What does Jehoshaphat mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֖ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 10
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֗ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 9
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 8
יְה֣וֹשָׁפָ֔ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 7
יְהֽוֹשָׁפָט֙ son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 5
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֑ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 5
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֣ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 5
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֛ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 4
וִיהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 3
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֡ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 3
וִֽיהוֹשָׁפָ֣ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 3
יְהוֹשָׁפָֽט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 3
יְהֽוֹשָׁפָ֑ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
לִֽיהוֹשָׁפָ֛ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֜ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
וִיהוֹשָׁפָ֖ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֔ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
לִיהוֹשָׁפָ֖ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֨ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 2
לִֽיהוֹשָׁפָט֙ son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 1
ἰωσαφάτ the king of Judah 1
וִֽיהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 1
לִיהוֹשָׁפָ֑ט son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 1
ἰωσαφὰτ the king of Judah 1
וְיהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט‪‬ son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 1
וִיהֽוֹשָׁפָט֙ son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best 1

Definitions Related to Jehoshaphat

H3092


   1 son of king Asa and himself king of Judah for 25 years; one of the best, most pious, and prosperous kings of Judah.
   2 son of Nimshi and father of king Jehu of the northern kingdom of Israel.
   3 son of Ahilud and chronicler under David and Solomon.
   4 son of Paruah and one of the 12 commissary officers under Solomon.
   5 a priest and trumpeter in the time of David.
   6 symbolical name of a valley near Jerusalem which is the place of ultimate judgment; maybe the deep ravine which separates Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives through which the Kidron flowed.
   Additional Information: Jehoshaphat = “Jehovah has judged”.
   

G2498


   1 the king of Judah, son of Asa.
   Additional Information: Jehoshaphat = “whom Jehovah judges”.
   

Frequency of Jehoshaphat (original languages)

Frequency of Jehoshaphat (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat, Valley of
(jih hahssh' uh fat) Place name meaning, “valley where Yahweh judged.” Place to which the Lord summons the nations for judgment (Joel 3:2 ). No evidence exists that any valley actually bore this name in Joel's time. Since the fourth century A.D. the Kidron Valley has been known as the Valley of Jehoshaphat; but there is no reason for believing Joel was referring to the Kidron Valley. The reference in Joel probably is meant to be symbolic. Through Joel, God promised all nations will ultimately be called to God's place of judgment. See Joel .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
("he whom Jehovah judges".)
1. Recorder or annalist in David's and Solomon's court. Son of Ahilud (2 Samuel 8:16; 1 Kings 4:3; compare Esther 6:1).
2. A priest. Blew the trumpet before the ark in its passage from Obed Edom's house to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24).
3. Son of Paruah. One of Solomon's twelve purveyors, in Issachar (1 Kings 4:17).
4. Son of Asa and Azubah. At 35 began to reign, the first three years during his father's incapacity through disease in the feet, then 22 alone, beginning at 914 B.C., 25 years in all (1 Kings 15:24; 1 Kings 22:41-50; 2 Kings 8:16; 2 Chronicles 17:1-21. 2 Chronicles 17:3). "He walked in the first ways of his father David (before his sin with Bathsheba), and sought not unto Baalim (whether Baal or other false god, or worshipping Jehovah by an image which degrades Him to the level of Baal, Judges 2:11), but to the Lord God of his fathers, and not after the doings of Israel (worshipping Jehovah through the golden calves). Therefore, the Lord established the kingdom in his hand .... And his heart was lifted up in the ways of the Lord; moreover he took away the high places and groves out of Judah" (2 Chronicles 17:3-6; 2 Chronicles 19:3).
But "the high places (of Jehovah) were not taken away, for as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers." All that depended on him he did, but the people could not yet rise up to his spirituality so as to worship Jehovah without any visible altar save the one at Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 20:32-33). He utterly abolished the idol high places and, as far as he could, the unlawful Jehovah high places, but was unable thoroughly to get rid of the latter (1 Kings 15:14; 1 Kings 22:43). To remedy the people's ignorance of the book of the law, in the third year of his reign he sent a commission of five princes, nine Levites, and two priests to go through the cities of Judah, teaching them in it; a model for rulers as to national education (Deuteronomy 11:19-21). Jehoshaphat at first fortified the cities of Judah and those of Ephraim taken by Asa (2 Chronicles 17:2) to secure himself against Israel.
Afterward he changed his policy to one of alliance with Israel against, the common foe Syria and the eastern tribes, Ammon, Moab, etc.; and his son Jehoram married Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel (2 Chronicles 22:2-3; 2 Chronicles 22:7-8; 2 Chronicles 22:10). (See JEHORAM; ATHALIAH.) A fatal union (1 Corinthians 15:33)! Many facts attest the intimacy between the two dynasties; (See ELIJAH'S avoiding Judah when fleeing from Ahab; the same names given in the two families; Jehovah's name compounded in names of Ahab's idolatrous children; Jehoshaphat's readiness to go with (See AHAB to battle at Ramoth Gilead. Ahab's demonstrative hospitality was the bait to entice him (2 Chronicles 18:1-3). There he would have paid with life for his dangerous alliance with cowardly Ahab, who sought to save his own life by exposing his magnanimous ally, but for God's interposition.
On his return in peace, in the 16th year of his reign probably, Jehu the son of Hanani reproved him," Shouldest thou help the ungodly and love them that hate the Lord? (compare 1 Samuel 15:35; 1 Samuel 16:1). Therefore is wrath upon thee from before the Lord." But God is ever ready to discern any good in His servants; "nevertheless there are good things found in thee, in that thou hast taken away the groves out of the land, and hast prepared thine heart to seek God" (compare 2 Chronicles 27:6, "ways"; contrast Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 12:14). Jehoshaphat then again, besides the former commission (2 Chronicles 17:9) in the third year of his reign, took up the work of reformation and went out in person through the people from Beersheba in the S. to mount Ephraim in the N. to bring them back unto the Lord God of their fathers. He also set judges in the several cities, and a supreme court for references and appeals ("controversies") in Jerusalem, made up of Levites, priests, and chief fathers of Israel (the judges in the cities were probably of the same classes).
The judges chosen from the elders by Moses at Jethro's suggestion were the foundation of the judicial body (Exodus 18:21, etc.; Deuteronomy 1:15, etc.), David added for the expanding wants of the kingdom 6,000 Levites. "The judgment of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 19:8) corresponds to "matters of the Lord" (verse 11), i.e. religious questions. "Controversies" answer to "the king's matters," civil causes. Jehoshaphat's directions are a rule for judges in all ages: "take heed what ye do, for ye judge not for man but for the Lord, who is with you in the judgment; wherefore now let the fear of the Lord be upon you ... for there is no iniquity with the Lord our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts." Amariah the chief priest presided in religious questions; Zebadiah, "ruler of the house of Judah" (tribal prince of Judah), in civil questions. The Levites were to be shoterim , "officers" literally, scribes, keeping written accounts; assistants to the judges, transmitting their orders to the people, and superintending the execution of them.
Five divisions comprised his soldiery, comprising 780,000 men in Judah and 380,000 in Benjamin. But it was "the fear of the Lord failing upon all the kingdoms ... round about Judah" (so Genesis 35:5), that was his main defense, "so that they made no war on Jehoshaphat." Nay, the Philistines and Arabians brought presents and tribute. Edom had a "deputy king," a vassal to Judah; "there was (then) no (real, independent) king" (1 Kings 22:47). This remark is introduced to show how Jehoshaphat was able to make ships of Tarshish (i.e. ships such as go to Tarshish, i.e. long voyaging ships; 2 Chronicles 20:36 changes this into "to make ships to go to Tarshish," a copyist's misunderstanding) to go to Ophir from the maritime coast of Edom. Jehoshaphat allied himself with the wicked Ahaziah in this enterprise. The ships were built in Ezion Geber on the Red Sea. (See EZION GEBER.)
Then Eliezer, son of Dodavah, prophesied," because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the Lord shall break (the perfect is prophetical, not hath broken) thy works." (See ELIEZER.) They were accordingly wrecked at Ezion Geber by a storm (2 Chronicles 20:35-37). Ahaziah in vain tried to induce Jehoshaphat to repeat the attempt. One chastisement from the Lord sufficed a docile child (1 Corinthians 11:32; contrast Isaiah 9:13; Jeremiah 5:3). This was subsequent to the Edomite, Ammonite, and Moabite invasion of Judah by way of Engedi. (See ENGEDI.) Edom joined with Ammon and other desert tribes enumerated in Psalms 83:3-7 ("other beside the Ammonites," KJV 2 Chronicles 20:1; Hiller proposes to read Maonites from Maan a city near Petra on mount Seir, tribes from all parts of mount Seir: Keil; 26:7, Mehunims), to not only throw off Judah's supremacy but root the Jews out of their divinely given inheritance; but in vain. (See JAHAZIEL; BERACHAH.)
Jehoshaphat's piety shone brightly on this occasion. "He feared, set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout Judah," so that "out of all the cities they came to ask help of Jehovah." His prayer in the congregation in the Lord's house is a model "O Lord God of our fathers (therefore we the children have a covenanted claim on Thee), art not Thou God in heaven (therefore hast rule thence over all)? Rulest not Thou over all the kingdoms of the pagan (therefore the pagan invaders of Thine elect nation cannot escape Thee)? And in Thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand Thee (therefore this horde cannot)? Art not Thou our God who didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before Thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham Thy friend for ever? (Thy covenant forever with 'Thy friend,' and Thine honour at stake, require Thy interposition).
And they have built Thee a sanctuary, saying (1 Kings 8:33; 1 Kings 8:37, covenanting for God's help to be rendered in all future times in answer to the nation's prayer, which covenant God accepted), If when evil cometh upon us... we stand before Thy house in Thy presence ... and cry unto Thee ... then Thou wilt hear and help. And now behold ... Ammon, Moab ... whom Thou wouldest not let Israel invade ... they reward us (evil for good) to come to east us out of Thy possession (in undesigned coincidence with Psalms 83:12, 'let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession'). O our God, wilt Thou not judge (do us justice on) them? For we have no might against this great company ... neither know we what to do: but our eyes are upon Thee." The "little ones, wives, and children," standing before Jehovah, by their very helplessness were a powerful plea with the compassionate God.
Jahaziel then gave the promise from God (compare Exodus 14:13-14), and Jehoshaphat and all Judah bowed with face to the ground. The Levites stood up to praise the God of Israel with a loud voice. As the people went forth the following morning Jehoshaphat urged the people to faith as the receptive state needed on their part for ensuring God's promised blessing: "Believe in the Lord your God, so shall ye be established" (compare Isaiah 7:9; Matthew 9:28-29). In strong faith he ordered singers to "praise the beauty of holiness" ("to praise, clad in holy ornaments," Keil) already for the promised victory. At their beginning to sing was the time that the Lord delivered them. Seirites, greedy for booty, by God's providence, from an ambush suddenly attacking, caused a panic among the Ammonites and Moabites which eventuated in mutual slaughter.
Jehoshaphat and his people were three days gathering the spoil. On the fourth day was the blessing of Jehovah in Berachah valley, then the return and the thanksgiving in the house of God. The three allies' invasion of Moab was probably subsequent. His character stands among the highest for piety of Judah's kings, and the kingdom in his reign was at its zenith. Firmness and consistency were wanting. This want betrayed him into the alliance with Israel which on three occasions brought its penalty:
(1) at Ramoth Gilead,
(2) in the joint invasion of Moab (2 Kings 3) through the Edomite wilderness, and
(3) in respect to his naval enterprise for Ophir. To avert the foreseen evil consequences of his alliance he appointed Jehoram, his firstborn, king in his lifetime, and gave gifts and fenced eries to his other sons; but no human precautions can avert. the penalty for religious compromise (2 Corinthians 6:17-18). (See JEHORAM.) 2 Corinthians 6:5. Nimshi's son, king Jehu's father (2 Kings 9:2).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat, Valley of
Joel 3:2; Joel 3:12, parallel to Zechariah 14:2-4, where the mount of Olives answers to the "valley of Jehoshaphat" in Joel. Possibly "the valley of Berachah", where between Tekoa and the main road from Bethlehem to Hebron Jehoshaphat assembled the people to bless Jehovah for the victory over Ammon, Moab, etc. (2 Chronicles 20:20-26). (See BERACHAH.) The valley with the Kedron at its foot is now called "the valley of Jehoshaphat." But it was not anciently so; Jerome and the Onomasticon of Eusebius first call it so in the fourth century A.D. As the Jews bury worn out rolls of Scripture (for which they have such a deep reverence) here, it is likely the Jehoshaphat from whom the valley is named was a rabbi held in veneration. The tomb called Jehoshaphat's tomb (an excavation with an architectural front) is certainly not that of the king Jehoshaphat, for he was buried in the city of David (2 Chronicles 21:1).
However, the phrases "the city of David" and "Zion" are applied in a general sense to the site of Jerusalem and to the hills around, among which the same name, "sunny mountain," still lingers. The word "city" comprises the surrounding suburbs (Numbers 35:25-28; 1 Kings 2:36-37). Also "in" often means at or near (Conder, Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, Oct. 1877, pp. 178,195). Thus the burial "in the city of David" may apply to burial in the vicinity. The enemies Tyre, Sidon, the Philistines, Edom, and Egypt (Joel 3:4; Joel 3:19), are types of the last confederacy under antichrist (Revelation 16; Revelation 17; Revelation 19), which shall assail restored Israel and shall be judged by Jehovah. As Jehoshaphat means "the judgment of Jehovah," "the valley of Jehoshaphat" is probably the general name for the scene of His judgment, Jehoshaphat's victory over the godless horde that sought to dispossess Judah typifying the last victory over the anti-Christian host that shall seek to dispossess restored Israel (Ezekiel 38-39).
That this shall be in the Holy Land seems likely from Zechariah's definite mention of Mount Olivet (Zechariah 14:1; Zechariah 14:4-5) as the scene of Christ's return and from its having been the scene of His ascension; the angels moreover announced, "this same Jesus ... shall so come in like manner as ye have seen Him go into heaven" (Acts 1:11). The word in Joel is emeq , which means a "spacious valley", not a narrow ravine (for which the term is nachal ) such as the valley of the Kedron. In Joel 3:14 "the valley of Jehoshaphat" is called "the valley of decision" or "excision," where the foes shall meet their determined doom. "Armageddon" in Revelation 16:16 corresponds: from har "a mountain", and Megiddo "the valley of Jezreel", the great battle field of Canaan, where godly Josiah fell before Pharaoh Necho.(See ARMAGEDDON.)
Some great plain anti-typical to the two valleys will probably be the scene of the last conflict. Its connection with Jerusalem appears in the context; so "come up," the regular phrase for going to the theocratic capital, is used, but "down into the valley of Jehoshaphat" also (Joel 3:2; Joel 3:12). The Muslims bury their dead on one side of the valley; the Jews on the other. Absalom's tomb and Zechariah's, besides Jehoshaphat's, are pointed out, but without good grounds for the tradition. The king's (Melchizedek's) dale or valley of Shaveh (Genesis 14:17; 2 Samuel 18:18) is identified with "the valley of Jehoshaphat." Josephus (Ant. 7:10) says Absalom's monument was two stadia from Jerusalem, probably in the valley of the upper Kedron, where were the judges' tombs, a likely site for his erecting his sepulchral monument. (See ABSALOM.)
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Jehoshaphat
JEHOSHAPHAT.—A king of Judah, named in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:8).
