What does Jordan River mean in the Bible?


1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jordan River
(Hebrew: Yarden, from the root Yarad, to descend)
The great river of Palestine, mentioned many times in the Bible. It issues from three sources on Mount Hermon, and after a course of 200 miles empties into the Dead Sea. It was the scene of several miracles: the passage of the Israelites under Josue (Jos., 3); the crossing, dry-shod, of Elias and Eliseus (4Kings 2); and the healing of Naaman by Eliseus (4Kings 5; Luke 4). It was also the scene of the ministrations of Saint John the Baptist and the baptism of Our Lord (Matthew 8).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jordan River
(jawr' duhn) Place name meaning, “the descender.” River forming geographical division separating eastern and western tribes of Israel. It is the longest and most important river of Palestine. It rises from the foot of Mount Hermon and flows into the Dead Sea. The Jordan Valley proper is a strip approximately 70 miles long between the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea. The valley is divided by various rivers and wadis (small streams) into a number of geographically distinguishable sections. Due to the twists and turns of its course, the full length of the river is more than two hundred miles. Its headwaters lie more than a thousand feet above sea level, and its mouth nearly thirteen hundred feet below sea level. Through its descending course the river passes through a variety of climatic zones, as well as different types of terrain. Four sources come together to form the Jordan River: Banias, el-Leddan, Hasbani, and Bareighit rivers. They all arise at the foothills of Mount Hermon. The Jordan then flows south through what can be described as three stages: (1) From the sources to Lake Huleh. The Jordan flows almost seven miles before it enters Lake Huleh. Within this distance, the river makes its way through areas of marsh consisting of reeds, bulrushes, and papyrus—the chief writing material for centuries. In this area, lions were seen in biblical times (Jeremiah 49:19 ). (2) Between Lake Huleh and the Sea of Galilee. On leaving Lake Huleh, the Jordan flows for about ten miles to the Sea of Galilee. In this short stretch, it descends to 696 feet below sea level. The river has carved a deep and winding course for itself through the center of the valley. Much of its course is characterized by rocky gorges. (3) From the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea. After leaving the Sea of Galilee the river passes through an especially fertile region. The length of this stretch is around sixty-five miles, but the river curves and twists for three times this distance. The breadth of the valley is from three to fourteen miles. The river drops 590 feet during this stretch.
Several major tributaries (e.g. Yarmuk, Jabbok), flow into the Jordan emptying almost as great an amount of water as the Jordan itself. The deltas of these streams are always fertile areas which widen the extent of land that can be cultivated in the valley. Many cities of antiquity were built close to the point of juncture of the tributaries and the main river.
The Jordan River and Jordan Valley played an important role in a number of memorable events from both the Old Testament and the New Testament. The first mention of the Jordan in the Bible occurs in the story of Abram and Lot. Lot, upon his separation from Abram, chose for himself “all the plain of Jordan” (Genesis 13:11 ). Jacob wrestled with his adversary at the ford of the Jabbok (Genesis 32:22-26 ). Under the leadership of Joshua, Israel crossed the Jordan “on dry ground” (Joshua 3:15-17 ). During the period of the judges and the early monarchy, the possession of the fords of the Jordan more than once meant the difference between defeat and victory. The Jordan was a strong line of defense, not to be easily forded. The Jordan River is also featured in the miracles of Elijah and Elisha.
The essential story of the Gospels begins at the Jordan River. It was there that John the Baptist came preaching the coming kingdom of heaven. The most important New Testament event relating to the Jordan is the baptism of Jesus, which was performed by John the Baptizer (Mark 1:9 ). The first part of Jesus' ministry was centered in and around the Sea of Galilee. The second part of His ministry followed as he pursued His course down the east side of the Jordan Valley. There He performed new miracles, and spoke to the multitudes in parables, especially those of the collection in Luke 12-18 . See Luke 12-18 ; Luke 12-18 ; Luke 12-18 .
