What does Idea mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Revelation, Idea of
The central question of religion is that of revelation. May God be known? Has he revealed himself? If he may, if he has, where? In the Christian faith this question is asked side by side with that of salvation: If this God may be known, how may I come to him? What may be known of him? translates into How may I come to know him—for myself? To put these questions alongside each other is to show how central is the question of the knowledge of God.
The Idea of Revelation . The claim of the Bible, from beginning to end, is that God has spoken. The repeated refrain, "And God said" tells how he called the universe into being and instructed his creatures to live. In Genesis 1 we read his mandate to the first humans, then in chapter 2 his specific instructions for life in Eden, and in chapter 3 his discovery of and response to the sinin all of which we read of this characteristic divine activity in speech . And the pattern established in the opening chapters of Scripture is repeated, with a dramatic range of variation, right through to the Book of Revelation. In law, prophets, and history we read the speech of God; the most common of all the Acts of God in history is the use of quotation marks. Small wonder that Christians have relished the apostle's use of the term "the oracles of God" for his Bible. Certainly, the prevalence of quoted divine speech, which peppers the canon, suggests a presumption in favor of speech as the category within which to understand God's communication with his creatures. That is why the Bible's own statements about the speaking God are in sharp focus when we address the question of the authority of "the books." For its religion is the religion of the speaking God, and a concern to maintain the continuity of contemporary Christianity with the religion of the biblical communities suggests a like understanding of God as the speaking God, and a like use of the texts that are held to record the divine speech. Such a reflection helps anchor our understanding and use of Scripture in the religious veneration and doctrinal authority of the Bible books in their original communities, which reaches its remarkable climax in the use made of the Old Testament Scriptures by Jesus himself, which set the pattern for the Christian understanding of both Old and New Testaments. And in the New Testament we witness a double focus, on Jesus as the incarnate Word of God, and as, himself, God who speaks and whose speaking is recorded at length. These factors together provide an anchor for the use of Scripture as a source for a doctrine of Scripture, in just the way in which Scripture is universally employed in the church as the source of every other doctrine. And they fill out a pattern of understanding of the God of biblical and Christian religion as a God who speaks.
Yet not only does he speak, he surely must . For how else would we know of God? Across the double barrier of our creatureliness and our sin, he has chosen to reveal himself and his saving purposes. To recognize Holy Scripture as the chief locus of that revelation is not to deny that there is also revelation elsewhere. Christians have customarily seen general revelation in creation and in conscience, distinguished from special, saving revelation in word (Holy Scripture), history (the "acts of God"), and the Person of Jesus Christ (incarnation). Much of the theological debate of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries has been taken up with the relative significance of these loci of revelation. Evangelicals have sought to maintain a balance, tied firmly to the teaching of Scripture itself. Most have accepted general revelation, while resisting the suggestion that it might provide an adequate ground for salvation. They have welcomed the fresh stress on the revelatory significance of the Acts of God recorded in Scripture, though recoiled from the suggestion that such a historical focus to revelation should somehow be accessed in any other way than through Holy Scripturein which the revelatory speech of God himself records and interprets these events. And they have professed themselves uncomprehending of the accusation that their high view of Holy Scripture somehow demeans or undermines the personal revelation of God himself in the incarnate Jesus Christnot least because that historical person is mediated to us in Holy Scripture and presented as one who himself believes in the revelatory character of the Old Testament Scriptures. It is in the fact of his teaching that we find the analogical connection between incarnation and inscripturationthe Word made flesh, and the word of Scripture. The whole of Scripture testifies to Jesus himself, in prospect, in record, and in retrospect.
Part of the reason why evangelicals have resisted moves to emphasize other loci of revelation at the expense of Scripture is a recognition of the role of Scripture as the control on our theological formulation, as the definitive source for our knowledge of God, as the record and interpreter of the biblical history, and as the depository of the teaching of the living Jesus Christ. The need for such a control is evident from a consideration of the logic of divine revelation. For since God is not part of the world that we directly experience, we are unable to study him in the manner in which we study other objects of human research. There are parallels between our study of God and the scientific study of his world, but there is also radical dissimilarity. As we have noted, this means that unless he reveals himself he remains hidden. In so far as he does reveal himself he becomes accessible to us, whether in the shadowy and outline form of general revelation"his eternal power and deity" ( Psalm 19 ; Romans 1 )or in the particularity and detail of the special revelation in history, in Scripture, in Jesus Christ. Yet by virtue of the same fact we can study him only under the impress of revelation; we do not have other data by which to assess or interpret that revelation. Of the sources of revelation we have discussed, it is Scripture that offers us the opportunity for sustained study of its subject; its author. And we should note this also. It has become fashionable to stress the Acts of God in history as over against his speech. That stress may be welcomed as redressing what has sometimes been an imbalance. Yet it has led to an imbalance of another kind, in which mute Acts are severed from their spoken interpretation. From such a perspective we must say that the Bible is not simply the record and interpretation of the Acts of God in history, but itselfcompiled as it was over more than a thousand years of historynot least among those mighty Acts in its faithful recording of that most frequent of all those Acts, the speech of God. And as the book which, supremely, testifies of Jesus and records his teachings, which was written under the impress of his Spirit, "who spoke by the prophets, " and which is today illumined by that same Spirit as it is read, preached, made the subject of theological formulationit serves most appropriately as the "supreme rule of faith and practice" of his own church.
Moreover, those who seek to claim the authority of Scripture in some lesser fashion undermine their own position. For every appeal to Holy Scripture as a source of theological authority entails the general authority of the whole; that this massive collection of texts is in fact one single, highly complex text, the work of the one Holy Spirit of God.
A Biblical Theology of the Speaking God . Divine speech plays a central role in Scripture, both in the texts themselves and in the history to which they witness. The sheer abundance of the speech of God in the canonical texts may actually help explain the lack of attention that has been paid to this very remarkable fact, which is surely the most evident of all phenomena in the canon. The variety of forms divine speech takes (from the writing on the wall in Balshazaar's palace to the familiar prophetic formula "Thus says the Lord" and the supernatural speech of Balaam's ass) should not obscure its common character. It offers a highly specific context to the general biblical claim to offer an account of a revealed religion.
Though Scripture itself testifies that there are other forms employed to accomplish the revelation of God, the direct divine speech is both chief among them and paradigm for them all. Two straightforward examples can be offered from the psalms. In the first part of Psalm 19 we learn that "The heavens declare the glory of God Day after day they pour forth speech . " And throughout Psalm 29 we read that the voice of the Lord is heard in the great events of nature. In both cases God's revelation in nature is presented as his speech. These are striking illustrations both of the ready Old Testament acceptance of general revelation and of the overarching significance of revelation by the divine speech. They suggest that we should be wary of setting nonverbal models of revelation over against revelation by word and statement, since there is no such antithesis. And they encourage us to examine Scripture for the wealth of evidence of God's speaking, where several kinds of divine speech become evident. The creative speech of Genesis 1 is immediately evident. It is in only the second verse of the Bible that we first read "And God said, " the phrase that initiates every stage of the creative process. Here is the first instance of revelation, as it is by speech that the Creator orders his time-space universe from the beginning of its creaturely existence; "Praise the Lord, for he has spoken, " as the hymn notes, and in response to these first statements by Creator to creation, "Worlds his mighty voice obeyed." If we pause to ask how we are to imagine the circumstances thus described, and conclude that they are beyond our understanding when conceived as speech, we nevertheless note that here, once again, the fundamental category of divine revelation is taken to be speecheven in address to the subpersonal creation. If in Psalm 19,29 speech is the paradigm of nonverbal witness in the created order, here it is the model of divine address to creation itself. And as in creation, so in sustaining providence, he upholds all things by his powerful word. Hard on the heels of these words uttered into an obedient and yet impersonal universe, in Genesis 1:28 we read the first words of revelation addressed to God's human creatures: "Be fruitful and increase in number." And then, as the cosmogony resolves into the narrower dimensions of Eden, we read that the Lord God commanded Adam concerning the trees of the gardenwhich to eat, and which not to eat (2:16-17). A chapter later, the next divine words"Where are you?" (3:9)represent the opening salvo in the sustained interchange that exposes sin and announces its penalty for Adam, Eve, the serpent, and the world. The pattern continues, with recorded exchanges between God and Cain, and then at much length the sustained conversation with Noah; and then with Abraham, and others in the patriarchal period. Then comes Moses. His lengthy interviews with God are followed by the giving of the law, the most sustained and formal example of the divine speech in Holy Scripture which offers usin the Ten Commandments, but also in the whole of the extensive Mosaic legislationthe paradigm of divine speech issuing in divine writingof, precisely, inscripturation. As with the law, so with the prophets: The form changes, but the extensive first-person accounts given as from the mouth of God serve as the chief content of the prophetic books. In the New Testament several different situations are found, but at their heart lie the four Gospels, whose major content is the teaching of Jesus. Since we are introduced to him as God incarnate, his teaching brings to a climax the biblical witness to the speaking God as the divine speech incarnated, God who "spoke by the prophets" speaking now by himself. Indeed, we could go further: Our understanding of the inspiration of Holy Scripture is signally illumined by the phenomenon of the speaking God taking flesh and, therefore, actual vocal cords. Here we find the key to the incarnational analogy of the Word made flesh and the word made Scripture. The twin foci of law and gospelin the giving of the Mosaic legislative corpus and in the human speech of the incarnate Jesus Christoffer dynamic illustrations and also controls of the method of inspiration and the character of revelation, as the very words of God are issued as the words also of writing and speaking human beings.
One question this raises is the relation between the text we possess (a text about which there are many, if generally minor, uncertainties, in the light of its long history) and that text to which our bibliological formulations apply. The conventional and reasonable response has been to focus on the "original" text, the autograph of the human author. This matter is more complex in the case of multiauthor or multiedition documents, whether deriving from one writer who made different use of his material (as may be the case with some of the prophets) or several writers whose work was collected (as with the psalms). The discussion is anchored in a concern to recover specifically canonical authority, and inevitably we must engage in complex historical and theoretical discussion about the process of canonical recognition. Here again our identification with the ancient believing communities in common canonical obedience is both a goal and a means of resolving our own uncertainties.
Needless to say, such observations do not absolve the theologian of the need to address the range of interpretive questions posed by any ancient texts, and therefore by the texts contained in the canon. On the contrary, they underline the need for such an address to be energetic since it is required in order that the text should properly be heard. But they help explain the centrality of the tradition of the Christian God as the speaking God, and that understanding of Holy Scripture as the deposit of his spoken revelation. And they underline the role of Holy Scripture, above all, in the theological formulation of the church, offering explicit and coherent resolution to the (still) widespread though haphazard use of Scripture to authorize theological proposals in many streams of contemporary theology. If it is the task of evangelical theology to understand God in accordance with his own nature, as he has revealed himselfjust as it was the duty of the ancient Hebrews to order their worship of God in accordance with his revelation through Mosesthen evangelical theology will be done "according to the Scriptures."
Nigel M. de S. Cameron
See also Bible, Inspiration of the
Bibliography . D. McDonald, Ideas of Revelation ; P. Helm, The Divine Revelation ; C. F. H. Henry, God, Revelation and Authority ; L. Morris, I Believe in Revelation ; B. B. Warfield, The Inspiration and Authority of the Bible .
Webster's Dictionary - Idea
(1):
(n.) A rational conception; the complete conception of an object when thought of in all its essential elements or constituents; the necessary metaphysical or constituent attributes and relations, when conceived in the abstract.
(2):
(n.) A belief, option, or doctrine; a characteristic or controlling principle; as, an essential idea; the idea of development.
(3):
(n.) Hence: Any object apprehended, conceived, or thought of, by the mind; a notion, conception, or thought; the real object that is conceived or thought of.
(4):
(n.) A general notion, or a conception formed by generalization.
(5):
(n.) The transcript, image, or picture of a visible object, that is formed by the mind; also, a similar image of any object whatever, whether sensible or spiritual.
(6):
(n.) A fiction object or picture created by the imagination; the same when proposed as a pattern to be copied, or a standard to be reached; one of the archetypes or patterns of created things, conceived by the Platonists to have excited objectively from eternity in the mind of the Deity.
(7):
(n.) A plan or purpose of action; intention; design.

Sentence search

Ideate - ) The actual existence supposed to correspond with an Idea; the correlate in real existence to the Idea as a thought or existence. ) To form in Idea; to fancy
Conception - ) Idea; purpose; design. ) The formation in the mind of an image, Idea, or notion, apprehension. ) The power or faculty of apprehending of forming an Idea in the mind; the power of recalling a past sensation or perception. ) The image, Idea, or notion of any action or thing which is formed in the mind; a concept; a notion; a universal; the product of a rational belief or judgment
Ideas - ) of Idea...
Idealess - ) Destitute of an Idea
Presensation - ) Previous sensation, notion, or Idea
Ideo - /, an Idea
Conceit - ) An overweening Idea of one's self; vanity. ) To form an Idea; to think. ) Faculty of conceiving Ideas; mental faculty; apprehension; as, a man of quick conceit. ) That which is conceived, imagined, or formed in the mind; Idea; thought; image; conception
Pictograph - ) A picture or hieroglyph representing and expressing an Idea
Mentally - ) In the mind; in thought or meditation; intellectually; in Idea
Miscomprehend - ) To get a wrong Idea of or about; to misunderstand
Cogitable - ) Capable of being brought before the mind as a thought or Idea; conceivable; thinkable
Autohypnotism - ) Hypnotism of one's self by concentration of the attention on some object or Idea
Idolon - ) Appearance or image; a phantasm; a spectral image; also, a mental image or Idea
Expressional - ) Of, or relating to, expression; phraseological; also, vividly representing or suggesting an Idea or sentiment
Objectively - ) In the manner or state of an object; as, a determinate Idea objectively in the mind
Preconceive - ) To conceive, or form an opinion of, beforehand; to form a previous notion or Idea of
Unmoral - ) Having no moral perception, quality, or relation; involving no Idea of morality; - distinguished from both moral and immoral
Pelf - ) Money; riches; lucre; gain; - generally conveying the Idea of something ill-gotten or worthless
Added - Joined in place, in sum, in mass or aggregate, in number, in Idea or consideration united put together
Circumlocution - ) The use of many words to express an Idea that might be expressed by few; indirect or roundabout language; a periphrase
Magnus, Olaus - One of the most distinguished geographers of the Renaissance, first propounded the Idea of a northwest passage
Olaus Magnus - One of the most distinguished geographers of the Renaissance, first propounded the Idea of a northwest passage
Conceive - To form an Idea in the mind to understand to comprehend. To think to be of opinion to have an Idea to imagine. To think to have a conception or Idea. To understand to comprehend to have a complete Idea of as, I cannot conceive by what means this event has been produced
Mithredath - (See Ezra 4:7) His name seems to be derived from Thur, law, and is meant to convey an Idea of one studying the law
Limmering - ) A faint view or Idea; a glimpse; an inkling
Imagine - To form a notion or Idea in the mind to fancy. To form Ideas or representations in the mind, by modifying and combining our conceptions. How long will ye imagine mischief against a man? Psalms 62 ...
