What does Leadership mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Leadership
The Old Testament . In the earliest days of the Old Testament, leadership of the people of God was by the family head or patriarch, to whom God spoke his messages.
Civil Leaders . By the time of the exodus, tribal elders were on the scene. We're not told how they were appointed. They served as representatives for the whole nation (Exodus 3:16 ; 4:29 ; 12:21 ), but without any apparent initiative or governing power. On occasion Moses was told by God to assemble them to impart to them, and through them to the people, God's message (Exodus 3:16 ; 4:29 ; 12:21 ; 19:7 ; Joshua 24:1 ). They accompanied Moses and Joshua following the sins of Dathan and Abiram (Numbers 16:25 ) and Achan (Joshua 7:6 ). Moses selected seventy of them to be specially endued with God's Spirit to help share the burden of the people (Numbers 11:16-17 ). By the time of the judges and the monarchy there were elders of Israel who met for common decisions, such as the appointment of a king. There were elders in the individual towns (Judges 11:3-11 ; Numbers 8:14-192 ; 30:26-31 ; 1 Kings 21:8,11 ). First Samuel 30:26-31 indicates that the elders of Judah were comprised of the elders of the individual towns, though later Ezekiel speaks of "seventy elders of Israel" (8:11-12). The local elders were responsible for legal action at the city gate (Deuteronomy 22:15 ; 25:7 ; Ruth 4:1-11 ) in cases of murder (Deuteronomy 19:11-13 ; 21:1-9 ) and in cases dealing with family matters (21:18-21; 22:13-21; 25:5-10).
During the exile there were still elders in Judah (Ezekiel 8:11-12 ). They opposed Jehoiakim, and pled with the people on Jeremiah's behalf (Jeremiah 26:17 ). In exile also there were elders heading up the community (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; 14:1 ; 20:1,3 ). The elders stood at the head of the people in the rebuilding of the temple and even in dealings with the Persian government (Ezra 5:9 ; 6:7,8 , 14 ). The system of city elders is evidenced with Ezra resolved to excommunicate those who had married foreign wives (Ezra 10:8,14 ). By Nehemiah's time the elders are referred to as the nobility (Nehemiah 2:16 ; 4:14,19 ; 5:7 ; 7:5 ).
The call for a king came from the people toward the end of Samuel's judgeship. The people were no longer satisfied to have God as their King, and God viewed their request as a rejection of himself (1 Samuel 8:7 ; 12:12 ). In the end God told Samuel to listen to the people. He anointed Saul and told him that he was anointed by the Lord (10:1; cf. 12:13). Three subsequent errors on Saul's part (chaps. 13,14, 15) showed that his heart had become proud (15:17) and he no longer fully obeyed the Lord. The Lord regretted having made him king, and Saul's kingdom was not established forever as it might otherwise have been (13:13).
In Saul's place God had Samuel anoint David, a man whose perspective was in line with God's (13:14). With him God made a covenant forever that forecast that any well-being would be by his appointment, and that any necessary correction he would accomplish through their enemies (2 Samuel 7:9-16 ). Care had been taken already in Deuteronomy to warn future kings against self-indulgence, against lifting themselves up above their fellow countrymen. Pride spelled ruin. On the positive side faith, along with obedience, was determinative for success (Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ). These were the terms of the theocracy. David's son, Solomon, began to rule following his father's footsteps, but in the course of his reign he multiplied for himself horses, wives, and silver and gold—all three areas against which Deuteronomy had sounded a warning. His foreign wives turned him away from trusting in God, and for this the Lord said he would tear from him the kingdom and give it to his servant, leaving him but one tribe for his father's sake (1 Kings 11:1-13 ; cf. chap. 12 ).
The chronicler is especially careful to point out how the successors in David's line failed to meet the terms of the theocracy. For example, through a prophet Asa was told that if he sought the Lord, he would let him find him; but if he forsook God, God would forsake him (2 Chronicles 15:2 ). Hezekiah sought the Lord with all his heart and prospered (31:21)until he became proud (32:25). Subsequent humbling postponed God's wrath during Hezekiah's time (32:26), as it did again near the end of Manasseh's wicked reign (33:9-19). In summary, God warned the kings again and again for their unfaithfulness, sending them his messengers, the prophets, but they did not listen until finally God moved in wrath to judge them at the hands of the Babylonians (36:12-16).
When the ten northern tribes seceded from Judah the Davidic covenant did not apply to their kings, but the issue of obedience as outlined in Deuteronomy still obtained. Jeroboam, their first king, set up the calf cult at Dan and Bethel. For this his own family line was blotted off the face of the earth (1 Kings 13:33-34 ), and for this eventually the whole kingdom went into captivity (2 Kings 17:16-18 ). The kings who followed Jeroboam persisted in his ungodly direction.
After Jerusalem fell to the Babylonians, Judah was ruled by governors chosen by Babylon and then Persia, some at least from Judean royal blood (Gedaliah, 1 Kings 25:22 ; Zerubbabel 1 Chronicles 3:10-19 ). Not that this was so different from the situation just prior to Jerusalem's fallthe kings then, too, sere set up and removed at the will of foreign powers, Jehoiakim favored over his brother by Egypt and Zedekiah over his nephew by Babylon (2 Chronicles 36:3,10 ). Nehemiah's lineage is not recorded. He was recognized by the Persian king for his faithful service as his cupbearer and for his concern for his own people back in Jerusalem. Faith and obedience were still integral to God's blessing on leadership.
Charismatic Leaders . The Old Testament leader par excellence was Moses. Unlike others, God spoke mouth to mouth to him (Numbers 12:6-8 ). At the age of forty he expected that his people would recognize him as God's appointed leader to bring their deliverance, but this first initiative was prematurely aborted and he fled the country (Acts 7:23-29 ). Forty years later he was clearly called of God, and this time he returned to Egypt and first gained the support of the elders of Israel (Exodus 4:29-31 ). Through signs and wonders his own people and also the people of Egypt came to recognize him as God's man. At Sinai the Law and the tabernacle instructions were given to Moses to pass along to the people. He acted on behalf of God at the installation of Aaron and his sons to the priesthood. On occasion God needed to vindicate Moses' leadership before the people (Exodus 16 ; Numbers 12-13 ). God viewed their grumbling against Moses as grumbling against himself (Exodus 16:7-8 ). Conversely, Moses was held accountable when he broke faith and did not represent God as holy in the sight of the people (Numbers 20:12 ). For this he was disallowed entrance into the promised land. He did actively prepare a successor, Joshua, and the people to accept him as their leader under God (Deuteronomy 31:2-8 ).
Joshua began his term of leadership with a challenge from God to take courage. If he obeyed carefully God would grant him success in taking over the land of the Canaanites (Joshua 1:2-9 ). Having accomplished that goal by the end of his life, he apparently did not see a need to prepare a successor.
The judges were charismatic leaders raised up by God (Judges 2:16 ) to deliver his people. Their work was both military and supervisory in kind, and though not all were involved in the military, this is the aspect that comprises much of the biblical record and therefore for which they are best known. Likely their supervisory activities normally resulted from their military success (Deborah is an exception). The judges seem to have been engaged in supervisory activity; no military involvement is mentioned for four of them. Their area of jurisdiction was local, sometimes extending to several tribes, and their judgeships apparently overlapped (e.g., Jephthah and Samson, Judges 10:7 ). Though the law did not prescribe the office of judge, it was approved by God for Scripture regularly states that he raised up the judge (Judges 3:9,15 , etc. ), and at least four were specially enabled by the Holy Spirit (3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6,19; 15:14). None of them appointed successors to carry on their work. In the two instances where sons attempted to carry on in their father's footsteps, they did not succeed (Gideon's son, Abimelech; Samuel's sons).
Jeremiah 18:18 speaks of the priests, the prophets, and the counselors. At David's court there were permanent counselors ( 1 Chronicles 27:32-33 ). These men were recognized and chosen for their wisdom. It was said of Ahithophel that his advice was as if one inquired of the word of God.
The prophets/prophetesses were God's mouth to the people similarly as Aaron was Moses' mouth (Exodus 4:16 ). They spoke out to kings, princes, priests, false prophets, and people, and even to the nations. Elisha took God's message to Syria (2 Kings 8 ), Jonah to Nineveh, and Ezekiel preached among the exiles in Babylon. But most of their attention was focused on Israel. God sent prophets to sound a warning before the northern kingdom fell to Assyria (Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah) and before Babylon took Judah (Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, Ezekiel). Since these recorded their messages future generations had to take notice that they had been warned.
How the prophets were received was in direct proportion to the Godward bent of their audience, the rulers in particular. Samuel's influence with the people was strong enough that Saul didn't think of harming him. David bowed to Nathan's condemnation. Isaiah and Hezekiah worked well together, Jeremiah mourned Josiah's death, and Haggai and Zechariah collaborated with Zerubbabel to get the temple rebuilt. But others fared worse, for example, Elijah with Ahab and Jezebel, Amos with Jeroboam and Amaziah, priest of the Bethel calf cult, and Jeremiah with Josiah's three reigning sons and grandson. It's difficult to be a leader if the people are unwilling to follow.
Religious Leaders . The official leaders in Israel were the priests, headed by the high priest. Their office was hereditary, with the eldest living son of the high priest continuing his father's position. While God charged all Israel to be a people that functioned in a priestly ministry to the world (Exodus 19:6 ), it was Aaron and his family who were consecrated to do the service at the tabernacle (Leviticus 8 ). Their ordination ceremony was repeated on seven successive dayssurely an indication to all that they were specially set apart for their priestly ministry.
The functions of the priests were several. Primarily they were to mediate between God and man. By officiating in the offerings God had prescribed, they led the people in acquiring atonement for their sin. Second, in their person and in their dress they were to represent the holiness of God to the people. Their garments were "for glory and for beauty, " the high priest's especially, and on his mitre was a gold band engraved "holiness to Yahweh" (Exodus 28:2,36 ). Conversely when he represented the people to God on the Day of Atonement, he donned plain white garments. Physical wholeness and exemplary conduct were requisites for the priesthood (Leviticus 21-22:9 ). Third, the priests were to render the will of God by means of the Urim and Thummim worn by the high priest in his breastplate (Numbers 27:21 ). Finally, it was their responsibility to instruct the laity in the distinction between holy and profane, clean and unclean (Leviticus 10:10-11 ).
From the day of the first Passover in Egypt the firstborn of every household specially belonged to God. After the golden calf incident it was the tribe of Levi who stood out to count themselves on the Lord's side (Exodus 32:26 ), and thereafter they took the place of the firstborn (1618089822_58 ). At their induction they were sprinkled and offered as a wave offeringa kind of living sacrifice.
