What does Jotham mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
יוֹתָ֥ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 5
יוֹתָ֛ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 3
יוֹתָ֣ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 2
וְיוֹתָ֤ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 2
יוֹתָ֔ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 2
יוֹתָם֙ son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 2
יוֹתָ֖ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 2
ἰωαθάμ the son of King Uzziah or Azariah and Jerusha. 1
ἰωαθὰμ the son of King Uzziah or Azariah and Jerusha. 1
וְיוֹתָ֛ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 1
יוֹתָ֑ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 1
לְיוֹתָ֖ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 1
יוֹתָ֨ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 1
יוֹתָ֧ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 1
לְיוֹתָ֗ם son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel. 1

Definitions Related to Jotham

H3147


   1 son of king Uzziah of Judah by Jerushah; king of Judah for 16 years and contemporary with Isaiah and king Pekah of Israel.
   2 son of Jahdai and a descendant of Caleb and Judah.
   3 youngest son of Gideon who escaped from the massacre of his brothers.
   Additional Information: Jotham = “Jehovah is perfect”.
   

G2488


   1 the son of King Uzziah or Azariah and Jerusha.
   Additional Information: Jotham = “Jehovah is upright”.
   

Frequency of Jotham (original languages)

Frequency of Jotham (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jotham
Jehovah is perfect.
The youngest of Gideon's seventy sons. He escaped when the rest were put to death by the order of Abimelech (Judges 9:5 ). When "the citizens of Shechem and the whole house of Millo" were gathered together "by the plain of the pillar" (i.e., the stone set up by Joshua, 24:26; Compare Genesis 35:4 ) "that was in Shechem, to make Abimelech king," from one of the heights of Mount Gerizim he protested against their doing so in the earliest parable, that of the bramble-king. His words then spoken were prophetic. There came a recoil in the feelings of the people toward Abimelech, and then a terrible revenge, in which many were slain and the city of Shechem was destroyed by Abimelech (Judges 9:45 ). Having delivered his warning, Jotham fled to Beer from the vengeance of Abimelech (9:7-21).
The son and successor of Uzziah on the throne of Judah. As during his last years Uzziah was excluded from public life on account of his leprosy, his son, then twenty-five years of age, administered for seven years the affairs of the kingdom in his father's stead (2 Chronicles 26:21,23 ; 27:1 ). After his father's death he became sole monarch, and reigned for sixteen years (B.C. 759-743). He ruled in the fear of God, and his reign was prosperous. He was contemporary with the prophets Isaiah, Hosea, and Micah, by whose ministrations he profited. He was buried in the sepulchre of the kings, greatly lamented by the people (2 Kings 15:38 ; 2 Chronicles 27:7-9 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jotham
(joh' thuhm) Personal name meaning, “Yahweh has shown Himself to be perfect.” 1. In Judges 9:5 , the youngest of Gideon's seventy sons. He survived the mass killing of Gideon's sons by Abimelech, their half brother, because he hid himself. Afterwards, when Abimelech had been hailed as king at Shechem, Jotham addressed a fable to the people of Shechem designed to mock the idea of Abimelech acting as a king. After he had told the fable and given its interpretation, Jotham fled for his life. See Judges. 2. In 2 Kings 15:32 , the son and successor of Uzziah as king of Judah (750-732 B.C.). He was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned for sixteen years. His mother's name was Jerusha. The sixteen-year period given for his reign may include the time that he acted as regent for his father Uzziah. Uzziah contracted leprosy during the final years of his reign and thus could not perform the functions required of royalty. Jotham evidently was an effective ruler. His reign was marked by building projects, material prosperity, and military successes. See Chronology.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jotham (1)
JOTHAM (judge). The youngest son of Jerubbaal, who, by hiding himself, escaped the massacre of his brethren by Abimelech ( Judges 9:5 ). When Abimelech had been proclaimed king by the Shechemites, Jotham appeared, close to where they were assembled, on Mt. Gerizim, and addressed to them the ‘Parable of the Trees’ ( Judges 9:8-20 ). The parable, which is somewhat incongruous in parts, is intended as an appeal to the conscience of the Shechemites; in case the appeal should turn out to be fruitless (which indeed proved to be the case), Jotham utters a curse ( Judges 9:20 ) against both Abimelech and the Shechemites; this curse is shortly afterwards fulfilled. After his address, Jotham flees to Beer, fearing the vengeance of Abimelech, and we hear of him no more.
