What does Midianite mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
הַמִּדְיָנִי֮ a member of the tribe of Midian. 1

Definitions Related to Midianite


   1 a member of the tribe of Midian.
   2 an inhabitant of the land of Midian.
   Additional Information: Midianite = see Midian “strife”.

Frequency of Midianite (original languages)

Frequency of Midianite (English)


Easton's Bible Dictionary - Midianite
An Arabian tribe descended from Midian. They inhabited principally the desert north of the peninsula of Arabia. The peninsula of Sinai was the pasture-ground for their flocks. They were virtually the rulers of Arabia, being the dominant tribe. Like all Arabians, they were a nomad people. They early engaged in commercial pursuits. It was to one of their caravans that Joseph was sold (Genesis 37:28,36 ). The next notice of them is in connection with Moses' flight from Egypt (Exodus 2:15-21 ). Here in Midian Moses became the servant and afterwards the son-in-law of Reuel or Jethro, the priest. After the Exodus, the Midianites were friendly to the Israelites so long as they traversed only their outlying pasture-ground on the west of the Arabah; but when, having passed the southern end of Edom, they entered into the land of Midian proper, they joined with Balak, the king of Moab, in a conspiracy against them (Numbers 22:4-7 ). Balaam, who had been sent for to curse Israel, having utterly failed to do so, was dismissed by the king of Moab; nevertheless he still tarried among the Midianites, and induced them to enter into correspondence with the Israelites, so as to bring them into association with them in the licentious orgies connected with the worship of Baal-Peor. This crafty counsel prevailed. The Israelites took part in the heathen festival, and so brought upon themselves a curse indeed. Their apostasy brought upon them a severe punishment. A plague broke out amongst them, and more than twenty-four thousand of the people perished (Numbers 25:9 ). But the Midianites were not to be left unpunished. A terrible vengeance was denounced against them. A thousand warriors from each tribe, under the leadership of Phinehas, went forth against them. The Midianites were utterly routed. Their cities were consumed by fire, five of their kings were put to death, and the whole nation was destroyed (Joshua 13:21,22 ). Balaam also perished by the sword, receiving the "wages of his unrighteousness" (Numbers 31:8 ; 2 Peter 2:15 ). The whole of the country on the east of Jordan, now conquered by the Israelites (see SIHON ; OG), was divided between the two tribes of Reuben and Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh. Some two hundred and fifty years after this the Midianites had regained their ancient power, and in confederation with the Amalekites and the "children of the east" they made war against their old enemies the Israelites, whom for seven years they oppressed and held in subjection. They were at length assailed by Gideon in that ever-memorable battle in the great plain of Esdraelon, and utterly destroyed (Jud (Judges 7 ). Frequent allusions are afterwards made to this great victory (Psalm 83:10,12 ; Isaiah 9:4 ; 10:6 ). They now wholly pass away from the page of history both sacred and profane.

