What does Levites mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
הַלְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 37
הַלְוִיִּ֖ם the descendants of Levi 17
הַלְוִיִּ֑ם the descendants of Levi 16
הַלְוִיִּֽם the descendants of Levi 15
הַלְוִיִּ֗ם the descendants of Levi 15
הַלְוִיִּם֙ the descendants of Levi 11
וְהַלְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 11
לַלְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 9
הַלְוִיִּ֜ם the descendants of Levi 8
וְהַלְוִיִּ֞ם the descendants of Levi 6
לַלְוִיִּ֑ם the descendants of Levi 6
וְהַלְוִיִּ֑ם the descendants of Levi 5
וְהַלְוִיִּ֖ם the descendants of Levi 5
הַלְוִיִּ֣ם the descendants of Levi 5
לַלְוִיִּֽם the descendants of Levi 4
וְהַלְוִיִּֽם the descendants of Levi 4
וְהַ֨לְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 3
וְהַלְוִיִּ֤ם the descendants of Levi 3
וְהַלְוִיִּ֣ם the descendants of Levi 3
הַלְוִיִּם֩ the descendants of Levi 3
לַלְוִיִּ֛ם the descendants of Levi 3
וְהַלְוִיִּ֗ם the descendants of Levi 3
וְלַלְוִיִּ֑ם the descendants of Levi 3
לַלְוִיִּ֖ם the descendants of Levi 3
הַלְוִיִּם֒ the descendants of Levi 3
לַלְוִיִּ֗ם the descendants of Levi 3
וְהַלְוִיִּ֛ם the descendants of Levi 3
הַ֠לְוִיִּם the descendants of Levi 3
וְהַלְוִיִּם֩ the descendants of Levi 2
וְלַלְוִיִּ֖ם the descendants of Levi 2
וְ֠הַלְוִיִּם the descendants of Levi 2
הַלְוִיִּ֡ם the descendants of Levi 2
וְהַלְוִיִּם֙ the descendants of Levi 2
הַלְוִיִּ֥ם the descendants of Levi 2
הַלְוִיִּם֮ the descendants of Levi 2
וְלַלְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 2
הַלְוִיִּ֛ם the descendants of Levi 2
וְֽהַלְוִיִּ֑ם the descendants of Levi 2
וְהַלְוִיִּ֜ם the descendants of Levi 1
וְלַ֨לְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 1
לַלְוִיִּ֜ם the descendants of Levi 1
לַלְוִיִּם֩ the descendants of Levi 1
לַלְוִיִּם֙ the descendants of Levi 1
וְהַלְוִיִּ֡ם the descendants of Levi 1
לְוִיֵּ֖נוּ the descendants of Levi 1
הַלְוִיִּ֤ם the descendants of Levi 1
λευίτας one of the tribe of Levi. / in a narrower sense those were called Levites who 1
הַֽלְוִיִּֽם the descendants of Levi 1
וְהַלְוִיִּ֥ם the descendants of Levi 1
לַלְוִיִּ֤ם the descendants of Levi 1
לַ֠לְוִיִּם the descendants of Levi 1
וּמֵֽהַלְוִיִּ֔ם the descendants of Levi 1
בַּלְוִיִּֽם the descendants of Levi 1
הַלְוִיִּ֧ם the descendants of Levi 1
וְאַחֲרֵיהֶ֗ם after the following part 1
וְהַלְוִיִּם֒ the descendants of Levi 1
הַלְוִיִּ֨ם the descendants of Levi 1
הַלֵּוִ֖י the descendants of Levi 1
וְלַלְוִיִּ֗ם the descendants of Levi 1
וְ֠לֵוָיֵא the descendants of Levi 1
וְלֵוָיֵ֗א the descendants of Levi 1
וְלֵוָיֵא֙ the descendants of Levi 1
וְלֵוָיֵ֜א the descendants of Levi 1
: לַלְוִיִּ֑ם the descendants of Levi 1

Definitions Related to Levites

H3881


   1 the descendants of Levi, the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah.
      1a the tribe descended from Levi specially set aside by God for His service.
      Additional Information: Levite = see Levi “joined to”.
      

H3879


   1 the descendants of Levi, the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah.
      1a the tribe descended from Levi specially set aside by God for His service.
      Additional Information: Levite = see Levi “joined to”.
      

H310


   1 after the following part, behind (of place), hinder, afterwards (of time).
      1a as an adverb.
         1a1 behind (of place).
         1a2 afterwards (of time).
      1b as a preposition.
         1b1 behind, after (of place).
         1b2 after (of time).
         1b3 besides.
      1c as a conjunction.
      1c after that.
      1d as a substantive.
         1d1 hinder part.
      1e with other prepositions. 1e1 from behind. 1e2 from following after.
         

G3019


   1 one of the tribe of Levi.
   2 in a narrower sense those were called Levites who, not being of the race of Aaron, for whom alone the priesthood was reserved, served as assistants to the priests.
   It was their duty to keep the sacred utensils and the temple clean, to provide the sacred loaves, to open and shut the gates of the temple, to sing the sacred hymns in the temple, and to do many other things.
   

Frequency of Levites (original languages)

Frequency of Levites (English)

Dictionary

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Levites
The descendants of Levi, the third son of Jacob by Lia. The whole tribe of Levi by the command of God was set apart for the service of the sanctuary. Therefore in the apportionment of the land of Chanaan, the tribe of Levi received no tribal territory (Jos., 13). In lieu of land they received the tithes and also four cities with suburban pasture lands from each of the other tribes of Israel. As most of their duties required a man's full strength, the Levites usually entered active service at 30. At the exodus from Egypt the male descendants of Levi from a month old and upward numbered 22,000. In the journey through the wilderness the number of the Levites from 30 years up to 50 years, the year of superannuation, was 8580 (Numbers 4). Aaron and his sons were chosen for the priesthood (Exodus 8); the subordinate offices of the Temple and many other public services were assigned to the rest of the tribe.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Levites
The men of Levi, the sacerdotal tribe, all ministers, out of whom the priests were taken, namely, Aaron's family. Levi's wild zeal against the defiler of Dinah was the forerunner of the Levites' zeal against impure idolaters. The antiquity and genuineness of Genesis are marked by the absence of all notice of Levi's subsequent greatness as the priest tribe. The genealogy (Genesis 46:11) goes no further down than Levi's three sons; these too are named in their order of birth, not giving Kohath the prominence which his family had subsequently, He has four clans in Exodus 6:16-25, Gershon and Merari but two each. Amram, Aaron, and Moses belonged to his stock (Exodus 4:14). The firstborn "young men" of Israel were the priests to offer sacrifices (Exodus 24:5) before the law, representing the priestly nation (Exodus 19:6; Exodus 19:22; Exodus 19:24). (See LEVI on the Levites' promotion to be the priestly tribe for their zeal in the Lord's cause.)
Levi became "an Israel within an Israel," the witness and guard of the truth. Substituted for the firstborn males of all Israel whom Jehovah claimed as His when He saved Israel from the stroke on Egypt's firstborn; the Levites, 22,000; the firstborn males, 22,273; the odd 273 above were to be redeemed at five shekels each (Numbers 3:45-51), the fixed price for redeeming a victim vowed in sacrifice (Numbers 18:16; Leviticus 27:6). The Levites' cattle were taken for the firstlings of Israel's cattle (compare Exodus 13:12-13). The Levites marching from Sinai round the tabernacle were the heavenly King's royal guard; none else was to approach it on pain of death (Numbers 1:51; Numbers 18:22; Numbers 4:3-30).
The priests occupied the eastern side of the tabernacle, inside Judah the leading camp; the Kohathites the southern side, inside Reuben; the Gershonites the western side, inside Ephraim; the Merarites the northern, inside Daniel The aggregate of Gershonites (Numbers 3:22), Kohathites (Exodus 13:1-2,), and Merarites (Numbers 3:34), is 22,300; but in the redemption 300 are deducted (probably the firstborn in Levi within the year that had elapsed since the command was issued, Numbers 3:40-43), and 22,000 taken as substituted for Israel's male firstborn. Levi in this census was the fewest tribe in numbers, but in the other tribes servants not pure Israelites were enumerated, whereas in Levi only pure Israelites. The number of Israel's firstborn males (22,273) compared with the male adults (603,550) is disproportionately small, the proportion being usually one in four.
But the law of Numbers 3:28 dedicated those alone who should be firstborn thenceforward (compare Exodus 2; Exodus 11-12; Numbers 3:13; Numbers 8:17), for the duties of the firstborn referred to a ritual yet to be revealed, and the firstborn of cattle must mean those thereafter firstborn. Thus the proportion of firstborn sons in one year born of 2,000,000 of men is so large as can be explained only by the divine blessing, and the sudden development which the Exodus gave to the nation. The Levites stood midway between the people and the priesthood, which culminated in the high priest. They could not sacrifice, burn incense, or see the "holy things" until covered (Nehemiah 8:7-83). Yet they came nearer than the people, and they alone struck the tent in marching, carried its parts, and pitched it again. Their work needed matured strength; so their service began not until 30 years old (with a previous probationary period of five years: Numbers 8:24), whereas military service began at 20. At 50 their service ceased (Numbers 8:25-26).
So, of 8,600 Kohathites, 2,750 were on duty, of 7,500 Gershonites 2,630, of 6,200 Merarites 3,200 (Numbers 4). The Kohathites held the highest office and bore the ark (except on solemn occasions when the priests bore it: Joshua 3:3; Joshua 3:15) and vessels, after the priest had covered them (Numbers 4:15). The Gershonites bore the tent hangings and curtains; the Merarites the tabernacle boards, bars, and pillars; the Kohathites under Eleazar bore the vessels on their shoulders (Numbers 7:9); the Gershonites and Merarites under Ithamar (Numbers 4:28; Numbers 4:33), because of their weighty charge, were allowed oxen and wagons. The Levites were Jehovah's and Israel's 1 Chronicles 9:2; the Levites' subordinates) and "joined" (as Levi means) to the priests (Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:19; Numbers 18:2; Numbers 18:4; Numbers 18:6).
The Levites were purified for service with bathing, shaving, washing clothes, imposition of Israel' s hands, waving them as a wave offering to Jehovah (compare our gospel "living sacrifice," Romans 12:1) toward the four points of the compass, in token of entire consecration of all their powers; the Levite then laid hands on one bullock offered for a sin offering and another for a burnt offering. Korah's rebellion through seeking the priesthood was followed by a fresh defining of the Levites' office (Numbers 16; Numbers 18:1-7). The Levites received a tithe or tenth of all produce, animal and vegetable, of which they had to pay the priests a tithe (Numbers 18:20-32). A second tithe the Israelites used for the tabernacle feasts and free will offerings, and of this second tithe the Levites should receive a share (Deuteronomy 14:23; Deuteronomy 14:27), especially when ministering (Deuteronomy 18:7-8).
Forty-eight cities were appointed them (four on the average from each tribe), including the six cities of refuge and (of suburbs, meadow for their cattle) 1,000 cubits out from the city walls, each of the four sides being 2,000 cubits long. (See GEZER.) The phrase "the Levite that is within thy gates" is appropriate (Deuteronomy 14:27), for the Levites' cities did not cease to belong to the tribes within which they lay. Thus Levites are occasionally spoken of as belonging to other tribes, namely, those within whose territory they resided (1 Deuteronomy 8:6; Judges 17:7; 1 Samuel 1:1). Elkanah a Levite is called an "Ephrathite," "Heman the Ezrahite," i.e. from Zerah of Judah (title Psalm 88; Psalm 89). "The priests the Levites" on the peculiar use of Levites without distinction from the priests) were to determine controversies and to preserve the law in the side of the ark, and in the seventh year at the feast of tabernacles read it before Israel, and pronounce the curses from Ebal (Deuteronomy 17:9-12; Deuteronomy 31:9-13; Deuteronomy 31:26; Deuteronomy 27:14). (See DEUTERONOMY.)
The Hivite Gibeonites (Joshua 9:27) and the Nethinim relieved the Levites of their more burdensome duties subsequently. (See NETHINIM.) Micah's consecration of the homeless Levite as his household priest implies a relapse in dark times to the original household priesthood. It was a Korahlike usurpation on the part of the Levite (Judges 17). Samuel the Levite, adopted into the priesthood, revived the divine order. The Levites were among his schools of the prophets, whose training consisted in praise, prayer, and study of the law. Hence enlarged views of acceptable worship appear in the Levite Asaph's Psalm 50. The ark after its restoration from the Philistines was in charge of Abinadab in the hill, or Gibeah, or Kirjath Jearim (Deuteronomy 31:9-130; 2 Samuel 6:3), probably an old Canaanite highplace sanctuary. David's words (1 Chronicles 15:2) imply that heretofore Levites had not been in charge of the ark, therefore that Abinadab was not a Levite possibly (?). "None ought. to carry the ark of God but the Levites, for them hath Jehovah chosen."
Saul's assumption of sacrificing, his slaughter of the priests at Nob and of the serving Gibeonites, imply his self-willed impatience of the prominence of the priest tribe. Accordingly, at Hebron, 4,600 Levites joined David, besides 3,700 priests (1 Chronicles 12:26-27). He honoured them at his succession, and once even wore their robe (2 Samuel 6:14). The duties of the Levites are defined by him (1 Chronicles 23:24-32), "to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of Jehovah," etc., "and to stand every morning to thank and praise Jehovah, and likewise at even, and to offer (i.e. assist the priests in offering) all burnt sacrifices," etc.
The Levites supplied "officers and judges" (1 Chronicles 26:30), "in all the business of the Lord and the service of the king." Korah's sons of the Levites, headed by Heman, played upon psalteries and harps (1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:32); the Kohathites prepared the shewbread every sabbath; the Gershonites were headed by Asaph's son in the temple choir (1 Chronicles 6:39; 1 Chronicles 6:44; 1 Chronicles 15:17), the Merarites by Ethan or Jeduthun. The heavier work being no longer needed of transporting the tabernacle, and psalmody being their chief duty, they entered service as early as the age of 20 (1 Chronicles 23:24-27). The Levites numbered 38,000 under David (1 Chronicles 23:3), of whom 4,000 formed the full choir; 288 in 24 divisions of 12 each were the skilled musicians (1 Chronicles 25:1-8). At the severance of Israel and Judah the Levites flocked from the apostate northern kingdom to Judah and Jerusalem, and strengthened the southern kingdom (2 Chronicles 11:13-14; 2 Chronicles 13:10-12).
The Levites proclaimed and taught the law, and judged controversies, with the priests and chiefs of Israel, in Jehoshaphat's reformation (2 Chronicles 19:8-11). They praised the Lord as singers before his army, and their beginning to sing was the signal of victory from the Lord over the Moabite and Ammonite invaders (2 Chronicles 20:19-22). They took an active part under Jehoiada in restoring Joash (2 Chronicles 33); and in Hezekiah's reformation were "more upright" or earnest than the priests (2 Chronicles 29:5-34; 2 Chronicles 30:15-22; 2 Chronicles 30:27). So under Josiah the Levites had as their characteristic designation that they "taught all Israel" (2 Chronicles 35:3-15). They served the Lord and Israel, standing in the holy place. The Levites acted as teachers and scribes of the law, and chroniclers of their times. Even the Levites fell into apostasy in the closing reigns of Judah (Ezekiel 44:10-14; Ezekiel 48:11).
Their number at the return from Babylon was small (Ezra 2:36-42). They sang by course, praising Jehovah, at the founding and subsequent dedicating of the temple (Ezra 3:10-11; Ezra 6:18). None of the Levites joined Ezra at his gathering at the river Ahava (Ezra 8:15; Ezra 8:18-20). He induced 38 to join him, with 220 Nethinim. At the feast of tabernacles (1618533133_18) they road and explained the law; their tithes were again secured to them (Nehemiah 10:37-39), and they dwelt in villages round Jerusalem, and took their place at the dedication of the wall (Nehemiah 12:27-30), and kept the gates to ensure the sanctification of the sabbath (Nehemiah 12:22). They appear as unloving formalists in Luke 10:32, and formed part of the deputation sent from Jerusalem to test John's credentials (John 1:19).
Barnabas was a Levite (Acts 4:36). They are among the sealed tribes (Revelation 7). Their name is still preserved in the Jewish Levy, as Cohen is "priest." Their firstborn are exempted from certain payments among the Jews, as in the redemption of the firstborn. A false judaizing analogy makes the Christian deacons answer to the Levites, the presbyters to the priests, and the bishops to the high priest. Their temple psalmody was the forerunner of our church music; and to them we probably owe the preservation of some of the Scriptures. It is the peculiarity of the Mosaic system, as distinguished from pagan systems, that the Levites, the ministers of religion, not merely performed religious rites, but without vows of celibacy, freely intermarrying with the other tribes, were dispersed among the nation to teach moral and religious truths to all, of whom they formed the twelfth part (1618533133_53).
Drawing their livelihood from the tithes and offerings, which would fail if God's law were slighted, they had every motive to maintain it. Thus they consolidated the union of the tribes by the strongest tie, religion. The wisdom of their appointment accords with the divine origin of the Jewish law. Jehovah praises Levites as to the past: "My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared Me and was afraid before My name ... The law of truth was in his mouth and iniquity was not found in his lips; he walked with Me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity." The Lord at His coming is to "purify the sons of Levi, so that they may again offer an offering of righteousness" (Malachi 2:5-6; Malachi 3:3; compare Isaiah 66:21).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Levites
(lee' vitess) The lowest of the three orders in Israel's priesthood. In the earliest biblical records, sacrifices were offered by the chief of a tribe, the head of a family (Genesis 12:7-8 ; Genesis 31:54 ) or possibly by a priest at a temple (Genesis 14:18 ). Originally, Israel's priests and Temple personnel were to be drawn from the firstborn of every family in Israel (Exodus 13:11-15 ). Later, God chose the tribe of Levi to carry out this responsibility for Israel (Numbers 3:11-13 ). The tribe of Levi was appointed because it was the only tribe that stood with Moses against the people who worshiped the golden calf (Exodus 32:25-29 ; Deuteronomy 10:6-9 ). The Levites were not given a tribal inheritance in the Promised Land (God was their inheritance) but were placed in 48 Levitical cities throughout the land (Numbers 18:20 ; Numbers 35:1-8 ; 1 Chronicles 9:22-28 ,Joshua 13:14,13:33 ; See Numbers 18:24-32 ). Since the Levites were dependent on the generosity of others, families were encouraged to invite the Levites (as well as widows, strangers, and orphans) to join them in their eating and their celebration of the joyous national feast (Deuteronomy 12:12 ,Deuteronomy 12:12,12:18 ; Deuteronomy 16:11 ,Deuteronomy 16:11,16:14 ). These factors point to the total dedication of the Levites to the work of the Lord rather than the earthly concerns of making a good living.
The tribe of Levi included at least three separate families: Gershon, Kohath and Merari (with the families of Moses and Aaron being treated somewhat separately from the rest of the tribe of Gershon). During the wilderness journey they were in charge of taking the tabernacle down, transporting it, setting it up and conducting worship at the tent where God dwelt (Numbers 1:47-54 ; Numbers 3:14-39 ). In some passages (Deuteronomy 17:9 ,Deuteronomy 17:9,17:18 ; Deuteronomy 18:1 ; Deuteronomy 24:8 ), the terms priest and Levite (or Levitical priests) seem identical, but in Exodus 28:1 and Levitcus 8–10 it is clear that only the family of Aaron fulfilled the priestly duties of offering sacrifices in the tabernacle. Because there appears to be a different way of handling the relationship between the priests and the Levites in these texts, interpreters differ in the way they understand the Levites. Although it is possible that the role of the Levites changed or that the distinction between the priests and Levites was not maintained in each period with equal strictness, the interpretation which maintains a general distinction between the priests and Levites seem to fit most texts.
The Levites were consecrated to God and given by God as a gift to Israel in order that they might perform the duties at the tabernacle (Exodus 29:1 ; Leviticus 8:1 ). Their work made it possible for the people to come to the tabernacle and offer sacrifices for the atonement of sins. The Levites assisted the priests in their responsibilities (Numbers 3:5-9 ; Numbers 16:9 ) by preparing grain offerings and the show bread, by purifying all the holy instruments used in the Temple, by singing praises to the Lord at the time of the morning and evening offerings, by assisting the priests with burnt offerings on sabbaths and feast days, and by being in charge of the Temple precinct and the chambers of the priests (1 Chronicles 6:31-48 ; 1Chronicles 23:1-13,1 Chronicles 23:24-32 ; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6 ; 2 Chronicles 29:12-19 ). Because of their work, the holiness of the Temple was maintained; and the glory of the Lord dwelt among Israel. During David's reign, the Levites were integrated into the administration of the government, including the keeping of the gates, judges, craftsmen, musicians, and overseers of the royal treasury (Joshua 13:14 ; 1 Chronicles 23-26 ) In Jehoshaphat's time the Levites were involved with teaching the people the word of God (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 ). This responsibility probably continued into the postexilic period of Ezra (Nehemiah 8:9-12 ).
Gary Smith
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Levites
LEVITES. See Levi, and Priests and Levites.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Levites
LEVITES.—According to one line of tradition, the Levites were appointed to assist the priests (Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:19; Numbers 18:1-6), but were not themselves, like Aaron and his sons, to approach unto the most holy things (Numbers 4:19); yet according to another representation the priesthood belonged to them as an inheritance (Deuteronomy 33:8-11, Joshua 18:7). Whatever may have been the origin and date of the distinction between priest and Levite, it existed in the post-exilic period, since it was recognized in NT times. The Levites are to be classed among the Temple officials, and to their office with its specific duties (Numbers 1:50-51; Numbers 3:8) they were formally set apart (Numbers 8:6-7). Among their duties was the instruction of the people* [1] (Nehemiah 8:9, 2 Chronicles 30:22; 2 Chronicles 35:3) and ‘the killing of the passovers for every one that was not clean,’ as also the handing of the blood to the priests to be sprinkled by them according to the Law† [2] (2 Chronicles 30:16-17).
The relation of assistantship which associated the Levites with the priests was similar to that which connected deacons with bishops in the Christian Church; and it is not improbable that that connexion was suggested by the arrangement of the functions of the Temple officers with which the Jewish converts to Christianity were familiar.‡ [3]
In the Gospels there are only two places where the word ‘Levite’ is found. In the first of these, the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-35), a priest and a Levite, representatives of the religion of Israel and at the same time examples of Jewish traditionalism, are unfavourably contrasted with a Samaritan, one of a people with whom the Jews had no dealings. The parable is the answer of Jesus to the lawyer who asked, ‘Who is my neighbour?’ and it seems evident that the Levite, described by Jesus, when he looked on the wounded man and passed by on the other side, recognized that he was not a Jew, and therefore not a neighbour to be humanely treated according to the commandment, ‘Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself’ (Leviticus 19:18). The Levite, it may be concluded, accepted a Jewish traditional conception of ‘neighbour’ which excluded all those who were not of Israel. Clement of Alexandria wrote that Jesus, ‘on His interlocutor inquiring, “Who is my neighbour?” did not, in the same way with the Jews, specify the blood-relation, or the fellow-citizen, or the proselyte, or him that had been similarly circumcised, or the man who uses one and the same law.’§ [4]
In the Fourth Gospel (John 1:19) the distinction between priest and Levite is made by naming together the representatives of these classes, who were sent from Jerusalem to ask John the question, ‘Who art thou?’ The Levites, as teachers of the people, would be deemed qualified to judge of claims of Messiahship (so Hengstenberg and Godet, but see B. Weiss, ad loc.); but it is significant that the mission to John of priests and Levites, who were officially connected with the Passover ceremonies, is recorded, and in it alone, in the Gospel which, according to the theory held by many critics, identifies Christ with the Paschal lamb. They were told by John that he was not the Christ; and immediately after the account of their interview with him there is the statement that he, seeing Jesus, said, ‘Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world’ (John 1:29).
Literature.—Schürer, HJP [5] ii. i. 223 ff., 265 ff.; Milman, Hist. of the Jews, ii. 408; Kautzsch, Lit. of the OT, 90, 117; Schultz, OT Theology, i. 337; K. Budde, Rel. of Israel to the Exile, 80; and the art. ‘Priests and Levites’ by Baudissin in Hastings’ DB. [6]
J. Herkless.
Chabad Knowledge Base - Levites
The: A member of the priestly tribe of Levi.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Levites
Under this name may be comprised all the descendants of Levi; but it principally denotes those who were employed in the lowest ministries of the temple, by which they were distinguished from the priests, who, being descended from Aaron, were likewise of the race of Levi by Kohath, but were employed in higher offices. The Levites were descendants of Levi, by Gershom, Kohath, and Merari, excepting the family of Aaron; for the children of Moses had no part in the priesthood, and were only common Levites. God chose the Levites instead of the first-born of all Israel, for the service of his tabernacle and temple, Numbers 3:6 , &c. They obeyed the priests in the ministrations of the temple, and brought to them wood, water, and other things necessary for the sacrifices. They sung and played on instruments, in the temple, &c; they studied the law, and were the ordinary judges of the country, but subordinate to the priests.
God provided for the subsistence of the Levites, by giving them the tithe of corn, fruit, and cattle; but they paid to the priests the tenth of their tithes; and as the Levites possessed no estates in the land, the tithes which the priests received from them were looked upon as the first-fruits which they were to offer to the Lord, Numbers 18:21-24 . God assigned them for their habitations forty-eight cities, with fields, pastures, and gardens, Numbers 35. Of these thirteen were given to the priests, six of which were cities of refuge, Joshua 20:7 ; Joshua 21:19-20 , &c. While the Levites were actually employed in the temple, they were subsisted out of the provisions in store there, and out of the daily offerings there made; and if any Levite quitted the place of his abode, to serve the temple, even out of the time of his half-yearly or weekly waiting, he was received there, kept and provided for, in like manner as his other brethren, who were regularly in waiting, Deuteronomy 18:6-8 . The consecration of Levites was without much ceremony. They wore no particular habit to distinguish them from the other Israelites, and God ordained nothing particularly for their mourning, 2 Chronicles 29:34 . The manner of their consecration may be seen in Numbers 8:5-7 , &c.
