What does Judah mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
יְהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 139
יְהוּדָ֑ה a place in Judah named for the Baalim 110
יְהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 94
יְהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 74
יְהוּדָה֙ the son of Jacob by Leah. 66
יְהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 60
יְהוּדָ֛ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 25
יְהוּדָ֜ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 23
؟ יְהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 13
יְהוּדָ֤ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 11
בִּֽיהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 9
יְהוּדָ֣ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 9
ἰούδα the fourth son of the patriarch Jacob. / the tribe that were the offspring of Judah. / the region occupied by the tribe. / a city of the tribe of Judah 8
יְהוּדָ֥ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 6
לִֽיהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 6
בִּֽיהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 6
וִיהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 6
וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 6
יְהוּדָה֩ the son of Jacob by Leah. 6
יְ֠הוּדָה the son of Jacob by Leah. 5
לִֽיהוּדָה֙ the son of Jacob by Leah. 5
בִּיהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 4
יְהוּדָה֮ the son of Jacob by Leah. 4
יְהוּדָ֕ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 4
וִֽיהוּדָה֙ the son of Jacob by Leah. 4
יְהוּדָה֒ the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
לִיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
בִּיהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
בִּֽיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
יְהוּדָ֧ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
בִּֽיהוּדָ֣ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
יְהוּדָ֞ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
וִֽיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
וִֽיהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
לִיהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
לִֽיהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
בִֽיהוּדָה֙ the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
וִֽיהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 3
؟ יְהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
לִֽיהוּדָ֤ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
וִיהוּדָ֥ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
בִּֽיהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
וִיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
לִֽיהוּדָה֒ the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
בִֽיהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
מִֽיהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
וּבִ֣יהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
בִיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
לִֽיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
לִיהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
יְ֝הוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
וִיהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
וִֽיהוּדָ֕ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
לִֽיהוּדָ֕ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
בִּיהוּדָ֥ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
בִּיהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
מִיהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
מִֽיהוּדָה֙ the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
؟ יְהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
יְה֔וּד Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah. 2
יְהוּדָ֡ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
יְהוּדָ֨ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
؟ יְהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 2
בִֽיהוּדָ֣ה ׀ the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
: יְהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וְלִיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
יְ֭הוּדָה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וּבִֽיהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וּמִיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
מִֽיהוּדָ֑ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
בִּֽיהוּדָֽה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וִיהוּדָ֧ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
מִֽיהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
יְהוּדָ֔ה‪‬ the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
בִּיהוּדָ֣ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
: יְהוּדָ֗ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
בִּֽיהוּדָה֙ the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וּמִ֣יהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
לִֽיהוּדָה֮ the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
בִּֽיהוּדָ֛ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וִיהוּדָ֞ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
؟ מִֽיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
ἰούδας the fourth son of Jacob. / an unknown ancestor of Christ. / a man surnamed the Galilean 1
בָּאָֽרֶץ land 1
؟ יְהֽוּד Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah. 1
יְה֗וּד Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah. 1
בִיה֖וּד Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah. 1
לִיה֤וּד Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah. 1
יְה֖וּד Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah. 1
וִיהוּדָ֛ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
מִיהוּדָ֛ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וִיהוּדָ֜ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וִֽיהוּדָ֜ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
בִּיהוּדָ֖ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
לִֽיהוּדָ֜ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
ἰούδαν the fourth son of Jacob. / an unknown ancestor of Christ. / a man surnamed the Galilean 1
וִֽיהוּדָ֛ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
יְהוּדָ֟ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
מִֽיהוּדָ֣ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וּבִֽיהוּדָ֔ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
וּבִיהוּדָ֡ה the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
יְהוּדָה֙‪‬ the son of Jacob by Leah. 1
מֶֽלֶךְ־ king. 1

Definitions Related to Judah

H3063


   1 the son of Jacob by Leah.
   2 the tribe descended from Judah the son of Jacob.
   3 the territory occupied by the tribe of Judah.
   4 the kingdom comprised of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin which occupied the southern part of Canaan after the nation split upon the death of Solomon.
   5 a Levite in Ezra’s time.
   6 an overseer of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah.
   7 a Levite musician in the time of Nehemiah.
   8 a priest in the time of Nehemiah.
   Additional Information: Judah = “praised”.
   

H4428


   1 king.
   

H3061


   1 Judah—the territory of the tribe of Judah.
   

G2448


   1 the fourth son of the patriarch Jacob.
   2 the tribe that were the offspring of Judah.
   3 the region occupied by the tribe.
   4 a city of the tribe of Judah, conjectured to be Hebron, which was a city assigned to the priests and located in the hill country, and the native place of John the Baptist according to Jewish tradition.
   Additional Information: Judah = “he shall be praised”.
   

G2455


   1 the fourth son of Jacob.
   2 an unknown ancestor of Christ.
   3 a man surnamed the Galilean, who at the time of the census of Quirinus, excited the revolt in Galilee, Acts 5:37.
   4 a certain Jew of Damascus, Acts 9:11.
   5 a prophet surnamed Barsabas, of the church at Jerusalem, Acts 15:22,27,32.
   6 the apostle, Jn 14:22, who was surnamed Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus, and according to opinion wrote the Epistle of Jude.
   7 the half-brother of Jesus, Mt. 13:55.
   8 Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus.
   Additional Information: Judah or Judas = “he shall be praised”.
   

H776


   1 land, earth.
      1a earth.
         1a1 whole earth (as opposed to a part).
         1a2 earth (as opposed to heaven).
         1a3 earth (inhabitants).
      1b land.
         1b1 country, territory.
         1b2 district, region.
         1b3 tribal territory.
         1b4 piece of ground.
         1b5 land of Canaan, Israel.
         1b6 inhabitants of land.
         1b7 Sheol, land without return, (under) world.
         1b8 city (-state).
      1c ground, surface of the earth.
         1c1 ground.
         1c2 soil.
      1d (in phrases).
         1d1 people of the land.
         1d2 space or distance of country (in measurements of distance).
         1d3 level or plain country.
         1d4 land of the living.
         1d5 end(s) of the earth.
      1e (almost wholly late in usage). 1e1 lands, countries.
            1e1a often in contrast to Canaan.
            

Frequency of Judah (original languages)

Frequency of Judah (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Judah, Tribe of
Judah and his three surviving sons went down with Jacob into Egypt (Genesis 46:12 ; Exodus 1:2 ). At the time of the Exodus, when we meet with the family of Judah again, they have increased to the number of 74,000 males (Numbers 1:26,27 ). Its number increased in the wilderness (26:22). Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, represented the tribe as one of the spies (13:6; 34:19). This tribe marched at the van on the east of the tabernacle (Numbers 2:3-9 ; 10:14 ), its standard, as is supposed, being a lion's whelp. Under Caleb, during the wars of conquest, they conquered that portion of the country which was afterwards assigned to them as their inheritance. This was the only case in which any tribe had its inheritance thus determined (Joshua 14:6-15 ; 15:13-19 ). The inheritance of the tribe of Judah was at first fully one-third of the whole country west of Jordan, in all about 2,300 square miles (Joshua 15 ). But there was a second distribution, when Simeon received an allotment, about 1,000 square miles, out of the portion of Judah (Joshua 19:9 ). That which remained to Judah was still very large in proportion to the inheritance of the other tribes. The boundaries of the territory are described in Joshua 15:20-63 .
This territory given to Judah was divided into four sections.
The south (Heb. negeb), the undulating pasture-ground between the hills and the desert to the south (Joshua 15:21 .) This extent of pasture-land became famous as the favourite camping-ground of the old patriarchs.
The "valley" (15:33) or lowland (Heb. shephelah), a broad strip lying between the central highlands and the Mediterranean. This tract was the garden as well as the granary of the tribe.
The "hill-country," or the mountains of Judah, an elevated plateau stretching from below Hebron northward to Jerusalem. "The towns and villages were generally perched on the tops of hills or on rocky slopes. The resources of the soil were great. The country was rich in corn, wine, oil, and fruit; and the daring shepherds were able to lead their flocks far out over the neighbouring plains and through the mountains." The number of towns in this district was thirty-eight (Joshua 15:48-60 ).
The "wilderness," the sunken district next the Dead Sea (Joshua 15:61 ), "averaging 10 miles in breadth, a wild, barren, uninhabitable region, fit only to afford scanty pasturage for sheep and goats, and a secure home for leopards, bears, wild goats, and outlaws" (1 Samuel 17:34 ; 22:1 ; Mark 1:13 ). It was divided into the "wilderness of En-gedi" (1 Samuel 24:1 ), the "wilderness of Judah" (Judges 1:16 ; Matthew 3:1 ), between the Hebron mountain range and the Dead Sea, the "wilderness of Maon" (1 Samuel 23:24 ). It contained only six cities. Nine of the cities of Judah were assigned to the priests (Joshua 21:9-19 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Judah
Praise, the fourth son of Jacob by Leah. The name originated in Leah's words of praise to the Lord on account of his birth: "Now will I praise [1] Jehovah, and she called his name Yehudah" (Genesis 29:35 ). It was Judah that interposed in behalf of Joseph, so that his life was spared (Genesis 37:26,27 ). He took a lead in the affairs of the family, and "prevailed above his brethren" (Genesis 43:3-10 ; 44:14,16-34 ; 46:28 ; 1 Chronicles 5:2 ).
Soon after the sale of Joseph to the Ishmaelites, Judah went to reside at Adullam, where he married a woman of Canaan. (See ONAN; TAMAR .) After the death of his wife Shuah, he returned to his father's house, and there exercised much influence over the patriarch, taking a principal part in the events which led to the whole family at length going down into Egypt. We hear nothing more of him till he received his father's blessing (Genesis 49:8-12 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Judah Upon Jordan
The Authorized Version, following the Vulgate, has this rendering in Joshua 19:34 . It has been suggested that, following the Masoretic punctuation, the expression should read thus, "and Judah; the Jordan was toward the sun-rising." The sixty cities (Havoth-jair, Numbers 32:41 ) on the east of Jordan were reckoned as belonging to Judah, because Jair, their founder, was a Manassite only on his mother's side, but on his father's side of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:5,21-23 ).
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Judah
the son of Jacob and Leah, who was born in Mesopotamia, Genesis 29:35 . It was he who advised his brethren to sell Joseph to the Ishmaelite merchants, rather than stain their hands with his blood, Genesis 37:26 . There is little said of his life, and the little that is recorded does not raise him high in our estimation. In the last prophetic blessing pronounced on him by his father Jacob, Genesis 49:8-9 , there is a promise of the regal power; and that it should not depart from his family before the coming of the Messiah. The whole southern part of Palestine fell to Judah's lot; but the tribes of Simeon and Dan possessed many cities which at first were given to Judah. This tribe was so numerous, that at the departure out of Egypt it contained seventy-four thousand six hundred men capable of bearing arms, Numbers 1:26-27 . The crown passed from the tribe of Benjamin, of which Saul and his sons were, to that of Judah, which was David's tribe, and the tribe of the kings, his successors, until the Babylonish captivity.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Judah, Kingdom of
When the disruption took place at Shechem, at first only the tribe of Judah followed the house of David. But very soon after the tribe of Benjamin joined the tribe of Judah, and Jerusalem became the capital of the new kingdom (Joshua 18:28 ), which was called the kingdom of Judah. It was very small in extent, being only about the size of the Scottish county of Perth. For the first sixty years the kings of Judah aimed at re-establishing their authority over the kingdom of the other ten tribes, so that there was a state of perpetual war between them. For the next eighty years there was no open war between them. For the most part they were in friendly alliance, co-operating against their common enemies, especially against Damascus. For about another century and a half Judah had a somewhat checkered existence after the termination of the kingdom of Israel till its final overthrow in the destruction of the temple (B.C. 588) by Nebuzar-adan, who was captain of Nebuchadnezzar's body-guard (2 Kings 25:8-21 ).
The kingdom maintained a separate existence for three hundred and eighty-nine years. It occupied an area of 3,435 square miles. (See ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF .)
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Rivers of Judah
(Joel 3:18 ), the watercourses of Judea.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gibeah of Judah
(Joshua 15:57 ), a city in the mountains of Judah, the modern Jeba, on a hill in the Wady Musurr, about 7 1/2 miles west-south-west of Bethlehem.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Judah
(jyoo' duh) Personal, tribal, and territorial name meaning, “Praise Yahweh,” but may have originally been related to the mountain of Jehud. 1. In Genesis 29:35 , the fourth son of Jacob and the progenitor of the tribe of Judah. His mother was Leah. Though Judah is prominent in the Genesis narratives, he seldom occupies center stage. Genesis 38:1 is an exception. It relates the seduction of Judah by his daughter-in-law Tamar. Their union resulted in the birth of Pharez and Zarah. Genesis 49:8-12 preserves the blessing of Judah by Jacob. Through Judah ran the genealogical line that led to Jesus. 2. The tribe of Judah occupied the strategically important territory just to the west of the Dead Sea. The city of Jerusalem was on the border between Judah and Benjamin. David was from the tribe of Judah. 3. When the kingdom was divided following the death of Solomon, the southern kingdom took the name Judah. See Judas ; Geography; Tribes of Israel; Patriarchs; Israel .
4. The province set up by the Persian government to rule a conquered Judean kingdom (Nehemiah 5:14 ; Haggai 1:1 ). Judah formed one small province alongside Samaria, Galilee, and Idumea. All these reported to the Satrap of the Persian satrapy of Abarnaharah which encompassed the land west of the Euphrates River with its center in Damascus (Ezra 5:3 ,Ezra 5:3,5:6 ; Ezra 6:6 ,Ezra 6:6,6:13 ). The satrap reported to a higher official over Babylon and Abarnaharah with headquarters in Babylon. When Judah's exiles returned from Babylon, Zerubbabel was governor of Judah; Tattenai, satrap of Abarnaharah or Beyond the River; and Ushtannu, satrap of Babylon and Abarnaharah.
5. Priest whose sons helped Zerubbabel and Joshua begin work on restoring the Temple after 537 B.C. (Ezra 3:9 ; compare Nehemiah 12:8 ). 6 . Levite whom Ezra condemned for having foreign wife who might tempt Israel to worship other gods (Ezra 10:23 ). 7 . Member of tribe of Benjamin who lived in Jerusalem after the return from Exile and was second in command over the city (Nehemiah 11:9 ). He may be the official who joined Nehemiah in leading the celebration of the completion of the Jerusalem wall (Nehemiah 12:34 ). 8 . Priestly musician who helped in Nehemiah's celebration (Nehemiah 12:36 ). 9 . An obscure geographical reference in the description of the tribal borders of Naphtali (Joshua 19:34 ). The earliest Greek translators could not understand the reference and so did not translate it. (Compare TEV, NIV). Naphtali's territory does not touch that of the tribe of Judah. Some try to define Judah here as the sixty towns of Jair east of the Jordan (Joshua 13:30 ). Others translate Judah as “low-lying land” (REB). Some scholars try to make another place name such as Jehuda out of the reference. It may be that a copyist confused Jordan and Judah, which resemble one another in appearance in Hebrew writing, and miscopied Jordan as Judah and then copied Jordan. No sure solution exists to explain Judah in this text. 10. City of Judah (2 Chronicles 25:28 ) is Jerusalem.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Baale of Judah
Lords of Judah, a city in the tribe of Judah from which David brought the ark into Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:2 ). Elsewhere (1 Chronicles 13:6 ) called Kirjath-jearim. (See BAALAH .)
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Manasseh, King of Judah
Of all Judah’s kings, Manasseh was by far the worst. No sooner had he established his power than he began a program of demolishing all the reforms that his father Hezekiah had introduced. With fanatical anti-God zeal, he reintroduced foreign religious practices of every kind (2 Kings 21:1-9). Fifty-five years of his rule corrupted Judah to the extent that its destruction was inevitable (2 Kings 21:10-16).
Towards the end of Manasseh’s reign, Assyria attacked Judah and took Manasseh captive. Fearful of God’s punishment, he repented of his wrong and decided to reform. But his limited reforms could not undo the damage he had done over the previous half-century, and they produced no lasting results (2 Chronicles 33:10-20). He died in 642 BC (2 Kings 21:17-18). Even the sweeping reforms of Josiah a few years later were not able to rid Judah of Manasseh’s evil (2 Kings 23:24-27).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Judah
JUDAH (‘he is to be praised’; the popular etymologies seem to regard the name as an unabbreviated Hoph. impf. of jâdâh , ‘to praise’). Judah is represented as the fourth son of Leah by Jacob ( Genesis 29:35 [1] ] Genesis 35:23 (P [2] ]). Though he was of late birth, the Judæan document (J [3] ) nevertheless gives him precedence over Reuben, the firstborn, who is favoured by the later Ephraimite document E [4] . According to J [3] , it was Judah who proposed to sell Joseph in order to avert the danger which threatened him at the hands of his brethren ( Genesis 37:26 ff.). Similarly, when they return to Joseph’s house with the silver cup, J [3] gives the pre-eminence to Judah, and makes him spokesman for all in his pathetic appeal to Joseph ( Genesis 44:14-34 ). Reuben, because of his lust towards Bilhah ( Genesis 49:4 ; cf. Genesis 35:22 ), and Simeon and Levi, because of their barbarous conduct towards the Shechemites, fall before their enemies and into disfavour with their brethren, and Judah succeeds to the primogenitureship.
A tradition is preserved in Genesis 38:1-30 which is generally supposed to be of great value as bearing upon the early development of the tribe. Judah is there said to have withdrawn himself from his brethren and to have gone down to a certain Adullamite whose name was Hirah. There he met with Bath-shua, a Canaanitess, whom he took to wife. She bore him three sons, Er, Onan, and Shelah. Er and Onan were slain by Jahweh for their wickedness. Er’s widow, Tamar, a Canaanitess also, it seems, posing by the wayside as a hierodule, enticed Judah to intercourse with her, and of her the twin sons Perez and Zerah were born to Judah. This story is usually held to be based upon facts of tribal history, though cast in the form of personal narrative, and also to prove clearly that Judah, like other tribal names, is but the eponymous head of the tribe. It points to the settlement of Judah in the region of Adullam and its union with foreign stock. Hirah is a Canaanite clan; Er and Onan stand for two other clans which became united to Judah, but early disappeared; the other three continued to exist as constituents of Judah. Besides these it would appear that in the time of David the Calebite and Jerahmeelite tribes, mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:1-55 as descendants of Perez, were incorporated into the tribe. In Judges 3:1-313 ; 1 Samuel 30:14 they still appear to be independent, though the Chronicler makes both Caleb and Jerahmeel descendants of Judah through Perez and Hezron, to whom also he traces David. In Numbers 13:1-33 (P [2] ) Caleb, who is sent by Moses as one of the spies, belongs to Judah; but in Numbers 32:12 , Joshua 14:6 ; Joshua 14:14 (R [8] ), 1618100555_72 etc., he is a Kenizzite, the son of Kenaz. From the last passage we see that Othniel, whose chief centre was Kiriathsepher (Debir), was another closely related tribe, and both appear from Genesis 36:16 ; Genesis 36:42 (P [2] ) to have been Edomites. Kenites, commonly supposed to be of Midianite origin, we are told in Judges 1:16 , also went up from Jericho with Judah into the Wilderness.
Of all these foreign elements by which the tribe of Judah was increased, the Calebite was the most important. In fact the Chronicler makes the Judahite stock consist largely of the descendants of Hezron. It was the Calebite capital, Hebron, that under David (himself said to be Hezronite) became the capital of Judah. After this time the history of the tribe becomes the history of the Southern Kingdom.
P [2] ’s Sinai census (Numbers 1:27 ) gives 74,600, and that of the Wilderness 76,500 ( Numbers 26:22 ).
The territory of the tribe is described in Joshua 15:1 ff. (P [2] ); but this is late and an ideal apportionment. In the Song of Deborah Judah is not even mentioned, because ‘it was not yet made up by the fusion of Israelite, Canaanite, Edomite, and Arabic elements,’ as Stade ( GVI [4]1 113) puts it. The Blessing of Jacob ( Genesis 49:8 ff.) and that of Moses ( Deuteronomy 33:7 ) reflect conditions during the monarchy. How the tribe entered W. Canaan and obtained its early seat around Bethlehem it is impossible to say. See also Tribes of Israel.
James A. Craig.
JUDAH. 1. See preced. article. 2. Ezra 3:9 (cf. Nehemiah 12:8 ) = 1Es 5:58 Joda. 3. A Levite, Ezra 10:23 = 1E Esther 9:23 Judges 1:4 . An overseer, Nehemiah 11:9 . Nehemiah 11:5 . A priest’s son, Nehemiah 12:36 . Nehemiah 12:6 . Luke 1:39 ; see Jutah . 7. See next article.
JUDAH ‘upon (AV [13] ) or at (RV [14] ) Jordan’ ( Joshua 19:34 ) is a very doubtful site. It is the general opinion that the text of this passage must be corrupt, and that the name of some place near Jordan, perhaps Chinneroth, may have been lost.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Judah (2)
JUDAH.—The eponymous ancestor of the tribe to which our Lord belonged (Matthew 1:2 f., Luke 3:33, Hebrews 7:14; cf. art. Genealogies).
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Judah
See Tribes.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Judah
Judah (jû'dah), praise. 1. The fourth son of Jacob and Leah, was born in Mesopotamia. Genesis 29:35. The name was given as an expression of the mother's gratitude. We know more of him than of the other patriarchs except Joseph, whose life he saved, advising the sale. Genesis 37:26-28. His marriage, an incident in his son's life, and his intrigue with Tamar are recorded in Genesis 38:1-30. Judah became the surety for the safety of Benjamin on the second journey to Egypt. Genesis 43:3-10. His conduct is worthy of all praise, and his plea for Benjamin's liberty is one of the most touching speeches in the Bible. Genesis 44:14-34. He went down into Egypt with three sons. Genesis 46:12. The tribe of Judah was always large and prominent, vying with Ephraim for the supremacy. The prophetic blessing which his father pronounced on Judah, Genesis 49:8-12, is very remarkable. It describes the warlike character and gradually increasing strength of the tribe, comp. Numbers 2:3; Joshua 14:11; Joshua 15:1; Judges 1:1-2; 1 Chronicles 14:17; Psalms 18:40; Isaiah 29:1 (where its capital is called Ariel, "lion of God"); Revelation 5:5; the duration of its power—viz., until the coming of Christ, when Judæa became a province of Rome, comp. Luke 2:1-7; John 18:31; Acts 5:37; and the destruction of their city, a.d. 70, when the Christian dispensation had become established, compare Matthew 24:14; Acts 2:8; Romans 10:18, in the glory and triumph of the Messiah.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Judah Territory of
Judah, Territory of. Extent.— The district assigned to the tribe of Judah in the Promised Land, with its cities, is described in Joshua 15:1-63. It extended across the whole of Western Palestine, from the Dead Sea on the east to the Mediterranean on the west. The average extent of this district was 50 miles from east to west and 45 miles from north to south, and its area about half that of the State of Connecticut. A portion of this territory was subsequently cut off for Simeon, which thus became the frontier tribe on the south. Joshua 19:1-9. A portion of the northwestern part was also given to Dan. Comp. vs. 40-48.
The territory of Judah comprised four regions quite distinct in physical features: 1. The south country, or Negeb, where the fertile land shaded off into the wilderness. 2. The valley, plain, or Shefelah, lying between the Mediterranean and the central hill-country. Joshua 15:33-47. This was an exceedingly fertile country, occupied by the Philistines, who constantly disputed possession. 3. The hill-country, occupying the central range of mountains. Joshua 15:48-60. This region was favorable for the olive and vine. 4. The wilderness, sloping from the central hills to the Dead Sea, at which it terminates in precipitous cliffs. Joshua 15:61-62. This barren tract has evidently been uncultivated and uninhabited from the remotest times, for here alone, of all Palestine, are found no traces of the ruins of former cities. An exception must be made of the fringe of the Dead Sea, where were six cities. Joshua 15:21-62.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Judah the Kingdom of
Judah, the Kingdom of. The kingdom of Judah embraced not only the territory of the tribe of Judah (see below), but also included the larger part of Benjamin on the northeast, Dan on the northwest, and Simeon on the south. The area thus under the dominion of Judah is estimated at 3435 square miles. Besides this, Edom, subdued by David, continued faithful to Judah for a time, and the Red Sea ports furnished an outlet for commerce.
The family of David furnished all the 19 kings of Judah, but the eldest son did not always succeed. Judah outlasted Israel 135 years. After the division of the kingdom, b.c. 975, Judah maintained its separate existence for 389 years, until b.c. 686. During this period there were 19 rulers, all of the lineage of David, except Athaliah. During the first three reigns Israel and Judah were in an attitude of hostility. Israel under Jeroboam was signally defeated. 2 Chronicles 13:1-22. Later, an alliance was formed by the marriage of Jehoshaphat's son with Ahab's daughter, Athaliah, 1 Kings 22:1-53; 2 Chronicles 18:1-34, who usurped the crown. The two kingdoms combined against Syria. The two great foes of Judah were Egypt on the south and Assyria on the east. From Egypt came Shishak, who humbled Judah, 2 Chronicles 12:2-12; Zerah, whose million of men were routed by king Asa, 2 Chronicles 14:9-12; and Josiah was slain at Megiddo. 2 Chronicles 35:23. The children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir also invaded Judah during Jehoshaphat's reign, but they only destroyed one another. 2 Chronicles 20:22-25. The armies of Assyria met with varied fortune. Tiglath-pileser distressed Judah during the reign of Ahaz, 2 Chronicles 28:20; Sennacherib's host of 185,000 men was destroyed by the angel of the Lord in Hezekiah's reign, 2 Chronicles 32:21; 2 Kings 19:35; Manasseh was carried away captive into Babylon, 2 Chronicles 33:11 : Jehoiachin was also made captive; Zedekiah rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar, and was defeated, his sons slain before his eyes, and he made captive; Jerusalem was taken in b.c. 586, and the history of the kingdom of Judah was ended.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baale of Judah
Another form of BAALAH, 2 Samuel 6:2 , and the same as KIRJATH-JEARIM.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hezekiah, King of Judah
Son and successor of Ahaz. Hezekiah "did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, according to all that David his father did." He trusted in the Lord God of Israel, so that there was none like him before or after. He reigned from B.C. 727 to 698.
Hezekiah began his reign by opening the doors of the house of the Lord, which was cleansed and repaired by the priests and Levites. Then he called the rulers, and sacrifices were offered as sin offerings for the kingdom and the sanctuary, and for Judah; songs were sung, and the king and all present bowed themselves and worshipped. He proposed to all Israel and Judah to come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem to keep the Passover, and invitations were sent to all the tribes to turn to the Lord and to come and keep it. Though his messengers were in general mocked, there was a remnant that responded to the king's invitation. Such was the joy that after the seven days of unleavened bread they kept other seven days with gladness.
What naturally followed this worship was the removal of all signs of idolatry. Because the people had burnt incense to the brazen serpent, he brake it in pieces calling it 'a piece of brass.' He clave to the Lord, and the Lord was with him, and prospered him whithersoever he went.
The unfaithfulness of Ahaz had given the Assyrians a footing in Immanuel's land, against which Hezekiah rebelled, but afterwards submitted to pay tribute. Sennacherib required complete submission, and the Assyrians came with a great host against Jerusalem. Their general not only reviled Hezekiah, but spoke against God, comparing Him with the gods of the nations which the Assyrians had conquered. Hezekiah rent his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the Lord. God wrought deliverance. There was a rumour of opposition elsewhere, and the general departed. Of the Assyrians 185,000 were slain in one night: Sennacherib returned to Nineveh and was subsequently killedby two of his own sons.
We next read of Hezekiah's sickness, when Isaiah was sent to tell him to set his house in order, for he should die. Hezekiah wept sore and prayed for his life, and it was prolonged fifteen years. Though he had witnessed a great deliverance of the Lord, his faith was weak and he asked for a sign. God made the shadow go back ten degrees on the dial of Ahaz. But Hezekiah rendered not to the Lord according to the benefit done to him, for his heart was lifted up, therefore there was wrath upon him and upon Judah and Jerusalem. Yet, on Hezekiah humbling himself with the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the wrath came not in his days.
Hezekiah had great riches; and when Berodach-baladan, king of Babylon, sent ambassadors to him with a present, for they heard that he had been sick, and to inquire of the wonder that had been done in the land (doubtless the shadow going back ten degrees), Hezekiah showed them all his riches; and then he had to hear the sorrowful tidings that all he had shown them should be carried into Babylon, and his sons should be made eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon. Hezekiah piously resigned himself to the will of Jehovah. We read that God had "left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart." It was pride; but God was gracious, and Hezekiah seemed to have the consciousness that God would give him peace and truth in his days. 2 Kings 18 - 2 Kings 20 ; 2 Chronicles 29 - 2 Chronicles 32 ; Isaiah 36 — Isaiah 39 ; Jeremiah 26:18,19 ; Hosea 1:1 ; Micah 1:1 .
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Judah
The praise of the Lord; confession
Chabad Knowledge Base - Judah
(a) (1565-1466 BCE) Fourth son of Jacob and Leah, fourth of the Twelve Tribes. The leader of the Tribes, he encouraged his brothers to sell Joseph rather than leave him to die, and later stood up to Joseph when Benjamin’s safety was at stake. Progenitor of King David, all the kings of the House of David, and the Moshiach. (b) A common Jewish name.
Chabad Knowledge Base - Judah the prince, rabbi
(Circa 135-219 CE) Known as Rabbenu Hakadosh ("our holy master") or simply as "Rabbi." One of the last Mishnaic sages, he recorded, edited, and organized statements of earlier sages, forming the Mishnah, setting the Oral Law in writing for the first time. He was phenomenally wealthy and was a close friend of the Roman Emperor Antoninus.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Judah
The fourth son of Jacob, by Leah. The name more properly is Jehudah. And Leah his mother made this remarkable observation on his birth, she said: "Now I praise the Lord:" therefore, that is, on that account, she called his name Jehudah, that is, (as the margin of the Bible renders it) praise. (Genesis 29:35) And this name is a plain compound (as Mr. Parkhurst observes) of Jah, the Lord; and hudah, to convess. Now then, if we turn to the prophetical expressions of the dying partiarach Jacob, (Genesis 49:8) concerning Judah, we shall arrive at the full sense of both passages, Leah's, and her husband's. "Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise." This reading doth not convey to us the expression as strongly though the sense is the same, as by reading it thus: Thou, Judah, thy brethren shall (confessor,) or praise, (as Jehudah;) "thy father's children shall bow down to thee:" that is, they shall acknowledge thee to be the Jeehudah, and as such shall bow down to thee.
And this forms a beautiful correspondence to what the apostle, in the gospel-church, in after ages, was commissioned, by the same Holy Spirit that moved the patriarch, (2 Peter 1:1-21; 2Pe 3:18) to tell the people of the Lord Jesus, who sprang out of Judah after the flesh, and was, and is the Jehudah of his people- "who being (saith the apostle) in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross: wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess, that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father." (Philippians 2:6-11)
While I am speaking, of Judah, under this one view of him in this memorable prophecy, it may not be amiss to consider him also in another. The same prophetic spirit that was in Jacob, leading him to the acknowledgment of Judah under one character typical of the Messiah, prompted him to speak of him under another. "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come." (Genesis 49:10) The Jews themselves, however unintentionally and unconsciously, confirmed the certainty that this Scripture referred to the Lord Jesus Christ under a double evidence. For when in the hall of Pilate Jesus stood before the Governor, and the Governor asked him, saying, "Art thou the king of the Jews?" Jesus acknowledged it, and said unto him, Thou sayest. (Matthew 17:11) But soon after, when to the cry of the Jews for Christ's crucifixion, Pilate said, "Shall I crucify your king?" the chief priests answered, "We have no king but Cæsar." Here was a confirmation to the one part of Jacob's dying prophecy, that the Shiloh should not come until the sceptre was departed from Judah-the chief priests confessed that that sceptre was departed, for they acknowledged that they had then no king but Cæsar; and, therefore, the Shiloh was come. The other testimony, and from their own lips, also became equally strong. Jacob said, that a lawgiver should not depart from between his feet until Shiloh came; and this law they proved did remain, for they contended with Pilate to enforce that law, for supposed blasphemy in the person of Christ. Take ye him, and crucify him said Pilate, for I find no fault in him. They then made this memorable answer: "We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God." Thus confirming the other prediction of the patriarch, that the lawgiver was not gone from between the feet of Judah until the Shiloh was come, to whom the whole referred. Two such striking evidences, and from the Jews themselves, on this important subject, never surely could have been expected; and now obtained, could only have been brought to pass by the overruling power and ordination of the Lord.
The reader will, I hope, indulge me with one observation more concerning Judah, in respect to this memorable prophecy of his father Jacob; because I humbly conceive it is important, and every thing connected with our Lord Jesus cannot fail of being interesting to his people. It is well known that the word Shebeth, which is translated, (Genesis 49:10) sceptre, and signifies a powerful kingly office, is the same word which, (Judges 5:14) is translated pen. Out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulon they that handle the Shebeth of the Scribes. Now it is evident, from the use of the Shebeth upon both occasions, (Genesis 49:10 and Judges 5:14) the one speaking of the office of a king, and the other of the scribe, that without violence to the expressions in either case, and in reference to the glorious person typified, his ruling the sceptre, or writing with his pen, conveys the idea of equal offices. The governors of Machir, and the pen of the writer of Zebulon, are put in parallel rank of equal dignity and importance. Hence, therefore, why may not the Shebeth of our Almighty Jehudah be supposed to convey an idea of his taking down the names of his people, whose names we know are "written in the Lamb's book of life?" (Revelation 21:27) Who but him wrote those names in the book of life? Is not Jesus described, and by himself under the spirit of prophecy, as having "a tongue as the pen of a ready writer?" (Psalms 45:1) And if a tongue to speak, why not the hand to write of the things touching himself? Moreover, if none but Jesus was found worthy "to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof," which was seen by John in the hand of him that sat on the throne, who but him could be worthy to write the records in it? (Revelation 5:1-10)
I beg the reader to observe, that I desire to deliver these sentiments, on a subject so necessarily sublime and mysterious, with the most profound awe and reverence. I would be always understood on these deep things as rather inquiring than deciding, rather desiring to be taught than to teach; but I cannot but think, that such views of the Lord Jesus are very sweet and interesting, and tend, under the Holy Ghost's guidings, to endear Christ to the heart, when we behold him thus typically represented in so many engaging services for his people. And surely, as it is said of Christ in one blessed Scripture, that the names of his people are all "written in the book of life," (Revelation 20:15) and in another he bids his people to "rejoice that their names are written there," (Luke 10:20) as when considering himself the shepherd of his flock, and his people the sheep of his fold, he saith that "he calleth them all by name, and leadeth them out," (John 10:3) and as the whole flocks of the mountains and of the vale, and of the cities of Benjamin, Jerusalem, and Judah, shall all pass again under the hands of him that telleth them, (Jeremiah 33:13) surely it is not stretching the Scripture to say, that the Shebeth of Jehudah is as eminently descriptive of the greatness of his character, when speaking of this use of it, in writing, as in ruling, for sovereignty is implied in both, And the poor feeble hand that is now writing these lines, (earnestly begging forgiveness if he errs in the matter) cannot conclude this article without first saying, (and will not the reader for himself also join the petition?) Oh, that the almighty Jehudah may have graciously exercised the Shebeth of his power, and written my poor name, worthless as it is, among the millions he hath marked down in the book of life! Amen.
Judah (2)
The land of Judah. When this is named in Scripture, as distinguished from Israel, it is meant thereby to denote that the kingdoms were divided. The kingdom of the ten tribes, or Samaria, was distinct from Judah. It formed a divided character concerning Judah, that this kingdom retained a reverence for the true religion, and the priesthood, and the law, at a time when the ten tribes were following idolatry. It were needless to remark after what was said before concerning Judah, that the name means, the praise of the Lord.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Table of Kings And Prophets in Israel And Judah
(the dates apply to the kings.)
IN THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Prophets.
b.c.
Kings.
Time of Reign.
Samuel.
1095
Saul,
Reigned 40 years.
Gad.
1055
David,
Reigned 40 years.
Nathan.
1015
Solomon,
Reigned 40 years.
IN THE DIVIDED KINGDOM.
JUDAH.
ISRAEL.
Began b.c.
Kings.
Reigned Years
Prophets.
Began b.c.
Kings.
Reigned Years
Prophets.
975
Rehoboam,
Shemaiah.
975
Jeroboam,
Ahijah.
958
Abijah,
Iddo.
955
Asa,
Oded.
Azariah.
954
Nadab,
Hanani.
953
Baasha,
930
Elah,
929
Zimri,
7 dys.
929
Omri,
918
Ahab,
Elijah.
914
Jehoshaphat,
Jehu.
Micaiah.
898
Ahaziah,
Elisha.
Jahaziel.
896
Joram,
892
Jehoram,
Eliezer.
885
Ahaziah,
884
Athaliah,
884
Jehu,
878
Jehoash,
Zechariah, son of Jehoiada.
856
Jehoahaz,
Jonah. [1]
841
Joash,
839
Amaziah,
825
Jeroboam II.,
Hosea.
810
Uzziah,
Zechariah,
Amos.
2 Chronicles 26:5.
784
Interregnum,
773
Zachariah,
6 mo.
772
Shallum,
1 mo.
772
Menahem,
761
Pekahiah,
759
Pekah,
758
Jotham,
Isaiah.
742
Ahaz,
Micah.
739
Anarchy,
Oded.
730
Hoshea,
726
Hezekiah,
Nahum.
721
The kingdom of Israel overthrown by the Assyrians and Samaria . destroyed.
698
Manasseh,
Joel.
643
Amon,
641
Josiah,
Jeremiah.
610
Jehoahaz,
3 mos.
Habakkuk
610
Jehoiakim,
Zephaniah.
599
Jehoiachin,
100 days.
Ezekiel.
——
Daniel.
599
Zedekiah,
Obadiah. [1]
Persian Kings, after the Captivity.
588
Jerusalem destroyed.
536 First year of Cyrus.
Judah
The captivities of Judah are generally reckoned four: the first, in the year of the world 3398, under King Jehoiakim, when Daniel and others were carried to Babylon; the second, in the year of the world 3401, and in the seventh year of the reign of Jehoiakim, when Nebuchadnezzar carried three thousand and twenty-three Jews to Babylon; the third, in the year of the world 3406, and in the fourth of Jehoiachin, when this prince, with part of people, was sent to Babylon; and the fourth in the year 3416, under Zedekiah, from which period begins the captivity of seventy years, foretold by the Prophet Jeremiah. Dr. Hales computes that the first of these captivities, which he thinks formed the commencement, of the Babylonish captivity, took place in the year before Christ 605. The Jews were removed to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar, who, designing to render that city the capital of the east, transplanted thither very great numbers of people, subdued by him in different countries. In Babylon the Jews had judges and elders, who governed them, and who decided matters in dispute juridically, according to their laws. Of this we see a proof in the story of Susanna, who was condemned by elders of her own nation. Cyrus, in the year of the world 3457, and in the first year of his reign at Babylon, permitted the Jews to return to their own country, Ezra 1:1 . However, they did not obtain leave to rebuild the temple; and the completion of those prophecies which foretold the termination of their captivity after seventy years, was not till the year of the world 3486. In that year, Darius Hystaspes, by an edict, allowed them to rebuild the temple. In the year of the world 3537, Artaxerxes Longimanus sent Nehemiah to Jerusalem. The Jews assert that only the refuse of their nation returned from the captivity, and that the principal of them continued in and near Babylon, where they had been settled, and where they became very numerous. It may, however, be doubted whether the refuse of Judah was really carried to Babylon. It appears from incidental observations in Scripture that some remained; and Major Rennell has offered several reasons for believing that only certain classes of the Jews were deported to Babylon, as well as into Assyria. Nebuchadnezzar carried away only the principal inhabitants, the warriors, and artisans of every kind; and he left the husbandmen, the labourers, and in general, the poorer classes, that constitute the great body of the people.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Judah, Kingdom of
The tribe Judah comprised the whole territory S. of a line drawn from Joppa to N. of the Dead Sea; the largest extent among the tribes, due to their valor in driving out the aborigines from their mountain strongholds. Their hilly region braced their energies for conflict with their neighbouring adversaries; so they retained their vigour, at the same time that their large pastures and wide territory, and commerce with Egypt and by the Red Sea and Joppa with other lands, gave them abundant wealth. Their independence of the northern tribes, and the jealousy of Ephraim, early prepared the way for the severance of the northern and southern kingdoms under Rehoboam. (See ISRAEL.) Judah included southern Benjamin and Jerusalem the joint city of both, Simeon, and many cities of Daniel In Abijah's and Asa's reign Judah gained parts of Ephraim (2 Chronicles 13:19; 2 Chronicles 15:8; 2 Chronicles 17:2); and after Israel's deportation to Assyria the king of Judah exercised a quasi authority in the N. (2 Chronicles 30:1-18, , Josiah). Edom was for some time subject.
Israel interposed between Judah and Syria and Assyria; and Egypt in its military marches toward Assyria took the coast line of Philistia, not through Judah. The fighting men of Judah under David were 500,000 (2 Samuel 24:9); under Rehoboam only 180,000 (1 Kings 12:21); under Abijah 400,000 (2 Chronicles 13:3); under Asa 580,000 (2 Chronicles 14:8); under Jehoshaphat 1,160,000 (2 Chronicles 17:14-19); under Uzziah 307,500 (2 Chronicles 26:13). Judah's armies progressively augmented, Israel's decreased; under Ahab against Syria Israel's forces were "like two little flocks of kids"; under Jehoahaz "50 horsemen" (1 Kings 20:27; 2 Kings 13:7). But the grand conservative element of Judah was its divinely appointed temple, priesthood, written law, and recognition of the one true God Jehovah as its true theocratic king. Hence many left northern Israel for Judah where the law was observed.
This adherence to the law (compare Acts 23:5) produced a succession of kings containing many wise and good monarchs, and a people in the main reverencing the word of God as their rule, at least in theory. Hence, Judah survived her more populous northern sister by 135 years, and lasted 975-586 B.C. The diminution of numbers intensified the theocratic element by eliminating all that was pagan and attracting all the godly in northern Israel. The apparent loss proved a real gain, and would have proved permanently so but for Judah's unfaithfulness. God's great purpose did not fall in spite of Israel's and Judah's unfaithfulness, namely, to preserve in the world a standing monument of the unity, supremacy, and providence of Jehovah; this effect was perpetually and uniformly produced in all periods and by all events of the Jewish history, and to prepare for and introduce the gospel of Christ (Graves, Pentateuch, ii. 3, section 2). Rehoboam, Abijah, and Asa for 60 years warred with Israel, in the hope of recovering the northern kingdom. (See ABIJAH; ASA.)
Baasha on the other hand fortified Ramah to cheek the migration of religious Israelites to Judah. Asa hired Benhadad I, of Damascus, to counteract him, for which Hanani reproved him.(See BAASHA.) Abijah, or Abijam, though his speech breathes the theocratic spirit (2 Chronicles 13:4), in conduct showed a "heart not perfect with the Lord God," for "he walked in all the sins of his father" (1 Kings 15:3). A new policy began with Jehoshaphat, and lasted for 80 years down to Amaziah, that of alliance with Israel against Syria. (See JEHOSHAPHAT.) It was as opposed to Judah's true interests as open war had been. In spite of his pious efforts for the instruction of his people through the princes, Levites, and priests, in God's law (2 Chronicles 17), and for the administration of justice in the fear of Jehovah (2 Chronicles 19), his affinity with Ahab and Ahaziah nearly cost him his life at Ramoth Gilead (2 Chronicles 18), and again in the wilderness of Edom (2 Kings 3:8-11), and caused the loss of his ships in Ezion Geber (2 Chronicles 20:36-37).
He was reproved by the Lord's prophet Jehu, after his escape at Ramoth Gilead (2 Chronicles 19:2-3); then when he renewed the alliance with Ahab's son Ahaziah, by Eliezer; at last he saw the fatal effects of alliance with the ungodly (1 Corinthians 15:33), and would not let Ahaziah's servants go in his ships (1 Kings 22:48). The alliance bore deadly fruit under his murderous son Jehoram, his grandson Ahaziah, and the bloody queen mother Athaliah, Ahab's daughter and Jehoram's wife (2 Chronicles 21-22).(See JEHORAM; AHAZIAH; ATHALIAH.) Jehoiada deposed her, and restored Joash to the throne, who governed well until Jehoiada's death; then gave ear to the princes, and restored idolatry, slew Zechariah his faithful reprover, and failing to withstand a Syrian invasion was killed by his own servants. (See JEHOIADA; JOASH.) Amaziah, elated with the conquest of Edom and having lost God's favor through apostasy to Edom's idols, challenged Joash of Israel, the conqueror of Syria (2 Chronicles 25; 2 Kings 13:14-25).
Uzziah and Jotham reigned prosperously. But Ahaz, when smitten by the Syrian and Israelite confederacy of Rezin and Pekah (2 Chronicles 28; 2 Kings 16; Isaiah 7-9), which was the punishment from Jehovah of his idolatry, adopted the fatal policy of becoming the vassal of Assyria, which "distressed but strengthened him not."(See AHAZ.) For a century and a half this vassalage lasted, with occasional periods of independence, as under the godly Hezekiah and Josiah. (See HEZEKIAH; JOSIAH.) The repulse of Sennacherib and the religious revival under these two kings averted the evil day. But, after Hezekiah, Manasseh's enormous wickedness so provoked Jehovah that the piety of his grandson Josiah, Amon's son, could procure only a respite.
After the reigns of the worthless Jehoahaz, set aside by Pharaoh Necho who promoted Jehoiakim, and Jehoiachin or Coniah, Zedekiah (promoted by Nebuchadnezzar) through treachery in violation of his oath brought destruction on himself and Jerusalem (588 B.C. or 587, Clinton; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Ezekiel 17:15-18; Jeremiah 52:3). As the influence of the priesthood was at its height under David and Solomon, so the power of the prophets rose between this time and the building of the second temple. In northern Israel they were the only witnesses for God in the face of the state idolatry; in Judah they were spiritual teachers bringing out the gospel hidden in the law, and pointing on to the Messianic kingdom. Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc., prepared Judah for the 70 years' captivity; Ezekiel and Daniel witnessed for God to them, and to the pagan world power in it. That severe discipline purged out their craving for idols.
Ezra and Nehemiah at the return were God's instruments in producing in them a zeal for the law which distinguished them subsequently, and in Christ's time degenerated into formalism and self righteousness. Restoration of the Jews and Israel. Moses foretells it (Deuteronomy 30:1-6). The original grant of the land to Abraham and the blessing of ALL nations in his seed await their exhaustive fulfillment, only partially realized under Solomon (Genesis 15:18; Genesis 22:18). The covenant has six historical stages:
(1) the family;
(2) expanded into a nation
(3) royalty;
(4) the exile and return;
(5) Messiah's advent and the church in troublous times:
(6) His second advent and the church's and Israel's glory.
The "second time" Exodus is also foretold by Isaiah 11:10-16; Isaiah 11:2; Isaiah 27:12; Isaiah 35:10; Isaiah 54:7-11. Also Jerusalem shall be the religious center of the nations, amidst universal peace, the Lord's manifested presence there (Isaiah 60-62; Isaiah 65; Isaiah 66) eclipsing the former ark of the covenant (Jeremiah 3:16-18; Jeremiah 23:6-8; Ezekiel 37-48). Hosea (Hosea 3:4-5) vividly depicts Israel's state for ages, clinging to the law yet without "altar, priest, or sacrifice," which the law ordains, yet not relapsing into idolatry to which they were so prone in his day, "without teraphim" and "without a king"; then finally "seeking the Lord and David their king."
So emphatically "all Israel shall be saved," when "the fullness of the Gentiles shall have come in," i.e. when the elect remnant of Jews and Gentiles now being converted shall have been completed (Romans 11:25-26); so our Lord (Luke 21:24; Revelation 6:10; Revelation 11:2-15). The object of God's election of the Jews was not merely for themselves, as if their perversity frustrated God's purpose; but to be, even in their temporary rejection, a standing monument to the world of the unity, supremacy, and providence of Jehovah ("ye are My witnesses," saith Jehovah: Isaiah 44:8; Isaiah 43:10; Isaiah 43:12), and ultimately to be blessed temporally and spiritually themselves, and to be a blessing to all nations.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Baale-Judah
BAALE-JUDAH = Baalah, No. 1 , i.e. Kiriath-jearim.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Chronicles of Kings of Israel And of Judah
Sources of information to which the writer of 1,2Kings referred readers for more data concerning the various kings about whom he wrote. (See 1 Kings 14:19 .) These are not the biblical books 1,2Chronicles. They probably were official court records compiled for the use of each of the kings. Such records apparently were available to the author of Kings writing after the destruction of Jerusalem, but they are not available today. See Kings, 1,2 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Judah
The fourth son of Jacob and Leah, born in Mesopotamia, B. C. 1755, Genesis 29:35 . His name appears honorably in the history of Joseph, Genesis 37:26,27 44:16-34 ; but disgracefully in that of Tamar his daughter-in-law, Genesis 38:1-30 . The dying benediction of Jacob foretells the superior power and prosperity of the family of Judah, and their continuance as chief of the Jewish race until the time of Christ, Genesis 49:8-12 . Though not the firstborn, Judah soon came to be considered as the chief of Jacob's children, and his tribe was the most powerful and numerous. The southeastern part of Palestine fell to their lot. See JUDEA . On the border of their territory was Jerusalem, the seat of the Jewish worship; and from Judah sprung David and his royal race, from which descended the Savior of the world.
After the return from the captivity, this tribe in some sort united in itself the whole Hebrew nation, who from that time were known only as Judaei, Jews, descendants of Judah. Judah-when named in contradistinction to Israel, Ephraim, the kingdom of the ten tribes, or Samaria-denotes the kingdom of Judah, and of David's descendants. See HEBREWS and KINGS. One of the principal distinctions of this tribe is, that it preserved the true religion, and the public exercise of the priesthood, with the legal ceremonies in the temple at Jerusalem; while the ten tribes gave themselves up to idolatry and the worship of the golden calves.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - ba'Ale of Judah
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Smith's Bible Dictionary - Judah, Kingdom of
Extent. --When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, B.C. 975, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if no all, of the territory of Simeon, ( 1 Samuel 27:6 ; 1 Kings 19:3 ) comp. Joshua 19:1 And of Dan, ( 2 Chronicles 11:10 ) comp. Joshua 19:41,42 Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim. ( 2 Chronicles 13:19 ; 15:8 ; 17:2 ) It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. --The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years, and lasted from B.C. 975 to B.C. 536. History --The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance, ( 2 Chronicles 16:7 ) prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan, B.C. 536. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David. (Population. --We have a gage as to the number of the people at different periods in the number of soldiers. If we estimate the population at four times the fighting men, we will have the following table: King...Date ... Soldiers ... Population David...B.C. 1056-1015 ... 500,000 ... 2,000,000 Rehoboam...975-957 ... 180,000 ... 720,000 Abijah...957-955 ... 400,000 ... 1,600,000 Asa...955-914 ... 500,000 ... 2,000,000 Jehoshaphat...914-889 ... 1,160,000 ... 4,640,000 Amaziah...839-810 ... 300,000 ... 1,200,000 -ED.)
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Judah, the Kingdom of
On the separation of the ten tribes, Judah and Benjamin formed a kingdom under the name of Judah. Benjamin being but a small tribe, the kingdom of Judah is sometimes spoken of as one tribe. Doubtless the territory of Simeon was also attached to Judah — that tribe being as it were lost in the land. It was not named when Moses blessed the tribes. Deuteronomy 33 , cf. Genesis 49:7 . Bethel, out of the portion of Benjamin, fell to the kingdom of Israel.
The temple being at Jerusalem, with the priests and Levites, Judah represented God's people and His government upon the earth; whereas the kingdom of Israel gave itself up at once to idolatry. God, according to His promise, still caused the lamp of David to shine at Jerusalem. Many of the kings served God with purpose of heart, though others embraced idolatry. (For the succession of the kings, see KINGS.) The kingdom of Judah continued from B.C. 975 to 606 when many of the people were carried captive, though Jerusalem was not destroyed till B.C. 588.
Seventy years of captivity had been foretold by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:11,12 ; Jeremiah 29:10 ); these began in B.C. 606 and ended in 536 when under Cyrus the Jews returned to build the house of Jehovah; but it was not finished and dedicated until B.C. 515. Ezra 6:15 . A commission was given to Ezra in B.C. 468 (Ezra 7 ); and one to Nehemiah to rebuild the city in 455. It could not however be called the kingdom of Judah; only a remnant of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin returned. They were first subject to the kingdom of Persia, then to the kingdom of Greece, and after a short time of freedom under JUDAS MACCABEUS and his successors they became subject to Rome.
In B.C. 65 Syria became a Roman province and in the year 40 Herod was appointed by Rome king of Judaea, and he continued on the throne to N.T. times. The children of Israel inhabiting Judaea in those days were the descendants of Judah and Benjamin (except any individuals who may have found their way thither from the ten tribes). They were the people to whom the Messiah was presented, and who refused and crucified Him. They continued their persecution in the times of the apostles, and they will be dealt with separately from the ten tribes: cf. Matthew 24:4-35 ; Matthew 27:25 .
They revolted from Rome, and in A.D. 70 Jerusalem was taken and destroyed, some of its inhabitants were sold as slaves, and thousands were slain. Daniel 9:26 ; Luke 21:12-24 . Their descendants are scattered over the earth; but when God's set time is come they will be brought through the fire of judgement, and a remnant will be saved, restored to their own land, and blessed under their Messiah whom they now reject. Matthew 2:6 ; Hebrews 8:8-12 .
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Judah
1. The fourth son of Jacob and Leah, and the head of the tribe bearing his name, which signifies 'praise.' It was Judah who advised the selling of Joseph rather than taking his life: so his descendants, the Jews, delivered the Lord into the hands of the Gentiles. He sinned in the matter of Tamar his daughter-in-law; was ready enough to have her punished till it was shown that he also was guilty. Thus is traced the terribly corrupt history of the family of whom according to election Christ was to be born. Though not the eldest son he began to take a chief place in the family. He was able to persuade his father to let Benjamin be taken into Egypt, and when appeals were to be made to Joseph it was Judah who made them. When Jacob blessed his sons, the predictions show that in Judah was centred the royal line. The sceptre should not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet until Shiloh came, etc. Genesis 49:8-12 . From Judah sprang David and a long succession of kings. Christ as born of the tribe of Judah, is referred to as "the Lion of the tribe of Juda." Revelation 5:5 . In Luke 3:33 ; Hebrews 7:14 ; Revelation 5:5 ; Revelation 7:5 , the name is given as JUDA: and in Matthew 1:2,3 , it is JUDAS.
The tribe held a prominent position. In the journeyings of the Israelites, Judah took the lead, and at the first and second census their numbers were 74,600 and 76,500. Their allotted portion was large. Its east border embraced the whole of the Dead Sea, and extended to Gath and the land of the Philistines on the west. Its northern boundary was about 31 48' N, and in the south it extended to the Desert of Paran. Jerusalem was near the border between Judah and Benjamin. In Joshua 18:28 it is one of the cities mentioned as falling to Benjamin; but in Joshua 15:63 and Judges 1:8 it is referred to Judah. David and his successors being of this tribe, Jerusalem became their dwelling place.
2. Ancestor of some Levites who helped to rebuild the temple. Ezra 3:9 . Perhaps the same as HODAVIAH No. 3.
3. Levite who had taken a strange wife. Ezra 10:23 .
4. Son of Senuah: he was an overseer in Jerusalem. Nehemiah 11:9 .
5. Levite who returned from exile. Nehemiah 12:8 .
6,7. A prince of Judah, and a priest and musician who assisted at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem. Nehemiah 12:34,36 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Judah
1. The patriarch JUDAH; Jacob's fourth son, by Leah. Judah ("praise"), Leah having praised Jehovah for giving him; Jacob similarly refers to the meaning of Judah, "thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise" (2 Samuel 19:40-436; Genesis 49:8). He saved Joseph from death by the cruel and covetous plan of selling him to the Midianites. Conscience and natural feeling wrought on Judah, "what profit is it (like the antitype Judas, and in the keen bargaining spirit of the Jews ages afterward: John 12:4-5; Matthew 26:15), if we slay our brother and conceal his blood? Come and let us sell him ... and let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother and our flesh." Conscience was stupefied, and cupidity gratified, by this scheme. Judah was the brethren's spokesman in prevailing on Jacob to let Benjamin go to Egypt, and he undertook to be surety for him (Genesis 43:3-10); and when Joseph's cup was found with Benjamin, professed their guilt and liability to bondservice, though actually innocent of stealing it, in order in oriental fashion to move pity.
Then Judah touchingly appealed to the supposed Egyptian prince to detain him as a bondservant instead of his youngest brother, by describing his father's love for Benjamin after having lost Joseph, and the danger of bringing down his grey hairs with sorrow to the grave, so that Joseph could refrain no longer but made himself known (Genesis 44). Judah too is the one who prepares the way before his father in going to meet Joseph and settle in Goshen (Genesis 46:28). Throughout Judah "prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief prince" (1 Chronicles 5:2). Though "the birthright was Joseph's" he was not registered as firstborn, because of Judah's prevalence on the threefold ground, Jacob's blessing, Judah's historic preeminence, and David the prince (1 Chronicles 28:4) being chosen from Judah. The tribe outnumbered all the others under Moses: 74,600 at Sinai (Numbers 1:26-27); :76,500 before entering Canaan (Numbers 26:22); outnumbering Dan at Sinai by 11,900. Again after the division of the land Judah was called by God to be the vanguard of the army warring with the Canaanites (Judges 1:1-2).
Judah in his conduct before Joseph in Egypt manifested true nobility; if he had sold his brother yet he was willing to be sold himself for the youngest brother. So, when Reuben forfeited his birthright by incest, Simeon and Levi by manslaughter, Judah the next oldest received from Jacob the best blessing of the older sons (Genesis 49:8-12). Judah's "hand was in the neck of his enemies" in his victories as leading tribe; "his father's children bowed down before him"' when Judah became the royal tribe, of whom sprang David and David's almighty Son. The "lion," the king of beasts, is Jacob's image for Judah; afterward it was his standard, with the motto "Rise up, Lord, let Thine enemies be scattered" (Targum in Pseudo Jonathan). Judah should hold the tribal "sceptre," and have "lawgivers" (Psalms 60:7) among his posterity ("from between his feet") until Shiloh ("the Prince of peace") should come. So accordingly Augustus' decree (Luke 2:1, etc.) and the Roman procuratorship, superseding native rule, marked the appearance of Christ of the tribe of Judah.
In Him all Judah's regal and legislative powers merged and found their consummation. Judah as to temporal prosperity should "bind his foal unto the vine and his donkey's colt unto the choice vine, washing his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of the grape, his eyes being red with wine and his teeth white with milk." Spiritually the targums of Jerusalem and Pseudo Jonathan refer this also to Messiah. Chrysostom interprets the "vine" the Jewish people, the wild donkey the Gentiles brought into the church's vineyard. Christ is the true vine (John 15:1); He trod the winepress alone, empurpling His garments with His blood (Isaiah 63:1 ff). The wine is the inspiring Spirit in believers as milk is the nourishing spiritual food (Song of Solomon 5:1; Isaiah 55:1; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Peter 2:2). In Moses' dying blessing (Deuteronomy 33:7) he prays: "Hear Lord the voice of Judah (in prayer) and bring him (marching at the head of the tribes back again victorious) unto his people."
Judah stopped with his friend Hirah, an Adullamite, and there married a Canaanitess, Shuah's daughter (Bath-Shua), by whom he had sons, Er, Onan, and Shelah. Er died childless; and oriental or Chaldee custom (afterward permitted and regulated under the Mosaic code: Matthew 22:24; Deuteronomy 25:5) required Onan to marry his widow Tamar. Onan having been slain by Jehovah for unnatural sin, Shelah ought to have been given her; but Judah, from superstitious fear lest he too should die, delayed. Then she waylaid Judah as a veiled harlot (one apparently consecrated by vow to impurity in the worship of Venus Astarte, the Babylonian Mylitta) at the gate of Enaim (margin) and received his signet, bracelets, and staff in pledge for the kid he promised her. She resumed her widow's garments.
When it was known that she was with child, Judah, by his patriarchal authority, would have burned her as having disgraced his family; but she proved by the signet and bracelet that Judah himself was the father of her children, and that she had a claim on him as nearest of kin to marry her when he withheld Shelah (Ruth 3-4; Genesis 38:25-26). Pharez and Zarah were the offspring, Pharezthe ancestor of David and of Messiah Himself (Genesis 46:12)). God can bring purity out of impurity. The three sons born in Canaan accompanied Judah to Egypt on his removal there (Exodus 1:2). Nahshon, Amminadab's son, was chief at the first census (Numbers 1:7; Numbers 2:3; Numbers 7:12; Numbers 10:14), David's ancestor (Ruth 4:20). Caleb represented Judah among the spies, and in the allotment of the land (Numbers 13:6; Numbers 34:19). Judah led the van in the wilderness march on the E. of the tabernacle, with Issachar and Zebulun his kinsmen (Numbers 2:3-9; Numbers 10:14).
The boundaries of Judah are given (Joshua 20:20-63). The territory was thickly studded with towns and villages. Benjamin was on the N. The northern bound ran from the embouchure of Jordan, by the valley of Hinnom under Jerusalem, to Jabneel on the western sea coast; the Dead Sea on E., and the Mediterranean on W. The southern bound ran from the extreme southern end of the Dead Sea to the Mediterranean at wady el Arish. The wilderness of Zin was its extreme southern limit. Its length averaged 45 miles, its width 50. Four main regions made up the territory.
(1) "The south" (Negeb); the southernmost district of Canaan, the pasture lands between the hills and the desert; a portion of this was ceded to Simeon (Joshua 15:20-32; Joshua 19:1-9).
(2) The shephelah , or rolling lower hills, the hilly lowland between the central mountains and the Mediterranean plain (Joshua 15:33). The shephelah was hounded by the Negeb on the S.; on the N. it reached to Lydda, where the plain of Sharon begins, famous for its flowers; the hilly part (Ashedoth) of the shephelah is on the E., the link between mountain and plain, and is more thick with villages than the plain, grainfields alternate with meadows, gardens, and olive groves.
(3) The mountain or "hill country of Judah," the largest of the four (Joshua 15:48-60). Beginning at its highest level below Hebron, 3,000 ft. above the sea level, it reaches E. to the Dead Sea and W. to the shephelah ; an elevated plateau of a tolerably general level; the southern part of the mountain backbone stretching N. until interrupted by Esdraelon plain, and having on it Hebron, Jerusalem, and Shechem; this "mountain of Judah" abounds in rains of former towns; springs are numerous, as at Urtas near Solomon's pools, but no streams. It rises from the Negeb precipitously, between the hilly region on the, western part of the shephelah and the desert of Judah" extending to the Dead Sea (ver. 61): a rugged limestone range, with sides covered with grass, shrubs, and trees; the valleys intersecting it yield plentifully grain, wheat, and millet; orchards, olive yards, and vineyards rise in terraces up the sides.
(4) "The desert of Judah" (midbar ), the sunken district near the Dead Sea; from the northern border of Judah (Joshua 15:6-7) to wady Fikreh on the S. and to Maon, Tekoah, and Bethlehem toward the W.: a soil of chalk, marl, flint, and lime, bore of vegetation on the side toward the Dead Sea; but where springs are, luxuriant, and even in the desolate parts bearing traces of ancient works of man. The present barrenness, so far from disproving, confirms Scripture, which, though describing its former fertility, foretells its desolation for its apostasy. Its towns were six (Joshua 15:62). (See ENGEDI.) The city of Salt was at the southern end of the Dead Sea in the Salt Valley. The priests' nine cities were all in Judah; the Levites had no cities in Judah (Joshua 21:9-19). The allotment to Judah was first (Joshua 15:1; Joshua 19:51). Joshua prepared the way by destroying the chief towns and slaying their kings, penetrating even to Hebron and Debir in the hill country.
Judah and Simeon followed up the conquest (Judges 1:9; Judges 1:19-20), occupying the mountain and the graingrowing Philistine tract, with Gaza, Askelon, and Ekron, but unable to drive out the Canaanites from the valley (Emek) where their chariots gave the latter the advantage (Judges 1:19), but in Judges 1:9 "valley" is shephelah , rather the low hilly region between the mountain and the plain. The Philistine tract was wrested from Judah's hands (1 Samuel 4-5; 1 Samuel 7:14), then Judah recovered it. Judah took little part in the conflicts under the judges, except (Judges 20) the attack on Gibeah. The Philistine incursions were through Dan's and Benjamin's territory, not Judah's. The tribe acted throughout independently of the rest (2 Samuel 2:4; 2 Samuel 2:11; 1618100555_97). 2 Samuel 19:2. Ezra 3:9, = Hodaviah (Ezra 2:40), Hodevah (Nehemiah 7:43).
3. Ezra 10:23; Nehemiah 12:8; Nehemiah 12:36.
4. Nehemiah 11:9, "second over the city"; compare 1 Chronicles 9:7.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Judah, Son of Jacob
Fourth son of Jacob, Judah soon established himself in the family as one who had genuine leadership qualities (Genesis 29:31-35; Genesis 37:25-27; Genesis 43:1-10; Genesis 44:14-34; Genesis 46:28). Concerning his own sons he wanted to establish a strong family to carry on his name and inheritance (Genesis 38:1-10). He himself, however, proved to be morally weak and an easy victim of sexual temptation (Genesis 38:11-30).
Jacob saw clearly that Judah’s tribe would become the leading tribe in the Israelite nation. It would conquer foreign enemies and rule over its brother tribes (Genesis 49:8-12). Out of it came the great king David and finally the Messiah Jesus (Matthew 1:3; Matthew 1:6; Matthew 1:16). (See also JUDAH, TRIBE AND KINGDOM.)
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Judah
See Tribes.

