What does Levi mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
לֵוִֽי the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 9
לֵוִ֑י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 9
לֵוִ֖י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 9
לֵוִ֔י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 8
λευὶ the third son of the patriarch Jacob by his wife Leah 5
הַלֵּוִ֔י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 5
לֵוִי֙ the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 5
הַלֵּוִ֖י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 2
λευὶν the son of Alphaeus 2
לֵוִ֛י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 2
וְלֵוִ֣י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 2
לֵוִי֩ the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
: לֵוִ֑י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
לְלֵוִ֛י the descendants of Levi 1
הַ֭לֵּוִי the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
לְלֵוִ֖י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
לֵוִ֜י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
הַלֵּוִ֗י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
וְלֵוִ֖י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
לֵוִי֮ the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
הַלֵּוִֽי the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
וְלֵוִ֜י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
λευὶς the son of Alphaeus 1
לֵוִ֣י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
וּלְלֵוִ֣י the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
וְלֵוִי֙ the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
לֵוִי֒ the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites. 1
לֵוִ֗י the descendants of Levi 1

Definitions Related to Levi

H3878


   1 the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah and progenitor of tribe of Levites.
   Additional Information: Levi = “joined to”.
   

H3881


   1 the descendants of Levi, the 3rd son of Jacob by Leah.
      1a the tribe descended from Levi specially set aside by God for His service.
      Additional Information: Levite = see Levi “joined to”.
      

G3017


   1 the third son of the patriarch Jacob by his wife Leah, the founder of the tribe of Israelites which bears his name.
   2 the son of Melchi, one of Christ’s ancestors.
   3 the son of Simeon, an ancestor of Christ.
   Additional Information: Levi = “joined”.
   

G3018


   1 the son of Alphaeus, a collector of customs.
   Additional Information: Levi = “joined”.
   

Frequency of Levi (original languages)

Frequency of Levi (English)

Dictionary

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Levi
(Hebrew: attached to)
Third son of Jacob, by Lia (Genesis 29). With his brother Simeon he cruelly avenged the humiliation of their sister Dina (Genesis 34), for which they were severely rebuked by Jacob (Genesis 34,49). Head of the tribe that was set apart for the service of the Lord (Jos., 21). See also: Levites.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Levi Ives
Convert, born Meriden, Connecticut, 1796; died New York, New York, 1867. As Protestant Episcopal Bishop of North Carolina, influenced by the Oxford Movement, he founded a religious community called the Brotherhood of the Holy Ghost, later dissolved by the convention of his church, which also cited Bishop Ives for teaching Catholic doctrines. In 1852 he went to Rome and made his submission to the pope. On his return he taught rhetoric at Saint Joseph's Seminary, New York, and established the Catholic Protectory, of which he was first president.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Ives, Levi Silliman
Convert, born Meriden, Connecticut, 1796; died New York, New York, 1867. As Protestant Episcopal Bishop of North Carolina, influenced by the Oxford Movement, he founded a religious community called the Brotherhood of the Holy Ghost, later dissolved by the convention of his church, which also cited Bishop Ives for teaching Catholic doctrines. In 1852 he went to Rome and made his submission to the pope. On his return he taught rhetoric at Saint Joseph's Seminary, New York, and established the Catholic Protectory, of which he was first president.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Levi
Adhesion.
The third son of Jacob by Leah. The origin of the name is found in Leah's words (Genesis 29:34 ), "This time will my husband be joined [1] unto me." He is mentioned as taking a prominent part in avenging his sister Dinah (Genesis 34:25-31 ). He and his three sons went down with Jacob (46:11) into Egypt, where he died at the age of one hundred and thirty-seven years (Exodus 6:16 ).
The father of Matthat, and son of Simeon, of the ancestors of Christ (Luke 3:29 ).
Luke 3:24 .
One of the apostles, the son of Alphaeus (Mark 2:14 ; Luke 5:27,29 ), called also Matthew (Matthew 9:9 ).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Levi
1. Jacob's third son by Leah, ("joined"), expressing her trust; "now will my husband be joined unto me, because I have borne him three sons" (Genesis 29:34). Levi joined Simeon in avenging their own full sister Dinah's wrong by treacherously slaying the Shechemites, and so incurred Jacob's curse. They made circumcision, which God gave as a pledge of His holy covenant, the instrument of hypocrisy and bloody revenge. Jacob's moral weakness, in reproaching his sons not with the treacherous murder but with exposing him to danger ("ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land"), is faithfully delineated (Genesis 34). On his death bed he took a less selfish and juster view of their deed (Genesis 49:5-7): "Simeon and Levi are brethren" in character as in birth, "instruments of wickedness are their swords (Hebrew). O my soul, come not thou into their secret" (deliberative council), renounce all fellowship with their act; "mine honour" (glory, my spirit, which is man's glory, the center of his personality framed in God's image);" for in their anger they slew a man and in their wantonness (Hebrew) houghed an ox."
In Genesis 34:28 it is merely said "they took their oxen." Genesis 49 brings out the additional fact that in cruel revenge they wantonly severed the hind foot tendons of the Shechemites' oxen. Simeon, as the one detained in Egypt, by Joseph, was probably the foremost of Levi's sons in the cruel attack on Rachel's son, and Levi probably joined him, though the spite began with the base born sons of Bilhah and Zilpah. The discipline made the sons, once so unfeeling towards Joseph, to become self sacrificing for Benjamin. As the two joined in crime, retributively they should be "divided and scattered" in Israel. Levi received no land inheritance but cities scattered through Israel (Joshua 21:1-40), and depended on tithes paid by the other tribes. The curse became subsequently a blessing to the nation by Levi's separation to divine service. But Jacob does not intimate this, a proof of the genuineness of his blessing as recorded in Genesis.
Moses subsequently speaks in very different language of Levi (Deuteronomy 33:8 ff), as was appropriate after Levi's accession to the priestly honour: "let Thy Right (thummim) and Thy Light (urim) be with Thy holy one (Levi, representing the whole tribe. The Urim and Thummim worn on the high priest's breast-plate were the pledge that Jehovah would always give His people 'light' to defend His 'right'; they should be given to Levi because he had defended Jehovah's right), whom Thou didst prove at Massah (Exodus 17:1-7, by the people's murmuring against Moses, Levi's representative, for water at the outset of the 40 years' wanderings) and with whom Thou didst strive at ... Meribah" (Numbers 20:1-13, at Kadesh, at the close of 40 years, the two comprehending the whole intermediate period). Jehovah "proved" Levi, and by the people's strivings "strove with" Levi (represented by Moses and Aaron.) Levi proved himself in the main (for Moses' failure, Numbers 20, and the Levite Korah's rebellion, Numbers 16, are graciously ignored) to be Jehovah's holy one.
Moses and Aaron's faithfulness, the Levites' drawing their swords against their Israelite brethren as God's avengers of the idolatry of the golden calf (Exodus 32:26-29), "slaying every man his brother ... companion ... neighbour ... son," where God's honour was at stake (Matthew 10:37; Matthew 19:29; Luke 14:26), and Phinehas' zeal against the idolaters and fornicators with the Moabite women (Numbers 25:11), gained God's approval and the choice of Levi as the priestly tribe (Deuteronomy 33:9-11). "Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him, neither did he acknowledge his brethren ... They shall teach Jacob Thy judgments and Israel Thy law (Leviticus 10:11), they shall present incense before Thee (in the holy place) and whole burnt offering upon Thine altar (in the court). Bless, Lord, his substance (rather his power) and accept the work of his hands. Smite through the lions (Psalms 69:23, the strength) of them that rise against Him," etc.; i.e., give him power for discharging duty, accept his service, and make his adversaries powerless. Levi died at the age of 137 (Exodus 6:16). (See LEVITES.)
2. Ancestors of Christ (Luke 3:24; Luke 3:29).
3. Son of Alphaeus; the original name of Matthew the publican and afterward the apostle (Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27; Luke 5:29; Matthew 9:9).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Levi
(lee' vi) Personal name meaning “a joining.” 1. Third son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 29:34 ) and original ancestor of Israel's priests. He is characterized in Scripture as savage and merciless, avenging the rape of his sister, Dinah, by annihilating the male population of an entire city (Genesis 34:25-31 ). Later, Jacob spoke harshly of Levi rather than blessing him (Genesis 49:5-7 ). The tribe which bears his name also is characterized as instruments of wrath. After the people of Israel sinned in the wilderness by making the molten calf, Moses commanded the people of Levi to slaughter those who had participated in the debacle (Exodus 32:28 ). Levi's descendants became a tribe of priests. See Luke 3:24 ,Luke 3:24,3:29 ). 3 . A tax collector in Capernaum who became a follower of Jesus (Mark 2:14 ). In the parallel account in the Gospel of Matthew the man's name is given as “Matthew” instead of “Levi” (Mark 9:9 ). The name of Levi appears in none of the lists of apostles.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Levi
LEVI. 1. The third son of Jacob by Leah ( Genesis 29:34 [1] ]). The genealogical story connects the name with the verb lâwâh , ‘to be joined,’ and P [2] ( Numbers 18:2 ; Numbers 18:4 ) playa upon the same word, saying to Aaron: ‘Bring the tribe of Levi … that it may be joined ( yillâwû ) unto thee.’ Many modern scholars hold to this improbable etymology of the name improbable, among other reasons, because, unlike other tribal names, it is not nominal, but adjectival. It is said to signify ‘the one who attaches himself.’ Accordingly ‘the Levites are those who attached themselves to the Semites who migrated back from the Delta, therefore, Egyptians’ (Lagarde, Or . ii. 20, Mitt . i. 54). Others say ‘those who were attached to the ark’ as priestly attendants. Still others make it a gentilic noun, and connect it with the South-Arabian lavi’u , (f. lavi’at ), ‘priest.’ Against this is the primitive use of ‘Levite’ as one of the tribe of Levi. The word is probably a gentilic from Leah (‘wild-cow’) as Wellh. ( Proleg . 146) suggests, and as Stade ( GVI [3] 152) asserts. If this be correct, and it has the greater probability in its favour, it points to early totem worship.
In the Blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49:5-7 ) we have one of the most important passages bearing upon the early history of this tribe and that of Simeon:
’Simeon and Levi are brethren;
Weapons of violence are their swords.
Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce;
And their wrath, for it was cruel;
I will divide them in Jacob,
And scatter them in Israel.’
From this passage it is abundantly evident that Levi was, like all the other Israelitish tribes, a purely secular organization. Simeon and Levi are both set forth as bloodthirsty characters, and there is not the slightest hint of Levi being a priestly caste. The treacherous act referred to, which was so serious a violation of tribal morals that it cost them the sympathy of the other tribes, is probably recorded in Genesis 34:1-31 in two different versions, the oldest of which is J [4] ’a. The other now interwoven with it is probably P [2] ’s enlargement of the original. According to the story, Shechem , the son of Hamor , became enamoured of Dinah, the sister of Simeon and Levi, and seduced her. He made an honourable arrangement to marry the girl and to discharge whatever obligations her family might impose upon him. Simeon and Levi took advantage of the Shechemites’ disability and slew them. Like other stories, though related in personal form, it is tribal in intention. It portrays early relations between the Israelites and the original inhabitants. The love of the Shechemite for the daughter of Jacob points to some sort of an alliance in which the right of connubium was acknowledged, and the act of Simeon and Levi was, therefore, a barbarous repudiation of the rights of their native allies. From Judges 9:1-57 it is clear that the sons of Hamor re-possessed themselves of the city, the other tribes having withheld their assistance, probably more from fear of Canaanite revenge than from any overwhelming moral detestation of the act. The result was fatal for the future of the tribes, at first more particularly for Levi, but later also for Simeon. So complete were the disastrous consequences to Levi at this time that the tribal independence was lost, and the members became absorbed by the other tribes, especially by Judah. There is no mention of Levi and Simeon in Judges 5:1-31 .
Some early connexion with Moses may have aided them in finding recognition about the sanctuaries in the early days. Then the altar did not call for a consecrated servitor; but, as we see in the case of Micah, who had a private sanctuary in Ephraim, there existed apparently a preference for a Levite (Judges 17:1-13 ). It is not absolutely clear from the reference here that ‘Levite’ is equal to ‘priest,’ as is commonly held. This would imply that by this time all Levites were priests. ‘Filling up of the hand’ (translated ‘consecrated’ in Judges 17:6 ; Judges 17:12 ) may refer to a ceremony of induction into the priestly office, the principal act of which was the solemn placing of the god (or other religious symbol) in the hands of the future officiant at the shrine. It is the phrase used by the Assyrian kings when they speak of the gods bestowing upon them the kingship. It is the phrase which became the terminus technicus for consecration to the priesthood, and there is no reason for giving a different meaning to it here. In Judges 3:1-31 ; Judges 4:1-24 ; Judges 5:1-31 ; Judges 6:1-40 ; Judges 7:1-25 ; Judges 8:1-35 ; Judges 9:1-57 ; Judges 10:1-18 ; Judges 11:1-40 ; Judges 12:1-15 ; Judges 13:1-25 ; Judges 14:1-20 ; Judges 15:1-20 ; Judges 16:1-31 there is no mention of a priest. For the altar-service alone priests were not necessary, as we see in the case of Gideon and Manoah. The fact that the word ‘ levite ’ became synonymous with ‘priest’ indicates that the priesthood drew heavily from the tribe. It is not the only time that worldly misfortune has contributed to religion. See also Priests and Levites, Tribes of Israel.
2 . See Matthew 3:4 . Two ancestors of Jesus ( Luke 3:24 ; Luke 3:29 ).
James A. Craig.
Chabad Knowledge Base - R. Levi yitzchak of berdtichev
1740-1809, Chassidic leader, one of the foremost disciples of the Maggid of Mezritch; renowned for his all-encompassing love and compassion for the Jewish people and for every individual Jew
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Levi (2)
LEVI.—1. The name occurs twice in our Lord’s genealogy (Luke 3:24; Luke 3:29). 2. See Levites and Priest. 3. See Matthew.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Levi
See Tribes, Priest, Aaron.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Levi
The third son of Jacob and Leah—from whence sprung the Levites. The name of Levi, it should seem to have meant, one that is tied, perhaps in reference to the office afterwards to be attached to the Levites. The personal character of Jacob's son Levi, occasioned the dying patriarch to speak with displeasure concerning him. (See Genesis 49:5-7) And the prediction of this tribe being divided in Jacob, and scattered in Israel, was literally fulfilled; for we find in the settlement in Canaan, the sons of Levi had no share in the division of the land, but only certain cities among the other tribes. Yet the Lord was graciously pleased to choose this tribe for his own more immediate service, and placed this, highly honourable and distinguished mark upon it: At that time the Lord separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the Lord to stand before the Lord to minister unto him, and to bless in his name unto this day: wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, according as the Lord thy God promised him. (Deuteronomy 10:8-9)
The services of the Levites, seem to have been a constant, ministration in the temple. We have the account, Num 3They were subordinate to the priests, and their consecration to their offices was not with so much ceremony, (see Numbers 7:5-7) nevertheless they were all of one tribe, (see 2 Chronicles 29:34) Their provision was noble. (Numbers 35:1-34)
I cannot close this article without desiring the reader to take notice with me of the blessing of Moses, the man of God, wherewith, amidst the blessings he pronounced in the Lord's name on the children of Israel before his death, he distinguished Levi. (See Deuteronomy 33:8) "And of Levi he said, let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah; who said unto his father and unto his mother, I have not seen him, neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children; for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant. They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law; they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, Lord, his substance, and accept the work of his hands: smite through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again."
Surely with an eye to Christ (though our Lord sprang out of Judah, and not Levi, Hebrews 7:14) did Moses here, by the spirit of prophecy, declare, that the Urim and the Thummim, that is, lights and perfections, should be with JEHOVAH'S Holy One. The waters of Meribah was that memorable spot where the people, soon after the children of Israel came out of Egypt, did chide with Moses and Aaron for want of water. (See Exodus 17:1-7) Here Moses and Aaron stemmed the torrent of the people's anger; and it should seem to have been in allusion to this, that the man of God, speaking of Levi, said, "whom thou didst prove, and didst find faithful," who did not acknowledge the feelings of nature when those calls of grace demanded faithfulness. See another instance, (Exodus 32:25-28) The other instance at Meribah, sets forth the frailty both of Moses and Aaron: (see Numbers 20:1-13) But by taking into one view both instances at Meribah, we are certainly constrained to look farther than to the Aarons, or to all the sons of Levi, under the Old Testament dispensation, for the accomplishment of Moses's dying prediction that the Urim and Thummim of JEHOVAH might be with the Lord's Holy One; and to none can we make the smallest application, but to the Almighty Aaron of "a better covenant, established upon better promises." Levi and his sons were all types of our Lord Jesus, JEHOVAH'S Holy One. With him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; and with him only could the Urim and Thummim be said to be, and with him to be for ever; for though the high priest wore on his breast the representations of the Urim and the Thummim, yet during the Babylonish captivity all this was done away, and never after was it restored under the second temple. Hence, therefore, in Christ alone could this be found, and him alone could Moses mean. The prophecy therefore, had a blessed fulfilment in Jesus, and in him for ever. Here, reader, is brought the pure incense, and that whole burnt sacrifice, Christ Jesus upon JEHOVAH'S altar; even Christ himself, who is both the New Testament altar of JEHOVAH, the high priest, and the sacrifice. O Lord! may we well say, in making our responses to the prayer of Moses, Bless, Lord, our Lord Jesus, the sum and substance of all salvation: accept the work of his hands the infinite merit of his whole redemption work! Let sin, Satan, death, and hell, be smitten all of them through the centre, the very loins of their rebellion, and let all that hate our Jesus flee before him! Amen.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Levi
Associated with him
Chabad Knowledge Base - Levi
(a) (1567-1429 BCE) Third son of Jacob and Leah, third of the Twelve Tribes. He and his brother Simeon destroyed the city of Shechem in retaliation for their sister Dinah’s abduction and violation. Ancestor of the priestly tribe of Levi. (b) A common Jewish name.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Levi
1. The third son of Jacob and Leah. Genesis 29:34 . Very little is recorded of Levi: he joined with Simeon in the treacherous and vindictive dealings with Shechem. Genesis 34:25-31 . When Jacob blessed his sons, a curse was pronounced on their cruelty, and it is added "I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel." The above illustrates the righteous government of God, which is in no way set aside by the reward of after faithful conduct, which caused this tribe to be chosen for the Levitical service and the priesthood: cf. Malachi 2:4,6 . It was sovereign grace. For the blessings on Levi's descendants by Moses, see Deuteronomy 33:8-11 . His three sons, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari were heads of the three branches of the LEVITES, q.v.
2. Another name of MATTHEW the apostle. Mark 2:14 ; Luke 5:27,29 .
3,4. Son of Melchi, and son of Simeon, in the genealogy of the Lord Jesus. Luke 3:24,29,30 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Levi
Levi (lç'vî), a joining. 1. The third son of Jacob by Leah, who gave him his name as trusting that her husband would, now that she had borne him three sons, be joined in affection with her. Matthew 4:1-254. Levi, with his brother Simeon, took the lead in the dreadful vengeance inflicted upon the Shechemites for the defilement of their sister Dinah. Genesis 34:25-31. Jacob viewed their conduct with abhorrence, and, before his death, while prophetically describing the future fortunes of his sons and their posterity, uttered a solemn denunciation upon Simeon and Levi. Genesis 49:5-7. This appears to have come upon Simeon; but the holy zeal of the Levites on occasion of the golden calf procured them a remarkable blessing and distinction. Exodus 32:26-29. Levi had three sons, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, the heads of the families of the tribe. He died in Egypt at the age of 137. Exodus 6:16. See Levites. 2. The same as Matthew. Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27. See Matthew 3:1-17; 1618106976_39. Two of our Lord's ancestors. Luke 3:24; Luke 3:29.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Levi
1. The third son of Jacob and Leah, born in Mesopotamia; and father of three sons, and of Jochebed the mother of Moses, Genesis 29:34 Exodus 6:16-20 . For his share in the treacherous massacre of the Shechemites, Genesis 34:1-31 , his father at death foreboded evil to his posterity, Genesis 49:5-7 ; but as they afterwards stood forth on the Lord's side, Moses was charged to bless them, Exodus 32:26-29 Deuteronomy 33:8-11 . The tribe of Levi was, according to Jacob's prediction, scattered over all Israel, having no share in the cities in the portions of other tribes. All the tithes, first fruits, and offerings, presented at the temple, as well as several parts of all the victims that were offered belonged to the tribe of Levi. See LEVITES .
2. The apostle Matthew was also called Levi. See MATTHEW .
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Levi
Levi, the third son of Jacob, had a ruthless zeal in fighting against what he thought was wrong, and this characteristic passed on to his descendants (Genesis 29:31-34; Genesis 34:25-26; Exodus 32:26-28). Jacob announced that because of his son’s violence, the descendants of Levi would be scattered in Israel (Genesis 49:5-7); but because of their zeal against idolatry in the time of Moses, God made their scattering honourable. The people of Levi’s tribe became God’s special servants throughout the nation. Although they had no tribal territory of their own, they were given cities in all the tribal territories (Exodus 32:28-29; Numbers 35:2; Numbers 35:8; Deuteronomy 33:8-10; see LEVITE).
One of Jesus’ chosen twelve apostles had the name Levi, though he had an alternative name, Matthew (Matthew 9:9; Matthew 10:3; Mark 2:14; Luke 6:15; see MATTHEW).

