture - The primary crops of the Bible include grain, grapes, and Olives (Genesis 27:28 ; Deuteronomy 7:13 ; Joel 1:10 ). ...
How long do Olive trees live? The huge trees in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36 ) on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem are hundreds of years old and could potentially stretch back to New Testament times. 70 the Roman forces under Titus felled all the trees, presumably including the Olives which could have sprouted again (Psalm 123:3 ) to yield the aged hollow trees still growing around Jerusalem. ...
Olive trees are not raised from seeds because the seedlings invariably produce very inferior ones similar to the wild stock. Olive roots spread widely to gain nourishment on rocky hillsides, hence the trees are often well spaced. Olives require a Mediterranean type of climate of moist cool winters and hot dry summers to be economically productive. ...
Olive groves usually had an oil press nearby where the heavy stone wheel crushed the fruit and its hard kernel. Olive oil was rubbed over skin and hair (Psalm 2:6 ; Psalm 23:5 ) and used for anointing guests (Luke 7:46 and 1 Kings 1:34 ). Medicinally, Olive oil mixed with antiseptic wine healed wounds (Luke 7:34 , James 5:14 ). Taken internally, Olive oil soothed gastric disorders and acted as a laxative. Olive oil was used as fuel for lamps with a wick made of flax, producing a bright flame when lit (Exodus 25:6 ; Matthew 25:34 )
Food - Grain of various kinds, beans, lentils, onions, grapes, together with Olive oil, honey, and the milk of goats and cows were the ordinary fare. A very common dish in Syria is rice, with shreds of meat, vegetables, Olive oil, etc
Pillar - 40-41: “And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of Olive tree: the lintel [1] and side posts were a fifth part of the wall” (1 Kings 6:31)
Arimathea - or RAMAH, now called Ramle, or Ramla, a pleasant town, beautifully situated on the borders of a fertile and extensive plain, abounding in gardens, vineyards, Olive and date trees
Oil - 1: ἔλαιον (Strong's #1637 — Noun Neuter — elaion — el'-ah-yon ) "olive oil," is mentioned over 200 times in the Bible
Flowers - nizzah used of the inconspicuous flowers of vine and Olive, Isaiah 18:5 , Job 15:33
Holy Place - Whilst only a heavy screen of rich tapestry, hanging from five wooden posts, extended on the whole front of the Tabernacle, in the first Temple a double folding door of cypress wood with doorposts of Olive wood closed the holy place from the porch
Leaf, Leaves - God's renewal of the earth following the flood was epitomized by an Olive leaf (Genesis 8:11 )
Olives, Mount of - Heavily covered with Olive trees, the ridge juts out in a north-south direction (like a spur) from the range of mountains running down the center of the region. Both the central Mount of Olives and Mount Scopus, the peak on its northern side, rise over two hundred feet above the Temple mount across the Kidron Valley. ...
David crossed the Mount of Olives when fleeing Absalom (2 Samuel 15:30 ). Zechariah described how the Mount of Olives would move to form a huge valley on the Day of the Lord (Zechariah 14:3-5 ). Many crucial events in Jesus' life occurred on the Mount of Olives
Gethsemane - Name of the garden on some part of mount Olivet to which the Lord often resorted with His disciples. of the slope of Olivet, is the traditional site of Gethsemane. There are in it some venerable Olive trees; but as Titus, at the destruction of Jerusalem, cut down all the trees near the city, these must be of more recent growth, and there is no certainty as to the site
Lamp - Oil for the light is further exemplified in the candlestick in Zechariah 4 , where the seven lamps are furnished with oil by pipes from two Olive trees: to these God's two witnesses in a future day are compared
Poor - The gleanings of the fields, the Olive trees, and the vines, were to be left for them, Leviticus 19:9 Deuteronomy 24:19 Ruth 2:2
Olives, Olivet, Mount of - It doubtless derived its name from the Olive-trees that grew on it. David when he hastened from Jerusalem at the rebellion of Absalom ascended Mount Olivet. ...
On the northern slope of the mount is a walled garden kept by the Franciscan monks, with a few old Olive trees, said to be the garden of Gethsemane, but another site is now shown by the Greek church. ...
A great part of the mount is cultivated with wheat and barley, with a vine here and there; also a few fig trees, but of trees there are still more of Olives than any other. Its modern name is Jebel et Tor, 'Mount of the Summit,' signifying 'mount of importance,' or Jebel ez Zeitun , 'Mount of Olives
Candlestick - Its lamps were supplied with pure Olive oil, and lighted every evening
Sharon - It still preserves some portions of its natural beauty, and is adorned in the spring with the white and red rose, the narcissus, the white and orange lily, the carnation and other flowers; but for the rest of the year it appears little better than a desert, with here and there a ruined village, and some clumps of Olive trees and sycamores
Oil (Olive) - As the Greek name implies, the common oil of Scripture is Olive oil. It is obtained from the ripe Olive berries by crushing and pressure, aided sometimes by the use of hot water, and is used for food, light, soap-making, and for anointing the hair and the skin. In Revelation 6:6 ‘the oil and the wine’ refer to the growing crops of Olives and grapes. -The Olive oil used in the consecration of priests and kings by anointing was compounded with various perfumed ingredients (Exodus 30:23-25)
Candlestick - Its lamps were supplied with pure Olive oil, and lighted every evening, Exodus 25:31-40 30:7,8 37:17-24 Leviticus 24:1-3 1 Samuel 3:3 2 Chronicles 13:11
Dove - The dove with an Olive branch was used on a sarcophagus to signify peace and hope of Resurrection; in flight, it represents the Ascension of Christ or the entrance of saints into glory. ...
In art it is the emblem of the following saints, ...
Saint Agnes of Rome - woman with a dove holding a ring in its beak
Saint Ambrose of Milan
Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni of Siena - Dominican with a dove (the Holy Spirit) whispering in his ear as he preaches
Saint Augustine of Hippo
Saint Basil the Great - the dove is near the supernational fire that indicates descent of the Holy Spirit on Basil
Saint Colman of Lindisfarne - the name Colman means dove
Saint Colomba of Rieti - Dominican tertiary with a dove indicating the Holy Spirit
Saint Dathus - chosen as bishop when a dove descended on him and those present took it as a sign
Saint David of Wales - as proof of the truth of his preaching, a dove settled on his shoulder as he spoke
Saint Devota - as her martyred body was being taken home, a storm threatened to wreck the boat; a dove emerged from her mouth, and the storm stopped
Saint Dunstan of Canterbury - man writing with a dove (the Holy Spirit) nearby
Saint Eulalia of Merida
Pope Saint Fabian - chosen pope when a dove settled on his head and the people took it as a sign
Pope Saint Gregory the Great
Saint Ida of Herzfield - woman with a dove hovering over her head
Saint Ivo of Kermartin - lawyer surrounded by doves (the Holy Spirit)
Saint Joachim - elderly man carrying a basket of doves
Saint John Chrysostom
Saint Oliva
Saint Oswald
Saint Remigius
Saint Scholastica - at her death, her brother, Saint Benedict of Nursia, saw her soul ascend to heaven as a dove
Saint Teresa of Avila - Carmelite nun with a dove (the Holy Spirit) nearby while she writes
Saint Thomas Aquinas - Dominican with a dove (the Holy Spirit) speaking in his ear as he writes
Pope Saint Zachary - with a dove and Olive branch to indicate his work as a peace maker
Fig (Tree) - The efforts of the Olive trees to become fine fruitful trees would fail, and there would be no oil for the use of the owner. The Lord cursed the fig tree, but not an Olive tree. The Olive tree represents Israel from the religious viewpoint. Paul tells in his epistle that the believers are grafted into the Olive tree, not into the fig tree
Dove - (Matthew 13:6) And it was the dove that brought the tidings of the waters being assuaged into the ark, by the Olive branch in his mouth
Holy of Holies - No windows admitted light into it; it was entered into, at least in the first temple, by a double folding door of Olive wood with cherubim carved upon it
Pine Tree - Nehemiah 8:15 , giving directions for observing the feast of tabernacles, says, "Fetch Olive branches, pine branches, myrtle branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths
Candlestick, - 1 Samuel 3:2 Each lamp was supplied with cotton and about two wineglasses of the purest Olive oil, which was sufficient to keep it burning during a long night
Candlestick, - 1 Samuel 3:2 Each lamp was supplied with cotton and about two wineglasses of the purest Olive oil, which was sufficient to keep it burning during a long night
Oil - In most cases the oil that the Bible mentions is Olive oil. Olive trees were grown extensively in Palestine, and Israel exported oil to other countries (1 Kings 5:11; Ezekiel 27:17; Hosea 12:1)
Kirjath Jearim - Now Kuryet el Enab, "the city of grapes," on the right bank of a long wady, with a fine old church, stone houses grouped round two or three castle-like houses, the hereditary residences of the family of Abu Ghaush, a marauding chief, amidst Olive groves and terraced slopes
Ointment - The ingredients, in addition to a basis of Olive oil, are rendered in RV Israel - Hosea 4:16 (a)...