Sentence search

Zimri ben salu - Slain by Phinehas after publicly cohabiting with a Midianite princess
Reba - Fourth, one of the Midianite chiefs slain by the Israelites in the wilderness (Numbers 31:8 ; Joshua 13:21 )
Zalmunna - One of the two Midianite kings who were defeated and slain by Gideon
Oreb And Zeeb - ” Two Midianite princes captured and executed by the Ephraimites following Gideon's rout of their forces (Judges 7:24-8:3 ). The Midianite nobles gave their names to the sites of their deaths, the rock of Oreb near Beth Bareh on the Jordan and the winepress of Zeeb
Zur -
One of the five Midianite kings whom the Israelites defeated and put to death (Numbers 31:8 )
Phurah - ) His servant and armor bearer, who accompanied him at midnight to the Midianite camp (Judges 7:10-11; 1 Samuel 14:1)
Zippor - Zippor is seemingly related to the Midianite name Zipporah(See METALS; PARAN
Rekem -
One of the five Midianite kings whom the Israelites destroyed (Numbers 31:8 )
Zur - A Midianite prince slain by the Israelites ( Numbers 25:15 ; Numbers 31:8 , Joshua 13:21 )
Gideon - Leading an army of 300 men, he caused the 135,000-strong occupying Midianite army to panic and flee
o'Reb - (raven ), one of the chieftains of the Midianite host which invaded Israel, and was defeated and driven back by Gideon
Hur - Fourth of the five Midianite kings slain with Balaam after the affair of Peor (Numbers 31:8). So, Balak was not hereditary king, but probably a Midianite; as Zippor, i. a bird, is like the Midianite names Oreb "crow," Zeeb "wolf"; imposed upon Moab as king by Sihon
Ethio'Pian Woman - The wife of Moses is to described in (Numbers 12:1 ) She is elsewhere said to have been the daughter of a Midianite, and in consequence of this some have supposed that the allusion is to another wife whom Moses married after the death of Zipporah
Cozbi - ” A Midianite woman who was slain by Phinehas after being brought into the tent of an Israelite man named Zimri (Numbers 25:15 )
Zur - Midianite tribal chief (Numbers 25:15 NIV) whose daughter, Cozbi, was killed along with an Israelite man by Phinehas
Jethro - Of particular interest is that Jethro was a Midianite priest. One school of thought has discovered the origin of Israel's Yahwism in the ancient Midianite religion represented by Jethro
Rekem - One of five Midianite kings whom Israel defeated in Moses' time (Numbers 31:8 ; Joshua 13:21 )
Oreb, And Zeeb - Raven and wolf, two Midianite chiefs, captured after the victory of Gideon, and slain at the spots whither they had fled, and which were afterwards called in memory of them "the rock of Oreb" and the wine- press or cellar of Zeeb, Judges 7:25
Tab'Bath - (celebrated ), a place mentioned only in ( Judges 7:25 ) in describing the flight of the Midianite host after Gideon's night attack; (probably the present Tubukhat-Fahil , a very striking natural bank 600 feet high, with a long horizontal top, embanked against the western face of the mountains east of the Jordan, and descending with a steep front to the river
Zebah - ” He and Zalmunna were Midianite kings that Gideon captured and killed because they had killed Gideon's brothers (Judges 8:4-21 ; see Psalm 83:11 ; Isaiah 9:4 ; Isaiah 10:26 )
Zeeb - The wolf, one of the two leaders of the great Midianite host which invaded Israel and was utterly routed by Gideon
Zebah - A Midianite king, mentioned together with Zalmunna , who was killed by Gideon as the result of blood-revenge ( Judges 8:18-21 ); both kings had, however, been previously overcome in battle by Gideon, who championed the Israelites against their Midianite oppressors
o'Reb, the Rock, - the "raven's crag," the spot, east of Jordan, at which the Midianite chieftain Oreb with thousands of his countrymen, fell by the hand of the Ephraimites, and which probably acquired its name therefrom
Potiphar - ” Egyptian captain of the guard who purchased Joseph from the Midianite traders (Genesis 37:36 ; Genesis 39:1 )
Gideon - Apostasy from Jahweh again resulted in their being oppressed, this time by the neighbouring Bedouin tribes, the Midianites and Amalekites. Disregarding details, the general outline of the history of Gideon is as follows:...
Introduction , Judges 6:1-10 : For seven years the Israelites suffered under the Midianite oppression; but on their ‘crying unto the Lord’ a prophet is sent, who declares unto them the reason of their present state, viz. ]'>[1] ...
The call of Gideon , Judges 6:11-14 : The ‘Angel of the Lord’ appears to Gideon and tells him that the Lord is with him, and that he is to free Israel from the Midianite invasion. ...
