What does New Birth mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - New Birth
NEW BIRTH. See Regeneration.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - New Birth
See REGENERATION.
Holman Bible Dictionary - New Birth
A term evangelicals use to describe the unique spiritual experience of beginning a changed life in Christ. The origins of the term lie in John 3:3 , “Except a man be born again”; John 3:6 , “That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit”; John 3:7 “Ye must be born again”; and 1 Peter 1:23 , “Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth forever.” New birth, like the earlier physical birth, is an initiation to a new experience of life. The new birth comes from hearing the word of God (James 1:21 ; 1 Peter 1:23 ). It is not a human accomplishment but an act of God (John 1:13 ; Ephesians 2:8 ; James 1:18 ). Individuals, however, cooperate with God's saving work through their repentance (break with a life of sin, Luke 13:3 ) and their commitment of life to Christ (John 1:12 ; John 3:16 ). New birth makes one God's child forever. Rededication and renewal may come often in one's lifetime, but the new birth never reoccurs. See Regeneration ; Salvation .
James L. Sullivan
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - New Birth
Cleansing from sin that God gives to all who believe on his Son through the Holy Spirit.
It is absolutely necessary for a person to be born again in order to enter the kingdom of God. In the central passage in the New Testament about the new birth (John 3 ), Jesus tells Nicodemus, a member of the Jewish ruling council, that he will not enter the kingdom of God unless he is born anew. The alternation between singular and plural Greek pronouns in the passage shows that Jesus is speaking to Nicodemus both personally and representatively. The need for the new birth is not only true of Nicodemus, but of the entire Sanhedrin, all Jews, and, by extension, all people.
Some have considered the new birth to be a process a person experiences, even over a period of years. Such an interpretation is not congruent with the tense of the Greek verb in this passage. The aorist tense suggests that the new birth is an event rather than a process. Prior to a certain point in time, a person is not-born-again or regenerated; after that point, the person is.
Probably the most difficult interpretative issue in John 3 is found in verse 5. The best view appears to be that "being born of water and the Spirit" presents a unified thought for the supernatural cleansing from sin that God through the Spirit effects on all who believe on his Son. This water-Spirit combination is a reflection of Ezekiel 11,36 , and Jeremiah 31 . In these Old Testament passages God's Spirit is viewed as doing a revolutionary work in the lives of God's people in the new covenant age. There are a number of reasons that this interpretation is preferable.
The use of one Greek preposition (ek ) before the two nouns indicates a close relationship between them. Water and Spirit are complementary rather than antithetical to each other. It does not see water as a reference to Christian baptism at a time in Jesus' ministry when such baptism was not yet a historical reality. It fits well contextually in terms of Nicodemus' familiarity with the Old Testament and the need for some intelligibility on his part. It interprets "born of water and the Spirit" as equivalent to "born of God, " a common Johannine term (John 1:13 ; 1 John 2:29 ; 3:7-10 ; 4:7 ; 5:4 ). It comports well with the emphasis on Spirit and truth in the Johannine literature. Finally, it coheres with the use of water in the Old Testament to symbolize renewal and cleansing.
Whether Old Testament believers possessed the new birth is a difficult question. No Old Testament text explicitly states that Old Testament believers were born again or regenerated. There is a relative absence of a developed theology of the Spirit in the Old Testament. But, given the universality of the need for the new birth, it can be argued that Jesus' teaching on the absolute necessity of the new birth for entrance into the kingdom of God analogically demands that Old Testament believers also had to have the divine life imparted to them through God's Spirit.
Many commentators argue that Titus 3:5 argues for water baptism as the referent of the word "washing." Based on the Greek grammar, however, the translation should be rendered "the washing [1] regeneration and the renewal [1] the Holy Spirit." This interpretation also coheres with the translation of John 3 .
First Peter 1:23 adds a more explicit dimension to the means whereby the new birth is produced: the preached message of the truth of Jesus Christ. The key words in 1 Peter 1:22-25 expand upon and reinforce words referring to the new birth.
The new birth is, then, a sovereign act of God by his Spirit in which the believer is cleansed from sin and given spiritual birth into God's household. It renews the believer's intellect, sensibility, and will to enable that person to enter the kingdom of God and to do good works. The Old Testament saints were born again when they responded in faith to God's revealed message; New Testament saints, when they respond in faith to Jesus Christ.
Carl B. Hoch, Jr.