IMAG'INE, To conceive to have a notion or Idea
Unloose - An formed word, as it expresses the same Idea as loose
Understanding - The faculty of perceiving things distinctly; or that power of the mind by which we arrive at a proper Idea or judgment of things
Pleonasm - ) Redundancy of language in speaking or writing; the use of more words than are necessary to express the Idea; as, I saw it with my own eyes
Ideographical - ) Of or pertaining to an ideogram; representing Ideas by symbols, independently of sounds; as, 9 represents not the word "nine," but the Idea of the number itself
Crucifix - A cross, upon which the body of Christ is fastened in effigy, used by the Roman Catholics, to excite in their minds a strong Idea of our Saviour's passion
Fetishism - ) Excessive devotion to one object or one Idea; abject superstition; blind adoration
Eternity - ...
By repeating the Idea of any length of duration, with the endless addition of number, we come by the Idea of eternity
Remembrance - The retaining or having in mind an Idea which had been present before, or an Idea which had been previously received from an object when present, and which recurs to the mind afterwards without the presence of its object. Technically, remembrance differs from reminiscence and recollection, as the former implies that an Idea occurs to the mind spontaneously, or without much mental exertion. The latter imply the power or the act of recalling Ideas which do not spontaneously recur to the mind. ...
Remembrance is when the same Idea recurs, without the operation of the like object on the external sensory
Reword - ) To alter the wording of; to restate in other words; as, to reword an Idea or a passage
Complex - ) Composed of two or more parts; composite; not simple; as, a complex being; a complex Idea
Hendiadys - ) A figure in which the Idea is expressed by two nouns connected by and, instead of by a noun and limiting adjective; as, we drink from cups and gold, for golden cups
Zeal - We can have no lively Idea of this word, but as it is made use of by the Lord Jesus Christ. " (Psalms 69:9) And when we behold in confirmation of it, such a miracle as scourging from the temple the multitude of those who performed it—a miracle, properly considered, almost as great as any Christ performed on earth; such a view of Jesus may, but nothing else can, give a lively Idea of zeal! (John 2:13-17)...
Emblem - ) A visible sign of an Idea; an object, or the figure of an object, symbolizing and suggesting another object, or an Idea, by natural aptness or by association; a figurative representation; a typical designation; a symbol; as, a balance is an emblem of justice; a scepter, the emblem of sovereignty or power; a circle, the emblem of eternity
Americanism - ) A custom peculiar to the United States or to America; an American characteristic or Idea
Periphrase - ) The use of more words than are necessary to express the Idea; a roundabout, or indirect, way of speaking; circumlocution
Power - Dominion carries with it an Idea of empire
Elative - ) Raised; lifted up; - a term applied to what is also called the absolute superlative, denoting a high or intense degree of a quality, but not excluding the Idea that an equal degree may exist in other cases
Weltanschauung - , world view; a conception of the course of events in, and of the purpose of, the world as a whole, forming a philosophical view or apprehension of the universe; the general Idea embodied in a cosmology
Personification - ) A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstract Idea is represented as animated, or endowed with personality; prosopop/ia; as, the floods clap their hands
Sense - The Idea continues when the motive no longer exists; receives strength from authority, imitation, &c. There can be no Idea without an object, and instinct is inseparable from the Idea of the object
Cubit - The Hebrews, by a very singular Idea, called it Ammah; that is, mother: as if other measures were produced by this
Augmentative - ) A word which expresses with augmented force the Idea or the properties of the term from which it is derived; as, dullard, one very dull
Pluralism - The Idea that reality consists of different kinds of things
Ideogram - ) An original, pictorial element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph expressing no sound, but only an Idea
Anadiplosis - ) A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct Idea; as, "He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes - misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent
Colonialism - ) A custom, Idea, feature of government, or the like, characteristic of a colony
Head of the Church - Headship includes the Idea of Christ's authority (Ephesians 1:22 ; Ephesians 5:23 ) and of the submission required of the church (Ephesians 5:24 ). In Colossians 1:18 , the Idea of Christ as head is again complex, including not only the Idea of head as authority but of head as source (Colossians 1:15-20 )
Trespass Offering - The Idea of sin as a "debt" pervades this legislation
Presumptuous - ) Founded on presumption; as, a presumptuous Idea
Whatsoever - Frequently by the addition of the particle an, or the conjunction ean, "if," the phrase has the more general Idea of "whatsoever," e
Holy One of Israel - The Idea of God’s holiness is, of course, much older than Isaiah, but to him, as to no one before, it was the central and most essential attribute of God, far more so than His power or majesty. We can trace this Idea from the very moment of his call in the Temple. ’ From henceforth he thought of God most often as a pure, unique, spiritual Being removed from all the imperfections of earth an Idea found also in some of the Psalms ( e
Joseph Lister - British surgeon who promoted the Idea of sterile surgery
Lister, Joseph - British surgeon who promoted the Idea of sterile surgery
Regeneration - ,repair of living tissue; with the metaphorical notion of efforescence; with the non-Christian Idea of aspiration to new life, or release through metempsychosis; with the Pietistic Idea of experience of conversion and of moral righteousness; with the old Protestant notion of Divine dissulation upon our sinfulness; with the Ritschlian notion of reconciliation following forgiveness
Remember - To have in the mind an Idea which had been in the mind before, and which recurs to the mind without effort. We are said to remember any thing, when the Idea of it arises in the mind with the consciousness that we have had this Idea before. When we use effort to recall an Idea, we are said to recollect it
Dives - The Idea that this was the name of the man emerged in medieval times
Pre-Existence - Also, all groups that teach reincarnation affirm the Idea of pre-existence
Tautology - ) A repetition of the same meaning in different words; needless repetition of an Idea in different words or phrases; a representation of anything as the cause, condition, or consequence of itself, as in the following lines: - //The dawn is overcast, the morning lowers,/And heavily in clouds brings on the day
Catharsis - ) The process of relieving an abnormal excitement by reestablishing the association of the emotion with the memory or Idea of the event that first caused it, and of eliminating it by complete expression (called the abreaction)
Expiation - ...
The Idea of vicarious expiation runs through the whole Old Testament system of sacrifices
Singleness - 1: ἀφελότης (Strong's #858 — Noun Feminine — aphelotes — af-el-ot'-ace ) denotes "simplicity," Acts 2:46 , "singleness," for which Moulton and Milligan, from papyri examples, suggest "unworldly simplicity;" the Idea here is that of an unalloyed benevolence expressed in act
Astraea - This Idea constitutes the Gastraea theory of Haeckel
Feelings Religious - While some enthusiasts boast of, depend on, and talk much of their feelings, there are others who are led to discard the term, and almost to abandon the Idea of religious feeling; but it is evident, that however many have been misguided and deceived by their feelings, yet there is no such thing as religion without this. For instance; religion consists in contrition, repentance, and devotion: now, what is contrition but a feeling of sorrow for sin? what is devotion but a feeling of love to God and his ways? Who can separate the Idea of feeling from any of these acts? The fact is this; religious feelings, like every thing else, have run into the opposite evil of lukewarmness, and been content with a system without feeling its energy
Affect - ) The emotional complex associated with an Idea or mental state. In hysteria, the affect is sometimes entirely dissociated, sometimes transferred to another than the original Idea
Regeneration - Intimately connected with regeneration is the Idea of 'washing,' referring probably to a cleansing, or separation from old associations, which is essential to the Idea of regeneration
Lasciviousness - ’ The Idea of the Gr
Intemperance - This is the general Idea of it; but we may observe, that whatever indulgence undermines the health, impairs the senses, inflames the passions, clouds and sullies the reason, perverts the judgment, enslaves the will or in any way disorders or debilitates the faculties, may be ranked under this vice
Reality - ) That which is real; an actual existence; that which is not imagination, fiction, or pretense; that which has objective existence, and is not merely an Idea
Trope - ) The use of a word or expression in a different sense from that which properly belongs to it; the use of a word or expression as changed from the original signification to another, for the sake of giving life or emphasis to an Idea; a figure of speech
Vague - ) Unsettled; unfixed; undetermined; indefinite; ambiguous; as, a vague Idea; a vague proposition
Idolatry - IDOL, IDOLATRY...
These things have been generally confined to the Idea of the worshipping of creatures or images, but, in fact, may be properly applied to every thing which men set up in their hearts to regard, and which tend to the lessening their reverence for the Lord
Keynote - ) The fundamental fact or Idea; that which gives the key; as, the keynote of a policy or a sermon
Limpse - ) A faint Idea; an inkling
Pre-Existence of Souls - ’...
Wordsworth, Intimations of Immortality...
The Idea expressed in these lines has been prominent in many religions cultured and crude alike. The Idea can be more easily read into, than gathered out of, such passages as Job 1:21 (cf. The objection that such an Idea would be unfamiliar to the disciples is weakened by considerations as to the advanced thought of the Fourth Gospel; moreover, the Book of Wisdom (see above) is clearly re-echoed in NT. Some think that the question rose from Jewish Ideas as to pre-natal consciousness
Irish College, Rome - The Idea of foundation, originating with Pope Gregory XIII, was revived, 1625, by the Irish bishops in an address to Pope Urban VIII
Sceptre - As a symbol of authority, the use of the sceptre originated in the Idea that the ruler was as a shepherd of his people (Genesis 49:10 ; Numbers 24:17 ; Psalm 45:6 ; Isaiah 14:5 )
Suborn - The Idea of making suggestions is probably present in this use of the word
Anthropic Principle - The Idea that the universe exhibits elements of design specifically for the purpose of containing intelligent beings; namely, humans
Methusaleh - His name carries somewhat of an Idea respecting it; one who demands his death, from Shelah, to demand; and Muth, death
Gareb - (See Jeremiah 31:39) If this hill was, as it is said to have been, three miles distant from Jerusalem, it serves to give a beautiful Idea of the future extensiveness of the holy city
Poetry - " Various kinds of this parallelism have been pointed out: ...
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Synonymous or cognate parallelism, where the same Idea is repeated in the same words (Psalm 93:3 ; 94:1 ; Isaiah 9:8-108 ), or in different words (Psalm 222328114,23,28,114 , etc. ); or where it is expressed in a positive form in the one clause and in a negative in the other (Psalm 40:12 ; Proverbs 6:26 ); or where the same Idea is expressed in three successive clauses (Psalm 40:15,16 ); or in a double parallelism, the first and second clauses corresponding to the third and fourth (Isaiah 9:1 ; 61:10,11 ). ...
...
Antithetic parallelism, where the Idea of the second clause is the converse of that of the first (Psalm 20:8 ; 27:6,7 ; 34:11 ; 37:9,17,21,22 ). ) ...
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Synthetic or constructive or compound parallelism, where each clause or sentence contains some accessory Idea enforcing the main Idea (Psalm 19:7-10 ; 85:12 ; Job 3:3-9 ; Isaiah 1:5-9 )
Amazement - Hence an Idea is conveyed of more than simple wonder; the mind is lost in wonder
Idea - ) A belief, option, or doctrine; a characteristic or controlling principle; as, an essential Idea; the Idea of development
Firmament - The Idea of firmness in the sky is due to the Hebrew word which stresses the notions of solidity and expanse
Tabering, - " The Authorized Version reproduces the original Idea
Armageddon - The Idea of such a scene was suggested by the Old Testament great battle-field, the plain of Esdraelon (q
Fatalism - The Idea that all things are predetermined to occur and that there is no ability of the person to alter the predetermined plan of God in any event
Raca - a Syriac word which properly signifies empty, vain, beggarly, foolish, and which includes in it a strong Idea of contempt
Raca - " The word includes a strong Idea of contempt
Poll - The Idea in the Hebrew word is ‘roundness,’ and so to ‘poll’ the head is to give it the appearance of roundness by cutting off the hair
Calf - 1: μόσχος (Strong's #3448 — Noun Masculine — moschos — mos'-khos ) primarily denotes "anything young," whether plants or the offspring of men or animals, the Idea being that which is tender and delicate; hence "a calf, young bull, heifer," Luke 15:23,27,30 ; Hebrews 9:12,19 ; Revelation 4:7
Saviour - Salvation from all kinds of danger and evil, bodily, spiritual, temporal, and eternal (Matthew 1:21; Ephesians 5:23; Philippians 3:20-21), including also the Idea restorer and preserver, giver of positive life and blessedness, as well as saviour from evil (Isaiah 26:1; 2 Samuel 8:6; Isaiah 60:18; Isaiah 61:10; Psalms 118:25), deliverer, as the judges were saviours (margin Judges 3:9; Judges 3:15; Nehemiah 9:27; Jeroboam II, 2 Kings 13:5; Obadiah 1:21). ) Isaiah, Joshua or Jeshua, Jesus, Hoshea, Hosea, are various forms of the is associated with the Idea, and the term Redeemer (goel ) implies how God can be just and at the same time a saviour of mall (Isaiah 43:3; Isaiah 43:11; Isaiah 45:15; Isaiah 45:21-24; Isaiah 45:25; Isaiah 41:14; Isaiah 49:26; Isaiah 9:16-17; Zechariah 9:9; Hosea 1:7). The temporal saviour is the predominant Idea in the Old Testament; the spiritual and eternal saviour of the whole man in the New Testament Israel' s saviour, national and spiritual, finally (Isaiah 62:11; Romans 11:25-26)
Ideal - ) Existing in Idea or thought; conceptional; intellectual; mental; as, Ideal knowledge. ) Teaching the doctrine of Idealism; as, the Ideal theory or philosophy. ) Reaching an imaginary standard of excellence; fit for a model; faultless; as, Ideal beauty
Abaddon - " We may regard this word as a personification of the Idea of destruction, or as sheol, the realm of the dead
Jeshurun - ("the righteous (from yaashaar ) people"): Israel's Ideal character; his high calling (Deuteronomy 32:15; Deuteronomy 33:5; Deuteronomy 33:26; Isaiah 44:2; compare Numbers 23:21). ) The Idea of blessedness and prosperity enters into the word; the Arabic and the Hebrew: ashar , "happy," being related to yaashaar
Hymenaeus - These false teachers ‘made shipwreck concerning the faith’; their heresy consisted in denying the bodily resurrection, saying that the resurrection was already past apparently an early form of Gnosticism which, starting with the Idea of matter being evil, made the body an unessential part of our nature, to be discarded as soon as possible. Ramsay suggests that it is a Christian adaptation of a pagan Idea, when a person wronged by another, but unable to retaliate, consigned the offender to the gods and left punishment to be inflicted by Divine power
Word - ) The spoken sign of a conception or an Idea; an articulate or vocal sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by the human voice, and by custom expressing an Idea or Ideas; a single component part of human speech or language; a constituent part of a sentence; a term; a vocable
Transmigration - —The Idea of the pre-existence of the human soul seems to be assumed in the question which the disciples put to Jesus with reference to the man born blind (John 9:2). the Idea that when the soul leaves the body at death it passes into another body, was held widely among the Egyptians, the Hindus, and the Greeks. The ethical Idea associated with this form of metempsychosis is in the belief that the kind of body taken by the soul depends on its realizing or failing to realize ethical Ideals. The Idea of transmigration is more natural in this passage, but even here it is not clearly set forth. At most, it can be only an Idea entertained by the common people. The affinity of this belief with the Platonic teaching regarding the nature and origin of the soul suggests that the Platonic Idea of transmigration, as its inevitable logical corollary, was held also by the Essenes. ...
