What does Jehovah mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Jehovah
Pronounced, by modern scholars, Yahveh or Yahweh (Hebrew: He Who is). Name of God in the Old Testament, occurring about 6000 times. It is the very name considered by the Jews as great, glorious, terrible, hidden, mysterious, to blaspheme which merited death (Leviticus 24). Designating The Being, or, as God Himself expresses it, "I am who am" (Exodus 3), it was revealed to Moses on Mount Horeb as the incommunicable name of God.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah Our Righteousness
The margin of our Bible hath preserved the original Hebrew, JEHOVAH Tzidkenu, in both places where meet with this glorious name of the Lord Jesus, (Jeremiah 23:6; Jer 33:16) and a most blessed and soul-comforting name it is for the present and everlasting joy of a poor sinner, conscious that in himself he is void of all righteousness. For doth any one ask the question—Wherefore we call Jesus JEHOVAH? The answer is direct; Jesus is not only JEHOVAH by reason of his own personal GODHEAD, but JEHOVAH the Father hath commanded his people to call him and to know him by that name. And if it be farther asked—Wherefore do you call him your righteousness? The answer is, Because he is so, and is the very righteousness in which all his people become justified before God; and in confirmation of it JEHOVAH hath commanded the people so to call him, and so to apprehend and know him. And reader, do but attend to the several blessed causes by which it is confirmed and assured to the heart and conscience, and very fully will it appear to you, in all its glory, if so be God the Holy Ghost be your teacher. That Jesus is JEHOVAH in common with the Father and the Holy Ghost, the whole Bible confirms. (See in proof if but a single passage, Isaiah 45:22-25) And that he is our righteousness, the Holy Ghost hath asserted in numberless places of his blessed word. (See but two passages among many that might be brought forward, 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21)
But what I more particularly beg the reader to observe with me on this glorious name of our Redeemer, is, that JEHOVAH Jesus our righteousness is the very righteousness of his people. Let the reader remember that Jesus is not said to be a righteous person, but righteousness itself. Angels may be, and sometimes are, called righteous, and so are the servants of God; but none of them can be called righteousness. This belongs only to God our Saviour: all other righteousness is derived, and is from him; but the righteousness of the Lord Jesus is essentially and necessarily his own. He is righteousness itself; and his GODHEAD both proves his righteousness, and his righteousness demonstrates his GODHEAD. This is one sweet feature of this name of our Lord; and there is another included in it, namely, that this righteousness is ours. For by virtue of union and oneness with him, all that he is as the Head of his body the church, he is for and in his people. Hence he is said to have been made sin for them when he knew no sin that they might be made the righteousness of God in him. (2 Corinthians 5:21) "And he is made of God to them wisdom and righteousness, sanctification and redemption." (1 Corinthians 1:30) And what crowns the whole is, that Christ and his righteousness being so for ever, so must his people be in him. His person being infinite, so must be his righteousness; and therefore, he is said to have saved his people with an everlasting righteousness, by reason of which they shall not be ashamed nor confounded, world without end. Well might the Holy Ghost command the church to exclaim, "Surely shall one say, In the Lord have I righteousness and strength." (Isaiah 45:24) I would only add, as a farther confirmation of the interest the church hath in Christ and the oneness there is between them, the church also is called the Lord our righteousness, because her glorious Husband is so; thus proving her marriage by taking the name of her husband. (See Jeremiah 33:16) Oh, the blessedness in that one title, JEHOVAH our righteousness!
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah-Shalom
The margin of the Bible renders this title of a covenant God, "The Lord send peace." It was ascribed to the Lord by Gideon, in the prospect of conquering Midian. (Judges 6:24) It proved so then, and it has proved so in numberless instances ever since. But seen with an eye to Christ, it is eminently blessed; here, indeed, JEHOVAH, in the covenant of peace founded in Christ before all worlds, may, and must be called, in the strongest emphasis, JEHOVAH SHALOM.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Jireh
(jeh hoh' vuh-ji rehh) Place name meaning, “Yahweh will provide” (Genesis 22:14 ). The name Abraham gave to the place where the Lord provided a sacrifice in place of Isaac. Modern translations translate the place name whereas KJV transliterates it. See Jehovah .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Nissi
(jeh hoh' vuh-nihss' ssi) Transliteration of place name meaning, “Yahweh is my banner.” Name Moses gave to the altar he built after defeating the Amalekites (Exodus 17:15 ). Modern versions translate the name instead of following KJV in transliterating it. See Jehovah .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Shalom
(jeh hoh' vuh-sshah luhm) Place name meaning, “Yahweh is peace.” Name Gideon gave to the altar he built at Ophrah (Judges 6:24 ). Modern versions translate the name, while KJV transliterated it. See Jehovah .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Tsidkenu
(jeh hoh' vuh-tssihd kee' nyoo) Hebrew name meaning “The Lord [1] our righteousness” (Jeremiah 23:6 ; Jeremiah 33:16 , margin). See Yahmeh. The name is applied to a future Davidic king who would lead his people to do what is right and thus bring peace (Jeremiah 23:6 ) and to the restored city of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 33:16 ). The name is possibly a play on the name of Zedekiah (“Righteous [1] the Lord”) who reigned from 597 to 587 B.C..
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah Shalom
("Jehovah is peace".) Gideon so-called his altar of thanksgiving (not sacrifice) in Ophrah, to commemorate the angel of Jehovah's salutation, "Peace be unto thee"; where rather judgment for national backslidings was to have been expected, and when he himself had feared death, as having seen the angel of Jehovah. Jehovah's assurance of "peace" confirmed His previous announcement that Gideon would conquer Midian and deliver Israel.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah Nissi
("Jehovah my banner".) Name given by Moses to the altar commemorating Israel' s victory, under Jehovah, over Amalek. (See AMALEK.) (Exodus 17:15). His name, i.e. "manifested character" toward His people, is their rallying point. (See BANNER.) The rod of God in Moses' hand, when held up as a banner, brought victory; so it was the pledge of what the altar represented, that Jehovah is the ensurer of victory to His people when rallying round Him (Psalms 60:4; Isaiah 11:10; Proverbs 18:10).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah Jireh
(See ABRAHAM; ISAAC.) ("Jehovah will see or provide".) (Genesis 22:14). In Genesis 22:8 Abraham had said, "Elohim will provide for Himself a Lamb." He perceives he has uttered an unconscious prophecy, and that the Elohim in whom he trusted has proved Himself JEHOVAH , in covenant with His people; so that the phrase became a Hebrew proverb, "In the mount (as He provided for Abraham in his' extremity) Jehovah will provide" (for us also in our every extremity). The meaning of Mori-jah," the seeing of Jehovah," implies that it originated in this saying of Abraham, and that "Moriah" in Genesis 22:2 is used by anticipation. Moreover, Solomon built his temple on mount "Moriah" (2 Chronicles 3:1). It is no valid objection that Abraham "saw the place afar off," whereas the temple mount is not conspicuous from a distance (whence Moriah is connected by some with Moreh and "the natural altar on the top of Mount Gerizim", which the Samaritans make the place of the sacrifice); for what is meant in Genesis 22:4 is only that he saw it at some little distance, as far off as the place admitted. (See GERIZIM.) The distance, two days' journey from Beersheba, would bring Abraham and his party to Jerusalem, whereas Gerizim could not be reached in three days.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah
Jahaveh or Υahaveh is probahly the correct form (the vowel pointing in Jehovah is derived from Α-d-o-n-ay ) from the substantive verb haawah (found only six times in the Bible; obsolete in Moses' time; retained in Chaldee and Syriac from a time anterior to the division of the Semitic languages), for the more modern haayah , to be; a proof of the great antiquity of the name: "I AM THAT I AM" is the key of the name (Exodus 3:14), expressing unchanging Being. The name was old and known long before; it appears compounded in Jo-chebed and Mor-iah, and simply in Genesis 2 and afterward. But its significance in relation to God's people was new, and now first becoming experimentally known. (See GENESIS; GOD; EXODUS.)
Exodus 6:2-3; "I am JEHOVAH, and I appeared unto Abraham,... by the name of God Almighty (Εl-Shaddai ), but by My name JEHOVAH was I not known": its full and precious import is only now about to be revealed. To the patriarchs He was known, when giving the promises, as GOD, Almighty to fulfill them (Genesis 17:1); to Moses as Jehovah unchangeably faithful (Malachi 3:6) in keeping them; compare Hebrews 13:8, which identifies Jesus with Jehovah. Εlohim can do all that He wills; Υahweh will do all that He has promised. Εlohim (the plural expressing the fullness of God's powers) is appropriate to creation (Genesis 1 - 2:3); JEHOVAH ELOHIM to paradise and to the covenant of grace at the fall; the combination identifies the Jehovah of the moral government with the Elohim of creation.
If JEHOVAH had been a name of more recent introduction, the whole nation would never have accepted it with such universal reverence. Elohim appears in the trial of Abraham's faith (Genesis 22); Jehovah, in its triumph. The last 19 chapters of Genesis, from Jacob's meeting the angels and Esau, have Elohim alone (except in the history of Judah and Pharez, Genesis 38; and Joseph's first entrance into Egypt, Genesis 39; and Jacob's dying exclamation, Genesis 49:18; the beginning and close of the long period of sorrow and patient waiting) to prepare by contrast for the fuller revelation to Moses, when Jehovah is made known in its full and experimental preciousness. "To be made known" (Exodus 6:3) means to be manifested in act (Psalms 9:17; Psalms 48:3-6), making good in fact all that was implied in the name (Ezekiel 20:9) (nodatiy ).
The name was not new to Israel, for it occurs before Exodus 6:3 in Exodus 3:16; Exodus 4:1. ELOHIM, from aalah "to be strong" (Furst), rather than from Arabic aliha , "astonishment", alaha , "worship" (Hengstenberg), the Deity, expresses His eternal power and Godhead manifested in nature, commanding our reverence; JEHOVAH the Personal God in covenant with His people, manifesting boundless mercy, righteousness, and faithfulness to His word. So "Immanuel" is used not of the mere appellation, but of His proving in fact to be what the name means (Isaiah 7:14). The "I AM" (Exodus 3:14) is to be filled up thus: I am to My people all whatever they want. Prayer is to supply the ellipsis, pleading God's covenanted promises: light, life, peace, salvation, glory, their exceeding great reward, etc. I am all that My word declares, and their threefold nature, body, soul, and spirit, requires. I am always all this to them (John 8:58). "Before Abraham began, to be (Greek) I am" (Matthew 28:20).
The Jews by a misunderstanding of Leviticus 24:16 ("utters distinctly" instead of "blasphemeth") fear to use the name, saying instead "the name," "the four lettered name," "the great and terrible name." So Septuagint, Vulgate, and even KJV (except in four places "Jehovah": Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4; Exodus 6:3; Psalms 83:18) has "THE LORD," which in CAPITALS represents JEHOVAH, in small letters Adonai. Maimonides restricts its use to the priests' blessings and to the sanctuary; others to the high priest on the day of atonement, when entering the holy of holies. The Samaritans pronounced the name Υabe (Theodoret); found also in Epiphanius; Υahu in such names as Obadiah (Obad-yahu).
So that Jahveh (or Υahveh or Υahweh ) seems the correct pronunciation. The Hebrew said the Elohim, in opposition to false gods; but never the Jehovah, for Jehovah means the true God only. Again, My God, Εlohay , but not My Jehovah, for Jehovah by itself means this covenant relation to one. Again, the Elohim of Israel; but not the Jehovah of Israel, for there is no other Jehovah. Again, the living Elohim, but not the living Jehovah; for Jehovah means this without the epithet. Jehovah is in Old Testament the God of redemption. The correlative of Elohim is man, of Jehovah redeemed man. Elohim is God in nature, Jehovah God in grace (Exodus 34:6-7).
Elohim is the God of providence; Jehovah is the God of promise and prophecy; hence, the prophets' formula is, "thus saith Jehovah," not Elohim. Elohim is wider in meaning, embracing the representatives of Deity, angels and human judges and rulers (Psalms 82:6; John 10:34-35). Jehovah is deeper, the incommunicable name. The more frequent use of the name Jehovah from Samuel's time is due to the religious revival then inaugurated, and to the commencement of the regular school of prophets. In the first four verses of the Bhagavat God says to Brahma, "I was at first ... afterward I AM THAT WHICH IS, and He who must remain am I." (Sir W. Jones).
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Jehovah
See God, Names of
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehovah
Jehovah (je-ho'vah), he will be. A title of the supreme Being, indicative of eternal and immutable self-existence. Exodus 6:3. It is similar to the title "I am." Exodus 3:14. In the English Bible it is usually translated "Lord" and printed in small capitals. It occurs first in the second chapter of Genesis. As distinct from Elohim, it signifies the God of revelation and redemption, the God of the Jews, while Elohim is the God of nature, the Creator and Preserver of all men. See Jah, God.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehovah
Self-subsisting
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehovah-Shammah
The Lord is there
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehovah-Nissi
The Lord my banner
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehovah-Tsidkenu
The Lord our righteousness
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehovah-Shalom
The Lord send peace
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehovah-Jireh
The Lord will provide
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jehovah
See GOD.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehovah
JEHOVAH See God, § 2 ( f ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehovah-Shammah
JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH (‘J″ [1] is there’). The name to be given to the restored and glorified Jerusalem ( Ezekiel 48:35 ; cf. Isaiah 60:14-22 ; Isaiah 62:2 , Revelation 21:2 f.). ‘The prophet beheld the Lord forsake His temple (ch. 11), and he beheld Him again enter it (ch. 43); now He abides in it among His people for ever.’
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehovah-Tsidkenu
JEHOVAH-TSIDKENU (‘J″ [1] is our righteousness,’ or ‘J″ [1] our righteousness,’ Jeremiah 23:6 ; Jeremiah 33:16 ). In both passages (which are in fact the same prophecy repeated) it is the title of the Branch, the perfectly Righteous King, who is to rule over the people on their return from the Captivity.
CARM Theological Dictionary - Jehovah
An anglicized pronunciation of the Hebrew tetragrammaton, YHWH, which are the four consonant letters used to spell God’s name in the Old Testament (Exodus 3:14). The Hebrews considered the name of God too holy to pronounce and substituted the word “Lord” (adonai) when the text was read. The vowels of the word “adonai” was combined with YHWH to get the word “Jehovah” which was first used in the 12th century. A more accurate pronunciation of YHWH would be “Yahweh.” However, the exact and proper pronunciation has been lost.
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jehovah
One of the Scripture names of God, and peculiar to him, signifying the Being who is self-existent, and gives existence to others. The name is also given to Christ, Is. 40: 3. and is a proof of his godhead, Matthew 3:3 . Is. 6: John 12:41 . the Jews had so great a veneration for this name, that they left off the custom of pronouncing it, whereby its true pronunciation was forgotten. They believe that whosoever knows the true pronunciation of it cannot fail to be heard of God.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah-Shammah
"The Lord is there." Such is the name of the church in consequence of the presence of her glorious husband. (See Ezekiel 48:35) The prophet is speaking by the Spirit of prophecy, and looking into the days of the gospel; so that here is a mark to know the church by now, and which will be the character of Christ's church for ever. Without the Lord's presence there is no church: unless he be in the midst of us, we may go lean all our days. Lord! write JEHOVAH Shammah in our churches, in our hearts, in our houses, in our families!
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah Nissi
No text for this entry.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah
The glorious incommunicable name of the I AM THAT I AM. In addition to what was offered under the article God, (which see) I would beg to observe, that this ineffable and mysterious name belongs to each glorious person of the GODHEAD, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, and is used in common by each and by all. It implies every perfection of the divine nature, in the eternity, immensity, sovereignty, omnipotency, invisibility, etc. of the Lord. We find it sometimes joined with certain leading characters of the GODHEAD, all descriptive of the divine glory, as for example:
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah-Jireh
The margin of our Bible renders it very properly, "the Lord will see or provide." (Genesis 22:14) And the general acceptation of the words in the esteem of believers is, that the Lord will do by all of that character as he did by Abraham, and in every critical moment manifest his grace towards them, in proof that he doth both see and provide for them. This is certainly one sense of the titles, and a blessed one it is: but this is not all. Abraham saith, "to this day in the mount of the Lord shall it be seen;" by which it appears, that the mount of the Lord was to be the place where this provision and sight of JEHOVAH was to be seen. Surely there was a prophecy in these words relating to the very spot of Abraham's mercy, as well as the mercy itself. And was not this with an eye to the Lamb of God, in after-ages to be provided for the whole church, as well as the ram the Lord had then provided for Abraham's burnt offering? Recollect that this mount Moriah was near the spot, if not the very spot itself, afterwards called mount Calvary. And as Abraham's offering was wholly typical, surely nothing could be more suited to the expression in calling the place JEHOVAH Jireh. As if Abraham had said, Here shall be one day seen the wonders of redemption! Here God will, indeed, provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering!
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehovah Nissi
No text for this entry.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehovah
יהוה , the proper and incommunicable name of the Divine Essence. That this divine name, Jehovah, was well known to the Heathens, there can be no doubt. Sanchoniathon writes Jebo; Diodorus, the Sicilian, Macrobius, St. Clemens Alexandrinus, St. Jerom, and Origen, pronounce Jao; Epiphanius, Theodoret, and the Samaritans, Jabe, Jave. We likewise find in the ancients, Jahoh, Javo, Javu, Jaod. The Moors call their god Jaba, whom some believe to be the same as Jehovah. The Latins, in all probability, took their Javis, or Jovis Pater, from Jehovah.
The Jews, after their captivity in Babylon, out of an excessive and superstitious respect for this name, left off to pronounce it, and thus lost the true pronunciation. The Septuagint generally renders it Κυριος , "the Lord." Origen, St. Jerom, and Eusebius, testify that in their time the Jews left the name of Jehovah written in their copies in Samaritan characters, instead of writing it in the common Chaldee or Hebrew characters; which shows their veneration for this holy name: and the fear they were under, lest strangers, who were not unacquainted with the Chaldee letters and language, should discover and misapply it. The Jews call this name of God the Tetragrammaton, or the name with four letters. It would be waste of time and patience to repeat all that has been said on this incommunicable name: it may not be amiss, however, to remind the reader,
1. That although it signifies the state of being, yet it forms no verb.
2. It never assumes a plural form.
3. It does not admit an article, or take an affix.
4. Neither is it placed in a state of construction with other words;
though other words may be in construction with it.
It seems to be a compound of יה , the essence, and הוה , existing; that is, always existing; whence the word eternal appears to express its import; or, as it is well rendered, "He who is, and who was, and who is to come,"
Revelation 1:4 ; Revelation 11:17 ; that is, eternal, as the schoolmen speak, both a parte ante, and a parte post. Compare John 8:58 . It is usually marked by an abbreviation, י , in Jewish books, where it must be alluded to. It is also abbreviated in the term יה , Jah, which, the reader will observe, enters into the formation of many Hebrew appellations. See JAH .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Shamma
(jeh hoh' vuh-sshuhm' maw) Transliteration of a Hebrew name (Ezekiel 48:35 , margin) meaning “The Lord is there” which is better transliterated YHWH-shammah (NAS margin). See Yahweh. The Jerusalem of Ezekiel's vision was known by this name. Compare Isaiah 60:19-20 ; Revelation 21:3 .
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehovah
(jeh hoh' vuh) English transliteration of Hebrew text's current reading of divine name Yahweh. Hebrew text, however, represents scribe's efforts to prevent people from pronouncing the divine name by combining consonants of Yahweh and vowels of Hebrew word adonai (“Lord”) so readers would pronounce adonai rather than risk blasphemy by improperly pronouncing divine name. See God ; Lord ; Yahweh.
King James Dictionary - Jehovah
JEHO'VAH, n. The Scripture name of the Supreme Being. If, as is supposed, this name is from the Hebrew substantive verb, the word denotes the Permanent Being, as the primary sense of the substantive verb in all languages, is to be fixed, to stand, to remain or abide. This is a name peculiarly appropriate to the eternal Spirit, the unchangeable God, who describes himself thus, I am that I am. Exodus 3
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Shammah
Jehovah is there, the name given by Ezekiel, Ezekiel 48:35 , to a future holy city.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Nissi
Jehovah my banner, Exodus 17:15 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Shalom
Jehovah of peace, or prosperity, the name given by Gideon to an altar which he built in the place where the Angel-Jehovah had appeared to him, and saluted him by saying "Peace be unto thee," Judges 6:24 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Tzideknu
Jehovah our righteousness, a name given to the Savior, and through him to his church, Jeremiah 23:6 ; 33:16 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Jireh
Jehovah will provide, the name given by Abraham to the place where he had been on the point of slaying his son Isaac, Genesis 22:14 . He gave this name in allusion to his answer to Isaac's question in Genesis 22:8 , that God would provide a victim for the sacrifice.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehovah
The ineffable name of God among the Hebrews. It never has the article before it, nor is it found in the plural form. The Jews never pronounced this name; and wherever it occurs in the Hebrew Scriptures, the substituted for it, in reading, the word ADONAI, Lord, or ELOHIM, God. See Exodus 3:14 , I AM THAT I AM, the meaning of which see under the article Exodus 6:3 , God says, "I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty; but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them;" yet the appellation Jehovah appears to have been known from the beginning, Genesis 4:2 . We have reason to believe that God himself, who named man Adam, named himself Genesis 17:1 26:11 ; or, "I am Jehovah, the God of Abraham," etc.; but never simply, "I am Jehovah." It should be remembered that our English version translates this name by the word LORD , printed in small capitals.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Shammah
Jehovah is there, the symbolical title given by Ezekiel to Jerusalem, which was seen by him in vision (Ezekiel 48:35 ). It was a type of the gospel Church.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Nissi
Jehovah my banner, the title given by Moses to the altar which he erected on the hill on the top of which he stood with uplifted hands while Israel prevailed over their enemies the Amalekites (Exodus 17:15 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Tsidkenu
Jehovah our rightousness, rendered in the Authorized Version, "The LORD our righteousness," a title given to the Messiah (Jeremiah 23:6 , marg.), and also to Jerusalem (33:16, marg.).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Shalom
Jehovah send peace, the name which Gideon gave to the altar he erected on the spot at Ophrah where the angel appeared to him (Judges 6:24 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah-Jireh
Jehovah will see; i.e., will provide, the name given by Abraham to the scene of his offering up the ram which was caught in the thicket on Mount Moriah. The expression used in Genesis 22:14 , "in the mount of the Lord it shall be seen," has been regarded as equivalent to the saying, "Man's extremity is God's opportunity."
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehovah
The special and significant name (not merely an appellative title such as Lord [1]) by which God revealed himself to the ancient Hebrews (Exodus 6:2,3 ). This name, the Tetragrammaton of the Greeks, was held by the later Jews to be so sacred that it was never pronounced except by the high priest on the great Day of Atonement, when he entered into the most holy place. Whenever this name occurred in the sacred books they pronounced it, as they still do, "Adonai" (i.e., Lord), thus using another word in its stead. The Massorets gave to it the vowel-points appropriate to this word. This Jewish practice was founded on a false interpretation of Leviticus 24:16 . The meaning of the word appears from Exodus 3:14 to be "the unchanging, eternal, self-existent God," the "I am that I am," a convenant-keeping God. (Compare Malachi 3:6 ; Hosea 12:5 ; Revelation 1:4,8 .) The Hebrew name "Jehovah" is generally translated in the Authorized Version (and the Revised Version has not departed from this rule) by the word LORD printed in small capitals, to distinguish it from the rendering of the Hebrew Adonai And the Greek Kurios , Which are also rendered Lord, but printed in the usual type. The Hebrew word is translated "Jehovah" only in Exodus 6:3 ; Psalm 83:18 ; Isaiah 12:2 ; 26:4 , and in the compound names mentioned below.
It is worthy of notice that this name is never used in the LXX., the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Apocrypha, or in the New Testament. It is found, however, on the "Moabite stone" (q.v.), and consequently it must have been in the days of Mesba so commonly pronounced by the Hebrews as to be familiar to their heathen neighbours.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jehovah
See YAHWEH.

Sentence search

Lord - (See Jehovah. In capitals "LORD" represents Jehovah , except Exodus 23:17. The "LORD God", Αdonai Jehovah , where it ought to be "the Lord Jehovah," and Exodus 34:23. "GOD" in capitals also represents Jehovah (Genesis 15:2, 'Αdonay Υahweh )
Jah - (Jehovah ), the abbreviated form of Jehovah, used only in poetry. The identity of Jah and Jehovah is strongly marked in two passages of Isaiah-- (Isaiah 12:2 ; 26:4 ) [1]
Jeho'Vah-Sha'Lom - (Jehovah (is) peace ), or, with an ellipsis, "Jehovah the God of peace. " The altar erected by Gideon in Orphrah was so called in memory of the salutation addressed to him by the angel of Jehovah, "Peace be unto thee
Jedidi'ah - (beloved of Jehovah ) , Jedid-jah ( darling of Jehovah ), the name bestowed, through Nathan the prophet, on David's son Solomon
Lord - This glorious name is peculiarly and properly the distinguishing name of Jehovah, and ought to have been so hallowed and sacred, as never upon any occasion whatever to have been applied to any other, For we read that Jehovah is very jealous of His name, and will not allow the very mention of it, unless in a way of reverence to himself, without attaching guilt to the person that doth it. " With what reverence and sanctity, therefore, ought the glorious name of Jehovah, Lord, to be held? Indeed, though among men, master and lord are sometimes used from servants to their superiors, yet the incommunicable name of Jehovah, is never used in this way by any. ...
Jehovah, or Lord, is equally adapted and made use of in common to teach us all the persons of the GODHEAD, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. We find, it, every part of the word of God, Jehovah the Father, so called, (see Zechariah 2:10) where Jehovah the Father is represented as sending Jehovah the Son. So again we find Jehovah the Father speaking to Jehovah the Son, (Psalms 110:1; Isaiah 42:5-8) and numberless other instances occur throughout the Bible. In like manner, God the Son is called by this glorious name, (Jeremiah 23:6) with express designation of character, and this also by Jehovah the Father, And throughout both Testaments of Scripture, God the Son possesseth in common with the Father and the Holy Ghost, the distinguishing name of Lord. And no less God the Holy Ghost, (Numbers 6:24-26) where each glorious person is severally and distinctly called Jehovah. (2 Corinthians 3:17; 1 John 5:7) See God Jehovah
Massah - ) There Israel tempted Jehovah, saying, Is Jehovah among us or not? (Exodus 17:7; Psalms 95:8-9; Hebrews 3:8
Meshelemi'ah - (whom Jehovah repays ), a Korhite porter or gate-keeper of the house of Jehovah in the reign of David
Jehosh'ua - (whose help is Jehovah; Help of Jehovah or savoiur )
Jah - A form of the Hebrew word "Jehovah. See Jehovah
Jeshurun, Jesurun - Name given to Israel, probably signifying 'upright ones;' others prefer 'beloved of Jehovah. ' Jehovah was the 'God of Jeshurun;' and Moses, 'king in Jeshurun
Jehovah - Jahaveh or Υahaveh is probahly the correct form (the vowel pointing in Jehovah is derived from Α-d-o-n-ay ) from the substantive verb haawah (found only six times in the Bible; obsolete in Moses' time; retained in Chaldee and Syriac from a time anterior to the division of the Semitic languages), for the more modern haayah , to be; a proof of the great antiquity of the name: "I AM THAT I AM" is the key of the name (Exodus 3:14), expressing unchanging Being. )...
Exodus 6:2-3; "I am Jehovah, and I appeared unto Abraham,. by the name of God Almighty (Εl-Shaddai ), but by My name Jehovah was I not known": its full and precious import is only now about to be revealed. To the patriarchs He was known, when giving the promises, as GOD, Almighty to fulfill them (Genesis 17:1); to Moses as Jehovah unchangeably faithful (Malachi 3:6) in keeping them; compare Hebrews 13:8, which identifies Jesus with Jehovah. Εlohim (the plural expressing the fullness of God's powers) is appropriate to creation (Genesis 1 - 2:3); Jehovah ELOHIM to paradise and to the covenant of grace at the fall; the combination identifies the Jehovah of the moral government with the Elohim of creation. ...
If Jehovah had been a name of more recent introduction, the whole nation would never have accepted it with such universal reverence. Elohim appears in the trial of Abraham's faith (Genesis 22); Jehovah, in its triumph. The last 19 chapters of Genesis, from Jacob's meeting the angels and Esau, have Elohim alone (except in the history of Judah and Pharez, Genesis 38; and Joseph's first entrance into Egypt, Genesis 39; and Jacob's dying exclamation, Genesis 49:18; the beginning and close of the long period of sorrow and patient waiting) to prepare by contrast for the fuller revelation to Moses, when Jehovah is made known in its full and experimental preciousness. ELOHIM, from aalah "to be strong" (Furst), rather than from Arabic aliha , "astonishment", alaha , "worship" (Hengstenberg), the Deity, expresses His eternal power and Godhead manifested in nature, commanding our reverence; Jehovah the Personal God in covenant with His people, manifesting boundless mercy, righteousness, and faithfulness to His word. " So Septuagint, Vulgate, and even KJV (except in four places "Jehovah": Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4; Exodus 6:3; Psalms 83:18) has "THE LORD," which in CAPITALS represents Jehovah, in small letters Adonai. The Hebrew said the Elohim, in opposition to false gods; but never the Jehovah, for Jehovah means the true God only. Again, My God, Εlohay , but not My Jehovah, for Jehovah by itself means this covenant relation to one. Again, the Elohim of Israel; but not the Jehovah of Israel, for there is no other Jehovah. Again, the living Elohim, but not the living Jehovah; for Jehovah means this without the epithet. Jehovah is in Old Testament the God of redemption. The correlative of Elohim is man, of Jehovah redeemed man. Elohim is God in nature, Jehovah God in grace (Exodus 34:6-7). ...
Elohim is the God of providence; Jehovah is the God of promise and prophecy; hence, the prophets' formula is, "thus saith Jehovah," not Elohim. Jehovah is deeper, the incommunicable name. The more frequent use of the name Jehovah from Samuel's time is due to the religious revival then inaugurated, and to the commencement of the regular school of prophets
Jah - Condensing in one emphatic syllable all that is implied in Jahveh (or Υahweh ), the true pronunciation of Jehovah (Psalms 68:4); first in Exodus 15:2 (Hebrew). Only in poetry: Isaiah 12:2, "Jah (or Υah ) Jehovah is my strength and my song"; (Isaiah 26:4) "in Jah (or Υah ) Jehovah is the Rock of ages. Psalms 89:8, "O Jehovah , God of hosts, who, as Thou, is a strong Jah (or Υah )?" the emphatic concentration of the name "Jehovah
Jehovistic - ) Relating to, or containing, Jehovah, as a name of God; - said of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Pentateuch, in which Jehovah appears as the name of the Deity
Jah - ) Jehovah
Jehovah-Shalom - Jehovah of peace, or prosperity, the name given by Gideon to an altar which he built in the place where the Angel-Jehovah had appeared to him, and saluted him by saying "Peace be unto thee," Judges 6:24
Jahve - A modern transliteration of the Hebrew word translated Jehovah in the Bible; - used by some critics to discriminate the tribal god of the ancient Hebrews from the Christian Jehovah
Lord Will Provide, the - See Jehovah-jireh
Lord is my Banner, the - See Jehovah-Nissi
Lord is Peace, the - See Jehovah-shalom
Lord is Shalom, the - See Jehovah-shalom
Lord is There, the - See Jehovah-shamma
Shammah - See Jehovah-Shammah...
Yahweh - (See JAH; Jehovah
ja'Zer - (Jehovah helps )
Jah - Jehovah
Jeho'Vah-ji'Reh - (Jehovah will see or provide ), the name given by Abraham to the place on which he had been commanded to offer Isaac, to commemorate the interposition of the angel of Jehovah, who appeared to prevent the sacrifice, ( Genesis 22:14 ) and provided another victim
Jehovah Nissi - ("Jehovah my banner". ) Name given by Moses to the altar commemorating Israel' s victory, under Jehovah, over Amalek. ) The rod of God in Moses' hand, when held up as a banner, brought victory; so it was the pledge of what the altar represented, that Jehovah is the ensurer of victory to His people when rallying round Him (Psalms 60:4; Isaiah 11:10; Proverbs 18:10)
Jah - One of the glorious incommunicable names of Jehovah. So again, when speaking of Jehovah in his covenant-relation in Christ, we say Adon Jah, or Adoni, my Adoni Jah. ...
See Jehovah...
Jeri'Jah - (people of Jehovah )
Jeconi'ah - (whom Jehovah establishes )
Asadiah - ("Jehovah loveth"
Jehovah - Jehovah See God, § 2 ( f )
Jehovah-Nissi - Jehovah my banner, Exodus 17:15
Jehovist - ) The writer of the passages of the Old Testament, especially those of the Pentateuch, in which the Supreme Being is styled Jehovah. those of the Hexateuch, in which God is styled Yahweh, or Jehovah; the author of the Yahwistic, or Jehovistic, Prophetic Document (J); also, the document itself. ) One who maintains that the vowel points of the word Jehovah, in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; - opposed to adonist
Hode'Vah - (praise ye Jehovah )
Jah - A contraction for Jehovah (Psalm 68:4 )
Potentate, - ' Jehovah is the only Potentate. The word occurs also in Luke 1:52 : Jehovah "hath put down 'the mighty' from their thrones
Jahveh - Modern pronunciation of the name of God, Jehovah
Jahweh - Modern pronunciation of the name of God, Jehovah
Kela'Iah - (swift messenger of Jehovah ) = KELITA
Adonai - By way of distinguishing it from Jehovah, it is rendered Lord in our English Bibles, in smaller letters, while Jehovah, which is also translated Lord, is in capitals. The words in the original are, Jehovah said unto my Adonai
God - Jehovah. The above 'relationship' may be seen in the change from Elohim, the Creator, in Genesis 1 , to Jehovah Elohim in Genesis 2 , when man was brought into relationship with God. Again in Genesis 7:16 Elohim ordered Noah to make the ark but Jehovah shut him in. Unfortunately the name Jehovah is seldom employed in the A. * There is a contraction of Jehovah into Jah, also translated in the A. " Jah signifies the absolute supremacy of the self-existing One; whereas Jehovah was the name made known to Israel, and on which they could count. "God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM," Exodus 3:14 , where the word is Ehyeh, which is from the same root as Jehovah, the Eternal existing One; He that was, and is, and the coming One. has preserved the name Jehovah, namely, Exodus 6:8 ; Psalm 83:18 ;Isaiah 12:2 ; Isaiah 26:4 . At times it is associated with one of the above words, and was the name by which He was especially known to the Patriarchs, as El Shaddai, God Almighty, Exodus 6:3 ; which passage does not mean that the Patriarchs had not heard of the name of Jehovah, but that it was not the especial name for them. Adon and Adonai, and the plural Adonim, are all translated 'Lord'; they occur frequently, and are found in some of the following compounds:-...
Adon Jehovah, Exodus 23:17 , the Lord GOD. ...
Adon Jehovah Elohim, Isaiah 51:22 , thy Lord, the LORD,and thy God. ...
Adon Jehovah Sabaoth, Isaiah 19:4 , the Lord, the LORDOF HOSTS. ...
Adona Jehovah, Deuteronomy 9:26 , O Lord GOD (occurs frequently). ...
Adonai Jehovah Sabaoth, Jeremiah 2:19 , the Lord GOD of hosts. ...
El Elohim Jehovah, Joshua 22:22 , the LORDGod of gods. ...
Jah Jehovah, Isaiah 26:4 , the LORDJEHOVAH. ...
Jehovah Adon, Nehemiah 10:29 , the LORDour Lord. ...
Jehovah Adonai, Psalm 68:20 , GOD the Lord. ...
Jehovah El, Psalm 31:5 , O LORDGod. ...
Jehovah Elohim, Genesis 9:26 , etc. ...
Jehovah Elohim Sabaoth Adonai, Amos 5:16 , the LORD,the God of hosts, the Lord. ...
Jehovah Jehovah El, Exodus 34:6 , the LORD,the LORDGod. ...
Jehovah Sabaoth, Jeremiah 46:18 , the LORDof hosts. ...
Jehovah Sabaoth Elohim, Jeremiah 27:4 , etc. ...
For titles in combination with Jehovah, See Jehovah. ...
The true pronunciation of Jehovah is declared to be lost: the Jews when reading the O. the latter is used by the LXX as the translation of Jehovah, so in the N. it often represents Jehovah, and is then mostly, if not always, without the article, as in Matthew 1:20,22,24 , etc
Shamari'ah - (kept by Jehovah ), son of Rehoboam
Haggi'ah - (festival of Jehovah ), a Merarite Levite
Jehoshab'e-Ath - (whose oath is Jehovah )
Jedaiah -
Invoker of Jehovah. ...
...
Knowing Jehovah
Hezeki - Hizkiah shortened ("strength of Jehovah"
Invisible - One of the distinguishing attributes of Jehovah
Ibni'Jah - (whom Jehovah will build up ), a Benjamite
jo-e'Lah - (Jehovah helps ), son of Jerohoam of Gedor
Adonists - A party among divines and critics, who maintain that the Hebrew points ordinarily annexed to the consonants of the word Jehovah are not the natural points belonging to that word, nor express the true pronunciation of it; but are the vowel points belonging to the words Adonai and Elohim, applied to the consonants of the ineffable name Jehovah, to warn the readers, that instead of the word Jehovah, which the Jews were forbid to pronounce, and the true pronunciation of which had long been unknown to them, they are always to read Adonai
Jehovah - See Exodus 3:14 , I AM THAT I AM, the meaning of which see under the article Exodus 6:3 , God says, "I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty; but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them;" yet the appellation Jehovah appears to have been known from the beginning, Genesis 4:2 . We have reason to believe that God himself, who named man Adam, named himself Genesis 17:1 26:11 ; or, "I am Jehovah, the God of Abraham," etc. ; but never simply, "I am Jehovah
Chenaniah - ("the favor of Jehovah"
Hachali'ah - (whom Jehovah enlightens ), the father of Nehemiah
Jehizkiah - Jehovah strengthens, one of the chiefs of Ephraim (2 Chronicles 28:12 )
Michri - Prize of Jehovah, a Benjamite, the father of Uzzi (1 Chronicles 9:8 )
Nedabiah - Moved of Jehovah, one of the sons of Jeconiah (1 Chronicles 3:18 )
Raamiah - ("whom Jehovah makes to tremble"
iz'Rahiah - (whom Jehovah causes to sparkle ), a chieftain of Issachar
Jahnzi'ah - (whom Jehovah watches over ), son of Tikvah, apparently a priest
Bizjoth'Jah - (contempt of Jehovah ), a town in the south of Judah
Neri'ah - (lamp of Jehovah ), the son of Maaseiah and father of Baruch and Seraiah
Jeho'Adah - (whom Jehovah adorns ), one of the descendants of Saul
Josh'Aphat - (whom Jehovah judges ), the Mithnite, one of David's guard
je-at'Era-i - (whom Jehovah leads ), a Gershonite Levite, son of Zerah
Jaaziah - Comforted by Jehovah, a descendant of Merari the Levite (1 Chronicles 24:26,27 )
jo'ed - (for whom Jehovah is witness ), a Benjamite, the son of Pedaiah
Joiada - (Whom Jehovah favours) = Jehoiada
Shehari'ah - (dawning of Jehovah ), a Benjamite, son of Jehoram
Vani'ah - (Jehovah is praise ), one of the sons of Bani, ( Ezra 10:36 ) (B
Semachi'ah - (Jehovah sustains him ) one of the sons of SKEMAIAH, 9
Omnipresent - ) Present in all places at the same time; ubiquitous; as, the omnipresent Jehovah
Ibne'Iah - (whom Jehovah will build up ), son of Jehoram, a Benjamite
Berachi'ah - (blessed of Jehovah ), a Gershonite Levite, father of Asaph
Pelali'ah - (judged by Jehovah ), the son of Amzi and ancestor of Adaiah
Pal'ti - (whom Jehovah delivers ), the Benjamite spy, son of Raphu
Jaresi'ah - (whom Jehovah nourishes ),a Benjamite, one of the Bene-Jehoram
Jehovah Shalom - ("Jehovah is peace". ) Gideon so-called his altar of thanksgiving (not sacrifice) in Ophrah, to commemorate the angel of Jehovah's salutation, "Peace be unto thee"; where rather judgment for national backslidings was to have been expected, and when he himself had feared death, as having seen the angel of Jehovah. Jehovah's assurance of "peace" confirmed His previous announcement that Gideon would conquer Midian and deliver Israel
Lord - The word LORD , in the English Bible, when printed in small capitals, stands always for Jehovah in the Hebrew. See Jehovah
Jokim - Whom Jehovah has set up, one of the descendants of Shelah (1 Chronicles 4:22 )
Melati'ah - (Jehovah delivers ), a Gibeonite who assisted in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem
ja'Ana-i - (whom Jehovah answers ), a chief man in the tribe of Gad
Antothi'Jah - (answers of Jehovah ), a Benjamite, one of the sons of Jeroham
Berai'ah - (created by Jehovah ), son of Shimhi, a chief man of Benjamin
Dala-i'ah - (freed by Jehovah ) a descendant of the royal family of Judah
Hizki'ah - (might of Jehovah ), an ancestor of Zephaniah the prophet
jo-a'Ada - (whom Jehovah favors ), high priest after his father Eliashib
jo'Rim - (whom Jehovah has exalted ), son of Matthat, in the genealogy of Christ
Iphedeiah - Set free by Jehovah, a chief of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:25 )
Shemariah - Whom Jehovah guards
Iphede'Iah - (whom Jehovah frees ), a descendant of Benjamin, one of the Bene-Shashak
Jehovah-Shammah - Jehovah is there, the name given by Ezekiel, Ezekiel 48:35 , to a future holy city
Jezi'ah - (whom Jehovah expiates ), a descendant of Parosh, who had married a foreign wife
jo'Shah - (whom Jehovah lets dwell ), a prince of the house of Simeon
Jos'Edech - (whom Jehovah makes just ), the son of Seraiah
jo-e'Zer - (whose help is Jehovah ), a Korhite, one of David's captains
Day of the Lord - The day in which Jehovah was expected to punish sinful Hebrews and the enemies of Israel, and to establish at least the righteous remnant of His people in political supremacy. The Hebrews believed implicitly that their God Jehovah was certain to defeat all rivals. The sins of Israel itself deserved punishment, and Amos declared that the luxury of the nation, with all its economic oppression, had grown hateful to Jehovah, and unless abandoned would bring fearful punishment ( Amos 2:6-8 ; Amos 3:9-15 ; Amos 5:10-13 ; Amos 6:4-8 ). The righteousness of Jehovah demanded that the sins of His people as well as those of the heathen should be punished. ), however, reverted to the same national thought of a ‘day of battle,’ in which Jehovah would conquer all Israel’s foes; and to some extent this same national idea is represented by Joel ( Joel 2:18-27 ). With the later prophets there is to be seen an element of reconstruction as well as punishment in Jehovah’s action. ...
It is clear that this conception of a great Day of Jehovah underlies much of the Messianic expectation of apocryphal literature. The establishment of a remnant of a pious Israel was the germ of the hope of the Messianic kingdom; and the Day of Jehovah itself became the Day of Judgment , which figures so largely in both Jewish and Christian Messianism. It fact, it is not too much to say that the eschatology of Judaism is really a development of the implications of the prophetic teaching as to the Day of Jehovah
Adonai - The Jews, who either out of respect or superstition, do not pronounce the name of Jehovah, read Adonai in the room of it, as often as they meet with Jehovah in the Hebrew text
Maasiai - Work of Jehovah, one of the priests resident at Jerusalem at the Captivity (1 Chronicles 9:12 )
Barachias, Berechiah - ), whom Jehovah hath blessed, father of the prophet Zechariah (Zechariah 1:1,7 ; Matthew 23:35 )
Hasadiah - ("beloved of Jehovah"), marking the hopeful spirit of the returned exiles
Kish'i - (bow of Jehovah ), a Merarite, and father of ancestor of Ethan the minstrel
Hizkl'Jah - (might of Jehovah ), one of those
Hoda'Iah - (Praise ye Jehovah ), son of the royal line of Judah
Jecoliah - Able through Jehovah, the wife of King Amaziah, and mother of King Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:3 )
Jehoaddan - Jehovah his ornament, the wife of King Jehoash, and mother of King Amaziah (2 Kings 14:2 )
Joiakim - (Whom Jehovah has set up) = Jehoiakim, a high priest, the son and successor of Jeshua (Nehemiah 12:10,12,26 )
Conaniah - Whom Jehovah hath set, a Levite placed over the tithes brought into the temple (2 Chronicles 35:9 )
Ahas'a-i - (whom Jehovah holds ), a priest, ancestor of Maasiai, ( Nehemiah 11:13 ) called JAHZERAH in (1 Chronicles 9:12 )
Ish'Mera-i - (whom Jehovah keeps ), a Benjamite, one of the family of Elpaal
ez'ri - (help of Jehovah ), son of Chelub, superintendent of King David's farm-laborers
Beali'ah - (Jehovah is lord ), a Benjamite who went over to David at Ziklag
Oth'ni - (lion of Jehovah ), son of Shemaiah, the first-horn of Obed-edom
ma-Ada'i, - (ornament of Jehovah ), one of the sons of Kani, who had married a foreign wife
Bakbuki'ah - (wasting of Jehovah ), a Levite in the time of Nehemiah
Jeho-i'Arib - (whom Jehovah defends ), head of the first of the twenty-four courses of priests
Jekami'ah - (whom Jehovah gathers ), son of Shallum, in the line of Ahlai
jo-i'Akim - (whom Jehovah sets up ), a high priest, son of the renowned Jeshua
Ana'ni - (Protected by Jehovah ), the seventh son of Elioenai, descended from the royal line of Judah
Hasadiah - Favoured by Jehovah, one of the sons of Pedaiah (1 Chronicles 3:20 ), of the royal line of David
Joezer - Jehovah is his help, one of the Korhites who became part of David's body-guard (1 Chronicles 12:6 )
Harhaiah - Zeal of Jehovah, (Nehemiah 3:8 ) "of the goldsmiths," one whose son helped to repair the wall of Jerusalem
lo-Ruhama - ) Hosea's daughter, representing Israel, from whom Jehovah withdrew His loving compassion
Alleluiah - ) An exclamation signifying Praise ye Jehovah
ja-a'Sau - (whom Jehovah made ), one of the Bene-Bani who had married a foreign wife
Jah'di-el - (whom Jehovah makes joyful ), a chieftain of Manasseh on the east of Jordan
Jeshoha'Iah - (whom Jehovah casts down ), a chief of the Simeonites, descended from Shimei
Jer'Iba-i - (whom Jehovah defends ), one of the Bene-Elnaan, named among the heroes of David's guard
jo'Kim - (whom Jehovah has set up ), one of the sons of Shelah the son of Judah
Nedabi'ah - (whom Jehovah impels ) apparently one of the sons of Jeconiah or Jehoiachin, king of Judah
ho'Ham - (whom Jehovah impels ), king of Hebron at the time of the conquest of Canaan
Joshavi'ah - (whom Jehovah makes dwell ), the son of Elnaam, and one of David's guard
Josiphi'ah - (whom Jehovah will increase ), the father or ancestor of Shelomith, who returned with Ezra
Decision, Valley of - The phrase is found only in Joel 3:14 ‘Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision; for the day of Jehovah is near in the valley of decision. The decision is that of Jehovah Himself, His final judgment upon the heathen assembled. Orelli, Michaelis, Robinson, and others think the valley of this prophecy is purely a symbolic one, the valley of ‘Jehovah’s judgment,’ as the Heb. name Jehoshaphat (‘Jehovah hath judged’) suggests
Bealiah - Whose Lord is Jehovah, a Benjamite, one of David's thirty heroes of the sling and bow (1 Chronicles 12:5 )
She-Ari'ah - (valued by Jehovah ), one of the six sons of Azel a descendant of Saul
Dibri - Dibri of Dan, father of Shelomith, whose son by an Egyptian husband was stoned for blaspheming Jehovah (Leviticus 24:11)
Yah - See God ; I Am ; Jehovah; Lord; YHWH
Zidki'Jah - (justice of Jehovah ) a priest or family of priests who signed the covenant with Nehemiah
Jehovah-Tzideknu - Jehovah our righteousness, a name given to the Savior, and through him to his church, Jeremiah 23:6 ; 33:16
Hid'da-i - (for the rejoicing of Jehovah ), one of the thirty-seven heroes of David's guard
Habazini'ah - (light of Jehovah ), apparently the head of one of the families of the Rechabites
Jesa'Iah - (salvation of Jehovah )
Jeberechi'ah - (whom Jehovah blesses ), father of a certain Zechariah, in the reign of Ahaz, mentioned ( Isaiah 8:2 ) (B
Joz'Adak - (whom Jehovah has made just )
Haza'Iah - (whom Jehovah sees ), a man of Judah of the family of the Shilonites, or descendants of Shelah
ne'ri, - short form for NERIAH (Jehovah is my lamp ) son of Melchi and father of Salathiel, in the genealogy of Christ
Ishi'Jah - (whom Jehovah lends ), a lay Israelite of the Bene-Harim who had married a foreign wife
Jah - An abbreviated form of Jehovah
Uzzi'a - (strength of Jehovah ), one of David's guard, and apparently a native of Ashtaroth beyond Jordan
ja-Azi'ah - (whom Jehovah comforts ), apparently a third son, or a descendant, or Merari the Levite
Conani'ah - (made by Jehovah ), one of the chiefs of the Levites in the time of Josiah
Hashab'Nah - (whom Jehovah regards ), one of the chief of the "people" who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah
Hoham - Jehovah impels, the king of Hebron who joined the league against Gibeon
Jah'ma-i - (whom Jehovah guards ), a man of Issachar, one of the heads of the house of Tolah
ri'ba-i, - (pleader with Jehovah ), the father of Ittai the Benjamite, of Gibeah
ma'Tri - (rain of Jehovah ), a family of the tribe of Benjamin, to which Saul the King of Israel belonged
Bukki'ah - (wasting from Jehovah ), a Kohathite Levite, of the sons of Heman, one of the musicians in the temple
Hosh'Ama - (whom Jehovah hears ), one of the sons of Jeconiah or Jehoiachin, the last king but one of Judah
Jehovah-Shalom - But seen with an eye to Christ, it is eminently blessed; here, indeed, Jehovah, in the covenant of peace founded in Christ before all worlds, may, and must be called, in the strongest emphasis, Jehovah SHALOM
Zachariah - ("remembered by Jehovah". Did evil in the sight of Jehovah as his fathers, worshipping Jeroboam's calves
Adonist - ) One who maintains that points of the Hebrew word translated "Jehovah" are really the vowel points of the word "Adonai
Alleluia - The Greek form (Revelation 19:1,3,4,6 ) of the Hebrew Hallelujah = Praise ye Jehovah, which begins or ends several of the psalms (106,111,112,113, etc
Jaalam - ("hidden by Jehovah"
Rehabi'ah - (enlarged by Jehovah ), the only son of Eliezer the son of Moses
Elihoe'na-i - (my eyes are toward Jehovah ), son of Zerahiah, who with 200 men returned from the captivity with Ezra
Ath'la-i - (whom Jehovah afflicts ), one of the sons of Bebai, who put away his foreign wife at the exhortation of Ezra
Hosts, Lord of - It came in with prophetic testimony, faith laying hold of Jehovah's glory when Israel had corrupted themselves, and were in a weak and low estate. We read of 'the God of hosts' only a few times comparatively; it is mostly 'Jehovah of hosts,' and at times 'Jehovah God of hosts,' showing that it is in connection with Israel that God revealed Himself under this name. Jehovah of hosts dwelt between the cherubim. In Psalm 24:10 the Lord Jesus is shown to be "Jehovah of hosts: he is the king of glory:" cf
Tob-Adonijah - Good is Jehovah, my Lord, a Levite sent out by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people of Judah in the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Jehoash - Jehoash (je-hô'ash), whom Jehovah bestowed
Jehovahshammah - Name, signifying 'Jehovah is there,' to be given to Jerusalem, when it is brought into full blessing in the millennium
Beulah - The land of Palestine shall be called Beulah, which signifies 'married,' when the set time comes for Jehovah to bless Israel
Ishma'Iah - (Jehovah hears ), son of Obadiah; the ruler of the tribe of Zebulun in the time of King David
Adla'i - (justice of Jehovah ), Ancestor of Shaphat, the overseer of David's herds that fed in the broad valleys
ja-a'zi-el - (whom Jehovah comforts ), one of the Levites appointed by David to perform the musical service before the ark
Jecholi'ah - (strong through Jehovah ) wife of Amaziah king of Judah, and mother of Azariah or Uzziah his successor
Mas'Sah - (temptation ), a name given to the spot, also called Meribah, where the Israelites tempted Jehovah
ra-Ami'ah - (thunder of Jehovah ), one of the chiefs who returned with Zerubbabel
Jeho-ad'Dan - (Whom Jehovah adorns ), queen to King Josiah, and mother of Amaziah of Judah
Amasi'ah - (whom Jehovah bears ), son of Zichri and captain of 200,000 warriors of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Jos'Abad - (whom Jehovah bestows ), properly JOZABAD the Gederathite, one of the warriors of Benjamin who joined David at Ziklag
jo'Ahaz - (whom Jehovah holds ), the father of Joah, the chronicler or keeper of the records to King Josiah
Jor'a-i - (whom Jehovah teaches ), one of the Gadites dwelling at Gilead in Bashan, in the reign of Jothan king of Judah
ba-Asei'ah, - (work of Jehovah ), a Gershonite Levite, one of the forefathers of Asaph the singer
ma'Onites, the, - a people mentioned in one of the addresses of Jehovah to the repentant Israelites, (Judges 10:12 ) elsewhere in the Authorized Version called Mehunim
Zephaniah - Zephaniah (zĕph'a-nî'ah), Jehovah hides. 1:14, 15, "The great day of Jehovah is near" (in the Latin version Dies iræ, dies illa), has furnished the basis for the sublime hymn of the Middle Ages, the Dies Iræ ascribed to Thomas a Celano, and often translated
Mebunnai - Construction, building of Jehovah, one of David's bodyguard (2 Samuel 23:27 ; comp 21:18); called Sibbechai and Sibbecai (1 Chronicles 11:29 ; 27:11 )
Maaziah - Strength or consolation of Jehovah
Chenaiah - Whom Jehovah hath made
Jah'le-el - (hoping in Jehovah ), the third of the three sons of Zebulun, ( Genesis 46:14 ; Numbers 26:26 ) founder of the family of Jahleelites
Ismachi'ah - (whom Jehovah upholds ), a Levite who was one of the overseers of offerings during the revival under King Hezekiah
Ismachi'ah - (whom Jehovah upholds ), a Levite who was one of the overseers of offerings during the revival under King Hezekiah
Jeho'Vah-Nis'si - (Jehovah my banner ), the name given by Moses to the altar which he built in commemoration of the discomfiture of the Amalekites
Anai'ah - (whom Jehovah answers )
Jahvism - (1):...
The religion or worship of Yahweh (Jehovah), or the system of doctrines, etc
Jah'da-i - (whom Jehovah directs ), a man who appears to be thrust abruptly into the genealogy of Caleb, as the father of six sons
Jezrahi'ah - (produced by Jehovah ), a Levite, the leader of the choristers at the solemn dedication of the wall of Jerusalem under Nehemiah
Hen (2) - As "the eagle stirring up her nest, fluttering over her young, spreading abroad her wings, taking, bearing them on her wings," represents the Old Testament aspect of Jehovah in relation to Israel under the law (Deuteronomy 32:11), so the "hen," Christ the lowly loving Son of God gathering God's children under His overshadowing wing, in the gospel (Ruth 2:12; Psalms 17:8; Psalms 91:4). ) So Jehovah "passed over", or sprang forward to overshadow Israel from the destroying angel (Exodus 12:13)
Baali - Israel had attributed to Baalim the blessings Jehovah had given them: Jehovah said He would strip them of those mercies to show them their folly
Adonai - The Jews, who either out of respect or superstition do not pronounce the name of Jehovah, read Adonai in the room of it, as often as they meet with Jehovah in the Hebrew text
Most High - MOST HIGH, MOST HIGHEST...
We find frequent mention made, in holy Scripture, of the Lord Jehovah under these appellations; and very blessed and proper they are, when speaking of him. The latter of them, except with an eye to him, would be a breach of grammar, but becomes beautiful, in compounding two superlatives, in reference to the Lord Jehovah, of whom it must be truly said, without exceeding the bounds of language, as one of the sacred writers expresseth it, "There is no end of his greatness
Baali - My lord, a title the prophet (Hosea 2:16 ) reproaches the Jewish church for applying to Jehovah, instead of the more endearing title Ishi, meaning "my husband
Igdali'ah - (whom Jehovah makes great ), a prophet or holy man --"the man of God" --named once only, ( Jeremiah 36:4 ) as the father of Hanan
Barachias - (băr'a-kî'as), whom Jehovah hath blessed
Kal'la-i - (swift servant of Jehovah ), a priest in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua
Jecami'ah - (whom Jehovah gathers ), one of seven who were introduced into the royal line, on the failure of it in the person of Jehoiachin
Habai'ah, - (whom Jehovah hides )
Jehovah-Shalom - Jehovah send peace, the name which Gideon gave to the altar he erected on the spot at Ophrah where the angel appeared to him (Judges 6:24 )
Rizpah - A three years’ famine was divined to be due to the displeasure of Jehovah at the slaughter of the Gibeonites by Saul. When David inquired what expiation he should make, the Gibeonites refused money compensation, but demanded descendants of Saul to expose before Jehovah. Rizpah spread sackcloth on the rock, a sign that the land repented, and watched the dead till the anger of Jehovah relented and the rain came
Jehovah Jireh - ) ("Jehovah will see or provide". " He perceives he has uttered an unconscious prophecy, and that the Elohim in whom he trusted has proved Himself Jehovah , in covenant with His people; so that the phrase became a Hebrew proverb, "In the mount (as He provided for Abraham in his' extremity) Jehovah will provide" (for us also in our every extremity). The meaning of Mori-jah," the seeing of Jehovah," implies that it originated in this saying of Abraham, and that "Moriah" in Genesis 22:2 is used by anticipation
Hodijah - Majesty of Jehovah
Jozabad - Whom Jehovah bestows
Nethaniah - ("Jehovah-given"
Ammi - My people, a name given by Jehovah to the people of Israel (Hosea 2:1,23
Anani'ah - (protected by Jehovah ) probably a priest, and ancestor of Azariah, who assisted in rebuilding the city wall in the days of Nehemiah
Mat'Tanah - (gift of Jehovah ), a station the latter part of the wandering of the Israelites
Anani'ah - (protected by Jehovah ) probably a priest, and ancestor of Azariah, who assisted in rebuilding the city wall in the days of Nehemiah
Cloud - When they constructed the tabernacle Jehovah promised to appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. On special occasions Jehovah came down in a cloud, and spake unto Moses. At the dedication of the temple 'the cloud' filled the house so that the priests could not minister because of the cloud: "for the glory of Jehovah had filled the house of Jehovah. ' The word does not occur in scripture, but is often used by Jewish and Christian writers as signifying the dwelling or resting place of Jehovah
Jealousy, - "Jehovah, whose name is jealous, is a jealous God. ...
Moses speaks of Jehovah provoking Israel to jealousy by their seeing Gentiles coming into blessing. ...
THE IMAGE OF JEALOUSY, which provoketh to jealousy, was seen in a vision by the prophet, set up in the temple (Ezekiel 8:3-5 ), as when Manasseh set up the graven image in the house of Jehovah, 2 Kings 11:7 ; though doubtless by the scope of the prophecy reference is made to secret idolatry in connection with the service of the temple, and to secret idols in the hearts of those who were professedly the worshippers of God: such would assuredly provoke the jealousy of Jehovah. It pointed figuratively to the question of Israel's unfaithfulness to Jehovah
Moriah - (See Jehovah JIREH; GERIZIM. ) What Jehovah has made one see (this hophal mowreh occurs four times in the Pentateuch, nowhere in later books) "the vision of Jehovah". The proverb "in the Mount of Jehovah it (or He) shall be seen" probably originated in Jerusalem under Melchizedek. Jehovah's vision to David in the same spot, before the preparation for building the temple there, revived the name Moriah (2 Samuel 24:16; 2 Samuel 24:24-25. ) The threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite was the spot on which David reared an altar by Gad's direction from Jehovah. The Angel of Jehovah had stood by Araunah's threshing floor; there David saw Him, and Araunah (Ornan) also, subsequently on turning back, saw Him and hid himself. ...
Jehovah testified His acceptance of David's sacrifice there by sending down fire to consume it (Leviticus 9:24; 1 Kings 18:24; 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Chronicles 7:1)
Jozachar - Jehovah-remembered, one of the two servants who assassinated Jehoash, the king of Judah, in Millo (2 Kings 12:21 )
Zilthai - , protection) of Jehovah
Hallelujah - ) Praise ye Jehovah; praise ye the Lord; - an exclamation used chiefly in songs of praise or thanksgiving to God, and as an expression of gratitude or adoration
Hodi'ah - (majesty of Jehovah ), one of the two wives of Ezra, a man of Judah
Jehovah-Shammah - Jehovah is there, the symbolical title given by Ezekiel to Jerusalem, which was seen by him in vision (Ezekiel 48:35 )
Jehovah-Tsidkenu - Jehovah our rightousness, rendered in the Authorized Version, "The LORD our righteousness," a title given to the Messiah (Jeremiah 23:6 , marg
Othni - A lion of Jehovah, a son of Shemaiah, and one of the temple porters in the time of David (1 Chronicles 26:7 )
Ancient of Days - An expression applied to Jehovah three times in the vision of (Daniel 7:9,13,22 ) in the sense of eternal
Jehizki'ah - (Jehovah strengthens ), son of Shallum, one of the heads of the tribe of Ephraim in the time of Ahaz
Hasadi'ah - (loved by Jehovah ) one of a group of five persons among the descendants of the royal line of Judah, ( 1 Chronicles 3:20 ) apparently sons of Zerubbabel
Athai'ah - (whom Jehovah made ), a descendant of Pharez, the son of Judah, who dwelt at Jerusalem after the return from Babylon, ( Nehemiah 11:4 ) called UTHAI in (1 Chronicles 9:4 )
Joch'Ebed - (whose glory is Jehovah ), the wife and at the same time the aunt of Amram and the mother of Moses and Aaron
Jedidiah - Beloved by Jehovah, the name which, by the mouth of Nathan, the Lord gave to Solomon at his birth as a token of the divine favour (2 Samuel 12:25 )
Heath - Hebrew aroer , arar ; Arabic dnax ; the Juniper sabina or Juniper savin with small scale-like leaves, close to the stem, a gloomy looking bush on a sterile soil, symbolizing "the man that trusteth in man and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord" (Jeremiah 17:6); the Hebrew means "naked"; such is he whose defense is other than Jehovah, a shrub in a barren soil, contrasted with the "tree spreading out her roots by the river," i. the man that trusteth in Jehovah (Jeremiah 17:7-8; compare Jeremiah 48:6, margin)
Meshelemiah - Friendship of Jehovah, a Levite of the family of the Korhites, called also Shelemiah (1 Chronicles 9:21 ; 26:1,2,9,14 )
Amasiah - , "sustained by") Jehovah, the "son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself unto the Lord," a captain over thousands under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:16 ; Compare Judges 5:9 )
Ancient of Days - The everlasting Jehovah, as contrasted with the ephemeral transitoriness of the four successive world powers, stable as they seemed for a time
Ishi'ah - (whom Jehovah lends ), the fifth of the five sons of Izrahiah, one of the heads of the tribe of Issachar in the time of David
jo'ha - (Jehovah gives life )
Joz'Achar - (whom Jehovah has remembered ), one of the murderers of Joash king of Judah
Onan - Second son of Judah by a Canaanitess, 'daughter of Shua': he was slain by Jehovah for his sin
Elohist - ) The writer, or one of the writers, of the passages of the Old Testament, notably those of Elohim instead of Jehovah, as the name of the Supreme Being; - distinguished from Jehovist
Zith'ri - (protection of Jehovah ), properly Sithri; one of the sons of Uzziel the son of Kohath
a'Zal, - a name only occurring in (Zechariah 14:5 ) It is mentioned as the limit to which the ravine of the Mount of Olives will extend when "Jehovah shall go forth to fight
Mikne'Iah - (possession of Jehovah ), one of the Levites of the second rank, gatekeepers of the ark, appointed by David to play in the temple band "with harps upon Sheminith
Jedidiah - Jedid-Jah, ("darling of Jehovah"), name given by God through Nathan the prophet to Solomon (2 Samuel 12:25) combining David's own name (Jedid akin to David "beloved") and Jehovah's; a pledge of David's restoration to God's favor after his fall in the matter of Bathsheba, implying the union of the earthly and the heavenly king. God commissioned Nathan, and Nathan called his name Jedidiah "because of Jehovah," i. because Jehovah loved him; the fact of Jehovah's love (in contrast to the firstborn child, the fruit of sin, therefore taken away in God's just displeasure), not the mere name, was the object of the commission
the Angel of the Lord - or the Angel Jehovah, a title given to Christ in his different appearances to the patriarchs and others in the Old Testament. ...