Bibliography . L. L. Belleville, Trinity 1 (1980): 125-41; F. Bchsel, TDNT, 1:665-75,686-89; S. Charnock, The Works of Stephen Charnock, vol. 3; J. Dey, Encyclopedia of Biblical Theology, pp. 725-30; N. R. Gulley, ABD, 5:659-60; Z. C. Hodges, BSac 135 (1978): 206-20; A. Kretzer, Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:243-44; W. L. Kynes, Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, pp. 574-76; J. I. Packer, EDT, pp. 924-26; A. Ringwald, NIDNTT, 1:176-80; P. Toon, Born Again: A Biblical and Theological Study of Regeneration .
Morrish Bible Dictionary - New Birth
is a term commonly used to convey concisely the truth brought out in the beginning of John 3 , namely, that a man's origin spiritually must be of God's work in him if he is to come under the moral sway of God in grace. This is specially the point in the conversation of the Lord with Nicodemus: "Except a man be born again [1], he cannot see the kingdom of God." "Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God": that is, born of the Holy Spirit as the power, and of water (the word) as the means of moral cleansing. "Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth." James 1:18 : cf. Ephesians 5:26 . "That which is born of the Spirit is spirit:" it is of the nature of its source — spiritual and not natural.
Nicodemus was astonished at what he heard, yet as a teacher in Israel he should have known the 'earthly' (not 'worldly') things concerning the kingdom of God. He should have learned from such passages as Ezekiel 36:25-28 ; Jeremiah 31:33 , that new birth was necessary for Israel to have part in God's kingdom. The heavenly things of Christianity are spoken of subsequently in John 3 as the fruit of the cross, and the love of God, but there must be new birth as the foundation in man, whatever be the nature of the blessing proposed.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - New Birth
NEW BIRTH.—See Regeneration.
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - New Birth
The name which the New Testament Scriptures, and theChurch for nearly two thousand years have given to Holy Baptism,which is the Laver of Regeneration, the new and spiritual Birth.(See BAPTISM, HOLY; also REGENERATION.)

Sentence search

Born Again - See New Birth ...
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Birth, New - See New Birth
Rebirth - See New Birth ...
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Regeneration - See New Birth ...
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Birth, New - See New Birth
New Birth - New Birth
Regenesis - ) New Birth; renewal
New Birth - NEW BIRTH
Baptismal Regeneration - (See REGENERATION, also New Birth)
New Birth - ” New Birth, like the earlier physical birth, is an initiation to a new experience of life. The New Birth comes from hearing the word of God (James 1:21 ; 1 Peter 1:23 ). New Birth makes one God's child forever. Rededication and renewal may come often in one's lifetime, but the New Birth never reoccurs
New Birth - In the central passage in the New Testament about the New Birth (John 3 ), Jesus tells Nicodemus, a member of the Jewish ruling council, that he will not enter the kingdom of God unless he is born anew. The need for the New Birth is not only true of Nicodemus, but of the entire Sanhedrin, all Jews, and, by extension, all people. ...
Some have considered the New Birth to be a process a person experiences, even over a period of years. The aorist tense suggests that the New Birth is an event rather than a process. ...
Whether Old Testament believers possessed the New Birth is a difficult question. But, given the universality of the need for the New Birth, it can be argued that Jesus' teaching on the absolute necessity of the New Birth for entrance into the kingdom of God analogically demands that Old Testament believers also had to have the divine life imparted to them through God's Spirit. ...
First Peter 1:23 adds a more explicit dimension to the means whereby the New Birth is produced: the preached message of the truth of Jesus Christ. The key words in 1 Peter 1:22-25 expand upon and reinforce words referring to the New Birth. ...