Sentence search

Baale - (KJV), BAALE-JUDAH (NAS, NRSV) (Bale-judah) Place name meaning, “Baals of Judah” or “lords of Judah. ” 2 Samuel 6:2 may be read as “from the lords of Judah” or as went from Baale Judah. If the latter reading is correct, then Baale Judah is a place name where the ark of the covenant was before David took it to Jerusalem. 1 Chronicles 13:6 calls the place Baalah of Judah and identifies it with Kirjath-jearim
Juda - (jyoo' duh) KJV spelling of Judah in New Testament. See Judah
Judahite - ) One of the tribe of Judah; a member of the kingdom of Judah; a Jew
Jewry - Jewry (jew'ry), a word elsewhere rendered "Judah" and "Judæa. " It occurs once in the Old Testament, Daniel 6:13, where it is rendered "Judah" in the R. See Judah and Judæa
Judean - (jyoo dee' uhn) Resident or citizen of Judah in one of its several national and geographical meanings. See Judah
Judah the Kingdom of - Judah, the Kingdom of. The kingdom of Judah embraced not only the territory of the tribe of Judah (see below), but also included the larger part of Benjamin on the northeast, Dan on the northwest, and Simeon on the south. The area thus under the dominion of Judah is estimated at 3435 square miles. Besides this, Edom, subdued by David, continued faithful to Judah for a time, and the Red Sea ports furnished an outlet for commerce. ...
The family of David furnished all the 19 kings of Judah, but the eldest son did not always succeed. Judah outlasted Israel 135 years. 975, Judah maintained its separate existence for 389 years, until b. During the first three reigns Israel and Judah were in an attitude of hostility. The two great foes of Judah were Egypt on the south and Assyria on the east. From Egypt came Shishak, who humbled Judah, 2 Chronicles 12:2-12; Zerah, whose million of men were routed by king Asa, 2 Chronicles 14:9-12; and Josiah was slain at Megiddo. The children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir also invaded Judah during Jehoshaphat's reign, but they only destroyed one another. Tiglath-pileser distressed Judah during the reign of Ahaz, 2 Chronicles 28:20; Sennacherib's host of 185,000 men was destroyed by the angel of the Lord in Hezekiah's reign, 2 Chronicles 32:21; 2 Kings 19:35; Manasseh was carried away captive into Babylon, 2 Chronicles 33:11 : Jehoiachin was also made captive; Zedekiah rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar, and was defeated, his sons slain before his eyes, and he made captive; Jerusalem was taken in b. 586, and the history of the kingdom of Judah was ended
Jekabzeel - ” A city in southern Judah settled by members of the tribe of Judah after the Exile (Nehemiah 11:25 ). Jekabzeel was apparently south of the boundary of the Persian province of Judah, possibly at modern khirbet Gharreh or tell Ira. It is probably the same as Kabzeel, originally assigned to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:21 ) about halfway between tell Beersheba and tell Arad
Low Country - The low hills between the mountain and shore of Judah. (See Judah
ge'Sham - (filthy ) (sometimes written GESHAN), one of the sons of Judah, in the genealogy of Judah and family of Caleb
Zar'Hites, the, - a branch of the tribe of Judah, descended from Zerah the son of Judah
e'Phah -
Concubine of Caleb, in the line of Judah. (1 Chronicles 2:46 ) ...
Son of Jahdai; also in the line of Judah
e'Phah -
Concubine of Caleb, in the line of Judah. (1 Chronicles 2:46 ) ...
Son of Jahdai; also in the line of Judah
Judah - In Genesis 29:35 , the fourth son of Jacob and the progenitor of the tribe of Judah. Though Judah is prominent in the Genesis narratives, he seldom occupies center stage. It relates the seduction of Judah by his daughter-in-law Tamar. Genesis 49:8-12 preserves the blessing of Judah by Jacob. Through Judah ran the genealogical line that led to Jesus. The tribe of Judah occupied the strategically important territory just to the west of the Dead Sea. The city of Jerusalem was on the border between Judah and Benjamin. David was from the tribe of Judah. When the kingdom was divided following the death of Solomon, the southern kingdom took the name Judah. Judah formed one small province alongside Samaria, Galilee, and Idumea. When Judah's exiles returned from Babylon, Zerubbabel was governor of Judah; Tattenai, satrap of Abarnaharah or Beyond the River; and Ushtannu, satrap of Babylon and Abarnaharah. Naphtali's territory does not touch that of the tribe of Judah. Some try to define Judah here as the sixty towns of Jair east of the Jordan (Joshua 13:30 ). Others translate Judah as “low-lying land” (REB). It may be that a copyist confused Jordan and Judah, which resemble one another in appearance in Hebrew writing, and miscopied Jordan as Judah and then copied Jordan. No sure solution exists to explain Judah in this text. City of Judah (2 Chronicles 25:28 ) is Jerusalem
Humtah - ” Town in hill country of Judah in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:54 )
Gedor - City in the highlands of Judah. Valley in the south of Judah, where the tribe of Simeon found rich pasture. Son of Penuel, a descendant of Judah. Son of Jered, a descendant of Judah
Zano'ah -
A town of Judah in the Shefelah or plain, (Joshua 15:34 ; Nehemiah 3:13 ; 11:30 ) possibly identical with Zanu'a . ...
A town of Judah in the highland district, (Joshua 15:66 ) not improbably identical with Sanute , about 10 miles south of Hebron. ...
In the genealogical lists of the tribe of Judah in 1Chron. (1 Chronicles 4:18 ) As Zanoah is the name of a town of Judah, this mention of Bithiah probably points to some colonization of the place by Egyptians or by Israelites directly from Egypt
Halhul - ” Town in hill country of Judah assigned to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:58 )
le'Cah - (progress ), a name mentioned in the genealogies of Judah, ( 1 Chronicles 4:21 ) only, as one of the descendants of Shelah, the third son of Judah by the Canaanites Bath-shua
Baale of Judah - Lords of Judah, a city in the tribe of Judah from which David brought the ark into Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:2 )
Chesalon - Strength; confidence, a place on the border of Judah, on the side of Mount Jearim (Joshua 15:10 ); probably identified with the modern village of Kesla, on the western mountains of Judah
Joram - ) and a king of Judah (850-843 B. Finally, each reigned in proximity to a person named Ahaziah: Joram of Judah was succeeded on the throne by his son, whose name was Ahaziah; Joram of Israel came to the throne at the death of his brother, who was also named Ahaziah. He led a coalition with Judah and Edom, advised by Elisha, to defeat Moab. The reign of Joram of Judah is treated in 2 Kings 8:1 . He married the daughter of Ahab of Israel and brought Baal worship to Judah. Edom and Libnah gained independence from Judah in his reign
Baalah - City in Judah on the border of Benjamin, Joshua 15:9-11 , (called Baale of Judah in 2 Samuel 6:2 ), the same as KIRJATH-JEARIM (q. Town in the south of Judah
Ben-Hail - ” Official under King Jehoshaphat of Judah (873-848), who sent him to help teach God's law in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Ether - Town in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:42 ). Some Bible students identify this with the town in Judah, since Simeon's territory was within Judah's boundaries. Ether in Judah is modern khirbet Attir, south of Lahav and a mile northwest of Beth Gibrin
Baalah -
A city in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:29 ), elsewhere called Balah (Joshua 19:3 ) and Bilhah (1 Chronicles 4:29 ). ...
...
A city on the northern border of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:10 ), called also Kirjath-jearim, q. ...
...
A mountain on the north-western boundary of Judah and Dan (Joshua 15:11 )
Hamul - ” Son of Pharez and grandson of Judah (Genesis 46:12 ) and thus a clan leader in Judah (Numbers 26:21 )
Ephrain - A city of Israel which, with its dependent villages, Abijah and the men of Judah took from Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:19). Possibly = Ephraim city above; also = EPHRON, MOUNT, on the northern bound of Judah (Joshua 15:9)
Ashnah - Town in the west of Judah near Dan. Town in the low hills of Judah, probably to the S
Ches'Alon - (hopes ), a place named as one of the landmarks on the west part of the north boundary of Judah, ( Joshua 15:10 ) probably Kesla , about six miles to the northeast of Ainshems , on the western mountains of Judah
Martyrs - They are: Rabban Simeon ben Gamaliel II, Rabbi Ishmael ben Elisha, Rabbi Akiba, Rabbi Hananiah ben Teradion, Rabbi Hutzpit the Interpreter, Rabbi Eleazar ben Samua, Rabbi Hananiah ben Hakinai, Rabbi Yeshevav the Scribe, Rabbi Judah ben Damah, and Rabbi Judah ben Bava. (Some sources replace some of the names above with Rabbi Hananiah the Deputy High Priest, Rabbi Judah ben Teima, Rabbi Judah the Baker, and Rabbi Tarfon
Ten martyrs - They are: Rabban Simeon ben Gamaliel II, Rabbi Ishmael ben Elisha, Rabbi Akiba, Rabbi Hananiah ben Teradion, Rabbi Hutzpit the Interpreter, Rabbi Eleazar ben Samua, Rabbi Hananiah ben Hakinai, Rabbi Yeshevav the Scribe, Rabbi Judah ben Damah, and Rabbi Judah ben Bava. (Some sources replace some of the names above with Rabbi Hananiah the Deputy High Priest, Rabbi Judah ben Teima, Rabbi Judah the Baker, and Rabbi Tarfon
Jekamiah - Member of clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41 ). Son of King Jeconiah, also called Jehoiachin, of Judah about 597 B
Shammai - Son of Onam, a descendant of Judah. Brother of Miriam, in an obscure genealogy of Judah
Jiphtah - A city of Judah, in the shephelah , or low maritime hills of Judah (Joshua 15:43)
Jew - Same as Judah
Judith - Same as Judah
Judah Upon Jordan - It has been suggested that, following the Masoretic punctuation, the expression should read thus, "and Judah; the Jordan was toward the sun-rising. " The sixty cities (Havoth-jair, Numbers 32:41 ) on the east of Jordan were reckoned as belonging to Judah, because Jair, their founder, was a Manassite only on his mother's side, but on his father's side of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:5,21-23 )
Haruz - ” Maternal grandfather of Amon, king of Judah (642-640 B. The home may not be in Judah and thus represent foreign influence on the king
Er - Oldest son of Judah and grandson of Jacob (Genesis 38:3 ). A grandson of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Anab - ” Joshua eliminated the Anakim from southern Judah including Hebron, Debir, and Anab (Joshua 11:21 ). Joshua allotted the mountain city to Judah (Joshua 15:50 )
Enaim - ” A village near Timnah, where Tamar seduced Judah (Genesis 38:14 ). It is probably the same as Enam in the tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:34 )
Ashnah - A city in the valley of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:33 ), possibly modern Aslin. A second city in the valley or shephelah of Judah (Joshua 15:43 ), possibly modern Idna, about eight miles northwest of Hebron
Jews - Originally, a Jew was a member of the state of Judah during the period of the division of Israel into two nations: Judah and Israel
Judea - After the northern Ten Tribes seceded from the Davidic dynasty (in the 8th century BCE), this region, inhabited by the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, remained under the reign of the kings from the tribe of Judah
Hirah - A friend of Judah, the son of Jacob, whom Judah was visiting when he met Shuah, who bore three of his sons (Genesis 38:1-12 )
Er -
First-born of Judah. " (Genesis 38:3-7 ; Numbers 26:19 ) ...
Descendant of Shelah the son of Judah
Jehaleleel - Of Judah
a'Chaz - king of Judah, (Matthew 1:9 )
Jiphtah - City of Judah
Ziph - City in the south of Judah. City in the highlands of Judah: with its 'wilderness' it was connected with some of the stirring events in the life of David. Son of Jehaleleel, of the tribe of Judah
ju'Das, - the Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah, occurring in the LXX, and the New Testament.
The patriarch Judah
ju'Das, - the Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah, occurring in the LXX, and the New Testament.
The patriarch Judah
Jehaleleel - Descendant of Judah
Migdal-Gad - A city of Judah
Josi'as - Josiah, king of Judah
za'ra, - the son of Judah
Shelah - ” Son of Judah and original ancestor of clan in tribe of Judah (Genesis 46:12 ; Numbers 26:20 ; 1 Chronicles 2:3 ; 1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Jehozabad - One of conspirators who killed King Joash of Judah (2 Kings 12:21 ). Military commander under King Jehoshaphat of Judah about 860 B
Mareshah - A town in Judah, Joshua 15:44 , fortified by Rehobaoam, 2 Chronicles 11:8 , and the birthplace of Micah. It probably lay on the western border of Judah, just south of Eleutheropolis
Ziphah - A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:16 )
Bizjothjah - A town in southern Judah (Joshua 15:28)
Hazaiah - A descendant of Judah ( Nehemiah 11:5 )
Baale-Judah - BAALE-JUDAH = Baalah, No
Judah, Kingdom of - 975, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. Joshua 19:41,42 Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim. ( 2 Chronicles 13:19 ; 15:8 ; 17:2 ) It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. --The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years, and lasted from B. History --The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel
Zephath - ” City in southwestern Judah in the vicinity of Arvad. Following their destruction of the city, the tribes of Judah and Simeon renamed the site Hormah (Judges 1:17 )
Jezreel - A city of Judah. (1 Chronicles 4:3; Hosea 1:4) The Jezreel, where Ahab's palace was, lay distant from the city of Judah
Harum - Elevated, (1 Chronicles 4:8 ), a descendant of Judah
za'Rah, - the son of Judah
Cabbon - Town in the lowlands of Judah
Zaza - Plenty, a descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:33 )
Zoheth - A descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Beth-Lomon - For Bethlehem of Judah
Ephlal - A descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:37 )
Adadah - of Judah (Joshua 15:22)
Aharhel - A descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Bealoth - City in the south of Judah
Benhail - Prince of Judah under Jehoshaphat
Shilhim - City in the south of Judah
Pharzites - Descendants of Pharez, son of Judah
Anub - A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Haahashtari - A descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:6 )
Jekuthiel - A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Gederothaim - City in the lowlands of Judah
Eltekon - Mountain city of Judah
Middin - City in the wilderness of Judah
Dilean - Town in the lowlands of Judah
Eshan - ” Town in the hill country of Judah assigned to tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:52 )
Eshtemoa , Eshtemoh - Cityin the mountains of Judah, given to the Priests. Son of Ishbah, of the tribe of Judah
Zanoah - Village in Judah identified with khirbet Zanu about three miles south southeast of Beth-Shemesh (Joshua 15:34 ). City in the highlands of Judah (Joshua 15:56 ), whose identification with khirbet Zanuta, ten miles southwest of Hebron or khirbet Beit Amra is disputed
Zanoah - A town in Judah, in the lowlands or "valley. A town in the highlands of Judah
Judah - Judah (‘he is to be praised’; the popular etymologies seem to regard the name as an unabbreviated Hoph. Judah is represented as the fourth son of Leah by Jacob ( Genesis 29:35 [3] , it was Judah who proposed to sell Joseph in order to avert the danger which threatened him at the hands of his brethren ( Genesis 37:26 ff. ]'>[3] gives the pre-eminence to Judah, and makes him spokesman for all in his pathetic appeal to Joseph ( Genesis 44:14-34 ). Genesis 35:22 ), and Simeon and Levi, because of their barbarous conduct towards the Shechemites, fall before their enemies and into disfavour with their brethren, and Judah succeeds to the primogenitureship. Judah is there said to have withdrawn himself from his brethren and to have gone down to a certain Adullamite whose name was Hirah. Er’s widow, Tamar, a Canaanitess also, it seems, posing by the wayside as a hierodule, enticed Judah to intercourse with her, and of her the twin sons Perez and Zerah were born to Judah. This story is usually held to be based upon facts of tribal history, though cast in the form of personal narrative, and also to prove clearly that Judah, like other tribal names, is but the eponymous head of the tribe. It points to the settlement of Judah in the region of Adullam and its union with foreign stock. Hirah is a Canaanite clan; Er and Onan stand for two other clans which became united to Judah, but early disappeared; the other three continued to exist as constituents of Judah. In 1 Samuel 27:10 ; 1 Samuel 30:14 they still appear to be independent, though the Chronicler makes both Caleb and Jerahmeel descendants of Judah through Perez and Hezron, to whom also he traces David. ]'>[2] ) Caleb, who is sent by Moses as one of the spies, belongs to Judah; but in Numbers 32:12 , Joshua 14:6 ; Joshua 14:14 (R
Of all these foreign elements by which the tribe of Judah was increased, the Calebite was the most important. In fact the Chronicler makes the Judahite stock consist largely of the descendants of Hezron. It was the Calebite capital, Hebron, that under David (himself said to be Hezronite) became the capital of Judah. In the Song of Deborah Judah is not even mentioned, because ‘it was not yet made up by the fusion of Israelite, Canaanite, Edomite, and Arabic elements,’ as Stade ( GVI
Judah. ...
Judah ‘upon (AV
Jokdeam - A city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:56 )
Meshullemeth - Wife of Manasseh king of Judah
Ben-Zoheth - A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Amam - of Judah (Joshua 15:26)
Chesil - City in the extreme south of Judah
Athach - City in the south of Judah
Benhanan - Son of Shimon, descendant of Judah
Heshmon - Town in the extreme south of Judah
Senuah - Father of Judah who returned from exile
Shimon - Head of a family in Judah
Shamariah - Son of Rehoboam king of Judah
Appaim - A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:30-31 )
Amam - (ay' man) Place name in southern Judah (Joshua 15:26 )
Nedabiah - Son of Jeconiah, king of Judah
Nehushta - Wife of Jehoiakim king of Judah
Esh'e-an - (slope ), one of the cities of Judah
Pha'Res, Pha'Rez - The son of Judah
Judah - The patriarch Judah; Jacob's fourth son, by Leah. Judah ("praise"), Leah having praised Jehovah for giving him; Jacob similarly refers to the meaning of Judah, "thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise" (Genesis 29:35; Genesis 49:8). Conscience and natural feeling wrought on Judah, "what profit is it (like the antitype Judas, and in the keen bargaining spirit of the Jews ages afterward: John 12:4-5; Matthew 26:15), if we slay our brother and conceal his blood? Come and let us sell him . Judah was the brethren's spokesman in prevailing on Jacob to let Benjamin go to Egypt, and he undertook to be surety for him (Genesis 43:3-10); and when Joseph's cup was found with Benjamin, professed their guilt and liability to bondservice, though actually innocent of stealing it, in order in oriental fashion to move pity. ...
Then Judah touchingly appealed to the supposed Egyptian prince to detain him as a bondservant instead of his youngest brother, by describing his father's love for Benjamin after having lost Joseph, and the danger of bringing down his grey hairs with sorrow to the grave, so that Joseph could refrain no longer but made himself known (Genesis 44). Judah too is the one who prepares the way before his father in going to meet Joseph and settle in Goshen (Genesis 46:28). Throughout Judah "prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief prince" (1 Chronicles 5:2). Though "the birthright was Joseph's" he was not registered as firstborn, because of Judah's prevalence on the threefold ground, Jacob's blessing, Judah's historic preeminence, and David the prince (1 Chronicles 28:4) being chosen from Judah. Again after the division of the land Judah was called by God to be the vanguard of the army warring with the Canaanites (Judges 1:1-2). ...
Judah in his conduct before Joseph in Egypt manifested true nobility; if he had sold his brother yet he was willing to be sold himself for the youngest brother. So, when Reuben forfeited his birthright by incest, Simeon and Levi by manslaughter, Judah the next oldest received from Jacob the best blessing of the older sons (Genesis 49:8-12). Judah's "hand was in the neck of his enemies" in his victories as leading tribe; "his father's children bowed down before him"' when Judah became the royal tribe, of whom sprang David and David's almighty Son. The "lion," the king of beasts, is Jacob's image for Judah; afterward it was his standard, with the motto "Rise up, Lord, let Thine enemies be scattered" (Targum in Pseudo Jonathan). Judah should hold the tribal "sceptre," and have "lawgivers" (Psalms 60:7) among his posterity ("from between his feet") until Shiloh ("the Prince of peace") should come. ) and the Roman procuratorship, superseding native rule, marked the appearance of Christ of the tribe of Judah. ...
In Him all Judah's regal and legislative powers merged and found their consummation. Judah as to temporal prosperity should "bind his foal unto the vine and his donkey's colt unto the choice vine, washing his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of the grape, his eyes being red with wine and his teeth white with milk. In Moses' dying blessing (Deuteronomy 33:7) he prays: "Hear Lord the voice of Judah (in prayer) and bring him (marching at the head of the tribes back again victorious) unto his people. "...
Judah stopped with his friend Hirah, an Adullamite, and there married a Canaanitess, Shuah's daughter (Bath-Shua), by whom he had sons, Er, Onan, and Shelah. Onan having been slain by Jehovah for unnatural sin, Shelah ought to have been given her; but Judah, from superstitious fear lest he too should die, delayed. Then she waylaid Judah as a veiled harlot (one apparently consecrated by vow to impurity in the worship of Venus Astarte, the Babylonian Mylitta) at the gate of Enaim (margin) and received his signet, bracelets, and staff in pledge for the kid he promised her. ...
When it was known that she was with child, Judah, by his patriarchal authority, would have burned her as having disgraced his family; but she proved by the signet and bracelet that Judah himself was the father of her children, and that she had a claim on him as nearest of kin to marry her when he withheld Shelah (Ruth 3-4; Genesis 38:25-26). The three sons born in Canaan accompanied Judah to Egypt on his removal there (Exodus 1:2). Caleb represented Judah among the spies, and in the allotment of the land (Numbers 13:6; Numbers 34:19). Judah led the van in the wilderness march on the E. ...
The boundaries of Judah are given (Joshua 20:20-63). ...
(3) The mountain or "hill country of Judah," the largest of the four (Joshua 15:48-60). until interrupted by Esdraelon plain, and having on it Hebron, Jerusalem, and Shechem; this "mountain of Judah" abounds in rains of former towns; springs are numerous, as at Urtas near Solomon's pools, but no streams. It rises from the Negeb precipitously, between the hilly region on the, western part of the shephelah and the desert of Judah" extending to the Dead Sea (ver. ...
(4) "The desert of Judah" (midbar ), the sunken district near the Dead Sea; from the northern border of Judah (Joshua 15:6-7) to wady Fikreh on the S. The priests' nine cities were all in Judah; the Levites had no cities in Judah (Joshua 21:9-19). The allotment to Judah was first (Joshua 15:1; Joshua 19:51). ...
Judah and Simeon followed up the conquest (Judges 1:9; Judges 1:19-20), occupying the mountain and the graingrowing Philistine tract, with Gaza, Askelon, and Ekron, but unable to drive out the Canaanites from the valley (Emek) where their chariots gave the latter the advantage (Judges 1:19), but in Judges 1:9 "valley" is shephelah , rather the low hilly region between the mountain and the plain. The Philistine tract was wrested from Judah's hands (1 Samuel 4-5; 1 Samuel 7:14), then Judah recovered it. Judah took little part in the conflicts under the judges, except (Judges 20) the attack on Gibeah. The Philistine incursions were through Dan's and Benjamin's territory, not Judah's
Hadattah - of Judah (Joshua 15:25), the Qeri (the Hebrew margin) reads Hazor-hadattah, i. Judah
Elimelech - The husband of Naomi and father of Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem-Judah (cf. He is spoken of as if he were the head of a clan in the tribe of Judah (cf
Er - The eldest son of Judah by his Canaanitish wife, the daughter of Shua. A son of Shelah the son of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Mareshah - Fortified city in the lowlands of Judah. Son of Laadah of the tribe of Judah
Shilhim - A town of Judah ( Joshua 15:32 )
Heshmon - Fatness, a town in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:27 )
Hadashah - New, a city in the valley of Judah (Joshua 15:37 )
Eshean - A city of Judah in the hilly country (Joshua 15:52)
Arab - A city of Judah in the hilly district (Joshua 15:52)
Humtah - A city of Judah in the mountain district (Joshua 15:54)
Athaiah - A man of Judah dwelling in Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 11:4 )
Hirah - An Adullamite, a friend of the patriarch Judah
Coz - Father of Anub, a descendant of Judah
Bethrapha - Obscure name in the genealogy of Judah
Ethnan - Son of Ashur, a descendant of Judah
Asareel - Son of Jehaleleel, a descendant of Judah
Shelah - Son of Judah
Jada - Son of Onam, a descendant of Judah
Jagur - Town in the south of Judah
Hazelelponi - A woman of the tribe of Judah
Harum - Father of Aharhel, a descendant of Judah
Achor - On the northern boundary of Judah (Joshua 15:7)
Hazaiah - Son of Adaiah, of the tribe of Judah
Sisamai - Son of Eleasah, a descendant of Judah
Seled - Son of Nadab, a descendant of Judah
Haroeh - Son of Shobal, a descendant of Judah
Hazargaddah - Town in the south of Judah
Sansannah - Town in the south of Judah
Naarah - Wife of Ashur, a descendant of Judah
Zoheth - Son of Ishi, a descendant of Judah
Temeni - Son of Ashur, a descendant of Judah
Zereth - Son of Ashur, a descendant of Judah
Tilon - Son of Shimon, a descendant of Judah
Kithlish - City in the lowlands of Judah
Kinah - City in the south of Judah
Amam - City in the south of Judah
Karkaa - City in the south of Judah
Nibshan - City in the wilderness of Judah
Mehir - Son of Chelub, a descendant of Judah
Lecah - Son of Er, a descendant of Judah
Mered - Son of Ezra, a descendant of Judah
Laadah - Son of Shelah and grandson of Judah
Maroth - Town in the lowlands of Judah
Lebaoth - Town in the south of Judah
Raham - Son of Shema, a descendant of Judah
e'Ker - (a rooting up ), a descendant of Judah
Ben-zo'Heth - (son of Zoheth ), a descendant of Judah
Cab'Bon, - a town in the low country of Judah
Janum - Slumber, a town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:53 )
Eker - Son of Ram, a descendant of Judah
Jokim - Son of Shelah, a son of Judah
Rinnah - Son of Shimon, a descendant of Judah
Phar'Zites. the, - the descendants of Parez the son of Judah
Bethrapha - ) Son of Eshton in the genealogy of Judah
Humtah - A city of Judah ( Joshua 15:54 )
sa'Raph - (burning ) mentioned in ( 1 Chronicles 4:22 ) among the descendants of Judah
Cabbon - A town of Judah near Eglon
Karka - of Judah ( Joshua 15:3 )
Hushah - Son of Ezer, of the tribe of Judah
Athach - Unknown town in the south of Judah
Tekoa - A city of Judah
Shicron - Boundary in the north-west of Judah
Ithnan - City in the extreme south of Judah
Ether - City of Judah, allotted to Simeon
Ishbah - Father of Eshtemoa, of the tribe of Judah
Jekuthiel - Father of Zanoah, of the tribe of Judah
Jalon - Son of Ezra, of the tribe of Judah
Eshton - Son of Mehir, of the tribe of Judah
Jekamiah - Son of Shallum, of the tribe of Judah
Helah - Wife of Ashur, of the tribe of Judah
Saraph - Descendant of Shelah, of the tribe of Judah
Hareph - Father of Beth-gader, a descendant of Judah
Hathath - Son of Othniel, of the tribe of Judah
Hadattah - City in the south of Judah
Haahashtari - Son of Ashur of the tribe of Judah
Zobebah - Son of Coz, of the tribe of Judah
Tehinnah - Son of Eshton, of the tribe of Judah
Ziphah - Son of Jehaleleel, of the tribe of Judah
Tiria - Son of Jehaleleel, of the tribe of Judah
Ahban - Son of Abishur of the tribe of Judah
Anub - Son of Coz, of the posterity of Judah
Ish'ma - (desolation ), a name in the genealogy of Judah
a'Dar - (high ), a place on the south boundary of Judah
a'Dar - (high ), a place on the south boundary of Judah
zo'Heth, - son of Ishi of the tribe of Judah
Jew - a contraction of Judas of Judah
be'Aloth - (ladies) a town in the extreme south of Judah
Lah'Mam - (provisions ), a town in the lowland district of Judah
Coz - (thorn ), a man among the descendants of Judah
Jeku'Thi-el, - a man recorded in the genealogies of Judah
Jezoar - Son of Ashur, of the tribe of Judah
Judah, Kingdom of - When the disruption took place at Shechem, at first only the tribe of Judah followed the house of David. But very soon after the tribe of Benjamin joined the tribe of Judah, and Jerusalem became the capital of the new kingdom (Joshua 18:28 ), which was called the kingdom of Judah. For the first sixty years the kings of Judah aimed at re-establishing their authority over the kingdom of the other ten tribes, so that there was a state of perpetual war between them. For about another century and a half Judah had a somewhat checkered existence after the termination of the kingdom of Israel till its final overthrow in the destruction of the temple (B
Judah - The dying benediction of Jacob foretells the superior power and prosperity of the family of Judah, and their continuance as chief of the Jewish race until the time of Christ, Genesis 49:8-12 . Though not the firstborn, Judah soon came to be considered as the chief of Jacob's children, and his tribe was the most powerful and numerous. On the border of their territory was Jerusalem, the seat of the Jewish worship; and from Judah sprung David and his royal race, from which descended the Savior of the world. ...
After the return from the captivity, this tribe in some sort united in itself the whole Hebrew nation, who from that time were known only as Judaei, Jews, descendants of Judah. Judah-when named in contradistinction to Israel, Ephraim, the kingdom of the ten tribes, or Samaria-denotes the kingdom of Judah, and of David's descendants
Zanoah -
A town in the low country or shephelah of Judah, near Zorah (Joshua 15:34 ). ...
...
A town in the hill country of Judah, some 10 miles to the south-west of Hebron (Joshua 15:56 )
Gimzo - Town in the Shephelah or valley of Judah which the Philistines captured from King Ahaz of Judah (735-715 B
Zorah - ” City of Dan (Joshua 19:41 ) about thirteen miles west of Jerusalem on the border with Judah (Joshua 15:33 ; “Zoreah,” KJV). Rehoboam, king of Judah, strengthened Zorah in case of war (2 Chronicles 11:5-12 )
Gibea - The list of the descendants of Judah through Caleb given in 1 Chronicles 2:42 ff. is geographical rather than genealogical, and comprises all the towns lying in the Negeb of Judah to the S
be'Zek -
The residence of Adonibezek, (Judges 1:6 ) in the lot of Judah. (Judges 1:3 ) ...
Where Saul numbered the forces of Israel and Judah before going to the relief of Jabesh-gilead
Judah - ' It was Judah who advised the selling of Joseph rather than taking his life: so his descendants, the Jews, delivered the Lord into the hands of the Gentiles. He was able to persuade his father to let Benjamin be taken into Egypt, and when appeals were to be made to Joseph it was Judah who made them. When Jacob blessed his sons, the predictions show that in Judah was centred the royal line. The sceptre should not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet until Shiloh came, etc. From Judah sprang David and a long succession of kings. Christ as born of the tribe of Judah, is referred to as "the Lion of the tribe of Juda. In the journeyings of the Israelites, Judah took the lead, and at the first and second census their numbers were 74,600 and 76,500. Jerusalem was near the border between Judah and Benjamin. In Joshua 18:28 it is one of the cities mentioned as falling to Benjamin; but in Joshua 15:63 and Judges 1:8 it is referred to Judah. A prince of Judah, and a priest and musician who assisted at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem
Adadah - (ad' uh duh) Place name of city in southeastern Judah (Joshua 15:22 )
Cabbon - A town in the shephelah (low hilly region) of Judah
Hadashah - A town in the shephelah or low hills of Judah (Joshua 15:37)
Mehir - ” Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:11 )
Hazzelelponi - A female name in the genealogy of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:3 )
Heshmon - An unknown town in the extreme south of Judah ( Joshua 15:27 )
Iim - A city of Judah ( Joshua 15:29 ); site unknown
Netaim - A place situated probably in the Shephçlah of Judah
Molid - ” Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:29 )
Ithnan - A city in the Negeb of Judah ( Joshua 15:23 ); site uncertain
Jehoshaphat - —A king of Judah, named in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:8)
Jotham - —A king of Judah, named in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:9)
Besor - A brook or wady in the south of Judah
Naham - A man of Judah, father of Keilah and Eshtemoa
Rechah - Apparently a place or city in Judah
Bizjoth'Jah - (contempt of Jehovah ), a town in the south of Judah
la'Adah - (order ), the son of Shelah and grandson of Judah
Har'Oeh, - a name occurring in the genealogical lists of Judah
Adithaim - Town in the tribe of Judah
Jokdeam - A city of Judah in the mountains (Joshua 15:56), S
Zereth - ” Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:7 )
Hadashah - A town in the Shephçlah of Judah ( Joshua 15:37 ); site unknown
Hazar-Gaddah - An unknown town in the extreme south of Judah ( Joshua 15:27 )
Hadattah - New, one of the towns in the extreme south of Judah (Joshua 15:25 )
Arab - Ambush, a city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:52 ), now Er-Rabiyeh
Raham - ” Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:44 )
Rinnah - ” Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Tilon - Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Bunah - A man of Judah, a son of Jerahmeel ( 1 Chronicles 2:25 )
ir-Nahash - A city of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:12 )
Jedidah - Daughter of Adaiah, and mother of Josiah king of Judah
Idbash - One 'of the father of Etam,' a descendant of Judah
Ishma - One 'of the father of Etam,' a descendant of Judah
Ashnah - Two unknown sites of towns in Judah ( Joshua 15:33 ; Joshua 15:43 )
Haruz - Father of Meshullemeth, mother of Amon king of Judah ( 2 Kings 21:19 )
Zibiah - Wife of Ahaziah king of Judah
Nibshan - A city of Judah, (Joshua 15:62) If from Shanah, it means to change
Rin'Nah - (a shout ), one of the descendants of Judah
ma'Roth - (bitterness ), one of the towns of the western lowland of Judah
Esh'Ton - (effeminate ), a name which occurs in the genealogies of Judah
la'Had - (oppression ), son of Jahath, one of the descendants of Judah
Jagur - Place of sojourn, a city on the southern border of Judah (Joshua 15:21 )
Jattir - Pre-eminent, a city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:48 ; 21:14 )
Kiriath-Jearim - Kiriath-jearim was on the border between Benjamin and Judah, and was known also as Kiriath-baal, Baalah, Baale-judah and Kiriath-arim (Joshua 15:9; Joshua 15:60; Joshua 18:14; Joshua 18:21-28; 2 Samuel 6:2; Ezra 2:25). It is chiefly remembered because during the time of Saul and David the ark of the covenant rested there for twenty years (1 Samuel 7:1-2; 2 Samuel 6:2; for maps see BENJAMIN; Judah, TRIBE AND KINGDOM)
Nahshon - Son of Amminadab, prince of Judah; assisted Moses and Aaron at the first numbering in the wilderness (1 Chronicles 2:10; Exodus 6:23; Numbers 1:7). First in the encampment, the march, as captain of Judah (Numbers 2:3; Numbers 10:14; Numbers 7:12), and in offering for dedicating the altar; but third in order at the census (Numbers 1:1-7); died in the wilderness (Numbers 26:64-65). The sixth in descent from Judah, inclusive; David was fifth after him (Ruth 4:18-20; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:32; 1 Chronicles 2:10-12)
Athaliah - When Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoram of Judah, the Baalism that Ahab and Jezebel had established in Israel spread to Judah. The people then destroyed her Baal temple, Baal altars and Baal images, and restored the dynasty of David by placing her sole surviving grandson on the throne of Judah (2 Chronicles 23:16-21)
Habakkuk - Nevertheless, the contents of the book make it clear that he delivered his message during that period of the Judean kingdom, when Babylon had risen to power and was threatening to conquer Judah. This victory gave it control over Judah, but it did not destroy Jerusalem until 587 BC, after it had lost patience because of Judah’s repeated rebellions. ...
Babylon’s conquest of Judah was part of God’s will for his unfaithful and rebellious people. ...
Summary of the book...
Habakkuk begins by complaining to God that in spite of his preaching, Judah shows no signs of improving. He asks how long God will allow Judah to go unpunished (1:1-4). God replies that he is preparing the Babylonians (Chaldeans) to punish Judah (1:5-11). He asks: if God is holy, and if Judah is his people, how can he use Babylon to punish Judah when the Babylonians are worse sinners than the Judeans (1:12-17)? He awaits God’s answer (2:1). Habakkuk knows that the people of Judah deserve God’s punishment
Moladah - A city in southern Judah, next Edom (Joshua 15:26), given to Simeon (Joshua 19:2; 1 Chronicles 4:28). It reverted to Judah after the captivity (Nehemiah 11:25-26)
Ziph - ...
...
A city in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:24 ), probably at the pass of Sufah. ...
...
A city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:55 ), identified with the uninhabited ruins of Tell ez-Zif, about 5 miles south-east of Hebron
Bor-Ashan - A town of the tribe of Judah to whom David gave part of his spoils of victory. It is usually equated with Asham, the town of Judah in which Simeon lived (Joshua 15:42 ; Joshua 19:7 )
Gederothaim - A town in the valley or Shephelah of Judah allotted to Judah (Joshua 15:36 )
Hirah - The Adullamite with whom Judah, according to the story of Genesis 38:1-30 (J Zanoah - City in Judah. City in the highlands of Judah
Attai - Member of clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:35-36 ). Son of Maachah (1 Chronicles 11:20 ), the favorite and beloved wife of King Rehoboam of Judah (931-913 B
Timnah - City on the north border of Judah. City in the south of Judah
er - Eldest son of Judah by a daughter of Shuah, a Canaanite. Son of Shelah, of the tribe of Judah
Jehizkiah - Man of tribe of Ephraim who prevented people of Israel from bringing war prisoners from Judah into the city after Pekah of Israel defeated Ahaz of Judah about 733 B
Humtah - City in the hill country of Judah, near to Hebron
Ethnan - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:7 )
Bealoth - of Judah (Joshua 15:24)
Laadah - Shelah's son, Judah's grandson; father, i. founder, of Mareshah of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:21)
Mered - Son of Ezra of Judah; married Pharaoh's daughter (See BITHIAH
Hazar-Gaddah - of Judah (Joshua 15:27)
Bakbakkar - (bak bak' kahr) A Levite living in Judah after the Exile (1 Chronicles 9:15 )
Seled - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:30 )
Bealoth - An unknown town in the extreme south of Judah
Ben-Hanan - A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Adithaim - A town of Judah in the Shephelah
Lachish - A city south of Judah, Joshua 10:23
Bozkath, Boscath - City of Judah in the lowlands
Aharhel - Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Ephlal - Son of Zabad, a descendant of Judah through Jarha an Egyptian 1 Chronicles 2:37
Manas'Ses -
Manasseh, king of Judah
na'Arah - (a maiden ), the second wife of Ashur; a descendant of Judah
Dala-i'ah - (freed by Jehovah ) a descendant of the royal family of Judah
re'Chah - (uttermost part ), probably a place in Judah--a village, Rashiah , three miles south of Jerusalem
Kings - of Judah and Israel
Ahaziah - ) and the king of Judah (ca. The son and successor of Jehoram as king of Judah (2 Kings 8:25 ). Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah of Judah, was the sister of Ahaziah of Israel. So, Ahaziah of Israel was the uncle of Ahaziah of Judah
Shikkeron - A place on the northern boundary of Judah ( Joshua 15:11 )
Mekonah - A base or foundation, a town in the south of Judah (Nehemiah 11:28 ), near Ziklag
Mered - Rebellion, one of the sons of Ezra, of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Tiria - ” Descendant and family of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:16 )
Tir'ia - (fear ), son of Jehaleleel, of the tribe of Judah
Dimonah - A city in southern Judah, near the Idumean desert (Joshua 15:22 Dibon), Nehemiah 11:25
Lahad - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:2 )
Jagur - A town in the extreme south of Judah ( Joshua 15:21 )
Josiah - —The well-known king of Judah, named in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:10 f
Maon - A city of Judah, (Joshua 15:55) The word means an habitation
Bethanoth - City of Judah
Bithiah - Daughter of some Pharaoh and wife of Mered, a descendant of Judah
Bethhaccerem - Place near Tekoa in Judah, used as a beacon hill
Chezib - Town in the lowlands of Judah
Bethpalet - Town in the south of Judah
Shua, Shuah - A Canaanite, whose daughter became the wife of Judah
Amam - An unknown city of Judah, in the desert south of Beersheba
Jerusha - Mother of Jotham king of Judah
Jokdeam - A city of Judah ( Joshua 15:58 ), whose site has not been identified
Humtah - This was a city of Judah
a'Nim - (fountains ), a city in the mountains of Judah, named with Eshtemoh and Goshen
bu'Nah - (understanding ), a son of Jerahmeel, of the family of Pharez in Judah
Dimonah - City in the south of Judah, Joshua 15:22 : perhaps the same as DIBON, No
Dannah - Mountain city of Judah
hi'Rah - (a noble race ), an Adullamite, the friend of Judah
be'Sor, the Brook - (cool ), a torrent-bed or wady in the extreme south of Judah
e'Nam - (double spring ), one of the cities of Judah int he Shefelah or lowland
Bari'ah - (fugitive ), a descendant of the royal family of Judah
Gede'Roth - (sheepfolds ), a town in the low country of Judah
Ben-ha'Nan - (son of the gracious ), son of Shimon, in the line of Judah
bu'Nah - (understanding ), a son of Jerahmeel, of the family of Pharez in Judah
Ohad - One of the sons Simeon, (Genesis 46:10) The name signifies praise, from Judah, to praise
Holon - Town in the hill country of Judah allotted to tribe of Judah and given as city for Levites (Joshua 15:51 ; Joshua 21:15 )
Bezek -
The residence of Adoni-bezek, in the lot of Judah (Judges 1:5 ). ...
...
The place where Saul numbered the forces of Israel and Judah (1 Samuel 11:8 ); somewhere in the centre of the country, near the Jordan valley
Hezron - Son of Pharez, and grandson of Judah. Place on the south border of Judah
Nahshon - Brother-in-law of Aaron ( Exodus 6:23 ) descendant in the 5th generation from Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:10 f. ) and prince of the tribe of Judah ( Numbers 1:7 ; Numbers 2:3 ; Numbers 7:12 ; Numbers 7:17 ; Numbers 10:14 ) mentioned as one of the ancestors of David ( Ruth 4:20 ; Ruth 4:1 Cf
Jabez - A city in Judah occupied by scribes, the descendants of Caleb ( 1 Chronicles 2:55 ). A man of the family of Judah, noted for his ‘honourable’ character ( 1 Chronicles 4:9 ff
Joktheel - ’ It came into possession of the tribe of Judah. ]'>[1] , ‘protection of God’) given ( 2 Kings 14:7 ) to Sela , the ancient capital of the Edomites, after its capture by Amaziah king of Judah
Tappuah - City in the lowlands of Judah. Son of Hebron of the tribe of Judah
i'Shi -
A man of the descendants of Judah, son of Appaim, (1 Chronicles 2:31 ) one of the great house of Hezron. ...
In a subsequent genealogy of Judah we find another Ishi, with a son Zoheth
i'Shi -
A man of the descendants of Judah, son of Appaim, (1 Chronicles 2:31 ) one of the great house of Hezron. ...
In a subsequent genealogy of Judah we find another Ishi, with a son Zoheth
Perez - ” One of the twins born to the illicit affair between Judah and his daughter-in-law, Tamar (Genesis 38:1 ). After she was widowed and her brother-in-law, Onan, refused to fulfill his duties in levirate marriage (designed to carry on the name of the deceased through a son), she tricked her father-in-law, Judah, into an affair (Genesis 38:13-30 )
so'Coh, - the name of two towns in the tribe of Judah. It may be identified with esh-Shuweikeh , in the western part of the mountains of Judah. ...
Also a town of Judah, but in the mountain district
Moladah - ” City near Beersheba in southern Judah assigned both to Judah (Joshua 15:26 ) and to Simeon (Joshua 19:2 ), perhaps reflecting the political realities of different times or the dependence of Simeon on Judah
Socho - Heber was "father," founder, or colonist of Socho in the low hill region of Judah. Now Shuweikeh, in the western part of the low hills of Judah, on the southern slope of the wady Sumt, nearly half a mile above the bed of the wady, a natural terrace, green in spring, dotted with grey ruins. Also in Judah; now Shuweibeh (Joshua 15:48), ten miles S
a'Mos - (burden ), native of Tekoa in Judah, about six miles south of Bethlehem, originally a shepherd and dresser of sycamore trees, who was called by God s Spirit to be a prophet, although not trained in any of the regular prophetic schools. ( Amos 1:1 ; 7:14,15 ) He travelled from Judah into the northern kingdom of Israel or Ephraim, and there exercised his ministry, apparently not for any long time. 808 for he lived in the reigns of Uzziah king of Judah and Jeroboam king of Israel; but his ministry probably took place at an earlier date, perhaps about the middle of Jeroboam's reign Nothing is known of the time or manner of his death
Joktheel - A city in the low country of Judah (Joshua 15:38), called so probably front the triumph there of God's people over the idolatrous Canaanites (Judges 1:9; Judges 1:18); now the ruin Keitulaneh. The name given to Selah or Petra (the rock), Edom's capital, by Amaziah king of Judah. Its capture brought Edom again under Judah for 80 years (2 Kings 14:7, where "unto this day" limits the date of 2 Kings to not beyond 80 years after Amaziah, 2 Kings 16:6; 2 Chronicles 28:17)
Hezronite - (hehz' rahn ite) Clan descended from Hezron both in tribe of Reuben and of Judah
Shil'Him - (fountains ), one of the cities in the southern portion of the tribe of Judah
Nibshan - Fertile; light soil, a city somewhere "in the wilderness" of Judah (Joshua 15:62 ), probably near Engedi
Meshullemeth - Friend, the wife of Manasseh, and the mother of Amon (2 Kings 21:19 ), Kings of Judah
Beth-Tappuah - House of apples, a town of Judah, now Tuffuh, 5 miles west of Hebron (Joshua 15:53 )
Tobijah - , a Levite sent out through Judah by Jehoshaphat to teach the people (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Judas Iscariot - (jyoo' dawss ihss car' ih aht) Personal name meaning, “Judah from Kerioth
Naarah - A girl, the second of Ashur's two wives, of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:5,6 )
Nibshan - A city in the desert of Judah ( Joshua 15:62 )
Hilen - A city of Judah allotted to the priests (1 Chronicles 6:58)
Mount of the Amorites - KJV designation for the hill country of Judah and Ephraim (Deuteronomy 1:7 ,Deuteronomy 1:7,1:20 )
Middin - A town in the wilderness of Judah ( Joshua 15:61 )
Jehizkiah - Son of Shallum: he opposed the captives from Judah being brought into Samaria
Moreshethgath - A name occurring only in Micah 1:14 ; mentioned along with towns in the lowlands of Judah
Shelanites - Descendants of Shelah, son of Judah
Zara - Son of Judah by Tamar (Genesis 38:30; Genesis 46:12; Matthew 1:3)
Ziphah - ” Family of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:16 )
Zobebah - Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 ; NIV, “Hazzobebah”)
Zior - City in Judah
Aphekah - (uh fee' kah) City Joshua assigned to tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:53 )
ja'Num - (slumber ), a town of Judah in the mountain district, apparently not far from Hebron
Oren - ” Member of the Jerahmeelite clan of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:25 )
hu'Shah - (haste ), a name which occurs in the genealogies of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:4 )
Eph'Lal - (judgment ), a descendant of Judah, of the family of Hezron and of Jerahmeel
ha'Rum - (lofty ), father of Aharhel, in one of the most obscure genealogies of Judah
Hoda'Iah - (Praise ye Jehovah ), son of the royal line of Judah
Shilhim - Aqueducts, a town in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:32 ); called also Sharuhen and Shaaraim (19:6)
Anim - City of Judah in the mountains
Eshton - A member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:11-12 )
Jekuthiel - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Colhozeh - A man of Judah in Nehemiah's time (Nehemiah 3:15; Nehemiah 11:5); father of Shallum and Baruch
Saphir - Beautiful, a town of Judah (Micah 1:11 ), identified with es-Suafir, 5 miles south-east of Ashdod
Dannah - Murmuring, a city (Joshua 15:49 ) in the mountains of Judah about 8 miles south-west of Hebron
Harum - ” A member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Sansan'Nah - (palm branch ), one of the towns in the south district of Judah, named in ( Joshua 15:31 ) only
Nibshan - One of the six cities of Judah in the midbar , "wilderness," the low district adjoining the Dead Sea
Jotbah - It was probably in Judah, but the site is unknown
Kinah - A town in the extreme south of Judah ( Joshua 15:22 )
Manasseh (2) - —The well-known king of Judah, mentioned as a link in our Lord’s genealogy, Matthew 1:10
Betharabah - A city of Benjamin, or Judah, near the valley of the Jordan
Jearim - Mount on the northern border of Judah, on the side of which was CHESALON, q
Jehoaddan - Wife of Joash king of Judah, and mother of Amaziah
Ephron, Mount - A mount on which were 'cities' on the border line of Judah
Halhul - City in the highlands of Judah
Gaza - This was given by Joshua to Judah
Nezib - City in Judah
Jehudi - The servant of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, (Jeremiah 36:14) His name signifies, the Lord is my praise
a'Nub - (confederate ), son of Coz and descendant of Judah, through Ashur the father of Tekoa ( 1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Ish'Bah - (praising ), a man in the line of Judah, commemorated as the "father of Eshtemos
id'Bash - (stout ), one of the three sons of Abi-Etam, among the families of Judah
Sukkiim - Allies of Shishak in his invasion of Judah, 2 Chronicles 12:3 ; probably from region southeast of Egypt
