What does Menahem mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
מְנַחֵ֨ם son of Gadi and king of the northern kingdom of Israel; slew the usurper Shallum to ascend the throne and reigned for ten years; contemporary with prophets Hosea and Amos. 3
מְנַחֵ֖ם son of Gadi and king of the northern kingdom of Israel; slew the usurper Shallum to ascend the throne and reigned for ten years; contemporary with prophets Hosea and Amos. 2
מְ֠נַחֵם son of Gadi and king of the northern kingdom of Israel; slew the usurper Shallum to ascend the throne and reigned for ten years; contemporary with prophets Hosea and Amos. 1
מְנַחֵם֙ son of Gadi and king of the northern kingdom of Israel; slew the usurper Shallum to ascend the throne and reigned for ten years; contemporary with prophets Hosea and Amos. 1
מְנַחֵ֧ם son of Gadi and king of the northern kingdom of Israel; slew the usurper Shallum to ascend the throne and reigned for ten years; contemporary with prophets Hosea and Amos. 1

Definitions Related to Menahem

H4505


   1 son of Gadi and king of the northern kingdom of Israel; slew the usurper Shallum to ascend the throne and reigned for ten years; contemporary with prophets Hosea and Amos.
   Additional Information: Menahem = “comforter”.
   

Frequency of Menahem (original languages)

Frequency of Menahem (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Menahem
Conforting, the son of Gadi, and successor of Shallum, king of Israel, whom he slew. After a reign of about ten years (B.C. 771-760) he died, leaving the throne to his son Pekahiah. His reign was one of cruelty and oppression (2 Kings 15:14-22 ). During his reign, Pul (q.v.), king of Assyria, came with a powerful force against Israel, but was induced to retire by a gift from Menahem of 1,000 talents of silver.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Menahem
Son of Gadi. Slew Shallum, and seized the throne of Israel, 772 B.C.; reigned ten years. The words (2 Kings 15:14; 2 Kings 15:16) "from Tirzah" imply that Menahem was a general under Zechariah, stationed at Tirzah (now Tallusa), and that he marched thence with some troops to Samaria, and avenged his master's murder by Shallum. He then, proceeding "from Tirzah" (2 Kings 15:16) where Israel's main army was posted, smote Tiphsach (Thapsacus on the Euphrates), Israel's northeastern border city under Solomon (1 Kings 4:24), restored by Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:25; 2 Kings 14:28), but having probably revolted again during the anarchy at his death. Situated on the western bank of the Euphrates on the great trade road from Egypt, Syria, and Phoenicia to Mesopotamia, it was important for Menahem to secure it.
With savage cruelty, "because they opened not to him," and to strike terror into all opponents, Menahem "smote it and ripped up the women with child," copying the unscrupulous Syrian Hazael's cruelty (2 Kings 8:12). In religion "he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam who made Israel to sin." Hosea and Amos depict Israel's demoralization at the time. In his reign first appear the Assyrians as invaders of Israel from the N.E. under Palestine. Menahem, at the cost of 1,000 talents of silver (400,000 British pounds, reckoning the silver talent 400 British pounds), induced him to "confirm the kingdom in his hand." By exacting 50 shekels a head from 60,000 wealthy men of Israel, Menahem raised the money. The name Pal appears in an Assyrian inscription as "Phallukha," who took tribute from "the house of Omri" (Beth Khumri), i.e. Samaria. Tiglath Pileser II, the first monarch of the new dynasty, mentions Menahem in another inscription. Menahem died in peace; Pekahiah his son succeeded him.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Menahem
(mehn' uh hehm) Personal name meaning, “consoler.” King of Israel 752-742 B.C. Menahem became king by assassinating Shallum, who had killed King Zechariah only a month earlier (2 Kings 15:10-14 ). The period following the death of Jeroboam II in 753 B.C. was filled with turmoil. Several political factions fought for control. Shallum and Menahem each led an extremist party which sought the throne. They ruled by force. After becoming king, Menahem attacked and destroyed one of Israel's cities because it resisted his rule (2 Kings 15:16 ). He ruled at least ten years in Samaria. A significant event recorded about his reign is that he paid tribute to Tiglath-pileser III, the king of Assyria. This is the first mention of the Assyrian monarch in the biblical record. See Tiglath-pileser . It is possible that Menahem obtained the throne of Israel with Tiglath-pileser's help. In any event, Menahem was little more than a puppet of the Assyrians during his reign. He was succeeded by his son, Pekahiah.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Menahem
Few Israelite kings were as ruthless in achieving their ambitions as Menahem. In 752 BC he seized the throne by murdering the previous king, then smashed any opposition to his rule with the most brutal cruelty (2 Kings 15:14; 2 Kings 15:16). He survived for ten years, but only by buying the protection of Assyria. This policy was not only economically costly to Israel, but it also opened the way for eventual conquest by Assyria (2 Kings 15:17; 2 Kings 15:19-20).