Jonah, Jonah 1:17 (c)...
Lign aloes, Numbers 24:6 (a)...
Olive tree, Romans 11:17 (b)...
Sand, Genesis 22:17 (a)...
Seething pot, Jeremiah 1:13 (a)...
Sheep of His hand, Psalm 95:7 (a)...
Sheep of His pasture, Psalm 100:3 (a)...
Silly dove, Hosea 7:11 (a)
Race - These games were celebrated at stated places and times, with great pomp; renowned statesmen, legislators, and kings engaged in them; and it was deemed the highest of all honors to be crowned with a simple chaplet of laurel, Olive, pine, or parsley, in the presence of the vast assemblage of witnesses who delighted to honor the victor
Splendor - When used of the Olive tree ( Sharon - Near by are the immense Olive-groves of Ramleh and Lydda and amid them the picturesque towers, minarets, and domes of these villages; while the hillsides towards the northeast are thickly studded with native hamlets
Oil - Oil was considered a blessing given by God (Deuteronomy 11:14 ), and the Olive tree was a characteristic of the land which God gave to Israel (Deuteronomy 8:8 ). ...
Preparation In biblical times, domestic oil was prepared from Olives. The extraction of oil from Olives is abundantly confirmed by archaeological findings of stone presses found at several sites in Palestine. Since Olives were found in abundance in Palestine, Olive oil was also used as a commodity of trade (1 Kings 5:11 ; Ezekiel 27:17 ; Hosea 12:1 )
Oil - The supply of grace comes not from a dead reservoir of oil, but through living "olive trees. " The Lord Jesus has the fullness of grace from the double Olive tree of the Holy Spirit, so as to be at once our priest and king; He is the tree, ministers the branches, "emptying the golden oil out of themselves" for the supply of the church and to the glory of the Author of grace. The "beaten oil" for the sanctuary light was made from Olives bruised in a mortar. The Olives were sometimes "trodden" (Micah 6:15), or "pressed" in a "press," making the fats overflow (Joel 2:24; Joel 3:13; Haggai 2:16)
Dove - After seven days, being sent out a second time, she returned with an Olive leaf plucked off, whereby it became evident that the flood was considerably abated, and had sunk below the tops of the trees; and thus relieved the fears and cheered the heart of Noah and his family. And hence the Olive branch has ever been among the fore-runners of peace, and chief of those emblems by which a happy, state of renovation and restoration to prosperity had been signified to mankind
Carmel - The foot of the northern part approaches the water, so that, seen from the hills north-east of Acre, mount Carmel appears as if "dipping his feet in the western sea;" farther south it retires more inland, so that between the mountain and the sea there is an extensive plain covered with fields and Olive-trees. Von Richter says, "Mount Camel is entirely covered with green; on its summit are pines and oaks, and farther down Olive and laurel trees
Olives - The Mount of Olives was situated to the east of Jerusalem, and divided from the city only by the brook Kidron, and by the valley of Jehoshaphat, which stretches out from the north to the south. Hence it is that the Mount of Olives is called the mountain of corruption, 2 Kings 23:13 . The Mount of Olives forms part of a ridge of limestone hills, extending to the north and the south-west. The ascent to this point, which is to the north-east of the city, he describes as very gradual, through pleasant corn fields, planted with Olive trees. Bethany is a small village to the east of the Mount of Olives, on the road to Jericho, not farther from Jerusalem than the pinnacle of the hill. There are two roads to it; one passes over the Mount of Olives; the other, which is the shorter and easier, winds round the eastern end, having the greater part of the hill on the north or left hand, and on the right the elevation called by some writers the Mount of Offence, which is, however, very little above the valley of Jehoshaphat. The village of Bethany is small and poor, and the cultivation of the soil is much neglected; but it is a pleasant and somewhat romantic spot, sheltered by Mount Olivet on the north, and abounding with trees and long grass. ...
The Olive is still found growing in patches at the foot of the mount to which it gives its name; and "as a spontaneous produce, uninterruptedly resulting from the original growth of this part of the mountain, it is impossible," says Dr. "It is truly a curious and interesting fact," adds the learned traveller, "that, during a period of little more than two thousand years, Hebrews, Assyrians, Romans, Moslems, and Christians, have been successively in possession of the rocky mountains of Palestine; yet, the Olive still vindicates its paternal soil, and is found, at this day, upon the same spot which was called by the Hebrew writers Mount Olivet and the Mount of Olives, eleven centuries before the Christian era," 2 Samuel 15:30 ; Zechariah 14:4
Judah Territory of - This region was favorable for the Olive and vine
Candlestick - The lamps were kept burning perpetually; and were supplied morning and evening with pure Olive oil
Pomegranate - The pomegranate, classed by Moses with wheat and barley, vines and figs, oil Olive and honey, was, in his account, one principal recommendation of the promised land, Deuteronomy 8:8
Candlestick, Seven-Branched - Only the best kind of Olive-oil (the so-called virgin oil, "beaten with a pestle," Exodus 27) was to be used in these lamps, which, trimmed every morning and refilled every evening, were to burn continually (Exodus 27; Leviticus 24)
Ekron - Perhaps most importantly, a well-preserved Olive press was discovered
Money-Making: Nothing But Play - ' ...
* In 'The Crown of Wild Olive, Three Lectures on Work, Traffic, and War
Gate - Those of the holy place were of Olive wood, two-leaved and overlaid with gold; those of the temple of fir
Anoint - While Olive oil is the most common element mentioned in the Bible for use in anointing, oils produced from castor, bay, almond, myrtle, cyprus, cedar, walnut, and fish were also used
Andrew - Peter Chrysologus says that he was crucified upon a tree; and the spurious Hippolytus assures us that it was an Olive tree
Bethlehem - It is surrounded by nicely-kept terraces covered with vine, Olive, and fig trees
Gethsemane - Oil-press, a garden or grove in the valley at the foot of the Mount of Olives, over against Jerusalem, to which our Savior sometimes retired, and in which he endured his agony, and was betrayed by Judas, Matthew 26:36-57 . Early tradition locates Gethsemane near the base of Mount Olivet, beyond the brook Kidron. " It is about fifty-two yards square, and contains eight aged Olive-trees, whose roots in many places project above the ground and are protected by heaps of stones
Seven-Branched Candlestick - Only the best kind of Olive-oil (the so-called virgin oil, "beaten with a pestle," Exodus 27) was to be used in these lamps, which, trimmed every morning and refilled every evening, were to burn continually (Exodus 27; Leviticus 24)
Honey - It was described to him as a juice dropping from the leaves and twigs of a tree called Gharrab, of the size of an Olive tree, with leaves like those of the popular, but somewhat broader
Wild - Wild is prefixed to the names of many plants, to distinguish them from such of the name as are cultivated in gardens, as wild basil, wild parsnep, wild carrot, wild Olive, &
Gaza - Wittman gives the following description of his visit to Gaza: "In pursuing our route toward this place, the view became still more interesting and agreeable: the groves of Olive trees extending from the place where we had halted to the town, in front of which a fine avenue of these trees was planted. The numerous plantations of Olive and date trees which are interspersed contribute greatly to the picturesque effect of the scene exhibited by the surrounding plains
Sycamore - David appointed a particular officer, whose sole duty it was to watch over the plantations of sycamore and Olive-trees, 1 Chronicles 28:28; and being joined with the Olive, the high estimation in which it was held is intimated; for the Olive is considered as one of the most precious gifts which the God of nature has bestowed on the oriental nations
Oil - OIL (שָׁמֶן, ἔλαιον), by which we are to understand Olive oil, was from the very earliest times one of the main products of Palestine, for already in days prior to the Hebrew settlement, Canaan was ‘a land of oil Olives’ (Deuteronomy 8:8). ...
The oil was obtained by subjecting the berries of the Olive-tree to pressure. The earliest method of expression seems to have been that of treading the Olives with the feet, to which allusion is made in Micah 6:15, and perhaps also in Deuteronomy 33:24 This process is unknown in modern times (Thomson, LB
The quality of the oil depended partly on the time at which the Olives were gathered, and partly on the mode of crushing
Oil - With one exception ( Esther 2:12 ‘oil of myrrh’) all the Scripture references to oil are to ‘ Olive oil ,’ as it is expressly termed in Exodus 27:20 , Leviticus 24:2 etc. Considering how very numerous these references are some two hundred in all it is surprising that there should be so few that throw light on the methods adopted in the preparation of this indispensable product of the Olive tree. The Olives were either shaken from the tree or beaten down by striking the branches with a light pole, as illustrated on Greek vases (illust. In these the Olives were crushed by means of a large round stone. In addition to the universal Olive oil, the Mishna ( Shabbath , ii. ...