When the Angel of the Lord found Hagar in the wilderness, "she called the name of Jehovah that spake to her, Thou God seest me. "—JEHOVAH appeared unto Abraham in the plains of Mamre. " One of the three is called Jehovah. " After one of these manifestations, Jacob says, "I have seen God face to face;"...
and at another, "Surely the Lord (JEHOVAH) is in this place. " The same Jehovah was made visible to Moses, and gave him his commission; and God said, "I AM THAT I AM; thou shalt say to the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. " The same Jehovah went before the Israelites by day in a pillar of cloud, and by night in a pillar of fire; and by Him the law was given amidst terrible displays of power and majesty from mount Sinai. "I am the Lord (JEHOVAH) thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage: Thou shalt have no other gods before me," &c. The collation of a few passages, or of the different parts of the same passages, of Scripture, will show that Jehovah, and "the Angel of the Lord," when used in this eminent sense, are the same person. Jacob says of Bethel, where he had exclaimed, "Surely Jehovah is in this place;" "The Angel of God appeared to me in a dream, saying, I am the God of Bethel. "The Angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven, and said, By myself have I sworn, saith the Lord, (JEHOVAH,) that since thou hast done this thing, in blessing will I bless thee. Stephen, in alluding to this part of the history of Moses, in his speech before the council, says, "There appeared to Moses in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, an Angel of the Lord in a flame of fire," showing that that phraseology was in use among the Jews in his day, and that this Angel and Jehovah were regarded as the same being; for he adds, "Moses was in the church in the wilderness with the Angel which spoke unto him in Mount Sinai. " There is one part of the history of the Jews in the wilderness, which so fully shows that they distinguished this Angel of Jehovah from all created angels, as to deserve particular attention. " This name must be understood of God's own peculiar name, Jehovah, I AM, which he assumed as his distinctive appellation at his first appearing to Moses; and as the names of God are indicative of his nature, he who had a right to bear the peculiar name of God, must also have his essence. So that he appears as the Jehovah of all the three dispensations, and yet is invariably described as a separate person from the unseen Jehovah who sends him
Meshelemiah - ("whom Jehovah repays"
Baal-Berith - Worshipped at Shechem by Israel after Gideon's death (Judges 8:33; Judges 9:4) "Baal in covenant", namely, with his worshippers; or perhaps a compromise, to combine Baal with the "covenant" of Jehovah
Propitiatory - ) The mercy seat; - so called because a symbol of the propitiated Jehovah
Telabib - Ezekiel remained there 'astonished' seven days with those in captivity, and there the word came to him from Jehovah
ma-Azi'ah - (consolation of Jehovah )
Jehdeiah - Rejoicer in Jehovah
Jehonathan - Whom Jehovah gave
Jehonadab - Jehonadab (je-hŏn'a-dăb), or Jonadab, whom Jehovah incites
Jochebed - Jochebed (jŏk'e-bĕd), whose glory is Jehovah
Urim - ) A part or decoration of the breastplate of the high priest among the ancient Jews, by which Jehovah revealed his will on certain occasions
Tetragrammaton - ) The mystic number four, which was often symbolized to represent the Deity, whose name was expressed by four letters among some ancient nations; as, the Hebrew Jehovah, Greek qeo`s, Latin deus, etc
Arau'Nah - (ark ), a Jebusite who sold his threshing floor on Mount Moriah to David as a site for an altar to Jehovah, together with his oxen
Jehonadab - Jehovah is liberal; or, whom Jehovah impels
Jehovah-Shalom - See Jehovah
Malcham - An idol worshipped by some Jews who also professed to worship Jehovah
Ananiah - Protected by Jehovah, the name of a town in the tribe of Benjamin between Nob and Hazor (Nehemiah 11:32 )
Shi'Sha - (Jehovah contends ), father of Elihoreph and Ahiah, the royal secretaries in the reign of Solomon
Jehoshua, Jehoshuah - He "called OSHEA the son of Nun Jehoshua," thus altering his name from 'Deliverance' to 'Jehovah is Saviour
Beulah - This word is used metaphorically of Judea, as of a land which, though desolated, Jehovah would again delight in, and it should be filled with inhabitants
Eli'ah - (my God is Jehovah )
Jesi'ah - (whom Jehovah lends )
Hashabni'ah - (whom Jehovah regards )
Lord - Jehovah, has been rendered in the English Bible LORD, printed in small capitals. The form "Jehovah" is retained only in Exodus 6:3 ; Psalm 83:18 ; Isaiah 12:2 ; 26:4 , both in the Authorized and the Revised Version. From a superstitious reverence for the name "Jehovah," the Jews, in reading their Scriptures, whenever that name occurred, always pronounced it 'Adonai . this is invariably used for "Jehovah" and "'Adonai
je'Sus -
The Greek form of the name Joshua or Jeshua, a contraction of Jehoshua, that is, "help of Jehovah" or "saviour
je'Sus -
The Greek form of the name Joshua or Jeshua, a contraction of Jehoshua, that is, "help of Jehovah" or "saviour
Jehez'Ekel - (whom God makes strong ), a priest to whom was given by David the charge of the twentieth of the twenty-four courses in the service of the house of Jehovah
Jehde'Iah - (whom Jehovah makes glad )
Jehoiarib - Jehovah defends, a priest at Jerusalem, head of one of the sacerdotal courses (1 Chronicles 9:10 ; 24:7 )
Calf Worship - But Aaron's golden calf he expressly calls, "thy Elohim which brought thee up out of Egypt"; and the feast to it "a feast to Jehovah" (Exodus 32:4-8; Exodus 32:17-19). Israel too had just seen that "upon Egypt's gods Jehovah executed judgments" (Numbers 33:4). What they yearned for therefore was not the vanquished Egyptian idols, but some visible symbol of the unseen Jehovah; the cherubic emblem, the calf or ox, furnished this. , which the Israelites were familiar with in Egypt, they transferred to Jehovah's calf image. Jeroboam's calves, which his exile in Egypt familiarized him with, and which he subsequently set up at Dan and Bethel similarly, were not set up to oppose Jehovah's worship, but to oppose His worship by Jeroboam's subjects at Jerusalem, lest they should thereby be alienated from him (1 Kings 12:26-29). It was notorious that it was Jehovah who delivered Israel out of Egypt; and, like Aaron, Jeroboam says of the calves, thereby identifying them with Jehovah, "Behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of Egypt. Baal worship breaks the first commandment by having other gods besides Jehovah. The calf worship breaks the second by worshipping Jehovah with an image or symbol; Rome's sin in our days. The prophets of the calves regarded themselves as "prophets of Jehovah" (1 Kings 22:5-6)
Mattathi'as - (gift of Jehovah ), the Greek form of Mattathiah
Jehovahtsidkenu - Name, signifying 'Jehovah our righteousness,' to be given to the Lord Jesus when He reigns over restored Judah and Israel in the millennium
Omega - The last letter of the Greek alphabet: with Alpha, the first letter, it is descriptive of Jehovah as the beginning and the ending of all purpose concerning man
Theocrasy - ) A mixture of the worship of different gods, as of Jehovah and idols
Jochebed - Jehovah is her glory, the wife of Amram, and the mother of Miriam, Aaron, and Moses (Numbers 26:59 )
Shir'Amoth - Jehovah )
Ishmaiah - Heard by Jehovah
Jehovah-Nissi - Jehovah my banner, the title given by Moses to the altar which he erected on the hill on the top of which he stood with uplifted hands while Israel prevailed over their enemies the Amalekites (Exodus 17:15 )
Husbandman - A title given to Jehovah in His relationship with Israel. In another metaphor, Jehovah let out a vineyard to Israel, and prepared it for fruit-bearing; but when He sent for the fruit, His servants were ill-treated and killed
Nethaniah - Given of Jehovah
Shebaniah - Whom Jehovah hides, or has made grow up
Shechani'ah - (dweller with Jehovah )
Jedidiah - Symbolical name, signifying 'Beloved of Jehovah,' given by God to Solomon, when an infant
Lord - The rendering of the two Hebrew words "Jehovah" and "Adonai
Shechani'ah - (dweller with Jehovah )
o'Ded - ) ...
A prophet of Jehovah in Samaria, at the time of Pekah's invasion of Judah
Reai'ah - (seen of Jehovah )
Red Sea - The Israelites greatly feared, but Moses said, "Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of Jehovah. ...
Pharaoh had not yet learned the power of Jehovah, and the Egyptians pursued them. God fought for the Israelites: He embarrassed the Egyptians, took off the chariot wheels, and thus so hindered them that they began to see that Jehovah was opposing them. ...
The faith of the Israelites was confirmed by the destruction of the Egyptians: they feared Jehovah, and believed Jehovah and His servant Moses. Jehovah shall reign for ever and ever
Zechariah - Zechariah (zĕk'a-rî'ah), Jehovah remembers. The first division contains visions and prophecies, exhortations to turn to Jehovah, and warnings against the enemies of the people of God. The book contains six specific references to Christ: 3:8; 6:12; 9:9; 11:12; 12:10; 13:7, representing him as a lowly servant, a priest and king building Jehovah's temple, the meek and peaceful but universal monarch, the shepherd betrayed for the price of a slave (thirty pieces of silver), the leader to repentance, and the Fellow of Jehovah smitten by Jehovah himself, at once the Redeemer and the Pattern of his flock
Nod - The region eastward of Eden, to which Cain fled from the presence of Jehovah
Massah - Trial, temptation, a name given to the place where the Israelites, by their murmuring for want of water, provoked Jehovah to anger against them
Behemoth - Jehovah calls the attention of Job to this wonderful animal that he might see the wisdom and power of its Creator
Zerahi'ah - (Jehovah has risen )
Remali'ah - (protected by Jehovah )
Ber'Achah, Valley of, - a valley in which Jehoshaphat and his people assembled to "bless" Jehovah after the overthrow of the hosts of Moabites
Jehosheba - Jehovah-swearing, the daughter of Jehoram, the king of Israel
Names in New Testament - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects
Elizabeth, worshipper of God
Gabriel, strong man of God
Gamaliel, God recompenses
Heli, Jehovah is high
Jesus, Jehovah saves
John, gift of God
Matthias, gift of Jehovah
Michael, who is like God?
Nathanael, gift of God
Timothy, honoring God
Zachary, Jehovah remembers
Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly
Asyncritus, incomparable
Bernice, victorious
Clement (Latin), kind
Eunice, victorious
Pudens, modest
Timon (Hebrew), honorable
Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror
Anna, grace
Caiphas, oppressor
Judas, praise
Malchus, ruler
Manahen, comforter
Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea
Philip, lover of horses
Prochorus, leader of a chorus
Salome, peace
Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father
Joseph, whom the Lord adds
Mnason, he who remembers
Onesiphorus, bringer of profit
Philologus, lover of words
Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer
Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle
Susanna, lily
Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth
Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo
Apollyon
Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter
Epaphroditus, beautiful
Hermes
Hermogenes
Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
New Testament, Names in - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects
Elizabeth, worshipper of God
Gabriel, strong man of God
Gamaliel, God recompenses
Heli, Jehovah is high
Jesus, Jehovah saves
John, gift of God
Matthias, gift of Jehovah
Michael, who is like God?
Nathanael, gift of God
Timothy, honoring God
Zachary, Jehovah remembers
Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly
Asyncritus, incomparable
Bernice, victorious
Clement (Latin), kind
Eunice, victorious
Pudens, modest
Timon (Hebrew), honorable
Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror
Anna, grace
Caiphas, oppressor
Judas, praise
Malchus, ruler
Manahen, comforter
Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea
Philip, lover of horses
Prochorus, leader of a chorus
Salome, peace
Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father
Joseph, whom the Lord adds
Mnason, he who remembers
Onesiphorus, bringer of profit
Philologus, lover of words
Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer
Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle
Susanna, lily
Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth
Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo
Apollyon
Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter
Epaphroditus, beautiful
Hermes
Hermogenes
Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
Manoah - The Angel of Jehovah appeared unto his wife, announcing that a son should be born to her, to be reared as a Nazarite. On her telling Manoah he entreated Jehovah to send again "the man of God" (as Manoah supposed him to be) to "teach what they should do unto the child to be born. The divine Angel told him (as Manoah thought He was a man and knew not He was the Angel of Jehovah, and He being jealous for God's honor would not accept it as man; compare Mark 10:18) he must offer his burnt offering to Jehovah. His wife with greater spiritual instinct replied: "if Jehovah were pleased to kill us, He would not have received a burnt offering at our hands, neither would He have showed us all these things, nor as at this time have told us such things
Pekahiah - Jehovah has opened his eyes
Mattena'i - (gift of Jehovah ), a contraction of Mattaniah
Jehovah-Jireh - See Jehovah
Jehovah-Nissi - See Jehovah
Bidkar - He executed the concluding doom pronounced by Jehovah on Ahab's son's son (1 Kings 21:29), Jehoram, by casting his body into Naboth's plat, after Jehu had pierced him with an arrow
Azaziah - Whom Jehovah strengthened
Sherebi'ah - (heat of Jehovah ) a Levite in the time of Ezra
Abia - ...
("Father Jehovah," i
Tobijah - One who returned from exile, apparently bringing treasures of gold and silver, of which crowns were made, to be "for a memorial in the temple of Jehovah
Eben-Ezer - A stone set up by Samuel after a signal defeat of the Philistines, as a memorial of the "help" received from Jehovah
Isshi'ab - (whom Jehovah lends )
lo-am'mi - (not my people ), the figurative name given by the prophet Hosea to his second son by Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, ( Hosea 1:9 ) to denote the rejection of the kingdom of Israel by Jehovah
Eben-e'Zer - (stone of help ), a stone set up by Samuel after a signal defeat of the Philistines, as a memorial of the "help" received on the occasion from Jehovah
Asahi'ah - (the Lord hath made ), a servant of King Josiah, sent by him to seek information of Jehovah respecting the book of the law which Hilkiah found in the temple, ( 2 Kings 22:12,14 ) also called ASAIAH
Kola'Iah - (voice of Jehovah )
Jehozabad - Jehovah-given
Zephaniah, Prophecy of - The prophecy opens with "I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith Jehovah. " God could see the followers of Baal still there, and the Chemarim (idolatrous priests, mentioned in 2 Kings 23:5 and Hosea 10:5 , margin ), and those who worshipped the host of heaven; and those that sware by Jehovah and by Malcham, or 'their king,' that is, Baal: cf. The people are addressed as a nation 'without shame' (instead of 'not desired'): they are called to seek Jehovah, if haply a remnant might be hidden in the day of His wrath. The nations of those mentioned in the previous chapter would be completely cut off; and then Jehovah says, Surely Judah will listen to Me! In the future, Jehovah, after punishing the nations, will turn to His people, and a remnant will be brought into blessing. The King of Israel, even Jehovah, will be in her midst, and she shall have a name and a praise among all the people of the earth. Christ is not, as in other prophecies, introduced here as the Messiah, but as Jehovah
Bride - A woman about to be married, or newly married, used symbolically for those who are closely associated with Jehovah or the Lord Jesus. Though the word does not occur in the Canticles, nearly the whole of that book is composed of discourses between a bridegroom and a bride — doubtless referring to Jehovah and the Jewish remnant: cf. As a bride adorns herself with jewels, Isaiah 61:10 , so would Jerusalem be adorned with Jehovah's righteousness and salvation
Goliath - He was slain by David with a sling and a stone in the name of Jehovah. He was a type of Satan, too strong for any to conquer except the one in the power of Jehovah, David being a type of the Lord Jesus
Call - The first passage in the Old Testament in which we meet with this phrase, is Genesis 4:26 , where we read, "Then began men to call on the name of the Lord," or Jehovah; the meaning of which seems to be, that they then first began to worship him in public assemblies. In both the Old and New Testament, to call upon the name of the Lord, imports invoking the true God in prayer, with a confession that he is Jehovah, that is, with an acknowledgment of his essential and incommunicable attributes
Rabshakeh - "...
Rabshakeh was a zealous pleader for his master, reckless of truth, glossing over the real miseries of deportation by Assyria (Isaiah 36:16-17), pretending to have Jehovah on his side, yet classing Jehovah with the idols of other lands overthrown by Assyria (Isaiah 36:18-20, liars need to have good memories), trying to rob the godly of their one only but sure trust in trouble, misrepresenting Hezekiah's faithful act in removing forbidden high places to Jehovah, as though he thereby had dishonored and so forfeited the favor of Jehovah (Isaiah 36:7), boasting of Assyria's might, as if, because Judah could not supply 2,000 riders if even Assyria supplied the horses, it were impossible the Jews could repel one of the least of Assyria's captains (Isaiah 36:8-9); in filthy and blasphemous language he threatens to reduce them to eat their own excrement in the extremity of famine (Isaiah 36:12; 2 Chronicles 32:11): a sample of the true nature of the pagan attack on Jerusalem, at once arrogant, blasphemous, and reckless of all decency
Joiarib - (Whom Jehovah defends) = Jehoiarib
Baalhanan - ) Contrast Johannes, "Jehovah is gracious
Gedaliah - Gedaliah (gĕd'a-lî'ah), whom Jehovah hath made powerful
Benaiah - whom Jehovah has built
Jehozadak - Jehovah-justified, the son of the high priest Seraiah at the time of the Babylonian exile (1 Chronicles 6:14,15 )
Jehovah Our Righteousness - The margin of our Bible hath preserved the original Hebrew, Jehovah Tzidkenu, in both places where meet with this glorious name of the Lord Jesus, (Jeremiah 23:6; Jer 33:16) and a most blessed and soul-comforting name it is for the present and everlasting joy of a poor sinner, conscious that in himself he is void of all righteousness. For doth any one ask the question—Wherefore we call Jesus Jehovah? The answer is direct; Jesus is not only Jehovah by reason of his own personal GODHEAD, but Jehovah the Father hath commanded his people to call him and to know him by that name. And if it be farther asked—Wherefore do you call him your righteousness? The answer is, Because he is so, and is the very righteousness in which all his people become justified before God; and in confirmation of it Jehovah hath commanded the people so to call him, and so to apprehend and know him. That Jesus is Jehovah in common with the Father and the Holy Ghost, the whole Bible confirms. (See but two passages among many that might be brought forward, 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21)...
But what I more particularly beg the reader to observe with me on this glorious name of our Redeemer, is, that Jehovah Jesus our righteousness is the very righteousness of his people. (See Jeremiah 33:16) Oh, the blessedness in that one title, Jehovah our righteousness!...
Onan - Slain by Jehovah for the unnatural means which he took to have no issue by his brother Er's widow, whom he had married according to the custom, to perpetuate the race (Genesis 38:4-9)
Mebun'na-i - (building of Jehovah )
Pela'Iah - (distinguished by Jehovah )
Mat'Tathah - (gift of Jehovah ), probably a contraction of Mattathiah
Jesus - Greek of Joshua, Jeshua, or Jehoshua ("salvation of Jehovah"): Acts 7:45; Hebrews 4:8
Jozachar - As Joash had forsaken Jehovah for foreigners' idols, so his doom was inflicted by two sons of foreign women
Farm - In Egypt the lands all belonged to the king, and the husbandmen were obliged to give him a fifth part of the produce; so in Palestine Jehovah was the sole possessor of the soil, and the people held it by direct tenure from him. By the enactment of Moses, the Hebrews paid a tithe of the produce to Jehovah, which was assigned to the priesthood
Sabaoth - (Romans 9:29 and James 5:4) Perhaps the word might be more properly read Zabaoth, armies, from Tzaba, army, (Jeremiah 11:20) And when joined to the incommunicable name of Jehovah, it forms together that glorious title The Lord of hosts, or armies. And when we call to mind that the whole creation of God are his armies, what a sense of greatness and glory do such ideas awaken in the mind! It may serve in some measure to teach us the reverence Moses, the man of God, endeavoured to impress the children of Israel with when he proclaimed Jehovah under these characters—"that thou mayest fear (said Moses) this glorious and fearful name, the Lord thy God
Name - The "name" of Jehovah is His revealed character toward us. Exodus 34:5-7; "Jehovah proclaimed the name of Jehovah . Jehovah Εlohim , merciful and gracious," etc. (See GOD; Jehovah
Micaiah - The 400 prophets whom Ahab gathered together to "inquire the word of Jehovah" (1 Kings 22:5) were prophets of Jeroboam's symbolic calf worship of Jehovah not of Baal. ) Jehoshaphat begged for some "prophet of Jehovah besides," unconnected with the calf symbolism forbidden by the second commandment. 6) says that it was Micaiah who predicted ("in the word of Jehovah," Haggai 1:13) death by a lion to the neighbor who would not smite him, and who, disguised with ashes, under the parable of one letting go a prisoner entrusted to him made Ahab in his hour of triumph, when the mortification would be the greater, condemn himself out of his own mouth, to lose his life for letting Benhadad escape (1 Kings 20:35-43). " Micaiah, though prompted to imitate their prophecies of good, would say only what Jehovah said (Numbers 22:38). Then, being adjured in Jehovah's name, Micaiah said "I saw all Israel scattered . as sheep that have no shepherd (quoted by the Lord Jesus Himself, Matthew 9:36, as it is previously the basis of Ezekiel 34:5; Zechariah 10:2), and Jehovah said, these have no master (Ahab falling), let them return every man to his house. " Instead of Moses' blessing on Ephraim awaiting Ahab, as Zedekiah had said, Moses' picture of what Israel would be at his death, "Jehovah's congregation as sheep having no shepherd," if no successor were appointed, would be realized (Numbers 27:17). ...
Micaiah therefore revealed the source unseen of the 400 prophets' falsehood; Jehovah, seen in real vision on His throne amidst His hosts, asked, who shall persuade Ahab to go up and fall at Ramoth Gilead? A lying spirit undertook to influence the 400 to Ahab's ruin (Zechariah 13:2; 1 John 4:6). Zedekiah, conscious that he had not invented his lying prophecy, smote Micaiah on the cheek, asking "which way went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak unto thee? . " Micaiah replied: "if thou return at all in peace Jehovah hath not spoken by me; hearken, O nations, every one of you"; appealing not only to Israel but to the Gentile world, to which Ahab had conformed, and which may heed, since Israel will not, so as when the event should come to pass to discern the truth of Jehovah (Micah 1:2)
Hallelujah - Praise ye Jehovah, frequently rendered "Praise ye the LORD," stands at the beginning of ten of the psalms (106,111-113,135,146-150), hence called "hallelujah psalms
Asahiah - Sent with Hilkiah to inquire of Jehovah concerning the book of the law found in the temple (2 Kings 22:12-14)
Baca Valley of - ' The blessedness of going up to the courts of Jehovah turns 'the valley of tears' into 'the fountain of joy' Psalm 84:6
Hanameel - Son of Shallum, and cousin of Jeremiah the prophet, of whom, when Jerusalem was besieged by the Chaldeans, the prophet bought a field, as a token that Jehovah would surely fulfil His word that houses, fields, and vineyards would be possessed again in that land
Gemariah - Gemariah (gĕm'a-rî'ah), whom Jehovah has perfected
Cuttings in the Flesh - It was customary among the heathen, who cut themselves for the dead and tattooed their bodies in honour of their gods: the Israelites belonged to Jehovah
Faithfulness - An infinite attribute of Jehovah; adapted to make perfect both the confidence of those who believe his word and rely on his promises, and the despair of those who doubt his word and defy his threatenings, Deuteronomy 28:26 Numbers 23:19 Psalm 89:33-34 Hebrews 10:23
Banner - Moses called the altar of thanksgiving, after Amalek's defeat, Jehovah NISSI, "Jehovah is my banner. " The altar is the pledge that Jehovah, in covenant with Israel, shall enable His people to defeat utterly Amalek and all his foes
Face - The sight of Jehovah, in his own unveiled glory, is inadmissible to mortals. But the manifestation of Jehovah, so as to identify his person and reality as the speaker, is as plain in those discoveries as that of seeing him face to face. " (1 Corinthians 2:13)...
But every difficulty is at once removed concerning seeing the face of Jehovah, by considering the person of the Lord Jesus in his mediatorial character and office, as the visible Jehovah. Thus for example;—when Jehovah promiseth to send his angel before the people, and commandeth them to obey his voice, he adds, "for my name is in him. " (Exodus 23:20-21) In whom but Christ, as Christ, was ever the name of Jehovah? So again, when it is said. " What word could this be but the uncreated Word, which was, in the after ages of the church, "made flesh, and dwelt among us?" (John 1:1-4) Surely, in these and numberless other instances, spoken of in the Old Testament Scripture, of Jehovah'S appearance, sometimes in the form of a man, and sometimes of an angel, the Lord Jesus is all along intended to be represented
She'va - (Jehovah contends )
Tibni - Building of Jehovah, the son of Ginath, a man of some position, whom a considerable number of the people chose as monarch
Shelemiah - Whom Jehovah repays
Baca, Valley of - , "or balsam trees"), probably a valley in some part of Palestine, or generally some one of the valleys through which pilgrims had to pass on their way to the sanctuary of Jehovah on Zion; or it may be figuratively "a valley of weeping
Immutability - In Malachi 3:6 we read, "I am Jehovah, I change not," and the Lord is " the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever
Hannah - Her song of praise on this occasion, 1 Samuel 2:1-10, is a magnificent hymn to the holiness and justice of Jehovah, and has been compared with the song of Mary
Jehovah-Jireh - Jehovah will provide, the name given by Abraham to the place where he had been on the point of slaying his son Isaac, Genesis 22:14
Hodi'Jah - (majesty of Jehovah )
jo-i'Arib - (whom Jehovah defends
Maaseiah - The work of Jehovah. Maase'iah, refuge is Jehovah, a priest, the father of Neriah (Jeremiah 32:12 ; 51:59 )
Jehozadak - Zedekiah("righteous is Jehovah"); Jehozadak ("Jehovah is righteous". ) It is suggestive that the names of the last king and of the representative of the high priesthood in the captivity both express that the suspension of the throne and of the priesthood was Jehovah's righteous judgment for Judah's sins; moreover Joshua or Jeshua, who restored the temple altar, expresses salvation; as the former Joshua led the hitherto homeless Israelites into Canaan their inheritance; and as Jesus, the Antitype, saves us from our sins and leads us into the heavenly rest
Almighty - I pause over the contemplation of this distinguishing name of Jehovah; desiring that the glories of it, and the fulness of it, may have their suitable impression upon my heart. This is the glorious name by which Jehovah in Christ chose to himself known to Abram
Gib'Eonites, the, - the people of Gibeon, and perhaps also of the three cities associated with Gibeon, (Joshua 9:17 ) --Hivites; and who, on the discover of the stratagem by which they had obtained the protection of the Israelites, were condemned to be perpetual bondmen, hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation and for the house of God and altar of Jehovah. (2 Samuel 21:1,2,5 ) This was expiated many years after by giving up seven men of Saul's descendants to the Gibeonites, who hung them or crucified them "before Jehovah" --as a kind of sacrifice-- in Gibeah, Saul's own town
Baal Perazim - "lord of breaches", where Jehovah broke forth on David's enemies, the Philistines, as a breach ("bursting forth") of waters (2 Samuel 5:20; 1 Chronicles 14:11). Compare Isaiah 28:21, "Mount Perazim"; once the idol Baal's high place, henceforth it was to be noted for Jehovah's bursting forth on David's idolatrous foes
Shemari'ah - (kept by Jehovah )
Taberah - ) A place in the wilderness of Paran where a fire from Jehovah consumed many Israelites at the outer edge of the camp, for their murmurings (Numbers 11:3; Deuteronomy 9:22)
Jehon'Adab - (whom Jehovah impels ) and Jon'adab, the son of Rechab, founder of the Rechabites, an Arab chief
Neri - Contracted from Neriah, "Jehovah is my lamp"; son of Melchi, and father of Salathiel (Luke 3:27)
Merathaim, the Land of - "of double rebellion", namely, the double captivity inflicted on Israel by Chaldoea (Jeremiah 50:21); referring also to Babylon's general accumulated rebellions against God (Jeremiah 50:17-20, especially Jeremiah 50:18), "Babylon, Assyria," (Jeremiah 50:33; Jeremiah 50:24; Jeremiah 50:29) "striven against Jehovah, proud against
Jehovah-Tsidkenu - Jehovah-TSIDKENU (‘J″ Hanes - City in Egypt to which the ambassadors of Israel were sent when they trusted in Egypt instead of in Jehovah
no-Adi'ah - (whom Jehovah meets )
Jehohanan - Jehovah-granted, Jeroboam II
Feast - But that oneness was primarily and chiefly a religious and not merely a political one; the people were not merely to meet as among themselves, but with Jehovah, and to present themselves before him as one body; the meeting was in its own nature a binding of themselves in fellowship with Jehovah; so that it was not politics and commerce that had here to do, but the soul of the Mosaic dispensation, the foundation of the religious and political existence of Israel, the covenant with Jehovah
Jehosh'Aphat, Valley of - (valley of the judgment of Jehovah ), a valley mentioned by Joel only, as the spot in which, after the return of Judah and Jerusalem from captivity, Jehovah would gather all the heathen, ( Joel 3:2 ) and would there sit to judge them for their misdeeds to Israel. (Joel 3:12 ) The scene of "Jehovah's judgment" as been localized, and the name has come down to us attached to that deep ravine which separates Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives, through which at one time the Kedron forced its stream. (Others suppose that the name is only an imaginary one, "the valley of the judgment of Jehovah" referring to some great victories of God's people in which judgment was executed upon the heathen; or perhaps, as Keil, etc
Majesty - Jehovah reigneth he is clothed with majesty. Psalms 93 ...
The voice of Jehovah is full of majesty
Salem - In Salem, saith the Psalmist, speaking of Jehovah, is his tabernacle, and his dwelling in Zion. Hence when Gideon was visited by the angel under the oak at Ophrah, at the close of the interview he built an altar unto the Lord, and called it Jehovah Shalom—that is, as the margin of the Bible renders it, the Lord send peace
Flour - Thus (Psalms 81:16) Jehovah is said to have fed his people with the finest wheat; meaning, the spiritual and distinguishing blessings he poured out upon them. Were not the whole of these offerings with an eye to Christ? Was not Jesus the first of the finest flour? And if the church, while presenting their offerings of the finest flour, with an eye to Christ, were in the appointments of the Lord, may we not, without violence to the original, suppose, that Jehovah feeding the people with the finest wheat had an eye to Christ?...
Jehoahaz - Jehovah his sustainer, or he whom Jehovah holdeth
Lamentations of Jeremiah - He appealed to the passers by: could they see such sorrow, caused by an affliction sent by Jehovah in His fierce wrath, and be unmoved by it? Lamentations 1:12 . Then he adds that Jehovah in these dealings was righteous, for they had rebelled against His commandments. The prophet details his personal sufferings: they were like the sympathetic sufferings of Christ spoken of elsewhere; but in Lamentations 3:22 the prophet remembers the mercies of Jehovah, and expresses his hope in Him. Jehovah will not cast off for ever, and He does not afflict willingly. The prophet then calls for repentance and a turning to Jehovah. Jeremiah as in the presence of Jehovah spreads out all the humiliating reverses that had fallen upon them, mentioning separately the Nazarites, the prophets, the priests, and the people; and then he foretells that God's wrath should pass also unto Edom, who had doubtless rejoiced at the calamities of Jerusalem
Jezabel - She was a Sidonian princess, a fanatical devotee of the Phenician deities, the worship of which she imposed on Israel, persecuting the prophets of Jehovah
Jezebel - She was a Sidonian princess, a fanatical devotee of the Phenician deities, the worship of which she imposed on Israel, persecuting the prophets of Jehovah
Berechiah - Blessed by Jehovah
Mattithiah - Gift of Jehovah
Madmenah - " This verse has, however, been interpreted as meaning "that Moab will be trodden down by Jehovah as teben [1] is trodden to fragments on the threshing-floors of Madmenah
Azal - ) The limit to which "the valley" or cleft of the mount of Olives will extend, when Jehovah shall go forth to fight against those nations which shall have assailed Jerusalem
Tower - The term is also used symbolically: "the name of Jehovah is a strong tower
Hornet - In Scripture the hornet is referred to only as the means which Jehovah employed for the extirpation of the Canaanites
Chant - To celebrate in song as, to chant the praises of Jehovah
Hallelujah - In the New Testament, ALLELUIAH, Praise ye Jehovah
Israel - Who prevails with God, a name given to Jacob, after having wrestled with the Angel-Jehovah at Penuel
Hoshai'ah - (whom Jehovah aids )
Jehovah-Jireh - Jehovah will see; i
Ribband of Blue - This was to be worn by the Israelites on the borders of their garments that they might look upon it, and remember the commandments of Jehovah, and do them
Micaiah - Who is like Jehovah?, the son of Imlah, a faithful prophet of Samaria (1 Kings 22:8-28 ). Jehoshaphat agreed, but suggested that inquiry should be first made "at the word of Jehovah
Jesus Christ - Hence the Hebrews call him, Jehoshuah, or Joshua, or Joshuah, he who shall save; and as Christ means, anointed of Jehovah, the Sent, the Sealed of the Father; full of grace and truth; both names together carry this blessed meaning with them, Jesus Christ the Saviour of the world by the anointing of Jehovah to all the purposes, of salvation
Hashabiah - Regarded by Jehovah
Delaiah - Freed by Jehovah
Pethahiah - Levite who called upon the people to bless Jehovah
Jehovah-Shammah - Jehovah-SHAMMAH (‘J″ Pethahi'ah - (freed by Jehovah )
Hodavi'ah - (Praise ye Jehovah )
ne-Ari'ah - (servant of Jehovah )
Jeshaiah - Deliverance of Jehovah
Tabernacle - ...
The Holy Ghost by the apostle informs the church, that this tabernacle of the human nature of Christ was the dwelling place of Jehovah. What a blessed soul-refreshing view of the Lord Jesus as Jehovah'S Tabernacle, is this!...
And what endears it yet more is, that the Holy Ghost immediately adds in the following Scripture, concerning the church's interest and completeness in him, "And ye are complete in him. Behold Jesus, (yea thy Jesus, if so be united to him by the Holy Ghost) in his mediatorial fulness as the Tabernacle of Jehovah. Here to this one glorious individual person, the Christ of God, Jehovah communicates his personality, his subsistence, or to use the words of Scripture: "in him dwelleth all the fulness of the GODHEAD bodily. " And by virtue of Christ's human nature, to which his whole body, the church, is united; all, and every individual member, the weakest and humblest, as well as the strongest and the highest, have their completeness in the justifying righteousness of his person to bear them up, and bring them on before Jehovah, in grace here, and to bear them home, and bring them in before Jehovah in his three-fold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, in glory for evermore
God - Throughout the Hebrew Scriptures two chief names are used for the one true divine Being--ELOHIM, commonly translated God in our version, and Jehovah , translated Lord . Jehovah denotes specifically the one true God, whose people the Jews were, and who made them the guardians of his truth. The name is never applied to a false god, nor to any other being except one, the ANGEL-JEHOVAH who is thereby marked as one with God, and who appears again in the New Covenant as "God manifested in the flesh. The key to the meaning of the name is unquestionably given in God's revelation of himself to Moses by the phrase "I AM THAT I AM," ( Exodus 3:14 ; 6:3 ) We must connect the name Jehovah with the Hebrew substantive verb to be , with the inference that it expresses the essential, eternal, unchangeable being of Jehovah
Michal - ...
His ardor for her was certainly at first the same, as his keenness to claim her proves; but she alienated him from her forever by her cutting sneer when, after dancing with all his might before Jehovah, in a thin ephod with short-shoulder dress, as representative of the priestly nation, stripped of royal robes in the presence of the great King, "he returned to bless his household"; instead of pious and affectionate congratulations at the bringing up of Jehovah's ark to Zion, already "despising him in her heart" she came out to meet him, and said in bitter irony, "how glorious was the king of Israel today, who uncovered himself today in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovered himself!"...
Michal had teraphim (1 Samuel 19:13), but like Saul she had no regard for Jehovah's ark (1 Chronicles 13:3), and was offended at the king because in pious enthusiasm he humbled himself to the level of the priests and nation before Jehovah. David replied, mortifying her pride as a king's daughter: "it was before Jehovah who chose me before thy father and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of Jehovah, Israel; therefore will I play (or, have I played) before Jehovah, and I will be yet more vile . and base in my own sight; and along with (Hebrew) the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, along with them shall I be had in honor," namely, of Jehovah. Saul's pride and disregard of Jehovah caused his rejection, as now the same sins cause the rejection of Michal; just as, on the contrary, David's humility and piety toward Jehovah brought him honor before Jehovah. Therefore he is content to be held still more vile than Michal held him, and to be base in his own sight (Psalms 131:1), in order that thereby he may be honored by Jehovah (Matthew 23:12)
Physician - The sin of Asa was not, therefore, in seeking medical advice, as we understand the phrase, but in forgetting Jehovah
Joanna - Whom Jehovah has graciously given
Baal-Berith - " The name denotes the god of the covenant into which the Israelites entered with the Canaanites, contrary to the command of Jehovah (Exodus 34:12 ), when they began to fall away to the worship of idols
Michtam - Not "golden" as margin, but a "secret," conducting us into the depths of the divine life, "the secret of Jehovah" which is "with them that fear Him" (Psalms 25:14); from Hebrew "katham " to conceal, Arabic katama
Amram - , "friend of Jehovah
Handmaid, Handmaiden - These words often refer in scripture to a female slave, as applied to Hagar the Egyptian, Genesis 25:12 ; but were also used by women themselves as a term of humility, as when Hannah spake to Jehovah and to Eli, 1 Samuel 1:11,16,18 ; as Abigail to David, 1 Samuel 25:24-41 ; and by Mary and Elizabeth as handmaids of the Lord
Tobi'Jah - (goodness of Jehovah )
Shal'Lecheth - (overthrow ) , The gate, one of the gates of the "house of Jehovah
Ornament - Jehovah adorns His bride with His ordinances (Proverbs 1:8-9)
Peniel or Penuel - It received its name, the face of God, from Jacob's they're wrestling with the Angel Jehovah face to face, Genesis 32:30
Nethani'ah - (given of Jehovah )
o'Nan - " ( Genesis 38:4 ; 1 Chronicles 2:3 ) "What he did was evil in the eyes of Jehovah and he slew him also, as he had slain his elder brother
Jaaz-Aniah - Heard by Jehovah
Micaiah - When Ahab was joined by Jehoshaphat, and all Ahab's prophets foretold his success against Ramoth-gilead, Jehoshaphat asked if there was not yet another prophet of Jehovah of whom they could inquire. Jehovah said they had no master. ...
Then he relates that he had seen, probably in a vision, Jehovah sitting on His throne, and asking who would persuade Ahab to go to Ramoth-gilead and fall there. Ahab's four hundred prophets, and Jehovah's one prophet are an instance of the conflict of spirits , which the Christian is now called upon to try
Foundation - But in Scripture language it means Christ, the foundation God hath laid in Zion, and on which Jehovah hath built his church; and against which the gates of hell can never prevail. It is founded in the purpose, counsel and will of Jehovah. So that he, and he alone, in the purposes of Jehovah, gives certainty to all that is included in redemption, for grace here and glory to all eternity
God - It is worthy observation, that the Lord speaking of himself to Moses, (Exodus 6:2-3) saith, "I am Jehovah: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty (El Shaddai,) but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them. For certain it is, that very early in the church men began to call upon the name of Jehovah, (Genesis 4:26) And Abram told the king of Sodom, that he had lifted up his hand unto the Lord, the most High God. But certain it is, that never until this revelation by Moses, did the church understand how the incommunicable name of Jehovah became the security of fulfilling all the promises. And it is worthy farther of remark, that the very name Jehovah carries this with it; for it is an Hemantick noun, formed from Hayah, he was; as expressing his eternity. " (Deuteronomy 28:58)...
It is said in the history of the Jews, that after their return from Babylon, they lost the true pronunciation of this glorious name Jehovah. ...
(See Jehovah
Jealousy - The conception of idolatry as adultery and of Jehovah as the Husband of Israel led the OT writers frequently to speak of Him as a jealous God ( Exodus 20:5 , Deuteronomy 5:9 , Joshua 24:19 , 1 Kings 14:22 , Psalms 78:58 , Ezekiel 36:6 , Nahum 1:2 ). This jealousy is the indication of Jehovah’s desire to maintain the purity of the spiritual relation between Himself and His people. Extraordinary zeal for this same end is characteristic of the servants of Jehovah, and is sometimes called jealousy with them ( 2 Corinthians 11:2 , Numbers 25:11 ; Numbers 25:13 , 1 Kings 19:10 )
Alone - Thou whose name alone is Jehovah. ...
This sense at first appears to be adverbial, but really is not whose name single, solitary, without another, is Jehovah
Respect - So again, it is said, God is no respecter of persons, (Acts 10:34) Certainly not: for it is not the person of the believer, but the Lord Jesus Christ in that believer, or by virtue of Jehovah beholding the person of Christ in that believer, that is the sole cause of acceptation. This is a sweet thought! Though personally considered Jehovah hath no respect to the person of the poor believer, yet beholding and for his sake respects him in the Lord and blesseth him in Jesus
Mori'ah - (chosen by Jehovah ). A tradition which first appears in a definite shape in Josephus, and is now almost universally accepted, asserts that the "Mount Moriah" of the Chronicles is identical with the "mountain" in "the land of Moriah" of Genesis, and that the spot on which Jehovah appeared to David, and on which the temple was built, was the very spot of the sacrifice of Isaac
Jehovah - That this divine name, Jehovah, was well known to the Heathens, there can be no doubt. The Moors call their god Jaba, whom some believe to be the same as Jehovah. The Latins, in all probability, took their Javis, or Jovis Pater, from Jehovah. Jerom, and Eusebius, testify that in their time the Jews left the name of Jehovah written in their copies in Samaritan characters, instead of writing it in the common Chaldee or Hebrew characters; which shows their veneration for this holy name: and the fear they were under, lest strangers, who were not unacquainted with the Chaldee letters and language, should discover and misapply it
First-Fruits - They are mentioned in the Law as offerings to Jehovah (Deuteronomy 26), under the titles of gifts, tithes, sacrifices, etc
Mattaniah - Gift of Jehovah
Joah - Jehovah his brother; i
Thresholds, the - The "house of Asuppim," or simply "the Asuppim," is mentioned in (1 Chronicles 26:15,17 ) as a part, probably a gate of the enclosure of the "house of Jehovah," apparently at its southwest corner
Berachah, Valley of - ) Where Jehoshaphat and his people on the fourth day assembled to "bless" Jehovah for overthrowing the invading Ammonites, Moabites, Hagarenes, Edomites, and Amalekites who sought to "cut off Israel from being a nation" (Psalm 83; 2 Chronicles 20:26)
Zabdi - Gift of Jehovah
Moriah - Moriah (mo-rî'ah), chosen of Jehovah? 1
Shad'da-i - " By the name or in the character of El-Shaddai God was known to the patriarchs, ( Genesis 17:1 ; 28:3 ; 43:14 ; 48:3 ; 40:25 ) before the name Jehovah, in its full significance, was revealed
Abia Abiah or Abijah - Abia, Abiah, or Abijah (â-bî'ah or â-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah
Reph'Aiah - (healed of Jehovah )
Gemari'ah - (perfected by Jehovah )
Jehon'Athan - (whom Jehovah gave )
Othniel - It was in answer to Israel's cry that Jehovah raised up Othniel as their "saviour" (Psalms 107:13-19; Psalms 50:15). "The Spirit of Jehovah" came upon his human spirit, enabling him to accomplish what his natural strength could not. " "Judging" means lastly restoring Israel to its right attitude toward Jehovah, putting down idolatry (Judges 2:18-19; Judges 6:25-32)
Husband - ...
There will also be a union in a future day between Jehovah and Israel. There has been the putting away: Jehovah has said, "She is not my wife, neither am I her husband;" but there is a day coming when she will say, "I will go and return to my first husband. " Jehovah responds, "Thou shalt call me Ishi ," that is 'husband;' "and shalt call me no more Baali ," 'master
Wars - The principal wars recorded in scripture are, however, different: they are those of Israel in taking possession of Canaan for Jehovah as the Lord's host, and in maintaining their position in His land, for which they had divine instruction. ...
When Jehovah destroyed the army of Pharaoh in the Red Sea, He was called 'a man of war,' and this and other victories were recorded in "the book of the wars of Jehovah
Ineffable - (Latin: in, not; effari, to express) ...
Inexpressible, used: (1) of God, meaning that His perfections are so great that it is impossible to express them in words; ...
(2) of His Name, Jehovah (Yahveh, Yahweh), which, among the Jews in the Old Testament was held in such veneration that only priests were permitted to pronounce it in the sanctuary and even then in a low tone, the people using the substitute Adonai, Lord, Ruler
Sabaoth - ) It may designate Jehovah as either (1) God of the armies of earth, or (2) God of the armies of the stars, or (3) God of the unseen armies of angels; or perhaps it may include all these ideas
Jabneel - Jabneel (jăb'ne-el or jăb'neel), Jehovah causes to be built
Ahiah - Ahiah (a-hî'ah), friend of Jehovah
Admah - Jehovah, when speaking of His fierce anger against Ephraim said, "How shall I make thee as Admah?" Hosea 11:8
Genesis, the Book of - 1753), inferred from the varying use of the names of God, Elohim (E) and Jehovah (J), the existence of 12 documents or memoirs used by Moses in compiling Genesis. " Genesis begins with creation, then proceeds to show that the Elohim of creation is the Jehovah in covenant with His people in redemption. Appropriately therefore Εlohim (the name for Divine Might, from alah "mighty") occurs throughout the first general account of creation (Genesis 1:1-2:3); but Jehovah (Υahweh ), the faithful covenant keeping I AM, in the special account of creation affecting His covenant with man. ...
The names of God occurring are: ΕL , the shortened form of ΕLΟΗΙΜ ; ΕLΙΟΝ , "Most High" (only in Genesis 14:18 ΕL ΕLΙΟΝ , but in Psalms found alone, and with ΕLΟΗΙΜ and Jehovah Υahweh ); and SΗΑDDΑΙ "Almighty," in the Pentateuch generally with EL, The plural is that of excellence and majesty; Elohim combining in Himself the several attributes assigned to distinct gods by the pagan false gods as well as to the true God; and is the word used where pagan people, as the Egyptians, or foreigners, as Hagar, Eliezer of Damascus, the Egyptians, etc. But Jehovah is a proper name restricted to the one God in covenant with His people, and therefore is the predominant name in those sections which concern them. From Exodus 6:2-3, "I am Jehovah; I appeared unto Abraham, by the name of God Almighty (Εl Shaday ), but by My name Jehovah was I not known to them," rationalists infer that the passages in Genesis (e. Genesis 2) containing" Jehovah" were a later insertion. " Moreover, Jehovah is from haawah , the form of "to be" existing only in the oldest Hebrew previous to its separation from Syriac and Chaldee; for after the separation these two dialects have it, but the Hebrew has haayah not haawah . as the almighty One, able to do all I promised; but in My character of Jehovah, the unchanging I AM (Exodus 3:14), the fulfiller of My covenanted promises, I was not in act made known, as I am now about to make Myself known to My people. " In Genesis 2:4 to the end of Genesis 3 Jehovah ELOHIM are combined, marking that the mighty Creator is the same Jehovah who revealed Himself to Adam as subsequently to Moses. Eve's exclamation (Genesis 4:1), "I have gotten a man by the help of (Gesenius) Jehovah," marks her hope of her firstborn proving one link toward the birth of the Messiah covenanted by God to His people. Again, in Genesis 5:29, a so-called Elohistic portion, Jehovah occurs in connection with Noah, marking him as a second depository of the covenanted promise. Again, in Genesis 14 Melchizedek, the king-priest of the Canaanite Salem, worships EL ELION, "God must high," and Abram identifies Him with Jehovah the Hebrew' God of the covenant, "I have lift up my hand to Jehovah, EL ELION, possessor of heaven and earth
Nebuzaradan - By Nebuchadnezzar's direction, Nebuzaradan "looked well to Jeremiah," gave him his choice of going to Babylon or staying, then sent him with victuals and a present, to be protected by Gedaliah the governor left over Judah, after having first told the Jews "Jehovah hath done according as He hath said, because ye have sinned against Jehovah" (Jeremiah 39:11-14; Jeremiah 40:2-5). The pagan knew, through Jeremiah, it was Jehovah's doing; compare the prophecy, Deuteronomy 29:24-25
Immortality - IMMORTAL, IMMORTALITY...
Strictly and properly speaking, this can only be applied to Jehovah in his threefold character of person; for of Him, it is justly said, "who only hath immortality. " (Romans 2:7) But then, the striking and essential difference is here; Jehovah hath immortality in himself
Mediator - Such was Moses: he conveyed to the people the words of Jehovah, and carried to Jehovah the replies of the people
Jeho'Ahaz - Jehoahaz maintained the idolatry of Jeroboam; but in the extremity of his humiliation he besought Jehovah, and Jehovah gave Israel a deliverer --probably either Jehoash, vs
Rock - One is sela, 'an elevation of strength, immovable': used symbolically for Jehovah as the rock of His people: "Jehovah is my rock and my fortress
Elioenai - ("toward Jehovah my eyes are turned"
Maccabees - From the initials of Judas Maccabeus' motto, Μiy Κamowka Βe -'Εlohiym Υahweh , "who is like unto Thee, Jehovah, among the gods?" (Exodus 15:11
Hodiah - The same as Jehudijah (but Keil gives reason for Hodiah being a man (See JEHUDIJAH)) "the Jewess" (1 Chronicles 4:18), to distinguish her from his other wife Bithiah ("worshipper of Jehovah"), an Egyptian princess, daughter of Pharaoh, a convert from idolatry
Toi - David consecrated his presents to Jehovah
Jahaziel - Son of Zechariah, a Levite: the spirit of Jehovah came upon him to encourage Jehoshaphat against the Moabites
Abiram - A signal instance of how even the Israelites disregarded the word of Jehovah
Delai'ah - (freed by Jehovah )
Gideon - Prayer brought first a prophet from Jehovah to awaken them to a sense of God's grace in their former deliverances and of their own apostasy. Next the Angel of Jehovah came. Jehovah the Second Person Himself. Former judges, Othniel, Ehud, Barak, had been moved by the Spirit of God to their work; but to Gideon alone under a terebinth in Ophrah, a town belonging to Joash, Jehovah appeared in person to show that the God who had made theophanies to the patriarchs was the same Jehovah, ready to save their descendants if they would return to the covenants. ...
His second revelation was in a dream, commanding him to overthrow his father's altar to Baal and to erect an altar to Jehovah and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the Asherah ("grove") or idol goddess of nature, probably a wooden pillar (Deuteronomy 16:21). (See ASHTORETH) In the first revelation Jehovah acknowledged Gideon, in the second He commanded Gideon to acknowledge Him. As God alone, Jehovah will not be worshipped along with Baal (1 Kings 18:21; Ezekiel 20:39). The address, "Jehovah is with thee thou mighty man," seemed to Gideon, ruminating on the Midianite oppression which his occupation was a proof of, in ironical and sad contrast with facts. ...
"If Jehovah be with us why is all this befallen us?" alluding to Deuteronomy 31:17. Jehovah (no longer under His character. "Angel of Jehovah," but manifested as Jehovah) replied, "Go in this thy might (the might now given thee by ME, Isaiah 40:29), and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites; have not I sent thee?" Then followed the requested "sign," the Angel of the Lord with the end of the staff in His hand consuming with fire Gideon's "offering" (minchah ), not a strict sacrifice but a sacrificial gift), the kid and unleavened cakes (compare Genesis 18, the theophany to Abraham very similar). Gideon in gratitude built an altar and called it "Jehovah Shalom," a pledge of "Jehovah" being now at "peace" with Israel again (Jeremiah 29:11; Jeremiah 33:16). ...
The "second" in age of Joash's bullocks, "seven years old," was appointed in the dream for an offering to Jehovah, to correspond to Midian's seven years' oppression because of Israel's apostasy. the pitchers (a type of the gospel light in earthen vessels, 2 Corinthians 4:6-7), suddenly flash on the foe, and to cry "the sword of Jehovah and of Gideon," and to stand without moving round about the Midianite camp. Declining the proffered kingdom because Jehovah was their king, Gideon yet made a gorgeous jeweled ephod with the golden rings the Israelites had got as booty, besides the ornaments (verse 21, golden crescents or little moons), and collars (ear pendants), and purple raiment, and collars about their camels' necks. Gideon "kept" it in his city Ophrah; wearing the breast-plate, he made it and the holy 'lot his means of obtaining revelations from Jehovah whom he worshipped at the altar
Glorify - It is not very difficult to understand how Jehovah is glorified actively, when we give to him the glory that is due to his holy name. "Whoso offereth me praise, saith Jehovah, he glorifieth me. In short, in every way, and by every means, we may be said to glorify Jehovah when Christ, as the Christ of God, is exalted as the only Saviour of a lost world; and the soul lies low at the footstool of the throne of grace, ascribing "salvation only to God and the Lamb. ...
But then it should be carefully remembered at the same time, and never lost sight of, that all this, and ten thousand times more, in giving glory to Jehovah, doth not in fact add an atom to his glory. Sooner might light be added to the sun by a faint taper of the night, or sound to the thunder by the human voice, than that Jehovah can receive additional glory from any act, or from all the acts of his creatures, put them all together in one. ...
The reader will be pleased to observe, that in all I have here noticed of glorifying Jehovah, I have hitherto confined the subject to that part of the divine glory given to him by his church and people, under those two branches of it, actively and passively. The transcendent glory of Jehovah is in the person of Christ, as God-man Mediator. Here the whole glory of Jehovah, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, centres
Joel - Jehovah is his God
Alpha - "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end," or "the first and the last;" which is similar to a passage in Isaiah 41:4 : "I Jehovah, the first, and with the last; I am he
Shebani'ah - (increased by Jehovah )
Jonadab - Jonadab (jŏn'a-dăb), whom Jehovah impels
Porter - ...
In John 10:3 the Porter is the Spirit of Jehovah working in Israel, who recognised the Lord Jesus as entering in by the door into the sheepfold that as the Good Shepherd He might have access to the sheep
Nebuzaradan - He told Jeremiah, when he released him from his chains, that God had brought all this destruction upon Jerusalem because they had sinned against Jehovah, and had not obeyed His voice
Achan, Achar - Son of Carmi, of the tribe of Judah, who on the fall of Jericho kept some of its spoil, against the express command of Jehovah, hence called 'the accursed thing,' and was stoned to death with his family, and with his possessions burned with fire
ja-a'Zer, - (Jehovah helps ), a town on the east of Jordan, in or near to Gilead
Sabaoth - or rather Zabaoth, a Hebrew word, signifying hosts or armies, יהוה צבאות , Jehovah Sabaoth, The Lord of Hosts
ju'Piter - The Olympian Zeus was the national god of the Hellenic race, as well as the supreme ruler of the heathen world, and as such formed the true opposite to Jehovah
Berechi'ah - (blessed of Jehovah )
Nob - It was one of the places where the ark of Jehovah was kept for a time during the days of its wanderings
Jehoz'Adak - (Jehovah justifies ), usually called Jozadak or Josedech
jo'Ram - (whom Jehovah has exalted )
Jupiter - Antiochus Epiphanes (Daniel 8, 11), the Old Testament antichrist, to subvert the Jewish religion, dedicated the temple of Jehovah at Jerusalem to the Greek Olympian Jupiter
Baal, Baalim - Elijah however stood for Jehovah, and raised the question with Israel whether Jehovah was God, or whether Baal, and established the rights of Jehovah by fire from heaven
Naaman - He would offer no sacrifice to other gods, but only unto Jehovah. He now had an exercised conscience, and, fearing the consequences of making a stand against the world, he asked that Jehovah might pardon him when as a servant he went into the idol's temple with his master. The whole story is a beautiful instance of the grace of God going out to a heathen; the faith of the little maid who, though in captivity, did not forget the prophet of Jehovah, and who sought the welfare of those among whom her lot was cast, is also an interesting feature
Fat - As of all produce the first-fruits were offered to Jehovah, so of sacrifices the blood and the fat. The proper development of fat in the animal marked its perfection, it being the source of nutriment of which the animal economy avails itself in emergency; hence, its appropriateness as the offering to Jehovah. ...
"The whole fat tail was taken off hard by the backbone" where the pad of fat begins (Leviticus 3:9), for an offering by fire to Jehovah
Eternal - Very solemn, and yet very blessed, and full of the highest consolation, are those views of the eternity of Jehovah and his purposes in salvation. " (Deuteronomy 33:27) And Jehovah, in a threefold character of persons, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, is thus described in the eternity of his nature and essence, so Christ the Mediator, by virtue of the union of the manhood with the GODHEAD, is declared by Jehovah to be eternal
Teraphim - The Israelites used the teraphim for magic purposes and divination, side by side with the worship of Jehovah. Related perhaps to seraphim , the recognized symbol attending Jehovah; so perverted into a private idol meant to represent Him, a talisman whereby to obtain responses, instead of by the lawful priesthood through the Urim and Thummim
Jaazaniah - Stood as leader in the midst of the 70 ancients (elders) of Israel with censers in their hands, worshipping idols portrayed upon the wall of the court of Jehovah's house; seen by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 8:11). His very name, meaning" Jehovah hears," gave the lie to the unbelief which virtually said "Jehovah seeth not" (Ezekiel 9:9; Psalms 10:11; Psalms 10:14; Psalms 50:21; Psalms 94:7; Psalms 94:9)
Lawgiver - ]'>[2] gives ‘ruler,’ and in Isaiah 33:22 , where the parallelism shows the meaning ‘Jehovah is our judge, Jehovah is our lawgiver
Saviour - applied to Jehovah. God says, "All flesh shall know that I Jehovah am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob
Behold - Thus for example, the Lord Jehovah calls upon the church to regard with all possible attention, the person and character of his dear Son. "Behold, (saith Jehovah) my servant whom I uphold," etc
Word - "The word of the Lord" was a common phrase in the Old Testament, always denoting some revelation of Jehovah. Long before the coming of Christ, the Jewish paraphrasts of the Bible used "The Word" in the passage where Jehovah occurred in the original; and the term was familiar to Jewish writers as the name of a divine being, the Son of God
Nethinim - So the Levites were "given" (nethunim ) unto Jehovah instead of the firstborn, and by Jehovah "given" to Aaron (see Numbers 3:9; Numbers 8:16-19). The Gibeonites similarly, having obtained by craft a covenant from Joshua (Joshua 9:9; Joshua 9:27), "because of the name" and "fame of Jehovah, Israel's God," were made "hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation and altar. "...
The Nethinim were their successors; a larger number of servants of the sanctuary being needed when David was reorganizing the worship, he and the princes "appointed" (Hebrew, "gave") Nethinim for the service of the Levites (Ezra 8:20), probably from the prisoners taken in war, upon their embracing the worship of Jehovah
Rainbow - I know not how it is, but so it is, as if by natural instinct, as often as I see that beautiful arch in the heavens called the rainbow, I call to mind what Jehovah once said after the deluge: "I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth and it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud. For I cannot but conclude, that the bow Jehovah set in the cloud after the deluge, and the rainbow John saw in heaven round about the throne, and encircling or covering the head of the mighty angel, were all to the same purport, and all representing Christ. For surely Jesus is himself the covenant Jehovah hath made with our nature in the person of his dear Son. Notwithstanding, therefore, what some men tell us of the physical causes by which the rainbow, they say, is produced, yet still I desire to look at it as the result of higher purposes in grace, and to behold it in every renewed view as the sweet and glorious token Jehovah hangs out in the heavens of Jehovah'S covenant in Christ
Ormuzd - As a deity he stands far above both Hindu and Babylonian ideals and approaches the Judaeo-Christian conception of Jehovah
Theocracy - All the people were the servants of Jehovah, who ruled over their public and private affairs, communicating to them his will through the medium of the prophets. They were Jehovah's own subjects, ruled directly by him (Compare 1 Samuel 8:6-9 )
Joash - Whom Jehovah bestowed
Zebadiah - Gift of Jehovah
Compassion of God - This perfection of Jehovah is conspicuously displayed in the gift of his Son, John 3:16
Helmet - It is to be remarked that Jehovah (Christ) in a future day will Himself put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation, to avenge His people by punishing their enemies
Isa'Iah, - The Hebrew name signifies Salvation of Jahu (a shortened form of Jehovah), He prophesied concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, ( Isaiah 1:1 ) covering probably 758 to 698 B
ba'ca - (weeping ), The Valley of, A valley in Palestine, through which the exiled Psalmist sees in vision the pilgrims passing in their march towards the sanctuary of Jehovah at Zion
Jezani'ah - (whom Jehovah hears ), the son of Hoshaiah the Maachathite, and one of the captains of the forces who had escaped from Jerusalem during the final attack of the beleaguering army of the Chaldeans
Amon - He did evil in the sight of the Lord, as his father Manasseh had done, by forsaking Jehovah and worshipping idols
Tobiah - Pleasing to Jehovah, the "servant," the "Ammonite," who joined with those who opposed the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the Exile (Nehemiah 2:10 )
Baalzebub - Worshipped at Ekron; consulted by Ahaziah as to his recovery, for which Jehovah by Elijah declared he should die (2 Kings 1:2-3; 2 Kings 1:16)
Lord - In the Old Testament Greek version and those dependent on it, as the Vulgate in this matter, it is used in place of Jahweh (Jehovah), the proper name of God among the Israelites
el-Elohe-Israel - By it he implied that Jehovah, who was Abram's God, is also his God, as He had shown by bringing him safe back to Canaan as his inheritance
Jehovah - Jehovah (je-ho'vah), he will be
Bat - Their habitation becomes a fit emblem of darkness and offensiveness, a place to which men will cast their idols of gold and silver when Jehovah arises to deal with the earth
Treasury - A part of the temple was called 'the treasury,' in which were kept things consecrated to Jehovah, as the gold, silver, and vessels of brass and iron captured from Jericho
Wool - ' In the figurative language of Isaiah 1:18 undyed wool represents the state resulting from the removal of sin by Jehovah from His people; the sin being compared to that which had been dyed crimson
Od - ) The Supreme Being; the eternal and infinite Spirit, the Creator, and the Sovereign of the universe; Jehovah
Agagite - He was of that race with which Jehovah had sworn to have war for ever, and which Saul was directed to utterly exterminate
Baal-Berith - But what covenant? Was Israel so far gone in idolatry, as not only to set up an idol, but to insult Jehovah in his gracious covenant? To what an awful state is our nature reduced by the fall! Into what an awful apostacy may, and will, every man sink, void of grace! Reader, turn to that sweet covenant promine, Jeremiah 32:40
Od - ) The Supreme Being; the eternal and infinite Spirit, the Creator, and the Sovereign of the universe; Jehovah
ja-Azani'ah - (whom Jehovah hears )
Zachariah - Zachariah (zăk'a-rî'ah), remembered by Jehovah
Jehoz'Abad - (whom Jehovah gave )
jo'ah - helper) is Jehovah )
Hornet - In Scripture the hornet is referred to only by the means which Jehovah employed for the extirpation of the Canaanites
Hallelujah - Originally the word ‘hallelujah’ was a combination of parts of two Hebrew words, meaning ‘praise’ and ‘Jehovah’ (‘Yahweh’)
Elihu - ("God is Jehovah". He is the main human solver of the problem of the book, which ultimately is resolved, by Jehovah's appearance, into a question of His absolute sovereignty that cannot err. A Korhite Levite in David's time, door-keeper of the house of Jehovah, son of Shemaiah, of Obed-Edom's family (1 Chronicles 26:6-8), men of strength for service
Zebedee - His disinterestedness and favorable disposition towards Christ appear in his allowing without objection his sons to leave him at Christ's call; Zebedee ("gift of Jehovah") is equivalent in meaning to John (gift or favor of Jehovah); the father naturally giving his son a name similar in meaning to his own
Seraphim - Symbolical celestial beings seen by Isaiah standing above the Lord on His throne (Adonai, but many MSS read Jehovah ). " They cried to one another, "Holy, holy, holy is Jehovah of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory
na'Aman - " The expression in (2 Kings 5:1 ) is remarkable --"because that by him Jehovah had given deliverance to Syria. " The most natural explanation perhaps is that Naaman in delivering his country, had killed one who was the enemy of Jehovah not less than he was of Syria. " How long Naaman lived to continue a worshipper of Jehovah while assisting officially at the worship of Rimmon we are not told; ("but his memory is perpetuated by a leper hospital which occupies the traditional site of his house in Damascus, on the banks of the Abana
Gerizim - " Now in Genesis 22:14 he sees that "God" (the Εlohim whose resources he knew to be infinite) proves Himself to be Jehovah the Provider for the people in covenant with Him, "Jehovah-jireh. "...
The meaning of "Moriah" "what Jehovah has made one see", alluding to "the mount of the vision of Jehovah" (Genesis 22:14), favors the view that the name "Moriah" in Genesis 22:2 is used by anticipation, and originated in Abraham's words, Genesis 22:14
Plague - A special reason why in this case the natural background of the miracles should appear was in order to show that Jehovah was God of Egypt as much as of Israel, and rules "in the midst of the earth" (Exodus 8:22)...
By exhibiting Jehovah through Moses at will bringing on with unusual intensity, and withdrawing in answer to intercession at once and completely, the well known Egyptian periodical scourges which their superstition attributed to false gods, Jehovah was proved more effectively to be supreme than He could have been by inflicting some new and strange visitation. , as Jehovah saith (Exodus 12:12), "against all the gods of Egypt will I execute judgment" (Exodus 18:11; Exodus 15:11; Numbers 33:4). The plagues as they progress prove:...
(1) Jehovah's infinite power over Egypt's deified powers of nature
Shemaiah - A prophet under Rehoboam, commissioned to charge the king and his 180,000 warriors of Judah not to fight against their brethren of Israel, but to return every man to his house, instead of striving to regain northern Israel from Jeroboam (1 Kings 12:22; 2 Chronicles 11:2), for that the severance is Jehovah's doing; so they desisted in obedience to the Lord. Upon Rehoboam and his people forsaking Jehovah, and building high places, standing images, and groves, God sent Shishak of Egypt against Jerusalem; he then took all the fenced cities, and Shemaiah told Rehoboam and his princes, "thus saith Jehovah, Ye have forsaken Me, therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak. When Jehovah saw they humbled themselves He declared by Shemaiah, "I will not destroy them but grant them some deliverance, and My wrath shall not be poured out on Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak" (See REHOBOAM. Jeremiah on hearing Shemaiah's letter read by Zephaniah, who was less prejudiced against him, declared from Jehovah, "Shemaiah shall not have a man to dwell among this people, neither shall he behold the good" (namely, the future restoration from Babylon), "because he caused you to trust a lie" and "hath taught rebellion against Jehovah," namely, against God's revealed will as to the time of the restoration (Jeremiah 29:24-32, compare Jeremiah 29:10; Jeremiah 28:16)
Name - " (Psalms 9:10) —The sense is, that the right knowledge of the Lord can only induce a right dependance upon him: and in this sense, what a blessedness is there in the name of Jehovah! Hence Moses, towards the close of his ministry, admonisheth Israel to this proper apprehension concerning Jehovah. " (Deuteronomy 28:58) And what an infinite fulness is contained in this glorious and fearful name! Observe, not only The Lord, that is Jehovah in his threefold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, but Thy God, that is, God in covenant; so that in this view of the name of Jehovah, is included both his essence, nature, attributes, perfections, counsel, will, and purpose. See Jehovah under this particular. ...
I must not dismiss this view of the glorious and fearful name of Jehovah, of which we are so repeatedly told, in the word of God, the Lord is jealous, without first begging the reader to remark with me the very tender intimations the Lord gives of this name, in the person, work, and righteousness of the Lord Jesus Christ
Samuel - During the celebration of the yearly feast she vows that if God will give her a son she will give him to Jehovah. Samuel is therefore the son of answered prayer, and is in due time dedicated to the Temple service at Shiloh, where he assists Eli , is warned by Jehovah of the coming destruction of Eli’s house, and receives the call to the prophetic office. He is succeeded in the judgeship by unworthy sons, and Israel, outraged at their sinfulness and worthlessness, demands a king a proposition, in the estimation of Samuel, tantamount to a rejection of Jehovah, though no such suggestion was made when he voluntarily appointed Saul. Accordingly the people are assembled at Mizpah, again accused of forsaking Jehovah, and Saul is selected by lot (1 Samuel 10:17-24 ). 12), defends his administration, warns the people, by references to their past history, of the danger of disobeying Jehovah, and compels nature to attest his words by a thunderstorm in harvest time. For this rebellion Samuel informs him that his kingdom is forfeit, and that Jehovah has chosen another, a man after His own heart, to take his place. One by one the sons of Jesse are rejected, till David , the youngest, is brought from the field, and proves to be the choice of Jehovah (ch
Nimrod - "He was a mighty hunter before Jehovah," so that it passed into a proverb or the refrain of ballads in describing hunters and warriors, "even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before Jehovah. " Not a mere Hebrew superlative, but as in Genesis 27:7 "bless thee before Jehovah," i. " Septuagint translated "against Jehovah"; so in Numbers 16:2 lipneey , "before," means opposition. "In defiance of Jehovah," as virtually" before Jehovah" (Proverbs 15:11) means, Nimrod, a Hamite intruded into Shem's portion, violently set up an empire of conquest, beginning with Babel, ever after the symbol of the world power in its hostility to God. 1:4) and the tortures represent him as building, in defiance of Jehovah, the Babel tower
Messias - " The word is applied to the future Saviour in the Old Testament (Psalms 2), in telling of the conspiracy of the enemies of Jehovah and "his Christ
Shecaniah - One intimate with Jehovah
Blasphemy - An indignity offered to God by words or writing reproachful, contemptuous or irreverent words uttered impiously against Jehovah
Congregation - The Ammonite and the Moabite were forbidden ever to come into the congregation of Jehovah, and there were a few other restrictions
Fearful - ...
That thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, Jehovah, thy God
Visions - When Samuel was a child, before the word of Jehovah was revealed to him, for a time 'there was no open vision
Jehovah-Shammah - Lord! write Jehovah Shammah in our churches, in our hearts, in our houses, in our families!...
Beth-Shemesh - (See Numbers 4:5; Num 4:15; Num 4:20) How blessedly the Holy Ghost testifieth of Christ, that he took not upon him the office of High Priest uncalled of Jehovah A glorious consideration to all his people
Mizpeh - ...
Mizpeh and Tabor, in after-ages, were places which lay in the path from Samaria to Jerusalem; so that here the priests of the calves set spies, which Hosea the Prophet figuratively called nets, to catch the pure worshippers who ventured, in those dangerous times of idolatry, to go up to worship Jehovah at Jerusalem
Micah - His name is probably from Macac, poor, low, humble; though some read it Michaiha, and form it into a question, Who is like to Jehovah?...
Ashdod, Azoth - Here the ark of Jehovah triumphed over the Philistine idol Dagon, 1 Samuel 5:2
Abednego - Their virtue, wisdom, and piety secured their promotion at court, Daniel 1:3-19; Daniel 2:17-49; and their firmness in witnessing for God among idolaters, with their deliverance from the fiery furnace by Jehovah, led many to acknowledge the true God, and rendered these pious youths forever illustrious
Teraphim - The ancient teraphim appear to have been household gods, and their worship was sometimes blended with that of Jehovah, Judges 17:1-13
Zachari'ah - (remembered by Jehovah ), or properly Zechariah
Micha'Iah - (2 Chronicles 13:2 ) [1] ...
One of the princes of Jehoshaphat whom he sent to teach the law of Jehovah in the cities of Judah
Jon'Adab - (whom Jehovah impels )
Eli'hu - (whose God is he (Jehovah) )
Jochebed - ("Jehovah her glory"
Manoah - He was a worshipper of Jehovah, and a man of reverent piety; he was hospitable, like his ancestor Abraham; he shared the dislike of his people for the alien surrounding tribes, and strongly deprecated an alliance between his son and the Philistines. His wife was barren, but she was warned by a Divine messenger that she was destined to bear a son who was to be a Nazirite and dedicated to Jehovah
Yhwh - See God ; I Am ; Jehovah ; Lord . A latinized form of this was pronounced “Jehovah,” but it was actually not a real word at all
Shem - Shem is specially blessed: "Blessed be Jehovah, the God of Shem, and Canaan shall be his servant. This was verified by Jehovah being the God of the descendants of Shem through Abraham; the sons of Japheth (Gentiles) came into the tents for blessing
God - There are three principal designations of God in the Old Testament—Elohim, Jehovah (Javeh), and Adonai. , my Lord, is used where God is reverently addressed, and is always substituted by the Jews for "Jehovah," which they never pronounce. The sacred name Jehovah, or Yahveh, is indiscriminately translated, in the Common Version, God, Lord, and Jehovah
Hosea - Hosea's wife was symbolical of Israel who had been unfaithful to Jehovah. ' They will plead with their mother — Israel in the mass — and tell her that she was not the wife of Jehovah. She will be able to call Jehovah Ishi , 'husband,' and not Baali , 'master. They should be many days without a king, or a sacrifice, or even an idol (as is the state of Israel in the present day); but they will afterwards return, and seek Jehovah and their king, that is Christ. They had all sinned, and had been rebuked, but had not returned to Jehovah. Ephraim, instead of turning to Jehovah in his sickness, had sought the Assyrian — a king who could not cure them. The prophet touchingly appeals to the people to return to Jehovah: it must be in reality, and not merely in outward forms. Jehovah yearned over them and would not destroy them, for He is God, not man
Micah, Book of - Eventually there would be many nations come against Zion, but the daughter of Zion should beat them to pieces, and consecrate their spoils to Jehovah, the Lord of the whole earth: comp. "He shall stand and feed in the strength of Jehovah, in the majesty of the name of Jehovah his God; and they shall abide. "...
The Assyrian will appear at the close, but only to be destroyed; for Jehovah will have renewed His connection with Israel. Jehovah pathetically appeals to His people. The prophet takes the place of intercessor, and pleads with God for the people, lamenting their condition; but in faith he says, "I will look unto Jehovah; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me
Zechariah, Prophecy of - The point of the chapter is that Jehovah had returned to Jerusalem with mercies, and God's providential ordering of the nations would favour the building of the city. A man, the angel of Jehovah, on a red horse (the horse is a symbol of the energy of God's providential government in the earth) stands in the shade among the myrtle trees, and there were other horses, red, speckled, and white, as symbols of God's agency in the government of the earth: cf. Jerusalem is to be measured with the end in view of its being enlarged and inhabited as towns without walls — without limits: Jehovah will be a wall of fire round it, and will be the glory in its midst: cf. "After the glory" of Jehovah has been manifested on the earth (Zechariah 2:8 ), He will send to the nations and make a spoil of them that have spoiled Israel, whom He values as the apple of His eye: cf. Jehovah will dwell in the midst of His people, and many nations will be joined to the Lord: Jerusalem will be His earthly centre. All flesh is to be silent before the Lord, Israel were to know that though He providentially ordered things in the earth, yet that the prophet — a figure of Messiah — was the sent one of Jehovah. They are represented in Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of Jehovah, Satan standing to resist him. He then is in a position of responsibility: if he is faithful he shall judge Jehovah's house, and have a place in His presence. He will build the temple of Jehovah, will sit upon His throne as ruler and priest. Apparently the three men mentioned in Zechariah 6:10 brought gold and silver on their return from captivity, of which crowns were made for Joshua; and these crowns were hung "for a memorial in the temple of Jehovah. They shall be strong in Jehovah and walk in His name. The whole flock (nation) is given over to slaughter, and Jehovah takes up their cause, for their own shepherds (scribes, elders, rulers, priests) did not pity them. The true Shepherd having been refused, Jehovah speaks (Zechariah 11:15-17 ) of the false shepherd, Antichrist, thus passing over unnoticed the whole of the present period, which makes it evident that the church is not alluded to in Zechariah: cf. Jehovah owns Him as His Fellow, but His sword smote Him, and the sheep (the nation) were scattered, while the remnant were blessed. In the last days Judah will be brought into judgement, and a third part, after being refined in the fire, will be owned as God's people, and they will own Jehovah as their God. Then Jehovah will go forth and fight against those nations. The feet of Jehovah-Jesus shall stand on Mount Olivet, from whence He ascended, and the mount will cleave in two, causing great fear. The latter part of Zechariah 14:5 begins a sentence, Jehovah will come with all His saints. Those of the nations who survive will go up to Jerusalem to worship the king, Jehovah of hosts, or, if they fail thus to worship, they will be punished. It will be noticed that Jehovah, and their Messiah (in whatever way prefigured), are often spoken of as one and the same
Abednego - Their virtue, wisdom, and piety secured their promotion at court, Daniel 1:3-19 2:17,49 ; and their steadfastness in witnessing for God among idolaters, with their deliverance from the fiery furnace by the Angel-Jehovah, led many to acknowledge the true God, and rendered these pious youth for ever illustrious as monuments of the excellence and safety of faith in Him, Daniel 3:1-30 Hebrews 11:34
Seraphim - (burning, glowing ), an order of celestial beings, whom Isaiah beheld in vision standing above Jehovah as he sat upon his throne. Their occupation was two fold to celebrate the praises of Jehovah's holiness and power, ver
Money-Changer - Every Israelite from twenty years and upwards had to pay (Exodus 30:13-15 ) into the sacred treasury half a shekel every year as an offering to Jehovah, and that in the exact Hebrew half-shekel piece
Hananiah - Jehovah has given
Sab'Aoth, the Lord of, - " In the mouth and the mind of an ancient Hebrew, Jehovah-tsebaoth was the leader and commander of the armies of the nation, who "went forth with them" (Psalm 44:9 ) and led them to certain victory over the worshippers of Baal Chemosh
Enhakkore - " Samson cried to Jehovah ("God of grace"), and Elohim ("God of nature") split the hollow place at Lehi, so that water came out of it, as at Horeb and Kadesh (Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:8; Numbers 20:11), and the fountain was called "the fount of him who cried in Lehi
Daysman - An arbitrator could have been found on a level with Job; but none on a level with Jehovah, the other Party with whom Job was at issue
Money-Changers - According to Exodus 30:13-15, every Israelite who had reached the age of twenty must pay into the treasury, whenever the nation was numbered, a half-shekel as an offering to Jehovah
Hananeel, Tower of - A breach reaching from it to the "gate of the corner" (2 Kings 14:13; 2 Chronicles 26:9) Jeremiah foretells (Jeremiah 31:38) shall be "rebuilt to Jehovah," and "not thrown down any more for ever
Jehoiachin - Jehoiachin (je-hoi'a-kĭn), whom Jehovah has appointed
Jotham - Jotham (jô'tham), Jehovah is upright
Jedaiah - One who had returned from exile, apparently bringing gold and silver, of which crowns were made to be "for a memorial in the temple of Jehovah
Shelomith - Her son blasphemed the name of Jehovah and was stoned to death
Everlasting - ...
The everlasting God, or Jehovah
Apostle - ) Indeed, he was the apostle of Jehovah
Tobiah - Tobiah (to-bî'ah), goodness of Jehovah
Ahijah - Ahijah (a-hî'jah), brother or friend of Jehovah
Citizenship - The Jew had no citizenship: he belonged to Jehovah
Kenites - The Kenites of whom we read appear to have known and served Jehovah, and the whole tribe were friendly to the Hebrews
Fornication - In Ezekiel 16:1-63 , the Jewish church is symbolized as a female infant, growing up to womanhood, and then wedded to Jehovah by covenant
Baca - The psalmist, at a distance from Jerusalem, is speaking of the happiness of those who are permitted to make the usual pilgrimages to that city in order to worship Jehovah in the temple: they love the ways which lead thither; yea, though they must pass through rough and dreary paths, even a vale of tears, yet such are their hope and joy of heart, that all this is to them as a well-watered country, a land crowned with the blessings of early rain
Pelati'ah - (delivered by Jehovah )
jo'Tham - (Jehovah is upright )
Money-Changers - (Matthew 21:12 ; Mark 11:15 ; John 2:15 ) According to (Exodus 30:13-15 ) every Israelite who had reached or passed the age of twenty must pay into the sacred treasury, whenever the nation was numbered, a half-shekel as an offering to Jehovah
Elio-e'na-i - (1 Chronicles 7:8 ) ...
A Korhite Levite, and one of the doorkeepers of the "house of Jehovah
Elijah - True to her early training and environment, Jezebel not only persuaded her husband to build a temple to Baal in Samaria ( 1 Kings 16:32 ), but became a zealous propagandist, and developed into a cruel persecutor of the prophets and followers of Jehovah. ...
Such was the situation, when Elijah suddenly appears before Ahab as the champion of Jehovah. Ahab and his chief steward, Obadiah, a devoted follower of the true God, are traversing the land in different directions in search of grass for the royal stables, when the latter encounters the strange figure of Jehovah’s relentless champion. ’ Towards evening a dismantled altar of Jehovah is repaired, and a trench is dug round it. The people are convinced, and shout, ‘Jehovah, he is God; Jehovah, he is God. ’ That evening, Kishon’s flood, as of old ( Judges 5:21 ), is red with the blood of Jehovah’s enemies. Elijah, in spite of his dignified position, runs before the chariot of Ahab, indicating that he is willing to serve the king as well as lead Jehovah’s people ( 1 Kings 18:41-46 ). Jehovah’s successful champion loses heart, and flees to Beer-sheba on the extreme south of Judah. On the strength of that food he journeys forty days until he reaches Horeb, where he receives a new revelation of Jehovah ( 1 Kings 19:1-8 ). Elijah takes refuge in a cave, perhaps the same in which Moses hid ( Exodus 33:22 ), and hears the voice of Jehovah, ‘What doest thou here, Elijah?’ The prophet replies, ‘I have been very jealous for Jehovah, God of Hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away. ’ Then Jehovah reveals His omnipotence in a great wind, earthquake, and fire; but we read that Jehovah was not in these. After hearing his complaint, Jehovah gives His faithful servant a threefold commission: Hazael is to be anointed king of Syria, Jehu of Israel; and Elisha is to be his successor in the prophetic order. ...
Elijah is also the champion of that civic righteousness which Jehovah loved and enjoined on His people. Elijah intercepts the emissaries of the king, hidding them return to their master with this word from Jehovah: ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel, that ye go to inquire of Baal-zebub the god of Ekron? Thou shalt not come down from the bed whither thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. Prophetism had two important duties to perform: (1) to extirpate the worship of heathen deities in Israel, (2) to raise the religion of Jehovah to ethical purity
Jephthah - Meantime, through Jehovah's anger at Israel's apostasy to Baalim, Ashtaroth, the gods of Ammon, etc, he sold them (compare Romans 7:14, gave them up to the wages that their sin had earned) into the hands of those very people whose gods they chose (Judges 10:7; Judges 10:17-18), the instrument of their sin being made the instrument of their punishment (Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19). "...
Jephthah accepted the terms, and "uttered all his words (repeated the conditions and obligations under which he accepted the headship) before Jehovah (as in His presence; not that the ark or any altar of Jehovah was there; simply Jephthah confirmed his engagement by an oath as before Jehovah) in Mizpeh," where the people were met in assembly, Ramoth Mizpeh in Gilead, now Salt. ) Jephthah reasons, Jehovah Elohim of Israel has dispossessed the Amorites, and transferred their land to Israel; Ammon therefore has no claim. Ammon can only claim what his god Chemosh gives him to possess; so Israel is entitled to all that land which Jehovah gives, having dispossessed the previous owners. Jephthah had vowed, in the event of Jehovah giving him victory, to "offer as a burnt offering whatsoever (rather whosoever) should come forth from the doors of his house to meet him"; certainly not a beast or sheep, for it is human beings not brutes that come forth from a general's doors to meet and congratulate him on his victory. He hoped (if he thought of his daughter at the time) that Jehovah would not require this hardest of sacrifices. A literal human sacrifice was forbidden as an abomination before Jehovah (Leviticus 18:21; Leviticus 20:2-5). Jephthah, though a freebooter (the godly David was one too), was one who looked to Jehovah as the only Giver of victory, and uttered all his words of engagement with the princes of Gilead "before Jehovah. " He showed in his message to Ammon his knowledge of the Pentateuch, therefore he must have known that a human sacrifice was against the spirit of the worship of Jehovah. "The Spirit of Jehovah came upon Jephthah" moreover, which shows he was no Moloch worshipper. He dedicated her life to Jehovah as a spiritual "burnt offering" in a lifelong "virginity. This spiritual burnt offering answers somewhat to Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac (Hebrews 11:17) in will though not in deed, and to the Israelites redeeming their firstborn belonging to Jehovah instead of sacrificing them (Exodus 13:1-13; Numbers 18:15-16), and to Aaron's offering the Levites to the Lord for an offering for Israel (Numbers 8:10-16), and redeeming vowed persons at an estimation (1 Samuel 1:11-20; 1 Samuel 1:22; 1 Samuel 1:28; 1 Samuel 2:20; Leviticus 27:1, etc
Zephaniah - Jehovah has concealed, or Jehovah of darkness
Oded - When the Israelites led away 200,000 Jews captive to Samaria, "Oded went out before the host and said, Because Jehovah was angry with Judah, He hath delivered them into your hands, and ye have slain them in a rage that reacheth up into heaven (calling for divine vengeance on yourselves); and now ye purpose to keep the children of Judah bondmen . but are there not with you, even with you, sins against Jehovah? (compare Matthew 7:1-5; James 2:13)
Hannah - In pouring out her soul before the Lord, she vowed that if God would hear her prayer and give her a man-child, she would give him unto Jehovah all the days of his life, and no razor should come upon his head. Led by the Spirit she spoke of Jehovah giving strength to Hiskingand exalting the horn of His Anointed
Jehovah-Jireh - Abraham saith, "to this day in the mount of the Lord shall it be seen;" by which it appears, that the mount of the Lord was to be the place where this provision and sight of Jehovah was to be seen. And as Abraham's offering was wholly typical, surely nothing could be more suited to the expression in calling the place Jehovah Jireh
Elias - He announced to Achad, King of Israel, who under the influence of his Tyrian wife Jezabel had erected a temple to Baal, that Jehovah had determined to avenge the apostasy of Israel by bringing a long drought on the land. He was obliged to flee from the wrath of Jezabel and while on Mount Horeb was commissioned by Jehovah to anoint Hazael to be King of Syria, Jehu to be King of Israel, and Eliseus to be his own successor
Elijah - He announced to Achad, King of Israel, who under the influence of his Tyrian wife Jezabel had erected a temple to Baal, that Jehovah had determined to avenge the apostasy of Israel by bringing a long drought on the land. He was obliged to flee from the wrath of Jezabel and while on Mount Horeb was commissioned by Jehovah to anoint Hazael to be King of Syria, Jehu to be King of Israel, and Eliseus to be his own successor
Joshua - Jehovah is his help, or Jehovah the Saviour. ' It was no doubt on that occasion that his name was changed from Oshea, 'help,' to Jehoshua, 'Jehovah is help' (Numbers 13:16 ). Alike in bringing the people into Canaan, in his wars, and in the distribution of the land among the tribes, from the miraculous crossing of Jordan and taking of Jericho to his last address, he was the embodiment of his new name, 'Jehovah is help
Joshua, Book of - Then Jehovah was manifested to Joshua as Captain of the host, with a drawn sword in His hand. Jericho (type of the world antagonistic to the Lord's rights ranged under Satan) was the first city taken, and the manner of its destruction showed plainly that power for conquest was really in Jehovah. An altar was built unto Jehovah, and the law was written upon stones, the whole of it being read before all the congregation: cf. To lengthen the day for conquest the sun and moon stood still, for it was Jehovah who fought for Israel. From Gilgal Joshua went again in strength against the confederacy of the north, being encouraged by Jehovah, and conquered everywhere, cutting off the Anakims from the mountains, and "so Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord said unto Moses. Then it is repeated that "Jehovah gave unto Israel all the land which he sware to give unto their fathers; and they possessed it, and dwelt therein. " They had rest, and not any good thing that Jehovah had promised failed them. By the border of the Jordan they built a great altar 'to see to;' which they afterwards described as a witness that they had part in Jehovah. The tribes on the west feared that the altar had been built in separation from the worship of Jehovah, and sent princes with Phinehas the priest to protest against it, but on hearing the explanation given, they were satisfied that the tribes on the east were faithful in heart. They thus still remained under law, their obedience being the condition of their living in peace, and being blessed by Jehovah
Demiurge - Valentinus regarded him as the offspring of a union of matter with lower wisdom, a distant emanation from the Supreme God; other Gnostics identified him with Jehovah, God of the Jews and the Old Testament from whose power, Christ of the New Testament, Son of the Good God, rescued us
Monotheism - The principal present day forms of non-Christian Monotheism are: ...
Jewish Monotheism which among the orthodox Jews of today is the same as the monotheism of tne Jews in the pre-Christian era
Mohammedan Monotheism in which Allah, the one and only God, is practically the same as Jehovah of the Jews
Othniel - He oppressed them for full eight years, when they "cried" unto Jehovah, and Othniel was raised up to be their deliverer
Hadoram - More likely to be the true name than "Jeram," which contains the name of Jehovah (2 Samuel 8:10)
Gemariah - Jehovah has made perfect
Amariah - Said by Jehovah
Mahaneh-Dan - ’ In the former passage we are told that ‘the Spirit of Jehovah began to move Samson in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol’; in the latter passage the derivation of the name is given as the place where the last encampment of the band of 600 Danite warriors took place, before they set out on their expedition to Laish
Hashabiah - ("Regarded by Jehovah"
Aijeleth Shahar - , Psalms 22:19, ejulathi , "my strength," alludes to aijeleth , "the hind," weak in itself but having Jehovah for its strength
Goodness - Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which Jehovah ...
had done to Israel
Ammonians - He undertook, by allegorizing and subtilizing various fables and systems, to make up a coalition of all sects and religions; and from his labours, continued by his disciples,—some of whose works still remain,—his followers were taught to look on Jew, philosopher, vulgar, Pagan, and Christian, as all of the same creed," and worshippers of the same God, whether denominated "Jehovah, Jove, or Lord
Asa - He was distinguished for his success in war, and his zeal for the worship of Jehovah
Clouds - They betokened the presence of Jehovah, as on mount Sinai, ...
Exodus 19:9 24:12-18 ; in the temple, Exodus 40:34 1 Kings 8:10 ; in the cloudy pillar, and on the mount of Transfiguration
Bath-Sheba - These sins displeased Jehovah, who sent the prophet Nathan to David, with the parable of the ewe lamb, 2 Samuel 12:1
Anathema, - Any object so devoted to Jehovah was irredeemable
Meribah - ) The designation which Moses gave the place at Rephidim where Israel, just before they reached Sinai in the second year after leaving Egypt, did chide with Moses, "give us water that we may drink," and tempted (from whence came the other name Massah) Jehovah, saying "is Jehovah among us or not?" (Exodus 17:7; compare as to the sin, Matthew 4:7. " So Jehovah excluded Moses and Aaron from entering Canaan, for not "sanctifying" Him (Numbers 20:1-13)
Keilah - " David in dependence on Jehovah's promise, notwithstanding his men's protest on the ground of their weakness, rescued it from the Philistines (1 Samuel 23); here Abiathar joined him with the ephod, having escaped from the massacre of priests at Nehemiah The proximity of Hareth, where David was, accounts for his helping it though he did not help other towns when robbed by the Philistines. the Canaanite portion, votaries of Baal, to whom David's devotion to Jehovah and the presence of the sacred ephod with the priest Abiathar were an offense. Psalms 31:6; Psalms 31:8; Psalms 31:21 alludes, with the undesignedness which characterizes genuineness, to this: "I have hated them that regard lying vanities (idols as Baal), but I trust in Jehovah. Blessed be Jehovah, for He hath shown me His marvelous kindness in a strong city," the very description of Keilah
Pen'Tecost, - The Pentecost was the Jewish harvest-home, and the people were especially exhorted to rejoice before Jehovah with their families their servants, the Levite within their gates, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow in the place chosen by God for his name, as they brought a free-will offering of their hand to Jehovah their God. With the loaves two lambs were offered as a peace offering and all were waved before Jehovah and given to the priests; the leaves being leavened, could not be offered on the altar
Ephod - The high priest's vestment, with the breast-plate and Urim and Thrumhim (some material objects in the bag of the breast-plate, used for consulting Jehovah by casting lots: Speaker's Commentary; but (See HIGH PRIEST) in it. ) His aim was by wearing it to have a vehicle for inquiring the will of Jehovah, through the Urim and Thummim, the holy lot, and breast-plate
Zechariah, Book of - The book opens with an exhortation to return unto Jehovah ( Zechariah 1:1-6 ), based upon the sad experience of the fathers who had not heeded the word of the prophets to return from their evil ways. In the first ( Zechariah 1:7-17 ) the prophet aees at night, in a myrtle-shaded glen, four horsemen whom the angel that talks with him designates as the messengers of Jehovah. The angel calls upon Jehovah: ‘How long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?’ In response, assurance comes that Jehovah is displeased with the nations which are at ease, He is returned to Jerusalem, His house shall be built, His cities shall overflow with prosperity, Zion be comforted, Jerusalem chosen. Next, the prophet sees ( Zechariah 2:1-5 ) the future Jerusalem spread far and wide beyond the limits of her old walls, with Jehovah as a wall of fire round about her. There follows a song that calls upon the exiles to return, pictures the discomfiture of those that have plundered them, and the future glory of Zion as Jehovah’s dwelling-place. 3, Joshua, the high priest, is seen standing before Jehovah’s angel, clad in filthy garments and accused by the Satan. Joshua is promised full exercise of his priestly functions if he will walk in Jehovah’s ways; he and those with him are a sign that Jehovah is to bring His servant the Branch (cf. Probably the promise to Zerubbabel ( Zechariah 4:6-10 a) should be transferred to the end of the chapter; then confusion disappears, and the seven lamps are interpreted as the eyes of Jehovah which run to and fro through the earth. In this, Zerubbabel is assured that he shall bring the Temple to completion, not by might nor by power, but by Jehovah’s spirit. Next, the prophet aees ( Jeremiah 5:1-4 ) the curse of Jehovah as a book that flies and enters the house of every thief and perjurer to consume it. Jehovah’s curse has fallen upon the sinners, and sin itself is now removed to the land of exile. The last vision ( Jeremiah 6:1-8 ) represents four chariots going forth upon the earth; of these the one that goes to the north executes the wrath of Jehovah upon those who have oppressed His people. The visions opened with the horsemen that reported the earth as quiet; they close with the chariots that keep the world in subjection to Jehovah. The visions centre in the hope of a glorious future for Jerusalem, with its Temple restored, its enemies stilled, its exiles returned, its sin forgiven, its wickedness removed, and with Jehovah’s spirit flowing in through priest and prince of Davidic line. With glorious promises for the peace and prosperity of Jerusalem, with the nations coming to seek Jehovah, the original Book of Zechariah closes. The title ‘burden of the word of Jehovah’ is very unusual, occurring elsewhere only in Zechariah 12:1 and Malachi 1:1 . This is followed by the prediction of the coming king of peace a beautiful lyric which breaks in sharply upon the context, and is followed by a prediction of successful resistance to the Greeks, and victory given through Jehovah. The shepherds of Judah, Jehovah’s flock, are condemned, and victory is promised to the flock. The nations are assembled against Jerusalem, there to be consumed through the power of Jehovah
Light - This seems to contain a reference to the glory and splendour which shone in the holy of holies, where Jehovah appeared in the luminous cloud above the mercy seat, and which none but the high priest, and he only once a year, was permitted to approach unto, Leviticus 16:2 ; Ezekiel 1:22 ; Ezekiel 1:26 ; Ezekiel 1:28 ; but this was typical of the glory of the celestial world. ...
But even this is not sufficient:—...
"No longer shalt thou have the sun for thy light by day; Nor by night shall the brightness of the moon enlighten thee: ...
For Jehovah shall be to thee an everlasting light, And thy God shall be thy glory. ...
Thy sun shall no more decline; Neither shall thy moon wane; ...
For Jehovah shall be thine everlasting light; And the days of thy mourning shall cease. ...
In another place he has admirably diversified the same sentiment:—...
"And the moon shall be confounded, And the sun shall be ashamed; ...
For Jehovah, God of Hosts, shall reign ...
On Mount Sion, and in Jerusalem: ...
And before his ancients shall he be glorified. ...
All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, And I will set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord Jehovah
Jesus - It is the Latin form of the Greek, Iesous; Hebrew, Jeshua; Joshua, meaning "Jehovah is salvation," and interpreted by the Fathers as Saviour
Zalmon - Possibly the same mountain is meant in Psalms 68:14 , where a snowstorm is apparently referred to as contributing to the scattering of ‘kings’ opposed to the people of Jehovah
Kedar - " Warriors and archers, among the marauding "children" or "men of the East," Bent Kedem; loving strife, true sons of Ishmael, of whom the Angel of Jehovah said "he will be a wild man, his hand will be against every man and every man's hand against him" (Genesis 16:12)
Shephathiah - Hebrew Shephatiah ("whom Jehovah defends"
Shephati'ah - (judged by Jehovah )
Uri'Jah - (light of Jehovah )
Shelemi'ah - (repaid by Jehovah )
Carriages - Isaiah 46:1; "your carriages were heavy laden," rather "(the images) which used to be carried by you (in solemn procession) are become heavy burdens"; instead of carrying you as Jehovah does His people (Isaiah 46:3-4), they have to be carried as heavy burdens by you
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - The name signifies 'Jehovah is judge,' and some think that it is used symbolically for the place where God will judge
Seir, Mount - The word of Jehovah announced to the prophet the perpetual desolation of Mount Seir
Abednego - A tyrant may change the name, but he cannot change the nature, of him whose God is Jehovah
Myrtle - In Zechariah 1:8,10,11 a man (that is, an angel of Jehovah) was seen standing among the myrtle trees, when all the earth was sitting still and was at rest — emblem of the blessing of Jerusalem, for which the angel was interceding
God - The Supreme Being Jehovah the eternal and infinite spirit, the creator,and the sovereign of the universe
Peleg - " His name marks an epoch in the world's history:...
(1) God's intimation of His will that the earth was to be divided in an orderly distribution of the various families of mankind, which order the Hamitic Babel builders tried to contravene (Genesis 11:4), in order to concentrate their power; also the Hamite Canaanites in "spreading abroad" broke the bounds assigned by God, seizing the sacred possession of Shem where Jehovah was to be blessed as "the Lord God of Shem" (Genesis 9:26; Genesis 9:18-20)
Zerah - His army was smitten by Jehovah, and Asa took much spoil
Hail - The hail is called upon to praise Jehovah, because it fulfils His word
Elihu - , Jehovah
Messiah - The conception of the Messiah is logically implicit in all the expectations of the Hebrew people that Jehovah would deliver Israel and turn it into a glorious empire to which all the heathen would be subjected. In the case of prophets like Elijah and Elisha the hope is hardly more distinct than a belief that the nation which worshipped Jehovah would he triumphant over its enemies. So far as the records of their teaching show, however, there was no expectation of any superhuman deliverer, or, in fact, any future contemplated other than one which presupposed a conquering Israel with an equally triumphant Jehovah. Hosea’s prophecies of prosperity which would come to the nation when it turned from idols and alliances with heathen nations to the forgiving Jehovah may, as current criticism insists, belong to a later period than that usually accorded them; but in them we find little or nothing of the noble universalism to be seen in the promised victory of the seed of the woman over the serpent ( Genesis 3:14-15 ). The basis of this great expectation is the faith in Jehovah as interpreted by the prophets, whether earlier or later. Out of the sorrows of the time, born largely, as Isaiah believed, from the sins of Jehovah’s people, was to arise deliverance. But in the name of the child, Immanuel , was the pledge that Jehovah would ever he with His people and would ultimately save them; not impossibly through the child himself, although nothing is said of Immanuel’s share in the accomplishment of the deliverance. Whether or not the reference in Isaiah 9:6-7 is to Immanuel, it is unquestionable that it is to the coming of a descendant of David, who should deliver Israel and reign with Jehovah’s assistance for ever triumphantly. The ‘eternity’ of his reign is undoubtedly to he interpreted dynastically rather than personally, but the king himself clearly is a person, and Jehovah’s Spirit, which is to be within him, is just as plainly the source of his great success (cf. ...
Primarily national as these expectations are, the keynote is the deliverance wrought by Jehovah through a particular royal person, in whose days righteousness and peace are to he supreme in the world because of the Hebrew empire. ...
In this literature, whatever its date may be, there appears also the new note of universal peace to be wrought by Jehovah. In large measure this peace was conceived of as due to the completeness of Jehovah’s conquest of the nations in the interests of His people (cf. The peace then promised was to come from a knowledge of Jehovah as well as from the glories of the Davidic ruler. ...
The reformation of Josiah finds an echo in the equally exultant expectation of Jeremiah that Jehovah would surely place a descendant of David upon the throne, a ‘righteous branch,’ and one who would deliver Israel (Jeremiah 33:14-16 ). This covenant would be spiritual, and the relations which it would establish between Israel and Jehovah would be profoundly religious. Israel would be a servant of Jehovah, who would, on His part, forgive His people’s sins ( Jeremiah 31:31-34 ; cf. The restoration of Israel, which was thus to be accomplished by Jehovah, involved not only national honour, but also a new prosperity for the priesthood, and new immortality on the part of the individual and the nation. The great catastrophe which fell upon both the Northern and Southern Kingdoms forced the prophets to re-examine the relations of national misfortune to the persistent hope of the glorious Kingdom of Jehovah. From the despair that followed, the people were rescued by the appearance of Cyrus, who became the instrument of Jehovah in bringing about the return of the remnant to their own land. Jehovah would care for His people as the shepherd cared for his sheep, and the land to which they would return would be renewed ( Ezekiel 34:11-31 ), while the nations would support Israel and fear Jehovah ( Isaiah 49:22-23 ). Jehovah would make an everlasting covenant with His people ( Isaiah 55:1-6 ), but the new nation would not he composed of all those who had been swept into exile and their descendants. ...
At this point we have to decide whether the suffering Servant of Jehovah is to be interpreted collectively as the purified and vicarious remnant of Israel; or as some individual who would stand for ever as a representative of Jehovah, and, through his sufferings, purify and recall Israel to that spiritual life which would he the guarantee of a glorious future; or as the suffering nation itself. It was a suffering Israel who was not only to be gloriously redeemed, but was also to bring the knowledge of Jehovah and salvation to the world at large. While it is not possible to date Psalms 2:1-12 with any precision, its picture of the coming King who shall reign over all the world because of the power of Jehovah, is fundamentally political. The one great pre-requisite of this new nation was to be the observance of the Law, which would insure the coming of the Spirit of Jehovah upon the new Israel ( Joel 2:28-29 , Haggai 1:13 , Zechariah 2:1-5 , etc. These expressed themselves in a re-working of the older codes and prophecies of the Hebrews, under the influence of the faith in the coming triumph Jehovah would give His people. Through all these years it is certain that the fundamental elements of the Messianic hope remained fixed; namely, the ineradicable belief that Jehovah would ( a ) make of the Jewish nation a world empire; ( b ) establish the house of David; ( c ) punish the enemies of His chosen people, whether Gentiles or Jews; and ( d ) that this glorious future would be established by the expression of the Divine power in the resurrection, not of the individual from Sheol, but of the nation from its miseries. In the very nature of the case the misery of Syrian persecution forced ‘the Pious’ not only to renewed faith in Jehovah, but also to a new sense of the need of prophecy. In the absence of the genuine prophet, the triumph of Israel and the inevitable destruction of Jehovah’s foes were foretold by symbol. There is, however, no sharply distinct personal Messiah in these visions, and the expectation is primarily that of a genuinely political State established by Jehovah in Palestine. The ‘day of Jehovah’ (see Day of the Lord) is, however, now elaborately developed into a world-judgment, and the lines of future apocalyptic Messianism are clearly drawn. The nations would then come under the law of Jehovah, and Jerusalem would be the capital of the world-wide empire to be established miraculously. There is no reference to a Messiah, but rather to the conquest of the world by a nation that kept Jehovah’s law. The Pharisaic expectation would never have led to violence, but rather involved the patient waiting of the faithful for the time set by Jehovah
Priest - Strictly and properly speaking, there is but one priest of Jehovah, and he the great High Priest of his church, the Lord Jesus Christ. Every other priest, even Aaron himself, acted no higher than as the type of Jehovah'S High Priest. For the High Priest of Jehovah must be as Jehovah himself, a Priest for ever; whereas, (as the Holy Ghost blessedly speaks by Paul, Hebrews 7:23-24) those priests were not suffered to continue, by reason of death; but this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. The Priest of Jehovah must be one consecrated and set apart specially and personally to this office, and this by Jehovah himself. And his office comprehends the offering of sacrifice, praying, and interceding for the people, and also blessing the people in Jehovah'S name and by his authority. And it became equally expedient that he who engaged to be Jehovah'S High Priest, in the purposes of redemption, should be man as well as God. " So that in every point of view, and upon every consideration, the absolute expediency is manifested that Jehovah'S Priest must be both God and man. But it is the blessed consideration to the church, that the personal and peculiar fitness of the Lord Jesus, and the fulness of fitness in him, and in him only, is what endears him both to Jehovah and to his people in this express office of character. Set up from everlasting in the council of peace, we are told that he was regularly called, consecrated and sworn into his office by virtue of the oath of Jehovah before all worlds. " (Psalms 110:4) And this authority of Jehovah was indispensibly necessary to give efficacy and validity to all the acts of his priesthood; for it is not only the suitability of Christ which renders his priesthood so dear to his people, but it is the authority and appointment of Jehovah which gives a warrant for faith to act upon concerning him. " (Hebrews 10:14) And as the offering itself is a fulness of perfection, so the divine nature on which he offered it became the golden altar of presentation to Jehovah The incense Jesus presents is his own merits, and presented also from off the golden censer of his divine nature. Hail! thou glorious, gracious, great High Priest of Jehovah and thy people! Be thou my New Testament altar, my sacrifice, my offering, and do thou, Lord, graciously carry on thy high priestly office still in heaven for all thy church and people, until thou hast brought home thy redeemed, "that where thou art, there they may be also!"...
Having thus taken a short view of the Lord Jesus as Jehovah'S High Priest, and a Priest upon his throne, it may not be amiss to offer a short observation concerning the priesthood taken from among men. He, and he only, is, and was, and ever will be, Jehovah'S Priest. He is the fountain of all order in his church; and all true believers in Christ are expressly said to be made by him both kings and priests unto God and the Father, agreeably to Jehovah'S ancient, promise to the true Israel: "Ye shall be unto a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation
Branch - "The branch of Jehovah" (Isaiah 4:2), the sprout of Jehovah, Messiah (Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 33:15; Zechariah 3:8; Zechariah 6:12; Luke 1:78 margin)
Azazel - The one goat which was "for Jehovah" was offered as a sin-offering, by which atonement was made. As the goat "for Jehovah" was to witness to the demerit of sin and the need of the blood of atonement, so the goat "for Azazel" was to witness to the efficacy of the sacrifice and the result of the shedding of blood in the taking away of sin
Spies - ), in whose house they found a hiding-place, that terror had fallen on all the inhabitants of the land because of the great things they had heard that Jehovah had done for them (Exodus 15:14-16 ; comp 23:27; Deuteronomy 2:25 ; 11:25 ). As the result of their mission they reported: "Truly Jehovah hath delivered into our hands all the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do faint because of us
Regem Melech - Beth-el is here used for Beth-Jehovah; the religious authorities, not "the house of Jehovah" (named in Zechariah 7:3), are meant. But many sent to Jehovah's house, not like Jacob at Bethel but as the apostate Israelites to the calf at Bethel, with no spirit of true obedience
Jehu - Jehu (jç'hu), Jehovah is Hebrews 1:1-14. He then, at a great festival, exterminated all the idolatrous priests and prophets of Baal, as traitors to King Jehovah, and turned the temple of Baal into a draughthouse
Job (2) - Elihu utters four discourses, 32-37, after which Jehovah speaks out of the whirlwind, 38-41, and Job is humbled and yet vindicated. " But it is no less estimable for its religious and ethical worth, setting forth as it does the being and perfections of Jehovah, the apostasy and guilt of evil spirits and of mankind, the sovereignty of divine providence, the mercy of God on the basis of sacrifice and penitence, the disciplinary nature of his people's sorrows, the wisdom of submission to his will, and the assurance, in view of his infinite power and wisdom, that all shall be well with his followers in the end
Maker - One of the glorious characters of Jehovah. " (Psalms 95:6) So again the prophet Isaiah, (Isaiah 52:12-13) "Who art thou that thou shouldest be afraid of a man that shall die and of the son of man which shall be made as grass; and forgettest the Lord thy Maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth!" It is not a little interesting, but highly important to be kept in view, that the act itself is connected with the glorious and fearful name of Jehovah-ALEHIM, (see Deuteronomy 28:58) to intimate the plurality of persons in the GODHEAD
Zerah - ...
"Jehovah smote the Ethiopians before Asa and before Judah, and the Ethiopians fled, and Asa pursued them unto Gerar, and the Ethiopians were overthrown that they could not recover themselves, for they were destroyed before Jehovah and before His host, and they carried away much spoil" (2 Chronicles 14:9-13)
Heaven - Among christians, the part of space in which the omnipresent Jehovah is supposed to afford more sensible manifestations of his glory. The Hebrews acknowledged three heavens the air or aerial heavens the firmament in which the stars are supposed to be placed and the heaven of heavens, or third heaven, the residence of Jehovah
Banner - " (Psalms 60:4) And when Moses built an altar, after the victory obtained over Amalek, he called the name of it Jehovah Nissi; that is, the Lord is my banner. " (Song of Song of Solomon 6:4; Son 6:10) It is very blessed to eye Christ in this most glorious character, as Jehovah'S banner to his people, for their waging war with sin, death, and hell. Reader! believer! friend! are we under this almighty Banner? Hath the Lord Jesus brought us to his banqueting house, and is his banner over us of love? Oh, then, let us sit down under his shadow, for, surely, all his fruit is sweet to our taste! Sure banner of peace with God, and good will towards men! See Jehovah Nissi
Abba - Jehovah asked, "Hath the rain a father?" Job 38:28 . God had been revealed in the Old Testament as Jehovah, the Almighty, etc
High Places - The Israelites were commanded to destroy these places of idol worship, Deuteronomy 12:2 , but instead of this, they imitated the heathen, and at first worshipped Jehovah in high places, 1 Samuel 9:12 1 Kings 3:4 , and afterwards idols, 1 Kings 11:7 2 Kings 17:10,11 . Hence one reason why Jehovah required the festivals and sacrifices of the Jews to be centered at his temple in Jerusalem; that the people of the living and only true God might be delivered from the temptations of the groves, and witness as one man against idolatry
Jeho'Vah - " That this passage is intended to indicate the etymology of Jehovah, as understood by the Hebrews, no one has ventured to doubt. While Elohim exhibits God displayed in his power as the creator and governor of the physical universe, the name Jehovah designates his nature as he stands in relation to man, as the only almighty, true, personal, holy Being, a spirit and "the father of spirits," ( Numbers 16:22 ) comp
mi'Cah - Micah is evidently a devout believers in Jehovah, and yet so completely ignorant is he of the law of Jehovah that the mode which he adopts of honoring him is to make a molten and graven image, teraphim or images of domestic gods, and to set up an unauthorized priesthood, first in his own family, (Judges 17:5 ) and then in the person of a Levite not of the priestly line
Josi'ah - (whom Jehovah heals ). He was aided by Jeremiah the prophet in spreading through his kingdom the knowledge and worship of Jehovah
Jehovah - ) The Hebrew name "Jehovah" is generally translated in the Authorized Version (and the Revised Version has not departed from this rule) by the word LORD printed in small capitals, to distinguish it from the rendering of the Hebrew Adonai And the Greek Kurios , Which are also rendered Lord, but printed in the usual type. The Hebrew word is translated "Jehovah" only in Exodus 6:3 ; Psalm 83:18 ; Isaiah 12:2 ; 26:4 , and in the compound names mentioned below
Michael - Certainly the Angel of Jehovah, or Jehovah the Second Person, in pleading for Joshua the high priest representing the Jewish church, uses the same rebuke to Satan as Michael does in Judges 1:9; Zechariah 3:1-5. "...
"Michael when contending with the devil about the body of Moses (which Jehovah buried, but which was probably translated shortly afterward, for 'no man knoweth of his sepulchre'; hence, he appeared in a body, as did Elijah, at the transfiguration; Satan, the accuser of the brethren, probably opposed his translation on the ground of his sins, but Michael contended with him and prevailed) durst not (from reverence to Satan's former dignity, Daniel 10:8) bring against him a railing accusation, but said The Lord rebuke thee
Ahijah - The ark of God was in his charge, and with it and the ephod he used to consult Jehovah. In Saul's later years, probably after the slaughter of the priests at Nob the ark was neglected as a means of consulting Jehovah. Contrast David's implicit submission to Jehovah's guidance in encountering the same Philistines (2 Samuel 5:19-25, compare Isaiah 28:16 end). His projected night pursuit was consequently prevented; for the priest met his proposal, which was well received by the people, by suggesting that Jehovah should be consulted. ...
Though blind with age he detected her, and announced that as Jeroboam had utterly failed in the one condition of continuance in the kingdom rent from David's house, which his former prophecy had laid down, namely, to keep God's commandments heartily as David did, Jeroboam's house should be taken away "as dung"; but that in reward for the good there was found in Abijah toward God, he alone should have an honorable burial (compare Isaiah 57:1-2), but that "Jehovah would smite Israel as a reed shaken in the water, and root up and scatter Israel beyond the river," Euphrates
Malachi - The first chapter, while it shows their insensibility, shows also the sovereign love of Jehovah to them, a love on which His purpose depended. The answer is that they brought to the Lord that which was torn, the lame, and the sick, and had offered polluted bread upon Jehovah's altar: in effect saying, "The table of the Lord is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. Yet Jehovah should be magnified beyond the border of Israel, and His name be great among the Gentiles. Judah had intimate fellowship with idolatry; had symbolically married the daughter of a strange god; and had associated this with the worship of Jehovah. When called upon to return to Jehovah they are still unconscious of their condition, and ask, "Wherein shall we return?" and "Wherein have we robbed thee?" "What have we spoken so much against thee?" They had said it was in vain to serve the Lord; they had called the proud happy; the wicked were built up, and they that tempted God were delivered
Joel, Book of - The key-note of the prophecy is 'the day of Jehovah,' which is five times mentioned in connection with the future judgements, which will bring in the full blessing of Israel and the earth, when the Lord also will have His portion, a meat offering, and a drink offering for Himself. The Prophet takes occasion by the devastation wrought in his day by an army of insects to call the priests, the princes, and the people to a fast, and a solemn assembly in the house of the Lord, there to cry unto Jehovah. The day of Jehovah is nigh at hand, and the trumpet is to sound an alarm of war: cf. The army is His, and the camp is His: the day of Jehovah
Johanan - JOHANAN or JEHOHANAN ("Jehovah's gift". ) Johanan consulted the prophet that Jehovah, Jeremiah's God, might show the Jewish remnant "the way wherein to walk, and the thing to do" (Jeremiah 42); imitating pious Hezekiah's request for Isaiah's intercession (Isaiah 37:4), "lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left. Jeremiah reminds Johanan and his company that Jehovah is their God as well as his (wholehearted obedience is therefore their part: Exodus 19:5-6; 1 Corinthians 6:19-20); and that He will pray, and whatsoever Jehovah shall answer he will declare, "keeping nothing back" (Acts 20:20). ...
They called God to witness they would obey whatever Jehovah might command
Rehoboam - Solomon in Ecclesiastes 2:19 expresses his misgiving as to Rehoboam, "who knoweth whether the man after me shall be a wise man or a fool?" His folly was overruled by Jehovah to perform His prophecy by Ahijar unto Jeroboam. ) Rehoboam with 180,000 sought to regain Israel; but Jehovah by Shemaiah forbade it (1618067849_7). Moreover, the calf worship in northern Israel drove the Levites and many pious Israelites to the southern kingdom where Jehovah's pure worship was maintained. Rehoboam "forsook the law of Jehovah, and all Israel with him. ) Shemaiah explained the cause from Jehovah; "ye have forsaken Me, therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak" (Shishak was first of the 22nd or Bubastite dynasty; whereas his predecessor, the Pharaoh whose daughter Solomon married, was the last of the 22nd or Tanite dynasty). Rehoboam and the princes thereupon humbly accepted their punishment, and justified Jehovah (James 4:10; Exodus 9:27; Psalms 51:4; Leviticus 26:41-42). His doing evil is traced to his "not preparing (fixing) his heart to seek Jehovah
Ahab - ) Ahab, under Jezebel's influence, introduced the impure worship of the sun-god Baal, adding other gods besides Jehovah, a violation of the first commandment, an awful addition to Jeroboam's sin of the golden calves, which at Dan and Bethel (like Aaron's calves) were designed (for state policy) as images of the one true God, in violation of the second commandment; compare 2 Kings 17:9; "the children of Israel did secretly things Hebrew covered words that were not right Hebrew so against the Lord," i. ...
The close relation of the northern kingdom with Tyre in David's and Solomon's time, and the temporal advantage of commercial intercourse with that great mart of the nations, led to an intimacy which, as too often happens in amalgamation between the church and the world, ended in Phoenicia seducing Israel to Baal and Astarte, instead of Israel drawing Phoenicia to Jehovah; compare 2 Corinthians 6:14-18. ) Jehovah worship was scarcely tolerated; but the public mind seems to have been in a halting state of indecision between the two, Jehovah and Baal, excepting 7000 alone who resolutely rejected the idol; or they thought to form a compromise by uniting the worship of Baal with that of Jehovah. Jezebel cut off Jehovah's prophets, except 100 saved by Obadiah. When softened by the visitation, the people were ripe for the issue to which Elijah put the conflicting claims to Jehovah and Baal at Carmel, and on the fire from heaven consuming the prophet's sacrifice, fell on their faces and exclaimed with one voice, "Jehovah, He is the God; Jehovah, He is the God. A prophet told Ahab that Jehovah should deliver to him by the young men of the princes of the provinces (compare 1 Corinthians 1:27-29) the Syrian multitude of which Benhadad vaunted, "The gods do so to me and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me" (1 Kings 20). Again Benhadad, according to the prevalent idea of local gods, thinking Jehovah a god of the hills (His temple being on mount Zion and Samaria being on a hill) and not of the plains, ventured a battle on the plains at Aphek, E
Jonathan - (Hebrew: Jehovah has given) ...
Name of several personages in the Old Testament
Ahimelech - This act, as reported by Doeg the Edomite, Saul viewed as treasonous; and by the hand of this idolatrous and malignant foreigner, he put Ahimelech and eighty-five other priests of Jehovah to death, 1 Samuel 22:1-23 a crime sufficient of itself to forfeit the throne and the favor of God
Ebal - This mountain was also the site of the first great altar erected to Jehovah (Deuteronomy 27:5-8 ; Joshua 8:30-35 )
Mattaniah - ("gift of Jehovah". King Zedekiah's (Jehovah's justice) original name, changed when Nebuchadnezzar put him on the throne instead of his nephew Jehoiachin (2 Kings 24:17)
Merab - Her five sons subsequently were crucified to Jehovah by the Gibeonites among the seven, for Saul's bloodthirsty zeal against them (2 Samuel 21:9)
Malachi - Malachi (măl'a-ki), messenger of Jehovah
Abijah - Sweet appellation, when a child of God can say, Jehovah is my Father! For this is what the Lord himself provided for his people
Abinadab - no doubt give the time that elapsed before the repentance of Israel led them to lament after Jehovah
Paradise - " The LXX, or Greek translators of the Old Testament, make use of the word paradise, when they speak of the garden of Eden, which Jehovah planted at the creation, and in which he placed our first parents
Fat - , about the stomach, the entrails, the kidneys, and the tail of a sheep, which grows to an excessive size in many eastern countries, and produces a large quantity of rich fat, were forbidden to be eaten in the case of animals offered to Jehovah in sacrifice
Fat - , about the stomach, the entrails, the kidneys, and the tail of a sheep, which grows to an excessive size in many eastern countries, and produces a large quantity of rich fat, were forbidden to be eaten in the case of animals offered to Jehovah in sacrifice
Samuel - While sleeping in the sanctuary Samuel received his first call of God; "he did not yet know Jehovah," i. " With delicate consideration for Eli's feelings Samuel lay until morning shrinking from telling him Jehovah's revelation, and only at his solicitation told all. to Beersheba, recognized Samuel as prophet of Jehovah, "for the Lord revealed Himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the Lord, and the Lord let none of his words fall to the ground. " Twenty years elapse after the fall of church and state at the fatal battle of Ebenezer, and the destruction of Shiloh the seat of Jehovah's worship (1 Samuel 7:2-3, etc. Then Samuel again appears and exhorts Israel, now lamenting after the Lord, to "put away" their idols and "Ashtaroth" in particular (each man besides general sins has his particular besetting sin), and to "return unto Jehovah with all their hearts. " Gathering them at Mizpeh, Samuel poured water before Jehovah in confession of sin and in token of their consequent utter prostration and powerlessness (2 Samuel 14:14, inward dissolution through distress; Psalms 22:14; Psalms 58:7; Isaiah 12:3; John 7:37). As Samuel was offering the burnt offering the Philistines drew near to battle; and Jehovah with a thunderstorm defeated them, and Israel pursued them to Bethcar. At the very spot where 20 years previously Israel was routed Israel set up the Eben-Ezer stone, commemorating victory over the Philistines by Jehovah's help (1 Samuel 7:7-14). ...
Displeased at the request, Samuel had one unfailing resource, he prayed to Jehovah. The Lord punished them by granting their desire (Psalms 106:15), which was a virtual rejection of Jehovah Himself, not merely of Samuel. The king was but Jehovah's vicegerent holding office only on condition of loyalty to his Liege above; Israel, under the unfaithful Saul, at Nilboa by Bitter experience learned what a vain defense is a king reflecting their own unbelieving carnalism. " They preferred an arm of flesh to Jehovah's spiritual defense under Samuel. His characteristic spiritual work was unceasing crying to Jehovah at times, "all night," in intercessory prayer (1 Samuel 15:11; 1 Samuel 7:7-8); so the Antitype "continued all night in prayer to God" (Luke 6:12). ...
Samuel saw Saul no more, yet grieved for one whose self-incurred doom he could no longer avert, until Jehovah expostulated "how long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him?" (1 Samuel 16:1, compare Psalms 139:21-22)
David - David expressed to Nathan a strong desire to build a temple for Jehovah in his new capital, a wish indicative of worldly wisdom as well as piety on the part of the king. Jehovah denies David’s request, but promises to build for him an everlasting house, a dynasty without end. Psalms 2, 110 are founded on this notable promise, and the author of Psalms 89 in a far later time, when David’s throne had been overturned by the heathen, reminds Jehovah of His ancient promise, and pleads earnestly for the speedy passing of His wrath. In the period after the return from Babylon, the author of the last section of Zechariah (Zechariah 12:7 to Zechariah 13:1) describes the glories of the coming time in connexion with the Davidic dynasty: ‘The house of David shall be as God, as the angel of Jehovah before them. Jehovah Himself is Israel’s King for ever and ever (Psalms 17:1); but the Son of David is His chosen to overthrow the heathen, and institute a righteous reign in Israel (17:30, 42f
Fall - " (Genesis 1:26) What image? Not the image of Jehovah as Jehovah, for Jehovah is invisible; but, according to what the apostle Paul hath delivered to the church, by the authority and instruction of the Holy Ghost, in the image of him who before all worlds stood up, at the call of God, as the glorious Head of his body the church secretly, though not openly, the "first-born of every creature. " Now from hence it plainly appears that Christ as Christ, that is, God and man in one person, had a priority of existence to every other, and was, and is, he image of the invisible Jehovah, in whose likeness Adam, the first man, was made. The whole cause for which Jehovah went forth in acts of creation, as relating to our world, was for the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ
Jonah - He himself tells us why he fled — he knew Jehovah was gracious : if he foretold the destruction of the city, and God spared it, he would lose his reputation. He had to confess he was fleeing from Jehovah, the God of heaven who made the sea and the dry land. Thus Jehovah was made known to those Gentile seamen. They feared Jehovah exceedingly, offered a sacrifice to Him and made vows. When in the depths he cried to Jehovah, "out of the belly of Sheol:" as the remnant of Israel will plead when they feel that the sentence of death is passed upon them
David - David expressed to Nathan a strong desire to build a temple for Jehovah in his new capital, a wish indicative of worldly wisdom as well as piety on the part of the king. Jehovah denies David’s request, but promises to build for him an everlasting house, a dynasty without end. Psalms 2, 110 are founded on this notable promise, and the author of Psalms 89 in a far later time, when David’s throne had been overturned by the heathen, reminds Jehovah of His ancient promise, and pleads earnestly for the speedy passing of His wrath. In the period after the return from Babylon, the author of the last section of Zechariah (Zechariah 12:7 to Zechariah 13:1) describes the glories of the coming time in connexion with the Davidic dynasty: ‘The house of David shall be as God, as the angel of Jehovah before them. Jehovah Himself is Israel’s King for ever and ever (Psalms 17:1); but the Son of David is His chosen to overthrow the heathen, and institute a righteous reign in Israel (17:30, 42f
God - ) "Lord" in small letters stands for Hebrew ADONAI in KJV, but in capitals ("LORD") for Jehovah. ELYON, SHADDAI, and Jehovah are never used but of GOD; Jehovah the personal God of the Jews, and of the church in particular
Zechariah, the Book of - (2) The second section is entitled "The burden of the word of Jehovah for Israel. But in that day Jehovah shall come to save them an all the nations which gather themselves against Jerusalem shall be destroyed. Half of their cruel work has been accomplished, when Jehovah himself appears on behalf of his people
Obadiah - Obadiah (ôla-dî'ah or ŏb'a-dî'ah), servant of Jehovah
Mercy Seat - The propitiatory was the most sacred object of the Hebrew worship; it was looked upon as the throne of Jehovah who, from above the propitiatory, from between the cherubim, spoke to Moses and issued His commands to the children of Israel
Speckled Bird - The people of Israel is compared to a bird of prey , just as, on account of its hostility to Jehovah, it is compared in v
Johanan - Whom Jehovah graciously bestows
Thunder - on (Amos 4:7 ) In the imaginative philosophy of the Hebrews, thunder was regarded as the voice of Jehovah, (Job 37:2,4,5 ; 40:9 ; Psalm 18:13 ; 29:3-9 ; Isaiah 30:30,31 ) who dwelt behind the thunder-cloud
Joel (2) - 2:18-3:21 contains the blessings which Jehovah will confer upon the chosen people, and announces when the Messiah has come, the outpouring of the Spirit and the complete conquest of Judah over her foes, resulting in absolute and unbreakable peace
Branch, the - " He will "build [1] the temple of Jehovah; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both
Beggars - The Psalmist said that during the whole of his life he had not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread, Psalm 37:25 ; whereas of a wicked one, typical of Judas, it is said, "Let his children be continually vagabonds and beg," Psalm 109:10 ; but in bringing in strength and salvation Jehovah "lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes," 1 Samuel 2:8
Sabaoth, Lord of - In contrast, Jehovah is the Lord of them, therefore alone to be worshipped
God - The name commonly known in English is Jehovah
Worms - In blessing Israel Jehovah said, "Fear not, thou worm Jacob," Isaiah 41:14 ; and the Lord, to indicate the low estate in which He was, said, "I am a worm and no man
Minister - ' The priests were the ministers of Jehovah
Amaziah - Amaziah (ăm-a-zî'ah), whom Jehovah strengthens
Habakkuk - Habakkuk 3:1-19 is a sublime and beautiful ode, in which the prophet implores the succor of Jehovah in view of his mighty works of ancient days, and expresses the most assured trust in him
Sabaoth - Jehovah SABAOTH is the Lord of Hosts; and we are to understand the word hosts in the most comprehensive sense, as including the host of heaven, the angels and minister of the Lord; the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; the armies of earth, whose conflicts his providence overrules to the accomplishment of his own wise designs; the hordes of inferior creatures, as the locusts that plagued Egypt, the quails that fed Israel, and "the canker-worm and the palmer-worm, his great army," Joel 2:15 ; and lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenants, a truly great army, of which God is the general and commander, 2 Samuel 6:2 Psalm 24:10 Romans 9:29 James 5:4
Joz'Abad - (Jehovah justifies )
Jeho'Hanan - (whom Jehovah gave ), a name of which John is the contraction
Demon - In the place of the name of Jehovah, by his appointed messengers, (Acts 19:15 ) and looked forward in terror to the judgment to come
Jehoiada - Jehovah-known
Bochim - He identifies Himself with Jehovah, as no created angel would do. Their sacrificing to the Lord at Bochim, where there was no sanctuary, implies that the angel was Jehovah Himself, whose appearing at any place justified the offering of sacrifices there (Judges 6:20; Judges 6:26; Judges 6:28; 2 Samuel 24:25). The Angel Prince of Jehovah's host announced to Joshua at Gilgal the fall of Jericho, directly after their rolling away the reproach of Egypt by circumcision, whence the place got its name (Gilgal "rolling") (Joshua 5:2-15)
Manoah - But when they behold him thus go up in the flame, to give an acceptableness to their poor sacrifice, then they knew that it was that Glorious Holy One whom Jehovah had sworn into his office as High Priest for ever. The man knew by this that it was Jehovah the Son, and not a created angel; and as such, he said, "We shall surely die, because we have seen God," agreeably to the Lord's own declaration, "Thou canst not see my face and live?" (Exodus 33:20)...
There is one beauty more in this transaction, and which serves to confirm this blessed doctrine, that this supposed angel was Christ; and that is, that when Manoah asked his name, the angel of the Lord said unto him, "Why askest thou my after name seeing it is secret?" In the margin of the Bible it is rendered, "seeing it is wonderful
Three - They called the Father, Jehovah, and the Son, the Word or Memur: and the Holy Ghost, Ruach. It must be confessed, (for it maybe be very safely allowed without the smallest injury to the true faith,) that there are numbers among the Jews of modern times, who from the ignorance of their mind and blinded understanding, are looking for the Messiah in the simple humanity of the man, and know nothing of Jehovah in his threefold personality of character
Heaven - HEAVEN and HEAVEN OF HEAVENS...
are expressions generally made use of to denote the more immediate place where Jehovah hath fixed his throne. "Thus saith the Lord, The heaen is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest?" (Isaiah 66:1) But Solomon breaks out in an expression, as one overwhelmed with surprise and wonder in the contemplation: "But will God indeed (said he) dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven, and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee!" (1 Kings 8:27) But what would this mighty monarch have said, had he lived to have seen the Lord of heaven and earth tabernacling in the substance of our flesh?...
But, though, according to the language of Scripture, we call that place heaven which John saw opened, and where the more immediate presence of the Lord is gloriously displayed, yet it were to limit the Holy One of Israel to suppose, that Jehovah dwelleth in any place, to the exclusion of his presence or glory elsewhere. In the immensity of his GODHEAD, and the ubiquity of his nature and essence, he is every where; and, consequently, that place is heaven where Jehovah'S presence, in grace, and favour, and glory, is manifested
Lord - ...
The same Greek word is often used in the LXX for the Hebrew name Jehovah, and is transferred to the N. It stands as a proper name in the sense of Jehovah, as in Matthew 1:20,22,24 , etc
Light - The Psalmist asked Jehovah to lift upon him the light of His countenance ( Psalm 4:6 ), and declared that Jehovah Himself was his light, Psalm 27:1
Calf - Some suppose it was intended to honor Jehovah by these visible symbols, or at least to mix his worship with that of idols. For example, Aaron proclaimed "a feast to the Lord," Exodus 32:5; and Jeroboam, we may fairly believe, never hoped to keep his subjects from resorting to Jerusalem, by at once setting up a god in downright opposition to Jehovah
Saul - Saul, however, in two instances, forgot that he was subject to Jehovah, the invisible King. Hence Jehovah commanded Samuel to anoint David privately, as Saul's successor to the kingdom
Solomon - He was also called the wisest of men, and Jedidiah = friend of Jehovah. His arbitrary exercise of the royal power, however, his numerous harem, the introduction of cavalry, the expenditure of the royal house, and his toleration of idolatry in the land of Jehovah, led him into weak and sinful indulgences
Lord - In scripture, the Supreme Being Jehovah. When Lord, in the Old Testament, is prints in capitals, it is the translation of Jehovah, and so might, with more propriety, be rendered
God - In either case the expression implies the eternal self-existence of Jehovah, and his incomprehensible nature. The name I AM means the same as Jehovah , the first person being used instead of he third
Joshua - Henceforth, Jehovah's name is prefixed, Jehovah by him would save Israel (Numbers 13:16). This forms the contrast in the Antitype (Matthew 1:21), "thou shalt call His name Jesus, for Himself (Greek, not merely 'Jehovah by him') shall save His people. The people would have stoned both, but the glory of Jehovah suddenly appeared in the tabernacle. Moses shortly before death, by Jehovah's direction, solemnly invested Joshua with authority as his successor. Joshua was inferior to Moses in standing before Eleazar the high priest to inquire through him and his Urim and Thummim, of Jehovah; Moses enjoyed direct communion with God. God Himself recognizes Joshua in it by summoning him into the tabernacle with Moses, while the divine pillar of cloud manifested Jehovah's presence (compare Numbers 11:25; Numbers 12:5). Jehovah's "charge" by Moses was: "be strong and of a good courage, for thou shalt bring the children of Israel into the land which I sware unto them, and I will be with thee. Jehovah repeated the charge (Joshua 1:1-9), enjoining" courage" in "doing according to all the law, turning not from it to the right or left," and promising consequent prosperity and Jehovah's continual presence as "his God wheresoever he went. ...
Joshua took the command at Shittim, sent spies to Jericho, crossed Jordan, fortified his camp at Gilgal, circumcised the people (for Israel's work was a spiritual one, and men still having the badge of fleshliness were not fit agents for the Lord's work: Joshua 10:40; Judges 5:31), kept the Passover, (after which on their eating the old grain of the land the manna ceased,) and received the assurance of Jericho's fall and God's fighting against Israel's foes from the uncreated Angel of Jehovah (Joshua 5:13-15; Joshua 6:2-5), the Captain of Jehovah's host (Matthew 26:53; Exodus 23:20-23; Revelation 19:11-14). The charge "loose thy shoe from off thy feet" identifies Him with the Jehovah of Exodus 3:5. Ganneau suggests that Sartabeh the mountain was the spot whereon the Captain of Jehovah's host, Hebrew: Sarsaba , appeared to Joshua, and thence takes its name. ) By neglecting to consult Jehovah Joshua was entrapped into the league with Gibeon; but having sworn he honourably kept his oath (Psalms 15:4; Ecclesiastes 5:2; contrast 2 Samuel 21:2-6, etc. ...
A long time after Jehovah had given rest unto Israel from all foes, Joshua, now old, convened all Israel (Joshua 23) represented by their heads, judges, and officers, to either Timhath Serah his home or Shiloh the sanctuary, and exhorted them to love and serve Jehovah ("be ye very courageous to do all that is written in the law, turn not aside to the right or to the left," Joshua 23:6; the same as God had enjoined Himself, Joshua 1:7), constrained by His past benefits, His promises of future help, and His threats of leaving the nations to be snares, scourges, and thorns to vex and destroy Israel in the event of apostasy. His piety comes brightly out in his dying exhortation:...
(1) God's call to Abraham was one of pure grace, not for his merit; Israel's fathers and Terah had "served other gods" (Joshua 24:2; Joshua 24:14; Genesis 31:53; Genesis 19:34), but Jehovah has through miraculous interposition brought Israel to the promised land; put away therefore all the gods ye served in Egypt (Leviticus 17:7; Ezekiel 20:18; Joshua 24:14); but, if not,...
(2) choose you (if you are bent on self destruction) which idols you like, "but as for me and my house (Genesis 18:19) we will serve the Lord" (compare Ruth 1:15; 1 Kings 18:21; John 6:67; Luke 10:42). See Joshua 24:23, "put away the strange gods which are IN you," heart idols, inconsistent with the service of Jehovah who is "a jealous God" (Ezekiel 20:39). On the people expressing still their resolution to serve Jehovah, Joshua made a covenant between God and them; and wrote the covenant and the words spoken on both sides in the law book of God, adding it to that written by Moses, and set up a stone as a memorial on the spot, under a terebinth tree by the sanctuary (or place hallowed to Jehovah by Abraham), and as a visible silent witness of their engagement. ...