In general, there was nothing in the nature of Jewish thought to prevent the adoption of the Idea of transmigration as soon as the distinction between soul and body supplanted the older Idea of the unitary character of the human being. The doctrine of pre-existence (of the Messiah, of the Torah, of the Tabernacle) would easily lend itself as a basis for the Idea of the pre-existence in some form or other of human souls. Finally, the Idea of resurrection from the dead furnished an analogue to reincarnation. On the Idea of transmigration in the NT, Pryse, Reincarnation in the NT, N
Earthquake - 1: σεισμός (Strong's #4578 — Noun Masculine — seismos — sice-mos' ) "a shaking, a shock," from seio, "to move to and fro, to shake," chiefly with the Idea of concussion (Eng
Baptism of the Dead - The practice seems to be grounded on a vain Idea, that, when men had neglected to receive baptism in their life-time, some compensation might be made for this default by receiving it after death
Spirituality of God - It expresses an Idea (says Dr
College - ’ The Idea of a ‘college’ came from the Targ
Thought - ) That which is thought; an Idea; a mental conception, whether an opinion, judgment, fancy, purpose, or intention
Wax - Thus the LXX throughout, κηρος , and vulgate cera; so there is no room to doubt but this is the true meaning of the word: and the Idea of the root appears to be soft, melting, yielding, or the like, which properties are not only well known to belong to wax, but are also intimated in all the passages of Scripture in which this word occurs
Reward - A ‘reward’ is a thing that carries with it the Idea of gain, profit, or remuneration. The Same Idea is expressed in Ep. The foregoing investigation has been concerned with the words usually employed by the apostolic writers to express the Idea of requital in general and of reward in particular. The general Idea of requital does not come up here for discussion. It may suffice to say that the Idea of judgment, with the view that a man’s works, the general moral tenor of his life, is the standard by which he will be judged, is the consistent doctrine of Scripture throughout. The more immediate question is the place which the Idea of reward holds in the apostolic teaching-the conception of the Christian life as a service rendered for which payment will be received. Without raising the question whether ‘virtue for virtue’s own sake,’ in total abstraction from all thoughts of consequences of any kind, is a thing really conceivable by any human intelligence, it may be asserted that the Idea of reward as employed by Christ requires neither extenuation nor apology. The relation of the members of that Kingdom to God is one of service, a service involving the corresponding Idea of reward. This Idea of service is in no way incompatible with that of sonship; a son as well as a subject must serve. ...
In fact, the Idea of reward is entirely legitimate and appropriate when we remember in what the reward consists. It might be thought, for example, that the Johannine conception of salvation as eternal life, a life developing by its own inner necessity, would exclude the Idea of reward. But in the Johannine writings, along with the Idea of life, we have that of keeping Christ’s commandments. From this point of view the Idea of service appears, and with it the presence of an impulse, which is provided by the promised reward what is the reward? Simply closer union with Christ. ’...
None of the various Greek words for ‘reward’ occurs in 1 Peter, but the general Idea of the consummation of all things as a ‘reward’ to faith holds here, as it does in the teaching of Jesus; cf. It is a life, it is sonship, it is membership in a kingdom, it is service; and with the last there goes, indissolubly, the Idea of reward-a reward consisting in fuller life and opportunity for more faithful and loving service, with the Divine approbation and benediction. In 1 Corinthians 9:17-18 the Apostle comes more closely to the general NT Idea of the μισθός. It is in no way inconsistent with this that he regards those who have believed through him as his ‘crown’ (1 Thessalonians 2:19, Philippians 4:1), and that, sharing the Idea of St. And even in the case of Jesus Himself, the Idea of reward is not alien; ‘Who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross’ (Hebrews 12:3). ...
The Idea of reward accompanies, almost of necessity, belief in a personal God
Brimstone - It is used to express the Idea of excruciating torment in Revelation 14:10 ; 19:20 ; 20:10
Raven - oreb and the Arabic ghurab are from roots meaning "to be black;" the Arabic root also has the Idea of leaving home
Pun - ) To make puns, or a pun; to use a word in a double sense, especially when the contrast of Ideas is ludicrous; to play upon words; to quibble. ) A play on words which have the same sound but different meanings; an expression in which two different applications of a word present an odd or ludicrous Idea; a kind of quibble or equivocation
Fugitive - ) Not fixed; not durable; liable to disappear or fall away; volatile; uncertain; evanescent; liable to fade; - applied to material and immaterial things; as, fugitive colors; a fugitive Idea
Redemption - The Greek word so rendered is Apolutrosis , A word occurring nine times in Scripture, and always with the Idea of a ransom or price paid, i. There are many passages in the New Testament which represent Christ's sufferings under the Idea of a ransom or price, and the result thereby secured is a purchase or redemption (Compare Acts 20:28 ; 1 Corinthians 6:19,20 ; Galatians 3:13 ; 4:4,5 ; Ephesians 1:7 ; Colossians 1:14 ; 1 Timothy 2:5,6 ; Titus 2:14 ; Hebrews 9:12 ; 1 Peter 1:18,19 ; Revelation 5:9 ). The Idea running through all these texts, however various their reference, is that of payment made for our redemption
Merit - —The Idea of merit in general is one which attaches to human conduct on the presupposition of the existence, in the first place, of a moral law; in the second place, of free-will in man, enabling him to obey it; and, in the third place, of some system of rewards and punishments, by which the worth of obedience to the Law is recognized, and equally the unworth of disobedience is demonstrated. The theological use, however, of the conception, and still more of the term (‘merit,’ meritum), involves further specifications, which follow, on the one hand, from the connexion of the Idea with other theological Ideas, e. Here we have two special cases of the use of the conception to consider: (1) its use in the Gospels; (2) the use not only of the Idea, but also of the theological term ‘merit’ in reference to the work of Christ. The Idea of merit in the Gospels. ):—...
‘When Christianity entered into the world and found its first expression in the dominant Jewish circles, as well as among the spokesmen of the Idealistic Hellenic popular culture, the thought of a Divine repayment deciding according to legal standards, and therefore of a merit or demerit of men according to which their fate was to be settled, was a self-evident axiom. ...
The Idea of merit, however, does not end with the performance of the Law: it also attaches to ‘good works,’ i. Finally, the Idea of merit is brought specially into connexion with the question of ultimate salvation. ’ We have the general Idea of work and reward in Matthew 6:1-4; Matthew 6:6; Matthew 6:16; Matthew 6:18; Matthew 10:41-42; Matthew 20:1-7; Matthew 24:45-51; Matthew 25:14-28, Mark 9:41, Luke 6:35; Luke 10:7, John 4:36. ...
The limitations set to the Idea of merit in the teaching of Jesus, as compared with its use in the theology of the Pharisees, are, however, very striking. While with the Pharisees the Idea of God as Lawgiver and Judge is dominant, with Jesus this Idea is subordinated to the conception of God as Father. The Idea of reward itself, in fact, is connected with that of God’s Fatherhood (Matthew 6:1; Matthew 6:4; Matthew 6:6; Matthew 6:18). Matthew 24:45-51; Matthew 25:14-30, Luke 17:9), this excludes the Idea of legal merit. 196):—...
‘This remarkable parable annuls the Idea of reward in applying it, completely destroys the relation of merit and right, of performance and reward in general. ...
(c) Another criticism which Jesus passes on the legal Idea of merit is that it is too external. It must be ethical rather than legal; must connect itself with the conception of God’s Fatherhood, and with the Idea of His free grace, rather than with that of His strict retribution according to law; and must have regard not to external actions only, but to the inward motive. As regards the individual actions of God’s children, the Idea of merit is not to be connected with them apart from the general context of filial conduct in which they stand; nor is the Idea of reward to be connected with particular Divine gifts apart from the gift of the Kingdom. We have first the Idea of Christ’s death as an act of obedience to God (Romans 5:19, Philippians 2:8, Hebrews 10:5-10). Further approximation to the Idea of a merit of Christ is contained in the references to the worth of His death in procuring the salvation of men. In the Idea of sacrifice once more we have both the Idea of the worth to God of Christ’s death as self-surrender, and of its worth for men in procuring salvation (Ephesians 5:2, Hebrews 10:5-10). [3]. the similar Idea in Isaiah 53:11, where the righteous Servant justifies many through his knowledge, and thus sees of the travail of his soul and is satisfied). the Pauline Idea of baptism into Christ’s death and resurrection as involving a death to sin and new life unto God, Romans 6:1-11). But now it appears that the whole conception of the reward of Christ by God is subordinate to the Idea of the immanence of God in His work. There is the same stress on the inner motive of obedience, the same domination of the whole subject by the Idea of God’s Fatherhood; while the exaltation of Christ is the analogue of the gift to His people of the Kingdom, in which they share His Lordship (Luke 22:29, 2 Timothy 2:12)
Facets - The basic Idea of the Hebrew ayin , as reflected in most English versions, is eye. The translation “springs” fits well with the Idea of the removal of iniquity (Genesis 3:9 )
Plastic Nature - An absurd doctrine, which some have thus described, "It is an incorporeal created substance endued with a vegetative life, but not with sensation or thought; penetrating the whole created universe, being co-extended with it; and, under God, moving matter, so as to produce the phaenomena which cannot be solved by mechanical laws: active for ends unknown to itself, not being expressly conscious of its actions, and yet having an obscure Idea of the action to be entered upon. " To this it has been answered, that, as the Idea itself is most obscure, and, indeed, inconsistent, so the foundation of it is evidently weak
Imagination - Is a power or faculty of the mind, whereby it conceives and forms Ideas of things communicated to it by the outward organs of sense; or it is the power of recollecting, and assembling images, and of painting forcibly those images on our minds, or on the minds of others. The cause of the pleasures of the imagination in whatever is great, uncommon, or beautiful, is this; that God has annexed a secret pleasure to the Idea of any thing that is new or rare, that he might encourage and stimulate us in the eager and keen pursuits after knowledge, and inflame our best passions to search into the wonders of creation and revelation; for every new Idea brings such a pleasure along with it, as rewards any pains we have taken in its acquisition, and consequently serves as a striking and powerful motive to put us upon fresh discoveries in learning and science, as well as in the word and works of God
Prayer: Sweet Uses of - On the first of May in the olden times, according to annual custom, many inhabitants of London went into the fields to bathe their faces with the early dew upon the grass under the Idea that it would render them beautiful
Gallows - The word is ets, frequently translated 'tree' and 'wood,' and gives no Idea of the form of the gallows
Rendering - ) In art, the presentation, expression, or interpretation of an Idea, theme, or part
Modus - ) A qualification involving the Idea of variation or departure from some general rule or form, in the way of either restriction or enlargement, according to the circumstances of the case, as in the will of a donor, an agreement between parties, and the like
Burnt Offering - The meaning of the whole burnt offering was that which is the original Idea of all sacrifice, the offering by the sacrificer of himself, soul and body, to God--the submission of his will to the will of the Lord
Mame, Alfred Henri Amand - Entering his uncle Amand Mame's publishing firm at Tours, he conceived and carried out for the first time the Idea of grouping together all the industries connected with the making and distribution of books
Perception - ) An Idea; a notion
Alfred Mame - Entering his uncle Amand Mame's publishing firm at Tours, he conceived and carried out for the first time the Idea of grouping together all the industries connected with the making and distribution of books
Confirmation - (There is no Idea of any ceremonial, like what is now called 'Confirmation
Lust - But, in tacit acknowledgment of the depravity of man's passions, general usage soon attached the Idea of guilt to the word; and now it usually denotes carnal, lascivious desire
Prevent - Idea of merely ‘hindering’ never occurs in AV Arch of Titus - From these we obtain our best Idea of their shape
Abel - However, the emphasis on “faith” in Hebrews and the Idea of a “proper offering” in the Septuagint translation of Genesis 4:7 suggest that Abel's offering was made with a correct attitude and in the proper manner. Abel's blood calls for vengeance, but Christ's blood carries with it the Idea of forgiveness ( Matthew 23:35 ; Luke 11:51 ; 1 John 1:7 )
Conception - In pneumatology, apprehension of nay thing by the mind the act of conceiving in the mind that mental act or combination of acts by which an Idea or notion is formed of an absent object of perception, or of a sensation formerly felt. When we see an object with our eyes open, we have a perception of it when the same object is presented to the mind with the eyes shut, in Idea only or in memory, we have a conception of it. Conception may be sometimes used for the power of conceiving Ideas, as when we say, a thing is not within our conception
Perdition - Perdition, as used in the New Testament, does not convey the Idea of simple extinction or annihilation. Just as surely as salvation expresses the Idea of eternal life, so perdition designates a hopeless eternity of destruction
People of God - ...