As might have been expected from the extensive cultivation of the Olive by the Hebrews, oil not only formed an important article of inland commerce , but was exported in large quantities both to the West, by way of Tyre ( Ezekiel 27:17 ), and to Egypt ( Hosea 12:1 )
Oil - The most common word for "oil" in the Old Testament is the Hebrew word shemen
Olive trees took a long time to grow and mature, but they also lasted for hundreds of years. As a sign of judgment Micah predicted that the nation of Israel "will press Olives" but not have the opportunity to "use the oil" (6:15)
Olives - Olives, the Mount of, Olivet, Mount. The mount of Olives, called also Olivet, and by the Arabs at present Jebel et-Tur, a name they give to elevated summits generally, was so styled from the Olive trees which clothed its sides. ...
Olivet is mentioned several times in the Old Testament, up its slopes David, fleeing from Jerusalem for fear of Absalom, went wearied and weeping. From Olivet our Lord looked down upon Jerusalem and wept bitter tears over its perverseness. Over Olivet he passed to and fro visiting Bethany. On the side of Olivet was Gethsemane. On Olivet, the last charge was given to the disciples who were thenceforth to build up the Christian church, and from its top Christ ascended to reign till every enemy snail be subdued beneath his feet. The highest point of Olivet is 2682 feet above the sea-level
Oils, Holy - The first and third are pure Olive oil; the chrism contains an admixture of balm or balsam
Holy Oils - The first and third are pure Olive oil; the chrism contains an admixture of balm or balsam
Lamps, Lighting, Lampstand - Lamps burned Olive oil almost exclusively (Exodus 25:6 ), though in later times oil from nuts, fish, and other sources were used
Shechem - The whole country is thickly studded with villages, the plains clothed with grass or grain, and the rounded hills with orchards of Olive, fig, pomegranate, and other trees
ga'za - There are a few palm trees in the town, and its fruit orchards are very productive; but the chief feature of the neighborhood is the wide-spread Olive grove to the north and northeast
Gate - (1 Kings 6:34,35 ; 2 Kings 18:16 ) Those of the holy place were of Olive wood, two-leaved and overlaid with gold; those of the temple of fir
Trees - The Olive tree represents a leader who was wise, kind, helpful and fruitful. (The Olive tree represents Israel from the religious viewpoint. ...
Olive tree - it represents Israel from the religious standpoint as the people of GOD
Crown - The crown or wreath worn by the victors in the Olympic games was made of leaves of the wild Olive; in the Pythian games, of laurel; in the Nemean games, of parsley; and in the Isthmian games, of the pine
Merchant - Olive oil was sold (2 Kings 4:7 )
Gaza or Azzah - The modern city lies more in the plain, which is exceedingly fertile, and abounds in gardens, date-trees, and Olive-trees
Noah - We may also mention the medals struck at Apamea in Phrygia, in the time of Septimus Severus, and bearing the name NO, an ark, a man and woman, a raven, and a dove with an Olive branch in its mouth
Games - The judge was selected for his spotless integrity; (2 Timothy 4:8 ) his office was to decide any disputes, (Colossians 3:15 ) and to give the prize, (1 Corinthians 9:24 ; Philippians 3:14 ) consisting of a crown, (2 Timothy 2:6 ; 4:8 ) of leaves of wild Olive at the Olympic games, and of pine, or at one period ivy, at the Isthmian games
Jotham - ) The Olive, fig, and vine, the most valuable products of Palestine, represent the nobler persons like Gideon, who bear fruit to God's glory and man's good, and wish no transference to kingly positions ("to float about restless and insecure", nuwah , instead of being rooted in the soil: Judges 9:9)
Etam - Now Beit 'Arab, a steep, stony, bore knoll, standing amidst the winding, narrow valleys, without a blade of grain on its sides, but Olive groves at its feet and three abundant springs
Garden - ...
The fact of its being artificially and continually watered, distinguishes the garden proper from the ordinary grain field, the vineyard, and the plantation of Olive or fig trees
Kin, Kindred, Kinship - Paul’s figure of the Olive-tree, Romans 11:17 etc
Food - Honey is extensively used, as is also Olive oil
Hebron - The environs of the city are very fertile, furnishing the finest vineyards in Palestine, numerous plantations of Olive and other fruit trees, and excellent pasturage
Firstfruits - Over this was thrown a measure of Olive oil and a handful of incense; and the priest, taking the offering, waved it before the Lord towards the four cardinal points, throwing a handful of it into the fire on the altar, and keeping the rest
Ointment - The basis of the former was Olive oil or some similar vegetable oil (e
Crown - It was woven as a garland of oak, ivy, parsley, myrtle, or Olive, or in imitation of these in gold
Fullness - The illustration of the Olive tree in verses 17-24 makes the point that God is able to regraft the natural branches (unbelieving Israelites) back into their own Olive tree (salvation brought about through Israel's Messiah)
Canaan - A land of oil, Olive and honey; of brooks, and fountains, and depths, that spring out of valleys and hills
Noah - When the dove returned with an Olive leaf, Noah knew the water had receded
Caterpillar - Its name comes from a Hebrew root word meaning, “to cut off,” thus describing the animal's destructive ability to bite through weeds, grain, fig leaves, grapes, Olive trees, fruit, and even small twigs and branches
Gethsemane - ) Beyond the brook Kedron at the foot of the mount of Olives; where probably oil was made from the Olives of the adjoining hill (Luke 22:39; John 18:1). In Luke 24:50 the sense is, He led them to the side of the hill where the road strikes downward to Bethany; for Acts 1:12 shows He ascended from the mount of Olives. , 6:1, section 1) is against the contemporary ancientness of the eight venerable Olive trees now pointed out. The tenth legion, moreover, was posted about the mount of Olives (5:2, section 3, 6:2, section 8); and in the siege a wall was carried along the valley of Kedron to the Siloam fountain (5:10, section 2). The Olives of Christ's time may have reproduced themselves
Gethsemane - It lay east of Jerusalem, across the Kidron (John 18:1), at the foot of or upon the Mount of Olives (Matthew 26:20, Mark 14:26, Luke 22:39 : cf. It is easily reached by the road passing through the latter and crossing the Kidron bridge, just beyond which it lies, a square plot of ground with eight very ancient Olive-trees
Gentiles - The Jews in national pride failed to see this, and despised the Gentiles Rejecting Messiah, they were "broken oft" from the Olive, that the Gentiles might be" grafted in" (Romans 11:11-35)
Olives, Mount of - Ezekiel 11:23 , called also OliveT, 2 Samuel 15:30 , a ridge running north and south on the east side of Jerusalem, its summit about half a mile from the city wall, and separated from it by the valley of the Kidron. The Olive-trees that formerly covered it, and gave it its name, are now represented by a few trees and clumps of trees which ages of desolation have not eradicated. The sides of the Mount of Olives towards the west contain many tombs, cut in the rocks
Peraea - The Olive and vine flourish, and good harvests reward the husbandman’s toil
Food - (Numbers 11:5 ) Honey is extensively used, as is also Olive oil
Lamp Lampstand - The oil used was chiefly Olive. ), although the number of the Olive trees is the same
Agriculture - Of the two former, together with the vine, Olive and fig, the use of irrigation, the plough and the harrow, mention is made ln the book of ( Job 31:40 ; 15:33 ; 24:6 ; 29:19 ; 39:10 ) Two kinds of cumin (the black variety called fitches), (Isaiah 28:27 ) and such podded plants as beans and lentils may be named among the staple produce. For his benefit, too, a sheaf forgotten in carrying to the floor was to be left; so also with regard to the vineyard' and the Olive grove
Israel - Branches may be broken off from the Olive tree of God’s privileged people and wild Olive branches may be grafted into the tree (Romans 11:17-21). The great essential features of these privileges are transferred to the spiritual Israel, the believing Church which has been grafted into the true Olive tree
Ittai - Last in the host that defiled past David, while standing beneath the Olive tree below Jerusalem (2 Samuel 15:18, Septuagint) on the morning of his flight from Absalom, were 600 Gathites who had emigrated with him to Gath (1 Samuel 27:2-3; 1 Samuel 27:8; 1 Samuel 30:9-10), and returned thence
Gold - ...