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoshaphat
Jehoshaphat (je'hŏsh'a-făt), whom Jehovah Judges 1:1-36. King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne b.c. 914, when he was 35 years old, and reigned 25 years. His history is in 1 Kings 15:24; 2 Kings 8:16, or in a continuous narrative in 2 Chronicles 17:1 to 2 Chronicles 21:3. He was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah, and Jehoram. He was one of the pious and prosperous kings of Judah. At first he strengthened himself against Israel, but soon afterward formed an alliance with Israel Jehoshaphat tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burned incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in religion. He received tribute from the Philistines and Arabians, and kept up a large standing army in Jerusalem. He became Ahab's ally in the great battle of Ramoth-gilead, for which he was severely reproved by Jehu. 2 Chronicles 19:2. He built at Eziongeber, with the help of Ahaziah, a navy designed to go to Tarshish; but it was wrecked. He was miraculously delivered from a threatened attack of the people of Ammon, Moab, and Seir. He also had war against the rebellious king of Moab. 2 Kings 3:1-27. In his declining years the administration of affairs was placed, probably b.c. 891, in the hand of his son Jehoram. There are five persons of this name mentioned in the Scriptures.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoshaphat (2)
Jehoshaphat, Valley of, valley of the judgment of Jehovah. A place named only in Joel 3:2; Joel 3:12. Three leading explanations have been given. 1. That the valley referred to is the same as the "valley of Berachah," where the forces allied against Israel were defeated by Jehoshaphat. 2 Chronicles 20:16-26. This event took place 100 years before Joel, and may have given rise to this expression of the prophet. 2. That the valley is that of the Kedron, east of Jerusalem. This identification of Jehoshaphat with the Kedron is now generally regarded as based upon a misinterpretation of Joel 3:1-21. That the name does not refer to any special place (see margin of E. V., which reads, "The Lord judgeth"), but to either (a) the scene of great victories, as those of the Maccabees; or (b) the general judgment at the end of the world; or (c) the truth that God's persecuted people he will defend and vindicate.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Jehoshaphat
The Lord is judge
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat, Valley of
This is mentioned only in Joel 3:2,12 , as a place where the nations will be judged for their treatment of God's people, when Judah is being brought into blessing. The name signifies 'Jehovah is judge,' and some think that it is used symbolically for the place where God will judge. In Joel 3:14 occurs 'the valley of decision,' which is also connected with God's judgements.
Others however associate the above with the valley lying between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, now called the Valley of Jehoshaphat; but no trace of this name as attached to that particular valley can be found earlier than the fourth century. It was and is otherwise known as the Valley of the KIDRON, q.v.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
1. Son and successor of Asa king of Judah, B.C. 914 to 891. He sought God, walked in the 'first' ways of David, and took away the high places and groves out of Judah. God established the kingdom in his hand, and the fear of the Lord fell upon the kingdoms around. God gave him peace, and the Philistines and the Arabians brought him presents. He increased in riches, and was strengthened greatly. He not only feared the Lord himself, but he sent Levites and priests throughout all Judah, to teach the people. 2 Chronicles 17:1-12 . He erred, however, in making alliance with idolatrous Israel, and in allowing his son to marry Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel. He went with Ahab to war against Ramoth-gilead, and nearly lost his life, but God delivered him. 1 Kings 22 ; 2 Chronicles 18 . He was rebuked by Jehu the seer, who said, "Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the Lord? Therefore is wrath upon thee from before the Lord." Then he sought the Lord, and set his heart to bring all his people to fear the Lord. 2 Chronicles 19 .
After this, the men of Moab and of Ammon, a great multitude, came against Jehoshaphat. He turned to the Lord, proclaimed a fast, and prayed for help in the house of the Lord, where the Lord had set His name, pleading that He was their God, who had given the land to the seed of Abraham His friend, pleading also His response to the prayer of Solomon. He was at once assured by a prophet that the battle was not theirs, but God's, whose name they had invoked: they should see the salvation of the Lord. Jehoshaphat and all the people fell down and worshipped the Lord, and the next morning they marched toward the enemy singing. They had no need to fight, for the enemy destroyed one another, and there was much spoil. Praise was given to Jehovah. Subsequently the king, forgetting what was due to the name of the Lord, associated himself with the wicked Ahaziah king of Israel in sending ships to Tarshish. This action was condemned by the prophet Eliezer, and his ships were wrecked. 2 Chronicles 20 . He is called JOSAPHAT in Matthew 1:8 .
In Jehoshaphat there was a heart true to Jehovah, and a desire to bring his subjects to the true worship of God, but his history was marred by his inconsistently allying himself with the ungodly and idolatrous kings of Israel. The faithfulness of the Lord in chastening Jehoshaphat is very marked, and in not allowing him to be in a false position which practically denied the name of the Lord.
2. Son of Ahilud, and recorder to David and Solomon. 2 Samuel 8:16 ; 2 Samuel 20:24 ; 1 Kings 4:3 ; 1 Chronicles 18:15 .
3. Son of Paruah, and a commissariat officer of Solomon. 1 Kings 4:17 .
4. Son of Nimshi, and father of king Jehu. 2 Kings 9:2,14 .
5. Priest who assisted in bringing up the ark. 1 Chronicles 15:24 .
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoshaphat, Valley of
JEHOSHAPHAT, VALLEY OF ( Joel 3:2 ; Joel 3:12 ). The deep valley to the E. of Jerusalem, between the city and the Mt. of Olives, has since the 4th cent. a.d. been identified by an unbroken Christian tradition with the Valley of Jehoshaphat. Moslems and Jews have also for centuries looked upon this valley as the scene of the Last Judgment. The Jews especially consider this of all places on earth the most suitable for burial, as it is taught that all bodies buried elsewhere must find their way thither at the last day. The valley was the ordinary place for graves in pre-exilic times ( 2 Kings 23:6 etc.). In spite, however, of these traditions, it is quite probable that the name of this valley was at one time Wady Sha‘fât , from the neighbouring village of Sha‘fât , and that this suggested to early Christian pilgrims, in search of sites, the Biblical name Jehoshaphat . The so-called ‘Tomb of Jehoshaphat,’ which lies near the traditional ‘Tomb of Absalom,’ is an impossible site, for in 1 Kings 22:50 and 2 Chronicles 21:1 it is stated that he was buried in the city of David. The valley, moreover, does not suit the conditions, in that it is a nachal (wady) the nachal Kidron (wh. see), whereas the Valley of Jehoshaphat was in Heb. an ‘çmeq (a wide, open valley). It has been suggested that the valley ( ‘çmeq ) of Beracah, where Jehoshaphat returned thanks after his great victory ( 2 Chronicles 20:26 ), may be the place referred to by Joel. It is, however, at least as probable that the prophet did not refer to any special locality and gave the name Jehoshaphat, i.e. ‘Jehovah judges,’ to an ideal spot.
E. W. G. Masterman.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoshaphat
JEHOSHAPHAT. 1. The ‘recorder’ in the reigns of David and Solomon ( 2 Samuel 8:16 etc., 1 Kings 4:3 ). 2. One of Solomon’s commissariat officers ( 1 Kings 4:17 ). 3. Father of king Jehu ( 2 Kings 9:2 ; 2 Kings 9:14 ). 4. The son of Asa, king of Judah. He receives a good name from the compiler of the Book of Kings ( 1 Kings 22:43 ). This is chiefly because he carried out the religious reforms of his father. The important thing in his reign was the alliance of Judah with Israel ( 1 Kings 22:44 ), which put an end to their long hostility. Some suppose the smaller kingdom to have been tributary to the larger, but on this point our sources are silent. The alliance was cemented by the marriage of the crown prince Jehoram to Ahab’s daughter Athaliah ( 2 Kings 8:18 ). Jehoshaphat appears as the ally of Ahab against Syria, and himself went into the battle of Ramoth-gilead ( 1 Kings 22:1-53 ). He also assisted Ahab’s son against the Moabites ( 2 Kings 3:1-27 ). He seems to have had trouble with his own vassals in Edom, and his attempt to renew Solomon’s commercial ventures on the Red Sea was unsuccessful ( 1 Kings 22:48 ).
H. P. Smith.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
King of Judah. (1 Kings 22:42) His name meaneth, the Lord judgeth; from Shephat, to judge; and Jab, the Lord. There was a valley of this name, but it is undetermined where situated. Some have thought, near the mount of Olives. (See Joel 3:2; Joe 3:12)
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
king of Judah, son of Asa, king of Judah, and Azabah, daughter of Shilhi, ascended the throne at the age of thirty-five, and reigned twenty-five years. He had the advantage over Baasha, king of Israel; and he placed good garrisons in the cities of Judah and of Ephraim, which had been conquered by his father. God was with him, because he was faithful. He demolished the high places and groves. In the third year of his reign he sent some of his officers, with priests and Levites, through all the parts of Judah, with the book of the law, to instruct the people. God blessed the zeal of this prince, who was feared by all his neighbours. The Philistines and Arabians were tributaries to him. He built several houses in Judah in the form of towers, and fortified several cities. He generally kept an army of eleven hundred thousand men, without reckoning the troops in his strong holds. This number seems prodigious for so small a state as that of Judah; but, probably, these troops were only an enrolled militia.
The Scripture reproaches Jehoshaphat for his alliance with Ahab, king of Israel, 1 Kings 20; 2 Chronicles 18. Some time after, he went to visit Ahab in Samaria; and Ahab invited him to march with him against Ramoth- Gilead. Jehoshaphat consented, but first asked for an opinion from a prophet of the Lord. Afterward, he went into the battle in his robe, and the enemy supposed him to be Ahab; but he crying out, they discovered their mistake, and Jehoshaphat returned in peace to Jerusalem. The Prophet Jehu reproved him for assisting Ahab, 2 Chronicles 19:1-3 . &c. Jehoshaphat repaired this fault by the good regulations, and the good order, which he established in his dominions, both as to civil and religious affairs, by appointing honest and able judges, by regulating the discipline of the priests and Levites, and by enjoining them to perform their duty with punctuality. After this, in the year 3108, the Moabites, Ammonites, and other nations of Arabia Petraea, declared war against Jehoshaphat, 2 Chronicles 20:1-3 , &c. They advanced to Hazaron-Tamar, otherwise Engedi. Jehoshaphat went with his people to the temple, and put up prayers to God. Jahaziel, the son of Zechariah, by the Spirit of the Lord, encouraged the king, and promised that the next day he should obtain a victory without fighting. Accordingly, these people being assembled the next day against Judah, quarrelled, and killed one another; and Jehoshaphat and his army had only to gather their spoils. This prince continued to walk in the ways of the Lord; yet he did not destroy the high places, and the hearts of the people were not entirely directed to the God of their fathers. Jehoshaphat died after a reign of twenty-five years, and was buried in the royal sepulchre; and his son, Jehoram, reigned in his stead.
2. JEHOSAPHAT, VALLEY OF. This valley is a deep and narrow glen, which runs from north to south, between the Mount of Olives and Mount Moriah; the brook Cedron flowing through the middle of it, which is dry the greatest part of the year, but has a current of a red colour, after storms, or in rainy seasons. The Prophet Joel 3:2 ; Joel 3:12 , says, "The Lord will gather all nations in the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there." Abenezra is of opinion, that this valley is the place where King Jehoshaphat obtained a signal victory over the Moabites, Ammonites, and Meonians of Arabia Petraea, 2 Chronicles 20:1 , &c, toward the Dead Sea, beyond the wilderness of Tekoah, which after that event was called the valley of blessing, 2 Chronicles 20:26 . Others think it lies between the walls of Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives. Cyril, of Alexandria, on Joel 3, says that this valley is but a few furlongs distant from Jerusalem. Lastly, some maintain that the ancient Hebrews had named no particular place the valley of Jehoshaphat; but that Joel intended generally the place where God would judge the nations, and will appear at the last judgment in the brightness of his majesty. Jehoshaphat, in Hebrew, signifies "the judgment of God." It is very probable that the valley of Jehoshaphat, that is, of God's judgment, is symbolical, as well as the valley of slaughter, in the same chapter. From this passage, however, the Jews and many Christians have been of opinion, that the last judgment will be solemnized in the valley of Jehoshaphat.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
(jih hahssh' uh fat) Personal name meaning, “Yahweh judged” or “Yahweh established the right.” 1. Son and successor of Asa as king of Judah (1 Kings 15:24 ). He occupied the throne for twenty-five years (873-848 B.C.). The biblical record of his reign is contained in the final chapters of 1Kings and in 2 Chronicles 17-20 . He was an able ruler and a faithful worshiper of Yahweh (1 Kings 22:43 ). Nevertheless, he did one thing that ultimately proved to be disastrous: he made an alliance with Ahab, king of Israel. The immediate result was beneficial to both kingdoms. Years of conflict between them came to an end, and both kingdoms were strengthened. But, the alliance involved a marriage between Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram and Ahab's daughter Athaliah. Athaliah's influence in Judah finally proved to be horrific. See Athaliah ; Israel ; Chronology of Biblical Period; Micaiah .
2. Father of Jehu (2Kings 9:2,2 Kings 9:14 ). 3 . An official at David's court (2 Samuel 8:16 ), called the “recorder” or “secretary of state” (REB). The Hebrew term's root meaning is “remember.” Some Bible students compare the office to the Egyptian court herald who reported events to the king and made public announcements. Others think the office maintained public records, while others speak of a foreign minister. As with many Hebrew offices, certainty is not possible. Jehoshaphat retained the office under Solomon (1 Kings 4:3 ). 4 . Solomon's official in tribal territory of Issachar in charge of providing provisions for the royal court one month a year (1 Kings 4:17 ).
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
A pious king of Judah, the son and successor of Asa. He began to reign at the age of thirty-five, about the year 914 B. C., and reigned twenty-five years. His history is found in 1 Kings 15:24 22:1-53 2 Chronicles 17:1-20:37 . He was distinguished by his zeal for true religion, and his firm trust in God. He thoroughly cleansed the land from idolatry, restored the divine ordinances, and provided for the religious instruction of the people. His government was highly prospered at home and abroad. The great error of his life was an entangling alliance with the wicked Ahab, whose infamous daughter Athaliah early began to afflict the kingdom of Judah, of which she was afterwards the queen. Jehoshaphat was beguiled by Ahab into an unsuccessful war with the Syrians, but soon resumed his labors in behalf of religion and justice. Having failed in a commercial enterprise with Ahaziah, he declined a second trial, 1 Kings 22:48,49 but united with Joram, his successor, in a war with Moab. This seems to have led to his being assailed by a vast host of Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, and Syrians; but again he was victorious through his faith in God. He died at the age of sixty years.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat, Valley of
Or valley of the judgment of God, a metaphorical name of some place where God would judge the foes of his people, Joel 3:2,12 . There is no ground for applying it to any known locality, or for connecting it, unless for mere illustration, with the great battle of Jehoshaphat described in 2 Chronicles 20:1-37 . Since the third century, however, the name has been appropriated to the deep and narrow glen east of Jerusalem, running north and south between the city and the Mount of Olives, called in the Bible the brook Kidron. See JERUSALEM .
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
Jehovah-judged.
One of David's body-guard (1 Chronicles 11:43 ).
One of the priests who accompanied the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24 ).
Son of Ahilud, "recorder" or annalist under David and Solomon (2 Samuel 8:16 ), a state officer of high rank, chancellor or vizier of the kingdom.
Solomon's purveyor in Issachar (1 Kings 4:17 ).
