What does Idol mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
εἰδωλείῳ an idol’s temple 1
(וֶֽאֱלִיל֙) of nought 1
עָצְבִּ֣י idol 1
؟ הַעֶ֨צֶב pain 1
עֵ֥ץ tree 1
הַסֶּ֙מֶל֙ image 1
הַסֶּ֖מֶל image 1
אוֹתוֹ֙ sign of the definite direct object 1
אָ֑וֶן trouble 1
εἰδωλόθυτόν sacrificed to idols 1
εἰδώλου an image 1
εἴδωλον an image 1
εἴδωλόν an image 1
εἰδώλῳ an image 1
εἰδωλόθυτον sacrificed to idols 1
ἱερόθυτόν sacrificed to idols 1
לַשָּׁ֣וְא emptiness 1

Definitions Related to Idol

H5566


   1 image, statue, Idol.
   

H205


   1 trouble, wickedness, sorrow.
      1a trouble, sorrow.
      1b idolatry.
      1c trouble of iniquity, wickedness.
      

H6086


   1 tree, wood, timber, stock, plank, stalk, stick, gallows.
      1a tree, trees.
      1b wood, pieces of wood, gallows, firewood, cedar-wood, woody flax.
      

H457


   1 of nought, good for nothing, worthless.
      1a of physicians, a shepherd, a divination.
      1b of false gods.
      

H6089


   1 pain, hurt, toil, sorrow, labour, hardship.
      1a pain.
      1b hurt, offense.
      1c toil, hardship.
   2 vessel, creation, object.
   3 (TWOT) Idol.
   

H7723


   1 emptiness, vanity, falsehood.
      1a emptiness, nothingness, vanity.
      1b emptiness of speech, lying.
      1c worthlessness (of conduct).
      

G1497


   1 an image, likeness.
      1a i.e. whatever represents the form of an object, either real or imaginary.
      1b used of the shades of the departed, apparitions, spectres, phantoms of the mind, etc.
   2 the image of an heathen god.
   3 a false god.
   

G1494


   1 sacrificed to idols, the flesh left over from the heathen sacrifices.
      1a it was either eaten at the feasts or sold (by the poor and the miserly) in the market.
      

G1493


   1 an Idol’s temple, temple consecrated to idols.
   

Frequency of Idol (original languages)