Zâhâb is used for the color “gold”: “What be these two Olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves?” ( Offering - The cakes were kneaded with Olive oil, or fried in a pan, or only dipped in oil after they were baked
Olves, Mount of - So called from the Olive trees with which its sides are clothed, is a mountain ridge on the east of Jerusalem (1 Kings 11:7 ; Ezekiel 11:23 ; Zechariah 14:4 ), from which it is separated by the valley of Kidron. , "Mount of Olives. Porter, "calls up associations at once so sacred and so pleasing as that of Olivet. And when the cup of God's wrath had been drunk, and death and the grave conquered, he led his disciples out again over Olivet as far as to Bethany, and after a parting blessing ascended to heaven (Luke 24:50,51 ; Acts 1:12 )
Firstfruits - The land is also viewed as a gift from God and the best of it, its "firstfruits, " is to be given to him—crops (Exodus 23:16,19 ), the wheat harvest (Exodus 34:22 ; Leviticus 2:14 ; 23:20 ), Olive oil (Numbers 18:12 ; Deuteronomy 18:4 ), the finest new wine (Numbers 18:12 ; Deuteronomy 18:4 ), honey (2 Chronicles 31:5 ), sheep wool (Deuteronomy 18:4 ), and fruit (Nehemiah 10:35 )
Firstfruits - Each party was preceded by a piper and a sacrificial bullock with horns gilt and crowned with Olive
Can - ...
Can the fig tree bear Olive berries? James 3
Offering - (OLIVE) OIL ...
A. ...
Shemen (שֶׁמֶן, Strong's #8081), "(olive) oil; Olive; perfume; Olivewood. ...
Shemen means Olive “oil”: “And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it” ( Olive “oil” was also used to anoint a future office bearer ( Olive oil a valuable trade item (
Shemen is “a kind of perfume,” or Olive oil mixed with certain odors to make a perfume, in passages such as Song of Olivewood, each ten cubits high” (1 Kings 6:23, RSV)
Cooking And Heating - Most significant in this respect was the Olive. After the Olives had been beaten from the trees and crushed in the Olive press, the Olive oil was used both for binding the flour instead of water, and for frying. The woman from Zarephath who cared for Elijah needed only some flour (meal) and some Olive oil to be able to survive through the time of famine (1 Kings 17:12 )
Fruit - James 3:12 asks whether a fig-tree can yield Olives or a vine figs. uses the curious idea of grafting a wild Olive on to a good Olive tree (‘contrary to nature,’ Romans 11:24) to illustrate the participation of the Gentiles in the promises made to Israel. Paul) with the ‘two Olive trees’ of Zechariah 4; and Revelation 6:13 in its mention of a fig-tree casting her unripe figs in the spring tempests recalls Isaiah 34:4, Revelation 14:14-20 is a vision of the harvest and vintage of the earth when the grain and the grapes are fully ripe
Hiram - " Hiram gave Solomon for the temple cedars and firs, and gold, six score talents, according to all his desire, and Solomon in return gave Hiram 20,000 measures of wheat and 26 measures of pure oil yearly; the mercantile coast cities being dependent on the grain and Olive abounding region of Palestine (Acts 12:20 end)
Ointment - ...
Manufacture The base for ointment was Olive oil. Olives were very common in Palestine; however, perfumed salves were very expensive. The manufacture of the anointing oil consisted of mixing Olive oil with myrrh, sweet cinnamon, calamus, and cassia (2 Kings 20:13 )
Crown - ...
"Crown of life" (James 1:12; Revelation 2:10; Revelation 3:11), "crown of glory that fadeth not away" as the withering garlands of wild Olive, ivy, or parsley, given to the victors in the Isthmian and other games (1 Peter 5:4)
Deluge - ...
Dove again sent out seven days afterwards; and in the evening she returns with an Olive leaf in her mouth (Genesis 8:10,11 )
Beth-Shemesh - Excavations indicate the Israelite city had Olive oil, wine, copper, fabric dyeing, and wheat production industries
Lydda - ...
Lydda is now ‘a flourishing little town, embosomed in noble orchards of Olive, fig, pomegranate, mulberry, sycamore, and other trees, and surrounded every way by a very fertile neighbourhood
Alms - " The poor were entitled to leavings from the produce of the field, the vineyard, and the Olive yard (Leviticus 19:9-10; Leviticus 23:22; Deuteronomy 15:11; Deuteronomy 24:19; Deuteronomy 26:2-13), the third year's tithing for the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, the widow
Palestine - And dry and barren as are many of the hills at present, there is evidence enough that in earlier happier days they were terraced, wooded, and productive: "a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil Olive and honey
Vine - In many cases it is difficult to say whether the fruit-press under consideration was an Olive-press or a wine-press
Torch - These torches consist of long poles, round the upper end of which are wrapped rags saturated with Olive oil
Poor - The considerate provisions of the law for the poor (based on principles already recognized by the patriarchs: Job 20:19; Job 24:3-4; Job 24:9-10; especially Job 29:11-16; Leviticus 19:9-10) were:...
(1) The right of gleaning; the corners of the field were not to be reaped, nor all the grapes to be gathered, nor the Olive trees to be beaten a second time; the stranger, fatherless, and widow might gather the leavings; the forgotten sheaf was to be left for them (Job 31:17; Deuteronomy 24:19; Deuteronomy 24:21; Ruth 2:2)
Cedar Tree - And as the Cedar of Lebanon is deep-rooted, ever-green, and ever-fragrant, so believers in Christ are deep-rooted in him, always flourishing in him, however unprofitable in themselves; and as the prophet describes the church, "their branches shall spread, and their beauty be as the Olive tree, and their smell like Lebanon
Tree - 41:19 lists the Olive “tree” and the box “tree” in the midst of a long list of various species of trees
Vinyard - ...
The words “vineyard” and “olive grove’ (zayit) are often found together in the biblical text
Carmel - Yet even Volney himself acknowledges that he found among the brambles, wild vines and Olive trees, which proved that the hand of industry had once been employed on a not ungrateful soil
Samaria - The valley is surrounded by four hills, one on each side, which are cultivated in terraces to the top, sown with grain and planted with fig and Olive trees, as is also the valley
Corn - "Corn, wine, and oil-olive" were the staple products, and wheat and barley still grow there luxuriantly, when cultivated
Gal'Ilee - Forests covered its mountains and hills, while its uplands, gentle slopes and broader valleys were rich in pasture, meadows, cultivated fields, vineyards, Olive groves and fruit trees of every kind
House - In the court the palm and Olive were planted, from whence the psalmist writes, "I am like a green Olive tree in the house of God"; an Olive tree in a house would be a strange image to us, but suggestive to an eastern of a home with refreshing shade and air
Lebanon - The Olive tree also played an important part in ancient times and is still cultivated
Gaza - An extensive Olive grove lies N
Gaza - Well watered, with broad gardens, and a great Olive grove stretching northwards, it drives a considerable trade with the nomadic Arabs
Fig, Fig-Tree - ...
The meaning of James 3:12 is clear: a tree is known by its fruits; a fig-tree cannot bring forth Olives, neither can an Olive-tree bring forth figs; a man’s ‘works’ are, in short, an infallible index to his ‘faith’ (James 2:18)
Vine, Vineyard - As in the case of the Olive, the culture of the vine needs a peaceful, settled population, as the plants require several years’ care before bearing fruit ( Zephaniah 1:13 ), and constant attention if they are to maintain their excellence; hence to sit under one’s ‘own vine and fig tree’ was a favourite image of peace ( 1 Kings 4:25 , Micah 4:4 , Zechariah 3:10 )
Undressed Cloth - To remove this, the silk fibre had to be kept for several hours in a bath of hot water containing soap made of Olive oil and alkali salt
Saints - ...
Paul addresses the letter to all the Christians in Rome as saints (Romans 1:7 , because Gentiles who, as wild Olive branches have been grafted into the stem of Judaism, now share in the full relationship to that plant and are also saints ), but the Jewish Christians in Rome, who are to be recipients of a special contribution Paul collected among Gentile churches, are called "the saints" in distinction (Romans 15:25-33 )
Face - While there is a dark type of comeliness (Song of Solomon 1:5), yet, as might be expected among a people accustomed to Olive and sunburnt tones of complexion, it is the exceptional characteristic of a fair and lustrous face that marks the highest form of beauty
Olives, Mount of - "The mount of the Olive grove" (Εlaionos ), Acts 1:12. In 2 Samuel 15:30 "the ascent of the Olives" (Hebrew). After the return from Babylon the Olive, pine, palm, and myrtle branches for booths at the feast of tabernacles were thence procured (Nehemiah 8:15). , separating the city which lies on its western side from the wilderness reaching from the eastern side of Olivet to the Dead Sea. The northern part, probably Nob, Mizpeh, and Scopus (so called from the view it commands of the city), is distinct historically, though geologically a continuation, from "the Mount of Olives. Olivet (Et Tur), the historical hill so called, separated from Scopus by a depression running across, is a limestone rounded hill, the whole length two miles; the height at the Church of the Ascension on the summit is 2,700 ft. of the central mount are: the tomb of the Virgin, then successively up the hill, namely, an Olive garden, cavern of Christ's prayer and agony, rock where the disciples slept, place of Jesus' capture, spot from whence the Virgin saw Stephen stoned, spot where her girdle dropped at her assumption, spot of Jesus' lament over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41), tombs of the prophets, including Haggai and Zechariah (the Jews say; Matthew 23:29), place of the ascension, and church. 325) was the first who connected the ascension with Olivet (Eusebius Vit. The "sabbath day's journey" (about six furlongs) specified for the information of Gentiles not knowing the locality in Acts 1 is from Olivet's main part and summit (or from Kefr et Tur, Bethphage according to Ganneau: see below), not from the place of actual ascension, Bethany, which is more than twice a sabbath day's journey. "The Mount of Olives" is similarly used in a general sense for Bethany (Luke 21:37, compare Matthew 21:17; Matthew 26:6). shoulder of the southernmost of the three divisions of Olivet; thence two views present themselves in succession; the first of the S. side or else peak of the Mount of Olives, which from Brocardus' time (13th century) has been called "the mount of offense" from the Vulgate translated of 2 Kings 23:13. Bethphage must have been, as this stone is, not on the road which Jesus was taking, namely, the narrow ridge to the Mount of Olives; otherwise He need not have sent disciples if He would have to pass it Himself; He said to them, "Go to the village over against you" (Matthew 21:2). ...