The New Birth is, then, a sovereign act of God by his Spirit in which the believer is cleansed from sin and given spiritual birth into God's household
New - Faith is like a New Birth; grace acts like a new leaven; the Christian compared with the pagan is like a new man, in contrast with the old
Renaissance - ) A New Birth, or revival
Palingenesy - ) A New Birth; a re-creation; a regeneration; a continued existence in different manner or form
Wife - Here we find the real Church of GOD, which has been prepared for the meeting with the Lord by the New Birth, by redemption, and by salvation
Regeneration - 'new birth,' a renovation as in the return of spring. It will be seen that the word regeneration has not in scripture the sense of 'new birth,' to which the term has been commonly applied
Cloth - He gives the sinner a New Birth
Born Again - The New Birth enjoyed by a Christian upon his conversion and regeneration
Regeneration - In theology, New Birth by the grace of God that change by which the will and natural enmity of man to God and his law are subdued, and a principle of supreme love to God and his law, or holy affections, are implanted in the heart
Regeneration - The New Birth; that work of the Holy Spirit by which the soul, previously dead in sins, is created anew in Christ unto righteousness. In Titus 3:5 , "the washing of regeneration" denotes the purifying work of the Spirit in the New Birth
Regeneration - It is well to note thatRegeneration, or the "New Birth" is often confounded with"Conversion," or they are regarded as synonymous terms. Regenerationis a New Birth unto God whereby we become partakers of the nature ofChrist
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church - They are in close accord with the Methodist Episcopal Church, accepting the Apostle's Creed "and adhering strictly to the doctrine of the New Birth, regeneration followed by adoption, and entire sanctification
Regeneration - 1: παλιγγενεσία (Strong's #3824 — Noun Feminine — palingenesia — pal-ing-ghen-es-ee'-ah ) "new birth" (palin, "again," genesis, "birth"), is used of "spiritual regeneration," Titus 3:5 , involving the communication of a new life, the two operating powers to produce which are "the word of truth," James 1:18 ; 1 Peter 1:23 , and the Holy Spirit, John 3:5,6 ; the loutron, "the laver, the washing," is explained in Ephesians 5:26 , "having cleansed it by the washing (loutron) of water with the word. " ...
The New Birth and "regeneration" do not represent successive stages in spiritual experience, they refer to the same event but view it in different aspects. The New Birth stresses the communication of spiritual life in contrast to antecedent spiritual death; "regeneration" stresses the inception of a new state of things in contrast with the old; hence the connection of the use of the word with its application to Israel, in Matthew 19:28
Beggar - When GOD comes into a man's life, He changes him by means of the New Birth, so that he no longer wants the dung heap of this world, but sits in the presence of GOD in a glorious atmosphere of heavenly association
New Birth - He should have learned from such passages as Ezekiel 36:25-28 ; Jeremiah 31:33 , that New Birth was necessary for Israel to have part in God's kingdom. The heavenly things of Christianity are spoken of subsequently in John 3 as the fruit of the cross, and the love of God, but there must be New Birth as the foundation in man, whatever be the nature of the blessing proposed
Adoption - For example, it is an act of regeneration (new birth), for it gives spiritual life to those who are dead in sins (see REGENERATION). ...
There is no conflict between the pictures of New Birth and adoption. New Birth shows that God gives life to those who are spiritually dead; adoption shows that God makes believers his special possession and gives them the full status of mature adult sons (Romans 8:15; Galatians 3:23-26; Galatians 4:1-7; Ephesians 1:5; 1 John 3:1)
Birth - In a theological sense, regeneration is called the New Birth
Quicken, to: - ...
A word may be added on the distinction between 'new birth' and 'quickening. This is not necessarily the result of New Birth; for instance, Israel will have to be born again in view of earthly blessing (John 3:12 ; Ezekiel 36:25,26 ); but believers now are not only born again, but, as quickened with Christ, they are made to live spiritually in that sphere of holy love into which Christ has entered by resurrection, in order that He might introduce them into it; they thus have passed from death to life
Birth - The natural birth is referred to as the emblem of the New Birth (John 3:3-8 ; Galatians 6:15 ; Titus 3:5 , etc
Nicodemus - ...
At first Nicodemus had difficulty understanding Jesus’ figurative teaching concerning the New Birth (John 3:3-10), but he did not dismiss the teaching
Conversion - ' It is in scripture the real effect that accompanies the New Birth, a turning to God
Nicodemus - See New Birth
Regeneration - This word literally means a "new birth
Baptism, Holy - The grace conferred in Holy Baptismis threefold, (1) Regeneration, or the New Birth (See REGENERATION);(2) Admission into the Spiritual Kingdom, or the Holy CatholicChurch, and (3) The forgiveness of all our sins, for in the NiceneCreed we confess, "I acknowledge one Baptism for the Remissions ofsins
Name, the Christian - The Christian name we receive at our Christening, that is,Christianing or Baptism or New Birth
Beatitudes - “The meek” describes not the weak, but rather strength that is surrendered to God in a New Birth experience (Matthew 5:5 )
New - See New Birth
Regeneration (2) - As a New Birth, man can no more contribute to it than to his first birth, and hence must be regarded in it as purely passive, not acting or co-operating with God. To see the real basis for the figure of the New Birth, it is necessary to go back to the teaching of Jesus in the Synoptics, and to look at it in its substance and not merely in its formal expression. To become as a little child is really to be born again; it is what this figure of a New Birth properly means, and it is the only key to it which the words of Jesus yield. ...
