What does Mary mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
μαριὰμ Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 20
μαρία Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 12
μαρίας Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 7
μαριάμ Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 6
μαρίᾳ Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 1
μαρίαν Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 1
μαριάν Mary the mother of Jesus. / Mary Magdalene 1

Definitions Related to Mary

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   1 Mary the mother of Jesus.
   2 Mary Magdalene, a women from Magdala.
   3 Mary, the sister of Lazarus and Martha.
   4 Mary of Cleophas the mother of James the less.
   5 Mary the mother of John Mark, a sister of Barnabas.
   6 Mary, a Roman Christian who is greeted by Paul in Rom. 16:6.
               Additional Information: Mary or Miriam = “their rebellion”.
               

Frequency of Mary (original languages)

Frequency of Mary (English)

Dictionary

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary of Cleophas
Mary of Cleophas or (See CLOPAS; ALPHAEUS; JAMES.) In John 19:25, "there stood by Jesus' cross His mother, and His mother's sister Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene." In Mark 15:40, "Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James the Little and of Joses, and Salome." In Matthew 27:56, "Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children" (i.e. Salome). Thus "Mary of Cleophas" is the same as "Mary of James the Little and of Joses," and was sister of the Virgin Mary. The names of the two sisters being alike may be explained by the fact that many manuscripts distinguish the Virgin Mary as Mariam, Mary of Cleophas and the other Mary's as Maria (as we distinguish Mary and Maria); it was a favorite name for mother's to give to children, from the famous Miriam, Moses' sister.
Mary was probably the Virgin's older sister or half-sister; she married Cleophas and by him had four sons, James (the apostle), Joses ("Joseph" Vaticanus manuscript, "John" Sinaiticus manuscript), Jude (the apostle), and Simon, and three daughters. She is first named at the cross, again in the evening of the same day "sitting over against the sepulchre" with Mary Magdalene (Matthew 27:61), having previously "beheld where He was laid" (Mark 15:47). She, with the women which came with Jesus from Galilee, "prepared spices and ointments" on the sabbath eve (Luke 23:55-56), and when the sabbath was past "came to see the sepulchre" (Matthew 28:1) and "to anoint Him" with the "sweet spices they had bought" (Mark 16:1), and then "saw the vision of angels which said He was alive" (Luke 24:23).
Cleopus being mentioned only to designate Mary and James implies he was dead when Jesus' ministry began. Joseph too was dead, for he is never mentioned after Luke 2. The widowed sisters then joined in the one house at Nazareth, and their children came to be regarded as "brethren" (Matthew 12:47; Matthew 13:55-56), there and at Capernaum (John 2:12). Her retiring disposition may be the cause of the non-mention of" Mary of Cleophas" until the crucifixion. Her sons were certainly older than Jesus, else they would not have dared to interfere with Him by force (Mark 3:21). John, by our Lord's direction, took His Virgin mother at the crucifixion to his own home in Jerusalem. Further residence with nephews who had so misunderstood her divine Son would have been less congenial to the bereaved virgin mother than residence with the beloved disciple.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Also known as Nativité di Maria Vergine
Memorial September 8,
About the Feast Probably originated after the Council of Ephesus in 431, which established her right to the title of "Mother of God." It was first mentioned in a hymn composed by Saint Romanus, an ecclesiastical lyrist of the Greek Church; adopted by the Roman Church in the 17th century.
Patronage Alzano Scrivia, Italy
Belfiore, Italy
Belforte Monferrato, Italy
Bergamasco, Italy
Casasco, Italy
chefs
Citta Invicta, Malta
coffee house keepers
coffee house owners
cooks
distillers
drapers
fish dealers
fishmongers
Fornalutx, Spain
Fresonara, Italy
gold workers
goldsmiths
Loreto, Italy
needle makers
pin makers
potters
restauranteurs
Senglea, Malta
silk workers
silver workers
silversmiths
tile makers
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions.
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1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feast of the
Also known as Nativité di Maria Vergine
Memorial September 8,
About the Feast Probably originated after the Council of Ephesus in 431, which established her right to the title of "Mother of God." It was first mentioned in a hymn composed by Saint Romanus, an ecclesiastical lyrist of the Greek Church; adopted by the Roman Church in the 17th century.
Patronage Alzano Scrivia, Italy
Belfiore, Italy
Belforte Monferrato, Italy
Bergamasco, Italy
Casasco, Italy
chefs
Citta Invicta, Malta
coffee house keepers
coffee house owners
cooks
distillers
drapers
fish dealers
fishmongers
Fornalutx, Spain
Fresonara, Italy
gold workers
goldsmiths
Loreto, Italy
needle makers
pin makers
potters
restauranteurs
Senglea, Malta
silk workers
silver workers
silversmiths
tile makers
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions.
Translate español | français | deutsch | italiano | português
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Little Office of Blessed Virgin Mary
A form of prayer in honor of the Blessed Virgin, in structure resembling the Divine Office and consisting of the same elements, but in a shortened form. In origin it is a monastic practise, generally attributed to Saint Peter Damian (11th century). In the 12th century it became a supplement of the Roman Breviary and was frequently recited. It was modified by Pius V in the 16th century and, instead of a supplementary office, became the office of the day for certain Saturdays, for those bound to the recitation of the Roman Breviary. The Little Office, as distinct from the Office of the Blessed Virgin for Saturdays, is recited in choir by many religious communities of women, and as a private devotional practise, its use is widespread.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Little Brothers of Mary
A non-ecclesiastic Catholic institution for the education of youth, founded, 1817, at Lavalla, France, by the Venerable Benedict Marcellin Champagnat, a seminarian associated with the Marist Fathers (Society of Mary). The constitution drawn up by the founder, was approved by the Holy See, 1863, and again in 1903,1922. In 24 provinces and 3 districts of world-wide distribution there are 8562 members and novices, and 575 schools. The superior-general resides at Saint Genis Laval, Rhone, France.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Joys of the Blessed Virgin Mary
A pious devotion to commemorate particular joyous events in the life of Our Blessed Lady. At first there were five occasions of her joy commemorated. Present practise commemorates seven: the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity of Christ, Adoration by the Magi, Finding in the Temple, Resurrection, and Assumption. Originating in the Middle Ages, this devotion was popular in old Catholic England. The Franciscans have propagated it through their Rosary or beads of the Seven Joys. There are several, minor feasts under this title, one on the Monday after Low Sunday.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Little Company of Mary
A religious order of sisters founded by Mother Mary Potter in Nottingham, England, 1877, for the gratuitous nursing of the sick poor. The order has 27 houses, including hospitals, convalescent homes, a sanitorium, a refuge for delinquent girls, and a poor house, in Italy, England, Ireland, Scotland, Malta, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States and South America. The mother-house is in Rome.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Devotion to the Pure Heart of Mary
A special phase of Christian devotion to the Mother of God. Devotion to the pure Heart of Mary was inspired by the love of that Heart for God and man, and also, from the desire to honor the Immaculate Heart which was a symbol of all that was purest and best, of all heroic virtue, of charity, of purity, of humility. Public devotion to the Heart of Mary was first promulgated by Saint John Eudes. founder of the Society of Jesus and Mary (Eudists). He had the feast celebrated at Autun in 1648, organized religious societies to promote this devotion, and composed an office for the feast. The devotion was given new impetus by the apparition of the miraculous medal and the establishment of the archconfraternity of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Refuge of Sinners, at Our Lady of Victories, Paris. The office and Mass were approved by the Congregation of Rites on July 21, 1855. The feast is celebrated on the Sunday after the octave of the Assumption.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Falling Asleep of Mary
A title in the Greek Church for the feast of the Assumption. Saint John Damascene entitles his homily on the Assumption "In Dormitionem Marire" (On the Falling Asleep of Mary). It was also the title of an early apocryphal work, "Transitus Mariæ," c.4thcentury, falsely attributed to Saint John the Evangelist, and describing the death of the Blessed Virgin. A work of this title was condemned by Pope Gelasius, 494.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Day of Mary Mother of God
A title still commonly used in Ireland and elsewhere for the feast of the Assumption, August 15,. "Day of Mary Mother of God" is the primitive title for the feast. The old Armenian calendar (5th century) carried it for the date corresponding to August 15, under the title of the "Annunciation of the Mother of God" referring to the decree of the Council of Ephesus (c.431) which declared as a dogma of faith that Mary was truly the Mother of God.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - John Baptist Mary Vianney, Saint
Confessor, Cure d'Ars, born Dardilly, near Lyons, France, 1786; died Ars, France, 1859. Overcoming the difficulties caused by a meager primary school education and defective talents, he was ordained in 1815 and sent for a time to Ecully. In 1818 he was made parish priest at Ars, a remote French hamlet, where his exercise of the sacred ministry, especially in the direction of souls, made him known throughout the Christian world. Persons of all ranks and conditions of life sought his advice and in 1855 the number of pilgrims to Ars had reached 20,000 a year. He led a life of extreme mortification and performed numerous miracles. Canonized, 1925. Feast, Roman Calendar, August 9,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jesus And Mary, Congregation
Ecclesiastical society founded in 1643, at Caen, France, by Saint John Eudes, for the education of priests in seminaries, and for the giving of missions. The society is not a religious order proper, but an ecclesiastical body under the immediate jurisdiction of the bishops. It is composed of priests, postulants, and lay-brothers. During the lifetime of Father Eudes the society established seminaries at Caen, Coutances, Lisieux, Rouen, Evreux, and Rennes. During the French Revolution, three Eudists, Fathers Hebert, Potier, and Lefranc, perished in Paris in the massacres of 1792, and the society was dispersed. Reestablished in 1826 by the surviving members, the order began to prosper in the latter half of the century. Too late to resume the direction of seminaries, the Eudists entered upon missionary work and secondary education in colleges. The "Law of Associations" (1906) ruined the establishments in France. Besides scholasticates in Belgium and Spain, the society conducts seminaries at Cartagena, Antioquia, Pamplona, and Panama, South America; and San Domingo, West Indies. In Canada they are entrusted with the Vicariate Apostolic of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, a seminary at Halifax, Nova Scotia, a college at Church Point, New Brunswick, etc. in France, where the majority still remain, the Eudists continue to preach missions and to take part in various other works. Statistics: 40 houses, and about 600 members.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Feast of the Holy Name of Mary
Feast of the entire, Latin Church, celebrated on the Sunday within the octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. It was first observed at Cuenca, Spain, 1513, then extended to the universal Church and assigned to its present place and rank by Innocent XI (1683) in thanksgiving to God and the Blessed Virgin for the liberation of Vienna and the signal victory over the Turks, September 12, 1683. It is the titular feast of the Society of Mary (Marianists) and of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Name of Mary
First mentioned in the Old Testament as the name of the sister of Moses. The name Mary has been given many meanings, for example: "the well-beloved," "the magnificent," "bitter," "star w the sea," "lady," "beautiful," "the perfect one." It was a favorite name among Jewish women in the time of Our Blessed Lady. It has always been honored among Catholics, and is one of the names in most general use. The Irish language has a special word, "Muire," which is never given to any Mary but the Mother of God.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Founded at Vich, Spain, 1849, by Saint Antonio Marta Claret; definitely approved, 1870, and again, 1924. The Congregation conducts missions in West Africa, Colombia, Bolivia, and Brazil, and they are established in the dioceses of Westminster and Brentwood, England.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jesus-Mary, Congregation of
Founded by Claudine Thevenet at Lyons, France, 1818, primarily for the education of girls. The congregation has 70 houses, including colleges, normal schools, boarding and day schools, orphanages, dispensaries, and guesthouses, in France, Spain, England, Ireland, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, India, Argentina, Canada, the United States, and Mexico. The mother-house is in Rome; the total number of religious Isaiah 1,600.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Institute of Mary
Founded by Mary Ward at Rome, 1633; reconstituted from her first congregation suppressed in 1630. Pioneers of the unenclosed orders for women, the founder and her companions met with little encouragement before Pope Clement XI approved their Rule, that of Saint Ignatius, in 1703, when they numbered six foundations. The work of the Institute is educational (primary, secondary, and university), principally for girls. Owing to the variety of names and the independence of branches and houses, the essential unity of the Institute is not readily recognized, e.g., the Irish branch of Loretto Nuns, founded from the York establishment in 1822, has its own mother-house at Rathfarnham and special constitutions approved by the Holy See. The several generalates into which the Institute has been split up are those of Bavaria, Austria, Mainz, Ireland, and Toronto (Canada). The institute has 228 houses, including training colleges, boarding and day schools, technical schools, an institute for the deaf and dumb, and orphanages in England, Ireland, Germany, Rumania, Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Spain, Africa, India, Australia, the United States, and Canada.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Founded by Mary Ward at Rome, 1633; reconstituted from her first congregation suppressed in 1630. Pioneers of the unenclosed orders for women, the founder and her companions met with little encouragement before Pope Clement XI approved their Rule, that of Saint Ignatius, in 1703, when they numbered six foundations. The work of the Institute is educational (primary, secondary, and university), principally for girls. Owing to the variety of names and the independence of branches and houses, the essential unity of the Institute is not readily recognized, e.g., the Irish branch of Loretto Nuns, founded from the York establishment in 1822, has its own mother-house at Rathfarnham and special constitutions approved by the Holy See. The several generalates into which the Institute has been split up are those of Bavaria, Austria, Mainz, Ireland, and Toronto (Canada). The institute has 228 houses, including training colleges, boarding and day schools, technical schools, an institute for the deaf and dumb, and orphanages in England, Ireland, Germany, Rumania, Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Spain, Africa, India, Australia, the United States, and Canada.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jesus And Mary Dominican Convent
Founded in Galway, Ireland 1647, removed to present position at Taylor's Hill, 1846. It is a boarding and day school for young ladies.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Libermann, Francis Mary Paul
Founder of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, born Saverne, Alsace, 1804; died Paris, France, 1852. The son of a Jewish rabbi, he was baptized at Paris, December 24, 1826, and entered Saint Sulpice, 1827. An attack of epilepsy delayed his ordination till September 18, 1841. Meanwhile his association with two creole seminarians had inspired him with the thought of establishing an institute for the conversion of negroes. After several years of prayer and patience, the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary was authorized at Rome and the novitiate opened at La Neuville near Amiens September 27, 1841. The missions in Africa, practically the first since the downfall of the early Church, have been crowned with success. In 1848 the institute was amalgamated with the revived Congregation of the Holy Ghost, which had a similar object, and Father Libermann was chosen superior general of the united societies.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Pallotti, Vincent Mary, Saint
Founder of the Pious Society of Missions (Pallottines; born Rome, Italy, 1798; died there, 1850. He devoted his life especially to the poor and penitents, and started the special observance at Rome of the Octave of the Epiphany. Canonized in 1963.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - lo! Mary is Exempt From Stain of Sin
Hymn for Vespers (II) on February 11, Feast of the Apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculate, composed by an unknown author. It has two translations. The English title given is by the Benedictines of Stanbrook.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Dear Husband of Mary! Dear Nurse of Her Child
Hymn written by Reverend F. W. Faber in the 19th century.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Daily, Daily, Sing to Mary
Hymn written by Saint Casimir in Latin and translated by Reverend F. W. Faber in the 19th century.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mother Mary! at Thine Altar
Hymn written in the 19th century by Reverend F. W. Faber.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Imbert, Lawrence Mary Joseph, Blessed
Martyr, Bishop of Korea, born Calais, 1797; died Korea, 1839. He entered the Foreign Mission Seminary at Paris, 1818, and was ordained a priest of the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, the following year. Selected for the Chinese mission, the Province Szechuan was the first scene of his apostolic labors. In 1836 he was consecrated Bishop of Korea, where he spent the remainder of his life with his two companions, Father Chastan and Father Maubant. These three devoted themselves entirely to the evangelization of the heathen until 1839, when they gave themselves up to the government, were cast into prison, and beheaded on September 21, of that year. Their bodies remained exposed for several days but were finally buried on Mountain Noku. Beatification, 1857. Feast, Jesuit calendar, June 10,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Order of Servants of Mary
Named the fifth mendicant order by Pope Martin V, it was founded in 1233 by
Saint Alexis Falconieri
Saint Bartholomew degli Amidei
Saint Benedict dell'Antella
Saint Buonfiglio Monaldi
Saint Gherardino Sostegni
Saint Hugh dei Lippi-Uguccioni
Saint John Buonagiunta Monetti
They were beatified on December 1, 1717 and canonized on 1887 as The Seven Holy Founders. On the Feast of the Assumption in 1240 the Founders received a vision of Our Lady. She held in her hand the black habit, and a nearby angel bore a scroll reading Servants of Mary Mary told them,
You will found a new order, and you will be my witnesses throughout the world. This is your name: Servants of Mary. This is your rule: that of Saint Augustine. And here is your distinctive sign: the black scapular, in memory of my sufferings.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Missionaries of the Company of Mary
Order founded by Blessed Louis Marie Grignion de Montfort, in 1705. It is composed of priests and lay-brothers, who strive to draw the faithful to Jesus Christ through devotion to the Blessed Virgin. From 1718 to 1781 the Montfortists, although few in number, gave over 430 missions. Debilitated by the Revolution, the community was reorganized by Father Deshayes, elected general in 1821. He received from Pope Leo XII a brief commending the company, and Father Dalin (1837-1855) obtained canonical approbation. Several establishments were made in France. Under Father Denis (1855-1877) the community acquired a seminary in the Diocese of Nantes, to prepare priests for Haiti. In 1880 a novitiate and a scholasticate were established in the Netherlands, and in 1883 a school was begun at Schimmert. The order arrived in Canada in 1883; two residences were founded in the Diocese of Brooklyn, one in 1903 and one in 1904; the Vicariate Apostolic of San Martino, Colombia, erected in 1903, was entrusted to the Montfortists; the Constitutions were approved in 1904; the congregation was divided into provinces; the Diocese of Port de Paix (Haiti) was taken over, and the French mission school was transferred to Romsey, England. See also,
Catholic-Hierarchy.Org
Montfort Missionaries - United States Province
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Religious order founded on January 25, 1816, at Aix, Provence, France, by Saint Charles Joseph Eugene de Mazenod, composed of priests and lay brothers. It was formed to repair the havoc caused by the French Revolution and its principal aim is the instruction and conversion of the poor; missions, retreats, and catechism courses, especially in rural parishes; the direction of seminaries, and the training of priests are its chief duties. In 1841 new fields of labor were opened to the Oblates. They established themselves in England, Canada, the United States, South America, South Africa, Asia, and Western Australia. The general administration was moved from Marseilles to Paris, 1861; the persecutions of 1902 obliged its removal to Liege, 1903, whence it was transferred to Rome, 1905. See also the order's web site.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Religious order founded on January 25, 1816, at Aix, Provence, France, by Saint Charles Joseph Eugene de Mazenod, composed of priests and lay brothers. It was formed to repair the havoc caused by the French Revolution and its principal aim is the instruction and conversion of the poor; missions, retreats, and catechism courses, especially in rural parishes; the direction of seminaries, and the training of priests are its chief duties. In 1841 new fields of labor were opened to the Oblates. They established themselves in England, Canada, the United States, South America, South Africa, Asia, and Western Australia. The general administration was moved from Marseilles to Paris, 1861; the persecutions of 1902 obliged its removal to Liege, 1903, whence it was transferred to Rome, 1905. See also the order's web site.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Feast of the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Second Sunday of October. Commemorates Mary's divine motherhood, her dignity as Mother of God, and refers also to her spiritual motherhood of men. It was first granted to Portugal, Brazil, and Algeria, 1751; it is now of almost universal observance. It is the patronal feast of the Trinitarians. Under this title Poland celebrates the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary "Queen of Poland."
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feast of the
Second Sunday of October. Commemorates Mary's divine motherhood, her dignity as Mother of God, and refers also to her spiritual motherhood of men. It was first granted to Portugal, Brazil, and Algeria, 1751; it is now of almost universal observance. It is the patronal feast of the Trinitarians. Under this title Poland celebrates the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary "Queen of Poland."
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Inner Life of Mary
The supernatural life which Mary led on earth, particularly her advancement in grace and wisdom, in her intimate union with Jesus, her Divine Son, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity. Saint Luke, in chapter 2, tells us Mary's manner of meditation, how she pondered on the words concerning Jesus and the words spoken by Jesus: "But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart," and "his mother kept all these words in her heart." The feast of the Inner Life of Mary is celebrated by the Sulpicians, October 19,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Children of Mary
The title given to confraternities of Our Lady established in schools of the Sisters of Charity in 1847, after the manifestation of the Miraculous Medal (1830); to sodalities founded in 1818 by Saint Madeleine Sophie Barat in the convents of the Religious of the Sacred Heart; and to various other societies of women and girls, some of which are affiliated with the Prima Prismaria (First Primary) of the Society of Jesus in Rome.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Margaret Mary Alacoque, Saint
Virgin, apostle of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, born Lhautecour, France, 1647; died Paray-Ie- Monial, 1690. From early childhood she was intensely devoted to the Blessed Sacrament. After four years suffering from paralysis she was miraculously cured by Our Lady. Having vowed to consecrate herself to the religious life, she entered the Visitation Convent at Paray, where she was distinguished for obedience, humility, and love of suffering. The visions of Christ, with which she had been favored in her youth, continued, and He made known to her that she was to be the apostle of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, charging her to reveal to mankind the favors in store for those practising it, and inspiring her to establish the Holy Hour and the custom of receiving Holy Communion on the first Friday of each month. Buried in the chapel of Paray. Canonized, 1920. Feast, October 17,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Chappuis, Mary de Sales
(1793-1875) A Visitandine nun, co-founder of the Oblates of Saint Francis de Sales, born Soyhieres, Berne, Switzerland; died Troyes, France. She sought zealously to promote a form of spirituality called "The Way," which met with opposition as well as favor.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mary
1. Mother of Mark. She is only mentioned as having a house at Jerusalem, in which a meeting for prayer was held when Peter was in prison. Acts 12:12 .
2. A Christian at Rome to whom Paul sent greetings: she had bestowed much labour on him and on others. Romans 16:6 .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Canticle of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Canticle beginning Magnificat anima mea Dominum (My soul doth magnify the Lord). One of the three "evangelical canticles," it is included in the Roman Breviary for Vespers daily throughout the year and is often sung on solemn occasions. It was recited by the Blessed Virgin on her visit to Elizabeth after the Angel Gabriel had announced that Mary was to become the mother of Christ (Luke 1). In style it resembles the Canticle of Anna (1 Kings 1-10).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Mary
Hebrew Miriam.
The wife of Joseph, the mother of Jesus, called the "Virgin Mary," though never so designated in Scripture (Matthew 2:11 ; Acts 1:14 ). Little is known of her personal history. Her genealogy is given in Luke 3 . She was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (Psalm 132:11 ; Luke 1:32 ). She was connected by marriage with Elisabeth, who was of the lineage of Aaron (Luke 1:36 ). While she resided at Nazareth with her parents, before she became the wife of Joseph, the angel Gabriel announced to her that she was to be the mother of the promised Messiah (Luke 1:35 ). After this she went to visit her cousin Elisabeth, who was living with her husband Zacharias (probably at Juttah, Joshua 15:55 ; 21:16 , in the neighbourhood of Maon), at a considerable distance, about 100 miles, from Nazareth. Immediately on entering the house she was saluted by Elisabeth as the mother of her Lord, and then forthwith gave utterance to her hymn of thanksgiving (Luke 1:46-56 ; Compare 1 Samuel 2:1-10 ). After three months Mary returned to Nazareth to her own home. Joseph was supernaturally made aware (Matthew 1:18-25 ) of her condition, and took her to his own home. Soon after this the decree of Augustus (Luke 2:1 ) required that they should proceed to Bethlehem (Micah 5:2 ), some 80 or 90 miles from Nazareth; and while they were there they found shelter in the inn or khan provided for strangers (Luke 2:6,7 ). But as the inn was crowded, Mary had to retire to a place among the cattle, and there she brought forth her son, who was called Jesus (Matthew 1:21 ), because he was to save his people from their sins. This was followed by the presentation in the temple, the flight into Egypt, and their return in the following year and residence at Nazareth (Matthew 2 ). There for thirty years Mary, the wife of Joseph the carpenter, resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her. During these years only one event in the history of Jesus is recorded, viz., his going up to Jerusalem when twelve years of age, and his being found among the doctors in the temple (Luke 2:41-52 ). Probably also during this period Joseph died, for he is not again mentioned.
After the commencement of our Lord's public ministry little notice is taken of Mary. She was present at the marriage in Cana. A year and a half after this we find her at Capernaum (Matthew 12:46,48,49 ), where Christ uttered the memorable words, "Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!" The next time we find her is at the cross along with her sister Mary, and Mary Magdalene, and Salome, and other women (John 19:26 ). From that hour John took her to his own abode. She was with the little company in the upper room after the Ascension (Acts 1:14 ). From this time she wholly disappears from public notice. The time and manner of her death are unknown.
Mary Magdalene, i.e., Mary of Magdala, a town on the western shore of the Lake of Tiberias. She is for the first time noticed in Luke 8:3 as one of the women who "ministered to Christ of their substance." Their motive was that of gratitude for deliverances he had wrought for them. Out of Mary were cast seven demons. Gratitude to her great Deliverer prompted her to become his follower. These women accompanied him also on his last journey to Jerusalem ( Matthew 27:55 ; Mark 15:41 ; Luke 23:55 ). They stood near the cross. There Mary remained till all was over, and the body was taken down and laid in Joseph's tomb. Again, in the earliest dawn of the first day of the week she, with Salome and Mary the mother of James (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:2 ), came to the sepulchre, bringing with them sweet spices, that they might anoint the body of Jesus. They found the sepulchre empty, but saw the "vision of angels" (Matthew 28:5 ). She hastens to tell Peter and John, who were probably living together at this time (John 20:1,2 ), and again immediately returns to the sepulchre. There she lingers thoughtfully, weeping at the door of the tomb. The risen Lord appears to her, but at first she knows him not. His utterance of her name "Mary" recalls her to consciousness, and she utters the joyful, reverent cry, "Rabboni." She would fain cling to him, but he forbids her, saying, "Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father." This is the last record regarding Mary of Magdala, who now returned to Jerusalem. The idea that this Mary was "the woman who was a sinner," or that she was unchaste, is altogether groundless.
Mary the sister of Lazarus is brought to our notice in connection with the visits of our Lord to Bethany. She is contrasted with her sister Martha, who was "cumbered about many things" while Jesus was their guest, while Mary had chosen "the good part." Her character also appears in connection with the death of her brother (John 11:20,31,33 ). On the occasion of our Lord's last visit to Bethany, Mary brought "a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus" as he reclined at table in the house of one Simon, who had been a leper (Matthew 26:6 ; Mark 14:3 ; John 12:2,3 ). This was an evidence of her overflowing love to the Lord. Nothing is known of her subsequent history. It would appear from this act of Mary's, and from the circumstance that they possessed a family vault (11:38), and that a large number of Jews from Jerusalem came to condole with them on the death of Lazarus (11:19), that this family at Bethany belonged to the wealthier class of the people. (See MARTHA .)
Mary the wife of Cleopas is mentioned ( John 19:25 ) as standing at the cross in company with Mary of Magdala and Mary the mother of Jesus. By comparing Matthew 27:56 and Mark 15:40 , we find that this Mary and "Mary the mother of James the little" are on and the same person, and that she was the sister of our Lord's mother. She was that "other Mary" who was present with Mary of Magdala at the burial of our Lord (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ); and she was one of those who went early in the morning of the first day of the week to anoint the body, and thus became one of the first witnesses of the resurrection (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 24:1 ).
Mary the mother of John Mark was one of the earliest of our Lord's disciples. She was the sister of Barnabas (Colossians 4:10 ), and joined with him in disposing of their land and giving the proceeds of the sale into the treasury of the Church (Acts 4:37 ; 12:12 ). Her house in Jerusalem was the common meeting-place for the disciples there.
A Christian at Rome who treated Paul with special kindness (Romans 16:6 ).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary, the Virgin
(See GENEALOGY OF JESUS CHRIST.) Probably Matthan of Matthew is Matthat of Luke, and Jacob and Heli were brothers; and Heli's son Joseph, and Jacob's daughter Mary, were first cousins. Joseph, as male heir of his uncle Jacob who had one only child Mary, would marry her according to the law (Numbers 36:8). Thus the genealogy of the inheritance or succession to David's throne (Matthew's) and that of natural descent (Luke's) would be primarily Joseph's, then Mary's also (Psalms 132:11; Luke 1:32; Romans 1:3). She was sister or half-sister to Mary (John 19:25), and related to Elisabeth who was of the tribe of Levi (Luke 1:36). (See MARY OF CLEOPHAS; ELISABETH.) In 5 B.C. (Luke 1:24, etc.) Mary was living at Nazareth, by this time betrothed to Joseph, when the angel Gabriel came from God to her in the sixth month of Elisabeth's pregnancy. (See GABRIEL.)
He came in no form of overwhelming majesty, but seemingly in human form, as is implied by the expression "he came in," also by the fact that what she was "troubled at" was not his presence but "his saying" (compare Daniel 10:18-19). "Hail thou that art highly favored" (kecharitomenee ) cannot mean as Rome teaches in her prayer to the Virgin, "Hail Mary full of grace"; that would be pleerees charitos as in John 1:14; the passive of the verb implies, as usually in verbs in -oo, she was made the object of God's grace, not a fountain from whence grace flows to others; as John 1:30 explains it, "thou hast found favor (charin ) with God"; so Ephesians 1:6, echaritoosen , "He hath graciously accepted us." "The Lord is (or, BE) with thee (John 19:26-27), blessed art thou among women"; not among gods and goddesses.
As Jael (Judges 5:24); "blessed" in "believing" (Luke 1:45), more than in conceiving Christ (Luke 8:19-21; Luke 11:27-28); compare her own practice, Luke 2:51; Matthew 12:49-50. "Her relationship as mother would not at all have profited Mary if she had not borne Christ more happily in the heart than in the flesh" (Augustine, Tom. 4, De Sanct. Virg.). In Luke 11:27-28, during His last journey, a month before His crucifixion (A.D. 30), upon a woman of the company exclaiming, "blessed is the womb that bore Thee, and the paps which Thou hast sucked," He said, "yea, rather (menounge ) blessed are they that hear the word of God and keep it"; the blessedness even of Mary is not her motherhood towards Him, but her hearing and obeying Him.
The Spirit's prescience of the abuse of the words Luke 1:28 appears in the precautions taken subsequently in the same Gospel to guard against such abuse. The Virgin's words (Luke 1:48) "all generations shall call me blessed" mean not, shall call me by that name, "the Blessed Virgin," but shall count me blessed, as in James 5:11 (the same Greek). The nations shall count JESUS, not the Virgin, the fountain of all blessedness (Psalms 72:17). When in "fear she cast in her mind what might the meaning of the salutation be," the angel reassured her by the promise, "behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb and bring forth a son, and shalt call His name Jesus.
He shall be great (not merely as John Baptist 'in the sight of the Lord,' Luke 1:15, but as the Lord Himself), and shall be called (i.e. shall be really what the name means) the Son of the Highest, and the Lord God shall give Him the throne of His father David (not merely His throne in heaven whereon David never sat, but on Zion, Jeremiah 3:17), and He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there shi all be no end." She asked, not incredulously as Zacharias (Luke 1:18), but in the simplicity of faith which sought instruction, taking for granted it shall be, only asking as to the manner, "how shall this be, seeing I know not a man?"
The angel therefore explained, "the Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee (as with a cloud, denoting the mildest, gentlest operation of the divine power, coveting, quickening, but not consuming: Mark 9:7), therefore also that Holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God" (from whence our creed saith, "He was conceived by the Holy Spirit," etc.; compare Genesis 1:2. "As the world was not created by the Holy Spirit, but by the Son, so the Son was not begotten by the Holy Spirit, but by the Father, and that before the worlds, Christ was made of the substance of the Virgin, not of the substance of the Holy Spirit, whose essence cannot be made. No more is attributed to the Spirit than what was necessary to cause the Virgin to perform the actions of a mother. And because the Holy Spirit did not beget Him by any communication of His essence, He is not the Father of Him." Pearson, Creed, 165-166.)
Gabriel instanced Elisabeth's being six months advanced in pregnancy, who once was barren, to confirm the Virgin's faith that "nothing is impossible with God" (Romans 4:17-21); she evinced her faith in the reply, "behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word," Her expression of humble, believing acceptance of and concurrence in the divine will (Luke 1:38; Luke 1:45) was required, and may be with reverence supposed to be recorded to mark the date of our Lord's conception. Mary then went in joyous haste to the hill country of Judah, to a city where Zacharias and Elisabeth lived, whether Jutta, (Joshua 21:13-16) a priests' city, or Hebron, S. of Jerusalem and much further S. of Nazareth in Galilee. On Mary's saluting Elisabeth the latter hailed her as "mother of her Lord," inasmuch as at her salutation "the babe leaped in her womb for joy," adding, in contrast to Zacharias whose unbelief had brought its own punishment," blessed is she that believed, for there shall be a performance of those things told her from the Lord."
Mary then under the Spirit uttered the hymn known as the "Magnificat," based on Hannah's hymn (1 Samuel 2:2). In it we see a spirit that drank deeply at the wells of Scripture, a humility that "magnified the Lord" not self, that "rejoiced" as a sinner in "her Savior" (disproving Rome's dogma of the immaculate conception), a lively sense of gratitude at the mighty favor which the Mighty One conferred on one so low, a privilege which countless Jewish mothers had desired (Daniel 11:37, "the desire of women"), and for which all generations should count ("call") her happy (makariousin , compare Genesis 30:13), and an exemplification of God's eternal principle of abusing "the proud and exalting them of low degree," and a realization of God's faithfulness to His promises "to Abraham of mercy and help to Israel forever." Mary stayed with her cousin three months, and just before John the Baptist's birth returned to her own house at Nazareth.
Then followed Joseph's discovery of the conception and his tender dealing with her, and reception of her by God's command (Matthew 1), as being the virgin foretold who should bring forth Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14; Jeremiah 31:22). (See JOSEPH.) Augustus' decree (Luke 2) obliged them to go to Bethlehem, God thereby causing His prophecy (Micah 5:2) to be fulfilled, Mary there giving birth to the Savior. The shepherds' account of the angels caused wonder to others, "but Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart"; so again Luke 2:51, not superficial, but reflective and thoughtfully devout. The law regarded her as unclean until the presentation 40 days after the birth (Leviticus 12). Then she was bound to offer a lamb of the first year for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon or turtle dove for a sin offering, to make atonement for her poverty compelled her to substitute for the lamb a pigeon or turtle dove.
Simeon's hymn followed, at the close of which he foretold, "a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also, that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed"; the anguish of her Son should pierce the mother's heart, and be a testing probation of character to her as well as to all others (John 9:39; John 19:25; Psalms 42:10); that she had misgivings and doubts is implied in her accompanying His brethren afterward, as if enthusiasm was carrying Him too far (Matthew 12:46; Mark 3:21; Mark 3:31-35; John 7:5). The flight to Egypt followed; then the return, at first designed to be back to Bethlehem, but through fear of Archelaus to Nazareth of Galilee, their former home.
Then the visit to Jerusalem when Jesus was 12 years old. Had she remembered aright the divine Sonship of Jesus announced by Gabriel, she would have understood His lingering in the temple, and have forborne the complaint, "Son, why hast Thou thus dealt with us? Thy father and I have sought Thee sorrowing." Still maternal solicitude and human love prompted her words, of which the only fault was her losing sight of His divine relations. She and Joseph (who is never after mentioned) "understood not Jesus' sayings, but Mary kept them all in her heart." Four times only does Mary come to view subsequently.
(1) At the marriage of Cana (John 2), in the three months between Christ's baptism and the Passover of A.D. 27. As at the finding in the temple He disclaimed Joseph's authority as His father in the highest sense, cf6 "wist ye not (thou Mary and Joseph) that I must be about My (divine) Father's business", so here He disclaims her right as human mother to dictate His divine acts, "they have no wine." cf6 "Woman, what have I to do with thee?" (what is there (in common) to Me and thee?) a rebuke though a gentle one, as in Matthew 8:29; Mark 1:24; 1 Kings 17:18. Mary, when reproved, meekly" saith to the servants, Whatsoever He saith unto you, do it" (2 Chronicles 25:9). The Christian's allegiance is solely to Him, not to her also: a prescient forewarning of the Holy Spirit against mediaeval and modern Mariolatry.
(2) Capernaum next was her home (John 2:12). Two Passovers had elapsed since the marriage in Cana, and He had twice made the circuit of Galilee. Crowds so thronged Him that lie had no time even "to eat bread." Mary dud His brethren, anxious for His safety, and fearing He would destroy Himself with self denying zeal, stood outside of the crowds surrounding Him and "sought to speak with Him, and to lay hold on Him, for they said He is beside Himself" (Mark 3:21; Mark 3:31-35). Again He denies any authority of earthly relatives, or any privilege from relationship, cf6 "who is My mother or My brethren?" and looking round on those sitting about Him, cf6 "behold My mother and My brethren," for" whosoever shall do the will of My Father which is in heaven the same is My brother, sister, and mother" (Matthew 12:50).
(3) Shortly before three o'clock and His giving up the ghost, He once more recognizes His human relationship to her, which He had during His ministry put in the background, that His higher relationship might stand prominent; for "now that which she brought forth was dying" (Augustine). Commending her to John He said to her, cf6 "woman, behold thy son", and to John cf6 "behold thy mother". John (Judges 6:12) immediately "from that hour took her to his own home," so that she was spared the pang of witnessing His death. "He needed no helper in redeeming all; He gave human affection to His mother, but sought no help of man" (Augustine).
(4) She is last mentioned Acts 1:14, "Mary the mother of Jesus" (not "of God") was one of the women who continued with one accord in prayer and supplication for the Holy Spirit before Pentecost. In all the epistles her name never once occurs. Plainly Scripture negatives the superhuman powers which Rome assigns her. In the ten recorded appearances of the risen Savior in the 40 days, not one was especially to Mary. John doubtless cherished her with the tender love which he preeminently could give and she most needed. It is remarkable how with prescient caution she never is put forward during Christ's ministry or after His departure. Meek (John 2:5), and humble, making her model the holy women of old (Luke 1:46), yielding herself in implicit faith up to the divine will though ignorant how it was to be accomplished (Luke 1:38), energetic (Luke 1:39), thankful (Luke 1:48), and piously reflective (Luke 2:19; Luke 2:51), though not faultless, she was the most tender and lovable of women, yet a woman still.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary, Sister of Lazarus
(See MARTHA; LAZARUS.) Still, sedate, reflective, as Martha was bustling and energetic. She had whole hearted decision for Christ, and no want of energy where her Master called, arising "quickly" when Martha announced the Master's arrival and call (John 11:28-29). But ordinarily she was receptive rather than active (Luke 10:39-42), hearing Jesus rather than speaking for Him; her grief for Lazarus was deeper but less demonstrative. The friends who saw her suddenly start up from sitting, and who knew her strong feelings, said "she goeth unto the grave to weep there" (John 11:31). When "Martha, as soon as she heard Jesus was coming, went and met Him, Mary remained sitting in the house" (John 11:20). Her faith had been lacking when, like Martha, but without her addition of expression of faith in Christ and the resurrection, Mary said as one who had trusted His love and power, and who cannot understand why then He had allowed her brother to die, "Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died" (John 11:21-27; John 11:32).
But Martha, when she came into Jesus' presence, could at once enter into discourse with Him; Mary, when she saw Him, "fell down at His feet." It was the sight of Mary's tears which drew forth His; Jesus conversed with Martha, "wept" with Mary (John 11:23; John 11:33; John 11:35), In John 12:3 she more than makes up for her previous distrust. She too could "serve" and with a higher service than Martha's. She had been heretofore recipient only; now she is lavishly communicative. She brings forth the precious ointment, "kept" treasured for the occasion (John 12:7). She anoints the Savior for burial; rising above the Jews' expectation of an immediately reigning Messiah, she is not offended at His crucifixion, burial, and rising again on the third day (Matthew 26:10-12).
When Judas and the disciples, led by him, objected to the waste of ointment worth 300 pence (about 9 British pounds and 16 shillings) which might have been given to the poor, Jesus vindicated and richly rewarded her: cf6 "why trouble ye the woman? let alone, she hath wrought a good work on Me, she hath done what she could, ye have the poor always with you but Me ye have not always (See Matthew 25:35-36); she hath come aforehand to anoint My body to the burying; wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her." (See JUDAS.) In John 12:7 Sinaiticus and Vaticanus manuscripts read cf6 "let her alone that she may keep this against the day of My burying"; but the Alexandrinus manuscript supports KJV.
She may not have been fully conscious of the significancy of her act; but He unfolds it to her praise, and her name has been and ever will be cited as an example of self sacrifice to Christendom; so that when John 11:2 was written it had already become her characteristic designation. Needless waste of the smallest fragment (John 6:12) is against God's will; but no expenditure is lavish that is for the glory of God. What seems to the world waste proves in the end richly reproductive to the giver, as well as to the human race. Mary "anointed" Him because He was the Christ; "His feet" because it was for His burial, and it was in His "heel" that Satan "bruised" Him; yet those feet were, because of their bruising, to bruise forever the old serpent's head.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary
A Roman Christian greeted in Romans 16:16 as one "who bestowed much labour on you" (so the Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, and Alexandrinus manuscripts read for "us".) The only Jewish name in the list. Christianity binds all in one brotherhood; a Jewess labors much for the good of Rome, Judah's oppressor.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary Magdalene
Mary Magdalene, i.e. of Magdala in Naphtali (Joshua 19:38), now el-Mendel on the W. of the sea of Galilee. Lightfoot (Her. Hebrew Matthew 26:56; Harm. Evan. Luke 8:3) identifies her with "the woman a sinner" (Luke 7:37), and explains "Mary of the braided locks" from gaadal "to braid" (?). She was one of the women "who ministered to Jesus of their substance." Gratitude moved Mary Magdalene, as Christ had cast out of her seven (the number for completeness, i.e. a "legion" of) demons (compare Matthew 12:45; Mark 16:9). She, with the rest of the healed women, accompanied Him in one of His tours "throughout every city and village of Galilee, preaching and showing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God, the twelve being with Him" (Luke 8:1-2-3). In His last journey to Jerusalem again they accompanied Him from Galilee (Matthew 27:55; Mark 15:41; Luke 23:55; Luke 24:10). "They stood afar off beholding these things," namely, the closing agony of the crucifixion (Luke 23:49).
Mary the mother of James, and Salome mother of Zebedee's children, were thus grouped with Mary Magdalene (Mark 15:40), also the Virgin Mary (John 19:25). Mary Magdalene remained "sitting over against the sepulchre," and "beholding" until Joseph of Arimathea laid the Lord's body in the tomb (Mark 15:47; Matthew 27:61; Luke 23:55). She, Salome, and Mary mother of James, "when it was yet dark," at early "dawn of the first day of the week," "came to see the sepulchre," "bringing the sweet spices which they had prepared" wherewith to "anoint Him," in a liquid state, since they regarded the use of the powdered spices of Nicodemus wrapped in the swathes as an incomplete and provisional interment (Matthew 28:1; Luke 24:1; Mark 16:1-2).
The vision of angels that told her and the rest that Jesus was risen gladdened her at first, then her sorrows returned, she thought it but a vision. She went off to Peter and John (son of Salome, who had been with her) crying "they have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we (undesignedly implying that other women had been with her at the tomb though she is now alone) know not where they have laid Him" (John 20:2). She returned to the tomb, where her heart was, following Peter and John, and remained behind when they went away. "She stood without at the sepulchre weeping," and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the sepulchre, and seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain; they say cf6 "why weepest thou?"
She saith, her one absorbing thought being the absence of Him whom she had designed to lavish her reverential love upon, "because they have taken away my Lord (her phrase to the angels, as it was 'the Lord' to her fellow disciples Peter and John), and I (no longer 'we' as in John 20:2) know not where they have laid Him." Brooding over her one grief in the stupor of hopeless anguish, she, "turning herself back," failed to recognize Jesus, though she saw Him standing there. cf6 "Woman," said He, cf6 "why weepest thou? whom seekest thou?" "Supposing Him to be the gardener she saith, Sir, if thou have borne Him (she, with the natural absence of mind of one absorbed in one object, forgetting to explain whom she meant, as if all must know Him) hence, tell me where thou hast laid Him, and I will take Him away." She never stops to think of her own weakness as a woman; love gives her the nerve to take it for granted that she is able for the blessed task; contrast her and the women's former question, "who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?" (Mark 16:3.)
One word from Jesus, her own name, in His well remembered familiar tone, revealed to her the Lord, cf6 "Mary!" "Rabboni" (the strongest term of reverent love) she exclaimed, turning herself and casting herself at His feet and embracing them. (For fuller details, see JESUS CHRIST.) Truly the poet writes: Not she with traitorous kiss her Master stung, Not she denied Him with unfaithful tongue; She, when apostles fled, could dangers brave, Last at His cross, and earliest at His grave." He stops her in respect to a love which leaned too much upon His fleshly presence; she and His disciples now need to rise to a higher and at the same time a nearer, but spiritual, communion with Him. cf6 "Be not now touching Me" (compare 1 John 1:1), for the time of this permanent "seeing" (John 16:16; John 16:19; John 16:22) and knowing Me after the Spirit, which is to supersede your past "knowledge of Me after the flesh" (2 Corinthians 5:16), is not yet come, cf6 "but go to My brethren and say, I am ascending (already My ascension has begun) unto My Father and your Father" (Hebrews 2:10-11).
Her earthly affection needed to be elevated into a heavenly one (John 20:25-29). It was Thomas' need too; Jesus' condescension in stooping to his weakness and granting him the fleshly touch was to raise him to the higher one of faith. This is the last mention of her, a most graphic one, supplied to us by the son of her old associate, Salome. The seven demons that had possessed her were her misfortune, not the proof that she had been in the common sense "a woman which was a sinner." Luke 7:37,39: the KJV heading of the chapter is wrong, identifying the two. Mary that anointed Jesus was the sister of Martha and Lazarus and distinct from Mary Magdalene. The mention of the anointing in John 11:2 is evidently John's anticipation of John 12:3, to inform his readers that the Mary in John 11 is the same as she whose anointing of the Lord they knew by common tradition. It does not mean that she had already anointed Him and was identical with the woman a sinner whose anointing of Him is recorded in Luke 7.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary, Mother of Mark
Sister to Barnabas (KJV, Colossians 4:10), or rather aunt, since anepsios means "cousin," not commonly "sister's son. (See MARK.) As Barnabas gave up his lands, so she her house at Jerusalem for the use of the church. Peter's resorting there immediately upon his release (Acts 12:12) shows her tried steadfastness and implies a bond of intimacy with her; so that he calls Mark his "son" (1 Peter 5:13). The house was one of the church's worship rooms (Acts 2:46; Acts 20:8, compare Acts 4:24; Acts 4:31); "there many were gathered together praying" for Peter's deliverance, and God "heard, while they were yet speaking" (Isaiah 65:24). Mark doubtless derived some of the straightforward, decided character which appears in his Gospel from her influence. His attachment to her was probably one cause of his return to Jerusalem from Perga (Acts 13:13).
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Magdalena Bentivoglio
Also known as Anna Bentivoglio
Annetta Bentivoglio
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio
Mary Magdalen
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. Poor Clare nun at age 30. She found the discipline difficult, but saw it as a way to reach God, and practiced a strict observance to the Rule. Sent to America in 1875 to institute the Poor Clares. Some clerics told them that they would fail, that the contemplative life was not suited to Americans, but the sisters pressed on, sometimes having to move several times before being allowed to settle in peace. Founded houses in Omaha, Nebraska, New Orleans, Louisiana, and Evansville, Indiana, always in the face of opposition, with little support, and with her health failing. Her Cause for Canonization was introduced on April 1, 1969.
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact
Monastery of Saint Clare
509 South Kentucky Avenue
Evansville, IN 47714, USA
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad?
- Mother Mary Magdalena
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Also known as Anna Bentivoglio
Annetta Bentivoglio
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio
Mary Magdalen
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. Poor Clare nun at age 30. She found the discipline difficult, but saw it as a way to reach God, and practiced a strict observance to the Rule. Sent to America in 1875 to institute the Poor Clares. Some clerics told them that they would fail, that the contemplative life was not suited to Americans, but the sisters pressed on, sometimes having to move several times before being allowed to settle in peace. Founded houses in Omaha, Nebraska, New Orleans, Louisiana, and Evansville, Indiana, always in the face of opposition, with little support, and with her health failing. Her Cause for Canonization was introduced on April 1, 1969.
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact
Monastery of Saint Clare
509 South Kentucky Avenue
Evansville, IN 47714, USA
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad?
- Mother Mary Magdalena
Webster's Dictionary - Ave Mary
(1):
A particular time (as in Italy, at the ringing of the bells about half an hour after sunset, and also at early dawn), when the people repeat the Ave Maria.
(2):
A salutation and prayer to the Virgin Mary, as mother of God; - used in the Roman Catholic church.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Tudor
(1516-1558) Queen of England, 1553-1558, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. After Henry's repudiation of Catherine, Mary was harshly treated and during the reign of Edward VI remained in comparative obscurity. On his death she easily crushed the attempt to place Jane Grey on the throne. She was popular at first, but her projected marriage with Philip II of Spain excited discontent culminating in Wyatt's rebellion. The old religion regained its liberty but the fanaticism of many of the Reformers rendered stern measures necessary for the safety of the State. Mary displayed excessive severity in applying for heresy penalties which Henry VIII and Edward VI had applied with the approval of Protestant bishops; within four years 277 persons were put to death and this record stands as a blot on her memory, though it is now generally admitted that she was prompted by misguided zeal, rather than vindictiveness. This severity was in marked contrast to her former generosity and clemency, and was perhaps partly due to the bitterness of her later years. She was long an invalid; her passionate love for Philip II was unrequited and when there was no further hope of having an heir, he abandoned her and England; in the last year of her life Calais was lost to France, and this was followed by difficulties with the Holy See.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary, Little Company of
A religious order of sisters founded by Mother Mary Potter in Nottingham, England, 1877, for the gratuitous nursing of the sick poor. The order has 27 houses, including hospitals, convalescent homes, a sanitorium, a refuge for delinquent girls, and a poor house, in Italy, England, Ireland, Scotland, Malta, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States and South America. The mother-house is in Rome.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Mediatrix
A title of our blessed Lady, expressive of the doctrine that all graces come to us from Christ through the hands of Mary. A feast of this title was granted to the dioceses of Belgium, at the request of Cardinal Mercier, by Benedict XV, January 12, 1921. The feast is also celebrated in Spain. The doctrine of Mary Mediatrix, now the common teaching of theologians, is being favorably considered for definition as a dogma of faith.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary, Mediatrix of All Graces
A title of our blessed Lady, expressive of the doctrine that all graces come to us from Christ through the hands of Mary. A feast of this title was granted to the dioceses of Belgium, at the request of Cardinal Mercier, by Benedict XV, January 12, 1921. The feast is also celebrated in Spain. The doctrine of Mary Mediatrix, now the common teaching of theologians, is being favorably considered for definition as a dogma of faith.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Magdalen in Art
Among the many masters who have represented this subject are: Albertinelli, Batoni, Canova, Caracci, Cignani, Credi, Crivelli, Dolci, Domenichino, Edelfelt, Giampetrino, Guercino, Leyden, Massys, Mengs, Perugino, Rembrandt, Reni, Ribera, Scorel, Solario, Titian, Van Dyck, and Veronese.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Immaculate Heart of Mary, Scapular of the
Badge of the society of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. It was sanctioned and endowed with indulgences by Pope Pius IX on May 11, 1877, and approved by the Congregation of Rites in 1907. The superior general of the Sons can communicate the faculty of blessing and investing with this scapular to other priests. It is white woollen cloth, with a picture of the Heart of Mary surrounded by flames, surmounted by a lily, encircled with roses, and pierced by a sword.
New Catholic Dictionary and Catholic Encyclopedia
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary, Name of
First mentioned in the Old Testament as the name of the sister of Moses. The name Mary has been given many meanings, for example: "the well-beloved," "the magnificent," "bitter," "star w the sea," "lady," "beautiful," "the perfect one." It was a favorite name among Jewish women in the time of Our Blessed Lady. It has always been honored among Catholics, and is one of the names in most general use. The Irish language has a special word, "Muire," which is never given to any Mary but the Mother of God.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary, Society of
Founded at Quimper, France, 1678, by Claude Therese de Kermeno, in collaboration with Father Huby, under the title Institute of Retreat, later changed to Ladies of the Retreat. The Sisters follow the Rule of Saint Ignatiuis, uniting active works with the contemplative life, by conducting retreats, educating girls of the upper classes, and instructing poor children. The congregation has 23 houses, including day and boarding schools in France, England, Ireland, and Belgium. The mother-house is at Angers, France.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Look Down, o Mother Mary
Hymn written by Saint Alphonsus (1696-1787) and translated by Reverend E. Vaughan.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary, Psalter of
In Latin, Psalterium Marianum. A work composed by Saint Bonaventure applying the sentiments of the psalms and other canticles of Sacred Scripture to the Blessed Virgin. Also, the Rosary, because of the 150 Hail Marys, corresponding to the number of the psalms of David.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary of Cleophas, Saint
Mentioned in John 19, is probably the mother of Saint James the Less.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary
Mother of John Mark, mentioned in the New Testament only once (Acts 12), where we read that many were gathered together and praying in her house when Peter knocked at the door, after his escape from prison.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary of Egypt, Saint
Penitent, born northern Egypt, c.344;died Arabian desert, 421. After living an evil life for seventeen years at Alexandria, she was miraculously converted at Jerusalem. Retiring into the Arabian desert, she passed her remaining 47 years in penance and solitude. Saint Zosimus discovered her there and administered Holy Communion to her. Relics venerated at Rome, Naples, Cremona, and Antwerp. Feast, April 2,. See also: patron saints index.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Magdalen, Saint
Penitent, called Magdalen probably from a her native town, Magdala, in Galilee, or from the Talmudic expression meaning adulteress. She is mentioned as the sinner (Luke 7), who bathed the feet of Christ; as Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10 and John 11); and later as Mary Magdalen (Luke 8), who ministered to Christ, by whom she was freed from seven devils. It is generally agreed today that the three persons mentioned are identical, although the Greek Fathers considered them distinct. After her conversion, she remained faithful to Christ; stood at the foot of the cross (Mark 15; Matthew 27; John 19; Luke 22); and was the first witness of the Resurrection. The Greek tradition holds that Mary Magdalen retired to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin, and died there, her relics being transferred to Constantinople. The French tradition holds that she migrated to Marseilles with Lazarus and Martha, and retired to a hill, La Sainte-Baume, near the city, where she lived in seclusion for 30 years. Represented in art, kneeling before a Crucifix at the foot of which a death's head is lying. Her head now rests in the grotto of Sainte-Baume. Feast, Roman Calendar, July 22,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Stuart
Queen of Scots, born Linlithgow, Scotland, 1542; died Fotheringay, England, 1587. She succeeded her father James V when only six days old. She was educated in France and married the Dauphin Francis, becoming queen consort in 1559. Within a year Francis died and Mary returned to Scotland, August, 1561. During her residence abroad Protestantism had made rapid progress in Scotland, Church property had been confiscated and Knox's followers were filled with frenzied hatred of Catholicism. She consequently issued an edict; of toleration, the first in Great Britain. A little later, despite a Protestant revolt abetted by Queen Elizabeth she married her cousin Henry, Lord Darnley, nearest heir after her to the English crown. Darnley proved quarrelsome, immoral, and intensely jealous of her secretary Rizzio, whose assassination he procured. Shortly after the birth of his son James VI, he himself was murdered at the instigation of Mary's adviser Bothwell, whom she soon married. A new rebellion broke out thereupon; Mary was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, but escaped, and after her followers had been defeated at Langside, 1568, fled to England, where she was imprisoned for life by Elizabeth. More than once her sympathizers planned to release her, although Elizabeth's life was never in peril despite the legends accepted by many Protestant writers. In 1586 Mary was accused of complicity in Babington's conspiracy and executed, the main motive for such punishment being hatred of her religion.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Hardey
Religious of the Sacred Heart; born Piscataway, Maryland, 1806; died Paris, France, 1886. She established all the convents (30) of her order up to the year 1883 in eastern United States, Canada, and Cuba. In 1871, she was appointed assistant to her mother-general at Paris. Her remains were transferred from Conflans, France, to Kenwood, Albany, New York, in 1905.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Nuns of the Visitation of Mary
Religious order founded by Saint Francis de Sales and Saint Jane de Chantal at Annecy, France, in 1610, as a congregation for the observance of the contemplative life and the care of children and young ladies needing home life and education, also for the visitation of the sick; canonically erected into a religious order, its active ministry abandoned and enclosure adopted, under the Rule of Saint Augustine, 1618; constitutions by the founder. The method enjoined by Saint Francis secures the benefit of the religious life to those who lack physical strength for the usual corporal austerities of the cloister by substituting the spirit of interior mortification. Boarding-schools are attached to many of the houses, e.g., that of Georgetown, DC, founded in 1789, for secondary education. There are three grades among the sisters: choir-nuns, associate nuns (dispensed from the Office), and lay-sisters. Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque was a religious of this order. Each convent is governed by a superior under the bishop of the diocese and independently of all other houses, there being no mother-house. Doubts regarding observance are referred to the house of Annecy. The order has houses in various countries of the world.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Guise
Sister of Francois Guise, born 1515; died Edinburgh, Scotland, 1560. The widow of Louis II d'Orleans, she married James V of Scotland, and on his death was made regent for her daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots. During the politico-religious disturbances of the times she was deprived of her office through the agency of John Knox.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary, Children of
The title given to confraternities of Our Lady established in schools of the Sisters of Charity in 1847, after the manifestation of the Miraculous Medal (1830); to sodalities founded in 1818 by Saint Madeleine Sophie Barat in the convents of the Religious of the Sacred Heart; and to various other societies of women and girls, some of which are affiliated with the Prima Prismaria (First Primary) of the Society of Jesus in Rome.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Magdalen Postel, Saint
Virgin, born Barfleur Manche, France, 1756; died Le-Vicomte, France, 1846. Educated by Benedictines at Valognes, she founded the Sisters of Christian Schools and of Mercy, at Cherbourg, 1807, established her mother-house at Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, 1832, and adopted the rule of the School Brothers of Saint John Baptist de La Salle. Canonized, 1925. Feast, July 16,; at Contances, May 17,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi, Saint
Virgin, born Florence, Italy, 1566; died there, 1607. She joined the Discalced Carmelites, 1582, was professed in 1584, and elected superioress, 1604. Her life was a constant series of raptures and ecstasies, during which she gave utterance to wonderful maxims of Divine Love and counsels of spiritual perfection. Canonized, 1669. Relics in Carmelite convent, Florence. Feast, Roman Calendar, May 29,. See also: patron saints index.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary of the Gael
Virgin, popularly known as Mary of the Gael, born Faughart, County Louth, Ireland, 451; died Kildare, Ireland, 525. Having received the veil from Saint Macaille, she was professed by Saint Mel of Ardagh from whom she received abbatial powers, 468. Her famous convent of Gill-Dara (church of the oak) at Druin Criadh became a center of religion and learning which developed later into the cathedral city of Kildare. She established a second monastery there for men, under Bishop Saint Conleth, and also a school of art, needlework, and illumination. She became a friend of Saint Patrick. Patroness of Ireland, and of scholars. Represented in art on her knees, holding a vase, with a cow nearby. Relics in the grave of Saint Patrick and Saint Columba near Down-Patrick; head in the Jesuit Church at Lisbon. Feast, February 1,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Anne de Paredes, Blessed
Virgin, surnamed the "Lily of Quito," born Quito, Ecuador, 1618; died there, 1645. From early childhood she exhibited great love of prayer and mortification; at the age of ten she made vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. She passed her life in retirement at home. She possessed the gift of ecstatic prayer, was endowed with supernatural powers, frequently working miracles and foretelling the future, and was divinely sustained by the daily reception of the Holy Eucharist, as she took no other food save an ounce of bread weekly. Beatified, 1853. Feast, in Bolivia, Paraguay, and Ecuador, May 16,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary Sadlier
Writer; born in 1820 at Cootehill, Ireland; died in 1903 at Montreal, Canada. She emigrated to Montreal in 1844, and in 1846 married James Sadlier of the publishing house of D. J. Sadlier and Co. Among her works are: The Blakes and Flanagans, Bessie Conway, Aunt Honor's Keepsake, and The Red Hand of Ulster.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Mary
Six women in the New Testament had the name Mary. The lesser known of these were the mother of John Mark (Acts 12:12; for details see MARK), a member of the church in Rome (Romans 16:6), and a woman who was wife of Clopas and mother of two sons, James and Joseph (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40; Mark 15:47; Mark 16:1; John 19:25).
This last-named Mary was one of several women from Galilee who helped look after the needs of Jesus and his disciples. They travelled with Jesus around Palestine and were present at his crucifixion. Another in that group was also named Mary. She came from the town of Magdala in Galilee and was known as Mary Magdalene, to distinguish her from the other Marys (Matthew 27:55-56; Luke 8:1-3).
Mary Magdalene had become a follower of Jesus early in his ministry, when he had healed her of evil spirits (Luke 8:2). On the morning of Jesus’ resurrection, she and some others, including Mary the mother of James and Joseph, went to anoint the body of Jesus, but found the tomb empty (Matthew 28:1-5; John 20:1). She brought Peter and John to the tomb, then, after they had left, met the risen Jesus (John 20:2-18).