Sentence search

Levite - from Levi, one the sons of Jacob. ...
One of the tribe or family of Levi a descendant of Levi more particularly, an officer in the Jewish church, who was employed in manual service, as in bringing wood and other necessaries for the sacrifices. The Levites also sung and played on instruments of music. They were subordinate to the priests, the descendants of Aaron, who was also of the family of Levi
Matthat - Son of Levi, and son of another Levi, in the genealogy of the Lord Jesus
Matthat -
The son of Levi, and father of Heli (Luke 3:24 ). ...
...
Son of another Levi (Luke 3:29 )
Porters - See Levi, and Levites
Levites - LeviTES. See Levi, and Priests and Levites
Levite - A member of the priestly tribe of Levi
Levites - The: A member of the priestly tribe of Levi
Kohath - Son of Levi, Genesis 46:11 signifies congregation, from Karah
Ethni - Son of Zerah, a descendant of Levi
Levites - The descendants of Levi, the third son of Jacob by Lia. The whole tribe of Levi by the command of God was set apart for the service of the sanctuary. Therefore in the apportionment of the land of Chanaan, the tribe of Levi received no tribal territory (Jos. As most of their duties required a man's full strength, the Levites usually entered active service at 30. At the exodus from Egypt the male descendants of Levi from a month old and upward numbered 22,000. In the journey through the wilderness the number of the Levites from 30 years up to 50 years, the year of superannuation, was 8580 (Numbers 4)
Levi - Later, Jacob spoke harshly of Levi rather than blessing him (Genesis 49:5-7 ). After the people of Israel sinned in the wilderness by making the molten calf, Moses commanded the people of Levi to slaughter those who had participated in the debacle (Exodus 32:28 ). Levi's descendants became a tribe of priests. In the parallel account in the Gospel of Matthew the man's name is given as “Matthew” instead of “Levi” (Mark 9:9 ). The name of Levi appears in none of the lists of apostles
Kohath - The second son of Levi (Genesis 46:11 ) and father of Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel (Exodus 6:18 ) who became the heads of the Kohathite branch of the Levitical priesthood. Kohath went to Egypt with Levi (his father) and Jacob (his grandfather) (Genesis 46:11 ), had a sister named Jochebed (Exodus 6:20 ), and died at the age of 133 (Exodus 6:18 )
Levite - ) One of the tribe or family of Levi; a descendant of Levi; esp
el'Zaphan - (whom God protects ), second son of Uzziel, who was the son of Kohath son of Levi
Levi - Levi (lç'vî), a joining. Levi, with his brother Simeon, took the lead in the dreadful vengeance inflicted upon the Shechemites for the defilement of their sister Dinah. Jacob viewed their conduct with abhorrence, and, before his death, while prophetically describing the future fortunes of his sons and their posterity, uttered a solemn denunciation upon Simeon and Levi. This appears to have come upon Simeon; but the holy zeal of the Levites on occasion of the golden calf procured them a remarkable blessing and distinction. Levi had three sons, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, the heads of the families of the tribe. See Levites
Libni - White, one of the two sons of Gershon, the son of Levi (Exodus 6:17 ; Numbers 3:18,21 )
Amram - Grandson of Levi; husband of Jochebed; father of Miriam, Aaron and Moses
Sithri - ” A son of Uzziel in the genealogy of Levi (Exodus 6:22 ; “Zithri” KJV)
Levi (2) - LEVI. See Levites and Priest
Gershon - ” Eldest son of Levi (Genesis 46:11 ). See Gershom ; Levi ; Priests and Levites
Levi - The tribe of Levi was, according to Jacob's prediction, scattered over all Israel, having no share in the cities in the portions of other tribes. All the tithes, first fruits, and offerings, presented at the temple, as well as several parts of all the victims that were offered belonged to the tribe of Levi. See LeviTES . The apostle Matthew was also called Levi
am'Ramites - A branch of the great Kohathite family of the tribe of Levi, (Numbers 3:27 ; 1 Chronicles 26:23 ) descended from Amram, the father of Moses
Dinah - Judged; vindicated, daughter of Jacob by Leah, and sister of Simeon and Levi (Genesis 30:21 ). This led to the terrible revenge of Simeon and Levi in putting the Shechemites to death (Genesis 34 )
Dinah - Abducted and violated by Shechem the son Hamor, and rescued by her brothers Simeon and Levi
Laadan - Descendant of Gershon the son of Levi
Levi - Levi, the third son of Jacob, had a ruthless zeal in fighting against what he thought was wrong, and this characteristic passed on to his descendants (Genesis 29:31-34; Genesis 34:25-26; Exodus 32:26-28). Jacob announced that because of his son’s violence, the descendants of Levi would be scattered in Israel (Genesis 49:5-7); but because of their zeal against idolatry in the time of Moses, God made their scattering honourable. The people of Levi’s tribe became God’s special servants throughout the nation. Although they had no tribal territory of their own, they were given cities in all the tribal territories (Exodus 32:28-29; Numbers 35:2; Numbers 35:8; Deuteronomy 33:8-10; see LeviTE). ...
One of Jesus’ chosen twelve apostles had the name Levi, though he had an alternative name, Matthew (Matthew 9:9; Matthew 10:3; Mark 2:14; Luke 6:15; see MATTHEW)
Levi - Levi joined Simeon in avenging their own full sister Dinah's wrong by treacherously slaying the Shechemites, and so incurred Jacob's curse. On his death bed he took a less selfish and juster view of their deed (Genesis 49:5-7): "Simeon and Levi are brethren" in character as in birth, "instruments of wickedness are their swords (Hebrew). Simeon, as the one detained in Egypt, by Joseph, was probably the foremost of Levi's sons in the cruel attack on Rachel's son, and Levi probably joined him, though the spite began with the base born sons of Bilhah and Zilpah. Levi received no land inheritance but cities scattered through Israel (Joshua 21:1-40), and depended on tithes paid by the other tribes. The curse became subsequently a blessing to the nation by Levi's separation to divine service. ...
Moses subsequently speaks in very different language of Levi (Deuteronomy 33:8 ff), as was appropriate after Levi's accession to the priestly honour: "let Thy Right (thummim) and Thy Light (urim) be with Thy holy one (Levi, representing the whole tribe. The Urim and Thummim worn on the high priest's breast-plate were the pledge that Jehovah would always give His people 'light' to defend His 'right'; they should be given to Levi because he had defended Jehovah's right), whom Thou didst prove at Massah (Exodus 17:1-7, by the people's murmuring against Moses, Levi's representative, for water at the outset of the 40 years' wanderings) and with whom Thou didst strive at . Jehovah "proved" Levi, and by the people's strivings "strove with" Levi (represented by Moses and Aaron. ) Levi proved himself in the main (for Moses' failure, Numbers 20, and the Levite Korah's rebellion, Numbers 16, are graciously ignored) to be Jehovah's holy one. ...
Moses and Aaron's faithfulness, the Levites' drawing their swords against their Israelite brethren as God's avengers of the idolatry of the golden calf (Exodus 32:26-29), "slaying every man his brother . son," where God's honour was at stake (Matthew 10:37; Matthew 19:29; Luke 14:26), and Phinehas' zeal against the idolaters and fornicators with the Moabite women (Numbers 25:11), gained God's approval and the choice of Levi as the priestly tribe (Deuteronomy 33:9-11). They shall teach Jacob Thy judgments and Israel Thy law (Leviticus 10:11), they shall present incense before Thee (in the holy place) and whole burnt offering upon Thine altar (in the court). Levi died at the age of 137 (Exodus 6:16). (See LeviTES
Libni - Son of Gershon, the son of Levi
ko'Hath - (assembly ), second of the three sons of Levi, from whom the three principal divisions of the Levites derived their origin and their name. Of the personal history of Kohath we know nothing, except that he came down to Egypt with Levi and Jacob, (Genesis 46:11 ) that his sister was Jochebed, (Exodus 6:20 ) and that he lived to the age of 133 years
Jochebed - But Jochebed could not be strictly daughter of Levi, for three centuries must have intervened between Levi's death and Moses' birth. Amram and Jochebed were descendants of Levi, seven or eight generations removed. In Moses' time the Kohathites, from Kohath Levi's son, were divided into four branches, Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, amounting to 8,600 males, of whom the Amramites were 2,000
Mat'That -
son of Levi, in the genealogy of Christ
le'vi - " ( Genesis 29:34 ) Levi, with his brother Simeon, avenged with a cruel slaughter the outrage of their sister Dinah. [1] Levi, with his three sons, Gershon, Kohath and Merari, went down to Egypt with his father Jacob. (Genesis 47:11 ) When Jacob's death draws near, and the sons are gathered round him, Levi and Simeon hear the old crime brought up again to receive its sentence. (Genesis 49:5-7 ) [2] ...
Two of the ancestors of Jesus
Israelite - (b) A Jew not descending from the tribe of Levi
Alphaeus - Father of Levi (or Matthew) the apostle
Matithi'ah -
A Levite who presided over the offerings made in the pans. Levi 6:20 (Levi 6:12 ) etc. ...
One of the Levites appointed by David to minister before the ark in the musical service, (1 Chronicles 16:5 ) "with harps upon Sheminith," comp
Shubael - Son of Amram, a descendant of Levi
Jochebed - She was a daughter of Levi, and her husband's aunt, Exodus 6:20 , though such marriages were afterwards prohibited, Leviticus 18:12
Levi - Levi. ]'>[2] ( Numbers 18:2 ; Numbers 18:4 ) playa upon the same word, saying to Aaron: ‘Bring the tribe of Levi … that it may be joined ( yillâwû ) unto thee. ’ Accordingly ‘the Levites are those who attached themselves to the Semites who migrated back from the Delta, therefore, Egyptians’ (Lagarde, Or . ’ Against this is the primitive use of ‘Levite’ as one of the tribe of Levi. ...
In the Blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49:5-7 ) we have one of the most important passages bearing upon the early history of this tribe and that of Simeon:...
’Simeon and Levi are brethren;...
Weapons of violence are their swords. ’...
From this passage it is abundantly evident that Levi was, like all the other Israelitish tribes, a purely secular organization. Simeon and Levi are both set forth as bloodthirsty characters, and there is not the slightest hint of Levi being a priestly caste. According to the story, Shechem , the son of Hamor , became enamoured of Dinah, the sister of Simeon and Levi, and seduced her. Simeon and Levi took advantage of the Shechemites’ disability and slew them. The love of the Shechemite for the daughter of Jacob points to some sort of an alliance in which the right of connubium was acknowledged, and the act of Simeon and Levi was, therefore, a barbarous repudiation of the rights of their native allies. The result was fatal for the future of the tribes, at first more particularly for Levi, but later also for Simeon. So complete were the disastrous consequences to Levi at this time that the tribal independence was lost, and the members became absorbed by the other tribes, especially by Judah. There is no mention of Levi and Simeon in Judges 5:1-31 . Then the altar did not call for a consecrated servitor; but, as we see in the case of Micah, who had a private sanctuary in Ephraim, there existed apparently a preference for a Levite (Judges 17:1-13 ). It is not absolutely clear from the reference here that ‘Levite’ is equal to ‘priest,’ as is commonly held. This would imply that by this time all Levites were priests. The fact that the word ‘ Levite ’ became synonymous with ‘priest’ indicates that the priesthood drew heavily from the tribe. See also Priests and Levites, Tribes of Israel
Simeon - He and his brother Levi destroyed the city of Shechem in retaliation for their sister Dinah?s abduction and violation
Dinah - Daughter of Jacob and Leah: defiled by Shechem, son of the chieftain Hamor, which led to the massacre of the Shechemites through the craftiness and cruelty of Simeon and Levi
Mah'li -
Son of Merari, the son of Levi and ancestor of the family of the Mahlites
Levitical - LeviT'ICAL, a. Belong to the Levites, or descendants of Levi as the Levitical law, the law given by Moses, which prescribed the duties and rights of the priests and Levites, and regulated the and religious concerns of the Jews
Lia - (Hebrew: weary) ...
Elder daughter of Laban, married by stratagem to Jacob who had no love for her (Genesis 29); mother of Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Juda, Issachar, Zabulon, and Dina (Genesis 29,30)
Leah - (Hebrew: weary) ...
Elder daughter of Laban, married by stratagem to Jacob who had no love for her (Genesis 29); mother of Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Juda, Issachar, Zabulon, and Dina (Genesis 29,30)
Levi - Ancestor of the priestly tribe of Levi
Levi - The third son of Jacob and Leah—from whence sprung the Levites. The name of Levi, it should seem to have meant, one that is tied, perhaps in reference to the office afterwards to be attached to the Levites. The personal character of Jacob's son Levi, occasioned the dying patriarch to speak with displeasure concerning him. (See Genesis 49:5-7) And the prediction of this tribe being divided in Jacob, and scattered in Israel, was literally fulfilled; for we find in the settlement in Canaan, the sons of Levi had no share in the division of the land, but only certain cities among the other tribes. Yet the Lord was graciously pleased to choose this tribe for his own more immediate service, and placed this, highly honourable and distinguished mark upon it: At that time the Lord separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the Lord to stand before the Lord to minister unto him, and to bless in his name unto this day: wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, according as the Lord thy God promised him. (Deuteronomy 10:8-9)...
The services of the Levites, seem to have been a constant, ministration in the temple. (Numbers 35:1-34)...
I cannot close this article without desiring the reader to take notice with me of the blessing of Moses, the man of God, wherewith, amidst the blessings he pronounced in the Lord's name on the children of Israel before his death, he distinguished Levi. (See Deuteronomy 33:8) "And of Levi he said, let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah; who said unto his father and unto his mother, I have not seen him, neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children; for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant. "...
Surely with an eye to Christ (though our Lord sprang out of Judah, and not Levi, Hebrews 7:14) did Moses here, by the spirit of prophecy, declare, that the Urim and the Thummim, that is, lights and perfections, should be with JEHOVAH'S Holy One. (See Exodus 17:1-7) Here Moses and Aaron stemmed the torrent of the people's anger; and it should seem to have been in allusion to this, that the man of God, speaking of Levi, said, "whom thou didst prove, and didst find faithful," who did not acknowledge the feelings of nature when those calls of grace demanded faithfulness. See another instance, (Exodus 32:25-28) The other instance at Meribah, sets forth the frailty both of Moses and Aaron: (see Numbers 20:1-13) But by taking into one view both instances at Meribah, we are certainly constrained to look farther than to the Aarons, or to all the sons of Levi, under the Old Testament dispensation, for the accomplishment of Moses's dying prediction that the Urim and Thummim of JEHOVAH might be with the Lord's Holy One; and to none can we make the smallest application, but to the Almighty Aaron of "a better covenant, established upon better promises. " Levi and his sons were all types of our Lord Jesus, JEHOVAH'S Holy One
Amariah - Son of Meraioth of the tribe of Levi. Son of Azariah of the tribe of Levi. One of the Levites in the time of Hezekiah
Merari - Sad; bitter, the youngest son of Levi, born before the descent of Jacob into Egypt, and one of the seventy who accompanied him thither (Genesis 46:11 ; Exodus 6:16 ). He became the head of one of the great divisions of the Levites (Exodus 6:19 )
Ahiman - A porter, of the children of Levi
Ger'Shonites, the, - the family descended from Gershon or Gershom, the son of Levi
Alphaeus - ...
...
The father of Levi, or Matthew (Mark 2:14 )
Ahlab - More recently Gush Chaleb, or Giscala, whence came John, son of Levi, leader in the siege of Jerusalem; said to be the birthplace of Paul's parents
Leah - Mother of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulon, and Dinah
Jochebed - She was a member of the tribe of Levi
Uzza - Descendant of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:29 )
Jochebed - ]'>[1] , in narrating the birth of Moses, speaks of his mother as a daughter of Levi, but does not give her name ( Exodus 2:1 )
Uzza - Descendant of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:29 )
Kish - (Esther 2:5 ) ...
A Merarite of the house of Mahli, of the tribe of Levi
Alphaeus - The father of the apostle Levi (Mark 2:14 ). Comparison of Matthew 9:9 and Luke 5:27 would indicate Levi was also called Matthew
Dinah - Simeon and Levi, her brothers, took revenge by killing the male residents of the city of Shechem
Jahath - A great-grandson of Levi ( 1 Chronicles 6:20 ; 1 Chronicles 6:43 ). A Merarite Levite in the time of Josiah ( 2 Chronicles 34:12 )
Gershom - Eldest son of Levi, 1 Chronicles 6:16-71 ; 1 Chronicles 15:7 ; but elsewhere named GERSHON
iz'Har - (oil ), son of Kohath grandson of Levi, uncle of Aaron and Moses and father of Korah
Ger'Shon - The eldest of the three sons of Levi, born before the descent of Jacob's family into Egypt
Tal'Mon - (oppressor ), the head of a family of door-keepers in the temple, "the porters for the camps of the sons: of Levi
Jahath - Son of Shelomoth, a descendant of Levi
Jochebed - 1523 BCE) Daughter of Levi; wife of Amram; mother of Miriam, Aaron, and Moses
Dinah - The daughter of Jacob by Leah, and sister of Simeon and Levi, according to Genesis 30:21 . The marriage took place, and afterwards her full brothers, Simeon and Levi, slew Shechem and took Dinah out of his house. The words ‘two of’ and ‘Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brethren’ in Genesis 34:25 are interpolated (cf. Simeon and Levi are tribes. Dinah was perhaps a small Israelite clan, according to the traditions closely related to Simeon and Levi; according to the name, possibly more closely to Dan. Simeon and Levi, by a wilily plotted and unexpected attack, hoped to effect its deliverance
Hamor - His son Shechem founded the city of that name which Simeon and Levi destroyed because of his crime in the matter of Dinah, Jacob's daughter (Genesis 34:20 )
Amram - "
The son of Kohath, the son of Levi
Amminadab - ...
...
A son of Kohath, the second son of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:22 ), called also Izhar (2,18). ...
...
Chief of the 112 descendants of Uzziel the Levite (1 Chronicles 15:10,11 )
Self-Willed - Jacob rebuked Simeon and Levi for wanton, undisciplined actions (Genesis 49:6 )
Ger'Shom - ) ...
The form under which the name GERSHON --the eldest son of Levi--is given in several passages of Chronicles, viz
Alphaeus - The father of Levi the tax-gatherer ( Mark 2:14 ), afterwards Matthew the Apostle and Evangelist ( Matthew 9:9 ; Matthew 10:3 ). It is remarkable that in Mark 2:14 Codex Bezæ and some cursives read James for Levi , and there is a tradition (Chrysost. It is perhaps possible that Alphæus the father of James was identical with Alphæus the father of Levi, and that the two tax-gatherer Apostles were brothers
Ethan - He was of the tribe of Levi. ...
...
A Levite of the family of Merari, one of the leaders of the temple music (1 Chronicles 6:44 ; 15:17,19 )
Hamor - He with Shechem and all the males of the city were slain with the sword by Simeon and Levi in vindication of their sister Dinah
Gershon - The eldest son of Levi, and head of one of the three branches of the Levitical tribe, Genesis 46:11 ; Exodus 6:16
Korah, Dathan, Abiram - 17) describes a revolt of Korah, at the head of 250 princes of the congregation, against Moses and Aaron , in the interests of the people al large as against the tribe of Levi . , Numbers 16:36-40 ) represents Korah at the head of 250 Levites , opposing, in the interests of the tribe of Levi, the monopoly of the priesthood claimed by Aaron. These last two narratives are memorials of the struggles that took place, and the various stages that were passed through, before the prerogatives of Levi were admitted by the other tribes, and those of the house of Aaron by the other Levitical families
Alphaeus - Father of Matthew, or Levi, the evangelist, Mark 2:14
Dinah - The history of her visiting the daughters of the heathen inhabitants of the land, of her defilement by Shechem, and of the treacherous and bloody revenge taken by her brothers Simeon and Levi, are recorded in Genesis 34:1-31
Amram - A Levite, son of Kohath and grandson of Levi ( Num 3:17-19 , 1 Chronicles 6:2-3 ; 1 Chronicles 6:18 )
Lib'ni -
The eldest son of Gershon the son of Levi, (Exodus 6:17 ; Numbers 3:18 ; 1 Chronicles 6:17,20 ) and ancestor of the family of the Libnites
Leah - She was 'tender eyed,' and not as beautiful as Rachel; but she was blessed of God in bearing to Jacob six sons and one daughter, and was thus the mother of the heads of the important tribes of Reuben, Levi, and Judah, as well as of Simeon, Issachar, and Zebulun
ja'Hath -
Son of Libni, the son of Gershom, the son of Levi. ...
A Levite, son of Shelomoth. (1 Chronicles 24:22 ) ...
A Merarite Levite in the reign of Josiah
Tribes, the Twelve - After Levi was separated for the priesthood, the number twelve was maintained by Ephraim and Manasseh being mentioned instead of Joseph. In Revelation 7 , where the tribes are sealed for blessing, Dan is omitted, as being a type of Antichrist: Ephraim is also omitted, the number being made up by inserting Levi and by Joseph being mentioned as well as Manasseh. 4 Judah...
2 Simeon 2 Simeon 2 Simeon 4 Judah 7 Gad 8 Asher 1 Reuben...
3 Levi 3 Levi 4 Judah 3 Levi 11a Manasseh 6 Naphtali 7 Gad...
4 Judah 4 Judah 9 Issachar 12 Benjamin 4 Judah 11a Manasseh 8 Asher...
5 Dan 10 Zebulun 10 Zebulun 11b Ephraim 11b Ephraim 11b Ephraim 6 Naphtali...
6 Naphtali 9 Issachar 11b Ephraim 11a Manasseh 12 Benjamin 1 Reuben 11a Manasseh...
7 Gad 5 Dan 11a Manasseh 10 Zebulun 2 Simeon 4 Judah 2 Simeon...
8 Asher 7 Gad 12 Benjamin 9 Issachar 10 Zebulun 12 Benjamin 3 Levi...
9 Issachar 8 Asher 5 Dan 7 Gad 9 Issachar 2 Simeon 9 Issachar...
10 Zebulun 6 Naphtali 8 Asher 5 Dan 8 Asher 9 Issachar 10 Zebulun...
11Joseph 11 Joseph 7 Gad 6 Naphtali 6 Naphtali 10 Zebulun 11 Joseph...
12 Benjamin 12 Benjamin 6 Naphtali 8 Asher 5 Dan 7 Gad 12 Benjamin...
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Jahath - Great grandson of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:20 ; compare 1 Chronicles 6:43 ). A leader of the Levites in time of David (1 Chronicles 23:10-11 ). Levite in the line of Eliezer in the clan of Izhar (1 Chronicles 24:22 ). Levite verseer of Temple repair under King Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:12 )
Consecration - The race of Abraham and the tribe of Levi were thus consecrated (Exodus 13:2,12,15 ; Numbers 3:12 ). The Hebrews devoted their fields and cattle, and sometimes the spoils of war, to the Lord (Leviticus 27:28,29 )
Ethan - This Ethan, and Ethan son of Kishi, of the tribe of Levi, and of the family of Merari, are the same person, 1 Chronicles 6:44
Dinah - While the family were sojourning near Shalem, she heedlessly associated with the Canaanitish maidens, and fell a victim to the seductive arts of Shechem, a young prince of the land; but was perfidiously and savagely avenged by Simeon and Levi, her full brothers, to the great grief of Jacob their father, Genesis 34:1-31 49:5,7
Hamor - Hamor and Shechem were killed by Simeon and Levi in an act of revenge for the outrage committed against Dinah (Genesis 34:25-26 )
Leviticus - The third Book of the Bible, named from its contents, as it deals exclusively with the service of God and the religious ceremonies of the Old Testament as carried out by the members of the tribe of Levi, both priests and Levites
Zuph - Levitic ancestor of Elkanah and Samuel (1 Samuel 1:1 ; 1Chronicles 6:16,1Chronicles 6:26,1 Chronicles 6:35 ) from Ephraim. He is called a Levite in another passage (see 1Chronicles 6:16,1Chronicles 6:26,1 Chronicles 6:35 ). Others argue that late sources incorporated Samuel into the tribe of Levi because he performed priestly duties
Matthew - He is called Levi in Mark 2:14 ; Luke 5:27,29
Uzziel - Descendant of Levi (Exodus 6:18 ; Numbers 3:19 ; 1Chronicles 6:2,1 Chronicles 6:18 ) and ancestor of a subdivision of Levites, the Uzzielites (Numbers 3:27 ; 1 Chronicles 15:10 ; 1 Chronicles 26:23 ). Levitical musician (1 Chronicles 25:4 ). Levite involved in Hezekiah's reform (2 Chronicles 29:14 )
Each - Numbers 1 ...
Simeon and Levi took each man his sword
Matthew (Apostle) - ) and ‘ Levi ’ (Mk. ’ It was doubtless given to Levi as an additional name, perhaps (like ‘Peter’) by our Lord Himself. In all these the surname ‘Matthew’ is given, not ‘Levi,’ just as ‘Bartholomew’ and ‘Thomas’ are surnames; and in all four Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, and James the (son) of Alphæus are mentioned together, though not always in the same order
Izhar - Son of Kohath and grandson of Levi, thus original ancestor of a priestly clan (Exodus 6:18 )
Hanameel - Anathoth being a sacerdotal city with a thousand cubits of suburban fields, the land could not be alienated (Leviticus 25:25; Leviticus 25:34); but this did not prevent sales within the tribe of Levi, on the failure of the owner the next of kin could redeem the land
Matthew, Saint - The Matthew mentioned in the New Testament (Matthew 9), as called by Christ, is identical with Levi (Mark 2; Luke 5); hence it is concluded that he was known originally as Levi and that the name Matthew was given to him by Christ when he began his apostolate
Simeon - Jacob, on his death bed, showed his indignation against Simeon and Levi for their cruelty to the Shechemites, Genesis 49:5 : "I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. As to Levi, he never had any fixed lot or portion; and Simeon received only a canton that was dismembered from the tribe of Judah, Joshua 19:1 , &c, and some other lands they went to conquer in the mountains of Seir, and the desert of Gedor, 1 Chronicles 4:27 ; 1 Chronicles 4:39 ; 1 Chronicles 4:42
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - ) some predictions, usually including a warning to submit to the headship of Levi and Judah. ...
The work is remarkable for its high ethical teaching, in which it approaches nearer the NT than any other Jewish pseudepigraph, and for its expectation of a Messiah from the tribe of Levi. 4); commands his sons to submit to Levi and bow down before his seed (vi. Simeon’s descendants shall be few and divided, and not have sovereignty, as they shall be guilty of impurity, and resistance to Levi (v. He enjoins obedience to Levi and Judah; from whom will arise the salvation of God: from the one God will raise a High Priest, from the other a King (vii. ...
The Testament of Levi (‘concerning the priesthood,’ β). Levi is to be freed from iniquity, and to become to God ‘a son, and a servant, and a minister of His presence,’ and light up in Jacob the light of knowledge [1] (iv. At Bethel Jacob is told in vision that Levi is to be priest; he pays tithes to God through him (ix. At Hebron Isaac teaches Levi the law of the priesthood (ix. [3] Levi speaks of his marriage and sons (xi. ]'>[7] Levi’s sons take an oath to keep the Law (xix. He bids his sons love Levi; the priesthood is superior to the kingship (xxi. The patriarchs shall rise from the dead, and the twelve sons of Jacob shall reign-Levi first, Judah second, etc. Levi is to have the priesthood and Judah the kingdom; he bids his sons obey both (iii. His sons will fall away and oppose Levi and Judah, but in vain; [14]; he foretells their captivity and return; salvation will arise from Judah and Levi; Beliar will be overthrown; ‘the saints shall rest in Eden, and in the New Jerusalem shall the righteous rejoice’ (v. He gives an account or his vision on the Mount of Olives: Levi obtains the sun, Judah the moon, and Joseph ascends on a winged bull. In a second vision-that of the Ship of Jacob in a storm-Joseph flees in a boat, Levi and Judah keep together; at Levi’s prayer they reach land (v. Naphtali foretells that from Levi and Judah shall salvation come. He bids his sons honour Judah and Levi. He bids them honour Levi and Judah; from them shall come Israel’s salvation; his own kingdom would be transitory (xix. ]'>[19] as the military prowess of Judah and Levi, and more particularly the lists of cities stormed [e. Further, a Maccabaean king of unique powers and position was reigning, a descendant of Levi, who was not only a warrior king (Test. Levi, viii. The naming of the mountain ‘Aspis’ from the shield (ἄσπις) found by Levi (Test. Levi, vi. A decisive argument against any Christian origin, however, is to be found in the remarkable expectation of a Messiah from the tribe of Levi. Levi, xiv-xvi and Test. Levi, x. Levi, xvii. The Aramaic and Greek fragments of what appears to have been a Hebrew source both of the Testament of Levi and of the Book of Jubilees. Levi, but his reasons are not convincing
Sin Offering - The ceremonial of the sin offering is described in Levi 4,6. The trespass offering is closely connected with the sin offering in Leviticus, but at the same time clearly distinguished from it, being in some cases offered with it as a distinct part of the same sacrifice; as, for example, in the cleansing of the leper. Levi 14. Levi 16 (B) For the priests and Levites at their consecration, (Exodus 29:10-14,36 ) besides the yearly sin offering (a, bullock) for the high priest on the Great Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 16:2 ) Special . For any sin of "ignorance" and the like recorded in Levi 4,5
Alphaeus - In Mark 2:14 Levi (Matthew) is called the son of Alphaeus
Eleazar - He is thought to have been a priest, or at least a Levite, though he is not mentioned in the catalogue of the sons of Levi
Banquet - Levi made a great feast in his house (Luke 5:29); and Christ advised His followers, when they gave a banquet, to invite the poor and afflicted rather than the rich and influential (Luke 14:13). Levi gave a banquet in His honour (Luke 5:29)
Uzziel - Son of Kohath, the son of Levi. Exodus 6:18,22 ; Leviticus 10:4 ; Numbers 3:19,30 ; 1 Chronicles 6:2,18 ; 1 Chronicles 15:10 ; 1 Chronicles 23:12,20 ; 1 Chronicles 24:24 . Son of Jeduthun, a Levite: he helped to cleanse the temple in the days of Hezekiah
Amram - Father of Moses, Aaron, and Miriam and grandson of Levi (Exodus 6:18-20 ). Moses' father, Amram, was the father of the Levitical family, the Amramites (Numbers 3:27 ; 1 Chronicles 26:23 ), who served in the wilderness sanctuary and may have served in the Temple treasuries in later years