Josephus says, that in the reign of Agrippa, king of the Jews, about A.D. 62, six years before the destruction of the temple by the Romans, the Levites desired permission from that prince to wear the linen tunic like the priests; and this was granted. This innovation was displeasing to the priests; and the Jewish historian remarks, that the ancient customs of the country were never forsaken with impunity. He adds, that Agrippa permitted likewise the families of the Levites, whose duty it was to guard the doors, and perform other troublesome offices, to learn to sing and play on instruments, that they might be qualified for the temple service as musicians. The Levites were divided into different classes: Gershonites, Kohathites, Merarites, and Aaronites or priests, Numbers 3, &c. The Gershonites, whose number was seven thousand five hundred, were employed in the marches through the wilderness in carrying the veils and curtains of the tabernacle; the Kohathites, whose number was eight thousand six hundred, in carrying the ark and sacred vessels of the tabernacle; the Merarites, whose number was six thousand two hundred, in carrying the several pieces of the tabernacle which could not be placed upon the chariots; and the Aaronites were the priests who served the sanctuary. When the Hebrews encamped in the wilderness, the Levites were placed around the tabernacle; Moses and Aaron at the east, Gershon at the west, Kohath at the south, and Merari at the north. Moses ordained that the Levites should not begin in the service of the tabernacle till they were five-and-twenty years of age, Numbers 8:24-26 ; or, as he says elsewhere, from thirty to fifty years old, Numbers 4:3 . But David, finding that they were no longer employed in these grosser offices of transporting the vessels of the tabernacle, appointed them to enter on service at the temple at twenty years of age. The priests and Levites waited by turns, weekly, in the temple. They began their weeks on one Sabbath day, and on the Sabbath day in the following week went out of waiting, 1 Chronicles 23:24 ; 2 Chronicles 21:17 ; Ezra 3:8 . When an Israelite made a religious entertainment in the temple, God required that the Levites should be invited to it, Deuteronomy 12:18-19 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Levites
Levites (lç'vîtes). A term applied sometimes to all the descendants of Levi. Numbers 35:2; Joshua 21:3; Joshua 21:41; Exodus 6:25; Leviticus 25:32, etc. But the "sons of Aaron" were separated from the rest of the descendants of Levi and consecrated priests; hence, after this the Levites comprised only those descendants of Levi who were not "sons of Aaron"—that is, priests. 1 Kings 8:4; Ezra 2:70; John 1:19, etc. Sometimes, also, the term was used to show from what tribe the priests came—"the priests the Levites." Joshua 3:3; Deuteronomy 17:18. The Levites numbered 22,000 in the wilderness, and took the place of the first-born, part of whom were redeemed at five shekels each, Numbers 3:45-51, the fixed ransom for a victim vowed in sacrifice. Numbers 18:16; Leviticus 27:6. Thus the Levites came to occupy in the Hebrew theocracy a position midway between the priests and the people. They consisted of three great families, the Kohathites, the Gershonites, and the Merarites, of which the first carried the sacred vessels, the second the hangings and curtains of the tabernacle, and the third the boards and pillars. They also kept the book of the Law, Deuteronomy 17:8-12, and served as judges, etc. Forty-eight cities, with 1000 cubits of the country surrounding, were appropriated for the residence and maintenance of the Levites. Besides these cities, with adjacent districts, the Levites received a tithe of all produce, animal and vegetable, but of this they paid a tithe to the priests. Numbers 18:20-32. Another tithe they received every third year, and special provision was made for them during the term they administered in the sanctuary. In the time of David their number had increased to 38,000, of which 24,000 were set apart for the ordinary services, 6000 for the teaching of the Law and the administration of justice, 4000 as porters, and 4000 as musicians. They were divided into courses, and came up from their cities to the sanctuary in regular rotation. 1 Chronicles 23:1-32; 1 Chronicles 24:20-31; 1 Chronicles 25:1-31; 1 Chronicles 26:1-32. When the separation took place between the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah, all the Levites gathered to Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:13-15, and they continued to play a conspicuous part in the destinies of this kingdom. After the captivity, however, only a small number of them returned, Ezra 2:36-42; Ezra 8:10; Ezra 6:18; but in the new organization they assumed their old positions. They settled in the villages near Jerusalem, received their old tithes, etc. Nehemiah 10:37-39; Nehemiah 12:29. In the New Testament they occur as representatives of a formal worship destitute of love. Luke 10:32. The distinction of Levite is still maintained among the Jews.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Levites
All the descendants of Levi may be comprised under this name, Exodus 6:16,25 Joshua 3:3 , (see Numbers 3:6-10 18:2-7 . God chose the Levites for the service of his tabernacle and temple, instead of the firstborn of all Israel, to whom such duties naturally belonged, and who were already sacred to God in memory of the great deliverance in Egypt. Exodus 13:1-22 Numbers 3:12,13,39-51 . In the wilderness, the Levites took charge of the tabernacle and its contents; and conveyed it from place to place, each of the three families having a separate portion, Numbers 1:51 4:1-49 1 Chronicles 15:2,27 . After the building of the temple they took charge of the gates, of the sacred vessels, of the preparation of the showbread and other offerings, and of the singing and instrumental music, 1 Chronicles 9:1-44 23:1-32 2 Chronicles 29:1-36 . They brought wood, water, etc., for the priests; aided them in preparing the sacrifices, and in collecting and disbursing the contributions of the people, 2 Chronicles 30:16,17 35:1 . They were also the temple guards, Nehemiah 13:13,22 ; and the salutation and response in Psalm 134:1-3 are thought by Bishop Lowth to have been their song in the night. But besides their services in the temple, they performed a very important part in teaching the people, 2 Chronicles 30:22 Nehemiah 8:7 , among whom they were scattered, binding the tribes together, and promoting virtue and piety. They studied the law, and were the ordinary judges of the country, but subordinate to the priests, 2 Chronicles 17:9 19:8-11 . God provided for the subsistence of the Levites, by giving to them the tithe of corn, fruit, and cattle; but they paid to the priests the tenth of their tithes; and as the Levites possessed no estates in land, the tithes which the priests received from them were considered as the first fruits which they were to offer to the Lord, Numbers 18:21-32 . The payment of tithes to the Levites appears not to have been enforced, but depended on the goodwill of the people; hence the special charges laid on their brethren, not to forget them, Deuteronomy 2:12,18,19 .
God assigned for the habitation of the Levites forty-eight cities, with fields, pastures, and gardens, Numbers 35:1-34 . Of these, thirteen were given to the priests, all in the tribes near Jerusalem. Six of the Levitical cities were appointed as cities of refuge, Joshua 20:1-21:45 . While the Levites were actually employed in the temple, they were supported out of the provisions kept in store there, and out of the daily offerings. The same privilege was granted to volunteers, drawn to Jerusalem by the fervor of their love to God's service, Deuteronomy 12:18,19 18:6-8 . The consecration of Levites was without much ceremony. See Numbers 8:5-22 2 Chronicles 29:34 .
The Levites wore no peculiar dress to distinguish them from other Israelites, till the time of Agrippa. His innovation in this matter is mentioned by Josephus, who remarked that the ancient customs of the country were never forsaken with impunity.
The Levites were divided into different classes: the Gershomites, Kohathites, and Merarites, Numbers 3:17-20 . They were still further divided into courses, like the priests, 1 Chronicles 23:1-26:32 . At first, they entered in full on their public duties at thirty years of age, Numbers 4:3 8:25 ; but David fixed the age for commencing at twenty years; and at fifty they were exempt, 1 Chronicles 23:24-27 . The different courses of porters, singers, guards, etc., were on duty in succession, one week at a time, 1 Chronicles 23:1-26:32 2 Chronicles 23:4,8 31:17 Ezra 3:8-12 . After the revolt of the ten tribes, a large portion of the Levites abandoned their cities in Israel, and dwelt in Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:12-14 13:9-11 . After the captivity, numbers of them returned from beyond the Euphrates to Judea, Nehemiah 11:15-19 12:24-31 . In the New Testament they are not often mentioned, Luke 10:32 John 1:19 Acts 4:36 . The "scribes" and "doctors," however, are supposed to have belonged chiefly to this class.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Priests And Levites
PRIESTS AND LEVITES . The method here adopted as on the whole the most satisfactory is first to give some account of the highly organized hierarchical system of the Second Temple, as we know it from the Priestly Code, and, taking this as a standard, next to trace its history up to this point, and, lastly, follow its subsequent developments.
I. The Hierarchy of the Second Temple. The chief authority for the religious institutions of the early period of the Second Temple is the document known as the Priestly Code (P [1] ), which was composed probably shortly after, or partly during, the Exile, and reached very nearly its present form in the time of Nehemiah. It comprised the whole of Leviticus and the ritual portions of Numbers, all the regulations connected with the Tabernacle in Exodus, together with certain narrative portions especially connected with religious institutions the Sabbath, circumcision, and the like and statistical statements throughout the Hexateuch. According to P [1] , the Jewish hierarchy was threefold, including high priest, priest, and Levite, distinguished by different functions and different privileges.
A. The high priest
1 . His consecration
The high priest, who is the eldest son of his predecessor in the office, is consecrated by an elaborate ritual consisting of washing, solemn vesting in his robes, anointing by pouring oil on the head, and several sacrificial rites, among them the sprinkling with blood and the anointing with oil of different parts of the body. The sacrificial ceremonies lasted for seven days (Exodus 29:1-46 , Leviticus 8:1-36 ).
2. The distinctive vestments of the high priest, in addition to those worn by all priests (B. 2 ), were the robe of blue, which was woven without seam, had a hole for the head, and was said to have reached down to the knees; the ephod of curiously wronght embroidered work; the breastplate, also of embroidered work, which was attached to the ephod, and contained originally the Urim and Thummim (II. B. 4); the turban with the crown or plate engraved ‘Holy to Jahweh’ ( Exodus 28:36 ).
3. The special duties of the high priest included the offering of a daily meal-offering ( Leviticus 6:19-20 , where the words ‘in the day when he is anointed’ are probably a later interpolation). He had also to perform the ceremonial sprinklings in the case of sin-offerings for the whole people ( Leviticus 4:13-21 ). But by far the most important ceremonies were those connected with the great Day of Atonement, on which day alone he, and he alone, attired merely in the linen garb of the priest, entered the ‘Holy of Holies’ and sprinkled the mercy seat with the blood of a bullock as a sin-offering for himself, and that of a goat as a sin-offering for the people ( Leviticus 16:1-34 ).
B. Priests . 1. Their consecration . The priests who belonged to the family of Aaron were consecrated by special ceremonies like those of the high priest, but less elaborate ( Exodus 29:1-46 , Leviticus 8:1-36 ). These did not, however, include, in later times at any rate, anointing, the high priest being called by way of distinction ‘the anointed priest’ ( Leviticus 4:1-35 passim , cf. Psalms 133:2 ). At most the anointing of priests meant sprinkling the different parts of the body with the holy oil as well as with the blood ( Exodus 29:21 , Leviticus 8:30 ).
2. All priests were required to wear, during their ministrations only, special vestments . These were ‘linen’ breeches, coats of checker-work, girdles and head-tires ( Exodus 28:42 ; Exodus 22:1-31 ; Exodus 29:9 , Leviticus 8:13 ).
3. The work of the priests consisted in ( a ) offering up all sacrifices. This included especially collecting the blood and sprinkling the altar with it; washing the inwards and legs, making the fire, placing the pieces of the burnt-offering upon it and burning them, doing the same to the ‘memorials’ of other offerings, and the removal of ashes. They did not, except usually in the case of public sacrifices, themselves kill the victim ( Leviticus 1:1-17 ; Leviticus 2:1-16 ; Leviticus 3:1-17 ; Leviticus 4:1-35 ; Leviticus 5:1-19 ; Leviticus 6:1-30 ). ( b ) They were required to give decisions, after examination, about suspected leprosy, plague, and mouldin garments and houses, and to perform the required rites ( Leviticus 13:1-59 ; Leviticus 14:1-57 ). ( c ) It was also their duty to blow the trumpets, whether as the alarm of war or at the new moon, especially that of the 7th month, and at the set feasts ( Judges 17:1-13 , Leviticus 23:24 ; cf. Psalms 81:3 ) and on the Day of Atonement of the Jubilee year ( Leviticus 25:9 ). The words used in different passages suggest the probability that the instruments employed were originally horns, for which silver trumpets were afterwards substituted.
4 . The priests were supported ( a ) partly by the tithe of the tithe which they received from the Levites ( Numbers 18:26 ); ( b ) partly by the first-fruits and firstlings, including the redemption money for men and unclean beasts ( Numbers 18:12-18 , Leviticus 7:30-34 ); ( c ) partly by sacrificial dues of various kinds. The latter included (1) practically the whole of private meal-offerings, whether flour or cakes, sin-offerings and guilt-offerings ( Leviticus 10:18-20 , Leviticus 5:16 ; Leviticus 10:16-20 ). These were regarded as ‘most holy,’ and might be eaten only by the priest and his sons as a sacrificial act in the Temple precincts ( Leviticus 6:16 ; Leviticus 6:26 ; Leviticus 7:8 , Numbers 18:10 ). (2) Of peace-offerings the breast and the thigh, which might be eaten by any of the priest’s family, the sacrificial act consisting in their first being ‘waved’ or ‘heaved’ respectively ( Numbers 18:11 , Leviticus 7:30-34 ). (3) The skin of the burnt-offerings ( Leviticus 7:8 ). (4) The shewbread and several special offerings, as that of the leper, etc. ( Leviticus 24:9 , Mark 2:26 , Leviticus 14:1-57 etc.). The language suggests that these dues were in some cases fresh enactments (see esp. Numbers 18:9 , Numbers 18:18 ). The tendency to increase the dues of the priests was the natural consequence of the increase of work arising out of the continually greater complication of religious ceremonies.
C. Levites
1. Dedication . The Levites were also dedicated to their work by special ceremonies. They were sprinkled with water, their bodies shaved, and their clothes washed. Then they were solemnly presented to God, the high priest laying his hands on them, and were required to present two bullocks, one as a burnt-offering, the other as a sin-offering ( Numbers 8:5-22 ). The ceremonies signified the solemn offering up of the Levites to God as a wave-offering ( Numbers 8:13 ; Numbers 8:15 b). This is said to have been as a substitute for the firstborn of the Israelites, who by right belonged to God ( Numbers 3:9-13 ).
2. The age at which they entered upon their office varied at different times between 30, 25, and 20 ( Numbers 4:3 ; Numbers 8:24 , 1 Chronicles 23:3 ; 1 Chronicles 23:24 ; 1 Chronicles 23:27 ). Probably it was twice reduced because of the increasing difficulty in procuring Levites to do the work.
3. Work . The Levites were said to have been given as a gift ( nĕthûnîm ) to Aaron and his sons. In other words, they were to be regarded as the servants of the priests. This included especially the work of fetching and carrying, as they were believed to have carried the Tabernacle and its furniture in the Wilderness. Beyond this belonged to them the work of ‘keeping the charge,’ i.e. protecting and keeping clean the vessels and the furniture. In short, they were required to do everything connected with the service which was not by law required of the priests themselves ( Numbers 18:2-7 ; Numbers 3:5-39 ).
4. The Levites were supported from the tithe, which was in the first instance paid to them ( Numbers 18:21-24 ).
D. Levitical and priestly cities . According to Numbers 35:1-8 , there were assigned to the Levites in different parts of Palestine 48 cities with suburbs and surrounding pasture land to about 500 yards distance. In the description of the division of the land under Joshua 13:1-33 of these, in the territories of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin, are given to the priests ( Joshua 21:1-45 ; see also 1 Chronicles 6:54-81 , where, however, the text is very corrupt). No trace of any such arrangement is to be found in Ezekiel’s ideal sanctuary, according to which the priests and Levites have their possessions in the ‘oblation’ or sacred ground, which included the sanctuary ( Ezekiel 48:9-14 ). This provision of cities and land in P [1] appears to be in direct contradiction to the oft-repeated statement that the Levites had no portion in the land because Jahweh was their portion ( Judges 19:1-302 , Numbers 18:20 ; Numbers 26:62 etc.) a statement explained as meaning in practice that they were to depend for their support upon their tithes and priestly dues, which were all regarded as offerings to Jahweh ( Deuteronomy 18:2 , Numbers 18:8-32 , Leviticus 27:30 ).
This assignation of priestly cities must therefore be regarded as a sort of historical theory, which grew partly out of some sort of provision, in land and houses in and about Jerusalem, having been actually made in the period of the Second Temple for the priests and other officers (Nehemiah 11:3 ; Nehemiah 11:21 , 1 Chronicles 9:2 ), partly because the cities so assigned in P [1] were many of them ancient sanctuaries, where priests and Levites would have been located in early times. At some of the larger sanctuaries there may have been several priests, as, according to an early tradition, there were at Nob ( 1 Samuel 21:1-15 ). Though too great a reliance should not be placed on the editorial note in Jeremiah 1:1 , it is quite possible that several of the priests of Jerusalem may have lived together at Anathoth, which was only 2 1 / 2 miles from Jerusalem, and the home of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 2:26 ), and so given rise to the tradition that it was a priestly city.
E. Genealogical theory of the hierarchy . P [1] ’s theory of the origin of the hierarchy was as follows: The Levites were one of the 12 tribes of Israel, descended from Levi , one of Jacob’s sons. They were set apart by Jahweh for Himself in lieu of the firstborn of the Israelites, when He slew the firstborn of the Egyptians ( Numbers 3:12 ; Numbers 8:17 ; Numbers 8:19 ). All the ‘sons’ of Aaron a descendant of Levi ( Exodus 6:14-20 ) were priests ( Leviticus 1:5 etc.). The high priesthood descended in one line by primogeniture. Nadab and Ahihu, Aaron’s eldest sons, having perished, it passed to Eleazar, the next in age ( Numbers 20:22-29 , Exodus 6:23 ). That Eleazar’s son Phinehas succeeded him is perhaps implied in Numbers 25:11 , and certainly is so in Judges 20:28 in a document closely allied in its present form to P [1] . The rest of the made descendants of Levi were Levites, divided into the three great families of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. The family of Kohath , as being that to which both Aaron and Moses belonged, had the most honourable work. They had charge of the sacred furniture and vessels the ark, altars, candlestick, and table, while the other families divided between them the charge of the different parts of the building ( Numbers 3:21-39 ).
II. OT evidence for the evolution of the hierarchy. There is reason to believe that the hierarchical system of P [1] was not handed down in its completeness from primitive times, but was of gradual growth.
A. The Book of the Covenant
1. Status of the local priests . The earliest document bearing at all fully on the subject is the ‘Book of the Covenant’ ( Exodus 21:1-36 ; Exodus 29:3 ; Exodus 23:1-33 ), to which we should add Exodus 20:1-26 ; Exodus 24:1-18 . The priests of the several sanctuaries, of which many are contemplated (exo Exodus 20:24 b), are called Elohim (RV [5]6 ‘God,’ AV [9] usually ‘the judges’), probably in the sense that they were God’s representatives, and that their decision, often probably determined by the sacred lot, was regarded as the expression of God’s will. We may compare Psalms 82:6 ‘I said, Ye are gods’ a reference undoubtedly to this passage, made to show how unworthy the judges of a later time were of their sacred office.
2 . Their work , etc. These local priests were required to superintend the ancient primitive ceremony connected with the retention of a slave after 6 years’ service ( Exodus 21:6 ), decide suits, impose fines and the like ( 1 Kings 3:16-28 , Exodus 22:9 ; Exodus 22:9 ). To ‘revile’ them was a crime ( Exodus 22:28 , where the order of phrases suggests that they were of more consequence than the ‘rulers’). No mention is made of any distinctive dress, even where one might certainly have expected it (cf. Exodus 20:26 with Exodus 28:42 , from which we may gather that the linen breeches were the addition of a later, probably post-exilic, date). Nor is anything said of their being an hereditary guild. But silence on this latter point does not prove that they were not. In laws what is customary is often taken for granted.
B. The First Book of Samuel
1 . Temple of Shiloh . With the Book of the Covenant we may compare I Samuel, which points in many ways to the state of society and religion assumed by the former. Here we find several local sanctuaries. One of the most important of them, at the time when the book opens, is the ‘temple’ of Shiloh.
The words ‘tent of meeting’ in 1 Samuel 2:22 are a very late insertion not found even in LXX [7] . It depends upon a later tradition that the Tabernacle was set up in Shiloh ( Joshua 18:1-28 ; 1 Samuel 20:5-6 [P [1] ]).
In this temple was the ark, and the infant Samuel slept inside the sanctuary to protect it (1 Samuel 3:3 ). The priest Eli seems to have had a large influence and to have exercised a jurisdiction over at least the whole tribe of Ephraim. In 1 Samuel 2:29 in a document probably at earliest only a little before Josiah’s reign he is spoken of in a way which implies that he held a unique position among the tribes of Israel. The further statement in 1 Samuel 4:19 , that he judged Israel 40 years, is a still later editorial insertion connecting 1Samuel with Judges (see Judges 15:20 ; Judges 16:31 etc.).
2. Position of Samuel . When Shiloh had been destroyed by the Philistines, Samuel came to be a still more powerful priest, being, according to 1 Samuel 7:10 ; 1 Samuel 7:17 , connected, both as priest and ruler, with several local sanctuaries Bethel, Gilgal, Mizpah, and Ramah. But even these were comprised within a very small circle. It is curious that, according to 1 Samuel 9:6 part of one of the earliest sources of the book, Saul did not appear, at the time of searching for his father’s asses, to have even heard of Samuel’s existence. It is also significant that in 1 Samuel 2:26 Eli uses Elohim as in the Book of the Covenant, showing that, in his time at any rate, there were other priests exercising jurisdiction at their several sanctuaries.
3. Absence of regular religious organization . 1Samuel points to great liberty of action on the part of the priests, or, at least, of Samuel himself. His movements do not seem to imply any regularly organized sacrificial system. Except for new moons and yearly feasts of perhaps more than one kind ( 1Sa 1:3 ; Joshua 19:51 ; 1 Samuel 20:29 ), to which we should probably add sabbaths (cf. 2 Kings 4:23 ), there seem to have been no regular feast days. The priest appoints and invites whom he chooses to the sacrificial meal ( 1 Samuel 9:23-24 ), and on one occasion takes with him the animal for sacrifice ( 1 Samuel 16:2-5 ).
4 . Dress of the primitive priests . In 1 Samuel 2:18-19 the two parts of the dress of Samuel, the ephod and the robe, are, in name at any rate, what afterwards belonged to the peculiar dress of the high priest ( Exodus 28:6-12 ; Exodus 28:31-35 ). But the robe is also the common name for the upper garment, and is used of that worn by Jonathan and Saul ( 1 Samuel 18:4 ; 1 Samuel 24:4 ). Of the use of the ephod by the priests of this date there is abundant evidence. It was essentially the priestly garment of primitive times, and is especially connected with ascertaining the will of God by means of the sacred lots, Urim and Thummim, which was the peculiar province, and one of the most important functions, of the priest ( 1Sa 14:13 ; 1 Samuel 22:18 ; 1 Samuel 23:6 ; 1 Samuel 23:9 ; 1 Samuel 30:7 ). The Urim is expressly mentioned in 1 Samuel 28:6 , and the Urim and Thummim were both originally in the text of 1 Samuel 14:41-42 , as a comparison with the LXX [7] and Vulgate shows.
5. The priests’ means of support . According to 1 Samuel 2:1-36 from a relatively old document the priests had no fixed dues; but the passage seems to suggest that then, or at least in the writer’s day, what had been voluntary gifts were passing into customary claims which were liable to abuse. The chief ground of complaint was the wrong committed not so much against the sacrificer as against God, to whom was due the fat of the inwards, which should first be burnt ( 1 Samuel 2:16 ).
6. A colony of priests . In addition to the priests of the local sanctuaries, we find in 1 Samuel 21:1-15 ; 1 Samuel 22:1-23 an account of a settlement of priests at Nob under Ahimelech, all of whom except Abiathar his son were put to death by Doeg at Saul’s command. This settlement may have originated in the troubles brought about by the Philistines.
7 . Priests not regarded as Levitical . There is nothing in the Books of Samuel which affords a sufficient reason for connecting the priesthood of this period directly with a tribe of Levi, the mention of the ‘Levites’ in 1 Samuel 6:16 and 2 Samuel 15:24 being clearly a very late interpolation which assumes the liturgical arrangements of P [1] . Had these been in vogue at the time, we should certainly have found some reference to them in 2 Samuel 6:1-23 such as we find abundantly in the parallel in 1 Chronicles 15:1-29 , where 1 Chronicles 15:2 suggests that the death of Uzzah was a punishment for other than Levites having carried the ark.
C. Numbers 10:10 ; Judges 18:1-31 ; Judges 19:1-30 ; Judges 20:1-48 ; Judges 21:1-25 (a document which, though revised by a priestly writer, belongs to rather the earlier part of the monarchy and speaks of a still earlier condition of things) confirms in many ways the Books of Samuel. It speaks of different sanctuaries Mizpah (Judges 20:1 ) and Bethel ( Judges 20:18 ; Judges 20:26 ), besides Shiloh, which is a place of comparatively small importance, yet marked, as in 1 Samuel., by a yearly religious festival of a somewhat secular character with 1 Samuel 1:3 ; 1 Samuel 1:13-15 ; 1 Samuel 1:21 ). The ‘Levite’ who is priest to Micah is actually of the tribe of Judah ( Judges 17:7 ). There is mention of an ephod and a suit of apparel for the priest; but it is uncertain whether the ephod refers to the priest’s dress or, as apparently in Judges 8:27 , to some kind of image.
D. 1 and 2Kings (original documents) up to Josiah’s reform . There were two circumstances which tended to diminish the prestige of the local priests. 1 . The establishment of the monarchy , by which many, if not all, of the secular functions of the priests had passed into the hands of the king or his deputies. Of these one of the most important was the practice of jurisdiction (see esp. 2Sa 12:1-31 ; 2 Samuel 14:1-20 ; 2 Samuel 15:2-4 , 1Ki 3:9 ; Exodus 21:22 ; cf. also Deuteronomy 16:18 ). It is also true that, sooner or later, the idea of the king as God’s earthly representative was substituted for that of the priest.
2. Of even greater importance was the building of the great Temple at Jerusalem by Solomon . From the very first it made for the centralization of worship, though not of course intended originally to be the one single lawful sanctuary which it afterwards became. The local sanctuaries (‘high places’) were still tolerated ( 1 Kings 15:14 ; 1 Kings 22:48 etc.), but would tend more and more to sink into insignificance beside this splendid building. This was especially the case in the Southern Kingdom. In the North the local sanctuary worship had more vitality, but it was largely maintained and also debased for political reasons ( 1 Kings 12:26-29 ). The calves of Jeroboam were probably Canaanitish, though he probably meant them as symbols, not rivals, of Jahweh. The cult of the ‘high places’ seems gradually to have relapsed into familiar and popular types of Semitic worship; and in the books of the early prophets Amos and Hosea it is not always easy to distinguish between heathenism and a heathenish worship of Jahweh.
With the decline of the local sanctuary the status of the priest gradually declined, till it reached the low level implied in Judges 17:1-13 ; Judges 18:1-31 ; 1618533133_64 , and in Deuteronomy.
E. Deuteronomy
1 . Levites . In Dt. (first published in all probability in Josiah’s reign) we find the terms ‘priests’ and ‘Levites’ rather curiously used. The latter occurs frequently, but when used alone it is always