Frequency of Idol (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Idol
Physical or material image or form representing a reality or being considered divine and thus an object of worship. In the Bible various terms are used to refer to idols or idolatry: “image”, either graven (carved) or cast, “statue,” “abomination.” Both Testaments condemn idols, but with idols the Old Testament expresses more concern than the New, probably reflecting the fact that the threat of idolatry was more pronounced for the people of the Old Testament.
The ancient Hebrews lived in a world filled with idols. Egyptians represented their deities in various human-animal forms. Similarly, the various Mesopotamian cultures used idol representations of their deities, as did the Hittites in ancient Asia Minor. More of a threat to Hebrew worship were the Canaanite Baal and Asherah fertility images, some of which are commonly found in excavations. Use of idols in worship continued to be commonplace in Greek and Roman religion.
One of the prominent distinguishing features of biblical religion is its ideal of imageless worship. Clearly expressed in the decalogue is the command: “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them” (Exodus 20:4-5 ). This is usually interpreted to be a negative statement concerning idols but with positive implications toward the spiritual worship desired by God.
Idols were a problem of long standing. The first rebellion of the Hebrews centered around the golden calf made under Aaron's leadership in the wilderness (Exodus 32:1 ). The bronze serpent illustrates the Hebrews' propensity for idol worship. Moses set it up in the wilderness to allay a plague of serpents (Numbers 21:1 ), but Israel retained it and made it an object of worship (2 Kings 18:4 ). Joshua called on the people to put away the gods their fathers had served in Mesopotamia and in Egypt (Joshua 24:14 ). Perhaps a misguided King Jeroboam intended to represent Yahweh by the gold calves set up in his temples at Bethel and Dan when he led the northern tribes to secede from the kingdom inherited by Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:28-33 ).
Biblical writers often denounced idolatry. None is more graphic and devastating than that in Isaiah 44:9-20 . The idol is made by a workman but is powerless to sustain the workman to complete his task. Further, the idol begins as a leftover piece of a tree from which a person makes a god. He then worships no more than a block of wood.
Many scholars believe that the threat of idolatry was much less in the Jewish community after the Babylonian Exile and that it continued to be diminished though still present throughout New Testament times. The most noted problem in the New Testament concerns the propriety of eating meat which has previously been offered to an idol (1 Corinthians 8-10 ). Paul seemingly broadened the scope of idolatry for Christianity when he identified covetousness with idolatry (Colossians 3:5 ). See Food Offered to Idols ; Gods, Pagan .
Bruce C. Cresson
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Calf-Idol
See Idol, Idolatry
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Idol
Of the 19 Hebrew words for it and IMAGE many express the abhorrence which idolatry deserves and the shame and sorrow of the idolater.
(1) Αwen , "vanity," "nothingness," "wickedness," "sorrow" (Isaiah 66:3; Psalms 115:4-84; Deuteronomy 32:21; 1 Kings 16:13; Psalms 31:6; Jeremiah 8:19; Jeremiah 10:8; Zechariah 10:2; 1 Samuel 15:23). "Beth-el," the house of God, is named "Beth-aven," house of vanity, because of the calf worship.
(2) Εliyl , either a contemptuous diminutive of Εel , God, godling; or from al "not," a "thing of naught." There is a designed contrast between the contemptible liliym and the Divine Εlohim (Psalms 97:7; Isaiah 19:3, "non-entities" margin Ezekiel 30:13).
(3) emah , "terror," (Jeremiah 1:38) "they are mad after their idols," hideous forms more fitted to frighten than to attract, bugbears to frighten children with.
(4) miphletseth , "a fright": Maachah's idol which Asa cut down (1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chronicles 15:16); the phallus, symbol of the generative organ, the nature goddess Asherah's productive power. Jeremiah 10:2-5 graphically describes the making of an idol and its impotence.
(5) bosheth , "shame": not merely shameful, but the essence of shame, bringing shame on its votaries and especially expressing the obscenity of Baal's and Baal Peor's worship (Jeremiah 11:13; Hosea 9:10).
(6) gillulim , from gal "a heap of stones" (Gesenius): Ezekiel 30:13; Ezekiel 16:36; Deuteronomy 29:17, "dungy gods" margin
(7) shiquts , ceremonial "uncleanness" (Ezekiel 37:23). The worshippers "became loathsome like their love," for men never rise above their object of worship; "they that make them are like unto them, so is everyone that trusteth in them" (Jeremiah 2:17).
(8) ceemel , a "likeness" (Deuteronomy 4:16).
(9) tselem , from tseel "a shadow" (Daniel 3:1; 1 Samuel 6:5), "the image" as distinguished from the demuth , "likeness," the exact counterpart (Greek eikoon ; Colossians 1:15; Genesis 1:27). The "image" presupposes a prototype. "Likeness" (Greek homoiosis ) implies mere resemblance, not the exact counterpart and derivation, hence the Son is never called the "likeness" of the Father but the "Image" (1 Corinthians 11:7; Jeremiah 44:17-18,; John 14:9; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Timothy 3:16; 1 Timothy 6:16; Hebrews 1:3). The idol is supposed to be an "image" exactly representing some person or object.
(10) timahuh "similitude," "form "(Deuteronomy 4:12-19, where Moses forbids successively the several forms of Gentile idolatry: ancestor worship, as that of Terah (Joshua 24:2), Laban (Genesis 31:19; Genesis 31:30; Genesis 31:32), and Jacob's household (Genesis 35:2-4), to guard against which Moses' sepulchre was hidden; hero worship and relic worship (Judges 8:27; Judges 17:4; 2 Kings 18:4); nature worship, whether of the lower animals as in Egypt, or of the heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, and stars, as among the Persians).
(11) atzab , etzeb , otzeb , "a figure," from aatzab "to fashion"; with the additional idea of sorrowful labour (John 1:18; Psalms 139:24), "see if there be any wicked way (way of pain, way of an idol, Isaiah 48:5) in me, and lead me in the way everlasting." The way of idolatry, however refined, proves to be a way of pain, and shuts out from the way everlasting (1 John 5:21; Revelation 21:8; 1 Corinthians 10:20-21). Tacitus, the Roman historian (Hist. 5:4), notices the contrast between Judaism and the whole pagan world, which disproves the notion that it borrowed from the latter and consecrated several of their rites.
"The Jews conceive the Divinity as One, and to be understood only by the mind; they deem those profane who form any image of the gods, of perishable materials and after the likeness of men; the Divinity they describe as supreme, eternal, unchangeable, imperishable; hence there are no images in their cities or their temples, with these they would not flatter kings nor honour Caesars."
(12) tsiyr , "a pang," also "a mould" or "shape" (Isaiah 45:16).
(13) matseebah , a "statue" set up (Jeremiah 43:13, margin). Obelisks to the sun god at the city (house) of the sun, as Beth-shemesh or Heliopolis mean; "On" in Genesis 41:45; 2 Kings 3:2; 2 Kings 10:26-27 margin. The "images" or standing columns of wood (subordinate gods worshipped at the same altar with Baal) are distinct from the standing column of stone or "image" of Baal himself, i.e. a conical stone sacred to him.
The Phoenicians anointed stones (often aerolites, as that "which fell down from Jupiter," sacred to Diana of Ephesus, Acts 19:35) to various gods, like the stone anointed by Jacob (Genesis 28:18; Genesis 28:22) at Bethel, called therefore Baetylia (compare also Genesis 31:45). The black pyramidal stone in Juggernaut's temple, that of Cybele at Pessinus in Galatia, the black stone in the Kaaba at Mecca reported to have been brought from heaven by the angel Gabriel, all illustrate the wide diffusion of this form of idolatry. So the Lingams in daily use in the worship of Siva in Bengal, and the black stone daily anointed with perfumed oil in Benares.
(14) chammanim , "sun images." The Arabic Chunnas is the planet Mercury or Venus. The symbol of the Persian sun god was the sacred fire, Amanus or Omanus, Sanskrit homa (2 Chronicles 34:4; 2 Chronicles 34:7; 2 Chronicles 14:3; 2 Chronicles 14:5). Chamman, is a synonym of Baal the sun god in the Phoenician and Palmyrene inscriptions, and so is applied to his statues or lofty, obelisk like, columns (Isaiah 17:8; Isaiah 27:9 margin). These "statues" are associated with the Asherim ("groves" KJV), just as Baal is associated with Asherah or Astarte (1 Kings 14:23, margin 2 Kings 23:14). The Palmyrene inscription at Oxford is, "this chammana the sons of Malchu have dedicated to the sun." Ezekiel 6:4; Ezekiel 6:6; sun worship and Sabeanism or worship of the heavenly hosts (tsebaowt ) was the oldest idolatry.
Job, one of the oldest books in the Bible, alludes to it (Job 31:26), "if I beheld the sun when it shined or the moon ... and my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand, this were an iniquity," etc. In opposition to this error God is called "Lord God of Sabaoth." The tower of Babel was probably built so that its top should be sacred to the heavens (not that its top should reach heaven, Genesis 11:4), the common temple and idolatrous center of union. The dispersion defeated the purpose of the builders, but still they carried with them the idolatrous tendency, attributing their harvests, etc., to the visible material causes, the sun, moon, air, etc. (Jeremiah 44:17). Soon a further step was deifying men, or else attributing every human vice, lust, and passion to the gods. Cicero ridicules this groveling anthropomorphic worship, yet was himself a priest and worshipper!
These sun columns towering high above Baal's altars (2 Chronicles 34:4; 2 Chronicles 34:7) were sometimes of wood, which could be "cut down" (Leviticus 26:30). The Phoenician Adon or Adonis, the Ammonite Moloch or Milcom, the Moabite Chemosh, the Assyrian and Babylonian Bel, and the Syrian Hadad, the Egyptian Ra, are essentially the same sun god. Adrammelech was the male, and Anammelech the female, power of the sun. Gad was the sun, or Jupiter, representing fortune, Meni the moon or Venus, representing fate (Isaiah 65:11). As the sun represents the active, so the moon the passive powers of nature. The two combined are represented as at once male and female, from whence in the Septuagint Baal occurs with masculine and feminine articles, and men worshipped in women's clothes, and women in men's clothes, which explains the prohibition Deuteronomy 22:5.
Magic influences were attributed to sowing mingled seed in a field and to wearing garments of mixed material; hence the prohibition Leviticus 19:19. In Ezekiel 8:17, "they put the branch to their nose" alludes to the idolatrous usage of holding up a branch of tamarisk (called barsom) to the nose at daybreak while they sang hymns to the rising sun (Strabo, 15, section 733). Baal or sun worship appears indicated in the names Bethshemesh, Baal Hermon, Mount Heres ("sun"), Belshazzar, Hadadezer, Hadad Rimmon (the Syrian god).
(15) maskiyt (Leviticus 26:1; Numbers 33:52): "devices"; with eben "stones of device," namely, with figures or hieroglyphics sacred to the several deities on them; "effigied stones" (Minucius Felix, 3). Like "the chambers of imagery" or priests' chambers with idolatrous, pictures on the walls as seen in vision (Ezekiel 8:12), answering to their own perverse imaginations. Gesenius, "a stone with an idol's image, Baal or Astarte."
(16) teraphim . (See TERAPHIM.)
(17) pecel . The process by which stone, metal, or wood was made into a graven or carved image (literally, one trimmed into shape and having had the finishing stroke) is described Isaiah 44:10-20. It was overlaid with gold or silver, and adorned with chains of silver (worn lavishly by rich orientals) and embroidered robes (Jeremiah 10:8-9). "Fastened with nails that it should not be moved" (Isaiah 41:7), to keep the god steady! and that his influence might be secured to the spot (Isaiah 40:19-20; Isaiah 45:20; Ezekiel 16:16-18; margin Judges 3:19; Judges 3:26 (See EGLON, (See EHUD); Deuteronomy 7:25).
(18) pecilim .
(19) nesek , masecah (Isaiah 41:29). "Molten images" (Deuteronomy 27:15). In Exodus 32:4 "Aaron fashioned it with a graying tool (cheret ) after he had made it a golden calf." The sense is, he formed it first of a wooden center, then covered it with a coating of gold, the image so formed being called masecah. The mode of its destruction shows this; the wooden center was first-burnt, then the golden covering was beaten or rubbed to pieces (Deuteronomy 9:20; Deuteronomy 9:21). So Septuagint, Keil, etc. The rendering "he bound it (the gold) up in a bag" is less probable. In Genesis 35:2, Jacob's charge to "his household and to all that were with him Put away the strange gods ('the gods of the foreigner,' the Canaanites) among you, and be clean and change your raiment," it seems surprising that idols should have had place in his household.
The explanation is gathered from what went before, but the connection is so little obvious that it can only be the result of truth not contrivance. Rachel had stolen Laban's images (teraphim ) without Jacob's knowledge (Genesis 31:32); perhaps not for worship but for their gold and silver, to balance what was withheld by him from her. Laban had divined by them, as Genesis 30:27, "I have learned by experience," ought to be translated "I have learned by divination" literally, I have hissed, "I have divined by omens from serpents." Moreover the sons of Jacob had just before (Genesis 30:34) carried away all the spoils of Shechem's city, and among them doubtless their gold and silver idols. The words "all that were with him" point to the captured wives and women, etc. "Change your raiment" was a charge needed for all who had taken part in the slaughter, and so were ceremonially defiled.
There are two degrees in idolatry. Against the worst, that of having other gods besides Jehovah the one only God, the first commandment is directed. Against the less flagrant degree, worshipping the true God under the form of an image or symbolic likeness, representing any of His attributes, the second is directed. The Baal and Asheerah ("groves") worship violated the first command. meat; Aaron's calf worship and Jeroboam's violated the second. Compare 1 Kings 16:30; 2 Kings 10:26-28; 2 Kings 10:31; 2 Kings 17:7-23. So the Roman and Greek universals violate the second commandment in the adoration of the eucharistic mass, the bowing before images, etc., and go perilously near violating the first in the divine titles wherewith they invoke the Virgin Mary. Jeroboam's calves paved the way for Baal worship. See Exodus 20:3, "thou shalt have no other gods before My face."
Polytheism ancient and modern is willing to grant Jehovah the first place among deities; but He will have none "in His presence" which is everywhere (Psalms 139:7). Again no outward form can image God, it only debases instead of helping the worshipper. The principle involved is stated by Paul on Mars' hill, surrounded by the choicest works of genius representing deity (Acts 17:29), "forasmuch as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device." Once that the first visible representation of God is made, or adopted, it entails another and another endlessly, no one or more idols or symbols ever adequately representing all the countless attributes of God. Hence a female deity was added to the male; an Apollo, Venus, Mercury, Diana, etc., etc., must be added to Jupiter; and, instead of one omnipresent God, deities whose power was restricted to localities were worshipped (1 Kings 20:23; 1 Kings 20:28; 2 Kings 17:26).
Like all deviations from truth, the first lie necessitates countless others. "The express image of the Father's person" is the incarnate God Jesus. He alone (not visible images and pictures of Him), as represented in the written word, is the appointed revealer of the unseen God (John 1:18). Israel was God's representative and "peculiar treasure above all people, a kingdom of priests and an holy nation"; the same relation Christ's church now holds (1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9). Israel's kings (when Israel had chosen a visible head instead of the invisible King alone) were under God as their feudal superior (1 Kings 3:14; 1 Kings 11:11). The penalty of overt, idolatry, as being treason against the divine King, was death. The offender's nearest relatives must denounce him, and even be first to stone him (Exodus 22:20; Deuteronomy 13:2-10; Deuteronomy 17:2-5).
Especially Moloch's worship with human sacrifices and passing through the fire entailed death as the penalty. The Canaanites were exterminated for it (Exodus 34:15-16; Deuteronomy 7; Deuteronomy 12:29-31; Deuteronomy 20:17). Israel's disasters were the punishment of their idolatry (1619110493_35). Saul lost his throne, Achan his life, and Hiel his family, for retaining or restoring anything of a people doomed for idolatry (1 Samuel 15; Joshua 7; 1 Timothy 4:1-3). God works out His ends, even His judgments, in the way of natural consequence. The calves of Jeroboam and Baal's groves were the sin. The disgust of all godly Israelites, intestine divisions, a perpetual conflict between the Mosaic law, still in force, and the established national idolatry, and the immorality which results from idolatry, were the natural and penal consequence, bringing ruin finally on the state.
Israel, foremost in the offense under Jeroboam and then Ahab, is first to have prophets sent as censors and seers to counteract the evil, but proving refractory is the first to be carried into captivity. Judah, following the bad example in her turn, has prophets sent whom she rejects and even kills, and at nearly the same interval between the sin and the punishment follows Israel into captivity. Idolatry on the part of the Old Testament Israel, and the spiritual Israel, is high treason against the heavenly King (1 Samuel 8:7) whose direct subjects we avowedly are. The punishments were then temporal (Deuteronomy 17:2-13). Israel's original contract of government is in Exodus 19:3-8; Exodus 20:2-5; Deuteronomy 28, 29, 30.
Often Israel fell from the covenant, and at intervals renewed it. The remarkable confirmation of the divine authority of the law is, it was only in prosperity Israel neglected it, in distress they always cried to God and returned to the law, and invariably received deliverance (Judges 10:10; 2 Chronicles 15:12-13); especially at the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 9:38). Israel's idolatry was not merely an abomination in God's sight, as that of the Gentiles, but spiritual "adultery" against Jehovah her Husband (Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 3:14; Ezekiel 16). Hosea 2:16-17; "thou shalt call Me Ishi (my Husband, the term of affection), no more Baali" (my Lord, the term of rule, defiled by its application to Baal, whose name ought never to be on their lips: Exodus 23:13; Zechariah 13:2), etc.
Fornication formed part of the abominable worship of the idols, especially Baal Peor and Ashtoreth or Astarte, who represented nature's generative powers and (Numbers 25:1-2) to whom qideeshim and qedeeshot public male and female prostitutes, were "consecrated" (as the Hebrew means: Deuteronomy 23:17, etc.; 2 Kings 23:7; Hosea 4:14), "separated with whores (withdrawn from the assembly of worshippers for carnal connection with them) ... sacrifice with the harlots" (so Hebrew) (Herodotus i. 199). This horrid consecrated pollution prevailed in Phoenicia, Syria, Phrygia, Assyria, and Babylonia, and still in Hindu idolatry. Man making lust a sacred duty! This is the force of the phrase, "Israel joined himself unto Baal Peor," as appears in 1 Corinthians 6:16-17, "He which ... is joined to an harlot is one body; for two, saith He, shall be one flesh.
But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit." God chose Egypt as Israel's place of training, though an idolatrous country, but took every precaution, if they would only have heeded Him, to save them from the contagion. He placed them in a separate province; as shepherds they were an abomination to Egyptians, and sacrificed to God the very animals Egypt worshipped (Exodus 8:26). Finally, the Egyptians bitterly oppressed them. Yet the fascinations of idolatry spellbound Israel during their long stay in Egypt (Isaiah 48:5; Ezekiel 20:7), and led them to relapse into the sin from which Abram had been rescued by his call from Ur. God by Moses smote the symbols of Egyptian idolatry with the ten plagues, "executing judgment against all the gods of Egypt" (Exodus 12:12), the river, the wind bringing locusts, the dust of the earth, the cattle, the symbol of Apis (Numbers 33:4). (See EGYPT.)
Yet Israel in all their history showed a continual tendency to adopt the idols of the neighbouring nations; in the desert they "sacrificed unto devils" (saeer , a shaggy goat, worshipped with the foulest rites at Mendes in Lower Egypt. Speaker's Commentary translated "to the evil spirits of the desert": Leviticus 17:7, compare Isaiah 13:21; Isaiah 34:14; 2 Chronicles 11:15). Behind the idols, though nonentities in themselves, lurk real demons, to whom consciously or unconsciously the worship is paid, as inspiration declares (Deuteronomy 32:17), "devils" lasheedim , "destroyers"; as Satan's name Apollyon means; slavish fear being the prompting motive, not love, the idol feaster has his fellowship with demons (1 Corinthians 10:20), even as the communicant in the Lord's supper has by faith real fellowship with the Lord's body once for all sacrificed, and now exalted as the Head of redeemed mankind.
In the northern kingdom of Israel, from Jeroboam down to Hoshea whom Shalmaneser dethroned, no one royal reformer appeared. In Judah several arose, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, Josiah. The Babylonian captivity almost thoroughly purged the Jews from their proneness to idols (Joshua 24:14 contrast Hosea 3:4). But traces appeared still in their partially adopting Greek idolatry and usages for worldly compromise, just before Antiochus Epiphanes' attempt to overthrow Jehovah's worship (1 Maccabees 1:43-54). The heroic resistance of the Maccabees, besides their contact with the Persians who rejected images, and especially the erection of synagogues and the reading the law every sabbath in them, gave them the abhorrence of idols which now characterizes them.
In the Christian church "the deadly wound" that was given to "the beast" (the God-opposed world) by Christianity (Minucius Felix, A.D. 180, and Arnobius adv. Gent. 4:1, mention that the Romans were shocked to find among Christians "no altars, no temples, no images") was speedily "healed" by image worship being revived in the Roman and Greek churches (Daniel 7:8; Daniel 7:11-24; Daniel 7:25; 1 Kings 16:34), so that "the beast that was, and is not (during the brief continuance of the deadly wound), yet is" (Revelation 17:8); and in spite of God's judicial plagues men repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold and silver and brass and stone and wood, which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk" (Revelation 9:20). The deadly wound is healed also by the prevalenee of "covetousness which is idolatry" (Ephesians 5:5; Colossians 3:5) in all Christendom, reformed and
Holman Bible Dictionary - Shrine of His Own Idol
NIV translation in Ezekiel 8:12 . See Chambers of Imagery .
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Idol, Idolatry
The most prevalent form of idolatry in biblical times was the worship of images or idols that represented or were thought to embody various pagan deities.
The Old Testament . From the beginning the threat of idolatry was in the midst of Israel. The forefathers were idolaters and, while Abraham was called out of a polytheistic background (Joshua 24:2 ), some persons brought their gods with them (Genesis 35:2-4 ). Israel's sojourn in Egypt placed them under the influence of the Egyptian religion, but God's sovereignty was manifest by his judgment upon the gods of Egypt (Exodus 12:12 ; Numbers 33:4 ). Israel, however, quickly succumbed to idolatry by worshiping a golden calf at Mount Sinai (Exodus 32 ).
In Canaan Israel was influenced to worship Baal and other deities. Perhaps it was the fact that the Canaanites, who controlled all of the fertile valleys, offered their fertility cult religion as an explanation for greater productivity to the Hebrews, who had to settle for the less productive hills, or it may have been the emphasis upon sexuality that eventually seduced Israel to the worship of idols. Other reasons included materialism (Deuteronomy 31:20 ), intermarriage (1 Kings 11:2-4 ), political persuasion (1 Kings 12:28 ), environmental factors (1 Kings 20:23 ), the conquest of other nations (2 Chronicles 25:14 ), and power (2 Chronicles 28:23 ).
The erection of two golden calves at northern cult centers by Jeroboam testifies to the syncretistic worship of Yahweh and idols that marked the remainder of the Old Testament period as Israel increasingly came under the influence of the Assyrian and Babylonian religions. Toward the end of the divided monarchy idolatry became so rampant that Jeremiah remarked that every town (2:28; 11:13) and all members of the family (7:18) were tainted.
Israel's calling was to the worship of the one true God. God's election separated the people from unholiness and to himself as his special possession. The covenant provided legal parameters for this unique relationship, and the limitation of exclusive worship was a significant part of the covenant. God had chosen Israel and they were to worship and serve him only. They were not to forget God—a process evidenced by disobedience and progressive apostasy to idols (Deuteronomy 8:19 ; 11:16 ). This relationship with God and subsequent legislation by him made idolatry anathema for Israel.
The first commandment is to have no gods before God (Exodus 20:3 ; Deuteronomy 5:7 ). In addition, the construction of any images (Exodus 20:23 ) or even the mention of the names of gods (Exodus 23:13 ) was forbidden. Invoking the name of a god was an acknowledgment of its existence and gave credence to its power. By swearing in the name of another god (1 Kings 19:2 ; 20:10 ), the people would be binding themselves to an allegiance other than God (Joshua 23:7 ).
Since idolatry substituted another for God it violated the people's holiness and was parallel to adultery; hence the frequent use of negative sexual imagery for idolatry, especially by the prophets. Both intermarriage and formal treaties were prohibited because of necessary affiliation with pagan gods (Exodus 23:32-33 ), leading to eventual fellowship (Exodus 34:15 ) and worship of idols (Numbers 25:2-3 ).
Among the most severe commands were the instructions to destroy the inhabitants of Canaan because they served idols (Deuteronomy 7:16 ). Included was the destruction and desecration of their idols (Deuteronomy 7:25 ) and all cultic paraphernalia (Isaiah 44:6-20 ). Insightful are the verbs employed for the destruction of idols. Eradication included cutting and pulling down, smashing, grinding, breaking, burning, and similar physical actions—all reminders of the inability of idols to protect themselves.
Beyond destruction, desecration by scattering the corpses and bones of slain idol worshipers upon centers of idolatry, underlined the degree of impurity idolatry caused (Leviticus 26:30 ). Destruction was to be so extensive that their names (memory) would be eliminated from the cult site (Deuteronomy 12:3 ).
The testimony of Scripture is that God alone is worthy of worship. Active acknowledgment of idols by prostration, sacrifice, or other means of exaltation is not only a misdirection of allegiance; it robs God of the glory and honor that is rightfully his (Isaiah 42:8 ). God even placed limits of philosophical inquiry upon his people, indicating that they were not to seek the method of pagan worship because of associated evil practices (Deuteronomy 12:30-31 ). The sense of Scripture was to destroy idolatry or be destroyed by it.
Since idolatry presented an alternative worldview the pressure to worship idols was felt in all aspects of life. Socially idolatry became a family affair, involving cities, towns, clans, and tribes. Both external documents and the Bible itself testify to pagan theophoric elements in the naming of children. Economically it took the produce of the land and many hours of labor from the worker who brought the fruit of his labor to the priest who officiated over the pagan rituals. The harshest economic contribution were children themselves. Politically the leaders were deeply involved—from the elder who sat at the city gate (Ezekiel 8:11 ) to the king as final authority. Neither priest, prophet, nor prince were exempt from the corruption of idolatry (Jeremiah 32:32-35 ). Leadership was harshly condemned for leading the people astray.
Moral degradation was most pronounced in the act of child sacrifice, but included all of the immorality of the Canaanite fertility cult like the male and female prostitutes at cult sanctuaries. Religious corruption pervaded every area of Israel's life, especially since little distinction was made between spiritual or religious spheres and other areas of life. Priests offered sacrifices to Baal and Yahweh and idols were erected in the temple itself (2 Chronicles 15:16 ; Jeremiah 32:34 ; Ezekiel 8:5-11 ). Places of historic value that testified to the power and presence of God, like Bethel, were turned into cultic shrines (Amos 4:4 ). As time progressed the people even began to explain their past actions in terms of idols.
In contrast to such a bleak picture it is interesting to note that some of the highest accolades of Scripture are reserved for those individuals who shunned idolatry: Abraham, the friend of God; Moses, to whom God spoke face to face; and David, a man after God's own heart, are three examples.
Theologically the reason given for prohibiting idols is that God is unique and unrepresentable. Deuteronomy 4:15-19 states that Israel saw no form of God at Sinai; therefore they were not to make any images of him or any other object of creation. Failure to acknowledge God as sovereign Creator opens the door to idolatry and spiritual blindness ( Isaiah 42:5-9 ). Making images of foreign gods and attempting to represent the Lord were both forbidden as contradictions of the monotheistic revelation of God.
Scripture views idols as impotent. They are powerless to save (Deuteronomy 12:29 ). When Israel called upon idols there was no response. Israel was even told, with the voice of irony, to call upon idols for help (Deuteronomy 32:28 ; Judges 10:14 ; Jeremiah 11:12 ) but the gods could not even save their own people (2 Chronicles 25:15 ). Idols are nothing (Jeremiah 51:17-18 ) and lifeless (Psalm 106:28 ).
Reference to the construction of idols in Scripture is more prevalent than might be expected. From the selection of materials to the final embellishment of eye paint the process is most effectively portrayed in the great prophetic parodies of 1619110493_17 and Jeremiah 10:1-16 . This attraction for many to worship an idol—its tangible nature—is also its greatest weakness. Fabricated by human hands, idols cannot see, hear, smell, walk, or talk (Deuteronomy 4:28 ; Psalm 115:5-7 ; Habakkuk 2:18-19 ). Idols are not to be feared since they can do neither harm nor good (Jeremiah 10:5 ). What makes the polemic against idols so significant is that other religions condoned the making of images—the Lord did not!
Recorded in Scripture are the results of idolatry for both humankind and God. Those who venerate images are said to be deceived (Isaiah 44:20 ), shamed (Isaiah 44:11 ), and foolish (Jeremiah 10:8 ), eventually imitating the worthless idols they worship (2 Kings 17:15 ; Hosea 9:10 ). The inevitable outcome is destruction, death, and the judgment of God (Jonah 2:8 ).
God's first and foremost reaction to idolatry is anger. Because idolatry challenges his person and his love for his people it is viewed in terms of God being jealous (a consuming zeal for what was rightfully his) and impugns his very name (Exodus 34:14 ). That God did not destroy Israel because of their idolatry is clear evidence of his mercy and faithfulness. In the end God promises to destroy all the gods of the nations (Zephaniah 2:11 ) and looks forward to the day when the people will throw away their idols and return to him (Isaiah 30:22 ).
The New Testament . Following the exile and subsequent intertestamental struggles, the Jews no longer fell prey to physical idolatry. This is why idolatry is rarely mentioned in the Gospels. As the gospel message spread it encountered various forms of idolatry in the pagan world as attested in Acts, especially Paul's encounters at Athens (17:16-31) and Ephesus (19:23-34).
The pressure of idolatry on Gentile believers explains the numerous references to idolatry in Paul's Epistles. Teaching about foods offered to idols is an excellent example of the struggle of maturing Christians with idolatry. The fact that idolatry would continue to be a threat to the church is underscored by the many references to the worship of the image of the beast in Revelation.
The New Testament stresses the exceeding sinfulness of idolatry. Frequent listing of sins includes idolatry (1 Corinthians 6:9-10 ; Galatians 5:20 ; Ephesians 5:5 ; Colossians 3:5 ; 1 Peter 4:3 ; Revelation 21:8 ) and Paul instructs believers not to associate with idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:11 ; 10:14 ). Distortion brought about by idolatry is emphatically set forth in Romans 1:18-32 , where image worship is seen as a downward spiral away from the true God.
The Bible understands that idolatry extends beyond the worship of images and false gods. It is a matter of the heart, associated with pride, self-centeredness, greed, gluttony (Philippians 3:19 ), and a love for possessions (Matthew 6:24 ).
Idolatry is a major theme of the Bible. It challenges God's sovereignty and attempts to offer an alternate explanation to the issues of life. But Scripture not only records people's failures; it also records the hope of repentance. In his mercy God raised up men and women who challenged the faulty theology of the community. Admonitions are laced with appeals for repentance, reform, and restoration, one indication being the elimination of idolatry. To serve other gods is to forsake God; to eliminate idolatry is a sign of return. Paul's commendation to the Thessalonian believers emphasized their turning from the service of idols "to serve the living and true God" (1Thess1:9).
Robert D. Spender
See also Divination ; Gods and Goddesses, Pagan
Bibliography . F. BŸchsel, TDNT, 2:375-80; F. M. Cross, Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic ; D. N. Freedman, Int 21 (1967): 32-49; J. A. Gileadi, ed., Israel's Apostasy and Restoration: Essays in Honor of Roland K. Harrison ; R. L. Harris, TWOT, 1:353-54; Y. Kaufmann, The Religion of Israel from Its Beginning to the Babylonian Exile ; W. Mundle, NIDNTT, 2:284-86; T. Overholt, JTS 16 (1965): 1-12; H. D. Preuss, TDOT, 2:1-5.
Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Idol
Jeremiah 22:28 (a) This type refers to a man who had been extolled by the people and then had been cast down. The hopes of the people were wrecked with his downfall.
Zechariah 11:17 (a) This is a reference to a religious leader who, after winning the hearts of his people, deserts them and leaves them empty, hungry and helpless.
1 John 5:21 (b) An idol in the Christian's life is anything or any person that takes the heart and love away from the Lord or that comes between the child of GOD and GOD. It may be money, fame, pleasure, companionship, or even a religious activity.
Webster's Dictionary - Idol
(1):
(n.) That on which the affections are strongly (often excessively) set; an object of passionate devotion; a person or thing greatly loved or adored.
(2):
(n.) A false notion or conception; a fallacy.
(3):
(n.) An image of a divinity; a representation or symbol of a deity or any other being or thing, made or used as an object of worship; a similitude of a false god.
(4):
(n.) An image or representation of anything.
King James Dictionary - Idol
I'DOL, n. L. idolum Gr. form or to see.
1. An image, form or representation, usually of a man or other animal, consecrated as an object of worship a pagan deity. Idols are usually statues or images, carved out of wood or stone, or formed of metals, particularly silver or gold. The gods of the nations are idols. Psalms 96
2. An image. Nor ever idol seemed so much alive.
3. A person loved and honored to adoration. The prince was the idol of the people. 4. Any thing on which we set our affections that to which we indulge an excessive and sinful attachment. Little children, keep yourselves from idols. 1 John 5
An idol is any thing which usurps the place of God in the hearts of his rational creatures.
5. A representation. Not in use.
CARM Theological Dictionary - Idol, Idolatry
An idol is a representation of something in the heavens or on the earth. It is used in worship and is often worshiped. It is an abomination to God (Exodus 20:4). Idolatry is bowing down before such an idol in adoration, prayer, or worship. In a loose sense, idolatry does not necessitate a material image or a religious system. It can be anything that takes the place of God: a car, a job, money, a person, a desire, etc. Idolatry is denounced by God at the beginning of the Ten Commandments and is considered a form of spiritual fornication.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Idol
See Idolatry
Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words - Idol
Terâphı̂ym (תְּרָפִים, Strong's #8655), “idol; household idol; cultic mask; divine symbol.” This word is a loanword from Hittite-Hurrian (tarpish) which in West Semitic assumes the basic form tarpi. Its basic meaning is “spirit” or “demon.” Biblical Hebrew attests this word 15 times.
Terâphı̂ym first appears in Gen. 31:19: “And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the [1] that were her father’s.” Hurrian law of this period recognized “household idols” as deeds to the family’s succession and goods. This makes these terâphı̂ym (possibly a plural of majesty as is ’elohim when used of false gods; cf. 1 Kings 11:5, 33) extremely important to Laban in every way.
In 1 Sam. 19:13 we read that “Michal took the terâphı̂ym [2] and laid it on the bed, and put a quilt of goat’s hair at its head, and covered it with blankets” (author’s translation). In view of 1 Sam. 19:11, where it is said that they were in David’s private quarters, supposing that this terâphı̂ym was a “household idol” is difficult, although not impossible. Some scholars suggest that this was a “cultic” mask used in worshiping God.
Either of the former suggestions is the possible meaning of the word in the Micah incident recorded in Judg. 17-18. Notice in Judg. 17:5: “… Micah had a house of gods, and made an ephod, and terâphı̂ym and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.” In Judg. 18:14 terâphı̂ym appears to be distinguished from idols: “… there is in these houses an ephod, and terâphı̂ym, and a graven image, and a molten image?” The verses that follow suggest that the graven image and the molten image may have been the same thing: Judg. 18:17 uses all four words in describing what the Danites stole; Judg. 18:20 omits “molten image” from the list; and Judg. 18:31 reports that only the graven image was set up for worship. We know that the ephod was a special priestly garment. Could it be that terâphı̂ym was a “cultic mask” or some other symbol of the divine presence?
Thus terâphı̂ym may signify an “idol,” a “cultic mask,” or perhaps a “symbol of the divine presence.” In any case the item is associated with pagan worship and perhaps with worship of God.
'Ĕlı̂yl (אֱלִיל, Strong's #457), “idol; gods; nought; vain.” The 20 occurrences of this noun are primarily in Israel’s legal code and the prophetic writings (especially Isaiah). Cognates of this word appear in Akkadian, Syriac, and Arabic.
This disdainful word signifies an “idol” or “false god.” 'Ĕlı̂yl first appears in Lev. 19:4: “Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods.…” In Lev. 26:1 the ’elilim are what Israel is forbidden to make: “Ye shall make you no idols.…” The irony of this is biting not only with respect to the usual meaning of this word but also in view of its similarity to the usual word for God (‘elohim; cf. Ps. 96:5): “For all the gods [3] of the people are idols [3] …” (1 Chron. 16:26). Second, this word can mean “nought” or “vain.” 1 Chron. 16:26 might well be rendered: “For all the gods of the people are nought.” This nuance appears clearly in Job 13:4: “But ye are forgers of lies; ye are all physicians of no value [5].” Jeremiah told Israel that their prophets were “prophesy [6] unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought …”. Gillûl (גִּלֻּל, Strong's #1544), “idols.” Of the 48 occurrences of this word, all but 9 appear in Ezekiel. This word for “idols” is a disdainful word and may originally have meant “dung pellets”: “And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you” (Lev. 26:30).
This word and others for “idol” exhibit the horror and scorn that biblical writers felt toward them. In passages such as Isa. 66:3 the word for “idol,” ‘awen, means “uncanny or wickedness.” Jer. 50:38 evidences the word ‘emim, which means “fright or horror.” The word ‘elil appears for “idol” in Lev. 19:4; it means “nothingness or feeble.” 1 Kings 15:13 uses the Hebrew word, mipletset, meaning a “horrible thing, a cause of trembling.” A root signifying to make an image or to shape something, ‘tsb (a homonym of the root meaning “sorrow and grief”) is used in several passages (cf. 1 Sam. 31:9).
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Idol
An image or anything used as an object of worship in place of the true God. Among the earliest objects of worship, regarded as symbols of deity, were the meteoric stones,which the ancients believed to have been images of the Gods sent down from heaven. From these they transferred their regard to rough unhewn blocks, to stone columns or pillars of wood, in which the divinity worshipped was supposed to dwell, and which were connected, like the sacred stone at Delphi, by being anointed with oil and crowned with wool on solemn days. Of the forms assumed by the idolatrous images we have not many traces in the Bible. Dagon, the fish-god of the Philistines, was a human figure terminating in a fish; and that the Syrian deities were represented in later times in a symbolical human shape we know for certainty. When the process of adorning the image was completed, it was placed in a temple or shrine appointed for it. Epist. (Jeremiah 12:1 ; Jeremiah 19:1 ) ... Wisd. 13:15; (1 Corinthians 18:10 ) From these temples the idols were sometimes carried in procession, Epist. (Jeremiah 4:26 ) on festival days. Their priests were maintained from the idol treasury, and feasted upon the meats which were appointed for the idols' use. Bel and the Dragon 3,13.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Idol
Heb. aven, "nothingness;" "vanity" (Isaiah 66:3 ; 41:29 ; Deuteronomy 32:21 ; 1 Kings 16:13 ; Psalm 31:6 ; Jeremiah 8:19 , etc.).
'Elil, "a thing of naught" (Psalm 97:7 ; Isaiah 19:3 ); a word of contempt, used of the gods of Noph (Ezekiel 30:13 ).
'Emah, "terror," in allusion to the hideous form of idols (Jeremiah 50:38 ).
Miphletzeth, "a fright;" "horror" (1 Kings 15:13 ; 2 Chronicles 15:16 ).
Bosheth, "shame;" "shameful thing" (Jeremiah 11:13 ; Hosea 9:10 ); as characterizing the obscenity of the worship of Baal.
Gillulim, also a word of contempt, "dung;" "refuse" (Ezekiel 16:36 ; 20:8 ; Deuteronomy 29:17 , marg.).
Shikkuts, "filth;" "impurity" (Ezekiel 37:23 ; Nahum 3:6 ).
Semel, "likeness;" "a carved image" (Deuteronomy 4:16 ).
Tselem, "a shadow" (Daniel 3:1 ; 1 Samuel 6:5 ), as distinguished from the "likeness," or the exact counterpart.
Temunah, "similitude" (Deuteronomy 4:12-19 ). Here Moses forbids the several forms of Gentile idolatry.
'Atsab, "a figure;" from the root "to fashion," "to labour;" denoting that idols are the result of man's labour (Isaiah 48:5 ; Psalm 139:24 , "wicked way;" literally, as some translate, "way of an idol").
Tsir, "a form;" "shape" (Isaiah 45:16 ).
Matztzebah, a "statue" set up (Jeremiah 43:13 ); a memorial stone like that erected by Jacob (Genesis 28:18 ; 31:45 ; 35:14,20 ), by (Joshua 4:9 ), and by Samuel (1 Samuel 7:12 ). It is the name given to the statues of Baal (2 Kings 3:2 ; 10:27 ).
Hammanim, "sun-images." Hamman is a synonym of Baal, the sun-god of the Phoenicians (2 Chronicles 34:4,7 ; 14:3,5 ; Isaiah 17:8 ).
Maskith, "device" (Leviticus 26:1 ; Numbers 33:52 ). In Leviticus 26:1 , the words "image of stone" (A.V.) denote "a stone or cippus with the image of an idol, as Baal, Astarte, etc." In Ezekiel 8:12 , "chambers of imagery" (maskith), are "chambers of which the walls are painted with the figures of idols;" Compare ver. 10,11.
Pesel, "a graven" or "carved image" (Isaiah 44:10-20 ). It denotes also a figure cast in metal (Deuteronomy 7:25 ; 27:15 ; Isaiah 40:19 ; 44:10 ).
Massekah, "a molten image" (Deuteronomy 9:12 ; Judges 17:3,4 ).
Teraphim, pl., "images," family gods (penates) worshipped by Abram's kindred (Joshua 24:14 ). Put by Michal in David's bed (Judges 17:5 ; 18:14,17,18,20 ; 1 Samuel 19:13 ). "Nothing can be more instructive and significant than this multiplicity and variety of words designating the instruments and inventions of idolatry."
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Idol, Idolatry
The word idol signifies literally a representation or figure. It is always employed in Scripture in a bad sense, for representations of heathen deities of what nature soever. God forbids all sorts of idols, or figures and representations of creatures, formed or set up with intention of paying superstitious worship to them, Exodus 20:3,4 34:13 Deuteronomy 4:16-19 7:25,26 . He also forbids all attempts to represent him by any visible form, Exodus 32:4,5 Deuteronomy 4:15 Nehemiah 9:18 .
The heathen had idols of all sorts-paintings, bas-reliefs, and all varieties of sculpture-and these of many kinds of materials, as gold, silver, brass, stone, wood, potters earth, etc. Stars, spirits, men, animals, rivers, plants, and elements were the subjects of them. Scarcely an object or power in nature, scarcely a faculty of the soul, a virtue, a vice, or a condition of human life, has not received idolatrous worship. See STARS. Some nations worshipped a rough stone. Such is the black stone of the ancient Arabs, retained by Mohammed, and now kept in the Caaba at Mecca.
It is impossible to ascertain the period at which the worship of false gods and idols was introduced. No mentioned is made of such worship before the deluge; though from the silence of Scripture we cannot argue that it did not exist. Josephus and many of the fathers were of opinion, that soon after the deluge idolatry became prevalent; and certainly, whenever we turn our eyes after the time of Abraham, we see only a false worship. That patriarch's forefathers, and even he himself, were implicated in it, as is evident from Joshua 24:2,14 .
The Hebrews had no peculiar form of idolatry; they imitated the superstitions of others, but do not appear to have been the inventors of any. When they were in Egypt, many of them worshipped Egyptians deities, Ezekiel 20:8 ; in the wilderness, they worshipped those of the Canaaites, Egyptians, Ammonites, and Moabites; in Judea, those of the Phoenicians, Syrians, and other people around them, Numbers 25:1-18 Judges 10:6 Amos 5:25 Acts 7:42 . Rachel, it may be, had adored idols at her father Laban's, since she carried off his teraphim, Genesis 31:30 . Jacob after his return from Mesopotamia, required his people to reject the strange gods from among them and also the superstitious pendants worn by them in their ears, which he hid under a terebinth near Shechem. He preserved his family in the worship of God while he lived.
Under the government of the judges, "the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and served Baalim. They forsook the Lord God of their fathers, and served Baal and Ashtaroth," Judges 2:11,12 . Gideon, after he had been favored by God with a miraculous deliverance, made an ephod, which ensnared the Israelites in unlawful worship, Judges 8:27 . Micah's teraphim also were the objects of idolatrous worship, even till the captivity of Israel in Babylon, Judges 17:5 18:30,31 . See TERAPHIM .
During the times of Samuel, Saul, and David, the worship of God seems to have been preserved pure in Israel. There was corruption and irregularity of manners, but little or no idolatry. Solomon, seduced by complaisance to his strange wives, caused temples to be erected in honor of Ashtoreth goddess of the Phoenicians, Moloch god of the Ammonites, and Chemosh god of the Moabites. Jeroboam, who succeeded Solomon, set up golden calves at Dan and Bethel, and made Israel to sin. The people, no longer restrained by royal authority, worshipped not only these golden calves, but many other idols, particularly Baal and Ashtoreth. Under the reign of Ahab, idolatry reached its height. The impious Jezebel endeavored to extinguish the worship of the Lord, by persecuting his prophets, (who, as a barrier, still retained some of the people in the true religion,) till God, incensed at their idolatry, abandoned Israel to the kings of Assyria and Chaldea, who transplanted them beyond the Euphrates. Judah was almost equally corrupted. The descriptions given by the prophets of their irregularities and idolatries, of their abominations and lasciviousness on the high places and in woods consecrated to idols, and of their human sacrifices, fill us with dismay, and unveil the awful corruption of the heart of man. See MOLOCH. After the return from Babylon, we do not find the Jews any more reproached with idolatry. They expressed much zeal for the worship of God, and except some transgressor under Antichus Epiphanes, the people kept themselves clear from this sin.
As the maintenance of the worship of the only true God was one of the fundamental objects of the Mosaic polity, and as God was regarded as the king of the Israelitish nation, so we find idolatry, that is, the worship of other gods, occupying, in the Mosaic law, the first place in the list of crimes. It was indeed a crime, not merely against God, but also against the fundamental law of the state, and thus a sort of high treason. The only living and true God was also the civil legislator and ruler of Israel, and accepted by them as their king; and hence idolatry was a crime against the state, and therefore just as deservedly punished with death, as high treason is in modern times. By the Jewish law, an idolatrous city must be wholly destroyed, with all it contained, Deuteronomy 13:12-18 17:2,5 .
At the present day, idolatry, prevails over a great portion of the earth, and is practiced by about 600,000,000 of the human race. Almost all the heathen nations, as the Chinese, the Hindoos, the South Sea islanders, etc., have their images, to which they bow down and worship. In some lands professedly Christians, it is to be feared that the adoration of crucifixes and paintings is nothing more nor less than idol-worship. But when we regard idolatry in a moral point of view, as consisting not merely in the external worship of false gods, but in the preference of, and devotion to something else than the Most High, how many Christians must then fall under this charge. Whoever loves this world, or the pursuits of wealth or honor ambition, or selfishness in any form, and for these forgets or neglects God and Christ, such a one is an idolater in as bad sense at least as the ancient Israelites, and cannot hope to escape an awful condemnation, Colossians 3:5 .
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Idol
1: εἴδωλον (Strong's #1497 — noun, masculine — eidolon — i'-do-lon ) primarily "a phantom or likeness" (from eidos, "an appearance," lit., "that which is seen"), or "an idea, fancy," denotes in the NT (a) "an idol," an image to represent a false god, Acts 7:41 ; Acts 14:15-186 ; Revelation 9:20 ; (b) "the false god" worshipped in an image, Acts 15:20 ; Romans 2:22 ; 1 Corinthians 8:4,7 ; 10:19 ; 2 Corinthians 6:16 ; 1 Thessalonians 1:9 ; 1 John 5:21 .
"The corresponding Heb. word denotes 'vanity,' Jeremiah 14:22 ; 18:15 ; 'thing of nought,' Leviticus 19:4 , marg., cp. Ephesians 4:17 . Hence what represented a deity to the Gentiles, was to Paul a 'vain thing,' Acts 14:15 ; 'nothing in the world,' 1 Corinthians 8:4 ; 10:19 . Jeremiah calls the idol a 'scarecrow' ('pillar in a garden,' Jeremiah 10:5 , marg.), and Isaiah, Isaiah 44:9-20 , etc., and Habakkuk, Habakkuk 2:18,19 and the Psalmist, Psalm 115:4-8 , etc., are all equally scathing. It is important to notice, however, that in each case the people of God are addressed. When he speaks to idolaters, Paul, knowing that no man is won by ridicule, adopts a different line, 1619110493_36 ; 17:16,21-31 ."* [1]
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Idol, Idolatry
God’s law-code given to Israel expresses in writing the timeless truth that Yahweh alone is God; there is no other. No image of any sort should be an object of worship, whether used as a symbol of the true God or as the representative of some other (false) god (Exodus 20:4-5; Exodus 34:17; Deuteronomy 13:2-527).
Since images of human creation can be true representations of God, such images cannot possibly lead to an increased appreciation of God (Isaiah 40:18; Isaiah 55:8-9). They dishonour God through hiding his glory, and mislead people through giving them wrong ideas of God (Deuteronomy 4:15-18; Romans 1:21-23).
Idolatry in Israel
Abraham, the father of Israel, came from a land of idol worshippers, but he renounced idols when he came to know the one true God (Joshua 24:2; Joshua 24:15). Some of Abraham’s relatives, however, who did not share Abraham’s faith, continued to have private household gods (Genesis 31:19).
The penalty that Israelite law laid down for idol worship was death (Exodus 22:20; 1619110493_5; Deuteronomy 17:2-5). Yet the people of Israel repeatedly fell into idolatry through copying the practices of the people around them (Judges 2:12; Judges 10:6; Judges 17:3-6; Jeremiah 44:15-19). Because they did not know what Yahweh looked like, they copied the forms of the gods of other religions (Exodus 32:4; Deuteronomy 4:12; 1 Kings 12:28; Hosea 13:2). The form of idolatry that Israel most frequently fell into was Baalism (2 Kings 17:15-16; see BAAL). In addition the people sometimes took objects that had played an important part in God’s dealings with Israel and wrongfully made them into objects of worship (Judges 8:27; 2 Kings 18:4).
At different times the kings of Judah carried out reforms in which they destroyed all the idols in the land (2 Chronicles 31:1; 2 Chronicles 34:4). But idolatrous tendencies were so deeply rooted in the lives of the people that they were never entirely removed. In the end they were the reason why God destroyed the nation and sent the people into captivity (2 Kings 17:7-18; 2 Kings 21:10-15). The period of captivity broke the people’s association with the idols of Canaan, and when the Jews later returned from captivity, idolatry ceased to be a major problem (Ezekiel 36:22-29; Ezekiel 37:23; Hosea 2:16-19).
Idolatry in other nations
God’s messengers condemned idolatry not only among Israelites, but also among Gentiles. As people observed the created world they should have recognized that there was a Creator, and responded by offering him thankful worship. Instead they turned away from the Creator and made created things their idols (Romans 1:19-23). God’s prophets mocked these lifeless idols and denounced both those who made them and those who worshipped them (Psalms 115:4-8; Isaiah 2:8; Isaiah 40:18-20; Isaiah 41:6-7; Isaiah 44:9-20; Isaiah 46:1-2; Isaiah 46:5-7).
The reason for the prophets’ condemnation of idols was not just that idols were lifeless pieces of wood or stone, but that behind the idols were demonic forces. Idols were enemies of God and were disgusting and hateful in his sight (Deuteronomy 7:25; Deuteronomy 29:17; Deuteronomy 32:16-17; Ezekiel 36:17-18; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 1 Corinthians 10:19-20).
Warnings to Christians
When people turn to believe in the true and living God, they automatically turns away from their idols (1 Thessalonians 1:9). Any refusal to turn from their idols shows that they have not really repented (Revelation 9:20).
A common tendency among those who worship idols is a feeling that they are free to practise all kinds of sins, since a lifeless idol is unable to punish them (Romans 1:23-32; Ephesians 4:17-19). The self-satisfaction that comes from performing some act of idol worship produces a moral laziness and a relaxing of control over lustful desires. This is no doubt why the Bible often links idolatry with immorality (1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 10:7-8; Galatians 5:19-20; Revelation 9:20-21; Revelation 21:8; Revelation 22:15; cf. Numbers 25:1-2) and because immorality is a form of covetousness, idolatry is linked with covetousness (1 Corinthians 5:11; Ephesians 5:3; Ephesians 5:5). People may give so much attention to what they covet that the coveted thing takes the place of God and so becomes an idol (Colossians 3:5; see COVET).
Idolatry is linked also with wrong beliefs concerning Christ. Jesus Christ, the Son of God who died for sinners, is the true God who gives believers eternal life. The substitutes invented by false teachers are false gods, and therefore believers must keep away from them (1 John 5:20-21).
Food offered to idols
In a society where the worship of idols is widespread, Christians sometimes face the problem of whether to eat food that others have previously offered to idols. This concerns food eaten in feasts at an idolatrous temple and food eaten in meals at home.
Some Christians may feel free to eat such food, for they know that the idol is only a piece of wood or stone and that it cannot in any way change the food. Others, having once worshipped idols as if they really had life, feel it would be wrong for them to eat such food. They could easily be led into sin through doing what they believe to be wrong. Christians who feel they have the right to eat idol food should therefore limit their personal freedom, so that they do not risk damaging another believer’s life (1 Corinthians 8; 1 Corinthians 10:23-24; 1 Corinthians 10:31-33; cf. Acts 15:20; Acts 15:29; Romans 14:13-23).
Another consideration is that eating together signifies fellowship. In the Lord’s Supper, those who eat the bread and drink the wine are united together with Christ, spiritually sharing in him. Similarly, those who join in idol feasts are having fellowship with the idol or, worse still, with the evil spirit behind the idol (1 Corinthians 10:14-22; cf. Exodus 32:4-6; Daniel 5:1; Daniel 5:4).
The refusal of Christians to take part in idol feasts is because of this element of fellowship, not because the food itself is changed. When they buy food at the market or eat at the house of pagan friends, they have no need to ask whether the food has been offered to idols. If the food has no obvious idolatrous associations, they should eat it and be thankful to God for it (1 Corinthians 10:25-27). If, however, someone tells them the food has been offered to idols, they should not eat, because others might misunderstand and, thinking Christians may join in idol worship, fall into sin (1 Corinthians 10:28-30).
Towards the end of the first century AD, certain false teachers actually encouraged Christians to eat food that they knew had been offered to idols. They claimed this demonstrated the Christian’s freedom from rules and regulations, but in practice it led to immorality (Revelation 2:14; Revelation 2:20). God promises a special reward to those who overcome such temptations (Revelation 2:17; Revelation 2:26-28).