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Menahem
Menahem (mĕn'a-hĕm), consoler. A king of Samaria. His reign, which lasted ten years, b.c. 771-760, was distinguished for cruelty and oppression. 2 Kings 15:14-20.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Menahem,
MENAHEM , one of the latest kings of Israel, was a usurper, like so many other monarchs in this period. He and Shallum planned to seize the throne about the same time ( 2 Kings 15:13 f.), Shallum having possession of Samaria, while Menahem commanded the ancient fortress and former capital, Tirzah. War raged for a brief time with unusual ferocity, resulting in the defeat of Shallum. Menahem seems not to have felt secure on the throne, and to have purchased the help of Assyria by paying a heavy tribute to Tiglath-pileser (called Pul in 2 Kings 15:19 ). Or we may suppose the Assyrians to have invaded the country because it was so weakened by civil war that it could no longer make effective resistance. The tribute was a thousand talents of silver, and it was raised by a direct tax on the holders of landed property. The assessment of sixty shekels each shows that there were sixty thousand proprietors in Israel at this time. From the Assyrian sources we learn that this tribute was paid in the year 738 b.c.
It is interesting to note that in the literature of Judaism Menahem (= ‘Comforter’) is a title of the Messiah.
H. P. Smith.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Menahem
Comforter; who conducts them; preparation of heat
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Menahem
Son of Gadi: he conspired and slew Shallum king of Israel, and reigned in his stead. He was a cruel and idolatrous ruler. To avert an Assyrian invasion he paid a thousand talents of silver, which he exacted from the people. He reigned ten years, B.C. 772-761. 2 Kings 15:14-23 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Menahem
The sixteenth king of Israel, previously general of the army of Zachariah. He was at Tirzah when he heard of his master's murder; and immediately marching against Shallum, who had shut himself up in Samaria, he captured and slew him, and them ascended the throne. He reigned in Samaria ten years, 771-760 B. C., and was a tyrannical and cruel idolater. Pul, king of Assyria, having invaded Israel during the reign of Menahem, obliged him to pay a tribute of a thousand talents, which Menahem raised by a tax on all his rich subjects of fifty shekels a head. He seems to have died a natural death; but his son and successor Pekahiah reigned only two years, and was the last of the dynasty, 2 Kings 15:13-22 . The name of Menahem is found on the Assyrian tablets recently discovered.

Sentence search

Gadi - Father of Menahem. (See Menahem
Menahem - Menahem became king by assassinating Shallum, who had killed King Zechariah only a month earlier (2 Kings 15:10-14 ). Shallum and Menahem each led an extremist party which sought the throne. After becoming king, Menahem attacked and destroyed one of Israel's cities because it resisted his rule (2 Kings 15:16 ). It is possible that Menahem obtained the throne of Israel with Tiglath-pileser's help. In any event, Menahem was little more than a puppet of the Assyrians during his reign
Menahem - The words (2 Kings 15:14; 2 Kings 15:16) "from Tirzah" imply that Menahem was a general under Zechariah, stationed at Tirzah (now Tallusa), and that he marched thence with some troops to Samaria, and avenged his master's murder by Shallum. Situated on the western bank of the Euphrates on the great trade road from Egypt, Syria, and Phoenicia to Mesopotamia, it was important for Menahem to secure it. ...
