What does Jezreel mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
יִזְרְעֶֽאל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 7
יִזְרְעֶ֑אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 3
יִזְרְעֶֽאלָה a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 3
יִזְרְעֶ֑אלָה a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 2
בְּיִזְרְעֶֽאל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 2
בְיִזְרְעֶ֗אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 2
בְּיִזְרְעֶ֖אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 2
יִזְרְעֶאל֙ a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 2
יִזְרְעֶ֔אלָה a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
וְיִזְרְעֶ֥אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
מִֽיִּזְרְעֶ֗אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
יִזְרְעֶ֔אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
בְּיִזְרְעֶ֗אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
יִזְרְעֶ֥אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
בִיְזְרְעֶ֗אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
יִזְרְעֶ֖אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
בְּיִזְרְעֶ֔אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
מִֽיִּזְרְעֶ֑אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
לְיִזְרְעֶ֗אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
בְּיִזְרְעֶ֑אל a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1
יִזְרְעֶ֥אלָה a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah. 1

Definitions Related to Jezreel

H3157


   1 a descendant of the father or founder of Etam of Judah.
   2 first son of Hosea the prophet.
   3 a city in the Nekeb of Judah.
   4 a city in Issachar on the northwest spur of Mount Gilboa.
   Additional Information: Jezreel = “God sows”.
   

Frequency of Jezreel (original languages)

Frequency of Jezreel (English)

Dictionary

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jezreel
(Hebrew: God soweth)
A city of the tribe of Issachar. In the division of the Promised Land, Jezrael was given to the tribe of Issachar (Jos., 19). Gedeon, arriving from the south, defeated the Madianites and the Amalecites, who had encamped near Jezrael (Judges 6). Saul, conquered by the Philistines, died there (1 Kings 31). Achab established a royal residence there and coveted the vineyard of Naboth (3Kings 21). Massacres, by which Jehu signaled the accession of his house to the throne, commenced there. Returning to Jezrael, in order to surprise the king, Jehu killed with his own hand Joram, who had come out to meet him (4Kings 9). Jezabel was put to death at the very moment when Jehu was making his entrance into the city. Here Jehu sent from Samaria the bloody trophy of 70 heads of the sons of Achab (4Kings 10). With the fall of the house of Achab, the glory of Jezrael disappeared; only once more is the name mentioned, when the prophet Osee names the judgment of God, chastising and saving Israel, as the "great day of Jezrael" (Osee 1).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Ditch of
(1 Kings 21:23 ; Compare 13), the fortification surrounding the city, outside of which Naboth was executed.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel
God scatters.
A town of Issachar (Joshua 19:18 ), where the kings of Israel often resided (1 Kings 18:45 ; 21:1 ; 2 Kings 9:30 ). Here Elijah met Ahab, Jehu, and Bidkar; and here Jehu executed his dreadful commission against the house of Ahab (2 Kings 9:14-37 ; 10:1-11 ). It has been identified with the modern Zerin, on the most western point of the range of Gilboa, reaching down into the great and fertile valley of Jezreel, to which it gave its name.
A town in Judah (Joshua 15:56 ), to the south-east of Hebron. Ahinoam, one of David's wives, probably belonged to this place (1 Samuel 27:3 ).
A symbolical name given by Hosea to his oldest son (Hosea 1:4 ), in token of a great slaughter predicted by him, like that which had formerly taken place in the plain of Esdraelon (Compare Hosea 1:4,5 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Valley of
Lying on the northern side of the city, between the ridges of Gilboa and Moreh, an offshoot of Esdraelon, running east to the Jordan (Joshua 17:16 ; Judges 6:33 ; Hosea 1:5 ). It was the scene of the signal victory gained by the Israelites under Gideon over the Midianites, the Amalekites, and the "children of the east" (Judges 6:3 ). Two centuries after this the Israelites were here defeated by the Philistines, and Saul and Jonathan, with the flower of the army of Israel, fell (1 Samuel 31:1-6 ). This name was in after ages extended to the whole of the plain of Esdraelon (q.v.). It was only this plain of Jezreel and that north of Lake Huleh that were then accessible to the chariots of the Canaanites (Compare 2 Kings 9:21 ; 10:15 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Tower of
One of the turrets which guarded the entrance to the city (2 Kings 9:17 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Portion of
The field adjoining the city (2 Kings 9:10,21,36,37 ). Here Naboth was stoned to death (1 Kings 21:13 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Blood of
The murder perpetrated here by Ahab and Jehu (Hosea 1:4 ; Compare 1 Kings 18:4 ; 2 Kings 9:6-10 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Day of
The time predicted for the execution of vengeance for the deeds of blood committed there (Hosea 1:5 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel, Fountain of
Where Saul encamped before the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 29:1 ). In the valley under Zerin there are two considerable springs, one of which, perhaps that here referred to, "flows from under a sort of cavern in the wall of conglomerate rock which here forms the base of Gilboa. The water is excellent; and issuing from crevices in the rocks, it spreads out at once into a fine limpid pool forty or fifty feet in diameter, full of fish" (Robinson). This may be identical with the "well of Harod" (Judges 7:1 ; Compare 2 Samuel 23:25 ), probably the 'Ain Jalud, i.e., the "spring of Goliath."
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jezreel
(jehz' reel), meaning “God sows”, refers to a major valley, a northern city, a southern city, and the son of Hosea 1:1 . The Old Testament uses the name to refer to the entire valley of Jezreel which separates Galilee from Samaria, including the valley of Esdraelon. The valley was important militarily as a battle site for Deborah (Judges 4-5 ), Gideon (Judges 6-7 ), Saul (2 Samuel 4:1 ), Jehu (2 Kings 9-10 ), and Josiah (2 Kings 22:1 ). The geography of Palestine made Jezreel a major route for travel from north to south and from east to west. 2. The northern city of Jezreel, which guarded the corridor to Beth-shan, was the site of the royal residence of Omri and Ahab where the incident of Naboth's vineyard occurred (1 Kings 21:1 ). 3. David's wife Ahinoam was from the southern city of Jezreel which is located in the vicinity of Ziph (1 Samuel 25:43-44 ). 4 . The prophet Hosea named his son Jezreel as a symbol to indicate the evil nature of the dynasty of Jehu which began with much bloodshed in Jezreel. The name also symbolized that God will sow seeds of prosperity after the destruction (Hosea 1:4-5 ; Hosea 1:10-2:1 ). Robert Street
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jezreel
Jezreel (jĕz're-el). God hath planted. 1. A city in the plain of the same name between Gilboa and Little Hermon. It was a boundary of Issachar. Joshua 19:18. Ahab chose it for his chief residence. The selection shows the ability of this wicked king. Near by were a temple and grove of Astarte, with an establishment of 400 priests supported by Jezebel. 1 Kings 18:19; 2 Kings 10:11. The palace of Ahab, 1 Kings 21:1, probably containing his "ivory house," 1 Kings 22:39, was on the eastern side of the city. Compare 1 Kings 21:1; 2 Kings 9:25; 2 Kings 9:30; 2 Kings 9:33. Jezebel lived by the city wall, and had a high window lacing eastward. 2 Kings 9:30. It had a watch-tower, on which a sentinel stood. 2 Kings 9:17. The gateway of the city on the east was also the gateway of the palace. 2 Kings 9:34. The vineyard of Naboth was probably on the vineclad hill outside the city to the eastward. A spring near is now called ʾAin-Jalûd, or the "Spring of Goliath," and is the "fountain" or "spring" in "Jezreel." 1 Samuel 29:1. After the fall of the house of Ahab, Jezreel also fell into a decline. It is now a miserable village of a dozen houses, and known as Zerin. 2. A town in Judah, in the neighborhood of the southern Carmel. Joshua 15:56. Here David in his wanderings took Ahinoam the Jezreelitess for his second wife. 1 Samuel 27:3; 1 Samuel 30:5
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jezreel (2)
Jezreel, Valley of. A triangular plain extending from the Mediterranean to the Jordan, and from the ridge of Carmel to the mountains in Galilee. It is about 25 miles long from east to west, and 12 miles wide from north to south. There Barak and Gideon triumphed; Deborah sung her war song; Saul and Jonathan fell near by, on the mountains of Gilboa; here king Josiah was mortally wounded by the Egyptians. From the base of this triangular plain three branches stretch out eastward, divided by two bleak gray ridges, one called Mount Gilboa, the other Little Hermon. The central branch is the richest as well as the most celebrated. It is the valley of Jezreel proper; the battle-field where Gideon triumphed and Saul and Jonathan were overthrown. Judges 7:1, ff.; 1 Samuel 29:1-11; 1 Samuel 31:1-13. The plain is noted for its wonderful richness.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jezreel
JEZREEL . The Hebrew name from which is derived the name of the Plain of Esdraelon (see Esdraelon). The plain is called ‘the Valley of Jezreel’ in Joshua 17:16 , Judges 6:33 , Hosea 1:5 .