Sentence search

Jealousy, Image of - The term for an Idol in Ezekiel 8:3 ,Ezekiel 8:3,8:5 . The meaning is either that the Idol evokes God's jealousy or that the Idol is identified with Asherah, the goddess of passionate love
Bajith - House, probably a city of Moab, which had a celebrated Idol-temple (Isaiah 15:2 ). It has also been regarded as denoting simply the temple of the Idol of Moab as opposed to the "high place
Idolatry - See Idol
Images - See Idol
Image Worship - See Idol
Idolatry - (See Idol
Chemarim - In Zephaniah 1:4 distinct from "the priests," from chamar "to burn" or "blacken," the black-attired ministers of the Idol priests, who felled the victim at the altar. Or they were named from branding Idol marks on their foreheads, Idol fanatics
Calf-Idol - See Idol, Idolatry ...
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Beeliada - An open Idol
Images - See Idol, Idolatry ...
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Ethbaal - Toward the Idol
Baal-Berith - Idol of the covenant
Zalmunna - Shadow; image; Idol forbidden
Baal-Gad - Idol of fortune or felicity
Baali - My Idol; lord over me
Medium - See Divination ; Idol, Idolatry ; Necromancy ...
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Esh-Baal - The fire of the Idol
Juggernaut - ...
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A particular form of Vishnu, or of Krishna, whose chief Idol and worship are at Puri, in Orissa. The Idol is considered to contain the bones of Krishna and to possess a soul. The principal festivals are the Snanayatra, when the Idol is bathed, and the Rathayatra, when the image is drawn upon a car adorned with obscene paintings. It is now known that any death within the temple of Jagannath is considered to render the place unclean, and any spilling of blood in the presence of the Idol is a pollution
Beth-Baalmeon - An Idol of the dwelling-place
Baal-Meon - Idol or master of the house
Bel - The chief Idol of the Babylonians
Dagon - We have the relation concerning this Idol, Judges 16:23 and again, 1 Samuel 5:2, etc. Some historians say, that the Idol was formed like a fish
Mammet - ) An Idol; a puppet; a doll
Jerubbesheth - Let the Idol of confusion defend itself
Bealiah - The god of an Idol; in an assembly
Joss - ) A Chinese household divinity; a Chinese Idol
Chiun - An Idol
Baal-Shalisha - The god that presides over three; the third Idol
Baal-Zephon - The Idol or possession of the north; hidden; secret
Baalah - Her Idol; she that is governed or subdued; a spouse
Anito - ) In Guam and the Philippines, an Idol, fetich, or spirit
Devata - ) A deity; a divine being; a good spirit; an Idol
Nibhaz - Idol introduced into Samaria by the Avites
Deva - ) A god; a deity; a divine being; an Idol; a king
Tartak - An Idol, introduced by the Avites into Samaria, 2 Kings 17:31
Nergal - An Idol of the Cuthites. The Jewish rabbins fancied that this Idol was figured by a cock
Pagod - ) An Idol
Merodach - An Idol of Babylon
Malcam - , RSV, "their king;" Jeremiah 49:1,3 , RSV; Zephaniah 1:5 ), the national Idol of the Ammonites. When Rabbah was taken by David, the crown of this Idol was among the spoils
Baal - An Idol among the ancient Chaldeans and Syrians, representing the sun. The word signifies also lord, or commander and the character of the Idol was varied by different nations, at different times
Nis'Roch - (the great eagle ) an Idol of Nineveh, in whose temple Sennacherib was worshipping when assassinated by his sons, Adrammelech and Shizrezer. ( 2 Kings 19:37 ; Isaiah 37:38 ) This Idol is identified with the eagle-headed human figure, which is one of the most prominent on the earliest Assyrian monuments, and is always represented as contending with and conquering the lion or the bull
Chi'un - (a statue , perhaps of Saturn), an Idol made by the Israelites in the wilderness
Remphan - An Idol, the same as Chiun
Jerubbesheth - , Idol, a surname also of Gideon (2 Samuel 11:21 )
Baphomet - ) An Idol or symbolical figure which the Templars were accused of using in their mysterious rites
Baal-Meon - This was the Idol of Beth-jesimoth, and is rendered, "the Lord of the house
Nergal - An Idol of the men of Cuth, (2 Kings 17:30) compounded of Ner and Gal, light discovered
Nisroch - An Assyrian Idol, in the temple of which at Nineveh Sennacheribwas slain
Mammon - Personified as a heart Idol
Ashima - An Idol introduced into Samaria by the colonists sent from Hamath by the king of Assyria
Terah - (1883-1678 BCE) Idolatrous father of Abraham. According to the Midrash, he was an Idol merchant
Idolatrize - ) To make in Idol of; to Idolize. ) To worship Idols; to pay Idolatrous worship
Nisroch - An Idol of the Assyrians—derived from the same root as Nisan, but not an Hebrew derivation
Golden calf - The: the Idol made by the Jews when it appeared to them that Moses would not be coming down from Mount Sinai ...
Chapel - A holy place or sanctuary, occurs only in Amos 7:13 , where one of the Idol priests calls Bethel "the king's chapel
Idol - Idolum Gr. Idols are usually statues or images, carved out of wood or stone, or formed of metals, particularly silver or gold. The gods of the nations are Idols. Nor ever Idol seemed so much alive. The prince was the Idol of the people. Little children, keep yourselves from Idols. 1 John 5 ...
An Idol is any thing which usurps the place of God in the hearts of his rational creatures
Nibhaz - The Idol which the Avites made
Malcham - ) Another form of Milcom and Moloch, the Idol of Moab and Ammon (Zephaniah 1:5; Jeremiah 49:1-3; Amos 1:15)
Nibhaz - An Idol of the Avvites ( 2 Kings 17:31 )
Mawmet - ) A puppet; a doll; originally, an Idol, because in the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Mohammedans worshiped images representing Mohammed
Baal-Peor - This was the famous, or rather infamous dunghill Idol of Moab; and which they tempted the Israelites worship. " (Numbers 25:1-3; Hosea 9:10) From what this prophet saith of their shame; and from the impure name of this strumpet Idol; there is reason to believe that the greatest indecency was joined with Idolatry, in the, worship of this Baal-peor
Milcom - The Idol of the Ammonites, the worship of which was adopted by Solomon
Chalkstone - Idol-altars are compared to soft limestone, which will soon be reduced to powder when God's set time has arrived to bless Israel
Baal-Berith - Judges 8:33; Jdg 9:4 This dunghill god was made the Idol of the children of Israel, after the death of Gideon. But what covenant? Was Israel so far gone in Idolatry, as not only to set up an Idol, but to insult JEHOVAH in his gracious covenant? To what an awful state is our nature reduced by the fall! Into what an awful apostacy may, and will, every man sink, void of grace! Reader, turn to that sweet covenant promine, Jeremiah 32:40
Beelzebub - This name is derived from Baal-zebub, an Idol deity among the Ekronites, signifying lord of flies, fly-baal, fly-god, whose office was to protect his worshippers from the torment of the gnats and flies with which that region was infested, 2 Kings 1:2,3,16 . The Jews seem to have applied this appellation to Satan, as being the author of all the pollutions and abominations of Idol-worship
Beaten Silver - Thin sheets of silver produced by hammering and used to overlay objects of lesser value such as the wooden core of an Idol (Jeremiah 10:6-10 )
Zechariah ben jehoiada - 661 BCE) Mentioned in 2 Chronicles 24, was killed in the Holy Temple courtyard while trying to prevent the erection of an Idol in the Holy Temple
Baphomet - In special sense it was the alleged name of the Idol which the Templars were accused of worshiping
Nebushasban - (Jeremiah 39:13) A compound word, principally having a regard to the Idol of Babylon, Nebo
Meni - Isaiah 65:11, "drink offering unto that number," rather to Meni, an Idol worshipped by apostate Jews at Babylon. The Arabs worshipped an Idol Mannah, a large stone which a thousand years later Saad demolished, in the eighth year of the Hegira; from manah to "number" or "assign
Adrammelech - The Idol of the Sepharvite colonists of Samaria planted by Assyria (2 Kings 17:31); means "burning splendor of the king" (compare Molech). Astrology characterized the Assyrian Idolatry. Named so from the Idol
Idol, Idolatry - An Idol is a representation of something in the heavens or on the earth. Idolatry is bowing down before such an Idol in adoration, prayer, or worship. In a loose sense, Idolatry does not necessitate a material image or a religious system. Idolatry is denounced by God at the beginning of the Ten Commandments and is considered a form of spiritual fornication
Calf - Golden calf, which it is said Aaron made, Exodus 32:1-4, It is remarkable, that though it is expressly said, that this was but one Idol, yet the children of Israel addressed it as in the plural, and said, "These are thy gods, O Israel!" Did the Israelites, in direct defiance of the divine law, make this Idol to resemble, according to their gross conceptions, the true God? Wherefore, do they otherwise call it gods? Certainly, there is somewhat mysterious in it
Molech - The name of an Idol-god worshipped by the Ammonites with human sacrifices, especially of children. The flames penetrated into the body and limbs of the Idol; and when the arms were red-hot, the victim was thrown into them, and was almost immediately burned to death, while its cries were drowned by drums. Though warned against this Idolatry, common to all the Canaanite tribes, though probably not of Canaanite origin, the Jews were repeatedly allured to adopt it. In the Valley of Hinnom they set up a tabernacle to Molech, and there they sacrificed their children to the Idol
Meni - , "that number;" RSV, "destiny"), probably an Idol which the captive Israelites worshipped after the example of the Babylonians
Iconoclast - ) A breaker or destroyer of images or Idols; a determined enemy of Idol worship
Rem'Phan, - (Acts 7:43 ) and Chi'un, ( Amos 5:26 ) have been supposed to be names of an Idol worshipped secretly by the Israelites in the wilderness, difficulty has been occasioned by this corresponding occurrence of two names so wholly different in sound. This Idol corresponded probably to Saturn or Molech. The mention of Chiun or Remphan as worshipped in the desert shows that this Idolatry was, in part at least that of foreigners, and no doubt of those settled in lower Egypt
Nibhaz - Barker, the name of an Idol, supposed to be an evil demon of the Zabians
Malcham - An Idol worshipped by some Jews who also professed to worship Jehovah
Anammelech - The Idol of Sepharvaim, introduced into Samaria by the Assyrian settlers (2 Kings 17:31)
Baal Hazor - ) A Canaanite Idol sanctuary on the borders of Ephraim and Benjamin
Nezib - (nee' zihb) Name meaning, “garrison,” “idol,” “pillar,” or “standing place
Tammuz - A Phoenician Idol, supposed by some to be the same as the Greek Adonis, as in the Vulgate
Succoth Bennoth - Tents of the daughters, 2 Kings 17:30 , an object of Idolatrous worship among the Babylonians: an Idol; or as some think tents, or booths, in which the Babylonian females prostituted themselves of Mylitta, the Assyrian Venus
Mat'Tan -
The priest of Baal slain before his altars in the Idol temple at Jerusalem
Eshbaal - The word BAAL , the name of an Idol, was not pronounced by scrupulous Jews; they substituted BOSHETH, confusion
Aven - Idols threatened with depopulation, probably for Idolatry. Probably the great plain of Lebanon, Coele-Syria (included in the Scripture designation, "Syria of Damascus"), in which the Idol temple of Baalbek or Heliopolis, the city of the sun god Baal, stood. Aven is the contemptuous term appended to stigmatize its vanity, with all its Idolatrous pomp, just as Hosea 5:8 calls Bethel, where the Idol calf was set up, Bethaven
Nisroch - A god of the Assyrians, in whose temple, and in the very act of Idolatry, Sennacherib was slain by his own sons, 2 Kings 19:37 . According to the etymology, the name would signify "the great eagle;" and the earlier Assyrian sculptures recently exhumed at Nineveh have many representations of an Idol in human form, but with the head of an eagle, as shown above. Among the ancient Arabs also the eagle occurs as an Idol
Nisroch - Sennacherib was killed in the temple of this Idol ( 2 Kings 19:37 ; Isaiah 37:38 )
Adrammelech -
An Idol; a form of the sun-god worshipped by the inhabitants of Sepharvaim (2Kings 17:31), and brought by the Sepharvite colonists into Samaria
Chiun - The name of an Idol worshipped by the Israelites in the desert, Amos 5:26 Acts 7:43
Kneel - Kneeling was the posture of prayer (Daniel 6:10 ; Acts 7:60 ; Acts 9:40 ; Acts 20:36 ; Ephesians 3:14 ; compare 1 Kings 18:42 ), acknowledging a superior (2 Kings 1:13 ; Matthew 17:14 ; Matthew 27:29 ; Mark 1:40 ; Mark 10:17 ; Luke 5:8 ), or worship of God (1 Kings 8:54 ), Jesus (Philippians 2:10 ), or Idols (1 Kings 19:18 ; Isaiah 66:3 where blessing an Idol refers to kneeling before an Idol)
Breath - Hebel (הֲבֵל, Strong's #1892), “breath; vanity; Idol. Third, this word signifies an “idol,” which is unsubstantial, worthless, and vain: “They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities …” ( Tammuz - As this was an age when Israel were gone far into Idolatry, it should seem that this was an Idol particularly worshipped by the women, as the sun was the Idol of the men. And from the connected circumstances with the Idolatry of the neighboring nations, there is reason to believe that acts of obscenity and lewdness accompanied this horrid species of Israel's transgressions. One of the old writers, David Kimchi, hath gone so far as to explain according to his views, and perhaps from tradition, that this figure of Tammuz was made of hollow brass, the eyes of the figure filled with a composition that when melted from the heat of a fire made within, seemed to drop like tears; and that upon those occasions the women at their festivals presented themselves before the Idol as weeping before it
Imagery, Chamber of - KJV phrase (Ezekiel 8:12 ) understood as “room of his carved images” (NAS) or “shrine of his own Idol” (NIV). The picture of the representatives of Israel worshiping Idols within the Jerusalem Temple in Ezekiel's vision (Ezekiel 8:3 ) symbolizes the people's unfaithfulness to God
Mount of Corruption - , "mount of offence"), the name given to a part of the Mount of Olives, so called because Idol temples were there erected in the time of Solomon, temples to the Zidonian Ashtoreth and to the "abominations" of Moab and Ammon
Merodach - An Idol of the Babylonians, representing probably the planet Mars, Jeremiah 50:2
Nibhaz - An Idol-god of the Avites
Idolize - ) To love to excess; to love or reverence to adoration; as, to Idolize gold, children, a hero. ) To make an Idol of; to pay Idolatrous worship to; as, to Idolize the sacred bull in Egypt. ) To practice Idolatry
Baal-Shalisha - We meet with mention of this place, 2 Kings 4:42, but whether there was an Idol there, is not said
High Places - Perhaps in the original design of them, they had been made sacred spots, and hallowed to the service of the true God of Israel; but, in process of time, they were used for Idol-worship. Some of the kings of Israel, though going a good way in a spirit of reform, had not courage enough, or wanted the grace, to abolish those places of Idol-worship
Illyricum - (See FORM; Idol
Peor - This name and vicinity are also associated with an Idol of the Moabites, Deuteronomy 4:8
Threshold - 1 Samuel 5:4 (c) We may learn from this interesting incident that those who approach an Idol or the temple of the Idol should see that the Idol could neither think (for his head was off), nor work (for his hands were off). He could be of no use whatever to the Idolater. The presence of the GOD of Israel destroys the Idols of men
Mumbo Jumbo - ) Among the Mandingos of the western Sudan, a bugbear by means of which the women are terrified and disciplined by societies of the men, one of whom assumes a masquerade for the purpose; hence, loosely, any Negro Idol, fetish, or bugaboo
Idol - Terâphı̂ym (תְּרָפִים, Strong's #8655), “idol; household Idol; cultic mask; divine symbol. ” Hurrian law of this period recognized “household Idols” as deeds to the family’s succession and goods. 19:11, where it is said that they were in David’s private quarters, supposing that this terâphı̂ym was a “household Idol” is difficult, although not impossible. 18:14 terâphı̂ym appears to be distinguished from Idols: “… there is in these houses an ephod, and terâphı̂ym, and a graven image, and a molten image?” The verses that follow suggest that the graven image and the molten image may have been the same thing: Idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods. 26:1 the ’elilim are what Israel is forbidden to make: “Ye shall make you no Idols. 96:5): “For all the gods [3] of the people are Idols [3] …” ( Idols, and my soul shall abhor you” (
Baal Perazim - Compare Isaiah 28:21, "Mount Perazim"; once the Idol Baal's high place, henceforth it was to be noted for Jehovah's bursting forth on David's Idolatrous foes
Baal-Zebub - And this was the ridiculous Idol worshipped at Ekron, to whom Ahaziah, king of Israel, sent to enquire concerning his recovery from a fall he had from his terrace. Whereas, his was a vision of folly! The Egyptians, it should seem, as well as the being near neighbours, paid divine to this contemptible Idol. It is possible, the folly of this Idolatry might take its rise from the plague of the flies, which Egypt suffered on account of Israel. It is worthy remark, that the name of this Idol changed only from Baal-zebub in Hebrew, to Beel-zebub in Greek, was given to the devil, in the days of our Lord's ministry upon earth
Baal-Peor - The Israelites fell into the worship of this Idol (Numbers 25:3,5,18 ; Deuteronomy 4:3 ; Psalm 106:28 ; Hosea 9:10 )
Rimmon - A City of Zebulun was called by this name, (1 Chronicles 6:77) Also a rock to which the Benjamites retreated, (Judges 20:45) And there was an Idol of the Syrians so called
Ishi - Ishi (ĭsh'î or î'shî), Hosea 2:16, signifying my husband, and Baali (bâ'al-î), in the same passage, signifying my Lord, are figuratively used to denote that Israel once played the whore in serving Idols, but would now serve the living God. The latter having been used in Idol-worship, would become obsolete in this sense
Astaroth - In 4Kings 28, she is described as the "idol of the Sidonians
Astarte - In 4Kings 28, she is described as the "idol of the Sidonians
Ashtoret - In 4Kings 28, she is described as the "idol of the Sidonians
Ting - ) The apartment in a Chinese temple where the Idol is kept
Idolatry - Idol, IdolATRY...
These things have been generally confined to the idea of the worshipping of creatures or images, but, in fact, may be properly applied to every thing which men set up in their hearts to regard, and which tend to the lessening their reverence for the Lord
Hashmannim - The Idol of wisdom, Hermes, Thoth, gave his name to the city; thus the derived term Hashmannim means "wisest Egyptian princes
Nibhaz - The Avites' Idol introduced into Samaria by the Assyrian colonists planted there (2 Kings 17:31)
Beth-Aven - It seems to be reproachfully used at times for Bethel itself, after the golden calves were there set up, Hosea 4:15 ; 10:5 : Beth-el meaning the house of God; and Beth-aven, the house of sin, or of an Idol
Cuth - Once settled, they made an Idol to worship Nergal (2 Kings 17:30 ), thus aggravating the tendency to worship Yahweh of Israel along with other gods
Hadad-Rimmon - A city in the valley of Megiddo, or plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon; named from Hadad the Syrian sun god and Rimmon, another Syrian Idol
Succoth Benoth - Interpreters disagree concerning the identification of this Idol
Bow Down, to - Also an act of reverence to God, Psalm 95:6 ; but strictly forbidden to be done before an Idol or image, Exodus 20:5 ; and treated as an act of worship
Nicolaitans - ...
The Jerusalem council (Acts 15:20; Acts 15:29), while releasing Gentile converts from legalism, required their abstinence from Idol meats and concomitant fornication. They persuaded many to escape obloquy by yielding as to "eating Idol meats," which was then a test of faithfulness (compare 1 Corinthians 8 and 1 Corinthians 10:25-33); they even joined in the "fornication" of the Idol feasts, as though permitted by Christ's "law of liberty
Baal Peor - Peor is supposed to have been a part of Mount Abarim; and Baal was the great Idol or chief god of the Phoenicians, and was known and worshipped under a similar name, with tumultuous and obscene rites, all over Asia. Baal Peor, then, was probably the temple of an Idol belonging to the Moabites, on Mount Abarim, which the Israelites worshipped when encamped at Shittim; this brought a plague upon them, of which twenty-four thousand died, Numbers 35. Hosea, speaking of the worship of this Idol, emphatically calls it "that shame," Hosea 9:10
Pollution - linere), and is therefore a natural word for Jews to use of Idol offerings (Leviticus 3:17). ’ Its use in the LXX_ suggests also that it referred to the ordinary food of Gentiles (Daniel 1:8, Sirach 40:29) as well as to Idol offerings. The Council did not adopt it, and changed it to the more colourless εἰδωλόθυτον, ‘idol offering,’ wishing perhaps to avoid a racial word which might suggest a separation in the matter of ordinary food between Jew and Gentile, such as afterwards actually happened (Galatians 2:9) under the influence of those who ‘came from James
Idol, Idolatry - ...
Idolatry in Israel...
Abraham, the father of Israel, came from a land of Idol worshippers, but he renounced Idols when he came to know the one true God (Joshua 24:2; Isaiah 44:9-209). ...
The penalty that Israelite law laid down for Idol worship was death (Exodus 22:20; Deuteronomy 13:2-5; Deuteronomy 17:2-5). Yet the people of Israel repeatedly fell into Idolatry through copying the practices of the people around them (Judges 2:12; Judges 10:6; Judges 17:3-6; Jeremiah 44:15-19). The form of Idolatry that Israel most frequently fell into was Baalism (2 Kings 17:15-16; see BAAL). ...
At different times the kings of Judah carried out reforms in which they destroyed all the Idols in the land (2 Chronicles 31:1; 2 Chronicles 34:4). But Idolatrous tendencies were so deeply rooted in the lives of the people that they were never entirely removed. The period of captivity broke the people’s association with the Idols of Canaan, and when the Jews later returned from captivity, Idolatry ceased to be a major problem (Ezekiel 36:22-29; Ezekiel 37:23; Hosea 2:16-19). ...
Idolatry in other nations...
God’s messengers condemned Idolatry not only among Israelites, but also among Gentiles. Instead they turned away from the Creator and made created things their Idols (Romans 1:19-23). God’s prophets mocked these lifeless Idols and denounced both those who made them and those who worshipped them (Psalms 115:4-8; Isaiah 2:8; Isaiah 40:18-20; Isaiah 41:6-7; 1619110493_80; Isaiah 46:1-2; Isaiah 46:5-7). ...
The reason for the prophets’ condemnation of Idols was not just that Idols were lifeless pieces of wood or stone, but that behind the Idols were demonic forces. Idols were enemies of God and were disgusting and hateful in his sight (Deuteronomy 7:25; Deuteronomy 29:17; Deuteronomy 32:16-17; Ezekiel 36:17-18; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 1 Corinthians 10:19-20). ...
Warnings to Christians...
When people turn to believe in the true and living God, they automatically turns away from their Idols (1 Thessalonians 1:9). Any refusal to turn from their Idols shows that they have not really repented (Revelation 9:20). ...
A common tendency among those who worship Idols is a feeling that they are free to practise all kinds of sins, since a lifeless Idol is unable to punish them (Romans 1:23-32; Ephesians 4:17-19). The self-satisfaction that comes from performing some act of Idol worship produces a moral laziness and a relaxing of control over lustful desires. This is no doubt why the Bible often links Idolatry with immorality (1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 10:7-8; Galatians 5:19-20; Revelation 9:20-21; Revelation 21:8; Revelation 22:15; cf. Numbers 25:1-2) and because immorality is a form of covetousness, Idolatry is linked with covetousness (1 Corinthians 5:11; Ephesians 5:3; Ephesians 5:5). People may give so much attention to what they covet that the coveted thing takes the place of God and so becomes an Idol (Colossians 3:5; see COVET). ...
Idolatry is linked also with wrong beliefs concerning Christ. ...
Food offered to Idols...
In a society where the worship of Idols is widespread, Christians sometimes face the problem of whether to eat food that others have previously offered to Idols. This concerns food eaten in feasts at an Idolatrous temple and food eaten in meals at home. ...
Some Christians may feel free to eat such food, for they know that the Idol is only a piece of wood or stone and that it cannot in any way change the food. Others, having once worshipped Idols as if they really had life, feel it would be wrong for them to eat such food. Christians who feel they have the right to eat Idol food should therefore limit their personal freedom, so that they do not risk damaging another believer’s life (1 Corinthians 8; 1 Corinthians 10:23-24; 1 Corinthians 10:31-33; cf. Similarly, those who join in Idol feasts are having fellowship with the Idol or, worse still, with the evil spirit behind the Idol (1 Corinthians 10:14-22; cf. ...
The refusal of Christians to take part in Idol feasts is because of this element of fellowship, not because the food itself is changed. When they buy food at the market or eat at the house of pagan friends, they have no need to ask whether the food has been offered to Idols. If the food has no obvious Idolatrous associations, they should eat it and be thankful to God for it (1 Corinthians 10:25-27). If, however, someone tells them the food has been offered to Idols, they should not eat, because others might misunderstand and, thinking Christians may join in Idol worship, fall into sin (1 Corinthians 10:28-30). ...
Towards the end of the first century AD, certain false teachers actually encouraged Christians to eat food that they knew had been offered to Idols
Idol - In the Bible various terms are used to refer to Idols or Idolatry: “image”, either graven (carved) or cast, “statue,” “abomination. ” Both Testaments condemn Idols, but with Idols the Old Testament expresses more concern than the New, probably reflecting the fact that the threat of Idolatry was more pronounced for the people of the Old Testament. ...
The ancient Hebrews lived in a world filled with Idols. Similarly, the various Mesopotamian cultures used Idol representations of their deities, as did the Hittites in ancient Asia Minor. Use of Idols in worship continued to be commonplace in Greek and Roman religion. This is usually interpreted to be a negative statement concerning Idols but with positive implications toward the spiritual worship desired by God. ...
Idols were a problem of long standing. The bronze serpent illustrates the Hebrews' propensity for Idol worship. ...
Biblical writers often denounced Idolatry. The Idol is made by a workman but is powerless to sustain the workman to complete his task. Further, the Idol begins as a leftover piece of a tree from which a person makes a god. ...
Many scholars believe that the threat of Idolatry was much less in the Jewish community after the Babylonian Exile and that it continued to be diminished though still present throughout New Testament times. The most noted problem in the New Testament concerns the propriety of eating meat which has previously been offered to an Idol (1 Corinthians 8-10 ). Paul seemingly broadened the scope of Idolatry for Christianity when he identified covetousness with Idolatry (Colossians 3:5 ). See Food Offered to Idols ; Gods, Pagan
Pergamos - The Nicephorium, or thank offering grove for victory over Antiochus, had an assemblage of temples of Idols, Zeus, Athene, Apollo, Aesculapius, Dionysus, Aphrodite. 3:63) was the prominent Pergamean Idol (Martial); the Pergamenes on coins are called "the principal "temple care-takers" (neokoroi ) of Asia," and their ritual is made by Pausanias a standard. Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto Idols and to commit fornication"; this naturally would happen in such an Idol-devoted city. The Nicolaitanes persuaded some to escape obloquy by yielding in the test of faithfulness, the eating of Idol meats; even further, on the plea of Christian "liberty," to join in fornication which was a regular concomitant of certain Idols' worship. As Phinehas was rewarded for his zeal against Idol compliances and fornication (to which Balaam seduced Israel), with "an everlasting priesthood," so the heavenly priesthood is the reward of those zealous against New Testament Balaamites
Ashima - The Idol of Hamath, introduced by the Hamathites, the colonists planted in Samaria by Esarhaddon king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:24; 2 Kings 17:30; Ezra 4:2; Ezra 4:10); represented as a goat with short hair, answering to the Egyptian form of the Greek god Pan, to whom the goat was sacred
Mishael - They were thrown into a furnace after refusing to bow to an Idol erected by Nebuchadnezzar
Tammuz - A Syrian Idol, mentioned in Ezekiel 8:14 , where the women are represented as weeping for it
Ash'Erah - (straight ), the name of a Phoenician goddess, or rather of the Idol itself (Authorized Version "grove")
Cypress - Since it seldom rots, it was used for Idol statues
Apis - In mythology, an ox, worshiped in ancient Egypt, or a divinity or Idol in the figure of an ox
Gad (3) - the deity of fortune, a Babylonian Idol worshipped by the Jews, answering to either the moon or Jupiter, related to Syriac gado , and Arab jad "good fortune
High Places - Before the Temple was built, there was nothing contrary to the law in the "high places" provided God alone was worshipped there, and no incense or victims were offered to Idols. During the period of the Judges and the Kings, the Israelites erected Idolatrous altars and Solomon built a temple for the Idol of the Moabites on the hill near Jerusalem (3Kings 11)
Nebhaz - Jewish interpreters say the name means barker, and affirm that this Idol had the shape of a dog. Historical traces have also been found of the ancient worship of Idols in the form of dogs among the Syrians
Nehushtan - (2 Kings 18:4) It should seem very plain, from what is said in this Scripture, that what Moses in his days had lifted up at the command of God, and for the most blessed purposes, the Israelites in after-ages had perverted into an Idol. But what a sad delusion must they have fallen into in setting it up for an object of worship, and burning incense to it! (See Numbers 21:6 compared with John 3:14) The name Nehushtan is from Nachash, serpent; so that by Hezekiah calling it not Nachash, but Nehushtan, he meant to shew by the alteration his contempt of it as an Idol
Nebo - An Idol of the Babylonians, Isaiah 46:1 . In the astrological mythology of the Babylonians, this Idol probably represented the planet Mercury
Suc'Coth-be'Noth - Occurs only in (2 Kings 17:30 ) It has generally been supposed that this term is pure Hebrew, and signifies the tents of daughters; which some explain as "the booths in which the daughters of the Babylonians prostituted themselves in honor of their Idol," others as "small tabernacles in which were contained images of female deities
Mishael - He and his companions were afterwards cast into the burning fiery furnace for refusing to worship the Idol the king had set up, from which they were miraculously delivered (3:13-30)
Hananiah - They were thrown into a furnace after refusing to bow to an Idol erected by Nebuchadnezzar
Dagon - This Idol had the body of a fish with the head and hands of a man