With savage cruelty, "because they opened not to him," and to strike terror into all opponents, Menahem "smote it and ripped up the women with child," copying the unscrupulous Syrian Hazael's cruelty (2 Kings 8:12). Menahem, at the cost of 1,000 talents of silver (400,000 British pounds, reckoning the silver talent 400 British pounds), induced him to "confirm the kingdom in his hand. " By exacting 50 shekels a head from 60,000 wealthy men of Israel, Menahem raised the money. Tiglath Pileser II, the first monarch of the new dynasty, mentions Menahem in another inscription. Menahem died in peace; Pekahiah his son succeeded him
ga'di - A Gadite, father of Menahem a king of Israel
Gadi - Father of Menahem king of Israel ( 2 Kings 15:14 ; 2 Kings 15:17 )
Gadi - Father of Menahem who killed Shallum, and reigned as king of Israel
Pekahiah - Son of Menahem
Menahem - Pul, king of Assyria, having invaded Israel during the reign of Menahem, obliged him to pay a tribute of a thousand talents, which Menahem raised by a tax on all his rich subjects of fifty shekels a head. The name of Menahem is found on the Assyrian tablets recently discovered
Menahem, - Menahem , one of the latest kings of Israel, was a usurper, like so many other monarchs in this period. ), Shallum having possession of Samaria, while Menahem commanded the ancient fortress and former capital, Tirzah. Menahem seems not to have felt secure on the throne, and to have purchased the help of Assyria by paying a heavy tribute to Tiglath-pileser (called Pul in 2 Kings 15:19 ). ...
It is interesting to note that in the literature of Judaism Menahem (= ‘Comforter’) is a title of the Messiah
Menahem - Menahem (mĕn'a-hĕm), consoler
Gadi - Father of Menahem, king of Israel (752-742 B
Shallum - He usurped the crown, but was slain by Menahem at the end of the first month of his reign, b
Pekahiah - Son and successor of Menahem king of Israel, was a wicked prince, and reigned but two years
Pekah - Pekah appeared to be the leader in Gilead during Menahem's reign but surrendered control there when Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria confirmed Menahem's rule. Pekah then was given a high office in the army, and the coup followed shortly after Pekahiah succeeded Menahem. See Menahem
Pekahiah - The son of Menahem, king of Israel
Pul - Pul (pŭl), lord? The first king of Assyria who invaded Canaan, and by a present of 1000 talents of silver, equivalent to nearly $2,000,000 in our day, was prevailed on by Menahem to withdraw his troops and recognize the title of that wicked usurper
Pekahiah - The Lord opened his eyes, the son and successor of Menahem on the throne of Israel
Pekahiah - PEKAHIAH , son of Menahem, was king of Israel for a short time in the troubled period which preceded the fall of Samaria
Men'Ahem - Menahem reigned B
Menahem - ), king of Assyria, came with a powerful force against Israel, but was induced to retire by a gift from Menahem of 1,000 talents of silver
Pekahiah - He succeeded his father, Menahem, as a vassal of the Assyrian throne (2 Kings 15:23 )
Menahem - Few Israelite kings were as ruthless in achieving their ambitions as Menahem
Shallum - He held it only one month, when Menahem son of Gadi killed him in Samaria
Tirzah - It is also mentioned in the reign of Menahem, b
Tiphsah - Menahem undertook an expedition against this city, and "smote Tiphsah and all that were therein" (2 Kings 15:16 )
Tiphsah - City smitten by Menahem
Tirza - Here Zimri perished amid the flames of the palace to which in his despair he had set fire (1 Kings 16:18 ), and here Menahem smote Shallum (2 Kings 15:14,16 )
Jareb - " The Israelite Menahem subsidized Pul (2 Kings 15:19)