W. O. E. Oesterley.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jotham
JOTHAM. 1. A king of Judah in the time of Isaiah. His father was afflicted with leprosy, and Jotham had some sort of regency before becoming sole ruler ( 2 Kings 15:5 ). We know nothing of him except that he rebuilt or ornamented one of the gates of the Temple ( 2 Kings 15:35 ), and that the hostilities which later culminated in the invasion of Judah began before his death ( 2 Kings 15:37-38 ).
2. A Calebite ( 1 Chronicles 2:47 ).
H. P. Smith.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Jotham
JOTHAM.—A king of Judah, named in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:9).
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jotham
Jotham (jô'tham), Jehovah is upright. 1. The youngest son br Gideon, Judges 9:5, who escaped from the massacre of his brethren. His parable of the reign of the bramble is the earliest example of the kind, Judges 9:7 to Judges 21:2. The son of king Uzziah or Azariah and Jerushah. After ruling the kingdom for some years during his father's leprosy, he succeeded to the throne b.c. 758, when he was 25 years old, and reigned 16 years in Jerusalem. He was contemporary with Pekah and with the prophet Isaiah. His history is contained in 2 Kings 15:1-38 and 2 Chronicles 27:1-9.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jotham
The perfection of the Lord
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jotham
1. The youngest son of Gideon, who escaped the massacre of his brethren by Abimelech, and afterwards boldly and prophetically denounced the Shechemites in the beautiful parable of the bramble and the other trees. He escaped to Beer, and probably lived to see his threatenings fulfilled, Judges 9:1-57 . See ABIMELECH 3.
2. The son and successor of Uzziah, or Azariah, king of Judah, B. C. 758. He appears to have been for some years regent before the death of Uzziah his leprous father, but ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five years, and reigned sixteen years in the fear of God. The history of his wise and prosperous reign, and of his useful public works, is found in 2 Kings 15:5,32,38 2 Chronicles 26:21 27:9 .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jotham
1. Gideon's youngest son; escaped when his 69 brothers were killed at Ophrah by their half brother Abimelech. Upon the latter being made king, Jotham from Mount Gerizim, which rises 800 ft. above the valley of Shechem on the S. side of the city, uttered against him and the Shechemites the parable or fable (the oldest extant) of the bramble and the trees. (See FABLE.) The olive, fig, and vine, the most valuable products of Palestine, represent the nobler persons like Gideon, who bear fruit to God's glory and man's good, and wish no transference to kingly positions ("to float about restless and insecure", nuwah , instead of being rooted in the soil: Judges 9:9). The bramble, good for nothing but to burn, represents Abimelech who can do nothing but harm. The bramble's hollow pretentiousness appears in his invitation, "trust in my shadow!" It could only scratch, not shelter from the heat. Easily catching fire, it can set on fire the noblest trees of Lebanon; the worthless can cause fatal hurt to the noblest (Exodus 22:5). Jotham fled to Beer and dwelt there, out of Abimelech's way.
2. King Jotham, son of Uzziah or Azariah and Jerushah. He was regent during Uzziah's leprosy (2 Chronicles 26:21); at the age of 25 he succeeded him, and reigned for 16 years in Jerusalem (758-742 B.C.). A contemporary of Isaiah. He did right before the Lord; but did not remove the high places, for "the people did yet corruptly," sacrificing and burning incense still on them (2 Kings 15; 2 Chronicles 27), He built the higher gate of the house of Jehovah, i.e. the N. gate of the inner or upper court (see Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 8:5; Ezekiel 8:14; Ezekiel 8:16; Ezekiel 9:2; Ezekiel 40:38-43), and built much at the wall of the Ophel (the S. slope of the temple mountain, a wall from which passed to the W. mountain, commonly called Zion), and cities on Judah's mountains, and castles in the forests to protect the herds, as Uzziah had done (2 Chronicles 26:10). (See JERUSALEM.) He imposed on Ammon, after subduing them, a heavy tribute for three years.
3. 1 Chronicles 2:47.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jotham
1. Gideon'syoungest son who escaped the massacre by Abimelech. He boldly declared the parable 'The Reign of the Bramble' in the hearing of the men of Shechem. Judges 9:5-21,57 .
2. Son and successor of Uzziah, or Azariah, king of Judah: he reigned sixteen years: B.C. 758-742, besides ruling during the leprosy of his father. Jotham did that which was right in the sight of the Lord. He erected the high gate of the house of the Lord, and built much on Ophel; also in the mountains of Judah he built cities, castles, and towers. He conquered the Ammonites, and for three years they paid him tribute. He became mighty because he prepared his way before the Lord his God. 2 Kings 15:5-38 ; 2 Chronicles 27:1-9 ; Isaiah 1:1 ; Isaiah 7:1 ; Hosea 1:1 ; Micah 1:1 . Called JOATHAMin Matthew 1:9 .