Another Mary was the sister of Martha and Lazarus. The three lived at Bethany, just outside Jerusalem, and were close friends of Jesus (John 11:1; John 11:5). In the biblical record, Mary and Martha are usually mentioned together. (For further details see MARTHA.)
The mother of Jesus
By far the most important Mary in New Testament times was the mother of Jesus. She was blessed above all women, for God chose her to be the mother of the Messiah (Luke 1:28; Luke 1:32; Luke 1:42-43).
At the time God revealed this to Mary, she lived in the town of Nazareth in Galilee, where she was engaged to be married to a local carpenter named Joseph. (Concerning the families from which Mary and Joseph came see JOSEPH THE HUSBAND OF MARY.) God revealed to Mary that, while still a virgin, she would become pregnant. This would come about through the direct creative power of God’s Spirit, so that her son would be unique. Though fully human, he would also be the Son of God (Luke 1:30-35).
Mary accepted the will of God for her without question (Luke 1:38). She praised God that he chose her, just an ordinary person from a humble family, to be the means by which he would bring his blessing to the world. Through her baby, God would fulfil the promises given to Abraham and David (Luke 1:46-56).
For the next three months Mary stayed with her friend and relative, Elizabeth, in Judea. When she returned to Nazareth pregnant, Joseph was deeply troubled, but he too submitted to God’s will after he received a revelation of the divine purposes (Luke 1:56; Matthew 1:18-25).
Some months later, Joseph and Mary moved to Bethlehem in Judea for a census, and there the baby was born (Luke 2:1-7; Luke 2:19). When Joseph and Mary later took the baby to Jerusalem for certain Jewish ceremonies, Mary learnt a little of what lay ahead. Although her son would be a Saviour, he would also attract bitter opposition, which would in turn cause Mary pain and sorrow (Luke 2:22-23; Luke 2:34-35).
Because of the threat of violence from Herod, Joseph sought safety for Mary and the baby Jesus by taking them to Egypt. After Herod’s death the family returned to Palestine and settled in Nazareth (Matthew 2:13-14; Matthew 2:19-23).
Joseph and Mary brought Jesus up to be obedient to his parents and to be instructed in the teachings of the Old Testament (Luke 2:42-46; Luke 2:51). They did not, however, have a clear understanding of the unique relationship that Jesus had with his heavenly Father (Luke 2:49). Even when he began his public ministry, Jesus found it necessary to remind his mother that he was to use his divine power solely in accordance with his Father’s will. He would not use it merely to please friends and family (John 2:3-4).
The children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus were James, Joseph, Simon, Judas and at least two daughters (Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3). When Jesus set out on his public ministry, his brothers did not believe him to be the Messiah. They thought that he was suffering from some sort of religious madness. On one occasion when they expressed their annoyance with him, Mary was with them (Mark 3:21; Mark 3:31-35; John 7:3-5).
Nevertheless, Mary was convinced of her son’s messiahship and remained devoted to him even to the cross (John 19:25-27). Jesus’ resurrection seems to have changed his brothers, for in the days immediately after his ascension, they along with Mary were among the group of Jerusalem believers who met for fellowship and prayer (Acts 1:14; cf. 1 Corinthians 15:7).
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Mary
Mary (mâ'ry). The name of several women in the New Testament. 1. The mother of our Lord. She was, like Joseph, of the tribe of Judah and of the lineage of David. Psalms 132:11; Luke 1:32; Romans 1:3. She was connected by marriage, Luke 1:36, with Elisabeth, who was of the tribe of Levi and of the lineage of Aaron. She was betrothed to Joseph of Nazareth; but before her marriage she became with child by the Holy Ghost, and became the mother of Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the world. She was at Jerusalem with Joseph, at Cana and at Capernaum. ' John 2:12; Matthew 4:13; Matthew 13:54-55; Mark 6:1-4 Lastly she was at the cross, and was there commended to the care of the disciple whom Jesus loved: "Woman, behold thy son." And from that hour John assures us that he took her to his own abode. In the days succeeding the ascension of Christ Mary met with the disciples in the upper room, Acts 1:14, waiting for the coming of the Holy Spirit with power. Such is all the authentic history we have of the "blessed among women," taught, as no other woman was, the hard lessons which were to guide her to her Son's eternal kingdom. Some of them were joyful; and some were very grievous; but she learned them thoroughly, fill she loved the Lord Jesus as her Saviour far more than as her Song of Solomon 2:1-17. The wife of Cleophas, was present at the crucifixion and burial of our Lord, Matthew 27:56; Matthew 27:61, was among those who went to embalm him, Mark 16:1-10, was among the earliest to whom the news of his resurrection was announced, Luke 24:6; Luke 24:10, and on her way to the disciples with the intelligence she met her risen Lord and worshipped him. Matthew 28:1; Matthew 9:3. The mother of John Mark, Acts 12:12, and aunt to Barnabas, Colossians 4:10, a godly woman residing at Jerusalem at whose house the disciples were convened the night Peter was miraculously delivered from prison. 4. The sister of Lazarus and Martha, and a devoted friend and disciple of our Saviour, from whom she received the testimony that she had chosen the good part which should not be taken from her. Luke 10:41-42. Compared with her sister she appears of a more contemplative turn of mind and more occupied with the "one thing" needful. John 11:1; John 12:2. 5. Mary Magdalene, or Mary of Magdala. Luke 8:2. The general impression that she was an unchaste woman is entirely without foundation. Having been cured of a demoniacal possession by our Saviour, she became his follower, Luke 8:2-3. and showed her attachment to him to the last. She was at his crucifixion, John 19:25, and burial, Mark 15:47, and was among those who had prepared the materials to embalm him, Mark 16:1, and who first went to the sepulchre after the resurrection; and she was the first to whom the risen Redeemer appeared, Mark 16:9, and his conversation with her has an interest and pathos unsurpassed in history. John 20:11 to John 18:6. A Christian woman in Rome to whom Paul sends his salutation. Romans 16:6.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Mary
(maw' rih) Greek personal name equivalent to Hebrew Miriam, meaning, “rebellious, bitter.” See Miriam .
1. Mother of Jesus. Mary seems to have been related to Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist, and wife of the priest Zechariah. Elizabeth was also of a priestly family. If “kinswoman” in Luke 1:36 is a reference for family line and not a relationship established by marriage, then Mary's family heritage may have been priestly. Luke presented Mary as a person of great faith prepared to be an agent of God in the birth of the Messiah. In later church tradition, two important theological beliefs focus the significance of Mary. One has to do with what is referred to as “divine maternity,” while the other is “virginial conception.” Their scriptural orientation is based on Luke 1:34 that details Mary's response to the angel's announcement that she would have a son. Mary questioned how this could be since she did not have a husband. The Greek states, “I am not knowing a man.” Some have interpreted the Greek text as making an eternally valid theological statement that her virginity is an on-going state that equals a “perpetual virginity.” Matthew 1:24-25 (including, [1] “knew her not until she had borne a son”) would seem to challenge the perpetual virginity belief. The Luke text is sufficiently vague as to allow the growth of such doctrine. In contemporary Christianity, the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches embrace these doctrines, while most Protestant churches do not. However, in all cases, Mary is a revered character in Christian tradition who is believed to represent goodness, innocence, and profound commitment to the ways of God.
Mary does not play as high a profile in the Gospels as one might expect. The Gospel writers attempted to emphasize Jesus' divine origins at the expense of deemphasizing the importance of His mother. The Gospel of John presents women in an essential place in the public ministry of Jesus, and Mary, the mother of Jesus, functions in such a role. In John 2:1-11 , Mary's presence at Jesus' first public miracle of changing water to wine at the marriage at Cana underscores, in a profound manner, that Jesus' destiny challenges all norms, including that of immediate family relationships. The recurring Johannine theological theme of Jesus' “hour” being divinely directed is pointedly made by Mary's presence in the episode (compare Mark 3:31-35 ; Luke 11:27-28 ). Mary's presence at the foot of the cross (found only in John 19:25-27 ) highlights the mother's love. Acts 1:14 indicates that Mary was present, along with other hero figures of early Christianity, in the upper room scene in Jerusalem.
2. Mary Magdalene. Magdala was an important agricultural, fishing, and trade center of ancient Galilee. Mark 16:9 and Luke 8:2 indicate that this Mary, from Magdala, was exorcised of some seven demons. In antiquity, demon possession was an indication of physical or spiritual illness; obviously, Mary Magdalene was quite ill before her encounter with Jesus. Mary eventually became part of an inner circle of supporters of Jesus. She was a witness of His crucifixion ( Mark 15:40 ; Matthew 27:56 ; John 19:25 ), burial (Mark 15:47 ; Matthew 27:61 ), the empty tomb (Mark 16:18 ; Matthew 28:1-10 ; Luke 24:10 ), and she was a witness of Jesus' resurrection (Mark 16:9 ; John 20:1-18 ). A tradition, especially prevalent in western Christianity from about A.D. 500 onward, identified Mary Magdalene with the sinful woman of Luke 7:36-50 . The text gives no reason for such an association, as the introduction of Mary in Luke 8:1 is quite removed topically from Luke 7:36 . To confuse the interpretative tradition further, the sinful woman in the anointing scene of Luke 7:36-50 is often identified incorrectly with another Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazrus. On all accounts, no evidence exists that the sinful woman of Luke 7:1 should be identified as Mary.
3. Mary (of Bethany), the sister of Martha and Lazarus. Mary, Martha, and Lazarus seem to have been part of an inner circle of Jesus' associates. The Gospel of John places particular emphasis on their select status. Mary from Bethany played a primary role in the episode of Lazarus' resurrection from the dead in John 11:1 . In John 12:1 , Mary anointed Jesus' feet with precious oil, thus serving an important confessional function of anticipating Jesus' death. Given the sequence of John's Gospel, Mary is represented as a follower of Jesus who is well acquainted with Jesus' ultimate destiny (compare Judas, the disciple in John 12:4 , who is not as well informed).
4. Mary, the mother of James the younger and of Joses and Salome. This Mary would appear to be part of Jesus' following from Galilee who moved with Him during His itinerant public ministry (compare Mark 15:40-41 ). She witnessed Jesus' crucifixion and was part of the group of women who encountered the empty tomb (Mark 15:47 ; Mark 16:1-8 ; Matthew 27:55-56 ; Matthew 28:1-8 ; Luke 23:56 ; Luke 24:1-10 ).
5. Mary, the mother of John Mark. This woman was the owner of the house in Jerusalem where the first followers of Jesus met (Acts 12:12 ). Her son, John Mark, eventually became a disciple of Paul and Barnabas (Acts 12:25 ). See Mark, John .
6. Mary, the wife of Clopas. She witnessed Jesus' crucifixion (John 19:25 ) and may be the same character as Mary, the mother of James, Joses, and Salome in the Synoptic Gospels accounts.
7. Mary, from Rome. An individual Paul greeted in Romans 16:6 . Wayne McCready
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Holy And Immaculate Heart of Mary, Congregation of
A congregation founded for the education of girls by Father Dupuis in Pondicherry, India, 1844, under the rules of the Third Order Regular of Saint Francis of Assisi. The congregation has 37 convents; to the more important of these an orphanage is usually attached. The religious, numbering 250, are also in charge of schools and pharmacies; the mother-house is at Pondicherry.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Holy Name of Mary, Feast of the
Feast of the entire, Latin Church, celebrated on the Sunday within the octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. It was first observed at Cuenca, Spain, 1513, then extended to the universal Church and assigned to its present place and rank by Innocent XI (1683) in thanksgiving to God and the Blessed Virgin for the liberation of Vienna and the signal victory over the Turks, September 12, 1683. It is the titular feast of the Society of Mary (Marianists) and of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate.
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Mary
Mary, the mother of Jesus, is called theotokos by the church because her Son is the one and only Son of God, homoousios (consubstantial) with the Father. In the New Testament Mary is presented as the true Israelite, the model disciple, the woman of faith/faithfulness, and a type of the church.
Mark presents only a rapid sketch or silhouette of the Jewish woman who is the mother of Jesus. In 3:31-35 Jesus acknowledges his mother, brothers, and sisters, but then states that whoever does the will of God is a member of his family. In 6:1-6a Jesus is identified as "the son of Mary, a brother [1] of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon, " and he is said to have "sisters." The meaning of adelphos here is disputed. It may mean a blood-brother, a half-brother, or, within the extended family, a male cousin. Likewise the word "sister" ( adelphe [2]) has been interpreted as a blood-sister, a half-sister, and a female cousin. Since the early church maintained the perpetual virginity of Mary, it could not accept that Jesus had full blood brothers or sisters.
Matthew fills out the silhouette of Mary provided by Mark, but only in terms of the birth and infancy of her Son.
In the genealogy of 1:1-17 there are no less than four women (Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, and Bathsheba), all of whom have irregular marital unions. Nevertheless all served God's messianic plan; so does Mary, whose son was not begotten by Joseph (v. 16).
In 1:18-25 Joseph acknowledges Jesus as his son by claiming him and naming him, so that he is truly "a son of David." Further, Joseph is told and recognizes that Mary conceived her Son in a miraculous way through the direct and unique action of the Holy Spirit. Thus, we have the doctrine of the virginal conception/birth of Jesus.
Luke presents Mary as the perfect disciple of her Son, who is also her Lord.
In the annunciation (1:26-38) Mary is called to unique discipleship. As a virgin she will conceive and bear a son who is "the Son of God."
In 1:39-56 we read of Mary's visit to Elizabeth, of Elizabeth's hymn to Mary, and then of Mary's "Magnificat." Mary is both "the handmaid of the Lord" and "the mother of my Lord, " for her Son is the Son of God, the Messiah of Israel and Savior of the world.
Mary is also very much present in chapter 2 as the "mother of my Lord." We read of the birth of Jesus (vv. 6-7), the visit of the shepherds (vv. 8-20), the naming of Jesus and the purification of Mary (vv. 21-40), and (much later) the finding of the boy Jesus in the temple (vv. 41-52).
Luke 8:19-21 is similar to Mark 3:31-35 but Luke 11:27-28 is only found in Luke's Gospel. Here the mother of Jesus is presented as worthy of beatitude, not only because of giving birth to her Son but also because of her faith, obedience, and discipleship.
From the hand of Luke we also learn in Acts 1:14 that Mary was present with others waiting for the arrival of the Holy Spirit. Thus, she is always the faithful disciple.
At the wedding in John 2:1-12Jesus appears to reject his mother's request and then immediately does what she asks! However, she is there as his first disciple to behold his first miraculous sign. Further, she is there also "with his brothers" (v. 12), who (as noted above) may be her sons, Joseph's sons by a previous marriage, or the cousins of Jesus.
John 19:25-27 presents Mary at the foot of the cross, where Jesus entrusts Mary to John and John to Mary. Here, it may be said, the new fellowship, the new ekklesia [3], is born and Mary has a central place within this communion of love. She who gave birth to her Son is there to see him die.
Paul states (Galatians 4:4 ) that Jesus was born of a woman (who is not named) and because she was a Jewish woman he was circumcised and submitted to the Law. Paul's words here or elsewhere tell us nothing about the nature of his conception.
In Revelation 12:1-6 we see into heaven and there behold the woman, the dragon, and the woman's child. In verses 7-12 we read of the archangel Michael and the dragon who move from heaven to earth, and then in verses 13-17 of the dragon, the woman, and her child, all of whom are on earth. It would appear that the woman has a primary reference to the people of God, Israel, and the church, with a secondary reference to Mary, mother of the Messiah: she is a "type" of the church.
Mary is a unique woman because she is the mother of the Son of God and also the first Christian disciple. The Catholic Church of East and West has developed its teaching concerning her not only by speaking of her as theotokos but also by speaking of her virginity before birth (virginal conception), at birth (miraculous delivery), and after birth (perpetual virginity). Liberal theology tends to deny all three. Classical Protestantism (Luther, Calvin) accepted all three, but modern biblically based Protestants tend only to accept the first.
Peter Toon
Bibliography . R. E. Brown et al., Mary in the New Testament ; J. McHugh, The Mother of Jesus in the New Testament ; A. J. Tambasco, What Are They Saying about Mary?
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Mary
MARY
1. Mary the mother of James the Little and Joses, one of the women who followed Jesus from Galilee, stood beside the cross, watched the burial, and visited the sepulchre on the Resurrection morning (Matthew 27:55-56 = Mark 15:40-41, Matthew 27:61 = Mark 15:47, Mark 16:1 = Matthew 28:1 = Luke 24:10). From John 19:25 it appears that she was wife to Clopas. This name is distinct from Cleopas (Luke 24:18), and is perhaps identical with Alphaens, both representing חַלְפַי. Cf. J. B. Lightfoot, Gal. p. 256. WH [1] write Ἀλραῖος (see NT, vol. ii. § 408). If this identification be allowed, then (1) James the Little was probably one of the Twelve (Matthew 10:3 = Mark 3:18 = Luke 16:15); (2) he was perhaps brother to Levi (Matthew), the son of Alphaeus. The latter inference is favoured by (a) the v.l. Ἰάκωβον for Δευείν in Mark 2:14; (b) the tradition that James, like Matthew, had been a tax-gatherer (Chrysost. in Matth. xxxiii.: δύο τελῶναι, Ματθαῖος καὶ Ἰάκωβος; Euth. Zig.: Ματθαῖος δὲ καὶ Ἰάκωβος ὁ τοῦ Ἀλφαίου, τελῶναι). See artt. Alphaeus and Clopas.
Hegesippus (in Eus. Historia Ecclesiastica iii. 11. 32, iv. 22) mentions a Clopas who was brother to Joseph, our Lord’s foster-father; but there is no evidence that he was identical with this Clopas. Jerome, in support of his theory of ‘the Brethren of Jesus,’ construes Μαριὰμ ἡ τοῦ Κλωτᾶ in John 19:25 as in opposition to ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ, thus reducing the number of the women by the Cross to three, and making ‘Mary the [2] of Clopas’ the Virgin’s sister. See J. B. Lightfoot, Gal. p. 255 ff. But (1) it is improbable that two sisters bore the same name, and (2) ‘the sister of his mother’ was apparently Salome, the mother of the sons of Zebedee (cf. Mark 15:40 = Matthew 27:56).
2. Mary Magdalene.—She is first mentioned (Luke 8:2) as one of a company of women who attended Jesus on His second mission through Galilee in the course of the second year of His ministry. She is distinguished by two significant epithets: (1) ‘the Magdalene,’ i.e. the woman of Magdala (Mejdel), a town on the Lake of Galilee, some 3 miles from Capernaum, at the southern end of the Plain of Gennesaret. The modern Mejdel is a miserable village, but the ancient Magdala was a wealthy place, one of three cities, according to the Talmud, whose tribute had to be conveyed in waggons to Jerusalem (cf. Lightfoot on John 12:3). It had, however, an evil reputation, and was destroyed, according to the same authority, for harlotry, so that ‘Mary the Magdalene’ might be equivalent to ‘Mary the harlot’ (cf. ‘Corinthian Lais’). It is only fair, however, to add that many regard this as very precarious.
(2) ‘From whom seven demons had gone forth.’ In Jewish parlance, immorality was a form of demonic possession,* [3] and, just as the grace of the Holy Spirit is called ‘sevenfold,’† [Note: Od. Clun. Hymn. de S. Mar. Magdal.:
‘Qui septem purgat vitia
Per septiformem gratiam.’] so sevenfold possession might signify complete abandonment to the dominion of unclean passion. Cf. Matthew 12:45 = Luke 11:26. It is possible that Mary had been a harlot, that Jesus had rescued her from her life of shame, and that she followed Him out of gratitude. She was one of the devoted women who stood by the cross (John 19:25, Matthew 27:56 = Mark 15:40), watched His burial (Matthew 27:61 = Mark 15:47), and came on the Resurrection morning to the sepulehre (John 20:1 = Matthew 28:1 = Mark 16:1 = Luke 24:10). Finding it empty, she waited beside it weeping, and was rewarded with the first vision of the risen Lord (John 20:11-18, cf. Matthew 28:9-10).
3. Mary of Bethany.—She is first introduced by St. Luke (Luke 10:38-42), who tells how Jesus, probably on His way to the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2; John 7:10) in the third year of His ministry, reached ‘a certain village,’ and was hospitably received by ‘a certain woman by name Martha,’ who had a sister called Mary. The Feast of Tabernacles was a season of feasting and friendship. ‘They ate the fat and drank the sweet, and sent portions unto them for whom nothing was prepared, and made great mirth’ (Exodus 23:16, Leviticus 23:33-44, Numbers 29:12-38, Nehemiah 8:9-18). Martha, a good housewife, was busy making ready the festal cheer; but Mary, oblivious of all save the Lord’s presence, seated herself, in the posture of a disciple (cf. Acts 22:3), at His feet and listened to His discourse. Martha, ‘distracted about much service,’ interposed: ‘Lord, dost thou not care that my sister left me alone to serve? Tell her then to lend me a helping hand.’ ‘Martha, Martha,’ He answered, gently protesting against the sumptuousness of His hostess’s preparations, ‘thou art anxious and troubled about many things, but a few are all we need; or rather,’ He added, ‘only one thing;‡ [4] for it is the good “portion” that Mary chose, one which shall not be taken away from her.’ At that season, when they were all feasting and sending ‘portions,’ Mary was thinking not of the meat that perisheth, but of that which endureth unto eternal life.
St. Luke does not name the village where Martha and Mary dwelt. St. John tells us that it was Bethany, and that they had a brother named Lazarus (John 11:1-46). Some months later, when Jesus was at the other Bethany beyond Jordan, whither He had retired from Jerusalem to escape the fury of the rulers (John 10:40; cf. John 1:28 Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ), Lazarus fell sick, and his sisters sent Jesus word. For two days after He heard the news He remained where He was, and only when Lazarus died did He set out. His approach was reported to Martha, apparently the elder sister and mistress of the house; and she went to meet Him and sorrowfully upbraided Him: ‘Lord, hadst thou been here, my brother had not died.’ Assured of His sympathy and help, she returned home and, finding her sister among the mourners, whispered to her that the Teacher had come. Mary arose, and, hurrying to Him, fell at His feet, crying in the very words which Martha had used, the words which had been on their lips all those sorrowful days: ‘Lord, hadst thou been here, my brother had not died.’ Cf. art. Martha.
Mary appears a third time six days before the Passover, when Jesus was entertained in the house of Simon the Leper at Bethany, and she came in during the feast and anointed His feet (John 12:1-11; cf. Matthew 26:6-13 = Mark 14:3-9). See Anointing, I. 2.
Literature.—Lightfoot, Hor. Heb. ii. pp. 23, 388, 652; Hengstenb. on John 11:1-46; Andrews, Life of our Lord, pp. 281–286; artt. ‘Mary’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible and in Encyc. Bibl.
David Smith.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Mary, the Virgin
MARY, THE VIRGIN.—Historical data for the life of the mother of our Lord are astonishingly meagre. Legendary matter there is in abundance, with regard to her life both before the Annunciation and after the Ascension, but this art. will not touch on this except incidentally.
1. The Virgin Mary was born, we may suppose, at Nazareth. Tradition names Jerusalem (Cuinet, Syrie, Liban, et Palestine, p. 523), but this is quite untrustworthy. Her parents, according to a not improbable tradition, were Joachim and Anna (Protev. Jacob.). There is no reason to doubt that the Virgin, as well as Joseph, belonged to the tribe of Judah and to the family of David (Luke 1:32; Luke 1:69, Romans 1:3, 2 Timothy 2:8, Hebrews 7:14), although it is almost certain, on the other hand, that both Mt. and Lk. give, not her genealogy, but Joseph’s.
The statement of the Test. XII. Patr. (Simeon vii.), which makes Mary a woman of the tribe of Levi, is clearly an erroneous inference from the relationship between her and Elisabeth (cf. Plummer on Luke 1:27; Luke 1:36). Syr [1] sin reads, Luke 2:5, ‘because they were both of the house of David.’
Only one member of her immediate family is alluded to in the NT, viz. her sister (John 19:25). This sister of the Virgin was most probably Salome, wife of Zebedee, and mother of James and John. We know from the other Gospels (Matthew 27:56, Mark 15:40) that Salome was present at the Crueilixion, and it is quite in accordance with St. John’s manner to allude thus to his own mother without mentioning her name. The other opinion, that this sister was Mary ‘of Clopas,’ would (cf. Westcott, in loc., also Mayor, St. James, pp. xix–xx) ‘involve the most unlikely supposition that two sisters bore the same name.’ The family of the Virgin was connected in some way with Elisabeth (ἡ συγγενίς σου, Luke 1:36), but what the degree of relationship was cannot be known. According to a theory brought forward in connexion with the harmonizing of the two genealogies of our Lord, Mary was a cousin of Joseph her husband (art. ‘Genealogy of Jesus Christ’ in Smith’s DB [2] ), but such a theory has little to recommend it. That her family was but a humble one may be inferred from her betrothal to Joseph ‘the carpenter,’ especially if there be any truth in the tradition as to the disparity of their ages.
2. Some time after their betrothal, which came generally among the Jews a year before the marriage, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to Nazareth to tell her of One who was to be born of her, and who should ‘be called holy, the Son of God’ (Luke 1:35). The simplicity of the narrative bears on it the stamp of truth. Mary was troubled (διεταράχθη), we are told, at the saying, yet she believed at once. Her words, ‘How shall this be?’ ought not to be taken as an expression of doubt, like the words of Zacharias, ‘Whereby shall I know this?’ They are rather to be regarded as an ‘involuntary expression of amazement’ (Grot. ‘non dubitantis sed admirantis’). Equally impossible is it to suppose that she believed that the child promised would be the fruit of a future union with Joseph. The words of the angel forbid any such idea. Yet, on the other hand, we need not suppose that the full meaning of the angel’s words was at once grasped. There are evident signs in the narrative that this was not so, but nothing that we read mars the exquisite simplicity of her words of humble submission, ‘Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word.’ Soon after (‘in these days,’ Luke 1:39) the departure of the angel, Mary set out to pay the visit to her kinswoman, which his words would naturally suggest to her. The supposition that her journey was due to the intention of Joseph to put her away is a baseless one. Rather, as it has been said, ‘the first but the ever-deepening desire in the heart of Mary, when the angel left her, must have been to be away from Nazareth, and for the relief of opening her heart to a woman, in all things like-minded, who perhaps might speak blessed words to her’ (Edersheim, Life and Times, i. p. 152). She arose with haste and set out to seek that relief in the house of her kinswoman in the far-off hills of Judah.
What the city of her destination was we cannot know for certain. Whatever it was, it was distant from Nazareth by almost the whole length of the land. According to a tradition which may be correct (cf. ExpT [3] xv. [4] 245 f.), it was ‘Ain Karim, a village an hour and a half west of Jerusalem.
The opinion held for so long that this city was Juttah is, according to Buhl (GAP [5] p. 163), quite worthless, having originated with Reland in the beginning of the 18th century.
When Mary reached her kinswoman’s house, a fresh surprise awaited her in the greeting of Elisabeth: ‘Blessed art thou among women.’ No longer is Mary to Elisabeth simply ‘kinswoman,’ she is ‘the mother of my Lord.’ Doubtless what she had heard from Zacharias of the promises made in regard to their son would fill Elisabeth with hopes of a speedy appearance of the Messiah, and now, by inspiration (Luke 1:41), she knows that the mother of her Lord is before her. Her greeting is in reality a psalm, brief though it is and overshadowed by the still more wonderful hymn which it called forth in response. The ‘Song of Mary’ is ‘modelled on the OT psalms, especially the Song of Hannah (1 Samuel 2:1-10), but its superiority to the latter in moral and spiritual elevation is very manifest.’ That Mary should ‘fall back on the familiar expressions of Jewish Scripture in this moment of intense exultation’ is very natural (cf. Plummer, St. Luke, p. 30).
Niceta, bp. of Remesiana, in his treatise de Psalmodiae Bono, names Elisabeth as the author of the Magnificat. This is supported by the Old Latin Manuscripts Vercellensis, Veronensis, Rhedigeranus, and by Irenaeus. Origen also knew of the reading, though he did not accept it. The evidence adduced, however, does not seem sufficient to override the verdict of all the rest of antiquity, that the Hymn is Mary’s and not Elisabeth’s. See, further, art. Magnificat.
3. Mary remained with her kinswoman in Judah ‘about three months,’ probably waiting (cf. Luke 1:56 with v. 36) till after the birth of John the Baptist, and then returned to Nazareth. It is probably at this point that we ought to put the commencement of the narrative in Mt., which records Joseph’s intention to put Mary away privily when her condition became known to him, and speaks of his subsequent marriage with her in obedience to the angelic messages. The marriage would afford ‘not only outward but moral protection’ both to the mother and to the unborn Babe. That the Virgin is still spoken of as ἐμνηστευμένη in Luke 2:5 is not to be taken as necessarily indicating that the marriage had not yet taken place. Had she not been Joseph’s wife, Jewish custom would have forbidden her making the journey along with him. When Joseph went up to Bethlehem to get himself enrolled, Mary went also, not because it was necessary, but because ‘she would be anxious at all risks not to be separated from Joseph’ (Plummer, in loc.). At Bethlehem, perhaps in the cave where now is the Church of the Nativity, she brought forth her firstborn Son, and there, too, she received the visit of the shepherds, whose words as to the sign given them from heaven she ‘kept, pondering them in her heart.’
4. There is no need to linger on the next events,—the Circumcision, the Presentation and Purification in the Temple, the visit of the Magi, the Flight into and Return from Egypt,—for these all belong rather to the life of Christ than to that of Mary. Before leaving this part of her history, it may be well to emphasize how much of what we know of the Birth, Infancy, and Childhood of our Lord we owe to accounts given by His mother. That St. Luke’s source in the first two chapters of his Gospel was one connected with the Virgin is generally admitted. Whether he received his information directly from her, as Ramsay supposes (Was Christ born at Bethlehem? p. 85 ff.), or whether the information came to him indirectly through another (perhaps, as Sanday conjectures, Joanna), may not be determinable. At least we can say that St. Luke believed that he wrote what he wrote on her authority.
‘He does not,’ writes Ramsay (ib. p. 74), ‘leave it doubtful whose authority he believed himself to have. “His mother kept all these sayings hid in her heart”; “Mary kept all these sayings, pondering them in her heart”; those two sentences would be sufficient.’
5. The Return from Egypt was followed by a life in retirement at Nazareth. Very little do we know of those years. Two verses in Lk. (Luke 2:40-41), which tell us of the growth of the Child and the custom of His ‘parents’ to go every year to Jerusalem at the Feast of the Passover, are all we have in the way of direct statement. Here in Nazareth it was that those brothers and sisters of the Lord, of whom we read in the course of the Gospel narrative, were born to Mary and Joseph (for other views see art. Brethren of the Lord). Four brothers are named (Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3), but the sisters are mentioned only once (Mark 6:3), without any mention of their names.
The silence of the life at Nazareth is broken but once before the commencement of the Ministry. The scene in the Temple (Luke 2:42-50) would claim a fuller consideration in the Life of Jesus Christ. As regards its relation to His mother, we have to notice only two points which emerge from St. Luke’s narrative. Mary did not yet understand all the meaning of the angel’s words to her regarding the Child that was to be born. The Child’s own words would be a reminder to her of His true nature. He must be ‘about his Father’s business’ (or ‘in his Father’s house’). Then again we see from the passage the lasting impression which the scene left on Mary’s mind. ‘His mother kept (συνετήρει) all these sayings in her heart.’ The tense of the verb covers a long period, up to, and even during, the Ministry. Yet of the Virgin’s life during the interval between our Lord’s twelfth year and His Baptism we know nothing but what is contained in these words and those which immediately precede, as to her Son’s subjection to her and Joseph. It is, however, an easily drawn inference from the absence of any mention of Joseph in the later Gospel narrative, that he died during this interval. Beyond this it is useless to conjecture. ‘The Arabic Historia Josephi (cc. 14, 15) places his death in our Lord’s eighteenth year, when Joseph had reached the age of 111’ (Swete on Mark 6:3).
6. The remaining allusions to the Virgin in the Gospels may be briefly recorded. She was present at the marriage feast at Cana (John 2:1), after which she went down to Capernaum (John 2:12) with Jesus and His brethren and His disciples. She would seem to have been among ‘his friends’ (οἱ παρʼ αὐτοῦ) at Capernaum, who ‘went out to lay hold on him’ (Mark 3:21), for the next paragraph tells us of the coming of His mother and His brethren (Mark 3:31). She is mentioned by the unknown woman out of the multitude (Luke 11:27), ‘Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the breasts that thou didst suck.’ She was present at the Crucifixion, whence the loved disciple, into whose care she had been committed, took her to his own home (John 19:25 ff.). It is not a little remarkable, in view of later developments, that no fewer than three of these allusions seem to guard against an undue feeling of veneration for the mother of our Lord, In the story of the feast at Cana, His words, though not wanting in respect, ‘show that the actions of the Son of God, now that He has entered on His Divine work, are no longer dependent in any way on the suggestion of a woman, even though that woman be His mother.… The time of silent discipline and obedience is over’ (Westcott, in loc.). In the scene at Capernaum the lesson is much the same, though the interference of Mary and our Lord’s brethren on this occasion seems to have arisen from a different motive. They are seeking to oppose His work. Before they reach Him He understands their purpose, and declares that the true kinship to the Son of God consists in obedience to the will of God, and not in mere earthly ties. It is, of course, as Swete observes (St. Mark, p. 70), ‘a relative attitude only, and is perfectly consistent with tender care for kinsmen, as the saying on the cross shows.’ These two scenes at Cana and Capernaum belong to the beginning of the Ministry, and similarly, almost at its close, we have Christ’s words, during the last journey from Galilee to Jerusalem, in answer to the saying of the woman above mentioned, ‘Yea, rather (μενοῦν), blessed are they that hear the word of God and keep it (Luke 11:28).’ This adds to and corrects the woman’s words. There is no denial of the Virgin’s blessedness, only a declaration of that wherein her blessedness consists, a blessedness which may be shared by all who, like her, hear the word of God and keep it.
Why it was that the Virgin was committed by our Lord on the cross to John can be only a matter of conjecture. It may be, as Mayor suggests (St. James, p. xxvii), that her sons, as married men (1 Corinthians 9:5), were already dispersed in their several homes, while John her nephew was unmarried, and so could more readily accept such a charge. All we know is that ‘from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home (John 19:27).
7. After this the only glimpse we get of Mary is in Acts 1:14, where she is mentioned as continuing steadfastly in prayer with the other women and the brethren and Apostles of the Lord, after the Ascension. Whether she lived the rest of her life in Palestine, or accompanied St. John to Ephesus, cannot be known. Traditions there are, but they vary. According to one, found in Nicephorus Callistus (Historia Ecclesiastica ii. 3), she continued to live with St. John in Jerusalem, and died there in her fifty-ninth year. Another tradition, found in the Synodical Letter of the Council of Ephesus (a.d. 431), makes her accompany St. John to Ephesus, and speaks of her as having been buried in that city.
J. M. Harden.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Allies, Mary Helen
(1852-1927) Writer, daughter of [1], born Henley in Arden, Warwickshire, England. She was secretary to her father, 1873-90. Among her works are "Life of Pius VII," "History of the Church in England," and "Thomas William Allies."
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Aikenhead, Mary
Foundress of Irish Sisters of Charity, born Cork, Ireland, 1787; died Dublin, Ireland, 1858. She embraced Catholicism in 1802 and became active in charitable work. When she wished to enter the religious life Archbishop Murray of Dublin desired her to found a congregation of the Sisters of Charity in Ireland. This she did, 1815, assuming the name of Sister Mary Augustine. As superior-general she directed her Sisters in their heroic work during the Asiatic cholera plague of 1832 in Dublin and Cork. At her death the order embraced ten institutions, besides missions and other charitable enterprises.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Hail Mary
Most familiar prayer used by the Church in honor of the Mother of God, made up of the salutation of Angel Gabriel, the greeting of Saint Elizabeth (Luke 1), and a petition framed by the Church.
Hail Mary! Full of grace, the Lord is with you. Blessed are thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Guise, Mary
Sister of Francois Guise, born 1515; died Edinburgh, Scotland, 1560. The widow of Louis II d'Orleans, she married James V of Scotland, and on his death was made regent for her daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots. During the politico-religious disturbances of the times she was deprived of her office through the agency of John Knox.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Amadeus of the Heart of Jesus, Mother Mary
Ursuline missionary among the Indians, born Akron, Ohio, 1846; died Seattle, Washington, 1920. Elected superior at Toledo, 1874, she founded twelve Indian missions in Montana and the missions of Yukon Delta, Saint Michaels, and Valdez, in Alaska, and was appointed provincial superior of the northern United States.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Alacoque, Margaret Mary, Saint
Virgin, apostle of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, born Lhautecour, France, 1647; died Paray-Ie- Monial, 1690. From early childhood she was intensely devoted to the Blessed Sacrament. After four years suffering from paralysis she was miraculously cured by Our Lady. Having vowed to consecrate herself to the religious life, she entered the Visitation Convent at Paray, where she was distinguished for obedience, humility, and love of suffering. The visions of Christ, with which she had been favored in her youth, continued, and He made known to her that she was to be the apostle of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, charging her to reveal to mankind the favors in store for those practising it, and inspiring her to establish the Holy Hour and the custom of receiving Holy Communion on the first Friday of each month. Buried in the chapel of Paray. Canonized, 1920. Feast, October 17,.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mary Magdalene
I cannot prevail upon myself to pass over this memorable name, without shortly noticing the distinguishing mercy of the Lord Jesus manifested to this poor sinner. She was the first, we are told, that had the honour and holy joy afforded her, lo have an interview with Christ after he arose from the dead, (Mark 16:9) It was not Peter, nor James, nor John, no, nor any of the whole college of the apostles, to whom Jesus first shewed himself. A woman is marked out for this peculiar privilege, yea, and such a woman as one might hare supposed would have been not the first upon the occasion; for we are told, that Jesus had cast out of her seven devils. And what is more remarkable, the Holy Ghost is particular to tell the church this, in the same moment he speaks of the mercy; for so the sweet and gracious words run" Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary, Magdalene, out of whom he cast seven devils;"Did the kind compassionate, Lord mean to say by this condescending act of grace, that there he will be most gracious where Satan hath been most, cruel? Did he thereby mean to intimate to all his disciples, that the poor lamb of his fold shall have, the softest lying down in his bosom, whom the prowling wolf hath most torn and worried with his claws? Oh! that every deeply-exercised follower of the Lord Jesus would frequently think of this; and, as often as this Magdalene riseth to their recollection, would behold the Lord Jesus in this unequalled act of mercy, that "where sin abounded, grace doth much more abound; that as sin hath reigned unto death, so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord?" (Romans 5:21)
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mary
We meet with many of the name of Mary in the New Testament:
·The Virgin Mary.
·Mary, the mother of James and John.
·Mary, the mother of Mark.
·Mary, the wife of Cleophas.
·Mary, called also Salome.
·Mary, a pious woman whom the apostle Paul mentions. (Romans 16:6)
The word of God has recorded the names of those women as followers of the Lord Jesus, and from the interest they took in what concerned Christ; but with their history farther, excepting the Virgin Mary, and Mary Magdalene, we are not much acquainted. Concerning the Virgin Mary, we are most highly interested to have the clearest apprehension of her person and history, in that part which concerns the incarnation of the Lord Jesus; and therefore, in a work of this
kind, I should consider it most highly deficient, if it were wholly passed over. I mean however, to be very brief upon, it, and only say enough to convey, to that class of readers for whom this Concordance is designed, clear apprehensions in what light the holy Scriptures explain to us the miraculous conception of Mary, and the incarnation of the Lord Jesus. I begin then from that part where the Lord Jesus begins to proclaim to the church, by the spirit of prophecy, the event of his coming. "Wherefore, when he cometh into the world," (Hebrews 10:5, etc.) "he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me." Now here observe, Christ, by the spirit of prophecy, is speaking of the Father. Let this be marked down as first in the memorandum of this glorious mysterious subject. Then turn to the evangelist Luke, (Luke 1:35) where we find, at the visit of the angel to Mary, to inform her of the miraculous conception, when Mary expressed her astonishment at the salutation, and modestly intimated the impossibility of the thing, the angel made this remarkable answer: "The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore, also, that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God." Here let it be equally marked down, in strong memorandums of the heart, the part which God the Holy Ghost had in this stupendous work. We see then both the hand of God the Father, and God the Holy Ghost, in their personal offices and characters, engaged in the great undertaking; and that we might not overlook the part which Jesus himself had in it also, as God the Son, we are expressly told: that he took our nature upon him for the purpose of redemption, The words of the Holy Ghost on this point are very strong, and very particular. "Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same." So again—, "For verily he took not on him the nature of angels, but he took on him the seed of Abraham." (See Hebrews 2:14; Heb 2:16) Let this also be put down in the mind, and then sum it up as a lesson in arithmetic. All the persons of the GODHEAD, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, had their almighty hand in the mysterious work of Christ's incarnation. This premised, we may now go farther, and observe that this body given by the Father, produced by the overshadowing power of the Holy Ghost, and taken by the Son, is to be of the same nature and quality as our nature, sin only excepted; for the more he is like to his redeemed in nature, the more suited he is to be our Mediator. Hence the Scripture saith, that "in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people." (Hebrews 2:17) It is plain then, that he must be man, bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh. An angel's nature would not have suited the purpose of redemption: it was human nature that had sinned, and broken the divine law; it must be human nature that shall make amends, by obedience and death. The justice of God, though permitting a substitute and surety, will not permit that substitute and surety in any other nature than man. "The soul that sinneth it shall die." Hence, therefore, observe the beauty and the order in the divine government, for which the Lord Jesus took not on him the nature of angels but the seed of Abraham.
Let us advance a step farther. We see the blessedness and propriety that the Redeemer should be man, and not an angel;—the next enquiry is, how this manhood shall be united with the GODHEAD in the most suitable and becoming manner, agreeably to the purposes of the divine counsel and will, so as to answer all the great ends of redemption. Certainly the Son of God might have assumed a body such as ours, consisting both of flesh and spirit, and formed, as the first earthly man Adam was, of nothing; but then this would not have been what Scripture saith Christ must be, of "the seed of the woman," and what the promise declared. (See Genesis 3:15) And beside, the triumph of Christ over hell and the prince of darkness, would not have been as the promise declared it should be—"the seed of the woman to bruise the serpent's head." Hence, therefore, the Redeemer must be born of a woman, must be in all points like to his brethren, sin only excepted, both for the salvation of his people and the destruction of his enemies. But still it may be asked, could not all this have been done in Christ becoming man from the woman, as the woman originally was from the man. For we road that at the creation, the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh instead thereof: and the rib, which the Lord God had taken from the man, made he a woman. (Genesis 2:21-23) No doubt the Lord God could have done this by the manhood of Christ; and in this case, it might have been said of the second Adam, as the first Adam said to Eve, "this is now bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh." (Genesis 2:22) But neither could this have been called a birth, nor of the seed of the woman; neither would this have suited the purposes of redemption; for the Scripture saith, that "when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons." (Galatians 4:4-5) And elsewere it is said, "that both he that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all one, for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren." (Hebrews 2:11) But had Christ, in his human nature, been produced from the rib of the woman, there would have been no such relationship as there now is; neither, as before remarked, would Christ have been of the seed of the woman, neither born under the law.
We find then, that for Christ to be of the seed of the woman, of the same flesh and blood with those he came to redeem, and to be born under the law, to redeem them that are under the law, he must still come nearer to our nature, and be born as the children are born, only with that distinguishing and vast difference, that though he partakes of our nature, yet it is the sinless infirmities of our nature only. He is, and must be, truly and properly man; as he is, and must be, truly and properly God; being "one with the Father, over all, God blessed for ever. Amen." But in assuming our nature, he will still be "holy, harmless, undefiled separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens." (Hebrews 7:26)
Now, in the accomplishment of this great and mysterious work, the formation of the body of Christ, it is blessed to see how very particular the sacred writers are to describe the (modus operandi) method of the divine working in this purpose. The original promise at the fall was, that Christ should be of the "seed of the woman;" and accordingly we find the prophet, in the after-ages, commissioned by the Holy Ghost to tell the church that "a virgin should conceive, and bear a son." (Isaiah 7:14) Now observe the expression conceive: not a conception, as in the ordinary way of generation, in our fallen race; for this is by corrupt and sinful creatures; and therefore David very properly saith, "in sin did my mother conceive me." (Psalms 51:5) But in the instance of the Virgin's conception, this was without the intervention of an human father, and consequently no sin in the conception; neither sin in the seed conceived, because this was by the miraculous impregnation and overshadowing power of the Holy Ghost. And here lie the holiness and blessedness, as well as the power and wisdom, of the almighty work. It was a conception of the Virgin, not a generation. Christ was conceived by the Virgin, not begotten; for it is said, he was made of a woman. And it is not the place or the womb that defiles, but the nature from whom it is begotten or conceived, as in our ordinary nature from Adam all along hath been done. But in the instance of the human nature Of Christ, begotten as it was by the overshadowing power of God the Holy Ghost, Christ is very properly, by way of distinction, called that holy thing, (not that holy person, but thing) to imply a conception without a generation. Here then we see in what view we are to consider the incarnation of the Lord Jesus, and of consequence the person and character of the Virgin Mary.
And it is a most blessed and soul-satisfying view, when opened to our understanding by the Holy Ghost, what the same Almighty Author of his sacred word hath taught us concerning it in the Scriptures of eternal tRuth We now discover the suitability of our dear Redeemer for the great purposes of his mission, and plainly perceive how needful such a priest is for us, "who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens." Well might the Lord Jesus, by the spirit of prophecy, declare, as he doth, (Psalms 139:1-24) (which, I venture to believe, refers principally, if not wholly, to the Lord Jesus Christ) "I am fearfully and wonderfully made. My substance was not hid from thee when I was made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest paths of the earth." If, as we have before noticed, and from the authority of Scripture, Christ's body was the Father's gift, (Hebrews 10:5) and if the Holy Ghost, in his overshadowing power, was the almighty: worker in the dark place of the virgin's womb, here called "the lowest parts of the earth," what blessedness is given to the view of the subject amidst all the mysteriousness of it, and how are we taught to honour, reverence, love, and praise the whole united persons of the GODHEAD for those wonders of redemption by Jesus Christ. "Thanks be unto God, I would say, (will not the reader join my spirit in it?) for his unspeakable gift!" (2 Corinthians 9:15)
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Also known as Annunciation of the Lord
Feast of the Incarnation
Memorial March 25,
Profile The annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel that she was to be the Mother of God (Luke 1), the Word being made flesh through the power of the Holy Spirit. The feast probably originated about the time of the Council of Ephesus, c.431,and is first mentioned in the Sacramentary of Pope Gelasius (died 496). The Annunciation is represented in art by many masters, among them Fra Angelico, Hubert Van Eyck, Jan Van Eyck, Ghirlandajo, Holbein the Elder, Lippi, Pinturicchio, and Del Sarto.
Name Meaning Latin: ad, to; nuntius, messenger
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Memorial August 15,
Description The feast celebrates the assumption of the body of the Blessed Virgin Mary into heaven upon her death. According to Pope Benedict XIV, it is a probable opinion, which it is impious to deny, though not an article of faith. The origin of the feast day is not known but it was celebrated in Palestine before the year 500. It is a holy day of obligation, its vigil being a fast day, in all English-speaking countries except Canada. Among the many masters who have painted the subject of the Assumption are Fra Angelico, Ghirlandajo, Rubens, Del Sarto, and Titian.
Name Meaning; ad, to; sumere, to take (latin)
Patronage Acadians
Alezio, Italy
archdiocese of Seattle, Washington, USA
Arquata Scrivia, Piedmont, Italy
Bard, Aosta, Italy
Bolzano, Italy
Cajuns
Carentino, Piedmont, Italy
Casal Cermelli, Piedmont, Italy
Cerreto d'Esi, Ancona, Italy
Cistercian Order
Coniolo, Piedmont, Italy
Decollatura, Italy
diocese of Bathurst, Canada
diocese of Cheyenne, Wyoming, USA
diocese of Fall River, Massachusetts, USA
diocese of Fargo, North Dakota, USA
diocese of Galway and Kilmacduagh, Ireland
diocese of Greensburg, Pennsylvania, USA
diocese of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines
diocese of Trenton, New Jersey, USA
Etroubles, Aosta, Italy
Fabbrica Curone, Piedmont, Italy
fish dealers
fishmongers
France
French air crews
Ghaxaq, Malta
Guatemala
Guazzora, Piedmont, Italy
Gudja, Malta
Hal Ghaxaq, Malta
harness makers
Il-Gudja, Malta
Il-Mosta, Malta
India
Issogne, Aosta, Italy
Jamaica
Loro Ciuffenna, Arezzo, Italy
Maryland, USA
Moncestino, Piedmont, Italy
Montecastello, Piedmont, Italy
Montegioco, Piedmont, Italy
Morlupo, Italy
Mosta, Malta
Paraguay
Pian di Sco, Arezzo, Italy
Slovakia
South Africa
Stia, Arezzo, Italy
Trapani, Sicily, Italy
Trisobbio, Piedmont, Italy
Villeneuve, Aosta, Italy
Zia Indian Pueblo
Storefront Commercial Links related to Our Lady of the Assumption
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions
Of the Assumption of Mary, by Saint Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Hofbauer, Clement Mary, Saint
(John Dvorák) (1751-1821) Confessor, apostle of Vienna, second founder of the Redemptorists, born Tasswitz, Moravia; died Vienna. He studied at Vienna, and visiting Rome as a pilgrim, he joined the Redemptorist Order and was ordained, 1785. With a companion, Thaddäus Hübl, he introduced the congregation into Warsaw, 1786, where it had phenomenal success until 1808, when its houses were suppressed and the fathers exiled from the grand-duchy. Clement then acted as chaplain to an Ursuline convent in Vienna. He was the chief supporter of religion in Austria, and contributed greatly to the extinction of Josephinism. Canonized, 1909. Feast, March 15,.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Mary
Same as Miriam
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Espousals of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Formerly a feast celebrated on January 23, in honor of the Blessed Virgin's espousal to Saint Joseph. It dates from 1517 when it was granted to the nuns of the Annunciation by Leo X with nine other Masses in honor of Our Lady. Adopted by many religious orders and dioceses, it was observed for a time by nearly the whole Church, but is no longer in the Calendar. It is the subject of a famous painting by Raphael and Viterbo.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Formerly a feast observed December 18,. It originated in Spain, when the feast of the Annunciation (March 25,) was transferFed to December 18, because of the regulation forbidding feasts in Lent, and remained on this date after the Annunciation was again celebrated on its original date. It impressed on the faithful the sentiments of the Blessed Virgin as the time of her delivery approached.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mary Magdalene
First spoken of as one who ministered to the Lord of her substance, to which is added that seven demons had been cast out of her. The two things stand in wonderful contrast; in the one she was completely under the power of Satan, and in the other she was ministering to the Lord Jesus. Luke 8:2,3 . Nothing more is related of Mary until the crucifixion, when she is mentioned by name as being with the other women, gazing at the One she loved on the cross. She waited to see where the body was laid, then rested during the Sabbath, and on Saturday evening she bought spices with which to embalm the Lord's body, but early the next morning she found the tomb empty. She ran with the news to Peter and John; who came and verified her statement, but went away again to their own home. Mary however could not leave the spot; and looking again into the tomb, she saw two angels there, to whom she lamented the loss of the body. The Lord revealed Himself to her, and comforted her broken heart by speaking her name 'Mary,' to which she replied, 'Rabboni,' or teacher. He sent her to His disciples with the wonderful message, "I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God." This would be as true of her as of them. Her deep love was thus rewarded. Matthew 27:56 ; John 19:25 ; John 20:1-18 . She is really called 'Mary of Magdala,' a town near the Sea of Galilee: her name and her character are not in any way connected with the modern term of 'Magdalen.'
Whyte's Dictionary of Bible Characters - Joseph And Mary
SAINT MATTHEW and Saint Luke, the first and the third Evangelists, tell us all that we are told of Mary. They tell us that she was the espoused wife of Joseph a carpenter of Nazareth, and that the Divine Call came to her after her espousal to Joseph and before her marriage. What a call it was, and what a prospect it opened up! No sooner was Mary left alone of the angel than she began to realise something of what had been appointed her, and what she must now prepare herself to pass through. The sharp sword that the aged Simeon afterwards spoke of with such passion was already whetted, and was fast approaching her devoted and exposed heart. On a thousand sacred canvases throughout Christendom we are shown the angel of the annunciation presenting Mary with a branch of lily as an emblem of her beauty and as a seal of her purity. But why has no spiritual artist stained the whiteness of the lily with the red blood of a broken heart? For no sooner had the transfiguring light of the angel's presence faded from her sight than a deep and awful darkness began to fall upon Joseph's espoused wife. Surely if ever a suffering soul had to seek all its righteousness and all its strength in God alone, it was the soul of the Virgin Mary in those terrible days that followed the annunciation. Blessed among women as all the time she was; unblemished in soul and in body like the paschal lamb as she was; like the paschal lamb also she was set apart to be a divine sacrifice, and to have a sword thrust through her heart. Mary must have passed through many dark and dreadful days when all she had given her to lean upon would seem like a broken reed. Hail, thou that art highly favoured of the Lord, the angel had said to her. But all that would seem but so many mocking words to her as she saw nothing before her but an open shame, and, it might well be, an outcast's death. And, so fearfully and wonderfully are we made, and so fearful and wonderful was the way in which the Word was made flesh, that who can tell how all this may have borne on Him who was bone of her bone, and flesh of her flesh; to whom Mary was in all things a mother, as He was in all things to her a son. For,
Hers was the face that unto Christ had most resemblance.
Great is the mystery of godliness: God manifest in the flesh. A man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. These are the beginnings of sorrows.
Joseph's part in all this is told us by Saint Matthew alone. And as we read that Evangelist's particular account of that time, we see how sharp that sword was which pierced Joseph's soul also. His heart was broken with this terrible trial, but there was only one course left open to him. Conclude the marriage he could not, but neither could he consent to make Mary a public example, and there was only left to him the sad step of revoking the contract and putting her away privately. Joseph's heart must have been torn in two. For Mary had been the woman of all women to him. She had been in his eyes the lily among thorns. And now to have to treat her like a poisonous weed-the thought of it drove him mad. Oh, why is it that whosoever comes at all near Jesus Christ has always to drink such a cup of sorrow? Truly they who are brother or sister or mother to Him must take up their cross daily. These are they who go up through great tribulation.
What a journey that must have been of Mary from Nazareth to Hebron, and occupied with what thoughts. Mary's way would lead her through Jerusalem. She may have crossed Olivet as the sun was setting. She may have knelt at even in Gethsemane. She may have turned aside to look on the city from Calvary. What a heavy heart she must have carried through all these scenes as she went into the hill country with haste. Only two, out of God, knew the truth about Mary; an angel in heaven, and her own heart on earth. And thus it was that she fled to the mountains of Judah, hoping to find there an aged kinswoman of hers who would receive her word and would somewhat understand her case. As she stumbled on drunk with sorrow Mary must have recalled and repeated many blessed scriptures, well known to her indeed, but till then little understood. "Commit thy way unto the Lord; trust also in Him, and He will bring it to pass; and He shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday. Thou shalt keep them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of men; thou shalt keep them in a pavilion from the strife of tongues." Such a pavilion Mary sought and for a season found in the remote and retired household of Zacharias and Elizabeth.
It is to the meeting of Mary and Elizabeth that we owe the Magnificat, the last Old Testament psalm, and the first New Testament hymn, "My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour." We cannot enter into all Mary's thoughts as she sang that spiritual song, any more than she could in her day enter into all our thoughts as we sing it. For, noble melody as her Magnificat is, it draws its deepest tones from a time that was still to come. The spirit of Christian prophecy moved her to utter it, but the noblest and fullest prophecy concerning Christ fell far short of the evangelical fulfilment.
She is a happy maiden who has a mother or a motherly friend much experienced in the ways of the human heart to whom she can tell all her anxieties; a wise, tender, much-experienced counsellor, such as Naomi was to Ruth, and Elizabeth to Mary. Was the Virgin an orphan, or was Mary's mother such a woman that Mary could have opened her heart to any stranger rather than to her? Be that as it may, Mary found a true mother in Elizabeth of Hebron. Many a holy hour the two women spent together sitting under the terebinths that overhung the dumb Zacharias's secluded house. And, if at any time their faith wavered and the thing seemed impossible, was not Zacharias beside them with his sealed lips and his writing table, a living witness to the goodness and severity of God? How Mary and Elizabeth would stagger and reason and rebuke and comfort one another, now laughing like Sarah, now singing like Hannah, let loving and confiding and pious women tell.
Sweet as it is to linger in Hebron beside Mary and Elizabeth, our hearts are always drawn back to Joseph in his unspeakable agony. The absent are dear, just as the dead are perfect. And Mary's dear image became to Joseph dearer still when he could no longer see her face or hear her voice. Nazareth was empty to Joseph; it was worse than empty, it was a city of sepulchres in which he sought for death and could not find it. Day after day, week after week, Joseph's misery increased, and when, as his wont was, he went up to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, that only made him feel his loneliness and his misery all the more. Mary's sweet presence had often made the holy place still more holy to him, and her voice in the Psalms had been to him as when an angel sings. On one of those Sabbaths which the exiled Virgin was spending at Hebron Joseph went up again to the sanctuary in Nazareth seeking to hide his great grief with God. And this, I feel sure, was the Scripture appointed to be read in the synagogue that day: "Ask thee a sign of the Lord thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above. Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a sign: Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel." Joseph's heart was absolutely overwhelmed within him as he listened to that astounding Scripture. Never had ear or heart of man heard these amazing words as Joseph heard them that day. And then, when he laid himself down to sleep that night, his pillow became like a stone under his head. Not that he was cast out; but he had cast out another, and she the best of God's creatures. Ay, and she perhaps-how shall he whisper it even to himself at midnight-the virgin-mother of Immanuel! A better mother he could not have. So speaking to himself till he was terrified at his own thoughts, weary with another week's lonely labour, and aged with many weeks' agony and despair, Joseph fell asleep. Then a thing was secretly brought to him, and his ear received a little thereof. There was silence, and he heard a voice saying to him, "Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost." Gabriel was sent to reassure Joseph's despairing heart, to demand the consummation of the broken-off marriage, and to announce the Incarnation of the Son of God. Did Joseph arise before daybreak and set out for Hebron to bring his outcast home? There is room to believe that he did. If he did, the two angel-chastened men must have had their own thoughts and counsels together even as the two chosen women had. And as Joseph talked with Zacharias through his writing table, he must have felt that dumbness, and even death itself, would be but a light punishment for such unbelief and such cruelty as his. But all this, and all that they had passed through since the angel came to Zacharias at the altar, only made the re-betrothal of Joseph and Mary the sweeter and the holier, with the aged priest acting more than the part of a father, and Elizabeth acting more than the part of a mother.
For my own part, I do not know the gift or the grace or the virtue any woman ever had that I could safely deny to Mary. The divine congruity compels me to believe that all that could be received or attained or exercised by any woman would be granted beforehand, and all but without measure, to her who was so miraculously to bear, and so intimately and influentially to nurture and instruct, the Holy Child. We must give Mary her promised due. We must not allow ourselves to entertain a grudge against the mother of our Lord because some enthusiasts for her have given her more than her due. There is no fear of our thinking too much either of Mary's maidenly virtues, or of her motherly duties and experiences. The Holy Ghost in guiding the researches of Luke, and in superintending the composition of the Third Gospel, especially signalises the depth and the piety and the peace of Mary's mind. At the angel's salutation she did not swoon nor cry out. She did not rush either into terror on the one hand or into transport on the other. But like the heavenly-minded maiden she was, she cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. And later on, when all who heard it were wondering at the testimony of the shepherds, it is instructively added that Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart. And yet again, when another twelve years have passed by, we find the same Evangelist still pointing out the same distinguishing feature of Mary's saintly character, "They understood not the saying which Jesus spake unto them; but His mother kept all these sayings in her heart."
And, again, if we are to apply this sure principle to Mary's case, "according to your faith so be it unto you," then Mary must surely wear the crown as the mother of all them who believe on her Son. If Abraham's faith has made him the father of all them who believe, surely Mary's faith entitles her to be called their mother. If the converse of our Lord's words holds true, that no mighty work is done where there is unbelief: if we may safely reason that where there has been a mighty work done there must have been a corresponding and a co-operating faith; then I do not think we can easily overestimate the measure of Mary's faith. If this was the greatest work ever wrought by the power and the grace of Almighty God among the children of men, and if Mary's faith entered into it at all, then how great her faith must have been! Elizabeth saw with wonder and with worship how great it was. She saw the unparalleled grace that had come to Mary, and she had humility and magnanimity enough to acknowledge it. "Blessed art thou among women: Blessed is she that believeth, for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord." "Blessed is she that believeth," said Elizabeth, no doubt with some sad thoughts about herself and about her dumb husband sitting beside her. "Blessed is the womb that bare Thee," cried on another occasion a nameless but a true woman, as her speech bewrayeth her, "and Blessed be the paps that Thou hast sucked." But our Lord answered her, and said, "Yea, rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God and keep it." And again, "Whosoever shall do the will of My Father in heaven, the same is My brother, and sister, and mother
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mary, the Mother of Jesus
She was the virgin that was prophesied of in the O.T. who was to bear a son. Isaiah 7:14 . Gabriel was sent from God to announce to her that the Holy Spirit should come upon her, and the power of the Highest should overshadow her, and she should bring forth a Son, and should call His name JESUS. She had asked how it should be, and it being thus explained she piously answered, "Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word." She then went to visit her cousin Elisabeth, who, being filled with the Holy Spirit, pronounced her blessed, and hailed her as 'the mother of my Lord.' Mary also praised God: He had regarded the low estate of His handmaid: all generations would call her blessed. Luke 1:26-56 .