1 . Primarily, however, it denotes an Important city overlooking the Plain on the south in the border of the tribe of Issachar. Here, by ‘the fountain of Jezreel’ probably the powerful spring known as ‘Ain Jalûd the Israelites encamped against the Philistines before the battle of Gilboa ( 1 Samuel 29:1 ). It is named as an important town in the short-lived kingdom of Ishbosheth ( 2 Samuel 2:9 ). Under Solomon it was in the administrative district of Baana ( 1 Kings 4:12 ). But the chief interest of the town’s history centres in the time of the reign of Ahab, who established here a royal residence, to which he retired when the three years’ drought came to an end ( 1 Kings 21:1 ; 1 Kings 18:45 ), and whence he saw and coveted the vineyard of Naboth (21). It is probable, however, that the ‘ivory palace’ of 1 Kings 22:39 was not at Jezreel, but at the capital, Samaria. To Jezreel came Joram to recover from the wounds received in battle with the Syrians ( 2 Kings 8:29 ); and here, on the revolt of Jehu, were that king and his mother Jezebel slain (ch. 9), as well as all that remained of the house of Ahab (ch. 10). This is the last we hear of Jezreel, which thereafter seems to have sunk into insignificance. The place is represented both in situation and in name by the modern village of Zer‘in , a poor and dirty hamlet. Except a few ruined tombs and fragments of sarcophagi, there are no remains of antiquity to be seen in the neighbourhood.
2 . There was a second Jezreel, of which nothing is known save that it was in the territory of Judah ( Joshua 15:56 ) and was the native place of one of David’s wives, Abinoam ( 1 Samuel 25:43 ). 3 . A Judahite ( 1 Chronicles 4:3 ). 4 . The symbolical name of Hosea’s eldest son ( Hosea 1:4 ). 5 . Jezreel (‘whom God soweth’) is a title symbolically applied to Israel in Hosea 2:22 f.
R. A. S. Macalister.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jezreel
A city of Judah. (Joshua 15:56; Hosea 2:22) The name means, seed of God; from Zeruah, seed, and El, God. Children were called by this name. (1 Chronicles 4:3; Hosea 1:4) The Jezreel, where Ahab's palace was, lay distant from the city of Judah. (2 Kings 9:10)
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jezreel
a royal city of the kings of Israel, who sometimes resided here as well as at Samaria. Ahab, in particular, is known to have made this his residence: near to whose palace was the vineyard of the unfortunate Naboth. The name of Jezreel was by the Greeks moulded into that of Esdraela; which is described by Eusebius and Jerom, in the fourth century, as a considerable town. In like manner, the valley of Jezreel obtained the name of the valley or plain of Esdraelon; which is still described as very fertile, and much frequented by the Arabs for its fine pasturage. This is the largest, and at the same time the most fertile, plain in the land of Canaan; and is called, by way of eminence, the Great Plain. It may be estimated at thirty miles in length, and twenty in breadth. The river Kishon flows through it. See ESDRAELON .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezreel
1. A celebrated city of Issachar, Joshua 19:18 , lying westward of Bethshean, 2 Samuel 4:4 . Ahab had here a palace; and this city became famous on account of his seizure of Naboth's vineyard, 1 Kings 21:1-29 ; and the vengeance executed on Ahab, 2 Kings 9:10,14-37 10:1-11 . Jezreel was called Esdraela in the time of the Maccabees, and is now replaced by a small and ruinous Arab village, called Zerin, at the northwest point of mount Gilboa. Its elevated site gives one a fine view of the great plain of Esdraelon on the west, and the hills that border it; and towards the east it overhangs the wide and fertile "valley of Jezreel," Joshua 17:16 Judges 6:33 Hosea 1:5 , which runs down east-south-east from the great plain to the Jordan, between Gilboa and little Hermon. In this valley, below and east of Zerin, is the copious "fountain of Jezreel," near which Saul perished, 1 Samuel 29:1 31:1
2. The great plain lying between Jezreel and Acre, called from two cities on its border in one part, "the valley of Megiddo," 2 Chronicles 35:22 , and in its western part or branch the "plain or valley of Jezreel," afterwards Esdraelon. The body of this beautiful plain forms a triangle, rising gradually from the Mediterranean four hundred feet, and being about thirteen or fourteen miles long on the north side, seventeen on the east, and twenty on the south-west. The western part is level; on the east it is more undulating, and is at length broken by mount Gilboa and "little Hermon" into three valleys two or three miles wide, which sink down into the valley of the Jordan. Of these, the middle valley, described above, is the proper "valley of Jezreel." The river Kishon traverses this plain. It was formerly well watered and astonishingly fertile, but is now under the blight of tyranny and insecurity, comparatively uncultivated and deserted. The highways are unoccupied, the villages have ceased in Israel, Judges 5:6 . There are a few small hamlets, particularly on the higher grounds that border it; and the abundant crops that it yields, even with poor cultivation, show that it might again be made the granary of Syria. Across this plain, from Carmel to Jezreel, Elijah ran before the chariot of Ahab, 1 Kings 18:46 . It has been the chosen battleground of many armies. Here the hosts of Sisera were swept away, Judges 4:1-24 ; and here Josiah fell, fighting against Pharaohnecho, 2 Kings 23:29 . Battles were fought here in the later periods of the Romans, and of the Crusaders; and in our own century, near mount Tabor, fifteen hundred French under General Kleber sustained the assault of twenty-five thousand Turks for half a day, and were succored by Napoleon.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel (1)
("God has sown".) Esdraelon. Now Zerin at the foot of Mount Gilboa, ten miles S.E. of Nazareth. In Issachar: Joshua 19:18. Ahab's royal residence was on the E. of the city, and near it was the Jezreelite Naboth's vineyard; whereas Samaria (in the sense of the city) was his capital (1 Kings 18:46; 1 Kings 21:1; 1 Kings 22:10; 2 Kings 9:15). By the fountain of Jezreel Israel pitched before the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 29:1). A large fountain still flows out of a cavern in the conglomerate rock at the northern base of Mount Gilboa. Zerin commands an extensive view to the mountains E. of Jordan and along the great plain to Mount Carmel. On the N.E., the hill on which Jezreel stood, is a steep descent of rock, 100 ft. high. Strong and central, the site was admirable for a city. Jezebel's apartments were on the city wall, with a window facing E., and a watchtower for noticing arrivals from the Jordan quarter.
An old square tower still standing may occupy its site. The city's eastern gateway was the palace gateway, in front of which was the open space, usual in Eastern cities, called "the mounds," where the dogs, their scavengers, devoured Jezebel's carcass. (See JEZEBEL.) Hosea's oldest son by Gomer was named Jezreel (Hosea 1:4), to imply that as Ahab's family miserably perished there, so would their destroyer Jehu's family perish, because the latter had retained the sin which he had been elevated in order to root out. (See HOSEA.) God saith "I will avenge the blood of Jezreel (2 Kings 9; 2 Kings 10:11; 2 Kings 10:14) upon the house of Jehu," because the blood so shed by Jehu was not with a view to doing God's will, but to further his own ambition; this he proved by soon disobeying God when the retaining of the calf worship seemed to him politic.
Jezreel means both "God scatters" and "God sows." As He "scattered" them under Jehu, and finally by the Assyrian deportation, so He will "sow" them again; and so Jezreel will represent the similarly sounding Israel; "great shall be the day of Jezreel" when "Judah and Israel shall be gathered together, and appoint (unto) themselves one head, and shall come up out of the land" (of the Gentiles) where God. sowed them (Zechariah 10:9; Hosea 1:11). They shall then be the seed of God sown in their own land (Hosea 2:23; Ezekiel 36:9; Jeremiah 31:27; Jeremiah 32:41; Amos 9:15). THE VALLEY OF JEZREEL (or ESDRAELON, as it is called in Judith 3:9) stretches across the center of Palestine from the Mediterranean to the Jordan, separating Carmel and Samaria's mountain ranges from those of Galilee.
The western portion is the plain of Accho. The main body is an irregular triangle, its base stretching from Engannim to the hills below Nazareth, about 15 miles: one side formed by the Galilee hills, about 12 miles; the other 18, running on the northern side of the Samaritan range. The top of the triangle is the pass, half a mile wide, opening into Accho plain. It is the ancient Megiddo plain, the Armageddon of Revelation 16:16. (See ARMAGEDDON.) The Kishon drains it, flowing W. by Accho into the Mediterranean.
From this triangular plain's base three branches stretch E., divided by bleak Mount Gilboa and Little Hermon. (See Porter, Handbook to Syria.) Though rich and luxuriant in spring, only about a sixth of it is cultivated, and there is not an inhabited village in the main portion, chiefly owing to the insecurity from Bedouin marauders. It mainly belonged to Issachar, which, exposed to every incursion, lived in a nearly nomadic state and sought David's protection (Genesis 49:14-15 "tents," 1 Chronicles 12:32; 1 Chronicles 12:40), and formed Zebulun's frontier (Deuteronomy 33:18). It was Israel's great field of battle with invaders: Sisera, Judges 4 and 5; Midian, Judges 7; the Philistines at Gilboa, 1 Samuel 29,31; Pharaoh Necho at Megiddo, 2 Kings 23:29.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jezreel
1. Descendant of 'the father of Etam.' 1 Chronicles 4:3 . (Six Hebrew MSS, the LXX, and the Vulgate read 'sons' instead of 'father.')