Their function was twofold. They were to assist their brothers, the priests, in the service of the tabernacle from age thirty to fifty (4:3). Second, they were to keep watch over the tabernaclethat is, in effect, to do guard duty from the age of one month old and upward by living around the tabernacle. Their dwellings thus formed the buffer zone to prevent others from incurring God's wrath by approaching too nearly to this holy spot (1:53; 3:28; 8:19).
The New Testament . In New Testament times there were no longer the civil leaders of the Old Testament theocracy. There were official religious leaders, but their office was no longer hereditary. And there were charismatic religious leaders, though none of these bore the prominence of the prophet-statesmen of the Old Testament. This may be explained by the fact that the official leaders were to be chosen on recognition of their godliness and gifts, quite a different system than the Old Testament priesthood. The Jewish priesthood continued in New Testament times, but the church and its government evolved outside the purview of Judaism. In fact, the New Testament seems to have resisted using clerical words for their ministers.
Religious Leaders . The twelve apostles were chosen not in recognition of special spiritual endowment but solely on Jesus' initiative. Their purpose was to be with him and then to go out to preach (Mark 3:14 ) and to do miracles (Matthew 10:7 ). After the ascension those Twelve who had been closest to Jesus during his life now became his representatives, assuming an authoritative position in the company of Christians. New converts early came under their teaching ministry (Acts 2:42 ). They continued to do miracles of healing and exorcism of demons (Acts 5:12 ; 2 Corinthians 12:12 ). Administratively they oversaw the common fund (Acts 4:37 until the job was too big and was transferred to others [1]). They exercised discipline on occasion (5:1-11) and likely led in the celebration of the Lord's Supper. When problems arose they took the lead in their resolution, including the elders in the process. With the church expanding to other areas their attention involved the oversight of those groups also (8:14; 9:32). Galatians 1:19 assumes that most of them are out of town (Jerusalem), presumably on missionary endeavors. Their commitment was to the congregation of believers, not to Peter.
The substitute for Judas was chosen by lot under the direction of the Holy Spirit and also with the qualification of being an eyewitness from John's baptism till the ascension (Acts 1:21-22 ). After this no effort was made to select successors for those who died (12:2).
As the apostles and missionary prophets and teachers died off or moved on, there was left a need for someone or some persons to be the focal point for the community life of the local group of believers. These leaders were referred to as presbuteroi [ Acts 20:28 ), yet in verse 17 they are called elders. Their status was "elder" and their Job was to oversee.
The elders are first mentioned in Acts 11:30 . In the narrative concerning the Council in Jerusalem they are always named in conjunction with the apostles as the decision makers (15:2,4, 6,22-23). They functioned as a supreme court for the entire church. Out beyond Jerusalem elders were appointed in the churches founded by Paul and Barnabas already on their first missionary journey (14:23; cf. Titus 1:5-9 ).
The episcopate was a distinct office that one might seek (1 Timothy 3:1 ) and that was to be done voluntarily and eagerly, not for gain. The qualifications were listed, though not the duties. Moral reliability came firstthe overseer needed to live an honorable and exemplary life, avoiding excesses. Then there must be proof in his own home of his ability to lead the life of the congregationhigh value was placed on a well-ordered and hospitable home. The overseer should be an apt teacher. He must be mature and not susceptible to pride, which comes all too naturally to those who do well. Finally, he must be without reproach according to the standards of the non-Christian world so as to be kept away from scandal.
In the first mention of persons called deacons (Philippians 1:1 ), we find them linked with the overseers and mentioned after them. Their qualifications are listed in 1 Timothy 3 after those of the overseer. The second listing is evidence that the two are distinct offices. While many qualifications are the same for both, the deacons need not be apt to teach, but are not to be double-tongued or greedyqualities very apt for those who visit in many homes and who have the administration of funds. Their capacity to serve as deacons was a gift from God ( 1 Corinthians 12:28 ). Their function seems to carry through the original meaning of their name (didaskein, "to wait at table") as it is used in Acts 6:2 . There the Twelve led the congregation to select seven men for that Job (though Stephen and Philip at least were also known as preachers and teachers of the Word). The church seems to use this term to express generally the same love and care of others. In the early Jerusalem church the apostles yet carried out the functions that would be taken up by the overseers/elders, and accordingly the need for deacons became the first obvious vacancy in church community leadership.
Along with the deacons there were also deaconessesthe first mentioned is Phoebe (Romans 16:1 ). The question is open whether she served in the office of deaconess or whether her service to the church community is simply being referred to. Likewise it is not clear whether 1 Timothy 3:11 refers to deaconesses or to the wives of deacons.
Charismatic Leaders . In the New Testament there is not a clear delineation between official leaders and charismatic leaders for the office was by the very nature of it intended for persons who were recognized for, among other qualifications, their spiritual gifts.
Though prophets ranked in importance second only to the apostles (1 Corinthians 12:28-31 ; Ephesians 4:11 ), none carried the role of statesmen as did Samuel, Elijah, Isaiah, and Jeremiah. The prophets' ministry included revelation (1 Corinthians 14:29-32 ), prediction, identifying individuals for specific ministry (
Webster's Dictionary - Leadership
(n.) The office of a leader.

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Championship - ) State of being champion; Leadership; supremacy
Holiness Church, the - Organized in California in 1896 under the Leadership of Reverend Hardin Wallace, a minister of the Free Methodist Church
Azbuk - (az' buhk) Father of a Nehemiah who repaired Jerusalem under the Leadership of Nehemiah, son of Hachaliah (Nehemiah 3:16 )
Hegemony - ) Leadership; preponderant influence or authority; - usually applied to the relation of a government or state to its neighbors or confederates
Ezra - the Book of: The book of Tanach relating Jewish history during the early Second Holy Temple Era under the Leadership of Ezra and Nehemiah
Athlai - ” A man who agreed under Ezra's Leadership to divorce his foreign wife and return to faithfulness to Yahweh
Locust - ...
Proverbs 30:27 (c) This is a figure used to illustrate the blessedness of mutual fellowship regardless of Leadership. Also that the problems of life require united effort though there be no adequate Leadership
Aziza - ” Israelite who agreed under Ezra's Leadership to divorce his foreign wife to help Israel remain true to God (Ezra 10:27 )
Fourth Crusade - (1198-1204) Instituted, 1198 by Pope Innocent III and under the Leadership of Simon de Montfort, Baldwin of Flanders, and Boniface of Montferrat, it culminated in the conquest of Constantinople, 1204
Bedeiah - ” Man with foreign wife who divorced her under Ezra's Leadership to prevent tempting Israel with foreign gods (Ezra 10:35 )
Ark And Dove - Names of the vessels in which the first colonists arrived in Maryland, March 25, 1634, under the Leadership of Leonard Calvert, as governor, and the spiritual direction of the Jesuit chaplains Andrew White and John Altham
Overseer - Used in scripture for any one that had the oversight or Leadership of others
Zollverein - ) Literally, a customs union; specifically, applied to the several customs unions successively formed under the Leadership of Prussia among certain German states for establishing liberty of commerce among themselves and common tariff on imports, exports, and transit
Archevites - (ahr' chih vitess) Group who joined Rehum the commander in writing a letter to King Artaxerxes of Persia protesting the rebuilding of Jerusalem under Zerubbabel's Leadership about 537 B
Shamgar ben anath - 1107 BCE) Third of the Judges, ruled together with Ehud during the last years of the latter�s Leadership
Ashi, rabbi - (352-427) Talmudic sage, at the age of 20 he assumed Leadership of the academy in Sura, a position he held until his passing, 52 years later
Jaasu - An Israelite who agreed under Ezra's Leadership to divorce his foreign wife to ensure the religious purity of the nation (Ezra 11:37 )
Othniel ben kenaz - At that time, the Israelites lacked Leadership and fell prey to the Aramite king, Cushan-Rishathaim
Albright, Jacob - A religious movement of the German community in Pennsylvania which was organized in 1803 under the Leadership of Jacob Albright
Evangelical Associations - A religious movement of the German community in Pennsylvania which was organized in 1803 under the Leadership of Jacob Albright
Evangelical Church General Conference - A religious movement of the German community in Pennsylvania which was organized in 1803 under the Leadership of Jacob Albright
Gaal - ” Man who usurped Abimelech's Leadership in Shechem but met sudden defeat from Abimelech and left the city (Judges 9:26-41 )
Jarib - Priest who pledged under Ezra's Leadership to divorce his foreign wife to remove the temptation to worship the foreigners' gods (Ezra 10:18 )
Rabba bar nahmeini - Under his Leadership, the academy gained prominence, and attendance of the semiannual month-long scholarly conventions swelled
Fire, Pillar of - It was a symbol of the Leadership of Christ
Mallinckrodt, Hermann Von - After 1870 he shared the Center Leadership with Reichensperger and Windthorst
Inscription - ” According to John 19:21 , the Jewish Leadership found the inscription offensive
Hashum - Some clan members divorced their foreign wives under Ezra's Leadership to rid the community of religious temptations (Ezra 10:33 )
Hermann Von Mallinckrodt - After 1870 he shared the Center Leadership with Reichensperger and Windthorst
Separatists - Many of its members emigrated to America in 1817 under the Leadership of Joseph Bliumeler and settled at Zoar, Ohio
Children's Crusade - In accordance with this belief thousands of children were gathered, under the Leadership of a young shepherd of Vendome and a youth from Cologne, for an expedition to Palestine in 1212
Reuben - At times he showed qualities of character and Leadership (Genesis 37:21-30; Genesis 42:22; Genesis 42:37), but he lost the firstborn’s rights because of his immorality with one of his father’s concubines. As a result the civil Leadership of Israel went to the tribe of Judah, the religious Leadership to Levi, and the double portion of the inheritance to Joseph
Christ - After the Resurrection He was spoken of as Jesus Christ, and pagans who knew not the import of the word for anointed often referred to Him not as Christos, but, regarding His character and Leadership, as Chrestus (the excellent one)
Rephidim - While the Hebrews were encamped at Rephidim, the Amalekites came against them and were defeated by Israel under Joshua's Leadership
Barak - (bay' rak) The son of Abinoam whom the prophetess Deborah summoned to assume military Leadership of the Israelites in a campaign against Canaanite forces under the command of Sisera (Judges 4:6 )
African Methodist Episcopal Church - A community of Methodist Episcopal Negroes organized on 9 to April 11, 1816 in Philadelphia under the Leadership of Richard Allen
Rephidim - While the Hebrews were encamped at Rephidim, the Amalekites came against them and were defeated by Israel under Joshua's Leadership
Phlegon - Paul in Romans 16:14, probably as forming a household church at Rome or Ephesus under the Leadership of Asyncritus, the first mentioned (cf
Kingdom of Satan - More definitely the kingdom of Satan means the organized forces of the evil spirits under the Leadership of Satan, the "Adversary," the devil
Frisians - Under the Leadership of Radbod, a fanatical pagan, they obtained possession of Frisia (716), forced Saint Willibrord and the missionaries to leave, but finally were forced to surrender Western Frisia to keep the peace
Bezaleel - Man who followed Ezra's Leadership and divorced his foreign wife (Ezra 10:30 )
Nehemiah - Under his Leadership, the walls surrounding Jerusalem were rebuilt, increasing the city's security against its hostile neighbors
High - A place of Leadership ( Deuteronomy 26:19)
Anthropomorphism - In the 4th century, some few Christians in Syria and Scythia, under the Leadership of Audreus, interpreting certain texts of Genesis literally, held that God had a human form; they were called Anthropomorphites
Satan, Kingdom of - More definitely the kingdom of Satan means the organized forces of the evil spirits under the Leadership of Satan, the "Adversary," the devil
Catholic Boys Brigade of the United States - The organization became nation-wide with the approval of the Holy See, 1921, and led to the establishment of courses in boy Leadership in many young men's Catholic colleges, 1924
Cameronians - Group of Scotch Covenanters under the Leadership of Richard Cameron who separated from the Scotch Presbyterian Church
Eliphelet - A man who divorced his foreign wife under Ezra's Leadership to avoid false worship among God's people (Ezra 10:33 )
Nationalism - As such it is characterized by emotional appeals to a glorious past, a belligerent attitude in foreign relations, a contemptuous disdain of foreigners, a heartless disregard of the rights of minorities, and an arrogant assertion of Leadership in the family of nations
Elioenai - A priest who agreed under Ezra's Leadership to divorce his foreign wife to protect the community from false worship (Ezra 10:22 )
Niger - His inclusion in Acts 13:1 demonstrates the multiracial and multinational Leadership of the church at Antioch
Flock - Psalm 77:20 (a) The people of Israel are compared to sheep under the Leadership of the Lord GOD of Heaven
Methodist Episcopal Church, South - Separatist slaveholders from the Methodist Episcopal Church under the Leadership of James O
Eglon - King of Moab, under whose Leadership the Ammonites and Amalekites joined with the Moabites in fighting and defeating the Israelites
Leading - ...