It should be remarked, in passing, that John never uses μετάνοια or στρέθεσθκι in the moral sense (except in the quotation from LXX Septuagint at John 12:40), and that the Synoptists never use ‘regeneration’ of the individual, or speak of a New Birth (except by the allusion in Matthew 18:3); but it is one and the same experience which they respectively describe by these terms. At Pentecost what we see is rather a New Birth than the New Birth of the Apostles. We are reminded here of the parables in which the word of God—that is, the gospel—is spoken of as a seed, and of 1 Corinthians 4:19, though in James it is the will of God and not the ministry of an Apostle to which the New Birth is referred. that the figure of a New Birth is most frequent and explicit. The fundamental passage here is that in John 3, in which Jesus explains the New Birth to Nicodemus. No experience is described or demanded in it which has not already come before us independently; the New Birth is only a new figure which gives vivid and suggestive expression to a truth which Jesus Himself in the Synoptic record, and the Apostles in their writings, have already expressed in other forms. The Evangelist is guided by the Spirit of truth into all the truth of this apparently simple saying (John 16:13); he universalizes it, and sets it in the various relations which bring out its meaning; he shows the necessity of the New Birth, the method of it (so far as experience enabled him to do so), and the seat of the power which produced it. ’ He does indeed put in the most general form the necessity for the New Birth when he says, ‘that which is born of the flesh is flesh. The New Birth is a birth of water and spirit (John 3:6): in other words, it is a birth wh
Regeneration - This experience is called the New Birth, or regeneration, and is the work of the Spirit of God within the individual
Wine - " Instead He gives a New Birth so that the new-born soul, with a new life and a new nature may enjoy Heaven's blessings
Earthly And Heavenly - The earthly things were those of which Christ had been speaking,—the necessity and mystery and reality of the New Birth,—and also, as Godet rightly infers from John 3:12 (note use of plural instead of singular in addressing Nicodemus), the truths previously preached by Christ
Way - ...
Psalm 119:1 (b) By this is described the general path of life which the Christian enters at the New Birth and pursues on his way to Heaven
Infant Baptism - By its New Birth in Holy Baptism,the child becomes as fully incorporated into the new and spiritualrace of which Christ is the Head, as ever it was incorporated intothe race of mankind by its natural birth
Raiment - " In the time of the New Birth, or salvation, GOD removes these garments and replaces them with the Robe of Righteousness, which is the Garment of Salvation
Natural - It is obviously upon this principle that our Lord insists upon the necessity of the New Birth in order to our entering into the kingdom of heaven, John 3:3 ; John 3:5
Teacher (2) - The discourse with Nicodemus (John 3) was intended to emphasize this very fact, that Jesus was not only a Teacher but a Saviour, and that the passport into the Kingdom of God was not mere knowledge, but a new life which demands New Birth
Regeneration - A New Birth; that work of the Holy Spirit by which we experience a change of heart
Regeneration - a New Birth; that work of the Holy Spirit by which we experience a change of heart
Water Watering, Waterless - So the New Birth is, in one sense, the setting aside of all that the believer was according to the flesh, for it is evident that there must be an entirely new beginning
Nicodemus - working Teacher is not enough for seeing the kingdom of God, Jesus with a twice repeated Amen solemnly declares; there must be New Birth from above (margin John 3:3; John 3:5; John 3:7), "of water (the outward sign) and of the Spirit" (the essential thing, not inseparably joined to the water baptism: Mark 16:16; Acts 2:38 (See BAPTISM)), so that, as an infant just born, the person is a "new creature"; compare Naaman the type, 2 Kings 5:14; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Ezekiel 36:25-26. , so is the New Birth (John 3:8; Ecclesiastes 11:5; 1 Corinthians 2:11)
Water (2) - ) its symbolical reference in connexion with the New Birth is admitted, but its significance is uncertain, ‘Except a man be born of water and spirit (ἐξ ὕδατος καὶ πνεύματος), he cannot enter into the kingdom of God’ (John 3:5). Others take it as referring to the baptism of John, and as indicating that repentance is an essential factor in the New Birth (Expos
Salvation - The picture of New Birth shows that God gives life to those who are spiritually dead (1 Peter 1:23; see REGENERATION), and the picture of adoption shows how God places believers in his family and gives them the full status of sons (Romans 8:15; see ADOPTION)
Titus, Epistle to - Matthew 19:28 ), and renewal of the Holy Spirit, which He had richly poured out upon them through Jesus Christ their Saviour (the 'renewal' is more than New Birth, it is the Spirit's active energy in the believer), that, having been justified by His grace, they should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life
Immortality - ...