2,3. Symbolical name both of the son of Hosea and of Israel. Hosea 1:4,11 . Jezreel is interpreted both 'God scatters' and 'God sows.' Hosea 1:4 refers to judgement upon the house of Jehu and the house of Israel; and Hosea 1:11 to blessing, when of both Israel and Judah it will be said, "Ye are the sons of the living God." Then "great shall be the day of Jezreel:" cf. Hosea 2:22,23 ; "I will sow her unto me in the earth." Then God will say to her, "Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God."
4. City of Judah, from whence David married Ahinoam. Joshua 15:56 ; 1 Samuel 25:43 ;
1 Samuel 29:1,11 .
5. City in Issachar, the abode of Ahab and Jezebel, and principally connected with their history. It was the scene of Jezebel's tragical end. Joshua 19:18 ; 2 Samuel 2:9 ; 2 Samuel 4:4 ; 1 Kings 18:45,46 ; 1 Kings 21:1,23 ; 2 Kings 8:29 ; 2 Kings 9:10-37 ; 2 Kings 10:1-11 . Identified with Zerin, 32 34' N, 35 19' E .
6. The extensive valley or plain in which the last-named city was situated, in southern Galilee. It has been called the battle-field of Palestine. It was where Barak triumphed, and where Josiah was defeated, Judges 5:19 ; 2 Chronicles 35:22 — Megiddo being in the same locality. It is also perhaps the place where the great battle of Armageddon will be fought. Revelation 16:16 . It is a very fertile plain, and is now well cultivated (cf. Hosea 2:22 ); Joshua 17:16 ; Judges 6:33 ; Hosea 1:5 . The name ESDRAELONis given to this valley in the Apocryphal Book of Judith 3:9 , etc. Now called Merj Ibn Amir.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jezreel
Among the important centres of northern Israel was the town of Jezreel in the tribal territory of Issachar (Joshua 19:17-18). (This town is to be distinguished from the lesser known Jezreel in the tribal territory of Judah to the south; cf. Joshua 15:56; 1 Samuel 25:43.) Jezreel of the north was situated on the edge of the Plain of Esdraelon, where the plain began to slope down into the Valley of Jezreel. This region was often a battleground in Old Testament times, and Jezreel sometimes became involved in the fighting (e.g. 1 Samuel 29:11; see PALESTINE).
When, during the time of the divided kingdom, the king of Israel established his capital in Samaria, he also built a summer palace at Jezreel. Ahab later expanded this palace by unjustly seizing the adjoining property belonging to Naboth (1 Kings 21:1-2; 1 Kings 21:16). Ahab’s wife Jezebel, their son Joram and others of the royal household were killed at Jezreel in Jehu’s bloody revolution (2 Kings 8:29; 2 Kings 9:16-37; 2 Kings 10:11; Hosea 1:4-5).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jezreel (2)
Sprung from the father, i.e. founder, of Etam (1 Chronicles 4:3). Else supply from 1 Chronicles 4:2, "these are (the families) of the father of Etam" (or Abietam, one name).(See ETAM.)

Sentence search

Jezreelite - (jehz' reel ite) A citizen of or from the home town of Jezreel. See Jezreel
Jezreel - Among the important centres of northern Israel was the town of Jezreel in the tribal territory of Issachar (Joshua 19:17-18). (This town is to be distinguished from the lesser known Jezreel in the tribal territory of Judah to the south; cf. ) Jezreel of the north was situated on the edge of the Plain of Esdraelon, where the plain began to slope down into the Valley of Jezreel. This region was often a battleground in Old Testament times, and Jezreel sometimes became involved in the fighting (e. ...
When, during the time of the divided kingdom, the king of Israel established his capital in Samaria, he also built a summer palace at Jezreel. Ahab’s wife Jezebel, their son Joram and others of the royal household were killed at Jezreel in Jehu’s bloody revolution (2 Kings 8:29; 2 Kings 9:16-37; 2 Kings 10:11; Hosea 1:4-5)
Esdraelon - (See Jezreel
Esdraelon - See Jezreel
Esdraelon, Plain of - See Jezreel
Jezreel - The Old Testament uses the name to refer to the entire valley of Jezreel which separates Galilee from Samaria, including the valley of Esdraelon. The geography of Palestine made Jezreel a major route for travel from north to south and from east to west. The northern city of Jezreel, which guarded the corridor to Beth-shan, was the site of the royal residence of Omri and Ahab where the incident of Naboth's vineyard occurred (1 Kings 21:1 ). David's wife Ahinoam was from the southern city of Jezreel which is located in the vicinity of Ziph (1 Samuel 25:43-44 ). The prophet Hosea named his son Jezreel as a symbol to indicate the evil nature of the dynasty of Jehu which began with much bloodshed in Jezreel
lo-Ammi - ) Jezreel, Lo-ruhamah ("not loved"), and Lo-ammi are the three children of the prophet Hosea's wife, Gomer, taken by God's command. "Jezreel" symbolised the coming destruction of Jehu's line, as Jehu had destroyed that of Ahab of Jezreel; also that as Jezreel means both God sows and God scatters, so God will yet sow Israel whom He now scatters (Hosea 1:4-6; Hosea 1:9-10; Hosea 1:11), "great shall be the day of Jezreel," i. "I will sow her (Jezreel, the sown one, Hosea 2:22) unto . " The three children symbolize successive generations:...
(1) Jezreel represents the dynasty of Jeroboam I, ending with Jehu's shedding the blood of the last of the line at Jezreel;...
(2) Lo-ruhamah, a daughter, represents the effeminate period which followed;...
(3) Loammi, a son, represents Jeroboam II's vigorous dynasty, which however brought no revival of religion; still Israel was not God's people really, and so should be no longer so in name but cast away
Chesulloth - Fertile places; the loins, a town of Issachar, on the slopes of some mountain between Jezreel and Shunem (Joshua 19:18 ). It has been identified with Chisloth-tabor, 2 1/2 miles to the west of Mount Tabor, and north of Jezreel; now Iksal
Esdraelon - (ehss dray' ee lahn) Greek translation of the word Jezreel, indicating the low-lying area separating the mountains of Galilee from the mountains of Samaria. Old Testament Esdraelon, also called the Great Plain of Esdraelon or the Plain of Jezreel, is the area assigned to Zebulun and Issachar (Joshua 19:10-23 ). Included are the Valley or Plain of Megiddo in the east and the Valley of Jezreel in the west. Some scholars say that the Valley of Jezreel is the name for the entire region; Esdraelon being the western portion, comprised of the Plain of Accho and the Valley of Megiddo. Whatever the entire region is called, it is assumed that references to Jezreel indicate both the town of Jezreel and the valley in which it is located; and references to Megiddo indicate both the town and the plain on which it is located. Saul and Jonathan died at the hands of the Philistines in the Valley of Jezreel (1Samuel 29:1,1 Samuel 29:11 ; 1 Samuel 31:1-7 ). Jehu killed his rivals Joram and Ahaziah at Jezreel (2 Kings 9:1 ). Naboth owned a vineyard in Jezreel. For her part, Jezebel was later murdered at Jezreel as prophesied by Elijah (1 Kings 21:23 ; 2 Kings 9:36 ). Hosea prophesied vengeance on the house of Jehu for his role in the slaughter at Jezreel (Hosea 1:4-5 )
Harod - A spring near Jezreel and mount Gilboa, Judges 7:1 ; 2 Samuel 23:25
Hadad-Rimmon - A city in the valley of Megiddo, or plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon; named from Hadad the Syrian sun god and Rimmon, another Syrian idol. Jerome calls the city Maximianopolis, from the emperor Maximian; not far from Jezreel
Jezreel - Jezreel . The plain is called ‘the Valley of Jezreel’ in Joshua 17:16 , Judges 6:33 , Hosea 1:5 . Here, by ‘the fountain of Jezreel’ probably the powerful spring known as ‘Ain Jalûd the Israelites encamped against the Philistines before the battle of Gilboa ( 1 Samuel 29:1 ). It is probable, however, that the ‘ivory palace’ of 1 Kings 22:39 was not at Jezreel, but at the capital, Samaria. To Jezreel came Joram to recover from the wounds received in battle with the Syrians ( 2 Kings 8:29 ); and here, on the revolt of Jehu, were that king and his mother Jezebel slain (ch. This is the last we hear of Jezreel, which thereafter seems to have sunk into insignificance. There was a second Jezreel, of which nothing is known save that it was in the territory of Judah ( Joshua 15:56 ) and was the native place of one of David’s wives, Abinoam ( 1 Samuel 25:43 ). Jezreel (‘whom God soweth’) is a title symbolically applied to Israel in Hosea 2:22 f
Jez're-Elitess, - a woman of Jezreel
Jezreelite, Jezreelitess - Inhabitants of Jezreel
Garden House - untranslated), the name of an unknown place S of Jezreel
Chesul'Loth - ( Joshua 19:18 ) From its position int he lists it appears to be between Jezreel and Shunem (Salam )
Gur - A whelp, a place near Ibleam where Jehu's servants overtook and mortally wounded king Ahaziah (2 Kings 9:27 ); an ascent from the plain of Jezreel
Harod - It has been very generally identified with the copious ’Ain Jalud in the Vale of Jezreel, E. The ‘fountain in Jezreel’ ( 1 Samuel 29:1 ) may have been the ‘Ain el-Meyiteh just below Zer‘in (Jezreel); but this and another neighbouring spring are of insignificant size compared with ‘Ain Jalud
Beth-Shittah - a village on a knoll, in the Jezreel valley
Ashurites - of Jordan above Jezreel and the plain of Esdraelon. of Jezreel
Shearing House - Between Jezreel and Samaria, where Jehu slew at the well or pit 42 of the royal family of Judah (2 Kings 10:12; 2 Kings 10:14). " In the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain, 15 Roman miles from Legio (Lejun): Eusebius, Onomasticon
Gilbo'a - (a bubbling spring ) a mountain range on the eastern side of the plain of Esdraelon, rising over the city of Jezreel. ( 1 Samuel 31:11 ; 2 Samuel 1:6 ; 21:12 ; 1 Chronicles 10:1,8 ) Of the identity of Gilboa with the ridge which stretches eastward from the ruins of Jezreel no doubt can be entertained
Beth-Barah - Near Jordan and the valley of Jezreel
Baana - Solomon's commissariat officer in Jezreel and the north of the Jordan valley
Anaharath - It is perhaps the modern en-Na‘urah in the Valley of Jezreel
Maralah - The site is perhaps tell Ghalta in the Jezreel Valley north of Megiddo or tell Thorah
Bethshan (Bethshean) - At the eastern end of the Valley of Jezreel, not far from the Jordan River, was the strategic town of Bethshan. (For the importance of the Valley of Jezreel see PALESTINE
Amnon - The eldest son of David, by Ahimoam of Jezreel
Jezreel - Jezreel was called Esdraela in the time of the Maccabees, and is now replaced by a small and ruinous Arab village, called Zerin, at the northwest point of mount Gilboa. Its elevated site gives one a fine view of the great plain of Esdraelon on the west, and the hills that border it; and towards the east it overhangs the wide and fertile "valley of Jezreel," Joshua 17:16 Judges 6:33 Hosea 1:5 , which runs down east-south-east from the great plain to the Jordan, between Gilboa and little Hermon. In this valley, below and east of Zerin, is the copious "fountain of Jezreel," near which Saul perished, 1 Samuel 29:1 31:1 ...