The faith of Israel became more concrete when the remnant Idea was developed from corporate salvation out of the divine wrath and judgment. Truly, the church carries the Ideas from the Old Testament that the remnant in the figure of the Servant is the witness of universal salvation and the agent of a final revelation. The Idea of God's people in the Old Testament culminates in the person of the Servant who is the Idea of the remnant personified as an individual. The servant Idea is determinative for an understanding of the priesthood of the whole church
Rest - The basis of the Idea is the Divine rest, the rest on which God entered at the completion of His work of creation. This Idea of rest as freedom for further work finds expression in Revelation 14:13 : ‘Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours (κόπων); for their works (ἔργα) follow with them. The rest to which God, as quoted by the Psalmist, refers is the Divine rest, after creation, of which Genesis 2:2 speaks: καὶ κατἐπαυσε τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἑβδόμῃ ἀπὸ πάντων τῶν ἔργων αὐτοῦ ὦν ἐπλίνσε, a passage which links the Idea of Divine rest indissolubly with the Sabbath. Neither then nor at the entry into Canaan under Joshua was the Divine Idea of rest realized. The Psalmist, in fact, implies that the Divine Idea still remains unrealized, it still awaits fulfilment; and the author of Hebrews, taking the Psalmist’s word as the last utterance of the OT on the subject of rest, applies it with confidence to his hearers of the NT epoch. That the Idea of rest here has an eschatological reference is seen from the following words: ἐν τῇ ἀποκαλύψει τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ ἀπʼ οὐρανοῦ μετʼ ἀγγέλων δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ
Bittern - This favours the Idea that not the "porcupine" but the "bittern" is really intended by the word
Nehushtan - " The lapse of nearly one thousand years had invested the "brazen serpent" with a mysterious sanctity; and in order to deliver the people from their infatuation, and impress them with the Idea of its worthlessness, Hezekiah called it, in contempt, "Nehushtan," a brazen thing, a mere piece of brass (2 Kings 18:4 )
Self-Examination: Its Right Offices - A highlander who purchased a barometer under a mistaken Idea of its purpose, complained that he could not see that it had made any improvement in the weather; and those who use signs and evidences for an intent which they will never answer, will be sure to complain that their faith is not increased, though they are always practising self-examination
Mandrakes - Many strange superstitions are connected with this plant, and the Idea of Rachel's time still prevails that conception is ensured by eating the fruit of this plant
Hours, Scriptural - In both Greek and Roman times the Idea of an hour as the twenty-fourth part of a day, appears occasionally in scientific works but never in popular literature, or common life
Bellows - The Idea of a bellows is alluded to elsewhere in the Bible (See Job 20:26 ; Job 41:21 ; Isaiah 54:16 ; Ezekiel 22:20-21 )
Eliminate - ) To obtain by separating, as from foreign matters; to deduce; as, to eliminate an Idea or a conclusion
Daughter-in-Law - Although the word applies to married women in general, its associated Idea is that of youth
Apprehension - ) Opinion; conception; sentiment; Idea. ) The faculty by which Ideas are conceived; understanding; as, a man of dull apprehension
Conceive - ) To have a conception, Idea, or opinion; think; - with of
Antichrist - In general, any person, Idea, or organization opposed to Christ and His Church; in particular, a signal enemy of Christ who is to appear before the Last Judgment and seduce many before his destruction by Christ
Admiration - Surprise refers to something unexpected; wonder, to something great or strange; but admiration includes the Idea of high esteem or respect
Welcome - ) To salute with kindness, as a newcomer; to receive and entertain hospitably and cheerfully; as, to welcome a visitor; to welcome a new Idea
Adonai - It carries with it the Idea of a stay, or helper, security, confidence
Scriptural Hours - In both Greek and Roman times the Idea of an hour as the twenty-fourth part of a day, appears occasionally in scientific works but never in popular literature, or common life
Keys, Power of - " Thisphrase involves the doctrines of Absolution and Excommunication;the Idea of opening and shutting, admission and rejection, and theadministration of the Sacraments
New Commandment - At the same time there are elements in the Johannine Idea which differentiate it from the apparent parallels in the Synoptics. The effect of His ‘fulfilment’ is indeed to replace the ancient Law by a new one, but in this Christian law the Idea of commandment is altogether transcended. The Fourth Gospel reverts to the Idea of ‘commandment’—of a moral law enforced from without. Here more signally than elsewhere the Fourth Evangelist betrays the influence of the later Church-idea which had narrowed the original intention of the teaching of Christ. This Idea is certainly present in the Gospel, and in the Epistle it comes to definite expression. This, however, does not seem to be the Idea involved in the ‘new commandment. ’ This passage, however, is a kind of poetical expansion of the Idea of a ‘new commandment,’ and cannot be construed as an exegesis. The true originality of the moral demand of Jesus consisted in its breaking away from the Idea of outward requirement. The development of the Church as an institution was accompanied by a certain externalizing of moral and religious Ideas, while at the same time the influence of the OT favoured the relapse into a modified legalism. The true character of the ‘commandment’ is still safeguarded by the profound religious spirit of the Gospel, but the Idea of outward ordinance has begun to re-establish itself
Kin, Kindred, Kinship - The unity of family or clan is viewed as a physical unity; for the blood is the life,—an Idea familiar to us from the OT,—and it is the same blood, and therefore the same life, that is shared by every descendant of the common ancestor. The Idea that the race has a life of its own, of which individual lives are only parts, is expressed even more clearly by picturing the race as a tree, of which the ancestor is the root or stem and the descendants the branches’ (W. ‘Already, in the spiritual religion of the Hebrews, the Idea of Divine fatherhood is entirely dissociated from the basis of natural fatherhood
Image - The two words ‘image’ ( tselem ) and ‘likeness’ ( demûth ) combine, without distinction of sense, to emphasize the Idea of resemblance to God. This is shown by the fact that in Genesis 1:27 the word ‘image’ alone is employed to express the total Idea, and in Genesis 5:1 the word ‘likeness. The usage in Genesis is indeed peculiar to the so-called ‘Priestly’ writer; but the Idea underlies the view of man in the Jahwistic sections as well, for only as made in God’s image is man capable of knowledge of God, fellowship with Him, covenant relation to Him, and character conformable to God’s own. Man, as a spiritual nature, is self-conscious, personal, rational, free, capable of rising to the apprehension of general truths and laws, of setting ends of conduct before him, of apprehending right and wrong, good and evil, of framing Ideas of God, infinity, eternity, immortality, and of shaping his life in the light of such conceptions. The germ of sonship lies in the Idea of the image. To this must be added, in the light of such passages as Ephesians 4:24 and Colossians 3:10 , the Idea of actual moral conformity of actual knowledge, righteousness, and holiness as pertaining to the perfection of the image. The Idea of Christ , the Son, as ‘the image ( eikôn ) of the invisible God’ ( Colossians 1:15 ; cf
Garrison - This word has also been explained to denote a pillar set up to mark the Philistine conquest, or an officer appointed to collect taxes; but the Idea of a military post seems to be the correct one
Lamb of God - The title suggests the Idea of a victim offered for sins; it probably goes back to Isaias, 53,7, where the Servant of the Lord, i
Spikenard - ]'>[1] , name sunbul hindi , Indian spike, preserves the same Idea
Hunting - War is referred to under the Idea of hunting (Jeremiah 16:16 ; Ezekiel 32:30 )
Restoration - Apart from papyri illustrations the word is found in an Egyptian reference to a consummating agreement of the word's cyclical periods, an Idea somewhat similar to that in the Acts passage (Moulton and Milligan)
Dog - The Jews used the term of Gentiles, under the Idea of ceremonial impurity
Elements, Elemental Spirits - (Greek stoicheia ) The basic Idea of stoichei is a member in a series
Cinnamon - Gesenius derives it from qun , qaneh , "cane," the Idea being that of standing upright
Feign - To invent or imagine to form an Idea or conception of something not real
Simplicity, Simple - Sometimes there is the Idea of uneducated, inexperienced, or unsophisticated. Simplicity is associated with Ideas like integrity (2 Samuel 15:11 ), without evil (Romans 16:18 ), generosity (Romans 12:8 ), a life of devotion to God (2 Corinthians 1:12 ), and simply believing the gospel truth (2 Corinthians 11:3 )
God, Lamb of - The title suggests the Idea of a victim offered for sins; it probably goes back to Isaias, 53,7, where the Servant of the Lord, i
Ido - For each Idea that root is selected which is already most international, on the principle of the "greatest facility for the greatest number of people
Achor - With this Idea we find the place and the circumstance afterwards adverted to
Scholar - But the word scholar seldom conveys the Idea of a pedant
Conversion - Although the word ‘conversion’ may be rare in the Bible, the Idea is common enough
Poemen, Anchorite of Egypt - The anecdotes in the last-mentioned authority give the best Idea of the man
Eternity - The Ideas of eternity and self-existence are so closely connected, that because something must of necessity be eternal, independently and without any outward cause of its being therefore it must necessarily be self-existent; and because it is impossible but something must be self-existent, therefore it is necessary that it must likewise be eternal. "The eternal existence of God," it is said, "is not to be considered as successive; the Ideas we gain from time are not to be allowed in our conceptions of his duration. Whether we get our Idea of time from the motion of bodies without us, or from the consciousness of the succession of our own Ideas, or both, is not important to this inquiry. It is not denied but that duration is something distinct from these its artificial measures; yet of this every man's consciousness will assure him, that we can form no Idea of duration except in this successive manner. But we are told that the eternity of God is a fixed eternal now, from which all Ideas of succession, of past and future, are to be excluded; and we are called upon to conceive of eternal duration without reference to past or future, and to the exclusion of the Idea of that flow under which we conceive of time. The proper abstract Idea of duration is, however, simple continuance of being, without any reference to the exact degree or extent of it, because in no other way can it be equally applicable to all the substances of which it is the attribute. Duration, then, as applied to God, is no more than an extension of the Idea as applied to ourselves; and to exhort us to conceive of it as something essentially different, is to require us to conceive what is inconceivable. It is to demand of us to think without Ideas. Duration is continuance of existence; continuance of existence is capable of being longer or shorter; and hence necessarily arises the Idea of the succession of the minutest points of duration into which we can conceive it divided. Beyond this the mind cannot go, it forms the Idea of duration no other way: and if what we call duration be any thing different from this in God, it is not duration, properly so called, according to human Ideas; it is something else, for which there is no name among men, because there is no Idea, and therefore it is impossible to reason about it. As long as metaphysicians use the term, they must take the Idea: if they spurn the Idea, they have no right to the term, and ought at once to confess that they can go no farther. This, it is true, is as much a definition of the moon, as of infinity of duration; but it is valuable, as it shows that, in the view of this great man, though an advocate of the nunc stans, "the standing now," of eternity: we must abandon the term duration, if we give up the only Idea under which it can be conceived. It follows from this, therefore, that either we must apply the term duration to the divine Being in the same sense in which we apply it to creatures, with the extension of the Idea to adoration which has no bounds and limits; or blot it out of our creeds, as a word to which our minds, with all the aid they may derive from the labours of metaphysicians, can attach no meaning. On the contrary, we think that the Idea of our successive duration, that is of continuance, is an advantage, and not a defect. Let all Ideas of continuance be banished from the mind, let there be to us a nunc semper stans, during the whole of our being, and we appear to gain nothing,—our pleasures surely are not diminished by the Idea of successive duration being added to present enjoyment: that they have been, and still remain, and will continue, on the contrary, greatly heightens them. Without the Idea of a flowing duration, we could have no such measure of the continuance of our pleasures; and this we should consider an abatement of our happiness. If any man will contend, that the period of duration which we call time, is nothing, no farther dispute can be held with him; and he may be left to deny also the existence of matter, and to enjoy his philosophic revel in an Ideal world
Abba - ...
New Testament The Idea of God's intimate relationship to humanity is a distinct feature of Jesus' teaching. Even when “Father” in the New Testament translates the more formal Greek word pater, the Idea of abba is certainly in the background
New Thought - Its fundamental Ideas are: ...
that God is omnipresent and immanent in all created things
that man is a divine soul "a microcosm of God"
that he is under the domination of universal law
New Thought denies all Idea of atonement, regarding evil "as only misdirected energy
King Going to War, Parable of the - parable of the King Going to War Luke 14 A companion of the parable of the "builder" and emphasizing the same Idea
Standards - The Egyptian standards were designed in the same Idea as those of the Romans, exhibiting some sacred emblem (5,6,8), or a god in the form of an animal (3,4), a group of victory (7), or the king's name or his portrait as (1), of lower, and (2) of upper, Egypt, or an emblematic sign, as No
Chapter, General - The Idea of general chapters originated with Saint Benedict of Aniane in thc 9th century, was revived at Cluny in the l0th, and finally culminated in the congregational system promulgated by the Fourth Lateran Council, 1215
Philosophy - "Though essentially Greek as a name and as an Idea, it had found its way into Jewish circles
Snare - The Idea in both words is simply that of taking unawares, as the bird in the fowler’s trap—the fakhkh, in the use of which Arab boys are so expert—or the hare in the noose cunningly spread in its path
Comforter - It is worthy of notice that although Paul nowhere uses the word paracletos, he yet presents the Idea it embodies when he speaks of the "intercession" both of Christ and the Spirit ( Romans 8:27,34 )
Comforter - It is worthy of notice that although Paul nowhere uses the word paracletos, he yet presents the Idea it embodies when he speaks of the "intercession" both of Christ and the Spirit ( Romans 8:27,34 )
Coup - ) A sudden stroke; an unexpected device or stratagem; - a term used in various ways to convey the Idea of promptness and force
Preaching - for 'announcing, or making known,' without the Idea of preaching in a formal way, as the word is now understood
Flatter - ) To portray too favorably; to give a too favorable Idea of; as, his portrait flatters him
General Chapter - The Idea of general chapters originated with Saint Benedict of Aniane in thc 9th century, was revived at Cluny in the l0th, and finally culminated in the congregational system promulgated by the Fourth Lateran Council, 1215
Thought, New - Its fundamental Ideas are: ...
that God is omnipresent and immanent in all created things
that man is a divine soul "a microcosm of God"
that he is under the domination of universal law
New Thought denies all Idea of atonement, regarding evil "as only misdirected energy
New Thought - Its fundamental Ideas are: ...
that God is omnipresent and immanent in all created things ...
that man is a divine soul "a microcosm of God" ...
that he is under the domination of universal law ...
New Thought denies all Idea of atonement, regarding evil "as only misdirected energy
Gift - We cannot adduce a more remarkable proof of the important part which presents play in the social life of the East than the fact that the Hebrew language possesses no less than fifteen different expressions for the one Idea
Restitution of All Things - All such expressions clearly have reference to God's dispensational dealings on earth, to which the term 'all things' refers, and do not touch one way or another the Idea of universal salvation
Design - ) A plan or scheme formed in the mind of something to be done; preliminary conception; Idea intended to be expressed in a visible form or carried into action; intention; purpose; - often used in a bad sense for evil intention or purpose; scheme; plot. ) To create or produce, as a work of art; to form a plan or scheme of; to form in Idea; to invent; to project; to lay out in the mind; as, a man designs an essay, a poem, a statue, or a cathedral
Inheritance - —The ordinary Biblical Idea of inheritance is ‘the enjoyment by a rightful title of that which is not the fruit of personal exertion. In the Gospels, however, the Idea of succession to a deceased person is the prominent one, as with ourselves
Incomprehensibility of God - There may be (for any thing we certainly know) attributes and perfections in God of which we have not the least Idea. In those perfections of the divine nature of which we have some Idea, there are many things to us inexplicable, and with which, the more deeply and attentively we think of them, the more we find our thoughts swallowed up: such as his self-existence, eternity, omnipresence, &c
Growth Increase - αὕξησις)...