A pious warrior, almost without blemish, one who learned to command in advanced age by obeying when a youth, ever looking up to Jehovah with childlike faith, worshipping with devout prostration the Captain of the Lord's host, dispensing kingdoms yet content at the last with a petty inheritance, as disinterested and unselfish as he was brave, generous, and patriotic
Jeremi'ah - (whom Jehovah has appointed ) was "the son of Hilkiah of the priests that were in Anathoth. He was accordingly accused of treachery, and men claiming to be prophets had the "word of Jehovah" to set against his. He did not shrink, even there, from speaking of the Chaldean king once more as "the servant of Jehovah. " "The nation tried to extirpate the religion of Jehovah;" "Idolatry was openly established," "and such was the universal dishonesty that no man trusted another, and society was utterly disorganized
Jeremi'ah - (whom Jehovah has appointed ) was "the son of Hilkiah of the priests that were in Anathoth. He was accordingly accused of treachery, and men claiming to be prophets had the "word of Jehovah" to set against his. He did not shrink, even there, from speaking of the Chaldean king once more as "the servant of Jehovah. " "The nation tried to extirpate the religion of Jehovah;" "Idolatry was openly established," "and such was the universal dishonesty that no man trusted another, and society was utterly disorganized
Atonement, the Day of - On one lot " For Jehovah " was inscribed, and on the other " For Azazel . After various sacrifices and ceremonies the goat upon which the lot " For Jehovah " had fallen was slain and the high priest sprinkled its blood before the mercy-seat in the same manner as he had done that of the bullock. It has been generally considered that it was dismissed to signify the carrying away of the sins of the people, as it were, out of the sight of Jehovah. If we keep in view that the two goats are spoken of as parts of one and the same sin offering, we shall not have much difficulty in seeing that they form together but one symbolical expression; the slain goat setting forth the act of sacrifice, in giving up its own life for others "to Jehovah;" and the goat which carried off its load of sin "for complete removal" signifying the cleansing influence of faith in that sacrifice
Omri - Omri (ŏm'rî), pupil of Jehovah
Ashes - 'Dust and ashes' was the figure Abraham used of himself before Jehovah, Genesis 18:27 ; and Job said he had become like them by the hand of God
Moriah - The chosen of Jehovah
Moreh - Here Joshua set up a great stone by the sanctuary of Jehovah (Joshua 24:26, compare Deuteronomy 11:30)
Oholah And Oholibah - Though both were wedded to Jehovah, they were seduced by the gallant officers of the East, Samaria being led astray by Assyria and Jerusalem by Babylon
Tetragrammaton (Yhwh) - It is from these four letters that the name of God is derived and has been rendered as Yahweh and Jehovah
Hill - The "holy hill," "hill of Jehovah," etc
Famine - In speaking of the tribulations that will come upon Israel before the remnant of them are brought into blessing, Amos prophesies that there will be a famine of the 'words of Jehovah
Arm - The arm of Jehovah is often spoken of in the O
Seed - (Jeremiah 31:27) And it is used in a spiritual sense when the faithful in Christ Jesus are called the seed of Abraham, (Galatians 3:29) And yet in a still more peculiar, personal, and eminent manner when considered in relation to our union with Christ; "I will pour my Spirit (saith Jehovah to Christ) upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring
Nabal - He had no faith to discern in David the anointed of Jehovah
Poor - that "the poor should never cease out of the land," and in the enactments of the law they were cared for by Jehovah
Adore - Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, can be the only object of adoration; and this, through the glorious mediator, the Lord Jesus Christ
Clean - (1 John 1:7) Here is the laver, the fountain, for sin and for all uncleanness, which Jehovah hath opened
Fountain - This word is used in Scripture to denote the spring and source of divine life to the church; and what is worthy of remark, as if to confirm the fundamental truth of our holy faith, in that of Jehovah existing in a threefold character of persons, this word is equally applied to each and to all
Ada'Iah - (adorned by Jehovah )
Circumcision - A Jewish rite which Jehovah enjoined upon Abraham, the father of the Israelites, as the token of the covenant, which assured to him the promise of the Messiah
Jeho-i'Achin - (whom Jehovah has appointed ), son of Jehoiakim, and for three months and ten days king of Judah
Murder - It prohibited compensation or reprieve of the murderer, or his protection if he took refuge in the refuge city, or even at the altar of Jehovah
Jerubbaal - Philo of Bybhs, in his revision of Sanehoniatho, calls him Hierombal, priest of Jeue, or Jahve, or Jehovah
Urim And Thummim - Joshua, when desiring counsel to guide Israel, was to "stand before Eleazar the priest, who should ask it for him after the judgment of Urim before Jehovah" (Numbers 27:21). More probably stones with Jehovah's name and attributes, "lights" and "perfections," engraven on them were folded within the ephod. No image was tolerated on the Hebrew high priest; but in his choshen the white diamond or rock crystal engraven with "Jehovah," to which in Revelation 2:17 the "white stone" with the "new name written" corresponds, belonging to all believers, the New Testament king-priests. Never after David are the ephod and its Urim and Thummim and breast-plate used in consulting Jehovah
Elijah - ...
In the third year the time had at length arrived for the rights of Jehovah to be vindicated before all Israel, to the confusion of the followers of Baal. This man, though in such apostate surroundings, was truly pious, and had befriended Jehovah's prophets when Jezebel had sought to slay them. Charged with troubling Israel, the prophet in the power of God rejoined that the guilt of this lay on Ahab and on his house, in forsaking Jehovah for Baal. Nothing can exceed the interest of this moment when the question raised was whether Jehovah or Baal was the God. Sustained by the mighty power of Jehovah, His faithful servant directed everything. He repaired Jehovah's altar that was broken down, building it of twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of Israel, he offered his sacrifice, deluged three times with water the altar, wood, and victim, till the trench around the altar was full; then offered up in the hearing of Israel an affecting prayer to the "Jehovah God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel," upon which the fire of the Lord fell, and all was consumed, the sacrifice, wood, stones, dust, and water. "Jehovah, He is the God" was the twice repeated cry of Israel in view of these things; and, controlled by the power of God in the prophet, they, at his bidding, seized the prophets of Baal, who were to a man slain by him. ...
We have now reached the closing scene of this truly remarkable man's long and faithful service for Jehovah. Elijah's testimony was given in righteousness: his ministry demanded that the righteous claims of God as the Jehovah of His people should be satisfied
Elijah - ...
In the third year the time had at length arrived for the rights of Jehovah to be vindicated before all Israel, to the confusion of the followers of Baal. This man, though in such apostate surroundings, was truly pious, and had befriended Jehovah's prophets when Jezebel had sought to slay them. Charged with troubling Israel, the prophet in the power of God rejoined that the guilt of this lay on Ahab and on his house, in forsaking Jehovah for Baal. Nothing can exceed the interest of this moment when the question raised was whether Jehovah or Baal was the God. Sustained by the mighty power of Jehovah, His faithful servant directed everything. He repaired Jehovah's altar that was broken down, building it of twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of Israel, he offered his sacrifice, deluged three times with water the altar, wood, and victim, till the trench around the altar was full; then offered up in the hearing of Israel an affecting prayer to the "Jehovah God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel," upon which the fire of the Lord fell, and all was consumed, the sacrifice, wood, stones, dust, and water. "Jehovah, He is the God" was the twice repeated cry of Israel in view of these things; and, controlled by the power of God in the prophet, they, at his bidding, seized the prophets of Baal, who were to a man slain by him. ...
We have now reached the closing scene of this truly remarkable man's long and faithful service for Jehovah. Elijah's testimony was given in righteousness: his ministry demanded that the righteous claims of God as the Jehovah of His people should be satisfied
Jehoshaphat - ("he whom Jehovah judges". "He walked in the first ways of his father David (before his sin with Bathsheba), and sought not unto Baalim (whether Baal or other false god, or worshipping Jehovah by an image which degrades Him to the level of Baal, Judges 2:11), but to the Lord God of his fathers, and not after the doings of Israel (worshipping Jehovah through the golden calves). ...
But "the high places (of Jehovah) were not taken away, for as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers. " All that depended on him he did, but the people could not yet rise up to his spirituality so as to worship Jehovah without any visible altar save the one at Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 20:32-33). He utterly abolished the idol high places and, as far as he could, the unlawful Jehovah high places, but was unable thoroughly to get rid of the latter (1 Kings 15:14; 1 Kings 22:43). ) A fatal union (1 Corinthians 15:33)! Many facts attest the intimacy between the two dynasties; (See ELIJAH'S avoiding Judah when fleeing from Ahab; the same names given in the two families; Jehovah's name compounded in names of Ahab's idolatrous children; Jehoshaphat's readiness to go with (See AHAB to battle at Ramoth Gilead. "He feared, set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout Judah," so that "out of all the cities they came to ask help of Jehovah. " The "little ones, wives, and children," standing before Jehovah, by their very helplessness were a powerful plea with the compassionate God. On the fourth day was the blessing of Jehovah in Berachah valley, then the return and the thanksgiving in the house of God
Earth - Naaman asked for two mules' burden of earth (2 Kings 5:17 ), under the superstitious notion that Jehovah, like the gods of the heathen, could be acceptably worshipped only on his own soil
Jehoram - Jehoram (je-hô'ram), whom Jehovah has exalted
Adaiah - ADAIAH (‘Jehovah has adorned’)
Micah - A shortened form of Micaiah, who is like Jehovah?
A man of Mount Ephraim, whose history so far is introduced in Judges 17 , apparently for the purpose of leading to an account of the settlement of the tribe of Dan in Northern Palestine, and for the purpose also of illustrating the lawlessness of the times in which he lived (Judges 18 ; 19:1-29 ; 21:25 )
Judah - odeh]'>[1] Jehovah, and she called his name Yehudah" (Genesis 29:35 )
Malachi, Prophecies of - The whole consists of three sections, preceded by an introduction (Malachi 1:1-5 ), in which the prophet reminds Israel of Jehovah's love to them. The first section ((1:6-2:9)) contains a stern rebuke addressed to the priests who had despised the name of Jehovah, and been leaders in a departure from his worship and from the covenant, and for their partiality in administering the law
Ed - It is a witness between us that Jehovah is God
Meroz - The Angel of Jehovah who fought for Israel at Megiddo pronounces, through Deborah, Meroz' curse
Candle - Of the all-seeing accuracy with which Jehovah will search out sinners, so that in no dark grainer can they escape punishment (Zephaniah 1:12; Amos 9:3)
Nadab - He with his brothers and their father were consecrated as priests of Jehovah (Exodus 28:1 )
Gedaliah - Made great by Jehovah
Adonijah - My Lord is Jehovah
Whirlwind - ...
Jehovah speaks the word which sets the machine of providence in motion, "the wheel (cycle) of creation" or "nature"; James 3:6, ton trochon geneseos , one fourfold wheel, two circles cutting one another at right angles
Micah - Micah (mî'kah), who is like Jehovah? 1
Horns - Jehovah was David's horn of salvation
Jehoshaphat (2) - Jehoshaphat, Valley of, valley of the judgment of Jehovah
Beginning - Also to the eternity of Jehovah, 'the beginning and the end
Lip - Thus Jehovah takes to himself the sovereignty of this work, when he saith, (Isaiah 57:19) "I create the fruit of the lips" Hence the church is represented as speaking the effusions of the heart, when she saith; "So will we render thee the claves of our lips" (Hosea 14:2) And hence, when commending the beauties of Jesus, she saith; "his lips are like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh:" (Song of Song of Solomon 5:13) meaning, that so sweet and fragrant are Christ's words, his gospel of salvation, and his tokens of grace, so refreshing to the soul of a poor sinner conscious of the want of it; that as lilies, they charm and afford a sweet smelling savour, by which all the spiritual senses are ravished and made glad
Treasure - Jehovah promised the church by Moses, that he would command the blessing upon Israel in his storehouses, and in all that he would set his hand unto
Jair - Jair (jâ'ir), whom Jehovah enlightens
Israel - So again, Exodus 6:6-7) But what endears this name yet infinitely more is, that the Lord Jesus himself, as the glorious Head of his church and people, including both Jew and Gentile, calls himself by this name; and Jehovah doth the same by Christ
Nimrod - The words 'before the Lord' probably signify imperial energy and usurped authority in independence of Jehovah
is'Sachar -
A Korhite Levite, one of the door-keepers of the house of Jehovah, seventh son of Obed-edom
Loans - Jehovah, as the sole proprietor of the land occupied by the Jews, required them, as one condition of its use, to grant liberal loans to their poor brethren; and every seven years, the outstanding loans were to become gifts, and could not be reclaimed
e'Bal, Mount, - a mount in the promised land, on which the Israelites were to "put" the curse which should fall upon them if they disobeyed the commandments of Jehovah
Fire - is represented as the symbol of Jehovah's presence and the instrument of his power, in the way either of approval or of destruction. There could not be a better symbol for Jehovah than this of fire, it being immaterial, mysterious, but visible, warming, cheering, comforting, but also terrible and consuming
Elisha - " He was subordinate; so the sons of the prophets represent it: "Jehovah will take away thy master (Elijah) from thy head" (2 Kings 2:3). ...
The mission of Elijah, as his name implied, was to bring Israel to confess that Jehovah alone is God ('Εel ); Elisha further taught them, as his name implies, that Jehovah if so confessed would prove the salvation of His people. Hence, Elisha's work is that of quiet beneficence; Elijah's that of judicial sternness upon all rebels against Jehovah. The latter presents himself with the announcement, "as Jehovah God of Israel liveth . there shall not be dew nor rain these years": the first miracle of the former is, "thus saith Jehovah, I have healed these waters (by casting in salt, the symbol of grace and incorruption), there shall not be from thence any more death or barren land. ...
The God-hating spirit which prevailed at calf-worshipping Bethel betrayed itself in these boys, who insulted the prophet of Jehovah knowingly. Elisha, not in personal revenge but as Jehovah's minister, by God's inspiration, pronounced their doom. " Gehazi, like Jesus' disciples (Matthew 15:23; Matthew 19:13), would have thrust her away when she clasped Elisha's feet (compare Matthew 28:9; Luke 7:38), but Elisha with sympathetic insight said, "Let her alone, for her soul is vexed within her, and Jehovah hath hid it from me. ) Elisha, entering the room, shuts to the door (Matthew 6:6), and there stretching himself twice on the child, mouth to mouth, eyes to eyes, and hands to hands (compare Acts 20:10; antitypically the dead stoner must come into contact with the living Jesus, 1 John 1), after Elijah's pattern, and praying to Jehovah, proved the omnipotence of prayer to quicken the dead; then he delivered the resuscitated son to the happy mother. for thus saith Jehovah, They shall eat, and leave thereof": a forerunner of Christ's miracle of feeding more men with fewer loaves, preceded by like want of faith on the disciples' part (Luke 9:18-17; John 6:9-13), and followed by a like leaving of abundance, after the multitude were fed. ...
In Syria it did not, as in Israel, exclude from intercourse; and Naaman was "great" in the presence of his master, and honored as "a mighty man in valor," because of being Jehovah's instrument in giving Syria victory. Naaman desires to take away two mules burden of earth, wherewith to make an altar to Jehovah of the holy land, a sensible memorial to remind him perpetually in his pagan country of Jehovah' s past favor bestowed on him in Israel (compare Joshua 4:20-21, and the mediaeval campo santos). but, as Jehovah liveth, I will take somewhat of him. ...
There Jehovah opened their eyes; and when the king of Israel would have smitten them, Elisha on the contrary caused him to "prepare great provision for them, and send them away. ...
Joram, in language identical with his mother Jezebel's threat against Elijah (1 Kings 19:2; 2 Kings 6:31), makes Elisha the scape-goat of the national calamity, as though his late act in leading the blinded Syrians to Samaria and glorifying Jehovah above Baal were the cause, or suspecting it was by Elisha's word of prayer, as it was by Elijah's formerly (1 Kings 17), that the famine came (See JEHORAM); "God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha shall stand on him this day. ...
"Behold," said the king, "this evil is of Jehovah; what, should I wait for Jehovah any longer?" (as thou exhortest me, Psalms 27:14. Elisha replies that as "this evil (the famine) is of Jehovah," so the suddenness of its removal by the morrow at "the word of Jehovah" would prove it not to be futile, as Joram said, to "wait for Jehovah. A lord on whose hand the king leaned answered that this could only be "if Jehovah would make windows in heaven. in the natural course): howbeit Jehovah showed me he shall surely die. Elisha, putting his hands on the king's (for God's hand must strengthen ours if we are to prosper, Genesis 49:24), bade Joash shoot toward the hostile land, saying, "the arrow of Jehovah's deliverance
King - ...
Jehovah was the sole King of the Jewish nation (1 Samuel 8:7 ; Isaiah 33:22 ). ...
The Hebrew kings did not rule in their own right, nor in name of the people who had chosen them, but partly as servants and partly as representatives of Jehovah, the true King of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1 )
Immanuel - Isaias in a first oracle inculcates the doctrine that in Jehovah, but in Him alone, salvation is to be found, and declares that lack of trust in Him will involve disaster: "If you will not believe, you shall not continue. The king, who is an idolater, does not deny Jehovah's power to work a miracle, but is doubtless equally convinced of the power of the gods of Assyria; he hypocritically refuses to "tempt the Lord. When the House of David sees the country overrun, first by the Syrians and the Israelites of the north and then by those very Assyrians in whom they place their trust, then they will be reminded of Isaias's teaching that "salvation is in Jehovah
Omri - ("servant of Jehovah". Determined and unscrupulous he "walked in Jeroboam's sin of the calf worship, provoking Jehovah God of Israel to anger with vanities
Phinehas - By his zeal in avenging the Lord's cause on the Simeonitc prince Zimri, and Cosbi his Midianite paramour, Phinehas turned away Jehovah's wrath, making an atonement for Israel, and was given Jehovah's covenant of peace, an everlasting priesthood (Numbers 25; Psalms 106:30-31). Phinehas, with the holy instruments and trumpets to blow, accompanied the expedition which avenged Jehovah and Israel on Midian (Numbers 31:6, etc. ...
Lastly Phinehas stood before the ark inquiring of Jehovah for Israel, "shall I go yet again
Emmanuel Title - Isaias in a first oracle inculcates the doctrine that in Jehovah, but in Him alone, salvation is to be found, and declares that lack of trust in Him will involve disaster: "If you will not believe, you shall not continue. The king, who is an idolater, does not deny Jehovah's power to work a miracle, but is doubtless equally convinced of the power of the gods of Assyria; he hypocritically refuses to "tempt the Lord. When the House of David sees the country overrun, first by the Syrians and the Israelites of the north and then by those very Assyrians in whom they place their trust, then they will be reminded of Isaias's teaching that "salvation is in Jehovah
Josiah - Healed by Jehovah, or Jehovah will support. He stands foremost among all the kings of the line of David for unswerving loyalty to Jehovah (23:25)
Salvation, Saviour - As illustrations of this OT meaning of salvation may be taken the words of Moses at the Red Sea, ‘Stand still, and see the salvation of Jehovah’ ( Exodus 14:13 ) ‘He is become my salvation’ ( Exodus 15:2 ); or the avowal of the psalmist, ‘This poor man cried, and Jehovah heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles’ ( Psalms 34:6 ). Jehovah is said to have given ‘saviours’ to Israel in the time of the Judges ( Nehemiah 9:27 ). When, therefore, the people had turned their backs on Jehovah, and abandoned themselves to wickedness, salvation could come only through a change of heart, through repentance
War - Jehovah as "a man of war" was at their head (Exodus 15:1; Exodus 15:3; Exodus 13:20-22); under Him they won their first victory, that over Amalek (Exodus 17:8-16). The 68th Psalm of David takes its starting point from Israel's military watchword under Jehovah in marching against the enemy (Numbers 10:35-36). ...
Jehovah manifests Himself in human form as "the Captain of the host of the Lord. " Antitypically, the spiritual Israel under Jehovah battle against Satan with spiritual arms (2 Corinthians 10:4-5; Ephesians 6:10-17; 1 Thessalonians 5:8; 1 Thessalonians 6:12; 2 Timothy 2:3; 2 Timothy 4:7; Revelation 6:2)
Holiness - In short, the very term means Jehovah himself, for he, and and he only, is holy in the abstract. (Acts 10:38)...
But what I beg the reader particularly to observe with me, under this glorious distinction of character, belonging to each and to all the persons of the GODHEAD, is the very peculiar manner in which the holiness of Jehovah is spoken of in Scripture. When Isaiah saw Christ's glory, (see Isaiah 6:1-13 compared with John 12:41) the acclamations of the heavenly host resounded to the praises of Jehovah, under thrice ascriptions of the same, to the holiness of the Lord. (See Ephesians 5:25-272) Certainly (this Trisagium,) this peculiar adoration of Jehovah in the holiness of his nature, rather than to any of the other perfections of the Lord, must have a meaning. Wherefore this divine attribute should be singled out, rather than the faithfulness of Jehovah, which we know the Lord delights in, (see Deuteronomy 7:9) or the eternity of Jehovah, which the Lord describes himself by, (see Isaiah 57:15) I dare not venture even to conjecture. " (Psalms 27:4) I must not forget, under this article yet farther to observe, that the thrice ascribing holiness to Jehovah in the song of heaven, hath been uniformly and invariably considered by the church, as the suited adoration to each person of the GODHEAD, and, at the same time, to all, collectively considered, in the one glorious and eternal Jehovah, existing in a threefold character of persons,"Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. (1 John 5:7)...
Having thus briefly considered the subject, as referring to the holiness of Jehovah in his own eternal power and GODHEAD, the subject must now be considered in reference to the person of the God-man Christ Jesus, and then to the church in him. ...
As strictly and properly speaking, the term "holy" can belong to none but Jehovah, and so the song of Hannah beautifully set forth, (1 Samuel 2:2) so none but the person of the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Christ of God, can be holy. First, as beheld in the persons of the GODHEAD, in the very being of Jehovah
Saul - ...
His magnanimity too appears in his not allowing any to be killed of those whom the people desired to slay for saying "shall Saul reign over us?" Pious humility then breathed in his ascription of the deliverance to Jehovah, not himself (1 Samuel 11:12-13). Self will, impatience, and the spirit of disobedience made him offer without, waiting the time appointed by Jehovah's prophet; he obeyed so far and so long only as obedience did not require crossing of his self will. Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto Jehovah; I forced myself therefore (he ought to have forced himself to obey not disobey; necessity, is often the plea for sacrificing principle to expediency) and offered. )...
The same reckless and profane impatience appears in Saul; he consults Jehovah by the priest Ahiah (1 Samuel 14:18 read with Septuagint, "bring here the ephod, for he took the ephod that day in the presence of Israel"; for the ark was not usually taken out, but only the ephod, for consultation, and the ark was now at Kirjath Jearim, not in Saul's little camp); then at the increasing tumult in the Philistine host, impatient to join battle, interrupted the priest, "withdraw thine hand," i. Contrast David's patient and implicit following of Jehovah's will, inquired through the priest, in attacking in front as well as in taking a circuit behind the Philistines (2 Samuel 5:19-25). The same self complacent blindness to his sin appears in his words to Samuel, "I have performed the commandment of Jehovah. ...
He shifts the blame on "the people" and makes religion a cloak, saying the object was "to sacrifice unto Jehovah, thy God. As Saul rejected Jehovah's word so He rejected Saul "from being king. " In 1 Chronicles 10:13 "Saul died for his transgression (Hebrew maal , 'prevarication,' shuffling, not doing yet wishing to appear to do, God's will) against Jehovah, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit. As the Spirit of Jehovah came upon David from the day of his anointing (1 Samuel 16:13-14), so an evil spirit from (it is never said OF) Jehovah troubled Saul, and the Spirit of Jehovah departed from hint. But Jehovah, "in whose hand the king's heart is, to turn it wheresoever He will" (Proverbs 21:1), caused him who came to persecute to prophesy with the prophets. )...
By slaying the priests, so that Abiathar alone escaped to David, Saul's sin recoiled on himself, for Saul thereby supplied him whom he hated with one through whom to consult Jehovah, and deprived himself of the divine oracle, so that at last he had to have recourse to witchcraft, though he had himself tried to extirpate it (1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 28:3-7, etc. " The "deep sleep from Jehovah" on Saul enabled David unobserved to take spear and cruse from Saul's bolster. giving up to the manifestation of thine own) evil be from Jehovah, through His anger against thee for sin, let Him smell sacrifice" (Hebrew), i. appease God's wrath by an acceptable sacrifice; "but if thy instigators be men, they drive me out from attaching (Hebrew) myself to the inheritance of Jehovah (the Holy Land); now therefore let not my blood fall to the earth far away from the face of Jehovah," i
Psalms - As Jehoshaphat was "in the fore front" of the returning people (2 Chronicles 20:27), so "Jehovah with the sound of a trumpet went up" to His earthly temple (Psalms 47:5). The only times of such additions were those of religious revivals, namely, under Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, and Josiah (to whose reign probably belong Psalm 77; Psalm 92; Psalm 100; this series has the common theme, Jehovah's manifestation for His people's comfort and their foes' confusion). So strange had "ΕLΟΗΙΜ " become in later times that only the Jehovah psalms of David were inserted in the later books, excepting David's Psalm 108 introductory to Psalm 109 and Psalm 110. In Book I "Jehovah" occurs 272 times, Elohim 15 times; in Book II, Elohim 164 times, Jehovah 30 times; in Book III, Jehovah 44 times, Elohim 43 times; in Book IV, Jehovah 103 times, Elohim, not once; in Book V, Jehovah 236 times, Elohim 7 times. " The pagan regarded Jehovah as designating the local God of Israel, but not God absolutely, possessing the whole fullness of the Godhead. So David felt it unnecessary to express "Jehovah," because He was unquestionably Israel's God; it was only contested whether He was Elohim. David boldly, in the face of mighty nations, asserts the nullity of their gods and the sole Godhead of Jehovah; compare Psalms 18:31, "who is Elohim but Jehovah?" Jehovah is understood before Elohim in Elohim psalms, as the doxology at the end of the second book recognizes, "blessed be Jehovah Elohim" (Psalms 72:18). Latterly when the falsely called Elohim of surrounding nations began to be honoured in Israel the term gave place to Jehovah for expressing the true God. The first book (Psalm 1-4) the Davidic-Jehovah psalms. Psalm 73-89, the Jehovah psalms of David's singers; of Asaph (Psalm 73; Psalm 83), of the sons of Korah (Psalm 84-89). Thus in the arrangement the Jehovah psalms (Jehovah being the fundamental name) enclose the Elohim psalms; so the first book doxology begins with Jehovah; the second has, let Jehovah Elohim be praised; the third, let Jehovah be praised
Amos - The direct call from God to testify against the unrighteousness of both kingdoms had probably come to him not long before; and amidst the throng at Bethel he proclaimed his vision of Jehovah standing with a plumb-line to measure the deflection of Israel, and prepared to punish the iniquity of the house of Jeroboam II. The assumption is that each people is subject to the dominion of Jehovah. ...
(i) His view of Jehovah . Hitherto Jehovah had been thought of as a Deity whose power over His own people was absolute, but who ceased to have influence when removed from certain geographical surroundings ( 1 Kings 20:23 ). The existence of other gods had not been questioned even by the most pious of the Israelites; they denied only that these other gods had any claim over the life of the people of Jehovah. Jehovah is the God of the whole earth. ...
(ii) The relationship of Jehovah to Israel . Amos, in common with his countrymen, considered the relation of Jehovah to Israel to be a special one. Jehovah’s first demands were morality and justice and kindliness, and any sacrificial system that removed the emphasis from these things and placed it on the observance of ritual was an abomination ( Amos 5:21-25 ). With this broad view of history, a view from which the idea of special privilege is excluded, he sees in the northern power the instrument of Jehovah’s anger ( Amos 5:27 , Amos 6:14 ); a power that even in its self-aggrandisement is working out Jehovah’s purpose. In that direct vision of Jehovah, Amos learned the truths which he was the first to proclaim to the world: that Jehovah was the God of the whole earth; that the nations were in His keeping; that justice and righteousness were His great demands; that privilege, if it meant opportunity, meant likewise responsibility and liability to the doom of those who have seen and have not believed
Jeremiah - ("exalted of Jehovah") (Jerome); ("appointed of Jehovah") (Gesenius); ("Jehovah throws") (Hengstenberg); compare Jeremiah 25:9-12. The independent history (2 Chronicles 35:25; 2 Chronicles 36:12; 2 Chronicles 36:21) mentions his "lamentation for Josiah," Zedekiah's "not humbling himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of Jehovah," and the Babylonian captivity "to fulfill Jehovah's word by the mouth of Jeremiah until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths, for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath to fulfill threescore and ten years" (Jeremiah 27:7; Jeremiah 1:10; Jeremiah 26:6-7; Luke 4:24-290). , the 13th of Josiah's reign, while a mere youth at Anathoth, three miles from Jerusalem (Jeremiah 1:2), "the word of Jehovah came to him" just as manhood was opening out to him, calling him to lay aside his natural sensitiveness and timid self distrust, and as Jehovah's minister, by the might of Jehovah's efficacious word, to "root out . " To his pleas of childlike inability to speak (as Moses, Exodus 3:11-12; Exodus 4:10-12; and Isaiah, Isaiah 6:5-8), Jehovah opposes His mission and His command: "thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak. " To his fear of men's faces Jehovah declares "I am with thee to deliver thee. " Touching Jeremiah's mouth (as Isaiah's; compare Jesus' touch, Matthew 9:21-29), Jehovah put His words in the prophet's mouth, so that the prophetic word became divinely efficient to produce its own fulfillment; even as the Word was the efficient cause of creation. ...
Five years after his call to prophesy the book of the law was found in the temple by Hilkiah (2 Kings 22:8; 2 Kings 23:25); then Jeremiah in Jehovah's name proclaimed, "Hear ye this covenant, and speak (it in your turn to others, namely,) unto the men of Judah and Jerusalem. " Next Jehovah commanded Jeremiah to take a prophetic tour, proclaiming the covenant through the cities of Judah, as well as in Jerusalem (Jeremiah 11:1-2; Jeremiah 11:6). He knew not of their plotting against his life until Jehovah revealed it. By Jehovah's direction Jeremiah was to have neither wife or children (Jeremiah 16:2), in order to symbolize the coming of calamities on Judea so severe that the single state (contrary to the natural order) would be preferable to the married (1 Corinthians 7:8; 1 Corinthians 7:26; 1 Corinthians 7:29; Matthew 24:19; Luke 23:29). Like Asaph (Psalm 73) he felt perplexed at the prosperity of the wicked (Jeremiah 12:1-4) plotters at Anathoth against his life (Jeremiah 11:19-21), to which Jehovah replies that even worse is before him at Jerusalem: "if thou hast run with the footmen (the Anathoth men), and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses (the men of Jerusalem)? And if (it is only) in a land of peace thou trustest (so the Hebrew is), then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?" Or else, if in the plain country alone thou art secure, how wilt thou do "in the pride (the wooded banks, the lair of beasts: Zechariah 11:3; 2 Kings 6:2 compare Proverbs 24:10) of Jordan?"...
Jeremiah sensitively shrank from strifes, yet the Holy Spirit enabled him to deliver his message at the certain cost of rousing enmity and having his sensitiveness wounded (Jeremiah 15:10). ) On Jehoiakim's accession idolatry returned, combined with the worship of Jehovah; and priests, prophets, and people soon brought Jeremiah before the authorities, urging that he should be put to death for denouncing evil against the temple and the city (Jeremiah 26:7-11). and more summarily in Jeremiah 26:1-2; Jeremiah 26:6, at the feast of tabernacles, when the law was commanded to be read, or at either of the other two great feasts, before the people of "all the cities of Judah," assembled for worship "in the court of Jehovah's house"; he "diminished not a word" through fear of offending. ) Jeremiah had shown his prophetic prescience by opposing as delusive what as a patriot he would have desired, the hopes cherished of his country's independence of Babylon (Jeremiah 27:1; Jeremiah 27:6-8): "thus saith Jehovah of hosts, I have made the earth . In the three months' reign of Jehoiachin, Jeconiah, or Coriah (the omission of the Jah marking his severance from Jehovah), Jeremiah prophesied the carrying away of the king and the queen mother Nehushta, daughter of Elnathan (Jeremiah 13:18; Jeremiah 22:24-30; 2 Kings 24:6; 2 Kings 24:8; 2 Kings 24:12; 2 Kings 24:15). After many days in the dungeon Zedekiah the king took him out, and inquired secretly (compare John 3:2; John 5:44; John 12:43; John 19:38), "is there any word from Jehovah?" Jeremiah without regard to his earthly interests (contrast Jeremiah 6:14; Isaiah 30:10; Ezekiel 13:10) foretold Zedekiah's being delivered up to Nebuchadnezzar, and begged not to be left to "die" in Jonathan's house. The false prophet Hananiah broke the yokes of wood; but Jehovah declared yokes of iron should be substituted, and that Hananiah should die; he accordingly died the seventh month of the same year. -The various parts are prefaced by the formula, "The word which came to Jeremiah from Jehovah. In the poetical parts there are 23 sections, divided into strophes of seven or nine verses, market by "Jehovah said also unto me
Malachi - Some have supposed that the name is simply a title descriptive of his character as a messenger of Jehovah, and not a proper name
Hilkiah - Portion of Jehovah
Habakkuk, Prophecies of - This book consists of three chapters, the contents of which are thus comprehensively described: "When the prophet in spirit saw the formidable power of the Chaldeans approaching and menacing his land, and saw the great evils they would cause in Judea, he bore his complaints and doubts before Jehovah, the just and the pure (1:2-17)
Baal (2) - "At that day, saith Jehovah, thou shalt call Me Ishi, and shalt call Me no more Baali
Meonenim, the Oak of - The inhabitants elected Abimelech king in the very place where Joshua renewed Israel's covenant with Jehovah, the true covenant God
Morter - The absence of the true uniting cement answers to the false prophet's lie, "thus saith Jehovah, when He had not spoken" (Ezekiel 22:28), false assurances of peace to flatter the people into non-submission to Nebuehadnezzar (Ezekiel 21:29; Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 23:16-17)
Shaphan - His family for two following generations played a worthy part as servants of Jehovah, and friends of the prophet Jeremiah: the Ahikam of 2 Kings 22:12-14 (= 2 Chronicles 34:20-22 ) and Jeremiah 26:24 , the Gemariah of Jeremiah 36:12 ; Jeremiah 36:25 , and Elasah ( Jeremiah 29:3 ) were Shaphan’s sons; the Micaiah of Jeremiah 36:11-12 , and Gedaliah (wh
Tobi'ah - (goodness of Jehovah )
Thunder - Rare in the clear air of Palestine in harvest time or summer, which shows how its coming at Samuel's call unto Jehovah was by divine agency (1 Samuel 12:17-18)
Inherit - --That thou mayest live, and inherit the land which Jehovah thy God giveth thee
Achsah - Her husband, Israel's judge and savior from Chushan Rishathaim, had through the Spirit of Jehovah the noble faith of the race: Judges 3:8-11
Interesting Facts About the Bible - ...
The word Jehovah occurs 6853 times in the Bible; the word and 35,543 times in the Old Testament, and 6853 times in the New Testament The shortest chapter in the Bible is Psalms 117:1-2
Cleave - ...
Cleave to Jehovah your God
Perez-Uzza - So David named Nachon's or Chidoh's threshing floor, because Jehovah made a breach or breaking forth on Uzzah for his presumptuous rashness in stretching forth his hand to support the shaken ark
Teraphim - But the prophecy speaks also of a coming day when they will seek Jehovah their God, and David their king, and enter into blessing
Temple - ) The edifice erected at Jerusalem for the worship of Jehovah
Branch - We find Christ spoken of, under the spirit of prophecy, by the Lord Jehovah, in this character by three of the prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Zechariah
Book - " Here we find the characters of those whose names are written in heaven fully drawn out, and they altogether correspond to those for whom Jehovah gave Christ as a covenant
Bow - Hence, in allusion to the same, Jehovah saith, "I do set my bow in the cloud
Mother - Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, (saith Jehovah by the prophet) which I have put away?--here mother means the synagogue
Almond, Almond Tree - The meaning is confirmed by Jeremiah 1:11,12 where the prophet saw an almond tree, and Jehovah said, "Thou hast well seen: for I will hasten my word to perform it
Ephod - Nothing could more aptly represent our great High Priest, the Lord Jesus Christ, going in before the presence of Jehovah with the names of his people on his breast
Breastplate - " (Exodus 28:15) The design of it seems to have been to typify the Lord Jesus Christ, the great and almighty High Priest of his redeemed, who going in before Jehovah, bears the names, and persons, and concerns of all his people
Abomination - But idolatry was the special thing that was declared to be abomination to Jehovah
Adonijah - Adonijah (ăd'o-nî'jah), my lord is Jehovah
Baruch - Jehovah, however, repeated the prophecies to Jeremiah, with some additions, and Baruch wrote them a second time
Naaman - He frankly yielded other evidence which probed that Jehovah was the living and true God; and took home with him two mule-loads of earth, for an altar to the Lord, Exodus 20:24
Rahab - If she had at some time led a dissolute life, she had evidently repented; and she afterwards became a worshipper of Jehovah, and the wife of Salmon, a prince of the tribe of Judah, Ruth 4:21 Matthew 1:4
Anani'as - (whom Jehovah has graciously given )
A high priest in (Acts 23:2-5 ; 24:1 ) He was the son of Nebedaeus
Cherubim - We meet with continued instances of angels appearing, in the word of God, to God's people without any danger of Jehovah himself only can it be said, "Thou canst not see my face and live. (See Exodus 25:17-22, compared with Hebrews 11:1-24) Now, as from the authority of those Scriptures, we have full licence to conclude, that the mercy-seat itself was an emblem of Christ, and the High Priest going into the Holy of Holies once in a year, with blood, a lively type of the Lord Jesus going in with his own blood into heaven itself, there to appear in the presence of God for us, we cannot for a moment suppose, but that these cherubim must have been designed to represent the holy and undivided Three persons in the one eternal Jehovah, before whom only, and to whom only, Christ, in his divine and nature united, made the one sacrifice of by which he hath prefected for ever them that are sanctified. (Revelation 5:9) To have set forth, therefore, these solemn representations, by type and figure, in the Jewish church, before any but Jehovah himself, would have been little short of blasphemy, and consequently cherubim, before which every great day of the same was regularly observed, could emblematical only of the glorious persons of the GODHEAD. so again, in the vision of John, Revelation 8:1-13 where in both Scriptures, we find the seraphim, or cherubim, (for they mean one and the same), are represented as worshipping God, and hence it be said, is there not a contradiction in supposing Jehovah worshipping Jehovah? I answer, certainly there would be, if this were in reality the case
God - The plural form is more commonly used in all parts of the Bible, The Hebrew word Jehovah (q. , such as belong to his essence as Jehovah, Jah, etc
Zedekiah - His reign was evil; he did not humble himself before the prophet Jeremiah, and profaned the name of Jehovah by breaking his oath to the king of Babylon. He arrogantly smote Micaiah in the face and asked, "Which way went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak unto thee?" Micaiah told him his question would be answered when he went into an inner chamber to hide himself
Genesis, Book of - ' See ADAM...
A vast amount of learned labour has been lost in trying to account for the name of 'God' in Genesis 1 and 'Jehovah God' in Genesis 2 , often ending with the conclusion that Moses must have had two or more earlier accounts of the creation before him — one called the Elohistic (which used the name of God) and the other the Jehovistic (which had Jehovah God), and that he copied first a piece of the one, and then a piece of the other. Surely this is a very unworthy conclusion to arrive at respecting the work of God by Moses! In Genesis 1 it is God as Creator; but in Genesis 2 He is in relationship with man, and this calls forth the name of Jehovah (as Jehovah was the name by which He was afterwards especially known to Israel
Jehoiada - Then Jehoiada with the whole assembly "made a covenant with the king in the temple, saying, Behold the king's son shall reign, as Jehovah hath said of the sons of David" (2 Chronicles 23:3), or, as 2 Kings 11:4 expresses it, "Jehoiada made a covenant with the rulers over hundreds, the captains, and the guard, taking an oath of them and showing them the king's son. ...
Those relieved on the sabbath, whom Jehoiada still retained (for "he dismissed not the courses," 2 Chronicles 23:8) kept watch of Jehovah's house about (in respect to) the king (2 Kings 11:7) in two divisions; these answer to (2 Chronicles 23:5) "all the people (the remainder besides the three bodies under the captains) in the courts of the house of Jehovah" (2 Kings 11:13; 2 Kings 11:19). " Joash repaired the house by his help, "doing that which was right in the sight of Jehovah" all the days "wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him. " Joash ordered "the money of the dedicated things" to be applied to the repair of the temple, namely,...
(1) "the money of every one that passeth" the census (not "the account), half a shekel, Exodus 30:13;...
(2) "the money that every man is set (valued) at," namely, the valuation in redeeming the firstborn (Numbers 18:15-16), or in payment for a vow;...
(3) "all the money that cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of Jehovah," freewill offerings. entrance into Jehovah's house, to receive the people's freewill offerings for the repairs. his jealous care, amidst the irregularities of a revolution, that none should "come into Jehovah's house save the priests and ministering Levites," also that Athaliah should be thrust forth outside "the ranges," and not be slain "in the house of Jehovah," 2 Chronicles 23:6; 2 Chronicles 23:14), and zeal for the Lord's honour and the purity of His worship, were conspicuous in Jehoiada. Jehoiada had saved Joash's life and throne, and had been God's providential instrument in preventing the extinction of David's line, which then hung upon the one seemingly frail thread, but which could not be broken since to it belonged the promises of Messiah; he had stifled the idolatry transplanted into Judah by Joram's marriage into apostate Ahab's house, and restored Jehovah's worship. The second priest was "officer in the house of Jehovah. " The high priest was "chief governor in the house of Jehovah"; then the second priest; then the 24 "governors of the sanctuary and of the house of God" (Jeremiah 20:1; 1 Chronicles 24:5)
Firstborn - FIRSTBORN...
One of the fundamental ideas with regard to Jehovah in early Israel was that of His being owner of the land, and consequently lord also of all that the land brought forth and of all that lived upon it (Leviticus 25:23, Psalms 50:10-12). Closely connected with this idea was a further one to the effect that the land was held in tenure; Jehovah was the landowner, His people the tenants; but their tenancy depended solely on the will of Jehovah (Deuteronomy 30:20 etc. ]'>[2] Not only, however, was the land Jehovah’s possession, but the people who lived upon it, and upon its produce, were likewise His; this would follow naturally by virtue of Jehovah’s overlordship. Therefore, just as Jehovah, being owner of the land, received the first-fruits of its produce as tribute due to Him, so, being also owner of the people, did He receive the firstborn as, in the same way, a tribute due to Him. As the firstborn are spoken of as being particularly the possession of Jehovah, one would expect to find them occupying the position of His special ministers; it is possible that this was the case originally (cf. ...
From the foregoing one can understand that the term ‘firstborn,’ πρωτότοκος (that which, as the most precious, belonged, in the first instance, to Jehovah), came to be one of particular honour (cf. ]'>[9] This redemption of the firstborn¶ Mediator - Thus for example, in his Epistle to the Ephesians, the first chapter, and the tenth verse, where speaking, of the design of Jehovah in redemption, to bring and centre all things in Christ, and finally to make him the glorious end of creation, he saith, that "in the dispensation of the fulness of time, he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are in earth, even in him. In the suitability of the Lord Jesus, and his personal fitness in this high character, (as such none but himself could ever be found) there is something so truly interesting when beheld as Jehovah'S appointment, as cannot fail to endear all the persons of the GODHEAD to the Lord's people. We discover hereby not only the wisdom of Jehovah in the choice, but the love of his heart in it also. The Mediator to approach Jehovah, is his Elect, in whom his soul delighteth; in whom he beholds such unparalleled glory and beauty and loveliness, that the very heart of Jehovah is in all, and with all, Christ undertakes and is engaged in. Let the reader only turn to Isaiah 42:1 and a few of the following verses, and then judge for himself of Jehovah'S great delight in beholding Christ in the character of Mediator. " And then, as if to put to silence the ignorance of foolish men, who allow Jesus Christ to be the Mediator, but deny him that GODHEAD by which alone the Lord Christ could be competent to this high office of Mediator, be adds "I am the Lord, that is my name, and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images:" hereby plainly proving, that as this office of Mediator is carried on and exercised to the glory of Jehovah, so none but one in Jehovah could be competent to perform it. Moreover, the glory of opening blind eyes, and the like, would have been unsuitable to any creature; and as Jehovah, in the very opening of his address to Christ, claims this as his distinguishing prerogative, would he mean to claim the crown of creation and yet put the crown of redemption on the head of a mere creature? Would not this have been to have given his glory to another? Oh, how plain, how very plain it is, that in the call and appointment of the Lord Jesus to this blessed office of Mediator, it is God's dear Son, in nature and essence one with the Father, and in office the God-man, Glory-man, Christ Jesus! Oh! that modern infidels, calling themselves Christians, but in name only so, and not in reality, would seriously lay this at heart
Judah, Kingdom of - But the grand conservative element of Judah was its divinely appointed temple, priesthood, written law, and recognition of the one true God Jehovah as its true theocratic king. God's great purpose did not fall in spite of Israel's and Judah's unfaithfulness, namely, to preserve in the world a standing monument of the unity, supremacy, and providence of Jehovah; this effect was perpetually and uniformly produced in all periods and by all events of the Jewish history, and to prepare for and introduce the gospel of Christ (Graves, Pentateuch, ii. In spite of his pious efforts for the instruction of his people through the princes, Levites, and priests, in God's law (2 Chronicles 17), and for the administration of justice in the fear of Jehovah (2 Chronicles 19), his affinity with Ahab and Ahaziah nearly cost him his life at Ramoth Gilead (2 Chronicles 18), and again in the wilderness of Edom (2 Kings 3:8-11), and caused the loss of his ships in Ezion Geber (2 Chronicles 20:36-37). But Ahaz, when smitten by the Syrian and Israelite confederacy of Rezin and Pekah (2 Chronicles 28; 2 Kings 16; Isaiah 7-9), which was the punishment from Jehovah of his idolatry, adopted the fatal policy of becoming the vassal of Assyria, which "distressed but strengthened him not. But, after Hezekiah, Manasseh's enormous wickedness so provoked Jehovah that the piety of his grandson Josiah, Amon's son, could procure only a respite. The object of God's election of the Jews was not merely for themselves, as if their perversity frustrated God's purpose; but to be, even in their temporary rejection, a standing monument to the world of the unity, supremacy, and providence of Jehovah ("ye are My witnesses," saith Jehovah: Isaiah 44:8; Isaiah 43:10; Isaiah 43:12), and ultimately to be blessed temporally and spiritually themselves, and to be a blessing to all nations
Rechab - Jehonadab's name, containing "Jehovah," and his abhorrence of Baal worship, imply that the Rechabites though not of Israel were included in the Abrahamic covenant; the Arab Wahabees , ascetics as to opium and tobacco, present a parallel. In Jeremiah's days they were still faithful to Jehovah. to minister in the sanctuary before Jehovah so long as Israel's sanctuary and polity stand: so Levi (Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 18:5-7; Genesis 18:22; Judges 20:28; Psalms 134:1; Jeremiah 15:19); so the targum of Jonathan translated "ministers before Me
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - Possibly "the valley of Berachah", where between Tekoa and the main road from Bethlehem to Hebron Jehoshaphat assembled the people to bless Jehovah for the victory over Ammon, Moab, etc. The enemies Tyre, Sidon, the Philistines, Edom, and Egypt (Joel 3:4; Joel 3:19), are types of the last confederacy under antichrist (Revelation 16; Revelation 17; Revelation 19), which shall assail restored Israel and shall be judged by Jehovah. As Jehoshaphat means "the judgment of Jehovah," "the valley of Jehoshaphat" is probably the general name for the scene of His judgment, Jehoshaphat's victory over the godless horde that sought to dispossess Judah typifying the last victory over the anti-Christian host that shall seek to dispossess restored Israel (Ezekiel 38-39)
Propitiation - And no less to shew the momentous consequence that the hand of Jehovah should also be found to concur in this great design, the same apostle was commissioned to tell the church that it was God "which set him forth as a propitiation, through faith in his blood. " (Romans 3:25) Yea, so much was the heart of Jehovah in every part of this gracious undertaking, "that God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them. To Jesus, as to the rainbow round the throne, Jehovah looks, and remembers his everlasting covenant
Zacharias - The same as the sire of Jehoiada; Joash ungratefully forgetting that he owed his throne to Jehoiada slew Zacharias for his faithful reproof: "Why transgress ye the commandments of Jehovah, that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken Jehovah, He hath also forsaken you. " By Joash's command they stoned Zacharias "in the court of the house of Jehovah!" And to it the tradition may be due which assigns the tomb in the valley of Jehoshaphat to Zacharias
Solomon - David when near his death appointed Solomon his son, whom God had chosen to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of Jehovah, to be his successor, and he began his reign by executing righteous judgement, as Christ will when He comes to reign, followed by a reign of peace. When the temple was dedicated, Solomon sacrificed and prayed to Jehovah. In answer to which Jehovah appeared to him a second time, and said, He had hallowed the house, had put His name there, and His heart should be there perpetually
Abijah - He walked in the sin of his father Rehoboam, but for David's sake he was placed on the throne, that, as Jehovah had said, David might have 'a light alway before me in Jerusalem. Nevertheless Abijah trusted in Jehovah while he did not fail to rebuke Israel touching the golden calves they had erected. Jehovah revealed to the prophet who it was that came to him, and he told out to the mother the heavy judgement that should befall her husband and his house; but because there was "some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel" in Abijah, he should come to his grave peacefully
Kingdom - Thus we read of the kingdom of God, Psalms 103:19 ; Daniel 4:3 ; or his universal empire and dominion over all creatures; in reference to which it is said, "Jehovah is a great God, and a great King above all gods," Psalms 95:3 . And the Prophet Micah, speaking of the same era, represents it as a time when Jehovah, having removed all the afflictions of his people, would reign over them in Mount Zion thenceforth even forever, Micah 4:6-7 . " Then were fulfilled the words of Jehovah by the Psalmist David, "I have set my King upon my holy hill of Zion," Psalms 2:6
Jeho'Ram - (whom Jehovah has exalted ). The piety of Jehoshaphat suggested an inquiry of Jehovah, thorough Elisha. After reproving Jehoram, Elisha, for Jehoshaphat's sake, inquired of Jehovah, and received the promise of an abundant supply of water, and of a great victory over the Moabites; a promise which was immediately fulfilled
Holiness - ]'>[1] qaddîsh ‘holy’ is met with 13 times in the Book of Daniel, qâdçsh and qedçshâh have almost exclusively heathen associations, qaddîsh is used in a few passages of the gods, but otherwise the Biblical words from this root refer exclusively to Jehovah, and persons or things connected with Him. In ancient Israel the holiness of Jehovah may in the first instance have been ceremonial rather than ethical, but this cannot be proved. The holiness which Jehovah requires, and which is evidently to be thought of as to some extent of the same nature as His own: ‘Ye shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy’ ( Leviticus 19:2 ), includes not only honesty ( Leviticus 19:11 ; Leviticus 19:36 ), truthfulness ( Leviticus 19:11 ), respect for parents ( Leviticus 19:3 , Leviticus 20:9 ), fair dealing with servants ( Leviticus 19:13 ), kindness to strangers ( Leviticus 19:34 ), the weak and helpless ( Leviticus 19:14 ; Leviticus 19:32 ), and the poor ( Leviticus 19:9 f. The vision of the Holy Jehovah in Isaiah, which wrung from the seer the cry ‘Woe is me, for I am a man of unclean lips’ ( Isaiah 6:5 ), leaves the ceremonial aspect almost completely out of sight. The holiness of Jehovah there is His absolute separation from moral evil, His perfect moral purity. This aspect also comes out very distinctly in the great psalm of the Divine holiness, perhaps from the early Greek period, where the holy Jehovah is declared to have ‘a great and terrible name’ ( Psalms 99:3 ) and to be’ high above all peoples’ ( Psalms 99:2 ), and in one of the later portions of the Book of Isaiah, where He is described as ‘the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy’ ( Isaiah 57:15 ). Those attached more closely to the service of Jehovah priests ( Leviticus 21:6 , H Peniel - And who was it Jacob saw, and with whom did he wrestle? If Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, how could this be, who is said to be invisible? If "no man hath seen God at any time," if, as Jehovah declared to Moses, (Exodus 33:20) "There shall no man see me and live," who could this be whom the patriarch Jacob saw, conversed and wrestled with; but the Lord Jesus? Him whom though no man hath seen God at any time, yet "the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. (See Genesis 48:15-16) And if we add to these striking particulars what is said of the Lord, and by the Lord, under the character of human feelings, in other parts of the Old Testament, I cannot but conclude that the whole is abundantly confirmed, that it is the Lord Jesus, and him only, in his mediatorial character, who is all along to be understood as the visible Jehovah. " (Jeremiah 32:41) Here again, supposing it is Jesus-Mediator which thus speaks, nothing can be more plain and nothing more blessed, for we know that his whole heart and soul is his people's; but concerning the Lord Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, we dare not, because we are not authorized in any part of Scripture thus to speak of him as possessing parts or passions. " (1 Timothy 1:17) Hence, When the read in the word of God that the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears open to their prayers, and that he openeth his hand and satisfieth the desire of every living thing, these expressions are literally true, as well as blessedly refreshing, considered as spoken of Him in whom it hath pleased the Father that "all fulness should dwell," and who is the Head of all principality and power; but cannot be said of Jehovah in his absolute nature and GODHEAD, "dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, whom no man hath seen or can see
King's Sons Free From Tribute, Parable of the - Thus Christ plainly declared that he claimed to be "the son of Jehovah; the God of Israel, to whom the temple tax was due
Amaziah - For this defiance of Jehovah, he was threatened with destruction by a prophet of the Lord; and soon after, went headlong into war with Israel, in which he was defeated and humbled
Ahaz - Having thus forfeited the aid of Jehovah, he met various repulses in battle with Pekah and Rezin; the Edomites revolted, and the Philistines harassed his borders
Shemaiah - Whom Jehovah heard
Bithiah - worshipper of Jehovah". Her name shows she was a convert from Egyptian idolatry to Jehovah's worship; and Mered's other wife is distinguished from her, as" Jehudijah" the Jewess
Nadab - With Aaron and Abihu and 70 elders he had the privilege of nearer access to Jehovah at Sinai than the mass of the people, but not so near as Moses (Exodus 24:1)
Baca - As the valley of Baca represents a valley of drought spiritually and dejection, where the only water is that of "tears," so the pilgrim's "making it a well" (by having "his strength in Jehovah") symbolizes ever flowing comfort and salvation (John 4:14; Isaiah 12:3; compare Psalms 23:4)
Jehoahaz - Jehoahaz (je-hô'a-hăz), whom Jehovah holds
Joab - Joab (jô'ab), whose father is Jehovah
Canaan - God, in the wisdom of His government, led Noah to pronounce the curse upon Canaan, in strong contrast with the blessing of Jehovah upon Shem, which was fulfilled in Israel
Inheritance - This all shows that they were and will be an earthly people, but God blessed them on earth in relationship with Himself as Jehovah, and will again bless them on earth when they own the Lord Jesus as their Messiah
Attributes of God - Some distinguish them into absolute and relative: absolute ones are such as agree with the essence of God; as Jehovah, Jah, &c
Orion - " The Arabs represent Orion as a mighty man, the Assyrian Nimrod, who rebelled presumptuously against Jehovah, and was chained to the sky as a punishment; for its rising is at the stormy season
Unicorn - The Lord asked to be saved from the lion's mouth, for Jehovah had heard Him from the horns of the unicorns (Psalm 22:21 ), to which His implacable enemies are compared
High Places - " The Hebrews, like most other ancient nations, frequently offered sacrifices upon "high places," notwithstanding the prohibition in Deuteronomy 12:1-32, both to Jehovah and to idols, 1 Samuel 9:12-14; 1 Kings 3:2; 1 Kings 3:4; 2 Kings 12:3; 1 Chronicles 16:39; and erected chapels thereon, and had ministers of the sacred rites
Ahi'ah - (friend of Jehovah )
Abi'Jah - (my father is Jehovah )
Dragon, - As one of God's creatures the dragon is called upon to praise Jehovah
Adoration - Such prostration was usual in the worship of Jehovah, (Genesis 17:3 ; Psalm 95:6 ) it was the formal mode of receiving visitors, (Genesis 18:2 ) of doing obeisance to one of superior station, (2 Samuel 14:4 ) and of showing respect to equals
Ananias - Ananias (ăn-a-nî'as), whom Jehovah covers, i
Athaliah - Athaliah (ăth-a-lî'ah), whom Jehovah afflicts
Fulfilled - It will ultimately be recorded over against all the predictions and promises of Jehovah, every one having been fully accomplished at the proper time and place, Joshua 23:14 ; Matthew 2:17 ; 8:17 ; 12:17
Azariah - ("whom Jehovah helps". Uzziah, meaning much the same, the might of Jehovah (2 Kings 14:21; 2 Kings 15:1-6)
Cherub - They were intended to represent spiritual existences in immediate contact with Jehovah. ...
Their office was, (1) on the expulsion of our first parents from Eden, to prevent all access to the tree of life; and (2) to form the throne and chariot of Jehovah in his manifestation of himself on earth
Carmel - The site was probably chosen for the sacrifice whereby the claims of Baal and Jehovah were tested, because it was already holy ground. An altar of Jehovah existed here before Elijah ( 1 Kings 18:30 )
Zerubbabel - " Cyrus had made a decree that the temple should be built; but God's word to Zerubbabel was "not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts. Jehovah had said, "The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it
Almighty - " On the whole it is clear that the name was one of special relationship with the Patriarchs as that of Jehovah was with Israel . This is plainly declared: "I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob by the name of GOD ALMIGHTY; but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them
Elijah - Elijah is a compound word, including two of the names of Jehovah. And so particular do the pious fathers of the Old Testament seem to have been, in naming their children, that they studied to give them such as might have some allusion to the Lord, or to retain one of the letters of Jehovah in them
Aaron - ) He was a Levite, and is first mentioned in (Exodus 4:14 ) He was appointed by Jehovah to be the interpreter, (Exodus 4:16 ) of his brother Moses, who was "slow of speech;" and accordingly he was not only the organ of communication with the Israelites and with Pharaoh, (Exodus 4:30 ; 7:2 ) but also the actual instrument of working most of the miracles of the Exodus. Left, on Moses' departure into Sinai, to guide the people, Aaron is tried for a moment on his own responsibility, and he fails from a weak inability to withstand the demand of the people for visible "gods to go before them," by making an image of Jehovah, in the well-known form of Egyptian idolatry (Apis or Mnevis)
Joshua - His name was originally OSHEA, or HOSHEA, but it was changed by Moses into Jehoshua, and this was contracted into Joshua, which is the same as JESUS in the Greek, and signifies 'Jehovah the saviour. Jehovah rebuked Satan, for He had chosen Jerusalem
Cherubim - The poet, in describing a theophany of Jehovah, represents the God of Israel as descending to earth on the black thunder-cloud: ‘He rode upon a cheruh and did fly, yea, he soared on the wings of the wind. ’ According to this passage, the cherub is a personification of the storm-cloud, or, as others prefer to interpret, of the storm-wind which bears Jehovah from heaven to earth. It was these figures that invested the ark with its special significance as an emblem of the immediate presence of Jehovah. In both sanctuaries they are figures of religious symbolism; they act as bearers of Deity, and are consequently emblematic of Jehovah’s immediate presence. They support the firmament on which the throne of Jehovah rests, and in this connexion we again have them as bearers of Deity
Exodus, Book of - The glory of Jehovah was like devouring fire. Deuteronomy 10:1-3 ), and God proclaimed Himself as 'Jehovah, Jehovah God' — His name with Israel, but adding the characteristics of mercy and holy government. Thus the Israelites had God with them as Jehovah
Baal (1) - A plague from Jehovah destroyed 24,000 Israelites in consequence, and was only stopped by the zeal of Phinehas. "Your eyes have seen what Jehovah did because of Baal-peor, for all the men that followed Baal-peor the Lord thy God hath destroyed them from among you. A remnant of it and an effort to combine idolatry with Jehovah worship still in part survived until the final purgation of all tendency to idols was effected by the severe discipline of the Babylonian captivity (Zephaniah 1:4-6). Contrast Melchizedek's title for Jehovah, "Possessor Qoneh ; not Βaal of heaven and earth" (Genesis 14:19)
Bethel - This accounts for a school of prophets of Jehovah being there in Elijah's time (2 Kings 2:2-3). " After the overthrow of Israel, the king of Assyria sent one of the Israelite priests to settle at Bethel, and teach the new settlers from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, "the manner of the god of the land," and "how they should fear Jehovah" (2 Kings 17:27-28). The worship of Jehovah and of the calves had been all along strangely blended
High Places - The high places polluted by idol worship (2 Kings 23:9) were condemned by all the kings that worshipped Jehovah. ...
But those sacred to Jehovah (2 Chronicles 32:12; 2 Chronicles 33:17) were tolerated by less thoroughly reforming kings; and sacrifices and burnt incense were offered on them (1 Kings 12:3; 1 Kings 14:4; 1 Kings 15:35). Doubtless the godly kings at first tried to put down entirely the high places, but afterwards yielded to the general usage of the people in cases where the high place was to Jehovah; where it was to idols they put them down utterly. So rooted was the practice that the removal of the high places was made by Rabshakeh a taunt against Hezekiah as if it were an impious innovation against Jehovah's honour; evidently he knew that the act had provoked the enmity of a considerable party among the Jews
Achan - His guilty presence alone brought from Jehovah defeat upon Israel at Ai (Ecclesiastes 9:18). Joshua, by Jehovah's direction, through lots detected the culprit, and having elicited his confession said, "Why hast thou troubled us?" (alluding to the meaning of Achar or Achan) "the Lord shall trouble thee this day. Though the law (Deuteronomy 24:16) forbade the slaying of children for their fathers' sins, this did not apply to cases where, as here, Jehovah Himself commands execution. The spoil of Jericho was the firstfruits of Canaan, sacred to Jehovah; Achan's sacrilegious covetousness in appropriating it needed to be checked at the outset, lest the sin spreading should mar the end for which Canaan was given to Israel
Nahum - ...
The prophecy opens with the character of Jehovah in government. ...
One who had come out to oppress Israel, was a wicked counsellor, who imagined evil, not only against Judah, but against Jehovah: he should be cut off. Compare the insulting language of Rab-shakeh, the general of the king of Assyria: at first he said that Jehovah had sent him, and then treated the God of Israel as no better than the heathen gods, who had not been able to protect their worshippers
Amos, Book of - ...
Amos 7 exhibits the patience of Jehovah. The prophet interceded for Jacob, and Jehovah repented of the evil he was bringing on them; still judgement must follow. But Amos replied that he had been no prophet, nor prophet's son, but only a herdsman, and Jehovah had sent him
Manasseh - ...
When Hezekiah invited the twelve tribes to join him in keeping a passover to Jehovah, certain of the tribe of Manasseh humbled themselves and went to Jerusalem. Then he knew that Jehovah was God. He commanded Judah to serve Jehovah the God of Israel
Zephani'ah - (hidden by Jehovah )
Glory - ...
...
Splendour, brightness, majesty (Genesis 45:13 ; Isaiah 4:5 ; Acts 22:11 ; 2 co 3:7 ); of Jehovah (Isaiah 59:19 ; 60:1 ; Ahijah - , "friend") of Jehovah
Asenath - If it be the Hebrew name assumed on her conversion (as (See BITHIAH means "daughter of Jehovah") and union with Joseph, it may be from asan , "a storehouse," in allusion to Joseph's national service, and Ephraim's name meaning "fruitfulness"
Ahaziah - Held by Jehovah
Kedesh - It was originally a Canaanite royal city (Joshua 12:22 ), and was the residence of Barak (Judges 4:6 ); and here he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the commencement of the conflict with Sisera in the plain of Esdraelon, "for Jehovah among the mighty" (9,10)
Kiss - Also used in religious "adoration" (derived from the Latin, ad os "to the mouth," namely, kissing the hand in homage), whether of idols (Job 31:27; 1 Kings 19:18; Hosea 13:2) or of Jehovah (Psalms 2:12)
Gospel - The glorious Gospel, as in it the glorious perfections of Jehovah are displayed, 2 Corinthians 4:4
Azariah - Whom Jehovah helps
Jehoiarib - ("Jehovah will defend"
Fellow - Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith Jehovah of hosts
Aholah - "My (Jehovah's) tent is in her," Judah: so far superior to Aholah that her worship was not self devised but God appointed. But both were false to Jehovah their true husband (Isaiah 54:5)
Jehoiada - Jehoiada (je-hoi'a-dah), whom, Jehovah knows
Jezebel - The daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre, and wife of Ahab, king of Israel, infamous for her idolatry, wickedness and cruel persecution of the prophets of Jehovah
Balaam - The angel of Jehovah withstood him, and he was rebuked by his ass, yet he was allowed to go on his way
Ass - Jehovah demanded of Job "Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass?" Job 39:5 : cf
Babel - ...
It may be that the name given to the city by Nimrod was Bab-il, signifying 'gate of God' (and it is said that on the monuments this very name 'The 'gate of God,' as the name of a city has been found); but that Jehovah altered it to Ba-bel, which signifies 'confusion
Promises - Christ is also, in his person, fulness, suitableness, and all-sufficiency, the promise of the Scriptures; and God the Holy Ghost, in his sevenfold gifts and graces, the promise to the church and people; and every thing of blessings, temporal, spiritual, and eternal, in and with the Holy Three in One, form the promise of Jehovah
Zabad - Contracted from Zebadijah, "Jehovah hath given him
Pentecost - The Israelites came with their free-will offerings unto Jehovah, according as He had blessed them
Confidence - ...
Jehovah shall be thy confidence
Crown - " (John 17:2) Hence, when Jehovah bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, "Let all the angels of God worship him
Gospel - "How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace, that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation, that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!" (Isaiah 52:7) And, indeed, the gospel is, without exception, the best news Jehovah ever proclaimed to man, or man ever heard
Acceptable Year of the Lord - " The vengeance will be executed for the deliverance of Israel in a coming day; but when our Lord spoke there was the fullest grace for his hearers: it was the acceptable year of Jehovah
Acre - The passage in Isaiah 5:10 : "ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" clearly refers to a time of great dearth which Jehovah would send upon Israel in judgement
Lord - ) The Supreme Being; Jehovah
Samaritans - The colonists lived at first in heathenism; but they afterwards sought to propitiate "the god of the land" by bringing back an Israelitish priest to Bethel, and mingling with their own idolatries a corrupt worship of Jehovah
Jeho-i'Ada - (Jehovah knows )
Names - (Genesis 28:19 ; 35:15 ) So Jehovah-jireh, (Genesis 22:14 ) Mahanaim, (Genesis 32:2 ) Peniel etc. " The majority of compound names have special religious or social significance being compounded either (1) with terms denoting relationship, as Abi or Ab father, as Abihud, "father of praise," Abimelech "father of the king;" Ben son, as Benoni, "son of my sorrow," Benjamin, "son of the right hand;" or (2) nouns denoting natural life, as am, "people," melech "king;" or (3) with names of God and Jah or Ja , shortened from "Jehovah
Deborah - It begins with a reference to Jehovah's original, grand, and awful manifestation at Sinai (Exodus 19; Deuteronomy 33:2), the sealing of the covenant with Israel, and the ground of all His subsequent interpositions for them. Then follows Israel's deep degradation, its highways deserted, its 40,000 soldiers (a round number for a diminished army) without shield or spear, because they forsook Jehovah for "new gods" (compare Deuteronomy 32:17). " "Then shall the people of Jehovah go down (from their past mountain hiding places) to their gates" and towns now delivered. , a Jehovah-sent storm beat in their faces and on the Israelites' back (Josephus), swelling the Kishon, which suddenly fills up the dry channel and overflows the plain of Esdraelon, making it impassable with mud, especially to chariots, so that the" prancing horses" and their "mighty" riders were swept away. ...