Ganneau identifies Bethphage with Kefr et Tur, "the village of the Mount of Olives," where exist ancient remains; he thinks it marked on the E. Now it is only in the secluded slopes of the northern hill that venerable Olives are seen spreading out into a wood; anciently the hills were covered with them. Rabbi Janna in the Midrash Tehillim (Lightfoot, 2:39) says that the shechinah ("divine presence"), after retiring from Jerusalem, dwelt three years and a half on Olivet, to see whether the Jews would repent; but when they would not, retired to its own place. "His feet shall stand upon the Mount of Olives which is before Jerusalem on the E. , and the Mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the E. The scene of His agony shall be that of His glory, the earnest of which was His triumphal entry from Olivet (Matthew 21:1-10). "Scopus" may comprise the whole chain from Mecharif to Olivet
Agriculture - ...
The soil of Gaza is dark and rich, though light, and retains rain; Olives abound in it. The vine, Olive, and fig abounded; and traces everywhere remain of former wine and Olive presses. The gleanings, the grainers of the field, and the forgotten sheaf and remaining grapes and Olives, were also the poor man's right; and perhaps a second tithe every third year (Leviticus 19:9-10; Deuteronomy 14:28; Deuteronomy 26:12; Amos 4:4)
Samaria - which are delightfully variegated by the picturesque forms of the hills and vales themselves, enriched by the occasional sight of wood and water, in clusters of Olive and other trees, and rills and torrents running among them. The valley is surrounded by four hills, one on each side, which are cultivated in terraces up to the top, sown with grain, and planted with fig and Olive trees, as is also the valley
Candlestick - The Olive oil represents the grace of the Holy Spirit flowing in God's appointed channels. In John 8:12, "I am the light of the world," there is allusion to the two colossal golden candlesticks lighted at the feast of tabernacles (which was then being held: John 7:2-37) after the evening sacrifice in one of the temple courts, and casting their beams on mount Olivet and on Jerusalem
Dove - After God's wrath for sin had been executed upon the earth, the dove was thrice sent forth; at the first sending she found no rest for the sole of her foot until she put herself in Noah's (or "comforter") hand, and was drawn into the ark; on the second trip, she brought back the Olive leaf, the earnest of the restored earth; on the third trip, she was able to roam at large, no longer needing the ark's shelter
Mari - From such an enviable position, the kingdom of Mari played a crucial role in the international trade of timber, stone, wool, resin, garments, furniture, royal horses, wine, Olive and sesame oils, myrtle, copper, lapis-lazuli and perhaps most importantly, tin—an essential component in the forging or casting of bronze
Church - When the Jews are at length restored, they will not enter a new church, but will be grafted again into "their own Olive tree" (Romans 11:18-24 ; Compare Ephesians 2:11-22 )
Fruit - Examples include myrrh (aromatic gum of the tree/bush of Arabia, Ethiopia, and Somalia), cinnamon (of the cinnamon tree), and Olive oil for the sacred oil for the tabernacle (Exodus 30:22-33 ); the fragrant spices of gum resin (the aromatic myrrh gum), onycha (made from mollusk shells), galbanum (resin from plant roots), and frankincense (resin from a small tree/bush from Ubar, Oman) for the sacred fragrant tabernacle incense (Exodus 30:34-38 ); frankincense and myrrh given by the magi in their worship of Jesus (Matthew 2:11 ); the nard (perfume made from a Middle East plant) Mary poured out in worship on the feet of Jesus (John 12:3 ); the seventy-five-pound mixture of myrrh and aloes (aromatic resin of a Near Eastern tree) Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus used in wrapping up the body of Jesus (John 19:39-40 ) and the spices and perfumes the women took to the tomb to anoint the body of Jesus (Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56-24:1 )
Damascus - The plain abounds in corn-fields, Olive-groves, and meadows, with vines, figs, apricots, citrons, plums, pomegranates, and other fruits
Pisidia - Many spots produce the Olive and excellent vines, and afford abundant pasture for animals of all kinds
Judah - , the link between mountain and plain, and is more thick with villages than the plain, grainfields alternate with meadows, gardens, and Olive groves. 61): a rugged limestone range, with sides covered with grass, shrubs, and trees; the valleys intersecting it yield plentifully grain, wheat, and millet; orchards, Olive yards, and vineyards rise in terraces up the sides
Cherubim - In the Temple two huge cheruhim of Olive wood, overlaid with gold, overshadowed the ark with their wings ( 1 Kings 6:23-28 )
Games - Prizes for winners of the Panhellenic Games were simple wreaths of Olive, wild celery, laurel, and pine
Prayer - ...
"Prayer is like the dove that Noah sent forth, which blessed him not only when it returned with an Olive-leaf in its mouth, but when it never returned at all
Jubilee, the Year of - The land was not to be sown, nor the vineyards and Oliveyards dressed; and neither the spontaneous fruits of the soil nor the produce of the vine and Olive was to be gathered, but all was to be left for the poor, the slave, the stranger and the cattle
Baal - The name of one of David's officers, who had the superintendence of his Olive and sycamore plantations
Olives, Mount of - "The Mount of Olives" occurs in the Old Testament in (Zechariah 14:4 ) only. In (2 Samuel 15:30 ) it is called "Olivet;" in other places simply "the mount," (Nehemiah 8:15 ) "the mount facing Jerusalem" (1 Kings 11:7 ) or "the mountain which is on the east aide of the city. " (Ezekiel 11:23 ) In the New Testament the usual form is "the Mount of Olives. " It is called also "Olivet. It is this portion which is the real Mount of Olives of the history. (Matthew 23:29 ) ...
The most southern portion of the Mount of Olives is that usually known as the "Mount of Offence," Mons Offensionis . " The presence of a number of churches and other edifices must have rendered the Mount of Olives, during the early and middle ages of Christianity, entirely unlike what it was in the time of the Jewish kingdom or of our Lord. But though the churches are nearly all demolished, there must be a considerable difference between the aspect of the mountain now and in those days when it received its name from the abundance of its Olive proves
Agriculture - Figs and pomegranates were very plentiful (Numbers 13:23 ), and the vine and the Olive grew luxuriantly and produced abundant fruit (Deuteronomy 33:24 )
Vine - Along with the Olive and fig trees, the grapevine is used throughout the Old Testament to symbolize the fertility of the land ( Deuteronomy 6:11 ; Joshua 24:13 ; 1 Samuel 8:14 ; 2 Kings 5:26 ; Jeremiah 5:17 ; Jeremiah 40:10 ; Hosea 2:12 )
Canaan, Land of - ...