Pious - 33:8 where it represents a human being: “Give to Levi thy Thummim, and thy Urim to thy godly one” (RSV)
id'do - (1 Kings 4:14 ) ...
A descendant of Gershom, son of Levi
Judea - On the return from Babylon the Jews, besides Judah, included large portions of Benjamin, Levi, Ephraim, and Manasseh (Ezra 1:5; Ezra 10:5-9; Nehemiah 11:4-36; 1 Chronicles 9:3; "Israel," Ezra 2:70; Ezra 2:59; Ezra 3:1; Ezra 10:5; Nehemiah 7:73), and many whose pedigree could not be found. Anna was of Asher (Luke 2:36); Paul of Benjamin (Romans 11:1); Barnabas of Levi (Acts 4:36)
Israel in Egypt - A much shorter period is implied in Genesis 15:16 , which says of Israel in Egypt that "in the fourth generation they shall come hither again;" and if we turn to Exodus 6:16-20 we find exactly four generations, thus:...
Jacob's son Levi. ...
Levi's son Kohath. ...
Or, if we start with Levi, who entered with Jacob, there was ample time for Moses to have had a son, as he was eighty years old at the Exodus. Further, the mother of Moses (Jochebed) was Levi's daughter, (Numbers 26:59 ), Amram having married his own aunt. Levi lived only a hundred and thirty-seven years in all, and supposing (it can be approximately proved) that he lived in Egypt eighty-eight years, Jochebed was born during those years. This has been calculated to signify a total of about two million men, women, and children, without the descendants of Levi. Is this a greater number than could be the descendants of those who entered Egypt? This may be reckoned in two ways: if we deduct thirteen from the seventy (for the family of Levi and for those who could not be called heads of families at that time) Deuteronomy 10:22 , the result gives fifty-seven heads of families; and if each had 14 children,...
In one generation there would be 798...
In the second 11,172...
In the third 156,408...
In the fourth 2,189,712...
To reckon fourteen children to each may seem a large number, but it must be remembered that there was the plurality of wives, and scripture speaks of their multiplying exceedingly. 3 it gives as the population at the commencement (excluding Levi, and his descendants, etc
Sceva - , the head of one of the twenty-four courses of the house of Levi
di'Nah - They therefore assented; and on the third day, when the pain and fever resulting from the operation were at the highest, Simeon and Levi, own brothers of Dinah, attacked them unexpectedly, slew all the males, and plundered their city
Tribes of Israel - Simeon and Levi were ‘divided in Jacob and scattered in Israel’ ( Genesis 49:7 ) when the tribe of Benjamin arose, so that at that time there would be not 12 but only 11 tribes. ]'>[1] ’s genealogy (Genesis 29:1-35 ; Genesis 30:1-43 ), is not 12 but 13, and in the following order:...
Leah tribes Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah 4 Bilhah (Rachel) tribes Dan, Naphtali 2 Zilpah (Leah) tribes Gad, Asher 2 Leah tribes Issachar, Zebulun 2 Rachel tribes Joseph = (Manasseh, Ephraim) 2 Benjamin (born in Palestine), Genesis 35:18 1 13 To obtain the number 12 from this scheme it is necessary to omit Levi, or to count Manasseh and Ephraim as one. Joseph is younger than the others because it entered and settled in Canaan later than Simeon, Levi, and Judah, etc. , and Genesis 34:1-31 , which shows Joseph in possession of the region of Shechem, formerly occupied by Simeon and Levi
Levites - Levites (lç'vîtes). A term applied sometimes to all the descendants of Levi. Numbers 35:2; Joshua 21:3; Joshua 21:41; Exodus 6:25; Leviticus 25:32, etc. But the "sons of Aaron" were separated from the rest of the descendants of Levi and consecrated priests; hence, after this the Levites comprised only those descendants of Levi who were not "sons of Aaron"—that is, priests. Sometimes, also, the term was used to show from what tribe the priests came—"the priests the Levites. The Levites numbered 22,000 in the wilderness, and took the place of the first-born, part of whom were redeemed at five shekels each, Numbers 3:45-51, the fixed ransom for a victim vowed in sacrifice. Numbers 18:16; Leviticus 27:6. Thus the Levites came to occupy in the Hebrew theocracy a position midway between the priests and the people. Forty-eight cities, with 1000 cubits of the country surrounding, were appropriated for the residence and maintenance of the Levites. Besides these cities, with adjacent districts, the Levites received a tithe of all produce, animal and vegetable, but of this they paid a tithe to the priests. When the separation took place between the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah, all the Levites gathered to Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:13-15, and they continued to play a conspicuous part in the destinies of this kingdom. The distinction of Levite is still maintained among the Jews
Gershom -
The eldest son of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:16,17,20,43,62,71 ; 15:7 )=GERSHON (q
Kohath, Kohathites - Son of Levi, and his descendants. See LeviTES
Merari, Merarites - Third son of Levi, and his descendants. The MERARITES became a large branch of the Levites. They shared in the duties devolving on the Levites during the kingdom, a third part of the singers and a third part of the door-keepers being Merarites
Mer'Ari, Mer'Arites - (bitter, unhappy ), third son of Levi and head of the third great division of the Levites, the Merarites
Alpheus - ALPHEUS, father of Levi, or Matthew, whom Jesus took to be an Apostle and Evangelist, Mark 2:14
Reuben - As a result the civil leadership of Israel went to the tribe of Judah, the religious leadership to Levi, and the double portion of the inheritance to Joseph. ...
In the time of Moses, certain Reubenites were jealous that a man from the tribe of Levi (Moses), rather than one from the tribe of Reuben, was overall leader in Israel (Numbers 16:1-3; Numbers 16:12-14)
Merarites - (mih ray' ritess) Major division of priests descended from Merari, the third son of Levi
Receipt of Custom - RECEIPT OF CUSTOM (Authorized Version ; ‘place of toll,’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ; ‘tolbothe,’ Wyclif) occurs in the parallel accounts of the call of the publican Matthew or Levi to discipleship (Matthew 9:9, Mark 2:14, Luke 5:27), which took place as Jesus passed forth from His own city, i
Leah - Leah bore six sons to Jacob (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun) and a daughter (Dinah)
Leah - She was the mother of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and a daughter Dinah ( Genesis 29:31-35 , Genesis 30:18 ; Genesis 30:20-21 )
Aaron's Rod - In a very complicated section of the Hexateuch ( Numbers 16:1-50 ; Numbers 17:1-13 ; Numbers 18:1-32 ), dealing with various revolts against the constituted authorities in the wilderness period, the exclusive right of the tribe of Levi to the duties and privileges of the priesthood is miraculously attested by the blossoming and fruit-bearing of Aaron’s rod
Simeon - He joined Levi in avenging Dinah's rape by Shechem (Genesis 34:25-31 )
Gershon, Gershonites - Eldest son of Levi, born before the children of Israel entered Egypt, and his descendants. At the numbering of the Israelites in the wilderness there were 7,500 Gershonites as a branch of the Levites. They had thirteen of the Levitical cities
Census - ...
The next census was in the time of David, when the number, exclusive of the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, was found to be 1,300,000 (2 Samuel 24:9 ; 1 Chronicles 21:5 )
Abihail - ( b ) Numbers 3:35 , a daughter of the sons of Merari, of the tribe of Levi, the mother of Zuriel, a ‘prince’ among the families of Merari
Levi - Very little is recorded of Levi: he joined with Simeon in the treacherous and vindictive dealings with Shechem. " The above illustrates the righteous government of God, which is in no way set aside by the reward of after faithful conduct, which caused this tribe to be chosen for the Levitical service and the priesthood: cf. For the blessings on Levi's descendants by Moses, see Deuteronomy 33:8-11 . His three sons, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari were heads of the three branches of the LeviTES, q
le'ah - Leah, however, bore to him in quick succession Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, then Issachar, Zebulun and Dinah, before Rachel had a child
Matthew, Feast of Saint - " He is called Levi by St
Matthew - When they mention the tax collector who responded to Jesus’ call and invited his fellow tax collectors to a feast to meet Jesus, they call him not Matthew, but Levi, which was his other name (Mark 2:14-17; Luke 5:27-32). He uses the name Matthew, not Levi, in his account of Jesus’ call (Matthew 9:9-13), and in his list of the twelve apostles he states his previous occupation (Matthew 10:3)
Kohath, Kohathites - Although the origin of the name Levi is doubtful, and scholars are still uncertain whether or not it was the name of a tribe before ‘Levite’ was a descriptive term denoting one who was trained in priestly duties, there is no doubt that the term ‘Levite’ had this meaning as early as the period of the Judges (see Judges 17:7-8 ; Judges 17:13 ). And in process of time every member of the Levitical or priestly ‘caste’ traced his descent through one line or another to Levi. The three main divisions of Levites bore the names of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, and these are accordingly given as the names of the ‘sons’ of Levi ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Num 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 26:17-1954 ; 1 Chronicles 6:16 ; 1 Chronicles 23:6 ). But the tendency of the period to idealize ancient history led the Prlestly writers, including the Chronicler, to construct narratives in which the eponymous ancestors of the Levitical families played a prominent part; see 1 Chronicles 9:19 . David divided the Levites into courses ‘according to the sons of Levi’ ( 1 Chronicles 23:6 ; Kohathites 1 Chronicles 23:12-20 ; 1 Chronicles 24:20-25 ); and particular offices of Kohathites are stated in Jos 21:26 ; 1 Chronicles 26:12-15 ; 1618106976_7 ; 1 Chronicles 26:23-31
Jesse, Rod of - found that the rod of Aaron, for the house of Levi, was budded" (Numbers 17)
Matthew - Formerly the name by which he was known was Levi (Mark 2:14 ; Luke 5:27 ); he now changed it, possibly in grateful memory of his call, to Matthew
Simeon - He was associated with Levi in the terrible act of vengeance against Hamor and the Shechemites (34:25,26)
Hivites - ...
A warm, impulsive, unsuspicious people, as their readiness to accept the cunning proposition of Simeon and Levi shows; peaceful and commercial, more keen to gain cattle and wealth than to wage war, as the same story shows; as also that of Abimelech (Judges 8:33 - 9:53)
Aaron, Rod of - found that the rod of Aaron, for the house of Levi, was budded" (Numbers 17)
Asaph - a celebrated musician in the time of David, was the son of Barachias of the tribe of Levi
Samuel - the son of Elkanah and of Hannah, of the tribe of Levi, and family of Kohath, was born A
Rod of Jesse - found that the rod of Aaron, for the house of Levi, was budded" (Numbers 17)
Scripture, Rod in - found that the rod of Aaron, for the house of Levi, was budded" (Numbers 17)
Zephaniah - A Kohathite, in the seventh generation from Levi, 1 Chronicles 6:36
Simeon - He and the next son, Levi, were the cause of the ruthless massacre of the men of Shechem, an incident that Jacob deeply regretted (Genesis 34:25; Genesis 34:30). When Jacob blessed his sons before his death, he recalled the violence of Simeon and Levi, and prophesied that their descendants would be scattered in Israel (Genesis 49:5-7)
Priests - This instruction included the application of the laws of cleanness (Leviticus 11-15 ). See Leviticus 11-15 . As to the work of these priests, most of Leviticus and some of Numbers and Deuteronomy give details. Aaron and his descendants of the tribe of Levi served in the tabernacle and Temple as priests. Members of the tribe of Levi not related to Aaron assisted the priests but did not offer sacrifices. Priests were supported by offerings and Levites by tithes (Numbers 18:20-24 ). See Levites ; High Priest ; Aaron
Shechem - It was attacked and plundered by Simeon and Levi. At the distribution of the land it fell to the lot of Ephraim, and became a Levitical city and a city of refuge. Son of Hamor the chief of the city of Shechem — from whom the city appears to have derived its name — killed with his father and household by Simeon and Levi because he had dishonoured their sister Dinah
Hamor - ]'>[2] ) pictures a much smaller personal affair, in which Shechem loves, and is ready to marry, Dinah; he only is circumcised, and he and Hamor alone are slain by Simeon and Levi an incident to which Genesis 49:5-7 appears to refer. It is probable that not only Hamor, but also Dinah, Simeon, and Levi, stand for tribes or communities
Birthright - That honour was, however, transferred by God from Reuben to Levi (Numbers 3:12,13 ; 8:18 )
Refiner - " In Malachi 3:2-3, Christ "shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver, and shall purify the sons of Levi
Aaron - He was of the tribe of Levi. The history of Aaron, incorporated as it is with that of Moses, fills a large part in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. " (Colossians 2:17; Leviticus 16:2; Numbers 16:46-47
Birthright - Among the sons of Jacob, Reuben the firstborn forfeited the right of the firstborn, Genesis 35:22 49:3,4 , and God gave it to Levi, Numbers 3:12,13 8:18
ko'Rah - (Genesis 36:16 ) ...
One of the "sons of Hebron," in (1 Chronicles 2:43 ) ...
Son of Izhar the son of Kohath the son of Levi. (Numbers 16 ; 26:9-11 ) The particular grievance which rankled in the mind of Korah and his company was their exclusion from the office of the priesthood, and their being confined --those among them who were Levites-- to the inferior service of the tabernacle
Simeon - Except the attack that he, with Levi, made on Shechem, and his being kept by Josephas a hostage, nothing personally is recorded of Simeon. ...
When Jacob blessed his sons he said, "Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations
Simeon - The tribes of Simeon and Levi were scattered and dispersed in Israel, in conformity with the prediction of Jacob, on account of their sacrilegious and piratical revenge of the outrage committed against Dinah their sister, Genesis 34:1-31 49:5 . Levi had no compact lot or portion in the Holy Land; and Simeon received for his portion only a district dismembered from Judah, with some other lands the tribe overran in the mountains of Seir, and in the desert of Gedor, 1 Chronicles 4:24,39,42
Levites - Later, God chose the tribe of Levi to carry out this responsibility for Israel (Numbers 3:11-13 ). The tribe of Levi was appointed because it was the only tribe that stood with Moses against the people who worshiped the golden calf (Exodus 32:25-29 ; Deuteronomy 10:6-9 ). The Levites were not given a tribal inheritance in the Promised Land (God was their inheritance) but were placed in 48 Levitical cities throughout the land (Numbers 18:20 ; Numbers 35:1-8 ; Joshua 13:14 ,Joshua 13:14,13:33 ; See Numbers 18:24-32 ). Since the Levites were dependent on the generosity of others, families were encouraged to invite the Levites (as well as widows, strangers, and orphans) to join them in their eating and their celebration of the joyous national feast (Deuteronomy 12:12 ,Deuteronomy 12:12,12:18 ; Deuteronomy 16:11 ,Deuteronomy 16:11,16:14 ). These factors point to the total dedication of the Levites to the work of the Lord rather than the earthly concerns of making a good living. ...
The tribe of Levi included at least three separate families: Gershon, Kohath and Merari (with the families of Moses and Aaron being treated somewhat separately from the rest of the tribe of Gershon). In some passages (Deuteronomy 17:9 ,Chronicles 23:24-32:18 ; Deuteronomy 18:1 ; Deuteronomy 24:8 ), the terms priest and Levite (or Levitical priests) seem identical, but in Exodus 28:1 and Levitcus 8–10 it is clear that only the family of Aaron fulfilled the priestly duties of offering sacrifices in the tabernacle. Because there appears to be a different way of handling the relationship between the priests and the Levites in these texts, interpreters differ in the way they understand the Levites. Although it is possible that the role of the Levites changed or that the distinction between the priests and Levites was not maintained in each period with equal strictness, the interpretation which maintains a general distinction between the priests and Levites seem to fit most texts. ...
The Levites were consecrated to God and given by God as a gift to Israel in order that they might perform the duties at the tabernacle (Exodus 29:1 ; Leviticus 8:1 ). The Levites assisted the priests in their responsibilities (Numbers 3:5-9 ; Numbers 16:9 ) by preparing grain offerings and the show bread, by purifying all the holy instruments used in the Temple, by singing praises to the Lord at the time of the morning and evening offerings, by assisting the priests with burnt offerings on sabbaths and feast days, and by being in charge of the Temple precinct and the chambers of the priests (1 Chronicles 6:31-48 ; 1Chronicles 23:1-13,1 Deuteronomy 17:9,17 ; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6 ; 2 Chronicles 29:12-19 ). During David's reign, the Levites were integrated into the administration of the government, including the keeping of the gates, judges, craftsmen, musicians, and overseers of the royal treasury (1 Chronicles 9:22-28 ; 1 Chronicles 23-26 ) In Jehoshaphat's time the Levites were involved with teaching the people the word of God (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Elkanah - Son of Korah, son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi (Exodus 6:24); compare 1 Chronicles 6:22-23, where an Elkanah is mentioned, grandson of Korah. David first established the Levitical and priestly courses in the temple; hence Elkanah does not appear to have performed any sacred function as a Levite. A Levite (1 Chronicles 9:16)
Gershom - A son of Levi and head of a clan of Levitic priests (1Chronicles 6:16-20,1Chronicles 6:43,1Chronicles 6:62, 1 Chronicles 6:71 ;...
1 Chronicles 15:7 ). 1 Chronicles 23:14 shows that Moses' sons had been incorporated into the line of Levites. See Gershon ; Levites ; Moses
Heman - As Chronicles in a number of cases confuses the genealogy of Judah with that of Levi (cf. This view finds some support in the fact that the title of Psalms 88:1-18 makes Heman both an Ezrahite (Judahite) and a Korahite (Levite)
Simeon - ]'>[2] he, together with Levi, is closely related to Dinah, she being a full sister ( Genesis 29:34 ). ...
In the Blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49:1-33 ) Simeon is coupled with Levi (wh. We are not told in Judges of the settlement of Simeon, but it is implied in the Dinah story ( Genesis 34:1-31 ) that both he and Levi secured a temporary foothold about Shechem . Levi was permanently shattered; Simeon, however, managed to recover sufficiently to establish itself on the southern border of Judah
Kohath - ) Levi's second son; came down to Egypt with Levi and Jacob (Genesis 46:11)
Hebron - Son of Kohath, a son of Levi
Matthew - His original name was Levi, Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27; Luke 5:29, which, like that of Simon and of Saul, was changed on his being called to the apostleship
Zadok - A descendant of Levi and a man of valour who joined David at Hebron
Shallum - , who were "for the companies of the sons of Levi
Tribes - But in dividing Canaan there were only twelve, since the family of Levi was assigned to the Lord's service and had no separate lot or share in the division of the promised land
Meat Offering - The law or ceremonial of the meat offering is described in (Leviticus 2:1 ) . and Levi 6:14-23 It was to be composed of fine flour, seasoned with salt and mixed with oil and frankincense, but without leaven; and it was generally accompanied by a drink offering of wine. (Leviticus 5:11 ; Numbers 5:15 ) [1]
Simeon - He participated in the revenge of Levi against the Shechemites for the outrage upon Dinah
Hashabi'ah -
A Merarite Levite. (1 Chronicles 6:45 ) ...
Another Merarite Levite. ) ...
One of the descendants of Hebron the son of Kohath- (1 Chronicles 26:30 ) ...
The son of Kemuel, who was prince of the tribe of Levi in the time of David (1 Chronicles 27:17 ) (B. ) ...
A Levite one of the "chiefs" of his tribe, who officiated for King Josiah at his great Passover feast. ...
A Merarite Levite who accompanied Ezra from Babylon. ) ...
One of the Levites who sealed the covenant of reformation after the return from the captivity. ) ...
Another Levite, son of Bunni. (Nehemiah 11:15 ) ...
A Levite, son of Mattaniah
Aaron - The son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi He was three years older than his brother Moses. Exodus 7:1-10; Exodus 28:1-43; Leviticus 8:1-36. The sons and descendants of Aaron served as priests at the sanctuary; while the other families of the tribe of Levi performed those religious duties which were of an inferior kind
Levites - Under this name may be comprised all the descendants of Levi; but it principally denotes those who were employed in the lowest ministries of the temple, by which they were distinguished from the priests, who, being descended from Aaron, were likewise of the race of Levi by Kohath, but were employed in higher offices. The Levites were descendants of Levi, by Gershom, Kohath, and Merari, excepting the family of Aaron; for the children of Moses had no part in the priesthood, and were only common Levites. God chose the Levites instead of the first-born of all Israel, for the service of his tabernacle and temple, Joshua 21:19-2081 , &c. ...
God provided for the subsistence of the Levites, by giving them the tithe of corn, fruit, and cattle; but they paid to the priests the tenth of their tithes; and as the Levites possessed no estates in the land, the tithes which the priests received from them were looked upon as the first-fruits which they were to offer to the Lord, Numbers 18:21-24 . While the Levites were actually employed in the temple, they were subsisted out of the provisions in store there, and out of the daily offerings there made; and if any Levite quitted the place of his abode, to serve the temple, even out of the time of his half-yearly or weekly waiting, he was received there, kept and provided for, in like manner as his other brethren, who were regularly in waiting, Deuteronomy 18:6-8 . The consecration of Levites was without much ceremony. 62, six years before the destruction of the temple by the Romans, the Levites desired permission from that prince to wear the linen tunic like the priests; and this was granted. He adds, that Agrippa permitted likewise the families of the Levites, whose duty it was to guard the doors, and perform other troublesome offices, to learn to sing and play on instruments, that they might be qualified for the temple service as musicians. The Levites were divided into different classes: Gershonites, Kohathites, Merarites, and Aaronites or priests, Numbers 3, &c. When the Hebrews encamped in the wilderness, the Levites were placed around the tabernacle; Moses and Aaron at the east, Gershon at the west, Kohath at the south, and Merari at the north. Moses ordained that the Levites should not begin in the service of the tabernacle till they were five-and-twenty years of age, Numbers 8:24-26 ; or, as he says elsewhere, from thirty to fifty years old, Numbers 4:3 . The priests and Levites waited by turns, weekly, in the temple. When an Israelite made a religious entertainment in the temple, God required that the Levites should be invited to it, Deuteronomy 12:18-19
Aaron - The eldest son of Amram and Jochebed, a daughter of Levi (Exodus 6:20 ). ...
On the mount, Moses received instructions regarding the system of worship which was to be set up among the people; and in accordance therewith Aaron and his sons were consecrated to the priest's office (Leviticus 8 ; 9 ). And these, along with the rod of Aaron for the tribe of Levi, were laid up overnight in the tabernacle, and in the morning it was found that while the other rods remained unchanged, that of Aaron "for the house of Levi" budded, blossomed, and yielded almonds (Numbers 17:1-10 ). Aaron's other two sons had been struck dead (Leviticus 10:1,2 ) for the daring impiety of offering "strange fire" on the alter of incense. The other branches of the tribe of Levi held subordinate positions in connection with the sacred office
Levites - The men of Levi, the sacerdotal tribe, all ministers, out of whom the priests were taken, namely, Aaron's family. Levi's wild zeal against the defiler of Dinah was the forerunner of the Levites' zeal against impure idolaters. The antiquity and genuineness of Genesis are marked by the absence of all notice of Levi's subsequent greatness as the priest tribe. The genealogy (Genesis 46:11) goes no further down than Levi's three sons; these too are named in their order of birth, not giving Kohath the prominence which his family had subsequently, He has four clans in Exodus 6:16-25, Gershon and Merari but two each. (See Levi on the Levites' promotion to be the priestly tribe for their zeal in the Lord's cause. )...
Levi became "an Israel within an Israel," the witness and guard of the truth. Substituted for the firstborn males of all Israel whom Jehovah claimed as His when He saved Israel from the stroke on Egypt's firstborn; the Levites, 22,000; the firstborn males, 22,273; the odd 273 above were to be redeemed at five shekels each (Numbers 3:45-51), the fixed price for redeeming a victim vowed in sacrifice (Numbers 18:16; 2 Chronicles 11:13-14). The Levites' cattle were taken for the firstlings of Israel's cattle (compare Exodus 13:12-13). The Levites marching from Sinai round the tabernacle were the heavenly King's royal guard; none else was to approach it on pain of death (Numbers 1:51; Numbers 18:22; Numbers 4:3-30). ...
The priests occupied the eastern side of the tabernacle, inside Judah the leading camp; the Kohathites the southern side, inside Reuben; the Gershonites the western side, inside Ephraim; the Merarites the northern, inside Daniel The aggregate of Gershonites (Numbers 3:22), Kohathites (Numbers 3:28), and Merarites (Numbers 3:34), is 22,300; but in the redemption 300 are deducted (probably the firstborn in Levi within the year that had elapsed since the command was issued, Numbers 3:40-43), and 22,000 taken as substituted for Israel's male firstborn. Levi in this census was the fewest tribe in numbers, but in the other tribes servants not pure Israelites were enumerated, whereas in Levi only pure Israelites. The Levites stood midway between the people and the priesthood, which culminated in the high priest. The Levites were Jehovah's and Israel's 1 Chronicles 9:2; the Levites' subordinates) and "joined" (as Levi means) to the priests (Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:19; Numbers 18:2; Numbers 18:4; Numbers 18:6). ...
The Levites were purified for service with bathing, shaving, washing clothes, imposition of Israel' s hands, waving them as a wave offering to Jehovah (compare our gospel "living sacrifice," Romans 12:1) toward the four points of the compass, in token of entire consecration of all their powers; the Levite then laid hands on one bullock offered for a sin offering and another for a burnt offering. Korah's rebellion through seeking the priesthood was followed by a fresh defining of the Levites' office (Numbers 16; Numbers 18:1-7). The Levites received a tithe or tenth of all produce, animal and vegetable, of which they had to pay the priests a tithe (Numbers 18:20-32). A second tithe the Israelites used for the tabernacle feasts and free will offerings, and of this second tithe the Levites should receive a share (Deuteronomy 14:23; Deuteronomy 14:27), especially when ministering (Deuteronomy 18:7-8). ) The phrase "the Levite that is within thy gates" is appropriate (Deuteronomy 14:27), for the Levites' cities did not cease to belong to the tribes within which they lay. Thus Levites are occasionally spoken of as belonging to other tribes, namely, those within whose territory they resided (1 Deuteronomy 8:6; Judges 17:7; 1 Samuel 1:1). Elkanah a Levite is called an "Ephrathite," "Heman the Ezrahite," i. "The priests the Levites" on the peculiar use of Levites without distinction from the priests) were to determine controversies and to preserve the law in the side of the ark, and in the seventh year at the feast of tabernacles read it before Israel, and pronounce the curses from Ebal (Deuteronomy 17:9-12; Deuteronomy 31:9-13; Deuteronomy 31:26; Deuteronomy 27:14). )...
The Hivite Gibeonites (Joshua 9:27) and the Nethinim relieved the Levites of their more burdensome duties subsequently. ) Micah's consecration of the homeless Levite as his household priest implies a relapse in dark times to the original household priesthood. It was a Korahlike usurpation on the part of the Levite (Judges 17). Samuel the Levite, adopted into the priesthood, revived the divine order. The Levites were among his schools of the prophets, whose training consisted in praise, prayer, and study of the law. Hence enlarged views of acceptable worship appear in the Levite Asaph's Psalm 50. David's words (1 Chronicles 15:2) imply that heretofore Levites had not been in charge of the ark, therefore that Abinadab was not a Levite possibly (?). to carry the ark of God but the Levites, for them hath Jehovah chosen. Accordingly, at Hebron, 4,600 Levites joined David, besides 3,700 priests (1 Chronicles 12:26-27). The duties of the Levites are defined by him (1 Chronicles 23:24-32), "to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of Jehovah," etc. ...
The Levites supplied "officers and judges" (1 Chronicles 26:30), "in all the business of the Lord and the service of the king. " Korah's sons of the Levites, headed by Heman, played upon psalteries and harps (1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:32); the Kohathites prepared the shewbread every sabbath; the Gershonites were headed by Asaph's son in the temple choir (1 Chronicles 6:39; 1 Chronicles 6:44; 1 Chronicles 15:17), the Merarites by Ethan or Jeduthun. The Levites numbered 38,000 under David (1 Chronicles 23:3), of whom 4,000 formed the full choir; 288 in 24 divisions of 12 each were the skilled musicians (1 Chronicles 25:1-8). At the severance of Israel and Judah the Levites flocked from the apostate northern kingdom to Judah and Jerusalem, and strengthened the southern kingdom (Leviticus 27:6; 2 Chronicles 13:10-12). ...
The Levites proclaimed and taught the law, and judged controversies, with the priests and chiefs of Israel, in Jehoshaphat's reformation (2 Chronicles 19:8-11). So under Josiah the Levites had as their characteristic designation that they "taught all Israel" (2 Chronicles 35:3-15). The Levites acted as teachers and scribes of the law, and chroniclers of their times. Even the Levites fell into apostasy in the closing reigns of Judah (Ezekiel 44:10-14; Ezekiel 48:11). None of the Levites joined Ezra at his gathering at the river Ahava (Ezra 8:15; Ezra 8:18-20). ...