Sentence search

Levites - Levites. See Levi, and Priests and Levites
Casiphia - ” Place in Babylon where Levites settled in Exile (Ezra 8:17 ) and from which Ezra summoned Levites to return with him to Jerusalem
Levitical - Belong to the Levites, or descendants of Levi as the levitical law, the law given by Moses, which prescribed the duties and rights of the priests and Levites, and regulated the and religious concerns of the Jews
Singing, Singers - See Hymns; Levites ; Music
Porters - See Levi, and Levites
Chief Priest - See Aaron ; Priests; Levites
Nethinim - Name, signifying 'given, devoted ones,' applied to those who assisted the Levites in the service of the tabernacle and the temple. ' It does not appear that God appointed them, as He did the Levites, but 'David and the princes' appointed them 'for the service of the Levites. Some of the Midianite captives were also given to the Levites. ' They were, along with the priests and Levites, exempt from 'toll, tribute, or custom
Aner - A city from tribe of Manasseh given to Levites (1 Chronicles 6:70 ). In Joshua 21:25 the Levites' city is called Taanach
Levitical Cities - See Priests and Levites, § d
Levite - Their zeal for the Lord caused the male Levites (except for Aaron's family, who were already designated as priests) to be set apart as caretakers of the tabernacle and as aides to the priests (Numbers 1:47-53 ). ...
The Levites' "set apart" status is demonstrated by their taking the place of the firstborn, who by right belonged to God (Numbers 3:41 ). Another indication of Levi's distinction is found in Numbers 1:47-54 , where God instructs Moses not to number the Levites with the other tribes. The Levites were set apart but their status must still be seen as significantly different from that of the priests (even though all priests were Levites too). , the priests were made holy, the Levites were made clean; the priests were anointed and washed, the Levites were sprinkled; the priests were given new garments, the Levites washed theirs; blood was applied to the priests, but was waved over the Levites). The Levites were explicitly permitted to go near the Tent of Meeting, and this special privilege more than any other duty distinguished them from ordinary Israelites (Numbers 8:19 ; 16:9-10 ). ...
Part of the support of the Levites was to come from the tithe they were to be allotted of the income of the other tribes (Numbers 18:20-25 ). The Levites are therefore included in the legislation, along with the aliens, fatherless, and widows, as those whom the people must remember to care for (Deuteronomy 12:19 ; 14:27-29 ). ...
In Deuteronomy, with a view to entering the land, the Levites were given an additional duty since their tabernacle transport obligations would be diminished. It was now the important duty of the Levites and the levitical priests, who would live throughout the land, to instruct the people in the law (Deuteronomy 33:10 ). At the conquest the Levites received no tribal inheritance but were given forty-eight cities with their pastures (Joshua 21:1-42 ). ...
During the temple period, with the ark permanently in Jerusalem and in view of their numbers, the Levites were given additional responsibilities as officials, judges, gatekeepers, and musicians, all of which assisted the priests (1 Chronicles 23:4-5 ). While 4,289 priests (approximately one-tenth of the entire returning number of exiles) returned from captivity with Zerubbabel, only 341Levites, singers, and gatekeepers are recorded as returning (Ezra 2:36-58 ). Ezra succeeded in persuading only thirty-eight Levites to return with him (Ezra 8:15-19 ). The fact that many of the menial tasks of temple service were the responsibility of the Levites and that the temple first had to be rebuilt and when it was, it was not as glorious as Solomon's temple (Ezra 3:12 ), may have affected the willingness of the Levites to return. Some of the Levites became involved, however, in the interpretation and teaching of the law (Nehemiah 8:7-8 ) and in the leading of the people in worship (Nehemiah 9:4-5 ; 12:8-9,27-47 ). Though rarely referred to in the prophets, and even then usually in the context of priests who are Levites, the Levites as distinct from the Zadokite priests are mentioned in Ezekiel 44:11 . The future acquisition and redistribution of the land would include a specific area in which the Levites could live (Ezekiel 45:5 ). As teachers of the law, the Levites, together with the priests, were probably sent with this role in mind, to question John the Baptist. It is possible that many scribes were Levites. ...
In summary, though the conclusions of the majority of modern critical scholars concerning the identity and purpose of the Levites (and priests) are in sharp contrast to the view presented here, the Scriptures clearly indicate that the Levites should be seen as a tribe that was below the priestly group of Aaronic priests but still distinct from other Israelites. Along with the honor that the Levites had in their unique appointment, there was the need for their total dedication to the work of the Lord, not that of pursuing material gain, and the necessity to look to him to supply some of their needs through the people. "Levites
Singers - See Priests and Levites, iii
Course - See Priests and Levites, III 2 ( b )
Izharite - (ihz' hahr ite) Clan of Levites descended from Izhar
Kartah - A town of Zebulnn, assigned to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:34)
Hashabiah - ...
One of the chief Levites (2 Chronicles 35:9 ). ...
A chief of the Levites (Nehemiah 12:24 )
Gibbethon - ) A town allotted to Dan (Joshua 19:44), afterwards to the Kohathite Levites (Joshua 21:23). As bordering on the Philistines, it was soon seized by them, probably when Jeroboam drove all the Levites from northern Israel to Judah
Levitically - ) After the manner of the Levites; in accordance with the levitical law
Kar'Tah - (city ), a town of Zebulun, allotted to the Merarite Levites
Galal - The name of two Levites ( 1 Chronicles 9:15-16 , Nehemiah 11:17 )
Gath-Rim'Mon - (press of the pomegranate )
A city given out of the tribe of Dan to the Levites. (Joshua 19:45 ) ...
A town of the half tribe of Manasseh west of the Jordan, assigned to the Levites
Door, Doorkeeper, Doorpost - For ‘doorkeeper’ in the Temple, see Priests and Levites
Hashabiah - Two Levites of the sons of Merari ( 1 Chronicles 6:45 ; 1 Chronicles 9:14 , Nehemiah 11:15 ). The ‘ruler’ of the Levites ( 1 Chronicles 27:17 ). A chief of the Levites in the time of Josiah ( 2 Chronicles 35:9 ); called in 1E Esther 1:9 Sabias . One of the Levites who were induced to return under Ezra ( Ezra 8:19 ); called in 1Es 8:48 Asebias
Kishon - A town on Issachar's border, allotted to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 19:20; Joshua 31:28)
Dim'Nah - (dung ), a city int he tribe of Zebulun, given to the Merarite Levites
Levite - The Levites were the servants, or ministers, in the Israelite religious system. The Levites were divided into three sections that corresponded to the three families descended from Levi’s three sons, Gershon, Kohath and Merari (Exodus 6:16; Numbers 3:14-20). ...
Although the Levites had general duties in the tabernacle and temple ceremonies, only those of one family within the tribe, the family of Aaron, were priests (Exodus 6:16-25; Exodus 29:9). ...
Duties concerning the tabernacle...
After helping to construct the tabernacle (Exodus 38:21), the Levites had the duty of setting up, taking down, maintaining and transporting the tabernacle on the journey to Canaan (Numbers 1:50-51). ...
On the journey the Levites travelled in the centre of the procession (Numbers 2:17). For the service of the tabernacle, however, God used the Levites instead of the firstborn (Numbers 3:11-13; Numbers 3:40-51). ...
In a dedication ceremony involving cleansing rituals and sacrificial offerings, Moses and Aaron presented the Levites to God for his service (Numbers 8:5-13). God then gave the Levites back to Aaron to help him and the other priests in their work (Numbers 8:14-19). Leaders of the people also took part in the ceremony, to indicate symbolically that the Levites were the people’s representatives (Numbers 8:9-10). ...
Levites began their service at the age of thirty, though this was apparently preceded by a training period of five years. Having no time to earn a living as others, the Levites received their income in the form of tithes offered by the people (Numbers 18:21-28; see TITHES). ...
Although Levi had no tribal area of its own, Joshua gave the Levites cities in each of the other tribes. ...
Temple service...
In arranging the functions for priests and Levites in Israel’s temple services, David divided the Levitical singers and musicians into the usual three family groups. ...
Other duties of Levites included cleaning the temple (1 Chronicles 23:28), helping the priests in the temple rituals (1 Chronicles 23:28-32), serving as temple guards (1 Chronicles 9:17-27) and looking after the furniture, food and spices used in the ceremonies (1 Chronicles 9:28-32). Some of the Levites served as judges and officials of various kinds (1 Chronicles 23:4; 1 Chronicles 26:20). ...
When David found that there were too many Levites for the amount of work available, he divided them into twenty-four groups according to their family descent. Priests and Levites usually played an important part in the reforms that godly kings carried out (2 Chronicles 17:7-9; 2 Chronicles 19:8-11; 2 Chronicles 29:1-16; 2 Chronicles 30:21-22; 2 Chronicles 34:8-13), though at times they were slow to respond to the king’s directions (2 Chronicles 24:4-13). A feature of some of the reforms was the organization of temple duties for priests and Levites according to David’s original plan (2 Chronicles 29:25-30; 2 Chronicles 31:2-19; 2 Chronicles 35:1-15). ...
When, after seventy years captivity in Babylon, the Jews were released, many Levites were among those who returned to Jerusalem (Ezra 2:40-42). The Levites helped the priests and scribes in this work (Nehemiah 8:7-9), but the good work of these early leaders was not maintained by those of later generations. Nevertheless, people of New Testament times still saw Levites as a class of people distinct from both the priests and the scribes (Luke 10:25; Luke 10:31-32; John 1:19; Acts 4:36)
Zimmah - A family of Gershonite Levites ( 1 Chronicles 6:20 (5), 42 (27), 2 Chronicles 29:12 )
Peulthai - One of the Levites, (1 Chronicles 26:5) from Pahal, work—and the pronoun I, my work
Gath-Rimmon - A city of Dan, given to the Levites (Joshua 19:45; Joshua 21:24; 1 Chronicles 6:69). of Jordan, assigned to the Levites (Joshua 21:25)
Kishion - Hardness, a city of Issachar assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 19:20 ), the same as Kishon (21:28)
Gamul - A chief of the Levites, and head of the 22nd course of priests ( 1 Chronicles 24:17 )
Levites - The Levites were not given a tribal inheritance in the Promised Land (God was their inheritance) but were placed in 48 Levitical cities throughout the land (Numbers 18:20 ; Numbers 35:1-8 ; Joshua 13:14 ,Joshua 13:14,13:33 ; See Numbers 18:24-32 ). Since the Levites were dependent on the generosity of others, families were encouraged to invite the Levites (as well as widows, strangers, and orphans) to join them in their eating and their celebration of the joyous national feast (Deuteronomy 12:12 ,Deuteronomy 12:12,12:18 ; Deuteronomy 16:11 ,Deuteronomy 16:11,16:14 ). These factors point to the total dedication of the Levites to the work of the Lord rather than the earthly concerns of making a good living. Because there appears to be a different way of handling the relationship between the priests and the Levites in these texts, interpreters differ in the way they understand the Levites. Although it is possible that the role of the Levites changed or that the distinction between the priests and Levites was not maintained in each period with equal strictness, the interpretation which maintains a general distinction between the priests and Levites seem to fit most texts. ...
The Levites were consecrated to God and given by God as a gift to Israel in order that they might perform the duties at the tabernacle (Exodus 29:1 ; Leviticus 8:1 ). The Levites assisted the priests in their responsibilities (Numbers 3:5-9 ; Numbers 16:9 ) by preparing grain offerings and the show bread, by purifying all the holy instruments used in the Temple, by singing praises to the Lord at the time of the morning and evening offerings, by assisting the priests with burnt offerings on sabbaths and feast days, and by being in charge of the Temple precinct and the chambers of the priests (1 Chronicles 6:31-48 ; 1Chronicles 23:1-13,1 Chronicles 23:24-32 ; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6 ; 2 Chronicles 29:12-19 ). During David's reign, the Levites were integrated into the administration of the government, including the keeping of the gates, judges, craftsmen, musicians, and overseers of the royal treasury (1 Chronicles 9:22-28 ; 1 Chronicles 23-26 ) In Jehoshaphat's time the Levites were involved with teaching the people the word of God (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Levites - The Levites were descendants of Levi, by Gershom, Kohath, and Merari, excepting the family of Aaron; for the children of Moses had no part in the priesthood, and were only common Levites. God chose the Levites instead of the first-born of all Israel, for the service of his tabernacle and temple, Numbers 3:6 , &c. ...
God provided for the subsistence of the Levites, by giving them the tithe of corn, fruit, and cattle; but they paid to the priests the tenth of their tithes; and as the Levites possessed no estates in the land, the tithes which the priests received from them were looked upon as the first-fruits which they were to offer to the Lord, Numbers 18:21-24 . While the Levites were actually employed in the temple, they were subsisted out of the provisions in store there, and out of the daily offerings there made; and if any Levite quitted the place of his abode, to serve the temple, even out of the time of his half-yearly or weekly waiting, he was received there, kept and provided for, in like manner as his other brethren, who were regularly in waiting, Deuteronomy 18:6-8 . The consecration of Levites was without much ceremony. 62, six years before the destruction of the temple by the Romans, the Levites desired permission from that prince to wear the linen tunic like the priests; and this was granted. He adds, that Agrippa permitted likewise the families of the Levites, whose duty it was to guard the doors, and perform other troublesome offices, to learn to sing and play on instruments, that they might be qualified for the temple service as musicians. The Levites were divided into different classes: Gershonites, Kohathites, Merarites, and Aaronites or priests, Numbers 3, &c. When the Hebrews encamped in the wilderness, the Levites were placed around the tabernacle; Moses and Aaron at the east, Gershon at the west, Kohath at the south, and Merari at the north. Moses ordained that the Levites should not begin in the service of the tabernacle till they were five-and-twenty years of age, Numbers 8:24-26 ; or, as he says elsewhere, from thirty to fifty years old, Numbers 4:3 . The priests and Levites waited by turns, weekly, in the temple. When an Israelite made a religious entertainment in the temple, God required that the Levites should be invited to it, Deuteronomy 12:18-19
Hashabniah - ...
One of the Levites whom Ezra appointed to interpret the law to the people (Nehemiah 9:5 )
Tob-Adonijah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Kartan - A city of Naphtali, assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 21:32); in 1 Chronicles 6:76 expanded into Kirjathaim
Shabbethai - One or more Levites who returned from exile and assisted Ezra
Dimnah - A city of Zebulun given to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:35)
Mishal - A town of Asher, assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 19:26; Joshua 21:30)
Chenani'ah - (established by the Lord ), chief of the Levites when David carried the ark to Jerusalem
Conani'ah - (made by Jehovah ), one of the chiefs of the Levites in the time of Josiah
he'Bronites, the - A family of Kohathite Levites, descendants of Hebron the son of Kohath
Che'Ani - (a contraction of Chenaniah), one of the Levites who assisted at the solemn purification of the people under Ezra
Elishaphat - Son of Zichri, whom Jehoiada employed to assemble the Levites to Jerusalem to restore Joash to the throne (2 Chronicles 23:1)
Ceremonial Law - See Festivals ; Laws; Priests and Levites; Sacrifices and Offerings; Worship
mi'Shal, - (entreaty ), one of the towns in the territory of Asher, ( Joshua 19:26 ) allotted to the Gershonite Levites
zu'ri-el - (my rock is God ) son of Abihail, and chief of the Merarite Levites at the time of the exodus
Kadmiel - , his servant, one of the Levites who returned with Zerubbabel from the Captivity (Nehemiah 9:4 ; 10:9 ; 12:8 )
Dimnah - Dunghill, a city of Zebulun given to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:35 )
Levy - The priests and Levites were supported in part by a levy of war gains
Mattaniah - A man's name, chief of the family of the Levites, 1 Chronicles 25:16
Kartan - City in Naphtali, given to the Levites
Levi (2) - See Levites and Priest
ja-a'zi-el - (whom Jehovah comforts ), one of the Levites appointed by David to perform the musical service before the ark
Nethinim - So the Levites were "given" (nethunim ) unto Jehovah instead of the firstborn, and by Jehovah "given" to Aaron (see Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:16-19). (See Levites. To the Levites 320 of the Midianite captives were given, and 32 to the priests ( Numbers 31:40; Numbers 31:42; Numbers 31:47). To these slaves doubtless the Levites and priests assigned the more laborious work of the tabernacle service. "...
The Nethinim were their successors; a larger number of servants of the sanctuary being needed when David was reorganizing the worship, he and the princes "appointed" (Hebrew, "gave") Nethinim for the service of the Levites (Ezra 8:20), probably from the prisoners taken in war, upon their embracing the worship of Jehovah. ...
But when the Levites were slow in coming forward at the return from Babylon, 341 only under Zerubbabel as contrasted with 4,289 priests (Ezra 2:36-58) and none under Ezra until especially called (Ezra 8:15; Ezra 8:17; Ezra 8:20), the Nethinim became more conspicuous, 392 under Zerubbabel, 220 under Ezra, "all expressed by name," registered after the Levites (1 Chronicles 9:2) and admitted to join the covenant (Nehemiah 10:28, compare Deuteronomy 29:11). (See Levites
Jeiel - ...
...
One of the Levites who took part in praising God on the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 16:5 ). ...
...
One of the chief Levites, who made an offering for the restoration of the Passover by Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Chenaiah - "Chief of the Levites," probably a Kohathite (1 Chronicles 15:22 ), and therefore not the same as mentioned in 26:29
Mishal - A town of Asher ( Joshua 19:26 ), given to the Gershonite Levites ( Joshua 21:30 ) = 1 Chronicles 6:74 Mashal
Kartah - City in Zebulun, given to the Levites
Hen'Adad - (grace of Hadad ), the head of a family of the Levites who took a prominent part in the rebuilding of the temple
Zuriel - ” Son of Abihail and head of the Merari family of Levites (Numbers 3:35 )
iz'Eharites - A family of Kohathite Levites, descended from Izhar the son of Kohath, ( Numbers 3:27 ) called also "Izharites" (1 Chronicles 26:23,29 )
Gin'Netho - (gardner ), one of the chief of the priests and Levites who returned to Judea with Zerubbabel
Bun'ni -
One of the Levites in the time of Nehemiah
Isshiah - Member of the Kohath branch of Levites (1 Chronicles 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 24:24-25 ). Descendant of Moses among the Levites (1 Chronicles 24:21 ; compare 1 Chronicles 23:13-17 )
Korahites - (kawr' uh hitess) Descendants of Korah who belonged to the Kohathite Levites
Kedemoth - City in Reuben, given to the Levites
Gib'Bethon - (a hill ), a town allotted to the tribe of Dan, ( Joshua 19:44 ) and afterwards given with its "suburbs" to the Kohathite Levites
Levites - Levi's wild zeal against the defiler of Dinah was the forerunner of the Levites' zeal against impure idolaters. (See LEVI on the Levites' promotion to be the priestly tribe for their zeal in the Lord's cause. Substituted for the firstborn males of all Israel whom Jehovah claimed as His when He saved Israel from the stroke on Egypt's firstborn; the Levites, 22,000; the firstborn males, 22,273; the odd 273 above were to be redeemed at five shekels each (Numbers 3:45-51), the fixed price for redeeming a victim vowed in sacrifice (Numbers 18:16; Leviticus 27:6). The Levites' cattle were taken for the firstlings of Israel's cattle (compare Exodus 13:12-13). The Levites marching from Sinai round the tabernacle were the heavenly King's royal guard; none else was to approach it on pain of death (Numbers 1:51; Numbers 18:22; Numbers 4:3-30). The Levites stood midway between the people and the priesthood, which culminated in the high priest. The Levites were Jehovah's and Israel's 1 Chronicles 9:2; the Levites' subordinates) and "joined" (as Levi means) to the priests (Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:19; Numbers 18:2; Numbers 18:4; Numbers 18:6). ...
The Levites were purified for service with bathing, shaving, washing clothes, imposition of Israel' s hands, waving them as a wave offering to Jehovah (compare our gospel "living sacrifice," Romans 12:1) toward the four points of the compass, in token of entire consecration of all their powers; the Levite then laid hands on one bullock offered for a sin offering and another for a burnt offering. Korah's rebellion through seeking the priesthood was followed by a fresh defining of the Levites' office (Numbers 16; Numbers 18:1-7). The Levites received a tithe or tenth of all produce, animal and vegetable, of which they had to pay the priests a tithe (Numbers 18:20-32). A second tithe the Israelites used for the tabernacle feasts and free will offerings, and of this second tithe the Levites should receive a share (Deuteronomy 14:23; Deuteronomy 14:27), especially when ministering (Deuteronomy 18:7-8). ) The phrase "the Levite that is within thy gates" is appropriate (Deuteronomy 14:27), for the Levites' cities did not cease to belong to the tribes within which they lay. Thus Levites are occasionally spoken of as belonging to other tribes, namely, those within whose territory they resided (1 Deuteronomy 8:6; Judges 17:7; 1 Samuel 1:1). "The priests the Levites" on the peculiar use of Levites without distinction from the priests) were to determine controversies and to preserve the law in the side of the ark, and in the seventh year at the feast of tabernacles read it before Israel, and pronounce the curses from Ebal (Deuteronomy 17:9-12; Deuteronomy 31:9-13; Deuteronomy 31:26; Deuteronomy 27:14). )...
The Hivite Gibeonites (Joshua 9:27) and the Nethinim relieved the Levites of their more burdensome duties subsequently. The Levites were among his schools of the prophets, whose training consisted in praise, prayer, and study of the law. David's words (1 Chronicles 15:2) imply that heretofore Levites had not been in charge of the ark, therefore that Abinadab was not a Levite possibly (?). to carry the ark of God but the Levites, for them hath Jehovah chosen. Accordingly, at Hebron, 4,600 Levites joined David, besides 3,700 priests (1 Chronicles 12:26-27). The duties of the Levites are defined by him (1 Chronicles 23:24-32), "to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of Jehovah," etc. ...
The Levites supplied "officers and judges" (1 Chronicles 26:30), "in all the business of the Lord and the service of the king. " Korah's sons of the Levites, headed by Heman, played upon psalteries and harps (1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:32); the Kohathites prepared the shewbread every sabbath; the Gershonites were headed by Asaph's son in the temple choir (1 Chronicles 6:39; 1 Chronicles 6:44; 1 Chronicles 15:17), the Merarites by Ethan or Jeduthun. The Levites numbered 38,000 under David (1 Chronicles 23:3), of whom 4,000 formed the full choir; 288 in 24 divisions of 12 each were the skilled musicians (1 Chronicles 25:1-8). At the severance of Israel and Judah the Levites flocked from the apostate northern kingdom to Judah and Jerusalem, and strengthened the southern kingdom (2 Chronicles 11:13-14; 2 Chronicles 13:10-12). ...
The Levites proclaimed and taught the law, and judged controversies, with the priests and chiefs of Israel, in Jehoshaphat's reformation (2 Chronicles 19:8-11). So under Josiah the Levites had as their characteristic designation that they "taught all Israel" (2 Chronicles 35:3-15). The Levites acted as teachers and scribes of the law, and chroniclers of their times. Even the Levites fell into apostasy in the closing reigns of Judah (Ezekiel 44:10-14; Ezekiel 48:11). None of the Levites joined Ezra at his gathering at the river Ahava (Ezra 8:15; Ezra 8:18-20). A false judaizing analogy makes the Christian deacons answer to the Levites, the presbyters to the priests, and the bishops to the high priest. It is the peculiarity of the Mosaic system, as distinguished from pagan systems, that the Levites, the ministers of religion, not merely performed religious rites, but without vows of celibacy, freely intermarrying with the other tribes, were dispersed among the nation to teach moral and religious truths to all, of whom they formed the twelfth part (Deuteronomy 31:9-13). Jehovah praises Levites as to the past: "My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared Me and was afraid before My name
Hodijah -
One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in expounding the law (Nehemiah 8:7 ; 9:5 )
Tob-Adoni'Jah - (Adonijah the good ), one of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah to teach the law to the people
Bakbukiah - ” Leader among the Levites in Jerusalem after the Exile (Nehemiah 11:17 ; Nehemiah 12:9 ,Nehemiah 12:9,12:25 )
el-Tekeh - (God its fear ), one of the cities in the border of Dan, ( Joshua 19:44 ) which with its suburbs was allotted to the Kohathite Levites
Jokmeam - A city of Ephraim, attached to the Kohathite Levites (1 Chronicles 6:68); in the Jordan valley, the extreme E
Levites - Levites (lç'vîtes). But the "sons of Aaron" were separated from the rest of the descendants of Levi and consecrated priests; hence, after this the Levites comprised only those descendants of Levi who were not "sons of Aaron"—that is, priests. Sometimes, also, the term was used to show from what tribe the priests came—"the priests the Levites. The Levites numbered 22,000 in the wilderness, and took the place of the first-born, part of whom were redeemed at five shekels each, Numbers 3:45-51, the fixed ransom for a victim vowed in sacrifice. Thus the Levites came to occupy in the Hebrew theocracy a position midway between the priests and the people. Forty-eight cities, with 1000 cubits of the country surrounding, were appropriated for the residence and maintenance of the Levites. Besides these cities, with adjacent districts, the Levites received a tithe of all produce, animal and vegetable, but of this they paid a tithe to the priests. When the separation took place between the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah, all the Levites gathered to Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:13-15, and they continued to play a conspicuous part in the destinies of this kingdom
Bunni - Ancestor of a family of Levites
Anem - ” A city given the Levites from the territory of Issachar (1 Chronicles 6:73 )
Hashbad'Ana - (considerate judge ), one of the men (probably Levites) who stood on Ezra's left hand while he read the law to the people in Jerusalem
Kibzaim - Two heaps, a city of Ephraim, assigned to the Kohathite Levites, and appointed as a city of refuge (Joshua 21 :: 22 )
Water of Purification - Used in cases of ceremonial cleansings at the consecration of the Levites (Numbers 8:7 )
Helkath - ) Allotted to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 21:31)
Bileam - (bil' ee am) City given to Levites from tribal territory of western Manasseh
Leviticus - ) The third canonical book of the Old Testament, containing the laws and regulations relating to the priests and Levites among the Hebrews, or the body of the ceremonial law
Levitical - ) Of or pertaining to a Levite or the Levites
Ithamar - During the wilderness years Ithamar apparently was in charge of all the Levites (Exodus 38:21 ). See Aaron ; Priests and Levites
Amminadab - Son of Kohath in genealogy of Levites (1 Chronicles 6:22 ), but this may be copyist's change for Izhar (Exodus 6:18 ,Exodus 6:18,6:21 ). Head of a family of Levites (1 Chronicles 15:10 )
Jozabad - A chief of the Levites in the days of Josiah. A chief of the Levites who returned from exile
Aaronites - Levites of the family of Aaron: the priests who served the sanctuary
Kedemoth - Beginnings; easternmost, a city of Reuben, assigned to the Levites of the family of Merari (Joshua 13:18 )
Hodijah - Levites who returned from exile and sealed the covenant
Kish'Ion - (hardness ), one of the towns on the boundary of the tribe of Issachar, ( Joshua 19:20 ) which with its suburbs was allotted to the Gershonite Levites
Mikne'Iah - (possession of Jehovah ), one of the Levites of the second rank, gatekeepers of the ark, appointed by David to play in the temple band "with harps upon Sheminith
Jeshar'Elah - (right before God ), son of Asaph, and head of the seventh of the twenty-four wards into which the musicians of the Levites were divided
Nethinim - , to the menial work of the sanctuary for the Levites. Their numbers were added to afterwards from captives taken in battle; and they were formally given by David to the Levites (Ezra 8:20 ), and so were called Nethinim, i. , the given ones, given to the Levites to be their servants
Rehabiah - ” Son of Eliezer and ancestor of a group of Levites (1 Chronicles 23:17 ; 1 Chronicles 24:21 ; 1 Chronicles 26:25 )
Kelaiah - ” One of the Levites who divorced his foreign wife during the time of Ezra
Loddeus - The ‘captain in the place of the treasury’ (or ‘at the place Casiphia,’ Ezra 8:17 )’ to whom Ezra sent for Levites; called Iddo in Ezra 8:17
Kel'Ita - (assembly ), one of the Levites who returned with Ezra
Almon - ” City given to Levites from tribe of Benjamin, called Alemeth in 1 Chronicles 6:60
Levites - God chose the Levites for the service of his tabernacle and temple, instead of the firstborn of all Israel, to whom such duties naturally belonged, and who were already sacred to God in memory of the great deliverance in Egypt. In the wilderness, the Levites took charge of the tabernacle and its contents; and conveyed it from place to place, each of the three families having a separate portion, Joshua 20:1-210 4:1-49 1 Chronicles 23:1-265 . God provided for the subsistence of the Levites, by giving to them the tithe of corn, fruit, and cattle; but they paid to the priests the tenth of their tithes; and as the Levites possessed no estates in land, the tithes which the priests received from them were considered as the first fruits which they were to offer to the Lord, Numbers 18:21-32 . The payment of tithes to the Levites appears not to have been enforced, but depended on the goodwill of the people; hence the special charges laid on their brethren, not to forget them, Deuteronomy 2:12,18,19 . ...
God assigned for the habitation of the Levites forty-eight cities, with fields, pastures, and gardens, Numbers 35:1-34 . While the Levites were actually employed in the temple, they were supported out of the provisions kept in store there, and out of the daily offerings. The consecration of Levites was without much ceremony. ...
The Levites wore no peculiar dress to distinguish them from other Israelites, till the time of Agrippa. ...
The Levites were divided into different classes: the Gershomites, Kohathites, and Merarites, Numbers 3:17-20 . After the revolt of the ten tribes, a large portion of the Levites abandoned their cities in Israel, and dwelt in Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:12-14 13:9-11
Neto'Phah - The "villages of the Neophathites" were the residence of the Levites. (1 Chronicles 9:16 ) From another notice we learn that the particular Levites who inhabited these villages were singers
Aner - ...
...
A city of Manasseh given to the Levites of Kohath's family (1 Chronicles 6:70 )
Kartah - City, a town in the tribe of Zebulun assigned to the Levites of the family of Merari (Joshua 21:34 )
Rehabiah - One of the Levites, 1 Chronicles 23:17
Hothir - He led the twenty-first course of Levites (1 Chronicles 25:28 )
Chenaniah - Chief of the Levites at the removal of the ark from the house of Obed-edom ( 1 Chronicles 15:22 ; 1 Chronicles 15:27 ), named among the officers and judges over Israel ( 1 Chronicles 26:29 )
Unno - A family of Levites that returned with Zerub
Mephaath - Assigned to the Merarite Levites
Jarib - One whom Ezra sent to fetch Levites for the house of God
Michah - (mi' kuh) Abbreviated form of the personal name Micaiah, KJV used for the leader of a family of Levites in David's time (1 Chronicles 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 24:24-25 )