God Himself describes the land as "a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil Olive and honey; a land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack anything in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass
Beam And Mote - applied to the Olive-leaf brought by the dove
Tabernacles, Feast of - They were made of boughs of Olive, palm, pine, myrtle, and of her trees of thick foliage
Canaan - " Judea is beautifully diversified with hills and plains— hills now barren and gloomy, but once cultivated to their summits, and smiling in the variety of their produce, chiefly the Olive and the vine; and plains, over which the Bedouin now roves to collect a scanty herbage for his cattle, but once yielding an abundance of which the inhabitants of a northern climate can form no idea. The limestone rocks and stony valleys of Judea were entirely covered with plantations of figs, vines, and Olive trees: not a single spot seemed to be neglected. '" An oriental's ideas of fertility differ, however, from ours; for to him, plantations of figs, vines, and Olives, with which the limestone rocks of Judea were once covered, would suggest the same associations of plenty and opulence that are called up in the mind of an Englishman by rich tracts of corn land. When to these wild productions we add the oil extracted from the Olive, so essential an article to an oriental, we shall be at no loss to account for the ancient fertility of the most barren districts of Judea, or for the adequacy of the soil to the support of so numerous a population, notwithstanding the comparatively small proportion of arable land. There is no reason to doubt, however, that corn and rice would be imported by the Tyrian merchants; which the Israelites would have no difficulty in exchanging for the produce of the Olive ground and the vineyard, or for their flocks and herds
Palesti'na - The larger towns, as Gaza and Ashdod, which stand near the shore, are surrounded with huge groves of Olive, sycamore and, as in the days King David. It is now, as it was when the Philistines possessed it, one enormous cornfield; an ocean of wheat covers the wide expense between the hills and the sand dunes of the seashore, without interruption of any kind --no break or hedge, hardly even a single Olive tree. Next to the vine, or even in some respects its superior in importance, ranks the Olive, which nowhere grows in greater luxuriance and abundance than in Palestine, where the Olive orchards form a prominent feature throughout the landscape, and have done so from time immemorial
Zechariah, Book of - 4) is of the seven-branched lamp of the Temple, supplied with oil from two Olive trees. The Olive trees are explained as the two sons of oil that stand by the Lord of the whole earth
Zebedee - Everywhere we meet with fruits of all kinds, Olive trees in the valleys, and around all the villages, orchards and vineyards, with an abundance of figs and pomegranates. Olive oil was plentiful around Jotapata—Tell Jefât (BJ iii
the Widow With the Two Mites - "That"-it was said by a great preacher in a land of vineyards and Olive yards in illustration and in enforcement of this very same subject of a willing mind-"that which comes from His people at the gentle pressure of their Lord's simple bidding, comes as the fine and sweet and golden-coloured Olive oil which runs freely from the fruit, almost before the press has ever touched it
Arts - ...
Specialized forms of agriculture, relating to the vine, the Olive, and the fig, are less frequently alluded to (James 3:12; cf. The importance of the Olive in particular has been shown by Deissmann (St
Tabernacles, the Feast of - The boughs were of the Olive palm, pine, myrtle and other trees with thick foliage
Damascus - Fruit of various kinds, especially Olive trees, grain and grass abound within the Damascus plain
Gentiles - Gentiles were the wild branches in the allegory grafted into the Olive tree (Romans 11:16-25 )
Lamp - The usual illuminant was the oil of the Olive; other oils, including naphtha, are named in the Mishna ( Shabbath , ii
Mouth - …” When used of a bird’s “mouth” it refers to its beak: “And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an Olive leaf plucked off …” ( Coins - When Hiram of Tyre agreed to furnish building materials for the Temple, Solomon pledged large annual payments in wheat and Olive oil (1 Kings 5:11 )
Child, Children - The reward of a man who fears the Lord shall be a wife like a fruitful vine, and children like Olive branches round about his table ( Psalms 128:3 )
Lebanon - In regard to cultivation there has been a very great improvement in recent years, and the terraced lower slopes of the mountain are now covered with mulberry, walnut, and Olive trees as well as vines
Calendars - It reads:...
His two months are (olive) harvest, His two months are planting (grain), His two months are late planting; His month is hoeing up of flax, His month is harvest of barley, His month is harvest and feasting; His two months are vine-tending, His month is summer fruit
Galilee - abounds in Olive groves
Man - Their countenances are broad and wrinkled, even in youth; their noses short and flat; their eyes little, cheek-bones high, teeth large, complexions Olive, and the hair black
Lebanon - ...
The stupendous size, the extensive range, and great elevation of Libanus; its towering summits capped with perpetual snow, or crowned with fragrant cedars; its Olive plantations; its vineyards, producing the most delicious wines; its clear fountains, and cold-flowing brooks; its fertile vales, and odoriferous shrubberies,—combine to form in Scripture language, "the glory of Lebanon
Shechem - In the morning after our arrival, we met caravans coming from Grand Cairo, and noticed others reposing in the large Olive plantations near the gates
Farming - ...
After the grapes were the Olives, which workers harvested by shaking or beating the tree so that the fruit fell to the ground. It was then collected in baskets (Deuteronomy 24:20; 1618537625_61; Amos 8:2; see Olive)
Food - ), and begin with the Olive , although, as it happens, the ‘olive berry’ ( James 3:12 AV
Next to the Olive in rank, Jotham’s parable places the fig-tree, whose ‘sweetness’ and ‘good fruit’ it extols (Judges 9:11 ). Under the simpler conditions of early times the exclusive source of supply was the householder’s own herd ( Genesis 18:7 ) or flock ( Genesis 27:9 ), his vineyard and Oliveyard or his ‘garden of herbs’ ( 1 Kings 21:2 )
Metaphor - -Romans 11:24 : ‘For, if thou wast cut out of that which is by nature a wild Olive tree, and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good Olive tree: how much more shall these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own Olive tree?’...
(11) Law
Plants in the Bible - ...
Fruits Olive trees ( Olea europaea ) are small rounded orchard trees with narrow gray-green leaves and small cream-colored flowers in May. The stone fruits ripen toward the end of summer and are pickled in brine either unripe as green Olives or ripe as black Olives. However, the bulk of the crop was gathered for the sake of the Olive oil
Galilee - It was ‘a land of wheat and barley, and vines and fig trees and pomegranates; a land of oil Olives and honey; a land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any thing in it’ (Deuteronomy 8:8-9). ‘In Asher, oil flows like a river,’ said the Rabbis, who also held that it was ‘easier to raise a legion of Olive trees in Galilee than to raise one child in Judaea . Made from the Olive trees, the oil was used principally for external application, for illumination, and in connexion with religious ritual
Furniture - , saucer-shaped bowls with a pinch in the rim for a wick fueled by a pool of Olive oil; such a lamp often sat on a supporting stand
House (2) - Fine woods, Olive, cedar, etc
Numbers as Symbols - Two Olive trees typical of two witnesses
Food - Some of the better known fruits were figs, grapes, Olives, pomegranates, apples, dates, sycamore, pistachio nuts and almonds (Genesis 43:11; Deuteronomy 8:8; Deuteronomy 34:3; Song of Song of Solomon 7:8; Song of Solomon 8:5; Amos 7:14; Matthew 7:16; see FIGS; GRAPES; OliveS). ...
Olives were crushed to produce Olive oil, which, because of its extensive use in cooking, was a basic necessity for the Hebrews
Noah - Noah successively sent, to ascertain the state of the earth, at intervals of seven days, a raven which rested on the ark but never entered it, wandering up and down and feeding on the floating caresses (emblem of the restless worldly spirit), and a dove, which finding no rest for the sole of her foot returned and Noah put forth his hand and took her and pulled her in unto him into the ark (emblem of the soul first drawn by Jesus to Himself: John 6:44; John 10:28-29); next she brought a fresh Olive leaf (emblem of peace and the Holy Spirit, the earnest of our inheritance: Ephesians 1:13-14), which can live under a flood more than most trees; Theophrastus (Hist. 50) mention Olives in the Red Sea. ...
(6) The Olive branch, in the Phrygian legend. The flood rose by degrees, not displacing the soil, nor its vegetable tribes as the Olive, nor rendering the ground unfit for cultivating the vine
Greece, Religion And Society of - Winners of contests received containers of oil from the goddess's Olive trees. Other people carried cakes for sacrifice, water, and Olive branches
Games - These consisted of different wreaths of wild Olive, pine, parsley, or laurel, according to the different places where the games were celebrated. The crown in the Olympic games was of wild Olive; in the Pythian, of laurel: in the Isthmian or Corinthian, of pine tree; and in the Nemaean, of smallage or parsley
Palestine - Moses describes it as "a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil Olive, and honey; a land wherein thou shalt not eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any thing in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass" (Deuteronomy 8:7-9 ). The original woods had for ages disappeared, though the slopes were dotted, as now, with figs, Olives, and other fruit-trees where there was any soil. Hills now bare, or at best rough with stunted growth, were then terraced, so as to grow vines, Olives, and grain
Ephraim (1) - The "precious things of the earth," "flowers," "olive valleys," and "vines" are assigned to Ephraim (Isaiah 28:1-4; Hosea 10:1)
Zechariah, Book of - The fifth vision (Zechariah 4:1-14 ) pictures God as a lampstand with two Olive trees standing beside Him: Joshua and Zerubbabel. Zechariah 14:1 envisions the Mount of Olives splitting in two, with fresh water (representing the blessings of God) flowing east and west watering the world
Shechem (1) - ; orchards of fruit, Olive groves, gardens of vegetables, and verdure on all sides delight the eye
Adder - ...
The smiling Olive with her verdant boughs Shades his bright helmet and adorns his brows; His charms in peace the furious serpent keep; And lull the envenom'd viper's race to sleep: His healing hand allay'd the raging pain, ...