Philip Lee

Sentence search

Zamzummim - They lived east of the Jordan River until the Ammonites drove them out (Deuteronomy 2:20 )
Naaman - Elisha advised him to immerse seven times in the Jordan River
Moab - Nation situated on the soutrhern edge of the east bank of the Jordan River, descendant of Moab, the son of Lot
Berothah - It may be located east of the Jordan River about seven miles south of Baalbeck at Bereiten
Og - King of Bashan, an Emorite nation situated on the northern edge of the eastern bank of the Jordan River
Beth-Shittah - It may be east of the Jordan River
Beth-Barah - ” A ford over the Jordan River and/or the village there if text of Judges 7:24 is correct
Ben-Geber - ” Solomon's district supervisor in the towns northeast of the Jordan River around Ramoth-gilead (1 Kings 4:13 )
Beyond the Jordan - Often used to describe the territory on the east side of the Jordan River (also referred to as the Transjordan)
Atad - ” Owner of threshing floor east of the Jordan River where Joseph stopped to mourn the death of his father before carrying Jacob's embalmed body across the Jordan to Machpelah for burial
Nebo - Mount Nebo was a prominent peak in the hilly region of Abarim on the Moabite tableland, east of the Jordan River (Numbers 33:47)
Zeboim - A valley in Benjamin between Michmash and the wilderness overlooking the Jordan River (1 Samuel 13:17-18 )
Cherith - ” A wadi or brook east of the Jordan River, the modern wadi Qilt south of Jericho
Sihon - The tribes of Reuben and Gad settled in the area formerly held by Sihon, just east of the Jordan River
Jordan - The Jordan River, which formed the boundary along the eastern side of the land of Canaan, rose in the region of Mt Hermon in the north and finished in the Dead Sea in the south
Golan - ” It was a city of refuge for people who unintentionally killed someone and was located in Bashan for the part of the tribe of Manasseh living east of the Jordan River (Deuteronomy 4:43 )
Caesarea Philippi - It was located in northern Galilee, near the source of the Jordan River (Matthew 16:13; Mark 8:27)
Hippopotamus - It is possible that the hippopotamus was also found in the Jordan River at this time, though archeological confirmation is lacking
Half Tribe - Used to designate a segment of the tribe of Manasseh which received territory on both sides of the Jordan River
Willow - A tree usually found where water is plentiful, particularly along the Jordan River
Rabbah - To the east of the Jordan River was the land of the Ammonites, whose capital city was Rabbah, or Rabbah-ammon
Hermon - It was the highest mountain of the region, and water from its snow-covered heights was a major source of the Jordan River (Jeremiah 18:14)
King's Highway - Major transportation route east of the Jordan River
Adamah - A city in Naphtali's territory (Joshua 19:36 ) near where the Jordan River joins the sea of Tiberias, perhaps modern Hagar ed-Damm
Bashan - (bay' sshan) The northernmost region of Palestine east of the Jordan River
Zaphon - City east of the Jordan River in Gad's territory (Joshua 13:27 )
Bethshan (Bethshean) - At the eastern end of the Valley of Jezreel, not far from the Jordan River, was the strategic town of Bethshan
Bethany - ...
The other Bethany (‘Bethany beyond Jordan’, sometimes called Bethabara) was in Perea, on the eastern side of the Jordan River
Hagarite - (hag' ahr ite) Name of nomadic tribe whom the tribe of Reuben defeated east of the Jordan River (1Chronicles 5:10,1 Chronicles 5:19-20 )
Ramoth-Gilead - As its name indicates, Ramoth-gilead was in the territory of Gilead, east of the Jordan River
Pisgah - ' Mountain in the Abarim range across the Jordan River from Jericho
Argob - A territory in Bashan in the hill country east of the Jordan River
Pella - (pehl' luh) City just east of the Jordan River and southeast of the Sea of Galilee
Dead Sea - It is part of a deep north-south valley that extends along the Jordan River as far as the Gulf of Aqabah (north-eastern arm of the Red Sea) to the south
Dead Sea - ...