Barnabas was a Levite (Acts 4:36). A false judaizing analogy makes the Christian deacons answer to the Levites, the presbyters to the priests, and the bishops to the high priest. It is the peculiarity of the Mosaic system, as distinguished from pagan systems, that the Levites, the ministers of religion, not merely performed religious rites, but without vows of celibacy, freely intermarrying with the other tribes, were dispersed among the nation to teach moral and religious truths to all, of whom they formed the twelfth part (Deuteronomy 31:9-13). Jehovah praises Levites as to the past: "My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared Me and was afraid before My name . " The Lord at His coming is to "purify the sons of Levi, so that they may again offer an offering of righteousness" (1618106976_64; Malachi 3:3; compare Isaiah 66:21)
Genealogy - , probably transcribed from a document, for the first part concerning Reuben and Simeon is quoted though Levi is the only tribe in question. ...
The promise of Canaan, Israel's separation from the Gentiles, the prophecy of Messiah's descent from Judah, the hereditary priesthood in Aaron's family, and the limitation of ministerial offices to Levi, the promises to David's seed, and the division of Canaan by tribes and families, all combined to make Israel more careful of genealogies than: any other nation. Levi alone was free front foreign admixture. ...
Hezekiah took a census of priests and Levites according to genealogies, and apparently from 1 Chronicles 4:41; 1 Chronicles 9:1, a census also of the nation by genealogies; he had a staff of scribes for such purposes (Proverbs 25:1). The register of Levi in Exodus 6:16-20 gives only two links between Levi and Moses, namely, Kohath and Amram; which has been made an argument for Israel's sojourn in Egypt only half the 430 years specified (Exodus 12:40). Thus, the genealogy of Ruth 4:18-22 makes but four intervening links between Nahshon at the Exodus (Numbers 1:7) and David, namely, Salmon, Boaz, Obed, Jesse; whereas the genealogy of Levi has double that number in the same period, seven between Phinehas and Zadok, and more in Gershon's line (1 Chronicles 6)
Heman - Probably the same as 2; though a Levite by birth he was reckoned in the family of Zerah, of Judah, as dwelling among them. Hervey makes Heman 14th in descent from Levi. ...
The sons were each the head of one of the 25 wards of Levites, "instructed in the songs of the Lord
Camp And Encamp - The tabernacle was placed in the centre; and round it were the tents of the house of Levi, in four divisions; Moses and Aaron, with the priests, on the east side, the Gershonites westward, Numbers 3:1-51, the Kohathites southward, and the Memrites northward. Leviticus 13:46; Leviticus 14:3; Numbers 6:1-4; Numbers 12:14-15; Numbers 31:19; Numbers 31:24; Joshua 6:23. Leviticus 4:11-12; Leviticus 6:11; Leviticus 8:17; Leviticus 24:14; Numbers 15:35-36; Deuteronomy 23:10-12
Tribe - However, in the distribution of lands by Joshua under the order of God, they reckoned but twelve tribes and made but twelve lots; of the tribe of Levi, being appointed to the sacred service, had no share in the distribution of the land, but received certain cities to dwell in, with the first-fruits, tithes, and oblations of the people
Mat'Thew - His original name was Levi, and his name Matthew was probably adopted as his new apostolic name was a Jew
Barnabas, Feast of Saint - Barnabas was born at Cyprus, but was a Jew of thetribe of Levi
Levite - A descendant of the tribe of Levi (Exodus 6:25 ; Leviticus 25:32 ; Numbers 35:2 ; Joshua 21:3,41 ). But it was not till that terrible scene in connection with the sin of the golden calf that the tribe of Levi stood apart and began to occupy a distinct position (Exodus 32 ). ...
The Levitical order consisted of all the descendants of Levi's three sons, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari; whilst Aaron, Amram's son (Amram, son of Kohat), and his issue constituted the priestly order. ...
The age and qualification for Levitical service are specified in Numbers 4:3,23,30,39,43,47 . Six of the Levitical cities were set apart as "cities of refuge" (q. Thus the Levites were scattered among the tribes to keep alive among them the knowledge and service of God
Merari, Merarites - The third son of Levi, to whom a division of the Levites traced their descent ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Numbers 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1Ch 6:16 ; 1 Chronicles 23:6 . David divided the Levites into courses ‘according to the sons of Levi’ ( 1 Chronicles 23:8 ; Merarites, 1 Chronicles 23:21-24 ; 1 Chronicles 23:26-30 ), and particular offices of certain Merarites are detailed in 1 Chronicles 26:10-13 ; 1 Chronicles 26:16-18
Aaron - [1] Eldest son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi. †...
† Aaron's rod that budded had more to do with the tribe of Levi being chosen for the priesthood than with Aaron as an individual
Lebbaeus - ]'>[2] (§ 304) adduce the reading ‘Thaddaeus’ found only in אB as proof of the unique excellence of these Manuscripts , and are inclined to attribute the name ‘Lebbaeus’ to an attempt to bring Levi (Mark 2:14) within the number of the Twelve. For relationship with Levi the spelling Λευαιος and Λαβιδ might be adduced, against it the double bb. ]'>[14] Inschriften, 421) and denies affinity with Levi. , and identify Lebbaeus with Levi?* Melchizedek - The apostle there points out the superiority of his priesthood to that of Aaron in these several respects, (1) Even Abraham paid him tithes; (2) he blessed Abraham; (3) he is the type of a Priest who lives for ever; (4) Levi, yet unborn, paid him tithes in the person of Abraham; (5) the permanence of his priesthood in Christ implied the abrogation of the Levitical system; (6) he was made priest not without an oath; and (7) his priesthood can neither be transmitted nor interrupted by death: "this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood
Urim And Thummim - Later, Moses gave the tribe of Levi special responsibility for their care (Deuteronomy 33:8 )
Past - The tyranny of the past led the Galilaeans to ask, ‘Is not this the carpenter?’ (Mark 6:3); but, as signally in the call of Levi, the disciple of Christ must be ready to throw aside the past altogether for His sake (Matthew 9:9)
Thaddaeus - But how could ‘Lebbæus’ have been invented? It has been suggested ( a ) that some early scribe, taking ‘Thaddæus’ and ‘Lebbæus’ to be names of kindred meaning, the former from an Aramaic word denoting ‘breast,’ the latter from another denoting ‘heart,’ confused the two; or ( b ), with greater probability, that ‘Lebbæus’ is a form of ‘Levi,’ introduced by some scribe who did not know that Levi and Matthew were the same person
Levitical Cities - (leh viht' ih cuhl) Residence and pasture lands provided the priestly tribe of Levi in lieu of a tribal inheritance. Because of their priestly duties, the tribe of Levi did not receive any part of the land of Canaan as an inheritance (Numbers 18:20-24 ; Numbers 26:62 ; Deuteronomy 10:9 ; Deuteronomy 18:1-2 ; Joshua 18:7 ). On the average, four cities from each tribe were Levitical cities. ...
The Levites were not the sole possessors or occupiers of these cities. Although six of the 48 were asylums for those guilty of manslaughter (Kedesh, Schechem, Hebron in Canaan, Bezer, Ramoth-Gilead, and Golan), Levitical cities and cities of refuge are not synonymous. The privilege of asylum was not extended to all 48 Levitical cities. ...
Levitical cities were a series of walled cities, apart from the lands surrounding them. The Levites could not sell any open plots of land. ...
The legal status of Levitical houses within these cities differed from ordinary property. To prevent the dispossession of Levites, it was ordained that they might at any time redeem houses in their own cities which they had been forced by need to sell. Moreover, such a house, if not redeemed, reverted to its original Levitical owner during the year of Jubilee. Pastureland belonging to Levites could not be sold (Leviticus 25:32-34 ). The cities formed bases of operation so that the Levites could better infiltrate each of the tribes to instruct them in God's covenant. Certainly, the Levitical desire to secure Israel's loyalty to the Lord of the covenant would also imply a commitment to secure loyalty to the Lord's anointed, the king. The list of cities describes the dispersion of the Levites who were not employed at the large sanctuaries, had no steady income, and who belonged, therefore, in the category of widows and orphans
Gershon, Gershonites - The name Gershon is given to the eldest son of Levi, to whom a division of the Levites traced their descent ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Numbers 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1 Chronicles 6:16 [1] 1 Chronicles 23:6 ). David divided the Levites into courses ‘according to the sons of Levi’ ( 1 Chronicles 23:6 ; Gershonites, 1 Chronicles 23:7-11 ); and particular offices of Gershonites are stated in 1 Chronicles 26:21 f
Aaron - When Moses challenged the faithful to fight against this idolatry, the men of the tribe of Levi responded. God rewarded them by promising that in the new religious order, the Levites would be his chosen religious servants (Exodus 32:26-29). ...
Levi was the tribe to which Moses and Aaron belonged (Exodus 6:16-20). In the generations to follow, although all Levites were to be religious officials, only those of the family of Aaron could be priests (Numbers 3:3-10; see LeviTE; PRIEST). His two older sons made an offering contrary to the way God had instructed them, and were punished with instant death (Leviticus 10:1-3). ...
Just as Aaron had been jealous of Moses’ position as supreme leader, so other Levites grew jealous of Aaron’s position as high priest (1618106976_4)
Priest - But after the Lord had chosen the tribe of Levi to serve him in his tabernacle, and the priesthood was annexed to the family of Aaron, the right of offering sacrifices and oblations to God was reserved to the priests of this family, Numbers 16:40 . ...
The Lord having reserved to himself the firstborn of Israel because he had preserved them from the hand of the destroying angel in Egypt, by way of exchange and compensation, he accepted the tribe of Levi for the service of his tabernacle, Numbers 3:41 . Thus the whole tribe of Levi was appointed to the sacred ministry, but not all in the same manner; for of the three sons of Levi, Gershom, Kohath, and Merari, the heads of the three great families, the Lord chose the family of Kohath, and out of this family the house of Aaron, to exercise the functions of the priesthood. Al the rest of the family of Kohath, even the children of Moses and their descendants remained among the Levites. He only had the privilege of entering the sanctuary once a year, on the day of solemn expiation, to make atonement for the sins of the whole people, Leviticus 16:2 , etc. He was to be born of one of his own tribe, whom his father had married a virgin; and was to be exempt from corporal defect, Leviticus 21:13 . But he was to be maintained by the sacrifices offered at the tabernacle, Leviticus 21:17-22 . The high priest also received a tithe from the Levites, Numbers 18:28 . He was forbidden to mourn for the death of any of his relations, even for his father or mother; or to enter into any place where a dead body lay, that he might not contract or hazard the contraction of uncleanness, Leviticus 21:10-12 . They slew and dressed the public sacrifices, or at least it was done by the Levites under their direction. Compare Exodus 28:29 Leviticus 8:1-36 . ...
The Lord had given no lands of inheritance to the tribe of Levi, in the Land of Promise. In the peace offerings, they had the shoulder and the breast, Leviticus 7:33,34 ; in the sin offering, they burnt on the altar the fat that covers the bowels, the liver, and the kidneys; the rest belonged to themselves, Leviticus 7:6,10 . The priests had thirteen of these cities; the others belonged to the Levites, Joshua 21:10
Gershom - A son of Levi ( 1 Chronicles 6:16 Consecration - The whole race of Abraham was in a peculiar manner consecrated to his worship; and the tribe of Levi and family of Aaron were more immediately consecrated to the service of God, Exodus 13:2 ; Exodus 13:12 ; Exodus 13:15 ; Numbers 3:12 ; 1 Peter 2:9 . The Hebrews sometimes devoted their fields and cattle to the Lord, and the spoils taken in war, Leviticus 27:28-29 ; 1 Chronicles 18:11
Bena'Iah -
The son of Jehoiada the chief priest, (1 Chronicles 27:5 ) of the tribe of Levi, though a native of Kabzeel, (2 Samuel 23:20 ) set by David, (1 Chronicles 11:25 ) over his body-guard. (1 Chronicles 27:14 ) ...
A Levite in the time of David, who "played with a psaltry on Alamoth. (1 Chronicles 15:24 ; 16:6 ) ...
A Levite of the sons of Asaph. (2 Chronicles 20:14 ) ...
A Levite in the time of Hezekiah
Levite - The Hebrew word for Levite (lew" ) indicates a descendant of Levi, the son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 29:34 ). There were three family clans within the tribe of Levi—Gershon, Kohath, and Meraribut it was only Kohath who supplied the Aaronic priests. Subsequent to the induction of Aaron and his sons into the priesthood, the entire tribe of Levi was "set apart" following the golden calf incident (Exodus 32:26-29 ). Thus, the prophecy of Jacob that Levi's descendants would be scattered throughout Israel (Genesis 49:5-7 ) was fulfilled, not as a curse but as a blessing (Exodus 32:29 ; Deuteronomy 33:8-9 ). Their zeal for the Lord caused the male Levites (except for Aaron's family, who were already designated as priests) to be set apart as caretakers of the tabernacle and as aides to the priests (Numbers 1:47-53 ). Because of this a progression can be demonstrated in terms of separation and responsibilities from nation to tribe (Levi) to priesthood. ...
The Levites' "set apart" status is demonstrated by their taking the place of the firstborn, who by right belonged to God (Numbers 3:41 ). Another indication of Levi's distinction is found in Numbers 1:47-54 , where God instructs Moses not to number the Levites with the other tribes. The Levites were set apart but their status must still be seen as significantly different from that of the priests (even though all priests were Levites too). , the priests were made holy, the Levites were made clean; the priests were anointed and washed, the Levites were sprinkled; the priests were given new garments, the Levites washed theirs; blood was applied to the priests, but was waved over the Levites). The Levites were explicitly permitted to go near the Tent of Meeting, and this special privilege more than any other duty distinguished them from ordinary Israelites (Numbers 8:19 ; 16:9-10 ). ...
Part of the support of the Levites was to come from the tithe they were to be allotted of the income of the other tribes (Numbers 18:20-25 ). Since the reception of this tithe was dependent on the faithfulness of all the people, the financial position of the Levite was unpredictable. The Levites are therefore included in the legislation, along with the aliens, fatherless, and widows, as those whom the people must remember to care for (Deuteronomy 12:19 ; 14:27-29 ). ...
In Deuteronomy, with a view to entering the land, the Levites were given an additional duty since their tabernacle transport obligations would be diminished. It was now the important duty of the Levites and the Levitical priests, who would live throughout the land, to instruct the people in the law (Deuteronomy 33:10 ). At the conquest the Levites received no tribal inheritance but were given forty-eight cities with their pastures (Joshua 21:1-42 ). ...
During the temple period, with the ark permanently in Jerusalem and in view of their numbers, the Levites were given additional responsibilities as officials, judges, gatekeepers, and musicians, all of which assisted the priests (1 Chronicles 23:4-5 ). While 4,289 priests (approximately one-tenth of the entire returning number of exiles) returned from captivity with Zerubbabel, only 341Levites, singers, and gatekeepers are recorded as returning (Ezra 2:36-58 ). Ezra succeeded in persuading only thirty-eight Levites to return with him (Ezra 8:15-19 ). The fact that many of the menial tasks of temple service were the responsibility of the Levites and that the temple first had to be rebuilt and when it was, it was not as glorious as Solomon's temple (Ezra 3:12 ), may have affected the willingness of the Levites to return. Some of the Levites became involved, however, in the interpretation and teaching of the law (Nehemiah 8:7-8 ) and in the leading of the people in worship (Nehemiah 9:4-5 ; 12:8-9,27-47 ). Though rarely referred to in the prophets, and even then usually in the context of priests who are Levites, the Levites as distinct from the Zadokite priests are mentioned in Ezekiel 44:11 . The future acquisition and redistribution of the land would include a specific area in which the Levites could live (Ezekiel 45:5 ). The term "Levite(s)" is only used three times in the New Testament. As teachers of the law, the Levites, together with the priests, were probably sent with this role in mind, to question John the Baptist. It is possible that many scribes were Levites. In the parable of the good Samaritan both a priest and Levite are mentioned, though not in a commendable manner (Luke 10:31-32 ). Barnabas is referred to as a Levite (Acts 4:36 ). ...
In summary, though the conclusions of the majority of modern critical scholars concerning the identity and purpose of the Levites (and priests) are in sharp contrast to the view presented here, the Scriptures clearly indicate that the Levites should be seen as a tribe that was below the priestly group of Aaronic priests but still distinct from other Israelites. Along with the honor that the Levites had in their unique appointment, there was the need for their total dedication to the work of the Lord, not that of pursuing material gain, and the necessity to look to him to supply some of their needs through the people. "Levites
Apostle - The names of the twelve are, Simon Peter; Andrew, his brother; James, the son of Zebedee, called also "the greater;" John, his brother; Philip; Bartholomew; Thomas; Matthew, or Levi; Simon the Canaanite; Lebbeus, surnamed Thaddeus, also called Judas or Jude; James, "the less," the son of Alphaeus; and Judas Iscariot, Matthew 10:2-4 Mark 3:16 Luke 6:14
Shimei -
A son of Gershon, and grandson of Levi (Numbers 3:18 ; 1 Chronicles 6:17,29 ); called Shimi in Exodus 6:17 . ...
...
A Levite of the family of Gershon (1 Chronicles 6:42 ). ...
...
A Levite (2 Chronicles 31:12,13 ). ...
...
Another Levite (Ezra 10:23 )
Hashabiah - Ancestor of Merari among the Levite leaders (1 Chronicles 6:45 ). Temple musician and Levite under David (1 Chronicles 25:3 ) and leader of course of Levites (1 Chronicles 25:19 ). Family of Levites from Hebron given authority to carry out God's business in the service of the king west of the Jordan (1 Chronicles 26:30 ). Leader of the tribe of Levi possibly connected with taking the ill-fated census under David (1 Chronicles 27:17 ). Levite leader under Josiah who provided animals for the Levites to celebrate Passover (2 Chronicles 35:9 ). Levite leader Ezra conscripted to return to Jerusalem with him from Babylonian Exile about 458 B. Levite with administrative duties over city of Keilah who joined Nehemiah in repairing wall of Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 3:17 ). Ancestor of chief Levite in Jerusalem in Nehemiah's day (Nehemiah 11:22 )
Shimei - Grandson of Levi and head of Levitical family (Exodus 6:17 ; Numbers 3:18 ; compare 1 Chronicles 6:42 ). A Levite (1 Chronicles 23:9 if the text does not represent duplication in copying as some commentators suggest; compare 1 Chronicles 23:10 ). A Levite (1 Chronicles 6:29 ). Two Levites under Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:14 ; 2 Chronicles 31:12-13 ). Levite married to a foreign woman under Ezra (Ezra 10:23 )
Hamor - The cruel retaliation by Simeon and Levi of Shechem's wrong to Dinah (Genesis 34) left a lasting soreness in the minds of the Hivite remnant, who even without such ancient grudge would be ready enough to cast off Israel's yoke and revert to their original government by Hivite sheikhs
Cities of Refuge - All the 48 cities of Levi had the right of asylum. The Levitical cities were to have a space of 1,000 cubits (583 yards) beyond the city walls for pasture and other purposes (Joshua 20:9)
First-Begotten, First-Born, - The first-born of Israel were redeemed by the sons of Levi, as far as they went, and the remainder were redeemed with money
Rechab - to minister in the sanctuary before Jehovah so long as Israel's sanctuary and polity stand: so Levi (Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 18:5-7; Genesis 18:22; Judges 20:28; Psalms 134:1; Jeremiah 15:19); so the targum of Jonathan translated "ministers before Me. " It was an adoption of the Rechabites into Israel, by incorporation with Levi, on the ground of their Nazarite-like purity and consecration. ...
The Rechabites are spoken of as "scribes" (1 Chronicles 2:55); at the return from Babylon they took a profession, almost exclusively a Levite one. Judah that the Rechabites married Levites, and their children ministered in the temple. , a Hebrew title existed declaring that the Rechabites shared the Babylonian captivity, and with the Levite psalmists expressed the nation's sorrows and aspirations
Matthew (2) - ]'>[1] ; Ματθαῖος, Textus Receptus ) is to be identified with Levi, son of Alphaeus, since the Synoptists agree in their description of the feast associated with the publican who is named Levi in Mk. * [2] Levi, according to the analogy of Simon and Peter, may have been the original name and Matthew the acquired; though, according to Edersheim (Life and Times, i. says distinctly that it was Levi’s
Matthew - Mark (Mark 2:14, compare Mark 3:18) and Luke (Luke 5:27, compare with Luke 6:15) veil his former less honorable occupation of a publican under his original name Levi; but Matthew himself gives it, and humbly puts himself after Thomas, an undesigned mark of genuineness; whereas Mark (Mark 3:18) and Luke (Luke 6:15) put Matthew before Thomas in the list of apostles. With the undesigned propriety which marks genuineness Matthew talks of Jesus' sitting down in "the house" without telling whose house it was, whereas Mark mentions it as Levi's
Massah And Meribah - Deuteronomy 33:8 regards the events at Kadesh in a peculiar light: here Jahweh proves Levi at Massah and strives with (or for) him at Meribah
Korah - There were gathered to them two hundred and fifty princes of the congregation who were Levites. Dathan and Abiram were of the tribe of Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and were perhaps jealous of the ascendancy of the sons of Levi. Their complaint against Moses is different from that of the Levites, and insinuated that Moses aimed at being a prince over them
Micah - A wandering son of Levi finding his way to Micah's house was gladly received by him, treated as one of his sons, and became his priest. Then Micah said, "Now know I that the Lord will do me good, seeing I have a Levite to my priest. " The Danites however, seeking a larger inheritance, sent spies to the north, who came near Micah's house, and knowing the voice of the Levite, asked him to inquire of God for them. " A larger body of Danites afterwards came and carried away the gods of Micah, and the ephod and the teraphim, together with the Levite, and took them to the north, where they established themselves. Son of Zichri, or Zabdi, or Zaccur, a Levite
he'Bron -
The third son of Kohath, who was the second son of Levi
Moses - He belonged to the tribe of Levi and was born in Egypt (10th century B
Birthright - He allowed them to be redeemed, and the tribe of Levi to serve Him in their stead (Numbers 3:12-13)
Vows - (Leviticus 27:28 ) (a) If he vowed land, he might either redeem it or not Levi 25,27. (b) Animals fit for sacrifice if devoted, were not to be redeemed or changed, (Leviticus 27:9 ; 10:33 ) persons devoted stood thus: devote either himself, his child (not the first-born) or his slave. (2 Samuel 15:8 ) Otherwise he might be redeemed at a valuation according to age and sex, on the scale given in (Leviticus 27:1-7 ) Among general regulations affecting vows the following may be mentioned: (1) Vows were entirely voluntary but once made were regarded as compulsory
Shimei - Son of Gershon, the son of Levi. Levite who had charge of the offerings. Levite who had married a strange wife
Abiathar - Tenth high priest and descendant of Levi through Eli. Perhaps too the loaves, being his perquisite, Leviticus 24:9, were actually handed by Abiathar to David
Firstborn - The tribe of Levi was substituted for all Israel's firstborn to minister to the Lord (Numbers 3:12; Numbers 3:45; Numbers 3:50). There being 273 more of the firstborn in Israel than the males in Levi, the 273 were redeemed at five shekels apiece
le'Vites - (descendants of Levi ). Sometimes the name extends to the whole tribe, the priests included, ( Exodus 6:25 ; Leviticus 25:32 ; Numbers 35:2 ; Joshua 21:3,41 ) etc; sometimes only to those members of the tribe who were not priests, and as distinguished from them. Sometimes again it is added as an epithet of the smaller portion of the tribe, and we read of "the priests the Levites. --There is no trace of the consecrated character of the Levites till the institution of a hereditary priesthood in the family of Aaron, during the first withdrawal of Moses to the solitude of Sinai. The tribe of Levi was to take the place of that earlier priesthood of the first-born as representatives of the holiness of the people. As the tabernacle was the sign of the presence among the people of their unseen King, so the Levites were, among the other tribes of Israel, as the royal guard that waited exclusively on him. The division of the tribe into the three sections that traced their descent from the sons of Levi formed the groundwork of it. The Levites were to have no territorial possessions. Through the whole land the Levites were to take the place of the old household priests, sharing in all festivals and rejoicings. (14:28; 26:12) To "the priests the Levites" was to belong the office of preserving, transcribing and interpreting the law. In the worship of the tabernacle under David, as afterward in that of the temple, the Levites were the gatekeepers, vergers, sacristans, choristers, of the central sanctuary of the nation. The educational work which the Levites received for their peculiar duties, no less than their connection, more or less intimate, with the schools of the prophets, would tend to make them the teachers of the others, the transcribers and interpreters of the law, the chroniclers of the times in which they lived. --During the period that followed the captivity of the Levites contributed to the formation of the so-called Great Synagogue
Leper, Leprosy - Levi 13:13 But, remarkably enough, in the Mosaic ritual diagnosis of the disease, (Leviticus 13:1 ; Leviticus 14:1 ) . " (Leviticus 13:12,13,16,17 ) The Egyptian bondage, with its studied degradations and privations, and especially the work of the kiln under an Egyptian sun, must have had a frightful tendency to generate this class of disorders. (Leviticus 13:2 ) But especially a white swelling in the skin, with a change of the hair of the part from the natural black to white or yellow, ch. (Leviticus 13:3,4,10,20,25,30 ) or an appearance of a taint going "deeper than the skin," or, again, "raw flesh" appearing in the swelling, ch. (Leviticus 13:10,14,15 ) was a critical sign of pollution. (Leviticus 13:12,13 ) These two opposite criteria seem to show that whilst the disease manifested activity, the Mosaic law imputed pollution to and imposed segregation on the suffered, but that the point at which it might be viewed as having run its course was the signal for his readmission to communion. It is clear that the leprosy of Levi 13,14 means any severe disease spreading on the surface of the body in the way described, and so shocking of aspect, or so generally suspected of infection, that public feeling called for separation. It certainly was not the distinctive white leprosy, nor do any of the described symptoms in Levi 13 point to elephantiasis. New-born babes of leprous parents are often as pretty and as healthy in appearance as any; but by and by its presence and workings become visible in some of the signs described in the thirteenth chapter of Leviticus
Beriah - The bloody attack of Simeon and Levi on Shechem (Genesis 34:25-29), and Pharaoh's fear lest in war the Israelites should join Egypt's foes and so get up out of the land (Exodus 1), show the possibility of their having been the aggressors, but as "come down" is more applicable to coming into than going from Egypt, probably the men of Gath were the aggressors. Their father's sorrow for them was alleviated by the birth of Beriah. A Gershomite Levite (1 Chronicles 23:10-11)
Benaiah - ) Son of Jehoiada, the chief priest (1 Chronicles 27:5), so of the tribe of Levi, though of Kabzeel in S. A Levite of David's time who "played with a psaltery on alamoth" (1 Chronicles 15:18-20; 1 Chronicles 16:5). A Levite of the sons of Asaph (2 Chronicles 20:14). A Levite overseer of offerings, under Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:13)
Matthew - ...
Matthew is the same person as Levi, a tax collector (Mark 2:14 ; Luke 5:27 ), and thus the son of Alphaeus
Birthright - Reuben forfeited the blessings of his birthright, as we see by the express declaration of his father Jacob, in his benediction of his children, Genesis 49:1 , &c, for the crime of incest with his father's concubine, on account of which his tribe continued all along in obscurity; while the priesthood was conferred on Levi, the government on Judah, and the double portion on Joseph, to descend to their respective tribes
Aaron - The son of Amram and Jochabed, of the tribe of Levi, and brother of Moses and Miriam, Exodus 6:20 ; born about the year B. He was consecrated the first high priest by God's directions, Exodus 28:1-29:46 Leviticus 8:1-36 ; and was afterwards confirmed in his office by the destruction of Korah and his company, by the staying of the plague at his intercession, and by the budding of his rod, Numbers 16:1-17:13 . He was faithful and self-sacrificing in the duties of his office, and meekly "held his peace" when his sons Nadab and Abihu were slain, Leviticus 10:1 - 3
Sim'Eon - His birth is recorded in (Genesis 29:33 ) The first group of Jacob's children consists, besides Simeon, of the three other sons of Leah --Reuben, Levi, Judah
Moses - The prophet and legislator of the Hebrews and the son of Amram and Jochebed, and of the tribe of Levi, the son of Jacob