An enrolment, or census, decreed by the imperial power of Rome, caused Joseph, to whom Mary had been espoused, to take her to the city of Bethlehem, where, according to prophecy, Jesus was born. Thither came shepherds to whom His birth had been announced by angels, accompanied by a multitude of the heavenly host praising God. Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart. When the babe was presented in the temple the pious Simeon blessed Mary, but had to tell her that a sword should pierce through her own soul. Homage was also rendered to Him by the Magi, but, to avoid the murderous intentions of Herod, Joseph was directed to carry Mary and the young child into Egypt. On returning they abode in Nazareth.
Mary is next met with when Jesus remained at Jerusalem after the Passover, and was found among the doctors. This had caused her great anxiety, and she had to hear His mysterious reply as to being about His Father's business. She was with Him and His disciples at the marriage feast at Cana, when He uttered another mysterious sentence: "Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come." She nevertheless instructed the servants to do whatever He told them, which resulted in their having the best wine at the end (as it will be in the kingdom). Once afterwards Mary came with His 'brethren' desiring to speak with Him; but again a mysterious saying declared that those who did the will of His Father were His brother, and sister, and mother. Matthew 12:46-50 .
No doubt Mary subsequently understood the depth of these sayings when she came to learn what His death accomplished. She stood near the cross and saw her Son and her Lord nailed thereto: now the sword must have pierced her soul. She was commended by the Lord to the care of John, who took her to his own home. She was with the eleven at Jerusalem waiting for the gift of the Holy Spirit, and that is the last record we have of her. Christians gladly call her Blessed, for indeed it was a high honour to be the mother of Jesus; but it is not revealed that she held any place of authority or privilege beyond other saints; indeed, the way the Lord spoke to her, and of her, contradicts any such theory. Jesus was called her 'first-born son,' clearly implying that she had other children. The crowds said, "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us?" Mark 6:3 , etc.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mary, Sister of Lazarus And Martha
The three are spoken of as those whom Jesus loved. They resided at Bethany, where they were privileged to welcome the Lord Jesus as a guest. On one of these visits Mary took her place at the feet of the Lord, feasting upon the words that fell from His lips. Martha wanted her help, but the Lord declared that one thing was needful, and Mary had chosen that good part, which should not be taken away from her. Luke 10:38-42 . The heart of Mary was riven at the death of Lazarus. Word had been sent to the Lord that he was sick, and yet He had not come. When Jesus arrived Mary exclaimed, as Martha had done previously, "Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died:" but Mary said it at the feet of the Lord. Jesus wept, and Mary thus learned His sympathy, and had a fresh taste of the good part which death could not take from her. To Martha Jesus said that she should have her brother back, and should see the power of death broken by the One who was "the resurrection and the life;" but Mary had Himself. John 11:1-44 .
Afterwards, when they made the Lord a supper, a few days before He suffered, Mary, in full appreciation of her Lord, anointed His head and His feet with costly ointment. Judas and others were indignant at what they called 'waste,' but the Lord defended Mary's action, and said He was being anointed for His burial: this act should be told of her in the whole world. Nothing was too costly to be spent upon such a Lord. John 12:1-8 : cf. Matthew 26:6-13 ; Mark 14:3-9 . It should be noted that this is not the same event as that recorded in Luke 7:36-50 .
Whyte's Dictionary of Bible Characters - Mary Magdalene
THERE is a still unsettled dispute among New Testament scholars as to how many Marys there are in the Gospels, and then as to their identification. But our dispute will not be as to this Mary or that, but only as to ourselves. No, nor even as to who and what were the seven devils that at one time had made such a hell in Mary Magdalene's heart. Our whole dispute and debate shall be to let in some light from heaven on the bottomless pit of our own hearts, so as to scare out of our hearts some of the seven devils who still haunt and harbour there.
Seven timesThe letter that denotes the inward stain,He on my forehead, with the truthful pointOf his drawn sword inscribed. And, 'Look,' he cried,When enter'd, that thou wash these scars away.'We do not know just what Mary Magdalene's seven scars were. But for our learning, Dante's own seven scars are written all over his superb auto-biographical book. And Dante's identical scars are inscribed again every returning Fourth Day in Bishop Andrewes's Private Devotions. Solomon has the same scars also: "These six things doth the Lord hate. Yea, seven are an abomination unto Him." And, again: "When he speaketh fair, believe him not, for there are seven abominations in his heart." And John Bunyan has the very same number at the end of his Grace Abounding: "I find to this day these seven abominations in my heart." And then Bunyan is bold enough, and humble-minded enough, to actually name his scars for the comfort and encouragement of his spiritual children. Now, what are your seven scars? What are your seven abominations in your heart? What are the six things, yea seven, in your heart that the Lord hates? It is almost our whole salvation to ask and to answer that question. Because it is a law of devils; it is their diabolical nature, and it is a first principle of their existence and indwelling and possession of a man, that they never make their presence known in any man till he begins to name them and cast them and curse them out. He does not at all feel their full power, and the whole pain, and shame, and distress, and disgust of their presence till he is almost delivered from them. They rage and roar and tear and gnash our hearts to pieces when they begin to see that their time in us is to be short. But, till then, we are absolutely insensible to their very existence, either outside of us or inside. It was an old aphorism of the deep old divines, and they took it, if I mistake not, out of the deep old stoies: "All vices are in all men; but all vices are not all extant in all men." As much as to say: 'All the seven devils are in every man's heart, but they do not all rage and rend equally in every man's heart: no, nor in the same man's heart at all times. The very devils have their times and their seasons like everything else.' Now, though Mary Magdalene is my text, it is of little real interest or importance to me who and what her seven devils were, unless in so far as that would cast some light in upon my own possession; yours and mine. But, on the other hand, if I have come by any means to know something of the terrible plague of my own heart, then, in that measure, I am a real authority as to the Marys of the four Gospels: and especially as to Mary Magdalene. To have grappled long, even with one inward devil, and to have had him at my throat day and night for years, and I at his-that is true New Testament scholarship. That throws a flood of light on all the Marys who followed our Lord about, and that makes Mary Magdalene a minister's own and peculiar field, and his specialised department of pulpit work. And the same inward experience is making not a few of my hearers far better genealogists, and harmonists, and exegetes, and demonologists, than all their teachers.
Pride, envy, anger, intemperance, lasciviousness, covetousness, spiritual sloth-these were Dante's seven scars on his sanctified forehead. I had a great dispute on the subject of Dante's scars the other day with one of the best Dante scholars in this country. He contended against me with great learning and great eloquence that Dante's besetting sin was pride-a towering, satanic, scornful pride, to the contemptuous and complete exclusion of all possible envy. He had Dante on his side in one passage at any rate. I could not deny that. And I confess it seemed to me that Dante and he together had established the doctrine that any envy at all is absolutely, and in the nature of things, quite incompatible with such a lofty pride as that was which wholly possessed Dante's heart. Till, staggered, if not truly convinced, I gave in: so browbeaten was I between two such antagonists. But when I came to myself; when I left all books, the very best, about pride and envy, and when I was led again of God's Holy Spirit into the pandemonium that is in my own heart, I recovered courage, till, tonight, I have my harness on again to fight the battle of divine truth against any man, and all men, and even Dante himself. And the divine truth to me in this matter is this: That in my heart, if not in Dante's, both pride and envy have their full scope together; and that they never, in the very least, either exclude, or drink up, or narrow down, the dreadful dominion of one another. Now, what do you say to that? How is it with your heart? 'I have no books,' said Jacob Behmen. 'I have neither Aristotle, nor Dante, nor Butler, nor Brea, nor Shepard, nor Edwards; I have only my own heart.' You have none of these books either, but you surely have your own heart. Who, then, for the love of the truth, will so read his own heart as to take sides with me? Come away. Take courage. Speak out. Speak boldly out. You must surely know what pride is, and you must all know, still better perhaps, what envy is, and at whose payments and praises and successes and positions your heart cramps and strangles and excruciates itself. Do you not both know and confess all these things before yourself and before God every day? Do you not? O stone-dead soul! O sport and prey of Satan! O maker of God a liar, and the truth is not in you! I would not have your devil-possessed heart, and your conscience seared with a redhot iron, for the whole world. I would rather be myself yet, and myself at my worst, a thousand times, than be you at your best. Whether you are true enough and bold enough to be on my side or no, I shall not be so easily silenced in my next debate about these two devils. For a man is more to himself, on such inward matters, than the whole Commedia and the whole Ethics to boot, with all their splendid treasures of truth, and power, and experience, and eloquence. As I was saying, I have not the least notion as to who or what Mary Magdalene's seven devils were, and much less do I know how they could possibly be all cast out of her heart in this life. I do not know much, as you will see, about Mary Magdalene, but I would not give up the little knowledge I have of myself, no, not for the whole world. For what would it profit me if I gained the whole world of knowledge and everything else, and lost my fast-passing opportunity of having all this pandemonium that is within me for ever cast out of me?
I will confess it again: How the whole seven could possibly be cast out of her heart in this present life, I, for one, cannot imagine; and I do not believe it. Complete, or all but complete, deliverance from two, say, of the seven I could easily believe, but the remaining five are quite beyond me. Two of the seven stars are on the surface. They are but skin-deep. Two of Dante's seven devils have their holes in the sand; in the soft earth and on the exposed outside of our hearts. Properly speaking, they are rather mole-heaps and rabbit-burrows than the dens of devils. Properly speaking, they are not devils at all. Till any man who is in any earnest at all can easily dig them out with a spade, and wring their necks, and nail their dead carcases up on the church door and be for ever done with them. But if you do that with those two it will only the more terrify and exasperate the other five. When the outposts of hell are stormed and taken and put to the sword, that only drives the real hell, with its true and proper devils, deeper down into their bottomless entrenchments. There are some wild beasts so devilish in their bite; they make their cruel teeth so to meet and lock fast in a man's flesh; that the piece has to be cut out if he is to be saved from their deadly hold. And the fangs of these five genuine devils must be broken to pieces in their heads with the hammer of God, and the flesh and bone into which they have locked their cursed teeth must be cut out and sacrificed before the soul is set free. And in this case the surgeon with his hammer and his knife is Death, and the full science and success of his operations will not be all seen till the Resurrection morning. "Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places. Arise, O Lord! disappoint him, cast him down. As for me, I will behold Thy face in righteousness; I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with Thy likeness." It is better to enter into heaven with seven devils excavated out of our hearts as with a knife, than to have them gnawing in our hearts to all eternity.
Since ever there were women's hearts in this world, were there ever two women's hearts with such emotions in them as when Mary the mother of Jesus, and Mary Magdalene, stood together beside His Cross? Did you ever try to put yourself into His mother's heart that day, or into Mary Magdalene's heart? They stood and wept as never another two women have wept since women wept in this world, till John at Jesus' command took His mother away from Calvary and led her into the city. But Mary Magdalene still stood by the Cross. He dismissed His mother, but He kept Mary; she would not be dismissed, and she stood near to His crucified feet. All His disciples had forsaken Him and fled. And thus it was that there was no eye-witness left to tell us how Mary Magdalene stood close up to the Cross weeping, and how she did wash His feet with her tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head. And then, when He said, I thirst, how she took the sponge out of the soldier's hand and put it up to His lips. When He bowed His head she saw Him do it, and she heard Him say, It is finished! It was not a place for a woman. But Mary Magdalene was not a woman; she was an angel. She was the angel who strengthened Him. She was the whole Church of God and ransomed bride of Christ at that moment in herself: she and her twin-brother, the thief on the Cross. How the next three days and three nights passed with Mary Magdalene I cannot account for her to you. But on the first day of the new week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre. And Jesus saith unto her, Mary! She turned herself, and saith unto Him, Rabboni! Jesus saith to her, 'Touch me not with thy tears, nor with the hairs of thy head, nor with thy ointment.' And, had He not said that, she would have been holding His feet there to this day. And now that He has ascended to His Father's house, He is saying to His saints and to His angels to this very day the very same words that He said in Simon's house-"This woman since I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet."
But the supreme lesson to me out of all Mary Magdalene's marvellous history is just the text: "He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven devils." As much as to say,-it was not to Peter, nor to James, nor to John, that He gave that signal favour and unparalleled honour. It was not even to His own mother. It was to Mary Magdalene. It was to her who loved Him best, and had the best reason to love Him best, of all the men and women then living in the world. While this world lasts, and as long as there are great sinners and great penitents to comfort in it, let Mary Magdalene be often preached upon, and let this lesson be always taught out of her, this lesson,-that no depth of sin, and no possession of devils even, shall separate us from the love of Christ. That repentance and love will outlive and overcome everything; as also, that there is no honour too high, and no communion too close, for the love of Christ on His side, and for the soul's love on her side, between them to enjoy. Onlyrepentdeep enough and to tears enough; only love as Mary Magdalene loved Him who had cast her seven devils out of her heart; and He will appear to you also, and will call you by your name. And He will employ you in His service even more and even better than He honoured and employed Mary Magdalene on the morning of His Resurrection.
Mary Magdalene! my sister, my forerunner into heaven till I come, and my representative there! But, remember, only till I come. Cease not to kiss His feet till I come, but give up thy place to me when I come. For to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little. Give place then; give place to me before His feet!
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mary, Wife of Cleophas
This name occurs but once, John 19:25 : it is really 'Clopas;' the word 'wife' which is added in the A.V. is probably correct. By comparing together the following passages, Matthew 27:56,61 ; Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 15:40,47 ; Mark 16:1 ; and Luke 24:10 , it appears probable that 'the other Mary,' and 'Mary the mother of James (or James the less) and Joses' allude to the same person, and she may have been the wife of Clopas. In John 19:25 this Mary is said to be the sister of the Lord's mother, if we allow the word 'and' to separate the persons, which is the most obvious sense; and it is natural that as this is the only place where we read of the Lord's mother having a sister, it should say who she was. Thus there would be three Marys mentioned in the verse, and not four. That the Lord's mother should have a sister also called Mary may appear improbable, but the MSS vary, and there may have been a slight difference, as in the two modern names of Mary and Maria.
Webster's Dictionary - Mary-Bud
(n.) The marigold; a blossom of the marigold.
Webster's Dictionary - Mary
(1):
(n.) Marrow.
(2):
(interj.) See Marry.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Mary
the mother of Jesus, and wife of Joseph. She is called by the Jews the daughter of Eli; and by the early Christian writers, the daughter of Joakim and Anna: but Joakim and Eliakim are sometimes interchanged, 2 Chronicles 36:4 ; and Eli, or Heli, is therefore the abridgment of Eliakim, Luke 3:23 . She was of the royal race of David, as was also Joseph her husband; and she was also cousin to Elizabeth, the wife of Zacharias the priest, Luke 1:5 ; Luke 1:36 . Mary being espoused to Joseph, the Angel Gabriel appeared to her, to announce to her that she should be the mother of the Messiah, Luke 1:26-27 , &c. To confirm his message, and to show that nothing is impossible to God, he added that her cousin Elizabeth, who was old, and had been hitherto barren, was then in the sixth month of her pregnancy. Mary answered, "Behold the handmaid of the Lord, be it unto me according to thy word;" and presently she conceived. She set out for Hebron, a city in the mountains of Judah, to visit her cousin Elizabeth. As soon as Elizabeth heard the voice of Mary, her child, John the Baptist, leaped in her womb; and she was filled with the Holy Ghost, and spake with a loud voice, saying, "Blessed art thou among women,"
&c. Then Mary praised God, saying, "My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour," &c. Mary continued with Elizabeth about three months, and then returned to her own house. An edict of Caesar Augustus having decreed, that all subjects of the empire should go to their own cities, to register their names according to their families, Joseph and Mary, who were both of the lineage of David, went to Bethlehem, from whence sprung their family. But while they were here, the time being fulfilled in which Mary was to be delivered, she brought forth her first-born son. She wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in the manger of the stable or cavern whither they had retired, because there was no room in the inn. Angels made this event known to shepherds, who were in the fields near Bethlehem, and these came in the night to Joseph and Mary and saw the child laying in the manger, and paid him their adoration. The presentation of Christ in the temple, the flight into Egypt, the slaughter of the innocents, and other events connected with the birth and infancy of our Lord, are plainly related in the Gospels.
Mary and Joseph went every year to Jerusalem to the passover; and when Jesus was twelve years of age, they took him with them. When they were returning, the youth continued at Jerusalem, without their perceiving it. Three days after, they found him in the temple, sitting among the doctors, hearing them and asking them questions. Afterward, he returned with them to Nazareth, and lived in filial submission to them. But his mother laid up all these things in her heart, Luke 2:51 , &c. The Gospel speaks nothing more of the Virgin Mary till the marriage at Cana of Galilee, at which she was present with her son Jesus. She was at Jerusalem at the last passover our Saviour celebrated there. There she saw all that was transacted; followed him to Calvary; and stood at the foot of his cross with an admirable constancy and courage. Jesus seeing his mother, and his beloved disciple near, he said to his mother, "Woman, behold thy son; and to the disciple, Behold thy mother. And from that hour the disciple took her home to his own house." No farther particulars of this favoured woman are mentioned, except that she was a witness of Christ's resurrection. A veil is drawn over her character and history; as though with the design to reprove that wretched idolatry of which she was made the subject when Christianity became corrupt and paganized.
2. MARY, the another of John Mark, a disciple of the Apostles. She had a house in Jerusalem, whither, it is thought, the Apostles retired after the ascension of our Lord, and where they received the Holy Ghost. After the imprisonment of St. Peter, the faithful assembled in this house, and were praying there when Peter, delivered by the ministry of an angel, knocked at the door of the house, Acts 12:12 .
3. MARY, of Cleophas. St. Jerom says, she bore the name of Cleophas, either because of her father, or for some other reason which cannot now be known. Others believe, with greater probability, that she was wife of Cleophas, as our version of the New Testament makes her, by supplying the word wife, John 19:25 , and mother of James the less, and of Simon, brethren of our Lord. These last mentioned authors take Mary mother of James, and Mary wife of Cleophas, to be the same person, Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40-41 ; Luke 24:10 ; John 19:25 . St. John gives her the name of Mary of Cleophas; and the other evangelists, the name of Mary, mother of James. Cleophas and Alpheus are the same person; as James, son of Mary, wife of Cleophas, is the same as James, son of Alpheus. It is thought she was the sister of the Virgin Mary, and that she was the mother of James the less, of Joses, of Simon, and of Judas, who in the Gospel are named the brethren of Jesus Christ, Matthew 13:55 ; Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 6:3 ; that is, his cousin-germans. She was an early believer in Jesus Christ, and attended him on his journeys, to minister to him. She was present at the last passover, and at the death of our Saviour she followed him to Calvary; and during his passion she was with the mother of Jesus at the foot of the cross. She was also present at his burial; and on the Friday before had, in union with others, prepared the perfumes to embalm him, Luke 23:56 . But going to his tomb very early on the Sunday morning, with other women, they there learned from the mouth of an angel, that he was risen; of which they carried the news to the Apostles, Luke 24:1-5 ; Matthew 28:9 . By the way, Jesus appeared to them; and they embraced his feet, worshipping him. This is all we know with certainty concerning Mary, the wife of Cleophas.
4. MARY, sister of Lazarus, who has been preposterously confounded with that female sinner spoken of, Luke 7:37-39 . She lived with her brother and her sister Martha at Bethany; and Jesus Christ, having a particular affection for this family, often retired to their house with his disciples. Six days before the passover, after having raised Lazarus from the dead, he came to Bethany with his disciples, and was invited to sup with Simon the leper, John 12:1 , &c; Matthew 26:6 , &c; Mark 14:3 , &c. Martha attended at the table, and Lazarus was one of the guests. Upon this occasion, Mary, taking a pound of spikenard, which is the most precious perfume of its kind, poured it upon the head and feet of Jesus. She wiped his feet with her hair, and the whole house was filled with the odour of the perfume. Judas Iscariot murmured at this; but Jesus justified Mary in what she had done, saying, that by this action she had prevented his embalmment, and in a manner had declared his death and burial, which were at hand. From this period the Scriptures make no mention of either Mary or Martha.
5. MARY MAGDALENE, so called, it is probable, from Magdala, a town of Galilee, of which she was a native, or where she had resided during the early part of her life. Out of her, St. Luke tells us, Jesus had cast seven devils, Luke 8:2 . He informs us, also, in the same place, that Jesus, in company with his Apostles, preached the Gospel from city to city; and that there were several women with them, whom he had delivered from evil spirits, and healed of their infirmities; among whom was this Mary, whom some, without a shadow of proof, have supposed to be the sinful woman spoken of, Luke 7:37-39 ; as others have as erroneously imagined her to be Mary, the sister of Lazarus. Mary Magdalene, is mentioned by the evangelists as being one of those women that followed our Saviour to minister to him according to the custom of the Jews. She attended him in the last journey he made from Galilee to Jerusalem, and was at the foot of the cross with the holy virgin, John 19:25 ; Mark 15:47 ; after which she returned to Jerusalem, to buy and prepare with others certain perfumes, that she might embalm him after the Sabbath was over, which was then about to begin. All the Sabbath day she remained in the city; and the next day, early in the morning, went to the sepulchre along with Mary, the mother of James, and Salome, Mark 16:1-2 ; Luke 24:1-2 . For other particulars respecting her, see also Matthew 28:1-5 ; John 20:11-17 . In Dr. Townley's Essays, there is one of considerable research on Mary Magdalene; and his conclusion is, that it is probable that the woman mentioned by St. Luke, and called in the English translation "a sinner," had formerly been a Heathen; but whether subsequently a proselyte to Judaism or not, is uncertain; and that, having been brought to the knowledge of Christian truth, and having found mercy from the Redeemer, she pressed into Simon's house, and gave the strongest proofs of her gratitude and veneration by anointing the Saviour's feet, bedewing them with her tears, and wiping them with the hairs of her head:—that by a wilful and malicious misrepresentation, the Jews confounded Mary Magdalene with Mary the mother of Jesus, and represented her as an infamous character;—and that, from the blasphemous calumny of the Jews, a stigma of infamy has been affixed to the name of Mary Magdalene, and caused her to be regarded in the false light of a penitent prostitute. There is no doubt but that Mary Magdalene, both in character and circumstances, was a woman of good reputation.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feasts o
Friday in Passion Week, commemorating the sorrow of Mary during the Passion , and Death of Christ; instituted by the provincial synod of Cologne in 1413 to expiate the crimes of the iconoclast Hussites, being termed the Compassion or Transfixion; extended to the entire Church by Pope Benedict XIII in 1727. The Stabat Mater is sung during Mass and Office.
September 15, in devotion to the seven dolors of Mary:
the prophecy of Simeon
flight into Egypt
loss of the Child Jesus at Jerusalem
meeting Jesus on the road to Calvary
standing at the foot of the Cross
the descent of Jesus from the Cross
His burial
It was first granted to the Servites in 1668, and extended to the whole Church by Pope Pius VII in 1814.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Tudor, Mary
(1516-1558) Queen of England, 1553-1558, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. After Henry's repudiation of Catherine, Mary was harshly treated and during the reign of Edward VI remained in comparative obscurity. On his death she easily crushed the attempt to place Jane Grey on the throne. She was popular at first, but her projected marriage with Philip II of Spain excited discontent culminating in Wyatt's rebellion. The old religion regained its liberty but the fanaticism of many of the Reformers rendered stern measures necessary for the safety of the State. Mary displayed excessive severity in applying for heresy penalties which Henry VIII and Edward VI had applied with the approval of Protestant bishops; within four years 277 persons were put to death and this record stands as a blot on her memory, though it is now generally admitted that she was prompted by misguided zeal, rather than vindictiveness. This severity was in marked contrast to her former generosity and clemency, and was perhaps partly due to the bitterness of her later years. She was long an invalid; her passionate love for Philip II was unrequited and when there was no further hope of having an heir, he abandoned her and England; in the last year of her life Calais was lost to France, and this was followed by difficulties with the Holy See.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
A congregation begun in 1831 by five women in Dublin, Ireland, and established in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1833 by Father T. Donoghoe, who is regarded as the founder. Their work is educational. The congregation has schools, academies, and colleges, all in the United States. The mother-house is in Dubuque, Iowa. They maintain a web site.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of Charity of Jesus And Mary
A congregation founded by Father P. J. Triest in Ghent, Belgium in 1803, for teaching the young and nursing the infirm. The constitutions are taken from the Rules of Saint Bernard and Saint Vincent de Paul. The congregation manages boarding and day schools, institutes for the deaf, dumb, and blind, hospitals, sanitariums, homes for aged and incurables, mental hospitals, and orphanages, in Belgium, Holland, England, Congo, and India. The motherhouse is at Ghent.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary
A form of prayer (vocal or mental), consisting of 15 decades of Hail Marys, said on beads, each decade preceded by an Our Father and followed by a Gloria, during the recitation of which the mind meditates or dwells on the principal mysteries of the life, death, and resurrection of Our Lord. This is the true Rosary, sometimes called the Dominican, or Rosary of Saint Dominic, because its origin has been traditionally attributed to that saint. As a rule five decades are recited at a time. Other rosaries are more properly called beads, as the beads of the Immaculate Conception, the beads of the Seven Dolors, the Blessed Sacrament beads. The Rosary is the most popular of the non-liturgical prayers. It has been richly indulgenced by many popes. The beads should be blessed by a Dominican or any other duly authorized priest. Pope Leo XIII instituted the Month of the Holy Rosary (October) and added the invocation "Queen of the Most Holy Rosary" to the Litany of Loreto in 1833.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus And Mary
A religious congregation founded at Longueuil, Quebec, under the patronage of Bishop Bourgot of Montreal in 1843 for the Christian education of youth. The order has 188 houses including schools and teacher colleges in Canada and the United States. The mother-house was transferred to Outremont, Montreal, in 1925.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of the Holy Humility of Mary
A religious congregation founded by Mlle. Poitier under the direction of Father John J. Begel at Dom-martin-sous-Amance, France in 1855 for the education of poor children. In 1864 the entire community with Father Begel came to the United States at the invitation of Bishop Rappe of Cleveland, and settled near New Bedford, Massachusetts. The congregation has includes academies, schools, hospitals, an orphanage, a home for crippled children, and one for working boys. The mother-house is at Villa Maria, Pennsylvania.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of Divine Providence (Saint Mary-of-the-wo
A teaching religious order, founded in France in 1806, by M. Dujarie, Cure of Ruille-sur- Loir, France, in collaboration with Josephine du Roscoiit, first superior-general. The Indiana community dates from 1840. The primary object of the congregation is the instruction of youth and they were the first American sisterhood to take up work in the foreign missions. The order includes colleges, a teacher's school, high schools in the United States, and a school in Kaifeng, China. The mother-house is at Saint Mary-of-the-Woods.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Scapular of the Hearts of Jesus And Mary
A white scapular with the two Hearts and the implements of the Passion on one part, and a red cross on the other. It owes its origin to the Daughters of the Sacred Heart, a community founded at Antwerp in 1873. It was approved in 1900. Indulgenced by Pope Leo XIII and Pope Pius X.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Hearts of Jesus And Mary, Scapular of the
A white scapular with the two Hearts and the implements of the Passion on one part, and a red cross on the other. It owes its origin to the Daughters of the Sacred Heart, a community founded at Antwerp in 1873. It was approved in 1900. Indulgenced by Pope Leo XIII and Pope Pius X.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of the Holy Childhood of Jesus And Mary
Also called the Sisters of Sainte Ghretienne. Founded by Mme. Anne Victoire Mejanes, at Metz, Lorraine, France in 1807, for the education of girls and the care of the sick poor. The order includes schools, a teacher's college, orphanages, creches, hospitals, and workshops, in the United States, Canada, France, Belgium, and Austria. The mother-house is at Metz.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Scapular of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Badge of the society of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. It was sanctioned and endowed with indulgences by Pope Pius IX on May 11, 1877, and approved by the Congregation of Rites in 1907. The superior general of the Sons can communicate the faculty of blessing and investing with this scapular to other priests. It is white woollen cloth, with a picture of the Heart of Mary surrounded by flames, surmounted by a lily, encircled with roses, and pierced by a sword.
New Catholic Dictionary and Catholic Encyclopedia
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Vianney, John Baptist Mary, Saint
Confessor, Cure d'Ars, born Dardilly, near Lyons, France, 1786; died Ars, France, 1859. Overcoming the difficulties caused by a meager primary school education and defective talents, he was ordained in 1815 and sent for a time to Ecully. In 1818 he was made parish priest at Ars, a remote French hamlet, where his exercise of the sacred ministry, especially in the direction of souls, made him known throughout the Christian world. Persons of all ranks and conditions of life sought his advice and in 1855 the number of pilgrims to Ars had reached 20,000 a year. He led a life of extreme mortification and performed numerous miracles. Canonized, 1925. Feast, Roman Calendar, August 9,.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Founded at Monroe, Michigan in 1845, by Father Louis Gilet, C.SS.R., for the work of teaching. They were given a Rule founded on that of Saint Alphonsus, prepared by Father Gilet. The order manages schools, a college, an academy, and an orphanage for girls, all in the states of Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Ohio. The mother-house is at Monroe. In 1856 an independent mother-house was established at Villa Maria, West Chester, Pennsylvania. These sisters conduct a college, academies, high schools, parochial schools, nurseries, houses for settlement work, a Catholic children's home bureau, the educational department of Saint Joseph's home, and high school annexes. Another independent mother-house was later founded at Scranton, Pennsylvania. The members of this community conduct a college, academies, high schools, elementary schools, boys industrial school, orphan asylums, infant home, nursery, and a sodality home.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sister-Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (g
Founded at Quebec, Canada in 1859 by Monsignor Turgeon, Archbishop of Quebec, and Mme. Marie Roy, to shelter penitent girls, and to provide Christian education for children. The congregation manages schools, orphanages, a maternity house, a home for wayward girls, a home for working girls, and a home for foundlings in Canada and the United States. The mother-house is in Quebec.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Society of Mary (Sisters)
Founded at Quimper, France, 1678, by Claude Therese de Kermeno, in collaboration with Father Huby, under the title Institute of Retreat, later changed to Ladies of the Retreat. The Sisters follow the Rule of Saint Ignatiuis, uniting active works with the contemplative life, by conducting retreats, educating girls of the upper classes, and instructing poor children. The congregation has 23 houses, including day and boarding schools in France, England, Ireland, and Belgium. The mother-house is at Angers, France.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of the Visitation of Mary
Founded c.1361at the suggestion of John Colombini by his cousin Blessed Catherine Colombini of Siena. They spoke only when necessary, fasted rigidly, and chastised their bodies twice daily. Their growth in Italy was rapid, but by 1812 they had entirely disappeared.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Mary
Founded in 1848 by Jean Gailhac at Beziers in the Diocese of Montpellier for educational work and the care of orphans. The congregation manages colleges, academies, schools, and orphanages in France, England, Ireland, Spain, Brazil, and the United States.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Mary
In Hebrew MIRIAM ,
1. "The Mother of Jesus," Acts 1:14 . Her amiable and lovely character, and her remarkable history in connection with the wonders relating to the birth of Christ, are recorded in Matthew 1:1-2:23 Luke 1:1-2:52 . The genealogy of the Savior through her, in the line of David and Abraham, is preserved in Luke 3:1-38 , to prove that he was born "as concerning the flesh" according to ancient prophecies. After the return from Egypt to Nazareth, she is but five times mentioned in the gospel history: three on the part of Christ, Matthew 12:46-50 Luke 2:49,50 John 2:4 ; one when he commended her to the care of John, John 19:26 ; and lastly as among the disciples at Jerusalem after his ascension, Acts 1:14 .
Thenceforth, throughout the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and the Revelation, no allusions made to her. Manifestly the worship of Mary had not then commenced. The inventions of the Romish church in after-centuries are wholly destitute of foundation in Scripture, and subversive of the gospel. One of these unauthorized inventions is the alleged immaculate conception and spotless holiness of Mary. See Romans 3:10,23 Galatians 3:22 1 John 1:8 ; and compare also the reproofs above alluded to, and her own confession of her need of a Savior, Luke 1:47 . Another unauthorized invention is her alleged virginity after the birth of Jesus, Matthew 1:25 Luke 2:7 . No case can be found in Scripture where "firstborn son" is used of an only child. In other passages the brethren, sisters, and mother of Christ are mentioned together, apparently as one family, Matthew 13:55,56 ; and she was known as the wife of Joseph probably for almost thirty ears, John 6:42 . To adore her as the "queen of heaven," and the "mother of God," is, in the light of the Bible, blasphemous idolatry; and to pray to her as divine, or even as a mediator with God implies that she possesses the attribute of omnipresence, and degrades the only and sufficient Mediator, 1 Timothy 2:5 Hebrews 4:16 . She was "blessed" or signally favored "among women," as Jael was "blessed above women," Judges 5:24 Luke 1:28 ; but Christ himself declares that a higher blessing belongs to those "that hear the word of God and keep it," Luke 11:27,28 .
2. The mother of Mark the Evangelist. She had a house in Jerusalem, where the followers of Jesus were wont to convene. Hither Peter, when delivered from prison by the angel, came and knocked at the gate, Acts 12:12 . Many such hospitable Christian homes, and places of social prayer, even in troublous times, are forever enshrined in the remembrances of the people of God.
3. The wife of Cleophas, and mother of James the Less and Joses, Matthew 27:56,61 Luke 24:10 John 19:25 . This last passage leaves it uncertain whether this Mary was sister to Mary our Lord's mother, or not. Some suppose that four persons are there named: Christ's mother, his mother's sister, Mary of Cleaophas, and Salome. See James 3 . She believed early on Jesus Christ, and accompanied him in some of his journeys, to minister to him, followed him to Calvary, and was with his mother at the foot of his cross. She was also present at his burial, prepared perfumes to embalm him, and was early at his sepulchre on the morning of his resurrection. See CLEOPHAS .
4. The sister of Lazarus, whom our Lord raised from the dead. Her character presents a beautiful companion-picture to that of her more active and impulsive sister Martha. Contemplative, confiding, and affectionate, it was like heaven to her to sit at the feet of her adored Teacher and Lord, Luke 10:39-42 . The character of the two sisters was well contrasted at the supper in Bethany, after the resurrection of Lazarus. No service was too humble for Martha to render, and no offering too costly for Mary to pour out, in honor of their Savior, John 11:1-57 12:1-8 . This occurrence should not be confounded with that described in Luke 7:37-50 .
5. The Magdalene, or native of Magdala on the Sea of Galilee. She was foremost among the honorable women of substance who ministered unto Christ and his disciples, Matthew 28:1-10 Mark 15:47 16:1-10 Luke 24:1-12 John 20:1,2,10-18 . She was especially devoted to Christ, for his mercy in casting out from her seven evil spirits, Luke 8:23 . She was early at his tomb; and lingering there when the disciples had retired, she was the first to throw herself at the feet of the risen Savior. There is no evidence that she was ever a profligate.
6. A benevolent and useful Christian at Rome, saluted in Paul's epistle, Romans 16:6 .
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Saint Mary of the Lake Provincial Seminary
Mundelein, Illinois. Founded in 1921. Conducted by secular clergy and Jesuits.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Egypt, Mary of, Saint
Penitent, born northern Egypt, c.344;died Arabian desert, 421. After living an evil life for seventeen years at Alexandria, she was miraculously converted at Jerusalem. Retiring into the Arabian desert, she passed her remaining 47 years in penance and solitude. Saint Zosimus discovered her there and administered Holy Communion to her. Relics venerated at Rome, Naples, Cremona, and Antwerp. Feast, April 2,. See also: patron saints index.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Stuart, Mary
Queen of Scots, born Linlithgow, Scotland, 1542; died Fotheringay, England, 1587. She succeeded her father James V when only six days old. She was educated in France and married the Dauphin Francis, becoming queen consort in 1559. Within a year Francis died and Mary returned to Scotland, August, 1561. During her residence abroad Protestantism had made rapid progress in Scotland, Church property had been confiscated and Knox's followers were filled with frenzied hatred of Catholicism. She consequently issued an edict; of toleration, the first in Great Britain. A little later, despite a Protestant revolt abetted by Queen Elizabeth she married her cousin Henry, Lord Darnley, nearest heir after her to the English crown. Darnley proved quarrelsome, immoral, and intensely jealous of her secretary Rizzio, whose assassination he procured. Shortly after the birth of his son James VI, he himself was murdered at the instigation of Mary's adviser Bothwell, whom she soon married. A new rebellion broke out thereupon; Mary was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, but escaped, and after her followers had been defeated at Langside, 1568, fled to England, where she was imprisoned for life by Elizabeth. More than once her sympathizers planned to release her, although Elizabeth's life was never in peril despite the legends accepted by many Protestant writers. In 1586 Mary was accused of complicity in Babington's conspiracy and executed, the main motive for such punishment being hatred of her religion.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Servants of the Holy Heart of Mary
Religious congregation founded at Paris, France in 1860 by Pere Delaplace and Marie Jeanne Moisan for the Christian education of children and the visitation and care of the sick in hospitals and in their own homes. The congregation manages schools, hospitals, orphanages, homes for the aged, kinder gartens, dispensaries, and houses of retreat for women in France, Canada, and the United States. The mother-house is at Paris.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sisters of the Heart of Mary
Religious congregation founded at Paris, France in 1860 by Pere Delaplace and Marie Jeanne Moisan for the Christian education of children and the visitation and care of the sick in hospitals and in their own homes. The congregation manages schools, hospitals, orphanages, homes for the aged, kinder gartens, dispensaries, and houses of retreat for women in France, Canada, and the United States. The mother-house is at Paris.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Society of Mary, of Paris
Religious order founded at Bordeaux, France, in 1817 by Guillaume Joseph Chaminade. The constitutions of this society specify the salvation of its own members as its primary end; its secondary end includes all works of zeal. Christian education especially appeals to its members, who have devoted most of their energies to the management of schools. The general superior and his assistants resided at Bordeaux until 1860, when they removed to Paris, where the headquarters of the order were maintained until the expulsion of the society from France in 1903. Since then the seat of the general administration has been at Nivelles, Belgium. The order spread rapidly, establishing houses in France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Africa, China, Japan, Hawaiian Islands, Canada, Mexico, and the United States. They maintain a web site at www.marianists.org
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Society of Mary (Fathers)
Religious order of priests and lay-brothers founded at Lyons in 1816 by Jean Claude Colin, approved by Pope Gregory XVI in 1836. The work of the order includes missions, both domestic and foreign, colleges for the education of youth, and seminaries for the training of clerics. In France the Marists developed rapidly, and outside of France the first field of labor offered them was the Vicariate Apostolic of Western Oceania. The immense area of the vicariate, together with the presence at its head of a secular bishop, soon necessitated the creation of smaller vicariates under Marist bishops. These missions have progressed steadily under the Marist fathers who, besides their religious work, have largely contributed to make known the languages, fauna and flora of the South Sea Islands, and helped in their colonization. In the British Isles the Marist foundations began in 1850 at the request of Cardinal Wiseman. The Society of Mary has taken a firm hold in the United States and even extended into Mexico. Rome is the seat of the mother-house and the procurator-general.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College
Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, Indiana. Founded in 1840. Conducted by the Sisters of Providence. Consists of a preparatory school; college of arts and sciences; special courses; summer school.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Special devotions in honor of the Blessed Virgin were practised in the Jesuit schools in the 16th century. John Leon, a Belgian scholastic, who had learned this pious custom from Father Sebastian Cabarassi, S.J., in Sicily (c.1550) instituted the first sodality in the Roman College in 1563. Associations were formed in many schools in Europe and, at the request of Claudius Acquaviva, S.J., the Roman sodality was canonically erected (1584), with title "First Primary," by Pope Gregory XIII, who gave the Father General power to erect like sodalities and aggregate them to the mother Sodality. In 1751 the doors of the First Primary were opened to women's sodalities and in 1824 permission was given by Pope Leo XII for the affiliation of societies not under Jesuit direction. The main principles of the sodality, which state that it should be a select body devoted to the Blessed Mother and aiming at more than ordinary goodness, as well as the Act of Consecration, have remained the same since its origin in 1563.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Saint Mary Major
The Liberian Basilica. One of the principal patriarchal basilicas in Rome, it dates from the 4th century. It is adorned with interesting mosaics of biblical subjects, and on the two sides are two chapels with cupolas. The baldachin of the high altar is supported by four porphyry columns.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Sadlier, Mary Anne Madden
Writer; born in 1820 at Cootehill, Ireland; died in 1903 at Montreal, Canada. She emigrated to Montreal in 1844, and in 1846 married James Sadlier of the publishing house of D. J. Sadlier and Co. Among her works are: The Blakes and Flanagans, Bessie Conway, Aunt Honor's Keepsake, and The Red Hand of Ulster.
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Virgin Mary
(See BLESSED VIRGIN MARY.)
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Mary, the Blessed Virgin
(See BLESSED VIRGIN MARY.)
Mass—The old name for the Sacrament of the Holy Communion, beinga corruption of the Latin, Ite, Missa est, meaning "the peopleare now dismissed." "This name was retained in the Prayer Book of1549, the title of the Office being 'The Supper of the Lord, andthe Holy Communion, commonly called the Mass.'" In the Prayer Bookof 1552 the word "Mass" was dropped and has not since appeared inthe Prayer Book, and in consequence has become generally disused.The term, however, is still retained in popular usage as in thewords Christmas, Michaelmas, etc. The Swedish and also the GermanReformers retained the name "Mass" for the principal service of theChurch, whether it did or did not include a Celebration of the HolyCommunion.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Mary
MARY
1. Mary the mother of James the Little and Joses, one of the women who followed Jesus from Galilee, stood beside the cross, watched the burial, and visited the sepulchre on the Resurrection morning (Matthew 27:55-56 = Mark 15:40-41, Matthew 27:61 = Mark 15:47, Mark 16:1 = Matthew 28:1 = Luke 24:10). From John 19:25 it appears that she was wife to Clopas. This name is distinct from Cleopas (Luke 24:18), and is perhaps identical with Alphaens, both representing חַלְפַי. Cf. J. B. Lightfoot, Gal. p. 256. WH [1] write Ἀλραῖος (see NT, vol. ii. § 408). If this identification be allowed, then (1) James the Little was probably one of the Twelve (Matthew 10:3 = Mark 3:18 = Luke 16:15); (2) he was perhaps brother to Levi (Matthew), the son of Alphaeus. The latter inference is favoured by (a) the v.l. Ἰάκωβον for Δευείν in Mark 2:14; (b) the tradition that James, like Matthew, had been a tax-gatherer (Chrysost. in Matth. xxxiii.: δύο τελῶναι, Ματθαῖος καὶ Ἰάκωβος; Euth. Zig.: Ματθαῖος δὲ καὶ Ἰάκωβος ὁ τοῦ Ἀλφαίου, τελῶναι). See artt. Alphaeus and Clopas.
Hegesippus (in Eus. Historia Ecclesiastica iii. 11. 32, iv. 22) mentions a Clopas who was brother to Joseph, our Lord’s foster-father; but there is no evidence that he was identical with this Clopas. Jerome, in support of his theory of ‘the Brethren of Jesus,’ construes Μαριὰμ ἡ τοῦ Κλωτᾶ in John 19:25 as in opposition to ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ, thus reducing the number of the women by the Cross to three, and making ‘Mary the [2] of Clopas’ the Virgin’s sister. See J. B. Lightfoot, Gal. p. 255 ff. But (1) it is improbable that two sisters bore the same name, and (2) ‘the sister of his mother’ was apparently Salome, the mother of the sons of Zebedee (cf. Mark 15:40 = Matthew 27:56).
2. Mary Magdalene.—She is first mentioned (Luke 8:2) as one of a company of women who attended Jesus on His second mission through Galilee in the course of the second year of His ministry. She is distinguished by two significant epithets: (1) ‘the Magdalene,’ i.e. the woman of Magdala (Mejdel), a town on the Lake of Galilee, some 3 miles from Capernaum, at the southern end of the Plain of Gennesaret. The modern Mejdel is a miserable village, but the ancient Magdala was a wealthy place, one of three cities, according to the Talmud, whose tribute had to be conveyed in waggons to Jerusalem (cf. Lightfoot on John 12:3). It had, however, an evil reputation, and was destroyed, according to the same authority, for harlotry, so that ‘Mary the Magdalene’ might be equivalent to ‘Mary the harlot’ (cf. ‘Corinthian Lais’). It is only fair, however, to add that many regard this as very precarious.
(2) ‘From whom seven demons had gone forth.’ In Jewish parlance, immorality was a form of demonic possession,* [1] and, just as the grace of the Holy Spirit is called ‘sevenfold,’† [Note: Od. Clun. Hymn. de S. Mar. Magdal.:
‘Qui septem purgat vitia
Per septiformem gratiam.’] so sevenfold possession might signify complete abandonment to the dominion of unclean passion. Cf. Matthew 12:45 = Luke 11:26. It is possible that Mary had been a harlot, that Jesus had rescued her from her life of shame, and that she followed Him out of gratitude. She was one of the devoted women who stood by the cross (John 19:25, Matthew 27:56 = Mark 15:40), watched His burial (Matthew 27:61 = Mark 15:47), and came on the Resurrection morning to the sepulehre (John 20:1 = Matthew 28:1 = Mark 16:1 = Luke 24:10). Finding it empty, she waited beside it weeping, and was rewarded with the first vision of the risen Lord (John 20:11-18, cf. Matthew 28:9-10).
3. Mary of Bethany.—She is first introduced by St. Luke (Luke 10:38-42), who tells how Jesus, probably on His way to the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2; John 7:10) in the third year of His ministry, reached ‘a certain village,’ and was hospitably received by ‘a certain woman by name Martha,’ who had a sister called Mary. The Feast of Tabernacles was a season of feasting and friendship. ‘They ate the fat and drank the sweet, and sent portions unto them for whom nothing was prepared, and made great mirth’ (Exodus 23:16, Leviticus 23:33-44, Numbers 29:12-38, Nehemiah 8:9-18). Martha, a good housewife, was busy making ready the festal cheer; but Mary, oblivious of all save the Lord’s presence, seated herself, in the posture of a disciple (cf. Acts 22:3), at His feet and listened to His discourse. Martha, ‘distracted about much service,’ interposed: ‘Lord, dost thou not care that my sister left me alone to serve? Tell her then to lend me a helping hand.’ ‘Martha, Martha,’ He answered, gently protesting against the sumptuousness of His hostess’s preparations, ‘thou art anxious and troubled about many things, but a few are all we need; or rather,’ He added, ‘only one thing;‡ [4] for it is the good “portion” that Mary chose, one which shall not be taken away from her.’ At that season, when they were all feasting and sending ‘portions,’ Mary was thinking not of the meat that perisheth, but of that which endureth unto eternal life.
St. Luke does not name the village where Martha and Mary dwelt. St. John tells us that it was Bethany, and that they had a brother named Lazarus (John 11:1-46). Some months later, when Jesus was at the other Bethany beyond Jordan, whither He had retired from Jerusalem to escape the fury of the rulers (John 10:40; cf. John 1:28 Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ), Lazarus fell sick, and his sisters sent Jesus word. For two days after He heard the news He remained where He was, and only when Lazarus died did He set out. His approach was reported to Martha, apparently the elder sister and mistress of the house; and she went to meet Him and sorrowfully upbraided Him: ‘Lord, hadst thou been here, my brother had not died.’ Assured of His sympathy and help, she returned home and, finding her sister among the mourners, whispered to her that the Teacher had come. Mary arose, and, hurrying to Him, fell at His feet, crying in the very words which Martha had used, the words which had been on their lips all those sorrowful days: ‘Lord, hadst thou been here, my brother had not died.’ Cf. art. Martha.
Mary appears a third time six days before the Passover, when Jesus was entertained in the house of Simon the Leper at Bethany, and she came in during the feast and anointed His feet (John 12:1-11; cf. Matthew 26:6-13 = Mark 14:3-9). See Anointing, I. 2.
Literature.—Lightfoot, Hor. Heb. ii. pp. 23, 388, 652; Hengstenb. on John 11:1-46; Andrews, Life of our Lord, pp. 281–286; artt. ‘Mary’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible and in Encyc. Bibl.
David Smith.
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Blessed Virgin Mary
The title which the Church has always givento the Mother of our Lord, and by which all devout churchmen speakof her of whom the angel declared, "Blessed art thou among women.""Not even the glorified Saints who have attained to the purity andbliss of Heaven are raised to higher blessedness and purity thanthat saintly maiden was whom Elizabeth was inspired to call 'theMother of my Lord.' This sanctity of the Blessed Virgin through herassociation with her Divine Son has always been kept vividly inview by the Church."
The perpetual Virginity of the lowly Mother of our Lord has alwaysbeen a very strong tradition among all devout Christians; a beliefwhich is prompted by reverence for the great mystery of theIncarnation, and confirmed by the universal consent of the Church.The term "brethren" of our Lord, which occurs in the New Testamentmeans simply kindred, according to the Jewish use of the word.
Two days are set apart to the honor of the Blessed Virgin, viz.,The Feast of the Annunciation, March 25th, and the Feast of thePurification, February 2d. (See articles on these Festivals.)
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Joseph the Husband of Mary
Two lines of descent from David came together in Jesus. The royal line through Solomon and the kings of Judah came through Joseph, the legal father of Jesus, giving grounds for Jesus’ right to the throne of David (Matthew 1:1-16). The other line, through another of David’s sons, also led to Joseph (Luke 3:23-31).
Possibly, however, the genealogy in Luke is that of Mary, not Joseph. Since the genealogy preserves only the names of the males, Joseph (according to this theory) would be ‘son’ of Heli only because he was married to Heli’s daughter; that is, he would be Heli’s son-in-law.
Both Matthew 1:16 and Luke 3:23 emphasize that Joseph was not the natural father of Jesus. Jesus was conceived in the womb of the virgin Mary by the direct activity of God’s Spirit, without the help of any man. It is understandable that Joseph was called the father of Jesus (John 1:45; John 6:42), because legally he was, but Joseph knew that he was not the cause of Mary’s pregnancy. When he thought of breaking the engagement with Mary secretly (for he did not want to embarrass her), God told him that Mary was morally blameless and her pregnancy was miraculous (Matthew 1:18-25; cf. Luke 1:26-35).
After the birth, Joseph showed a loving concern for both Mary and Jesus, and a readiness to act promptly when God directed him (Matthew 2:13-15; Matthew 2:19-23). With Mary he took the baby to Jerusalem for the ceremonies required by the Jewish law (Luke 2:22). Later they settled in Nazareth in the north (Matthew 2:23), but they went each year to Jerusalem for the Passover (Luke 2:41).
Joseph was a well known carpenter in Nazareth (Matthew 13:55) and he taught his carpentry skills to Jesus (Mark 6:3). Apparently he was no longer alive when Jesus engaged in his public ministry, as the Gospel writers do not mention him in references to current members of Jesus’ family (Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3; John 19:26-27). The brothers and sisters of Jesus were probably children of Mary and Joseph, born to them once they began sexual relations after the birth of Jesus (Matthew 1:25).

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Hair - Emblem in art associated with Saint Agnes, Saint Madeleine (Mary Magdalen), and Saint Mary of Egypt. With reference to Saint Agnes and Saint Mary of Egypt, it symbolizes the miraculous growth of hair covering their nakedness, and in the case of Saint Mary Magdalen the wiping of Our Lord's feet
Maria - (Latin: Mary) ...
Name of Our Lady. See also: Name of Mary
b.v.m. - = Beata Virqo Maria; Blessed Virgin Mary ...
= Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary ...
Marian - ) Pertaining to the Virgin Mary, or sometimes to Mary, Queen of England, daughter of Henry VIII
Mary of Cleophas - ...
Mary of Cleophas or (See CLOPAS; ALPHAEUS; JAMES. ) In John 19:25, "there stood by Jesus' cross His mother, and His mother's sister Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. " In Mark 15:40, "Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James the Little and of Joses, and Salome. " In Matthew 27:56, "Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children" (i. Thus "Mary of Cleophas" is the same as "Mary of James the Little and of Joses," and was sister of the Virgin Mary. The names of the two sisters being alike may be explained by the fact that many manuscripts distinguish the Virgin Mary as Mariam, Mary of Cleophas and the other Mary's as Maria (as we distinguish Mary and Maria); it was a favorite name for mother's to give to children, from the famous Miriam, Moses' sister. ...
Mary was probably the Virgin's older sister or half-sister; she married Cleophas and by him had four sons, James (the apostle), Joses ("Joseph" Vaticanus manuscript, "John" Sinaiticus manuscript), Jude (the apostle), and Simon, and three daughters. She is first named at the cross, again in the evening of the same day "sitting over against the sepulchre" with Mary Magdalene (Matthew 27:61), having previously "beheld where He was laid" (Mark 15:47). ...
Cleopus being mentioned only to designate Mary and James implies he was dead when Jesus' ministry began. Her retiring disposition may be the cause of the non-mention of" Mary of Cleophas" until the crucifixion
Magdalene - Designation of a woman named Mary, 'out of whom went seven demons,' to signify that she was a native of Magdala. There is nothing in the name, nor in the character of Mary, to associate her with the modern signification of the word Magdalen. See Mary
Clopas - (cloh' puhss) Relative of one of the Marys who were near the cross during the crucifixion (John 19:25 ). ” The most natural interpretation is that Clopas was husband of Mary. For the identification of this Mary and wider implications of Clopas' relationships, see Mary
he'li - (ascending ), the father of Joseph the husband of the Virgin Mary, ( Luke 13:23 ) perhaps the grandfather of Mary herself
Antidicomarianites - (Greek: antidikos, opponents; Mariam, Mary) ...
Name given by Epiphanius, about the end of the 4th century, to adversaries of the Divine maternity and of the perpetual virginity of Mary
Antidicomarianites - (Greek: antidikos, opponents; Mariam, Mary) ...
Name given by Epiphanius, about the end of the 4th century, to adversaries of the Divine maternity and of the perpetual virginity of Mary
Martha - was sister of Lazarus and Mary, and mistress of the house where our Saviour was entertained, in the village of Bethany. Martha is always named before Mary, probably because she was the elder sister
Mary - Mary seems to have been related to Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist, and wife of the priest Zechariah. If “kinswoman” in Luke 1:36 is a reference for family line and not a relationship established by marriage, then Mary's family heritage may have been priestly. Luke presented Mary as a person of great faith prepared to be an agent of God in the birth of the Messiah. In later church tradition, two important theological beliefs focus the significance of Mary. ” Their scriptural orientation is based on Luke 1:34 that details Mary's response to the angel's announcement that she would have a son. Mary questioned how this could be since she did not have a husband. However, in all cases, Mary is a revered character in Christian tradition who is believed to represent goodness, innocence, and profound commitment to the ways of God. ...
Mary does not play as high a profile in the Gospels as one might expect. The Gospel of John presents women in an essential place in the public ministry of Jesus, and Mary, the mother of Jesus, functions in such a role. In John 2:1-11 , Mary's presence at Jesus' first public miracle of changing water to wine at the marriage at Cana underscores, in a profound manner, that Jesus' destiny challenges all norms, including that of immediate family relationships. The recurring Johannine theological theme of Jesus' “hour” being divinely directed is pointedly made by Mary's presence in the episode (compare Mark 3:31-35 ; Luke 11:27-28 ). Mary's presence at the foot of the cross (found only in John 19:25-27 ) highlights the mother's love. Acts 1:14 indicates that Mary was present, along with other hero figures of early Christianity, in the upper room scene in Jerusalem. Mary Magdalene. Mark 16:9 and Luke 8:2 indicate that this Mary, from Magdala, was exorcised of some seven demons. In antiquity, demon possession was an indication of physical or spiritual illness; obviously, Mary Magdalene was quite ill before her encounter with Jesus. Mary eventually became part of an inner circle of supporters of Jesus. 500 onward, identified Mary Magdalene with the sinful woman of Luke 7:36-50 . The text gives no reason for such an association, as the introduction of Mary in Luke 8:1 is quite removed topically from Luke 7:36 . To confuse the interpretative tradition further, the sinful woman in the anointing scene of Luke 7:36-50 is often identified incorrectly with another Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazrus. On all accounts, no evidence exists that the sinful woman of Luke 7:1 should be identified as Mary. Mary (of Bethany), the sister of Martha and Lazarus. Mary, Martha, and Lazarus seem to have been part of an inner circle of Jesus' associates. Mary from Bethany played a primary role in the episode of Lazarus' resurrection from the dead in John 11:1 . In John 12:1 , Mary anointed Jesus' feet with precious oil, thus serving an important confessional function of anticipating Jesus' death. Given the sequence of John's Gospel, Mary is represented as a follower of Jesus who is well acquainted with Jesus' ultimate destiny (compare Judas, the disciple in Mark 16:1-88 , who is not as well informed). Mary, the mother of James the younger and of Joses and Salome. This Mary would appear to be part of Jesus' following from Galilee who moved with Him during His itinerant public ministry (compare Mark 15:40-41 ). Mary, the mother of John Mark. Mary, the wife of Clopas. She witnessed Jesus' crucifixion (John 19:25 ) and may be the same character as Mary, the mother of James, Joses, and Salome in the Synoptic Gospels accounts. Mary, from Rome
Howard, Thomas 16th Century - Married Mary Fitzalan, daughter of Henry, twelfth Earl of Arundel. He later planned to marry the imprisoned Mary Queen of Scots, but was executed for treason
Thomas Howard 16th Century - Married Mary Fitzalan, daughter of Henry, twelfth Earl of Arundel. He later planned to marry the imprisoned Mary Queen of Scots, but was executed for treason
Mary - Six women in the New Testament had the name Mary. ...
This last-named Mary was one of several women from Galilee who helped look after the needs of Jesus and his disciples. Another in that group was also named Mary. She came from the town of Magdala in Galilee and was known as Mary Magdalene, to distinguish her from the other Marys (Matthew 27:55-56; Luke 8:1-3). ...
Mary Magdalene had become a follower of Jesus early in his ministry, when he had healed her of evil spirits (Luke 8:2). On the morning of Jesus’ resurrection, she and some others, including Mary the mother of James and Joseph, went to anoint the body of Jesus, but found the tomb empty (Matthew 28:1-5; John 20:1). ...
Another Mary was the sister of Martha and Lazarus. In the biblical record, Mary and Martha are usually mentioned together. )...
The mother of Jesus...
By far the most important Mary in New Testament times was the mother of Jesus. ...
At the time God revealed this to Mary, she lived in the town of Nazareth in Galilee, where she was engaged to be married to a local carpenter named Joseph. (Concerning the families from which Mary and Joseph came see JOSEPH THE HUSBAND OF Mary. ) God revealed to Mary that, while still a virgin, she would become pregnant. ...
Mary accepted the will of God for her without question (Luke 1:38). ...
For the next three months Mary stayed with her friend and relative, Elizabeth, in Judea. ...
Some months later, Joseph and Mary moved to Bethlehem in Judea for a census, and there the baby was born (Luke 2:1-7; Luke 2:19). When Joseph and Mary later took the baby to Jerusalem for certain Jewish ceremonies, Mary learnt a little of what lay ahead. Although her son would be a Saviour, he would also attract bitter opposition, which would in turn cause Mary pain and sorrow (Luke 2:22-23; Luke 2:34-35). ...
Because of the threat of violence from Herod, Joseph sought safety for Mary and the baby Jesus by taking them to Egypt. ...
Joseph and Mary brought Jesus up to be obedient to his parents and to be instructed in the teachings of the Old Testament (Luke 2:42-46; Luke 2:51). ...
The children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus were James, Joseph, Simon, Judas and at least two daughters (Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3). On one occasion when they expressed their annoyance with him, Mary was with them (Mark 3:21; Mark 3:31-35; John 7:3-5). ...
Nevertheless, Mary was convinced of her son’s messiahship and remained devoted to him even to the cross (John 19:25-27). Jesus’ resurrection seems to have changed his brothers, for in the days immediately after his ascension, they along with Mary were among the group of Jerusalem believers who met for fellowship and prayer (Acts 1:14; cf
Arches, Court of - The court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, acting also as a court of appeal from diocesan tribunals within the Province of Canterbury; formerly held at the church of Saint Mary of the Arches (Saint Mary-le-Bow), Cheapside, London
j.m.j. - = Jesus, Mary, Joseph ...
Magdalene - See Mary Magdalene...
Martha - Sister of Lazarus and Mary, at Bethany. Though different from Mary in temperament, she was no less truly a devoted friend of Christ and beloved by him, John 11:5 . See Mary 4
Assumption - In Catholicism, the taking of the body and soul of Mary, by God, into glory. Catholic doctrine, apparently, does not state whether or not Mary died, but tradition holds that she died and was immediately afterward assumed into heaven both body and soul
Cleophas - The husband of Mary, one of the women who witnessed the crucifixion of Jesus. See Mary
f.m.m. - = Franciscan Missionaries of Mary ...
f.s.m. - = Franciscan Sisters of Mary ...
c.m.i. - = Carmelites of Mary Immaculate ...
Ave Maria - of Ave Mary...
r.m.i. - = Religious of Mary Immaculate ...
s.m.i. - = Sisters of Mary Immaculate ...
Virgin Mary - (See BLESSED VIRGIN Mary
Mary, Sister of Lazarus And Martha - On one of these visits Mary took her place at the feet of the Lord, feasting upon the words that fell from His lips. Martha wanted her help, but the Lord declared that one thing was needful, and Mary had chosen that good part, which should not be taken away from her. The heart of Mary was riven at the death of Lazarus. When Jesus arrived Mary exclaimed, as Martha had done previously, "Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died:" but Mary said it at the feet of the Lord. Jesus wept, and Mary thus learned His sympathy, and had a fresh taste of the good part which death could not take from her. To Martha Jesus said that she should have her brother back, and should see the power of death broken by the One who was "the resurrection and the life;" but Mary had Himself. ...
