What does Interpretation mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
וּפִשְׁרֵ֖הּ interpretation (of dream). 5
וּפִשְׁרֵהּ֙ interpretation (of dream). 3
וּפִשְׁרָ֖א interpretation (of dream). 3
וּפִשְׁרָ֥ה interpretation (of dream). 2
: פִּתְרֹנ֑וֹ interpretation. 2
פְּשַֽׁר־ interpretation (of dream). 2
פִשְׁרָ֖א interpretation (of dream). 2
וּפִשְׁרֵ֥הּ interpretation (of dream). 1
(וּפִשְׁרֵ֖הּ) interpretation (of dream). 1
δυσερμήνευτος hard to interpret 1
וּפְשַׁ֥ר interpretation (of dream). 1
פִּשְׁרָא֙ interpretation (of dream). 1
פֵּ֣שֶׁר interpretation 1
פָּתָ֑ר (Qal) to interpret (dreams). 1
כְּפִתְר֣וֹן interpretation. 1
כְּפִתְר֥וֹן interpretation. 1
וּפִשְׁרֵא֙ interpretation (of dream). 1
פִּשְׁרֵֽהּ interpretation (of dream). 1
פִּשְׁרֵ֣א ׀ interpretation (of dream). 1
פְשַׁ֥ר interpretation (of dream). 1
ἐπιλύσεως a loosening 1
פִשְׁרָא֙ interpretation (of dream). 1
וּפִשְׁרֵֽהּ interpretation (of dream). 1
פִשְׁרֵ֖הּ interpretation (of dream). 1
וּפִשְׁרֵ֔הּ interpretation (of dream). 1
וּפִשְׁרָ֥א interpretation (of dream). 1
מְפַשַּׁ֣ר to interpret. 1
ἑρμηνείαν interpretation. 1
ἑρμηνεία interpretation. 1
שִׁבְר֖וֹ breaking 1

Definitions Related to Interpretation

H6591


   1 Interpretation (of dream).
   

H6623


   1 Interpretation.
   

H6592


   1 Interpretation, solution.
   

H7667


   1 breaking, fracture, crushing, breach, crash, ruin, shattering.
      1a breaking, fracture, shattering, crushing.
      1b crashing.
      1c breaking (of a dream), Interpretation.
      1d quarries.
      

G2058


   1 Interpretation.
      1a of what has been spoken more or less obscurely by others.
      

G1421


   1 hard to interpret, difficult to explain.
   

H6622


   1 (Qal) to interpret (dreams).
   

H6590


   1 to interpret.
      1a (P’al) to interpret.
      1b (Pael) to interpret.
      

G1955


   1 a loosening, unloosing.
   2 metaph.
   Interpretation.
   

Frequency of Interpretation (original languages)

Frequency of Interpretation (English)

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Interpretation
INTERPRETATION . This word and its cognates are found throughout the Bible with a wide variety in their use. 1. In the earlier stages of the history of mankind dreams were looked upon as manifestations of Divine intervention in human affairs, and it was regarded as of the first importance that their mysterious revelations should be explained for those to whom they were vouchsafed. From the story of Joseph we learn that a special class at the court of the Pharaohs discharged the function of interpreters of dreams (cf. ‘magicians’ [1] ‘sacred scribes’] and ‘wise men,’ Genesis 41:8 ), A similar body of wise or learned men is mentioned in the Book of Daniel, for the same object at the court of Babylon ( Daniel 2:2 ff; Daniel 4:6 f.). The idea that dreams were a means of communication between the Deity and men was also current amongst the Hebrews from a very early date. In the NT we find that dreams occupy the place of direct visions or revelations from God, and no difficulty seems to have been experienced by the recipients as to their precise meaning ( Matthew 1:20 ; Matthew 2:12-13 ; Matthew 2:19 ; Matthew 2:22 ).
2. Turning again to the history of Joseph, we find there an incidental remark which leads us to believe that there was an official interpreter, or a body of interpreters, whose work it was to translate foreign languages into the language of the court (cf. ‘the interpreter,’ Genesis 42:23 ). The qualification to act as interpreter seems to have been required of those who acted as ambassadors at foreign courts (cf. 2 Chronicles 32:31 ). That prominent politicians and statesmen had this means of international communication at their disposal is seen in the translation by the Persian nobles of their letter from their own language into Aramaic ( Ezra 4:7 ). As the Hebrew tongue ceased to be that of the common people, interpreters were required at the sacred services to translate or explain the Law and the Prophets after the reading of the original (see W. R. Smith, OTJC [2] 2 36, 64n, 154). In the NT, examples are frequent of the interpretation in Greek of a Hebrew or Aramaic phrase ( Matthew 1:23 ; Matthew 27:46 , Mark 5:41 ; Mark 15:22 ; Mark 15:34 , John 1:38 ; John 1:41 f., Acts 4:36 ; Acts 9:36 ; Acts 13:8 ); and in this connexion it is Interesting to recall the extract from the writings of Papias preserved by Eusebius, in which Mark is called ‘the interpreter of Peter’ (see HE iii. 39) a tradition accepted by Jerome and Athanasius. The most natural explanation is that which makes St. Mark’s Gospel the outcome in Greek of St. Peter’s teaching in his native tongue.
3. The function of the prophets is described as that of interpreters or ambassadors explaining to Israel Jehovah’s messages in terms suited to their capacity ( Isaiah 43:27 , cf. Elihu’s reference to the intercessory or ambassadorial work of angels in interpreting to man what God requires of him in the way of conduct, as well as explaining the mystery of His dealings with men [3]).
4. Frequent reference is made by St. Paul to a peculiar phase in the life of the early Corinthian Church speaking with tongues. Whatever may be the precise meaning attaching to this feature of Christian activity, and it is plain that in individual cases the practice gave the Apostle considerable cause for anxiety, one of the special spiritual ‘gifts’ to believers was the power of interpreting these strange utterances . The speaker himself might possess the gift of interpretation and use it for the benefit of the congregation (see 1 Corinthians 14:5 ; 1 Corinthians 14:13 ), or, on the other hand, he might not. In the latter event his duty was to keep silence, unless an interpreter were at hand to make his message intelligible to the other assembled worshippers (cf. 1 Corinthians 14:26 ff; 1 Corinthians 12:10 ; 1 Corinthians 12:30 ).
5. A somewhat ambiguous use of the word ‘interpretation’ occurs in 2 Peter 1:20 , where the writer refers to the expounding of ancient prophecies; ‘no prophecy of scripture is of private (RVm [4] ‘special’) interpretation.’ Two explanations of this passage are current: (1) the ‘interpretation’ is that of the prophet himself, who, because of his peculiar relation to the Spirit of God, uttered words the full meaning of which he did not comprehend; or (2) the word has a reference to the exegesis of the passage in question by individual readers. The present writer is of opinion that neither explanation does full justice to the author’s idea. If the word translated ‘private’ be confined solely in its meaning to the noun which it qualifies, we may understand by the phrase that no single event or result can be looked on as a complete fulfilment of the prophet’s message. It has a wider range or scope than the happening of any special occurrence, though that occurrence may be regarded as a fulfilment of the prophet’s announcement.
J. R. Willis.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Dreams, Interpretation of
Though there is Scriptural warrant for preternatural origin and purpose of dreams, e.g., Jacob's ladder dream (Genesis 28) and that of Saint Joseph on the flight of the Holy Family into Egypt (Matthew 2), still dreams generally arise from merely natural causes and convey no knowledge beyond what could be obtained from other natural sources. Dreams may at times profitably be the subject of psychological investigation, but even here their value can be exaggerated or abused, as in Freudian systems.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Interpretation of Dreams
Though there is Scriptural warrant for preternatural origin and purpose of dreams, e.g., Jacob's ladder dream (Genesis 28) and that of Saint Joseph on the flight of the Holy Family into Egypt (Matthew 2), still dreams generally arise from merely natural causes and convey no knowledge beyond what could be obtained from other natural sources. Dreams may at times profitably be the subject of psychological investigation, but even here their value can be exaggerated or abused, as in Freudian systems.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Interpret, Interpretation, Interpreter
A — 1: ἑρμηνεύω (Strong's #2059 — Verb — hermeneuo — her-mayn-yoo'-o ) (cp. Hermes, the Greek name of the pagan god Mercury, who was regarded as the messenger of the gods), denotes "to explain, interpret" (Eng., "hermeneutics"), and is used of explaining the meaning of words in a different language, John 1:38 (in some mss.), see No. 3; John 9:7 ("Siloam," interpreted as "sent"); Hebrews 7:2 (Melchizedec, "by interpretation," lit., "being interpreted," King of righteousness).
A — 2: διερμηνεύω (Strong's #1329 — Verb — diermeneuo — dee-er-main-yoo'-o ) a strengthened form of No. 1 (dia, "through," used intensively), signifies "to interpret fully, to explain." In Luke 24:27 , it is used of Christ in interpreting to the two on the way to Emmaus "in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself," RV, "interpreted" (AV, "expounded"); in Acts 9:36 , it is rendered "is by interpretation," lit., "being interpreted" (of Tabitha, as meaning Dorcas); in 1 Corinthians 12:30 ; 14:5,13,27 , it is used with reference to the temporary gift of tongues in the churches; this gift was inferior in character to that of prophesying unless he who spoke in a "tongue" interpreted his words, 1 Corinthians 14:5 ; he was, indeed, to pray that he might interpret, 1 Corinthians 14:13 ; only two, or at the most three, were to use the gift in a gathering, and that "in turn" (RV); one was to interpret; in the absence of an interpreter, the gift was not to be exercised, 1 Corinthians 14:27 . See EXPOUND.
A — 3: μεθερμηνεύω (Strong's #3177 — Verb — methermeneuo — meth-er-mane-yoo'-o ) "to change or translate from one language to another (meta, implying change, and No. 1), to interpret," is always used in the Passive Voice in the NT, "being interpreted," of interpreting the names, Immanuel, Matthew 1:23 ; Golgotha, Mark 15:22 ; Barnabas, Acts 4:36 ; in Acts 13:8 , of Elymas, the verb is rendered "is ... by interpretation," lit., "is interpreted;" it is used of interpreting or translating sentences in Mark 5:41 ; 15:34 ; in the best mss., John 1:38 (Rabbi, interpreted as "Master"); John 1:41 (Messiah, interpreted as "Christ"); see No. 1.
* (INTERPRETATION)
B — 1: ἑρμηνεία (Strong's #2058 — Noun Feminine — hermeneia — her-may-ni'-ah ) (or -ia), akin to A, No. 1, is used in 1 Corinthians 12:10 ; 14:26 (see A, No. 2).
B — 2: ἐπίλυσις (Strong's #1955 — Noun Feminine — epilusis — ep-il'-oo-sis ) from epiluo, "to loose, solve, explain," denotes "a solution, explanation," lit., "a release" (epi, "up," luo, "to loose"), 2 Peter 1:20 , "(of private) interpretation;" i.e., the writers of Scripture did not put their own construction upon the "God-breathed" words they wrote.
Note: For "hard of interpretation," Hebrews 5:11 , RV, see UTTER , Note (1).
* (INTERPRETER)
B — 3: διερμηνευτής (Strong's #1328 — Noun Masculine — diermeneutes — dee-er-main-yoo-tace' ) lit., "a thorough interpreter" (cp. A, No. 2), is used in 1 Corinthians 14:28 (some mss. have hermeneutes).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Interpretation
See Bible, Interpretation of.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Bible, History of Interpretation
The modern reader of the Bible might easily assume that people have always read the Bible in the same way that we do today. That is not at all the case. It seems natural to us to assume that the Bible, while a divinely inspired book, is also like any other piece of literature, with one message to convey from the mind of the writer to the mind of the reader. The fact is that in some periods of Christian history people actually found as many as seven entirely different meanings in a given passage of Scripture. Read this way, the Bible can be made to say anything that you want to imagine!
The interpretation of the Bible (or any piece of literature, for that matter), is called hermeneutics. See Bible; Hermeneutics .
Biblical interpretation, or hermeneutics, has had a long and checkered history. The way in which almost all Christians today read and interpret the Bible only gradually developed. It was not until the era of the Renaissance and Reformation that the science of biblical interpretation was clarified. Today we follow what is generally known as the literary historical method of interpretation.
Origen (who died in 254 A.D.) was the first major biblical interpreter and Christian theologian. In addition to the obvious, simple, literal meaning of a passage, which Origen believed was only for the simple believer, Origen found a hidden or deeper meaning embedded in the words of Scripture. This hidden meaning was the pure word of God to the mature Christian, and much to be preferred over the simple, literal meaning. Origen made extensive use of allegorical interpretation to derive this deeper, preferred meaning of Scripture. This allowed Origen to import his underlying philosophical position into the Scriptures, as though this was the message of God to us.
The School of Antioch was the bright spot in the ancient world, so far as biblical interpretation was concerned. The biblical interpreters associated with this school insisted that the Bible be interpreted in the light of the literary form and historical situation of a particular passage. They carefully avoided reading philosophical and speculative preconceptions into the text in the fashion of Origen and his followers. Today, this would seem to be the obvious way that Scripture should be interpreted, but that was not the general opinion in the ancient world. Not until the time of the Reformation (1517) did this kind of biblical interpretation become the dominant approach to the Scripture.
In the Middle Ages (500-1500), Origen's allegorical approach to the interpretation of Scripture was the accepted pattern. Indeed, Middle Ages interpreters expanded on Origen's two meanings and found anywhere from four to seven different levels or types of meanings. A fourfold meaning was usually sought in Scripture: the literal-historical, for the simple believer; the allegorical, which supplies a deeper meaning for faith; the moral, which guides conduct; and the anagogical, a mystical interpretation which points towards the ultimate goal of the Christian in his pilgrimage. Various terms were used to denote these four different levels of meaning.
With biblical interpretation so complicated, it is no wonder that the Roman Catholic Church took the Bible out of the hands of the lay people and left biblical interpretation to the clergy. The ordinary person could not possibly know how to derive from four to seven different levels of meaning out of a given passage.
Biblical interpretation as we know it today began in the period of the Renaissance and Reformation. In the age of the Renaissance, people began to realize the true literary character of the Bible. Luther learned anew the important place of the Bible and made a determined effort to put the Bible back in the hands of the people. One of Luther's cardinal principles was “sola scriptura,” only by Scripture, or Scripture alone. Luther and other Reformers insisted on the perspicuity of Scripture—Scripture is clear enough that the ordinary believer can read and understand it by observing the grammatical and historical elements of the text. Calvin insisted (in the preface to his commentary on Romans) “It is the first business of an interpreter say what he [1] does, instead of attributing to him what we think he ought to say.”
Following the time of the Reformation, great emphasis was placed on letting the Bible speak for itself. The science of textual criticism was developed. This was the analysis of all of the available biblical manuscripts, comparing the variant readings, and making an informed judgment as to what the original text of the Scriptures really was. J. A. Bengel was of major importance in the movement to determine an accurate text.
Bengel was also influential in insisting on accurate, literary-historical interpretation, letting the Bible speak its own message, rather than reading a preconceived interpretation into it. The practice of scientific exegesis, or accurate biblical interpretation, had its beginnings in the years following the Reformation.
In the development of the modern practice of hermeneutics, great emphasis was placed on grammatical and historical elements. Much effort was expended on determining who the original writer of a portion of Scripture was and learning what the historical-cultural conditions of his setting were. Great effort was made to analyze the grammatical constructions employed by the writer, as well as the choice of words. Careful attention was given to the literary style employed by the author: narrative, poetry, apocalyptic, literal, figurative, etc.
In the earnest search for accurate, faithful interpretation of the Bible, the historical-critical method of interpretation was developed. The word “critical” comes from a Greek word which means to judge or to make a decision in the light of evidence. With this type of interpretation, more attention is given to historical considerations than merely clarifying the historical context in which a passage of Scripture is set. Some developers of this method saw history as a closed system. They thought everything must be explained on the basis of forces and causes that are resident within the normal historical experience of humans. Thus, by definition, miracles could not be explained on the basis of an act of God who reaches into history; some natural explanation had to be found for what appears in the Scripture record as a miracle.
What is at fault here is not the method of interpretation as such, but the presupposition that miracles are impossible. This hermeneutical approach is often confused with the literary-historical interpretation practiced by more conservative interpreters. The two are very similar, differing primarily in the presupposition of the interpreter rather than in method as such.
Many varieties of so-called “scientific exegesis” have been developed as refinements of the historical-critical method. They employ very sophisticated and technical methods to analyze the factors that lie behind the text as we have it: who the author was, what the motive was in writing, identification of various sources of material used by the writer, the writer's position among God's people, the relationship to other biblical writers, how and why each idea was developed, the meaning the writer was trying to convey.
Another approach to biblical interpretation is in the form of the history of religions hermeneutic. In this type of biblical interpretation, parallels are sought between what is found in Scripture and what is found in the development of other systems of religion. This shows what biblical writers shared with their culture, what they adopted and adapted from the culture, and what they had in unique distinction from their culture. An extreme position here can expect biblical teaching to be little different from what is found in other religions. A more conservative position recognizes that God used the culture to teach His people but also that He pointed the way to be a holy people distinct from the culture.
As a reaction to the radical insistence on history being closed to outside influences, another approach to biblical interpretation has developed. It is called the new hermeneutic and is often based upon the philosophy of existentialism. According to this approach, the message of the Bible is not to tell me what happened hundreds or thousands of years ago. It is to create in me new spiritual experiences, or encounters with God; or, at least, it is to show me the possibilities that are open to me when I place my faith in Christ.
The dominant type of biblical interpretation used by conservative Christians today is the literary-historical method. See Bible, Hermeneutics .
J. Terry Young
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Interpretation
This word is used in different senses by Christians in the Apostolic Age. (1) St. Paul applies it to that spiritual ‘gift’ which enabled one to expound the unintelligible utterance known as ‘tongues’ (ἑρμηνείω [1], διερμηνεύω [1]3, διερμηνευτής [3]). (2) Later writers ‘interpret’ a foreign word by giving its Greek equivalent (ἑρμηνεύω [4], διερμηνεύω [5], μεθερμηνεύω [6]). when Papias calls St. Mark St. Peter’s interpreter (ἑρμηνευτής [5]), he may be supposing that St. Peter preached in Aramaic (or Hebrew) and that St. Mark translated the sermon to the Greek audience. This is historically improbable, however, and possibly Papias means only that St. Mark, since he composed his Gospel on the basis of St. Peter’s sermons, is thereby St. Peter’s ‘expounder.’ (3) In the sense of Scriptural exposition, the word ‘interpretation’ is rarely used in the NT. The meaning of ‘private interpretation’ in 2 Peter 1:20 (ἰδίας ἐπιλύσεως) is doubtful, though, in view of what follows, it seems to signify the prophet’s complete subordination to God’s will. In Luke 24:27 (διερμηνεύω) direct reference is made to Christian interpretation of the OT books-a practice which was very general and very important in the apostolic period.
The OT occupied a unique place in the life and thought of the first Christians. St. Paul presupposed his readers’ acquaintance with its writings, which he assumed to be the final court of appeal in all argumentation. Apollos, whom certain Corinthians set up as St. Paul’s rival, was also ‘mighty in the scriptures’ (Acts 18:24). OT language and thought are frequently appropriated by the NT writers. According to H. B. Swete (Introduction to the OT in Greek, Cambridge, 1900, p. 381f.), there are 78 formal quotations in St. Paul, 46 in the Synoptists, 28 in Hebrews, 23 in Acts , 12 in John, and about a dozen in the remaining books. Even where formal quotations are lacking, OT phraseology is sometimes frequent (e.g. Rev.). The early Christians, like the Jews, believed in the Divine origin and authority of Scripture. In spite of his breach with Judaism, St. Paul still held the Law and the Commandments to be holy, righteous, and good (Romans 7:12), and he repeatedly affirmed that these things were written ‘for our sake’ (Romans 4:23 f.; Romans 15:4, 1 Corinthians 9:9 f.; 1 Corinthians 10:6; 1 Corinthians 10:11). Here he found a clear revelation of God’s purposes and an infallible guide for Christians in matters of conduct and doctrine (cf. Romans 1:2; Romans 3:4; Romans 3:10 ff.; Romans 4:3 ff.; Romans 8:36; Romans 9:6 ff; Romans 10:6 ff.; Romans 11:9 f.; Romans 11:26; Rom_13:11; Rom_15:9 ff.; Romans 15:21, 1 Corinthians 6:16; 1 Corinthians 9:8; 1 Corinthians 9:13; 1 Corinthians 10:18; 1 Corinthians 11:8 f.; 1 Corinthians 14:21; 1Co_14:34; 1Co_15:3; 1Co_15:45; 1Co_15:54; 2 Corinthians 1:20; 2 Corinthians 3:13 ff; 2 Corinthians 6:16 ff; 2 Corinthians 8:15; 2 Corinthians 9:9, Galatians 3:8; Galatians 3:16; Galatians 3:22). The Evangelists saw in the OT foreshadowings of Jesus’ career and proof of His Messiahship (e.g. Matthew 1:22; Matthew 2:5; Matthew 2:15; Matthew 2:23; Matthew 4:14; Matthew 8:17; Matthew 11:7 ff; Matthew 12:17; Matthew 13:35; Matthew 21:5, Mark 1:2 f.; Mark 4:11 f.; Mark 11:9 f.; Mark 12:10 f; Mark 12:36, Mark 14:27, Luke 4:21; Luke 7:27; Luke 24:44, John 12:38; Matthew 21:1-7; John 17:12; John 19:24; John 19:28; John 19:36). For Matthew OT prophecy is virtually a ‘source’ of information about Jesus’ career, as when Mark 11:1-7, is made to conform to the first evangelist’s interpretation of Zechariah 9:9 (John 15:25; see also Matthew 1:22 f., Matthew 2:5 f., Matthew 15:17 f. etc.).
OT language serves other important purposes in the Gospels, God speaks in this language at Jesus’ Baptism, and again at His Transfiguration; it is used in the conversation between Jesus and Satan; and it furnishes phraseology for some of Jesus most forceful and solemn pronouncements, where sometimes the sound of Holy Writ seems to be prized above perspicuity (e.g. Matthew 10:35 ff.; Mark 4:12; Mark 12:36; Mark 15:34). The history of the early community is also Scripturally authenticated (Acts 1:20; Acts 2:16 ff; Acts 4:25 ff.). Thus the NT writers derived not only incidental and descriptive details, but on occasion more important features of their narratives from the OT. This was only natural, since these sacred books were believed to be inspired of God, profitable for teaching, reproof, correction, and instruction, and able to make men ‘wise unto salvation’ (2 Timothy 3:15 f. cf. 2 Peter 1:19 ff.). Christians gave to the OT all the prestige it had in Judaism, believing that they, through their faith in Christ, had come into possession of the only key to all true interpretation.
The exact content and text of the first Christians’ ‘Bible’ are not known. They were doubtless familiar with the three-fold division of the Jewish canon-the ‘Law,’ the ‘Prophets,’ and the ‘Writings’ (Luke 24:44[8]), but they probably did not discuss questions of canonicity. Their feeling of spiritual elevation left no room for such academic discussions. And in the portions of Scripture used individual choice seems to have had free play. The evangelists favour the Prophets and the Psalms, while St. Paul and the author of Hebrews cite mainly from the Pentateuch. But there is scarcely a book of the OT with which some NT writer does not show acquaintance. Obad., Ezr., Neh., and Est. are the only exceptions (according to Toy, Quotations in the NT, p. vi, n. [9] 1). Apocryphal books and popular legends are also used (cf. 1 Corinthians 10:4, Galatians 3:19, Acts 7:53, 2 Timothy 3:8, Hebrews 2:2; Hebrews 11:37, Judges 1:6; Judges 1:9; Judges 1:14). Textual problems seem to have been ignored. Quotations are mostly from the Septuagint , though use of the Hebrew text has sometimes been supposed. This is very difficult, if not impossible, to prove, since we do not know the exact form of Greek text which a NT writer may have used. A part of the early community ordinarily spoke Aramaic (Acts 6:1), but Greek writers naturally followed the Septuagint rendering, even when the original tradition was in Aramaic or Hebrew. In fact, there seems to have been little thought about slavish adherence to any text. Christians possessed a superior understanding, which allowed them to alter phraseology, to paraphrase freely, or even to cite loosely from memory.
Thus their methods were more spontaneous than those of scribism, yet the general character of their interpretation was predominantly Jewish. Its free handling of the text, its disregard for the original setting, its logical vagaries, its slight tendency to become artificial, were all Jewish traits. To illustrate from the NT, Mark 1:2 f. changes the wording of prophecy and disregards its natural meaning in order to make the Christian application possible. A logical non sequitur is illustrated in Mark 12:26 f., where an original statement about the historic earthly career of Abraham is made the basis for an inference about his future heavenly career. St. Paul’s argument from ‘seed’ and ‘seeds’ (Galatians 3:16), his comparison between Hagar and Sarah (Galatians 4:22 ff.), and his interpretation of the OT injunction against muzzling the ox (1 Corinthians 9:9 f.), all tend to become artificial. Christians appropriated and imitated Jewish Midrashim seemingly without hesitation, as when St. Paul made Christ the spiritual rock (1 Corinthians 10:4; cf. ‘Rabbah’ on Numbers 1:1). They argued from word-derivation (Matthew 1:21 ff.), and from the numerical value of letters (Revelation 13:18; cf. article ‘Gemaṭria’ in Jewish Encyclopedia ); and they freely employed figures, types, analogies, allegories (q.v. [10] ). They also copied the more sober type of Haggâdic Midrashim. Their emphasis upon the example of their Master, their preservation of His teaching, their harking back to the ancient worthies, are all in line with Jewish custom. The work of the NT interpreter is not so very unlike that of the ideal scribe of Sirach 39:1 ff. Yet early Christian interpretation did not run to the same extreme of barren artificiality as that of the scribes, nor was it pursued merely for its own sake. As the handmaid of the new faith, it was subordinated to the consciousness of a new spiritual authority in personal experience, a fact which may explain why Christians were partial to OT passages dealing with personal religious life.
Literature.-C. H. Toy, Quotations in the NT, New York, 1884, where earlier literature is cited; F. Johnson, The Quotations of the New Testament from the Old, London, 1896; A. Clemen, Der Gebrauch des AT [5] in den neutest. Schriften, Gütersloh, 1895; E. Hühn, Die alttest. Citate und Reminiscenzen im NT, Tübingen, 1900; W. Dittmar, Vetus Textamentum in Novo, Göttingen, 1903; E. Grafe, Das Urchristentum und das AT [5] , Tübingen, 1907; P. Glaue, Die Vorlesung heiliger Schriften im Gottesdienste, i., Berlin, 1907; S. J. Case, ‘The NT Writers’ Interpretation of the OT,’ in BW [9]4 xxxviii. [14] 92ff. The more general treatises on Hermeneutics usually have a section on the apostolic period.
S. J. Case.
King James Dictionary - Interpretation
INTERPRETA'TION, n. L. interpretatio.
1. The act of interpreting explanation of unintelligible words in language that is intelligible. Interpretation is the design of translation. 2. The act of expounding or unfolding what is not understood or not obvious as the interpretation of dreams and prophecy. Look how we can, or sad or merrily,
Interpretation will misquote our looks.
3. The sense given by an interpreter exposition. We sometimes find various interpretations of the same passage of Scripture and other ancient writings. 4. The power of explaining.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Interpretation
Revealing the true meaning of supernatural dreams, Genesis 41:1-57 Daniel 2:4 , unknown tongues, etc., 1 Corinthians 12:12,30 14:5,13 .
For the right interpretation of the word of God, the chief requisites are, a renewed heart, supremely desirous to learn and do the will of God; the aid of the Holy Spirit, sought and gained; a firm conviction that the word of God should rule the erring season and heart of man; a diligent comparison of its different parts, for the light they throw upon each other; all reliable information as to the history and geography, the customs, laws, and languages, the public, domestic, and inner life of Bible times. Thus to study the Bible for one's self is the privilege and duty of every one.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Interpretation
The Bible is no ordinary book. It is the written Word of God, communicating God’s purposes to the people of the world. But since those purposes are based on God’s values, not the values of the world, only those whose minds are instructed by God’s Spirit can properly understand them. The Spirit of God is the true interpreter of the Word of God (1 Corinthians 2:10-12).
The work of the Holy Spirit
Just as the Spirit of God inspired the writing of the Scriptures in the first place (2 Timothy 3:15-16; see INSPIRATION), so the Spirit helps Christians to interpret and apply those Scriptures (1 Corinthians 2:13). As they understand the circumstances in which the Holy Spirit inspired the original writings, the same Spirit can apply the meaning of those writings to them today. If Christians want the Scriptures to have a relevant message for them, their first duty is to find out what the Scriptures mean. God has given the Holy Spirit not to make Bible study unnecessary, but to make it meaningful.
To help Christians towards a clearer understanding of his Word, God has given to his church teachers, people specially equipped by the Spirit for this task (1 Corinthians 12:8; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 4:11-14; see TEACHER). Nevertheless, Christians have a duty to test what their teachers preach or write (1 Corinthians 14:29; 1 Thessalonians 5:21), and if they are to do this satisfactorily they must know how to interpret the Scriptures.
Background and purpose
Because the world of the Bible was different from the world today, readers should learn whatever they can about the geographical and social features of the Bible lands. In particular they must understand the historical setting of the books of the Bible. They will understand the messages of the Old Testament prophets and the New Testament letter-writers only as they understand the circumstances in which the writers wrote. They will need to know who the writers were, when and where they wrote, and what purpose they had in writing (e.g. Micah 1:1; Micah 2:1-3; Haggai 1:1-6; 1 Corinthians 1:1-2; 1 Corinthians 1:11; 1 Corinthians 5:1; 1 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Thessalonians 3:1-6).
Some books clearly announce their subject and purpose (e.g. Nahum; Galatians), but others require readers to work through the material to find its central theme (e.g. Ecclesiastes; Ephesians). They may also have to consider what sources the writer has drawn upon and how he has used them in developing his message (e.g. Luke 1:1-4). As they understand a book’s overall purpose, they will have a better understanding of the stories and teachings within the book (John 20:30-31).
Kind of literature
Among the many forms within the Bible are prose narratives, poems, wisdom sayings, laws, visions, letters, genealogies and debates. Readers must interpret whatever they are reading according to the kind of literature it is. People in Old Testament times recognized the differences between a teacher of the law, a prophet and a wisdom teacher (Hebrews 1:1-26) and interpreted their writings accordingly (see LAW; PROPHECY; WISDOM LITERATURE).
Unless people are reading the Bible in the original languages (Hebrew in the Old Testament, Greek in the New), whatever they are reading is a translation (see MANUSCRIPTS; SCRIPTURES). The words and expressions that the original writers used have to be understood in the context of their ancient cultures. Like other languages, the languages of the Bible contain idioms, word pictures and symbolism, and readers will misunderstand the writer if they interpret literally what he meant as a symbol or figure of speech.
In this respect it is particularly important to understand the features of apocalyptic writing (e.g. parts of Ezekiel, Daniel, Zechariah and Revelation) and the characteristics of Hebrew poetry (e.g. Psalms and many of the prophets). (For details see APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE; POETRY.)
Words and their meanings
Although readers must bear in mind such matters as background, purpose and literary form, their main concern is with the words themselves. This does not mean that readers must carry out a word by word study. In any language the unit of meaning will vary, depending on the style of the writer and the kind of writing. In some places much may depend on one or two words (e.g. Galatians 3:16), but in others one central idea may be built up over several lines (e.g. Psalms 118:1-4).
A word’s meaning is decided by the way the writer uses it in the sentence, paragraph or book, not by the way it developed out of other words in the long-distant past. A word may have different meanings in different contexts (e.g. ‘sinner’ in Ecclesiastes 2:26; Luke 7:39; Galatians 2:15), and it is possible that none of these is directly related to the word’s linguistic origins (or etymology). Also, words change their meanings over the years. The meaning of a word in the Old Testament may be different from its meaning in the New, and different again from its meaning today (e.g. see HOLINESS; PROPHET).
Progressive revelation
The writing of the books of the Bible was spread over more than a thousand years, and throughout that time God was progressively revealing his purposes. He made known his purposes for the human race not in one moment at the beginning of history, but stage by stage as he prepared people for the fuller revelation that came through Jesus Christ (Luke 23:46; 1 Peter 1:10-12). There is therefore a basic unity to the Bible; it is one book. Although readers may understand each of the individual Bible books in its own context, they must also understand each book in the context of the Bible as a whole (see BIBLE).
It is therefore important to understand where each book of the Bible belongs in the developing purposes of God. This is especially so in the case of Old Testament books.
By interpreting a book in relation to its place in God’s ongoing revelation, Christians will avoid two extremes. They will not treat the book as if it is merely an ancient document of historical interest, but neither will they try to ‘christianize’ the book by giving ‘spiritual’ meanings to its details. The Old Testament exists as Scripture in its own right (2 Timothy 3:15-16) and Christians should recognize this. But because of their knowledge of the New Testament, they may see added significance in the Old (cf. Leviticus 16:1-28 with Hebrews 9:6-14). (For further details see QUOTATIONS; TYPOLOGY.)
However, the Christians’ knowledge of the New Testament does not change the meaning of the Old. The Old Testament revelation might have been imperfect, but only in the sense of being incomplete, not in the sense of being incorrect. It was like the framework of a building still under construction. The fuller revelation in Christ does not correct the Old Testament revelation, but develops it and brings it to fulfilment (Hebrews 10:1; 1 Peter 1:10-12).
Accepting the Bible’s authority
Even when readers allow for variations because of the progressive nature of biblical revelation, they will still meet cases where different statements or ideas appear hard to reconcile (cf. Matthew 27:46 with 1618106538_81; cf. John 10:28 with Hebrews 6:4-6). It is dangerous to ‘adjust’ the meaning of one or the other to force it into some neatly ordered scheme of theological interpretation that people have worked out. In reading the Bible Christians need patience. In some cases answers to problems may come later, as their understanding of the Bible increases; in others they may not come at all.
Christians must also respect the authority of the Bible. They must allow the Bible to say what it wants to say, regardless of what they would like it to say. They come to the Bible as those who learn, not as those who want to make it do things for them. Their first duty is not to bring isolated verses together to ‘prove’ their beliefs, but to accept the revelation in the form God gave it and to submit to its teachings. As they allow it to change their thinking and behaviour, they will have a better knowledge of the will of God and a greater likeness to the character of Christ (John 13:17; Romans 12:2; Colossians 3:10; Colossians 3:16-17).