Manaen - (man' uh ehn) Greek form of Menahem (“Comforter”); the name of a prophet and teacher in the early church at Antioch (Acts 13:1 )
Manaen - MANAEN (= Menahem)
Pekah - The Israelite kings Menahem and Pekahiah had survived only by buying protection from Assyria
Pekah - In the Assyrian inscription Menahem is mentioned as the king of Israel whom Tiglath Pileser subdued; possibly a mistake of the engraver, confusing Pekah with the king whom Pal reduced to be tributary. (See Menahem
Shallum - He assassinated Zechariah and was, in turn, assassinated by Menahem a month later (2 Kings 15:10-15 )
Pul - King of Assyria who invaded Israel in the reign of Menahem, who gave him 1,000 talents of silver to confirm the kingdom to him
Tirzah (2) - Menahem who smote Shallum "went up from Tirzah" (2 Kings 15:14; 2 Kings 15:16), but when reigning made Samaria his capital
Tiphsah - Menahem king of Israel smote it and all its coasts (2 Kings 15:16)
Shallum - Slain after a month's reign by Menahem, illustrating the retributive law (Matthew 26:52; Revelation 13:10)
Table of Kings And Prophets in Israel And Judah - ...
772...
Menahem,...
761...
Pekahiah,...
759...
Pekah,...
758...
Jotham,...
Isaiah
Manaen - Menahem, consoler (2 Kings 15:17)
Shal'Lum - Shallum, after reigning in Samaria for a month only, was in his turn dethroned and killed by Menahem
Ananias - When Menahem besieged Jerusalem Ananias took refuge in an aqueduct, but was dragged forth and killed by the daggers of the assassins
Shallum - Menahem rose up against Shallum and put him to death (2 Kings 15:14,15,17 ), and became king in his stead
Shallum - As he assassinated his predecessor Zechariah, so in turn he was ‘removed’ by his successor Menahem ( 2 Kings 15:10 ff
Shallum - Son of Jabesh: he slew Zachariah king of Israel, and reigned in his stead; but after one month he was killed by Menahem, who succeeded him on the throne
Pul (2) - When Menahem neglected to apply for "confirmation in his kingdom," on ascending the throne of Israel, to the Assyrian king, his lord paramount (for the black obelisk shows that Jehu paid tribute to Shalmaneser as early as 884 B. Menahem's smiting Tiphsah (1 Chronicles 5:16) or Thapsacus was a direct attack on the Assyrian dominion W
Tribute - Menahem of Israel (2 Kings 15:19 ) and Ahaz of Judah (2 Kings 16:7-9 ) rendered tribute to Tiglath-pileser III (Pul) for different reasons
Rezin - enumerates the articles paid him in tribute by Ra-sun-nu of Damascus and Menahem of Israel (b. Pekah , one of Menahem’s successors, joined Rezin in the attempt to throw off the yoke
Captivities of the Jews - ) upon Menahem
Assyria - Pul, king of Assyria, invaded Israel in the reign of Menahem
Comfort, Comforter, Comfortless - " "Comforter" or "Consoler" corresponds to the name "Menahem," given by the Hebrews to the Messiah
Manaen (2) - MANAEN (Μαναήν, Acts 13:1 = Menahem, מְנַחֵם, ‘comforter,’ 2 Kings 15:14 etc. 4), Menahem was to be one of the titles of the Messiah, and indeed it became so (see 1 John 2:1 παράκλητος, used in Job 16:2 Sennacherib - The kings of Palestine mentioned as submitting to Sennacherib are Menahem of Samaria, Tubal of Sidon, Kemosh Natbi of Moab, etc
Tiglath Pileser - ) The Assyrian inscriptions mention that Menahem of Samaria (probably about 743 B
Advocate - Singularly enough, the Greek-speaking Fathers mostly took the word in the impossible sense of ‘Comforter,’ influenced perhaps by the false analogy of Menahem ( Consolator ), a Jewish name for the Messiah
Taxes - A tribute of fifty shekels a head had to be paid by Menahem to the Assyrian king, (2 Kings 16:20 ) and under his successor Hoshea this assumed the form of an annual tribute
