What does Merom mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
מֵר֔וֹם the lake in northern Canaan at which Joshua routed the northern confederacy headed by Jabin. 1
מֵר֖וֹם the lake in northern Canaan at which Joshua routed the northern confederacy headed by Jabin. 1

Definitions Related to Merom


   1 the lake in northern Canaan at which Joshua routed the northern confederacy headed by Jabin.
      1a site uncertain; probably the lake formed by the Jordan river about 10 miles (16 km) north of the Sea of Galilee.
      Additional Information: Merom = “high place”.

Frequency of Merom (original languages)

Frequency of Merom (English)


Easton's Bible Dictionary - Merom
Height, a lake in Northern Palestine through which the Jordan flows. It was the scene of the third and last great victory gained by Joshua over the Canaanites (Joshua 11:5-7 ). It is not again mentioned in Scripture. Its modern name is Bakrat el-Huleh. "The Ard el-Huleh, the centre of which the lake occupies, is a nearly level plain of 16 miles in length from north to south, and its breadth from east to west is from 7 to 8 miles. On the west it is walled in by the steep and lofty range of the hills of Kedesh-Naphtali; on the east it is bounded by the lower and more gradually ascending slopes of Bashan; on the north it is shut in by a line of hills hummocky and irregular in shape and of no great height, and stretching across from the mountains of Naphtali to the roots of Mount Hermon, which towers up at the north-eastern angle of the plain to a height of 10,000 feet. At its southern extremity the plain is similarly traversed by elevated and broken ground, through which, by deep and narrow clefts, the Jordan, after passing through Lake Huleh, makes its rapid descent to the Sea of Galilee." The lake is triangular in form, about 4 1/2 miles in length by 3 1/2 at its greatest breadth. Its surface Isaiah 7 feet above that of the Mediterranean. It is surrounded by a morass, which is thickly covered with canes and papyrus reeds, which are impenetrable. Macgregor with his canoe, the Rob Roy, was the first that ever, in modern times, sailed on its waters. (See JORDAN .)
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Merom, Waters of
Joshua 11:5. Lake Huleh or Samochonitis as Reland inferred from Josephus' statement (Ant. 5:5, section 1) that Hazor was above lake Samochonitis, presuming that the battle was at Hazor and that Samochonitis ("high") (Arabic samaca ), as Merom (marom ) means height, so that the waters were called "Me-Merom," the higher waters, the uppermost of the Jordan lakes; but Keil makes Merom now Meirom, a village visited by Jewish pilgrims because Hillel and Shammai, noted rabbis, were buried there, two hours' journey N.W. of Szafed, upon a rocky mountain at the foot of which is a spring forming a brook and stream. This reaches the lake Tiberias near Bethsaida, and constitutes "the waters of Merom," for Josephus (Ant. 5:1, section 18; B. J. 2:20, section 6; 3:3, section 1; Life 37) says, "these kings (under Jabin of Hazor) encamped at Berothe or Meroth, a city the western limit of upper Galilee, not far from Kedes." The Hebrew for "waters" is maim , not that for a large body of standing water (yam ).
Another objection to Reland's view is the difficulty of a flight and pursuit across a country so rugged and intersected with ravines as that between Huleh and Sidon. Beroth was art important military post, and so Joshua's victory would be about the plain of Akka, more suitable ground for the Canaanites to choose for their chariots to act in than the plain on the S.W. margin of Huleh, from which there was no escape possible. The pursuit to Sidon is then intelligible. However, Huleh is thought identical with Samochonitis and so with Merom. Huleh is the same as Ulatla, the region between Trachon and Galilee which Herod received from Caesar (Josephus Ant. 15:10, section 3); derived from Hul or Chul, son of Aram (Syria), Genesis 10:23 (Rosenmuler), from whence also came Coele-Syria (Michaelis). The Ard el Huleh is a verdant, picturesque, and fertile plain, 16 miles long from N. to S., eight miles from E. to W.