3. Son of Jahdai, a descendant of Judah. 1 Chronicles 2:47 .
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jotham
The book of Judges records the story of Jotham the son of Gideon. After Gideon’s death, another son, Abimelech, killed his brothers and, with the help of some worthless men from Shechem, established himself ‘king’. Jotham, who was the only one of Gideon’s sons to escape the massacre, told a parable to warn the Shechemites of the trouble they had brought upon themselves (Judges 9:1-21). His forecast of doom came true when Abimelech’s ambition brought about his own death and the destruction of his supporters (Judges 9:57).
About five hundred years later another man named Jotham appears in the Bible story. He was the son of King Uzziah, and helped his father rule Judah when Uzziah became a leper in his later years (2 Chronicles 26:21). After his father’s death (739 BC), Jotham maintained the policies of national development his father had introduced. Judah continued to enjoy prosperity (2 Chronicles 27:1-6; see also UZZIAH). Nevertheless, the greed and corruption of Uzziah’s reign continued through the reign of Jotham. The prophets Hosea, Isaiah and Micah denounced the social and religious evils of the self-satisfied people (Isaiah 1:1; Hosea 1:1; Micah 1:1). (For details of social conditions in Judah during the reign of Jotham see ISAIAH; MICAH.)

Sentence search

Joatham - Same as Jotham
Jotham - The book of Judges records the story of Jotham the son of Gideon. Jotham, who was the only one of Gideon’s sons to escape the massacre, told a parable to warn the Shechemites of the trouble they had brought upon themselves (Judges 9:1-21). ...
About five hundred years later another man named Jotham appears in the Bible story. After his father’s death (739 BC), Jotham maintained the policies of national development his father had introduced. Nevertheless, the greed and corruption of Uzziah’s reign continued through the reign of Jotham. (For details of social conditions in Judah during the reign of Jotham see ISAIAH; MICAH
Jotham (1) - Jotham (judge). When Abimelech had been proclaimed king by the Shechemites, Jotham appeared, close to where they were assembled, on Mt. The parable, which is somewhat incongruous in parts, is intended as an appeal to the conscience of the Shechemites; in case the appeal should turn out to be fruitless (which indeed proved to be the case), Jotham utters a curse ( Judges 9:20 ) against both Abimelech and the Shechemites; this curse is shortly afterwards fulfilled. After his address, Jotham flees to Beer, fearing the vengeance of Abimelech, and we hear of him no more
Jotham - JOTHAM
Joatham - (joh' uh tham) KJV transliteration of Greek for Jotham (Matthew 1:9 )
Jerusha - Mother of Jotham king of Judah
Jerusha - , "by a husband", the wife of Uzziah, and mother of king Jotham (2 Kings 15:33 )
Jerusha, Jerushah - Daughter of Zadok, wife of Uzziah, and mother of Jotham, king of Judah
Joatham - The same as Jotham, the son of Uzziah
Jotham - Jotham. His father was afflicted with leprosy, and Jotham had some sort of regency before becoming sole ruler ( 2 Kings 15:5 )
Jerusha - The mother of Jotham, son of Uzziah king of Judah
Jorai - Among those "reckoned by genealogies" in the days of Jotham king of Judah and Jeroboam II of Israel (1 Chronicles 5:13; 1 Chronicles 5:17)
ab'di-el - (the servant of God ), son of Guni and father of Ahi, one of the Gadites who were settled in the land of Bashan, ( 1 Chronicles 5:15 ), in the days of Jotham king of Judah
Jotham - Afterwards, when Abimelech had been hailed as king at Shechem, Jotham addressed a fable to the people of Shechem designed to mock the idea of Abimelech acting as a king. After he had told the fable and given its interpretation, Jotham fled for his life. Jotham evidently was an effective ruler
a'hi -
A Gadite, chief of a family who lived in Gilead in Bashan, (1 Chronicles 5:15 ) in the days of Jotham and of Judah
Hoshea - He conspired against Pekah and slew him, and reigned in his stead, 'in the twentieth year of Jotham. ' (But Jotham reigned only 16 years, and the above probably means that Pekah was slain in the twentieth year after Jotham became king
be'er - (Numbers 21:16-18 ) This is possibly the BEER-ELIM of (Isaiah 15:8 ) ...
A place to which Jotham, the son of Gideon, fled for fear of his brother Abimelech
Beer - Jotham took refuge there from his brother Abimelech, Judges 9:21
Jerusha - ” Mother of Jotham, king of Judah (2 Kings 15:33 )
Beer - ) ...
...