The Leadership of religious authorities is referred to in the description of scribes and Pharisees as ‘blind guides’ or ‘blind leaders of the blind’ (Matthew 23:16; Matthew 15:14); the metaphor being based on the sight, familiar in Eastern cities, of rows or files of blind persons each holding by the one in front. Luke (Luke 6:39) in immediate connexion with the appointment of the Twelve, it may be presumed that Jesus pressed on His disciples the necessity of their recognizing and qualifying for the duties of true Leadership. In these passages the Leadership is through death from life on earth to life in heaven
Judah, Son of Jacob - Fourth son of Jacob, Judah soon established himself in the family as one who had genuine Leadership qualities (Genesis 29:31-35; Genesis 37:25-27; Genesis 43:1-10; Genesis 44:14-34; Genesis 46:28)
Flock - More particularly, it speaks of Israel as subjects of earthly kings (Jeremiah 13:20 ; 25:34-36 ; Ezekiel 34:2-3 ) or of the elders of the church (Acts 20:28 ; 1 Peter 5:3 ), who are held accountable for their Leadership. Failing that Leadership, or perhaps in rebellion to it, Israel is seen as a people without a shepherd (Numbers 27:17 ; 1 Kings 22:17 ), helpless ones (2 Samuel 24:17 ) who wander and go astray (Isaiah 53:6 ; Zechariah 10:2 )
Shibboleth - Thus when the Ephraimites from the west invaded Gilead, and were defeated by the Gileadites under the Leadership of Jephthah, and tried to escape by the "passages of the Jordan," the Gileadites seized the fords and would allow none to pass who could not pronounce "shibboleth" with a strong aspirate
Joshua - (יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, later יֵשׁוּעַ, ‘Jahweh is deliverance or salvation’)...
Joshua, the successor of Moses in the Leadership of Israel, was named Ἰησοῦς in the Septuagint and NT, and therefore ‘Jesus’ in the English Authorized Version ; but the Revisers, in accordance with their rule of reproducing OT names in the Hebrew rather than the Greek form, have changed this into ‘Joshua
Sect - It is used by the Catholic Church to designate any band of Christians who refuse to accept the doctrine and authority of the Church and constitute a religious party under human unauthorized Leadership
Quakers - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Quakers, Fighting - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Quakers, Free - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Friends - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Friends, Hicksite Society of - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Friends of Truth - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Children of Light - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Friends, Orthodox Society of - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Friends, Wilburite Orthodox Conservative - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Children of Truth - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Fighting Quakers - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Free Quakers - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Orthodox Society of Friends - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Light, Children of - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Hicksite Society of Friends - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Prince - ...
Though the origin and meaning of nâśı̂y' are controversial, it is clearly associated with Leadership, both Israelite and non-lsraelite. The “princes” (“leaders”) of Israel did not only participate in the civil Leadership; they were also regarded as pillars in Israelite religious life, the upholders of the covenantal way of life: “And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them” ( Society of Friends (Orthodox) - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Truth, Children of - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Truth, Friends of - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends - A group of religious bodies, including: the Orthodox Society of Friends; the Hicksite Society of Friends, dissenters under the Leadership of Elias Hicks; the Wilburite Orthodox Conservative Friends, separatists under the Leadership of John Wilbur; and the Religious Society of Friends of Philadelphia who seceded from the Wilburites
Elder - Within the community of God’s people, God marks out certain people for responsibilities of care and Leadership. This is the word that the Old Testament uses for those in Israel who exercised Leadership in the community (Exodus 24:1; Deuteronomy 21:1-6; Ruth 4:2-11; 1 Samuel 8:4; see RULER), and that the New Testament uses for Jewish officials who administered Jewish affairs through the synagogue councils and the Sanhedrin (Mark 15:1; Luke 7:3; Acts 4:5; see SANHEDRIN; SYNAGOGUE). ...
Developments in church Leadership...
The first Christian church was in Jerusalem, and in its early days its Leadership came from the group of apostles whom Jesus had earlier appointed (Acts 4:37; Acts 6:2; Acts 11:1). If the elder is proved guilty, he should be publicly rebuked, again because of the high standards required of those in positions of Leadership (1 Timothy 5:19-20). People in the church will recognize his gift; in fact, elders have a responsibility to train those who appear to have Leadership ability (2 Timothy 2:2; cf
Heap - ...
Habakkuk 2:5 (a) Here we are taught that some one will gather followers around himself who agree with him and his Leadership
Administration - It describes the ability to lead or hold a position of Leadership
Marriage - Galatians 3:28 ), intimate in relationship, common in purpose, but distinct personalities with different roles: the husband leads and the wife submits to his Leadership (cf. The husband's responsibility is Leadership, even as Christ is the head of the church, his body (Ephesians 5:23 ). ...
The husband is to assume headship/leadership (1 Corinthians 11:3 ; Ephesians 5:23 ). The normal meaning of biblical headship is Leadership with authority, as exemplified in Christ (cf. Leadership's goal is not to show the leader's superiority, but to elicit all the strengths of people for the desired objective. "...
Leadership assumes the responsibility to initiate and implement spiritual and moral planning for a family. ...
The husband's Leadership and its authority is a God-given responsibility to be carried out in humility. Inappropriate use of Leadership should be curbed by the unique intimacy and union implied in the phrases "one flesh, " "no one ever hated his own body, but he feeds and cares for it, " and "joint heirs of the grace of life" (Ephesians 5:29-31 ; 1 Peter 3:7 ). " It is a predisposition to yield to the husband's Leadership and a willingness to follow his authority. Relationships with other men are different in areas of submission and Leadership. A wife affirms and nurtures her husband's Leadership. A wife's respect is primarily for the role of Leadership that her husband occupies, not necessarily for his merits, though that would be the ideal. She recognizes the God-given Leadership with regard and deference. Rebellion against submission to male Leadership was Satan's initial temptation (Genesis 3:1-6,17 ; contra. Male domination and harshness crept into Leadership (cf
Joshua the Son of Jehozadak - ...
Joint Leadership...
Under the Leadership of Zerubbabel and Joshua, the returned exiles set up the altar soon after they arrived in Jerusalem (Ezra 3:1-2)
Hanani - Man who agreed under Ezra's Leadership to divorce his foreign wife to protect the Jews from temptation to worship idols (Ezra 10:20 )
Rejection (2) - When the Jews rejected Jesus, they wrote their own sentence of doom, while the Gentiles who have accepted Jesus have secured the Leadership of the world
Samuel, Books of - ...
Leadership is the guiding theme. The king's response shows the nature of true Leadership. ...
Other themes are subordinate to that of Leadership for Israel. God Gives His People an Example of Dedicated Leadership (1618089822_36:17 ). Superstitious use of religious relics is not a substitute for dedicated Leadership (1 Samuel 4:16-22 ). God Raises Up New Leadership for His People (1 Samuel 16:1-31:13 ). God gives His Spirit to the chosen person meeting His Leadership qualifications (1 Samuel 16:1-13 )
Zechariah, Book of - They settled in Jerusalem under the Leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Joshua, and set about rebuilding the city and the temple (Ezra 1:1-4; Ezra 2:1-2). He draws a striking contrast between the worthless Leadership of unspiritual people and the kind of Leadership God wants (9:1-11:17)
Nebraska - One of the earliest Catholic settlements of Nebraska was founded in Dakota County in 1855 by a group under the Leadership of Reverend J
Huguenots - They held a national synod, 1559, and gradually increased in strength under the Leadership of d' Andelot, Admiral Coligny, and Henry of Navarre
Miriam - Consequently, God reminded her of Moses' divinely appointed Leadership and chastened her with leprosy
Banner - ...
Song of Solomon 2:4 (c) This banner represents the Leadership of the Lord in the lives of His people
King, Kingship - Their Leadership was temporary and local in nature, their main function being to lead those parts of Israel threatened by some outside force until the threat was gone. ...
As Israel became more settled in Canaan, the old tribal institutions of Leadership began to dissolve (see, for example, 1 Samuel 8:3 ). This decline of tribal Leadership coupled with the threat of the Philistines to all tribes of Israel threatened the existence of Israel itself. Many in Israel began to feel a need for a permanent and national Leadership as a way of dealing with the threat (see 1 Samuel 8:20 ; 1 Chronicles 27:25-31 ). ...