Aven - (ay' vehn) Hebrew noun meaning, “wickedness,” used in place names to indicate Israel's understanding of the place as site of Idol worship
Idolatry - Idol'ATRY, n. Idololatria. Idol, and to worship or serve. The worship of Idols, images, or any thing made by hands, or which is not God. Idolatry is of two kinds the worship of images, statues, pictures, &c
Jerubbaal - One of the names of Gideon: he was so called for destroying the grove of that Idol Baal-Jerub, meaning, that he destroys
Azariah - They were thrown into a furnace after refusing to bow to an Idol erected by Nebuchadnezzar
Chananiah - They were thrown into a furnace after refusing to bow to an Idol erected by Nebuchadnezzar
Ashes - ...
To feed on ashes (Isaiah 44:20 ), means to seek that which will prove to be vain and unsatisfactory, and hence it denotes the unsatisfactory nature of Idol-worship
Tartak - Idol of the Avvite colonists planted by Esarhaddon in Samaria (2 Kings 17:31)
Nebo - A Chaldean Idol whose name as Nabo or Nebu is probably incorporated in some of the Chaldaic proper names
Wood - An Idol
Teraphim - (See Idol. Idolatry" (Genesis 31:19; Genesis 31:30; Genesis 31:34; Genesis 35:2, "strange gods". Condemned as Idolatrous (1 Samuel 15:23; 2 Kings 23:24). Related perhaps to seraphim , the recognized symbol attending Jehovah; so perverted into a private Idol meant to represent Him, a talisman whereby to obtain responses, instead of by the lawful priesthood through the Urim and Thummim
Abomination of Desolation - "The Idol (See ABOMINATION) of the desolator," or "the Idol that causeth desolation. " Abomination refers especially to such Idolatry only as is perpetrated by apostates from Jehovah (2 Kings 21:2-7; 2 Kings 23:13). Jewish rabbis considered the prophecy fulfilled when the Jews erected an Idol altar, described as "the abomination of desolation" in 1 Maccabees 1:54; 1 Maccabees 6:7. He built an Idolatrous altar on the altar of burnt offering to Jupiter Olympius, and dedicated the temple to him, and offered swine's flesh. The bringing of the Idolatrous, Roman, image crowned standards into the temple, where they were set over the E. 70), is not enough to meet the requirements of the term "abomination," unless it were shown that the Jews shared in the Idolatry. The last antichrist, many think, is about to set up an Idol on a wing of the restored temple (compare Matthew 4:5; John 5:43) in the latter half of the last, or 70th, of Daniel's prophetic weeks; for the former three and a half days (years) of the prophetic week he keeps his covenant with the Jews; in the latter three and a half breaks it (Zechariah 11:16-17; Zechariah 11:12; Zechariah 11:13; Zechariah 11:14; Daniel 9; 11)
Obscene Object - Alternate translations include: Idol (KJV); abominable image (NRSV); repulsive Asherah pole (NIV); and horrid image for Asherah (NAS)
Antipas - where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is" (the Idol AEsculapius was worshipped there under the serpent form); "and thou holdest fast My name, and hast not denied My faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. " Satan, the old serpent, instigated the Idol's devotees, through the magistrates at Pergamos, to slay Antipas
Baal-Hamon - I am inclined to think that this was not an Idol, but a place; for the church, celebrating the glories of her Solomon, saith, that he had a vineyard at Baal-hamon (Song of Song of Solomon 8:11) Hamon, is people, multitudes, or riches
Mammon - Wealth is as truly an Idol to those who set their hearts on it, as Jupiter or Diana; and no Idolater can enter heaven
Beth Dagon - The name, implying the presence of a house to Dagon, the Philistine Idol shows how this worship extended itself beyond the Philistine territory, probably during the time of the Philistine overrunning of the Israelites' land W
Satyr - , an Idol in the form of a goat (17:7; 2 Chronicles 11:15 )
Devil - An Idol, or false god
Paps - These immoralities were always connected with Idolatry, and especially so where the Idol was a woman or a female
Od - ; a divinity; a deity; an object of worship; an Idol. ) To treat as a god; to Idolize
Od - ; a divinity; a deity; an object of worship; an Idol. ) To treat as a god; to Idolize
Baal Zephon - or the god of the watch tower, was probably the temple of some Idol, which served at the same time for a place of observation for the neighbouring sea and country, and a beacon to the travellers by either
Swine - It seems to have been offered in Idol-worship, and the worshipper no doubt feasted on the sacrifice
Baal-Zephon - And some have concluded that it was the name of an Idol. And Migdol, which means a tower, was a watch-place, where it is probable that this Idol was placed to watch, or pretend to watch, at the extremity of the kingdom of Egypt, on this part to the sea, by way of deterring runaway servants, or slaves, like Israel, from attempting their escape. It was in this very spot, as if, at once, to shew Israel the folly of such ridiculous Idols; and to shew Egypt of what little avail their dunghill deities were; Israel was commanded to encamp, from whence they should behold the arm of the Lord displayed for their deliverance, and at the same time Egypt's destruction
Nebo (2) - The Idol of Babylon and Assyria. is prostrate, "a burden to the weary beast" of the conqueror who carried the Idol away; so far was Nebo from saving Babylon (Isaiah 46:1; 1 Samuel 5:3-4; Psalms 20:8)
Idol - 1: εἴδωλον (Strong's #1497 — noun, masculine — eidolon — i'-do-lon ) primarily "a phantom or likeness" (from eidos, "an appearance," lit. , "that which is seen"), or "an idea, fancy," denotes in the NT (a) "an Idol," an image to represent a false god, Acts 7:41 ; 1 Corinthians 12:2 ; Revelation 9:20 ; (b) "the false god" worshipped in an image, Acts 15:20 ; Romans 2:22 ; 1 Corinthians 8:4,7 ; 10:19 ; 2 Corinthians 6:16 ; 1 Thessalonians 1:9 ; 1 John 5:21 . Jeremiah calls the Idol a 'scarecrow' ('pillar in a garden,' Jeremiah 10:5 , marg. When he speaks to Idolaters, Paul, knowing that no man is won by ridicule, adopts a different line, Acts 14:15-18 ; 17:16,21-31
Baal - In the Old Testament denotes an Idol of the Phoenicians, and particularly of the Tyrians, whose worship was also introduced with great solemnities among the Hebrews, and especially at Samaria, along with that of Astarte, Judges 6:25-32 2 Kings 10:18,28 . Of the extent to which the worship of this Idol was domesticated among the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, we have an evidence in the proper names of persons; as, among the former, Ethbaal, Jerubbaal; and among the latter, Hannibal, Asdrubal, etc. Among the Babylonians, the same Idol was worshipped under the name of Isaiah 46:1 Jeremiah 50:2 51:44 . Not that the sun was not an object of Idolatrous worship among these nations, but in that case he is represented under his own name; as 2 Kings 23:11 . Under Samuel they put away their Idols, 1 Samuel 7:4 . Baal-Peor, or "the lord of Peor," was a filthy Idol of the Moabites, Numbers 25:3,5 Hosea 9:10 . The word BAAL also occurs in many compound names of places, not always having any reference to the Idol
Tartak - An Idol introduced by the Avvites into Samaria when Sargon of Assyria transported them thither ( 2 Kings 17:31 )
Nehushtan - Of copper; a brazen thing a name of contempt given to the serpent Moses had made in the wilderness (Numbers 21:8 ), and which Hezekiah destroyed because the children of Israel began to regard it as an Idol and "burn incense to it
Caster And Pollux - The Dioscuri or two mythical sons of the chief Idol of Rome and Greece, Jupiter
Antonio de Sedella - He returned in 1783 as priest of Saint Louis Cathedral where, during his long pastorate, he became the Idol of the French population
Ashdod, Azoth - Here the ark of Jehovah triumphed over the Philistine Idol Dagon, 1 Samuel 5:2
Nebo - the name of an Idol of the Babylonians: "Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth," Isaiah 46:1
Beelzebub - This name is not so much a contemptuous corruption of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron, as it is a designation of Idols; hence Beelzebul = the Idol of Idols, i
Nehushtan - The superstitious people having made an Idol of this serpent, Hezekiah caused it to be burned, and in derision have it the name of Nehushtan, a mere piece of brass, 2 Kings 18:4
Rimmon - Syrian Idol at Damascus
Chemosh - כמוש , an Idol of the Moabites, Numbers 21:29 . As to the form of the Idol Chemosh, the Scripture is silent; but if, according to Jerom, it were like Baal-Peor, it must have been of the beeve kind; as were, probably, all the Baals, though accompanied with various insignia
Abstinence - Enjoined by God, from blood (Genesis 9:4); and by the Jerusalem council, from blood and Idol meats (Acts 15:29), not to offend Jewish brethren in things indifferent (1 Corinthians 9:20-22). All Idol meats were forbidden, namely, such as after the first portion had been consecrated to the Idol were then eaten as food among the Gentiles (Exodus 34:15; Psalms 106:28; 1 Corinthians 8:4-10; Romans 14:3)
Baal Zebub - BEELZEBUB, or BELZEBUB, signifies the god of flies, and was an Idol of the Ekronites. In Scripture Beelzebub is called "the prince of devils," Matthew 12:24 ; Luke 11:15 ; merely, it would seem, through the application of the name of the chief Idol of the Heathen world to the prince of evil spirits. This was natural, since the Jews were taught in their own Scriptures to consider all the Idols of the Heathens "devils. " Those commentators who think that the Idol of Ekron himself is intended, have indulged in an improbable fancy
Dagon - This was the Idol that fell to pieces before the ark of Israel, and it was in its temple subsequently that the Philistines hung the head of Saul
Figured Stone - An Idol of carved stone (NIV) in contrast to one of molten metal, associated with Canaanite worship (Leviticus 26:1 ; Numbers 33:52 ), according to modern translations. ” The same Hebrew term is used in Ezekiel 8:12 for Idolatrous shrines decorated with base reliefs of gods in the form of animals ( Ezekiel 8:10 ; prohibited in Deuteronomy 4:17-18 )
Malcam - In Zephaniah 1:6 Malcam is apparently the name of an Idol, and might be rendered literally ‘their king,’ as in the margin of AV Garrison - Or rather (Maurer), the obelisks in honor of the tutelary gods of Tyre (as Melecarte, the Tyrian Hercules whose temple stood in Old Tyre) shall go down to the ground before Nebuchadnezzar, the conqueror, just as he treated Egypt's Idol statues (Jeremiah 43:11)
Idol - ...
1 John 5:21 (b) An Idol in the Christian's life is anything or any person that takes the heart and love away from the Lord or that comes between the child of GOD and GOD
Adram'Melech -
The name of an Idol introduced into Samaria by the colonists from Sepharvaim
Hinnom - VALLEY OF, called also Tophet, and by the Greeks Gehenna, a small valley on the south-east of Jerusalem, at the foot of Mount Zion, where the Canaanites, and afterward the Israelites, sacrificed their children to the Idol Moloch, by making them "pass through the fire," or burning them
Adrammelech (1) - The Sepharvaites made their children pass through the fire in honour of this Idol, and another, called Anammelech, 2 Kings 17:31
Vanity - It often denotes wickedness, particularly falsehood, Deuteronomy 32:21 Psalm 4:2 24:4 119:37 , and sometimes Idols and Idol-worship, 2 Kings 17:15 Jeremiah 2:5 18:15 Jonah 2:8
Remphan - " Instead of "Chiun your images" Pusey, deriving Chiun from chun "to fix firmly," translated Amos, "ye did bear the (portable) shrine of your Idol king, and the pedestal of your images," etc. Israel secretly carried on Idolatry in the wilderness, with a small shrine escaping Moses' observation (Ezekiel 20:7-8; Ezekiel 20:39; Ezekiel 23:3; Joshua 24:14). A star was put on the head of the images of the Idol representing Saturn; hence "images" answer to "star" in parallelism
Molech - The Israelites sacrificed their children to this Idol. Passing their children through the fire might seem to imply that they were dedicated to the Idol by being rapidly passed through a fire without being burnt, and this may have been done, but some passages do not admit of this interpretation. for when they had slain their children to their Idols, then they came the same day into my sanctuary to profane it. The root of their Idolatrous course was that they had never in heart made a clean break from Egypt
Ashtaroth - It is believed that the moon was adored in this Idol. She caused altars to be erected to this Idol in every part of Israel; and at one time four hundred priests attended the worship of Ashtaroth, 1 Kings 18:7
Adrammelech - Son of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, Isaiah 37:38 ; 2 Kings 19:37 , who, upon returning to Nineveh after his fatal expedition against Hezekiah, was killed by his two sons, Adrammelech and Sharezer, through fear, according to Jewish tradition, of being sacrificed to his Idol Nisroch
Cutting - The flesh in various ways was an Idolatrous practice, a part of Idol-worship (Deuteronomy 14:1 ; 1 Kings 18:28 )
Baal Meon - ) Reuben in occupying it along with Nebo (Numbers 32:38) changed the names, probably for the Idol name Baal substituting Beth Meon
Ashes - , tries to feed his soul with what is at once humiliating and unsatisfying, on an Idol which ought to have been reduced to ashes, like the rest of the tree of which it is made (Isaiah 44:20)
Mesha - Jehoram determined to punish him; but Mesha made the horrible sacrifice of his eldest son to some Idol god, openly upon the wall, in sight of the Israelites, who fearing that they might incur the anger of God by having given occasion to a human sacrifice, retreated to their own country
Succoth Benoth - " But, as the parallelism to Nergal and Ashima require a deity, Succoth Benoth is probably Ζirbanit , called wife of the Babylonian Idol Merodach, and "queen" of Babylon
Asa - He purified Jerusalem from the infamous practices attending the worship of Idols; and deprived his mother of her office and dignity of queen, because she erected an Idol to Astarte
Asherah - The Greek and Latin name of a Phœnician goddess or Idol, A
Chisel - Isaiah employs a word used nowhere else and meaning a carpenter's tool for forming an Idol
Dia'na - This Idol was regarded as an object of peculiar sanctity, and was believed to have fallen down from heaven
Carchemish - ("the fort of Chemosh"), the Moabite Idol
Christ: Our Only Rest - Some evil temper now begins to boil, or some care would fain perplex me, or some Idol wants to please me, or some deadness or some lightness creeps upon my spirit, and communion with my Saviour is withdrawn
Christ: Our Only Hope - Here was truth emblazoned on an Idol
God - A false god a heathen deity an Idol
Abomination - In the language of Scripture, the word abomination for the most part means Idolatry. Thus we read, (2 Kings 23:13,) that Ashtoreth was the abomination (that is the Idol) of the Zidonians; Chemosh, the abomination of the Moabites; and Milcom, the abomination of the Ammonites. And this was done, when Titus Vespasian's army put up the image of Idolatry in the temple
Kishon - The total defeat of Sisera, Judges 4:7; Judges 5:21, and the executions of the Idol-priests by Elijah, 1 Kings 18:40, took place on the shores of this river
Nergal - This Idol probably represented the planet Mars, which was ever the emblem of bloodshed
Dagon - Fish-god, a national Idol of the Philistines, with temples at Gaza, Ashdid, etc. There were other Idols of like form among the ancients, particularly the goddess Derceto of Atergatis; and a similar form or "incarnation" of Vishnu is at this day much worshipped in India, and like Dagon is destined to be prostrated in the dust before the true God
Rimmon - An Idol of the Syrians, 2 Kings 5:18
Moloch - Solomon (1 Kings 11:7 ) erected a high place for this Idol on the Mount of Olives, and from that time till the days of Josiah his worship continued (2 Kings 23:10,13 )
Almug - It is a fragrant wood, and is used in China for incense in Idol-worship
Bajith - In the same high places where they had exulted in their Idol they shall weep, to find it unable to save them from destruction
Pinnacle - Tregelles translated Daniel 9:27, "upon the wing (kenaph ) of abominations shall be that which causeth desolation," namely, an Idol set up on a wing or pinnacle of the temple by antichrist, who covenants with the restored Jews for the last of the 70 weeks of years (John 5:43) and breaks the covenant in the midst of the week, causing the daily sacrifices to cease
Rimmon - The name of an Idol worshipped in Damascus
Idolatry - Idolatry. Probably the heavenly bodies were among the earliest objects of Idolatrous reverence. And the Idol deities of other nations bore similar characters. The ancient Hebrews had no fixed form of Idolatry; but they frequently imitated the superstitions of other nations. Under the reign of Ahab, Idolatry reached its greatest height; and the impious Jezebel endeavored to destroy the worship of Jehovah. The severe chastisement of the captivity in a great measure uprooted Hebrew Idolatry. Yet even there Idolatry did not last among them. And, though after the return there was much lukewarmness shown, and alliances were made afresh with ungodly nations,, and false prophets appeared, Ezra 9:1-2; Nehemiah 6:14, yet so far as we can judge by the national covenant, Nehemiah 10:1-39, and the general tone of the post-exilian prophets, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, Idolatry ceased to nourish. In the New Testament the Christians, who were continually brought into contact with Idolaters through the extent of the Roman empire, were cautioned as to their behavior. Not only were they to abhor Idol-worship itself, but they were also to abstain from meats which had been offered to Idols. It was true that the meat itself was not thereby defiled, for an Idol was nothing; and therefore Christians need not be too particular in inquiring into the history of what was set before them But, if any one apprised them that it had been so presented, they were not to eat, lest an occasion of offence should be given to a weak brother or to a censorious heathen
Moon - In the clear sky of the East, the moon shines with peculiar brilliancy; and it was worshipped by most nations of antiquity, either directly, or as an Idol-goddess under the name of Ashtoreth, Artemis, Diana, Hecate, Meni, Mylitta, Maja, etc. The Hebrews were specially cautioned against this form of Idolatry, Deuteronomy 4:19 17:3 ; and yet fell into it; 2 Kings 21:3 Isaiah 65:11 Jeremiah 7:18 8:2 19:13 44:17-25
Fly - The word zebub is considered to be a part of the word BAAL-ZEBUB,the Idol-god of Ekron, 'the lord of the fly,' who it was thought could protect persons from its bite
Remphan - כיון ‘Ρεμφα , signifies an Idol, according to the Septuagint. Grotius thinks it to have been some deity, as Rimmon; and Capellus and Hammond take this Remphan to be a king of Egypt, deified by his subjects; a late writer is of opinion, that God here refers to the Idolatries to which in succeeding ages the Jews were gradually given up, after having begun to revolt in the wilderness by the sin of the golden calf
Jerubbaal - Besheth, "shame," is substituted for the Idol in Jerubbesheth (to comply literally with Exodus 23:13; 2 Samuel 11:21), as in Ishbosheth for Eshbaal (2 Samuel 2:8 ff; 1 Chronicles 8:33; 1 Chronicles 9:39)
Ashtoreth - Solomon introduced the worship of this Idol (1 Kings 11:33 )
Maachah - During Asa's minority she acted as queen mother; but Asa when of age set her aside for her Idolatry, which she derived from her ancestors of Geshur (1 Kings 15:13-14; 1 Kings 15:16); 2 Chronicles 11:20-22; 2 Chronicles 15:16, "idol," literally, horror, the emblem of Priapus
Beelzebul - As the Ekronite god was applied to by Ahaziah to east, out his disease, so the Jews taunted Jesus as using the same Idol power to east out demons. Idols and demons, moreover, had a close connection (1 Corinthians 10:20-21)
Amaziah - Israelite who was priest of the Idol set up in Bethel
Break - 32:19) or Idol images (2 Kings 11:18), or the “shattering” of trees by hail ( Use, Useful - , "by the custom (of the Idol)," i
Grove -
A word used in the Authorized Version, with two exceptions, to translate the mysterious Hebrew term Asherah , which is not a grove, but probably an Idol or image of some kind
Ashtaroth - An Idol called the goddess of the Sidonians, Judges 2:13, much worshipped in Syria and Phœnicia
Molech, Moloch, or Milcom - The Israelites also introduced the worship of this Idol, both during their wanderings in the desert, and after their settlement in Palestine, 2 Kings 23:10 Ezekiel 20:26,31
Ammonite - ...
The national Idol worshipped by this people was Molech or Milcom, at whose altar they offered human sacrifices (1 Kings 11:5,7 ). The high places built for this Idol by Solomon, at the instigation of his Ammonitish wives, were not destroyed till the time of Josiah (2 Kings 23:13 )
Ammonites - They were gross Idolaters; their chief Idol being Moloch, supposed to be the same with Saturn, 1 Kings 11:5-7 2 Kings 23:13
Beth-Shemesh - ...
...
An Idol sanctuary in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:13 ); called by the Greeks Heliopolis, and by the Egyptians On (q
Bamoth-Baal - ) Baal Meon or Beth Baal Meon was near, sacred to the same Idol
Cainan - The rabbis represented him as the introducer of Idol worship and astrology
Rimmon - ) ...
...
A Syrian Idol, mentioned only in 2 Kings 5:18
Engrave - A graven image (Exodus 20:4 ) is a carved Idol (as opposed to one cast in a mold)
Hivites - The Shechemite Idol Baalberith, "Baal of the covenant," was a god of peace not war
Athaliah - The temple and Idol of Baal were at once destroyed, and the priest slain
Religion - ) The outward act or form by which men indicate their recognition of the existence of a god or of gods having power over their destiny, to whom obedience, service, and honor are due; the feeling or expression of human love, fear, or awe of some superhuman and overruling power, whether by profession of belief, by observance of rites and ceremonies, or by the conduct of life; a system of faith and worship; a manifestation of piety; as, ethical religions; monotheistic religions; natural religion; revealed religion; the religion of the Jews; the religion of Idol worshipers
Hinnon - (Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:31) And it is said, that Josiah, the good king, "defiled the place;" that is, he destroyed it for the purpose for which it had been used, by those wretched parents who had been deluded to sacrifice their children to the Idol-god Molech, in this spot
Belteshazzar - Whereas, Belteshazzar was a compound of Bel, the Idol which the Babylonians worshipped; and Shassar, from Etzar, to lay up. And as the Idol's name was derived from Bulat, secret, they both together implied the laying up in secret
Nebuchadnezzar - The Idol name of Nebo forms apart in it, for the Babylonians were much disposed to this
Reed - Thus it is threatened, "The Lord shall smite Israel as a reed is shaken in the water, and he shall root up Israel out of the good land which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the river, because they have made their Idol groves, provoking him to anger," 1 Kings 14:15
Naaman - With respect to his attending Ben-hadad while in the temple of Rimmon, the prophet gave him no precise rule; discerning, we may suppose, a growing fear and love of God which would preserve him from all even outward homage to the Idol
Stumbling Block - Idolatry, for example, was a stumbling block to Jews of Old Testament times (Exodus 23:33; Ezekiel 7:19-20; Ezekiel 14:3-4), and to some Christians of New Testament times. Through joining in Idol feasts, these Christians were tempted to fall into Idolatry and immorality (Revelation 2:14). ...
Even if those who joined in Idol feasts did not engage in Idolatrous practices, others who followed them to the feasts may not have been able to resist the temptations to Idolatry
Nebuzaradan - ...
From Nebo, the Idol; zar , "prince"; and adan or 'adown , "lord" (Gesenius); but Furst, from dana (Sanskrit), "cut off
Sprinkle - In his reform, Josiah ground up the Canaanite Idol images and “scattered, strewed,” the dust over the graves of Idolworshipers ( Ephod - The Jews had a peculiar superstitious regard for this garment, and employed it in connection with Idolatrous worship. Gideon's ephod became a snare to Israel; and Micah made one, that his Idol might be duly worshipped, Judges 8:27 ; 17:5 ; 18:17
Cup - Babylon was called a golden cup (Jeremiah 51:7), because of her sensuality, luxury, and Idolatries which she gave draughts of to the subject nations; so mystical Babylon, the apostate church (Revelation 17:4). To partake of a wine feast where a libation was first poured to an Idol made one to have fellowship with the Idol, just as believing participation of the Lord's supper gives fellowship with the Lord
Ashtoreth - She appears among the Philistines as the Idol in whose temple they hung up Saul's armor (1 Samuel 31:10). This naturally was grafted on Idol worship, Baal sometimes being the sun god, sometimes distinct (2 Kings 23:5)
Idol - ...
...
'Emah, "terror," in allusion to the hideous form of Idols (Jeremiah 50:38 ). Here Moses forbids the several forms of Gentile Idolatry. ...
...
'Atsab, "a figure;" from the root "to fashion," "to labour;" denoting that Idols are the result of man's labour (Isaiah 48:5 ; Psalm 139:24 , "wicked way;" literally, as some translate, "way of an Idol"). ) denote "a stone or cippus with the image of an Idol, as Baal, Astarte, etc. " In Ezekiel 8:12 , "chambers of imagery" (maskith), are "chambers of which the walls are painted with the figures of Idols;" Compare ver. "Nothing can be more instructive and significant than this multiplicity and variety of words designating the instruments and inventions of Idolatry
Baldness - Priests were forbidden to make baldness on their heads, or to shave off the grainers of their beards (Leviticus 21:5; Ezekiel 44:20); as mourners and Idol priests did
Chemosh - Idol, in Scripture's contemptuous phrase) of Moab (Numbers 21:29; Jeremiah 48:7; Jeremiah 48:13-46). Idolatry originated in appropriating to separate deities the attributes combined in the one true God
Nebo - Isaiah mocked parades featuring the Idol of Nebo (Isaiah 46:1 )
Demon, Demoniac - "Demons" are the spiritual agents acting in all Idolatry. The Idol itself is nothing, but every Idol has a "demon" associated with it who induces Idolatry, with its worship and sacrifices, 1 Corinthians 10:20,21 ; Revelation 9:20 ; cp
Star - ...
Amos 5:26 (b) Each Idol was represented by a high priest or a chief priest who had charge of the worship of that Idol
Lie - , "the lie"); Romans 1:25 , where it stands by metonymy for an Idol, as, e. ...
Note: In Romans 1:25 the "lie" or Idol is the outcome of pagan religion; in 1 John 2:21,22 the "lie" is the denial that Jesus is the Christ; in 2 Thessalonians 2:11 the "lie" is the claim of the Man of Sin. ...
A — 2: ψεῦσμα (Strong's #5582 — Noun Neuter — pseusma — psyoos'-mah ) "a falsehood," or "an acted lie," Romans 3:7 , where "my lie" is not Idolatry, but either the universal false attitude of man toward God or that with which his detractors charged the Apostle; the former seems to be the meaning
Egypt - ), Joseph and Mary with the Child set out for Egypt at cock-crow, and reach a great city and temple with an Idol to whose shrine the other Idols of Egypt send gifts. There they find accommodation in a hospital dedicated to the Idol, and a great commotion is caused by their entrance. The people of the land send to the Idol to inquire the reason of the commotion, and are told that an ‘occult god’ has come, who alone is worthy of worship, because he is truly Son of God. Thereupon the Idol falls prostrate, and all the people run together at the sound. The following chapter narrates the healing of the three-year-old son of the priest of the Idol, who is possessed by many demons, and whose sickness is described in terms similar to those used of the Gadarene demoniac (Luke 8:27, Mark 5:2-5). Thereafter Joseph and Mary depart, being afraid lest the Egyptians should burn them to death because of the destruction of the Idol. ’ The 355 Idols of the temple, to which divine honours were daily paid, fall prostrate, and are broken in pieces; and Affrodosius, the governor of the town, coming with an army, at sight of the ruined Idols worships the child Jesus, and all the people of the city believe in God through Jesus Christ
Egypt - ), Joseph and Mary with the Child set out for Egypt at cock-crow, and reach a great city and temple with an Idol to whose shrine the other Idols of Egypt send gifts. There they find accommodation in a hospital dedicated to the Idol, and a great commotion is caused by their entrance. The people of the land send to the Idol to inquire the reason of the commotion, and are told that an ‘occult god’ has come, who alone is worthy of worship, because he is truly Son of God. Thereupon the Idol falls prostrate, and all the people run together at the sound. The following chapter narrates the healing of the three-year-old son of the priest of the Idol, who is possessed by many demons, and whose sickness is described in terms similar to those used of the Gadarene demoniac (Luke 8:27, Mark 5:2-5). Thereafter Joseph and Mary depart, being afraid lest the Egyptians should burn them to death because of the destruction of the Idol. ’ The 355 Idols of the temple, to which divine honours were daily paid, fall prostrate, and are broken in pieces; and Affrodosius, the governor of the town, coming with an army, at sight of the ruined Idols worships the child Jesus, and all the people of the city believe in God through Jesus Christ
Fetishism - (Latin: factitius, made by art) ...
 ...
A term first applied probably to the religion of Idols and amulets made by hand and supposed to possess magic power. Also a fetish differs from an Idol or amulet, though the distinction is sometimes difficult; an amulet is a pledge of protection of Divine power; a fetish is an object in which the Divine power is supposedly wholly incorporated, and Idolatry in this sense is a higher form of fetishism
Sihon - An Israelite poet celebrates Sihon's victory, glorifying Heshbon as the city from whence "a flame" went forth "consuming Ar of Moab," so that "Moab's sons their Idol ("Chemosh") rendered fugitives, and yielded his daughters into captivity unto Sihon"! then by a sudden startling transition the poet introduces Israel's triumph in turn over Sihon
Remphan - We nowhere meet with the name of this Idol in the sacred Scriptures but in one place, and that is in Stephen's address before the Sanhedrim. However it is very evident, from the name of Moloch, and the days of Amos's ministry what species of Idolatry it was to which the whole referred. If the reader will look at a passage much about the same period, 2 Kings 17:29-30, he will find that the fashion of the day respecting Idolatry was at the height. It is probable that Adram, and Anam, or On, were the ancient Idols of Egypt: Potipherah was the priest of the latter
Image - An Idol the representation of any person or thing, that is an object of worship
Kidron, Kedron, Brook - Asa burnt his mother's Idol there. Josiah also burnt there the symbols of Idolatry
Idol - Of the forms assumed by the Idolatrous images we have not many traces in the Bible. 13:15; (1 Corinthians 18:10 ) From these temples the Idols were sometimes carried in procession, Epist. Their priests were maintained from the Idol treasury, and feasted upon the meats which were appointed for the Idols' use
Abominable, Abomination - The constant association with Idolatry suggests that what is highly esteemed among men constitutes an Idol in the human heart
Kidron - Here Athaliah was executed, 2 Kings 11:16; here Maachah's Idols were burnt, 1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chronicles 15:16; and hither the impurities and abominations of Idol-worship were regularly carried and destroyed