Jokmeam - Gathering of the people, a city of Ephraim, which was given with its suburbs to the Levites (1 Chronicles 6:68 )
Razor - At their consecration the Levites were shaved all over with a razor (Numbers 8:7 ; Compare Psalm 52:2 ; Ezekiel 5:1 )
Anem - City of Issachar, assigned to the Levites
Aner - A town of Manasseh, west of the Jordan assigned to the Levites
Kar'Tan - (double city ), a city of Naphtali, allotted to the Gershonite Levites
Hel'Hath - (portion ), the town named as the starting-point for the boundary of the tribe of Asher, ( Joshua 19:25 ) and allotted with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites
Kibza'im - (two heaps ), a city of Mount Ephraim, given up with its "suburbs" to the Kohathite Levites
Elkanah - A person named in a list of Levites (1 Chronicles 6:23-26 ). The father of Asa who is mentioned in a list of Levites (1 Chronicles 9:16 )
Ithamar - Eleazar, the senior of the two, had overall control of the Levites (Numbers 3:32), but Ithamar had specific responsibility for two of the three family divisions within the Levites (Numbers 4:28; Numbers 4:33)
Libni - Original ancestor of clan of Levites (Exodus 6:17 ; Numbers 3:21 ; Numbers 26:58 )
Emadabun - One of the Levites who superintended the restoration of the Temple
Jehdeiah - A Levite listed outside the twenty-four courses of Levites (1 Chronicles 24:20 )
Jok'ne-am - (possessed by the people ), a city of the tribe of Zebulun, allotted with its suburbs to the Merarite Levites
Kartan - Double city, a town of Naphali, assigned to the Gershonite Levites, and one of the cities of refuge (Joshua 21:32 )
Mica - All passages reflect Levites
Kishion - A town allotted to Issachar ( Joshua 19:20 ), given to the Levites ( Joshua 21:28 )
Gershom - Moses appears to have given them no rank or emoluments but those of simple Levites, 1 Chronicles 23:15
el'Nathan, - (Jeremiah 26:22 ; 36:12,25 ) ...
The name of three persons, apparently Levites, in the time of Ezra
Tobijah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Nahallal - It was given to the Levites
Sherebi'ah - ) When Ezra read the law to the people, Sherebiah was among the Levites who assisted him
Mephaath - A city of Reuben ( Joshua 13:18 ); assigned to the Levites ( Joshua 21:37 , 1 Chronicles 6:79 ); a Moabite city in Jeremiah 48:21
Hodaviah - Ancestor of some Levites who returned from exile
Daberath - City of Issachar, given to the Levites
Kad'mi-el - (before God ), one of the Levites who with his family returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel
Nethinim - (nehth' ih nihm) Name meaning, “those given (to the priests and Levites),” which Ezra and Nehemiah apply to persons of foreign extraction who performed menial tasks in the Temple. Moses assigned Midianite prisoners of war to the priests (32 servants; Numbers 31:28 ,Numbers 31:28,31:40 ) and the Levites (320 servants; Numbers 31:30 ,Numbers 31:30,31:47 ). The servants which David gave to the Levites were also likely war prisoners (Ezra 8:20 )
Tithe - ...
Note: Hebrews 7:4-9 shows the superiority of the Melchizedek priesthood to the Levitical, in that (1) Abraham, the ancestor of the Levites, paid "tithes" to Melchizedek ( Genesis 14:20 ); (2) Melchizedek, whose genealogy is outside that of the Levites, took "tithes" of Abraham, the recipient himself of the Divine promises; (3) whereas death is the natural lot of those who receive "tithes," the death of Melchizedek is not recorded; (4) the Levites who received "tithes" virtually paid them through Abraham to Melchizedek
Levite - According to the view represented in the OT by the so-called ‘Priests’ Code,’ the Levites were originally the clan whose members were qualified for the priestly office. In the course of time a distinction arose, and the Levites became the principal attendants upon the priests, entrusted with minor sacerdotal duties but not competent to succeed to the full status. In later times an assumed parallel between the historical and the true Israel was pushed, until the relation of deacons to bishops and presbyters was based upon that of Levites to priests. The theory has proved useful since the days of Cyprian, and may conceivably have originated in some of the Ebionitic Christian communities of our period; but the functions of the two classes, Levites and deacons, were quite distinct, and any analogy between them is artificial and an afterthought
Daberath - In Joshua 21:28 it is a city given the Levites from the territory of Issachar
Conaniah - A chief of the Levites in Josiah’s reign ( 2 Chronicles 35:9 ); called in Esther 1:9 Esther 1:9 Jeconias
Ham'Mon - ...
A city allotted out of the tribe of Naphtali to the Levites, (1 Chronicles 6:76 ) and answering to the somewhat similar names HAMMATH and HAMMOTH-DOR in Joshua
Jokneam - , on Carmel, allotted with its suburbs to the Merarite Levites
Mashal - City in the tribal territory of Asher later assigned to the Levites (1 Chronicles 6:74 )
Ephod - See Dress, § 2 ( c ), and Priests and Levites
Abdon (2) - A city of Asher given to the Levites of Gershom's family: Joshua 21:30; 1 Chronicles 6:74
Pela'Iah - ) ...
One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in expounding the law, (Nehemiah 8:7 ) He afterward sealed the covenant with Nehemiah
Joiarib - One sent by Ezra to fetch Levites for the house of God
Hashabiah - Three Levites who returned from exile. Two Levites, ancestors of some who returned from exile
Merari - He became the head of one of the great divisions of the Levites (Exodus 6:19 )
Dimnah - ” Town in tribal territory of Zebulun given to Levites (Joshua 21:35 )
Uriel - Chief of the Levites assisting in David's transport of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 6:24 ; 1Chronicles 15:5,1 Chronicles 15:11 ); 2
Beeshterah - ” Place east of the Jordan from territory of tribe of Manasseh set aside for the Levites (Joshua 21:27 )
Elnathan - Three of those whom Ezra sent to fetch Levites to accompany him to Jerusalem
Heshbon - It was probably made over to Gad, since we meet with it among the cities which were given to the Levites, Joshua 21:39
Sherebiah - One of the Levites who joined Ezra ( Ezra 8:18 ; Ezra 8:24 , Nehemiah 8:7 ; Nehemiah 9:4 ; Nehemiah 10:12 (13) Nehemiah 12:8 ; Nehemiah 12:24 )
Jokneam - A city of Zebulun, allotted to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:34; Joshua 19:11)
Jokmeam - A town in Ephraim given to the Levites, near Beth-horon ( 1 Chronicles 6:68 )
Merari, Merarites - The MERARITES became a large branch of the Levites. They shared in the duties devolving on the Levites during the kingdom, a third part of the singers and a third part of the door-keepers being Merarites
Jehiel - ...
...
One of the Levites "of the second degree," appointed to conduct the music on the occasion of the ark's being removed to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:18,20 ). ...
...
One of the Levites of the family of Heman who assisted Hezekiah in his work of reformation (2 Chronicles 29:14 )
Henadad - ” Clan of Levites who supervised the rebuilding of the Temple under Zerubbabel after 537 B
Shebaniah - ” A clan of Levites in which the name was used for several individuals (1 Chronicles 15:24 ; Nehemiah 9:4-5 ; Nehemiah 10:4 ,Nehemiah 10:4,10:10 ,Nehemiah 10:10,10:12 ; Nehemiah 12:14 )
Kedemoth - of the Dead Sea, assigned to Reuben (Joshua 13:18), then to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:37)
Nahalal - A city of Zebulun, given to the Merarite Levites
Mephaath - ” Town in Reuben's tribal allotment (Joshua 13:18 ), assigned to the Levites (Joshua 21:37 ; 1 Chronicles 6:79 )
Calitas - One of the Levites who undertook to repudiate his ‘strange wife,’ Esther 9:23 Esther 9:23
Numbers - The main points include: the consecration of the Levites and the Kohanim, the Spies' trip to Canaan, Korah's mutiny, Balaam's attempt to curse the Israelites, and the Israelites’ war against Midian
Leviticus - a canonical book of Scripture, being the third book of the Pentateuch of Moses; thus called because it contains principally the laws and regulations relating to the Levites, priests, and sacrifices; for which reason the Hebrews call it the law of the priests, because it includes many ordinances concerning their services
Levi - See also: Levites
Shebuel - Grandson of Moses and head of a clan of Levites (1 Chronicles 23:16 ; 1 Chronicles 26:24 ; sometimes equated with Shubael of 1 Chronicles 24:20 )
Hanan - ...
One of the Levites who assisted Ezra (Nehemiah 8:7 )
Ariel -
One of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites for the sanctuary (Ezra 8:16 )
Alemeth - A city set aside for the Levites from Benjamin's allotment (1 Chronicles 6:60 )
Conaniah - He and other Levites contributed 5,000 sheep and goats and 500 bulls for Josiah's Passover offering (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Ked'Emoth - (beginnings ), one of the towns in the district east of the Dead Sea allotted to the tribe of Reuben, ( Joshua 13:18 ) given by the Merarite Levites
Helkath - ” Border town in the tribal allotment of Asher (Joshua 19:25 ) given to the Levites (Joshua 21:31 )
Hilen - ” City in tribal territory of Judah given to Levites (1 Chronicles 6:58 )
Jesharelah - (jehssh uh ree' luh) KJV, NAS, RSV transliteration of Hebrew name of leader of seventh division of Levites (1 Chronicles 25:14 )
Bunni - His son Hasabiah was one of the Levites living in Jerusalem in time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:15 )
Kemuel - The father of Hashabaiah, the ruler of the Levites ( 1 Chronicles 27:17 )
Gradual Psalms - Other commentators say they were hymns sung in the liturgical service of the Temple as the Levites ascended in procession the steps, particularly in celebrating the Feast of Tabernacles
ja'Min - (1 Chronicles 2:27 ) ...
One of the Levites who expounded the law to the people
Amasai - One of the Levites
Levites - As most of their duties required a man's full strength, the Levites usually entered active service at 30. In the journey through the wilderness the number of the Levites from 30 years up to 50 years, the year of superannuation, was 8580 (Numbers 4)
Kedesh - Canaanite city, taken by Joshua, allotted to Issachar, and given to the Levites. City in Naphtali, allotted to the Levites, and a city of refuge
Bezer - A city of refuge in tribal territory of Reuben (Deuteronomy 4:43 ; Joshua 20:8 ), set aside as a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:36 )
Kibzaim - A city of Mount Ephraim (Joshua 21:22); given to the Kohathite Levites; ("two heaps"
Jarmuth - City of Issachar, allotted to the Levites
Chenaniah - Chief of the Levites under David who instructed people in singing and played a leading role in bringing the ark back to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:22 , 1 Chronicles 15:27 )
Gibbethon - A city of the Philistines, within the bounds of the tribe of Dan, and assigned to the Levites, Joshua 19:44 ; 21:23
en-Gan'Nim - (Joshua 19:21 ) allotted with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites, (Joshua 21:29 ) probably Jenin , the first village encountered on the ascent from the great plain of Esdraelon into the hills of the central country
Jok'me-am - (gathered by the people ), a city of Ephraim, given with its suburbs to a Kohathite Levites
Bamidbar - The main points include: the consecration of the Levites and the Kohanim, the Spies' trip to Canaan, Korah's mutiny, Balaam's attempt to curse the Israelites, and the Israelites� war against Midian
Levitical Cities - ...
The Levites were not the sole possessors or occupiers of these cities. The Levites could not sell any open plots of land. To prevent the dispossession of Levites, it was ordained that they might at any time redeem houses in their own cities which they had been forced by need to sell. Pastureland belonging to Levites could not be sold (Leviticus 25:32-34 ). The cities formed bases of operation so that the Levites could better infiltrate each of the tribes to instruct them in God's covenant. The list of cities describes the dispersion of the Levites who were not employed at the large sanctuaries, had no steady income, and who belonged, therefore, in the category of widows and orphans
Nethinim - (1) They were slaves in the strict sense; (2) they were admitted to Israelite privileges, being circumcised, and treated as free men holding an official position in the Church; (3) they rose in standing and prestige so as to become practically equivalent to the Levites. Ezra 8:20 speaks of the Nethinim as those ‘whom David and the princes had given for the service of the Levites,’ which shows, at least, that common belief traced their origin back to David. In Ezra 2:48-58 ; Ezra 2:70 = Nehemiah 7:46-58 ; Nehemiah 7:73 are given the names of the Nethinim who are reported to have returned with Zerubbabel; and they are mentioned together with priests, Levites, singers, and porters. They shared with priests, Levites, singers, and porters, immunity from taxation ( Ezra 7:24 ). Further, only a portion of them, like the priests, Levites, singers, and porters, dwelt in Jerusalem; the others ‘dwelt in their cities’ ( Ezra 2:70 = Nehemiah 7:73 , 1 Chronicles 9:2 ). From this point the Nethinim gradually rose in official position, until they were indistinguishable from the Levites. In 1 Chronicles 23:28 the Levites are spoken of in such a way as to suggest that the term included all Temple-servants. And conversely, since singers and doorkeepers (who are quite distinct from Levites in Ezr. ) were explicitly reckoned by the Chronicler as Levites ( 1 Chronicles 15:18 ; 1 Chronicles 26:1-19 ), it is probable that the same was the case with the Nethinim. Finally, in 1E Esther 1:3 the Levites, and in 1Es 8:22 ; 1Es 8:48 the Nethinim, are described by the same term, hierodoutoi
Jattir - Joshua reserved it for the Levites (Joshua 20:14 )
Jeshaiah - Member of family of Levites with responsibility for treasury of God's house under David (1 Chronicles 26:25 )
Elizaphan - A clan leader among the sons of Kohath among the Levites in the wilderness with Moses (Numbers 3:30 )
Holon - A city of Judah in the Hebron hills, given to the Levites ( Joshua 15:51 ; Joshua 21:15 )
Tobi'Jah -
One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat, to teach the law in the cities of Judah
Porter - Of the Levites, 4,000 were appointed as porters by David (1 Chronicles 23:5 ), who were arranged according to their families (26:1-19) to take charge of the doors and gates of the temple
Ahiman - A family of Levites who had charge of that gate of the Temple through which the king entered ( 1 Chronicles 9:17 f
Ashtaroth, Astaroth - It was given to the half-tribe of Manasseh and afterwards devoted to the Levites
Meph'a-Ath - It was one of the cities allotted with their suburbs to the Merarite Levites
Nahal'al, - (pasture ), one of the cities of Zebulun, given with its "suburbs" to the Merarite Levites
Levites - LEVITES. —According to one line of tradition, the Levites were appointed to assist the priests (Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:19; Numbers 18:1-6), but were not themselves, like Aaron and his sons, to approach unto the most holy things (Numbers 4:19); yet according to another representation the priesthood belonged to them as an inheritance (Deuteronomy 33:8-11, Joshua 18:7). The Levites are to be classed among the Temple officials, and to their office with its specific duties (Numbers 1:50-51; Numbers 3:8) they were formally set apart (Numbers 8:6-7). ...
The relation of assistantship which associated the Levites with the priests was similar to that which connected deacons with bishops in the Christian Church; and it is not improbable that that connexion was suggested by the arrangement of the functions of the Temple officers with which the Jewish converts to Christianity were familiar. ]'>[4] ...
In the Fourth Gospel (John 1:19) the distinction between priest and Levite is made by naming together the representatives of these classes, who were sent from Jerusalem to ask John the question, ‘Who art thou?’ The Levites, as teachers of the people, would be deemed qualified to judge of claims of Messiahship (so Hengstenberg and Godet, but see B. ); but it is significant that the mission to John of priests and Levites, who were officially connected with the Passover ceremonies, is recorded, and in it alone, in the Gospel which, according to the theory held by many critics, identifies Christ with the Paschal lamb. ‘Priests and Levites’ by Baudissin in Hastings’ DB
Jokmeam - It lay on the border, perhaps outside of the tribal territory of Zebulun (Joshua 19:11 , spelled Jokneam) and was assigned the Levites (Joshua 21:34 , spelled Jokneam). City of the Levites from tribe of Ephraim (1 Chronicles 6:68 ), either omitted in list in Joshua 21:22 or to be equated with Kibzaim there
Kedesh - A city of Issachar; assigned to the Gershonite Levites. A fortified city belonging to the tribe of Naphtali; allotted to the Gershonite Levites, Joshua 20:7; Joshua 21:32; 1 Chronicles 6:76, and made a city of refuge
Hands, Laying on of - At the consecration of the Levites the children of Israel first laid their hands on the Levites, and the Levites laid their hands on the head of one bullock for a sin offering, and on another for a burnt offering, to make atonement for the Levites
Holon - Town in the hill country of Judah allotted to tribe of Judah and given as city for Levites (Joshua 15:51 ; Joshua 21:15 )
Taanach - It was assigned to the Levites of the family of Kohath (17:11-18; 21:25)
Nahalal - A town of Zebulun ( Joshua 19:15 ), given to the Levites ( Joshua 21:35 )
Kishion - ” A town in Issachar allotted to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 21:28 )
Zadokites - See High Priest ; Priests and Levites; Zadok
Jarib - One of the ‘chief men’ who were sent by Ezra to Casiphia in search of Levites ( Ezra 8:16 ); called in 1Es 8:44 Joribus
Jaazer, Jazer - City and district in Gilead: it was taken from the Amorites by Israel, allotted to Gad, and given to the Levites
Anathoth - A town in Benjamin given to the Levites ( Joshua 21:18 ); the modern ‘Anâta , 2 1 / 4 miles N
Encamp - Exodus 13 ...
The Levites shall encamp about the tabernacle
Abiasaph - The name of a division of the Korahite Levites, mentioned only in the genealogies of P go'Lan - (circle ), a city of Bashan, (4:43) allotted out of the half tribe of Manasseh to the Levites, ( Joshua 21:27 ) and one of the three cities of refuge east of the Jordan
ha'Shum - ) ...
One of the priests or Levites who stood on Ezra's left hand while he read the law to the congregation
Jehon'Athan - ...
One of the Levites who were sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah, with a book of the law, to teach the people
Hashabiah - Temple musician and Levite under David (1 Chronicles 25:3 ) and leader of course of Levites (1 Chronicles 25:19 ). Family of Levites from Hebron given authority to carry out God's business in the service of the king west of the Jordan (1 Chronicles 26:30 ). Levite leader under Josiah who provided animals for the Levites to celebrate Passover (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Sherebiah - ” Ancestor of a family of Levites (Ezra 8:18 ,Ezra 8:18,8:24 ; Nehemiah 8:7 ; Nehemiah 9:4-5 ; Nehemiah 10:12 ; Nehemiah 12:8 ,Nehemiah 12:8,12:24 )
Libni - The eldest son of Gershon, that is to say, the eponym of a principal family of Gershonite Levites, Exodus 6:17 , Numbers 3:18 , 1 Chronicles 6:17 ; 1 Chronicles 6:20
Jehonathan - 2 Chronicles 17:8 one of the Levites sent out by Jehoshaphat with the Book of the Law to teach the people in the cities of Judah
Hammon - City in Naphtali allotted to the Levites
Uzzi - Son of Bani and overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem
Levite - The Levites also sung and played on instruments of music
he'Man - He is called "the singer," rather the musician, (1 Chronicles 6:33 ) and was the first of the three Levites to whom was committed the vocal and instrumental music of the temple service in the reign of David
Jar'Muth - ...
A city of Issachar allotted with its suburbs to the Gershonite Levites
Ethan - The Ezrahite, one of Mahol's (but Zerah's, of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 2:6 Darda; these Levites being associated with the house of Zerah of Judah by residence or citizenship, compare Judges 18:7; 1 Samuel 1:1) four sons, whose wisdom Solomon's surpassed (1 Kings 4:31); title of Psalms 89:2. Son of Kishi or Kushaiah; head of the Merarite Levites in David's time; a "singer" (1 Chronicles 6:33-44); with Heman and Asaph, the heads of the other two Levite families, Ethan was to sound with cymbals (1 Chronicles 15:17; 1 Chronicles 15:19)
Courses - The Levites were divided in a similar manner. ...
The courses of the priests and Levites were restored by Ezra on the return from captivity, Ezra 6:18 , and we find them still in operation in the N
Levi - This appears to have come upon Simeon; but the holy zeal of the Levites on occasion of the golden calf procured them a remarkable blessing and distinction. See Levites
ke'Desh - ...
A city of Issachar, allotted to the Gershonite Levites. ...
Kedesh; also Kedesh in Galilee; and once, (Judges 4:6 ) Kedesh-naphtali, one of the fortified cities of the tribe of Naphtali, named between Hazor and Edrei, (Joshua 19:37 ) appointed as a city of refuge, and allotted with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites
Tabor - A town in the tribe of Zebulun, given to Levites descended from Merari ( 1 Chronicles 6:77 )
Golan - It was also a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:27 )
Uzzi - Overseer of Jerusalem Levites after the Exile (Nehemiah 11:22 )
Rehob (2) - Another town of Asher (Joshua 19:30); assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 21:31); kept by the Canaanites through Asher's remissness (Judges 1:31)
Caiaphas - See Priests and Levites; Cross; Crucifixion
Laadan - Original ancestor of clan of Levites and son of Gershon (1 Chronicles 23:7-9 ; 1 Chronicles 26:21 ), though elsewhere Gershon's son is named Libni
en-Gannim - A town of Issachar given to the Levites; now Jenîn , a town on the S
Abinadab - A Levite of Kirjath-jearim, (but (See Levites for doubts as to Abinadab being a Levite,) in whose house the ark remained twenty years (1 Samuel 7:1-2; 1 Chronicles 13:7); Eleazar his son was sanctified to keep it
Elizaphan - Father of certain Levites that assisted Hezekiah in cleansing the temple
Gezer - A royal city of the Canaanites, Joshua 10:33 12:12 ; between Bethhoron and the Mediterranean, Joshua 16:3 ; afterwards on the western border of Ephraim, and assigned to the Levites, Joshua 16:3 21:21
Merari - The youngest of Levi's three sons, born in Canaan, and head of a family of the Levites, Genesis 46:11 ; Exodus 6:16 ; Numbers 3:17 ; 1 Chronicles 6:1
Numbers, the Book of - So called because the first three chapters contain the numbering of the Hebrews and Levites, which was performed separately, after the erection and consecration of he tabernacle
Tithe - (Leviticus 27:30-33 ) This tenth is ordered to be assigned to the Levites as the reward of their service, and it is ordered further that they are themselves to dedicate to the Lord a tenth of these receipts, which is to be devoted to the maintenance of the high priest. Commands are given to the people-- ...
To bring their tithes, together with their votive and other offerings and first-fruits, to the chosen centre of worship, the metropolis, there to be eaten in festive celebration in company with their children their servants and the Levites. (5:28,29) ...
Lastly it is ordered that after taking the tithe in each third year, "which is the year of tithing," an exculpatory declaration is to be made by every Israelite that he has done his best to fulfill the divine command, (26:12-14) From all this we gather-- (1) That one tenth of the whole produce of the soil was to be assigned for the maintenance of the Levites. (2) That out of this the Levites were to dedicate a tenth to God for the use of the high priest. (4) That in every third year, either this festival tithe or a third tenth was to be eaten in company with the poor and the Levites
Porter - The Levites kept the doors of the temple: it was an honourable office
Taanach, Tanach - It fell to the lot of Issachar or Asher, but was occupied by Manasseh and given to the Levites
Gershom - 1 Chronicles 23:14 shows that Moses' sons had been incorporated into the line of Levites. See Gershon ; Levites ; Moses
Tithe - Numbers 18:20-32 provides for support of the Levites and the priests through the tithe. The same code stipulated the third year's tithe for care of the Levites, orphans, widows, and foreigners (Deuteronomy 14:28-29 )
Tithes - ...
The tithes were paid to the Levites, and so became the chief source of the Levites’ income. Since the Levites spent their time in religious service for the people, they had no time to earn a normal living. ...
Having received tithes, the Levites then had to pay tithes. The Levites’ tithes became the income of the priests (Numbers 18:25-32). ...
People presented their tithes by taking them to the central place of worship, where, with their households and the Levites, they joined in a joyous ceremonial meal (Deuteronomy 12:5-7; Deuteronomy 12:17-19). ...
Every third year the offerers had to distribute this tithe (or perhaps an additional tithe) in their own locality, so that the local poor could benefit from it as well as the Levites
Jahath - A leader of the Levites in time of David (1 Chronicles 23:10-11 )
Gershon - See Gershom ; Levi ; Priests and Levites
Elteke - ” A city in Dan (Joshua 19:44 ) assigned to the Levites (Joshua 21:23 )
Hanan - Storekeeper of the tithes ("treasurer of the treasuries"), Nehemiah 13:13, where priests, scribes, Levites, and laymen are represented
Nahalal - Town Zebulun's territory allotted to the Levites (Joshua 19:15 ; Joshua 21:35 )
Jeremoth - Two Levites ( 1 Chronicles 23:23 ; 1 Chronicles 25:22 ); the latter called in 24:30 Jerimoth
Jokneam - It was assigned to the Merarite Levites ( Joshua 21:34 )
Azazi'ah - (1 Chronicles 27:20 ) ...
One of the Levites in the reign of Hezekiah, who had charge of the tithes, and dedicated things in the temple
Leviticus - The third Book of the Bible, named from its contents, as it deals exclusively with the service of God and the religious ceremonies of the Old Testament as carried out by the members of the tribe of Levi, both priests and Levites
Kehelathah - During the 38 years of penal wandering the "congregation" was broken up, only round the tabernacle an organized camp of Levites, priests, and chiefs continued, and it moved from place to place
Kelaiah - Kelita appears in Nehemiah 8:7 as one of the Levites who assisted Ezra in expounding the Law (cf
Ariel - Jewish leader in captivity who acted as Ezra's messenger to the Levites to send people with Ezra to Jerusalem about 458 B
Captain - (Isaiah 1:10 ; 3:6 ) ...
The captain of the temple, mentioned (Luke 22:4 ; Acts 4:1 ; 5:24 ) superintended the guard of priests and Levites who kept watch by night in the temple
re'Hob - ) ...
A Levite or family of Levites who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah
Zac'Cur - ) ...
A Levite, or family of Levites, who signed the covenant with Nehemiah
Razor - See (2 Samuel 14:26 ) Like the Levites, the Egyptian priests were accustomed to shave their whole bodies
Rehob - Two cities assigned to Asher, one of which was allotted to the Levites, but which of the two is not known, nor can they be identified
Kish - The second son of Mahli who belonged to the Merari family of Levites. Son of Abdi, also of the Merari family of Levites
Suburbs - It denotes the untilled ground outside a city or the “pasture land” belonging to the cities: “For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore they gave no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in, with their suburbs for their cattle and for their substance” ( Levites around the city
Neth'Inim - We must not forget that the Levites were given to Aaron and his sons, i. gave ) for the service of the Levites. " ( Ezra 8:20 ) At this time the Nethinim probably lived within the precincts of the temple, doing its rougher work and so enabling the Levites to take a higher position as the religious representatives and instructors of the people
Tithes - They brought the tithes to the Levites in the city of Jerusalem, as appears from Josephus and Tob_1:6 . The Levites set apart the tenth part of their tithes for the priest; because the priest did not receive them immediately from the people, and the Levites were not to meddle with the tithes they had received, before they had given the priests such a part as the law assigned them. Of those nine parts that remained to the proprietors, after the tithe was paid to the Levites, they took still another tenth part, which was either sent to Jerusalem in kind, or, if it was too far, they sent the value in money; adding to it a fifth from the whole as the rabbins inform us. This was probably because there were neither priests nor Levites in the city where he dwelt. So, properly speaking, there were only two sorts of tithes, that which was given to the Levites and priests, and that which was applied to making feasts of charity, either in the temple of Jerusalem, or in other cities. They only give something for the redemption of the first-born, to those who have any proofs of their being descended from the race of the priests or Levites
ta'Anach - ( Joshua 12:21 ) It came into the half tribe of Manasseh, (Joshua 17:11 ; 21:25 ; 1 Chronicles 7:29 ) and was bestowed on the Kohathite Levites
Captain - CAPTAIN OF THE TEMPLE (Luke 22:4; Acts 4:1; Acts 5:24): not military, but over the guard of the temple, consisting of priests and Levites (2 Kings 12:9), "the priests that kept the door" (2 Kings 25:18); they visited the posts by night, and saw that the sentries were on the alert
Uzzi - He had the oversight of the Levites after the return from captivity (Nehemiah 11:22 )
Uzziel - Descendant of Levi (Exodus 6:18 ; Numbers 3:19 ; 1Chronicles 6:2,1 Chronicles 6:18 ) and ancestor of a subdivision of Levites, the Uzzielites (Numbers 3:27 ; 1 Chronicles 15:10 ; 1 Chronicles 26:23 )
Dwarf - Though denied the privilege of making the offering to God, priests with such a blemish were permitted to eat the holy food with other priests and Levites
Jarmuth - A city of Issachar, assigned to the Gershonite Levites
Zacc(h)ur - Descendant of Merari among the Levites (1 Chronicles 24:27 )
Kish - The eponym of a family of Merarite Levites ( 1Ch 23:21-22 ; 1 Chronicles 24:29 , 2 Chronicles 29:12 )
Jeiel - A chief of the Levites in the time of Josiah
Gathrimmon - In 1 Chronicles 6:69 there is also a Gath-rimmon given to the Levites, situate in the tribe of Ephraim; but this does not agree with Joshua, and by comparing the two lists, this appears to be the same as No
Ain - A city of southern Palestine, first given to Judah, Joshua 15:32; afterward assigned to Simeon, Joshua 19:7; and then to the Levites, Joshua 21:16; 1 Chronicles 4:32
ko'Hath - (assembly ), second of the three sons of Levi, from whom the three principal divisions of the Levites derived their origin and their name
Kedesh - It was also called Kedesh in Galilee and given to the Gershonite Levites as one of their cities (Joshua 20:7 ; Joshua 21:32 ). A city in Issachar allotted to the Gershomite Levites (1 Chronicles 6:72 )
le'Vites - Sometimes again it is added as an epithet of the smaller portion of the tribe, and we read of "the priests the Levites. --There is no trace of the consecrated character of the Levites till the institution of a hereditary priesthood in the family of Aaron, during the first withdrawal of Moses to the solitude of Sinai. As the tabernacle was the sign of the presence among the people of their unseen King, so the Levites were, among the other tribes of Israel, as the royal guard that waited exclusively on him. The Levites were to have no territorial possessions. Through the whole land the Levites were to take the place of the old household priests, sharing in all festivals and rejoicings. (14:28; 26:12) To "the priests the Levites" was to belong the office of preserving, transcribing and interpreting the law. In the worship of the tabernacle under David, as afterward in that of the temple, the Levites were the gatekeepers, vergers, sacristans, choristers, of the central sanctuary of the nation. The educational work which the Levites received for their peculiar duties, no less than their connection, more or less intimate, with the schools of the prophets, would tend to make them the teachers of the others, the transcribers and interpreters of the law, the chroniclers of the times in which they lived. --During the period that followed the captivity of the Levites contributed to the formation of the so-called Great Synagogue
Tithes - ...
The Levites received this terumot ; they in turn paid a tenth of this to the high priest (Numbers 18:21-28; Numbers 18:31). In Deuteronomy 10:9; Deuteronomy 12:5-18; Deuteronomy 14:22; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 18:1-2; Deuteronomy 26:12-14, the general first tithe of all animal and vegetable increase for maintaining the priests and Levites is taken, for granted; what is added in this later time is the second additional tithe of the field produce alone, and for celebrating the sacred feasts each first and second year in the Shiloh or Jerusalem sanctuary, and every third year at home with a feast to the Levites, the stranger, fatherless, and widow. ...