The son and successor of Asa, king of Judah. After fortifying his kingdom against Israel (2 Chronicles 17:1,2 ), he set himself to cleanse the land of idolatry (1 Kings 22:43 ). In the third year of his reign he sent out priests and Levites over the land to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 ). He enjoyed a great measure of peace and prosperity, the blessing of God resting on the people "in their basket and their store." The great mistake of his reign was his entering into an alliance with Ahab, the king of Israel, which involved him in much disgrace, and brought disaster on his kingdom (1 Kings 22:1-33 ). Escaping from the bloody battle of Ramoth-gilead, the prophet Jehu (2 Chronicles 19:1-3 ) reproached him for the course he had been pursuing, whereupon he entered with rigour on his former course of opposition to all idolatry, and of deepening interest in the worship of God and in the righteous government of the people (2 Chronicles 19:4-11 ).
Again he entered into an alliance with Ahaziah, the king of Israel, for the purpose of carrying on maritime commerce with Ophir. But the fleet that was then equipped at Ezion-gaber was speedily wrecked. A new fleet was fitted out without the co-operation of the king of Israel, and although it was successful, the trade was not prosecuted (2 Chronicles 20:35-37 ; 1 Kings 22:48-49 ).
He subsequently joined Jehoram, king of Israel, in a war against the Moabites, who were under tribute to Israel. This war was successful. The Moabites were subdued; but the dreadful act of Mesha in offering his own son a sacrifice on the walls of Kir-haresheth in the sight of the armies of Israel filled him with horror, and he withdrew and returned to his own land (2 Kings 3:4-27 ).
The last most notable event of his reign was that recorded in 2 Chronicles 20 . The Moabites formed a great and powerful confederacy with the surrounding nations, and came against Jehoshaphat. The allied forces were encamped at Engedi. The king and his people were filled with alarm, and betook themselves to God in prayer. The king prayed in the court of the temple, "O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us." Amid the silence that followed, the voice of Jahaziel the Levite was heard announcing that on the morrow all this great host would be overthrown. So it was, for they quarrelled among themselves, and slew one another, leaving to the people of Judah only to gather the rich spoils of the slain. This was recognized as a great deliverance wrought for them by God (B.C. 890). Soon after this Jehoshaphat died, after a reign of twenty-five years, being sixty years of age, and was succeeded by his son Jehoram (1 Kings 22:50 ). He had this testimony, that "he sought the Lord with all his heart" (2 Chronicles 22:9 ). The kingdom of Judah was never more prosperous than under his reign.
The son of Nimshi, and father of Jehu, king of Israel (2 Kings 9:2,14 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat, Valley of
Mentioned in Scripture only in Joel 3:2,12 . This is the name given in modern times to the valley between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, and the Kidron flows through it. Here Jehoshaphat overthrew the confederated enemies of Israel (Psalm 83:6-8 ); and in this valley also God was to overthrow the Tyrians, Zidonians, etc. (Joel 3:4,19 ), with an utter overthrow. This has been fulfilled; but Joel speaks of the final conflict, when God would destroy all Jerusalem's enemies, of whom Tyre and Zidon, etc., were types. The "valley of Jehoshaphat" may therefore be simply regarded as a general term for the theatre of God's final judgments on the enemies of Israel. This valley has from ancient times been used by the Jews as a burial-ground. It is all over paved with flat stones as tombstones, bearing on them Hebrew inscriptions.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat
Five people named Jehoshaphat are mentioned in the Bible (2 Samuel 8:16; 1 Kings 4:17; 1 Kings 15:24; 2 Kings 9:2; 1 Chronicles 15:24). Of these the most important was the king of Judah who reigned in Jerusalem from 870 to 845 BC (1 Kings 22:42). He is noted for his reformation of Judah after the political and religious disorders that had arisen towards the end of the previous king’s reign.
Jehoshaphat began his reforms by destroying the Baal shrines and removing the cult prostitutes (1 Kings 22:46; 2 Chronicles 17:6). He then taught the people God’s law by sending a teaching team of priests, Levites and civil administrators on a circuit of Judah’s towns and villages (2 Chronicles 17:7-9). He was able to give his full attention to these programs because he had first of all strengthened Judah against any interference from hostile neighbours (2 Chronicles 17:2).
In an effort to remove injustice, Jehoshaphat reorganized Judah’s judicial system. He wanted all citizens to receive fair treatment, regardless of their status. He set up courts and appointed judges in all the chief cities of Judah, with the chief court in Jerusalem. Some courts dealt specifically with religious matters, and these were under the control of the high priest. Others dealt solely with civil matters, and these were under the control of the chief governor (2 Chronicles 19:4-11).
Under Jehoshaphat, Judah’s defences were greatly strengthened (2 Chronicles 17:2; 2 Chronicles 17:10-13). King Ahab of Israel was so impressed that he persuaded Jehoshaphat to join him in a battle against Syria (1 Kings 22:1-4). Jehoshaphat, however, did not trust Ahab’s court prophets, who seemed more concerned with pleasing Ahab than with telling him God’s will. Only the prophet Micaiah told the truth (namely, that Israel would be defeated), but Ahab ignored his advice, went to war and was killed (1 Kings 22:5-36). A prophet rebuked Jehoshaphat for cooperating with the Israelite king, who was morally corrupt, a worshipper of Baal and an enemy of God (2 Chronicles 19:1-3).
Later, Jehoshaphat joined with Ahab’s equally corrupt son in a commercial partnership involving a fleet of ships. By wrecking the ships, God showed Jehoshaphat once more that he was not to cooperate with the Baal-worshipping kings of Israel (2 Chronicles 20:35-37). Jehoshaphat had now learnt his lesson (1 Kings 22:49).
Jehoshaphat proved that faith in God, not cooperation with Israel, was the way to success when he won a great victory over a huge enemy invasion force. He called the people to the temple to pray (2 Chronicles 20:1-6; 2 Chronicles 20:13) and in reply received God’s assurance of victory (2 Chronicles 20:14-17). God then intervened to overthrow the enemy. Jehoshaphat’s people plundered the defeated army and returned in triumph to Jerusalem to praise God for hearing their prayers (2 Chronicles 20:18-30).

Sentence search

Josaphat - (jahss' uh fat) KJV spelling of Jehoshaphat (Matthew 1:8 ). See Jehoshaphat
Josaphat - Same as Jehoshaphat
Decision, Valley of - See Jehoshaphat, Valley of ...
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Joshaphat - (jahssh' uh fat) Short form of personal name Jehoshaphat meaning, “Yah Judges 1:1 . Priest who sounded the trumpet before the Ark of the Covenant as David brought it to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24 ; KJV, Jehoshaphat)
Josaphat - Another form of Jehoshaphat
Benhail - Prince of Judah under Jehoshaphat
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - Jehoshaphat, VALLEY OF ( Joel 3:2 ; Joel 3:12 ). been identified by an unbroken Christian tradition with the Valley of Jehoshaphat. In spite, however, of these traditions, it is quite probable that the name of this valley was at one time Wady Sha‘fât , from the neighbouring village of Sha‘fât , and that this suggested to early Christian pilgrims, in search of sites, the Biblical name Jehoshaphat . The so-called ‘Tomb of Jehoshaphat,’ which lies near the traditional ‘Tomb of Absalom,’ is an impossible site, for in 1 Kings 22:50 and 2 Chronicles 21:1 it is stated that he was buried in the city of David. see), whereas the Valley of Jehoshaphat was in Heb. It has been suggested that the valley ( ‘çmeq ) of Beracah, where Jehoshaphat returned thanks after his great victory ( 2 Chronicles 20:26 ), may be the place referred to by Joel. It is, however, at least as probable that the prophet did not refer to any special locality and gave the name Jehoshaphat, i
Dodavah - Father of Eliezer who prophesied against Jehoshaphat
Jehoshaphat - Five people named Jehoshaphat are mentioned in the Bible (2 Chronicles 19:4-11; 1 Kings 4:17; 1 Kings 15:24; 2 Kings 9:2; 1 Chronicles 15:24). ...
Jehoshaphat began his reforms by destroying the Baal shrines and removing the cult prostitutes (1 Kings 22:46; 2 Chronicles 17:6). ...
In an effort to remove injustice, Jehoshaphat reorganized Judah’s judicial system. ...
Under Jehoshaphat, Judah’s defences were greatly strengthened (2 Chronicles 17:2; 2 Chronicles 17:10-13). King Ahab of Israel was so impressed that he persuaded Jehoshaphat to join him in a battle against Syria (1 Kings 22:1-4). Jehoshaphat, however, did not trust Ahab’s court prophets, who seemed more concerned with pleasing Ahab than with telling him God’s will. A prophet rebuked Jehoshaphat for cooperating with the Israelite king, who was morally corrupt, a worshipper of Baal and an enemy of God (2 Chronicles 19:1-3). ...
Later, Jehoshaphat joined with Ahab’s equally corrupt son in a commercial partnership involving a fleet of ships. By wrecking the ships, God showed Jehoshaphat once more that he was not to cooperate with the Baal-worshipping kings of Israel (2 Chronicles 20:35-37). Jehoshaphat had now learnt his lesson (1 Kings 22:49). ...
Jehoshaphat proved that faith in God, not cooperation with Israel, was the way to success when he won a great victory over a huge enemy invasion force. Jehoshaphat’s people plundered the defeated army and returned in triumph to Jerusalem to praise God for hearing their prayers (2 Chronicles 20:18-30)
Mithnite - Designation of Jehoshaphat, one of David's mighty men
Paruah - Father of Jehoshaphat, a commissariat officer of Solomon
Tobadonijah - Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people
Jehoshaphat - JEHOSHAPHAT
Paruah - The father of Jehoshaphat
Paruah - Father or clan of Jehoshaphat, Solomon’s prefect in Issachar ( 1 Kings 4:17 )
Adnah - Chief over 300,000, under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:14)
Shilhi - Father of Azubah the mother of Jehoshaphat
Tobijah - , a Levite sent out through Judah by Jehoshaphat to teach the people (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Paruah - ” Father of Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 4:17 )
Par'Uah - (flourishing ), the father of Jehoshaphat, Solomon's commissariat officer in Issachar
Tobijah - Levite whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Amasiah - Son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself to the Lord in the time of Jehoshaphat
Decision, Valley of - ’ This valley is evidently the valley of Jehoshaphat mentioned in the preceding context ( Joel 3:2 ; Joel 3:12 ). The valley of Jehoshaphat has been identified with the Valley of the Kidron since the time of Eusebius. name Jehoshaphat (‘Jehovah hath judged’) suggests
Jehoshaphat - ...
The Scripture reproaches Jehoshaphat for his alliance with Ahab, king of Israel, 1 Kings 20; 2 Chronicles 18. Jehoshaphat consented, but first asked for an opinion from a prophet of the Lord. Afterward, he went into the battle in his robe, and the enemy supposed him to be Ahab; but he crying out, they discovered their mistake, and Jehoshaphat returned in peace to Jerusalem. Jehoshaphat repaired this fault by the good regulations, and the good order, which he established in his dominions, both as to civil and religious affairs, by appointing honest and able judges, by regulating the discipline of the priests and Levites, and by enjoining them to perform their duty with punctuality. After this, in the year 3108, the Moabites, Ammonites, and other nations of Arabia Petraea, declared war against Jehoshaphat, 2 Chronicles 20:1-3 , &c. Jehoshaphat went with his people to the temple, and put up prayers to God. Accordingly, these people being assembled the next day against Judah, quarrelled, and killed one another; and Jehoshaphat and his army had only to gather their spoils. Jehoshaphat died after a reign of twenty-five years, and was buried in the royal sepulchre; and his son, Jehoram, reigned in his stead. The Prophet Joel 3:2 ; Joel 3:12 , says, "The Lord will gather all nations in the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there. " Abenezra is of opinion, that this valley is the place where King Jehoshaphat obtained a signal victory over the Moabites, Ammonites, and Meonians of Arabia Petraea, 2 Chronicles 20:1 , &c, toward the Dead Sea, beyond the wilderness of Tekoah, which after that event was called the valley of blessing, 2 Chronicles 20:26 . Lastly, some maintain that the ancient Hebrews had named no particular place the valley of Jehoshaphat; but that Joel intended generally the place where God would judge the nations, and will appear at the last judgment in the brightness of his majesty. Jehoshaphat, in Hebrew, signifies "the judgment of God. " It is very probable that the valley of Jehoshaphat, that is, of God's judgment, is symbolical, as well as the valley of slaughter, in the same chapter. From this passage, however, the Jews and many Christians have been of opinion, that the last judgment will be solemnized in the valley of Jehoshaphat
Tob-Adonijah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Nimshi - Jehu was "the son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi" (2 Kings 9:2 ; Compare 1 Kings 19:16 )
Nimshi - Grandfather of Jehu, and father of Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 9:2)
Shil'hi - (armed ), the father of Azubah the mother of Jehoshaphat ( 1 Kings 22:42 ; 2 Chronicles 20:31 ) (B
Amasiah - ” One of the captains of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:16 )
Paruah - Flourishing, the father of Jehoshaphat, appointed to provide monthly supplies for Solomon from the tribe of Issachar (1 Kings 4:17 )
Ben-Hail - A prince sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Azubah - Mother of Jehoshaphat ( 1 Kings 22:42 = 2 Chronicles 20:31 )
Shemiramoth -
A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Tob-Adonijah - Good is Jehovah, my Lord, a Levite sent out by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people of Judah in the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Ben-ha'il - (son of the host, strong ), one of the princes whom King Jehoshaphat sent to teach in the cities of Judah
Amasi'ah - (whom Jehovah bears ), son of Zichri and captain of 200,000 warriors of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Micaiah - A faithful and fearless prophet, consulted by King Ahab at the demand of Jehoshaphat as to the issue of their proposed campaign against the Syrians. A prince of Judah, who seconded the efforts of Jehoshaphat to instruct and reform the people of Judah, 2 Kings 17:7-9
Azubah - Mother of Jehoshaphat the king
Adnah - ...
A general under Jehoshaphat, chief over 300,000 men (2Chronicles 17:14)
Micaiah - Three years after the great battle with Ben-hadad (20:29-34), Ahab proposed to Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, that they should go up against Ramoth-Gilead to do battle again with Ben-hadad. Jehoshaphat agreed, but suggested that inquiry should be first made "at the word of Jehovah. " Ahab's prophets approved of the expedition; but Jehoshaphat, still dissatisfied, asked if there was no other prophet besides the four hundred that had appeared, and was informed of this Micaiah
Jehoshaphat (2) - Jehoshaphat, Valley of, valley of the judgment of Jehovah. That the valley referred to is the same as the "valley of Berachah," where the forces allied against Israel were defeated by Jehoshaphat. This identification of Jehoshaphat with the Kedron is now generally regarded as based upon a misinterpretation of Joel 3:1-21
Tob-Adoni'Jah - (Adonijah the good ), one of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah to teach the law to the people
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - 2 Chronicles 20:20-26; Joel 3:12, parallel to Zechariah 14:2-4, where the mount of Olives answers to the "valley of Jehoshaphat" in Joel. Possibly "the valley of Berachah", where between Tekoa and the main road from Bethlehem to Hebron Jehoshaphat assembled the people to bless Jehovah for the victory over Ammon, Moab, etc. ) The valley with the Kedron at its foot is now called "the valley of Jehoshaphat. As the Jews bury worn out rolls of Scripture (for which they have such a deep reverence) here, it is likely the Jehoshaphat from whom the valley is named was a rabbi held in veneration. The tomb called Jehoshaphat's tomb (an excavation with an architectural front) is certainly not that of the king Jehoshaphat, for he was buried in the city of David (2 Chronicles 21:1). As Jehoshaphat means "the judgment of Jehovah," "the valley of Jehoshaphat" is probably the general name for the scene of His judgment, Jehoshaphat's victory over the godless horde that sought to dispossess Judah typifying the last victory over the anti-Christian host that shall seek to dispossess restored Israel (Ezekiel 38-39). In Joel 3:14 "the valley of Jehoshaphat" is called "the valley of decision" or "excision," where the foes shall meet their determined doom. Its connection with Jerusalem appears in the context; so "come up," the regular phrase for going to the theocratic capital, is used, but "down into the valley of Jehoshaphat" also (Joel 3:2; Joel 3:12). Absalom's tomb and Zechariah's, besides Jehoshaphat's, are pointed out, but without good grounds for the tradition. The king's (Melchizedek's) dale or valley of Shaveh (Genesis 14:17; 2 Samuel 18:18) is identified with "the valley of Jehoshaphat
Berachah - Blessing, a beautiful valley between Tekoa and Etham, where Jehoshaphat and all Judah held a thanksgiving for their miraculous victory over the Moabites and Ammonites, 2 Chronicles 20:26
Dodavahu - Father of Eliezer of Mareshah, the prophet who censured Jehoshaphat for entering into alliance with Ahaziah ( 2 Chronicles 20:37 )
Amasiah - , "sustained by") Jehovah, the "son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself unto the Lord," a captain over thousands under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:16 ; Compare Judges 5:9 )
Joram - ...