Craft Workers - When Paul’s preaching resulted in many Idol worshippers being converted, the silversmiths saw him as a threat to their livelihood and used their collective power to oppose him vigorously (Acts 19:24-27)
Fo - The worship of this Idol, they pretend, was observed a thousand years before the Christian era, and was introduced from India into China within the first century after. Fuh, though the Idol of the common people, is considered as a foreign deity in China, imported by the Boudhists from India: great effects are, however, attached to the perpetual reiteration of his name, and even to meditation upon it
Abomination, Abomination of Desolation - refers to that which is detestable to God and is particularly related to Idolatry. It often refers to Idols (Deuteronomy 29:17 ). ...
Daniel 9:27 ; Daniel 11:31 ; and Daniel 12:11 give evidence of a heathen Idol or altar. “Abomination” ( shiqquts ) is used to describe an Idol which would desecrate the holy Temple and/or altar in Jerusalem. ...
The idea of “idol worship” being conquered by The Righteous One and righteousness reaches its full and climactic expression when the Kingdom of God was inaugurated by Jesus the Messiah
Dagon - Likewise the overthrow of the Idol of Dagon before the ark of the covenant demonstrated God's predominance (1 Samuel 5:1-7 )
Nebo - To this Idol was dedicated the great temple whose ruins are still seen at Birs Nimrud
Asa - He restored the pure worship of God; expelled those who, from sacrilegious superstition, prostituted themselves in honor of their false gods; purified Jerusalem from the infamous practices attending the worship of Idols; and deprived his mother of her office and dignity of queen, because she erected an Idol to Astarte
Altar - thusiasterion is mostly, but not entirely, used for the divienely appointed altar; it is used for Idol "altars," e
Baal - A name generally used for an Idol. And when more than a single Idol is spoken of, the word is made plural, Baalim. The children of Israel, from being surrounded with Idolatrous neighbours, too often were led away by their allurements to the same Idolatry. If the reader will turn to it, and peruse it from beginning to end, he will observe, that at that time the tribes of the Lord were much disposed to Idolatry
Quarries - and RSV), or the Idol temples the Moabites had erected at Gilgal, where the children of Israel first encamped after crossing the Jordan
Areopagus - The case of Paul, therefore, would naturally come before them, for he sought to subvert their whole system of Idolatry, and establish Christianity in its place. ; around them spread the city, full of Idolaters and their temples; and little south-east rose the steep height of the Acropolis, on whose level summit were crowded more and richer Idolatrous structures than on any other equal space in the world. Amid this scene, Paul exhibited the sin and folly of Idol-worship with such boldness and power, that none could refute him, and some were converted
Vow - In Ashtoreth's and the Babylonian Mylitta's worship prostitution for hire devoted to the Idol was usual (Leviticus 19:29; 2 Kings 23:7)
Calf - Thus the people "forgot God their Savior," and sank into gross Idolatry. The prophet Hosea frequently alludes to the calf at Bethel, to the folly and guilt of its worshippers, and to the day when both Idol and people should be broken in pieces by the Assyrians
Moloch - (Acts 7:43) The Scriptures of God speak of Moloch upon several occasions in such a manner as make the subject very interesting to enquire into particulars concerning this horrid Idol. The Idol itself was made of brass, we are told, in the shape of a man, with his arms extended to embrace. "The feast of fire," so called, and indeed the general plan among the worshippers of Idols in the vast territory of Hindostan, afford but sad instances of the savage custom of those who immolate their children in this way
Flies - (See 2 Kings 1:2) Hence this dunghill Idol Baalzebub, that is, the god of the flies, they looked to to keep them from their destroying power. So then when the Lord made the very Idol they worshipped thus contemptible before them, while under the smarting of his power, how strikingly did the Lord set forth the distinguishing mercy to his people, in the moment he thus visited their enemies
Meats - ...
At the first settling of the Christian church, very great disputes arose concerning the use of meats offered to Idols. Some newly converted Christians, convinced that an Idol was nothing, and that the distinction of clean and unclean creatures was abolished by our Saviour, ate indifferently of whatever was served up to them, even among Pagans, without inquiring whether these meats had been first offered to Idols. They took the same liberty in buying meat sold in the markets, not regarding whether it was pure or impure according to the Jews, or whether it was that which had been offered to Idols. But other Christians, weaker or less instructed, were offended at this liberty; and thought to eat of meat that had been once offered to Idols, was a kind of partaking of that wicked and sacrilegious offering. He determined, therefore, that all things were clean to such as were clean, and that an Idol was nothing at all; that a man might safely eat of whatever was sold in the shambles, and though it might be a part of what had been previously offered in the temple, and there exposed to sale, he need not scrupulously inquire whence it came; that if an unbeliever should invite a believer to eat with him, the believer might eat of whatever was set before him, &c, 1 Corinthians 10:25-27 . But at the same time he enjoins, that the law of charity and prudence should be observed; that men should be cautious of scandalizing or offending weak minds; that though all things may be lawful, yet all things are not always expedient; that no one ought to seek his own accommodation or satisfaction, but that of his neighbour; that if any one should say to us, "This has been offered to Idols," we may not then eat of it, for the sake of him who gives the information; not so much for fear of wounding our own conscience, but his; in a word, that he who is weak, and thinks he may not indifferently use all sorts of food, should forbear, and eat herbs, rather than offend a brother, Romans 14:1-2 . Yet it is certain, that generally Christians abstained from eating meat that had been offered to Idols
Calf - The Jews showed all through their history a tendency toward the Babylonian and Canaanitish Idolatry rather than toward that of Egypt. ...
Ages after this, Jeroboam, king of Israel, set up two Idol calves, one at Dan, and the other at Bethel, that he might thus prevent the ten tribes from resorting to Jerusalem for worship (1 Kings 12:28 )
Sunday - To call it Sunday, is to set our wisdom before the wisdom of God, and to give that glory to a Pagan Idol which is due to him alone
Micah - He was a thief and an Idol worshipper whom his mother made priest of her household shrine. They then continued their journey and established Micah’s Idolatrous religion in their new homeland (Judges 18:27; Judges 18:31)
Abomination - An object of disgust (Leviticus 18:22); a detestable act (Ezekiel 22:11); a ceremonial pollution (Genesis 43:32); especially an Idol (1 Kings 11:5-7; 2 Kings 23:13); food offered to Idols (Zechariah 9:7)
Edward the Confessor, Saint - His mildness and sanctity made him the Idol of the people
Ashdod - A seat of the worship of (See DAGON; there the Idol fell before God's captive ark, the head and palms cut off, and only the fishy stump (margin) left (1 Samuel 5:3-8)
Rephan - Both ñáåú and áéåï must be common nouns in the construct state, probably “the shrine of your (idol) king and the stand of your image,” i. portable shrine and platform on which the Idols were exhibited and borne in processions’ (OTJC2, London, 1892, p. Stephen’s purpose, namely, to show that the foreign Idolatrous planet-worship had crept in and meant apostasy from the true worship of Jahweh
Rimmon - An Idol worshipped by the Syrians of Damascus (2 Kings 5:18)
Abednego - And Nego most probably was one of the dunghill Idols of Babylon. So that from Azariah, to remind him, as often as he heard himself called, he might remember that JEHOVAH was his help; he is brought into remembrance whenever he now heard his name, that he was the servant of an Idol, in whom there is no help
Sleep - Isaiah 65:4 , speaks of a superstitious practice among the Pagans, who went to sleep in the temples of their Idols, to obtain prophetic dreams: "They remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments. " Some interpret it of Idol temples, some of caves and dens, in which the Heathens used to worship their Idols; and some of tombs or monuments for dead persons. Thus also the superstitions and Idolatrous Jews, in contempt of the prophets, and of the temple of the Lord, went into the tombs and temples of Idols to sleep there, and to have dreams that might discover future events to them
Likeness, Likeness of - , "likenesses"); (b) in the abstract sense, Romans 1:23 , RV, "(for) the likeness (of an image);" the AV translates it as a verb, "(into an image) made like to;" the association here of the two words homoioma and eikon (see IMAGE) serves to enhance the contrast between the Idol and "the glory of the incorruptible God," and is expressive of contempt; in Romans 5:14 , "(the) likeness of Adam's transgression" (AV, "similitude"); in Romans 6:5 , "(the) likeness (of His death); in Romans 8:3 , "(the) likeness (of sinful flesh); in Philippians 2:7 , "the likeness of men
Beard - Some Arabian tribes, it seems, did this in devoting themselves to an Idol-god
High Places - The ancient Canaanites, and other nations, worshipped the heavenly bodies and their Idols upon hills, mountains, and artificial elevations. The Israelites were commanded to destroy these places of Idol worship, Deuteronomy 12:2 , but instead of this, they imitated the heathen, and at first worshipped Jehovah in high places, 1 Samuel 9:12 1 Kings 3:4 , and afterwards Idols, 1 Kings 11:7 2 Kings 17:10,11 . Different groves were sacred to different gods; and the high places were inseparably linked to Idolatry. Hence one reason why Jehovah required the festivals and sacrifices of the Jews to be centered at his temple in Jerusalem; that the people of the living and only true God might be delivered from the temptations of the groves, and witness as one man against Idolatry. The high places were much frequented in the kingdom of Israel; and on these hills they often adored Idols, and committed a thousand abominations
Void - Lifeless Idol, void and vain
Ammon - Ammon's one stronghold, Rabbah, "the city of: waters" (20 cities are mentioned Judges 11:33, perhaps some Moabite cities), forms a contrast to Moab's numerous towns with their "high places" (Jeremiah 48); their Idol, Moloch, accordingly they worshipped in a tent, the token of nomad life, not a fixed temple or high place, such as was appropriated to the god of the more settled people Moab (Amos 5:26; Acts 7:43). Their Idol, Moloch, appears also under the varied form Milcom and Malcham, as the Hebrew for "their king" may be rendered
Calf - The "golden calf" was an Idol set up and worshipped by the Israelites at the foot of mount Sinai in their passage through the wilderness to the land of Canaan. Stephen calls it plainly ειδωλον , an Idol, Acts 7:41
Meats - Moses forbade them to seethe a kid in its mother's milk, Exodus 23:19 34:26 a precept designed to inculcate principles of humanity, and perhaps to prevent them from adopting an Idolatrous custom of their heathen neighbors. ...
At the first settling of the church, there were many disputes concerning the use of meats offered to Idols. Some newly converted Christians, convinced that an Idol was nothing, and that the distinction of clean and unclean creatures was abolished by our Savior, ate indifferently of whatever was served up to them, even among pagans, without inquiring whether the meats had been offered to Idols. They took the same liberty in buying meat sold in the market, not regarding whether it were pure or impure according to the Jews; or whether it had been offered to Idols or not. But other Christians, weaker, more scrupulous, or less instructed, were offended at this liberty, and thought the eating of meat which had been offered to Idols was a kind of partaking in that wicked and sacrilegious offering. The latter might freely but and eat without guilt, since meat is in no wise injured as an article of food by being offered to an Idol; yet whenever others would be scandalized, pained, or led into sin by this course, even they were required by the laws of Christian charity and prudence to abstain, Romans 14:20-23 1 Corinthians 8:1-13 10:19-33 Titus 1:15
Adoration - The homage given may be to God, to the Lord Jesus, to an Idol, or by one man to another. In Idolatry, 1 Kings 19:18 ; Hosea 13:2
Tammuz - ...
Instead of" weeping for Tammuz," the Idol of beauty and licentiousness, the women ought to have wept for the national sins
Tirhakah - protecting the Hebrew "with wings"; Kenaphaim, related to the name of the Idol Kneph, represented with wings: Psalms 91:4)
Jealousy - " Ezekiel 8:3 describes an Idol that was set up in the temple mount "that provokes to jealousy. " This image, along with other Idols, caused God to remove his shekinah glory from the temple. "...
The Corinthian Christians are said to be provoking God to jealousy because of the worship of Idols (1 Corinthians 10:22 )
Calf - Exodus 32:4 (c) This was worshipped as an Idol because it represented food to eat and work to profit thereby
Sepharvaim - (See 2 Kings 17:24) But what is most worthy our notice is, that in the Lord's displeasure with Israel he should not only cause his people to be led into captivity, but Samaria to be inhabited by Idolaters. Those Sepharvites, We are told, burnt their children in the fire to their dunghill Idol
High Places - Not only these, but heights originally dedicated to Idols (Numbers 33:52; Leviticus 26:30). The high places polluted by Idol worship (2 Kings 23:9) were condemned by all the kings that worshipped Jehovah. ...
The priests whom the kings of Judah ordained to burn incense in the high places were called Chemarim; compare Hosea 10:5; Zephaniah 1:4 Idol priests not having reached the age of puberty, meaning "ministers of the gods," the Tyrian camilli, (black attired ministers, subordinate to the priests, they felled the victim), from chaamar "to be black. what is the high place whereunto ye go?...
And the name thereof is called Bamah unto this day," the sense is, You ought to have long since put away the name, and the high place which it expresces; the very name implies it is not sanctioned by Me; therefore your sacrifice even to ME in it (much more to Idols) is only a "provocation" to Me (Ezekiel 20:28). Doubtless the godly kings at first tried to put down entirely the high places, but afterwards yielded to the general usage of the people in cases where the high place was to Jehovah; where it was to Idols they put them down utterly
Jonathan - " He became priest of the Idol image at Dan, and this office continued in his family till the Captivity
Anathema - The Hebrew verb (haram) is frequently used of the extermination of Idolatrous nations. In Deuteronomy 7:26 an Idol is called a Herem = Anathema , a thing accursed
Inquire of God - The sanctuary contained an ephod (with lots?), a cast Idol, and teraphim (household gods), any of which might have been consulted
Beard - The Arabs trimmed their beard round in sign of dedication to some Idol
Pilgrimage - Hezekiah's and Josiah's reforms attempted to destroy the pagan sites of pilgrimage and Idol worship (2 Kings 18:4 ; 2 Kings 23:8 ) and make Jerusalem the exclusive focus of pilgrimage
Images - Then came real Idols, at first for domestic use (as probably the teraphim , portable household gods), and subsequently those of greater size for public worship. The materials used in Idol manufacture were clay ( Wis 15:13 , Bel 7), wood ( Isaiah 44:15 , Wis 13:13 ), silver and gold ( Hosea 8:4 , Daniel 3:1 ). Idolatry
Serpent, Brazen - (See NEHUSHTAN on the worship of the relic; so the cross of Christ itself was perverted into an Idol
Snare - ...
...
Judges 8:27 (a) This is symbolical of the evil effect of Idolatrous worship on the people of Israel. The ephod was a monument to their victory, but they changed it into an Idol
Mephib'Osheth - (exterminating the Idol ), the name borne by two members of the family of Saul --his son and his grandson
Gad - (See 1 Chronicles 29:29-30) The third mention of Gad is as an Idol
Copper - But Tubal-cain (Genesis 4:22, from whence probably by corrupted tradition was derived the classic Idol, Vulcan, the god of the forge) was "an instructor of every artificer in brass (copper) and iron," 500 years after creation according to Hebrew, or 1,000 according to Septuagint, chronology
Dagon - Our fabulous mermaid is derived from this Phoenician Idol. The cutting off of Dagon's head and hands before Jehovah's ark, and their lying on the threshold (from whence his devotees afterward did not dare to tread upon it), prefigure the ultimate cutting off of all Idols in the great day of Jehovah (Isaiah 2:11-22)
Merodach Baladan - From the Idol Merodach and Baladan ("Bel is his lord")
Abomination - 70), and to which they paid Idolatrous honours. "
This word is also used symbolically of sin in general ( Isaiah 66:3 ); an Idol (44:19); the ceremonies of the apostate Church of Rome (Revelation 17:4 ); a detestable act (Ezekiel 22:11 )
Image - in a religious sense, is an artificial representation of some person or thing used as an object of adoration, and is synonymous with Idol. No sin is so strongly and repeatedly condemned in the Old Testament as that of Idolatry, to which the Jews, in the early part of their history, were much addicted, and for which they were constantly punished. Paul was greatly affected, when he saw that the city of Athens was "wholly given to Idolatry," Acts 17:16 ; and declared to the Athenians, that they ought not "to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device,"...
Acts 17:29 . Hence Idolatry, in general, is condemned in Scripture; and all use of images in the worship of God, making or bowing to any likeness, is absolutely forbidden. See ICONOCLASTES and See IdolATRY
Last - Pleased with his Idol, he commends, admires, adores and last, the thing adored desires
Diana of the Ephesians - The rude Idol preserved in her chief temple at Ephesus was said to have fallen from heaven (this is the real meaning of Acts 19:35 ), a not uncommon idea in ancient times, which suggests that such images were sometimes meteoric stones
Bethshemesh - An Idol sanctuary in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:13), the Greek Heliopolis, Egyptian On, E
Harlot - The people's Idolatry became the source of dishonour to those to whom their honour was dearest, their wives and daughters. "The men of Babylon made Saccoth Benoth" their Idol in Samaria (2 Kings 17:30); the Idol's name means "booths for their daughters," referring to their prostitution in this detestable worship
Calf, Golden - ...
This form of Idolatry is more specious than that of disowning God altogether and setting up an Idol instead, but it is as really Idolatry, and it was signally punished by God. Idolatry did not stop here with Israel, for they went on to worship 'all the host of heaven, and served Baal. The above specious form of Idolatry is perpetuated in Christendom in the images in the churches, and on the road-side in any Roman Catholic country
Harlot - ]'>[2] denotes unchaste women, especially those devoted to immoral service in Idol sanctuaries, or given to a dissolute life for gain
Temple - ...
2: ναός (Strong's #3485 — Noun Masculine — naos — nah-os' ) "a shrine or sanctuary," was used (a) among the heathen, to denote the shrine containing the Idol, Acts 17:24 ; 19:24 (in the latter, miniatures); (b) among the Jews, the sanctuary in the "Temple," into which only the priests could lawfully enter, e
Ammon Ammonites Children of Ammon - an allusion is intended to this Idol
Sun - And from its beneficial use and influence, as appointed by the great Creator, it is no wonder that men in the darkened state of a fallen nature, made it the Idol of worship
Bel - or BELUS, a name by which many Heathens, and particularly the Babylonians, called their chief Idol. Daniel probably, by detecting the mercenary contrivances of the Idolatrous priests of Babylon, and by opening the eyes of the people to the follies of superstition, might furnish some foundation for the story; but the whole is evidently charged with fiction, though introduced with a pious intent
Brazen Serpent - ...
This brazen serpent was preserved as a monument of the divine mercy, but in process of time became an instrument of Idolatry. When this superstition began, it is difficult to determine; but the best account is given by the Jewish rabbi, David Kimchi, in the following manner: From the time that the kings of Israel did evil, and the children of Israel followed Idolatry, till the reign of Hezekiah, they offered incense to it; for it being written in the law of Moses, "Whoever looketh upon it shall live," they fancied they might obtain blessings by its mediation, and therefore thought it worthy to be worshipped. It had been kept from the days of Moses, in memory of a miracle, in the same manner as the pot of manna was: and Asa and Jehoshaphat did not extirpate it when they rooted out Idolatry, because in their reign they did not observe that the people worshipped this serpent, or burnt incense to it; and therefore they left it as a memorial. But Hezekiah thought fit to take it quite away, when he abolished other Idolatry, because in the time of his father they adored it as an Idol; and though pious people, among them accounted it only as a memorial of a wonderful work, yet he judged it better to abolish it, though the memory of the miracle should happen to be lost, than suffer it to remain, and leave the Israelites in danger to commit Idolatry hereafter with it
Marcianus, Presbyter at Constantinople - The church of Irene (transformed from an Idol temple) was on the shore ( Vit
Goat - And, perhaps, this arose from the calves and devils (literally goats), which Jeroboam set up for Idol worship. (See 2 Corinthians 11:14-15) Hence the Lord is represented by the prophet, as punishing the goats; that is, the worshippers of those dunghill Idols. And this the account of the goat set up as an Idol by Jeroboam, and sacrificed to by the people in direct opposition to the God of Israel, very fully explains
Hair - The law forbad them to "round the corners of their heads, or mar the cornners of the beard"; for the Arabs in honour of the Idol Orotal cut the hair from the temples in a circular form, and in mourning marred their beards (Leviticus 19:27; Jeremiah 9:26 margin, Jeremiah 48:37)
Ephod - (ee' fahd) A priestly garment connected with seeking a word from God and used in a wrong way as an Idol. This usage, plus the importance of the ephod, may have led to Idolatrous use in worship during the time of the judges (Judges 8:27 ; Judges 17:5-6 )
Bow - ...
This is the Idol to which the world bows
Babylas, Bishop of Antioch - A crowded procession of Christians, accordingly, excited to a pitch of savage enthusiasm characteristic of the Antiochenes, bore his relics to a church in Antioch, the whole city turning out to meet them, and the bearers and their train tumultuously chanting psalms the whole way, especially those which denounce Idolatry. On the same night, by a coincidence which Julian strove to explain away by referring it to Christian malice or to the neglect of the heathen priests, the temple of Apollo was struck by lightning and burned, with the great Idol of Apollo itself
Jehu - ...
In wiping out the dynasty of Ahab, Jehu was driven more by his desire for power than by his devotion to God; for he himself still worshipped at the Idol shrines that Jeroboam had earlier set up (2 Kings 10:29; 2 Kings 10:31)
Samson - An embodied lesson to Israel that her power lay in separation from Idol lusts and entire consecration to God; no foe could withstand them while true to Him, but once that they forsook Him for the fascinations of the world their power is gone and every enemy should triumph over them (1 Samuel 2:9). Samson set at nought the legal prohibition against affinity with Idolatrous women (Exodus 34:15-16; Matthew 27:50-540). The Phoenicians carried to Greece the story of Samson, which the Greeks transferred to their Idol Hercules
Image - In a religious sense, is an artificial representation of some person or thing used as an object of adoration; in which sense it is used synonymously with Idol. The primitive Christians abstained from the worship of images, not, as the Papists pretend, from tenderness to heathen, Idolaters, but because they thought it unlawful in itself to make any images of the Deity. de Idol. ) that no statues were yet allowed in the churches, because they bore too near a resemblance to the Idols of the Gentiles. The Lutherans condemn the Calvinists for breaking the images in the churches of the Catholics, looking on it as a kind of sacrilege; and yet they condemn the Romanists (who are professed image-worshippers) as Idolaters: nor can these last keep pace with the Greeks, who go far beyond them in this point, which has occasioned abundance of disputes among them. Tennison on Idolatry, p
Devil - His misrepresentation of God as one arbitrary, selfish, and envious of His creature's happiness, a God to be slavishly-feared lest He should hurt, rather than filially loved, runs through all pagan Idolatries. " Scripture teaches that in Idolatry the demons are the real workers behind the Idol, which is a mere "nothing. Compare Deuteronomy 32:17, Hebrew sheedim , "lords" (1 Corinthians 8:5); Acts 16:16, "a spirit of divination" (Greek of Python, an Idol); Acts 17:18, "a setter forth of strange gods" (Greek: demons); 2 Chronicles 11:15; Psalms 106:37; Leviticus 17:7. Idolatry is part of the prince of this world's engines for holding dominion. ...
Our word "panic," from the Idol Pan, represented as Satan is, with horns and cloven hoofs, shows the close connection there is between the Idolater's slavish terror and Satan his master
Fornication - This meaning lies very near the surface whenever the word occurs in conjunction with Idol-worship or meats offered lo Idols. At Thyatira, as at Corinth, some defended fornication on Gnostic grounds, as Jezebel; but not only fornication but Idol-meats also are prohibited by the seer. It is probable that we can understand the conjunction of fornication and Idol-meats in Revelation 2:14; Revelation 2:20 and 1 Cor
Daniel, Prophet - Here we find the narratives of the chaste Susanna, the omnivorous Idol Bel, the dragon destroyed by Daniel, and a second peril in the lion's den
Stone - Revelation 18:21 (see MILLSTONE); (e) the "tables (or tablets)" of the Law, 2 Corinthians 3:7 ; (f) "idol images," Acts 17:29 ; (g) the "treasures" of commercial Babylon, Revelation 18:12,16 ; (II) metaphorically, of (a) Christ, Romans 9:33 ; 1 Peter 2:4,6,8 ; (b) believers, 1 Peter 2:5 ; (c) spiritual edification by scriptural teaching, 1 Corinthians 3:12 ; (d) the adornment of the foundations of the wall of the spiritual and heavenly Jerusalem, Revelation 21:19 ; (e) the adornment of the seven angels in Revelation 15:6 , RV (so the best texts; some have linon, "linen," AV); (f) the adornment of religious Babylon, Revelation 17:4 ; (III) figuratively, of Christ, Revelation 4:3 ; 21:11 , where "light" stands for "Light-giver" (phoster)
Grove - "Maacbah had made an Idol Asherah" (not" IN grove". The superstitious abuse of them to Idolatry and licentious rites caused the Divine prohibition of them for religious purposes; which prohibition Israel disregarded (Jeremiah 17:2; Ezekiel 20:28)
Palm - (the hand)...
1 Samuel 5:4 (c) Apparently the Lord would teach us by this figure that when GOD's presence is realized, the power of Idolatry is broken. It represents also the Idol which is made to appear as lifelike as possible
Meat - ...
Daniel 1:3 (c) The rich food which came from the king's table had been offered first to an Idol
Bethel - To take Jacob out of a false position God bade him go up to Beth-el and dwell there, and Jacob felt he must take no Idols there, so he told his household to put away the strange gods from among them, to be clean, and to change their garments. An altar was erected and sacrifices offered to the Idol; but it was condemned by a man of God, and the altar was rent. There were sons of the prophets dwelling at Beth-el, 2 Kings 2:3 , but the Idolatrous altar was not destroyed until the days of Josiah
Ephod - The ephod of Gideon is remarkable for having become the occasion of a new kind of Idolatry to the Israelites, Judges 8:27 . Some authors are of opinion that this ephod, as it is called, was an Idol; others, that it was only a trophy in memory of the signal victory obtained by Gideon, and that the Israelites paid a kind of divine worship to it; so that Gideon was the innocent cause of their Idolatry, in like manner as Moses had been in making the brazen serpent, which was afterward worshipped
Samaria - The worship of Baal was set up in Samaria by Ahab, who built there an altar and a temple to the Idol-god, 1 Kings 16:32, which were destroyed by Jehu
Idolatry - So deep-rooted was the Jewish hatred of Idolatry, and so general had been the condemnation of the practice, that our Lord found no reason for insistence upon the generally accepted commandments on the subject. Paul visited Athens, ‘his spirit was provoked within him, as he beheld the city full of Idols,’ even though the statement is not strictly accurate. His whole training rendered him antagonistic to anything approaching Idolatry; and in his letters the same feeling is expressed. No Christian was to keep company with Idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:10 f. He reminds the Thessalonians that they had abandoned the old Idolatrous worship ‘to serve the living God’ (1 Thessalonians 1:9). Yet from the Christian point of view there is only one God, and the true Christian cannot but recognize that thus ‘no Idol is anything in the world’ (1 Corinthians 8:4). ...
But there are two aspects of Idolatry which caused the greatest anxiety in the primitive Church. ...
(a) The decision of the Jerusalem Council as to the duties incumbent upon heathen converts contains the significant phrase, ‘that they abstain from the pollutions of Idols’ (Acts 15:20), ‘from meats offered to Idols’ (Acts 15:29). The command is intended as a comprehensive one, meaning that Idolatry in every form is to be avoided; ‘participation in the Idolatrous feasts is especially emphasised, simply because this was the crassest form of Idolatry’ (A. The probability was that most of the meat sold in the markets as well as that set before the guests at Gentile tables had been ‘offered to Idols. He lays the greatest stress, therefore, upon the principle that Idolatry is wholly hateful and must be carefully guarded against (1 Corinthians 10:14). It is true that the Idol is nothing, and the sacrifice therefore has no meaning, yet Idolatry among the heathen is demon-worship rather than the worship of God; would they wish to have communion with demons? (1 Corinthians 10:15 ff. If either the seller or the host say, ‘This has been offered to Idols,’ whether in a friendly or a hostile spirit, the Christians must have nothing to do with it. ...
(b) The second aspect of Idolatry afforded even more grievous trials, and was eventually the source of serious persecution: it was the rise of Emperor-worship