Meroz might have intercepted the retreating foe and Sisera, but is "cursed by the angel of Jehovah" for not doing so; and Jael is blessed" for her zeal, though mixed with earthly alloy
Zechariah, the Book of - " Like Ezekiel and Daniel, Zechariah delights in symbols, allegories, and visions of angels ministering before Jehovah and executing His commands on earth. ...
In the second part, the interpretation of the visions is given by the angel who knows Jehovah's will, intercedes with Jehovah for Israel, and by whom Jehovah speaks (Zechariah 1:9), "the angel that talked with me," or "in me"; compare 1 Peter 1:11, "the Spirit of Christ which was in the prophets. " The Angel of Jehovah the Man upon the red horse among the myrtle trees, is apparently identical with the interpreting angel through whom Jehovah communicates with His servants (Zechariah 1:11; Zechariah 1:10-11; Zechariah 1:12). The Angel of Jehovah is the Second Person in the Godhead. ...
The first vision represents Jehovah' s messengers announcing that after walking to and fro through the earth they found it at rest (in contrast to and counterworking Satan who "walks to and fro upon the earth" to hurt the saints, Job 1:7); this secure rest of the pagan earth is the interceding Angel's plea for the desolate temple and Judah, and elicits Jehovah's great jealousy for Zion, so that He returns to her with mercies and with judgments on the pagan oppressor (Haggai 2:20-23). ...
The second vision states how Jehovah will repair Jerusalem's breaches namely, as the four (the four cardinal points of the horizon marking worldwide extension) great world powers, Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, scattered Judah and Israel, so four "destroying artificers" shall fray (strike terror into) and cast out the horns of the Gentiles which lifted up their horn over Judah (Psalms 75:4-5; Ezekiel 34:21; Luke 21:24). Instead of Jerusalem's past limiting wall, her population shall spread out beyond into the open country and need no wall, Jehovah Himself being "a wall of fire round about, and the glory in the midst of her" (Zechariah 2:1-5; Ezekiel 38:11). ...
The next two (fourth and fifth) visions (Zechariah 3-4) show Joshua the high priest's (representing Jerusalem) trial and vindication against Satan, being justified by Jehovah through Messiah the Righteous Branch, though unclean in himself (compare Psalms 109:6; Psalms 109:31; Ezra 5:1-2; Judges 1:9; Judges 1:23; Romans 8:33-34; Isaiah 64:6; Isaiah 61:10; Isaiah 66:21; Revelation 19:8; Luke 15:22). ...
Jehovah saith "I have laid the (foundation) stone (as the chief architect) before (in the presence of) Joshua," by the hand of Zerubbabel, so that your labour in building the temple shall not be in vain. Jehovah gave them up to a foolish (wicked) shepherd (Zechariah 11:15-17) since they would not have the good Shepherd; namely, Rome pagan and papal, and finally the blasphemous antichrist (John 5:43; Daniel 11:35-38; Daniel 12:1; Daniel 9:27; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12; Revelation 13:5-6; Revelation 13:13-18). Messiah-Jehovah shall save her and destroy the foe of whom the remnant shall turn to Him reigning at Jerusalem. ...
The same phrases recur in both: as "passeth by and returneth" (meobeer 'umishab ) in Zechariah 7:14, also in Zechariah 9:8; "to remove" (hebir ), Zechariah 3:4, and Zechariah 13:2; "the eye of God," Zechariah 3:9; Zechariah 4:10; Zechariah 9:1; Zechariah 9:8; Israel's return from exile and ruling the foes, by the law of righteous retribution (Zechariah 2:10; Zechariah 9:12; also compare Zechariah 2:10 with Zechariah 9:9; Zechariah 14:4); Jehovah's coming to Zion and dwelling there
Persecution - The first great persecution for religious opinion of which we have any record was that which broke out against the worshippers of God among the Jews in the days of Ahab, when that king, at the instigation of his wife Jezebel, "a woman in whom, with the reckless and licentious habits of an Oriental queen, were united the fiercest and sternest qualities inherent in the old Semitic race", sought in the most relentless manner to extirpate the worship of Jehovah and substitute in its place the worship of Ashtoreth and Baal
Water of Jealousy - As she stood holding the offering, so the priest stood holding till earthen vessel of holy water mixed with the dust from the floor of the sanctuary, and, declaring her free from all evil consequences if innocent, solemnly devoted her in the name of Jehovah to be "a curse and an oath among her people" if guilty
Devoted Thing - Translated, Leviticus 1:2; "if any man of you bring an offering to Jehovah from the beasts, from the herd or from the flock shall ye bring your offering" (compare Exodus 13:13; Exodus 34:20; Numbers 18:15)
Marry - Turn, O backsliding children, saith Jehovah, for I am married to you
Alleluia - ("Praise ye Jehovah"
Jehoiakim - Jehoiakim (je-hoi-a-kĭm), whom Jehovah sets up
Tamar - Was this intentional to set forth the grace of Jehovah and the unparralleled condescension of the Lord Jesus? Who shall answer the question? Who shall explain the subject? One thing is certain; as every thing in redemption is mysterious, so in our exercises on mysteries the lowest humbleness of opinion becomes the highly-favoured objects of such unheard of mercy Lord! I would say for myself and reader, "thy way is in the sea: and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known
Happy - Happy is that people whose God is Jehovah
Potiphar - ...
Joseph's feet at first "they afflicted with fetters, the iron entered into has soul" (Psalms 105:17-18); but Jehovah gave him favor in the sight of "the keeper of the prison," probably distinct from Potiphar
Moriah - " And the bruises of Jesus, when it pleased Jehovah to put him to grief, while they affect in contemplation the heart of the redeemed, yet, like sweet dropping myrrh, they distil all spiritual blessings in a fragrancy most refreshing and delightful, in pardon, mercy, peace, grace, faith and all the blessings of the covenant
Ebenezer - It is a compound meaning Eben, or Aben, a stone, Jehovah laid in Zion, in whom whosoever believeth, shall never be confounded? (Compare Isaiah 28:16 with 1 Peter 2:6-8)...
Keeper - And what an asylum do believers find in the view, that all the attributes of Jehovah are engaged for the security and comfort of his people
Chosen of God - We find this, act of special grace in Jehovah, as it concerns the person of Christ and his people in him, so often in the Scripture, and as it is so important, I have thought a reference to some of the more prominent texts would not be unacceptable, in a work of this kind
Vision - The beatific vision denotes the act of angels and glorified spirits beholding in heaven the unveiled splendours of the Lord Jehovah, and privileged to contemplate his perfections and plans in and by himself
Cherub - , Jehovah is represented as riding on a cherub, and flying on the wings of the wind
Love - Love is a chief attribute of Jehovah, the length and breadth and height and depth of which are beyond comprehension, for they are infinite, Ephesians 3:18,19
Mattani'ah - (gift of Jehovah )
Jephthah's Vow - We are constrained, however, by a consideration of Jephthah's known piety as a true worshipper of Jehovah, his evident acquaintance with the law of Moses, to which such sacrifices were abhorrent (Leviticus 18:21 ; 20:2-5 ; Deuteronomy 12:31 ), and the place he holds in the roll of the heroes of the faith in the Epistle to the (Hebrews 11:32 ), to conclude that she was only doomed to a life of perpetual celibacy
mi'Chal - (2 Samuel 3:13-16 ) How Michal comported herself in the altered circumstances of David's household we are not told; but it is plain from the subsequent occurrences that something had happened to alter the relations of herself and David, for on the day of David's greatest triumph, when he brought the ark of Jehovah to Jerusalem, we are told that "she despised him in her heart
Kibroth Hattaavah - The prodigious quantity and the supply of them at that time, in connection with Jehovah's moral dealings with Israel, constitute the miracle, which is in consonance with God's natural law though then intensified. As Jehovah told them (ver. ...
But "while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was consumed" (Speaker's Commentary for "chewed"), "the wrath of Jehovah smote the people with a very great plague
Sabbath - ...
The Sabbath had a peculiar place in relation to Israel: thus in Leviticus 23 , in the feasts of Jehovah, in the holy convocations, the Sabbath of Jehovah is first mentioned as showing the great intention of God
Jehoram - Jehovah-exalted. He sank into gross idolatry, and brought upon himself and his kingdom the anger of Jehovah
Hazael - The atrocities foretold (the same as in Hosea 13:16) were doubtless perpetrated by him when in Jehu's days "Jehovah cut Israel short, and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel, from Jordan eastward, all . Jehovah therefore threatened, and executed his threat, "for three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron; and I will send a fire into the house of Hazael," etc. He took Gath and even "set his face to go up to Jerusalem" (2 Kings 12:17) in Joash's reign (2 Chronicles 24:23-24), "and destroyed all the princes of the people from among the people" (it was God's righteous retribution, for it was "the princes of Judah" who with flattering "obeisance" at Jehoiada's death persuaded Joash to "leave the house of the Lord God of their fathers, to serve groves and idols," 2 Kings 12:17-18, and stoned Zechariah son of Jehoiada, who "testified against them," 2 Kings 12:19-22), and sent all the spoil to Damascus; Jehovah delivering "a very great host into the hand of a small company of Syrians, because the Jews had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers" (2 Kings 12:23-24)
Impute - And this by the authority and appointment of Jehovah; for without this authority and appointment of Jehovah, the transfer could not have taken place. And if God accepts such a ransom; yea, he himself appoints it: and if the sinner by Christ's righteousness be made holy: and if the sins of the sinner be all done away by Christ's voluntary sufferings and death: if the law of God be thus honoured; the justice of God thus satisfied; all the divine perfections glorified by an equivalent; yea, more than an equivalent, inasmuch as Christ's obedience and death infinitely transcend in dignity and value the everlasting obedience of men and angels; surely, here is the fullest assurance of the truth of the doctrine of Christ's imputed righteousness, and the perfect approbation of Jehovah to the blessed plan of redemption
Jeremiah - Above all, an end was put to the immemorial cultus of the local ‘high places,’ at which the service of Jehovah had been corrupted by mixture with that of the Canaanite divinities. Worship was centralized at the royal Temple of Jerusalem; and the ‘covenant’ with Jehovah made by king and people there in the terms of Deuteronomy, followed by the memorable Passover feast, was designed to inaugurate a new order of things in the life of the people; this proved, in fact, a turning-point in Israel’s history. The revived national faith in Jehovah, which had rested on Josiah’s political success, was shaken by his fall; the character of the new king, and the events of his reign, furthered the reaction. Its leaders the prophet Hananiah amongst them ( 1618067849_91 ) preached out of season Isaiah’s old doctrine of the inviolability of Zion; even after the capture of Jerusalem in 597 and the first exile, ‘the prophets’ promised in Jehovah’s name a speedy re-instatement. The possession of the Temple and the observance of the Law, they held, bound Jehovah to His people’s defence. Jeremiah, who had in vain resisted this migration, was carried with the runaways; he had the distress of seeing his companions relapse into open idolatry, protesting that they had fared better when worshipping ‘the queen of heaven’ than under the national Jehovah. 626 found him a diffident and reluctant young man, not wanting in devotion, but shrinking from publicity, and with no natural drawing towards the prophetic career; yet he is ‘set over the nations, to pluck up and to break down, and to build and to plant’! Already there begins the struggle between the implanted word of Jehovah and the nature of the man, on which turns Jeremiah’s inner history and the development of his heroic character, all things considered, the noblest in the OT. He must stand as ‘a fenced city and an iron pillar and brazen walls against the whole land,’ a solitary and impregnable fortress for Jehovah. No intermediary not even ‘the spirit of Jehovah,’ no special vehicle or means of prophetical incitement, is ever intimated in his case: simply ‘the word of Jehovah came to’ him. He conceives the true prophet as ‘standing in Jehovah’s council, to perceive and hear his word’ ( Jeremiah 23:18 ; cf. He strongly recalls Hosea, whose love for ‘Ephraim’ he shares, and whose similitude of the marriage-union between Jehovah and Israel supplies the basis of his appeals. 6 Jehovah’s scourge in the first instance the Scythians is held over the city. It effected no ‘circumcision of the heart,’ no inward turning to Jehovah, no such ‘breaking up of the fallow ground’ as Jeremiah had called for; the good seed of the Deuteronomic teaching was ‘sown among thorns’ ( Jeremiah 4:3-4 ), which sprang up and choked it. He breaks out,’ O Jehovah, thou hast befooled me, and I have been befooled!’ and ends by ‘cursing the day of his birth’ (Jeremiah 20:7-18 ). Jehovah has used His almighty power to play with a weak, simple man, and to make him a laughing-stock! Jehovah’s word is ‘a fire in his bones’; he is compelled to speak it, only to meet ridicule and insult! His warnings remain unfulfilled, and God leaves him in the lurch! He desires nothing but the people’s good; yet they count him a traitor, and put down his terrifying visions to malignity! This last reproach cut Jeremiah to the heart; again and again he had repelled it ( Jeremiah 15:10 ; Jeremiah 17:16 ; Jeremiah 18:20 ). 36) which was read to the people and the king, and when, after the battle of Carchemish, Nebuchadrezzar was hailed as Jehovah’s servant and executioner (ch. ]'>[4] ; the remainder of 33, along with Jeremiah 32:16-44 , lies under grave critical suspicion) contain a distinct ‘word of Jehovah,’ committed to a separate ‘book. The long foreseen catastrophe has arrived; Jeremiah meets it bravely, for ‘days are coming,’ Jehovah tells him, ‘when I will restore the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, and I will cause them to return to the land of their fathers’ ( Jeremiah 30:3 ff. ‘They shall be my people,’ Jehovah promises, ‘and I will be their God; and I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear me for ever
Sacrifice - The offering was one of sweet smelling savour sent up in flame to Jehovah, not merely consumed. The significance of its being offered to Jehovah was that it is the source of nutriment of which the animal economy avails itself on emergency, so that in emaciation or atrophy it is the first substance that disappears; its development in the animal is a mark of perfection. The shoulder belonging to the officiating priest was "heaved," the breast for the priests in general was "waved" before Jehovah. ...
The wave offering (tenuphah ) was moved to and fro repeatedly; applied to the gold and bronze, also to the Levites, dedicated to Jehovah. The earliest offering recorded as formally commanded by Jehovah, and of the five animals prescribed, is that of Abraham (1618067849_4). That sacrifice was known to Israel in Egypt appears from Moses alleging as a reason for taking them out of Egypt that they might hold a feast and sacrifice to Jehovah (Exodus 3:18; Exodus 5:1; Exodus 5:3; Exodus 5:8; Exodus 5:17). Therefore, the radical idea of sacrifice is in the burnt offering; figuring THE ASCENT of the reconciled, and accepted creature to Jehovah: "'olah " (Leviticus 1:9): his self-sacrificing surrender wholly of body, soul, and spirit to Jehovah. ...
In the sin offering, on the contrary, part of the blood was offered to Jehovah by being put on the horns of the altar, and on certain occasions by being sprinkled within the tabernacle, while the rest was poured at the altar base (Leviticus 4:6-7; Leviticus 4:17-18; Leviticus 4:25, etc. In Moses' consecration of the people the blood represented their collective life consecrated to Jehovah; so in the priests' consecration with the ram's blood, and in the blood thrown on their persons, the consecrated life was given back to them to be devoted to Jehovah's service. Every sacrifice was Based on atonement, and at the same time included the idea of the burnt offering, a portion ascending up to Jehovah in the flame (Colossians 2:23). So the spiritual order; the sinner needs...
(1) atonement expressed in the sin offering; then...
(2) he could in the burnt offering offer himself accepted as a sweet savour (Psalms 51:19) ascending to God; in virtue of this acceptanc...
(3) he enjoyed communion with Jehovah and with God's people in the peace offering. Then his need of a mediator appeared in the priest's taking the victim from the worshipper, sprinkling of the blood within the tabernacle, and putting some upon the horns (the highest part toward heaven) of the altar, also placing in the altar fire some of the fat a "sweet savour" to Jehovah (Leviticus 4:31)
Psalms, Book of - ' They commence with "Blessed is the man ," and end with "Praise ye Jehovah. " Man is blessed on earth, and Jehovah is praised from earth. David said, "The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. In a wider sense Psalm 1 to 8 are introductory; from Psalm 3 to Psalm 7 giving the principles that follow on the rejection of Christ in Psalm 1 and Psalm 2 , and Psalm 8 giving His exaltation as Son of man , ending with "O Jehovah our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth. In Book 1 the name of Jehovah is used all through, but now God is addressed as such: the faithful are cast more entirely on what God is in His own nature and character, when they can no longer approach where Jehovah has put His name: Antichrist prevails there. In Psalm 88 is the bitter cry of a soul expressive of being subject under a broken law to the wrath of God; and in Psalm 89 praise is rendered for Jehovah's unchangeable covenant with David, extending to the Holy One of Israel as their King. 91Messiah takes His place with Israel; and in Psalm 94 to Psalm 100 Jehovah comes into the world to establish the kingdom in glory and divine order
Naaman - " How long Naaman lived to continue a worshipper of Jehovah while assisting officially at the worship of Rimmon we are not told; "but his memory is perpetuated by a leper hospital which occupies the traditional site of his house in Damascus, on the banks of the Abana
Creation - The fact that he is the Creator distinguishes Jehovah as the true God (Isaiah 37:16 ; 40:12,13 ; 54:5 ; Psalm 96:5 ; Jeremiah 10:11,12 )
Hadadezer - All the spoils taken in this war, "shields of gold" and "very much brass," from which afterwards the "brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass" for the temple were made (1 Chronicles 18:8 ), were brought to Jerusalem and dedicated to Jehovah
Beth-Horon - Jehovah interposed in behalf of Israel by a terrific hailstorm, which caused more deaths among the Canaanites than did the swords of the Israelites
Badger - In Ezekiel 16:10 Jehovah alludes to this, under the image of the shoes made of badger skins for delicate and beautiful women; "I shod thee with badger skin
Naaman - 8:15, section 5) with the archer (1 Kings 22:34) who drew his bow at a venture, and wounding Ahab mortally was Jehovah's instrument in "giving deliverance to Syria. ) The case of Naaman was designed by God to shame Israel out of their half-heartedness toward Jehovah by a witness for Him the most unlikely
Jabin - " Lest Joshua should be affrighted at this formidable array, Jehovah in vision promised "I will deliver them up all slain before Israel"; I am infinitely more than a match for them, and I am on thy side
Jonathan - Jonathan (jŏn'a-than), the gift of Jehovah
Judges - Samuel at last established his authority as judge and prophet, but stall as the servant of Jehovah, only to see it so abused by his sons as to exhaust the patience of the people, who at length demanded a king, after the pattern of the surrounding nations
Jethro - He rejoiced and blessed God for the deliverance He had given to His people, and said, "Now I know that Jehovah is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them
Beersheba - ...
The prophet Amos warns the people not to trust in any places of renown or of former blessing, as Bethel, Gilgal, nor Beersheba; the glory of all had faded: they must seek Jehovah, and they should live
Consecration - ...
The words mostly used for 'to consecrate' are mala yad, which signify 'to fill the hand' (as often rendered in the margin ), doubtless alluding to their taking portions of the ram into their hands and waving them before Jehovah
Oath - Jehovah swore that the Lord Jesus should be a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek
Horn - Thus Jehovah saith, "I will make the horn of David to flourish," meaning Christ
Martyr - Jezebel cut off the prophets of Jehovah
Bastard - To restrain the licentious desires of the heart, Jehovah by an express law fixed a stigma upon the bastard, which was not to be removed till the tenth generation; and to show that the precept was on no account to be violated, or suffered to fall into disuse, it is emphatically repeated, "A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the Lord,"...
Deuteronomy 23:2
Hart - The Lord Jehovah is my strength; he will make my feet like hinds' feet; he will cause me to tread again on my own hills," Habakkuk 3:19
Jez'Ebel - (1 Kings 16:31,21 ; 18:19 ) The prophets of Jehovah were attacked by her orders and put to the sword
Mat'Thew - (gift of Jehovah )
om'ri - (pupil of Jehovah )
Malachi - ("messenger of Jah"), or Jehovah; contracted for Malachijah, as Abi for Abijah (2 Kings 18:2; compare 2 Chronicles 29:1). The name is that of an office rather than of a person; it occurs in the sense "My (Jehovah's) messenger" (Malachi 3:1, compare Haggai 1:13). Malachi was Jehovah's last inspired messenger of Old Testament, announcing the advent of the great Messenger of New Testament; the transition link between the two dispensations, "the skirt and boundary of Christianity," to which is due his abrupt earnestness. Jehovah being the one common Father of all Israel, putting away an Israelite wife for a foreigner is a wrong done to a sister of the same family (Malachi 2:10-16). ...
(4) In answer to their cavil, "where is the God of judgment?" Messiah's forerunner, followed by the sudden coming of Jehovah Himself the Angel of the covenant (which they had despised) to His temple, is foretold (Malachi 2:17-4:6). He shall on the one hand refine the sons of Levi, so that Judah's offering shall be pleasant unto Jehovah; on the other hand He shall be a swift witness against wrong doers, wherefore "return unto Me," instead of "robbing Me of tithes," "prove Me now herewith and I will pour you out a blessing," etc. But still they cavil at God's service bringing no "profit," while God's people commune together; so "the day of the Lord" cometh, consuming to the proud scorners, but with healing beams of the Sun of righteousness to fearers of God's name; ushered in by the forerunner Elijah, preaching a return to the law of Moses, and to the piety of Israel's forefathers, lest Jehovah come and smite the earth with a curse
Jehoshaphat - Praise was given to Jehovah. ...
In Jehoshaphat there was a heart true to Jehovah, and a desire to bring his subjects to the true worship of God, but his history was marred by his inconsistently allying himself with the ungodly and idolatrous kings of Israel
Baal - The reader will have a full apprehension of the grace and loving kindness of the Lord in this ordination, when he is told, that as the word Baal, Lord; or Baali, my lord, was a general name to imply lordship, or sovereignty: the Lord Jehovah had been considered as Israel's Baal, to distinguish him from the nations' Baal around. But as there was not distinction enough in those general names, to preserve Israel in a proper sense of reverence between Jehovah, and those dunghill gods, being all alike called Baal, or Lord; the Lord graciously saith, in this sweet Scripture, that he will be no more called Baal, but will lose as it were, the name of Lord, in that of husband
Head - Indeed, the subject even looks farther than this, and directs the mind of the truly regenerated believer to behold Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, as being the Head of Christ, considered in his mediatorial office, and giving truth to all the glorious purposes of salvation in him. It was the Lord Jehovah, in the great scheme of redemption, before the earth was formed, that set up Christ as the Head of his church
Aaron - ' Jehovah declared that his brother Aaron who was coming to meet him could speak well and should be his spokesman. ...
Aaron, alas, had not the stability of his brother,* but at the request of the people, and apparently without a protest, made for them the golden calf: he also built an altar before it, and made proclamation of a feast to Jehovah on the morrow
King, - He was the vicegerent of Jehovah, (1 Samuel 10:1 ; 16:13 ) and as it were his son, if just and holy. Upon his dead had been poured the holy anointing oil, which had hitherto been reserved exclusively for the priests of Jehovah
Gerizim - ’ Thus the worship of Jehovah was preserved in Samaria, and gradually asserted itself over the ‘gods of their own’ which every nation made. Gerizim was the true centre of the worship of Jehovah, rested upon a statement in their version of the Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 27:4 f. There is embedded in the very beginning of the Samaritan worship of Jehovah the idea that Jehovah is the ‘God of the land’ (2 Kings 17:27), and throughout the whole controversy between Jerusalem and Mt
Plagues of Egypt - The presence of the frogs was so insufferable that Pharaoh called for Moses, and begged him to entreat Jehovah for their removal, and he would let the people go. The king said, "I have sinned this time: Jehovah is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. Entreat Jehovah (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer. The devastation of the locusts was such that Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron 'in haste,' confessed that he had sinned against Jehovah, and begged that 'this death' might be removed
Fellow - ...
In the former sense of the word, as applied to Christ, or spoken of him, we have that very precious unequalled passage of the Lord, by the prophet Zechariah, (Zechariah 13:7) where Jehovah calls him by this name, "The man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts. How truly blessed, therefore, is the word as applied by Jehovah himself to the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. Here again, the Lord Jehovah, the Father, gives the like testimony; for speaking to Joshua, the type of Jesus, the Lord saith, "Here now, O Joshua the high priest, thou and thy fellows that sit before thee, for they are men wondered at" (Zechariah 3:8) Wondered at indeed, to be fellow to him in his human nature, who, in his divine nature, "is fellow to the Lord of hosts!" But so it is: for the truth is undeniable. Here are all the persons in Jehovah testifying to this glorious character of the Lord Jesus, as the fellow of the Lord of hosts in his divine nature
Angels - " "The angel of Jehovah" spake to Hagar and said, "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly that it shall not be numbered for multitude. "The angel of Jehovah" spake to Abraham saying, "By myself have I sworn," etc. One said Sarah should have a son: at which Sarah laughed, and Jehovah said, "Wherefore did Sarah laugh?" Two of the three left, and were called 'angels' at the gate of Sodom, while Jehovah, the third, talked with Abraham
Elijah - ("God-Jehovah". " His name and designation mark his one grand mission, to bring his apostate people back to Jehovah as THE true God; compare 1 Kings 18:39 with Malachi 4:5-6. This idolatry had been introduced by Ahab and his idolatrous wife, Ethbaal's daughter Jezebel (in violation of the first, commandment), as if the past sin of Israel were not enough, and as if it were "a light thing to walk in the sins of Jeroboam," namely, the worship of Jehovah under the symbol of a calf, in violation of the second commandment. )...
Ahab and his party represented Baal and Jehovah as essentially the same God, in order to reconcile the people to this further and extreme step in idolatry; compare 2 Kings 9:33-3701; Hosea 2:16. Elijah's work was to confound these sophisms and vindicate Jehovah's claim to be God ALONE, to the exclusion of all idols. Therefore, he suddenly comes forth before Ahab, the apostate king, announcing in Jehovah's name "As the Lord God of Israel liveth (as contrasted with the dead idols which Israel worshipped) before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word. " The shutting up of heaven at the prophet's word was, Jehovah's vindication of His sole Godhead; for Baal (though professedly the god of the sky)and his prophets could not open heaven and give showers (Jeremiah 14:22). The socalled god of nature shall be shown to have no power over nature: Jehovah is its SOLE Lord. ...
Elijah's "effectual" prayer, not recorded in 1 Kings but in James 5:17, was what moved God to withhold rain for three years and a half; doubtless, Elijah's reason for the prayer was jealousy for the Lord God (1 Kings 19:10; 1 Kings 19:14), in order that Jehovah's chastening might lead the people to repentance. In "standing before the Lord" he assumed the position of a Levitical priest (Deuteronomy 10:8), for in Israel the Levitical priesthood retained in Judah had been set aside, and the prophets were raised up to minister in their stead, and witness by word and deed before Jehovah against the prevailing apostasy. It was probably at this time that Jezebel, foiled in her deadly purpose against Elijah, "cut off Jehovah's prophets" (1 Kings 18:4; 1 Kings 19:2). He hurls back on the king himself the charge of being, like another Achan, the troubler of Israel; "I have not, troubled Israel, but thou and thy father's house, in that ye have spoken the commandments of Jehovah, and thou hast followed Baalim. " On Carmel the issue was tried between Jehovah and Baal, there being on one side Baal's 450 prophets with the 400 of Asherah, "the groves"), who ate at Jezebel's table under the queen's special patronage; on the other side Jehovah's sole representative, in his startling costume, but with dignified mien. Repairing Jehovah's ruined altar (the former sanctity of which was seemingly the reason for his choice of Carmel) with 12 stones to represent the tribes of all Israel, and calling upon the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to let it be known that He is the Lord God, he brought down by prayer fire from heaven consuming the sacrifice, wood, stones, and dust, and licking up the water in the trench. He wished to be brought down from the soft luxuriant secondary formations of human religion (the halting between two opinions, between the luxurious Baal worship and the uncompromising holy worship of Jehovah) to the primary stratification of God's religion . ...
Jehovah there said, "What doest thou here, Elijah?" thou whose name implies thy calling to witness for God Jehovah, away from the court and people whom thou wast called to reprove! Elijah pleads his "jealousy for Jehovah God of hosts," and that with all his zeal he is left. the sole worshipper of Jehovah, and that even his life they seek to take away. " There by the grand voice of nature, the strong wind rending the rocks, the earthquake, and the fire, (in none of which, though emanating from God, did He reveal Himself to Elijah,) and lastly by "a still small voice," God taught the impatient and desponding prophet that it is not by astounding miracles such as the fire that consumed the sacrifice, nor by the wind and earthquake wherewith God might have swept away the guilty nation, but by the still small voice of God's Spirit in the conscience, that Jehovah savingly reveals Himself, and a revival of true religion is to be expected. Jehovah therefore cheers him amidst despondency, by giving him work still to do for His name, a sure token that He is pleased with his past work: "Go, return . As usual, Elijah's appearance was sudden and startling, and he stands forth as vindicating Jehovah's honor' before the elect nation. He was not yet revealed to the half-pagan Samaritans as clearly as Jehovah had been through Elijah to Israel, the elect nation. ...
The forerunning "the great and dreadful day of Jehovah" can only exhaustively refer to Messiah's second coming, preceded by a fuller manifestation of Elijah than that of John before Messiah's first coming
Hagar - The angel of Jehovah reminded her that as "Sarai's maid" she owed her submission, and promised that her son Ishmael should be father of a numerous nation. So she called Jehovah that spoke unto her "Thou God seest me" (Hebrew: "Thou art a God of seeing," a God who allows Himself to be seen), for she said, "Have I also seen (i. , usually "angel of Jehovah"), i
False Prophets - To earlier writers these men were essentially and consciously false, either prophets of false gods, holders of opinions which did not agree with the revealed character of Jehovah the God of Israel, or men who knowingly spoke falsehoods in the name of Jehovah. 1 Kings 19:19), the methods of prophetic instruction (Jeremiah 28:10), and the use of the prophetic formula, ‘Thus saith Jehovah’ (Jeremiah 23:25; Jeremiah 23:31, Ezekiel 13:6), but who had never come under the influence of, or had failed to remain in personal contact with, the revealing Spirit ‘who spake by the prophets
Omri - Servant of Jehovah
Seraiah - Soldier of Jehovah
Micah, Book of - 6-7, in which Jehovah is represented as holding a controversy with his people: the whole concluding with a song of triumph at the great deliverance which the Lord will achieve for his people
Nathan - He is first mentioned when David had in his heart to build a house to Jehovah
Amaziah - Strengthened by Jehovah
Delilah - So Israel, strong while faithful to Jehovah, incurs the curse which Balaam, however wishing it, could not inflict, the moment that the people commits whoredom with the daughters of Moab (Numbers 25:1; Numbers 25:6; Numbers 31:15-16)
Changers of Money - At the beginning of His ministry, and at its close, Christ marked His mission as the foretold Purifier of the temple (Malachi 3:1-5), for the presence of Jehovah, of which His own divinely formed body was the type
Jehoshaphat - Jehoshaphat (je'hŏsh'a-făt), whom Jehovah Judges 1:1-36
Sign - ...
Second, The ark of the covenant from whence the Jews observed Jehovah gave answers by revelation
Begotten - ...
c, for the Lord Jesus, when He became a man, conceived (begotten) of the Holy Ghost, Matthew 1:20 ; and declared in those words of Jehovah to Him, "Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee
Molech - The Israelites had not worshipped Jehovah for forty years in the wilderness; but they had carried symbols of Molech and Chiun (or Remphan) and worshipped them
Sprinkling - when all the firstborn in Egypt were to be smitten, the Israelites were told to 'strike,' that is 'sprinkle,' the side posts and lintels of their doors with the blood of a lamb, and Jehovah said, "When I see the blood I will pass over you
He - Genesis 3 ...
Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God him shalt thou serve
Paradise - Compare the Holy Land turned from a garden of Eden into a wilderness, with Israel's wilderness made like Eden the garden of Jehovah (Numbers 24:6; Joel 2:3; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 36:35; contrast Ezekiel 28:13)
Penuel - The strange aspect of the place harmonizes with the name given after Jacob's wrestling with the angel of Jehovah, "the Face of God
Fountain - It is used for the 'fountain of blood,' Mark 5:29 ; the 'fountain of life,' as applied to Jehovah for Israel, Psalm 36:9 ; the 'fountain of tears,' Jeremiah 9:1 ; the 'fountain of living waters
Throne - ...
God is often represented as sitting on His throne: "Jehovah hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all
Ahaziah - whom Jehovah holds
Jeho-i'Akim - (whom Jehovah sets up ), called Eliakim, son of Josiah and king of Judah
Jehonadab - ("Jehovah makes freely willing"): JEHONADAB or JONADAB. Both therefore shall fare accordingly: Judah shall suffer all the evil pronounced against her; "Jehonadab the son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before Jehovah for ever. ) Jehonadab is last mentioned in accompanying Jehu into Baal's temple, to remove all Jehovah's secret worshippers (2 Kings 10:23), whom probably his previous knowledge of them in the desert would enable him to discern
Temple - And independent of every other consideration, how blessedly did the very spot typify Christ, the true temple for the glory of Jehovah to be manifested in. When Jesus entered the temple, his presence became the sum and substance which all these signs did but faintly resemble and minister unto; and therefore confirmed Jehovah'S promise of the greater glory of the second, than of the first temple. " (Colossians 2:9) Hence, therefore, as in the tabernacle in the wilderness, and in the temple at Jerusalem, the glory of the Lord was graciously manifested to the people to intimate the divine presence, so in the person of Christ Jesus, all that is visible it Jehovah did appear
Rams Horns - And if we find Joshua entering on his ministry with the instruments of rams-horns, may we not, yea, must we not connect with it what is said of Jesus as the horn of salvation to his people, which Jehovah promised to raise up? Luke 1:69. I would not speak pre sumptuously on this or any other subject connected with matters of such infinite moment; but as the Lord Jesus Christ is the visible Jehovah in our nature for all the purposes of redemption, and as every part of the Bible testifies that the grand design of all revelation is to exalt him, I humbly conceive that it is of Jesus wholly the Holy Ghost is continually speaking in all the great events connected with his church and people
Sun - Joshua's causing the sun to stand still phenomenally virtually proclaimed his God Jehovah to be Lord of the sun and all creation, in the face of pagandom. The horses sacred to the sun, and used in processions to meet the rising sun, were kept at the entering in of the house of Jehovah in the portico (as Gesenius explains parwarim in 2 Kings 23:11, not "suburbs") at the western side of the outer temple court
Pillars - The 12 pillars ranged as boundary stones round the consecrated enclosure represented the 12 tribes, as the "altar" represented Jehovah making covenant with them (Exodus 24:4; Isaiah 19:19). Israel's covenant with Jehovah (Joshua 24:1-25-26), where also probably Jacob had buried the idol trinkets of his household (Genesis 35:4)
Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon - On Israel crying to Jehovah the children of Ammon were defeated under Jephthah. Their gold and silver taken in battle were dedicated by David to Jehovah
Names - God was revealed to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, as GOD ALMIGHTY, which indicates the character in which God was pleased to be known by them: He was not known to them as Jehovah. To Moses He said, "I am Jehovah," and by this name He was known to Israel: it formed the basis of their relationship with God
Elijah - Elijah (e-lî'jah), my God is Jehovah. In Mount Sinai the downcast man of God was witness of Jehovah's strength and experienced Jehovah's tenderness in a very remarkable vision. He then retired into privacy, but after the dastardly murder of Naboth he suddenly appeared before the guilty king and announced the judgment of Jehovah against the royal pair
Jehu - Jehovah is he. Notwithstanding all this apparent zeal for the worship of Jehovah, Jehu yet tolerated the worship of the golden calves at Dan and Bethel
Jezebel - Wife of Ahab who became a puppet in her hands for working all wickedness in the sight of Jehovah (1 Kings 21:25). She even slew the prophets of Jehovah (2 Kings 9:7)
Eschatology - ...
The universe was so constructed that the earth lay between heaven above, where Jehovah was, and the great pit or cavern beneath, Sheol , to which the shades of the dead departed. Yet the new and higher conception of the worth of the individual and his relation with Jehovah paved the way to a clearer estimate of his immortality. Chief among these was the Day of Jehovah . At the first this was conceived of as the day in which Jehovah should punish the enemies of His nation Israel. At its coming the Hebrew nation was to be given all sorts of political and social blessings by Jehovah, but certain of its members were to share in the punishment reserved for the enemies of Jehovah. Jehovah as a great king had given His laws to His chosen people, and would establish a great assize at which all men, including the Hebrews, would be judged. The method particularly suited the presentation of the Day of Jehovah, with its punishment of Israel’s enemies. Here, however, the central motif of the Day of Jehovah is greatly expanded. In this representation we see the Day of Judgment, the Jewish equivalent of the Day of Jehovah, closing one era and opening another
Pentateuch - After the battle with Amalek (Exodus 17:14) "Jehovah said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in the Book," implying there was a regular account kept in a well known book. Also Exodus 24:4, "Moses wrote all the words of Jehovah"; (Exodus 34:27) "Jehovah said unto Moses, Write thou these words" distinguished from Exodus 34:28, "He (Jehovah) wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments" (Exodus 34:1). Numbers 33:2 "Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of Jehovah. "Eleazar," Aaron's son, succeeds to his father's exalted position and with Joshua divides the land (Joshua 21:1), as Numbers 34:17 ordained; the Levites discharge their duties, scattered among the tribes and having 48 cities, as Jehovah by Moses commanded (Numbers 35:7). Jehovah of hosts dwells between the cherubim . Jehoshaphat in Judah used "the book of the law of Jehovah," as the textbook for reaching the people (2 Chronicles 17:9). Hezekiah kept the commandments which Jehovah commanded Moses (2 Kings 18:4; 2 Kings 18:6)
Cain (1) - For Eve said, "I have gotten a man from (or with the help of) Jehovah. " She recognized this gift of Jehovah, though accompanied with the foretold "sorrow" of conception, as a first step toward fulfilling the promise of the Redeemer, "the seed of the woman" (Genesis 3:15). Cain was of that wicked one (1 John 3:12), not associated with Jehovah, except as incurring His curse. Jehovah "had not respect to Cain and his offering," but had to Abel and his offering; probably God gave the visible token of acceptance, fire from heaven consuming the sacrifice. Jehovah, who still vouchsafed intercourse to man though fallen, argues with Cain as a wayward child, "If thou doest well shalt thou not be accepted?" (or "have the excellency," namely, that belonging to the elder born
Zedekiah - This proves that Nebuchadnezzar treated his vassal kindly, allowing him to choose a new name (Zedekiah is Hebrew, "righteousness of Jehovah") and confirming it as a mark of his supremacy; this name was to be the pledge of his righteously keeping his covenant with Nebuchadnezzar who made him swear by God (Ezekiel 17:12-16; 2 Chronicles 36:13). It was through the anger of Jehovah against Judah that Zedekiah was given up to his own rebellious devices, "stiffening his neck and hardening his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel" who warned him by Jeremiah; like Pharaoh of old (2 Chronicles 36:12-13), he would "not humble himself" (Jeremiah 38:5; Jeremiah 39:1-7; Jeremiah 52:1-11; and Jeremiah 21; 24; 27; 28; 29; 32; 33; 34; 37; 38). Zedekiah disregarded Jehovah's words by Jeremiah, notwithstanding the warning given in Jeconiah's punishment. He is distinguished by Jehoshaphat ("is there not here besides a prophet of Jehovah, that we might inquire of him?") from Jehovah's prophets. Zedekiah therefore was one of the "400 prophets of the GROVES" , (Asheerah Ashtaroth) who apparently were not slain when Elijah slew the 450 prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:19; 1 Kings 18:22; 1 Kings 18:24), or rather a prophet of the calves symbolizing "Jehovah," for they spoke in Jehovah's name (1 Kings 22:8). A proverbial formula of cursing should be taken up by all the captives, "Jehovah make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire!" (Isaiah 65:15
Habakkuk - ...
Zephaniah 1:7 is an imitation of Habakkuk 2:20; now Zephaniah (Zephaniah 1:1) lived under Josiah, and prophesied (compare Zephaniah 3:5; Zephaniah 3:15) after the restoration of Jehovah's worship, i. - Habakkuk complains of the moral disorganization around, and cries to Jehovah for help (Habakkuk 1:2-4); Jehovah in reply denounces swift vengeance (Habakkuk 1:5-11) by the Chaldeans. Habakkuk therefore, confident that God is of purer eyes than to behold evil (Habakkuk 1:13), sets himself in an attitude of waiting for the Lord's own solution of this perplexing apparent anomaly (Habakkuk 2:1); Jehovah desires him accordingly, "write the vision" of God's retributive justice plainly, so "that he may run that readeth it," namely, "run" to tell to all the good news of the foe's doom and Judah's deliverance, or, as Grotius, run through it, i. Upon God's past manifestations for His people, at Paran, Teman, and the Red Sea, Habakkuk grounds the anticipated deliverance of his people from the foe, through Jehovah's interposition in sublime majesty; so that the believer can always rejoice in the God of his salvation and his strength
Glory - " (Isaiah 60:19) So that Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, is truly and strictly glory. For in the same moment that Jehovah declares his jealousy of his name and glory, and that he will not give his glory to another, neither his praise to graven images, he commands both praise and glory to be given to his dear Son, whom he gives as a covenant to the people, that he may have all the praise and glory of redemption. A plain proof that in Jehovah'S esteem Christ is one with the Father, "over all, God blessed for ever. (Romans 9:5) The glory of Jehovah, though, no doubt, existing personally in the essence of the GODHEAD, can only be known by his creatures in the manifestation of it
Oath - Oaths were sometimes taken before the altar, or by an appeal to Jehovah; "as the Lord liveth
Zedekiah - Zedekiah (zĕd'e-kî'ah), justice of Jehovah
Teraphim - It has been supposed by some (Cheyne's Hosea) that the "ephod" here mentioned, and also in Judges 8:24-27 , was not the part of the sacerdotal dress so called (Exodus 28:6-14 ), but an image of Jehovah overlaid with gold or silver (Compare Judges 17,18 ; 1 Samuel 21:9 ; 23:6,9 ; 30:7,8 ), and is thus associated with the teraphim
Jotham - Jehovah is perfect
Booty - Abraham devoted one tenth of the spoil of Sodom, rescued from Chedorlaomer, to Jehovah through Melchizedek the king-priest (Genesis 14:19-24)
Josiah - Josiah (jo-sî'ah), whom Jehovah heals
Barak - ...
Jehovah discomfited Sisera and his chariots and his host, by the swords of the Israelites, and apparently the overthrow was completed by a severe storm and the overflowing of the river Kishon
Shepherd - All this is beautifully typical of the relation of Jehovah to Israel and of Christ to the church
Abomination - So when Pharaoh told Israel to offer sacrifice to Jehovah in Egypt without going to the wilderness, Moses objected: "we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes" (the cow, the only animal which all the Egyptians held sacred), "and will they not stone us?" (Exodus 8:26) compare the Jews' own practice in later times (Acts 10:28)
Sheep - The image is frequent in Scripture: Jehovah the Shepherd, His people the flock (Psalms 23:1; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 23:1-2; Ezekiel 34)
Haman - Perpetual warfare had been pronounced against them by Jehovah and this accounts for Mordecai's refusal to pay Haman reverence, which so wounded his pride and aroused his anger that he plotted to destroy not only Mordecai but all the Jews that were in the king's dominions
Works - allusions are frequent as to the activity of Jehovah for the spiritual blessing of man
Amorites - Some must have escaped, for we read of them later, and one of the controversies Jehovah had with Israel was for worshipping their gods
Finish - (Zechariah 4:9) And the Lord Jesus himself, speaking in his mediatorial character as the Sent and Servant of Jehovah, in the close of his ministry, lifted his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, I have glorified thee on the earth; I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. Oh! how truly refreshing to the soul thus to behold Christ as the lawfulfiller, the sum and substance of all the types and sacrifices, and Jehovah'S salvation, to the ends of the earth
Adoni'Jah - (my Lord is Jehovah )
Ben-Hadad - He was utterly routed by the aid of Jehovah, God of the hills and the plains also, 1 Kings 20:1-43
Levites - Substituted for the firstborn males of all Israel whom Jehovah claimed as His when He saved Israel from the stroke on Egypt's firstborn; the Levites, 22,000; the firstborn males, 22,273; the odd 273 above were to be redeemed at five shekels each (Numbers 3:45-51), the fixed price for redeeming a victim vowed in sacrifice (Numbers 18:16; Leviticus 27:6). The Levites were Jehovah's and Israel's 1 Chronicles 9:2; the Levites' subordinates) and "joined" (as Levi means) to the priests (Numbers 3:9; Nehemiah 12:27-3020; Numbers 18:2; Numbers 18:4; Numbers 18:6). ...
The Levites were purified for service with bathing, shaving, washing clothes, imposition of Israel' s hands, waving them as a wave offering to Jehovah (compare our gospel "living sacrifice," Romans 12:1) toward the four points of the compass, in token of entire consecration of all their powers; the Levite then laid hands on one bullock offered for a sin offering and another for a burnt offering. to carry the ark of God but the Levites, for them hath Jehovah chosen. The duties of the Levites are defined by him (1 Chronicles 23:24-32), "to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of Jehovah," etc. , "and to stand every morning to thank and praise Jehovah, and likewise at even, and to offer (i. They sang by course, praising Jehovah, at the founding and subsequent dedicating of the temple (Ezra 3:10-11; Ezra 6:18). Jehovah praises Levites as to the past: "My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared Me and was afraid before My name
le'Vites - The conquered Hivites became "hewers of wood and drawers of water" for the house of Jehovah and for the congregation. They were, in the language of ( 1 Chronicles 23:24-32 ) to which we may refer as almost the locus classicus on this subject, "to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of Jehovah, in the courts, and the chambers, and the purifying of all holy things. " They were, besides this, "to stand every morning to thank and praise Jehovah, and likewise at even. to assist the priest in offering-- "all burnt sacrifices to Jehovah in the sabbaths and on the set feasts
Servant - ...
In relation to the character of servant, as it refers to the service the whole creation owe the Lord, we may take up the language of the Psalmist, and say, all things continue, according to Jehovah'S ordinance: for all things serve thee. " (Job 12:16) Wicked men, and devils, as well as the faithful servants of Jehovah, may be said to minister to the Lord's will and pleasure; and though not by their intentions, yet by the overruling and sovereign power of God, do carry on his administrations in his almighty government. I have another, and as I hope, a higher object for its introduction; I mean in relation to the person, work, and offices of the Lord Jesus Christ, as Jehovah'S servant, and the servant of his people, as set forth in these unequalled words of humility and tenderness, and which are Jesus own, when he said. " (Matthew 20:28)...
This view of the Lord Jesus, as Jehovah'S Servant, in the great work of redemption, and the servant of his people, opens to our contemplation, one of the most endearing and most affectionate in all the office-characters of our Lord Jesus Christ. "Listen O isles unto me; and harken ye people from far! the Lord hath called me, from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name; and said unto me, Thou art my Servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified?"...
Such then being plainly and evidently the case, that the Lord Jesus Christ is Jehovah'S Servant, it will be highly proper and important that every follower of the Lord Jesus Christ should have a just and right conception of the sense in which this is meant in Scripture. " In this equality of nature and of essence, he is not Jehovah'S Servant, for he is Jehovah'S Fellow. (Zechariah 13:7) But when in the council of peace, before all worlds, in that covenant transaction which took place for the redemption of our nature between the glorious persons of the GODHEAD, the Son of God undertook to become man, that he might be the Surety and Sponsor of his church and people; here by this infinite condescension, we discover how Christ, as God and man united in one person, might, as he really and truly did, become the servant of Jehovah. ...
And so far was this act of humiliation from lessening the infinite dignity of the Lord Jesus Christ, or in a single circumstance departing from his own essential power and GODHEAD, that had he not been God as well as man, he could not have been a suited person of Jehovah'S Servant. He, and he only, as God and man in the person, could be the competent Servant, of Jehovah to obey and fulfil all righteousness; to cancel and take away all sins by his blood; and as Jehovah'S righteous servant, to justify many, and to be "his salvation to the ends of the earth. "...
I hope the reader will be able from this short relation of the person of the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Christ of God, God and man united, to form full and just ideas of the sense in which it is, that our dear Redeemer is Jehovah'S Servant. And he is so fully and so completely Jehovah'S Servant, out of zeal to his Father's glory, and out of pure free unpurchased love to his church, his Spouse, that the proper knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ in his character, among all his other offices and characters, is life eternal. (See John 17:3)...
And now reader, if the Lord, the Holy Ghost, whose office it is to take of the things of Jesus, and to shew to the people, hath graciously shewn Christ to you in this lovely and endearing character; what a sweetness must your soul find, as often as you hear God the Father calling upon you in that sweet Scripture, to behold his Servant, your Surety, whom Jehovah upholds, and in whom his soul delighteth! And how blessed must you be to behold your Lord Jesus as Jehovah'S Servant and your Surety, entering, as the Scriptures have set him forth, the service of his Father, magnifying his holy law, and fulfilling all righteousness; yea, more than repairing all the breaches our sins had made, and purchasing for his redeemed a greater abundance of glory and happiness by his righteousness and blood shedding, than a whole eternity will be able to recompence! Oh, what endless glories, even now by faith, break in upon the soul, while contemplating the Father's grace, and Jesus' love, in this great salvation! "Haste, haste my beloved, and until the day break, and the shadows flee away, be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether
Ahab - Soon after, having gone with Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, to regain Ramoth-gilead from the Syrians, and joined battle with them in defiance of Jehovah, he was slain, and dogs licked up his blood at the pool of Samaria, 1 Kings 16:29-22:40
Abednego - It is an instance also of those gracious visitations to the old Heathen world, by which it was loudly called from its idolatries, and aroused to the acknowledgment of the true and only Jehovah, who, in various ways, "left not himself without witness" among them
Hadarezer - After Joab's first repulse of Ammon and their Syrian allies Hadarezer, undaunted by defeat twice (2 Samuel 8:3; 2 Samuel 8:5), sent a host under the command of Shophach to assist his kinsmen of Maachah, Rehob, and Ishtob; David in person routed them completely at Helam; thus, the Syrian confederacy was overthrown, Hadarezer's subordinate princes submitted to David who dedicated to Jehovah the 1000 "shields" or "weapons (shelet ) of gold" taken in the first war; these were long known as king David's (Song of Solomon 4:4; 2 Chronicles 23:9)
Medicine - Physic was often associated with superstition; this was Asa's fault, "he sought not unto Jehovah but to the physicians" (2 Chronicles 16:12)
Darkness - " This was the "thick cloud upon the mount" in which Jehovah was when he spake unto Moses there
Heifer - As the gadfly attacks the heifer so "destruction cometh" on Egypt, namely, Nebuchadnezzar the destroyer or agitator sent by Jehovah; Vulgate translated suitably to the image of a heifer, "a goader," qerets
Judgment - ...
By its very nature the thought of judgment is eschatological, and can be traced from the conception of the Day of Jehovah of the ancient Hebrews
Just - 1 Peter 3:18, and possibly James 5:6) ‘the Just One’ is a Messianic name corresponding to the prophecies of the Righteous Servant of Jehovah (Isaiah 53:11; cf
Queen of Heaven - And as the greater light, the sun which Jehovah made to rule the day, was called Baal Shemim, lord of heaven, so the lesser light, the moon, which governed the night, was naturally called Malkah Shemem, queen of heaven; and from the influence of both they naturally became idle
Jael - ...
Great indignation has been expressed at this act of Jael, and even Christians have blamed her severely; but it was foretold that Jehovah would "sell Sisera into the hand of a woman;" and immediately after the deed, it is added, "So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel
Obadiah - He feared the Lord greatly, and had the boldness, in spite of Ahab and Jezebel, to hide a hundred of the prophets of Jehovah, and feed them with bread and water, when Jezebel was cutting off the prophets
Saviour - ...
Man cannot save himself temporally or spiritually; Jehovah alone can save (Job 40:14; Psalms 33:16; Psalms 44:3; Psalms 44:7; Hosea 13:4; Hosea 13:10)
Church - The worshipers of Jehovah or the true God, before the advent of Christ as the Jewish church
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - ‘Jehovah judges,’ to an ideal spot
Hezekiah - He tried to restore the worship of Jehovah, removing "high places," and destroying the brazen serpent; consult 2 Chronicles 28:22-25; for the final deportation of the Ten Tribes see 2 Kings 17:1-41; 2 Kings 18:9-12; and for his revolt against the Assyrians compare 2 Kings 18:1-37; 2 Chronicles 32:1-33
Abednego - So that from Azariah, to remind him, as often as he heard himself called, he might remember that Jehovah was his help; he is brought into remembrance whenever he now heard his name, that he was the servant of an idol, in whom there is no help
Ark - And the ark in the wilderness is called the ark of the covenant, intimating Christ given of Jehovah to the people
Abijah - Abijah (a-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah
Micah - An Ephraimite in the time of the Judges, soon after Joshua, who stole eleven hundred shekels of silver from his mother, but restored them, and with her consent employed them in establishing a private sanctuary, with an image to be used in the worship of Jehovah, and with a Levite for his priest
Names - Sometimes a whole phrase was formed into a name; as Elioneai, to Jehovah are mine eyes, 1 Chronicles 4:36
Fire - In Scripture, is often connected with the presence of Jehovah; as in the burning bush, and on Mount Sinai, Exodus 3:2 19:18 Psalm 18:1-50 Habakkuk 1:1-3:19
Josiah - He caused them to renew their covenant with Jehovah, and celebrated the Passover with a solemnity like that of its first institution
Phin'Ehas - ) For this he was rewarded by the special approbation of Jehovah and by a promise that the priesthood should remain in his family forever
Jezebel - She 'cut off' the prophets of Jehovah, and had four hundred prophets of Baal that ate at her table
Judges - Even while the administration of Samuel gave something like a settled government to the south, there was scope for the irregular exploits of Samson on the borders of the Philistines; and Samuel at last established his authority as judge and prophet, but still as the servant of Jehovah, only to see it so abused by his sons as to exhaust the patience of the people, who at length demanded a king , after the pattern of the surrounding nations
Adoption - Moses was instructed to say to Pharaoh, "Thus saith Jehovah, Israel is my son, even my firstborn
Encampment - The earthly camp exhibited the perfect symmetry of the church; the tabernacle in the middle denoted the dependence of all on Jehovah and the access of all to Him. So late as Hezekiah the temple was called "the tents of Jehovah" (2 Chronicles 31:2; Psalms 78:28; compare "a great host like the host of God" applied to David's adherents, 1 Chronicles 12:22)
Baasha - Therefore, the word of Jehovah came to Jehu son of Hanani: "Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust (which implies that he was of low origin), and made thee prince over My people Israel; and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made My people Israel to sin . An incidental notice explains it (1 Kings 12:26): "Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David if this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of Jehovah at Jerusalem
Hananiah - Identified by some with Joanna (the Jah or Jehovah being put at the beginning instead of at the end, as in Hanan-jah, "graciously given by Jehovah"), Luke 3:27
Army - It must be remembered that Israel were the hosts of Jehovah, keeping His charge and fighting His battles. Though the Romans were God's rod to punish them, their stiff necks could not bow, nor receive the punishment as from Jehovah
Pentecost - The lesson to Israel was, "Jehovah maketh peace in thy borders, He filleth thee with the finest of the wheat" (Psalms 147:14). Waved Before Jehovah with a peace offering of the two lambs of the first year, and given to the priests
Beloved - " What a rapturous thought to the soul is it, that our Jesus is beloved of Jehovah, because he undertook our cause, became our Surety, lived for us as such, and died for us as such, and is now carrying on the one glorious design for which he became incarnate, in bringing "many sons unto glory. But as considered as one with Christ, and made comely, from the comeliness which Jesus hath imparted to her, and put upon her, she is lovely in God the Father's view, and beloved by Jehovah for ever
Calf - It is plain from Aaron's proclaiming a fast to Jehovah, ...
Exodus 32:4 , and from the worship of Jeroboam's calves being so expressly distinguished from that of Baal, 2 Kings 10:28-31 , that both Aaron and Jeroboam meant the calves they formed and set up for worship to be emblems of Jehovah
Mizpah - The name Laban gave to Galeed, the "heap of witness," the memorial of his covenant with Jacob, and the boundary landmark between them (Genesis 31:48-49; Genesis 31:52), "for he said, Jehovah watch between me and thee when we are absent one from another. ) Herein he adopts Jacoh's language (Hebrew) and religion (Jehovah's worship). Here on the hallowed ground he "uttered all his words before Jehovah in the Mizpah. (Psalms 22:14; Psalms 58:7; 2 Samuel 14:14; Isaiah 40:29-30; 2 Corinthians 12:9-10; Lamentations 2:19, "pour out thine heart like water before the face of Jehovah
Sabbath - But in truth, the prohibition of work is only subsidiary to the positive idea of joyful rest and recreation in communion with Jehovah, who himself "rested and was refreshed. The Sabbath was a perpetual sign and covenant, and the holiness of the day is collected with the holiness of the people; "that ye may know that I am Jehovah that doth sanctify you. Nehemiah commanded the people, on a day holy to Jehovah "Mourn not, nor weep: eat the fat, and drink: the sweet, and send portions to them for whom nothing is prepared. On this day the people were accustomed to consult their prophets, (2 Kings 4:23 ) and to give to their children that instruction in the truths recalled to memory by the day which is so repeatedly enjoined as the duty of parents; it was "the Sabbath of Jehovah" not only in the sanctuary, but "in all their dwellings
Jehoiakim - Raised to the throne by Pharaoh Necho, who named him Jehoiakim (whom Jehovah establishes), having deposed Jehoahaz, the people's nominee, his younger brother. In this case not so; the pagan kings Pharaoh and Nebuchadnezzar made Jehoiakim and Zedekiah ("Jehovah's righteousness") confirm their covenant of subjection with the seal of Jehovah's name, the Jews' own God, by whom they had sworn fealty. Jehovah was the primary sender of these scourges (rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar, after promising fealty, was rebellion against God: Jeremiah 27:6-8; Ezekiel 17:16-19), not only for Jehoiakim's sins but for those of his forefather Manasseh, in whose steps he trod, and the "innocent blood which Jehovah would not pardon. ) Jehoiakim showed his vindictive malice against Jehovah's prophets. Urijah, son of Shemaiah, of Kirjath Jearim, prophesied against Jerusalem and Judah in the name of Jehovah thereupon Jehoiakim sought to kill him; he fled to Egypt, but Jehoiakim sent Elnathan of Achbor, and men with him, who brought Urijah back from Egypt, the Egyptian king allowing his vassal Jehoiakim to do so
Doxology - In the Song of Deborah praise is given to Jehovah for national deliverance (Judges 5:2; Judges 5:9; cf. In 1 Kings 1:48; 1 Kings 8:15 there is thankful recognition of Jehovah’s power and control in national events. The Psalms are especially rich (Psalms 28:6; Psalms 34:2-3; Psalms 135, 146), though one form, ‘give thanks unto Jehovah, for His lovingkindness endureth for ever,’ seems to be the most common both in the Psalms and all post-exilic literature (Psalms 106:1; Psalms 107:1; Psalms 118:1-3, 1 Chronicles 16:34, 2 Chronicles 5:13; 2 Chronicles 7:3; 2 Chronicles 7:6, Ezra 3:11). Though the fundamental religious idea of the doxology, that Jehovah is the Holy One whose sovereign power must be acknowledged at all times, was a noble one, its use had too often degenerated into the veriest formalism. No Jewish benediction was complete without reference to ‘the kingdom’ of Jehovah
Doxology - In the Song of Deborah praise is given to Jehovah for national deliverance (Judges 5:2; Judges 5:9; cf. In 1 Kings 1:48; 1 Kings 8:15 there is thankful recognition of Jehovah’s power and control in national events. The Psalms are especially rich (Psalms 28:6; Psalms 34:2-3; Psalms 135, 146), though one form, ‘give thanks unto Jehovah, for His lovingkindness endureth for ever,’ seems to be the most common both in the Psalms and all post-exilic literature (Psalms 106:1; Psalms 107:1; Psalms 118:1-3, 1 Chronicles 16:34, 2 Chronicles 5:13; 2 Chronicles 7:3; 2 Chronicles 7:6, Ezra 3:11). Though the fundamental religious idea of the doxology, that Jehovah is the Holy One whose sovereign power must be acknowledged at all times, was a noble one, its use had too often degenerated into the veriest formalism. No Jewish benediction was complete without reference to ‘the kingdom’ of Jehovah
Tabernacle - The tabernacle was the tent of Jehovah, called by the same name as the tents of the people in the midst of which it stood. --It was first called a tent or dwelling , ( Exodus 25:8 ) because Jehovah as it were, abode there. It was called the veil, (Sometimes the second veil, either is reference to the first, at the entrance of the holy place, or as below the vail of the second sanctuary;) ( Hebrews 9:3 ) as it hid from the eyes of all but the high priest the inmost sanctuary, where Jehovah dwells on his mercy-seat, between the cherubim above the ark. These objects were all considered as being placed before the presence of Jehovah, who dwelt in the holiest of all, though with the veil between. --"The tabernacle, as the place in which Jehovah dwelt, was pitched in the centre of the camp, (Numbers 2:2 ) as the tent of a leader always is in the East; for Jehovah was the Captain of Israel. (Numbers 9:15-23 ) It was always the special meeting-place of Jehovah and his people
Abraham - The unfriendly attitude of the Canaanites induced him next to move to the mountain country between Bethel and Ai, where also he built an altar to Jehovah, whose worship was fast passing into oblivion in the world. On his return his first visit was to the altar which he had erected to Jehovah before his fall (compare Genesis 13:4 with Genesis 13:10-113; Revelation 2:5). Melchizedek, one of the only native princes who still served Jehovah, and was at once king and priest, blessed Abraham in the name of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth, and blessed God in Abraham's name, by a beautiful reciprocation of blessing, and ministered to him bread and wine; and Abraham "gave him tithes of all. " Immediately after Abraham had refused worldly rewards Jehovah in vision said, "I am . Abraham in his 99th year was recalled to the standing of faith by Jehovah's charge, "Walk before Me and be thou perfect" (Genesis 17). Now first, Jehovah, with two ministering angels, reveals Himself and His judicial purposes (Genesis 18) in familiar intercourse with Abraham as "the friend of God" (John 15:15; Psalms 25:14; 2 Chronicles 20:7; James 2:23; Amos 3:7), and accepts his intercession to a very great extent for the doomed cities of the plain. chosen by Jehovah); others suppose Moreh, three days' journey from Beersheba. His faith was rewarded by the original promises being now confirmed by Jehovah's oath by Himself (Hebrews 6:13; Hebrews 6:17); and his believing reply to his son, "God will provide Himself a lamb," received its lasting commemoration in the name of that place, Jehovah Jireh, "the Lord will provide
Glory - Jehovah is called ‘the glory’ of Israel as the proudest possession of His people ( Jeremiah 2:11 ; cf. Two uses of the expression ‘the glory of Jehovah’ are to be noted. Here the visible glory, the brightness of Jehovah’s face, may not be seen. The spiritual glory is revealed in the proclamation of the name of Jehovah, full of compassion and gracious
Sabbath - It is indeed an Hebrew word, and signifies repose or rest; and hence Christ, "who is the rest wherewith Jehovah causeth the weary to rest, and who is their refreshing. And surely Jehovah hath dealt bountifully with the souls of all his. (Genesis 8:9)...
The Sabbath was instituted, from the first dawn of the creation; for when Jehovah had called into existence the several works of his almighty hand, which his sovereign will and pleasure gave being to "he is said to have rested from his works which he had made;" and reviewing with complacency what his hands had wrought, beholding their number and order in the several ranks and disposals of his design, he sanctified the day of his rest, and commanded every seventh day to be hallowed for his more immediate worship, adoration love, and praise, by all his intelligent creatures
Gad (1) - of Jordan for their possession (Numbers 32), as suited for their "multitude of cattle," but accompanied the nine tribes and a half across Jordan to war with the Canaanites; and only after their conquest and the apportionment of the whole land to their brethren "at the doorway of the tabernacle of the congregation in Shiloh, before Jehovah" (Joshua 19:51; Joshua 22:1-8), were they dismissed "to their tents (for still they led a half nomadic life) and the land of their possession. of Jordan, along with them: Numbers 32:17; Numbers 32:21; Numbers 32:32; Joshua 1:14; Joshua 4:12), he executed the justice of Jehovah (Moses prophetically foresees Gad will do what Jehovah required of His people as righteousness) and His judgments (in fellowship) with (the rest of) Israel
Shem - ...
Noah's words after Shem's dutifulness in covering his father's shame, in filial reverence, with Japheth (compare the blessing, Exodus 20:12), "blessed be Jehovah, the God of Shem, and Canaan shall be his servant," not only bless God for putting the pious feeling into his heart, but prophesy that Jehovah should be especially the God of Shem, which was fulfilled in choosing Abraham and Israel his descendants as God's peculiar people. ) The Hamitic Babel tower builders perhaps sneered at the religion of Shem the father of the faithful, the worshipper of "Jehovah God of Shem
Lamentations - No "word of Jehovah "or divine message to the sinful and suffering people occurs in Lamentations. Thus, the words originally applied to Josiah (Lamentations 4:20) Jeremiah now applies to the throne of Judah in general, the last representative of which, Zedekiah, had just been blinded and carried to Babylon (compare Jeremiah 39:5-7): "the breath of our nostrils, the anointed of Jehovah, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the (live securely in spite of the surrounding) pagan. His appeal in both is to Jehovah for judgment (Lamentations 3:64-66; Jeremiah 11:20); Edom, exulting in Zion's fall, is warned that God's winecup of wrath shall pass away from Zion and be drunk by Edom (Lamentations 4:21; Jeremiah 25:15-21; Jeremiah 49:12). ...
The second elegy (Lamentations 2) dwells on the city's destruction, her breach through which like a sea the foe poured in, the famine, the women eating their little children (fulfilling Deuteronomy 28:53), the priest and prophet slain in the sanctuary, the king and princes among the Gentiles, the law no more, the past vanity of the prophets forbearing to discover Zion's iniquity, retributively punished by the present absence of vision from Jehovah (Lamentations 2:9; Lamentations 2:14). ), his past derision on the part of all the people; the mercies of the Lord new every morning, his hope; his sanctified conviction that it was good for him to have borne the yoke in youth, and now to wait for Jehovah's salvation. ...
The fifth elegy (Lamentations 5) is prayer to Jehovah to consider "our reproach," slaves ruling His people, women ravished, young men grinding, children sinking under burdens of wood, "the crown" of the kingdom and priesthood "fallen," and Zion desolate. But one grand source of consolation is Jehovah's eternal rule (Lamentations 5:19), which, though suffering His people's affliction for a time, has endless years in store wherein to restore them, the same ground of hope as in Psalms 102:12; Psalms 102:26-27. ...