The main source of water for the sea is the Jordan River, but other smaller rivers empty into the sea also. The Jordan River empties an average of six million tons of water every twenty-four hours into the sea
Jordan River - Four sources come together to form the Jordan River: Banias, el-Leddan, Hasbani, and Bareighit rivers. ...
The Jordan River and Jordan Valley played an important role in a number of memorable events from both the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Jordan River is also featured in the miracles of Elijah and Elisha. ...
The essential story of the Gospels begins at the Jordan River
Eliel - A clan leader in the tribe of Manasseh east of the Jordan River (1 Chronicles 5:23 )
Rabbah - Capital of Ammon that Moses apparently did not conquer (Deuteronomy 3:11 ; Joshua 13:25 ), located about twenty-three miles east of the Jordan River
Heshbon - The city of Heshbon was situated on the tableland of Moab, about twenty kilometres east of the point where the Jordan River enters the Dead Sea
Perea - Running down the eastern side of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea was a narrow strip of territory that in New Testament times was known as Perea
Michmash - ” City in Benjamin about seven miles northeast of Jerusalem, four and a half miles northeast of Gibeah, rising 1980 feet above sea level overlooking a pass going from the Jordan River to Ephraim
Arnon - The Arnon then served as the southern limit of territory Israel took east of the Jordan River (Deuteronomy 3:8 )
Jericho - To the east a small plain dropped away into the Jordan River, and to the west barren hills rose up to the central highlands. Its first mention in the Bible concerns events about 1240 BC, when the Israelites under Joshua approached Canaan from the plains of Moab, crossed the Jordan River and conquered Jericho in their first battle in Canaan (Numbers 22:1; Joshua 2; Joshua 3; Joshua 4; Joshua 5; Joshua 6)
Jabesh-Gilead - While certainty is elusive, the area in which Jabesh-gilead probably was located is east of the Jordan River about twenty miles south of the Sea of Galilee
Earthquake - The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, the stopping of the Jordan River at the time of Israel’s entrance into Canaan, and the collapse of the walls of Jericho may all have involved earthquake activity
Nebo - Mountain about twelve miles east of the mouth of the Jordan River from which Moses viewed the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 32:49 )
Gad - the land west of the Jordan River)
Galilee, Sea of - Fed chiefly by the Jordan River, which originates in the foothills of the Lebanon Mountains, the sea of Galilee is thirteen miles long north and south and eight miles wide at its greatest east-west distance
Aroer - City on north rim of Arnon Gorge east of Dead Sea on southern boundary of territory Israel claimed east of the Jordan River (Joshua 13:9 )
False Christs - 44-46) and summoned the people to the Jordan River wilderness with the promise that he would divide the Jordan like Joshua and begin a new conquest of the land; (2) various “imposters” during the term of Felix (A
Decapolis - Only Scythopolis was west of the Jordan River
Reuben - ...
When the Israelites conquered and divided Canaan in the time of Joshua, the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh settled east of the Jordan River in territory taken from the Amorites (Numbers 21:11-35; Joshua 13:8-12)
Galilee - The tribes of Naphtali, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dan occupied the territory which covered approximately the forty-five-mile stretch between the Litani River in Lebanon and the Valley of Jezreel in Israel north to south and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River west to east
Arabah - The desert area or the eastern border of the Jordan River from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea
Amorites - They preferred living in the hills and valleys that flank both sides of the Jordan River
Amorites - ...
Israel and the Amorites...
Prior to Israel’s migration from Egypt to Canaan, the Amorite king Sihon had conquered all the Ammonite and Moabite territory east of the Jordan River as far south as the Arnon River
Esdraelon - It extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River at Beth-Shean
Gilead - The Bible uses the name Gilead in a number of ways, all of them in relation to the territory that Israel occupied east of the Jordan River
Beth-Shean - ” Scythopolis was the largest city of the Decapolis (Matthew 4:25 ; Mark 5:20 ), and the only city of the league west of the Jordan River
Transjordan - Area immediately east of Jordan River settled by Reuben, Gad, half of Manasseh, Edom, Moab, and Amon. The most prominent topographical feature of Palestine is the Jordan River Valley, referred to in the Old Testament as the “Arabah” and called today, in Arabic, the Ghor
Water - ...