Sentence search

Interpretation - See Bible, Interpretation of
Interpretation - Interpretation is the design of translation. The act of expounding or unfolding what is not understood or not obvious as the Interpretation of dreams and prophecy. Look how we can, or sad or merrily, ...
Interpretation will misquote our looks. We sometimes find various Interpretations of the same passage of Scripture and other ancient writings
Oneiroscopy - ) The Interpretation of dreams
Misconstruction - ) Erroneous construction; wrong Interpretation
Hermeneutics - See Bible, Hermeneutics , Bible, History of Interpretation
Exegetics - ) The science of Interpretation or exegesis
Judge-Made - to law applied or established by the judicial Interpretation of statutes so as extend or restrict their scope, as to meet new cases, to provide new or better remedies, etc. , and often used opprobriously of acts judicial Interpretation considered doing this
Constructional - ) Pertaining to, or deduced from, construction or Interpretation
Oneirocritical - ) Of or pertaining to the Interpretation of dreams
Misinterpretation - ) The act of interpreting erroneously; a mistaken Interpretation
Remez - "allusion"); Torah Interpretation at the level of allusive implication...
Liturgics - ) The science of worship; history, doctrine, and Interpretation of liturgies
Dittology - ) A double reading, or twofold Interpretation, as of a Scripture text
Mystagogy - ) The doctrines, principles, or practice of a mystagogue; Interpretation of mysteries
Exegetist - ) One versed in the science of exegesis or Interpretation; - also called exegete
Shophan - (sshoh' fan) KJV Interpretation of separate town
Hermeneutically - ) According to the principles of Interpretation; as, a verse of Scripture was examined hermeneutically
Derush - "exposition"); the non-literal, homiletic Interpretation of Scripture, as in the Midrash or Talmudic aggadot...
Asuppim - (a ssuhp' pihm) KJV Interpretation in 1Chronicles 26:15,1 Chronicles 26:17
Mystagogical - ) Of or pertaining to Interpretation of mysteries or to mystagogue; of the nature of mystagogy
Double-Entendre - ) A word or expression admitting of a double Interpretation, one of which is often obscure or indelicate
Machloket - "debate" or "dispute"); in Torah, a dispute between two differing opinions on a legal Interpretation ...
Explication - ) The act of opening, unfolding, or explaining; explanation; exposition; Interpretation
Cabala - ) A kind of occult theosophy or traditional Interpretation of the Scriptures among Jewish rabbis and certain mediaeval Christians, which treats of the nature of god and the mystery of human existence. It assumes that every letter, word, number, and accent of Scripture contains a hidden sense; and it teaches the methods of Interpretation for ascertaining these occult meanings
Maieutical - : Aiding, or tending to, the definition and Interpretation of thoughts or language
Bible, History of Interpretation - Read this way, the Bible can be made to say anything that you want to imagine!...
The Interpretation of the Bible (or any piece of literature, for that matter), is called hermeneutics. ...
Biblical Interpretation, or hermeneutics, has had a long and checkered history. It was not until the era of the Renaissance and Reformation that the science of biblical Interpretation was clarified. Today we follow what is generally known as the literary historical method of Interpretation. Origen made extensive use of allegorical Interpretation to derive this deeper, preferred meaning of Scripture. ...
The School of Antioch was the bright spot in the ancient world, so far as biblical Interpretation was concerned. Not until the time of the Reformation (1517) did this kind of biblical Interpretation become the dominant approach to the Scripture. ...
In the Middle Ages (500-1500), Origen's allegorical approach to the Interpretation of Scripture was the accepted pattern. A fourfold meaning was usually sought in Scripture: the literal-historical, for the simple believer; the allegorical, which supplies a deeper meaning for faith; the moral, which guides conduct; and the anagogical, a mystical Interpretation which points towards the ultimate goal of the Christian in his pilgrimage. ...
With biblical Interpretation so complicated, it is no wonder that the Roman Catholic Church took the Bible out of the hands of the lay people and left biblical Interpretation to the clergy. ...
Biblical Interpretation as we know it today began in the period of the Renaissance and Reformation. ...
Bengel was also influential in insisting on accurate, literary-historical Interpretation, letting the Bible speak its own message, rather than reading a preconceived Interpretation into it. The practice of scientific exegesis, or accurate biblical Interpretation, had its beginnings in the years following the Reformation. ...
In the earnest search for accurate, faithful Interpretation of the Bible, the historical-critical method of Interpretation was developed. With this type of Interpretation, more attention is given to historical considerations than merely clarifying the historical context in which a passage of Scripture is set. ...
What is at fault here is not the method of Interpretation as such, but the presupposition that miracles are impossible. This hermeneutical approach is often confused with the literary-historical Interpretation practiced by more conservative interpreters. ...
Another approach to biblical Interpretation is in the form of the history of religions hermeneutic. In this type of biblical Interpretation, parallels are sought between what is found in Scripture and what is found in the development of other systems of religion. ...
As a reaction to the radical insistence on history being closed to outside influences, another approach to biblical Interpretation has developed. ...
The dominant type of biblical Interpretation used by conservative Christians today is the literary-historical method
Canticles - -- The schools of Interpretation may be divided into three: the mystical or typical, the allegorical, and the literal .
The mystical Interpretation owes its origin to the desire to find a literal basis of fact for the allegorical. In the Christian Church the Talmudical Interpretation, imported by Origen, was all but universally received. ...
The literal Interpretation. According to the most generally-received Interpretation of the modern literalists, the Song is intended to display the victory of humble and constant love over the temptations of wealth and royalty
Hermeneutical - ) Unfolding the signification; of or pertaining to Interpretation; exegetical; explanatory; as, hermeneutic theology, or the art of expounding the Scriptures; a hermeneutic phrase
Talitha Cumi - In the Syriac version the Interpretation is omitted: the words themselves would be understood
Hermeneutics - ) The science of Interpretation and explanation; exegesis; esp
Thassi - As likely an Interpretation as any is ‘the zealous
Hazerim - (huh zee' rihm) KJV Interpretation and transliteration of Hebrew word meaning, “villages” or “hamlets” in Deuteronomy 2:23
Kal vachomer - "all the more so"); a principle of scriptural Interpretation whereby a conclusion is drawn from a minor premise or more lenient condition to a major or more strict one...
Philo Judaeus - A literal Interpretation was all right for the average scholar, but for the enlightened ones such as himself, he advocated an allegorical Interpretation
Constructive - ) Derived from, or depending on, construction or Interpretation; not directly expressed, but inferred
Heglam - (hehg' luhm) NRSV Interpretation of Hebrew text in 1 Chronicles 8:7 , taking as a proper name giving a second name to Gera what other translations translate as “who deported them
Halacha lemoshe misinai - "the law of Moses from Sinai"); a halachic tradition whose source is not from a verse or from an Interpretation of a verse, but rather was transmitted orally by G-d to Moses...
Jahaziah - Note the alternative Interpretation of a difficult Hebrew text by KJV
Helps - , by Interpretation) given to him who speaks with tongues, or more probably simply help which Christians can render to one another, such as caring for the poor and needy, etc
Shammai - Known for his quick temper and strict Interpretation of the Torah
Pardes - �orchard�); the metaphorical term used to refer to the four levels of Torah Interpretation: pshat (the literal meaning of the text), remez (its allusions), derush (the homilies that can be derived from it), and sod (its mystical secrets) ...
Prophecy - ) Public Interpretation of Scripture; preaching; exhortation or instruction
Pethor - Interpretation of dreams, identified with Pitru, on the west bank of the Euphrates, a few miles south of the Hittite capital of Carchemish (Numbers 22:5 , "which is by the river of the land of the children of [1] Ammo")
Allegory, - The allegorical Interpretation is not of the words, but of the thing signified by them, and not only may, but actually does, coexist with the literal Interpretation in every allegory, whether the narrative in which it is conveyed be of things possible or real. An illustration of this may be seen in (Galatians 4:24 ) where the apostle gives an allegorical Interpretation to the historical narrative of Hagar and Sarah, not treating that narrative as an allegory in itself; as our Authorized Version would lead us to suppose, but drawing from it a deeper sense than is conveyed by the immediate representation
Immanuel - Most Christian interpreters have regarded these words as directly and exclusively a prophecy of our Saviour, an Interpretation borne out by the words of the evangelist (Matthew 1:23 )
Cabbala - A Hebrew word, signifying tradition: it is used for a mysterious kind of science pretended to have been delivered by revelation to the ancient Jews, and transmitted by oral tradition to those of our times; serving for Interpretation of the books both of nature and Scripture
Reputation - The KJV translation, “But made himself of no reputation” (Philippians 2:7 ) is an Interpretation of heauton ekenosen meaning, he “emptied himself” (NAS, NRSV)
Apharsites - The verse is difficult to read in the original language, and no satisfactory Interpretation has been offered
Christian Iconography - (Greek: eikon, image; graphia, writing) ...
The science of the description, history, and Interpretation of the traditional representations of sacred symbols in art
Iconography, Christian - (Greek: eikon, image; graphia, writing) ...
The science of the description, history, and Interpretation of the traditional representations of sacred symbols in art
Helvetic Confession - Protestantism proclaimed individual Interpretation of the Bible as the sole, sufficient rule of faith
Interpret, Interpretation, Interpreter - 3; John 9:7 ("Siloam," interpreted as "sent"); Hebrews 7:2 (Melchizedec, "by Interpretation," lit. " In Luke 24:27 , it is used of Christ in interpreting to the two on the way to Emmaus "in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself," RV, "interpreted" (AV, "expounded"); in Acts 9:36 , it is rendered "is by Interpretation," lit. by Interpretation," lit. ...
* (INTERPRETATION) ...
B — 1: ἑρμηνεία (Strong's #2058 — Noun Feminine — hermeneia — her-may-ni'-ah ) (or -ia), akin to A, No. , "a release" (epi, "up," luo, "to loose"), 2 Peter 1:20 , "(of private) Interpretation;" i. ...
Note: For "hard of Interpretation," Hebrews 5:11 , RV, see UTTER , Note (1)
ha'Dad-Rim'Mon - is, according to the ordinary Interpretation of (12:11) a place in the valley of Megiddo (a part of the plain of Esdraelon, six miles from Mount Carmel and eleven from Nazareth), where a national lamentation was held for the death of King Josiah
Living Beings, Living Creatures - Perhaps the best Interpretation views the creatures as a pictorial representation of the total sovereignty of God. Central to this Interpretation is the One seated on the throne above all the creatures (Ezekiel 1:26-28 )
Free Catholicism - Peck, in the "Coming Free Catholicism," to designate a movement in the Free Churches of England towards a Catholic Interpretation of Christianity which shall include an element of freedom, and for the adoption of Catholic belief and practises without a return to Rome
Catholicism, Free - Peck, in the "Coming Free Catholicism," to designate a movement in the Free Churches of England towards a Catholic Interpretation of Christianity which shall include an element of freedom, and for the adoption of Catholic belief and practises without a return to Rome
Charismatic Gifts - They are mentioned in Romans 12:1-21; 1 Corinthians 12:1-31, and 1 Corinthians 14:1-40: Word of wisdom, word of knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, distinguishing of spirits, tongues, Interpretation of tongues
Clopas - ” The most natural Interpretation is that Clopas was husband of Mary
Allegorical Sense - Mystical meaning of parts of the Bible; the Interpretation of some actually accomplished thing as being only the figure of some other thing
Construct - ) Formed by, or relating to, construction, Interpretation, or inference
Thunder, Thundering - 1: βροντή (Strong's #1027 — Noun Feminine — bronte — bron-tay' ) in Mark 3:17 "sons of thunder" is the Interpretation of Boanerges, the name applied by the Lord to James and John; their firey disposition is seen in Mark 9:38 ; Luke 9:54 ; perhaps in the case of James it led to his execution. The name and its Interpretation have caused much difficulty; some suggest the meaning "the twins
Scapegoat - The safest and best Interpretation is, that the goat itself symbolically bore away the sins of God's people from His presence and remembrance, Psalm 103:12
Sea of Glass - According to the Interpretation of some, "this calm, glass-like sea, which is never in storm, but only interfused with flame, represents the counsels of God, those purposes of righteousness and love which are often fathomless but never obscure, always the same, though sometimes glowing with holy anger
Weasel - This latter Interpretation is probably the right one
Expound - epilusis, "an Interpretation," 2 Peter 1:20 . , "hermeneutics"), is translated, "He expounded" in Luke 24:27 , AV, RV, "interpreted;" in Acts 9:36 , "by Interpretation," lit
Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin - After the wise men of the kingdom could not decipher the writing, Daniel was brought in to give an Interpretation. ”...
Daniel's Interpretation was that Nebuchadnezzar and his kingdom had been weighed in the balance and found wanting
Musselman - " There are two kinds of Musselmen very averse to each other; the one called Sonnites follow the Interpretation of the Alcoran given by Omar; the Shiites are the followers of Ali
J - See Pentateuch ; Bible, History of Interpretation
Liberality - The precise meaning of the underlying Greek is a matter of Interpretation
Chub - Other translations follow an Interpretation of the Septuagint, the earliest Greek translation, to find meaning in the text, reading “Lud” for “Chub,” and translating “Libya
Dreams - One of the results was that many of the nations surrounding Israel had religious figures skilled in the Interpretation of dreams. In such nations as Egypt and Assyria, these interpreters even developed “dream books” by which they could give Interpretations according to the symbols of a dream. A simple “message dream” apparently did not need Interpretation. For instance, Joseph, in Matthew 1:1 and Matthew 2:1 , understood the dreams concerning Mary and Herod even though no mention is made of Interpretation. Complex symbolic dreams, though, needed the interpretive skill of someone with experience or an unusual ability in Interpretation. Even Daniel himself had dreams in which the symbolism was so complex that he had to seek divine Interpretation ( Daniel 8:1 ). ...
How and by Whom Were Dreams Interpreted? Since several religions and cultures developed people skilled in Interpretation, this skill undoubtedly was communicated to later generations both through writings and through training a new generation by apprenticeship. Daniel's story in Daniel 2:1 , especially, demonstrates several points about dream Interpretation. Second, he summoned all those with skill in Interpretation of dreams, but they could not meet his demands
Construction - ) The method of construing, interpreting, or explaining a declaration or fact; an attributed sense or meaning; understanding; explanation; Interpretation; sense
Calmet, Dom Augustine - In his "Commentary on all the Books of the Old and New Testament, he confines himself to the literal Interpretation of the text
Bible - The expositor who nullifies the historical groundwork of Scripture for the sake of finding only spiritual truths everywhere, brings death on all correct Interpretation
Augustine Calmet - In his "Commentary on all the Books of the Old and New Testament, he confines himself to the literal Interpretation of the text
Antioch, School of - They steered a course between Origen and Theodore, avoiding the excesses of both, and thus laying the foundation of the principles of Interpretation which Catholic exegetes follow
Aphrah - (af' ruh) KJV Interpretation of place name in Micah 1:10 , also called Beth Ophrah (NIV) or Beth-le-aphrah (RSV; NAS); or Beth Leaphrah (TEV)
School of Antioch - They steered a course between Origen and Theodore, avoiding the excesses of both, and thus laying the foundation of the principles of Interpretation which Catholic exegetes follow
Vessel - ’ The first Interpretation is adopted by many early writers, and is found as far back as Tertullian (de Resurrectione Carnis, 16): ‘Caro … vas vocatur apud Apostolum, quam jubet in honore tractari. But this Interpretation forces an unnatural meaning on κτᾶσθαι, which can mean only ‘to acquire,’ not ‘to possess’ or ‘to keep. ...
The Interpretation of σκεῦος as ‘wife’ is held by Augustine: ‘ut sciret unusquisque eorum suum possidere vas, hoc est, uxorem’ (circa, about Jul. But is it the fact that the term σκεῦος was necessarily depreciatory?...
On the whole, the second Interpretation seems to harmonize the better with the context and to avoid the difficulty of a strained Interpretation of κτᾶσθαι, but it must not be overlooked that many names of weight are in favour of the first
Hadad-Rimmon - The exact Interpretation of the passage is difficult, Hadad-rimmon being mentioned nowhere else
Private, Privately - A — 1: ἴδιος (Strong's #2398 — Adjective — idios — id'-ee-os ) one's own, is translated "private" in 2 Peter 1:20 (see under Interpretation)
Soul Sleep - This is not a heresy, only an error of Interpretation
Fishhook - Such was the fate of Manasseh according to one Interpretation ( 2 Chronicles 33:11 , NAS, NIV, TEV)
Desire of All Nations - The messianic Interpretation first appears in the Latin Vulgate translation, while the treasures would show Yahweh's power to restore the glory of His house despite the people's poverty
Equivocal - ) (Literally, called equally one thing or the other; hence:) Having two significations equally applicable; capable of double Interpretation; of doubtful meaning; ambiguous; uncertain; as, equivocal words; an equivocal sentence
Rationalism - Historically, modern rationalism proceeds from the Lutheran principle of private Interpretation of the Bible. As early as the 16th century some Protestants applying the principle of private Interpretation rejected or interpreted symbolically the supernatural mysteries of the Trinity, the Incarnation, the Redemption, and the Eucharist. The doubts and contradictions arising from private Interpretation of Sacred Scripture led many to believe that nothing certain could be known from revelation and hence natural religion sufficed, e
Mahol - An alternate Interpretation takes the phrase “sons of the place of dancing” as a title for those who danced as part of the Temple ritual (compare Psalm 149:3 ; Psalm 150:4 )
Explanation - ) The meaning attributed to anything by one who explains it; definition; Interpretation; sense
Rendering - ) In art, the presentation, expression, or Interpretation of an idea, theme, or part
Tongues - The other form of the gift of tongues is thought to have been an ecstatic form of worship, chiefly praise, but requiring Interpretation
Hornet - By most interpreters a literal Interpretation is accepted, but a metaphorical use of the word is contended for by some
Science - The knowledge which the Apostle has in view and here condemns was a mystical Interpretation of the OT, and particularly its legal parts
Beer-Lahairoi - ” Interpretation of the name and location of the place are difficult
Ashteroth-Karnaim - For Interpretation of name see Ashtoreth, and for location, Ashtaroth
Translation - The act of turning into another language Interpretation as the translation of Virgil or Homer
Mechanicism - In a restricted sense, mechanism is Interpretation of the highly complex activities of life as merely the product of the organization and interplay of physico-chemical forces, either known or unknown
Mechanism - In a restricted sense, mechanism is Interpretation of the highly complex activities of life as merely the product of the organization and interplay of physico-chemical forces, either known or unknown
Lattice - According to one Interpretation, in Ezekiel's Temple vision the windows were latticed (Ezekiel 41:16 ,Ezekiel 41:16,41:26 , NAS)
Bartimaeus - Mark, for the benefit of his Gentile readers, gives the Interpretation of it, ‘the son of Timæus
Mallow - Its fading flowers provide an image for the unrighteous according to one Interpretation of Job 24:24 (NRSV, REB)
Allegory - Allegory should be distinguished from allegorical Interpretation, which is a species of accommodation (see allegorical sense)
Dulcimer - " The most probable Interpretation is that it was a bag-pipe similar to the zampagna of Southern Europe
Exposition - ) The act of expounding or of laying open the sense or meaning of an author, or a passage; explanation; Interpretation; the sense put upon a passage; a law, or the like, by an interpreter; hence, a work containing explanations or Interpretations; a commentary
Bible, Hermeneutics - The art of biblical Interpretation developed slowly. See Bible, History of Interpretation . While there have always been some people who interpreted the Bible in ways similar to what we do today, the science of biblical Interpretation began to develop in the days of the Renaissance and Reformation and was given new importance by the work of Luther and Calvin. 4) Preference should be given to the Interpretation which is clearest and simplest, the most obvious. ...
Historical Task Interpretation begins with a historical task. Translation is itself a stage of Interpretation. These matters are acutely important in the work of translation, but they also must not be overlooked in the process of Interpretation. ...
Rhetorical analysis is another important phase of the literary task of Interpretation. But it does mean that we should be careful not to interpret Scriptures in such a way that we introduce contradictions into our Interpretation of the Bible. The careful interpreter will always want to compare an Interpretation of a passage with what the Bible teaches elsewhere to see if the Interpretation “fits” with what the Bible says in other places. Only illumination or divine guidance can lead to correct Interpretation
Phylactery - The practice was founded upon a literal Interpretation of Exodus 13:9; Exodus 13:16; Deuteronomy 6:8; Deuteronomy 11:18, and is continued to the present day
sa'Lem - Two main opinions have been current from the earliest ages of Interpretation: (1)
Jesus Only Movement - This movement is incorrect in its Trinitarian Interpretation
Translation - ) The act of rendering into another language; Interpretation; as, the translation of idioms is difficult
Interpretation - Interpretation . In the NT, examples are frequent of the Interpretation in Greek of a Hebrew or Aramaic phrase ( Matthew 1:23 ; Matthew 27:46 , Mark 5:41 ; Mark 15:22 ; Mark 15:34 , John 1:38 ; John 1:41 f. The speaker himself might possess the gift of Interpretation and use it for the benefit of the congregation (see 1 Corinthians 14:5 ; 1 Corinthians 14:13 ), or, on the other hand, he might not. A somewhat ambiguous use of the word ‘interpretation’ occurs in 2 Peter 1:20 , where the writer refers to the expounding of ancient prophecies; ‘no prophecy of scripture is of private (RVm [4] ‘special’) Interpretation. ’ Two explanations of this passage are current: (1) the ‘interpretation’ is that of the prophet himself, who, because of his peculiar relation to the Spirit of God, uttered words the full meaning of which he did not comprehend; or (2) the word has a reference to the exegesis of the passage in question by individual readers
Charismata - Saint Paul enumerates most of them in 1 Corinthians 12: the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, faith, the grace of healing, the working of miracles, prophecy, the discerning of spirits, the gift of tongues, Interpretation of speeches, and the charismata of apostles, prophets, doctors, helps, governments
Heliodorus - There is commonly supposed to be a reference to Heliodorus in Daniel 11:20 , but the Interpretation of the passage is doubtful
Epikeia - (Greek: epieikes, reasonable) ...
An indulgent and benign Interpretation of law, which regards a law as not applying in a particular case because of circumstances unforeseen by the lawmaker
Maschil - Some of the rabbins believe that, in repeating the psalms which have this inscription, it was usual to add an Interpretation or explication to them
Macarius, a Roman Christian - Rufinus just at this time arriving from Palestine, Macarius saw in this the Interpretation of his dream and sought from him light from the Greek fathers
Circumstantiality in the Parables - an illustration and a didactic part, which, according to the view we hold, may be called either the Interpretation or the application. And this feature of the parables suggests some questions which we may consider under the following heads:—(1) In how far is the circumstantiality of the narratives authentic? (2) If we accept the traditional principle of parabolical ‘interpretation,’ can we fix a limit beyond which it is illegitimate to interpret the details? (3) If we reject this principle of parabolical ‘interpretation,’ can we meet the objection that the circumstantiality of the illustrations is empty ornament?...
1. If we accept the traditional principle of parabolical ‘interpretation,’ in how far are we justified in seeking to interpret the circumstantial details so largely present in the parables? There are some who insist that every little detail is significant, and who regard that as the true method of Interpretation which seeks to find some spiritual truth to correspond to every item of the illustration. 271) maintains that Christ never introduces the slightest detail into any parable which is not designed to correspond to something in the Interpretation. Indeed, if the principle of ‘interpretation’ be admitted at all, if the parables, as such treatment of them involves, in spite of all protest to the contrary, are really allegories, it is difficult to see on what ground a line can be drawn beyond which it is illegitimate to interpret the details. The more perfect the allegory, the more will it admit of Interpretation down to the minutest circumstance. The artificiality of the method and the unsatisfactoriness of the conclusions may be urged as an objection to the general principle of parabolical ‘interpretation’ underlying such method, but on that principle the method itself appears thoroughly defensible. If we reject the principle of parabolical ‘interpretation,’ does not the circumstantiality of the illustrations become mere useless ornament? This is an objection raised against those who contend that the parables are not to be regarded as allegories of which we have to seek the Interpretation, but as comparisons between the principle involved in some case taken from everyday life and a similar principle which it is desired to establish in the spiritual sphere
Tradition - , the witnessthat the Church bears by the writings of the Fathers and theenactments of her General Councils to the Truths of the ChristianReligion and the Interpretation of Holy Scripture. Peter's words, "No prophecy of the Scripture is ofany private Interpretation. " Inasmuch as the Church is the "Witnessand keeper of Holy Writ," and that it is upon her testimony that weknow what is the Bible, it is but reasonable to defer to herinterpretation, her universal customs and traditions as to itsmeaning
Allegory - As a general phenomenon, allegorical Interpretation is adopted when sacred traditions are challenged by advances in knowledge and thought. ...
Allegorical Interpretation of the Old Testament arose among Hellenistic Jews in Alexandria during the second century B. A strong prophetic-fulfillment Interpretation of the Old Testament also is evident. ...
While Jesus never made allegorical Interpretations of the Old Testament, some of His parables were interpreted as allegories. ...
Paul employed allegorical Interpretations on four occasions (1 Corinthians 5:6-8 ; 1 Corinthians 9:8-10 ; 1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ; Galatians 4:21-31 ), once employing the word allegory itself (Galatians 4:24 ). ...
1 Corinthians 5:6-8 is not so much an Interpretation of the Old Testament as it is the use of an Old Testament image that finds fulfillment in the sacrifice of Christ, our Passover
Understanding - ) The act of one who understands a thing, in any sense of the verb; knowledge; discernment; comprehension; Interpretation; explanation
Nimrod - According to one Interpretation of Genesis 10:11 , he also founded Nineveh and the Assyrian empire; though this is usually understood to have been done by Asshur, when expelled by Nimrod from the land of Shinar, Micah 5:6
Interpretation - ...
For the right Interpretation of the word of God, the chief requisites are, a renewed heart, supremely desirous to learn and do the will of God; the aid of the Holy Spirit, sought and gained; a firm conviction that the word of God should rule the erring season and heart of man; a diligent comparison of its different parts, for the light they throw upon each other; all reliable information as to the history and geography, the customs, laws, and languages, the public, domestic, and inner life of Bible times
Rainbow, - The right Interpretation of (Genesis 9:13 ) seems to be that God took the rainbow, which had hitherto been but a beautiful object shining in the heavens when the sun's rays fell on falling rain, and consecrated it as the sign of his love and the witness of his promise
Concordance - Calasius, an Italian cordelier, has given us concordances of the Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, in two columns: the first, which is Hebrew, is that of rabbi Mordecai Nathan verbatim, and according to the order of the books and chapters: in the other column is a Latin Interpretation of each passage of Scripture quoted by R. Mordecai: this Interpretation is Calasius's own; but in the margin he adds that of the LXX and the Vulgate, when different from his. The Greek concordances are only for the New Testament, except one by Conrad Kircher on the Old, containing all the Hebrew words in alphabetical order; and underneath, all the Interpretations of them in the LXX, and in each Interpretation all the places where they occur in that version
Frost - It is rendered by Gesenius, the Hebrew lexicographer, "ant," and so also by others, but the usual Interpretation derived from the ancient versions may be maintained
Cockle - He says that this Interpretation is certain, because, as Celsius had observed, ביש , in Arabic, denotes the aconite; and he intimates that it best suits Job 31:40 , where it is mentioned as growing instead of barley
Man of Sin - This Interpretation is supported by the fact that in his letters to the Thessalonians, St. ’ It is, therefore, probably better not to attempt a precise historical Interpretation of either the ‘man of lawlessness’ or ‘him that restraineth,’ but to regard the former as a reference to the expected Antichrist, and the latter to some unidentified personal influence that led to the postponement of his appearance
Porter - The most natural Interpretation is that given by Westcott (Gospel of John, in loc. ): ‘The Interpretation will vary according to the special sense attached to the “sheep” and the “shepherd
Interpretation - ’ (3) In the sense of Scriptural exposition, the word ‘interpretation’ is rarely used in the NT. The meaning of ‘private Interpretation’ in 2 Peter 1:20 (ἰδίας ἐπιλύσεως) is doubtful, though, in view of what follows, it seems to signify the prophet’s complete subordination to God’s will. In Luke 24:27 (διερμηνεύω) direct reference is made to Christian Interpretation of the OT books-a practice which was very general and very important in the apostolic period. For Matthew OT prophecy is virtually a ‘source’ of information about Jesus’ career, as when Mark 11:1-7, is made to conform to the first evangelist’s Interpretation of Zechariah 9:9 (Matthew 21:1-7; see also Matthew 1:22 f. Christians gave to the OT all the prestige it had in Judaism, believing that they, through their faith in Christ, had come into possession of the only key to all true Interpretation. ...
Thus their methods were more spontaneous than those of scribism, yet the general character of their Interpretation was predominantly Jewish. ), and his Interpretation of the OT injunction against muzzling the ox (1 Corinthians 9:9 f. Yet early Christian Interpretation did not run to the same extreme of barren artificiality as that of the scribes, nor was it pursued merely for its own sake. Case, ‘The NT Writers’ Interpretation of the OT,’ in BW Thigh - ’ There is considerable doubt as to the Interpretation (see Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) , s
Collect - Another Interpretation is that which distinguishes the Collectas the prayer offered by the Priest alone on behalf of thepeople, while in the Litanies and Versicles the Priest and peoplepray alternately
Heresy - The Scriptures being the standard of faith, any opinion that is repugnant to its doctrines, is heresy but as men differ in the Interpretation of Scripture, an opinion deemed heretical by one body of christians,may be deemed orthodox by another
Loss - ) An Interpretation, consisting of one or more words, interlinear or marginal; an explanatory note or comment; a running commentary
Loss - ) An Interpretation, consisting of one or more words, interlinear or marginal; an explanatory note or comment; a running commentary
Loss - ) An Interpretation, consisting of one or more words, interlinear or marginal; an explanatory note or comment; a running commentary
Regulae Juris - (Latin: rules of law) ...
In general, rules of legal Interpretation
Partridge - The KJV Interpretation is an apt picture of riches which come to nothing. In other Interpretations, the partridge who steals eggs or chicks is no less fortunate than any bird whose chicks grow and leave the nest
Allegory - ...
Allegorical Interpretation, sometimes called allegorizing, is Interpretation of texts that treats them as allegorical, whether or not their author intended them to be allegories. Allegorical Interpretations even of true allegories can be misleading, either in incorrectly identifying the corresponding elements in the referent or in identifying corresponding elements where no correspondence was originally intended. The parable of the sower is followed by an allegorical Interpretation (Mark 4:14-20 ) that has been widely criticized, but on examination, the common objections turn out to support authenticity
Door - This is the Interpretation given by Saint John Chrysostom, Father Rickaby, Father Lagrange, and other commentators
Sow, Sower - , Matthew 13:3,4 ; Luke 19:21,22 ; John 4:37 ; 2 Corinthians 9:6 (b) in the Interpretation of parables, e
Tongues, Gift of - Among the gifts of the Spirit the apostle enumerates in 1 Corinthians 12:10-14:30 ,, "divers kinds of tongues" and the "interpretation of tongues
Spiritual Gifts - Since the Bible is complete there is no further need for the revelatory gifts like speaking in tongues and the Interpretation of tongues
Cavalry - The Hebrew term parash refers to both with the context the only guide to Interpretation
Calvinism - A system of Christian Interpretation initiated by John Calvin
Lily - It was of gorgeous beauty, Matthew 6:28-29, growing near the place where the Sermon on the Mount was delivered, luxuriant and probably rapid in its growth, Hosea 14:5; it was found in the valleys among thorns and on pasture land, Song of Solomon 2:1-2; Song of Solomon 2:16; Song of Solomon 4:5; Song of Solomon 6:3; still, whether it was scarlet, or emitted a fragrant odor, we cannot gather with certainty from Song of Solomon 5:13, as critics differ in their Interpretation of this verse
Septuagint - This ancient version contains many errors, and yet as a whole is a faithful one, particularly in the books of Moses; it is of great value in the Interpretation of the Old Testament, and is very often quoted by the New Testament writers, who wrote in the same dialect
Gloria Patri - Sung after the Psalms it gives to them a Christianmeaning and Interpretation
Allegory - The word ‘allegory’ has come to be used more particularly of a certain type of Scripture Interpretation (q. His Allegories of the Sacred Laws is one of his chief works, though all his writings are dominated by this method of Interpretation. -See list appended to article Interpretation
Hagar - Pauline Interpretation (Galatians) relates the superiority of a son born according to the Spirit over the son born according to the “flesh
Translation - ’ The NT passage adds an Interpretation of the ‘translation,’ namely, ‘that he should not see death,’ whereas the passages in Gen
Wayside - Jesus gave His own Interpretation of the parable
Peleg - According to this Interpretation, Peleg's name commemorates the beginnings of organized agriculture
Certain - The dream is certain and the Interpretation sure
Baalzebub (Beelzebub) - Such an Interpretation would account for the variation in spelling, and for its application to Satan, whose realm was called ‘the house’ par excellence among the Jews of the NT period
John, the Second And Third Epistles of - According to one Interpretation she is "the Lady Electa," to another, "the elect Kyria," to a third, "the elect Lady
Assembly - The passage has given rise to considerable variety of Interpretation, indication of which may be seen in Revised Version text and margin. ’ In this Interpretation he is followed by A. ...
Against this latter Interpretation, it may be pointed out that men are mentioned separately-‘and to the spirits of just men made perfect’-and it is improbable that the groups occur twice. Besides, if living Christians are referred to, as this Interpretation seems to imply, it is awkward ‘to speak of their coming to a company which includes themselves’ (A. On the whole it appears better to abide by the first Interpretation
Scriptures - ...
The position of the "Greek adjectives", theopneustos kai ofelimos , inseparably connected, forbids making one a predicate the other an epithet, "every Scripture given by inspiration of God is also profitable," as Eilicott translated In 2 Peter 1:20-21, explain "no prophecy of Scripture proves to be (ginetai ) of private (an individual writer's uninspired) Interpretation," i. "Private" is explained "by the will of man," in contrast to "moved by the Holy Spirit," not in contrast to the universal church's Interpretation, as Rome teaches
Intermediate State - And if once we are satisfied that a state of separate existence is possible, we shall easily attach credit to the Interpretation commonly given of the various expressions in Scripture, which intimate that the souls of good men are admitted to the presence of God immediately after death, although we soon find that a bound is set to our speculations concerning the nature of this intermediate state. But when we leave philosophical probability, and come to the doctrine of Scripture, the only ground of certainty on all such subjects, a great number of passages are so explicit, that no ingenuity of Interpretation has been sufficient to weaken their evidence on this point
Dreams - The easterns, in particular the Jews, greatly regarded dreams, and applied for their Interpretation to those who undertook to explain them. The Midianites gave credit to dreams, as appears from that which a Midianite related to his companion; and from whose Interpretation Gideon took a happy omen, Judges 7:13 ; Judges 7:15
an'Tichrist - " (2 Thessalonians 2:3 ) This Interpretation brings Antichrist into close connection with the gigantic power of evil, symbolized by the "beast," (Revelation 13:1 ) . Such an Interpretation is to be preferred to that which regards Antichrist as the embodiment and personification of all powers and agencies inimical to Christ, or of the Antichristian might of the world
Midrash - Title of a body of Jewish literature that gathers together the Jewish scholars' exegesis, exposition, and homiletical Interpretations of Scripture in the centuries just before and after Jesus. Midrash also includes a religious Interpretation of history, as the prophet Iddo's commentary on the acts, ways, and sayins of King Abijam (2 Chronicles 13:22 ) and the Commentary on the Book of the Kings, in which were set forth the burdens laid upon King Joash and his rebuilding of the Temple (2 Chronicles 24:27 ). It is important, therefore, for the Interpretation of the New Testament to understand the characteristic methods and approach of midrash. ...
An important use of the Midrash is that it gives the interpreter of Scripture a greater insight into Interpretation from a people closer to the original appearance of the Old Testament books, as well as an understanding of the text across history by Jewish people
Sermon on the Mount - ...
Approaches to Interpretation Before looking at the contentsof the sermon itself, it is helpful to briefly consider the ways in which the Sermon on the Mount has been interpreted. The goal of many Interpretations is to alleviate the tension between Jesus' expectations and our abilities. ...
One obvious question that arises for those holding to a literal Interpretation is: What do you do about a passage like Matthew 5:29-30 which talks about plucking out the eye and cutting off the hand that is offensive? Some in the history of the church have interpreted this literally. Other figurative or poetic elements as well do not lend themselves to a literal Interpretation (for example Matthew 5:13-16 ; Matthew 6:20 ; Matthew 7:6 ,Matthew 7:6,7:13-27 ). First, if a strictly literal Interpretation is insufficient, what other methods are acceptable? Second, which passages should be interpreted literally and which should not? Attention will be focused here on the answers given to the first question. From there Jesus explained His Interpretation of the law (Matthew 5:17-48 ) and certain acts of righteousness (Matthew 6:1-18 ), described the attitudes required of His disciples (Matthew 6:19-7:12 ), and invited the listeners to become and continue as His disciples (Matthew 7:13-27 )
Chantry - Bequests for the celebration of Masses for the soul of the testator were considered illegal in England, on account of false Interpretation of the Chantries Act of Edward VI, 1541, the Act of William IV, and the case of West vs
Jotham - After he had told the fable and given its Interpretation, Jotham fled for his life
Herodion - It is this Interpretation which has given rise to one of the difficulties felt in deciding the destination of the passage Romans 16:3-20
Virgin - The Interpretation that this passage refers to a man and woman already in some kind of relation by way of a spiritual marriage and living together in a vow of virginity and celibacy, is untenable if only in view of the phraseology of the passage; (e) figuratively, of "a local church" in its relation to Christ, 2 Corinthians 11:2 ; (f) metaphorically of "chaste persons," Revelation 14:4
Image, Nebuchadnezzar's - ...
The Interpretation of the statue in Nebuchadnezzar's dream is debated. According to one Interpretation, the various materials refer to the line of Neo-Babylonian kings which came to an end with the conquest of Cyrus who is identified as the divinely ordained rock (Daniel 2:45 ; compare Isaiah 44:28 ; Isaiah 45:1 )
New Code of Canon Law - As the Code is not always easy of Interpretation, Pope Benedict XV, in 1917, established a special commission with authority to interpret it. This body alone can give the authentic Interpretation
Canon Law, New Code of - As the Code is not always easy of Interpretation, Pope Benedict XV, in 1917, established a special commission with authority to interpret it. This body alone can give the authentic Interpretation
Hermeneutics - Before determining rules of Interpretation, it must be kept in mind that the Bible has a twofold aspect: it is a literature written by men, and it is God's Word entrusted to the Church to guard and explain. Furthermore the unanimous consent of the Fathers in interpreting any text of the Bible that pertains to faith or morals cannot be set aside, since the consent of the Fathers in such matters is proof that their Interpretation has descended, as a matter of Catholic Faith from the Apostles
Brother - The first Interpretation, however, is the most natural
Word - Apart from the personal use of ‘Word’ as a title of Christ (see Logos), its Biblical Interpretation presents few difficulties
Biblical Institute at Rome, the - The subjects taught embrace the special questions of biblical introduction, archeology, history, geography, philology, and Interpretation
Levit'Icus - We may not always be able to say what the exact relation is between the type and the antitype; but we cannot read the Epistle to the Hebrews and not acknowledge that the Levitical priests "served the pattern and type of heavenly things;" that the sacrifices of the law pointed to and found their Interpretation in the Lamb of God; that the ordinances of outward purification signified the true inner cleansing of the heart and conscience from dead works to serve the living God
Evangelical Counsels - " (Matthew 10) Or this the narrowest Interpretation must be, that one ruling his life by the love of worldly goods is outside the way of salvation; to be in it one must be ready to keep the Commandments at any cost
Dreams - But the observance of ordinary dreams and the consulting of those who pretend to skill in their Interpretation are repeatedly forbidden
Procopius Gazaeus, a Christian Sophist - ); his profession of belief as to the nature of the Triune God, and the importance, authority, and Interpretation of Scripture, is very satisfactory
Revelation, Book of - Interpretation . ( c ) There is a measure of truth in each of these two methods, but the real method of Interpretation must be independent of dogmatic presuppositions. The fundamental principles of such Interpretation involve the recognition of the facts (i. ...
An application of these principles to the Interpretation of Revelation demands (1) that an historical Interpretation be given the pictures describing the miseries of the Church. The conditions of such Interpretation are most naturally fulfilled in the persecution under Domitian (81 96), although there may be references to that under the dead Nero. Another Interpretation would make ‘the Latin or the Roman Empire. ’ The best that can be said, however, is that if the Interpretation by Gematria is unsatisfactory, the interpreter is forced back upon the general references of ‘the hills,’ ‘the city,’ and ‘the horns’ or kings, as a basis for regarding Rome as the great enemy of the Christian and his Church. ...
Such a method of Interpretation, based upon general characteristics of apocalypses, preserves the element of truth in both the futurist and the historical methods of Interpretation, the pictures of persecution symbolizing actual historical conditions, but the forecast of deliverance reverting to the general Messianic expectation of events lying outside of history
Tares - Our Interpretation of it is affected by a few exegetical details. ...
The correct Interpretation of this parable flows directly from its historical setting. ...
This Interpretation leaves unanswered those questions about Church discipline which have made the parable an ecclesiastical battle-ground for centuries, because the parable has nothing to do with such controversies. (4) If the parable refers to Church discipline, it forbids it in toto, while the parable of the Net on a similar Interpretation makes it impossible. The history of the Interpretation of the parable shows that such a use of it was first made by Cyprian during his bishopric (248–258), in support of his theories of the Church. 250) knew of this Interpretation, but rejected it. (7) Last and most important, such an Interpretation ignores the historical situation, would have been a riddle to the disciples (cf. 43), a prophecy with no root in the present; it takes no account of the emphasis in Christ’s Interpretation, and of His omission of the servants’ question and the master’s answer therein (cf. ...
Two objections to the Interpretation of the parable proposed in this article deserve attention. ; Arnot (Parables) may be compared as a pioneer of the correct Interpretation
Staff - It is not improbable that the Septuagint gives an earlier and more correct Interpretation. ’ There is no difficulty of Interpretation if the Septuagint is followed: Jacob may have stood up to receive the oath of Joseph
Obadiah, Book of - The questions as to the origin and Interpretation of this, the shortest book of the OT, are numerous and difficult. ...