The gleams of believing and assured hope break forth at the close, so that there is a clear progress from the almost unrelieved gloom of the beginning (Lamentations 1:2; Lamentations 1:9; Lamentations 1:17; Lamentations 1:21); it recognizes Jehovah's (Lord in capitals) sovereignty in punishing, by repeating seven times the name Adonai (Lord in small letters): Lamentations 3:22-31; Lamentations 3:33; Lamentations 4:21-22; Lamentations 5:19-22
Joab - Jehovah is his father
Matthew - ("the gift of Jehovah"), contracted from Mattathias
Satan - , Satan), "an adversary," is used (a) of an angel of Jehovah in Numbers 22:22 (the first occurrence of the Word in the OT); (b) of men, e
Matthias - MATTHIAS (‘gift of Jehovah’)
Eglon - Scripture simply records the fact, and that Ehud was raised up by Jehovah as Israel's deliverer
Cloud - Jehovah came down upon Sinai in a cloud (Exodus 19:9 ); and the cloud filled the court around the tabernacle in the wilderness so that Moses could not enter it (Exodus 40:34,35 )
Elisabeth - ), and in Mary’s Child a fulfilment of the promise of Jehovah Himself (Luke 1:45)
Grove - Abraham planted a memorial tree in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Jehovah
Stumbling Block, - ...
Jehovah of hosts was to be a sanctuary for the believing remnant, but He would be "for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel," that is, He would become such through their unbelief in Jehovah's intervention through the virgin's child
Stones - None but the high priest knew the name written upon it, perhaps "Jehovah
Son, the; Son of God - Thus the word was to be fulfilled: "Jehovah hath said unto me, Thou art my Son: this day have I begotten thee
Physician - Jehovah Himself was the physician of His people Israel, ready at all times to heal and restore them
Saint - Aaron is called 'the saint of Jehovah
Mercy-Seat - " (Revelation 13:8)...
The form of the mercy-seat, or propitiatory, was that of an ark, covered with gold, at the two ends of which were placed the cherubim to cover over the mercy-seat, from whence Jehovah was supposed to speak
Korah - With these it was an ecclesiastical rebellion: "they strove against Jehovah" in His appointed priesthood
Micah - A man of Mount Ephraim, whose history reveals the sad state of private life in Israel, as well as the mixture of idolatry with the name of Jehovah, early in the times of the Judges, Phinehas being still high priest
Teraphim - Micah had them in his house, and felt sure that Jehovah would bless him when he had a Levite to minister before them
Vocation - The glory of God, who is supremely wise, good, merciful, just, and powerful, is so luminously displayed in this communication both of his grace and glory, as deservedly to raise into rapturous admiration the minds of angels and of men, and to employ their loosened tongues in celebrating the praises of Jehovah, Revelation 4:8-11 ; 1618067849_2
Balaam - In this transaction he was made a bearer, against his own will, of the sublime messages of Jehovah; yet his heart remained unchanged, and he did not "the death of the righteous," Numbers 31:8 Joshua 13:22
Jubilee - They were also thus reminded that Jehovah was the great Proprietor and Disposer of all things, and they but his tenants
Saul - The guilty course and the awful end of this first king of the Hebrews were a significant reproof of their sin in desiring any king but Jehovah; and also show to what extremes of guilt and ruin one may go who rebels against God, and is ruled by his own ambitious and envious passions
Sacrifice - Sacrifices have been common to most nations, and have been offered to false gods, as well as by the Israelites to Jehovah
Rehoboam - ...
The outward worship of Jehovah was maintained in Judah, but Rehoboam did not check the introduction of heathen abominations into the land, and the wickedness of the people became very great
Jesus - Joshua the son of Nun was firstcalled Oshea, but Moses changed it to Jehoshea, (contracted toJoshua) from Jah, (Jehovah) and Oshea, Saviour, and meaning, "Heby whom God will save His people from their enemies
Isaiah - Υeshayahu or Ιsaiahuw (?), Hebrew "the salvation of Jehovah," his favorite expression, which means the same as the name "Jesus", who is the grand subject of his prophecies, and in whom in the New Testament the name Jehovah merges, being never found in Scripture after the Old Testament. The Υahu (or Jahu ) in Υeshayahu shows that Υahweh (or Jahveh ) is the more correct form than Jehovah . ) The prophets were now needed to interpret Jehovah's dealings, that the people might recognize His righteous judgments as well as His merciful longsuffering. Cyrus in his edict refers to the prophecies of the latter portion, which assign him the kingdoms from Jehovah and the duty of rebuilding His temple. Israel in the Babylonian exile, suffering as God's representative amidst pagan conquerors, is viewed as "the servant of Jehovah"; but as the mass of Jews were suffering for their sins the idea of "servant of Jehovah" limited itself to the elect, the holy seed of Israel's future. Then in the fullest sense Israel, the "elect servant of Jehovah," becomes concentrated in MESSIAH, the innocent sufferer atoning for the guilty, the seed of an everlasting and holy generation (Isaiah 42:1-7; Isaiah 44:1; Isaiah 49:3-25; Isaiah 49:52; Isaiah 49:53). ) Shearjashub, "the remnant shall return," and Maher-shalal-hash-baz, "speeding to the spoil he hasteth to the prey," intimate the two chief points of his prophecies, Jehovah's judgments on the world yet His mercy to the elect. ...
Then at the beginning of Manasseh's reign Isaiah fell a victim to the persecuting idolatry which superseded Jehovah's worship. The pretext was that Isaiah had said he had seen Jehovah (Isaiah 6), in opposition to Exodus 33:20. Again Isaiah 25-27, is the lyric prophecy of the downfall of the world city, the coming blessed personal epiphany of the Lord to His people, and the destruction of the foe (Isaiah 25), Judah's and Israel's resurrection politically and spiritually (Isaiah 26), the church vineyard ever kept by Jehovah (Isaiah 27); it forms the finale to Isaiah 13-23, concerning the pagan foes of Israel
Temple, the Second - First they erected and dedicated the altar of Jehovah on the exact spot where it had formerly stood, and they then cleared away the charred heaps of debris which occupied the site of the old temple; and in the second month of the second year (B. The second temple also had for the first time a space, being a part of the outer court, provided for proselytes who were worshippers of Jehovah, although not subject to the laws of Judaism
Lie, Lying - Indeed, some of the most emphatic declarations as to the moral attributes of Jehovah are based on the belief that He is above all else the God of truth ( Num 23:19 , 1 Samuel 15:28 ; cf. Hence the enormity of the guilt of those teachers who had not Jehovah as the source of their inspiration, though they might speak in His name, who pandered to the prevailing moral degeneracy ( Jeremiah 5:31 ; Jeremiah 6:13 ; Jeremiah 29:9 , Ezekiel 13:6 ; cf. ...
A curious phenomenon in the OT is the bold speculation which sought to explain the authorship of the lying instruction by which Jehovah’s enemies were seduced to their own destruction
Abel - Cain means "possession"; for Eve said at his birth, "I have gotten as a possession a man from Jehovah," or as the Hebrew (eth ) may mean, "with the help of Jehovah"; she inferring the commencement of the fulfillment of the promise of the Redeemer (Genesis 3:15) herein
Faith - Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, hath mercifully been pleased to reveal himself as "forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin," and giving eternal life to the church in Christ Jesus. The bottom, therefore, of all faith is, that what we are called upon to is that cannot lie; Jehovah that will not lie
Naaman - He appears to have been a Gentile idolater; but being miraculously cured of his leprosy by the power of the God of Israel, and the direction of his Prophet Elisha, he renounced his idolatry, and acknowledged this God to be the only true God: "Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel," 2 Kings 5:15 , and promised, for the time to come, that he would worship none other but Jehovah, 2 Kings 5:17 . He also requested the prophet, that he might have two mules' load of earth to carry home with him from the land of Israel, most probably intending to build an altar with it in his own country; which seems, indeed, to be implied in the reason with which he enforces his request: "Shall there not, I pray thee, be given to thy servant two mules' burden of earth; for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt-offering nor sacrifice to other gods but unto Jehovah
King, Kings - " Their demand for a king was offensive to him, as an unbelieving and rebellious departure from the more immediate headship of Jehovah, 1 Samuel 8:7 . It was a prophet or high priest of Jehovah who anointed the king, and placed the crown upon his head and the scepter in his hand, Deuteronomy 17:15,18-20 1 Samuel 10:1 12:12-15 2 Samuel 1:14,21 1 Kings 1:39 2 Kings 9:1-6 11:2-12 Psalm 21:3
Isaiah - , "the salvation of Jehovah"). 726), who "rebelled against the king of Assyria" (2 Kings 18:7 ), in which he was encouraged by Isaiah, who exhorted the people to place all their dependence on Jehovah (Isaiah 10:24 ; 37:6 ), entered into an alliance with the king of Egypt (Isaiah 30:2-4 )
Peace - Jehovah it is that first publisheth his royal intentions of being reconciled to his offending creature man. It is Jehovah that points out and provides the means, and accomplisheth the end, in the attainment of it
Jericho - herem, "devoted" to Jehovah), and accordingly (Joshua 6:17 ; Compare Leviticus 27:28,29 ; Deuteronomy 13:16 ) all the inhabitants and all the spoil of the city were to be destroyed, "only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron" were reserved and "put into the treasury of the house of Jehovah" (Joshua 6:24 ; Compare Numbers 31:22,23,50-54 )
Jehoram - ("exalted by Jehovah"), JEHORAM or JORAM. Jehoram fell into Jeroboam's sin of worshipping Jehovah under the calf symbol, which every Israelite king regarded as a political necessity, but not into his father's and mother's Baal idolatry; nay, he removed Baal's statue (2 Kings 3:2-3). As Elisha spoke so sternly to him in 2 Kings 3:14, the removal of the Baal statue may have been subsequent to, and the consequence of, Jehoram's witnessing the deliverance of himself and his two allies, wrought through Jehovah's prophet in chapter 3. The prophet probably had advised holding out, and promised deliverance if they humbly sought Jehovah (Jonah 3:6). Jehoram thought that by his sackcloth he had done his part; when God's help did not yet come, Jehoram vented his impatience on the prophet, as if Elisha's zeal for Jehovah against Baal was the cause of the calamity. He stayed the execution in person, then complained despairingly of the evil as "from Jehovah," as if it were vain to "wait still further for Jehovah
Zerubbabel - ...
They used the same psalm of praise, "because Jehovah is good, for His mercy endureth forever toward Israel" (Psalms 136:1; 2 Chronicles 5:13; 1 Chronicles 16:7-34), as David had delivered to Asaph for public liturgy, and as Solomon had used at the dedication of His temple; making use also probably of the same style of instrument, to some extent affected by their Babylonian and Assyrian experience. "Jehovah hereby stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel (Haggai 1:14-15) and of Joshua, so that they rose up, came, and did work in the house of Jehovah of hosts, their God, in the 24th day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king," "and with them were the prophets of God helping them" (Ezra 5:1-2)
a'Braham - (Genesis 12:6 ) Here he received in vision from Jehovah the further revelation that this was the land which his descendants should inherit. Abraham accompanied them, and is represented as an interlocutor in a dialogue with Jehovah, in which he pleaded in vain to avert the vengeance threatened to the devoted cities of the plain. " (Hebrews 11:19 ) The sacrifice was stayed by the angel of Jehovah, the promise of spiritual blessing made for the first time, and Abraham with his son returned to Beersheba, and for a time dwelt there
Jubilee - The land was held as belonging to Jehovah, and if sold, or redeemed, the price must be reckoned according to the number of years to the next Jubilee, when all possessions returned to their former owners. If land was consecrated to Jehovah, it might be redeemed before the Jubilee, but if not redeemed by that time it became perpetually consecrated. "Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof; but in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for Jehovah: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard
Redemption (2) - Outside the Law, and in relation to Jehovah, both terms are used of simple salvation or deliverance, especially when attended by impressive displays of power, or the assertion or vindication of righteousness, or vengeance upon enemies. ), is applied to Jehovah as the all-powerful, holy, and merciful vindicator, deliverer, and avenger of His people. —The foundations of the NT doctrine of redemption are laid in the OT conceptions of the holiness, righteousness, and grace of Jehovah, and of sin as something abhorrent to Jehovah’s holiness, which He must needs condemn and punish, but from which He desires to save. In this it is already implied that Jehovah will manifest His power, righteousness, and love in helping and saving His people, in vindicating their cause when oppressed, in visiting their adversaries with judgments, and in working out great and astonishing deliverances for them when the hour comes for the fulfilment of His promises. The great historic instance of Jehovah’s redemption of His people was their deliverance from the bondage of Egypt (Exodus 6:6; Exodus 15:13, Deuteronomy 7:8 etc. Prayers, therefore, are frequent that Jehovah would redeem from oppression, from violence, from sickness, from death, from captivity, etc. As, in the OT, outward calamities are usually connected with Jehovah’s anger, or with the hiding of His face, so, it is everywhere implied, the first condition of the removal of these evils is return to God and the forsaking of iniquity; if the individual is righteous, this is the ground on which he looks to God for vindication against the ungodly oppressor (Psalms 3, 4, 5 etc. Behind all interpositions for deliverance and help, whatever the words employed, stand Jehovah’s unchanging character, His pledged word, His inflexible will to uphold the right, His compassion for the afflicted and oppressed. ...
The Deliverer of His people in the OT is Jehovah Himself. Hence the affection with which Deutero-Isaiah dwells on the idea of Jehovah as the נֹּאֶל, or ‘Redeemer’ of Israel. It is noteworthy, however, that in two passages redemption is attributed to the ‘angel’ of Jehovah—that mysterious personality, one with Jehovah, yet again distinct from Him, who figures so prominently, particularly in the earlier stages of revelation. That is, Jehovah’s interposition in redemption is by means of His angel (cf. The culmination of that development is reached in the matchless representation of Isaiah 53, where the Servant of Jehovah is pictured as making expiation by His sufferings and death for the sins of the people
King - The words "Jehovah is our Judge, Jehovah is our Lawgiver, Jehovah is our King," embody the theocracy (Isaiah 33:22). the rights and duties of the king in relation to Jehovah the supreme King, and to the nation
Advocate - The Redeemer's claim to this office of an advocate, and the only advocate of our poor nature, is founded on the call of Jehovah. " So then, it appears beyond all question and dispute, that Jehovah, who said unto him, "Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee;" said also, "Thou art a priest for ever;" and confirmed it by his oath. Your Jesus, your advocate with the Father, is your sworn advocate, and by Jehovah himself. And as by reason of the sin of our nature, God our Father is the law adversary of every poor sinner; (see Matthew 5:25) so Christ is our law advocate, and fully and legally appointed to this office, by Jehovah himself
Atonement, Day of - ...
Then he presented the two goats before the Lord at the tabernacle door, and cast lots upon them, implying that Christ's sacrifice was "by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God" (Acts 2:23; Acts 4:28); on one was written "For Jehovah;" on the other "For Azazel. " The goat "for Jehovah" was then slain, and its blood sprinkled as the bullock's. ...
But both goats were presented before Jehovah" as consecrated to Him (Leviticus 16:7); and both alike in color, height, and value, form but two parts of one complex act of atonement; the one alone could not in the nature of things have expressed the whole truth. The one "for Jehovah," by its death, expresses Christ's life sacrificed instead of our forfeited lives; the "goat for complete sending away" expresses the blessed effect of that sacrifice, "as far as the E. priest returned into the holy place, bathed again, put on his usual official garments, and offered the two rams as burnt offerings, one for himself, the other for the people: the burnt offering after the atonement expressing whole dedication of themselves to Jehovah
Jeroboam - men, employed for 20 years in works for the glory of Judah, and for palaces and idol temples (besides Jehovah's temple transferred from Shiloh in northern Israel to Judah's capital), all for a prince no longer of their own line. Ahijah the prophet of Shiloh had previously met Jeroboam by the way, and drawn him aside into the field, and in Jehovah's name intimated that Jeroboam should have ten tribes, and the house of David one, for the apostasy of Solomon and the people, vividly symbolizing the fact as already accomplished in God's counsel by tearing His new (answering to the youthful vigour of the kingdom) four grainered garment into twelve pieces, and giving him ten. At Solomon's death the Israelites called Jeroboam out of Egypt, for they had been longing for a less theocratic and more worldly kingdom, impatient already of submission to the royal house appointed by Jehovah (2 Samuel 20). ) He thus violated God's command that there should be only one altar, namely, that at Jerusalem; still worse, he violated the second commandment by worshipping Jehovah, who is a spirit, under the form of images somewhat like the two cherubim. of his kingdom, the scene of Jehovah's revelation to the patriarch Jacob (Genesis 28:11; Genesis 28:19; Genesis 35:7); and Dan, at the sources of the Jordan (now Tell el Kadi) in the far N. ...
While Jeroboam stood in person to burn incense, or rather to burn the sacrificial portions of the flesh, upon the altar of Bethel, usurping the priest's office, a man of God out of Judah, impelled by (1 Kings 13:2; Hebrew in; Haggai 1:13) the word of Jehovah, Iddo according to Josephus (Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1, is specified as a concrete description of what God would do by him ("he whom Jehovah will support"), to execute His judgment on Bethel and its priests: fulfilled 2 Kings 23:15-20. ...
The prophet, the instrument of his sin (according to God's righteous law: Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19), became the instrument of his punishment; his tempter became his accuser: "forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of Jehovah . " So a lion slew him, yet ate not his body, nor tore the ass, but stood passively, an emblem of mercy amidst judgment; also to mark it was no mere chance, but the visitation of Jehovah, a warning to Bethel; "if judgment begin (thus immediately) at the house of God, what shall the end be of them that obey not . " Rejecting Jehovah's will, he was no longer king by the will of God, but a successful usurper, whose example others followed. In Jehoahaz' reign Jehovah gave Israel promise of a "saviour" from Syria who "had made Israel like the dust by threshing" (2 Kings 13:4-5). ) Jeroboam seems not to have heeded Amaziah through awe of Jehovah's prophet
Solomon - Jedidiah ("beloved of Jehovah," Psalms 127:2) was his God-given name (Psalms 60:5). )...
His name Solomon , "peaceful", was given in accordance with the early prophecy that, because of wars, David should not build Jehovah's house, but that a son should be born to him, "a man of rest," who should build it (1 Chronicles 22:9; compare the fulfillment 1 Kings 4:25; 1 Kings 5:4, and the Antitype Matthew 11:29; Psalms 132:8-14; Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 9:6; Ephesians 2:14). Jehovah commissioned Nathan ("sent by the hand of Nathan"), and Nathan called David's son Jedidiah "for Jehovah's sake," i. because Jehovah loved him. Jehovah's naming him so assured David that Jehovah loved Solomon. Jedidiah was therefore not his actual name, but expressed Jehovah's relation to him (2 Samuel 12:24-25). Jehovah chose Solomon of all David's sons to be his successor, and promised to be his father, and to establish his kingdom for ever, if he were constant to His commandments (1 Chronicles 28:5-6-7). The ceremonial of coronation and anointing was repeated more solemnly before David and all the congregation, with great sacrifices and glad feastings, Zadok at the same time being anointed "priest"; and Jehovah magnified Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed upon him such royal majesty as had not been on any king before him in Israel (1 Chronicles 29:20-25). ) Toward the close of his reign God chastised him for idolatry because, beginning with latitudinarian toleration of his foreign wives' superstitions, be ended with adopting them himself; retaining at the same time what cannot be combined with idolatry, Jehovah's worship (Ezekiel 20:39; Ezekiel 20:1 Kings 11). " The queen of Sheba's (Arabian tradition calls her Βalkis ) visit illustrates the impression made by his fame, which led "all the earth to seek to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart"; she "hearing of his fame concerning the name of Jehovah" (i. which he had acquired through Jehovah's glorification of Himself in him) brought presents of gold, spices, and precious stones. )...
God having made him His Jedidiah ("beloved of Jehovah") "visited his transgression with the rod, nevertheless His lovingkindness He did not utterly take from him" (Psalms 89:30-36). As the Song of Solomon represents his first love to Jehovah in youth, so Proverbs his matured experience in middle age, Ecclesiastes the sad retrospect of old age
Obadiah - (from Hebrew: servant of Jehovah)
Way - ( c ) Of the way of Jehovah, His creative power ( Job 26:14 ), His moral rule and commandments ( Job 21:14 , Psalms 18:30 , Proverbs 8:32 )
Shemai'ah - (heard by Jehovah )
Jonathan - Whom Jehovah gave, the name of fifteen or more persons that are mentioned in Scripture
Birthright - All the firstborn of Israel were claimed by Jehovah as His, He having saved them when Egypt's firstborn were slain (Exodus 22:29)
Leviathan - Antitypically and finally Satan "the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil" (Revelation 20:2; Revelation 20:10), whom finally "Jehovah with His sore, great, and strong sword shall punish
Zedekiah - Righteousness of Jehovah
Dragon - "The dragon in the sea," which Jehovah shall punish in the day of Israel's deliverance, is Antichrist, the antitype to Babylon on the Euphrates' waters (Isaiah 27:1)
Jeremiah - Jeremiah (jĕr-e-mî'ah), whom Jehovah setteth up or appointeth
Joash - Joash (jô'ăsh), Jehovah gives
Zephaniah, the Book of - Motive to it: God's coming judgments on Israel's foes, the Philistines, Moabites, Ammonites (the land of which three nations the remnant of Jehovah's people shall possess), Ethiopians, and Nineveh, which shall be a desolation;...
"He will famish all the gods of the earth (by destroying the nations worshipping them), and men shall worship Him" each in his own house (Zephaniah 2:4-15). After her chastisement Jehovah invites the pious remnant of the Jews to wait upon Him, as He is about to interpose for Judah and Jerusalem against the nations gathered against her (Zechariah 12-14)
Shechinah - In Genesis 3:24 is the earliest notice of the Shekinah as a swordlike flame between the cherubim , being the "Presence of Jehovah" from which Cain went out, and before which Adam and succeeding patriarchs worshipped
Abdias, Book of - (from Hebrew: servant of Jehovah)
Eagle - To this David alludes, when gratefully reviewing the mercies of Jehovah: "Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things, so that thy youth is renewed like eagle's," Psalm 103:5 Isaiah 40:31
Noah - Rest, comfort, the name of celebrated patriarch who was preserved by Jehovah with his family, by means of the ark, through the deluge, and thus became the second founder of the human race
re'Chab - [1] He and his people had all along been worshippers of Jehovah, circumcised, though not looked upon as belonging to Israel and probably therefore not considering themselves bound by the Mosaic law and ritual
Obadi'ah - (1 Kings 18:3 ) He was a devout worshipper of Jehovah, and at the peril of his life concealed over a hundred prophets during the persecution by Jezebel; (1 Kings 18:3-16 ) (B
jo'ab - (whose father is Jehovah ), the most remarkable of the three nephews of David, the children of Zeruiah, David's sister
Judges, Book of, - (Judges 19:1 ; 18:1 ) It records -- (a) The conquest of Laish by a portion of the tribe of Dan, and the establishment there of the idolatrous worship of Jehovah already instituted by Micah in Mount Ephraim
Jotham - He did right before the Lord; but did not remove the high places, for "the people did yet corruptly," sacrificing and burning incense still on them (2 Kings 15; 2 Chronicles 27), He built the higher gate of the house of Jehovah, i
Adultery - Israel had been espoused to Jehovah, but instead of being a faithful wife she had sought other lovers
Ahaziah - ("whom Jehovah holds". Azariah ("whom Jehovah helps," substantially equivalent to Ahaziah or Jehoahaz by transposition, a name sadly at variance with his character), in 2 Chronicles 22:6, may be a transcriber's error for Ahaziah
Levi - The Urim and Thummim worn on the high priest's breast-plate were the pledge that Jehovah would always give His people 'light' to defend His 'right'; they should be given to Levi because he had defended Jehovah's right), whom Thou didst prove at Massah (Exodus 17:1-7, by the people's murmuring against Moses, Levi's representative, for water at the outset of the 40 years' wanderings) and with whom Thou didst strive at . Jehovah "proved" Levi, and by the people's strivings "strove with" Levi (represented by Moses and Aaron. ) Levi proved himself in the main (for Moses' failure, Numbers 20, and the Levite Korah's rebellion, Numbers 16, are graciously ignored) to be Jehovah's holy one
Meat - Each meat offering on the contrary was to be prepared without leaven, and a portion given by burning to Jehovah for a sweet savor upon the altar. ...
The rest as a most holy thing was to be eaten in the holy place by the priests alone as the mediators between Jehovah and the people
Firstborn - The firstborn represented the whole people; Jehovah said to Pharaoh, "Israel is My son, My firstborn, and I say unto thee, Let My son go, that he may serve He; and if thou refuse to let him go, behold I will slay thy son, thy firstborn" (Exodus 4:22-23). Israel, as Jehovah's firstborn, was designed to be a" kingdom of priests and an holy nation" (Exodus 19:6). Still, to mark the consecration of Israel to Jehovah, the redemption money was exacted for every firstborn (Numbers 18:15)
Gideon - " Thus addressed, the true though weak faith that was in Gideon was manifested, and he said to the Lord, "If the Lord be with us, why is all this befallen us? And where be all his miracles which our fathers told us of ?" Jehovah added, "Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee?" Gideon pleaded that his family was poor, and that he was the least in his father's house. The first thing he was bid to do was to throw down the altar of Baal, and erect an altar to Jehovah, and offer an offering thereon
Millennium - It will be characterised by a universal knowledge of Jehovah in relation to Israel. "All flesh shall know that I Jehovah am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob
Nail - Ezra had an eye to Christ, no doubt, when he said, "The Lord God had given the church a nail in his holy place!" (Ezra 9:8) And the prophet Isaiah was commissioned to tell the church, that Jehovah would fasten him "as a nail in a sure place," when describing Jesus under the type of Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah. And it is Jehovah that hath fastened him
Jeshua - " Jeshua represents Jerusalem (and so the church) before Jehovah; accused by Satan, but justified by Jehovah, of His own will and choice, through Messiah his Advocate, who strips off his rags (compare Isaiah 64:6), and "clothes him with change of raiment (the filthy garments were worn by those on trial; the white robe or caftan is put on an Eastern minister of state when acquitted; compare Isaiah 61:10), and sets a fair (symbolizing purity) mitre (the priestly turban, the pledge of the reestablished priesthood) upon his head," in answer to Zechariah's prayer Zechariah 3:1-9). They of the captivity brought silver and gold, which were made into crowns and set upon Jeshua's head by Jehovah's command; symbolizing the combination of kingship and priesthood in Messiah, unknown to the Levitical priesthood, realized in Him of whom Melehizedek was type (Zechariah 6:9-13; Psalms 110:1-4; Hebrew 5-6)
Prophet - Jehovah makes ‘his mouth like a sharp sword’ (Isaiah 49:2), and ‘puts his spirit upon him, so that he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles’ (Isaiah 42:1, also Isaiah 59:21, Isaiah 61:1). With the silence of prophecy, there came to Israel a deep yearning for the living voice of Jehovah. This title, doubtless, was frequently used, as conveying little more than a customary appellation of those holding the office; yet the fact of its having been chosen as a title shows the underlying conviction, on the part of the nation, that sanctity of character was a necessary condition of receiving communications from Jehovah; and it thus suggests not only the Divine purport of their message, but also the personal religiousness of the prophets. The prophets were conscious of being recipients of direct communications from Jehovah. In Amos (Amos 3:7) it is said, ‘The Lord God docth nothing without revealing his counsel to his servants the prophets’; and in Jeremiah (Jeremiah 23:22) we are told that the prophet stands in ‘the counsel of Jehovah. The apologetic use of prophecy in the past no doubt led to a too exclusive consideration of this aspect of the prophetic books; and the Church has gained much by regarding the prophets as men inspired by Jehovah with special moral messages to the age in which they lived. They foresee and announce as much of the secret purposes of Jehovah as was needful for His people to know. And the power of Jehovah to reveal to them the future raises Him, in the eyes of Israel, at once above the heathen gods, and proves to them that He is the true God (Isaiah 41:21-28; Isaiah 42:9; Isaiah 43:9-13; Isaiah 44:25 ff; Isaiah 48:3-7). No doubt their predictions usually announced the general results rather than detailed accounts of Jehovah’s future dealings; nevertheless their predictions were clear unveilings of coming events. OT prophets, receiving their revelation only at such times as Jehovah desired to reveal His will, could exercise their functions only intermittently; whereas Jesus, living in uninterrupted communion with His Father, was in receipt of a constant revelation of the purposes and will of God. They had to distinguish between ‘the false prophets’ and those who truly represented Jehovah. The false prophets were not as a class mere impostors trading on the religious feelings of the people, but rather they were men who, prophets by profession, lacked the spiritual discernment to interpret the mind of Jehovah. The people of Israel thus had constant need of spiritual discernment on their part to select the true and to reject the untrue in messages proffered to them, which claimed to come from Jehovah. But when experience had marked out to them a prophet as a true revealer of Jehovah’s will, they were not even then certain of receiving infallible guidance
Blasphemy - The first divine law published against it, "He that blasphemeth the name of the Lord," (or Jehovah, as it is in the Hebrew) "shall be put to death," Leviticus 24:16 , when considered along with the incidents that occasioned it, suggests a very atrocious offence in words, no less than abuse or imprecations vented against the Deity. This was manifestly the attempt of Rabshakeh, when he said, "Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the Lord," (the word is Jehovah, ) "saying, Jehovah will surely deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? Where are the gods of Hamath and of Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Iva? Have they delivered Samaria out of my hand? Who are they, among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that Jehovah should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?" 2 Kings 18:30 ; 2 Kings 18:33-35
Obadiah - ("worshipper of Jehovah"; Arabic: Αbdallah . " Ahab cared more for these than for his perishing subjects! In a corrupt court, in spite of the persecuting idolatrous queen Jezebel, "Obadiah feared Jehovah," not merely a little but "greatly. He could truly say what ought to be a motto for the young, "I fear Jehovah from my youth" (compare 2 Timothy 3:15)
Leviticus - Two chief subjects are handled:...
(1) Leviticus 1-16, the fundamental ordinances of Israel's fellowship with Jehovah;...
(2) Leviticus 17-27, the laws for hallowing Israel in this covenant fellowship. ...
The only history in Leviticus is that of Aaron's consecration, Nadab and Abihu's death, and the doom of the blasphemer (Leviticus 8-10; Leviticus 24:10-23), a solemn exhibition of Jehovah's laws in their execution. As Jehovah drew nigh Israel in the tabernacle, so Israel drew nigh Jehovah in the offering
Firstborn - As if (and which in reality is the case), Jehovah would have every thing shadow forth and bring forward somewhat either by allusion, or by direct type, concerning him who is the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, and sum and substance of all things, in the ordinance of God for salvation. So much will Jehovah in all things honour his dear Son, as the first, and first-born, and only begotten of his Father, that at the forming of the church there shall be a destruction in the first-born of those that hate him. Certain it is, that in all things, and by every way, it was and is Jehovah'S will, Jesus should have the pre-eminency. (Numbers 1:47; Num 3:12-13) And, wherefore, among the Levites this exemption, for it is evident our Lord sprang out of Judah? The whole of Israel is said to be unto Jehovah "a kingdom of priests. In a word, Jehovah'S great design all along, and from one eternity to another, is to glorify his dear Son
Passover - " David interceding is the type (Numbers 9:3-5); Jehovah is distiller from the destroying angel, and interposes between him and the people while David intercedes. Israel's deliverance front Egyptian bondage and adoption by Jehovah was sealed by the Passover, which was their consecration to Him. ...
The sacrifice (for Jehovah calls it "My sacrifice": Exodus 23:15-18; Exodus 34:25) came first; then, on the ground of that, the seven days' feast of unleavened bread to show they walked in the strength of the pure bread of a new life, in fellowship with Jehovah. The first and seventh days (the beginning and the end comprehending the whole) were sanctified by a holy convocation and suspension of work, worship of and rest in Jehovah, who had created Israel as His own people (Isaiah 43:1; Isaiah 43:15-17). Jehovah smote the firstborn of man and beast, and so "executed judgment against all the gods of Egypt" (Exodus 12:12; Numbers 33:3-4), for every nome and town had its sacred animal, bull, cow, goat, ram, cat, frog, beetle, etc. the lamb, as in Exodus 12:21, 'kill the Passover'), to Jehovah" (Hebrew Exodus 12:27). Israel's firstborn, thus exempted from destruction, became in a special sense Jehovah's; accordingly their consecration follows in Exodus 13. Hezekiah prayed for the unpurified partakers: "the good Jehovah pardon every one that prepareth his heart to seek God . "...
Hezekiah presumes that those out of Ephraim coming to the Passover were sincere in seeking Jehovah the God of their fathers, though they had been unable to purify themselves in time for the Passover
Magi - A miracle was there wrought in favour of three Hebrew confessors of the existence of one only God, and that under circumstances to put shame upon a popular idol in the presence of the king and "all the rulers of the provinces," that the issue of this controversy between Jehovah and idolatry might be made known throughout that vast empire. —Worship was refused to the idol by a few Hebrew captives, and the idol had no power to punish the public affront:— the servants of Jehovah were cast into a furnace, and he delivered them unhurt; and a royal decree declared "that there was no god who could deliver after this sort. This prophecy, so strangely fulfilled, would give mighty force to the doctrine connected with it, and which it proclaims with so much majesty:—...
"I am Jehovah, and none else, Forming LIGHT, and creating DARKNESS, ...
Making PEACE, and creating EVIL; ...
I Jehovah am the author of all these things. That the effect did not terminate in Cyrus, we know; for, from the book of Ezra, it appears that both Darius and Artaxerxes made decrees in favour of the Jews, in which Jehovah has the emphatic appellation repeatedly given to him, "the God of heaven," the very terms used by Cyrus himself. ...
I am Jehovah, and none else, Beside me there is no God; ...
I will gird thee, though thou hast not known me, ...
That they may know, from the rising of the sun, ...
And from the west, that there is NONE BESIDE ME. That the God of the Jews was Jehovah, the self-subsistent, the eternal God;...
2
Micah - (Hebrew: Mikhayahu, Who is like Jehovah?) ...
Sixth of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament; born Morasthi, near Eleutheropolis, c
Micheas - (Hebrew: Mikhayahu, Who is like Jehovah?) ...
Sixth of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament; born Morasthi, near Eleutheropolis, c
Benaiah - ("whom Jehovah builds up"
Regeneration - ...
In Matthew 19:28 the word is used, in the Lord's discourse, in the wider sense, of the "restoration of all things" ( Acts 3:21 , RV), when, as a result of the second advent of Christ, Jehovah "sets His King upon His holy hill of Zion" (Psalm 2:6 ), and Israel, now in apostasy, is restored to its destined status, in the recognition and under the benign sovereignty of its Messiah
Say, Utter, Affirm - ” The use of ne'ûm is rare at the beginning of a statement: “The Lord said unto my Lord [6], Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool” ( Bow - In Ezekiel 1:28 and Revelation 4:3 the rainbow round about the throne of Jehovah is the symbol of mercy to God's children amidst coming judgments on the wicked
Gideon - They again forgot Jehovah, and turned to the worship of Baalim, "neither shewed they kindness to the house of Jerubbaal" (Judges 8:35 )
Dagon - The cutting off of Dagon's head and hands before Jehovah's ark, and their lying on the threshold (from whence his devotees afterward did not dare to tread upon it), prefigure the ultimate cutting off of all idols in the great day of Jehovah (Isaiah 2:11-22)
Nehemiah - Nehemiah (nç'he-mî'ah), comforted of Jehovah
Trance - Also Ezekiel's sitting astonished seven days (Ezekiel 3:15), then the hand of Jehovah coming upon him (Ezekiel 3:22)
Ascension - Jehovah said unto Him, "Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool
Reed - " (Genesis 3:18) And little did they think that when they had crowned him with thorns, and put the reed in his right hand, Jehovah had that day set him for his king upon his holy hill of Zion
Christ, the Christ, - ' This term is employed as to the Lord Jesus in Psalm 2:2 : the rulers set themselves against Jehovah and His 'Anointed
Shemaiah - The Nehelamite, a false prophet, condemned by Jehovah through Jeremiah
Grecia, Greece - In Zechariah 9:13 Greece is mentioned as one of the nations to be subdued by Israel when Jehovah again fights for them
Isaiah - Isaiah (î-zâ'yah or î-zä'yah), salvation of Jehovah
Pergamos - The "white stone" is the glistering diamond, the Urim ("light") in the high priest's breast-plate; "none" but the high priest "knew the name" on it, probably Jehovah
Pottery - In Matthew and Zechariah alike, the Lord's representative, Israel's Shepherd, has a paltry price set upon Him by the people; the transaction is done deliberately by men connected with the house of Jehovah; the money is given to the potter, marking the perpetrators' baseness, guilt, and doom, and the hand of the Lord overrules it all, the Jewish rulers while following their own aims unconsciously fulfilling Jehovah's "appointment
Family (Jewish) - Hence the land of Israel could be called the bĕʽûlâh of Jehovah (Isaiah 62:4)
Fat - And Jehovah so strikingly saying, "all the fat is the Lord's," (Leviticus 3:16) sets forth that Christ is the Christ of God
Ahab - It was chiefly in his reign that Elijah the Tishbite laboured, and he testified for Jehovah against the apostasy and corruption of the king
Amen - "Its meanings may be seen in such passages as Deuteronomy 7:9 , 'the faithful (the Amen) God,' Isaiah 49:7 , 'Jehovah that is faithful
Daniel - reads "one" of the "three presidents" of the empire, Daniel 6:2, and was delivered from the lion's den, into which he had been cast for his faithfulness in the worship of Jehovah
Daniel, Book of - The wonders related are of a peculiar and striking character, and were designed to show the people of God that, amid their degeneracy, the Lord's hand was not shortened that it could not save; and also to exhibit to their enemies that there was an essential difference between Jehovah and idols, between the people of God and the world
Gid'Eon - , the refusal of the monarchy on theocratic grounds, and the irregular consecration of a jewelled ephod formed out of the rich spoils of Midian, which proved to the Israelites a temptation to idolatry although it was doubtless intended for use in the worship of Jehovah
Josh'ua - (saviour, or whose help is Jehovah )
jo'el - (to whom Jehovah is God )
Jehosh'Aphat - (whom Jehovah judges
Jehoash - Jehovah-given
Num'Bers, - 21 we have a passage cited from a book called the "Book of the Wars of Jehovah
Reuben - The Reubenites, with the others on the east of the Jordan, went after the gods of the heathen, and Jehovah cut them short by Hazael, of Syria
Isaiah - The most notable passages are two in which our Lord applies to Himself the terms used by the prophet of the Exile with regard to the Servant of Jehovah, viz. ...
With regard to the original Messianic import of the passages applied in the Gospels to Jesus Christ and His work, there is no difficulty in those cases where the ‘Servant of Jehovah’ is identified with the Messiah
Amalekites - "Because the hand of Amalek is against the throne of Jehovah, therefore Jehovah will have war with Amalek from generation to generation
Pillar - Jacob at Bethel, and Moses at the bush, had real views of Jehovah'S glory and fulness in Christ. " (John 1:18) And what then can be more plain and evident in proof that Christ is the visible Jehovah, and by whom alone all revelations are made? I need not add what endearing representations all those things made of his person and his love to his church, when taken into one mass of particulars, which we read of Christ under such a vast variety of manifestations which he hath made of himself. " (See Galatians 2:9) And very blessed it is to see, that while Christ is the foundation stone Jehovah hath laid in Zion, all his redeemed ones are built upon this foundation, and are lively stones and pillars in this spiritual house, "to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God, through Jesus Christ
Glory - It is frequently applied to God, as in 'the God of glory,' Psalm 29:3 ; to Jehovah as 'the King of glory,' Psalm 24:7-9 ; 'the glory of Jehovah' that appeared on Mount Sinai, and that filled the tabernacle, Exodus 24:16,17 ; Exodus 40:34,35 , and will fill the future temple, Ezekiel 43:2-5 ; also the glory pertaining to Israel, and to the Gentiles in the past and the future
Gold - As the Head of his body the well be compared to the most fine gold; for the Psalmist saith, in allusion to his royal dignity and power, Jehovah put "a crown of pure gold upon his head, When he made him most blessed for ever. (Revelation 21:20) What those precious stones implied cannot need inquiry, since elsewhere we are told, that Christ is the foundation-stone Jehovah hath laid in Zion; and the church, both in heaven and earth, rests wholly upon him, the chief corner stone, "in whom all the building fitly framed together, groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord
Damascus - 890 Hazael murdered Ben-hadad and became king of Syria; and we read that Jehovah began to cut Israel short and He used Hazael as His instrument. his son continued to exercise dominion over Israel, 2 Kings 13:3-7,22 ; but Jehovah had compassion on Israel, and Joash, according to the dying prophecy of Elisha, overcame the king of Syria three times and recovered the cities of Israel
Pen'Tateuch, the, - The book which was discovered the temple in the reign of Josiah, and which is entitled, (2 Chronicles 34:14 ) "a book of the law of Jehovah by the hand of Moses," was substantially, it would seem the same volume, though it may afterward have undergone some revision by Ezra. He had observed that throughout the book of Genesis, and as far as the 6th chapter of Exodus, traces were to be found of two original documents, each characterized by a distinct use of the names of God; the one by the name Elohim, and the other by the name Jehovah
Isaiah - The most notable passages are two in which our Lord applies to Himself the terms used by the prophet of the Exile with regard to the Servant of Jehovah, viz. ...
With regard to the original Messianic import of the passages applied in the Gospels to Jesus Christ and His work, there is no difficulty in those cases where the ‘Servant of Jehovah’ is identified with the Messiah
David - The spirit of Jehovah came upon him from that day. ...
David thought to build a house to Jehovah, for the ark was only within curtains; but God's message by Nathan was that God would build David a house: his kingdom should be established for ever. He did not lose confidence in God: Jehovah was his shield: he lay down and slept, and awaked, for Jehovah sustained him. The pestilence broke forth, and 70,000 men fell, and as the angel was about to smite Jerusalem, Jehovah stayed his hand; and David erected an altar on the spot, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings
Brother - " (Ephesians 3:14-15) And they are all brethren by the mother's side, for they have all lain together in the same womb of the divine counsels and purposes of Jehovah, and that from all eternity. —When the law enjoined tenderness, and the relief to the brother waxen poor, here we behold the law of Jehovah, and Jesus the law fulfiller blessedly obeying it among his brethren, "If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away some of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold. " (Leviticus 25:25-35)...
Who is the brother waxen poor, having fallen into decay, and sold away some of his possession, but our poor ruined nature; ruined by the fall, and by sin, having sold away our possession? And who is the brother to whom the precept is given, and by whom it hath been fulfilled, and is fulfilling, but the Lord Jesus Christ? Who but him could redeem our mortgaged inheritance? Who but him had a right so to do, as the nearest of all kin, and the most compassionate of all relations? And do observe in those gracious precepts how blessedly provision is made, in this almighty Brother's obedience to this precept, for all the relations of Jesus, both Jew and Gentile; "Yea, (saith the command of Jehovah,) though he be a stranger, or a sojourner, that he may live with thee. For, although, all the glorious persons of Jehovah took part in our redemption, yet to neither can we look up as brother but to the Lord Jesus Christ
Advent (2) - This blighter outlook for fallen humanity was confirmed by the assurance given to Abraham that in the line of his descendants the original promise was destined to be fulfilled (Genesis 12:2-3),—an assurance which was further strengthened when, under Moses, Israel was formed into a nation and entered at Sinai into covenant with Jehovah as His chosen people (Exodus 20-24). It was not, however, till David’s prosperous reign, with its recognition of ruling power held in the name of Jehovah, had passed, and when the idea of the theocratic kingship had been deeply implanted in the national consciousness, that the conception of the blessing to be looked for took definite shape. ...
The promise, as thus transformed, was that of a king, or line of kings, sprung from David’s house who, endowed with transcendent gifts, and acting by special authority as the Anointed of the Lord, should reign in righteousness, introduce an era of Divine salvation for Israel, and draw all other nations round them in loyalty to Jehovah’s law (Isaiah 2:2; Isaiah 11:5-9; Isaiah 27:1, Micah 4:1-4). In those prophecies of the Exile, Jehovah Himself is set forth as the true and ever-living King of Israel; and collective Israel, the nation regarded poetic ally as an individual, is conceived as the Anointed Servant of Jehovah, who, amid manifold afflictions, is to bear witness for Jehovah, and be the medium of accomplishing His saving purpose for mankind. Thus in the body of the people there was kept alive a sense of the holy character and mighty doings of Jehovah; and although, owing to the decayed influence of the priesthood, the Temple itself was not a centre of spiritual life, yet the hallowed memories it recalled in the breasts of the multitudes assembled at the religious festivals were calculated to inspire the higher emotions
Sign - Gideon asks for and receives a sign that it is Jehovah who speaks with him ( Judges 6:17 ), and Saul also receives signs to confirm the words of Samuel ( 1 Samuel 10:7 )
Hezekiah - Whom Jehovah has strengthened
Tongues, Confusion of - The project was defeated by the interposition of Jehovah, who determined to "confound their language, so that they might not understand one another's speech
Jeduthun - Asaph and his brethren ministered before the ark at Jerusalem, Jeduthun and Heman "before the tabernacle of Jehovah in the high place at Gibeon
Earrings - But the language in Deuteronomy and in Exodus 13:9; Exodus 13:16 is rightly taken by the Karaite Jews as proverbial, not literal; as is apparent from the reason added, "that the law of Jehovah may be in thy mouth"; for it is by receiving the law into the heart, and by keeping it, that it would be naturally on the tongue continually
Hoshea (2) - "He did evil in the sight of Jehovah, but not as the kings of Israel before him
Uzzah - Perez Uzzah (the breach on Uzzah) was eventually the name (contrast Jehovah's "breaking forth upon David's enemies as the breach of waters," Baal Perazim, 2 Samuel 5:20) Uzzah tried with his hand to prevent the ark's shaking, but, God smote him for the offense (fault: shal ). David's excitement changed into fear of Jehovah; not daring to bring the ark near him, since a touch proved so fatal, he removed it to the house of Obed Edom the Gathite
Cedar - Sennacherib had desired to "go up to the sides of Lebanon and cut down the tall cedars thereof" (2 Kings 19:23), but was baffled by the interposition of Jehovah
Calf, Golden - Aaron said, "This is thy god, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt" (as it should read); and "To-morrow is a feast to Jehovah
Idleness - The time which should be sacred to Jehovah is lost; and thus he enjoys no fellowship with God, nor any way devotes himself to his praise
Zidon, Sidon - Jehovah says of Zidon, in conjunction with Tyre, that they had taken His gold and silver and pleasant things, and carried them into their heathen temples, and had also sold the children of Judah unto the Grecians, to remove them far from their border. A warning message from Jeremiah was sent to the king of Zidon and neighbouring kings, exhorting them to submit to Nebuchadnezzar, who was Jehovah's servant
Abner - " ...
David further said that in Abner's death a prince and a great man hadfallen, and that Jehovah would avenge his death
Amalek, Amalekites - David dedicated their silver and gold unto Jehovah, 2 Samuel 8:12
Messenger - There would have required no notice of the office of a messenger, by way of explaining the nature of it, being perfectly well understood, and it not been that our Lord Jesus Christ, when becoming our Redeemer, condescended to submit to this office also; but as the Lord Jesus, in his unequalled humility, vouchsafed to be the servant and messenger of Jehovah, every motive of affection and duty demands our attention to behold Jesus in this most gracious character. So that Jesus appears most lovely and engaging as Jehovah'S covenant in the full, and as the Surety of it, the Messenger of it, the Fulfiller of it, and the Administrator of it, both in time and to all eternity. Hail, almighty Messenger of thine own and thy Father's will to mankind, "thou Messenger and Interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man Jehovah'S uprightness! Be thou all my salvation, and all my desire; for thou hast made and finished thine everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and sure
Sod'om - " The whole circle was one great oasis --"a garden of Jehovah. as a shower of brimstone and fire from Jehovah
Lily - And as the flower of the field is not of man's planting, neither cultivating, so this plant of renown is wholly raised up by the Lord Jehovah himself. Is Jesus Jehovah our righteousness? then shall his spouse the church be called by the same name
Levi - "...
Surely with an eye to Christ (though our Lord sprang out of Judah, and not Levi, Hebrews 7:14) did Moses here, by the spirit of prophecy, declare, that the Urim and the Thummim, that is, lights and perfections, should be with Jehovah'S Holy One. See another instance, (Exodus 32:25-28) The other instance at Meribah, sets forth the frailty both of Moses and Aaron: (see Numbers 20:1-13) But by taking into one view both instances at Meribah, we are certainly constrained to look farther than to the Aarons, or to all the sons of Levi, under the Old Testament dispensation, for the accomplishment of Moses's dying prediction that the Urim and Thummim of Jehovah might be with the Lord's Holy One; and to none can we make the smallest application, but to the Almighty Aaron of "a better covenant, established upon better promises. " Levi and his sons were all types of our Lord Jesus, Jehovah'S Holy One. Here, reader, is brought the pure incense, and that whole burnt sacrifice, Christ Jesus upon Jehovah'S altar; even Christ himself, who is both the New Testament altar of Jehovah, the high priest, and the sacrifice
Ark of God - This is also called 'ARK OF THE COVENANT,' 'ARK OF THE TESTIMONY,' 'ARK OF Jehovah. The ark was typical of Christ, in that it figured the manifestation of divine righteousness (gold) in man; the mercy-seat was Jehovah's throne, the place of His dwelling on earth. In Eli's days when Israel was defeated they fetched the ark from Shiloh that it might save them, but they were again defeated, and the ark, in which they had placed their confidence instead of in Jehovah, was seized by the Philistines
Jubilee - It tended to foster family feeling, and to promote the preservation of genealogies, and to remind all that Jehovah was the supreme Landlord under whom their tenure was held and the Lord of the Israelites, who therefore could not become lasting servants of anyone else. If a man sanctified his land to Jehovah it could be redeemed before the Jubilee on paying the worth of the crops and a fifth
Son of God - So Proverbs 8:22 (Hebrew), "Jehovah begat (qananiy related to Greek gennaoo ) Me in the beginning of His way (rather omit "in"; the Son Himself was "the Beginning of His way", "the Beginning of the creation of God", Revelation 3:14) from everlasting . To Jesus' question, "what think ye of Christ, whose Son is He?" the Pharisees answered not the Son of God, but "the Son of David," and could not solve the difficulty," how then doth David in the Spirit call Him Lord?" in Psalm 110, "Jehovah said unto my Lord" ('Αdonay ), etc. Jesus quotes it "Lord," not "my Lord," because Jehovah addresses Him as Israel's and the church's Lord, not merely David's
Lord, Lordship - Jehovah ('Lord' in Eng. Thus Psalm 34:8 , 'O taste and see that Jehovah is good,' is applied to the Lord Jesus, 1 Peter 2:3 , and 'Jehovah of Hosts, Him shall ye sanctify,' Isaiah 8:13 , becomes 'sanctify in your hearts Christ as Lord,' 1 Peter 3:15
Psalms, the Book of - Hymns in praise of Jehovah; tehillim in the proper sense. These are directed to Jehovah as the God of all nature and the Creator of the universe, Psalm 8:1-9 104:1-35 ; as the protector and patron of Israel, Psalm 20:1-9 29:1-11 33:1-22 , or of individuals, with thanksgiving for deliverance from evils, Psalm 18:1-50 30:1-12 46:1-47:9 ; or they refer to the more special attributes of Jehovah, Psalm 90:1-17 139:1-24
Priest - ...
Numbers 16:5, "Jehovah's . The Aaronic priesthood became the temporary depository of all Israel's priesthood, until Christ the antitypical High Priest came; and they shall hereafter resume it when they turn to the Lord and shall be "the priests of Jehovah, the ministers of our God" to the Gentile nations in Christ's millennial kingdom (Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 66:21). The priest drew near when others stood far off; the priest representing the people before Jehovah, and preparing the way by propitiatory sacrifices for their approach to God, which transgressions debarred them from; "keeping charge of the sanctuary for the charge of Israel" (Numbers 3:38). The head of the tribe, or the firstborn as dedicated to Jehovah (Exodus 13:2; Numbers 3:12-13), had heretofore conducted worship and sacrifice. Moses, as Israel's divinely constituted leader, appointed "young men of the children of Israel to offer burnt offerings and sacrifice peace offerings of oxen unto Jehovah" (Exodus 24:5-6; Exodus 24:8), and sprinkled the consecrating blood himself on the people. ...
When the tabernacle was completed, and Aaron and his sons were made priests, Moses by Jehovah's command performed the priestly functions of setting the shewbread, lighting the lamps, burning incense, and offering the daily sacrifice (Exodus 40:23-29; Exodus 40:31-32). The priests' duty was to keep the altar fire ever burning (Leviticus 6:12-13), symbolizing Jehovah's never ceasing worship; not like the idol Vesta's sacred fire, but connected with sacrifices. The priest as "messenger of Jehovah of hosts" taught Israel the law, and his "lips" were to "keep knowledge" (Malachi 2:7; Leviticus 10:10-11; Deuteronomy 24:8; Deuteronomy 33:10; Jeremiah 18:18; Haggai 2:11; 2 Chronicles 15:3; 2 Chronicles 17:7-9; Ezekiel 44:23-24). ...
(4) Redemption money for men or things dedicated to Jehovah (Leviticus 27). moral from Shiloh, Samuel a Levite, trained as a Nazarite and called as a prophet, was privileged to "come near" Jehovah
Covenant - In two passages (Isaiah 42:6; Isaiah 49:8) the servant of Jehovah is designated as בּרִית עָם, a somewhat obscure phrase, of which the two most plausible interpretations are, either that the servant will be the instrument of realizing the future covenant between God and Israel, or, placing the emphasis on עָם, that he will be the means of establishing a people e, a e in which Israel, in contrast to its present scattered condition, will once more become a unified, organized nation. These two passages are of importance, because they bring the idea of the covenant into connexion with the “figure of the Servant of Jehovah, which, assuming that the latter was Messianically interpreted by our Lord and applied to Himself, would explain that He represents Himself as the inaugurator of a new covenant. Hosea has it in the form of the new marriage which Jehovah will contract with Israel. the former sin, and that the law of Jehovah, instead of being an outward, objective covenant obligation, will become an inward, subjective covenant reality, written on the heart in consequence of the universal and perfect knowledge of Jehovah which will prevail. In the former passage the original reads: ‘Because of the blood of thy covenant, I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water’; the LXX Septuagint has, in the second person of address to Jehovah, ‘Because of the blood of thy covenant, thou hast sent forth,’ etc. On the former rendering the covenant is the covenant made with Israel, or, since this interpretation of the suffix ‘thy’ is deemed impossible by some, we may refer the suffix to the compound phrase ‘covenant blood,’ and understand the phrase ‘thy covenant blood’ of the sacrificial blood by means of which Israel continually upholds and renews the covenant with Jehovah. On the rendering of the LXX Septuagint the covenant is represented as the covenant made and maintained by Jehovah
Temple - The site was the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite, whereon David by Jehovah's command erected an altar and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings (2 Samuel 24:18-25; 1 Chronicles 21:18-30; 1 Chronicles 22:1); Jehovah's signifying by fire His acceptance of the sacrifice David regarded as the divine designation of the area for the temple. "Solomon began to build the house of Jehovah at Jerusalem in Mount Moriah (Hebrew in the mount of the vision of Jehovah) where He appeared unto David in the place that David had prepared in the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. ; the significance of the two pillars was eternal stability and the strength of Jehovah in Israel as representing the kingdom of God on earth, of which the temple was the visible pledge, Jehovah dwelling there in the midst of His people. near the altar (Ezekiel 8:5), the higher gate of the house of Jehovah, built by Jotham (2 Kings 15:35), the gate of the foundation (2 Chronicles 23:5), Solomon's ascent up to the house of Jehovah (1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:11; 2 Kings 16:18). The stranger was not only permitted but encouraged to pray toward the temple at Jerusalem; and doubtless the thousands (153,600) of strangers, remnants of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, and Jebusites, whom Solomon employed in building the temple, were proselytes to Jehovah (2 Chronicles 2:17; 1 Chronicles 22:2). The spiritual lesson is, the church of God, the temple of the Holy Spirit, hereafter to be manifested on earth, shall be on a scale far surpassing its present dimensions; then first shall Jehovah be worshipped by the whole congregation of the earth, led by Israel the leader of the grand choir. No ark is in it, for Jehovah the ark's Antitype shall supersede it (Jeremiah 3:16-17; Malachi 3:1)
God (2) - ) which begins with the words, ‘Jehovah our God is one Jehovah’ (Mark 12:29); and the author of the Fourth Gospel represents Jesus as addressing these words of prayer to the Father—‘This is life eternal, that they should know thee, the only true God’ (τὸν μόνον ἁληθινὸν θεόν, John 17:3). His word is an echo of such a passage as Isaiah 61:1 ‘The Spirit of the Lord Jehovah is upon me,’ and is in part a fulfilment of the promise in Joel (Joel 2:28) that the Spirit shall be poured out upon all flesh. It is like the language of Micah when he said, ‘I am full of power by the Spirit of Jehovah’ (Micah 3:8). This manifestation of God within them is called the Spirit of God in accordance with OT usage, which ascribes a spirit to Jehovah, in and through which He reveals Himself to the spirit of man (e
Numbers, Book of - ; as to restitution in all cases of trespass; and as to the trial of jealousy (Israel in result became unfaithful in her relations with Jehovah). This peculiar separation to Jehovah is followed by instructions to Aaron and his sons as to the manner of blessing the people, the words they were to use being given, closing with "They shall put my name upon the children of Israel; and I will bless them. (The light of the glory of Jehovah was in Israel; Isaiah 60:1 shows that it will be made good in the kingdom. They were to proceed only when the cloud moved, thus they were to be guided by Jehovah. At the intercession of Moses, God graciously said that He would pardon the people, but that all the earth should be filled with the glory of Jehovah
Joel - (Hebrew: Jehovah is God) ...
Second in the list of the twelve Minor Prophets
Leviticus - ...
An historical section (8-10), giving an account of the consecration of Aaron and his sons (8); Aaron's first offering for himself and the people (9); Nadab and Abihu's presumption in offering "strange fire before Jehovah," and their punishment (10)
Artaxerxes - Like Cyrus and Darius he identified Jehovah with his own supreme god, Ormuzd (Ezra 7:12; Ezra 7:21-23), supported the Jewish worship by offerings and grants from the state and provincial treasuries, and threatened death, banishment, imprisonment, or confiscation against opponents
Boar - Eating it was the token of apostasy under Antiochus Epiphanes' persecution, and is mentioned among Judah's provocations of Jehovah (Isaiah 65:4; Isaiah 66:17). Its destroying a vineyard partly by eating the grapes, partly by trampling the vines under foot, is the image of the pagan world power's ravaging of Israel, Jehovah's choice vine, transplanted from Egypt into the Holy Land
God - Jehovah, which denotes his self- existence, absolute independence, unsuccessive eternity, and his effectual and marvellous giving of being to his creatures, and fulfilling his promises
Uri'ah - (light of Jehovah )
Eldad - The 70 elders appointed by Jethro's advice at Sinai (Exodus 18) to help Moses in judging are distinct from the 70 here endowed with the Spirit to help hint as his executive court, to govern the rebellious people, and establish his authority, shaken by the people's murmurings against Jehovah and himself because of the want of flesh
Gath - It was' represented by one of the five golden emerods and five golden inlet sent to propitiate Jehovah (1 Samuel 5:9; 1 Samuel 6:4-5; 1 Samuel 6:10-18)
Shiloh - (Genesis 49:10) And I beg yet farther to observe that it merits our attention the more, because it is the third blessed promise Jehovah gave, in his holy word, in the covenant of grace concerning redemption
Abomination of Desolation - " Abomination refers especially to such idolatry only as is perpetrated by apostates from Jehovah (2 Kings 21:2-7; 2 Kings 23:13)
Fish - The slaying of their fish was a heavy blow from Jehovah on the Egyptians, whose river, canals, and lakes so abounded in fish, and who lived so much on it (Exodus 7:18-21; Psalms 105:29; Numbers 11:5; Isaiah 19:8)
Jesus - "Joshua," meaning "Jehovah is salvation," i
Lamp - When the ten tribes were taken from Rehoboam, and given to his rival, Jehovah promised to reserve one tribe, and assigns this reason: "That David my servant may have a light always before me in Jerusalem," 1 Kings 11:36
Bee - In this manner Jehovah threatens to rouse the enemies of Judah, and lead them to the prey
Offering - The unbloody offerings signified, in general, not so much expiation, which was the peculiar meaning of the sacrifices, as the consecration of the offerer, and all that he had to Jehovah
Solomon - ...
He accomplished David's purpose by erecting a temple for Jehovah with the utmost magnificence
Jon'Athan, - that is, "the gift of Jehovah, " the eldest son of King Saul
Ebal - Here first in Canaan Abraham rested, and built an altar to Jehovah who appeared unto him (Genesis 12:6-7). It symbolized their setting up of Jehovah's law as the permanent law of Israel in their land of inheritance; and it was the pledge, in the event of their continued obedience, that Jehovah would conquer all their foes and establish them in security
Amos - The golden calves, the forbidden representation of Jehovah, not Baal, were the object of worship in Jeroboam's reign, as being the great grandson of Jehu, who had purged out Baal worship, but retained the calves. ...
Calf worship prevailed also at Dan, Gilgal, and Beersheba, in Judah (Amos 4:4; Amos 5:5; Amos 8:14), blended with Jehovah's worship (Amos 5:14; Amos 5:21-26); 2 Kings 17:32-33, compare Ezekiel 20:39. His use of the names Αdonai (Lord) and God of hosts marks that Jehovah, Israel's covenant God, is universal Lord
Passover (i.) - ...
A cup of red wine, mixed with water, was poured out for each guest, not by the host but by a servant, for all things were on this night to be done with distinction; and over it the following blessing was spoken:...
‘Blessed art Thou, Jehovah our God, who hast created the fruit of the vine. Blessed art Thou, Jehovah our God, King of the Universe, who hast chosen us from among all people, and exalted us from among all languages, sanctified us with Thy commandments. And Thou hast given us, O Jehovah our God, in love the solemn days for joy, and the festival and appointed seasons for gladness; and this feast of unleavened bread, the season of our freedom, a holy convocation, the memorial of our departure from Egypt. Blessed art Thou, O Jehovah, who sanctifiest Israel and the appointed seasons. Blessed art Thou, Jehovah, King of the Universe, who hast preserved us alive, and sustained and brought us to this season. In acknowledgment of the great redemption, the first part of the Hallel (Psalms 113, 114) was sung, and a benediction added: ‘Blessed art Thou, Jehovah our God, King of the Universe, who hast redeemed us and redeemed our fathers from Egypt
Kings, the Books of - ...
The book is not a mere chronicle of kings' deeds and fortunes, but of their reigns in their spiritual relation to Jehovah the true, though invisible, King of the theocracy; hence it is ranked in the canon among "the prophets. ...
Thenceforth, David's seed having been established in Judah in conformity with God's promise (2 Samuel 7), the prophets' agency in Judah was restricted to critical times and special cases requiring the expression of Jehovah's will in the way of either reproof of declension or encouragement of faithfulness. But in Israel their agency was more continuous and prominent, because of the absence of Jehovah's ordinary ministers the priests and Levites, and because of the state idolatry of the calves, to which Ahab added Baal worship. Jehovah appeared to Solomon at Gibeon shortly after his accession, again after his dedication of the temple, finally by a prophet, probably Ahijah, after his declension (1 Kings 3:5, etc. Elijah "the prophet as fire, whose words burned as a torch" (Sirach 48:1), as champion of Jehovah, defeated Baal's and Asherah's prophets at Carmel; and averted utter apostasy front northern Israel by banding God's prophets in schools where Jehovah's worship was maintained, and a substitute supplied for the legal temple worship enjoyed by the godly in Judah. This book records its fulfillment, Jehovah prospering the pious kings of David's seed, chastising the backsliders, then casting away yet not for ever. ...
Notwithstanding Adonijah's attempt, Solomon is at the outset recorded as receiving David's kingdom as Jehovah had promised; he receives at Gibeon the renewal of the promise, on condition of faithfulness, and in answer to his prayer receives wisdom, and also riches and honour which he had not asked for; then after rearing the temple receives God's confirmation of the promise conditionally, "if there wilt walk before Me as David I will establish thy kingdom forever; but if ye (thou and thy people) shall at all turn from following Me . In both alike Jehovah appears as the gracious, long suffering God, yet the just punisher of the reprobate at last, but still for His covenant sake sparing and preserving a remnant, notwithstanding the idolatry of several even of Judah's kings (1 Kings 15:4; 2 Kings 8:19; 2 Kings 11:1-2). Jehovah promised, on condition of faithfulness, to Jeroboam too a sure house and the throne of Israel, but not for ever, only so long as the separate kingdom should last; for He added, "I will for this afflict the seed of David but not for ever" (1 Kings 11:38-39)
Jehoiachin - ("appointed by Jehovah, or he whom Jehovah establishes or fortifies" (Keil). Jerusalem was an easy prey to Nebuchadnezzar at this time, Judah having been wasted for three or four years by Chaldaean, Ammonite, and Moabite bands, sent by Nebuchadnezzar (as Jehovah's executioner of judgment) in consequence of Jehoiakim's rebellion. ...