...
Jehoram, the son and successor of Jehoshaphat on the throne of Judah (2 Kings 8:24 )
Decision, Valley of - A name given to the valley of Jehoshaphat (q
Ben-Hail - ” Official under King Jehoshaphat of Judah (873-848), who sent him to help teach God's law in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Shemiramoth - Levite, sent by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people
Zebadiah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ). An officer of king Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 19:11 )
Azubah - Queen mother of Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:42 ), king of Judah (873-848 B
Shilhi - Maternal grandfather of King Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:42 )
Sodomites - Asa destroyed them "out of the land" (1 Kings 15:12 ), as did also his son Jehoshaphat (22:46)
Shir'Amoth - ) ...
A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Ahilud - Father of Jehoshaphat the 'recorder' of David and Solomon, 2 Samuel 8:16 ; 2 Samuel 20:24 ; 1 Kings 4:3,12 ; 1 Chronicles 18:15 , and father of Baana, one of Solomon's commissariat officers
Adnah - The chief of the captains of thousands in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Nethaniah - ...
...
A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Tobadonijah - ” Levite whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Ahilud - Father of Jehoshaphat, the chronicler under David and Solomon ( 2 Samuel 8:16 ; 2Sa 20:24 , 1 Kings 4:3 , 1 Chronicles 18:15 )
Adnah - A military leader of Judah stationed in Jerusalem under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:14 )
Jer'Uel - (founded by God ) , The wilderness of, the place in which Jehoshaphat was informed by Jahaziel the Levite that he should encounter the hordes of Ammon, Moab and the Mehunims
Ber'Achah, Valley of, - a valley in which Jehoshaphat and his people assembled to "bless" Jehovah after the overthrow of the hosts of Moabites
Shemiramoth - Levite under King Jehoshaphat (873-848 B
Tobijah - One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Jehonathan - Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people
Jehozabad - A Benjamite, captain of king Jehoshaphat
Tobijah - Levitesent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people
Eliada - Powerful captain of the tribe of Benjamin in the army of Jehoshaphat
Jeruel - A wilderness where Jehoshaphat was to find his enemies, the Ammonites, the Moabites, and the inhabitants of Mount Seir, who destroyed one another
Jeruel - It was here that Jehoshaphat encountered a great host of the children of Moab, Ammon, and other trans-Jordanic tribes ( 2 Chronicles 20:16 )
Berachah -
A valley not far from Engedi, where Jehoshaphat overthrew the Moabites and Ammonites (2 Chronicles 20:26 )
Jeruel - ” Place where Jahaziel, the prophet, predicted King Jehoshaphat and his army would find the Ammonite and Moabite army
Elishama - ...
A priest sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Jehu - ” Son of Jehoshaphat and king of Israel, (841-814 B. He warned King Jehoshaphat of Judah (2 Chronicles 19:2 ) and recorded the acts of Jehoshaphat in a record to which the Chronicler referred his readers (2 Chronicles 20:34 )
Jehozabad - Military commander under King Jehoshaphat of Judah about 860 B
Dale, the King's - Some have identified it with the southern part of the valley of Jehoshaphat, where Absalom reared his family monument (2 Samuel 18:18 )
Ramoth-Gilead - Here Ahab, who joined Jehoshaphat in an endeavour to rescue it from the hands of the king of Syria, was mortally wounded (1 Kings 22:1-36 ). In this city Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, was anointed by one of the sons of the prophets (9:1,4)
Jehu - The son of Hanani, a prophet, sent with messages from God to Baasha king of Israel, and many years afterwards, to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, 1 Kings 16:1-7 2 Chronicles 19:1-3 20:34 . ...
The "son" of Jehoshaphat and grandson of Nimshi, (compare 1 Kings 19:16 2 Kings 9:2 ) a general of the army of Joram, slew his master, and usurped the throne of Israel, B
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - Here Jehoshaphat overthrew the confederated enemies of Israel (Psalm 83:6-8 ); and in this valley also God was to overthrow the Tyrians, Zidonians, etc. The "valley of Jehoshaphat" may therefore be simply regarded as a general term for the theatre of God's final judgments on the enemies of Israel
Berachah - A valley between Bethlehem and Hebron where Jehoshaphat overcame Moab and Ammon, and where he blessed the Lord because of the victory: hence its name 'Valley of Blessing
Ahilud - ” The father of Jehoshaphat, David's court recorder (2 Samuel 8:16 ), who retained the position under Solomon (1 Kings 4:3 )
Kid'Ron, - it is now commonly known as the "valley of Jehoshaphat. " The channel of the valley of Jehoshaphat is nothing more than the dry bed of a wintry torrent, bearing marks of being occasionally swept over by a large volume of water
Nethaniah - Levite whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people
Eli'Ada - ) ...
A mighty man of war, a Benjamite, who led 200,000 of his tribe to the army of Jehoshaphat
Jahaziel - He encouraged Jehoshaphat against the Moabites and Ammonites
Tobi'Jah -
One of the Levites sent by Jehoshaphat, to teach the law in the cities of Judah
Beracah - ‘The valley of blessing,’ where Jehoshaphat gave thanks for victory over the Ammonites, Moabites, and Edomites, who had marched from Engedi to Tekoa ( 1 Chronicles 12:2 ; 1 Chronicles 12:20 )
Ahi'Lud -
Father of Jehoshaphat, the recorder or chronicler of the kingdom in the reigns of David and Solomon
Nethani'ah - ) ...
A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Zebadiah - A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the Cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8). Son of Ishmael, and prince of Judah under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 19:11)
Berachah, Valley of - ) Where Jehoshaphat and his people on the fourth day assembled to "bless" Jehovah for overthrowing the invading Ammonites, Moabites, Hagarenes, Edomites, and Amalekites who sought to "cut off Israel from being a nation" (Psalm 83; 2 Chronicles 20:26)
Ziz - The ascent of Ziz is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 20:16 as the way by which the allied Moabites, Ammonites, and Meunim made their way up from En-gedi to attack Jehoshaphat at Jerusalem
Jehohanan - Captain in the days of Jehoshaphat
Jehon'Athan - ...
One of the Levites who were sent by Jehoshaphat through the cities of Judah, with a book of the law, to teach the people
Jehoram - This he endeavoured to suppress, and with the aid of Jehoshaphat of Judah he obtained some successes. Jehoram of Judah , son of Jehoshaphat, came to the throne during the reign of the other Jehoram in Israel. A priest sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the Law ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Michaiah - ...
...
One of those sent out by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Kedron - The upper part of it is called the Valley of Jehoshaphat
Jehonathan - 2 Chronicles 17:8 one of the Levites sent out by Jehoshaphat with the Book of the Law to teach the people in the cities of Judah
Eziongaber or Eziongeber - It was where Solomon had a navy of ships and where the ships of Jehoshaphat were broken
Jahaziel - Son of Zechariah, a Levite: the spirit of Jehovah came upon him to encourage Jehoshaphat against the Moabites
Jeruel Wilderness - ...
Part of the flat country stretching from the Dead Sea to Tekoa, a waste table land in front of the valley; where Jahaziel told Jehoshaphat he should encounter Ammon, Moab, etc
Eliada - A military commander of the tribe of Benjamin (2 Chronicles 17:17 ) under King Jehoshaphat (873-848 B
Ziz - A pass through a steep place where the people of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir were going to enter Judah to attack King Jehoshaphat
Depart - Jehoshaphat departed not from the way of Asa his father
jo'Ram - (2 Kings 8:21,23,24 ; 1 Chronicles 3:11 ; 2 Chronicles 22:5,7 ; Matthew 1:8 ) [2] ...
A priest in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Jehoshaphat - Jehoshaphat. Jehoshaphat appears as the ally of Ahab against Syria, and himself went into the battle of Ramoth-gilead ( 1 Kings 22:1-53 )
Zebadiah - ...
...
A Levite who took part as one of the teachers in the system of national education instituted by Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:7,8 )
Jahaziel - An Asaphite Levite who encouraged Jehoshaphat and his army against an invading host ( 2 Chronicles 20:14 )
Asahel - Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the cities of Judah
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - the Kidron Valley has been known as the Valley of Jehoshaphat; but there is no reason for believing Joel was referring to the Kidron Valley
Jehohanan - The captain of 280,000 in and about Jerusalem under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:13; 2 Chronicles 17:15; 2 Chronicles 17:19)
Beracah - Valley where King Jehoshaphat of Judah (873-848 B
Amariah - High priest under Jehoshaphat, son of Azariah (1 Chronicles 6:11; 2 Chronicles 19:11), a seconder of that good king "in all matters of the Lord
Jaha'zi-el - (1 Chronicles 23:19 ; 24:23 ) ...
Son of Zechariah, a Levite of the Bene-Asaph in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Jehoz'Abad - ) ...
A Benjamite, captain of 180,000 armed men, in the days of King Jehoshaphat
Jehoram - ...
...
A priest sent by Jehoshaphat to instructruct the people in Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 ). Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, assisted Jehoram in this effort. Elisha went forth with the confederated army (2 Kings 3:1-19 ), and at the solicitation of Jehoshaphat encouraged the army with the assurance from the Lord of a speedy victory. ...
...
...
The eldest son and successor of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah
Joram, Jehoram - Son and successor of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah: he reigned eight years, B. The king of Moab revolted against him, and he asked Jehoshaphat king of Judah to go with him to punish the Moabites. They then appealed to Elisha for help, but he said that except Jehoshaphat had been there he would not have looked upon Joram. Priest, who was sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people
Jeho'Ram - The alliance between the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, commenced by his father and Jehoshaphat, was very close throughout his reign. We first find him associated with Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom in a war against the Moabites. The piety of Jehoshaphat suggested an inquiry of Jehovah, thorough Elisha. After reproving Jehoram, Elisha, for Jehoshaphat's sake, inquired of Jehovah, and received the promise of an abundant supply of water, and of a great victory over the Moabites; a promise which was immediately fulfilled. ...
Eldest son of Jehoshaphat, succeeded his father on the throne of Judah at the age of 32, and reigned eight years, from B. First the Edomites, who had been tributary to Jehoshaphat, revolted from his dominion and established their permanent independence
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - There is no ground for applying it to any known locality, or for connecting it, unless for mere illustration, with the great battle of Jehoshaphat described in 2 Chronicles 20:1-37
Micha'Iah - (2 Chronicles 13:2 ) [1] ...
One of the princes of Jehoshaphat whom he sent to teach the law of Jehovah in the cities of Judah
Jehoshaphat - ...
After this, the men of Moab and of Ammon, a great multitude, came against Jehoshaphat. Jehoshaphat and all the people fell down and worshipped the Lord, and the next morning they marched toward the enemy singing. ...
In Jehoshaphat there was a heart true to Jehovah, and a desire to bring his subjects to the true worship of God, but his history was marred by his inconsistently allying himself with the ungodly and idolatrous kings of Israel. The faithfulness of the Lord in chastening Jehoshaphat is very marked, and in not allowing him to be in a false position which practically denied the name of the Lord
Asa - He died in the forty-first year of his reign, greatly honoured by his people (2 Chronicles 16:1-13 ), and was succeeded by his son Jehoshaphat
Jahaziel - A Levite and a son of Asaph who received the Spirit of the Lord and prophesied, promising victory for Jehoshaphat and his people (2 Chronicles 20:14-19 )
Appeal - Jehoshaphat appointed Levites, priests, and some of the fathers to constitute a court of appeal (2 Chronicles 19:8)
Shephatiah - Son of King Jehoshaphat
Michael - Son of Jehoshaphat, murdered by his brother Jehoram 2 Chronicles 21:2,4
Hana'ni - 10 He or another Hanani was the father of Jehu the seer, who testified against Baasha, (1 Kings 16:1,7 ) and Jehoshaphat
Jehoshaphat - Jehoshaphat (je'hŏsh'a-făt), whom Jehovah Judges 1:1-36. At first he strengthened himself against Israel, but soon afterward formed an alliance with Israel Jehoshaphat tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burned incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in religion
Hazazon-Tamar - captured the city and then attacked Jehoshaphat of Judah (873-848 B
Zebadiah - Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people. Son of Ishmael of the house of Judah, and one of Jehoshaphat's rulers 'for all the king's matters
Amariah - ...
...
A "chief priest" who took an active part in the reformation under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 19:11 ); probably the same as mentioned in 1 Chronicles 6:9
Elishama - Priest sent by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people
Mesha - He was tributary to Ahab, but rebelled and suffered an entire defeat from Jehoram, Jehoshaphat, and the king of Edom
Amari'ah - ...
The high priest in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Micaiah - When Ahab was joined by Jehoshaphat, and all Ahab's prophets foretold his success against Ramoth-gilead, Jehoshaphat asked if there was not yet another prophet of Jehovah of whom they could inquire
Ahaziah - When the godly King Jehoshaphat of Judah cooperated with the ungodly Ahaziah in establishing a shipping fleet, God wrecked the ships. It impressed upon Jehoshaphat that God did not want him to have any close association with Ahaziah (2 Chronicles 20:35-37). Their sister Athaliah had married the Judean king (Jehoshaphat’s son), whose name also was Jehoram
Mehunim - The Meunites raided Judah during the reign of Jehoshaphat (873-849 B
Nethaneel - ...
...
One of the "princes" appointed by Jehoshaphat to teach the law through the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Asaph - 1 Chronicles 25:1; 2 Chronicles 20:14; Ezra 2:41; Psalm 50; 73; 83, are all attributed to his authorship; but 83, celebrates the victory of Jehoshaphat long after Asaph's time, therefore "Asaph" in this psalm's title must mean "one of the school of Asaph
Ships - Afterwards, Jehoshaphat sought to provide himself with a navy at the same port, but his ships appear to have been wrecked before they set sail (1 Kings 22:48,49 ; 2 Chronicles 20:35-37 )
Shephati'ah - (1 Chronicles 37:16 ) ...
Son of Jehoshaphat
Jehoshaphat, Valley of - ...
Others however associate the above with the valley lying between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, now called the Valley of Jehoshaphat; but no trace of this name as attached to that particular valley can be found earlier than the fourth century
Asahel - A Levite, who taught the people in the reign of Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Elish'Ama - ) ...