Afterwards, when they made the Lord a supper, a few days before He suffered, Mary, in full appreciation of her Lord, anointed His head and His feet with costly ointment. Judas and others were indignant at what they called 'waste,' but the Lord defended Mary's action, and said He was being anointed for His burial: this act should be told of her in the whole world
Alphae'us - (changing ) the father of the apostle James the Less, ( Matthew 10:3 ; Mark 3:18 ; Luke 6:15 ; Acts 1:13 ) and husband of Mary. (John 19:25 ) [1] In this latter place he is called Clopas (not, as in the Authorized Version, Cleophas)
Cle'Ophas, - Revised Version Clo'pas, the husband of Mary the sister of Virgin Mary
o.f.m.i. - = Franciscan Friars of Mary Immaculate ...
o.m.v. - = Oblates of the Virgin Mary ...
r.j.m. - = Religious of Jesus and Mary ...
r.v.m. - = Religious of the Virgin Mary ...
s.s.m.i. - = Sister Servants of Mary Immaculate ...
f.m.i. - = Daughters of Mary Immaculate; Marianist Sisters ...
d.s.m.p. - = Daughters of Saint Mary of Providence ...
d.h.m. - = Daughters of the Heart of Mary ...
o.m.i. - = Oblates of Mary Immaculate; Missionary Oblates ...
p.m. - = Sisters of the Presentation of Mary ...
c.h.m. - = Congregation of the Humility of Mary ...
Magdala, Magdalene - See Mary, No
h.m. - = Sisters of the Humility of Mary ...
s.s.m.n. - = Sisters of Saint Mary of Namur ...
s.s.m.o. - = Sisters of Saint Mary of Oregon ...
Inner Life of Mary - The supernatural life which Mary led on earth, particularly her advancement in grace and wisdom, in her intimate union with Jesus, her Divine Son, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity. Saint Luke, in chapter 2, tells us Mary's manner of meditation, how she pondered on the words concerning Jesus and the words spoken by Jesus: "But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart," and "his mother kept all these words in her heart. " The feast of the Inner Life of Mary is celebrated by the Sulpicians, October 19,
d.m. - = Daughters of Mary, Mother of the Church ...
o.s.m. - = Order of the Servants of Mary; Servites ...
l.c.m. - = Sisters of the Little Company of Mary ...
f.m.s.i. - = Sons of Mary, Health of the Sick ...
o.m.m. - = Work of Mary Mediatrix; Opus Mariae Mediatricis ...
c.j.m. - = Congregation of Jesus and Mary; Eudist Fathers ...
Mariolater - ) One who worships the Virgin Mary
Mariolatry - ) The worship of the Virgin Mary
r.s.h.m. - = Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary ...
s.s.c.m. - = Servants of the Holy Heart of Mary ...
Martha - Bitterness, the sister of Lazarus and Mary, and probably the eldest of the family, who all resided at Bethany (Luke 10:38,40,41 ; John 11:1-39 ). She seems to have been of an anxious, bustling spirit, anxious to be helpful in providing the best things for the Master's use, in contrast to the quiet earnestness of Mary, who was more concerned to avail herself of the opportunity of sitting at his feet and learning of him. "Mary and Martha are representatives of two orders of human character. Her own world was the all of Martha; Christ was the first thought with Mary. To Martha life was 'a succession of particular businesses;' to Mary life 'was rather the flow of one spirit. ' Martha was Petrine, Mary was Johannine
f.m.a. - = Daughters of Mary Help of Christian; Salesian Sisters ...
i.b.v.m. - = Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Loreto Sisters ...
i.c.m. - = Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary ...
i.h.m. - = Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary ...
Magdalene - , and Mary, No
s.m.m. - = Missionaries of the Company of Mary; Montfort Fathers ...
Mary - Mary, the mother of Jesus, is called theotokos by the church because her Son is the one and only Son of God, homoousios (consubstantial) with the Father. In the New Testament Mary is presented as the true Israelite, the model disciple, the woman of faith/faithfulness, and a type of the church. In 6:1-6a Jesus is identified as "the son of Mary, a brother [1] of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon, " and he is said to have "sisters. Since the early church maintained the perpetual virginity of Mary, it could not accept that Jesus had full blood brothers or sisters. ...
Matthew fills out the silhouette of Mary provided by Mark, but only in terms of the birth and infancy of her Son. Nevertheless all served God's messianic plan; so does Mary, whose son was not begotten by Joseph (v. " Further, Joseph is told and recognizes that Mary conceived her Son in a miraculous way through the direct and unique action of the Holy Spirit. ...
Luke presents Mary as the perfect disciple of her Son, who is also her Lord. ...
In the annunciation (1:26-38) Mary is called to unique discipleship. "...
In 1:39-56 we read of Mary's visit to Elizabeth, of Elizabeth's hymn to Mary, and then of Mary's "Magnificat. " Mary is both "the handmaid of the Lord" and "the mother of my Lord, " for her Son is the Son of God, the Messiah of Israel and Savior of the world. ...
Mary is also very much present in chapter 2 as the "mother of my Lord. 8-20), the naming of Jesus and the purification of Mary (vv. ...
From the hand of Luke we also learn in Acts 1:14 that Mary was present with others waiting for the arrival of the Holy Spirit. ...
John 19:25-27 presents Mary at the foot of the cross, where Jesus entrusts Mary to John and John to Mary. Here, it may be said, the new fellowship, the new ekklesia [3], is born and Mary has a central place within this communion of love. It would appear that the woman has a primary reference to the people of God, Israel, and the church, with a secondary reference to Mary, mother of the Messiah: she is a "type" of the church. ...
Mary is a unique woman because she is the mother of the Son of God and also the first Christian disciple. , Mary in the New Testament ; J. Tambasco, What Are They Saying about Mary? ...
...
m.ss.c. - = Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary ...
p.b.v.m. - = Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary ...
c.m.r.i. - = Congregation of Mary Immaculate Queen (Congregatio Mariae Reginae Immaculatae) ...
c.i.c.m. - = Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Scheut Missions) ...
s.n.j.m. - = Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary ...
Mary, Wife of Cleophas - By comparing together the following passages, Matthew 27:56,61 ; Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 15:40,47 ; Mark 16:1 ; and Luke 24:10 , it appears probable that 'the other Mary,' and 'Mary the mother of James (or James the less) and Joses' allude to the same person, and she may have been the wife of Clopas. In John 19:25 this Mary is said to be the sister of the Lord's mother, if we allow the word 'and' to separate the persons, which is the most obvious sense; and it is natural that as this is the only place where we read of the Lord's mother having a sister, it should say who she was. Thus there would be three Marys mentioned in the verse, and not four. That the Lord's mother should have a sister also called Mary may appear improbable, but the MSS vary, and there may have been a slight difference, as in the two modern names of Mary and Maria
Ave Maria Term - First words of the Latin version of the Hail Mary
s.m. - = Society of Mary; Marianists; Marists...
= sanctis memorilis (of holy memory) ...
m.i.c. - = Marian Clerics of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary ...
Matthan - —Grandfather of Joseph the husband of Mary, Matthew 1:15
ss.cc. - = Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary; Picpus Fathers ...
Miraculous Medal - A medal of the Blessed Virgin, used as a badge by sodalities of the Children of Mary and of the Immaculate Conception. It bears on one side an image of our Blessed Mother, with the words "O Mary, Conceived without Sin, Pray for Us Who Have Recourse to Thee. " On the reverse side is the letter M with a cross and twelve stars, and beneath are the Hearts of Jesus and Mary
Medal, Miraculous - A medal of the Blessed Virgin, used as a badge by sodalities of the Children of Mary and of the Immaculate Conception. It bears on one side an image of our Blessed Mother, with the words "O Mary, Conceived without Sin, Pray for Us Who Have Recourse to Thee. " On the reverse side is the letter M with a cross and twelve stars, and beneath are the Hearts of Jesus and Mary
Mary -
The wife of Joseph, the mother of Jesus, called the "Virgin Mary," though never so designated in Scripture (Matthew 2:11 ; Acts 1:14 ). After three months Mary returned to Nazareth to her own home. But as the inn was crowded, Mary had to retire to a place among the cattle, and there she brought forth her son, who was called Jesus (Matthew 1:21 ), because he was to save his people from their sins. There for thirty years Mary, the wife of Joseph the carpenter, resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her. ...
After the commencement of our Lord's public ministry little notice is taken of Mary. A year and a half after this we find her at Capernaum (Matthew 12:46,48,49 ), where Christ uttered the memorable words, "Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!" The next time we find her is at the cross along with her sister Mary, and Mary Magdalene, and Salome, and other women (John 19:26 ). ...
...
...
Mary Magdalene, i. , Mary of Magdala, a town on the western shore of the Lake of Tiberias. Out of Mary were cast seven demons. There Mary remained till all was over, and the body was taken down and laid in Joseph's tomb. Again, in the earliest dawn of the first day of the week she, with Salome and Mary the mother of James (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:2 ), came to the sepulchre, bringing with them sweet spices, that they might anoint the body of Jesus. His utterance of her name "Mary" recalls her to consciousness, and she utters the joyful, reverent cry, "Rabboni. " This is the last record regarding Mary of Magdala, who now returned to Jerusalem. The idea that this Mary was "the woman who was a sinner," or that she was unchaste, is altogether groundless. ...
...
Mary the sister of Lazarus is brought to our notice in connection with the visits of our Lord to Bethany. She is contrasted with her sister Martha, who was "cumbered about many things" while Jesus was their guest, while Mary had chosen "the good part. On the occasion of our Lord's last visit to Bethany, Mary brought "a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus" as he reclined at table in the house of one Simon, who had been a leper (Matthew 26:6 ; Mark 14:3 ; John 12:2,3 ). It would appear from this act of Mary's, and from the circumstance that they possessed a family vault (11:38), and that a large number of Jews from Jerusalem came to condole with them on the death of Lazarus (11:19), that this family at Bethany belonged to the wealthier class of the people. ) ...
...
Mary the wife of Cleopas is mentioned ( John 19:25 ) as standing at the cross in company with Mary of Magdala and Mary the mother of Jesus. By comparing Matthew 27:56 and Mark 15:40 , we find that this Mary and "Mary the mother of James the little" are on and the same person, and that she was the sister of our Lord's mother. She was that "other Mary" who was present with Mary of Magdala at the burial of our Lord (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ); and she was one of those who went early in the morning of the first day of the week to anoint the body, and thus became one of the first witnesses of the resurrection (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 24:1 ). ...
...
Mary the mother of John Mark was one of the earliest of our Lord's disciples
c.ss.cc. - = Congregatio Sacratissimorum Cordium; Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary ...
c.m.f. - = Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary; Cordis Mariae Filius; Claretians ...
Deiparous - ) Bearing or bringing forth a god; - said of the Virgin Mary
Brethren of the Lord - Jesus was Mary’s first-born ( Luke 2:7 ), and she subsequently (according to the view accepted in the present article) bore to Joseph four sons, James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon, and several daughters ( Matthew 13:55-56 = Mark 6:3 ). ...
In early days, partly at least in the interests of the notion of Mary’s perpetual virginity, two theories were promulgated in regard to the ‘Brethren of the Lord. ( b ) They were held to be His cousins, sons of Mary, the wife of Alphœus ( Matthew 27:56 = Mark 15:40 ); ‘brother’ here implying merely kinship, as Abraham calls himself and his nephew Lot ‘brethren’ ( Genesis 13:8 ), and Laban calls Jacob, his sister’s son, his ‘brother’ ( Genesis 29:16 ). That Mary, the wife of Alphæus and mother of James the Little, was a sister of Mary the mother of Jesus, is an inference from John 19:25 , where it is supposed that only three women are mentioned: (1) His mother, (2) His mother’s sister, viz. , Mary, the wife of Clopas (= Alphæus), and (3) Mary Magdalene. ), (3) Mary, the wife of Clopas, and (4) Mary Magdalene. It is very unlikely that two sisters should have been named Mary; and moreover, James, the son of Alphæus, was an Apostle ( Matthew 10:3 = Mark 3:18 = Luke 6:15 ), and none of the Lord’s brethren was an Apostle in His life-time (cf
Magdalene - A surname derived from Magdala, the place of her nativity, given to one of the Marys of the Gospels to distinguish her from the other Marys (Matthew 27:56,61 ; 28:1 , etc. A mistaken notion has prevailed that this Mary was a woman of bad character, that she was the woman who is emphatically called "a sinner" (Luke 7:36-50 ). (See Mary
Marymas - A name formerly given to special feasts in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary, particularly to the feast of the Annunciation; also, in medieval England, the Mass said in the Lady chapel or in honor of Mary, Mother of God. To this day, in the ultra-Protestant county of Ayrshire, Scotland, a fair held on or about August 15, is still called Marymas
Joses - Son of a Mary who beheld the crucifixion. See Mary, WIFE OF CLEOPHAS
Salmon - Along with Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James the Little, she came after the Sabbath was over, bringing fragrant oils (ἀρώματα, μύρα [2]) with which to anoint the body of Jesus. John there are mentioned as present at the Crucifixion (standing ‘by the cross’) ‘his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene. ’ It has been argued by some that three women only are here mentioned, and that the words ‘Mary of Clopas’ are explanatory of ‘his mother’s sister. The following considerations seem fairly conclusive in favour of this latter view: (1) it is most unlikely that two sisters in a private family should bear the same name; (2) the parallelism (‘his mother and his mother’s sister; Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene’) is characteristic of St. ‘Salome’); (4) the Peshitta inserts ‘and’ before Mary of Clopas; (5) Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Little (who is certainly the same as Mary of Clopas), and Salome are mentioned by St. Clopas, Mary
Mat'Than - (gift ), grandfather of Joseph the husband of the Virgin Mary
Molly - ) A pet or colloquial name for Mary
Rose Flower - These fiowers, in Christian art are associated with ...
Blessed Virgin Mary where they typically encircle the Heart of Mary, the "Mystical Rose" ...
Saint Angelus of Jerusalem ...
Saint Cecilia ...
Saint Columba of Rieta ...
Saint Dorothea ...
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary ...
Saint Hermengild ...
Saint Joscius ...
Saint Lydwina ...
Saint Rita of Cascia ...
Saint Rose of Lima ...
Saint Teresa of Jesus ...
Saint Valentine ...
Saint Victoria ...
John - Son of Mary
Lilies - In Christian art it is an emblem of ...
the Annunciation, to indicate the purity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Saint Agnes of Montepulciano
Saint Angelus of Jerusalem, as a symbol of his pure speech
Saint Anthony of Padua
Saint Antonius of Florence
Saint Casimir of Poland
Saint Catherine of Siena
Saint Catherine of Sweden
Saint Clydog
Saint Columba of Rieti
Saint Daria
Saint Didacus
Saint Dominic de Guzman
Saint Emerentiana, as a symbol of a pure death
Saint Francis Xavier
Gabriel the Archangel due to his connection to the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Annunciation
Saint Gertrude the Great
Saint Joseph, whose staff (according to an ancient legend) bloomed into lilies in the presence of Mary as a symbol of his chastity
Saint Justina of Padua
Saint Kenelm
Saint Lydwina of Schiedam
Saint Martina
Saint Margaret of Hungary
Saint Mary Anne de Paredes, in reference the lily that grew from her spilled blood
Saint Nicholas of Tolentino
Blessed Osanna Andreasi
Saint Pulcheria
Saint Ursicinus of Saint-Ursanne
and others. Part of the commonly used informal titles of ...
Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, the Lily of the Mohawks
Blessed Mariana of Jesus, the Lily of Madrid
Saint Mary Anne de Paredes, the Lily of Quito
Saint Rafqa, the Lily of Himlaya
The name Susanna derives from a word for lily
Lily - In Christian art it is an emblem of ...
the Annunciation, to indicate the purity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Saint Agnes of Montepulciano
Saint Angelus of Jerusalem, as a symbol of his pure speech
Saint Anthony of Padua
Saint Antonius of Florence
Saint Casimir of Poland
Saint Catherine of Siena
Saint Catherine of Sweden
Saint Clydog
Saint Columba of Rieti
Saint Daria
Saint Didacus
Saint Dominic de Guzman
Saint Emerentiana, as a symbol of a pure death
Saint Francis Xavier
Gabriel the Archangel due to his connection to the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Annunciation
Saint Gertrude the Great
Saint Joseph, whose staff (according to an ancient legend) bloomed into lilies in the presence of Mary as a symbol of his chastity
Saint Justina of Padua
Saint Kenelm
Saint Lydwina of Schiedam
Saint Martina
Saint Margaret of Hungary
Saint Mary Anne de Paredes, in reference the lily that grew from her spilled blood
Saint Nicholas of Tolentino
Blessed Osanna Andreasi
Saint Pulcheria
Saint Ursicinus of Saint-Ursanne
and others. Part of the commonly used informal titles of ...
Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, the Lily of the Mohawks
Blessed Mariana of Jesus, the Lily of Madrid
Saint Mary Anne de Paredes, the Lily of Quito
Saint Rafqa, the Lily of Himlaya
The name Susanna derives from a word for lily
Devotion to the Pure Heart of Mary - Devotion to the pure Heart of Mary was inspired by the love of that Heart for God and man, and also, from the desire to honor the Immaculate Heart which was a symbol of all that was purest and best, of all heroic virtue, of charity, of purity, of humility. Public devotion to the Heart of Mary was first promulgated by Saint John Eudes. founder of the Society of Jesus and Mary (Eudists). The devotion was given new impetus by the apparition of the miraculous medal and the establishment of the archconfraternity of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Refuge of Sinners, at Our Lady of Victories, Paris
Immaculate Conception - The teaching that Mary was conceived without original sin
Rhoda - A maid in the house of Mary when Peter was delivered from prison
co'Sam - (a diviner ), son of Elmodam, in the line of Joseph the husband of Mary
Mary - Mary being espoused to Joseph, the Angel Gabriel appeared to her, to announce to her that she should be the mother of the Messiah, Luke 1:26-27 , &c. Mary answered, "Behold the handmaid of the Lord, be it unto me according to thy word;" and presently she conceived. As soon as Elizabeth heard the voice of Mary, her child, John the Baptist, leaped in her womb; and she was filled with the Holy Ghost, and spake with a loud voice, saying, "Blessed art thou among women,"...
&c. Then Mary praised God, saying, "My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour," &c. Mary continued with Elizabeth about three months, and then returned to her own house. An edict of Caesar Augustus having decreed, that all subjects of the empire should go to their own cities, to register their names according to their families, Joseph and Mary, who were both of the lineage of David, went to Bethlehem, from whence sprung their family. But while they were here, the time being fulfilled in which Mary was to be delivered, she brought forth her first-born son. Angels made this event known to shepherds, who were in the fields near Bethlehem, and these came in the night to Joseph and Mary and saw the child laying in the manger, and paid him their adoration. ...
Mary and Joseph went every year to Jerusalem to the passover; and when Jesus was twelve years of age, they took him with them. The Gospel speaks nothing more of the Virgin Mary till the marriage at Cana of Galilee, at which she was present with her son Jesus. Mary, the another of John Mark, a disciple of the Apostles. Mary, of Cleophas. These last mentioned authors take Mary mother of James, and Mary wife of Cleophas, to be the same person, Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40-41 ; Luke 24:10 ; John 19:25 . John gives her the name of Mary of Cleophas; and the other evangelists, the name of Mary, mother of James. Cleophas and Alpheus are the same person; as James, son of Mary, wife of Cleophas, is the same as James, son of Alpheus. It is thought she was the sister of the Virgin Mary, and that she was the mother of James the less, of Joses, of Simon, and of Judas, who in the Gospel are named the brethren of Jesus Christ, Matthew 13:55 ; Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 6:3 ; that is, his cousin-germans. This is all we know with certainty concerning Mary, the wife of Cleophas. Mary, sister of Lazarus, who has been preposterously confounded with that female sinner spoken of, Luke 7:37-39 . Upon this occasion, Mary, taking a pound of spikenard, which is the most precious perfume of its kind, poured it upon the head and feet of Jesus. Judas Iscariot murmured at this; but Jesus justified Mary in what she had done, saying, that by this action she had prevented his embalmment, and in a manner had declared his death and burial, which were at hand. From this period the Scriptures make no mention of either Mary or Martha. Mary MAGDALENE, so called, it is probable, from Magdala, a town of Galilee, of which she was a native, or where she had resided during the early part of her life. He informs us, also, in the same place, that Jesus, in company with his Apostles, preached the Gospel from city to city; and that there were several women with them, whom he had delivered from evil spirits, and healed of their infirmities; among whom was this Mary, whom some, without a shadow of proof, have supposed to be the sinful woman spoken of, Luke 7:37-39 ; as others have as erroneously imagined her to be Mary, the sister of Lazarus. Mary Magdalene, is mentioned by the evangelists as being one of those women that followed our Saviour to minister to him according to the custom of the Jews. All the Sabbath day she remained in the city; and the next day, early in the morning, went to the sepulchre along with Mary, the mother of James, and Salome, Mark 16:1-2 ; Luke 24:1-2 . Townley's Essays, there is one of considerable research on Mary Magdalene; and his conclusion is, that it is probable that the woman mentioned by St. Luke, and called in the English translation "a sinner," had formerly been a Heathen; but whether subsequently a proselyte to Judaism or not, is uncertain; and that, having been brought to the knowledge of Christian truth, and having found mercy from the Redeemer, she pressed into Simon's house, and gave the strongest proofs of her gratitude and veneration by anointing the Saviour's feet, bedewing them with her tears, and wiping them with the hairs of her head:—that by a wilful and malicious misrepresentation, the Jews confounded Mary Magdalene with Mary the mother of Jesus, and represented her as an infamous character;—and that, from the blasphemous calumny of the Jews, a stigma of infamy has been affixed to the name of Mary Magdalene, and caused her to be regarded in the false light of a penitent prostitute. There is no doubt but that Mary Magdalene, both in character and circumstances, was a woman of good reputation
ma'ry Magdalene - " Of Mary it is said specially that "seven devils went out of her," and the number indicates a possession of more than ordinary malignity. ( John 19:25 ) She remained by the cross till all was over, and waited till the body was taken down and placed in the garden sepulchre of Joseph of Arimathaea, (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ; Luke 23:55 ) when she, with Salome and Mary the mother of James, "bought sweet spices that they might come and anoint" the body. in the earliest dawn, (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:2 ) they came with Mary the mother of James to the sepulchre. Mary Magdalene had been to the tomb and had found it empty, and had seen the "vision of angels. (John 20:14,15 ) Mary Magdalene has become the type of a class of repentant sinners; but there is no authority for identifying her with the "sinner" who anointed the feet of Jesus in (Luke 7:36-50 ) neither is there any authority for the supposition that Mary Magdalene is the same as the sister of Lazarus
c.m. - = Congregation of the Mission; Fathers of the Company of Mary; Vincentians; Lazarists ...
= causa mortis (on occasion of death) ...
Pieta - ) A representation of the dead Christ, attended by the Virgin Mary or by holy women and angels
a.m. - = Ave, Maria (Hail, Mary)
Lambe, Alphonsus - Upon returning home in 1949, he joined the Legion of Mary and soon became an enthusiastic member. With Seamus Grace, he was sent as a Legion of Mary envoy to South America in 1953. Worked his remaining six years promoting the Legion of Mary in Colombia, Argentina, Ecuador, Uruguay and Brazil; reported to have established over 2,000 groups. ...
Born Friday June 24, 1932 in Tullamore, Ireland ...
Died January 21, 1959 at Buenos Aires, Argentina of stomach cancer; buried in the Irish Christian Brothers vault, Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires ...
Venerated; pending; his Cause for Canonization was introduced by the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires in 1978; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Alphonsus Lambe, contact...
Concilium Legionis Mariae...
Morning Star Avenue...
Brunswick Street...
Dublin 7, IRELAND ...
Prayers O God, who by your infinite mercy inflamed the heart of your servant, Alphonsus Lambe with an ardent love for you and for Mary, our Mother; a love which revealed itself in a life of intense labour, prayer and sacrifice for the salvation of souls, grant, if it be your will, that we may obtain, by his intercession, what we cannot obtain by our own merits. - Prayer for the Beatification of the Servant of God, Alphonsus Lambe ...
Additional Information Legion of Mary - portuguese...
Legion of Mary, Tidewater...
Tullamore Parish...
Readings Alfie's life was like a meteor. ...
- Hilde Firtel, Legion of Mary envoy ...
Alfie Lambe - Upon returning home in 1949, he joined the Legion of Mary and soon became an enthusiastic member. With Seamus Grace, he was sent as a Legion of Mary envoy to South America in 1953. Worked his remaining six years promoting the Legion of Mary in Colombia, Argentina, Ecuador, Uruguay and Brazil; reported to have established over 2,000 groups. ...
Born Friday June 24, 1932 in Tullamore, Ireland ...
Died January 21, 1959 at Buenos Aires, Argentina of stomach cancer; buried in the Irish Christian Brothers vault, Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires ...
Venerated; pending; his Cause for Canonization was introduced by the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires in 1978; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Alphonsus Lambe, contact...
Concilium Legionis Mariae...
Morning Star Avenue...
Brunswick Street...
Dublin 7, IRELAND ...
Prayers O God, who by your infinite mercy inflamed the heart of your servant, Alphonsus Lambe with an ardent love for you and for Mary, our Mother; a love which revealed itself in a life of intense labour, prayer and sacrifice for the salvation of souls, grant, if it be your will, that we may obtain, by his intercession, what we cannot obtain by our own merits. - Prayer for the Beatification of the Servant of God, Alphonsus Lambe ...
Additional Information Legion of Mary - portuguese...
Legion of Mary, Tidewater...
Tullamore Parish...
Readings Alfie's life was like a meteor. ...
- Hilde Firtel, Legion of Mary envoy ...
Mary Mediatrix - A title of our blessed Lady, expressive of the doctrine that all graces come to us from Christ through the hands of Mary. The doctrine of Mary Mediatrix, now the common teaching of theologians, is being favorably considered for definition as a dogma of faith
Mary, Mediatrix of All Graces - A title of our blessed Lady, expressive of the doctrine that all graces come to us from Christ through the hands of Mary. The doctrine of Mary Mediatrix, now the common teaching of theologians, is being favorably considered for definition as a dogma of faith
Cleophas - In John 19:25 the Authorized Version reads, "Mary, the wife of Clopas. If "wife" is rightly inserted, then Mary was the mother of James the Less, and Clopas is the same as Alphaeus ( Matthew 10:3 ; 27:56 )
Hail Mary - ...
Hail Mary! Full of grace, the Lord is with you. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death
Magnificat - ) The song of the Virgin Mary, Luke i
Ladykin - ) A little lady; - applied by the writers of Queen Elizabeth's time, in the abbreviated form Lakin, to the Virgin Mary
Mirror of Justice - Title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Litany of Loretto, symbolizing the reflection of God's justice in her unspotted soul
Justice, Mirror of - Title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Litany of Loretto, symbolizing the reflection of God's justice in her unspotted soul
Angelic Salutation - Part of the greeting of the angel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin repeated in the prayer beginning Hail Mary (Latin: Ave Maria)
September - (Latin: septem, seven: seventh month of the Roman year) ...
Month of special devotion to the Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Saturday - Named for the Roman god Saturn, the day of the week consecrated by the Church for devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary
Salutation, Angelic - Part of the greeting of the angel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin repeated in the prayer beginning Hail Mary (Latin: Ave Maria)
Order of Servants of Mary - She held in her hand the black habit, and a nearby angel bore a scroll reading Servants of Mary Mary told them, ...
You will found a new order, and you will be my witnesses throughout the world. This is your name: Servants of Mary
Servant Friars - She held in her hand the black habit, and a nearby angel bore a scroll reading Servants of Mary Mary told them, ...
You will found a new order, and you will be my witnesses throughout the world. This is your name: Servants of Mary
Servites - She held in her hand the black habit, and a nearby angel bore a scroll reading Servants of Mary Mary told them, ...
You will found a new order, and you will be my witnesses throughout the world. This is your name: Servants of Mary
Dies Mariae Deiparae - "Day of Mary Mother of God" is the primitive title for the feast. 431) which declared as a dogma of faith that Mary was truly the Mother of God
Day, Lady - "Day of Mary Mother of God" is the primitive title for the feast. 431) which declared as a dogma of faith that Mary was truly the Mother of God
Day of Mary Mother of God - "Day of Mary Mother of God" is the primitive title for the feast. 431) which declared as a dogma of faith that Mary was truly the Mother of God
Lady Day - "Day of Mary Mother of God" is the primitive title for the feast. 431) which declared as a dogma of faith that Mary was truly the Mother of God
Heli - Father of Joseph, husband of the Virgin Mary. Probably the brother of Jacob, Mary's father (Luke 3:23)
Rhoda - Rose, a young damsel in the household of Mary mother of John Mark, when Peter was miraculously released from prison, Acts 12:13
Joseph the Husband of Mary - ...
Possibly, however, the genealogy in Luke is that of Mary, not Joseph. Jesus was conceived in the womb of the virgin Mary by the direct activity of God’s Spirit, without the help of any man. It is understandable that Joseph was called the father of Jesus (John 1:45; John 6:42), because legally he was, but Joseph knew that he was not the cause of Mary’s pregnancy. When he thought of breaking the engagement with Mary secretly (for he did not want to embarrass her), God told him that Mary was morally blameless and her pregnancy was miraculous (Matthew 1:18-25; cf. ...
After the birth, Joseph showed a loving concern for both Mary and Jesus, and a readiness to act promptly when God directed him (Matthew 2:13-15; Matthew 2:19-23). With Mary he took the baby to Jerusalem for the ceremonies required by the Jewish law (Luke 2:22). The brothers and sisters of Jesus were probably children of Mary and Joseph, born to them once they began sexual relations after the birth of Jesus (Matthew 1:25)
Ottawa, University of - Conducted by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Act of Toleration - Passed in England in the reign of Will1am and Mary, granted freedom of religious worship to all, except Catholics and persons denying the Trinity
University of Ottawa - Conducted by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Cleophas - The husband of Mary, John 19:25 , called also ALPHEUS, which see
Montfort, Louis Marie Orignion de - He founded the Sisters of Wisdom and the Company of Mary, and was an enthusiastic promoter of devotion to Our Lady. His "Treatise on the True Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary" was translated by Father Faber, New York, 1909
Leslie, John - From 1561 he was in the service of Mary Queen of Scots, and never wavered in his fidelity. He spent several years in prison at Ely and the Tower for having favored the projected marriage of Mary with Norfolk, but in 1573 was exiled to the continent
John Leslie - From 1561 he was in the service of Mary Queen of Scots, and never wavered in his fidelity. He spent several years in prison at Ely and the Tower for having favored the projected marriage of Mary with Norfolk, but in 1573 was exiled to the continent
Louis de Montfort - He founded the Sisters of Wisdom and the Company of Mary, and was an enthusiastic promoter of devotion to Our Lady. His "Treatise on the True Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary" was translated by Father Faber, New York, 1909
Elisabeth - On being visited by Mary, she was filled with the Holy Spirit, and hailed Mary as 'the mother of my Lord
Immaculate Heart College - Los Angeles, California, founded, 1906; conducted by Sisters of the Most Holy and Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary; college of arts and sciences
Feast of the Holy Name of Mary - It is the titular feast of the Society of Mary (Marianists) and of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Name of Mary - The name Mary has been given many meanings, for example: "the well-beloved," "the magnificent," "bitter," "star w the sea," "lady," "beautiful," "the perfect one. The Irish language has a special word, "Muire," which is never given to any Mary but the Mother of God
John Eudes, Saint - He established the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity, and in 1643 the Society of Jesus and Mary. Through his efforts, devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Holy Heart of Mary became widespread
Elisabeth - Of the daughters of Aaron; related ("cousin") to the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:5; Luke 1:36). The first to bless Mary as "the mother of her Lord" (Luke 1:40-45)
Immaculate Heart of Mary, Scapular of the - Badge of the society of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. It is white woollen cloth, with a picture of the Heart of Mary surrounded by flames, surmounted by a lily, encircled with roses, and pierced by a sword
Mary, Name of - The name Mary has been given many meanings, for example: "the well-beloved," "the magnificent," "bitter," "star w the sea," "lady," "beautiful," "the perfect one. The Irish language has a special word, "Muire," which is never given to any Mary but the Mother of God
Holy Name of Mary, Feast of the - It is the titular feast of the Society of Mary (Marianists) and of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Eudes, John, Saint - He established the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity, and in 1643 the Society of Jesus and Mary. Through his efforts, devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Holy Heart of Mary became widespread
Scapular of the Immaculate Heart of Mary - Badge of the society of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. It is white woollen cloth, with a picture of the Heart of Mary surrounded by flames, surmounted by a lily, encircled with roses, and pierced by a sword
Jovinianist - ) An adherent to the doctrines of Jovinian, a monk of the fourth century, who denied the virginity of Mary, and opposed the asceticism of his time
Brothers, Jesus - Nevertheless, some writings in the early centuries raised questions about the brothers to protect their developing doctrine of Mary's perpetual virginity. One of them, often called the Gospel of James, tells the life story of Mary, using much fanciful material. Later a famous scholar, Jerome, argued that Jesus' brothers were really his cousins because their mother was Mary of Cleophas and the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus (see John 19:25 ). Jesus was born of the virgin Mary. Mary and Joseph then had four sons in the way all humans normally do
Maria of Jesus - Hers was a pious family, and all of them eventually entered religious life in 1618 - her father and brothers became Franciscan brothers, Mary, her mother and sister became Franciscan nuns, the castle was converted into a convent, and all the family's wealth was given to the poor. Chosen abbess of the convent of Agreda in 1627, Mary held the position the remaining 38 years of her life. Received an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary which led to her enormous work, The Mystical City of God, the Divine History of the Virgin Mother of God, which provoked a bitter controversy over its claim to be a revelation. ...
Born April 2, 1602 in her family castle at Agreda, Spain ...
Died May 24, 1665 in Ágreda, Soria, Spain of natural causes; body incorrupt ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Sister Mary, contact...
MM. Inasmuch as no efficacious and complete decree of this temporal generation could exist without at the same time including his Mother, and such a Mother, the most holy Mary, was then and there conceived within that beautiful Immensity, and Her eternal record was written in the bosom of the Divinity, in order that for all the ages it should never be blotted out. ...
- Mary of Agreda It was revealed to me that through the intercession of the Mother of God, all heresies will disappear. Before the Second Coming of Christ, Mary must, more than ever, shine in mercy, might and grace in order to bring unbelievers into the Catholic Faith. ...
- Mary of Agreda ...
Agreda, Maria de - Hers was a pious family, and all of them eventually entered religious life in 1618 - her father and brothers became Franciscan brothers, Mary, her mother and sister became Franciscan nuns, the castle was converted into a convent, and all the family's wealth was given to the poor. Chosen abbess of the convent of Agreda in 1627, Mary held the position the remaining 38 years of her life. Received an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary which led to her enormous work, The Mystical City of God, the Divine History of the Virgin Mother of God, which provoked a bitter controversy over its claim to be a revelation. ...
Born April 2, 1602 in her family castle at Agreda, Spain ...
Died May 24, 1665 in Ágreda, Soria, Spain of natural causes; body incorrupt ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Sister Mary, contact...
MM. Inasmuch as no efficacious and complete decree of this temporal generation could exist without at the same time including his Mother, and such a Mother, the most holy Mary, was then and there conceived within that beautiful Immensity, and Her eternal record was written in the bosom of the Divinity, in order that for all the ages it should never be blotted out. ...
- Mary of Agreda It was revealed to me that through the intercession of the Mother of God, all heresies will disappear. Before the Second Coming of Christ, Mary must, more than ever, shine in mercy, might and grace in order to bring unbelievers into the Catholic Faith. ...
- Mary of Agreda ...
Mary, the Mother of Jesus - ' Mary also praised God: He had regarded the low estate of His handmaid: all generations would call her blessed. ...
An enrolment, or census, decreed by the imperial power of Rome, caused Joseph, to whom Mary had been espoused, to take her to the city of Bethlehem, where, according to prophecy, Jesus was born. Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart. When the babe was presented in the temple the pious Simeon blessed Mary, but had to tell her that a sword should pierce through her own soul. Homage was also rendered to Him by the Magi, but, to avoid the murderous intentions of Herod, Joseph was directed to carry Mary and the young child into Egypt. ...
Mary is next met with when Jesus remained at Jerusalem after the Passover, and was found among the doctors. Once afterwards Mary came with His 'brethren' desiring to speak with Him; but again a mysterious saying declared that those who did the will of His Father were His brother, and sister, and mother. ...
No doubt Mary subsequently understood the depth of these sayings when she came to learn what His death accomplished. The crowds said, "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us?" Mark 6:3 , etc
Father of Lights! One Glance of Thine - Hymn for Vespers on July 22, the Feast of Saint Mary Magdalen
Immaculata College - Immaculata, Pennsylvania, founded 1920; conducted by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary; preparatory school; college of arts and sciences; special, extension, and correspondence courses; summer school
Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College - Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, Indiana
Mariolatry - (Greek: Maria; latria, worship) ...
An opprobrious term, indicating that the veneration given to Mary by Catholics (hyperdulia) is equivalent to, or encroaches upon, the honor due to God alone (latria)
Guise - ...
Claude Guise
Francois Guise
Charles Guise
Mary Guise
Henri Guise
Charles Guise
Magdala - It was the birthplace of Mary called the Magdalen, or Mary Magdalene
Virgin - Hence the Virgin Mary, by way of distinction is thus spoken of, implying that she was after, as well as before, the birth of Christ, the Almah. See Mary
Dayton, University of - Dayton, 0hio, USA; founded 1850; conducted by the Society of Mary; preparatory school; colleges of arts, letters, and sciences; commerce and finance; engineering; law; education; evening and Saturday courses; summer school
Rhoda - A rose, the damsel in the house of Mary, the mother of John Mark
Marygrove College - Detroit, Michigan, founded 1910; conducted by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary; preparatory school; colleges of arts and sciences, music; normal school; summer school. See also: ...
Marygrove College
Costly - ...
Mary took a pound of spikenard, very costly
University of Dayton, Ohio - Dayton, 0hio, USA; founded 1850; conducted by the Society of Mary; preparatory school; colleges of arts, letters, and sciences; commerce and finance; engineering; law; education; evening and Saturday courses; summer school
Rabboni - Used in Mark 10, by Bartimaeus and in John 20, by Saint Mary Magdalene
Mat'That - ) ...
Grandfather of the Virgin Mary
Elizabeth - Elizabeth was also related to Mary the mother of Jesus (Luke 1:36). ...
When Elizabeth was six months pregnant, Mary visited her, bringing news that she (Mary) was to be the mother of the promised Messiah (Luke 1:35-36; Luke 1:39-40)
Globe - A symbol often shown beneath the feet of the Virgin Mary, to indicate that she is the Queen of the World
Rhoda - The name of the maid-servant in the house of Mary, John Mark’s mother, when St
Ave Maria Stella - Hymn for Vespers on feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Hail, Thou Star of Ocean - Hymn for Vespers on feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Bethany - Here Martha and Mary dwelt, and Lazarus was raised from the dead, John 11:1-57 Here Mary anointed the Lord against the day of his burying, John 12:1-50 ; and from the midst of his disciples near this village which he loved, he ascended to heaven, Matthew 24:50
Maria Castis Osculis - Hymn for Matins on feast of Saint Mary Magdalen, July 22,
His Sacred Feet With Tears of Agony - Hymn for Matins on feast of Saint Mary Magdalen, July 22,
Assumption Abbey - Benedictine abbey of the Swiss American Congregation, founded as the monastery of Saint Mary by Vincent Wehrle, O
Candlemas - ) The second day of February, on which is celebrated the feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary; - so called because the candles for the altar or other sacred uses are blessed on that day
lo! Mary is Exempt From Stain of Sin - Hymn for Vespers (II) on February 11, Feast of the Apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculate, composed by an unknown author
Marywood University - Scranton, Pennsylvania, conducted by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary; colleges of arts and sciences, commerce, education, social service, home economics, fine arts, music; graduate and extension courses; summer school. See also: Marywood University
Marymount College - Tarrytown, New York, conducted by the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary; preparatory school; colleges of arts and sciences, home economics, fine arts; graduate course. See also: Marymount College
Sacred Heart of Jesus, Scapular of the - It is white, bearing pictures of the Heart of Jesus and the Heart of Mary
Scapular of the Sacred Heart of Jesus - It is white, bearing pictures of the Heart of Jesus and the Heart of Mary
University, Marywood - Scranton, Pennsylvania, conducted by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary; colleges of arts and sciences, commerce, education, social service, home economics, fine arts, music; graduate and extension courses; summer school. See also: Marywood University
Magdala - Only once mentioned (Matthew 15:39 , where some MSS read Magadan), except as the birth-place of Mary Magdalene
Annunciation - The tidings brought by the angel Gabriel to the virgin Mary of the incarnation of Christ
Saint Teresa, College of - Today it is one of the campuses of the University of Saint Mary ...
Heli - He has been seen as the father of Joseph, a more remote ancestor of Joseph, or an ancestor of Mary. Either Jacob and Heli are variant names of the same person, “son of” means “descendant of” as in other genealogies, or Luke preserved the genealogy of Mary rather than of Joseph
Elizabeth, Saint - According to the Gospel of Saint Luke she was "of the daughters of Aaron," and a kinswoman of the Blessed Virgin Mary, although their actual relationship is unknown. Five months later when Elizabeth was visited in her home by Mary, not only was her son sanctified in her womb, but she herself was divinely inspired to salute her cousin as "Mother of my Lord
Brother - Observe, that in Matthew 13:55 , James, and Joses, and Judas, are called the αδελφοι , brethren, of Christ, but were most probably only his cousins by his mother's side; for James and Joses were the sons of Mary, Matthew 27:56 ; and James and Judas, the sons of Alpheus, Luke 6:15-16 ; which Alpheus is therefore probably the same with Cleopas, the husband of Mary, sister to our Lord's mother, John 19:25
Apparition - Folklore of apparitions are particularly strong among Catholics who claim appearances of the saints, Mary, and Jesus with messages of repentance and turning to the Catholic sacraments and confession
Bentivoglio, Annetta - Also known as Anna Bentivoglio...
Annetta Bentivoglio...
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus...
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio...
Mary Magdalen...
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus ...
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. ...
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio ...
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact...
Monastery of Saint Clare...
509 South Kentucky Avenue...
Evansville, IN 47714, USA ...
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana...
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska...
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada...
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad? ...
- Mother Mary Magdalena ...
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio - Also known as Anna Bentivoglio...
Annetta Bentivoglio...
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus...
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio...
Mary Magdalen...
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus ...
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. ...
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio ...
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact...
Monastery of Saint Clare...
509 South Kentucky Avenue...
Evansville, IN 47714, USA ...
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana...
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska...
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada...
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad? ...
- Mother Mary Magdalena ...
Mary Magdalena Bentivoglio - Also known as Anna Bentivoglio...
Annetta Bentivoglio...
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus...
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio...
Mary Magdalen...
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus ...
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. ...
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio ...
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact...
Monastery of Saint Clare...
509 South Kentucky Avenue...
Evansville, IN 47714, USA ...
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana...
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska...
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada...
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad? ...
- Mother Mary Magdalena ...
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus - Also known as Anna Bentivoglio...
Annetta Bentivoglio...
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus...
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio...
Mary Magdalen...
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus ...
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. ...
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio ...
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact...
Monastery of Saint Clare...
509 South Kentucky Avenue...
Evansville, IN 47714, USA ...
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana...
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska...
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada...
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad? ...
- Mother Mary Magdalena ...
Annetta Bentivoglio - Also known as Anna Bentivoglio...
Annetta Bentivoglio...
Maria Maddalena of the Sacred Heart of Jesus...
Maria Magdalena Bentivoglio...
Mary Magdalen...
Mary Magdalen of the Sacred Heart of Jesus ...
Profile A stubborn but pious child who enjoyed being at the Colosseum, imaging that she was living and dying alongside the ancient martyrs. ...
Born July 29, 1824 at Rome, Italy as Annetta Bentivoglio ...
Died August 18, 1905 of natural causes; during the last half hour of her life witnesses say that her wall crucifix gave off light which shone on her; body incorrupt after 30 years ...
Venerated; pending; if you have information relevant to the Cause of Mother Mary Magdalena, contact...
Monastery of Saint Clare...
509 South Kentucky Avenue...
Evansville, IN 47714, USA ...
Additional Information Monastery of Saint Clare, Evansville, Indiana...
Poor Clare Sisters, Omaha, Nebraska...
Saint Clare's Monastery, Duncan, British Columbia, Canada...
Readings All my life I have asked God for crosses and now that He has sent them, why should I not be glad? ...
- Mother Mary Magdalena ...
Gabriel - The messenger sent to Daniel, and to Zacharias, and to the Virgin Mary
Madonna - ) A picture of the Virgin Mary (usually with the babe)
Gate of Heaven - (Latin: Janua caeli) ...
Name applied to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Litany of Loreto, and in the hymn "Alma Redemptoris," because through her Christ came into the world, and on her intercession we largely base our hope of salvation
Heaven, Gate of - (Latin: Janua caeli) ...
Name applied to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Litany of Loreto, and in the hymn "Alma Redemptoris," because through her Christ came into the world, and on her intercession we largely base our hope of salvation
ga'Briel - (man of God ), an angel sent by God to announce to Zacharias the birth of John the Baptist, and to Mary the birth of Christ
Mary - MARY...
1. Mary the mother of James the Little and Joses, one of the women who followed Jesus from Galilee, stood beside the cross, watched the burial, and visited the sepulchre on the Resurrection morning (Matthew 27:55-56 = Mark 15:40-41, Matthew 27:61 = Mark 15:47, Mark 16:1 = Matthew 28:1 = Luke 24:10). Jerome, in support of his theory of ‘the Brethren of Jesus,’ construes Μαριὰμ ἡ τοῦ Κλωτᾶ in John 19:25 as in opposition to ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ, thus reducing the number of the women by the Cross to three, and making ‘Mary the [2] of Clopas’ the Virgin’s sister. Mary Magdalene. It had, however, an evil reputation, and was destroyed, according to the same authority, for harlotry, so that ‘Mary the Magdalene’ might be equivalent to ‘Mary the harlot’ (cf. It is possible that Mary had been a harlot, that Jesus had rescued her from her life of shame, and that she followed Him out of gratitude. Mary of Bethany. Luke (Luke 10:38-42), who tells how Jesus, probably on His way to the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2; John 7:10) in the third year of His ministry, reached ‘a certain village,’ and was hospitably received by ‘a certain woman by name Martha,’ who had a sister called Mary. Martha, a good housewife, was busy making ready the festal cheer; but Mary, oblivious of all save the Lord’s presence, seated herself, in the posture of a disciple (cf. ]'>[4] for it is the good “portion” that Mary chose, one which shall not be taken away from her. ’ At that season, when they were all feasting and sending ‘portions,’ Mary was thinking not of the meat that perisheth, but of that which endureth unto eternal life. Luke does not name the village where Martha and Mary dwelt. Mary arose, and, hurrying to Him, fell at His feet, crying in the very words which Martha had used, the words which had been on their lips all those sorrowful days: ‘Lord, hadst thou been here, my brother had not died. ...
Mary appears a third time six days before the Passover, when Jesus was entertained in the house of Simon the Leper at Bethany, and she came in during the feast and anointed His feet (John 12:1-11; cf. ‘Mary’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible and in Encyc
Mary - MARY...
1. Mary the mother of James the Little and Joses, one of the women who followed Jesus from Galilee, stood beside the cross, watched the burial, and visited the sepulchre on the Resurrection morning (Matthew 27:55-56 = Mark 15:40-41, Matthew 27:61 = Mark 15:47, Mark 16:1 = Matthew 28:1 = Luke 24:10). Jerome, in support of his theory of ‘the Brethren of Jesus,’ construes Μαριὰμ ἡ τοῦ Κλωτᾶ in John 19:25 as in opposition to ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ, thus reducing the number of the women by the Cross to three, and making ‘Mary the [2] of Clopas’ the Virgin’s sister. Mary Magdalene. It had, however, an evil reputation, and was destroyed, according to the same authority, for harlotry, so that ‘Mary the Magdalene’ might be equivalent to ‘Mary the harlot’ (cf. It is possible that Mary had been a harlot, that Jesus had rescued her from her life of shame, and that she followed Him out of gratitude. Mary of Bethany. Luke (Luke 10:38-42), who tells how Jesus, probably on His way to the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2; Numbers 29:12-38,6) in the third year of His ministry, reached ‘a certain village,’ and was hospitably received by ‘a certain woman by name Martha,’ who had a sister called Mary. Martha, a good housewife, was busy making ready the festal cheer; but Mary, oblivious of all save the Lord’s presence, seated herself, in the posture of a disciple (cf. ]'>[4] for it is the good “portion” that Mary chose, one which shall not be taken away from her. ’ At that season, when they were all feasting and sending ‘portions,’ Mary was thinking not of the meat that perisheth, but of that which endureth unto eternal life. Luke does not name the village where Martha and Mary dwelt. Mary arose, and, hurrying to Him, fell at His feet, crying in the very words which Martha had used, the words which had been on their lips all those sorrowful days: ‘Lord, hadst thou been here, my brother had not died. ...
Mary appears a third time six days before the Passover, when Jesus was entertained in the house of Simon the Leper at Bethany, and she came in during the feast and anointed His feet (John 12:1-11; cf. ‘Mary’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible and in Encyc
Martha - Martha, Mary and their brother Lazarus lived in the village of Bethany, just outside Jerusalem (John 11:1; John 11:18). Mary, realizing this, talked with Jesus, and in so doing she benefited from the words he spoke (Luke 10:38-42). Martha and Mary were convinced that if Jesus had been there, he could have done something to stop Lazarus from dying (John 11:19-21; John 11:28-32). ...
A few days later, when Jesus and his disciples were having a meal with Lazarus and his two sisters, Mary anointed his feet with costly ointment. (If the anointing by Mary referred to above was the same as that recorded in Matthew 26:6-13, the person called Simon the leper was possibly Martha’s father or husband
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - of Jesus Christ as the reputed and legal son of Joseph and Mary. ...
Mary, the mother of Jesus, was in all probability the daughter of Jacob, and first cousin to Joseph her husband. Thus: Matthan or Matthat Father of Jacob, Heli Jacob Father of Mary = Jacob'e heir was (Joseph) Heli Father of Joseph JESUS, called Christ. (Godet, Lange and many others take the ground that Luke gives the genealogy of Mary, rendering (Luke 3:23 ) thus: Jesus "being (as was suppposed ) the son of Joseph, (but in reality) the son of Heli. " In this case Mary, as declared in the Targums, was the daughter of Heli, and Heli was the grandfather of Jesus. Mary's name was omitted because "ancient sentiment did not comport with the mention of the mother as the genealogical link
Descent From the Cross in Art - Among the masters who have represented this subject are: Baroccio, Bartolommeo, Campana, Campi, Canova, Annibale, Caracci, Carducci, Charpentier, Cima da Conegliano, Delacroix, Fra Angelico, Ghirlandajo, Master of the Life of Mary, Perugino, Rembrandt, Rubens, Sarto, Van der Weyden, Van de Velde, Veronese, Volterra
Mount Saint Joseph's College - Founded, 1843 by Mary Frances Clarke
Icon - ) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary, Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function as an image of such a person in the Latin Church
Liberia - The country became part of the Vicariate Apostolic of the Two Guineas; and the Congregation of the Holy Ghost and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the Company of Mary, and the Priests of the African Missions have sent most of the missionaries
Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feasts o -
Friday in Passion Week, commemorating the sorrow of Mary during the Passion , and Death of Christ; instituted by the provincial synod of Cologne in 1413 to expiate the crimes of the iconoclast Hussites, being termed the Compassion or Transfixion; extended to the entire Church by Pope Benedict XIII in 1727.
September 15, in devotion to the seven dolors of Mary:
the prophecy of Simeon
flight into Egypt
loss of the Child Jesus at Jerusalem
meeting Jesus on the road to Calvary
standing at the foot of the Cross
the descent of Jesus from the Cross
His burial
It was first granted to the Servites in 1668, and extended to the whole Church by Pope Pius VII in 1814
Lorettine - The members of the order (called also Sisters of Loretto, or Friends of Mary at the Foot of the Cross) devote themselves to the cause of education and the care of destitute orphans, their labors being chiefly confined to the western United States. The members of the order (called also Sisters of Loretto, or Friends of Mary at the Foot of the Cross) devote themselves to the cause of education and the care of destitute orphans, their labors being chiefly confined to the Western United States
Santiago, Chile, City of - Confraternities of all kinds flourish in the parishes, including those of the Blessed Sacrament, Our Lady of Mount Carmel, the Apostleship of Prayer, the Sacred Heart, the Children of Mary, the Congregation of Mary and Saint Aloysius, the Most Holy Rosary, Christian Doctrine, Christian Mothers, and Peterspence
Mary Magdalen, Saint - She is mentioned as the sinner (Luke 7), who bathed the feet of Christ; as Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10 and John 11); and later as Mary Magdalen (Luke 8), who ministered to Christ, by whom she was freed from seven devils. The Greek tradition holds that Mary Magdalen retired to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin, and died there, her relics being transferred to Constantinople
Mary Magdalene - Nothing more is related of Mary until the crucifixion, when she is mentioned by name as being with the other women, gazing at the One she loved on the cross. Mary however could not leave the spot; and looking again into the tomb, she saw two angels there, to whom she lamented the loss of the body. The Lord revealed Himself to her, and comforted her broken heart by speaking her name 'Mary,' to which she replied, 'Rabboni,' or teacher. She is really called 'Mary of Magdala,' a town near the Sea of Galilee: her name and her character are not in any way connected with the modern term of 'Magdalen
Cousin - Elisabeth is called Mary’s ‘cousin’ in Luke 1:36 , and the relationship is often understood in the modern sense of that word. The relationship between Mary and Elisabeth is not known
Lazarus - brother to Martha and Mary
Nativity of Our Lord in Art - Della Robbia, Dettmann, Dürer, El Greco, Fra Angelico, Francia, Ghirlandajo, Lippi, Lochner, Luini, Master of the Glorification of Mary, Murillo, Pacchiarotto, Palma, Perugino, Pinturicchio, Rembrandt, Santa Croce, Sarto, and Uhde
Mattan - ...
...
The son of Eleazar, and father of Jacob, who was the father of Joseph, the husband of the Virgin Mary (Matthew 1:15 )
Regular Clerks of the Congregation of Saint Paul - Founded in Milan, Italy in 1530, by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria, Barthelemy Ferrari, and Jacopo Morigia, with the special object of reviving zeal among the clergy
Ave Mary - ...
(2):...
A salutation and prayer to the Virgin Mary, as mother of God; - used in the Roman Catholic church
Hannah - Her song of praise on this occasion, 1 Samuel 2:1-10, is a magnificent hymn to the holiness and justice of Jehovah, and has been compared with the song of Mary
Martha, Saint 29 Jul - She was the sister of Lazarus, and Mary of Bethany, and shared the honor of Christ's friendship when He stayed as their Guest in Bethany. Tradition holds that she migrated with Lazarus and Mary to Tarascon, in France, where she lived in great austerity and piety for seven years, and that her tomb is now situated there
Elisabeth - Luke’s acquaintance with Mary the mother of our Lord. It is interesting to know that she was a kinswoman (συγγενίς, Luke 1:36) of Mary, though it is unfortunately impossible to verify the exact relationship that existed between them. ...
Between the promise and the birth of this child she was visited by Mary (Luke 1:39), who remained with her for a period of three months (Luke 1:56), and to whom she was made a proof of the Almighty’s power (Luke 1:36-38). On Mary’s appearance she received a special inspiration of the Holy Spirit, which even enabled her to recognize in her kinswoman the mother of her ‘Lord’ (Luke 1:41 ff. ), and in Mary’s Child a fulfilment of the promise of Jehovah Himself (Luke 1:45). ) that the Magnificat ought to be attributed to Elisabeth and not to Mary, see artt
Alphaeus -
The father of James the Less, the apostle and writer of the epistle (Matthew 10:3 ; Mark 3:18 ; Luke 6:15 ; Acts 1:13 ), and the husband of Mary (John 19:25 )
Moshi, Tanzania, Diocese of - Established as the vicariate apostolic of Kilima-Njaro, East Africa on November 13, 1910 from the northern part of the Vicariate Apostolic of Bagamoyo; entrusted to the Fathers of the Hely Ghost and the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Bedingfield, Sir Henry - (1509-1583) Supporter of Mary Tudor and instrumental in placing her on the English throne
Alabaster - Such was the "alabaster box of ointments," with which Mary Magdalene anointed the Saviour
Gabriel - Six months afterwards, he was sent to Nazareth, to the Virgin Mary, Luke 1:26-38
Sisters - ) seems to the present writer to be warranted by the context, though doubtless the words have a primary reference to the Virgin Mary (see Lightfoot’s ‘The Brethren of the Lord’ in Dissert. Other writers give their names very variously as Mary and Salome, Anna and Salome, Esther and Thamar; while Theophylact curiously enough names three as the daughters of Joseph—Esther, Thamar, and Salome (see Donehoo’s Apocryphal and Legendary Life of Christ, p. ...
These Apocryphal additions can, however, have but little claim on our sympathy, and one Church Father at least betrays his sense of the inadequacy of the sources of his information by appealing fro Scripture as his authority for the names Mary and Salome (Epiphanius, Haeres. Martha, and Mary § 3. John, two sisters—Mary the mother of Jesus, and His mother’s sister. Though it has been argued that Mary the (wife) of Clopas (Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ) was the sister of the Virgin, it is now generally agreed that the interpretation of Pesh. (John 19:25), which inserts the conjunction ‘and’ between the words ‘His mother’s sister’ and ‘Mary of Clopas,’ is correct (cf. 42: ‘… Jesus et Maria mater ejus cum sorore sua Maria Cleophae,’ where the reason given why two sisters should have the same name is that the first having been devoted to the service of the Lord, the second too was called Mary for the consolation of her parents). ‘Mary’ in EBi James - By comparing (Matthew 27:56 ) and Mark 15:40 with John 19:25 We find that the Virgin Mary had a sister named, like herself, Mary, who was the wife of Clopas or Alpheus (varieties of the same name), and who had two sons, James the Less and Joses. By referring to ( Matthew 13:55 ) and Mark 6:3 We find that a James the Less and Joses, with two other brethren called Jude and Simon, and at least three sisters, were sisters with the Virgin Mary at Nazareth by referring to ( Luke 6:16 ) and Acts 1:13 We find that there were two brethren named James and Jude among the apostles. It would certainly be natural to think that we had here but one family of four brothers and three or more sisters, the children of Clopas and Mary, nephews and nieces of the Virgin Mary
Joachim, Saint - (Hebrew: the Lord will judge) ...
Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Kimberley, South Africa, Diocese of - Established June 4, 1886 vicariate apostolic of Kimberley, Cape Province, Union of South Africa, and entrusted to the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
John Rugg, Blessed - He had been a fellow of the two Saint Mary Winton colleges, and the first holder of the Wykehamical prebend "Bursalis," at Chichester, but was living in retirement at Glastonbury, where he was executed with his abbot, Blessed Hugh Faringdon, for refusing to take the oath of supremacy
Bill of Rights - The name usually given to the solemn declaration of the rights and liberties of English subjects, which also settled the Protestant succession to the British crown, drawn up, 1689, and accepted by William III and Mary before their accession
Songs - Of Moses (Exodus 15 ; Numbers 21:17 ; Deuteronomy 32 ; Revelation 15:3 ), Deborah (Judges 5 ), Hannah (1 Samuel 2 ), David (2 Samuel 22 , and Psalms), Mary (Luke 1:46-55 ), Zacharias (Luke 1:68-79 ), the angels (Luke 2:13 ), Simeon (Luke 2:29 ), the redeemed (Revelation 5:9 ; 19 ), Solomon (see SOLOMON , SONGS OF)
Annunciation - ) The announcement of the incarnation, made by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary
Elisabeth - Elisabeth was of a priestly family, ‘the kinswoman’ of Mary ( Luke 1:36 ), whom she greeted as the mother of the Messiah ( Luke 1:43 )
Gabriel - An angel specially charged with the message to Zacharias respecting the birth of John, and to Mary respecting the birth of Christ
Sisters of Saint Joseph of the Sacred Heart of Jes - A purely Australian congregation founded at Penola, South Australia in 1866 by Father Julian Tennison Woods and Blessed Mary Mackillop
Rugg, John, Blessed - He had been a fellow of the two Saint Mary Winton colleges, and the first holder of the Wykehamical prebend "Bursalis," at Chichester, but was living in retirement at Glastonbury, where he was executed with his abbot, Blessed Hugh Faringdon, for refusing to take the oath of supremacy
Rights, Bill of - The name usually given to the solemn declaration of the rights and liberties of English subjects, which also settled the Protestant succession to the British crown, drawn up, 1689, and accepted by William III and Mary before their accession
Knox, John - He was forced to leave for Geneva because of his hostility to Queen Mary of England but returned, 1559, upon the accession of Elizabeth. The Queen Regent of Scotland, Mary of Guise, died in 1560, and Knox and the Protestant party were triumphant. He violently opposed the policies and religion of Mary, Queen of Scots, who had entered Scotland, 1561
John Knox - He was forced to leave for Geneva because of his hostility to Queen Mary of England but returned, 1559, upon the accession of Elizabeth. The Queen Regent of Scotland, Mary of Guise, died in 1560, and Knox and the Protestant party were triumphant. He violently opposed the policies and religion of Mary, Queen of Scots, who had entered Scotland, 1561
Mary Stuart - Within a year Francis died and Mary returned to Scotland, August, 1561. Shortly after the birth of his son James VI, he himself was murdered at the instigation of Mary's adviser Bothwell, whom she soon married. A new rebellion broke out thereupon; Mary was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, but escaped, and after her followers had been defeated at Langside, 1568, fled to England, where she was imprisoned for life by Elizabeth. In 1586 Mary was accused of complicity in Babington's conspiracy and executed, the main motive for such punishment being hatred of her religion
Stuart, Mary - Within a year Francis died and Mary returned to Scotland, August, 1561. Shortly after the birth of his son James VI, he himself was murdered at the instigation of Mary's adviser Bothwell, whom she soon married. A new rebellion broke out thereupon; Mary was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, but escaped, and after her followers had been defeated at Langside, 1568, fled to England, where she was imprisoned for life by Elizabeth. In 1586 Mary was accused of complicity in Babington's conspiracy and executed, the main motive for such punishment being hatred of her religion
Less, James the, Saint - Apostle, martyr, died 62 AD, son of Alpheus and Mary of Cleophas, who was probably the sister of the Blessed Virgin Mary; he was therefore called "brother of Our Lord"; known as James the Less (Mark 15) to distinguish him from James the Greater
Francis Libermann - Founder of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, born Saverne, Alsace, 1804; died Paris, France, 1852. After several years of prayer and patience, the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary was authorized at Rome and the novitiate opened at La Neuville near Amiens September 27, 1841
Libermann, Francis Mary Paul - Founder of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, born Saverne, Alsace, 1804; died Paris, France, 1852. After several years of prayer and patience, the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary was authorized at Rome and the novitiate opened at La Neuville near Amiens September 27, 1841
Bedlam - (contraction of Bethlehem) Famous asylum, London, originally on the site of the present Liverpool Street railway station; founded, 1247, by Simon FitzMary, sheriff of London, for the Order of Saint Mary of Bethlehem, as a general hospital for the poor, with the special duty of entertaining the bishops and canons of Saint Mary of Bethlehem, as often as they might come to England
Alphaeus - Mark 15:40 says James' mother, Mary, was with Jesus' mother at the cross. John 19:25 says Mary the wife of Cleophas was at the cross. Others think the language problems between Greek and Hebrew make the equation impossible so that two different Marys are meant
Annunciation - The name is given the announcement to Mary by the angel Gabriel that she would give birth to a son who was to be named Jesus (Luke 1:26-38 ). While the announcement to Mary about the Incarnation has become associated with the annunciation, the announcements to Samson (Judges 13:2-5 ), Joseph (Matthew 1:20-25 ), and Zechariah (Luke 1:11-20 ) follow a similar pattern
Mary Magdalene - Mary Magdalene, i. Luke 8:3) identifies her with "the woman a sinner" (Luke 7:37), and explains "Mary of the braided locks" from gaadal "to braid" (?). " Gratitude moved Mary Magdalene, as Christ had cast out of her seven (the number for completeness, i. ...
Mary the mother of James, and Salome mother of Zebedee's children, were thus grouped with Mary Magdalene (Mark 15:40), also the Virgin Mary (John 19:25). Mary Magdalene remained "sitting over against the sepulchre," and "beholding" until Joseph of Arimathea laid the Lord's body in the tomb (Mark 15:47; Matthew 27:61; Luke 23:55). She, Salome, and Mary mother of James, "when it was yet dark," at early "dawn of the first day of the week," "came to see the sepulchre," "bringing the sweet spices which they had prepared" wherewith to "anoint Him," in a liquid state, since they regarded the use of the powdered spices of Nicodemus wrapped in the swathes as an incomplete and provisional interment (Matthew 28:1; Luke 24:1; Mark 16:1-2). )...
One word from Jesus, her own name, in His well remembered familiar tone, revealed to her the Lord, cf6 "Mary!" "Rabboni" (the strongest term of reverent love) she exclaimed, turning herself and casting herself at His feet and embracing them. Mary that anointed Jesus was the sister of Martha and Lazarus and distinct from Mary Magdalene. The mention of the anointing in John 11:2 is evidently John's anticipation of John 12:3, to inform his readers that the Mary in John 11 is the same as she whose anointing of the Lord they knew by common tradition
Brother - The arguments for the "brethren" of Jesus (James, Joses, Simon, and Judas) mentioned in Matthew 13:56 being literally His brothers, born of Joseph and Mary, are:...
(1) their names are always connected with Mary, "His brethren" is the phrase found nine times in the Gospels, once in Acts (Acts 1:14);...
(2) nothing is said to imply that the phrase is not to be taken literally. ...
(3) It is expressly stated that Mary, wife of Cleophas and sister of the Virgin Mary (John 19:25), had sons, of whom James and Joses are named (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40). How unlikely that two mothers of the same name, Mary the Virgin and her sister, should have sons also bearing the same names. The naming of Jesus' brethren with His virgin mother so often may be because Jesus and she took up their abode at the home of Mary, the Virgin's sister, after Joseph's death; for that he soon died appears from his name being never mentioned after Luke 2. The main truth asserted is the virginity of Mary up to Jesus' birth
Martha - MARTHA is first mentioned ( Luke 10:38-42 ) as living in ‘a certain village’ with her sister Mary , and as receiving our Lord as He passed on His way. ...
Martha is over-anxious, and distracted with household duties; while Mary, as a disciple, sits ‘at the feet’ (cf. Martha complained to our Lord of Mary’s inactivity, and showed some temper, perhaps jealousy, by speaking of the matter to Him rather than to her. ) He then praised Mary for having ‘chosen that good part’ which from its nature was everlasting, and so would ‘not be taken from her. Martha’s character here is loving, active, self-reliant, practical, hasty; Mary’s also loving, but thoughtful, humble, receptive, dependent, devoted. Mary, on the other hand, removed by her grief from the activities of life engaged in by her sister, was unaware of His coming. It is Mary who goes forth silently to meet Him, silently and tearfully, so that the bystanders suppose her to be going to weep at her brother’s tomb; who, when she sees Jesus, falls down at His feet; who, uttering the same words of faith in His power as Martha (Luke 10:21 ; Luke 10:32 ), does not qualify them with the same reservation; who infects all the bystanders with the intensity of her sorrow, and crushes the human spirit of our Lord Himself with sympathetic grief (Lightfoot, Biblical Essays , p. Mary, No. Martha, as presumably the elder sister, ‘served,’ while Mary poured the precious ointment on the Saviour’s head and feet
Beryllians - He taught that Christ did not exist before Mary; but that a spirit issuing from God himself, and therefore superior to all human souls, as being a portion of the divine nature, was united to him at the time of his birth
Mary Guise - The widow of Louis II d'Orleans, she married James V of Scotland, and on his death was made regent for her daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots
Magdala - A certain Mary, who had been healed of demon possession by Jesus, was from Magdala. See Marys of the Bible
Golden Legend - A collection of biographies of saints and legends, including the apocryphal literature, the Gospel of the Nativity of Mary, Pseudo-Matthew, and the Protoevangelium of James, written c
Ephesus, Third Council of - Presided over by Saint Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, it condemned Nestorius, the Bishop of Constantinople, who taught that Mary did not bring forth the Word of God, but the Man who became the temple of the Godhead, "the animated purple of the King
Guise, Mary - The widow of Louis II d'Orleans, she married James V of Scotland, and on his death was made regent for her daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots
Jerome, Saint - Saint Jerome's remains are interred in the church of Saint Mary Major at Rome. Relics in Sistine chapel of Saint Mary Major, Rome
James - There were two of this name, and both apostles; one the son of Salome, the other of Mary. The former was the brother of John, (Matthew 4:21) the latter is called by Paul the Lord's brother, (Galatians 1:19) not so in reality, as we now mean by the term brother, but as the custom then was, from tribes and families, Mary, James's mother, was sister to the blessed Virgin
Betrothal - ...
New Testament Mary and Joseph were betrothed but did not live together until their wedding. When Mary came to be with child during betrothal, Joseph decided to quietly divorce her. In a dream from God, the apparent unfaithfulness of Mary was explained to Joseph as a miracle of the Holy Spirit
Joseph And Mary - SAINT MATTHEW and Saint Luke, the first and the third Evangelists, tell us all that we are told of Mary. What a call it was, and what a prospect it opened up! No sooner was Mary left alone of the angel than she began to realise something of what had been appointed her, and what she must now prepare herself to pass through. On a thousand sacred canvases throughout Christendom we are shown the angel of the annunciation presenting Mary with a branch of lily as an emblem of her beauty and as a seal of her purity. Surely if ever a suffering soul had to seek all its righteousness and all its strength in God alone, it was the soul of the Virgin Mary in those terrible days that followed the annunciation. Mary must have passed through many dark and dreadful days when all she had given her to lean upon would seem like a broken reed. And, so fearfully and wonderfully are we made, and so fearful and wonderful was the way in which the Word was made flesh, that who can tell how all this may have borne on Him who was bone of her bone, and flesh of her flesh; to whom Mary was in all things a mother, as He was in all things to her a son. Conclude the marriage he could not, but neither could he consent to make Mary a public example, and there was only left to him the sad step of revoking the contract and putting her away privately. For Mary had been the woman of all women to him. ...
What a journey that must have been of Mary from Nazareth to Hebron, and occupied with what thoughts. Mary's way would lead her through Jerusalem. Only two, out of God, knew the truth about Mary; an angel in heaven, and her own heart on earth. As she stumbled on drunk with sorrow Mary must have recalled and repeated many blessed scriptures, well known to her indeed, but till then little understood. " Such a pavilion Mary sought and for a season found in the remote and retired household of Zacharias and Elizabeth. ...
It is to the meeting of Mary and Elizabeth that we owe the Magnificat, the last Old Testament psalm, and the first New Testament hymn, "My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. " We cannot enter into all Mary's thoughts as she sang that spiritual song, any more than she could in her day enter into all our thoughts as we sing it. ...
She is a happy maiden who has a mother or a motherly friend much experienced in the ways of the human heart to whom she can tell all her anxieties; a wise, tender, much-experienced counsellor, such as Naomi was to Ruth, and Elizabeth to Mary. Was the Virgin an orphan, or was Mary's mother such a woman that Mary could have opened her heart to any stranger rather than to her? Be that as it may, Mary found a true mother in Elizabeth of Hebron. And, if at any time their faith wavered and the thing seemed impossible, was not Zacharias beside them with his sealed lips and his writing table, a living witness to the goodness and severity of God? How Mary and Elizabeth would stagger and reason and rebuke and comfort one another, now laughing like Sarah, now singing like Hannah, let loving and confiding and pious women tell. ...
Sweet as it is to linger in Hebron beside Mary and Elizabeth, our hearts are always drawn back to Joseph in his unspeakable agony. And Mary's dear image became to Joseph dearer still when he could no longer see her face or hear her voice. Mary's sweet presence had often made the holy place still more holy to him, and her voice in the Psalms had been to him as when an angel sings. There was silence, and he heard a voice saying to him, "Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. But all this, and all that they had passed through since the angel came to Zacharias at the altar, only made the re-betrothal of Joseph and Mary the sweeter and the holier, with the aged priest acting more than the part of a father, and Elizabeth acting more than the part of a mother. ...
For my own part, I do not know the gift or the grace or the virtue any woman ever had that I could safely deny to Mary. We must give Mary her promised due. There is no fear of our thinking too much either of Mary's maidenly virtues, or of her motherly duties and experiences. The Holy Ghost in guiding the researches of Luke, and in superintending the composition of the Third Gospel, especially signalises the depth and the piety and the peace of Mary's mind. And later on, when all who heard it were wondering at the testimony of the shepherds, it is instructively added that Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart. And yet again, when another twelve years have passed by, we find the same Evangelist still pointing out the same distinguishing feature of Mary's saintly character, "They understood not the saying which Jesus spake unto them; but His mother kept all these sayings in her heart. "...
And, again, if we are to apply this sure principle to Mary's case, "according to your faith so be it unto you," then Mary must surely wear the crown as the mother of all them who believe on her Son. If Abraham's faith has made him the father of all them who believe, surely Mary's faith entitles her to be called their mother. If the converse of our Lord's words holds true, that no mighty work is done where there is unbelief: if we may safely reason that where there has been a mighty work done there must have been a corresponding and a co-operating faith; then I do not think we can easily overestimate the measure of Mary's faith. If this was the greatest work ever wrought by the power and the grace of Almighty God among the children of men, and if Mary's faith entered into it at all, then how great her faith must have been! Elizabeth saw with wonder and with worship how great it was. She saw the unparalleled grace that had come to Mary, and she had humility and magnanimity enough to acknowledge it
Mary Magdalene - THERE is a still unsettled dispute among New Testament scholars as to how many Marys there are in the Gospels, and then as to their identification. But our dispute will not be as to this Mary or that, but only as to ourselves. No, nor even as to who and what were the seven devils that at one time had made such a hell in Mary Magdalene's heart. 'We do not know just what Mary Magdalene's seven scars were. ' Now, though Mary Magdalene is my text, it is of little real interest or importance to me who and what her seven devils were, unless in so far as that would cast some light in upon my own possession; yours and mine. But, on the other hand, if I have come by any means to know something of the terrible plague of my own heart, then, in that measure, I am a real authority as to the Marys of the four Gospels: and especially as to Mary Magdalene. That throws a flood of light on all the Marys who followed our Lord about, and that makes Mary Magdalene a minister's own and peculiar field, and his specialised department of pulpit work. As I was saying, I have not the least notion as to who or what Mary Magdalene's seven devils were, and much less do I know how they could possibly be all cast out of her heart in this life. I do not know much, as you will see, about Mary Magdalene, but I would not give up the little knowledge I have of myself, no, not for the whole world. ...
Since ever there were women's hearts in this world, were there ever two women's hearts with such emotions in them as when Mary the mother of Jesus, and Mary Magdalene, stood together beside His Cross? Did you ever try to put yourself into His mother's heart that day, or into Mary Magdalene's heart? They stood and wept as never another two women have wept since women wept in this world, till John at Jesus' command took His mother away from Calvary and led her into the city. But Mary Magdalene still stood by the Cross. He dismissed His mother, but He kept Mary; she would not be dismissed, and she stood near to His crucified feet. And thus it was that there was no eye-witness left to tell us how Mary Magdalene stood close up to the Cross weeping, and how she did wash His feet with her tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head. But Mary Magdalene was not a woman; she was an angel. How the next three days and three nights passed with Mary Magdalene I cannot account for her to you. But on the first day of the new week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre. And Jesus saith unto her, Mary! She turned herself, and saith unto Him, Rabboni! Jesus saith to her, 'Touch me not with thy tears, nor with the hairs of thy head, nor with thy ointment. "...
But the supreme lesson to me out of all Mary Magdalene's marvellous history is just the text: "He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven devils. It was to Mary Magdalene. While this world lasts, and as long as there are great sinners and great penitents to comfort in it, let Mary Magdalene be often preached upon, and let this lesson be always taught out of her, this lesson,-that no depth of sin, and no possession of devils even, shall separate us from the love of Christ. Onlyrepentdeep enough and to tears enough; only love as Mary Magdalene loved Him who had cast her seven devils out of her heart; and He will appear to you also, and will call you by your name. And He will employ you in His service even more and even better than He honoured and employed Mary Magdalene on the morning of His Resurrection. ...
Mary Magdalene! my sister, my forerunner into heaven till I come, and my representative there! But, remember, only till I come
Elisabeth - She was of a priestly family, and also the cousin of the virgin Mary
Our Lady of Perpetual Help - A picture of this title, representing Mary holding the Divine Child, is honored in the church of Saint Alphonsus, Rome
Feast of the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Commemorates Mary's divine motherhood, her dignity as Mother of God, and refers also to her spiritual motherhood of men. Under this title Poland celebrates the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary "Queen of Poland
Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feast of the - Commemorates Mary's divine motherhood, her dignity as Mother of God, and refers also to her spiritual motherhood of men. Under this title Poland celebrates the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary "Queen of Poland
Master, the - Mary uses the words "the Master" in speaking of Our Lord, John 11:28
Caswall, Edward - His works include manuals of devotion, Lyra Catholica, and The Masque of Mary and other Poems
Hyperdulia - (Greek: hyper, over; doulcia, service) ...
The technical name for homage paid to the Blessed Virgin Mary as the Mother of God
Honolulu, Hawaii, Diocese of - Name changed to the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands in 1848; entrusted to the Fathers of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary
Anthony, Sister - (Mary O'Connell; 1815-97) Nurse, born Limerick, Ireland; died Cumminsville, Ohio
Jacobite - ) A partisan or adherent of James the Second, after his abdication, or of his descendants, an opposer of the revolution in 1688 in favor of William and Mary
Sister Anthony - (Mary O'Connell; 1815-97) Nurse, born Limerick, Ireland; died Cumminsville, Ohio
Joses - A son of Cleophas and Mary, identified by some with the above, Matthew 27:56
Edward Caswall - His works include manuals of devotion, Lyra Catholica, and The Masque of Mary and other Poems
Skull - Emblem in art, symbolic of meditation and of detachment from the world, usually associated with hermits and solitaries, especially ...
Saint Bruno
Saint Francis Borgia
Saint Francis of Assisi
Saint Francis of Paola
Saint Gebhard of Constance
Blessed Godfrey of Cappenberg
Saint Jerome
Saint Mary of Egypt
Saint Macarius the Younger
Saint Odilo of Cluny
Blessed Peter of Città di Castello
Han'Nah - ) A hymn of thanks giving for the birth of her son is in the highest order of prophetic poetry, its resemblance to that of the Virgin Mary comp
ma'ry the Virgin, - There is no person perhaps in sacred or profane history around whom so many legends have been grouped a the Virgin Mary; and there are few whose authentic history is more concise. Mary was present, and witnessed the first miracle performed by Christ, when he turned the water into wine. ...
Capernaum, (John 2:12 ) and Nazareth, (Matthew 4:13 ; 13:54 ; Mark 6:1 ) appear to have been the residence of Mary for a considerable period. ...
The next scene in Mary's life brings us to the foot of the cross. So far as Mary is portrayed to us in Scripture, she is, as we should have expected the most tender, the most faithful humble, patient and loving of women, but a woman still. ...
In the days succeeding the ascension of Christ Mary met with the disciples in the upper room, (Acts 1:14 ) waiting for the coming of the Holy Spirit with power
Little Company of Mary - A religious order of sisters founded by Mother Mary Potter in Nottingham, England, 1877, for the gratuitous nursing of the sick poor
Mystical Rose - Mary's love for God was always perfect, while she was, and is, always the Immaculate. Mary is the mystical rose without thorn, the "Rose of Paradise," the "Rose bringing salvation to all
Lazarus -
The brother of Mary and Martha of Bethany
Handmaid, Handmaiden - These words often refer in scripture to a female slave, as applied to Hagar the Egyptian, Genesis 25:12 ; but were also used by women themselves as a term of humility, as when Hannah spake to Jehovah and to Eli, 1 Samuel 1:11,16,18 ; as Abigail to David, 1 Samuel 25:24-41 ; and by Mary and Elizabeth as handmaids of the Lord
Mary, Little Company of - A religious order of sisters founded by Mother Mary Potter in Nottingham, England, 1877, for the gratuitous nursing of the sick poor
Annunciation, the - The supposed time of the visit of the angel Gabriel to Mary when he announced God's purpose of grace towards her
Sisters of Christian Charity - Also known as Daughters of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception
Rose, Mystical - Mary's love for God was always perfect, while she was, and is, always the Immaculate. Mary is the mystical rose without thorn, the "Rose of Paradise," the "Rose bringing salvation to all
Devotion, Days of - In Great Britain they are: ...
Easter Monday
Easter Tuesday
Whit Monday
Whit Tuesday
Purification of Blessed Virgin Mary (February 2,)
Saint Matthias (February 24,)
Saint Gregory the Great (March 12,)
Saint Joseph (March 19,)
Annunciation (March 25,)
Saint George (April 26,)
Saints Philip and James (May 1,)
Finding of the Cross (May 3,)
Saint Augustine (May 27,)
Nativity of Saint John the Baptist (June 24,)
Saint James, Apostle (July 25,)
Saint Anne (July 26,)
Saint Lawrence (August 10,)
Saint Bartholomew (August 24,)
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (September 8,)
Saint Matthew (September 21,)
Saint Michael, Archangel (September 29,)
Saints Simon and Jude (October 28,)
Saint Andrew, Apostle (November 30,)
Immaculate Conception (December 8,)
Saint Thomas, Apostle (December 21,)
Saint Stephen (December 26,)
Saint John the Apostle (December 27,)
Holy Innocents (December 28,)
Saint Thomas of Canterbury (December 29,)
Saint Silvester (December 31,)
They are the same in Ireland, excepting that the Immaculate Conception is a holyday of obligation
Days of Devotion - In Great Britain they are: ...
Easter Monday
Easter Tuesday
Whit Monday
Whit Tuesday
Purification of Blessed Virgin Mary (February 2,)
Saint Matthias (February 24,)
Saint Gregory the Great (March 12,)
Saint Joseph (March 19,)
Annunciation (March 25,)
Saint George (April 26,)
Saints Philip and James (May 1,)
Finding of the Cross (May 3,)
Saint Augustine (May 27,)
Nativity of Saint John the Baptist (June 24,)
Saint James, Apostle (July 25,)
Saint Anne (July 26,)
Saint Lawrence (August 10,)
Saint Bartholomew (August 24,)
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (September 8,)
Saint Matthew (September 21,)
Saint Michael, Archangel (September 29,)
Saints Simon and Jude (October 28,)
Saint Andrew, Apostle (November 30,)
Immaculate Conception (December 8,)
Saint Thomas, Apostle (December 21,)
Saint Stephen (December 26,)
Saint John the Apostle (December 27,)
Holy Innocents (December 28,)
Saint Thomas of Canterbury (December 29,)
Saint Silvester (December 31,)
They are the same in Ireland, excepting that the Immaculate Conception is a holyday of obligation
Non-Jurors - The name given to the bishops and clergymen of the Anglican church, who in 1689 refused to take the oath of allegiance to William and Mary and their successors under the Protestant Succession Act of that year. They considered William and Mary in the light of regents, rather than sovereigns, since they felt that their oaths of office had bound them to the Stuart family
Bethany - Here lived Lazarus and Martha and Mary ( John 11:1 ), and here He raised Lazarus from the dead ( John 11:1-57 ). The tomb of Lazarus and the house of Martha and Mary are definitely pointed out in the village, but of course without any historical authority
Martha - Having the Lord for a visitor she was burdened with much service, and begged Him to instruct her sister Mary to help her. A contrast is here drawn between the two sisters: the one occupied with what she could do for the Lord; the other with what He was: self being plainly uppermost in Martha, while the Lord Himself was paramount with Mary
Red Scapular of the Passion - On one half is a picture of Our Crucified Lord with the implements of His Passion and the words "Holy Passion of Jesus Christ, Save Us"; on the other are represented the Hearts of Jesus and Mary, and above these a cross with the inscription: "Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, protect us
Scapular of the Passion (Red) - On one half is a picture of Our Crucified Lord with the implements of His Passion and the words "Holy Passion of Jesus Christ, Save Us"; on the other are represented the Hearts of Jesus and Mary, and above these a cross with the inscription: "Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, protect us
Martha - Bethany was the home of Martha (probably the oldest), Mary, and Lazarus. ...
She was secretly vexed with herself as much as with Mary, that the latter enjoyed the privilege of hearing Jesus' word seated at His feet, while she could not persuade herself to do the same for fear that a varied enough repast should not be served up to Him. ...
But one thing is needful (one dish in the primary sense, secondarily the one 'good portion'; Matthew 6:22; Philippians 3:13; John 6:53; John 6:27), and Mary hath chosen that good portion," etc. ) "Martha served" at the supper where the raised Lazarus was and where Mary anointed Jesus' feet
Christian Science - Mary Baker Glover Eddy, of Concord, N
Mantellate - (Latin: mantellum, cloak) ...
Name applied to the Third Order of the Servants of Mary, or Servites, because of the short-sleeved habit adopted to facilitate work
Foreign Mission Sisters of Saint Dominic (Maryknol - A congregation founded by Mother Mary Joseph, O. Walsh, at Maryknoll (Ossining, New York), 1921. The motherhouse is at Maryknoll
Falling Asleep of Mary - Saint John Damascene entitles his homily on the Assumption "In Dormitionem Marire" (On the Falling Asleep of Mary)
John Shepherd - From 1553 to 1558 he belonged to Mary Tudor's Chapel Royal
Christ Child Society - Organization founded by Mary Virginia Merrick, in Washington, DC, 1891, to care for destitute children
James Northcote - In addition to his valuable "Roma sotterranea," he wrote, "Mary in the Gospels" and "Celebrated Sanctuaries of the Madonna
Caputiati - They wore upon their caps a leaden image of the Virgin Mary, and declared publicly that their purpose was to level all distinctions, to abrogate magistracy, and to remove all subordination among mankind, and to restore that primitive liberty, that natural equality, which were the inestimable privilege of the first mortals
Northcote, James Spencer - In addition to his valuable "Roma sotterranea," he wrote, "Mary in the Gospels" and "Celebrated Sanctuaries of the Madonna
Lutgard, Saint - Throughout her life, she was favored with apparitions of Christ, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the saints
James the Less - He is only mentioned to point out his mother, whose name was Mary
Shepherd, John - From 1553 to 1558 he belonged to Mary Tudor's Chapel Royal
Society, Christ Child - Organization founded by Mary Virginia Merrick, in Washington, DC, 1891, to care for destitute children
Bethany - Here it was that Martha and Mary lived, with their brother Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from the dead; and it was here that Mary poured the perfume on our Saviour's head. About a bow-shot from hence you pass by the place which they say was Mary Magdalene's house; and thence descending a steep hill, you come to the fountain of the Apostles, which is so called because, as the tradition goes, these holy persons were wont to refresh themselves there between Jerusalem and Jericho,—as it is very probable they might, because the fountain is close to the roadside, and is inviting to the thirsty traveller
Mary, the Virgin - ) Probably Matthan of Matthew is Matthat of Luke, and Jacob and Heli were brothers; and Heli's son Joseph, and Jacob's daughter Mary, were first cousins. Joseph, as male heir of his uncle Jacob who had one only child Mary, would marry her according to the law (Numbers 36:8). Thus the genealogy of the inheritance or succession to David's throne (Matthew's) and that of natural descent (Luke's) would be primarily Joseph's, then Mary's also (Psalms 132:11; Luke 1:32; Romans 1:3). She was sister or half-sister to Mary (John 19:25), and related to Elisabeth who was of the tribe of Levi (Luke 1:36). (See Mary OF CLEOPHAS; ELISABETH. ) Mary was living at Nazareth, by this time betrothed to Joseph, when the angel Gabriel came from God to her in the sixth month of Elisabeth's pregnancy. "Hail thou that art highly favored" (kecharitomenee ) cannot mean as Rome teaches in her prayer to the Virgin, "Hail Mary full of grace"; that would be pleerees charitos as in John 1:14; the passive of the verb implies, as usually in verbs in -oo, she was made the object of God's grace, not a fountain from whence grace flows to others; as John 1:30 explains it, "thou hast found favor (charin ) with God"; so Ephesians 1:6, echaritoosen , "He hath graciously accepted us. "Her relationship as mother would not at all have profited Mary if she had not borne Christ more happily in the heart than in the flesh" (Augustine, Tom. 30), upon a woman of the company exclaiming, "blessed is the womb that bore Thee, and the paps which Thou hast sucked," He said, "yea, rather (menounge ) blessed are they that hear the word of God and keep it"; the blessedness even of Mary is not her motherhood towards Him, but her hearing and obeying Him. Mary then went in joyous haste to the hill country of Judah, to a city where Zacharias and Elisabeth lived, whether Jutta, (Joshua 21:13-16) a priests' city, or Hebron, S. On Mary's saluting Elisabeth the latter hailed her as "mother of her Lord," inasmuch as at her salutation "the babe leaped in her womb for joy," adding, in contrast to Zacharias whose unbelief had brought its own punishment," blessed is she that believed, for there shall be a performance of those things told her from the Lord. "...
Mary then under the Spirit uttered the hymn known as the "Magnificat," based on Hannah's hymn (1 Samuel 2:2). " Mary stayed with her cousin three months, and just before John the Baptist's birth returned to her own house at Nazareth. ) Augustus' decree (Luke 2) obliged them to go to Bethlehem, God thereby causing His prophecy (Micah 5:2) to be fulfilled, Mary there giving birth to the Savior. The shepherds' account of the angels caused wonder to others, "but Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart"; so again Luke 2:51, not superficial, but reflective and thoughtfully devout. She and Joseph (who is never after mentioned) "understood not Jesus' sayings, but Mary kept them all in her heart. " Four times only does Mary come to view subsequently. As at the finding in the temple He disclaimed Joseph's authority as His father in the highest sense, cf6 "wist ye not (thou Mary and Joseph) that I must be about My (divine) Father's business", so here He disclaims her right as human mother to dictate His divine acts, "they have no wine. Mary, when reproved, meekly" saith to the servants, Whatsoever He saith unto you, do it" (2 Chronicles 25:9). " Mary dud His brethren, anxious for His safety, and fearing He would destroy Himself with self denying zeal, stood outside of the crowds surrounding Him and "sought to speak with Him, and to lay hold on Him, for they said He is beside Himself" (Mark 3:21; Mark 3:31-35). ...
(4) She is last mentioned Acts 1:14, "Mary the mother of Jesus" (not "of God") was one of the women who continued with one accord in prayer and supplication for the Holy Spirit before Pentecost. In the ten recorded appearances of the risen Savior in the 40 days, not one was especially to Mary
Chevalerie, Henriette Aymer de la - Co-founder of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary (Picpus)
Lazarus - ...
The brother of Martha and Mary of Bethany, and a beloved friend of Jesus (John 11)
Alphaeus - Father of James the Less, Matthew 10:3 Luke 6:15 , and husband of the Mary usually regarded as sister to the mother of Christ, John 19:25
Dowdall, George - Under Queen Mary he led the Catholic party, endeavored to repair the injuries to religion, suffered during the preceding reigns, and having renounced the schism, was appointed by the pope to his original see
Christmas Crib - Relics of the crib are preserved at Saint Mary Major's, Rome
Conception, Immaculate - Of the Holy Virgin, is a popish festival established in honour of the Virgin Mary, on the supposition of her having been conceived, and born immaculate, 1:e
Henriette Aymer de la Chevalerie - Co-founder of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary (Picpus)
Bar Convent - Founded outside the Micklegate Bar (barrier, city limit) by the Congregation of the English Ladies (now the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary) in 1680
Albini, Charles Dominique - Having entered the Society of Oblates of Mary Immaculate at Aix, 1824, he was professed, by Apostolic: indult, after a few months novitiate
Sisters of Charity of Our Lady Mother of Mercy - A congregation founded in the Netherlands in 1832 by Father John Zwijsen assisted by Mary M
George Dowdall - Under Queen Mary he led the Catholic party, endeavored to repair the injuries to religion, suffered during the preceding reigns, and having renounced the schism, was appointed by the pope to his original see
Saint Mary's Convent - Founded outside the Micklegate Bar (barrier, city limit) by the Congregation of the English Ladies (now the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary) in 1680
ma'ry - ( John 19:25 ) In the evening of the same day we find her sitting desolate at the tomb with Mary Magdalene, (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ) and at the dawn of Easter morning she was again there with sweet spices, which she had prepared on the Friday night, (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56 ) and was one of those who had "a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. By many she is thought to have been the sister of the Virgin Mary
ma'ry - ( John 19:25 ) In the evening of the same day we find her sitting desolate at the tomb with Mary Magdalene, (Matthew 27:61 ; Mark 15:47 ) and at the dawn of Easter morning she was again there with sweet spices, which she had prepared on the Friday night, (Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56 ) and was one of those who had "a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. By many she is thought to have been the sister of the Virgin Mary
Bethany - (behth' uh nee) Known primarily in the Gospels as the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, ancient Bethany occupied an important place in the life of Jesus. ...
Role of the City in the Bible The primary event in the New Testament taking place in Bethany involved the raising of Lazarus from the dead (John 11-12 ). ...
Following a message sent to Him in Perea by Lazarus' sisters, Mary and Martha, Jesus returned to Bethany four days after the burial of Lazarus. After spending time with Martha and Mary individually, Jesus' love for Lazarus and His family became evident in His tears. Late on the Tuesday night of Jesus' last week, a woman (recognized as Mary in John 12:3 ) gave Jesus His “burial anointment
Magdala - 5 miles north of Tiberias, birthplace or home of Mary Magdalen (Luke 8); probably the Magdalel of the tribe of Nephtali (Joshua 19)
Oblate Sisters of Providence - A congregation of nuns founded at Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1829 by Father James Nicholas Joubert, a Sulpician, and Mother Mary Lange, OSP
Little Brothers of Mary - A non-ecclesiastic Catholic institution for the education of youth, founded, 1817, at Lavalla, France, by the Venerable Benedict Marcellin Champagnat, a seminarian associated with the Marist Fathers (Society of Mary)
Marist School Brothers - A non-ecclesiastic Catholic institution for the education of youth, founded, 1817, at Lavalla, France, by the Venerable Benedict Marcellin Champagnat, a seminarian associated with the Marist Fathers (Society of Mary)
Fullness of Grace - As applied to Mary, the Mother of God, it is a fullness intermediate between that peculiar to Christ, and that of all the angels and saints. Granting Christ's obvious and necessary superiority, we may assume with Suarez that Mary's sanctifying grace transcends by far the combined sanctity of all other creatures
Magnificat, the - It was recited by the Blessed Virgin on her visit to Elizabeth after the Angel Gabriel had announced that Mary was to become the mother of Christ (Luke 1)
Canticle of the Blessed Virgin Mary - It was recited by the Blessed Virgin on her visit to Elizabeth after the Angel Gabriel had announced that Mary was to become the mother of Christ (Luke 1)
Magdala - The Magdala from which Mary Magdalene was named is perhaps identical with Migdal-el, Joshua 19:38, and may be the modern el-Mejdel
Salome - Some believe that she is mentioned in John 19:25 as Mary's sister, thus she would have been Jesus' aunt with James and John His cousins. See Mary
Goldwell, Thomas - Nine years later he joined the Theatines, and under Queen Mary returned as Bishop of Saint Asaph; Mary's death frustrated his transfer to Oxford, and he went into exile again
Simeon, Saint - Son of Cleophas and Mary, and, therefore a first cousin to Christ
Thomas Goldwell - Nine years later he joined the Theatines, and under Queen Mary returned as Bishop of Saint Asaph; Mary's death frustrated his transfer to Oxford, and he went into exile again
Virgin, Virgin Birth - One who has not engaged in sexual intercourse and thus particular reference to the belief that Jesus was conceived in the womb of Mary by the miraculous action of God without a human father. The word is used of Mary, the mother of Jesus (Matthew 1:23 ; Luke 1:27 ). Mary was a young woman betrothed (engaged) to Joseph. He was betrothed to Mary. Luke gave the events from the viewpoint of Mary. The writers stated that Mary was a virgin when Jesus was conceived and when He was born. There is no thought of sexual relations between God and Mary, an idea which can be found in some pagan religions where the deities were thought of as engaging in such practices. ...
Some believe the New Testament teaches that Mary remained a virgin, but it appears that she and Joseph had several children after the birth of Jesus: James, Joses, Judas, Simon, and sisters (Mark 6:3 ). Adherents of Mary's perpetual virginity believe Mark was referring to children of Joseph by a first marriage. See Ahaz ; Christ; Divorce ; Incarnation ; Isaiah ; Jesus; Joseph ; Maid; Marys of the Bible; Messiah
Quarr Abbey, Ryde, Isle of Wight - Also known as Saint Mary's Abbey. After residing for a year in a house nearby, the monks erected the present buildings upon the site of the ancient abbey of Appuldurcombe, founded in1270 by Benedictines of the Abbey of Saint Mary de Montisbourg, Normandy, given to the Poor Clares in 1442, and suppressed during the Reformation
Mariscotti, Hyacintha, Saint - After a frivolous youth and disappointment in love, she entered Saint Bernardine's convent, Viterbo, where for ten years she lived in unbefitting luxury; then, touched by grace, she repented and gave herself up to a life of charity and intense mortification, nursing the plague-stricken and establishing the Sacconi, or Oblates of Mary, for the relief of the poor and aged
Hyacintha Mariscotti, Saint - After a frivolous youth and disappointment in love, she entered Saint Bernardine's convent, Viterbo, where for ten years she lived in unbefitting luxury; then, touched by grace, she repented and gave herself up to a life of charity and intense mortification, nursing the plague-stricken and establishing the Sacconi, or Oblates of Mary, for the relief of the poor and aged
Ark of the Covenant Person - A title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary to signify her Divine motherhood, that as the ark of old, made of incorruptible wood and adorned with pure gold, contained the precious treasures of the Divine law and the manna from heaven, so she, the true ark, bore within her not merely the law but the Lawgiver, not merely the Divine presence as manifested over the ark of the covenant, but the Divine One Himself, and the Living Bread from heaven
Abbey, Quarr - Also known as Saint Mary's Abbey. After residing for a year in a house nearby, the monks erected the present buildings upon the site of the ancient abbey of Appuldurcombe, founded in1270 by Benedictines of the Abbey of Saint Mary de Montisbourg, Normandy, given to the Poor Clares in 1442, and suppressed during the Reformation
Queen - A woman who is the sovereign of a kingdom a queen-regent as Elizabeth, queen of England Mary, queen of Scotland
Seven Dolors, Scapular of the - The badge of a confraternity established by the Servites of Mary. The summary of indulgences was last approved by the Congregation of Indulgences on March 7, 1888
Scapular of the Seven Dolors - The badge of a confraternity established by the Servites of Mary. The summary of indulgences was last approved by the Congregation of Indulgences on March 7, 1888
Simon - John 12:2 ), possibly husband or father of Martha, doubtless cured of his leprosy at some time before the anointing by Mary (cf. Mary, 2 ). Mary, 2 )
Brother - ) were probably the younger children of Joseph and Mary. Some have supposed that they may have been the children of Joseph by a former marriage, and others that they were the children of Mary, the Virgin's sister, and wife of Cleophas
Immaculate Conception, Scapular of the - A blue scapular, bearing on one part a picture of the Immaculate Conception, and on the other the name of Mary. Pope Clement XI granted certain indulgences for the wearing of the scapular, succeeding popes increased the number, and the summary was approved by the Congregation of Indulgences first in 1845 and finally on August 26, 1882. The scapular usually bears on one portion a symbolization of the Immaculate Conception and on the other the name of Mary
Laz'Arus -
Lazarus of Bethany, the brother of Martha and Mary. Lazarus is "of Bethany, of the village of Mary and her sister Martha
Scapular of the Immaculate Conception - A blue scapular, bearing on one part a picture of the Immaculate Conception, and on the other the name of Mary. Pope Clement XI granted certain indulgences for the wearing of the scapular, succeeding popes increased the number, and the summary was approved by the Congregation of Indulgences first in 1845 and finally on August 26, 1882. The scapular usually bears on one portion a symbolization of the Immaculate Conception and on the other the name of Mary
Irish Sisters of Charity - A congregation founded in Dublin, 1815, by Mother Mary Augustine Aikenhead, for the care of the poor and the sick in their own homes and the direction of charitable institutions. The congregation has about 60 houses, including hospitals, asylums, rescue homes, homes for the unemployed, orphanages, primary and industrial schools and other institutions in Ireland, Australia, and England
Durban, South Africa, Archdiocese of - Founded on November 15, 1850 as the vicariate apostolic of Natal, Natal Province, Union of South Africa, and entrusted to the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Catechism of Saint Peter Canisius - The division of the subject-matter is as follows: Faith (Apostles' Creed); Hope and Prayer (Lord's Prayer, Hail Mary); Charity and the Commandments of God and the Church; the Sacraments; Christian Justice, i
Assumption - ) A festival in honor of the ascent of the Virgin Mary into heaven
Aspirations - , "My Jesus mercy"; "O Sweetest Heart of Jesus I implore, that I may ever love Thee more and more"; "O Mary conceived without sin pray for us who have recourse to thee
Zebedee - His wife, Mary, also followed Jesus and ministered to Him (Mark 15:40-41 )
Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul (Newar - A community founded in 1859 at Newark, New Jersey at the request of Bishop Bayley by Mother Mary Xavier Mehegan who had previously been a member of the Sisters of Charity in New York, and whose habit and constitutions were retained
Saint Peter Canisius, Catechism of - The division of the subject-matter is as follows: Faith (Apostles' Creed); Hope and Prayer (Lord's Prayer, Hail Mary); Charity and the Commandments of God and the Church; the Sacraments; Christian Justice, i
Sisters of Saint Joseph -(Concordia) - Mother-house established at Concordia in 1884 by Mother Mary Stanislaus Leary, assisted by members of the Erie community
Hearts - ...
A heart surrounded by a wreath of roses and transfixed by a sword is the Heart of Mary
Beaton, David - As regent for James's daughter, Mary, he opposed the schemes of Henry VIII to detach Scotland from its allegiance to the Holy See and bring it into subjection to himself
Dundrennan - Mary Queen of Scots spent her last night in Scotland here
Dominus Vobis Cum - (Latin: The Lord be with you) ...
A blessing found in Ruth 2:4, and occurring trequently in Scripture with slight variation, notably in the salutation of the Angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:28)
Rhoda - ” Rhoda's relationship to the household of Mary, the mother of John Mark, is not clear
Indians, Hare - In 1859, his tribe was first evangelized by Father Grollier, a French Oblate of Mary Immaculate
Dunmow, England - Market town in Essex, incorporated from the 16th century to 1886, containing the church of Saint Mary
Archelaus - It was for fear of him that Joseph and Mary turned aside on their way back from Egypt
Rahab - They were in a sense forerunners of the Virgin Mary’ (W
Dominican - Mary, and in France, Jacobins
Martha - The sister of Lazarus and Mary
Gabriel - Six months after this he appeared to a virgin, whose name was Mary, of the city of Nazareth, as related Luke 1:26 , &c
Bethany - A village on the eastern slope of Mount Olivet, about one and a half to two miles ("15 furlongs") east of Jerusalem, John 11:18, toward Jericho; the home of Mary and Martha, whither Jesus often went
Sisters of Divine Providence (Saint Mary-of-the-wo - The primary object of the congregation is the instruction of youth and they were the first American sisterhood to take up work in the foreign missions. The mother-house is at Saint Mary-of-the-Woods
Magdala - Mary Magdalene was born, or resided, at Magdala; and it was the seat of a Jewish school after Jerusalem was destroyed
Rahab - They were in a sense forerunners of the Virgin Mary’ (W
Joseph (2) - Joseph, the husband of Mary and the reputed father of Jesus (Luke 3:23), is not mentioned in Mk. Joseph, who was a carpenter (Matthew 13:55) and a poor man, as his offering in the temple showed Luke 2:24), lived in Nazareth (Luke 2:4) and was espoused to Mary, also of Nazareth (Luke 1:26). Before the marriage ceremony Mary was ‘found with child of the Holy Ghost,’ but the angelic annunciation to her was not made known to Joseph. ]'>[2] Joseph, not willing to make Mary a public example, ‘was minded to put her away privily’ (Matthew 1:18). An angel, however, appeared to him in a dream, telling him not to fear to marry Mary, as the conception was of the Holy Ghost, and also that she would bring forth a son, whom he was to name Jesus (Matthew 1:20 f. ]'>[3] as a token of Divine favour, and Joseph took Mary as his wife, but did not live with her as her husband till she had brought forth her firstborn son (Matthew 1:24 f. ...
Before the birth of Christ there was an Imperial decree that all the world should be taxed, and Joseph, being of the house and lineage of David, had to leave Nazareth and go to Bethlehem, to be taxed with Mary. § [4] In Bethlehem Jesus was born; and there the shepherds, to whom the angel had announced the birth of the Saviour, found Mary and Joseph and ‘the babe lying in a manger’ (Luke 2:16). At the circumcision, on the eighth day after the birth, the child received the name ‘Jesus’ which Joseph had been commanded to give Him; and on a later day, when Mary’s purification was accomplished (cf. Joseph fulfilled the law as if he were the father of Jesus; and after the ceremonies in the temple he must have returned with Mary and her son to Bethlehem, which was 6 miles distant from Jerusalem. In Bethlehem the Wise Men who had come from the East saw Mary and ‘the young child’ and worshipped Him; and after their departure the angel of the Lord appeared again to Joseph, bidding him take Mary and the child and flee into Egypt on account of Herod, who would seek to destroy Him (Matthew 2:13). ...
It is recorded of Joseph that he and Mary went every year, at the Passover, to Jerusalem, and that when Jesus was twelve years of age He accompanied them. On that occasion Jesus tarried in Jerusalem, after Joseph and Mary, thinking He was with them in the company, had left the city. Mary’s words, ‘Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. ’ called forth an answer which Joseph and Mary did not understand. Mary’s words and the record of the subjection of Jesus to her and Joseph indicate that Joseph stood to Jesus in the place of an earthly father
Mary, the Virgin - MARY, THE VIRGIN. The Virgin Mary was born, we may suppose, at Nazareth. ), which makes Mary a woman of the tribe of Levi, is clearly an erroneous inference from the relationship between her and Elisabeth (cf. The other opinion, that this sister was Mary ‘of Clopas,’ would (cf. According to a theory brought forward in connexion with the harmonizing of the two genealogies of our Lord, Mary was a cousin of Joseph her husband (art. Mary was troubled (διεταράχθη), we are told, at the saying, yet she believed at once. ’ Soon after (‘in these days,’ Luke 1:39) the departure of the angel, Mary set out to pay the visit to her kinswoman, which his words would naturally suggest to her. Rather, as it has been said, ‘the first but the ever-deepening desire in the heart of Mary, when the angel left her, must have been to be away from Nazareth, and for the relief of opening her heart to a woman, in all things like-minded, who perhaps might speak blessed words to her’ (Edersheim, Life and Times, i. ...
When Mary reached her kinswoman’s house, a fresh surprise awaited her in the greeting of Elisabeth: ‘Blessed art thou among women. ’ No longer is Mary to Elisabeth simply ‘kinswoman,’ she is ‘the mother of my Lord. The ‘Song of Mary’ is ‘modelled on the OT psalms, especially the Song of Hannah (1 Samuel 2:1-10), but its superiority to the latter in moral and spiritual elevation is very manifest. ’ That Mary should ‘fall back on the familiar expressions of Jewish Scripture in this moment of intense exultation’ is very natural (cf. The evidence adduced, however, does not seem sufficient to override the verdict of all the rest of antiquity, that the Hymn is Mary’s and not Elisabeth’s. Mary remained with her kinswoman in Judah ‘about three months,’ probably waiting (cf. , which records Joseph’s intention to put Mary away privily when her condition became known to him, and speaks of his subsequent marriage with her in obedience to the angelic messages. When Joseph went up to Bethlehem to get himself enrolled, Mary went also, not because it was necessary, but because ‘she would be anxious at all risks not to be separated from Joseph’ (Plummer, in loc. There is no need to linger on the next events,—the Circumcision, the Presentation and Purification in the Temple, the visit of the Magi, the Flight into and Return from Egypt,—for these all belong rather to the life of Christ than to that of Mary. “His mother kept all these sayings hid in her heart”; “Mary kept all these sayings, pondering them in her heart”; those two sentences would be sufficient. Here in Nazareth it was that those brothers and sisters of the Lord, of whom we read in the course of the Gospel narrative, were born to Mary and Joseph (for other views see art. Mary did not yet understand all the meaning of the angel’s words to her regarding the Child that was to be born. Then again we see from the passage the lasting impression which the scene left on Mary’s mind. In the scene at Capernaum the lesson is much the same, though the interference of Mary and our Lord’s brethren on this occasion seems to have arisen from a different motive. After this the only glimpse we get of Mary is in Acts 1:14, where she is mentioned as continuing steadfastly in prayer with the other women and the brethren and Apostles of the Lord, after the Ascension
Angelus - It consists of the Hail Mary said three times, with certain versicles (little verses), responses, and a prayer. It takes its name from the opening word of the Latin form, "Angelus Domini nuntiavit Marire" (The Angel of the Lord declared unto Mary). An indulgence of 100 days is gained when the Angelus with three Hail Marys is said, and a plenary indulgence, conditional upon confession, communion, and prayer for the usual intentions, once a month for those who say it habitually
Joseph, Saint - Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary and foster-father of Our Lord, born probably Bethlehem; died probably Nazareth. The Gospel relates that he was espoused to Mary and that he was thinking of putting her away when an angel revealed to him the Mystery of the Incarnation (Matthew 1)
Mary Tudor - After Henry's repudiation of Catherine, Mary was harshly treated and during the reign of Edward VI remained in comparative obscurity. Mary displayed excessive severity in applying for heresy penalties which Henry VIII and Edward VI had applied with the approval of Protestant bishops; within four years 277 persons were put to death and this record stands as a blot on her memory, though it is now generally admitted that she was prompted by misguided zeal, rather than vindictiveness
Apostolic Schools - Among these schools in the United States are those at Cornwells, under the Fathers of the Holy Ghost; Perryville, Missouri, under the Congregation of the Mission; South Langhorne, Pennsylvania, under the Society of Mary; and San Antonio, Texas, under the Oblates of Mary
Tudor, Mary - After Henry's repudiation of Catherine, Mary was harshly treated and during the reign of Edward VI remained in comparative obscurity. Mary displayed excessive severity in applying for heresy penalties which Henry VIII and Edward VI had applied with the approval of Protestant bishops; within four years 277 persons were put to death and this record stands as a blot on her memory, though it is now generally admitted that she was prompted by misguided zeal, rather than vindictiveness
Schools, Apostolic - Among these schools in the United States are those at Cornwells, under the Fathers of the Holy Ghost; Perryville, Missouri, under the Congregation of the Mission; South Langhorne, Pennsylvania, under the Society of Mary; and San Antonio, Texas, under the Oblates of Mary
Lord, Brethren of the - His father was a certain Alphaeus, equivalent to the Cleophas or Clopas of John 19, according to the synoptic Gospels (Matthew 10; Mark 3; Luke 6), and his mother, Mary, was a close attendant on Jesus (Mark 15), being a sister of the mother of Jesus (John 19) or a sister-in-law (on Hegesippus's assertion that Cleophas was Saint Joseph's brother). Hence we may recognize the "Brethren of the Lord" as cousins of Christ, children of Mary, wife of Cleophas, and nephews of the Blessed Virgin. There is no need to believe (like the Syrians and Greeks, moved by the "protoevangelium Jacobi" and other apocryphals) that they are Saint Joseph's children by a wife deceased, or (as Helvidius and other heretics thought) by Mary after Jesus's birth
Simon - By comparing these passages with John 12:1-3 it seems evident that Martha and Mary lived in Simon's house (they were perhaps in some way related to him), and that Mary was the woman alluded to. There is no authority for supposing that this woman was Mary Magdalene
Mary, Sister of Lazarus - When "Martha, as soon as she heard Jesus was coming, went and met Him, Mary remained sitting in the house" (Matthew 25:35-36). Her faith had been lacking when, like Martha, but without her addition of expression of faith in Christ and the resurrection, Mary said as one who had trusted His love and power, and who cannot understand why then He had allowed her brother to die, "Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died" (John 11:21-27; John 11:32). ...
But Martha, when she came into Jesus' presence, could at once enter into discourse with Him; Mary, when she saw Him, "fell down at His feet. " It was the sight of Mary's tears which drew forth His; Jesus conversed with Martha, "wept" with Mary (John 11:23; John 11:33; John 11:35), In John 12:3 she more than makes up for her previous distrust. Mary "anointed" Him because He was the Christ; "His feet" because it was for His burial, and it was in His "heel" that Satan "bruised" Him; yet those feet were, because of their bruising, to bruise forever the old serpent's head
Bethania - It was prominent as the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, and the scene of the raising of Lazarus to life (John 11)
Bethany - It was prominent as the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, and the scene of the raising of Lazarus to life (John 11)
Ointment - It seems quite certain that this is the nard sed by Mary of Bethany to anoint Our Lord (Matthew 6; Mark 14; John 12)
Deshayes, Gabriel - He founded the Sisters of Christian Teaching and Nursing of Saint Gildas (1807) and the Brothers of Saint Francis of Assisi called "farming brothers" (1841), and he reorganized the Company of Mary (1821) and the Brothers of Saint Gabriel (1835)
John de Feckenham - Cranmer threw him into prison, but he was released under Mary and later made Abbot of Westminster
Margaret Pole, Blessed - She was sponsor for Henry VIII's daughter, Mary, and afterwards her governess
Damien, Father - Member of the Fathers of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, he was sent to Hawaii where he became resident priest in the leper reserve at Molokai, and for years was the only person to minister to their spiritual and medical wants
Father Damien - Member of the Fathers of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, he was sent to Hawaii where he became resident priest in the leper reserve at Molokai, and for years was the only person to minister to their spiritual and medical wants
Joseph de Veuster, Blessed - Member of the Fathers of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, he was sent to Hawaii where he became resident priest in the leper reserve at Molokai, and for years was the only person to minister to their spiritual and medical wants
Julius Iii, Pope - As pope, he concluded a two-year truce with France; supported the rising Jesuit Order; sent Cardinal Pole to Queen Mary of England to aid in the Catholic restoration; reopened the Council of Trent; and despatched a cardinal to represent Catholic interests at the Religious Peace of Augsburg
John Howman - Cranmer threw him into prison, but he was released under Mary and later made Abbot of Westminster
Howman, John - Cranmer threw him into prison, but he was released under Mary and later made Abbot of Westminster
Degradation - In our own country, Cranmer was degraded by order of the bloody queen Mary
Beaton, James (ii) - He was a faithful friend and adviser to Mary, Queen of Scots, and though in exile enjoyed the favor of James VI
Pax - ) A tablet or board, on which is a representation of Christ, of the Virgin Mary, or of some saint and which, in the Mass, was kissed by the priest and then by the people, in mediaeval times; an osculatory
Archangel - , Gabriel to the Virgin Mary, Raphael to Tobias; and to the archangels God entrusts the care of persons of exalted rank or sanctity
Happy Death Confraternity, the - Its object is the preparation of members for a happy death by a well regulated life, and particularly through devotion to the Passion of Christ and the sorrows of Mary
Gabriel Deshayes - He founded the Sisters of Christian Teaching and Nursing of Saint Gildas (1807) and the Brothers of Saint Francis of Assisi called "farming brothers" (1841), and he reorganized the Company of Mary (1821) and the Brothers of Saint Gabriel (1835)
Aikenhead, Mary - This she did, 1815, assuming the name of Sister Mary Augustine
Gabriel - He was also sent to Mary the mother of Jesus, and to Zacharias the father of John the Baptist, to foretell the birth of their sons
Nazarene - Joseph and Mary, when they returned from Egypt, went to reside at Nazareth, "that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene
Collyridians - Epiphanius condemns their conduct because (a) women ought not to offer sacrifice and (b) Mary is to be honoured God only to be worshipped
Augustus - This is the emperor who appointed the enrolment mentioned Luke 2:1 , which obliged Joseph and the Virgin Mary to go to Bethlehem, the place where Jesus Christ was born
Giammaria Ciocchi Del Monte - As pope, he concluded a two-year truce with France; supported the rising Jesuit Order; sent Cardinal Pole to Queen Mary of England to aid in the Catholic restoration; reopened the Council of Trent; and despatched a cardinal to represent Catholic interests at the Religious Peace of Augsburg
Veuster, Joseph de, Blessed - Member of the Fathers of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, he was sent to Hawaii where he became resident priest in the leper reserve at Molokai, and for years was the only person to minister to their spiritual and medical wants
Presentation of Christ - It is a double Festival as we learn from its titlewhich reads, "The Presentation of Christ in the Temple, commonlycalled the Purification of Saint Mary the Virgin
Silvanus, Solitary of Sinai - A wandering ascetic seeing all the brethren working very diligently said to them, "Labour not for the meat which perisheth; Mary chose the better part. " The stranger confessed his fault and was forgiven, Silvanus playfully saying, "Martha is evidently necessary to Mary
Genealogy of the Lord Jesus - ...
There is more difficulty as to the genealogy in Luke: is it the lineal line of Joseph or Mary? Women are never quoted as forming a line of succession, yet Christ is spoken of as the 'seed' of the woman, Genesis 3:15 ; 'come of woman,' Galatians 4:4 ; 'the seed of Abraham,' Hebrews 2:16 ; 'the seed of David according to flesh,' Romans 1:3 ; 2 Timothy 2:8 ; 'the offspring of David. It is better therefore to consider that Luke gives the lineal descent of the Lord through Mary. In accordance with the above it will be seen that Matthew in speaking of the birth of the Lord frequently mentions Joseph, seldom Mary; whereas Luke frequently mentions Mary, but seldom Joseph
Brethren of the Lord (2) - ...
According to the Hieronymian view, the ‘brethren’ of Jesus were His first cousins, being sons of the Virgin’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas. According to the Helvidian view, they were sons of Joseph and Mary born after Jesus. ’ That the brethren were members of the same family as Jesus, and stood in some definite filial relation to Joseph and Mary, is distinctly stated in Matthew 13:55 ||, ‘Is not this the carpenter’s son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joseph,* [2] and Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, are they not all† [4] all with one accord continued steadfastly in prayer with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren. It is no sufficient reply to this to say that in Galatians 1:19 James is called an Apostle (‘But other of the apostles saw I none, save
(b) That the mother of James and of the other ‘brethren’ was ‘Mary of Clopas’ (John 19:25). ...
(c) That this Mary was the Virgin’s sister. ...
(e) That Clopas is identical with Alphaeus, and that consequently ‘Mary of Clopas’ is not to be regarded as the daughter of Clopas, but as his wife. If so, and if (as is supposed by many) ‘Mary of Clopas was the wife of Clopas, and the sister of the Virgin, two brothers (Joseph and Clopas) must have married two sisters (the Virgin Mary and Mary of Clopas). (b) The mother of this James is called by the Synoptists Mary, and she is further described in John 19:25 as ‘Mary of Clopas’ (Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ). This might mean ‘Mary daughter of Clopas,’ but since Clopas and Alphaeus are the same word, both being transliterations of the Aramaic (חַלְפי) חַלְפַי, the correct translation is ‘Mary wife of Clopas. ’ () This Mary, wife of Clopas, is said by St. (b) Jerome’s assumption that ‘Mary the mother of James and Joses’ (Mt. ) is identical with ‘Mary of Clopas’ is probably, though not certainly, correct. But there is no ground for supposing, as Jerome’s supporters do, that this Mary was the wife of Clopas. There being no indication in the context to the contrary, the natural translation of Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ is ‘Mary the daughter of Clopas. ...
(c) There is more plausibility about Jerome’s contention that Mary of Clopas is described in John 19:25 as the Virgin’s sister. It must be candidly admitted that the prima facie impression which this passage makes upon the mind is that only three women are mentioned, and that the Virgin’s sister is Mary of Clopas. John would omit to mention the presence of his own mother, ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ is probably not Mary of Clopas, but Salome. (3) If Mary of Clopas was sister to the Virgin, then two sisters had the same name, a circumstance most improbable, unless they were only step-sisters. The point is undoubtedly a difficult one, and different opinions will continue to be held about it, but fortunately its decision does not affect the main point of our inquiry, because, whether Mary of Clopas was the Virgin’s sister or not, there is no reason for supposing that she was the mother of the brethren of Jesus. ]'>[13] partly because it ‘is obviously an attempt of an ardent champion of celibacy to maintain the perpetual virginity not only of Mary, but of Joseph;† Mary - Manifestly the worship of Mary had not then commenced. One of these unauthorized inventions is the alleged immaculate conception and spotless holiness of Mary. This last passage leaves it uncertain whether this Mary was sister to Mary our Lord's mother, or not. Some suppose that four persons are there named: Christ's mother, his mother's sister, Mary of Cleaophas, and Salome. No service was too humble for Martha to render, and no offering too costly for Mary to pour out, in honor of their Savior, John 11:1-57 12:1-8
Queen's Daughters - A Catholic religio-charitable association established by Mary Hoxsey in Saint Louis, Missouri in December 1889, and incorporated on January 6, 1902
Salome - The conjecture that Salome was the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus has no adequate support
Joses - Mark 15:40 mentions another Joses, the brother of James the Less, whose mother's name was Mary
Churching - Equivalent to the Purification among the Jews, and whichin the life of the Blessed Virgin Mary is commemorated as a Feast ofthe Church on February 2
Galilee - Joseph and Mary belonged to Nazareth, the chief city in the south, and there Jesus lived the greater part of His life
Abbey of Melrose - It was founded in 1136 by King David I, dedicated to Saint Mary, and given to monks from Rievaulx, Yorkshire
Serpent - In Christian art it is associated with ...
Blessed Virgin Mary where it is often placed beneath her feet: "the seed of the woman shall crush his head
Salome - Some infer, from comparing Matthew 27:56 and John 19:25 , that she was a sister of Mary the mother of Jesus
Overshadow - 1: ἐπισκιάζω (Strong's #1982 — Verb — episkiazo — ep-ee-skee-ad'-zo ) "to throw a shadow upon" (epi, "over," skia, "a shadow"), "to overshadow," is used (a) of the bright cloud at the Transfiguration, Matthew 17:5 ; Mark 9:7 ; Luke 9:34 ; (b) metaphorically of the power of "the Most High" upon the Virgin Mary, Luke 1:35 ; (c) of the Apostle Peter's shadow upon the sick, Acts 5:15
Bethany - This was the village where Jesus’ friends Mary, Martha and Lazarus lived, and where Jesus was anointed a few days before his crucifixion (Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 11:1-11; John 11:1; John 11:18; John 12:1-7)
Christ in Mohammedan Literature - 19, the Suratu Maryam, which was delivered in Mecca. It refers to His birth—...