2. The great plain lying between Jezreel and Acre, called from two cities on its border in one part, "the valley of Megiddo," 2 Chronicles 35:22 , and in its western part or branch the "plain or valley of Jezreel," afterwards Esdraelon. Of these, the middle valley, described above, is the proper "valley of Jezreel. Across this plain, from Carmel to Jezreel, Elijah ran before the chariot of Ahab, 1 Kings 18:46
Gilboa - ("bubbling fountain"), namely, of Jezreel; see below. of the plain, and over the city, of Jezreel, extending ten miles from W. side, round the fount of Jezreel (Harod, Judges 7:1) at the foot of Gilboa. The fountain is still to be seen half a mile from Jezreel's ruins
ba'Ana -
The son of Ahilud, Solmon's commissariat officer in Jezreel and the north of the Jordan valley
Megiddon, Valley of - (mih' gihd' dahn) KJV term for plain of Megiddo, the broad portion of the Jezreel Valley in the vicinity of Megiddo (Zechariah 12:11 )
Kishon - This river was but small: it arose in the valley of Jezreel, and passed on to the south of mount Tabor, emptying itself the Mediterranean Sea
ba'Rak - He utterly routed the Canaanites int eh plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon)
Sarid - Spelled Sedud by some early versions, Sarid is probably modern tell Shadud at the northern edge of the Jezreel Valley about six miles northeast of Megiddo and five miles southeast of Nazareth
Endor - It is now a miserable village called Endôr, about 6½ miles from Jezreel
Ahinoam - A woman of Jezreel, wife of David and mother Amnon
Moreh, the Hill of - It is a gray ridge parallel to Gilboa on the north; and between the two lay the battle-field, the plain of Jezreel (q
Shearing-House, the - A place at which Jehu, on his way from Jezreel to Samaria, met and slew the brethren of Ahaziah, king of Judah ( 2 Kings 10:12 ; 2 Kings 10:14 )
Jezreel - (1 Chronicles 4:3; Hosea 1:4) The Jezreel, where Ahab's palace was, lay distant from the city of Judah
Jezreel (1) - of the city, and near it was the Jezreelite Naboth's vineyard; whereas Samaria (in the sense of the city) was his capital (1 Kings 18:46; 1 Kings 21:1; 1 Kings 22:10; 2 Kings 9:15). By the fountain of Jezreel Israel pitched before the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 29:1). , the hill on which Jezreel stood, is a steep descent of rock, 100 ft. ) Hosea's oldest son by Gomer was named Jezreel (Hosea 1:4), to imply that as Ahab's family miserably perished there, so would their destroyer Jehu's family perish, because the latter had retained the sin which he had been elevated in order to root out. ) God saith "I will avenge the blood of Jezreel (2 Kings 9; 2 Kings 10:11; 2 Kings 10:14) upon the house of Jehu," because the blood so shed by Jehu was not with a view to doing God's will, but to further his own ambition; this he proved by soon disobeying God when the retaining of the calf worship seemed to him politic. ...
Jezreel means both "God scatters" and "God sows. " As He "scattered" them under Jehu, and finally by the Assyrian deportation, so He will "sow" them again; and so Jezreel will represent the similarly sounding Israel; "great shall be the day of Jezreel" when "Judah and Israel shall be gathered together, and appoint (unto) themselves one head, and shall come up out of the land" (of the Gentiles) where God. THE VALLEY OF Jezreel (or ESDRAELON, as it is called in Judith 3:9) stretches across the center of Palestine from the Mediterranean to the Jordan, separating Carmel and Samaria's mountain ranges from those of Galilee
Harod - The present 'Ain Jalud ("Goliath's Fountain"), south of Jezreel and nearly opposite Shunem, is probably the fountain here referred to (7:4,5)
Harod - Judges 7:1-25; perhaps the same with the fountain of Jezreel
Jezreel (2) - Jezreel, Valley of. It is the valley of Jezreel proper; the battle-field where Gideon triumphed and Saul and Jonathan were overthrown
Gilboa - They run from Zer‘in (Jezreel) due S. They are most imposing from the Vale of Jezreel and Jordan Valley, but nowhere reach a height of more than 1700 feet above sea level
Jezreel - The name of Jezreel was by the Greeks moulded into that of Esdraela; which is described by Eusebius and Jerom, in the fourth century, as a considerable town. In like manner, the valley of Jezreel obtained the name of the valley or plain of Esdraelon; which is still described as very fertile, and much frequented by the Arabs for its fine pasturage
Shearing-House - , "house of gathering"), some place between Samaria and Jezreel, where Jehu slew "two and forty men" of the royal family of Judah
Amnon - ...
...
The eldest son of David, by Ahinoam of Jezreel (1 Chronicles 3:1 ; 2 Samuel 3:2 )
Gilboa - A mountain east of the plain of Jezreel, and where Saul and Jonathan were slain in battle, and from whence Saul went to consult the witch of Endor
Amnon - The eldest son of David, by Ahinoam of Jezreel
Naboth - an Israelite of the city of Jezreel, who lived under Ahab, king of the ten tribes, and had a fine vineyard near the king's palace. She wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with the king's seal, and sent them to the elders of Jezreel, directing them to publish a fast, to place Naboth among the chief of the people, suborn against him two sons of Belial, or two false witnesses, who might depose, that Naboth had blasphemed God and the king
Bethulia - If not a synonym for Jerusalem itself, it is an unknown site south of the plain of Jezreel
Jezreel - Jezreel (jĕz're-el). A spring near is now called ʾAin-Jalûd, or the "Spring of Goliath," and is the "fountain" or "spring" in "Jezreel. After the fall of the house of Ahab, Jezreel also fell into a decline. Here David in his wanderings took Ahinoam the Jezreelitess for his second wife
Issachar - The tribe descended from him inherited land that covered the important Plain of Esdraelon and Valley of Jezreel in northern Israel (see PALESTINE; Jezreel)
Moreh - It lay in the valley of Jezreel, on the north side
Ahinoam - ) Of Jezreel
Gilboa - of the valley of Jezreel
Bethshean - of and on the height over the Ghor or valley of the Jordan, connected with the great plain of Jezreel, Esdraelon (Joshua 17:11). ) In 1 Samuel 29:1 translate "the Israelites pitched (before the fatal battle at Gilboa), by THE fountain in Jezreel. " Close to Bethshean is the water of Ain Jalud, of which "the fountain is in Jezreel
Beth-Eked - Place where Jehu, after slaughtering all members of King Ahab's house in Jezreel, met representatives from King Ahaziah of Judah and killed them (2 Kings 10:12-14 )
Shu'Nem - This agrees with the position of the present Solam , a village three miles north of Jezreel and five from Gilboa
Dothan - It was on the south side of the plain of Jezreel, 12 miles north of Samaria; now called Tel-Dothân, five miles southwest of Jenin
Ahin'o-am - ) ...