The significant thing about Saul's Leadership is that for the first time after settlement in Canaan, Israel had a permanent national military leader. ...
David's Leadership, however, represents the second stage in the transition
Joshua, Theology of - ...
Four theological themes appear in the descriptions of Joshua in the Pentateuch: Joshua's divine commission as leader of Israel, his military Leadership, his allocation of the land, and his role in Israel's covenant with God. The first chapter of the Book of Joshua establishes Joshua's Leadership as divinely appointed successor to Moses. Their context of God's promised presence suggests that it is the divine choice and enablement of Joshua that precedes his Leadership and gives it success. Joshua's military Leadership recurs throughout the first twelve chapters. In both of these sections Joshua's Leadership establishes Israel in close relationship with God. This is supplemented by God's continual Leadership and provision for the present generation in bringing them through the kingdoms east of the Jordan River, in enabling them to cross the Jordan, and in waging war on their behalf so that they can occupy the land. God's gracious gift of the land and his provision for the people as their leader and guide bear witness to later generations of divinely willed Leadership for Israel and of how the faithful fulfillment of the covenant could bring upon God's people all the blessings involved in their occupation of the land. The later failures of Israel's Leadership and of the people brought divine judgment, which revoked these blessings by uprooting the people from that land and sending them into exile
Mohammed - He possessed dauntless courage and great Leadership, but employed barbarous and treacherous means to further his cause, and the rapid diffusion of his doctrine was due mostly to warlike methods
Malta Country - Ecclesiastical Leadership has always been strong in Malta, and the place occupied by religion in the lives of the people is demonstrated not only by the number of clergy and religious men and women, but also by the frequency of religious feasts and processions
Eliashib - Two Israelites who agreed to divorce his foreign wife under Ezra's Leadership (Ezra 10:27 ,Ezra 10:27,10:36 )
Anabaptists - The moderates flourished in the Netherlands and adopted their new name, Mennonites, from a former Catholic priest, Menno Simonis, who assumed their Leadership
Hardeneth - Men harden their hearts, they turn against GOD, they refuse GOD's Leadership and His right to rule over them
Gossip - All who are in positions of Leadership or influence must be especially careful not to gossip (1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:3)
Zerubbabel - The original leader of the Jews was Sheshbazzar (Ezra 1:8; Ezra 5:14), but his Leadership was soon replaced by the joint Leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Joshua (Ezra 2:2; Haggai 1:1)
Zealot - ]'>[2] , and the activity of guerilla bands in Galilee under the Leadership of one Ezechias. Its ringleaders were known as the Sicarii, and their overthrow of all moderating Leadership sealed the doom of Jerusalem
Fraticelli - Their early history is bound up with that of the Franciscan Celestines, a group of extreme Spirituals under the Leadership of Angelo da Clareno, suppressed by John XXII in 1317
Obadiah - A gatekeeper and guardian of “the ward” (“the storerooms at the gates,” NIV) during the Leadership of Ezra and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:25 )
Philologus - If this be so, Philologus and Julia were perhaps the parents of ‘Nereus and his sister and Olympas,’ and this family were the nucleus of the Christian community which met under their Leadership in their house (cf
Abner - Without the Leadership of Abner, Ishbosheth’s ‘kingdom’ quickly collapsed (2 Samuel 4; 2 Samuel 5:1)
Command - ) Authority; power or right of control; Leadership; as, the forces under his command
león, Spain - In 1029 Leon and Castile became the possessions of Ferdinand I of Navarre, and from this time the Leadership passed to Castile with which Leon was finally incorporated in 1230
Nereus - If so, Nereus and his sister and Olympas may have been their family, which formed the nucleus of a church which met under their Leadership at their house in Rome or Ephesus
Appoint - ...
At the conclusion of the first missionary journey Paul and Barnabas established Leadership in the new congregations. Perhaps in these settings the apostles' wisdom was necessary to establish Leadership, though the apostles' selection may have been confirmed by vote of the congregations (see also Titus 1:5 )
Ai - The city was almost the ruin of Joshua's Leadership (Joshua 7:1-9 ); it was the ruin of Achan and his family (Joshua 7:16-26 ); and it suffered complete ruin (Joshua 8:1-29 ). Victory did not lie in military strength or wise Leadership
Circumcision - The uncircumcised are those who are insensitive to God's Leadership. The Leadership of the apostle Paul in the Jerusalem Council was crucial in the settlement of the dispute: circumcision was not essential to Christian faith and fellowship
Aaron - ...
Early developments...
Although Aaron was three years older than Moses (Exodus 7:7), he willingly accepted Moses’ supreme Leadership of the nation. He was also one of those to whom Moses entrusted the Leadership of Israel during his absence (Exodus 24:1-2; Exodus 24:9; Exodus 24:14)
Sheep - Sheep needed a shepherd to protect and lead them, and in the same way people need God to care for them and give them the right Leadership in life (Numbers 27:17; Matthew 10:16; John 10:11; John 10:27; John 21:15-17; 1 Peter 5:1-4; see SHEPHERD)
Theocracy - A premonarchic form was based on the Sinaitic covenant (Exodus 19:1 ) and on the charismatic Leadership of the judges and the prophets
Divided Kingdom - Under the Leadership of men like Zerubbabel, Joshua, Haggai, Zechariah, Ezra, and Nehemiah, the Southern Kingdom was reborn, beginning in 538 B
Spirituals - 1274,under the Leadership first of Liberato, then of Angelo da Clareno, 1307; see also Fraticelli
the Spirituals of Provence, France, led by Pierre Jean Olivi, to which group is due the great process between the Spirituals and the Community at the papal court at Avignon (1310 to 1312)
the Spirituals of Tuscany, appearing in 1309, excommunicated by Pope John XXII in 1318
The movement of the Spirituals failed to obtain its aim; it even led, through the errors of its leaders, to schism and heresy, but stricter observance of the rule, regenerated by their zeal and shortly after combined with full submission to authority, led the order to new prosperity
Capstone - ...
So the Zechariah 4:7 passage is clearly "capstone" but the remainder are probably best taken as "cornerstone, " with the point being that Jesus was rejected by the ones who ought to have known him (builders = Jewish Leadership), but God has exalted him to be the chief stone above all, the very head of the corner, on which all else depends
Fasting - The early church often fasted in seeking God's will for Leadership in the local church (Acts 13:2 )
Spies - , unknown to the people ( Joshua 2:1 ), "to view the land and Jericho" after the death of Moses, and just before the tribes under his Leadership were about to cross the Jordan
Wilderness of the Wandering, - Toward the close of the forty years from Egypt they again assembled at Kadesh, and, once more under the Leadership of the Shechinah, they marched down the Arabah on their way to the promised land
Zealot - The Jews were divided among themselves, with various extremists competing for Leadership
Violence - Candidates for church Leadership should be nonviolent persons (1 Timothy 3:3 ; Titus 1:7 )
Jehoash - After being kept in concealment until he was seven years old, he was crowned by the bodyguard under the active Leadership of Jehoiada, the chief priest
Apostolic Council - ...
The council showed the working of the early church with strong Leadership yet involving the voice of the congregation (Acts 15:12 ,Acts 15:12,15:22 ), the messengers sent from Jerusalem to Antioch not being part of the twelve apostles
Age, Old (the Aged) - But more commonly, the term is used to describe the Leadership of the people (presbyteroi [ Matthew 21:23 ). ...
Later in the New Testament period, the "elders" became the official religious Leadership in the early church. The Old Testament custom of honoring the aged with positions of favor politically and socially was continued in the New Testament practice of conferring Leadership roles on the "elders
Elder - presbyteros [2]) who had a office of Leadership within the people of God. Their Leadership position was evident from the fact that Moses had to go to the elders, he would have to go to Pharaoh (Exodus 3:16-18 ). The elders' Leadership was evident in other ways as well. As previously, elders were in positions of Leadership both in the homeland (Ezra 10:14 ) and Babylon (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; 14:1 ; 20:1,3 ). The office of elder in the New Testament church cannot be fully understood without the background of the Old Testament local elder, an office still functioning in New Testament Judaism with duties pertaining to discipline and Leadership (cf
Deborah - Deborah's authority under God was evidenced by Barak's desire to have her present with him in the army camp (Judges 4:8 ,Judges 4:8,4:14 ) and by the testimony to her Leadership in the song (Judges 5:7 ,Judges 5:7,5:12 ,Judges 5:12,5:15 )
Sheep - Sheep symbolized people without Leadership and unity, scattered like sheep without a shepherd (1 Kings 22:17 ), innocent people not deserving of punishment (1 Chronicles 21:17 ), as helpless facing slaughter (Psalm 44:11 ,Psalms 44:11,44:22 ) and death (Psalm 49:14 )
Center Party -
Many Protestants became affiliated with the party, which, under the capable Leadership of Windthorst, continued to grow in strength so that by 1878 it had become so powerful that Bismarck himself felt the need of its support for his economic program, and began to work for the abrogation of the anti-Catholic laws passed at his dictation
False Apostles - Their Leadership style was oppressive (2 Corinthians 11:20 )
Alexandria - Although the Christians suffered persecution there, they produced a school with such notables as Clement and Origen in Leadership
Firstborn - He received the special family blessing, which meant spiritual and social Leadership and a double portion of the father’s possessions—or twice what all the other sons received ( Peter - ...
Peter's Role in the Early Church Despite Peter's role among the disciples and the promise of his Leadership in the early church (see especially Matthew 16:17-19 ), Peter did not emerge as the leader of either form of primitive Christianity. Though he played an influential role in establishing the Jerusalem church (see the early chapters of Acts), James, the brother of Jesus, assumed the Leadership role of the Jewish community
Hananiah - Man who followed Ezra's Leadership and divorced his foreign wife to protect Judah from the temptation to worship foreign gods (Ezra 10:28 )
Moses - Then began, under the Leadership of Moses, a long and wearisome journey in the direction of the Promised Land, the dramatic episodes of which are related in the remaining chapter of Exodus and in Numbers
Mormons - A large group who refused the Leadership of Young formed the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Latter Day Saints - A large group who refused the Leadership of Young formed the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Titus, Letter to - Both letters were intended to encourage Paul’s fellow workers in the tasks they faced, particularly in matters concerning Leadership and teaching in the church
Gath - A bodyguard of Gittites was attached to David’s person under the Leadership of a certain Ittai; these remained faithful to the king after the revolt of Absalom ( 2 Samuel 15:18 )
Scepticism - " More recent sceptics are: ...