Gideon’s victory , Judges 7:23 Judges 7:23 , Judges 8:4-14 : Allegiance to Jahweh being thus publicly acknowledged, the Israelites are once more in a position to assert their political independence; so that when the Midianites again invade their land, Gideon raises an army against them, being moreover assured by the miracle of the dew on the fleece that he will be victorious. At the command of Jahweh again, he goes with his servant, Purah, down to the camp of the Midianites, where he is encouraged by overhearing a Midianite recounting a dream, which is interpreted by another Midianite as foreshadowing the victory of Gideon. On his return to his own camp Gideon divides his men into three companies; each man receives a torch, an earthen jar, and a horn; at a given sign, the horns are blown, the jars broken, and the burning torches exposed to view, with the result that the Midianites flee in terror. Gideon pursues them across the Jordan; he halts during the pursuit, both at Succoth and at Penuel, in order to refresh his three hundred followers; in each case food is refused him by the inhabitants; after threatening them with vengeance on his return, he presses on, overtakes the Midianite host, and is again victorious; he then first punishes the inhabitants of Succoth and Penuel, and next turns his attention to the Midianite chiefs, Zebah and Zalmunna. From this part of the narrative it would seem that Gideon’s attack upon the Midianites was, in part, undertaken owing to a blood-feud; for, on his finding out that the murderers of his brethren at Tabor were these two Midianite chiefs, he slays them in order to avenge his brethren. ...
The offer of the kingship , Judges 8:22-28 : On the Israelites offering to Gideon and his descendants the kingship, Gideon declines it on theocratic grounds, but asks instead for part of the gold from the spoil taken from the Midianites; of this he makes an image ( ephod ), which he sets up at Ophrah, and which becomes the cause of apostasy from Jahweh. ...
The section Judges 7:24 to Judges 8:3 is undoubtedly ancient; it tells of how the Ephraimites, at Gideon’s command, cut off part of the fugitive Midianite host under two of their chiefs, Oreb and Zeeb, whom the Ephraimites slew. This section is evidently a fragment of the original source, which presumably went on to detail what further action the Ephraimites took during the Midianite campaign; for that the Midianite oppression was brought to an end by this one battle it is impossible to believe
Collar - This word is used to translate various Hebrew words and may describe (1) the opening for the head in a garment (Exodus 28:32 NIV; Job 30:18 ; Psalm 133:2 NIV), (2) a decorative ornament around the necks of the Midianite Kings (NRSV) or their camels ( Judges 8:26 ; see Proverbs 1:9 ; Song of Song of Solomon 4:9 ), (3) stocks or a pillory used to restrain a person (Jeremiah 29:26 NRSV, NAS), and (4) a shackle of iron placed around the neck of a prisoner ( Psalm 105:18 NRSV, REB, TEV)
Gideon - ...
Gideon was given the task of delivering the Israelites from the Midianites and Amalekites, desert nomads who repeatedly raided the country. The remaining 300 were given pitchers, torches, and trumpets, and placed around the Midianite encampment. They took flight, their leaders were killed, and the Midianite oppression was brought to an end. He angrily punished Succoth and Penuel for not helping in his war against the Midianite kings (Judges 8:1-17 ). See Camel ; Judge; Midianites
Zebah - Man-killer, or sacrifice, one of the two kings who led the vast host of the Midianites who invaded the land of Israel, and over whom Gideon gained a great and decisive victory (Judges 8 ). Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon
Kenites - The name Kenites usually refers to that tribal group within the Midianite people to which Moses’ in-laws belonged. This group had apparently mingled with the ancient Kenite people (who were among the early inhabitants of Canaan) and so were referred to as both Kenites and Midianites (Genesis 15:19; Exodus 2:15-21; Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11)
Kadmonite - Job (Job 1:3 ), the camel-riding Midianite kings (Judges 8:10-12 ,Judges 8:10-12,8:21 ,Judges 8:21,8:26 ) and the wise men whose names have Arabian associations (1 Kings 4:30-31 ) are all described as sons of the east
Shittim - While at Shittim, they were blessed by Balaam (whom Balak had hired to curse Israel; Numbers 22-24 ; compare Micah 6:5 ), committed sin with the Moabite and Midianite women (Numbers 25:1 ), and Joshua was announced as Moses' successor (Deuteronomy 34:9 )
Kenites - A Midianite race, for Jethro the Kenite is called priest prince of Midian (Exodus 2:15-16; Exodus 4:19; Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11). The latter were of Midianite origin, sprung from Abraham and Keturah, occupying the region E. The Canaanite Kenites Balaam denounces; or else more probably Balaam's prophecy is "Kain (the Midianite Kenites) shall not be exterminated until Asshur shall carry him away into captivity" (Keil). ...