Beth-pa'Let - (house of flight ), a town among those in the extreme south of Judah, named in ( Joshua 15:27 )
Jok'de-an - (possessed by the people ), a city of Judah, in the mountains, ( Joshua 15:56 ) apparently south of Hebron
Hesh'Mon - (rich soil ), a place named, with others, as lying in the extreme south of Judah
Aphe'Kah - (strong place ), a city of Judah, in the mountains ( Joshua 15:53 ) probably the same as APHEK , 1
Cal'Col - (sustenance ), a man of Judah, son or descendant of Zerah
Beth'Rapha - a name which occurs in the genealogy of Judah as the son of Eshton
Jalon - Lodger, the last of the four sons of Ezra, of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Jewry - In Daniel 5:13 it refers to Judah
Judea - In the general division of Canaan among the tribes, the southeast part fell to the lot of the tribe of Judah. With the increasing ascendency of that tribe the name of Judah covered a more extended territory, 2 Samuel 5:5 ; and after the secession of the ten tribes, the kingdom of Judah included the territory of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, with a part of that of Simeon and Dan. Judah thus occupied all the southern portion of Palestine, while the northern part was called Galilee, and the middle Samaria. After the captivity, as most of those who returned were of the kingdom of Judah, the name Judah, or Judea, was applied generally to the whole of Palestine, Haggai 1:1,14 2:2 ; and this use of the word has never wholly ceased. ...
The original territory of the tribe of Judah was an elevated plain, much broken by frequent hills, ravines, and valleys, and sinking into fine plains and pasture-grounds on the west and south, Zechariah 7:7 . ...
The "wilderness of Judea," in which John began to preach, and where Christ was tempted, seems to have been in the eastern part of Judah, adjacent to the Dead sea, and stretching towards Jericho, 2 Samuel 15:28
Jerahmeel - His descendants occupied southern Judah. The Geshurites, Gezrites, and Amalekites dwelt close to southern Judah, so that David's march against them seemed a march against southern Judah. land lies between the mountains of Judah and the Arabian desert (1 Samuel 27:10). The Kenites occupied the wilderness of Judah S
Timnah -
A town of Judah (Joshua 15:10 ). ...
...
A city in the mountains of Judah ( Ephah - A concubine of Caleb of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:46). Son of Jahdai (1 Chronicles 2:47) of Judah
Zabad - Son of Nathan, a descendant of Judah. Son of Shimeath, an Ammonitess: he assisted in slaying Joash, king of Judah
Ziklag - A city of Judah and Simeon, on the borders of the Philistines, Joshua 15:31 ; 19:5 , who held it until the time of Saul, when Achish king of Gath gave it to David. Hither many other refugees from Judah resorted, and David was thus enabled to aid Achish, and to chastise the Amalekites who had sacked Ziklag during his absence, 1 Samuel 27:1 - 6 ; 30:1-31 ; Nehemiah 11:28
Nah'Shon, - (enchanter ) son of Amminadab, and prince of the children of Judah (as he is styled in the genealogy of Judah,) ( 1 Chronicles 2:10 ) at the time of the first numbering in the wilderness
pa'Hath-mo'ab - (governor of Moab ), head of one of the chief houses of the tribe of Judah. Of the individual or the occasion of his receiving so singular a name nothing is known certainty but as we read in ( 1 Chronicles 4:22 ) of a family of Shilonites, of the tribe of Judah, who in very early times "had dominion in Moab," it may be conjectured that this was the origin of the name
Sansannah - ]'>[1] ‘the South’) allotted to Judah ( Joshua 15:31 )
Zibiah - The mother of Joash of Judah ( 2 Kings 12:1 (2) = 2 Chronicles 24:1 )
Ana'ni - (Protected by Jehovah ), the seventh son of Elioenai, descended from the royal line of Judah
Ephrathite - A citizen of Ephratah, the old name of Bethlehem (Ruth 1:2 ; 1 Samuel 17:12 ), or Bethlehem-Judah
Chesalon - Border-city of Judah on the N
Jedidah - ” Mother of Josiah king of Judah (2 Kings 22:1 )
Cain (2) - ) A city in the low hilly country (shephelah ) of Judah (Joshua 15:57)
Eltolad - Judah allotted to Simeon (Joshua 15:30; Joshua 19:4; 1 Chronicles 4:29 TOLAD)
Kithlish - A man's wall, a town in the plain of Judah (Joshua 15:40 )
Migdalgad - City in the lowlands of Judah
Nehushta - Copper, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem, and the wife of Jehoiakin (2 Kings 24:8 ), king of Judah
Siphmoth - One of David's haunts in southern Judah, to which he sent of the Amalekite spoil (1 Samuel 30:28)
Ephlal - ” Descendant of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:37 )
Meonothai - ” A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:14 )
Shimon - Original ancestor of clan in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Maarath - A town of Judah ( Joshua 15:59 )
Janum - A town of Judah in the mountain district near Hebron (Joshua 15:53)
Bunah - ” Member of clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:25 )
Laadah - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Zaanan - City in the lowlandsof Judah
Hezekiah - —One of the kings of Judah, mentioned in Mt
Athaiah - (uh' thawee' uh) Leader of tribe of Judah who lived in Jerusalem in time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:4 )
Janum - City in the highlands of Judah
Cherub - Place in the East from which some returned to the land of Judah
Iim - City in the extreme south of Judah
Socoh - Cityin the hill country of Judah
Shicron - end of the northern boundary of Judah (Joshua 15:11); between Ekron and Jabneel
Asa - —A king of Judah (circa (about) 918–878 b
Zorites - Family descended from Salma, a descendant of Judah
Tabeal - Father of one whom the kings of Syria and Israel proposed to make king of Judah
Ahar'Hel - (behind the breastwork ), a name occurring in an obscure fragment of the genealogies of Judah
Mek'Onah - (foundation ), one of the towns which were reinhabited after the captivity by the men of Judah
a'Mam - (gathering place ), a city in the south of Judah named with Shema and Moladah in ( Joshua 15:26 ) only
Aho'Lah - (my tabernacle ) two symbolical names, are described as harlots, the former representing Samaria and the latter Judah
Madmannah - A city near Gaza, first assigned to Judah, and afterwards to Simeon, Joshua 15:31 1 Chronicles 2:49
ji'Nah - (lamentation ), a city of Judah, on the extreme south boundary of the tribe, next to Edom
Hadat'Tah - According to the Authorized Version, one of the towns of Judah in the extreme south
Mig'Dal-Gad - (tower of Gad ), a city of Judah, ( Joshua 15:37 ) in the district of the Shefelah, or maritime lowland
Gederotha'im - (two sheepfolds ), a town in the low country of Judah, ( Joshua 15:36 ) named next in order to Gederah
jo'Kim - (whom Jehovah has set up ), one of the sons of Shelah the son of Judah
Nedabi'ah - (whom Jehovah impels ) apparently one of the sons of Jeconiah or Jehoiachin, king of Judah
Dimo'Nah, - a city in the south of Judah, (Joshua 15:22 ) perhaps the same as DIBON in (Nehemiah 11:25 )
Ephratah - ...
...
The ancient name of Bethlehem in Judah (Genesis 35:16,19 ; 48:7 ). In Ruth 1:2 it is called "Bethlehem-Judah," but the inhabitants are called "Ephrathites;" in Micah 5:2 , "Bethlehem-Ephratah;" in Matthew 2:6 , "Bethlehem in the land of Judah
Amon - Governor of Samaria when Jehoshaphat was king of Judah, who followed orders from the king of Israel and put the prophet Micaiah in prison (1 Kings 22:26 ). King of Judah (642 B. The people of Judah, in turn, killed the rebels
Tim'Nah -
A place which formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of the allotment of Judah. ...
A town in the mountain district of Judah. ...
Inaccurately written Timnath in the Authorized Version, the scene of the adventure of Judah with his daughter in-law Tamar. It may be identified either with the Timnah in the mountains of Judah No
Cozeba - ” Home of descendants of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:22 )
Tob-Adonijah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
zi'or - (smallness ), a town in the mountain district of Judah
Pelet -
A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:47 )
Jehoaddan - ” Mother of king Amaziah of Judah (2 Kings 14:2 )
Recah - (ree' cuh) Unidentified site in Judah (1 Chronicles 4:12 )
Chithlish - A town in the Shephelah of Judah
Chezib - Deceitful, a town where Shelah, the son of Judah, was born (Genesis 38:5 )
Ithnan - of Judah, bordering on the desert (Joshua 15:23-24; 1 Samuel 15:4)
Cabbon - Town in tribal allotment of Judah (Joshua 15:40 )
Malchiram - ” Son of King Jeconiah of Judah (1 Chronicles 3:18 )
Bozkath - A town of Judah ( Joshua 15:39 , 2 Kings 22:1 ), in the plain near Lachish and Eglon
Arab - A city of Judah in the mountains near Dumah
Coniah - Name given to Jehoiachin king of Judah, who was carried captive by Nebuchadnezzar
Bohan - Reubenite, after whom a stone was named on the border of Judah and Benjamin
Jecholiah, Jecoliah - Wife of Amaziah king of Judah, and mother of Azariah, or Uzziah
Shuah - Descendant of Judah
Maarath - City in the hill country of Judah
Hazarshual - Town in thesouth of Judah
Gederah - City in the lowlands of Judah
Anub - ” A member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Arab - City in the hill country of Judah
Aharhel - Son of Harum, of the tribe of Judah
ja'Gur - (lodging ),a town of Judah, one of those farthest to the south, on the frontier of Edom
je'Uel, - a chief man of Judah, one of the Bene-Zerah
Dilan - A town of Judah, in the same group with Lachish and Eglon
Dil'Ean - (gourd ), one of the cities in the lowlands of Judah
hi'Len - (place of caves ), the name of city of Judah allotted with its suburbs to the priests
Hazelelpo'ni - (shade coming upon me ), the sister of the sons of Etam in the genealogies of Judah
Asar'e-el - (whom God hath bound (by an oath)), a son of Jehaleleel, in the genealogies of Judah
Haza'Iah - (whom Jehovah sees ), a man of Judah of the family of the Shilonites, or descendants of Shelah
Kithlish - A town of Judah in the shephelah or lower hills (Joshua 15:40). (Deuteronomy 33:22; Judges 14:5), in the uplands of Judah on the E
Juda -
The patriarch Judah, son of Jacob (Luke 3:33 ; Hebrews 7:14 ). In Luke 1:39 ; Hebrews 7:14 ; Revelation 5:5 ; 7:5 , the word refers to the tribe of Judah
Jether - Son of Jada, of the tribe of Judah. Son of Ezra, of the tribe of Judah
Keilah - City inthe lowlands of Judah. One called 'the Garmite,' in the genealogy of Judah
Socoh or Shochoh - 1 1 Kings 4:10 , a town in the plain of Judah, near Azekah, famous for a battle of David and Saul with the Philistines, 1 Samuel 17:1 ; against whom Rehoboam fortified it, and by whom it was afterwards taken, 2 Chronicles 11:7 28:18 . A town in the mountains of Judah, south by west of Hebron, Joshua 15:48
Zephath - A Canaanitish city afterwards called Hormah, one of the "uttermost cities of Judah southwards," afterwards assigned to Simeon, Joshua 12:14 15:30 19:4 . The name is supposed to be traceable in Sufah, a long and rough pass leading from the south up into the mountains of Judah
Heshmon - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:27 )
Hadashah - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah situated in vicinity of Lachish (Joshua 15:37 )
Sheshan - Member of clan of Jerahmeel from tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:31-35 )
Abihail - The wife of Rehoboam, king of Judah, 2 Chronicles 11
Siph'Moth - (fruitful ), one of the places in the south of Judah which David frequented during his freebooting life
Shi'Mon - The four sons of Shimon are enumerated in an obscure genealogy of the tribe of Judah
Ben-Zoheth - ” Son of Ishi in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Ben-Hail - A prince sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Eshan - A town of Judah in the Hebron mountains, noticed with Arab and Dumah
Sansannah - A city of Judah, (Joshua 15:31) If Senah, a bush, it should seem to mean "the bush of the bush
Eshean - City in the mountains of Judah
Jerusha, Jerushah - Daughter of Zadok, wife of Uzziah, and mother of Jotham, king of Judah
Shearing-House - Place where Jehu slew forty-two of the royal family of Judah
Halhul - A city of Judah ( Joshua 15:58 )
Ziza - Son of Rehoboam king of Judah
Tekoa - Son of Ashur, or a city founded by Ashur, a descendant of Judah
Arbite - (ahr' bite) Native of Arab, a village in Judah near Hebron (Joshua 15:52 ), identified as modern er-Rabiyeh
Appaim - ” Member of clan of Jerahmeel of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:30-31 )
Lahmam - City in the lowlands of Judah
Netophah - City of Judah
ad'Adah - (festival or boundary ), one of the cities in the extreme south of Judah, named with Dimonah and Kedesh
Jehal'Ele-el - Four men of the Bene-Jehaleleel are introduced abruptly into the genealogies of Judah
Zaanan - Micah 1:11 , supposed to be the same as Zenan, Joshua 15:37 , a town in the plain country of Judah
Jews - The name borne by the Hebrews among foreign nations, especially after the return from Babylon; from Judah their ancestor
Col-ho'Zeh - (all-seeing ), a man of the tribe of Judah in the time of Nehemiah
Karka'a, - (foundation ), one of the landmarks on the south boundary of the tribe of Judah
Hum'Tah - (place of lizards ), a city of Judah one of those in the mountain districts the next to Hebron
Judah, Tribe of - Judah and his three surviving sons went down with Jacob into Egypt (Genesis 46:12 ; Exodus 1:2 ). At the time of the Exodus, when we meet with the family of Judah again, they have increased to the number of 74,000 males (Numbers 1:26,27 ). The inheritance of the tribe of Judah was at first fully one-third of the whole country west of Jordan, in all about 2,300 square miles (Joshua 15 ). But there was a second distribution, when Simeon received an allotment, about 1,000 square miles, out of the portion of Judah (Joshua 19:9 ). That which remained to Judah was still very large in proportion to the inheritance of the other tribes. ...
This territory given to Judah was divided into four sections. ...
The "hill-country," or the mountains of Judah, an elevated plateau stretching from below Hebron northward to Jerusalem. It was divided into the "wilderness of En-gedi" (1 Samuel 24:1 ), the "wilderness of Judah" (Judges 1:16 ; Matthew 3:1 ), between the Hebron mountain range and the Dead Sea, the "wilderness of Maon" (1 Samuel 23:24 ). Nine of the cities of Judah were assigned to the priests (Joshua 21:9-19 )
Judah, the Kingdom of - On the separation of the ten tribes, Judah and Benjamin formed a kingdom under the name of Judah. Benjamin being but a small tribe, the kingdom of Judah is sometimes spoken of as one tribe. Doubtless the territory of Simeon was also attached to Judah — that tribe being as it were lost in the land. ...
The temple being at Jerusalem, with the priests and Levites, Judah represented God's people and His government upon the earth; whereas the kingdom of Israel gave itself up at once to idolatry. ) The kingdom of Judah continued from B. It could not however be called the kingdom of Judah; only a remnant of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin returned. The children of Israel inhabiting Judaea in those days were the descendants of Judah and Benjamin (except any individuals who may have found their way thither from the ten tribes)
Dannah - ” Town assigned tribe of Judah in the hill country (Joshua 15:49 )
Sedekias - see), king of Judah
so'Cho - ( 1 Chronicles 4:18 ) Probably one of the towns called Socoh, in Judah, though which of the two cannot be ascertained
Maarath - Desolation, a place in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:59 ), probably the modern village Beit Ummar, 6 miles north of Hebron
Hamul - Spared, one of the sons of Pharez, son of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:5 )
Hazar-Gaddah - Village of fortune, a city on the south border of Judah (Joshua 15:27 ), midway between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea
Jalon - Member of tribe of Judah and son of otherwise unknown Ezra (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Bozkath - A city of the shephelah or low land of Judah (Joshua 15:39; 2 Kings 22:1), to which Josiah's grandmother belonged
Migdal Gad - An old sanctuary, probably of Gad, the god of fortune; in the shephelah or "low-rolling hills" of Judah (Joshua 15:37)
Hareph - ” Descendant of Caleb and thus member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:51 )
Hushah - Son of Ezer, the son of Hur (see Hur, 2 ), and therefore of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:4 )
Abishur - , "mason", one of the two sons of Shammai of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:28,29 )
Heshmon - Probably Azmon on the southern boundary of Judah (Numbers 34:4); but according to Conder El Meshash
Ben-Hanan - ” Son of Shimon in lineage of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Nedabiah - ” Son of Jeconiah, the exiled king of Judah (1 Chronicles 3:18 )
Adar (1) - Southern boundary of Judah and the Holy Land, called also Hazar-Addar: Joshua 15:3
Addar - A town on the border of Judah south of Beersheba ( Joshua 15:3 )
Zenan - A town in the low hills of Judah (the shephelah ) (Joshua 15:37)
Adithaim - ” City Joshua allotted to Judah (Joshua 15:36 )
Enam - City in the lowlands of Judah
Eltolad - City in the south of Judah, given to Simeon
Telem - City in the extreme south of Judah
Hadashah - City in the lowlands of Judah
ir'Nahash - (serpent city ), a name which, like many other names of places, occurs in the genealogical lists of Judah
ig'e-al - (whom God will avenge ), a son of Nehemiah; a descendant of the royal house of Judah
zo'Rites, the, - are named in the genealogies of Judah, (1 Chronicles 2:54 ) apparently among the descendants of Salma and near connections of Joab
Zohar - Also a son of Simeon, Genesis 38:30 , and a descendant of Judah, 1 Chronicles 4:7
Baal-Hazor - Where Absalom kept his flocks, 2 Samuel 13:23 , was near Ephraim, a city of Judah, some eight miles east of Jerusalem
e'Ther - (abundance ), one of the cities of Judah in the low country, the Shefelah , ( Joshua 15:42 ) allotted to Simeon
Hosh'Ama - (whom Jehovah hears ), one of the sons of Jeconiah or Jehoiachin, the last king but one of Judah
Jehaleleel -
A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:16 )
Eph'Ron, Mount - The "cities of Mount Ephron" formed one of the landmarks on the northern boundary of the tribe of Judah
Timnah - Town assigned to Dan (Joshua 19:43 ), located on the southern border with Judah (Joshua 15:10 ). The site is likely tell el-Batashi about four miles northwest of Beth-shemesh in Judah. Village in the hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:57 ). This Timnah was the likely scene of Judah's encounter with Tamar (Genesis 38:12-14 )
Rezin - The Israelite Pekah's ally, always mentioned first in the war against Ahaz of Judah (Isaiah 7:4-8; Isaiah 7:8; Isaiah 17:1; 2 Kings 15:37; 2 Kings 16:5-9). Rezin wrested from Judah Elath on the gulf of Akabah of the Red Sea. His aim had been to put a creature of his own on the throne of Judah, "the son of Tabeal
Kenizzite - The Kenizzites lived in the Negev, the southern desert region of Judah, before the conquest of the land by Joshua. The tribe of Judah absorbed some of the Kenizzites while Edom absorbed others. Jephunneh the Kenizzite may have married a woman of the tribe of Judah
Socoh, Soco, Shocho - Town in southern Judah hill country used as a fortification against people approaching from the south (Joshua 15:35 ). A town in the southern hill country of Judah about ten miles southwest of Hebron (Joshua 15:48 ) at khirbet Shuweikeh. A native of Judah, the son of Heber ( 1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Kirjath-Jearim - One of the four cities of the Gibeonites, Joshua 9:17, situated on the border of Judah and Benjamin, Joshua 15:9; Joshua 18:14-15, but belonging to Judah, Joshua 15:60; Judges 18:12; was also called Baalah, Joshua 15:9-10, or Baale of Judah, 2 Samuel 6:2, or Kirjath-baal
Jehoiada - ...
...
The high priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah. He married Jehosheba, or Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram (2 Chronicles 22:11 ), and took an active part along with his wife in the preservation and training of Jehoash when Athaliah slew all the royal family of Judah. He was among the foremost of the benefactors of the kingdom, and at his death was buried in the city of David among the kings of Judah (2 Chronicles 24:15,16 )
Shobal - A Calebite family in the tribe of Judah. This Shobal is called in 1 Chronicles 4:1-2 a ‘son’ of Judah, and in 1 Chronicles 2:50 ‘son’ of Caleb and ‘father’ of Kiriath-jearim
Enshemesh - ) A spring on the border between Judah and Benjamin, N. of Judah, S
Berechiah - Descendant of the royal family of Judah. Son of Meshillemoth: he opposed the captives from Judah being brought into Samaria
Geruth - ” Fugitives stopped there near Bethlehem on their way to Egypt fleeing from Ishmael, who had killed Gedaliah, whom Babylon had appointed governor of Judah after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B. It may have represented the first stop across the border from Judah into Egyptian-controlled territory
Azrikam - Officer in charge of palace for Ahaz, king of Judah. Zicri, a soldier in Israel's army, killed him when Israel attacked Judah about 741 B
Chariots of the Sun - Other translations speak of horses the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun. The Assyrians called the sun god, “chariot rider,” so this could represent statuary introduced when Judah began to pay tribute to the Assyrian kings
Helah - ” Wife of Ashur in the tribe of Judah (1Chronicles 4:5,1 Chronicles 4:7 )
Chelub - A descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:11 )
Chesalon - Near Kiriath-jearim on the border of Judah ( Joshua 15:10 )
Ishbah - ” Member of tribe of Judah known as father of town of Eshtemoa (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Uthai - Son of Ammihud, a descendant of Judah
Machbenah - A town of Judah, colonized by the family of Maachah (1 Chronicles 2:49)
Anim - Fountains, a city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:50 ), now el-Ghuwein, near Eshtemoh, about 10 miles south-west of Hebron
Debir (2) - King of Eglon (a town in the lowland of Judah), one of the five hanged by Joshua (Joshua 10:3; Joshua 10:23)
Zior - Littleness, a city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:54 ); the modern Si'air, 4 1/2 miles north-north-east of Hebron
Salt, the City of - One of the cities of Judah (Joshua 15:62 ), probably in the Valley of Salt, at the southern end of the Dead Sea
Rachal - Traffic, a town in the tribe of Judah, to which David sent presents from the spoils of his enemies (1 Samuel 30:29 )
Shua -
A Canaanite whose daughter was married to Judah (1 Chronicles 2:3 )
Temeni - ” Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:6 )
Chozeba - (1 Chronicles 4:22 ), the same as Chezib and Achzib, a place in the lowlands of Judah (Genesis 38:5 ; Joshua 15:44 )
ti'Lon - (gift ), one of the four sons of Shimon, whose family is reckoned in the genealogies of Judah
Zibiah - ” Mother of king Jehoash (Joash) of Judah (2 Kings 12:1 ; 2 Chronicles 24:1 )
Lahmam - A town of Judah ( Joshua 15:40 ), possibly mod
Giloh - A town in the hills of Judah (Joshua 15:51); the native place of Ahithophel (2 Samuel 15:12; 2 Samuel 17:23)
Anab - A town once belonging to the Anakim, in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 11:21); still so-called; ten miles S
Chozeba - City of Judah
Bethdagon - Town of Judah, probably, by its name, near to the Philistines
Sheshan - A chief of Judah, whose family was sustained in the tribe by his daughter's marriage to his Egyptian servant
Secacah - City 'in the wilderness' of Judah
Ahaz - —One of the kings of Judah (circa (about) 735–720 b
Amon - —A king of Judah (circa (about) 640 b
a'Zem, - (bone ), a city in the extreme south of Judah, ( Joshua 15:29 ) afterwards allotted to Simeon
ah'Ban - ( 1 Chronicles 2:29 ) He was of the tribe of Judah
Ith'Nan - (given ), one of the towns in the extreme south of Judah
Nehush'ta - (brass ), the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem, wife of Jehoiakim and mother of Jehoiachin, kings of Judah
Beth'-Anoth - (house of echo ), a town in the mountainous district of Judah, named with Halhul, Beth-zur and others in ( Joshua 15:58 ) only
Beth-ga'Der - (house of the wall ), doubtless a place, though it occurs in the genealogies of Judah as if a person
Dod'Avah - (love of the Lord ), a man of Maresha in Judah; father of Eliezer, who denounced Jehoshaphat's alliance with Ahaziah
Had'Ashah - (new ), one of the towns of Judah, in the maritime low country, ( Joshua 16:37 ) only, probably the ADASA of the Maccabean history
Nib'Shan - (soft soil ) one of the six cities of Judah, ( Joshua 15:62 ) which were in the district of the Midbar (Authorized Version "wilderness")
Adullam - ” City five miles south of Beth-shemesh in Judah, probably modern Tell esh-Sheikh Madkur. Hirah, a friend of Judah, son of Jacob, was from Adullam (Genesis 38:1 , Genesis 38:12 ). He took the sheep Judah had pledged to Tamar and discovered Tamar did not live where they first encountered her (Genesis 38:20-22 ). Micah, the prophet, used David's experience almost 300 years later to warn his people that again their glorious king would have to flee to the caves of Adullam to escape an enemy who would take possession of the country because of Judah's sin (Micah 1:15 ). In his build up of Judah's defenses King Rehoboam, Solomon's son, rebuilt Adullam's defenses, stationed soldiers, and stored supplies at Adullam (2 Chronicles 11:7 ). After returning from the Exile, some members of the tribe of Judah lived at Adullam (Nehemiah 11:30 )
Hathath - ” Son of Othniel in the family line of Caleb and the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:13 )
Hazor-Haddattah - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:25 )
Tob-Adonijah - Good is Jehovah, my Lord, a Levite sent out by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people of Judah in the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Jokdeam - ” City in tribal territory of Judah, possibly modern khirbet Raqqa near Ziph (Joshua 15:56 )
Beth-Birei - of Judah
Elisheba - Amminadab's daughter; sister of Nahshon, captain of Judah (Numbers 2:3)
Zaanan - It may be identified with Zenan, in the plain country of Judah (Joshua 15:37 )
Eker - ” Son of Jerahmeel and grandson of Hezron in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:27 )
Hazaiah - ” Member of tribe of Judah and ancestor of Jerusalem descendants in Nehemiah's day (Nehemiah 11:5 )
Telem - of Judah (Joshua 15:24)
Chilion - An Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah (formerly Ephrath, Genesis 35:19)
Beth-Anoth - A town in the mountains of Judah near Gedor
Adoraim - A fortress built by Rehoboam in Judah (2 Chronicles 11:9)
Adadah - A city of Judah in the Negeb; perhaps a corrupt reading for Ararah, i
Aruboth - The third commissariat district of Solomon, probably the rich corn-growing country in the Shephelah or low hills of Judah
Zoheth - Son of Ishi (1 Chronicles 4:20 ) and the head of one of the families in Judah
Gederoth - City in the lowlands of Judah
Sheshai - One of Anak's three sons at Hebron, driven out and slain by Caleb leading Judah (Numbers 13:22; Joshua 15:14; Judges 1:10)
Keilah - A town of Judah
Aditha'im - (double ornament ), a town belonging to Judah, lying in the low country, and named, between Sharaim and hag-Gederah, in ( Joshua 15:36 ) only
Jez're-el - (seed of God ), a descendant of the father or founder of Etam, of the line of Judah
a'Chor, Valley of - ( Joshua 7:24,26 ) On the northern boundary of Judah, (Joshua 15:7 ) near Jericho
Nathan-Melech - An officer in the court of Manasseh, king of Judah, 2 Kings 23:11
Azmon - An unknown place on the border of Judah ( Numbers 34:4 , Joshua 15:4 ); called in Joshua 15:29 ; Joshua 19:3 Ezem
el'Teknon - (God its foundation ), one of the towns of the tribe of Judah in the mountains
Mid'Din - (measures ), a city of Judah, ( Joshua 15:61 ) one of the six specified as situated in the district of "the midbar" (Authorized Version "wilderness")
Jez're-el - (seed of God ), a descendant of the father or founder of Etam, of the line of Judah
Ben-ha'il - (son of the host, strong ), one of the princes whom King Jehoshaphat sent to teach in the cities of Judah
Jecholi'ah - (strong through Jehovah ) wife of Amaziah king of Judah, and mother of Azariah or Uzziah his successor
Jekab'ze-el - (what God gathers ), a fuller form of the name of KABZEEL , the most remote city of Judah on the southern frontier
Jeho-ad'Dan - (Whom Jehovah adorns ), queen to King Josiah, and mother of Amaziah of Judah
Amasi'ah - (whom Jehovah bears ), son of Zichri and captain of 200,000 warriors of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Jor'a-i - (whom Jehovah teaches ), one of the Gadites dwelling at Gilead in Bashan, in the reign of Jothan king of Judah
Gar'Mite, the - the descendant of Gerem, is mentioned in the obscure genealogical lists of the families of Judah
Jozachar - One of those who killed Joash, or Jehoash, king of Judah
Iim -
A city in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:29 )
Jether - Father of Amasa, army leader under Judah (1Kings 4:5,1 Kings 4:32 ), and descended from Ishmael (1 Chronicles 2:17 ; compare 2 Samuel 17:25 ). Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Jerahmeelite - While dwelling with the Philistines, David told them he was fighting in the territory of the Jerahmeelites (1 Samuel 27:10 ), making Achish, the Philistine king, think he was fighting against parts of Judah, while he actually fought the other groups in the south who opposed Judah—Geshurites, Gezrites, Amalekites (1 Samuel 27:8 )
Geharashim - ” A member of the genealogy of Judah and Caleb in 1 Chronicles 4:14 , a list which often includes place names. This might indicate that descendants of Judah and Caleb had once occupied territory in Benjamin
Jotham - A king of Judah in the time of Isaiah. We know nothing of him except that he rebuilt or ornamented one of the gates of the Temple ( 2 Kings 15:35 ), and that the hostilities which later culminated in the invasion of Judah began before his death ( 2 Kings 15:37-38 )
Tamar - Wife of Er and Onan, and by Judah, mother of Pharez and Zarah. City on the south-east of Judah
Isa'Iah, - The Hebrew name signifies Salvation of Jahu (a shortened form of Jehovah), He prophesied concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, ( Isaiah 1:1 ) covering probably 758 to 698 B
Micaiah - A prince of Judah, who seconded the efforts of Jehoshaphat to instruct and reform the people of Judah, 2 Kings 17:7-9
Jew - It is corrupted from Judah . 937, the southern portion was called by the name of the powerful tribe of Judah, which composed most of its inhabitants. This religion, developed during the Exile, bore the name of the kingdom of Judah
Jehoahaz - ” Two kings of Judah and one king of Israel bore this name. In 2 Chronicles 21:17 , the son and successor of Jehoram as king of Judah (841 B. In 2 Kings 23:30 , the son and successor of Josiah as king of Judah (609 B
Eli'Akim - ) Eliakim was a good man, as appears by the title emphatically applied to him by God, "my servant Eliakim," (Isaiah 22:20 ) and also in the discharge of the duties of his high station, in which he acted as a "father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. " (Isaiah 22:21 ) ...
The original name of Jehoiakim king of Judah. ) ...
Eldest son of Abiud or Judah; brother of Joseph, and father of Azor
Hazor-Hadattah - New Hazor, a city in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:25 )
Gizonite - A name given to Hashem, an inhabitant of Gizoh, a place somewhere in the mountains of Judah (1 Chronicles 11:34 ; 2 Samuel 23:32,34 )
Dilean - A city of the shephelah or low country of Judah (Joshua 15:38), meaning gourd or cucumber
Karka - ” A city on the southern border of Judah (Joshua 15:3 ; KJV has Karkaa)
Machbenah - (mak bee' nuh) A descendant of Caleb or a village in Judah, possibly identical with Meconah, inhabited by descendants of Caleb (1 Chronicles 2:49 )
Judah (2) - JUDAH
Asarel - ” A member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:16 )
Jekabzeel - City in the extreme south of Judah
i'im - (Numbers 33:45 ) ...
A town in the extreme south of Judah
Adar - A place on the south boundary of Judah
Jabez - A descendant of Judah, whose high distinction among his brethren seems to have been owing to his prevalence in prayer, 1 Chronicles 4:9-10 ...
Recorder - Or remembrancer, a sort of registrar of affairs at the court of Judah, 2 Samuel 8:16 ; 1 Kings 4:3 ; 2 Kings 18:18
Zanoah - The name of two towns in Judah, Joshua 15:34,56
Jerah'me-Elites - ( 1 Samuel 27:10 ) They dwelt in the south of Judah
Dan'Nah, - a city in the mountains of Judah, (Joshua 15:49 ) and probably south or southwest of Hebron
Divided Kingdom - The two political states of Judah and Israel that came into existence shortly after the death of Solomon and survived together until the fall of Israel in 722 B. The Northern Kingdom, known as Israel, and the Southern Kingdom, known as Judah, were operated as separate countries from approximately 924 B. Neither Judah nor Israel had the ability to maintain the empire that David and Solomon had built. From the religious perspective, Judah and Israel continued the apostate practices of Solomon. The beginning of the dividend kingdom marked the beginning of the end for the nations of Judah and Israel as influential entities in Palestine
Ahaziah - Israel and Judah, the northern and southern parts of the divided Israelite kingdom, each had a king named Ahaziah. When the godly King Jehoshaphat of Judah cooperated with the ungodly Ahaziah in establishing a shipping fleet, God wrecked the ships. Through the Judean Jehoram and his wife Athaliah, the Baalism of Ahab and Jezebel spread to Judah. When Jehoram of Judah died, his son Ahaziah came to the throne (840 BC; 2 Chronicles 21:1; 2 Chronicles 21:5-6; 2 Chronicles 22:1-2). Being very much under the influence of his mother, Ahaziah promoted Baal worship in Judah (2 Chronicles 22:3-4)
Shiloh (1) - The Messianic interpretation is evaded by translated "until he (Judah) shall come to Shiloh," Judah leading in the march (Numbers 2:3-9; Numbers 10:14); and when Israel came to Shiloh they pitched the tabernacle there (Joshua 18:1-10), and Judah's principality ceased. But the town Shiloh did not exist in Jacob's time, and Judah did not lose the preeminence there; nor indeed did Judah, but Moses and Aaron, lead Israel in the wilderness. ...
The taxing (Luke 2:1-2) on the eve of Jesus' birth definitely marked the passing of the sceptre (the tribal authority and royal prominence) and of the lawgiver (the Sanhedrin expounders of the law, literally, the ruler's staff, mechoqeeq ; Numbers 21:18) from Judah, which virtually had begun some time before, and which was consummated only at Jerusalem's overthrow by Rome. The Herods, though Rome's creatures, exercised a quasi-native sovereignty in Judah just before and after Jesus' birth. Keil's view however is probably preferable: "the sceptre shall not depart from Judah . " Judah should bear the sceptre with "lion" courage until in the future Shiloh, sprung from Judah, the willing obedience of the nations came to Him, and His rule over the tribes was widened into the peaceful government of the world
Zaanan - ” Unidentified city in southermost Judah (Micah 1:11 ), probably identical with Zenan (Joshua 15:37 )
Migdal-Gad - Tower of fortune, a town in the plains of Judah, probably the modern el-Mejdel, a little to the north-east of Ascalon (Joshua 15:37 )
Mekonah - ) A town with daughter villages, reinhabited after the captivity by men of Judah (Nehemiah 11:28)
Jagur - ” Village on southeastern border of tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:21 )
Jokim - ” An early member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:22 )
Eder - Town in the south of Judah
Dannah - A city in the mountains of Judah, S
Kinah - An elegy, a city in the extreme south of Judah (Joshua 15:22 )
Nezib - A town in the Shephçlah of Judah ( Joshua 15:43 ); the present Beit Nusib , 7 Roman miles from Eleutheropolis on the road to Hebron
Sham'ma-i - (1 Chronicles 2:44,45 ) ...
One of the descendants of Judah
Chesil - Ungodly, a town in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:30 ); probably the same as Bethul (19:4) and Bethuel (1 Chronicles 4:30 ); now Khelasa
Chesalon - of Judah
Bethhogla, Bethhoglah - Border city between Judah and Benjamin belonging to the latter
Bethtappuah - City in the mountainous district of Judah, near Hebron
Hodiah - One of the wives of Ezra, of Judah
Calcol - Son of Zerah, descendant of Judah
Anab - A city of Judah in the Negeb hills ( Joshua 11:21 ; Joshua 15:50 ), inhabited first by the Anakim
Arbathite - ‘A native of Beth-arabah,’ a town in the wilderness of Judah ( Joshua 15:6 ; Joshua 15:51 ; Joshua 18:22 )
Ephesdammim - Place in Judah, the scene of the death of Goliath in the valley of Elah
Shema (1) - A town of Judah (Joshua 15:26), deriving its origin from Hebron, and in its turn colonizing Maon (1 Chronicles 2:43-45; Joshua 15:26)
Anim - ” City given tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:50 )
Jerusha - The mother of Jotham, son of Uzziah king of Judah
Ahuma'i - cowardly ), Son of Jabath, a descendant of Judah, and head of one of the families of the Zorathites
a'Nab - (grape-town ), a town in the mountains of Judah, ( Joshua 15:50 ) named with Debir and Hebron as once belonging to the Anakim
Chitlish - It was a city of the tribe of Judah near Lachish (Joshua 15:40 )
Joktheel - A city of Judah, Joshua 15:38 ...
2
Baalis - He caused the assassination of Gedaliah, then governor of Judah, Jeremiah 40:14 ; 41:1 - 10
ha'Reph - (a plucking off ), a name occurring in the genealogies of Judah as a son of Caleb and as "father of Bethgader
Jiph'Tah - (whom God sets free ), one of the cities of Judah in the maritime lowland, or Shefelah
Appa'im - or Ap'paim ( the nostrils ), son of Nadab, and descended from Jerahmeel, the founder of an important family of the tribe of Judah
Jorai - Among those "reckoned by genealogies" in the days of Jotham king of Judah and Jeroboam II of Israel (1 Chronicles 5:13; 1 Chronicles 5:17)
Shearjashub - Isaiah apparently named him (and his brother, Mahershalalhashbaz) as an embodiment of prophecy, that Judah would fall, but a remnant would survive. On one occasion, Shearjashub accompanied his father on a trip to assure King Ahaz that the alliance of Syria and Israel would not be allowed to harm Judah (Isaiah 7:3-7 )
Tap'Push -
A city of Judah, of the Shefelah or lowland. ) ...
One of the sons of Hebron, of the tribe of Judah
Joktheel -
A city of Judah near Lachish (Joshua 1538,38 ). ...
...
Amaziah, king of Judah, undertook a great expedition against Edom (2 Chronicles 25:5-10 ), which was completely successful
Jezaniah - Army captain loyal to Gedaliah, the governor Babylon appointed over Judah immediately after Babylon destroyed Jerusalem and took the Jewish leaders into Exile about 586 B. Jezaniah was one of the captains who refused to believe Jeremiah's prophecy calling the people to remain in Judah
Calcol - A man of Judah, descended from Zerah (1 Chronicles 2:6). However, if Mahol is a proper name, he is their immediate father, Zerah their ancestor, of the great family of Pharez of Judah
en-Rimmon - ” A town in Judah (Nehemiah 11:29 ) where people lived in Nehemiah's day (about 445 B. Ain and Rimmon or Remmon appear as separate cities in the tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:32 ), settled by the tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:7 )
Hazezon Tamar - ) Perhaps this was "the city of palm trees" (Judges 1:16) (though Jericho is generally called so: Deuteronomy 34:3), from which the Kenites, the tribe of Moses' father-in-law, went into the wilderness of Judah with the children of Judah
Jehizkiah - At the prophet Oded's command he was one of those who withstood the returning warriors who wanted to keep their 200,000 brethren of Judah in captivity and the spoil taken by the Israelite king Pekah in one victory (2 Chronicles 28:8-12). Jehizkiah and his noble helpers shod and clothed the naked, gave them to eat and drink, and carried all the feeble on donkeys to Jericho, on their way back to Judah (2 Chronicles 28:15)
Achor - It lay on the boundary between Judah and Benjamin ( Joshua 15:7 etc. of Jericho, probably formed the boundary between Judah and Benjamin
Adullam - A city in the Shephelah, assigned to Judah; named between Jarmuth and Socoh ( Joshua 15:35 etc. Rehoboam fortified it ( 2 Chronicles 11:7 ), and the children of Judah returned to it after the captivity ( Nehemiah 11:30 )
Tamar - ...
Tamar, Daughter-in-law of Judah: (a) Originally married to Judah's son Er. After Onan, too, she seduced Judah and bore him twin sons, Zerach and Peretz (progenitor of King David)
Shaaraim -
A city in the plain of Judah (1 Samuel 17:52 ); called also Sharaim (Joshua 15:36 )
Bethlebaoth - of Judah
Shi'Cron - (drunkenness ), one of the landmarks at the western end of the north boundary of Judah
Hazar-Shual - ("fox or jackal village"); in southern Judah, between Hazar-Gaddah and Beersheba (Joshua 15:28; Joshua 19:3; 1 Chronicles 4:28; Nehemiah 11:27); now Saweh
Lecah - (lee' cuh) Personal name meaning “go!” Apparently the original ancestor for whom a town in Judah was named (1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Dannah - A town of Judah mentioned next to Debir and Socoh
Azem - City on the south of Judah, afterwards allotted to Simeon
Ashan - Levitical city in Judah
Imri - Son ofBani, of the tribe of Judah
Ahumai - ” Member of clan of Zorathites of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:2 )
Arab - ” A city in the hill country of Judah near Hebron (Joshua 15:52 )
Kabzeel - There was a city in the south of Judah called by this name
ze'Nan - (pointed ), a town in the allotment of Judah, situated in the district of the Shefelah
Reaiah - Son of Shobal, a son of Judah
Eshtemoa - A city of the priests in Judah, Joshua 15:50 ; 21:14 ; 1 Samuel 30:28 ; traced by Robinson in the modern village Semua, south of Hebron
Jehosheba - The aunt of Joash, king of Judah, whose life in infancy and childhood she saved, in spite of the designs of Athaliah, 2 Kings 11:1 - 3
Jorkoam - A place in Judah, near Hebron, of which Raham was prince (1 Chronicles 2:44; Jarchi)
Timnah - Judah, S. It is possible that this was the Timnah visited by Judah at the time of sheep-shearing ( Genesis 38:12 ). frontier of the tribe of Judah between Beth-shemesh and Ekron ( Joshua 15:10 )
Manasseh, King of Judah - Of all Judah’s kings, Manasseh was by far the worst. Fifty-five years of his rule corrupted Judah to the extent that its destruction was inevitable (2 Kings 21:10-16). ...
Towards the end of Manasseh’s reign, Assyria attacked Judah and took Manasseh captive. Even the sweeping reforms of Josiah a few years later were not able to rid Judah of Manasseh’s evil (2 Kings 23:24-27)
Naked - In 2 Chronicles 28:19 the words "he made Judah naked" (A. ), but Revised Version "he had dealt wantonly in Judah," mean "he had permitted Judah to break loose from all the restraints of religion
Standard - Thus the standard of Judah is called the standard of the camp of Judah, which was on the east; the camp of Reuben on the south; the camp of Ephraim on the west; and the camp of Dan on the north. The Rabbis say that the standard of Judah resembled a lion (cf
Ziph - A city in the south of Judah. A town in the highlands of Judah, Joshua 15:55; fortified by Rehoboam. A descendant of Judah
Jehoiachin - ” In 2 Kings 24:6 , the son and successor of Jehoiakim as king of Judah. He retained the title “king of Judah” even in Exile, but he never returned to Judah to exercise rule there
Athali'ah - (afflicted of the Lord ) daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah and introduced into that kingdom the worship of Baal. ) After the great revolution by which Jehu seated himself on the throne of Samaria she killed all the members of the royal family of Judah who had escaped his sword. (2 Chronicles 24:6 ) The child was brought up under Jehoiada's care, and concealed in the temple for six years, during which period Athaliah reigned over Judah
Jotham - Son and successor of Uzziah, or Azariah, king of Judah: he reigned sixteen years: B. He erected the high gate of the house of the Lord, and built much on Ophel; also in the mountains of Judah he built cities, castles, and towers. Son of Jahdai, a descendant of Judah
Athaliah - Wife of Jehoram, king of Judah, and mother of Ahaziah, king of Judah. She brought the northern court's devotion to Baal to the court of Judah. She managed to rule Judah for six years (2 Kings 11:1-4 ), being the only woman to do so
Shishak - A king of Egypt, who declared war against Rehoboam king of Judah in the fifth year of his reign. He entered Judah, B. One of these figures, with Jewish features, has an inscription, which Campollion interprets, "kingdom of Judah. " Several other symbols are thought to denote as many walled towns of Judah, captured by Shishak
Israelites - Ephraim, the leading tribe among the ten, seems to have shown an early spirit of rivalry towards Judah; Joshua had belonged to Ephraim, the ark had long rested within its borders at Shiloh, and Jeroboam was also an Ephraimite. After the division, in order to prevent the ten tribes from repairing to Jerusalem to worship, the two golden calves were set up, at Bethel and Dan, and thus idolatry was established in those tribes, and corruption and ungodliness increased more rapidly than in Judah. Those who did return were merged in the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and with them constituted the Jews of our Savior's day. See CANAAN , HEBREWS , and Judah
Nezib - A town in the "plain" of Judah
Hazar-Susah - Village of the horse, the same as Sansannah, one of Solomon's "chariot cities" (Joshua 15:31 ; 2 Chronicles 1:14 ), a depot in the south border of Judah
Zephathah - A valley in the west of Judah, near Mareshah; the scene of Asa's conflict with Zerah the Ethiopian (2 Chronicles 14:9-13 )
Maarath - A town of Judah in the hills (Joshua 15:58-59); not far from Hebron
Beth-Ashbea - (behth-assh' bih uh) Place of unknown location in Judah known for clans of linen workers, thus giving evidence of craft guilds in Israel (1 Chronicles 4:21 )
Tob-Adoni'Jah - (Adonijah the good ), one of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah to teach the law to the people
Rumah - Probably Dumah, a town in the mountains of Judah near Hebron (Joshua 15:52)
Rachal - One of David's haunts in southern Judah in his flight from Saul
Ben-Hesed - One of Solomon’s twelve commissariat officers who had charge of a district in Judah ( 1 Kings 4:10 )
Zarhites - Family of Zarah, or Zerah, son of Judah
Chelub - Apparently a descendant of Judah, and father of Mehir
Ahuzam - ” A member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:6 )
Hamul - A son of Perez and grandson of Judah ( Genesis 46:12 = 1 Chronicles 2:5 , Numbers 26:1 )
Jorkeam - A Judahite family name ( 1 Chronicles 2:44 ). We should perhaps read Jokdeam , the name of an unidentified place in the Negeb of Judah ( Joshua 15:56 )
Elisheba - She was of the tribe of Judah, and her marriage with Aaron united the priestly and royal tribes
Nephtoah, Waters of - A spring that formed the boundary of Judah and Benjamin
Jew - ) Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the Babylonish captivity, any member of the new state; a Hebrew; an Israelite
Zophar - Job 2:11, is called the Naamathite, probably because he belonged to Naamah, Joshua 15:41, a town assigned to Judah
Chezib - ” Birthplace of Shelah, son of Judah and Shuah, a Canaanite (Genesis 38:5 )
Ziph - A city of Judah, four miles south-east of Hebron; near it were wild fastness in which David for a long time lay hid, 1 Samuel 23:14,15
Jor'ko-am - (paleness of the people ), either a descendant of Caleb the son of Hezron, or the name of a place in the tribe of Judah
Jash'Ubi-le'Hem - (turner back for food ), a person or a place named among the descendants of Shelah, the son of Judah by Bath-shua the Canaanitess
Jehoash - The most important of them all were the two kings who ruled during the time of the divided kingdom, one over Judah and the other over Israel. ...
To avoid confusion, Jehoash of Judah is often referred to as Joash. When his father Ahaziah was killed, the mother of Ahaziah killed Ahaziah’s children and seized the throne of Judah. This woman, Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, then established her parents’ Baalism in Judah. ...
The most influential person in Judah at that time was Jehoiada the high priest, who trained and instructed Joash. God’s judgment fell upon Judah in the form of a costly invasion by Syria. He was chiefly remembered for a battle with Judah that he tried to avoid
Ahaz - Politically and religiously, Ahaz’s reign over Judah was disastrous. ...
To resist the Assyrian threat, Israel and Syria asked Judah to join them in a three-part defence alliance. When Ahaz refused, Israel and Syria attacked Jerusalem, planning to put a king of their own choice on Judah’s throne. In the short term, Assyrian help might save Jerusalem, but in the long term it would bring Judah under the power of Assyria (2 Kings 16:5; 2 Kings 16:7-9; Isaiah 7:1-9; Isaiah 8:5-8). )...
Ahaz’s policies during the war with Israel-Syria almost ruined Judah’s national economy. He almost lost thousands more as prisoners, but a prophet told the Israelites to send all the prisoners, and all the loot, back to Judah (2 Chronicles 28:8-15). ...
In addition to damaging Judah’s political and economic standing, Ahaz corrupted Judah’s religion. He worshipped the gods of the foreigners who had shown such strength in battle, and introduced their religion into Judah. He built a copy of their altar of sacrifice to replace the existing altar of sacrifice in the Jerusalem temple (2 Kings 16:10-16; 2 Chronicles 28:22-24), and built shrines for the foreign religions throughout the towns of Judah (2 Chronicles 28:25). ...
Ahaz did such harm to Judah’s national life, that the nation’s leaders refused to give him a burial place among the royal tombs (2 Chronicles 28:27). His son and successor Hezekiah soon began a vigorous reformation of Judah (2 Kings 18:1-6)
Lion - ...
The idea of a Lion of the Tribe of Judah is problematic because the fundamental passage (Revelation 5:5 ) is grammatically ambiguous and because there is no exact antecedent parallel. First, it is unclear whether in Revelation 5:5 we have one title of Christ (Lion of the Tribe of Judah) or two titles standing in apposition (The Lion; The One of the Tribe of Judah). In Genesis 49:9 there is no lion of Judah; rather, Judah is a lion. In 2 (4) Esdras 11:37; 12:1,31 the Messiah is pictured as a lion, but not specifically of Judah. In the Testament of Judah 24:5 the Messiah is from Judah but not specifically as a lion. Given the imprecision in the alleged parallels, the cautious interpreter would not make much of the tradition that combines "lion" and "of the Tribe of Judah" into one idea, but rather would understand Jesus the Lamb to be called Messiah under two images derived from separate traditions