Theodore Jouffroy (1796-1842) who asserted that "Scepticism is the final pronouncement of the human mind"
David Hume (1711-1776) who makes all forms of synthesis and relation subjective in origin
Berkeley, to whom the corporeal world is a mere phenomenon of consciousness, the only objects, distinct from the mind, being spiritual substances: God, the soul, angels; in general the Idealists for whom esse est percipi (to be is to be; perceived)
Sound philosophy, under the Leadership of Aristotle and Saint Thomas; teaches: ...
that the Senses and the intellect normally are infallible with regard to their proper object
that the ultimate criterion of truth is objective evidence
that Scepticism is impossible in fact, because every man is conscious of certain truths, e
Midianites - And often did the Jews, lacking the strength or the faith or the Leadership necessary for effectual resistance, seek refuge in mountain-dens and caverns till the invaders retired
Haggai - There they began to establish a new community under the Leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Joshua (Ezra 1:1-4; Ezra 2:1-2)
Oxford Catholic Worker's College - , the headquarters of which are in the same house, and on returning to their homes they frequently combine, along with other useful activities, the Leadership of study circles, thus continuing their own study and imparting their knowledge to others
Pastor - Their Leadership and care of the church involves feeding it on teaching that is wholesome and protecting it from teaching that is harmful (Acts 20:29; 1 Timothy 1:3-7; 1 Timothy 6:3-21; Titus 1:9; see ELDER)
New Order - ...
Hebrews compares Christ to four key elements of the "old order": the law (1:1-2:4), Moses' Leadership (3:1-4:11), the Aaronic priesthood (4:12-8:5), and the sacrificial system (8:6-10:25)
Sadducees - For two centuries after the Exile the high priesthood earned the right to the Leadership of the Jewish nation. But in our Lord’s time its Leadership lay far back in the past
Tribes of Israel - History, however, gives us no record of Reuben’s priority in Leadership, but assigns that rôle to Joseph, so that the primacy of the Reuben tribe must go back to an earlier time and to the East Jordan. It is possible that the tribes which entered Canaan under Reuben’s Leadership, or during his supremacy, were classed under Leah, while those which followed under the lead of Joseph were classed under Rachel
Women - He gave the ultimate responsibility for Leadership to the man, but when sin entered the human race, the man misused his position to dominate the woman (Genesis 3:16). Some women were prophets (Exodus 15:20; Judges 4:4; Luke 2:36) and some rose to prominent positions in the nation’s Leadership (Numbers 12:4; Judges 4:4-6; Judges 5:7; 2 Kings 22:14-16)
Kohathites - ...
David appointed 120 Kohathites under the Leadership of Uriel to bring the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:5 )
Might - Since both physical strength and wisdom were necessary for Leadership, these two qualities are joined together: “Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom: I am understanding; I have strength” ( Head - ...
When used figuratively of people or nations, ‘head’ could indicate Leadership or authority (Deuteronomy 28:13; Judges 11:9; Ephesians 4:15-167)
Woman - ...
Old Testament Leadership . Although women were not permitted to be priests, they did on occasion hold other offices or Leadership roles in Israel. Although each of these examples of women in Leadership were exceptions and not norms, there is no evidence to support the claim that God used women only when there were no available or willing men. Just as in the Old Testament women enjoyed many prominent roles save one, the rest of the New Testament reveals women in all positions of spiritual Leadership save that of elder or overseer. ...
Restrictions on Leadership . Notwithstanding the overwhelming emphasis on liberation, privilege, freedom, and equality for women that characterizes most of the New Testament teaching, three passages stand out as implying certain limits on women in church Leadership, perhaps analogous to the relationship of wife and husband in the family. At least they have traditionally been so taken, throughout almost all of church history, corresponding to the general lack of women in the highest or most authoritative positions of ecclesial office (even as women's roles in all other positions of Leadership have been more plentiful than the average textbook of church history discloses). 29-33a), and that the ultimate responsibility of reevaluating prophecy would have fallen to the (presumably) all male Leadership of the Corinthian congregation, it is best to limit Paul's prohibition to speech in the context of the church's authoritative response to prophecy
Persia - Media then became Persia’s strongest ally, and its leaders shared in the civil and military Leadership of the expanding Persian Empire
Mediterranean Sea, the - ...
God exercises Leadership over all creation
Scripture - They functioned as members of believing communities, aware of God's Leadership in their lives
Lift - ...
Numbers 23:24 Israel restored to a place of Leadership
Elias i, Bishop of Jerusalem - When the Monophysites (Acephali) in Syria, under the Leadership of Xenaias of Hierapolis, broke into open insurrection, treating as heretics all who acknowledged the two natures, Elias was one of the chief objects of their attack
Deacon - Deacons had responsibility for a variety of ministries, but not the ministry of pastoral care and church Leadership (cf
Holy Spirit, Gifts of - One may separate gifts of Leadership (apostles, administrators, teachers, pastors, and evangelists) from the rest, although one must be careful not to confuse gifts with offices (humanly appointed positions of ecclesial authority). Here the specific examples focus solely on gifts for Leadership (v. Although all believers must "test the spirits, " each church's Leadership must ultimately render a verdict on the legitimacy of any alleged prophecy. Acts 20:28-31,1 Peter 5:1-4 spell out the servant Leadership required of these overseers. ...
Kybernesis [ 1 Corinthians 12:28 ), generally translated as "administration, " may also be rendered "oversight" or "guidance, " and encompasses the ruling or governing aspect of church Leadership. ...
The verb proistemi Deuteronomy, the Book of - Moses' approaching death and resulting transfer of human Leadership to Joshua, plus Israel's approaching battles in conquest of the land, formed the basis for renewal of the covenant. Moses was convinced that only through a renewed relationship with God could the new generation of Israelites hope to succeed under Joshua's Leadership in possessing the land. God expresses His demands in worship, Leadership, daily life, business life, legal practices, family life, and care for others (Deuteronomy 12:1-28:68 ). Conclusion: God Seeks Continuity in Leadership for His People (Deuteronomy 31:1-34:12 )
Idol - The first rebellion of the Hebrews centered around the golden calf made under Aaron's Leadership in the wilderness (Exodus 32:1 )
Midianite - A thousand warriors from each tribe, under the Leadership of Phinehas, went forth against them
Esdraelon - Frequently the question of Israel's Leadership was settled there
Blindness - As the Pharisees gained Leadership, they became blind leaders of the blind (Matthew 15:14 ; Matthew 23:16-26 )
Moses - Even the fiery serpents and the Amalekites failed to thwart the wilderness journey of the Israelites under Moses' Leadership. ...
Exodus 17:8-13 shows Moses to be faithful in the execution of his Leadership responsibilities. Indeed, Israel's historians told the entire story of Israel under the influence of the Moses model and suggested that the Davidic kings should have constructed their Leadership for Israel under the influence of the Moses model (Joshua—Kings)
Daniel - He demonstrated at an early age propensities of knowledge, wisdom, and Leadership
Hussites - Under the Leadership of Ziska of Troznow, however, the two factions successfully resisted both the imperial armies and the papal crusaders sent to subdue them
Ift - So the Christian may develop a gift for GOD under the Leadership of the Spirit and be greatly in demand by those who are seeking for the best in Christian service
Utraquists - Under the Leadership of Ziska of Troznow, however, the two factions successfully resisted both the imperial armies and the papal crusaders sent to subdue them
Caleb - They refused to trust God, and rebelled against the Leadership of Moses (Numbers 13:31-33; Numbers 14:1-4)
Sanhedrin - The Sanhedrin, under the Leadership of Caiaphas the high priest, plotted to have Jesus killed (John 11:47-53 )
Firstborn - The birthright of a firstborn included a double portion of the estate and Leadership of the family
Genealogies - They perhaps were the source of disputes about authority and Leadership in some churches
Gift, Giving - ...
Both Testaments witness to God's gift of Leadership to God's people as: priests (Numbers 8:19 ; Zechariah 3:7 ); Davidic kings (2 Chronicles 13:5 ); deliverers (Ephesians 4:11-12 ); shepherds with Godlike hearts (Jeremiah 3:15 ); apostles, prophets, evangelists, and pastor-teachers (2 Kings 13:5 )
Baal - ...
Baal Worship in Israel The Northern Kingdom of Israel, under the Leadership of Ahab of the household of Omri, was led to worship Baal as the state god (1 Kings 16:31 )
Deborah - It is a song of victory, sung in memory of Israel’s triumph (under the Leadership of Deborah and Barak) over Sisera and the kings of Canaan
Joab - ...
Above all, Joab was a skilled general ; this is seen by the number of victories he gained, namely, over the army of Ishbosheth under the Leadership of Abner ( 2 Samuel 2:12-32 ); over the Jebusites ( 1 Chronicles 11:6-9 ); over the Syrians and Ammonites ( 2 Samuel 10:1-19 ; 2 Samuel 11:1 ; 2 Samuel 12:26-29 ); over Absalom ( 2 Samuel 18:5-17 ); over Sheba ( 2 Samuel 20:4-22 )
War - If it was preceded by sacrifices recognizing His Leadership and sovereignty ( Elder; Aged - The “elder” was recognized by the people for his gifts of Leadership, wisdom, and justice
Leadership - In the earliest days of the Old Testament, Leadership of the people of God was by the family head or patriarch, to whom God spoke his messages. Faith and obedience were still integral to God's blessing on Leadership. On occasion God needed to vindicate Moses' Leadership before the people (Exodus 16 ; Numbers 12-13 ). ...
Joshua began his term of Leadership with a challenge from God to take courage. In the early Jerusalem church the apostles yet carried out the functions that would be taken up by the overseers/elders, and accordingly the need for deacons became the first obvious vacancy in church community Leadership
Shiloh - This is taken to refer to Judah’s laying down the Leadership he had exercised, when, the conquest finished, Israel assembled at Shiloh
May Laws - Most of the clergy and laity remained loyal to the bishops, and the Center Party under the Leadership of Ludwig Windthorst, each year increased its membership in the Imperial Parliament
Laws, May - Most of the clergy and laity remained loyal to the bishops, and the Center Party under the Leadership of Ludwig Windthorst, each year increased its membership in the Imperial Parliament
Chicago, Illinois - The Illinois Catholic Historical Society was founded, 1918, under the Leadership of Father Frederic Siedenburg, S
Joppa - As it had been in Solomon's day, Joppa became the port that received cedar logs from Lebanon, now for the rebuilding of the Temple under the Leadership of Zerubbabel
James - In time, James assumed the Leadership of the Jerusalem church, originally held by Peter
Shepherd - The emphasis is not only on care and Leadership, but also on the ability to endure hardship
Capernaum - The religious Leadership challenged the direction of Jesus' ministry (Mark 2:24 , Mark 7:5 ) and the popular following attempted to take over and force Him into a political position (John 6:15 )
Ashtaroth - The Israelites worshiped her, and the biblical writers specifically refer to Solomon's Leadership in promoting the worship of Ashtaroth (1 Kings 11:5 )
James the Brother of Jesus - ...