The connection of Midian and the Kenites appears in the name Kenney still attached to a wady in the midst of the Muzeiny or Midianites
Zimri - Leader of tribe of Simeon slain by Phinehas for bringing Midianite woman into the wilderness camp (Numbers 25:1 )
Prince - ) KJV used prince as a title for Israel's king ( 1 Samuel 13:14 ), a leading priest (1 Chronicles 12:27 ), a Midianite tribal chief (Numbers 25:18 ), the leading men of a city or province (Genesis 34:2 ; 1 Kings 20:15 ; Jeremiah 34:19 ), and for rulers in general (Matthew 20:25 ; 1Corinthians 2:6,1 Corinthians 2:8 )
Nethinim - Some of the Midianite captives were also given to the Levites
Nethinim - Moses assigned Midianite prisoners of war to the priests (32 servants; Numbers 31:28 ,Numbers 31:28,31:40 ) and the Levites (320 servants; Numbers 31:30 ,Numbers 31:30,31:47 )
Balaam - A Midianite prophet who resided at Pethor, son of Beor or Bosor
Jethro - This passage says that Raguel, the Midianite, was the father of HOBAB, the father-in-law of Moses (see also Judges 4:11 ), so that in Exodus 2:18 'father' may signify 'grandfather
Kenites - Jethro, or Raguel, Moses' father-in-law, is called a Kenite, Judges 1:16 , and is also called a Midianite. The Midianites sprung from Midian, the son of Abraham and Keturah, Genesis 25:2 ; so these Kenites were probably a branch of the Midianites
Kenites - He is called a "Midianite" (Numbers 10:29 ), and hence it is concluded that the Midianites and the Kenites were the same tribe
Famine - The famine in Ruth 1:1 was probably owing to the Midianite devastation of the land (Judges 6), so severe in the Holy Land that Elimelech had to emigrate to Moab, and Naomi his widow returned not until ten years had elapsed
Baal Peor - Yet in the rites of this deity the Moabite and Midianite women seduced the Israelites to join
Hobab - ]'>[2] ) speaks of ‘Hobab the son of Reuel the Midianite Moses’ father-in-law’ ( hôthçn ). A Mohammedan tradition identifies Sho’ aib (perhaps a corruption of Hobab), a prophet sent to the Midianites, with Moses’ father-in-law
Dream - So the Midianite (Judges 7:13), Pilate's wife (Matthew 27:19)
Kenites - From the story of Jethro, who is expressly said to be a Midianite, they appear to have retained the worship of the true God among them; for which, and their kindness to the Israelites when passing their country, they were spared in the general destruction of the nations bordering on Canaan
Gideon - Fifth of the judges of Israel, called by the angel of the Lord to deliver Israel from the seven years' yoke of the Midianite hosts, which like swarming locusts consumed all their produce except what they could hide in caves and holes (Judges 6:2; Judges 6:5-6; Judges 6:11). Gideon at the first revelation was knocking out (habat ) with a stick wheat in the winepress, sunk in the ground or hewn in the rock to make it safe from the Midianites; for he did not dare to thresh upon an open floor or hardened area in the open field, but like poor gleaners (Ruth 2:17) knocked out the little grain with a stick. The address, "Jehovah is with thee thou mighty man," seemed to Gideon, ruminating on the Midianite oppression which his occupation was a proof of, in ironical and sad contrast with facts. "Angel of Jehovah," but manifested as JEHOVAH) replied, "Go in this thy might (the might now given thee by ME, Isaiah 40:29), and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites; have not I sent thee?" Then followed the requested "sign," the Angel of the Lord with the end of the staff in His hand consuming with fire Gideon's "offering" (minchah ), not a strict sacrifice