Peter says Christians have been given "new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade" (1 Peter 1:3-4 ). Later he states that this New Birth is "not of perishable seed, but of imperishable" (v
Growth Increase - Growth and increase must follow the New Birth. This growth is, on the one hand, regarded as a natural development from the new seed implanted in the New Birth
Kingdom - ...
"Entrance into the Kingdom of God is by the New Birth, Matthew 18:3 ; John 3:5 , for nothing that a man may be by nature, or can attain to by any form of self-culture, avails in the spiritual realm. And as the new nature, received in the New Birth, is made evident by obedience, it is further said that only such as do the will of God shall enter into His Kingdom, Matthew 7:21 , where, however, the context shows that the reference is to the future, as in 2 Peter 1:10,11
Vessel - The other five had simply been worked upon by the Spirit, whereby certain good results had been obtained, but not that complete act of linking them with Heaven and GOD, called the "new birth
Repent, Repentance - , in the New Birth, and, generally, in the active turning from sin to God by the exercise of faith (John 3:3 ; 9:38 ; 1 John 1:9 ), as in the NT in general
Salvation - Scripture uses a wealth of images to describe this act: New Birth (John 3:3 ; Titus 3:5 ); new creation (2 Corinthians 5:17 ); adoption (Romans 8:15 ; Galatians 4:4-5 ; Ephesians 1:5 ); empowerment to be God's children (John 1:12 ); the status of “saints” (1 Corinthians 1:2 ; 2 Corinthians 1:1 ). See Atonement ; Conversion ; Election ; Eschatology ; Forgiveness ; Future Hope ; Grace ; Justification ; New Birth ; Predestination ; Reconciliation, Redeem, Redemption, Redeemer; Repentance ; Sanctification ; Security of the Believer
Proselytes - ) Hezekiah's triumph over Sennacherib was followed by many bringing gifts: unto Jehovah to Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 32:23); this suggested the prophecy in Psalm 87 that Rahab (Egypt) and Babylon (whose king Merodach Baladan had sent a friendly embassy to Hezekiah), Philistia, Tyre, and Ethiopia should be spiritually born (Psalms 51:5; Matthew 15:4-62; Psalms 22:31; Isaiah 66:8; John 3:3; John 3:5; both Old and New Testament teach the need of the New Birth) in Jerusalem as proselytes. The presumed existence of this proselyte baptism for males and females throws light on John's baptism and the priests' question, "why baptizest thou then?" (John 1:25) and John 3:5; John 3:10, the Lord's words to Nicodemus, "art thou a master (teacher) of Israel, and knowest not these things?" Nicodemus ought to have understood the deeper sense to which Christ applied the familiar phrase "new birth" in connection with "baptism" of proselytes
Baptism - ...