A town in the tribe of Judah to which Jotham fled for fear of Abimelech ( Judges 9:21 )
Beth-Millo - Jotham, Jerubaal's (or Gideon's) son asked citizens to overthrow Abimelech at Beth Millo (Judges 9:6 ,Judges 9:6,9:20 )
mi'Cah - Micah exercised the prophetical office during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, giving thus a maximum limit of 59 years, B. 756-697, from the accession of Jotham to the death of Hezekiah, and a minimum limit of 16 years, B. 742-726, from the death of Jotham to the accession of Hezekiah
Beer - Jotham fled to Beer when he feared his brother Abimelech would kill him (Judges 9:21 )
Bramble - Judges 9:14 (b) Jotham used the bramble as a type of Abimelech, presenting him as a little, insignificant, inconsequential man who would be untrue to them and would be a sticker in their sides
Siloam, Tower of - Jotham "built much on the wall of Ophel" (2 Chronicles 27:3); "Manasseh compassed about Ophel" (2 Chronicles 33:14); a "tower lay (projecting) out" in Ophel (Nehemiah 3:26); such a projection might easily fall
Abimelech - A son of Gideon by a concubine, made himself king of Shechem after his father's death, and slew his father's seventy sons on one stone, only Jotham the youngest being left. Jotham reproached the Shechemites for their conduct, in his celebrated fable to the trees
Isa'Iah, - The Hebrew name signifies Salvation of Jahu (a shortened form of Jehovah), He prophesied concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, ( Isaiah 1:1 ) covering probably 758 to 698 B
Beer - Place to which Jotham fled for fear of his brother Abimelech
Ahaz - succeeded his father Jotham, as king of Israel, at the age of twenty years, reigned till the year before Christ, 726, and addicted himself to the practice of idolatry
Bramble - The apologue or fable of Jotham has always been admired for its spirit and application
re'Zin - He attacked Jotham during the latter part of his reign, (2 Kings 15:37 ) but his chief war was with Ahaz, whose territories he invaded, in conjunction with Pekah about B
Jotham - Upon the latter being made king, Jotham from Mount Gerizim, which rises 800 ft. Jotham fled to Beer and dwelt there, out of Abimelech's way. King Jotham, son of Uzziah or Azariah and Jerushah
Fable - Thus we have (1) the fable of Jotham, in which the trees are spoken of as choosing a king (Judges 9:8-15 ); and (2) that of the cedars of Lebanon and the thistle as Jehoash's answer to Amaziah (2 Kings 14:9 )
Ophel - A part of Jerusalem, first mentioned in 2 Chronicles 27:3 , where it is said that Jotham built much "on the wall of Ophel
Jotham - Jotham (jô'tham), Jehovah is upright
Micah, Book of - The superscription to this book states that the prophet exercised his office in the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. If we reckon from the beginning of Jotham's reign to the end of Hezekiah's (B. 759-698), then he ministered for about fifty-nine years; but if we reckon from the death of Jotham to the accession of Hezekiah (B
Meshullam -
One of the chief Gadites in Bashan in the time of Jotham (1 Chronicles 5:13 )
Gerizim - It should seem, that Gerizim was very near to Shechem; for Jotham, the son of Gideon, addressed the people of that city from it
Uzziah - Son ofAmaziah and father of Jotham. His son Jotham acted as regent while he lived
Micah - He prophesied under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, for about fifty years, if with some we reckon from near the beginning of the reign of Jotham, to the last year of Hezekiah B
Beer - The place to which Jotham ran away after uttering his parable ( Judges 9:21 )
Rezin - ) He previously attacked Jotham
Abimelech - His mother belonged to one of the leading Canaanite families in Shechem, although Judges 8:31 calls her a concubine, and Jotham ( Judges 9:18 ) brands her as a maidservant. But Jotham sowed the seeds of dissension between the new ruler and his subjects, and the latter soon took offence because the king did not reside among them
Ahaz - ...
The son and successor of Jotham, king of Judah (2Kings 16; Isaiah 7-9 ; 2 Chronicles 228 )
o'Phel - In ( 2 Chronicles 27:3 ) Jotham is said to have built much "on the wall of Ophel
Micah - The sixth of the minor prophets, is called the Morashite, from his birthplace Moresheh, in the territory of Gath, westward from Jerusalem, He prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, b
Jotham - Jotham did that which was right in the sight of the Lord
Beer - A place whither Jotham, Gideon's son, fled from Abimelech (Judges 9:21)
Ophel - Jotham "built much on the wall of Ophel" Manasseh "compassed about Ophel" (2 Chronicles 27:3; 2 Chronicles 33:14); on the Ophla, as Josephus calls it (see B
Fable - Of the fable, as distinguished from the parable [1], we have but two examples in the Bible: ...