A native of Jezreel who was married to David during his wandering life
Issachar - The tribe of Issachar had its portion in one of the best parts of the land of Canaan, along the great plain or valley of Jezreel, with the half tribe of Manasseh to the south, that of Zebulun to the north, the Mediterranean to the west, and Jordan, with the extremity of the sea of Tiberias, to the east
Naboth - An Israelite of Jezreel who owned a vineyard adjoining the palace of king Ahab
Aphek - A city of the tribe of Issachar, in the valley of Jezreel, noted in the wars with Philistines, 1 Samuel 4:1 ; 29:1
Shunem - It is three miles east of Affuleh and three and a half miles north of Jezreel
Abishag - Abishag was from Shunem, a city guarding the Jezreel Valley
Ahinoam - David's wife a woman of Jezreel: she accompanied David in his flight from Saul; and, while residing at Ziklag, was taken captive when the city was burned by the Amalekites; but was recovered
Endor - It is identified with the modern village of Endur, "a dirty hamlet of some twenty houses, or rather huts, most of them falling to ruin," on the northern slope of Little Hermon, about 7 miles from Jezreel
Ephraim, Mount - The central mountainous district of Palestine occupied by the tribe of Ephraim (Joshua 17:15 ; 19:50 ; 20:7 ), extending from Bethel to the plain of Jezreel
Gilboa - It was a low barren range of mountains bounding the valley of Esdraelon (Jezreel) on the east, between it and the Jordan valley
Kishon - ” A small river which flows from east to west through the Valley of Jezreel
Ford - ‘Abarah ), at the junction of the Jalud (which drains the Jezreel valley) and the Jordan
Gilboa - The valley northeast of Gilboa is the proper Jezreel; that on the southwest side separates Gilboa from the hills of Samaria
Ahinoam - Wife of David from Jezreel (1 Samuel 25:43 ) who lived with him under the Philistines at Gath (1 Samuel 27:3 )
Shunem - of Jezreel, five from Gilboa (Fukua), in view of the sacred site on Mount Carmel, amidst rich grainfields
Naboth - An Israelite at Jezreel, who declined selling his ancestral vineyard to Ahab, Leviticus 25:23,24 ; and was in consequence murdered, on a false charge of blasphemy contrived by Jezebel the queen
je'hu - (2 Kings 9:12 ) The army at once ordained him king, and he set off full speed for Jezreel. Jehoram, who was lying ill in Jezreel, came out to meet him, as it happened on the fatal field of Naboth. (2 Kings 9:24 ) Jehu himself advanced to the gates of Jezreel and fulfilled the divine warning on Jezebel as already on Jehoram. All the descendants of Ahab that remained in Jezreel, together with the officers of the court and the hierarchy of Eastward, were swept away
Barak - The battle was fought (Judges 4:16 ) in the plain of Jezreel (q
Dothan - It is identified with the modern Tell-Dothan, on the south side of the plain of Jezreel, about 12 miles north of Samaria, among the hills of Gilboa
Ephraim, Forest of - Joshua 17:14-18 predicts Ephraim's expansion north into the wooded Jezreel valley and the vicinity of Beth Shan, both within Issachar's territory
Fountain - ]'>[1] here ‘springs’), Nephtoah ( Joshua 15:9 ), and Jezreel ( 1 Samuel 29:1 )
Kishon River - Fed from sources along the whole plain of Jezreel as far S. through the Jezreel (Esdraelon) plain to the bay of Acca and the Mediterranean. Conder identifies "the waters of Megiddo" with the springs which flow from the mound of Mujedda ruin, and the countless streams in the valley of Jezreel (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, October, 1877, p
Esdra-e'Lon - This name is merely the Greek form of the Hebrew word Jezreel. This is the "valley of Jezreel" proper --the battle-field on which Gideon triumphed, and Saul and Jonathan were overthrown
Harod - It is about two miles east southeast of Jezreel
Ibleam - of Samaria, more than half-way to Jezreel
Naboth - ” Owner of a vineyard in the Jezreel Valley adjacent to the country palace of King Ahab, who desired the property for a vegetable garden
Naboth - ” Owner of a vineyard in the Jezreel Valley adjacent to the country palace of King Ahab, who desired the property for a vegetable garden
Esdraelon - The Greek form of the Hebrew "Jezreel," the name of the great plain (called by the natives Merj Ibn Amer; i. From the foot of Mount Tabor it branches out into three valleys, that on the north passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judges 4:14 ); that on the south between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim (2 Kings 9:27 ); while the central portion, the "valley of Jezreel" proper, runs into the Jordan valley (which is about 1,000 feet lower than Esdraelon) by Bethshean
Jehu - Haying been proclaimed king in the presence of the whole army, he proceeded towards Jezreel, and executed the predicted judgments upon the house of Ahab. Jehu then entered Jezreel, and had Jezebel thrown out of the window of the palace, and her body was trodden under foot, fulfilling another prophecy
Jezebel - Elijah was soon on the spot to tell Ahab his doom, and of his wife he said, "The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel. He killed Joram and wounded the king of Judah, then as he rode into Jezreel, Jezebel, with painted face and head attired, looked from a window and taunted him with "Had Zimri peace who slew his master?" But on Jehu asking who was on his side, the eunuchs looked out, and at his request they threw her down to the ground
en-Gannim - It is identified with the modern Jenin, a large and prosperous town of about 4,000 inhabitants, situated 15 miles south of Mount Tabor, through which the road from Jezreel to Samaria and Jerusalem passes
Issachar - The city of Jezreel, which was an Israelite royal residence, was located in the territory of Issachar
Mount, Mountain - Mount Ephraim does not refer to any particular mountain; but to the range of hills, or hill country in Ephraim, extending from Bethel to the plains of Jezreel
Jezreel, Valley of - It was only this plain of Jezreel and that north of Lake Huleh that were then accessible to the chariots of the Canaanites (Compare 2 Kings 9:21 ; 10:15 )
Aphik - ...
...
A city of the tribe of Issachar, near to Jezreel (1 Samuel 4:1 ; 29:1 ; comp 28:4)
Naboth - A man of Jezreel, owner of a vineyard adjoining the palace of Ahab ( 1 Kings 21:1 )
Moreh, - Taking the narrative as it stands, the Midianites ‘pitched in the valley of Jezreel’ ( Judges 6:33 ), while Gideon held the lower spurs of Gilboa towards Jezreel
Jezreel - Jezreel is interpreted both 'God scatters' and 'God sows. " Then "great shall be the day of Jezreel:" cf
Naboth - ) Septuagint (1 Kings 21:1) omit "which was in Jezreel," and read instead of "the palace" "the threshing floor of Ahab king of Samaria
Moreh - On the northern side of the valley of Jezreel, and of the height where Gideon's 300 were; jebel ed Duhy, "little Hermon," answers to Moreh
Tabor - A mountain in the valley of Jezreel
Vale - Emek, signifying a "deep" broad valley, as the valley of Achor, Aijalon, Elan, Jezreel, Succoth, etc
Valley - Emek, signifying a "deep" broad valley, as the valley of Achor, Aijalon, Elan, Jezreel, Succoth, etc
Jezreel - It has been identified with the modern Zerin, on the most western point of the range of Gilboa, reaching down into the great and fertile valley of Jezreel, to which it gave its name
Shunem - Two resting-places, a little village in the tribe of Issachar, to the north of Jezreel and south of Mount Gilboa (Joshua 19:18 ), where the Philistines encamped when they came against Saul (1 Samuel 28:4 ), and where Elisha was hospitably entertained by a rich woman of the place
Aphek - 1 , and make the Philistines advance upon Jezreel from the S
Megiddo, Megiddon - The valley is otherwise known as 'the valley of Jezreel
Windows - The account we have, 2 Kings 9:30 , of Jezebel's painting her face, tiring her head, and looking out at a window upon Jehu's public entry into Jezreel, gives us a lively idea of an eastern lady at one of those solemnities
Hermon - ...