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Luke 3:21 (c) The baptism of JESUS certainly had nothing whatever to do with salvation, nor the New Birth, nor forgiveness
Proselyte - Each of them, by means of this, received, as it were, a New Birth, so that those who were their parents before were no longer regarded as such after this ceremony, and those who before were slaves now became free
Regeneration - It is, to all intents and purposes, in the spiritual faculties creating a new life, a New Birth, a new nature: hence the Scriptures describe the recovery from sin under the strongest expressions
Holy Spirit - In the Gospel of John, the Spirit possesses Christ (John 1:32-33 ); is indicative of the New Birth (John 3:1-16 ); will come upon Jesus' departure (John 16:7-11 ); and will endow the believer after the resurrection (John 20:22 )
Light, Noun, And Verb, Lighten - Hence believers are called 'sons of light,' Luke 16:8 , not merely because they have received a revelation from God, but because in the New Birth they have received the spiritual capacity for it
Measure - The Holy Spirit is imparted neither by degrees, nor in portions, as if He were merely an influence, He is bestowed personally upon each believer, at the time of the New Birth; (b) of "a graduated rod or rule for measuring," figuratively, Matthew 7:2 ; Mark 4:24 ; literally, Revelation 21:15 (in the best mss
Behmenists - That divine life of the light and Spirit of God, which makes the essential difference between an angel and a devil, the last having extinguished this divine life in himself; but that man can only attain unto this heavenly life of the second principle through the New Birth in Christ Jesus
Children of God - In this connexion the demand for the New Birth must be noticed. The moral character befitting the children of God is secured by the New Birth ‘of water and of the Spirit’ (John 3:5). They attain the dignity by a New Birth that is from above
Life - Those who experience the New Birth are described as having been formerly dead (Luke 15:32 ; John 5:21 ). The beginning of life as a child of God is likened to a New Birth (John 3:3-8 ; 1 John 2:29 ; 3:9 ; 4:7 ; 5:1,4 , 18 ), which is not of human decision, but the result of the divine, spiritual action of God (John 1:13 ; 3:5-8 ; 6:63 )
Enlightenment - 61), after speaking of baptism as a ‘new birth’ (ἀναγέννησις), Justin says: ‘And this washing is called enlightenment (καλεῖται δὲ τοῦτο τὸ λουτρὸν φωτισμός) because those who learn these things Mind - Its use in the NT may be analyzed as follows: it denotes (a) the faculty of knowing, the seat of the understanding, Luke 24:45 ; Romans 1:28 ; 14:5 ; 1 Corinthians 14:15,19 ; Ephesians 4:17 ; Philippians 4:7 ; Colossians 2:18 ; 1 Timothy 6:5 ; 2 Timothy 3:8 ; Titus 1:15 ; Revelation 13:18 ; 17:9 ; (b) counsels, purpose, Romans 11:34 (of the "mind" of God); 12:2; 1 Corinthians 1:10 ; 2:16 , twice (1) of the thoughts and counsels of God, (2) of Christ, a testimony to His Godhood; Ephesians 4:23 ; (c) the new nature, which belongs to the believer by reason of the New Birth, Romans 7:23,25 , where it is contrasted with "the flesh," the principle of evil which dominates fallen man
Abba - ) And it must be truly said, that before the cry of the soul, in the New Birth of grace, goes forth in Abba, or Ammah, the apprehending union, interest, and relationship in Christ with his church, had been settled long before, even from all eternity
Nicodemus - He was simply unable to conceive what kind of New Birth could be needed by one who was already a Jew and a keeper of the Law
Baptize, Baptism - It has much to say about the gospel, faith, New Birth, purification, putting aside the flesh, the Spirit, admission to the community, reverencing Christ as Lordechoing much of the baptismal thinking already noticed. ...
Without a New Birth of water and Spirit, none can see or enter the kingdom or attain a spiritual nature
Ate - We are His sheep by the New Birth
Man - ...
(b) The spiritual transformation of individual men from lovers of darkness (John 3:19) to sons of light (John 12:36) is conceived both biologically as a New Birth, and psychologically as a product of faith; no formal attempt is made to correlate these two ways of describing the change, or to solve the problem of the relation of Divine and human factors in conversion. John specializes the Pauline idea of a ‘new creation’ (2 Corinthians 5:17, Galatians 6:15) into that of a New Birth (John 3:3), which springs from a Divine seed (1 John 3:9). This New Birth from the Spirit has its conscious side in the believer’s faith (John 1:12); that there is no contradiction between the two ideas is shown by such a passage as 1 John 5:1 : ‘Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is begotten of God
John, Gospel of - Jesus spoke to Nicodemus about New Birth (3:1-21), and John the Baptist spoke to the Jews about Jesus (3:22-36)