That of the trees choosing their king, addressed by Jotham to the men of Shechem, (Judges 9:8-15 ) ...
That of the cedar of Lebanon and the thistle, as the answer of Jehoash to the challenge of Amaziah
Ahaz - Son of Jotham, and twelfth king of Judah
Ahaz - Ahaz, whose name means “he has grasped,” was the son and successor of Jotham as king of Judah and the father of Hezekiah
Hoshea (2) - , "in the 20th year of Jotham," i. e, 20th after Jotham became sole king (2 Kings 15:30; 2 Kings 15:33)
Abimelech - Jotham alone escaped, who pronounced a curse upon the murderers
Zadok - ...
...
The father of Jerusha, who was wife of King Uzziah, and mother of King Jotham (2 Kings 15:33 ; 2 Chronicles 27:1 )
Table of Kings And Prophets in Israel And Judah - ...
772...
Menahem,...
761...
Pekahiah,...
759...
Pekah,...
758...
Jotham,...
Isaiah
a'Haz - (possessor ), eleventh king of Judah, son of Jotham, reigned 741-726, about sixteen years
Olive-Tree - It is mentioned in the first Old Testament parable, that of Jotham (Judges 9:9 ), and is named among the blessings of the "good land," and is at the present day the one characteristic tree of Palestine
Jotham - Having delivered his warning, Jotham fled to Beer from the vengeance of Abimelech (9:7-21)
Ahaz - AHAZ , son and successor of Jotham, king of Judah, came to the throne about b
Gerizim - Here Jotham spoke his parable to the elders of Shechem ( Judges 9:7 ). A ledge of rock half-way up the hill is still often called ‘Jotham’s pulpit
Abim'Elech - ) After his father's death he murdered all his brethren, 70 in number, with the exception of Jotham, the youngest, who concealed himself; and he then persuaded the Shechemites to elect him king
Prophets - Hosea, under Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and under Jeroboam II And his successors, kings of Israel. Isaiah, near the death of Uzziah king of Judah, and the beginning of the reign of Jotham, B. Micah, under Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. Jotham began to reign B
Ahaz - 742-727), son and successor of Jotham (apparently, the same as ACHAZ in Matthew 1:9 )
Abimelech - He slew his father's 70 sons on one stone, leaving only Jotham, the youngest, alive, who hid himself
pe'Kah - He must have made the treaty by which he proposed to share its spoil with Rezin king of Damascus, when Jotham was still on the throne of Jerusalem (2 Kings 10:37 ) but its execution was long delayed, probably in consequence of that prince's righteous and vigorous administration
Abimelech - At Gideon's death he murdered his seventy brethren, excepting the youngest, Jotham, who hid himself, and by his mother's brethren influenced the Shechemites to make him king. Then Jotham addressed to the Shechemites the fable of the trees and the bramble (Judges 9), presaging a feud between Abimelech and Shechem which would mutually consume both
Gaza or Azzah - It yielded allegiance to David and Solomon, recovered its liberty in the reigns of Jotham and Ahaz, but was reconquered by Hezekiah, 2 Kings 18:8
Zadok - Maternal grandfather of Jotham ( 2 Kings 15:33 , 2 Chronicles 27:1 )
Gideon - He gathered around him a band who slaughtered all Gideon's sons, except Jotham, upon one stone
Isaiah - Isaiah prophesied under Uzziah, receiving the divine call in the last year of that monarch's reign, Isaiah 6:1-13; and under the succeeding kings, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah
Pekah - To strengthen his kingdom which had suffered much by civil wars and foreign exactions (2 Kings 15:19-20; 2 Kings 15:25-31), and to gain spoil, he joined alliance with Rezin of Damascus against Jotham of Judah (2 Kings 15:37-38). Jotham's pious and vigorous reign (2 Chronicles 27) deferred the blow; but when the weak and worthless Ahaz succeeded Pekah attacked Jerusalem (2 Kings 16; 2 Chronicles 27)
za'Dok - ...
Father of Jerushah, the wife of King Uzziah and mother of King Jotham
Mount, Mountain - ), in the address of Jotham to the Shechemites ( Judges 9:7 ), and that of Abijah to the Ephraimites ( 2 Chronicles 13:4 )
Gerizim And Ebal - ...
Jotham proclaimed his famous kingship fable to the citizens of Shechem from Mount Gerizim (Judges 9:7 ), thus using its sacred tradition to reinforce the authority of his message
Zadok - Grandfather of Jotham, king of Judah (2 Kings 15:33 )
Judah, Kingdom of - Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser
Fig (Tree) - Jotham his son was the vine, Abimelech was the bramble. Jotham in speaking to Israel reminded them that while both he and his father really cared for the blessing and the good of the nation, Abimelech would not be a blessing, but would be to them a curse and would bring only sorrow and trouble to them
Isaiah - , and exercised the prophetical office some sixty years, under the three following monarchs, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, Isaiah 1:1 . ...