‘Make mention in the Book, of Mary, when she went apart from her family eastward, and took a veil to shroud herself from them, and we sent our spirit to her, and he took before her the form of a perfect man. They said: “O Mary, now hast thou done a strange thing, O sister of Aaron; Thy father was not a man of wickedness, nor unchaste thy mother. The idea of the palm tree is taken from a story in the History of the Nativity of Mary, when she rests under it on the way to Egypt. 43), also a Meccan Sura, we read—...
‘And when the son of Mary was set forth as an instance of Divine power, lo! thy people cried out for joy thereat. 2) we read—...
‘And to Jesus, son of Mary, gave we clear proofs of his Mission, and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit’*
‘To Jesus, the son of Mary, we gave manifest signs, and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit’ (v. 3) there are several references—...
‘Remember when the Angel said: “O Mary, Verily, God announceth to thee the Word from Him. His name shall be Messiah, the son of Mary, illustrious in this world and in the next, and one of those who have near access to God. ...
It is said that Mary was thirteen or fifteen years old when the announcement was made to her. ...
The phrase ‘son of Mary’ had become so fixed in Mohammed’s mind that he puts it into the mouth of the Angel, even when he is addressing Mary herself. 61), and is intended to show that Jesus had foretold the advent of Mohammed—...
‘Remember when Jesus the son of Mary said, “O children of Israel! of a truth I am God’s apostle to you to confirm the Law which was given before me, and to announce an apostle that shall come after me whose name shall be Ahmad” ’ (v. The Jews are reproached for speaking against Mary, and—...
‘for their saying, “Verily we have slain the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, an apostle of God. ...
‘The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, is only an apostle of God, and His word which He conveyed into Mary, and a Spirit from Him. 5), we read—...
‘Infidels now are they who say, “God is the Messiah, son of Mary” ’ (v. ‘When God shall say, “O Jesus, son of Mary, hast thou said unto mankind—Take me and my mother as two gods besides God?,” he shall say, “Glory be unto thee, it is not for me to say that which I know to be not the truth” ’ (v. ...
Mohammed represents Christians as worshipping a Trinity consisting of the Father, the Son, and the Virgin Mary. The undue veneration paid to the Virgin Mary may have misled him in his earlier days, but he had opportunities of correcting his error; and yet in this the latest of the Suras he makes the charge. ...
In the same Sura we have a passage which has given rise to many traditions—...
‘Remember when the apostles said, “O Jesus, son of Mary, is thy Lord able to send down a furnished table to us out of heaven?” ’ (v. ‘Jesus, son of Mary, said: “O God our Lord! send down a table to us out of heaven, that it may become a recurring festival to us” ’ (v. ...
One day Mary in the house of her husband had arranged a purdah behind which she intended to bathe. Mary feared, and said: ‘I seek protection of God from thee, if thou fearest. ’ Mary said: ‘Whence shall a child come to me, for no man has touched me, I am not an evil-doer. ’ Then Gabriel came near to Mary and breathed on her. ...
Mary spoke of her conception to her cousin Joseph, who was to come into the house. ’ Mary said: ‘If you say God at first made the trees, then they were produced without seed: if first He made seed, then seed came without a tree. ’ Joseph said: ‘Is a child born without a father?’ Mary said: ‘Yes, without parents, just as Adam and Eve were. Then Mary told him about the good news Gabriel had brought. ’ When the days of her confinement drew near, Mary was told to go to Bethlehem, lest her people should injure the child. Mary and Joseph went, under the guidance of Gabriel. ’ The reply came, ‘O Mary, thy heart turned to me, love for Jesus has come into it; be tranquil, sustenance will be provided, eat and drink and have joy in the Messiah. ’...
Then Mary said to Gabriel: ‘If people ask how the child was born, what shall I reply?’ He said: ‘Say, “I have seen no man, I am fasting; I speak with none about it. ...
Then Mary went to Jerusalem, where, seeing the miracles done by the child, people sought to destroy him. Then, by the order of God, Mary took him to Egypt. ...
A man came to Mary one day, and said: ‘The king has said that a ryot each day is to make a feast for him and his army. ’ Mary turned for aid to Jesus, who hesitated; but Mary said that aid would be a great favour to the ryot. ‘Jesus, son of Mary. All historians say Mary was then alive
Nanjing, China, Archdiocese of - Jesuits control: ...
Aurora University, Shanghai
Saint Ignatius College, Zikawei
Little Seminary, Zikawei
Theological Seminary, Zikawei
The Marist Brothers conduct ...
Saint Francis Xavier's College
College of Joan of Arc, Shanghai
The Daughters of Charity maintain ...
Saint Mary's Hospital, Shanghai
Saint Joseph's Civil Hospital, Shanhai
The Helpers of the Holy Souls have boarding and day schools in Shanghai; an Apostolic school, Christian, and pagan boarding schools at Zikawei. ...
The Franciscan Missionaries of Mary have charge of the General Hospital, Shanghai; the European Hospital; and a Chinese dispensary. ...
The Little Brothers of Mary have a college of secondary studies for Europeans, Nanking
Waste - It is very significant that Christ used the word, which Judas had applied to Mary, of Judas himself. So far wrong was he that Mary had rendered an ever memorable act of devotion
Martha - ” Sister of Mary and Lazarus of Bethany and one of Jesus' best-loved disciples. Together with Mary, she sent for Jesus when Lazarus was ill (John 11:3 ). Luke 10:38-42 contrasts Martha's activist discipleship with Mary's contemplative discipleship
Womb - For when the angel announced to the Virgin Mary the miraculous incarnation, and when to the seeming impossibilities of the thing itself, as it appeared to her, the angel explained how it should be accomplished by the miraculous impregnation of the Holy Ghost, Mary at once consented to the deed—Be it unto me according to thy word—and immediately the work was wrought· (Luke 1:31, etc,) And to this agrees the prophecy of the psalmist, (Psalms 139:13) "Thou hast covered me in my mother's womb
Simeon - The Holy Ghost had assured him, that he should not die before he had seen the Christ of the Lord; he therefore came into the temple, prompted by inspiration, just at the time when Joseph and Mary presented Jesus Christ there, in obedience to the law. Simeon took the child into his arms, gave thanks to God, and then blessed Joseph and Mary
Cambridge, England, University of - ...
Corpus Christi (called Corpus), founded 1352, by the guilds of Corpus Christi and of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and known in early times as Saint Benet's from the church connected with the Corpus guild, which served as the college chapel for nearly three centuries. ...
Gonville and Caius known as Caius, (pronounced Keys), founded 1348, as the "Hall of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary" by Edmund Gonvil (Gonevill); refounded and enlarged by John Caius, 1557; the chief medical college. ...
Jesus, founded on the site of the Benedictine convent of Saint Radigund, 1498, by John Alcock, Bishop of Ely, as the college of "the most Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist, and the glorious virgin Saint Radigund"; Blessed John Fisher was an alumnus. ...
Pembroke, founded 1347, by Mary de Saint Paul, Countess of Penmbroke, endowed by Henry VI; a noted nursery of Anglican bishops
Mary - Mary (mâ'ry). In the days succeeding the ascension of Christ Mary met with the disciples in the upper room, Acts 1:14, waiting for the coming of the Holy Spirit with power. Mary Magdalene, or Mary of Magdala
University of Cambridge, England - ...
Corpus Christi (called Corpus), founded 1352, by the guilds of Corpus Christi and of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and known in early times as Saint Benet's from the church connected with the Corpus guild, which served as the college chapel for nearly three centuries. ...
Gonville and Caius known as Caius, (pronounced Keys), founded 1348, as the "Hall of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary" by Edmund Gonvil (Gonevill); refounded and enlarged by John Caius, 1557; the chief medical college. ...
Jesus, founded on the site of the Benedictine convent of Saint Radigund, 1498, by John Alcock, Bishop of Ely, as the college of "the most Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist, and the glorious virgin Saint Radigund"; Blessed John Fisher was an alumnus. ...
Pembroke, founded 1347, by Mary de Saint Paul, Countess of Penmbroke, endowed by Henry VI; a noted nursery of Anglican bishops
Martha - MARTHA (of Bethany, sister of Lazarus and Mary). ...
Martha and Mary exhibit a peculiarity frequently observable in families. While Mary was impassioned and imaginative, Martha was unemotional and practical. ]'>[2] When Jesus visited her house at the season of the Feast of Tabernacles, He found her busy preparing the festal cheer (see Mary, No. And when Jesus came to Bethany in tardy response to the sisters’ appeal, ‘Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick,’ Mary was in the darkened home overwhelmed with grief, but Martha had repressed her emotion, and, when word was brought her that Jesus had been sighted making His toilsome approach by the Ascent of Blood, the steep and robber-haunted road up the eastern slope of Olivet, she went out and met Him ere He entered the village. She wept less than Mary, but she mourned as deeply. Her impatience of Mary’s inactivity amid the bustle of preparing the meal was due less to resentment at being left alone to serve, than to anxiety that nothing should be wanting for the comfort of the dear Master. She lacked some qualities which Mary possessed, but she had others of her own, and Jesus appreciated the excellence of her character
Levitation -
term used by Spiritists to designate the physical phenomena by which object are suspended in the air by supposed supernormal means ...
the experience of certain ecstatics, lifted from the ground when at prayer; those reported to have his gift include:
Saint Agnes of Montepulciano
Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni of Siena
Blessed Archangela Girlani
Saint Charbel Makhlouf
Saint Christina Ciccarelli
Saint Christina the Astonishing
Blessed Flora of Beaulieu
Blessed Frances de Posadas
Saint Francis Fasani
Saint Francis of Paola
Blessed James of Bitetto
Saint John Joseph of the Cross
Saint Joseph of Cupertino
Saint John of Sahagun
Blessed Louise degli Albertoni
Saint Lutgardis
Blessed Maria Adeodata Pisani
Blessed Maria Bagnesi
Blessed Mary of Jesus Crucified
Saint Padre Pio
Falconieri, Alexis, Saint - He became a member of the Laudesi, or Praisers of Mary, a society of laymen
May - To counteract infidelity and immorality among the students, he made a vow to devote the month of May to Mary
Palmarian Catholic Church - Established in 1975 by Clemente Domínguez y Gómez, an insurance broker from Seville, Spain, who claimed the Virgin Mary appeared to him at a shrine outside the small village of El Palmar de Troya in Andalucia
Census - A census or enrollment of the people is mentioned several times in the Old Testament and notably in the New Testament (Luke 2), the enrollment of "the whole world" which occasioned the journey of Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem wherc Christ was born
Charles Gordon - He introduced music into the church in Aberdeen, 1814, and perhaps the most important work of his ministry was the erection of a parochial school, 1833, and the opening of the College of Saint Mary for the education of young men destined for the Church
Sister - , Matthew 19:29 ; of the "sisters" of Christ, the children of Joseph and Mary after the virgin birth of Christ, e
Rabboni - It was even more respectful than Rabbi, and signified "My great master;" in its use in the NT the pronominal force of the suffix is apparently retained (contrast Rabbi above); it is found in Mark 10:51 in the best texts, RV, "Rabboni" (AV, "Lord"), addressed to Christ by blind Bartimaeus, and in John 20:16 by Mary Magdalene, where it is interpreted by didaskalos, "Master" (marg
Elisabeth - She also was kin to Mary the mother of Jesus; but the Bible does not indicate the exact degree of relationship between the two women
Sister - Martha and Mary, sisters of Lazarus, were well known as friends and supporters of Jesus
Alphaeus - Husband of the Mary who with Jesus' mother stood at the cross (John 19:25)
Primer - ) Originally, a small prayer book for church service, containing the little office of the Virgin Mary; also, a work of elementary religious instruction. ) First; original; primary
Alexis Falconieri, Saint - He became a member of the Laudesi, or Praisers of Mary, a society of laymen
Arm - On seeing Mary as she waited for the birth of Jesus, Elizabeth confessed that in bringing Jesus, God showed “strength with his arm” (Luke 1:51 )
Agnes of Rome, Saint - Patron of Children of Mary
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Also known as Annunciation of the Lord...
Feast of the Incarnation ...
Memorial March 25, ...
Profile The annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel that she was to be the Mother of God (Luke 1), the Word being made flesh through the power of the Holy Spirit
Gordon, Charles - He introduced music into the church in Aberdeen, 1814, and perhaps the most important work of his ministry was the erection of a parochial school, 1833, and the opening of the College of Saint Mary for the education of young men destined for the Church
All Hallows - It owes its origin in the Western Church to the dedication of the Pantheon in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the martyrs by Pope Saint Boniface IV in 609, the anniversary of which was celebrated at Rome on May 13,
All Saints, Feast of - It owes its origin in the Western Church to the dedication of the Pantheon in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the martyrs by Pope Saint Boniface IV in 609, the anniversary of which was celebrated at Rome on May 13,
Augustus - Augustus was the emperor who appointed the enrollment, Luke 2:1, causing Joseph and Mary to go to Bethlehem, the place where Jesus was born
Rome, Agnes of, Saint - Patron of Children of Mary
Lazarus - Lazarus (a shortened form of Eleazer) of Bethany was a personal friend of Jesus and the brother of Mary and Martha (John 11:1-3 ). He is not mentioned in the other Gospels, although Luke 10:38-42 names the sisters Mary and Martha
Alphaeus - The father of James the Apostle ( Matthew 10:3 = Mark 3:18 = Luke 6:15 = Acts 1:13 ), commonly identified with James the Little, son of Mary and brother of Joses or Joseph ( Mark 15:40 = Matthew 27:56 ). He was evidently himself a believer; his son Joses, though undistinguished, was evidently a believer also; his son James was an Apostle; his son Matthew was an Apostle and an Evangelist; and his wife Mary was one of the faithful women who stood by the Cross and visited the Sepulchre ( Mark 16:1 )
Magnificat - ]'>[1] the hymn is ascribed to the Virgin Mary, but there is a variant reading ‘Elisabeth’ which demands some explanation. ‘Mary’ is the reading of all the Greek MSS, of the great majority of Latin MSS, and of many Early Fathers as far back as Tertullian (2nd cent. There is fairly general agreement among critics that the original text must have been simply ‘and she said,’ so that both ‘Mary’ and ‘Elisabeth’ should be regarded as glosses. ’...
Another argument has been founded on the reading of Luke 1:55 : ‘Mary abode with her,’ where the Pesh. On the whole, the external evidence is in favour of the gloss ‘Mary
Annunciation, the - —The announcement of the fact that the Son of God was to be born of the Virgin Mary, who at the time was espoused to Joseph, the descendant and heir of David. Luke (Luke 1:26-38) tells us that this announcement was made to Mary by the angel Gabriel at Nazareth six months after the same angel had told Zacharias in the Temple at Jerusalem that his wife Elisabeth should bear him a son, who was to be called John. Luke is our sole authority for this announcement by the angel to Mary. Luke’s is written from Mary’s point of view (see below). Both state that at the time of the announcement Mary was espoused to Joseph, that the child was to be named ‘Jesus,’ that He was born at Bethlehem in Judaea, and that the parents brought Him up at Nazareth. It required more delicacy to tell the story of the virgin birth from Mary’s side than from Joseph’s; and this greater delicacy is forthcoming. Luke’s authority? Assuming the truth of the narrative, it is obvious that, in the last resort, the authority for it must have been Mary herself. By frequent transmission from mouth to mouth details about the angel’s outward appearance, his beauty and brightness, and about Mary’s attitude and employment, would have crept in, and the conversation would have been expanded; all of which corruptions are found in the Apocryphal Gospels. Luke did not get his information direct from Mary herself, the person who passed on the mysterious story from her to the Evangelist was almost certainly a woman. Mary would be much more likely to tell it to a woman than to a man; and, in spite of her habitual reticence, she would, after Joseph’s death, be likely to confide it to some one. Luke derived the information respecting Mary either from herself, or from a woman to whom she had confided it, is confirmed by the characteristics of these first two chapters of his Gospel. Luke 23:49, Acts 1:14), may have been the person through whom the information passed from Mary to St. Luke wrote, and it may be doubted whether he could in imagination have thrown himself back to the surroundings and anticipations of Zacharias and Mary and Simeon. And there is nothing extravagant in the belief that Mary herself may at last have thought it best to commit her recollections and meditations to writing. But we must be content to remain in ignorance as to whether Mary, or some confidante, or St. Besides those in the first two chapters, we have the widow at Nain, the sinner in Simon’s house, Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Susanna, the woman with the issue, Martha and Mary, the woman bowed down for eighteen years, the widow with her two mites, the daughters of Jerusalem, and the women at the tomb. Luke everything is grouped round Mary and her kinswoman Elisabeth, in St. ...
Again, doubts have been raised about the two narratives, because in the one the revelation of the miraculous conception is made to Mary, in the other to Joseph; and either revelation, it is urged, would render the other unnecessary. If the virgin birth was to take place, God in His mercy would not leave Mary in ignorance of the mysterious manner in which He was about to deal with her. We may reverently say that the Annunciation to Mary was a necessity in order to save her from dreadful perplexity and suffering. On the mere testimony of Mary he could not have accepted so extraordinary a story. ...
In the Annunciation to Mary we are not told that she saw anything, for the ἰδοῦσα read by A C in Luke 1:29 is almost certainly not genuine. ...
By the first words of the angel, Mary was greatly disturbed (διεταράχθη) both in mind and heart: then her perplexity and emotion gave place to thought (διελογίζετο). ...
By the second utterance of Gabriel, which contains the substance of the Annunciation, Mary is astounded. And can Matthew 1:25, with its Imperfect tense (not Aorist, as in Genesis 19:8), be reconciled with any such vow? Mary’s ἄνδρα οὐ γινώσκω is a confession of conscious purity, drawn from her by the surprising promise that she is to have a son before she is married (see Sadler, ad loc. ...
Although Mary does not ask for an explanation or a sign, Gabriel gives both in a third utterance. ...
As to the sign, which was granted unasked, Mary receives one which is as convincing as the one given to Zacharias, but much more gracious. Another wonderful birth is about to take place, and by the mention of ‘the sixth month’ the angel assures Mary that all is known to him. Mary can verify his words respecting Elisabeth, and thereby know that this message to herself is true. ...
Mary’s final response to the angel is not a prayer that what he has promised may be fulfilled, but an expression of absolute submission. Luke had invented the story of the Annunciation, would he not have given us more of Pauline Christology, and that in its fullest form? That he has given us what is so rudimentary is evidence that he gives a record of what was revealed to Mary at the time, rather than what he himself knew and believed
Dancing - (Old High German: dinsan, to draw out, as in forming a chain) ...
Expression of feeling by rhythmical movement of the body, mentioned in Scripture as expressing joy on the part of the women of Israel, led by Mary, the sister of Moses (Exodus 15), and of David before the Ark (2Kings)
Joseph Cottolengo, Blessed - In connection with this work he established houses of the Sisters of Saint Vincent de Paul, of Saint Thais, of Carmel, of Suffrage, of Mary of the Seven Dolors, of the Good Shepherd, of Brothers of Saint Vincent de Paul, of Hermits of Gassin, and of Fathers of the Holy Trinity
Francis de Sales, Saint - He studied at the College of Clermont in Paris, where he began a course in theology and took a vow of chastity, consecrating himself to the Blessed Virgin Mary; he received his doctorate in law at Padua, 1592
Nestorianism - Like his master, Nestorius refused to admit that Mary was the Mother of God, but claimed she was only the mother of Christ
Nestorius - Like his master, Nestorius refused to admit that Mary was the Mother of God, but claimed she was only the mother of Christ
Salo'me -
The wife of Zebedee, (Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40 ) and probably sister of Mary the mother of Jesus, to whom reference is made in (John 19:25 ) The only events recorded of Salome are that she preferred a request on behalf of her two sons for seats of honor in the kingdom of heaven, (Matthew 20:20 ) that she attended at the crucifixion of Jesus, (Mark 15:40 ) and that she visited his sepulchre
Magdala - The name Mary "Magdalene" shows there was a "Magdala" probably a later form of Migdol, "a tower
Untruth: in Religious Giving - made a donation to the Virgin Mary of the whole county of Boulogne, retaining, however, for his own use, the revenues thereof! A solemn deed was drawn up, signed, sealed, and delivered, and it bears date 1478
Martha - Some have imagined that she was the wife or widow of Simon the leper; which would account for the place where Mary anointed Christ being termed his house
Photinians - He asserted that Jesus Christ was born of the Holy Ghost and the Virgin Mary; that a certain divine emanation, which he called the Word, descended upon him: and that, because of the union of the Divine Word with his human nature, he was called the Son of God, and even God himself; and that the Holy Ghost was not a person, but merely a celestial virtue proceeding from the Deity
Archangel, Gabriel the - " Mention of him occurs four times in the Bible; he foretold the destruction of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great and its division among his generals after his death (Daniel 8), interpreted to Daniel the Messianic visions (Daniel 9); predicted to Zachary the birth of the precursor (Luke 1); and announced to Mary that she was to be the mother of God (Luke 1)
Gabriel the Archangel - " Mention of him occurs four times in the Bible; he foretold the destruction of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great and its division among his generals after his death (Daniel 8), interpreted to Daniel the Messianic visions (Daniel 9); predicted to Zachary the birth of the precursor (Luke 1); and announced to Mary that she was to be the mother of God (Luke 1)
Amadeus Viii - Married to Mary of Burgundy, with whom he had nine children; she died in 1422
Rich, Edmund, Saint - Represented embracing the Child Jesus, and receiving a lamb from the Virgin Mary
Nestorianism - Like his master, Nestorius refused to admit that Mary was the Mother of God, but claimed she was only the mother of Christ
ma'ry, Sister of Lazarus, - Mary sat listening eagerly for every word that fell from the divine Teacher
Mary, the Blessed Virgin - (See BLESSED VIRGIN Mary
Magnificat - Luke I:46-56, and is the song of praise which theBlessed Virgin Mary gave utterance to "at the very season when theDivine overshadowing brought about the Incarnation of the Word
James (st.) the Less - The son of Cleophas, or Alphaeus and Mary,and brother of Thaddaeus or St
Reflectiveness - Martha was ‘anxious and troubled about many things’ from which her more reflective sister Mary was privileged to be free (Luke 10:41). The Virgin Mary herself is a beautiful and pathetic example of fruitful reflectiveness (Luke 2:19; Luke 2:51)
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Memorial August 15, ...
Description The feast celebrates the assumption of the body of the Blessed Virgin Mary into heaven upon her death. ...
Name Meaning; ad, to; sumere, to take (latin) ...
Patronage Acadians...
Alezio, Italy...
archdiocese of Seattle, Washington, USA...
Arquata Scrivia, Piedmont, Italy...
Bard, Aosta, Italy...
Bolzano, Italy...
Cajuns...
Carentino, Piedmont, Italy...
Casal Cermelli, Piedmont, Italy...
Cerreto d'Esi, Ancona, Italy...
Cistercian Order...
Coniolo, Piedmont, Italy...
Decollatura, Italy...
diocese of Bathurst, Canada...
diocese of Cheyenne, Wyoming, USA...
diocese of Fall River, Massachusetts, USA...
diocese of Fargo, North Dakota, USA...
diocese of Galway and Kilmacduagh, Ireland...
diocese of Greensburg, Pennsylvania, USA...
diocese of San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines...
diocese of Trenton, New Jersey, USA...
Etroubles, Aosta, Italy...
Fabbrica Curone, Piedmont, Italy...
fish dealers...
fishmongers...
France...
French air crews...
Ghaxaq, Malta...
Guatemala...
Guazzora, Piedmont, Italy...
Gudja, Malta...
Hal Ghaxaq, Malta...
harness makers...
Il-Gudja, Malta...
Il-Mosta, Malta...
India...
Issogne, Aosta, Italy...
Jamaica...
Loro Ciuffenna, Arezzo, Italy...
Maryland, USA...
Moncestino, Piedmont, Italy...
Montecastello, Piedmont, Italy...
Montegioco, Piedmont, Italy...
Morlupo, Italy...
Mosta, Malta...
Paraguay...
Pian di Sco, Arezzo, Italy...
Slovakia...
South Africa...
Stia, Arezzo, Italy...
Trapani, Sicily, Italy...
Trisobbio, Piedmont, Italy...
Villeneuve, Aosta, Italy...
Zia Indian Pueblo...
Storefront Commercial Links related to Our Lady of the Assumption ...
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions...
Of the Assumption of Mary, by Saint Alphonsus Maria de Liguori ...
Elizabeth of England, Queen - During the reign of Mary, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, she conformed scrupulously to the Roman ritual, attending Mass with her sister and even opening a chapel of her own. On Mary's death, 1558, she was driven to espouse the cause of the Reformers by several circumstances, especially the fact that many of her subjects rightly regarded her an illegitimate heir and Mary, Queen of Scots, the rightful claimant, and that the Anglican Church was an easy instrument for her political ends. Her first act was the annulment of Mary's religious proclamations and the restoration of the English Church service
England, Elizabeth of - During the reign of Mary, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, she conformed scrupulously to the Roman ritual, attending Mass with her sister and even opening a chapel of her own. On Mary's death, 1558, she was driven to espouse the cause of the Reformers by several circumstances, especially the fact that many of her subjects rightly regarded her an illegitimate heir and Mary, Queen of Scots, the rightful claimant, and that the Anglican Church was an easy instrument for her political ends. Her first act was the annulment of Mary's religious proclamations and the restoration of the English Church service
Alphaeus - ...
The identification of (2) with the Clopas of John 19:25 rests on two hypotheses: (α) The assumption that as a Mary is given as the mother of James, and consequently as the wife of Alphaeus, she must be the same as Mary the wife of Clopas who stood by the Cross. But Mary is a name of far too common occurrence in the NT to make this theory of any value
Benincasa, Ursula, Venerable - In 1583 she established near Castel Saint Elmo the Oblate Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, called Theatine Nuns, their habit resembling that of the Theatine clerics
Alabaster - In Matthew 26:6,7 , we read that Mary, sister of Lazarus, John 12:3 , poured as alabaster box of precious ointment on Christ's head
John Baptist de Rossi, Saint - In 1735 he was compelled to accept a canonry at Saint Mary in Cosmedin, vacated by the death of a relative
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart of Jesus of Issou - It is composed of priests and lay brothers, with the object of promoting the knowledge and practise of devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, as embodied in the revelations of Our Lord to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque, and of offering personal reparation to the Divine Heart
Casgrain, Henri Raymond - His works include: "History of Mother Mary of the Incarnation," "History of the Quebec Hospital," "A Canadian Parish of the Seventeenth Century," "The Sulpicians and Priests of the Foreign Missions of Acadia," "Canadian Pioneers," and "The Picture of the River Ouelle
Exaggeration - In certain ancient Italian frescoes Mary Magdalene is drawn as a woman completely enveloped in her own hair, which reaches to her feet and entirely wraps up her body as in a seamless garment
Nativity of Christ - Joseph and Mary were providentially led to go up to Bethlehem at this period, and there Christ was born (Matthew 2:1,6 ; Luke 2:1,7 )
Ursula Benincasa, Venerable - In 1583 she established near Castel Saint Elmo the Oblate Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, called Theatine Nuns, their habit resembling that of the Theatine clerics
Immanuel - The virgin Mary also would conceive and give birth to a son named Immanuel, but in this case ‘God with us’ meant much more
Manger - Luke the evangelist tells us, that "when the days with Mary were accomplished that she should be delivered, she brought forth her first-born son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn," (Luke 2:6-7) An English reader, unacquainted with the manners and customs of the East, from this relation, would be led to conclude, that from the fulness of the inn, and the poverty of the Virgin Mary, there was no other accommodation to be obtained for her. But what other accommodations Mary had, we are left to conjecture
Astronomer - ...
CATHOLICS ...
Giovanni Domenico Cassini
Mary Agnes Clerke
Nicolaus Copernicus
Andrew Claude de la Chevois Crommelin
Francesco Denza
Joseph Epping
Herve Auguste Etienne Albans Faye
Galileo Galilei
Edward Heis
Johann Von Lamont
Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier
Giuseppe Piazzi
Lorenzo Respighi
Giovanni Sante Gasparo Santini
Christoph Scheiner, S
Eliakim - An ancestor of Joseph the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:13 )
Bells, Blessing of - The fuming censer is then placed under the bell, that the smoke may fill the cavity, and the ceremony is concluded with the reading of the Gospel concerning Martha and Mary
Mary of the Gael - Virgin, popularly known as Mary of the Gael, born Faughart, County Louth, Ireland, 451; died Kildare, Ireland, 525
Rhoda - Peter’s miraculous deliverance from Herod’s prison he went to the house of Mary the mother of Mark
Bethany - It was where Lazarus, Martha, and Mary resided, in whose house the Lord found a resting place, amidst those whom He loved, and who were ever ready to welcome Him, and to devote the best of their substance to Him
Spikenard - Of it the ointment with which Mary anointed Jesus was made; it was so costly that Judas and other disciples murmured at the waste (Mark 14:3-5; John 12:3-5), its worth being 300 denarii , about 9 British pounds 7s
Astronomy - ...
CATHOLICS ...
Giovanni Domenico Cassini
Mary Agnes Clerke
Nicolaus Copernicus
Andrew Claude de la Chevois Crommelin
Francesco Denza
Joseph Epping
Herve Auguste Etienne Albans Faye
Galileo Galilei
Edward Heis
Johann Von Lamont
Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier
Giuseppe Piazzi
Lorenzo Respighi
Giovanni Sante Gasparo Santini
Christoph Scheiner, S
Espouse - When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph
Alpheus - Alpheus was the husband of Mary, believed to have been sister to the mother of Christ; for which reason, James is called the Lord's brother; but the term brother is too general in its application to fix their relation though the fact is probable
Mar'Tha - (a lady ), the sister of Lazarus and Mary. [1] The facts recorded in Luke 10 and John 11 indicate a character devout after the customary Jewish type of devotion, sharing in Messianic hopes and accepting Jesus as the Christ
Annunciation, the - A Feast of the Church held on March 25th, tocommemorate the visit of the Angel Gabriel to the Blessed VirginMary, to announce to her the Incarnation of the Son of God, hismessage to her being, "Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found favorwith God
Nazareth - At Nazareth the angel appeared to Mary: the home of Joseph, Luke 1:26; Luke 2:39, and to that place Joseph and Mary returned after their flight into Egypt
Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel - ...
Carmelite saints include ...
Albert of Jerusalem
Albert of Sicily
Andrew Corsini
Angelus of Jerusalem
Anne of Saint Bartholomew
Cyril of Constantinople
Denis of the Nativity
Elizabeth of the Trinity
Jacobinus de Canepaci
Jane of Toulouse
Joaquina Vedruna de Mas
John Baptist Spagnuolo
John of the Cross
John Soreth
Maria Lopez of Jesus
Marie of the Incarnation
Mary Fontanella
Mary Magdalen of Pazzi
Nuno Alveres Pereira
Peter Thomas
Raphael Kalinowski
Redemptorus of the Cross
Romeo of Limoges
Rose Chretien
Simon Stock
Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
Teresa Margaret Redi
Teresa Maria of the Cross
Teresa of Avila
Teresa of the Andes
Theresa of Lisieux
Carmelite Order - ...
Carmelite saints include ...
Albert of Jerusalem
Albert of Sicily
Andrew Corsini
Angelus of Jerusalem
Anne of Saint Bartholomew
Cyril of Constantinople
Denis of the Nativity
Elizabeth of the Trinity
Jacobinus de Canepaci
Jane of Toulouse
Joaquina Vedruna de Mas
John Baptist Spagnuolo
John of the Cross
John Soreth
Maria Lopez of Jesus
Marie of the Incarnation
Mary Fontanella
Mary Magdalen of Pazzi
Nuno Alveres Pereira
Peter Thomas
Raphael Kalinowski
Redemptorus of the Cross
Romeo of Limoges
Rose Chretien
Simon Stock
Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
Teresa Margaret Redi
Teresa Maria of the Cross
Teresa of Avila
Teresa of the Andes
Theresa of Lisieux
Carmelites - ...
Carmelite saints include ...
Albert of Jerusalem
Albert of Sicily
Andrew Corsini
Angelus of Jerusalem
Anne of Saint Bartholomew
Cyril of Constantinople
Denis of the Nativity
Elizabeth of the Trinity
Jacobinus de Canepaci
Jane of Toulouse
Joaquina Vedruna de Mas
John Baptist Spagnuolo
John of the Cross
John Soreth
Maria Lopez of Jesus
Marie of the Incarnation
Mary Fontanella
Mary Magdalen of Pazzi
Nuno Alveres Pereira
Peter Thomas
Raphael Kalinowski
Redemptorus of the Cross
Romeo of Limoges
Rose Chretien
Simon Stock
Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
Teresa Margaret Redi
Teresa Maria of the Cross
Teresa of Avila
Teresa of the Andes
Theresa of Lisieux
Litany of Loreto - Perhaps the most popular prayer in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary known to Catholic piety. It was first recited by the clergy and people of Loreto, a small place in Italy to which, according to tradition, the angels transported the humble cottage of the Virgin Mary. ...
Holy Mary, pray for us. ...
LET US PRAY: Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord God, unto us Thy servants, that we may rejoice in continual health of mind and body; and, by the glorious intercession of Blessed Mary ever Virgin, may be delivered from present sadness, and enter into the joy of Thine eternal gladness
Loreto, Litany of - Perhaps the most popular prayer in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary known to Catholic piety. It was first recited by the clergy and people of Loreto, a small place in Italy to which, according to tradition, the angels transported the humble cottage of the Virgin Mary. ...
Holy Mary, pray for us. ...
LET US PRAY: Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord God, unto us Thy servants, that we may rejoice in continual health of mind and body; and, by the glorious intercession of Blessed Mary ever Virgin, may be delivered from present sadness, and enter into the joy of Thine eternal gladness
Magnificat - —Our primary interest in the hymn Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55) is centred in the question of (1) its authorship, upon which must largely depend the scope of (2) its interpretation. Völter suggests that it is based on an Apocalypse of Zacharias, a Jewish document which has been edited by a Christian, who found the Magnificat attributed to Elisabeth, and transferred it to Mary. Acts 1:14) that the Virgin Mary was brought into contact with this group. ...
Having described the visit of the Virgin Mary to Elisabeth, and Elisabeth’s salutation, the Textus Receptus has καὶ εἶπεν [1] with the variant reading Ἐλισάβετ. Burkitt puts it concisely: ‘ “Mary” was read by Tertullian as well as by all Greek and Syriac texts. This is fatal to “Elisabeth”; yet, if “Mary” were genuine, the actual occurrence of “Elisabeth” in the European branch of the Old Latin would be inexplicable. Harnack and Burkitt argue for ‘Elisabeth,’ Wordsworth and Spitta for ‘Mary. Nothing is said about Mary being filled with the prophetic spirit. Mary, who answered so freely and so bravely, yet so humbly, to the angel, have been silent at such a moment when addressed by one whom she knew so well?’ (Wordsworth). ‘The Peshitta as well as the Sinai Palimpsest renders, “Now Mary remained with Elisabeth. The name marks ‘the whole section Luke 1:39-56 as what we may call a “Mary section,” ’ the Syriac reading being an attempt to clear up ambiguity (Wordsworth). ...
On the whole, then, so far as external evidence goes, the balance of probability is in favour of the reading or gloss ‘Mary. Any way, either Mary or Elisabeth would regard it as the song of Hannah, which is the main point before us
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - Yet He was God's extraordinary gift to Joseph through his proper wife Mary, and the fruit of his marriage to her, not as natural offspring of his body but as supernatural fruit. Mary must have been of the same tribe and family as Joseph, according to the law (Numbers 36:8). Probably Matthan of Matthew is the Matthat of Luke, and Jacob and Heli were brothers; and Heli's son Joseph, and Jacob's daughter Mary, first cousins. Joseph, as male heir of his uncle Jacob, who had only one child, Mary, would marry her according to the law (Numbers 36:8). ...
Thus the genealogy of the inheritance (Matthew's) and that of natural descent (Luke's) would be primarily Joseph's, then Mary's also. Five females are in Matthew's Gospel: incestuous Tamar, Rahab the Moabitess and a harlot, Ruth, Uriah's wife Bathsheba the object of David's adulterous love, and above all Mary; all extraordinary monuments of God's grace, that chooses out of the vilest to make vessels unto honor, for the bringing forth of the promised Seed, who was to save sinners of every type and race
John Colombini, Blessed - After a passionate outburst he was converted by reading the Life of Saint Mary of Egypt
Fourier, Peter, Saint - In 1598 he founded the Congregation of Notre Dame, who teach poor girls gratuitously; he is also founder of the Sodality of the Immaculate Conception, or "Children of Mary"
Lingard, John - " In 1811 he retired to the mission of Hornby, and after issuing various controversial tracts and devoting many years to research, he composed his eight-volume "History of England to the Accession of William and Mary" (1819-1830; eighth edition, 11 volumes, New York, 1915, supplementary vol
Lacordaire, Henri Dominique - A member of the French Academy (1860), his most celebrated work, the "Conferences," met with great success; his biographies of Saint Dominic and Mary Magdalen, although of little historical value, are popular, as are also his "Letters to young men
John Lingard - " In 1811 he retired to the mission of Hornby, and after issuing various controversial tracts and devoting many years to research, he composed his eight-volume "History of England to the Accession of William and Mary" (1819-1830; eighth edition, 11 volumes, New York, 1915, supplementary vol
Espoused - ...
2: μνηστεύω (Strong's #3423 — Verb — mnesteuo — mnace-tyoo'-o ) "to woo and win, to espouse or promise in marriage," is used in the Passive Voice in Matthew 1:18 ; Luke 1:27 ; 2:5 , all with reference to the Virgin Mary, RV, "betrothed," for AV, "espoused," in each case
Simon - Simon ‘the leper,’ in whose house the anointing of our Lord by Mary of Bethany took place (Matthew 26:6, Mark 14:3)
Anne Catherine Emmerich - " "The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary" did not appear until 1852, and in 1881 was published "The Life of Our Lord," which Brentano had left in manuscript
Henri Lacordaire - A member of the French Academy (1860), his most celebrated work, the "Conferences," met with great success; his biographies of Saint Dominic and Mary Magdalen, although of little historical value, are popular, as are also his "Letters to young men
False Prophet, (the) - Examples of modern day false prophets are Joseph Smith (Mormonism), Charles Taze Russell (Jehovah's Witnesses), Mary Baker Eddy (Christian Science), etc
Emmerich, Anne Catherine - " "The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary" did not appear until 1852, and in 1881 was published "The Life of Our Lord," which Brentano had left in manuscript
Religious Orders - Mary," "Sisters of St
Order of Our Lady of Mercy For the Ransom of Capti - Notable Mercedarians include ...
Blessed Margarita de Maturana
Blessed Mariana of Jesus
Blessed Mary de Cerevellon
Blessed Peter Armengol
Saint Peter Nolasco
Blessed Peter Paschal
Saint Raymond Nonnatus
Institute of the Holy Family - The Institute consists of different congregations, each with its distinctive work, garb, and particular rules, but all under a common constitution and directed by the Superior General of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, assisted by a Directress General
Foxe's Book of Martyrs - It contains three volumes: the first deals with early Christian persecutions and contains a sketch of medieval church history and an account of the Wyclifite movement in England and on the Continent; the second treats of the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI; and the third gives that of Mary I
Declaration, Royal - do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God, profess, testify, and declare, that I do believe that in the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper there is not any Transubstantiation of the elements of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever; and that the invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary or any other Saint, and the Sacrifice of the Mass, as they are now used in the Church of Rome, are superstitious and idolatrous" ...
Camillus de Lellis, Saint - Relics in Church of Saint Mary Magdalen, Rome
Cerinthians - They believed that he was a mere man, the son of Joseph and Mary; but that in his baptism a celestial virtue descended on him in the form of a dove; by means whereof he was consecrated by the Holy Spirit, made Christ, and wrought so many miracles; that, as he received it from heaven, it quitted him after his passion, and returned to the place whence it came; so that Jesus, whom they called a pure man, really died, and rose again; but that Christ, who was distinguished from Jesus, did not suffer at all
Clopas - In that case the devotion which kept Mary of Clopas near the cross till the end finds a counterpart in her husband’s sorrow at the Crucifixion
Mercedarians - Notable Mercedarians include ...
Blessed Margarita de Maturana
Blessed Mariana of Jesus
Blessed Mary de Cerevellon
Blessed Peter Armengol
Saint Peter Nolasco
Blessed Peter Paschal
Saint Raymond Nonnatus
Simeon - When Joseph and Mary brought Jesus to the Temple for the purification rites, Simeon announced to them God's plan for the boy (Luke 2:34 )
Napkin - Mary did not want Him to leave, and so she tried to hold Him here
Queen - ) A woman who is the sovereign of a kingdom; a female monarch; as, Elizabeth, queen of England; Mary, queen of Scots
Betrothment - Mary, the mother of the Lord Jesus, was betrothed to Joseph, and he contemplated putting her away privately, but was instructed as to the truth of her condition by the angel of the Lord
Salome - Supposed to be the Virgin Mary's sister. (But see on John 19:25 (See Mary OF CLEOPHAS
Ointment - the word is μύρον, 'oil mingled with fragrant spices:' with such Mary anointed the Lord, and its perfume filled the house, John 12:3,5 ; it was also used by a woman 'which was a sinner
Acts And Monuments - It contains three volumes: the first deals with early Christian persecutions and contains a sketch of medieval church history and an account of the Wyclifite movement in England and on the Continent; the second treats of the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI; and the third gives that of Mary I
Marry - ) Indeed ! in truth ! - a term of asseveration said to have been derived from the practice of swearing by the Virgin Mary
Sisters of Mercy - A congregation of women, founded in 1827 in Dublin, Ireland by Catherine McAuley, in religion known as Sister Mary Catherine. The request was granted and the First General Chapter of the Sisters of Mercy in the United States was opened at Mount Saint Mary's Seminary of the West, Norwood, Ohio on August 26, 1929
Society of Saint Edmund - Founded under the name Oblates of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Immaculate Heart of Mary, Missionaries of Saint Edmund, at Pontigny, France in 1843 by Father Jean Baptiste Muard for the work of missions
Sisters of the Holy Family -(Bordeaux) - The Institute consists of different congregations, each with its distinctive work, garb, and particular rules, but all under a common constitution and directed by the Superior General of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, assisted by a Directress General
Royal Declaration - do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God, profess, testify, and declare, that I do believe that in the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper there is not any Transubstantiation of the elements of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever; and that the invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary or any other Saint, and the Sacrifice of the Mass, as they are now used in the Church of Rome, are superstitious and idolatrous" ...
Brother - In Matthew 12:46-50 13:55,56 Mark 3:31-35 , the brothers of Christ are so mentioned, in connection with his mother and sisters, as almost to require us to believe they were children of Joseph and Mary, younger than Jesus
Hawaii - The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace was dedicated, 1843, and the Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Mary arrived, 1859, to assist in the education of Hawaiian girls
Mag'Dala - The Magdala, which conferred her name on "Mary the Magdalene one of the numerous migdols, i
Overtake - ...
2: προλαμβάνω (Strong's #4301 — Verb — prolambano — prol-am-ban'-o ) "to anticipate" (pro, "before," lambano, "to take"), is used of the act of Mary, in Mark 14:8 [1]; of forestalling the less favored at a social meal, 1 Corinthians 11:21 ; of being "overtaken" in any trespass, Galatians 6:1 , where the meaning is not that of detecting a person in the act, but of his being caught by the trespass, through his being off his guard (see Galatians 5:21 and contrast the premediated practice of evil in Galatians 5:26 )
Gabriel - He announced to Zechariah the coming birth of the Messiah’s forerunner (Luke 1:11-20), and then to Mary the coming birth of the Messiah himself (Luke 1:26-38)
Conventicle - But the 1st of William and Mary, cap. ordains that Protestant dissenters shall be exempted from these penalties; though if they meet in a house with the doors locked, barred, or bolted, such dissenters shall have no benefit from the 1st of William and Mary
Nazareth, Nazarene - Today, the spring is referred to as “Mary's well. ...
The angel went to Nazareth to announce to Mary and Joseph the coming birth of Jesus (Luke 1:26-28 ). Following Jesus' birth in Bethlehem and the sojourn in Egypt, Joseph and Mary returned with Jesus to Nazareth (Matthew 2:19-23 ), where Jesus grew from boyhood to manhood (Luke 2:39-40 ; Luke 4:16 ), being stamped as a Nazarene (Matthew 2:23 ), apparently a midrashic play on the Hebrew term netser , “shoot” in Isaiah 11:1
Beloved Disciple - The beloved disciple was at the cross with Mary, the mother of Jesus, and accepted her into his care (John 19:26-27 ). The beloved disciple and Peter were told by Mary Magdalene that the tomb was open and Jesus' body was not there
Scapular - The rules concerning scapulars are: ...
the investing must be done by an authorized person
the scapular may be given in any place, to any Catholic, even to an infant
it must be worn as described above
if replaced, no blessing is required
if it is laid aside for a considerable time, the benefits are forfeited during that time
The Church has approved 18 kinds of scapulars: ...
Scapular of Mount Carmel
Scapular of Our Lady of Ransom
Scapular of Saint Benedict
Scapular of Saint Dominic
Scapular of Saint Joseph
Scapular of Saint Michael the Archangel
Scapular of the Hearts of Jesus and Mary
Scapular of the Help of the Sick
Scapular of the Holy Face
Scapular of the Immaculate Conception
Scapular of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Scapular of the Most Blessed Trinity
Scapular of the Mother of Good Counsel
Scapular of the Passion (black)
Scapular of the Passion (red)
Scapular of the Precious Blood
Scapular of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Scapular of the Seven Dolors
Genealogy - 1-25 and Luke 3:1-38 , differ from each other; one giving probably the genealogy of Christ's reputed father Joseph, and the other that of his mother Mary. Joseph was the legal father of Christ, and of the same family connections with Mary; so that the Messiah was a descendant of David both by law and "according to the flesh
Joseph - The husband of Mary, Christ's mother. He was a pious and honorable man, as appears from his whole course towards Mary and her son. They both attended the Passover at Jerusalem when Christ was twelve years of age, Luke 2:41-51 ; and as no more is said of him in the sacred narrative, and Christ committed Mary to the care of one of his disciples, he is generally supposed to have died before Christ began his public ministry
Feast of the Immaculate Conception - Also known as Feast of the Immaculate Conception...
Immaculate Conception of Mary...
Mary, the Immaculate Conception...
Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception ...
Memorial December 8, ...
Profile The Blessed Virgin Mary was preserved from the stain of original sin in the first instant of her conception in the womb of her mother. After the declaration, some Protestant writers denounced what they styled Mariolatry (idolatry of Mary). ...
Name Meaning stainless (immaculata) (Latin) ...
Patronage Agra, India, archdiocese of...
Albany, New York, diocese of...
Argentina...
Austin, Texas, diocese of...
Baltimore, Maryland, archdiocese of...
barrel makers...
Bismarck, North Dakota, diocese of...
Brazil...
Brooklyn, New York, diocese of...
Burlington, Vermont, diocese of...
Calgary, Alberta, Canada...
Camden, New Jersey, diocese of...
Cerva, Catanzaro, Italy...
Chicago, Illinois, archdiocese of...
cloth makers...
cloth workers...
Congo...
coopers...
Corsica, France...
Crookston, Minnesota, diocese of...
Denver, Colorado, archdiocese of...
Dhaka, Bangladesh, archdiocese of...
Elphin, Ireland, diocese of...
Equatorial Guinea...
Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, diocese of...
Galveston-Houston>, Texas, archdiocese of...
Guam...
Is-Swieqi, Malta...
Johannesburg, South Africa, diocese of...
Kansas City, Kansas, archdiocese of...
Kansas City - Saint Joseph, Missouri, diocese of...
Keimoes-Upington, South Africa, diocese of...
Lafayette, Louisiana, diocese of...
Malolos, Philippines, diocese of...
military ordinariate of the Philippines...
Mobile, Alabama, archdiocese of...
Nicaragua...
Nueva Segovia, Philippines...
Ogdensburg, New York, diocese of...
Ozamiz, Philippines, archdiocese of...
Panama...
Pasig, Philippines...
Peoria, Illinois, diocese of...
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, archdiocese of...
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, diocese of...
Pondicherry and Cuddalore, India...
Portland, Maine, diocese of...
Portland, Oregon, archdiocese of...
Portugal...
Pueblo, Colorado, diocese of...
Rockford, Illinois, diocese of...
Seattle, Washington, archdiocese of...
Shreveport, Louisiana, diocese of...
soldiers of the United States...
Southwark, England, archdiocese of...
Spanish infantry...
Spokane, Washington, diocese of...
Springfield, Illinois, diocese of...
Swieqi, Malta...
Syracuse, New York, diocese of...
Tanzania...
tapestry workers...
Toa Alto, Puerto Rico...
Torrevieja, Spain...
Tunisia...
Tyler, Texas, diocese of...
United States...
upholsterers...
Virac, Philippines...
Wichita, Kansas, diocese of...
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions...
Ad Diem Illum Laetissiumum: On the Immaculate Conception, by Pope Saint Pius X...
Fulgens Corona: Proclaiming a Marian year to Commemorate the Centenary of the Definition of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception, Venerable Pope Pius XII...
Ineffabilis Deus: The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX...
Ubi Primum: On The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX...
Translate español | français | deutsch | italiano | português ...
Immaculate Conception - Also known as Feast of the Immaculate Conception...
Immaculate Conception of Mary...
Mary, the Immaculate Conception...
Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception ...
Memorial December 8, ...
Profile The Blessed Virgin Mary was preserved from the stain of original sin in the first instant of her conception in the womb of her mother. After the declaration, some Protestant writers denounced what they styled Mariolatry (idolatry of Mary). ...
Name Meaning stainless (immaculata) (Latin) ...
Patronage Agra, India, archdiocese of...
Albany, New York, diocese of...
Argentina...
Austin, Texas, diocese of...
Baltimore, Maryland, archdiocese of...
barrel makers...
Bismarck, North Dakota, diocese of...
Brazil...
Brooklyn, New York, diocese of...
Burlington, Vermont, diocese of...
Calgary, Alberta, Canada...
Camden, New Jersey, diocese of...
Cerva, Catanzaro, Italy...
Chicago, Illinois, archdiocese of...
cloth makers...
cloth workers...
Congo...
coopers...
Corsica, France...
Crookston, Minnesota, diocese of...
Denver, Colorado, archdiocese of...
Dhaka, Bangladesh, archdiocese of...
Elphin, Ireland, diocese of...
Equatorial Guinea...
Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, diocese of...
Galveston-Houston>, Texas, archdiocese of...
Guam...
Is-Swieqi, Malta...
Johannesburg, South Africa, diocese of...
Kansas City, Kansas, archdiocese of...
Kansas City - Saint Joseph, Missouri, diocese of...
Keimoes-Upington, South Africa, diocese of...
Lafayette, Louisiana, diocese of...
Malolos, Philippines, diocese of...
military ordinariate of the Philippines...
Mobile, Alabama, archdiocese of...
Nicaragua...
Nueva Segovia, Philippines...
Ogdensburg, New York, diocese of...
Ozamiz, Philippines, archdiocese of...
Panama...
Pasig, Philippines...
Peoria, Illinois, diocese of...
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, archdiocese of...
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, diocese of...
Pondicherry and Cuddalore, India...
Portland, Maine, diocese of...
Portland, Oregon, archdiocese of...
Portugal...
Pueblo, Colorado, diocese of...
Rockford, Illinois, diocese of...
Seattle, Washington, archdiocese of...
Shreveport, Louisiana, diocese of...
soldiers of the United States...
Southwark, England, archdiocese of...
Spanish infantry...
Spokane, Washington, diocese of...
Springfield, Illinois, diocese of...
Swieqi, Malta...
Syracuse, New York, diocese of...
Tanzania...
tapestry workers...
Toa Alto, Puerto Rico...
Torrevieja, Spain...
Tunisia...
Tyler, Texas, diocese of...
United States...
upholsterers...
Virac, Philippines...
Wichita, Kansas, diocese of...
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions...
Ad Diem Illum Laetissiumum: On the Immaculate Conception, by Pope Saint Pius X...
Fulgens Corona: Proclaiming a Marian year to Commemorate the Centenary of the Definition of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception, Venerable Pope Pius XII...
Ineffabilis Deus: The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX...
Ubi Primum: On The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX...
Translate español | français | deutsch | italiano | português ...
Immaculate Conception, Feast of the - Also known as Feast of the Immaculate Conception...
Immaculate Conception of Mary...
Mary, the Immaculate Conception...
Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception ...
Memorial December 8, ...
Profile The Blessed Virgin Mary was preserved from the stain of original sin in the first instant of her conception in the womb of her mother. After the declaration, some Protestant writers denounced what they styled Mariolatry (idolatry of Mary). ...
Name Meaning stainless (immaculata) (Latin) ...
Patronage Agra, India, archdiocese of...
Albany, New York, diocese of...
Argentina...
Austin, Texas, diocese of...
Baltimore, Maryland, archdiocese of...
barrel makers...
Bismarck, North Dakota, diocese of...
Brazil...
Brooklyn, New York, diocese of...
Burlington, Vermont, diocese of...
Calgary, Alberta, Canada...
Camden, New Jersey, diocese of...
Cerva, Catanzaro, Italy...
Chicago, Illinois, archdiocese of...
cloth makers...
cloth workers...
Congo...
coopers...
Corsica, France...
Crookston, Minnesota, diocese of...
Denver, Colorado, archdiocese of...
Dhaka, Bangladesh, archdiocese of...
Elphin, Ireland, diocese of...
Equatorial Guinea...
Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, diocese of...
Galveston-Houston>, Texas, archdiocese of...
Guam...
Is-Swieqi, Malta...
Johannesburg, South Africa, diocese of...
Kansas City, Kansas, archdiocese of...
Kansas City - Saint Joseph, Missouri, diocese of...
Keimoes-Upington, South Africa, diocese of...
Lafayette, Louisiana, diocese of...
Malolos, Philippines, diocese of...
military ordinariate of the Philippines...
Mobile, Alabama, archdiocese of...
Nicaragua...
Nueva Segovia, Philippines...
Ogdensburg, New York, diocese of...
Ozamiz, Philippines, archdiocese of...
Panama...
Pasig, Philippines...
Peoria, Illinois, diocese of...
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, archdiocese of...
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, diocese of...
Pondicherry and Cuddalore, India...
Portland, Maine, diocese of...
Portland, Oregon, archdiocese of...
Portugal...
Pueblo, Colorado, diocese of...
Rockford, Illinois, diocese of...
Seattle, Washington, archdiocese of...
Shreveport, Louisiana, diocese of...
soldiers of the United States...
Southwark, England, archdiocese of...
Spanish infantry...
Spokane, Washington, diocese of...
Springfield, Illinois, diocese of...
Swieqi, Malta...
Syracuse, New York, diocese of...
Tanzania...
tapestry workers...
Toa Alto, Puerto Rico...
Torrevieja, Spain...
Tunisia...
Tyler, Texas, diocese of...
United States...
upholsterers...
Virac, Philippines...
Wichita, Kansas, diocese of...
Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions...
Ad Diem Illum Laetissiumum: On the Immaculate Conception, by Pope Saint Pius X...
Fulgens Corona: Proclaiming a Marian year to Commemorate the Centenary of the Definition of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception, Venerable Pope Pius XII...
Ineffabilis Deus: The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX...
Ubi Primum: On The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX...
Translate español | français | deutsch | italiano | português ...
Anne, Saint - The belief that Anne, in the conception and birth of Mary, remained a virgin was condemned by the Holy See, 1677
Florence, Italy, City of - The city was the seat of the Seventeenth AEcumenical Council (1438-1445), the home of many saints (Catherine de' Ricci, Mary Magdalen de Pazzi, Philip Neri), and the birthplace of Dante, Giotto, Fra Angelico, Donatello, and of six popes
Institute of Mary - Founded by Mary Ward at Rome, 1633; reconstituted from her first congregation suppressed in 1630. The work of the Institute is educational (primary, secondary, and university), principally for girls
Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Founded by Mary Ward at Rome, 1633; reconstituted from her first congregation suppressed in 1630. The work of the Institute is educational (primary, secondary, and university), principally for girls
Felix Lope de Vega Carpio - As typical of his work may be mentioned the pastoral "Pastores de Belen"; the epics "Corona tragica" (dealing with Mary Stuart) and "Angelica"; the historical poem Dragon tea, an attack on Drake; an autobiographical novel "Dorotea"; and the plays "EI Castigo sin Venganza," "La Estrella de Sevilla," and "Amar sin Saber a Quien
Marist Fathers - The Society of Mary has taken a firm hold in the United States and even extended into Mexico
Fathers, Marist - The Society of Mary has taken a firm hold in the United States and even extended into Mexico
Newark, New Jersey, City of - Saint Patrick's pro-cathedral was commenced, 1846, but meantime opposition was intense and culminated in the anti-Catholic riot of 1854, in which the Benedictine church of Saint Mary was desecrated and severely damaged, one Catholic killed, and several wounded. The new Saint Mary's was built, 1856, a priory (later an abbey) and college being soon added
John Shea - Son of James Shea, an Irish immigrant and school principal, and Mary Ann (Flannigan) Shea. The John Gilmary Shea Papers, a collection of correspondence, manuscripts, and research materials, are preserved in the Georgetown University Library (Special Collections Division)
Nathan - ...
...
A son of David, by Bathsheba (2 Samuel 5:14 ), whose name appears in the genealogy of Mary, the mother of our Lord (Luke 3:31 )
Loretto Nuns - Founded by Mary Ward at Rome, 1633; reconstituted from her first congregation suppressed in 1630. The work of the Institute is educational (primary, secondary, and university), principally for girls
Lope de Vega Carpio, Felix - As typical of his work may be mentioned the pastoral "Pastores de Belen"; the epics "Corona tragica" (dealing with Mary Stuart) and "Angelica"; the historical poem Dragon tea, an attack on Drake; an autobiographical novel "Dorotea"; and the plays "EI Castigo sin Venganza," "La Estrella de Sevilla," and "Amar sin Saber a Quien
Miriam - ...
The name Miriam becomes in Greek Mariam and Mariamne, also Maria, our Mary and is probably of Egyptian derivation ( mer Amon , ‘beloved of Amon’)
Glasgow University - The university occupied a site on High Street, 1460-1870, to which Mary Queen of Scots contributed 13 acres; it was almost completely destroyed at the Reformation
Henry Coleridge - (1822-1893) Writer and preacher, born Ottery Saint Mary, Devonshire, England; died Roehampton
English Ladies, the - Founded by Mary Ward at Rome, 1633; reconstituted from her first congregation suppressed in 1630. The work of the Institute is educational (primary, secondary, and university), principally for girls
Mark, Marcus - ' When Peter was miraculously delivered from prison he resorted to the house of Mary, who was Mark's mother
Dove - They were the offering of the poorer classes; hence made by Mary
Religious of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Sheph - A branch of the order of Our Lady of Charity of the Refuge, founded by Saint John Eudes at Caen, France, 1641; the government of the order was centralized by Saint Mary Euphrasia Pelletier, who established a mother-house at Angers in 1835 with the approval of the Holy See and under the title of the present Institute
Society of Mary (Fathers) - The Society of Mary has taken a firm hold in the United States and even extended into Mexico
University, Glasgow - The university occupied a site on High Street, 1460-1870, to which Mary Queen of Scots contributed 13 acres; it was almost completely destroyed at the Reformation
Shea, John Dawson Gilmary - Son of James Shea, an Irish immigrant and school principal, and Mary Ann (Flannigan) Shea. The John Gilmary Shea Papers, a collection of correspondence, manuscripts, and research materials, are preserved in the Georgetown University Library (Special Collections Division)
Hannah - Features in her thanksgiving prayer reappear in the thanksgiving prayer of Mary the mother of Jesus (1 Samuel 2:1-10; cf
Liguorians - Society of missionary priests founded, 1732, by Saint Alphonsus Mary Liguori, at Scala, Italy, for the purpose of laboring among the neglected country people in the neighborhood of Naples. The congregation was introduced into Poland, in 1786, by Saint Clemens Mary Hofbauer and Father Thaddeus Hubl
Simeon - When he saw Mary presenting her baby to God in the temple, he praised God that the great Saviour had come (Luke 2:22-32). He also warned Mary that sorrow lay ahead for her because of what people would do to her son (Luke 2:33-35)
Matthew - Mary, the mother of James, keeps the vigil at the foot of the cross with Mary, the mother of Jesus (Matthew 27:55-56 ; Mark 15:40 )
Miraculous Conception - By this is meant, that the human nature of Jesus Christ was formed, not in the ordinary method of generation, but out of the substance of the Virgin Mary, by the immediate operation of the Holy Ghost. Horsley speaks in his sermon on the incarnation, the union with the uncreated Word is the very principle of personality and individual existence in the son of Mary
Redemptorists - Society of missionary priests founded, 1732, by Saint Alphonsus Mary Liguori, at Scala, Italy, for the purpose of laboring among the neglected country people in the neighborhood of Naples. The congregation was introduced into Poland, in 1786, by Saint Clemens Mary Hofbauer and Father Thaddeus Hubl
Persis - It is noteworthy that the verb κοπιᾶν, which suggests painstaking effort, is used in Romans 16 only of women-of Mary (Romans 16:6), of Tryphaena and Tryphosa (Romans 16:12), and that the description of Persis includes the terms used of these, viz. πολλὰ ἐκοπίασεν (Mary), κοπιώσας ἐν κυρίῳ (Tryphaena and Tryphosa)
James - ...