And at his touch the poisons fled again
Temple - In it was set a door of Olive wood, described obscurely in 1 Kings 6:31 , which seems to say that its shape was not rectangular like the entrance door (see the Comm. In the centre of the chamber, facing the entrance ( 2 Chronicles 3:13 ), stood two cherubim figures of Olive wood, each 10 cubits high, with outstretched wings
Agriculture - ...
Of the wide range of topics embraced by agriculture in the wider significance of the term, some of the more important will be treated in separate articles, such as Cart, Flax, Food, Garden, Olive, Ox, Thorns, Vine, etc
Armies - Those who had planted a כרס , that is, an Olive or vine garden, and had not as yet tasted the fruit of it; an exemption, consequently, which extended through the first five years after such planting
Bread - These are now made especially at times of religious festival, and are coated on the upper surface with Olive oil and sprinkled with aromatic seeds. They can then be opened a little at one side, and the loaf thus forms a natural pouch enclosing the meat, cheese, raisins or Olives to be eaten with it by the labourer
Bethesda - Βηζαθά (? for Βηθζαιθά = בֵּית זַיִחָא ‘house of the Olive’), B Βηθσαιδά, D Βελζεθά
Peraea - Still he admits that it is in parts very fertile, and produces all kinds of fruits, and its plains are planted with various trees, chiefly the Olive, the vine, and the palm
Commerce - Whole grain, meal, flax, nuts, dates, Olive oil, fish in the Galilee area, and a variety of animal by-products found their way into every home and paid the taxes imposed by the government
Tabernacle - Nehemiah describes the gathering of palm-branches, Olive branches, myrtlebranches, etc. , for this occasion, from the Mount of Olives
Games - At Olympia it was made of wild Olive; in the Isthmus, in St
Feasts - Then finding in the law directions as to the feast of tabernacles, they brought branches of Olive, pine, myrtle, and palm, and thick trees, and made booths on their roofs and in their courts, and in the courts of God's house, and sat under them with "great gladness" (Nehemiah 8)
Palestine - " God's choice of it as peculiarly His own was its special glory (Psalms 132:13; Psalms 48:2; Jeremiah 3:19 margin "a good land, a land of brooks of water (wadies often now dry, but a few perennial), of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills (the deep blue pools, the sources of streams), a land of wheat, barley, vines, figtrees, pomegranates, oil Olive, honey (dibs , the syrup prepared from the grape lees, a common food now) . above the sea; Jerusalem, 2,610; Olivet, 2,724; Neby Samwil on the N. Rounded low hills, with coarse gray stone, clumps of oak bushes, and the remains of ancient terraces running round them, meet one on each side, or else the terraces are reconstructed and bear Olives and figs, and vineyards are surrounded by rough walls with watchtowers. Olives, terebinths, pines, and laurels here and ten miles to the N. Extensive woods there are none, and the Olives which are found everywhere but little improve the landscape. " The panoramic views from many hills, trodden by patriarchs, prophets, and heroes, as Olivet, Bethel, Gerizim, Carmel, Tabor, etc. Low calcareous hills, covered with villages and ruins, and largely planted with Olives, rise above broad arable valleys. Olive, sycamore, and palm encircle Gaza and Ashdod in the plain along the shore. The steepness of the descent front Olivet is great, but not unparalleled; the peculiarity which is unique is that the descent is into the bowels of the earth; one standing at the Dead Sea shore is almost as far below the ocean surface as the miner in the lowest depths of any mine. The lower limestone group has two series of beds: the upper darkish, cavernous, and ferruginous; the lower dark gray, solid, abounding in the fossil cidaris, an extinct echinus, the spines of which are the "olives" of the convents. The ravine from Olivet to Jericho affords an opportunity of examining the strata through which it cuts. ...
The earthquake in Uzziah's time (Zechariah 14:5), which injured the temple and brought down a mass of rock from Olivet (Josephus, Peter - Paul’s point of view it was altogether essential, however, that Christianity should have had this Jewish origin; and so it was especially fitting, he thought, that those Olive branches which had been temporarily severed from the Jewish trunk-as was the case with all Jews who rejected Christianity-should one day be restored to their rightful place along with the few wild Olive branches that had in the meantime been grafted upon the native stock (Romans 11:11 ff
Dwelling - Other materials were timber, such as cedar, shittim (acacia), sycamore, Olive, and in palaces algum and cypress
Prayer - Other words are αἴτημα, a petition of man to God (Philippians 4:6, 1 John 5:15); and ἱκετηρία, an adjective used at first with such a word as ῥάβδος or ἐλαία, picturing the symbol of supplication, an Olive branch bound round with wool carried by the suppliant
Samaria, Samaritans - Here they are for the most part covered with fruit trees of every kind, chief among which are the Olive, the fig, the mulberry, the orange, the apricot, and the pomegranate. 110) when he says: ‘One may be excused for becoming somewhat enthusiastic over this pretty vale of Nâblus, sparkling with fountains and streams, verdant with Olive groves and fig orchards, interspersed with walnut, apple, apricot, orange, quince, pomegranate, and other trees and shrubs
Millenarians - He farther argues, that if the Gentiles "were grafted contrary to nature into a good Olive tree, how much more shall these which be the natural branches be grafted into their own Olive tree?" Romans 11:24
Jeroboam - And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your Olive-yards, even the best of them, and will give them to his servants
Mount of Olives - MOUNT OF OliveS (τὸ ὄρος τῶν ἐλαιῶν, Matthew 21:1; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:30, Mark 13:3; Mark 14:26, Luke 19:37; Luke 22:39, John 8:1; and τὸ ὄρος τὸ καλούμενον ἐλαιῶν, Luke 19:29; Luke 21:37). It is to-day known as Jebel et-Tûr (the mountain of the elevation or tower) by the Moslems, and as Jebel ez-Zeitûn (the mount of Olives) by native Christians and, indeed, also by Moslems. Although these have been described by some authorities as parts of the Mount of Olives, there seems no real reason for including them in the description, and to do so is confusing. ...
The natural boundaries of Olivet are to-day well defined by two ancient roads. a very ancient highway to Jericho, after traversing a deep bay* [1] in the range, which from the city side seems to separate the range into two, crosses a low neck cutting off the northern part, now crowned by the house of Sir John Grey Hill, from the southern loftier mass—the true Mount of Olives. the road which runs to Bethany forms a convenient if somewhat arbitrary division, cutting off Olivet from the so-called ‘Mount of Offence’ and from other spurs to the south. Probably the limits were never defined geographically, but the whole area was distinguished, as it is to some extent to-day, by its thick plantations of Olives, figs, and palms,—hence the names Bethphage (house of figs) and Bethany (house of dates). ’ Whether the first or second of these lies most in the direction of our Lord’s frequent passages from the city to the Mount of Olives and to Bethany, it is difficult to say, but it can hardly be supposed that He came by such a path on the morning of His triumphal entry into the city. ...
The Mount of Olives in the days of Christ must have presented rural fertility, verdure, and quiet very grateful to country visitors to the great metropolis; fresh mountain breeziness in contrast to the closeness and foulness of the city atmosphere, and a view of the beloved and sacred city in which all that was sordid was lost, and only the beauty and grandeur remained. ...
Gospel incidents connected with the Mount of Olives. —Although, with the single exception of John 8:1, all the incidents expressly connected with the Mount of Olives belong to the Passion week, there can be no doubt (Luke 21:37) that this quiet spot was one beloved and frequented by the Master. Once we read of His approach to the Mount from the Eastern side ‘unto Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives’ (Mark 11:1 || Matthew 21:1 || Luke 19:29). During the whole of that week ‘in the daytime he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went out and abode in the Mount that is called of Olives’ (Luke 21:37)—the special locality on the Mount being Bethany (Matthew 21:17, Mark 11:11). ...
To these incidents where the Mount of Olives is expressly mentioned may be added the scene in the house of Martha and Mary (Luke 10:38-42), the raising of Lazarus (John 11), and the feast at the house of Simon (Matthew 26:6-13, Mark 14:3-9, John 12:1-19); for, as has been shown, Bethany was certainly a part of the Mount of Olives. ‘Mount of Olives’ in Smith’s DB
Meals - ’...
The direction in which Hebrew, like most Eastern, cooking diverged most widely from that of our northern climate was in the more extensive use of Olive oil , which served many of the purposes of butter and fat among ourselves. ]'>[1] ) by eating a morsel of bread the ‘morning morsel’ as it is called in the Talmud with some simple relish, such as a few Olives; but this was in no sense a meal. This would consist of several courses, beginning with light appetizing dishes, such as salted fish, pickled Olives, etc
the Ten Virgins - Olive oil, and all other kinds of oil, are to be bought in the oil-shops
Fig-Tree - ’ In the sense that the rudimentary fruit-buds would be discoverable under the leaves, upon examination (unless the tree had become sterile by reversion to the wild type, as sometimes occurs), this statement is true; the present writer has found such dry tasteless ‘figs’ at ‘Ain Far‘a near Jerusalem, on March 1, the size of an Olive, though the tree was leafless
Economic Life - ...