but a sacrificial gift), the kid and unleavened cakes (compare Genesis 18, the theophany to Abraham very similar). Then followed Gideon's going with Phurah his servant into the Midianite host, and hearing the Midianite's dream of a barley cake overturning the tent, that being poor men's food, so symbolizing despised Israel, the "tent" symbolizing Midian's nomadic life of freedom and power. The Moabite stone shows how similar to Hebrew was the language of Moab, and the same similarity to the Midianite tongue appears from Gideon understanding them. the pitchers (a type of the gospel light in earthen vessels, 2 Corinthians 4:6-7), suddenly flash on the foe, and to cry "the sword of Jehovah and of Gideon," and to stand without moving round about the Midianite camp. A mutual slaughter arose from panic among the Midianites (a type of Christ's final overthrow of antichrist, Isaiah 9:4-7), each trumpet holder seeming to have a company at his back. Gideon requested Ephraim to intercept the fleeing Midianites at the waters of Bethbarah and Jordan, namely, at the tributary streams which they would have to cross to reach the Jordan. The Midianite host fled to Bethshittah (the modern village Shatta), in Zererath (a district connected with Zerthan or Zeretan, a name still appearing in Ain Zahrah, three miles W. Meantime Gideon, having cleared the Bethshan valley of Midianites, crossed at the southern end of Succoth (now Makhathet Abu Sus), and continued the pursuit along the eastern bank. ...
The Midianites followed the right bank S. Gideon's victory over self was still greater than that over Midian; by a soft answer he turned aside Ephraim's proud and unreasonable wrath at his not summoning them at the first: "is not the gleaning of grapes of Ephraim (their subsequent victory over the fleeing Midianites) better than the vintage of Abiezer?" than my first victory over them (Isaiah 10:26; Proverbs 15:1; Proverbs 16:32). Of 120,000 Midianites only 15,000 survived
Eleazar - ...
With Moses he superintended the census (Numbers 26:3), inaugurated Joshua whom Moses set before him (for Joshua was in this inferior to Moses, who had direct intercourse with God; Joshua must ask divine counsel through the high priest), and divided the Midianite spoil (Numbers 27:22; Numbers 31:21)
Phinehas - By his zeal in avenging the Lord's cause on the Simeonitc prince Zimri, and Cosbi his Midianite paramour, Phinehas turned away Jehovah's wrath, making an atonement for Israel, and was given Jehovah's covenant of peace, an everlasting priesthood (Numbers 25; Psalms 106:30-31)
Dreams - The Midianites gave credit to dreams, as appears from that which a Midianite related to his companion; and from whose interpretation Gideon took a happy omen, Judges 7:13 ; Judges 7:15
Rechabites - They appear to have sprung from Midian, the son of Abraham by Keturah, Genesis 25:2 ; for Jethro, from whom they are descended, is called a Midianite, Numbers 10:23
Nethinim - To the Levites 320 of the Midianite captives were given, and 32 to the priests ( Numbers 31:40; Numbers 31:42; Numbers 31:47)
Gideon - Among the enemies that attacked Israel during the time of the judges were the Midianites. Gideon’s faith was greatly strengthened when he discovered, by secretly visiting the enemy’s camp, that the Midianites were in the grip of an unnatural fear (Judges 7:9-15). ...
When the Midianites were awoken in the middle of the night by a terrifying noise and found themselves surrounded by Israelite soldiers, panic broke out. Some of the Midianites unknowingly attacked each other in the confusion, and others fled in fear. ...