In most of the passages in which the Idea of growth, growing, increase, occurs in the NT the words in use in the Greek are either parts or compounds of the verb αὐξάνω. The abstract noun ‘increase’ (αὕξησις) is found in only two passages-Ephesians 4:16, Colossians 2:19 -but the root of the word and the Idea underlying occur frequently all through the apostolic writings. They had a great wealth of words to express the Idea of growth, and most of them signify the organic growth of living objects. According to Hebrew Ideas, the natural laws of physical growth are made to apply to the spiritual realm. ’...
These Ideas are carried forward to the NT, and we have frequent references to the phenomena of growth, while the comparison between growth in the natural and in the spiritual world is fully developed. Four separate connexions in which the Idea of growth is applied can be distinguished. ’ The same Idea is expressed in Acts 9:22 where the growing spiritual power of St. In the Acts of the Apostles the Idea occurs in connexion with the progress of the Church as an external organization. The verb used is περισσεύω, but the Idea is the same. But not only is the Idea of growth applied to the Church as an outward organization, the visible Church which grows in numbers, and to the Christian character of individual believers; it is also applied to the Church as a spiritual unity which the Apostle Paul describes as the ‘body of Christ
Scoffer - 2 Peter 3:3 warns that the last days will see scoffers laughing at the Idea of Christ's return (compare Jude 1:18 )
Naturism -
Philosophic Naturism, based on the Idea that there is unity in animated nature and that God is the soul of the world, is the essence of Pantheism, the Neo-Hegelian school, and Transcendentalism
Kibroth-Hattaavah - Here, we may say, as we tread the ground Idea, and tread over the ashes of those lusters, here are the sad records and monuments of those whose examples teach us the effect of dying martyrs to the indulgence of corrupt passions
Rock - This is probably the central Idea in Jesus’ statement to the apostles, through their representative Peter, that they were the rock on which he would build his unconquerable church (Matthew 16:18; Ephesians 2:20)
Seize - ) To grap with the mind; to comprehend fully and distinctly; as, to seize an Idea
Comprehend - To understand to conceive that is, to take, hold or contain in the mind to possess or to have in Idea according to the popular phrase, I take your meaning
Evolution, Creative - The system, a form of monism, is undone by its own postulates of production without a cause and progress without a governing Idea
Obstinacy - Obstinacy may not always convey the Idea of unreasonable or unjustifiable firmness as when we say, soldiers fight with obstinacy
Left - Hence the ancient Idea of sinister, unfortunate, attached to the left arm or side
Naturism - ...
Philosophic Naturism, based on the Idea that there is unity in animated nature and that God is the soul of the world, is the essence of Pantheism, the Neo-Hegelian school, and Transcendentalism
Mission - The word involves also the Idea of powerand authority and also a definite sphere of operations
Jude, Epistle of - The style of the epistle is that of an "impassioned invective, in the impetuous whirlwind of which the writer is hurried along, collecting example after example of divine vengeance on the ungodly; heaping epithet upon epithet, and piling image upon image, and, as it were, labouring for words and images strong enough to depict the polluted character of the licentious apostates against whom he is warning the Church; returning again and again to the subject, as though all language was insufficient to give an adequate Idea of their profligacy, and to express his burning hatred of their perversion of the doctrines of the gospel. " ...
The striking resemblance this epistle bears to 2Peter suggests the Idea that the author of the one had seen the epistle of the other
Scarlet (2) - sense of colour seems to have been so comparatively dim and uncertain, that it is almost impossible to ascertain what the real Idea was which they attached to any word alluding to hue’ (Ruskin, Mod. Westcott (on John 19:2; John 19:5) emphasizes, in the crown and robe, the Idea of victory as well as of royalty: ‘this blood-stained robe was the true dress of a kingly conqueror
Marvelous, To Be - As a denominative verb, it is based on the noun for “wonder, marvel,” so it expresses the Idea of doing or making a wondrous thing. This Idea is well expressed by the psalmist: “This is the Lord’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes” ( Give Drink - ” In its first occurrence in the biblical text, shâqâh expresses the Idea of “to irrigate,” or “to water”: “But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground” ( Idea of an irrigation canal or system
Solomon the Song of - The Idea is repeated in both the Old and New Testaments. Such passages as these show how familiarly the Idea was used, even in prose composition; we need not be surprised to find it expanded in impassioned poetry
Pour, Flow - The Idea expressed in these two instances and others ( Idea of “pouring out” or “casting” molten metals ( Idea of “pouring upon or infusing” someone is found in Remnant - ” The Idea of the “remnant” plays a prominent part in the divine economy of salvation throughout the Old Testament. ” 1618105953_87 and 7:18, Micah announces a similar Idea. ...
In the pre-exilic period, this remnant Idea is stressed by Isaiah. …”...
In the writing prophets, the Idea of the “remnant” acquired a growing significance. Yet the Idea may be found as early as the Pentateuch. The Idea of “those being left” or “having escaped,” especially a portion of the Israelite people, may be traced back to Mathematics - (Greek: mathematikos, disposed to learn) ...
A science consisting of two main divisions: pure mathematics, restricted to the abstract science which by the deductive system examines the conclusions necessarily involved in the Idea of numerical and spatial relations, and which includes arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus; and applied mathematics, which treats of the application of the abstract principles of pure mathematics to the concrete, and which comprehends branches of astronomy, physics, etc
Familiar Spirit - The word "familiar" is from the Latin familiaris, meaning a "household servant," and was intended to express the Idea that sorcerers had spirits as their servants ready to obey their commands
Drink-Offering - "Drink offerings of blood" (Psalm 16:4 ) is used in allusion to the heathen practice of mingling the blood of animals sacrificed with wine or water, and pouring out the mixture in the worship of the gods, and the Idea conveyed is that the psalmist would not partake of the abominations of the heathen
Meat-Offering - This involves neither of the main Ideas of sacrifice—the atonement for sin and self-dedication to God. Accordingly the meal-offering, properly so called, was introduced by the sin-offering, which represented the Idea atonement, and to have formed an appendage to the burnt-offering, which represented the sacrifice
Eisegesis - With this verse, Mormons, for example, bring their preconceived Idea of the existence of many gods to this text and assert that it says there are many gods
Forgiveness - There are seven words in Scripture that denote the Idea of forgiveness: three in Hebrew and four in Greek
Ditch - For the Idea, cf
Goshen - (Genesis 47:1-6) Perhaps there might have been even in those days, a remote Idea to the times of the gospel in the name of Goshen; for even now in the present hour, that is truly a land of Goshen where Christ is truly known, and where heaven hath shed and is shedding its blessed influences, in the showers of his Holy Spirit; while all the earth is as Egypt in the dryness, where no rains are known, and where the gospel of Christ is not
Camel's Hair - Camel's hair is also made into those beautiful stuffs, called shawls; but certainly the coarser manufacture of this material was adopted by John, and we may receive a good Idea of its texture, from what Braithwaite says of the Arabian tents: "They are made of camel's hair, somewhat like our coarse hair cloths to lay over goods
Black, Blackness - ...
: (Strong's # — — — ) Hebrews 12:18 , "blackness, gloom," seems to have been associated with the Idea of a tempest
Nail - ...
B — 1: προσηλόω (Strong's #4338 — Verb — proseloo — pros-ay-lo'-o ) "to nail to" (pros, "to," and a verbal form of A), is used in Colossians 2:14 , in which the figure of a bond (ordinances of the Law) is first described as cancelled, and then removed; the Idea in the verb itself is not that of the cancellation, to which the taking out of the way was subsequent, but of nailing up the removed thing in triumph to the cross
Palmer Worm - The Jews support this Idea by deriving the word from גוז or גזן , to cut, to shear, or mince, Notwithstanding the unanimous sentiments of the Jews that this is a locust, yet the LXX read καμπη , and the Vulgate eruca, "a caterpillar;" which rendering is supported by Fuller
Mistake - ) To have a wrong Idea of in respect of character, qualities, etc
Scripture, Liberty in - In the Old Testament the Idea of liberty was almost entirely absent, religion meant the "fear of the Lord" (Psalms 33), servant was the name of the good (Psalms 18; Hebrews 3)
Kinsman-Redeemer - This Idea is most clearly illustrated in the Book of Ruth. The Idea that God is a kinsman to Israel can be defended by those passages of Scripture that identify him as Israel's Creator and Father (Exodus 4:22-23 ; Deuteronomy 32:6 ), Deliverer (Exodus 20:2 ), owner of the land (Leviticus 25:23 ), the one who hears innocent blood crying out for vengeance (Deuteronomy 19:10 ; 21:6-9 ), and the King who has made his covenant with the people (Exodus 6:2-8 ). The same Idea of vindication (this time with the term translated "Defender") is used in Proverbs 23:11
Desolation - To nearly all the prophets the Idea of a wasted and depopulated land, such as is given in the graphic description of Isaiah 1:7-9, is familiar. The words, ‘Your house is left unto you desolate,’ are a reminiscence of Jeremiah 22:5 (LXX Septuagint—εἰς ἐρήμωσιν ἔσται ὁ οἶκος οὗτος), and it makes little difference whether ἔρημος stand in the text or not; the general Idea is that the house (i. The Idea is rather that, the glory of Jerusalem consisting in her being the city of the great King, she loses all when He abandons her
Home - The English word ‘home’ represents more than one Greek word; most commonly οἷκος gives the Idea. ...
The same Idea is given by τὰ ἴδια, lit. civitas) conveys the Idea of a ‘home’ (cf. To us the word ‘city’ conveys the Idea of streets and buildings; to a Greek or Roman, and so to an early Christian, it means an organized society which is the home of those who inhabit it (see B. The Idea of home is much dwelt upon in the Pastoral Epistles. Hospitality is closely connected with the Idea of ‘home
Lamp - The terra cotta and bronze handlamps from Nimrud and Koyunjik perhaps give a good Idea of the Bible lamp
Nicholas Cryfts - In his philosophy Nicholas of Cusa cast off Aristotelean methods and definitions for deep speculations and mystical forms of his own; in theology, he discussed the Trinity profoundly, and though some have proclaimed his Idea of God pantheistic, his writings are all strictly Christian
Nicholas of Cusa - In his philosophy Nicholas of Cusa cast off Aristotelean methods and definitions for deep speculations and mystical forms of his own; in theology, he discussed the Trinity profoundly, and though some have proclaimed his Idea of God pantheistic, his writings are all strictly Christian
Bell - Their purpose is stated in Exodus 28:35 , but the underlying Idea is obscure (see the Comm
Homily - At present there are four methods of treating the homily: ...
to treat separately each sentence of the Gospel
to focus the entire content of the Gospel in a single Idea
to select some virtue or vice arising out of the Gospel, and to treat it to the exclusion of all else
to paraphrase and explain the entire Gospel, and then make an application of it
Development - ) The elaboration of a theme or subject; the unfolding of a musical Idea; the evolution of a whole piece or movement from a leading theme or motive
Blast - The figurative senses of this verb are taken from the blasting of plants, and all express the Idea of checking growth, preventing maturity, impairing, injuring, destroying, or disappointing of the intended effect as, to blast credit, or reputation to blast designs
Before - ) Preceding in time; earlier than; previously to; anterior to the time when; - sometimes with the additional Idea of purpose; in order that
Pit - ...
(3) Βor , "a pit or cistern once full of water, now empty", with miry clay beneath (Psalms 40:2; Zechariah 9:11); used as dungeon wherein the captive has no water or food; so Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:6; Jeremiah 38:9), Isaiah 51:14; hence symbolizing "the dishonored grave of the once haughty transgressor", with the Idea of condign [2] punishment in the unseen world, shadowed forth by the ignominious state of the body (Ezekiel 31:14; Ezekiel 31:16; Ezekiel 32:18; Revelation 9:1-27)
Symbols - There is doubtless an abstract Idea in each symbol, though it may not always be easy to discover it, and it might vary somewhat in being applied to different subjects
Hieroglyphic - It is made up of three, or, as some say, four classes of characters: first, the hieroglyphic proper, or figurative, in which the representation of the object conveys the Idea of the object itself; second, the ideographic, consisting of symbols representing Ideas, not sounds, as an ostrich feather is a symbol of truth; third, the phonetic, consisting of symbols employed as syllables of a word, or as letters of the alphabet, having a certain sound, as a hawk represented the vowel a
Prosper - ” This word generally expresses the Idea of a successful venture, as contrasted with failure
Lend, Lender - 1, the basic Idea of which is to "lend" on security or return
Motive - ) That which produces conception, invention, or creation in the mind of the artist in undertaking his subject; the guiding or controlling Idea manifested in a work of art, or any part of one
Penny - So in Revelation 6:6 , "a measure of wheat for a penny" expresses to the English reader the Idea of great plenty; whereas the original indicates a distressing scarcity
Demon - (Matthew 8:29 ) The description is precisely that of a nature akin to the angelic in knowledge and powers, but with the emphatic addition of the Idea of positive and active wickedness
Ransom - One of them, בִּפֶּר, is said to have the root Idea of ‘covering,’ or of ‘wiping away,’ though it is almost entirely used in an accommodated moral sense of ‘making propitiation’ (cf. Tymms, Christian Idea of Atonement, London, 1904, p. The Idea of ransom is thus obtained from the Idea of ‘covering’ or ‘clearing the face’ of an offended person by means of a gift, especially by a gift which is the satisfaction for the life of a man paid either to God or man (cf. Support for the second line of derivation with the primary Idea of a ransom price paid is found in the rendering of פָּדָה in Isaiah 35:10, Psalms 69:18, Hosea 13:14, Isaiah 51:11, Jeremiah 31:11; and in the rendering of גָּאַל in Isaiah 51:10, Jeremiah 31:11. Hollmann has sought by elaborate investigation to discover the Aramaic term of which λύτρον is the equivalent; he thinks that this inquiry results more favourably for the Idea of ‘liberating’ than of ‘covering’ in the Hebrew original (Die Bedeutung des Todes Jesu, Tübingen, 1901, p. ...