Maimonides denies a third tithe (which would be an excessive burden) and represents the seceded tithe of the third and sixth years as shared between the poor and the Levites. Thus there was a yearly tithe for the Levites, a second yearly tithe for two years for the festivals; but this second tithe on every third year was shared by the Levites with the poor
Oil, Olive - , coronation of kings, consecration of the high priest, and ordination of the Levites, and was prominent in Mosaic ordinances (Exodus 30; Leviticus 8; Deuteronomy 28)
Olive Oil - , coronation of kings, consecration of the high priest, and ordination of the Levites, and was prominent in Mosaic ordinances (Exodus 30; Leviticus 8; Deuteronomy 28)
Zebadiah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Joah - Member of family of Levites, who were porters or gatekeepers (1 Chronicles 26:4 )
Appeal - Jehoshaphat appointed Levites, priests, and some of the fathers to constitute a court of appeal (2 Chronicles 19:8)
Nethinim - The name of the Hebrew temple servants, under the Levites
Gibbethon - ” City in the tribal territory of Dan (Joshua 19:44 ) but assigned to the Levites (Joshua 21:23 )
Micah - Leader of a family of Levites in David's time (1 Chronicles 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 24:24-25 )
Rehob - Elsewhere, Rehob in Asher is assigned to the Levites (Joshua 21:31 ; 1 Chronicles 6:75 )
Council - Josephus states that each court consisted of seven judges, with two Levites as assessors
Mahanaim - a city of the Levites, of the family of Merari, in the tribe of Gad, upon the brook Jabbok, Joshua 21:38 ; Joshua 13:26
Harp - David danced when he played on the harp: the Levites did the same
Obed-Edom - Obed-Edom is called the Gittite, probably because he was of Gathrimmon, a city of the Levites beyond Jordan, Joshua 21:24-25
Ahijah - One of the Levites
Leviticus - Leviticus (le-vĭt'i-kŭs), relating to the Levites
e'Than - " With Heman and Asaph, the heads of the other two families of Levites, Ethan was appointed to sound with cymbals
Matithi'ah - ...
One of the Levites appointed by David to minister before the ark in the musical service, (1 Chronicles 16:5 ) "with harps upon Sheminith," comp
Jahaz - It was situated in the tribe of Reuben, and was assigned to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 13:18 ; 21:36 )
Kedesh - Of Issachar, assigned to the Gershonite Levites (1 Chronicles 6:72); Kishon in Joshua 21:28 probably the better reading. Kedesh Naphtali, or Kedesh in Galilee (Joshua 19:37), a Levitical city of refuge assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 20:7)
Eleazar - Eleazar was in overall charge of the Levites (Numbers 3:32). Within the division of the Levites according to their three family groups, Eleazar seems to have had responsibility for the Kohath group (which had the higher duties; Numbers 4:15-16), and Ithamar had responsibility for the other two groups (Numbers 4:28; Numbers 4:33)
Hallel - ” The singing of psalms of praise was a special duty of the Levites (2 Chronicles 7:6 ; Ezra 3:11 )
Gemariah -
The son of Shaphan, and one of the Levites of the temple in the time of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 36:10 ; 2 Kings 22:12 )
en-Gannim - Town in tribal territory of Issachar designated as city for Levites (Joshua 19:21 ; Joshua 21:29 )
Hashabiah - Called "ruler of the Levites, son of Kemuel" (1 Chronicles 27:17)
Azmaveth - Levites on the Temple staff as singers lived there
Jerimoth - One of the Levites who had charge of the dedicated things in the time of Hezekiah
Iddo - Chief at Casiphia, to whom Ezra sent for Levites
Akkub - They were Levites (Nehemiah 12:25 )
Hymn - The Jewish hymns were accompanied with trumpets, drums, and cymbals, to assist the voices of the Levites and people
Ramoth - It belonged to Gad, was assigned to the Levites, and became one of the cities of refuge beyond Jordan, Deuteronomy 4:43 Joshua 20:8 21:38
Jaazer - It was allotted to the Merarite Levites (21:39)
Ajalon or Aijalon - A town in the tribe of Dan, assigned to the Levites, sons of Kohath, Joshua 21:24
Meshullam - ...
...
One of the leading Levites in the time of (Ezra 8:16 )
Elnathan - Three men of the same name plus a “Nathan” are listed in Ezra 8:16 as part of the delegation Ezra sent to search for Levites to return from Babylon to Jerusalem with him
Jarmuth - A city in Issachar, allotted to the Gershonite Levites ( Joshua 21:29 , LXX Zebadiah - One of nine Levites sent by Jehoshapaht to teach the law in the towns of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Michaiah - Prince of Judah sent with priests and Levites to teach the people the law
Bezer - or Bozra, or Bostra, a city beyond Jordan, given by Moses to Reuben: this town was designed by Joshua to be a city of refuge; it was given to the Levites of Gershom's family, Deuteronomy 4:43
Booty - And out of the other moiety, belonging to the children of Israel, they were to give for every fifty men, oxen, asses, sheep, &c, one to the Levites
Rimmon - A city of Zebulun, assigned to the Levites, Joshua 19:13 ; perhaps the same as Rimmono, 1 Chronicles 6:77 , which may be traced in the modern village Rimmaneh, northwest of mount Tabor
Iddo - Person with authority in the exilic community during the Persian period to whom Ezra sent messengers to secure Levites to join him in the return to Jerusalem (Ezra 8:17 ). He apparently sent the needed Levites (Ezra 8:19-20 )
Harim - The name is found also among ‘the priests and Levites that went up with Zerubbabel’ ( Nehemiah 12:3 , where it is miswritten Rehum ); among the heads of priestly families in the days of Joiakim ( Nehemiah 12:15 ); and as the third of the 24 courses ( 1 Chronicles 24:8 )
en-Gannim - ...
...
A city on the border of Machar (Joshua 19:21 ), allotted to the Gershonite Levites (21:29)
Ebal - On this mountain six of the tribes (Deuteronomy 27:12,13 ) were appointed to take their stand and respond according to a prescribed form to the imprecations uttered in the valley, where the law was read by the Levites (11:29; 29:4,13)
Nethanel - A chief of the Levites under Josiah ( 2 Chronicles 35:9 [1])
Jahaz - Jahaza was assigned to Reuben, then to the Merarite Levites (1 Chronicles 6:78; Joshua 21:36)
Israel - The name Israel is also used to denote laymen, as distinguished from priests, Levites, and other ministers
Amariah - One of the Levites in the time of Hezekiah
is'Rael - The name Israel is also used to denote lay-men, as distinguished from priests, Levites and other ministers
Ramoth - It was assigned for a dwelling of the Levites, and was one of the cities of refuge beyond Jordan, Joshua 20:8 ; Joshua 21:38
Porters - The porters of the temple were Levites, at one period four thousand in number, divided into courses, 1 Chronicles 16:42 23:5
Hair - Lepers when cleansed, and Levites, on their consecration, shaved the whole body, Leviticus 13:1-59 14:8,9
as'Ahel - ) ...
One of the Levites in the reign of Jehoshaphat, who went throughout the cities of Judah to instruct the people in the knowledge of the law
Tithe - The proceeds of this tax were devoted to the maintenance of the Levites in their respective cities, Numbers 18:21-24 . The Levites paid a tenth part of what they received to the priests, Numbers 18:26-28 . The second tithe required of each landholder was one-tenth of the nine parts of his produce remaining after the first tithe, to be expended at the tabernacle or temple in entertaining the Levites, his own family, etc
Maaseiah -
One of the Levites whom David appointed as porter for the ark (1 Chronicles 15:18,20 )
Gath-Rimmon - Town in tribal territory of Dan (Joshua 19:45 ) and set aside for Levites (Joshua 21:24 )
Portion - The Levites did not receive tribal territory with the other tribes but had the Lord for their special portion (Numbers 18:20 )
Uzzi - A Levite, son of Bani, overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:22)
Mattaniah - Member of the Asaphite subclan of Levites who participated in Hezekiah's reforms (2 Chronicles 29:13 )
Laver - Levites also used water from this laver to purify themselves (Numbers 8:7 )
Kohath, Kohathites - See Levites
Mer'Ari, Mer'Arites - (bitter, unhappy ), third son of Levi and head of the third great division of the Levites, the Merarites
Bethshemesh - It is here to be observed that it was solemnly enjoined, Numbers 4:20 , that not only the common people but that even the Levites themselves should not dare to look into the ark, upon pain of death
Jazer - Joshua assigned it to the Levites (Joshua 21:39 )
Jerahmeel - In a list of Levites ( 1 Chronicles 24:20-31 ) drawn up considerably later than that in 1 Chronicles 23:6 ff. There must at the time have been a division of Levites called after him, and not, as previously, after Kish
Korah - There were gathered to them two hundred and fifty princes of the congregation who were Levites. Their complaint against Moses is different from that of the Levites, and insinuated that Moses aimed at being a prince over them
Porters of the Temple - The Levites discharged the office of porters of the temple both day and night, and had the care both of the treasure and offerings. "They waited at every gate; and were not permitted to depart from their service," 2 Chronicles 35:15 ; and they attended by turns in their courses, as the other Levites did, 2 Chronicles 8:14
Tithes - Those given to the Levites: they embraced a tenth of all produce. Again a tenth of the tithe given to the Levites was a portion for the priests. On coming into the land a second tenth of all produce was to be taken to Jerusalem, or, if the distance was too great, it could be turned into money, and when the offerer arrived at Jerusalem he could purchase any thing that he desired, which was to be eaten there by himself, his children, his servants, and any Levites that might be there at the time. Tobit 1:7,8 ), or, what is more probable, a variation was made in that year respecting the second tenth: it was not to be carried to Jerusalem, but to be laid up 'within the gates,' and there shared by "the Levites
Mahanaim - It was assigned to the Levites, Joshua 13:26; Joshua 13:30; Joshua 21:38; 1 Chronicles 6:80, and lay within the territory of Gad, north of the torrent Jabbok
Eliel - An overseer of Temple offerings among the Levites (2 Chronicles 31:13 ) under King Hezekiah (715-686 B
Doorkeeper - Some Levites were designated doorkeepers (or “gatekeepers”) for the ark (1 Chronicles 15:23-24 )
Libnah - It was given to the Levites ( Joshua 21:18 , 1 Chronicles 6:67 )
Golan - A city of Bashan (Deuteronomy 4:43), allotted out of Manasseh to the Levites; one of the three cities of refuge E
Abdon - A city from the tribe of Asher given the Levites (Joshua 21:30 ; 1 Chronicles 6:74 )
Levi - See Levites
o'Phel - (Nehemiah 3:27 ) It was evidently the residence of the Levites
Ranges - " The Levites were appointed to guard the king's person within the temple (2 Chronicles 23:7 ), while the soldiers were his guard in the court, and in going from the temple to the palace
Degrees, Song of - Others have suggested that “ascents” is a reference to the rising melody of the psalms, the step-like poetic form of some of the psalms, or to the steps upon which the Levites performed music in the Temple
Eleazar - 13th century BCE) Third son of Aaron, overseer of the Levites� dismantling and reconstruction of the Tabernacle during the Israelites� desert journeys
Hallel - The Levites, standing before the altar, chanted it verse by verse, the people responding by repeating the verses or by intoned hallelujahs
Hymn - The Jewish hymns were accompanied with trumpets, drums, and cymbals, to assist the voices of the Levites and the people
Hanan - One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in reading and explaining the Law to the people ( Nehemiah 8:7 ; in 1Es 9:48 Ananias ); probably the same as the signatory to the covenant ( Nehemiah 10:10 )
Jehiel - A chief of the Levites ( 1 Chronicles 23:8 ; 1 Chronicles 29:8 )
Gershon, Gershonites - At the numbering of the Israelites in the wilderness there were 7,500 Gershonites as a branch of the Levites
Gibeon - Near it Joshua commanded the sun to stand still, Joshua 10:12-13; Isaiah 28:21; the city was given to Benjamin and to the Levites, Joshua 18:25; Joshua 21:17; it was the scene of a notable battle, 2 Samuel 2:12-24; 2 Samuel 20:8-10; of the hanging of seven of Saul's sons, 2 Samuel 21:1-6; the tabernacle was set up at Gibeon, 1 Chronicles 16:39; and Solomon offered great sacrifices there, 1 Kings 3:4-5; 1 Kings 9:2; 2 Chronicles 1:3; 2 Chronicles 1:13; Jehoram recovered captives at Gibeon, Jeremiah 41:12-16; its people helped to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem after the captivity, Nehemiah 3:7; Nehemiah 7:25; Ezra 2:20, margin
Levi - His three sons, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari were heads of the three branches of the Levites, q
Treasure - The treasures of the house of God, whether in silver, corn, wine, or oil, were under the care of the Levites
Jeduthun - See Priests and Levites; Music; Psalms
Parbar - , where two Levites were stationed ( 1 Chronicles 26:18 )
Jirjatha'im - " ...
A town in Naphtali not mentioned in the original list of the possession allotted to the tribe, see (Joshua 19:32-39 ) but inserted in the list of cities given to the Gershonite Levites in (1 Chronicles 6:76 ) in place of KARTAN in the parallel catalogue, Kartan being probably only a contraction thereof
Census - This census excluded the Levites, separating them for service in the tabernacle (Numbers 1:1 ). Another census was taken in Moab at the end of the wilderness wanderings, again excluding the Levites
Deuteronomy - " Then follow the several curses to be pronounced by the Levites on Ebal, (27:14-26) and the blessings on Gerizim. (28:1-14) ...
The delivery of the law as written by Moses (for its still further preservation) to the custody of the Levites, and a charge to the people to hear it read once every seven years, Deuteronomy 31 ; the Song of Moses spoken in the ears of the people, (31:30; 32:44) and the blessing of the twelve tribes
Census - The Levites from a month old were 22,000. These were taken for the tabernacle service as a redemption for the first-born of Israel whom God claimed; but of the latter there were 273 more than of the Levites, therefore the 273 were redeemed at 5 shekels each. The Levites numbered 23,000
Aaron - God rewarded them by promising that in the new religious order, the Levites would be his chosen religious servants (Exodus 32:26-29). In the generations to follow, although all Levites were to be religious officials, only those of the family of Aaron could be priests (Numbers 3:3-10; see LEVITE; PRIEST). ...
Just as Aaron had been jealous of Moses’ position as supreme leader, so other Levites grew jealous of Aaron’s position as high priest (Numbers 16:1-11)
Watch - ...
Mishmereth often is used to represent a more abstract idea than mishmâr, whereas mishmâr means the units of Levites who served the Lord (perhaps with the exception of Levites in the tent of meeting. The Levites were to “keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony” ( Levites over 50 to serve in extraordinary circumstances, to keep an obligation
Priests And Levites - PRIESTS AND Levites . The priests were supported ( a ) partly by the tithe of the tithe which they received from the Levites ( Numbers 18:26 ); ( b ) partly by the first-fruits and firstlings, including the redemption money for men and unclean beasts ( Numbers 18:12-18 , Leviticus 7:30-34 ); ( c ) partly by sacrificial dues of various kinds. Levites...
1. The Levites were also dedicated to their work by special ceremonies. The ceremonies signified the solemn offering up of the Levites to God as a wave-offering ( Numbers 8:13 ; Numbers 8:15 b). Probably it was twice reduced because of the increasing difficulty in procuring Levites to do the work. The Levites were said to have been given as a gift ( nĕthûnîm ) to Aaron and his sons. The Levites were supported from the tithe, which was in the first instance paid to them ( Numbers 18:21-24 ). According to Numbers 35:1-8 , there were assigned to the Levites in different parts of Palestine 48 cities with suburbs and surrounding pasture land to about 500 yards distance. No trace of any such arrangement is to be found in Ezekiel’s ideal sanctuary, according to which the priests and Levites have their possessions in the ‘oblation’ or sacred ground, which included the sanctuary ( Ezekiel 48:9-14 ). ]'>[1] appears to be in direct contradiction to the oft-repeated statement that the Levites had no portion in the land because Jahweh was their portion ( Deuteronomy 10:9 , Numbers 18:20 ; Numbers 26:62 etc. ]'>[1] were many of them ancient sanctuaries, where priests and Levites would have been located in early times. ]'>[1] ’s theory of the origin of the hierarchy was as follows: The Levites were one of the 12 tribes of Israel, descended from Levi , one of Jacob’s sons. The rest of the made descendants of Levi were Levites, divided into the three great families of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. There is nothing in the Books of Samuel which affords a sufficient reason for connecting the priesthood of this period directly with a tribe of Levi, the mention of the ‘Levites’ in 1 Samuel 6:16 and 2 Samuel 15:24 being clearly a very late interpolation which assumes the liturgical arrangements of P Hanan - Man Nehemiah appointed as assistant Temple treasurer to receive and disperse tithes brought to care for the Levites (Nehemiah 13:13 )
Taanach - It was allotted to the Levites of the children of Kohath ( Joshua 21:25 )
First-Born, Redemption of - But when the extensive plan of sacrificial worship was introduced, requiring a company of men to be exclusively devoted to this ministry, the primitive office of the first-born was superseded by that of the Levites (Numbers 3:11-13 ), and it was ordained that the first-born of man and of unclean animals should henceforth be redeemed (18:15)
Hilkiah - To him and his deputy (2 Kings 23:5 ), along with the ordinary priests and the Levites who had charge of the gates, was entrusted the purification of the temple in Jerusalem
Jarmuth - A city of the Levites in the tribal territory of Issachar (Joshua 21:29 ; compare Joshua 19:21 ; 1 Chronicles 6:58 , both spelled differently and differing from 1
Meshullam - ) to Iddo to gather Levites to join the caravan returning to Jerusalem
Cornet - ...
The beginning of the civil new year was thus ushered in with joyful thanksgivings for the mercies of the old year, the Levites chanting Psalm 81
Music - Of the 38,000 Levites, "four thousand praised the Lord with the instruments
Iddo - Loddeus ) the chief at Casiphia, who provided Ezra with Levites and Nethinim
uz'zi - (1 Chronicles 9:8 ) ...
A Levite, son of Bani and overseer of the Levites dwelling at Jerusalem, in the time of Nehemiah
Libnah - Joshua allotted it to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:42 ) and separated it as a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:13 )
Ophel - Here was the "great tower" (Eder? Hebrew Micah 4:8) and the Levites' residence
Zebadiah - Zebadiah probably acted for the king, Amariah the high priest for the priesthood and ecclesiastical interests in the court consisting of priests, Levites, and chief men, over which they jointly presided, and which decided all causes civil and ecclesiastical
Anathoth - A chief that is a family or clan leader, who along with 84 other priests, Levites, and leaders signed a covenant that the Israelites would obey the law of God given through Moses (Nehemiah 10:19 )
le'vi - (Genesis 49:5-7 ) [2] ...
Two of the ancestors of Jesus
je-i'el - (2 Chronicles 29:13 ) ...
One of the chiefs of the Levites in the time of Josiah
Cubit - Moses assigns to the Levites a thousand sacred cubits of land round about their cities, Numbers 35:4 ; and in the next verse he gives them two thousand common ones
Ajalon - A town in the tribe of Dan, assigned to the Levites, sons of Kohath, Joshua 19:42; Joshua 21:24; Judges 1:35, and a city of refuge
Nethinim - Given, or consecrated, a term first applied to the Levites, Numbers 8:19 ; but after the settlement in Canaan, to servants dedicated to the service of the tabernacle and temple, to perform the most laborious offices, as carrying of wood and water
ha'Nan - ...
One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in his public exposition of the law
Encampment - (Numbers 1:52 ; 2:2 ) In the centre, round the tabernacle, and with no standard but the cloudy or fiery pillar which rested over it, were the tents of the priests and Levites
Priests - Priests were supported by offerings and Levites by tithes (Numbers 18:20-24 ). See Levites ; High Priest ; Aaron
Firstfruits - ...
Those offerings are also often called firstfruits, which were brought by the Israelites from devotion, to the temple, for the feast of thanksgiving, to which they invited their relations and friends, and the Levites of their cities. The firstfruits and tenths were the most considerable revenue of the priests and Levites
Laying on of Hands - When Israel’s tribal leaders, acting on behalf of the whole nation, laid their hands on the heads of the Levites, they symbolized that the Levites were their representatives in the service of God (Numbers 8:10-11)
Jehoiada - ...
These summoned the Levites and heads of families throughout Judah, probably under pretext of a festal celebration. Some of the royal "guard," on whom the captains could rely, were with the Levites (2 Chronicles 23:12; 2 Kings 11:13). 2 Kings emphasizes the part performed by the royal body guard; 2 Chronicles that performed by the Levites: there is no irreconcilable discrepancy. The guard and people kept to the courts, none but the priests and consecrated Levites entered the holy place (2 Chronicles 23:6). The captains over hundreds (2 Kings 11:9) answer to "all Judah," namely, "chiefs of the fathers" (2 Chronicles 23:2; 2 Chronicles 23:8), with "the Levites. ...
When, in the 23rd year of Jonah's reign, the temple was still not repaired, through the Levites' and priests' dilatoriness, he took the money and the repairs out of their hands; "the priests consented to receive no more money of the people (i. his jealous care, amidst the irregularities of a revolution, that none should "come into Jehovah's house save the priests and ministering Levites," also that Athaliah should be thrust forth outside "the ranges," and not be slain "in the house of Jehovah," 2 Chronicles 23:6; 2 Chronicles 23:14), and zeal for the Lord's honour and the purity of His worship, were conspicuous in Jehoiada
Hodaviah - A clan of Levites who returned to Judah under Zerubbabel about 537 B
Nehemias - Among these were marriages with Samaritans and heathens, and failure to support the Levites by tithes
Nehemiah - Among these were marriages with Samaritans and heathens, and failure to support the Levites by tithes
Shemaiah - ...
...
One of the Levites whom Jehoshaphat appointed to teach the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Nadab - Probably the neighbouring Philistines had seized Gibbethon when the Levites generally left it, to escape from Jeroboam's apostasy to Judah
Jahaz - It became part of the tribal territory of Reuben ( Joshua 13:18 ) and a city of the Levites (Joshua 21:36 ; compare 1 Chronicles 6:78 )
Obed-Edom - A guild of Levites may have adopted the name “Obed-edom” as their title as keepers of the ark
Asahel - Asahel was sent out along with several princes, other Levites, and priests to teach the people of Judah the book of the law of God (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Jeshua, Jeshuah - Son of Kadmiel, and a chief of the Levites
Mahanaim - It fell to the lot of Gad, and a city was built there which was given to the Levites
Bishop - The original word means "overseer," such as Joseph was in Potiphar's house, Genesis 39:4, or as the 3600 men were in Solomon's temple, 2 Chronicles 2:18, or as Uzzi was of the Levites, Nehemiah 11:22
Court - ) The great courts belonging to the temple of Jerusalem were three; the first called the court of the Gentiles, because the Gentiles were allowed to enter so far, and no farther; the second was the court of Israel, because all the Israelites, provided they were purified, had a right of admission into it; the third was that of the priests, where the altar of burnt-offerings stood, where the priests and Levites exercised their ministry
Degrees - The Jews believe that they were sung by the Levites on the fifteen steps which separated the men's court from the women's in the temple
Porter - onwards), where they had charge of the various gates (see Temple, § 6 , Priests and Levites, § iii
ko'Rah - (Numbers 16 ; 26:9-11 ) The particular grievance which rankled in the mind of Korah and his company was their exclusion from the office of the priesthood, and their being confined --those among them who were Levites-- to the inferior service of the tabernacle
Elie'Zar - ) ...
A chief Israelite whom Ezra sent with others from Ahava to Cesiphia, to induce some Levites and Nethinim to accompany him to Jerusalem
Tithes - According to Numbers 18:21-24 the Levites were to receive this in lieu of the inheritance of land which fell to all the other tribes; but they received the tithe on behalf of Jahweh; stress is laid on this point in Numbers 18:24 : ‘For the tithe of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave-offering unto the Lord, I have given to the Levites for an inheritance’; the ‘heaving’ of an offering towards the altar was the substitute for the actual consuming of it upon the altar
Uzzah - God's law (Numbers 4; Ezekiel 25:14) had ordained that the ark was to be carried on the Levites' shoulders, not in a carriage. ...
Even the Levites (Ezekiel 25:15) were not to touch it, on pain of death
Azariah - 2 Chronicles 29:12 , two Levites, a Kohathite and a Merarite. Nehemiah 8:7 ( Azarias , 1Es 9:48 ), one of those who helped the Levites to ‘cause the people to understand the law
Levit'Icus - The third book in the Pentateuch is called Leviticus because it relates principally to the Levites and priests and their services
Courses - ...
The rest of the 38,000 Levites (23:4) were divided also into twenty-four courses, each to render some allotted service in public worship: 4,000 in twenty-four courses were set apart as singers and musicians under separate leaders (25); 4,000 as porters or keepers of the doors and gates of the sanctuary (26:1-19); and 6,000 as officers and judges to see to the administration of the law in all civil and ecclesiastical matters (20-32)
Kedesh - It was assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Joshua 21:32 )
Azariah - ...
...
Several other priests and Levites of this name are mentioned (1 Chronicles 6:36 ; Ezra 7:1 ; 1 Chronicles 9:11 ; Nehemiah 3:23 , etc
Bani - His son Uzzi was overseer of the Levites (Nehemiah 12:22 )
Meshullam - A chief among the Levites
Tithes - One-tenth of this produce went to the use of the Levites, who had no part in the soil, and of course were dependent on their brethren for the means of subsistence
Jesh'ua - ) ...
One of the Levites in the reign of Hezekiah
Jesh'ua - ) ...
One of the Levites in the reign of Hezekiah
Nethan'e-el - ) ...
A chief of the Levites in the reign of Josiah
Poor - (Leviticus 25:39-42,47-54 ; 15:12-15) ...
Portions from the tithes to be shared by the poor after the Levites
Ezra - " By the king's leave, in the seventh year of his reign, he took to Jerusalem 1,754 persons, including Israelites, priests, Levites, singers, porters, and Nethinim (Ezra 7:7; Ezra 8). " He committed for safety the charge of the gold and silver to 12 priests and 12 Levites (Ezra 8:24 translated "I separated 12 of the chief priests in addition to Sherebiah, Hashabiah, and ten of their brethren with them": compare Ezra 8:18-19). These delivered them up "to the chief of the priests, Levites. " In six months after his arrival he effected the purification of the holy nation from foreign admixture by causing 17 priests, 10 Levites, and 86 of other tribes, to put away alien wives
Priest - They stood between the high priest on the one hand and the Levites on the other. [1] The ceremony of their consecration is described in HIGH PRIEST - 1986 ( Exodus 29:1 ; Leviticus 8:1 ) . (Leviticus 10:11 ; 33:10; 2 Chronicles 15:3 ; Ezekiel 44:23,24 ) During the journeys in the wilderness it belonged to them to cover the ark and all the vessels of the sanctuary with a purple or scarlet cloth before the Levites might approach them. (Numbers 10:1-8 ) Other instruments of music might be used by the more highly-trained Levites and the schools of the prophets, but the trumpets belonged only to the priests, The presence of the priests on the held of battle, (1 Chronicles 12:23,27 ; 2 Chronicles 20:21,22 ) led, in the later periods of Jewish history, to the special appointment at such times of a war priest. --This consisted --
Of one tenth of the tithes which the people paid to the Levites, i
Chronicles, Books of - ...
The Levites are of particular interest to the Chronicler. After tracing the origins of Israel (1:1-54), the genealogies deal with the tribes of Judah and Simeon (2:1-4:43), the two and a half eastern tribes (5:1-26), the Levites (6:1-81), and the remaining tribes (7:1-8:40). Having encouraged Solomon for this task (22:2-19), David made detailed arrangements concerning the functioning of the priests and Levites (23:1-26:32). Priests and Levites played an important part in his reform (17:1-20:37). When Jezebel’s Baalism spread from the north into Judah (21:1-23:21), priests and Levites were again leaders in the reform that got rid of it, the king on this occasion being Joash (24:1-27)
Suburb - , is to be provided with a square tract of land measuring 2000 cubits roughly 1000 yards each way, which is to serve the Levites as a common pasture ground ‘for their cattle and for their substance and for all their beasts’ (v
Minister - The priests and Levites, "ministers of our God" (Isaiah 61:6)
Eliab - One of the musicians who were appointed by the Levites, at David’s command, to accompany the procession which was formed on the occasion of bringing the ark from the house of Obededom up to Jerusalem ( 1 Chronicles 15:18 )
Alleluia - As the full choir of Levites in the temple service took up the Alleluia, so in heaven the multitude in mighty chorus respond Alleluia to the voice from the throne, "Praise our God, all ye His servants," etc
Captain - This word is literally 'the leader of an army;' it is also applied to magistrates, Acts 16:20 , but the captain of the temple was set not over the soldiers, but over the priests and Levites: cf
Spices - Certain Levites especially "oversaw the frankincense and spices" (1 Chronicles 9:29-30)
Rechabites - The Rabbis interpret this to signify that they should minister in the sanctuary, and say they became united to the Levites; but we find nothing of this in scripture
Captain - The captain of the temple, Luke 22:4; Acts 4:1; Acts 5:24, was not a military man, but the chief of the priests and Levites that watched in the temple at night
Joha'Nan - (Ezra 8:12 ) ...
The son of Eliashib, one of the chief Levites
Mattani'ah - ...
A Levite, father of Zaccur and ancestor of Hanan the under-treasurer who had charge of the offerings for the Levites in the time of Nehemiah
Hashabi'ah - ) ...
One of the Levites who sealed the covenant of reformation after the return from the captivity
Minister - Psal 104:4 (3) To the priests and Levites
Eleazar - He succeeded as chief of the Levites on the death of Nadab and Abihu, and on the death of his father became high priest
Redemption - ' God having smitten the firstborn of the Egyptians, claimed all the firstborn of Israel, and received the Levites instead of them; but there not being an equivalent number of the Levites, the residue of the firstborn were redeemed by money: they were thus set free
Sanctification - The firstborn were further sanctified to God, to be redeemed by the Levites. The priests and Levites were sanctified to the service of God. ...
The priests, Levites, and people were often called upon to sanctify themselves, to be ceremonially fit to approach God and His sanctuary
Numbers, Book of - There were twelve tribes besides the Levites, who were reserved for the service of the tent of testimony, and would be located round the court. ...
Numbers 3 : The Levites were to be offered to God in lieu of the firstborn, all of whom God took to Himself when He smote the firstborn of the Egyptians. As the number of the firstborn exceeded that of the Levites, the residue were redeemed: a type of the saints looked at as firstborn ones, and as redeemed, being wholly claimed as God's, and given to Aaron (that is to Christ), to serve in God's house, over which He is set as Lord. The Levites were arranged by their families, and the service of each was definitely assigned. ) The offering up of the Levites as a sacrifice (cf. It was the assumption of the priesthood by the Levites and rebellion against the anointing of God. ...
By the budding of Aaron's rod God bore witness as to whom He had chosen for the priesthood, and He gave instructions as to the responsibility and the portions of the priests and Levites; the people were not to draw nigh the tabernacle. See AARONIC PRIESTHOOD, and Levites. Details follow as to the borders of the promised land; the forty-eight cities for the Levites; and the cities of refuge