The spies of Dan truly characterized it "very good, a place where there is no want of anything that is in the earth" (Judges 18:9-10). On the W. is the range of hills of Kedesh Naphtali; on the E. are the lower slopes of Bashan; on the N. irregular low hills stretching from the mountains of Naphtali to snowy, double peaked Mount Hermon, which rises on the N.E. corner 10,000 ft. high; on the S. the plain is crossed by broken high grounds through which by deep ravines the Jordan after passing through lake Huleh (four miles and a half long by three broad) descends 700 ft. to the sea of Galilee. Morasses with impenetrable reeds and sedge (Macgregor discovered floating papyrus) fence the lake on the N.,W., and S. On the W. is the Ain Mellahah ("fountain of salt," though no salt taste is discernible now), a large spring which is one of the feeders of the lake, with a stream 40 ft. wide.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Merom
(mee' rahm) Place name meaning, “high place.” Place in Galilee where Joshua led Israel to defeat a coalition of Canaanite tribes under king Jabin of Hazor in a surprise attack (Joshua 11:1-7 ). The location of the site has been debated, but now appears to be the modern Merion. The town is near a wadi which is fed annually by a spring during the wet season. Thutmose III and Rameses II of Egypt claimed to have captured the area during their respective reigns.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Merom
Merom, Waters of (mç'rom), waters of the high place. A lake in northern Palestine, where Joshua won a victory. Joshua 11:5; Joshua 11:7. It is usually identified with the modern el-Huleh of the Arabs. Lake Huleh is eleven miles north of the Sea of Galilee.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Merom, the Waters of
MEROM, THE WATERS OF. The scene of Joshua’s victory over the northern kings; usually identified with Lake Huleh in the Upper Jordan Valley ( Joshua 11:5 ; Joshua 11:7 ). This identification is accepted by Robinson ( BRP [1] ii. 440), G. A. Smith ( HGHL [2] 1 , 481), and others. It is questioned by Socin (Baedeker’s Palästina ), Buhl ( GAP [3] ), and Guthe ( Bibelwörterbuch, s.v .), the last suggesting an impossible position near Meirôn , at the base of Jebel Jermuk . Joshua’s crowning victory would not be located by such ‘waters’ as are to be found there. The kings were encamped at Beroth, not far from Kadesh (Jos. [4] Ant . V. i. 18), but probably they descended, as did Demetrius at a later date ( Ant . XIII. v. 7), to battle in the plain, better suited than the rough uplands for the chariots on which they depended. There is nothing to wonder at in the disappearance of the ancient name, in a land where so many names have perished. It is almost certainly the lake Semechonitis of Ant . V. v. 1; the district to the N. was known as Ulatha ( Ant . XV. x. 3; BJ I. xx. 4). This is the first appearance of the modern name Ulatha = Hûleh which covers both the lake and the district. The water is supplied by the fountains of the Jordan at Hasbeiyeh, Bâniâs, and Tell el-Kâdi, by the springs at ‘Ain el-Balâta and ‘Ain el-Mellâha on the western side of the valley; Mt. Hermon and the neighbouring slopes also drain into the basin. In shape Baheiret el-Hûleh is almost triangular. It lies 7 ft. above sea-level. The open water is about four miles in length by about three miles at the broadest part. It is from 10 to 16 ft. in depth. To the N. stretch great breadths of marsh land, with dense thickets of papyrus reeds, through which, in various channels, the streams find their way to the lake. Water fowl of all kinds abound, and the place is a sort of fisherman’s paradise. The Ghawârineh Arabs occupy the valley, till the soil, tend the buffaloes, hunt, and fish. The hair tent is seldom seen: their ‘houses’ are ‘built’ of the papyrus reed.
W. Ewing.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Merom
Eminences; elevations
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Merom
Joshua 11:5. The word means waters.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Merom, Waters of (See Also Jordan, Lake of Huleh)
A lake in the north of Palestine. The lake was drained in 1957 to provide fertile agricultural land. It was connected with a large morass on its north side, in which there was an abundance of tall papyrus. The streams forming the Jordan flowed into this morass, and thence into the Merom waters. The open water was about four and a half miles from north to south and three and a half miles at its widest. It lay seven feet above sea level. This was where Joshua defeated the confederate kings of the north. Joshua 11:5-9 . Identified with Baheiret el Huleh, 33 4' N, 35 37 E.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Merom
WATERS OF, or lacus Samechonitis: the most northern and the smallest of the three lakes which are supplied by the waters of the Jordan. Indeed the numerous branches of this river, descending from the mountains, unite in this small piece of water; out of which issues the single stream which may be considered as the Jordan Proper. It is at present called the lake of Houle; and is situated in a hollow or valley, about twelve miles wide, called the Ard Houle, formed by the Djebel Heish on the west, Djebel Safat on the east, the two branches into which the mountains of Hasbeya, or Djebel Esheikh, the ancient Hermon, divides itself about fifteen miles to the north.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Merom
The "waters of Merom," Joshua 11:5 , or lake of Semechon, is the most northern of the three lakes supplied by the river Jordan. It is situated in the southern part of a valley formed by the two branches of Mount Hermon. The lake is now called after the valley, the lake of Huleh. The lake proper is four or five miles long, and perhaps four broad, tapering towards the south. It is very shallow, and a large part of it is covered with aquatic plants. Thousand of waterfowl sport on its surface, and its water abound in fish. On the north lies the plain of the Huleh, which is a dead level for a distance of six miles or more. Near the upper end of this, the three streams which form the Jordan unite. On the west side of the Jordan above the lake, a marsh extends up north as far as the junction of these streams, or even farther; while on the eastern side the land is tilled almost down to the lake. It is a splendid plain, and extremely fertile. All kinds of grain grow on it, with very little labor; and it still merits the praise accorded to it by the Danite spies; "We have seen the land; and behold, it is very good, .... a place where there is no want of anything that is in the earth," Judges 18:9,10 . Its rich soil is formed by deposit, and it seems to be partially submerged in the spring. Thus the lake and valley El-Huleh form an immense reservoir, and unite with the snows of Hermon to maintain the summer supplies of the Jordan. Near this lake Joshua defeated the kings of Northern Canaan, Joshua 11:1-8 .