Name - Frequently the name was a compound one, one part being the name of the Deity, and among Idolatrous nations the name of an Idol. The following instances may be mentioned among others, and may stand as specimens of the whole, namely, שמואל , Samuel, "hear God;" אדניה , Adonijah, "God is lord;" יהוצדק , Josedech, "God is just;" אתבעל , Ethbaal, a Canaanitish name, the latter part of the compound being the name of the Idol deity, Baal; בלשאצר , Belshazzar, "Bel," a Babylonish deity, "is ruler and king
Idol, Idolatry - The word Idol signifies literally a representation or figure. God forbids all sorts of Idols, or figures and representations of creatures, formed or set up with intention of paying superstitious worship to them, Exodus 20:3,4 34:13 Deuteronomy 4:16-19 7:25,26 . ...
The heathen had Idols of all sorts-paintings, bas-reliefs, and all varieties of sculpture-and these of many kinds of materials, as gold, silver, brass, stone, wood, potters earth, etc. Scarcely an object or power in nature, scarcely a faculty of the soul, a virtue, a vice, or a condition of human life, has not received Idolatrous worship. ...
It is impossible to ascertain the period at which the worship of false gods and Idols was introduced. Josephus and many of the fathers were of opinion, that soon after the deluge Idolatry became prevalent; and certainly, whenever we turn our eyes after the time of Abraham, we see only a false worship. ...
The Hebrews had no peculiar form of Idolatry; they imitated the superstitions of others, but do not appear to have been the inventors of any. Rachel, it may be, had adored Idols at her father Laban's, since she carried off his teraphim, Genesis 31:30 . Micah's teraphim also were the objects of Idolatrous worship, even till the captivity of Israel in Babylon, Judges 17:5 18:30,31 . There was corruption and irregularity of manners, but little or no Idolatry. The people, no longer restrained by royal authority, worshipped not only these golden calves, but many other Idols, particularly Baal and Ashtoreth. Under the reign of Ahab, Idolatry reached its height. The impious Jezebel endeavored to extinguish the worship of the Lord, by persecuting his prophets, (who, as a barrier, still retained some of the people in the true religion,) till God, incensed at their Idolatry, abandoned Israel to the kings of Assyria and Chaldea, who transplanted them beyond the Euphrates. The descriptions given by the prophets of their irregularities and Idolatries, of their abominations and lasciviousness on the high places and in woods consecrated to Idols, and of their human sacrifices, fill us with dismay, and unveil the awful corruption of the heart of man. After the return from Babylon, we do not find the Jews any more reproached with Idolatry. ...
As the maintenance of the worship of the only true God was one of the fundamental objects of the Mosaic polity, and as God was regarded as the king of the Israelitish nation, so we find Idolatry, that is, the worship of other gods, occupying, in the Mosaic law, the first place in the list of crimes. The only living and true God was also the civil legislator and ruler of Israel, and accepted by them as their king; and hence Idolatry was a crime against the state, and therefore just as deservedly punished with death, as high treason is in modern times. By the Jewish law, an Idolatrous city must be wholly destroyed, with all it contained, Deuteronomy 13:12-18 17:2,5 . ...
At the present day, Idolatry, prevails over a great portion of the earth, and is practiced by about 600,000,000 of the human race. In some lands professedly Christians, it is to be feared that the adoration of crucifixes and paintings is nothing more nor less than Idol-worship. But when we regard Idolatry in a moral point of view, as consisting not merely in the external worship of false gods, but in the preference of, and devotion to something else than the Most High, how many Christians must then fall under this charge. Whoever loves this world, or the pursuits of wealth or honor ambition, or selfishness in any form, and for these forgets or neglects God and Christ, such a one is an Idolater in as bad sense at least as the ancient Israelites, and cannot hope to escape an awful condemnation, Colossians 3:5
Divination - Michael Hagan...
See also Idol, Idolatry ; Revelation, Idea of ...
Bibliography
Kedron - ...
It was the scene of Asa's demolishing his mother Maachah's Idol (2 Chronicles 15:16)
Follow, Follower - The noun "follower" is seldom used in Scripture for the people of God, possibly due to its frequent references to Idol worshipers (Deuteronomy 18:9 ; 1 Kings 18:18 ) or those following evil desires (Ephesians 2:2-3 ; Jude 16-18 )
Gedaliah - Johanan warned Gedaliah that Baalis (called from the Idol Baal) king of Ammon had sent Ishmael to assassinate him and his retinue
Smyrna - The Idol Dionysus at Smyrna was believed to have been killed and come to life; in contrast to this lying fable is Christ's title, "the First and the Last, which was dead and is alive" (Revelation 2:8)
Pillars - In 1 Kings 10:12 mis'ad means "a flight of steps" with "rails" or banisters, Μatsebah often means a "statue" or "idolatrous image" as well as "pillar" (Deuteronomy 7:5; 2 Chronicles 14:3; Hosea 3:4). Israel's covenant with Jehovah (Joshua 24:1-25-26), where also probably Jacob had buried the Idol trinkets of his household (Genesis 35:4)
Moloch - It was chiefly in the valley of Tophet and Hinnom, east of Jerusalem, that this Idolatrous worship was paid, Jeremiah 19:5-6 , &c. In the later periods of the Jewish kingdom, this Idol was erected in the valley south of Jerusalem, namely, in the valley of Hinnom, and in the part of that valley called Tophet, תפת , so named from the drums תפים תפּ? , which were beaten to prevent the groans and cries of children sacrificed from being heard, Jeremiah 7:31-32 ; Jeremiah 19:6-14 ; Isaiah 30:33 ; 2 Kings 23:10
Daniel - He was chosen, with his three companions, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, to reside at Nebuchadnezzar's court, where he received a suitable education, and made great progress in all the sciences of the Chaldeans, but declined to pollute himself by eating provisions from the king's table, which would often be ceremonially unclean to a Jew, or defiled by some connection with Idol-worship. He confessed the name of God before Idolatrous princes; and would have been a martyr, but for the miracle which rescued him from death
Jehu - By a cunning stratagem he cut off all the worshippers of Baal found in Samaria (2 Kings 10:19-25 ), and destroyed the temple of the Idol (2 Kings 10:27 )
Jezebel - ) She established the Phoenician Idolatry on a grand scale at her husband's court, maintaining at her table 450 prophets of Baal and 400 of Astarte (so "the groves" ought to be translated): 1 Kings 16:31-32; 1 Kings 18:19; 1 Kings 18:13. The spiritual Jezebel of Thyatira similarly, by pretended inspiration, lured God's servants to libertinism, fornication and Idol meats (Revelation 2:6; Revelation 2:14-15), as though things done in the flesh were outside the man, and therefore indifferent
Aaron - Aaron proved to be a weak leader, and was easily persuaded to build an Idol as a visible symbol of the invisible God (Exodus 32:1-6; Exodus 32:21-25). When Moses challenged the faithful to fight against this Idolatry, the men of the tribe of Levi responded
Sarbelius, a Edessan Martyr - According to them, Sarbelius was chief priest of the Idol-worship of Edessa
Dibon - his successors); the second (line 21-31) his public buildings; the third part (31-34) his wars against Horonaim with the help of Chemosh, "the abomination (idol) of Moab. The phrase of "Mesha" (named on the stone just as we read it 2 Kings 3:4-27), "Chemosh let me see my desire upon all my enemies," is word for word, substituting Jehovah for the Idol of apostate Moab, David's phrase (Psalms 59:10)
Nail - Isaiah 41:7; "fastened (the Idol) with nails" to keep it steady in its place! Jeremiah 10:4; 1 Chronicles 22:3; 2 Chronicles 3:9, where the "fifty shekels of gold" were to gild the nails fastening the sheet gold on the wainscoting; Ecclesiastes 12:11, "words of the wise are as nails fastened (by) the master of assemblies," rather "the masters" or "associates in the collection (of the canonical Scriptures), i
Food Offered to Idols - “Food offered to Idols” is a translation of a single Greek word which has also been rendered “things offered unto Idols” (KJV) and “meat sacrificed to Idols” (NIV). The identification of the object of the offering by the term “idol” suggests that it was a name which originated outside first-century paganism. ...
“Food offered to Idols” is specifically mentioned in three New Testament writings, although the issue is suggested by a variety of texts. At the end of the debate the acceptance of Gentile Christians by Jewish Christians was supported by a letter from the Jerusalem church which listed “what has been sacrificed to Idols” as one thing from which it was expected that even Gentile Christians would obstain (Acts 15:29 ). The very expression (“what has been offered to Idols”) occurs also at Acts 21:25 in an apparent reference to the letter given in Acts 15:1 . ...
The term “food offered to Idols” also appears in 1Corinthians 8:1,1Corinthians 8:4,1Corinthians 8:7,1 Corinthians 8:10 and 1 Corinthians 10:19 (some manuscripts include it in 1 Corinthians 10:28 ). ...
The final occurrences of this term are in Revelation 2:14 ,Revelation 2:14,2:20 , where in addition to the eating of food offered to Idols two of the seven churches are scolded for Idolatry and moral failure
Belshazzar - Contracted from Belsharezar: from Βel , the Babylonian Idol, and shar , a "king"; zar is a common Babylonian termination, as in Nebuchadnez-zar. His crowning guilt, which made the cup overflow in vengeance, was his profaning the vessels of Jehovah's temple to be the instrument of revelry to himself, his princes, wives, and concubines, drinking out of them in honor of his Idols. Cyrus diverted the Euphrates into a channel, and guided by Gobryas and Gadatas, deserters, marched by the dry channel into Babylon, while the citizens were carousing at an annual feast to the Idols (Isaiah 21:5; Isaiah 44:27; Jeremiah 50:29-35; Jeremiah 50:38-39; Jeremiah 51:36; Jeremiah 51:57)
Rabbah - Its coins bear the image of Astarte, and the word Heracleion from Hercules the Idol which succeeded Moloch
Malachi - They have demonstrated their wrong attitude to God in many ways: their offering of disgraceful sacrifices (1:6-14); the worthless behaviour of the priests (2:1-9); the sexual immorality that has produced divorce from Israelite partners and marriage to Idol-worshippers (2:10-16); their irreverent complaining against God; and their cheating him of the offerings due to him (2:17-3:18)
Necromancy - Why would the prophets mock such behavior if it did not exist (Isaiah 8:19-20 )? The list of Idolatrous practices and divinatory rites condemned by the prophets certainly included necromancy (Isaiah 56:9-57:13 , ; Isaiah 57:6 ). Michael Hagan...
See also Divination ; Idol, Idolatry ; Gods and Goddesses, Pagan ...
Bibliography
Idolatry - The worship of Idols — a sin which is mentioned as committed after the flood. They degraded the worship of the true God everywhere, and Idolatry became universal. ...
In Israel at first there might have been the thought that the Idol was only a representative of God, just as the Egyptians professed to have representations of their unseen gods. This species of Idolatry is seen further developed in the case of Micah, who had a house of gods. ...
The secret of all the abominations in Idolatry is, that Satan is the grand mover of it. ...
As to the sacrificing being to demons, the same thing is said of the Idolatry at Corinth, with its Grecian mythology. To this must be added another species of Idolatry to which Christians are sometimes enticed, namely, that of letting anything but Christ have the first place in the heart; for in Him God is revealed, He "is the image of the invisible God" — "He is the true God. " "Little children, keep yourselves from Idols. The word εἴδωλον is from εἶδος, 'that which is seen, ' and covetousness is specially characterised as Idolatry
Manasseh - He did evil in the sight of the Lord; worshipped the Idols of the land of Canaan; rebuilt the high places that his father Hezekiah had destroyed; set up altars to Baal; and planted groves to false gods. He raised altars to the whole host of heaven, in the courts of God's house; made his son pass through the fire in honour of Moloch; was addicted to magic, divinations, auguries, and other superstitions; set up the Idol Astarte in the house of God; finally, he involved his people in all the abomination of the Idolatrous nations to that degree, that Israel committed more wickedness than the Canaanites, whom the Lord had driven out before them. Being returned to Jerusalem, he restored the worship of the Lord; broke down the altars of the false gods; abolished all traces of their Idolatrous worship; but he did not destroy the high places: which is the only thing Scripture reproaches him with, after his return from Babylon
Naaman - But recollecting the Idolatry of his master, and knowing that on his return he should, as before, be called to go with the king to this Idol worship, he thought now to compromise the matter, and therefore begged the prophet to indulge him in this with his pardon. How doth the faith of this man, and so immediately wrought as it was in the mind of this poor Idolater, reproach the supposed followers of the Lord Jesus Christ, who, after all the miracles, and evidences, and testimonies, with which the truth, as it is in Jesus, is brought home and confirmed to the heart, can hardly keep alive, from day to day, a suitable dependence upon Him! May we not take up the words of the Lord Jesus upon this occasion, and say, as he did: "Nevertheless, when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?" (Luke 18:8)...
Hell - To denote this latter object, the New Testament writers always make use of the Greek word γεεννα , which is compounded of two Hebrew words, Ge Hinnom, that is, "The Valley of Hinnom," a place near Jerusalem, in which children were cruelly sacrificed by fire to Moloch, the Idol of the Ammonites, 2 Chronicles 33:6
Egyptians - ...
The Egyptians were also a religious people, and though their religion was, alas, Idolatry, yet it was an Idolatry far more seemly and moral than that practised by the cultured Greeks and Romans. It is supposed that it was the remembrance of this Apis that caused the Israelites to choose the form of a calf for their golden Idol; and we learn from Ezekiel 20:6-8 that Israel had fallen into Idolatry when in Egypt
Judges, Book of - Idol worship and Idol theft in Israel (Judges 17:1-18:31 ) ...
B
Idol - Of the 19 Hebrew words for it and IMAGE many express the abhorrence which Idolatry deserves and the shame and sorrow of the Idolater. ...
(3) emah , "terror," (Jeremiah 1:38) "they are mad after their Idols," hideous forms more fitted to frighten than to attract, bugbears to frighten children with. ...
(4) miphletseth , "a fright": Maachah's Idol which Asa cut down (1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chronicles 15:16); the phallus, symbol of the generative organ, the nature goddess Asherah's productive power. Jeremiah 10:2-5 graphically describes the making of an Idol and its impotence. The Idol is supposed to be an "image" exactly representing some person or object. ...
(10) timahuh "similitude," "form "(Deuteronomy 4:12-19, where Moses forbids successively the several forms of Gentile Idolatry: ancestor worship, as that of Terah (Joshua 24:2), Laban (2 Kings 10:26-282; Genesis 31:30; Genesis 31:32), and Jacob's household (Genesis 35:2-4), to guard against which Moses' sepulchre was hidden; hero worship and relic worship (Judges 8:27; Judges 17:4; 2 Kings 18:4); nature worship, whether of the lower animals as in Egypt, or of the heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, and stars, as among the Persians). ...
(11) atzab , etzeb , otzeb , "a figure," from aatzab "to fashion"; with the additional idea of sorrowful labour (Isaiah 48:5; Psalms 139:24), "see if there be any wicked way (way of pain, way of an Idol, Isaiah 48:5) in me, and lead me in the way everlasting. " The way of Idolatry, however refined, proves to be a way of pain, and shuts out from the way everlasting (1 John 5:21; Revelation 21:8; 1 Corinthians 10:20-21). The black pyramidal stone in Juggernaut's temple, that of Cybele at Pessinus in Galatia, the black stone in the Kaaba at Mecca reported to have been brought from heaven by the angel Gabriel, all illustrate the wide diffusion of this form of Idolatry. " Ezekiel 6:4; Ezekiel 6:6; sun worship and Sabeanism or worship of the heavenly hosts (tsebaowt ) was the oldest Idolatry. " The tower of Babel was probably built so that its top should be sacred to the heavens (not that its top should reach heaven, Genesis 11:4), the common temple and Idolatrous center of union. The dispersion defeated the purpose of the builders, but still they carried with them the Idolatrous tendency, attributing their harvests, etc. In Ezekiel 8:17, "they put the branch to their nose" alludes to the Idolatrous usage of holding up a branch of tamarisk (called barsom) to the nose at daybreak while they sang hymns to the rising sun (Strabo, 15, section 733). Like "the chambers of imagery" or priests' chambers with Idolatrous, pictures on the walls as seen in vision (Ezekiel 8:12), answering to their own perverse imaginations. Gesenius, "a stone with an Idol's image, Baal or Astarte. In Genesis 35:2, Jacob's charge to "his household and to all that were with him Put away the strange gods ('the gods of the foreigner,' the Canaanites) among you, and be clean and change your raiment," it seems surprising that Idols should have had place in his household. " Moreover the sons of Jacob had just before (Genesis 30:34) carried away all the spoils of Shechem's city, and among them doubtless their gold and silver Idols. ...
There are two degrees in Idolatry. " Once that the first visible representation of God is made, or adopted, it entails another and another endlessly, no one or more Idols or symbols ever adequately representing all the countless attributes of God. The penalty of overt, Idolatry, as being treason against the divine King, was death. Israel's disasters were the punishment of their Idolatry (Jeremiah 2:17). Saul lost his throne, Achan his life, and Hiel his family, for retaining or restoring anything of a people doomed for Idolatry (1 Samuel 15; Joshua 7; 1 Kings 16:34). The disgust of all godly Israelites, intestine divisions, a perpetual conflict between the Mosaic law, still in force, and the established national Idolatry, and the immorality which results from Idolatry, were the natural and penal consequence, bringing ruin finally on the state. Idolatry on the part of the Old Testament Israel, and the spiritual Israel, is high treason against the heavenly King (1 Samuel 8:7) whose direct subjects we avowedly are. Israel's Idolatry was not merely an abomination in God's sight, as that of the Gentiles, but spiritual "adultery" against Jehovah her Husband (Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 3:14; Ezekiel 16). ...
Fornication formed part of the abominable worship of the Idols, especially Baal Peor and Ashtoreth or Astarte, who represented nature's generative powers and (Numbers 25:1-2) to whom qideeshim and qedeeshot public male and female prostitutes, were "consecrated" (as the Hebrew means: Deuteronomy 23:17, etc. This horrid consecrated pollution prevailed in Phoenicia, Syria, Phrygia, Assyria, and Babylonia, and still in Hindu Idolatry. " God chose Egypt as Israel's place of training, though an Idolatrous country, but took every precaution, if they would only have heeded Him, to save them from the contagion. Yet the fascinations of Idolatry spellbound Israel during their long stay in Egypt (Joshua 24:14; Ezekiel 20:7), and led them to relapse into the sin from which Abram had been rescued by his call from Ur. God by Moses smote the symbols of Egyptian Idolatry with the ten plagues, "executing judgment against all the gods of Egypt" (Exodus 12:12), the river, the wind bringing locusts, the dust of the earth, the cattle, the symbol of Apis (Numbers 33:4). )...
Yet Israel in all their history showed a continual tendency to adopt the Idols of the neighbouring nations; in the desert they "sacrificed unto devils" (saeer , a shaggy goat, worshipped with the foulest rites at Mendes in Lower Egypt. Behind the Idols, though nonentities in themselves, lurk real demons, to whom consciously or unconsciously the worship is paid, as inspiration declares (Deuteronomy 32:17), "devils" lasheedim , "destroyers"; as Satan's name Apollyon means; slavish fear being the prompting motive, not love, the Idol feaster has his fellowship with demons (1 Corinthians 10:20), even as the communicant in the Lord's supper has by faith real fellowship with the Lord's body once for all sacrificed, and now exalted as the Head of redeemed mankind. The Babylonian captivity almost thoroughly purged the Jews from their proneness to Idols (Jeremiah 44:17-18, contrast Hosea 3:4). But traces appeared still in their partially adopting Greek Idolatry and usages for worldly compromise, just before Antiochus Epiphanes' attempt to overthrow Jehovah's worship (1 Maccabees 1:43-54). The heroic resistance of the Maccabees, besides their contact with the Persians who rejected images, and especially the erection of synagogues and the reading the law every sabbath in them, gave them the abhorrence of Idols which now characterizes them. 4:1, mention that the Romans were shocked to find among Christians "no altars, no temples, no images") was speedily "healed" by image worship being revived in the Roman and Greek churches (Daniel 7:8; Daniel 7:11-24; Daniel 7:25; 1 Timothy 4:1-3), so that "the beast that was, and is not (during the brief continuance of the deadly wound), yet is" (Revelation 17:8); and in spite of God's judicial plagues men repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and Idols of gold and silver and brass and stone and wood, which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk" (Revelation 9:20). The deadly wound is healed also by the prevalenee of "covetousness which is Idolatry" (Ephesians 5:5; Colossians 3:5) in all Christendom, reformed and
Corinthians, First Epistle to the - Another question was whether Christians may eat meats which had previously been offered to Idols, as most of the meat sold in Corinth would have been. ‘The false gods are really non-existent; we have but one God; as there is no such thing really as an Idol we are free to eat meats offered in Idol temples. The Corinthians had said (he supposes): ‘Why should we be tied down by the Council’s decree here at Corinth, so long after? We know better than to suppose that a non-existent Idol can taint food. ...
( b ) Idol Feasts ( 1 Corinthians 8:10-13 , 1 Corinthians 10:14 to 1 Corinthians 11:1 ). Paul absolutely forbids eating at Idol feasts. A Christian who, out of complaisance, attends an Idol feast, is really entering a hostile brotherhood
Hezekiah - Ahaz's political involvements with Assyria brought Idolatry and paganism into the Temple (2 Kings 16:7-20 ). The Idols were removed from the Temple. Places of Idol worship were destroyed
Bethel - The naming of Bethel Jacob repeated more publicly on his return home, 20 years later, with his family purified of Idols, when God again appeared to him, and confirmed his change of name to Israel (Genesis 35:1-15; Genesis 32:28). It was ordered by God that the votaries of the calf worship at Bethel never dared to violate the sepulchre and title of the prophet who denounced their Idol
Beersheba - Abraham planted here a" grove" ('eshel ) (distinct from the Idol grove, Asheerah, or Astarte Baal), or tree, the tamarisk, long living, of hard wood, with long, clustering, evergreen leaves, as a type of the ever enduring grace of the faithful, covenant keeping God (Genesis 21:33), "and called on the name (the self manifested character and person) of Jehovah, the everlasting God. ) It became seat of an Idolatry akin to that of Bethel or Gilgal, so that it was a formula of superstition, "the manner (cultus, or religion, as in Acts 9:2 the new religion of Christ is designated "this way") of Beersheba liveth" (Amos 5:5; Amos 8:14)
Diana - As Ephesus was the capital of Asia in the limited sense, Diana of Ephesus was naturally the Idol "whom all Asia and the world worshipped
Abimelech - At Zebul's information Abimelech came rapidly on the rebels and slew all, and beat down their city, and sowed it with salt; he burned to death a thousand more men and women who fled for sanctuary to the hold of the Idol Baalberith
Naaman - He appears to have been a Gentile Idolater; but being miraculously cured of his leprosy by the power of the God of Israel, and the direction of his Prophet Elisha, he renounced his Idolatry, and acknowledged this God to be the only true God: "Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel," 2 Kings 5:15 , and promised, for the time to come, that he would worship none other but Jehovah, 2 Kings 5:17 . " He farther says, "In this the Lord pardon thy servant, that when my master goes into the house of Rimmon, to worship there, and he leaneth upon my hand, and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon; when I bow down in the house of Rimmon, the Lord pardon thy servant in this thing," 2 Kings 5:18 ; which some understand to be a reserve, denoting that he would renounce Idolatry no farther than was consistent with his worldly interest, with his prince's favour, and his place at court. Yet it does not seem very probable, that, if he meant this for a penitential acknowledgment of his former Idolatry, he should only mention what he had done as the king's servant, and omit his own voluntary worship of the Idol. The more probable opinion, therefore, is, that he consulted the prophet, whether it was lawful for him, having renounced Idolatry, and publicly professed the worship of the true God, still, in virtue of his office, to attend his master in the temple of Rimmon, in order that he might lean upon him, either out of state, or perhaps out of bodily weakness; because, if he attended him, as he had formerly done, he could not avoid bowing down when he did
Abomination - This word is also applied in the sacred writings to Idolatry and Idols, not only because the worship of Idols is in itself an abominable thing, but likewise because the ceremonies of Idolaters were almost always of an infamous and licentious nature. For this reason, Chrysostom affirms, that every Idol, and every image of a man, was called an abomination among the Jews. " In this view, to "work abomination," is to introduce Idolatry, or any other great corruption, into the church and worship of God, 1 Kings 11:7
Curse, Cursing, Cursed, Accursed - anathema, a votive offering, gift), or (b) for its destruction, as an Idol, Deuteronomy 7:26 , or a city, Joshua 6:17
Ahaziah - Son of Ahab and Jezebel; king of Israel; a worshipper of Jeroboam's calves, and of his mother's Idols, Baal and Ashtoreth. Ahaziah sent to Baalzebub (lord of flies), god of Ekron, to inquire, should he recover? Elijah, by direction of the angel of the Lord, met the messengers, and reproving their having repaired to the Idol of Ekron as if there were no God in Israel, announced that Ahaziah should die. ...
Ahaziah walked in all the Idolatries of Ahab his maternal grandfather, his mother being his counselor to do wickedly. Akin to Ahab in character, as in blood, he might have overspread Judah with the same Idolatry as Israel, but for God's intervention
Month - The Talmud gives the remaining five: Ιyar the second, Τammuz the fourth (sacred to that Idol), Αb the fifth, Τisri the seventh, Μarchesvan (from mar "to drop") the eighth; mainly named from the Syrian calendar
Hazael - Benhadad means on the contrary "worshipper of Hadad," the Syrian Idol. He took Gath and even "set his face to go up to Jerusalem" (2 Kings 12:17) in Joash's reign (2 Chronicles 24:23-24), "and destroyed all the princes of the people from among the people" (it was God's righteous retribution, for it was "the princes of Judah" who with flattering "obeisance" at Jehoiada's death persuaded Joash to "leave the house of the Lord God of their fathers, to serve groves and Idols," 2 Kings 12:17-18, and stoned Zechariah son of Jehoiada, who "testified against them," 2 Kings 12:19-22), and sent all the spoil to Damascus; Jehovah delivering "a very great host into the hand of a small company of Syrians, because the Jews had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers" (2 Kings 12:23-24)
Camp - The word used signifies 'the tent,' and it was doubtless a tent anticipatory of the tabernacle significantly pitched by Moses outside the camp, to show that God's dwelling could not be where there was an Idol, for it is added, "Every one which sought the Lord went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp
Dedication, Feast of - 167, when ‘an abomination of desolation’ was erected upon it (1 Maccabees 1:54), and the climax was reached on 25 Chislev, when sacrifices were offered upon this Idol-altar standing on the altar of God (v
Hermes (1) Trismegistus, Writings of Unknown Authorship - Thirdly, these intellectual and religious elements are associated with a passionate and vigorous defence of the heathen religion, including Idol worship, and a prophecy of the evils which will come on the earth from the loss of piety
Hilarion (1), a Hermit of Palestine - An officer of Majoma, whose duty it was to rear horses for the Circensian games and who had been always beaten through a spell laid upon his chariot by the votaries of Marnas, the Idol of Gaza, won the race when the saint had poured water upon his chariot wheels
Demon - ...
Scripture also shows that Idolatry was essentially demon-worship, the Idol itself being nothing. The things worshipped may have been unseen objects, or they may have had some mystical representation, or may have been mere Idols; but behind all these were real beings, evil, unclean spirits; so that it was morally impossible to have fellowship with the Lord Jesus and with these demons. Sair signifies 'rough, hairy,' and specially a he-goat: hence "a goat-shaped deity, which was Idolatrously worshipped . In a future day also, when God will be pouring out His judgements on the earth, men will not repent, but will worship demons and all sorts of Idols
Porphyrius, Bishop of Gaza - At the same time he despatched his deacon Mark and his minister Borocas to Constantinople, who, through the powerful advocacy of Chrysostom, obtained the emperor's order to destroy the Idols and close the temples. This was carried out by an imperial commissioner, who, however, it was asserted, was bribed to spare the principal Idol named Marnas, and to wink at the entrance of the worshippers into the temple by a secret passage. The Idolaters still remained the dominant section, and were able to shut out Christians from all lucrative offices and to molest them in the enjoyment of their property. John consoled him, and went with him to Constantinople to obtain an order for the demolition not of the Idols alone, but of the temples themselves, arriving Jan
Ahab - , veiled their real Idolatry with flimsy pretexts, as the church of Rome does in its image veneration. a sacred symbolic tree (asheerah ), the symbol of Ashtoreth (the Idol to whom his wife's father was priest), the moon-goddess, female of Baal; else Venus, the Assyrian Ishtar (our "star". ) Jehovah worship was scarcely tolerated; but the public mind seems to have been in a halting state of indecision between the two, Jehovah and Baal, excepting 7000 alone who resolutely rejected the Idol; or they thought to form a compromise by uniting the worship of Baal with that of Jehovah. ...
So prevalent was Idolatry that Baal had 450 prophets, and Asherah ("the groves") had 400, whom Jezebel entertained at her own table