Judas the Galilaean - 2), and the third, Menahem (also a ‘Sophist’-a word indicating a propagandist as well as a revolutionist), became a leader of the extreme radicals during the first period of the war with Rome
War - Abimelech and Menahem acted with the cruelty of usurpers (Judges 9:45; 2 Kings 15:16)
Assyria - 738, in the reign of Menahem, king of Israel, Pul invaded Israel, and imposed on it a heavy tribute (2 Kings 15:19 )
Assur - He first brought Assyria into contact with Israelite history by making Menahem his tributary vassal (2 Kings 15:19). In the inscriptions mention is made of Menahem of Syria paying him tribute, also Jahuhazi (Ahaz), of Judah, and of his setting Hoshea on the Israelite throne on Pekah's death. feudatories, rendering homage and tribute to the great monarch; as Menahem (2 Kings 15:19), Hoshea (2 Kings 17:4), Ahaz (2 Kings 16:8), Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:14), Manasseh (2 Chronicles 33:11); and ready therefore at the first opportunity, whether the king's death or some Assyrian disaster or the promise of some antagonistic ally, to revolt
Hosea, Book of - 2 Kings 15:8-26 ; factions favouring appeal to Egypt and Assyria respectively, Hosea 5:13 , Hosea 7:11 , Hosea 8:9 , Hosea 12:1 ), and probably in particular to the payment of tribute by Menahem to Tiglath-pileser [2], which took place in b
Captivity - ) imposed a tribute on Menahem of a thousand talents of silver (2 Kings 15:19,20 ; 1 Chronicles 5:26 ) (B
Israel, Kingdom of - An unsuccessful usurper, Shallum, is followed by the cruel Menahem, who, being unable to make head against the first attack of Assyria under Pul, became the agent of that monarch for the oppressive taxation of his subjects
Assyr'ia, as'Shur, - Afterwards followed Pul, who invaded Israel in the reign of Menahem ( 2 Kings 15:29 ) about B
Tiglath-Pileser - Rost suggests that Azrian or Izrian (Azariah) of Judah played some part in this expedition, and among those who gave tribute was Menahem of Samaria ( 2 Kings 15:19 )
Assyria - "...
The history of Assyria, deduced from Scripture, and acknowledged as the only authentic one by Sir Isaac Newton and many others, ascribes the foundation of the monarchy to Pul, or Phul, about the second year of Menahem, king of Israel, twenty-four years before the aera of Nabonassar, 1579 years after the flood, and, according to Blair, 769, or, according to Newton, 790, years before Christ. Menahem, having taken forcible possession of the throne of Israel by the murder of Shallum, 2 Kings 15:10 , was attacked by Pul, but prevented the hostilities meditated against him by presenting the invader with a thousand talents of silver
Herod - " So Josephus says: "an Essene, Menahem, foretold when Herod was a boy he should be king. Accordingly when he was in full power he sent for Menahem and inquired of him how long he should reign. Menahem did not define the time, but in answer to Herod's question whether ten years or not, replied, Yes 20, nay 30 years" ( Sanhedrim - ) Hillel had Menahem for his associate in the presidency of the sanhedrim
Chronology of the Biblical Period - ...
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY...
Periods of History...
Critical...
Traditional...
Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)...
1700-1500...
2000...
Exodus...
1290...
1450...
Conquest...
1250...
1400...
Judges...
1200-1025...
1360-1025...
Kings...
...
...
Kings of United Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Saul...
1025-1005...
1020-1004...
David...
1005-965...
1004-965...
Solomon...
965-925...
965-931...
Kings of the Divided Kingdom...
Judah...
Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Rehoboam...
...
924-907...
931-913...
...
Jeroboam...
924-903...
926-909...
Abijam (Abijah)...
...
907-906...
913-910...