Sentence search

Madon - A leading Canaanite city, whose king Jobab was killed at Merom with Jabiu's confederates (Joshua 11:1; Joshua 12:19)
Zaanaim - The plain, or the oak where Heber the Kenite pitched his tent, Judges 4:11, some 2 or 3 miles northwest of the Waters of Merom (Lake Huleh
Merom - Merom, Waters of (mç'rom), waters of the high place
Kedesh - A city of refuge, in Naphtali; now Kedis, three miles northwest of lake Merom, Joshua 19:37 ; 20:7
Misrephoth Maim - To this place, somewhere near Sidon, Joshua pursued the kings whom he conquered at the waters of Merom (Joshua 11:8; Joshua 13:6)
Lakes - See Merom
Merom, Waters of - 5:5, section 1) that Hazor was above lake Samochonitis, presuming that the battle was at Hazor and that Samochonitis ("high") (Arabic samaca ), as Merom (marom ) means height, so that the waters were called "Me-Merom," the higher waters, the uppermost of the Jordan lakes; but Keil makes Merom now Meirom, a village visited by Jewish pilgrims because Hillel and Shammai, noted rabbis, were buried there, two hours' journey N. This reaches the lake Tiberias near Bethsaida, and constitutes "the waters of Merom," for Josephus ( Merom
Kedesh - Now it is a small village, Kades, ten miles north of Safed and four miles northwest of Merom, beautifully situated on a high ridge jutting out in the depressed basin through which the Jordan flows to the Sea of Merom
ja'Bin - (Joshua 11:1-3 ) Joshua surprised the allied forces by the waters of Merom, ver
Abelbethmaachah - Meadow of the house of Maachah; a town in the tribe of Naphtali, north of lake Merom
za-Ana'im - Kedesh-naphtali, the name of which still lingers on the high ground north of Safed and two or three miles west of the lake of el-Huleh (waters of Merom)
Jabneel - Its later name was Kefr Yemmah, "the village by the sea," on the south shore of Lake Merom
Jabin - He and his allies were utterly defeated in a battle with Joshua at Merom, the city of Hazor was taken, and Jabin put to death
Har'Osheth - (workmanship ) "of the Gentiles" so called from the mixed races that inhabited it --a city in the north of the land of Canaan, supposed to have stood on the west coast of the lake Merom from which the Jordan issues forth in one unbroken stream
Misrephoth-Maim - From the Waters of Merom the defeated Canaanites fled to Great Zidon, and unto Misrephoth-maim ( Joshua 11:8 )
Merom, Waters of (See Also Jordan, Lake of Huleh) - The streams forming the Jordan flowed into this morass, and thence into the Merom waters
Hazor - It lay not far from Lake Merom
Jabin - A Canaanite king who reigned in Hazor, a place near the Waters of Merom, not far from Kedesh
Harosheth of the Gentiles - of the lake Merom (El Huleh), from which the Jordan passes in an undivided stream. Joshua (Joshua 11:6; Joshua 11:10) had 150 years before routed the confederate kings of northern Canaan, headed by Jabin I, at the waters of Merom, the first occasion of Israel's having to encounter "chariots and horses
Laish - It is identified with the ruin Tell-el-Kady, "the mound of the judge," to the north of the Waters of Merom (Joshua 11:5 )
Lakum - Wilton "the circuit"), may imply, Naphtali possessed the entire basin, shut in by mountains, which contained the upper Jordan and lakes Merom and Tiberius
Zaanaim - Wanderings; the unloading of tents, so called probably from the fact of nomads in tents encamping amid the cities and villages of that region, a place in the north-west of Lake Merom, near Kedesh, in Naphtali
Laish (2) - ) Laish being near its haunt, the wooded slopes of Bashan, Hermon, and Lebanon, and the jungles of Lake Merom (see Deuteronomy 33:22, "Dan
Paper - The most extensive papyrus growths now known are in the marshes at the northern end of the lake of Merom
ha'Zor - (Joshua 12:19 ) on the high ground overlooking the Lake of Merom