Upon discovering that the Midianite kings had escaped across the Jordan, Gideon set out after them
Moab - of Arnon which Moab had just lost to Sihon, and which Israel in turn had wrested from him, and with its main force had descended from the upper level to the Shittim plains, the Arboth Moab, in the Jordan valley, when Balak, alarmed for his already diminished territory, induced the Midianite "elders" to join him and hired Balak; virtually, though never actually, "warring against Israel" (Joshua 24:9; Judges 11:25). Balak (contrast, "the former king of Moab," Numbers 21:26) was probably not hereditary king but a Midianite; the Midianites taking advantage of Moab's weakness after Sihon's victories to impose a Midianite king. Zippor ("bird"), his father, reminds us of other Midianite names, Oreb "crow," Zeeb "wolf"; Sihon may have imposed him on Moab
Midian - So, by Jehovah's command, 1,000 warriors of every tribe, 12,000 in all, of Israel "vexed and smote" their five kings (Zur included, father of Cozbi the Midianite woman slain with Zimri by Phinehas in the act of sin) and Balaam the giver of the wicked counsel which brought Jehovah's wrath on Israel for the sin (Numbers 31:2-17)
Amulets And Charms - ]'>[2] ), and the ‘crescents and pendants’ worn by the Midianite chiefs and hung from the necks of their camels ( Judges 8:21 ; Judges 8:26 RV Mines - ...
Tin is mentioned among Midianite spoils; doubtless obtained from Cornwall and Spain through the Phoenicians
Judah - Kenites, commonly supposed to be of Midianite origin, we are told in Judges 1:16 , also went up from Jericho with Judah into the Wilderness
Aaron - ) We are not told if this was a wife in addition to Zipporah, or if Zipporah had died, or even if Zipporah—a Midianite—had Cushite connections
Balaam - " But then follows (Numbers 25) Israel's whoredom, not only with Moabite women but also with Midianite women, of whom Cozbi, daughter of Zur (slain by Phinehas. with Zimri her paramour), was principal; and in Numbers 31:8; Numbers 31:16, Israel's slaughter of the Midianites with their five kings (Zur was one), and also of Balaam, son of Beor, because of his "counsel. " Beside those kings that fell in battle, Israel slew five Midianite kings and executed Balaam judicially after the battle (Numbers 31:8). Dismissed by the Moabites in dissatisfaction, He suffered his mind to dwell on the honors and riches which he had lost by blessing Israel, and so instead of going home he turned to the Midianites, who were joined with Moab in the original application to him. They fell into his trap: but staying among the Midianites, who doubtless rewarded with mammon his hellish counsel which succeeded so fatally against Israel, he in turn fell into the righteous judgment executed by Moses and Israel on his guilty patrons, Israel's seducers
Jephthah - And such service was customary; for in the division of the spoils taken in the first Midianite war, of the whole number of captive virgins, "the Lord's tribute was thirty-two persons," Numbers 31:35-40 . " By this law the Midianite women, who had been spared in battle, were slain, Numbers 31:14-17
Jewels, Jewelry - The camels of the Midianite kings slain by Gideon wore crescents and decorated collars around their necks (Judges 8:21 ,Judges 8:21,8:26 )
Ornaments - The only men expressly mentioned as wearing them are Midianites ( Judges 8:24 ff. The ‘ chains ’ of Proverbs 1:9 , Song of Solomon 4:9 are clearly necklaces; the same word is used of the chains hung as amulets about the necks of the Midianite camels ( Judges 8:26 )
Bread - So mean and contemptible, in the estimation of the numerous and well-appointed armies of Midian, was Gideon, with his handful of undisciplined militia, that he seems to have been compared to bread of this inferior quality, which may account for the ready interpretation of the dream of the Midianite respecting him: "And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along
Names of God - ...