Local Village Economy Agriculture in ancient Palestine took three basic forms: grain production (barley and wheat), cultivation of vines and fruit trees, and the care of oleaginous plants (olive, date, sesame) from which oil was extracted for cooking, lighting, and personal care uses
Ephesians, Theology of - ...
Therefore, from this point on (2:3) the first-person plural pronouns include the Gentiles as well, who have been grafted as wild Olive branches into the Jewish tree (Romans 11:17-24 ) and are henceforth, like the Jews, included among the descendants of Abraham, "in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, so that by faith we [1] might receive the promise of the Spirit" ( Galatians 3:14 )
Entry Into Jerusalem - for δένδρων) are different from the κλάδοι (olive branches in classical Greek) cut from the trees, in Matthew 21:8. of Olives’ (ἤδη πρὸς τῇ καταβάσει), from which, Dean Stanley states, the first view is caught of the south-eastern corner of the city as the road from Bethany begins to descend
Zechariah, Theology of - In that day, Jesus will descend to the Mount of Olives (Zechariah 14:4 ; Acts 1:11 ) in the same way that he ascended, bringing his heavenly host with him (Zechariah 14:5 ; Matthew 25:31 ). ...
The two Olive trees, or anointed ones, in the Book of Zechariah are clearly Joshua and Zerubbabel (4:3,11-14)
Palestine - Grain, grass, Olives, and grapes were abundant. Olive groves and vineyards are found on the hillsides
Prayer - One picturesque word ( hike tçria ), found only in Hebrews 5:7 , suggests the Olive branches held forth by suppliants
Jerusalem - Helena, the mother of Constantine, built two churches in Bethlehem and on mount Olivet, about A. On the east of Jerusalem, and stretching from north to south, lies the Mount of Olives, divided from the city by the valley of the Kidron, and commanding a noble prospect of the city and surrounding county. Over against Moriah, or a little further north, lies the garden of Gethsemane, with its Olive trees, at the foot of the Mount of Olives. The Jews bury on Mount Olivet and the Mohammedans in several places, though preferring the eastern brow of Moriah
Passover (i.) - The president of the company took some of the bitter herbs, dipped them in salt water, ate a portion the size of an Olive, and gave a similar portion to his companions. There remained another cup to be drunk, for the number four was insisted upon, and became the subject of various interpretations; the second part of the Hallel (Psalms 115-118) was sung—probably the ‘hymn’ after which ‘they went out unto the mount of Olives’ (Mark 14:26)—and the feast ended with a benediction, ‘the blessing of the song
Ham - Or, to make another guess where we do not know, perhaps it was the anniversary of the laying of the keel of the ark; or of the shutting-to of the door of the ark; or of the day when the tops of the mountains were seen; or of the day when the dove came into the window of the ark with an Olive-leaf in her mouth plucked off
Isaiah - to be; instead of synonyms the same words repeated in the parallel members of verses; hymns interspersed; "the remnant of Olive trees," etc
Diseases - Olive oil was used widely, either alone or as an ingredient in ointments
Zechariah, the Book of - ...
The "two Olive trees" supplying oil to the "bowl" answer to the Holy Spirit supplying with infinite fullness Jesus the fount (bowl) at the head of the church, for the twofold function of bringing the grace of atonement as our Priest, and of sanctification and glorification as our King, Every mountain in Zerubbabel's way must yield; so, antitypically, the "destroying mountain" antichrist (Jeremiah 51:25; Daniel 2:34; Daniel 2:45; Matthew 21:44; Ezra 5:1-2; Isaiah 49:11) must give place to the "stone cut out of the mountain without hands"; and the top stone shall crown the completed church "with shoutings, Grace, grace unto it
Church - The Olive tree was still the same, only some branches were broken off, and others grafted into it
Synagogue - 569), and the inscriptions discovered in recent times mention nine different ones named either after persons, such as Augustus, Agrippa, and Volumnus, or after places, such as Campus (Martius) and the Subura, or after the language of the members, Hebraic or the vernacular, one after the trade ‘lime burners,’ and another after an engraved symbol ‘the Synagogue of the Olive Tree
Passover - 8:7) as large as an Olive, formed the company (Josephus, B
Bethlehem - The valleys below and the fields lying to the east produce crops of wheat and barley, as in the days when Ruth gleaned in the fields of Boaz; and the terraced slopes, under diligent cultivation, bear Olives, almonds, pomegranates, figs, and vines. Olive wood, and mother-of-pearl obtained from the Red Sea, with basaltic stone from the neighbourhood of the Dead Sea, are carved and wrought into useful and ornamental articles with no small degree of skill and taste
Adam - O, if Adam had only believed God about sin and death! O, if he had only stopped his ears against the father of lies! O, if he could only have foretasted guilt and remorse and agony of conscience as he was led up to the tree! O, if he could only at that fatal moment have foreseen that coming garden where the Son of God Himself lay among the dark Olive-trees recoiling from sin and death in a sweat of blood! O, if he could only have seen spread out before him all the death-beds of all his children on the earth, and all the beds of their second death in hell! O Adam and Eve in Eden, and still under the tree of temptation, look before it is too late; look on through the endless ages at the unutterable woes that you are working! 'Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - Every type of crop, including grapes, Olives, wheat, barley, figs, pomegranates, and apples had been ravaged (Joel 1:7-12 ). ) begins with the Olive harvest in autumn
Terah - The Lord thy God, so sang the call and the promise in Abram's hopeful heart-The Lord thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil Olive and honey; a land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack anything in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass
Romans, Epistle to the - This is enforced by the illustration of the wild Olive and the natural branches ( Romans 11:17-24 )
Sea of Galilee - The hills and the valleys on both shores become clothed in a luxuriant greenness, while, as the season advances, the fresh bursting buds of the Olive, the fig, the vine, and the pomegranate, with here and there a palm tree, add variety and pleasantness to the landscape. ‘It is easier,’ saith Rabbi Eliezer ben Simon, ‘to nourish a legion of Olives in Galilee than to bring up one child in the land of Israel’ (Ber
Christ in Art - The Dove, at first used as an emblem of peace, sometimes with an Olive branch in its mouth (though it occurs in pictures of the Baptism of Christ in the Catacombs), was the recognized symbol of the Holy Spirit in the apsidal mosaics of the 4th and 5th centuries, and thus has continued ever since: the Lamb, the Hand of God, and the Cross (see below), found in connexion with the Dove in these mosaics, also continued as common symbols in the Middle Ages, when interlaced triangles and circles further represented the Trinity
Jerusalem - direction; it then turns southward and deepens rapidly, separating the Jerusalem plateau from the ridge of the Mount of Olives on the east; finally, it meanders through the wild mountains of the Judæan desert, and finds its exit on the W. The chief intersecting valley is one identified with the Tyropœon of Josephus, which commences in some Olive gardens north of the city (between the forks of the Y ), runs, ever deepening, right through the modern city, and finally enters the Wady en-Nâr , about 1 / 8 mils above the mouth of the Wady er-Rabâbi
Poet - His images of single trees,—the vine, the fig, and the Olive,—with their roots, branches, leaves, all seen as it were in detail, will occur to every reader (Matthew 12:33 etc
Jerusalem - In the celebrated prospect from the Mount of Olives, the city lies too low, is too near the eye, and has too much the character of a bird's eye view, with the formality of a topographical plan. After citing the language of the Prophet Jeremiah, in his lamentations on the desolation of the ancient city, as accurately portraying its present state, Lamentations 1:1-6 ; Lamentations 2:1-9 ; Lamentations 2:15 , he thus proceeds: "When seen from the Mount of Olives, on the other side of the Valley of Jehoshaphat, Jerusalem presents an inclined plane, descending from west to east. The best view of it is from the Mount of Olives: it commands the exact shape and nearly every particular; namely, the church of the holy sepulchre, the Armenian convent, the mosque of Omar, St. A few gardens still remain on the sloping base of Mount Zion, watered from the pool of Siloam; the gardens of Gethsemane are still in a sort of ruined cultivation; the fences are broken down, and the Olive trees decaying, as if the hand that pressed and fed them were withdrawn; the Mount of Olives still retains a languishing verdure, and nourishes a few of those trees from which it derives its name; but all round about Jerusalem the general aspect is blighted and barren; the grass is withered; the bare rock looks through the scanty sward; and the grain itself, like the staring progeny of famine, seems in doubt whether to come to maturity, or die in the ear