Jabin - Leader of northern coalition of kings who attacked Joshua at the water of Merom and met their death (compare Joshua 12:19-24 )
me'Rom - ( Joshua 11:5,7 ) It is a remarkable fact that though by common consent "the waters of Merom" are identified with the lake thorough which the Jordan runs between Banias and the Sea of Galilee --the Bahr el-Huleh of the modern Arabs-- Yet that identity cannot be proved by any ancient record
Chariots - The Canaanites whom Joshua engaged at the waters of Merom had horsemen, and a multitude of chariots
Hazor - , which are much nearer the waters of Merom
ke'Desh - (2 Kings 15:29 ) It is identified with the village Kades , which lies four miles to the northwest of the upper part of the Sea of Merom
Lily, - One of great beauty grows near the Merom waters, and is called the Huleh-lily
ja'el - ) In the headlong rout which followed the defeat of the Canaanites by Barak, at Megiddo on the plain of Esdraelon, Sisera, their general, fled to the tent of the Kenite chieftainess, at Kedesh in Naphtali, four miles northwest of Lake Merom
Plough - See cut in Merom
Jabin - This great battle, fought at Lake Merom, was the last of Joshua's battles of which we have any record
Jabin - King of Hazor in northern Palestine, near the Merom waters
Kedesh - Kedesh Naphtali is now Kades at the western edge of Huleh, the marshy basin through which Jordan passes into the sea of Merom, from which Kedesh lies N
Abel-Beth-Maacha - Probably Abel lay in the Ard el Huleh, the marshy land which the sea of Merom drains; perhaps at Abil (Robinson, 3:372), a village on the top of a little conical hill (Porter, Giant Cities of Bashan)
Hazor -
A stronghold of the Canaanites in the mountains north of Lake Merom (Joshua 11:1-5 )
Spies - They at once proceeded on their important errand, and went through the land as far north as the district round Lake Merom
Merom - The "waters of Merom," Joshua 11:5 , or lake of Semechon, is the most northern of the three lakes supplied by the river Jordan
Chariots of War - The Canaanites, whom Joshua engaged at the waters of Merom, had cavalry and a multitude of chariots, Joshua 11:4
Dan - It was originally called Laish, Judges 18:29; noted for idolatry, Judges 18:30; now called Tel-el-Kâdy, or "Mound of the Judge," three miles from Banias, north of the waters of Merom
Sheba - Sheba took refuge in Abel-Bethmaachah, a fortified town some miles north of Lake Merom
Naphtali, Tribe of - It lay in the north-eastern corner of the land, bounded on the east by the Jordan and the lakes of Merom and Galilee, and on the north it extended far into Coele-Syria, the valley between the two Lebanon ranges
Merom, the Waters of - Merom, THE WATERS OF
Gilgal - A place on the east border of Jericho ( Joshua 4:19 ), where the Israelites first encamped after crossing Jordan, and which remained the headquarters of the congregation till after the rout of the northern kings at Merom ( Joshua 14:6 )
Barak - Incited by Deborah the prophetess to deliver Israel from the yoke of Jabin II, king of northern Canaan, of which Hazor, on lake Merom (now Hulah), was the capital
Dead Sea - But terraces of alluvial deposits in the deep valley of the Jordan show that formerly one great lake extended from the Waters of Merom to the foot of the watershed in the Arabah
Reed - ...
The papyrus is not now found in Egypt; but it has for ages been on the margin of Lake Huleh or Merom and Lake Tiberius and in Syria
Kenites - In Judges 4:11 Heber the Kenite is mentioned as having separated himself from the main body of the tribe, and wandered northwards as far as the neighbourhood of Kedesh (near the Waters of Merom)
Jordan - The Jordan rises from several sources near Panium (Bâniâs), and passes through the lakes of Merom (Hûleh) and Gennesaret
Bashan - ...