Nebuchadnezzar also carried off the treasures of Jeconiah's house (2 Kings 24:13), "as Jehovah had spoken" to Hezekiah long before (2 Kings 20:17; Jeremiah 15:13; Jeremiah 17:3; Jeremiah 29:2)
Holy Spirit, the - He "came upon" Saul (1 Samuel 10:10) and "upon David," and then "the Spirit of Jehovah departed from Saul" (1 Samuel 16:13-14). Israel "vexed God's Holy Spirit," though He had "put His Holy Spirit within" Moses, Israel's leader, and "the Spirit of Jehovah" had "caused Israel to rest" in the promised land after his wilderness wanderings (Isaiah 63:11-12; Isaiah 63:14). "The Spirit of Jehovah spoke by David" (2 Samuel 23:2), and "God testified against Israel by His Spirit in His prophets," and "gave His good Spirit to instruct them" (Nehemiah 9:30; Nehemiah 9:20)
Samaria - The lions sent by Jehovah (who still claims the land as His own and His people's: Jeremiah 31:20; Leviticus 26:42), in consequence of the colonists worshipping their five deities respectively, constrained them through fear to learn from an imported Israelite priest how to "fear Jehovah. " But it was fear, not love; it was a vain combination of incompatible worships, that of Jehovah and of idols (Zephaniah 1:5; Ezekiel 20:39; 1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 6:24)
Altar - Mostly for sacrificing; sometimes only as a memorial, as that named by Moses Jehovah Nissi, the pledge that Jehovah would war against Amalek to all generations (Exodus 17:15-16), and that built by Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh, "not for burnt offering, nor sacrifice, but as a witness" (Joshua 22:26-27). The culmination's of the altar, being hornlike, imply the mighty salvation and security which Jehovah engages to the believing worshippers approaching Him in His own appointed way. To grasp the altar horns in faith was to lay hold of Jehovah's strength. Every true Israelite, wherever he might be, realized his share in the common daily sacrifices at the one altar in Zion, whence Jehovah ruled to the ends of the earth. A perpetual fire kept on it symbolized the perpetuity of Jehovah's religion; for, sacrifice being the center of the Old Testament worship, to extinguish it would have been to extinguish the religion
Tobiah - TOBIAH or TOBIJAH ("goodness of Jehovah"
u'Rim And Thum'Mim - They are mentioned as things-already familiar both to Moses and the people, connected naturally with the functions of the high priest as mediating between Jehovah and his people
Manasseh - The earlier part of his reign was distinguished for acts of impiety and cruelty, 2 Kings 21:1-26, and he succeeded in drawing his subjects away from the Lord to such an extent that the only kind of worship which was not allowed in Judah was that of Jehovah
Leading - The OT metaphor of Jehovah as a Shepherd leading His people like a flock (Psalms 23:1; Psalms 80:1) is repeated in the parables representing Christ as a Shepherd whose sheep recognize and obey Him (John 10:3-4; John 10:27)
Gibeonites - Ordinarily bodies were taken down for burial before night (Deuteronomy 21:22-23); but in this case guilt rested on the whole land, and therefore the expiatory sacrifice was to remain exposed to birds of prey (the greatest ignominy, 1 Samuel 17:44) before Jehovah, until the cessation of the drought showed that His wrath was appeased
Joshua - Joshua (jŏsh'u-ah), Saviour, or whose help is Jehovah
Feasts - The feasts of Jehovah, as instituted under the lawas given by Moses, partake more of the character of commemorations, or assemblies of the congregation to celebrate special dealings of the Lord, and consequently special seasons in the history of His people, being called 'holy convocations
Firstfruits - The first-fruits of the oil, wine, and wheat were to be offered to Jehovah, for the benefit of the priests as His representatives (Numbers 18:11-13)
Stranger - Though tolerated they must not violate the fundamental laws by blaspheming Jehovah, breaking the sabbath by work, eating leavened bread at the Passover, infringing the marriage laws, worshipping Moloch, or eating blood (Leviticus 24:16; Leviticus 18:26; Leviticus 20:2; Leviticus 17:10; Leviticus 17:15; Exodus 20:10; Exodus 12:19)
Seraphim - Their antiphonal anthem on the triune God's holiness suggests the keynote of Isaiah's prophecies, "Holy, holy, holy is Jehovah of hosts; the fullness of the whole earth (is) His glory" (Psalms 24:1; Psalms 72:19)
Idolatry - Under the reign of Ahab, idolatry reached its greatest height; and the impious Jezebel endeavored to destroy the worship of Jehovah
Great - Jehovah
Abijah - , "possessor or worshipper") of Jehovah
Ear - But how delightful is it to make interpretation, of what the Jewish servant said respecting the house of his servitude, in allusion to the Lord Jesus in the house of his! who, as the servant of Jehovah (for such he fully became, when he became our Surety), might be said thus to express himself, I love my master, I love my wife, my children; I will not go out free
House - "Lo! I come, said Jehovah, and I will dwell in the midst of thee;" (Zechariah 2:11) and this scriptural sense of the word may serve to shew why it was the patriarchs, and holy men of old, were so anxious concerning their households and brailles
Aaron - Aaron was noted for his eloquence, and was appointed by Jehovah to speak for Moses in the court of Pharaoh
Pity - One of the ways in which this Divine feeling became active on their behalf reveals an incipient belief in the dealings of Jehovah with nations other than Israel; for He is often represented as infusing compassion for His chosen into the hearts of their enemies (cf
Prophecy - ...
The Scripture prophecies are a scheme of vast extent, the very earliest predictions reaching down to the end of the world's history a scheme gradually and harmoniously developed from age to age, and by many different persons, some of them not fully apprehending, and "searching diligently what the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify," 1 Peter 1:11 , the whole manifestly the work of Jehovah, and marvelous in our eyes
Reu'Ben - Being remote from the seat of the national government and of the national religion, it is not to be wondered at that the Reubenites relinquished the faith of Jehovah
Judah, the Kingdom of - 606 and ended in 536 when under Cyrus the Jews returned to build the house of Jehovah; but it was not finished and dedicated until B
Manasseh - A systematic and persistent attempt was made, and all too successfully, to banish the worship of Jehovah out of the land. He abandoned his idolatrous ways, and enjoined the people to worship Jehovah; but there was no thorough reformation
Rahab (1) - God made the truth bring the conviction to her mind that Israel would conquer Canaan, and that "Jehovah Israel's God is God in heaven above and in earth beneath. She renounced the pollution of her country's gods, with which her own harlotry may have been connected, to join Jehovah and His people
Prophecy - Moses, the man of God, of whom we are told, "there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom Jehovah knew face to face," (Deuteronomy 34:10) yet of this great man the Holy Ghost tells the church by Paul, though "he was faithful in all the Lord's house as a servant"—yet of Christ he bears witness that he was "as a Son over his own house. The difference, it should seem, between the prophet and the seer lay in this, the prophets were inspired persons, to predict to the church the will of Jehovah either by word of mouth, or writing; the seer committed to writing the records of the church
Rock - But it would have been unnecessary in a work of this kind to have noticed the word had it not been for the special application of the term, in a figurative way and manner, to the person of the Lord Jesus Christ as the visible Jehovah He is, if I mistake not, the glorious person all along spoken of in the Old Testament Scripture, and explained most clearly in the New "as the rock whose work is perfect? Beautifully to this purpose doth Moses, the man of God, speak of him under this figure,"He is the rock, (saith Moses) his work is perfect; for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth, and without iniquity, just and right is he? And speaking of the defects of Israel, and his departure from the Lord, he saith, "he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the rock of his salvation. Hence the several manifestations of Jehovah in both Testaments of Scripture are all to this effect
Balaam - The reason why Balaam calls Jehovah, "my God" may be, because he was of the posterity of Shem, who maintained the worship of Jehovah, not only in his own person, but among his descendants, so that while the posterity of Ham fell into idolatry, and the posterity of Japhet were settled at a distance in Europe, the Shemites generally, though not universally, retained the worship of God
Trinity - Maurice, "our eye through the remote region of antiquity, we shall find this very doctrine, which the primitive Christians are said to have borrowed from the Platonic school, universally and immemorially flourishing in all those countries where history and tradition have united to fix those virtuous ancestors of the human race, who, for their distinguished attainments in piety, were admitted to a familiar intercourse with Jehovah and the angels, the divine heralds of his commands. " To these passages, if we add that remarkable one from Ecclesiastes, "Remember thy Creators in the days of thy youth," and the predominant use of the terms, Jehovah Elohim, or, the "Lord thy Gods," which occur a hundred times in the law, (the word Jehovah implying the unity of the essence, and Elohim a plurality in that unity,) we must allow that nothing can be more plainly marked than this doctrine in the ancient Scriptures. ...
Though the August name of Jehovah in a more peculiar manner belongs to God the Father, yet is that name, in various parts of Scripture, applied to each person in the holy Trinity. " As the name Jehovah, however, in some instances applied to the Son and the Holy Spirit, was the proper name of God the Father, so is Logos in as peculiar a manner the appropriated name of God the Son. The Chaldee Paraphrasts translate the original Hebrew text by Mimra da Jehovah, literally, "the word of Jehovah," a term totally different, as Bishop Kidder has incontestably proved, in its signification, and in its general application among the Jews, from the Hebrew dabar, which simply means a discourse or decree, and is properly rendered by pithgam. He is sometimes, however, in the rabbinical books, denominated by Shechinah, or glory of Jehovah; in some places he is called Sephirah, or Wisdom; and in others the Binah, or Understanding. From the name of the Lord God being used in so emphatical a manner, it evidently appears to be addressed to those sacred persons to whom it was before said, "Let us make man;" for would indeed the omnipotent Jehovah, presiding in a less dignified council, use words that have such an evident tendency to place the Deity on a level with created beings?...
The first passage to be adduced from the New Testament in proof of this important doctrine of the Trinity, is, the charge and commission which our Saviour gave to his apostles, to "go and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,"...
Matthew 28:19
Moses - "Jehovah's slave" (Exodus 32:27-284; Exodus 32:31-32; Joshua 1:2; Psalms 105:26; Hebrews 3:5). "Jehovah's chosen" (Psalms 106:23). ...
Son of Amram (a later one than Kohath's father) and Jochebed (whose name, derived from Jehovah, shows the family hereditary devotion); Miriam, married to Hur, was oldest; Aaron, married to Elisheba, three years older (Exodus 7:7, compare Exodus 2:7); next Moses, youngest. He still needed 40 more years of discipline, in meek self-control and humble dependence on Jehovah, in order to qualify him for his appointed work. ) His recording his own praises (Numbers 12:3-7) is as much the part of the faithful servant of Jehovah, writing under His inspiration, as his recording his own demerits (Exodus 2:12; Exodus 3:11; Exodus 4:10-14; Numbers 20:10-12). The traditional site of his call by the divine "Angel of Jehovah" (the uncreated Shekinah , "the Word" of John 1, "the form like the Son of God" with Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego in the furnace, Daniel 3:25) is in the valley of Shoayb or Hobab, on the northern side of jebel Musa. Jehovah gave Moses two signs as credentials to assure him of his mission: the transformation of his long "rod" of authority (as on Egyptian monuments) or pastoral rod into a "serpent," the basilisk or cobra, the symbol of royal and divine power on the Pharaoh's diadem; a pledge of victory over the king and gods of Egypt (compare Mark 16:18; Moses' humble but wonder working crook typifies Christ's despised but allpowerful cross). To Moses' disinterested and humble pleadings of inability to speak, and desire that some other should be sent, Jehovah answers: "Aaron shall be thy spokesman . " Aaron, when he heard of Moses leaving Midian, of his own accord went to meet him; Jehovah further directed him what way to go in order to meet him, namely, by the desert (Exodus 4:14; Exodus 4:27). Moses was the only prophet to whom Jehovah spoke "face to face," "as a man speaketh unto his friend" (Exodus 33:11; Numbers 12:8; Deuteronomy 34:10): so at Horeb (Exodus 33:18-23); compare as to Christ John 1:18
Faith - , however, lends to it a pregnant emphasis, suggesting, besides the temper of steadfastness , its manifestation in steadfast adherence to Jehovah’s word; under the circumstances, passive fidelity becomes active faith ‘the righteous’ Israel ‘shall live’ not by way of reward for his loyalty, but by virtue of holding fast to Jehovah’s living word (cf. ) refer to faith or unbelief in the mission of Moses and Jehovah’s redemptive acts at the foundation of the national Covenant. The former sentence is an untranslatable epigram ‘If you will not hold fast, you shall have no holdfast!’, ‘No fealty, no safety!’; the latter leads us into the heart of OT faith, the collective trust of Israel in Jehovah as her Rock of foundation and salvation, which, as Isaiah declared (in Isaiah 8:12-15 ), must serve also for ‘a stone of stumbling and rock of offence’ to the unfaithful. In Habakkuk 1:5 (cited Acts 13:41 ) Israel’s unbelief in threatened judgment, in Isaiah 53:1 ( John 12:38 , Romans 10:16 ) her unbelief in the promised salvation, coming through Jehovah’s humiliated Servant, are charged upon her as a fatal blindness. Paul founded his doctrine of justification by faith (see Romans 4:9 ; Romans 4:22 , Galatians 3:6 ; also James 2:23 ); ‘and Abraham believed Jehovah, and he counted it to him for righteousness’ (JE Fellowship (2) - The Messianic blessedness which those prophets foresaw consisted of an intimate fellowship which, in the coming days, the redeemed company of Israel would enjoy with Jehovah (Isaiah 49:6-13, Jeremiah 31:31 ff. That storehouse of religious devotion is filled with prayers of communion with Jehovah, the supremely moral Person, righteous, faithful, holy, yet full of loving-kindness, who satisfies the needs of man by bringing him into fellowship with Himself (Psalms 16, 34, 40, 63). A rich spiritual legacy was transmitted from the OT in the words Israel, ecclesia, Kingdom of God; and though the Jewish heirs were unable to appreciate their inheritance, these two truths of the prophets and psalmists could never have quite perished—that there is an eternal commonwealth of saints, and that this fellowship of Israel is based upon fellowship with Jehovah. The connexion of the Supper with the Paschal meal, which may here be assumed as having existed, either by anticipation or directly, would suggest to the minds of the participants that in this New Covenant they were entering into fellowship with Jehovah, and that they were also binding themselves together as brothers in a new covenant with God (Mark 14:22-25). He brings His followers into true fellowship with Jehovah by revealing Him and pardoning their sins. Common prayers, songs, and thanksgivings rose to Jehovah from these family groups (Acts 2:42; Acts 4:23-32)
Salvation - Of the former, the Niphal and Hiphil are found in the verb; of noun forms יַשַׁע; or יָשַׁע, יֽשׁוּעָה, תְּשׁוּעָה, מוֹשָׁעוֹת and some proper names, of which the most important is יְהוֹשׁוּעַ ‘Jehovah is salvation. ) The religious importance of the conception in the OT springs not so much from the nature of the evil removed, or from the nature of the blessedness bestowed, as rather from the fact that salvation, of whatever nature, is a work of Jehovah for His people, a Divine prerogative; hence the frequently recurring statements that salvation belongs to Jehovah, is of Jehovah, that Jehovah is salvation, the Saviour of Israel (1 Samuel 14:39, 2 Samuel 22:3, 2 Chronicles 20:17, Isaiah 12:2-3; Isaiah 33:22, Psalms 3:8; Psalms 62:2; Psalms 118:14; Psalms 118:21)
Aaron - ...
The first mention of Aaron is in Exodus 4:14; where, in answer to Moses' objection that he did not have the eloquence needed for such a mission as that to Pharaoh, Jehovah answers: "Is not Aaron, the Levite, thy brother? I know that he can speak well: and thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth; and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do; and he shall be thy spokesman unto the people; and he shall be instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God. Whereas Moses ascended Sinai, and there received the tables of the law direct from God, as the mediator (Galatians 3:19), Aaron has only the privilege of a more distant approach with Nadab and Abihu and the seventy elders, near enough indeed to see Jehovah's glory, but not to have access to His immediate presence. Left alone to guide the people, he betrayed his instability of character in his weak and guilty concession to the people's demand for visible gods to go before them in the absence of Moses, their recognized leader under Jehovah; and instead of the pillar of cloud and fire wherein the Lord heretofore had gone before them (Exodus 13:21; Exodus 32). " This form was probably designed as a compromise to combine the seemingly common elements of the worship of Jehovah associated with the calf-formed cherubim , and of the Egyptian idol-ox, Μnevis or Αpis . Aaron's words, "These are thy gods elohim (a title of the true God), O Israel, which brought thee up out of Egypt," as also his proclamation, "Tomorrow is a feast to Jehovah," show that he did not mean an open apostasy from the Lord, but rather a concession to the people's sensuous tastes, in order to avert a total alienation from Jehovah. Aaron, with characteristic impressibleness, repented of his sin almost immediately after he had been seduced into it, upon Jehovah's sudden address to Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, declaring His admission of Moses to speak with Him "mouth to mouth, apparently," so that he should "behold the similitude of the Lord," a favor far above all "visions" vouchsafed to prophets
Christ - One of the adorable names of the Lord Jesus, and signifying the Anointed of Jehovah. And hence, in the union of both, there is an everlasting efficacy and glory in Christ's once offering of himself; once offered, not only to take away the sins of the whole world, but to bring in a redundancy of glory to Jehovah, which will continue for ever and ever. " And who was it that the apostle saith, in this same chapter, was anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows? Whom are the angels commanded to worship, when Jehovah brings in this first begotten into the world? Not surely, the Son of God as God only, neither the Son of man as man only; for of either, separately, these things could never be spoken. ...
Jehovah, Jeremiah 23:6. ...
The Diadem in Jehovah'S hand, Isaiah 62:3. ...
The Elect in whom Jehovah'S soul delighteth, Isaiah 42:1. ...
The Ensign Jehovah hath set up to the people, Isaiah 11:10
Judges, the Book of - Judges 1, Israel's relations to Canaan, geographical and political, what the several tribes and houses achieved, or otherwise, in conquering the land; Judges 2 - 3:6, Israel's relations religiously to the Lord, this second portion tells us the reason of Israel's failure to drive out the Canaanite remnant and of their falling under oppressors, namely, apostasy; Jehovah leaving those nations in order to prove Israel whether they would obey Him. The general lessons of the book are summed up in Judges 2:11 ff, namely, Israel's high calling and yet apostasy, Jehovah's chastening, and then raising up of judges because of His own pity for their groanings; then Israel's relapse into idolatry upon each judge's death. Abimelech's was the first effort to substitute an earthly king for the Lord of the theocracy, Samson's history illustrates Israel's, whom he represents, strength and weakness, strength in separation to Jehovah, utter weakness when the consecration became severed, as Samson's locks, by lust. Jehovah's giving up His glory (the ark) into captivity was a virtual giving over of Israel to captivity, i. Israel's unfaithfulness punished by the foe's oppression, and Jehovah's faithfulness in raising up judges to deliver them at their cry, are the two hinges upon which the history turns (Keil). Intermarriages with pagan neighbours, Gentile associations, the beauty of the Canaanite women, the pomp, gaiety, and voluptuousness of their rites, the hope of learning the future by idolatrous divination, superstitious fears of the alleged gods of the locality where they settled, inclined Israel to add to Jehovah's worship the pagan idolatries (for they had too strong proofs of the divine law to renounce it wholly). Thrice Jehovah threatened Israel with oppression for apostasy: at Bochim (Judges 2:1-4), at the Midianite invasion (Judges 6:7-10), at the Ammonite and Philistine oppression (Judges 10:10-14). The Angel of Jehovah, the Son of God, at the call of Moses appeared to him, then the Spirit of Jehovah qualified him (Exodus 3:1-6; Exodus 13:21)
Canticles; the Song of Solomon - Israel was the Old Testament wife of Jehovah (Isaiah 54:5; Isaiah 62:5; Jeremiah 3:1, etc. The name of God does not occur, because throughout the allegory, to the exclusion of everything literal, is maintained, and Solomon throughout represents Messiah Jehovah, whose love is the grand theme. In the song's Israelite aspect the third or central part probably refers to the sealing of the union between Jehovah and the Old Testament church by Solomon's erection of the temple (Song of Solomon 3:6-11). "The daughter of Zion was at that time openly married to Jehovah; for it is thenceforth that the prophets in reproving Israel's sin speak of it as a breach of her marriage covenant
Balaam - Hence, while owning Jehovah for his God and following patriarchal tradition (Job 42:8, who is thought by the decipherers of the Assyrian and Babylonian monuments to have lived in the region about the mouth of the Euphrates, Uz, the early seat of the first Babylonian empire) in offering victims by sevens. " Balaam acquiesced, although in language betraying the revolt of his covetous will against God's will he told Balak's princes, "Jehovah refuseth to give me leave to go with you. " Hence, instead of going back to Pethor, he begs them to tarry another night to see "what Jehovah will say unto him more. "...
No more efficient agent than Balaam could have been chosen to testify to his friends, Israel's enemies, the hopelessness of their conflict with the people whom Jehovah marks as His own. Appropriately the seer that God appoints to announce this belonged to Mesopotamia, the center of the great world powers whose doom he foretells, as rebels against Jehovah's purpose concerning Israel and Israel's Messianic king (Psalm 2)
Ishmael - (See HAGAR; ISAAC; ABRAHAM) ("God hears"); the name of God is Εl , "the God of might", in relation to the world at large; not Jehovah , His name in relation to His covenant people. "Jehovah," in covenant with Abraham her husband, "heard her affliction" in the wilderness whither she had fled from Sarah. The angel of Jehovah described Ishmael in a prophecy which history is continually verifying, "he will be a wild man," Hebrew a wild donkey man, i. , fulfilling the prediction of the angel of Jehovah to Hagar (see above), Ishmael died, his nomad descendants stretching from Havilah S
Kindness (2) - Hesed is the bond uniting Jahweh and Israel in one covenant relation: the hesed of J″ [1] to Israel being His grace, of Israel to J″ Samuel, First Book of - ' Samuel had been growing and was in favour both with Jehovah and with men. The word of Jehovah was precious: there was no open vision: the priest had failed. From Dan to Beersheba Samuel was recognised as the prophet of Jehovah. The Spirit of Jehovah came upon David from that day, but He departed from Saul, and an evil spirit troubled him
Inheritance - But the extermination of the Canaanites was never effected; and although the conquest was achieved only by the most strenuous effort, yet the Israelites were so strongly impressed with a vivid sense of Jehovah’s intervention on their behalf, that to subsequent generations it seemed as if they had entered into the labours of others, not in any sense whatever by their own power, but solely by Jehovah’s grace. The career of Israel, as a nation, the influence, even the existence, of its religion, would he endangered by the dispossession of Canaan; moreover, it was recognized that as long as the people remained true to Jehovah, He on His part would remain true to them, and would not suffer them to be dispossessed, but would make them dwell securely in their own land, in order that they might establish on their side those conditions of righteousness and justice which represented the national obligations, if Jehovah’s covenant with them was to be maintained. The idea of a restored inheritance suggested at once the glorious anticipations of the Messianic age, when the people, not by works which they had done, but by Jehovah’s grace, should recover that which they had lost; and renew the covenant that had been broken. ( a ) The Jews never lost the conviction that Jehovah was the supreme overlord of the land, and of the people that dwelt in it. Accordingly Canaan is the Holy Land, and Jehovah’s own inheritance; and Messiah when incarnate ‘came to His own country, and His own people received Him not. This they strove to express by boldly declaring that Jehovah was Himself the inheritance of His people
Prophets, the - As a whole the prophets refer to Israel as an inner circle, or chief platform, on which the dealings of Jehovah were and will be developed, and with which the Messiah is in immediate relation. Beyond and above all, there is God's universal government; in which everything is in result to be made subject to the Messiah, while God's promises are made good to Israel, for all Israel will again be brought into blessing, with Jehovah in their midst surrounded with glory, and the nations will be blessed with them. The casting out of the devil and his angels from heaven, when Satan will energise the beast (head of the Roman empire) and the false prophet (Antichrist): they will persecute the pious Jews, will abolish the worship of Jehovah at Jerusalem, and enforce idolatry and the worship of the image of the beast everywhere
Seraphim - In his inaugural vision, Isaiah sees these supernatural creatures grouped about Jehovah’s throne in His heavenly palace. With one pair of wings they hover around Jehovah’s throne; and with the other two they cover their faces and their feet, actions symbolical of humility and adoration. They are ministers of Jehovah, occupied in singing the praises of their Sovereign, and in protecting Him from the approach of sin and evil
Levite - Jehovah was their inheritance (Numbers 18:20 ; 26:62 ; Deuteronomy 10:9 ; 18:1,2 ), and for their support it was ordained that they should receive from the other tribes the tithes of the produce of the land
Pastor - Sometimes he represents him as the Great Shepherd, (Hebrews 13:20) —and sometimes he calls him the Good Shepherd, which giveth his life for the sheep, (John 10:11) —and by his servant the prophet Zechariah, he calls him Jehovah'S Shepherd, (Zechariah 13:7) —and by Peter, the Chief Shepherd, holding him forth to the under pastors of his flock as a glorious pattern for them to follow, assuring them that when the Chief Shepherd shall appear "they shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. " (1 Peter 5:4) And to distinguish him from every other, and as the only Shepherd of Jehovah, to whom the flock is given, and who alone was, and is, able to purchase it with his blood, and to preserve it by his power, by his servant the prophet Ezekiel, he is expressly called the one Shepherd; "I will set up one Shepherd over them, and he shall feed them
Blasphemy - The Jews, because of Leviticus 24:16, superstitiously shrank from even naming Jehovah
Megiddo - Jehovah "drew unto Barak Sisera, unto the Kishon" (Judges 4:7), i
Moon - Before Jehovah the moon has no brightness (Job 25:5; Isaiah 24:23; Isaiah 60:19-20)
Miracle - They belong to the vast plan of Jehovah, which contains at once both the natural course of events and these supernatural manifestations
Hiram - So he made a "league" with his son Solomon (beriyt , "a covenant," recognizing Jehovah, and guaranteeing to Jewish sojourners at Tyre religious liberty)
Kishon - The other OT incident connected with this river is the slaughter there of the prophets of Baal after Elijah’s vindication of Jehovah on the heights of Carmel ( 1 Kings 18:40 )
Grove - ...
The attempt to combine this with Jehovah worship is the subject of the prohibition (Exodus 34:13)
Immanuel, Emmanuel - Jehovah then told Ahaz to ask for a sign, either in the deep or in the height above; but Ahaz refused to ask; therefore the Lord gave him this sign, "Behold, the virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel
Book - The quotation is poetry, so that the book may have been a collection of odes by Moses on the wars of Jehovah
Ransom - " But to shew, at the same time, that what the Lord Jesus gave was fully equal, yea, more than equal to the vast purchase, ‘the Holy Ghost, in the book of Job, introduceth Jehovah as speaking concerning the redeemed sinner, "Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom
Zephaniah - ("Jehovah hath hidden") (Psalms 27:5; Psalms 83:3)
Sin Offering - ) The trespass offering was a forfeit for the violated rights of others, whether of Jehovah as head of the nation or of a fellow man
Samaritans - The king of Assyria had peopled the cities by colonists from the East, they were then in Jehovah's land, but they did not fear Him, therefore He sent lions among them. The result was that they feared Jehovah, and served their own gods! 2 Kings 17:24-41
Esau - ...
In Malachi 1:2,3 Esau is referred to as having been hated by Jehovah, whereas Jacob had been loved
Bowels - What a precious blessed view doth it afford of the Lord Jesus!...
And what I beg the reader also particularly to remark, this purity, this holiness of the Lord Jesus in our nature, is, to all intents and purposes, that holiness in which Jehovah beholds his church in Jesus
Fountain - As those springs or fountains of water are the most valuable and highly prized which never intermit or cease to flow, but are always sending forth their streams; such is Jehovah to his people: he is a perennial source of felicity
Kings - Some refer this to Jehovah
Grasshopper - The Prophet Isaiah contrasts the grandeur and power of God, and every thing reputed great in this world, by a very expressive reference to this insect: Jehovah sitteth on the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants are to him as grasshoppers, Isaiah 40:22
Sheep - Russell; from which it appears that this was the most delicate part of the animal, and therefore the most proper to be presented in sacrifice to Jehovah
Leper - It was peculiarly dreaded among the Jews as unclean and infectious; and also as being a special infliction from Jehovah, as we know it to have been in the cases of Miriam, Numbers 12:10 , Gehazi, 2 Kings 5:27 , and Uzziah, 2 Chronicles 26:16-23
Hezeki'ah - (the might of Jehovah )
jo'Ash - (to whom Jehovah hastens, i
Palace - Solomon constructed an ascent from his own house to the temple, "the house of Jehovah," (1 Kings 10:5 ) which was a subterranean passage 250 feet long by 42 feet wide, of which the remains may still be traced
Josiah - He then assembled all the people at the temple; made them hear the law, and renew the covenant of obedience to Jehovah their God
Names - וְבַרְיָה ‘Jehovah remembered’)
Sabbatical Year - The reason assigned is that the land, being Jehovah’s land, must keep Sabbath, i. All slaves were to be emancipated (this may be a modified substitute for the earlier provisions with regard to emancipation after 7 years); no mention is made of the possibility of perpetual slavery, but it is ordained that the Hebrew slave of a foreigner may be redeemed by a relative, all Jews being essentially Jehovah’s servants. Such property was presumably regarded as human and artificial, whilst all land was essentially the property of Jehovah. (7) In Leviticus 27:16-25 a field devoted to Jehovah must be valued at once at a fixed rate, and might be redeemed at this price, plus a fine of 20 per cent
Saul - This narrative gives no hint that the people asked for a king, or that his selection would be displeasing to either Samuel or Jehovah. The people demand a king, which Samuel interprets to be a rejection of Jehovah, their true king, and Saul, after protest, is elected by lot at Mizpah
Nahum (2) - Hezekiah's time was that in which trust in Jehovah and the observance of the temple feasts prevailed as they did not before or after. So in Nahum 1:7; Nahum 1:15, "Jehovah is a stronghold in the day of trouble; and He knoweth (with approval) them that trust in Him . Nahum encourages his countrymen with the assurance that, alarming as their position seemed, assailed by the mighty foe which had already carried captive the ten tribes, yet that not only should the Assyrian fail against Jerusalem, but Nineveh and his own empire should fall; and this not by chance, but by Jehovah's judgment for their iniquities
Hutchinsonians - His editors tell us, he found, upon examination, that the Hebrew Scriptures nowhere ascribe motion to the body of the sun, nor fixedness to the earth; that they describe the created system to be a plenum without any vacuum at all, and reject the assistance of gravitation, attraction, or any such occult qualities, for performing the stated operations of nature, which are carried on by the mechanism of the heavens, in their threefold condition of fire, light, and spirit, or air, the material agents set to work at the beginning; that the heavens, thus framed by almighty Wisdom, are an instituted emblem and visible substitute of Jehovah Aleim, the eternal Three, the coequal and co- adorable Trinity in Unity; that the unity of substance in the heavens points out the unity of essence and the distinction of conditions, the personality in Deity, without confounding the persons or dividing the substance; and that, from their being made emblems, they are called in Hebrew shemim, the names, representatives, or substitutes, expressing by their names that they are emblems, and, by their conditions or offices, what it is they are emblems of. Thus, the word Elohim, which we call God, or, as he reads it, Aleim, he refers to the oath or conditional execration, by which the eternal covenant of grace among the persons in Jehovah was and is confirmed
David - With the spoils he took in war he enriched his people, and provided abundant materials for the magnificent temple he purposed to build in honor of Jehovah, but which it was Solomon a privilege to erect. His preparations for the building of the temple, and the public service in which he devoted all to Jehovah, and called on all the people to bless the Lord God of their fathers, crown with singular beauty and glory the life of this eminent servant of God
Jeremiah - (Hebrew: possibly, whom Jehovah appoints) ...
Prophet
Jeremias - (Hebrew: possibly, whom Jehovah appoints) ...
Prophet
Job, Book of - This is followed by the solution of the controversy in the speeches of Elihu and the address of Jehovah, followed by Job's humble confession (42:1-6) of his own fault and folly
Dance - ...
Miriam went out before "Jehovah, the Man of war" (Exodus 15:3; Exodus 15:20-21), and answered the entire chorus
Meshach - The fire only burnt their bonds, so that they "walked loose in the midst of the fire" (John 8:36; Psalms 138:7; Isaiah 43:1-2); Jehovah was a wall of fire round them against their foes (Zechariah 2:5)
Bed - Og in some expedition of his against Ammon may have left behind him his gigantic bed, to impress his enemy with his super-human greatness, and the Ammonites may have preserved it in Rabbath, their capital; or Israel may have sent it to Ammon as a pledge of their friendly intentions (Jehovah having charged them not to disturb Ammon), and also a visible proof of their power in having conquered so mighty a prince as Og
Tithe - (Genesis 14:20 ; Hebrews 7:2,6 ) ...
Jacob, after his vision at Luz, devoting a tenth of all his property to God in case he should return home in safety (Genesis 28:22 ) The first enactment of the law in respect of tithe is the declaration that the tenth of all produce, as well as of flocks and cattle belongs to Jehovah and must be offered to him that the tithe was to be paid in kind, or, if redeemed, with an addition of one fifth to its value
Herodians - , and a blending of honours to pagan gods along with the recognition of Jehovah and the law
Adonijah - Means "My Lord is Jehovah", or, "Jah my Father"
Obed Edom - ...
Accordingly, in 1 Chronicles 15 we find the ark was no longer taken in a cart, but borne on the Levites' shoulders, with Obed Edom "a doorkeeper for the ark," and it is emphatically said it was "as Moses commanded, according to the word of Jehovah" (1 Chronicles 15:15; 1 Chronicles 15:18; 1 Chronicles 15:24)
Gedaliah - Son of Ahikam, who saved Jeremiah from death (Jeremiah 26:24); grandson of Shaphan, Josiah's secretary, whom the king sent to inquire concerning the book of Jehovah' s law recently found (2 Kings 22:12; 2 Kings 22:14)
Anathema - ...
So in the case of Jericho the city was so devoted to destruction, and all in it, except Rahab; and the silver, gold, brass, and iron, were consecrated to Jehovah (Joshua 6:17-26)
Oil - ...
The offering of oil on the altar was the offerer's acknowledgment that all his spiritual gifts were from Jehovah
Census - But there was to be the recognition that it could only be on the ground of redemption that they could be taken into account by Jehovah
Saints - The holy angels are said by Jehovah (Job 4:18) to have no trust put in them, yea,"he chargeth them with folly, or weakness—that is, with a possibility of falling
Abijah - ("father of Jehovah," i
Paran - The spoils from Midian (Numbers 31:50-53) included gold (of which was offered to Jehovah 16,750 shekels!), silver, brass, iron, tin, and lead
Hand - The right hand of Jehovah is well known to be one of the names by which the Mediator, as Mediator, is mentioned in Scripture
Covenant - For so the apostle was commissioned by the Holy Ghost, to inform the church concerning that eternal life which was given us, he saith, in Christ Jesus, "before the world began?" (Titus 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:9) So that this everlasting covenant becomes the bottom and foundation in Jehovah'S appointment, and security of all grace and mercy for the church here, and of all glory and happiness hereafter, through the alone person, work, blood-shedding, and obedience of the Lord Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 1:4) And from this appointment, before all worlds, result all the after mercies in time, by which the happy partakers of such unspeakable grace and mercy are regenerated, called, adopted, made willing in the day of God's power, and are justified, sanctified, and, at length, fully glorified, to the praise of Jehovah'S grace, who hath made them accepted in the Beloved. But the whole purport, plan, design and grace, originating as it did in the purposes of Jehovah from all eternity, had all the properties in it of an everlasting covenant; and Christ always, and from all eternity, "was considered the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world
Hannah - If the Lord Jesus was thus anointed, and called as such the Messiah (which is, in fact, the Anointed), so many ages before his incarnation, as the glorious Head of his body the church, was not the church, the body of that glorious Head, anointed also in him? Could the Head, in this instance, be considered detached and separated from the members? Surely Christ, as Christ, that is, Anointed, could not have been thus called, had not the Holy Ghost virtually and truly, in the secret councils of Jehovah, anointed him as much as God the Father called him
Naphtali - It is Jesus alone who hath satisfied for sin, and with whom alone Jehovah is satisfied; and therefore Jesus, as the Head of his body the church, is satisfied with favour, and full of the blessings of the Lord
Mount Zion - ) When we hear Jehovah saying, "Behold, I lay in Zion, for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone
Wine - John expresses it, Revelation 14:10 , pure wine made yet stronger by a mixture of powerful ingredients: "In the hand of Jehovah is a cup, and the wine is turbid; it is full of a mixed liquor, and he poureth out of it," or rather, "he poureth it out of one vessel into another," to mix it perfectly; "verily the dregs thereof," the thickest sediment of the strong ingredients mingled with it, "all the ungodly of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them
Horse - Lest the people might depend on a well appointed cavalry, as a means of security, and so cease from trusting in the promised aid and protection of Jehovah
Swallows - " By the altars of Jehovah we are to understand the temple
Change - I am Jehovah I change not
Refuge, Cities of - So firmly was this practice established among the Israelites before their entrance into the promised land, and probably also even before their sojourning in Egypt, that Moses was directed by Jehovah not to attempt to eradicate it entirely, but only to counteract and modify it by the institution of cities of refuge
Idolatry - " Jehovah was the theocratic King of Israel, the civil Head of the commonwealth, and therefore to an Israelite idolatry was a state offence (1 Samuel 15:23 ), high treason
Jeroboam - He at once adopted means to perpetuate the division thus made between the two parts of the kingdom, and erected at Dan and Bethel, the two extremities of his kingdom, "golden calves," which he set up as symbols of Jehovah, enjoining the people not any more to go up to worship at Jerusalem, but to bring their offerings to the shrines he had erected
Jeremiah - Raised up or appointed by Jehovah
Abraham - Soon after this, for some reason not mentioned, he removed his tent to the mountain district between Bethel, then called Luz, and Ai, towns about two miles apart, where he built an altar to "Jehovah. He proceeded in a spirit of unhesitating obedience to carry out the command; and when about to slay his son, whom he had laid on the altar, his uplifted hand was arrested by the angel of Jehovah, and a ram, which was entangled in a thicket near at hand, was seized and offered in his stead. From this circumstance that place was called Jehovah-jireh, i
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ - The appearances of Christ is to the patriarchs are described like the appearances of an angel, or man really distinct from God; yet such a one, in whom God, or Jehovah, had a peculiar indwelling, or with whom the divine nature had a personal union. The Lord Jehovah, when he came down to visit men, carried some ensign of divine majesty: he was surrounded with some splendid appearance. Such are those places in the Old Testament, where the angel who appeared to the ancients is called God, the Almighty God, Jehovah, the Lord of Hosts, I am that I am, &c
Sin - These anthropopathic conceptions of God abound, and are seen in the idea of His jealousy being roused by idolatrous practices ( Exodus 20:5 ), in the promises made to Israel that, in return for services to Jehovah, He will save His people in the face of their enemies ( Exodus 23:25 ff. It must not be forgotten, moreover, that the ceremonial enactments provided a circle of ideas of permanent importance in the Hebrew conception of Jehovah’s character. The great rebellion against the Davidic dynasty is itself attributed to the declension of Solomon in his old age from the pure Jehovah-worship so zealously and consistently advocated by his father. Each had been guilty of cruelty and wrong to the people of Jehovah. ), and it may be said that it is owing to the preaching of these four prophets that the centre of gravity, as it were, of sin is changed, and the principles of universal justice and love, as the fundamental attributes of Jehovah’s character and rule, are established. It was the prophetic function to deepen the consciousness of sin by revealing a God of moral righteousness to a people whose peculiar relationship to Jehovah involved both immense privileges and grave responsibilities ( Amos 3:2 , Hosea 3:5 ff. The story of Jonah of Gath-hepher is the revelation of a growing feeling that the righteous dominion of Jehovah was not, in the exercise of its moral influence, confined exclusively to Israel
Exodus, the Book of - ) Then his passionate reproach of Jehovah for the failure of his first appeal to Pharaoh, which only brought more bitter hardship on Israel (Exodus 5:20-23). "Jehovah hardened Pharaoh's heart so that he would not let Israel go. The Nile, the center of Egypt's national and religious life, was smitten, assuring Israel of Jehovah's interposition. ...
Many of the Egyptians feared Jehovah's word and obeyed, while the rest suffered for their disregard. Pharaoh for the first time cried, "I have sinned this time, Jehovah is righteous, I and my people are wicked" (Exodus 9:27). wind upon Moses' stretching his rod over Egypt by Jehovah's command brought up the locusts. Pharaoh and his people rightly regarded the successive visitations as natural to Egypt, yet so overruled in their intensity, in their coming and going at Moses' call to Jehovah, and in their gradual heightening when the divine will continued to be resisted, as to be supernatural and palpably sent from above. The divine aim was to vindicate Jehovah's lordship, not merely over the enslaved Hebrew but over Egypt and its king, the representative of the pagan world powers with whom God's controversy is, "to the end that thou mayest know that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth" (Exodus 8:22). ...
The most appropriate way to effect this was not to send strange terrors but to show, by intensifying and controlling at will the visitations ordinarily felt in Egypt and falsely attributed by them to particular idols, that all these visitations are at Jehovah's absolute disposal to inflict, increase, or wholly withdraw, subserving His purposes of wrath to His adversaries, of mercy to His people, and of the setting forth of His own glory to the whole world (Exodus 9:16); compare Psalms 78:43-49, "sending evil angels among them"; the plagues are figuratively His messengers ("angels") in the hands of heavenly angels, of whom the destroying angel was in closest communion with Jehovah (Psalms 78:51); compare Exodus 12:18; Exodus 12:23; Exodus 12:29; Hebrews 11:28, for God sends good angels to punish the bad, and bad angels to chastise the good
Word - The Chaldee paraphrasts, the most ancient Jewish writers extant, generally make use of the word memra, which signifies "the Word," in those places where Moses puts the name Jehovah. John was a plain, "unlearned" man, chiefly conversant in the Holy Scriptures, he derived this term from the sacred books of his own nation, in which the Hebrew phrase, Dabar Jehovah, "the Word of Jehovah," frequently occurs in passages which must be understood to speak of a personal Word, and which phrase is rendered Λογος Κυριου [1] by the Septuagint interpreters. The Hebrew Scriptures contain frequent intimations of a distinction of Persons in the Godhead; one of these Divine Persons is called Jehovah; and, though manifestly represented as existing distinct from the Father, is yet arrayed with attributes of divinity, and was acknowledged by the ancient Jews to be, in the highest sense, "their God," the God with whom, through all their history, they chiefly "had to do. But, although there is dignity and propriety in omitting the mention of his name, it was necessary, in laying down the positions that were to meet his errors, to adopt some of his words, because the Christians of those days would not so readily have applied the doctrine of the Apostle to the refutation of those heresies which Cerinthus was spreading among them, if they had not found in the exposition of that doctrine some of the terms in which the heresy was delivered; and as the chief of these terms, Logos, which Cerinthus applied to an inferior spirit, was equivalent to a phrase in common use among the Jews, ‘the Word of Jehovah,' and was probably borrowed from thence, John by his use of Logos rescues it from the degraded use of Cerinthus, and restores it to a sense corresponding to the dignity of the Jewish phrase
Tabernacle - The three colors employed, blue, scarlet, and purple, were the royal colors and so best suited to the tabernacle, the earthly palace of Jehovah. The tabernacle was Jehovah's "dwelling place" where He was to "meet" His people or their representatives (Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:42-43; Ephesians 2:18-228; Exodus 28:12). not of the people meeting one another, but of Jehovah meeting with Moses, the priest, or the "people": "'ohel moed " (Numbers 10:3). )...
The ark contained it; and the lid of the ark, the mercyseat, was the place where Jehovah met or communed with Israel. ...
The king-priestly functions belonging to Israel in relation to the world, but declined through slowness of faith (Exodus 19:6; Exodus 20:19; Deuteronomy 5:27-28), Jehovah keeps for them against Israel's restoration (Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 66:21). Jehovah's name, the I AM, distinguishing the personal Creator from the creature, excludes pantheism and idolatry, as conversely the seemingly sublime inscription on Isis' shrine at Sais, identifying the world and God, involves both: "I am all that has been, and is, and shall be, and my veil no mortal has withdrawn" (Clemens Alex
Noah - In contrast to the Cainite Lamech's boast of violence with impunity, the Sethite Lamech, playing on Noah's ("rest") name, piously looks for "comfort" (nachum ) through him from Jehovah who had "cursed the ground. "The sons of God (the Sethites, adopted by grace, alone keeping themselves separate from the world's defilements, 'called by the name of Jehovah' as His sons: Genesis 4:26 margin, or as KJV; while the Cainites by erecting a city and developing worldly arts were laying the foundation for the kingdom of this world, the Sethites by unitedly 'calling on Jehovah's name' founded the church made up of God's children, Galatians 3:26) saw the daughters of men (Cainites) and they took them wives of all which they chose" (fancy and lust, instead of the fear of God, being their ruling motive). The Israelites were "sons of God" (Deuteronomy 32:5; Hosea 1:10); still more "sons of Jehovah" the covenant God (Exodus 4:22; Deuteronomy 14:1; Psalms 73:15; Proverbs 14:26). Noah's first act was a sacrifice of thanksgiving; "and Jehovah smelled a savour of rest," in consonance with Noah's name meaning "rest", and promised, in consideration of man's evil infirmity, not to curse the ground any more nor to smite every living thing as He had done, but to cause seedtime and harvest, day and night, not to cease. ...
Psalms 29:10 translated "Jehovah sat (so sit, Psalms 9:4; Psalms 9:7-8; Joel 3:12) at the flood"; mabbul , Noah's deluge; as King and Judge vindicating His people and destroying their ungodly foe, "and therefore Jehovah will sit King for ever. Jehovah will not let them overwhelm His people, as He did not let it overwhelm Noah
Elijah - Whose God is Jehovah. It was then proposed that sacrifices should be publicly offered, for the purpose of determining whether Baal or Jehovah were the true God
Micah - Micah 6:7, form a vivid dialogue wherein Jehovah expostulates with Israel for their sinful and monstrous ingratitude, and they attempt to reply and are convicted (Micah 6:6-8). His description of Jehovah (Micah 7:18-19), "who is a God like unto Thee, forgiving?" etc
Incense - This incense was to be kept exclusively for Jehovah; the penalty of making like incense for ordinary perfume was "cutting off. By the Jews' wide dispersion already some knowledge of Jehovah was being imparted to the Gentiles, and an earnest existed of the future magnifying of Jehovah's name among the Gentiles "from the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same
Unclean And Clean - The ground of the distinction was Israel's call to be Jehovah's peculiar people (Deuteronomy 14:21). The blood in which is "the life of the flesh" being drawn off from the meat, the latter by being presented before Jehovah became clean as food for Jehovah's people by His gift. The ruminating quadrupeds, fish with fins and scales, gallinaceous birds and such as feed on vegetables, and not the raptores and carnivorous; those not revolting to our instincts; those affording the most wholesome foods: all these were the foods chosen as typical symbols of Israel's separation, from moral uncleanness, to Jehovah
Lamentations, Book of - The second hymn finds the sting of their sufferings in the fact that they are inflicted by Jehovah, their ancient defender. 3, ‘the triumph song of ethical optimism,’ recounts the national misery ( Lamentations 3:1-18 ), perceives the purpose of Jehovah in their calamities ( Lamentations 3:19-47 ), and calls the people to penitence ( Lamentations 3:48-66 )
Sanctification - Thus it is said that when Jehovah had finished the works of creation, he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it—that is, set it apart for his more immediate honor. Jesus, who justifies and sanctifies his people freely, hath engaged to complete the whole for Jehovah'S glory and his people's happiness. " Oh, the unspeakable felicity of being clothed in his garments of righteousness, and presented by Jesus, and to Jesus, in that day before Jehovah and a congregated world, holy, and sanctified in his holiness and sanctity, and made so for ever!...
Church - (Luke 2:16; 1 Peter 2:2) As Christ is declared to be the dearly beloved of the Father, (Jeremiah 12:7) so the church is said to be dearly beloved also, (1 Corinthians 10:14; Philippians 4:1; 2 Timothy 1:2) Is Christ the Elect, in whom Jehovah'S soul delighteth? so are they elect, according to the foreknowledge of God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. (Isaiah 42:1; 1 Peter 1:2) Is Jesus the heir of all things? (Hebrews 1:2) so are they heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ, (Romans 8:17) And when that Christ, by the spirit of prophecy, is called Jehovah our righteousness, the church as his wife, and entitled to every thing in him, is also called by the same name, Jehovah our righteousness
Jeremiah, Book of - It was a grief to him to see Judah departing from Jehovah, and to be obliged to predict the judgement of God upon them, the people he loved; added to which he actually suffered from the hand of those whom he sought to help. Jeremiah may however have gone but once, and it would have been a striking lesson of obedience to Jehovah to go such a long distance on such an errand. Meanwhile Jehovah's words were the joy of his heart. Jehovah would deliver him
Alpha And Omega (2) - Jehovah is contrasted with the gods of the heathen in Isaiah 41:26-27; Isaiah 42:9; Isaiah 43:9-10; Isaiah 44:6-7; Isaiah 44:26; Isaiah 45:21; Isaiah 46:9-10; Isaiah 48:3; Isaiah 48:5; Isaiah 48:12, also, and indeed primarily, as ‘first and last’ in the sense of director of all things to the fulfilment of His predeclared purpose, i. And I manifestly the development of this idea of Jehovah as ‘first and last’ in the redemptive or soteriological sense, would be more congenial to Hebrew thought than the metaphysical, although cosmology plays a great and increasing part in apocalyptic literature. ...
But the final redemptive intervention of Jehovah is necessarily conceived as through some personal, human, or at least angelic (Malachi 3:1, 2 Esdras 5:56) agency, even when creative and cosmological functions are still attributed to Jehovah directly, without any, or with no more than an impersonal, intermediate agency. Hence, while in Revelation 1:8 as in Revelation 1:4 and Revelation 21:6 Jehovah Himself, ‘the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end,’ is also ὁ ἐρχόμενος, there is no escape for any believer in Jesus from transferring the title in this soteriological sense to Him as Messiah
Rebekah - Before their birth Rebekah received the oracle from Jehovah, that two nations were in her womb and that the elder should serve the younger
Lebanon - Yet Israel forsakes Jehovah the living fountain, ever near, for broken cisterns
Nathan - ...
Nathan conveyed Jehovah's command to David, to name Solomon" Jedidiah," not as a mere appellation, but an assurance that Jehovah loved him
Ben-Hadad - Jehovah, moved by Jehoahaz' repentance of his previous wickedness, and by his beseeching prayers, and by the oppression suffered by his people from Hazael, "who had made them like the dust by threshing," gave Israel a savior from Ben-Hadad in Joash his son's days
Belshazzar - His crowning guilt, which made the cup overflow in vengeance, was his profaning the vessels of Jehovah's temple to be the instrument of revelry to himself, his princes, wives, and concubines, drinking out of them in honor of his idols. To mark the inseparable connection of sin and punishment, "the same hour" that witnessed his impious insult to Jehovah witnessed the mysterious hand of the unseen One writing his doom in full view of his fellow transgressors on the same palace wall which had been covered with cuneiform inscriptions glorifying those Babylonian kings
Zechariah - Jehovah is renowned or remembered
Rabbah - The ark apparently accompanied the camp (2 Samuel 11:11), a rare occurrence (1 Samuel 4:3-6); but perhaps what is meant is only that the ark at Jerusalem was "in a tent" (2 Samuel 7:2; 2 Samuel 7:6) as was the army at Rabbah under Jehovah the Lord of the ark, therefore Uriah would not go home to his house
Blasphemy - Acts 6:13 ), as was also the light and irresponsible utterance of the sacred Name ( Isaiah 52:6 , Ezekiel 36:20 , Deuteronomy 5:11 ), the degradation of Jehovah-worship by conformity to pagan rites ( Ezekiel 20:27 ), and the continued wilful transgression of Divine commands and despising of ‘the word of the Lord’ ( Numbers 15:30 f
Righteousness - " Hence, therefore, it undeniably follows that Christ is the only righteousness of his people; and he is what Scripture declares his name is, and shall be, Jehovah our Righteousness
Hezekiah, King of Judah - Hezekiah piously resigned himself to the will of Jehovah
Idolatry - When the golden calf was made Aaron built an altar before it, and said, "To-morrow is a feast to Jehovah;" but the people said, "These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt
Jehu - ...
Jehu was commended for carrying out the will of God in exterminating the house of Ahab, and Jehovah said to him that his children to the fourth generation should sit upon the throne
Frontlets - They wore them always, the common people only at prayers; and as Jehovah occurs in the tephillin 23 times, but on the high priest's golden plate but once (Exodus 28:36), the tephillin) were thought the more sacred
Be - ” Since the divine name Jehovah or Yahweh was well-known long before (cf
Hagar - Further interest attaches to the narrative as containing the earliest reference in Scripture to ‘the angel of Jehovah’ (Genesis 16:7 ), and as being the first of a series (Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Naaman) in which the regard of God is represented as singling out for blessing persons outside Israel, and thus as preparing for the universal mission of Christ
Ephod - Thus was the priestly garment that should have been restricted to the service of Jehovah associated with idolatry
Shiloh (2) - The animal feast of Jehovah when the daughters of Shiloh went forth in dances gave Benjamin, when threatened with extinction, the opportunity of carrying off wives (Judges 21:19-23). The mosque's title, the mosque of the Eternal, points to its original occupation by Jehovah's sanctuary
Witness - ...
The witness which God vouchsafed of Himself to Abraham was that He was 'THE ALMIGHTY GOD'; to Moses it was 'I AM THAT I AM'; and to Israel, 'JEHOVAH
Blasphemy - ) Here was the blasphemy, in ascribing the works of Jesus, wrought evidently the Spirit of Jehovah, to the agency of Satan; was blasphemy with a vengeance, and from its peculiar malignity unpardonable
Darkness - In the natural sense of the word, it means the obscurity, such as is described at the original state of things, when Jehovah went forth in acts of creation. Then it was that Scripture was fulfilled, and Jesus set, as Jehovah'S King, "upon his holy hill of Zion
Cedar Tree - " (Isaiah 60:21; Isa 61:3) And if Jesus himself, be in the view of Jehovah, and in his church's view, "the plant of renown," (Ezekiel 34:29) surely, it is blessed to know, that the church is in Jesus's view, the Cedar of Lebanon
Aceldama - Thus confirming the faith by circumstances, which, considering the difficulties with which the thing itself was surrounded, and the little probability that one dying, as the Lord Jesus did, under the hands of the Roman government, as a common felon, should make "his grave with the wicked, and with the rich, in his death:" nothing but the over-ruling and determinate counsel and foreknowledge of Jehovah could have contrived; nor any less than the same sovereign power could have accomplished
Tent - The house of God, and heaven, are spoken of in Scripture as the tent or tabernacle of Jehovah, Psalm 15:1 61:4 84:1 Hebrews 8:2 9:11 ; and the body as the tabernacle of the soul, taken down by death, 2 Corinthians 5:1 2 Peter 1:13
Judges - ...
The command of Jehovah to expel or destroy all the Canaanites, was but imperfectly executed; and those who were spared infected the Hebrews with the poison of their idolatry and vice
Jehoshaphat - Jehovah-judged
Ephod - Thus was the priestly garment that should have been restricted to the service of Jehovah associated with idolatry
Creation - In the second Jehovah (Υahweh , the personal God in covenant relation to man, the unchanging "I AM. "...
To mark the identity of this personal Jehovah with the Elohim of the previous part, the two, the personal and the generic names, are joined, Jehovah-Elohim "the Lord God. " The mighty Elohim who created all things is also the Jehovah, who from the days of paradise down to the days of Moses, the writer of the pentateuch, has been in personal and unchangeable covenant relation with His people. Moreover, Jehovah, being derived from hawah, the Syriac and Chaldee for the Hebrew hayah "to be," must have come down from a time prior to the separation of the Hebrew from the Aramaeans, i. THAT WHICH IS (the exact meaning of the I AM or Jehovah), the invisible Cause eternal, self-existing, but unperceived, is Brahma
Call, Calling - In Deutero-Isaiah it is said that Jehovah has a name for every star (Isaiah 40:26 [1], imitated in Psalms 147:4). If our text is to be trusted, Jehovah even ‘surnames’ Cyrus (Isaiah 45:4). to P, Jehovah renames ‘Abram’ and ‘Sarai,’ Genesis 17:5; Genesis 17:15, while Moses renames ‘Hoshea,’ Numbers 13:16; cf. But there is a passage which would lend itself excellently to this interpretation—the tale of the call of the young Samuel, where we have three interesting parallel usages: Jehovah ‘called to Samuel’ (1 Samuel 3:4 literally), ‘called Samuel’ (1 Samuel 3:8), ‘called … Samuel, Samuel’ (1 Samuel 3:10)
Moab - Israel was forbidden to meddle with them (Judges 11:9; Judges 11:19) on account of the tie of blood through Lot, Abraham's nephew, for Jehovah gave Ar unto the children of Lot, having dispossessed the giant Emims. It was only when Moab seduced Israel to idolatry and impurity (Numbers 25), and hired Balaam to curse them, that they were excluded from Jehovah's congregation to the tenth generation (Deuteronomy 23:3-4). Jehovah, as a "swimmer," strikes out right and left, so shall smite the foe with rapidity, cleaving a way through them on every side. fares no better for having Jehovah for her God than the pagan who have idols, God "would open her side from the cities on her frontiers, the glory of the country (a glorious country in richness of soil), Bethjeshimoth, Baalmeon, and Kiriathaim, unto the men of the East," i
Benjamin - Primarily, however, the idea is, Benjamin as "the beloved of Jehovah shall dwell in safety with Him (literally, founded upon Him), and he (Benjamin) shall dwell between His (Jehovah's) shoulders," as a son borne upon his father's back (Deuteronomy 1:31; Deuteronomy 32:11; Exodus 19:4; Isaiah 46:3-4; Isaiah 63:9). ...
Besides the causes mentioned before, which finally united Benjamin and Judah, there was Jeroboam's setting up the calf worship in Bethel (a Benjamite city) in rivalry of the temple of Jehovah in the joint city of Benjamin and Judah, Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:29); also Rehoboam's wise policy in dispersing his children through all Judah and Benjamin, into every" fenced city" (2 Chronicles 11:12; 2 Chronicles 11:23); also Asa's covenant with Jehovah, in which Benjamin took part (2 Chronicles 15); also the advancement of Benjamites to high posts in the army (2 Chronicles 17:17)
Abram - All must be referred unto the eternal purposes of Jehovah, "who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will and pleasure. another purpose which the Lord accomplished in the display of the riches of his grace, by this change of name: and which, if I mistake not, (the Lord pardon me if I err) seems to have been the Lord's great design, in this act of mercy and favour shewn both to the patriarch and his wife; namely, by this alteration, or rather addition given to each; by one of the letters which form the incommunicable name of Jehovah. By this express act of divine grace, Abraham and Sarah, both possessed in their name an everlasting symbol, or token of Jehovah'S glorious favour. And I am the more inclined to this belief, because, in the instance of Jeconiah, in an after age of the church, the Lord manifested his displeasure to this man, by taking from his name one of those distinguishing letters of Jehovah, and calling him Coniah, a "despised broken idol. ...
May I not venture to suggest, that perhaps it was on this account, of the honour done to their father Abraham's name, by taking into it a part of Jehovah'S, that the children of Abraham, in every age of the church, have been so anxious to call their descendants by names, which either took in some of the letters of Jehovah'S name, or had an allusion to the Lord
Plagues, the Ten, - The sixth plague, produced by the ashes scattered toward heaven in conformity with an ancient Egyptian rite, as if an invocation of the sun-god, continued the warfare of Jehovah upon Egyptian idolatry; the religious ceremony which was employed to invoke blessing brought disease. The seventh plague, beginning a new series, seems to have been aimed like those which followed, to demonstrate the power of Jehovah over all the elements, and even life itself, in contrast with the impotence of the idols. The victory was complete; upon all the gods of Egypt, Jehovah had executed judgment
Law - If we examine the Jewish law, to discover the principle on which the whole system depends, the primary truth, to inculcate and illustrate which is its leading object, we find it to be that great basis of all religion, both natural and revealed, the self-existence, essential unity, perfections, and providence of the supreme Jehovah, the Creator of heaven and earth. " When the lawgiver begins to recapitulate the statutes and judgments he had enjoined to his nation, it is with this declaration: "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord,"...
Deuteronomy 6:4 ; or, as it might be more closely expressed, Jehovah our Elohim, or God, is one Jehovah. What, is that doctrine so awful, that the whole universe is thus invoked to attend to it? so salutary as to be compared with the principle whose operation diffuses beauty and fertility over the vegetable world? Hear the answer: "Because I will publish the name of Jehovah; ascribe ye greatness unto our God. The religion of names arose from an idolatrous polytheism; and the name given here directly opposes this error, and in the ignorance of that dark and corrupted period establishes that great truth, to which the most enlightened philosophy can add no new lustre, and on which all the most refined speculations on the divine nature ultimately rest, the self-existence, and, by consequence, the eternity and immutability, of the one great Jehovah. At this time, and in this nation, was the Mosaic law promulgated, teaching the great principles of true religion, the self- existence, the unity, the perfections, and the providence of the one great Jehovah; reprobating all false gods, all image worship, all the absurdities and profanations of idolatry. By commanding to keep holy the Sabbath, as the memorial of the creation, it establishes the necessity of public worship, and of a stated and outward profession of the truths of religion, as well as of the cultivation of suitable feelings; and it enforces this by a motive which is equally applicable to all mankind, and which should have taught the Jew that he ought to consider all nations as equally creatures of that Jehovah whom he himself adored; equally subject to his government, and, if sincerely obedient, entitled to all the privileges his favour could bestow
Phoenice - It seemed narrow minded to be so exclusive as to maintain that Jehovah of Israel alone was to be worshipped. , and the people's halting between Jehovah and Baal under Ahab
Zacharias - In the presence of the supernatural, Zacharias feared and trembled; but the angel reassured him, told him that his prayer was heard, that his wife Elisabeth should bear him a son, whom he should live to see, and name John (= ‘the grace of Jehovah’), which would be no barren title, but describe his character and mission: ‘he shall be great in the sight of the Lord’ (cf. Here we need only note in it an evident allusion to his own name (signifying ‘Remembered by Jehovah’) and his wife’s (Elisabeth = Eli-sheba = ‘the oath of God’)—‘to remember his holy covenant; the oath which he sware to our father Abraham’ (Luke 1:72-73)
Elisha - In order to receive this boon he must be a witness of the translation of the mighty hero of Jehovah; and as Elijah is whirled away in the chariot of fire, his mantle falls upon his disciple, who immediately makes use of it in parting the waters of the Jordan. While Jehu is commanding the forces besieging Ramoth-gilead, Elisha sends one of the sons of the prophets to anoint the general as king, and thus he executes the commission which Elijah received from Jehovah at Horeb ( 1 Kings 19:16 )
Service - In classical Greek it was used of the service of the gods, and in the NT it is used of the service rendered to Jehovah by the whole tribe of Israel (Acts 26:7 and Romans 9:4). Many years before, the author of Isaiah 40-56 had spoken of both the deliverer and the delivered as ‘the servant of Jehovah. Each was to be Jehovah’s δοῦλος
Samaritan Pentateuch - upon them be the grace of Jehovah. I praise Jehovah
Ecclesiastes, Book of - The name of Jehovah does not once occur. Then he speaks much of Jehovah, the name of relationship, which name, as said above, does not occur in the Book of Ecclesiastes
David - Seven sons passed by but were rejected, notwithstanding Samuel's pre-possession in favor of Eliab's countenance and stature, since Jehovah, unlike man, "looks not on the outward appearance but on the heart. Simultaneously, the Spirit of Jehovah left Saul and an evil spirit from Jehovah troubled him. ...
His already noted (1 Samuel 16:18) prudence, whereby "he behaved himself wisely in all his ways," was now brought into play; a quality which in dependence upon Jehovah, its Giver (Psalms 5:8), he in Psalms 101:1, by an undesigned coincidence, professes in the same words his determination to exercise, and which as it was the characteristic of Jacob, Israel's forefather, so it has been prominent in his descendants in all ages, modern as well as ancient, especially in times of persecution; analogous to the instinctive sagacity of hunted animals. After having promised in the living Jehovah's name David's safety to Jonathan, and after David had "slain the Philistines with a great slaughter" from which they did not recover until the battle in which Saul fell, Saul hurled his javelin at David with such force that it entered into the wall and then would have killed David in his own house, but that by Michal's help he escaped through a window. they run and prepare themselves without my fault" (Psalms 59:3-4); herein he appeals to the all-knowing Jehovah, since the earthly king will not believe his protestations of innocence of the treason laid to his charge. Greatly trembling at the Philistine hosts, war-like though he was, but cowed by a guilty conscience, he who had made David to "wander up and down" now in his turn wanders hither and there for that spiritual guidance which Jehovah withheld and at last by night in disguise was a suppliant before the witch of Endor, which sealed his destruction (1 Samuel 28; 1 Chronicles 10:13)
Abraham - Here, too, occurred the visit of the three angels, and the memorable intercession with the Angel-Jehovah for the inhabitants of Sodom, Genesis 18:1-33
Woman - code woman’s position is one of complete subordination, her rights are recognized and safeguarded in a way that prepares the soil for the growth of those higher conceptions which find utterance in Malachi’s declaration that divorce is hateful to Jehovah ( Ezra 2:16 ), and in the picture of the virtuous wife with which the Book of Proverbs concludes (ch
Intercession - And secondly, the Lord Jesus carrieth on this high office not only by a naked appearance in the presence of Jehovah for his people, but by pleading the merits and worth of his sacrifice and righteousness. Paul the apostle calls Christ's blood a speaking blood, (see Hebrews 12:24) and so it certainly is; for if, as the Lord said to Cain, "The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground," (Genesis 4:10) what a voice must there be in Christ's blood, crying as it cloth for mercy and salvation! Surely it speaks to God of God's faithfulness to his promises, and Christ's claim to his merits; and it speaks from God for our sure pardon, and all the blessings of redemption to Jehovah'S glory and Christ's and his church's triumph and happiness
Servant - The Matthew 12 passage by direct quotation, and the Acts 4 passages by implication, refer to the ideal "Servant of Jehovah" (Sept
Beersheba - Abraham planted here a" grove" ('eshel ) (distinct from the idol grove, Asheerah, or Astarte Baal), or tree, the tamarisk, long living, of hard wood, with long, clustering, evergreen leaves, as a type of the ever enduring grace of the faithful, covenant keeping God (Genesis 21:33), "and called on the name (the self manifested character and person) of Jehovah, the everlasting God
Banquets - At the three great religious feasts, when all the males appeared before Jehovah, the family had its feast, of which the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow had their share (Deuteronomy 16:11)
Nehemiah - Comforted by Jehovah
Holy Ghost - Names proper only to the Most High God are ascribed to him; as Jehovah, Acts 28:25 , with Is
Euphrates - As Babylon represents mystically the apostate church, so the waters of Euphrates, "where the whore sitteth" (in impious parody of Jehovah who "sitteth upon the flood"), represent the "peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues," which were her main support (Revelation 17:15-16)
Nebuchadnezzar - He is said to have worshipped the "King of heaven," Daniel 4:37, but it may be questioned whether he did not conceive of the Jehovah of the Hebrews to be only one of many gods
Prophet - These young men were taught not only the rudiments of secular knowledge, but they were brought up to exercise the office of prophet, "to preach pure morality and the heart-felt worship of Jehovah, and to act along and co-ordinately with the priesthood and monarchy in guiding the state aright and checking all attempts at illegality and tyranny
Uncleanness - It is as though Jehovah thereby would teach men that the "very hairs of their head were all numbered" before him and that "in his book were all their members written
Ed - The great altar of Ed also was an Israelite work, founded by Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh, to be a witness of their having a share in the national covenant and sanctuary of Jehovah
Measure - Great are thy works, Jehovah, infinite ...
Thy power what thought can measure thee? ...