God of the Fathers Before Moses' encounter with God in the Midianite desert, God was known generally as the God of the Fathers
Census - The tribe of Simeon especially suffered a diminution of its numbers; probably owing to the plague which followed Zimri's sin with Cozbi the Midianite woman (Numbers 25:9-15; Numbers 26:51; Numbers 26:63-65; compare Numbers 11:21)
Marriage - " A man was at liberty to marry not only in the twelve tribes, but even out of them, provided it was among such nations as used circumcision; such were the Midianites, Ishmaelites, Edomites, Moabites, and Egyptians. Accordingly, we find Moses himself married to a Midianite, and Boaz to a Moabite
Arabia - From this time, that is, about five hundred and fifty years after the flood, we read only of Ishmaelites and Midianites as the shepherds and carriers of the deserts; who also appear to have been intermingled, and to have shared both the territory and the traffic, as the traders who bought Joseph are called by both names, and the same are probably referred to by Jeremiah , 25, as "the mingled people that dwell in the desert. The greater part of this division was more exclusively the possession of the Midianites, or land of Midian; where Moses, having fled from Egypt, married the daughter of Jethro, and spent forty years keeping the flocks of his father-in-law: no humiliating occupation in those days, and particularly in Midian, which was a land of shepherds; the whole people having no other way of life than that of rearing and tending their flocks, or in carrying the goods they received from the east and south into Phenicia and Egypt. The word flock, used here, must not convey the idea naturally entertained in our own country of sheep only, but, together with these or goats, horned cattle and camels, the most indispensable of animals to the Midianite. These articles, before the invention of shipping, or the establishment of a maritime intercourse, were conveyed across the deserts by the Cushite, Ishmaelite, and Midianite carriers. These circumstances are adverted to, to show how extensive was the communication, in which the Arabians formed the principal link: and that in the earliest ages of which we have any account, in those of Joseph, of Moses, of Isaiah, and of Ezekiel, "the mingled people" inhabiting the vast Arabian deserts, the Cushites, Ishmaelites, and Midianites, were the chief agents in that commercial intercourse which has, from the most remote period of antiquity, subsisted between the extreme east and west
Judges, the Book of - The Shasous in Egyptian monuments resemble in habits the Midianites and Amalekites (Judges 6-8). Thrice Jehovah threatened Israel with oppression for apostasy: at Bochim (Joshua 24:33), at the Midianite invasion (Judges 6:7-10), at the Ammonite and Philistine oppression (Judges 10:10-14)
Joseph - But it was only to kill him with a far worse death; for that morning Joseph was sold to the Midianite slave-dealers of Egypt for twenty pieces of silver
Tribes of Israel, the - Gideon defeated the Midianites with a small band of men (Judges 6-7 ). Apparently, the tribe of Naphtali provided forces during the conquest of the land (Judges 5:18 ) and during the Midianite threat (Judges 6:35 ; Judges 7:23 )
Moses - The alliance between Israel and the Kenite Midianites continued permanently. The same spirit prompted him to avenge his injured countryman, and to rescue the Midianite women from the shepherds' violence, as afterward led him to confront Pharaoh; but in the first instance he was an illustration of the truth that "the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God" (James 1:20)
Judges (1) - Of the last there are likewise two accounts ( Judges 6:1 to Judges 8:3 and Judges 8:4-27 ), with a later addition ( Judges 8:28-35 ); some introductory words ( Judges 6:1-10 ) tell of the Midianite oppression; Judges 6:11-24 describe the call of Gideon, of which a second account is given in Judges 6:25-32 ; the invasion of the Midianites and Gideon’s preparations to resist them ( Judges 6:33-35 ) follows; and in Judges 6:36-40 the story of the sign of the fleece is told. 7 gives a detailed account of Gideon’s victory over the Midianites, and Judges 8:1-3 contaios an appendix which tells of Ephraim’s dissatisfaction with Gideon for not summoning them to repel the Midianites, and the skilful way in which Gideon pacifies them
Joseph - Ishmaelite or Midianite merchants from Gilead, with spicery, balm, and myrrh (gum ladanum), for Egypt, the land of embalming the dead (Genesis 50:2-3), passed by; and Judah, type of Judas, proposes the new plan of selling their brother for 20 pieces of silver (Leviticus 27:5) to the strangers (compare Matthew 20:19; Luke 18:32; Luke 20:20, the Jews delivering Jesus to the Gentile Romans). " The Midianites sold Joseph to Potiphar ("one devoted to the royal house"; phar ), an eunuch, i
Israel - ), it was Jethro, the Kenite or Midianite priest, who initiated them into the rite and mediated the covenant