Many of the great acts of God in history have involved water, such as the parting of the sea (Exodus 14:21 ), the provision of water for the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 15:25 ; Exodus 17:6 ), and the crossing of the Jordan River (Joshua 3:14-17 )
Beth-Shemesh - Tabor and the Jordan River (Joshua 19:22 )
Manna - When Joshua and the children of Israel crossed the Jordan River and entered the promised land at Gilgal, they celebrated the Passover and ate the produce of the land
Hermon, Mount - Water from its melting snow flows into the rivers of the Hauran and provides the principal source for the Jordan River
Jericho - The spring, ain es-Sultan, issues some 30,000 cubit feet of water daily which falls about 160 feet in the first mile of its course down many channels to the Jordan River six miles away, irrigating about 2,500 acres
Fish, Fishing - The strong currents of the Jordan River carried many fish to the Dead Sea where they died (Ezekiel 47:7-11 )
Joshua, Theology of - It only remains for Joshua to be recognized as leader by the Israelites, something he achieves through completion of the divinely appointed tasks involved in crossing the Jordan River. This is supplemented by God's continual leadership and provision for the present generation in bringing them through the kingdoms east of the Jordan River, in enabling them to cross the Jordan, and in waging war on their behalf so that they can occupy the land. These include the memorial stones set up at Gilgal to commemorate the crossing of the Jordan River (4:19-24) with a special role for the priesthood and the ark of the covenant (chaps
Ammon - In the tableland region east of the Jordan River were the sister nations of Ammon and Moab. ...
National history...
Ammon was a well watered region to the east of the Jordan River, with a number of streams that flowed through deep gorges into the Jordan
Adam - Place name of city near Jordan River, where waters of Jordan heaped up so Israel could cross over to conquer the land (Joshua 3:16 )
Elisha - Taking up the mantle of the departed prophet, he parted the Jordan River
Desert - Three major deserts figure in biblical events: the plateau east of the mountains to the east of Jordan River; the area south of Edom, and the triangle bordered by Gaza, the Dead Sea, and the Red Sea
Tribes of Israel, the - As the tribes approached the land of Canaan and allotments were made to each tribe, the tribe of Reuben along with Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh occupied the Transjordan, that is the highland plateau region east of the Jordan River (Joshua 13:8-31 ); compare Numbers 32:1 : 1-5,33-42 ). Ephraim's territory consisted of the region just north of Dan and Benjamin and ran from the Jordan River on the east to the Mediterranean Sea on the west. The tribe of Manasseh occupied terrihytory both east and west of the Jordan River. The tribe's territory was the east side of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, including a part of the region called Gilead ( Numbers 32:34-36 ; Joshua 13:24-28 ), extending from the region of the Jabbok River in the north to the region of the Arnon River in the south
Joshua the Son of Nun - The book of Joshua records how Israel crossed the Jordan River, conquered Canaan and divided the land among its tribes (see JOSHUA, BOOK OF)
Joshua, Book of - ...
After spying out the land in order to plan the invasion intelligently (2:1-24), the Israelites crossed the Jordan River and set up camp at Gilgal
Dan (1) - source of the Jordan River, four miles W
Hasmonean - Hyrcanus substantially expanded his territorial claim to include regions east of the Jordan River, and Idumea (Edom) to the south
Abarim - Bordering the Jordan River on its eastern side was a region that in the south was commonly known as the Plains of Moab
Palestine - (pal' uhss tine) Geographical designation for land of Bible, particularly land west of Jordan River God allotted to Israel for an inheritance (Joshua 13-19 ). It therefore includes western Palestine—between the Jordan River and the Sea, and eastern Palestine—between the Jordan and the Arabian steppe. ...