From unbelief to church Leadership...
During Jesus’ earthly life his brothers did not believe that he was the Messiah
John the Apostle - ...
In the early church...
After Jesus’ return to his Father, Peter and John provided the main Leadership for the Jerusalem Christians
Judges, Theology of - A better way to describe it would be as a "downward spiral": it is not that each cycle is more or less a repeat of the earlier ones, but rather that there is a deterioration in the quality of the judges and the effect of their Leadership. But in spite of her accomplishments and those of Jael, her judgeship raises questions about the failure of male Leadership in Israel. ...
Leadership like that of these judges would not secure the land for Israel. Conditions promoting religious and political chaos called for a different kind of Leadership if Israel were to secure the land
Offices in the New Testament - Positions of Leadership in the New Testament church including deacons , elders , pastors , apostles , bishops , and evangelists . The clear implication is that, whatever the other qualifications for Leadership may be, diakonia is the prerequisite
Phoebe - It is closely related to the terms προϊστάμενος and προεστώς, applied to Leadership in the Church in 1 Thessalonians 5:12, Romans 12:8, 1 Timothy 5:17. With that of Prisca and others, it witnesses to the very important part played by women in the organization of the Church before informal ministries had given place to definite offices, and when rule and Leadership were based only upon willingness to ‘serve’ (cf
Israel, History of - Moving from Goshen in Egypt through God's Leadership in the miracle at the sea to the Sinai peninsula under Moses' Leadership, the Hebrews at Sinai ratified a covenant with the God Yahweh (Amos 3:1-290 ), and thus Israel as a landless people came into being. Under the Leadership of Joshua, they crossed the Jordan River and entered the “Promised Land” at Jericho. ...
Following Josiah's death, the nation no longer had the Leadership to sustain an effective reformation. Many did return under the Leadership of Zerubbabel, a descendant of King Jehoiachin
Jordan River - Under the Leadership of Joshua, Israel crossed the Jordan “on dry ground” (Joshua 3:15-17 )
Sadducees - ) Under the Leadership of a priestly family known as the Maccabees (or Hasmoneans) the Jews rebelled against Antiochus, and after three years of fighting regained religious freedom (165 BC)
Nehemiah - Without his strong Leadership the people weakened and old enemies gained influence in the city
Ministry, Minister - ); ministry of Leadership/administration (helpers, administrators, etc. ...
Local Leadership
Rod - When it budded in the tabernacle, and the others did not, He was showing Israel that He rejected the claims of Korah, Dothan and Abiram, and all others who assumed the place of Leadership
Adam - It is, however, important to observe that Adam was called first as the one whose position of Leadership made him responsible for the act (3:9)
Spiritual Gifts - ...
In his writings Paul referred to about twenty different gifts, including such things as preaching, teaching, and Leadership
Baptism - They were set free from the damnation of Pharaoh into the Leadership of Moses
Baptists - 1606,when a congregation of separatists established themselves in Holland under the Leadership of John Smyth
Joannes Philoponus, Distinguished Philosopher - ...
During his lifetime the Tritheites appear to have been united under his Leadership (Tim
Exile - Many were probably not overjoyed to see Jews return from Babylon claiming land and Leadership. Correspondence continued between those in Judah and those in Exile (Jeremiah 29:1 ), and Jewish elders gave Leadership to the exiles (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 )
Assyria - 727 the Babylonians threw off the rule of the Assyrians, under the Leadership of the powerful Chaldean prince Merodach-baladan ( 2 Kings 20:12 ), who, after twelve years, was subdued by Sargon, who now reunited the kingdom, and ruled over a vast empire
Gibeon - " The kings of southern Canaan entered into a confederacy against Gibeon (because it had entered into a league with Joshua) under the Leadership of Adoni-zedec, king of Jerusalem, and marched upon Gibeon with the view of taking possession of it
Mari - Mari's literary sources contribute to a richly-textured reconstruction of Mesopotamian history during the early patriarchal period, just as they often provide linguistic elucidation of certain biblical concepts (compass points, tribal terms and Leadership, flora and fauna, military terms)
Theophany - God also appeared to Moses, with Aaron and his sons and the seventy elders (Exodus 24:9-11 ) and in the transfer of Leadership to Joshua (Deuteronomy 31:15 )
Jephthah - Jephthah, after continuing his Leadership for six years, dies, and is buried in Gilead, but the precise locality is not indicated
Pass Over - 25:9); “to sovereignly transfer” a kingdom or cause it to pass over to another’s Leadership ( Deuteronomy - He brought the ceremony, and his Leadership of Israel, to a fitting close by announcing prophetic blessings on each of Israel’s twelve tribes (32:48-33:29)
Angels - ...
Good and bad angels...
At some time before the creation of humans, some of the angels, under the Leadership of one who became known as Satan, rebelled against God and so fell from their original sinless state (2 Peter 2:4; Judges 1:6)
Joshua the Son of Nun - ...
Assistant to Moses...
Joshua’s Leadership qualities became evident soon after the Israelites left Egypt
Joshua, Book of - To impress upon people the religious significance of the invasion, the narrative emphasizes such matters as the ritual cleansing of the people, the Leadership of the priests, the prominence of the ark of the covenant, the miraculous crossing of the Jordan, and the obedience to the covenant commands by those who were till then uncircumcised
Hasmonean - Although Judas and Jonathan played important Leadership roles, the Hasmonean dynasty clearly emerged under Simon, who was widely recognized as secular and religious leader of homeland Judaism
Generation - Often the aged patriarch presided over the active Leadership of his sons as seen particularly in the cases of Isaac and Jacob
Aaron - Aaron's Leadership was vindicated by God in the miraculous blossoming of his staff (Numbers 17:1 )
Apostles - At Pentecost people asked the apostles' Leadership in how to respond to Peter's sermon (Acts 2:37 ). They had the spiritual gift of functioning as an apostle in giving Leadership to the church and training others for ministry
Divorce - Satan tempted Eve to rebel against male Leadership (Genesis 3:1-6,17 ; contra. Men tended to become dominant and harsh in their Leadership (cf
Genesis - They deceive and connive, but they leave themselves open to God's Leadership and become instruments of His plan. God's Leadership is evident even in the history of neighboring nations (Genesis 36:1-43 )
Twelve - ...
Joseph means Leadership. Upon this was engraved the name of Joseph for Leadership is certainly varied in its character and diversified in its expressions
Kulturkampf - Under the able Leadership of Ludwig Windthorst, the Catholic Center Party, strengthened by the accession of Protestants who were above bigotry and persecution, increased its membership both in the Prussian Diet and in the Imperial Parliament
Deacon, Deaconess - Because teaching and Leadership are not mentioned, the servant role of this office is made clear
Turn - , as from Moses under Joshua's Leadership
Gifts of the Spirit - This is particularly so in the case of the teaching and Leadership gifts (Ephesians 4:11; see APOSTLE; PROPHET; EVANGELIST; PASTOR; TEACHER)
Prince (2) - Moreover, there is no suggestion here of that idea of ‘leadership’ which is in keeping with both of the passages in Hebrews, and seems best to bring out their full meaning
Head - ...
2 Kings 2:3 (c) The type is used in this place to describe the Leadership of Elijah over Elisha. It seems from this figure that the antichrist will emerge from the Roman power under the Leadership of ten mighty men, and that by these the world will be brought into complete subjection with the exception of GOD's people who refuse to thus bow
Greece - Peloponnesian city-states feared the power of Athens, however, and united under the Leadership of Sparta to war against Athens
Samuel - ...
A national leader...
There was an early indication of Samuel’s Leadership role after the capture and subsequent return of the ark by the Philistines
Ephraim - Ephraim was the strongest of the tribes and foremost in Leadership, but was compelled to yield the hegemony to David
Captain - In both cases the term ‘Captain’ may be unsuitable, since it is apt to suggest military images which had no place in the writer’s mind; but ‘leader,’ at all events, should be retained, since the idea of Leadership and not of authorship seems best to express his purpose (see Bruce, Expositor, 3rd ser
Four - ...
Proverbs 30:24 (c) These four things represent GOD's sovereignty in Leadership
Sanhedrin - ), whose triumph over the Sadducean Sanhedrin in the reign of queen Alexandra Salome and under the Leadership, of Simon b. 16), but under the Leadership of Joḥanan b. -It is nevertheless unwarranted to dismiss as fictitious, as Schürer, Wellhausen, and Kuenen do, the whole tradition concerning the Leadership of the so-called Nesîîm and the duumvirate. 43-81) could have been brought about only under a Pharisean Leadership of greater authority on the Law than was the high priest, who as a rule lacked both learning and piety
Tribes of Israel, the - Reuben, the firstborn son of Jacob by his wife Leah, was in line to assume a Leadership role in the family, but he forfeited that right because of an illicit affair he had with his father's concubine Bilhah (Genesis 35:22 ). That Ephraim played a major Leadership role among the tribes is reflected in the tribal history. Ephraim demanded Leadership in the period of the judges (Judges 3:27 ; Judges 4:5 ; Judges 7:24 ; Judges 8:1 ; Judges 10:1 ; Judges 12:1-6 ; Judges 17:1 ; Judges 18:2 ,Judges 18:2,18:13 ; Judges 19:1 )
Exodus, Book of - ...