The book contains two themes: (1) a prophetic Interpretation of an overwhelming disaster which has already befallen Edom ( Obadiah 1:1-7 ; Obadiah 1:10-14 ; Obadiah 1:16 b); (2) a prediction of a universal judgment and specifically of judgment on Edom which is now imminent ( Obadiah 1:8-9 ; Obadiah 1:16 a, Obadiah 1:16-21 ). The prophetic Interpretation of Edom’s fall . This Interpretation is stated in simple and direct terms in Obadiah 1:10-11 , and dramatically in Obadiah 1:12-14 , where the writer, throwing himself back to the time of the Edomites’ ill-treatment of the Jews, adjures them not to do the things they actually did. in clause a , sing, in b ) and which may be an aside in the midst of the address, but is more probably an Interpolation; and Obadiah 1:8-9 (together with the last clause of Obadiah 1:7 ), which speak of Edom in the 3rd person and unmistakably regard the disaster as still future: these verses are best regarded as an addition by an editor who wished the prophetic Interpretation of past fact to be read as a prophetic description of the future. The theory of the origin and Interpretation of the book just described is substantially that of Wellhausen; it has been adopted in the main by Nowack and Marti; and, so far as the separation of Obadiah 1:15-21 (with Obadiah 1:15 b) from the rest of the chapter is concerned, and the assignment of the whole to a date after the Exile, by Cheyne ( EBi Magi - Men whose Interpretation of the stars led them to Palestine to find and honor Jesus, the newborn King (Matthew 2:1 )
Athaliah - She was either the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel of Israel (2 Kings 8:18 ) or of Omri, king of Israel (2 Kings 8:26 ; according to a literal reading of text as in KJV; an Interpretation of text extends Hebrew word for daughter to mean female descendant and thus “granddaughter as in NAS; NIV; RSV)
Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin - There are two things said of the king's wise men: they could not read the writing, nor make known to the king its Interpretation
Jeshurun - Perhaps Cocceius has given as probable an Interpretation as any
Therapeutae - An allegorical Interpretation of Scripture was the foundation of their speculations; and they had old theosophical writings which gave them this turn
Lower, Lowest - A — 1: κατώτερος (Strong's #2737 — Adjective — katoteros — kat-o'-ter-os ) the comparative degree of kato, "beneath," is used in Ephesians 4:9 , of Christ's descent into "the lower parts of the earth;" two of the various Interpretations of this phrase are (1) that the earth is in view in contrast to heaven, (2) that the region is that of hades, the Sheol of the OT. Inasmuch as the passage is describing the effects not merely of the Incarnation but of the death and resurrection of Christ, the second Interpretation is to be accepted; cp
Melchizedek - This opinion, indeed, lies upon the very face of the sacred record in Genesis 14:1-24 Hebrews 7:1-28 , and it is the only one that can be defeated on any tolerable grounds of Interpretation
Oppression - Oppression of guilt weighing upon the sinner’s soul was a condition which never failed specially to elicit ‘Christ’s sympathy and pity (Matthew 11:28-30 according to the Interpretation that commends itself to the present writer)
Origen - He popularized the homily, being called its father, more than 20 of his discourses being preserved in Greek and 118 in Latin; in addition we have his brilliant polemic "Contra Celsum" and "De principiis," dealing with the Trinity, creation, free-will, and scriptural inspiration and Interpretation. He has been accused of admitting only an allegorical Interpretation of Scripture too freely, of Subordinationism, of teaching the eternity of creation, a necessary connection between created spirits and matters, and the final universality of redemption
Song of Solomon - ...
Canon and Interpretation Because of its erotic language and the difficulty of its Interpretation, the rabbis questioned the place of the Song of Solomon in the canon. ”...
The problems of the book's place in the canon and its Interpretation are closely related. ...
Finally, a certain validity remains in the long history of Interpretation, which saw in the pure love of the Song a reflection of divine-human love (compare Ephesians 5:21-32 ; Song of Song of Solomon 3:6-11 ; and the messianic typology of Psalm 45:1
Dives - ’...
Although we are not concerned in this article with the Interpretation of the parable as a whole, we may yet appropriately refer to the various opinions which have been held as to who was intended by our Lord under the figure of the rich man. Another Interpretation, supported by Aphraates, Augustine (as an alternative), Gregory the Great, and Theophylact, and widely held in all sections of the Universal Church, is, that Dives represents, as in the last case, the Jewish people, but that Lazarus represents the Gentiles. The Interpretation which best suits all the facts of the case is that the rich man is a typical instance of the religious leaders of the people, Pharisees and Sadducees, and that Lazarus is a representative of the despised publicans, or of the neglected ‘common people. ’ If this is the primary significance of Dives and Lazarus, then we can see, as stated above, that Interpretation 4 is not lightly to be set aside; for if Pharisees and Sadducees despised and neglected those of their own nation, much more would they contemptuously overlook ‘sinners of the Gentiles
Philo - The first and largest deals with the Pentateuch under three heads: a short Interpretation, a long allegorical commentary, and an exposition in systematic order (the second and third of these may be called, with O. Notwithstanding his allegorical Interpretation, he firmly believes the biblical stories to be historically true; and he protests against the inference that the Law loses its claim to be observed in the letter once it is understood spiritually. -The most important point to note in Philo is his method of reading the above system into the Law of Moses or the Pentateuch by means of allegorical Interpretation. The Rabbis of Palestine were no less skilful in finding their own thoughts in the biblical text by means of their Interpretations. It is by his identifications in connexion with the manifold significance of the Logos that Philo’s Interpretation gains further variety by application to physical cosmology, to anthropological psychology, and to human ethics. It would be unfair, according to Philo, to understand the laws regarding food literally, whereas, in the case of other laws, he tries to prove that even the literal meaning witnesses to practical wisdom, while the allegorical Interpretation, brings out the true philosophy. Etymology of names is of course indispensable for this method of Interpretation: the beginnings of the Onomastica sacra may be found with Philo, who almost always gives ‘seeing God’ as the meaning of the name when he speaks of Israel, or ‘confession’ when he mentions Judah. ...
It is owing to this method of Interpretation that Philo had such an astonishing vogue in later centuries: almost all Christian writers of the early and mediaeval Church followed in his footsteps, in particular the interpreters of the Alexandrian School, from the author of the so-called Epistle of Barnabas down to Cyril. So Origen systematizes the various ways of applied Interpretation, by means of the anthropological trichotomy: historical, moral, and mystical Interpretation are combined in the Scripture as body, soul, and spirit are combined in man. Historical feeling, a prerogative of the Semitic race as compared with the Greeks, is still more predominant with the Antiochene School of Interpretation: here typological Interpretation is favoured. -The Fathers esteemed Philo as a witness in favour of early Christian monasticism; besides, they used his doctrine of the Logos and his method of Interpretation for their Christological constructions. _ Hebrews after all shows more traces of Palestinian than of Alexandrian Interpretation
Daniel, Book of - Questions rise in Interpretation not in the book's authority. Interpretation of the king's dream leads to the king's confession of God and to important positions for the friends (Daniel 2:1-49 ). Interpretation and fulfillment of the king's dream leads the king to praise God (Daniel 4:1-37 ). Loyalty to God and His rewards allows Interpretation of the handwriting on the wall, brings promotion in the kingdom, and spells doom for Babylon (Daniel 5:1-31 ). ...
Interpretation The literary features, authority, outline, and meaning of the book are rather clear. The historical setting and details of Interpretation bring varying opinions. This Interpretation may then take another step and say that the book lends itself to valid new Interpretations in light of Jesus Christ and the Christian hope, but that these were not necessarily the main points of the original author
Imprecatory Psalms - Since these psalms no less than other portions of Holy Writ are Divine utterances, their Interpretation must not make God the author of breaches of that love which we are bound to have even with regard to enemies
Utter - " (2) In Hebrews 5:11 , AV, dusermeneutos, followed by lego, "to speak," Two Sons, Parable of the - The Interpretation of the parable is this: The certain man is God; the first son, the notorious sinners, at first rebellious but who repented at the preaching of John the Baptist; the second son, the Pharisees and their type, who professed to obey God but rejected the teaching of the Precursor
Intermediate State - This Interpretation seems to contradict Paul's conviction that after death he anticipated conscious fellowship with Christ (Philippians 1:23 ). An Interpretation of 1 Peter 4:6 following this system would emphasize that the dead receive an opportunity to hear and respond to the gospel
Exegesis - At Alexandria, Pantrenus, Clement, and especially Origen, established a system of Interpretation. He erred by stressing the allegorical and mystical Interpretation to the neglect and at times the exclusion of the literal sense
Exegete - At Alexandria, Pantrenus, Clement, and especially Origen, established a system of Interpretation. He erred by stressing the allegorical and mystical Interpretation to the neglect and at times the exclusion of the literal sense
Analogy of Faith - If nothing more be meant than that, what is obscure in a revelation should be interpreted by that which is plain, the same rule applies to all sober Interpretations of any book whatever; but if we call our opinions, perhaps hastily taken up, or admitted on some authority without examination by the light of Scripture, "the analogy of faith," we shall greatly err. Why? because their great rule of Interpretation was the analogy of the faith; or, in other words, the system of the...
Pharisean scribes, the doctrine then in vogue, and in the profound veneration of which they had been educated. ‘But,' say some, ‘is not this mode of Interpretation warranted by Apostolical authority? Does not Paul, Romans 12:6 , in speaking of the exercise of the spiritual gifts, enjoin the prophets to prophesy κατα την αναλογιαν της πιστεως , according to the proportion of faith, as our translators render it, but as some critics explain it, according to the analogy of the faith?' Though this exposition has been admitted into some versions, and adopted by Hammond and other commentators, and may be called literal, it is suited neither to the ordinary meaning of the words, nor to the tenor of the context. Undoubtedly there is a class of great and leading truths in the Scriptures so clearly revealed as to afford principles of Interpretation in doubtful passages, and these are so obvious that persons of sound minds and hearts will not need those formal rules for the application of the analogy of faith to Interpretation, which have been drawn up by several writers, and which when not misleading, are generally superfluous
Parousia - The Messianic Interpretation given to Jesus by the Apostles was essentially eschatological. As to the exact time at which He expected His return we have no information, except such sayings as Mark 8:34-38 [1] and Luke 17:22 . ( b ) The coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost a view commonly held by those who reject the literalistic Interpretation of the apocalyptic elements of the NT, and identify the influence of the risen Jesus in the world with the Holy Spirit. At different times men have endeavoured by the Interpretation of the Book of Daniel to determine the precise date at which it will occur; but among those who still await a literal appearance of Christ in the air it is usual to regard the Parousia as likely to occur immediately, or at any time during an indefinite future period
New Birth - Such an Interpretation is not congruent with the tense of the Greek verb in this passage. There are a number of reasons that this Interpretation is preferable. " This Interpretation also coheres with the translation of John 3
Divination - Besides man's innovations scarcely an object or movement escapes Interpretation
Faculties, Canonical - ,those that are given either in perpetuity or for a definite time or for a certain number of cases, are reckoned as privileges above the law, therefore they are to be interpreted according to the rules governing the Interpretation of such privileges
Canonical Faculties - ,those that are given either in perpetuity or for a definite time or for a certain number of cases, are reckoned as privileges above the law, therefore they are to be interpreted according to the rules governing the Interpretation of such privileges
Molech - Passing their children through the fire might seem to imply that they were dedicated to the idol by being rapidly passed through a fire without being burnt, and this may have been done, but some passages do not admit of this Interpretation
Mirror - Tertullian has indeed the right Interpretation in adv. The older Interpretation-‘beholding as in a mirror’-loses the parallel between Moses’ direct vision of God and ours (by faith) of Christ, and fails to do justice to the ‘unveiled face
Spiritualizing of the Parables - ’ Euthymius Zigabenus, whose Interpretation of ‘the fatted calf’ (Luke 15:23) as ‘the holy body of Christ’ is saved from being blasphemous only by the good monk’s simple piety, makes out that the rich man is God (τὸν φιλάνθρωπον καὶ ἀνενδεῆ θεόν); the steward, every possessor of riches, such being ‘not lords but stewards’; the steward’s dismissal, death. § 19) gives a similar Interpretation, but with still greater luxuriance of fancy
Antichrist - This Interpretation brings Antichrist into close connection with the gigantic power of evil, symbolized by the "beast," Revelation 13:1-18, who received his power from the dragon (i. Such an Interpretation is to be preferred to that which regards Antichrist as the embodiment and personification of all powers and agencies inimical to Christ, or of the Antichristian might of the world. But the language of the apostles is obscure, and this obscurity has been deepened by the conflicting Interpretations of expositors
Fact And Theory - Take away either the facts or their authoritative Interpretation, and we have no Christianity left. Hence their Interpretation of the meaning of the great facts of Christianity, according to their own account of the matter, is not mere human reflexion upon the facts. If, therefore, we reject their Interpretation of the facts as itself immediately from God, and therefore authoritative, we shall not be able to trust them for the occurrence of the supernatural facts, and shall be driven logically to deny the immediacy and supernatural character of the Divine activity in the facts themselves. *
But we must observe, finally, that it is not sufficient to show the necessity of an Interpretation of the facts of Christianity. Whatever may be said as to the authority of Scripture, it is evident that the Bible does contain an Interpretation of the great facts of Christ’s life. And whatever Interpretation be put upon the language of Christ and His Apostles, it is plain that they had definite ideas as to who Christ was, why and how He came into this world, why He died, and what His death means. The whole of the Pauline letters are occupied to a large extent with the Interpretation of the facts of our Lord’s Incarnation, Death, and Resurrection. It is not possible, then, to assert that the NT contains no Interpretation of the facts which lie at the basis of Christianity. ...
We must therefore face the question of the authority of this Interpretation. For it is not the account which the Scripture writers give of their Interpretation of the facts of Christianity. Hence, if by reason of an anti-supernaturalistic philosophy we reject this claim, and regard their Interpretation of the facts as relative and conditioned by the conceptions of the time, we shall also be led logically to reject their statements as to the occurrence of supernatural facts. If we are to have any Christian religion, we must have the great supernatural facts of Christianity and an authoritative Interpretation of them. Green has given a Neo-Hegelian construction of Christianity which subordinates its facts and the Scripture Interpretation of them to a philosophical theory (Miscell. Thus, having abandoned all external authority, we lose the fact-basis as well as its Scripture Interpretation, and are left with a philosophy of religion. ’ The dogmatic Interpretation of them in the Scripture is also regarded as the external hull or symbol of rational truth. ...
It is evident that the principle of external authority in religious knowledge having been abandoned by this school also, the historic facts of Christianity as well as the Scripture Interpretation are given up
Phylacteries, Frontlets - The result is a verdict in favour of the figurative Interpretation of all the passages, including that just cited. On the other hand, if the literal Interpretation is followed, we should have to recognize another of the numerous instances in the Hebrew legislation, in which a deeply rooted and ineradicable practice of heathen origin and superstitious associations was adopted and given a religious signification, precisely as was done with the kindred sign of the tassels on the corners of the mantle (see Fringes, end). The date at which this literal Interpretation was first given effect to and the wearing of the phylacteries introduced cannot be determined with certainty. 180 170) seems to imply that the figurative Interpretation still held the field. This was no doubt due to the fact that some of the most influential Jewish exegetes still frankly maintained the figurative Interpretation of the cardinal passages of the Pentateuch
Proof - , as genuine]'>[1] in your faith;" this Interpretation, which was suggested by Hort, and may hold good for James 1:3 , has been confirmed from the papyri by Deissmann (Bible Studies, p
Nicolaitans - Lightfoot suggests a Hebrew Interpretation, nikola , "let us eat"; compare 1 Corinthians 15:32
Abaddon - Lowman adopts and confirms this Interpretation
Socialism - The philosophic basis for common ownership as a serious policy of social management was provided by Karl Marx (1818-1883) in his economic determmism or, as it is often called, the materialistic Interpretation of history
Tongues, Gift of - In 1Co 12:1-31 ; 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 ; 1 Corinthians 14:1-40 , among the charismata or (spiritual) gifts are ‘divers kinds of tongues’ and ‘the Interpretation of tongues’ ( 1 Corinthians 12:10 ; 1 Corinthians 12:30 ). , where the utterances are often unintelligible even to the utterer, are clearly repugnant to this Interpretation, and we have no proof that the Apostles ever preached in any language but Greek and Aramaic, even to the ‘barbarous’ heathen, such as the Lycaonians or Maltese. We cannot, then, follow the majority of the Fathers in their Interpretation. Paul’s words do not mean that their utterances were mere gibberish; on the contrary, they were capable of Interpretation if one who had that gift were present
Doctrine - The teacher attempts to offer a clear and connected Interpretation, for doctrine must be a coherent explication of what the Christian believes. ...
Christian doctrine is a corporate expression of an authoritative Interpretation of the faith as professed by a considerable body of church people. We cannot ignore this reality when we undertake biblical hermeneutics (interpretation). The church may become a servant to and rely only on inherited Interpretations of Scripture. Intellect The church has framed the canon, creeds, and confessions as a means of giving coherent Interpretation to the witness of the earliest church
Immanuel - Its Interpretation involves a discussion of Isaiah 7:1-25 , esp. The Interpretation of the sign is by no means clear. ( a ) The traditional Interpretation sees in the passage a direct prophecy of the Virgin-birth of Christ, and nothing else. In what sense, then, was it a sign to Ahaz? The view runs counter to the modern conception of prophecy, which rightly demands that its primary Interpretation shall be brought into relation to the ideas and circumstances of its age. ( e ) A more allegorical version of this Interpretation explains the maiden as Zion personified, and her ‘son’ as the coming generation. ]'>[1] (which has parthenos ‘virgin’) and the Alexandrian Jews apparently interpreted the passage in a Messianic sense and of a virgin-birth, there is no evidence to show that this Interpretation was sufficiently prominent and definite to explain the rise of the belief in the miraculous conception
Harlot - This Interpretation, however, cannot be maintained
Strangled - (Acts 15:20; Acts 15:29; Acts 21:25)...
The Interpretation of this word has been a difficulty almost from the beginning
Azazel - , "separation"), the Interpretation of those who regard the one goat as representing the atonement made, and the other, that "for Azazel," as representing the effect of the great work of atonement (viz
Equal, Equality - The change is of great importance to the right Interpretation of the whole passage
Almond - There are others, however, who still contend for the old Interpretation here
Fathers, the - Scriptures and their Interpretation, and alsoas showing forth the belief and usage of the Church in theearliest years of its history
Temptation of Christ - of Matthew, has been much the subject of infidel ridicule, and some ingenious writers, to avoid the difficulties of a literal Interpretation, have reduced the whole to vision and allegory
Middle Wall - Investigation of the term has yielded several possible Interpretations: (1) The wall that separated the inner and outer courts of the Temple and prevented Jews and Gentiles from worshiping together. (3) The “fence” consisting of detailed commandments and oral Interpretations erected around the law by its interpreters to ensure its faithful observation. ...
No one Interpretation is sufficient by itself
Rephan - But the date of Amos forbids this Interpretation
Seed - For this and similar examples of artificial exegesis in the NT, see Interpretation
Nicodemus - ” John identifies Nicodemus as a Pharisee, “a ruler of the Jews” (John 3:1 ), that is, a member of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish ruling council, and as “a teacher of Israel” (John 3:10 ), that is, an authority on the Interpretation of the Hebrew scriptures
Violence - Likewise, do violent men lay siege to the kingdom, or do “forceful men lay hold of it” (NIV)? Though the NIV Interpretation fits well with Luke's parallel (Luke 16:16 ), it appears too much like an effort to tone down the real harshness of Matthew's language
Phylacteries - The custom was founded on a mistaken Interpretation of Exodus 13:9,16 , "And it shall be for a taken upon thy hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes
Jehovah - This Jewish practice was founded on a false Interpretation of Leviticus 24:16
Song of Songs - ...
Interpretation...
Although the book declares that it was written by Solomon, it is not necessarily about Solomon personally. ...
Since the reader has to work out for himself who is speaking in the various poems, a number of Interpretations have been suggested. The variations in these subheadings reflect the variations in Interpretation. ...
Among those who regard the book as a drama involving Solomon himself, there are two main Interpretations
Gallio - He elicited the true nature of their complaint, and, cutting short the trial, he abruptly dismissed the case as referring only to Interpretations of Jewish law, not to any civil wrong or any moral outrage of which Roman law took cognizance. This seems the true Interpretation of a scene which has been supposed to describe Jews beating a Christian-or even their own leader-in revenge for their defeat. The clause ‘Gallio cared for none of these things’ does not bear in the least the Interpretation put upon it by proverbial Christian philosophy
Revela'Tion of st. John, - ...
Interpretation . Arnold in his sermons "On the Interpretation of Prophecy" suggests that we should bear in mind that predictions have a lower historical sense as well as a higher spiritual sense; that there may be one or more than one typical, imperfect, historical fulfillment of the prophecy, in each of which the higher spiritual fulfillment is shadowed forth more or less distinctly
Neighbour - ) becomes far more piquant, for it is precisely the Interpretation of Leviticus 19:18 which is there the point at issue. In Romans 15:2 and Ephesians 4:25 the context probably favours the Interpretation ‘fellow-Christian,’ in 1618106538_6 ‘fellow-man’; Galatians 5:14 and James 2:8 are doubtful
Vine, Allegory of the - The figurative side of the allegory is not developed first and then followed by the Interpretation, but figure and Interpretation are woven together throughout the passage. ...
In the Interpretation Christ Himself is the vine (‘the true vine’ is the phrase used, of which we shall discuss the significance presently); His Father is the husbandman, believers, especially the disciples, are the branches. But in proceeding to speak of the disciples, to whom He now directly refers as the branches, Christ gives a more general Interpretation of the figure of cleansing. This is the usual Interpretation of the verse, though Bengel makes the injunction embrace the whole: ‘Facite ut maneatis in me et ut ego maneam in vobis. In support of the first, it may be pointed out that, on this Interpretation, the phrase exactly corresponds to the ‘He that abideth in me and I in him’ of John 15:5. Now, in the Interpretation of John 15:7 suggested above, to have Christ’s words abiding in us, i. Illustration and Interpretation are mixed together throughout. The Evangelist has brought together in these farewell speeches all that seemed to deal with the self-revelation of Christ to believers; and as the Interpretation which he put upon the allegory, by making the central point of it an exhortation to abide in Christ, led him to include it in this category, he has inserted it here (Leben Jesu, ii
Paul as Sold Under Sin - ...
It is an old canon of Interpretation that Paul alone is his own true interpreter. That is to say-There is no other possible interpreter of Paul, in all the world of Interpretation, but only Paul himself. And I have come upon two other exegetical rules that have had the most profound results out of this present text; "the right context is half the Interpretation. " Now when we take Paul in this present text as speaking seriously and not in a sacred jest; and then when we take the whole context, we get an Interpretation altogether worthy of Paul; altogether worthy of the depth and strength and majesty of the Epistle to the Romans; altogether worthy of the grace of God, and of the blood of Jesus Christ, as, also, altogether worthy of the Holy Ghost. And if the above Interpretation is not the true Interpretation of this text, then I must just admit to you in the very words of St. ...
Now this is another sure rule of Interpretation that whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope
Psalms (2) - Most welcome of all would be those fine Interpretations of the character of God scattered throughout the Psalter—as of one who is not only Lord of all space and time (90, 139), but who is also ‘good and ready to forgive and rich in love to all that call upon him’ (Psalms 86:5, Psalms 103:8), who opens His hand and satisfies the desire of every living thing (Psalms 145:16), who is father of the fatherless and judge of the widow (Psalms 68:6 (5)), who rises up at the oppression of the poor and the sighing of the needy (Psalms 12:6 (5)). Psalms 37:11); but, with the single exception—if it be an exception—of Psalms 110, to be afterwards discussed, He does not seem directly to countenance, by His own example, that Messianic Interpretation of the Psalter upon which the Church has, from her earliest days, uniformly insisted. And this omission would be very singular, if He had generally countenanced Messianic Interpretation in the narrower sense in which that word has been commonly understood. While to some of the psalms whose subject is a king a Messianic Interpretation has been assigned (cf. 2), in others the actual contents and implications of the psalm render that Interpretation impossible. This Interpretation would hardly even have been possible but for the LXX Septuagint , which happens to render the Hebrew בְּמָשָׁל by ἐν ταραβολαῖς—another good illustration of the control that the LXX Septuagint exercised over Messianic Interpretation. Sometimes psalms which are commonly regarded as Messianic contain sentiments which are un-Christian, and which therefore render the Messianic Interpretation, in any sense worth defending, untenable. A study of the NT allusions to this psalm is peculiarly instructive, as, though there is a general agreement that it is Messianic, there is considerable variety in its Interpretation. ...
This application of the passage shows that, even in very early times, the Messianic Interpretation of such psalms was felt to be not the only possible one. ...
Here, then, are three different Interpretations of the verse within the NT: the Divine sonship of the Messiah is variously connected with His baptism, His resurrection, or His eternal generation. These interesting fluctuations of opinion are possible only because the historical Interpretation of the psalm is ignored. But its solemn and emphatic predication of the Divine sonship of the king, possibly also its outlook upon a world-wide dominion, made it natural, and almost inevitable, under the conditions of early Christian Interpretation, that it should he regarded as, in some sense, a prediction of Jesus. Nothing is more natural than that the early Christians should have interpreted this psalm Messianically, or that that Interpretation should have persisted throughout the whole history of the Christian Church
Shoe - The context and the singular ‘shoe’ (not ‘shoes’) favour the former Interpretation
Heavenly City, the - One Interpretation sees the Heavenly City suspended above the earth like a space platform
Satan - , 1 Samuel 29:4 ; Psalm 38:20 ; 71:13 ; four in Psalm 109 ; (c) of "Satan," the Devil, some seventeen or eighteen times in the OT; in Zechariah 3:1 , where the name receives its Interpretation, "to be (his) adversary," RV (see marg
Massah And Meribah - Meribah , on this Interpretation, originally signified ‘the place of judgment,’ because Moses delivered there his oracular sentences; cf
Beersheba - A halting-place of Abraham ( Genesis 21:31 ), where Hagar was sent away ( Genesis 21:14 ), and where he made a covenant with Abimelech, from which the place is alleged to take its name (‘well of the covenant,’ according to one Interpretation)
Magician - Their studies were physic, astrology, divination, foretelling of future events by the stars, Interpretation of dreams, augury, worship of the gods, &c
Indulgence - " Some regard it as indicating that the ascetic treatment of the body is not of any honor to the satisfaction of the flesh (the reasonable demands of the body): this Interpretation is unlikely
Restoration - Gladly as one would read this meaning into them, sober exegesis shows that they will not bear so large an Interpretation
Demoniacs - We are led, therefore, to the ordinary and literal Interpretation of these passages, that there are evil spirits, subjects of the evil one, who, in the days of the Lord himself and his apostles especially, were permitted by (God to exercise a direct influence over the souls and bodies of certain men
Needle - Thus in Baba Meẓia, 38b, in the course of a discussion on dreams and their Interpretation, R
Cleopas - Luke, for he gives a different sequel in Jerusalem) says that the Lord appeared ‘in another form’ (ἐν ἐτέρᾳ μορφῇ, Luke 24:19-24); an Interpretation favoured by Augustine, who compares the effect of the Transfiguration (μετεμορφώθη, Mark 9:2). It is a too rigid Interpretation which regards the breaking of the bread here as a celebration of the Eucharist; rather it was an ordinary meal at which the Stranger, who had so impressed them on the road, was put in the place of honour
Masora - Accordingly they say, that, when God gave the law to Moses at Mount Sinai, he taught him first the true reading of it; and, secondly, its true Interpretation; and that both these were handed down by oral tradition from generation to generation, till at length they were committed to writing. the true reading, is the subject of the masora; the latter, or true Interpretation, that of the mishna and gemera
Daniel the Prophet - ...
This was soon to be put to the proof, for the king having had a remarkable dream, which perhaps he had forgotten, he required the wise men to tell him the dream as well as its Interpretation; or he may have intended it as a test. If by help of the gods they were able to give the true Interpretation, the same gods could enable them to recall the dream
Tongue - , chapters 12 and 14, the use of the gift of "tongues" is mentioned as exercised in the gatherings of local churches; 1 Corinthians 12:10 speaks of the gift in general terms, and couples with it that of "the Interpretation of tongues;" chapt. 14 gives instruction concerning the use of the gift, the paramount object being the edification of the church; unless the "tongue" was interpreted the speaker would speak "not unto men, but unto God," 1 Corinthians 14:2 ; he would edify himself alone, 1 Corinthians 14:4 , unless he interpreted, 1 Corinthians 14:5 , in which case his Interpretation would be of the same value as the superior gift of prophesying, as he would edify the church, 1 Corinthians 14:4-6 ; he must pray that he may interpret, 1 Corinthians 14:13 ; if there were no interpreter, he must keep silence, 1 Corinthians 14:28 , for all things were to be done "unto edifying," 1 Corinthians 14:26
Ecclesiastes - He has a strong faith in God, and that faith gives him his Interpretation of life. ...
Meaning of the book...
The writer’s Interpretation of life is built around two main observations: first, that God is sovereign; second, that God is the Creator
Obadiah - The decision hinges on the Interpretation of verses 10-14, prophesying a destruction of Jerusalem
Cabbalists - They have employed the above methods of Interpretation, which have rendered the Scripture a convenient instrument of subserviency to any purpose which they might choose
Plagues - Since Egypt's magicians duplicated the first two events, the uniqueness of the plagues may rest in their timing, locale, intensity, and theological Interpretation
Beloved Disciple - Church tradition and Interpretation of biblical evidence appear to point to John
Apocalypse - The book is very difficult of Interpretation; at each new crisis its prophecies seem fulfilled, the end seems at hand and yet it does not come
Abdias, Book of - The decision hinges on the Interpretation of verses 10-14, prophesying a destruction of Jerusalem
Abomination of Desolation - It is very difficult, however, to adjust this Interpretation to the expression of Mk. ’ Other Interpretations would be: (1) the threatened erection of the statue of Caligula in the Temple; or (2) the desecration of the Temple area by the Zealots, who during the siege made it a fortress; or (3) the desecration of the Temple by the presence of Titus after its capture by that general. While it is impossible to reach any final choice between these different Interpretations, it seems probable that the reference of Mark 13:14 is prior to the destruction of Jerusalem, because of its insistence that the appearance of the ‘abomination of desolation’ (or the ‘abomination that makes desolate’) is to be taken as a warning for those who are in Judæa to flee to the mountains
Naphtali - The Vulgate reads it, "the sea and the south," and the Hebrew will admit of either Interpretation, that is, the sea of Gennesareth, which was to the south by the inheritance of this tribe
Loose - , Ecclesiastes 8:1 , with the meaning "interpretation
Obadi'ah - The question of his date must depend upon the Interpretation of the 11th verse of his prophecy
Bible, Methods of Study - Again and again, therefore, the importance of actually understanding the word and, even more, of a theological Interpretation had to be emphasized, in order not to get lost in many outward details. There are, however, certain steps in the Interpretation of Biblical texts, following a rather natural sequence, gained from experience. This may also help avoiding a one-sided Interpretation by pointing to a more balanced picture of the Biblical revelation. The final test to an adequate Interpretation of the Bible is whether it leads to gratitude and praise, to service and mission
Ecclesiastes, Theology of - Debate surrounds the Interpretation of Ecclesiastes. ...
While, for these reasons, some Jewish interpreters turned away from Ecclesiastes, others justified its inclusion in the canon by straining its Interpretation. The same Targum stretched the Interpretation of individual passages beyond all reason in order to turn Qohelet/Solomon into a teacher of pure orthodoxy. ...
Early Christian Interpretation took the same basic approach. ...
The issue of the Interpretation of Ecclesiastes continues to the present, with some commentaries arguing for an orthodox Teacher in the book who has a positive view of life. ...
Such a view of the book, however, does not take into account the book's literary structure and treats certain, more negative aspects of the book, as secondary, or, if not, strains at the Interpretation of individual words and passages to make it fit a preconceived idea of the function of the book. ...
It is more in keeping with the book as a whole to understand these passages as they have been taken through much of the history of Interpretation, that is, as a call to enjoy the day (carpe diem )
Apocalypse - This circumstance has surrounded the Interpretation of this book with difficulties, which no interpreter has yet been able fully to overcome
Regeneration - Some regard the kai in Titus 3:5 as epexegetic, "even;" but, as Scripture marks two distinct yet associated operating powers, there is not sufficient ground for this Interpretation
Mind - They must use their minds to pray and sing intelligently (1 Corinthians 14:15; Colossians 3:16; see PRAYER; SINGING), to understand Christian teaching (Proverbs 2:1-5; 1 Corinthians 2:11-13; 2 Timothy 2:7; see Interpretation), to find out God’s will (Romans 12:2; Ephesians 5:17; Colossians 1:9; see GUIDANCE), to preach the gospel effectively (Acts 17:2-4; Acts 19:8-10; see PREACHING), and to teach the Scriptures in a way that builds up the hearers (Colossians 1:28; Titus 1:9; see TEACHER)
Burden - In the Interpretation of the parable, if any stress were laid on this detail, it might be the long and conscientious fulfilment of duty in the Christian life, which, though it must receive recognition in the end, gives no claim on God as one who rewards of debt, nor allows the worker to glory over another who has been less richly furnished with opportunity
Bowl - ’ The subjoined Interpretation of the bowls and their contents as ‘the prayers of the saints’ is probably an editorial gloss suggested by Revelation 8:4 (see Incense)
Apollos - Apollos’ teaching in Corinth may have been marked by allegorical Interpretation, insistence on Divine knowledge, and on the need of living according to nature (see St
Eli Eli Lama Sabachthani - The Holy Ghost hath caused his servants the Evangelists, to give the church the Interpretation: Eli, Eli, lama, are Hebrew; Sabacthani, or Sabadetani, is Syriac
Transfiguration - Still another Interpretation is that the transfiguration is a proleptic glimpse of the glory that awaits Jesus at his resurrection (Luke 24:26 ; Hebrews 2:9 ; 1 Peter 1:21 ). In light of mr 8:38,2 Peter 1:16 the second Interpretation is to be preferred
Descent Into Hades - ...
There is one other Interpretation, which must be mentioned as a possible alternative. We may hope for fresh light on the point from further research, and for the present may rest content with the Interpretation which enables us to quote these passages in 1 Peter
Dreams - Jeremiah 23:25 ; Jeremiah 23:32 ; Jeremiah 27:9 ; Jeremiah 29:8 , Zechariah 10:2 , Ecclesiastes 5:7 ), and it is definitely recognized that the Interpretation of dreams belongs to God, and is not a matter of human codification (cf. But under any circumstances the Interpretation of a dream ‘belongs to God’; the question whether its message is a Divine communication or not must ultimately be answered by an appeal to the religious consciousness, or in other words to the higher reason
Pen'Tateuch, the, - ...
It is not probable that this was written before the three preceding books, because the legislation in Exodus and Leviticus, as being the more formal, is manifestly the earlier whilst Deuteronomy is the spiritual Interpretation and application of the law. But the letter is always before the spirit; the thing before its Interpretation
Parable - This single insight could have saved the history of Interpretation of the parables of Jesus from several key misconceptions. From Jülicher on, based on the Aristotelian Greek idea of parable as "pure comparison" conveying only a single point, there has been a significant school of Interpretation that has regarded all allegorical traits as foreign to the parables of Jesus and has insisted that each parable has only one point. This narrow definition of parable has led interpreters to regard the allegorical Interpretations of parables in the Gospels (e. , Mark 4:14-20 ) as later misinterpretations, even though the earliest written gospels have the highest percentage of allegorical elements, and the latest, the Gospel of Thomas, has the least. A study of the many Interpretations shows a wide range of views of just what that one point must have been. For many parables, such as the prodigal son, limiting the Interpretation to "one point" has proved to be a procrustean bed. " Thus, the allegorical Interpretations of Jesus' parables in the Gospels follow the pattern in the Old Testament, a pattern that is abundantly exemplified in rabbinic literature as well. The Interpretation in each of the Synoptics fits the story perfectly: a person's destiny depends on his or her response to the Word
Introduction, Biblical - Inspiration, the Canon or collection of the sacred books, their text and translations, the laws and history of their Interpretation are properly regarded today as general introductory questions; see also hermeneutics and exegesis
Stephen - He made a long defence ( Acts 7:2-53 ), which is not easy of Interpretation
Biblical Introduction - Inspiration, the Canon or collection of the sacred books, their text and translations, the laws and history of their Interpretation are properly regarded today as general introductory questions; see also hermeneutics and exegesis
Israel, Spiritual - This centers on Interpretation of passages such as Romans 11:25-36 ; 2 Corinthians 3:16 . ...
Such Interpretations seek to understand the mystery of divine election which began with Israel and climaxed in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. The point at which Interpretations differ is the meaning of all Israel. Is spiritual Israel the church, Israel of all generations from Abraham to the end of time, Jews at the end of the ages, or the remnant of believing Jews included in the church or brought into the church in the last days? Many Interpretations have been made
Cherub - On the whole, it seems to be most satisfactory to regard the Interpretation of the symbol to be variable, as is the symbol itself
Cocceians - He maintained that by far the greatest part of the ancient prophesies foretold Christ's ministry and mediation, and the rise, progress, and revolutions of the church, not only under the figure of persons and transactions, but in a literal manner, and by the very sense of the words used in these predictions; and laid it down as a fundamental rule of Interpretation, that the words and phrases of Scripture are to be understood in every sense of which they are susceptible, or, in other words, that they signify in effect every thing that they can possibly signify
Preaching in the Bible - The continuing need for such public Interpretation and instruction led in the faith gave rise to an expository tradition of OT revelation. Stephen's address in Acts 7:1-53 represents the best of the OT tradition, weaving narrative and historical portions of Scripture together with contemporary Interpretation and application to the present situation
Tradition - We are no more bound to accept the fathers' Interpretation (which by the way is the reverse of unanimous; but even suppose it were so) of Scripture, because we accept the New Testament canon on their testimony, than to accept the Jews' Interpretation of the Old Testament because we accept the Old Testament canon on their testimony; if we were, we should be as bound to reject Jesus, with the Jews, as to reject primitive Scripture Christianity with the apostate church
Adonijah - The story of Adonijah (typical of many an Oriental court intrigue) is recorded in 1 Kings 1:1-53 ; 1 Kings 2:1-36 ; as here recounted it permits of more than one Interpretation, for that this passage has been subjected to an ‘editorial’ process can scarcely be doubted, and, in face of the difficulties of Interpretation brought about by this, we are forced to reconstruct the course of events to some extent
Bar-Jesus - ...
A phrase occurs in Acts 13:8 which has caused perplexity: ‘Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by Interpretation). ’ All attempts to explain Elymas as the Interpretation of Bar-Jesus have failed
Revelation, Book of - ...
Interpretation of the book...
The book of Revelation belongs to a category of literature known as apocalyptic. There are countless variations in the Interpretation of the book, both as a whole and in its details. ...
In an attempt to solve the difficulties of the book of Revelation, some people simply choose the scheme of Interpretation that suits them and reject the rest
Tongues Gift of - Nor to the believer was it of real benefit unless there was an Interpretation (1 Corinthians 14:13); and the speaker-with-tongues was counselled to pray for such an Interpretation, as if his utterance per se were of little value. Hence an Interpretation was essential, though this was a gift by itself and was not necessarily exercised by the speaker-with-tongues himself
Capital Punishment - Whether this divine sanction was for all time and places is a matter of biblical Interpretation for today. Has the Lord spoken forever against eating rare meat and for executing killer animals? Is it sound biblical Interpretation if we interpret “by man shall his blood be shed” as a divine command for capital punishment yet consistently ignore the other commands in the context in which it is found?...
How do we explain the Lord's protection of Cain in Genesis 4:15 where a “mark” was placed on him to fend off self-appointed executioners? God's grace spared the original first-degree murderer. Which methods of biblical Interpretation allow us to determine where capital punishment should apply? How do biblical forms of capital punishment relate to modern society? Does Scripture absolutely require capital punishment? In what situation(s) does a government have the right and/or responsibility to carry out capital punishment? Are there scriptural answers to the arguments for and against capital punishment?...
Guy Greenfield...
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Kingdom of God - ...
Various Interpretations Despite the centrality of this expression in Jesus' teachings, there has been a great deal of debate over the years as to exactly what Jesus meant by it. ...
This Interpretation has found few supporters over the years, but it is continually raised. Such teachings as Matthew 5:9 ("Blessed are the peacemakers"); 38-42 ("If someone [2] forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles"); 43-47 ("Love your enemies"); Matthew 26:52 ("all who draw the sword will die by the sword"); Mark 12:13-17 ("Give to Caesar what is Caesar's") simply do not permit such an Interpretation. This, along with the rediscovery of the eschatological element in the teachings of Jesus, brought about the demise of this Interpretation. Like the liberal Interpretation of the nineteenth century, modern attempts to eliminate the eschatological dimensions of Jesus' teachings by seeing them as symbols to which the present reader gives his or her own meaning, are also impossible to accept. ...
It is clear that this Interpretation takes seriously the future dimension of Jesus' sayings concerning the kingdom of God. ...
How should one deal with this apparently contradictory data? Should we decide the issue by majority vote? If so, the "future" Interpretation would win over the "present" one, because there are more examples in its support in the Gospels. , The Kingdom of God in 20th-Century Interpretation
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - Numbers 10:1-10 , however, establishes that terua [ תְּרוּעָה ]'>[11] can mean both "trumpet blast" and that trumpets were sounded at the new moon; the traditional Interpretation of this day as a day on which trumpets were sounded is thus reasonable and should be followed. First, what is the meaning of the goat "for azazel [12]"? Second, what does this ceremony say about the Israelite concept of atonement?...