Doubt - Doubt or uncertainty over a questionable action or a "gray area" of the Christian life (here it is eating Idol-meat) is condemned because the action does not arise out of faith toward God
Prostitution - ...
See also Gods and Goddesses, Pagan ; Idol, Idolatry ; Immorality, Sexual ...
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Clean, Unclean, Common - contact with Idolatry, which in the OT makes unclean (Deuteronomy 7:25). Paul allows (1 Corinthians 8) that an Idol is nothing and cannot affect meats offered to it. But Idolatry is something-its atmosphere, its offerings, its gatherings into temples. It is as if a Christian were participating in Idolatry (1 Corinthians 10:18-20, 2 Corinthians 6:14-16), or trying to mingle the communion of God with the communion of devils
Gregorius, Saint., the Illuminator - In the first year of his reign Tiridates went to the town of Erez (Erzenga) in Higher Armenia, to make offerings to Anahid, the patron-goddess of Armenia; but Gregory, refusing to take any part in this Idolatry, endeavoured to turn the king from his Idols, and spoke to him of Christ s the judge of quick and dead. He destroyed the Idol temples, "conquering the devils who inhabited them"— i
Asa - He purged Jerusalem from the infamous practices attending the worship of Idols; and he deprived his mother of her office and dignity of queen, because she erected an Idol to Astarte, which he burnt in the valley of Hinnom, 1 Kings 15:8 , &c. ...
The Scripture reproaches Asa with not destroying the high places, which, perhaps, he thought it politic to tolerate, to avoid the greater evil of Idolatry. After this exhortation, Asa, being animated with new courage, destroyed the Idols of Judah, Benjamin, and Mount Ephraim; repaired the altar of burnt-offerings; and assembled Judah and Benjamin, with many from the tribes of Simeon, Ephraim, and Manasseh, and on the third day, in the fifteenth year of his reign, celebrated a solemn festival
Feasting - The Jew incurred pollution through partaking of food offered to Idols. ’ It was therefore absolutely imperative to attain from festivals connected with Idol-worship. ...
‘Where the feast is held under the auspices of a heathen god and as a sequel to his sacrifice,’ then abstinence must Follow; ‘participation under these circumstances becomes an act of apostasy, and the feaster Identifies himself with the Idol as distinctly as in the Lord’s Supper he identifies himself with Christ’ (G. Paul recognizes the impossibility of absolute aloofness from these and from social gatherings; but while he maintains the nonentity of Idols, he recognizes the practical power of demonic influence. He allows freedom of intercourse to the strong Christian-provided he keeps from Idolatry and fornication-but he recognizes the danger
Jonathan - It marks how prone to Idolatry were the Israelites, that the priest to Micah's images and afterward to the Danites was a Levite, whose special duty it was to maintain pure Jehovah's worship, and he a descendant of Moses himself! Idolatry begins with the people, it being natural to our sensuous cravings; then it seeks the sanction of the church. Micah began with robbery of his own mother; her curses extorted restitution; she as a meritorious act consecrated the money for a "graven image" (pecel ) and the "molten pedestal" (massecah ) on which it stood like Aaron's calf (Exodus 32:4), to be a representation of Jehovah; it was the forerunner of Jeroboam's calves long after and Idol. (See CALVES; Idol. With the self deceiving folly of Idolaters Micah then said, "now I know that Jehovah will do me good seeing I have a Levite to my priest," as if a Levite's presence could bless where both priest and patron were apostates from the God of all blessing. " Their Idolatry was in the land of spiritual light and privileges (Luke 12:47-48)
Baal (1) - The Hebrew article distinguishes the proper name Baal from the common noun; Bel, the Babylonian Idol (Isaiah 46:1), is related. A remnant of it and an effort to combine Idolatry with Jehovah worship still in part survived until the final purgation of all tendency to Idols was effected by the severe discipline of the Babylonian captivity (Zephaniah 1:4-6)
Benjamin - Throughout the earlier documents Benjamin is a tender youth, the Idol of his father and brothers
Fasting - This was celebrated on the 17th day of the 4th month, and not on the 9th, because, according to the Talmudic tradition, the 17th was the day on which Moses broke the tables of the Law, on which the daily offering ceased owing to the famine caused by the Chaldæan siege, and on which Antiochus Epiphanes burnt the Law and introduced, an Idol into the Holy Place
Responsibility - For example, at Sinai, the Lord commanded the people not to make an Idol to worship. If they did, he would punish the children for the Idolatry of the fathers "to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, " but he would show "love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments" (Exodus 20:5 ; Deuteronomy 5:9 )
Strong And Weak - ...
A similar situation can be seen centering around meat offered to Idols (1 Corinthians 8:1-13 ; 10:23-33 ). The strong have knowledge that an Idol is nothing (vv
Ark of God - When put into the house of their god Dagon the Idol fell down before it on two occasions, and on the second was broken to pieces
Fire - This distinguishes it from the pagan Idol Vesta's fire, the Magian fire, that of the Parsees, etc
Moab, Moabites - ...
Ruth was a MOABITESS, and so also were some of Solomon's wives, for whom he introduced into Jerusalem the worship of Chemosh the Idol of Moab
Antiochus - " He restored to Egypt many of the Idols carried away formerly by the Persian Cambyses, whence the Idolatrous Egyptians surnamed him Euergetes (benefactor). The Jews were constrained to profane the sabbath and monthly on the king's birthday to eat of the Idol sacrifices, and to go in procession to Bacchus, carrying ivy. Antiochus "took away the daily sacrifice, and placed (on the 15th day of Cisleu, on Jehovah's altar) the abomination (idol, Jupiter Olympius' image) that maketh desolate," i
Mizpah - include the high places of the whole kingdom in which the rulers set up Idol altars
Amos - ) Like the prophet in 1 Kings 13, Amos went up from Judah to Bethel to denounce the Idol calf at the risk of his life
Anthropomorphism - ...
Basically, Idolatry is an attempt to comprehend the mystery and represent the presence of a god. Idolaters express their religious longings by projecting their ideals onto their gods. An Idol thus represents a human conception of god. ...
Idolatry usurps God's sovereignty, majesty, and ultimate mystery. Prohibitions against Idolatry are at the heart of Israel's covenant and revealed law (Exodus 20:1-6 ). Living in the midst of worshipers of Baal, Ashera, Astarte, and many other deities, Israel struggled against Idolatry throughout its history. ...
Despite its prohibitions against Idolatry, Israel's faith did not flee from every attempt to personify God
Antichrist - In the above passage in the Revelation this counterfeit of Christ's kingdom is openly Idolatrous. Here again he is an Idolater, honouring a god that his fathers knew not. In Zechariah 11:15-17 he is referred to as the foolish and Idol shepherd, who cares not for the flock, in opposition to the Lord Jesus the good Shepherd
Image - Concerning images in the sense of Idols see Idol,...
IDOLATRY
Magi - The magi, or magians, formed one of the two grand sects into which the Idolatry of the world was divided between 500 and 600 years before Christ. It was therefore necessarily Idolatrous also, and, like all other false systems, flattering to the vicious habits of the people. The Jews were sent into captivity to Babylon to be reformed from their Idolatrous propensities, and their reformation commenced with their calamity. A miracle was there wrought in favour of three Hebrew confessors of the existence of one only God, and that under circumstances to put shame upon a popular Idol in the presence of the king and "all the rulers of the provinces," that the issue of this controversy between Jehovah and Idolatry might be made known throughout that vast empire. —Worship was refused to the Idol by a few Hebrew captives, and the Idol had no power to punish the public affront:— the servants of Jehovah were cast into a furnace, and he delivered them unhurt; and a royal decree declared "that there was no god who could deliver after this sort. Nor are we to suppose the impression confined to the court; for the history of the three Hebrew youths, of Nebuchadnezzar's dream, sickness, and reformation from Idolatry, of the interpretation of the hand writing on the wall by Daniel the servant of the living God, of his deliverance from the lions, and the publicity of the prophecy of Isaiah respecting Cyrus, were too recent, too public, and too striking in their nature, not to be often and largely talked of. Zoroaster himself thus became acquainted with the great truths contained in this famous prophecy, which attacked the very foundations of every Idolatrous and Manichean system. This cannot but be looked upon as one instance of several merciful dispensations of God to the Gentile world, through his own peculiar people, the Jews, by which the Idolatries of the Heathen were often checked, and the light of truth rekindled among them. The Parsees, who were nearly extirpated by Mohammedan fanaticism, were charged by their oppressors with the Idolatry of fire, and this was probably true of the multitude
Idol, Idolatry - The most prevalent form of Idolatry in biblical times was the worship of images or Idols that represented or were thought to embody various pagan deities. From the beginning the threat of Idolatry was in the midst of Israel. The forefathers were Idolaters and, while Abraham was called out of a polytheistic background (Joshua 24:2 ), some persons brought their gods with them (Genesis 35:2-4 ). Israel, however, quickly succumbed to Idolatry by worshiping a golden calf at Mount Sinai (Exodus 32 ). Perhaps it was the fact that the Canaanites, who controlled all of the fertile valleys, offered their fertility cult religion as an explanation for greater productivity to the Hebrews, who had to settle for the less productive hills, or it may have been the emphasis upon sexuality that eventually seduced Israel to the worship of Idols. ...
The erection of two golden calves at northern cult centers by Jeroboam testifies to the syncretistic worship of Yahweh and Idols that marked the remainder of the Old Testament period as Israel increasingly came under the influence of the Assyrian and Babylonian religions. Toward the end of the divided monarchy Idolatry became so rampant that Jeremiah remarked that every town (2:28; 11:13) and all members of the family (7:18) were tainted. They were not to forget God—a process evidenced by disobedience and progressive apostasy to Idols (Deuteronomy 8:19 ; 11:16 ). This relationship with God and subsequent legislation by him made Idolatry anathema for Israel. ...
Since Idolatry substituted another for God it violated the people's holiness and was parallel to adultery; hence the frequent use of negative sexual imagery for Idolatry, especially by the prophets. Both intermarriage and formal treaties were prohibited because of necessary affiliation with pagan gods (Exodus 23:32-33 ), leading to eventual fellowship (Exodus 34:15 ) and worship of Idols (1619110493_4 ). ...
Among the most severe commands were the instructions to destroy the inhabitants of Canaan because they served Idols (Deuteronomy 7:16 ). Included was the destruction and desecration of their Idols (Deuteronomy 7:25 ) and all cultic paraphernalia (Deuteronomy 12:2 ). Insightful are the verbs employed for the destruction of Idols. Eradication included cutting and pulling down, smashing, grinding, breaking, burning, and similar physical actions—all reminders of the inability of Idols to protect themselves. ...
Beyond destruction, desecration by scattering the corpses and bones of slain Idol worshipers upon centers of Idolatry, underlined the degree of impurity Idolatry caused (Leviticus 26:30 ). Active acknowledgment of Idols by prostration, sacrifice, or other means of exaltation is not only a misdirection of allegiance; it robs God of the glory and honor that is rightfully his (Isaiah 42:8 ). The sense of Scripture was to destroy Idolatry or be destroyed by it. ...
Since Idolatry presented an alternative worldview the pressure to worship Idols was felt in all aspects of life. Socially Idolatry became a family affair, involving cities, towns, clans, and tribes. Neither priest, prophet, nor prince were exempt from the corruption of Idolatry (Jeremiah 32:32-35 ). Priests offered sacrifices to Baal and Yahweh and Idols were erected in the temple itself (2 Chronicles 15:16 ; Jeremiah 32:34 ; Ezekiel 8:5-11 ). As time progressed the people even began to explain their past actions in terms of Idols. ...
In contrast to such a bleak picture it is interesting to note that some of the highest accolades of Scripture are reserved for those individuals who shunned Idolatry: Abraham, the friend of God; Moses, to whom God spoke face to face; and David, a man after God's own heart, are three examples. ...
Theologically the reason given for prohibiting Idols is that God is unique and unrepresentable. Failure to acknowledge God as sovereign Creator opens the door to Idolatry and spiritual blindness ( Isaiah 42:5-9 ). ...
Scripture views Idols as impotent. When Israel called upon Idols there was no response. Israel was even told, with the voice of irony, to call upon Idols for help (Deuteronomy 32:28 ; Judges 10:14 ; Isaiah 44:6-203 ) but the gods could not even save their own people (1 Corinthians 6:9-1067 ). Idols are nothing (Jeremiah 51:17-18 ) and lifeless (Psalm 106:28 ). ...
Reference to the construction of Idols in Scripture is more prevalent than might be expected. This attraction for many to worship an Idol—its tangible nature—is also its greatest weakness. Fabricated by human hands, Idols cannot see, hear, smell, walk, or talk (Deuteronomy 4:28 ; Psalm 115:5-7 ; 1619110493_11 ). Idols are not to be feared since they can do neither harm nor good (Jeremiah 10:5 ). What makes the polemic against Idols so significant is that other religions condoned the making of images—the Lord did not!...
Recorded in Scripture are the results of Idolatry for both humankind and God. Those who venerate images are said to be deceived (Isaiah 44:20 ), shamed (Isaiah 44:11 ), and foolish (Jeremiah 10:8 ), eventually imitating the worthless Idols they worship (2 Kings 17:15 ; Hosea 9:10 ). ...
God's first and foremost reaction to Idolatry is anger. Because Idolatry challenges his person and his love for his people it is viewed in terms of God being jealous (a consuming zeal for what was rightfully his) and impugns his very name (Exodus 34:14 ). That God did not destroy Israel because of their Idolatry is clear evidence of his mercy and faithfulness. In the end God promises to destroy all the gods of the nations (Zephaniah 2:11 ) and looks forward to the day when the people will throw away their Idols and return to him (Isaiah 30:22 ). Following the exile and subsequent intertestamental struggles, the Jews no longer fell prey to physical Idolatry. This is why Idolatry is rarely mentioned in the Gospels. As the gospel message spread it encountered various forms of Idolatry in the pagan world as attested in Acts, especially Paul's encounters at Athens (17:16-31) and Ephesus (19:23-34). ...
The pressure of Idolatry on Gentile believers explains the numerous references to Idolatry in Paul's Epistles. Teaching about foods offered to Idols is an excellent example of the struggle of maturing Christians with Idolatry. The fact that Idolatry would continue to be a threat to the church is underscored by the many references to the worship of the image of the beast in Revelation. ...
The New Testament stresses the exceeding sinfulness of Idolatry. Frequent listing of sins includes Idolatry (1619110493_9 ; Galatians 5:20 ; Ephesians 5:5 ; Colossians 3:5 ; 1 Peter 4:3 ; Revelation 21:8 ) and Paul instructs believers not to associate with Idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:11 ; 10:14 ). Distortion brought about by Idolatry is emphatically set forth in Romans 1:18-32 , where image worship is seen as a downward spiral away from the true God. ...
The Bible understands that Idolatry extends beyond the worship of images and false gods. ...
Idolatry is a major theme of the Bible. Admonitions are laced with appeals for repentance, reform, and restoration, one indication being the elimination of Idolatry. To serve other gods is to forsake God; to eliminate Idolatry is a sign of return. Paul's commendation to the Thessalonian believers emphasized their turning from the service of Idols "to serve the living and true God" (1Thess1:9)
Blood - ...
Isaiah 1:15 (a) Probably this is a figure which describes the guilt of these people in murdering their fellowmen and murdering their children for Idol worship
Sabbath - Sunday is a name without meaning, unless indeed it he connected with its derivation, and then it becomes still more improper! for if it be supposed, as some have said, that it took its rise during the time of the Saxon Heptarchy, and had reference to the sun, and therefore called Sun-day, it savours of Idolatry. We know that the sun hath been in all ages the great Idol of the eastern world
Lamaism - The principal Idol in the temples of Tibet, or Thibet, is Muha-Moonee, the Booddhu of Bengal, who is worshipped under these and various other epithets, throughout the great extent of Tartary, and among all nations to the eastward of the Brumhapootru
Gideon - ...
His second revelation was in a dream, commanding him to overthrow his father's altar to Baal and to erect an altar to Jehovah and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the Asherah ("grove") or Idol goddess of nature, probably a wooden pillar (Deuteronomy 16:21). vindicate his own cause on the destroyer of his altar; and as the Jews in contempt changed Baal in compounds to besheth, "Jerubbesheth," "Let the shameful Idol light
Memphis - of modern Cairo; the court of the Idol bull Apis. See Piazzi Smyth, "Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid," on the scientific bearings of this extraordinary and, in his view, divinely planned monument, which has no Idolatrous emblem on it, unlike other Egyptian monuments. (Ezekiel 30:13; Ezekiel 30:16), "I will destroy the Idols and cause their images to cease out of Noph
Hosea - They should be many days without a king, or a sacrifice, or even an Idol (as is the state of Israel in the present day); but they will afterwards return, and seek Jehovah and their king, that is Christ. Ephraim will say, "What have I to do any more with Idols?" God's answer, "I have heard him and observed him
Tabernacle - ...
In all the pagan temples the innermost space was reserved for the Idol, the visual expression of the pagan insistence that the divine is clothed with this world, and that this world is the body of the divine. Those relations do not rest upon ritualistic manipulationmagicas Idol-worship assumes
Knowledge - Paul deals with this relation especially in his discussion of the attitude to be adopted to things sacrificed to Idols. For his generation the difficulty was intense, as some Christians dreaded the slightest approval being given to Idol-worship, while others were so convinced that Idolatry was false that they considered it a negligible quantity. Among the latter were many Corinthian Christians, who had announced to the Apostle their conviction that the whole system of Idolatry seemed so false that they could eat any food irrespective of its being associated with Idol-worship
Apocrypha - Idolatry is denounced, and the God of Israel is glorified. Bel was an Idol worshiped in Babylon. They had a secret entrance and came at night and ate the food brought to the Idol. These stories ridicule paganism and the worship of Idols. It is a strongly worded condemnation of Idolatry
Habakkuk - ...
The woes (Habakkuk 2:6-20 ), not unlike those of the other prophets, denounce various kinds of tyranny: plunder (Habakkuk 2:6-8 ); becoming rich and famous by unjust means (Habakkuk 2:9-11 ); building towns with blood (Habakkuk 2:12-14 ); degrading one's neighbor (Habakkuk 2:15-17 ); and Idol worship (Habakkuk 2:18-19 ). Fifth taunt song: Woe because of Idolatry (Habakkuk 2:18-19 )...
6
Ahaz - What mock humility in one who scrupled not to use God's brazen altar to divine with, and had substituted for God's altar in God's worship the pattern, which pleased his aesthetic tastes, of the Idol altar at Damascus (2 Kings 16:11-15); perhaps the adoption of this pattern, an Assyrian one, was meant as a token of vassalage to Assyria, by adopting some of their religious usage's and Idolatries; indeed Tiglath Pileser expressly records in the Assyrian monuments that he held his court at Damascus, and there received submission and tribute of both Pekah of Samaria and Ahaz of Judah. Ahaz's true reason for declining was his resolve not to do God's will, but to negotiate with Assyria and persevere in Idolatry (2 Kings 16:7-8; 2 Kings 16:3-4; 2 Kings 16:10). He also "cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them, and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen and put it upon a pavement of stones," putting God off with inferior things and taking all the best for his own purposes, whether of Idolatry or selfish luxury
Daniel - They accused Daniel’s friends of treason for refusing to worship an Idol that the king had set up, and had them thrown into a fiery furnace; but God saved them through their ordeal (3:1-30)
Wisdom of Solomon - , καὶ γὰρ τὸ πραχθὲν σὺν τῷ δράσαντι κολασθήσεται· διὰ τοῦτο καὶ ἐν εἰδώλοις ἐθνῶν ἐπισκοπὴ ἔσται, ‘for that which is done shall be punished with the doer; on this account there shall be a visitation also on the Idols of the Gentiles,’ where the first proposition is meaningless, while the attempt to give it a meaning in the AV , ‘for that which was made shall be punished together with him that made it,’ assigns to the two verbs πράττειν and δρᾶν a sense which they have in no Greek writing of any period,* and introduces a proposition which is very little better than the other. In Mechilta, 13, on Isaiah 41:6-79 (= Pesikta, 7) it is stated that, when the first-born of any Egyptian died, the father made an image of him, which he set up in his house; this comes from Wisdom of Solomon 14:15, where it is suggested that Idolatry thus arose, the intention being also to account for the apparent identification of the gods of Egypt with their first born in Exodus 12:12. 63b (end) the substance of 14:12, 13 is represented by ‘the Israelites knew that the Idols had no reality in them and only worshipped them in order to consummate unlawful unions,’ though the correspondence may be accidental. It is certain that the Greek word εἰρήνη is not a name for any Idolatrous system; but the Hebrew phrase ‘to call peace to’ (-, Judges 21:13; cf. Deuteronomy 20:10) means not to designate by the name ‘peace,’ but to invite to peace, or offer friendship to; and this is what the phrase appears to signify in the passage cited, since the justification of the proposition in what follows is that the Idolaters keep on perpetrating various atrocities. In the account in Isaiah, ‘half of it he burneth in the fire; on half of it he eateth flesh, he roasteth roast and is satisfied; yea he warmeth himself; and the residue thereof he maketh a god,’ wherein apparently two parts of the timber are employed as firewood, and the remainder used for the Idol-the important matter, that the primary object was a piece of furniture, the secondary firewood, being forgotten by the prophet, yet very clearly somehow in his mind. The fact that the Idol so fashioned has then to be secured by a nail appears in its right place in Wisdom of Solomon 13:15, whereas in Isaiah 41:7 it is remembered, but is out of its right place; further, 1619110493_11 gives the appearance of being a confused reminiscence of Wisdom of Solomon 15:9, where the potter is shown to be the most contemptible of all Idol-makers, for, instead of reflecting that he is clay himself, he tries to rival the goldsmith and the worker in bronze. ...
Besides this, it seems surprising that an author of such marked ability should employ a pseudonym, and in particular adopt the mask of Solomon, in whose mouth the fierce condemnation of Idolatry is peculiarly inappropriate, whilst the attack on unlawful unions and their fruit is scarcely tolerable
Art - The Jews were not an inartistic nation, though they had not the genius for art of some other races: they had music, poetry, sculpture, architecture, and the usual minor arts of their time; and, though in sculpture they were under strict regulations for the prevention of Idolatry, this did not prevent them from using graven images within the sanctuary itself, while in the ornaments of their worship they had been guided by elaborate regulations as to form and colour and symbolism. ’ Thus the Christian artist is a teacher, his art is ministerial, and when it appears to be an end in itself Idolatry has begun; his true function is both to interpret the world as God has made it in its beauty, in the light of a deeper understanding of its meaning, and also to embody to men his own visions of the truth—‘he is not a mirror but a prophet,’ and love is his guide. Clement describes a number of subjects commonly engraved upon seals to which Christians could give a Christian meaning (see Christ in Art), whilst he forbids the use of seals which bear Idols, swords, bows, and drinking cups—condemning thus, not art, but Idolatry, war, and drunkenness (Paed. ...
Even Tertullian, Montanist though he was, is clear in not condemning artists for practising their art, though he has a good deal to say about their making Idols; the artist who makes Idols works ‘illicitly’ like Hermogenes, who ‘despises God’s law in his painting’ (adv. An artist’s profession was full of temptation from heathen patrons: so Tertullian warns them that ‘every artificer of an Idol is guilty of one and the same crime’ as he who worships it (de Idol. 3), since to make an Idol is to worship it (ib. 6); and he advises them to practise their art in other directions—‘gild slippers instead of statues’—‘We urge men generally to such kinds of handicrafts as do not come in contact with an Idol’ (ib. ...
It is certain as a historic fact that the early Church had no suspicion of art, but accepted without scruple the decorative motives and forms of the classical civilization to which, apart from religion and ethics, she belonged, eliminating only such themes as bore an Idolatrous or immoral meaning
Aaron - Perhaps Aaron had hoped that their love of their personal finery and jewelry, which is the Idol of so many in our own days, would prove stronger than their appetite for open Idolatry; but men will for superstition part with that which they will not part with for a pure worship. " This form was probably designed as a compromise to combine the seemingly common elements of the worship of Jehovah associated with the calf-formed cherubim , and of the Egyptian Idol-ox, Μnevis or Αpis
Paul as a Controversialist - It is our self-idolatry and our self-aggrandisement; it is our greed, and our pride, and our intolerance, and our contempt and scorn of all other men, that is the one and only cause of all our contentions and controversies. They are joined to their Idol, let them alone. While, if any writer or speaker had a single word to say for that fallen Idol and for his policy, they were either rogues or fools
Games - " Ye gain no end, he implies to the Corinthians, in your eating Idol meats
Abomination of Desolation - The original reference is clearly to the desecration of the Temple by the soldiers of Antiochus Epiphanes, the ceasing of the daily burnt-offering, and the election of an Idol-altar upon the great Altar of Sacrifice in b. In support of this view it is urged (a) that the ‘little Apocalypse’ (2 Thessalonians 2:1-12, a passage closely resembling this) clearly contemplates a Jewish apostasy; (b) that the word used in Daniel (שׁקּוּץ = βδέλυγμα) is properly used not of Idolatry in the abstract, but of Idolatry or false worship adopted by Jews (1 Kings 11:5, 2 Kings 23:13, Ezekiel 5:11); (c) that there was among the Jews a tradition to the effect that Jerusalem would be destroyed if their own hands should pollute the Temple of God (ἐὰν χεῖρες οἰκεῖαι προμιάνωσι τὸ τοῦ θεοῦ τέμενος, Josephus BJ iv vi
Altar - Antiochus Epiphanes erected a small altar to Jupiter-‘the abomination of desolation’ (1 Maccabees 1:54)-upon the θυσιαστήριον of the temple, and ‘on the twenty-fifth day of the month they sacrificed upon the Idol-altar (βωμός) which was upon the altar of God (θυσιαστήριον). (2) In arguing against the possibility of partaking of the Eucharist and joining in Idolatrous festivals, St
Food - This created difficulties for Christians when food at such meals had previously been offered to Idols (1 Corinthians 8:1-8; 1 Corinthians 10:14-21; see Idol, IdolATRY)
Altar - Antiochus Epiphanes erected a small altar to Jupiter-‘the abomination of desolation’ (1 Maccabees 1:54)-upon the θυσιαστήριον of the temple, and ‘on the twenty-fifth day of the month they sacrificed upon the Idol-altar (βωμός) which was upon the altar of God (θυσιαστήριον). (2) In arguing against the possibility of partaking of the Eucharist and joining in Idolatrous festivals, St
Jehoiachin - " "Is this man Coniah a despised broken Idol? (he was Idolized by the Jews)
Retaliation - As much of the discourse is aimed at the Pharisees, who had made an Idol of the minutiae of the Law, it is wholly improbable that Christ meant to lay down a new set of rules, which could be worthily observed only by adhering to their letter
Magic - Chavalas...
See also Divination ; Idol, Idolatry ...
Bibliography
Arnobius - Arnobius was a sincere pagan; versed in schemes of philosophy; but none the less an unhesitating and even abject Idolator. Of Idol-worship and incense he speaks in terms which prove that he can have known nothing of images, or incense, or a local presence, in the conventicula of the Christians
Nicolaitans - John saying to the church in Pergamos, "I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to cast a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto Idols, and to commit fornication,"...
Revelation 2:14 . " There seems here to be some comparison between the doctrine of Balaam and that of the Nicolaitans: and I would also point out, that to the church in Thyatira the Apostle writes, "I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto Idols," Revelation 2:20 . Tertullian has preserved a tradition, that the person here spoken of as Jezebel was a female heretic, who taught what she had learned from the Nicolaitans: and whether the tradition be true or not, it seems certain, that to eat things sacrificed unto Idols, and to commit fornication, was part of the practice of the Nicolaitans. John, as well as of the fathers, that the lives of the Nicolaitans were profligate and vicious; to which we may add, that they ate things sacrificed to Idols. They wished to gain proselytes to their doctrines; and they therefore taught that it was lawful to indulge the passions, and that there was no harm in partaking of an Idol sacrifice. This had now become the test to which Christians must submit, if they wished to escape persecution: and the Nicolaitans sought to gain converts by telling them that they might still believe in Jesus, though "they ate of things sacrificed unto Idols