A priest in the time of Jehoshaphat
Valley - ...
...
'Emek, "deep;" "a long, low plain" (Job 39:10,21 ; Psalm 65:13 ; Song of Solomon 2:1 ), such as the plain of Esdraelon; the "valley of giants" (Joshua 15:8 ), usually translated "valley of Rephaim" (2 Samuel 5:18 ); of Elah (1 Samuel 17:2 ), of Berachah (2 Chronicles 20:26 ); the king's "dale" (Genesis 14:17 ); of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:2,12 ), of Achor (Joshua 7:24 ; Isaiah 65:10 ), Succoth (Psalm 60:6 ), Ajalon (Joshua 10:12 ), Jezreel (Hosea 1:5 ). ), "either (1) because there were several valleys within the city and adjacent to it, as the vale between Mount Zion and Moriah, the vale between Mount Moriah and Mount Ophel, between these and Mount Bezetha, and the valley of Jehoshaphat, the valley of the brook Kidron, etc
Kidron - Kedron = Cedron, turbid, the winter torrent which flows through the Valley of Jehoshaphat, on the eastern side of Jerusalem, between the city and the Mount of Olives. The greatest desire of the Jews is to be buried there, from the idea that the Kidron is the "valley of Jehoshaphat" mentioned in Joel 3:2
Jehu - The son of Jehoshaphat, king over Israel. He wrote the annals of Jehoshaphat
Joram or Jehoram - Joram secured the aid of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and after receiving for his allies' sake a miraculous deliverance from drought, defeated the Moabites with great slaughter. The son and successor of Jehoshaphat king of Judah
Judah, Kingdom of - Hanani's remonstrance, ( 2 Chronicles 16:7 ) prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. 2,000,000 Jehoshaphat
Shephatiah - Son of King Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2 )
Nethaneel - Prince of Judah, whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people
Nethanel - A ‘prince’ sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Pinnacle - Matthew 4:5, "the pinnacle of the temple," the summit of the southern portico, rising 400 cubits above the valley of Jehoshaphat (Josephus Amon - Governor of Samaria when Jehoshaphat was king of Judah, who followed orders from the king of Israel and put the prophet Micaiah in prison (1 Kings 22:26 )
Amariah - Chief priest in the time of Jehoshaphat king of Judah
as'Ahel - ) ...
One of the Levites in the reign of Jehoshaphat, who went throughout the cities of Judah to instruct the people in the knowledge of the law
Athaliah - Strangely enough, she was chosen as the wife of Jehoram, son of the pious Jehoshaphat king of Judah
Shephatiah - A son of Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 21:2 )
Zichri - Father of Amasiah, a captain of Jehoshaphat
Jeho'Hanan - ) ...
One of the principal men of Judah under King Jehoshaphat
Appeal - Jehoshaphat delegated his judicial authority to a court permanently established for the purpose
Kir-Hareseth - The kings of Judah (Jehoshaphat) and Edom joined Israel in the resulting war. Jehoram and Jehoshaphat did not have faith that Yahweh would give them victory over the people of Chemosh
Michael - ...
...
One of the sons of king Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2,4 )
Zichri - Of Judah; his son Amasiah commanded 200,000 under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:16)
o'Phel - Ophel was the swelling declivity by which the mount of the temple slopes on its southern side into the valley of Hinnom--a long, narrowish rounded spur or promontory, which intervenes between the mouth of the central valley of Jerusalem (the Tyropoeon) and the Kidron, or valley of Jehoshaphat
Jehoram - The son and successor of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah
Recorder - , "the mentioner," "rememberancer"), the office first held by Jehoshaphat in the court of David (2 Samuel 8:16 ), also in the court of Solomon (1 Kings 4:3 )
Eliezer - The son of Dodavah, who prophesied against Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 20:37 )
Tekoa - Approximately fifty years later, Jehoshaphat defeated a force of Ammonite, Meunite, and Moabite invaders in the wilderness between Tekoa and En-gedi (2 Chronicles 20:20-22 )
Elishama - A priest sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the Law in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
en-Gedi - Here the Moabites and Ammonites came against Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 20:2 )
Athali'ah - (afflicted of the Lord ) daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah and introduced into that kingdom the worship of Baal
Education - This was the ONE book of national education in the reformations undertaken by Jehoshaphat and Josiah (2 Chronicles 17:7-9; 2 Chronicles 34:30). Seraiah was David's scribe or secretary, and Jehoshaphat, son of Ahilud, was "recorder" or writer of chronicles, historiographer (2 Samuel 8:16-17); Shebun was Hezekiah's scribe (2 Kings 18:37)
je'hu -
The founder of the fifth dynasty of the kingdom of Israel, son of Jehoshaphat. He first denounced Baasha, (1 Kings 16:1,7 ) and then, after an interval of thirty years, reappeared to denounce Jehoshaphat for his alliance with Ahab. (2 Chronicles 19:2,3 ) He survived Jehoshaphat and wrote his life
Ahaziah - He was in alliance with Jehoshaphat in building ships at Ezion Geber to go to Tarshish; but the ships were wrecked, the Lord, as He intimated by Eliezer son of Dodavah of Mareshah, thereby manifesting disapproval of the alliance of the godly, with Ahaziah "who did very wickedly. Jehoshaphat therefore, when he built a new fleet of merchant ships (as the phrase "ships of Tarshish" means; the other reading is "had ten ships"), in which undertaking Ahaziah wanted to share, declined further alliance; bitter experience taught him the danger of evil communications (1 Corinthians 15:33). He allied himself with Jehoram of Israel, brother of the former Ahaziah (in spite of the warning God gave him in the fatal issue of the alliance of godly Jehoshaphat, his paternal grandfather, with wicked Ahab), against Hazael of Syria at Ramoth Gilead. Jehu allowed Ahaziah's attendants to bury him honorably in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David, "because, said they, he is the son grandson of Jehoshaphat, who sought the Lord with all his heart
Eliezer - ...
...
A prophet in the time of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 20:37 )
Hinnom, Valley of - It opens out into an oblong space, the site of Topher, where now are gardens watered by Siloam, before it meets the valley of Jehoshaphat or Kedron on the S
Ophel - the "swelling declivity" by which the temple hill slopes off on its southern side as a long round narrow promontory between the mouth of the Tyropeon central valley of the city and the Kedron valley of Jehoshaphat
Asa - After his death, apparently from natural causes, he was succeeded by his son Jehoshaphat or Josaphat (KJV)
Jehiel - Son of Jehoshaphat, slain by Jehoram
Ship - Ships of Tharshish are also mentioned both in connection with Solomon and Jehoshaphat
je-i'el - ) ...
A Gershonite Levite, one of the Bene-Asaph, forefather of Jahaziel in the time of King Jehoshaphat
Adonijah - Levite in the time of Jehoshaphat
Tarshish - "Ships of Tarshish" are mentioned often: Psalms 48:7, "Thou brakest the ships of Tarshish with an east wind," alluding with undesigned coincidence to the event recorded 2 Chronicles 20:36-37; "Jehoshaphat joined himself with Ahaziah king of Israel to make ships to go to Tarshish . The ships of Tarshish built at Ezion Geber on the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea (1 Kings 22:48) were intended by Jehoshaphat to trade with Africa and India; but a copyist in 2 Chronicles 20:36 makes them go to Tarshish
Zechariah - Community leader Jehoshaphat the king sent to teach in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7 ). Son of Jehoshaphat the king whom his brother Jehoram killed upon becoming king (2 Chronicles 21:2-4 )
Zechariah - One of the princes of Judah whom Jehoshaphat sent with priests and Levites to teach the people. Son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah
Jehosh'Aphat - In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion. After this, perhaps, must be dated the war which Jehoshaphat, in conjunction with Jehoram king of Israel and the king of Edom, carried on against the rebellious king of Moab
Jehoshaphat - Jehoshaphat at first fortified the cities of Judah and those of Ephraim taken by Asa (2 Chronicles 17:2) to secure himself against Israel. ) A fatal union (1 Corinthians 15:33)! Many facts attest the intimacy between the two dynasties; (See ELIJAH'S avoiding Judah when fleeing from Ahab; the same names given in the two families; Jehovah's name compounded in names of Ahab's idolatrous children; Jehoshaphat's readiness to go with (See AHAB to battle at Ramoth Gilead. Jehoshaphat then again, besides the former commission (2 Chronicles 17:9) in the third year of his reign, took up the work of reformation and went out in person through the people from Beersheba in the S. Jehoshaphat's directions are a rule for judges in all ages: "take heed what ye do, for ye judge not for man but for the Lord, who is with you in the judgment; wherefore now let the fear of the Lord be upon you . round about Judah" (so Genesis 35:5), that was his main defense, "so that they made no war on Jehoshaphat. This remark is introduced to show how Jehoshaphat was able to make ships of Tarshish (i. Jehoshaphat allied himself with the wicked Ahaziah in this enterprise. Ahaziah in vain tried to induce Jehoshaphat to repeat the attempt. )...
Jehoshaphat's piety shone brightly on this occasion. ...
Jahaziel then gave the promise from God (compare Exodus 14:13-14), and Jehoshaphat and all Judah bowed with face to the ground. As the people went forth the following morning Jehoshaphat urged the people to faith as the receptive state needed on their part for ensuring God's promised blessing: "Believe in the Lord your God, so shall ye be established" (compare Isaiah 7:9; Matthew 9:28-29). ...
Jehoshaphat and his people were three days gathering the spoil
Jehoram - Jehoram, king of Judah, had two accessions recorded in Scripture, and an earlier one not recorded, but conjectured by Usher;...
(1) probably when Jehoshaphat went from his kingdom to Ramoth Gilead battle in his 17th year (2 Kings 3:1);...
(2) when he retired from the administration, making his son joint king, in his 23rd year (2 Kings 8:16 margin);...
(3) at Jehoshaphat's death, in his 25th year. (2 Chronicles 21:1; 1 Kings 22:50 margin)...
Thus, the accession of Jehoram king of Israel in Jehoshaphat's 18th year synchronized with...
(1) the second year after the first accession (2 Kings 1:17), and...
(2) the fifth year before the second accession, of Jehoram king of Judah (2 Kings 8:16). There was a close alliance between Judah and Israel, begun by Ahab his father with Jehoshaphat and continued by himself. With Judah (whose territory Moab had invaded, 2 Chronicles 20, and so provoked Jehoshaphat) and Edom as allies, Jehoram warred against Mesha, who had since Ahaziah's reign (2 Kings 1:1) withheld the yearly tribute due to Israel, "100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams" (Keil) (2 Kings 3; Isaiah 16:1). of the Dead Sea, then northwards through Edom and the rocky valley Ahsy which separates Edom from Moab, but for Elisha who had a regard for Jehoshaphat, and brought water to fill the wady Ahsy miraculously from God; the water was collected for use in (Jeremiah 14:3) the ditches made by his direction. ...
Jehoshaphat's influence produced a compromise on both sides, to the spiritual good of neither, as always happens in compromises between the world and the church. He thinks the 25 distinct years assigned to Jehoshaphat a mistake, that 22 is the real number, three being added for the three last years of Asa his father, when incapacitated by disease in the feet he devolved the kingly duties on Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 16:12). Three years were then added, to Ahab's reign to make the whole number of years of the kings of Israel tally with the whole number of the years of the kings of Judah, unduly lengthened by the three added to Jehoshaphat's reign. JEHORAM, son of Jehoshaphat, succeeded at the age of 32 and reigned 892 to 884 B. Edom, heretofore tributary to Jehoshaphat, made a king over themselves (1 Kings 22:47; 2 Kings 3:9; 2 Samuel 8:14) and revolted; and only by a night surprise did Jehoram extricate himself at Zair (2 Kings 8:20-22, for which the copyist in 2 Chronicles 21:9 has "with his princes"), in Edom, from "the Edomites who compassed him in. " Libnah a fenced city (2 Kings 19:8) also revolted, probably as being given by Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:3) to one of those sons whom Jehoram had murdered. " Then those surrounding peoples, upon whom the fear of the Lord had been in Jehoshaphat's days so that they made no war, nay even gave presents and tribute to him, as the Philistines and the Arabians (2 Chronicles 17:10-11) near the Ethiopians, now were stirred up by the Lord against Jehoram. A priest in the time of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:8)
Elishama - Priest under King Jehoshaphat (873-848 B
Shemaiah - ...
...
One of the Levites whom Jehoshaphat appointed to teach the law (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Asahel - A Levite during the reign of Jehoshaphat, Asa's son
Jehu - In 2 Chronicles 2:18, it is said, that this prophet wrote the records of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah
Elie'Zar - (1 Chronicles 27:16 ) ...
Son of Dodavah, of Mareshah in Judah, (2 Chronicles 20:37 ) a prophet, who rebuked Jehoshaphat for joining himself with Ahaziah king of Israel
mi'Chael - (1 Chronicles 27:18 ) ...
One of the sons of Jehoshaphat who were murdered by their elder brother, Jehoram
Azariah - 1 Chronicles 6:10 , Ezra 7:3 , father of Amariah, who was high priest under Jehoshaphat. 2 Chronicles 21:2 , Azariah and Azariahu , two of the sons of Jehoshaphat
Ahaziah - Having joined the king Jehoshaphat in a commercial enterprise on the Red Sea, his impiety blasted the whole
Mesha - " (See JEHORAM, Jehoshaphat, ELISHA, ENGEDI, CHEMOSH, on the confederacy against Mesha and the superstitions indignation raised against Israel because of their reducing him to such desperation that he sacrificed his own son (Micah 6:7), so that the allies departed to their own land
Ahaziah - He united with Jehoshaphat in an attempt to revive maritime trade by the Red Sea, which proved a failure (2Chronicles 20:35-37)
Tophet - It terminates at Beer 'Ayub, where it joins the Valley of Jehoshaphat
Hanani - Jehu his son was equally faithful in reproving Baasha and Asa's son Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 16:1; 1 Kings 16:7; 2 Chronicles 19:2; 2 Chronicles 20:34)
Ahaziah - Ahaziah of Judah was son of Jehoram and grandson of Jehoshaphat
Athaliah - She was the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and was married to Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat
Amariah - The chief priest and highest judge of matters involving religious law under King Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 19:11 )
Kedron - The course of the brook is along the valley of Jehoshaphat, to the south-west corner of the city, and then turning to the south, it runs to the Dead Sea
Jehoshaphat - Jehoshaphat was beguiled by Ahab into an unsuccessful war with the Syrians, but soon resumed his labors in behalf of religion and justice
Nethan'e-el - (1 Chronicles 26:4 ) ...
One of the princes of Judah whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach in the cities of his kingdom
Armageddon - Both this and "the valley of Jehoshaphat" (the scene of his great victory, Zechariah 14:2-436 compare 1618389254_2) may be figurative phrases for the scene of the final conflict of Christ and Antichrist
Jehonathan - Levite King Jehoshaphat sent to teach God's law in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Michael - Son of King Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2 )
Jahaziel - Under the Spirit, who came upon him, he encouraged Jehoshaphat and the congregation of Judah in the house of the Lord, before the new court: "thus saith the Lord unto you, Be not
Kidron, Kedron, Brook - See Jehoshaphat,VALLEY OF
Arabians - So did Jehoshaphat, 2 Chronicles 17:11 ; but in the days of Jehoram they attacked him, plundered his house, and carried away his wives and some of his sons, 2 Chronicles 21:17 ; 2 Chronicles 22:1
Table of Kings And Prophets in Israel And Judah - ...
914...
Jehoshaphat,...