East Gate - Levites in charge of the East Gate of Solomon's Temple had responsibility for the free-will offerings (2 Chronicles 31:14 )
Heman - ...
The sons were each the head of one of the 25 wards of Levites, "instructed in the songs of the Lord
Obadiah - He joined other priests along with princes and Levites in putting his seal upon the covenant (Nehemiah 9:38 ) made between the people and God (Nehemiah 10:5 )
Asaph - At first the Asaphites alone seemed to have formed the Temple choir, and in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (wherever we have the memoirs of the latter in their original form) they are not yet reckoned among the Levites
Geba - frontier ( Joshua 18:24 ), assigned to the Levites ( Joshua 21:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:60 )
Tabernacles Feast of - In later times, the priests went every morning during the festival, and drew water from the fountain of Siloam, and poured it out to the southwest of the altar, the Levites, in the meanwhile, playing on instruments of music, and singing the Psalms 113:1-9; Psalms 114:1-8; Psalms 115:1-18; Psalms 116:1-19; Psalms 117:1-2; Psalms 118:1-29
Elea'Zar - After the death of Nadab and Abihu without children, (Leviticus 10:6 ; Numbers 3:4 ) Eleazar was appointed chief over the principal Levites
Merari, Merarites - The third son of Levi, to whom a division of the Levites traced their descent ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Numbers 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1Ch 6:16 ; 1 Chronicles 23:6 . David divided the Levites into courses ‘according to the sons of Levi’ ( 1 Chronicles 23:8 ; Merarites, 1 Chronicles 23:21-24 ; 1 Chronicles 23:26-30 ), and particular offices of certain Merarites are detailed in 1 Chronicles 26:10-13 ; 1 Chronicles 26:16-18
Gibeon - We see in Ezra 8:20 ; Ezra 2:58 ; 1 Kings 9:20-21 , that David, Solomon, and the princes of Judah, gave many such to the Lord; these Nethinim being carried into captivity with Judah and the Levites, many of them returned with Ezra, Zerubbabel, and Nehemiah, and continued, as before, in the service of the temple, under the priests and Levites
Ramoth-Gilead, Ramoth in Gilead - Ramah, 5 ), was one of the cities of refuge ( Deuteronomy 4:43 , Joshua 20:8 ), assigned to the Merarite Levites of Gad ( Joshua 21:38 , 1 Chronicles 6:80 )
Property - The “inheritable property” of the Levites was not fields but the Lord Himself ( Nehemiah, Book of - ...
Increase of the inhabitants of Jerusalem; the census of the adult male population, and names of the chiefs, together with lists of priests and Levites ((11-12:1-26)
Bashan - The territory was given to the half-tribe of Manasseh, with a reservation of two cities, Golan and Be-eshterah (Ashtaroth in 1 Chronicles 6:71 ), for the Gershonite Levites ( Joshua 21:27 )
Jehoshaphat - At first he strengthened himself against Israel, but soon afterward formed an alliance with Israel Jehoshaphat tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burned incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in religion
Sisera - Canaanite captives were dedicated to help the Levites in the heavier work of the temple
Eleazar - After the death of his brothers Nadab and Abihu, he was placed at the head of the Levites, Numbers 3:32, and subsequently succeeded his father as high priest
Captain - ...
2: στρατηγός (Strong's #4755 — Noun Masculine — strategos — strat-ay-gos' ) originally the commander of an army (from stratos, "an army," and ago, "to lead"), came to denote "a civil commander, a governor" (Latin, duumvir), the highest magistrate, or any civil officer in chief command, Acts 16:20,22,35,36,38 ; also the "chief captain" of the Temple, himself a Levite, having command of the Levites who kept guard in and around the Temple, Luke 22:4,52 ; Acts 4:1 ; 5:24,26
Appoint - Four examples can be noted: (1) the consecration of Aaron and his sons ( Exodus 28-29 ); (2) the appointment of Levites as servants of God (Numbers 3-8 ); (3) the naming of seventy elders to assist Moses (Numbers 11,24-25 ); and (4) the commissioning of Moses' successor (Numbers 27 ). ...
Of primary significance is the ordination of Aaron and the Levites
Obed Edom - Instead of the Levites bearing the ark (as was commanded, Numbers 7:9), David had put it in a cart, in the Philistine fashion (1 Samuel 6:8). ...
Accordingly, in 1 Chronicles 15 we find the ark was no longer taken in a cart, but borne on the Levites' shoulders, with Obed Edom "a doorkeeper for the ark," and it is emphatically said it was "as Moses commanded, according to the word of Jehovah" (1 Chronicles 15:15; 1 Chronicles 15:18; 1 Chronicles 15:24)
Gershon, Gershonites - The name Gershon is given to the eldest son of Levi, to whom a division of the Levites traced their descent ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Numbers 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1 Chronicles 6:16 [1] 1 Chronicles 23:6 ). David divided the Levites into courses ‘according to the sons of Levi’ ( 1 Chronicles 23:6 ; Gershonites, 1 Chronicles 23:7-11 ); and particular offices of Gershonites are stated in 1 Chronicles 26:21 f
Levi - The third son of Jacob and Leah—from whence sprung the Levites. The name of Levi, it should seem to have meant, one that is tied, perhaps in reference to the office afterwards to be attached to the Levites. (Deuteronomy 10:8-9)...
The services of the Levites, seem to have been a constant, ministration in the temple
Mahanaim - It was the southern boundary of Bashan (Joshua 13:26,30 ), and became a city of the Levites (21:38)
Jozabad - He helped give Levites animals to sacrifice at Passover (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Eliezer - One whom Ezra sent to fetch Levites to accompany him to Jerusalem
Booty - Indeed by the law (Numbers 31:26-47) booty was to be shared equally between the army engaged and Israel; only that of the former half only one 500th part was appropriated to the priests of God, of the latter one 50th to the Levites
Beth-Horon - The city belonged to Ephraim but was set aside for the Levites (Joshua 21:22 )
Thanksgiving - David employed Levites “to invoke, to thank, and to praise the Lord” (1 Chronicles 16:4 ; also 1 Chronicles 23:30 ; Nehemiah 12:46 )
Meshullam - One of the ‘chief men’ whose services were enlisted by Ezra to procure Levites ( Ezra 8:16 ); called in 1Es 8:44 Mosollamus
Baptist - " (Matthew 11:11) Now attend to what this greatest born of women saith, concerning his almighty Master: "The Jews sent priests and Levites to ask John who he was; and he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ
Degrees - Others are of opinion, that they were so denominated, because sung in a gallery, which was in the court of Israel, where the Levites sometimes read the law
Incense - The Levites were not permitted to touch the censers; and Korah, Dathan, and Abiram suffered a terrible punishment for violating this prohibition
Aaron - But the effect of it was that the great majority of ‘Levites,’ i. But by their superiority in culture and social standing they regained their ascendancy, and the country priests were once more reduced, under the ancient title of ‘Levites,’ to an inferior position. Reference must be made to other articles for his consecration, his purely priestly functions, and his relation to the Levites (see articles Priests and Levites, Sacrifice, Tabernacle)
Tithe - ...
Every Jew was required by the Levitical law to pay three tithes of his property (1) one tithe for the Levites; (2) one for the use of the temple and the great feasts; and (3) one for the poor of the land
Eden - ...
...
Son of Joah, and one of the Levites who assisted in reforming the public worship of the sanctuary in the time of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:12 )
Merari - (See Levites
Rehoboam - This was partly because of the good influence of a large number of priests and Levites who had fled from the north to Jerusalem rather than cooperate with Jeroboam’s idolatry (2 Chronicles 11:13-17)
Shimei - Two Levites under Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:14 ; 2 Chronicles 31:12-13 )
Jaazer - Assigned to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:39), but occupied by Hebronites (Kohathites) in David's time (1 Chronicles 26:31)
Maaseiah - One of the Levites interpreting the law which Ezra read (Nehemiah 8:7 ), possibly identical with 17
Eliezer - One of the ‘chief men’ whom Ezra sent to Casiphia to find Levites and Nethinim to join the expedition to Jerusalem ( Ezra 8:16 f
Korah, Dathan, Abiram - , Numbers 16:36-40 ) represents Korah at the head of 250 Levites , opposing, in the interests of the tribe of Levi, the monopoly of the priesthood claimed by Aaron
Ezra - After this we do not again read of him until abouttwelve years later, when he stood upon a pulpit of wood and read to the people the book of the law, and the Levites sought to explain it
Nethinims - We read, Ezra 8:20 , that the Nethinims were slaves devoted by David and the other princes to the ministry of the temple; and elsewhere, that they were slaves given by Solomon; the children of Solomon's servants, Ezra 2:58 ; and we see, in 1 Kings 9:20-21 , that this prince had subdued the remains of the Canaanites, and had constrained them to several servitudes; and, it is very probable, he gave a good number of them to the priests and Levites for the service of the temple
Leviticus - The third book in the Pentateuch; called Leviticus, because it contains principally the laws and regulations relating to the Levites, priests, and sacrifices
Baasha - " Further, in 2 Chronicles 11:13-17 we read, "the priests and Levites in all Israel resorted to Rehoboam out of all their coasts. For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had east them off from executing the priest's office unto the Lord
Ark - ...
The ark disappears from post-Solomonic biblical history except for a passing reference in 2 Chronicles 35:3 , where the Levites are charged by Josiah no longer to carry the ark about. This may be as much a reflection of a postexilic understanding of Josiah (the new David who would correct the behavior of the Levites) as that of the actual ark itself
Levi - ’ Accordingly ‘the Levites are those who attached themselves to the Semites who migrated back from the Delta, therefore, Egyptians’ (Lagarde, Or . This would imply that by this time all Levites were priests. See also Priests and Levites, Tribes of Israel
Nehemiah - His great work was the restoration of the city walls as the first step toward civil government, the revival of the national spirit, and the bringing back of the priests and Levites to reside with a feeling of security for their persons and for the tithes and offerings. ...
The law awakened a sense of sin (Nehemiah 9); so first they put away strangers, as Israel must be a separate people, and read the law a fourth of the day, and another fourth confessed sin and worshipped, the Levites leading; then they made a covenant to walk in God's law, not to intermarry with pagan, to keep the sabbath, and to pay a third of a shekel each for the service of God's temple, to bring the firstfruits and firstborn, and not to "forsake the house of our God," (Nehemiah 10) the princes, Levites, and priests sealing it. Of the census the heads of Judah and Benjamin dwelling at Jerusalem are given, also of priests and Levites there; but merely the names of the villages and towns through the country (Nehemiah 11, compare 1 Chronicles 9). ...
Then the heads of the courses of priests, and the corresponding names at the time of the return from Babylon, with a few particulars of the priests' and Levites' genealogy (Nehemiah 12:1-26). In Nehemiah 12 the high priests are given from the national archives down to Jaddua, and the Levites down to his contemporary Darius the Persian, Codomanus. Firmly he reproved the rulers for breaking their covenant (Nehemiah 10:39 ff), saying "why is the house of God forsaken?" and insisting that the Levites' portions should be given them, for the neglect of this duty had driven the Levites to their country fields
Numbers, Book of - 1 4: ( a ) The census; ( b ) arrangement of the camp; ( c ) functions of the Levites. Numbers 8:5-26 : Dedication of the Levites, and age of their service. ( c ) The Levites are instituted as a class of priests’ servants a conception quite at variance with all earlier representations. Levites to be the priests’ servants, ( p ) Numbers 18:3-32 Peter. Dues to the Levites. 17), and the dues to be paid to the Levites were laid down (ch. , Numbers 17:1-5 ), which represent Korah’s company as Levites , who rebel against the claim of superior sanctity for the family of Aaron
Tithe, Tithing - ...
Tithes were awarded to the Levites for their priestly service because they would not receive land in Canaan (Numbers 18:19-21 ). Numbers, written during the period of wandering, instructs the people to give their tithes to the Levites. Upon return from captivity Nehemiah led another restoration and made sure tithes and offerings were collected (Nehemiah 12:44 ) so the Levites would not have to work in the fields (13:10)
Mahanaim - Mahanaim was in Gad; assigned to the Levites (Joshua 21:38-39)
Canon of Scripture - " Moses directed the Levites, "Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God" (Deuteronomy 31:25-26)
Scribe - Like Ezra (Ezra 7:12 ), the "scribes" were found originally among the priests and Levites
Galilee - Kedesh in Galilee was a city of refuge (Joshua 20:7 ) and a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:32 )
Geba - Geba was given Benjamin (Joshua 18:24 ) but set aside for the Levites (Joshua 21:17 )
Heshbon - Heshbon was rebuilt by Reuben (Numbers 32:37), but assigned to the Levites in connection with Gad (Joshua 21:39)
Loan - See Borrow, Borrowing; Coins ; Ethics in the Bible; Jubilee, Year of; Justice ; Law; Poor, Widows, Orphans, Levites ; Sabbatical Year ; Slavery; Stranger ...
David Nelson Duke...
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Gift - Gifts were sometimes spiritual in orientation: gifts would be given to God (Exodus 28:38 ) or for service by the Levites and priests (Numbers 18:6,9 )
Gezer - Allotted to the Kohathite Levites (Joshua 21:21; 1 Chronicles 6:67)
Bashan - Its principal cities were Ashtaroth (or Beeshterah) given to the Levites, Golan a 'city of refuge,' Edrei, and Salcah on its border
Court - The first was the court of the Gentiles the second, the court of Israel, in which the people worshiped the third was the court of the priests, where the priests and Levites exercised their ministry
Minister, Serve - In the post-exilic temple, the Levites who had earlier “ministered” in idolatry will not be allowed “to serve” as priests but rather as maintenance workers in the temple ( Firstborn - The animals were to be sacrificed, redeemed, or killed, while the male children were redeemed either by being replaced with Levites or by the payment of a redemption price ( Athaliah - In the seventh year, his uncle Jehoiada being determined to place him on the throne of his ancestors, and procure the destruction of Athaliah, he engaged the priests and Levites, and the leading men in all the parts of the kingdom in his interest, and in a public assembly produced him, and made them take an oath of secrecy and fidelity to him
Jeiel - Officer among the Levites who provided them offerings to sacrifice at the Passover under Josiah about 622 B
Phinehas - He succeeded Eleazar as chief priest ( Exodus 6:25 , 1 Chronicles 6:4 ; 1 Chronicles 6:50 , Ezra 7:5 , 1E Esther 8:2 , 2E Esther 1:2 ), and was the superintendent of the Korahite Levites ( 1 Chronicles 9:20 )
Porter - ‘Gate,’ ‘Porter,’ ‘Priests and Levites’ (iv
Priest - Among the Israelites, after their departure from Egypt, the priesthood was confined to one tribe, and it consisted of three orders, the high-priest, priests, and Levites. Ecclesiastical history informs us that, in the second century, some time after the feign of the emperor Adrian, when the Jews, by the second destruction of Jerusalem, were bereaved of all hopes of the restoration of their government to its former lustre, the notion that the ministers of the Christian church succeeded to the character and prerogatives of the Jewish priesthood, was industriously propagated by the Christian doctors; and that, in consequence, the bishops claimed a rank and character similar to that of the Jewish high-priest; the presbyters to that of the priests; and the deacons to that of the Levites
Zerubbabel - To him Cyrus, by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, had committed the precious vessels of the temple to bring to Jerusalem; at the same time he, Zerubbabel, with the chief of the fathers, the priests, and the Levites whose spirit God had raised, led back from Babylon the first caravan, consisting of 42,360 besides servants, etc. In the second year of their coming, in the second month, having by Cyrus' decree timber, (including cedars from Lebanon brought by sea to Joppa,) and stone for the building, and money for the builders (Ezra 6:4), they laid the temple foundations with sounding of trumpets by the priests, and of cymbals by the Levites, and mingled shouts of joy and of noise of weeping in remembrance of the past (Ezra 3:7-13). Zerubbabel also restored the courses of the priests and Levites, and appointed for them, the singers, and the porters, maintenance (Ezra 6:18; Nehemiah 12:47)
Firstborn - ]'>[4] especially as in Numbers 3:12 it is said: ‘Behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the womb among the children of Israel; and the Levites shall be mine’ (cf. 24 seems to point to an amalgamation of the offerings due from the mother for purification, and on behalf of the child for redemption;* Priest - Al the rest of the family of Kohath, even the children of Moses and their descendants remained among the Levites. The high priest also received a tithe from the Levites, Numbers 18:28 . They slew and dressed the public sacrifices, or at least it was done by the Levites under their direction. The priests had thirteen of these cities; the others belonged to the Levites, Joshua 21:10
Jehoshaphat - To remedy the people's ignorance of the book of the law, in the third year of his reign he sent a commission of five princes, nine Levites, and two priests to go through the cities of Judah, teaching them in it; a model for rulers as to national education (Deuteronomy 11:19-21). He also set judges in the several cities, and a supreme court for references and appeals ("controversies") in Jerusalem, made up of Levites, priests, and chief fathers of Israel (the judges in the cities were probably of the same classes). ), David added for the expanding wants of the kingdom 6,000 Levites. The Levites were to be shoterim , "officers" literally, scribes, keeping written accounts; assistants to the judges, transmitting their orders to the people, and superintending the execution of them. The Levites stood up to praise the God of Israel with a loud voice
Deuteronomy, the Book of - But if it was the whole Pentateuch put by the Levites, at Moses' command, in the sides of the ark (Deuteronomy 31:9; Deuteronomy 31:26; 2 Chronicles 34:14), still Deuteronomy was the part that mainly awakened the conscience of king and people (Deuteronomy 12:2-3; Deuteronomy 12:16; Deuteronomy 12:18; Deuteronomy 29:25-27; compare 2 Kings 22:13-17; 2 Kings 22:23). The earlier directions refer to the general and first tithe of all produce, animal and vegetable, for the maintenance of the priests and Levites. ...
The later in Deuteronomy refer to the second and additional tithe on the increase of the field only, and for celebrating the sacred feasts each first and second year in the sanctuary, every third year at home with a feast to the Levites, the stranger, fatherless, and widow; like the love-feasts of New Testament (Deuteronomy 11:5. ...
The different way in which the priests and Levites respectively are regarded in Deuteronomy and in the preceding books (in these "the Levites" ministering to the priests "the sons of Aaron," as the priests minister to God (Numbers 3:5, etc. ), and not mentioned as "blessing" the people, the prerogative of the priests (Numbers 6:23-27, compare Deuteronomy 10:8-9); but in Deuteronomy (Deuteronomy 18:7; Deuteronomy 11:6) the Levites and Aaronite priests not being mutually distinguished, and Korah not being mentioned with Dathan and Abiram in their rebellion) is accounted for by the consideration that Moses in Deuteronomy is addressing the people, and for the time takes no notice of the distinction of orders among ministers, and, similarly referring to the rebellions of the people against God, takes no notice of the minister Korah's share in the rebellion, as not suiting his present purpose. Moses tells us that all the words of this law he wrote and gave to the Levites to be put in the side of the ark at the one time (Deuteronomy 31:9; Deuteronomy 31:22-26
Eleazar - On the death of Nadab and Abihu without children (Leviticus 10:1; Numbers 3:4) Eleazar had the oversight of the chief Levites, who kept the charge of the sanctuary (Numbers 3:32)
Scribes - There was also a subordinate class of scribes, most of whom were Levites
City - ...
Forty-eight cities were assigned to the Levites, of which 13 were for the family of Aaron, nine were in Judah, four were in Benjamin, and six were cities of refuge
Education - The priests' and Levites' duty especially was to teach the people (2 Chronicles 15:3; Leviticus 10:11; Malachi 2:7; Nehemiah 8:2; Nehemiah 8:8-9; Nehemiah 8:13; Jeremiah 18:18)
Abiathar - See Priests ; Levites ; Chief Priest
Alien - Levites, priests not given inheritance, are aliens (Deuteronomy 18:6 )
Chronicles - From the eleventh chapter to the end of the book, we have a history of the reign of David, with a detailed statement of his preparation for the building of the temple, of his regulations respecting the priests and Levites, and his appointment of musicians for the public service of religion
Bishop - Nehemiah speaks of the overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem, Nehemiah 11:22
Alien - Levites, priests not given inheritance, are aliens (Deuteronomy 18:6 )
Sanhedrin - Most of the members of this council were priests or Levites, though men in private stations of life were not excluded
ma-Ase'Iah - (Jeremiah 29:21 ) ...
One of the Levites of the second rank, appointed by David to sound "with psaltries on Alamoth
Incense - This restriction prompted Korah and other Levites to rebel against Moses and Aaron
Levi - ...
Moses and Aaron's faithfulness, the Levites' drawing their swords against their Israelite brethren as God's avengers of the idolatry of the golden calf (Exodus 32:26-29), "slaying every man his brother . (See Levites
Clergy - ...
"When Joshua, " as one observes, "divided the Holy Land by lot among the Israelites, it pleased God to provide for a thirteenth part of them, called Levites, by assigning them a personal estate equivalent to that provision made by real estate, which was allotted to each of the other twelve parts. In conformity to the style of the transaction, the Levites were called God's lot, inheritance, or clergy
Kohath, Kohathites - The three main divisions of Levites bore the names of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, and these are accordingly given as the names of the ‘sons’ of Levi ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Num 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1 Chronicles 6:16 ; 1 Chronicles 23:6 ). David divided the Levites into courses ‘according to the sons of Levi’ ( 1 Chronicles 23:6 ; Kohathites 1 Chronicles 23:12-20 ; 1 Chronicles 24:20-25 ); and particular offices of Kohathites are stated in 1 Chronicles 26:1-9 ; 1Ch 15:8 ; 1 Chronicles 26:17-19 ; 1 Chronicles 26:23-31
Jehoshaphat - In the third year of his reign he sent some of his officers, with priests and Levites, through all the parts of Judah, with the book of the law, to instruct the people. Jehoshaphat repaired this fault by the good regulations, and the good order, which he established in his dominions, both as to civil and religious affairs, by appointing honest and able judges, by regulating the discipline of the priests and Levites, and by enjoining them to perform their duty with punctuality
Lot - The priests and Levites had their cities appointed by lot. Lastly, in the time of David, the four and twenty classes of the priests and Levites were distributed by lot, to determine in what order they should wait in the temple, 1 Chronicles 6:54 ; 1 Chronicles 6:61 ; 1 Chronicles 24:5 ; 1 Chronicles 25:8
Leviticus - Matters relating to the non-priestly Levites are dealt with in the next book, Numbers. He gave the people a sacrificial system by which they could express their relationship with him (Leviticus 1-10); he set out laws to regulate cleanliness and holiness (Leviticus 11-22); he gave details concerning festivals and other special occasions (Leviticus 23-27); and he outlined certain duties, particularly in relation to the Levites (Numbers 1-10)
Priest, Priesthood - , the Levites]'>[2] are to bear the responsibility for offenses against the sanctuary" note the clarification regarding the Levites in Numbers 18:2-6 ; and cf. ...
Initially, the duties of the Levites in assisting the priests focused on such tasks as the transportation of the tabernacle (see, e. The importance of the Levites in the priestly functions of the sanctuary are well illustrated by their involvement in the reforms of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29-31 ) and Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:9 ; 35:10-15 ). ...
On the other hand, although the Levites assisted the priests, it was the priests alone, Aaron and his descendants (no other Levites), who were responsible for dealing directly with the burnt offering altar or anything inside the Holy Place or Holy of Holies (Numbers 18:1 b)
Consecrate - " The firstborn are holy (Numbers 3:13 ), as are the Levites who replace them (Numbers 3:12-13 ), the Nazarites (Numbers 6:8 ; cf. Spanning out from the sanctuary are concentric circles of decreasing holiness the Levites, the twelve tribes, the unclean and the heathen (Gentiles). The sprinkling of the Levites at their induction is also a metaphoric cleansing (cf
Music - David, who had great skill in music, soothed the perturbed spirit of Saul by playing on the harp, 1 Samuel 16:16,23 ; and when he was himself established on the throneseeing that the Levites were not employed, as formerly, in carrying the boards, veils, and vessels of the tabernacle, its abode being fixed at Jerusalem-appointed a great part of them to sing and to play on instruments in the temple, Isaiah 30:29 . These twenty-four Levites, sons of the three great masters of the temple-music, were at the head of twenty-four bands of musicians, which served in the temple by turns. In the temple, and in the ceremonies of religion, female musicians were admitted as well as male; they generally were daughters of the Levites
Jeshua - A clan of Levites in the postexilic community, probably having some connection with the clan of 1
Taxes - The second tax was a tithe, 10 percent of everything the soil produced, collected by the Levites
Bull - It was used in connection with the consecration of the priests (Exodus 29:1-37 ); at the dedication of the altar of the tabernacle (Numbers 7:1 ); for the purification of the Levites (Numbers 8:5-22 ); at the beginning of the month (New Moon [1]); the Feast of Weeks (Numbers 28:26-31 )
Shemaiah - One whom Ezra sent for Levites
Captain - ...
...
The "captain of the temple" mentioned in Acts 4:1,5:24 was not a military officer, but superintendent of the guard of priests and Levites who kept watch in the temple by night
Zechariah - One of the princes of Judah whom Jehoshaphat sent with priests and Levites to teach the people
Birthright - In consequence of this fact—that God had taken the Levites from among the children of Israel, instead of all the first-born, to serve him as priests—the first-born of the other tribes were to be redeemed at a valuation made by the priest, not exceeding five shekels, from serving God in that capacity
za'Dok - When Absalom revolted and David fled from Jerusalem, Zadok and all the Levites bearing the ark accompanied him
Jehosh'Aphat - In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion
Hezekiah - ...
Hezekiah began his reforms by assembling the priests and Levites and telling them plainly that neglect of the temple and its services was the reason for God’s anger with Judah (2 Chronicles 29:1-11). He therefore organized the priests and Levites according to David’s plan, and arranged for their proper financial support through the orderly payment and distribution of the people’s tithes and offerings (2 Chronicles 31:2-19)
Census - There were besides 22,000 male Levites of a month old and upwards (Numbers 3:39). Of the 70 that went down to Egypt, after deducting Jacob, his 12 sons, Dinah, Zerah (Asher's daughter), Levi's three sons, the four grandsons of Judah and Benjamin, and those grandsons of Jacob who died without posterity, there remain at least 41 grandsons of Jacob who founded families, besides the Levites. In Numbers 3:43 all the firstborn males for whom the Levites were accepted as a substitute are stated to be 22,273, which, if it were the suni of the firstborn sons in the entire nation, would require there to be 40 males begotten of each father in each family to make up 608,550 men of 20 years and upward, or a population of more than 1,000,000 males. The number of Levites (Numbers 3:39; Numbers 3:51), Numbers 3:22; Numbers 3:000, does not agree with the numbers assigned to the three families 7,500 + 8,600 + 6,200 = 22,300. But the total is correct; for it is written, the number of the firstborn, 22,273, exceeded that of the Levites by 273
Pentateuch - " In Deuteronomy 17:18-19, the king is required to "write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests, the Levites"; and Deuteronomy 31:9-11, "Moses wrote this law and delivered it unto the priests, the son of Levi," who should "at the end of every seven years read this law before all Israel in their hearing"; and Deuteronomy 31:24," Moses made an end of writing the words of this law in a book," namely, the whole Pentateuch ("the law," Matthew 22:40; Galatians 4:21), "and commanded the Levites . "Eleazar," Aaron's son, succeeds to his father's exalted position and with Joshua divides the land (Joshua 21:1), as Numbers 34:17 ordained; the Levites discharge their duties, scattered among the tribes and having 48 cities, as Jehovah by Moses commanded (Numbers 35:7). ...
The Levites scattered through Israel are the recognized ministers (Judges 17:7-13; Judges 19:1-2). The Levites alone should handle the sacred vessels and ark (1 Samuel 6:15; 1 Samuel 6:19). The feast in the eighth month was in imitation of that of tabernacles in the seventh month (1 Kings 12:32-38), to prevent the people going up to sacrifice at Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:27); the Levites remaining faithful to the temple, Jeroboam made priests of the lowest people
Bethshemesh - Providence fitly arranged that Bethshemesh being a priests' city (Joshua 21:16; 1 Chronicles 1:59) had Levites and priests ready on the spot duly to receive the ark and sacrifice before it
Gezer - Still, it was assigned as a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:21 )
Ruler - His duty was to superintend the priests and Levites who guarded the Temple and its precincts
Kohathites - See Levites ; Gershonites; Merarites
Bethlehem - Hence came the two Levites whose adventures are related in Judges 17:1-13 ; Judges 19:1-30
Requirement - ...
Mosaic ceremonial law required such things as Aaronic priests, offerings for supporting priests and Levites (Nehemiah 12:44 ; Ezekiel 20:40 ), and burnt offerings to be placed on the altar (Ezra 3:4 )
Jubilee, Year of - Property within walled cities did not revert in the Year of Jubilee except for the property of the Levites, which was always redeemable
Aaron - (Exodus 29:9 ) From this time the history of Aaron is almost entirely that of the priesthood, and its chief feature is the great rebellion of Korah and the Levites
First-Fruits - The first-fruits and tenths were the most substantial revenue of the priests and Levites
Firstborn - For the service of the tabernacle, the Levites replaced the firstborn as God’s special servants (Numbers 3:11-13; Numbers 3:45; cf
Education in Bible Times - ...
The Jewish people had opportunity to receive religious education from priests and Levites (Leviticus 10:10-11 ). The priests and Levites were to be supported by the offerings of the people and were to be the religious teachers of the nation. During the revival under King Jehoshaphat, the teaching function of Priests and Levites was resumed and the people were taught the ordinances of the Law
Priest - ...
Κohanim (Κohan , plural) is applied to David's sons (Exodus 40:23-29), probably an honorary, titular priesthood, enabling them to wear the ephod (the badge of a priest, 1 Samuel 22:18) in processions (2 Samuel 6:14) and join the Levites in songs and dances. (See HIGH PRIEST; Levites. ) The term "consecrate" (qadash ) is appropriated to the priest, as tahar the "lower term" to the Levites. They covered the ark and sanctuary vessels with a scarlet cloth before the Levites might approach them (Numbers 4:5-15). The priest had...