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Ananias - The common fund which the first disciples voluntarily brought was a kind of firstfruits to the Lord in entering on possession of the spiritual Canaan, as Jericho's spoil was a firstfruit to Jehovah of the earthly Canaan
Exodus, the - Another expression is that Jehovah brought them out 'by their armies
Abimelech - It was thence named Beersheba, the well of the oath, and consecrated to Jehovah (Genesis 21:22-34)
Evil Spirits - The nearest approach to this is perhaps in Exodus 12:13 ; Exodus 12:23 , where Jehovah and the destroyer are apparently identified, though the language admits equally of the view that the destroyer is the agent of Jehovah’s will (cf
Nail - The whole frame of government, both in church and state, which the chosen people of God enjoyed, was the contrivance of his wisdom and the gift of his bounty; the foundations upon which it rested, the bonds which kept the several parts together, its means of defence, its officers and executors, were all the fruits of distinguishing goodness: even the oppressors of his people were a rod of correction in the hand of Jehovah, to convince them of sin, and restore them to his service
Samaritans - The new and mixed race indeed sent to Assyria for an Israelitish priest to teach them the law of Jehovah, and adopted in part the forms of the true religion; but most of them were but half converted from their native heathenism, Matthew 10:5 Luke 17:16-18
Curse, Cursing, Cursed, Accursed - Later it acquired the more general meaning of "the disfavor of Jehovah," e
Census - It was not so much the act which was faultworthy (for indeed the taking of the census was recognized in the pentateuch: Exodus 30:12) as the motive, trust in the arm of flesh instead of in Jehovah (Jeremiah 17:5). When David, after the plague sent for numbering the people, sacrificed upon an altar of burnt offering on the threshing floor of Araunah on mount Moriah, Jehovah by fire from heaven consecrated the place as "the house of God," even before the actual building of the temple (compare 1 Chronicles 22:1-2 with Genesis 28:17-19). The deliverance was the answer to David's prayer, Jehovah at the same time interceding; for while we pray below our Intercessor is pleading above (compare Psalms 30:8-10 with 1 Chronicles 21:15-18)
mo'Ses - (Exodus 32:18 ) The fragments of war-songs, probably from either him or his immediate prophetic followers, in (Numbers 21:14,15,27-30 ) preserved in the "book of the wars of Jehovah," (Numbers 21:14 ) and the address to the well. "So Moses the servant of Jehovah died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of Jehovah
Entry Into Jerusalem - ‘The kingdom of our father David’ recalls the grand ideal of the theocratic ruler, the representative of J"
Dalman suggests that the original cry of the people was ‘Hosanna, Blessed in the name of J" Psalms - For thus King David, at the close of his life, describes himself and his sacred songs: "David, the son of Jesse, said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. " It was the word, therefore, of Jehovah's Spirit which was uttered by David's tongue. But it should seem, the Spirit of Jehovah would not be wanting to enable a mere man to make complaint of his own enemies, to describe his own sufferings just as he felt them, and his own escapes just as they happened. But the Spirit of Jehovah described by David's utterance what was known to that Spirit only, and that Spirit only could describe. The other persons are Jehovah, sometimes as one, sometimes as another, of the three Persons; Christ in his incarnate state, sometimes before, sometimes after, his resurrection; the human soul of Christ as distinguished from the divine essence
Jesus Christ - Consider the works that are ascribed to Jesus Christ, and compare them with the claims of Jehovah. Observe the application of Old Testament passages which belong to Jehovah, to Jesus in the New Testament, and try whether you can acquit the writers of the New Testament of misrepresentation, on supposition that Jesus is not God. But what has John the Baptist to do with all this description if Jesus Christ be only a messenger of Jehovah, and not Jehovah himself? for Isaiah saith, Prepare ye the way of Jehovah
Hutchinsonians - The Hutchinsonians maintain that the great mystery of the trinity is conveyed to our understandings by ideas of sense; and that the created substance of the air, or heaven, in its three-fold agency of fire, light, and spirit, is the enigma of the one essence or one Jehovah in three persons. The Father is called a consuming fire; and his judicial proceedings are spoken of in words which denote the several actions of fire, Jehovah is a consuming fire...
Our God is a consuming fire, Deuteronomy 4:24
Jesus, the Lord - It signifies 'Jehovah the Saviour. ...
In Matthew we see Him as the Seed of promise, the Son of Abraham, and as the Son of David, the Heir of the throne of the Lord in Israel; He is also Emmanuel, the Jehovah of Israel
Moses - He is to make known to the people the name of Jehovah, and to attest his mission, as sent by the God of their fathers, by doing certain signs in their sight. ...
No trace of timidity is apparent in his dealings with Pharaoh, he boldly requests him to let the people go into the wilderness to sacrifice to Jehovah; but Pharaoh refused and made the burdens of the Israelites greater
Abraham - Abraham built an altar, and called upon the name of Jehovah. Again Jehovah declared that as far as Abraham's eye could reach in all directions the land should belong to his seed
Josiah - ("supported or healed by Jehovah". ...
In this same year, the 26th of his age, the 18th of his reign, Josiah and his people entered into a covenant to keep the law of Jehovah with all their heart and all their soul (2 Kings 23:3; 2 Chronicles 34:31-33)
Ten Commandments - The received symbol, then and at all times, of completeness, it taught the people that the law of Jehovah was perfect
Naphtali - Moses' blessing on Naphtali is (Deuteronomy 33:23), "Naphtali, satisfied with favor, and full with the blessing of Jehovah, possess thou the "sect" (yam ) and the sunny district" (not as KJV "the W
Altar - Altars were erected by Abraham (Genesis 12:7 ; 13:4 ; 22:9 ), by Isaac (Genesis 26:25 ), by Jacob (33:20; 35:1,3), and by Moses (Exodus 17:15 , "Jehovah-nissi")
Boasting - " The basic meaning of the word is "to praise, " as in the English word "hallelujah, " which means "praise Jehovah
Uriah - ("light of Jehovah"
Hebrew Language - The Hebrew terms for SIN; ATONEMENT; GOD; Jehovah , and many such theological ideas, must have conveyed to the Gentiles, wherever fragments of the Hob
Isaac - Now the Philistines come to him, admitting that they saw that Jehovah was blessing him, and they desired a covenant with him that he would do them no hurt
Atonement, Day of - On the two goats the lot was cast, and the one on whom the lot fell was for Jehovah, and was offered as a sin offering
Passover, the - Jehovah being about to cut off all the firstborn of Egypt, the Israelites were ordered to sprinkle the blood of a lamb, taken for each house, on the lintel and two side posts of their houses, and the promise was given, "The Lord will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you
Shepherd - ...
The shepherd's office represents Jehovah's tender care of His people (Psalm 23; Isaiah 40:11; Isaiah 49:9-10; Jeremiah 23:3-4; Ezekiel 34:11-12; Ezekiel 34:23). The shepherd had a mantle of sheepskin with the fleece on (Jeremiah 43:12), a wallet for food (1 Samuel 17:40), a sling such as the Bedouin still carries, a staff to ward off foes and to guide the flock with its crook (Psalms 23:4; Zechariah 11:7; so Jehovah "lifts up His staff against" His people's foes, Isaiah 10:1-24; His word is at once our prop of support and our defense against Satan)
Moon - The great luminary of the night, formed by Jehovah on the fourth day of creation, (Genesis 1:14-19) Philosophers speaks much of this planet, in respect of its magnitude, form, phases, tides, etc
Herodians - Herod had introduced several Heathen idolatrous usages; for, as Josephus says, he built a temple to Caesar, near the head of the river Jordan; he erected a magnificent theatre at Jerusalem, instituted Pagan games, and placed a golden eagle over the gate of the temple of Jehovah; and he furnished the temples, which he reared in several places out of Judea, with images for idolatrous worship, in order to ingratiate himself with the emperor and the people of Rome; though to the Jews he pretended that he did it against his will, and in obedience to the imperial command
Navel - " (Psalms 87:1) Christ himself indeed is the foundation Jehovah laid in Zion
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ - The appearances of Christ to the patriarchs are described like the appearance of an angel, or man really distinct from God; yet one, in whom God, or Jehovah, had a peculiar indwelling, or with whom the divine nature had a personal union,...
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Proselyte - Gentiles were allowed to worship and offer sacrifices to the God of Israel in the outer court of the temple; and some of them, persuaded of the sole and universal sovereignty of the Lord Jehovah, might renounce idolatry without embracing the Mosaic law; but such persons appear to me never to be called proselytes in Scripture, or in any ancient Christian writer
Church - The visible Israelitish church was divided into twelve tribes separated, yet to be united as the people of God: having one Scripture, one sacrifice, one Jehovah
Justice - In the land of Canaan, local magistrates were appointed for every city and village; and these were instructed to cooperate with the priests, as being all together under the theocracy, the actual government of Jehovah, the supreme Judge of Israel, Deuteronomy 16:18 17:8-10 19:17 21:16
Exodus, the - But the Pharaoh of that day rejected with scorn Moses and Aaron's application for leave to depart; "Who is Jehovah, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I know not Jehovah, neither will I let Israel go" (Exodus 5:2). Both Israel and the Egyptians were made experimentally to know Jehovah (Exodus 6:7; Exodus 7:5)
Rufus - ...
‘The daughter of Zion must pass through the pangs of labour before her true king is born; she must come forth from the city and dwell in the open field; there, and not within her proud ramparts, Jehovah will grant her deliverance from her enemies. A new David comes forth from little Bethlehem, and the rest of his brethren return to the children of Israel—that is, the kindred Hebrew nations again accept the sway of the new king, who stands and feeds his flock in the strength of Jehovah, in the majesty of the name of Jehovah his God. Then Assyria shall no longer insult Jehovah’s land with impunity’ (W
Adam (1) - ...
But the theory of an Elohist author for Genesis 1, and a Jehovist author for Genesis 2, distinct from Moses, on the ground that ELOHIM is the divine name in Genesis 1, but Jehovah ELOHIM in Genesis 2, is untenable. (Genesis 1) But Jehovah, the unchanging I AM (Exodus 6:3), in covenant with His people, always faithful to His promises to them, is just the name that the Spirit of God would suggest in describing His relation to man, once innocent, then fallen, then the object of an everlasting covenant of love. It is just one of the undesigned proprieties which confirm Scripture's divine origination, that the Jehovah of the covenant with the church is the ELOHIM of the world, and vice versa. Her perfect suitableness for him is marked by Jehovah's words, "I will make for him a help suitable as before him," according to his front presence: a helping being in whom, as soon as he sees her, he may recognize himself (Delitzsch)
Rufus - ...
‘The daughter of Zion must pass through the pangs of labour before her true king is born; she must come forth from the city and dwell in the open field; there, and not within her proud ramparts, Jehovah will grant her deliverance from her enemies. A new David comes forth from little Bethlehem, and the rest of his brethren return to the children of Israel—that is, the kindred Hebrew nations again accept the sway of the new king, who stands and feeds his flock in the strength of Jehovah, in the majesty of the name of Jehovah his God. Then Assyria shall no longer insult Jehovah’s land with impunity’ (W
Exodus - "It came to pass, that at midnight Jehovah smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt. " Pharaoh rose up in the night, and called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve Jehovah, as ye have said
Persia - ...
He condemns the notion of two independent eternal principles, good and evil, and makes the supreme God Creator of both (and that under Him the angel of light and the angel of darkness are in perpetual conflict) as Isaiah teaches, and in connection with the prophecy of Cyrus the Jews' deliverer from Babylon: "thus saith Jehovah to His anointed, Cyrus . " Mazdao, his name of Ormuzd, "I am that I am," answers to Jehovah in Exodus 3
Temptation - Psalms 26:2 ); and men test , or prove Jehovah when they act as if doubting whether His promise be true, or whether He is faithful to His revealed character ( Exodus 17:2 ; Exodus 17:7 , Numbers 14:22 , Psalms 106:14 ; cf
Pentateuch - The four documents are referred to respectively as J (because it speaks of God as Jehovah, or Yahweh), E (because it speaks of God as Elohim), D (because it bases its content on Deuteronomy) and P (because it deals mainly with matters of priestly interest)
Lot (1) - If there had been "ten" such "fellows" in Sodom Jehovah would have spared it (Genesis 18:32)
Gibeon - The deception practised on Joshua was detected three days later; but the oath rashly sworn "by Jehovah God of Israel" was kept, and the lives of the Gibeonites were spared
Beast - The hare and the coney represent really the rodentia ; (the Coney, or Hyrax, though a pachyderm, is linked with the hare, because externally resembling the rodentia;) swine, pachydermata ; "whatsoever goeth upon his paws," "all manner of beasts that go on all four," carnivora: only those of a limited district, and those at all possible to be used as food, are noticed, it is noteworthy that it is only "every animal of the field" that Jehovah brought to Adam to name, namely, animals in any way useful to man (Genesis 2:19), mainly the herbivora
Tithes - The "tithe" (terumot ) of all produce as also of flocks and cattle belonged to Jehovah
Turtle - The church calls herself, the Lord's turtle dove, (Psalms 74:19) and begs the Lord as such to keep her from her enemies; and Jesus calls the church his dove, (Song of Song of Solomon 2:14) as if in answer to this cry, and bids her see her security, for that she is in the cliffs of the rock—perhaps, meaning the secret decrees of Jehovah, or, in Christ, the rock of ages, or probably both
Generation - All these and the like phrases wholly refer to the Son of God, in his humbling himself as our Redeemer and Mediator, the God-man in one person, Christ Jesus; then begotten to this great design; the first in all Jehovah'S purposes for salvation. (1 Corinthians 11:3) He is Jehovah'S servant. So that both, in union with the Holy Ghost, form the one eternal undivided Jehovah, which was, and is, and is to come
Joshua - His piety, courage, and disinterested integrity are conspicuous throughout his whole history; and, exclusive of the inspiration which enlightened his mind and writings, he derived divine information, sometimes by immediate revelation from God, Joshua 3:7 ; Joshua 5:13-15 ; at others from the sanctuary, through the medium of Eleazar, the high priest, the son of Aaron, who, having on the breast plate, presented himself before the mercy seat on which the Shechinah, or visible symbol of the divine presence, rested, and there consulted Jehovah by the Urim and Thummim, to which an answer was returned by an audible voice
Jesus Christ - The name JESUS, in Hebrew JEHOSHUAH or Joshua, signifies Savior, or Jehovah saves
Zedeki'ah - (justice of Jehovah )
Joshua the Son of Nun - The name Joshua means ‘Yahweh (Jehovah) saves’
Jacob - ...
When sent forth by his parents to escape Esau, and to get a wife in Padan Aram, he for the first time is presented before us as enjoying God's manifestations at Bethel in his vision of the ladder set up on earth, and the top reaching heaven, with "Jehovah standing above, and the angels of God ascending and descending (not descending and ascending, for the earth is presupposed as already the scene of their activity) on it," typifying God's providence and grace arranging all things for His people's good through the ministry of "angels" (Genesis 28; Hebrews 1:14). ...
Recognizing God's manifestation as sanctifying the spot, he made his stony pillow into a pillar, consecrated with oil (See BETHEL), and taking up God's word he vowed that as surely as God would fulfill His promises (he asked no more than "bread and raiment") Jehovah should be his God, and of all that God gave he would surely give a tenth to Him; not waiting until he should be rich to do so, but while still poor; a pattern to us (compare Genesis 32:10). The most characteristic scene of Jacob's higher life was his wrestling until break of day (compare Luke 6:12) with the Angel of Jehovah, in human form, for a blessing. There followed therefore the wrestling "alone" with Jehovah (compare Matthew 14:23; Mark 1:35); his being named "Israel"; and his asking God's name, to which the only reply was, God "blessed him there
Lord's Supper. (i.) - The sacrificial system was held to be a means of grace, of Divine appointment, whereby the worshipper could approach Jehovah. Some, especially the earlier prophets, often seem to disparage offerings entirely, as though the only worship with which Jehovah is well pleased is the spiritual service of moral character and a contrite heart. Through its families—each a part of the larger whole—Israel entered annually into renewed covenant relationship with Jehovah, who had graciously preserved and ransomed the people. By ‘a masterpiece of practical skill as a teacher’ Jesus enshrines, in this symbolic action, for the spiritual representatives of the new Israel, the memory of its ransom through the death of Messiah, whereby a new covenant relationship with Jehovah is possible
Offerings, the - The sweet-savour offerings represent Christ's perfect offering of Himself to God, rather than the laying of sins on the substitute by Jehovah. Only a part of the flour and of the oil but all the frankincense was burnt upon the altar, as a sweet savour unto Jehovah: the rest was food for the priest and his sons, not his daughters. It is said of the peace offering that it 'pertains to Jehovah:' so all worship pertains to God: it is the fruit and expression of Christ in believers. This type was repeated yearly to maintain the relationship of the people with God, because the tabernacle of Jehovah remained among them in the midst of their uncleanness
Daniel - As Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego refuse positive homage to the world power's image, so Daniel refuses it even negative homage by omitting even for a few days worship to Jehovah. Jehovah's power manifested for the saints against the world first in individual histories (Daniel 3; 6) is exhibited next in worldwide prophetical pictures (Daniel 2 and Daniel 7). Thus, God secured the heathen's respect for His covenant people which found its culmination in Cyrus' decree for their restoration and the rebuilding of the temple of Jehovah, whom he confessed to be preeminently "THE God of heaven" (Ezra 1:1-4)
Stephen - ...
(4) That Solomon the builder of the temple recognized that which the Jews lose sight of, namely, that the Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands, as though His presence was confined to a locality (1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 2:6; 2 Chronicles 6:18), and which Jehovah through Isaiah (Isaiah 66:1) insists on. ...
Israel's being brought forth to worship Jehovah in Horeb, and subsequent worshipping Him in Canaan their inheritance, were but different stages in the same deliverance, not needing to be distinguished for Stephen's purpose
Exodus - They were constantly led by Jehovah, and the whole series of events is a constant succession of miracles. The people murmured, and were directed by Jehovah to turn back and wander in the desert, until the carcasses of that generation should all fall in the wilderness, Numbers 14:25
Passover And Feast of Unleavened Bread - The sacrifice is not to be offered in private dwellings, but ‘in the place which Jehovah shall choose to place his name there. ( c ) Other theories regard the observance as originating from domestic sacrifice to avert harm in times of pestilence, or from an ancient solemnization of a threshold covenant, when Jehovah was welcomed into a private dwelling
Hebrews - From this time they were governed in the name of Jehovah, by chiefs, judges, or patriarchal rulers, until the time of Samuel; when the government was changed to a monarchy, and Saul anointed king. Under Joshua and the judges, it continued nearly the same: the former being filled by the spirit which animated Moses, would undertake nothing without consulting Jehovah; and the latter were leaders, raised up by God himself, to deliver the Hebrews and govern in his name
Jonathan - ("Jehovah's gift". It marks how prone to idolatry were the Israelites, that the priest to Micah's images and afterward to the Danites was a Levite, whose special duty it was to maintain pure Jehovah's worship, and he a descendant of Moses himself! Idolatry begins with the people, it being natural to our sensuous cravings; then it seeks the sanction of the church. Micah began with robbery of his own mother; her curses extorted restitution; she as a meritorious act consecrated the money for a "graven image" (pecel ) and the "molten pedestal" (massecah ) on which it stood like Aaron's calf (Exodus 32:4), to be a representation of Jehovah; it was the forerunner of Jeroboam's calves long after and idol. With the self deceiving folly of idolaters Micah then said, "now I know that Jehovah will do me good seeing I have a Levite to my priest," as if a Levite's presence could bless where both priest and patron were apostates from the God of all blessing
Judah - Judah ("praise"), Leah having praised Jehovah for giving him; Jacob similarly refers to the meaning of Judah, "thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise" (Genesis 29:35; Genesis 49:8). Onan having been slain by Jehovah for unnatural sin, Shelah ought to have been given her; but Judah, from superstitious fear lest he too should die, delayed
Jesus Christ - In the very first promise of redemption, his superiority to that great and malignant spirit who destroyed the innocence of man, and blighted the fair creation of God, is unquestionably implied; while the Angel of the Divine Presence, the Angel of the Covenant, who appears so prominent in the patriarchal times, and the early periods of Jewish history, and was understood by the early Jews as the future Messiah, is seen at once as a being distinct from Jehovah and yet Jehovah himself; bearing that incommunicable name; and performing acts, and possessing qualities of unquestionable divinity. In Psalm cx, David says, "Jehovah said unto my Lord, ( Adonai, ) Sit thou upon my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool. " And in Isaiah vi, the same Adonai is seen by the prophet "seated upon a throne, high and lifted up," receiving the adoration of seraphs, and bearing the title, "Jehovah, Lord of Hosts," of which passage St. " Twice is he called by Jeremiah, "Jehovah our righteousness. " Thus the prophetic testimony describes him, as entitled to the appellation of "Wonderful," since he should be, in a sense peculiar to himself, the Son of God, Psalms 2:7 ; Isaiah 9:6 ; as existing and acting during the patriarchal and the Jewish ages, and even from eternity, Psalms 40:7-9 ; Micah 5:2 ; as the guardian and protector of his people, Isaiah 40:9-11 ; as the proper object of the various affections of piety, of devotional confidence for obtaining the most important blessings, and of religious homage from angels and men, Psalms 2:12 ; Psalms 97:7 ; and, finally, declares him to be the eternal and immutable Being, the Creator, God, the Mighty God, Adonai, Elohim, Jehovah
Mines - , the sense is, men can test and purify silver in the crucible, and gold in the furnace, but the hearts Jehovah (alone) trieth
Mephibosheth - Saul's son by Rizpah (2 Samuel 21:8); "crucified" (yaqah ; not talah , which would mean "hanged up") with six others before Jehovah by the Gibeonites to avert the famine; from barley harvest until the rains of October the bodies remained exposed to the sun (compare Numbers 25:4), but watched by Rizpah's pious care, and finally were committed to Kish's sepulchre
Rachel - Though fretful, cunning, and superstitions, Rachel still worshipped Jehovah; and after she had complained to her husband, and received his reproof, she turned in prayer to God, for we read "God remembered Rachel, and hearkened to her, and opened her womb" (compare 1 Samuel 1:19)
Hilkiah - ("Jehovah is my portion"
Obadiah, Theology of - This is the usual English rendering of the personal, covenant name of Yahweh/Jehovah, Israel's God
Gentleness (2) - But, to John’s intense disappointment, Jesus found His ideal and method not in these symbols of violence, but in the conception of the Servant of Jehovah, who did not strive or cry or lift up his voice in the streets, who did not break the bruised reed or quench the smoking flax (Matthew 12:19-20; cf
Zacchaeus - Jesus said then in respect to him, directing His words to the bystanders, "this day is salvation (embodied in Jesus, whose name means Jehovah Saviour) come to this house, forasmuch as he also is a son of Abraham, both by birth and by faith (Galatians 3:7; Romans 4:11-12; Romans 4:16)
Ammi - " And whose brethren and sisters were those but of the Lord Jesus? And were they not the Ammi and Ruhamah of Christ from everlasting? Jesus had a people whom he was not ashamed to call brethren, and whom in the council of peace from the womb of the morning, the Lord Jehovah promised to make willing, in the day of Christ's power
Ever, Everlasting - …” In other places, the word means “without beginning, without end, and evercontinuing”: “Trust ye in the Lord for ever: for in the Lord Jehovah is everlasting strength” ( Lord - ” The Tetragrammaton YHWH appears without its own vowels, and its exact pronunciation is debated (Jehovah, Yehovah, Jahweh, Yahweh)
Music - (1 Kings 4:32 ) But the temple was the great school of music, and it was consecrated to its highest service in the worship of Jehovah
Babylon - Well might we expect Jehovah to bring down vengeance on her crimes
Job - In the second part, the same order is observed and in the third also, except that after Job's reply to Bildad, the three friends have no more to urge, and instead of Zophar, a fourth friend named Elihu takes up the word; and the whole is concluded by the decision of Jehovah himself
Mountains - Mount Carmel summons us, like the prophet Elijah of old, not to "halt between two opinions;" but if Jehovah is God, to love and serve him
Pre-Existence - There are, however, traces of another and higher conception, in which the Messianic king tends to be identified or closely associated with the personal self-revelation of Jehovah
Magic, Divination, And Sorcery - The teaching of the inspired prophets of Jehovah was very different from that of the merely professional prophets and from the religion of the common people. Throughout pre-exilic times there was a struggle in Israel between the pure worship of Jehovah alone as inculcated by the great prophets, and the worship of ‘other gods,’ such as the local Canaanitish Baalim and idols in the homes of the people. Among the Alexandrian Jews, and later by the Alexandrian Gnostics, magic was much used, and the name of Jehovah in various forms entited into their spells and the inscriptions upon their amulets. 1 Samuel 2:18 ; 1 Samuel 22:18 ), but in other references it is considered by some to have been an image of gold representing Jehovah ( Judges 8:25 ; Judges 8:27 ; Judges 18:14 Immanuel - The purpose of Isaiah was to calm the terror of the people ( Isaiah 7:2 ), and to restore faith in Jehovah ( Isaiah 7:9 ). ‘Immanuel’ does not in itself imply that the child was regarded as God, but only that he was to be the pledge of the Divine presence, and endowed in a special sense with the spirit of Jehovah (cf
Angels - ) Often with "of God" or "Jehovah" added. ...
In the natural world angels minister, as in directing wind and flame (according to one translation of Psalms 104:4; Hebrews 1:7): "the angel of Jehovah" wrought in the plague on the Egyptian firstborn (Exodus 12:23; Hebrews 11:28), and on the rebels in the wilderness (1 Corinthians 10:10), on Israel under David (2 Samuel 24:16; 1 Chronicles 21:16), on Sennacherib's army (2 Kings 19:35), on Herod (Acts 12:23). They rescued at Jehovah's command righteous Lot from doomed Sodom, Jacob from his murderous brother (Genesis 19; 32)
Song of Solomon - " This declaration is associated with a day when she will call Jehovah Ishi (that is, husband), and shall no more call Him Baali (that is, master). This is the union spoken of, with which the words of affection, that pass between Christ as Jehovah and the remnant of Israel that will be brought into blessing, are in accord
Guilt - A like feature is observable in the attitude of the Philistines when restoring the sacred ‘ark of the covenant’ to the offended Jehovah. How widely diffused this special rite had become is evidenced by the numerous incidental references of Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 40:39 ; Ezekiel 42:13 ; Ezekiel 44:29 ; Ezekiel 46:20 ); while perhaps the most remarkable allusion to this service of restitution occurs in the later Isaiah, where the ideal Servant of Jehovah is described as a ‘guilt-offering’ ( Isaiah 53:10 )
Abram - Here he received in vision from Jehovah the further revelation that this was the land which his descendants should inherit. The sacrifice was stayed by the angel of Jehovah, the promises were again confirmed to him, the spiritual blessings in them being prominently exhibited; and, with gratitude which even the sacred historian does not attempt to describe, Abraham returned to Beer-sheba
Law - 1 Samuel 2:25 ; and, for the use of ‘Elohim’ to signify the judges speaking in Jehovah’s name, cf. It is wholly unwarrantable to say that the prophets condemned the sacrificial system, or denied its worth and Divine sanction; but, on the other hand, we are justified in asserting that the tôrah of Jehovah, ‘the law of the Lord,’ meant to the prophets something wholly different from the punctilious observance of traditional ceremonies; and what is more, they appeal without fear of contradiction to the contents of the Mosaic legislation as completely establishing their conviction that it was in the sphere of morality, rather than in the organizing of worship, that the essence of Jehovah’s law was to be found. The religion of Jehovah is not confined to worship, but is to be manifested in daily life: and as God’s love is the great outstanding fact in Israel’s history, so the true Israelite must show love for God, whom he has not seen, by loving his neighbour, whom he has seen. ...
( c ) The evangelical fervour with which the claims of Jehovah upon Israel’s devotion are urged. Ezekiel’s ideal city was named ‘Jehovah is there’ ( Ezekiel 48:35 ). All the laws, all the ceremonies, are intended to stamp this conviction indelibly upon Israel’s imagination, ‘Jehovah is there. The prophets realized the inadequacy of this legal system: it was no real appeal to man’s highest nature; it did not spring from the man’s own heart; and so they prophesied of the New Covenant when Jehovah’s laws should be written in the heart, and His sin-forgiving grace should remove all elements of servile fear (cf
Covenant - In entering into a convenant, Jehovah was solemnly called on to witness the transaction (Genesis 31:50 ), and hence it was called a "covenant of the Lord" (1 Samuel 20:8 )
Samuel - And how earnestly was the Lord Jesus asked by the Old Testament saints before his coming! How blessedly did Jehovah, in the opening of Samuel's life, point to the Lord Jesus as the faithful Priest he would raise up, who should do according to all that was in his heart! (1 Samuel 2:35) And what a delightful view doth the prophet Samuel exhibit, as typical of the Lord Christ, under the several offices he sustained, not only as prophet, as Priest and as Judge in Israel!...
Haggai - Haggai first, and Zechariah two months later, were commissioned by Jehovah (Haggai 1:1) in Darius' (Hystaspes) second year, 520 B
Darius - ...
Darius in his decree in Ezra (Ezra 6) writes as might have been expected from the Zoroastrian Darius of secular history; he calls the Jews' temple "the house of God," Jehovah "the God of heaven," and solicits their prayers "for the life of the king and of his sons
Jehoahaz - His persevering in his father's sin, namely, the worship of Jeroboam's calves, and his leaving the Asherah still standing in Samaria from the time of Ahab (1 Kings 16:33), brought on Israel Jehovah's anger more than in Jehu's time; for the longer sin is persevered in, the heavier the final reckoning, an accumulated entail of guilt descends (Exodus 20:5). "Jehovah hearkened unto him," Israel's oppression moving God's pity, irrespective of Israel's merits (2 Kings 14:25-26)
Reuben - By a solemn protestation of their not intending political or religious schism in the name of 'Εel ," the Strong One", Εlohim "the Supreme Being" to be feared, and Jehovah "the covenant God", they disabused Israel's mind of suspicion
Veil of the Temple - This veil given to Olympian Zeus at Elis may have been the very veil taken by Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) from the temple of Jehovah (1 Maccabees 1:22-24; Josephus, Jehovah's veil in the temple of Olympian Zeus; for this was the very god to whom he dedicated the temple at Jerusalem, after defiling and plundering it (2 Maccabees 6:2)
Wonders - Elsewhere in the NT it is found once in a quotation from Joel to represent the marvels wrought by Jehovah in the heaven (Acts 2:19), and twelve times in reference to miracles wrought by Moses (Acts 7:36), by Jesus (Acts 2:22), by the man of sin (2 Thessalonians 2:9), and by the Apostles and early missionaries (Acts 2:43; Acts 4:30; Acts 5:12; Acts 6:8; Acts 14:3; Acts 15:12, Romans 15:19, 2 Corinthians 12:12, Hebrews 2:4)
ir-ha-Heres - In Isaiah 19:18 the name to be given in the ideal future to one of the ‘five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan, and swear to Jehovah of hosts’; AV Minister - Hebrews 1:7 ; Hebrews 1:14 ), but, above all, of the priests and Levites as the servants of Jehovah in Tabernacle and Temple ( Exodus 28:35 , 1 Kings 8:11 , Ezra 8:17 , and constantly)
Gilgal - Moses, himself under sentence to die, did not venture on the steppes of Moab to direct the circumcision of the younger generation without Jehovah's command. ...
The "reproach of Egypt rolled off" is (like "the reproach of Moab" Zephaniah 2:8, and "Syria" Ezekiel 16:57) that heaped on Israel by Egypt, namely, that Jehovah had brought them into the wilderness to slay them (Exodus 32:12; Numbers 14:13-16; Deuteronomy 9:28)
Elijah (2) - ...
The belief in the reappearance of Elijah, held by the Jews of NT times, is a later stage of the belief which is expressed in Malachi 4:5 [1]: he would come before the great day of Jehovah to reconcile the hearts of parents and children
Zechariah - One of Judah's princes under Jehoshaphat, sent to teach the law of Jehovah in Judah's cities (2 Chronicles 17:7)
Fasting - ...
National fasts are alluded to in 1 Samuel 7:6 (wherein the drawing of water and pouring it out before Jehovah expressed their confession of powerlessness and utter prostration: Psalms 22:14; Psalms 58:7; 2 Samuel 14:14); 2 Chronicles 20:3; Jeremiah 36:6-10; Nehemiah 9:1; Joel 1:14; Joel 2:15
Messiah - And it is very blessed to behold in the Scriptures of truth the testimony of Jehovah to this grand doctrine of Christ the Messiah, as the Christ of God
Nineveh - It was the power used by God to carry out His indignation against Israel: it is thus called "the rod of mine anger," and the indignation of Jehovah against His land and people ceases in the destruction of the Assyrian — a reference to some power in the last days which will morally succeed to the character of the Assyrian, and be destroyed subsequent to Babylon
Joseph - ...
As Joseph was the beloved son of Jacob, and distinguished by his father with special tokens, of his affection, and which excited the envy of his brethren; so Christ, the beloved and only begotten son of God, by means of that distinguishing token of Jehovah, in setting him up, the Head of his body the church, and giving him a kingdom, in his glorious character of Mediator, called forth, as is most generally believed, that war we read of in heaven in the original rebellion of angels
Bethesda - Hail! thou glorious Healer! Jehovah Rophe of thy people! (Exodus 15:26)...
Goat - Hence Jehovah is represented by the prophet, as "laying upon him the iniquity of us all
Captives - " The daughter of Zion had indulged in all the softness of oriental luxury; but the offended Jehovah should cause her unrelenting enemies to drag her forth from her secret chambers into the view of an insolent soldiery; strip her of her ornaments, in which she so greatly delighted; take away her splendid and costly garments, discover her nakedness, and compel her to travel in that miserable plight to a far distant country, a helpless captive, the property of a cruel lord
Promise - Driver renders ‘according as thou hast vowed freely unto Jehovah, thy God, that which thou hast spoken (promised) with thy mouth’ ( ICC Isaiah - The prophet first consoles his people by announcing their deliverance from the approaching Babylonish exile, which he had himself predicted, Isaiah 39:6,7 ; he names the monarch whom Jehovah will send to punish the insolence of their oppressors, and lead back the people to their home
Phoeni'ce, Phoenic'ia - When the simple-minded Jews, therefore, came in contact with a people more versatile and apparently more enlightened than themselves, but who nevertheless, either in a philosophical or in a popular form admitted a system of Polytheism an influence would be exerted on Jewish minds tending to make them regard their exclusive devotion to their own one God Jehovah, however transcendent his attributes, as unsocial and morose
Apocalyptic Literature - Among the Hebrews its forerunner was the description of the Day of Jehovah . On that day, the prophets taught, Jehovah was to punish the enemies of Israel and to establish His people as a world power. Its purpose was fundamentally to encourage faith in Jehovah on the part of those who were in distress, by ‘revealing’ the future
Nahum - Jehovah as the jealous Avenger is the opening theme. ‘What think ye of Jehovah?’ ( Nahum 1:9 , where RV Antichrist - ) Distinct from the" little horn" of Daniel 8, which is connected with the third, not the fourth, kingdom; ANTIOCHUS Epiphanes, of the Syrian fourth part of the divided Graeco-Macedonian or third kingdom, who persecuted the Jews, prohibited circumcision, and substituted the worship of Jupiter Olympius, with whom he identified himself as if God, instead of that of Jehovah, in the templeat Jerusalem. Adonijah, bearing the name of the Lord Jehovah, rose up against the Lord's anointed, and so is a type of Antichrist
Salt - And what gives a strong leading feature to the whole was this, that this was called "the salt of the covenant of Jehovah. There is indeed a process of art now used for refining salt, and making it minister to various ways of usefulness; but the rock salt in its own pure nature is not of human production nor contrivance; like the earth itself, it is of Jehovah'S forming. " (1 Corinthians 10:26) Such then is Christ, Jehovah'S own providing for curing the souls of his people. Jehovah is very jealous of his honour
Sabbath - The 12 loaves of shewbread representing the offerings of the 12 tribes symbolized the good works which they should render to Jehovah; diligence in His service receiving fresh quickening on the day of rest and holy convocation before Him. The Sabbath was further a "sign" or sacramental pledge between Jehovah and His people, masters and servants alike resting, and thereby remembering the rest from Egyptian service vouchsafed by God
Feasts - The now ripe wheat, before being cut, was sanctified by its firstfruits, namely two loaves of fine flour, being offered to Jehovah. ...
(1) The Passover commemorated the deliverance out of Egypt when Jehovah passed over Israel, protecting them from the destroying angel and sparing them, and so achieving for them the first step of independent national life as God's covenant people
Isaiah - The name of Isaiah, as Vitringa has remarked after several preceding commentators, is in some measure descriptive of his high character, since it signifies the salvation of Jehovah; and was given with singular propriety to him, who foretold the advent of the Messiah, through whom "all flesh shall see the salvation of God," Isaiah 40:5 ; Luke 3:6 ; Acts 4:12 . How forcible, says Bishop Lowth, is this imagery, how diversified, how sublime! How elevated the diction, the figures, the sentiments! The Jewish nation, the cedars of Lebanon, the ghosts of departed kings, the Babylonish monarch, the travellers who find his corpse, and last of all Jehovah himself, are the characters which support this beautiful lyric drama
Carmel - An altar of Jehovah had existed on Carmel before that Baal worship was introduced; Jezebel had east it down (1 Kings 28:30); this Elijah repaired and used as the altar for his sacrifice
Marriage - In the New Testament the image of the bridegroom is transferred from Jehovah to Christ, Matthew 9:15; John 3:29, and that of the bride to the church
Inspiration - That One can only have been the Almighty — Jehovah — now happily revealedto the Christian as his Father as well as his God
Samuel, Second Book of - It is sad that the last public act of David should be one of sin, but it must be observed that the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel, and God punished their rebellion by allowing Satan to act upon the pride of David's heart to number Israel
Ancestor-Worship - The evidence adduced for Ancestor-worship as a stage in the religious development of Israel proceeds on these lines:...
( a ) Sacrifices were offered at Hebron to Abraham, and at Shechem to Joseph, long before these places were associated with the worship of Jehovah
Shewbread - ...
They represented the 12 tribes before Jehovah perpetually, (see Revelation 21:12) in token that He was always graciously accepting His people and their good works, for whom atonement had been made by the victims on the altar outside
Eagle - But as we well know, and all redeemed souls rejoice in the glorious consolation, it was Jesus both"bare our sins, and carried our sorrows, when the Lord Jehovah laid on him the iniquity of us all,"the Lord's making use of one of the unclean creatures, in a similitude to himself, may not be supposed unaptly to represent this unequalled mercy? Connect with this view, what the gospel saith, (2 Corinthians 5:21 and Galatians 3:13) and let the reader judge the fitness of the observation
Belshazzar - During the period that the Jews were in captivity at Babylon, a variety of singular events concurred to prove that the sins which brought desolation on their country, and subjected them for a period of seventy years to the Babylonish yoke, had not dissolved that covenant relation which, as the God of Abraham, Jehovah had entered into with them; and that any act of indignity perpetrated against an afflicted people, or any insult cast upon the service of their temple, would be regarded as an affront to the Majesty of heaven, and not suffered to pass with impunity, though the perpetrators were the princes and potentates of the earth
Old Testament (i. Christ as Fulfilment of) - As the prophet taught (Isaiah 50:10) that those loyal to Jehovah should obey His representative, so did Jesus when He combined such sayings as ‘He that doeth the will of my Father’ (Luke 24:26-27), and ‘He that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them’ (Matthew 7:24, Luke 6:45-49). Words uttered by Him when the Greeks sought to see Him (John 12:32), were an assumption to Himself personally of the universal significance for human history which the prophets (Isaiah 11:9, Habakkuk 2:14) had claimed for the religion of Jehovah. Moses had been able to add new elements of meaning to Israel’s conception of God in connexion with the name ‘Jehovah. This enlargement came in part from replacing the name ‘Jehovah’ by the name ‘Father,’ partly by the assumption on His part of a unique Sonship into which none of His disciples might enter (Matthew 11:27), partly by the new place given to the Spirit which was no more than adumbrated in the OT
Sorrow, Man of Sorrows - It belongs, in fact, to popular rather than to technical phraseology, expressing in picturesque form what the theologian means by speaking of Christ as the ‘Suffering Servant of Jehovah. The national mission of the Son of David had passed into the world-wide mission of the Servant of Jehovah,† Logos - In the Psalms and Prophets, again, a personification of the word of Jehovah is common ( e. The most that can he said is that the doctrine of the Prologue reflects a tendency of Jewish thought, finding its roots in the OT, to conceive of the Divine self-revelation as mediated by the personified Wisdom or Word of Jehovah
Aaron - In this instance the image was dedicated to Jehovah the true God; but the guilt consisted in an attempt to establish image worship, which, when even ultimately referring to God, he has forbidden. In entering into the holy place on the great day of atonement, and reconciling the people to God; in making intercession for them, and pronouncing upon them the blessing of Jehovah, at the termination of solemn services
Tabernacles, the Feast of - 4,5; again, after the rebuilding of the temple by Ezra, (Nehemiah 8:13-18 ) and a third time by Judas Maccabaeus when he had driven out the Syrians and restored the temple to the worship of Jehovah
Kiss - Thus the kiss of reverence or adoration, whether in religious veneration of Jehovah, or whether used in idolatrous worship, was meant to convey every thing that was dutiful, obedient, and affectionate
Body - Under the spirit of prophecy, Jesus declared, ages before his incarnation, Jehovah had provided a body for his assumption
Nazarite - "Separation unto Jehovah (Numbers 6:2) is the radical idea
Damascus - ...
Isaiah (Isaiah 17:1) and Amos (Amos 1:4) had prophesied that Damascus should be "taken away from being a city, and should be a ruinous heap," that Jehovah should "send a fire into the house of Hazael, which should devour the palaces of Benhadad"; and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 49:24-25) that "Damascus is waxed feeble
She'Chem - (Joshua 21:20,21 ) It acquired new importance as the scene of the renewed promulgation of the law, when its blessings were heard from Gerizim and its curses from Ebal, and the people bowed their heads and acknowledged Jehovah as their king and ruler
Circumcision - Jehovah consecrated the nation to Himself; and whatsoever male was not circumcised on the eighth day was liable to be "cut off
Covenant, Book of the - Whoever sacrifices to any other god than Jehovah is to be placed under the ban ( Exodus 22:20 )
Greatness - It is used both relatively, in passages which suggest a comparison between His powers and those of such OT heroes as Jacob (John 4:12), Jonah and Solomon (Matthew 12:41-42), and Abraham or the prophets (John 8:53); and in an absolute sense, with reference to the esteem in which He was to be held in the eyes of Jehovah (Luke 1:32)
Holy One - —To men familiar with the OT expressions ‘the Holy One’ and ‘the Holy One of Israel,’ as describing God Himself, it would seem almost impossible that the expression could have been used of Christ without a distinct desire to connect His title with that of Jehovah
Jacob - He made a vow that if God would bless him and bring him back in peace, Jehovah should be his God
Absalom - ...
Nathan's mission from Jehovah to David, announcing that the Lord loved the child, and that his name therefore was to be Jedidiah, "beloved of the Lord," implied Jehovah's choice of Solomon as successor to David (2 Samuel 12:24-25)
Samuel, the Books of - On the contrary the writer of 1 and 2 Kings stigmatizes the high places to Jehovah and blames the kings who sanctioned or connived at them (1 Kings 15:14; 1 Kings 22:43; 2 Kings 12:3; 2 Samuel 21:15-1715; 2 Kings 15:4; 2 Kings 15:35; 2 Kings 16:4; 2 Kings 21:3)
Antichrist - Their hostility was regarded as extending not only to the Jews as a nation, but as heathen, to Jehovah himself, and particularly to His plans for the Jewish people
Antiochus - His motives were probably more political than religious, but as a part of his programme he undertook to compel the Jews to worship heathen gods as well as, if not in place of, Jehovah
Jephtha - "All souls are mine, (saith Jehovah,) as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine
Separate - ...
In prophetic literature, the verb nâzar indicates Israel’s deliberate separation from Jehovah to dedication of foreign gods or idols
Jacob - He made a vow that if God would bless him and bring him back in peace, Jehovah should be his God
Idolatry, - During the lives of Joshua and the elders who outlived him they kept true to their allegiance; but the generation following who knew not Jehovah nor the works he had done for Israel, swerved from the plain path of their fathers and were caught in the toils of the foreigner
Urim And Thummim - Others suppose, that the Urim and Thummim were something enclosed between the folding of the breastplate; this some will have to be the tetragrammaton, or the word יהוה , Jehovah
Agur - In the names Eve, Cain, Seth, Noah, &c, before alluded to; in the appellation Nabal; in the enigmatical names in the first chapter of Hosea; in the descriptive names given to places, as Beer-sheba, Jehovah-jireh, Peniel, Bethel, Gilgal; and in many other instances, the meaning of the terms is either explained, or the circumstances are mentioned which led to their selection
Palm Tree - Those that are planted in the house of Jehovah, In the courts of our God, shall flourish; ...
In old age they shall still put forth buds, They shall be full of sap and vigorous
Propitiation - The blood of an unblemished victim, obtained by slaughter, was sprinkled on the altar, or otherwise presented to Jehovah (cf
Job, Book of - (Job 38:41 ) From the midst of the storm Jehovah speaks
Idol - Against the worst, that of having other gods besides Jehovah the one only God, the first commandment is directed. "...
Polytheism ancient and modern is willing to grant Jehovah the first place among deities; but He will have none "in His presence" which is everywhere (Psalms 139:7). Israel's idolatry was not merely an abomination in God's sight, as that of the Gentiles, but spiritual "adultery" against Jehovah her Husband (Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 3:14; Ezekiel 16). But traces appeared still in their partially adopting Greek idolatry and usages for worldly compromise, just before Antiochus Epiphanes' attempt to overthrow Jehovah's worship (1 Maccabees 1:43-54)
Canon of the Old Testament - The religious leaders of the people must have had definite convictions as to the attributes of Jehovah before they could judge whether any given prophet or document were true or false. All parties agreed that this Lawbook should constitute a solemn league and coveoant between themselves and Jehovah. The grounds of its acceptance are its inherent spiritual power, the conviction it produced that it truly expressed the will of Jehovah, and also its connexion with the great name of Moses
Babel - (in condescension to human language), Jehovah took judicial cognizance of their act: their "go to, let us," etc. (Genesis 11:3-4), Jehovah with stern irony meets with His "Go to, let us," etc. The one primitive language is now lost, dispersed amidst the various tongues which have severally appropriated its fragments, about to rise again with reunited parts in a new and heavenly form when Jehovah will "turn to the people a pure language, that they may all call upon the name of Jehovah, to serve Him with one consent" (Zephaniah 3:9)
Egypt - -The plagues were all directed against the Egyptian goes, from whom Israel was thus being weaned, at the same time that Jehovah's majesty was vindicated before Egypt, and His people's deliverance extorted from their oppressors. The sixth, the boils from ashes sprinkled toward the heaven, was a challenge to Neit, "the great mother queen of highest heaven," if she could stand before Jehovah, also a reference to the scattering of victims' ashes to the wind in honor of Sutech or Typhon; human sacrifices at Hellopolis, offered under the shepherd kings, had been abolished by Amosis I, but this remnant of the old rite remained; Jehovah now sternly reproves it 'by Moses' symbolic act. ...
The seventh, the hail, thunder, and lightning; man, beast, herb, and tree were smitten, so that Pharaoh for the first time recognizes Jehovah as God; "Jehovah is righteous, and I and my people are wicked" (Exodus 9:27)
Olives, Mount of - "The glory of Jehovah went up from the city and stood upon the mountain on its E. " Its return into the house of Jehovah shall be "from the way of the E
Session - Chama, In the time to come the Holy One, Blessed be He, causes the King Messiah to sit at His right hand, according as it is said, “The utterance of Jehovah to my Lord, Sit Thou on My right hand,” and Abraham on His left. And the face of Abraham grows pale, and he says, “The son of my son sits on the right hand, but I on the left”; and the Holy One, Blessed be He, appeases him, and says, “The son of thy son is at My right hand, but I am at thy right hand”: and this is implied by (ביכול), “Jehovah upon thy right hand
Prayer - In Seth's days, when Enos (frailty) was born to him, "men began to call upon the name of Jehovah. While the Cainites by building a city and inventing arts were founding the kingdom of this world, the Sethites by united calling upon Jehovah constituted the first church, and laid the foundation of the kingdom of God
Korah - ...
Dathan and Abiram, their wives and children, stood at the door of their tents as though defying Moses to do his worst, when Moses by Jehovah's command told the people to get up from about the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, i. Fire from Jehovah (probably from the altar, Leviticus 10:1-7) consumed Korah and the 250 incense offerers who were apart "at the door of the tabernacle" (Numbers 16:18-19; Numbers 16:33-35)
Ahaz - Isaiah and Shear-jashub his son (whose name means "the remnant shall return" was a pledge that, notwithstanding; heavy calamity, the whole nation should not perish), together met Ahaz by Jehovah's direction at the end of the conduit of the upper pool, and assured him that Rezin's and Pekah's evil counsel should not come to pass; nay, that within 65 years Ephraim (Israel) should cease to be a people. The feeble Ahaz, retributively" brought low," even as he had "made naked" (stripped of the true defense, Jehovah, 2 Kings 16:15-1647 by sin) Judah, sought deliverance by becoming Tiglath Pileser's vassal (1 Kings 16:7-10)
Monotheism - The bitter experiences of exile and suffering on the one hand, and on the other the lofty teachings of prophets and men of God, had eradicated all tendencies to polytheism, and had fixed immovably in the conscience and conviction of the entire nation the faith that Jehovah was the one God of the whole earth
Dibon - The phrase of "Mesha" (named on the stone just as we read it 2 Kings 3:4-27), "Chemosh let me see my desire upon all my enemies," is word for word, substituting Jehovah for the idol of apostate Moab, David's phrase (Psalms 59:10)
Vine - Israel is the vine brought out of Egypt, and planted by Jehovah in the land of promise (Psalms 80:8; compare Isaiah 27:2-3)
Hosea - In Hosea 2:8 he makes no allusion to Jehovah's restoration of Israel's coasts under Jeroboam among Jehovah's mercies to Israel. He declares throughout that a return to Jehovah is the only remedy for the evils existing and impending: the calf worship at Bethel, established by Jeroboam, must be given up (Hosea 8:5-6; Hosea 10:5; Hosea 13:2); unrighteousness toward men, the necessary consequence of impiety towards God, must cease, or sacrifices are worthless (Hosea 4:2; Hosea 6:6, based on Samuel's original maxim, 1 Samuel 15:22). Hosea's taking her back after adultery (Hosea 3), at the price of a slave, marks Israel's extreme degradation and Jehovah's unchangeable love yet about to restore her
Travel (2) - Travellers had usually some definite object in view; Abraham seeking for a home at the command of Jehovah (Genesis 12:1 ff
Spitting - Think often of him who hid not his face from shame and spitting; and in the moment of such views of his unequalled shame and ignominy, recollect that when Jehovah brought in this first-begotten into the world, he said, "Let all the angels of God worship him
Food - The cutting of flesh, with the blood, from the living animal (as has been practiced in Africa), and the eating of blood either apart from or in the flesh, were prohibited, because "the soul (nephesh ) of the flesh is in the blood, and I (Jehovah) have ordained it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls; for it is the blood which makes atonement by means of the soul" (Leviticus 17:11-12). " Moreover, the pagan consumed blood in their sacrifices, in contrast to Jehovah's law, which would make His people the more shrink from any seeing conformity to their ways
Gift, Giving - The spiritual religion realized that Jehovah’s favour did not depend on these things ( Isaiah 1:1-31 , Psalms 50:1-23 ), still more that He was not to be bribed. Paul quotes from Psalms 68:19 , where the point is the homage which Jehovah receives from vanquished foes, and applies the words to the gifts which the victorious Christ has won for His Church
Feasts - And thus while each and every one hath the special and distinct acts of praise given to them, for the special acts of grace and mercy shewn to the church in Christ, the whole form one and the same glorious object of adoration, love, and praise, as the eternal undivided Jehovah, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, both to the church on earth, and in heaven, to all eternity
Offerings - So called from the sacrifice being lifted up toward heaven, in token of its being devoted to Jehovah
Lebanon - " To break the cedars, and shake the enormous mass on which they grow, are the figures that David selects to express the awful majesty and power of Jehovah: "The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty
Flies - If the prediction be understood in the literal sense, it represents the oestra or cincinellae, as the armies of Jehovah, summoned by him to battle against his offending people; or, if it be taken metaphorically, which is perhaps the proper way of expounding it, the prophet compares the numerous and destructive armies of Babylon to the countless swarms of these flies, whose distant hum is said to strike the quadrupeds with consternation, and whose bite inflicts, on man and beast, a torment almost insupportable
Heaven - It is an opinion not destitute of probability, that the construction of the tabernacle, in which Jehovah dwelt by a visible symbol, termed "the cloud of glory," was intended to be a type of heaven
Shechem - It is first mentioned in the history of Abraham, who here erected his first altar in Canaan, and took possession of the country in the name of Jehovah, Genesis 12:6 33:18,19 35:4
Prophets - ...
The Old Testament prophets were special agents of Jehovah, raised up and sent as occasion required, to incite to duty, to convict of sin, to call to repentance and reformation, to instruct kings, and denounce against nations the judgments of God, 2 Kings 17:13 Jeremiah 25:4
Joel - ("Jehovah is God". Their fourfold invasion is to be the last before Jehovah's glorious deliverance (Joel 2:18-20, etc. Destruction of the apostate nations confederate against Israel on the one hand; and Jehovah's dwelling as Israel's God in Zion, and Judah abiding for ever, on the other, so that fountains of blessing from His house shall flow, symbolized by waters, milk, and new wine
Government of the Hebrews - Accordingly, the land of Canaan, which was destined to be occupied by them, was declared to be the land of Jehovah, of which he was to be the king, and the Hebrews merely the hereditary occupants. The people were taught to feel that the tabernacle was not only the temple of Jehovah, but the palace of their King; that the priests were the royal servants, and were bound to attend not only to sacred but to secular affairs, and were to receive, as their salary, the first tithes, which the people, as subjects, were led to consider a part of that revenue which was due to God, their immediate Sovereign. David, through the agency of Samuel, was selected by Jehovah for king, who thus gave a proof that he still retained, and was disposed to exercise, the right of appointing the ruler under him, 1 Samuel 16:1-3
Propitiation (2) - In Luke 22:37 He identifies Himself with the Servant of Jehovah of Isaiah 53, as ‘he was reckoned with the transgressors. John also identifies Him with the Suffering Servant of Jehovah of Isaiah 53, in John 12:38. The words of the Baptist: ‘Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world’ (John 1:29), probably also are in terms of Isaiah 53:5, as the Servant of Jehovah, ‘bruised for our iniquities,’ like the sacrificial lamb, endured death silently
Church (2) - Covenants were at first made with individuals and families; but with the beginning of Jewish nationality there is a consciousness of a peculiar relation between the nation and Jehovah. The idea of a national God was, of course, shared by the Jews with all the nations with which they came into contact; but as their conception of the Deity advanced, and their religion developed through monolatry into a pure monotheism, the idea of Jehovah as a national God passed into the idea of the selection of Israel by the one God of all the earth for a special destiny and special privileges. But, on the other hand, the great acts which Jehovah Himself had performed for the Jewish nation, in virtue of which He Himself had been regarded as their King, Christ performed for a new nation. Jehovah had called Abraham and the patriarchs, and had attached them to Himself by intimate ties and covenants, and out of their seed had formed a nation which He ruled; and, in the second place, He had given this nation His own law
God - The proof rests on facts recorded in the history of the Jews, from which it appears that they were always victorious and prosperous so long as they served the only living and true God, Jehovah, the name by which the Almighty made himself known to them, and uniformly unsuccessful when they revolted from him to serve other gods. What argument could be so effectual to convince them that there was no god in all the earth but the God of Israel? The sovereignty and universal providence of the Lord Jehovah are proved by predictions delivered by the Jewish prophets, pointing out the fate of nations and of empires, specifying distinctly their rise, the duration of their power, and the causes of their decline; thus demonstrating that one God ruled among the nations, and made them the unconscious instruments of promoting the purposes of his will. He is יהוה , Jehovah, self-existing; אל , EL, strong, powerful; אהיה , EHIEH, I am, I will be, self- existence, independency, all-sufficiency, immutability, eternity; שדי , SHADDAI, almighty, all-sufficient; אדן , ADON, Supporter, Lord, Judge. He is not only Jehovah, self-existent, and EL, the strong or mighty God; but he is, says Dr
Jerusalem - This choice was under the direction of Jehovah (Deuteronomy 12:5-21; 1 Kings 11:36); henceforth it was "the city of the Great King" (Matthew 5:35), "the holy city" (Nehemiah 11:18), the spiritual as well as civil capital. The preparation for this transference was made by David's sacrificing in the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite, where he saw the Angel of Jehovah after the plague, and where he was directed by God to rear an altar (2 Samuel 24:16-25; 1 Chronicles 21; 1 Chronicles 22:1; 2 Chronicles 3:1; Psalms 76:1-2; Psalms 132:13-18). Rehoboam at once surrendered all the treasures of Jehovah's house, and of the palace, including Solomon's 300 golden shields (three pounds in each) in the house of the forest of Lebanon (1 Kings 10:17), for which Rehoboam substituted brazen shields. Asa also rebuilt Jehovah's altar before the porch (2 Chronicles 15:8). In punishment for his walking in the Israelite Ahab's idolatries instead of the ways of his father, and for his slaying his brothers, Jehovah smote him with a great stroke, stirring up the spirit of the Philistines and the Arabians near the Ethiopians to break into Judah, slay all his sons except the youngest (in retributive justice both to himself and his sons: 2 Chronicles 21:4; 2 Chronicles 21:10-20; 2 Chronicles 22:1; 2 Chronicles 24:7), and carry away all the substance in the king's house, and his wives; he himself also died of sore disease by Jehovah's visitation, and was excluded from "the sepulchres of the kings," though buried in the city of David
Jesus Christ - ) ("Jehovah salvation"); for "He Himself (autos , not merely like Joshua He is God's instrument to save) saves His people from their sins" (Matthew 1:21). wall pinnacle, then 180 feet above the valley before soil accumulated, or the topmost ridge of the royal portico, to test God's power and faithfulness, would be Israel's sin in "tempting Jehovah, saying, Is Jehovah among us or not?" though having had ample proofs already (Exodus 17:7; Psalms 78:18-20; Psalms 78:41; Deuteronomy 6:16, which Jesus quotes)
Wilderness of the Wanderings - ...
At the first encampment they were at Kadesh for at least the 40 days of the spies' search (Numbers 13:25); here Moses and the tabernacle remained (Numbers 14:44) when the people presumptuously tried to occupy the land in spite of Jehovah's sentence dooming all above 20 to die in the wilderness (the name Kadesh, "holy," may be due to the long continuance of the holy tabernacle there). He cries to Jehovah (Exodus 15:25) who in answer shows him the tree of life, whose leaves are for the healing of the nations, the cross of Christ which through faith by the operation of the Holy Spirit sweetens every bitter (Ruth 1:20 margin; John 16:14; Revelation 22:2). ...
Still Jehovah withdraws not His pillar of cloud and fire
Nehemiah - Psalm 125 belongs to the same period, encouraging the godly to persevere, "for they that trust in Jehovah shall be as Mount Zion which cannot be removed," for they have "Jehovah round about" them "as the mountains are round about Jerusalem," and "the sceptre (rod) of the wicked (Persia, the world power then) shall not (always) remain upon the lot of righteous" Israel, lest, patient faith giving way (Psalms 73:13), God's people should relieve themselves by unlawful means (Isaiah 57:16); "putting forth the hands" is said of presumptuous acts, as in Genesis 3:22
Ezra, the Book of - He identifies "the Lord God of heaven" with the Jehovah of the Jews. ...
The Jewish temple he calls "the house of God," and Jehovah "the God of heaven"; he approves as a Zoroastrian of sacrifices to the Supreme Being, desires their prayers for himself and "his sons" (Herodotus i
Law - "The ten commandments" (Hebrew words, Exodus 34:28) are frequently called "the testimony," namely, of Jehovah against all who should transgress (Deuteronomy 31:26-27). Its preeminence is marked by its being the first part revealed; not like the rest of the code through Moses, but by Jehovah Himself, with attendant angels (Deuteronomy 33:2; Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; Hebrews 2:2); written by God's finger, and on stone tables to mark its permanence
Canaanites - This being the actual persuasion which then prevailed in the world, no matter whether well or ill founded, how were the neighbouring nations, for whose admonition this dreadful example was intended, how were they to be convinced of the supreme power of the God of Israel above the pretended gods of other nations; and of the righteous character of Jehovah, that is, of his abhorrence of the vices which prevailed in the land of Canaan? How, I say, were they to be convinced so well, or at all indeed, as by enabling the Israelites, whose God he was known and acknowledged to be, to conquer under his banner, and drive out before them, those who resisted the execution of that commission with which the Israelites declared themselves to be invested, namely, the expulsion and extermination of the Canaanitish nations? This convinced surrounding countries, and all who were observers or spectators of what passed, first, that the God of Israel was a real God; secondly that the gods which other nations worshipped were either no gods, or had no power against the God of Israel; and thirdly, that it was he, and he alone, who possessed both the power and the will, to punish, to destroy, and to exterminate from before his face, both nations and individuals, who gave themselves up to the crimes and wickedness for which the Canaanites were notorious. "...
In reading the Old Testament account, therefore, of the Jewish wars and conquests in Canaan, and the terrible destruction brought upon the inhabitants thereof, we are always to remember that we are reading the execution of a dreadful but just sentence, pronounced by Jehovah against the intolerable and incorrigible crimes of these nations; that they were intended to be made an example to the whole world of God's avenging wrath against sins, which, if they had been suffered to continue, might have polluted the whole ancient world, and which could only be checked by the signal and public overthrow of nations notoriously addicted to them, and so addicted as even to have incorporated them into their religion and their public institutions; and that the Israelites were mere instruments in the hands of a righteous Providence for effecting the extirpation of a people, of whom it was necessary to make a public example to the rest of mankind; that this extermination, which might have been accomplished by a pestilence, by fire, by earthquakes, was appointed to be done by the hands of the Israelites, as being the clearest and most intelligible method of displaying the power and the righteousness of the God of Israel; his power over the pretended gods of other nations; and his righteous indignation against the crimes into which they were fallen
Oaths - in opposition to this dictum of the Law, Christ lays down an absolute prohibition, ‘Swear not at all’ Matthew 5:34), and proceeds to draw out the full meaning of the ‘at all’ (ὅλως) by showing that His prohibition covers every appeal to anything beside us in confirmation of our word, and not merely such as expressly introduce the name of Jehovah. It might be thought that He was merely forbidding a direct appeal to the name of Jehovah
Righteousness - As, however, Israel was often unrighteous, the righteousness of Jehovah could then be revealed to it only in judgment ( Isaiah 43:1-281 ; Isaiah 5:18 ; Isaiah 10:22 )
Numbers as Symbols - One Jehovah
Tabernacle, the - ' It was the place recognised by Jehovah, where, as dwelling among them, He met His people, and where in separation from the outer world His will was made known
Fire - Jehovah himself is compared to a consuming fire
Gardens - Thus Jehovah calls the apostate Jews, "a people that provoketh me continually to anger to my face, that sacrificeth in gardens,"...
Isaiah 65:3
Praise - ‘Ye shall be holy, for I Jehovah your God am holy,’ has no force except for him who acknowledges holiness in God who commands; and obedience is the creature’s tribute of praise to the holy God
Marriage - The first polygamists were Lamech and those degenerate "sons of God," or worshippers of Jehovah, who "took them wives of all that they chose," Genesis 4:17 6:2
God - ...
( f ) Jehovah , properly Yahweh (usually written Jahweh ), perhaps a pre-historic name. ...
‘Jehovah’ is a modern and hybrid form, dating only from a. In reading ‘Adonai’ was substituted for it; hence the vowels of that name were in MSS attached to the consonants of ‘Jahweh’ for a guide to the reader, and the result, when the MSS are read as written (as they were never meant by Jewish scribes to be read), is ‘Jehovah
Son of God - (3) The Hebrew nation collectively is frequently thus designated, as when, in the land of Midian, Jehovah sent Moses to Pharaoh with the message: ‘Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn, and I say unto thee, Let my son go’ (Exodus 4:22 f. , an ancient oracle is quoted in which Jehovah says of King David, ‘He shall cry unto me, Thou art my Father, my God, and the rock of my salvation; also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. ’ Similarly Jehovah says of King Solomon (2 Samuel 7:14), ‘I will be his Father, and he shall be to me a son
Psalms (2) - But in the Hebrew psalm the address is to Jehovah, a title which no Hebrew could possibly have applied to the Messiah. The day on which he was begotten as a son of God is the day on which he was installed in his regal dignity as the representative of Jehovah, the King and Father of His people. He is Jehovah’s hâsîd, that is, a bond of love subsists between him and his God; and, in virtue of this bond, he is sure that Sheol cannot be his ultimate fate,—he will overleap it, and be received into glory (Psalms 73:24). ’ In the psalm the verse is intended to express the general care which Jehovah exercises over the righteous, and therefore it could hardly be regarded as an apt citation in connexion with the crucifixion of Jesus; but more probably it is intended to be, primarily, a reminiscence of Exodus 12:46, Numbers 9:12, which prescribe that the bones of the Paschal lamb shall not be broken
Revelation, the - These celebrate Jehovah Elohim Shaddai thrice holy, and the elders worship their Lord and their God as Creator of all things. The world-kingdom of Jehovah and His Christ is come. He is the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end — Jehovah
Trinity - ( a ) The references to the ‘ Angel of Jehovah ’ prepare the way for the Christian doctrine of a distinction in the Godhead ( Genesis 18:2 ; Genesis 18:16 ; Genesis 17:22 with Genesis 19:1 , Joshua 5:13-15 with Joshua 6:1 , Judges 13:8-21 , Zechariah 13:7 ). ( b ) Allusions to the ‘ Spirit of Jehovah ’ form another line of OT teaching
Temple - It was dedicated with peculiar solemnity to the worship of Jehovah, who condescended to make it the place for the special manifestation of his glory, Revelation 7:15:22 . 163, this temple was plundered and profaned by Antiochus Epiphanes, who ordered the discontinuance of the daily sacrifice, offered swine's flesh upon the altar, and completely suspended the worship of Jehovah
Presence (2) - But the religion of Jehovah was rid of such a tendency through the work of the prophets, with the result that, when all other religions in the Roman Empire were vulgarized and eviscerated of power, Judaism remained like a Samson with locks unshorn, with a God who could keep His own secret, and with a faith still pregnant with possibility. The ‘angel of Jehovah,’ so frequently mentioned in the OT, was simply ‘the messenger’ (מַלִאָךְ), so did all intermediaries dwindle in the blaze of the only God
Palestine - It is also called "the holy land" (Zechariah 2:12 ), the "land of Jehovah" (Hosea 9:3 ; Psalm 85:1 ), the "land of promise" (Hebrews 11:9 ), because promised to Abraham (Genesis 12:7 ; 24:7 ), the "land of Canaan" (Joshua 4:12-133 ), the "land of Israel" (1 Samuel 13:19 ), and the "land of Judah" (Isaiah 19:17 )
Satan - " This formed as great a part in the plan of Jehovah for the glory of Christ, as the salvation of men for his glory
Satan - Instead of being a rival power to good and God, as in the Persian belief as to Ormuzd and Ahriman, he is subordinate; his malicious temptation of David was overruled to work out Jehovah's anger against Israel (2 Samuel 24:1; 1 Chronicles 21:1). ...
As the judicial adversary of God's people he accuses them before God, but is silenced by Jehovah their Advocate (Zechariah 3:1-2; 1 Peter 5:8; Psalms 109:6; Psalms 109:31; 1 John 2:1-2)
Shechem (1) - ...
The "men from Shechem" (Jeremiah 41:5) who had paganly "cut themselves," and were slain by Ishmael, were probably of the Babylonian colonists who combined Jehovah worship with their old idolatries
Proselytes - ) Hezekiah's triumph over Sennacherib was followed by many bringing gifts: unto Jehovah to Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 32:23); this suggested the prophecy in Psalm 87 that Rahab (Egypt) and Babylon (whose king Merodach Baladan had sent a friendly embassy to Hezekiah), Philistia, Tyre, and Ethiopia should be spiritually born (Psalms 51:5; Psalms 51:10; Psalms 22:31; Isaiah 66:8; John 3:3; John 3:5; both Old and New Testament teach the need of the new birth) in Jerusalem as proselytes