Azariah - Son and successor of Amaziah as king of Judah (792-740 B. Great grandson of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:8 ). A member of the clan of Jerahmeel in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:38-39 ). ) courage to restore proper worship in Judah (1 Kings 4:2 ). Two sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (873-848 B. Son of Jehoram, king of Judah (852-841) according to 2 Chronicles 22:6 , but the correct name is probably Ahaziah as in 2 Kings 8:29 . Two military commanders of 100 men who helped Jehoiada, the high priest, depose and murder Athaliah as queen of Judah and install Joash as king (835-796). High priest who led 80 priests to oppose King Uzziah of Judah (792-740) when he tried to burn incense in the Temple rather than let the priests. ), who rescued captives Pekah had taken from Judah, cared for their physical needs, and returned them to Jericho (2 Chronicles 28:5-15 ). A Levite whose son Joel helped cleanse the Temple under Hezekiah, king of Judah (715-686) (2 Chronicles 29:12-19 ). A leader of Judah, possibly a priest, who marched with Nehemiah and others on the walls of Jerusalem to celebrate the completion of rebuilding the city defense walls (Nehemiah 12:33 )
Segub - ...
...
A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:21,22 )
Beth-Anoth - House of answers, a city in the mountainous district of Judah (Joshua 15:59 )
Jozachar - Jehovah-remembered, one of the two servants who assassinated Jehoash, the king of Judah, in Millo (2 Kings 12:21 )
Telem - ...
...
A town in the southern border of Judah (Joshua 15:24 ); probably the same as Telaim
Giloh - Town in the highlands of Judah, the native place of Ahithophel
Ismachiah - ” Priest and administrator in the Temple under Cononiah and Shimei when Hezekiah was king of Judah (2 Chronicles 31:13 )
Racal - (ray' cawl) Unidentified site in southern Judah (1 Samuel 30:29 )
Makaz - slopes of Judah ( 1 Kings 4:9 )
Zior - A town in the hill-country of Judah ( Joshua 15:54 )
Eder - of Judah, on Edom's border (Joshua 15:21)
Moza - Descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:46 )
Jephunneh - Father of Caleb, of the tribe of Judah
Hezekiah - Son of Neariah, of the royal house of Judah
Siphmoth - City in the south of Judah, to the elders of which David sent some of the spoil he had taken from the Amalekites
Anim - A town of Judah, in the mountains near Eshtemoh
a'Moz - (strong ), father of the prophet Isaiah, and, according to rabbinical tradition, brother of Amaziah king of Judah
Berachah - Blessing, a beautiful valley between Tekoa and Etham, where Jehoshaphat and all Judah held a thanksgiving for their miraculous victory over the Moabites and Ammonites, 2 Chronicles 20:26
Mach'Benah - Sheva, the father of Machbena, is named in the genealogical list of Judah as the offspring of Manchah, the concubine of Caleb ben-Hezron
pe'Rez - The "children of Perez," or Pharez, the son of Judah, appear to have been a family of importance for many centuries
Hodi'ah - (majesty of Jehovah ), one of the two wives of Ezra, a man of Judah
Joktheel - City in the lowlands of Judah
Eleasah - Son ofHelez, a descendant of Judah
Hostage - When King Joash of Israel defeated King Amaziah of Judah, he took hostages (2 Kings 14:14 ; 2 Chronicles 25:24 )
Onan - Strong, the second son of Judah (Genesis 38:4-10 ; Compare Deuteronomy 25:5 ; Matthew 22:24 )
Gibeah of Judah - (Joshua 15:57 ), a city in the mountains of Judah, the modern Jeba, on a hill in the Wady Musurr, about 7 1/2 miles west-south-west of Bethlehem
Secacah - Enclosure, one of the six cities in the wilderness of Judah, noted for its "great cistern" (Joshua 15:61 )
Baalis - He hired Ishmael to slay Gedaliah who had been appointed governor over the cities of Judah
Beth-Tappuah - A town of Judah in the Hebron mountains (see Tappuah in 1 Chronicles 2:43 )
Ether - A town of Judah noticed with Libnah, apparently near the plain of Philistia, given to Simeon, and near Rimmon
Hoshaiah - Leader of the princes of Judah at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem
Abijam - , "seaman" the name always used in Kings of the king of Judah, the son of Rehoboam, elsewhere called Abijah (1Kings 15:1,7,8)
Jarmuth - JARMUTH or JARAMOTH...
This was one of the cities of Judah, which lay in the way to Jerusalem
Eshtaol - A town on the western border of Judah, afterwards given to Dan, Joshua 15:33 ; 19:41
lm'ri -
A man of Judah, of the great family of Pharez
Hasadi'ah - (loved by Jehovah ) one of a group of five persons among the descendants of the royal line of Judah, ( 1 Chronicles 3:20 ) apparently sons of Zerubbabel
Athai'ah - (whom Jehovah made ), a descendant of Pharez, the son of Judah, who dwelt at Jerusalem after the return from Babylon, ( Nehemiah 11:4 ) called UTHAI in (1 Chronicles 9:4 )
Shamir - Town in hill country of Judah assigned to tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:48 )
Enam - A city of the shephelah or lowland of Judah (Joshua 15:34). " It lay on the road from Judah's dwelling place to Timnath. on an ancient road from Adullam, the very road by which Judah would have come from Adullain to Timnah
Socho - A fence; hedge, (1 Chronicles 4:18 ; RSV, Soco)=So'choh (1 Kings 4:10 ; RSV, Socoh), Sho'choh (1 Samuel 17:1 ; RSV, Socoh), Sho'co (2 Chronicles 11:7 ; RSV, Soco), Sho'cho (2 Chronicles 28:18 ; RSV, Soco), a city in the plain or lowland of Judah, where the Philistines encamped when they invaded Judah after their defeat at Michmash
Heber - He separated himself ( Judges 4:11 ) from his Bedouin caste of Kenites or nomad smiths, whose wanderings were confined chiefly to the south of Judah, and settled for a time near Kedesh on the plain to the west of the Sea of Galilee. A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Jarmuth - A town in the shephelah or low hills (not "the plain ") of Judah (Joshua 15:35). Occupied by children of Judah on the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 11:29)
Manahath - City of tribal territory of Judah according to earliest Greek text of Joshua 15:59 , there called Manocho, probably el-Malcha in the hill country of Judah three miles southwest of Jerusalem
Ziklag - a city of the Philistines, first assigned to the tribe of Judah, and afterward to that of Simeon, Joshua 15:31 ; Joshua 19:5 ; but it does not appear that the Philistines were ever driven out; as, when David fled into their country from Saul, Achish gave the city to him, 1 Samuel 27:5-6 . But it appears to have been rebuilt, as the author of the First Book of Samuel, when relating its being given to David, adds, that it pertained to the kings of Judah in his time
Ekron - The most northerly of the five cities of the Philistines, Joshua 13:3; in the lowlands of Judah, Joshua 15:11; conquered by Judah, Joshua 15:45; allotted to Dan, Joshua 19:43; reconquered by Samuel, 1 Samuel 5:10; 1 Samuel 7:14; again a Philistine city, 1 Samuel 17:52; 2 Kings 1:2; Jeremiah 25:20; Amos 1:8; Zechariah 9:5; now called Akir, on a hill 12 miles southeast of Joppa, a wretched village of about 50 mud hovels
Rehoboam - His insolent conduct hastened the political crisis which resulted in the division of the Hebrew kingdom into the two kingdoms of Judah and Israel. Within five years of Rehoboam's accession to the throne, the kingdom of Judah was invaded by Shishak, king of Egypt, who desolated the country, and made it tributary to Egypt, and Shishak's victory is noted in the great temple at Karnak
Ziklag - Ziklag (zĭk'lăg), outpouring of a fountain? A city in the south of Judah, Joshua 15:31; afterward given to Simeon, Joshua 19:5. Achish, king of Gath, gave it to David, and it subsequently belonged to Judah
Mol'Adah - (birth, race ), a city of Judah, one of those which lay in the district of "the south. " ( Joshua 15:26 ; 19:2 ) In the latter tribe it remained at any rate till the reign of David, (1 Chronicles 4:28 ) but by the time of the captivity it seems to have come back into the hands of Judah, by whom it was reinhabited after the captivity
Pha'Rez - 5:6), twin son, with Zarah or Zerah, of Judah and Tamer his daughter-in-law. Pharez occupied the rank of Judah's second son, and from two of his sons sprang two new chief houses, those of the Hezronites and Hamulites. From Hezron's second son Ram, or Aram, sprang David and the kings of Judah, and eventually Jesus Christ
Micha'Iah - (Nehemiah 12:41 ) ...
The daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, wife of Rehoboam and mother of Abijah king of Judah. (2 Chronicles 13:2 ) [1] ...
One of the princes of Jehoshaphat whom he sent to teach the law of Jehovah in the cities of Judah
Uthai - A family of Judah after the Captivity ( 1 Chronicles 9:4 ) = Nehemiah 11:4 Athaiah
Sansannah - A palm branch, or a thorn bush, a town in the south (the negeb) of Judah (Joshua 15:31 ); called also Hazarsusah (19:5), or Hazar-susim (1 Chronicles 4:31 )
Beth-Tappuah - ” Town assigned tribe of Judah in Judean hills (Joshua 15:53 )
Hilen - City in Judah assigned to the priests
je'Red - (1 Chronicles 1:2 ) ...
One of the descendants of Judah signalized as the "father" --i
Hez'Ronites - (Numbers 26:6 ) ...
A branch of the tribe of Judah, descendants of Hezron the son of Pharez
e'Pha-i - (gloomy ), a Netophathite, whose sons were among the "captains of the forces" left in Judah after the deportation to Babylon
Joz'Achar - (whom Jehovah has remembered ), one of the murderers of Joash king of Judah
Naph'Tali, Mount, - the mountainous district which formed the main part of the inheritance of Naphtali, (Joshua 20:7 ) answering to "Mount Ephraim" in the centre and "Mount Judah" in the south of Palestine
Hachilah - A place in Judah near Ziph, and where David with his 600 followers hid
Timnath - Timnathah, which is appropriately rendered in the Revised Version, Timnah, a town in Judah
Zarhite - (zahr' hite) KJV form of Zerahites, descendants of Zerah, one of the two twins born to Judah by Tamar (Numbers 26:20 ; compare 1 Chronicles 9:6 ; Nehemiah 11:24 )
Adoraim - A town in the south of Judah, fortified by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:9
Moladah - Birth, a city in the south of Judah which fell to Simeon (Joshua 15:21-26 ; 19:2 )
Hophra - 591-572) in the time of Zedekiah, king of Judah (Jeremiah 37:5 44:30 ; Ezekiel 29:6,7 )
Iphtah - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah in the Shephelah (Joshua 15:43 )
Jarha - Egyptian slave used by his master Sheshan to maintain the family line in clan of Jerahmeel and tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:34-35 )
Telem - City in southern Judah (Joshua 15:24 ), a variant form of Telaim
Hephzi-Bah - The mother of Manasseh, king of Judah ( 2 Kings 21:1 )
Sec'Acah, - (thicket ), one of the six cities of Judah which were situated in the Midbar ("wilderness"), that is, the tract bordering on the Dead Sea
Zenan - ” Village in the Shephelah (wilderness) district of Judah (Joshua 15:37 ), likely identified with Araq el-Kharba
Onan - Second son of Judah by a Canaanitess, 'daughter of Shua': he was slain by Jehovah for his sin
Shilonites - Designation of Asaiah and his sons, probably as forming a part of the family of SHELAH, son of Judah
Anab - City mentioned with Debir and Hebron in the mountains of Judah, where the Anakims dwelt
Leb'Aoth - (lionesses ), a town which forms one of the last group of the cities of "the south" in the enumeration of the possessions of Judah, ( Joshua 15:32 ) probably identical with Beth-lebaoth
Engannim - A town of Judah, probably near Bethel, Joshua 15:34
Salmon - Or SALMAH 1 Chronicles 2:11 , a chief man of the tribe of Judah, husband of Rahab, and father of Boaz, Ruth 4:20 Matthew 1:4,5 Luke 3:32
he'Math - (heat ), a person or place named in the genealogical lists of Judah, as the origin of the Kenites, and the "father" of the house of Rechab
Pase'ah -
Son of Eshton, in an obscure fragment of the genealogies of Judah
ra'Chal - (trade ), ( 1 Samuel 30:29 ) a town in the southern part of the tribe of Judah, one of the towns to which David sent presents out of the spoil of the Amalekites
Beth-Shemesh -
A sacerdotal city in the tribe of Dan (Joshua 21:16 ; 1 Samuel 6:15 ), on the north border of Judah (Joshua 15:10 ). It was the scene of an encounter between Jehoash, king of Israel, and Amaziah, king of Judah, in which the latter was made prisoner (2 Kings 14:11,13 ). It is the modern ruined Arabic village 'Ain-shems, on the north-west slopes of the mountains of Judah, 14 miles west of Jerusalem
Judaea - "Judah") is in Ezra 5:8; it is alluded to in Nehemiah 11:3(A. "Judah"); in the Apocrypha the word "province" is dropped, and throughout it and in the New Testament the expressions are the "land of Judæa" and "Judæa. See Canaan, Palestine, and Judah
Zik'Lag - It is first mentioned in the catalogue of the towns of Judah in ( Joshua 15:31 ) and occurs, in the same connection among the places which were allotted out of the territory of Judah to Simeon. (2 Samuel 2:1 ) Ziklag is finally mentioned as being reinhabited by the people of Judah after their return from captivity
ha'Zer, - Ezekiel 47:17 ; 48:1 ...
HAZAB GADDAH (village of fortune ), one of the towns in the southern district of Judah, ( Joshua 15:27 ) named between Moladah and Heshmon. ...
HAZAR-SHUAL (village of jackals ), a town in the southern district of Judah, lying between Hazar-gaddah and Beersheba. ( Joshua 15:28 ; 19:3 ; 1 Chronicles 4:28 ) ...
HAZAR-SUSAH (village of horses ), one of the "cities" allotted to Simeon in the extreme south of the territory of Judah
Aaronites - Thirteen cities were assigned to them, in Judah and Benjamin, Joshua 21:13-19 ; 1 Chronicles 6:57-60
Joram - ...
...
Jehoram, the son and successor of Jehoshaphat on the throne of Judah (2 Kings 8:24 )
Madmenah - Not the city in Simeon, or southern Judah, (See MADMANNAH , but a Benjamite village N
Treasure Cities - ) Towns in which the treasures of the kings of Judah were kept were so designated ( 1 Chronicles 27:25 )
Shua - Father-in-law of Judah (Genesis 38:2 ; 1 Chronicles 2:3 )
Kabzeel - A town in the extreme south of Judah, on the border of Edom ( Joshua 15:21 , 2 Samuel 23:20 ); called in Nehemiah 11:25 Jekabzeel
Chorashan - City in Judah where David was wont to haunt, and to which he sent some of his spoils taken in war
Oded - Prophet in Samaria who protested against the captives from Judah being brought into the city
Madmannah - City of Judah near Ziklag
Salt, City of - One of the six cities in the wilderness that fell to the lot of Judah
Aholibah - A symbolical name for Judah
Elish'Eba - ( Exodus 6:23 ) She was the daughter of Amminadab, and sister of Nahshon the captain of the host of Judah
bo'Han, Stone of, - a stone erected in honor of Bohan on the boundary between Judah and Benjamin, in the valley of Achor, along the eastern side of the present Wady Dahr , running into the Dead Sea
Jehonathan - ...
...
A Levite who taught the law to the people of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Gur - ” An unidentified mountain road near Ibleam where Jehu's men caught up with and mortally wounded Ahaziah, king of Judah (841 B
Hamutal - ” Mother of King Jehoahaz (2 Kings 23:31 ) and King Zedekiah (2 Kings 24:18 ) of Judah
Elimelech - Inhabitant of Bethlehem-judah, husband of Naomi, and father-in-law of Ruth
Dilean - ” Village in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:38 )
Elishaphat - ) as king of Judah (2 Chronicles 23:1 )
Hazor-Hadattah - ’ The place was in the Negeb of Judah, but the site is unknown
Cinneroth, All - " Laid waste by Benhadad king of Damascus, ally of Asa king of Judah (1 Kings 15:20)
Ephes-Dammim - The place in Judah where the Philistines were encamped at the time when David slew Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:1 )
Zara, Zarah, Zerah - Son of Judah and Tamar
Adoraim - A city of Judah fortified by Rehoboam on the S
Jeconiah - Another form of JEHOIACHIN king of Judah
Jattir - City in the highlands of Judah, allotted to the priests
Hazarsusah, or Hazarsusim - City in the extreme south of Judah, allotted to Simeon
Balah - An unknown town of Simeon; perhaps identical with Bealoth ( Joshua 15:24 ) and Bilhah ( 1 Chronicles 4:29 ); called Baalah in Joshua 15:29 , where it is assigned to Judah
Gede'Rah - (a sheepfold ), a town of Judah in the lowland country, ( Joshua 15:36 ) apparently in its eastern part
gi'Loh - (exile ), a town in the mountainous part of Judah, named in the first group with Debir and Eshtemoh, ( Joshua 16:51 ) it was the native place of the famous Ahithophel
Beth-Leb'Aoth - (house of lionesses ), a town in the lot of Simeon, ( Joshua 19:6 ) in the extreme south of Judah
Eshtaol - ” Town in lowlands of Shephelah of Judah allotted to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:33 ) but also to the tribe of Dan (Joshua 19:41 )
Geba - ), on the north border of Judah near Gibeah (Isaiah 10:29 ; Joshua 18:24,28 ). "From Geba to Beersheba" expressed the whole extent of the kingdom of Judah, just as "from Dan to Beersheba" described the whole length of Palestine (2 Kings 23:8 )
en-Rogel - ” A border town between the tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:7 ) and that of Benjamin (Joshua 18:16 ). Adonijah staged a party there to proclaim himself as David's successor as king of Judah (1 Kings 1:9 )
Gederah - ” A village in the Shephalah or valley of Judah (Joshua 15:36 ). The home of one of David's soldiers (1 Chronicles 12:4 ) apparently belongs in Benjamin (1 Chronicles 12:2 ), but he may have been living in Judah before joining David at Ziklag
Ziph - A city of Southern Judah ( Joshua 15:24 ). A city in the hill-country of Judah ( Joshua 15:55 ); fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:8 )
Heber (2) - The Kenites migrated with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah at the time of the conquest of Canaan (Judges 1:16)
Urijah - A faithful prophet, from Kirjathjearim in Judah, in the time of Jehoiakim. He confirmed the predictions of Jeremiah against Judah; and having fled to Egypt for refuge from the enraged king, and been sent back by Pharaoh-necho on demand, he was wickedly slain and dishonorably buried, Jeremiah 26:20-23
Zerah - Son of Judah and Tamar, Genesis 38:30 ; called Zara in Matthew 1:3 . A Cushite king who invaded Judah with an immense army in the reign of Asa, 2 Chronicles 14:9-13
Eltekon - ” Village in tribal territory of Judah in southern hill country (Joshua 15:59 )
Secacah - A town mentioned ( Joshua 15:61 ) among the possessions of Judah ‘in the wilderness’ ( midbâr )
Hazar-Shual - Village or enclosure of the jackal, a city on the south border of Judah (Joshua 15:28 ; Nehemiah 11:27 )
Bealoth - Citizens, a town in the extreme south of Judah (Joshua 15:24 ); probably the same as Baalath-beer (19:8)
Pannag - "Judah and Israel supplied thy market with wheat" The Septuagint translated "cassia," Syriac translated "millet
Garmite - (gahr' mite) A title or designation meaning, “my bone” used for Keilah in the line of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:19 )
Shimon ben chalafta - (2century CE) One of the last Mishnaic sages, pupil of Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Judah the Prince, a colleague of Rabbi Hiyya
Shimon ben halafta - (2century CE) One of the last Mishnaic sages, pupil of Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Judah the Prince, a colleague of Rabbi Hiyya
Simeon ben halafta, rabbi - (2century CE) One of the last Mishnaic sages, pupil of Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Judah the Prince, a colleague of Rabbi Hiyya
Baalis - (bay' uh lihss) Personal name of king of Ammon who sent Ishmael to kill Geduliah, governor of Judah immediately after Babylon captured Jerusalem and sent most of Judah's citizens into the Exile (Jeremiah 40:14 )
Calcol - 1 Chronicles 2:6 makes him a grandson of Judah, the son of Jacob
Azubah - Queen mother of Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:42 ), king of Judah (873-848 B
Ithrites - Designation of Ira and Gareb, two of David's mighty men, described as among 'the families of Kirjath-jearim,' which links them with Judah
Helez - Son of Azariah, of the tribe of Judah
Jerahmeel - Son of Hezron, a descendant of Judah
Sheshan - Descended from Jerahmeel, Hezron's son, representing a chief family of Judah
Paarai - "of Arab", in the mountains of Judah; Joshua 15:52): 2 Samuel 23:35
a'Shan - (smoke ), a city in the low country of Judah
City of Salt - A city allotted to the tribe of Judah “in the desert” (Joshua 15:62 )
Keilah - A city in the plains of Judah, which David once relieved from a siege by the Philistines, but which afterwards sought to deliver him up to Saul, 1 Samuel 23:1-13 ; Nehemiah 3:17
de'Kar - Ben Dekar, was Solomon's commissariat officer in the western part of the hill-country of Judah and Benjamin, Shaalbim and Bethshemesh
ge'Dor - (a wall ), a town int he mountainous part of Judah, ( Joshua 15:58 ) a few miles north of Hebron
el-Tolad - (God's kindred ), one of the cities in the south of Judah, ( Joshua 15:30 ) allotted to Simeon, (Joshua 19:4 ) and in possession of that tribe until the time of David
Jabez -
A descendant of Judah, of whom it is recorded that "God granted him that which he requested" (1 Chronicles 4:9,10 )
Beth-Hoglah - In Benjamin, on the border of Judah
Janum - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:53 ) near Hebron
Ephai - Ishmael kille these "captains of the forces" left in Judah with Gedaliah, the governor appointed by the Babylonians (Jeremiah 41:3)
Ashnah - Two cities of Judah, both in the shephelah or low hills
Mekonah - ” KJV form of Meconah, town in southern Judah between Ziklag and Ain-rimmon (Nehemiah 11:28 )
Migdal-Gad - ” Village near Lachish in the Shephelah district of Judah (Joshua 15:37 )
Uthai - Postexilic descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 9:4 )
She'Lah -
The youngest son of Judah
Salt, City of, - the fifth of the six cities of Judah which lay in the "wilderness
Shilo'ni - This word occurs in the Authorized Version only in (Nehemiah 11:5 ) where it should be rendered --as it is in other cases-- "the Shilonite," that is the descendant of Sheluh the youngest son of Judah
Maroth - ” Town in lowlands of Judah which would be attacked as invading armies approached Jerusalem (Micah 1:12 )
Nezib - ” Village in the Shephelah district of Judah (Joshua 15:43 )
Onam - Ancestor of a family of Jerahmeelites, a subclan of Judah (1Chronicles 2:26,1 Chronicles 2:28 )
Shobab - Son of Caleb and ancestor of clan in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:18 )
Nahashon the son of amminadab - Leader of the Tribe of Judah during the Israelites� sojourn in the desert
Anim - A city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:50)
Baalperazim - Name given by David to a place in Judah near the valley of Rephaim, where he defeated an army of the Philistines
Joda - A Levite ( 1Es 5:58 ); called in Ezra 3:9 Judah ; elsewhere Hodaviah , Ezra 2:40 ; Hodevah , Nehemiah 7:43 ; Sudias , 1Es 5:26
Giloh - A city of Judah, Joshua 15:50 ; where Ahithophel, David's counselor dwelt; and where, after his treason against David, and the rejection of his counsel by Absalom, he hung himself, 2 Samuel 15:12 ; 17:23
e'Lah, the Valley of - ( 1 Samuel 17:2,19 ) It lay somewhere near Socoh of Judah and Azekah, and was nearer Ekron than any other Philistine town
Jews, Judaism - Judah the Patriarch . Judah initially referred to the fourth son of Jacob (Israel) by his wife, Leah. Direct references to the patriarch Judah are limited to the Book of Genesis. In the brotherly conspiracy to eliminate Joseph, Judah recommended selling Joseph to a passing caravan of Ishmaelites rather than killing him, and his brothers agreed (Genesis 37:26-28 ). ...
Later, Judah moves west to Adullam, away from the Jacob clan, where he married a Canaanite woman. According to custom, she should have become wife of Judah's youngest son; however, Judah feared that Shelah might also die, so through a ploy Judah denied Tamar her due. Subsequently, Tamar became pregnant by Judah by means of deception, bearing him twin sons, Perez and Zerah (Genesis 38 ). David was a Judahite through Perez. The one notable descendant of Judah through Zerah was Achan, who brought calamity on the Israelites when he took booty from Jericho at the time of the conquest (Joshua 7:1,18,24 ). ...
Judah went to Egypt with his brothers for food in both expeditions (Genesis 42:3 ; 43:3-5 ). When the extended family of Jacob immigrated to Egypt, Judah's family was in the retinue while he was in the advance party (Genesis 46:12,28 ). ...
The blessing of Jacob suggests the significant future role Judah's descendants were destined to play. Judah died and was buried in Egypt (Exodus 1:6 ). The name appears frequently in the Old Testament to identify the tribe of Judah. Bezalel, the chief artisan in beautifying the tabernacle, was of the tribe of Judah (Exodus 31:2 ). The third tribe mentioned in the census of Numbers is Judah (Numbers 1:7 ), and they possessed the largest group of fighting men (Numbers 1:26 ). The tribal contingent led by Judah was first in the line of march through the wilderness (Numbers 2:3-9 ), and Caleb of Judah joined Joshua, of the tribe of Ephraim, in bringing back a good report about the trip of the twelve spies into Canaan. In the second census, Judah was still the predominant tribe (Numbers 26:22 ). The division of the land takes the size of the tribe into account, allotting a large region to Judah. Smaller tribal groups and clans within the tribal boundaries were in time absorbed into Judah—Kenites (Judges 1:16 ), Kenazzites (1:11-15), Simeonites (1:17), Jerahmeelites, and Othnielites. The tribal elements of Judah were united under the rule of David at Hebron (2 Samuel 2:4,11 ), and he subsequently united the kingdoms of Judah and Israel (2 Samuel 5:3 ). David was addressed as "king of Israel" by Michal (2 Chronicles 36:13-2044 ), but after the division of the kingdom upon the death of Solomon, Rehoboam bore the title "king of Judah" (1 Kings 14:21 ). The rulers of the southern kingdom continued to bear that title; the last to be called king of Judah was the captive Jehoiachin (2 Kings 25:27 ). ...
Israel and Judah . The title "king of Israel" was comparable to "king of Judah" during the period of the two kingdoms; however, the name "Israel" also could connote the whole people of God, including Judah. ...
The political distinction between Judah and Israel apparently developed early in the period of David, but following the demise of the northern kingdom, prophets and poets continued to speak of Israel, obviously including the people of Judah (Psalm 76:1 ; Isaiah 1:3-4 ; 5:7 ; Jeremiah 2:1-4 ). Isaiah referred to "both houses of Israel" (8:14), and Jeremiah, in prophetic speech intended for those in exile, referred to Judah as the "Virgin Israel" (31:21). Other postexilic writers also employed the expression "Israel" in reference to the nonpolitical, cultic community of the exiled people of Judah (Ezra 2:70 ; Nehemiah 7:73 ). In Babylonia, those exiled from the kingdom of Judah adapted the Israelite religion, which had been bound to territory and temple, transforming Yahwehism into a universalistic early Judaism. The Judahites became the Jews in Babylon. References to Judah are contained in quotations from or references to the Old Testament, frequently related to Jesus as the fulfillment of ideas or statements in the Hebrew Bible. Genesis provides hardly a hint that Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, would providentially become the conduit through which God would fulfill his promises to Abraham. The biblical biography of Judah is not pleasant reading. Yet it was through Perez, one of the twin sons born to Tamar and fathered by Judah, that David's lineage is traced, and ultimately that of Jesus, the Messiah (Matthew 1:3-6 ). ...
The dynasty of David and the kingdom of Judah survived intact for over four centuries before it succumbed to the destructive power of Nebuchadnezzar's army. And in exile the people of Judah became the Jews, the people of the Book, transforming the territorial temple-centered religion of their forefathers into a uNIVersal religion devoted to the worship of the one true God
Salt, City of - A city of Judah ( Joshua 15:61-62 )
Jared - Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:18 ; English translations usually spell the same Hebrew word Jered here rather than Jared)
Baalis - He hired Ishmael to slay Gedaliah, who was appointed by the king of Babylon governor over the cities of Judah (Jeremiah 40:14)
Mahlon - An Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah, son of Elimelech and Naomi
Middin - ” Village in the wilderness district of Judah (Joshua 15:61 )
Chesil - of Judah (Joshua 15:30). Perhaps the same as Bethul, of Simeon, within Judah's inheritance, or Bethuel (Joshua 19:4; 1 Chronicles 4:30; 1 Samuel 30:27), "Bethel" among the cities of the extreme S
Balah - Location in southwest Judah is unknown
Kinah - ” A city in the southeast of Judah near the boundary of Edom (Joshua 15:22 )
Nehushta - ” Mother of King Jehoiachin of Judah (2 Kings 24:8 )
Nibsan - ” Town assigned to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:62 )
Jehovahtsidkenu - Name, signifying 'Jehovah our righteousness,' to be given to the Lord Jesus when He reigns over restored Judah and Israel in the millennium
South Ramoth - of Judah; resorted to by David toward the close of his wanderings, and rewarded with a share of the Amalekite spoil (1 Samuel 30:27)
Jehoaddan - Mother of Amaziah king of Judah
ab'di-el - (the servant of God ), son of Guni and father of Ahi, one of the Gadites who were settled in the land of Bashan, ( 1 Chronicles 5:15 ), in the days of Jotham king of Judah
Gederah - A city in the plain of Judah, Joshua 15:36 , probably the same with the preceding Geder, and with Beth-Gader, 1 Chronicles 2:51
Aze'Kah - (dugover ), a town of Judah, with dependent villages, lying in the Shefelah or rich agricultural plain
Mana'Hetbites - "Half the Manahethites" are named in the genealogies of Judah as descended from Shobal, the father of Kirjath-jearim ( 1 Chronicles 2:52 ) and half from Salma, the founder of Bethlehem
Beth-Hog'la - (partridge-house ), and Holg'lah a place on the border of Judah, ( Joshua 15:6 ) and of Benjamin
Maroth - of Judah ("bitternesses")
Mareshah - Possession, a city in the plain of Judah (John 15:44 )
Jehudijah - ” TEV reads, “from the tribe of Judah” (1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Sha-Ara'im - (two gates ), a city in the territory allotted to Judah, ( Joshua 15:36 ) in Authorized Version incorrectly Sharaim
Shi'Lonites, the, - are mentioned among the descendants of Judah dwelling in Jerusalem at a date difficult to (1 Chronicles 8:5 ) They are doubtless the members of the house of Shelah, who in the Pentateuch are more accurately designated Shelanites
Hodaviah - Head of "the children of Hodaviah" or Hodevah (who returned with Zerubbabel); akin to the name Judah (Ezra 2:40; Ezra 3:9, margin; Nehemiah 7:43)
Laishah - The name of a place connected with Gallim, and mentioned here along with other localities in Benjamin and Judah
Shobal - Son of Judah and father of Reaiah 1 Chronicles 4:1,2
Sochoh, Socoh, Shocho, Shochoh, Shoco - City in the shephelah, or plain of Judah
Ith'Rite - ( 2 Samuel 23:38 ; 1 Chronicles 11:40 ) They may have come from Jattir, in the mountains of Judah
a'Thach - ( 1 Samuel 30:30 ) As the name does not occur elsewhere, it has been suggested that it is an error of the transcriber for Ether, a town in the low country of Judah
Libnah - a city in the southern part of the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:42 , of which a cession was made to the priests for their habitation, and which was declared a city of refuge, 1 Chronicles 6:57
Beth-Mar'Caboth - (house of the chariots ), one of the towns of Simeon, situated to the extreme south of Judah
Elishama - An ancestor with royal bloodlines of Ishmael, the person who murdered Gedaliah and took over political control of Judah immediately after Babylon had destroyed Jerusalem (2 Kings 25:25 ). A descendant of the clan of Jerahmeel in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41 ). He taught the book of the law to the people of Judah at the king's request (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Amaziah - Eighth king of Judah, son of Joash, began to reign B. Having established himself in his throne and slain the murderers of his father, he mustered a host of 300,000 men of Judah, and hired 100,000 men of Israel, for a war upon Edom. A priest of the golden calf at Bethel, who denounced the prophet Amos to Jeroboam, and sought to banish him into Judah for his fidelity, Amos 7:10-17
Ziklag - A town in the Negeb, or south country of Judah (Joshua 15:31 ), in the possession of the Philistines when David fled to Gath from Ziph with all his followers. From this time it pertained to the kings of Judah (1 Samuel 27:6 ). Conder, however, identifies it with Khirbet Zuheilikah, ruins found on three hills half a mile apart, some seventeen miles north-west of Beersheba, on the confines of Philistia, Judah, and Amalek
Gedor - Town in hill country of Judah allotted to tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:58 ). The genealogy of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4:1 includes city names among the list of “sons
Shi'Loh - In the Authorized Version of the Bible Shiloh is once used as the name of a person, in a very difficult passage, in (Genesis 49:10 ) "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. [2] It might be translated "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, till he shall go to Shiloh. " In this case the allusion would be to the primacy of Judah in war, (Judges 1:1,2 ; 20:18 ; Numbers 2:3 ; 10:14 ) which was to continue until the promised land was conquered and the ark of the covenant was solemnly deposited at Shiloh
Asahel - Asahel was sent out along with several princes, other Levites, and priests to teach the people of Judah the book of the law of God (2 Chronicles 17:8 ). A Levite under Hezekiah, the king of Judah following Ahaz. The father of Jonathan who along with Jahaziah opposed Ezra's direction for the men of Judah to separate themselves from the foreign wives they had married
Jehu - See also 1618100555_2) It should seem, that this Jehu, was a faithful servant of the Lord, in thus reproving both the kings of Judah and Israel. In 2 Chronicles 2:18, it is said, that this prophet wrote the records of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah. There are two other Jehus mentioned in Scripture, Jehu the fourth son of Rehoboam, king of Judah, (2 Chronicles 11:19) and Jehu the son of Obed
Judae'a, - (from Judah), a territorial division which succeeded to the overthrow of the ancient landmarks of the tribes of Israel and Judah in their respective captivities. The word first occurs (Daniel 5:13 ) Authorized Version "Jewry," and the first mention of the "province of Judea" is in the book of Ezra, (Ezra 5:8 ) It is alluded to in (Nehemiah 11:3 ) (Authorized Version "Judah")
Shi'Loh - In the Authorized Version of the Bible Shiloh is once used as the name of a person, in a very difficult passage, in (Genesis 49:10 ) "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. [2] It might be translated "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, till he shall go to Shiloh. " In this case the allusion would be to the primacy of Judah in war, (Judges 1:1,2 ; 20:18 ; Numbers 2:3 ; 10:14 ) which was to continue until the promised land was conquered and the ark of the covenant was solemnly deposited at Shiloh
Jehoahaz - Three kings in Israel and Judah had the name Jehoahaz. He had a brief three-month reign over Judah (609 BC) in the kingdom’s closing years. Pharaoh Necho, having just defeated and killed Josiah, considered himself the overlord of Judah and would not accept Jehoahaz as king
Hazazon-Tamar - captured the city and then attacked Jehoshaphat of Judah (873-848 B. Some Bible students think Hazazon-tamar was actually located six miles north of Engedi at wadi Hasasa, while others point to Tamar in southern Judah, Kasr Ejuniyeh or ain Kusb, twenty miles southwest of the Dead Sea
Salt, Valley of - This valley (the' Arabah) is between Judah and Edom on the south of the Dead Sea. It is conjectured that while David was leading his army against the Ammonites and Syrians, the Edomites invaded the south of Judah, and that David sent Joab or Abishai against them, who drove them back and finally subdued Edom
Lehi - " In Judah, between Philistia and the cliff Etam, now Beit Likiyeh, a village on the northern side of the wady Suleiman; at the entrance of the hill country of Judah, the outermost stronghold toward the S
Maon - Village in the hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:55 ). The site of Maon has been identified with tell Ma'in about eight miles south of Hebron in the vicinity of Carmel of Judah (compare 1 Samuel 25:2 ) and with khirbet el-Ma'in twenty-five miles northwest of Beersheba
Zanoah - A town in the low hall country (shephelah ) of Judah (Joshua 15:34; Nehemiah 11:30; repairers of the wall, Nehemiah 3:13). Za nutah is probably identical with another Zanoah; a town in the mountain region of Judah (Joshua 15:56), enumerated with Maon, Carmel, and Ziph S
Amos - The third of the minor prophets was a shepherd of Tekoa, a small town of Judah. He prophesied concerning Israel, in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Jeroboam the Second, king of Israel, about b
Ferry Boat - (2 Samuel 19:18 ), some kind of boat for crossing the river which the men of Judah placed at the service of the king
Gimzo - A place fertile in sycamores, a city in the plain of Judah, the villages of which were seized by the Philistines (2 Chronicles 28:18 )
Beth-Hoglah - ” Border city between tribes of Judah and Benjamin (Joshua 15:6 ; Joshua 18:19 ,Joshua 18:19,18:21 )
Geliloth - It appears to correspond to Gilgal in the description of Judah Joshua 15:7
u'Tha-i - (helpful ),
The son of Ammihud, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah
Tehinnah - Father or founder of In Nahash (city of Natash, probably father of Abigail, and step sister of David: 2 Samuel 17:25; 1 Chronicles 2:16); Eshton's son; of Judah, of the men of Rechab
Secacah - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah in the Judean wilderness (Joshua 15:61 )
Adithaim - A town in Judah, on a height overlooking the shephelah or low hill country (Joshua 15:36)
Shaaraim - City in the lowlands of Judah
Perez - ) An important family of Judah, of whom one was "chief of all the captains of the host for the first month" (1 Chronicles 27:3); 468 returned from Babylon; some settled in Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:4-6)
Ephratah , Ephrath - Ancient name of Bethlehem-judah
Paseah - Member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:12 )
o'Ded - ) ...
A prophet of Jehovah in Samaria, at the time of Pekah's invasion of Judah
Reai'ah -
A descendant of Shubal the son of Judah
Azariah - Son of Amaziah king of Judah. Son of Ethan, descendant of Judah. Two of the sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah. The high priest who hindered Uzziah king of Judah from burning incense in the temple. One of the 'heads' of the tribe of Ephraim who objected to the bringing into Samaria the captives from Judah. A prince of Judah who took part in the procession when the wall of Jerusalem was to be purified
South - The designation of a large district of Judah; the Νegeb . (See Judah; PALESTINE. In Judges 1:16 it is called "the wilderness of Judah South of Arad"; a strip of hilly country, running from the Dead Sea westward across Palestine, obliquely to the S. Besides the application of "the Negeb" to the whole district there are ethnological and geographical subdivisions; the Negeb of the Cherethites, the Negeb of the Kenites, the Negeb of Judah the Negeb of Arad, the Negeb of Jerahmeel. The Negeb of Caleb was a subdivision of, or identical with, the Negeb of Judah, as appears from 1 Samuel 30:14; 1 Samuel 30:16; 1 Samuel 25:2-3; compare with Joshua 21:11-12). The Negeb of Judah was South of Hebron in the outposts of Judah's hills; Tel Zif, Main, and Kurmul (Carmel), ruined cities, mark the Negeb of Caleb
Lachish - A town in the south country of Judah referred to several times in the Tell el-Amarna tablets. It is enumerated among the cities of the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:39 ). Hither Amaziah, king of Judah, fled from conspirators, and here he was murdered ( 2 Kings 14:19 ). Lachish was one of the towns settled by the children of Judah after the Exile ( Nehemiah 11:30 )
Judah - Judah (jû'dah), praise. Judah became the surety for the safety of Benjamin on the second journey to Egypt. The tribe of Judah was always large and prominent, vying with Ephraim for the supremacy. The prophetic blessing which his father pronounced on Judah, Genesis 49:8-12, is very remarkable
Idbash - ” Son of Etam in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:3 ), according to modern translations and earliest Greek translation
Zior - ” Village allotted to Judah, located in the hill country near Hebron (Joshua 15:54 )
Besor - Cold, a ravine or brook in the extreme south-west of Judah, where 200 of David's men stayed behind because they were faint, while the other 400 pursued the Amalekites (1 Samuel 30:9,10,21 )
Madmannah - Dunghill, the modern el-Minyay, 15 miles south-south-west of Gaza (Joshua 15:31 ; 1 Chronicles 2:49 ), in the south of Judah
Eder -
A city in the south of Judah, on the border of Idumea (Joshua 15:21 )
Irshemesh - ” Town in tribal territory of Dan (Joshua 19:41 ) on the border of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:10 , called Beth-shemesh or house of the sun)
Anab - Grape-town, one of the cities in the mountains of Judah, from which Joshua expelled the Anakim (Joshua 11:21 ; 15:50 )
Sukkiims - Part of Shishak's army in invading Judah (2 Chronicles 12:3)
Bozkath - ” Town near Lachish and Eglon in tribal allotment of Judah (Joshua 15:39 )
Ephai - ” Father of men who joined Ishmael in revolt against and murder of Gedaliah, the governor of Judah after Babylon captured and destroyed Jerusalem in 586 B
Eltolad - ” Village in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:30 ), given to tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:4 )
Tobadonijah - ” Levite whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Hazar-Shual - Judah ( Joshua 15:28 = 1 Chronicles 4:28 ) or Simeon ( Joshua 19:3 ), re-peopled by Jews after the Captivity ( Nehemiah 11:27 )
Hoshaiah - A man who led half the princes of Judah in the procession at the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 12:32 )
Machbena - Named in the genealogical list of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:49 )
Holon - A town in the mountains of Judah; allotted to the priests (Joshua 15:51; Joshua 21:15); HILEN in 1 Chronicles 6:58
Makkedah - A royal city of the Canaanites in the plains of Judah, where Joshua, executed the are confederate kings
Amnon - David's oldest son by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, born in Hebron while David reigned there over Judah only
Hazorhadattah - 'New Hazor,' in the south of Judah
Sheshbazzar - A prince of Judah
Pharez - Son of Judah, by Tamar, (Genesis 38:29) The word is translated in the margin of the Bible a breach
Shelah - Youngest son of Judah by the daughter of Shuah, a Canaanite
Adnah - A military leader of Judah stationed in Jerusalem under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:14 )
Gederoth - A town of Judah in the Shephçlah ( Joshua 15:41 , 2 Chronicles 28:18 )
Pethahiah - Sprung from Zerah of Judah
a'hi -
A Gadite, chief of a family who lived in Gilead in Bashan, (1 Chronicles 5:15 ) in the days of Jotham and of Judah
Mer'Arath - (bareness ), one of the towns of Judah, in the district of the mountains
Ahikam - He was sent by Josiah, king of Judah, to Huldah the prophetess, 2 Kings 22:12 , to consult her concerning the book of the law, which had been found in the temple
Chesalon - ” Village on eastern border of territory of tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:10 )
Zichri - He is perhaps the man called "Tabeal's son," Isaiah 8:6 , whom Rezin and Pekah proposed to make king of Judah
ta'Mar -
The wife successively of the two sons of Judah, Er and Onan. ) Her importance in the sacred narrative depends on the great anxiety to keep up the lineage of Judah. Judah's wife, Bathshuah, died; and there only remained a child, Shelah, whom Judah was unwilling to trust to the dangerous union as it appeared, with Tamar, lest he should meet with the same fate as his brothers. ...
Daughter of Absalom, (2 Samuel 14:7 ) became, by her marriage with Uriah of Gibeah, the mother of Maachah, the future queen of Judah or wife of Abijah. ) ...
A spot on the southeastern frontier of Judah, named in (Ezekiel 47:19 ; 48:28 ) only, evidently called from a palm tree
Nahum - It then applied pressure to the southern kingdom Judah. Through the reign of one Judean king after another, tension and conflict existed between Judah and Assyria (2 Kings 16:7-20; 2 Kings 18:7-37; 2 Kings 19; 2 Chronicles 28:20-21; 2 Chronicles 30:6; 2 Chronicles 33:11). ...
By the time Josiah became king of Judah (640 BC), Assyria had weakened sufficiently for Josiah to carry out extensive political and religious reforms in Judah. Nahum was most likely one of those prophets who began to preach in Judah during the revival of prophetic activity that occurred during Josiah’s reign
Delilah - A harlot of the valley of Sorek, in the tribe of Judah, and near the borders of the Philistines, with whom Samson associated and who betrayed him,
Idalah - ” Town in tribal territory of Zebulun (Joshua 19:15 ), probably modern khirbet el-Hawarah south of Bethlehem in Zebulun, not to be confused with the more famous Bethlehem in Judah
Tobijah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Shema - ...
...
A town in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:26 ); the same as Sheba (ver
Ether - A city in the shephelah or low country of Judah; allotted to Simeon (Joshua 15:42; Joshua 19:7)
Beth-Arabah - One of the six cities of Judah, situated in the Arabah or sunken valley of the Jordan and the Dead Sea; between Bethhoglah and the high land on the W
Tanhumeth - ” Father of Seraiah, a captain of forces remaining with Gedaliah in Judah following the deportation of Babylon (2 Kings 25:23 ; Jeremiah 40:8 )
Tochen - The statement of Joshua 19:7 and Joshua 15:42 implies Tochen in Chronicles is another name for Ether, in the shephelah or "low hills" between the mountains of Judah and the maritime low plain
Azmon - Joshua assigned it to Judah (Joshua 15:4 )
Joel - Nothing is recorded of his personal history, but he belongs most likely to the reign of Uzziah, and resided in Judah
Foal - Genesis 49:11 (b) This figure is used to teach us that Judah wanted his posterity to be firmly joined to the Lord
Carmi - descendant of Judah
Paseah, Phaseah - Son of Eshton, a descendant of Judah
Jehozabad - Son of Shomer, or Shimrith: he, with Jozachar, slew Joash king of Judah
Moladah - City in the south of Judah: it was inhabited on the return from exile
Addar - City on southwest border of Judah (Joshua 15:3 )
Ziz - Cliff or pass in Judah by which the hordes of Moabites, etc
Epher - Son of Ezra, a descendant of Judah
Dumah - A town in Judah, near Hebron, Joshua 15:52; now ed-Dômeh, ten miles southwest of Hebron
Naamah - A city of Judah
Bezek - The account of its capture by Judah is in Judges 1:1-8
Nahshon or Naasson - One of our Lord's ancestors, Matthew 1:4 Luke 3:32 ; chief of the tribe of Judah in the desert, Numbers 1:7 2:3 7:12 ; and brother-in-law of Aaron, Exodus 6:23 Ruth 4:20 1 Chronicles 2:10
Sihor - In Joshua 13:3 ; 1 Chronicles 13:5 , some have understood it of the little river between Egypt and Judah
Thereupon - ...
The remnant of the house of Judah, they shall feed thereupon
Paseah - A descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:12 )
ke'Rioth -
A name which occurs among the lists of the towns in the southern district of Judah
Jeho'Ash -
The eighth king of Judah; son of Ahaziah
ra'Math-le'hi - (hill of the jawbone , or hill of Lehi ), the name bestowed by Samson on the scene of his slaughter of the thousand Philistines with the jaw bone, ( Judges 15:17 ) a place by the rock Elam, in western Judah of the Philistines
Beth-da'Gon -
A city in the low country of Judah, (Joshua 15:41 ) and therefore not far from the Philistine territory
Beth'Zur - (house of rock ) a town in the mountains of Judah, built by Jeroboam, ( Joshua 15:58 ; 2 Chronicles 11:7 ) now Beit-zur
ho'Lon -
A town in the mountains of Judah
he'Lez - ) ...
A man of Judah, son of Azariah
Hal'Hul - (trembling ), a town of Judah in the mountain district
Israel, Kingdom of - Rehoboam, the son and successor of Solomon, was scarcely seated on his throne when the old jealousies between Judah and the other tribes broke out anew, and Jeroboam was sent for from Egypt by the malcontents (12:2,3). Rehoboam fled to Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:1-18 ; 2 Chronicles 10 ), and Jeroboam was proclaimed king over all Israel at Shechem, Judah and Benjamin remaining faithful to Solomon's son. ) ...
"Judah held its ground against Assyria for yet one hundred and twenty-three years, and became the rallying-point of the dispersed of every tribe, and eventually gave its name to the whole race. Those of the people who in the last struggle escaped into the territories of Judah or other neighbouring countries naturally looked to Judah as the head and home of their race. And when Judah itself was carried off to Babylon, many of the exiled Israelites joined them from Assyria, and swelled that immense population which made Babylonia a second Palestine. ) ...
In contrast with the kingdom of Judah is that of Israel
Ishi - Descendant of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:31 ). Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:20 )
Jareb - Hosea accused Israel and Judah of turning to the “great king” of Assyria, probably Tiglath-pileser III (at least for Judah), to cure their ills rather than going to Yahweh, the great King of the universe and the Great Physician (Hosea 5:13 )
Jehoiakim - ” Son of Josiah who succeeded Jehoahaz as king of Judah (609-597). At the beginning of his reign, Judah was subject to Egypt
Shephati'ah - (Ezra 2:4 ) ...
A descendant of Judah. (Nehemiah 11:4 ) ...
One of the princes of Judah who counselled Zedekiah to put Jeremiah in the dungeon
Baalah - City on northern border of tribe of Judah equated with Kirjath-jearim (Joshua 15:9-11 ). It is called Baale of Judah (2 Samuel 6:2 ) and may be the same as Kirjath-baal (Joshua 15:60 ). A mountain on Judah's northern border between Jabneel and Ekron
Kerioth-Hezron - Hezron would be identified with the city of Hazor mentioned in Joshua 15:23 , a city in the south of Judah near Kadesh-barnea (Joshua 15:3 ). Many scholars, however, take Kerioth-Hezron to refer to a village of Judah in the Negev district of Beersheba and identify it with modern khirbet el-Qaryatein, about four miles south of Maon
Michaiah - Prince of Judah sent with priests and Levites to teach the people the law. Son of Gemariah and a prince of Judah