Priest - Under the Levitical arrangements the office of the priesthood was limited to the tribe of Levi, and to only one family of that tribe, the family of Aaron. Certain laws respecting the qualifications of priests are given in Leviticus 21:16-23 . ...
Their duties were manifold (Exodus 27:20,21 ; 29:38-44 ; Leviticus 6:12 ; 10:11 ; 24:8 ; Numbers 10:1-10 ; Deuteronomy 17:8-13 ; 33:10 ; Malachi 2:7 )
Kohathites - (koh' hath ite) The descendants of Kohath, the son of Levi (Exodus 6:16 ; see Kohath). Since Kohath was the grandfather of Aaron, Moses, and Miriam (Exodus 6:20 ; Numbers 26:59 ; see Amram), the Kohathites were considered the most important of the three major Levitical families (that is, Kohathites, Gershonites, and Merarites). See Levitical Cities ; Cities of Refuge . See Levites ; Gershonites; Merarites
Jacob - But sore trials awaited him: his mother was no more; his sister-wives imbittered his life with their jealousies; his children Dinah, Simeon, Levi and Reuben filled him with grief and shame; his beloved Rachel and his father were removed by death; Joseph his favorite son he had given up as slain by wild beasts; and the loss of Benjamin threatened to bring his gray hairs with sorrow to the grave
Tribes - No doubt many members of the priestly caste were in a position to claim their descent from the tribe of Levi. Anna the prophetess, however, is stated to have belonged to the tribe of Asher (Luke 2:36), and Barnabas is described as a Levite (Acts 4:36). The tribes enumerated are Judah, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin
House - …” In a similar nuance this noun means “descendants”: “And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi” ( Malachi - But the same evils are sought to be remedied by both: see above; also compare Malachi 2:8, "ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the Lord of hosts," with Nehemiah 13:29, "they have defiled the covenant of the priesthood and of the Levites. ...
(2) Against the priests for contemptible offerings, profaning instead of honoring their Master and their Father, unlike Levi of old, who walked with God in a covenant of life and peace, turning many from iniquity, whereas they departed out of the way and caused others to stumble; therefore God will send a curse upon them, making them contemptible, even as they contemned and failed to give glory to His name (Malachi 1:6-2:9). He shall on the one hand refine the sons of Levi, so that Judah's offering shall be pleasant unto Jehovah; on the other hand He shall be a swift witness against wrong doers, wherefore "return unto Me," instead of "robbing Me of tithes," "prove Me now herewith and I will pour you out a blessing," etc
Priest, Priesthood - Numbers 16:10 ; for Korah's rebellion against the Aaronic exclusivity, and Joshua 18:7 ; for the "priesthood" of the tribe of Levi as a whole), and the Aramaic masculine noun kahen [ 2 Kings 23:5 ; Numbers 6:1-216 ; Zephaniah 1:4 ) referring exclusively to priests of foreign gods. There is a striking similarity between this ritual in Exodus 24 and the consecration of the Aaronic priests by putting some of the blood of the ordination peace offering on the right ear, thumb, and big toe of Aaron and his sons, and afterwards splashing some of it around on the altar ( Exodus 29:20 ; Leviticus 8:23-24 ). Moreover, the connection between Exodus 24,29 is confirmed by the blood manipulation for the guilt offering used to cleanse the leper in Leviticus 14 (presumably the same for all lepers whether or not they were priests). , desecrated) from the "holy"' community (Leviticus 13:46 ), therefore, it was necessary to resanctify him (i. The manipulation of oil in the case of the leper (Leviticus 14:15-18 ) also corresponds to priestly consecration procedures (cf. Exodus 29:21 ; and Leviticus 8:30 ) and further substantiates this suggestion that, from the start (i. ...
Finally, the cult granted the entire nation the privilege of eating at the Lord's table on regular occasions in accordance with the peace offering regulations in Leviticus 3,7:11-34 . Moses functioned as the original priest of Israel by initially consecrating (1) the whole kingdom of priests (Exodus 24:3-8 ), (2) the perpetual priesthood of Aaron and his descendants, who would in turn mediate for that kingdom of priests (Exodus 29 ; Leviticus 8 ), and (3) the tabernacle (Numbers 7:1 ). Of course, as brothers and sons of Amram and Jochebed (Exodus 6:20 ) Moses and Aaron were both from the tribe of Levi through Kohath. Therefore, it was natural that the Lord should then choose the whole tribe of Levi to assist the clan of Aaron with all their priestly duties in place of the firstborn of all Israel (Numbers 8:14-19 ). Exodus 33:14-15 ; Leviticus 10:2 ) according to the basic principles of holy versus profane (Leviticus 10:10 a), clean versus unclean (v. Following these rules and procedures was a matter of survival for the nation in general (Leviticus 15:31 b, "so they will not die in their uncleanness for defiling my dwelling place, which is among them" cf. Exodus 32:35 ; 33:2-3,14-15 ) as well as for the priests in particular (see the death of Nadab and Abihu in Leviticus 10 ). ...
It was not just the sons of Aaron but the whole tribe of Levi who were responsible for maintaining proper levels of sanctity and purity in regard to the sanctuary presence of the Lord as a whole (Numbers 18:1 a; "You [1], your sons and your father's family [2] are to bear the responsibility for offenses against the sanctuary" note the clarification regarding the Levites in Numbers 18:2-6 ; and cf. ...
Initially, the duties of the Levites in assisting the priests focused on such tasks as the transportation of the tabernacle (see, e. The importance of the Levites in the priestly functions of the sanctuary are well illustrated by their involvement in the reforms of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29-31 ) and Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:9 ; 35:10-15 ). ...
On the other hand, although the Levites assisted the priests, it was the priests alone, Aaron and his descendants (no other Levites), who were responsible for dealing directly with the burnt offering altar or anything inside the Holy Place or Holy of Holies (Numbers 18:1 b). The priestly responsibilities and prerogatives for each of the major ritual procedures is prescribed in detail in Leviticus 6:8-7:36 . Regular daily responsibilities included keeping the lamps burning continually in the tent of meeting by attending to them each evening and morning (Leviticus 24:3-4 ; cf. Exodus 27:20-21 ), and keeping the fire continually burning on the burnt offering altar as part of the regular morning and evening burnt offering rituals (Leviticus 6:12-13 ; cf. Weekly responsibilities included replacing the twelve cakes of the "bread of presence" on the table in the tent of meeting each sabbath (Leviticus 24:5-9 ; cf. ...
At the special festival times the priests had specific responsibilities in handling the offerings brought by the people (Leviticus 23:9-21,25,36-38 ). In addition to the normal regulations for offering sacrifices and offerings the priests were in charge of the valuation for the redemption of vows and things consecrated to the Lord (Leviticus 27 ), the oversight of the sin offering for jealousy (Numbers 5:11-31 ), and the regulations for the Nazirite vow (1618106976_24 ). ...
Second, the Aaronic priests were responsible to maintain the sanctity and purity of the sanctuary (Leviticus 10:10 ). They were to accomplish this by teaching the people the laws of purity (Leviticus 11:46 ; 12:7 ; 13:59 ; 14:57 ; 15:32 ) and by functioning as the regulators of certain aspects of the society based on those rules. ...
Sometimes this involved presiding over certain specified sacrificial cleansing procedures on irregular occasions: for example, the burnt and sin offering rituals for the woman after childbirth (Leviticus 12:6-8 ), the combination of two bird, guilt, sin, and burnt offering rituals for the cleansing of the leper (Leviticus 14:4-20 ), the sin and burnt offering rituals for the man or woman with an irregular discharge (Leviticus 15:13-15,25-30 ), and the preparation of the ashes of the red heifer for purification for touching a dead corpse (Numbers 19:1-10 ). In addition, they diagnosed and regulated the expulsion and readmission of people with infectious skin diseases (Leviticus 13 ; cf. the cleansing procedures in Leviticus 14 referred to above), and were responsible to preside over the removal of bloodguiltiness for an unsolved homicide in the land ( Deuteronomy 21:1-9 , esp. Leviticus 10:10 relates primarily to issues of "the holy and the common" and "the unclean and the clean. Deuteronomy 21:5 is particularly instructive regarding these responsibilities of the priests: "The priests, the sons of Levi" were charged to "pronounce blessings in the name of the Lord and to decide all cases of dispute and assault
Ephraim, the Tribe of - Thus there were in reality thirteen tribes; but the number twelve was preserved by excluding that of Levi when Ephraim and Manasseh are mentioned separately (Numbers 1:32-34 ; Joshua 17:14,17 ; 1 Chronicles 7:20 )
Unclean Meats - These were things strangled, or dead of themselves or through beasts or birds of prey; whatever beast did not both part the hoof and chew the cud; and certain other smaller animals rated as "creeping things;" certain classes of birds mentioned in Levi 11 and Deuteronomy 14 twenty or twenty-one in all; whatever in the waters had not both fins and scales whatever winged insect had not besides four legs the two hindlegs for leaping; Besides things offered in sacrifice to idols; and ail blood or whatever contained it (save perhaps the blood of fish, as would appear from that only of beast and bird being forbidden,) ( Leviticus 7:26 ) and therefore flesh cut from the live animal; as also all fat, at any rate that disposed in masses among the intestines, and probably wherever discernible end separable among the flesh. (Leviticus 3:14-17 ; 7:23 ) The eating of blood was prohibited even to "the stranger that sojourneth among you. " (Leviticus 17:10 ; 12:14 ) As regards blood, the prohibition indeed dates from the declaration to Noah against "flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof" in (Genesis 9:4 ) which was perhaps by Moses as still binding upon all Noah's descendants
Alphaeus - —In the NT this name is borne by (1) the father of the Levi who is commonly identified with Matthew the Apostle (Mark 2:14); (2) the father of the second James in the lists of the Apostles (Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:15, Acts 1:13)
ma'ry the Virgin, - (Psalm 132:11 ; Luke 1:32 ; Romans 1:3 ) She had a sister, named, like herself, (John 19:25 ) and she was connected by marriage, (Luke 1:36 ) with Elizabeth, who was of the tribe of Levi and of the lineage of Aaron
Melchizedek - ’ This ascription of priestly functions to a sovereign who was expected to be of the house of David and the tribe of Judah is evidently meant as an exceptional distinction, and implies that the writer lived at a time when priests in Israel were taken exclusively from the tribe of Levi, as was the case after the promulgation of the Deuteronomic law (probably in the 7th cent. At an earlier date persons belonging to other tribes than that of Levi were sometimes priests: David’s sons ( 2 Samuel 8:18 ); and Ira the Jairite ( 2 Samuel 20:26 ), who belonged to Manasseh ( Numbers 32:41 ); but the author of Psalms 110:1-7 , in seeking a type for the combination in the same person of both the regal and priestly offices, had to go outside the limits of Israel, and found what he wanted in the priest-king of Salem, who was all the more adapted for the purpose by reason of the deference paid to him by so illustrious a personage as Abraham. He explains Melchizedek’s name to mean ‘king of righteousness,’ and his title of ‘king of Salem’ to mean ‘king of peace’; and then, arguing from the silence of the record respecting his parentage, birth, and death, describes him as ‘without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God,’ and affirms him to have been greater than Abraham, since he blessed him (‘for without any dispute the less is blessed of the better’) and received from him (and through him from his unborn descendants the Levitical priests) a tithe of his spoils ( Hebrews 7:1-16 ). At the same time it may perhaps be said that, as contrasted with the Levitical priests who succeeded to their priestly offices by reason of their descent, an ancient priest-king is really typical of our Lord, inasmuch as it is likely that, in a primitive age, such a one would owe his position to his natural endowments and force of character
u'Rim And Thum'Mim - (Leviticus 8:8 ) They pass from Aaron to Eleazar with the sacred ephod and other pontificalia . (Numbers 27:21 ) In the blessings of Moses they appear as the crowning glory of the tribe of Levi: "thy Thummim and thy Urim are with thy Holy One
Reu'Ben - (Genesis 35:22 ) He was of an ardent, impetuous, unbalanced but not ungenerous nature; not crafty and cruel, as were Simeon and Levi, but rather, to use the metaphor of the dying patriarch, boiling up like a vessel of water over a rapid wood fire, and as quickly subsiding when the fuel was withdrawn
Shimei, Shimeites - Shimei was a popular name among the Hebrews, being especially common in Levitical circles. The grandson of Levi ( Exodus 6:17 , Numbers 3:18 ; Numbers 3:21 , 1Ch 6:17 ; 1 Chronicles 23:7 ; 1 Chronicles 23:9 ). The tenth course of Levitical singers who were appointed by David ( 1 Chronicles 25:17 ). A Levite who took part in the cleansing of the Temple under Hezekiah, probably identical with one mentioned later as having charge of the tithes and oblations ( 2 Chronicles 29:14 ; 2 Chronicles 31:12-13 ). In Zechariah 12:13 the family of the Shimeites are mentioned as participants in the mourning for national guilt; they appear in this connexion as representatives of the Levites
Uzzia(h) - Descendant of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:24 )
Urim And Thummim - Inside the high priest's breast-plate were placed the Urim and Thummim when he went in before the Lord (Exodus 28:15-30; Leviticus 8:8). Levi's glory was "thy Thummim and thy Urim are with thy Holy One," i. with Levi as representing, the whole priestly and Levitical stock sprung from him (Deuteronomy 33:8-9)
Tribe - For the tribe of Levi, which was appointed to the service of the tabernacle of the Lord, had no share in the distribution of the land, but only some cities in which to dwell, and the first fruits, tithes, and oblations of the people, which was all their subsistence
Levite - The Levites were the servants, or ministers, in the Israelite religious system. They were descended from the third son of Jacob and formed one of the tribes of Israel (Genesis 29:31-34; see Levi). The Levites were divided into three sections that corresponded to the three families descended from Levi’s three sons, Gershon, Kohath and Merari (Exodus 6:16; Numbers 3:14-20). ...
Although the Levites had general duties in the tabernacle and temple ceremonies, only those of one family within the tribe, the family of Aaron, were priests (Exodus 6:16-25; Exodus 29:9). ...
Duties concerning the tabernacle...
After helping to construct the tabernacle (Exodus 38:21), the Levites had the duty of setting up, taking down, maintaining and transporting the tabernacle on the journey to Canaan (Numbers 1:50-51). ...
On the journey the Levites travelled in the centre of the procession (Numbers 2:17). For the service of the tabernacle, however, God used the Levites instead of the firstborn (Numbers 3:11-13; Numbers 3:40-51). ...
In a dedication ceremony involving cleansing rituals and sacrificial offerings, Moses and Aaron presented the Levites to God for his service (Numbers 8:5-13). God then gave the Levites back to Aaron to help him and the other priests in their work (Numbers 8:14-19). Leaders of the people also took part in the ceremony, to indicate symbolically that the Levites were the people’s representatives (Numbers 8:9-10). ...
Levites began their service at the age of thirty, though this was apparently preceded by a training period of five years. Having no time to earn a living as others, the Levites received their income in the form of tithes offered by the people (Numbers 18:21-28; see TITHES). ...
Although Levi had no tribal area of its own, Joshua gave the Levites cities in each of the other tribes. There were forty-eight Levitical cities and these were divided among four groups – the priestly Kohathites (Aaron was a Kohathite; Exodus 6:16-20), the non-priestly Kohathites, the Gershonites, and the Merarites. ...
Temple service...
In arranging the functions for priests and Levites in Israel’s temple services, David divided the Levitical singers and musicians into the usual three family groups. ...
Other duties of Levites included cleaning the temple (1 Chronicles 23:28), helping the priests in the temple rituals (1 Chronicles 23:28-32), serving as temple guards (1 Chronicles 9:17-27) and looking after the furniture, food and spices used in the ceremonies (1 Chronicles 9:28-32). Some of the Levites served as judges and officials of various kinds (1 Chronicles 23:4; 1 Chronicles 26:20). ...
When David found that there were too many Levites for the amount of work available, he divided them into twenty-four groups according to their family descent. Priests and Levites usually played an important part in the reforms that godly kings carried out (2 Chronicles 17:7-9; 2 Chronicles 19:8-11; 2 Chronicles 29:1-16; 2 Chronicles 30:21-22; 2 Chronicles 34:8-13), though at times they were slow to respond to the king’s directions (2 Chronicles 24:4-13). A feature of some of the reforms was the organization of temple duties for priests and Levites according to David’s original plan (2 Chronicles 29:25-30; 2 Chronicles 31:2-19; 2 Chronicles 35:1-15). ...
When, after seventy years captivity in Babylon, the Jews were released, many Levites were among those who returned to Jerusalem (Ezra 2:40-42). The Levites helped the priests and scribes in this work (Nehemiah 8:7-9), but the good work of these early leaders was not maintained by those of later generations. Nevertheless, people of New Testament times still saw Levites as a class of people distinct from both the priests and the scribes (Luke 10:25; Luke 10:31-32; John 1:19; Acts 4:36)
Firstborn - ...
The firstborn of an unclean animal had to be redeemed by an estimation of the priest, with the addition of one-fifth (Leviticus 27:27 ; Numbers 18:15 ). Within Israel, the tribe of Levi represented the firstborn of the nation in its worship ceremony (Numbers 3:40-41 ; Numbers 8:18 )
Mary - She was connected by marriage, Luke 1:36, with Elisabeth, who was of the tribe of Levi and of the lineage of Aaron
Zadok - At Absalom's revolt Zadok and the Levites bearing the ark accompanied David in leaving Jerusalem, but at his request returned with the ark and along with Hushai and Abiathar became David's medium of knowing events passing in the city, through Jonathan and Ahimaaz. Intermarriages of Judah with the tribe of Levi were frequent, Whence Zadok appears in Judah (Matthew 1:14)
Publican - Under them were "chiefs of publicans," having supervision of a district, as Zacchaeus (Luke 19), in the provinces; and under these again the ordinary "publicans" (in the New Testament sense) who, like Levi or Matthew, gathered the customs on exports and imports and taxes (Matthew 9:9-11; Mark 2:14, etc. Levi's post was on the great road between Damascus and the seaports of Phoenicia
Belial, Beliar - li, 6; Levi-Kohler in Jewish Encyclopedia ii
Publican - Matthew (Levi), who was called to be an Apostle from the place of toll (τελώνιον) on the shores of the Lake of Galilee at Capernaum (Matthew 9:9, Mark 2:14, Luke 5:27)
Serve - In the temple of Ezekiel’s vision, those Levites who had “… ministered unto them [1] before their idols …” were forbidden by the Lord to serve as priests ( Levi … to minister unto him, and to bless in his name …” ( Levi, Moses was to anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them, that they may “minister” as priests ( Levi near, and present them before Aaron, the priest, that they may minister [2] unto him” ( Levites before the Lord … that they may execute the service of the Lord. The Levites also had many important functions in and around the temple; they sang, played musical instruments, and were secretaries, scribes, and doorkeepers ( Priest - The priest under the law was, among the Hebrews, a person consecrated and ordained of God to offer up sacrifices for his own sins and those of the people, Leviticus 4:5-6 . But after the Lord had chosen the tribe of Levi to serve him in his tabernacle, and the priesthood was annexed to the family of Aaron, then the right of offering sacrifices to God was reserved to the priests alone of this family. God having reserved to himself the first-born of all Israel, because he had preserved them from the hand of the destroying angel in Egypt, by way of exchange or compensation accepted of the tribe of Levi for the service of the tabernacle, Numbers 3:41 . Of the three sons of Levi, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, the Lord chose the family of Kohath, and out of this the house of Aaron, to exercise the functions of the priesthood. All the rest of the family of Kohath, even the children of Moses and their descendants, remained of the order of mere Levites. See LeviTES . ...
The posterity of the sons of Aaron, namely, Eleazar and Ithamar, Leviticus 10:1-5 ; 1 Chronicles 24:1-2 , had so increased in number in the time of David, that they were divided into twenty-four classes, which officiated a week at a time alternately. ...
Aaron, the high priest, was set apart to his office by the same ceremonies with which his sons the priests were, with this exception, that the former was clothed in his robes, and the sacred oil was poured upon his head, Exodus 29:5-9 ; Leviticus 8:2 . The remaining parts of the animal were all burned without the camp, Exodus 29:10-14 ; Leviticus 8:2-3 ; Leviticus 8:14-17 . They in like manner placed their hands on the head of one of the rams, which was also slain by Moses for a whole burnt- offering, the blood was sprinkled around the altar, and the parts of the ram were separated and burned upon it, Exodus 29:15-18 ; Leviticus 8:18-21 . He anointed the high priest by pouring a profusion of oil upon his head; whence he is called the anointed, Leviticus 5:3 ; Leviticus 5:5 ; Leviticus 5:16 ; Leviticus 6:15 ; Psalms 133:2 . This ceremony was called "filling the hands," expressions which accordingly in a number of passages mean the same as consecrating, Exodus 32:29 ; Leviticus 16:32 ; 1 Chronicles 29:5 . This ceremony, which continued for eight days, for ever separated the priests from all the other Israelites, not excepting the Levites; so that there was subsequently no need of any farther consecration, neither for themselves nor their posterity, Exodus 29:35-37 ; Leviticus 10:7 ; Romans 1:1 ; Ephesians 3:3 ; Acts 13:2-3 . That the ceremonies of inauguration or consecration, however, were practised at every new accession of a high priest to his office, seems to be hinted in the following passages, Exodus 29:29 ; Leviticus 16:32 ; Leviticus 21:10 ; Numbers 20:26-28 ; Numbers 35:25 . A sort of hose, made of cotton or linen, which was fastened round the loins, and extended down so as to cover the thighs, Leviticus 6:10 ; Ezekiel 44:18 . The mitre or turban was originally acuminated in its shape, was lofty, and was bound upon the head, Exodus 28:8 ; Exodus 28:40 ; Exodus 29:9 ; Leviticus 8:13 . The priests were not suffered to offer incense to the Lord with strange fire, Leviticus 10:1-2 ; that is, with any other fire than what should be taken from the altar of burnt- sacrifices. The Lord had given no lands of inheritance to the tribe of Levi in the distribution of the land of promise. The first fruits of trees, Leviticus 19:23-24 , that is, those that came on the fourth year, belonged also to the priest. They gave also to the priests and Levites an allowance out of the dough that they kneaded. They had the tithe of all the fruits of the land, and of all animals which were fed under the shepherd's crook, Leviticus 27:31-32 . Of these forty-eight cities six were appointed to be cities of refuge, for the sake of those who should commit any casual or involuntary manslaughter; the priests had thirteen of these for their share, and all the others belonged to the Levites, Joshua 21:19 . One of the chief employments of the priests, next to attending upon the sacrifices and the service of the tabernacle or temple, was the instruction of the people and the deciding controversies, distinguishing the several sorts of leprosy, the causes of divorce, the waters of jealousy, vows, all causes relating to the law, the uncleannesses that were contracted several ways; all these things were brought before the priests, Hosea 4:6 ; Malachi 2:7 , &c; Leviticus 13:14 ; Numbers 5:14-15
Korah - Son (or, descendant) of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi. Ringleader of the rebellion against Moses and Aaron (Numbers 16; Numbers 26:9-11); the one solitary anecdote recorded of the 38 years' wandering, uncircumcision, and shame, Not content with his honourable post as a Levite "minister" to the sanctuary, Korah "sought the priesthood also. The Reubenites' sin was in desiring to set aside all special ministries, in which Korah to gain their support joined them ostensibly; he did not really wish to raise the people to a level with the Levites, but the Levites alone to the level of the priests. shall be holy; ye take too much upon you, ye sons of Levi," retorting their own words. Fire from Jehovah (probably from the altar, Leviticus 10:1-7) consumed Korah and the 250 incense offerers who were apart "at the door of the tabernacle" (Numbers 16:18-19; Numbers 16:33-35)
Nathan - ) "The family of the house of David and the family of the house of Nathan" represent the highest and lowest of the royal order; as "the family of the house of Levi and the family of Shimei" represent the highest and lowest of the priestly order (Zechariah 12:12-13). A head man who returned with Ezra on his second expedition, and whom Ezra despatched from his encampment at the river Ahava to the Jews at Casiphia, to get Levites and Nethinim for the temple (Ezra 8:16)
Dinah - But Simeon and Levi, her own brothers, eager for revenge, required the Circumcision of the Shechemites as a condition of union, a rite already known in Egypt as an act of priestly consecration; and when the feverish pain of the operation was at its height, on the third day, the two brothers, with their retainers, took cowardly advantage of their state, attacked, and killed all the males in the city
Hate - It is blessedly said of Levi, that in his zeal and love to JEHOVAH'S Holy One he said, "of his father, and his mother, I have not seen him, neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children
Abijah - Israel had 1,100,000; Judah had 470,000 and this was without Levi and Benjamin, who were not counted
Test - … And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver …” ( Malachi - But the first coming of the Lord is here connected with His second coming, when He will sit as a refiner, and will purge away the dross, and then shall the sons of Levi offer an offering in righteousness
Elders - But it is credible, that as there were twelve tribes, there were seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, and that seventy is set down, instead of seventy-two; or rather, that Moses and Aaron should be added to the number seventy, and that, exclusive of them, there were but four elders from the tribe of Levi
First-Born - The honour of exercising the priesthood was transferred, by the command of God communicated through Moses, from the tribe of Reuben, to whom it belonged by right of primogeniture, to that of Levi, Numbers 3:12-18 ...
Numbers 8:18 . In consequence of God having taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the first-born to serve him as priests, the first-born of the other tribes were to be redeemed, at a valuation made by the priest not exceeding five shekels, from serving God in that capacity, Numbers 18:15-16 , Luke 2:22 , &c
Aaron - (according to Jerome means "mountain of strength"), the oldest son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi; brother of Moses and Miriam (Numbers 26:59; Exodus 6:20) 1574 B. Jochebed, mother of Moses and Aaron, bore them three centuries after the death of Levi (Exodus 2:1); "daughter of Levi, whom her mother bore to Levi," means "a daughter of a Levite whom her mother bore to a Levite. " The point of Numbers 26:59 is, Moses and Aaron were Levites both on the father's side and mother's side, Hebrew of Hebrew. ...
The first mention of Aaron is in Exodus 4:14; where, in answer to Moses' objection that he did not have the eloquence needed for such a mission as that to Pharaoh, Jehovah answers: "Is not Aaron, the Levite, thy brother? I know that he can speak well: and thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth; and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do; and he shall be thy spokesman unto the people; and he shall be instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God. " His being described as "the Levite" implies that he already took a lead in his tribe; and, as the firstborn son, he would be priest of the household. "...
Aaron's humiliation and repentance must have been very deep; for two months after this great sin, God's foreappointed plan (Exodus 29) was carried into effect in the consecration of Aaron to the high priesthood (Leviticus 8). ...
Nadab and Abihu, probably (see Leviticus 10:8-9) under the effects of wine taken when about to be consecrated, instead of taking the sacred fire from the brazen altar, burned the incense on the golden altar with common fire; or, as Knobel and Speaker's Commentary think, they offered the incense in accompaniment of the people's shouts, not at the due time of morning or evening sacrifice, but in their own self-willed manner and at their own time. The only token of anguish Aaron manifested was his forbearing to eat that day the flesh of the people's sin offering: Leviticus 10:12-20. ), in the wilderness of Paran, the rebellion took place of Korah and the Levites against Aaron's monopoly of the priesthood, and of Dathan, Abiram, and the Reubenites against Moses' authority as civil leader
Aaron - IS NOT AARON THE LeviTE THY BROTHER? I KNOW THAT HE CAN SPEAK WELL...
WHAT a gifted house! What an honour to that man of the house of Levi who took to wife a daughter of Levi! What a rich slave-hut was that with Miriam and Aaron and Moses all born of God into it! What splendid wages to have three such children given to that son and daughter of Levi to nurse up for the Lord, and for Israel, and for all the world; three such goodly children as Miriam the prophetess, and Aaron the high priest, and Moses the deliverer and leader and lawgiver of Israel. Has there ever been another house gifted like that house in Goshen on the face of the earth? I have not heard or read of another house in all the world like the house of Amram of the house of Levi, and his wife God-my-glory. Yes, indeed, what a highly honoured house was the house of that son and daughter of Levi, Amram and God-her-glory. And the Lord said to Moses, 'Who hath made man's voice? Is not Aaron the Levite thy brother? And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people; he shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God