Psalms, Book of, - Psal 139 is a psalm of the New Birth of Israel from the womb of the Babylonish captivity, to a life of righteousness; Psal 140-143 may be a picture of the trials to which the unrestored exiles were still exposed in the realms of the Gentiles
Forgiveness - It is symbolic, as was John’s baptism, of a ‘death unto sin and a New Birth unto righteousness’ ( Mark 1:4 = Luke 3:3 ; cf
Law - , a principle which demands only faith on man's part; (c) "the law of my mind," Romans 7:23 , that principle which governs the new nature in virtue of the New Birth; (d) "the law of sin," Romans 7:23 , the principle by which sin exerts its influence and power despite the desire to do what is right; "of sin and death," Romans 8:2 , death being the effect; (e) "the law of liberty," James 1:25 ; 2:12 , a term comprehensive of all the Scriptures, not a "law" of compulsion enforced from without, but meeting with ready obedience through the desire and delight of the renewed being who is subject to it; into it he looks, and in its teaching he delights; he is "under law (ennomos, "in law," implying union and subjection) to Christ," 1 Corinthians 9:21 ; cp
Holy Spirit - He is the life-giving presence within the universal Church, the Divine agent in its sacramental and authoritative acts; communicating Himself as a presence and power to the individual Christian; mediating to him forgiveness and New Birth; nourishing, increasing, and purifying his whole personality; knitting him into the fellowship of saints; and finally, through the resurrection of the body, bringing him to the fulness of eternal life
Evil (2) - In one passage He calls it Creation’s New Birth (παλινγενεσία, Matthew 19:28); but His usual term for it is the ‘Kingdom of God’ (or of Heaven): ‘Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father’ (Matthew 13:43)
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - The New Birth experienced by the believer is the first appearing of the new order of creation in Christ. Whether it be the first Gentile converts in a geographic area, the New Birth and gift of the Spirit experienced by Christians, or the resurrection of Jesus himself, all are like the firstfruits of the harvest in that they are tokens of the new age in Christ and give the promise of greater things to come
Regeneration - They thought of the necessary transformation as a death and resurrection, as a New Birth, as a purification. The very metaphor of the New Birth was in all probability employed, indicating the attainment of a new status and the possibility of miraculous charismata
Mercy - Peter (1 Peter 1:3 ) reached back to the Old Testament records of God's establishment of a covenant with Israel and connected them with the new life in Christ to describe the salvation of Christians: "By his great mercy he has given us a New Birth through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead" (NRSV)
Heart - —The repentance Jesus preached meant a change of heart (Matthew 4:17; Matthew 9:13, Luke 13:3); the conversion He urged as a necessity was a turning of the heart to God as the source of life and grace (Matthew 13:15, Mark 4:12, John 12:40), a restoration of the childlike spirit (Matthew 18:3), a New Birth within, apart from which it is impossible to enjoy the blessings of the heavenly Kingdom (John 3:3-7)
Adam - ; Tennant, The Sources of the Doctrine of the Fall and Original Sin; Sadler, The Second Adam and the New Birth; Thackeray, The Relation of St
Adam - ; Tennant, The Sources of the Doctrine of the Fall and Original Sin; Sadler, The Second Adam and the New Birth; Thackeray, The Relation of St
Heart - —The repentance Jesus preached meant a change of heart (Matthew 4:17; Matthew 9:13, Luke 13:3); the conversion He urged as a necessity was a turning of the heart to God as the source of life and grace (Matthew 13:15, Mark 4:12, John 12:40), a restoration of the childlike spirit (Matthew 18:3), a New Birth within, apart from which it is impossible to enjoy the blessings of the heavenly Kingdom (John 3:3-7)
Children of God, Sons of God - -For Sonship of God by New Birth, in antiquity, see A
Children (Sons) of God - the moral fruits of this New Birth are set forth righteousness, incapability to sin, love, faith in the Son of God, victory over the world ( 1Jn 2:29 ; 1 John 3:9 ; 1Jn 4:7 ; 1 John 5:1 ; 1 John 5:4 )
Repentance - Its place is taken by the figures of the New Birth (John 3:3; cf
Brotherhood (2) - The New Birth is effected (John 1:12; John 1:15), the new life received (John 6:57; John 10:27-28), and their sins graciously forgiven (Mark 2:5-11, Luke 7:47-48; cf
Art - Here is the justification and the sanctification of all that is truly human: Christianity embraces all life, and ‘the inspiration of the New Birth extends to every human interest and faculty. ’ The office of art, Westcott continues, is ‘to present the truth of things under the aspect of beauty’: the effect of Christianity upon art is that of ‘a New Birth, a transfiguration of all human powers by the revelation of their divine connexions and destiny’; and thus ‘Christian art is the interpretation of beauty in life under the light of the Incarnation