Some commentators have proposed to divide the book of Isaiah chronologically into three parts, as if composed under the three kings, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah
Fable - ...
Two fables occur in Scripture: (1) Jotham's sarcastic fable to the men of Shechem, the trees choosing their king (Judges 9:8-15). ...
The fable of Jotham (1209 B
Uzzia(h) - Thereafter, his son Jotham reigned in his stead, though Uzziah likely remained the power behind the throne (1 Samuel 26:21 )
Abimelech - Only one named Jotham escaped
Isa'Iah, Book of - Chapters 1-5 contain Isaiah's prophecies in the reigns of Uzziah and Jotham, foretelling that the present prosperity of Judah should be destroyed, and that Israel should be brought to desolation
Vine - ...
...
Judges 9:12 (b) Jotham is telling the people of Israel that they have invited a weak, helpless person to be their king, because he considered that Abimelech was an incompetent man
Micah - Micah prophesied in the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah somewhere between 756 and 697 B. ...
His earlier prophecies under Jotham and Ahaz were collected and written out as one whole under Hezekiah. The "high places" (Micah 1:5) probably allude to those in Jotham's and Ahaz' reigns (2 Kings 15:35; 2 Kings 16:4). The "horses and chariots" (Micah 5:10) accord with Jotham's time, when Uzziah's military establishments still flourished (2 Chronicles 26:11-15)
Ammon - Jotham reduced them to pay 100 talents of silver, 10,000 measures of wheat, and 10,000 of barley
Gaza - It recovered its liberty in the reigns of Jotham and Ahaz, and was reconquered by Hezekiah, 2 Kings 18:8
Isaiah, the Book of - Consists of prophecies delivered (Isaiah 1 ) in the reign of Uzziah (1-5), (2) of Jotham (6), (3) Ahaz ((7-14:28),), (4) the first half of Hezekiah's reign (14:28-35), (5) the second half of Hezekiah's reign (36-66)
Chronology of the Biblical Period - ...
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY...
Periods of History...
Critical...
Traditional...
Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)...
1700-1500...
2000...
Exodus...
1290...
1450...
Conquest...
1250...
1400...
Judges...
1200-1025...
1360-1025...
Kings...
...
...
Kings of United Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Saul...
1025-1005...
1020-1004...
David...
1005-965...
1004-965...
Solomon...
965-925...
965-931...
Kings of the Divided Kingdom...
Judah...
Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Rehoboam...
...
924-907...
931-913...
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Jeroboam...
924-903...
926-909...
Abijam (Abijah)...
...
907-906...
913-910...
Asa...
...
905-874...
910-869...
...
Nadab...
903-902...
909-908...
...
Baasha...
902-886...
908-886...
...
Elah...
886-885...
886-885...
...
Zimri...
885...
885...
...
(Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )...
885-881...
885-880...
...
Omri...
885-873...
885-874...
Jehoshaphat...
...
874-850...
873-848...
...
Ahab...
873-851...
874-853...
...
Ahaziah...
851-849...
853-852...
Jehoram (Joram)...
...
850-843...
853-841...
...
Jehoram...
849-843...
852-841...
Ahaziah...
...
843...
841...
Athaliah...
...
843-837...
841-835...
...
Jehu...
843-816...
841-814...
Joash (Jehoash)...
...
837-796...
835-796...
...
Jehoahaz...
816-800...
814-798...
Amaziah...
...
798-767...
796-767...
...
Joash (Jehoash)...
800-785...
798-782...
Uzziah (Azariah)...
...
791-740...
792-740...
...
Jeroboam II...
785-745...
793-753...
Jotham...
...
750-742...
750-732...
...
Zechariah...
745...
753-752...
...
Shallum...
745...
752...
...
Menahem...
745-736...
752-742...
Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)...
...
742-727...
735-715...
...
Pekahiah...
736-735...
742-740...
...
Pekah...
735-732...
752-732...
...
Hoshea...
732-723...
732-723...
Hezekiah...
...
727-698...
715-686...
...
Fall of Samaria ...
722 ...
723/722 ...
Manasseh...
...
697-642...
696-642...
Amon...
...
642-640...
642-640...
Josiah...
...
639-606...
640-609...
Jehoahaz II...
...
609...
609...
Jehoiakim...
...
608-598...
609-597...
Jehoiachin...
...