The Jordan River has its source in several springs, primarily on the western and southern slopes of Mount Hermon
Dan - The abundant springs of the site provide one of the three main sources of the Jordan River
Palestine - The natural boundaries of the land were the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the Jordan River in the east, the Lebanon Range in the north and the Sinai Desert in the south
Moab - The Moabites lived in the tableland region east of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, an area of good pastures suitable for raising sheep (Numbers 22:1; 2 Kings 3:4; Isaiah 16:1-2)
John the Baptist - ...
John began his preaching in that region of Palestine where the Jordan River approached the Dead Sea (Mark 1:4-5; Luke 3:2-3; John 1:28)
Canaan - The territory stretched along the Mediterranean coast from Phoenicia (Sidon) in the north to Philistia (Gaza) in the south, and extended inland to the hills of Syria and the valley of the Jordan River (Genesis 10:15-19)
Conquest of Canaan - As God instructed him, Joshua led the people across the Jordan River into Canaan
Exaltation - Abraham and Isaac enjoyed God's spiritual and material blessing (Genesis 24:35 ; 26:13 ), and the miraculous crossing of the Jordan River served to "exalt" Joshua as a leader close to the stature of Moses (Joshua 3:7 )
Manasseh, Tribe of - Half the tribe lived in Canaan (the area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea) and the other half lived in the area east of Jordan (Joshua 22:7)
Elisha - ...
A miracle at the Jordan River quickly proved that God’s power had now passed from Elijah to Elisha (2 Kings 2:13-14)
Ephraim - This was the central highland region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea (Joshua 16)
Jabbok - To the east of the Jordan River was a high tableland region divided into two by the Jabbok River
Jesus, Life And Ministry of - (jee' zuhss) The story of Jesus begins abruptly in the Gospel of Mark when He presented Himself at the Jordan River to the desert prophet John the Baptist as a candidate for baptism. ...
Jesus and the God of Israel Even after the momentous events associated with Jesus' baptism in the Jordan River—the descent of God's Spirit on Him like a dove and the voice from heaven announcing “Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Mark 1:10-11 )—His identity as Son of God remained hidden from those around Him
Judges, Book of - Of the twelve tribes, nine and a half occupied the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea (i
Furniture - ...
Two cylinder seals from Tell es-Sa'idiyeh on the Jordan River and dated to about 750 B
John, Gospel of - After being further attacked, he went to the regions around the Jordan River, where many believed (10:31-42)
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - Jordan River A series of springs and tributaries, resulting from the rains and snows on the heights of Mount Hermon (up to 9,100 feet above sea level) at the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountains east of the Rift Valley, converge in Lake Huleh to form the headwaters of the Jordan River
Miracles - ...
Such divine activity may help to explain events such as the plagues of Egypt, the crossing of the Red Sea, the crossing of the Jordan River, the collapse of Jericho’s walls and some of the healings performed by Jesus
Land (of Israel) - ...
Gad, Reuben, and the half tribe of Manasseh settled on the east side of the Jordan River (Numbers 32:1-5 ; 34:13-15 )
Edom - At Kadesh Edom came out against Israel, on the latter marching eastward across the Arabah to reach the Jordan River through Edom, and offering to pay for provisions and water; for the rocky country there enabled them to oppose Israel
John - ...
According to Luke, John began his ministry around the Jordan River in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar (Luke 3:1-3 ), which must have been A
Transportation And Travel - Numerous streams as well as the Jordan River had to be forded by travelers (2 Samuel 19:18 ), sometimes at the expense of baggage and animals
Jews, Judaism - The northern boundary extended from the point where the Jordan River enters the Dead Sea westward (to the north of Jerusalem) along the Wadi Sorek to the Mediterranean Sea
Canaan, History And Religion of - The territory between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River reaching from the brook of Egypt to the area around Ugarit in Syria or to the Euphrates
Israel, History of - Under the leadership of Joshua, they crossed the Jordan River and entered the “Promised Land” at Jericho
Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - The miracle of the parting of the waters of the Jordan River, with the use of the mantle that had dropped from the ascending Elijah, was God's further attestation to both the validity and reality of that call of God