Laban (2) - By his daughters Leah and Rachel he was progenitor of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah (of which tribe Christ came), Issachar, and Zebulun, one half of the whole Israelite nation, besides Dinah
Partake, Partaker - ) another tribe than that of Levi (AV, "pertaineth to")
Aaron - His parents Amram and Jochebed were Kohathites of the tribe of Levi. Aaron was duly attired and dedicated as God's priest (Leviticus 8-9 ). Kinlaw, Leviticus
Atonement, the Day of - [1] The mode of its observance is described in Levi 16, and the conduct of the people is emphatically enjoined in (Leviticus 23:26-32 ) II
Pseudepigrapha - In most of the testaments, the children are told to give honor to Levi and Judah. The book refers to two messiahs: one from Levi, one from Judah
Priesthood of the Believer - Further, this priesthood of Christ is said to be “after the order of Melchizedek” (Hebrews 5:6 ), which means that God appointed Him directly and Jesus did not have to trace His priesthood through the human line of Aaron or Levi
James - ...
Tradition says that he had been a tax-gatherer, and it is very possible that his father Alphæus was the same person as Alphæus the father of Levi the tax-gatherer (Mark 2:14 ), afterwards Matthew the Apostle and Evangelist
Aaron (2) - If He were on earth, He would not be a priest at all, springing as He did from Judah, not from Levi (Hebrews 7:14)
Abomination, Abomination of Desolation - Shiqquts , “a detested thing,” and shaqats , “to be filthy” refer to that which cannot be accepted in worship or eaten (Leviticus 11:1 ). Piggul , “stinking, rotten” refers to meat unfit for sacrifice (Leviticus 7:18 ). To' ebah , “offensive, detestable,” the most common word for abominable, occurring 117 times to refer to worship, cultural and moral practices which offend such as homosexuality (Leviticus 18:22 ), Egyptians' eating with foreigners (Genesis 43:22 ), and particularly foreign gods (Ezekiel 6:11 ). ...
The historical situation of Daniel is clarified in 1 Maccabees 1:54 ; 1 Maccabees 6:7 ; 2 Maccabees 6:2 ; 2 Maccabees 1:1 Enoch 89:68-90:27; and Testament of Levi 16-17
High Place - On the “high place,” a temple was built and dedicated to a god: "[6] made a house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi” (1 Kings 12:31)
Sacrifice - Under the Old Law the priesthood was restricted to members of the tribe of Levi; under the new, priests are constituted, without alty restrictions as to descent, by the reception of the sacrament of Holy Orders, through which sacrificial power and authority are conferred on them by Christ, the eternal and sole high priest
Levites - All the descendants of Levi may be comprised under this name, Exodus 6:16,25 Joshua 3:3 , (see Numbers 3:6-10 18:2-7 . God chose the Levites for the service of his tabernacle and temple, instead of the firstborn of all Israel, to whom such duties naturally belonged, and who were already sacred to God in memory of the great deliverance in Egypt. In the wilderness, the Levites took charge of the tabernacle and its contents; and conveyed it from place to place, each of the three families having a separate portion, Numbers 1:51 4:1-49 1 Chronicles 15:2,27 . God provided for the subsistence of the Levites, by giving to them the tithe of corn, fruit, and cattle; but they paid to the priests the tenth of their tithes; and as the Levites possessed no estates in land, the tithes which the priests received from them were considered as the first fruits which they were to offer to the Lord, Numbers 18:21-32 . The payment of tithes to the Levites appears not to have been enforced, but depended on the goodwill of the people; hence the special charges laid on their brethren, not to forget them, Deuteronomy 2:12,18,19 . ...
God assigned for the habitation of the Levites forty-eight cities, with fields, pastures, and gardens, Numbers 35:1-34 . Six of the Levitical cities were appointed as cities of refuge, Joshua 20:1-21:45 . While the Levites were actually employed in the temple, they were supported out of the provisions kept in store there, and out of the daily offerings. The consecration of Levites was without much ceremony. ...
The Levites wore no peculiar dress to distinguish them from other Israelites, till the time of Agrippa. ...
The Levites were divided into different classes: the Gershomites, Kohathites, and Merarites, Numbers 3:17-20 . After the revolt of the ten tribes, a large portion of the Levites abandoned their cities in Israel, and dwelt in Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:12-14 13:9-11
Leviticus - Israel’s priesthood was commonly known as the Levitical priesthood (Hebrews 7:11), and the book that deals more than any other with that priesthood is known as the Levitical book, or Leviticus. The priests, however, were only one family in the tribe of Levi. Matters relating to the non-priestly Levites are dealt with in the next book, Numbers. The regulations that God laid down under the covenant begin in Exodus and carry on through Leviticus into Numbers. He gave the people a sacrificial system by which they could express their relationship with him (Leviticus 1-10); he set out laws to regulate cleanliness and holiness (Leviticus 11-22); he gave details concerning festivals and other special occasions (Leviticus 23-27); and he outlined certain duties, particularly in relation to the Levites (Numbers 1-10). ...
A central theme of Leviticus is that priests and common people alike were to be pure in their relations with God and with one another. Because God was holy, they were to be holy (Leviticus 11:44-45; Leviticus 20:26). People did not have to try to squeeze forgiveness from an unwilling God; God himself took the initiative by giving them the blood of animals to make atonement for their sin (Leviticus 17:11; see BLOOD; SACRIFICE)
Tribes of Israel, the - The sons of Leah included Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah (Genesis 29:31-35 ), Issachar and Zebulun, as well as one daughter named Dinah (Genesis 30:19-21 ). Because Simeon and Levi were full brothers of Dinah, they sought to avenge her (Genesis 34:25-26 ) for Shechem's actions (Genesis 34:1-4 ). Its status is best reflected in the final statement of Jacob's blessing of Simeon and Levi: “I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel” (Genesis 49:7 ). Levi was the third son of Jacob and Leah. See Levites ; Levitical Cities ; Priests . The story of the Levite and his concubine reflects the inhumane acts for which the Benjaminites were responsible ( Judges 19:1 )
Capernaum - Here Levi, or Matthew, was called (Matthew 9:9; Matthew 17:24)
Blessing - Those who possessed a priestly role were bestowed with the privilege of blessing (Genesis 14:19 ; Leviticus 9:22 ). The tribe of Levi was set apart "to pronounce blessings in his [1] name" (Deuteronomy 10:8 ; 21:5 )
Tithes - So Abram (and Levi, as in Abram's loins) to Melchizedek the king priest who blessed him (Genesis 14:20; Hebrews 7:1-10). Leviticus 27:30-33, "whatsoever passed under the rod": the rabbis had the tradition that the animals to be tithed were enclosed in a pen, from whence they passed one by one under the counter's rod, and every tenth was touched with a rod dipped in vermilion (Jeremiah 33:13; Ezekiel 20:37). ...
The Levites received this terumot ; they in turn paid a tenth of this to the high priest (Numbers 18:21-28; Numbers 18:31). In Deuteronomy 10:9; Deuteronomy 12:5-18; Deuteronomy 14:22; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 18:1-2; Deuteronomy 26:12-14, the general first tithe of all animal and vegetable increase for maintaining the priests and Levites is taken, for granted; what is added in this later time is the second additional tithe of the field produce alone, and for celebrating the sacred feasts each first and second year in the Shiloh or Jerusalem sanctuary, and every third year at home with a feast to the Levites, the stranger, fatherless, and widow. ...
Maimonides denies a third tithe (which would be an excessive burden) and represents the seceded tithe of the third and sixth years as shared between the poor and the Levites. Thus there was a yearly tithe for the Levites, a second yearly tithe for two years for the festivals; but this second tithe on every third year was shared by the Levites with the poor
Calf, Golden - The sequel tells of Moses’ return, of the destruction of the image, and finally of Moses’ call to his tribesmen, the sons of Levi, to prove their zeal for the pure worship of J″ Matthew - He is also called Levi (Mark 2:14, Luke 5:29), and many have supposed that he received the name Matthew after his call by Jesus, just as Simon became Peter
Inherit - The priests and the Levites, whose earthly “possessions” were limited, were assured that their “possession” is the Lord: “Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, according as the Lord thy God promised him” ( Strength - ” This nuance of the word focuses on that which demonstrates one’s ability, his wealth or goods; Levi, Simeon, and their cohorts attacked the Shechemites: “And all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all that was in the home” ( Vessel - ...
This word may be used of various “implements or tools”: “Simeon and Levi are brethren instruments of cruelty are in their habitations” ( Breastplate - Levi
Judah - Genesis 35:22 ), and Simeon and Levi, because of their barbarous conduct towards the Shechemites, fall before their enemies and into disfavour with their brethren, and Judah succeeds to the primogenitureship. A Levite, Ezra 10:23 = 1E Esther 9:23 Judges 1:4
Aaron - ...
Aaron's parents Amram and Jochebed were from the tribe of Levi, Israel's tribe of priests. The first two perished when they offered sacrifices with fire that God had not commanded them to make (Leviticus 10:1-2 ; Leviticus 16:1-2 ). ...
Aaron experienced the joy of starting Israel's formal priesthood, being consecrated to the office (Exodus 28-29 ; Leviticus 8-9 ), wearing the first priestly garments, and initiating the sacrificial system (Leviticus 1-7 ). He also bore the burdens of his office as his sons were killed for their disobedience (Leviticus 10:1-2 ), and he could not mourn for them (Leviticus 10:6-7 ). He also bore the special rules of conduct, clothing, and ritual cleanness (Leviticus 27:1-22:33 ). Thus he had to offer sacrifices for his own sins (Leviticus 16:11 ). The Levites, the tribe of Moses and Aaron, rallied to Moses and were blessed accordingly (Exodus 32:26-29 )
Israel, Kingdom of - ( 1 Kings 11:31,35 ) These were probably Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh), Issachar, Zebulun, Asher, Naphtali, Benjamin, Dan, Simeon, Gad and Reuben; Levi being intentionally omitted
High Priest - In Leviticus 4:3 and elsewhere "the priest that is anointed," for he alone of the priests was anointed on the head in consecration, "the crown of the anointing oil of his God" Leviticus 21:12), i. ...
The high priest's special designation, "the priest that is anointed" (Leviticus 4:3), implies a marked distinction between his anointing and theirs, besides what was common to both, namely, the "sprinkling. In other nations the priesthood was dissevered from every other class, but in Israel Levi held the priesthood rightfully belonging to all, and only delegated to one tribe and family as representing the whole; as Numbers 8:10 proves. ...
This trust was delegated to Levi only until all the children of God could exercise it suitably. Levi the priest tribe is called "God's holy one," privileged to bear the Urim and Thummim because of proved faithfulness (Deuteronomy 33:8). An ordinary linen ephod was worn by other priests (1 Samuel 22:18); by Samuel, only a Levite (2 Samuel 2:18); and by David (2 Samuel 6:14). The high priest in his robes of glory and beauty in Josephus' time entered the temple before all the people on the great Day of Atonement, then in secret in obedience to the law (Leviticus 16:4; Leviticus 16:24) assumed his linen garments alone and made expiation; afterward resuming his splendid robes, he appeared before the people (Bell. The epistle to the Hebrew is the New Testament Leviticus, unfolding the spiritual and everlasting meaning of the legal priestly types fulfilled in Christ. His true sphere of priesthood is in heaven, for "if He were on earth He would not even be a priest" (Hebrews 8:4; Hebrews 7:13-14), being of Judah, not Levi the priestly tribe, whose functions He never assumed on earth because His was an infinitely better priesthood
Priests And Levites - PRIESTS AND LeviTES . It comprised the whole of Leviticus and the ritual portions of Numbers, all the regulations connected with the Tabernacle in Exodus, together with certain narrative portions especially connected with religious institutions the Sabbath, circumcision, and the like and statistical statements throughout the Hexateuch. ]'>[1] , the Jewish hierarchy was threefold, including high priest, priest, and Levite, distinguished by different functions and different privileges. The sacrificial ceremonies lasted for seven days (Exodus 29:1-46 , Leviticus 8:1-36 ). The special duties of the high priest included the offering of a daily meal-offering ( Leviticus 6:19-20 , where the words ‘in the day when he is anointed’ are probably a later interpolation). He had also to perform the ceremonial sprinklings in the case of sin-offerings for the whole people ( Leviticus 4:13-21 ). But by far the most important ceremonies were those connected with the great Day of Atonement, on which day alone he, and he alone, attired merely in the linen garb of the priest, entered the ‘Holy of Holies’ and sprinkled the mercy seat with the blood of a bullock as a sin-offering for himself, and that of a goat as a sin-offering for the people ( Leviticus 16:1-34 ). The priests who belonged to the family of Aaron were consecrated by special ceremonies like those of the high priest, but less elaborate ( Exodus 29:1-46 , Leviticus 8:1-36 ). These did not, however, include, in later times at any rate, anointing, the high priest being called by way of distinction ‘the anointed priest’ ( Leviticus 4:1-35 passim , cf. At most the anointing of priests meant sprinkling the different parts of the body with the holy oil as well as with the blood ( Exodus 29:21 , Leviticus 8:30 ). These were ‘linen’ breeches, coats of checker-work, girdles and head-tires ( Exodus 28:42 ; Exodus 29:3 ; Exodus 29:9 , Leviticus 8:13 ). They did not, except usually in the case of public sacrifices, themselves kill the victim ( Leviticus 1:1-17 ; Leviticus 2:1-16 ; Leviticus 3:1-17 ; Leviticus 4:1-35 ; Leviticus 5:1-19 ; Leviticus 6:1-30 ). ( b ) They were required to give decisions, after examination, about suspected leprosy, plague, and mouldin garments and houses, and to perform the required rites ( Leviticus 13:1-59 ; Leviticus 14:1-57 ). ( c ) It was also their duty to blow the trumpets, whether as the alarm of war or at the new moon, especially that of the 7th month, and at the set feasts ( Numbers 10:10 , Leviticus 23:24 ; cf. Psalms 81:3 ) and on the Day of Atonement of the Jubilee year ( Leviticus 25:9 ). The priests were supported ( a ) partly by the tithe of the tithe which they received from the Levites ( Numbers 18:26 ); ( b ) partly by the first-fruits and firstlings, including the redemption money for men and unclean beasts ( Numbers 18:12-18 , Leviticus 7:30-34 ); ( c ) partly by sacrificial dues of various kinds. The latter included (1) practically the whole of private meal-offerings, whether flour or cakes, sin-offerings and guilt-offerings ( Numbers 18:9 , Leviticus 5:16 ; Leviticus 10:16-20 ). These were regarded as ‘most holy,’ and might be eaten only by the priest and his sons as a sacrificial act in the Temple precincts ( Leviticus 6:16 ; Leviticus 6:26 ; Leviticus 7:8 , Numbers 18:10 ). (2) Of peace-offerings the breast and the thigh, which might be eaten by any of the priest’s family, the sacrificial act consisting in their first being ‘waved’ or ‘heaved’ respectively ( Numbers 18:11 , Leviticus 7:30-34 ). (3) The skin of the burnt-offerings ( Leviticus 7:8 ). ( Leviticus 24:9 , Mark 2:26 , Leviticus 14:1-57 etc. Leviticus 10:18-20 , Numbers 18:18 ). Levites...
1. The Levites were also dedicated to their work by special ceremonies. The ceremonies signified the solemn offering up of the Levites to God as a wave-offering ( Numbers 8:13 ; Numbers 8:15 b). Probably it was twice reduced because of the increasing difficulty in procuring Levites to do the work. The Levites were said to have been given as a gift ( nĕthûnîm ) to Aaron and his sons. The Levites were supported from the tithe, which was in the first instance paid to them ( Numbers 18:21-24 ). Levitical and priestly cities . According to Numbers 35:1-8 , there were assigned to the Levites in different parts of Palestine 48 cities with suburbs and surrounding pasture land to about 500 yards distance. No trace of any such arrangement is to be found in Ezekiel’s ideal sanctuary, according to which the priests and Levites have their possessions in the ‘oblation’ or sacred ground, which included the sanctuary ( Ezekiel 48:9-14 ). ]'>[1] appears to be in direct contradiction to the oft-repeated statement that the Levites had no portion in the land because Jahweh was their portion ( Deuteronomy 10:9 , Numbers 18:20 ; Numbers 26:62 etc. ) a statement explained as meaning in practice that they were to depend for their support upon their tithes and priestly dues, which were all regarded as offerings to Jahweh ( Deuteronomy 18:2 , Numbers 18:8-32 , Leviticus 27:30 ). ]'>[1] were many of them ancient sanctuaries, where priests and Levites would have been located in early times. ]'>[1] ’s theory of the origin of the hierarchy was as follows: The Levites were one of the 12 tribes of Israel, descended from Levi , one of Jacob’s sons. All the ‘sons’ of Aaron a descendant of Levi ( Exodus 6:14-20 ) were priests ( Leviticus 1:5 etc. The rest of the made descendants of Levi were Levites, divided into the three great families of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Priests not regarded as Levitical . There is nothing in the Books of Samuel which affords a sufficient reason for connecting the priesthood of this period directly with a tribe of Levi, the mention of the ‘Levites’ in 1 Samuel 6:16 and 2 Samuel 15:24 being clearly a very late interpolation which assumes the liturgical arrangements of P Apostles - Matthew is apparently also known as Levi (compare Matthew 9:9 ; Mark 2:13-14 ; Luke 5:27-28 ). As “son of Alphaeus” (Mark 2:14 ), Levi may be brother to James, “son of Alphaeus
Twelve - ...
Asher means fellowship...
Levi means lordship. Carbuncle, a green stone really known as the "emerald" on which was engraved the name of Levi
Urim And Thummim - ]'>[9] ), where the Divine Urim and Thummim are assigned to the priestly tribe of Levi, and confirmed by Ezra 2:63 = Nehemiah 7:65 . ...
In the Priests’ Code the Urim and Thummim are introduced in Exodus 28:30 , Leviticus 8:8 , Numbers 27:21 , but without the slightest clue as to their nature beyond the inference as to their small size, to be drawn from the fact that they were to be inserted in the high priest’s ‘ breastplate of judgment ’ (see Breastplate)
Army - Levi and Benjamin were not reckoned, the latter owing to Joab's repugnance to the census (1 Chronicles 21:6)
Ebal - There is still a rocky amphitheatrical recess on the side of Ebal, and a corresponding one of the same dimensions on the side of Gerizim; probably formed for the accommodation of the people, when all Israel, their elders, officers, and judges, stood: half of them, the six blessing tribes, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin (sprung from Jacob's proper wives), over against Gerizim; and half, the six cursing tribes (four sprung from Zilpah and Bilhah, and Reuben the incestuous oldest and Zebulun the youngest) over against Ebal: with the ark and the priests and Levites in the center between the two mountains
Reuben - entitled to the chieftianship of the tribes and to a double portion; but because of incest (Genesis 35:22; Leviticus 18:8) "thou shalt not excel" or "have this excellency" (compare the margin of Leviticus 4:7). He saved Joseph's life from the crafty and cruel brothers, Levi, Simeon, Judah, and the rest, by insisting that his blood should not be shed, but he be cast into a pit, Reuben secretly intending to deliver him out of their hands
Rehoboam - " They then stoned Adoram who was over the tribute, Rehoboam retained, besides Judah, Levi, Simeon, Dan, and parts of Benjamin. Moreover, the calf worship in northern Israel drove the Levites and many pious Israelites to the southern kingdom where Jehovah's pure worship was maintained. Rehoboam and the princes thereupon humbly accepted their punishment, and justified Jehovah (James 4:10; Exodus 9:27; Psalms 51:4; Leviticus 26:41-42)
Shimei - Son of Gershom, son of Levi (1 Chronicles 23:7; 1 Chronicles 23:9-10; 1 Chronicles 6:17; 1 Chronicles 6:29; Numbers 3:18; Zechariah 12:13). A Gershonite Levite, son of Jahath (1 Chronicles 6:42). A Levite, of the sons of Heman; took part in the purification of the temple under Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:14). The Levite, Cononiah's brother, having charge of the offerings, etc. A Levite in Ezra's time (Ezra 10:23), married a foreign wife; also SEMIS
Moses - , the son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi, and the younger brother of Miriam and Aaron
Tribes - In the division of Canaan, the tribe of Levi received no allotment of its own but was given cities within all the other tribes (Numbers 18:24; Numbers 35:1-8; see LeviTE)
Adoption - The tribes thus were 13, only that Levi had no land division; or Ephraim and Manasseh were regarded as two halves making up but one whole tribe
Branch - The priest is from the tribe of Levi, and the king is from the tribe of Judah
Tabernacles, the Feast of -
The following are the principal passages in the Pentateuch which refer to it: (Exodus 23:16 ; Leviticus 23:34-36 ; 39-43 ; Numbers 29:12-38 ; 16:13-15; 31:10-13) In Nehe 8, there is an account of the observance of the feast by Ezra. (Exodus 23:16 ; Leviticus 23:39 ; 15:13-15) Its duration was strictly only seven days, (16:13; Ezekiel 45:25 ) but it was followed by a day of holy convocation, distinguished by sacrifices of its own, which was sometimes spoken of as an eighth day. (Leviticus 23:36 ; Nehemiah 8:18 ) During the seven days the Israelites were commanded to dwell in booths or huts formed of the boughs of trees. The main purposes of the Feast of Tabernacles are plainly set forth in ( Exodus 23:16 ) and Levi 23:43 It was to be at once a thanksgiving for the harvest and a commemoration of the time when the Israelites dwelt in tents during their passage through the wilderness
Tree of Life - - Son_14:3, Test, of Levi, xviii
Priest - ...
Aaronic (or Levitical) priesthood...
At the establishment of Israel’s religious system, Aaron and his sons were the priests, Aaron being set apart as the high priest. Those who belonged to the same tribe as Aaron (the tribe of Levi), but who were not of Aaron’s family, were responsible for many of the practical aspects of Israel’s religious affairs, but they were not priests (Exodus 6:16-25; Exodus 32:25-29; Numbers 3:2-3; Genesis 46:1; see LeviTE). They also carried out daily functions in relation to the altar in the tabernacle courtyard (Leviticus 6:12; Leviticus 6:14) and the altar and lamp inside the Holy Place (Exodus 27:20-21; Exodus 30:7-8). Even then he could do so only once a year, on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:2-3; Hebrews 9:6-7; see DAY OF ATONEMENT)
Guest - Thus Matthew (Levi) entertained Him when He had called him from the ‘place of toll’ (Luke 5:27 ff
Jacob - His peace was soon disturbed by his daughter Dinah going to see the daughters of the land, and being dishonoured, which was avenged by the slaughter of the Shechemites by his sons Simeon and Levi, bringing Jacob into great fear
Absalom - As Simeon and Levi avenged on Hamor their sister Dinah's violation, so Absalom after two years' dark, silent hatred, took vengeance on Amnon at a sheepshearing feast at Baal Hazor to which he invited all the king's sons (2 Samuel 13)
Jacob - His peace was soon disturbed by his daughter Dinah going to see the daughters of the land, and being dishonoured, which was avenged by the slaughter of the Shechemites by his sons Simeon and Levi, bringing Jacob into great fear
Paradise - The principal references for our period occur in the Apocalypse of Moses, more correctly known as the Books of Adam and Eve, in 4 Ezra , 2 Baruch; there is also one reference in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (‘Levi,’ xviii
Israel - Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Joshua (the Hexateuch) are the product of one long literary process. They were composed under the influence of the Levitical law. Six Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun are said to be the sons of Leah. The original Israel, then, probably consisted of the eight tribes Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Manasseh, and Ephraim, though perhaps the Rachel tribes did not join the confederacy until they had escaped from Egypt (see § 6). In the course of these struggles a disaster befell the tribes of Simeon and Levi in an attempt to take Shechem, which practically annihilated Levi, and greatly weakened Simeon (cf
Numbers, Book of - 1 4: ( a ) The census; ( b ) arrangement of the camp; ( c ) functions of the Levites. Numbers 8:5-26 : Dedication of the Levites, and age of their service. ( c ) The Levites are instituted as a class of priests’ servants a conception quite at variance with all earlier representations. The transport duties of the three Levitical families, Kohath, Gershon, and Merari, are detailed. ( d ) The three classes are dealt with in detail in Leviticus 13:1-59 ; Leviticus 15:1-33 and Numbers 19:1-22 respectively, ( e ) The section is supplementary to Lv 5:20 26. Levites to be the priests’ servants, ( p ) Numbers 18:3-32 Peter. Dues to the Levites. ]'>[3] , Korah with 250 princes, who were representatives of all the secular tribes, rebelled against the claim for the special sanctity of the tribe of Levi. The superiority of the tribe of Levi was then vindicated by the budding of Aaron’s staff (ch. 17), and the dues to be paid to the Levites were laid down (ch. , Numbers 17:1-5 ), which represent Korah’s company as Levites , who rebel against the claim of superior sanctity for the family of Aaron. Levitical cities
Habakkuk - Tradition makes him a priest of the tribe of Levi
Mark, Gospel of - ...
After gathering together his first few disciples (1:14-20), Jesus carried out a variety of healings (1:21-2:12) and added Matthew (Levi) to his group of disciples (2:13-17)
Mary - If this identification be allowed, then (1) James the Little was probably one of the Twelve (Matthew 10:3 = Mark 3:18 = Luke 16:15); (2) he was perhaps brother to Levi (Matthew), the son of Alphaeus. ‘They ate the fat and drank the sweet, and sent portions unto them for whom nothing was prepared, and made great mirth’ (Exodus 23:16, Leviticus 23:33-44, Numbers 29:12-38, Nehemiah 8:9-18)
Aaron - But ‘the Levite’ ( Exodus 4:14 ) is suspicious: for Moses was also of the tribe of Levi, and the description is superfluous. The verses probably belong to a time when ‘Levite’ had become a technical term for one trained in priestly functions, and when such priestly officials traced their descent from Aaron. But the effect of it was that the great majority of ‘Levites,’ i. But by their superiority in culture and social standing they regained their ascendancy, and the country priests were once more reduced, under the ancient title of ‘Levites,’ to an inferior position. Reference must be made to other articles for his consecration, his purely priestly functions, and his relation to the Levites (see articles Priests and Levites, Sacrifice, Tabernacle). His family relationships are stated in Exodus 6:20 ; Exodus 6:23 ; Exodus 6:25 , Leviticus 10:4 . Aaron as well as Moses suffered from the murmurings of the people ( Exodus 16:2 , Numbers 14:2 ; Numbers 16:3 ; Numbers 16:41 ; Numbers 20:2 ); both were consulted by the people ( Numbers 9:6 ; Numbers 15:33 ); and to both were addressed many of God’s commands ( Exodus 9:8-10 ; Exodus 12:1 ; Exodus 12:43 , Leviticus 11:1 ; Leviticus 13:1 ; Leviticus 14:33 ; Leviticus 15:1 , Numbers 2:1 )
Abba - David, Levi, in his Lingua Sacra, derives it from a root, which signifies, desire, delight, complacency, satisfaction: and implying no less, special interest of relationship, as between the nearest of all connections
Jeroboam - To counteract this, he caused two golden calves to be made as objects of religious worship, one of which he placed at Dan, and the other at Bethel, the two extremities of his dominions; and caused a proclamation to be made throughout all his territories, that in future none of his subjects should go up to Jerusalem to worship; and, directing them to the two calves which had been recently erected, he cried out, "Behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of Egypt!" He also caused idolatrous temples to be built, and priests to be ordained of the lowest of the people, who were neither of the family of Aaron nor of the tribe of Levi
Shechem - A Canaanite prince, at the town of the same name, who abducted Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and was soon afterwards treacherously slain, with many of his people, by Simeon and Levi, Genesis 34:1-31 . After the conquest of Canaan it became a Levitical city of refuge in Ephraim, and a gathering-place of the tribes, Joshua 20:7 21:21 24:1,25 Judges 9:1-57
Mary - If this identification be allowed, then (1) James the Little was probably one of the Twelve (Matthew 10:3 = Mark 3:18 = Luke 16:15); (2) he was perhaps brother to Levi (Matthew), the son of Alphaeus. ‘They ate the fat and drank the sweet, and sent portions unto them for whom nothing was prepared, and made great mirth’ (Exodus 23:16, Leviticus 23:33-44, Numbers 29:12-38, Nehemiah 8:9-18)
Law of Moses - --the power of a father to be held sacred; cursing or smiting, ( Exodus 21:15,17 ; Leviticus 20:9 ) and stubborn and willful disobedience, to be considered capital crimes. ( Leviticus 18:1 ) . (22:13-21) the raising up of seed (Levirate law) a formal right to be claimed by the widow, under pain of infamy, with a view to preservation of families. ( Exodus 21:1-6 ; 15:12-18) In any case, it would seem, to be freed at the jubilee, (Leviticus 25:10 ) with his children. (Leviticus 25:47-54 ) Foreign slaves to be held and inherited as property forever, ( Leviticus 25:45,46 ) and fugitive slaves from foreign nations not to be given up. ( Exodus 22:21 ; Leviticus 19:33,34 ) ...