(1) one tenth of the tithes paid to the Levites, i. Thirteen cities within Judah, Benjamin, and Simeon (whereas the Levites were scattered through Israel) with suburbs were assigned to them (Joshua 21:13-19). Korah's rebellion, with Levites representing the firstborn, and Dathan and Abiram leading the tribe of Jacob's firstborn, Reuben, implies a looking back to the patriarchal priesthood
Chronicles, i - ...
The material is most carefully chosen, with the object of bringing out the importance of Judah, the greatness of the line of David, the religious value of Jerusalem, and the position of the Levites. He finds it necessary to change several narratives in the interests of the Levites, who were not assigned so important a place in matters of ritual under the monarchy as in the days when he was writing (cf. In 2 Chronicles 23:1-21 the bodyguard is replaced by the Levites. Again and again an anachronism has been committed that the Levites might have the place of honour in the record
Priest - All the rest of the family of Kohath, even the children of Moses and their descendants, remained of the order of mere Levites. See Levites . This ceremony, which continued for eight days, for ever separated the priests from all the other Israelites, not excepting the Levites; so that there was subsequently no need of any farther consecration, neither for themselves nor their posterity, Exodus 29:35-37 ; Leviticus 10:7 ; Romans 1:1 ; Ephesians 3:3 ; Acts 13:2-3 . They gave also to the priests and Levites an allowance out of the dough that they kneaded. Of these forty-eight cities six were appointed to be cities of refuge, for the sake of those who should commit any casual or involuntary manslaughter; the priests had thirteen of these for their share, and all the others belonged to the Levites, Joshua 21:19
Hebron - The city itself was allotted to the Kohathite Levites, and it was set apart as a city of refuge ( Joshua 20:7 )
Nathan - Nathan advised David in arranging the musical instruments played by the Levites (2 Chronicles 29:25 )
City - ...
A city with suburbs was a city surrounded with open pasture-grounds, such as the forty-eight cities which were given to the Levites (Numbers 35:2-7 )
Tax Taxing Taxation - From them the priests and Levites, and in a measure the poor, were to be maintained
First-Fruits - The first-fruits generally became the portion of the priests and Levites, to be eaten by them and their famines
Judah - Ancestor of some Levites who helped to rebuild the temple
Surpliced Choir - In the description of that service given in 2 Chronicles5:12 and 13 we read: "Also the Levites which were the singers, allof them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and theirbrethren, being arrayed in white linen
Minister - Hebrews 1:7 ; Hebrews 1:14 ), but, above all, of the priests and Levites as the servants of Jehovah in Tabernacle and Temple ( Exodus 28:35 , 1 Kings 8:11 , Ezra 8:17 , and constantly). ]'>[3] it was regularly applied, especially in its verbal form, to the ritual ministry of priests and Levites in the sanctuary, and so by NT times had come to connote the idea of a priestly function
Divorce - The husband must get drawn up by the proper authorities (the Levites) a formal deed stating his reasons (Isaiah 50:1; Jeremiah 3:8), and not dismiss her by word of mouth
Shechem - ...
In the division of Canaan among the Israelites, Shechem fell within the tribal allotment of Ephraim, but was set apart for the Levites
Tobiah - His crowning impudence was residing in a chamber of the temple, of which the proper use was to be a store for the vessels, the tithes, and offerings for the Levites, priests, etc
Firstfruits - ...
The priests met them, and the Levites singing Psalm 30
Alms - Every three years, for example, the tithe of the produce of the year was to be brought to the towns and made available to the Levites, the aliens in the land, the orphans, and the widows (Deuteronomy 14:28-29 )
Choose - 105:26- 27), and gave them the Levites “to bless in the name of the Lord” ( Commander - ...
The “leaders” or “chiefs” of the Levites ( Judah, the Kingdom of - ...
The temple being at Jerusalem, with the priests and Levites, Judah represented God's people and His government upon the earth; whereas the kingdom of Israel gave itself up at once to idolatry
Jehoshaphat - He then taught the people God’s law by sending a teaching team of priests, Levites and civil administrators on a circuit of Judah’s towns and villages (2 Chronicles 17:7-9)
Judges - The Levites, as the ultimate sources under God of jurisprudence, taught the people the law, to enable the judges and those judged to understand the right principle of decisions (Deuteronomy 17:8-13). David probably delegated some of the judicial office to the 6,000 Levites, and especially Chenaniah and his sons (1 Chronicles 23:4; 1 Chronicles 26:29)
Chronicles, the Books of - Again, the temple service, the religious bond of the nation, could only be maintained by the Levites' residence in Jerusalem, for which end the payment of tithes and firstfruits was indispensable. The order of the Levites and priests (1 Chronicles 23-24), of the army and captains (1 Chronicles 27). Rehoboam's fortifications, reception of priests and Levites from Israel (2 Chronicles 11). Jehoshaphat's garrisoning the cities of Judah and of Ephraim; removal of high places and groves; sending his princes and Levites throughout the land to teach the people in "the book of the law of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 17-18); reproval by Jehu, son of Hanani the seer, and by Eliezer, son of Dodavah of Mareshah, for his alliance with the ungodly kings of Israel; instructions to the judges; victory over the vast, allied forces of Ammon and Moeb (2 Chronicles 19-20)
Priest, Christ as - The priestly activity of drawing near to God in sacrifice and prayer is introduced in the Old Testament through Abel the head of a family (Genesis 4:4 ), Melchizedek the king of Salem and priest of God Most High (Genesis 14:18 ), Jethro the priest of Midian (Exodus 18:1 ), Aaron (Exodus 28:1 ), and the Levites (Exodus 32:28-29 ; Numbers 1:47-53 ). ...
Although the Levites served in the tabernacle and temple, caring for its furnishings and maintenance, and assisting the priests (Leviticus 10:11 ), the responsibility of presenting offerings and leading ceremonial rituals was restricted to the levitical family of Aaron and his descendants (Numbers 3:5-10 ; 16:8-11 ; 2 Chronicles 13:9 ). Luke reports a scathing criticism of priests and Levites who would pass by a dying man, while a heretical Samaritan models divine love for his neighbor (Luke 10:30-35 )
Shimei, Shimeites - In Zechariah 12:13 the family of the Shimeites are mentioned as participants in the mourning for national guilt; they appear in this connexion as representatives of the Levites
Host of Heaven - The term is used in the Book of Numbers to refer to the service of the Levites in the sanctuary
Levite - Thus the Levites were scattered among the tribes to keep alive among them the knowledge and service of God
Firstborn - This implied priestly duties, an obligation later transferred to the Levites (Numbers 8:14-19 )
Tabor - The city of the Merarite Levites (1 Chronicles 6:77)
Taxes - The priests, Levites, singers, porters, and Nethinim were exempted by Artaxerxes (Ezra 7:24)
Jehoshaphat - He not only feared the Lord himself, but he sent Levites and priests throughout all Judah, to teach the people
Ebal - The Levites ranged themselves in a circle about the ark; and the elders, with the people, placed themselves at the foot of the mountain, six tribes on a side
Ephod - The Levites were not generally allowed to wear the ephod; but in the time of Agrippa, as we are told by Josephus, a little before the taking of Jerusalem by the Romans, they obtained of that prince permission to wear the linen stole, as well as the priests
Sabbath - The sacrifices of the temple were doubled; the shew-bread was changed; the inner court of the temple was opened for solemn services: the prophets and the Levites took the occasion for imparting religious instruction to the people
Nehemiah - ), the Levites had not received their dues, the Sabbath was openly desecrated in and around Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 13:15 f. ‘Thus cleansed I them’ he proceeds ‘from every thing strange, and appointed wards for the priests and for the Levites, every one to his work: and for the wood offering at times appointed, and for the first-fruits’ ( Nehemiah 13:30 )
Hebrew Language - On this account it was, that, when the Scriptures were read, it was found necessary to interpret them to the people in the Chaldean language; as, when Ezra the scribe brought the book of the law of Moses before the congregation, the Levites are said to have caused the people to understand the law, because "they read in the book, in the law of God, distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading," Nehem. Some time after the return from the great captivity, Hebrew ceased to be spoken altogether; though it continued to be cultivated and studied by the priests and Levites, as a learned language, that they might be enabled to expound the law and the prophets to the people, who, it appears from the New Testament, were well acquainted with their general contents and tenor: this last mentioned period has been called the leaden age of the language
Husbandry - All who were not set apart for religious duties, such as the priests and the Levites, whether inhabitants of the country, or of towns and cities, were considered by the laws, and were, in fact, agriculturists. The priests and Levites were indeed engaged in other employments, yet they could not withhold their honour from an occupation which supplied them with their income
Governor - It is used of the delegate of the high priest (2 Chronicles 24:11 ), the Levites (Nehemiah 11:22 ), a military commander (2 Kings 25:19 ), Joseph's officers in Egypt (Genesis 41:34 )
Liturgy - In Scripture it is applied to the religious duty to be performed by priests and Levites in the Temple, especially in connection with the Sacrifice
Shemaiah - A chief of the Levites ( 2 Chronicles 35:9 ), called Samaias in LXX Sin Offering - Levi 16 (B) For the priests and Levites at their consecration, (Exodus 29:10-14,36 ) besides the yearly sin offering (a, bullock) for the high priest on the Great Day of Atonement
Celebrate, Celebration - When the walls of Jerusalem were finished under Nehemiah's supervision, the Levites were brought to Jerusalem to lead in the celebration and to dedicate the completed walls
Inheritance - Levites had no share of the land, and the Lord Himself was their “inheritance” (Numbers 18:20-24 ; Deuteronomy 10:9 ; Deuteronomy 18:2 ; Joshua 13:33 )
Athaliah - For six years he was hid, but in the seventh year Jehoiada took into covenant with him for restoring the rightful king "the captains of hundreds," two Azariahs, Ishmael, Maaseiah, and Elishaphat; they next enlisted the cooperation of the Levites, gathered out of Judah, and the chief fathers of Israel who came to Jerusalem
Laver - The "holy water" in the trial of jealousy (Numbers 5:17), and in consecrating the Levites by purifying and sprinkling, was probably from the laver (Numbers 8:7); type of the true and efficacious sprinkling of Christ's blood on the conscience (Hebrews 9:9-10; Hebrews 10:22; Titus 3:5; Ephesians 5:26); not to be so washed entails eternal death
Zadok - At Absalom's revolt Zadok and the Levites bearing the ark accompanied David in leaving Jerusalem, but at his request returned with the ark and along with Hushai and Abiathar became David's medium of knowing events passing in the city, through Jonathan and Ahimaaz
Throne - ...
The more frequent sense of kissê' is “throne” or “seat of honor,” also known as the “royal seat”: “And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites” ( Zerub'Babel - [2] The only other works of Zerubbabel of which we learn from Scripture are the restoration of the courses of priests and Levites and of the provision for their maintenance, according to the institution of David (Ezra 6:18 ; Nehemiah 12:47 ) the registering the returned captives according to their genealogies, (Nehemiah 7:5 ) and the keeping of a Passover in the seventh year of Darius, with which last event ends all that we know of the life of Zerubbabel, His apocryphal history is told in 1Esdr
Beard - The Levites, at their consecration, were purified by bathing, and washing their bodies and clothes; after which, they shaved off all the hair of their bodies, and then offered the sacrifices appointed for their consecration, Numbers 8:7
Serve - In the temple of Ezekiel’s vision, those Levites who had “… ministered unto them [1] before their idols …” were forbidden by the Lord to serve as priests ( Levites before the Lord … that they may execute the service of the Lord. The Levites also had many important functions in and around the temple; they sang, played musical instruments, and were secretaries, scribes, and doorkeepers ( Korah - The Reubenites' sin was in desiring to set aside all special ministries, in which Korah to gain their support joined them ostensibly; he did not really wish to raise the people to a level with the Levites, but the Levites alone to the level of the priests
Purity-Purification - The Levites were to purify themselves for service in the tabernacle (Numbers 8:21 ). The priests and Levites purified themselves first and then the people and then the city gates and wall (Isaiah 52:11 ; Ezra 6:20 ; Nehemiah 12:30 )
Firstborn - ...
It forms an additional testimony, that all this was with an eye to Christ, in that among the first-born of the Levites, the redemption of the first-born was not appointed. (Numbers 1:47; Num 3:12-13) And, wherefore, among the Levites this exemption, for it is evident our Lord sprang out of Judah? The whole of Israel is said to be unto JEHOVAH "a kingdom of priests
Clean, To Be - Moses was directed to “take the Levites … and cleanse them” ( Levites purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the wall [1]” ( Pentateuch - In the former we see the pious monarch of Judah assembling the priests and Levites and the rulers of the people; to deplore with him the trespasses of their fathers against the divine law, to acknowledge the justice of those chastisements which, according to the prophetic warnings of that law, had been inflicted upon them; to open the house of God which his father had impiously shut, and restore the true worship therein according to the Mosaic ritual, 2 Kings 18; 2 Chronicles 29; 2 Chronicles 30; with the minutest particulars of which he complied, in the sin-offerings and the peace- offerings which, in conjunction with his people, he offered for the kingdom and the sanctuary and the people, to make atonement to God for them and for all Israel; restoring the service of God as it had been performed in the purest times. "Nevertheless," says the sacred narrative, "divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem; and there assembled at Jerusalem much people, to keep the feast of unleavened bread in the second month, a very great congregation; and they killed the passover, and the priests and Levites stood in their places after their manner, according to the law of Moses, the man of God
Law of Moses - ( Leviticus 25:29,30 ) But the houses of the Levites , or those in unwalled villages, to be redeemable at all times, in the same way as land; and the Levitical suburbs to be inalienable. -- (a) Tithes of all produce to be given for maintenance of the Levites. ( Numbers 18:8-32 ) (a) Tenth of Levites' tithe . (a) Local judges (generally Levites as more skilled in the law) appointed, for ordinary matters, probably by the people with approbation of the supreme authority (as of Moses in the wilderness), ( Exodus 18:25 ; 1:15-18) through all the land. The members were priest, scribes (Levites), and elders (of other tribes). Leviticus 18,20 (2) Holiness of the priests (and Levites)
Shiloh - Here the Israelites assembled at the completion of the conquest, and erected the Tent of Meeting; portions were assigned to the still landless tribes, and cities to the Levites ( Joshua 18:1 etc
Nathan - A head man who returned with Ezra on his second expedition, and whom Ezra despatched from his encampment at the river Ahava to the Jews at Casiphia, to get Levites and Nethinim for the temple (Ezra 8:16)
Bashan - " Ashtaroth (Beeshterah, Joshua 21:27, compare 1 Chronicles 6:71), Golan (a city of refuge, assigned with Ashtaroth to the Gershomite Levites), Edrei, Salkah, were the chief cities
Gibeon - Originally, the city was assigned to the tribe of Benjamin following Israel's victory in Canaan (Joshua 18:25 ) and made a city for Levites (Joshua 21:17 )
Rechab - Judah that the Rechabites married Levites, and their children ministered in the temple
Hand - "Laying on of hands" was usual in blessing; as the Lord Jesus blessing the infants (Mark 10:16), Jacob blessing Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 48:14); also in laying guilt and punishment upon persons accused (Deuteronomy 13:9; Deuteronomy 17:7); also in constituting magistrates, as Moses did in appointing Joshua his successor (Numbers 27:18); also setting apart the Levites (Numbers 8:10)
Laying on of Hands - The notion of separation for an uncommon purpose probably also lies behind the imposition of hands on the Levites during their ceremony of consecration (Numbers 8:5-15 ) and behind Moses' imposition of hands on Joshua during the ritual in which he was designated as Moses' successor (Numbers 27:18-23 ; cf
Hezekiah, King of Judah - ...
Hezekiah began his reign by opening the doors of the house of the Lord, which was cleansed and repaired by the priests and Levites
Poor - ...
(6) Portions from the tithes belonged to the poor after the Levites (Deuteronomy 14:28-29; Deuteronomy 26:12-13)
Hero - 23:3: “Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand
Temple - The first marker is the addition “of the Lord”: “And when the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise the Lord, after the ordinance of David king of Israel” (Ezra 3:10)
Tabernacle - When the cloud arose from off the tabernacle, they decamped; the priests carried those things which were most sacred, and the Levites all the several parts of the tabernacle
Debts - ) His houses, which, with the sole exception of those of the Levites, might be sold in perpetuity, Leviticus 25:29-30 :...
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First-Born - In consequence of God having taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the first-born to serve him as priests, the first-born of the other tribes were to be redeemed, at a valuation made by the priest not exceeding five shekels, from serving God in that capacity, Numbers 18:15-16 , Luke 2:22 , &c
Manna - Certainly the daily sacrifices were offered, and no doubt to her offerings affording animal food on which the priests and Levites subsisted, according to their offices
Azari'ah - (Nehemiah 7:7 ) ...
One of the Levites who assisted Ezra in instructing the people in the knowledge of the law
Jehoshaphat - In the third year of his reign he sent out priests and Levites over the land to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Josiah - This gave him the opportunity to organize the priests and Levites according to the order set out by David
Sabbath - In the sanctuary the morning and evening sacrifices were doubled, the shewbread was changed, and each of David's 24 courses of priests and Levites began duty on the Sabbath. The Levites were dispersed throughout Israel to take advantage of these convocations, and in them "teach Israel God's law" (Deuteronomy 33:10). ...
The Levites' suburbs extended to the same distance from their walls (Numbers 35:5)
Hezekiah - In the very first year and first month of his reign the Lord put it "in his heart to make a covenant with the Lord God of Israel" (2 Chronicles 29), so he opened and repaired the doors of the Lord's house which had been "shut up," and charged the Levites not to be negligent but to "sanctify" the house and "carry forth the filthiness out of the holy place," and to light the lamps, to burn incense, and to offer burnt offerings as in former times; all which, to the shame and disaster of Judah, had latterly been neglected. " The priests were too few to flay the burnt offerings which the congregation "of a free heart" brought in; therefore the Levites helped them "until the other priests had sanctified themselves, for the Levites were more upright in heart to sanctify themselves than the priests. " "And Hezekiah spoke comfortably unto all the Levites that taught the good knowledge of the Lord," assuring them of God's pardon upon their "making confession to the Lord God" for the people, so that "the whole assembly took counsel and kept other seven days with gladness. Hezekiah also provided for the maintenance of the priests and Levites by commanding the payment of tithes; he ordered also their courses of service, and "in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, and in the law, and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did it with all his heart and prospered": a good motto for Christians (Colossians 3:23)
Hezekiah - Hezekiah organized the priests and Levites for the conducting of religious services
Zebulun - The tribe had four of its cities assigned to Mesarite Levites
Blasphemy - Similarly, the prayer of the Levites in Nehemiah 9 calls "awful blasphemies" all that Israelites did when they made the golden calf (9:18)
Brethren - clans and single tribes (see Deuteronomy 18:7, where the Levite’s ‘brethren’ are his fellow-Levites); (4) metaphorical applications which are too general and too various for exact delimitation
Prayer - It consisted in offering the evening and morning sacrifices, every day, accompanied with prayers by the priests and Levites in that holy edifice
Samaritans - In consequence of this refusal, and the subsequent state of enmity, the Samaritans not only took occasion to calumniate the Jews before the Persian kings, Ezra 4:4 Nehemiah 4:1-23 , but also, recurring to the directions of Moses, Deuteronomy 27:11-13 , that on entering the promised land half of the people should stand on Mount Gerizim to respond Amen to the covenant pronounced by the Levites, they erected a temple on that mountain, and instituted sacrifices according to the prescriptions of the Mosaic law, although the original altar, according to the Hebrew Scriptures, stood on Mount Ebal, Deuteronomy 27:4 Joshua 8:30-35
Nehemi'ah - He made most careful provision for the maintenance of the ministering priests and Levites and for the due and constant celebration of divine worship
Nehemiah, Theology of - Thirteen Levites went through the crowd assisting people in understanding the law (8:7). ...
When he discovers Levites and singers have had to leave their duties because tithes are not being paid, he quickly reorganized the country's financial policies. For sake of accountability the high priest was to be present when Levites gathered tithes (10:38)
Music - In the tabernacle and the temple, the Levites were the lawful musicians; but on other occasions any one might use musical instruments who chose. David, in order to give the best effect to the music of the tabernacle, divided the four thousand Levites into twenty-four classes, who sung psalms, and accompanied them with music. When Hezekiah restored the temple service, which had been neglected in his predecessor's reign, "he set the Levites in the house of the Lord, with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan the prophet; for so was the commandment of the Lord by his prophets," 2 Chronicles 29:25
Chronicles, Books of - Moreover, the emphasis upon the priests and Levites suggests the author to be someone like Ezra who was one of them. The genealogies reflect the carefully kept records of the Levites. Ordering the priests and Levites and princes for service (1 Chronicles 23:2-27:34 )...
F
Joel - Leader among the Levites under David (1Chronicles 15:7,1Chronicles 15:11,1 Chronicles 15:18 ), who brought the ark of the covenant up to Jerusalem. Compare 1 Joel 3:1-173 ; 1 Chronicles 26:22 for Levites named Joel 5
King - The high priest, priests, and Levites, as God's ministers, were magistrates as well as religious officers. have written for him) a copy of the law out of that before the priests and Levites; he should read therein all his life, to keep all the words, that his heart might not be lifted up above his brethren, to the end that he might prolong his days in his kingdom" (Deuteronomy 17:18-20)
Malachi, Theology of - Instead of "robbing" God, the people were to bring their gifts to the Levites, and the Lord would "throw open the floodgates of heaven" and provide crops in such abundance that they would "not have room enough for it" (3:9-10). Much of the judgment connected with the Messiah will take place at Christ's second coming, but in 3:2-4 it is the priests and Levites who are refined and purified
Josiah - The repairing of the temple recorded 2 Kings 22:3-7, in a period by itself, subordinate to the discovery of the law, in the 18th year of Josiah's reign, must have been chronologically before that date, since in that year the builders were already repairing and the money for the work had been collected by the Levites who kept the door. ...
He at once accepted its authority without mistrust as genuine and authentic; and read or caused it to be read in the ears of all the men of Judah, the priests and the prophets ("Levites" in 2 Chronicles 34:30)
Shewbread - The preparation of the shewbread itself, which in the time of the Chronicler was the privilege of a division of the Levites ( 1 Chronicles 9:32 ), is prescribed in another section of P Nehemiah, the Book of - The register of Levites in "the book of Chronicles" reached only down to "Johanan son of Eliashib," Nehemiah 12:23
Tabernacle - This is the portable sanctuary Israel carefully delegates to the priests and Levites for transportation (Numbers 3:1 )
Camp - As we might have expected, Moses, Aaron, and the priests were nearest to the door of the Tabernacle, and the Levites surrounded the three other sides
Preaching - And at other seasons again, itinerants, both princes, priests, and Levites, were sent through all the country, to carry the book of the law, and to teach in the cities. Thirteen other principal teachers, and many Levites, were present also, on scaffolds erected for the purpose, alternately to officiate. The people bowing their heads and worshipping the Lord with their faces to the ground; and at the close of the prayer, with uplifted hands, they solemnly pronounced, "Amen! Amen!" Then all standing, Ezra, assisted at times by the Levites, read the law distinctly, gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. The sermons delivered so affected the hearers, that they wept excessively; and about noon the sorrow became so exuberant and immeasurable, that it was thought necessary by the governor, the preacher, and the Levites, to restrain it
Numbers, the Book of - The very inconsistency seeming between Numbers 4:3; Numbers 4:23; Numbers 4:30, fixing the Levites' limit of age to 30, and Numbers 8:24 appointing the age 25 (the reason being, the 30 was temporary, the number of able-bodied Levites between 30 and 50 sufficing for the conveyance of the tabernacle in the wilderness; but, when Israel was in Canaan, the larger number afforded by the earlier limit 25 to 50 was required: David enlarged the number, as the needs of the sanctuary service required, by reducing the age for entrance to 20 (1 Chronicles 23:24-28), younger men being able then for the work, carrying the tabernacle being no longer needed). ...
But the firstborn meant are those born at and after the Passover on the eve of the Exodus (Numbers 13:2; Numbers 13:11-12), which was the ground of God's claim on them; the 603,550 include none of them, the 273 above the Levites' 22,000 had to be redeemed at five shekels each
Ark - When carried it was always wrapped in the veil, the badgers' skins, and blue cloth, and carefully concealed even from the eyes of the Levites who carried it
Laying on of Hands - When the Levites were presented to the Lord as a wave offering from the Israelites, the whole assembly laid hands on them (Numbers 8:10 )
Numbers, Book of - Those who participate in a religious system under the authority of the Aaronite priesthood and ministry of the Levites (Numbers 3:1 ; Numbers 4:1 );...
D
Inherit - The priests and the Levites, whose earthly “possessions” were limited, were assured that their “possession” is the Lord: “Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, according as the Lord thy God promised him” ( Father - Sometimes the plural of the word used by itself can represent “family”: “… These are the heads of the fathers [4] of the Levites according to their families” ( Giving - ...
The tithes of the Israelites supported the Levites and priests, the servants of God in the Old Testament religious system (Numbers 18:21-28)
Joshua, Book of - The Levites, who had no tribal area of their own, were given towns in all the other tribes (20:1-21:45)
Offering - ...
While all the priests had to be from the tribe of Levi, inheriting their office through their fathers, not all Levites could function as priests. The Levites actually lived in various parts of Israel, and they were the welfare responsibility of the Israelites among whom they lived. The Levites, then, were to tithe the tithe they received, giving their own tithe from what they received from the people to the Lord. 45:1; 48:9, 20-21, where it refers to an “oblation” which was that portion of land on which the post-exilic temple was to be built, as well as accommodations for the priests and Levites. Lots were to be cast among the people, priests, and Levites to determine who would bring in the “wood offering” or fuel at the scheduled times throughout the year
Ark of the Covenant - It had rings at the four grainers for the two staves to pass through, wherewith the Kohathite Levites or priests carried it. When moved it was carefully covered up from the eyes even of the Levites who bore it (Numbers 4:5-6; Psalms 68:1): "they shall not go in to see when the holy things are covered, lest they die
Nehemiah - He threw out a Gentile who was permitted to live in the Temple; he restored the practice of tithing to support the Levites; he corrected sabbath wrongs by those who bought and sold on the sabbath; and he dealt forthrightly with those who had married foreigners, those not in covenant relation with God. He had respect for the sabbath, the Temple and its institutions, the Levites, and tithing
Synagogue - ...
Jehoshaphat's mission of priests and Levites (2 Chronicles 17:7-9) implies there was no provision for regular instruction except the septennial reading of the law at the feast of tabernacles (Deuteronomy 31:10-13). )...
The only Old Testament notice of anything like such a body is Nehemiah 8:13, "chiefs of the fathers of all the people, the priests; and the Levites
Passover And Feast of Unleavened Bread - Of post-exilic witnesses Ezra 6:19-22 may be quoted, where the priests and Levites play the prominent part in the sacrifice, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread is distinguished from the Passover. The lambs were then dressed, and the fat offered, while the Levites chanted the Hallel ( Psalms 113:1-9 ; Psalms 114:1-8 ; Psalms 115:1-18 ; Psalms 116:1-19 ; Psalms 117:1-2 ; Psalms 118:1-29 )
Joshua, the Book of - ...
The allotment of the land to the different tribes, with the appointment of cities of refuge, the provision for the Levites (13-22), and the dismissal of the eastern tribes to their homes
Samaritan, the Good - ]'>[5] there were continually priests and Levites passing to and fro
Chronicles, Books of - They were the basis on which not only the land was distributed and held, but the public services of the temple were arranged and conducted, the Levites and their descendants alone, as is well known, being entitled and first fruits set apart for that purpose
Hilkiah - The directions for the reading of the law every seventh year or year of release, also the direction (Deuteronomy 17:18-19) that a copy of the law should be made for the king distract from that of the priests and Levites, imply a paucity of readers and of copies (compare 2 Chronicles 17:9; 2 Kings 14:6; 2 Kings 18:5-6)
Ark of God - David however, hearing that God had blessed the house of Obed-edom, again went for the ark, and now it was carried by the Levites according to divine order, and with sacrifices and rejoicing it was placed in the tabernacle or tent that David had pitched for it
Aaron - The Levites, the tribe of Moses and Aaron, rallied to Moses and were blessed accordingly (Exodus 32:26-29 )
Day - These divisions and names appear to have owed their origin to the watches of the Levites in the tabernacle and temple, Exodus 14:24 ; 1 Samuel 11:11
Jubilee, the Year of - This applied to fields and houses in the country and to houses of the Levites in walled cities; but other houses in such cities, if not redeemed within a year from their sale, remained the perpetual property of the buyer