Jehu
Mattani'ah - (Nehemiah 12:25,35 ) ...
A descendant of Asaph, and ancestor of Jahaziel the Levite, in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Mesha - After the death of Ahab at Ramoth-Gilead, Mesha shook off the yoke of Israel; but on the ascension of Jehoram to the throne of Israel, that king sought the help of Jehoshaphat in an attempt to reduce the Moabites again to their former condition
Obadiah - ...
...
One of the princes sent by Jehoshaphat to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Nethaneel - Prince of Judah whom King Jehoshaphat sent out with others to teach the law of God in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Obadiah - One of five officials Jehoshaphat sent throughout the cities of Judah to teach “the book of the law of the Lord” (2 Chronicles 17:7-9 )
Ambush - God set ambushes against Moab, Ammon, and Edom to defeat them for King Jehoshaphat (873-848 B
Jehiel - Son of King Jehoshaphat slain by his brother King Jehoram when the latter ascended to the throne (2 Chronicles 21:1-4 )
Bethesda - He suggests that the true Bethesda may perhaps be "The Fountain of the Virgin," so called, in the lower part of the valley of Jehoshaphat, eight hundred and fifty feet south of the temple area
Jehosh'Aphat, Valley of - At what period the name "valley of Jehoshaphat" was first applied to this spot is unknown
Zechariah - One of the princes of Judah in the days of Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 17:7 ). Son of Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 21:3 )
Kings - The first book of Kings commences with an account of the death of David, and contains a period of a hundred and twenty-six years, to the death of Jehoshaphat; and the second book of Kings continues the history of the kings of Israel and Judah through a period of three hundred years, to the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. We elsewhere read that Shemaiah the prophet, and Iddo the seer, wrote the Acts of Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 12:15 ; that Jehu wrote the Acts of Jehoshaphat, 2 Chronicles 20:34 ; and Isaiah those of Uzziah and Hezekiah, 2 Chronicles 26:22 ; 2 Chronicles 32:32
Amariah - 2 Chronicles 19:11 , a high priest in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Architecture - Late Egyptian influence has been traced in the tombs of the Valley of Jehoshaphat, but the prevailing influence from the beginning of the 3rd cent
me'Sha - When Jehoram succeeded to the throne of Israel, one of his first acts was to secure the assistance of Jehoshaphat, his father's ally, in reducing the Moabites to their former condition of tributaries
Jehoshaphat - But, the alliance involved a marriage between Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram and Ahab's daughter Athaliah. Jehoshaphat retained the office under Solomon (1 Kings 4:3 )
Athaliah - Daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, married Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram, king of Judah. It was a union (compare 2 Chronicles 21:3-43; 1 Corinthians 6:14-18) fatal to the cause of piety in Judah, a cause which the godly Jehoshaphat had so much at heart. Worldly policy, the hope of reuniting Israel to Judah, and concession to his son, whose reckless violence was afterward seen in the murder of his own brothers (1618389254_10), infatuated Jehoshaphat to sanction the union
Engedi - The route of the Moabites and Ammonites invading Jehoshaphat was by Engedi, and still the marauding hordes from Moab pass round the S
Eliezer - Son of Dodavah: he was the prophet who rebuked Jehoshaphat for joining himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, for Ahaziah 'did very wickedly
Engedi - During the reign of Jehoshaphat, Moabites, Ammonites, and others gathered at Engedi to attack Judah (1618389254_9 )
Gebal - round the Dead Sea, let no tidings reach Jehoshaphat until he heard that a great multitude was within his territory at Engedi (2 Chronicles 20:2; 2 Chronicles 20:7-11; 2 Chronicles 20:14; 2 Chronicles 20:18-19)
Adoni'Jah - (1 Kings 2:25 ) ...
A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Ahab - Soon after, having gone with Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, to regain Ramoth-gilead from the Syrians, and joined battle with them in defiance of Jehovah, he was slain, and dogs licked up his blood at the pool of Samaria, 1 Kings 16:29-22:40
Enrogel - At the southern extremity of the valley of Hinnom near its junction with the valley of Jehoshaphat
Jehohanan - A military commander under King Jehoshaphat of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:15 )
Eliezer - The son of Dodavahu of Mareshah, who prophesied the destruction of the fleet of ships which Jehoshaphat built in co-operation with Ahaziah ( 2 Chronicles 20:37 )
Yale, Valley - emeq, 'valley or plain,' more resembles an English 'valley': it is applied to Achor, Ajalon, Baca, Berachah, Beth-aram, 'of decision' ( Joel 3:14 ); Elah; 'of the giants' (Joshua 15:8 ; Joshua 18:16 ); Gibeon, Hebron, Jehoshaphat, Jezreel, Keziz, 'of the King,' or 'the King's Dale' (Genesis 14:17 ; 2 Samuel 18:18 ); Rephaim, Shaveh, Siddim, and Succoth
Obadiah - Prince sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the people
Load - ...
Once the word represents that which is borne to a lord, a “tribute”: “Also some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, and tribute silver …” ( Jehoram - Judah’s Jehoram was the son of the good king Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:50)
Kidron (1) - It is always dry except during and immediately after heavy rain; it is the same valley that is referred to as the Valley of Jehoshaphat (wh. It is interesting that the custom of burying Israelites there, which is observed to-day (see Jehoshaphat [2]), is referred to in 2 Kings 23:4 ; 2Ki 23:6 ; 2 Kings 23:12 , and 2 Chronicles 34:5
Ahab - At a later date Ahab entered into alliance with Judah, giving his daughter Athaliab in marriage to Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat ( 2 Kings 8:18 ). Ahab therefore tried to recover Ramoth-gilead, being assisted by Jehoshaphat of Judah
Jehu - Son of Jehoshaphat, a son of Nimshi: tenth king of Israel and founder of the fifth dynasty: he reigned from B. Son of Hanani and a prophet of Judah: he announced the judgement of God against Baasha and rebuked Jehoshaphat
Azari'ah - ) ...
Son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. C 910) ...
Another son of Jehoshaphat, and brother of the preceding
Jehoshaphat - The Moabites formed a great and powerful confederacy with the surrounding nations, and came against Jehoshaphat. Soon after this Jehoshaphat died, after a reign of twenty-five years, being sixty years of age, and was succeeded by his son Jehoram (1 Kings 22:50 )
Olives - A mountain ridge to the east of Jerusalem, from which it is separated by the valley of Jehoshaphat
Medeba - Joram and Jehoshaphat made an unsuccessful attempt to retake these cities ( 2 Kings 3:1-27 ), but Jeroboam II
Pools of Solomon - , in the wilderness of Tekoa, Jehoshaphat assembled his army in the valley of Berachah ("blessing"), and there blessed the Lord
Fly - , David (2 Samuel 12:14), Solomon (1 Kings 11), Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 18; 2 Chronicles 19:2), Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:21-22)
Ahazi'ah - The only other recorded transaction of his reign, his endeavor to join the king of Judah in trading to Ophir, is related under Jehoshaphat
Jeiel - Ancestor of Levite who prophesied under Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 20:14 )
Join - Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance, and joined affinity with Ahab
Micah, Micaiah - Micaiah, the son of Imlah ; a prophet of Jahweh who is called by Ahab, at the request of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, to prophesy concerning the result of a projected expedition against the Syrians. Micaiah , one of the teachers sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the commandments of Jahweh in the cities of Judah ( 2 Chronicles 17:7 )
Shemai'ah - (Jeremiah 29:24-32 ) ...
A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Michael - A son of king Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 21:2 )
Remembrancer - We find this officer, in the court of David, in the person of Jehoshaphat
Melchizedek - When Abram returned from the slaughter of the Assyrians, in his way to Hebron, he was met at Shaveh, or King's Dale, afterward the valley of Jehoshaphat, between Jerusalem and Mount Olivet, by Melchizedek, king of Salem, the most ancient quarter of Jerusalem, a priest of the most high God, who gave him bread and wine, and blessed him in the name of the "most high God, Creator of heaven and earth;" to whom Abram in return piously gave tithes, or the tenth part of all the spoils as an offering to God, Hebrews 7:2
Obadi'ah - ) ...
One of the Princes of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Tarshish (1) - The name is used of the ships of Jehoshaphat and Abaziah, which sailed for Ophir from Ezion-geber ( 1 Kings 22:48 , 2 Chronicles 20:36 )
Ophir - Jehoshaphat, essaying to send to Ophir, lost his ships ( 1 Kings 22:48 )
Caves - Owing to the abundance of grottoes in the valley of Jehoshaphat, tradition assigns to them the sites of such unlikely events to occur in them as the birth of the Virgin, the annunciation, the salutation, the Baptist's and our Lord's birth, the agony, Peter's denial, the composition of the Apostles' Creed, and the transfiguration
Gihon - of Gihon in the valley (nachal ), "wady", or "torrent", the word employed for the valley of Kedron or Jehoshaphat E
Shemaiah - Levite whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people
Alliance - Asa and Baasha contended for alliance with Benhadad ( 1 Kings 15:19 ), and Judah and Israel themselves are allied during the reigns of Jehoshaphat and Ahab
Ahab - After this Ahab made another attack upon Syria, and his 400 prophets foretold that he would be successful; and he, though warned of his danger by the prophet Micaiah, went into battle accompanied by Jehoshaphat king of Judah, his ally
a'Hab - After this great success Ahab enjoyed peace for three years, when he attacked Ramoth in Gilead, on the east of Jordan, in conjunction with Jehoshaphat king of Judah, which town he claimed as belonging to Israel
e'Dom, Idumae'a - (2 Samuel 8:13,14 ) In the reign of Jehoshaphat (B
Shemaiah - Levite in days of Jehoshaphat (873-848 B
Red Sea - Jehoshaphat was less successful ( 1 Kings 22:48 )
Azariah - Grandson of the Azariah 2, high priest under Abijah and Asa, as Amariah his son was in the days of Jehoshaphat son of Asa
Kohathites - When Jehoshaphat sought deliverance from the Moabites and Ammonites, the Kohathites led the people in prayer and praise (2 Chronicles 20:19 )
Azariah - Two of the sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah
Mount Olivet - ) This hallowed mount is situated at the east of Jerusalem, being separated only by the brook Kedron, and the valley of Jehoshaphat
Ahab - In a third campaign, having attempted, in alliance with Jehoshaphat, to retake Ramoth-gilead, still occupied by the Syrians, Ahab, though he disguised himself, was mortally wounded; and the dogs licked up the blood washed from his chariot in the pool of Samaria
Olives - The Mount of Olives was situated to the east of Jerusalem, and divided from the city only by the brook Kidron, and by the valley of Jehoshaphat, which stretches out from the north to the south. There are two roads to it; one passes over the Mount of Olives; the other, which is the shorter and easier, winds round the eastern end, having the greater part of the hill on the north or left hand, and on the right the elevation called by some writers the Mount of Offence, which is, however, very little above the valley of Jehoshaphat
Tomb - --Besides the tombs above enumerated, there are around Jerusalem, in the valleys of Hinnom and Jehoshaphat and on the plateau to the north, a number of remarkable rock-cut sepulchres, with more or less architectural decoration, sufficient to enable us to ascertain that they are all of nearly the same age, and to assert with very tolerable confidence that the epoch to which they belong must be between the introduction of Roman influence and the destruction of the city by Titus, A. The principal remaining architectural sepulchres may be divided into three groups: first, those existing in the valley of Jehoshaphat, and known popularly as the tombs of Zechariah of St. The people still cling to their ancient cemeteries in the valley of Jehoshaphat with a tenacity singularly characteristic of the east
Brazen Serpent - It had been kept from the days of Moses, in memory of a miracle, in the same manner as the pot of manna was: and Asa and Jehoshaphat did not extirpate it when they rooted out idolatry, because in their reign they did not observe that the people worshipped this serpent, or burnt incense to it; and therefore they left it as a memorial
Zechariah - One of Judah's princes under Jehoshaphat, sent to teach the law of Jehovah in Judah's cities (2 Chronicles 17:7). Son of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2), slain by Jehoram
Zechari'ah - ) ...
One of the princes of Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat. (2 Chronicles 20:14 ) ...
One of the sons of Jehoshaphat
Judah, Kingdom of - The fighting men of Judah under David were 500,000 (2 Samuel 24:9); under Rehoboam only 180,000 (1 Kings 12:21); under Abijah 400,000 (2 Chronicles 13:3); under Asa 580,000 (2 Chronicles 14:8); under Jehoshaphat 1,160,000 (2 Chronicles 17:14-19); under Uzziah 307,500 (2 Chronicles 26:13). A new policy began with Jehoshaphat, and lasted for 80 years down to Amaziah, that of alliance with Israel against Syria. (See Jehoshaphat
Tobiah - A Levite employed by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8)
Arabia - Solomon received gold from it, 1 Kings 10:15; 2 Chronicles 9:14; Jehoshaphat flocks, 2 Chronicles 17:11; some of its people were at Jerusalem at the Pentecost, Acts 2:11; Paul visited it, Galatians 1:17; the prophecies of Isaiah and Jeremiah frequently refer to it
Jehu - Later this same prophet brought God’s message to the Judean king Jehoshaphat. He also wrote the court record of Jehoshaphat’s reign (2 Chronicles 19:2; 2 Chronicles 20:34)
Kings, Books of - A complete example is the following: ‘Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab, king of Israel. Thirty-five years old was Jehoshaphat when he began to reign; and twenty-five years he reigned in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Azubah, daughter of Shilhi. … And the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat and the mighty deeds which he did are they not written in the Book of Annals of the kings of Judah?… And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David, and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead’ ( 1 Kings 22:41-43 ; 1 Kings 22:45 ; 1 Kings 22:50 ). The next rank is accorded to Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoash of Judah, Amaziah, Uzziah, and Jotham, and we notice that they all effected certain reforms in the Temple. Thus in the case of Jehoshaphat he inserts in his framework a brief notice to the effect that this king made peace with Israel
Tombs - , eleven (David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Ahaziah, Amaziah, Jotham, Hezekiah, Josiah; also the good priest Jehoiada) were buried in one common subterranean receptacle in "the city of David. In the valley of Hinnom and Jehoshaphat, and on the high land N. In the rear of the monolith is a sepulchral cavern called "the tomb of Jehoshaphat. The architecture is that of "the tomb of Jehoshaphat," and has a Greek pediment of an age later than the debased Roman of "the tomb of Absalom. The facade is Roman Doric, with bunches of grapes and local foliage, evidently of the same age as the "tomb of Jehoshaphat" and "of the judges
Chronology of the Old Testament - For example, we learn that Jehoshaphat of Judah came to the throne in the fourth year of Ahab of Israel; also that Ahab reigned 22 years. Yet we are told that Ahaziah, who followed Ahab after his death, came to the throne in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat, and in addition that Ahaziah’s brother Jehoram, who could be crowned only after the two years’ reign assigned to the latter, succeeded in the eighteenth of Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:41 ; 1 Kings 22:51 , 2 Kings 3:1 )
Genealogy of the Lord Jesus - In 2 Chronicles 22:9 Ahaziah is called the son of Jehoshaphat; whereas he was his grandson; and by comparing the generations in 1 Chronicles 6:3-15 with Ezra 7:1-5 seven names will be found to be omitted in the latter
Brother - One example is found in 2 Kings 9:2: “And when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi, and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber” (cf
Israel, Kingdom of - War, with varying success, was carried on between the two kingdoms for about sixty years, till Jehoshaphat entered into an alliance with the house of Ahab
Edom - ...