Baptism - Here, and in Romans 6:3-4-5-6, baptism is viewed as identifying us with Christ, by our union to His once crucified and now risen body, and as entailing in us also a death unto sin and a New Birth unto righteousness, and as involving as the final issue our bodily sharing in the likeness of His resurrection, at the coming first resurrection, that of the saints
James, Epistle of - Again, we find Christ mentioned (probably) in connexion with the Parousia ( James 5:7-8 ) [2]; ‘beloved brethren’ ( James 1:16 ; James 1:19 , James 2:5 ), the New Birth ( James 1:18 ), the Kingdom ( James 2:5 ), the name which is blasphemed ( James 2:7 ), and the royal law of liberty ( James 1:25 , James 2:8 ) are all predominantly Christian ideas
Nicodemus - 'No!' our Lord said to Nicodemus, as he lay struggling in the net of his old heart and life all that night-'No! We do not need to talk any more about my mighty works or your New Birth
Bible, Theology of - The prophet Jeremiah looked forward to a new day when God would write His covenant on the hearts of the people so that it could not be broken (Jeremiah 31:31-34 ), a prophecy of the New Birth referred to by Jesus in John 3:1-8
Grace - The life of the believer is by a New Birth from above,* Colossians, Theology of - This highly symbolic description of salvation really portrays the "new birth" and "new life" that God gives and effects
Holy Spirit - 1 Corinthians 13:13, Ephesians 4:4-6); and it appears also in the account of what Jesus said to Nicodemus (John 3:3-21), where the sequence is the New Birth duo to the Spirit, belief in the Son, and the deeds ‘wrought in God
Fire - It is a picture of that blessed experience which we call the "new birth"; we too are made priests of GOD
Peter, the Epistles of - New Birth by the Divine Word a motive to abstinence from worldly lusts (1 Peter 1:22; 1 Peter 2:2; 2 Peter 1:4; also 1 Peter 2:9 margin; 2 Peter 1:3, the rare word "virtue," 1 Peter 4:17; 2 Peter 2:3)
Grace - The life of the believer is by a New Birth from above,* Communion (2) - So complete, indeed, is to be the severance from the past, that the experience in which it is brought about is called a ‘new birth’ (John 3:3), as real as, though of a type essentially different from, the physical birth (John 3:6)
Doctrines - Such a complete change as these words imply—‘change of mind’ (μετάνοια), ‘convert,’ ‘turn round’ (ἐπιστρέφειν, Matthew 13:15), ‘new birth’ or ‘birth from above’ (γεννηθῇ ἄνωθεν, John 3:3), is necessary for all, as Jesus shows by addressing His teaching on this theme not only to Pharisees like Nicodemus, but to His own disciples—notably in the parable of the Unmerciful Servant (Matthew 18:21-35), in which, in answer to a question of Peter, He likens the condition of all recipients of the Divine forgiveness to that of a man who owes a debt of ten thousand talents, clearly meaning by that the infinitude of
Sacraments - Both are referred to by implication in a manner exactly analogous in the parallel discourses of the Fourth Gospel on the New Birth and the Bread of Life (John 3, 6)
Holy Spirit - He will make possible the New Birth, over which Nicodemus so marvels (John 3:5-8 ), and will create new spiritual lives (6:63)
Life - How can man, who is ‘born of flesh’ (John 3:6), become partaker in this substance, and so experience a New Birth as a child of God? This is the religious problem as it presents itself to St
Elisha - He dipped seven times as he was told, "and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child"; typifying the spiritual New Birth through washing in the "fountain opened for uncleanness" (Job 33:25; Joshua 4:20-21,7; John 3:5)
Turning - The New Birth (John 3:3 ff
Heaven - Death for him is New Birth (ὁ τοκετός μοι ἐπίκειται, vi
Announcements of Death - ]'>[1] occasion for the mention of His death by our Lord grew out of the failure of Nicodemus to understand the New Birth and the spiritual nature of the kingdom of God (John 3:9)
Personality - It thus calls for no less an analogy than a New Birth, and the breath of the Spirit (John 3:7-8)
John, Theology of - The doctrine of the New Birth is one example of this
Pharisees (2) - Jesus led men to God as Father through a New Birth by the Holy Ghost, into a family of loving children, by way of repentance, faith, and union with Himself (Mark 1:14-15, John 3:5 f
Lutherans - By our natural birth, therefore, under this idea, we are alienated from God, innocent in our individual persons, but guilty in that of him from whom we derived our existence; a guilt which, although contracted through, the fault of another, yet so closely adheres to us that it effectually precludes our entrance at the gate of everlasting life, until the reception of a New Birth in baptism