The "little Hermon" of modern travellers, not mentioned in Scripture, is a shapeless mass of hills north of the smaller valley of Jezreel
Jehu - During the progress of a war against the Syrians, who were becoming more and more troublesome to Israel, in a battle at Ramoth-gilead Jehoram, the king of Israel, had been wounded; and leaving his army there, had returned to Jezreel, whither his ally, Ahaziah, king of Judah, had also gone on a visit of sympathy with him (2 Kings 8:28,29 ). He then with a chosen band set forth with all speed to Jezreel, where, with his own hand, he slew Jehoram, shooting him through the heart with an arrow (9:24). Jehu was now master of Jezreel, whence he communicated with the persons in authority in Samaria the capital, commanding them to appear before him on the morrow with the heads of all the royal princes of Samaria
Jehu - Jezebel shall be eaten by the dogs in the fields of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her," 2 Kings 9:1-10 . " Joram, who at that time reigned over the kingdom of Israel, was then at Jezreel in a state of indisposition, having been wounded at the siege of Ramoth-Gilead. Jehu, intending to surprise him, immediately gave orders that no one should be permitted to depart out of the city of Ramoth, and himself set off for Jezreel. Finding that neither of them returned, Joram himself, accompanied by Ahaziah, king of Judah, proceeded in his chariot toward Jehu, whom they met in the field of Naboth the Jezreelite. Jehu then gave orders that his body should be cast out into the field of Naboth the Jezreelite, thus fulfilling the prediction of the Prophet Elijah, 2 Kings 9:11-26 . ...
Jehu next proceeded to Jezreel, where Jezebel herself at that time resided. Jehu also caused to be put to death all Ahab's relatives and friends, the officers of his court, and the priests whom he had entertained at Jezreel, 2 Kings 10:1-11 . After this, Jehu proceeded to Samaria, and on his way thither met the friends of Ahaziah king of Judah, who were going to Jezreel to salute the children of Ahab's family, with the death of whom they were as yet unacquainted
Jokmeam - Its location was probably tell Qaimun about eighteen miles south of Haifa on the northwestern corner of the Jezreel Valley
Beth-Shean, Beth-Shan - , Judges 1:27 ), is marked by the great mound and village of Beisân , in the throat of the Vale of Jezreel, where it opens into the Ghôr
Aphek - A place near Jezreel, in Issachar, where the Philistines were, before defeating Saul, 1 Samuel 29:1, and cannot be identified with No
mo'Reh - (Judges 7:1 ) It lay in the valley of Jezreel, rather on the north side of the valley, and north also of the eminence on which Gideon's little band of heroes was clustered
Issachar - It included the plain of Esdraelon (=Jezreel), which was and still is the richest portion of Palestine (Deuteronomy 33:18,19 ; 1 Chronicles 12:40 )
Vale - of Gerizim, and between Gerizim and Ebal, and between Gilboa and Little Hermon the undulating and English like valley of Jezreel. Emequ, always rendered "valley," a long broad sweep between parallel ranges of hills, such as the valley of Jezreel
Aphek - The place of the Philistines' encampment before the Israelites' defeat in which Eli's sons were killed and the ark was taken (1 Samuel 4); also before the battle in which Saul was slain (1 Samuel 29); on the Philistines' high road to Jezreel
Beth-Shean, or Beth-Shan - More generally known by the name of Scythopolis, was situated two miles west of the Jordan, at the extremity of the valley of Jezreel, and arm of the great plain of Esdraelon, running down from it to the valley of the Jordan in a southeasterly direction
Ahaziah - Joram, king of Israel, 2 Kings 7, going to attack Ramoth Gilead, which the kings of Syria had taken from his predecessors, was there dangerously wounded, and carried by his own appointment to Jezreel, for the purpose of surgical assistance. Ahaziah, Joram's friend and relation, accompanied him in this war, and came afterward to visit him at Jezreel
Etam - Member of tribe of Judah and apparently clan father of town of same name associated with Jezreel (1 Chronicles 4:3 )
Ahaziah - All that we know of him is that he continued the league with Israel, and that, going to visit his uncle Jehoram in Jezreel, he was involved in his fate at the revolt of Jehu ( 2 Kings 9:27 )
Mount Tabor - The name, in Hebrew, signifies a rising; and as it was centered in the midst of a wide country, it hath been called the Navel of Jezreel, similar to the holy land being called the midst of the earth, as the margin of the Bible renders it, the Navel of the earth
Gil'e-ad - ...
Possibly the name of a mountain west of the Jordan, near Jezreel
Jehu - The latter had gone to Jezreel on account of wounds he had received. Hosea saw that the blood of Jezreel rested upon the house of Jehu, and that it would be avenged (Hosea 1:4 )
Jehoram - ...
Jehoram was wounded in a battle with the Syrians at Ramah, and obliged to return to Jezreel (2 Kings 8:29 ; 9:14,15 ), and soon after the army proclaimed their leader Jehu king of Israel, and revolted from their allegiance to Jehoram (2 Kings 9 ). Jehoram was pierced by an arrow from Jehu's bow on the piece of ground at Jezreel which Ahab had taken from Naboth, and there he died (2 Kings 9:21-29 )
Joram, Jehoram - There Joram was wounded, and he returned to Jezreel to be healed, leaving his army at Ramoth-gilead. Jehu being proclaimed king, he hastily drove to Jezreel to fulfil his mission and Joram, as he fled before Jehu, was killed by an arrow
Jehu - However, he did not hesitate to leave the battle and head west for Jezreel, where the Israelite king Jehoram (or Joram) was recovering from wounds received in battle (2 Kings 8:28-29; 2 Kings 9:1-2; 2 Kings 9:14; 2 Kings 9:16). ...
Joram’s mother Jezebel was with him at Jezreel; so was Judah’s king Ahaziah, who was a grandson of Ahab and Jezebel and a nephew of Joram
Jezebel - Jehu assassinated Joram and then went to Jezreel after Jezebel
Dothan - It controlled all traffic going between the hills and the Jezreel Valley
Hill, Hill-Country - It is especially the description of the central mountainous tract of Palestine reaching from the plain of Jezreel on the N
Plains - Emek the valley of Jezreel (Esdraelon), the eastern part, Megiddo the western part, of the one plain
na'Both - (fruits ), the victim of Ahab and Jezebel, was the owner of a small vineyard at Jezreel, close to the royal palace of Shab
Megiddo - edge of the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain, the frontier of Issachar and Manasseh, commanding a pass from the N. "The waters of Megiddo" are the abundant springs which flow into the nahr Jalud, from what is now the Mujedda ruin in the Jordan valley ("the grazing place," "cut down by sheep") at the foot of Mount Gilboa, Thus, "the valley of Megiddo" is that which leads down from Jezreel to Bethshean
Shunem - It is on the north of the Valley of Jezreel, and opposite to Gilboa, where Saul was encamped; the situation suits the scene of the battle well
Issachar - The tribe possessed some of the most productive portions of the land, including the extensive plain of Jezreel, with the Jordan on its border for about 50 miles
Valley - ...
...
'Emek, "deep;" "a long, low plain" (Job 39:10,21 ; Psalm 65:13 ; Song of Solomon 2:1 ), such as the plain of Esdraelon; the "valley of giants" (Joshua 15:8 ), usually translated "valley of Rephaim" (2 Samuel 5:18 ); of Elah (1 Samuel 17:2 ), of Berachah (2 Chronicles 20:26 ); the king's "dale" (Genesis 14:17 ); of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:2,12 ), of Achor (Joshua 7:24 ; Isaiah 65:10 ), Succoth (Psalm 60:6 ), Ajalon (Joshua 10:12 ), Jezreel (Hosea 1:5 )
Megiddo - Megiddo has been identified with the modern el-Lejjun, at the head of the Kishon, under the north-eastern brow of Carmel, on the south-western edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and 9 miles west of Jezreel
Yale, Valley - emeq, 'valley or plain,' more resembles an English 'valley': it is applied to Achor, Ajalon, Baca, Berachah, Beth-aram, 'of decision' ( Joel 3:14 ); Elah; 'of the giants' (Joshua 15:8 ; Joshua 18:16 ); Gibeon, Hebron, Jehoshaphat, Jezreel, Keziz, 'of the King,' or 'the King's Dale' (Genesis 14:17 ; 2 Samuel 18:18 ); Rephaim, Shaveh, Siddim, and Succoth
Zaretan - passage) just above where the Julud river, flowing down the valley of Jezreel and by Beisan (Bethshean) debouches into the Jordan; here only the name is found, and nowhere else
Ephraim - A name applied to the hill-country of Ephraim, extending from Bethel to the plain of Jezreel; called also the "mountains of Israel," R
Joram or Jehoram - His body was thrown into the field of Naboth at Jezreel, and with him perished the race of Ahab, 1 Kings 21
Jehoram - When wounded in battle with Syria, Joram returned to his summer palace in Jezreel to recover
Jehu - ...
Jehu lost no time in fulfilling his mission; entering his chariot, he proceeded with some followers in haste to Jezreel, whither king Jehoram, being wounded, had gone to be healed. His body was thrown into the field of Naboth the Jezreelite, which Ahab had gained by murder: cf. ...
As Jehu entered Jezreel, Jezebel taunted him; but she was thrown down from the window and her body was consumed by dogs, according to the word of the Lord
Jeho'Ram - Jehoram was wounded in battle, and obliged to return to Jezreel to be healed of his wounds. and hastily marching to Jezreel, surprised Jehoram, wounded and defenseless as he was. Jehoram, going out to meet him, fell pierced by an arrow from Jehu's bow on the very plot of ground which Ahab had wrested from Naboth the Jezreelite; thus fulfilling to the letter the prophecy of Elijah
Carmel - from the more inland plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel on the N. The distance from Jezreel agrees with the narrative. They and the 850 prophets of Baal stood close beneath the high place of the altar, near the spring, in full view of Jezreel and Ahab's palace and Jezebel's temple in the distance
Deborah - ...