Whichever line of derivation may be followed, the resultant Idea from the Hebrew terms, of which λύτρον is the representative in the Septuagint , is that the word indicates the means or cost by which a redemption is achieved. Consequently the apostolic interpretation will lie within that circle of Ideas which carry the implication that life in the higher sense may be lost, and that man has no means of buying it back
Forerunner - (Compare the Idea of Christ as first fruits of the dead, 1Corinthians 15:20,1 Corinthians 15:23 . ) A similar Idea is expressed in the image of Christ as the pioneer of salvation (Hebrews 2:10 ), the first of many children that God brings to glory through suffering
Line - More probably, however, the Idea is still that of a measuring line. Probably the Apostle’s Idea is that of a measuring line, as defining the boundary between his own province and another’s
Imagination - The power or faculty of the mind by which it conceives and forms Ideas of things communicated to it by the organs of sense. Conception image in the mind Idea. We are apt to think that space, in itself, is actually boundless to which imagination, the Idea of space of itself leads us
Carnal, Carnally - 4); having its seat in the animal nature, or excited by it, 1 Peter 2:11 , "fleshly," or as the equivalent of "human," with the added Idea of weakness, figuratively of the weapons of spiritual warfare, "of the flesh" (AV, "carnal"), 2 Corinthians 10:4 ; or with the Idea of unspirituality, of human wisdom, "fleshly," 2 Corinthians 1:12 ; (b) "pertaining to the flesh" (i
Destruction - Paul has a group of words for this Idea. But the chief words for the Idea of destruction of the unbelieving are ἀπώλεια (ἀπολλύω) and ὄλεθρος, both from ὂλλυμι, ‘to destroy. There seems no good reason for reading into the context the notion of annihilation of the soul, for that was probably an Idea wholly foreign to St. The word does not in itself denote eternity, but it lends itself readily to that Idea
Justification (2) - The Idea of justification itself was derived by the Apostle from the Rabbinic theology, whose doctrine of justification by the works of the Law is at once the antithesis and the necessary background of his own. We can trace the development of the Idea of righteousness before God in the prophets, who from the first judge Israel by the standard of the absolutely righteous demands of Jahweh. In the time of Jeremiah and Ezekiel the Idea is brought into connexion with the individual (Jeremiah 20:12, Habakkuk 1:4; Habakkuk 1:13; Habakkuk 2:4, Ezekiel 3:20-21; Ezekiel 18:19 ff; Ezekiel 33:12 ff. Further, this age being also that of the development of the Law, whose authors aimed at embodying the demands of Jahweh in a practical form, we find the Idea connected with the fulfilment either of the Law as a whole (Deuteronomy 6:25), or of a single commandment contained in it (Psalms 36:6-7,6). Finally, in the post-exilic period the Idea receives a great development. The general Idea is, further, that the recognition of righteousness by God is manifested by outward good fortune; just as His displeasure is shown by outward calamity (Isaiah 65:13-14, Malachi 4:2-3, Psalms 37:19-20 etc. In the later post-exilic literature, however, the Idea that the righteous is always rewarded and the wicked always punished in this life, is abandoned, and there appears the conception that the final justification or condemnation takes place after death (Job 19:25-26, Daniel 12:2-3). ...
The Pharisaic conception of the relation of man to God was purely legal, and based upon the Idea of the Law as a contract between God and man. The Idea of grace which qualifies the legalism of the OT sinks altogether into the background. ...
It will be apparent that the whole Idea, both in the OT and still more distinctly in the Pharisaic theology, is forensic. With this, again, agrees the derivation of the group of technical terms used in the OT in connexion with the Idea of justification (צְדִקָה צֶדֶק ‘righteousness,’ צַדִּיק ‘righteous,’ הִצְדִּיק ‘justify’). ...
It is finally to be observed that, both in the OT and in the Rabbinic theology, righteousness before God and justification, whether looked for from the Divine grace or on the ground of human merit, are religious Ideas. Paul’s Idea of justification is essentially the same as the Pharisaic, and, like it, forensic. Thus he speaks of the revelation of the righteousness of God through faith (Romans 1:17, Romans 3:22): the whole is really one Idea. But the form is all that the Apostle has in common with the Pharisaic Idea. Paul’s meaning as to justification from the fact that in Romans 4:7 he introduces, as synonymous with the imputation of righteousness or justification, the OT Idea of the forgiveness of sins (cf. The Idea that forgiveness is something merely negative, while justification conveys a positive status, turns on an inadequate conception of the Biblical Idea of forgiveness. ’ But his Idea of freedom from the Law is not to be limited to freedom from the Jewish Law. He also expresses the same Idea in terms of the parallel conception of adoption, by saying that the believer has received, in place of the spirit of bondage, leading to fear, the spirit of adoption, ‘whereby we cry, Abba, Father’ (Romans 8:15). It is to be noted, first, that the Idea of faith in the Epistle is quite different from St. Further, his Idea of works is not that of meritorious performance deserving reward, but of practical morality. Paul passes continually from the one hemisphere to the other in a way that shows that he feels them to be vitally related; and there are not wanting points of contact between them, amongst which we may note especially the fact that the Idea of faith is common to both hemispheres, as is also that of the Spirit, who appears in connexion with justification and adoption as diffusing the consciousness of the love of God (Romans 5:5) and as witnessing to our adoption (8:16), as well as in connexion with regeneration and sanctification as the potency of the new life
Dream - ) To have Ideas or images in the mind while in the state of sleep; to experience sleeping visions; - often with of; as, to dream of a battle, or of an absent friend. ) To let the mind run on in idle revery or vagary; to anticipate vaguely as a coming and happy reality; to have a visionary notion or Idea; to imagine
Monothelites - The latter, confusing the Idea of personality with the undivided activity of a single will, held that there was a kind of divino-human will and divino-human operation in Christ, the Man-God
Monothelitism - The latter, confusing the Idea of personality with the undivided activity of a single will, held that there was a kind of divino-human will and divino-human operation in Christ, the Man-God
Theophilus - Luke to the institutions of the Empire is in keeping with this Idea
Cause -
An intelligent agent's mental pattern of an intended effect is the exemplary cause or Idea. All things created are actualities of exemplary Ideas formulated in the Divine intellect from eternity
Shekinah - ...
These rabbis spoke of the Shekinah in order to encourage Israelites to have a higher Idea of God
Nimbus - In the course of centuries the Idea became more prominent that a nimbus must be given to God, and as a symbol of the grace of God it was given to the saints
Doorkeeper - The root Idea is threshold
Dominion - Dominion may have a positive connotation as when humankind is given dominion over creation (Genesis 1:26 ,Genesis 1:26,1:28 ; Psalm 8:6 ) or a negative connotation that approximates the Idea of domination (Genesis 37:8 ; Judges 14:4 ; Nehemiah 9:28 )
Oholah And Oholibah - The whole of the allegory is a continuation of Ideas already expounded in chs. The main Idea of the allegory seems to have been borrowed from Jeremiah 3:6-13
Hubert Van Eyck - Its 300 figures, charming landscapes, astonishing architectural background, and naive details give a complete Idea of the revolution in art worked by the technical skill and new naturalism of the famous brothers
Antinomianism - The word antinomianism is not used in the Bible, but the Idea is spoken of
Eyck, Hubert Van - Its 300 figures, charming landscapes, astonishing architectural background, and naive details give a complete Idea of the revolution in art worked by the technical skill and new naturalism of the famous brothers
Dragon - The same Idea is in Micah 1:8
Semaine - It brought together a great many priests and lay-people, and the Idea was imitated in Spain and Italy, and meetings were sometimes held in London
Monothelites - The latter, confusing the Idea of personality with the undivided activity of a single will, held that there was a kind of divino-human will and divino-human operation in Christ, the Man-God
Monothelitism - The latter, confusing the Idea of personality with the undivided activity of a single will, held that there was a kind of divino-human will and divino-human operation in Christ, the Man-God
Ensign - Neither of them, however, expresses the Idea which "standard" conveys to our minds, viz
Covenant - At any rate, the comprehensive signification in which it stands for the whole religious relationship between God and Israel, rests on the Idea of the covenant as a two-sided agreement. Indeed, the covenant Idea serves primarily to express the free, ethical, historically originated bond that exists between God and Israel. Greater prominence the covenant Idea obtains from the age of Jeremiah onwards. On the one hand, the covenant Idea begins to express the continuity of God’s dealings with His people; as it is a bond freely established, so it is the fruit of design and the fountain of further history, it has a prospective reference and makes Israel’s religion a growing thing; in a word, the covenant Idea gathers around itself the thoughts we have in mind when speaking of a history of redemption and revelation. Out of the combination of these two Ideas arises the Messianic or eschatological significance which the covenant Idea obtains in both these prophets. These two passages are of importance, because they bring the Idea of the covenant into connexion with the “figure of the Servant of Jehovah, which, assuming that the latter was Messianically interpreted by our Lord and applied to Himself, would explain that He represents Himself as the inaugurator of a new covenant. ...
In Jeremiah the covenant Idea appears as a Messianic Idea in two forms. This is an instance of the old application of the Idea to a concrete promise, which, however, in the present case, owing to the wide scope of the promise involved, would easily become identified in the mind of later generations with the expectation of an eschatological covenant in the comprehensive sense. To the prophet’s mind religion and the covenant have become so identified that the covenant Idea becomes the stable, permanent element in the historical development; if in its old form the covenant disappears, then in a new form it must reappear. ’...
Two further passages in the prophets, to which a Messianic application of the covenant Idea could easily attach itself, are Zechariah 9:11 and Malachi 3:1. The latter term better expresses the Idea of a two-sided agreement; but probably this was precisely the reason why the LXX Septuagint translators, desiring to emphasize the one-sided Divine origin and character of the covenant, avoided it. Thus conceived, the διαθἡκη could all the more easily become the equivalent of the berith between God and Israel, because already in the OT the Idea of ‘the inheritance’ had significantly attached itself to that of the covenant. In how far in other instances the associations of the testament Idea lay in the speaker’s or writer’s mind cannot be determined with certainty (cf. ’ In 2 Corinthians 3:6; 2 Corinthians 3:14 ‘testament’ was especially suitable, because here the Idea of διαθἡκη might seem to approach that of a body of writings (2 Corinthians 3:14 ‘the reading of the Old Testament’). On the whole, the covenant Idea had not been intimately associated with eschatology in the OT. The Epistle to the Hebrews is the only NT writing which gives to the covenant Idea the same central dominating place as it has in the greater part of the OT. The emergence of the Idea here is in harmony with the best OT traditions: it expresses the consciousness of the sovereign grace and undeserved faithfulness of God which pervades the prophetic pieces preserved for us in the gospel of the incarnation according to St. Of course, in a broad sense the Idea of the relation between God and Israel embodied in the word ‘covenant’ underlies and pervades all our Lord’s teaching
Dogma - In the sense that a dogma is an Idea, it follows that dogmatism is necessary for religion, since a religion without Ideas is meaningless
Calvinism - A system of religion, introduced by John Calvin, the French reformer, in opposition to Catholic teaching, the distinctive doctrines of which, in addition to his Presbyterian Idea of the church, are as follows: ...
Man, as a result of Adam's fall, has no freedom of will, but is an absolute slave of God;
God has predestined each one of us, some to hell, and some to heaven from eternity absolutely independently of our own efforts;
the elect cannot be lost
Knock - The Idea is that the guard over your privacy is to be placed at the entrance
Faction, Factious - 1: ἐριθεία (Strong's #2052 — Noun Feminine — erithia — er-ith-i'-ah ) denotes "ambition, self-seeking, rivalry," self-will being an underlying Idea in the word; hence it denotes "party-making. " It is derived, not from eris, "strife," but from erithos, "a hireling;" hence the meaning of "seeking to win followers," "factions," so rendered in the RV of 2 Corinthians 12:20 , AV, "strifes;" not improbably the meaning here is rivalries, or base ambitions (all the other words in the list express abstract Ideas rather than factions); Galatians 5:20 (ditto); Philippians 1:17 (RV; AV, ver
Ransom - In all these passages the same Idea is expressed)
Idealism - As applied to the philosophy of Plato it signifies his theory that the visible things of this world are merely copies of the perfect realities of another supersensible, Ideal world. The Idealism of Saint Augustine and the Scholastics is the doctrine that: the Ideal, the type according to which every sensible thing is made, is the Idea in the mind of God. In modern times, Idealism is the theory which denies reality to the external, physical world, and attributes real existence only to things as they are in the mind. In its extreme form Idealism is absolute subjectivism denying the existence of anything outside the mind of the thinking subject
Theophilus - The Idea of Theophilus being an imaginary person (the name meaning "friend of God") is at variance with the simplicity of the New Testament writers and especially the evangelists
Expression - ) A form of words in which an Idea or sentiment is conveyed; a mode of speech; a phrase; as, a common expression; an odd expression. ; significant and impressive indication, whether by language, appearance, or gesture; that manner or style which gives life and suggestive force to Ideas and sentiments; as, he reads with expression; her performance on the piano has expression
Associate - It conveys the Idea of intimate union
Averse - This word includes the Idea of from but the literal meaning being lost, the affection of the mind signified by the word, is exerted towards the object of dislike, and like its kindred terms, hatred, dislike, contrary, repugnant, &c
Fugitive - Not tenable not to be held or detained readily escaping as a fugitive Idea
Abstraction - ) An Idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to fight for mere abstractions
Remember - ) To have ( a notion or Idea) come into the mind again, as previously perceived, known, or felt; to have a renewed apprehension of; to bring to mind again; to think of again; to recollect; as, I remember the fact; he remembers the events of his childhood; I cannot remember dates
Windows - The account we have, 2 Kings 9:30 , of Jezebel's painting her face, tiring her head, and looking out at a window upon Jehu's public entry into Jezreel, gives us a lively Idea of an eastern lady at one of those solemnities
Commune - " The Idea that laleo and its compounds bear no reference to the word spoken or the sentiment, is unfounded
Bondman, Bondmaid - , 1 Corinthians 7:23 ; Romans 6:17,20 , and became the most common and general word for "servant," as in Matthew 8:9 , without any Idea of bondage
Needle - ...
Note: The Idea of applying "the needle's eye" to small gates seems to be a modern one; there is no ancient trace of it
Lily - If the former Idea be preferred, the flower may be supposed to be the Lilium Chalcedonicum, or scarlet martagon, which is found plentifully in Galilee in spring-time
Earnest - ) shows that in 2 Corinthians 1:21 the verb ‘stablisheth’ connotes a legal Idea and stands in ‘an essential relation’ to ‘earnest’ in 2 Corinthians 1:22
Imagination - 1, is rendered "imaginations" in Romans 1:21 , carrying with it the Idea of evil purposes, RV, "reasonings;" it is most frequently translated "thoughts. ...