Apparently Judah gained the upper hand against Edom again during the reign of Jehoshaphat. Edom regained independence from Judah under Joram, who succeeded Jehoshaphat to the throne (1618389254_6 )
Moab And the Moabite Stone - 2 Kings 3:1 describes a military campaign undertaken by King Jehoram of Israel and supported by King Jehoshaphat of Judah which penetrated Moab proper and culminated in a siege of Kir-hareseth. See Kir-hareseth ; Arnon River; Transjordan ; King Mesha; Ruth ; Jehoram (of Israel); Jehoshaphat
Urim And Thummim - The oracles of the Lord were thenceforth delivered by the prophets; as by Ahijah to Jeroboam 1 Kings 11:29 ; by Shemaiah to Rehoboam, 1 Kings 12:22 ; by Elijah to Ahab, 1 Kings 17:1 ; 1 Kings 21:17-29 ; by Michaiah to Ahab and Jehoshaphat, 1 Kings 22:7 ; by Elisha to Jehoshaphat and Jehoram, 2 Kings 3:11-14 ; by Isaiah to Hezekiah, 2 Kings 19:6-34 ; 2 Kings 20:1-11 ; by Huldah to Josiah, 2 Kings 22:13-20 ; by Jeremiah to Zedekiah, Jeremiah 32:3-5 , &c
Shemaiah - A Levite, teacher of the Law in Judah under Jehoshaphat ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 )
Fast, Fasting - Jehoshaphat, when the children of Moab and of Ammon came against him, proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah, and asked help of the Lord
Brook - ’ As early as Eusebius and Jerome it was known as the Valley of Jehoshaphat, Joel 3:2 [5]
Gershon, Gershonites - (4) Jahaziel, an Asaphite, prophesied to Jehoshaphat before the battle of En-gedi ( 2 Chronicles 20:14-17 )
Throne - ” Micaiah said in the presence of Ahab and Jehoshaphat: “Hear thou therefore the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left” (1 Kings 22:19)
Sion - To the north, the wall of Jerusalem, which passes over the top of Sion, intercepts the view of the city, the site of which gradually slopes toward the Valley of Jehoshaphat
Jehu - ...
...
King of Israel, the son of Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 9:2 ), and grandson of Nimshi
Edom - Jehoshaphat of Judah reduced the Edomites 897 B. Edom was also linked with Ammon and Moab in the desperate effort made to root out Israel from his divinely given inheritance (their main guilt, 2 Chronicles 20:11; Psalms 83:12) under Jehoshaphat, as recorded in 2 Chronicles 20. No news reached Jehoshaphat until the vast multitude was in his territory at Engedi; "they have taken crafty counsel," etc. Psalm 48 was sung "in the midst of God's temple" (Psalms 48:9); Psalms 48:7 alludes to Jehoshaphat's chastisement in the breaking of his Tarshish ships for his ungodly alliance
Tar'Shish - Thus, with regard to the ships of Tarshish, which Jehoshaphat caused to be constructed at Ezion-geber on the Elanitic Gulf of the Red Sea, (1 Kings 22:48 ) it is said in the Chronicles, (2 Chronicles 20:36 ) that they were made to go to Tarshish; and in like manner the navy of ships, which Solomon had previously made in Ezion-geber, (1 Kings 9:26 ) is said in the Chronicles, (2 Chronicles 9:21 ) to have gone to Tarshish with the servants of Hiram
Elisha - ...
We then find Elisha at Damascus, to carry out the command given to his master to anoint Hazael king over Syria (2 Kings 8:7-15 ); thereafter he directs one of the sons of the prophets to anoint Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Israel, instead of Ahab
Zechariah - ...
...
One who assisted in teaching the law to the people in the time of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:7 ). ...
...
One of Jehoshaphat's sons (2 Chronicles 21:2 )
Beer-Sheba - This idiom also served to show the extent of the reforms of three southern kings: Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 19:4 , “Beer-sheba to mount Ephraim”), Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 30:5 , “Beer-sheba even to Dan”), and Josiah (2 Kings 23:8 , “from Geba to Beer-sheba”)
Army - ' Afterwards Asa had 580,000 'mighty men of valour;' and Jehoshaphat, who had waxed great exceedingly, had as many as 1,160,000 men, besides those left in the fenced cities
Zacharias - " By Joash's command they stoned Zacharias "in the court of the house of Jehovah!" And to it the tradition may be due which assigns the tomb in the valley of Jehoshaphat to Zacharias
Complete - War between the two kingdoms ended when Jehoshaphat “… made peace with the king of Israel” (1 Kings 22:44)
War - Under Jehoshaphat this was altered, and there were five unequal corps, under as many commanders
Edom, Edomites - ...
During the monarchy Saul is said to have fought the Edomites (1 Samuel 14:47 ); David conquered Edom and put garrisons in the country ( 2 Samuel 8:13-14 ); Edom regained its independence under Solomon ( 1 Kings 11:14-22 ); Jehoshaphat a century later reconquered Edom (cf
Joel, Book of - They are called to arm themselves, to bring all their mighty men, and to come unto the valley of Jehoshaphat, which is the valley of judgement, and there God will deal with them
Moab - ) His first, step was, he secured the cooperation of Ammon and others enumerated in Psalms 83:8-7, in an invasion of Judah, which was before Jehoshaphat's alliance with Ahaziah (2 Chronicles 20:1-35), therefore still earlier than the invasion of Moab by the confederate kings of Edom, Israel (Jehoram, Ahaziah's son), and Judah (2 Kings 3). (See Jehoshaphat; JEHORAM; ELISHA; EDOM. Then followed the joint invasion of Moab by Jehoshaphat of Judah, Jehoram of Israel, and the king of Edom (2 Kings 3). His mistaking the water glowing red with the morning sun for the mutually shed blood of the invaders (which observe he remembered had happened to his own and the allied forces attacking Jehoshaphat) caused Moab to rush forward for spoil, only to be slaughtered by the allies
Elisha - As the Lord liveth, were it not out of respect to Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah, who is here present, I would not so much as look on thee. Elisha sent one of the sons of the prophets to anoint Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, and grandson of Nimshi, to be king, in pursuance of an order given to Elijah some years before; and Jehu having received the royal unction, executed every thing that had been foretold by Elijah against Ahab's family, and against Jezebel
Jeru'Salem - The eastern one --the valley of the Kedron, commonly called the valley of Jehoshaphat --runs nearly straight from north by south. But the western one --the valley of Hinnom-- runs south for a time, and then takes a sudden bend to the east until it meets the valley of Jehoshaphat, after which the two rush off as one to the Dead Sea. The southern continuation of the eastern hill was named OPHEL , which gradually came to a point at the junction of the valleys Tyropoeon and Jehoshaphat; and the norther BEZETHA, "the new city," first noticed by Josephus, which was separated from Moriah by an artificial ditch, and overlooked the valley of Kedron on the east; this hill was enclosed within the walls of Herod Agrippa. At the junction of the valleys of Hinnom and Jehoshaphat was ENROGEL , the "Well of Job," in the midst of the king's gardens. The whole of the slopes south of the Haram area (the ancient Ophel), and the modern Zion, and the west side of the valley of Jehoshaphat, presents the appearance of gigantic mounds of rubbish
Psalms - ...
"It is presumed that these several collections were made at times of high religious life: the first, probably, near the close of David's life; the second in the days of Solomon; the third by the singers of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 20:19 ); the fourth by the men of Hezekiah (29,30,31); and the fifth in the days of Ezra
High Places - Asa in one place is said to have taken away the high places, in another not so; also Jehoshaphat similarly
Azariah - Two sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (873-848 B
Ishmael - Father of Zebadiah a ruler under Jehoshaphat
Commerce - Oriental commerce, however, was chiefly carried on by land: accordingly, vessels are hardly mentioned in the Bible, except in Psalms 107:23-30 , and in passages where the discourse turns upon the Phenicians, or upon the naval affairs of Solomon and Jehoshaphat. The attempt made by Jehoshaphat to restore it was frustrated, by his ships being dashed upon the rocks and destroyed, Jonah 1:35 ; 2 Chronicles 20:36
Hazael - ...
Joash saved Jerusalem only by "sending to Hazael all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, and Ahaziah his fathers had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold in the treasures of the house of the Lord, and in the king's house" (2 Kings 12:18)
Kohath, Kohathites - (4) Under Jehoshaphat they led the song of praise at the battle of En-gedi ( 2 Chronicles 20:19 )
Justice - Samuel established virtually a circuit court, 1 Samuel 7:16 8:1 ; and among the kings, Jehoshaphat made special provision for the faithful administration of justice, 2 Chronicles 19:1-11
Elijah - ...
His not having heretofore moved to the neighboring land of godly Jehoshaphat, and his now fleeing to its most southerly town, farthest from Ahab's dominion, and thence into the desert, at first sight seems strange. But upon closer search into Scripture it is an undesigned propriety that he avoids the land of the king whose one grand error was his marrying his son Jehoram to Athaliah, Ahab's and Jezebel's daughter, at least as early as the sixth or seventh year of Jehoshaphat and the tenth or eleventh of Ahab (Blunt's Undesigned Coincidences); thereby he became so closely allied to the ungodly Ahab that at the Ramoth Gilead expedition he said to the latter, "I am as thou art, my people as thy people" (1 Kings 22:4). ...
Shortly afterward Elijah wrote a letter (miqtab ) which came subsequently "to Joram," son of the pious Jehoshaphat: "Thus saith the Lord God of David thy father (of whom thou art proving thyself so unworthy a successor), because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat thy father, nor. the house of Ahab, and hast slain (Elijah writes foreseeing the murder, for his translation was before Jehoshaphat's death, 2 Kings 3:11, after which was the murder) the brethren of thy father's house which were better than thyself, behold with a great plague will the Lord smite thy people, thy children, thy wives, and all thy goods, and thou shalt have great sickness . ...
Already in Elijah's lifetime Joram had begun to reign jointly with his father Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 8:16; 2 Kings 8:18) and had betrayed his evil spirit which was fostered by Athaliah his wife, Ahab's daughter. Jehoshaphat in his lifetime, with worldly prudence, while giving the throne to Joram, gave Joram's brethren "great gifts and fenced cities. " But Elijah discerned in Joram the covetous and murderous spirit which would frustrate all Jehoshaphat's forethought, the fatal result of the latter's carnal policy in forming marriage alliance with wicked Ahab
Jerusalem - , the valley of Jehoshaphat on the E. also the view reaches along the upper part of the valley of Jehoshaphat. The eastern ravine, the valley of Kedron or Jehoshaphat running from N. of the promontory) until it meets the valley of Jehoshaphat at Bir Ayub; thence as one they descend steeply toward the Dead Sea. Jehoshaphat, Asa's son, probably added "the new court" to the temple (2 Chronicles 20:5). ...
The fourth siege of Jerusalem was in the reign of Jehoram, Jehoshaphat's son
Ahab - ...
With Jehoshaphat, in spite of the prophet Micaiah's warning, and urged on by an evil spirit in the false prophets, he tried to recover Ramoth Gilead (1 Kings 22). Conscience made Ahab a coward, and selfishness made him reckless of his professed friendship to Jehoshaphat
Elisha - Jehoshaphat king of Judah joined with Jehoram king of Israel, and the king of Edom, to attack Moab; but they had no water. Elisha was sought for, and he boldly told Jehoram to go to the gods of his father and mother: if Jehoshaphat had not been there he would not have helped them, nevertheless there was grace for them
Triumphs - But the most remarkable festivity, perhaps, on the records of history, was celebrated by Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah, in a succeeding age. " After the discomfiture of their enemies, he assembled his array in the valley of Beracha, near the scene of victory, where they resumed the anthem of religious praise: "Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the fore front of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the Lord had made them to rejoice over their enemies
Micaiah - Consulted by Ahab at Jehoshaphat's request when undertaking the joint expedition against Ramoth Gilead, which Benhadad had engaged to restore (1 Kings 20:35-4348). ) Jehoshaphat begged for some "prophet of Jehovah besides," unconnected with the calf symbolism forbidden by the second commandment
Garden - " The "king's garden" (2 Kings 25:4; Nehemiah 3:15; Jeremiah 34:4; Jeremiah 52:7) was near the pool of Siloam, at the Tyropoeon valley, where the valleys of Jehoshaphat and Hinnom met
Strength - Jehoshaphat “placed forces in all the fenced cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah …” ( Baal (1) - His influence and that of king Jehoshaphat produced its effect in the following reign and that of Jehu
Moab, Moabites - ...
In the time of Jehoshaphat the children of Moab, Ammon and mount Seir attacked Judah, but God made the battle His own and caused them to attack one another
Chronicles, i - Kings distinctly says that Asa and Jehoshaphat did not abolish the high places, although they did what was right in the sight of the Lord ( 1 Kings 15:14 ; 1 Kings 22:43 ). 1 Chronicles 2:3 tells how Jehoshaphat built ‘Tarshish-ships,’ i
Army - Jehoshaphat divided his into five bodies (answering to the five geographical divisions then), but virtually Judah's heavy armed men formed the main army, the two light armed divisions of Benjamin the subsidiary bodies. Jehoshaphat's army was 1,160,000 (2 Chronicles 17:14-18)
High Place - Jehoshaphat was a man of God who followed the ways of David by seeking after God, but he followed a pattern similar to Asa of initially removing the high places (2 Chronicles 17:1-9 ) but not totally eliminating them from Judah (1 Kings 22:43 ; 2 Chronicles 20:33 )
Burial - The "graves of the children of the people" were and are in the valley of Kedron or Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 23:6); and on the graves of them that had sacrificed to the idols and groves Josiah strawed the dust of their idols (2 Chronicles 34:4): "the graves of the common people" outside the city (Jeremiah 26:23)
Gentiles - Joel depicted the judgment of the nations who had abused Israel in the valley of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:12-16 )
Fast, Fasting - Jehoshaphat later, and with much nobler motives, called for such an assembly in order to implore God's intercession on Judah's behalf (2 Chronicles 20:3 )
Absalom - The so-called tomb of Absalom, in the valley of Jehoshaphat outside Jerusalem, betrays its modern origin by Ionic columns; and besides could not have outlasted the various sieges and conquests to which the city has been exposed
Mount of Olives - The Jews have a strong sentiment about being buried on this spot, the slopes of the ‘Valley of Jehoshaphat’ being traditionally, with them and with the Moslems, the scene of the resurrection and final judgment. is the Holy City, separated from the onlooker by the deep Valley of Jehoshaphat; just within the wall lies the ‘Dome of the Rock’ and the al-Aksa mosque, and in the open space of the great Temple area figures of people may be discerned moving about
Sanhedrin - That this cannot have been the case is seen already in the fact that, according to Biblical authority itself, king Jehoshaphat is mentioned as having instituted the supreme court at Jerusalem ( 2 Chronicles 19:8 ); but that this court cannot have been identical with the Sanhedrin of later times is clear from the fact that, whereas the latter had governing powers as well as judicial functions, the former was a court of justice and nothing else
Korah - (See Jehoshaphat
Ammon, Ammonites - According to 2 Chronicles 20:1 , the Ammonites joined with Moab and Edom in invading Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Jehu - the son of Jehoshaphat, and grandson of Nimshi, captain of the troops of Joram the king of Israel, was appointed by God to reign over Israel, and to avenge the sins committed by the house of Ahab, 1 Kings 19:16
Joel - The mention of "the valley of Jehoshaphat" (Joel 3:12) alludes to Jehoshaphat's victory (2 Chronicles 20), the earnest of Israel's future triumph over the pagan; though occurring long before, it was so great an event as to be ever after a pledge of God's favor to His people
Chronicles, Books of - It was left to the next king, Jehoshaphat, to restore the nation to the ways of God
Jerusalem - This was known as the Valley of Kidron or the Valley of Jehoshaphat
Kings, Books of - Meanwhile in Judah to the south, King Jehoshaphat carried out extensive religious and political reforms (22:41-53)
Jerusalem - Ophel was the southern continuation of the eastern bill, which gradually came to a point at the junction of the valleys Tyropœon and Jehoshaphat. There is no question about the valleys Hinnom, Jehoshaphat, and the Tyropœan, or the pool of Siloam. North of the city we have the tomb of Helena, the mother of Izates, built in the last century before Christ; and there are a few other objects, as the Tomb of Absalom and that of Jehoshaphat, which certainly belong to ancient times, but whose exact date cannot be determined
Moab, Moabites - , Jehoram, Ahab’s successor, undertook, with the aid of Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom, to reduce Moab once more, and almost succeeded, The country was overrun, the capital besieged and reduced to great extremity, when the king of Moab sacrificed to Chemosh his firstborn son on the city wall in sight of both armies ( 2 Kings 3:27 )
Teach, Teacher - Jehoshaphat and Josiah oversaw the teaching of true religion and the overthrow of false religious structures (2 Chronicles 17:5-9 ; 34:33-35:4 )
Canon of the Old Testament - "The book of the law of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 17:9) was what the Levites under Jehoshaphat taught throughout all Judah
Education in Bible Times - During the revival under King Jehoshaphat, the teaching function of Priests and Levites was resumed and the people were taught the ordinances of the Law
Chronology of the Biblical Period - ...
SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY...
Periods of History...
Critical...
Traditional...
Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)...
1700-1500...
2000...
Exodus...
1290...
1450...
Conquest...
1250...
1400...
Judges...
1200-1025...
1360-1025...
Kings...
...
...
Kings of United Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Saul...
1025-1005...
1020-1004...
David...
1005-965...
1004-965...
Solomon...
965-925...
965-931...
Kings of the Divided Kingdom...
Judah...
Israel...
Critical...
Traditional...
Rehoboam...
...
924-907...
931-913...
...
Jeroboam...
924-903...
926-909...
Abijam (Abijah)...
...
907-906...
913-910...
Asa...
...
905-874...
910-869...
...
Nadab...
903-902...
909-908...
...
Baasha...
902-886...
908-886...
...
Elah...
886-885...
886-885...
...
Zimri...
885...
885...
...
(Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )...
885-881...
885-880...
...
Omri...
885-873...
885-874...
Jehoshaphat...
...
874-850...
873-848...
...
Ahab...
873-851...
874-853...
...
Ahaziah...
851-849...
853-852...
Jehoram (Joram)...
...
850-843...
853-841...
...
Jehoram...
849-843...
852-841...
Ahaziah...
...
843...
841...
Athaliah...
...
843-837...
841-835...
...
Jehu...
843-816...
841-814...
Joash (Jehoash)...
...
837-796...
835-796...
...
Jehoahaz...
816-800...
814-798...
Amaziah...
...
798-767...
796-767...
...
Joash (Jehoash)...
800-785...
798-782...
Uzziah (Azariah)...
...
791-740...
792-740...
...
Jeroboam II...
785-745...
793-753...
Jotham...
...
750-742...
750-732...
...
Zechariah...
745...
753-752...
...
Shallum...
745...
752...
...
Menahem...
745-736...
752-742...
Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)...
...
742-727...
735-715...
...
Pekahiah...
736-735...
742-740...
...
Pekah...
735-732...
752-732...
...
Hoshea...
732-723...
732-723...
Hezekiah...
...
727-698...
715-686...
...
Fall of Samaria ...
722 ...
723/722 ...
Manasseh...
...
697-642...
696-642...
Amon...
...
642-640...
642-640...
Josiah...
...
639-606...
640-609...
Jehoahaz II...
...
609...
609...
Jehoiakim...
...
608-598...
609-597...
Jehoiachin...
...
598-597...
597...
Zedekiah...
...
597-586...
597-586...
Fall of Jerusalem ...
...
586 ...
586 ...
BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE...
Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel...
597...
Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon...
586...
Gedaliah set over Judea...
58...
Gedaliah assassinated...
581 (?)...
Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt...
581 (?)...
Judeans deported to Babylon...
581...
Cyrus, king of Persia...
559-530...
Babylon captured...
539...
Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel...
538...
Temple restoration begun but quickly halted...
538...
Cambysses, king of Persia...
530-522...
Darius, king of Persia...
522-486...
Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple...
520-515...
Temple completed and rededicated...
515...
Xerxes, king of Persia...
486-465...
Artaxerxes I, king of Persia...
465-424...
Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law...
458...
Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls...
445...
NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
Psalms - To Jehoshaphat's time belong Psalm 47; Psalm 48; Psalm 83. (See Jehoshaphat. As Jehoshaphat was "in the fore front" of the returning people (2 Chronicles 20:27), so "Jehovah with the sound of a trumpet went up" to His earthly temple (Psalms 47:5). The breaking of Jehoshaphat's Tarshish ships is alluded to Psalms 48:7, his ungodly alliance being as great a danger from within as the hostile invasion from without; both alike the grace of God averted. The only times of such additions were those of religious revivals, namely, under Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, and Josiah (to whose reign probably belong Psalm 77; Psalm 92; Psalm 100; this series has the common theme, Jehovah's manifestation for His people's comfort and their foes' confusion). Psalm 42; Psalm 43; Psalm 84; Psalm 86 (according to Hengstenberg, as occurring in the midst of Korahitic psalms though superscribed with David's name), refer to Absaiom's rebellion; Psalm 44 on the invasion of the Edomites (2 Samuel 8:13; 1 Chronicles 18:12; 1618389254_3); Psalm 49 of general import; Psalm 45 on King Messiah's marriage to Israel and the church, in Solomon's time; Psalm 47; Psalm 48; Psalm 83, in Jehoshaphat's time; Psalm 46; Psalm 87, refer to Sennacherib's host overthrown before Jerusalem, in Hezekiah's reign; Psalm 85; Psalm 88; Psalm 89, before the Babylonian captivity
Joel - Judgment was pronounced against Phoenicia and Philistia (Joel 3:4 ) and eventually upon all nations as they were judged by God in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, which literally means “The Lord judges” (Joel 3:2 , 3:12 )
Zedekiah - He is distinguished by Jehoshaphat ("is there not here besides a prophet of Jehovah, that we might inquire of him?") from Jehovah's prophets
Deliver - “To give one’s face to” is to focus one’s attention on something, as when Jehoshaphat was afraid of the alliance of the Transjordanian kings and “set [5] to seek the Lord” ( Court Systems - Laws governing the conduct of judges and witnesses, reports about leaders who were consulted for legal decisions, and narratives of judicial proceedings supplement the accounts of Moses' appointment of assistant judges (Exodus 18:1 ) and Jehoshaphat's judicial reform (2 Chronicles 19:1 ). The court system instituted by Jehoshaphat also followed this pattern (2 Chronicles 19:4-11 )
Philistia - The tribute had ceased, only some paid presents to Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:11)
Land (of Israel) - In the course of Israel's history, three kings expanded their kingdom to Eilat and the Red Sea; Solomon, Jehoshaphat, and Uzziah
High Priest - The six first tally well to the six first kings, Amariah the sixth priest answering to Jehoshaphat the' sixth king from David; also the five last tally to the five last kings, Hilkiah son of Shallum, fourth from the end, tallying to Josiah, the fourth king from the end. David arranged the temple service and 24 priest courses; Solomon dedicated the temple; Jehoshaphat directed Amariah and the priests as to teaching the people; Hezekiah led the reformation, and urged on Azariah; Josiah encouraged the priests in the service of the Lord's house
Philistim - ...
They continued in subjection to the Kings of Judah down to the reign to Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat, about two hundred and forty-six years, when they revolted from Jehoram, 2 Chronicles 21:16
Government - 2 Chronicles 19:5-11 describes a judicial system organized by Jehoshaphat, which agrees in its main features with that implied by Deuteronomy 16:18 ; Deuteronomy 17:8-13 ; there are local courts, with a central tribunal
Red Sea - Jehoshaphat also "made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold; but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber
Chronicles, the Books of - For this end, the Chronicles give a summary history of David, introduced by the closing scene of Saul's life, and of the succeeding kings, especially of some of the greatest and best kings who built or restored the temple, abolished corruption, and established the services in due order, as Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, Josiah, etc. Iddo's "book concerning genealogies and the prophet Shemaiah's words," for Rehoboam's acts (2 Chronicles 12:15); "the book of the kings of Israel and Judah" (2 Chronicles 25:26; 1 Chronicles 3:19-207; 2 Chronicles 32:32; 2 Chronicles 33:18), "the sayings of the seers" (2 Chronicles 33:19, choza ), for many subsequent reigns; "the words of Jehu the son of Hanani" (2 Chronicles 20:34), for Jehoshaphat's reign; "the vision of the prophet Isaiah" (2 Chronicles 26:22; 2 Chronicles 32:32), for Uzziah's and Hezekiah's reigns. Jehoshaphat's garrisoning the cities of Judah and of Ephraim; removal of high places and groves; sending his princes and Levites throughout the land to teach the people in "the book of the law of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 17-18); reproval by Jehu, son of Hanani the seer, and by Eliezer, son of Dodavah of Mareshah, for his alliance with the ungodly kings of Israel; instructions to the judges; victory over the vast, allied forces of Ammon and Moeb (2 Chronicles 19-20)
Kings, 1 And 2 - Asa (1 Kings 15:11-14 ), Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:41-43 ), Jehoash (2 Kings 12:2-3 ), Azariah (2 Kings 15:3-4 ), and Jotham (2 Kings 15:34-35 ) were praised as having done what was right in the eyes of the Lord, but their praise is qualified with the addition that they allowed the worship of foreign gods to continue in Judah
Jerusalem - Between the mountains and the city there are valleys on three sides: on the east the valley of the Kidron, or Jehoshaphat; on the west the valley of Gihon; and on the south the valley of Hinnom
Joel, Book of - And when the Day of Jahweh comes in all its terror, it will be terrible only to the Gentile world which has oppressed Israel The gathered hosts of the former, among whom Phœnicians and Philistines are singled out for special condemnation ( Joel 3:4-8 ), shall be destroyed by Jahweh and His angels in the Valley of Jehoshaphat ( Joel 3:11 b f
Ammonites - In the reign of Jehoshaphat the Ammonites united with their brethren, the Moabites, and the inhabitants of Mount Seir, against the king of Judah; but they were completely routed
Transportation And Travel - For instance, king Jehoshaphat of Judah rejected further attempts to obtain gold from Ophir after his first fleet of ships was sunk off Ezion-geber (1 Kings 22:48-49 )
Chronicles, Theology of - Jehoshaphat, Ahaz, Hezekiah, and Josiah are explicitly compared to David and Solomon (17:3; 28:1; 29:2; 34:2-3)
Olives, Mount of - of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 11:23), separated from it by "the valley of Jehoshaphat" (Zechariah 14:4)
Chronology - So Jehu is "son of Nimshi," also "of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi" (2 Kings 9:2; 2 Kings 9:14; 2 Kings 9:20; 1 Kings 19:16)
Prayer - ...
So Moses (Numbers 11:2; Numbers 12:13; Numbers 21:7); Samuel (1 Samuel 7:5; 1 Samuel 12:19; 1 Samuel 12:23); David (1618389255_87); Hezekiah (Acts 9:40); Isaiah (Isaiah 19:4; 2 Chronicles 32:20); Asa (2 Chronicles 14:11); Jehoshaphat (Acts 10:4); Daniel (Daniel 9:20-21)
Jerusalem (2) - the Valley of Jehoshaphat* [1] (a name very probably connected originally with the neighbouring village of Shʻafat, and corrupted to Jehoshaphat because of Joel 3:2; Joel 3:12)
Jerusalem - After citing the language of the Prophet Jeremiah, in his lamentations on the desolation of the ancient city, as accurately portraying its present state, Lamentations 1:1-6 ; Lamentations 2:1-9 ; Lamentations 2:15 , he thus proceeds: "When seen from the Mount of Olives, on the other side of the Valley of Jehoshaphat, Jerusalem presents an inclined plane, descending from west to east. On the death of any member of this proscribed community, his companion goes at night, and inters him by stealth in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, in the shadow of Solomon's temple
Ships And Boats - ...
The conflict between the Northern and Southern Kingdoms after Solomon’s death put a stop to the commercial activities of the Jews, and there does not appear to have been any attempt to revive them till the time of Jehoshaphat, whose fleet of ships made for trading for gold to Ophir was wrecked at Ezion-geber
Pentateuch - Jehoshaphat in Judah used "the book of the law of Jehovah," as the textbook for reaching the people (2 Chronicles 17:9)
Moab - He invited Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, who with the king of Edom, then his vassal, entered Moab, where they were near perishing with thirst, but were miraculously relieved, 2 Kings 3:16 , &c
Solomon - The Jews never took kindly to the sea, and, except for the abortive attempt of Jehoshaphat ( 1 Kings 22:48 ), Solomon’s policy found no imitators
Economic Life - 1 Kings 22:10 (NAS, NIV) portrays Kings Ahab and Jehoshaphat sitting enthroned before the gates of Samaria on a threshing floor as they judge the statements of the prophet Micaiah
Edom - It is probable, however, that he reigned only in east Edom; for Edom south of Judea continued subject to the kings of Judah, till the reign of Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat, against whom it rebelled, 2 Chronicles 21:8
Jerusalem - It lies on ground which slopes gently down towards the east, the slope being terminated by an abrupt declivity, in some parts precipitous, and overhanging the valley of Jehoshaphat or of the Kidron
Trade And Commerce - ...
The foreign commerce conducted in king Solomon’s time is represented in his biography as a venture of his own, whence the goods brought home were his own possessions; and the same holds good of commerce in the time of Jehoshaphat ( 1 Kings 22:49-50 )
Day of the Lord, God, Christ, the - God Acts with dispatch as he judges nations in the Valley of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:2,12-13 )
Number - , Jehoshaphat has an army in five divisions, of 300,000, 280,000, 200,000, 200,000, 180,000 respectively. ’ For Instance, the exact ten thousands of Jehoshaphat’s armies given above are doubtless round numbers
Prophet - ...
Jehu, Hanani's son, under Jehoshaphat (1 Chronicles 19:2)
Idol - In Judah several arose, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, Josiah
Evil - However, in 1 Kings 22:8 and its parallel ( 2 Chronicles 18:12 ) the king of Israel (Ahab) answers Jehoshaphat of Judah, declaring that there is indeed a prophet of Yahweh about, adding peevishly, "But I hate him because he never prophesies anything good about me, but always bad [8]
Law of Moses - A court of exactly this nature is noticed as appointed to supreme power by Jehoshaphat
Sanhedrin - The story in 2 Chronicles 19:1-2 of a high court of justice established by king Jehoshaphat, after Deuteronomy 17:8 f
Israel - 800, perhaps in the reign of Jehoshaphat, though fragments of older poems are quoted, and supplemented a little later by J Joram - —Son of Jehoshaphat, named in our Lord’s genealogy (Matthew 1:6)
Jerusalem - The defining valleys are: (1) the Wady en-Nâr , the Biblical Valley of the Kidron or of Jehoshaphat , which, starting some distance north of the city, runs at first (under the name of Wady el-Jôz ) in a S
Jews - Not only the kingdom of Israel, but that of Judah, was brought to the very brink of ruin after the death of Jehoshaphat