LAW OF THINGS. ( Leviticus 25:23 ) (2) All sold land therefore to return to its original owners at the jubilee, and the price of sale to be calculated accordingly; and redemption on equitable terms to be allowed at all times. ( Leviticus 25:25-27 ) A house sold to be redeemable within a year; and if not redeemed, to pass away altogether, ch. ( Leviticus 25:29,30 ) But the houses of the Levites , or those in unwalled villages, to be redeemable at all times, in the same way as land; and the Levitical suburbs to be inalienable. ( Leviticus 25:31-34 ) (3) Land or houses sanctified , or tithes, or unclean firstlings, to be capable of being redeemed, at six-fifths value (calculated according to the distance from the jubilee year by the priest); if devoted by the owner and unredeemed, to be hallowed at the jubilee forever, and given to the priests; if only by a possessor, to return to the owner at the jubilee. ( Leviticus 27:14-34 ) (4) Inheritance . -- (a) Tithes of all produce to be given for maintenance of the Levites. ( Leviticus 19:9,10 ; 24:19-22) (b) Slight trespass (eating on the spot) to be allowed as legal. ( Numbers 18:8-32 ) (a) Tenth of Levites' tithe . Molech, (Leviticus 20:1-5 ) and generally all idolatry . ( Exodus 22:18 ; 18:9-22; Leviticus 19:31 ) 3Command. ( Leviticus 24:15,16 ) 4Th Command. Disobedience to or cursing or smiting of parents , ( Exodus 21:15,17 ; Leviticus 20:9 ; 21:18-21) to be punished by death by stoning, publicly adjudged and inflicted; so also of disobedience to the priests (as judges) or the Supreme Judge. ( Exodus 21:18,19,22-25 ; Leviticus 24:19,20 ) 7Th Command. ( Leviticus 20:1 ) . (a) Local judges (generally Levites as more skilled in the law) appointed, for ordinary matters, probably by the people with approbation of the supreme authority (as of Moses in the wilderness), ( Exodus 18:25 ; 1:15-18) through all the land. The members were priest, scribes (Levites), and elders (of other tribes). (a) The whole burnt offering, ( Leviticus 1:1 ) . (Leviticus 6:8-13 ) (b) The meat offering, ( Leviticus 2 ; 6:14-23 ) of flour, oil and frankincense, unleavened and seasoned with salt. (c) The peace offering, ( Leviticus 3:1 ; Leviticus 7:11-21 ) of the herd or the flock; either a thank offering or a vow or free-will offering. Leviticus 4,5,6 (A) For sins committed in ignorance. Leviticus 4 (B) For vows unwittingly made and broken, or uncleanness unwittingly contracted. Levi 5 (C) For sins wittingly committed. ( Leviticus 6:1-7 ) b. Leviticus 8,9 (b) At the purification of women. Leviticus 12 (c) At the cleansing of lepers. Leviticus 13,14 (d) On the great day of atonement. Leviticus 16 (e) On the great festivals. Leviticus 23 ...
LAW OF HOLINESS (arising from the union with God through sacrifice). (1) Holiness of the whole people as "children of God," ( Exodus 19:5,6 ; Leviticus 11-15,17,18 ; 14:1-21) shown in (a) The dedication of the first-born, (Exodus 13:2,12,13 ; 22:29,30 ) etc. Levi 11; Deuteronomy 14 . Levi 12,13,14,15; (23:1-4) (d) Laws against disfigurement. (Leviticus 19:27 ; 14:1) comp. Leviticus 18,20 (2) Holiness of the priests (and Levites) . Leviticus 8,9 ; Exodus 29 (b) Their special qualifications and restrictions. ( Leviticus 21:1 ; Leviticus 22:1-9 ) (c) Their rights, (18:1-6; Numbers 18:1 ) . ( Exodus 23:10,11 ; Leviticus 25:1-7 ) etc. ( Leviticus 25:8-16 ) etc. ( Exodus 12:3-27 ; Leviticus 23:4,5 ) (e) The feast of weeks (pentecost). ( Leviticus 23:15 ) etc. ( Leviticus 23:33-43 ) (g) The feast of trumpets. ( Leviticus 23:23-25 ) (h) The day of atonement . ( Leviticus 23:26-32 ) etc
Apostles - Only one other call of the same kind is related in the Gospels, that of Levi or Matthew (Mark 2:16, Matthew 9:9). Capernaum was the seat of a custom-house, and the collector of customs, Levi by name, was called precisely as the two pairs of brothers had been. Simon, Andrew, James, John, Philip, and Levi or Matthew are already known to us. There is no reason except the similarity of name for connecting him with the father of Levi; and the assumption that he is the same person as Clopas is gratuitous
Call, Calling - Matthew the publican, however (Matthew 9:9, Luke 5:27 Levi, Mark 2:14 Levi the son of Alphaeus), is called straight from his place of toll to ‘follow,’ and instantly obeys; a memorable incident
Apostle - Their names were, Simon Peter; Andrew, his brother; James the greater, the son of Zebedee; and John his brother, who was the beloved disciple; Philip of Bethsaida; Bartholomew; Thomas, called Didymus, as having a twin brother; Matthew or Levi, who had been a publican; James, the son of Alpheus, called James the less; Lebbeus, surnamed Thaddeus, and who was also called Judas or Jude, the brother of James; Simon, the Canaanite, so called, as some have thought, because he was a native of Cana, or, as Dr. Heraclion, cited by Clemens Alexandrinus, reckons among the Apostles who did not suffer martyrdom, Matthew, Thomas, Philip, and Levi, probably meaning Lebbeus
Prophet, Christ as - This, of course, must be admitted, for the context of Deuteronomy 17-18 speaks of classes or groups of leaders such as the priests and Levites. However, unlike the institution of the priesthood, which was transmitted to each successor through the Aaronic family within the tribe of Levi, the prophetic office of Moses was not transmitted to its successors
Scribes - It is said, "Out of Zebulon come they that handle the pen of the writer," Judges 5:14 ; and the rabbins state, that the scribes were chiefly of the tribe of Simeon; but it is thought that only those of the tribe of Levi were allowed to transcribe the Holy Scriptures
Bible - Many of these laws are recorded in the latter part of Exodus and in the next book, Leviticus (named after the Israelite tribe Levi, which had special responsibilities in religious affairs)
Hebrews Epistle to the - The pains taken by the writer to prove that the sufferings and death of Christ were not only intelligible but also a necessary part of His human experience, or again that the Levitical order was a temporary, imperfect arrangement, imply that the readers were doubtful about these things. His argument takes the form of a systematic contrast between Christianity and Leviticalism. Levitical priests could only call attention to the sins of man; the Son has washed them away. Abraham, and by implication Levi, did homage to this priesthood when they paid tithes and received a blessing, thereby acknowledging the presence of something greater than themselves. He was not born of the tribe of Levi. The Levitical service of the old covenant was not lacking in outward splendour, but its magnificence served only to emphasize its ineffectiveness. Does this idea seem strange? The following analogies may help you to understand: (a) a testament is a covenant, but it has no value unless the testator die; (b) the old covenant was inaugurated with the offering of the life of bulls and goats; (c) in the Levitical Law every atonement is symbolized by the offering of the life of beasts. That is why, in contrast to the Levitical priest ever offering, never atoning, He sits enthroned at the right hand of God, ‘waiting till his enemies become his footstool. The Levitical priests possessed sympathy with human weakness, but they were also tainted with human sin (Hebrews 5:3). Abraham, the father of Levi, acknowledged the superiority of the eternal priesthood when he paid tithes to Melchizedek and received his blessing (Hebrews 7:4-10). Once more the idea is worked out by means of a contrast with Levitical institutions and the exposition of a verse from the Psalter. Levitical sacrifices were material and frequently repeated
Violence - Jacob describes the swords of Simeon and Levi as "weapons of violence" (Genesis 49:5 ), an apparent reference to their killing the Shechemites (Genesis 34 ). Leviticus 6:2,4 pair gazal [2] with asaq [3] as "plundering" and "extortion. ...
The two terms are paired again in Leviticus 19:13 , where "plundering" and "extortion" appear to be associated with withholding the wages of a hired person until the morning (cf
Ephraim (1) - As regards Ephraim himself, he was doubly blessed:...
(1) in being made, as well as Manasseh, a patriarchal head of a tribe, like Jacob's immediate sons (Genesis 48:5); as Judah received the primary birthright (Reuben losing it by incest, Simeon and Levi by cruelty), and became the royal tribe from whence king David and the Divine Son of David sprang, so Ephraim received a secondary birthright and became ancestor of the royal tribe among the ten tribes of Israel (Genesis 49:3-10; Genesis 49:22-26)
Moses - ...
Relations with Egypt...
Moses was the third child of Amram and Jochabed, and belonged to the tribe of Levi
Home (2) - Hospitality and entertaining are again exemplified in the ease of Levi (Luke 5:29) and of Simon the Pharisee (Luke 7:36)
Moses - Son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi, brother of Aaron and Miriam
Shechem (1) - ) (See JACOB on the massacre by Simeon and Levi, Genesis 34
Barnabas - Barnabas is introduced as a Levite of Cyprus, who sold land that he possessed, and devoted the proceeds to the use of the Church. No other Levite is mentioned by name in the NT. His ownership of land, in contravention of the law (Deuteronomy 10:9) which excluded Levi from part or inheritance with his brethren, is not surprising, as in later times this Deuteronomic prohibition cannot have been enforced (Jeremiah 32:7-12; Jos. There is nothing in the Epistle to necessitate a Levite authorship, and Barnabas need not have remained anonymous (Moffat, Introd
Firstborn - FIRSTBORN...
One of the fundamental ideas with regard to Jehovah in early Israel was that of His being owner of the land, and consequently lord also of all that the land brought forth and of all that lived upon it (Leviticus 25:23, Psalms 50:10-12). 112b), according to which the firstborn acted as officiating priests in the wilderness until the erection of the tabernacle, when the office was given to the tribe of Levi (Jewish Encyc. ]'>[4] especially as in Numbers 3:12 it is said: ‘Behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the womb among the children of Israel; and the Levites shall be mine’ (cf. Leviticus 12:4, Numbers 18:16),** [11] and the price of redemption was, according to Numbers 3:47; Numbers 18:16, five shekels; in Exodus 13:13 the command to redeem the firstborn is given, though the price of redemption is not mentioned, while in Leviticus 12 there is no mention at all regarding the redemption of the firstborn, reference being made only to an atonement which has to be made for the purification of the mother; it may be owing to Leviticus 12 that in Luke 2:22 ‘their’ purification is spoken of, i. 24 seems to point to an amalgamation of the offerings due from the mother for purification, and on behalf of the child for redemption;* Matthew - called also Levi, was the son of Alpheus, but probably not of that Alpheus who was the father of the Apostle James the less
Joshua, Book of - The tribe of Levi had a peculiar standing: "the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance;" and "the sacrifices of the Lord God of Israel made by fire" were their inheritance. Forty-eight cities were appointed for dwelling places for the Levites
War, Holy War - ...
Simon and Levi lose their rights among the firstborn because their swords are weapons of violence. Simon and Levi are rebuked for their slaughter of Canaanites at Shechem (Genesis 34 ; 49:5-7 ). Leviticus 18 mentions the depraved state of Canaanite society at this time. " It is a fact attested by archaeological finding that the immorality mentioned in Leviticus 18 was an integral part of Canaanite worship
Hebrews, Epistle to the - The greatness of this personage is then dwelt on, as evidenced by Abraham's conduct toward him, and he is shown to be superior to Levi. Further, if perfection had come in with Levi, why speak of another Priest of another order? Melchisedec is in fact the type of the priesthood of Christ, constituted after the power of an endless life
Number Systems And Number Symbolism - Israelites were to remember the land also and give it a sabbath, permitting it to lie fallow in the seventh year (Leviticus 25:2-7 ). In the year of Jubilee all Jewish bondslaves were released and land which had been sold reverted to its former owner (Leviticus 25:8-55 ). When Levi ceased to be counted among the tribes, the Joseph tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh, were counted separately to keep the number twelve intact
Elements - , ‘Levi,’ 4, where it is said that on the Judgment Day all creation will be troubled and the invisible spirits melt away (καὶ τῶν ἀοράτων πνευμἀτων τηκομένων)
Africanus, Julius - He then gives his own explanation, founded on the Levirate law of the Jews, and professing to be traditionally derived from the Desposyni (or descendants of the kindred of our Lord), who dwelt near the villages of Nazareth and Cochaba. Heli the son of Melchi (the names Matthat and Levi found in our present copies of St
Jacob - But in the view of Kennicott and Speaker's Commentary Jacob went to Laban at 57; in the first 14 years had sons, Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah by Leah; Dan and Naphtali by Bilhah; in the 20 years (Genesis 35:38) next had Gad and Asher by Zilpah, Issachar and Zebulun by Leah, lastly Dinah by Leah and Joseph by Rachel; then six years' service for cattle, then flees from Padan Aram where he had been 40 years, at 97. Undue intercourse with the Canaanites around ended in Dinah's fall and the cruel retribution by Simeon and Levi, which so imperiled his position among the surrounding Canaanites, and which so deeply affected him (Genesis 33:17; Genesis 33:19; Genesis 34; Genesis 49:5-6). The catalog of ills includes his sufferings:...
(1) from Esau,...
(2) Laban,...
(3) maiming by the Angel,...
(4) Dinah's violation and Simeon and Levi's cruelty,...
(5) loss of Joseph,...
(6) Simeon's imprisonment,...
(7) Benjamin's departure,...
(8) Rachel's death,...
(9) Reuben's incest
Redeem - God accepted the separation of the tribe of Levi for liturgical service in lieu of all Israelite firstborn ( Leviticus is the “cereal offering” (minchah) of chapter 2; but Joab - Joab was therefore slow in executing the command, so Levi and Benjamin had not been counted when David revoked the command before the census was complete (1 Chronicles 21:2; 1 Chronicles 21:6; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 1 Chronicles 27:1 Samuel 24)
Judah - So, when Reuben forfeited his birthright by incest, Simeon and Levi by manslaughter, Judah the next oldest received from Jacob the best blessing of the older sons (Genesis 49:8-12). The priests' nine cities were all in Judah; the Levites had no cities in Judah (Joshua 21:9-19)
Ezra, Book of - Other lists include those who returned with Ezra (Ezra 8:1-14 ); “the sons of the priests there were found who had taken strange wives” (Ezra 10:18-43 ); those who helped rebuild Jerusalem's walls (Ezra 8:21-23 ); signers of the covenant (Nehemiah 10:1 ); residents in Jerusalem at the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:1 ); and another list of “the priests and the Levites that went up with Zerubbabel” (Nehemiah 12:1-26 ). As he “viewed the people, and the priests, and [1] found there none of the sons of Levi” (Ezra 8:15 )
Captivity - (Ezra 7:6-7; Nehemiah 2) In 536, besides servants, 42,360 returned; 30,000 belonging to Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, the remainder probably belonging to the Israelite tribes
Chronicles, i - Judah and Levi have the greatest space given to them ( 1 Chronicles 2:3 to 1Ch 10:1-146 ; 1 Chronicles 4:6 ). ...
The material is most carefully chosen, with the object of bringing out the importance of Judah, the greatness of the line of David, the religious value of Jerusalem, and the position of the Levites. He finds it necessary to change several narratives in the interests of the Levites, who were not assigned so important a place in matters of ritual under the monarchy as in the days when he was writing (cf. In 2 Chronicles 23:1-21 the bodyguard is replaced by the Levites. Again and again an anachronism has been committed that the Levites might have the place of honour in the record
Jacob - While the men of Shechem were recovering from surgery and unable to defend themselves, Simeon and Levi killed them to avenge their sister
Mark, the Gospel According to - All these minute touches, peculiar to him, show his Gospel is no epitome of the others but an independent witness, Mark tells Peter's humble origin (Mark 1:16-20), his connection with Capernaum (Mark 1:29), that Levi was son of Alphaeus (Mark 2:14), that Boanerges was the title given by Christ to James and John (Mark 3:17), that, the ruler of the synagogue was named Jairus (Mark 5:22), that Jesus was a "carpenter" (Mark 6:3), that the Canaanite woman was a Syrophoenician (Luke 5:1-11,2)
Israel, Israelite - a promise, to Levi of a perpetual priesthood in the tribe (Deuteronomy 33:8, Jeremiah 33:18; Jeremiah 33:21 f
Simeon - (See Levi. Levi's and Simeon's slaughter of the Shechemites (Genesis 34:25; Genesis 34:30) incurred Jacob's reproof (Genesis 49:5-7)
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - He harmonizes them (expressly, however, not as a matter of tradition) on the theory of Levirate marriages, supposing that two half-brothers, sons of different fathers, married the same woman, and that the issue of the second marriage was therefore legally accounted to the elder, but physically to the younger brother. 7, Gad , 8) the idea that the Lord should ‘raise (one) from Levi as priest and from Judah as king
Offering - ” The KJV characteristically translates the word as “meat offering,” using it some 40 times in this way in both Leviticus and Numbers alone. ”...
In more than a third of its occurrences in the text, the KJV translates terûmâh as “heave offering,” all of these instances being found in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers (where the majority are found), and Deuteronomy. Such contributions to the priests obviously were given to provide the needed foodstuffs for the priests and their families since their tribe, Levi, was given no land on which to raise their own food. ...
While all the priests had to be from the tribe of Levi, inheriting their office through their fathers, not all Levites could function as priests. The Levites actually lived in various parts of Israel, and they were the welfare responsibility of the Israelites among whom they lived. The Levites, then, were to tithe the tithe they received, giving their own tithe from what they received from the people to the Lord. This tax was Levied on all males without any allowance for their financial situation: “The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the Lord, to make an atonement for your souls” ( Levites. All but two of the occurrences in the Old Testament are found in the books of Numbers and Leviticus. The very first reference to “sacrifice” in Leviticus is to the qorbân as a burnt “offering”: “If any man of you bring an offering unto the Lord, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock. Lots were to be cast among the people, priests, and Levites to determine who would bring in the “wood offering” or fuel at the scheduled times throughout the year
Mary, the Virgin - She was sister or half-sister to Mary (John 19:25), and related to Elisabeth who was of the tribe of Levi (Luke 1:36). The law regarded her as unclean until the presentation 40 days after the birth (Leviticus 12)
Wealth (2) - So also are the incidents of Peter and Andrew, of James and John, and of Matthew or Levi leaving all to follow Jesus (Matthew 4:18-22; Matthew 9:9, Mark 1:16-20; Mark 2:14, Luke 5:11; Luke 5:27-28) Mt
Census - There were besides 22,000 male Levites of a month old and upwards (Numbers 3:39). Of the 70 that went down to Egypt, after deducting Jacob, his 12 sons, Dinah, Zerah (Asher's daughter), Levi's three sons, the four grandsons of Judah and Benjamin, and those grandsons of Jacob who died without posterity, there remain at least 41 grandsons of Jacob who founded families, besides the Levites. In Numbers 3:43 all the firstborn males for whom the Levites were accepted as a substitute are stated to be 22,273, which, if it were the suni of the firstborn sons in the entire nation, would require there to be 40 males begotten of each father in each family to make up 608,550 men of 20 years and upward, or a population of more than 1,000,000 males. The number of Levites (Numbers 3:39; Numbers 3:51), Numbers 3:22; Numbers 3:000, does not agree with the numbers assigned to the three families 7,500 + 8,600 + 6,200 = 22,300. But the total is correct; for it is written, the number of the firstborn, 22,273, exceeded that of the Levites by 273. ...
Probably there is a copyist's error in the number of one of the Levitical families, perhaps in Numbers 3:28 read 8,300 for 8,600. The total of Israel, including the 23,000 Levite males from a month old upwards, would be thus about 2,000,000 (Numbers 26:62). Levi was omitted, as it was for men fit for war that the census was taken. The object of the census on the return from Babylon was to settle against the year of Jubilee the inheritances of the Holy Land (Leviticus 25:10), which had been disarranged by the captivity, and to ascertain the family genealogies and ensure purity of Jewish blood
Education (2) - Levi ben Susi in connexion with Deuteronomy 25:9 ‘If his brother’s wife have lost her hands, how is she to loose his shoe?’|||| Heracleon, a Gnostic - The first confession may be made by a hypocrite: and it is one not required of all; there are many who have never been called on to make it, as for instance Matthew, Philip, Thomas, Levi [1]; the other confession must be made by all
Aaron - the son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi. The first was the destruction of Korah, who sought that office for himself, and of the two hundred and fifty Levites who supported his pretensions, Numbers 16. The two first were killed by fire from heaven, as a punishment for presuming to offer incense with strange fire in their censers, Leviticus 10:1-2 . In their consecration they differed thus: the high priest had the chrism, or sacred ointment, poured upon his head, so as to run down to his beard, and the skirts of his garment, Exodus 30:23 ; Leviticus 8:12 ; Psalms 133:2 . But the second priests were only sprinkled with this oil, mixed with the blood of the sacrifice, Leviticus 8:30 . These were: linen drawers—a linen coat—a linen girdle—a linen mitre, all white, Exodus xxviii; Leviticus 16:4 . The priest and high priest differed also in their marriage restrictions; for the high priest might not marry a widow, nor a divorced woman, nor a harlot, but a virgin only; whereas the other priests might lawfully marry a widow, Leviticus 21:7 . ...
In the discharge of their offices, the high priest differed from the other priests in these particulars: the high priest only, and that but once a year, might enter into the holy of holies—the high priest might not mourn for his nearest relations by uncovering his head, or tearing any part of his garments, except the skirt; whereas the priest was allowed to mourn for these six,—father, mother, son, daughter, brother, and sister if she had no husband, Leviticus 21:2 ; Leviticus 21:10-11 ; but they agreed in these respects; they both burnt incense and offered sacrifices—they both sounded the trumpet, either as an alarm in war, or to assemble the people and their rulers—they both slew the sacrifices—both instructed the people—and both judged of leprosy
Jacob - Add to these his domestic troubles and misfortunes; the impatience of his favourite wife, "Give me children, or I die;" her death in bearing her second son, Benjamin; the rape of his daughter Dinah; the perfidy and cruelty of her brothers, Simeon and Levi, to the Shechemites; the misbehaviour of Reuben; the supposed death of Joseph, his favourite and most deserving son:—these were, all together, sufficient to have brought down his gray hairs with sorrow to the grave, had he not been divinely supported and encouraged throughout the whole of his pilgrimage
Chronicles, Books of - Moreover, the emphasis upon the priests and Levites suggests the author to be someone like Ezra who was one of them. The genealogies reflect the carefully kept records of the Levites. Basic is the necessity to come to God by way of the altar of sacrifice as ministered by the Levitical priesthood. Sons of Israel focusing on Judah and Levi (1 Chronicles 2:1-9:44 )...
II. Ordering the priests and Levites and princes for service (1 Chronicles 23:2-27:34 )...
F
mo'Ses - The immediate pedigree of Moses is as follows: Levi was the father of: Gershon -- Kohath -- Merari Kohath was the father of: Amram = Jochebed Amram = Jochebed was the father of: Hur = Miriam -- Aaron = Elisheba -- Moses = Zipporah Aaron = Elisheba was the father of: Nadab -- Abihu -- Eleazar -- Ithamar Eleazar was the father of: Phineas Moses = Zipporah was the father of: Gershom -- Eliezer Gershom was the father of: Jonathan The history of Moses naturally divides itself into three periods of 40 years each
Presentation - Instead of the firstborn, however, God took for the service of His sanctuary the tribe of Levi (Numbers 3:12; Numbers 8:14-18), requiring, at the time of this substitution, that as many firstborn as there were in Israel in excess of the number of the Levites must be redeemed by the payment of five shekels for each one (Numbers 3:44-51). ...
The legal ordinance (Leviticus 12) appointed that a woman who had borne a man child should be (ceremonially) unclean for seven days; for three and thirty days more she might touch no hallowed thing, nor come into the sanctuary
Moses - This illustrious legislator of the Israelites was of the tribe of Levi, in the line of Koath and of Amram, whose son he was, and therefore in the fourth generation after the settlement of the Israelites in Egypt. After thus destroying their idol, he inflicted punishment on the idolaters themselves; for he summoned all that were on the Lord's side to attend him; and all the Levites having obeyed the call, he sent them, in the name of the Lord, to slay all the idolaters, from one end of the camp to the other, without favour or affection either to their neighbour or to their brother; and they slew about three thousand men. The ill success of the expedition against the Amalekites, according to Josephus, occasioned the rebellion of Korah, which broke out shortly after, against Moses and Aaron, with greater violence than any of the foregoing, under Korah, the ringleader, who drew into it Dathan and Abiram, the heads of the senior tribe of Reuben, and two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, among whom were even several of the Levites. As to his family: He does not nominate his sons as his successors; he places them, without any privileges or distinctions, among the obscure sons of Levi; they are not even admitted into the sacerdotal authority
Chronicles, Theology of - More than idolatry, it is unfaithfulness demonstrated by failing to turn to Yahweh, neglecting God's temple, and ignoring God's ordained religious and political institutions, the Levitical priesthood, and the Davidic king. Emphasis is placed on (1) the tribe of Levi and the Levitical priesthood; (2) the tribe of Judah and the Davidic monarchy; and (3) the tribe of Benjamin, from which came the first Israelite king, with whom the narrative proper begins in chapter 10. The people of the north are still reckoned among the people of God, but are portrayed as having forsaken Yahweh by rejecting the institutions of the Davidic monarchy, the Levitical priesthood, and the Jerusalem temple (see 2 Chronicles 10:19 ; 11:13-15 ; and particularly Abijah's homiletical speech 2 Chronicles 13:4-12 ). ...
The Worship of Yahweh and the Levitical Priesthood . Chronicles focuses on how this relationship was expressed through the establishment and maintenance of the institutions that represented the presence of Yahweh: the ark of the covenant, Jerusalem, the temple, the sacrificial system, the officiating priests, their Levitical assistants and musicians, and the Davidic king, who sat on Yahweh's throne. ...
The Levitical priesthood operated jointly with the Davidic monarchy in preserving the correct forms of seeking Yahweh, of maintaining the proper relationship with God. According to Chronicles, the northern kingdom forsook Yahweh by rejecting the institution of the Levitical priesthood, as they rejected the Davidic monarchy (2 Chronicles 11:13-15 ; 13:8-12 ). Still, all Israel, the kings, and the Levitical priesthood are responsible for their actions, for maintaining a right relationship with God
Jesus, Life And Ministry of - Jesus was challenged on one occasion for enjoying table fellowship with social outcasts (known to the religious Jews as “sinners”) in the house of Levi, the tax collector in Capernaum
Election - ); but within Israel are special elections, as of the tribe of Levi, the house of Aaron, Judah, David and his house, etc
Justice - Even before the Exile the administration of justice was to a large extent centred in the hands of the Levitical priesthood; nothing could illustrate this more pointedly than Deuteronomy 19:15-21 , where the outlines of a regular, formulated, judicial system seem to be referred to, in which the final authority is vested in the priesthood. ‘And of Levi he said, Thy Thummim and thy Urim are with tby godly one
Genesis, Theology of - , Exodus 3:15-16 ; 4:5 ; 6:8 ; Leviticus 26:42 ; SPACE 46:8-273 ; 30:20 ; Joshua 24:2 ; 2 Kings 13:23 ; 2 Chronicles 20:7 ; Nehemiah 9:7-8 ). ...
Hebrews uses Genesis 14:17-20 to demonstrate the supremacy of Christ's priesthood (the order of Melchizedek) to that of the Levites, since Levi was in effect in the loins of Abraham when he gave the tithe to Melchizedek (7:1-10)
Star (2) - Levi 18
Principality Principalities - The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (Levi, 3) arranges the angels in seven heavens, placing powers (δυνάμεις τῶν παρεμβολῶν) in the third, and thrones and authorities in the fourth
Baptism - The plural" baptisms" is used in the wider sense, all purifications by water; as of the priest's hands and feet in the laver outside before entering the tabernacle, in the daily service (Exodus 30:17-21); of the high priest's flesh in the holy place on the day of atonement (Leviticus 16:23); of persons ceremonially unclean (Leviticus 14; 15; Leviticus 16:26-28; Leviticus 17:15; Leviticus 22:4-6), a leper, one with an issue, one who ate that which died of itself, one who touched a dead body, the one who let go the scape-goat or buried the ashes of the red heifer, of the people before a religious festival (Exodus 19:10; John 11:55). The high priest's consecration was threefold: by baptism, unction, and sacrifice (Exodus 29:4; Exodus 40:12-15; Leviticus 8). Elijah was to "turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers," namely, the disobedient children to the faith and fellowship of their pious forefathers, Abraham, Jacob, Levi, Elijah (Luke 1:17), lest Messiah at His coming" should smite the earth with a curse. " He submitted, as part of the righteousness He undertook to fulfill, to be consecrated to His ministry in His 30th year, the age at which the Levites began their ministry (Luke 3:23), by the last of the Old Testament prophets and the harbinger of the New Testament, His own forerunner