Asa...
...
905-874...
910-869...
...
Nadab...
903-902...
909-908...
...
Baasha...
902-886...
908-886...
...
Elah...
886-885...
886-885...
...
Zimri...
885...
885...
...
(Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )...
885-881...
885-880...
...
Omri...
885-873...
885-874...
Jehoshaphat...
...
874-850...
873-848...
...
Ahab...
873-851...
874-853...
...
Ahaziah...
851-849...
853-852...
Jehoram (Joram)...
...
850-843...
853-841...
...
Jehoram...
849-843...
852-841...
Ahaziah...
...
843...
841...
Athaliah...
...
843-837...
841-835...
...
Jehu...
843-816...
841-814...
Joash (Jehoash)...
...
837-796...
835-796...
...
Jehoahaz...
816-800...
814-798...
Amaziah...
...
798-767...
796-767...
...
Joash (Jehoash)...
800-785...
798-782...
Uzziah (Azariah)...
...
791-740...
792-740...
...
Jeroboam II...
785-745...
793-753...
Jotham...
...
750-742...
750-732...
...
Zechariah...
745...
753-752...
...
Shallum...
745...
752...
...
Menahem...
745-736...
752-742...
Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)...
...
742-727...
735-715...
...
Pekahiah...
736-735...
742-740...
...
Pekah...
735-732...
752-732...
...
Hoshea...
732-723...
732-723...
Hezekiah...
...
727-698...
715-686...
...
Fall of Samaria ...
722 ...
723/722 ...
Manasseh...
...
697-642...
696-642...
Amon...
...
642-640...
642-640...
Josiah...
...
639-606...
640-609...
Jehoahaz II...
...
609...
609...
Jehoiakim...
...
608-598...
609-597...
Jehoiachin...
...
598-597...
597...
Zedekiah...
...
597-586...
597-586...
Fall of Jerusalem ...
...
586 ...
586 ...
BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE...
Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel...
597...
Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon...
586...
Gedaliah set over Judea...
58...
Gedaliah assassinated...
581 (?)...
Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt...
581 (?)...
Judeans deported to Babylon...
581...
Cyrus, king of Persia...
559-530...
Babylon captured...
539...
Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel...
538...
Temple restoration begun but quickly halted...
538...
Cambysses, king of Persia...
530-522...
Darius, king of Persia...
522-486...
Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple...
520-515...
Temple completed and rededicated...
515...
Xerxes, king of Persia...
486-465...
Artaxerxes I, king of Persia...
465-424...
Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law...
458...
Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls...
445...
NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
King - The king was commander in chief, supreme judge, and imposer of taxes (Menahem, 2 Kings 15:19-20; Jehoiakim, 2 Kings 23:35) and levies of men (1 Kings 5:13-15)
Scribes - ) is the best representative of the scribes; Menahem (probably the Essene Manaen: Josephus Nin'Eveh - " Assyria is first called a kingdom in the time of Menahem, about B
Nineveh - Under him "Menahem" appears in inscriptions, and "tribute from the house of Omri" i
Assyria, History And Religion of - ...
As Tiglath-pileser, also called Pul, arrived on the coast of Phoenicia, Menahem of Israel (2 Kings 15:19 ) and Rezin of Aram-Damascus brought tribute and became vassals of Assyria
Isaiah - He was contemporary with the last five kings of Israel: Menahem, Pekahiah, Pekah, and Hosea
Kings, the Books of - The names of Omri, Mesha, Jehu, Menahem, Hoshea, Hezekiah, are deciphered in inscriptions of campaigns of Tiglath Pileser, Sargon, Sennacherib, and Esarhaddon
Hellenism - ...
(b) Palestine itself, the native soil of Judaism, came under the political and cultural influence of the Ptolemys of Egypt and the Seleucids of Syria, and this influence became so strong that we find the religious leaders of the Jewish people, the priestly aristocracy, calling their sons by Greek names (Menelaus [2] or Jason [3]), and making them practise athletics according to the Greek usage