Several Interpretations of the goat for azazel [12] have been proposed. A common Interpretation is that azazel [12] is a goat-demon of the desert. Those who hold to this Interpretation generally argue that the Israelites sent the goat to azazel [12] to placate the demon. This Interpretation is strained, however, since nowhere else does the Old Testament (or the New Testament) speak of returning sin to Satan as if it were his possession. ...
Another Interpretation is that azazelx is a cliff from which the goat would be thrown. Either Interpretation is possible, but if the goat was simply to be killed in the wilderness one might have expected the text to use more conventional language. ...
A traditional Interpretation, however, that is still worthy of acceptance is azazel [12] is the "scapegoat, " that is, a goat to be sent away. This Interpretation is found in the Vulgate (capro emissario ) and the Septuagint (apopompaio ), and is based on taking azazel [12] as a combination of ez [5]0 ("goat") and azal [17] ("depart"). This Interpretation is in accord with normal Hebrew grammar and azazel [12] need not be taken as the proper name of a demon
Joel - The Interpretation, however, is quite difficult; not in consequence of the language, but of the things expressed
Day of Atonement - According to one Interpretation Paul alluded to the day's ritual by speaking of Christ as a sin offering ( 2 Corinthians 5:21 )
Doctrine - They delivered a body of information that included facts about Christ with Interpretation of their importance
Perdition - We may well leave the problem of a second probation to God, after remarking that it has very slender support in the NT outside of the possible Interpretation of 1 Peter 3:19 f
Millennium - Such an Interpretation obviously does violence to the connexion between the nineteenth and twentieth chapters of Revelation, and gives undue prominence to an expectation which was held by neither Jesus nor St
Analogy of Faith - And the reason was evident, for their great rule of Interpretation was what they might call the analogy of faith; 1: e
Andronicus - This last Interpretation has given rise to one of the difficulties felt in deciding the destination of these salutations. Two Interpretations of this phrase are possible: (a) well-known and honoured by the apostles, (b) notable or distinguished as apostles
Grecia - But the term Greek admits of a larger Interpretation, and applies not only to the inhabitants of Greece Proper, but to those of Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt, over nearly the whole of the former of which countries, and great part of the two latter, Grecian colonies and the Grecian language had extended themselves
Lice - "...
But Josephus, the Jewish rabbins, and most of the modern translators render the Hebrew word at large lice; and Bochart and Bryant support this Interpretation
God - The custom is said to have been founded on a strained Interpretation of ( Leviticus 24:16 ) and the phrase there used, "THE NAME" (Shema ), is substituted by the rabbis for the unutterable word
Sisters - ...
This Interpretation of the words ἀλλʼ οἴδασιν τάντες οἱ υἱοὶ Ἰσρκὴλ ὅτι οὐκ ἔστι μου θυγατηρ (Protev. Though it has been argued that Mary the (wife) of Clopas (Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ) was the sister of the Virgin, it is now generally agreed that the Interpretation of Pesh
First-Born First-Begotten - ’ This Interpretation of Colossians 1:15 is required by the context: ‘the image (εἰκών) of the invisible God … in him were all things created … all things have been created through him, and unto him, and he is before all things, and in him all things consist (cohere). ’ This is also the exegesis of all the earlier Fathers; but, as the Arians used the text to show that our Lord was a creature, several (but not all) of the Nicene and post-Nicene Fathers interpreted it of the Incarnate Christ, while the later Greek Fathers went back to the earlier Interpretation (see the references in Light-foot, p
Pleroma - The obscurity of this statement is removed by the active Interpretation; the supplementary ‘unfulled’ patch takes away from the original garment. ’ According to this Interpretation the main thought is what the Church is to Christ
Holy Spirit, Gifts of - , prophecy, healings, miracles, tongues and their Interpretation) from other less "supernatural" gifts, although one suspects that first-century Christians may have considered all of them supernatural to some extent. Contemporary prophecy, which may range from carefully prepared messages that God has powerfully applied to a Christian's own heart (although not necessarily equivalent to many sermons) to more instantaneous revelations of God's will in particular circumstances, may similarly mix together genuinely divine words with potentially fallible human Interpretations. ...
The nature of the gifts of tongues and their Interpretation must be determined by Paul's own teaching, rather than presupposing that the three instances of tongues-speaking in Acts (2:1-13; 10:46; 19:6) must determine the form of glossolalia in Corinth. That the spiritual gift of tongues requires a subsequent Interpretation at once sets it off from the experience of Pentecost. The gift of tongues then refers to a divinely given utterance, unintelligible to its speaker or to most in that speaker's audience, but which will subsequently be "translated" into an understandable language, either by the original speaker or by another with the gift of Interpretation. If such an Interpretation does not emerge, and as long as there is no reason to believe that someone with the gift of Interpretation has appeared, the original speaker should remain silent (14:27-28). There is a place for tongues in a fully Christian assembly, but as with prophecy, it must remain within strict boundaries: no more than three exercising their gift at any given time and always with an Interpretation (v
Dead Sea Scrolls - Like other Essenes, they believed that by observing their own Interpretation of the Jewish law and by frequent ritual bathing they preserved a faithful remnant
Bibles, Chained - No such malicious Interpretation of the chained Bible was forthcoming so long as Protestants remembered their own chained Bibles
Chained Bibles - No such malicious Interpretation of the chained Bible was forthcoming so long as Protestants remembered their own chained Bibles
Kenosis - The questions involved are not, however, to be solved by the Interpretation of isolated texts, but, so far as they can be solved, by our knowledge of the Incarnate Life as a whole
Mene Mene Tekel Upharsin - It should be noticed that a double Interpretation is apparently given throughout, each of the words having perhaps been read in two ways, and the meanings combined (see art
Kindness - Joseph expected kindness from the cupbearer in return for the Interpretation of a dream (Genesis 40:14 )
Sin Unto Death - Scholer, Current Issues in Biblical and Pastristic Interpretation, pp
Euphrates - Philo has yet another Interpretation (de Somn
Flesh - That Interpretation which causes men to try to turn bread into the physical body of JESUS is utterly false, is an invention of the Devil, and is being used throughout the world to deceive the ungodly
Beast - The uncertainties and difficulties of this position are, however, so serious that it is commonly abandoned in favour of a metaphorical Interpretation, and for these reasons: (a) St
Ear - But how delightful is it to make Interpretation, of what the Jewish servant said respecting the house of his servitude, in allusion to the Lord Jesus in the house of his! who, as the servant of JEHOVAH (for such he fully became, when he became our Surety), might be said thus to express himself, I love my master, I love my wife, my children; I will not go out free
People of God - Jesus is the King but rejected every political Interpretation of His messianic vocation
Genealogy - It remains to be said that just notions of the nature of the Jewish genealogical records are of great importance with a view to the right Interpretation of Scripture
Simeon (1) - Such an Interpretation of Hegesippus's language is very unnatural and at variance with the statement of Epiphanius that Simeon was the cousin—ἀνεψιός—of James the Just (Epiph. By a misinterpretation of the Chronicon of Eusebius which seemed to assign his martyrdom with that of Ignatius to the 9th or 10th year of Trajan Simeon's death has been assigned to 107 or 108
Belshazzar - Daniel refused the honours held out to him; but having with great faithfulness pointedly reproved the monarch for his ingratitude to God who had conferred on him such dignity, and particularly for his profanation of the vessels which were consecrated to his service, he proceeded to the Interpretation of the words which had been written, and still stood visible on the wall. "This is the Interpretation of the thing, Mene, ‘God hath numbered thy kingdom and finished it;' Tekel, ‘thou art weighed in the balances and art found wanting:' Peres, ‘thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians
Servant of the Lord - The most important differences of Interpretation are concerned with four passages, Isaiah 42:1-4 ; Isaiah 49:1-8 ; Isaiah 50:4-9 ; Isaiah 52:13 to Isaiah 53:12 . Unfortunately the Interpretation of the passages is rendered difficult and ambiguous by the state of the text; that the text is to some extent corrupt, especially in Isaiah 52:13 to Isaiah 49:1-6 , is now generally admitted; but as to the exact extent, and the nature of the corruption, differences of judgment prevail. No consistent Interpretation of ‘the servant of Jahweh’ given in these four passages is possible on the basis of the present text; for in Isaiah 49:3 the servant is identified with the nation, but in Isaiah 53:8 he is distinguished from the nation, for ‘my people’ (if the text be sound) cannot be made to mean anything but Israel except by very forced exegesis. In Isaiah 53:12 the servant addresses the nations of the world, and the function of the servant, which on some Interpretations (see above) alone is mentioned, and on any Interpretation alone receives prominence , is that of spiritually illumining the nations; in Isaiah 52:13-15 Jahweh states that, as the past humiliation of the servant by its very extent attracted far-spread attention, so his coming exaltation will impress nations and kings. ...
It is impossible even to indicate here all the difficulties that beset, or the points that favour, the several theories of Interpretation. The case for interpreting the servant in some passages as an individual has not been fully re-stated in English over against the recent thorough arguments for other Interpretations; the student may best turn to Delitzsch’s Com
Oaths - ...
These last words have received different Interpretations. ...
Before proceeding to discuss the conclusion to be drawn from the passage, we must note an Interpretation of Matthew 5:34-36 which has gained considerable acceptance, but which puts quite a different meaning upon Christ’s prohibition in Matthew 5:34 from what we have given above. But on the present Interpretation Christ sets over against the commandment against perjury in the name of God a prohibition merely of frivolous swearing, and that of a kind which does not mention the name of God at all, which is somewhat of an anti-climax. It is true, as the supporters of this Interpretation point out, that Christ does not expressly mention the oath by the name of God in the instances He adduces. ) remarks, this is open to a twofold objection—first, that in such a case the evil in question rests with him who requires the oath, whereas all the stress of the prohibition is directed against taking oaths; and, second, that on this Interpretation the fulfilment of our Lord’s command would be deferred to the realization of that ideal state in which no evil exists, in which case the present command would stand on a different footing from the others of the Sermon on the Mount, which plainly apply to a world in which evil is prevalent. For this reason we accept the other Interpretation of the words given above—that whatever goes beyond the plain affirmation and negation cometh of evil, in the sense that behind it is the tacit assumption that, when our word is not confirmed by an oath, we are not bound to adhere strictly to the truth
History - God's work is not left to mere human discernment but is entrusted to inspired prophetic Interpretation. The inspired oral or written Interpretation of history ensures the revelatory quality of God's enacted history. ...
Hints for Historical Interpretation (1) Language, historical language included, is multi-purposeful. God's greatest revelation, Jesus, is the guide to Interpretation
History - God's work is not left to mere human discernment but is entrusted to inspired prophetic Interpretation. The inspired oral or written Interpretation of history ensures the revelatory quality of God's enacted history. ...
Hints for Historical Interpretation (1) Language, historical language included, is multi-purposeful. God's greatest revelation, Jesus, is the guide to Interpretation
Daniel - In addition to his wisdom, he was skilled in dream Interpretation
New Platonics - He maintained that the great principles of all philosophical and religious truth were to be found equally in all sects, and that they differed from each other only in their method of expressing them, in some opinions of little or no importance; and that by a proper Interpretation of their respective sentiments they might easily be united in one body
Searching - But there was a ‘veil upon the faces’ of the Jews (2 Corinthians 3:15), because they did not look behind a private or traditional Interpretation
Issachar - ’ This would harmonize with the Interpretation ‘hired man’ or ‘labourer
Procession of the Holy Ghost - " If his mission and proceeding were the same thing, there would be a tautology in the words, his mission, according to that Interpretation, being mentioned twice in the same verse
Anthropomorphitae - He started from a literal Interpretation of Gen_1:28 and reasoned from the nature of man to the nature of God Whose image he was (Epiphanius Haer
Shiloh (1) - The Messianic Interpretation is evaded by translated "until he (Judah) shall come to Shiloh," Judah leading in the march (Numbers 2:3-9; Numbers 10:14); and when Israel came to Shiloh they pitched the tabernacle there (Joshua 18:1-10), and Judah's principality ceased
Interpreter - For beside this Interpretation given by the Malats to Joseph, it is plain, that Joseph and his brethren conversed together without the medium of an interpreter, as we read in the twenty-fourth verse: for there it is said, "that he turned himself about from them and wept; and returned to them again and communed with them
Chromatius, Bishop of Aquileia - ...
We have under his name 18 homilies on "the Sermon on the Mount," commencing with a Tractatus Singularis de Octo Beatitudinibus, followed by 17 fragments of expositions on c His Interpretation is literal, not allegorical, and his reflections moral rather than spiritual
Claudius, the Emperor - The explanation turns upon the Interpretation of the words "impulsore Chresto
Destructionists - But the capital argument is, that it is unscriptural:— "Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched," is, like many others, a declaration to which no dexterity of Interpretation can give any other good sense, than the continuance of conscious punishment
Pilate Pontius - The context is a prayer of the early believers on the release of Peter and John from prison, which proceeds upon a Messianic Interpretation of Psalms 2 and its application to the death of Christ
Conquest of Canaan - The previous description of the nature of the conquest and settlement presents a traditional, harmonizing approach to the Interpretation of the biblical material. This Interpretation of the conquest diverges from the biblical record in its claim that the bulk of the population of Israel was made up of former Canaanite peasants
Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit - ...
Consequently, when we come to the text of the Synoptic Gospels there is a history of Interpretation and applications that prohibit anyone (Leviticus 24:15-16 ; includes the sojourner ) from denouncing the God of Israel, repudiating his claims, and insulting his honor. ...
What are the specific symptoms of this sin? There have been many suggestions in the history of Interpretation, including breaking the third commandment (Exodus 20:7 ; taking the Lord's name in vain ) or the seventh commandment (Exodus 20:14 ; adultery cf
Melchizedek - -The writer need not be conceived as going back through Psalms 110:4 to the original tradition in Genesis 14 and working upon it independently; for there is sufficient reason to believe that the narrative had for a couple of centuries engaged the attention of some of the religious leaders of the people, and in the Interpretation an interesting development may be traced. On the other hand, the Jewish writers adopt an Interpretation of their own, either through dislike of the teaching in Hebrews, or in substitution for its application to John Hyrcanus, which had been discredited by the collapse of his influence before the end of his reign
Prophet - The larger sense of Interpretation has not, however, been lost. Their chief subject of study was, no doubt, the law and its Interpretation; oral, as distinct from symbolical, teaching being thenceforward tacitly transferred from the priestly to the prophetic order
Parable - In each of these, except the Wicked Husbandmen, an allegorical Interpretation is expressly added, while in this latter the setting, the comments, as well as the character of the narration, suggest an allegory. 10, following the first Interpretation (John 10:7-10) comes a second (John 10:11-16), which seems to presuppose a closely related but really different allegory. Or we can regard these last verses as a new allegory with continuous Interpretation. It seems, nevertheless, more correct to class them as allegories than to call them parables with an allegorical Interpretation, or collections of related metaphors. ...
In addition to these passages there are numerous others where little doubt can exist that the Evangelists understood some details allegorically, for they suggest, even if they do not give, such an Interpretation. They have given, it is true, few allegorical Interpretations, and have not often indicated that they felt such treatment necessary, but this is only because their practice is not in accord with their theory. , Luke 8:9-10), they think of parables as always veiling a hidden meaning, one hard to be understood and intelligible to the disciples themselves only after Interpretation
Testament - ’ An indication of the difficulty involved in its Interpretation is given in the marginal note: ‘The Greek word here used signifies both covenant and testament
Divination - Although natural phenomena may communicate God's will, their Interpretation must be scrutinized and may be helped by the verbal
Jude, the Book of - ...
Jude, by use of a creative Interpretation of Old Testament examples (some found in noncanonical sources), responds with two sets of three exhortations
Olives, Mount of - Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 11:23 ) and Zechariah ( Zechariah 14:4 ) make it the scene of ideal theophanies: the literal Interpretation of the latter prophecy has given rise to many curious and unprofitable speculations
Tiberias - The Masorah body of traditions, which transmitted the Old Testament text readings and preserved the Hebrew pronunciation and Interpretation, originated there
Har-Magedon - texts and very different Interpretations of its meaning, but if Ἅρ Μαγεδών is accepted as the correct form, the most satisfactory explanation is that which takes it to mean ‘the mount of Megiddo’ (Ἅρ = Heb. The chief objections offered to this Interpretation are that a mountain is an unsuitable battlefield, and that the historical battles are described as taking place ‘by the waters of Megiddo’ (Judges 5:19) or ‘in the valley of Megiddo’ (2 Chronicles 35:22)
Gate - The most reasonable Interpretation is that the πυλῶνες go together with the Temple buildings outside the city (Lystra), being near the point where sacrifice was wont to be made
Arnobius, Junior - Alexander was a Jansenist; and anti-Jansenist writers, such as the Bollandists, might maintain that the majority were capable of an orthodox Interpretation
Dominion - Bennett inclines to this Interpretation in Jude and regards it as included also in 2 Peter, where he gives the general principle of the argument thus: when good angels withstand dignities, i
Annas - Their attitude towards Jesus and the apostles as revealed in the NT seems to bear out this Interpretation
Renaissance - , to the writings of Saint Paul, and Saint Augustine and other Fathers, and resulted in a rationalistic and free Interpretation of the Bible
Dinah - ...
The story, like many others, introduced as episodes in the family history of Jacob, should probably receive a tribal Interpretation
Daniel - As at the beginning of the covenant people's history their kinsman Joseph, so toward its close Daniel, by the Interpretation of dreams (Daniel 2; Daniel 4), was promoted to high place in the court of their pagan masters. His Interpretation of the mystical handwriting on the wall caused his promotion again, a promotion which continued under Darius and Cyrus. The king also, regarding him as divine (Daniel 2:46), forbore to summon him to worship the image, the self-deifying formation and setting up of which Daniel's own Interpretation probably had suggested unintentionally to Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2:37-39)
Possession - Accordingly, He avoids the extreme and exaggerated demonology into which an unduly extended animistic Interpretation of the universe was leading His contemporaries, but does not reject or question the Interpretation itself. In the asylums and hospitals, moreover, are cases of mental or nervous disease, not entirely explicable by physical law, but looking exceedingly like what cases of possession may be supposed to be; just as in social and civil life men are sometimes met with whose viciousness defies any other Interpretation than that an, or the, evil spirit has secured the mastery over them
Back to Christ - What we have in dogma is not a portrait of the historical Jesus in the religious and ethical traits of His character, but a speculative construction of His Person; not an account of His historical ministry, but a doctrinal Interpretation of it. The historical life has occupied only a secondary place, its significance being found mainly in the basis it supplies for this construction or Interpretation. The traditional doctrines receive a reinterpretation and a fresh grounding in the light of the fuller knowledge of, and keener feeling for, the Christ of history. In the words of the most distinguished representative of the Christo-centric movement in this country, ‘We cannot conceive and describe the supreme historical Person without coming face to face with the profoundest of all the problems in theology; but then we may come to them from an entirely changed point of view, through the Person that has to be interpreted rather than through the Interpretations of His Person. The Person and work constitute the facts; the doctrines supply their explanation or Interpretation. Apart from the doctrinal Interpretation the facts might still retain a certain ethico-religious significance, but they would lose their highest, their essential, meaning. It is the Interpretation or construction that is the essential thing in Christianity. The gospel is not given with the character, teaching, and ministry of Christ, in their direct appeal to the heart and conscience; only the doctrinal Interpretation of these facts—that the pre-existent Son of God assumed human nature, lived among men, and atoned by His death for their sin—has a right to the name. These writers are only the channel by which the Interpretation has reached us, not its source. What is it in Christ that gives Him His so momentous significance? The answer which Ritschlianism gives to this question involves a new Interpretation of the great Christian ideas,—Revelation, Gospel, Doctrine, Faith,—only it is claimed that this Interpretation is nothing more than a carrying out of the fundamental principles of the Reformation
Atonement - To what extent can we find the more elaborate Pauline doctrine, which we shall find elsewhere in his writings, presented in such fragments of the teaching of the first Christians as we possess? How far is the apostolic Interpretation of Christ’s death sustained by appeal to the experience and teaching of Jesus Himself? By what means had the swift transition been made by the apostolic teachers themselves from the state of mind concerning the death of Jesus which is presented in the Synoptic Gospels to the beliefs exhibited in their preaching in the Acts? How was the unconcealed dismay of a bewildering disappointment changed into a glorying? It is clear from the contents of the Synoptic Gospels that, whatever the confusion and distress in the minds of His disciples which immediately followed the death of Christ, they were already in possession of memories of His teaching which lay comparatively dormant until they were awakened into vigorous activity by subsequent events and experiences; these, together with the facts of their Lord’s life and the incidents of His death, may be spoken of as the sources of the apostolic doctrine of the atonement, as to its substance. -Briefly summarized these are: (1) The intense and consistent ethical Interpretation that Jesus gave to the Kingdom He came to establish, and to the conception of the salvation He taught and promised as the sign of its establishment in the individual soul and in the social order. To the fullness of His ministry the Apostolic Church owed the Interpretation of the cross, the inspiration of its preaching, the construction of its doctrine, and especially the moral and spiritual results in the life of the individual and of the community which were the living verification of its power, and also the justification of the moral grounds on which the declaration and experience of remission of sins were based. -(4) The close connexion of Christ who ‘suffered for you, leaving you an example, that ye should follow his steps, and its ethical appeal, with the clear Interpretation of the Passion as a sin-bearing, ‘who his own self bare our sins in his body upon the tree’ (1 Peter 2:24), and its profound moral issues, ‘that we having died unto sins, might live unto righteousness; by whose stripes ye were healed’-shows how intimately what are termed the objective and subjective conceptions of the atonement are associated in the writer’s thought; the end is moral and dominates the means, but the means are clearly substitutionary, to the extent that the obligations to righteousness involved in ‘our sins’ are assumed by the sinless Lamb of God. Paul we find for the first time a philosophy of the death of Christ in relation to the forgiveness of sins, which is ultimately based upon an analysis of the Divine attributes and their place in the Interpretation of the doctrine of the cross. Paul’s method of setting out his Interpretation of the death of Christ in his discourses; how he was accustomed to place it in relation to forgiveness of sin in his earliest preaching does not definitely appear. But the fact that he made the cross supreme when it was regarded as a direct antagonism and provocative by those he sought to win-a scandal to Jews and foolishness to the Gentiles-implies that it was associated with an Interpretation that made it something different from a martyrdom. Such a martyrdom neither Jew nor Greek would have regarded with the scorn they exhibited for the Interpretation St
Flood, the - Three major positions are taken: (1) the traditional, which asserts the universal, worldwide, nature of the deluge; (2) limited flood theories, which narrow the scope of the flood story to a particular geographical location in Mesopotamia; and (3) nonliteral (symbolic) Interpretation, which suggests that the flood story is a nonhistorical account written to teach theological truth. Against the third Interpretation, we have already discussed the historical nature of the flood. Only the traditional universalist understanding does full justice to all the biblical data, and this Interpretation is crucial for flood theology in Genesis and for the theological implications drawn by later biblical writers. Lewis, A Study of the Interpretation of Noah and the Flood in Jewish and Christian Literature ; B
Lord's Supper (ii) - ...
The Interpretations of the discourse which need be mentioned are the following: (1) that there is no connexion with the Holy Communion, but the feeding on Christ referred to is simply acceptance of His teaching or faith in His work, a view which obviously fails to allow for the distinctive character of the phraseology; (2) that the primary and special reference is to the Holy Communion, the Interpretation which best satisfies all the conditions; (3) that the teaching, while not excluding the Holy Communion, is rather to the general verity of spiritual communion with our Lord than specifically to the Holy Communion, a view which, though it may be expressed so as to come very near the Interpretation here accepted, does not account for the peculiar phrases used in the discourse and their remarkable likeness to, and explanation by, the words used in the Institution of the Eucharist. ’ The Interpretation of these words is concerned with two subjects:—...
(a) The meaning of ‘This is my body. The Interpretation of the sentence then depends on the sense in which the word ‘body’ is to be understood. The same method of exegesis involves a similar Interpretation of the words ‘In my blood,’ though, in view of the spiritual nature of the risen body, it is impossible to make a sharp severance between the body and the blood. ...
That this line of exegesis, which is that which is naturally deduced from the study of the Holy Scripture by itself, is right is strongly confirmed by the traditional Interpretation in the Church from St. ...
Other Interpretations are (1) that the words ‘this is my body’ mean, ‘This conveys the efficacy of my body but is not my body’; (2) that they mean, ‘This represents my body but is not my body. ’ Both of these Interpretations are vitally distinguished from that which has here been adopted, namely, ‘This not only represents my body and conveys its efficacy, but also is my body. ’ The Interpretation of these sentences turns on three words: (i
Ransom - Mark 8:37), where both פָּדָה and גָּאַל occur, may furnish the best Interpretation of λύτρον in the mind of Christ (cf. Consequently the apostolic Interpretation will lie within that circle of ideas which carry the implication that life in the higher sense may be lost, and that man has no means of buying it back
Good - 40:16, where ṭôb means “favorable” or “in one’s favor”: “When the chief baker saw that the Interpretation was good, he said unto Joseph. Often this judgment does not mean that the thing is actually “good,” only that it is so evaluated: “When the chief baker saw that the Interpretation was good …” ( Angels of the Seven Churches - The fact that in the Apocalypse these ‘angels’ are to such a degree the recipients of praise and blame would seem to put both these simple Interpretations out of court. It ought to be pointed out that this theory is as old as Jerome, who in his commentary on 1 Timothy 3:2 adopts a similar Interpretation; and Socrates (HE Philosophy - The teachers of these schools, who, for the two generations preceding the time of Christ, had maintained some acquaintance with the Greek philosophy, were not satisfied with a simple Interpretation of the Hebrew idiom, as it stood, but shaped the Interpretation so as to render it conformable to their philosophy
Heaven - Some of the ancients imagined that the habitation of good men, after the resurrection, would be the sun; grounding this fanciful opinion on a mistaken Interpretation of Psalms 19:4 , which they rendered, with the LXX and Vulgate, "He has set his tabernacle in the sun. The passages of Scripture, however, on which he grounds his hypothesis, are capable of another and very different Interpretation
Ten Commandments - Interpretation of the Decalogue . ’ Neither Interpretation would necessarily exclude the belief that other gods were suitable objects of worship for other peoples (cf. ’ The latter seems to be the current Jewish Interpretation (see Matthew 5:33 )
Sermon on the Mount - The study of its Interpretations is the history of the development of theology. Luke's parallel, the Sermon on the Plain (6:17-49), with its 33 verses compared to Matthew's 107 or 109, does not match its detail, organization, complexity of Interpretation, and unequivocal demands. ...
The dating of the Gospel affects the sermon's Interpretation and its place of origin. Such common oriental paradoxical exaggeration, rarely taken literally even by absolutist Interpretations, requiring total commitment to the kingdom might escape or offend converts from a non-Jewish background. Differing Interpretations have not robbed the Sermon on the Mount of its continued influence. Kissenger, The Sermon on the Mount: A History of Interpretation and Bibliography ; I
Song of Solomon - that refer to the union of Christ and the church are referred to as bearing out this Interpretation. The song is prophetic, but does not reach to Christ and the church, though, when its right Interpretation is seen, the Christian can apply some of its language as his own to the same Lord, who will also be manifested as the Bridegroom of the church. As said above, the Interpretation of the book is that it embraces the union of Christ and the Jewish remnant in a future day
Lives of Christ - While the Interpretation of Our Lord's words is orthodox, it is frequently too subjective
Day of the Lord - ...
Whichever Interpretation one makes of specific details, the day of the Lord points to the promise that God's eternal sovereignty over all creation and all nations will one day become crystal clear to all creatures
Doubt, Doubtful, Doubting - The Interpretation "do not exalt yourselves" is not in keeping with the context
Blasphemy - Under the influence of this Interpretation, the personal name of God (Yahweh) was withdrawn from ordinary speech and the title of Adonai (Lord) was used in its place
Rapture Ecstasy - Whatever the gift of tongues implied in the early Church, it certainly included the power of rapt and ecstatic utterance, sometimes incoherent and requiring Interpretation (1 Corinthians 14)
Shadow - The Interpretation of Calvin, that ‘shadow’ means the sketch of which Christianity is the finished picture, is unlikely when the occurrence and significance of the term in Hebrews are taken into consideration
Games (2) - The ethical questions must be decided by an appeal to the Interpretation of life in the Gospels, and especially to the estimate given by Jesus of the true relations between body and spirit
Self-Suppression - In the history of Christianity both these conceptions have been adopted, and each has been regarded as the true Interpretation of the spirit of the Lord
Debt - It must be admitted, however, that apart from a priori considerations the obvious Interpretation is a total remission of debts (so the older, and Jewish commentators)
Dorcas - It is given as a translation of the Aramaic proper name Tabitha (‘Tabitha which is by Interpretation Dorcas,’ Acts 9:35)
Angel - The only true Interpretation of this phrase is the one which makes the angels the rulers and teachers of the congregation, so called because they were the ambassadors of God to the churches, and on them devolved the pastoral care and government
Creation - According to this Interpretation, Genesis 1:2 describes the state of the earth at the close of the last revolution it experienced, preparatory to God's fitting it up for the abode of man as described in the verses following
Parable - In interpreting parables note-- (1) The analogies must be real, not arbitrary; (2) The parables are to be considered as parts of a whole, and the Interpretation of one is not to override or encroach upon the lessons taught by others; (3) The direct teaching of Christ presents the standard to which all our Interpretations are to be referred, and by which they are to be measured
Exodus, the, - Which date is right depends chiefly on the Interpretation of the Scripture period of 430 years, as denoting the duration of the bondage of the Israelites
Theodorus, Bishop of Mopsuestia - During this period doubtless the foundations were laid of Theodore's acquaintance with Holy Scripture and ecclesiastical doctrine, and he was imbued for life with the principles of scriptural Interpretation which Diodore had inherited from an earlier generation of Antiochenes, and with the peculiar views of the Person of Christ into which the master had been led by his antagonism to Apollinarius. The orthodox at Antioch, it seems, resented the loss of the traditional Messianic Interpretation, and, if we may trust Hesychius, Theodore was compelled to promise that he would commit his maiden work to the flames—an engagement he contrived to evade (Mansi, ix. Among the Nestorians of Persia the writings of Theodore were regarded as the standard both of doctrine and of Interpretation, and the Persian church returned the censures of the orthodox by pronouncing an anathema on all who opposed or rejected them (cf. It was from no particular interest in Theodore's doctrine or method of Interpretation that the African bishops espoused his cause. Ambrose, the work of Theodore passed from Africa into the monastic libraries of the West, was copied into the compilations of Rabanus Maurus and others, and in its fuller and its abridged form supplied the Middle Ages with an accepted Interpretation of an important part of Holy Scripture. Photius, criticizing the style of this work in words more or less applicable to all the remains of Theodore, notices the writer's opposition to the allegorical method of Interpretation. His zeal for the historical method of Interpretation led him to deny the application to Christ of all but 3 or 4 of the Psalms usually regarded as Messianic. But it gives us the substance of Theodore's Interpretation of St
Mediation Mediator - It is embedded in the primitive Christian tradition too deeply to be a mere theological Interpretation of the apostles, read back into the thought of Christ (see J. This address at Pentecost, as reported by Luke, is the first formal Interpretation on the part of the disciples of the significance of the work of Christ. The nearest statement to the later Interpretation of redemption on the basis of the death of Christ comes in Acts 3:18 ff. There is thus no doubt as to the immediate Interpretation of the Risen Christ as Lord and Saviour from sin
Mark, Theology of - ...
Jesus' use of the title "Son of Man" is the clearest indication in Mark of a radical reinterpretation of the Old Testament eschatological promises. Jesus reveals himself as the Son of Man to counter the false messianic Interpretations of the Pharisees, to prepare his disciples for how he will ransom many, and to show the faithful how they can rightly follow him. "...
The narrative Interpretation of what it means to be the Son of God is contained in those stories where the authority of Jesus as a teacher evokes the amazement of the crowd or the anger and unbelief of the religious authorities. ...
The frequent use of the title "Son of Man" with its narrative Interpretations indicates its singular significance for Mark's Christology. Salvation is defined by the responses of Jesus' audiences to his miracles, sayings, and parables within a variety of settings between these two events, and Jesus' Interpretation of his actions. It also gives evidence of the same tension present in the christological paradox (Jesus is both the Son of God and man), and in the Interpretation of salvation as life coming from death. The references in Mark to a return and its results, outside of an explicit eschatological context, may be taken as either an Interpretation of events related to Jesus' resurrection, or the end of the age
Golden Rule - ...
The Interpretation of the Golden Rule is little, if at all, affected by the connexion of thought. Another Interpretation which preserves the unity of the Sermon on the Mount is that our Lord followed His encouragement to prayer by the reminder that if prayer is to be heard there must be a good life (Chrysostom). ’ The narrow Interpretation is not only false to the spirit, but also to the letter. ’ A baldly literal Interpretation would miss the beauty of St
Lord (2) - (The same necessity of Interpretation accounts for the phrase ‘Christ, a king’ (Luke 23:2), in the accusation made before Pilate. ’ Without the addition of the Interpretation, Cornelius might have regarded it as part of the name of Jesus. If the Interpretation was given by Peter when speaking to Cornelius, it provides an interesting illustration of the way in which the first preachers of Christianity adapted themselves to the new conditions in which they found themselves, when they began to preach to Gentiles. ’ The Interpretation of ‘Christ’ as ‘Lord’ enables us to understand that the essential idea of the first term is that of Sovereignty or Lordship
Apocalyptic - The usual pattern, both in Daniel and in the extrabiblical apocalypses, is that a vision is followed by an explanation of the symbolism (Daniel 7:15-27 ; Zechariah 1:7-21 ), rather like the instances in which a parable of Jesus is followed by an Interpretation (Matthew 13:24-30,36-43 ; Mark 4:1-20 ). In most cases the visions are just related, so that the reader is challenged to provide the Interpretation, as in the case of the majority of Jesus' parables. " Right Interpretation demands spiritual capacity and insight
Ransom (2) - ), has a different Interpretation. This Interpretation fails, if account be taken of the redeeming efficacy which Jesus in other places (as in the words at the Last Supper) undeniably attributes to His death (see Redemption). The Interpretation cannot be accepted; neither is it explained how the death of Jesus should effect such a result
Versions of the Scripture, Ancient - Not having, however, any Latin Interpretation, it was not readily available to Editors of the Greek Testament, though some of its readings were furnished to Mill, Griesbach, and Scholz. ...
The first printed edition appeared, in 1716, at Oxford, but badly collated from various MSS by Wilkins, with a Latin Interpretation. Except in one passage (Philippians 2:6 ) it is not apparent that the Arian heresy influenced Ulphilas in his translation: the Arians maintained their creed more by Interpretation
Vicarious Sacrifice - (2) The fact that Christ’s work is set forth both by Himself and the Apostles in metaphors and symbols which cannot be given a close logical Interpretation. (7) The difficulty of freeing ourselves of a priori ideas in our Interpretations of Scripture, dogmatic conceptions having been planted in our minds in childhood, and become a part of the religious atmosphere in which we move. ’ The correct Interpretation of this passage is most important, for it is much emphasized by those who seek to find in Jesus’ teaching an expiatory reference. ...
The passage has had various Interpretations. If an exact Interpretation were required, we should have to know the Aramaic word of which λύτρον is the translation. In this case ἀντί, of which much is made, would not signify ‘in place of’ and establish a thought of substitution, but ‘for,’ and the passage would mean that Jesus would give His life for the freeing or saving of many—an Interpretation which would fit in with the context much better than if λύτρον is taken as the equivalent of kôpher. That the thought of a vicarious satisfaction offered to God is not intended, is rendered clear by the fact that such an Interpretation would contradict the whole tendency of the teachings of Jesus, who constantly emphasized the free grace of God as ready to forgive every repentant sinner. The Johannine use of τιθέναι favours this Interpretation, as does the relation of this passage to the counsel how men should give themselves to one another’s good. The passage simply means the complete consecration of His life to His work with all that it involved, but it does not give any special Interpretation of His death
Magi - That dreams guided the Magi at one point of their adventure is expressly stated ( Matthew 2:12 ); and it is fair to postulate similar direction in the initial Interpretation of the star. When in Matthew 18:10 Jesus declares that the angels of the little ones are in heaven nearest to the Throne, the easiest Interpretation is that which recognizes these angels as a part of the personality, dwelling in heaven, but sharing the fortunes of the counterpart on earth
Waterpot - —‘The symbolical Interpretation of Scripture must not be hastily set aside because it has been often disfigured by unlicensed fancies’ (Westcott, Char. A symbolical Interpretation may also be quite consistently held by those who maintain the traditional view
Gods - ...
Jesus in this place seems to adopt the Interpretation of this Psalm which is given by the Targum, and which applies the title ‘gods’ to the earthly judges acting in their capacity as representatives of God. For this reason it was, according to this Interpretation, that the Psalm says, ‘they shall die like men’ (כְּאָרָם v
Only- Begotten - ...
The above is the universal Interpretation of the title by the Fathers from at least the time of Nicaea onwards, though other views were held in certain heretical circles. But was it the earliest Interpretation? It is certainly the fact that μονογενής was not much used by the writers of the first three quarters of the 2nd cent. ...
Other Interpretations of ‘Only-begotten’ make it equivalent to ‘begotten by one alone,’ as Eunomius asserted (Basil, c
Pantaenus, of Alexandria - 15), twice cites Pantaenus as one authority for an Interpretation according to which Christ and his church are foreshewn in the history of the creation of Paradise (I. Lyons, 1677), the true inference from these references apparently being that Pantaenus led the way in that method of spiritual or mystical Interpretation of O
Phylacteries - Under the more legal and formal Interpretation and observance of the OT which flourished after the Return, the literal Interpretation became dominant
Dead Sea Scrolls - These consist primarily of rules, poetical and liturgical books, and books of biblical Interpretation. Hebrews 13:15 ), and an Interpretation of the cornerstone of Isaiah 28:16 (cf. The meaning of these mysteries was hidden until God revealed them to the Teacher of Righteousness and some of his followers; hence the need for Interpretation. One approach to such Interpretation was the production of continuous commentaries on the following Old Testament books: Habakkuk, Micah, Psalms, Isaiah, Hosea, Nahum, and Zephaniah. One noteworthy example is the Interpretation of Habakkuk 2:4 ("The righteous shall live by faith"), which was so important for Paul's understanding of justification by faith in Christ ( Romans 1:17 ; Galatians 3:11 ): the commentator views the righteous as those who are characterized by obedience to the Law and faithfulness to (the teachings of) the Teacher of Righteousness. 4QTestimonia (4QTestim) seems to be an anthology of messianic texts; 4QFlorilegium (4QFlor) is an amalgam of eschatological texts and Interpretations. By contrast, Melchizedek (11QMelch), a collection of Old Testament texts and Interpretations centering around the mysterious Old Testament person of the same name (cf
Old Testament - Their assigning the Interpretation to the targumist, as distinguished from the transcriber, secured the text from the conjectural interpolations otherwise to be apprehended. Interpretation. 1105), Aben Ezra (1167), Kimchi (1240), and especially Nicholas of Lyre (1341, in his Postillae Perpetuae) set the example of literal Interpretation. ...
As Christ and His apostles in the New Testament interpreted many parts and facts of the Old Testament, so we must interpret other parts and facts of the Old Testament which they have left uninterpreted, on analogous principles of Interpretation. ...
The literal Interpretation is quite consistent with recognizing metonymies, as "mouth" substituted for "word," the cause put for the effect; metaphors, as "hardness" said of the heart; parabolic images (Isaiah 5:1-7; Judges 9:8-15, where the history can be discerned only by recognizing the allegory); personifications; anthropomorphisms, or human conceptions as the "hand," "fingers," "wrath," etc
Inspiration And Revelation - And the Interpretation is supplied by the inspired man who speaks and writes, who seizes on the secret and then publishes it to the world. But if that revelation had remained alone without comment and Interpretation, it would have passed unregarded, or at least imperfectly realized and understood. -We have seen that there are two distinct modes of revelation, which may be called primary and secondary, or objective and subjective: the one a series of facts, the other embodying the Interpretation of those facts. Inspiration corresponds to the second of these modes; it has to do with Interpretation; it is the process by which God has made known His nature, His will, and His purpose in regard to man. But there is some difference in the way in which inspiration works, according as it is (a) intermediate between the series of facts and the Interpretation, dependent upon the facts and coextensive with them, or (b) as it were, a new beginning in itself-what might be called a direct communication from God. In the one case a preparation had to be made, the first advances had to be taken and the foundation laid; in the other case the foundation was already laid, and the chief task which remained for the Christian teacher was one of Interpretation