Amminadab - The son of Ram or Aram, who was great-grandson of Judah. His daughter, Elisheba, was the wife of Aaron; and his son Naashon, or Nahshon, prince of Judah in the wilderness
Perez - Son of Judah and Tamar, and twin-brother of Zarah ( Genesis 38:29 ; in Esther 5:5 Esther 5:5 Phares ; patronymic Perezites , Numbers 26:20 ). His descendants were in all probability the most numerous among the families of Judah; hence the blessing of the elders on Boaz; ‘Let thy house be like the house of Perez’ ( Ruth 4:12 )
Etam - A rocky crag where Samson camped during his battles with the Philistines (Judges 15:8-13 ), conferring there with men of Judah who wanted to bind him and hand him over to the Philistines. Rehoboam, king of Judah (931-913 B. Member of tribe of Judah and apparently clan father of town of same name associated with Jezreel (1 Chronicles 4:3 )
Azariah -
Son of Ethan, of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:8 ). ...
...
High priest in the reign of Uzziah, king of Judah (2 Kings 14:21 ; 2 Chronicles 26:17-20 ). He was of the royal family of Judah, and with his other two companions remarkable for his personal beauty and his intelligence as well as piety
Kenizzites - The Chronicler names Kenaz as a grandson of Esau ( 1 Chronicles 1:36 ), and also as a descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:13-15 ). The probable meaning of all these passages is that the Kenizzites overspread a part of Edom and southern Judah before the Israelitish conquest and continued to abide there, a part of them being absorbed by the Edomites, and a part by the tribe of Judah
Pharez - Son of Judah and Tamar his daughter in law (Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33; Genesis 38:29). After the deaths of Er and Onan childless, Pharez took the rank of Judah's son, next after Shelah. Pharez's house was the greatest of the houses of Judah; 468 valiant men of the children of Pharez alone of Judah dwelt in Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:3-6; 1 Chronicles 9:3-6) after the return from Babylon
Jotham - He was the son of King Uzziah, and helped his father rule Judah when Uzziah became a leper in his later years (2 Chronicles 26:21). Judah continued to enjoy prosperity (2 Chronicles 27:1-6; see also UZZIAH). (For details of social conditions in Judah during the reign of Jotham see ISAIAH; MICAH
Jehoash - JEHOASH , in the shorter form JOASH , is the name of a king in each of the two lines, Israel and Judah. Jehoash of Judah was the son of Ahaziah. Jehoash also obtained a signal victory over Judah in a war wantonly provoked, it would seem, by Amaziah, king of Judah ( 2 Kings 13:10 ff
Amaziah - Ninth king of Judah, the son of Joash and father of Uzziah (797-767 B. ...
Among Amaziah's accomplishments, he conscripted an army for Judah, composed of all men age 20 and above. Amaziah led his army to Seir, where he easily defeated the Edomites, making them again subject to Judah. See: Judah, Kings of; Joash; Uzziah; Jehoaddin (his mother)
Micah - The Morasthite, or of Maresheth, a village near Eleutheropolis, in the west of Judah; the seventh in order of the lesser prophets. He prophesied under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, for about fifty years, if with some we reckon from near the beginning of the reign of Jotham, to the last year of Hezekiah B. His prophecy relates to the sins and judgments of Israel and Judah, the destruction of Samaria and Jerusalem, the return of the Jews from captivity, and the punishment of their enemies. He proclaims the coming of the Messiah, "whose going forth have been from of old, from everlasting," as the foundation of all hope for the glorious and blessed future he describes; and specifies Bethlehem in Judah as the place where He should be born of woman, Micah 5:2,3
Imri - Ancestor of clan from tribe of Judah living in Jerusalem after the return from Exile (1 Chronicles 9:4 )
Shammai - Member of tribe of Judah and clan of Jerahmeel (1Chronicles 2:28,1 Chronicles 2:32 )
Azekah - A town in the tribe of Judah, about fifteen miles south-west of Jerusalem; mentioned in the narratives of Joshua and Saul, Joshua 10:10 ; 1 Samuel 17:1 ; taken by Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah 34:7 , but afterwards repeopled by the Jews, Nehemiah 11:30
Ain - It is the name of a city of Judah, afterwards assigned to Simeon, Joshua 15:32 ; 1 Chronicles 4:32
Iyim - ]'>[2] incorrectly Iim ), a town in Judah, one of the ‘uttermost cities toward the border of Edom
Aholah And Aholibah - Two symbolical names, adopted by Ezekiel, Ezekiel 23:4 , to denote the two kingdoms of Judah and Samaria
Joiarib - ...
...
Nehemiah 11:5 ; a descendant of Judah
Jezoar - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:7 )
Judaism - (jyoo' day ihssm) The religion and way of life of the people of Judah, the Jews
Kabzeel - Gathering of God, a city in the extreme south of Judah, near to Idumaea (Joshua 15:21 ), the birthplace of Benaiah, one of David's chief warriors (2 Samuel 23:20 ; 1 Chronicles 11:22 )
Beth-Arabah - ” A border town of tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:6 , Joshua 15:61 ) also claimed as a city of Benjamin (Joshua 18:22 )
Rav zeira - In his native Babylon, he studied under Rav Huna and Rav Judah
Sho'a - The three apparently designate districts of Assyria with which the southern kingdom of Judah has been intimately connected, and which were to be arrayed against it for punishment
Uthai - Son of Ammihud, of the children of Pharez of Judah (1 Chronicles 9:4), called Athaiah son of Uzziah, Nehemiah 11:4; dwelt in Jerusalem on the return from Babylon
Beth-Pelet - ” Southern town in tribal allotment of Judah (Joshua 15:27 )
Sadducees - (ssad' dyoo ceess) A religious group which formed during the period between the Testaments when the Maccabees ruled Judah
Gederah - ) A town of Judah in the shephelah , or hills between the mountains and plain (Joshua 15:36)
Jamin - Son of Ram, a descendant of Judah
Nahshon - Son of Amminadab, and a prince of Judah
Ashan - It was a town of Judah, near Libnah and Rimmon, belonging to Simeon, and not far from Debir
Ashurbanipal - He included Manasseh of Judah among his tributaries, and kept an Assyrian garrison at Gezer
Enshemesh - Spring on the border of Judah and Benjamin mentioned next to En-rogel
Jehoahaz - (2 Kings 13:1) and Jehoahaz, or Shallum; son of Josiah, king of Judah, (Jeremiah 22:11) The name is a compound, signifying, from Achaz, a possession of the Lord
Adonibezek - The king of Bezek, conquered by the tribe of Judah
Eliakim - A king of Judah, 2 Kings 23:24
Gerar - It lay not far from Gaza, in the south of Judah, but its exact site is now unknown
Geder - Geder itself was an ancient Canaanitish place, in the plain of Judah, Joshua 12:13 , and was probably the same with the following Gederah
Gib'e-a - Sheva "the father of Macbenah" and "father of Gibea" is mentioned with other names, unmistakably those of places and not persons, among the descendants of Judah
Esh'Taol - (a pass ), a town in the low country --the Shefelah --of Judah, after wards allotted to Dan
en-Rim'Mon - (fount of the pomegranate ), one of the places which the men of Judah reinhabited after their return from the captivity
en-She'Mesh - (fountain of the sun ), a spring which formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of Judah, ( Joshua 15:7 ) and the south boundary of Benjamin, (Joshua 18:17 ) perhaps Ain Haud or Ain-Chot --the "well of apostles" --about a mile below Bethany
Mahal'Ale-el - ...
A descendant of Perez or Pharez the son of Judah
Juda - for Judah, q
Carmi - A son of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:1 )
Shamir - A town in the hill-country of Judah ( Joshua 15:48 )
Pharez - Breach, the elder of the twin sons of Judah (Genesis 38:29 )
Netophah - Distillation; dropping, a town in Judah, in the neighbourhood, probably, of Bethlehem (Nehemiah 7:26 ; 1 Chronicles 2:54 )
Pethahiah - ...
A descendant of Judah who had some office at the court of Persia (Nehemiah 11:24 )
Evil-Merodach - ) who treated Jehoiachin, king of Judah, with kindness (2 Kings 25:27 )
Baalah - in 2 Samuel 6:2 called BAALE of Judah; Joshua 19:3 Balah; 1 Chronicles 4:29 BILHAH
Dimonah - A town on southeast border of tribal allotment of Judah (Joshua 15:22 )
Gazez - As other names in the list represent cities in southern Judah occupied by the clan of Caleb, Gazez may also be a city, though nothing else is known about it
Siphmoth - (shf' mohth) Town in southern Judah that received booty of war from David for befriending him (1Samuel 30:26,1 Samuel 30:28 )
Sukkiims - (ssyook' keemss) Mentioned only in 2 Chronicles 12:3 , these people were part of Shishak's (king of Egypt) army when he fought against Rehoboam of Judah
Athach - ” Town in southern Judah to which David sent spoils of victory while he fled Saul among the Philistines (1 Samuel 30:30 )
Carmi - ...
...
A descendant of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:1 )
Heman - A celebrated sage, of the tribe of Judah
Maon - A town in the edge of the hill-country of Judah, Joshua 15:55 , near which Nabal lived and David took refuge from Saul, 1 Samuel 23:24 - 25 ; 25:2
Pela'Iah -
A son of Elioenai, of the royal line of Judah
Kei'Lah - (fortress ), a city of the Shefelah, or lowland district of Judah
Kab'ze-el - (gathered by God ), one of the "cities" of the tribe of Judah, ( Joshua 15:21 ) the native place of the great hero Benaiah ben-Jehoiada
en-Gannim -
A town in the plains of Judah (Joshua 15:34 ), north-west of Jerusalem, between Zanoah and Tappuah. When Ahaziah, king of Judah, attempted to escape from Jehu, he "fled by the way of the garden house" i
Kirjath Sannah - ) It was in the mountains of Judah, not the usual habitat of palms, rather it was the Canaanite center of religious teaching (Joshua 15:49) KIRJATH SANNAH or KIRJATH SEPHER, "city of a book. It was then called also Debir (an inner place, namely, among the mountains) in the center of Judah, not the Debit on the N
Zerah - With an enormous army, the largest we read of in Scripture, he invaded the kingdom of Judah in the days of Asa (2 Chronicles 14:9-15 ). This is the only instance "in all the annals of Judah of a victorious encounter in the field with a first-class heathen power in full force
Ben-Hinnom - ” A valley south of Jerusalem serving as northern border of tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:8 ) and southern boundary of tribe of Benjamin (Joshua 18:16 ). Pagan child sacrifices occurred here, some kings of Judah included (Ahaz, 2 Chronicles 28:3 ; Manasseh, 2 Chronicles 33:6 )
Sceptre - The prophecy that "the sceptre shall not depart from Judah . The sceptre is not now wielded by Judah while the people are Lo-ammi, but their supremacy will be renewed when the purpose of God is fulfilled
Rephaim - It was one of the landmarks of the land of Judah, named after the Rephaim, or "giants," who at an early period were found on both sides of the Jordan. Its position as a boundary of Judah would indicate it to have been south of the valley of Hinnom
el'Kanah, - ) ...
An officer in the household of Ahaz king of Judah, who was slain by Zichri the Ephraimite when Pekah invaded Judah
Ekron - It fell to the lot of Judah, and then passed to Dan. It was taken by Judah, but the Philistines kept or gained possession
Zedekiah - The name given by Nebuchadnezzar to Mattaniah, son of Josiah, whom he set on the throne of Judah. 599-588, and was the last king of Judah. ...
Zedekiah was many times warned by Jeremiah against his course, and was advised to submit to Babylon; but for this Jeremiah was persecuted by the princes of Judah. Son of Jeconiah, or Jehoiachin, king of Judah. Son of Hananiah and a prince of Judah
Helez - Member of the family of Caleb and Jerahmeel in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:39 )
Suk'Kiim - (booth-dwellers ), a nation mentioned ( 2 Chronicles 12:3 ) with the Lubim and Cushim as supplying part of the army which came with Shishak out of Egypt when he invaded Judah
Eshtaol - Town in the lowlands of Judah, allotted to Dan
Lebaoth - of Judah (Joshua 15:32), afterward transferred to Simeon (Joshua 19:6), whose portion, like Levi's, was "scattered" in Israel (Genesis 49:5-7) on account of the cruelty in Genesis 34:25-26
Ahihud - ...
Name different in Hebrew, meaning brother of Judah
Azmaveth - ...
...
A town in the tribe of Judah, near Jerusalem (Nehemiah 12:29 ; Ezra 2:24 )
Beth-Anoth - ” A city of Judah (Joshua 15:59 )
Beth-Haggan - ” King Ahaziah of Judah (841 B
Berodach Baladan - (bih roh' dach bal' uh dan) King of Babylon who wrote Hezekiah, king of Judah (2 Kings 20:12 )
Reaiah - Member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:52 )
Uriel - Grandfather of King Abijah of Judah (2 Chronicles 13:2 )
Madmannah - A town in the Negeb of Judah ( Joshua 15:31 ), named with Hormah and Ziklag
Manahathites - The genealogy in these two passages is to be interpreted as meaning that the city Manahath , occupied by portions of two sections of the Edomite clan Caleb, came to be reckoned to Judah
Chelubai - of Judah, where also was the inheritance of Caleb's house (Judges 1:15; 1 Samuel 25:3; 1 Samuel 27:10; 1 Samuel 30:14)
Carmi - Descendant (as "son" must mean in 1 Chronicles 4:1) of Judah: father of Achan
Chelub - A descendant of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:10 ), probably to be identified with Caleb, the hero of the spy narrative of Numbers 13-14
Lahmam - Town in tribal territory of Judah near Lachish, possibly modern khirbet el-Lahm about two and a half miles south of Beth Gibrin
Nephtoah - ” Boundary marker for Judah and Benjamin (Joshua 15:9 ; Joshua 18:15 )
Bohan - The stone of Bohan is mentioned in these two passages as forming a mark of division between Judah and Benjamin
Gimzo - of Judah, or in Dan; now Jimzu, a large village on a height surrounded by trees, S
Jabneel, Jabneh - Border city between Judah and Dan
Naamah - City in the lowlands of Judah
Jehoshaphat - King of Judah
Kerioth - City in the south of Judah
Ahiman - One of the three sons of Anak who dwelt in Hebron when the spies went up, Numbers 13:22 ; and who were driven out by Caleb and slain by Judah
Naamathite - And perhaps he came from Naamah, a city of Judah
Kabzeel - Called Jekabzeel when rebuilt after the captivity, Nehemiah 11:25, a city of the tribe of Judah, situated farthest to the south, Joshua 15:21; was the birthplace of Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada
Tappuah - Another city of Judah, southwest of Hebron, Joshua 15:34
Bethuzur - A city in the hill country of Judah, near Hebron, Joshua 15:58
e'Der -
One of the towns of Judah, in the extreme south, and on the borders of Edom
Eph'Ratah, - ) ...
The ancient name of Bethlehem-judah
Jew'ry - (the country of Judea ), the same word elsewhere rendered Judah and Judea
Ele'Asah -
Son of Helez, one of the descendants of Judah, of the family of Hezron
Whelp - Genesis 49:9 (a) This type represents Judah as the offspring of Jacob. Jacob is the lion, and Judah is his puppy. Jacob is informing us that he has imparted to Judah his own cunning, power, knowledge of GOD and ability
a'Haz - (possessor ), eleventh king of Judah, son of Jotham, reigned 741-726, about sixteen years. At the time of his accession, Rezin king of Damascus and Pekah king of Israel had recently formed a league against Judah, and they proceeded to lay siege to Jerusalem. But, the allies inflicted a most severe injury on Judah by the capture of Elath, a flourishing port on the Red Sea, while the Philistines invaded the west and south
Lion - ...
"The Lion of the tribe of Judah," Revelation 5:5 , is Jesus Christ, who sprung from the tribe of Judah and the race of David, and overcame death, the world, and the devil. It is supposed that a lion was the device of the tribe of Judah; whence this allusion, Genesis 49:9
Joktheel - Town in Shephelah or valley of tribal allotment of Judah (Joshua 15:38 )
Jashubilehem - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:22 , NAS, KJV, NIV)
en-Shemesh - ” Town on border between tribal territories of Judah (Joshua 15:7 ) and Benjamin (Joshua 18:17 )
Giloh - ” Town in tribal allotment of Judah in Judean hills (Joshua 15:51 )
Hodiah - A man of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:19 )
Tabeal - The scheme of Rezin of Syria and Pekah of Israel was to set up Tabeal's son as a vassal king instead of Ahaz, in Judah
Maharai - ” One of David's thirty elite warriors who came from the clan of the Zerahites and the town of Netophah in Judah and commanded the troups in the tenth month (2 Samuel 23:28 ; 1 Chronicles 11:30 , 1 Chronicles 27:13 )
Nachon - ” Threshing floor between Baal-judah (Kiriath-jearim) and Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6:6 )
Oded - Prophet in the time of Anaz who urged the Israelites to release the people of Judah they had taken as prisoners of war (2 Chronicles 28:8-15 )
Zerahites - (zuhr' uh hitess) Name of two families, one from the tribe of Simeon (Numbers 26:13 ), the other from the tribe of Judah (Numbers 26:20 ; Joshua 7:17 ), descended from men named Zerah
Bithiah - The daughter of a Pharaoh, who became the wife of Mered, a descendant of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Helkathhazzurim - Name, signifying, as in the margin , 'field of strong men,' given to the place where twelve men of Israel and twelve of Judah killed each other, which led to a very sore battle
Shamir - City in the mountains of Judah
Achor - Later, it formed part of the border of Judah
Lawgiver - This in the first place refers to God; but in human affairs He is pleased to delegate His authority to the rulers, and Judah is twice mentioned as God's lawgiver
Adora'im - (double mound ), a fortified city built by Rehoboam, ( 2 Chronicles 11:9 ) in Judah
Kedesh - A city in the south of Judah, Joshua 15:23
Makkedah - It lay in the vicinity of Libnah, Azekah, and Lachish, southwest of Jerusalem, in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 10:10-28 ; 12:16 ; 15:41
Beth-Tap'Puah - (house of apples ), one of the towns of Judah in the mountainous district, and near Hebron
Car'mi - (Genesis 46:9 ; Exodus 6:14 ; Numbers 26:6 ; 1 Chronicles 5:3 ) ...
A man of the tribe of Judah, father of Achan, the "troubler of Israel
jo-i'Arib - probably a descendant of Shelah the son of Judah
Eshtemoa - City in tribal allotment of Judah (Judges 15:50 , with variant Hebrew spelling; see Joshua 21:14 ). A member of clan of Caleb in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:17 ), probably listed as the clan father of those who settled in Eshtemoa
Simeon, the Tribe of - This tribe received as their portion a part of the territory already allotted to Judah (Joshua 19:1-9 ). It lay in the south-west of the land, with Judah on the east and Dan on the north; but whether it was a compact territory or not cannot be determined
Eliakim - ” The son of Hilkiah who was in charge of the household of King Hezekiah of Judah (2 Kings 18:18 ). The son of Josiah who was placed on the throne of Judah by Pharaoh Neco of Egypt (2 Kings 23:34 )
Kirjathjearim - City lying on the borders of Judah and Benjamin, the former name of which was KIRJATH-BAAL. The city is also called KIRJATH in Joshua 18:28 ; KIRJATH-ARIM in Ezra 2:25 ; BAALAH in Joshua 15:9-11 , and BAALE OF Judah in 2 Samuel 6:2
Baasha - He attempted to fortify Raman, with a view, it would seem, of preventing the access of the Israelites into Judah, 1 Kings 15:17, but his design was frustrated by a Syrian invasion, instigated by Asa, king of Judah
Jeho'Hanan - ) ...
One of the principal men of Judah under King Jehoshaphat. ) ...
Father of Ishmael, one of the "captains of hundreds" whom Jehoiada the priest took into his confidence about the restoration of the line of Judah
Judah, Son of Jacob - Fourth son of Jacob, Judah soon established himself in the family as one who had genuine leadership qualities (Genesis 29:31-35; Genesis 37:25-27; Genesis 43:1-10; Genesis 44:14-34; Genesis 46:28). ...
Jacob saw clearly that Judah’s tribe would become the leading tribe in the Israelite nation. (See also Judah, TRIBE AND KINGDOM
ju'Dah - ) Of Judah's personal character more traits are preserved than of any other of the patriarchs, with the exception of Joseph, whose life he in conjunction with Reuben saved. ( Genesis 37:26-28 ) During the second visit to Egypt for corn it was Judah who understood to be responsible for the safety of Benjamin, ch. So too it is Judah who is sent before Jacob to smooth the way for him in the land of Goshen. The families of Judah occupy a position among the tribes similar to that which their progenitor had taken among the patriarchs. (Genesis 26:22 ) The boundaries and contents of the territory allotted to Judah are narrated at great length, and with greater minuteness than the others, in (Joshua 15:20-63 ) The north boundary, for the most part coincident with the south boundary of Benjamin, began at the embouchure of the Jordan and ended on the west at Jabneel on the coast of the Mediterranean, four miles south of Joppa
Hazar-Shual - ” Town near Beersheba in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:28 ) but allotted to tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:3 ; 1 Chronicles 4:28 )
Madmannah - of Judah (Joshua 15:31)
Bethtappua - ) A town in the hilly part of Judah (Joshua 15:46; Joshua 15:53; 1 Chronicles 2:43, where Tappuah is the son of Hebron)
Ezrah - This Ezra is a descendant of Judah of which nothing else is known
Ithnan - ” Town on southern border of tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:23 )
Refuge, Cities of - On the west of Jordan were (1) Kadesh, in Naphtali; (2) Shechem, in Mount Ephraim; (3) Hebron, in Judah
Shearing-House, the - A place at which Jehu, on his way from Jezreel to Samaria, met and slew the brethren of Ahaziah, king of Judah ( 2 Kings 10:12 ; 2 Kings 10:14 )
Treasure-Cities - The kings of Judah had keepers of their treasures both in city and country (1 Chronicles 27:25 ) and the places where these magazines were laid up were called treasure-cities
Ithrite - Jattir was in the mountains of Judah, one of David's "haunts," where he had "friends" to whom he sent of the Amalekite spoils (1 Samuel 30:26-27; 1 Samuel 30:31)
Jearim, Mount - On the northern border of Judah (Joshua 15:10)
Sansannah - ” Town in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:31 )
Hormah - The name signifying 'utter destruction' given to ZEPHATHin the far south when conquered by Judah and Simeon
Shaaraim - ) A city assigned to Judah (Joshua 15:36; 1 Samuel 17:52)
Ahiman - Compare Judges 1:10 , where the tribe of Judah killed the three brothers
Jehudi - An officer of Jehoiakim, at whose summons Baruch read to the princes of Judah the roll of Jeremiah’s prophecies, and who was afterwards himself employed to read the roll to the king
Leah - Mother of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulon, and Dinah
e'Phah - Son of Jahdai of the tribe of Judah
Abishalom - Father of Maachah, wife of Rehoboam and mother of Abijam, king of Judah
a'Mon - (1 Kings 22:26 ; 2 Chronicles 18:25 ) ...
King of Judah, son and successor of Manasseh, reigned two years, from B
Meshez'Abe-el - (Nehemiah 10:21 ) ...
The father of Pethahiah, and descendant of Zerah the son of Judah
le'hi - (jaw bone ), a place in Judah, probably on the confines of the Philistines' country, between it and the cliff Etam; the scene of Samson's well-known exploit with the jaw bone
ja'Bez - (1 Chronicles 2:55 ) ...
The name occurs again in the genealogies of Judah, (1 Chronicles 4:9,10 ) in a passage of remarkable detail inserted in a genealogy again connected with Bethlehem
Gedor - A city in the mountains of Judah, surrounded by fat pastures, and formerly occupied by the Amalekites, 1 Chronicles 4:39 ; 12:7 ; Joshua 15:58
Paltite, the - A native of Beth-pelet in the Negeb of Judah ( Joshua 15:27 , Nehemiah 11:26 )
Beer - A town in Judah, according to Eusebius and Jerome a few miles west of Jerusalem, near Beth-shemesh
Madman'Nah - (dunghill ), one of the towns in the south district of Judah
en-ro'Gel - (fount of the fuller ), a spring which formed one of the landmarks on the boundary line between Judah, ( Joshua 15:7 ) and Benjamin
Beth-ar'Abah - (house of the desert ), one of the six cities of Judah which were situated down in the Arabah, the sunk valley of the Jordan and Dead Sea, ( Joshua 15:61 ) on the north border of the tribe
Jat'Tir - (pre-eminent ), a town of Judah in the mountain districts, ( Joshua 15:48 ) one of the group containing Socho, Eshtemoa, etc
Hach'Ilah, the Hill, - a hill apparently situated in a wood in the wilderness or waste land in the neighborhood of Ziph, in Judah, in the fastnesses or passes of which David and his six hundred followers were lurking when the Ziphites informed Saul of his whereabouts
e'Phah - Son of Jahdai of the tribe of Judah
Tribes, the Twelve - In Numbers 1 there are two lists of the tribes: one, the heads of the tribes, as given in the following table; the other, when the tribes were numbered, the only difference in the order of the names being that in the latter Gad comes before Judah. 4 Judah...
2 Simeon 2 Simeon 2 Simeon 4 Judah 7 Gad 8 Asher 1 Reuben...
3 Levi 3 Levi 4 Judah 3 Levi 11a Manasseh 6 Naphtali 7 Gad...
4 Judah 4 Judah 9 Issachar 12 Benjamin 4 Judah 11a Manasseh 8 Asher...
5 Dan 10 Zebulun 10 Zebulun 11b Ephraim 11b Ephraim 11b Ephraim 6 Naphtali...
6 Naphtali 9 Issachar 11b Ephraim 11a Manasseh 12 Benjamin 1 Reuben 11a Manasseh...
7 Gad 5 Dan 11a Manasseh 10 Zebulun 2 Simeon 4 Judah 2 Simeon...
8 Asher 7 Gad 12 Benjamin 9 Issachar 10 Zebulun 12 Benjamin 3 Levi...
9 Issachar 8 Asher 5 Dan 7 Gad 9 Issachar 2 Simeon 9 Issachar...
10 Zebulun 6 Naphtali 8 Asher 5 Dan 8 Asher 9 Issachar 10 Zebulun...
11Joseph 11 Joseph 7 Gad 6 Naphtali 6 Naphtali 10 Zebulun 11 Joseph...
12 Benjamin 12 Benjamin 6 Naphtali 8 Asher 5 Dan 7 Gad 12 Benjamin...
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Shishak - (980: Hincks); and the 20th of Shishak when he invaded Judah (969 B. Zerah probably succeeded Shishak and attacked Judah before the 15tb year of Asa. ) With 1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen, and Lubim, Sukkiim and Cushim without number, he took Judah's cities fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:5-12) and came to Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 12:2; 2 Chronicles 12:4-5; 2 Chronicles 12:9-12). of Judah, Jerahmeelites, Rekem (Petra), and the Hagarites, are all specified;...
(1) the Levitical and Canaanite cities are grouped together;...
(2) the cities of Judah;...
(3) Arab tribes S. Champollion reads in the inscription "the kingdom of Judah. " Brugsch objects that the "kingdom of Judah" would be out of place as following names of towns in Judah, the supposed equivalent of "kingdom" (malkuwth ) rather answers to "king" (melek ). ; and allowed him to retain Judah, lest Jeroboam should become strong
Exile - (ex' ile) The events in which the northern tribes of Israel were taken into captivity by the Assyrians and the events in which the southern tribes of Judah were taken into captivity by the Babylonians. Sometimes the terms “captivity,” and “carried into captivity” refer to the exiles of Israel and Judah. , with the tribes located in the north known as Israel and the tribes located to the south known as Judah. ...
History of the Exile of Judah More than a hundred years before the Babylon Exile, Isaiah, the prophet, had predicted Judah's fall (Isaiah 6:11-12 ; Isaiah 8:14 ; Isaiah 10:11 ). In addition, the prophets Micah, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, and Ezekiel agreed that Judah would fall. His death marked the end of Assyrian dominance of Judah. Both Judah and Egypt sought to take advantage of Assyria's diminishing power. Judah's hopes were dashed when King Josiah (640-609) was killed at the battle of Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29 ). Jehoahaz, one of Josiah's sons, ruled Judah for three months in 609 B. ...
After defeating the Egyptians, Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem, the capital city of Judah, in 598 B. Jehoiakim, a second son of Josiah, served as king of Judah for eleven years (609-597 B. ...
Nebuchadnezzar appointed Zedekiah, a third son of Joshua to rule the vassal state of Judah for eleven years (597-586 B. After the second deporation, Gedeliah was appointed governor of Judah by the Babylonians but was assassinated (2 Kings 24:25 ). ...
Life in the Exile meant life in five different geographical areas: Israel, Judah, Assyria, Babylon, and Egypt. Judah The Babylonians did not completely demolish Judah. Babylon even recognized the royal family of Judah as seen in 2 Kings 25:27 and in recovered Babylonian records. Correspondence continued between those in Judah and those in Exile (Jeremiah 29:1 ), and Jewish elders gave leadership to the exiles (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 ). A Babylonian Jewish community was thus established and would exercise strong influence long after Cyrus of Persia permitted Jews to return to Judah
Halhul - ...
A town in the Judah mountains
Haahashtari - ” Member of tribe of Judah and clan of Caleb (1 Chronicles 4:6 ), the form of the word indicating as in many biblical genealogies a political group as well as the ancestor
Tal'ma-i -
One of the three sons of "the Anak" who were slain by the men of Judah
Halhul - Full of hollows, a town in the highlands of Judah (Joshua 15:58 )
Beth-Dagon -
A city in the low country or plain of Judah, near Philistia (Joshua 15:41 ); the modern Beit Degan, about 5 miles from Lydda
Beth-Arabah - House of the desert, one of the six cities of Judah, situated in the sunk valley of the Jordan and Dead Sea (Joshua 18:22 )
Azekah - Dug over, a town in the Shephelah or low hills of Judah (Joshua 15:35 ), where the five confederated Amoritish kings were defeated by Joshua and their army destroyed by a hailstrom (10:10,11)
Beth-Dagon - Town in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:41 )
Epher - A descendant of Caleb in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Chor-Ashan - , the south, belonging to Judah
uz'za, the Garden of, - the spot in which Manasseh king of Judah and his son Amon were buried
Jattir - A town in the hills of Judah (Joshua 15:48), one of the nine allotted to the sons of Aaron (Joshua 21:14; 1 Chronicles 6:57)
Lehi - The site was apparently in Judah near Beth-shemesh
Mirth - ...
I will cause to cease the voice of mirth from Judah and Jerusalem
Shamhuth - "The IZRAHITE" or "Zarhite" (1 Chronicles 27:13); of the family of Zerah, son of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:4; 1 Chronicles 2:6)
Sharuhen - ...
A town in Judah allotted to Simeon (Joshua 19:6)
Adoni-Bezek - Tribe of Judah defeated him and cut off his thumbs and big toes, a sign of humiliation, before taking him to Jerusalem
Hachilah - Hill near Ziph in Judah, described as being 'before' or 'on the south of ' Jeshimon
Maon - City in the highlands of Judah, to the 'wilderness' of which David and his men resorted when pursued by Saul
Achzib - A town of Judah
Ariel - Jerusalem being the chief city of Judah, whose emblem was a lion, Genesis 49:9, the word Ariel is applied to that city
Planets - These constellations are here spoken of as objects of idolatrous worship in Judah
Jehaleleel - Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:16 )
Beth-Hoglah - A town of Benjamin, on the border of Judah, Joshua 15:6 ; 18:19,21
Hor'Mah - (a place laid waste ), or ZEPHATH , (Judges 1:17 ) was the chief town of a king of a Canaanitish tribe on the south of Palestine, which was reduced by Joshua, and became a city of the territory of Judah, (Joshua 15:30 ; 1 Samuel 30:30 ) but apparently belonged to Simeon
ma'on - (habitation ), one of the cities of the tribe of Judah, in the district of the mountains
Ash'Nah - the name of two cities, both in the lowlands of Judah: (1) named between Zoreah and Zanoah, and therefore probably northwest of Jerusalem, (Joshua 15:33 ) and (2) between Jiptah and Nezib, and therefore to the southwest of Jerusalem
Dibon - A town in Judah inhabited in Nehemiah’s time by some of the children of Judah ( Nehemiah 11:25 ). Perhaps it is the same as Dimonah ( Joshua 15:22 ) among the southernmost cities of Judah
Hadoram - “Taskmaster over the forced labor” (2 Chronicles 10:18 NRSV) under Rehoboam, Solomon's son and successor as king of Judah. Thus they showed their contempt for Rehoboam's forced labor policies and made final the division between Israel and Judah, beginning the period of the divided monarchy
Tamar - ...
...
The daughter-in-law of Judah, to whose eldest son, Er, she was married (Genesis 38:6 ). After her husband's death, she was married to Onan, his brother (8), and on his death, Judah promised to her that his third son, Shelah, would become her husband. This promise was not fulfilled, and hence Tamar's revenge and Judah's great guilt (38:12-30)
Shishak i - In the fifth year of Rehoboam's reign Shishak came up against the kingdom of Judah with a powerful army. ) This expedition of the Egyptian king was undertaken at the instigation of Jeroboam for the purpose of humbling Judah
Elath - Later King Uzziah (792-740) rebuilt the seaport and controlled it for Judah (2 Kings 14:22 ). Elath would then be the mainland base to which goods were transferred for loading onto pack animals for the long caravan travels northward to Judah, Israel, Syria, or Phoenicia or for travels eastward to Assyria or Babylonia or westward to Egypt
Hill - "The hills," Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 9:1, is the mountain district of Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim (Numbers 13:29). In Luke 1:39 "the hill country" ought to be translated "the mountain country" of Judah
Beth-Zur - A city allotted to tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:58 ). Rehoboam, Solomon's son and successor as king of Judah (931-913 B
Lion - This shows that the lion may be taken as a symbol of 'strength,' and as such the Lord is called the lion of the tribe of Judah, to which is attached the symbol of royalty, for Judah held the sceptre
Ada'Iah -
Maternal grandfather of King Josiah, and native of Boscath in the lowlands of Judah. (Ezra 10:39 ) ...
A man of Judah, of the line of Pharez
Beth-Shemesh - A city of Judah given to the priests, Joshua 21:16 1 Chronicles 6:59 1 Samuel 6:15 . It is memorable for a battle between Judah and Israel, in which Amaziah was defeated, 2 Kings 14:12-14 ; and for the return of the ark from among the Philistines, and the punishment of those who then profaned it, 1 Samuel 6:1-21
Jehoahaz -
The youngest son of Jehoram, king of Judah (2 Chronicles 21:17 ; 22:1,6,8,9 ); usually Ahaziah (q. He succeeded his father on the throne, and reigned over Judah for three months (2 Kings 23:31,34 )
Abijah (Abijam) - He was the second king of Judah after the division of the kingdom, and reigned from 913 to 910 BC (1 Kings 15:1-2). ...
Abijah was not wholly loyal to Yahweh, for he tolerated false religion in Judah (1 Kings 15:3)
Kenites - see), and probably indeed a branch of them, but having friendly relations with Israel, and ultimately, it seems, at least in the main, absorbed in Judah. ]'>[1] ), who had been invited by Moses and had doubtless accepted the invitation to he a guide to Israel in the wilderness ( Numbers 10:29-32 ), was a Kenite; and his descendants came up from Jericho with the tribe of Judah into the S. of Judah inhabited by Kenites; it is possible also that Kinah , in the Negeb of Judah ( Joshua 15:22 ), and Kain in the hill-country ( Joshua 15:57 ), were Kenite settlements. In Genesis 15:19 the Kenites are mentioned among the ten nations whose land was to be taken possession of by Israel; the reference is doubtless to the absorption of the Kenites in Judah. of Judah), they would in the end be carried away captive by the Assyrians (‘ Kain ’ in Numbers 24:22 is the proper name of the tribe of which ‘Kenite’ Is the gentilic adj
Captivities of Israel - "The Lord shall assemble the outcast of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah," Isaiah 11:12-13 . Ezekiel received an order from God to take two pieces of wood, and write on one, "For Judah and for the children of Israel;" and on the other, "For Joseph and for all the house of Israel;" and to join these two pieces of wood, that they might become one, and designate the reunion of Judah and Israel, Ezekiel 37:16 . Jeremiah is equally express: "The house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel; and they shall come together out of the north, to the land which I have given for an inheritance to their fathers," Jeremiah 3:18 . In the historical books of Scripture, we find that Israelites of the ten tribes, as well as of Judah and Benjamin, returned from the captivity. Among those that returned with Zerubbabel are reckoned some of Ephraim and Manasseh, who settled at Jerusalem with the tribe of Judah
Joash - Son of Ahaziah king of Judah. But on the death of the high priest, the princes of Judah and the king turned to idolatry. God sent the Syrians to punish them: a small company of whom overcame a very great host of Judah, the princes were destroyed, and Joash gave all the treasures of the temple and of the king's house to the Syrians. After this Amaziah king of Judah asked Joash to let them 'look one another in the face. ' Joash in a parable called Judah a thistle, and himself a cedar, and advised Amaziah to stay at home; but he would not, and Judah was smitten. Descendant of Shelah, a son of Judah
Hepher - Member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:6 )
Hilen - ” City in tribal territory of Judah given to Levites (1 Chronicles 6:58 )
Huldah - She was consulted after Josiah the king of Judah saw a copy of the Book of the Law found as preparations were being made to restore the Temple
Menuhoth - ” Family descended from Judah (1 Chronicles 2:52 NRSV) or their town (TEV)
Sheshai - A man or clan living near Hebron descended from the Anakim (Numbers 13:22 ) and driven out by Caleb (Joshua 15:14 ) and the tribe of Judah (Judges 1:10 )
Adummim - A border town of Benjamin and Judah, not far from Jericho of the road to Jerusalem
Anak, Plural Anakim - They spread themselves over the south of Judah, the hill country, and several cities of the Philistines
Moladah - A city reckoned to Judah in Joshua 15:26 , and to Simeon in Joshua 19:2 , 1 Chronicles 4:28
Ataroth - Several places of this name occur in Scripture: one in the tribe of Judah, 1 Chronicles 2:54 ; one or two in Ephraim, Joshua 16:2,5,7 ; 18:13 ; and one or two in Gad, Numbers 32:3,34,35
Shearing-House - , "house of gathering"), some place between Samaria and Jezreel, where Jehu slew "two and forty men" of the royal family of Judah
Lehi - A jawbone, a place in the tribe of Judah where Samson achieved a victory over the Philistines (Judges 15:9,14,16 ), slaying a thousand of them with the jawbone of an ass
Ebed-Melech - , in the palace of Zedekiah, king of Judah
Boaz, Booz - A wealthy Bethlehemite of the tribe of Judah, who married Ruth the Moabitess and was great grandfather of David
Berechiah - ...
...
The fourth of the five sons of Zerubbabel, of the royal family of Judah (1 Chronicles 3:20 )
Elasah -
One of the descendants of Judah, of the family of Hezron (1 Chronicles 2:39 , "Eleasah")
Bethezel - ) Situated probably in the shephelah or low hilly land of Judah, near Zaanan or Zenan (Joshua 15:37)
Elimelech - ) Of the family of Hezron of Judah, kinsman of Boaz, residing in Bethlehem Ephratah under the judges
Ramath of the South - negeb is the general designation for south or south-west of Judah
Jorkeam - Many interpreters read Jokdeam here, equating the city with the tribal city of Judah
Jerusha - ” Mother of Jotham, king of Judah (2 Kings 15:33 )
Jeshanah - ” City that King Abijah of Judah captured from Jeroboam of Israel about 910 B
Kerioth -
A town in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:25 )
Kirjath-Sannah - ), a Canaanitish royal city included in Judah (Joshua 10:38 ; 15:49 ), and probably the chief seat of learning among the Hittites
Giloh - Exile, a city in the south-west part of the hill-country of Judah (Joshua 15:51 )
Koa - ) Babylon is the land of visitation; actively, visiting with judgment Judah; passively, to be visited with judgment (Jeremiah 50:21)
Beth-le-Aphrah - ” Town Micah used in a wordplay to announce judgment on Judah
Gederoth - ” City in tribal allotment of Judah in the Shephelah or valley (Joshua 15:41 )
Meshezabeel - Member of the tribe of Judah (Nehemiah 11:24 )
Shaphat - A name in the royal genealogy of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 3:22 )
se'Irath - 27, a continuation, perhaps, of the same wooded, shaggy hills which stretched even so far south as to enter the territory of Judah, (Joshua 15:10 ) (It is probably the same place as MOUNT SEIR , 2
Nezib - ) A city in the shephelah or "lower hills" of Judah (Joshua 15:43)
Lehem - The name appears in a list of members of tribe of Judah
Nahshon - ” Leader of the tribe of Judah during the wilderness years (Numbers 1:7 ; Numbers 2:3 ; Numbers 7:12 ,Numbers 7:12,7:17 ; Numbers 10:14 ), brother-in-law of Aaron (Exodus 6:23 ), and an ancestor of King David (Ruth 4:20-22 ) and of Jesus (Matthew 1:4 ; Luke 3:32 )
Shobal - Son of Caleb and founder of Kirjath-jearim (1 Chronicles 2:50 ), listed under sons of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:1 ), possibly an indication of “son of” denoting belonging to a tribe
Jahath - A grandson of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:2 )
Kedesh - A city in the south of Judah ( Joshua 15:23 ) whose site is uncertain
Ashan - ” City in western hills of tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:42 ) given to tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:7 )
Hill Country - Any part of the range of hills that runs through Palestine from north to south, in distinction from the plains towards the Mediterranean or the Jordan; and in distinction from the Shephelah which is a region in Judah that runs between the hill country and the plain on the west, called the 'lowlands
Ethan - Apparently the same as the son of Zerah, a descendant of Judah
Saphir - having thy shame naked," when judgements are being proclaimed against Judah and Israel
Phares, Pharez - Son of Judah and Tamar, his daughter-in-law, through whom David descended
Zohar - Descendant of Judah according to the traditional marginal correction (Qere) at 1 Chronicles 4:24
Gederothaim - GEDEROTHAIM occurs in Joshua 15:36 as one of the fourteen cities of Judah that lay in the Shephçlah
Jehosheba - Daughter of Jehoram of Judah
Shear Jashub - His name was a standing memorial to Ahaz, symbolizing the saving of the remnant of Judah when Israel was cast away (Isaiah 7:1-7; Isaiah 10:20-22; Isaiah 6:13), therefore that Pekah of Israel and Rezin of Damascus could not succeed
Pekod - " Otherwise, if a symbolical name here also, Pekod is "inflicter of," "visiting with, judgment," namely, upon Judah, "Aholibah
Carmel - There are two different places of this name in Scripture; Mount Carmel, near the brook Kishon; and Carmel, a city of Judah, where Nabal dwelt
Ahi'Man - ) The whole race was cut off by Joshua, (Joshua 11:21 ) and the three brothers were slain by the tribe of Judah
ja'Min - ) ...
A man of Judah, second son of Ram the Jerahmeelite
a'in - ...
One of the southernmost cities of Judah, (Joshua 15:32 ) afterwards allotted to Simeon, (Joshua 19:7 ; 1 Chronicles 4:32 ) and given to the priests
Askelon - The tribe of Judah, after the death of Joshua, took the city of Askelon, Judges 1:18 , being one of the five governments belonging to the Philistines
Dumah - Town in the highlands of Judah
Jecamiah - Member of clan of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41 )
Israel - See 1 Corinthians 10:18 ; sometimes all true believers, his spiritual seed, Romans 9:6 ; and sometimes the kingdom of Israel, or the ten tribes, as distinct from the kingdom of Judah
Jok'the-el -
A city in the low country of Judah, (Joshua 15:38 ) named next to Lachish
Judah - Now then, if we turn to the prophetical expressions of the dying partiarach Jacob, (Genesis 49:8) concerning Judah, we shall arrive at the full sense of both passages, Leah's, and her husband's. "Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise. " This reading doth not convey to us the expression as strongly though the sense is the same, as by reading it thus: Thou, Judah, thy brethren shall (confessor,) or praise, (as Jehudah;) "thy father's children shall bow down to thee:" that is, they shall acknowledge thee to be the Jeehudah, and as such shall bow down to thee. ...
And this forms a beautiful correspondence to what the apostle, in the gospel-church, in after ages, was commissioned, by the same Holy Spirit that moved the patriarch, (2 Peter 1:1-21; 2Pe 3:18) to tell the people of the Lord Jesus, who sprang out of Judah after the flesh, and was, and is the Jehudah of his people- "who being (saith the apostle) in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross: wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess, that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father. " (Philippians 2:6-11)...
While I am speaking, of Judah, under this one view of him in this memorable prophecy, it may not be amiss to consider him also in another. The same prophetic spirit that was in Jacob, leading him to the acknowledgment of Judah under one character typical of the Messiah, prompted him to speak of him under another. "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come. " Here was a confirmation to the one part of Jacob's dying prophecy, that the Shiloh should not come until the sceptre was departed from Judah-the chief priests confessed that that sceptre was departed, for they acknowledged that they had then no king but Cæsar; and, therefore, the Shiloh was come. " Thus confirming the other prediction of the patriarch, that the lawgiver was not gone from between the feet of Judah until the Shiloh was come, to whom the whole referred. ...
The reader will, I hope, indulge me with one observation more concerning Judah, in respect to this memorable prophecy of his father Jacob; because I humbly conceive it is important, and every thing connected with our Lord Jesus cannot fail of being interesting to his people. And surely, as it is said of Christ in one blessed Scripture, that the names of his people are all "written in the book of life," (Revelation 20:15) and in another he bids his people to "rejoice that their names are written there," (Luke 10:20) as when considering himself the shepherd of his flock, and his people the sheep of his fold, he saith that "he calleth them all by name, and leadeth them out," (John 10:3) and as the whole flocks of the mountains and of the vale, and of the cities of Benjamin, Jerusalem, and Judah, shall all pass again under the hands of him that telleth them, (Jeremiah 33:13) surely it is not stretching the Scripture to say, that the Shebeth of Jehudah is as eminently descriptive of the greatness of his character, when speaking of this use of it, in writing, as in ruling, for sovereignty is implied in both, And the poor feeble hand that is now writing these lines, (earnestly begging forgiveness if he errs in the matter) cannot conclude this article without first saying, (and will not the reader for himself also join the petition?) Oh, that the almighty Jehudah may have graciously exercised the Shebeth of his power, and written my poor name, worthless as it is, among the millions he hath marked down in the book of life! Amen. ...
Judah (2)...
The land of Judah. The kingdom of the ten tribes, or Samaria, was distinct from Judah. It formed a divided character concerning Judah, that this kingdom retained a reverence for the true religion, and the priesthood, and the law, at a time when the ten tribes were following idolatry. It were needless to remark after what was said before concerning Judah, that the name means, the praise of the Lord
Asa - the son and successor of Abijam, king of Judah, began to reign in the year of the world 3049, and before Christ 955. After this he levied three hundred thousand men in Judah, armed with shields and pikes; and two hundred and eighty thousand men in Benjamin, armed with shields and bows, all men of courage and valour. ...
The prophet Azariah met them, and said, "Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin, The Lord is with you while ye be with him, and if ye seek him he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. After this exhortation, Asa, being animated with new courage, destroyed the idols of Judah, Benjamin, and Mount Ephraim; repaired the altar of burnt-offerings; and assembled Judah and Benjamin, with many from the tribes of Simeon, Ephraim, and Manasseh, and on the third day, in the fifteenth year of his reign, celebrated a solemn festival. The Lord gave them peace; and, according to the Chronicles, the kingdom of Judah had rest till the thirty-fifth year of Asa. ...
In this year Baasha, king of Israel, began to fortify Ramah, on the frontiers of the two kingdoms of Judah and Israel, that he might prevent the Israelites from resorting to the kingdom of Judah, and the temple of the Lord at Jerusalem. Asa, however, was so exasperated at his rebukes that he put the Prophet in chains, and at the same time ordered the execution of several persons in Judah
Kings, Books of - The books record the division of the Israelite kingdom into two parts, and the history, decline and fall of the separate kingdoms (see ISRAEL; Judah, TRIBE AND KINGDOM). Prophecy is God’s revelation of himself and his purposes, and in these books he reveals himself in the history of Israel and Judah, showing how all affairs are under his control. Together they became known as the kingdom of Judah. Meanwhile in Judah to the south, King Jehoshaphat carried out extensive religious and political reforms (22:41-53). Jezebel’s Baalism, however, continued to flourish, and even spread to Judah (8:16-9:10). Then a priest named Jehoiada led a revolt that wiped out Jezebel’s Baalism from Judah (11:1-21). The true worship of Yahweh was restored in Judah (12:1-21), but no such reformation took place in Israel (13:1-14:22). ...
With the decline of Syrian power, Israel (under Jeroboam II) and Judah (under Azariah) enjoyed security and prosperity (14:23-15:7). But after Azariah’s death, Judah fell into chaos, which led eventually to the disastrous reign of Ahaz (15:8-16:20). Only Judah remained in the national homeland, and with new policies under the godly Hezekiah the nation freed itself from Assyrian domination (18:1-20:21). ...
Josiah repaired the temple and reformed the nation (22:1-23:27), but he could not save Judah from destruction. After his death, Judah lost its independence, first to Egypt and then to Babylon (23:28-37). More people were taken into captivity and the nation Judah soon came to an end (24:18-25:30)
Jehoram - The son and successor of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah. He married Athahah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel; and, through her influence, all the brothers of the king were murdered, and the gross idolatries of the Phœnicians were introduced into the kingdom of Judah