598-597...
597...
Zedekiah...
...
597-586...
597-586...
Fall of Jerusalem ...
...
586 ...
586 ...
BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE...
Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel...
597...
Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon...
586...
Gedaliah set over Judea...
58...
Gedaliah assassinated...
581 (?)...
Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt...
581 (?)...
Judeans deported to Babylon...
581...
Cyrus, king of Persia...
559-530...
Babylon captured...
539...
Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel...
538...
Temple restoration begun but quickly halted...
538...
Cambysses, king of Persia...
530-522...
Darius, king of Persia...
522-486...
Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple...
520-515...
Temple completed and rededicated...
515...
Xerxes, king of Persia...
486-465...
Artaxerxes I, king of Persia...
465-424...
Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law...
458...
Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls...
445...
NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
Hezekiah - When Ahaz succeeded Jotham as king of Judah, he began pro-Assyrian policies by making Judah a vassal to Assyria
Isaiah - He exercised the functions of his office during the reigns of Uzziah (or Azariah), Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah (1:1)
Shepherd - (Isaiah 38:12 ) In certain localities, moreover, towers were erected for the double purpose of spying an enemy at a distance and of protecting the flock; such towers were erected by Uzziah and Jotham, (2 Chronicles 26:10 ; 27:4 ) while their existence in earlier times is testified by the name Migdal-edar (Genesis 35:21 ) Authorized Version "a tower of Edar;" (Micah 4:8 ) Authorized Version "tower of the flock
Micah, Book of - He prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and was thus contemporary with Isaiah and Hosea
Tiglath-Pileser - Azariah had died, and after the short reign of his son Jotham, Jehoahaz or Ahaz came to the throne
Army - Jotham in Judah had a large cavalry force (Isaiah 2:7), but it was much brought down in Hezekiah's reign, so that the Jews, in violation of God's prohibition (Deuteronomy 17:16), looked to Egypt for horses and chariots (Isaiah 31:1; Isaiah 36:9; Psalms 20:7)
Parable - Of all these excellencies, there cannot be more perfect examples than the parables that have been just specified; to which we may add the well known parable of Nathan, 2 Samuel 12:1-4 , although written in prose, as well as that of Jotham, Judges 9:7-15 , which appears to be the most ancient extant, and approaches somewhat nearer to the poetical form
High Place - The Judean kings Amaziah (2 Kings 14:3-4 ), Uzziah (2 Kings 15:3-4 ), Jotham (2 Kings 15:34-35 ), Ahaz (2 Kings 16:3-4 ), and Manasseh (2 Kings 21:2-7 ) allowed the people of Judah to continue worshiping at their high places
Gad (1) - In the official record in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and Jeroboam king of Israel, Gad had extended its possessions to Salcah in Bashan (1 Chronicles 5:11; 1 Chronicles 5:16-17), E
Hosea - He prophesied in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and of Jeroboam king of Israel
Ahaz - ) Son of Jotham; ascended the throne of Judah in his 20th year (2 Kings 16:2), a transcriber's error for 25th year; as read in the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic (2 Chronicles 28:1); for otherwise Hezekiah his son would be born when Ahaz was 11 years old
Micah, Book of - He worked in the reigns of Jotham (750-732 B
Hosea - He mentions in the inscription, besides the reign of Jeroboam in Israel, the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, though his prophecies are addressed primarily to Israel and only incidentally to Judah; for all the prophets whether in Judah or Israel regarded Israel's separation from Judah, civil as well as religious, as an apostasy from God who promised the kingship of the theocracy to the line of David
Ammon, Ammonites - the Ammonites had made another attempt to get possession of Gilead, and their barbarities in warfare excited the indignation of the prophet Amos ( Amos 1:13-15 ), Chronicles represents them as beaten a little later by Jotham of Judah, and as paying tribute to Uzziah ( 2 Chronicles 26:8 ; 2 Chronicles 27:5 )
Chronicles, Books of - ...
The prosperity of Judah under Uzziah and Jotham was followed by disaster and chaos under Ahaz (25:1-28:27), but Hezekiah then sought to correct matters with wide-sweeping reforms
Judah, Kingdom of - ...
Uzziah and Jotham reigned prosperously
Genealogy - Genealogies were need in reckoning Reuben and Gad, "in the days of Jotham king of: Judah (perhaps in connection with his wars against Ammon, 2 Chronicles 27:5), and of Jeroboam king of Israel" (1 Chronicles 5:17)
Isaiah, Book of - He prophesied in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, all kings of Judah
Hosea - ...