Resurrection - The history of the Interpretation of St. Paul’s view of the resurrection which can be traced out in process of development and which is due to his Interpretation of what he accepted as the historical fact of the resurrection of Christ. Paul’s Interpretation of Christ’s resurrection, we have first of all several passages which do not call for special discussion proving the Apostle’s belief in the resurrection of Christ as a historical occurrence. Paul’s Interpretation of the fact in so far as it bears on his view of the resurrection of believers or of a general resurrection. ’...
These factors in the Interpretation of the Resurrection need to be considered in order to understand the extension of the principle to believers. ...
The tendency of this double working of the Interpretation of the death and resurrection of Christ was to disturb the outline of the old eschatology
Immanuel - The natural Interpretation to put on the prophecy is that a young woman, either married at the time or soon to be married, would give birth to a son and call him by this name. It is therefore desirable to narrow the range of possible Interpretation as much as possible. The traditional Interpretation has, of course, thrown the stress on the first of these; for it the sign lay in the virgin-conception. But when the true sense of עַלִמָה is understood, this Interpretation becomes impossible. This is not the place to examine the subject either of the Virgin-conception of Christ or of the early Christian Interpretation of prophecy. It is quite plain that this Interpretation was in general very little controlled by the original sense of the OT passage quoted
Star of the Magi - The difficulty connected with all these Interpretations is due to the necessity that has been felt for giving a literal Interpretation to the account that ‘the star … went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was
Vision - It may be said that the evolution of the prophet in the OT involves a change from the state of rapture or ecstasy to that of ethical Interpretation
Wedding Garment - ...
It may be said that this Interpretation explains the substantive but not the adjective, that we have a meaning for ‘garment’ but not for ‘wedding garment
Levites - Although it is possible that the role of the Levites changed or that the distinction between the priests and Levites was not maintained in each period with equal strictness, the Interpretation which maintains a general distinction between the priests and Levites seem to fit most texts
Element - It should be noticed that both these Interpretations of the texts in Gal. But the last-mentioned Interpretation seems to command widest acceptance, and to accord best with the gospel and teaching of St
Gaza - (l) If the former Interpretation, which is the ordinary one, is right, the tract which the road traversed was ‘desert’ only in a qualified sense, for the writer expressly states that in passing through it Philip came upon water, in which he baptized the eunuch
Loans - The difficulty, in part one of textual reading, but mainly of Interpretation, finds adequate representation in ‘hoping for nothing again’ (Authorized Version ), ‘never despairing’ (Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ), ‘despairing of no man’ ((Revised Version margin) )
Sinners - He bade men strive after attaining this ideal, which was the embodiment of love, and He sought to set them free from the Rabbinical Interpretation of the Law
Deliverer - The passage in Romans 11:26 (ὁ ῥυόμενος) is a quotation from Isaiah 59:20 and is given the Messianic Interpretation
Dream - translation , The Interpretation of Dreams, 1913)
Drunkenness (2) - ’ It bases this opinion on an arbitrary and erroneous Interpretation of Numbers 6:20 (see Jewish Encyc
False Witness - The Sadducees were less severe than the Pharisees in the Interpretation of Deuteronomy 19:16 f
Adversary (2) - ...
In Matthew 5:25 (|| Luke 12:58), and again in the parable of the Unjust Judge (Luke 18:3), the question suggests itself, ‘Who is the adversary referred to?’ The passage from the Sermon on the Mount occurs as one of a series of maxims of Christian prudence, and the key to its Interpretation is suggested by that which immediately precedes it (Matthew 5:23 f
Nebuchadnezzar, or Nebuchadrezzar - 603) he had the remarkable dream of the Great Image, in the Interpretation of which the fact was made known that he had been chosen by God as the first king of an entirely new era, the times of the Gentiles
Abomination - From this Interpretation they infer, that the religion of Mohammed will prevail in the east one thousand two hundred and sixty years, and be succeeded by the restoration of the Jews, the destruction of Antichrist, the full conversion of the Gentiles to the church of Christ, and the commencement of the millennium
Canticles; the Song of Solomon - The sudden transitions from the court to the grove are inexplicable on the literal Interpretation. Nor is the other literal Interpretation tenable, namely, that the love of Solomon and Pharaoh's daughter is the subject. The details of the imagery are not to be strained in the Interpretation
Prophecy, Prophets - ...
Hints for Interpretation Prophets intended to evoke faith by proclamation, not merely to predict the future. This distinctively Christian reading was thought to be legitimate because of Christ's fulfillment and Interpretation of the Old Testament (Luke 4:17-21 ). (3) This Christian reading of the Old Testament often takes the form of typological Interpretation
Eternal Fire (2) - Davidson see in the latter passage only the description of a present-world penalty: and this seems the more natural Interpretation. Nor can it be allowed in passages like Isaiah 66:24 if Cheyne’s Interpretation is accepted; since undying worms, preying on souls or bodies that are being consumed by unquenchable fire, is an impossible idea. ’ But the whole drift of His Interpretation of prophetic language is at variance with the literal sense of the fire penalty
Commandments - His own ethic is presented not as something new, but as a truer and more inward Interpretation of the existing Law. ‘It was said to them of old time,—I say unto you,’ implies an opposition not of the Decalogue and the new Christian code, but of the ancient Interpretation of the Decalogue and the Christian Interpretation. It claims to be nothing more than a ‘fulfilment,’ a reinterpretation of them in the light of their inward spirit and purpose
Heracleon, a Gnostic - He thinks it necessary to reconcile his own doctrine with that of the sacred writer, even at the cost of some violence of Interpretation. ...
He strives to find Valentinianism in the Gospel by a method of spiritual Interpretation. Origen even occasionally blames Heracleon for being too easily content with more obvious Interpretations. It does not appear that Heracleon used his method of Interpretation controversially to establish Valentinian doctrine, but, being a Valentinian, readily found those doctrines indicated in the passages on which he commented. ...
One other of his Interpretations deserves mention
Evangelist (2) - Some of the Greek expositors, misled by the usage of their own time, assigned, at least to the passage in Ephesians, the sense which it came to bear subsequent to NT times, that of author or writer of a Gospel; but this Interpretation has no supporters to-day. In a Syriac fragment he repeats the comparison, but advances an Interpretation of his own. 6), prevailed throughout the West, and furnished the Interpretation which is best known, as most largely represented in Christian art, and as embodied in the noble hymn of Adam of St
the Man Which Sowed Good Seed in His Field But His Enemy Came And Sowed Tares Among the Wheat - And He gave them an Interpretation of His parable, which was to be the authoritative and the all-comprehending Interpretation from that time to the end of the world. At the same time, and in and under that Interpretation of His, there are occasional, and provisional, and contemporaneous, Interpretations and applications of this parable, that are to be made by each reader of this parable, according to his own circumstances and experiences. Now, with all this, I have not gone out of my way one inch tonight to seek out this wonderful parable, and its so timeous Interpretation. On that day, He who preached this parable will winnow out, and will burn up all false Interpretations of it, and mine among the rest
Woman - The controversial words, "suitable helper" in verse 18 have traditionally been taken to imply a functional subordination of the woman to the man as part of God's design in creation, but this Interpretation is increasingly being rejected. Today, however, Christian feminists have seriously challenged the traditional Interpretations of all three of these passages. Others take verses 33b-35 to be a Corinthian slogan that Paul refutes in verses 36-38, but this relatively new Interpretation ignores the quite different length, style, and content of all other Corinthian slogans (e. Inasmuch as twenty of the other twenty-one references to "speak" ( laleo [8]) in 1 Corinthians 14 refer to tongues, their Interpretation, prophecy, or evaluation, it is probably better to see one of these forms of speech in view. " In view of the distinction between (apparently) all male overseers and both male and female deacons in 3:1-13, a plausible Interpretation of 2:12 is that women may not hold the highest office in a given ecclesial context (perhaps roughly analogous to modern-day senior pastors in congregationally governed churches). Berlin, Poetics and Interpretation of Biblical Narrative ; G
Mishnah - Hence, one of their primary concerns was to set the boundaries of legal Interpretation or “make a fence around the Law. ” The Mishnah primarily represents the collections of various teachers' opinions on halakah and seeks to establish the limits of normative Interpretation through an examination of case law and Scripture
Tongues, Gift of - Paul -- (1 Corinthians 12:8-10,28-30 ) --places that of tongues and the Interpretation of tongues lowest in the scale. ...
Connected with the "tongues" there was the corresponding power of Interpretation
Authors of Articles - , Professor of New Testament Interpretation in the University of Chicago. , Professor of Old Testament Interpretation in the University of Michigan
Communion - partaking of, the blood and the body, or is it a communion whose symbol, and medium are the blood and the body? In former times all attempts at Interpretation distinguished sharply between those various meanings; nowadays there is a tendency towards accepting the different views as being present at the same time in the author’s mind and in the mind of his first readers, not as entirely separate ideas, but all together in fluctuating transition. ...
This Interpretation is further supported by the comparison, made by St
Nebuchadnezzar the Great - He ordered all his diviners and interpreters of dreams to be sent for; but none could tell him the dream or the Interpretation: and, in wrath, he sentenced them all to death, which was about to be put in execution, when Daniel was informed of it. God in the night revealed to him the king's dream, and also the Interpretation: "Thou," said Daniel, "art represented by the golden head of the statue
Jonah - In Jewish exposition the incident was given a negative Interpretation as a threat from which Jonah had to be saved
Franciscans - published an Interpretation of this rule, mitigating its rigour; which was farther confirmed by Innocent IV
Augustan Band - ’ Mommsen, however, thinks that the prœfectus praetorio cannot have had laid upon him the humble duty of receiving prisoners, and prefers another Interpretation based upon the term princeps peregrinorum, which appears in an Old Lat
Daniel - He soon became known for his skill in the Interpretation of dreams (1:17; 2:14), and rose to the rank of governor of the province of Babylon, and became "chief of the governors" (Chald
Scriptures - If Christians want to know more about the character of God and the kind of life that God requires of his people, they will need all God’s Word, both Old Testament and New (see Interpretation)
Revelation - This does not mean that later revelations contradict those that were earlier; it means rather that later revelations develop the earlier, as God works towards the completion of his purposes through Jesus Christ (Ephesians 1:9-12; Ephesians 3:3-11; 1 Peter 1:10-12; see Interpretation, sub-heading ‘Progressive Revelation’)
Guard - The arguments for this Interpretation of the word πραιτώριον are fully stated by Lightfoot, Philippians4, 1878, p
Edification - ...
Closely connected with prophecy was ‘discerning of spirits,’ and with glossolalia ‘the Interpretation of tongues’ (1 Corinthians 12:10; 1 Corinthians 14:27 ff
Caiaphas (2) - According to the reading and Interpretation of John 18:24 in Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885, it does not; but it is held by some (e
Cloud - ...
The most interesting occurrence of this cloud is that in connexion with the Ascension; but it is its appearance above the Mount of Transfiguration that rules the Interpretation of its significance
Courtesy - ); (2) He transgressed them boldly at times, as in His cleansing of the Temple, His injunction ‘Salute no man by the way’ (Luke 10:4), and His intercourse with tax-gatherers and sinners; (3) He gave a larger and more humane Interpretation to them by His generous and considerate treatment, not only of tax-gatherers and sinners, but of women, children, Samaritans, and others who were regarded as more or less outside the ordinary rules of courtesy
Bear - To admit or be capable of that is, to suffer or sustain without violence,injury,or change as, to give words the most favorable Interpretation they will bear
Abomination, Abomination of Desolation - ...
Bible students give differing Interpretations about the eschatological meaning of the abomination of desolation. Such Interpretations often depend on the interpreter's view of the millennium. One must be sensitive to the immediate Interpretation of a passage as differentiated from successive applications of that same principle
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ - This is the usual fate of similar speculations, and shows the wisdom of resting in the plain Interpretation of the word of God
Apocalypse - These learned men agree in their general principles concerning the Interpretation of this book, although they differ in some particular points; and it is not to be expected that there should be a perfect coincidence of opinion in the explanation of those predictions which relate to still future times; for, as the incomparable Sir Isaac Newton observes, "God gave these and the prophecies of the Old Testament, not to gratify men's curiosity, by enabling them to foreknow things, but that after they were fulfilled they might be interpreted by the event, and his own prescience, not that of the interpreters, be then manifested thereby to the world
Parable - ...
In the Interpretation of a parable, its primary truth and main scope are chiefly to be considered
Pentecost, Feast of - Anyhow, whatever be the correct Interpretation of the disputed passage in Lev
Phrygia - ’ The natural Interpretation of this is that from Lystra they traversed Phrygia Galatica , from Antioch took the road leading N
Patmos - The former Interpretation probably gives the writer’s real meaning, but the latter (preferred by B
Cloud - ...
The most interesting occurrence of this cloud is that in connexion with the Ascension; but it is its appearance above the Mount of Transfiguration that rules the Interpretation of its significance
Marriage - His Interpretation of adultery in Matthew 5:27-28 should warn against being too heavy-handed about similar idealistic sayings. ...
Difference of Interpretation exists about authority and submission in marriage. ...
Differences of Interpretation exist about the role of husbands and wives in marriage
Session - , where His opponents did not deny that the writer was speaking of the Christ; and in many of their older exegetical writings this Interpretation was adopted. ” ’ Later Jewish writers seek to explain the words as referring to Abraham (Rashi), David (Aben Ezra, Mendelssohn), Hezekiah, or Zerubbabel, with regard to which Interpretations see Jennings and Lowe, op. On the whole question of Interpretation consult Davison’s art. Stephen’s Day, and Alford’s note on Acts 7:55, where he inclines to a different Interpretation
Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament - It is also possible that the New Testament writers were more concerned with meaning and Interpretation. True Interpretation of the Old Testament is achieved by reading Old Testament passages or incidents in light of the event of Christ
Number Systems And Number Symbolism - Any Interpretation based on gematria must be treated with care; such Interpretation always remains speculative
Elements - In one case (Hebrews 5:12) the Interpretation (d) is beyond dispute; the others have given rise to much discussion. In 2 Peter 3:10 the situation of στοιχεῖα between οὐρανοί and γῆ favours this Interpretation; the universe seems to consist of the vault of heaven, the heavenly bodies, and the earth
Herod - The basis of the thanksgiving is a Messianic Interpretation of the 2nd Psalm and a belief in its fulfilment in Jesus. ’ The character of Agrippa has caused doubt to be thrown on its ordinary Interpretation as an admission of the profound impression made on him by St
Gaudentius, Bishop of Brescia - From the language which he uses in reference to his predecessor he appears to have been intimately acquainted with him (though Tillemont is wrong in his Interpretation of the words "ego . allegorical, Interpretations of his texts. But Gaudentius generally prepares for them by a literal Interpretation, and when he does so, the exegesis is usually marked by good sense
Prophets, the - ...
Two remarks of great importance as regards prophecy may be made: first, that no prophecy carries its own Interpretation: each has to be understood in its place and relation to the whole system of prophecy. Not a few deem the study to be unprofitable — the subject is too mysterious, they say, and commentators differ so widely in their Interpretation! One great hindrance to the understanding of the prophets is that they are not allowed to mean what they say
Apollos - Under the influence of their ‘tutor in Christ,’ their Interpretation of Christian truth and duty took on the hue of Apollos rather than of St. (1) He was ‘a Jewish Christian versed in the Alexandrian philosophy,’ whose ‘method of teaching differed from that of Paul, in the first place in being presented in a strikingly rhetorical form, and also by the use of Alexandrian speculation and allegorical Interpretation of Scripture
Tribes of Israel - ...
The Interpretation of the genealogical scheme of JE Teach - Interestingly, priests at a later time were said “to teach” for hire, presumably “to teach” what was wanted rather than true Interpretation of God’s word ( Rock (2) - The rock here, in the Interpretation, signifies a sinful worldly nature, incapable of being penetrated by the living seed
Calf, Golden - It is also uncertain whether the other chief sanctuaries of the kingdom were at a later period provided with similar images, the leading passage ( Amos 8:14 ) being capable of another Interpretation
Theophany - It is also clear that in the events at the Jabbok ford, Jacob somehow received a revelation through an encounter with God, although neither a strict reading of the text (Genesis 32:22-32 ) nor its later Interpretation by Hosea (12:3-4) demand a theophany
Obedience - Brueggeman, Interpretation and Obedience ; P
Eternal Sin - It has the merit of emphasizing the essential matter, which any Interpretation, to be adequate, must take into account, that an ‘eternal sin’ is a sin which ‘hath never forgiveness
Jezebel - These passages, taken in connexion with the references to the teaching of Balaam in Revelation 2:14 and of the Nicolaitans in Revelation 2:15, favour the Interpretation of Jezebel which sees in the name a term of opprobrium applied dyslogistically to a heretical sect or form of doctrine
Lion - Some have indeed permitted a literal Interpretation of ‘lion’ (A
Dan - That it ever reached the sea, either here or in its later northern home, is unlikely, notwithstanding the usual Interpretation of Judges 5:17 , a passage which yields no wholly satisfactory meaning
Boldness - ...
(3) Candid speech towards Christian brethren (2 Corinthians 7:4, Philemon 1:8, and possibly 2 Corinthians 3:12, if Chrysostom’s Interpretation be correct)
Barrenness - It is upon this principle of Interpretation, and I know not upon what other so well, that we may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men, who have made those parts of the Mosaic history a stumbling-block to many, which, if rightly understood, are the very testimony of the covenant; and a principle which is thus extensive in its application and successful in its results, which explains so much that is difficult, and answers so much that is objected against, has, from this circumstance alone, strong presumption in its favour, strong claims upon our sober regard
Will, Would - , by the Devil; the RV, "by the Lord's servant" is an Interpretation; it does not correspond to the Greek]'>[1] unto His (ekeinou) will" (i
Joshua, Book of - ...
The reason for this unevenness of treatment is that the book was intended to be not a chronological record of facts, but a prophetical Interpretation of an important era of Israel’s history
Sacrifice - The OT thought-world is everywhere regarded as the basis for expounding the ultimate and more spiritual exhibitions of the sacrificial principle characteristic of apostolic Interpretation. The theory of the penal substitution of the life of the animal victim in place of the life of the offerer, which was formerly regarded as almost an axiomatic principle of Interpretation, now meets with cogent criticism. Two other important tendencies of the later Jewish period also passed as influential principles for sacrificial Interpretation into the apostolic teaching: (a) the strong tendency to recognize the sufferings, and especially the death, of righteous men as atoning for the sins of other men. This sacrificial Interpretation of His death is embedded in subsequent types of apostolic teaching (A. It may be maintained, however, that if he ‘has not especially brought out this idea [1] in connection with his allusions to sacrifice, he has done so in other ways, and the inference that this was his conception of Christ’s death, viewed as a sacrifice, is quite inevitable’ (Stevens, Christian Doctrine of Salvation, p
Anthropology - ...
That a person is created “in the image and likeness” of God has been taken to mean a variety of things in the history of biblical Interpretation. This kind of Interpretation attempts to objectify the Old Testament language about God to the extreme. This Interpretation contains some truth; the human ability to reason and human self-awareness are indeed unique in God's created order. To accept this Interpretation fully is to suggest that persons with higher levels of intelligence or more astute powers of reason would be able to relate to God on a higher level
Sweat - ’ In approaching the discussion of the passage there are three matters to be considered: (1) the textual problem, (2) the Interpretation of the words ‘became, as it were,’ and (3) the possibility of the phenomenon known as ‘bloody sweat (hœmadrosis),...
1. The next point to consider is the Interpretation of the words ‘as it were great drops of blood
Love-Feast - ’ These passages are patient of an Interpretation which excludes anything like an Agape. ’ The most probable Interpretation of the passage is that St
Essenes - And, indeed, Philo himself makes it probable, when he says, that they employed themselves with a φιλοσφια δια συμβολων , a philosophy which was supported by an allegorical Interpretation of Scripture, for this kind of allegorizing Interpretation was usually the accompaniment of a certain speculative system
Promise (2) - And it was precisely because the priests and scribes, in their blind attachment to their own Interpretation of the promise, saw, in His comparative carelessness about the traditional view and His frequent insistence upon a purely spiritual Interpretation, a danger to their own designs, that they resolved upon His death
Scribes - Possibly at first their chief duty was to make copies of the Law, but the higher function of Interpretation was soon added; and as the supreme importance of the Law came more and more to be recognized, so the profession of a Scribe came to be held in higher estimation than even that of a priest. The School of Hillel was distinguished for its mildness in the Interpretation of the Law, and that of Shammai for its strictness, corresponding to the traditional characters of the respective founders; but the points of difference between them concerned only the trivial minutiae, and never touched the weightier matters of the Law. But there were many subjects upon which the Law, as recorded, gave no precise direction, and much of it, for popular apprehension, required Interpretation and exposition
Image of God - ...
Early theologians were greatly influenced by Greek philosophy in their Interpretation of the image of God
Tabernacle - The writer of Hebrews delights, like Philo, in the typical and allegorical Interpretation of the OT Scriptures, which seem to him pregnant with hidden spiritual meanings
Samaritan, the Good - One of those whose business was the Interpretation of the sacred Law, rose and asked, ‘Teacher, what shall I do to inherit “eternal life”?’ He was no anxious inquirer
Token - The Interpretation of the passage involves a two-fold question: (a) What is meant by ‘the righteous judgement of God’? (b) What is the ‘manifest token’ (ἔνδειγμα) of it? of it? The ‘righteous judgement’ is the future and final judgment referred to in 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10, based on the principle of compensation laid down by our Lord in Luke 16:25, that the sufferers of this world shall rest hereafter, and the persecutors shall suffer
Prayer - ...
"Daniel prayed, and God enabled him both to tell Nebuchadnezzar his dream and to give the Interpretation of it (Daniel 2 :: 1623-23 )
Reprobate - ’...
It is interesting as a matter of NT Interpretation to notice that three of the most notable of the Reformed Confessions-the Heidelberg Catechism, the Revised Thirty-nine Articles, and the Scots Confession of 1560-pass the subject of reprobation over in silence
Torah - Pious Jews, therefore, needed some elaboration on the commands contained in the Torah to determine more precisely their obligation, and the Interpretation of various passages became the subject of much debate
Mark of the Beast - ...
The history of Interpretation concerning the correlation of a person with the number 666 has only resulted in endless speculations
Judas Iscariot - ...
(c) For the title Akeldama and its Interpretation see separate article, s
Genealogies - in NT)-‘endless,’ because they led nowhere, and, where all meanings were equally possible and equally worthless, one Interpretation was as good as another
Authority - ...
Historical Survey of Religious Authority The scriptural views of authority have undergone major shifts in Interpretation in church history
Blessedness (2) - This reflects a state of opinion that prevails throughout the Gospels, and gives rise to some of the greatest problems of Interpretation, viz
Gregorius Thaumaturgus, Bishop of Neocaesarea - " Evidently to Gregory the gift of Interpretation was as much a divine charisma as prophecy itself. " Gregory is exhorted to study all philosophies, as a preparation for Christianity and to aid the Interpretation of Holy Scripture. The best Interpretation of the title is "A creed not of all the dogmas of the church but only of some in opposition to the heretics who deny them" (Ante-Nicene Library vol. are: Capitula duodecim de Fide with Interpretation attributed by Gretser to Gregory (ed
Propitiation - Consequently we are largely dependent for help in its Interpretation upon what we know of the use of cognate terms in the LXX_, and upon the ideas associated with their Hebrew equivalents in the OT; for the classical use of the Greek terms from Homer downwards helps mostly by contrast, presenting a usage different from that found in the LXX_ and the NT. But this illustrative use of the term by these three apostolic writers, whilst it contributes figuratively to a legal, ethical, and ceremonial Interpretation of the one reality of a common spiritual experience of redemption in Christ’s blood, involves no essential divergence in their respective teaching. Its Interpretation as ‘a propitiatory offering’-a means of rendering God consistently favourable towards sinful men and the means of reconciliation between God and man-is the most natural, and is indeed the only meaning suitable to the context of Romans 3; other Pauline passages harmonize with it better than with any other meaning (cf. ...
The Fathers of the Apostolic and the sub-Apostolic Ages adhered in their Interpretation of propitiation to the sacrificial language of the OT and to the usage of NT terms by the apostles (cf
Galatians, Letter to the - (guhl lay' shuhnss) Paul's letter to the church at Galatia defending his Interpretation of the gospel of Christ. Interpretation of Scripture shows legalism leads to slavery, while Christ leads to the promised freedom of sons (1618106538_82:1 )
Stone - ’ (3) πέτρος is rendered ‘stone’ only in Authorized Version of John 1:42 ‘Cephas, which is, by Interpretation, a stone. ’ The words have lent themselves to various ingenious explanations; but the most probable Interpretation is the one which also most readily suggests itself—that we have here an affirmation of the immanence of Christ in natural things
Parable - ...
INTERPRETATION. But there may be a true Interpretation of a trait, which, if misinterpreted, contradicts Scripture, e
Old Testament (ii. Christ as Student And Interpreter of). - ‘Books that have influenced me’ always constitute an illuminative section of the autobiography of any great thinker or writer; and to discover that the recorded conversations and addresses of our Lord reveal to us as clearly as they do the literature upon which He has nurtured His own soul, is a great help both in the Interpretation of His teaching and in the understanding of His message and mission. , so that it seems pretty certain that this fantastic and allegorical Interpretation was not due to our Lord Himself, but to the Evangelist, a fact that is made the more probable by the consideration that He seems never to have hinted at His resurrection except to the immediate circle of His disciples. Yet His methods of Interpretation created far more surprise among His hearers than did the teaching of the orthodox and recognized men of learning. In answer to the question asked by the disciples as to what is meant by the statement of the religious authorities that Elijah must be the precursor of the Messiah (a doctrine founded on Malachi 4:5), our Lord replies that the advent of Elijah has already taken place—a statement which in one connexion (Matthew 11:14) is directly referred by Jesus in its fulfilment to John the Baptist, whereas in another place (Matthew 17:13) this Interpretation is given by the Evangelist himself. ), His ministry opened with an appropriation and Interpretation of the great passage in Isaiah 61, which is elsewhere (Matthew 11:5) employed as part of the proof that He Himself is carrying out the Messianic programme
Kulturkampf - One by one the obnoxious laws were either repealed or accorded milder Interpretation
Above And Below - We still use the old terms, just as we still speak of the rising sun, but we do so with a new Interpretation
Esther, Theology of - ...
The writer of Esther kept the original story, even with its questionable brutality, nationalism, intrigue, and secularism, but gave it a new theological Interpretation within the worship and sacred tradition of Israel
Elijah (2) - describes the same work more elaborately, and forms an early Interpretation of the passage in Malachi
Honour - Eadie’s translation and Interpretation seem to us the best: ‘Which things, having indeed a show of wisdom in superstition, humility, and corporeal austerity, not in anything of value, are for, or minister to, the gratification of the flesh. Other commentaries on the passage may be consulted for the various Interpretations which are attached to it
Jairus - ’s narrative would admit of such an Interpretation, but Lk
Manger - Luke’s account must be determined by our Interpretation of κατάλυμα
Jephthah - Those who urge the strict literal Interpretation think these arguments inconclusive; and urge that Jephthah was a wild character in a rude period, and that there is not a particle of evidence that God approved his rash vow, or this part 'of his conduct
Will - A proper Interpretation of the prayer in Gethsemane disallows predetermination without the consent of the Savior (Luke 22:42 )
Anointing - This method of Interpretation does not seem satisfactory, because the parallels quoted do not bear out the point
Nineveh - The apartments of these buildings are lined with slabs of stone, covered with sculptures in basrelief, and inscriptions in arrow-headed characters which have been in part deciphered; and these sculptured memorials of the history and customs of the Assyrians, together with the various articles made of glass, wood, ivory, and metals, now brought to light after a burial of twenty-four centuries, furnish invaluable aid in the Interpretation of Scripture, and most signally confirm its truth
Turn - , "put out of joint"); some adhere to the meaning "to turn aside, go astray;" the Interpretation depends on the antithesis which follows, "but rather be healed" (RV), which is not the antithesis to "turning aside" or being "turned" out of the way; accordingly the marg
Matthew, Gospel According to - The Interpretation of many (Westcott, Lightfoot, etc. One Interpretation is that Matthew wrote down Jesus’ sayings in Aramaic, but did not expound them, and that Papias’ own book had this object. is the frequency of quotations from the OT, and the mystical Interpretations given. The principles of Interpretation common among the Jews are applied; a text, for example, which in its literal sense applies to the Exodus, is taken to refer to the departure of the Child Jesus from Egypt ( Matthew 2:15 , Hosea 11:1 ), and the Evangelist conceives of events as coming to pass that prophecy might be fulfilled ( Matthew 1:22 f. That it was written for Jewish Christians appears from the frequency of OT quotations, from the mystical Interpretations, and from the absence of explanations of Jewish customs
Humanity of Christ - the Interpretation given in Hebrews 5:7, Hebrews 5:8). But the higher ranges of reason, the intuitive knowledge of the meaning of great truths, were peculiarly His, as is seen in the wider Interpretation of the OT (Matthew 5:17; Matthew 5:21-48), and in the lofty ethical standard which He sets up, itself another instance of the larger Interpretation of the OT, forming the still unsurpassed ideal of human conduct, more and more insisted upon in the social struggles for progress in our own time, the binding force and universal validity of the law of love (Matthew 22:37-40)
Meekness (2) - ]'>[1] has governed the Interpretation, instead of the conception represented by the underlying Hebrew word. At the same time, this common Interpretation of πραΰτης is not to be rejected as alien to the NT meaning. Against this Interpretation of the law of Christ in an absolute sense we have to set not only Christ’s own example, when in the sacred name of justice He challenged the man who smote Him at the bar of judgment (John 18:23), but also the whole tenor of the Christian law
James And John, the Sons of Zebedee - ...
To these references, where the Synoptists seem to be almost wholly dependent on the Marcan account, we must add Luke 9:54, the desire of James and John to call down fire from heaven on the inhospitable Samaritans, a story which may be connected with at least the Interpretation of the name ‘Boanerges. The natural Interpretation of Papias’ Prologue is that at the time when he was collecting his information (circa, about a. The natural Interpretation of John 19:35 distinguishes between the author and that disciple, if the ‘witness’ of that verse is to be identified with the loved disciple. And the natural Interpretation of the passage is that Andrew first finds his (own) brother Simon, and next day, when wishing to return home to Galilee, Philip, to whom Jesus says, ‘Follow me
Immortality (2) - Such an Interpretation could not be ruled out of court on the ground that it is not suggested elsewhere in Christ’s teaching. , and the Interpretation that is given by Christ Himself of the parable of the Sower). And this particular feature of the parable might admit of Interpretation as implying renovation through suffering, but is hardly satisfied by any theory of absolute cessation of being. It is worth noting, however, at once, in view of the Interpretation of these expressions which will be urged below, that every reference in St
Immortality - ...
If the passage be interpreted to refer to the visit of Christ to the souls in Sheol during the interval between His Death and His Resurrection, then this is the only NT passage which supports such a conception, and it is a possible view that the Christian Interpretation of the passage has been influenced by the strong belief which grew up in the primitive Church in the descent of Christ to Hades. If the credal Interpretation be accepted, the passage is evidence rather for an intermediate state than for any clearly defined doctrine of the immortality of the soul. Still more perplexing Isaiah 4:6, if the same Interpretation be attached to it. The view taken as to this depends upon our Interpretation of the writer’s symbolism
Black People And Biblical Perspectives - Not only did the repetition reinforce the story, but each man gave the stories new vitality through his Interpretation
Circumcision - ...
In the Mosaic law, a spiritual Interpretation was imposed upon the procedure when the Israelites were instructed to circumcise their hearts (Deuteronomy 10:16 )
Jewish Parties in the New Testament - ” It may mean that they separated themselves from the masses of the people or that they separated themselves to the study and Interpretation of the law
Supernatural - It is said, for instance, that a fuller knowledge of natural processes would lead us to see in the miracle at the wedding-feast at Cana merely an acceleration of such processes, which would quite surrender itself to ordinary methods of Interpretation
Theudas - It is this chronological discrepancy that constitutes the chief difficulty in the Interpretation of Acts 5:36
Judgment Day - The eschatological Interpretation of this day is most evident in Daniel 7:22 ,Daniel 7:22,7:27 ; Daniel 12:1-3
Astrology - What may have been an example of celestial phenomena being given an astrological Interpretation involved the appearance of an unusual star in the heavens
Baptism of the Holy Spirit - This Interpretation is usually designed to protect these texts against a view that takes them to teach baptismal regeneration
Seed (2) - But in the subsequent Interpretation of the parable, which, like other Interpretations, must be held to contain in whole or part reflexions of the Apostolic age and traces of the editor’s hand, the scope widens to include the general preaching of Christian evangelists, who are counselled not to let themselves be daunted by finding the unsympathetic and the preoccupied among their hearers
Millennium - Readers of later generations have had much greater difficulty, and this has resulted in a variety of Interpretations of the details of the book (see REVELATION, BOOK OF). ...
Among the Interpretations of Revelation 20:4-6 there have been three main viewpoints, popularly called amillennial, premillennial and postmillennial. It has similarities with the amillennial view in its Interpretation of the two groups who ‘come to life’ and in its understanding that the thousand years reign of Christ does not refer to a literal reign on earth
Macedonia - ’ But the Interpretation is not plausible
Gamaliel - His teaching tended towards a broader and more spiritual Interpretation of the Mosaic Law, and encouraged the Jews to friendly intercourse with foreigners, allowing poor strangers equal rights along with Jew’s to the gleanings of the corn, while he exerted himself for the relief of wives from the abuses of the law of divorce and for the protection of widows from the greed of children (Giṭṭin 32, 34)
Matthew (2) - ]'>[4] ) take the words καὶ ἑγένετο αὐτοῦ ἀνακειμένου ἐν τῇ οἰκία (Matthew 9:10) as indicating that the house was that of Jesus; but they can bear this Interpretation only if taken in connexion with the preceding words, καὶ ἀναστὰς ἠκολούθησεν αὐτῷ
Building - This does not appear to be made out, and it is safer to abide by the established usage than to allow an ad sensum Interpretation (which really assumes the point in dispute)
Seventy Weeks of Daniel - This will be a period of three and a half years, and if this Interpretation is correct, we might expect to find such a period definitely mentioned
Greek Language - It should farther be noticed, that there occur in the New Testament words that express both doctrines and practices which were utterly unknown to the Greeks; and also words bearing widely different Interpretations from those which are ordinarily found in Greek writers. But in every church, says Macknight, there were persons endowed with the gift of tongues, and of the Interpretation of tongues, who could readily turn the Apostles' Greek epistles into the language of the church to which they were sent
Building - This does not appear to be made out, and it is safer to abide by the established usage than to allow an ad sensum Interpretation (which really assumes the point in dispute)
Person of Christ - The title was traditional, yet it awaited final Interpretation; and this Jesus gave by stamping on it the impress of Himself. Not that these relations are thereby denied, or made of no account in the Interpretation of the name. These are features of the Synoptic portraiture of Jesus which it is impossible to eliminate; and while they do not amount to a doctrine of His Person, they insist on doctrinal Interpretation. ), that even as historians, and irrespectively of any judgment of faith, we are bound to accept the Apostolic Interpretation of the facts, since ‘the facts concerning Him must have been such as to sanction and necessitate the Interpretation
Regeneration - Its only occurrence as applied to the individual is Titus 3:5, a passage of very doubtful Pauline authenticity, where the most obvious Interpretation is that salvation is effected by baptism. ...
The examination of the NT documents may well begin with Jesus’ teaching in the Synoptics, then proceed to the Book of Acts as presenting the external manifestations of the early Christian experience with the Interpretations that were current in the Church, and then to the writings that more clearly express the personal contributions of the great spiritual leaders. It is a classic of religious experience, and yields in a most interesting way to clear psychological Interpretation. (This involves an Interpretation of Romans 7:7-25 as a continuous experience, and not merely a post-conversion memory. Paul’s own Interpretation of this regeneration experience is based on the antagonism between the σάρξ and the πνεῦμα
Wandering Stars - The main point of interest for us here is the Interpretation of the spirit of Jesus upon which the primitive Church acted, and out of which this apocalyptic address arose. ...
(a) The least unsatisfactory Interpretation is to suppose that Jesus was speaking of the dangers that awaited the disciples in the immediate future, when His arrest and death would alter their circumstances. ...
This allusive Interpretation (‘Totus hic sermo allegoricus est: quasi dicat, “Vixistis adhuc in pace, commilitones, nunc vero hellum instat acerrimum, et caeteris rebus omissis de unis armis cogitandum. On any Interpretation of it, the connexion of the verses is a difficulty
Matthew, Gospel According to - Luke is predominantly material capable of a more universalistic Interpretation. Their Interpretation will often depend largely upon the conception of the Kingdom with which the reader approaches them. A phrase here, ‘shall gather out of his kingdom,’ has been pressed to support the Interpretation that the Kingdom is thought of as present now. But the question is not, What did these parables mean when they were originally spoken? but, What Interpretation did the editor put upon them when he incorporated them into his Gospel? He everywhere seems to use the phrase ‘kingdom of the heavens’ in its eschatological sense
Barnabas, Epistle of - -It is only right to emphasize our author’s moral and spiritual aims because a large part of what he says, consisting of allegorical Interpretations of the Mosaic Law, appears to modern minds strangely unreal and fantastic. 7); the true spiritual Interpretation is known to Christians because God circumcised their ears (ix. This spiritual Interpretation of the Law is nothing more or less than a series of allegories. ’ Our author accepts the Jewish Scriptures, the patriarchs, the promises, Moses, and the Law in its (to his mind) correct spiritual Interpretation. ...
A closer determination of the date depends mainly on the Interpretation of a passage from ch. But this rests on a misinterpretation of ch
Omnipresence - The Socinian Interpretation is a fair illustration of the way in which we become entangled when we introduce terms of space into our descriptions of God’s attributes. ...
If we have followed this Interpretation—and surely, unless St. Paul have misunderstood and misinterpreted Jesus Christ, there is nothing improbable in the Interpretation—we are quite prepared to expect that the Lord Jesus after His resurrection should say to His disciples, ‘Lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world’ (" translation="">Matthew 28:20). It arose chiefly from Luther’s Interpretation of the words of Jesus at the Supper, ‘This is my body’ (" translation="">Matthew 26:26)
Song of Songs - Place in the Canon, Interpretation, structure . The Church adopted this line of Interpretation from the Synagogue: Christ is the bridegroom, the Church or the soul is the bride. There are many passages where our view of the Interpretation suggests alterations ( Song of Solomon 1:2 ; Song of Solomon 1:4 ; Song of Solomon 1:8-9 ; Song of Solomon 2:9 ; Song of Solomon 3:10 ; Song of Solomon 4:14 ; Song of Solomon 4:16 ; Song of Solomon 5:1 ; Song of Solomon 5:6 ; Song of Solomon 6:2 ; Song of Solomon 6:6 ; Song of Solomon 6:8 ; Song of Solomon 7:8 ; Song of Solomon 7:8 ; Song of Solomon 7:13 ), but it is obviously easy to allow ourselves too much licence
Worldliness (2) - Indeed, Christ teaches that this love and service to man are the criterion of love and service to God (Matthew 25:40; Matthew 25:45), while in several suggestive passages He even hints that the earthly life forms in some sense an Interpretation of the spiritual life (see Mark 2:5; Mark 2:10-11, Matthew 18:10). He thus maintains his fellowship with the two realms to which he belongs, but there is no division in his mind (μὴ μετεωρίζεσθε in Luke 11:29 according to Interpretation of Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 : cf. And herein he has found life’s true Interpretation (cf
Eucharist - But the sentence may be an Interpretation of Christ’s action, based on its correspondence with the hallowing of the bread. Its Interpretation must, therefore, begin from the great Hebrew festival, in which it finds its origin, and which was regarded as a corporate communion of the Covenant People beneath the shelter of the sprinkled blood, an extension of that first sacred meal eaten when the destroying angel was passing over and working redemption for Israel (see Schultz, OT Theol . Paul’s explanatory statement ‘ye proclaim the Lord’s death’ though the natural Interpretation of the Greek is in favour of the idea suggested by the RV Begetting - ’ This might be accepted as a fairly adequate account of the Messianic ideas held by the early disciples, and of the Interpretation which they were likely to put upon the passage in the Second Psalm, when they studied it, as St. ...
Such an Interpretation, however, of the passage referred to as we find in the teachings of St. In the latter case the addition of the words ‘hear ye him’ to the original form of the Divine testimony would naturally suggest to persons familiar, as the disciples probably were, with the current Messianic Interpretation of Psalms 2:7, the thought of the Divine decree there spoken of, which constituted the subject of the prophecy King of God’s people, having a Divine right to their loyalty and obedience
Daniel, Theology of - The Interpretation of the vision of chapter 9 includes the hotly debated "seventy sevens" or "seventy weeks of years" passage (vv. In chapter 7 the nationalistic Interpretation of the Messiah is transcended
Harmony of the Gospels - Rather, they recognize the differences and compare the variations between the gospels and use their findings as an aid for Interpretation. Greisbach's work still serves as the basic model for scholars who make comparisons between the gospels in order to aid their Interpretation of a given text
Revelation of God - ...
Special Revelation God has revealed Himself in nature, human experience, and history, but sin's entrance into the world has changed the revelation as well as the Interpretation of it. It includes not only those personal, redemptive acts in history, but also the prophetic-apostolic Interpretation of those events
Illustrations - ...
Many of Jesus’ parables and pictures are more than mere illustrations; they have in them the imagination’s power of Interpretation, the revealing vision of the poet. But we find that in all these Gospels this explanation occurs at one place, namely, between the parable of the Sower as spoken to those without and its Interpretation to the disciples