Joel, Book of - Joel was probably a resident in Judah, as his commission was to that people. He makes frequent mention of Judah and Jerusalem (1:14; 2:1,15,32; 3:1,12,17,20,21)
Judah - It was Judah that interposed in behalf of Joseph, so that his life was spared (Genesis 37:26,27 ). ...
Soon after the sale of Joseph to the Ishmaelites, Judah went to reside at Adullam, where he married a woman of Canaan
Bethshemesh - A Levitical town on the north border of Judah, whither the ark was miraculously guided by God when sent back by the Philistines from Ekron, and where the people were smitten for looking into it. Here Amaziah king of Judah was defeated by Jehoash king of Israel
Jareb - "Ephraim went to the Assyrian and (Judah) sent to king Jareb," "the calf shall be carried into Assyria . " The Assyrian king, seeking his own aggrandizement, proposed to undertake Israel's and Judah's cause. " Judah under Ahaz applied to Tiglath Pileser for aid against Syria and Israel (2 Kings 16:7-8; 2 Chronicles 28:16-21). Instead of "avenger" to ward off foes, the expected protector proved to be God's "avenger" for Israel's and Judah's sins
Caleb - In Numbers 13:6 , Caleb is identified with the tribe of Judah. Perhaps Caleb represented a Kenezite clan that had joined the Israelites and become incorporated into the tribe of Judah
Elishama - A descendant of Judah, son of Jekamiah ( 1 Chronicles 2:41 ). A priest sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the Law in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Artaxerxes - He granted Nehemiah's request to go to Judah (Nehemiah 2:5-6 ), making him governor of Judah (Nehemiah 5:14 )
Pahath Moab - ) Head of a chief house of Judah. Pahath Moab was probably a family of the Shilonites or sons of Shelah of Judah "who anciently had the dominion in Moab" (1 Chronicles 4:22; compare 1 Chronicles 4:14 with 1 Chronicles 2:54, Joab)
Sheba (1) - Judah alone remained faithful to David "from Jordan even to Jerusalem"; the rest of Israel followed Sheba. The division between Israel and Judah already had shown itself under Ishbosheth (2 Samuel 2:4-9), again at the close of Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 19:41-43), David felt the greatness of the crisis, "now shall Sheba do us more harm than did Absalom
Amos - One of the minor Prophets, a native of Tekoa in Judah, possibly the father of the prophet Isaiah. He tells us that his prophecy was given in the days of Uzziah king of Judah and of Jeroboam II, son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake; or at least began at that time
Forget - ”...
As the people worshiped strange gods, Jeremiah reminded Judah that “all thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not” ( Judah complained: “Wherefore dost thou forget us for ever …?” ( Dehir - A town in the mountains of Judah, Joshua 15:49, one of a group of eleven cities to the west of Hebron. A place on the northern border of Judah, behind Jericho
Jab'ne-el -
One of the points on the northern boundary of Judah, not quite at the sea, though near it. (Joshua 15:11 ) There is no sign, however, of its ever having been occupied by Judah
Arimathea - There was another Ramah, about six miles north of Jerusalem, in a pass which separated the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, which Baasha, king of Israel, took and began to fortify; but he was obliged to relinquish it, in consequence of the alliance formed between Asa, king of Judah, and Benhadad, king of Syria, 1 Kings 15
Jehoahaz - otherwise SHALLUM, the son of Josiah, king of Judah, Jeremiah 22:11 . King Necho, at his return from the expedition against Carchemish, provoked at the people of Judah for having placed this prince upon the throne without his consent, sent for him to Riblah, in Syria, divested him of the kingdom, loaded him with chains, and sent him into Egypt, where he died, Jeremiah 22:11-12
Debir - City in the highlands of Judah near Hebron. Place on the north boundary of Judah, near the valley of Achor
ha'Zor - ...
One of the "cities" of Judah in the extreme south, named next in order to Kedesh. (Joshua 15:23 ) ...
Hazor-Hadattah = "new Hazor" another of the southern towns of Judah
Amaziah - ...
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The son and successor of Joash, and eighth king of the separate kingdom of Judah (2 Kings 14:1-4 ). He was the first to employ a mercenary army of 100,000 Israelite soldiers, which he did in his attempt to bring the Edomites again under the yoke of Judah (2 Chronicles 25:5,6 ). The disaster he thus brought upon Judah by his infatuation in proclaiming war against Israel probably occasioned the conspiracy by which he lost his life (2 Kings 14:8-14,19 )
Jehoshaphat - King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne b. He was one of the pious and prosperous kings of Judah. At first he strengthened himself against Israel, but soon afterward formed an alliance with Israel Jehoshaphat tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burned incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in religion
Ziklag - A city in southern Judah, associated with Chesil and Hormah (Joshua 15:31; Joshua 19:5; 1 Chronicles 4:30). Thus Ziklag lay at the confines of Philistia, Judah, and Amalek. Reoccupied after the Babylonian captivity by the men of Judah (Nehemiah 11:28)
Manasseh - The son and impious successor of the good Hezekiah, king of Judah. He abolished the idols he had worshipped and the diviners he had consulted; accomplished many reforms for the spiritual and material good of his kingdom; repaired the defenses of Jerusalem, enclosing with Ophel on the southeast; and strengthened the walled cities of Judah. After a reign longer than that of any other king of Judah, he died in peace and was buried in Jerusalem, 2 Kings 21:1-26 2 Chronicles 33:24
Jew - This name was properly applied to a member of the kingdom of Judah after the separation of the ten tribes. Partly from the predominance of the members of the old kingdom of Judah among those who returned to Palestine, partly from the identification of Judah with the religious ideas and hopes of the people, all the members of the new state were called Jews (Judeans) and the name was extended to the remnants of the race scattered throughout the nations
Joash - In 2 Kings 11:2 , the infant son of King Ahaziah of Judah who survived the bloodbath carried out by Athaliah, the queen mother, following the murder of Ahaziah. Joash was hidden by Jehosheba his aunt for six years, at the end of which time he was popularly proclaimed as the legitimate ruler of Judah in a move instigated by Jehoiada. Subsequently, Joash enjoyed military success not only against Syria but also against neighboring Judah. He defeated Amaziah of Judah in battle at Beth-shemesh and actually entered Jerusalem and plundered the Temple
Tamar (2) - (See Judah. Er and Onan were dead; and Judah's wife Bathshun. Shelab alone remained; and Judah's parental fears for him, lest if joined to Tamar he too like his brothers should die, were preventing Judah from giving him as the tribe law required (Deuteronomy 25:5; Matthew 22:24) to Tamar. Pharez and Zarah were her sons by Judah; and a fruitful race followed, God not sanctioning but overruling evil to His own good purpose (Romans 3:5-8; Ruth 4:12; Ruth 4:22; Matthew 1:3). Absalom's sole surviving child, beautiful as her aunt and father; married Uriel of Gibeah, and bore Maachah, wife of Rehoboam king of Judah (1 Kings 15:2; 2 Chronicles 11:20-22; 2 Chronicles 13:2), and mother of Abijah (2 Samuel 14:7)
Oded - A prophet at the time of Pekah's invasion of Judah who prevailed upon the victorious army to let the captives free
Hephzibah - In 2 Kings 21:1 , the mother of Manasseh, king of Judah
Shephelah - ” Region of low foothills between the Philistine coastal plain and the highlands of Judah farther inland
Telaim - ” City in southern Judah where Saul gathered forces to battle the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:4 )
Hut - The image of Isaiah 1:8 stresses the isolation of Jerusalem, the sole survivor of the cities of Judah ( Isaiah 1:7-9 )
je'Ush - ) ...
Son of Rehoboam king of Judah
Bethuel - ...
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A southern city of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:30 ); called also Bethul (Joshua 19:4 ) and Bethel (12:16; 1 Samuel 30:27 )
Halak - It has by some been identified with the modern Jebel el-Madura, on the south frontier of Judah, between the south end of the Dead Sea and the Wady Gaian
Tribe - (See ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF; Judah, KINGDOM OF
Zabad - He conspired against Joash, king of Judah, and slew him (2 Chronicles 24:25,26 )
Nahshon - Sorcerer, the son of Aminadab, and prince of the children of Judah at the time of the first numbering of the tribes in the wilderness (Exodus 6:23 )
Beer - ) ...
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A town in the tribe of Judah to which Jotham fled for fear of Abimelech ( Judges 9:21 )
Ebed-Melech - ” An Ethiopian eunuch in the service of King Zedekiah of Judah (Jeremiah 38:7 )
Haroeh - ” Descendant of Caleb in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:52 )
Rezeph - ), and which the Assyrians used as a warning to king Hezekiah of Judah in 701 B
Samuel bar abba - In his youth, Samuel studied in Tiberias, Israel, at the Torah academy of Rabbi Judah the Prince
Sal'ma, - the prince of the children of Judah, and father of Boat, the husband of Ruth
Jashubi-Lehem - of Judah, named among Shelah's descendants by Bathshua the Canaanitess (1 Chronicles 4:22)
Mahalaleel - Ancestor of a postexilic members of the tribes of Judah (Nehemiah 11:4 )
Naamah - Village in the Shephelah district of Judah (Joshua 15:41 ), likely khirbet Farad about twenty-two miles west of Jerusalem between Timnah and Eltekeh
Zabdi - Son of Zerah of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 7:1 )
Zair - ” Place where Joram, king of Judah (853-841 B
Jadon - 1), Jadon was the name of the man of God sent from Judah to Jeroboam ( 1 Kings 13:1-34 )
Jattir - A town of Judah in the southern mountains, a Levitical city ( Joshua 15:48 ; Joshua 21:14 , 1 Chronicles 6:42 )
Mixed Multitude - The term is used for those foreigners who joined with the Israelites in the Exodus from Egypt (Exodus 12:38 ), who became associated with the people of Judah during the Exile (Nehemiah 13:3 ), or who were associated with the Egyptians (Jeremiah 25:20 ) or Babylonians (Jeremiah 50:37 )
Gibbethon - As bordering on the Philistines, it was soon seized by them, probably when Jeroboam drove all the Levites from northern Israel to Judah
Ahimam - The three were slain by the tribe of Judah, and the whole race was cut off by Joshua (Joshua 11:21; Judges 1:10)
Sela-Hammahlekoth - of Judah, in the wilderness of Maon, where David was on one side of the mountain, Saul on the other
Bezek - City in which 10,000 of the Canaanites and Perizzites were slain, to be possessed by Judah
Jarmuth - City of Judah, taken from the Amorites by Joshua
Pethahiah - Son of Meshezabeel, a descendant of Judah: he was at the king of Persia's hand 'in all matters concerning the people
Jahath - Son of Reaiah, a descendant of Judah
Shulamite - The 'two armies' seen in the Shulamite doubtless refer to the union of Judah and Israel
Loruhamah - It was given to emphasise the fact that God was going to punish the people of Israel, and take them from the land, though still having mercy for a time on Judah
Timnath - A place to which Judah was going when he was met by his daughter-in-law Tamar, Genesis 38:12-14; R
Adon'i-be'Zek - [1] This chieftain was vanquished by the tribe of Judah, (Judges 1:3-7 ) who cut off his thumbs and great toes, and brought him prisoner to Jerusalem, where he died
Akrabbim - A range of hills on the south border of Judah towards the southern extremity of the Dead Sea; which seems to have been infested with scorpions and serpents
Timnah, Timnath, And Thimnathah - An ancient city of the Canaanites, Genesis 38:12-14 ; on the borders of Judah and Dan after the conquest, Joshua 15:10 19:43
Amasa'i, - (burdensome )
A Kohathite, father of Mahath and ancestor of Samuel (1 Chronicles 6:25,35 ) ...
Chief of the captains of Judah and Benjamin, who deserted to David while an outlaw at Ziklag
en-Gan'Nim -
A city in the low country of Judah, named between Zanoah and Tappuah
Bezal'e-el -
The son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah and one of the architects of the tabernacle
ju'da - [1] (Luke 3:26 ) He seems to be certainly the same person as ABIUD in (Matthew 1:13 ) ...
One of the Lord's brethren, enumerated in (Mark 6:3 ) ...
The patriarch Judah
ne-Ari'ah -
One of the six sons of Shemaiah in the line of the royal family of Judah after the captivity
Adonibezek - He was taken captive by Judah, and they cut off his thumbs and great toes
Athaliah - Daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram, king of Judah. It was a union (compare 1 Corinthians 15:33; 1 Corinthians 6:14-18) fatal to the cause of piety in Judah, a cause which the godly Jehoshaphat had so much at heart. Baal worship through her was introduced into Judah, as it had been through her mother into Israel. Worldly policy, the hope of reuniting Israel to Judah, and concession to his son, whose reckless violence was afterward seen in the murder of his own brothers (2 Chronicles 21:3-4), infatuated Jehoshaphat to sanction the union. ...
When her son Ahaziah was slain by Jehu, along with the brethren of Ahaziah and their sons (42 men), she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah (2 Chronicles 22:10). For six years he was hid, but in the seventh year Jehoiada took into covenant with him for restoring the rightful king "the captains of hundreds," two Azariahs, Ishmael, Maaseiah, and Elishaphat; they next enlisted the cooperation of the Levites, gathered out of Judah, and the chief fathers of Israel who came to Jerusalem
Hakkoz - Clan leader in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Adonibezek - The same barbarous treatment was meted out to him, when defeated at the head of an army of Canaanites and Perizzites, by Judah and Simeon, Judges 1:4-7
Sepharad - A country in which was a community of exiles from Judah in the days of the prophet Obadiah ( Obadiah 1:20 )
Perez - ), breach, the son of Judah (Nehemiah 11:4 )
Ephes-Dammim - Boundary of blood, a place in the tribe of Judah where the Philistines encamped when David fought with Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1 )
Ephron - ...
...
A mountain range which formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:9 ), probably the range on the west side of the Wady Beit-Hanina
Hareth - Thicket, a wood in the mountains of Judah where David hid when pursued by Saul (1 Samuel 22:5 )
Hiss - (Zechariah 10:8 ) speaks of the Lord gathering the house of Judah as it were with a hiss: "I will hiss for them
Jattir - ” Town in the hills of the tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:48 )
Ashan - (Joshua 15:42): a city of the low country of Judah
Kinah - border of Judah, next Edom (Joshua 15:22)
Talmai -
One of the Anakim of Hebron, who were slain by the men of Judah under Caleb (Numbers 13:22 ; Joshua 15:14 ; Judges 1:10 )
Achzib -
A town in the Shephelah, or plain country of Judah (Joshua 15:44 ); probably the same as Chezib of Genesis 38:5 = Ain Kezbeh
Amminadab -
The father of Nahshon, who was chief of the tribe of Judah (Numbers 1:7 ; 2:3 ; 7:12,17 ; 10:14 )
Ibzan - Of Bethlehem (probably in Zebulun, as "Ephratah" or" Judah" is not added, Joshua 19:15)
Nabal - ) A sheepmaster on the border of Judah which took its name from the great "Caleb" (3) (1 Samuel 30:14), next the wilderness
Naamah - ...
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A city in the plain of Judah (Joshua 15:41 ), supposed by some to be identified with Na'aneh, some 5 miles south-east of Makkedah
Beth-Ezel - ” City Micah used in a wordplay to announce judgment on Judah about 701 B
Bithron - ” As David ruled Judah in Hebron and Ishbosheth ruled Israel in Mahanaim, their armies clashed under generals Joab and Abner
Holon - A city of Judah in the Hebron hills, given to the Levites ( Joshua 15:51 ; Joshua 21:15 )
Tobi'Jah -
One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat, to teach the law in the cities of Judah
Maon - One of the cities of Judah, in the mountains
Bathshua - Canaanite wife of Judah and mother of Er, Onan, and Shelah (1 Chronicles 2:3 NAS, TEV, NRSV)
Kabzeel - Located in the southeast part of Judah near the border of Edom (Joshua 15:21 )
Bezek - A place attacked by Judah after Joshua’s death, probably Bezkah , a ruin W
Eshtemoa - In the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:50 here called Eshtemoh ), a Levitical city in the district of Hebron ( Joshua 21:14 ), to which David sent a share of the spoil of the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 30:28 )
Meshach - The name Mishael , by which one of Da niel’s three companions, of the children of Judah, was originally called, was changed by the prince of the eunuchs into Meshach ( Daniel 1:7 and ch
Rabba bar nahmeini - Student of Rav Huna and Rav Judah ben Ezekiel
Ahiman - One of the sons of Anak, at Hebron ( Numbers 13:22 ): the three claus, of which this was one, were either destroyed by Judah ( Judges 1:10 ), or expelled by the clan Caleb ( Joshua 15:14 )
Darda - In 1 Chronicles 2:6 apparently the same four ( Dara is probably an error for Darda ) are mentioned with Zimri as sons of Zerah, the son of Judah by Tamar ( Genesis 38:30 )
Bethzur - City in the mountains of Judah, apparently founded by Maon
Ink, Inkhorn - Jeremiah caused Baruch to write in a book with ink the denunciations against Israel and Judah
Hepher - Son of Ashur and Naarah, of the tribe of Judah
Achzib - Town in southern Judah, perhaps modern Tel el-Beida near Lachish (Joshua 15:44 )
Onan - ” A son of Judah and his Canaanite wife, Shuah (Genesis 38:2-8 )
Adummim - It formed the border of Judah and Benjamin in the tribal allotments Joshua made (Joshua 15:7 ; Joshua 18:17 )
Timnath - Place in which Judah was shearing his sheep when he met with Tamar
Sibbecai - Of the Zarhite family of Judah
Eshcol - This was a valley or brook, so called, in the south of Judah, and perhaps took its name from the clusters of grapes there abounding
Abihil - Daughter of Eliab, and wife of Rehoboam, king of Judah
Ephratah - The ancient name of Bethlehem-judah
Ach'Zib -
A city in the lowlands of Judah, named with Keilah and Mareshah
Obed - a prophet of the Lord, who, being at Samaria when the Israelites of the ten tribes returned from the war with their King Pekah, together with two hundred thousand of the people of Judah, whom they had taken captive, went out to meet them; and through his remonstrances the captives were liberated, 2 Chronicles 28
Tekoa - Jeremiah 6:1 , a city of Judah, now in ruins, situated on an extended height, twelve miles south of Jerusalem
Kirjath-Jearim, or Kirjath-Baal - Joshua 15:9,60 , a city of the Gibeonites afterwards given to Judah
Chesil - ” A city of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:30 )
Lachish - A city in the southwest part of Judah, Joshua 10:3,5,31 ; fortified by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:9 , and strong enough to resist for a time the whole army of Sennacherib, 2 Kings 18:17 19:8 2 Chronicles 32:1,9,21 Micah 1:13
Iddo - A prophet of Judah, who prophesied against Jeroboam, and wrote the history of Rehoboam and Abijah, 2 Chronicles 9:29 12:15 13:22
Evil-Merodach - His friendly treatment of Jehoiachin the captive king of Judah, in releasing him from prison and variously distinguishing him above other captives, is mentioned to his praise, 2 Kings 25:27 ; Jeremiah 52:31 - 34
je'Arim - (forests ) , Mount, a place named in specifying the northern boundary of Judah
Nethani'ah - (2 Kings 25:23,25 ) He was of the royal family of Judah
Neph'Toah, - The spring or source of the water or (inaccurately) waters of Nephtoah was one of the landmarks in the boundary line which separated Judah from Benjamin
du'Mah - (Genesis 25:14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:30 ; Isaiah 21:11 ) ...
A city in the mountainous district of Judah, near Hebron, (Joshua 15:52 ) represented by the ruins of a village called ed-Daumeh , six miles southwest of Hebron
o'Nan - (strong ), the second son of Judah by the Canaanitess, "the daughter of Shua
Eshtem'o-a, - and in shorter form Eshtemoh ( obedience ), a town of Judah in the mountains, ( Joshua 15:50 ) allotted to the priest
Jarmuth -
A town in the plain of Judah (Joshua 15:35 ), originally the residence of one of the Canaanitish kings (10:3,5,23)
Ahijah the shilonite - After Solomon's death, he prophesied that the northern ten tribes would secede from the Davidic dynasty ruled by the Kings of Judah and crown Jeroboam as their king
Engedi - In the tribal allotments, it was given to Judah and was in the district of Judah known as the wilderness district (Joshua 15:62 ). During the reign of Jehoshaphat, Moabites, Ammonites, and others gathered at Engedi to attack Judah (2 Chronicles 20:1-2 )
Azekah - Joshua allotted it to Judah (Joshua 15:35 ). Rehoboam, king of Judah, (931-913 B. The tribe of Judah occupied it in Nehemiah's day (Nehemiah 11:30 ), after it had been one of the last cities to fall to Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 588 B
Judah Territory of - Judah, Territory of. — The district assigned to the tribe of Judah in the Promised Land, with its cities, is described in Joshua 15:1-63. ...
The territory of Judah comprised four regions quite distinct in physical features: 1
Jehoiakim - Name given by Pharaoh-Necho, to ELIAKIM son of Josiah king of Judah, whom he made king in the room of Jehoahaz his brother. After three years Jehoiakim revolted and God sent against him bands of the Chaldees, the Syrians, the Moabites, and the Ammonites to destroy Judah on account of their wickedness. In the fourth year of his reign, Jeremiah wrote in a book his prophecies against Judah and Israel, which were read in the Lord's house; but when tidings of this reached the king he sent for the book, heard it read, and then cut it in pieces and burnt it
Micah, Book of - The prophet Micah's name means, “Who is like Yah?” People in the Ancient Near East commonly gave their children names that indicated devotion to their god, and Yahweh was the name by which the God of Israel and Judah was called. This village was located about 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem in the tribe of Judah. ) who were kings of Judah. Samaria was the capital of the Northern Kingdom (Israel) and Jerusalem, of the Southern Kingdom (Judah). Even though Micah ministered in Judah, some of his messages were directed toward Israel. ” While Judah survived, they still were vassals. Hezekiah, king of Judah, instituted many reforms that caused the Assyrian king, Sennacherib, to respond with force. Many cities of Judah were destroyed, and Jerusalem was unsuccessfully besieged ( 2 Kings 18-19 ). He predicted the destruction of Judah as an act of God's judgment. Instead, the message from God was the imminent devastation of Judah (Micah 3:5-12 ). They did not quit believing in and worshiping the God of Judah, but they combined this worship with devotion to other details (Micah 5:10-15 ). Ultimately, Judah was destroyed in 586 B
Amos - The fourth of the minor prophets, was a herdsman of Tekoah, a small town of Judah, about twelve miles south of Jerusalem. He prophesied, however, concerning Israel, at Bethel, in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Jeroboam II, king of Israel, about B
Mareshah - A city of the shephelah or "low hills" of Judah (Joshua 15:43). Mareshah sprung from Shelah, third son of Judah, through Laadah
Baruch - He was of the tribe of Judah (51:59). These he read to the people from a window in the temple in the fourth year of the reign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (Jeremiah 36 )
Necho - Josiah, king of Judah, being tributary to the king of Babylon, opposed Necho on his first expedition against Nebuchadnezzar, and gave him battle at Megiddo, where he received the wound of which he died. Carchemish was retaken by the army of the king of Babylon, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, Jeremiah 46:2; so that Necho did not retain his conquests in Syria more than four years
Libnah - Joshua allotted it to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:42 ) and separated it as a city for the Levites (Joshua 21:13 ). It illustrated western border rebellion against King Joram of Judah (853-841 B
Jehoiachin - Son and successor of Jehoiakim king of Judah. 599, when Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, and the great captivity of Judah was accomplished
Zebadiah - A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the Cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8). Son of Ishmael, and prince of Judah under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 19:11)
Maacah, Maachah - Daughter, or apparently granddaughter of Absalom (or Abishalom), wife of Rehoboam king of Judah, mother of Abijah (or Abijam), and apparently grandmother of Asa king of Judah
Athaliah - 18), wife of Jehoram king of Judah. She may be said to have introduced the worship of Baal into Judah, and she brought up her son to follow in her evil ways
Salt, Valley of - The battle field between Judah and Edom where David and Amaziah conquered Abishai. of the Salt Sea; the boundary between Judah and Edom
Jehoiachin - JEHOIACHIN , king of Judah, ascended the throne when Nebuchadrezzar was on the march to punish the rebellion of Jehoiakim. Ezekiel, who seems to have regarded him as the rightful king of Judah even in captivity, pronounced a dirge over him ( 2 Kings 19:1 ff
Hazor - A city in the south of Judah; probably should be written Hazor-ithman, Joshua 15:23. Another town of Judah; called Hazor-hadattah, or New Hazor
Jesse - Obed's son, father of David; sprung from the Moabitess Ruth and the Canaanite Rahab of Jericho; and from Nahshon, at the Exodus chief of Judah, and so from the great house of Pharez, through Hezron. His designation "the Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah" (1 Samuel 17:12) implies that he was of a very old family in the place
Simeon - It received part of the area of Judah (since Judah’s area was too large for it) in the south of Canaan. The result was that Simeon soon lost its separate tribal identity and became part of the more powerful Judah (Joshua 19:1; Joshua 19:9; Judges 1:3; Judges 1:17). Towns belonging to Simeon were counted as belonging to Judah (Joshua 19:1-5; cf. Though absorbed by Judah, the Simeonites continued to maintain their own genealogical records (1 Chronicles 4:24; 1 Chronicles 4:33; 1 Chronicles 12:24-25)
Zephaniah - So far as we know, Zephaniah was the first prophet to appear in Judah since Isaiah and Micah, whose work had come to an end seventy years earlier. His preaching marked the beginning of a new era of prophetic activity in Judah, but it was an era that was to end in the destruction of Jerusalem. After his reign the spiritual condition of Judah was worse than that for which God had destroyed the Canaanites in the time of Joshua. The destruction of Judah appeared to be inevitable (2 Kings 21:1-16)
Caleb -
One of the three sons of Hezron of the tribe of Judah. He was one of the family chiefs of the tribe of Judah. Some, however, read "Jephunneh, the son of Kenez," who was a descendant of Hezron, the son of Pharez, a grandson of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:5 ). ...
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Caleb gave his name apparently to a part of the south country (1 Samuel 30:14 ) of Judah, the district between Hebron and Carmel, which had been assigned to him
Zechariah - One of the princes of Judah whom Jehoshaphat sent with priests and Levites to teach the people. Son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. Father of Abijah, wife of Ahaz king of Judah. Prince of Judah, and one of the rulers of the house of God
Hareth - It was in Judah, but the exact location is debated
Iim - Town on southern border of tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:29 )
Chebar - ) beside which the principal colony of the first Exile of Judah was planted
Zarakes - Called in 1Es 1:38 brother of Joakim or Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and said to have been brought up out of Egypt by him
Achzib - City of Judah, Joshua 15:44 ; Micah 1:14 : probably the same that is called elsewhere CHEZIB and perhaps CHOZEBA
Azekah - City in the plain of Judah with adjacent villages, near Shochoh, the scene of one of Joshua's victories
Mattaniah - ), the last of the kings of Judah (2 Kings 24:17 )
Gederah - The fortress; a fortified place, a town in the plain (shephelah) of Judah (Joshua 15:36 )
J - The source is thought to have originated in Judah earlier than the E source (about 900 B
Babe - In Isaiah 3:4 the word "babes" refers to a succession of weak and wicked princes who reigned over Judah from the death of Josiah downward to the destruction of Jerusalem
Ziz - It has been identified as an ascent near En-gedi from the plain of the Dead Sea to the tableland of Judah
Sho'Bal - ) ...
In (1 Chronicles 4:1,2 ) Shobal appears with Hur among the sons of Judah
Sha'Mir - )
A town in the mountain district of Judah
Lean - ...
Jeremiah 6:9 (b) This figure represents the thorough work of the enemies of the people of Judah when they invaded the land and carried them away as prisoners
Sheshbazzar - ) "Prince" (ha-nasi , the Jewish term for head of the tribe) and "governor" (pechah , the Persian Cyrus appointing him) of Judah
Eglon - An Amorite town in Judah
ad'Nah - ) ...
The captain of over 300,000 men of Judah who were in Jehoshaphat's army
Akrab'Bim - (the ascent of , or the going up to ); also MAALEH-ACRABBIM ( the scorpion pass ), A pass between the south end of the Dead Sea and Zin, forming one of the landmarks on the south boundary at once of Judah, ( Joshua 15:3 ) and of the Holy Land
Ziz - (the projection ), The cliff of, the pass by which the horde of Moabites, Ammonites and Mehunim made their way up from the shores of the Dead Sea to the wilderness of Judah near Tekoa
Hamath - This city was taken by the kings of Judah, and afterward retaken by the Syrians, and recovered from them by Jeroboam the Second, 2 Kings 14:28
Arad - A Canaanitish city in the south of Judah
Ashdod - One of the five confederate cities of the Philistines, allotted to Judah, Joshua 15:46-47 : the chief seat of Dagon-worship, 1 Samuel 5:1-12
Keilah - A city in the lowland of Judah, near the Philistine frontier
Libnah - A city in the western part of Judah, not far from Lachish, conquered by Joshua from the Canaanites, and assigned to the priests, Joshua 10:29,30 15:42 21:13 1 Chronicles 6:57
Oded - A prophet of the Lord, who, being at Samaria when the Israelites under king Pekah returned from the war against Judah and brought 200,000 captives, went to meet them, and remonstrated with them; so that the principal men in Samaria took care of the prisoners, gave them clothes, food, and other assistance, and carried the feeble on asses
Min'Nith - ( Judges 11:33 ) The "wheat of Minnith" is mentioned in (Ezekiel 27:17 ) as being supplied by Judah and Israel to Tyre; but there is nothing to indicate that the same place is intended, and indeed the word is believed by some not to be a proper name
ne'Zib - (garrison, pillar ), a city of Judah, ( Joshua 15:43 ) only, in the district of the Shefelah or lowland, one of the same group with Keilah and Mareshah
e'Tam - Joshua 19:7 ...
A place in Judah, fortified and garrisoned by Rehoboam
Elim'Elech - (my God is king ), a man of the tribe of Judah and of the family of the Hezronites, who dwelt in Bethlehem-Ephratah in the days of the Judges
Gemari'ah - He was one of the nobles of Judah, and had a chamber int he house of the Lord, from which Baruch read Jeremiah's alarming prophecy in the ears of all the people, B
Jehon'Athan - ...
One of the Levites who were sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah, with a book of the law, to teach the people
Lean - ...
Jeremiah 6:9 (b) This figure represents the thorough work of the enemies of the people of Judah when they invaded the land and carried them away as prisoners
Riblah - City in the land of Hamath, where Pharaoh-nechoh imprisoned Jehoahaz, and whence the king of Babylon carried Zedekiah, when he slew his sons and the priests and chief men of Judah
Jehoram - This he endeavoured to suppress, and with the aid of Jehoshaphat of Judah he obtained some successes. Jehoram of Judah , son of Jehoshaphat, came to the throne during the reign of the other Jehoram in Israel. All that the history tells us is that he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and that Edom revolted successfully from Judah in his time
Fortified Cities - The Bible contains two lists of fortified cities, one for Naphtali (Joshua 19:35-38 ), and a list of cities Rehoboam fortified for Judah (2 Chronicles 11:5-12 ). Among the more important cities in these lists are Hazor in Naphtali and Bethlehem, Tekoa, Hebron, Gath, and Lachish in Judah. At the end of the monarchy, Jeremiah reported that the Babylonians had conquered all the fortified cities of Judah except Lachish and Azekah (Jeremiah 34:6-7 )
Diaspora - the Babylonians captured the Southern Kingdom (Judah) and followed the same policy of resettlement. Many of the residents of Judah were transported to Babylon (2 Kings 25:8-12 ). While some of these persons later returned to Judah, many of them remained permanently in Babylon
Tekoa - A town of Judah (2 Chronicles 11:6). Jeremiah, warning Judah to flee southward from the enemy advancing from the N. ) In the lists of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:24; 1 Chronicles 4:5) Ashur, Hezron's posthumous son and Caleb's brother, is mentioned as father, i
Josiah - King of Judah, who succeeded his father Amon when only eight years old ( 2 Kings 22:1 ). This was henceforth to be the only sanctuary in Judah. Probably he hoped to restore the real independence of Judah
Zerah - Younger twin son with Pharez of Judah and Tamar (Genesis 38:30; 1 Chronicles 2:6; Matthew 1:3). ...
"Jehovah smote the Ethiopians before Asa and before Judah, and the Ethiopians fled, and Asa pursued them unto Gerar, and the Ethiopians were overthrown that they could not recover themselves, for they were destroyed before Jehovah and before His host, and they carried away much spoil" (2 Chronicles 14:9-13). Zerah seems to have taken advantage of Egypt's weakness to extort permission to march his enormous force, composed of the same nationalities (Ethiopians and Lubims: 2 Chronicles 16:8; 2 Chronicles 12:3) as those of the preceding invader Shishak, through Egypt, into Judah
Joram or Jehoram - Joram secured the aid of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and after receiving for his allies' sake a miraculous deliverance from drought, defeated the Moabites with great slaughter. The son and successor of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. He also introduced Phoenician idols and their worship into Judah
Bethlehem - It was in the tribe of Judah, six miles south by west of Jerusalem, and probably received its appellation from the fertility of the circumjacent country. It was fortified by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:6 , but was comparatively an unimportant place, Micah 5:1 , and is not mentioned by Joshua or Nehemiah among the cities of Judah. An unknown place in Zebulun, Joshua 19:15 Judges 12:10 , in distinction from which the city of David was often called Bethlehem-Judah
Judea - On the return from Babylon the Jews, besides Judah, included large portions of Benjamin, Levi, Ephraim, and Manasseh (Ezra 1:5; Ezra 10:5-9; Nehemiah 11:4-36; 1 Chronicles 9:3; "Israel," Ezra 2:70; Ezra 2:59; Ezra 3:1; Ezra 10:5; Nehemiah 7:73), and many whose pedigree could not be found. The amalgamation began when Jeroboam's idolatry drove the godly of northern Israel to Judah, again it took place under Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 30-33). 3, section 5), Jardan its southern boundary: comprising the territory of Judah, Dan, Simeon, and Benjamin, 100 miles long, 60 broad
Jehoram - Judah and Israel each had a king named Jehoram (often shortened to Joram). Judah’s Jehoram was the son of the good king Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:50). He married Athaliah, daughter of the Israelite king Ahab and his Baalist wife Jezebel, and introduced the Baalism of Jezebel into Judah (2 Kings 8:16-18; 2 Chronicles 21:4-6). During his reign Edom and Philistia broke free from Judah’s rule (2 Chronicles 21:8), and Arab raiders plundered Judah with much success (2 Chronicles 21:16-17). ...
Israel’s Jehoram (often called Joram, to avoid confusion) was brother-in-law to Judah’s Jehoram
Beth-Eked - Place where Jehu, after slaughtering all members of King Ahab's house in Jezreel, met representatives from King Ahaziah of Judah and killed them (2 Kings 10:12-14 )
Gur-Baal - ” An Arabian or bedouin city which God helped King Uzziah of Judah (792-740 B
Seir - A mountain of Judah, near Kirjath-jearim, Joshua 15:10
Amminadab - A son of Aram, of the tribe of Judah, and father of Naashon
Bethzur - House of rock, a town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:58 ), about 4 miles to the north of Hebron
Eth-Baal - This marriage of Ahab was most fatal to both Israel and Judah
Jehozadak - High priest at the time Nebuchadnezzar carried Judah into Babylonian Exile about 587 B
Arad - of the wilderness of Judah (Judges 1:16)
Manahath - Manahath is connected possibly with the Manahethites (1 Chronicles 2:52; 1 Chronicles 2:54) in Judah
Gedor -
A city in the mountains or hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:58 ), identified with Jedar, between Jerusalem and Hebron
Tappuah -
A town in the valley or lowland of Judah; formerly a royal city of the Canaanites (Joshua 12:17 ; 15:34 )
Adonibezek - Lord of Bezek, a Canaanitish king who, having subdued seventy of the chiefs that were around him, made an attack against the armies of Judah and Simeon, but was defeated and brought as a captive to Jerusalem, where his thumbs and great toes were cut off
Middin - One of the six cities of Judah in the "wilderness" (midbar ; Joshua 15:61, including the waste on the upper level, the cliffs, and shore of the lake)
Dumah - There was also a town of this name in Judah (Joshua 15:52 ), which has been identified with ed-Domeh, about 10 miles southwest of Hebron
u'ri - (Exodus 31:2 ; 35:30 ; 38:22 ; 1 Chronicles 2:20 ; 2 Chronicles 1:5 ) He was of the tribe of Judah, and grandson of Caleb ben-Hezron
Tappuah (1) - A city of Judah in the shephelah or low hilly region (Joshua 15:34); on the lower slopes of the hills, 12 miles W
Mareshah - A city of Judah in the low country
Lod - (Ezra 2:33 ; Nehemiah 7:37 ; Nehemiah 11:35 ) at what appears as the westernmost postexilic settlement though probably outside the governing authority of Sanballat of Samaria and of Judah (Nehemiah 6:2 )
Beth-Dagon - A city of Judah ( Joshua 15:41 ), somewhere in the Shephelah
Kain - A city in the uplands of Judah ( Joshua 15:57 ), probably to be identified with the modern Khirbet Yakîn , on a hill S
Emerald - Judah which means "praise" had his name graven on the emerald stone on the breastplate of the high priest
Jabneel - A town of Judah; called also Jabneh
Arbite - of Judah, is mentioned Joshua 15:52
Jehonathan - 2 Chronicles 17:8 one of the Levites sent out by Jehoshaphat with the Book of the Law to teach the people in the cities of Judah
Ephrathite - Inhabitant of Ephrath or Beth-lehem-judah
Tappuah - A town in the plain country of Judah
zo'Rah - (Joshua 15:33 ) in the catalogue of Judah, among the places in the district of the Shefelah (Authorized Version "Zoreah"), It was the residence of Manoah and the native place of Samson
Israelites - the descendants of Israel, who were first called Hebrews by reason of Abraham, who came from the other side of the Euphrates; and afterward Israelites, from Israel, the father of the twelve tribes; and, lastly, Jews, particularly after their return from the captivity of Babylon; because the tribe of Judah was then much stronger and more numerous than the other tribes, and foreigners had scarcely any knowledge but of this tribe
Peor - Mountain in Moab opposite the wilderness of Judah
Tobiah - During Nehemiah's absence, Tobiah was unlawfully established by some of the chief men of Judah, his relatives, in a fine apartment of the new temple; but was ignominiously expelled on the governor's return, Nehemiah 6:17-19 ; 13:1-9
Etam - A town in Judah near Bethlehem and Tekoa; a favorite resort of Solomon, and fortified by Rehoboam, 1 Chronicles 4:3,32 2 Chronicles 11:6
Jar'Muth -
A town in the low country of Judah
Zab'di -
Son of Zerah the son of Judah, and ancestor of Achan
Uzzia(h) - Also known as Azariah (2Kings 15:1,2Kings 15:6-8,2Kings 15:17,22 Chronicles 25:21-241 Kings 15:27 ); son and successor of King Amaziah of Judah. “All the people of Judah” declared Uzziah king when he was sixteen (2 Kings 14:21 ; 2 Chronicles 26:1 ). ...
Uzziah's reign was a time a great material prosperity for Judah. ...
Uzziah is not so much remembered as the leader who brought Judah to a golden age rivaling David's and Solomon's empires, but as the “leper king. Descendant of Judah and father of a postexilic resident of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:4 )
Zephaniah, Prophecy of - The date to the prophecy is 'the days of Josiah' king of Judah, who reigned B. The prophet proclaims the judgements that must fall upon the land, and upon Judah and Jerusalem, though with grace to the faithful remnant at the end. Within four years of the close of Josiah's reign Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, the holy vessels carried away, and the captivity of Judah commenced. Judgement would surely overtake them, and their gold and silver should not deliver them in the great day of God's wrath upon the whole land of Judah and Jerusalem. The nations of those mentioned in the previous chapter would be completely cut off; and then Jehovah says, Surely Judah will listen to Me! In the future, Jehovah, after punishing the nations, will turn to His people, and a remnant will be brought into blessing
Jehoshaphat - king of Judah, son of Asa, king of Judah, and Azabah, daughter of Shilhi, ascended the throne at the age of thirty-five, and reigned twenty-five years. He had the advantage over Baasha, king of Israel; and he placed good garrisons in the cities of Judah and of Ephraim, which had been conquered by his father. In the third year of his reign he sent some of his officers, with priests and Levites, through all the parts of Judah, with the book of the law, to instruct the people. He built several houses in Judah in the form of towers, and fortified several cities. This number seems prodigious for so small a state as that of Judah; but, probably, these troops were only an enrolled militia. Accordingly, these people being assembled the next day against Judah, quarrelled, and killed one another; and Jehoshaphat and his army had only to gather their spoils
Goshen - It was a part of the maritime plain of Judah, and lay between Gaza and Gibeon. ...
...
A town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:51 )
Hodaviah - A clan of Levites who returned to Judah under Zerubbabel about 537 B. Ezra 3:9 reads Judah instead of Hodaviah, probably a copyists' change from the less familiar to the more familiar word
Judah - The whole southern part of Palestine fell to Judah's lot; but the tribes of Simeon and Dan possessed many cities which at first were given to Judah. The crown passed from the tribe of Benjamin, of which Saul and his sons were, to that of Judah, which was David's tribe, and the tribe of the kings, his successors, until the Babylonish captivity
Ethan - The Ezrahite, one of Mahol's (but Zerah's, of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 2:6 Darda; these Levites being associated with the house of Zerah of Judah by residence or citizenship, compare Judges 18:7; 1 Samuel 1:1) four sons, whose wisdom Solomon's surpassed (1 Kings 4:31); title of Psalms 89:2
Plant - …” The regular word for planting trees and vineyards, nâṭa‛ is used figuratively of planting people: “Yet I had planted thee [1] a noble vine …” ( Judah are called God’s “pleasant planting” ( Elah, Valley of - Near Shocoh of Judah and Azekah; Ekron was the nearest Philistine town. of Jerusalem on the road to Gaza, near where the western hills of Judah slope toward the Philistine plain; on the S
Elath - Edom revolted in the Israelite king Joram's days; Azariah (Uzziah) of Judah "built Elath and restored it to Judah" (2 Kings 8:20; 2 Kings 14:22)
Ashkelon, Askelon - It fell to the lot of Judah, who took Askelon and the coasts thereof, Judges 1:18 , but they did not really subdue it, for it was in the hands of the Philistines when Samson, with the Spirit of the Lord upon him, slew thirty men in the city and took their spoil, Judges 14:19 , and that it remained so we see from 1 Samuel 6:17 , and 2 Samuel 1:20 . The judgements of God were denounced against this city, Jeremiah 25:20 ; Jeremiah 47:5,7 ; Amos 1:8 ; Zechariah 9:5 ; and the remnant of Judah should dwell there
Mahlon - (Amos 8:11) In this state this house in Israel left Bethlehem-Judah, the land of bread, and the bread of JEHUDAH, (for so Bethlehem-Judah means) and went to sojourn in Moab
Hazor - City in the south of Judah. Apparently another city of Judah, which is distinguished thus: 'Hezron, which is Hazor
Ahaz - The evil king of Judah (735-715). Ahaz, whose name means “he has grasped,” was the son and successor of Jotham as king of Judah and the father of Hezekiah
Hinnom - The valley of the son or sons of Hinnom, or, more concisely, the valley of Hinnom, the boundary between Judah and Benjamin. It is mentioned after the captivity again as the frontier of Judah and Benjamin
de'Bir -
A town in the mountains of Judah, (Joshua 15:49 ) one of a group of eleven cities to the west of Hebron. ...
A place on the north boundary of Judah, near the "valley of Achor
Benjamin - It was valiant, Genesis 49:27 , and "beloved of the Lord," dwelling safely by him, Deuteronomy 33:12 ; for its territory adjoined Judah and the Holy City on the north. At the revolt of the ten tribes, Benjamin adhered to the cause of Judah; and the two tribes were ever afterwards closely united, 1 Kings 11:13 12:20 Ezra 4:1 10:9
de'Bir -
A town in the mountains of Judah, (Joshua 15:49 ) one of a group of eleven cities to the west of Hebron. ...
A place on the north boundary of Judah, near the "valley of Achor
Amazi'ah -
Son of Joash, and eighth king of Judah, reigned B. (1 Chronicles 6:45 ) ...
Priest of the golden calf at Bethel who endeavored to drive the prophet Amos from Israel into Judah
Jeho'Ahaz - , ( 2 Kings 14:24,25 ) ...
Jehoahaz, otherwise called Shallum, son of Josiah, whom he succeeded as king of Judah. ...
The name given, (2 Chronicles 21:17 ) to Ahaziah, the youngest son of Jehoram king of Judah
Hezekiah -
Son of Ahaz (2 Kings 18:1 ; 2 Chronicles 29:1 ), whom he succeeded on the throne of the kingdom of Judah. A great reformation was wrought in the kingdom of Judah in his day (2 Kings 18:4 ; 2 Chronicles 29:3-36 ). This led to the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:13-16 ), who took forty cities, and besieged Jerusalem with mounds. He had "after him none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him" (2 Kings 18:5 )
Timnah - Judah went to shear his sheep in Timnah (Genesis 38:13-14). A boundary town in Judah on the N. Timnah when deserted by the Danite emigrants to Laish fell by turns to Judah and the Philistines. A town in the mountain district of Judah, enumerated with Maon, Ziph, and Carmel S
Hormah - Taken by Judah and Simeon (Judges 1:17). Judah appropriated it (Joshua 15:30; 1 Samuel 26:30). But Simeon's territory was so blended with that of Judah that elsewhere it is enumerated among Simeon's towns (1 Chronicles 4:30). Finally under the judges Judah and Simeon consummated the ban of Moses and his contemporaries on it, so that henceforth its name was permanently Hormah
Shaaraim - City in tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:36 )
te'Lem -
One of the cities in the extreme south of Judah, (Joshua 15:24 ) probably the same as Telaim
Er - Firstborn of Judah, by Bathshua, a Canaanite; the marriage with this daughter of a corrupt race producing sin and sorrow
Irnahash - 1 Chronicles 4:12 lists it as a personal name in the descendants of Judah, using the device of the “Table of Nations” ( Genesis 10:1 ) and other passages of listing cities by original ancestors in the form of a genealogy
Ira (2) - of Jattir, a town in the mountainous region of Judah, which David haunted in the time of Saul's persecution, and to which he sent presents for his friends from the Amalekite spoil (1 Samuel 30:27)
Karkaa - A southern bound of Judah (Joshua 15:3)
Rezin - ) in an invasion of the kingdom of Judah (2 Kings 15:37 ; 16:5-9 ; Isaiah 7:1-8 )
Dibon - ) ...
...
A city of the tribe of Judah, inhabited after the Captivity (Nehemiah 11:25 ); called also Dimonah (Joshua 15:22 )
Bithiah - ” Daughter of an Egyptian pharaoh whom Mered, a descendant of tribe of Judah, married (1 Chronicles 4:17 NAS, RSV; 1 Chronicles 4:18 KJV; NIV)
Princess - Feminine form of the common word for leader or ruler applied to a king's wife ( Psalm 45:13 NIV, NRSV) and to the leading women of Judah ( Jeremiah 43:6 NRSV)
Hashmonah - Heshmon (Joshua 15:27), an "uttermost city of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward," like Kedesh outside the natural frontier of Palestine, in the extreme N
Bealoth - Town on southern border of tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:24 )
Carites - The Carites were either mercenary soldiers recruited from Cilicia by Judah and other countries such as Egypt, or the meaning of the term can no longer be determined
Koz - A member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:8 )
Seraphim - Isaiah envisioned the seraphim as agents of God who prepared him to proclaim the Lord's message to Judah (Isaiah 6:2 )
en-Gannim - A town of Judah noticed with Zanoah and Eshtaol; perhaps the ruin Umm Jina in the valley near Zanoah
Achzib - Micah 1:14 predicts that Achzib shall be to the kings of Judah achzab (‘deceptive’), a stream whose waters fail when most needed (cf
Bezaleel - Son of Uri, ofthe tribe of Judah
Abihail - Woman in family list of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:29 )
Zin, Wilderness of - A district far south of Judah, lying between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Akaba, in which Kadesh was situated, and in which a great part of the wanderings of the Israelites occurred
Eliashib - Son of Elioenai, a descendant of the royal house of Judah
Libnah - It was allotted to Judah and was afterwards given to the priests
Amminadab, Aminadab - Prince of the tribe of Judah, father of Naashon, Naasson, or Nahshon, and of Elisheba wife of Aaron
Esar-Haddon - 680 to 667, and during it Manasseh, the king of Judah, was taken prisoner by his captains and carried before him at Babylon, and kept a captive for some time