3: διάνοια (Strong's #1271 — Noun Feminine — dianoia — dee-an'-oy-ah ) strictly, "a thinking over," denotes "the faculty of thinking;" then, "of knowing;" hence, "the understanding," and in general, "the mind," and so, "the faculty of moral reflection;" it is rendered "imagination" in Luke 1:51 , "the imagination of their heart" signifying their thoughts and Ideas
Anathema - Any object so devoted to the Lord could not be redeemed ( Numbers 18:14 ; Leviticus 27:28,29 ); and hence the Idea of exterminating connected with the word. The word therefore carried the Idea of devoted to destruction (Numbers 21:2,3 ; Joshua 6:17 ); and hence generally it meant a thing accursed
Abyss - Abyssos [ ἄβυσσος ]'>[1] never translates Sheol , so in the Old Testament it never carries the Idea of the realm of the dead or the afterlife. ...
During the intertestamental period the situation began to change and the meaning of abyssos [2] broadened to include the Idea of death as well as the realm of demonic spirits (e
Thought - Thought is either the act or operation of the mind, when attending to a particular subject or thing or it is the Idea consequent on that operation. Idea conception. I employ words that express my thoughts, so that he may have the same Ideas in this case, our thoughts will be alike
Lord of Hosts - It is possible that at one time the title suggested the Idea of Jahweh as the leader of the Israelite forces . There is no doubt that in the early stages of the history of the nation the popular view of the functions of Jahweh was concentrated to a large extent on this point that He was the guider and commander of the armies in warfare; and the same Idea lingered late, and lies at the bottom of the objection to the institution of the monarchy which is put in Samuel’s mouth (cf. For the Idea of the angelic host engaged in the service of God, cf. As the Idea of the omnipotence of God grew loftier and wider, the elemental forces of nature were regarded as performing service to their Creator
Antichrist - (ἀντίχριστος)...
The word is found in the NT only in 1 John 2:18; 1 John 2:22; 1 John 4:3, 2 John 1:7, but the Idea further appears in the Gospels, the Pauline Epistles, and above all in the Apocalypse. It is not, however, an Idea original to Christianity, but an adaptation of Jewish conceptions which, as Bousset has shown (The Antichrist Legend), had developed before the time of Christ into a full-grown Antichrist legend of a hostile counterpart of the Messiah who would make war against Him but whom He would finally overthrow. The NT references to the subject cannot be rightly appreciated without some previous consideration of the corresponding Ideas that were present in Judaism before they were taken over by Christianity. -Although the word ‘Antichrist’ does not occur till we come to the Johannine Epistles, we have many evidences in pre-Christian Jewish literature, canonical and extra-canonical, that there was a widely spread Idea of a supreme adversary who should rise up against God, His Kingdom and people, or His Messiah. The strands that went to the composition of the Idea were various and strangely interwoven, and much obscurity still hangs over the subject. The myth appears to have belonged to the common stock of Semitic Ideas, and must have become familiar to the Hebrews from their earliest settlement in Canaan, if indeed it was not part of the ancestral tradition carried with them from their original Aramaean home. But it was characteristic of the forward look of Prophetism and Messianism that the Idea of a conflict between God and the dragon was transferred from cosmogony to eschatology and represented as a culminating episode of the last days (Isaiah 27:1, Daniel 7). ...
(2) Side by side with the dragon-myth must be set the Beliar (Belial) conception, a contribution to Jewish thought from the side of Persian dualism, with its Idea of an adversary in whom is embodied not merely, as in the Babylonian Creation-story, the natural forces of chaos and darkness, but all the hostile powers of moral evil. The Beliar Idea was a much later influence than the dragon-myth, for Babylonian religion offers no real parallel to a belief in the Devil, and Cheyne’s suggested derivation of the name from Belili, the goddess of the under world (Encyclopaedia Biblica , article ‘Belial’), has little to recommend it. It was, above all, a counterpart of the Messianic Idea, as that was derived from the prophets and evolved under the experiences of Jewish national history. Ezekiel’s prophecy of the overthrow of Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38); Zechariah’s vision of the destruction of the destroyers of Jerusalem (Zechariah 14); above all, the representation in Daniel, with reference to Antiochus Epiphanes, of a world-power that waxed great even to the host of heaven (Daniel 8:10), and trod the sanctuary under foot (Daniel 8:13), and stood up against the Prince of princes until it was finally ‘broken without hand’ (Daniel 8:25)-all contributed to the Idea of a great coming conflict with the powers of a godless world before the Divine Kingdom could be set up. At the same time it must be noticed that nothing like a single consistent presentation of the Antichrist Idea is given by the NT as a whole. For the adversaries of the Son of Man, the real representatives of the Antichrist spirit in His eyes, were the false Christs and false prophets by whom many should be deceived (Matthew 24:5; Matthew 24:24)-in other words, the champions of that worldly Idea of the coming Kingdom which He had always rejected (Matthew 4:1 ff; Matthew 16:23, John 6:15), but to which the Jewish nation obstinately clung. -As follows naturally both from its subject and from its literary form, the Apocalypse is more permeated than any other book in the NT with the Idea of the Antichrist. ), and its form is an adaptation to Christianity of the Ideas and imagery of those Jewish Apocalypses, from Daniel onwards, which were chiefly responsible for the growth of the Christian Antichrist conception. ...
The first of these is found in the application to Christian Ideas of the Antichrist of the contemporary Nero-saga, with its dream of a Nero Redivivus who should come back to the world from the realms of the dead (cf. ...
The second contribution was the Idea of the false prophet (Revelation 16:13; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10), who is to be identified with ‘another beast’ of Revelation 13:11 ff. -In these writings, where the word ‘Antichrist’ appears for the first time, the Idea is spiritualized as nowhere else in the NT except in the teaching of Jesus. Oesterley, The Evolution of the Messianic Idea, do
Christadelphians - Dr John Thomas, an Englishman, came to the United States in 1844 and organized a number of societies (also in Canada and Great Britain), using for his central Idea "taking out of the gentiles a people for His name
Double Monasteries - The Idea spread to Belgium, Germany, and Spain, and came into favor in England with the monastery of Saint Hilda at Whitby in the 7th century
Monasteries, Double - The Idea spread to Belgium, Germany, and Spain, and came into favor in England with the monastery of Saint Hilda at Whitby in the 7th century
Censures - The term and Idea originated in Roman law
Flesh - As suggesting the Idea of softness it is used in the expression "heart of flesh" (Ezekiel 11:19 )
Golgotha - Hence it is an untenable Idea that it is embraced within the present "Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Integrity - The Idea of singleness of heart or mind is frequent: Matthew 5:8 ; Matthew 6:22 ; James 1:7-8 ; James 4:8
Free And Open Churches - These words express the Idea embodied in amovement in the American Church that has been making for many yearsto make the House of Prayer what it was originally, viz
Shechi'Nah - The Idea which the different accounts in Scripture convey is that of a most brilliant and glorious light, enveloped in a cloud, and usually concealed by the cloud, so that the cloud itself was for the most part alone visible but on particular occasions the glory appeared
Compassion - The etymology of the word expresses this Idea with strict propriety, as it signifies suffering with the object. "Ideas of fitness, " as Saurin observes, "seldom make much impression on the bulk of mankind; it was necessary therefore to make sensibility supply the want of reflection; and by a counter-blow with which the miseries of a neighbour strike our feeling, produce a disposition in us to relieve him
Broad - : Having a large measure of any thing or quality; not limited; not restrained; - applied to any subject, and retaining the literal Idea more or less clearly, the precise meaning depending largely on the substantive
Honorius i, Pope - However, the Idea prevails that Honorius may have been wrong in fact but not in intention
Accept - To understand to have a particular Idea of to receive in a particular sense
Mandrakes - The church describing them as fragrant, and perhaps having an allusion in that view to the fragrancy of higher objects, may be supposed to convey the Idea of the sweet-smelling odour of Jesus, and the fruits and graces of his Spirit
Stumble - ...
Romans 14:21 (b) Paul would not have any believer to have a false Idea, or come to a wrong conclusion by anything which he would do
Ashes (2) - The mourner, or the penitent, would throw dust, or dust mixed with ashes (σποδός), into the air, as an expression of intense humiliation, due to penitence for sin, or grief because of affliction (Matthew 11:21; for this Idea in the OT cf
Scout - ) To reject with contempt, as something absurd; to treat with ridicule; to flout; as, to scout an Idea or an apology
Belteshazzar - From Daniel's history, it should seem to convey the Idea, as though the name Belteshazzar was given to him in compliment, on account of his great wisdom; but there can be but little question, that the great object was, that he might, in time, forget the Lord God of Israel, and be incorporated with the Chaldeans
Stumble, Be Weak - …” This use illustrates the basic Idea that one “stumbles” because of something or over something
Drive Out - ...
Nâdach expresses the Idea of “being scattered” in exile, as in Far - ...
Sometimes râchaq implies the Idea of “exile”: “… The Lord [1] men far away” ( Intent - 1: ἔννοια (Strong's #1771 — Noun Feminine — ennoia — en'-noy-ah ) primarily "a thinking, Idea, consideration," denotes "purpose, intention, design" (en, in, nous, mind); it is rendered "intents" in Hebrews 4:12 ; "mind," in 1 Peter 4:1 (RV, marg
Edward Pusey - Deeply read in the Church Fathers he conceived the Idea of bringing Anglicanism to the norm of the ante-Nicene Church
There - Wherever there is sense or perception, there some Idea is actually produced
Precious - The root Idea is something of great worth, which also becomes precious or an honour to those who possess it
Eternity of God - If his duration were successive, or proceeded by moments, days, and years, then there must have been some first moment, day, and year, when he began to exist, which is incompatible with the Idea of his eternity; and, besides, one day would be but one day with him, and not a thousand, contrary to the express language of Scripture, 2 Peter 3:8 . To him all truths are but one Idea, all places are but one oint, and all times but one moment
At - convey the like Idea. At arms, furnished with arms, bearing arms present with arms at hand, within reach of the hand, and therefore near at my cost, with my cost at his suit, by or with his suit at this declaration, he rose from his seat, that is present, or coming this declaration whence results the Idea in consequence of it
Memory - A faculty of the mind, which presents to us Ideas or notions of things that are past, accompanied with a persuasion that the things themselves were formerly real and present. It is ready to receive and admit with great ease the various Ideas, both of words and things, which are learned or taught. It is large and copious to treasure up these Ideas in great number and variety. We should join to the Idea we wish to remember, some other Idea that is more familiar to us, which bears some similitude to it, either in its nature, or in the sound of the word
Reign - This same Idea recurs in Israel ( Idea “to become king”—someone was made, or made himself, a king: “And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead” ( Testator - The Idea of "making a will" destroys the argument of Hebrews 9:18 . In spite of various advocacies of the Idea of a will, the weight of evidence is confirmatory of what Hatch, in Essays in Biblical Greek, p
Diana of the Ephesians - There were two conceptions of Artemis in ancient times: (1) the Greek maiden huntress, sister of Apollo; to this conception corresponds the Italian Diana; (2) the mother-goddess, the emblem of fertility, the fountain of nourishment, an Anatolian divinity, who was Grecized under the name of Artemis: this is the goddess referred to in Acts, and she has nothing to do with Diana, representing in fact a contrary Idea. The rude idol preserved in her chief temple at Ephesus was said to have fallen from heaven (this is the real meaning of Acts 19:35 ), a not uncommon Idea in ancient times, which suggests that such images were sometimes meteoric stones
Regeneration - The Idea of regeneration is also conveyed by the use of other terms related to the Idea of birth. ...
The Idea of regeneration also appears in other figures of speech which refer to concepts in addition to birth. Sometimes the Idea of receiving new life is used as a description of regeneration (compare John 5:21 ; John 7:38 ; John 10:10 ; John 10:28 )
Godliness - Holtzmann speaks of the Idea represented by it as one of the most individual Ideas of these letters, and points out that its appearance in them (cf. In the original Paulinism the supreme stress lies on the religious relation to God, and the central Idea is that of justification by faith; while the ethical note is struck only in the second place, and in connexion with the peculiar Pauline mysticism. In the Pastoral Epistles, however, it is justification by faith and the specifically religious relation to God which are in the background; while the ethical demand of Christianity comes to the front in connexion with a fresh Idea-that of adhesion to the Church, its doctrine and practice. ...
In conclusion, it may be observed, and it has a bearing on the question of the authorship of the Pastorals, that the Idea of ‘godliness’ serves to hind these letters together with the certainly late and unauthentic 2 Peter , 2 Clement
Communion - partaking of, the blood and the body, or is it a communion whose symbol, and medium are the blood and the body? In former times all attempts at interpretation distinguished sharply between those various meanings; nowadays there is a tendency towards accepting the different views as being present at the same time in the author’s mind and in the mind of his first readers, not as entirely separate Ideas, but all together in fluctuating transition. Now in the Lord’s Supper we find both these Ideas present. Here we have the purely social and moral Idea. Robertson Smith started the theory that the origin of all sacrifice lies in the Idea of a sacramental communion between the members of a tribe and the tribal deity, which is realized by the common eating of the flesh of the sacrifice and the drinking of its blood. According to Dieterich, primitive man had the Idea that, by partaking of the flesh of any sacrificial animal offered to a god, he was partaking of the god himself, and thus entering into sacramental communion with him. Paul, it is true, starts the Idea of an unio mystica between the individual Christian and Christ (Galatians 2:20); this Idea is prevalent in his doctrine of baptism (Romans 6:4, Colossians 2:12); but his predominant line of thought is the other view, which regards the two personalities as apart from each other, and may be described as the Idea of ‘fellowship. When he says that the Jews by eating the sacrifices have communion with the altar, he means spiritual communion with God whose representative is the altar (note that the phrase ‘communion with God’ is avoided-a true mark of Rabbinism); and when he says that to partake of a supper connected with a heathen sacrifice brings men into communion with demons, he does not accept the popular Idea that the food itself was quasi-infected by demonic influence (he declares formally that to eat such flesh unconsciously does not harm a Christian); but he says; ‘ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of devils: ye cannot partake of the table of the Lord and of the table of devils,’ because partaking of the table constitutes a spiritual and moral communion which is exclusive in its effect
Brotherly Love - ” However, the Idea of brotherly love is much more extensive than these few occurrences. ...