Kings, 1 And 2 - ...
A Theological Interpretation of Israel's History This history was not written primarily for historical reasons, though the historical information contained in 1,2Kings provides the basic information in reconstructing the history of the period. Only that which was important to the author's Interpretation of Israel's history was included—the primary thing being the building of the Temple
Impotence - From such analogies Deissmann is inclined to accept the most literal and local Interpretation of St. This Interpretation certainly presses the literal meaning of ἐν too far; it tends to dissolve St
the Angel of the Church in Pergamos - And that strong attraction arises, so the Archbishop says, from the fact that there are so many unsolved problems of Interpretation in these seven Epistles. This is no unsolved problem of Interpretation
Joel, Book of - Interpretation . The description of the locusts as ‘the northern army ’ ( Joel 2:20 ) is indeed still unexplained, but is insufficient of itself to overthrow the literal Interpretation
Cosmas (3), Indian Navigator - Pinning their faith on the literal meaning of the words of Scripture according to its traditional Interpretation they deduced a system which had for them all the authority of a divine revelation any departure from which was regarded as impious and heretical. His errors were those of his age, and rest chiefly on his reverence for the traditional Interpretation of the Bible
Macarius Magnus, Magnes, a Writer - Sufficient has been quoted to show the allegorical style of Interpretation which Macarius used. Macarius thus belonged to the Alexandrian school of allegorical Interpretation as might be expected from the great use he makes of Origen not to the Syrian literal school
Unwritten Sayings - In this case, unfortunately, the leaf was in a mutilated condition, and both re-construction and Interpretation are difficult
Vision(s) - Though the Interpretation of these chapters is difficult, it is clear that the visions reveal God's intention to deliver the beleaguered restoration community
Magi - But the Child had escaped, and the Magi, being warned of God in a dream (they were famed for Interpretation of dreams), had returned a different way, before Herod's cruel decree for the slaughter of the infants took effect at Bethlehem
Propitiation - " The italicized addition in the AV, "the sins of," gives a wrong Interpretation
False Worship - Understanding of the basic form and nature of this kind of false worship has been clarified by discoveries made at Ugarit and the subsequent Interpretation and study of these
Bible, Inspiration of the - ...
In 2 Peter 1:19-21 , we read that "no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own Interpretation
Rock - A parallel to this mode of Interpretation may be found in Hebrews 11:26, where the Apostle represents Moses as ‘accounting the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt
Treasure - It was this Interpretation that formed the chief justification for the monkish asceticism of the Middle Ages
Water (2) - The accuracy of the Interpretation has been doubted (Wendt, Teaching of Jesus, vol
Song of Solomon, Theology of - How then could Rabbi Akiba call this book the Bible's "Holy of Holies"?...
The way chosen by many during the history of Interpretation was to suppress the obviously sexual language of human love in the book by allegorizing it
Graciousness - But general, popular, and attractive as such an Interpretation is, another is probably the correct one
Honey - , which forbids the use of honey (probably because easily subject to fermentation) in any kind of sacrifice; that of the allegorical Interpretation of Song of Solomon 5:1 (especially in the LXX Septuagint version) applied to Christ; an ascetic tendency to proscribe sweet foods; the possible intervention of the Valentinians with their Veritatis Evangelium; and, finally, the proneness to polemize against the Gnostics, who made large use of honey in their solemn ‘mysteries’ (cf
Long-Suffering - In the parable of the Unjust Judge the word μακροθυμεῖ (Luke 18:7) occurs in connexion with a difficult piece of Interpretation, for the full discussion of which we have scarcely space here
Daniel, Book of - The remaining six chapters relate four visions seen by Daniel and the Interpretation of them. The visions and their Interpretations all culminate in the final establishment of the Kingdom of God
Faustus (11), Sometimes Called the Breton - In his Interpretation of passages of Holy Scripture (e
Community of Goods - The same thing is implied in the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 13:16), and seems to be the most natural Interpretation of the phrase in 1 John (1 John 3:17)
Separate - ” This Interpretation might be justified by assuming that Joseph was separated from his brethren to become the savior of his father, his brethren, and their families
Hutchinsonians - After Origen, and other eminent commentators, he asserted that the Scriptures are not to be understood and interpreted in a literal but in a typical sense, and according to the radical import of the Hebrew expressions; that even the historical parts, and particularly those relating to the Jewish ceremonies and Levitical law, are to be considered in this light; and he also asserted that, agreeably to this mode of Interpretation, the Hebrew Scriptures would be found amply to testify concerning the nature and offices of Jesus Christ
Agur - Simon, in his lexicon, says it may perhaps denote "him who applies to the study of wisdom; " an Interpretation very suitable to the royal philosopher, but not supported by adequate authority; and in his Onomasticon he explains it in a different manner
Balaam - ...
This analysis leaves out of account Numbers 22:22-34 ; Numbers 22:23 , which seem to belong to a narrative dealing with the same facts, but placing a more sinister Interpretation on the conduct of Balaam
Apostle - As the authoritative Interpretation of Christ and the gospel became firmly established in written form (2 Thessalonians 2:15; see GOSPEL; SCRIPTURES), and as the churches became firmly established through their local leaders (Acts 13:1-3; Acts 14:23; Acts 20:28; see ELDER), the necessity for apostles decreased
Honey - , which forbids the use of honey (probably because easily subject to fermentation) in any kind of sacrifice; that of the allegorical Interpretation of Song of Solomon 5:1 (especially in the LXX Septuagint version) applied to Christ; an ascetic tendency to proscribe sweet foods; the possible intervention of the Valentinians with their Veritatis Evangelium; and, finally, the proneness to polemize against the Gnostics, who made large use of honey in their solemn ‘mysteries’ (cf
Deuteronomy, Theology of -
The specific stipulations, which provide Interpretation or amplification of the general stipulations, usually in terms of actual cases or precise requirements (12:1-26:15). Also like its model in Exodus, the Deuteronomic Decalogue provides a platform of principles upon which the remainder of the general stipulations must rest and, indeed, of which they are a detailed Interpretation and elaboration (5:22-11:32). Clements, God's Chosen People: A Theological Interpretation of the Book of Deuteronomy ; J
Christ, Christology - Paul in the Interpretation of Christian experience and the correlation of Christian thought. Peter was ready with a quotation from Psalms 16, and an exegetical Interpretation of it which was sufficiently in accord with contemporary methods of exegesis to commend it to his hearers. The importance of this identification is illustrated by the exposition of Isaiah 53:7 given by Philip to the Ethiopian eunuch (Acts 8:35 ‘beginning from this scripture he preached unto him Jesus’); and the same Interpretation probably underlies St
Isidorus, Archbaptist of Seville - —A spiritual Interpretation of the names of Scripture characters: 129 from O. —A mystical Interpretation of the principal events recorded in the books of Moses, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Ezra, Maccabees. The mystical method of Interpretation is pursued to an excessive degree
Text, Versions, And Languages of ot - ...
Though in the oldest Hebrew MSS of the Bible the consonants of the original text are accompanied by the vowels which express at once the traditional pronunciation and the traditional Interpretation of the text, it is now as generally accepted that the vowels formed no part of the original text as that the earth revolves round the sun. As another illustration of this method of Interpretation, which was so important in securing from the 1st or 2nd cent. The vowels, it must be repeated, are merely an Interpretation of the original text of Scripture, and not part of it, and different Hebrew MSS show as a matter of fact two distinct systems of vocalization, with different symbols. Such variations as do occur in these versions from the Hebrew consist largely (though not exclusively) of variations in the Interpretation of the consonants, i
Messiah - The Messiah of the OT ...
In any historical study of the OT it is necessary to distinguish sharply between the Messianic Interpretation given to certain passages by later writers, notably Christian and Rabbinic, and the expectation which, so far as it is recoverable, the writers of the OT actually possessed. The proper method in the study of the Messianic hope is not to mass the sentences of the OT to which a Messianic Interpretation is given by later Biblical or extra-Biblical writers, but to study them in their context both literary and historical. In such a tracing of the historical development it is necessary to recognize critical results as far as they are reasonably fixed, and thus avoid reading back into the original hopes of the Hebrews those Interpretations and implications which were given to the early history by various redactors. The Interpretation placed upon these ‘Servant’ passages ( Isaiah 43:1-13 ; Isaiah 49:5 ; Isaiah 61:1-3 ; Isaiah 52:13-15 ; Isaiah 53:1-12 ) in Rabbinic thought was ordinarily not personal, but national. And this is becoming the current Interpretation to-day. The development of the Messianic expectation, however, was to some extent shaped by the need of combating the Messianic Interpretations of Christianity
Authority in Religion - Nor has the writer been able to satisfy himself that Christ anywhere uses of them language either demanding, or even susceptible of such an Interpretation. Legislative authority, along with other things, prescribes who is to interpret the laws it makes, and how much of finality shall attach to their Interpretation by different persons. And, finally, when the judicial function vests in the same person as the legislative, then the maxim, ‘The Interpretation of the law is the law,’ receives its highest exemplification; for then the law and the Interpretation of the law are but different modal manifestations of one and the same personal will or author-ity
Divinity of Christ - ’ It is a cry dear to all who desire a simpler gospel than that set forth in the Creeds; all who are wearied with speculation on the elements of Christian truth, or are distraught with the variety of Interpretation offered of it; all who are eager to embrace the ethics and as eager to abjure what they term the metaphysics of the Christian system. ’ It seeks by a study of the original records in the light of all the historical and critical aids now open to us, and guided by the modern idea of evolution, not only to bring us face to face with Jesus of Nazareth, to listen to His direct words of wisdom, but to trace all the steps of His spiritual advance, all the steps by which He grew into the Messiah of Israel and the Ideal of humanity, giving the deepest Interpretation to the prophetic dream of His nation, and so lifting it into that higher region in which the freely accepted Cross became the necessary means to the deliverance of man. He gave a new light on all things to men; and by an inevitable necessity they proceeded to apply, and still must apply, what He has shown, to the Interpretation of all they thought and knew. Herein rests the real originality of His message, by which His gospel differentiates itself from all other religions on the one hand, and from all merely philosophical or ethical Idealisms on the other; in virtue of which also all Interpretations of His Person on humanitarian lines prove inadequate. Subsequent theology accepted the assurance, departed widely from the purely Messianic portraiture, yet claimed, and with perfect justice, that the new departures were in no sense new additions to the original Gospel, but fresh Interpretations, designed to recover and vitalize truths discernible in the Gospels, but imperfectly understood by the Gospel writers
Baptism - Ephesians 5:26 may find its best Interpretation through comparison with John 15:3 (cf. And here the Apostolic Interpretation of the rite touches the anticipation of it in our Lord’s words recorded in John 3:5
Kings, First And Second, Theology of - The writer of Kings clearly identifies his Interpretation of Israel's history with that of the prophets. The author is not writing a history of Israel, but primarily a theological and somewhat didactic Interpretation of Israel's history, with the religious struggle of Israel and Canaan as a central focus
Joel, Theology of - The recipients of the Spirit are said to prophesy and have dreams or visions, words capable of a wide variety of Interpretation, largely due to the fact that Joel's announcement comes rather abruptly, having no apparent conceptual connection with earlier material in the book. Furthermore, any Interpretation of 2:32 has to struggle with the roughness of its syntax
Revelation, Idea of - Yet it has led to an imbalance of another kind, in which mute Acts are severed from their spoken Interpretation. From such a perspective we must say that the Bible is not simply the record and Interpretation of the Acts of God in history, but itselfcompiled as it was over more than a thousand years of historynot least among those mighty Acts in its faithful recording of that most frequent of all those Acts, the speech of God
Historical - This principle had to be laid down in face of the Church’s age-long hankering after ‘mystical’ Interpretation. This may interfere with the rounded symmetry of the science; small loss, if it gives us wider and truer knowledge! Further, the writer’s own belief is that (not a Christian bias, but) a Christian Interpretation is indispensable; or, that experience bears its witness (cf
Moses - Zahn)? If this be the true Interpretation, the statement of St. We must thus rather look for an Interpretation according to which Acts 15:21 provides a reason why precisely these four injunctions were laid upon the Gentile churches
the Angel of the Church of Ephesus - When that great genius and great saint comes upon the Nicolaitans in these Epistles, he has an original way of Interpretation all his own. That is I fear a far too mystical and equivocal Interpretation for the most of us as yet
Fall of Man - Interpreters have adopted various and often strange theories; but those whose opinions it seems necessary to notice may be divided into such as deny the literal sense of the relation entirely; such as take the account to be in part literal and in part allegorical; and those who, while they contend earnestly for the literal Interpretation of every part of the history, consider some of the terms used, and some of the persons introduced, as conveying a meaning more extensive than the letter, and as constituting several symbols of spiritual things and of spiritual beings. If the history of the fall, as recorded by Moses, were an allegory, or any thing but a literal history, several of the above allusions would have no meaning; but the matter is put beyond all possible doubt in the New Testament, unless the same culpable liberties be taken with the Interpretation of the words of our Lord and of St
Joannes Presbyter - The apostle alone would not feel such need, therefore if he were the author of the gospel, all is intelligible; but if the author were his disciple, is it conceivable that he should thus suppress the name of his great master and predecessor in labour in Asia; and if beside the apostle there were in our Lord's circle another John, is it conceivable that the writer should not have distinguished between them?...
Thus the Eusebian Interpretation of Papias must stand on its own merits. What remains but that the second John had the same right to the title as Andrew, Peter, and the rest to whom it is given in the beginning of the sentence? ...
Hence while we own the Eusebian Interpretation of Papias to be a possible one, we are unable to see that it is the only possible one; and therefore while willing to receive the hypothesis of two Johns, if it will help to explain any difficulty, we do not think the evidence strong enough to establish it as an historical fact: and we frankly own that if it were not for deference to better judges, we should unite with Keim in relegating, though in a different way, this "Doppelgänger" of the apostle to the region of ghostland
Building - Clowney, Biblical Interpretation and the Church: The Problem of Contextualization ; R
Libertines - It consists, as Hort says, of ‘a long compound phrase,’ the Greek of which is ‘not smooth and correct on any Interpretation’ (Judaistic Christianity, p
Theophilus - ’...
It is also possible that there is a reference to this Interpretation in Tatian, Orat
Transmigration - Here the disciples are puzzled by the apparent inconsistency between the fact that Jesus is the Messiah and the fact that Elijah has not appeared, as, in accordance with an authoritative Interpretation of the prophecy of Malachi (Malachi 4:5), he was expected, to precede and prepare the way for the Messiah
Marks - ’ This rendering accords with the Interpretation of this difficult passage adopted by most recent scholars
Abstain, Abstinence - Careful biblical Interpretation, however, requires that the choice to abstain be made for reasons other than the demand of the biblical pattern
Sea of Glass - Interpretation
Vain - Our Lord gives the Interpretation of the word in the clause following, ‘For they think that they shall be heard for their πολυλογία
Lamb, Lamb of God - Luke provides the Interpretation of Isaiah 53:7-8 in the early church, through the preaching of Philip to the Ethiopian official ( Acts 8:26-40 )
Levite - Some of the Levites became involved, however, in the Interpretation and teaching of the law (Nehemiah 8:7-8 ) and in the leading of the people in worship (Nehemiah 9:4-5 ; 12:8-9,27-47 )
Restore, Renew - It is the extension of the literal meaning into a figure for explaining God's program or the nature of spiritual living that presents challenges for Interpretation
Legalism - While attending the synagogue regularly (Mark 3:13-17 ) he did not hesitate to break the purity laws (Luke 4:16 ) or rigid Interpretations of Sabbath law (Mark 3:1-6 ). His Interpretation of the law exhibited an incisiveness that pierced to the law's intent beyond its surface meaning (Matthew 5:21-48 )
Giving - Confessedly difficult of Interpretation as this parable is in detail, its main lesson can hardly be overlooked—Heaven, which cannot be bought by gold, may yet be prepared for by the best uses of wealth
Lamb - -(1) In Philip’s Interpretation of this passage to the eunuch who questioned him concerning its meaning, he showed that its fulfilment was found in Jesus (Acts 8:32)
Fast, the - If Workman’s Interpretation of the contrast in St
Apostolic Fathers - He wrote a five-volume work called Interpretation of the Lord's Oracles of which only fragments remain in the writings of others
Chapters - Though the first Interpretation would probably obtain the greatest number of suffrages from really learned and impartial men; yet it is quite sufficient for mankind to know, in either way, that this division into verses was completed in the course of that journey
Man - 1 Corinthians 4:6 ), 1 Corinthians 15:32 ; Lightfoot prefers 'from worldly motives'; but the other Interpretation, No
New Commandment - ’ Accepting the moral code of the Decalogue as Divinely given, He contents Himself with ‘fulfilling’ it by a deeper and more inward Interpretation
Atonement (2) - We are therefore entitled to hold that any Interpretation of the Christian facts which shifts the focus from Calvary to Bethlehem or Galilee represents a departure from the historic faith, and tends to distort the Christian revelation. What we find is the remarkable manner in which the idea of the King and the Kingdom, consonant with contemporary Jewish expectation, is combined with that of the suffering Messiah, so alien to the current Interpretation of the Scriptures as to present ‘to the Jews a stumbling-block. The Voice from Heaven, and the Temptation endured in the power of the baptismal Spirit (Matthew 4:1, Mark 1:12, Luke 4:1), even if they be regarded merely as the Interpretation of the subjective consciousness of Jesus, witness to the identity between the scheme of the ministerial life accepted from the first by the Son of Man and the gospel of the redeeming work preached by the Apostles
Father, Fatherhood - The abstract statement that ‘God is love’ (1 John 4:8) is a true Interpretation of the word ‘Father’ as used by Jesus. Thus the entire teaching of Jesus is but the Interpretation of the fact of God’s Fatherhood. This Jewish conception of God was based on the traditional Interpretation of the Law, not on the spiritual teaching of the Prophets
Propitiation (2) - They were not the men to invent an Interpretation of His death, or to go back to Levitical explanations without His sanction. This is the natural Interpretation of the passage itself. The Interpretation which would make the author of Hebrews restrict the efficacy of Christ’s work to its influence upon men, dislocates it from its whole setting, destroys its plainest antitypical significance, and would make his meaning unintelligible to the Hebrew readers for whom it was doubtless prepared
Judas Iscariot (2) - 189, 240, 283)...
Two facts already mentioned have an important bearing on the Interpretation of Ἰακαριώτης: (1) the true reading, ‘Simon Iscariot,’ shows that the epithet was equally applicable to the father and the son, and this twofold use of the word suggests that it is a local name; (2) the paraphrase ἀπὸ Καριώτου confirms the view that Judas is named after his place of abode (cf. Ainger adopts this Interpretation in a finely-wrought study of the character of Judas (The Gospel and Human Life, p. ’ A strained Interpretation of the saying underlies the statement that it ‘appears to be inconsistent with the equal confidence in all the disciples shown by Jesus according to the Synoptic tradition’ (Ency
Last Supper - ’ The natural Interpretation is to take them as indicative of the evening of the day when the Upper Room was engaged. While in itself absolutely vague, in connexion with the preceding words, ‘they made ready the Passover,’ it would naturally indicate the commencement of 15th Nisan, when the lamb was eaten; but in view of considerations already stated, we must reject such Interpretation, and read the term in connexion with what follows, and is peculiar to Lk. The initial statement that Jesus sat down with the Twelve (ἀνέκειτο, Matthew 26:20; ἀνέπεσεν, Luke 22:14) is against the usual Interpretation of the directions given in Exodus 12:11 : it is supposed that a change of posture had been admitted in later times
Old Testament - a forecast of Christian ‘tongues’ (1 Corinthians 14:21), betrays the unrestrained liberty of Interpretation exercised by the Jewish exegete. But the widest freedom of Interpretation is claimed. Gilbert, Interpretation of the Bible, New York, 1908; A
Lord - ’ In view of the confession of Lordship to which the passage leads up, it seems natural to adopt this Interpretation. As Lord He comes in the mind of the Church to take His position alongside of God, to éxercise such functions as had been attributed to God, and to receive such reverence as had been accorded to God alone-according to an Interpretation of Romans 9:5 which is linguistically unexceptionable, He is even called θεός (cf
Baptize, Baptism - ...
Paul retained, too, the original Interpretation of baptism as entrance to the religious community: "We were all baptized into one body" (1 Corinthians 12:13 ). ...
Paul retains also the earliest Interpretation of baptism as a washing away of sin, a "washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit" as Titus 3:5 describes it, a cleansing of the bride-church "by the washing of water with the Word" ( 1 Corinthians 6:11 ; Ephesians 5:26 )
Reality - —They relate facts as they know them, and always with a certain artless simplicity; and if occasionally they put an Interpretation of their own upon the facts, it is still patent that it is an honestly framed Interpretation
Heir Heritage Inheritance - But it is obvious that where κληρονόμος is used of Israel’s inheritance in Canaan, or metaphorically of the Jewish and Christian promises of salvation (below, 3), the idea of succession must pass into the background, for the Heavenly Father does not die; and this fact causes the difficulty in the otherwise more natural Interpretation of διαθήκη as a ‘testament’ or ‘will. , are used literally, as in the Parable of the Vineyard (Mark 12:7, Matthew 21:38, Luke 20:14), where, however, there is a metaphorical Interpretation (see (c)); so in Luke 12:13, where Jesus is asked to divide the inheritance between two brothers, apparently to settle a dispute, and in Galatians 4:1, where the son, the heir, is as a servant during his nonage, though lord of all the property, the reference being to the Law and the Gospel
Insight - With Jesus this spiritual consciousness was so perfect that it mastered its alien environment and moved through it calmly and serenely, indicating its true place in the Divine purpose, and giving the right Interpretation to all its manifestations. Here the difficulty of Interpretation frequently lies in the fact that the commentator often attempts to force upon them a materialistic meaning that was never intended
Law of God - The Pharisees put their own lax Interpretation upon this precept, and multiplied the causes of divorce to an extent far beyond what the precept actually justified. This typical instance illustrates the principle upon which Jesus proceeded in His Interpretation of the Divine law
Spiritual Gifts - The gifts may be divided into the apparently miraculous and the non-miraculous, ( a ) The miraculous include speaking with tongues (probably ecstatic utterances, usually unintelligible to the speaker; see Tongues [1]), and their Interpretation; gifts of healing, and the working of miracles or ‘powers’; of these we may instance the power of exorcism ([2] Mark 16:17 , Acts 16:18 ; Acts 19:12 ), and the punishment of offenders ( Acts 5:1-11 ; Act 13:9 , 1 Corinthians 4:21 ; 1 Corinthians 5:5 )
Jude, Theology of - ...
The recipients of the letter are not specified but they are familiar with the Old Testament, contemporary Jewish literature, and methods of Interpretation
Expiation, Propitiation - Biblical Vocabulary The point of difference in Interpretation for theologians has centered on the Greek word hilasmos in 1 John 2:2 ; 1 John 4:10
Teacher - Even the teaching of additional apostles such as Paul was recognized by the church as being an authoritative Interpretation of the life, work and teaching of Jesus (Acts 15:35; 1 Corinthians 14:37; 1 Corinthians 15:1-5; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; see APOSTLE)
Hosea - In favour of an allegorical Interpretation the clearly symbolical character of the names of Hosea’s children has been urged; but the names of Isaiah’s children Shear-jashub and Maher-shalal-hash-baz are also symbolical (cf
Education in Bible Times - The main study at these centers was the Law and its Interpretation
Body of Christ - Clowney, Biblical Interpretation and the Church: The Problem of Contextualization ; W
Quirinius - Lardner’s Interpretation, however, does violence to the construction of the text, and is at best a forced expedient to avoid a difficulty
Wisdom of Christ - The latter view, which is based on an ultra-literal Interpretation of Mark 13:32, postulates three different kinds of wisdom in Christ—an unlimited Divine wisdom, a limited Divine wisdom, and a human wisdom
Son of Man - ) Later, Jewish Interpretation of Daniel 7:13 , however, is at one in seeing the reference as messianic
God - never utter it (from a constrained Interpretation of Leviticus 24:16 ), but say, 'the name,' 'the great and terrible name,' etc
Book of Life - Of these passages the most important for the purpose of determining the meaning is Revelation 20:12; Revelation 20:15, because there the book of life is distinguished from certain other books: ‘and the books were opened, and another book was opened which is the book of life; and the dead were judged out of those things that were written in the books, according to their works … and whosoever was not found written in the book of life, was cast into the lake of fire,’ The natural implication here is that the other books were records of works, but that the book of life was simply a register of the names of those destined for life-an Interpretation which fits all the above-noted passages
Fruit (2) - The true Interpretation of the maxim—“Die to live,”—is, that the individual must die to an isolated life,—i
Dionysius of Alexandria - To say that a synod was held upon the subject at Rome is an incorrect Interpretation of the facts
Judaizing Christians - Even the apostles who had constantly attended him, who had listened not merely to his public discourses, but to the Interpretation of them, which, in tender condescension to their weakness, he often in private gave, were so thoroughly established in this opinion that it required a peculiar revelation to be made to him before Peter would open the kingdom of God to a Gentile
Interpretation - It is dangerous to ‘adjust’ the meaning of one or the other to force it into some neatly ordered scheme of theological Interpretation that people have worked out
Bible - Concerning the present-day reader’s understanding of the Bible see Interpretation; QUOTATIONS
Announcements of Death - ...
(b) Another* Prophecy - How few, especially of the objectors to the Bible, have read it in this manner! How many of them have confessed unblushingly their un-acquaintance with its contents, or have proved what they have not confessed by the mistakes and misrepresentations into which they have fallen! As for the Jews, the evident dominion of their prejudices, their general averseness to discussion, and the extravagant principles of Interpretation they have adopted for many ages, which set all sober criticism at defiance, render nugatory any authority which might be ascribed to their denial of the fulfilment of certain prophecies in the sense adopted by Christians. Many passages then in the Old Testament, which in their first aspect appear to be historical, are in fact prophetic, and they are so cited in the New Testament, not by way of ordinary accommodation, or casual coincidence, but as intentionally predictive, as having a double sense, a literal and a mystical Interpretation, Hosea 11:1 ; Matthew 2:15 . ...
Beside these historical passages, of which the covert allusions were explained by the Interpretation of the Gospel writers, who were enlightened by the Spirit to unfold the mysteries of Scripture, the prophets often uttered positive predictions which in consequence of the correspondence established between the two dispensations, were descriptive of a double event, however they might be themselves ignorant of the full extent of those prophecies which they delivered
Peter - Paul (1 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Corinthians 3:22; 1 Corinthians 9:5; 1 Corinthians 15:5, Galatians 1:18; Matthew 16:17-191; Galatians 2:11; Galatians 2:14); and John once speaks of ‘Cephas (which is by Interpretation, Peter)’ (John 1:42). These scanty particulars do not permit of any very extended Interpretation, yet they do make it clear that Peter was prominent in the counsels of the mother Church, that he continued to prosecute his work as an evangelist, and that his fame had reached even to Asia Minor and Greece early in the fifties. Whatever doubts may be entertained regarding the verbal accuracy of the speeches of Peter recorded in Acts, the accuracy of the main content is hardly to be disputed, so far at least as the Interpretation of Jesus’ Messiahship is concerned
Ordination - But this Interpretation does not suit 1 Timothy 1:18 ‘the prophecies which went before on thee’ (or better, as Revised Version margin, ‘which led the way to thee’); and a much more likely view is that the ‘prophecy’ is the indication of the Divine purpose by a Christian prophet, showing that Timothy was a suitable person. This Interpretation suits the context perhaps better than the other; both before and after this verse St. But this custom is not referred to elsewhere in the NT, and one has a suspicion that the Interpretation in question antedates it considerably
Woman - The place of women in marriage gained a higher Interpretation. its moral and religious Interpretation in the Christianity of the NT
Example - Angels - The words in Jude are certainly to be understood of the angels, and this makes the similar Interpretation of 1 Thessalonians 3:13 more likely. ); but, as all men will themselves be judged (Romans 14:10, 2 Corinthians 5:10), the Interpretation of the above passages as implying that the saints will themselves be judges at the Last Day is somewhat doubtful
Pseudo-Chrysostomus - He knew no Hebrew though he lays great stress on the Interpretation of Hebrew names making use for this purpose of a glossary which we cannot identify with that used by any other writer. His fanciful Interpretations of Scripture though including some few of what may be called patristical commonplaces seem to be mostly original. The Interpretation that the "mountains" to which Christians are to flee are the Holy Scriptures may have been suggested by Augustine in Psa_75:2; see also the sermon (46) "de Pastoribus
Joel - Few scholars hold to such an Interpretation today
Retaliation - When Christ came to deal with the Pharisees, He found that this broader Interpretation of the Law was lacking
Communion - But it is ‘communion’ that brings us nearest to the original, and sets us in the path of the right Interpretation of the word on every occasion when it is used in the NT
Esther, Book of - The main reasons for this conclusion are, that the book is full of improbabilities; that it is so transparently written for specific purposes, namely, the glorification of the Jewish nation, and as a means of expressing Jewish hatred of and contempt for Gentiles (see also § 5 ); that a ‘strictly historical Interpretation of the narrative is beset with difficulties’; that the facts it purports to record receive no substantiation from such books as Chron
Worship - Corporate worship is empowered by personal experience, but personal experience needs affirmation and Interpretation in corporate worship
Ministry, Minister - ); and ministry to the congregation (tongues, Interpretation of tongues, etc
Titus, Theology of - Lenski, Interpretation of Colossians, Thessalonians, First and Second Timothy, Titus, Philemon; W
Manifestation - That passage would seem to indicate a bodily appearance; but our Lord’s explanation contradicts such an Interpretation
Spirits in Prison - It remains to summarize the principal Interpretations that the phrase has received. Augustine’s Interpretation has had a wide influence, but it must be dismissed as inconsistent with the whole tenor of 1 Peter 3:17 f
Arabia, Arabs - version, incorrectly takes ‘arâb as a proper name Hegesippus, Father of Church History - " Much as the Interpretation of these words has been disputed, it does not seem difficult to gather that Hegesippus means that the list of bishops compiled by him at Rome was drawn from the authentic records of the church there. It is much the more probable inference therefore that Hegesippus refers to this Gnostic misinterpretation of the words and not to St
Simeon - There are schools and systems of Interpretation of Scripture; there are schools and systems of philosophy; and of this and that, in which this prophecy uttered by Simeon that day, is still being fulfilled
Aquila And Priscilla - Subsequent events throw doubt on the ability of this couple, who were themselves recent converts, to educate the eloquent Alexandrian in the Pauline Interpretation of the gospel
Aetius, Arian Sect Founder And Head - Aetius tried his polemic powers against his benefactor, whom he put to public shame by the confutation of his Interpretation of Scripture
Wise, Skilled - The prerequisite is a desire to follow and imitate God as He has revealed Himself in Jesus Christ, without self-reliance and especially not in a spirit of pride: “A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels: to understand a proverb, and the Interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings
Inspiration - The same Spirit who inspired the writers enlightens believers as they read, and they receive the words of the Bible as God’s final authority (1618106538_88; 1 John 2:26-27; 1 John 5:7; 1 John 5:10; see Interpretation)
John, Gospel of - ...
John’s concern with the Interpretation of events showed itself also in the way he recorded some of Jesus’ lengthy conversations with people (e
Parents (2) - His reply is, perhaps, capable of metaphorical Interpretation: ‘Think not only of the dead, remember the needs of the living
Holy Spirit (2) - It is clear that, very various experiences are described in this way, and sometimes we cannot refrain from asking whether experiences which one writer recounts without any reference to the Spirit would not have been explained as ‘pneumatic’ by another; or vice versa, whether experiences ascribed to the Spirit by one writer would not in another have found a different Interpretation. But it may fairly be said that some of the ideas which Christians subsequently connected with their own baptism were not without relation to the baptism of Jesus and to the Interpretation which they put upon it. The Holy Spirit receives here a certain Interpretation from being contrasted with an ‘unclean’ spirit
John (the Apostle) - In his preface to his Expositions of the Oracles of the Lord he says:...
‘But I shall not hesitate also to put down for you along with my Interpretations whatsoever things I have at any time learned carefully from the elders and carefully remembered, guaranteeing their truth. ...
A just Interpretation of these words must allow for a distinction between the Apostle John and the Presbyter John, but the inference based on the tense of the verb in the sentence, ‘What things Aristion and the Presbyter John, the disciples of the Lord, say,’—that Papias was actually a hearer of the Presbyter,—is very questionable. If this Interpretation of the words of Papias be true, then it affords no evidence that Papias was a hearer of the Presbyter John. 147–151) of an interpolation, and that Papias was really referring to the Baptist; but the more probable explanation is that the statement arose from a desire to find a fulfilment of Mark 10:38-39, and a mistaken Interpretation of the word μαρτυρῶν, which in its earlier sense did not necessarily involve death
Fall - ...
Support is given to this Interpretation of the evidence by Weber’s summary of the teaching of the Talmud (Altsyn. ’ To this Interpretation two objections from the context may be urged. … This attractive Interpretation of St
Valentinus, Founder of a Gnostic Sect - " An Interpretation of these sayings current in the Valentinian school is appended. According to this Interpretation, flesh is the ὕλη which depends upon the soul (the psychical nature) of the Demiurge. If this Interpretation be, as we may assume, correct, Valentinus must have conceived the whole universe as forming a grand scale of being, beginning with the abysmal ground of all spiritual life, and thence descending lower and lower down to matter
Revelation, Theology of - Its large predictive element supports this thrust, a point that is important for its balanced Interpretation. If we recognize this phenomenon in blocks of visionary material where the beast is a major character (11:1-13; chaps 12-14; 17:1-20:6), our Interpretation will follow the author's own clues and maintain the book's relevance for its original hearers
Light - ...
This latter idea, without the moral counsel, is reproduced by Mark 4:21 (= Luke 8:16) as a sequel to the Interpretation of the parable of the Seeds, as if to suggest that such knowledge as had just been imparted to the disciples was not to be kept to themselves but to be diffused like light (cf. This, however, cannot be the original sense of the saying, and there is no reason why one should give up the Interpretation which makes the lamp here equivalent to the teaching of Jesus or the knowledge of the gospel (see Expos
Alpha And Omega (2) - , show the early prevalence of this Interpretation of Daniel 10:21 ‘I shall show thee what is marked upon the writing of truth (בכחב אמת), as the signum of God; for, says Simon hen Lakish, “א is the first, מ the middle, and ח the last letter of the alphabet. 8) presents a different Interpretation. In Gnostic circles speculative and cosmological Interpretations are unbridled
Nebuchadnezzar - 'This is the Interpretation, O king, and this is the decree of the Most High: that they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass like an ox, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever He will. Then, again, after his great dream, and its Interpretation to the destruction of his kingdom, 'King Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face, and worshipped Daniel, and commanded that they should offer an oblation and sweet odours unto Daniel
Egypt - For a summary of the respective merits of Young and Champollion with regard to the Interpretation of Egyptian hieroglyphics, see Allibone's Dictionary of Authors, vol. These were compared with other framed symbols on an obelisk found at Philæ, and after a time the true Interpretation of these signs discovered, so that scholars can now read most of these hieroglyphic signs with great accuracy
Manicheans - They gave their own Interpretation to the symbols of the suffering Son of Man in the Lord's Supper (cf. —The Manicheans had their own peculiar rites, though their mystical Interpretation of language enabled them to hold the highest position in the Christian ministry, as in an-Nadim's time, a
Necessity - Applying the same principle to the Interpretation of the apparently deterministic passages quoted above, we conclude that Ephesians 1:4; Ephesians 3:11 etc. ...
As a child of twelve, He was already conscious, according to one Interpretation of Luke 2:49 (see (Revised Version margin) ), of the necessity of being about His Father’s business, and the same idea frequently recurs during the ministry
Moses - Behind this dominant scene of violence and death lies a different Interpretation of the Exodus event
Bereans - In proof of this, they not only urge the words of the apostle, that no prophecy is of any private Interpretation, but they insist that the whole of the quotations from the ancient prophecies in the New Testament, and particularly those from the Psalms, are expressly applied to Christ
Inspiration of Scripture - Its weakness is that it overlooks the problem of opposing viewpoints among believers and that it reduces biblical writers to the level of all Christian Interpretation and proclamation
Devil - Psalm 109:6 apparently describes the human accuser in a trial (NAS; NIV; NRSV) despite a traditional Interpretation as Satan (KJV)
Truth - (This passage is sometimes taken as asserting the identity of Jesus and the Christ, but the old reading and Interpretation seem preferable
Voice (2) - Its Interpretation is left to the conscience of catholic Israel
Law, Ten Commandments, Torah - He rejected their Interpretation of the sabbath Law and said that the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath (Matthew 12:8 ); that the sabbath was made for man and not man for the sabbath (Mark 2:27 ); and He taught that it was permissible to do good on the sabbath (Mark 3:4 )
Incest - " This penalty has often been interpreted to be excommunication (a punishment for incest found in Hittite laws and an Interpretation held by the Qumran community) or even the death penalty. Therefore, two other Interpretations fit the evidence better. ...
Recognition of the above Old Testament theological principle sheds light on a difficult passage in 1 Corinthians 5:1-5 involving incest, a passage that has received various Interpretations
Pharisees - It is probably related to the Hebrew root prs [ John 7:49 )? From Gentiles or Jews who embraced the Hellenistic culture? From certain political groups? All these groups of people the Pharisees would have been determined to avoid in their resolution to separate themselves from any type of impurity proscribed by the levitical law—or, more specifically, their strict Interpretation of it. Although the phrase "Oral Law" is not used, it appears Josephus understood that the Pharisees affirmed a body of traditional Interpretations, applications, and expansions of the Old Testament law communicated orally. The Pharisees developed their own body of Interpretations, expansions, and applications of the Law that they came to regard as of divine origin (Mishnah, Aboth, 1:1)
Priest, Christ as - This apparently was the consensus of rabbinic Interpretation at the time of Jesus, for this Old Testament verse is the most frequently quoted in the New Testament (Matthew 22:44 ; Mark 12:36 ; Luke 20:42-43 ; Acts 2:34-35 ; Hebrews 1:13 )
Luke (2) - This is almost certainly due to a mistaken Interpretation of Acts 13:1, where a different person, with a different name, Lucius, is mentioned
Christian - This Antioch school of theology represented a type of Interpretation more akin to modern thought than any other in those days
Augustinus, Archbaptist of Canterbury - By a playful Interpretation of the word he was reminded of angels , delivered from wrath, with songs of hallelujah
Consecrate, Consecration (2) - ἑγὼ ἐκουσίως θυσιάζω ἑμαυτόν), and as connotiog the idea of expiatory sacrifice, support their Interpretation by references to OT passages in which ἁγιάζειν (= הקְרִּישׁ) is a sacred word for sacrifices, as,
Africanus, Julius - ), see Mill, On the Mythical Interpretation of the Gospels, p
Discipleship - The fact that we speak of ‘following an example’ too often leads to the misinterpretation of this pregnant call to discipleship which was so characteristic of the Lord Jesus. Rightly read, it gives the Lord’s own Interpretation of how discipleship is constituted
Divorce (2) - Thus He tacitly takes sides with the severer school of Interpretation of Deuteronomy 24, and acknowledges the permanent validity of that Law thus interpreted in a strict sense, which immediately before He had criticised as an accommodation to a rude state of social life
Proverbs, the Book of - ...
In Proverbs 1:6 "dark sayings" (chidah ) are another form of proverbs, the enigmatical obscurity being designed to stimulate reflection (Habakkuk 2:6; Judges 14; 1 Kings 10:1; 2 Chronicles 9:1; Ezekiel 17:2; Psalms 78:2); the melitsah (Proverbs 1:6), "interpretation" (so Chald
Bread - So mean and contemptible, in the estimation of the numerous and well-appointed armies of Midian, was Gideon, with his handful of undisciplined militia, that he seems to have been compared to bread of this inferior quality, which may account for the ready Interpretation of the dream of the Midianite respecting him: "And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along
Priest - ‘ Order ,’ it must be kept in mind, does not here refer to ministry, but to the high priest’s personality a fact which, when clearly perceived, saves us from much confusion in the Interpretation of this Epistle
Clean, Cleanness - They were ultimately capable of a moral Interpretation, since in the holy nation secular and spiritual matters were closely connected
Christ, Christology - ...
A key passage that summarizes the risen Christ's own Interpretation of his completed messiahship is the Emmaus saying of Luke 24:25-27 : "'How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?' And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. " Jesus also promises that his disciples will receive the gift of reliable remembrance and accurate Interpretation ("All this I have spoken while still with you
Canon of the Old Testament - 200, the Prophets ( Nebîîm ), including the prophetic Interpretation of history in the four books Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings had been constituted into a second canonical group; by b. The Interpretation of the OT must differ among Jews and Christians
Holy, Holiness - The pagan format of a "below-above" Interpretation of reality, which scholars have called a "continuous" worldview, was challenged by the audacious claim of Israel to be created by and related to the only Holy One. This purity far exceeds mere cultic Interpretation
Sibylline Oracles - ]'>[11] who were officially responsible for the Interpretation of the oracles and for the application of their mysterious commands to the national life. The same difficulty emerges in the Interpretation of iii
Guilt (2) - And the Interpretation given by our Lord Himself in the case of the paralytic seems to be decisive. In some passages, apart from other considerations, the term admits of this Interpretation (e
Logia - The true Interpretation of these logia is matter of tradition transmitted through (1) the Apostles, (2) the Elders ‘the disciples of these’ (lege οἱ τούτων—8c. ...
The correspondence of Papias’ tradition of the Matthaean syntagma with known Palestinian conditions is strongly confirmatory both of the tradition itself and of that Interpretation of it which emphasizes the distinction between catechetic works and Gospels of the evangelistic type