Placement of Hosea's ministry in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah indicates that he was a contemporary of Isaiah
Jerusalem - The walls of the city were extended by Jotham and Manasseh to include this suburb and the Temple (2 Chronicles 27:3 ; 33:14 )
Isaiah - Concerning his family and descent, nothing certain has been recorded, except what he himself tells us, Isaiah 50:1 , namely, that he was the son of Amos, and discharged the prophetic office "in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah," who successively flourished between A
Chronicles, the Books of - The genealogical records of Jotham and Jeroboam probably embodied from contemporary documents the details as to the Reubenites and Gadites (1 Chronicles 5:1-22). Jotham's success against Ammon "because he prepared his ways before the Lord his God" (2 Chronicles 27)
Kings, 1 And 2 - Asa (1 Kings 15:11-14 ), Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:41-43 ), Jehoash (2 Kings 12:2-3 ), Azariah (2 Kings 15:3-4 ), and Jotham (2 Kings 15:34-35 ) were praised as having done what was right in the eyes of the Lord, but their praise is qualified with the addition that they allowed the worship of foreign gods to continue in Judah
Ammonites - They were afterward overthrown by Uzziah, king of Judah, and made tributary, 2 Chronicles 26:8 ; and rebelling in the reign of his son Jotham, they were reduced to the necessity of purchasing peace at a very dear rate
Ships And Boats - ]'>[2] ’s judgment would be directed, makes it likely that there was again a revival of naval commerce in the prosperous reigns of Jotham and Uzziah
Tombs - , eleven (David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Ahaziah, Amaziah, Jotham, Hezekiah, Josiah; also the good priest Jehoiada) were buried in one common subterranean receptacle in "the city of David
Isaiah - The prophet lived during the reigns of the Judean kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, and perhaps the first years of Manasseh
Jerusalem - ...
A second wall, built by Jotham, Hezekiah, and Manasseh, made some changes on the southern line, and inclosed a large additional space on the north
Kings, Books of - The next rank is accorded to Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoash of Judah, Amaziah, Uzziah, and Jotham, and we notice that they all effected certain reforms in the Temple
Prophet - Their utterances being continued at intervals throughout their lives (as Isaiah in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah) show that they did not earn their reputation as prophets by some one happy guess or oracle, but maintained their prophetical character continuously; which excludes the probability of imposture, time often detecting fraud
Jeru'Salem - It was built as the city enlarged in size; begun by Uzziah 140 years after the first wall was finished, continued by Jotham 50 years later, and by Prayer of Manasseh 100 years later still
Food - Passing now to the ‘food-trees’ ( Leviticus 19:23 ), we may follow the example of Jotham in his parable ( Judges 9:8 ff. ...
Next to the olive in rank, Jotham’s parable places the fig-tree, whose ‘sweetness’ and ‘good fruit’ it extols (Judges 9:11 )
Genealogies of Jesus Christ - In the second section the names are from 1 Chronicles 3:1-16, but Joash, Amaziah, and Azariah are omitted before Jotham, and Jehoiakim before Jechoniah (= Jehoiachin)
Jerusalem - Jotham "built the high gate of the house of the Lord" connecting the palace and the temple (2 Chronicles 23:20; 2 Chronicles 27:3); and built much at the wall of Ophel, the S
Fortification And Siegecraft - ), the ‘strong holds’ fortified and provisioned by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:11 ), the ‘castles and towers’ built by Jotham ( 2 Chronicles 27:4 ), and many more
Temple - near the altar (Ezekiel 8:5), the higher gate of the house of Jehovah, built by Jotham (2 Kings 15:35), the gate of the foundation (2 Chronicles 23:5), Solomon's ascent up to the house of Jehovah (1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:11; Ezekiel 43:1-12)
Judges (1) - 9), though certainly belonging to the Gideon chapters (6 8) stands on a somewhat different basis, inasmuch as Abimelech is not reckoned among the judges (see following section): Abimelech is made king of Shechem (Judges 9:1-6 ); Jotham his brother, delivers his parable from Mt Genzim, and then flees (( Judges 6:7-9 ); the quarrel between Abimelech and the Shechemites ( Judges 9:22-25 ); Gaal raises a revolt among the Shechemites ( Judges 9:26-33 ); Abimelech quells the revolt ( Judges 9:34-41 ); Shechem is captured and destroyed ( Judges 9:42-45 ); its tower burned ( Judges 9:46-49 ); Abimelech’s attack Thehez, and his death ( Judges 9:50-57 )
Jerusalem - In 2 Chronicles 26:9 ; 2 Chronicles 26:15 is the record of his fortifying the city with additional towers and ballistas; the work of strengthening the fortifications was continued by Jotham ( 2 Kings 15:35 , 2 Chronicles 27:3 )