Eucharist - Disorders had arisen in that Church in connexion with the attitude of Christians towards meals in Idol-temples and in connexion with the Eucharist. Paul warns the Corinthians of the dangers of Idolatry. The particular sin of which lie warns them is Idolatry. He affirms that those who partake of a meal in an Idol’s temple really enter into Communion with the demons who are at the back of Idolatrous worship. In his conception the meat is offered to the Idol and becomes the property of the demons, so that the demons are, as it were, the hosts at the sacrificial banquet. There is a close parallel to the effect produced by participation in an Idol-sacrifice, in which the worshippers are united to one another as well as to the demon
Obsolete or Obscure Words in the English av Bible - ...
Abomination, Deuteronomy 7:26—idol; polluted thing
Bereans - A God without election, they argue, or choice in all his works, is a God without existence, a mere Idol, a nonentity
Typology - Here what is “stamped or beaten out” is an Idol. Pattern as a mold or norm While Stephen pointed out a bad pattern in the case of Idolatry, Paul emphasized a good pattern in Romans 6:17
Drunkenness - At Corinth the ἀγάπη, or love-feast, which ended in the Lord’s Supper, all too readily degenerated into something not very unlike the banquets in the Idol-temples
Diseases - The Gentiles were in the habit of referring back the pestilence to the agency and interference of that being, whatever it might be, whether Idol or spirit, whom they regarded as the divinity
Solomon - The Scripture speaks of the daughter of Pharaoh, as contributing to pervert Solomon, 1 Kings 11:1-2 ; Nehemiah 13:26 ; and it is very likely, that if at first this princess might seem converted to the Lord, she afterward might retain her private disposition to Idolatry, and might engage her husband in it. These women perverted his heart in his declining age, so that he worshipped Ashtoreth, goddess of the Sidonians, Moloch, Idol of the Ammonites, and Chemosh, god of the Moabites
Ark of the Covenant - Thus every tendency to Idolatry was excluded, an ark occupying the central place of holiness, and that seen only once a year by the one religious representative of the people. Manasseh set up an Idol, a carved image, instead of the ark which contained the testimony against him
Idolatry - IdolATRY . Hebrew religion is represented as beginning with Abraham, who forsook the Idolatry, as well as the home, of his ancestors ( Genesis 12:1 , Joshua 24:2 ); but it was specially through the influence of Moses that Jehovah was recognized as Israel’s God. The whole subsequent history up to the Exile is marked by frequent lapses into Idolatry. We should therefore consider (1) the causes of Hebrew Idolatry, (2) its nature, (3) the opposition it evoked, and (4) the teaching of NT. Causes of Hebrew Idolatry . (1) When, after the Exodus, the Israelites settled in Canaan among Idolatrous peoples, they were far from having a pure monotheism (cf. ( b ) Their environment was thus perilous, and the danger was intensified by intermarriage with Idolaters. Solomon and Ahab by their marriage alliances introduced and promoted Idol cults. ( b ) Idols, too, were used in domestic worship ( Judges 17:5 ; cf. Baalism was the chief Israelite Idolatry, and sometimes, e. Connected with this Idolatry is totemism , so widely traced even to-day. There is a striking allusion to this Idolatry in Job 31:26-28 . The expression ‘queen of heaven’ in Jeremiah 7:18 ; Jeremiah 44:19 is obscure; but it probably points to this class of Idolatry. Machpelah); in Isaiah 65:4 the context suggests Idolatry. ...
(5) A curious mixture of Idolatry and Jehovism existed in Samaria after the destruction of the Northern Kingdom. Opposition to Idolatry . While fully allowing for the facts alluded to in § 1 , it is impossible to account not for mere temporary lapses, but for the marked persistence of Idolatry among the Hebrews, unless we recognize the growth which characterizes their laws and polity from the simple beginning up to the finished product. Until the Deuteronomic epoch began, the enactments of Mosaism in regard to Idolatry were clearly of the slenderest proportions. 850) contains an earlier Decalogue, embodying such traditional Mosaic legislation as actually permitted the use of simple images (distinct from molten cultus-idols, Exodus 34:17 ). Such development accounts for the phenomena presented by the history of Idolatry in Israel. ) which Hezekiah removed as Idolatrous ( 2 Kings 18:4 ). This legislation aims at the complete destruction of everything suggestive of Idolatry. A code, otherwise humane, is on this point extremely severe: Idolatry was punishable by death ( 1619110493_70 ; cf. Such a view of Idolatry exhibits in its correct perspective the teaching of Jeremiah and Ezekiel, the elaborate Levitical enactments, the exilic and post-exilic literature. The Exile marks practically the end of Hebrew Idolatry. ...
A striking proof of the great change is given by the Maccabæan war, caused by the attempt of Antiochus Epiphanes to force Idolatry on the very nation which in an earlier period had been only too prone to accept it. As Idolatry was thus nonexistent in Judaism in the time of Christ, it is not surprising that He does not allude to it. But Idolatry in Christian doctrine has a wider significance than the service of material Idols. Anything that interferes between the soul and its God is Idolatrous, and is to be shunned (cf
Conscience - In 1 Corinthians 8:7 ‘conscience of the Idol,’ and in Hebrews 10:2 ‘conscience of sins,’ would now be better rendered ‘consciousness. It was a want of ‘knowledge’ that led some in the Corinthian Church to shrink from eating meat that had been offered to an Idol (1 Corinthians 8:7), and a consequent mistake of judgment when they came to the conclusion that such eating was wrong
Oracles - In times of Idol worship, however, Israelites did seek a word or pronouncement from false gods (Hosea 4:12 )
Jehoshaphat - He utterly abolished the Idol high places and, as far as he could, the unlawful Jehovah high places, but was unable thoroughly to get rid of the latter (1 Kings 15:14; 1 Kings 22:43). ) A fatal union (1 Corinthians 15:33)! Many facts attest the intimacy between the two dynasties; (See ELIJAH'S avoiding Judah when fleeing from Ahab; the same names given in the two families; Jehovah's name compounded in names of Ahab's Idolatrous children; Jehoshaphat's readiness to go with (See AHAB to battle at Ramoth Gilead
Money - Isaiah 46:6 , describes the wicked as weighing silver in a balance, to make an Idol of it; and Jeremiah 32:10 , weighs seventeen pieces of silver in a pair of scales, to pay for a field he had bought
Herod - He built at Jerusalem a stately theatre and amphitheatre, in which he celebrated games in honour of Augustus, to the great displeasure of the zealous Jews, who discovered an Idolatrous profanation in the theatrical ornaments and spectacles. Nothing, it is said, gave them so much offence as some trophies which he had set round his theatre in honour of Augustus, and in commemoration of his victories, but which the Jews regarded as images devoted to the purposes of Idol worship
New Moon - ’ Note also Tertullian’s use of neomenia when referring to the new moon as a festival (de Idol
Disease - Disease had a religious dimension for all ancient peoples, partly from the natural recourse to superhuman help in danger or distress; Idol shrines at Corinth, Ephesus, and Rome were as beset with sufferers as was the Jerusalem temple
Demon - Quod Idola dii non sint, 6f. On the one hand, ‘no Idol is anything in the world, and there is no God but one’ (1 Corinthians 8:4); on the other hand, the sacrifices of the heathen are offered to demons, not to God, and therefore Christians must not attend heathen temples lest they have communion with demons (1 Corinthians 10:20 f. And similarly in Revelation 9:20 the worship of demons is joined to that of Idols
Abram - And I am the more inclined to this belief, because, in the instance of Jeconiah, in an after age of the church, the Lord manifested his displeasure to this man, by taking from his name one of those distinguishing letters of JEHOVAH, and calling him Coniah, a "despised broken Idol
Balaam - It should seem from the history of Egypt, in the magicians we read of in that history, that this custom of using enchantments among Idolatrous nations, was very common. How then could he dare to tempt the Lord by any farther enquiry? and how could he presume to go forth, at the call of this Idolatrous prince, to curse those whom the Lord had told him were blessed? We cannot but suppose that Balaam, coming out of the East, must have heard of Israel, and the Lord's care over them. " This Baal-peor was an obscene Idol, before which image, the votaries offered the most horrid prostitution of their bodies, and wrought such abomination as would be shocking to the feelings of chastity to relate
Pentecost - 200) apparently is the first to use it as the name of a Christian festival (de Idol. passes (a period fraught with all sorts of problems for the Church historians), and in Tertullian we find Pentecost definitely referred to as a Christian feast, familiar and established (de Idol
Pentecost - 200) apparently is the first to use it as the name of a Christian festival (de Idol. passes (a period fraught with all sorts of problems for the Church historians), and in Tertullian we find Pentecost definitely referred to as a Christian feast, familiar and established (de Idol
Ishmael - Baalis (called from the Idol Baal) his host, urged him to slay Gedaliah who under the Babylonian king governed Judaea and the population which had not been carried away
World - Occasionally the conception is simply this (1 Corinthians 8:4, there is no such thing as an Idol, ἐν κόσμῳ; 1 Corinthians 14:10, there are various kinds of sounds in it); but normally the thought of God as Creator of the Cosmos is expressed or implied (e
Babylon, History And Religion of - ...
The gods were thought of as residing in cosmic localities, but also as present in their image, or Idol, and living in the temple as a king in his palace
God - The Chaldeans referred to such “gods” when reporting that Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego refused to participate in Idol worship on the plain of Dura ( Aaron - Having finished the Idol, the people placed it on a pedestal, and danced around it, saying, "These be thy gods, O Israel;" or, as it is expressed in Nehemiah, "This is thy God," the image or symbol of thy God, "which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt
God - In addition, it forbids the use of anything in nature or anything made by human hands as a physical image of God, for such things can lead only to wrong ideas about God (Exodus 20:4-5; Deuteronomy 4:15-19; see Idol, IdolATRY)
World - Occasionally the conception is simply this (1 Corinthians 8:4, there is no such thing as an Idol, ἐν κόσμῳ; Song of Solomon 11:710 there are various kinds of sounds in it); but normally the thought of God as Creator of the Cosmos is expressed or implied (e
Babel - Their tower toward heaven may have marked its religious dedication to the heavens (sabeanism, worship of the tsaba , the hosts of heaven), the first era in Idolatry; as also the first effort after that universal united empire on earth which is to be realized not by man's ambition, but by the manifestation of Messiah, whose right the kingdom is (Ezekiel 21:27). Chedorlaomer (or Lagomer, an Idol), king of Elam, is represented in Genesis 14 as leader of the other kings including the king of Shinar (Babylonia). Belshazzar (from Bel the Idol, and shat, a prince), by a self confident careless watch and unseasonable and profane revelry (Daniel 5), allowed Cyrus' forces on a great Babylonian festival to enter by the bed of the river which the invader had drained into another channel, and was slain
Egypt - The great pyramid (the oldest architectural monument in existence according to Lepsius) is distinguished from all other Egyptian monuments in having no Idolatrous symbols. " It is a monument of divinely-ordered number before the beginning of Idolatry. The Israelites fell into their Idolatries in Egypt (Joshua 24:14; Ezekiel 20:7-8. ) This explains their readiness to worship the golden calf, resembling the Egyptian ox-idol, Apis (Exodus 32). wind from the desert darkening the arm: sphere with dense masses of fine sand, would fill with gloom the Egyptians, whose chief Idol was Ra, the sun god. The effect of the divine plagues on the Egyptians is seen in the fact that a "mixed multitude," numbering many Egyptians who gave up their Idols to follow Israel's God, accompanied Israel at the Exodus (Exodus 12:38), besides Semitics whose fathers had come in with the Hyksos
Gods And Goddesses, Pagan - The proclamation was to be made in the temples of their Idols and among the people (1 Samuel 31:6-10 ): the Baals and Ashtoreths were mightier than the Lord!...
Ashtoreth's influence was finally discredited by Josiah, who "cleaned house" by destroying the shrines erected by Solomon. Tammuz was a Syrian and Phoenician god of fertility, venerated in the worship of Idols and elaborate, extreme rituals. Finley...
See also Idol, Idolatry ...
Bibliography
Manliness - Tertullian, de Idol
Assyria, History And Religion of - ...
The various gods were thought of as residing in cosmic localities, but also as present in their image, or Idol, and living in the temple as a king in his palace
Enoch Book of - The temporary success and triumph of the wicked, Idolaters, luxurious, rich, oppressors, rulers, kings, and mighty ones, and the present sufferings of the righteous, are continually contrasted with their future destiny-after death or after judgment, according to the views of the particular author as to the moment at which moral discrimination will begin. Here stand the fallen angels, whose spirits seduce men to Idolatry (xix. -Noah calls on Enoch at the ends of the earth; he is told judgment is imminent because of sorcery and Idolatry, and the violence of the Satans; Noah is to be preserved: from him shall proceed a fountain of righteous and holy (= Israel) for ever (lxv. Methuselah and his family are summoned and exhorted to love righteousness; violence must increase, but judgment will follow; Idols will fail, and the heathen be judged in fire for ever; the righteous are to rise again (xci. 10, de Idol. (de Idol
Law - Even Israel's frequent apostasies magnify the divine power and wisdom which by such seemingly inadequate instruments effected His purpose of preserving true religion and morality, when all the philosophic and celebrated nations sank deeper and deeper into Idolatry and profligacy. As it is, the Mosaic law derived little of its influence from men of mere human genius, and it was actually opposed to the sensual and Idolatrous inclinations of the mass of the people. " The order of the ten indicates the divine hand; God's being, unity, exclusive deity, "have no other gods before My face" (Hebrews 4:13); His worship as a Spirit without Idol symbol; His name; His day; His earthly representatives, parents, to be honoured; then regard for one's neighbour's life; for his second self, his wife; his property; character; bridling the desires, the fence of duty to one's neighbour and one's self. The sense of Psalms 139:24 is "see if there be any way of "idolatry" (otseb , as in Isaiah 48:5; the Hebrew also means pain which is the sure issue of Idolatry) in me, and lead me in the way everlasting" promised to David and his seed in Messiah (compare 1 John 5:21; Proverbs 8:35; Proverbs 12:28; Proverbs 14:32; Proverbs 21:16; Proverbs 24:11; Ecclesiastes 8:11-12; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Ecclesiastes 12:13-14; 2 Kings 2:11-12; Confession - It comes out incidentally in a passage about Idol meats, where St
Apocrypha - It is a proof by Daniel that the priests of Bel and their families ate the food set before the Idol. Its purpose seems to have been (1) to quiet the souls of the Jews in exile by telling them that they would soon return to their native land; and (2) to admonish them to flee the Idolatry that was everywhere prevalent in Babylonia. Bar 6:1-73 is called the ‘ Epistle of Jeremy ,’ and is nominally a letter of that prophet, warning the exiles against worshipping Idols. Wisdom of Solomon lauds wisdom and a righteous life, but condemns Idolatry and wickedness
Apostolic Constitutions And Canons - 6 of those whose gifts should not be received-adulterers, cruel employers, Idol-makers, thieves, unjust publicans, drunkards, usurers, A strange piece of advice follows-that, if such contributions have to be taken, they shall be expended in fuel for the needy rather than in food, as the putrid sacrificial meat is ordered in Leviticus 19:6 to be burnt
Jeroboam - men, employed for 20 years in works for the glory of Judah, and for palaces and Idol temples (besides Jehovah's temple transferred from Shiloh in northern Israel to Judah's capital), all for a prince no longer of their own line
Ten Commandments - This principle is everywhere expressed through the practice of Idolatry. He simply makes it a requirement for a covenantal relationship with himself that they never try to make an Idol of him. From Genesis 3 on the issue is the same: Will we allow God to satisfy our desires in his way, or will we insist on trying to satisfy them in our own strength? This is where Idolatry comes from; it is an attempt to manipulate the divine in order to satisfy the human desires for power, security, comfort, and pleasure. Thus it is that Paul makes the remarkable identification of covetousness with Idolatry ( Ephesians 5:5 ; see also Isaiah 57:13-17 , where the same connection is implied )
Temple - The distinctive idea of a temple, contrasted with all other buildings, is that it is the dwelling-place of a deity; and every heathen temple had its Idol, but the true and living God dwelt "between the cherubim" in the Holy of Holies at Jerusalem. All the people also, from various motives, gloried in it, many with a bigoted and Idolatrous regard
Priest - The priests' duty was to keep the altar fire ever burning (Leviticus 6:12-13), symbolizing Jehovah's never ceasing worship; not like the Idol Vesta's sacred fire, but connected with sacrifices. The prophets who ought to have checked joined in the Idolatry (Jeremiah 5:31)
Division of the Earth - See the numerous authorities adduced in support of the identity of the Gomerians and Celts, by that learned and ingenious antiquary, Faber, in his "Origin of Pagan Idolatry. And this Ion is said by Eusebius to have been the ringleader in the building of the tower of Babel, and the first introducer of Idol worship, and Sabianism, or adoration of the sun, moon, and stars
Gods, Pagan - ...
In addition to their cosmic nature, the gods were thought of as present in their image, or Idol, and living in the temple as a king in his palace
Ezekiel, Theology of - ...
First, he saw the "idol of jealousy" in the north gate (vv
Magic, Divination, And Sorcery - Throughout pre-exilic times there was a struggle in Israel between the pure worship of Jehovah alone as inculcated by the great prophets, and the worship of ‘other gods,’ such as the local Canaanitish Baalim and Idols in the homes of the people. This evil tendency was encouraged by Manasseh ( 2 Kings 21:6 ), but in the reformation of Josiah, Idolatry, witchcraft, and the use of teraphim were suppressed ( 2 Kings 23:24 ) in accordance with Deuteronomy 18:10-12 (D Asceticism (2) - Wealth is represented as an Idol; care about material things as a kind of heathenism
Paul - ) Instead of appealing to the Scriptures, he appeals to what they knew, the witness of God in His gifts of "rain and fruitful seasons "; he urges them to "turn from these vanities ("dead Idols") to serve the living God who made all things," in undesigned coincidence with Pauline language (1 Thessalonians 1:9-10). " With characteristic fickleness the mob stoned him whom just before they Idolized. The decree followed, binding the Gentiles only to abstinence from Idol pollutions, fornication, and, in deference to the Jews' feelings, from things strangled and blood
Offence (2) - They know, for example, that an Idol is nothing in the world, and that is enough to answer all questions about their relation to Idolatry—about buying and eating meat which had been sacrificed in a pagan temple, about attending a pagan friend’s feast in the temple, and so forth
Elisha - ...
Like Elijah, he conquered the Idols on their own ground, performing without fee the cures for which Beelzebub of Ekron was sought in vain. At Bethel, on his way from Jericho to Carmel (2 Kings 2:23), where he had been with Elijah (2 Kings 2:2), he was met by "young men" (narim , not "little children"), Idolaters or infidels, who, probably at the prompting of Baal's prophets in that stronghold of his worship sneered at the report of Elijah's ascension: "Go up" like thy master, said they, "thou bald head" (qereach , i. ...
He further asked God's pardon if, when in attendance on the Syrian king, he bowed in Rimmon's temple as a mark of respect to his master's religious feeling, not to the Idol. Elisha, without sanctioning this compromise, but tacitly leaving his religious convictions to expand gradually, and in due time to east off the remains of Idolatry still cleaving to him, bade him farewell with the customary "Go in peace
Noah - Assurbanipal was closely connected with Erech, it alone remaining loyal when the rest of Babylonia revolted; to it therefore he restored the Idol Nana, which the Elamites carried away 1635 years before (2295 B
Magi - de Idol
Hellenism - to introduce Greek Idol-worship in place of the Jewish cult caused a reaction, when the Maccabees revolted and succeeded in delivering their country from the political domination of the Seleucids
Work - As well as the blessing, however, there is also the constant dangerto Idolize the results of work, prosperity, and consequently assume that human strength alone or the fertility gods of the pagan neighbors are responsible for the abundance (Deuteronomy 8:17 ; 32:15 ). The consequences of selfishness and Idolatry are always human oppression, as the powerless become trampled in the mad stampede for wealth. Only then will human work be free from anxiety, Idolatry, laziness, and lethargy. ...
If anxiety characterizes much of human work, so does Idolatry. This means that if one's work inhibits one from doing the will of God, it must goit is an Idol
Covenant - While Moses was receiving instructions concerning worship (building of the tabernacle, its furnishings, ordaining Aaron and sons as priests) the Israelites made an Idol and worshiped it (32:1-6)
Elijah - This Idolatry had been introduced by Ahab and his Idolatrous wife, Ethbaal's daughter Jezebel (in violation of the first, commandment), as if the past sin of Israel were not enough, and as if it were "a light thing to walk in the sins of Jeroboam," namely, the worship of Jehovah under the symbol of a calf, in violation of the second commandment. )...
Ahab and his party represented Baal and Jehovah as essentially the same God, in order to reconcile the people to this further and extreme step in Idolatry; compare 1 Kings 18:21; Hosea 2:16. Elijah's work was to confound these sophisms and vindicate Jehovah's claim to be God ALONE, to the exclusion of all Idols. Therefore, he suddenly comes forth before Ahab, the apostate king, announcing in Jehovah's name "As the Lord God of Israel liveth (as contrasted with the dead Idols which Israel worshipped) before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word. But apostates, as Israel, are more bigoted than original Idolaters as the Phoenicians. The Idolatrous prophets were slain at the Brook Kishon, Idolatry being visited according to the law with the penalty of high treason against God the king of the national theocracy (Deuteronomy 13:9-11; Deuteronomy 13:15; Deuteronomy 18:20). Ahaziah, with his mother's Idol-mad vindictiveness, sent a captain with fifty to arrest this "lord of hair" (Hebrew text: 2 Kings 1:8) whom he at once guessed to be Elijah. The severity of the judgment by fire is due to the greatness of the guilt of the Israelite king and his minions who strove against God Himself in the person of His prophet, and hardened themselves in Idolatry, which was high treason against God and incurred the penalty of death under the theocracy. Hence, we find not less than fifty called "sons of strength" at Elijah's translation (2 Kings 2:3; 2 Kings 2:7); and these settled at Bethel, one of the two head quarters of Idolatry
Jews - Here they were often punished for their rebellion, Idolatry, whoredom, &c. ...
On their entrance into Canaan, God ordered them to cut off every Idolatrous Canaanite; but they spared vast numbers of them, who enticed them to wickedness, and were sometimes God's rod to punish them. For many ages they had enjoyed little prosperity, and often relapsed into awful Idolatry, worshipping Baalim, Ashtaroth. There relapses into Idolatry also brought on them repeated turns of slavery from the heathen among or around them. The kingdom of Israel, Ephraim, or the ten tribes, had never so much as one pious king: Idolatry was always their established religion. The kingdom of Judah had pious and wicked sovereigns by turns, though they often relapsed into Idolatry, which brought great distress upon them. After Josiah was slain by Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, the people returned to Idolatry, and God gave them up to servitude to the Egyptians and the Chaldeans. Multitudes were killed, and ten thousand prisoners carried off; the temple was dedicated to Olympius, an Idol of Greece, and the Jews exposed to the basest treatment. Let us applaud their hatred of Idolatry
Moses - After thus destroying their Idol, he inflicted punishment on the Idolaters themselves; for he summoned all that were on the Lord's side to attend him; and all the Levites having obeyed the call, he sent them, in the name of the Lord, to slay all the Idolaters, from one end of the camp to the other, without favour or affection either to their neighbour or to their brother; and they slew about three thousand men. The Lord also sent a grievous plague among them for their Idolatry, Exodus 32:2-35 , on which occasion Moses gave a signal proof of his love for his people, by interceding for them with the Lord; and of his own disinterestedness, in refusing the offer of the Almighty to adopt his family in their room, and make of them "a great nation. From an obscure passage in the New Testament, in which Michael the archangel is said to have contended with the devil about the body of Moses, Judges 1:9 , some have thought that he was buried by the ministry of angels, near the scene of the Idolatry of the Israelites; but that the spot was purposely concealed, lest his tomb might also be converted into an object of Idolatrous worship among the Israelites, like the brazen serpent
Montanus - 41) an Idol priest
Basilius, Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia - But when he found himself completely eclipsed he became jealous of Basil's popularity and treated him with a marked coldness, amounting almost to insolence, which awoke the hostility of the Christians of Caesarea, whose Idol Basil was
Chrysostom, John, Bishop of Constantinople - In his zeal for the suppression of pagan Idolatry he obtained an imperial edict, a. Chrysostom was still the Idol of the common people
Cyprianus (1) Thascius Caecilius - It is not quite clear what is meant by Jerome in speaking of him as a former "adsertor Idololatriae," and Augustine as "having decorated the crumbling doctrines of demons. He composed, in his Quod Idola dii non sint , a Christian assault on Polytheism, freely compiling the 1James , 2 nd sections of his tract from Minucius, § 20–27, § 18, § 32, and his 3rd section from Tertullian's Apology , § 21–23, with some traces of Tert. de Idol
Mahometanism - ...
After he began by this advantageous match to live at his ease, it was, that he formed the scheme of establishing a new religion, or, as he expressed it, of replanting the only true and ancient one professed by Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and all the prophets, by destroying the gross Idolatry into which the generality of his countrymen had fallen, and weeding out the corruptions and superstitions which the latter Jews and Christians had, as he thought, introduced into their religion, and reducing it to its original purity, which consisted chiefly in the worship of one God. This repulse, however, was so far from discouraging Mahomet, that he began to preach in public to the people, who heard him with some patience, till he came to upbraid them with the Idolatry, obstinacy, and perverseness of themselves and their fathers; which so highly provoked them, that they declared themselves his enemies; and would soon have procured his ruin, had he not been protected by Abu Taleb. That they should renounce all Idolatry; and that they should not steal, nor commit fornication, nor kill their children (as the pagan Arabs used to do when they apprehended they should not be able to maintain them, ) nor forge calumnies; and that they should obey the prophet in all things that were reasonable. But this great passiveness and moderation seem entirely owing to his want of power, and the great superiority of his opposers, for the first twelve years of his mission; for no sooner was he enabled, by the assistance of those of Medina, to make head against his enemies, than he gave out, that God had allowed him and his followers to defend themselves against the infidels: and at length, as his forces increased, he pretended to have the divine leave even to attack them, and destroy Idolatry, and set up the true faith by the sword; finding by experience, that his designs would otherwise proceed very slowly, if they were not utterly overthrown; and knowing, on the other hand, that innovators, when they depend solely on their own strength, and can compel, seldom run any risk; from whence, says Machiavel, it follows, that all the armed prophets have succeeded, and the unarmed ones have failed. From Abu Beer's house Mahomet and he went to a cave in mount Thur, to the south-east of Mecca, accompanied only by Amor Ebn Foheirah, Abu Beer's servant, and Abd'allah Ebn Oreitah, an Idolater whom they had hired for a guide. ...
About twenty-eight of the Idolaters were killed by a party under the command of Khaled; but this happened contrary to Mahomet's orders, who, when he entered the town, pardoned all the Koreish on their submission, except only six men and four women, who were more obnoxious than ordinary, (some of them having apostatized, ) and were solemnly prescribed by the prophet himself: but of these no more than one man and one woman were put to death, the rest obtaining pardon on their embracing Mahometanism, and one of the women making her escape. The remainder of this year Mahomet employed in destroying the Idols in and round Mecca, sending several of the generals on expeditions for that purpose, and to invite the Arabs to Islamism; wherein it is no wonder if they now met with success. ...
Thus was Mahometanism established, and Idolatry rooted out, even in Mahomet's life-time, (for he died the next year, ) throughout all Arabia, except only Yamama, where Moseilama, who set up also as a prophet as Mahomet's competitor, had a great party, and was not reduced till the kalifat of Abu Beer: and the Arabs being then united in one faith, and under one prince, found themselves in a condition of making those conquests which extended the Mahometan faith over so great a part of the world. That both Mahomet, and those among his followers who are reckoned orthodox, had and continued to have just and true notions of God and his attributes, appears so plain from the Koran itself, and all the Mahometan divines, that it would be loss of time to refute those who suppose the God of Mahomet to be different from the true God, and only a fictitious deity or Idol of his own creation