Lord's Supper. (i.) - At present the discussion is even more vital, for it is a matter not of Interpretation only, but of the trustworthiness of the sources. With respect to this also we must assume that Jesus was a creator of spiritual truth, for the consistency of the Synoptic portraiture of Jesus, and the purity of His own views as to His mission, demand that our Interpretation of His outlook into the future of the Kingdom should not be limited by the current ideas of Jewish apocalypses, or by the literal symbolism of OT prophecy. That it was a mark of supreme wisdom thus to perpetuate the significance of His death for the completion of His Kingdom in concrete symbolism, is evident from their misinterpretation of their Lord’s promise as to the future of His Kingdom on earth and His own return; but we are led to expect only such words and symbolic action as would illuminate the spiritual idea of the Kingdom; not precepts and ritual ordinance for its external organization. Just as He has provided the new Israel with a new conception of worship (Matthew 6:1-18, John 4:21-24), a new standard of righteousness (Matthew 5:17-48), and a reinterpretation of the Sabbath (1618106538_72; Mark 3:1-5), so now He transfigures, while yet He preserves the identity of, the central institution of Israel’s national life
Parable - Thus in the parable of the Sower ( Matthew 13:1-8 ) the kinds of soil in the narrative are related to certain distinctions of character in the Interpretation ( Matthew 13:19-28 ), The teaching value thus created came from an appeal to the uniformity of nature. Certain points are merely selected and dwelt upon as in the Interpretation of a parable story previously given
Samuel, Books of - A late Jewish Interpretation regarded it as declaring Samuel’s authorship of the narrative; but this is impossible, in view of the fact that the history extends through the reign of David, long after the death of Samuel ( 1 Samuel 25:1 )
Ebla - The decipherment, study, and Interpretation of the Eblaite records promises a panoramic historical setting for the emerging Semitic world over five hundred years before the Hebrew patriarchs
Predestination - Interpretations are easier after the fact. A better Interpretation of these passages is to say that God used what Esau and Pharaoh had become
Elder - Hendriksen, Exposition of the Pastoral Epistles ; idem, More Than Conquerors: An Interpretation of the Book of Revelation ; G
Worldliness - Paul’s utterances, evoked by special emergencies and motives, might plausibly be construed in an opposite sense, his wider ethical doctrine repudiates such Interpretation
Vengeance (2) - The permission, even encouragement, of retaliation by the OT, and still more the Interpretations, exaggerations, limitations of the scribes and Pharisees, Christ swept away with an authority which astounded His hearers. It is this new spirit that is the supreme moral difficulty; it is here that all questions of Interpretation and application must find their solution
Mediator, Mediation - ...
For Paul and the author of Hebrews, therefore, Christ's role as mediator received a covenantal Interpretation that echoes the Old Testament at every step
King - On the literal Interpretation of Colossians 1:13, the Kingdom of the Son is present even now, and believers are already translated into it (so Lightfoot and Haupt, while others interpret the phrase proleptically)
Abiding - The difficulties besetting the Interpretation of these discourses are familiar to all students of the Fourth Gospel, and need not be dealt with here
Confession (of Sin) - But against such an Interpretation must be set the attitude of John both when Jesus first came to him (Matthew 3:14) and afterwards (John 1:29), the language of Jesus to the Baptist (Matthew 3:15), the descent of the Spirit (Matthew 3:16), and the voice from heaven (Matthew 3:17)
Scribes - " But Maurer, "the false pen of the scribes (persons skilled in expounding) has converted it (the law) into a lie," namely, by false Interpretations. " The spoken language was becoming Aramaic, so that at this time an Interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures, the basis of their national and religious restoration, was a primary necessity to the exiles just returned from Babylon (Nehemiah 8:8-13)
Dead, the - ’ We are not, however, to allow a literal Interpretation of His language in this connexion to dominate our appreciation of what the Gospels afford as regards belief concerning the state of the dead
Judgment - In support of their Interpretation, they appeal to the ancient Jewish prophecies, where, as they contend, the revolutions in the political state of empires and nations are foretold in the same forms of expression with those introduced in Peter's prediction
Reconciliation - The feeble criticism of Socinus, on this passage, in which he has been followed by his adherents to this day, is thus answered by Grotius: "In this passage the dative Θεω , to God, can only be governed by the verb αποκαταλλαξη , that he might reconcile; for the Interpretation of Socinus, which makes to God stand by itself, or that to reconcile to God is to reconcile them among themselves, that they might serve God, is distorted and without example
Ebla - The decipherment, study, and Interpretation of the Eblaite records promises a panoramic historical setting for the emerging Semitic world over five hundred years before the Hebrew patriarchs
Ecclesiastes - In Ecclesiastes 2:12 (according to the most probable Interpretation of the verse) the writer appears to throw off the impersonation
Education - In the Beth hammidrash (house of study) the exclusive subjects of study were the Interpretation of the OT, and the art of applying the regulations of the Torah, by means of certain exegetical canons, to the minutest details of the life of the time
Abiding - The difficulties besetting the Interpretation of these discourses are familiar to all students of the Fourth Gospel, and need not be dealt with here
Methodius - There is nothing in Methodius's confutations of Origen inconsistent with his having felt warm admiration for the man; and he has certainly followed him in his allegorical method of Interpretation
Art - ’ The office of art, Westcott continues, is ‘to present the truth of things under the aspect of beauty’: the effect of Christianity upon art is that of ‘a new birth, a transfiguration of all human powers by the revelation of their divine connexions and destiny’; and thus ‘Christian art is the Interpretation of beauty in life under the light of the Incarnation. This art is marked by simplicity, happiness, and peace; it deals only with such OT and NT and other subjects as could bear a mystical Interpretation in connexion with the deliverance and happiness of the departed through the power of Christ and the grace of the sacraments. It would be an easier matter to have executed in the public studios a subject that could bear a pagan Interpretation; and thus it is that we do find a statue of the Good Shepherd which probably belongs to the 3rd cent
Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons - Irenaeus meets them by stating the characteristics of genuine apostolic tradition as ensuring the right Interpretation of Holy Scripture. Paul had emphasized the antithesis between law and gospel, the Gentile churches after his time attached themselves more closely to the doctrinal norm of the older apostles, and laid stress on the continued validity of the law for Christians; though, as it was impossible to bind Gentiles to observe the ceremonial law, its precepts were given, after the example of the Jewish religious philosophy of Alexandria, a spiritual Interpretation. The theological learning of the time confines itself too exclusively to a typological Interpretation of O
Inspiration - Inspiration was claimed by the Apostles: and their claim may be considered as the Interpretation of the promise of their Master. Randolph, in the first volume of his works, which contains a history of our Saviour's life, supports the first opinion, and suggests a punctuation of the verses, and an Interpretation of one word, according to which that opinion may be defended. If this Interpretation is not approved of, then, according to the sense of those verses which is most commonly adopted, St
Neology - The general statements of the innovators amount to this, that the divines of the age of which we speak had neither the inclination nor the power to do any thing but fortify their own systems, which were dogmatical, and not to search out truth for themselves from Scripture; that theology, as a science, was left from the epoch of the Reformation as it had been received from the schoolmen; that the Interpretation of the Bible was made the slave, not the mistress, of dogmatical theology, as it ought to be. In plain words they assumed, as the very basis of their Scriptural Interpretations, the blasphemous principle, that our Lord and his Apostles taught, or, at least, connived at doctrines absolutely false, rather than they would consent to shock the prejudices of their hearers! This principle is shown at length by Mr. Tittman of Dresden, on the neological interpreters: "What is the Interpretation of the Scriptures, if it relies not on words, but things, not on the assistance of languages, but on the decrees of reason, that is, of modern philosophy? What is all religion, what the knowledge of divine things, what are faith and hope placed in Christ, what is all Christianity, if human reason and philosophy is the only fountain of divine wisdom, and the supreme judge in the matter of religion? What is the doctrine of Christ and the Apostles more than some philosophical system? But what, then, I pray you, is, to deny, to blaspheme Jesus the Lord, to render his divine mission doubtful, nay, vain and useless, to impugn his doctrine, to disfigure it shamefully, to attack it, to expose it to ridicule, and, if possible, to suppress it, to remove all Christianity out of religion, and to bound religion within the narrow limits of reason alone, to deride miracles, and hold them up to derision, to accuse them as vain, to bring them into disrepute, to torture sacred Scripture into seeming agreement with the fancies of human wisdom, to alloy it with human conjectures, to bring it into contempt, and to break down its divine authority, to undermine, to shake, to overthrow utterly the foundations of Christian faith? What else can be the event than this, as all history, a most weighty witness in this matter, informs us, namely, that when sacred Scripture, its grammatical Interpretation and a sound knowledge of languages are, as it were, despised and banished, all religion should be contemned, shaken, corrupted, troubled, undermined, utterly overturned, and should be entirely removed and reduced to natural religion; or that it should end in a mystical theology, than which nothing was ever more pernicious to the Christian doctrine, and be converted into an empty μυχιλαγε , or even into a poetical system, hiding every thing in figures and fictions, to which latter system not a few of the sacred orators and theologians of our time seem chiefly inclined
Paul (2) - The disciple could not do this; but when, at a critical stage in his career, he found himself in collision with the letter of the older Scriptures, he showed great skill in turning the edge of the arguments directed against him, by the use of current methods of Interpretation. —Generally speaking, the Apostle was in regard to the Interpretation of the OT at the common level of his time. His methods are not exactly those which the Christian exegete of to-day cannot help adopting; but, as he had the heart of the matter, and the OT writers also had in their measure the heart of the matter, his Interpretations are really in harmony with all that was best in them. ...
It was not, however, purely a question of Interpretation
Magic, Divination, And Sorcery - In this early period of Israelitish history we find divination by teraphim , the Interpretation of dreams, and necromancy, besides the authorized means of inquiry of God. The word is used respecting the deception practised by lower prophets, as in Numbers 24:3 ; Numbers 24:16 , where reference is apparently made to the seer receiving the intimation in a trance, but the Interpretation is not quite certain (see Gray, Numbers , p
Marriage - Legislation (see below, § 6) safeguarded the rights of various wives, slave or free; and according to the Rabbinic Interpretation of Leviticus 21:13 the high priest was not allowed to be a bigamist. Its possibility is implied by the technical continuance of the Levirate law, and is proved by the early Interpretation of Psalms 45:13-153 , whether correct or not (§ 8)
Type - And, if the authority of Jesus Himself had been required for the adoption of a definitely typological Interpretation of OT history, the apostles and other NT writers might recall His use of Jonah’s experience to typify His own (Matthew 12:40), of the wisdom of Solomon to suggest the wisdom of One greater than Solomon (Matthew 12:42), of the flood that came in the days of Noah to prefigure the coming of the Son of Man (Matthew 24:37 ff. -In this Epistle we find the typological Interpretation of the OT carried to its fullest results
Sanctify, Sanctification - Thus arose the Pharisaic Interpretation of piety as rigid obedience to the Law. But such an Interpretation is entirely opposed to the spirit of Jesus, and would have been inexplicable to the people addressed
Righteousness - The larger Interpretation of the three terms is not, of course, to be ruled out, especially as all three have been already conjoined in Romans 5:1, and as the distinctively religious basis would never be far from St. Paul’s point, even on the ‘ethical’ Interpretation of his words; he was not opposing conduct to supernaturalism in thus defining the nature of the reign
Hellenistic And Biblical Greek - , every ἵνα in Biblical Greek as having the force of the classical final ἵνα-a fact which has a direct bearing upon biblical Interpretation. as ‘stench,’ ‘filth’-an Interpretation which at least merits the attention of exegetes
Galatians Epistle to the - This is also a possible Interpretation of the generally accepted reading. The witness of the Law against itself is illustrated by an allegorical Interpretation of the story of Sarah and Hagar
Life - The precise meaning to be attached to ‘the world to come’ in which this ‘life’ will be imparted, depends on our Interpretation of the general conception of the Kingdom of God. Doctrines which are presented theologically on the lines of the Logos hypothesis are also capable of a purely religious Interpretation
Little Ones - The connexion of this whole passage with the opening verses of the chapter, where a ‘little child’ is presented as a type of the children of the Kingdom, seems to many to require this Interpretation, and the parallel passages, Mark 9:37; Mark 9:42, Luke 9:48; Luke 17:2 to add their support to it. Thus the Interpretation suggested of the passage in Matthew is confirmed by the very language of the passage in Mark
Barnabas, Epistle of - Yet, after all, is it not the time rather than the writer that is here in fault? It is unfair to take as our standard of judgment the principles of Interpretation just now prevailing. We must transfer ourselves into the early Christian age, and remember the spirit of Interpretation that then prevailed. ...
Finally, we are too prone to forget that the substance of Christian truth may be held by others in connexion with misapprehensions, imperfections, misinterpretations, of Scripture, absurd and foolish views, in connexion with which it would be wholly impossible for us to hold it
Ephraim (4) the Syrian - ...
As a commentator Ephrem holds a middle place between the literal Interpretation of Theodore of Mopsuestia and the allegorical method of Origen. " Benedict, followed by Lengerke, instead of ecclesiastical translates historical ; what Ephrem really says is that there is first the literal Interpretation, and secondly a spiritual one, which generally refers to the church
Canon - " In confirmation of this Interpretation, we can adduce the old Syriac version, which, having been made soon after the days of the Apostles, is good testimony in relation to this matter of fact. Many learned Protestants, also, have embraced the same Interpretation; while others suppose that St
Philippians Epistle to the - There is some doubt as to the Interpretation of the passage. Zahn has used this clue in the Interpretation of the letter (cf
Son, Sonship - Christ’s Interpretation of the Fifth Commandment as involving the duty of helping and supporting parents in case of need, is accompanied by a biting denunciation of the Pharisaic ruling that such duty could be nullified by a vow (Mark 7:10 ff
Captivity - The Jews' language became then much affected by Chaldaisms (Nehemiah 8:7-8), so that they could no longer understand, without Interpretation, the pure Hebrew of the law
Gnosticism - The expansion of Christianity from Palestine and its Jewish world of thought to the Roman Empire where Greek thought reigned called for an Interpretation of Christianity that was more understandable
Apostle - ...
Apostolic Authority Having direct knowledge of the incarnate Word, and being sent out as authorized agets of the gospel, the apostles provided the authentic Interpretation of the life and teaching of Jesus
Elijah - Israel now saw the mediation of God's will in history and the Interpretation of his divine will
Miracles - These works, which are instances of πνευματικά or spiritual [4], include healings and other ‘powers,’ speaking with tongues and Interpretation of tongues, and prophecy
Mammon - ...
On this Interpretation ‘the mammon of unrighteousness’ does not mean money or worldly advantages wrongfully gained, as though the point of the parable were that wealth, dishonestly come by, should be disbursed in charity (so Strauss, and O
Apostolic Fathers - But in the first place the context shews that this literal Interpretation is out of place and the passage must be explained as follows: "I do not make any strange statements nor indulge in unreasonable questionings but having learnt my lessons from the Apostles (lit
Death (2) - This is doubtless the true Interpretation of the warning, ‘Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish
Gelasius (1) i, Bishop of Rome - ) remarks on the contrast between the Interpretation of the type of Melchizedek and that given in the 13th cent
Alexandria - The results of the allegorical method of Interpretation, however, were seen in Christian Church history
Genealogy - So generally, though no uniform Interpretation of the genealogies is possible, a marriage will often point to the incorporation of new elements into the tribe, a birth to a fresh subdivision or migration, or an unfruitful marriage to the disappearance of a clan
Ave Maria - ...
As their power of spiritual perception increased, the disciples learnt to apprehend and accept the startling renovation, the sudden depth, and the delightful expansion that the Master gave to old religious truths, but there were always meanings about which they had to seek an Interpretation in private, and to the end of their fellowship they had often to confess that they knew not what He said
Bishop, Elder, Presbyter - ‘The invariable practice’ of the writer of that book ‘forbids such an Interpretation’ (Swete on Revelation 1:20), Excepting James, and perhaps ‘the Elder’ in 3 Jn
Nineveh - Whether these words imply that even the site of Nineveh would in future ages be uncertain or unknown; or, as they rather seem to intimate, that every vestige of the palaces of its monarchs, of the greatness of its nobles, and of the wealth of its numerous merchants, would wholly disappear; the truth of the prediction cannot be invalidated under either Interpretation
Reason - If any such contradiction appear, there must be some mistake; by not making a proper use of our reason in the Interpretation of the Gospel, we suppose that it contains doctrines which it does not teach; or we give the name of right reason to some narrow prejudices which deeper reflection, and more enlarged knowledge, will dissipate; or we consider a proposition as implying a contradiction, when, in truth, it is only imperfectly understood
Nin'Eveh - Rawlinson and those who concur in his Interpretation of the cuneiform characters, each group of mounds already mentioned represents a separate and distinct city
Perfect Perfection - ’ According to this Interpretation, the Apostle is anxious for the restoration of the Church to complete harmony
Lust - The Revised Version is not decided on the Interpretation, and has substituted ‘long’ for ‘lust. Jowett, Interpretation of Scripture and other Essays, London, n
Joshua - The mystical Interpretation here tells us that pride was the sin of the Amorite, and envy the sin of the Hittite, and wrath of the Perizzite, and gluttony and lechery of the Girgashite and the Hivite, while covetousness and sloth were the corruptions of the Canaanite and the Jebusite. And then that same method of Interpretation passes on to this, that many young men when they first enter on their inexperience of sanctification are cheated into sparing some of their pride under this disguise, and some of their envy under that
Offence (2) - ’ Luke 8:13 gives the correct Interpretation: ‘in time of temptation they fall away. (For the Interpretation of the decree, practically in this sense, see Lightfoot, Galatians, 306 ff
Rufinus of Aquileia - ]'>[1] Paulinus begged his assistance in the Interpretation of the blessing upon Judah in Genesis 49 , and, some months later, of the rest of the blessings on the patriarchs. 57) sanctioned a mode of Interpretation almost as loose as that of Rufinus
Disciple, Discipleship - The significance of Matthew's Interpretation of the meaning of Jesus' name, "Immanuel, " therefore, cannot be overstated: "The virgin will be with Child and will give birth to a Son, and they will call him Immanuel'which means, God with us'" (Matthew 1:23 )
Name, Names - A few, of peculiarly difficult Interpretation, point to family relationships: Ahab = ‘father’s brother,’ but the question is whether it signifies ‘uncle’ or whether it is an indication that the child closely resembles his father or is to be as a brother to him
King, Christ as - Perrin, Jesus and the Language of the Kingdom: Symbol and Metaphor in New Testament Interpretation ; R
Altar - The Interpretation which makes "altar" the Lord's table is opposed to the scope of the Epistle to the Heb
the Angel of the Church in Thyatira - ...
There is still left one more of those cruxes of Interpretation that had almost turned me away from this Epistle to the minister of Thyatira altogether
Benediction - Matthew 19:13 may be regarded as an Interpretation of Mark 10:16; benedictions of persons are intercessory prayers on their behalf
Carpocrates, Philospher - ...
The doctrine of the duty of despising the rulers of the world received among the Carpocratians an Interpretation which enabled them to practise immorality without scruple
Cabbala - a mysterious kind of science, delivered to the ancient Jews, as they pretend, by revelation, and transmitted by oral tradition to those of our times; serving for the Interpretation of the books both of nature and Scripture. After this period, when the sects of the Essenes and Therapeutae were formed in Egypt, foreign tenets and institutions were borrowed from the Egyptians and Greeks; and, in the form of allegorical Interpretations of the law, were admitted into what might then be called the Jewish mysteries, or secret doctrines. Among the explications of the law which are furnished by the cabbala, and which, in reality, are little else but the several Interpretations and decisions of the rabbins on the laws of Moses, some are mystical; consisting of odd abstruse significations given to a word, or even to the letters whereof it is composed: whence, by different combinations, they draw meanings from Scripture very different from those it seems naturally to import. Both are supposed to have been handed down from generation to generation by oral tradition only, till at length the readings were fixed by the vowels and accents, as the Interpretations were by the gemara
Swedenborgians - Many true things are said also of the figurative and typical character of the word of God; but the Interpretation of it in this view runs into the wildest extravagance for want of principles; while the whole is clothed with mysticism on the one hand, and gross and carnal conceptions of spiritual things on the other
Propitiation - The concession is important; and the comment cannot weaken it, because of its absurdity; for, in that Interpretation of propitiation, Moses, or any of the Apostles, or any minister of the Gospel now, who succeeds in bringing sinners to repentance, is as truly a propitiation for sin as Christ himself
Deuteronomy - ...
The Song (Deuteronomy 32:1-43 ), with its double introduction ( 1618106538_6 ; Deuteronomy 31:30 ) and close ( Deuteronomy 32:44 ), is a didactic poem, giving an Interpretation of Israel’s entire history, and bearing traces of influence from the Wisdom literature
Benediction - Matthew 19:13 may be regarded as an Interpretation of Mark 10:16; benedictions of persons are intercessory prayers on their behalf
Mystery - Manifestly an Interpretation of parabolic utterance which supposes it adopted in order to fulfil the prophetic sentence of judicial blindness on Israel cannot be attributed to Jesus, since the end sought in the parables themselves is the reverse of intentional obscurity
Aristion (Aristo) - 39), Papias of Hierapolis in his five books of Interpretations (var. Interpretation) of the Lord’s Oracles ‘referred frequently by name’ to ‘Aristion and the Elder John’ as his authorities. ...
On this Interpretation, Aristion and John were members of the group which perpetuated the traditions of the Apostles (in Palestine?) until Papias’ day (cf
Ideas (Leading) - ...
But we cannot found our Interpretation of our Lord’s teaching on a single passage, especially when we are dealing with a leading conception which was always more or less in His mind. ’ The idea expressed in this Beatitude is one of the most fundamental in the Interpretation of the Law in terms of the gospel
Corinthians, First Epistle to the - If, however, we take the more usual Interpretation that there were four parties, we may ask what lines of thought they severally represented. , in this connexion, the Interpretation of Scripture and of Christian doctrine) as superior to speaking with tongues, because it edifies all present
Sexuality, Human - "Gender" will be used to describe the Interpretation given sexual distinctions and the roles assigned them in a given social setting. This Interpretation does not do exegetical justice to the narrative, for the loneliness described in 2:18-20 would be incomprehensible for a sexually undifferentiated creature unaware that he/she was lacking a sexual counterpart
Eschatology (2) - The Interpretation is current. The utmost perhaps which we can affirm is that it was largely believed that the origin of the Messiah would be mysterious (John 7:27), and that this belief rested in all probability directly on the Messianic Interpretation of Daniel 7:13 ff
Gospel (2) - It is certain that His followers accepted this Interpretation of the cross. But their Interpretation of this command was to urge their hearers to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ (Acts 16:31)
Man - These two developments, separately and in union, formed a most important contribution to the Christian Interpretation of human nature. The fact that, at its culmination, God shall be all in all (1 Corinthians 15:28) is significant of the whole character of this Interpretation of life
Magi - ...
In what sense, then, did the author of Matthew 2 understand the term? The majority of the Fathers affix the worst Interpretation, and lay stress on the idea that magic was overthrown by the advent of Christ (Ign. He appears, on the contrary, to use the term in the general sense of sages from the East, who busied themselves with astronomy (Matthew 2:2; Matthew 2:7; Matthew 2:9-10) and perhaps with the Interpretation of dreams (Matthew 2:12)
Calendar, the Christian - ...
The first mention of the ‘Lord’s Day’ by name is Revelation 1:10, if indeed this is the right Interpretation (ἐγενόμην ἐν πνεύματι ἐν τῇ κυριακῇ ἡμέρᾳ). The last two Interpretations may be dismissed as having no support from the earliest ecclesiastical writings. The more probable Interpretation of the phrase in question is therefore the first mentioned above
John, Epistles of - ’ On the other hand, it is urged that this mystical Interpretation destroys the simplicity and natural meaning of the letter (see especially 1 Peter 5:5 ; 1 Peter 5:10 ), that the church being constituted of members, the distinction between the ‘lady’ and her ‘children’ would disappear, and that if the lady be a private person of influence the parallel with the form of salutation to another private person in the Third Epistle is complete. This hypothesis still leaves difficulty in the exact Interpretation of the words Eklektç Kyria
Dream (2) - The Interpretation of really God-sent dreams belonged solely to God Himself, the sender, and only His messengers could read their purport. 142)—those in which direct Divine revelations are communicated (Genesis 15:12; Genesis 20:3; Genesis 20:6; Genesis 28:12; Genesis 31:10-11, 1 Kings 3:5, Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:12-13; Matthew 2:19; Matthew 2:22; Matthew 27:19) and symbolical dreams which receive Divine Interpretations (Jeremiah 23:25; Genesis 37:10; Genesis 40:5-16; Genesis 41:1; Genesis 41:5, Judges 7:13-15, Daniel 2:1; Daniel 2:3; Daniel 2:26; Daniel 4:5; Daniel 7:1)—only some half-score of clear instances are given. No class or variety of dreams is recommended by them to our scrutiny that we may through this or that method of Interpretation seek guidance from them for our life
Acts of the Apostles (Apocryphal) - ]'>[2] who claimed some connexion with Leucius, which Pacian denied; and the natural Interpretation of his words seems to be that he regarded Leucius as an orthodox Christian to whom the Montanists tried to attach their origin; but the passage is obscure:...
‘Et primum hi plurimis utuntur auctoribus; nam puto et Graecus Blastus ipsorum est. 53), who thinks that it probably, though not certainly, implies that Euodius also regarded Leucius as the author of a corpus of Acts, but argues that this opinion was probably based only on an Interpretation of the passage of Augustine quoted above
Joseph - His Interpretation of their dreams, the vine with three branches and the pressing the grape juice into Pharaoh's cup, and the three baskets of white bread (the Egyptians being noted for their fancy bread and pastry) out the uppermost of which the birds ate, came to pass; Pharaoh restored the chief cupbearer, and decapitated the chief baker. ...
Having in vain consulted his magicians or "sacred scribes" (chartumim , "bearers of spells"; the "sorcerers" do not occur until Exodus 7:11), Pharaoh through Joseph learned the Interpretation, that seven years of famine (doubtless owing to failure of the Nile's overflow) should succeed to and consume all the stores remaining from the seven plenteous years
Spinning And Weaving - That the Hebrews were early familiar with it is evident from the incident of Samson and Delilah above referred to, the true Interpretation of which will be given in a later section, 4 ( c )
Canon of the New Testament - If the argument were true the Jews could use it with tenfold power against all Christians, for the Jews unquestionably are the witnesses and transmitters of the Old Testament to us (Romans 3:2); and on Rome's principle we should be bound to accept the Jews' Interpretation of it, renounce Christianity and become Jews
Hymn - It is noteworthy that there seem to be traces in the Midrash on the Psalms of the Messianic Interpretation of Psalms 118:25
Tiberius - Some, however, are of opinion that Justin is referring to official documents, and this is certainly the more natural Interpretation to put upon his language
Chronicles, the Books of - ...
The Books of Samuel the seer, Nathan the prophet, and Gad the seer (1 Chronicles 29:29), furnished information for David's reign; "the book of Nathan," and "the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite," and "the visions of Iddo the seer" (2 Chronicles 9:29), for Solomon's reign; "the story (midrash , 'interpretation') of the prophet Iddo," for king Abijah's "acts, ways, and sayings" (2 Chronicles 12:22)
Salutations - ] This is an ingenious and suggestive Interpretation
Mark, the Gospel of - Gentiles would have especially appreciated Mark's Interpretation of the saying of Jesus which declared all foods clean (Mark 1:4-893 ; compare with Matthew 15:17-20 )
Micah, Theology of - Cuffey, "The Coherence of Micah: A Review of the Proposals and a New Interpretation"; G
Life - Dodd, The Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel ; A
Poetry - In other words, should the expression be taken "literally" (many interpreters prefer either the word "normal" or "plain") or "figuratively"? The second matter concerns the proper Interpretation of the figure once it is identified as such
Hosanna - Matthew’s use of Hosanna with the dative has seemed to render requisite a different Interpretation of the word
Glory - As the inferior and temporary nature of the old dispensation is typified in the veiled and fading splendour of Moses, its mediator, the perfection and permanence of the new are witnessed in the unveiled and eternal glory of Christ, which is reflected partly here, more fully hereafter, on His people (a merely figurative Interpretation is excluded by the very terms εἰκών and δόξα)
Laughter - It were a false propriety which took for granted that an expositor was necessarily off the track, because in his Interpretation of these parables an element of holy playfulness appears blended with the deep seriousness which pervades them throughout
Magnificat - —Our primary interest in the hymn Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55) is centred in the question of (1) its authorship, upon which must largely depend the scope of (2) its Interpretation
Death - We may notice the following points: ( a ) The Pauline doctrine that natural death is the primitive consequence of sin , already referred to, is to be explained as the common Jewish Interpretation of the OT account of the Fall, and finds no direct support in the Gospels
Hermogenes (1), a Teacher of Heretical Doctrine - In the discussion every word in the Mosaic account of creation receives minute examination and there is a good deal of strained verbal Interpretation on both sides
Commandment - Hence Luther’s Interpretation of this commandment is the right one; though, in view of 1 Corinthians 7:17, St
Versions of the Scripture, English - CRANMER'S (passing over TAVERNER'S Edition, 1539, as a reprint of Matthew's, with the notes altered and some omitted) takes precedence of all that had yet been attempted as to detail of Interpretation
Family (Jesus) - Such at least was the Interpretation of later days, when the story was told that beneath the Cross (or even at the Last Supper, acc
Nimrod - ...
Philo Judæus, the father of allegorical Interpretation, has a beautiful tract entitled The Confusion of Languages. But Jacob Behmen, Philo's Teutonic son, far outstrips his Hebrew father in the depth, pungency, directness, and boldness of his Interpretations and his applications
Jephthah - This rendering, and this Interpretation, is warranted by the Levitical law about vows
Daniel, Book of - ...
Daniel 4 : The dream and the Interpretation shows that Nebuchadnezzar himself was thegreat tree to be cut down, and the prophet exhorted him to renounce his sins and reform his ways, and peradventure the judgement might be postponed
Monnica - ...
Such, we believe, is the ordinary Interpretation of the picture; as if it represented the colloquy at Ostia
Presentation - ...
The act of presenting Him would be performed by Joseph (Exodus 13:15) as the putative father, at once the shield of Mary and the protector of her child (Luke 3:23); not by the Virgin, as Cornelius à Lapide assumes, although there is some beauty in his Interpretation of the five shekels, which constituted the redemption money, as ‘symbolizing the Five Wounds at the price whereof Christ redeemed the race of man’ (Com
Profaning, Profanity - Through a mistaken Interpretation of Leviticus 24:16 they forbade the very utterance of the name Jahweh, and so, in the reading of the OT, Adonai or Elohim was invariably substituted
Peace - 78-99) has advocated the former view, but the other Interpretation seems more in keeping with the trend of the passage and the expressions used
Nero - ), and, according to a very early Interpretation of the number of the Best in the Apocalypse (13:18), Neron Ḳesar is there referred to (confirmed by a Western variant, 616, which means the Latin form Nero, as against the Greek form Neron, 666-616 being = 50, represented in Greek by v [1])
Vincentius Lirinensis - Catholics must apply to the Interpretation of Scripture the tests of universality antiquity and consent
Revelation (2) - They have felt, moreover, that this is the only intelligible Interpretation of life; and that without this revelation—for such it is—of its meaning, life would be chaos, and the secret of the future a dreadful and portentous enigma. Their Interpretation leads to new thoughts of God and man, undiscoverable, or at any rate undiscovered, without them; and thus it is that ‘signs’such as the resurrection of Christ (which would be classed as miraculous) or the moral beauty of His life (which some would not regard as necessarily a miracle) form the premises of Christian theology (cf
English Versions - This part of the work is free and vigorous in style, though its Interpretation of the original is often strange, and many sentences in it can have conveyed very little idea of their meaning to its readers. Gasquet also denies that there is any real evidence connecting Wyclif with the production of an English Bible at all; but m order to make good this assertion he has to ignore several passages in Wyclif’s own writings in which he refers to the importance of a vernacular version (to the existence of his own version he could not refer, since that was produced only at the end of his life), and to do violence alike to the proper translation and to the natural Interpretation of passages written by Wyclif’s opponents (Arundel, Knyghton, and the Council of Oxford in 1408) in which Wyclif’s work is mentioned and condemned
Law - The correct Interpretation of Amos 5:24-26 corroborates Jeremiah’s contention. The law stands because the Saviour, in laying down for us the correct lines of its Interpretation has sealed it with the stamp of Divine approval, but also because the conscience and reason of mankind have recognized in its simplicity and comprehensiveness a sublime exposition of man’s duty to his God and to his neighbour; because ‘by manifestation of the truth it has commended itself to every man’s conscience in the sight of God’ (cf
Gospels (Apocryphal) - Where the details are not entirely imaginative, they have their origin in the transformation of utterances of Christ into deeds, or in the literal Interpretation of OT prophecies and Jewish expectations about the Messiah, or in the ascription to Jesus of miracles similar to those recorded in the OT (Hofmann, PRE Joram - According to this Interpretation, the name Jordan may be divided into Jor and Dan, and these two monosyllables denote the two sources of the river. passages]'>[14] arises from a wrong Interpretation, as if the reference here was to the floods of Jordan; these do exist; they are sometimes sudden and very violent, rendering the fords impassable; cf
Jesus Christ - The predicate of the Messiah is reaffirmed, and as the Saviour He appears in the most sublime and tender characters, but the Prologue furnishes the key to the Interpretation of His Person in a title which imports the highest conceivable dignity of origin, being, and prerogative: ‘In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. It is a different question whether the Interpretation of Christ which the Fourth Gospel supplies is trustworthy, and on the value of this, its main message, two remarks may be made
John, Theology of - John, however, availed himself of another meaning of the Greek word Logos , and he emphasizes the Divine ‘utterance,’ which reveals the mind and will of God Himself, giving a personal and historical Interpretation to the phrase. ’ Some difficulty attaches to the Interpretation of one clause in 1 John 5:18 , but it is clear from that verse that he who enjoys the new life ‘doth not sin,’ and that ‘the evil one toucheth him not
Forgiveness (2) - In the same connexion may be taken the Interpretation of the name Jesus in Matthew 1:21 ‘he shall save his people from their sins,’ and the ‘Saviour, Christ the Lord,’ of Luke 2:11, though the word ‘forgiveness’ does not occur. The only doubtful point of Interpretation relates to the ground of forgiveness as described in Luke 7:47
Millenarians - In support of this Interpretation, they quote two passages from St. Lowman, &c, contend against the literal Interpretation of the millennium, both as to its nature and duration
Papias - ...
‘Matthew, then, for his part, in Hebrew compiled the Oracles; but their Interpretation was determined by each man’s ability. His one object being to reach the true meaning of Him who was the Truth incarnate, he has no false shame in supporting his own ‘interpretation’ by such authoritative traditions as he had collected in years gone by—traditions derived from the men of the first Christian generation, particularly personal disciples of the Master Himself. 39) to which we owe our knowledge of it—...
‘But I will not scruple to set down for thee everything, too, that once on a time I learned right well from the Elders and right well bore in mind—in juxtaposition with the (= my own) Interpretations, so confirming their truth. Here we get the idea of safety in close adherence to the injunctions (ἑντολαί) of Christ and His Apostles, or ‘the message which was delivered’ by them ‘from the beginning,’ in contrast to ‘false teachings’ by which ‘the many’ were apt, in love of empty talk, to be led into error, especially through perverse Interpretations of ‘the Oracles of the Lord. ’ The motive of such misinterpretation was Docetic denial of the reality of Christ’s human body and of the significance of bodily self-control in the Christian, since ‘there is neither resurrection nor judgment
Jonah - ...
(4) Interpretation
Language of the nt - And Comparative Philology, with lights on the meaning of cases and tenses and moods, may be added to the equipment with which purely linguistic science may now help forward the Interpretation of Scripture
Targums - ’...
The Targum of Jonathan to the Prophets owes its name to an ancient tradition, according to which Jonathan ben Uzziel composed it ‘from the mouths of Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi’ ( Megillah , 3 a ); this is merely a figurative way of saying that the traditional Interpretation, as supposed to have been handed down by these prophets, was embodied in written form by Jonathan
Cross, Crucifixion - Satan participated in his own undoing!...
The Symbolic Meaning Jesus Himself established the primary figurative Interpretation of the cross as a call to complete surrender to God
Scripture, Unity And Diversity of - , Inspiration and Interpretation
Discipline - Lampe, Christian History and Interpretation: Studies Presented to John Knox, pp
Ezekiel - These chapters are interpreted by some to be a literal description of the Temple to be rebuilt after the Exile, by some as an allegorical picture of the church, by others as a literal temple to be rebuilt as part of the fulfillment of the dispensational premillennial Interpretation of Daniel's seventieth week (Daniel 9:2-27 ), and by others as an example of apocalyptic language to describe God's coming kingdom in understandable terms of the destruction of wickedness and the establishment of a sanctified people in whose midst God would dwell
Children of God, Sons of God - ...
If we now try to summarize the teaching of the Apostolic Age as expressed in the writings of the NT on the conception of sonship of God, the following appear to be the main lines of thought: (1) There is a recognition of the universal Fatherhood of God, to be seen in the teaching of Christ when once it was detached from a literal Jewish Interpretation (cf
Numbers, Book of - The whole Interpretation of the song depends upon its presence or absence (see Gray on the passage)
Atonement - Weber, The Cross: Tradition and Interpretation
Ezekiel - ...
The fullness of details as to the temple and its offerings favors the view of a literal (in the main) Interpretation rather than a purely symbolical one
Hebrews, the Epistle to the - Herein allegorical Interpretation, which the Alexandrians strained unduly, is legitimately under divine guidance employed
Rufus - 289, 300), who renders, ‘the acknowledged leaders,’ and shows that the Interpretation, ‘the so-called leaders,’ is opposed to the spirit of the narrative
Life - , Isaiah 38:11 ; Isaiah 38:18 , Ecclesiastes 9:5 ; Ecclesiastes 9:10 [5]), and this world alone is known as’ the land of the living,’ the very asking of the question in Job 14:14 is significant, and the language of Psalms 16:1-11 concerning ‘the path of life’ lends itself readily to an Interpretation looking to life beyond death
Galatians, Theology of - The medieval doctrine of human merit, we are told, was read into ancient Judaism and that affected our Interpretation of Paul
Stoics - ’ But it is the Stoic Interpretation of this formula that is significant
God - The Syriac bears out this Interpretation by rendering the word aḥîdh kûl, i
Galilee (2) - Especially was this the case on the great high-road, the ‘Way of the Sea,’ as it was called in the Middle Ages (from an Interpretation of Isaiah 9:1), which crossed the middle of Lower Galilee
Infancy - This, as well as the Interpretation making αὑτῶν refer to mother and child (see, e
Joy (2) - In the Interpretation of the parable of the Sower we are told: ‘He that was sown upon the rocky places, this is he that heareth the word, and straightway with joy receiveth it’ (Matthew 13:20), a striking characterization of the temper of those who eagerly adopt a new idea, but are just as ready to exchange it for some more recent fashion
Kenosis - The prologue to John’s Gospel may be regarded as Apostolic Interpretation; and there the Kenosis is described in the words ‘and the Word became flesh’ (John 1:14, see Westcott in loco)
Mockery - It is very difficult to make good the identification of Purim with the Sacaea even if Frazer’s Interpretation of the Sacaea could hold good, which is very doubtful
Knowledge - Simpson, The Spiritual Interpretation of Nature, 1912, p
Body - The argument depends on the Interpretation given to the word ‘flesh’ (σάρξ) in those passages where it is employed in on ethical sense in contrast with ‘spirit’ (πνεῦμα)
Hilarius Arelatensis, Saint, Bishop of Arles - Peter's confession of faith than on his personal position in all his letters bearing on the contest with Hilary repeats continually the text (Mat_16:18) on which other bishops of Rome had dwelt so much and appeals to it as if no other Interpretation had ever been heard of and as in itself his sole and sufficient justification
Brotherhood (2) - Hillel and other Rabbis gave this law the broadest Interpretation, and Philo declares that man must love the whole world as well as God (see Kohler, Jewish Encyc
Claims (of Christ) - What right has Jesus to speak thus? men would ask; What right to call upon us to leave our homes, our friends, our all, to follow Him? What right to bid us accept His teaching as a perfect revelation of the will of God, and His Interpretation of the Law as its true fulfilling? Moral authority quickly disappears when there is no moral power at the back of it
Cross, Cross-Bearing - The true philosophy of the cross lies in the spiritual Interpretation of man’s victorious conflict with sin, which is made possible by the shameful death of the Son of God on the cross as the supreme expression of the love of the Father for sinful men, and as the propitiatory sacrifice on the basis of which the repentant soul can find access to the Father
Parable - THE TWO SONS, of which the Lord gives the Interpretation
the Thorn in Paul's Flesh - In our own day Interpretation has taken a line of its own on this matter
Apocrypha - These sections contain such matters as the dream of Mordecai, the Interpretation of that dream, the texts of the letters referred to in the canonical book, (Esther 1:22 ; Esther 3:13 ; Esther 8:5 ,Esther 8:5,8:10 ; Esther 9:20 ,Esther 9:20,9:25-30 ) and the prayers of Esther and Mordecai
Mediator - This fanciful system has no other foundation than the slender support which it appears to receive from some obscure passages of Scripture that admit of another Interpretation
Paraclete - The leading thought underlying the passages in question, however, is in conflict with this Interpretation, as Jesus is there speaking of how His disciples shall be enabled to complete their task and, as His messengers, to gather His community together
Egypt - There is, however, great ambiguity in the Interpretation of these records; and in many cases the words, when apparently made out, are as yet unintelligible, and seem to be part of a priestly dialect understood only by the learned
Parables - Even in the parable of the Mustard Seed the passing reference to the birds of heaven nesting in the branches (Mark 4:32 ) may be an allegorical detail, but the distinction of the parable establishing a basic, single comparison remains and aids Interpretation
Principality Principalities - The common Interpretation of the Latin Fathers was ‘putting off from Himself His body’ (see RVm_), and it found its way into the text of G (τὴν σάρκα καὶ τὰς ἐξουσίας, ἀρχὰς being omitted; ‘having laid aside His flesh, He made a show of the powers’)