Jubilee - Levites too could buy back their houses at any time, which always reverted to them at Jubilee; their lands were not affected by the law of Jubilee
High Priest - ...
History of the Office Some argue that the developed priesthood characterized by three divisions (high priest, priests, and Levites) was a late, possibly postexilic, development in the history of Israel's worship. ...
Eleazar was charged with supervision of the Levites (Numbers 3:32 ; compare 1 Chronicles 9:20 ) and of the sanctuary apparatus (Numbers 4:16 )
Tabernacle - As often as Israel removed, the tabernacle was taken to pieces by the priests, closely covered, and borne in regular order by the Levites, Numbers 4:1-49 . Wherever they encamped, it was pitched in the midst of their tents, which were set up in a quadrangular form, under their respective standards, at a distance from the tabernacle of two thousand cubits; while Moses and Aaron, with the priests and Levites, occupied a place between them
Age, Old (the Aged) - The Levites retired from official service at age fifty, but they then assisted younger priests (1618533133_86 )
Ebal - There is still a rocky amphitheatrical recess on the side of Ebal, and a corresponding one of the same dimensions on the side of Gerizim; probably formed for the accommodation of the people, when all Israel, their elders, officers, and judges, stood: half of them, the six blessing tribes, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin (sprung from Jacob's proper wives), over against Gerizim; and half, the six cursing tribes (four sprung from Zilpah and Bilhah, and Reuben the incestuous oldest and Zebulun the youngest) over against Ebal: with the ark and the priests and Levites in the center between the two mountains
Rehoboam - Moreover, the calf worship in northern Israel drove the Levites and many pious Israelites to the southern kingdom where Jehovah's pure worship was maintained
Sanctification - ...
Of course, the priests and Levites who functioned in the sanctuary, beginning with Aaron, were sanctified to the Lord by the anointing of oil (Exodus 30:30-32 ; Exodus 40:12-15 )
Gilgal - For the males in Israel at the census in Moab shortly before were 601,730 upward of 20 years old, besides 23,000 Levites of a month old and upward; at the outside all the males would be less than one million
Zechariah - A Levite in the tabernacle choir under David, "with psalteries on Alamoth" (1 Chronicles 15:20); of the second order of Levites (verse 18), a porter or gatekeeper
Host - ...
Another meaning of the phrase “the host(s) of heaven” is simply “the numberless stars”: “As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me” ( Think, Devise - The same idea concerns the provisions for the Levites when Israel offered their gifts to the Lord ( Remember - David appointed “Levites as ministers before the ark of the Lord, to invoke … the Lord …” ( Temple - ...
Solomon's temple appears to have been surrounded by two main courts: the inner court, that "of the Priests," 1 Kings 6:36 2 Chronicles 4:9 ; and the outer court, that "of Israel;" these were separated by a "middle wall of partition," with lodges for priests and Levites, for wood, oil, etc. On these steps the Levites stood in singing the "songs of degrees. ...
In the time of the kings, a regular guard of Levites was always on duty at the temple, 1 Chronicles 26:1-32 2 Chronicles 23:19
Preaching - And, at other seasons again, itinerants, both princes, priests, and Levites, were sent through all the country to carry the book of the law, and to teach in the cities. Thirteen other principal teachers, and many Levites, were present also on scaffolds erected for the purpose, alternately to officiate. Then, all standing, Ezra, assisted at times by the Levites, read the law distinctly, gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. The sermons delivered so affected the hearers, that they wept excessively; and about noon the sorrow became so exuberant and immeasurable, that it was thought necessary by the governor, the preacher, and the Levites, to restrain it
Tithes - They were either a charitable and regularly recurring contribution placed at the disposal of the humbler Levites and other poor or a yearly impost designed for the upkeep of the central house of worship and of the ministering priests (see W. ...
The other purpose for which tithes were paid was the maintenance of the Temple services and of the attendant priests and Levites
Zebulun - ]'>[8] ), was given by the Zebulunites to the sons of Merarl (Levites)
Oil - The firstfruits or tithe of "fresh oil" went to the priests and Levites
Captain - στρατηγὸς τοῦ ἱεροῦ, the commandant of the Temple Levites
Holy - 6:18) or “to sanctify”: “Hear me, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of the Lord God of your fathers, and carry forth the filthiness out of the holy place” ( Poverty - The Levites also are specially referred to in Deut
Ezekiel - ...
In Ezekiel’s perfectly reconstructed national life, land for priests, Levites and king was justly allocated, and full provision was made for all the national religious festivals (45:1-46:24)
City of Refuge - Scattered throughout the tribes of Israel were forty-eight cities given to the Levites
Festivals - David's arrangements for the Levites included service on the new moon (1 Chronicles 23:31 ), and the ministry of the prophets was sometimes connected with this occasion (2 Kings 4:23 ; Isaiah 1:13 ; Ezekiel 46:1 ; Haggai 1:1 ). The feast was concluded by the eating of communal meals to which the poor, the stranger, and the Levites were invited
David - He attempted to bring up the ark, but at first not in God's way, and Uzzah was smitten, which displeased David and made him afraid; but he learned better, and the ark was carried up on the shoulders of the Levites, with sacrifices and much rejoicing. David also arranged the details of the service, the priests, Levites, singers, etc
Nehemiah, Book of - A list of priests and Levites who returned with Zerubbabel
She'Chem - In the distribution of the land after its conquest by the Hebrews, Shechem fell to the lot of Ephraim, ( Joshua 20:7 ) but was assigned to the Levites, and became a city of refuge
Redeem, Redemption - The Levites are also said to be a ransom for the firstborn of Israel (Numbers 3:44-45 )
Chief Priests - ‘Priests and Levites’ and ‘Priest in NT’; Hauck-Herzog, PRE Sadducees - 2, which ordains that only priests, Levites, and Israelites whose daughters might marry priests, were "clean" so as to be judges in capital trials; also Acts 5:17, "the high-priest, and all that were with him, which is the sect of the Sadducees
Samuel, the Books of - ...
Levites are mentioned only twice (1 Samuel 6; 2 Samuel 15:24), but thirty times in 1 Chronicles alone, containing David's history
Ezra - The ‘holy seed’ (including even priests and Levites) had ‘mingled themselves with the peoples of the lands,’ and ‘the hand of the princes and deputies’ had ‘been first in this trespass’ (Ezra 9:2 )
Seek - Moses asked the Levites who rebelled against the unique position of Aaron and his sons: “… Seek ye the priesthood also?” ( Mouth - 7:5: “Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; and thou shalt give them unto the Levites, to every man according to his service
Ark of the Covenant - ...
On the two sides of the ark there were four rings of gold, two on each side, through which staves, overlaid with gold, were put, by means whereof they carried it as they marched through the wilderness, &c, on the shoulders of the Levites, Exodus 25:13-14 ; Exodus 27:5
Tabernacle - ...
As to the Levites' service (Numbers 3-4) of the tabernacle, exact details as to the parts each family should carry on march are given, such as none but an eye-witness would detail. The tabernacle with the camp of the Levites was to set forward between the second and third camps (Numbers 2:17); but Numbers 10 says after the first camp had set forward the tabernacle was taken down, and the sons of Gershon and Merari set forward bearing the tabernacle, and afterward the second camp or standard of Reuben
Sanctify - It can be used of sacred things given to the Lord (to be used in the sanctuary and/or by the priests and Levites; Levites ( Elijah - The priests and Levites said to the Baptist (John 1:25 ), "Why baptizest thou, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias?" Paul (Romans 11:2 ) refers to an incident in his history to illustrate his argument that God had not cast away his people
Incense - " On coming forth he pronounced the blessing (Numbers 6:24-26); the Levites broke forth into sacred song, accompanied by the temple music (Mishna); compare Revelation 8:5
Book(s) - ”...
Various other works are also mentioned in 1,2Chronicles: genealogies of the tribe of Gad (1 Chronicles 5:17 ), the “Chronicles of King David” (1 Chronicles 27:24 ), an untitled work containing the plan for the Temple (1 Chronicles 28:19 ), works on the organization of the Levites written by David and Solomon (2 Chronicles 35:4 ), and lamentations for the death of Josiah by Jeremiah and others (2 Chronicles 35:25 )
Gift, Giving - Whether regulated or unregulated, they formed the chief support of priests and Levites, and were the necessary accompaniment of worship
Offerings - The remainder of the animal substance and of the cakes was convened by the person who made the offering into an entertainment, to which widows, orphans, the poor, slaves, and Levites, were invited
Prophets - They aided the priest and Levites in teaching religion to the people, especially in the kingdom of Israel, from which the true priests of the Lord withdrew, 2 Kings 4:23 ; and cooperated with the kings in public measure to promote piety and virtue
Wilderness of the Wanderings - The tabernacle and its attendant Levites, priests, and chiefs, formed the rallying point, moving from time to time to the different stations specified up and down the country as the people's head quarters. , Numbers 16; Aaron's rod budding, Numbers 17; the Levites' and priests' charge and portion, Numbers 18; the red heifer water of separation, Numbers 19) are recorded in Numbers 13:26:22
Money - The Levites fulfilled this function as substitutes, but since there were not enough Levites to take the place of all firstborn Israelites when this was first enacted, God also accepted a monetary substitution of five shekels for those firstborn who could find no Levite to substitute for them (Numbers 3:46-51 )
Aaron - " The point of Numbers 26:59 is, Moses and Aaron were Levites both on the father's side and mother's side, Hebrew of Hebrew. ), in the wilderness of Paran, the rebellion took place of Korah and the Levites against Aaron's monopoly of the priesthood, and of Dathan, Abiram, and the Reubenites against Moses' authority as civil leader
Teach, Teacher - Moses commands parents to teach their children (Exodus 13:9 ), teaches Israel's elders how to adjudicate civic matters (Deuteronomy 7:3-6 ), and assigns responsibility for teaching the law to Aaron and his descendants, the priests and Levites (Leviticus 10:11 ; Deuteronomy 33:10 ; cf
Malachi - But the same evils are sought to be remedied by both: see above; also compare Malachi 1:6-20 "ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the Lord of hosts," with Nehemiah 13:29, "they have defiled the covenant of the priesthood and of the Levites
Canon of the Old Testament - "The book of the law of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 17:9) was what the Levites under Jehoshaphat taught throughout all Judah
Praise - Indeed, David appointed Levites to ensure the public praise of Israel (1 Chronicles 16:4 ; 23:4,30 )
Prophet, Christ as - This, of course, must be admitted, for the context of Deuteronomy 17-18 speaks of classes or groups of leaders such as the priests and Levites
Thankfulness, Thanksgiving - David also appointed Levites to thank God morning and evening in the temple (23:30), and he thanked God as his life ended, exhorting the people to join him in giving to the building of Solomon's temple (29:13-20)
Hallel - 7), which embodies old and (there is every reason to believe) trustworthy traditions as to the Temple-ritual, the complete Hallel was recited by the Levites during the slaughter of the Paschal lambs in the Temple-courts
Numbers as Symbols - The Israelites gave a tenth to the Levites, and they gave a tenth to the priests
Sanhedrim - As to the personal qualifications of the judges of this court, it was required that they should be of untainted birth; and they were often of the race of the priests or Levites, or of the number of inferior judges, or of the lesser sanhedrim, which consisted of twenty-three judges
Praise - ...
Praise was certainly a part of the varied service rendered by the Levites in the Temple ritual of later Judaism, and an examination of that ritual will show how far praise was given over to them, and how much was retained by the congregation
Sabbath - On the Sabbath-day, the priests and Levites, ministers of the temple, entered on their week; and those who had attended the foregoing week, went out
Minister - In the NT (see Note below) it is used (a) of the prophets and teachers in the church at Antioch, who "ministered to the Lord," Acts 13:2 ; (b) of the duty of churches of the Gentiles to "minister" in "carnal things" to the poor Jewish saints at Jerusalem, in view of the fact that the former had "been made partakers" of the "spiritual things" of the latter, Romans 15:27 ; (c) of the official service of priests and Levites under the Law, Hebrews 10:11 (in the Sept
Music, Instruments, Dancing - ...
As the instrument of David and the Levites, the lyre (Hebrew, “kinnor ”; KJV, “harp”) was employed in both secular and sacred settings (compare Isaiah 23:16 ; 2 Samuel 6:5 ). See David ; Levites ; Psalms, The; Shiloh
Temple - From these dimensions we gather that if the priests and Levites and elders of families were disconsolate at seeing how much more sumptuous the old temple was than the one which on account of their poverty they had hardly been able to erect, ( Ezra 3:12 ) it certainly was not because it was smaller; but it may have been that the carving and the gold and the other ornaments of Solomon's temple far surpassed this, and the pillars of the portico and the veils may all have been far more splendid; so also probably were the vessels and all this is what a Jew would mourn over far more than mere architectural splendor. Two years appear to have been occupied in preparations --among which Josephus mentions the teaching of some of the priests and Levites to work as masons and carpenters --and then the work began
Moses - ]'>[9] has inserted a narrative which apparently explains the reason for the choice of Levites for Divine service ( Exodus 32:25-29 )
Ministry, Minister - Within this relation of grace there was need of a minister of God who would speak for him to the people (thus the prophet Isaiah 6:8 ; 50:4 ); of a minister to stand before God to teach the people, lead in worship, and offer sacrifice on their behalf (on many occasions priests and Levites are called ministers — e
Deliver - Levites are those who have been “handed over” in this way ( Judah, Kingdom of - In spite of his pious efforts for the instruction of his people through the princes, Levites, and priests, in God's law (2 Chronicles 17), and for the administration of justice in the fear of Jehovah (2 Chronicles 19), his affinity with Ahab and Ahaziah nearly cost him his life at Ramoth Gilead (2 Chronicles 18), and again in the wilderness of Edom (2 Kings 3:8-11), and caused the loss of his ships in Ezion Geber (2 Chronicles 20:36-37)
Joshua, Book of - Forty-eight cities were appointed for dwelling places for the Levites
John the Baptist - )...
When the ecclesiastical authorities sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask, Who art thou? John replied, "I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord" (John 1:19-23)
Number - Again, in Numbers 3:39 the census gives 22,000 Levites, which one would naturally understand as a round number; but in Numbers 3:43-51 it is taken as an exact number, inasmuch as it is ordained that because the 22,273 firstborn exceed the Levites by 273, redemption-money shall be paid for the surplus
Genealogy - ...
Hezekiah took a census of priests and Levites according to genealogies, and apparently from 1 Chronicles 4:41; 1 Chronicles 9:1, a census also of the nation by genealogies; he had a staff of scribes for such purposes (Proverbs 25:1)
Ezekiel, Book of - The whole of the land will be possessed and be divided into twelve portions (besides a holy portion for the sanctuary, the priests, the Levites, and the city, the temple not being built in the future Jerusalem:see TEMPLE,EZEKIEL'S)
Armies - The tents nearest to the tabernacle were those of the Levites, whose business it was to watch it, in the manner of a Pretorian guard
Solomon - When the ark was placed in the sanctuary, while the priests and Levites were celebrating the praises of the Lord, the temple was filled with a miraculous cloud, so that the priests could no longer stand to perform the functions of their ministry
Sacrifice - The sacrificer (the offerer generally, but in public sacrifice the priests or Levites) slew the victim at the N. ...
The wave offering (tenuphah ) was moved to and fro repeatedly; applied to the gold and bronze, also to the Levites, dedicated to Jehovah
Offerings, the - , and these acts may have been done by the priests or the Levites. (The Levites flayed the sacrifices in 2 Chronicles 29:34 , when the priests were too few
Holiness - ]'>[3] ), Levites ( Numbers 8:17 f
Church - The Old Testament ministry of high priest, priests, and Levites necessarily ended with the destruction of the one and only temple appointed by God
God, Name of - Biblical literature oriented to the activities of the priests and Levites in their duties at the sanctuary is said to emphasize God's immanence, his real presence in the world
Psalms, Book of, - All these psalms --80-83-- are referred by their superscriptions to the Levite singers, and thus beer witness to the efforts of the Levites to reconcile the two branches of the chosen nation
Jonathan - The genealogies of the priests and Levites were kept in his high priesthood, and the national chronicles were continued to his time (Nehemiah 12:11-22-23)
Judah - The priests' nine cities were all in Judah; the Levites had no cities in Judah (Joshua 21:9-19)
Passover - The head of the family or anyone ceremonially clean brought the lamb to the sanctuary court, and slew it, or on special occasions gave it to Levites to slay (2 Chronicles 30:17). Instead therefore of the father of the family slaying the lamb and handing the blood to the priest, to sprinkle on the altar, the Levites did so; also at Josiah's Passover (2 Chronicles 35:6; 2 Chronicles 35:11)
Sol'Omon - (2 Samuel 15:16 ) He would be taught all that priests or Levites or prophets had to teach
Ezra, Book of - Other lists include those who returned with Ezra (Ezra 8:1-14 ); “the sons of the priests there were found who had taken strange wives” (Ezra 10:18-43 ); those who helped rebuild Jerusalem's walls (Nehemiah 3:1 ); signers of the covenant (Nehemiah 10:1 ); residents in Jerusalem at the time of Nehemiah (Ezra 2:68-704 ); and another list of “the priests and the Levites that went up with Zerubbabel” (Nehemiah 12:1-26 )
Episcopacy - As to the ancient writers, it is observed, that though Clemens Romanus recommends to the Corinthians the example of the Jewish church, where the high priest, ordinary priest, and Levites knew and observed their respective offices, yet he never mentions presbyters and bishops as distinct, nor refers the contending Corinthians to any one ecclesiastical head as the centre of unity, which he would probably have done if there had been any diocesan bishops among them; nay, he seems evidently to speak of presbyters as exercising the episcopal office
Inn - 232), quoting from the Talmud a story of some Levites, who, travelling from Zoar, left at an inn one of their number who had fallen ill upon the road (Yeb
City - 14) consisted of seven judges, who had each two Levites as assessors
Psalms, Book of - They are mostly 'for, or of ' Asaph and the sons of Korah — Levites
Priest (2) - (2) The priests and Levites who interviewed John the Baptist (John 1:19). The Levites could teach and the kings could bless, but by no possibility could either do the essential duties of the priesthood in representing man to God
Government - The appointment of Levites as judges, ascribed to David in 1 Chronicles 23:4 ; 1 Chronicles 26:29 , is no doubt an anachronism
Pharisees - " The produce (tithes) reserved for the Levites and priests was "holy," and for anyone
Deuteronomy - The Levites in Leviticus 27:14 ff
Jephthah - This spiritual burnt offering answers somewhat to Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac (Hebrews 11:17) in will though not in deed, and to the Israelites redeeming their firstborn belonging to Jehovah instead of sacrificing them (Exodus 13:1-13; Numbers 18:15-16), and to Aaron's offering the Levites to the Lord for an offering for Israel (Numbers 8:10-16), and redeeming vowed persons at an estimation (1 Samuel 1:11-20; 1 Samuel 1:22; 1 Samuel 1:28; 1 Samuel 2:20; Leviticus 27:1, etc
Temple - ...
The Levites throughout the land were to teach Israel the law of their God; the particular mode was left to patriarchal usage and the rules of religious feeling and reason (Deuteronomy 33:10; Deuteronomy 6:7). 1:21, section 1): he employed 10,000 skilled workmen, and 1,000 priests acquainted with fine work in wood and stone; in one year and a half the temple was ready for the priests and Levites; in eight the courts were complete; but for the 46 years up to Jesus' ministry (John 2:20) various additions were being made, and only in the time of Agrippa II the works ceased
Innocentius, Bishop of Rome - (10) Priests and Levites who have wives are not to cohabit with them. Christian priests and Levites, it is argued, ought always to be prepared to officiate
Daniel, the Book of - , the register of priests and Levites must have been inserted in Nehemiah with divine sanction subsequently
Leviticus - Since, however, the special functions of the Levites are not referred to, the scope of the book is better brought out in the title ‘Law of the Priests,’ which is given to it in the Talmud
Aaron - The first was the destruction of Korah, who sought that office for himself, and of the two hundred and fifty Levites who supported his pretensions, Numbers 16
Presentation - Instead of the firstborn, however, God took for the service of His sanctuary the tribe of Levi (Numbers 3:12; Numbers 8:14-18), requiring, at the time of this substitution, that as many firstborn as there were in Israel in excess of the number of the Levites must be redeemed by the payment of five shekels for each one (Numbers 3:44-51)
Moses - After thus destroying their idol, he inflicted punishment on the idolaters themselves; for he summoned all that were on the Lord's side to attend him; and all the Levites having obeyed the call, he sent them, in the name of the Lord, to slay all the idolaters, from one end of the camp to the other, without favour or affection either to their neighbour or to their brother; and they slew about three thousand men. The ill success of the expedition against the Amalekites, according to Josephus, occasioned the rebellion of Korah, which broke out shortly after, against Moses and Aaron, with greater violence than any of the foregoing, under Korah, the ringleader, who drew into it Dathan and Abiram, the heads of the senior tribe of Reuben, and two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, among whom were even several of the Levites
Transportation And Travel - After the completion of the wilderness tabernacle, six covered wagons, each pulled by two oxen, were donated by the tribal leaders to the Levites to transport holy items along the line of march (1618533133_51 )
Ezekiel - ...
The city is three or four thousand square miles, including the holy portion for the prince, priests, and Levites, i
Genesis, Theology of - ...
Hebrews uses Genesis 14:17-20 to demonstrate the supremacy of Christ's priesthood (the order of Melchizedek) to that of the Levites, since Levi was in effect in the loins of Abraham when he gave the tithe to Melchizedek (7:1-10)
Lots - ’]'>[13] This accordingly was done in regard to the nine and a half tribes (Numbers 34:13, Joshua 14:2; Joshua 15:1; Joshua 16:1; Joshua 17:1; Joshua 17:4-17, Psalms 78:55), to the conquered land, to the land still unconquered after the first great effort (Joshua 18:6-11; Joshua 19:1-40), and at the death of Joshua (Joshua 13:6); also in regard to the towns for the Levites (Joshua 21:4, 1 Chronicles 6:54; Joshua 21:5, 1 Chronicles 6:61; Joshua 21:6, 1 Chronicles 6:62; 1 Chronicles 6:63; Joshua 21:8, 1 Chronicles 6:55)
Bible - It is certain, however, that the five books of Moses, called the Pentateuch, were collected into one body within a short time after his death; since Deuteronomy, which is, as it were, the abridgment and recapitulation of the other four, was laid in the tabernacle near the ark, according to the order which he gave to the Levites, Deuteronomy 31:24 . Kennicott, with better reason, supposes, that long before this time there were several copies of the law in Israel, during the separation of the ten tribes, and that there were some copies of it also among the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, particularly in the hands of the prophets, priests, and Levites; and that by the instruction and authority of these MSS, the various services in the temple were regulated, during the reigns of the good kings of Judah
Servant of the Lord - ’ Such fuller significance attaches to the phrase when prophets ( Amos 3:7 , 2 Kings 9:7 , Jeremiah 7:25 , and often) or priests and Levites ( Psalms 134:1 ) are specified as ‘the servant of Jahweh’; so also when particular individuals are thus described
Judges, Theology of - Israel will have judges (16:18-20), a system of courts (17:2-13), a king (17:14-20), priests and Levites (18:1-8), and a succession of prophets (18:9-22)
Baptism - " He submitted, as part of the righteousness He undertook to fulfill, to be consecrated to His ministry in His 30th year, the age at which the Levites began their ministry (Luke 3:23), by the last of the Old Testament prophets and the harbinger of the New Testament, His own forerunner
Ezra, the Book of - Details as to the priests and Levites characterize all three; for these were essential to the restoration of the theocracy, which was the primary object
Law - ...
The existing patriarchal authorities in the family and tribe are recognized, while the priests and Levites are appointed to take wholly the sacred functions and in part also the judicial ones
Heir Heritage Inheritance - Conversely, God is said to be the inheritance of the sons of Aaron or of the Levites (Numbers 18:20, Deuteronomy 10:9, etc
Jeroboam - Thus one sin entailed many others, and brought its own punishment; for the Levites, refusing to be priests of the calves, and the godly were alienated from him, and most emigrated to Judah (2 Chronicles 11:13-14; 2 Chronicles 11:16), strengthening Rehoboam
Joshua - ...
Six cities of refuge were appointed, 48 to the Levites; and the two and a half transjordanic tribes were dismissed home with blessings (Joshua 20-22)
Sacrifice And Offering - Numbers 8:11 ; Numbers 8:13 of the Levites, where the change from ‘offering’ (AV Economic Life - Yahweh's grant of the land was repaid (Numbers 18:21-32 ) through the payment of tithes to the Levites and through sacrifices
Hating, Hatred - ...
Westcott on Hebrews 7:3 quotes a striking passage from Philo which throws light on Luke 14:26; he describes the Levites as being in some sense ‘exiles who to do God’s pleasure had left parents and children and brethren and all their mortal kindred, and continues—ὀ γοῦν ἀρχηγετης τοῦ θιασου τούτου λέγων εἰσάγεται τῶ τατρὶ καὶ τῆ μητρί, Οὐχ ἑώρακα ὐμᾶς καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς οὐ γενώσκω καὶ τοῖς υἰοῖς ἁτογινώσκω ὑπὲρ τοῦ δίχα μεθολκῆς θεραπεύειν τὸ ὄν
Amen (2) - —In the Persian period Amen was in use as ‘the responsory of the people to the doxology of the Priests and the Levites’ (see Nehemiah 8:6, 1 Chronicles 16:36, Psalms 106:48)
Nehemiah - And because of all this, says Nehemiah, we make a sure covenant and write it out, and our princes, Levites, and priests all seal unto it, that we will not forsake nor forget the house of our God
Psalms - In these dialogue Psalms the persons are frequently the Psalmist himself, or the chorus of priests and Levites, or the leader of the Levitical band, opening the ode with a proem declarative of the subject, and very often closing the whole with a solemn admonition drawn from what the other persons say
Pentateuch - Genesis means “generation” or “origin”; Exodus means “going out”; Leviticus refers to the Levitical system; Numbers refers to the numbering of the tribes, Levites, and first born (Numbers 1-4 ,Numbers 1-4,26:1 ); and Deuteronomy means “second law” (Deuteronomy 17:18 )
Lots - ’]'>[13] This accordingly was done in regard to the nine and a half tribes (Numbers 34:13, Joshua 14:2; Joshua 15:1; Joshua 16:1; Joshua 17:1; Joshua 17:4-17, Psalms 78:55), to the conquered land, to the land still unconquered after the first great effort (Joshua 18:6-11; Joshua 19:1-40), and at the death of Joshua (Joshua 13:6); also in regard to the towns for the Levites (Joshua 21:4, 1 Chronicles 6:54; Joshua 21:5, 1 Chronicles 6:61; Joshua 21:6, 1 Chronicles 6:62; 1 Chronicles 6:63; Joshua 21:8, 1 Chronicles 6:55)
Passover (i.) - Meanwhile the ‘Hallel’ (Psalms 113-118) was recited, the Levites leading the song, the people repeating the first line of each Psalm and also three others of the closing Psalm, but otherwise responding ‘Hallelujah’ to each line
Talmud - ’ The first explanatory term applied by the Jews to the ‘Oral Law’ was midrash (‘investigation’), and the Bible itself witnesses to the way in which such investigations were made and expounded to the people: ‘Also Jeshua and Bani … and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law; and the people stood in their place
Tribes of Israel, the - See Levites ; Levitical Cities ; Priests
Temple - It only remains to add, that it appears, from several passages of Scripture, that the Jews had a body of soldiers who guarded the temple, to prevent any disturbances during the ministration of such an immense number of priests and Levites
Tabernacle - Since the tents of the Hebrew tribes, those of the priests and Levites, and the three divisions of the sanctuary court, holy place, and the holy of holies represent ascending degrees of holiness in the scheme of the Priestly writer, the appropriate order of study will be from without inwards, from the perimeter of the sanctuary to its centre
Poetry of the Hebrews - The Levites and singers, divided into their several courses, and accompanied with all their musical instruments, led the way
Dead Sea Scrolls - Next come the Levites, or elders
David - In consequence of the death of Uzzah (for it was a divine ordinance that only the Levites should handle the ark, Numbers 4 ), who had put forth his hand to steady the ark when the cart in which it was being conveyed shook by reason of the roughness of the road, David stayed the procession, and conveyed the ark into the house of Obed-edom, a Philistine from Gath
Kings, the Books of - But in Israel their agency was more continuous and prominent, because of the absence of Jehovah's ordinary ministers the priests and Levites, and because of the state idolatry of the calves, to which Ahab added Baal worship
Canon of the Old Testament - And our princes, our Levites, and our priests seal unto it’ ( Nehemiah 9:38 )
Synagogue - 1-2), and as a rule Aaronites first and Levites afterwards (Giṭṭîn, v
Jesus Christ, Name And Titles of - ...
In the Old Testament Israel's leaders—Abraham (Genesis 18:19 ), Moses and Aaron (Psalm 105:26 ; 106:23 ), priests and Levites (Deuteronomy 2:5 ), Saul (1 Samuel 10:24 ), David (1 Kings 8:16 ; 2 Chronicles 6:6 ; Psalm 89:3 ), and the Servant of the Lord (Isaiah 42:1 ; 43:10)— ;are said to be chosen by God
Jerusalem - At the disruption under Rehoboam the priests, Levites, and better disposed of the people flocked from the northern kingdom to Judah and Jerusalem which the king fortified (2 Chronicles 11:5-17)
Education in Bible Times - This instruction for vocational, technical, and professional service to society (and especially palace and temple) included military training, arts and crafts (smiths, artisans, weavers, potters), music, royal officials (scribes, historians, overseers), temple personnel (priests, Levites, gatekeepers, treasurers, judges), and domestic servants (midwives, cooks, bakers, perfumers)
Sanhedrin - , consisting of Levites, priests, and heads of the families, with two chief members-the high priest to decide the religious, the governor of Judah to decide the monarchical, matters-cannot be adduced as proof of the Mosaic origin of the Sanhedrin, as does D
Magi - the Levites among the Hebrews, SBE Ordination - Imposition of hands was used in dedicating sacrifices (Leviticus 1:4), and in setting apart Levites (Numbers 8:10)
Jews - Jaddua had notice of his approach, and, by the direction of God, went out of the city to meet him, dressed in his pontifical robes and attended by the Levites in white garments