Sympathy - The great social gathering of outcasts in Capernaum (Mark 2:15-17), brought together by Levi or Matthew, was a concrete statement of the great truth that a man at his
Elect, Election - In the religious sphere, the tribe of Levi was chosen as the priests (Deuteronomy 21:5 ; 2 Chronicles 29:5,11 ) and Aaron to be the high priest (Numbers 17:5,8 ; 1 Samuel 2:27-28 )
Jews, Judaism - He helped pillage the Shechemites after his brothers, Simon and Levi, had slain the men of the city (Genesis 34:27 )
Mary, the Virgin - ), which makes Mary a woman of the tribe of Levi, is clearly an erroneous inference from the relationship between her and Elisabeth (cf
Common Life - Levi, it is true, was called to leave all and follow (Luke 5:27 f
Pentateuch - (See MOSES; LAW; GENESIS; EXODUS; LeviTICUS; NUMBERS; DEUTERONOMY. " In Deuteronomy 17:18-19, the king is required to "write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests, the Levites"; and Deuteronomy 31:9-11, "Moses wrote this law and delivered it unto the priests, the son of Levi," who should "at the end of every seven years read this law before all Israel in their hearing"; and Deuteronomy 31:24," Moses made an end of writing the words of this law in a book," namely, the whole Pentateuch ("the law," Matthew 22:40; Galatians 4:21), "and commanded the Levites . Moses speaks of "this law" and "the book of this law" as some definite volume which he had written for his people (Leviticus 6:6-70; Deuteronomy 29:19-20; Deuteronomy 29:29). "Eleazar," Aaron's son, succeeds to his father's exalted position and with Joshua divides the land (Joshua 21:1), as Numbers 34:17 ordained; the Levites discharge their duties, scattered among the tribes and having 48 cities, as Jehovah by Moses commanded (Numbers 35:7). The sacrifices (Joshua 8:31; Joshua 22:23; Joshua 22:27; Joshua 22:29) are those enjoined (Leviticus 1; 2; 3). ...
The Levites scattered through Israel are the recognized ministers (Judges 17:7-13; Judges 19:1-2). Historical rereferences to the Pentateuch abound (Judges 1:16; Judges 1:20; Judges 1:23; Judges 2:1; Judges 2:10; Judges 6:13), especially Judges 11:15-27 epitomizes Numbers 20; 21; Deuteronomy 2:1-8; Deuteronomy 2:26-34; compare the language Judges 2:1-23 with Exodus 34:13; Leviticus 26; Deuteronomy 28; Deuteronomy 7:2; Deuteronomy 7:8; Deuteronomy 12:3; Judges 5:4-5 with Deuteronomy 33:2; Deuteronomy 32:16-17. The lamp in it accords with Exodus 27:20-21; Leviticus 24:2-3; but (1 Samuel 3:3) let go out, either from laxity or because the law was not understood to enjoin perpetual burning day and night. The victims, the bullock, lamb, heifer, and ram, are those ordained in Leviticus (Leviticus 1:24-25; Leviticus 7:9; Leviticus 16:2; Leviticus 15:22). The Levites alone should handle the sacred vessels and ark (1 Samuel 6:15; 1 Samuel 6:19). ...
Though Samuel, a Levite not a priest (1 Chronicles 6:22-28), is said to sacrifice, it is in the sense that as prophet and judge-prince he blessed it (1 Samuel 9:13). ...
David's psalms allude to and even quote the Pentateuch language (Psalms 1:3, compare Genesis 39:3; Genesis 39:23; Psalms 4:5; Deuteronomy 33:19; Deuteronomy 31:265; Numbers 6:26; Psalms 8:6-8; Genesis 1:26; Genesis 1:28; Psalms 9:12; Genesis 9:5; Psalms 68:7-8; Exodus 22:25; Exodus 23:8; Leviticus 25:36; Deuteronomy 16:19; Psalms 16:4-5-6; Exodus 23:13; Deuteronomy 32:9; Psalms 17:8; Deuteronomy 32:10; Psalms 24:1; Deuteronomy 10:14; Exodus 19:5; Exodus 26:6; Exodus 30:19-20; Psalm 30 title; Deuteronomy 20:5; Psalms 39:12; Leviticus 25:23; Psalms 68:1; Psalms 68:4; Genesis 15:5; Psalms 68:17; Numbers 10:35; Deuteronomy 33:26; Exodus 13:21; Exodus 19:16; Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 86:8; Psalms 86:14-15; Exodus 15:11; Leviticus 19:35-36; Numbers 10:10; 1618106976_38; Exodus 20:6; Deuteronomy 7:9; Psalms 110:4; Genesis 14:18; Psalms 133:2; Exodus 30:25; Exodus 30:30. Proverbs 11:13 margin; Leviticus 19:16,"not go up and down as a talebearer". The feast in the eighth month was in imitation of that of tabernacles in the seventh month (1 Kings 12:32-38), to prevent the people going up to sacrifice at Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:27); the Levites remaining faithful to the temple, Jeroboam made priests of the lowest people. ...
In 1 and 2, Kings references to the Pentateuch occur (1 Kings 21:3; Leviticus 25:23; Numbers 36:8. 2 Kings 4:1; Leviticus 25:39. 2 Kings 7:3; Leviticus 13:46)
Zechariah, Prophecy of - Each family will mourn apart and their wives apart: the king (David), the prophet (Nathan), and the priest (Levi), with whom is associated Shimei
Jeroboam - )) He made priests of the people indiscriminately, not of Levi; any who "came to consecrate himself with a young bullock and seven rams" (2 Chronicles 13:9). Thus one sin entailed many others, and brought its own punishment; for the Levites, refusing to be priests of the calves, and the godly were alienated from him, and most emigrated to Judah (2 Chronicles 11:13-14; 2 Chronicles 11:16), strengthening Rehoboam. Jeroboam unwarned by his visitation "returned not from his evil way," "ordaining whosoever would (1 Kings 13:33-34; 2 Chronicles 11:15) priests, for the high places, the devils, and the calves" (the gods worshipped in these houses in the high places being called "demons" or devils (literally, goats, from the Egyptian goat-shaped god Mendes or Pan) from their nature, and calves from their form; Leviticus 17:7, "evil spirits of the desert" (Speaker's Commentary, seiriym ; 1 Corinthians 10:20-21)
Jacob - According to the one, the transaction was personal, and involved a fulfilment by Shechem of a certain unspecified condition; according to the other, the entire clan was involved on either side, and the story is that of the danger of the absorption of Israel by the local Canaanites and its avoidance through the interposition of Simeon and Levi
Talmud - ’ The first explanatory term applied by the Jews to the ‘Oral Law’ was midrash (‘investigation’), and the Bible itself witnesses to the way in which such investigations were made and expounded to the people: ‘Also Jeshua and Bani … and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law; and the people stood in their place. In the beginning of the latter occurs this paragraph: ‘During what time in the evening is the reading of the Shema‘ begun? From the time when the priests go in to eat their leaven ( Leviticus 22:7 ) until the end of the first watch of the night, such being the words of R. Jose to elucidate it; remarks on the position of one who is in doubt whether he has read the Shema‘ ; another passage from a baraitha , designating the appearance of the stars as an indication of the time in question; further explanations and passages on the appearance of the stars as bearing on the ritual; other Rabbinical sayings; a baraitha on the division between day and night, and other passages bearing on the same subject; discussion of other baraithas , and further quotations from important Rabbis; a sentence of Tannaitic origin in no way related to the preceding matters, namely, ‘One who prays standing must bold his feet straight,’ and the controversy on this subject between Rabbis Levi and Simon, the one adding, ‘like the angels,’ the other, ‘like the priests’; comments on these two comparisons; further discussion concerning the beginning of the day; Haggadic statements concerning the dawn; a conversation between two Rabbis; cosmological comments; dimensions of the firmament, and more Haggadic comments in abundance; a discussion on the night-watches; Haggadic material concerning David and his harp
Number - ); subtraction is referred to in Leviticus 27:18 ; an instance of multiplication is Leviticus 25:8 ; Leviticus 25:7 × 7 = 49; and Leviticus 25:50 implies a kind of rule of three sum. Again, in Leviticus 26:8 , ‘five of you shall chase a hundred,’ merely means, ‘a handful of you shall put to flight many times your own number. Again, in Numbers 3:39 the census gives 22,000 Levites, which one would naturally understand as a round number; but in Numbers 3:43-51 it is taken as an exact number, inasmuch as it is ordained that because the 22,273 firstborn exceed the Levites by 273, redemption-money shall be paid for the surplus. Leviticus 14:22 ). It is suggested that the number 12 for the tribes of Israel was fixed by the Zodiac; in the lists the number 12 is obtained only by omitting Levi or Dan, or by substituting Joseph for Ephraim and Manasseh. A specially sacred character is popularly ascribed to the number seven; and although the Bible does not expressly endorse this idea, yet it is supported by the frequent occurrence of the number in the ritual, the sacred seventh day, the Sabbath; the sacred seventh year, the Sabbatical year; the Jubilee year, the year following seven times seven years; the seven-branched candlestick; sevenfold sprinkling ( Leviticus 4:6 etc
Leadership - While God charged all Israel to be a people that functioned in a priestly ministry to the world (Exodus 19:6 ), it was Aaron and his family who were consecrated to do the service at the tabernacle (Leviticus 8 ). Physical wholeness and exemplary conduct were requisites for the priesthood (Leviticus 21-22:9 ). Finally, it was their responsibility to instruct the laity in the distinction between holy and profane, clean and unclean (Leviticus 10:10-11 ). After the golden calf incident it was the tribe of Levi who stood out to count themselves on the Lord's side (Exodus 32:26 ), and thereafter they took the place of the firstborn (Numbers 8:14-19 )
Influence - And this growth of personality is what we see even in the brief records of the NT: Simon becomes Peter; Levi, Matthew; Bartholomew, Nathanael; Joseph, Barnabas; and Saul, Paul
Light - The description in John 1:9 is probably an echo of Testament of Levi 13:4 (‘the light of the Lord was given to lighten every man’)
Priest - All Israel was originally chosen as a kingdom of "priests" to the Gentile world (Leviticus 6:12-13); but Israel renounced the obligation through fear of too close nearness to God. Aaron's priesthood has passed away: Christ's priesthood, which is after the order of Melchizedek, does "not pass from one to another" (Joshua 21:13-193 aparabaton teen hierosuneen ), for "He ever liveth," not needing (as the Aaronic priests, through inability to continue through death) to transmit the priesthood to successors (Hebrews 7:23; Leviticus 10:10-11). The typical teaching of Korah's punishment is the same; not satisfied with the Levitical ministry, he usurped the sacerdotal priesthood (Numbers 16:9-10); his doom warns all Christian ministers who, not content with the ministry, usurp Christ's intransmissible priesthood (Hebrews 7:24). Mediation and greater nearness to God is the radical idea in a priest, he presenting the atonement for the congregation and the gifts of a reconciled people (Numbers 16:5; Numbers 17:5), and bringing back from God blessing and peace (Leviticus 9:22-23; Numbers 6:22-27). ...
Κohanim (Κohan , plural) is applied to David's sons (1 Samuel 8:18), probably an honorary, titular priesthood, enabling them to wear the ephod (the badge of a priest, 1 Samuel 22:18) in processions (2 Samuel 6:14) and join the Levites in songs and dances. "...
The genealogy, Luke 3, includes many elsewhere priests: Levi, Eliezer, Malchi, Jochanan, Mattathias, Heli (compare Zechariah 12:12). The law did not regard these acts as necessarily priestly; Leviticus 1:5 implies the offerer slew the sacrifice. But at the consecration of Aaron and his sons Moses officiated as priest for the last time (Leviticus 8:14-29; Exodus 29:10-26). (See HIGH PRIEST; LeviTES. ) The term "consecrate" (qadash ) is appropriated to the priest, as tahar the "lower term" to the Levites. Their old garments were laid aside, their bodies washed with pure water (Leviticus 8:6; Exodus 29:4; Exodus 29:7; Exodus 29:10; Exodus 29:18; Exodus 29:20; Exodus 30:23-33); so all Christians as king priests (Hebrews 10:22; Ephesians 5:26), and anointed by sprinkling with the perfumed precious oil (Leviticus 8:4; Leviticus 8:18; Leviticus 8:21-23; Leviticus 8:30), but over Aaron it was poured until it descended to his skirts (Leviticus 8:12; Psalms 133:2); this anointing of the priest (symbolizing the Holy Spirit) followed the anointing of the sanctuary and vessels (Leviticus 21:17-21; Exodus 29:7; Exodus 30:30; Exodus 40:15). Finally, Moses "filled their hands" with three kinds of bread used in ordinary life, unleavened cakes, cakes of oil bread, and oiled wafers (Leviticus 8:2; Leviticus 8:26; Exodus 29:2-3; Exodus 29:23), put on the fat and right shoulder, and putting his own hands under their hands (so the Jewish tradition) made them wave the whole mass to and fro, expressing the nation's praise and thanksgiving, testified by its gifts. The "clothes of service" (Exodus 31:10; Exodus 35:19; Exodus 39:41; Exodus 28:35; Exodus 28:39; Leviticus 16:4) were not, as Smith's Dictionary supposes, simpler, but were "garments of office. They drank no wine in ministering (Leviticus 10:9), that they might be free from all undue artificial excitement. Except for the nearest relatives they were not to mourn for the dead (Leviticus 21:1-5, the highest earthly relationships were to be surrendered for God: Deuteronomy 33:9-10) nor to shave the head as pagan priests did, nor make cuttings in the flesh (Leviticus 19:28). The priest was to be without bodily defect, symbolizing mental and moral soundness (Leviticus 21:7; Leviticus 21:14; Exodus 28:41). They fed the golden, candlestick (or lamp) outside the veil with oil, offered morning and evening sacrifices with a meat and drink offering at the tabernacle door (Exodus 29:38-44; Exodus 27:20-21; Leviticus 24:2; 2 Chronicles 13:11). They were always ready to do the priestly office for any worshipper (Leviticus 1:5; Leviticus 2:2; Leviticus 2:9; Leviticus 3:11; Leviticus 12:6; 1 Samuel 2:13). Declared clean or unclean, and purified ceremonially, lepers (Leviticus 13; 14; Mark 1:44). Offered expiatory sacrifices for defilements and sins of ignorance (Leviticus 15). They covered the ark and sanctuary vessels with a scarlet cloth before the Levites might approach them (Numbers 4:5-15). The priest had...
(1) one tenth of the tithes paid to the Levites, i. ...
(4) Redemption money for men or things dedicated to Jehovah (Leviticus 27). ...
(6) Perquisites: firstfruits of oil, wine, and wheat, the shewbread, flesh and bread offerings, the heave shoulder and wave breast (Numbers 18:8-14; Leviticus 6:26; Leviticus 6:29; Leviticus 7:6-10; Leviticus 10:12-15). Deuteronomy 18:3, "the shoulder, cheeks, and maw " (the fourth stomach of ruminant animals esteemed a delicacy) were given in addition, to those appointed in Leviticus (compare Numbers 16:19-20). ...
Of the "most holy" things none but the priests were to partake (Leviticus 6:29). Of the rest their sons, daughters, and even home-born slaves, but not the stranger and hired servant, ate (Leviticus 10:14; Leviticus 22:10-11). Thirteen cities within Judah, Benjamin, and Simeon (whereas the Levites were scattered through Israel) with suburbs were assigned to them (1618106977_95). Korah's rebellion, with Levites representing the firstborn, and Dathan and Abiram leading the tribe of Jacob's firstborn, Reuben, implies a looking back to the patriarchal priesthood. moral from Shiloh, Samuel a Levite, trained as a Nazarite and called as a prophet, was privileged to "come near" Jehovah
Preaching - Public preaching does not appear under this economy to have been attached to the priesthood: priests were not officially preachers; and we have innumerable instances of discourses delivered in assemblies by men of other tribes beside that of Levi, Psalms 68:11 . And at other seasons again, itinerants, both princes, priests, and Levites, were sent through all the country, to carry the book of the law, and to teach in the cities. Thirteen other principal teachers, and many Levites, were present also, on scaffolds erected for the purpose, alternately to officiate. The people bowing their heads and worshipping the Lord with their faces to the ground; and at the close of the prayer, with uplifted hands, they solemnly pronounced, "Amen! Amen!" Then all standing, Ezra, assisted at times by the Levites, read the law distinctly, gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. The sermons delivered so affected the hearers, that they wept excessively; and about noon the sorrow became so exuberant and immeasurable, that it was thought necessary by the governor, the preacher, and the Levites, to restrain it
Saviour (2) - This is different in Apocryphal and Pseud-epigraphical literature, for here it is not merely declared that in the name of the Son of Man the people are saved, and that He is the Goel of their life (En 48:7), or that the righteous in connexion with Him shall be satisfied with salvation (4 Ezr 8:39), but also that Christus liberabit creaturam (4 Ezr 12:34, 13:26), and that from Judah and Levi the Lord will raise a Saviour for Israel (Test
Gospels - " Mark and Luke place him before Thomas and omit the humiliating epithet also they do not join his former profession with the apostolic name Matthew, but hide it under his lesser-known name Levi (Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27)
Genealogies of Jesus Christ - Luke the names Matthat and Levi were evidently left out, so that he regarded Melchi as grandfather of Joseph. Heli died without children, and Jacob, in accordance with the Levirate law, raised up seed to his brother, and begat Joseph
Brethren of the Lord (2) - If he was the brother of any Apostle, it was of Matthew (Levi), whose father was also called Alphaeus (Mark 2:14). In " translation="">1 Chronicles 23:21-22 first cousins are called brethren (אַחיהָם = ἁδελφοὶ αὑτῶν, LXX): in " translation="">Leviticus 10:4, first cousins once removed (אֲחַיכַם : = τοὐς ἁδελφοὺς ὑμῶν, LXX)
Assumption of Moses - Thereupon a man of the tribe of Levi, named Taxo (= Eleazar), exhorts his seven sons to fast for three days and on the fourth to go into a cave and die rather than transgress the commands of the Lord of lords
Preaching - ...
Public preaching does not appear under the aeconomy to have been attached to the priesthood: priests were not officially preachers; and we have innumerable instances of discourses delivered in religious assemblies by men of other tribes besides that of Levi, Psalms 68:11 . And, at other seasons again, itinerants, both princes, priests, and Levites, were sent through all the country to carry the book of the law, and to teach in the cities. Thirteen other principal teachers, and many Levites, were present also on scaffolds erected for the purpose, alternately to officiate. Then, all standing, Ezra, assisted at times by the Levites, read the law distinctly, gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. The sermons delivered so affected the hearers, that they wept excessively; and about noon the sorrow became so exuberant and immeasurable, that it was thought necessary by the governor, the preacher, and the Levites, to restrain it
Honorius, Flavius Augustus, Emperor - Two more of the five severe edicts of this year provided that slight error or deviation ("vel Levi argumento a tramite Catholica") shall be unsparingly crushed
Moses - His tribe Levi was the priestly one, and naturally rallied round him in support of the truth with characteristic enthusiasm (Exodus 32:27-28)
Sanhedrin - , Leviticus 24:12); and speak of its existence under Joshua, Jabez, Jerubbaal, Boaz, Jephthah, Samuel, David, and Solomon, and until the time of the captivity by Nebuchadnezzar (Bâbâ bathrâ, 121b; Yômâ, 80a; Mak. , consisting of Levites, priests, and heads of the families, with two chief members-the high priest to decide the religious, the governor of Judah to decide the monarchical, matters-cannot be adduced as proof of the Mosaic origin of the Sanhedrin, as does D. 14): ‘Each city shall have for its magistrates seven men known for their practice of virtue and zeal for righteousness, and to each magistracy two men of the tribe of Levi shall be assigned as assistants Judges (1) - 17, 18 tell the story of the Ephraimite Micah, who made an ephod and teraphim for himself, and got a Levite to be a ‘father and a priest’ to him; but he is persuaded by 600 Danites to go with them and be their priest; they then conquer Laish and found a sanctuary there, in which a graven image (which had been taken from Micah) is set up. 19 21 the story is told of how a concubine of a certain Levite left him and returned to her father; the Levite goes after her and brings her back. On their return they remain for a night in Gibeah, which belonged to the Benjamites; here the men of the city so maltreat the concubine that she is left dead on the threshold of the house in which her lord is staying; the Levite takes up the dead body, brings it home, and, after having cut it up, sends the pieces by the hands of messengers throughout the borders of Israel, as a call to avenge the outrage. ...
The Book of Judges itself is comprised in Judges 11:4-29 to Judges 16:31 ; and here it is to be noticed, first of all, that a certain artificiality is observable in the structure; the exploits of twelve men are recounted, and the idea seems to be that each represents one of the twelve tribes of Israel, thus: Judah is represented by Othniel, Benjamin by Ehud, the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh by Gideon (West) and Jair (East), Issachar by Tola, Zebulun by Elon, Naphtali by Barak, Ephralm by Abdon, Gad by Jephthah, and Dan by Samson; besides these ten there are Shamgar and Ibzan, two unimportant Judges, but against them there are the two tribes Reuben and Simeon, who, however, soon disappear; while the tribe of Levi, as always, occupies an exceptional position
Sexuality, Human - ...
Three Hebrew verbs, with their derivative nouns, are commonly used to express sexual intercourse: (1) sakab [ Leviticus 20:11-13,18 , 20 ; Deuteronomy 27:20-23 ), the word yada [ Judges 19:25 ). Leviticus uses a strong word "detestable" to describe homosexual practice (18:22; 20:13). Bestiality, practiced to some extent in every ancient rural society and known from Egyptian, Canaanite, and Hittite sources, is condemned in Scripture (Exodus 22:19 ; Leviticus 20:15-16 ; Deuteronomy 27:21 ) for much the same reason as is homosexuality: in the Edenic narrative the possibility of a sexually bonded liaison with an animal is expressly ruled out (Genesis 2:20 ). But Simeon and Levi, outraged at the treatment accorded their sister, tricked the males of the town into being circumcised and, while they were still in pain from the operation, slaughtered them. The rape of the Levite's concubine in Gibeah (Judges 19:1-30 ) resulted in a civil war wherein the tribe of Benjamin, except for six hundred, was exterminated
Apocalyptic Literature - Levi, The Alphabets of R. A vision of Noah, an account of Leviathan and Behemoth, and various nature-elements which take part in the Flood are then given (60)
Elijah - In "standing before the Lord" he assumed the position of a Levitical priest (Deuteronomy 10:8), for in Israel the Levitical priesthood retained in Judah had been set aside, and the prophets were raised up to minister in their stead, and witness by word and deed before Jehovah against the prevailing apostasy. This is explained in Luke 1:11; Luke 1:17, which refers to Malachi 4:5-6; "he shall go before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers (Jacob, Levi, Moses, Elijah, Malachi 1:2; Malachi 2:4; Malachi 2:6; Malachi 3:3-4; Malachi 4:4, who had been alienated as it were by their children's apostasy) to the children (made penitent through John's ministry), and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just
Samaria, Samaritans - ...
In accordance with the Law, the Levirate marriage is practised; but with the difference, that it is not the brother, but the nearest friend that takes his wife. The high priest, who is said to be of the tribe of Levi, conducts their services, and, according to the Law, he receives tithes from his people. These number in all 962, Genesis containing 250, Exodus 200, Leviticus 134, Numbers 218, and Deuteronomy 160
Education - In the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs we read: ‘Do ye also teach your children letters, that they may have understanding all their life, reading unceasingly the Law of God’ (‘Levi,’ xiii
Jews - They abstain from meats prohibited by the Levitical law; for which reason, whatever they eat must be dressed by Jews, and after a manner peculiar to themselves. David Levi, a learned Jew, who in 1796 published "Dissertations on the Phrophecies of the Old Testament, " observes in that work, that deism and infidelity have made such large strides in the world, that they have at length reached even to the Jewish nation; many of whom are at this time so greatly infected with scepticism, by reading Bolingbroke, Hume, Voltaire, &c. 4:; Levi's Ceremonies of the Jewish Religion; Buxtorf de Synagoga Judiaca; Spencer de Legibus Heb
Fall - ) Firstly, there is the realistic explanation: that as Adam was the ancestor of the race, so all his descendants were physically included in him, even as Levi is represented to have paid tithes to Melchizedek ‘in the loins’ of Abraham (Hebrews 7:9-10)
New Jerusalem - Levi, xviii
Prophet - Patriarchs (Levi 8:15) as an implicit claim of John Hyrcanus to the Messiahship; and he alone was said by the Jews to have held the threefold office (Josephus BJ i
Law (2) - Mark could be accepted as chronological, the first collision of Jesus with the representatives of the tradition was occasioned by His eating with publicans and sinners at the house of Levi (Mark 2:15 ff. The very doubt which was implied in the question whether Jesus paid the half-shekel which was Levied as a temple-tax is most significant as to the drift towards freedom, which was already detected in His teaching. The great principle, that the external was unimportant in comparison with the inward, expressed in the abolition by Jesus of the Levitical laws as to unclean food, and in His doctrine that for worship in the material temple there was to be substituted worship in spirit and in truth, carried with it the conclusion that as a purely external rite circumcision could have no place in the religion of the spirit. Ezekiel 44:7, Leviticus 26:41)
Christ in Jewish Literature - Jehudah ha-Levi (Cusari, ed
Expiation - The chief methods of expiation among the Jews were by sacrifices; and it is important always to recollect that the Levitical sacrifices were of an expiatory character; because as among the Jews sacrifices were unquestionably of divine original, and as the terms taken from them are found applied so frequently to Christ and to his sufferings in the New Testament, they serve to explain that peculiarity under which the Apostles regarded the death of Christ, and afford additional proof that it was considered by them as a sacrifice of expiation, as the grand universal sin-offering for the whole world. This very comparison, we may affirm, is utterly unaccountable and absurd on any hypothesis which denies the sacrifice of Christ; for what relation could his death have to the Levitical immolations and offerings, if it had no sacrificial character? Nothing could, in fact, be more misleading, and even absurd, than to apply those terms which, both among Jews and Gentiles, were in use to express the various processes and means of atonement and piacular propitiation, if the Apostles and Christ himself did not intend to represent his death strictly as an expiation for sin:— misleading, because such would be the natural and necessary inference from the terms themselves, which had acquired this as their established meaning:—and absurd, because if, as Socinians say, they used them metaphorically, there was not even an ideal resemblance between the figure and that which it was intended to illustrate. As to the expiatory nature of the sacrifices of the law, it is not required by the argument to show that all the Levitical offerings were of this character. The true question then is, whether such sacrifices were appointed by God, and accepted instead of the personal punishment or life of the offender, which otherwise would have been forfeited, as in the other cases; and if so, if the life of animal sacrifices was accepted instead of the life of man, then the notion that "they were mere mulcts and pecuniary penalties" falls to the ground, and the vicarious nature of most of the Levitical oblations is established. So with reference to the great day of expiation, we read, "For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins; and this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel, for all their sins, once a year,"...
Leviticus 16:30-34 . To prove that this was the intention and effect of the annual sacrifices of the Jews, we need do little more than refer to Leviticus 17:10-11 : "I will set my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people. Let us refer to Leviticus 5:15-16 : "If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance in the holy things of the Lord, he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add a fifth part thereto, and shall give it to the priest. This appears from the conclusion to all the Levitical directions concerning the ceremonial to be observed in all such cases: "Thus shall ye separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness; that they die not in," or by, "their uncleanness, when they defile my tabernacle which is among them,"...
Leviticus 15:31 . Shall we account for it by saying that sacrifices were offered for the benefit of the worshipper, but exclude the notion of expiation? But here we are obliged to confine the benefit to reconciliation and the taking away of sins, and that by the appointed means of the shedding of blood, and the presentation of blood in the holy place, accompanied by the expressive ceremony of imposition of hands upon the head of the victim; the import of which act is fixed, beyond all controversy, by the priests confessing over that victim the sins of all the people, and at the same time imprecating upon its head the vengeance due to them, Leviticus 16:21 . Levi Ben Gerson says, "The imposition of the hands of the offerers was designed to indicate that their sins were removed from themselves, and transferred to the animal
Jews - Jaddua had notice of his approach, and, by the direction of God, went out of the city to meet him, dressed in his pontifical robes and attended by the Levites in white garments. The first called up to hear it is a descendant of Aaron, the second of Levi, the third an Israelite of any tribe; the same order is then repeated: the seventh may be of any tribe
Perfection (of Jesus) - He was equally at home in Simon the Pharisee’s house and at the table of Levi or Zacchaeus, with their different clientèle; in private talk with Nicodemus, a master in Israel, and at the wayside well with the woman of Samaria