As a prophet, Deborah summoned Barak and delivered an oracle giving him God's instructions for a battle in the Jezreel Valley against the Canaanite army commanded by Sisera (Judges 4:6-9 ; compare Samuel in 1 Samuel 15:2-3 and the unnamed prophet in 1 Kings 20:13-15 )
Naboth - Fruits, "the Jezreelite," was the owner of a portion of ground on the eastern slope of the hill of Jezreel (2 Kings 9:25,26 )
Galilee - The tribes of Naphtali, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dan occupied the territory which covered approximately the forty-five-mile stretch between the Litani River in Lebanon and the Valley of Jezreel in Israel north to south and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River west to east
Armageddon - Armageddon, or the Mount of Megiddo, is located in the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel, a valley fourteen by twenty miles in size
Galilee - It included the whole region from the plain of Jezreel to the Litany (Leontes) river, being about 50 miles long by 20 to 25 miles wide
Ahazi'ah - The revolution carried out in Israel by Jehu under the guidance of Elisha broke out while Ahaziah was visiting his uncle at Jezreel
Esdraelon - PLAIN OF, in the tribe of Issachar, extends east and west from Scythopolis to Mount Carmel; called, likewise, the Great Plain, the Valley of Jezreel, the Plain of Esdrela
Issachar - ...
From it flowed "the waters of Megiddo" in the valley of Jezreel. 5:1, section 22); it consisted of the very rich plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon. Jezreel (whose name = "the seed plot of God" implies fertility) stood in the center, with Mount Gilboa on one hand and Little Hermon (Ed Duhy) on the other (Joshua 19:17-23). of the plain of Jezreel, where it was met by Zebulun (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, January, 1877, p
a'Hab - Desiring to add to his pleasure-grounds at Jezreel the vineyard of his neighbor Naboth, he proposed to buy it or give land in exchange for it; and when this was refused by Naboth in accordance with the Levitical law, (Leviticus 25:23 ) a false accusation of blasphemy was brought against him, and he was murdered, and Ahab took possession of the coveted fields
Midian - But at length their armies, "like grasshoppers for multitude, with camels out of number as sand by the sea side for multitude," which had encamped in the valley of Jezreel, were miraculously defeated by Gideon, Judges 6-8
Forest - "The wood of Ephraim" clothed the sides of the hills which descend to the plain of Jezreel and the plain itself near Bethshah (Joshua 17:15-18), and extended once to Tabor which still has many forest trees
Ahaziah - Joram was wounded and went to Jezreel to be healed
Ahab - He built cities, and erected an ivory palace, 1 Kings 22:39, the walls being probably inlaid with ivory, and had pleasure grounds by his house in Jezreel, which he wished to enlarge by the addition of a vineyard belonging to Naboth
Hosea - But the name Jezreel ( Hosea 1:4 ) certainly does not suggest that at the birth of his firstborn he was already aware of his wife’s unfaithfulness, the name of the second, Lo-ruhamah (‘Not pitied,’ Hosea 1:6 ), does not prove it, and even that of the third child, Lo-ammi (‘Not my kinsman,’ Hosea 1:9 ), may merely carry further the judgment on the nation expressed unquestionably in the first and probably in the second. In any case we may somewhat safely infer that Hosea became a prophet before he had learned his wife’s unfaithfulness, and that in his earnest preaching he, like Amos, denounced inhumanity as offensive to God; for this is the purpose of the name Jezreel ; the house of Jehu, established by means of bloodshed and inhumanity ( Hosea 1:4 ), is about to be punished. At the same time, it is important not to exaggerate the difference between Amos and Hosea, of to lose sight of the fact that Hosea not less than Amos or Isaiah or Micah insisted on the worthlessness of religion or of devotion to Jahweh which was not ethical ( Jezreel , Hosea 1:4 ; Hosea 6:6 )
Barak - ...
This little army, aided by a providential storm in the enemy's face (according to Josephus), rushed down the hill of their encampment, Tabor, and routed Jabin's 900 iron chariots and unwieldy host in the plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon), "the battlefield of Palestine
Galilee - " In the time of our Lord, Galilee embraced more than one-third of Western Palestine, extending "from Dan on the north, at the base of Mount Hermon, to the ridges of Carmel and Gilboa on the south, and from the Jordan valley on the east away across the splendid plains of Jezreel and Acre to the shores of the Mediterranean on the west
Blood - I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu
Lattice - But the latticed window, or balcony, formed the only opening for communication (except the entrance) with the public street, It was at this lattice-work window, most probably, that Jezebel looked out at the time that Jehu entered into Jezreel
Gideon - they spread themselves from the plain of Jezreel to the sea coast of Gaza. Midian pitched in the valley of Jezreel (Judges 6:33). 182) observes that the nomadic hordes of Midian, like the modern Beni Suggar and Ghazawiyeh Arabs, come up the broad and fertile valley of Jezreel; their encampment lay, as the black Arab tents do now in spring, at the foot of the hill March (Nebi Dahy) opposite to the limestone knoll on which Jezreel (Zer'ain) stands
Beth-Shean - ” Beth-shean stood at the crossroad of the Jezreel and Jordan Valleys, commanding the routes north-south along the Jordan and east-west from Gilead to the Mediterranean Sea
Issachar - ]'>[8] ’s lot ( Joshua 19:17-23 ) assigns to the tribe sixteen cities and their villages, scattered throughout the eastern end of the rich Plain of Esdraelon and the Valley of Jezreel
Samaria - Thenceforth it was the metropolis of the northern kingdom, the rival of Jerusalem, and generally the residence of the Israelitish monarchs, 1 Kings 16:29; 1 Kings 20:43; 2 Kings 1:2, though they had also a palace at Jezreel
Sow - ”...
An Old Testament name, Jezreel, has been connected with this root. Jezreel (“God sows”) refers both to a city and valley near Mt
Athaliah - As queenmother she was determined to keep the regal power which she exercised during Ahaziah's absence in Jezreel (2 Kings 9:16)
Galilee (2) - It consists of (1) the triangular plain about 200 feet above sea-level, 29 miles long from the foot of Carmel to Jenîn, 15 from Jenîn to Tabor, and 15 from Tabor to the foot of Carmel; (2) the valley of Jezreel (Nahr Jalûd), running down for 12 miles from Jezreel to Bethshean, some 400 feet below sea-level. by the Plains of Esdraelon and Jezreel, on the E. From it one road passed through Bethshean, the Valley of Jezreel, and the Plain of Esdraelon, to the coast of the Mediterranean, and so on to Egypt; another by Cana and Sepphoris to Ptolemais
Elisha - We next read of his predicting a fall of rain when the army of Jehoram was faint from thirst (2 Kings 3:9-20 ); of the multiplying of the poor widow's cruse of oil (4:1-7); the miracle of restoring to life the son of the woman of Shunem (4:18-37); the multiplication of the twenty loaves of new barley into a sufficient supply for an hundred men (4:42-44); of the cure of Naaman the Syrian of his leprosy (5:1-27); of the punishment of Gehazi for his falsehood and his covetousness; of the recovery of the axe lost in the waters of the Jordan (6:1-7); of the miracle at Dothan, half-way on the road between Samaria and Jezreel; of the siege of Samaria by the king of Syria, and of the terrible sufferings of the people in connection with it, and Elisha's prophecy as to the relief that would come (2 Kings 6:24-7:2 )
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - "Armageddon" in Revelation 16:16 corresponds: from har "a mountain", and Megiddo "the valley of Jezreel", the great battle field of Canaan, where godly Josiah fell before Pharaoh Necho
Vinyard - 14:5), Jezreel (1 Kings 21:1), the hill country of Samaria ( Gal'Ilee - The southern border ran along the base of Carmel and of the hills of Samaria to Mount Gilboa, and then descended the valley of Jezreel by Scythopolis to the Jordan
Bethel - Under Ahab the Baal worship at Samaria and Jezreel drew off attention from the calf worship at Bethel
Ahaziah - Jehoram was wounded, and Ahaziah went to see him at Jezreel
Ahab - Ahab was pre-eminent for luxurious tastes; his elaborately ornamented ivory palace (1 Kings 22:39; Amos 3:15), the many cities he built or restored, as Jericho (then belonging to Israel, not Judah) in defiance of Joshua's curse (1 Kings 16:34), his palace and park at Jezreel (now Zerin), in the plain of Esdraelon, his beautiful residence while Samaria was the capital, all show his magnificence. ...