Jehoiakim - or ELIAKIM, the brother and successor of Jehoahaz, king of Judah, was advanced to the throne by Pharaoh-Necho, king of Egypt, A
Jeruel Wilderness - of the Dead Sea into Judah (2 Chronicles 20:16; 2 Chronicles 20:24); containing "the watchtower" built there for observing from afar such inroads
Rezin - A king of Damascene Syria, who united with Pekah king of Israel to invade Judah, B
e'Phra-in - (hamlet ), a city of Israel which Judah captured from Jeroboam
Judah, Kingdom of - ...
The tribe Judah comprised the whole territory S. ) Judah included southern Benjamin and Jerusalem the joint city of both, Simeon, and many cities of Daniel In Abijah's and Asa's reign Judah gained parts of Ephraim (2 Chronicles 13:19; 2 Chronicles 15:8; 2 Chronicles 17:2); and after Israel's deportation to Assyria the king of Judah exercised a quasi authority in the N. ...
Israel interposed between Judah and Syria and Assyria; and Egypt in its military marches toward Assyria took the coast line of Philistia, not through Judah. The fighting men of Judah under David were 500,000 (2 Samuel 24:9); under Rehoboam only 180,000 (1 Kings 12:21); under Abijah 400,000 (2 Chronicles 13:3); under Asa 580,000 (2 Chronicles 14:8); under Jehoshaphat 1,160,000 (2 Chronicles 17:14-19); under Uzziah 307,500 (2 Chronicles 26:13). Judah's armies progressively augmented, Israel's decreased; under Ahab against Syria Israel's forces were "like two little flocks of kids"; under Jehoahaz "50 horsemen" (1 Kings 20:27; 2 Kings 13:7). But the grand conservative element of Judah was its divinely appointed temple, priesthood, written law, and recognition of the one true God Jehovah as its true theocratic king. Hence many left northern Israel for Judah where the law was observed. Hence, Judah survived her more populous northern sister by 135 years, and lasted 975-586 B. The apparent loss proved a real gain, and would have proved permanently so but for Judah's unfaithfulness. God's great purpose did not fall in spite of Israel's and Judah's unfaithfulness, namely, to preserve in the world a standing monument of the unity, supremacy, and providence of Jehovah; this effect was perpetually and uniformly produced in all periods and by all events of the Jewish history, and to prepare for and introduce the gospel of Christ (Graves, Pentateuch, ii. )...
Baasha on the other hand fortified Ramah to cheek the migration of religious Israelites to Judah. ) It was as opposed to Judah's true interests as open war had been. In northern Israel they were the only witnesses for God in the face of the state idolatry; in Judah they were spiritual teachers bringing out the gospel hidden in the law, and pointing on to the Messianic kingdom. , prepared Judah for the 70 years' captivity; Ezekiel and Daniel witnessed for God to them, and to the pagan world power in it
High Place - ...
False Worship at High Places in Judah After the Temple was constructed, the people were to worship God at this place which He had chosen (Deuteronomy 12:1-14 ), but Solomon built high places for the gods of his foreign wives and even worshiped there himself (1 Kings 11:1-8 ). Following this, each new king that ruled in the Southern Kingdom of Judah and in the Northern Kingdom of Israel was evaluated in the books of Kings and Chronicles according to what they did with the high places where false gods were worshiped. In Judah, Asa is called a good king because he removed the Asherah, idols, and sacred prostitutes but, unfortunately, he did not destroy the high places (1 Kings 15:9-14 ; 2 Chronicles 15:17 ; initially he may have destroyed them according to 2 Chronicles 14:2-5 ). Jehoshaphat was a man of God who followed the ways of David by seeking after God, but he followed a pattern similar to Asa of initially removing the high places (2 Chronicles 17:1-9 ) but not totally eliminating them from Judah (1 Kings 22:43 ; 2 Chronicles 20:33 ). This policy may have made it easier for his son Jehoram to build new high places which caused the people of Judah to worship other gods (2 Chronicles 21:11 ). The Judean kings Amaziah (2 Kings 14:3-4 ), Uzziah (2 Kings 15:3-4 ), Jotham (2 Kings 15:34-35 ), Ahaz (2 Kings 16:3-4 ), and Manasseh (1 Samuel 10:5 ) allowed the people of Judah to continue worshiping at their high places. Only Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:3-4 ) and Josiah (2 Kings 23:4-15 ) had the courage to destroy the high places in the land of Judah. Only these two kings brought major revivals to the land of Judah. ...
The Israelite prophets also condemned the high places of Moab (Isaiah 15:2 ; Isaiah 16:12 ), Judah (Jeremiah 7:30-31 ; 2 Kings 3:2 ; Jeremiah 19:3-5 ; Jeremiah 32:35 ), and Israel (Ezekiel 6:3 ,Ezekiel 6:3,6:6 ; Ezekiel 20:29-31 ; Hosea 10:8 , Amos 7:9 ) because they were places of sin where false gods were worshiped
Zedekiah - The most important of several biblical characters named Zedekiah was the man who became the last king of Judah. ...
King of Judah...
Zedekiah the king was the third son of Josiah to sit upon the throne of Judah. The king of Babylonian appointed him king after the former king and all Judah’s best people had been taken captive to Babylon (in 597 BC; 2 Kings 24:10-17). Jeremiah, who had been bringing God’s message to Judah for more than thirty years, opposed this policy. ...
When Egypt came to Jerusalem’s aid, Babylon lifted the siege temporarily, but Jeremiah warned Zedekiah that Babylon would return and crush both Egypt and Judah (Jeremiah 37:1-10)
Benjamin - ...
The tribe did not drive out the Jebusites, but allowed them to dwell with them in Jerusalem, Judges 1:21 ; this may have led to their idolatry, for when, with Judah and Ephraim, they were attacked by the children of Ammon, they confessed they had forsaken God and served Baalim. At the division of the kingdom they remained with Judah, but a large portion of their lot was seized by Israel. The two tribes were constantly spoken of as 'Judah,' whereas the ten tribes were called 'Israel. ' On the return from the captivity, Benjamin had its share of blessing with Judah. It was situated with Ephraim on its north, and Judah on its south, Dan on its west, and the Jordan on its east; it occupied about 28 miles east and west and 14 miles north and south at its widest parts
Captivity - to the 'carrying away' of Israel and Judah. " This is a region much farther east, where they would be far removed from their brethren in Assyria and from Judah, who were afterwards carried to Babylon. ...
The captivity of Judah followed in four detachments. ' The places to which Israel and Judah were carried are considered under their respective names. ...
Those who returned from exile were the two tribes, Judah and Benjamin (unless any few of the ten tribes may have accompanied them; cf
Zadok - At Absasalom's death David desired Zadok and Abiathar to persuade the elders of Judah to invite him to return (2 Samuel 15; 2 Samuel 17; 2 Samuel 19). Son of Baana, repaired the wall (Nehemiah 3:4), signed the covenant (Nehemiah 10:21); a chief of the people, of the tribe of Judah (for Baana was a Netophathite of Judah, 2 Samuel 23:29). Intermarriages of Judah with the tribe of Levi were frequent, Whence Zadok appears in Judah (Matthew 1:14)
Joash - son of Ahaziah, king of Judah. When the impious Athaliah undertook to extinguish the race of the kings of Judah, that she might seize the crown herself, she ordered all the princes, her grandchildren, to be murdered. Hazael, king of Syria, besieged Gath, which belonged to Judah; and having taken it he marched against Jerusalem. It is believed by some, that the next year the Syrian army marched again into Judah; but Hazael was not there in person. The Syrians made great havoc, defeated the troops of Joash, entered Jerusalem, slew the princes of Judah, and sent a great booty to the king of Syria at Damascus
Benjamin - ...
The tribe did not drive out the Jebusites, but allowed them to dwell with them in Jerusalem, Judges 1:21 ; this may have led to their idolatry, for when, with Judah and Ephraim, they were attacked by the children of Ammon, they confessed they had forsaken God and served Baalim. At the division of the kingdom they remained with Judah, but a large portion of their lot was seized by Israel. The two tribes were constantly spoken of as 'Judah,' whereas the ten tribes were called 'Israel. ' On the return from the captivity, Benjamin had its share of blessing with Judah. It was situated with Ephraim on its north, and Judah on its south, Dan on its west, and the Jordan on its east; it occupied about 28 miles east and west and 14 miles north and south at its widest parts
Hushah - ” Member of tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:4 ) listed along with Bethlehem and thus probably original ancestor of clan who lived in town of Hushah, perhaps modern Husan near Bethlehem
Shaphan - ” Prominent court official during King Josiah's reign in Judah (2 Kings 22:1 )
Ahijah - He notified Jeroboam of the separation of Israel from Judah, and of the foundation of his house-the ruin of which he afterwards foretold, 1 Kings 14:1-14
Seir - Seir’ mentioned in Joshua 15:10 among the points defining the boundaries of Judah
Beth-Haccerem - House of a vineyard, a place in the tribe of Judah (Nehemiah 3:14 ) where the Benjamites were to set up a beacon when they heard the trumpet against the invading army of the Babylonians (Jeremiah 6:1 )
Rezin - during the reigns of Pekah in Israel and Ahaz in Judah
Riblah - There Pharaoh Neco imprisoned King Jehoahaz of Judah after the young monarch had reigned only three months (2 Kings 23:31-33 )
Hepher - One of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 4:6 )
Madmannah - ” City in the Negeb assigned to Judah (Joshua 15:31 ), possibly identical with Beth-marcaboth (Joshua 19:5 )
Beth-Zur - A town of Judah in the Hebron mountains, fortified by Rehoboam, and still important after the Captivity
Eshtaol - A lowland city of Judah ( Joshua 15:33 ) on the borders of Dan 19:41), near which Samson began to feel ‘the spirit of the Lord’ ( Judges 13:25 ), and was buried ( Judges 16:31 ); the home of some of the Danites who attacked Laish ( Judges 18:2 ; Judges 18:11 )
Shema - City in Judah
Ezer - Father of Hushah, a descendant of Judah
Salathiel, Shealtiel - Son or grandson of Jehoiachin or Jeconiah, king of Judah
Ziz - ” Site involved in Judah's battle plans with Ammon and Moab (2 Chronicles 20:16 ). A pass through a steep place where the people of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir were going to enter Judah to attack King Jehoshaphat
Ain - A town in Judah ( Joshua 15:32 ), or Simeon ( Joshua 19:7 ), where Ain arid Rimmon should be taken together
Mattaniah - Originalname of Zedekiah king of Judah
Lehi - Place in Judah, near to the land of the Philistines
Achan, Achar - Son of Carmi, of the tribe of Judah, who on the fall of Jericho kept some of its spoil, against the express command of Jehovah, hence called 'the accursed thing,' and was stoned to death with his family, and with his possessions burned with fire
Leah - She was 'tender eyed,' and not as beautiful as Rachel; but she was blessed of God in bearing to Jacob six sons and one daughter, and was thus the mother of the heads of the important tribes of Reuben, Levi, and Judah, as well as of Simeon, Issachar, and Zebulun
a'Chan - (troubler ), an Israelite of the tribe of Judah, who, when Jericho and all that it contained were accursed and devoted to destruction, secreted a portion of the spoil in his tent
ja'Hath - (1 Chronicles 23:10,11 ) ...
A man in the genealogy of Judah, (1 Chronicles 4:2 ) son of Reaiah ben-Shobal
Ishbosheth - 2949, while David reigned at Hebron, over the tribe of Judah, 2 Samuel 2:8-9 , &c; 3
Berechi'ah -
A descendant of the royal family of Judah
Beth-She'Mesh -
One of the towns which marked the north boundary of Judah
am'Mihud - (2 Samuel 13:37 ) ...
A descendant of Pharez, son of Judah
jo'Ram - (2 Kings 8:16,25,28,29 ; 9:14,17,21-23,29 ) [1] ...
Son of Jehosphaphat; king of Judah
Jabneel -
A town in the north boundary of Judah (Joshua 15:11 ), called afterwards by the Greeks Jamnia, the modern Yebna, 11 miles south of Jaffa
Adummim - The sides of a ravine that formed the border between the lots of Judah and Benjamin, and is called 'the going up to or ascent of Adummim
Rezin - King ofSyria, who, in alliance with Pekah king of Israel, made an attack upon Ahaz, king of Judah
Geba - King Asa of Judah (910-869 B. ) Geba apparently represented the northern border of Judah as opposed to the southern border in Beersheba (2 Kings 23:8 ). For Zechariah (Zechariah 14:10 ), Geba represented the northern border of a Judah to be flattened out into a plain dominated by God ruling on Mount Zion in Jerusalem
Ahaz - King of Judah (B. God's mercy lingered over Judah, and to Ahaz was the sign given that "a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. Though all was failing in Judah as well as in Israel, God had One in prospect through whom blessing would be finally secured
Rehoboam - ...
The outward worship of Jehovah was maintained in Judah, but Rehoboam did not check the introduction of heathen abominations into the land, and the wickedness of the people became very great. Thus the glory of Solomon soon passed away! Rehoboam reigned over Judah and Benjamin, under the title of Judah, seventeen years, from B
Hezekiah - Son and successor of Ahaz as king of Judah (716/15–687/86 B. Hezekiah's reign can best be understood against the background of Assyria's military activities during the years Hezekiah served as king of Judah. When Ahaz succeeded Jotham as king of Judah, he began pro-Assyrian policies by making Judah a vassal to Assyria. ...
Hezekiah began his reign by bringing religious reform to Judah. Sennacherib's messengers taunted that God would not come to Judah's defense. Hoping to ward off any interference from Judah, Sennacherib sent letters to Hezekiah ordering him to surrender (Isaiah 37:9-38 )
Obadiah, Book of - Edom, being descended from Esau, was a brother nation to Israel-Judah, and therefore should have helped Jerusalem in its final hour (cf. ...
But whereas God would destroy Edom totally, he would bring Judah out of captivity and back to its land, where it would rebuild its national life
Heman - A son (or clan) of Zerah of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:6 ), probably also alluded to in the title of Psalms 88:1-18 as Heman the Ezrahite, Ezrah being another form of Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 . As Chronicles in a number of cases confuses the genealogy of Judah with that of Levi (cf. This view finds some support in the fact that the title of Psalms 88:1-18 makes Heman both an Ezrahite (Judahite) and a Korahite (Levite)
Ephron - A mountain marking the tribal border of Judah with Benjamin (Joshua 15:9 ). A city King Abijah of Judah (913-910 B
Caleb - He represented the tribe of Judah, and, together with Joshua, advocated an immediate attack upon the land; the fear of the people he denounces as rebellion against Jahweh ( Numbers 14:9 ); this, however, is resented by the people, who threaten to stone both him and Joshua. ); they ultimately became absorbed in the tribe of Judah
Aholah - "My (Jehovah's) tent is in her," Judah: so far superior to Aholah that her worship was not self devised but God appointed. Aholibah (Judah) was worse, in that her privileges were greater, and she ought to have been warned by the awful fate of Samaria
Maaseiah - Son of Ahaz king of Judah. Son of Baruch, a descendant of Judah
Jehoshaphat - The son of Asa, king of Judah. The important thing in his reign was the alliance of Judah with Israel ( 1 Kings 22:44 ), which put an end to their long hostility
Ziklag - City in the south of Judah given to David by Achish, one of the Philistine kings. It afterwards returned to the tribe of Judah
Amariah - Ancestor of a member of tribe of Judah living in Jerusalem during Nehemiah's time (Nehemiah 11:4 ). Head of a course of priests in Judah after the Exile (Nehemiah 12:13 )
Jehoshaphat - A pious king of Judah, the son and successor of Asa. The great error of his life was an entangling alliance with the wicked Ahab, whose infamous daughter Athaliah early began to afflict the kingdom of Judah, of which she was afterwards the queen
Zerubbabel or Zorobabel - Son of Salathiel of the royal race of David, called "Sheshbbazzar the prince of Judah" in Ezra 1:8 . ...
When the Samaritans offered to assist in rebuilding the temple, Zerubbabel and the principal men of Judah refused them this honor, since Cyrus had granted his commission to the Jews only, Ezra 4:2,3
Gath - (1 Samuel 17:4,23 ) It probably stood upon the conspicuous hill now called Tell-es-Safieh , upon the side of the plain of Philistia, at the foot of the mountains of Judah; 10 miles east of Ashdod, and about the same distance south by east of Ekron. Gath occupied a strong position, ( 2 Chronicles 11:8 ) on the border of Judah and Philistia, (1 Samuel 21:10 ; 1 Chronicles 18:1 ) and from its strength and resources forming the key of both countries, it was the scene of frequent struggles, and was often captured and recaptured
ca'Leb -
According to (1 Chronicles 2:9,18,19,42,50 ) the son of Hezron the son of Pharez the son of Judah, and the father of Hur, and consequently grandfather of Caleb the spy. It is probable that Caleb was a foreigner by birth, --a proselyte, incorporated into the tribe of Judah
Jeho-i'Ada - (1 Chronicles 18:17 ; 2 Samuel 8:18 ) ...
High priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah, B. He married Jehosheba; and when Athaliah slew all the seed royal to Judah after Ahaziah had been put to death by Jehu, he and his wife stole Joash from among the king's sons and hid him for six years in the temple, and eventually replaced him on the throne of his ancestors
Ben-Hadad - ...
The king of Syria whom Asa, king of Judah, employed to invade Israel (1 Kings 15:18 )
Azariah - A king of Judah, 2 Kings 15:1-7
en-Shemesh - Fountain of the sun a spring which formed one of the landmarks on the boundary between Judah and Benjamin (Joshua 15:7 ; 18:17 )
Hanani - , king of Syria, against Judah (2 Chronicles 16:1-10 )
Maon - Habitation, a town in the tribe of Judah, about 7 miles south of Hebron, which gave its name to the wilderness, the district round the conical hill on which the town stood
Joash - ...
...
King of Judah (2 Kings 11:2 ; 12:19,20 )
Rosh - They invaded the land of Judah in the days of Josiah
Jabneel - Town marking northwestern boundary of tribal territory of Judah in land of Philistines (Joshua 15:11 ); modern Yibna
Jahath - Member of clan of Zorathites in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:2 )
Zebadiah - ...
...
The son of Ishmael, "the ruler of the house of Judah in all the king's matters" (2 Chronicles 19:8-11 )
Bohan - ” A place on the northern border of the tribal allotment of Judah called the “stone of Bohan,” “the son of Reuben” (Joshua 15:6 )
Tabeel - Father of a man whom king Rezin of Damascus and king Pekah of Israel hoped to install as puppet king of Judah rather than Ahaz (Isaiah 7:6 )
Talmai - Caleb (Joshua 15:14 ) and Judah (Judges 1:10 ) are credited with driving the Anakim from Hebron
Naamah - A town of Judah in the Shephçlah ( Joshua 15:37-41 )
Hazarsusah - ("horse village"); belonging to Simeon, in southern Judah (Joshua 19:5; 1 Chronicles 4:31); possibly made a depot for horses in the trade with Egypt in Solomon's time; the name may be changed from some ancient name, as the import of horses was prohibited, and not practiced until David's and Solomon's time
Desolate - I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant
Amon (2) - Son and successor of Manasseh in the throne of Judah ("skillful in his art", Hebrew)
Rachel - It may be observed, that we have a city in the tribe of Judah called Rachal, or Rachel; probably in honour of this mother in Israel
Evilmerodach - In his first year he had compassion upon Jehoiachin king of Judah, who had been in prison thirty-seven years, raised him to honour, and appointed him to sit at his own table for the rest of his life
Shamir (1) - A town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:48); probably eight or nine miles S
Abihail - Wife of Rehoboam, king of Judah, daughter, i
Asahel - Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the cities of Judah
Azmaveth - Village lying on the borders of Judah and Benjamin
Immanuel - The name given to the child whose birth the prophet Isaiah was authorized to announce to Ahaz when the confederacy was formed by Israel and Syria against Judah
Ahikam - His son Gedaliah headed the Jews left in Judah after Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem (586 B
Woe - In the Prophets there are many woes against Israel and Judah, and also against the nations which had to do with Israel
Shilhim - of Judah (Joshua 15:32)
Baal-Hamon - We all apprehend, that "the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house, of Israel; and the men of Judah his pleasant plant
Amasa - An Ephraimite who resisted the bringing into Samaria prisoners from Judah
Abijah - The son of Rehoboam, king of Judah, and of Maachah, the daughter of Uriel, who succeeded his father, A
Joab - He performed great services for David, to whose interests he was always firm, and was commander-in-chief of his troops, when David was king of Judah only
Iddo - A prophet of Judah who wrote the history of Rehoboam and Abijah (2 Chronicles 12:15 )
Seir - Mount Seir, Joshua 15:10, was a landmark on the northern boundary of Judah, between Kirjath-jearim and Bethshemesh
Geba - A Levitical town of Benjamin, Joshua 18:24 21:17 1 Chronicles 8:6 , near Ramah, Nehemiah 7:30 Isaiah 10:29 , and not far from the northern border of the kingdom of Judah, 2 Kings 23:8 Zechariah 14:10
Pannag - A word of doubtful genuineness occurring only in Ezekiel 27:17 , in a list of articles which had a place in the commerce of Judah and Israel with Tyre
Ash'Dod, - It was assigned to the tribe of Judah, (Joshua 15:47 ) but was never subdued by the Israelites
e'Tam, the Rock, - (Judges 15:8,11 ) This natural stronghold was in the tribe of Judah; and near it, probably at its foot, were Lehi and Ramath-lehi and Enhakkore
Jephunneh - If the similarity of some names among Israel and Edom be not due to their being kindred peoples, it shows that Caleb's family was an Edomite one incorporated into Judah
Amos - ) Of Tekoah, in Judah, six miles S. Though of Judah, he exercised his ministry in the northern kingdom, Israel; not later than the 15th year of Uzziah of Judah, when Jeroboam II. Israel, as abounding in impostors, needed the more true prophets of God from Judah to warn her. Her prophets often fled to Judah from fear of her kings. ) Like the prophet in 1 Kings 13, Amos went up from Judah to Bethel to denounce the idol calf at the risk of his life. ...
Calf worship prevailed also at Dan, Gilgal, and Beersheba, in Judah (Amos 4:4; Amos 5:5; Amos 8:14), blended with Jehovah's worship (Amos 5:14; Amos 5:21-26); 2 Kings 17:32-33, compare Ezekiel 20:39. Amos 1:1 to Amos 2:13; the sins of Syria, Philistia, Tyre, Edom, Ammon, Moab, the neighbors of Israel and Judah Amos 2:4 to Amos 6:14; Israel's own state and consequent punishment; the same coasts "from the entering in of Hamath," which Jeroboam has just recovered from Syria, shall be "afflicted," and the people carried into "captivity beyond Damascus" (Amos 5:27)
Baasha - (bay' uhsshuh) The king of Israel who was at war against Asa, king of Judah (1 Kings 15:16 )
Zophar - Although there was a place called Naamah in Judah (Joshua 15:41 ), doubt remains that it was Zophar's home
en-Rimmon - One of the settlements of the Judahites after the return from the Exile ( Nehemiah 11:29 ). In Joshua 15:32 amongst the towns assigned to Judah we find ‘Ain and Rimmon,’ and in Joshua 19:7 (cf
Ashdod - One of the five chief cities of the Philistines, assigned to the tribe of Judah, but never conquered by them, Joshua 13:3 ; 15:47 ; 1 Samuel 5:1 ; 6:17 ; Nehemiah 4:7
Shema - A town of Judah, situated in the Negeb
Amon - The fourteenth king of Judah, son of Manasseh, began to reign B
House of the Rolls - The records pertaining to the reigns of the kings of Judah and Israel were probably also kept in archives of this kind
Ziklag - In the national register of cities it is assigned to Judah ( Joshua 15:31 ) or to Simeon ( Joshua 19:5 ), and is mentioned also in the post-exilic list ( Nehemiah 11:28 )
Heifer - Untrained to the yoke (Hosea 10:11 ); giving milk (Isaiah 7:21 ); ploughing (Judges 14:18 ); treading out grain (Jeremiah 50:11 ); unsubdued to the yoke an emblem of Judah (Isaiah 15:5 ; Jeremiah 48:34 )
Bezaleel - He was of the tribe of Judah, the son of Uri, and grandson of Hur (31:2)
Eshtaol - Narrow pass or recess, a town (Joshua 15:33 ) in the low country, the She-phelah of Judah
Miriam - ) ...
...
1 Chronicles 4:17 , one of the descendants of Judah
Libnah - It became one of the Levitical towns in the tribe of Judah (21:13), and was strongly fortified
Ataroth - ATAROTH THE HOUSE OF JOAB (1 Chronicles 2:54), or "Crowns the house of Joab," a town in Judah
Bands - Also denotes chains (Luke 8:29 ); companies of soldiers (Acts 21:31 ); a shepherd's staff, indicating the union between Judah and Israel (Zechariah 11:7 )
Beth Dagon - A town in the plain (shephelah ) of Judah
Nephtoah - The source of the waters of Nephtoah was a landmark between Judah and Benjamin (Joshua 15:8-9; Joshua 18:15)
Rabbah - Most references to Rabbah in the Bible are related to conflicts between Ammon and Israel-Judah (e
Rehum - Persian official with oversight of the Trans-Euphrates territory, including Judah
Bezek - ” Place where Judah and Simeon defeated Canaanites who were led by Adoni-bezek (literally, “lord of Bezek”) (Judges 1:4 )
Beracah - Valley where King Jehoshaphat of Judah (873-848 B
Netophah - ” A village and surrounding district in the hill country of Judah (2 Samuel 23:28-29 ; 1 Chronicles 11:30 ; 1 Chronicles 27:13 ; Nehemiah 7:26 )
Ithrite, the - an inhabitant of Jattir (mentioned in 1 Samuel 30:27 as one of David’s haunts) in the hill-country of Judah ( Joshua 15:48 ; Joshua 21:14 )
Ahikam - God rewarded Ahikam by the honor put upon Gedaliah, his son, by Nebuchadnezzar's making him governor over the cities of Judah, and committing Jeremiah' to him, when the Babylonians took Jerusalem (Jeremiah 40:5; Jeremiah 39:14)
Ariel - The sins of Jerusalem had led to the devastation of the rest of Judah in 701 B
Aroer - City in Judah, S
Bani - Descendant of Pharez, son of Judah
Shishak - Shishak afterwards invaded Judah during the reign of Rehoboam, "because they had transgressed against the Lord
Jether - Two men of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:32 ; 1 Chronicles 4:17 )
Hadadrimmon - It is quoted as an illustration of the great mourning there will be at Jerusalem when the sin of Judah is brought home to their conscience for having demanded the death of their Messiah
Engedi - A place in Judah, on the west side of the Dead Sea, Joshua 15:62; Ezekiel 47:10, about midway between its northern and southern ends
Israel - By the name of Israel is sometimes understood the person of Jacob, sometimes the whole people of Israel, the whole race of Jacob; sometimes the kingdom of Israel, or ten tribes, distinct from the kingdom of Judah; and finally, the spiritual Israel, the true church of God
Eshcol - It was situated in the south part of Judah, Numbers 13:24 ; Numbers 32:9
Achan - A man of the tribe of Judah, who at the sacking of Jericho took, contrary to God's express command, a portion of the spoil
Eliakim - The son and successor of Josiah, king of Judah
Libnah - A city of Canaan, in the lowland of Judah, was taken by Joshua, Joshua 10:29-32; Joshua 10:39; Joshua 12:15, and assigned to the priests, Joshua 15:42; Joshua 21:13; 1 Chronicles 6:57; revolted against Joram, 2 Kings 8:22; 2 Chronicles 21:10; was besieged by Sennacherib, 2 Kings 19:8; Isaiah 37:8
Ethan - He appears to have been a son of Zerah or Ezra, and grandson of the patriarch Judah
Riblah - At Riblah king Jehoahaz was taken and deposed by Pharaoh- necho; here also Nebuchadnezzar established his headquarters when warring against Judah, 2 Kings 23:33 ; 25:6,20,21 ; Jeremiah 39:5 ; 52:10
Sorek - In winter and spring it was the channel of a brook, flowing northwest from Judah, by the region of Dan and the Philistines, into the Mediterranean
Ishbosheth - Abner, Saul's kinsman and general so managed that Ishbosheth was acknowledged king at Mahanaim by the greater part of Israel, while David reigned at Hebron over Judah
Leah - She was the mother of seven children, among whom were Reuben- Jacob's firstborn-and Judah, the ancestor of the leading tribe among the Jews, of the royal line, and of our Lord, Genesis 29:16-35 ; 30:1 - 21
Jerah'me-el -
First-born son of hezron, the son of Pharez, the son of Judah, (1 Chronicles 2:9,25-27,33,42 ) and founder of the family of Jerahmeelites
Amasa - Captain of Judah's army replacing Joab during Absalom's rebellion against his father David (2 Samuel 17:25 ). When he defeated the rebel forces and Joab murdered Absalom (2 Samuel 18:14 ), David made peaceful overtones to Judah by inviting Amasa as his relative to assume command of his army (2 Samuel 19:13 ). Leader in tribe of Ephraim who prevented Israel's soldiers from keeping captives of the army of King Ahaz of Judah, knowing this was a sin (2 Chronicles 28:12-14 )
Tiglath-Pileser Iii. - 26:1), king of Judah, whose achievements are described in 2 Chronicles 26:6-15 . , Ahaz]'>[1], king of Judah" (Compare 2 Kings 16:10-16 )
Judaea - A name first appearing in Tob 1:18 as applied to the old kingdom of Judah (of which Judæa is merely the Græco-Roman equivalent), as it was reoccupied after the Captivity by the returned descendants of subjects of the Southern Kingdom. It is probably the same as the ‘wilderness of Judah’ ( Judges 1:16 , Psalms 63:1 [1], the desert tract to the W
Tribes - The tribes were continued under one head or nation until after the death of Solomon, when ten tribes revolted from Judah and Benjamin, and set up the northern kingdom—Israel They were carried into captivity in 721 b. Judah was also carried into captivity, 606 to 588 b
Rechabites - ...
God instructed Jeremiah to hold up the obedience of the Rechabites as an example to the men of Judah. These men faithfully obeyed their father, whereas Judah had not obeyed their God
Rahab - Had she been a woman of ill fame, would Salmon, a prince of the tribe of Judah, have taken her to wife! Or could he have done it by the law? Beside, the spies of Joshua would hardly have gone to lodge with a common harlot, they who were charged with so nice and dangerous a commission. Rahab married Salmon, a prince of Judah, by whom she had Boaz, from whom descended Obed, Jesse, and David
Ramah - It was on the frontier between Judah and Israel. Baasha, king of Israel, sought to build or fortify the place against Asa, king of Judah, but this was averted by Israel being attacked by the king of Syria at the request of Asa, who sent him a rich present of gold and silver
Jehu - Along the way, he was responsible for the deaths of Joram, king of Israel; Ahaziah, king of Judah; Jezebel, still powerful former queen of Israel, and some 70 surviving members of the household of Israel's late King Ahab. He warned King Jehoshaphat of Judah (2 Chronicles 19:2 ) and recorded the acts of Jehoshaphat in a record to which the Chronicler referred his readers (2 Chronicles 20:34 )
Ekron - A city in the Philistine Pentapolis, not conquered by Joshua ( Joshua 13:3 ), but theoretically a border city of Judah ( Joshua 15:11 ) and Dan ( Joshua 19:43 ); said, in a passage which is probably an interpolation, to have been smitten by Judah ( Judges 1:18 )
Joha'Nan - ) ...
The son of Kaereah, and one of the captains of the scattered remnants of the army of Judah, who escaped in the final attack upon Jerusalem by the Chaldeans. ...
The first-born son of Josiah king of Judah
Zedekiah -
The last king of Judah. Gedaliah, with a Chaldean guard stationed at Mizpah, ruled over Judah (2 Kings 25:22,24 ; Jeremiah 40:1,2,5,6 ). ...
...
The son of Hananiah, a prince of Judah in the days of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 36:12 )
Joash - The son and successor of Ahaziah, king of Judah, called also Jehoash. He departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, the son of Nebat; nevertheless he was successful in three campaigns against the Syrians: and in one against Amaziah, king of Judah. A descendant of Judah
Bethlehem - City of Judah, also called BETH-LEHEM-JUDAH (Judges 17:7-9 ). ' It was also the birth-place of Jesus: though it was "little among the thousands of Judah," it the better agreed with His humiliation
ma-Ase'Iah - (Nehemiah 10:25 ) ...
Son of Baruch the descendant of Pharez the son of Judah, (Nehemiah 11:5 ) ...
A Benjamite, ancestor of Sallu. " (1 Chronicles 15:18,20 ) ...
The son of Adaiah, and one of the captains of hundreds in the reign of Joash king of Judah. ...
The "king's son," killed by Zichri the Ephraimitish hero in the invasion of Judah by Pekah king of Israel, during the reign of Ahaz
Jehoram - ...
...
A priest sent by Jehoshaphat to instructruct the people in Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 ). Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, assisted Jehoram in this effort. ...
...
...
The eldest son and successor of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah. 892-885) alone as king of Judah, having been previously for some years associated with his father (2 Chronicles 21:5,20 ; 2 Kings 8:16 )
Jehoshaphat - Of these the most important was the king of Judah who reigned in Jerusalem from 870 to 845 BC (1 Kings 22:42). He is noted for his reformation of Judah after the political and religious disorders that had arisen towards the end of the previous king’s reign. He then taught the people God’s law by sending a teaching team of priests, Levites and civil administrators on a circuit of Judah’s towns and villages (2 Chronicles 17:7-9). He was able to give his full attention to these programs because he had first of all strengthened Judah against any interference from hostile neighbours (2 Chronicles 17:2). ...
In an effort to remove injustice, Jehoshaphat reorganized Judah’s judicial system. He set up courts and appointed judges in all the chief cities of Judah, with the chief court in Jerusalem. ...
Under Jehoshaphat, Judah’s defences were greatly strengthened (2 Chronicles 17:2; 2 Chronicles 17:10-13)
Jehoiakim - Undoubtedly Jehoiakim was one of Judah’s worst kings. When his father Josiah was killed in battle with Pharaoh Necho (609 BC), the people of Judah made one of Josiah’s younger sons king in preference to the older Jehoiakim (2 Chronicles 35:20-25; 2 Chronicles 36:1-2). Pharaoh Necho, considering himself the master of Judah, replaced the people’s choice with his own. ...
In order to raise the large amount of money that Pharaoh Necho demanded each year from Judah, Jehoiakim taxed his people heavily (2 Kings 23:35). This judgment began in 605 BC, the year in which Babylon conquered Egypt at Carchemish and so replaced it as Judah’s overlord. Babylon did not attack Jerusalem immediately, but encouraged other countries within its empire to raid Judah and so gradually weaken it (2 Kings 24:2-4)
Baasha - His chief act in his reign was "he built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa, king of Judah (1 Kings 15:17). ...
It might seem strange that Judah, so much weaker numerically, should not have kept Ramah, as a fortress to guard against invasion by Israel, numerically the stronger state. Instead, the people of Judah took away the stones and timber of Ramah to build Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah. For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had east them off from executing the priest's office unto the Lord . So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong. Judah's king was equally anxious to remove this obstacle put to the influx from Israel of those God fearing men, who would so materially strengthen his kingdom The happy dovetailing of the incidental Scripture notices just mentioned into this solution of the difficulty is a proof of the truth of the narrative
Azari'ah - (1 Kings 4:5 ) ...
Tenth king of Judah, more frequently called Uzziah. ) ...
Son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. ...
Son of Jeroham, one of the captains of Judah in the time of Athaliah. (2 Chronicles 23:1 ) ...
The high priest in the reign of Uzziah king of Judah. (Daniel 1:6,7,11,19 ) He appears to have been of the seed-royal of Judah
Hill - In Deuteronomy 1:7 , Joshua 9:1 ; 10:40 ; 11:16 , it denotes the elevated district of Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim, which forms the watershed between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea
Hazelelponi - ” Daughter of Etam in the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:3 NAS; NIV, TEV, REB, NRSV)
Sharuhen - ” Town assigned to tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:6 ) located in the territory of Judah (Joshua 15:32 , where spelling is Shilhim; in 1 Chronicles 4:31 spelling is Shaaraim; Egyptian spelling is apparently Shurahuna)
Askelon - After the death of Joshua, the tribe of Judah took Askelon; but it subsequently became one of the five governments belonging to the Philistines, Judges 1:18 ; 1 Samuel 6:17
Abiel - One of David’s heroes ( 1 Chronicles 11:32 ), from Beth-arabah in the wilderness of Judah ( Joshua 15:6 ; Joshua 15:61 ; Joshua 18:22 )
Gedor - A town of Judah ( Joshua 15:58 ; cf. The eponym of two Judahite families ( 1 Chronicles 4:4 ; 1 Chronicles 4:18 )
Judea - The province of Judea, as distinguished from Galilee and Samaria, included the territories of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Dan, Simeon, and part of Ephraim
Zorah - Place of wasps, a town in the low country of Judah, afterwards given to Dan (Joshua 19:41 ; Judges 18:2 ), probably the same as Zoreah (Joshua 15:33 )
Moresheth Gath - In the shephelah or "rolling low hills" of Judah
Engannim - In the lowland of Judah (Joshua 15:34)
Engines - Thus Scripture is confirmed, that the invention was in Judah under Uzziah
Shallum - Shallum of Judah (who was also known as Jehoahaz) reigned only three months before Pharaoh Necho deposed him and took him captive to Egypt (in 609 BC; 2 Kings 23:30-34; Jeremiah 22:11-12; see JEHOAHAZ)
Eder - A town in the southern limits of the tribal territory of Judah near Edom (Joshua 15:21 )
Elasah - Descendant of Jerahmeel in tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:39-40 ); spelled Eleasah in English translations
Hauran - It was a battle ground among Assyria, Syria, Israel, Judah, and Egypt, appearing in Egyptian and Assyrian records
Heres - It is probably connected with Beth-shemesh ( 1 Kings 4:9 , 2 Chronicles 28:18 ) or Ir-shemesh ( Joshua 19:41 ), on the boundary between Judah and Daniel 2:1-49
Dumah - A town in the hills of Judah, near Hebron (Joshua 15:52)
Bezaleel - The son of Uri, a member of the tribe of Judah (Exodus 31:2 ) and great grandson of Caleb (1 Chronicles 2:20 )
Keilah - A fortified city in the lowland plain (Shephelah) of the territory of Judah identified with modern khirbet Qila, about eight miles northwest of Hebron and eighteen miles southwest of Jerusalem
Zabad - Member of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:36-37 )
Achish - of Judah
Jabez - A descendant of Judah, said to be more honourable than his brethren
Shinar - In later times it was known as Chaldea, or Babylonia (as in the LXX of Isaiah 11:11 ), and thither some of the captives from Judah were carried
Abel-Beth-Maachah or Abel-Beth-Maacah - Ben-hadad, king of Syria, answered the call for help of Asa, king of Judah (913-873), and conquered Abel-beth-Maachah from Baasha, king of Israel (1 Kings 15:20 )
Zin - The wilderness of Zin, stretching from Kadesh-barnea to the Dead Sea, formed part of the southern border of Canaan and later Judah (Numbers 34:3-4 ; Joshua 15:1 ,Joshua 15:1,15:3 )
Stick - ...
Ezekiel 37:16 (a) These dead sticks represent Judah and Israel who were fruitless, dead, helpless and separated
Uzza, Uzzah - One in whose 'garden' Manasseh and Amon, kings of Judah, were buried
Shearing House - Between Jezreel and Samaria, where Jehu slew at the well or pit 42 of the royal family of Judah (2 Kings 10:12; 2 Kings 10:14)
Tekoa, Tekoah - City of Judah, probably founded by the preceding
Amminadab - Father of Nahshon, who led tribe of Judah in the wilderness (Numbers 1:7 )
Adaiah - Father of Jedidah and grandfather of Josiah, king of Judah
Beth-Shemesh - A city belonging to the priests in the tribe of Judah
Mizpeh - A city of Judah
Micah - (See 1 Chronicles 9:15; 2 Kings 22:12; 1 Chronicles 5:5; 1Ch 23:20) But the one of eminency to be particularly noticed in a work of this kind, is Micah the Morashite, that is, of Moresa, a village in the south of Judah
Amon - Son and successor of Manasseh, king of Judah
Boaz - Was a descendant of Judah, Ruth 2:1, and through him is traced the regular succession of Jewish kings and of Christ
Zin - Kadesh lay in it, and here also Idumea was conterminous with Judah; since Kadesh was a city in the border of Edom
Ashdod, Azoth - according to the Vulgate, or Azotus, according to the Greek, a city which was assigned by Joshua to the tribe of Judah, but was possessed a long time by the Philistines, and rendered famous for the temple of their god Dagon, Joshua 15:47
Anak - Caleb, assisted by the tribe of Judah, took Kirjath- Arba, and destroyed the Anakim, A
Aholibah - This and Aholah are two feigned names made use of by Ezekiel 23:4 , to denote the two kingdoms of Judah and Samaria
Abednego - Abednego (a-bĕd'ne-gô), servant of Nego or Nebo, a Chaldee name given to Azariah, one of the three captive young princes of Judah, who were Daniel's companions at the court of the king of Babylon
Ain - A city of southern Palestine, first given to Judah, Joshua 15:32; afterward assigned to Simeon, Joshua 19:7; and then to the Levites, Joshua 21:16; 1 Chronicles 4:32
Ashkelon - One of the five cities of the Philistines by the sea and ten miles north of Gaza; taken by Judah, Judges 1:18; visited by Samson; Judges 14:19; and its destruction predicted in Jeremiah 47:5; Jeremiah 47:7; Amos 1:8; Zechariah 9:5; Zephaniah 2:7
Zorah - Zorah (zô'rah), and Zoreah (zô're-ah), hornet's town, and Zareah (zâ're-ah), Nehemiah 11:29, a town in the low country of Judah—afterward assigned to Dan, Joshua 15:33; Joshua 19:41; the birthplace and burialplace of Samson
Zorah - A city of Danites within the limits of Judah, 2 Chronicles 11:12 , called also Zoreah, Joshua 15:33 19:40
Nehushtan - Brazen, a name given by Hezekiah king of Judah to the brazen serpent that Moses had set upon the wilderness, Numbers 21:8 , and which had been preserved by the Israelites to that time
Ekron - The most northern city of the Philistines, allotted to Judah by Joshua 15:45 , but afterwards given to Daniel 12:13 , though it does not appear that the Jews ever peaceably possessed it
ba'ni - (1 Chronicles 6:46 ) ...
A man of Judah of the line of Pharez
eg'Lon - [1] ...
A town of Judah in the low country
az'Rikam -
A descendant of Zerubbabel, and son of Neariah of the royal line of Judah
Eli'Ashib - (1 Chronicles 24:12 ) ...
One of the latest descendants of the royal family of Judah
Eli'hu - (1 Samuel 1:1 ) ...
In (1 Chronicles 27:18 ) Elihu "of the brethren of David" is mentioned as the chief of the tribe of Judah
Rimmon - City in Judah, but allotted to Simeon
Benjamin - So Benjamin alone survived with Judah, after the deportation of the ten tribes to Assyria, arid accompanied Judah to and front the Babylonian captivity, and lasted until Shiloh came and until Jerusalem was destroyed. and Judah on the S. of the valley of Hinnom), and only in part to Judah, God's chosen tribe (Psalms 78:60; Psalms 78:67-68). In this sense Benjamin fulfilled Moses' prophecy in "dwelling between" Judah's (the Lord's representative) "shoulders," or ridges of the ravines which on the W. ...
This choice of Jerusalem as the seat of the ark and David's place of residence formed a strong He between Judah and Benjamin, though Saul's connection with the latter had previously made the Benjamites, as a tribe, slow to recognize David as king (1 Chronicles 12:29; 2 Samuel 2:8-9). Hence at the severance of the ten tribes Benjamin remained with Judah (1 Kings 12:23; 2 Chronicles 11:1). Possibly Jeroboam's having appropriated it for the calf worship may have helped to alienate Benjamin from him and attach Benjamin to Judah. Above all, what knit together Benjamin and Judah most was the position fixed by God for the great national temple, which deprived Ephraim of its former glory (Psalms 78:60-68); not in Judah only, or in Benjamin only, but on part of the confines of both, so that one text places it in Judah and the parallel text in Benjamin; compare Joshua 15:63 with Joshua 18:28. These elements of union between Benjamin and Judah are not obviously put forward in the sacred writings, but are found in them on close observation, just such seeds as would produce the ultimate union which the history records. ...
Besides the causes mentioned before, which finally united Benjamin and Judah, there was Jeroboam's setting up the calf worship in Bethel (a Benjamite city) in rivalry of the temple of Jehovah in the joint city of Benjamin and Judah, Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:29); also Rehoboam's wise policy in dispersing his children through all Judah and Benjamin, into every" fenced city" (2 Chronicles 11:12; 2 Chronicles 11:23); also Asa's covenant with Jehovah, in which Benjamin took part (2 Chronicles 15); also the advancement of Benjamites to high posts in the army (2 Chronicles 17:17). "The high gate of Benjamin" (Jeremiah 20:2) marked the tribe's individuality even in the joint metropolis of Benjamin and Judah; compare Ezra 2; Ezra 10:9; Nehemiah 7; 1 Kings 11:13 in proof of this individuality even after the return from Babylon
Jeremiah - ...
We can understand Jeremiah’s problems only as we see them against the background of conditions in Judah as set out in his book. ...
Forty years of preaching...
Jeremiah began his prophetic work in 627 BC, the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah, king of Judah (Jeremiah 1:1-2). Josiah had carried out sweeping reforms, firstly to remove all the idolatrous and immoral practices that had become deeply rooted in Judah over the previous generations, then to re-establish the true worship of Yahweh (2 Kings 22; 2 Kings 23:1-25). Judah was heading for terrible judgment. When Egypt, the leading nation to Judah’s south, decided to challenge Babylon, Josiah tried to stop the Egyptians from passing through Palestine and was killed in battle (609 BC; 2 Kings 23:28-30). Considering itself now the master of Judah, Egypt removed Jehoahaz, the new Judean king, and made his older brother Jehoiakim king instead (2 Kings 23:31-37). He opposed Jeremiah because of his condemnation of Judah’s sins and his forecasts of its destruction (Jeremiah 22:13-19; Jeremiah 26:1-6; Jeremiah 26:20-24; Jeremiah 36). )...
When Babylon conquered Egypt at the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC (Jeremiah 46:2), it thereby gained control of Judah and took selected Jerusalemites captive to Babylon (Daniel 1:1-6). Jeremiah assured Zedekiah that Babylon’s overlordship was God’s judgment on Judah for its sin. Judah should therefore accept its punishment and submit to Babylon. Foolishly, Zedekiah followed their advice instead of Jeremiah’s, and brought upon Judah a long and devastating siege. Upon conquering the city, the victorious Babylonians released him and gave him full freedom to decide where he would like to live, Babylon or Judah. Jeremiah decided to stay in Judah. As long as Judah remained faithless, Jeremiah could expect opposition (12:5-6). ...
Outline of the book...
The first six chapters of the book deal with the main features of Jeremiah’s early ministry: his call to be a prophet (1:1-19); his denunciation of Judah for its unfaithfulness, idolatry and immorality (2:1-3:5); his demand for true, inward repentance (3:6-4:4); and his warning of the coming destruction of Jerusalem (4:5-6:30). ...
Chapters 7-20 record incidents and messages which, in general, demonstrate the sinful condition of Judah and, in particular, Jerusalem. The first concerns Judah’s widespread sin and its certain punishment (7:1-8:17; 11:1-23; 16:1-17:13)
Debir - A town first known as Kiriath-sepher ( Joshua 15:15 , Judges 1:11 ) in the neighbourhood of Hebron, and inhabited by Anakim ( Joshua 11:21 ), conquered by Joshua ( Joshua 10:38 ; Joshua 11:21 ; Joshua 12:13 ), or more specifically by Othniel ( Joshua 15:15 ), assigned as a Levitical city ( Joshua 21:15 , 1 Chronicles 6:58 ) in the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:49 ). A place named in the northern boundary of Judah, near the valley of Achor ( Joshua 15:7 )
Hazael - Soon after becoming king of Syria, Hazael joined in combat against both Ahaziah, king of Judah, and Joram, king of Israel (2 Kings 8:28-29 ; 2 Kings 9:14-15 ). He eventually extended his rule into both the Northern Kingdom of Israel (2 Kings 10:32-33 ; 2 Kings 13:1-9 , 2 Kings 13:22 ) and the Southern Kingdom of Judah (2 Kings 12:17-18 ; 2 Chronicles 24:23-24 )
Tamar - Daughter-in-law of Judah, wife of his eldest son, Er (Genesis 38:6 ). The text should perhaps read Tadmor (2 Chronicles 8:4 ), since the Hebrew lacks the qualifying phrase “of Judah” and the Masoretic vowel points correspond Tadmor
Hill, Hill-Country - Gib’ah denotes properly ‘the large rounded hills, mostly bare or nearly so, so conspicuous in parts of Palestine, especially in Judah. The best-known har or hill-country in Palestine is the ‘hill-country of Ephraim,’ but besides this we hear of the ‘hill-country of Judah’ ( e
Asa - The third king of Judah after Solomon, son and successor of Abijam, 1 Kings 15:8 . Yet his reign was, on the whole, one of the happiest which Judah enjoyed, and the Bible repeatedly commends his piety as an example
Nethaneel - Prince of Judah whom King Jehoshaphat sent out with others to teach the law of God in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Geba - ) A town of Benjamin, on its northern boundary, from whence "from Geba to Beersheba" expresses all Judah from N. as "from Dan to Beersheba" expresses all Israel and Judah from N
Ephraim - " This extends also farther south into the portion of Judah, and is there called "the mountains of Judah
Rehobo'am - The people demanded a remission of the severe burdens imposed by Solomon, and Rehoboam, rejecting the advice of his father's counsellors, followed that of his young courtiers, and returned an insulting answer, which led to an open rebellion among the tribes, and he was compelled to fly to Jerusalem, Judah and Benjamin alone remaining true to him. [1] An expedition to reconquer Israel was forbidden by the prophet Shemaiah, (1 Kings 12:21 ) still during Rehoboam's lifetime peaceful relations between Israel and Judah were never restored
Amaziah - After the murder of his father Joash, Amaziah became king of Judah (796 BC; 2 Kings 12:20-21; 2 Kings 14:1-5). When the king ignored the accusation, Amaziah tried to persuade Amos to return to Judah (Amos 7:10-13)