The name "Gilead," connected with the history of the patriarch Jacob (Genesis 31:47-48), supplanted "Bashan," including Bashan as well as the region originally called "Gilead," After the return from Babylon Bashan was divided into...
(1) Gaulanitis or Jaulan, the most western, on the sea of Galilee, and lake Merom, and rising to a table land 3,000 ft
Jor'Dan - (Numbers 34:12 ) The Jordan rises from several sources near Panium (Banias ), and passes through the lakes of Merom ( Huleh ) and Gennesaret
Jordan - The three streams unite at Tel Dafneh, and flow sluggishly through marsh land into lake Merom (Huleh). The traditional site of Jacob's crossing Jordan (Jisr Benat Yacobe) at his first leaving Beersheba for Padan Aram is a mile and a half from Merom, and six from the sea of Galilee; in those six its descent with roaring cataracts over the basaltic rocks is 1,050 ft. ) Between Merom and lake Tiberias the banks are so thickly wooded as often to shut out the view of the water
Naphtali - 3:3, section 2), and lake Merom (Huleh)
Canaan - The lake of Tiberias or Sea of Galilee, and lake Merom. This river, passing through lake Merom and the sea of Galilee, flows south with innumerable windings into the Dead sea
Jordan - After this it flows, "with a swift current and a much-twisted course," through a marshy plain for some 6 miles, when it falls into the Lake Huleh, "the waters of Merom" (q
Ebal - and Gilgal to Merom waters in the far N
Galilee - Eastward it was limited by the Jordan and the western bank of its expansions (the Sea of Galilee and Waters of Merom)
Jordan - But besides these, there is a third and longer stream, which rises beyond the northern limit of Palestine, near Hasbeia on the west side of mount Hermon, flows twenty-four miles to the south, and unites with the other streams before they enter the "waters of Merom," now lake Huleh, the Jordan flows about nine miles south-ward to the sea of Tiberias, through which its clear and smooth course may be traced twelve miles to the lower end
Sea - SEA or WATERS OF Merom. See Merom
Conquest of Canaan - Joshua made a surprise attack upon them at the waters of Merom, utterly defeating his foe (Joshua 11:1-15 )
Absalom - of Palestine, near lake Merom
Joshua - ), and to the victory at the Waters of Merom ( Joshua 11:1-9 [8]). He concluded the conquest of the South ( Joshua 10:28-43 ) and the victory at Merom ( Joshua 5:13 ), with a summary of the result; and he added a review of the entire conquest in ch
Sea, the Salt - The depression continuing, the heat and the consequent evaporation increased, until there remained only the present three lakes, Merom, Galilee, and the Dead Sea which depends on evaporation alone for maintaining its level
Peraea - 104–78), who brought the country from Lake Merom to the Dead Sea completely under his control (Josephus Ant
Jordan - Their commingled waters flow on across a dismal marsh of papyrus, and, after seven miles, empty into Lake Huleh, which is identified by some with ‘the waters of Merom’ ( Joshua 11:5 ; Joshua 11:7 )
Palesti'na - In its upper and shallower portion, as between Banias and the lake of Merom ( Huleh ), it is about five miles across. Between the lake of Merom and the Sea or Galilee it contracts, and becomes more of an ordinary ravine or glen
Galilee (2) - These were (1) the bridge about half-way between Merom and the Sea of Galilee, now called the ‘Bridge of Jacob’s Daughters
Galilee - There are the two lakes already mentioned-Huleh, 3½ miles long by 3 miles wide (the Samechonitis of Josephus, but probably not the Waters of Merom of Joshua 11:5; Joshua 11:7 Joshua - to Kadesh Barnea and Gaza, then the northern confederated kings under Jabin, at Merom, and the country even unto Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon under Mount Hermon and unto "great Zidon
Canaan - ...
The Jordan, rising in the slopes of Hermon, spreads out in the waters of Merom 126 feet above the level of the ocean; after ten miles' swift descent it enters the sea of Chinneroth, 650 feet below the ocean
Israel - ]'>[1] in Joshua 11:1 ; 1618528086_33 tells us that in a great battle by the Waters of Merom (wh
Joram - Its traditional identification with ‘the waters of Merom’ (Joshua 11:5; Joshua 11:7) must be regarded with caution (cf
Palestine - Hermon is the one great mountain which Anti-Lebanon rises to, standing off to the south, and detached from the continuous range by the deep-cut gorge of the Abana, but sending on the ridge again unbroken, though rugged in outline, past the Sea of Merom on the eastern side, to the shores of the Sea of Galilee