After celebrating the deliverance in song and dance (Exodus 15:1-21 ), Israel followed God's Leadership into the wilderness, but soon the difficult wilderness life proved too hard. God's people must have effective teaching and administrative Leadership (Exodus 18:13-27 )
Haggai - Faithful Leadership and God's presence can motivate God's people to carry out His priorities (Haggai 1:12-15 )
Zidon - ), Zidon once more assuming the Leadership
Bible, Egypt in the - There, in the "land of Gessen," located by some near the mouth of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, by others half-way up that same channel, by others still south of Memphis, in the Fayum district, they increased and multiplied; and from there, after a long period of persecution which is supposed to have taken place following the overthrow of the Hyksos by native princes, they left at God's bidding, under the Leadership of Moses, for the Promised Land
Catholic Emancipation - Contention among the Catholics themselves also delayed action, and the achievement of emancipation was due to the pressure exerted on the government by the Catholic party in Ireland under the Leadership of Daniel O'Connell
Eve - It cannot be used to support the idea that no woman may ever teach or exercise Leadership in the church (see Acts 18:26 ; Romans 16:1,7 )
Sidon (2) - At length her limited territory, her merely commercial aim, her being sapped by colonization and dissension, her final surrender of Leadership to Tyre, combined with her conquests by the world-powers, left her under the Romans in the days of Christ a merely provincial capital, richer in the vices of ancient paganism than in its virtues
Gideon - The narrative of Gideon’s Leadership is brought to a close by a reference to his offspring, and special mention of his son Abimelech; after his death, we are told, the Israelites ‘went a whoring after the Baalim
Emancipation, Catholic - Contention among the Catholics themselves also delayed action, and the achievement of emancipation was due to the pressure exerted on the government by the Catholic party in Ireland under the Leadership of Daniel O'Connell
Egypt in the Bible - There, in the "land of Gessen," located by some near the mouth of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, by others half-way up that same channel, by others still south of Memphis, in the Fayum district, they increased and multiplied; and from there, after a long period of persecution which is supposed to have taken place following the overthrow of the Hyksos by native princes, they left at God's bidding, under the Leadership of Moses, for the Promised Land
Dualism - In post-exilic Judaism, however, there was a twofold tendency so to assert the transcendence of God that angels must be recognized as mediating between Him and the world, and to preserve His moral perfection by assigning the evil in the world to the agency of evil spirits under the Leadership of Satan , the adversary
Roman Catholic Relief Bill - Contention among the Catholics themselves also delayed action, and the achievement of emancipation was due to the pressure exerted on the government by the Catholic party in Ireland under the Leadership of Daniel O'Connell
Apostle - They provided the Leadership for the early church in Jerusalem (Acts 2:42; Acts 5:1-113; Revelation 21:12; Acts 6:1-4), and were general overseers of the expansion of Christianity into the regions throughout Palestine and beyond (Acts 8:14-17; Acts 10:46-48)
Elisha - Jehu’s job was to remove Jezebel’s Baalism from Israel’s Leadership by destroying Ahab, Jezebel and all their Baal-worshipping family (2 Kings 9:1-10; cf
Sabellianism, or Patripassianism - It permeated very largely the district of Pentapolis in Libya, under the Leadership of two bishops of that district, Ammon and EUPHRANOR
Timothy, First And Second, Theology of - Important themes are those of the Leadership of men an the submission of women, and all that those roles may entail. It is important for the theologian to stress that this does not mean that men are superior to women, only that, for the purposes of getting the divine mission of the church (and the family) completed, God has assigned the Leadership role to men, as a general rule. Gerig...
See also Church, the ; Deacon, Deaconess ; Elder ; Laying on of Hands ; Leadership ; Overseer ; Paul the Apostle ; Titus, Theology of ...
Bibliography
Fellowship - When Paul wished to express the essential oneness of the apostolic Leadership of the church he said concerning James, the Lord's brother, Peter, and John, that they “gave to me the right hands of fellowship” ( Galatians 2:9 )
Judges, Book of - With no formal or centralized administration, Israel relied largely on specially gifted men or women whom God raised up to provide Leadership
Romans, Theology of - Briefly, the church at Rome, which originally had strong Jewish Christian Leadership (its founders may have been Roman Jewish pilgrims to Jerusalem at Pentecost who carried the gospel back to Rome), defaulted to Gentile Leadership at the expulsion of Jews from Rome by edict of Emperor Claudius in the 40s. Following his death Jewish Christians returned with the result that there was bad feeling between the two groups in the church, the Gentiles with their larger numbers and Leadership assuming superiority, the returning Jews claiming their own priority because they had been there first and had a more noble heritage
Elect, Election - In order for Israel and later the church to function as God's people, specific functions of Leadership needed to be exercised and God's choices needed to be honored. The two areas where official Leadership was exercised in the Old Testament were in the civil and the religious spheres
Teach, Teacher - ...
The New Testament teaches that those who aspire to Leadership in the community have to be competent teachers (1 Timothy 3:2 ; 2 Timothy 1:13 ; 2:1,15 ; Titus 1:9 )
Paul - Through his evangelistic activity, church Leadership, theological insights and extensive writings, Paul had an immeasurable influence on the development of Christianity
Feet - ...
1 Kings 2:5 (a) This is a reference to the evil way of Joab in killing those whom he thought might hinder his Leadership, and replace him as the general of the army
Joshua - ...
The view is widely held that Joshua has no historical reality as a person, that his name is merely the name of a clan in Ephraim, and that his Leadership in Israel represents, and puts back into the period of the conquest the commanding position which Ephraim had come to hold in the Israelite confederation. ...
It seems more probable that Joshua led the nation in their first assault on Palestine, that under his Leadership the entry by Jericho was won, and a wedge thrust into the land by the capture of Bethel and Ai
Zechariah, Theology of - He assumed Leadership during a severe economic crisis. Rather, God was planning to provide spiritual Leadership and governance through the priestly line
John the Baptist - John allowed his disciples to leave his own Leadership and follow after Jesus (John 1:35-39 )
Servant of the Lord - God's servants were those who worshiped him and carried out his will, often in important Leadership roles
Head - In Ezra 9:2, ri'shôn is used both of precedence in time and of Leadership: “… The holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass
King - ...
During the period of the Old Testament, Israel’s national life functioned under various kinds of government – the absolute Leadership of Moses (Numbers 12:6-8), a federation of self-governing tribes (Joshua 24:1), a united monarchy (1 Samuel 11:15), a divided monarchy (1 Kings 12:17-20; 1 Kings 15:1) and a governorship controlled by a foreign overlord (Nehemiah 5:14)
Exodus - In the midst of the Passover feast, before the dawn of the 15th day of the month Abib (our April nearly), which was to be to them henceforth the beginning of the year, as it was the commencement of a new epoch in their history, every family, with all that appertained to it, was ready for the march, which instantly began under the Leadership of the heads of tribes with their various sub-divisions
Peter - Jesus immediately saw the man’s Leadership qualities and gave him a new name, Peter (or Cephas), meaning ‘a rock’ (John 1:42)
Mission - God has provided for the Leadership of local churches through giving certain people the necessary abilities to be elders
Pharisees - Later Pharisees appear as part of the Leadership of the people during the revolt, some individuals playing a leading role in it
Armour, Arms - Like the spear of the modern Bedouin sheikh, it figures as a symbol of Leadership in the case of Saul ( 1 Samuel 22:6 ; 1 Samuel 26:7 ; cf
Dead Sea Scrolls - ...
Although the origins of the sect are obscure, they seem to have centered around differences that the sect had with the temple Leadership. ...
The community was governed by stringent entrance procedures, a detailed code of conduct, and a strict organizational hierarchy under the Leadership of the priests
Hosea - ...
Hosea's prophetic ministry included the period of Near Eastern history when Assyria emerged as a new world empire under the capable Leadership of Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 B
James, the Letter - ...
Occasion The letter was evidently the product of concerns on the part of early pastoral Leadership about the ethical standards of early Christians
John, the Letters of - Others conclude that Diotrephes had rejected the authority of the church's leaders, ambitiously asserting his own Leadership
Predestination - When people hear the gospel message and believe that message (Romans 9:13 ,Romans 9:13,9:15 ), they live on earth under the Leadership of Jesus Christ as Head of the body
Messiah - In the early days of Israel’s existence, when it was little more than a large family, God signified that the Leadership of the future Israelite nation would belong to the tribe of Judah
Bible, Hermeneutics - One who would be a good interpreter must be devoted to diligent, careful study of the Scriptures (2 Timothy 2:15 ), prayerfully seeking the Leadership of the Holy Spirit continually while interpreting the Scriptures (John 16:12-15 ; 2 Peter 1:19-21 )
Columbanus, Abbat of Luxeuil And Bobbio - Colonies of pious monks journeyed forth under the Leadership of able abbats, carrying the light of Christianity through the dangerous wilds of continental heathendom
Jerusalem - The Jews, however, took possession of it, having risen under the Leadership of one Bar-Chohaba (i
Teaching - ) the function of teaching became absorbed in the office of administration and Leadership. But, as the need for organization and discipline increased pari passu with the decline of inspired utterance, teaching, at first overshadowed by prophecy, now became absorbed by Leadership, although it remained a permanent function in the Church
Government - ...
With the passing of strong Leadership at the death of Joshua and the increasing influence of pagan Canaanite customs on Israelite life, the covenant fell into disrepute and the elders lost control of their communities. The population of Judea was organized in terms of temple worship under the Leadership of a high priest and his priestly subordinates
Psalms, Book of - Psalms of confidence express trust in God's care for and Leadership of His people
Pride (2) - The question of Leadership among them was met by Christ taking a little child and placing it ‘beside himself’ (παρʼ ἑαυτῷ), and saying that the reception of a little child meant the reception of Himself and of His Father who sent Him (Luke 9:46 ff
Holy Spirit - It may have resulted in victorious Leadership (Joel 2:28-297; Judges 6:34; Zechariah 4:6), superhuman strength (Judges 14:6; Judges 14:19; Judges 15:14; Judges 16:20) or artistic ability and knowhow (Exodus 31:3-5)
Individualism - All this might seem to refer rather to the Church than the State; but if He distrusted the Leadership of the former, He would not be likely any more to trust the Leadership of the latter, if it took over the guidance of life
Joshua - JOSHUA, THE SON OF NUN, MOSES' SERVANT...