Prophets - Joel, under Uzziah king of Judah, nearly 800 B. Amos, under Uzziah king of Judah, and during the latter years of Jeroboam II, king of Israel. Hosea, under Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and under Jeroboam II And his successors, kings of Israel. Isaiah, near the death of Uzziah king of Judah, and the beginning of the reign of Jotham, B. Micah, under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. Jeremiah, in the thirteenth year of Josiah king of Judah, B. Habakkuk, in Judah, near the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim, about 610 B. Ezekiel, carried captive to Babylon with Jeconiah king of Judah, 598 B. 606, the fourth year of Jehoiadim king of Judah
Kenites - The connection with Moses explains their continued alliance with Israel, accompanying them to Jericho "the city of palm trees" (Judges 1:16; compare 2 Chronicles 28:15), thence to the wilderness of Judah, where "they dwelt among the people" (Israel), realizing Moses' promise to Hobab, whose name appears slightly altered as that of a wady opposite Jericho (Numbers 10:32). of Seir and the gulf of Akabah (Genesis 25:2); the former were Canaanites of the city Kain, which was taken by Judah (Joshua 15:57). The Kenites did not as Edom dwell in the rocks (Obadiah 1:3-4), but by leaving their nomadic life near Horeb to join Israel wandering in quest of a home the Kenite really placed his rest upon a safe rock, and would only be carried away when Assyria and Babylon took Israel and Judah; with the difference however that Judah should be restored, but the Kenites not so because they forfeited God's blessing by maintaining independence of Israel though intimately joined and by never entering inwardly into God's covenant of grace with Israel
Rehoboam - The tribe of Judah, Rehoboam's own tribe, alone remained faithful to him. Benjamin was reckoned along with Judah, and these two tribes formed the southern kingdom, with Jerusalem as its capital; while the northern ten tribes formed themselves into a separate kingdom, choosing Jeroboam as their king. These sculptures represent the king, Shishak, holding in his hand a train of prisoners and other figures, with the names of the captured towns of Judah, the towns which Rehoboam had fortified (2 Chronicles 11:5-12 ). ...
The kingdom of Judah, under Rehoboam, sank more and more in moral and spiritual decay
Tribe - Then ten of the tribes of Israel revolted from the house of David, and received for their king Jeroboam, the son of Nebat; and only the tribes of Judah and Benjamin continued under the government of Rehoboam. Secondly, this schism caused an irreconcilable hatred between the ten tribes, and those of Judah and Benjamin, and created numerous wars and disputes between them. As to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, who remained under the government of the kings of the family of David, they continued a much longer time in their own country. Nebuchadnezzar took the city of Jerusalem, entirely ruined it, and took away all the inhabitants of Judah and Benjamin to Babylon, and the other provinces of his empire, A
jo'Ash -
Son of Ahaziah king of Judah (B. The other great military event of Joash's reign was the successful war with Amaziah king of Judah. He died in the fifteenth year of Amaziah king of Judah. ) ...
A descendant of Shelah the son of Judah, but whether his son or the son of Jokim is not clear
Caleb - Within a short time he became one of the leaders of his tribe, Judah. ...
On the journey to Canaan...
When Moses chose twelve representatives (one from each tribe) to go to Canaan and spy out the land, Caleb was the person chosen from the tribe of Judah (Numbers 13:2; Numbers 13:6; Numbers 13:17-20). Caleb was again chosen to represent Judah (Numbers 34:16-19). The people of Anak, whom the Israelites had once been afraid to fight, still occupied Hebron, the region that had been allotted to Caleb within the tribal territory of Judah
Damascus - Ben-hadad strengthened Damascus to the point that Asa, king of Judah (910-869), paid him tribute to attack Baasha, king of Israel, and relieve pressure on Judah (1 Kings 15:16-23 ). Ahaziah, king of Judah (841), joined Joram, king of Israel (852-841), in battle against Hazael with Joram being wounded. After this, Hazael of Damascus exercised strong influence, gaining influence in Israel, Judah, and Philistia (2 Kings 10:32-33 ). They marched on Jerusalem, trying to force Ahaz of Judah to join them in fighting Assyria (2 Kings 16:5 ). Rezin of Damascus had some military success (2 Kings 16:6 ), but he could not get Ahaz of Judah to cooperate. Instead, Ahaz sent money to Tiglath-pileser, asking him to rescue Judah from Israel and Damascus. Damascus had one last influence on Judah; for when Ahaz went to Damascus to pay tribute to Tiglath-pileser, he liked the altar he saw there and had a copy made for the Jerusalem Temple (2 Kings 16:10-16 )
Simeon - Judges 1:3 ; Judges 1:17 makes Simeon join with Judah, at the latter’s request, in making the first attack upon the Canaanites, over whom they won a decisive victory at Bezek. Judah in return was to aid Simeon in gaining his possession. Hormah in Joshua 15:30 is assigned to the tribe of Judah, but re-appears in Joshua 19:4 as a city of Simeon. Levi was permanently shattered; Simeon, however, managed to recover sufficiently to establish itself on the southern border of Judah. Judah also had no part in that important struggle, and is passed over in silence. In historical times nothing is heard of them, and the conclusion is justified that they eventually became merged with the neighbouring tribes, and were later, with them, absorbed by Judah, as Reuben was afterwards by Gad. This conclusion is supported by the fact that the cities which are assigned to Simeon in the list given in Joshua 19:1-9 re-appear elsewhere as cities of Judah (cf
Etam - In Judah, garrisoned by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:6); near Bethlehem and Tekoah. Etam was one of Judah's descendants (1 Chronicles 4:3). This answers to Etam, which was large enough for 3,000 men of Judah to go up to its top. In Judah, with Lehi or En-hak-kore at its foot
Pekah - To strengthen his kingdom which had suffered much by civil wars and foreign exactions (2 Kings 15:19-20; 2 Kings 15:25-31), and to gain spoil, he joined alliance with Rezin of Damascus against Jotham of Judah (2 Kings 15:37-38). ...
But his plot with Rezin to set aside the line of David, and raise "the son of Tabeal" (probably a Syrian favored by a party in Jerusalem: Isaiah 8:6; Isaiah 8:9; Isaiah 8:12) to the throne of Judah, was ultimately frustrated according to God's purpose and word (Isaiah 7:1-16), for "Immanuel" must succeed as Son and Heir of David, which Pekah's plot was incompatible with. The project of the two allies was probably to unite the three kingdoms, Syria, Israel, and Judah, against Assyria
Jehosh'Aphat - )
King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne B. He was one of the best, most pious and prosperous kings of Judah, the greatest since Solomon. In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion
Hezekiah - At the time of Hezekiah’s accession to Judah’s throne, his country was in a sad condition. The policies of Ahaz had left Judah economically weak, politically dominated by Assyria, and religiously corrupted through false religions (see AHAZ). ...
Upon becoming king, Hezekiah set out on the bold task of strengthening the nation’s economy, overthrowing Assyrian domination, and reforming Judah’s religion. This latter achievement won him praise as being Judah’s greatest king to that time (2 Kings 18:1-8). ...
Hezekiah began his reforms by assembling the priests and Levites and telling them plainly that neglect of the temple and its services was the reason for God’s anger with Judah (2 Chronicles 29:1-11). Meanwhile in the south, Hezekiah was busy strengthening Judah’s independence. ...
As expected, Assyria sent its army to attack Judah, but Hezekiah had prepared Judah well and had equipped Jerusalem to withstand the siege (2 Chronicles 32:24-25; 2 Chronicles 32:1-6). Judah’s need was for quiet faith in God, not for military help from a foreign country (Isaiah 30:1-3; Isaiah 30:15; Isaiah 31:1; Isaiah 31:3; Isaiah 31:5; Isaiah 31:8). In answer to his prayers, God extended his life by fifteen years, enabling him to lead Judah through its period of conflict with Assyria (2 Kings 20:1-11). He was very anti-Assyrian and very proud that his achievements for Judah had attracted Babylon’s admiration (2 Kings 20:1-13; 2 Kings 18:13; 2 Chronicles 32:31). Hezekiah repented of his wrongdoing and completed his reign with Judah’s independence still intact (2 Chronicles 32:26)
Ijon - ” Place in northern Israel captured by King Ben-Hadad of Damascus as a result of his agreement with King Asa of Judah (910-869 B. This forced Baasha to defend himself on the northern border and quit intruding on Judah's territory, giving Asa opportunity to strengthen his defenses (1 Kings 15:21-22 )
Abednego - Servant of Nego; a Chaldee name give to Azariah, one of the three captive young princes of Judah, who were Daniel's companions at the court of the king of Babylon, Daniel 1:7
Zebadiah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Eshtemoa - Obedience, a town in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 21:14 ; 1 Chronicles 6:57 ), which was allotted, with the land round it, to the priests
Asa - Physician, son of Abijah and grandson of Rehoboam, was the third king of Judah
Dagon's House - The Beth-dagon of Joshua 15:41 was one of the cities of the tribe of Judah, in the lowland or plain which stretches westward
Ethan - A list similar to 1 Kings 4:31 appears among the descendants of Judah in 1Chronicles 2:6, 1 Chronicles 2:8
Izhar - The written Hebrew text of 1 Chronicles 4:7 names Izhar as a member of the tribe of Judah but uses a different letter for “h,” sometimes rendered “ch” in English
Dara - One of the four men noted for wisdom, but excelled by Solomon (1 Kings 4:31), sons of Zerach, of Pharez' distinguished family of Judah
Naomi - Elimelech and his wife left the district of Bethlehem-Judah, and found a new home in the uplands of Moab
Beth-Haccerem - One of the later kings of Judah built a grand palace there
Tappuah - City in the Shephelah district of Judah (Joshua 15:34 ), possibly Beit Nettif about twelve miles west of Bethlehem
Helez - a native of Beth-pelet in the Negeb of Judah (cf. A Judahite ( 1 Chronicles 2:39 )
Naomi - The wife of Elimelech the Ephrathite, of Beth-lehem-judah, who was driven by famine into the land of Moab
Nephtoah - A town on the boundary between Judah and Benjamin ( Joshua 15:9 ; Joshua 18:16 ), usually identified with Lifta , about 2 miles N
Talmai - One of the three giant sons of Anak slain at Hebron or Kirjath Arba (their dwelling place at the time of the spies, Numbers 13:22) by the men of Judah under Caleb (Judges 1:10; Joshua 15:14)
Kadmiel - A representative of the line of Hodaviah (Ezra 2:40 ; Nehemiah 7:43 has Hodevah), also known as the line of Judah ( Ezra 3:9 )
Makkedah - Later, Makkedah was assigned to the Shephelah (lowland) district of Judah (Joshua 15:4-1 )
Nethaniah - Levite sent along with Jehoshaphat's princes to teach from the book of the law of God in all the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Shishak - Just after Rehoboam began to reign in Judah, Shishak invaded Jerusalem and carted off the Temple treasures (1 Kings 14:25-26 )
Keilah - A city of Judah in the Shephçlah, named with Nezib and Achzib ( Joshua 15:44 )
Migdal-Gad - A town in the Shephçlah, in the territory of Judah ( Joshua 15:37 ), which cannot be identified with any certainty
Jehoiachin - Son and successor of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, b
Adoni-Bezek - A king of Bezek (a different place from that mentioned in 1 Samuel 11:8 ), who was defeated by Simeon and Judah
Nadab - Son of Shammai, of the tribe of Judah
Ariel - Symbolical name of Jerusalem, signifying 'Lion of God,' probably in reference to the lion being the emblem of Judah
Goshen - Town in the highlands of Judah
Jeshimon - of the Dead Sea and east of the river (so apparently in Numbers), or to the eastern part of the hill-country of Judah on the western shore of the Dead Sea ( Song of Solomon 1:1-17 Samam
Achor, Valley of - The valley was between Jericho and Ai, on the border of the tribe of Judah
Cain - , in the mountains of Judah
Adullam - a city in the tribe of Judah, to the west of Hebron, whose king was slain by Joshua, Joshua 12:15
a'Mos, Book of - (1) From 1:1 to 2:3 he denounces the sins of the nations bordering on Israel and Judah
Nebo - (Jeremiah 48:1-47) There was also a city of Judah of this name in the days of Ezra and Nehemiah
Goshen - ...
A town in the mountains of Judah, probably in a part of the country of Goshen
Achor - The boundary line of Judah ran by Achor
Beth-Shemesh - A city on the north of Judah belonging to the priests, Joshua 15:10; Joshua 21:16; perhaps Ir-shemesh and Mount Heres, Joshua 19:41; Judges 1:35; noted as the place to which the ark was returned, 1 Samuel 6:9-20; now a heap of ruins near ʾAin Shems, about 14 miles west of Jerusalem
Hazor - Cities in Judah and Benjamin, Joshua 15:23 ; Nehemiah 11:33
Hazael - Having usurped the throne, he reigned forty years; and by his successful and cruel wars against Judah and Israel justified the forebodings of Elisha, 2 Kings 8:28 10:32 12:17 13:3,7 2 Chronicles 22:5
Nabal - Foolish, a descendant of Caleb, owner of a large property in lands and flocks, at Maon and Carmel in the south of Judah
Akiba ben joseph - At the age of 40, at the insistence of his wife, he began studying Torah,under Eliezer ben Hyrcanus, Joshua ben Hananiah, and Nahum Ish Gamzu ultimately attracting 24,000 students including Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai, Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Judah ben Ilai
Hana'ni - 941) Asa king of Judah
jo'Tham - ...
A descendant of Judah, son of Jahdai
Makke'Dah - (It was a royal city of the Canaanites, in the plains of Judah
ek'Ron - It fell to the lot of Judah
Paarai - The founder of Arbe or Hebron was Arbe, as it is probable the city was first possessed by the Anaks, afterwards it was given to Judah in the lot of Caleb
Ben'Jamin, the Land of - That given to Benjamin formed almost a parallelogram, of about 26 miles in length by 12 in breadth, lying between Ephraim, the Jordan, Judah and Dan
Obadiah, Book of - Edom was a state to the southeast of Judah. Despite treaty ties (“brother,” Obadiah 1:10 ) the Edomitea, along with others, had failed to come to Judah's aid and had even helped Babylon by looting Jerusalem and handing over refugees. Moreover, the Edomites filled the vacuum caused by Judah's Exile by moving west and annexing the Negeb to the south of Judah and even its southern territory (compare Obadiah 1:19 ). ...
Judah reacted with a strong sense of grievance. Obadiah's oracle responded to an underlying impassioned prayer of lament, like Psalm 74:1 , Psalm 79:1 , or 137, in which Judah appealed to God to act as providential trial Judge and Savior to set right the situation. The underlying thought is that Judah had been the victim of “the day of the Lord” when God intervened in judgment, and had drunk the cup of God's wrath (Obadiah 1:15-16 ; compare Lamentations 1:12 ; Lamentations 2:21 )
Kings, the Books of - The third period, from thence, in Hezekiah's reign, until Judah's captivity in Babylon, 722-560 B. The second period (1 Kings 12:1-2 Kings 10) comprises three stages:...
(1) the enmity at first between Judah and Israel from Jeroboam to Omri, 1 Kings 12:1-16:28;...
(2) the intermarriage between the royal houses of Israel and of Judah, under Ahab, down to the destruction of both kings, Joram of Israel and Ahaziah of Judah, by Jehu, 1 Kings 16:29-2 Kings 10;...
(3) the renewal of hostilities, from Jehu's accession in Israel and Athaliah's usurpation in Judah to Israel's captivity in Hezekiah's sixth year, 1 Kings 11-17. ...
Thenceforth, David's seed having been established in Judah in conformity with God's promise (2 Samuel 7), the prophets' agency in Judah was restricted to critical times and special cases requiring the expression of Jehovah's will in the way of either reproof of declension or encouragement of faithfulness. Elijah "the prophet as fire, whose words burned as a torch" (Sirach 48:1), as champion of Jehovah, defeated Baal's and Asherah's prophets at Carmel; and averted utter apostasy front northern Israel by banding God's prophets in schools where Jehovah's worship was maintained, and a substitute supplied for the legal temple worship enjoyed by the godly in Judah. Moreover one portion (Judah, also Benjamin, Simeon, and Dan in part Israel and Judah was reserved with Jerusalem for David's seed, and should not go with the other ten tribes to Jeroboam. (See ISRAEL; Judah. ))...
The reigns of Israel's kings are more elaborately detailed, and previously to those of Judah, because Israel, with its crying evils requiring extraordinary prophetic interposition so frequently, furnished more materials for the theme of the book than Judah of which the development was more equable. All matters of important bearing on the kingdom of God in Judah are described fully. In both alike Jehovah appears as the gracious, long suffering God, yet the just punisher of the reprobate at last, but still for His covenant sake sparing and preserving a remnant, notwithstanding the idolatry of several even of Judah's kings (1 Kings 15:4; 2 Kings 8:19; 2 Kings 11:1-2). ...
Judah survived Israel's destruction because of its firm political basis in the continuous succession, of David's line, and its religious basis in the divinely appointed temple and Levitical priesthood. shedding and idolatry (the effects of which on the people the faithful Josiah could only undo externally) at last provoked God to give up Judah too to captivity; so Jehoiachin first and Zedekiah last were led away to Babylon, and Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed. (compare 2 Chronicles 20:3; 2 Chronicles 20:25) Judah and Jerusalem are the chief subject of Chronicles, Israel is in the background. The reason is (See CHRONICLES), the author (probably Ezra) seeks to encourage the returned exiles to restore the temple service and national polity as they were under the godly kings of David's line in Judah, whereas they had no existence in northern Israel. For the affairs of Judah "the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah" (1 Kings 14:29; 1 Kings 15:7; 1 Kings 15:28; 1 Kings 22:46; 2 Kings 8:23; 2 Kings 12:19). Not, the national archives kept by the "recorders" or kings' remembrancers; but annals compiled by prophets from the public, yearbooks or national archives, and also from prophets' monographs, and collections of prophecies reaching in Israel to Pekah (2 Kings 15:31), and in Judah to Jehoiakim (2 Kings 24:5), the collection being worked into a book of the times of each kingdom shortly before the overthrow of Judah. The formula "to this day" refers to the time of the still existing kingdom of Judah, toward its close, and emanated from the sources employed, not from the author of Kings, for it is common to Kings and Chronicles (1 Kings 8:8, see below, 2 Chronicles 5:9; 1 Kings 9:21 compare 2 Chronicles 8:8; 1 Kings 12:19 compare 2 Chronicles 10:19; 2 Kings 8:22 compare 2 Chronicles 21:10. " "The book of the acts of Solomon" was much earlier than the annals of Israel and Judah. The Egyptian king Psinaches' patronage of Hadad the Edomite (1 Kings 11:19-20): Solomon's alliance with his successor Psusennes who reigned 35 years; Shishak's (Sesonchis I) accession toward the close of Solomon's reign (1 Kings 11:40); his conquest of Judea under Rehoboam, represented on a monument still at Karnak which mentions "the king of Judah," the time of the Ethiopian dynasty of So (Sabak) and Tirhakah, of the 25th dynasty; the rise and speedy fall of Syrian power, Assyria overshadowing it; the account of Mesha harmonizing with the (See DIBON stone; Assyria's struggles with Egypt and Babylon's' sudden supremacy under Nebuchadnezzar over both Assyria and Egypt: all these notices in Kings accord with independent pagan history and inscriptions
Zerah - The younger-born of the twin sons of Judah by Tamar his daughter-in-law ( Genesis 38:30 ). The name of the Cushite ( 2 Chronicles 14:9-15 ) who invaded Judah in the reign of Asa
Teko'a, -
A town in the tribe of Judah. ...
A name occurring in the genealogies of Judah, (1 Chronicles 2:24 ; 4:5 ) as the son of Ashur
Helkath-Hazzurim - After the battle of Gilboa, so fatal to Saul and his house, David, as divinely directed, took up his residence in Hebron, and was there anointed king over Judah. Abner gathered all the forces at his command and marched to Gibeon, with the object of wresting Judah from David
Necho ii - 610-594), the contemporary of Josiah, king of Judah. He led forth a powerful army and marched northward, but was met by the king of Judah at Megiddo, who refused him a passage through his territory
Jew - After the death of King Solomon, the kingdom was split into two parts, the northern part being known as Israel and the southern part as Judah. By the time of the New Testament, the names ‘Hebrew’, ‘Israelite’ and ‘Jew’ were used interchangeably (Matthew 2:2; John 1:19; Acts 2:5; Romans 1:16; Romans 2:28-29; Romans 11:1; 1 Corinthians 9:20; 2 Corinthians 11:22; Galatians 2:14; Philippians 3:5; see also HEBREW; ISRAEL; Judah, TRIBE AND KINGDOM)
Kenites - Their home was the southeastern hill country of Judah. The chronicler includes the Kenite, Hemath, the father of the Rechabites, as one of the ancestors of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:55 )
Oded - When the Israelites led away 200,000 Jews captive to Samaria, "Oded went out before the host and said, Because Jehovah was angry with Judah, He hath delivered them into your hands, and ye have slain them in a rage that reacheth up into heaven (calling for divine vengeance on yourselves); and now ye purpose to keep the children of Judah bondmen
Zerubbabel - Matthew 1:12 , and 1 Chronicles 3:17 ; 1 Chronicles 3:19 , make Jeconiah king of Judah to be father to Salathiel; but they do not agree as to the father of Zerubbabel. When the Samaritans offered to assist in rebuilding the temple, Zerubbabel and the principal men of Judah refused them this honour, since Cyrus had granted his commission to the Jews only, Ezra 4:2-3
Jehoshaphat - Son and successor of Asa as king of Judah (1 Kings 15:24 ). Athaliah's influence in Judah finally proved to be horrific
Shiloh - This term is used, Genesis 49:10 , to denote the Messiah, the coming of whom Jacob foretells in these words: "The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be;" that is, until the time of Christ, Judah's self-governments as a tribe should not ceases. Some translate, "The scepter shall not depart from Judah till he comes to whom it belongs
Ruth - A severe famine in the land of Judah induced Elimelech, a native of Bethlehem --ephratah, to emigrate into the land of Moab, with his wife Naomi, and his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. At the end of ten years Naomi now left a widow and childless, having heard that there was plenty again in Judah, resolved to return to Bethlehem, and her daughter-in-law Ruth returned with her
Jeho-i'Akim - (whom Jehovah sets up ), called Eliakim, son of Josiah and king of Judah. Jehoiakim became tributary to Nebuchadnezzar after his invasion of Judah, and continued so for three years, but at the end of that time broke his oath of allegiance and rebelled against him
Josiah - The son of Amon, and his successor on the throne of Judah (2 Kings 22:1 ; 2 Chronicles 34:1 ). Nevertheless, "the Lord turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah" (2 Kings 22:3-20 ; 23:21-27 ; 2 Chronicles 35:1-19 ). ), king of Egypt, in an expedition against the king of Assyria, with the view of gaining possession of Carchemish, sought a passage through the territory of Judah for his army. ...
The army of Judah went out and encountered that of Egypt at Megiddo, on the verge of the plain of Esdraelon
Jehonadab - (Judges 4:11), others made their "nest" in the rocks of Engedi (Judges 1:16; Numbers 24:21), others near their native desert in southern Judah (1 Samuel 15:6). Jeremiah (Jeremiah 35) argues, a fortiori, if earthly sons so honour their father how much more ought Judah, to whom God hath commanded "Return ye now every man from his evil way" by His prophets, "rising early and speaking," hearken to the heavenly Father; yet Judah has not done so. Both therefore shall fare accordingly: Judah shall suffer all the evil pronounced against her; "Jehonadab the son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before Jehovah for ever
Kings, First And Second Books of, - The books of Kings contain the history from David's death and Solomon's accession to the destruction of the kingdom of Judah and the desolation of Jerusalem, with a supplemental notice of an event that occurred after an interval of twenty-six years --viz. --There was a regular series of state annals for both the kingdom of Judah and that of Israel, which embraced the whole time comprehended in the books of Kings, or at least to the end of the reign of Jehoiakim. ( 2 Kings 24:5 ) These annals are constantly cited by name as "the book of the acts of Solomon," (1 Kings 11:41 ) and after Solomon "the book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah" or "Israel," e. But in addition to these national annals, there, were also extant, at the time that the books of Kings were compiled, separate works of the several prophets who had lived in Judah and Israel
Amos - During the eighth century BC, there was widespread corruption in Israel and Judah. ...
Characteristics of the age...
Amos prophesied during the reigns of Jeroboam II in Israel and Azariah (or Uzziah) in Judah (Amos 1:1). With political stability and economic development, Israel and Judah entered an era of great prosperity. He warned, however, that judgment was coming for Judah also (2:4-5), and particularly for Israel, the corrupt northern kingdom with whom Amos was mainly concerned (2:6-16)
Sheshbazzar - King Cyrus of Persia apparently appointed Sheshbazzar governor of restored Judah and supplied his company of people with provisions and many of the treasures which the Babylonians had taken from Jerusalem
Shishak - A long list of Palestinian towns of Israel, as well as of Judah, was engraved by Sheshonk on the south wall of the temple of Karnak, but Jerusalem has not been recognized among the surviving names in the list
Host - This example was followed by David (1 Chronicles 27:1 ), and Solomon (1 Kings 4:26 ), and by the kings of Israel and Judah (2 Chronicles 17:14 ; 26:11 ; 2 Kings 11:4 , etc
Ekron - It was assigned to Judah (Joshua 13:3 ), and afterwards to (Daniel 19:43 ), but came again into the full possession of the Philistines (1 Samuel 5:10 )
Othniel - He is the only judge mentioned connected with the tribe of Judah
Earthquake - Another took place in the days of Uzziah, King of Judah (Zechariah 14:5 )
Eliakim - ...
...
The original name of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (2 Kings 23:34 )
Bohan - It was a boundary mark between Judah and Benjamin, the exact point where the mountains W
Zebadiah - Son of Ishmael of the house of Judah, and one of Jehoshaphat's rulers 'for all the king's matters
Urijah - ...
...
A prophet of Kirjath-jearim in the reign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (Jeremiah 26:20-23 )
Dothan - Here, at the suggestion of Judah, they sold him to the Ishmaelite merchants (Genesis 37:17 )
Elkanah - An official in the service of King Ahaz of Judah who was assassinated by Zichri the Ephraimite (2 Chronicles 28:7 )
en-Gannim - A town in the tribal territory of Judah located in the Shephalah (Joshua 15:34 )
Queen of Heaven - Goddess that women in Judah worshiped to ensure fertility and material stability (Jeremiah 7:18 ; Jeremiah 44:17 )
Mountain - Also a mountainous region, "the mountain of Israel" and "Judah" (Joshua 40:16; Joshua 40:21), i
Heth - Son of Canaan, Ham's son; from whence sprung the Hittites, occupying the hill country of Judah near Hebron
Surety - Judah became surety for Benjamin to Joseph (Genesis 43:9 ; Genesis 44:32 )
Zachariah - Father of Abi, or Abijah, wife of Ahaz, king of Judah
Heber - Son of Jehudijah, of the tribe of Judah
Ish-Bosheth - Son and successor of Saul, who was persuaded by Abner to go up to Mahanaim and assume the government while David reigned at Hebron, 2 Samuel 2:8; 2 Samuel 2:11; and all Israel except Judah acknowledged him as kins
Akkub - Descendant of Solomon in post-exilic Judah about 420 B
Geliloth - It was a place on the border of Benjamin and Judah near the Ascent of Adummim
Elishama - Son of Jekamiah, a descendant of Judah
Zimri - Son of Zerah, a son of Judah
Shiloah, Waters of - Northern Israel too preferred Rezin of Syria, and Pekah, to alliance with Judah, represented by softly flowing Shiloah (Isaiah 8:6; Isaiah 8:17; Isaiah 8:14)
Geba - It was held by the Philistines, but taken by Jonathan, 1 Samuel 13:3 : was a northern landmark of Judah, 2 Kings 23:8; was rebuilt by Asa, 1 Kings 15:22; held by the Assyrians, Isaiah 10:29; peopled by Benjamites after the captivity, Ezra 2:26
Blot Out - The Lord saith, that he hath so completely blotted out the sins of his people, "that the iniquity of Israel should be sought for, and there should be none; and the sins of Judah, and they should not be found
Dibon - A town in the south of Judah, Nehemiah 11:25; the same as Dimonah, Joshua 15:22, and probably modern ed-Dheib
Iddo - a prophet of the kingdom of Judah, who wrote the actions of Rehoboam's and Abijah's reigns, 2 Chronicles 12:15
Sennacherib - Hezekiah, king of Judah, having refused to pay him tribute, though he afterward submitted, he invaded Judea with a great army, took several forts, and after repeated, insolent, and blasphemous messages, besieged Jerusalem; but his army being suddenly smitten with a pestilence, which cut off a hundred and eighty-five thousand in a single night, he returned to Nineveh, where he was murdered in the temple of Nisroch by his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer, and was succeeded by his other son, Esar-haddon, 2 Kings 19:7 ; 2 Kings 19:13 ; 2 Kings 19:37
Dagon - A city in Judah was called Beth-Dagon; that is, the house, or temple, of Dagon, Joshua 15:41 ; and another on the frontiers of Asher, Joshua 19:27
Jeshua - ...
...
A city of Judah (Nehemiah 11:26 )
Adullam - An ancient and royal city in Judah, 15 or 20 miles southwest of Jerusalem
Asa - The third king of Judah; he succeeded his father Abijam, about b
Jehoahaz - Also called Shallum, 1 Chronicles 3:15 , the third son and the successor of Josiah king of Judah, B
Jehoiakim - Or ELIAKIM, second son of Josiah, brother and successor of Jehoahaz or Shallum, king of Judah, for whom he was substituted by the king of Egypt
Lehi - Jawbone, a place in Judah, where Samson was enabled to slay one thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass, and where, in answer to his petition, a fountain sprung up to relieve his thirst, Judges 15:9-19
Hills - " The "country of the hills," in (1:7; Joshua 9:1 ; 10:40 ; 11:16 ) is the elevated district of Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim, which is correctly called "the mountain" in the earliest descriptions of Palestine, (Numbers 13:29 ) and in many subsequent passages
Judas - The patriarch Judah
Exile - ) ...
...
...
Of the kingdom of the two tribes, the kingdom of Judah. Nebuchadnezzar, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 25:1 ), invaded Judah, and carried away some royal youths, including Daniel and his companions (B. (See Judah, KINGDOM OF; CAPTIVITY
Shemaiah - A prophet in the days of Rehoboam whose message from God prevented war between Israel and Judah about 930 B. His preaching humbled Rehoboam and the leaders of Judah, leading God not to permit Shishak of Egypt to destroy Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 12:1 ). Leader of Judah who participated with Nehemiah in dedicating the rebuilt walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 12:34 )
Sim'Eon - His birth is recorded in (Genesis 29:33 ) The first group of Jacob's children consists, besides Simeon, of the three other sons of Leah --Reuben, Levi, Judah. To Simeon was allotted a portion of land out of the territory of Judah, on its southern frontier, which contained eighteen or nineteen cities, with their villages, spread round the venerable well of Beersheba. (Joshua 19:1-8 ; 1 Chronicles 4:28-33 ) Of these places, with the help of Judah, the Simeonites possessed themselves, (Judges 1:3,17 ) and there they were found, doubtless by Joab, residing in the reign of David
Bethshemesh - boundary of Judah (Joshua 15:10), itself low in situation. slopes of the mountains of Judah, "a low plateau at the junction of two fine plains" (Robinson), two miles from the Philistian plain, and seven from Ekron. Here Joash king of Israel encountered and made prisoner of Amaziah of Judah (2 Kings 14:11-13; 2 Chronicles 25:21-23)
Azariah - King of Judah; see Uzziah. 1 Chronicles 2:38 , a man of Judah who had Egyptian blood in his veins ( 1 Chronicles 2:34 ). 2 Chronicles 28:12 , one of those who supported the prophet Oded when he rebuked the army of Israel for purposing to enslave the captives of Judah
Sceptre - It is well known that the word Shebeth, which is translated sceptre in the memorable prophecy of the dying patriarch Jacob when declaring that "the sceptre should not depart, from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until the Shiloh should come," (Genesis 49:10) is also translated, Judges 5:14, pen. Why may not both his regal office, and his prophetical office, be supposed as implied? The sceptre of Judah, and the pen of Zebulun, both might bear part in reference to Christ. ) And whosoever compares what Isaiah hath said in this chapter with Matthew 4:13-16, will I think conclude that the Shebeth of Judah, and the Shebeth of Zebulun, are only beautiful duplicates, under different views of office, both pointing to the Lord Jesus, and only applicable to him
Rechabites - " These Kenites, afterward styled Rechabites, were of the family of Jethro, otherwise called Hobab, whose daughter Moses married; for "the children of the Kenite, Moses's father-in-law," it is said, "went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah, and dwelt among the people," Judges 1:16 ; and we read of "Heber the Kenite, who was of the children of Hobab, the father-in- law of Moses, who had severed himself from the Kenites," or from the bulk of them who settled in the tribe of Judah, "and pitched his tent in the plain of Zaanaim," Judges 4:11 . This was the institution of the children of Rechab; and this they continued to observe for upward of three hundred years, from the time of Jehu to that of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, when Nebuchadnezzar coming to besiege Jerusalem, the Rechabites were obliged to leave the country and take refuge in the city
Ahaziah - The Moabites, who had been always obedient to the kings of the ten tribes, ever since their separation from the kingdom of Judah, revolted after the death of Ahab, and refused to pay the ordinary tribute. AHAZIAH, king of Judah, the son of Jehoram and Athaliah. He succeeded his father in the kingdom of Judah, A
Simeon - Levi had no compact lot or portion in the Holy Land; and Simeon received for his portion only a district dismembered from Judah, with some other lands the tribe overran in the mountains of Seir, and in the desert of Gedor, 1 Chronicles 4:24,39,42 . The portion of Simeon was west and south or that of Judah, having the Philistines on the northwest and the desert on the south, Joshua 19:1-9 . We find them faithful to David, 1 Chronicles 12:25 , and afterwards to Asa, 2 Chronicles 15:9 , and in general absorbed by Judah
Tribes - those belonging to the ancient tribe of Judah. Most of these returned exiles came to be regarded as members of the tribes of Judah or Benjamin, although some may have been able to trace their descent from a distinguished member of another tribe, and others determined their tribe from the locality which they left at the Exile. ...
In the NT we have few allusions to any of the tribes, with the exception of Judah and Benjamin, which were always more or less closely associated. The fact that Jesus was connected with the royal tribe of Judah is frequently mentioned, and the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews calls attention to the fact in order to bring out the uniqueness of Christ’s Priesthood (Hebrews 7:13-14). In the same way the writer of the Apocalypse calls Him the ‘lion of the tribe of Judah’ (Revelation 5:5). The tribes enumerated are Judah, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin
Chronology of the Biblical Period - The divided monarchy of Israel and Judah began with the ascension of Rehoboam following Solomon's death, and lasted until the fall of Samaria in 722 B. ended Judah's existence as a monarchy. 1,2Kings gives many synchronisms between the kings of Judah and Israel, following this pattern; “In the _____ year of _____, son of _____, king of Judah, _____ began to reign over Israel in Samaria. ) Even with these synchronisms, some difficulty remains in establishing dates and precise parallels because the kings of Judah, and Israel figured their reigns differently during a portion of this time. The kings of Judah figured their reign from their first full year as king. Therefore, the length of reign for a king of Israel was counted as one year longer than a similar reign for a king of Judah. ...
The last days of the kingdom of Judah involve the kings of Babylon, thus giving an outside source to date Judah's history. Nehemiah returned to Judah in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes (Nehemiah 1:1 ). ...
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY...
Periods of History...
Critical...
Traditional...
Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)...
1700-1500...
2000...
Exodus...
1290...
1450...
Conquest...
1250...
1400...
Judges...
1200-1025...
1360-1025...
Kings...
...
...
Kings of United Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Saul...
1025-1005...
1020-1004...
David...
1005-965...
1004-965...
Solomon...
965-925...
965-931...
Kings of the Divided Kingdom...
Judah...
Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Rehoboam...
...
924-907...
931-913...
...
Jeroboam...
924-903...
926-909...
Abijam (Abijah)...
...
907-906...
913-910...
Asa...
...
905-874...
910-869...
...
Nadab...
903-902...
909-908...
...
Baasha...
902-886...
908-886...
...
Elah...
886-885...
886-885...
...
Zimri...
885...
885...
...
(Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )...
885-881...
885-880...
...
Omri...
885-873...
885-874...
Jehoshaphat...
...
874-850...
873-848...
...
Ahab...
873-851...
874-853...
...
Ahaziah...
851-849...
853-852...
Jehoram (Joram)...
...
850-843...
853-841...
...
Jehoram...
849-843...
852-841...
Ahaziah...
...
843...
841...
Athaliah...
...
843-837...
841-835...
...
Jehu...
843-816...
841-814...
Joash (Jehoash)...
...
837-796...
835-796...
...
Jehoahaz...
816-800...
814-798...
Amaziah...
...
798-767...
796-767...
...
Joash (Jehoash)...
800-785...
798-782...
Uzziah (Azariah)...
...
791-740...
792-740...
...
Jeroboam II...
785-745...
793-753...
Jotham...
...
750-742...
750-732...
...
Zechariah...
745...
753-752...
...
Shallum...
745...
752...
...
Menahem...
745-736...
752-742...
Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)...
...
742-727...
735-715...
...
Pekahiah...
736-735...
742-740...
...
Pekah...
735-732...
752-732...
...
Hoshea...
732-723...
732-723...
Hezekiah...
...
727-698...
715-686...
...
Fall of Samaria ...
722 ...
723/722 ...
Manasseh...
...
697-642...
696-642...
Amon...
...
642-640...
642-640...
Josiah...
...
639-606...
640-609...
Jehoahaz II...
...
609...
609...
Jehoiakim...
...
608-598...
609-597...
Jehoiachin...
...
598-597...
597...
Zedekiah...
...
597-586...
597-586...
Fall of Jerusalem ...
...
586 ...
586 ...
BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE...
Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel...
597...
Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon...
586...
Gedaliah set over Judea...
58...
Gedaliah assassinated...
581 (?)...
Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt...
581 (?)...
Judeans deported to Babylon...
581...
Cyrus, king of Persia...
559-530...
Babylon captured...
539...
Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel...
538...
Temple restoration begun but quickly halted...
538...
Cambysses, king of Persia...
530-522...
Darius, king of Persia...
522-486...
Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple...
520-515...
Temple completed and rededicated...
515...
Xerxes, king of Persia...
486-465...
Artaxerxes I, king of Persia...
465-424...
Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law...
458...
Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls...
445...
NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
Arad - Both are located in the dry, semi-desert region known as the Negeb in the southern extreme of Judah's territory. Subsequently the Kenites settled in Arad near the tribe of Judah (Judges 1:16-17 ). ...
Another Arad location about seventeen miles west northwest of Beersheba is not mentioned in the Bible, but was an important fortress for Judah from Solomon's time to Josiah, over three hundred years
Shallum - ...
...
One of the posterity of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:40,41 ). He remained a captive in Egypt till his death, and was the first king of Judah that died in exile
Beth-Horon - When King Amaziah of Judah (796-767 B. ) followed a prophet's advice and sent home mercenary soldiers he had hired from Israel, those soldiers fought the cities of Judah, including Beth-horon (2 Chronicles 25:13 )
Hormah - At a later time it was taken and destroyed by Israel ( Numbers 21:3 , Joshua 12:19 ), this feat being attributed in Judges 1:17 to Judah and Simeon. ’ It was one of ‘the uttermost cities of Judah, towards the borders of Edom in the south,’ and is named between Chesll and Ziklag ( Joshua 15:30 ), also between Bethul (or Bethuel) and Ziklag ( Joshua 19:4 , 1 Chronicles 4:30 ), in the territory occupied by Simeon
ab'Ner - (1 Samuel 14:51 ; 17:57 ; 26:5-14 ) After the death of Saul David was proclaimed king of Judah; and some time subsequently Abner proclaimed Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, king of Israel. War soon broke out between the two rival kings, and a "very sore battle" was fought at Gibeon between the men of Israel under Abner and the men of Judah under Joab
Adoni'Jah -
The fourth son of David by Haggith, born at Hebron while his father was king of Judah. [1] His name and influence secured a large number of followers among the captains of the royal army belonging to the tribe of Judah, comp
Sennacherib - 700, Sennacherib turned his arms toward the west, attacked Sidon, and finally marched against Hezekiah, king of Judah. "Sennacherib came up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them
Ahaz - ) Son of Jotham; ascended the throne of Judah in his 20th year (2 Kings 16:2), a transcriber's error for 25th year; as read in the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic (2 Chronicles 28:1); for otherwise Hezekiah his son would be born when Ahaz was 11 years old. Rezin, king of Damascus, and Pekah of Israel leagued against Judah, to put on the throne the son of Tabeal, probably a Syrian (1 Kings 16:7-1014). What mock humility in one who scrupled not to use God's brazen altar to divine with, and had substituted for God's altar in God's worship the pattern, which pleased his aesthetic tastes, of the idol altar at Damascus (2 Kings 16:11-15); perhaps the adoption of this pattern, an Assyrian one, was meant as a token of vassalage to Assyria, by adopting some of their religious usage's and idolatries; indeed Tiglath Pileser expressly records in the Assyrian monuments that he held his court at Damascus, and there received submission and tribute of both Pekah of Samaria and Ahaz of Judah. ...
Pekah slew 120,000 valiant men of Judah in one day, "because they had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers"; Zichri of Ephraim slew the king's son Maaseiah, and Azrikim the governor of his house, and Elkanah next to the king. Pekah took Elath, which Uzziah or Ahaziah had restored to Judah, a flourishing port on the Red Sea; "the Syrians" according to KJV "came and dwelt in it": or, reading (2 Kings 16:6) Adomim for Aromim, "the Edomites"; who also came and smote Judah on the E. The feeble Ahaz, retributively" brought low," even as he had "made naked" (stripped of the true defense, Jehovah, Exodus 32:25, by sin) Judah, sought deliverance by becoming Tiglath Pileser's vassal (1618100556_1). " Ahaz cut in pieces God's vessels, and shut up the doors of the temple, and made altars in every grainer of Jerusalem, and burnt incense on high places in every several city of Judah
Nahum - , Israel and Judah had been Assyrian vassals. Many vassal nations revolted along with Josiah of Judah (2 Kings 22-23 ). Assyria's might had been heavy upon Judah, but Nahum announced that God would destroy them. Perhaps the people of Judah doubted God's justness since Assyria seemed to have no restraints. ...
While the Book of Nahum is harsh and deals with the unpleasantness of war, it served to give hope to the people of Judah
Lion - It would have been unnecessary, in a work of this kind, to have noticed the lion, had it not been that the Lord Jesus Christ is spoken of under this title, as "the Lion of the tribe of Judah. The dying patriarch blessing the tribe of Judah, and holding forth his prophetic sayings with an eye to Christ, describes our glorious Judah, or Jehudah, under this strong figure—his hand was to be "in the neck of his enemies;" meaning that he would totally destroy them from the head to the feet. "Judah (said he) is a lion's whelp; from the prey, my son, thou art gone up; he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion, who shall rouse, him up?" It is said of the lion, that both in his rampant state, when couching, he is equally formidable; when seizing his prey, or when consuming it, none dare to follow or oppose. "The Lion of the tribe of Judah" is gone up from the prey, and he alone hath power to kill and to save
Edom - ...
The strategic and economic importance of Ezion-geber and Elath was one cause of later conflicts between Judah and Edom. When Judah weakened during the reign of Jehoram, Edom regained its independence (2 Kings 8:20-22). Under Amaziah, Judah conquered the mountain regions of Edom, and under Azariah it took control of Ezion-geber (2 Kings 14:7; 2 Kings 14:22). Judah lost Ezion-geber to Edom in the reign of Ahaz and never regained it (2 Kings 16:6). ...
When Judah finally fell and Jerusalem was destroyed by Babylon (587 BC), the Edomites took wicked delight in joining with the Babylonians to try to wipe out the last traces of the ancient Israelite nation
Jehoshaphat - And his heart was lifted up in the ways of the Lord; moreover he took away the high places and groves out of Judah" (2 Chronicles 17:3-6; 2 Corinthians 6:17-184). To remedy the people's ignorance of the book of the law, in the third year of his reign he sent a commission of five princes, nine Levites, and two priests to go through the cities of Judah, teaching them in it; a model for rulers as to national education (Deuteronomy 11:19-21). Jehoshaphat at first fortified the cities of Judah and those of Ephraim taken by Asa (2 Chronicles 17:2) to secure himself against Israel. ) A fatal union (1 Corinthians 15:33)! Many facts attest the intimacy between the two dynasties; (See ELIJAH'S avoiding Judah when fleeing from Ahab; the same names given in the two families; Jehovah's name compounded in names of Ahab's idolatrous children; Jehoshaphat's readiness to go with (See AHAB to battle at Ramoth Gilead. " Amariah the chief priest presided in religious questions; Zebadiah, "ruler of the house of Judah" (tribal prince of Judah), in civil questions. ...
Five divisions comprised his soldiery, comprising 780,000 men in Judah and 380,000 in Benjamin. round about Judah" (so Genesis 35:5), that was his main defense, "so that they made no war on Jehoshaphat. Edom had a "deputy king," a vassal to Judah; "there was (then) no (real, independent) king" (1 Kings 22:47). This was subsequent to the Edomite, Ammonite, and Moabite invasion of Judah by way of Engedi. ) Edom joined with Ammon and other desert tribes enumerated in Psalms 83:3-7 ("other beside the Ammonites," KJV 2 Chronicles 20:1; Hiller proposes to read Maonites from Maan a city near Petra on mount Seir, tribes from all parts of mount Seir: Keil; 26:7, Mehunims), to not only throw off Judah's supremacy but root the Jews out of their divinely given inheritance; but in vain. "He feared, set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout Judah," so that "out of all the cities they came to ask help of Jehovah. ...
Jahaziel then gave the promise from God (compare Exodus 14:13-14), and Jehoshaphat and all Judah bowed with face to the ground. His character stands among the highest for piety of Judah's kings, and the kingdom in his reign was at its zenith
Mehunim - The Meunites raided Judah during the reign of Jehoshaphat (873-849 B
Aroer - A town of Judah, to which David sent presents, 1 Samuel 30:28 1 Chronicles 11:44
Adullam - An ancient city in the plain of Judah, southwest of Jerusalem, Genesis 38:1 Joshua 15:35
Guest - Figurative uses of guest include Zephaniah 1:7 where consecrated guests are an image of invading armies the Lord invited to punish Judah
Nethaneel - ...
...
One of the "princes" appointed by Jehoshaphat to teach the law through the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Judea - The area, formerly called Judah, was first given the name Judea following the Babylonian Exile
Elihu - David's brother in charge of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 27:18 )
Elah - Son of Caleb and father of Kenaz among clans of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:15 )
Merodach-Baladan - Merodach-baladan sent envoys to King Hezekiah of Judah (Isaiah 39:1 ; 2 Kings 20:12-13 ), who inventoried the palace treasures
Zorah - A town allotted to Judah, according to Joshua 15:33 ; but elsewhere spoken of as Danite ( Joshua 19:41 , Judges 18:2-3 ; Judges 18:11 ); specially noted as the home of Samson ( Judges 13:2 ; Judges 13:25 ), who was buried between Zorah and Eshtaol ( Judges 16:21 ). It was fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:10 ), and is mentioned in Nehemiah 11:29 as peopled by Judahites after the Captivity
Kiriath-Arba - It was the chief city in the hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:54 ) and was both a Levitical city (Joshua 21:11 ) and a city of refuge (Joshua 20:7 )
Landmark - Hosea 5:10 condemns the ruthless rulers of Judah as like those who remove landmarks, that is, those who have no regard for justice or for the traditional law
Dominion - Judah was his sanctuary Israel his dominion
Jarmuth - ), in the Shephçlab, assigned to Judah ( Joshua 15:35 )
Ain - A southern city of Judah, afterward of Simeon, then assigned to the priests (