He may be “James the younger,” whose mother, Mary, was among the women at Jesus' crucifixion and tomb (Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 24:10 ). In John 19:25 , this Mary is called the wife of Cleophas, perhaps to be identified with Alphaeus. See Cleophas ; Mary
Immanuel - When the angel appeared to Joseph in a dream, he learned that his fianc Mary was "with child through the Holy Spirit" and would give birth to a son named "Immanuel" (Matthew 1:18,23 ). ...
The birth of Immanuel to the virgin Mary fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah 7:14 , the sign given to Ahaz about seven hundred years earlier. Unlike Mary she was not a virgin after she became pregnant. Matthew's use of this verse was extraordinarily appropriate in light of Mary's unique virginity and the incarnation of Jesus, who was God in the flesh
Oblates of Saint Ambrose - Installed at Saint Mary of the Angels, Bayswater, they undertook various Apostolic labors in the dioceses of Westminster and Southwark, especially in reviving the English secular clergy
Oblates of Saint Charles - Installed at Saint Mary of the Angels, Bayswater, they undertook various Apostolic labors in the dioceses of Westminster and Southwark, especially in reviving the English secular clergy
Holy Innocents - Relics partly in Saint Paul's-Outside-the-Walls and in Saint Mary Major, Rome
Innocents, Holy - Relics partly in Saint Paul's-Outside-the-Walls and in Saint Mary Major, Rome
Visitandines - Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque was a religious of this order
Manger - The upper platform, reached by steps, was probably occupied by the inn and its occupants; the lower level, from which the steps arose, was usually appropriated to cattle and goats, and on this occasion was used by Joseph and Mary on account of the crowded state of the regular inn or khan
Deaconess - "...
The earliest instance of such female ministers (though of course not then formally appointed) is in Luke 8:2-3; "Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Susanna, and many others which ministered unto Him of their substance
Nazareth - Here, however, lived Mary and Joseph
Nuns of the Visitation of Mary - Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque was a religious of this order
Augustus - He ruled the Roman Empire, including Palestine, when Jesus was born and ordered the taxation that brought Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem (Luke 2:1 )
Galesians - Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque was a religious of this order
Visitation - ) A festival in honor of the visit of the Virgin Mary to Elisabeth, mother of John the Baptist, celebrated on the second of July
Virgin - 1: παρθένος (Strong's #3933 — Noun Feminine — parthenos — par-then'-os ) is used (a) of "the Virgin Mary," Matthew 1:23 ; Luke 1:27 ; (b) of the ten "virgins" in the parable, Matthew 25:1,7,11 ; (c) of the "daughters" of Philip the evangelist, Acts 21:9 ; (d) those concerning whom the Apostle Paul gives instructions regarding marriage, 1 Corinthians 7:25,28,34 ; in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38 , the subject passes to that of "virgin daughters" (RV), which almost certainly formed one of the subjects upon which the church at Corinth sent for instructions from the Apostle; one difficulty was relative to the discredit which might be brought upon a father (or guardian), if he allowed his daughter or ward to grow old unmarried
Lady - ...
(2):...
The day of the annunciation of the Virgin Mary, March 25
Visitation Nuns - Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque was a religious of this order
Incarnation, the - Thistruth is embodied for us in the Creed, in the words, "Jesus Christ,His Only Son our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, Born ofthe Virgin Mary
Mary - We meet with many of the name of Mary in the New Testament:...
·The Virgin Mary. ...
·Mary, the mother of James and John. ...
·Mary, the mother of Mark. ...
·Mary, the wife of Cleophas. ...
·Mary, called also Salome. ...
·Mary, a pious woman whom the apostle Paul mentions. (Romans 16:6)...
The word of God has recorded the names of those women as followers of the Lord Jesus, and from the interest they took in what concerned Christ; but with their history farther, excepting the Virgin Mary, and Mary Magdalene, we are not much acquainted. Concerning the Virgin Mary, we are most highly interested to have the clearest apprehension of her person and history, in that part which concerns the incarnation of the Lord Jesus; and therefore, in a work of this...
kind, I should consider it most highly deficient, if it were wholly passed over. I mean however, to be very brief upon, it, and only say enough to convey, to that class of readers for whom this Concordance is designed, clear apprehensions in what light the holy Scriptures explain to us the miraculous conception of Mary, and the incarnation of the Lord Jesus. Then turn to the evangelist Luke, (Luke 1:35) where we find, at the visit of the angel to Mary, to inform her of the miraculous conception, when Mary expressed her astonishment at the salutation, and modestly intimated the impossibility of the thing, the angel made this remarkable answer: "The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore, also, that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. Here then we see in what view we are to consider the incarnation of the Lord Jesus, and of consequence the person and character of the Virgin Mary
Christian Science - (Church of Christ, Scientist) American sect chartered by Mrs Mary Baker Glover (Patterson) Eddy at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1879. The foundress, Mary A
Joseph, Litany of Saint - ...
Holy Mary, Pray for us. ...
O God, You were pleased to choose Saint Joseph as the husband of Mary and the guardian of your Son
Litany of Saint Joseph - ...
Holy Mary, Pray for us. ...
O God, You were pleased to choose Saint Joseph as the husband of Mary and the guardian of your Son
Henry Viii, King - His life, however, had not been stainless ; he had immoral relations with Elizabeth Blount and Mary Boleyn. About 1521 he conceived a violent passion for Mary's sister, Anne, and having only a daughter (later Queen Mary) by Catherine, he endeavored to procure a divorce on the grounds of nullity
Science, Christian - (Church of Christ, Scientist) American sect chartered by Mrs Mary Baker Glover (Patterson) Eddy at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1879. The foundress, Mary A
Simeon - It had been revealed to him that he should not die before he had seen the Christ so long promised; and he therefore came into the temple, promoted by inspiration, just at the time when Joseph and Mary presented our Savior there, in obedience to the law. Simeon took the child in his arms, gave thanks to God, and blessed Joseph and Mary
Feet (2) - It is employed in phrases which express worthlessness (‘to be trodden under foot,’ Matthew 5:13), supplication (‘fell at his feet,’ Mark 5:22; Mark 7:25), great honour or reverence (Luke 7:38-46 the woman who kissed Jesus’ feet; John 11:2 Mary; Matthew 28:9 ‘held him by the feet’), ignorant or blasphemous contempt (Matthew Mat_7:6 ‘trample under foot’), righteous condemnation or rejection (Matthew 10:14 ‘shake dust off feet’), salvation through sacrifice (Matthew 18:8 || Mark 9:45 cutting off hand or foot), discipleship (Luke 8:35 cured demoniac sitting at Jesus’ feet; Luke 10:39 Mary), helplessness (Matthew 22:13 ‘bind hand and foot’), complete triumph (Matthew 22:44, Mark 12:36 || Luke 20:43 enemies of Messianic King put under His feet), absolute safety (Matthew 4:6 || Luke 4:11 ‘lest thou dash thy foot against a stone’), subjection (Matthew 5:35 earth the footstool of God’s feet). ); and Mary of Bethany showed her great love and gratitude in a similar fashion, when she lavished the contents of her alabaster cruse of precious spikenard (John 11:2; John 12:3; cf. At Jesus’ feet the restored demoniac sat (Luke 8:35), like Mary afterwards when she ‘heard his word’ (Luke 10:39). It was His feet that the two Marys clung to when they first met Jesus on the Resurrection morning
Ave Maria - —This well-known devotion of the Latin Church is based upon the salutations addressed to the Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel and by Elisabeth the mother of John the Baptist (Luke 1:28; Luke 1:42). Its earlier and shorter form follows closely the words of Scripture, with the addition only of the names ‘Mary’ and ‘Jesus’; ‘Hail (Mary), full of grace; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb (Jesus). : ‘Holy Mary, mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and in the hour of our death. ’...
It is fair to remember that, whatever lines the devotions to Mary ultimately followed, they were, in their original intention, undoubtedly devotions to Christ. Not only was Christ perfect God, but He was truly conceived and born of a human mother, so that the Son of Mary is indissolubly God and man in one person. The devotions addressed to His mother were therefore a commemoration of the intimate union between the Godhead and human nature, of which union Mary was both the willing instrument and the sign. —Addis and Arnold, A Catholic Dictionary, 1897; Wright and Neil, A Protestant Dictionary, 1904; Bodington, Books of Devotion, 1903; Procter, A History of the Book of Common Prayer, 1884; Maskell, Monumenta Ritualia, 1846; the Breviarium Romanum; The Hours of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Preface), Percival & Co
University of Oxford -
Lincoln, founded 1427, by Richard Fleming and Thomas Rotherham, Bishops of Lincoln, in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary and All Saints, to educate divines to preach against the Wycliffian heresy.
New College (always so named), founded 1379, by William de Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, as the College of Saint Mary of Winchester, but called "New" as there was already a Saint Mary's College (Oriel).
Oriel, founded 1326, by King Edward II, dedicated to Saint Mary the Virgin, and so called until 1439; center of the Oxford Movement
Missionaries of la Salette - See also these Missionary provice sites,ds ...
Province of Mary, Mother of the Americas
Our Lady of La Salette, Brazil
Our Lady of La Salette czech
la Salette, Missionaries of - See also these Missionary provice sites,ds ...
Province of Mary, Mother of the Americas
Our Lady of La Salette, Brazil
Our Lady of La Salette czech
Nebraska - ...
Catholic influence on the place-names of the state is shown in the following: ...
Loretto
Sacramento
Saint Ann
Saint Columbans
Saint Edward
Saint Helena
Saint Libory
Saint Mary
Saint Michael
Saint Paul
Ecclesiastically the state is governed by the archdiocese of ...
Omaha
and the dioceses of ...
Grand Island
Lincoln
See also ...
patron saints index
Feasts or Festivals -     Virgin Mary
Gabriel - In Luke 1:26-38 he appears to the Virgin Mary and announces the birth of a son to her; here again he says what the name of the child is to be: ‘Thou shalt call his name Jesus
Marble - ‘The Emperor obtained this result, seconded by his friend and minister, Agrippa, and succeeded in leaving behind him truly a city of marble, to which the Pantheon bears sufficient witness’ (Mary W
Habsburgs - In 1477 Maximilian acquired by marriage with the heiress Mary, the domain of the ducal house of Burgundy, and in 1490 by the abdication of Count Sigismund all the Habsburg domains were united
Sister - Mary gave birth to at least six other children besides JESUS
Edward vi - Crowned at the age of nine, he died when he was but sixteen, and was buried in Henry VII's Chapel by Cranmer with Protestant rites, while his sister Mary, whom he had continually harassed for her adherence to the Faith, had Mass said for him in the Tower
Mark or Marcus - As he was the son of that Mary at whose house in Jerusalem the apostles were wont to convene, so it is probable that he was particularly instructed in the doctrines of Christianity by Peter, who on the account calls him son, 1 Peter 5:13
Zerubbabel or Zorobabel - We know nothing further of his history, except that from him both Joseph and Mary descended, Matthew 1:13 Luke 3:27
James - His mother's name was Mary, (3) and his brethren were Joses and Judas, (3) Matthew 27:56, Mark 15:40 . ...
"The Lord's brother," Galatians 1:19 ; either a brother a Christ, being a son of Joseph and Mary; or as many think, a cousin of Christ, and identical with the James above, 2
Egypt - ), Joseph and Mary with the Child set out for Egypt at cock-crow, and reach a great city and temple with an idol to whose shrine the other idols of Egypt send gifts. Thereafter Joseph and Mary depart, being afraid lest the Egyptians should burn them to death because of the destruction of the idol. ) two handits are encountered, whose names are given as Titus and Dumachus, the former of whom bribes his companion not to molest Joseph and Mary; and the child Jesus foretells His crucifixion at Jerusalem thirty years later with these two robbers, and that Titus shall precede Him into Paradise. ) records the number of attendants, with riding animals, a waggon, pack-oxen and asses, sheep and rams, that set out with Joseph and Mary from Judaea. A palm-tree bends down its boughs that Mary may pluck the fruit; and as a reward a branch of it is carried by an angel to Paradise. The angel directs Mary to return, and she goes with the child to Nazareth
Egypt - ), Joseph and Mary with the Child set out for Egypt at cock-crow, and reach a great city and temple with an idol to whose shrine the other idols of Egypt send gifts. Thereafter Joseph and Mary depart, being afraid lest the Egyptians should burn them to death because of the destruction of the idol. ) two handits are encountered, whose names are given as Titus and Dumachus, the former of whom bribes his companion not to molest Joseph and Mary; and the child Jesus foretells His crucifixion at Jerusalem thirty years later with these two robbers, and that Titus shall precede Him into Paradise. ) records the number of attendants, with riding animals, a waggon, pack-oxen and asses, sheep and rams, that set out with Joseph and Mary from Judaea. A palm-tree bends down its boughs that Mary may pluck the fruit; and as a reward a branch of it is carried by an angel to Paradise. The angel directs Mary to return, and she goes with the child to Nazareth
Anointing (2) - In the ancient world, Jewish and pagan alike, it was customary to refresh guests at banquets by pouring cool and fragrant ointment on their heads. He was a Pharisee of the better sort, yet he shared the pride of his order and put a difference betwixt Jesus and the other guests, withholding from Him the customary courtesies: the kiss of welcome, the ablution of the feet, the anointing of the head. And what part did Mary take? She entered the room with her hair loose and an alabaster vase of precious ointment in her hand, and, approaching the Lord’s couch, poured the ointment over His feet and wiped them with her hair. See Mary. ); (c) at Bethany by Mary (Jn. ’...
It hardly admits of reasonable doubt that there were two anointings, one in the house of Simon the Pharisee, and the other by Mary in the house of Simon the Leper at Bethany. See Mary. 91–92; Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible, articles ‘Anointing’ and ‘Mary’; Expositor, 1st ser. In Mark 14:8 Jesus says of the gracious act of Mary of Bethany in anointing Him at the feast, ‘She hath anointed (μυρίζω fr. And in Mark 16:1 we read how Mary Magdalene and the other women went to the sepulchre to anoint (ἀλείφω) the dead body of the Saviour (cf
English Post Reformation Oaths - The Oath of Royal Supremacy introduced by Henry VIII, 1534, repealed by Mary and revived by Elizabeth, was chiefiy concerned with the succession. The Quebec Acts 1771, was the first tolerant measure for Catholics since Mary's reign
Oaths, English Post Reformation - The Oath of Royal Supremacy introduced by Henry VIII, 1534, repealed by Mary and revived by Elizabeth, was chiefiy concerned with the succession. The Quebec Acts 1771, was the first tolerant measure for Catholics since Mary's reign
Matthew Parker - Vice-chancellor of Cambridge, at the accession of Mary Tudor he resigned
Cecil, William, Baron Burghley - Cecil's "dark and intriguing mind" greatly influenced Elizabeth's policy against Mary, Queen of Scots, whose death he advised and was instrumental in securing
Turtle, Turtle-Dove - A pair was offered in sacrifice by Mary at her purification (Luke 2:24 )
Mark - John whose surname was Mark, Acts 12:12, was the son of Mary, a woman of piety who lived at Jerusalem
Marry - 1 Timothy 5 ...
MAR'RY, a term of asseveration, is said to have been derived from the practice of swearing by the virgin Mary
Bethany - (Example Mary and Martha at the grave) He reminded them that only He Himself could cleanse from the leprosy of sin
Aloes - ...
It may have been a part of the spices brought by Mary in joh12, when she made fragrant those garments which JESUS was to wear during His last week on earth before Calvary
Antidikomarianitae - Antidikomarianitae ( Ἀντιδικομαριανίται = Adversaries of Mary: Epiph
Ecuador - ...
Archdioceses, past and present, include ...
Cuenca
Guayaquil
Portoviejo
Quito
Dioceses, past and present, include: ...
Ambato
Azogues
Babahoyo
Guaranda
Ibarra
Latacunga
Loja
Machala
Riobamba
Santo Domingo de los Colorados
Tulcán
Vicarates Apostolic include: ...
Aguarico
Esmeraldas
Méndez
Napo
Puyo
San Miguel de Sucumbíos
Zamora en Ecuador
Other ecclesiastical divisions include: ...
Ecuador Military Ordinariate
Galápagos
Saint and beati with an Ecuadoran connection include ...
Maria Caridad Brader
Miguel Febres Cordero Muñoz
Mary Ann de Paredes
Mercedes Maria of Jesus
Mercedes Maria of Jesus
See also: ...
World Fact Book
Catholic-Hierarchy
Beth'Any - Bethany was the home of Mary and Martha and Lazarus, and is now known by a name derived from Lazarus-- el-Azariyeh or Lazarieh
Simeon - One of the ancestors of Mary, Luke 3:30, A
William Cecil, Baron Burghley - Cecil's "dark and intriguing mind" greatly influenced Elizabeth's policy against Mary, Queen of Scots, whose death he advised and was instrumental in securing
Beth'Any - Bethany was the home of Mary and Martha and Lazarus, and is now known by a name derived from Lazarus-- el-Azariyeh or Lazarieh
Name, the Christian - In formerdays people in general had only one name, as John, Henry, Mary,etc
Montallegro - A sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Liguria, Italy, near Rapallo, built about 1557
Fontevrault, Abbey of - When Mary of Brittany became abbess, 1457, she appointed a commission of religious of several orders to draw up a specific rule based on the rules of Saint Benedict, Saint Augustine, Blessed Robert, and the Acts of Visitations
Fontevrault, Order of - When Mary of Brittany became abbess, 1457, she appointed a commission of religious of several orders to draw up a specific rule based on the rules of Saint Benedict, Saint Augustine, Blessed Robert, and the Acts of Visitations
Order of Fontevrault - When Mary of Brittany became abbess, 1457, she appointed a commission of religious of several orders to draw up a specific rule based on the rules of Saint Benedict, Saint Augustine, Blessed Robert, and the Acts of Visitations
Nazareth - By 570 the dwelling of Mary had been converted into a basilica and in the 7th century the church of the Nutrition of Jesus was erected
Holy Childhood, Association of the - Children may be enrolled in this association immediately after Baptism, by contributing one cent monthly, and reciting a Hail Mary daily, for the poor pagans
Holy Hour, the - It was taught as a practise to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque by Our Lord Himself, who appeared to her in 1673, as she was in adoration before the Blessed Sacrament
Abbey of Fontevrault - When Mary of Brittany became abbess, 1457, she appointed a commission of religious of several orders to draw up a specific rule based on the rules of Saint Benedict, Saint Augustine, Blessed Robert, and the Acts of Visitations
Association of the Holy Childhood - Children may be enrolled in this association immediately after Baptism, by contributing one cent monthly, and reciting a Hail Mary daily, for the poor pagans
Archelaus - He decided to take Mary and the child Jesus to Galilee when they returned from Egypt rather than go to Judea (Matthew 2:22 )
Dorotheus (7), Bishop of Martianopolis - Preaching in Constantinople not long before the council of Ephesus, he declared that "if any one asserted that Mary was the mother of God he was anathema" (Ep
Catholic Indian Missions of Canada - The Oblates of Mary Immaculate arrived in Canada 1841, began their labors along the Saint Lawrence, and gradually extended their missionary work over the entire country. ...
Among the missionaries who labored in Canada were: the Jesuits Bressani, Chaumonot, Massé, Brébeuf, Chabanel, Daniel, Garnier, Lalemant, Labrosse, Nobili, and Du Rancquet; the Recollects Jamay, Dolbeau, Le Caron, who prepared a dictionary of the Huron language; Sagard, the historian of the early Catholic missions in Canada, and Hennepin; the Sulpicians De Queylus, Souart, Picquet, Mathevet, who prepared a dictionary of the Abenaki language; Thavenet, Guichart, and Cuocq; the Oblates of Mary Immaculate Durocher, Tache, Faraud, Grollier, called the Apostle of the Arctic Circle; Grandin, and D'Herbomez; and the secular priests Brabant, Nicoloye, and Demers
Saints, Litany of the - ...
Holy Mary, Mother of God. ...
Saint Mary Magdalene, Pray for us
Bethany - Associated with the closing days of the Lord Jesus, the home of the family whom He loved, Mary, Martha. and Lazarus where He raised Lazarus froth the dead; from whence He made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem; His nightly abode each of the six nights preceding His betrayal; where at the house of Simon the leper He was anointed by Mary (Mark 14:3); and where, most of all, we are introduced to the home circle of His private life. The anointing by Mary, introduced by Mark, after mention of the chief priests' plot "two days" before the Passover, is not in chronological order, for it was six days before the Passover (John 12), but stands here parenthetically, to account for Judas' spite against Jesus
Matthew, Saint - His name occurs several times in the New Testament (Luke 6; Mark 3; Acts 1); he witnessed the Resurrection; was present at the Ascension, and in the upper chamber in Jerusalem with Mary, the Mother of Jesus, and his brethren (Acts 1)
Bethesda - Ganneau identifies with the church of Anne, mother of Mary, Beit Hanna, really actually Bethesda, "house of grace
Salome -
The wife of Zebedee and mother of James and John (Matthew 27:56 ), and probably the sister of Mary, the mother of our Lord (John 19:25 )
Tryphaena - The verb, which suggests painstaking effort, is used in Romans 16 of women only-of Mary (Romans 16:6), of Persis (Romans 16:12)-but elsewhere describes apostolic and other ministerial labours
Mark, John - He was the son of Mary in whose home the Jerusalem believers met to pray when Peter was imprisoned by Herod Agrippa I (Acts 12:12 )
Apostolic Fathers - Besides the above there are six apocryphal 'Gospels,' a dozen 'Acts,' four 'Revelations,' the 'Passing away of Mary,' etc
Considerateness - Mary to hustling by the mob, or to syllable names which would have been repeated by irreverent tongues. The post-resurrection sayings to Mary Magdalene (John 20:15; John 20:18), to St
Jesus - ...
In the "fulness of time" he was born at Bethlehem, in the reign of the emperor Augustus, of Mary, who was betrothed to Joseph, a carpenter (Matthew 1:1 ; Luke 3:23 ; Compare John 7:42 ). Herod's cruel jealousy led to Joseph's flight into Egypt with Mary and the infant Jesus, where they tarried till the death of this king (Matthew 2:13-23 ), when they returned and settled in Nazareth, in Lower Galilee (2:23; Compare Luke 4:16 ; John 1:46 , etc
Apocrypha, New Testament - The Protoevangelium of James seems to have been written to glorify Mary. It includes the miraculous birth of Mary, her presentation in the Temple, her espousal to Joseph (an old man with children), and the miraculous birth of Jesus. This second-century work was extremely popular and undoubtedly had an influence on later views of Mary, the mother of Jesus. ” As legend continued to expand, many later infancy gospels developed including the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy, the Armenian Gospel of the Infancy , the Gospel of Pseudo- Matthew , the Latin Infancy Gospel , the Life of John According to Serapion , the Gospel of the Birth of Mary , the Assumption of the Virgin , and the History of Joseph the Carpenter . Other gospels in this class include those under the names of Holy Women (for example, the Questions of Mary and the Gospel According to Mary ), and those attributed to a chief heretic such as Cerinthus, Basilides, and Marcion. ”...
Other important apocryphal epistles include the Correspondence of Christ and Abgar , the Epistle to the Alexandrians , the Epistle of Titus , of Peter to James , of Peter to Philip , and of Mary to Ignatius . Other apocalypses include the Apocalypse of James, of Stephen, of Thomas, of the Virgin Mary , and several works discovered at Nag Hammadi
Joseph - Several Josephs are mentioned in the New Testament, the most important being the husband of Mary, mother of Jesus. Upon learning of Mary's pregnancy, Joseph, being a righteous man, sought to put her away without public disgrace. Joseph took Mary to his ancestral home, Bethlehem, was with her at Jesus' birth, and shared in the naming, circumcision, and dedication of the child (Luke 2:8-33 ). As dedicated father, he was anxious with Mary at the disappearance of Jesus (Luke 2:41-48 )
Devotion to the Sacred Heart - Though this devotion was practised by saintly souls before 1675, it is due to the apparitions of our Lord to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque in the Visitation Monastery at Paray-le-Monial that the feast of the Sacred Heart is now kept on the day assigned by Our Lord
Basilica - As the priest was supposed always to face the east, basilicas were built with the entrance facade toward the east when he faced the congregation and toward the west when it became customary for him to turn his back to them. Among the most notable are those of Saint Peter, Saint John Lateran, and Saint Mary Major, Rome, and Saint Francis Assisi
Sacred Heart, Devotion to the - Though this devotion was practised by saintly souls before 1675, it is due to the apparitions of our Lord to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque in the Visitation Monastery at Paray-le-Monial that the feast of the Sacred Heart is now kept on the day assigned by Our Lord
James - Passing over the father of Joseph the husband of the Virgin Mary, according to St. Their mother’s name was Salome, who was probably a sister of the Virgin Mary (see art. He is mentioned as the son of a Mary, probably the wife of Clopas, one of the four women, of whom the other three were Mary the Lord’s mother, Mary Magdalene, and Salome, present at the crucifixion. This Mary, with Mary Magdalene, remained to see where Jesus was buried
Kentucky - Among the pioneer Catholics who settled in Kentucky, 1774, were the first resident physician, Doctor George Hart, and the mistress of the first school, Mrs William Coomes, who accompanied her husband and family from Maryland. ...
Archdioceses, past and present, include ...
Louisville
Dioceses, past and present, include: ...
Bardstown
Covington
Lexington
Owensboro
Catholic influence on the place-names of the state is shown in the following: ...
Cardinal
Christmas
Gethsemane
Holy Cross
Loretto
Mount Carmel
Nazareth
Sacramento
Saint Catharine
Saint Charles
Saint Helen's
Saint John
Saint Joseph
Saint Mary
Saint Mary's City
Saint Paul
Saint Vincent
Trappist
Trinity
See also, ...
patron saints index
Mark - He was the son of Mary, a woman apparently of some means and influence, and was probably born in Jerusalem, where his mother resided (Acts 12:12 )
Branch - Luke 2:7 shows the depressed state of David's royal line, represented by Joseph and Mary, at the time when Jesus was born "out of the stem of Jesse" (the stump cut close to the roots at that time); "a root out of a dry ground
Luke, Saint - He also excelled in painting and sculpture, the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, and Shepherds being his favorite themes; a painting of the Virgin in Saint Mary Major at Rome is attributed to him
Manger - ), Joseph and Mary may have moved into the side of the house occupied by the cattle, from which the living-room is distinguished by a higher floor, with a little hollow in the edge, out of which the cattle eat
Penitence - Since its reformation by Mary Alvequin, in 1616, none have been admitted but maids, who, however, still retain the ancient name, penitents
Husband - Mary had been espoused to Joseph, and he is called her husband
Genealogy - That Matthew gives the genealogy of Joseph, Luke the genealogy of Mary
Eton College - It was founded, 1440, by Henry VI, "to show like his ancestors his devotion to the Church," to be known as "the King's College of the Blessed Mary of Eton beside Windsor," and to consist of a provost, ten priests, four clerks, six chorister boys, twenty-five poor and needy scholars "to learn grammar," and twenty-five poor and disabled men "to pray for the souls of his father and mother and all his forefathers and all the faithful departed
England, John - In 1812 he was made president of the Diocesan College of Saint Mary, where he taught theology. He refused to take the oath of allegiance customary in Ireland, declaring his intention of becoming a citizen of the United States
Lazarus - Brother of Martha and Mary, and a resident at Bethany
Anna - Possibly her name may have had to do with the name Anna, given to the mother of the Virgin Mary, in the Protevangelium of James
On - ver, Genesis41:60 and Genesis46:20 (On is to be remembered not only as the home of Joseph, but as the traditional place to which his far-off namesake took Mary and the babe Jesus in the flight to Egypt
Lazarus - A friend and disciple of Christ, brother of Martha and Mary, with whom he resided at Bethany near Jerusalem
On - ver, Genesis41:60 and Genesis46:20 (On is to be remembered not only as the home of Joseph, but as the traditional place to which his far-off namesake took Mary and the babe Jesus in the flight to Egypt
Lazarus - This was Lazarus of Bethany, the brother of Mary and Martha (John 11:1-44)
Laetare Medal - " Following is a partial list of the recipients of the award: ...
1883 - John Gilmary Shea, historian
1884 - Patrick J Keeley, architect
1885 - Eliza Allen Starr, artist
1886 - General John Newton, army engineer
1887 - Edward Preuss, journalist
1888 - Patrick V Hickey, founder "Catholic Review"
1889 - Anna Hanson Dorsey, novelist
1890 - William T Onahan, organizer Catholic Congress
1891 - Daniel Dougherty, orator
1892 - Henry F Brownson, philosopher
1893 - Patrick Donahoe, founder "Boston Pilot"
1894 - Augustin Daly, theatrical manager
1895 - Mrs James Sadlier, writer
1896 - General William S Rosecrans, leader Army of Cumberland
1897 - Thomas Addis Emmett, surgeon
1898 - Timothy E Howard, jurist
1899 - Mary Gwendolin Caldwell, benefactor Catholic University
1900 - John Creighton, founder Creighton University
1901 - William Bourke Cockran, orator
1902 - John B Murphy, surgeon
1903 - Charles J Bonaparte, attorney-general
1904 - Richard C Kerens, philanthropist
1905 - Thomas B Fitzpatrick, business man
1906 - Francis Quinlan, medical specialist
1907 - Katherine E Conway, author
1908 - James C Monaghan, lecturer
1909 - Frances Tiernan, (Christian Reid), litterateur
1910 - Maurice Francis Egan, writer
1911 - Agnes Repplier, essayist
1912 - Thomas M Mulry, charity worker
1913 - Charles G Herbermann, editor-in-chief "Catholic Encyclopedia"
1914 - Edward Douglas White, chief justice of the United States
1915 - Mary V Merrick, founder, Christ Child Society
1916 - James J Walsh, physician and author
1917 - William Shepherd Benson, admiral
1918 - Joseph Scott, lawyer
1919 - George Duval, philanthropist
1920 - Lawrence F Flick, physician
1921 - Elizabeth Nourse, artist
1922 - Charles P Neil, economist
1923 - Walter George Smith, lawyer
1924 - Charles D Maginnis, architect
1925 - Albert Francis Zahm, scientist
1926 - Edward N Hurley, business man
1927 - Margaret Anglin, actress
1928 - Jack J Spalding, lawyer
1929 - Alfred Emmanuel Smith, statesman
1930 - Frederick P Kenkel, director of Central Bureau of the Central Verein
1931 - James J Phelan, philanthropist
1932 - Stephen J Maher, tuberculosis expert
1933 - John McCormack, vocalist
1934 -
1935 - Frank H Spearman, author
1936 -
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1941 -
1942 - Helen Constance White, teacher and author
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1955 - George Meaney, labour leader
1956 -
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1965 - Frederick Dominic Rossini, teacher and scientist
1966 -
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1972 - Dorothy Day, activist
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1984 - John T Noonan, jurist
1985 - Guido Calabresi, jurist
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1992 - Daniel Patrick Moynihan, US senator
1993 - L John Durney, teacher and journalist
1994 -
1995 -
1996 - Sister Helen Prejean, anti-death penalty activist
1997 - Father Virgilio Elizondo, theologian and writer
1998 -
1999 -
2000 - Andrew J McKenna, businessman
2001 - Monsignor George G Higgins, labour activist priest
2002 - Father John Smyth, educator
2003 - Peter and Peggy Steinfels, writers
2004 - Father Bryan Hehir, theologian
2005 - Joseph E Murray, organ transplant pioneer
Grief And Mourning - Mary and Martha wept over their brother Lazarus (John 11:31 ). After Jesus watched Mary and her friends weeping, we are told, “Jesus wept” (John 11:35 ). ...
Mourning was expressed in three major ways:...
Weeping was then, as now, the primary indication of grief. We have already noted Mary's tears and even those of Jesus
James the Brother of Jesus - Since the brothers and sisters of Jesus are usually mentioned in association with Mary the mother of Jesus, it is natural to assume that she was their mother (Matthew 12:46; Matthew 13:55-56; John 2:12). If that is the case, it means that after the birth of Jesus, Joseph and Mary began to have normal sexual relations (Matthew 1:25)
Manger - 73) supposes that Mary and Joseph, who could not find room in the κατάλυμα, were obliged to go to some poor house hard by, where there was ‘an upper platform’ for people and ‘a lower platform’ for cattle, and that ‘in the lower portion allotted to the cattle the Infant when born was naturally laid at once in the long earthen trough which serves for a manger, and into which the fodder is pushed from the floor. ’ If the κατάλυμα was like a modern Eastern khan, and if the φάτνη belonged to it (see below), Mary and Joseph went to one of the stalls for cattle and beasts of burden within the outside wall, and there the babe was born. ...
There is, of course, nothing improbable in this traditional view that the place where Mary sought shelter was a cave, for throughout Palestine such caves or grottoes were and are commonly used as stables
Boyhood of Jesus - ...
During the stay at Nazareth, where Joseph and Mary settled after their return from Egypt (Matthew 2:23), the Babe (τὸ βρέφος, Luke 2:16) passed into the stage of young boyhood. Joseph may have gone at other seasons; at this season Mary usually (ἐπορεύοντο, imperfect of ‘habit’) accompanied him. But His answer to Joseph and Mary (Luke 2:49) implies some self-knowledge, and perhaps a step in the acquirement of that self-knowledge and consciousness. At the Paschal feast it was customary for the youngest present to ask, ‘Why is this night different from all other nights?’ adding a mention of some of the ritual acts. We should expect pious Jews, like Joseph and Mary, to remain the whole time, not because it was a precept, but out of devotion. 247) argues that Joseph and Mary set out for home before the close of the Feast, because the Talmud says that ‘during Feasts’ (not after them) ‘the members of the Temple Sanhedrin came out on to the terrace and taught the people, contrary to the usual custom of sitting as a court of appeal,’ and he thinks that Christ was there. Luke’s words are therefore perhaps compatible with Joseph and Mary having left on the third day, the so-called half-holiday, when it was lawful to return home, but we prefer (in spite of Edersheim’s Talmudical argument) to think that they ‘stayed to the end’ of the Feast. Luke, however, does not say that Jesus remained for any such reason, nor that Joseph and Mary lost sight of Him through any failure of duty. Possibly Joseph and Mary joined their fellow-travellers from Galilee, in the belief that the Child, who would know the time and point of departure, was among the younger pilgrims. ’...
(b) Another writer says beautifully: ‘Seeing Mary sigh for three days for her Divine Son, I see again humanity during the 3000 years of paganism, wandering in search of God. ]'>[8] As this refers to a period only twelve years previous, Joseph and Mary could easily find some of these residents of Jerusalem, even if the connexion had not been kept up in the yearly Passover visits (Luke 2:41). We think that the reason for Joseph and Mary spending at least a day in Jerusalem before going up to the Temple, was that they and our Lord were well known to this group of persons, and that they thought of Him as possibly among friends at Jerusalem, just as they had thought it possible on the first day of the separation that He was among the pilgrims. It has, moreover, been suggested that on the journey up to Jerusalem, Mary for the first time told Him the story of His birth, of the messages of the angels, of the Magi, of Simeon, of Anna, of the flight into Egypt, and of the dreams of Joseph. It is worth noting that while Authorized Version has ‘astonished’ for the feeling of the bystanders (Luke 2:47 ἐξίσταντο) and ‘amazed’ for that of Joseph and Mary (Luke 2:48
Virgin Birth - Historically, the Christian belief that Jesus was miraculously conceived through the power of the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary without sexual union with man (Matthew 1:18-25 ; Luke 1:34-35 ). This doctrine is to be distinguished from the Roman Catholic belief in the "perpetual virginity" of Mary (i. God is not described as procreator or as sexually desiring Mary. It seems, furthermore, that Mary and Jesus' brothers would have carefully preserved, after Pentecost, the story of Jesus' birth from distortion of any kind, whether from naturalizing it or giving it legendary form. ...
The relative silence of the Gospel tradition to the virgin birth probably reveals the true historical situation: Mary and Joseph kept the matter secret in an attempt to ward off possible misunderstanding and ridicule. Knowledge of the virgin birth may explain Paul's unusual use of ginesthai ("to come") rather than the customary gennasthai ("to be born") in describing Jesus' entrance into the world (Romans 1:3-4 ; Galatians 4:4-5 ; Philippians 2:7 ). The primary theological thrust, therefore, of the virgin birth is eschatological in the sense that it implicitly envisions as its ultimate goal the consummation of world history in Jesus' second coming. The unmerited favor God showed to Mary in choosing her to bear the Messiah parallels the more general unmerited favor he has shown to all people through the Messiah's redemptive work. The birth narratives portray Joseph and Mary as responding obediently to the unexpected and bewildering news from God that a baby is to be born to them without male sexual involvement. Mary humbly submitted to God's will: "I am the Lord's servant May it be to me as you have said" (Luke 1:38 ). Joseph willingly shared in Mary's call despite the likelihood of future shame and reproach (Matthew 1:19-25 ). ...
In view of the whole Gospel story, their acceptance of God's call unquestionably cost them dearly at times: as the recipients of slander and gossip, in lingering confusion as to when and how Jesus would fulfill what was announced of him, and ultimately Mary's deep grief at seeing Jesus crucifiedplus her added difficulties of not (fully ) understanding that Jesus was to be raised from the dead or the saving significance of his death until some time after the resurrection. ...
In summary, the New Testament includes belief in the virgin birth as part of the saving gospel message
Lazarus - Of Bethany; brother of Mary and Martha (John 11:1). Lazarus was "of (apo , 'belonging to at that time') Bethany, from (ek , implying his original settlement) the village of Mary and Martha" (still it is likely the same village is meant in both Luke 10 and John 11, namely, Bethany). Martha went and met Him, while Mary sat in the house, in beautiful harmony with the character of each respectively, described in Luke 10:40-42. Martha's faith had now become stronger; so she says, "Lord, I know that even now whatsoever Thou wilt ask of God, God will give it Thee (more buoyant in spirit than Mary, and cherishing even now a vague hope of her brother's restoration) . " Upon Martha telling Mary of Jesus' arrival and "call" for her, either expressed or implied ("secretly," through fear of Jewish informers, see John 11:28; John 11:46), the latter also came "quickly" to Him. ...
The Jews her friends, not having heard Martha's communication, supposed Mary was gone to the tomb to weep, but found her as of old "at Jesus' feet. Plumptre (Smith's Dictionary) identifies Simon the leper with Simon the Pharisee (Luke 7:36-40); Martha had the Pharisees' belief in the resurrection (John 11:24); Mary's gift of the ointment was after the example of the sinful woman in Simon's house; the leprosy came on subsequently
Gospels, Apocryphal - Gospel of Nicodemus, Protevangelium of James, Gospel according to Thomas, Arabic Gospel of Infancy, Arabic Gospel of Joseph, Passing of Mary). Particularly is this true of those that deal with the early life of Mary and of the infant Christ. In some cases it is not impossible that current pagan legends and folk-stories were attached to Mary and Jesus. Notwithstanding this fact, however, many of these stories, particularly those of the birth, girlhood, and death of Mary, have found their way into the literature and even the doctrine of the Roman Church. ...
The first sixteen chapters abound in anecdotes concerning Jesus and His trial, in which the question of the legitimacy of Jesus’ birth is established by twelve witnesses of the marriage of Mary and Joseph. ...
The Protevangelium purports to be an account of the birth of Mary and of her early life in the Temple, whither she was brought by her parents when she was three years of age, and where at twelve years of age she was married to Joseph, then an old man with children. It includes also an account of the Annunciation and the visit of Mary to Elisabeth, of the trial by ordeal of Joseph and Mary on the charge of having been secretly married, of the birth of Jesus in a cave, and accompanying miracles of the most extravagant sort. ...
This Gospel supplies still further stories concerning the infancy of Jesus, and begins by declaring that Jesus, as He was lying in His cradle, said to Mary, ‘I am Jesus, the Son of God, the Logos, whom thou hast brought forth. It is at some points parallel with the Protevangelium, but carries the miraculous element of the birth a step farther, in that it makes Jesus say of Mary, ‘I chose her of my own will, with the concurrence of my Father and the counsel of the Holy Spirit. , as Jesus is said to have promised Mary the same sort of death as other mortals suffer. The Passing of Mary . It contains a highly imaginative account of the death of Mary, to whose deathbed the Holy Spirit miraculously brings various Apostles from different parts of the world, as well as some of them from their tombs. The account abounds in miracles of the most irrational sort, and it finally culminates in the removal of Mary’s ‘spotless and precious body’ to Paradise. ...
( n ) The Descent of Mary . ...
Other Gospels were doubtless in existence between the 2nd and 6th centuries, as it seems to have been customary for all the heretical sects, particularly Gnostics, to write Gospels as a support for their peculiar views
Womanliness - His defence of the sinful woman and of Mary has been already noted. ‘We have a lovely group of female disciples and friends around the Lord: Mary, the wife of Clopas; Salome, the mother of James and John; Mary of Bethany, who sat at Jesus’ feet; her busy and hospitable sister Martha; Mary of Magdala, whom the Lord healed of a demoniacal possession; the sinner, who washed His feet with her tears of penitence and wiped them with her hair; and all the noble women who ministered to the Son of Man in His earthly poverty with the gifts of their love (Luke 8:3, Matthew 27:55, Mark 15:41), lingered last around His Cross (John 19:25), and were first at His open sepulchre on the morning of the resurrection (Matthew 28:1, John 20:1)’ Census - 147 note); and if that was the case also in Palestine, this fact may possibly explain why, on the first occasion when the enrolment that was the basis of the poll-tax was made, Mary accompanied Joseph to Bethlehem despite her critical condition. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, to the city of David, because he was of the house and family of David, to enrol himself with Mary who was betrothed to him’ (Luke 2:3-5). If, as Matthew 1:25 leads us to believe, Mary was actually recognized at this period as Joseph’s wife, she would be enumerated as one of his household, whatever her own lineage was; but if St. It may also be observed that the great gathering of those who claimed to be of ‘the stock of Jesse’ would help to explain how, when Joseph and Mary arrived, ‘there was no room for them in the inn’ (Luke 2:7)
Surname - ]'>[28] Mary the mother of James and Joses,7 [8] Mary the sister of Lazarus,8 [5]1 Mary the mother of Mark , 9 [8]0 Mary the mother of Jesus. Another Mary is mentioned in " translation="">Romans 16:6. Another Mary is mentioned in " translation="">Romans 16:6
Virgin Birth - Matthew 13:55 ‘Is not this the carpenter’s son?’ Luke 4:22, John 1:45; John 6:42); and even in the Nativity narrative of the Third Gospel, Mary and Joseph are several times referred to as ‘his parents’ (γονεῖς, Luke 2:27; Luke 2:41; Luke 2:43),* Forty Hours' Adoration - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Forty Hours' Devotion - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Forty Hours' Prayer - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Quarantore - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Quarant' Ore - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Devotion, Forty Hours' - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Mark, Saint Evangelist - Mark, whom Saint Peter calls his son, is the son of Mary, whose house was a meeting-place for the Apostles, to which Saint Peter turned on his release from prison
Candles, Blessed - The Church chose it for the blessing of candles because on that day Mary made an offering in the Temple, and because the prophet Simeon foretold that her Son would be "a light to the revelation of the Gentiles
Cashel, Ireland, Archdiocese of - (4Jun 1567 Appointed - 1578 Died)
Blessed Dermot O'Hurley (11Sep 1581Appointed - 1584Martyred)
David Kearney (May 21, 1603Appointed - 14Aug 1624Died)
Thomas Walsh (27 Apr 1626 Appointed - May 5, 1654Died)
William Burgat (11Jan 1669 Appointed - 1674Died)
John Brenan (8 Mark 1677 Appointed - 1693Died)
Edward Comerford (14Nov 1695 Appointed - 21Feb 1710 Died)
Christopher Butler (1Sep 1711Appointed - 4Sep 1757 Died)
James Butler (1st) (4Sep 1757 Succeeded - May 17, 1774Resigned)
James Butler (2nd) (May 17, 1774Succeeded - 29 Jul 1791Died) who moved the diocesan seat to Thurles where it has remained; compiled Butler's Catechism
Thomas Bray (20 Jul 1792Appointed - 15 Dec 1820 Died)
Patrick Everard (15 Dec 1820 Succeeded - 31Mar 1821Died)
Robert Laffan (18 Mark 1823Appointed - 1833Died)
Michael Slattery (22Dec 1833Appointed - 4Feb 1857 Died)
Patrick Leahy (27 Apr 1857 Appointed - 26 Jan 1875 Died)
Thomas William Croke
Thomas Fennelly (23Jul 1902Succeeded - 7 Mark 1913Resigned)
John Mary Harty (2Dec 1913Appointed - 1Sep 1946 Died)
Jeremiah Kinane (11Sep 1946 Succeeded - 18 Feb 1959 Died)
Thomas Morris (21Dec 1959 Appointed - 12Sep 1988 Resigned)
Dermot Clifford (12Sep 1988 Succeeded - )
See also ...
Catholic-Hierarchy
Inn - The primary services that could be depended upon were water for the family and animals and a place to spread a pallet. ...
In Bethlehem, Joseph and Mary could find no room at the inn (Luke 2:7 )
Hymn, Candle-Light - The Church chose it for the blessing of candles because on that day Mary made an offering in the Temple, and because the prophet Simeon foretold that her Son would be "a light to the revelation of the Gentiles
Tammuz - Imitate Mary who, when all others were gone, stood at the crucified Lord's sepulchre weeping, and so had her tears dried up by the risen Saviour Himself (John 20:11-16)
Mary Magdalene - And what is more remarkable, the Holy Ghost is particular to tell the church this, in the same moment he speaks of the mercy; for so the sweet and gracious words run" Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary, Magdalene, out of whom he cast seven devils;"Did the kind compassionate, Lord mean to say by this condescending act of grace, that there he will be most gracious where Satan hath been most, cruel? Did he thereby mean to intimate to all his disciples, that the poor lamb of his fold shall have, the softest lying down in his bosom, whom the prowling wolf hath most torn and worried with his claws? Oh! that every deeply-exercised follower of the Lord Jesus would frequently think of this; and, as often as this Magdalene riseth to their recollection, would behold the Lord Jesus in this unequalled act of mercy, that "where sin abounded, grace doth much more abound; that as sin hath reigned unto death, so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord?" (Romans 5:21)...
Son, the; Son of God - ...
When the angel appeared to Mary, foretelling the birth of Jesus, he said, "That holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God
Adoration, Forty Hours' - Introduced by Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria in Milan and Vicenza, 1527, it was spread to many places in Italy by the Capuchin, Joseph of Fermo, and was introduced into Rome and Germany by Jesuits under Saint Ignatius
Father - " (Ephesians 3:14-15)...
Hence, in relation to him under this sweet appellation and character, the Lord Jesus himself said to Mary after he arose from the dead, "I ascend unto my Father and your Father, and to my God and your God
Lord - ' It is applied to the Lord by the blind man in Mark 10:51 ; and by Mary in John 20:16 , where it is untranslated
Genealogy - The genealogy of our Saviour is deduced by the evangelists from Adam to Joseph and Mary, through a space of four thousand years and upward
Reginald Pole - His royal descent and friendship with the queen made him a considerable power in state affairs, but he was singularly disinterested in material promotion, and had nothing to do with the persecutions of Mary's reign. He died a few hours after Queen Mary
Woman (2) - It brought Mary into a prominence which otherwise would have been unaccountable. ...
It is singular, and some have thought that it was designed with a view to checking the Mariolatry which in the years to come was to dominate a large section of the Church, that Jesus refuses to allow the unique distinction which Mary certainly had in being the mother of the world’s Redeemer to weigh against the worth of religious character. The Oriental, even the Jewish, mother would have been prostrate, with dishevelled hair and garments; Mary is found ‘standing’ (John 19:25). Mary’s gift of the alabaster cruse of ointment in the last week of His life. That woman had a position in life of equal importance with that of man is made plain by the whole story of the Gospels: Anna, Elisabeth, the Virgin Mary, Martha, Mary, and Mary Magdalene rivalling in their own spheres St
Body - ) But how was the Son of God to assume this body? The Holy Ghost takes up the blessed subject, and by his servant the Evangelist Luke, records the whole particular's of a conference which took place between an angel and a Virgin Called Mary, whose womb, by his miraculous impregnation, and without the intervention of a human father, was to bring forth this glorious Holy One, as the great Saviour of his people. The Holy Ghost (said the angel to Mary,)"shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore, also that Holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. " (Ephesians 1:22-23)...
See Mary...
Names in New Testament - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects
Elizabeth, worshipper of God
Gabriel, strong man of God
Gamaliel, God recompenses
Heli, Jehovah is high
Jesus, Jehovah saves
John, gift of God
Matthias, gift of Jehovah
Michael, who is like God?
Nathanael, gift of God
Timothy, honoring God
Zachary, Jehovah remembers
Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly
Asyncritus, incomparable
Bernice, victorious
Clement (Latin), kind
Eunice, victorious
Pudens, modest
Timon (Hebrew), honorable
Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror
Anna, grace
Caiphas, oppressor
Judas, praise
Malchus, ruler
Manahen, comforter
Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea
Philip, lover of horses
Prochorus, leader of a chorus
Salome, peace
Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father
Joseph, whom the Lord adds
Mnason, he who remembers
Onesiphorus, bringer of profit
Philologus, lover of words
Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer
Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle
Susanna, lily
Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth
Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo
Apollyon
Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter
Epaphroditus, beautiful
Hermes
Hermogenes
Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
New Testament, Names in - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects
Elizabeth, worshipper of God
Gabriel, strong man of God
Gamaliel, God recompenses
Heli, Jehovah is high
Jesus, Jehovah saves
John, gift of God
Matthias, gift of Jehovah
Michael, who is like God?
Nathanael, gift of God
Timothy, honoring God
Zachary, Jehovah remembers
Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly
Asyncritus, incomparable
Bernice, victorious
Clement (Latin), kind
Eunice, victorious
Pudens, modest
Timon (Hebrew), honorable
Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror
Anna, grace
Caiphas, oppressor
Judas, praise
Malchus, ruler
Manahen, comforter
Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea
Philip, lover of horses
Prochorus, leader of a chorus
Salome, peace
Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father
Joseph, whom the Lord adds
Mnason, he who remembers
Onesiphorus, bringer of profit
Philologus, lover of words
Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer
Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle
Susanna, lily
Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth
Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo
Apollyon
Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter
Epaphroditus, beautiful
Hermes
Hermogenes
Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
Mourn - Abraham mourned for Sarah (Genesis 23:2 ); Jacob for Joseph (37:34,35); the Egyptians for Jacob (50:3-10); Israel for Aaron (Numbers 20:29 ), for Moses (Deuteronomy 34:8 ), and for Samuel (1 Samuel 25:1 ); David for Abner (2 Samuel 3:31,35 ); Mary and Martha for Lazarus (John 11 ); devout men for Stephen (Acts 8:2 ), etc
Taxing - For the enrolment is mentioned in order to explain why Joseph and Mary came from Nazareth to Bethlehem at the time when Jesus was born
Eleazar - Eliud's son, three generations above Joseph, husband of the Virgin Mary (Matthew 1:15)
Golden Rose - Among the noted recipients of the ornament have been Charles VII of France, James III of Scotland, Isabella I of Spain, Henry VIII of England (prior to 1525), Mary Queen of Scots "who like a most fair rose among thorns diffuses far and wide the sweet odor of her faith and good works", and Eugenie, ex-Empress of the French
Genealogies - At the census Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem, for they were of the lineage of David; Anna was of the tribe of Asher, and Paul of the tribe of Benjamin
Cleopas - Cleopas married Mary, sister to the blessed virgin
Rose, Golden - Among the noted recipients of the ornament have been Charles VII of France, James III of Scotland, Isabella I of Spain, Henry VIII of England (prior to 1525), Mary Queen of Scots "who like a most fair rose among thorns diffuses far and wide the sweet odor of her faith and good works", and Eugenie, ex-Empress of the French
Mark (John) - ...
(1) John Mark was a Jew and son of Mary, who was a leading Christian woman at Jerusalem. Probably Mary was a widow
James - Their mother was Salome, and, since she was apparently a sister of the Virgin Mary (cf. His mother was Mary, one of the devoted women who stood by the Cross and visited the Sepulchre
Infancy - ) seems the most reasonable, arranging as follows:—Circumcision, Presentation (or Purification of Mary), Visit of the Magi, Flight into Egypt and Slaughter of the Innocents, Return to Nazareth. ...
The accounts of the Infancy comprise: (a) normal features—the Circumcision, the Presentation (= Purification of Mary and Redemption of the Firstborn); and (b) peculiar features—the Visit of the Magi and connected incidents. Again, after the proper interval (Luke 2:25-387) the Purification of Mary with all due rites took place at the Temple (Luke 2:22). ...
The αὐτῶν (‘their purification’) cannot without strain be made to refer to any but both Joseph and Mary who brought the child to Jerusalem (see also Luke 2:33). At the Circumcision the name Jesus was given, we are told (Luke 2:21), in accordance with an angelic intimation to Mary prior to conception (Luke 1:31), a matter in which, it may be noted, a marked contrast with the representation in Matthew 1:18-25 appears. At the Presentation the part played by Simeon and Anna (1618453268_32) forms an unwonted accompaniment of the ceremonies of the occasion, and wonderfully breaks in upon the even recital of customary proceedings (cf. , in the implication that Joseph and Mary were continuously resident at Bethlehem probably until Jesus was nearly two years old, and that they went to Nazareth to live only after their return from Egypt
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - Mary’s. ...
It must, however, be added that Joseph and Mary were probably near relations. Mary and Elisabeth were kinswomen, though the latter was descended from Aaron ( Luke 1:5 ; Luke 1:36 ). In Matthew 1:16 the reading of almost all Greek MSS, attested by Tertullian, is that of EV [2] , ‘Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus,’ etc. The lately discovered Sinaitic-Syriac palimpsest has ‘Jacob begat Joseph: Joseph, to whom was betrothed Mary the Virgin, begat Jesus. ), who thinks that it is not original, but derived from a variant of the ordinary text: ‘Jacob begat Joseph, to whom being betrothed the Virgin Mary bare Joseph - This is concluded from the fact that Mary only was present at the marriage feast in Cana of Galilee. His name does not appear in connection with the scenes of the crucifixion along with that of Mary (q. There they laid it, in the presence of Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Joses, and other women, and rolled a great stone to the entrance, and departed (Luke 23:53,55 )
Zadok - An ancestor of Joseph the husband of Mary ( Matthew 1:14 London, England, City of - Saint Mary Moorfields, erected 1686, was the first London Catholic parish church to come into existence after the Reformation, and was used as Cardinal Wiseman's pro-cathedral, 1852
Taxes - An enrollment for the purposes of taxation under the Roman emperor brought Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem, where Jesus was born (Luke 2:1-7 )
Anastasius, a Presbyter of Antioch - "Let no one call Mary θεοτόκος
Bonosus, Founder Bonosiani Sect - Bonosus is only known to us as holding the same views with Helvidius with regard to the perpetual virginity of the mother of our Lord, and as to His brethren, whom he affirmed to have been the natural offspring of Joseph and Mary
Mediator - To join Mary and the saints to him in his mediatorship, as the antichristian church of Rome does, implies that he is unable to accomplish his own peculiar work, Hebrews 8:6 9:15 12:24
Judas Iscariot - Under the plea of the necessities of the poor he complained of money being wasted when Mary anointed the Lord
Nazareth - After His birth and the sojourn in Egypt Joseph and Mary took the child to their original home in Nazareth, six miles W. ), it is impossible to identify the sacred sites as tradition pretends to do, namely, the place of the annunciation to Mary, with the inscription on the pavement of the grotto, "Ηic Verbum caro factum est ", the mensa Christi , and the synagogue from whence Jesus was dragged to the brow of the hill
Mark, John - ) Mark was son of Mary, residing at Jerusalem, and was cousin (not "sister's son'," Colossians 4:10) of Barnabas. Mark returned to Mary his mother at Jerusalem; he ought to have remembered Jesus' words (Matthew 10:37)
Virgin - ...
When the virgin Mary gave birth to Jesus, Matthew saw this as a greater fulfilment of the words that Isaiah spoke to Ahaz. Usually he begins the process of human life in the womb of a woman through using a human father, but when he himself entered the stream of human life he began the process miraculously, by the work of his Spirit in the womb of the virgin Mary (Matthew 1:18; Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:26-35; see MIRACLE). However, the development of the child in Mary’s womb and the birth of the child at the appointed time seem to have been normal
Bethesda - Anne, where an old tradition has placed the house of the mother of Mary, calling it Bcit Hanna, “House of Anne. προβατικῇ, John 5:2) at or near the traditional birthplace of Mary, which is undoubtedly under the present Church of St. Mary, in which many miraculous cures are wrought. 632), says: ‘I will enter the holy Probatica, where the illustrious Anna brought forth Mary
Birth of Christ - Mary it is who, contrary to all Hebrew use, appears alone upon the scene. Mary is entirely in the foreground: to her the angel addresses himself; the prophecy of Zechariah has to do with her; she speaks to the child found in the Temple; Joseph says nothing; he keeps in the background. His position in the family is that of guardian, the supporter of Mary, the protector of Jesus’ (Studies in the Gospels, 1903, p. For the impression which is derived from his account is twofold,—not only that it is of Palestinian origin, but also that it is derived from Mary the mother of the Lord, or from those who were closely acquainted with her. 1900), it is difficult to believe that the words ‘the lowliness of his handmaiden,’ are not most naturally connected with the words of Mary to the angel, ‘Behold, the handmaid of the Lord’ (" translation="">Luke 1:48), and that the words ‘shall call me blessed’ are not best referred to the words spoken by Elisabeth to Mary (" translation="">Luke 2:42; " translation="">Luke 2:45). On the proposal to find in the words of Mary, ‘all generations shall call me blessed,’ an imitation of the words of Leah in " translation="">Genesis 30:13, see Nebe, Die Kindheitsgeschichte, p. The combination in Mary of the deepest humility with a firm consciousness of her own high calling and future renown is very striking. If it is urged that the story of the Nativity was bound in any case to bring Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem, the city of David, it would have been easier and more significant to have adopted the theory of Strauss, to the effect that the parents were led to go to Bethlehem by the appearance of an angel, especially when we remember that the frequent introduction of angelic visitors is described as one of the special characteristics of the writings of St
Canticle of Canticles - It is an allegorical poem which expresses: basically, the predilection of the Lord for the Chosen People; prophetically, the betrothal of Christ with His Church; universally, the love of God for a devoted soul; accommodatively, in the liturgy of the Church, the delight of God in the soul of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Simon - ...
...
A leper of Bethany, in whose house Mary anointed our Lord's head with ointment "as he sat at meat" (Matthew 26:6-13 ; Mark 14:3-9 )
Louisiana - Father Beaubois visited France for aid, and on his appeal several Ursulines from Rouen came out the next year to Louisiana under Mother Mary Tranchepain
Innocents - Joseph, warned in a dream by the angel, took Mary and the young child hastily down to Egypt, where they could calmly await the death of the tyrant
Jude, the Lord's Brother - ’ It would be precarious, even apart from the variation in order, to infer that Judas was one of the younger brothers of Jesus; still, this is not improbable, especially if, as the present writer believes, ‘the brethren of the Lord’ were sons of Joseph and Mary
Alabaster - Mary ‘brake the box
Peraea - The most horrible story connected with the siege of Jerusalem is that of Mary, a native of the Peræa ( BJ VI
Solomon, Song of - It is an allegorical poem which expresses: basically, the predilection of the Lord for the Chosen People; prophetically, the betrothal of Christ with His Church; universally, the love of God for a devoted soul; accommodatively, in the liturgy of the Church, the delight of God in the soul of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Song of Solomon - It is an allegorical poem which expresses: basically, the predilection of the Lord for the Chosen People; prophetically, the betrothal of Christ with His Church; universally, the love of God for a devoted soul; accommodatively, in the liturgy of the Church, the delight of God in the soul of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Betrothal - The status of the man and woman was now, as in Hebrew times, practically the same as that of married persons, although it was now generally customary for the wedding ceremony proper to be celebrated at the expiration of a year in the case of a virgin, and in thirty days in the case of a widow. ...
So far as the relations of Mary and Joseph are concerned, it would appear from the narrative in both Matthew and Luke that in their case the custom of the Jews was followed. The description of the betrothal in the Gospel of Mary is clearly unhistorical and born of pious imagination; but we are justified in believing that Joseph drew up the customary contract, paid a môhar of approximately 200 zuz, and gave Mary a ring
Paul's Visit to Jerusalem to See Peter - And both at the cock-crowing, and at Calvary, Peter and Paul wept so sore that Mary herself, and Mary Magdalene, did not weep like it. ...