WHERE were Gershom and Eliezer all this time? Were they both dead? Or, if living, had theyno heart for their father's God till it had been better for them and for their father that they had never been born? Can it be possible that even Moses had come so far short as this, in the supreme duty and fast-passing opportunity of bringing up his own sons? Had her husband been so cumbered with the exodus, and with the law, and with all the cares and labours of the Leadership in Israel, that he had no leisure so much as to eat his meals beside Zipporah and her two sons? Had Moses been far too long in accepting a staff of elders to assist him in ruling and judging Israel? And were Gershom and Eliezer grown up and gone clean out of hand before their father had wakened up to that and was aware of it? But, when all is said, it is far less the father than the mother in this matter. The cross would, no doubt, have been somewhat less sharp had Gershom or Eliezer stood ready to take up the laid-down Leadership, and it may well have been the last pang of that painful time to Moses that he had no son of his own to take his place, to finish his work, and to transmit his name
Disciple, Discipleship - While God placed men and women in Leadership roles (e
Government - Although several tribes might join together to fight a common enemy under the Leadership of a judge, judgeship carried no sense of the permanence, hereditary character, or royal court of the monarchy
Idol, Idolatry - Leadership was harshly condemned for leading the people astray
Patriarchs, the - When Lot was taken prisoner by a number of local rulers, Abram mustered a rescue party and was recognized for his Leadership (Genesis 14:14-19 ) by the kings of Sodom and Salem
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - He had led and preserved them through the wilderness period, and then renewed the covenant on the plains of Moab, at the point of transition between the Leadership of Moses and that of Joshua, just prior to Israel's entrance into the land of Canaan. He had demonstrated his faithfulness to this promise as recently as the victory over the Philistines under the Leadership of Samuel as reported in 1 Samuel 7
Jesus Christ - First, Jesus chose twelve of his followers to become a nucleus of Leadership (Mark 3:13-19 ). In three areas they were dissatisfied with what he was doing: he was violating the Sabbath rules (Matthew 12:1-8 ; Mark 3:1-6 ); his miraculous healings were attributed to demonic activity, rather than to divine intervention (Mark 3:22-30 ); and he set aside traditional rules regarding hand washing, and, adding insult to injury, accused the Leadership of being hypocritical (Mark 7:1-13 )
Arius, Followers of - The able leader of the dissentients, however, Eusebius of Nicomedia, was now dead, and the Leadership had fallen into the hands of Ursacius and Valens, who were mere opportunists. The Homoeans, under the Leadership of Acacius of Caesarea in Cappadocia, condemned the expressions ὁμοούσιον and ὁμοιούσιον , but anathematized the expression ἀνόμοιον
Nehemiah, Theology of - His style of Leadership differed from Ezra's, who pulled his own hair out over this situation (Ezra 9:3 )
Hospitality - Leadership does not of necessity descend from father to son
Angel - The first consists of unimprisoned, evil beings working under Satan's Leadership, and generally regarded as demons (Luke 4:35 ; 11:15 ; John 10:21 )
Kings, 1 And 2 - Especially noteworthy is their success in the conquest of the land under the Leadership of Joshua
Mark, the Gospel of - In essence, when Jesus “answered” the fig tree, he pronounced a curse on the Jewish religious Leadership and demonstrated His divine displeasure by cleansing the Temple
King, Kingship - Robert Vannoy...
See also Israel ; Leadership ...
Bibliography F
Chronicles, Books of - Readers today can use these books under the Leadership of God's Spirit to call their nation back to God and to encourage wholehearted devotion to God and His house as the only way to build an enduring and blessed nation, family, and/or individual life
Chronicles, Theology of - Their positive or negative spiritual Leadership influenced the response of the people of Israel (2 Chronicles 14:4 ; 15:9-15 ; 19:4 ; 20:4,20-21 ; 21:11 ; 28:19 ; 32:6-8 ; 33:9,16 ; 34:33 )
Discipline - As in the case of the witness-warning sequence, a flexible adaptation of contemporary Jewish practice fit the dynamic spirit of the movement and the occasional aberrations of its local Leadership
Jesus, Life And Ministry of - He also began to intimate, sometimes in analogy or parable (Mark 10:38 ; Matthew 15:24 ; John 3:14 ; John 12:24 ,John 12:24,12:32 ) and sometimes in explicit language (Mark 8:31 ; Mark 9:31 ; Mark 10:33-34 ), that He would be arrested and tried by the religious Leadership in Jerusalem, die on the cross, and rise from the dead after three days
Chronology - 580 years in all: besides the unknown intervals between Joshua's Leadership of seven years and his death; and again between his death and the first servitude; also the unknown period, above 20 years, between Eli's death and Saul's accession
Marriage - In between are many Christians who advocate a mutual submission in love as the ideal (Ephesians 5:21 ), but also believe the husband has special Leadership responsibilities
Kings, First And Second, Theology of - The dynastic succession was a crucial issue for the nation, since most apparently still held to the tradition of the popularly acclaimed charismatic Leadership of an individual chosen by a prophet in God's name
James - No official superiority was given, for no trace of it occurs in New Testament; it was the tacitly recognized Leadership which some took above the others
Woman - Frequently subjected to the rule of her male counterpart, often adored for her beauty and purity, and occasionally praised for her Leadership in times of crisis, woman emerges from the pages of the Bible with as much complexity as man
Occupations And Professions in the Bible - Many of the terms designating those in places of Leadership are ambiguous and may refer to one and the same rank
Jews, Judaism - Others opposed the alliance between political power and religious authority, advocating instead lay Leadership
Exodus, Theology of - ...
While Moses and Joshua remain on the mountain to receive the tablets of Words, the people act in rebellion by making a golden calf for worship and Leadership (32:1)
Bible, Theology of - Salvation issues in a new style of living under the Leadership of God, with the Christian living for the purposes of God in this world
Humanity of Christ - Of course, He must be human, says such a one, since this is the only path to Leadership
Miriam - All Israel under their Leadership have escaped out of the land of Egypt, and are standing on the shore of the Red Sea singing the praises of the Lord like the sound of many waters
Philippians, Epistle to - The motive of this increased activity was sometimes an unworthy emulation of the Apostle, and there must have been those in the Church who refused to acknowledge his Leadership, being aroused by the success with which ‘his bonds became manifest throughout all the Prætorium and to all the rest’ ( Philippians 1:12-18 )
Priscillianus And Priscillianism, Priscillian - The important and lamentable result of the synod was the assumption by Ithacius of the Leadership of the persecuting party
Mission - In Jesus alone were the claims of God fully and constantly heeded: therefore the Leadership of men is His prerogative (Matthew 23:10)
Gospel - As a result of these crises, individuals responded to the Leadership of God's Spirit to write down the teachings, stories, and message of Jesus into what we call the Gospels
Maccabees - 161 143) undertook the Leadership of the revolt, only to suffer serious defeat east of the Jordan, where he had gone to avenge the killing of his brother John by the ‘sons of Jambri
Canaan, History And Religion of - Without Leadership Israel worshipped Baal-berith (“Baal of the covenant”) mixing Baalism with the covenant of Yahweh (Judges 8:33 )
Jerusalem - The city's walls were rebuilt under Nehemiah's Leadership (ca
Jeremiah, Theology of - ...
Integrity, part of the justice agenda, is the forefront issue in the indictment against another Leadership group, the prophets
Fellowship (2) - This unity was not expressed by any rigid cohesive organization, not even primarily by the Leadership of the Apostles
Christ, Christology - The “Son of man” in Daniel 7:22 , Daniel 7:27 is the head of a worldwide kingdom, far outstripping the narrow confines of Jewish hopes; and (3) to find a missionary impulse which led these believers, notably under the Leadership of Stephen and his followers, to reach out to non-Jews ( Acts 7:59-8:1 ; Acts 11:19-21 ; Acts 13:1-3 )
Ezekiel, Theology of - Leadership is subservient to God
Restoration - ...
The word ‘restoration’ (ἀποκατάστασις, Authorized Version ‘restitution’) is found only once in the Gospels, and in its verbal form, in Matthew 17:11, in connexion with a hope current in our Lord’s time of a moral renovation of the nation under the Leadership of Elijah (cf
Sanhedrin (2) - The Hasmonaean family led them in armed revolt, and under the skilful Leadership of Judas Maccabaeus and his brothers they not only regained religious liberty, but achieved the political independence of the Jewish State, of which the Hasmonaeans and their loyal followers became the rulers
Saviour (2) - In Hebrews, however, the rendering ‘captain,’ which brings out the idea of military Leadership, and the general rendering ‘author,’ are inadequate; the word plainly has the connotation of ‘model,’ ‘example,’ ‘forerunner,’ the leader first experiencing in Himself and receiving in Himself that to which he leads others
David - In the meantime David, hearing what is going on in Jerusalem, withdraws across the Jordan, and halts at Mahanaim; here he gathers his forces together under the Leadership of Joab
John the Apostle - This note of personal Leadership is confirmed by the incidental reference of Paul in Galatians 2:9 , where James (not the son of Zebedee), Cephas, and John are ‘reputed to be pillars’ in the Church at Jerusalem
Heaven - His present state is the witness and the guarantee of the future state of those who follow His Leadership
Sin (2) - Christ assumes the current Hebrew conception of a world of spiritual personalities under the Leadership of Beelzebub (Luke 11:14-26)
Corinthians, First And Second, Theology of - Finally, the gifts of helps (1 Corinthians 12:28 ) and administration (1 Corinthians 12:28 ) provided the needed support and Leadership of the people of God in the last days, respectively
Education in Bible Times - In certain cases women assumed prominent positions of Leadership, like the prophet-judge Deborah (Judges 4:4-5 ) and the prophetess-sage Huldah (2 Kings 22:14-15 )
Religious Experience - ‘Jesus’), though believing that Jesus never claimed to be the Messiah, at the same time acknowledges that ‘his most striking characteristic was his claim that spiritual peace and salvation were to be found in the mere acceptance of his Leadership
Moses - His Egyptian rearing and life occupy 40 years, his exile in the Arabian desert 40, and his Leadership of Israel from Egypt to Moab 40 (Acts 7:23; Acts 7:30; Acts 7:36)
Biblical Theology - The Israelites in Moses' wake at first uphold God's honor, crossing the Jordan under divine Leadership as administered by Joshua
Galatia - Under the Leadership of Leonorios and Lutarios a body of 20,000 invaders-half of them fighting men, the rest women and children-crossed into Asia at the invitation of Nicomedes, king of Bithynia, who desired their help in his struggle with his brother (Livy, xxxviii
Heaven - His present state is the witness and the guarantee of the future state of those who follow His Leadership
Apocalypse - 215 that the Western Church, under the Leadership of Hippolytus, accepted it
Peter - Paul’s controversy with the legalists really meant any conscious effort on his part to oppose or to supplant Peter, whose unique position in the early community and whose Leadership in the work of evangelizing the Jews are clearly attested and highly esteemed by St
Arius the Heresiarch - Some few of the bishops, we learn, apparently under the Leadership of Eusebius of Nicomedia, presented a document so frankly Arian that it was at once torn to pieces by those present, and Arius was excommunicated by all but Theonas and Secundus
Pharisees (2) - When, however, the Maccabaean princes fought further for civil liberty, the Pharisaic party withdrew and formed a theocratic group, democratic in a measure, which soon gained the Leadership of the majority of the nation
Tatianus - The Egyptians were noted for the accuracy of their chronicles, and Ptolemy, the priest of Mendes, spoke of the departure of the Jews from Egypt as having taken place under the Leadership of Moses under king Amosis
Egypt - The prolonged effort to cast out the Hyksos had welded together a nation in arms under the Leadership of the Theban kings, leaving no trace of the old feudalism; the hatred of the oppressor pursued the ‘pest’ far into Syria in successive campaigns, until Thetmosi I
Odes of Solomon - After the invasion of Palestine, Syria, and neighbouring countries by the Hellenic troops, under the Leadership of Alexander, the Greek language acquired a firm footing in these countries, and from the time of the Seleucids onwards it began to supersede, in great centres, the Canaanitish and Aramaic dialects which were doomed to disappear