Philippi - The Interpretation of such a passage is naturally affected by one’s whole attitude to the miraculous
Paraclete - The leading thought underlying the passages in question, however, is in conflict with this Interpretation, as Jesus is there speaking of how His disciples shall be enabled to complete their task and, as His messengers, to gather His community together
Rufus - 289, 300), who renders, ‘the acknowledged leaders,’ and shows that the Interpretation, ‘the so-called leaders,’ is opposed to the spirit of the narrative
Gnosticism - Peter; gospels were in circulation among them which purported to have been written by Philip, Thomas, and other apostles; and they professed to be able to find their doctrines in the canonical scriptures by methods of allegorical Interpretation which, however forced, could easily be paralleled in the procedure of orthodox writers. The doctrines and facts of the religion are only valued so far as they can be made subservient to the peculiar notions of Gnosticism; and the method of allegorical Interpretation was so freely applied to both Testaments that all the solid parts of the religion were in danger of being volatilized away
John, Gospel of (ii. Contents) - The Gospel is, and claims to be, an Interpretation of our Lord’s Person and ministry, an ideal construction which aims at producing a certain impression about the Person of Christ. This impression is to be the true Interpretation of the historical Jesus—the author is infinitely anxious about this. The frequent use of number-symbolism in the Gospel is more certain than the correctness of particular Interpretations. These Interpretations would occur readily to the ‘Gnostic’ of the 2nd cent
Incarnation (2) - However we may construe His person, it will be impossible to confine ourselves to a merely humanitarian Interpretation of it. If such there be, they will both sustain the impression of His sinlessness, and derive from it their true Interpretation
Law (2) - Even so, however, various Interpretations are possible. But this Interpretation did not at the time occur either to the Jews or to the disciples. The retort of the former showed that they understood the reference to be to the literal temple, while the Evangelist expressly says that the Interpretation he adopts occurred to the disciples only after the resurrection
Basilides, Gnostic Sect Founder - ...
This short Interpretation of the times before Christ, which has evidently suffered in the process of condensation by Hippolytus, carries us at once to the Gospel itself. That this descent of the light was represented as taking place at the Annunciation and not merely at the Baptism is clearly implied in the express reference to the words of the angel in Luk_1:35 "A Holy Spirit shall come upon thee," which are explained to mean "that ...
[5] which passed from the sonship through the Limitary Spirit to the Ogdoad and the Hebdomad till it reached Mary" (the Interpretation of the following words "And a power of the Most High shall overshadow thee," appears to be hopelessly corrupt)
Hippolytus Romanus - Döllinger has shewn that, without imputing wilful misstatement to Hippolytus, it is possible to put on all that he relates about CALLISTUS a very much more favourable Interpretation than he has done; and with regard to the charge that Callistus in trying to steer a middle course between Sabellianism and orthodoxy had invented a new heresy, the retort may be made that it was Hippolytus himself who in his dread of Sabellianism had laid himself open to the charge of Ditheism. That the cycle engraved on the statue is undoubtedly that of Hippolytus is not only proved by facts already pointed out and by its Interpretation of the 70 weeks of Daniel in the manner peculiar to Hippolytus, but is placed beyond doubt by its literal agreement with a Syriac version of the cycle of Hippolytus preserved in a chronological work by Elias of Nisibis (Lagarde, Analecta Syriaca , p
Apostles - This is one possible Interpretation and by no means the least satisfactory of the well-known verse in St. Whether the silence of Scripture regarding the relationship can outweigh the fitness of this Interpretation will he answered variously, yet a reader will allow for the possibility that James and John were our Lord’s cousins
Clement of Alexandria - It may naturally have served as an introduction to the examination of the opinions of Greek philosophers, the Interpretation of Scripture, and the refutation of heresies which were the general topics of the second principal member of Clement's plan (iv. It appears as if the compiler set down hastily the passages which contained the Interpretations of the school which he wished to collect, without regard to the context, and often in an imperfect form. The examples of spiritual Interpretation which Clement gives in accordance with this traditional "rule" are frequently visionary and puerile (e
Teaching of the Twelve Apostles - This Interpretation is confirmed by a direction that of this "Eucharist" none but baptized persons should partake since the Lord has said "Give not that which is holy unto the dogs. is that it means the sign of the cross, being derived from Barnabas's Interpretation of ἐξεπέτασα in Is 65:2
Odes of Solomon - , which are not only quoted and given a Gnostic Interpretation in that book, but cited as Solomon’s and commented on in extenso as if they were canonical portions of the Bible. … A few parallelisms here and there might be set down to chance, but when we find that this scheme of Interpretation, applied to every Ode, provides a consistent explanation of their phraseology in every case, and in some cases illuminates obscure phrases for which no other explanation has been suggested, we are entitled to claim for it serious consideration’ (op
Nestorius And Nestorianism - But in Syria a school had arisen, of which Diodorus of Tarsus and the celebrated Theodore of Mopsuestia were the leaders, which devoted itself to the critical Interpretation of Scripture, and favoured the application of logical investigation to the facts and doctrines of Christianity. This doctrine, in the days of his successor, brought about a strong reaction in favour of the Syrian Interpretation of the word θεοτόκος
Virgin Birth - ...
The birth narratives lack Christian Interpretation of the virgin birth
Sabbath - Even this limit of lawful travel was open to various Interpretations according as the 2000 ells (the distance allowed) were to be reckoned in a straight line in one direction or as the radius of a circle. Whilst Jesus was in direct conflict with the religious authorities as regards their Interpretation of the Sabbath and its laws, we hear no word of any complaint of His primitive followers on that score
Hebrews, Epistle to - The former seems at first sight the more natural Interpretation of the words (cf
Virgin Virginity - Had the words ‘with women’ been wanting, this meaning would be the natural one, and the reference would be to those who as the true bride of Christ refused to give worship to Caesar; but the words ‘with women’ make the literal Interpretation practically certain, and the passage indicates not so much a depreciation of marriage as an ascetic horror of immorality
Croisade, or Crusade - Their childish folly was encouraged by the monks and schoolmasters; and thousands of those innocents were conducted from the houses of their parents on the superstitious Interpretation of these words: "Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast thou perfected praise
Salvation - ...
This is further continued by the general Interpretation Jesus puts upon His healing miracles as prophecies and pledges of the approaching Kingdom, in which all sin and death shall be done away with
Satan (2) - The temptation of our first parents is ascribed in Genesis to ‘the serpent,’ and no Interpretation is offered of the symbolism of the story
Unpardonable Sin - It is only with the saying in the Gospels that we are directly concerned, but the passages in the Epistles must be glanced at as bearing upon our Interpretation of Christ’s words, and something must be said also as to the place of the subject in Christian experience
Corinthians, Second Epistle to - In 2 Corinthians 13:1 we read of a projected third visit (for such seems the most natural Interpretation of the words), and this presupposes a second visit of which we have no record
James, Epistle of - The only indications of date are derived from indirect internal evidence, the Interpretation of which depends on the view taken of the main problems raised by the Epistle. James by his insistence on life and conduct, while he supplements it with a profounder teaching, and guards against misinterpretations by a more careful definition of terms; e
Occupations And Professions in the Bible - Scribes involved in the copying and Interpretation of the law of Moses are known from the time of Ezra, who is identified as a “scribe in the law of Moses” (Ezra 7:6 )
Old Testament in the New Testament, the - ...
New Testament Interpretation of the Old Testament: Legitimate?New Testament "Awareness" of the Old Testament
Jews, Judaism - What was needed was the transmission of the text by careful scribes and the Interpretation of the text by competent scholar-teachers
Love - ’ Such a rendering, however, seems to be linguistically improbable, and the ordinary Interpretation of ὑπομονή as ‘patience,’ ‘steadfastness,’ requires Χριστοῦ as a subjective genitive
Pietists - " This opinion was considered by many as derogatory from the power and efficacy of the word of God, which cannot be deprived of its divine influence by the vices of its ministers; and as a sort of revival of the long-exploded errors of the Donatists: and what rendered in peculiarly liable to an Interpretation of this nature, was the imprudence of some Pietists, who inculcated and explained it without those restrictions that were necessary to render it unexceptionable
Individuality - It will be a law in accordance with the Apostle’s Interpretation of his Master’s meaning when he enjoins us to be true to our own highest individuality, i
Shimei - Another Interpretation is to take the text as it stands, and to hear David judicially charging Solomon about a case of too long delayed justice against a blasphemer of God and the king
Call, Calling - But there is a passage which would lend itself excellently to this Interpretation—the tale of the call of the young Samuel, where we have three interesting parallel usages: Jehovah ‘called to Samuel’ (1 Samuel 3:4 literally), ‘called Samuel’ (1 Samuel 3:8), ‘called … Samuel, Samuel’ (1 Samuel 3:10)
Peter - Whatever, then, may be the true and full explanation, suffice it to us to know that our Lord thus saluted Simon, and said to him, Simon, son of Jonas, thou shalt be called Cephas, which is, by Interpretation, a rock
Fig-Tree - ...
The once favourite allegorizing method of Interpretation (e
Antioch - ...
Antioch gave rise to a school of Christian thought which was distinguished by literal Interpretation of the Scriptures and insistence upon the human limitations of Jesus
Agony - ...
It is not the function of this article to offer a theological Interpretation of Jesus’ experience in Gethsemane; but a justification of the above answer to the question of the nature of Jesus’ agony may be briefly offered in a psychological analysis of His experience
Joab - ...
I have been sorely tempted to take up the mystical Interpretation of Shimei and Joab
Roman Catholics - I also admit the sacred Scriptures according to the sense which the holy mother church has held, and does hold, to whom it belongs to judge of the true sense and Interpretation of the Holy Scriptures; nor will I ever take and interpret them otherwise than according to the unanimous consent of the fathers
Sabbath - Even this limit of lawful travel was open to various Interpretations according as the 2000 ells (the distance allowed) were to be reckoned in a straight line in one direction or as the radius of a circle. Whilst Jesus was in direct conflict with the religious authorities as regards their Interpretation of the Sabbath and its laws, we hear no word of any complaint of His primitive followers on that score
Individuality - It will be a law in accordance with the Apostle’s Interpretation of his Master’s meaning when he enjoins us to be true to our own highest individuality, i
Obedience (2) - The ethical results of the Jewish development were, therefore, conserved by Jesus, who added to them the more spiritual Interpretation of the facts of history and experience, and to this extent made them richer and more comprehensive
Plan - How did He intend that His work should be completed? How far did He contemplate the world-wide extension of the Christian community after His death? The answer must largely depend on the Interpretation of His idea of the Kingdom of God, which is still in many points obscure
Solomon - The origin and Interpretation of the 480 years in 1 Kings 6:1 are very doubtful
Music, Instruments, Dancing - ...
Although found some seventy-one times in the Psalter, the Interpretation of the term “Selah” remains uncertain
Job, the Book of - Though this approach is possible, it seems unlikely for most parables have some type of Interpretation close by which helps to explain them
Insects - ” If this Interpretation is correct, flies may have been feared to the extent that the people worshiped a “fly-god,” hoping to prevent infestation by the insects
Romans, Book of - Understanding what Paul meant by righteousness is therefore crucial for one's Interpretation of Romans because it sets one's perception of justification as well
Exodus, Theology of - God answers, "I am who I am" (3:14), a sentence that continues to beg Interpretation
Bible, Theology of - ...
Biblical theology is utterly dependent upon the hermeneutics of the theologian (See Bible, Hermeneutics ; Bible, History of Interpretation )
Isaiah, Book of - But the external evidence is scanty and some of it ambiguous; and the internal evidence of certain sections is differently interpreted; if, as the Interpretation of Duhm and Marti would require us to infer, ch
Homosexuality - The major obstacle to this Interpretation is the Hebrew verb "to know" (yada [1]), which, while not often used in a sexual sense, is used in just that sense in verse 8—only two verses after its occurrence expressing the desire of the men of Sodom
Hating, Hatred - ’ We may at once dismiss such an Interpretation as Renan put forward, viz
Locust - Curiously enough, this old Interpretation has been resuscitated in our own times by Cheyne (Encyc
Gifts - Paul mentions, first, charisms of the intellectual order, ‘the word of wisdom’ and ‘the word of knowledge’; second, miraculous gifts: (a) ‘faith,’ (b) ‘gifts of healing,’ (c) ‘workings of miracles’; third, ‘prophecy, or the gift of spiritual instruction; fourth, ‘discerning of spirits,’ or the gift of discrimination, the discerning between the true and the false; and finally, ‘tongues’ and ‘the Interpretation of tongues’ (see Tongues), or ecstatic powers and the power of interpreting them
Beda, Historian - The diversity and extent of his reading is remarkable: grammar, rhetoric, poetry, hagiography, arithmetic, chronology, the holy places, the Paschal controversy, epigrams, hymns, sermons, pastoral admonition and the conduct of penitents; even speculations on natural science, on which he specially quotes Pliny, employed his pen, besides his great works on history and the Interpretation of Scripture
Baptism - This Interpretation, however, is denied by Plummer (International Critical Commentary on Luke 3:16), who prefers a reference to the purifying power of the grace given, or to the fiery trials that await Christians
Dispersion - Illustrations of this tendency are found in the Prophetic and Wisdom literature, in the modification of OT anthropomorphism by the Septuagint , in the serious attempt or Philo to find the philosophy of Plato and the Stoics in the narratives of Genesis by the method of allegorical Interpretation (Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) v
Demoniac - Beside, as various instances are recorded in Scripture, and as several cases are given at considerable length, might we not expect, if possessions were really nothing more than ordinary diseases, that the truth would be somewhere told or hinted at? that, within the compass of the sacred canon, something would be said, or something insinuated, which would lead us to understand that the language, though inaccurate and improper, was used in accommodation to the popular belief? Might we not expect that Christ himself would have declared, in one unequivocal affirmation, or in some intelligible way, the exact truth of the case? Or, at all events, when the Holy Ghost had descended upon the Apostles on the day of pentecost, and when the full disclosure of the revelation appears to have been made, might it not reasonably have been looked for that the popular error would have been rectified, and the language reduced from its figurative character to a state of simple correctness? What conceivable motive could influence our Saviour, or his Apostles, to sanction the delusion of the multitude? And does it not strike at the root of the Christian religion itself, to have it thought, for a single moment, that its "Author and Finisher," who came to enlighten and to reform the world, should have, on so many occasions, not only countenanced, but confirmed, an opinion which he must have known to be "the reverse of the truth?"...
Let us then, say they, beware how we relinquish the literal sense of holy writ, in search of allegorical or figurative Interpretations. But no one who admits the Scriptures to decide this question, can consistently stand upon that objectionable ground of Interpretation to which he is forced by denying the plain and consistent sense of innumerable passages
Edom - There are numerous prophecies respecting Idumea, that bear a literal Interpretation, however hyperbolical they may appear
Magi - Nor are we to suppose the impression confined to the court; for the history of the three Hebrew youths, of Nebuchadnezzar's dream, sickness, and reformation from idolatry, of the Interpretation of the hand writing on the wall by Daniel the servant of the living God, of his deliverance from the lions, and the publicity of the prophecy of Isaiah respecting Cyrus, were too recent, too public, and too striking in their nature, not to be often and largely talked of
Word - Between person and person this may, undoubtedly, be the case; but what species of parallel can exist between man and an attribute? Nor will the difficulty be obviated by suggesting, that wisdom here means not the attribute itself, but him whom that attribute inspired, the man Jesus Christ, because the name of our Saviour has not yet been mentioned; because that rule of Interpretation must be inadmissible, which at one time would explain the term Logos by an attribute, at another by a man, as best suits the convenience of hypothesis; and because, if it be, in this instance, conceived to indicate our Saviour, it must follow, that our Saviour created the world, (which the Unitarians will by no means admit,) for the Logos, who was that which John the Baptist was not, the true Light, is expressly declared to have made the world
Poetry - Otherwise correct Interpretation is impossible
Philippians, Epistle to - Like 2 Corinthians 8:9 , the dynamic of the truth lies not in an intellectual Interpretation of the mystery of Christ’s personality, for little is told further than that He was in His nature essentially Divine, and enjoyed the prerogatives of Divinity; but it lies in the fact that St
Locust - Curiously enough, this old Interpretation has been resuscitated in our own times by Cheyne (Encyc
Nature And Natural Phenomena - We seek in vain for any recondite, or technical, or unusual allusions; they all lie consistently in the path of common observation; so much so that hardly any of them need Interpretation to the simplest modern minds
Presence (2) - It is the essential nearness of God that gives all significance to the Beatitudes (Matthew 5:8-9), to the teaching on prayer (Matthew 6:8; Matthew 6:8), to the Interpretation of worship (Mark 7:8, cf
Priscillianus And Priscillianism, Priscillian - Leo sharply criticizes their application and Interpretation of the Scripture attributive of the Redeemer, "the Only-begotten
Dispersion - Illustrations of this tendency are found in the Prophetic and Wisdom literature, in the modification of OT anthropomorphism by the Septuagint , in the serious attempt or Philo to find the philosophy of Plato and the Stoics in the narratives of Genesis by the method of allegorical Interpretation (Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) v
Talmud - And they read in the book, in the law of God, with an Interpretation; and they gave the sense, so that they understood the reading’ ( Nehemiah 8:7-8 )
Trade And Commerce - The Interpretation of these passages must remain obscure until more light is thrown on land-tenure in Israel, and the process by which the king’s share in the produce was collected
Church - Matthew 16:19 ) makes against this Interpretation
Philippians, Theology of - Martin, Carmen Christi: Philippians 2:5-11 in Recent Interpretation and in the Setting of Early Christian Worship ; C
Jeremiah, Theology of - God will create a new thing on the earth: his people will be enamored of God (31:22, a likely Interpretation of a difficult text)
Elect, Election - Here we have the idea in prominence, but by way of Interpretation rather than by direct statement (cf
Ministry - ) That the correct Interpretation of the ‘fifteenth year’ of Tiberius is from the date of his sole reign, and therefore is a
Messiah - (1) Genesis 3:15 (belonging to the earlier Jahwistic document, J 1) can only by a strained Interpretation be regarded as Messianic at all
Holy Spirit - This Interpretation of religious history was fraught with most important consequences, inasmuch as it dissociated the conception of the Spirit from the subjective religious states of the individual Believers were now convinced that their possession of the Spirit was not dependent upon their purely personal experience
Collection - , however, Robertson-Plummer’s Interpretation of the passage, making the Apostle the writer of the commendatory letters Zechariah, the Book of - ...
In the second part, the Interpretation of the visions is given by the angel who knows Jehovah's will, intercedes with Jehovah for Israel, and by whom Jehovah speaks (Zechariah 1:9), "the angel that talked with me," or "in me"; compare 1 Peter 1:11, "the Spirit of Christ which was in the prophets
Evolution (Christ And) - The Theistic type of the Evolutionary philosophy, however—the central idea of which is that the goal of Evolution and not its beginnings provides us with the principle of cosmic Interpretation, and that spirit and not matter furnishes the key to the riddle of the Universe—leaves us free to deal with the Supreme Person and Fact of history with open minds
Foresight - The meaning is, not that there lies in the OT Scriptures a complete predictive account of all the details of the life of Jesus, which those skilled in the Interpretation of Scripture might read off from its pages at will
Prophet - Hence the prophecy is not dependent for its Interpretation on the prophet; nay, he was often ignorant of the full meaning of his own word (2 Peter 1:20-21)
Ahithophel - If the traditional Interpretation of the fifty-fifth and some other Ahithophel psalms is true and is to be taken, David and Ahithophel had been bosom friends from their boyhood up
Baxterianism - Erroneous language is maintained to be capable of sound meaning, and the most Scriptural phrases to be susceptible of unscriptural Interpretation, till truth and error almost change places, and the mind is bewildered, confounded, and paralyzed
Transubstantiation - Admitting the justness of the Interpretation of our Lord's words given by Zuinglius, he maintained that spiritual influence was conveyed to worthy partakers of the Lord's Supper, insomuch that Christ may be said to be spiritually present with the outward elements
Preaching - In these spiritual communities meetings for edification were held, in which every one who had a ‘gift’-whether of prophecy or Interpretation, or ‘tongues,’ or praise (1 Corinthians 14:26 f
Pre-Existence of Christ - ...
The question immediately arises for theology: How is one to relate this conception of the Pre-existent Christ to the Eternal Unity of the God-head? Beyschlag’s theory of an ideal pre-existence in the Divine thought and will is wholly inadequate as a historical Interpretation of Pauline thought; and the same may be said of the theory (Baur, Pfleiderer) according to which the conception of the ‘Man from Heaven,’ the ‘Second Adam,’ is the fountainhead of the Pauline Christology
Timothy, First And Second, Theology of - Lenski, Interpretation of Colossians, Thessalonians, First and Second Timothy, Titus, Philemon; W
Timothy And Titus Epistles to - That Christians we’re held in scorn for their unsubstantial hope is an excellent Interpretation of the passage
Faith - This claim involves a unique sense of presence and communion with God, as well as the call to his hearers to respond to his own claim of Sonship (Isaiah 50:10 ), and his Interpretation of the kingdom of God as being near (Matthew 12:22-28 )
Ezekiel, Theology of - , Hebrews 8:1-10:17 ), the text of Ezekiel itself rules out such an Interpretation
Revelation of John, the - ...
INTERPRETATION
Restoration - His need of mental enlargement, given later by means of the vision (Acts 10:9-33), to enable him to believe in the possibility of Gentile salvation, is decisive against such an Interpretation
Saviour (2) - The Interpretation of the former passage is much disputed
Unity (2) - Ruskin somewhere interprets it of the judicial aspect of schism, as ‘God’s revenge’ upon worldly and oppressive priesthoods—an Interpretation which the history of schism may seem to commend
Universalism (2) - In the theological discussion just noted—Fairbairn is an exception—the question is generally argued as one of NT Interpretation
Miracles - The record of the standing still of the sun in Gibeon is obviously a prosaic misinterpretation of a poetic phrase ( Joshua 10:12-14 ); behind the record of the bringing back of the shadow on the dial of Ahaz ( 2 Kings 20:11 ) we may assume some unusual atmospheric phenomenon, refracting the rays of the sun; the speech of Balaam’s ass ( Numbers 22:27 ) may be regarded as an objectifying by the seer of his own scruples, doubts, and fears; the Book of Jonah is now interpreted not literally, but figuratively; the Book of Daniel is not now generally taken as history, but rather as the embellishment of history for the purposes of edification. The revelation of Jehovah to Israel is seen in the providential guidance and guardianship of His people by God, and in the authoritative Interpretation of God’s works and ways by the prophets, and in it miracle, in the strict sense of the word, has a small place
Kingdom Kingdom of God - (3) It was soon felt that the teaching of Christ was many-sided and capable of more than one Interpretation
Gospel - Nor is there on a fair and careful Interpretation any antagonism between the Epistle to the Romans and the Epistle of James. The Apostle was not oblivious of misinterpretation (Romans 6:1; Romans 6:15), and the school of St
John the Apostle - The Interpretation which would find only three persons in the list, and identify Mary ‘of Clopas’ with the sister of Jesus’ mother, is open to the objection that two sisters would have the same name, and it involves other serious difficulties
Ascension - Paul was probably guided by an old Jewish Interpretation (Robinson, Com
Doctrines - ’ With reference to the subject-matter of His teaching it occurs in the answer of Jesus to the question of the Pharisees (John 7:15; John 7:17), ‘How knoweth this man letters (γραμματα), having never learned?’ The question refers to learning as it was understood by the scribes, that is, as theological science, those methods of Biblical Interpretation in virtue of which they themselves were called scribes (γραμματεὶς), i
Fulfilment - [20] The Interpretation here raises very difficult questions, hardly to be settled without some critical surgery. ...
In view of these rival Interpretations one might turn for help to the Epistles
Serpent - The original phrase will bear another Interpretation, which, perhaps, approaches still nearer the truth
Oath - Mark’s Interpretation of ‘Thou hast said,’ but not vice versa
Heaven - The sense of τετελειωμένοι is a difficulty, but its Interpretation is clearly suggested by the author’s use of the word with reference to Christ in Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 7:28
Teaching - This drew from the teacher a deeper and more spiritual Interpretation of eschatological truth
Synagogue - Hence also the Interpretation of ‘the well in the field’ (Genesis 29:2), that is the synagogue (Ber
Evil - In each of the preceding cases, the context verifies the Interpretation as physical evil, in these cases as experienced subjectively by the victim of the military action
Wisdom of Solomon - Giṭṭin, 68a, was ultimately based on an Interpretation of Ecclesiastes 2:8
Redemption (2) - An error to be sedulously guarded against here is that of fastening on one or two isolated sayings of Jesus, for instance, on the passages about His death, and giving these an Interpretation as if they were without any context in Jesus’ own thought, or in His general Messianic claim, or in earlier Prophetic revelation, or in the events which succeeded them, and threw light on them
Metaphor - ...
So far the Pauline metaphors we have been considering have been simple and of fairly obvious Interpretation
Sin (2) - It is the Christian Interpretation of facts of experience, which are independent of any explanation of life, whether offered by theology, philosophy, or scientific theory
Holiness Purity - ’ Our idea of holiness is misleading for the Interpretation of both OT and NT meaning
Christ in the Seventeenth Century - (This is the Interpretation given by Bruce, Humiliation of Christ, 163 ff
Covenant - In two passages (Isaiah 42:6; Isaiah 49:8) the servant of Jehovah is designated as בּרִית עָם, a somewhat obscure phrase, of which the two most plausible Interpretations are, either that the servant will be the instrument of realizing the future covenant between God and Israel, or, placing the emphasis on עָם, that he will be the means of establishing a people e, a e in which Israel, in contrast to its present scattered condition, will once more become a unified, organized nation. On the former rendering the covenant is the covenant made with Israel, or, since this Interpretation of the suffix ‘thy’ is deemed impossible by some, we may refer the suffix to the compound phrase ‘covenant blood,’ and understand the phrase ‘thy covenant blood’ of the sacrificial blood by means of which Israel continually upholds and renews the covenant with Jehovah
Anger - But we cannot accept the Interpretation of the death of Jesus as an exalted Levitical blood sacrifice, or as a transaction with the ‘world-powers of darkness,’ nor can we be satisfied with a presentation of an angry God, who needs compensation or some mollifying gift before He will turn away the fierceness of His wrath
Sin - ” The Arabic cognate ‘awa means “to twist, bend down”; some scholars regard the Arabic term ghara (“to err from the way”) as the true cognate, but there is less justification for this Interpretation
Peter, First Epistle of - The most probable Interpretation of 1 Peter 3:18 ff
Joannes, Bishop of Antioch - They refused to condemn passages divorced from their context, and capable, even as they stood, of an orthodox Interpretation
Corinthians, First And Second, Theology of - Tongues and Interpretation of tongues were associated by Paul and the Corinthians with the proleptic restoration of paradise, especially in the worship setting of the church
Create, Creation - Another possible Interpretation is that verse 1 is an independent thematic statement that introduces the content that follows in chapter 1 and that corresponds to the summary statement in 2:1
Missions - In the Interpretation of the parable of the Tares (one of the earlier parables) it is said that ‘the field is the world’ (Matthew 13:38)
Mark, Gospel According to - , and which may mean that the Evangelist was present at some of Peter’s discourses only, or perhaps that he heard some of our Lord’s discourses; but the latter Interpretation is against the words that follow, which say of Luke: ‘Neither did he himself see the Lord in the flesh
Wisdom - From this there sprang up what has been called ‘a Graecised Judaism,’ an anticipation of the later Gnostic systems, which endeavoured to construct a theology from an allegorical Interpretation of the OT, the loftier forms of philosophy, and also from the ideas and mythologies of various Eastern religions
Job, Theology of - Interpretation of the difficult phrase (Heb
Marriage - And there is an early Interpretation of the meaning; the words ‘and the bride’ are added to Matthew 25:1 by DXΣ, Syr-sin, Syr-psh, Vulg
Gospels (Uncanonical) - But the interest of the passage for us lies in the names of the Gospels which his erroneous Interpretation of ἐπεχείρησαν leads him to mention
Lord's Prayer (ii) - * Mark, Gospel According to - If this is a correct Interpretation of Papias, which account of the Gospel story did he prefer? Lightfoot (Essays on Supernatural Religion, pp
Childhood - ’ And the relation of our Lord to humanity at large makes this but the natural Interpretation of His words
Isidorus Pelusiota, an Eminent Ascetic - 114); although a follower of Chrysostom he shews an Alexandrian tendency to far-fetched and fantastic Interpretation as when he explains the live coal and the tongs in Isa_6:7 to represent the divine essence and the flesh of Christ (i
Anger (2) - For those who have learned that where the spirit of the Lord is there is liberty, the literal Interpretation of words like Matthew 5:39-42 is a combination of pedantry and fanaticism which no genius will ever make anything else than absurd
Oracle - As the priests of that oracle knew Trajan's design, which was no secret, they happily devised that response, which, in all events, was capable of a favourable Interpretation, whether he routed and cut the Parthians in pieces, or if his army met with the same fate
Parousia - (For the Interpretation of ἐν λόγῳ κυρίου as referring to the oral tradition rather than to a special revelation cf
Resurrection - It was doubtless the one-sided presentation of Pauline eschatology that led to the heresy of Hymenæus and Philetus ( 2 Timothy 2:18 ), and the Apostle seems to have felt the necessity of balancing his mystical Interpretation by an emphatic insistence on the literal truth that the resurrection is a future objective fact in the progressive life of man
House - The only reference to foundation sacrifice in OT is the case of Hiel the Bethelite, who sacrificed his two sons for that such is the true Interpretation can now scarcely be doubted his firstborn at the re-founding of Jericho, and his youngest at the completion and dedication of the walls and gates ( 1 Kings 16:34 RV Biblical Theology - This too seldom resulted in Interpretation that was sensitive to the Bible's original meaning in its setting
God - The name ‘Jahweh’ was so sacred that it was not, in later Jewish times, pronounced at all, perhaps owing to an over-literal Interpretation of the Third Commandment
Judges (1) - In the same way, the brief references to the ‘minor’ judges Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ), Jair ( Judges 10:5 ), Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ), Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ), and Abdon ( Judges 12:13-15 ) are historical notes of value; their Interpretation is another matter; it is possible that these names are the names of clans and not of individuals; some of them certainly occur as the names of clans in later books
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - This is an appropriate designation, because the historical books present a "prophetic" and, therefore, trustworthy representation and Interpretation of Israel's history
Second Coming of Christ - The Interpretation of this chapter has divided evangelical Christians
John, Theology of - Dodd, The Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel ; J
God - While the history of Interpretation has offered no unanimity on the meaning of this phrase, the most satisfactory explanation is a comprehensive one
Galatia - Now it must be admitted that if the modern theory, which Ramsay has so long and strenuously advocated, were bound up with this Interpretation, there would be no little difficulty in accepting it
Heaven - The sense of τετελειωμένοι is a difficulty, but its Interpretation is clearly suggested by the author’s use of the word with reference to Christ in Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 7:28
Logos - John does not commit himself to the precise Interpretation that Philo placed on it; on the contrary, whether consciously or not, he departs from the characteristic lines of Philo’s thinking. The Gospel wavers throughout between these two parallel Interpretations of the life of Christ,—that suggested by the history and that required by the Logos hypothesis
Sirach - If the verse were genuine, we should have to conclude that the author had studied the OT in the Septuagint version, and that the Interpretation found in Philo was some 200 years earlier than Philo’s time
Son of God - Peter from the sea, ‘came and worshipped him,’ saying, ‘Of a truth thou art the Son of God’ (Matthew 14:33), the most natural Interpretation may be that they were acknowledging Him as the Messiah
Hellenism - Homer and Plato are treated as the divine text-books from which one has to derive all doctrines by means of allegorical Interpretation
Day of Judgment - 70 should have given no hint of such Interpretation
Gregorius Nyssenus, Bishop of Nyssa - —What exegesis of Holy Scripture he has left is of no high value his system of Interpretation being almost entirely allegorical
Greek Versions of ot - It is at its worst in the Prophets, which presented the greatest difficulties in the way of Interpretation
John, Gospel of - In many cases authorship is a matter of comparatively secondary importance in the Interpretation of a document, and in the determination of its significance; in this instance it is vital. The conversations recorded, the scene of the feet-washing, the representation of the Samaritan woman, of the man born blind, the portraiture of Peter, of Pilate, of the priests and the multitude, the questionings of the disciples, the revelation of secret motives and fears, the Interpretations of Christ’s hidden meanings and difficult sayings may , as an abstract possibility, have been invented
Ascension (2) - He anticipates future acts of His work which are not simply symbolic of His utterances, but necessary to their Interpretation
Beatitude - If this Interpretation be correct, there are eight Beatitudes in Matthew. ) prefers the mystical significance of eight to similar Interpretations of seven; for if seven is the number of rest after labour, ‘eight is the number of blessedness and glory after rest’; he also dwells on the annexing of the promise of the Kingdom of heaven to the eighth Beatitude as well as to the first: ‘This is the consummation of blessedness; the recurring note of the beatific octave; also in the eighth Beatitude the word “blessed” is repeated for the sake of greater certainty and emphasis
Apocalypse - It is thus the accompaniment and Interpretation of the last great struggle of the Jewish people for that political independence-with an implicit idea of supremacy-which seemed to be due to the Chosen People
Book - By adverting to the different modes of writing in eastern countries, we obtain a satisfactory Interpretation of a passage in the book of Job 19:23-24 , and a distinct view of the beautiful gradation which is lost in our translation: "O that my words were now written! O that they were printed (written) in a book! that they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!" In the east there is a mode of writing, which is designed to fix words in the memory, but the writing is not intended for duration
Pentecost - Moreover, they too often limited the Spirit’s dower to the apostles and their successors, a line of Interpretation which at once went in flat opposition to the plain sense of Scripture and helped the development of a sacerdotal and sacramental view of ‘Orders
Personality - Paul’s Interpretation of the Father’s forgiveness in forensic terms
Pentecost - Moreover, they too often limited the Spirit’s dower to the apostles and their successors, a line of Interpretation which at once went in flat opposition to the plain sense of Scripture and helped the development of a sacerdotal and sacramental view of ‘Orders
Sacrifice (2) - ’ But there is not a single word upon the lips of Christ to justify this Interpretation; and, as we shall see later, wherever in the NT the death of Christ is called a deliverance or a ransom, it is always a being purchased for God, a being delivered from the bondage of sin to serve God, that is thought of (Romans 6:1-11, 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23, 1 Peter 1:18 ff
Sanctification - Any other Interpretation would negative the NT idea of holiness itself
Canon of the New Testament - The NT Canon, then, is the list of NT books, and this simple meaning, rather than ‘the regulative books,’ is the more likely Interpretation of the expression to have occurred to people who were in the habit of using the term for lists of officials, lists of festivals, etc
Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - ...
The Interpretation of Prophecy
Eucharist - Schweitzer’s Interpretation is that we are to look for an explanation of St
Socialism - The prayer for forgiveness is accompanied by a special clause guarding it against an individualist Interpretation
Hilarius (7) Pictaviensis, Saint - Homoiousion be found patient of a good Interpretation
Jews - Hence they entertain an implacable hatred to the Caraites, who adhere to the text of Moses, rejecting the rabbinistical Interpretation
Apocrypha - Not only is this the most reasonable Interpretation of the passage, but it rests on OT promises to that effect, where the family of David and not the personal Messiah is intended (e
Eusebius (60), Bishop of Nicomedia - ...
One of the tactics of the Arian or Eusebian party was to accuse of Sabellianism those, like Athanasius, Eustathius, and Marcellus of Ancyra, who refused their Interpretation of the relation between the Father and the Son
Law - In this extensive Interpretation of the commandments, we are warranted, not merely by the deductions of reason, but by the letter of the law itself
Augustine - Augustine employed language so strong as made it susceptible of an Interpretation wholly at variance with the accountability of man. But though it be allowed that his comments on Scripture consist chiefly of popular reflections, spiritual and moral, or allegorical and mystical perversions of the literal meaning; yet the works of this father are not wholly destitute of remarks and critical Interpretations, that are pertinent and judicious: to such, after a series of extracts from his writings, Dr
Persecution - Stephen re-echced his Master’s Interpretation of the nation’s attitude when he asked ‘which of the prophets did not your fathers persecute?’ (Acts 7:52)
Polycarpus, Bishop of Smyrna - " This phrase seems capable of no other Interpretation than that generally given to it, viz
John, Gospel of (Critical) - The second statement seems, like the γνώριμοι of Clement, to be founded on John 1:14; John 21:24, and possesses no independent value, except as an Interpretation of internal evidence. ) Papias is best known by the famous extract from the Preface to his work which is preserved by Eusebius:...
‘I will not hesitate to place before you, along with my Interpretations (of the Oracles of the Lord), everything that carefully learned, and carefully remembered in time past from the elders, and I can guarantee its truth
Enoch Book of - The date is determined by the Interpretation we put on ciii
Ambrosius of Milan - The sacred books, for which he had a profound reverence, were to him—what pastoral and didactic theology has always tended to make them—verbal materials for edification, which was to be extracted from them by any and every kind of Interpretation to which their letter could be subjected
Character of Christ - The operations of the Spirit of God belong to the theological Interpretation of the character of Christ, and can be understood only from the point of view of a definite conception of His person, to which our present effort is introductory
Christ in Jewish Literature - The former is a coarse Interpretation of the Christian assertion that Jesus was not the son of Joseph, while the latter is due to His reputation as a worker of miracles, and to the undoubted fact that He had created a serious dissension amongst the adherents of the Jewish religion
Christ in Modern Thought - ...
Opposition to Kant’s Interpretation of religion as mere ethics and of Christ as a Moral Example, impelled more genial minds like Hamann, Herder, Jacobi, and others to reactionary insistence on the immediacy of the religious consciousness and the speciality of the Christian revelation; but with neither critical nor philosophical depth
Christ in the Middle Ages - Thus Adoptianism provoked a reaction in the Western Church against an extreme as well as against the natural and proper Interpretation of the Chalcedonian Symbol; and while it did not lead to the general acceptance of pure Eutychianism, it came perilously near eliminating from Western Christology the conception of the real and complete humanity of Christ
Christianity - —The Interpretation of the facts thus hastily sketched appears to be this
Church (2) - Peter (Matthew 16:13-20, Luke 22:28-32, and John 20:21-23), and that this Interpretation of His words is borne out by the claims made from the earliest times by the bishops of Rome, and allowed or acquiesced in by the Church at large
Criticism - ...
To the former of these efforts Strauss stood in the closest relation, and he claimed to introduce a theory of Interpretation which should be complete and final
Desire - Wallace, whose work represents the high-water mark of Aristotelian exposition, as it sets forth in brief space an Interpretation of Aristotle which deserves study
Authority of Christ - It is never legal: that is, we can never take the letter in which it is expressed and regard it as a statute, incapable of Interpretation or modification, and binding in its literal meaning for all persons, all times, all social conditions
Archaeology And Biblical Study - The significance of the objects found is subject to diverse Interpretation, and conclusions once held are often abandoned in favor of new hypotheses
Clemens Romanus of Rome - Apparently it was Hippolytus who devised the theory stated in the Apostolic Constitutions, that Linus held the bishopric during the lifetime of Peter; for this seems to be the Interpretation of the dates assigned in the Liberian Catalogue, Peter 30–55, Linus 55–67
Cyprianus (1) Thascius Caecilius - ); nevertheless, Moyses, before his death (which probably happened on the last day of 250), had condemned the extreme tendencies of Novatian towards the non-reconcilement of penitents (see Valesius's correct Interpretation of Eus
Confession - But the ground of this charge, and the whole of the difficulty suggested in it, from the variety of the circumstances of different persons, depends upon the Interpretation of the phrase of ‘being saved
Worship - The necessity of this fast was deduced from Matthew 9:15 ; but it was by a carnal Interpretation of the passage, and an application of it quite contrary to its real sense
Jesus Christ - How, for instance, is it that he is arrayed in the attributes of divinity, and yet is capable of being raised to a kingdom and glory?—that he is addressed, "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever," and yet that it should follow "God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows?"—that he should be God, and yet, by a human birth, "God with us?"—that he should say, "I and my Father are one," and, "My Father is greater than I?"—that he is supreme, and yet a servant?—that he is equal and yet subordinate?—that he, a man, should require and receive worship and trust?—that he should be greater than angels, and yet "made lower than the angels?"—that he should be "made flesh," and yet be the Creator of all things?—that he should raise himself from the dead, and yet be raised by the power of the Father? These and many other declarations respecting him, all accord with the orthodox view of his person; and are intelligible so far as they state the facts respecting him; but are wholly beyond the power of Interpretation into any rational meaning on any theory which denies to him a real humanity on the one hand, or a real and personal divinity on the other
Egypt - These dates, which depend largely on the Interpretation of records of astronomical phenomena, may perhaps be taken as the minimum
Perfection (of Jesus) - That is an a priori Interpretation of His character
Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrrhus - He explained his objections in a long letter to Acacius, which, however, opened a way for pacification by Interpretations of some questionable points in his anathematisms which he refused to withdraw. He controverts the opinion that this book contains the story of the earthly loves of Solomon either with Pharaoh's daughter or with Abishag, or that it is a political allegory, in which the bridegroom represents the monarch and the bride the people, and adopts the spiritual Interpretation by which the bridegroom stands for Jesus Christ and the bride for the church