And then if Mary, the mother of our Lord, was still in this world, it is certain to me that Paul both saw her in James's house, and kissed her hand, and called her Blessed. You may depend upon it that Mary did not remain very long away from James's house after his conversion. But I put it to you who are mothers in Israel, to put yourselves in Mary's place in those days, and to say if you would have been to be found anywhere, by that time, but in the house of your own believing son. And what more sure and certain than that God, here again, revealed His Son to Paul out of Mary's long hidden heart
Most High - In the story of the Annunciation it is ordained that the child whom Mary is to bear shall be called Son of the Most High (Luke 1:32 ); and a little later on ( Luke 1:76 ) John the Baptist is spoken of as prophet of the Most High
Hospitality - Since Jesus Himself ‘had not where to lay his head’ (Matthew 8:20), He depended much upon the hospitality of the friendly disposed, as of Andrew and Peter at Capernaum (Matthew 8:14), and of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus at Bethany (John 11:1-5); and frequently accepted the hospitality of house-holders (Matthew 26:6, Luke 5:29; Luke 7:36 ff; Luke 19:5)
Jacob - According to the genealogical list in Matthew, Jacob (Ἰακώβ) is the father of Joseph the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:15-16)
Jesus - It was given to the Son of God in Incarnation as His personal name, in obedience to the command of an angel to Joseph, the husband of His Mother, Mary, shortly before He was born, Matthew 1:21
Judas - One of the apostles, called also Jude, Lebbeus, and Thaddeus, Matthew 10:3 Mark 3:18 Jude 1:1 , the son of Alpheus and Mary, and brother of James the LESS
Hospitality - Since Jesus Himself ‘had not where to lay his head’ (Matthew 8:20), He depended much upon the hospitality of the friendly disposed, as of Andrew and Peter at Capernaum (Matthew 8:14), and of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus at Bethany (John 11:1-5); and frequently accepted the hospitality of house-holders (Matthew 26:6, Luke 5:29; Luke 7:36 ff; Luke 19:5)
Jacob - According to the genealogical list in Matthew, Jacob (Ἰακώβ) is the father of Joseph the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:15-16)
Joseph - ...
Under the article of Joseph we must not forget to observe, that there are several more of the name mentioned in Scripture, and of some importance:...
·Joseph the husband of Mary, the mother of the Lord Jesus Christ, Matthew 1:15; Mat 1:18. ...
·Joseph, or Joses, son of Mary and Cleophas, supposed to be one of those who did not at first believe on Christ, but was afterwards converted, John 7:5
Parents (2) - They are punctilious in the observance of religious duties (Luke 2:21-22); if attendance at the Passover was only demanded of men, Mary is quick to avail herself of a privilege which had been extended to women also (Luke 2:41). The strict discipline above spoken of is implied in Luke 2:51 (καὶ ἦν ὑποτασσόμενος αὐτοῖς): the respect and obedience which Joseph and Mary claim as their due are promptly rendered by the boy, the growing youth. No longer is He a member of the family circle; Mary is cared for by sons and daughters; but the respect, the affection, the loving solicitude of ‘her firstborn son’ is still enjoyed by her
John the Apostle - Through his mother John gained his knowledge of the love of Mary Magdalene to the Lord, which he so vividly depicts (John 20). John, the Virgin Mary, and Mary Magdalene accompanied the Saviour to Calvary, and to him Jesus committed as to a brother the care of His sorrowing mother. ...
Peter and John were in the same abode the ensuing sabbath, and to them Mary Magdalene first runs with the tidings of the tomb being empty
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, City of - This event was followed by rapid progress in the work of education; the Brothers of the Christian Schools arrived the following year; the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, 1841; the Grand Seminaire, founded, 1840, was followed by the Seminaire de Philosophie, 1894; by order of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples a branch of Laval University was opened in Montreal, 1876, and in 1896 the Jesuits established Loyola College
Indiana - The Catholic influence on the place-names of the state is shown in the following: ...
Carmel
Notre Dame
Saint Anthony
Saint Bernice
Saint Croix
Saint Henry
Saint Joe
Saint John
Saint Leon
Saint Louis Crossing
Saint Mary-of-the-Woods
Saint Meinrad
Saint Paul
Saint Pierre
Trinity Springs
Vera Cruz
Archdioceses, past and present, include ...
Indianapolis
Dioceses, past and present, include: ...
Evansville
Fort Wayne-South Bend
Gary
Lafayette
See also: ...
patron saints index: archdiocese of Indianapolis, Indiana
patron saints index: diocese of Evansville, Indiana
patron saints index: diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana
patron saints index: diocese of Gary, Indiana
patron saints index: diocese of Lafayette, Indiana
patron saints index: Indiana
Carnutum - Like the magnificently sculptured porches, they are symbolic representations of the glorification of Mary
Chartres, France - Like the magnificently sculptured porches, they are symbolic representations of the glorification of Mary
Visitation - The ecclesiastical term applied to the visit of the Virgin Mary to Elisabeth three months before the birth of the Baptist (Luke 1:39-56), commemorated in Western Church Calendars on 2nd July
Autricum - Like the magnificently sculptured porches, they are symbolic representations of the glorification of Mary
Feet - (1 Samuel 25:24) Mary sat at the feet of Jesus
Lunatics - Mary of Magdala, or the Magdalene, was afflicted with seven demons, Mark 16:9
Society of Priests of Saint Sulpice - In 1791 four Sulpicians arrived in Baltimore, purchased a house on the edge of the city and began Saint Mary's Seminary. They now have Saint Mary, Baltimore, Saint Charles College, Catonsville, Maryland, the Sulpician Seminary at the Catholic University, and Menlo Park, California
Sulpicians - In 1791 four Sulpicians arrived in Baltimore, purchased a house on the edge of the city and began Saint Mary's Seminary. They now have Saint Mary, Baltimore, Saint Charles College, Catonsville, Maryland, the Sulpician Seminary at the Catholic University, and Menlo Park, California
Joannes, Silentiarius, Bishop of Colonia - John consecrated himself to God when 18 years old, built a church at Nicopolis in honour of the Virgin Mary, and taking ten brethren set up a monastery
Mother (2) - Mary (Virgin)
Resurrection of Christ - They may be arranged as follows: ...
...
To Mary Magdalene at the sepulchre alone. ...
...
To certain women, "the other Mary," Salome, Joanna, and others, as they returned from the sepulchre
James - " Son of Mary (Mark 15:40; Matthew 27:56; Luke 24:10). Clopas (Alexandrinus and Vaticanus manuscripts, John 19:25) or Cleophas (Sinaiticus manuscript) is the Hebrew, Alphaeus the Greek, of the same name: he married Mary, sister of the Virgin Mary, and had by her James, Joses, Jude, and Simon, and three daughters (Mary is sometimes designated "mother of James and Joses," Matthew 27:56, as these were the two oldest); he died before our Lord's ministry began, and his widow went to live with her sister the Virgin Mary, a widow also herself (for Joseph's name never occurs after Luke 2), at Nazareth (Matthew 13:55), Capernaum (John 2:12), and Jerusalem (Acts 1:14). he said to the assembly at Mary's house "Go show these things unto James" (Acts 12:17)
Angel - The primary concern of these two angels, however, was supposedly with missions on earth and affairs in heaven, respectively. When Gabriel announced to Mary that she would bear Jesus (Luke 31 ), she seems to have been more disturbed by his message than his appearance. Again, this celestial being performed a service of reassurance and love for Mary and Mary of Magdala, who subsequently reported seeing "a vision of angels" (Luke 24:23 ). In John's Gospel Mary Magdalene saw two angels in white clothing, sitting in the empty tomb, just before she met the risen Lord (John 20:12-16 )
Nazarene - ) "And in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God, unto a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man, whose name was Joseph, of the house of David, and the virgin's name was Mary. And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found favour with God; and behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Jesus. The miraculous power of the Holy Ghost is no sooner announced, and Mary's consent obtained, than the impregnation takes place; so that "that Holy thing," or the man of the unction, as Christ is declared by the angel to be, is immediately conceived, and the Nazarite from the womb is formed in the city of Nazareth, as the prophet had foretold. The message the angel brought to Manoah's wife, and to the Virgin Mary, were (as far as the similarity of circumstances would admit) so much alike, that one might be led to conclude that the messenger was the same, and the one ministered but to the other. And lastly, and above all, as the angel concerning Samson declared, that he should be a Nazarite to God from the womb, and should begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, so eminently did the angel announce to the Virgin Mary concerning the Lord Jesus Christ, that he should be that Holy Thing, and be called the Son of the Highest, and should deliver "his people from their sins
Presentation - ...
The act of presenting Him would be performed by Joseph (Exodus 13:15) as the putative father, at once the shield of Mary and the protector of her child (Luke 3:23); not by the Virgin, as Cornelius à Lapide assumes, although there is some beauty in his interpretation of the five shekels, which constituted the redemption money, as ‘symbolizing the Five Wounds at the price whereof Christ redeemed the race of man’ (Com. Mary’s availing herself of the permission, as a poor woman, to offer the two doves instead of the costlier lamb is not consistent with the idea that the gold offered by the Wise Men was at her disposal: while St. The Purification of Mary, besides synchronizing with the Presentation of her Son, was an event belonging to the same moral and religious category. And lastly, (4) the other dove would be offered in sign of Mary’s thanksgiving and self-devotion to God. ]'>[1] 110): ‘Hidden from the prince of this world were the virginity of Mary, and her child-bearing, and likewise also the death of the Lord—three mysteries to be cried aloud—the which were wrought in the silence of God’ (ad Ephes. ...
Both the Purification of Mary and the Presentation of our Lord in the Temple are commemorated on the 2nd of February (Candlemas)
Devotion to the Holy Family - Since the three holiest persons the world has ever beheld, Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Son of God, His immaculate mother, Mary, and His foster-father, Saint Joseph, dwelt together for many years in the humble home of Nazareth, it is natural that Catholics should venerate them not only as individuals but also as a family
Family, Holy - Since the three holiest persons the world has ever beheld, Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Son of God, His immaculate mother, Mary, and His foster-father, Saint Joseph, dwelt together for many years in the humble home of Nazareth, it is natural that Catholics should venerate them not only as individuals but also as a family
Holy Family, Devotion to the - Since the three holiest persons the world has ever beheld, Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Son of God, His immaculate mother, Mary, and His foster-father, Saint Joseph, dwelt together for many years in the humble home of Nazareth, it is natural that Catholics should venerate them not only as individuals but also as a family
Son of God - Gabriel told Mary that her Son would not only be called the Son of God, but would also reign on the messianic (David's) throne (Luke 1:32-33 )
Hair - ...
John 11:2 (b) Since the hair is given to a woman for her glory, this was a picture of Mary laying her glory at JESUS' feet
Immanuel, Emmanuel - we get the fulfilment of the above prophecy: Mary the virgin conceived and brought forth her Son
Sepulchres - " In the account we have of the resurrection of Lazarus, when Mary went suddenly out to meet Jesus, the Jews supposed that she was gone to the grave, "to weep there
Resurrection of Jesus Christ - ...
Matthew reported that two Marys, Magdalene and the mother of James and Joses (Matthew 28:1-2 ; see Matthew 27:56 ,Matthew 27:56,27:61 ) came to the tomb and witnessed a violent earthquake. The long ending of Mark records several other appearances of Jesus: to Mary Magdalene (see John 20:11-18 ); to two walking in the country (see Luke 24:13-32 ); to the eleven as they were eating (see Luke 24:36-43 ). Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene and told her not to detain him—a better translation than “do not touch me
jo'Seph - He espoused Mary, the daughter and heir of his uncle Jacob,a nd before he took her home as his wife received the angelic communication recorded in (Matthew 1:20 ) When Jesus was twelve years old Joseph and Mary took him with them to keep the passover at Jerusalem, and when they returned to Nazareth he continued to acct as a father to the child Jesus, and was reputed to be so indeed
Nazarene - Jerome also says that they believe in Christ as the Son of God, who was born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, and rose again. Paul as an apostate, and regarded Christ as the son of Joseph and Mary
John - To him and Peter, Mary first conveys tidings of the resurrection (20:2), and they are the first to go and see what her strange words mean
Socinians - They maintain "that Jesus Christ was a mere man, who had no existence before he was conceived by the Virgin Mary; that the Holy Ghost is no distinct person; but that the Father is truly and properly God
Exaltation (2) - In the Song of Mary at the Annunciation this principle of Divine procedure is stated: ‘He hath put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree’ (Luke 1:52)
Nazareth - It was the home of Joseph and Mary ( Luke 2:39 ), and here the angel announced to the Virgin the birth of the Messiah (1:26-28)
Miriam - The Old Testament Hebrew equates to Mary in New Testament and Mariamne, Herod's wife and victim
Maryland - In the Catholic colony of Maryland, established 1634, by Leonard Calvert, second son of George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, at whose request the charter had been granted, "religious liberty," as Bancroft says, "obtained a home, its only home in the wide world. He and Father John Altham, with a lay-brother, Thomas Gervase, had accompanied the expedition in the Ark and the Dove from England, and when the permanent site was chosen, March 27, at Saint Mary's, on tke river of the same name, about 12 miles above the mouth of the Potomac, the wigwam of one of the Indian chiefs was given over to them to be transformed into the first chapel. Within a few years Father John Brock was stationed at Saint Inigoes, southeast of Saint Mary's, where tradition says the colonists had made a preliminary stop, Father Altham on Kent Island, Father Philip Fisher (Thomas Copley) at Saint Mary's, and Father White at Kittamaquindi, capital of Piscataway, an Indian village about 15 miles south of Washington. The next year the Puritans, who had been freely permitted to establish a settlement at Providence (now Annapolis) when they fled from the intolerant laws of Virginia, seized the government of Maryland and repealed the Act, with subsequent appalling persecution of Catholics. In 1673Franciscans first came to Maryland, from England, their leader being the zealous Father Massreus Massey. By 1697 Maryland could boast a brick chapel at Saint Mary's, and frame chapels at Saint Inigoes, Port Tobacco, Newtown, Newport, Doncaster, and on the Boarman estate. English penal laws against Catholics began to be enforced after William and Mary had made the Anglican Church the established Church of Maryland in 1692. When the impending Revolution made united opposition to England imperative, religious intolerance was once more restrained and the Catholics of Maryland were emancipated in the colony founded by them on such fair-minded principles. ...
Catholic influence on the place-names of the state is shown in the following: ...
Olivet
Saint George Island
Saint Helena
Saint Inigoes
Saint James School
Saint Leonard
Saint Margaret's
Saint Martin
Saint Mary's City
Saint Michael's
Ecclesiastically, the state is governed by the archdiocese of Baltimore
Favor - Gabriel told Mary (Luke 1:30 ) that she had "found favor with God" and would bear the Christ-child
Gabbatha - ...
GABRIEL is mentioned in Luke 1 as appearing to Zacharias to announce the future pregnancy of Elisabeth and the birth of John, and to Mary with a similar announcement of the birth of Jesus
Joseph - He espoused Mary, the daughter and heir of his uncle Jacob, and before he took her home his wife received the angelic communication recorded in Matthew 1:20
Brook - ...
The modern name of the brook Kidron is Wady Sitti Maryam, ‘Valley of the Lady Mary
Liturgy - However, it was abolished by queen Mary, who enacted, that the service should stand as it was most commonly used in the last year of the reign of king Henry VIII
Ecclesiasticus - Besides, being used for the Nocturnes of the fourth and fifth weeks of August, lessons are taken from it for the common of doctors, confessors, virgins, non-virgins; likewise the chapters of these offices as well as those of the Blessed Virgin Mary and; epistles (Mass for the Propagation of the Faith)
Hannah - It is worthy remark, that the Lord so distinguished this Old Testament saint: to be the first preacher of Jesus as the Anointed, and Mary Magdalen, in the New Testament, to be the first preacher of Jesus in his resurrection
Man - "Joseph the husband of Mary
Liturgy - However, it was abolished by Queen Mary, who enacted that the service should stand as it was commonly used in the last year of King Henry VIII
Mass - Mary of the Snow, celebrated on the fifth of August; that of St
Antichrist - The papal church, putting its traditions in the place of the Scriptures, putting the Virgin Mary, the saints, the Pope, the priest, good works, the mass, purgatory, etc
Mark, - (Colossians 4:10 ); Phlm 1:24; 2 Timothy 4:11 The evangelist was the son of a certain Mary, a Jewish matron of some position who dwelt in Jerusalem, ( Acts 12:12 ) and was probably born of a Hellenistic family in that city
Nard - John identifies as Mary the sister of Lazarus
Portion - ’...
In one single instance ‘portion’ or ‘part’ occurs in the unique sense of one of the ways in which God is served; but here the word is μερίς, not μὲρος (Luke 10:42 ‘Mary hath chosen the good part’; the context seems to demand the sense of ‘the best part’)
Appreciation (of Christ) - He sees through the pure-minded hesitancy of Nathanael (John 1:47), He recognizes the true value of the widow’s mite (Luke 21:1-4), He draws Nicodemus the timid to Him (John 3:1), He knows what will satisfy Thomas (John 20:27), and what will please and win Zacchaeus (Luke 19:5); and His immediate followers include a Mary Magdalene as well as a Mary of Bethany, a Judas as well as a John. Lives that He changes from darkness to light bear willing evidence to His power and charm: Mary Magdalene will not be held back by false shame from entering the Pharisee’s house to acknowledge her Saviour (Luke 7:36-50), nor be repulsed by the charge of wastefulness through sentiment (Mark 14:4); and Zacchaeus will boldly profess a practical conversion before those who know him intimately (Luke 19:8). We look for it, too, from the band of holy women—Joanna, Susanna, Salome, the Marys, and those ‘who ministered unto him of their substance’ (Luke 8:3)
Feasts - Luke adds mention of an earlier Passover, when our Lord was 12 years old and was for the first time (?) allowed to accompany Joseph and Mary as they went up to Jerusalem year after year for the Feast (Luke 2:41 f. that Joseph and Mary were both in the habit of going up to Jerusalem for the Passover every year. There was no requirement that women should thus attend at the Feasts, but Hillel seems to have encouraged the practice, and it was adopted by other religious women besides Mary (Edersheim, Life and Times, vol
Lazarus - Let Martha sweat and scold; let Mary sit still and listen; and let Lazarus only be of some use to them, that he would never believe he was, and that was Lazarus's meat and drink. Martha and Mary always come in before their brother in our Lord's love, as in everything else. This evangelist, that bare record according as he saw, had seen his Master's love to Martha and Mary many a time; but it was only now and then that he had the opportunity of seeing either Lazarus's love to his Lord, or his Lord's love to Lazarus. For, though His disciples gained by it, and though Martha and Mary gained by it, yet Lazarus himself lost by it, by being re-imprisoned, re-committed, and re-submitted to the manifold incommodities of this life
Lazarus - The brother of Martha and Mary , the friend of Jesus ( John 11:3 ; John 11:11 ; John 11:36 , where ‘love’ and ‘friend’ represent the same root in Greek). He went to the rock-hewn sepulchre, and in presence of the sisters and a large company of mourners, including many of the rulers who had come from the adjacent capital to testify their esteem for the good Lazarus and their sympathy with Martha and Mary ( John 11:19 ), summoned the dead man forth and restored him, alive and well, to his home
Magdala - ...
In the light of all the information attainable at the present time, the probabilities strongly favour the view, which has long been held by eminent writers and explorers, that the district in which these places were located was on the western shore of the Lake of Galilee, and that Magadan represents the village now known as el-Mejdel, the traditional site of the town of Mary Magdalene. ...
The generally accepted view that the descriptive surname of Mary—‘Magdalene’—used several times in the NT, and by all the Evangelists, was derived from her home or birthplace, is confirmed by the testimony of Edersheim, who asserts that several Rabbis are spoken of in the Talmud as ‘Magdalene’ or residents of Magdala
Celsus, Polemical Adversary of Christianity - To him Christianity is an "exitiabilis superstitio"; he gives credence to every story against it on which he can lay his hands; he dwells with coarse jocularity on the Jewish tradition of Panthera and the Virgin Mary (i. He challenges the evidence of Christianity, and asks, "Who saw the dove lighting on the head of Jesus after His baptism?" As to the Resurrection, he makes the remark which has been copied by Renan and others, that it was Mary Magdalene, "a fanatical woman," who was the first witness of the resurrection, according to all the accounts (ii
Nazareth - It was here he lived in obedience to Joseph and Mary, and hence he took the name of Nazarene. Within the convent is the church of the annunciation, containing the house of Joseph and Mary, the length of which is not quite the breadth of the church; but it forms the principal part of it
Genealogies of Jesus Christ - , 52 that He was regarded by both the crowd and the rulers at Jerusalem as being of Galilaean, and therefore presumably not Davidie, parentage; it is by no means certain, and to many it may seem in no way probable, that the writer, in the interest of a ‘tragic irony’ (see Westcott, Speaker’s Commentary on John 7:42), refrained from noting the fact of the birth at Bethlehem, and the Davidie lineage of Joseph or Mary. ...
In all the books thus far mentioned no intimation is given whether the descent of Jesus is traced through Mary or Joseph: this fact must be recognized, however it is explained. He discusses fully the reading in Matthew 1:16, and concludes that we cannot look on the reading of the Sinaitic Syriac (‘Jacob begat Joseph; Joseph, to whom was betrothed Mary the Virgin, begat Jesus, who is called the Christ’) as containing traces of an original text. ) thinks that the Curctonian Syriac (‘Jacob begat Joseph, to whom was betrothed Mary the Virgin, who bore Jesus Christ’) represents the Greek from which the Syriac version was made more closely than does the Sinaitic. In the usual text stress is laid on Joseph being the husband of Mary, probably to show that, as he recognized his wife’s son as in a legal sense his own, Jesus was legally the heir of David. ]'>[4] (‘Jacob begat Joseph, to whom being betrothed the Virgin Mary begat Jesus that is called Christ’), and also the Old Latin and Syriac versions, this point is missed, and there is little doubt that the Received Text is right
Murmur, Murmuring - (3) ἐμβριμᾶσθαι is used in one passage (Mark 14:5) of the disciples murmuring against Mary; it implies that they were moved with indignation
Toleration, Tolerance - Persons of diverse views, habits, temperaments, were attracted to Him, so that Petrine and Johannine minds, the tax-gatherer Matthew and the tax-hater Simon, Nicodemus and Zacchaeus, Martha and Mary, found in Him what they needed
Kidron (1) - ‘Valley of the Lady Mary
on (2) - ) Tradition makes On the place visited by Joseph, Mary, and our Lord, and a sycamore is shown under which they rested in their flight (Hosea 11:1; Matthew 2:15)
Idolatry - Satan has also succeeded in introducing into the professing church the worship of the Virgin Mary and of the saints
Zacharias - ) at the angel' s announcement of John's birth was retributively punished by dumbness (contrast Psalms 116:10; 2 Corinthians 4:13), a warning to Israel whose representative he was of the consequences of unbelief if the nation should reject the gospel just coming; just as Mary on the contrary was an example of the blessedness which would flow if they believed (Luke 1:45; Luke 1:38)
Handicraft - In the New Testament the occupation of a carpenter is mentioned in connection with Joseph the husband of Mary, and our Lord himself was a carpenter
Friends - But it was not till the reign of William and Mary that they obtained any thing like a proper legal protection
Joannes ii, Mercurius, Bishop of Rome - ), and now the Acoemetae , or "Sleepless Monks," of Constantinople argued from it in favour of the Nestorian position that Mary was not truly and properly the mother of God; saying with reason that, if He Who suffered in the flesh was not of the Trinity, neither was He Who was born in the flesh
Paulus, Bishop of Emesa - On the festival the chief church of the city was crowded and Paul having commenced with the "Gloria in excelsis Deo," passed on to Is 7:14 and concluded his exordium with words decisive of the whole controversy "Mary the mother of God brings forth Emmanuel
John the Apostle - His mother, Salome, appears to have been the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40; John 19:25-27)
Gospels (Apocryphal) - In the Protevangelium of James the legendary history of Mary’s antecedents and of the circumstances of Christ’s birth was due not merely to any horror vacui, but to the imperative dogmatic necessity, as the writer conceived it, of safeguarding in this way alike the true Divinity and the true humanity of Jesus Christ. The Protevangelium of James, too, it is clear, was written in the interests of orthodoxy, which were imperilled, alike by the belief current in Jewish-Christian circles that Joseph was the father of Jesus, and by the Gnostic doctrine that, in being born of Mary, Jesus did not partake of her human nature, but passed through her like water through a pipe (Epiphan. In opposition to this double attack on the generally accepted doctrine, the writer of the Protevangelium, while not leaving it in doubt that Jesus was born as a human child (the infant took the breast from His mother), sought to make His Divinity secure by depicting Mary as holy from her birth, as fed only on angels’ food, as conceiving by the word of the Lord, as bringing forth her child in virginity, and as remaining a virgin to the end. It is noteworthy that, although the primary object of the Protevangelium was to safeguard the orthodox conception of Christ’s person against hostile attacks, the method adopted had the result of elevating Mary above the ordinary levels of humanity, and of initiating a movement which, deriving strength from other sources, terminated in the worship of Mary, the All-Holy mother of God. Passages from the Protevangelium stand in the lectionaries of the orthodox Church, for use at the festivals held in honour of Mary and of her reputed parents, Joachim and Anna. On the other hand, their contemporaries, Zeno of Verona, and Prudentius, the greatest poet of early Christian times, drew from the Protevangelium in their works in praise of Mary. ...
Roman Catholic writers have denied their claim to be in any sense authoritative sources of Evangelic history, and have uttered warnings against their incautious use; an unfavourable judgment was passed upon them by the Papal Congregation of Rites as recently as 1884, in connexion with the proposal to celebrate in the following year the nineteen hundredth anniversary of the birth of Mary; but, all this notwithstanding, these apocryphal stories, likened by Harnack to twining plants which, when cut down, spring up again from beneath and choke much that is healthy, have securely rooted themselves in the popular imagination, and have been the fruitful source of many superstitious beliefs
Archangel - Its primary significance has to do with the function of this agent of God, rather than expressing concerns of the nature or being of an angel. The archangel, Gabriel, is the messenger who speaks of the birth of John in Luke 1:11 , Luke 1:19 , and tells Mary of the birth of Jesus (Luke 1:26 )
Banquets - Thus, the sinful woman could come behind the conch where Jesus lay, and anoint His feet (Luke 7:37-38); and Mary, sister of Lazarus (John 12:2-3); and "John leaned on the Lord's bosom" at the last supper (John 13:23; John 13:25)
Paulicians - They treated contemptuously the Virgin Mary, or, according to the usual manner of speaking among the Greeks, they refused to adore and worship her
Harlot - The popular idea of Mary Magdalene as a woman of evil life is rejected by many of the best exegetes
Choice - ...
The central meaning of the terms employed is well shown in the following cases:—‘He marked how they chose out the chief seats’ (Luke 14:7); ‘Mary hath chosen the good part’ (Luke 10:42); ‘He called his disciples, and chose from them twelve, whom also he named apostles’ (Luke 6:13), with which other passages relating to the choice of the Twelve should be compared, viz
Mass - Mary of the Snow, celebrated on the fifth of August; that of St
Idolatry - The veneration which the Papists pay to the Virgin Mary, and other saints and angels, and to the bread in the sacrament, the cross, relics, and images, lays a foundation for the Protestants to charge them with idolatry, though they deny the charge
Company - , "a way or journey together" (sun, "with," hodos, "a way"), denotes, by metonymy, "a company of travelers;" in Luke 2:44 , of the company from which Christ was missed by Joseph and Mary
Handicraft - (2 Samuel 5:11 ) That the Jewish carpenters must have been able to carve with some skill is evident from (Isaiah 41:7 ; 44:13 ) In the New Testament the occupation of a carpenter is mentioned in connection with Joseph the husband of the Virgin Mary, and ascribed to our Lord himself
Harlot - The popular idea of Mary Magdalene as a woman of evil life is rejected by many of the best exegetes
Procopius of Caesarea - The Virgin Mary is often mentioned under the name θεοτόκος ( e
Hymn - They are ascribed to the Virgin Mary, Simeon, Zacharias, and the Angels respectively; but it is more probable that they are to be regarded as original liturgical compositions, refleeting the piety and devotion of the early Jewish-Christian community in Palestine. : (1) The Annunciation to Zacharias (Luke 1:13-17); (2) the Annunciation to Mary (4 parts: Luke 1:28; Luke 1:30-33; Luke 1:35-38); (3) the Annunciation to the Shepherds (2 parts: Luke 2:10; Luke 2:12; Luke 2:14); (4) the Song of Elisabeth (Luke 1:42-45); (5) the Song of Mary (= Magnificat, Luke 1:46-55); (6) the Song of Zacharias (= Benedictus, Luke 1:68-79); (7) the Song of Simeon (= Nunc Dimittis, Luke 2:29; Luke 2:32, to which should be appended Luke 2:34-35)
Dominicans - The Franciscans maintained that the Virgin Mary was born without the blemish of original sin; the Dominicans asserted the contrary. Bernard: at length he assumed that of the Virgin Mary, and, for that purpose, clothed himself in the habits that were employed to adorn the statue of the Virgin in the great festivals. The Dominicans gave him some other draughts, that threw him into convulsions; which were followed by a pipe into the mouths of two images, one of Mary, and another of the child Jesus, the former of which had tears painted upon its cheeks in a lively manner
Upper Room (2) - ...
It is possible that the room in an unspecified house in Jerusalem where the disciples met after the Resurrection (" translation="">Mark 16:14, " translation="">Luke 24:33; " translation="">Luke 24:36, " translation="">John 20:19; " translation="">John 20:26), and ‘the upper chamber (ὑπερῷον) where they were abiding’ after the Ascension (" translation="">Acts 1:13), were the same as the ‘upper room’ (ἀνάγαιον) in which the above events took place; and that this, again, was in ‘the house of Mary the mother of John whose surname was Mark’ (" translation="">Acts 12:12). ‘The combinations are quite legitimate, and only give unity and compactness to the history, if we suppose that the house of Mary and her son was the one central meeting-place of the Church of Jerusalem throughout the Apostolic age’ (Sanday, Sacred Sites, p. At the same time, there is no positive evidence in the NT for identifying the ἀνάγαιον of " translation="">Mark 14:15, " translation="">Luke 22:12 with the ὑπερῷον of " translation="">Acts 1:13, or for placing it in the house of Mary the mother of John
Keeping - … But Mary kept (συνετήρει) all these sayings (or things), pordering them in her heart’ (Luke 2:18 f. ‘The wonder of the many was a transient emotion; this recollecting and brooding of Mary was an abiding habit’ (Bruce, Expos. Once more, in the report given in John’s Gospel of the anointing by Mary in Bethany, we read that Jesus said of Mary’s action, ‘Suffer her to keep (τηρέω) it against the day of my burying’ (John 12:7 Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 )—the meaning of ‘keep it’ evidently being to ‘celebrate this as a rite
Manifestation - Not in the court as a king’s son, not in the Temple as the member of a priestly family, not in the wilderness as the son of some aged solitary who had given up the world, but in the familiar commonplace surroundings of a peasant family, as the Son of Mary, the wife of a village carpenter. Mary and Joseph, who alone knew the secret, read the wonder of it in the spotless life which from infancy to manhood unfolded new beauties every day
Jesus, the Lord - Begotten by the power of the Holy Ghost, He was born of the Virgin Mary, as predicted in Isaiah 7:14 . ' The latter, that the babe born of Mary was 'that Holy thing,' called "the Son of God
Unitarians - Belsham says, "The Unitarian doctrine is, that Jesus of Nazareth was a man constituted in all respects like other men, subject to the same infirmities, the same ignorance, prejudices, and frailties; descended from the family of David, the son of Joseph and Mary, though some indeed still adhere to the popular opinion of the miraculous conception; that he was born in low circumstances, having no peculiar advantages of education or learning, but that he was a man of exemplary character; and that, in conformity to ancient prophecy, he was chosen and appointed by God to introduce a new moral dispensation into the world, the design of which was to abolish the Jewish economy, and to place believing Gentiles upon an equal ground of privilege and favour with the posterity of Abraham; in other words, he was authorized to reveal to all mankind, without distinction, the great doctrine of a future life, in which men shall be rewarded according to their works. After a lapse of twelve centuries, Socinus lowered him another step by declaring his inferiority to the Father; for that he, as well as all other things, was subject to the supreme Creator of the universe; and although he held his mere humanity, yet, inconsistently enough, he would offer him divine worship! Inconsistently it may be said, because the Socinian, on his own principles, thereby incurs the guilt of idolatry as much as the Roman Catholic who worships the Virgin Mary, a mere created being
John the Baptist - " Elisabeth was related to the Virgin Mary; but Scripture does not state the exact relationship; the Greek in 1 Kings 18:36-376 (sungenees ), which our Bible renders "cousin," means any "relation" or "kinswoman," whether by marriage or birth. ...
In the hill country, where Elisabeth had retired, her cousin Mary saluted her, and the babe leaped in Elisabeth's womb
New Orleans, Louisiana, City of - The convent they occupied was the oldest building within the territory of the Louisiana Purchase, and into it they received the first American-born nun, an Iroquois Indian, Mary Turpin
New York, State of - In 1656 a party of French colonists, under Father François Le Mercier and Father Rene Menard, set forth from Quebec and settled near Lake Ganentaa (Onondaga), about five leagues from the earlier settlement, where they erected the church of Saint Mary. Each of the Five Nations then had a mission; the pioneer mission of the Onondagas being restored, Saint Mary's of the Martyrs being established for the Mohawks at Tionnontoguen, near Ossemenon, Saint Francis Xavier's for the Oneidas, Saint Joseph's for the Cayugas, and Saint Michael's for the Senecas
si'Mon - In his house Mary anointed Jesus preparatory to his death and burial
Nestorians - (Nestorius, however, it is said, denied the last position:) that Christ was therefore to be carefully distinguished from God, who dwelt in him as in his temple; and that Mary was to be called the mother of Christ, and not the mother of God
Pride - Using language largely from the Old Testament, Mary tells how God will scatter the proud—possibly a reference to a specific group in society and political life
Hair (2) - ...
It was customary to dress the hair with ointment (Matthew 6:17), and women bestowed much care upon the eoiffure (1 Timothy 2:9; 1 Peter 3:3). ...
When Mary (John 12:3) wiped the feet of Jesus with her hair, she thus ‘testified that, as no sacrifice was too costly for her purse, so no service was too mean for her person’ (Godet, in loc
Philip the Apostle - "...
Sincere in aim, defective in knowledge; for it was Christ who found him, not he Christ (Isaiah 65:1); and Jesus was Son of God, not of Joseph His reputed father, husband of Mary
Hypostatical Union - Nestorius, who had been taught to distinguish accurately between the divine and human nature of Christ, was offended with some expressions commonly used by Christians in the beginning of the fifth century, which seemed to destroy that distinction, and particularly with their calling the Virgin Mary θεοτοκος , as if it were possible for the Godhead to be born
Nestorians - The Catholic clergy were fond of calling the Virgin Mary "Mother of God," to which Nestorius objected, as implying that she was mother of the divine nature, which he very properly denied; and this raised against him, from Cyril and others, the cry of heresy, and perhaps led him into some improper forms of expression and explication
Foot - Anciently it was customary, to wash the feet of strangers coming off a journey, because generally they travelled barefoot, or wore sandals only, which did not secure them from dust or dirt. Mary sat at our Saviour's feet, and heard his word, Luke 10:39
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ - is his existence before he was born of the Virgin Mary
Reformation - In England the sensual despot, King Henry VIII, imposed a schism on the country; Edward VI introduced Protestantism; Mary Tudor, in hasty and harsh fashion, restored the Catholic religion; and Queen Elizabeth, through executions and confiscations, definitively established Anglicanism
Joseph - The husband of Mary and ‘father’ of Jesus. He was betrothed to Mary, a maiden of Nazareth, being probably much her senior, though the tradition of the apocryphal History of Joseph that he was in his ninety-third year and she in her fifteenth is a mere fable. The tradition that he was a widower and had children by his former wife probably arose in the interest of the dogma of Mary’s perpetual virginity. And, when he was apprised of the truth, he was very kind to Mary. Joseph never appears in the Gospel story after the visit to Jerusalem when Jesus had attained the age of twelve years and become ‘a son of the Law’ ( Luke 2:41-51 ); and since Mary always appears alone in the narratives of the public ministry, it is a reasonable inference that he had died during the interval
Mediator - The Socinians, who consider Jesus as a mere man, having no existence till he was born of Mary, necessarily reject the doctrine now stated: and the church of Rome, although they admit the divinity of our Saviour, yet, by the system which they hold with regard to the mediation of Christ, agree with the Socinians in throwing out of the dispensations of the grace of God that beautiful and complete unity which arises from their having been conducted by one person. As that nature did not exist till he was born of Mary, they do not think it possible that he could exercise the office of Mediator under the Old Testament; and as they admit that a mediator is essential to the covenant of grace, they believe that those who lived under the Old Testament, not enjoying the benefit of his mediation, did not obtain complete remission of sins. Saints, martyrs, and especially the Virgin Mary, are called mediatores secundarii, because it is conceived that they hold this character under Christ, and that, by virtue of his mediation, the superfluity of their merits may be applied to procure acceptance with God for our imperfect services
Jesus Christ - These predictions, and many others of like nature, were all fulfilled in Jesus the Son of Mary. Mary, a virgin, betrothed to Joseph of Nazareth, gave birth to Jesus at Bethlehem according to Micah's prophecy
Eusebius, Bishop of Dorylaeum - It draws out the parallel between the doctrines of Nestorius and Paul of Samosata, who both deny that the child born of Mary was the Eternal Word; and ends with an anathema on him who denies the identity of the Only begotten of the Father and the child of Mary
Joseph - JOSEPH, the husband of Mary, and reputed father of Jesus, was the son of Jacob, and grandson of Matthan, Matthew 1:15-16 . It is probable that Joseph died before Christ entered upon his public ministry; for upon any other supposition we are at a loss to account for the reason why Mary, the mother of Jesus, is frequently mentioned in the evangelic narrative, while no allusion is made to Joseph; and, above all, why the dying Saviour should recommend his mother to the care of the beloved disciple John, if her husband had been then living, John 19:25-27
Litany of the Holy Name of Jesus - ...
Jesus, son of the Virgin Mary, have mercy on us
Litany of the Holy Name - ...
Jesus, son of the Virgin Mary, have mercy on us
Dreams - For instance, Joseph, in Matthew 1:1 and Matthew 2:1 , understood the dreams concerning Mary and Herod even though no mention is made of interpretation
Blessing - Included among these are Jesus (Mark 11:9-10 ); children (Mark 10:13-16 ); Mary (Luke 1:42,48 ); the disciples (Luke 24:50 ); those who "have not seen and yet have believed" (John 20:29 ); and those who endure trials (James 1:12 ; 5:11 )
Holy Name, Litany of the - ...
Jesus, son of the Virgin Mary, have mercy on us
Joy - The angel's greeting (chaire ) to Mary followed by "highly favored, " a word of the same family in Greek, may be taken as a command to rejoice as the Redeemer's mother (Luke 1:28 )
Fruit - Examples include myrrh (aromatic gum of the tree/bush of Arabia, Ethiopia, and Somalia), cinnamon (of the cinnamon tree), and olive oil for the sacred oil for the tabernacle (Exodus 30:22-33 ); the fragrant spices of gum resin (the aromatic myrrh gum), onycha (made from mollusk shells), galbanum (resin from plant roots), and frankincense (resin from a small tree/bush from Ubar, Oman) for the sacred fragrant tabernacle incense (Exodus 30:34-38 ); frankincense and myrrh given by the magi in their worship of Jesus (Matthew 2:11 ); the nard (perfume made from a Middle East plant) Mary poured out in worship on the feet of Jesus (John 12:3 ); the seventy-five-pound mixture of myrrh and aloes (aromatic resin of a Near Eastern tree) Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus used in wrapping up the body of Jesus (John 19:39-40 ) and the spices and perfumes the women took to the tomb to anoint the body of Jesus (Mark 16:1 ; Luke 23:56-24:1 )
Matthew - 1 Maccabees 11:30), and consequently assume that James the Less of Mark 15:40 is the son of Alphaeus, it is extremely unlikely that Matthew’s name would be omitted in Mark 15:40 if he were one of the sons of Mary and the brother of James, Joses, and Salome
Joseph - Husband of Mary the mother of Jesus
Trouble - 1), is used of the Virgin Mary, Luke 1:29
John the Apostle - It is probable that his mother was Salome, one of the women who ‘ministered’ to Christ in Galilee ( Mark 15:41 ), a sister of Mary the mother of Jesus. ...
The last passage is best understood as naming four women who stood by the Cross of Jesus His mother, His mother’s sister Salome, Mary wife of Clopas who was also mother of James and Joses, and Mary Magdalene. The interpretation which would find only three persons in the list, and identify Mary ‘of Clopas’ with the sister of Jesus’ mother, is open to the objection that two sisters would have the same name, and it involves other serious difficulties
Brother - For Mary, the mother of James and Joses, was the wife of Cleophas, and not the Virgin Mary
Cerinthus, Opponent of Saint John - Now it is Christ Who is born of Mary and Joseph (Epiph. 1), now it is Jesus Who is born like other men, born of Joseph and Mary; He differs from others only in being more righteous, more prudent, and more wise; it is not till after baptism, when Jesus has reached manhood, that Christ, "that is to say, the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove," descends upon Jesus from above ( ἄνωθεν ἐκ τοῦ ἄνω Θεοῦ· ἀπὸ τῆς ὑπὲρ τὰ ὅλα αὐθεντείας , Iren. ...
The following primary and secondary authorities upon Cerinthus may be mentioned: Irenaeus, adv
Diodorus, Presbyter of Antioch - It followed that Mary could not be properly termed the "mother of God," nor God the Word be strictly called the Son of David, that designation belonging, according to human descent, to the temple in which the Divine Son tabernacled. Diodorus therefore distinguished two Sons, the Son of God and the son of Mary, combined in the person of Christ
Symbol - Certain characters in the Bible, such as Jonah, Mary Magdalene, Herod, Judas, have come to be identified with special types of character and conduct, and are said to be symbolical of those classes
Marriage - The betrothed couple were at once looked upon as husband and wife, as seen in the case of Joseph, who thought of divorcing his espoused wife Mary
Woman - God highly favored Mary with the privilege of bearing and rearing his Son; the most detailed accounts of Christ's birth seem to reflect Mary's (and Elizabeth's) perspective and may well have been transmitted by her (Luke 1-2 ). The later, similar actions of Mary of Bethany elicit Jesus' praise in language evocative of the memorializing of Jesus himself in the Lord's Supper (Mark 14:9 )!...
Women play an important role among Jesus' followers. Jesus specifically praises Mary of Bethany for choosing to "sit at his feet" and learn from him (Luke 10:38-42 )a quasi-technical reference to a disciple being trained by a rabbi and a practice usually denied to women in Jewish circles. Martha's traditional preoccupation for domestic chores receives only censure! Jesus chooses women as the first witnesses to his resurrection (Luke 24:1-12 ), even though their testimony would have been thrown out of a legal court, and Mary Magdalene becomes the "apostle to the (male ) apostles" (John 20:1-2,18 )
Thecla - In the West her name is similarly joined with that of Agnes as a virgin worthy to rank with Mary herself, by Ambrose ( de Lapsu Virg. Martin of Tours was favoured with a vision, in which Mary, Agnes, and Thecla appeared and conversed with him (Migne, Patr. Ambrose likewise associates her with Mary the Lord's mother, and Miriam, Moses' sister ( Ep. 125) also associates her with Mary and Miriam, promising that they shall welcome Eustochium, to whom he writes, into the virgin choir of heaven
Holy Spirit - Similarly, the angel Gabriel visited Mary with the news that “The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest will overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee will be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:35 )
Thomas - " Like Mary Magdalene (John 20:13) Thomas appropriates Jesus to himself, "my Lord and, my God
Minister - minister = ‘ servant ,’ and generally it may be said that wherever it is found in the Bible, whether in OT or in NT, its original meaning is its primary one, service being the idea it is specially meant to convey. The personal services rendered to Jesus by Martha, Mary, and other women ( Luke 10:40 , John 12:2 , Matthew 27:55 ), and to St
Guest-Chamber - ); the later anointing by Mary of Bethany in the house of Simon the Leper (John 12:1 ff
Rome - The diocese comprises 66 parishes, 56 in the city and 10 in the suburbs, with 362 churches and chapels and 550 secular priests; also the four great basilicas: Saint John Lateran, Saint Peter's, Saint Paul's Outside the Walls, and Saint Mary Major
Bride - This is the reason that the angel addressed Joseph, the betrothed husband of Mary, in these terms: "Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife; for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. " The Evangelist Luke gives her the same title: "And Joseph also went up from Galilee unto Bethlehem, to be taxed, with Mary his espoused wife," Luke 2:4-5
Jesus Christ - The walk of the risen Christ with those burning hearts en route to Emmaus, the appearance of the risen Christ first to Mary Magdalene, the appearance and commissions of the risen Christ to His disciples—these things which no other experience can duplicate nor any other religious movement validate claimed the Christians' attention in an unforgetable way. The time of His final coming is not a Christian's primary concern (Acts 1:5-6 ). Jesus came from Mary; but ultimately He came from God via a lineage that extends back to Adam, who was the direct child of God. ...
Summary Christ is the way to God
Simeon - In his house at Bethany Mary anointed the Lord's feet (Matthew 26:6, etc. He was probably father of Martha, Mary, and Lazarus; perhaps for a time he was away through leprosy, so that he is not named in Luke 10:38 where the house is called Martha's house, nor John 11, but in Mark 14:3
Impostors - Lastly, in our own day, we have Rasputin, "the mad monk"; Dowie, of "Elijah" fame; Mary Baker G
Black People And Biblical Perspectives - ” Bible stories became the substance of spirituals and jubilee songs: “Didn't My Lord Deliver Daniel, Then Why Not Every Man,” “Go Down Moses,” “Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho,” “Little David, Play On Your Harp,” “O Mary, Don't You Weep
Cosmetics - ...
The perfumes could be produced as a dry powder and kept in perfume boxes (Isaiah 3:20 ), or as an ointment and kept in alabaster jars, such as the spikenard with which Mary anointed Jesus (John 12:3 )
France - According to tradition, Christianity was introduced in Apostolic times into the Roman province of Gaul which is supposed to have been visited by Saint Lazarus, Saint Mary Magdalen, Saint Martha, Saint Dionysius the Areopagite, and Saint Crescens
Look - ...
A — 6: ἐπιβλέπω (Strong's #1914 — Verb — epiblepo — ep-ee-blep'-o ) "to look upon" (epi, "upon"), is used in the NT of favorable regard, Luke 1:48 , RV, "he hath looked upon" (AV, "hath regarded"), of the low estate of the Virgin Mary; in Luke 9:38 , in a request to the Lord to "look" upon an afflicted son; in James 2:3 , RV, "ye have regard" (AV, "
Surprise - The marvel began with Joseph and Mary in the Temple at Simeon’s prophecy, and at Jesus’ own words (Luke 2:33; Luke 2:50)
Adoption - So Mary, being daughter of Heli, and Joseph her husband being adopted by him on marrying his daughter, an heiress (as appears from her going to Bethlehem to be registered in her pregnancy), Joseph is called in Luke's genealogy son of Heli
Ephesus - Another, more dubious tradition states that Mary the mother of Jesus also died in Ephesus
Spirit - ...
It was Mary's spirit that rejoiced (Luke 1:47 ). He was "deeply moved in spirit" when he saw Mary weeping over the death of Lazarus (John 11:33 )
Gamaliel - The importance of this latter factor is borne out by unanimous Rabbinic tradition and is attested by the fact that Gamaliel was the first among the seven teachers who received the title Rabban-a higher form of Rabbi, which in the form Rabboni is applied to the risen Jesus by Mary Magdalene (John 20:16)
James, the Lord's Brother - ...
That the ‘brethren of the Lord’ were the sons of Mary and Joseph is the natural, though not inevitable, inference from the language of Scripture (Matthew 1:25, Luke 2:7, Mark 6:3, etc. Those who prefer to believe otherwise, hold either (1) that they were the sons of Joseph by a former marriage, or (2) the sons of Mary’s sister
Eutyches And Eutychianism - The synod professed its belief in "Jesus Christ the only-begotten Son of God, perfect God and perfect man, of a reasonable soul and body subsisting, begotten before all ages, without beginning; of the Father according to the Godhead, but in these last days for our sake and for our salvation born of the Virgin Mary, according to the manhood; consubstantial with the Father, as touching His Godhead, and consubstantial with the mother, as touching His manhood. In his belief, He Who was born of the Virgin Mary was very God and very man, but His body was not of like substance with ours. " Flavian, Florentius, Basil of Seleucia, and others, pressed upon him "If you admit that Mary is consubstantial with us, and that Christ took His manhood from her, it naturally follows that He, according to His manhood, is consubstantial with us. Diogenes of Cyzicus urged that Eutyches had not repeated the Nicene Creed as it then stood; for the second general council (Constantinople, 381) had certainly appended (against Apollinaris and Macedonius) to the words "He was incarnate," the words "by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary," though he considered this an explanation rather than an addition; but the Egyptian bishops present disclaimed (as Cyril had previously done) any such revised version of the Nicene confession and greeted the words of Diogenes with loud disapproval. We then," was the conclusion, "following the holy Fathers, all with one consent teach men to confess one and the same Son, one Lord Jesus Christ; the same perfect in Godhead and also perfect in manhood; truly God and truly man, of a reasonable soul and body; consubstantial with the Father according to the Godhead, and consubstantial with us according to the manhood; in all things like unto us without sin; begotten before all ages of the Father according to the Godhead, and in these latter days, for us and for our salvation, born of Mary, the Virgin Mother of God, according to the Manhood; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, Only-begotten, to be acknowledged in two natures, inconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably (ἐν δύο φύσεσιν ἀσυγχύτως, ἀτρέπτως, ἀδιαιρέτως, ἀχωρίστως γνωριζόμενον ), the distinction of natures being by no means taken away by the union, but rather the property of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one person and one hypostasis, not parted or divided into two persons, but one and the same Son and Only-begotten, God the Word, the Lord Jesus Christ, as the prophets from the beginning have declared concerning Him, and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself has taught us, and the creed of the holy Fathers has delivered to us
the Penitent Thief - ' For our Lord never, all His life, got such a surprise and such a delight as He got on the cross that day,-not from Peter, not from the Syrophænician woman, not from the centurion, not from Mary Magdalene, as He got on His cross that morning from the thief who hung beside Him. Mary Magdalene herself, with all her love, had given Him up as for ever dead
Education (2) - ]'>[5] It may be assumed that Joseph and Mary would be no less zealous than others in the discharge of this sacred and imperative duty. ]'>[19] ...
Not being designed for a Rabbi, Jesus never studied at any of the Scribal Colleges; but once He sat at the feet of the Rabbis in the House of the Midrash at Jerusalem—on that memorable occasion when, on attaining the age of twelve years and becoming ‘a son of the Law,’ He for the first time (?) accompanied Joseph and Mary on their annual pilgrimage to the sacred capital to celebrate the Feast of the Passover
Versions of the Scripture, English - Rogers, when indicted in the days of Mary, is called Joannes Rogers, alias Matthew, and his martyrdom followed. It, however, held its ground until Queen Mary ascended the throne, when a stop was put to all Bible-printing in England
Macarius Magnus, Magnes, a Writer - Mark, as read by the objector and by Macarius, contained the disputed verses at the end, as is seen also from his mentioning that out of Mary Magdalen had been cast seven devils (see Orig. 93); the four watches of the night (Mat_14:25) mean the ages of the patriarchs of the law of the prophets and of Christ; in Elijah's vision the strong wind was the patriarchal dispensation which swept away the worship of idols; the earthquake was the law of Moses at the giving of which the mountains leaped like rams; the fire was the word of prophecy (Jer_20:9); the still small voice was the message of Gabriel to Mary
Kiss - Poor Mary at the feet of Jesus meant to express all these and more, when she washed his feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head, when she kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment
Excommunication - ...
The form of excommunication in the church of England anciently ran thus: "By the authority of God the Father Almighty, the Son, and Holy Ghost, and of Mary the blessed mother of God, we excommunicate, anathematize, and sequester from the holy mother church, & 100:" The causes of excommunication in England are, contempt of the bishops' court, heresy, neglect of public worship and the sacraments, incontinency, adultery, simony, &c
Burial - )...
Mary stooped to look in, because the door was low; the angel sat on the stone rolled aside into its recess, as the women drew near (Matthew 28:2; John 20:11; compare Isaiah 22:16; Luke 23:53)
Nicodemus - Like Mary who "anointed Christ's body to the burying," "what Nicodemus did is and shall be spoken of for a memorial of him wheresoever the gospel is preached throughout the whole world
Ointment - When Mary anointed Jesus with a pound of costly ointment, Judas Iscariot rebuked Jesus because the ointment was worth the equivalent of one year's salary (John 12:3-8 )
Goodness - Such conceptions would be born of the goodness within Himself, that breathed out in the intense sympathy of the story of the woman taken in sin (John 7:53 to John 8:11), or the defence of Mary Magdalene in the house of Simon the Pharisee (Luke 7:36 ff
Certainty (2) - On the one hand, the foundation of certainty is the faithfulness of God: this is well illustrated in the case of Zacharias (Luke 1:18-20), and in that of Mary (Luke 1:37-38)
Bethabara - 24) that Bethany is found in almost all copies and in Heracleon, but after personal investigation of the district (γενόμενοι ἐν τοῖν τόποις ἐπὶ ἱστορίαν τῶν ἰχνῶν Ἰησοῦ καὶ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ) he prefers ‘Bethabara’ on the twofold ground of the distance of Bethany, the country of Lazarus and Martha and Mary, from the Jordan, and of the non-existence of any place bearing the latter name within the Jordan Valley
Mendicants - They treated with the utmost insolence and contempt all the different orders of the priesthood; they affirmed, without a blush, that the true method of obtaining salvation was revealed to them alone; proclaimed with ostentation the superior efficacy and virtue of their indulgences; and vaunted beyond measure their interest at the court of heaven, and their familiar connexions with the Supreme Being, the Virgin Mary, and the saints in glory
Friends Friendship - When, for example, Martha was feverishly busy with domestic cares, Mary was with Jesus, not saying much perhaps, nor even listening in that hour to parable or precept, but ministering to Him the ‘one thing needful’-the quiet, loving, sympathetic response to One who cased a heavy spirit to her as He could not do to His uncomprehending apostles
Angels - Gabriel is the only other name of an angel revealed to us: he appeared to Daniel, to Zacharias, and to Mary: he said that he stood in the presence of God
Rab - And Mary Magdalene, when she saw Christ after his resurrection, "said unto him, Rabboni,"...
John 20:16 , that is, my rabban, like my lord in English; for rabbon is the same with rabban, only pronounced according to the Syriac dialect
Bible - Coverdale and some other prelates, who resided at Geneva during the bloody reign of Mary, published there another edition in 1560, hence called the Geneva Bible
Egypt - Even the New Testament opens with a reference to Egypt, for Mary and Joseph spent a time there with the baby Jesus (Matthew 2:13-15)
Ignatius - authentic Epistles and also manufactured six additional letters-Mary of Cassobola (there is a Cilician town called Castabala, possibly the same as Cassobola) to Ignatius, Ignatius to Mary of Cassobola, to the Tarsians, to the Philippians, to the Antiochenes, and to Hero the Deacon. ...
Three other spurious letters of Ignatius may be passed over quickly-one supposed to be addressed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, with the Virgin’s reply, and two addressed to the Apostle John. At first only the Latin collection comprising the Epistles to the Apostle John and the Virgin Mary, or the three apocryphal letters published in Paris in 1495, were known
Jesus, Life And Ministry of - When He taught in Nazareth, the townspeople asked, “Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us?” (Mark 6:3 ; compare Luke 4:22 ). Though two Gospels, Matthew and Luke, tell of His mother Mary's miraculous conception and of Jesus' virgin birth, these matters were not public knowledge during His time on earth, for “Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart” (Luke 2:19 ; compare Luke 2:51 ). Seldom, if ever, did He apply to Himself the customary terms “Messiah” or “Son of God
Brotherhood (2) - ’ The Son of Mary, of David, of Abraham, was also Son of Adam (Luke 3:38) and one of the race. Paul’s summary of OT teaching (Romans 3:9-18). How far Mary and His brothers were from understanding Him, how wide the gulf was that separated Him from them, is shown by the fact recorded in Mark 3:21 that they regarded Him as out of His mind
James the Lord's Brother - Jesus was Mary's first-born son, and James was her second son. When Mary's first-born Son was twelve years old it was the law of Moses that He should be taken up to Jerusalem to His first passover. Not another syllable more is told us about Joseph or Mary, or any of their household, till the preaching of the Baptist broke in on that house, as on all the houses of the land, like the coming of the kingdom of heaven. And, then, think of the last week of all; the arrest, the trial, the crucifixion, the resurrection of Mary's first-born Son-whose imagination is sufficient to picture to itself Joseph and Mary and James and the other brothers and sisters of Jesus all that week! Where did they make ready to eat the passover? What were they doing at the hour when He was in Gethsemane? Were they standing with the crowd in the street when He was led about all night in His bonds? And where were they while He was being crucified? For, by that time, no one believed on Him but the thief on the cross alone
John, the Gospel According to - He omits Christ's baptism, temptation, mission of the twelve, transfiguration (of which he was one of the three selected eye witnesses), the Lord's supper, and the agony in Gethsemane, yet incidental hints show his taking them for granted as known already (John 1:14; John 1:32; John 13:2; John 14:30; John 18:1; John 18:11), which last refers to the very words of His prayer during the agony, recorded by the synoptists, an undesigned coincidence and so a proof of authenticity; John 14:30 is the link between the temptation (Luke 4:13) and His agony (Luke 22:40-53); John 11:1 assumes the reader's acquaintance with Mary and Martha, from Luke 10:38. In John 12 the anointing by Mary is repeated for its connection with Judas' subsequent history
Version - " ...
This was followed by Tyndale's translation (1525-1531); Miles Coverdale's (1535-1553); Thomas Matthew's (1537), really, however, the work of John Rogers, the first martyr under the reign of Queen Mary
Sin - , "flesh of sin," the flesh stands for the body, the instrument of indwelling "sin" [1], and as an offering for sin," i
Cerinthians - The Gnostics, like their leader, Simon Magus, had all of them been Docetae and denied the real humanity; but Cerinthus is said to have maintained that Jesus had a real body, and was the son of human parents, Joseph and Mary
James - ...
JAMES THE LESS, surnamed the brother of our Lord, Galatians 1:19 , was the son of Cleopas, otherwise called Alpheus, and Mary, sister to the blessed virgin; consequently, he was cousin-german to Jesus Christ. This epistle is written with great perspicuity and energy, and it contains an excellent summary of those practical duties and moral virtues which are required of Christians
Prophets - There are several prophetesses mentioned in Scripture; as Miriam, Deborah, and Huldah; and in the New Testament, Anna, Elisabeth, and Mary, and the four daughters of Philip seem to have partaken for a time of prophetic inspiration
Rabbulas, Bishop of Edessa - 469), denouncing Theodore as the author of the heresy of Nestorius, which denied that Mary was truly the mother of God
Bethlehem - 13) says, ‘The angel commanded the beast to stop, for her time to bear had come; and he directed the Blessed Mary to come down from the animal and to enter a cave below a cavern in which there was never any light, but always darkness, because it could not receive the light of day. And when the Blessed Mary had entered it, it began to become light with all lightness, as if it had been the sixth hour of the day. Mary of the Nativity, built by order of the Emperor Constantine
Christ in the Early Church - Ignatius speaks in significant language of the Incarnation, of the human life, sufferings, resurrection, and continued existence of Christ; and of His double nature; ‘There is one only physician, of flesh and of spirit, born and unborn, God in man, true life in death, Son of Mary and Son of God, first passible and then impassible, Jesus Christ our Lord’ (Eph. The Gnostic Christ was not really born of Mary, nor did He truly suffer. (α) The teaching of Nestorius, in which there are distinct traces of Gnosticism, practically made two persons of Christ, by denying that the infant child of Mary could properly be called ‘God’; and by asserting apparently that at some time after the birth of Jesus, the Divine Logos united Itself with Him. The key-word which the Church adopted to refute Nestorius was the title Theotokos, ‘mother of God,’ applied to the Virgin Mary
Christ in the Middle Ages - The body of Christ he regarded as a part of the Adamic mass, which was constituted a body by the act of assumption, conceived by Mary not by carnal concupiscence, but by spiritual faith (Dorner, Pers. If a personal and highly sympathetic supernatural was desiderated, this was to be found in the Virgin Mary, who had already been exalted to almost Divine proportions. Yet he did not wholly ignore the historical, and maintained that God revealed Himself as Father in Abraham, as Son in Mary, and as Holy Spirit daily in us. The Holy Spirit took of the most pure blood of the virginal heart of Mary, which was glowing with the powerful flame of love, and created of it a perfectly pure little body with all its members, and a pure clean soul, and united these together
Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch - 1, where the virginity of Mary is said to have been concealed from the devil. of Antioch after Peter, who in the persecution fought with beasts at Rome, that the virginity of Mary escaped the prince of this world" (Ignat. 1, concerning Satan's ignorance of the virginity of Mary. Thenceforward we have had the longer and the shorter (or Vossian) recensions, the former containing the 7 Eusebian epistles in a longer text and also epistles of Mary of Castabala to Ignatius, with his reply, of Ignatius to the Tarsians, Philippians, Antiochenes, and Hero, his successor; the Vossian comprising only the Eusebian letters and those in a shorter text. Hence Daillé derived his "palmary argument" (c
Nestorius And Nestorianism - 32), "Let no man call Mary θεοτόκος , for Mary was human, and it is impossible that God could be born from a human being. But, as was usual with him, he deprecated all noisy applause on the part of his hearers—therein displaying better taste than most of his contemporaries—and went on to declare that he did not object to the term θεοτόκος , provided Mary were not made into a goddess. Even at the council he had gone so far as to say, "Let Mary be called θεοτόκος , and let all this tumult cease
Sympathy - It was this attitude towards the individual—an attitude so different from the conventional attitude of the religious world of the day—that gave Him power over such a soul as Mary Magdalene. In the Garden He uttered the one word ‘Mary’ (John 20:16)
Birds - Mary brought such an offering after the birth of Christ (Leviticus 12:8 ; Luke 2:24 ). Mary offered a pigeon and two turtledoves after Jesus' birth (