The Assyrian Black Obelisk mentions "Ahab of Jezreel," his ordinary residence, and that he furnished the confederacy, including Benhadad, against, Assyria 10,000 footmen and 2000 chariots, and that they were defeated
Nazareth - , and villages on every side; Cana, Nain, Endor, Jezreel (Zerin), etc
Rain - "And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; and the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel. " (Hosea 2:21-23) It is in vain for the men of Jezreel to expect the corn, and oil, and fruits of the earth, if the Lord restrain the clouds of heaven and the rain, that they withhold their fatness
Elijah - Elijah outran his chariot and the storm to arrive at Jezreel
Israel, Kingdom of - (1 Kings 16:24 ) Jezreel was probably only a royal residence of some of the Israelitish kings
Deborah - ...
With but 10,000 in his train ("at his feet"), by the Lord's interposition, descending from Mount Tabor, he defeated Sisera's mighty host and 900 chariots who were in the famous battlefield of Jezreel or Esdraelon, in the valley of Kishon
Ebal - The conquest of the heart of the country by Joshua, mount Ephraim, Esdraelon or the Jezreel valley, is not detailed; but the narrative passes from his conquest of the S
Tabor - It has its name from its eminence, because it rises up in the midst of a wide champaign country, called the Valley of Jezreel, or the great plain
Elijah - Naboth owns a vineyard in the vicinity of Jezreel. By the ramparts of Jezreel itself, the dogs will devour the body of Jezebel ( 1 Kings 21:23 )
Devote, Devoted - In fact Hosea prophesied the fall of the house of Jehu for his wholesale shedding of blood in the Valley of Jezreel (1:4)
Jehoram - Jehoram was wounded, and returned to Jezreel to be healed. But Jehu, with characteristic haste, immediately after Elisha had anointed him, set out for Jezreel and with an arrow slew Jehoram and threw his body on the very plot of ground which by falsehood and murder Ahab had dispossessed Naboth of, fulfilling Elijah's prophecy (1 Kings 21:19; 1 Kings 21:22)
Damascus - Both major international highways ran through Damascus the Via Maris from Mesopotamia in the east through Damascus and the Jezreel Valley to the Plain of Sharon and the Mediterranean coast, then south to Egypt; and the King's Highway from Damascus south through Ashtaroth, Rabbath-ammon, and Bozrah to Elath on the Red Sea and to Arabia
Saul - The Philistines had gathered together at Aphek, while Saul held the fateful plains of Megiddo at Jezreel
Manasseh (1) - of the Jezreel plain (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, January, 1877, p
Hosea - He took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, who bore him a son, who, by the Lord's direction, was called Jezreel
Philistines - Saul did not permanently check their progress, however, as by the end of his reign the whole of the rich plain of Jezreel was in their possession, including the city of Bethshean at its eastern end ( 1 Samuel 31:10 )
Elijah - Ahab rides in his chariot across the plain 16 miles to Jezreel, in haste lest the rainflood of the Kishon should make the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain impassable with mud; Elijah, with Spirit-imparted strength from "the hand of the Lord upon" him, running before, but no further than the entrance of the city, for he shrank from the contamination of the court and its luxuries. ...
After the excitement of the victory over the Baal priests, and the nervous tension which under God's mighty hand sustained him in running to Jezreel, there ensued a reaction physically and an overwhelming depression of mind; for the hope which had seemed so bright at Carmel, of a national repentance and return to God, the one ruling desire of his soul, was apparently blighted; his labors seemed lost; the throne of iniquity unshaken; and hope deferred made his heart sick. Puffed up with the success of his war with Syria, and forgetting the Lord who had given him victory (1 Kings 20), Ahab by Jezebel's wicked hardihood, after vainly trying to get from Naboth the inheritance of his fathers, had him and his sons (2 Kings 9:26, compare Joshua 7:24) slain for falsely alleged blasphemy, and seized his property as that of a criminal forfeited to the crown; the elders of Jezreel lending themselves to be Jezebel's ready instruments
Transportation And Travel - ...
Where valleys, such as the Jezreel, had to be traversed, roads generally followed the higher ground along the base of the hills so as to bypass marshy areas and stay away from the raging torrents which sometimes filled stream beds in the rainy season. Megiddo, which commanded the western entrance into the Jezreel Valley, controlled the traffic along the Via Maris as it moved inland and then north to Damascus
Hosea - He specifies Ephraim, Mizpah, Tabor, Gilgal, Bethel or Bethaven, Jezreel, Gibeah, Ramah, Gilead, Shechem, Lebanon, Arbela
Galilee - ...
The southern border ran along the base of Carmel and the Samaritan hills to mount Gilboa, then along the valley of Jezreel by Scythopolis (Bethshean) to Jordan
David - He also married Ahinoam of Jezreel, but Saul gave Michal, David's first wife, to another man (1 Samuel 25:1 )
Justification - The names of his three children, Jezreel (God scatters), Lo-Ruhamah (not pitied), and Lo-Ammi (not my people) show the extent of the rebellion
Samaria - toward Jordan, forming the southern boundary of the plain Esdraelon (Jezreel); including Ephraim and the Manasseh W
Zedekiah - 8:15, section 3) that Zedekiah denounced Micaiah as contradicting Elijah, who foretold that dogs should lick up Ahab's blood in the vineyard of Naboth of Jezreel; and defied Micaiah to wither the hand with which he smote his cheek, as the prophet from Judah had done to Jeroboam
Elijah - Upon this he told Ahab that there was a sound of abundance of rain, while he himself retired to the top of Carmel to note the first indications of the approaching blessing; and then, still in the power of God, he ran before Ahab's chariot to the entrance of Jezreel
Elijah - Upon this he told Ahab that there was a sound of abundance of rain, while he himself retired to the top of Carmel to note the first indications of the approaching blessing; and then, still in the power of God, he ran before Ahab's chariot to the entrance of Jezreel
Canaan - ; the plain of Sharon and seashore between Jaffa and Carmel; that of Esdraelon, or Jezreel, behind the bay of Acta; that of Phoenicia containing Tyre and Sidon (Numbers 13:29). So we find them in the upper Jordan valley at Bethshean, Esdraelon (Jezreel), Taanach, Ibleam, Megiddo, the Sharon plain, Dor, the Phoenician Accho and Sidon (Joshua 17:16; Judges 1:19; Judges 4:3
Rivers And Waterways in the Bible - Kishon River The Kishon River forms the drainage system of the Jezreel Plain and the southern portion of the Accho Plain. From the Jezreel, it passes along the base of Mount Carmel through the narrow pass formed by a spur of the Galilean hills and into the Accho Plain, where some additional tributaries join before it empties into the Mediterranean
Jordan - Gilboa and drains the valley of Jezreel; Wady Fârah , which rises near Mt
Name, Names - Corresponding with these forms are Israel, Ishmael, Jezreel, Jabneel, Jiphthah-el, Jekabzeel, Joktheel , in the OT
Elisha - of Jezreel, on the southern slopes of Jebel ed Duhy, the little Hermon. Benhadad, while Elisha resided at Dothan, half-way between Samaria and Jezreel, tried to surprise Israel from different points, but was foiled by Elisha warning the Israelite king, "beware that thou pass not such a place
Palestine - The plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon on its northern side, separating the Ephraim mountains from those of Galilee, and stretching across from the Mediterranean to the Jordan valley, was the great battlefield of Palestine. (See FOUNTAINS; EN HAKKORE; GIHON; ENGEDI; HAROD; ENGANNIM; ENDOR; Jezreel
Zebedee - Little Hermon—the Hill of Moreh—and Gideon’s fountain (Judges 7:1) would recall the ‘day of Midian’; while Gilboa would bring thoughts of Israel’s darker days, and Jezreel memories of sad declension in the time of Ahab
Israel - (3) Lastly, there was the movement of the northern tribes into the hill-country which borders the great plain of Jezreel. Taanach, Ibleam, and Beth-shean, and gave the Canaanites control of the great plain of Jezreel
Elijah - And the dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel
Palestine - The only major break in the mountain range is the Plain of Esdraelon also called the Valley of Jezreel
Tribes of Israel, the - They were located west of the Jordan in the region just south of the Sea of Galilee stretching on down to the Valley of Jezreel
War, Holy War - Thus the house of Jehu is to be punished for the massacre at Jezreel (Hosea 1:4 )
Israel, History of - The Divided Monarchy (1–2Kings; Amos; Hosea; Isaiah 1–39 ; Micah; Jeremiah) The north was contextually tied into international politics more than was the south, in part because the primary east-west trade route traversed Israel at the Valley of Jezreel
David - His eldest son Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam of Jezreel, was guilty of a great and shameful crime (2 Samuel 13 )
Golgotha - The Bordeaux Pilgrim places the Transfiguration on Olivet, and the combat of David and Goliath near Jezreel
Jerusalem - Jerusalem lies on the ridge of the backbone of hills stretching from the plain of Jezreel to the desert
Fortification And Siegecraft - ]'>[1] ), and the tower of Jezreel ( 2 Kings 9:17 )
Palesti'na - This central lowland, which divides with its broad depression the mountains of Ephraim from the mountains of Galilee is the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel the great battle-field of Palestine
Joram - A little to the north of Beisan there is a bridge, which dates from the Middle Ages, the Jisr el-Mujamieh, on the way—an ancient Roman road—leading from the plain of Jezreel to Gadara and Damascus