Old Testament Two words in the Old Testament cover the full range of Ideas associated with “love,” the Hebrew ahab and hesed , though the latter is often associated with covenant love. He underlined the Idea of love for the brethren in Galatians 5:14 , “For all the law is fulfilled in one word, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. The Idea is repeated in John 17:26 , “that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them
Bond - These three metaphors all accentuate the main Idea of the cancellation of the debt. No stress is to be laid on the fact of the law being written or not written (the autograph Idea in χειρόγραφον) by the sinner, though, if the primary reference be to the Jews, they might be said to have signed the contract in giving assent to the law as represented in Deuteronomy 27:14-26. The central Idea is that the bond of moral obligation which was against us (καθʼ ἡμῶν and ὃ ἦν ὑπεναντίον ἡμῖν) has been removed by the death of Christ on the Cross
Holiness Purity - Both are primarily religious Ideas, whose ethical significance diverges. -The original Idea is stated by A. ’ Our Idea of holiness is misleading for the interpretation of both OT and NT meaning. The Hebrews, in transferring the epithet to Jahweh, also took over the ancient Idea involved in it, and persisting in the NT, that any thing or person that comes into any relation with Deity is ipso facto holy. -This Idea of ‘holiness’ as essentially a relationship between God and man, in which God takes the initiative, persists all through the NT; and it is obvious that, as the Idea of God developed, holiness would also tend to carry with it ever-increasing moral demands on character. Probably another side of the same Idea is present in John 17:11, where the Saviour appeals to the holiness of the Father that, in view of the trials and persecutions likely to come upon them, the disciples who are ‘in the world’ may be protected and vindicated (cf. 682), The Idea in Leviticus does not go beyond ceremonial purity (see under II. , while the Idea of God has of course become moralized, and He is spoken of as ‘Father,’ the exhortation is essentially to abandon the ‘former lusts,’ on the ground that they too are repugnant to the nature of God and unfit men for the service of the ‘living God. ’ The thought is akin to the Johannine Idea ‘God is light, and in him is no darkness at all’ (1 John 1:5). Here, again, we can detect, shining through the depth of ethical meaning, the fundamental Idea of holiness as ‘separation. ...
It is significant, as indicating the immense progress attained in the Christian Idea, that in the only two instances in he NT where the ἁγιότης of God is spoken of as an abstract term, men are represented as sharing in it. ...
‘We are … face to face with the mystery of the Divine personality, of which we are compelled to think as life capable of being moved to its utmost depths, without however being able to press this necessary Idea, [3]8 to its logical conclusions’ (ib. It belongs to a milieu where the theological Idea of the pre-existence of Jesus has given way to a more popular conception of His physical birth (cf. No feature, however, of the consciousness of Jesus in the Johannine Gospel is more marked than the emphasis on the Idea that Jesus in His essential nature transcends the ordinary Messianic categories. In the latter passage the Idea of the transference of the χρἱσμα may or may not have an affinity with Hellenistic mystery-religion (R. ’...
‘In its primary sense the word Implies no moral praise or merit; but it came, not unnaturally, to be connected with the Idea chesed as “loving-kindness” between man and man, and to be used of the character which reflected that love of which it was itself the object; and finally was applied oven to God Himself. The central Idea in both ὄσιος and δίκαιος is conduct sanctioned by Divine Law; and ὄσιος seems to express the Godward, δίκαιος the manward, side of such conduct
Sacrifice - This fact does not at all show that they were not actually expiatory, but it justified the inference that this Idea was not then the prominent one in the doctrine of sacrifice. (Exodus 10:26 ) Here the main Idea is at least deprecatory. The Passover indeed is unique in its character but it is clear that the Idea of salvation from death by means of sacrifice is brought out in it with a distinctness before unknown. This is but natural that the deepest Ideas should be the last in order of development. In fact, it brings out clearly and distinctly the Ideas which in heathenism were uncertain, vague and perverted. The Idea of expiation seems not to have been absent from it, for the blood was sprinkled round about the altar of sacrifice; but the main Idea is the offering of the whole victim to God, representing as the laying of the hand on its head shows, the devotion of the sacrificer, body and soul. It is clear from this that the Idea of sacrifice is a complex Idea, involving the propitiatory, the dedicatory and the eucharistic elements. " The material sacrifices represented this great atonement as already made and accepted in God's foreknowledge; and to those who grasped the Ideas of sin, pardon and self-dedication symbolized in them, they were means of entering into the blessings which the one true sacrifice alone procured. The main Idea of this view of the atonement is representative rather than vicarious
Chance - The Idea of ‘ehance’ is ordinarily expressed in Gr. ’...
In the Gospels τυγχἁνω is used in its Intransitive sense, with the Idea, viz. ...
Apart from any further occurrence of the word ‘chance’ in Authorized and Revised Versions of the Gospels, the Idea of hap or chance may seem to be conveyed by the use of ‘haply’ in Mark 11:13, where Jesus is said to have come to the fig-tree, ‘if haply he might find anything thereon,’ and in Luke 14:29, where He Himself says of the builder who could not finish his tower, ‘lest haply when he hath laid a foundation, and is not able to finish it. ...
As a matter of fact, the Idea of chance was as foreign to the ancient Jewish as to the modern scientific mind; for while the scientist holds that the universal reign of law renders the operation of chance impossible, the Hebrew may be said to have believed (cf. ’ In popular language the Idea of things happening by chance appears to be admitted in both OT and NT (cf
Judaizers - Saint Peter himself in his great vision at Jaffa recoiled at first from the Idea of eating the flesh of animals which were declared unclean by the Mosaic Code
Dedicate, Dedication - The Idea of dedication is embodied in the New Testament word “saints
Jareb - In any case linguistic and historical evidence is against the Idea that Jareb is the proper name of an Assyrian or an Egyptian monarch
Innocent xi, Pope - " With an Idea of appeasing the pope Louis later inaugurated a persecution of Protestants by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, but Innocent expressed his displeasure at these drastic methods
Jotham - Afterwards, when Abimelech had been hailed as king at Shechem, Jotham addressed a fable to the people of Shechem designed to mock the Idea of Abimelech acting as a king
Heaven: Our Future Condition in - What makes these little things so lively, these innumerable little things like very small tadpoles, why are they so energetic? Possibly they have an Idea of what they are going to be
Mammon - Though not improbable, the Idea seems due to Milton ( P
Treasure, Treasury - This is reflected in the Idea of Christians as God's own people (1 Peter 2:9 )
Anoint - Ellison, The Centrality of the Messianic Idea for the Old Testament ; V
Sapphire - (σάπφειρος, from מַפיר)...
Sapphire is the second foundation stone of the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:19), an Idea probably suggested by Isaiah 54:11
Rejection (2) - —The word ‘rejection’ does not occur in the Gospels, but the Idea of ‘casting-off, despising, rejecting’ is familiar to the writers of the NT
Sufferings of Christ - To form an Idea of Christ's sufferings, we should consider the poverty of his birth; the reproach of his character; the pains of his body; the power of his enemies; the desertion of his friends; the weight of his people's sins; the slow, ignominious, and painful nature of his death; and the hidings of his Father's face
Chasten, Chastisement - Two basic Hebrew words express the Idea—yakach , “to settle a dispute, reprove”; yasar —”to instruct, a discipline
Gregory of Neocaesarea, Saint - " He is also well known as a writer and some of his chief works are: "Oratio Panegyrica," in honor of Origen; "Tractatus ad Theopompum," on the passibility and impassibility of God; "Epistola Canonica," an explanation of the organization of the churches of Pontus under Gregory; and "Exposition of the Faith," showing Gregory's Idea of the Trinity
Gregory Thaumaturgus, Saint - " He is also well known as a writer and some of his chief works are: "Oratio Panegyrica," in honor of Origen; "Tractatus ad Theopompum," on the passibility and impassibility of God; "Epistola Canonica," an explanation of the organization of the churches of Pontus under Gregory; and "Exposition of the Faith," showing Gregory's Idea of the Trinity
Add - To unite in Idea or consideration to subjoin
Approve - ...
This word seems to include the Idea of Christ's real office as the Messiah, and of God's love and approbation of him in that character
Shur - " (Hosea 2:14) Indeed, the very word Shur, a wall, carries with it this Idea
Blow - Tâqa‛ expresses the Idea of “giving a blast” on a trumpet
Siddim, the Vale of - The form of the plain agrees with the Idea of an emek
Pelican - Its posture with bill resting on its breast suggests the Idea of melancholy solitude (Psalms 102:6; Isaiah 34:11, where ka'ath is "pelican" not "cormorant"
Legalist - We may farther consider a legalist as one who has no proper conviction of the evil of sin; who, although he pretends to abide by the law, yet has not a just Idea of its spirituality and demands
Raiment - Is there an allusion to this in Psalms 102:26 : "As a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed?" If so, it conveys the magnificent Idea of the almighty Creator investing himself with the whole creation as with a robe, and having laid that aside, by new creations, or the successive production of beings, clothing himself with others, at his pleasure
Adder - "Adder" occurs also, Psalms 58:4; Psalms 91:13, as the translation of another word, perhaps embodying the Idea of twisting or twining. Psalms 140:3, which is compound, including the two Ideas of coiling and lying in wait
Thaumaturgus, Gregory, Saint - " He is also well known as a writer and some of his chief works are: "Oratio Panegyrica," in honor of Origen; "Tractatus ad Theopompum," on the passibility and impassibility of God; "Epistola Canonica," an explanation of the organization of the churches of Pontus under Gregory; and "Exposition of the Faith," showing Gregory's Idea of the Trinity
Society For the Maintenance of the Apostolic See - Established in London in July 1926 with the Idea of cooperating with the sovereign pontiff in his universal work of apostolate and in his constant endeavor to establish the peace of Christ among the nations
s.m.a.s. - Established in London in July 1926 with the Idea of cooperating with the sovereign pontiff in his universal work of apostolate and in his constant endeavor to establish the peace of Christ among the nations
Venus - The Greeks had the same Idea of the goddess of love, viz
Market, Market-Place - The word always carries with it the Idea of publicity, in contrast to private circumstances
Miserable, Miserably, Misery - A — 1: ἐλεεινός (Strong's #1652 — Adjective — eleeinos — el-eh-i-nos' ) "pitiable, miserable" (from eleos, "mercy, pity;" see MERCY), is used in Revelation 3:17 , in the Lord's description of the church at Laodicea; here the Idea is probably that of a combination of "misery" and pitiableness
Ransom (2) - ’ The Idea, however, is implicit in the verb (λυτροῦμαι) and nouns (λυτρωτής, λύτρωσις, ἀπολύτρωσις) used to express the thought and fact of redemption (see Redemption). This connects itself with the old Idea of a gift as ‘covering the face’ (cf. This leads to the Idea, which is the common one in the OT, of כֹּפֶּר as a ‘ransom,’ in the sense of something given in exchange for another as the price of that other’s redemption, or for one’s own redemption, or, what is at bottom the same Idea, as satisfaction for a life. He takes the notion of ‘covering’ in this word to apply to ‘covering in value’ (one thing covering the worth of another), and so imports into כֹּפֶר the Idea of strict equivalence. It is true that ‘ransom’ in the OT usually includes the Idea of rendering what may be termed an equivalent; but it is more than doubtful whether this can be read into the etymological signification. Exodus 30:12 above), and in 2 Samuel 21:3-7 the Idea, if not the word, is connected with the propitiatory delivering up of Saul’s seven sons to the Gibeonites (after refusal of a money-satisfaction, 2 Samuel 21:4). Yet it must be held that the connexion between the two Ideas of sacrifice offered for the removal of sin (to make propitiation, כִּפֶּר) and of ‘ransom’ (כֹּפֶר) is very close; and that, whether the word is used or not, the expiatory sacrifice was also, in its own way, a כֹּפֶר for the life of the offerer (the LXX Septuagint in Psalms 49:8 as in 1 Samuel 12:3 renders the word by ἐξιλασμα). ‘Ransom’ has here its true and proper sense of ‘a price paid in exchange,’ and the Ideas of ‘ransom’ and expiatory sacrifice flow together in the unity of the thought of redemption through Christ’s reconciling death (see Redemption). 1 Peter 1:18-19), the Idea of a λύτρον is involved in the conception of ἀπολύτρωσις. ...
The Idea of Christ’s death as ‘a ransom for all’ has ever been a favourite one in the preaching, theology, and hymnology of the Church
Citizenship - " This is the only place in Scripture where the word is used, but the Idea is found in both Jewish and Christian literature. In fact, the development of the Idea may be traced from the record of Abraham's experience to the writings of the apostolic fathers
Shame - 2 Timothy 2:20 , where the Idea of disgrace of "shame" does not attach to the use of the word; the meaning is that while in a great house some vessels are designed for purposes of honor, others have no particular honor (time) attached to their use (the prefix a simply negatives the Idea of honor)
Reproof - ...
Reproof may be administered (a) by word, in which case there is the underlying Idea of severe rebuke and admonition. Behind the censure lies the fundamental Idea of the conviction of sin, The verb ἐλέγχω signifies ‘prove, refute, expose, convict
Predestination - On the one side it has be observed, that it is impossible to reconcile it with our Ideas of the justice and goodness of God, that it makes God to be the author of sin, destroys moral distinction, and renders all our efforts useless. ...
If we allow the attribute of prescience, the Idea of a decree must certainly be believed also, for how can an action that is really to come to pass be foreseen, if it be not determined? God knew every thing from the beginning; but this he could not have known if he had not so determined it. If he, then, be wise and unchangeable, no new Idea or purpose can arise in his mind; no alteration of his plan can take place, upon condition of his creatures acting in this or that way. Excludes the Idea of chance
Walk - The Idea of God’s “going” (“walking”) before His people in the pillars of fire and cloud ( Idea that His people must “walk” behind Him ( Idea of following God through the wilderness moves to “walking behind” Him spiritually
Divine Attributes - Though God is absolutely one and simple, yet to enable us to form a better Idea of Him and to unfold as far as possible what is implied in saying that He is All-perfect, we apply or attribute to Him certain perfections which we find in creatures
Levit'Icus - One Idea --HOLINESS-- moreover penetrates the whole of this vast and burdensome ceremonial, and gives it a real glory even apart from any prophetic significance
Repay - 1), and carries with it the Idea of 'repayment' by way of a fine or punishment, a fact which lends emphasis to its use in Philemon 1:19
Second, Secondarily, Secondly - 1: δεύτερος (Strong's #1208 — Adjective — deuteros — dyoo'-ter-os ) denotes "second in order" with or without the Idea of time, e
Godliness - It is difficult, as Saurin observes, to include an adequate Idea of it in what is called a definition. "It supposes knowledge, veneration, affection, dependence, submission, gratitude, and obedience; or it may be reduced to these four Ideas; knowledge in the mind, by which it is distinguished from the visions of the superstitious; rectitude in the conscience, that distinguishes it from hypocrisy; sacrifice in the life, or renunciation of the world, by which it is distinguished from the unmeaning obedience of him who goes as a happy constitution leads him; and, lastly, zeal in the heart, which differs from the languishing emotions of the lukewarm
Innocence, Innocency - The basic Idea of the first is clean or free from ( Exodus 23:7 ; 2 Kings 24:4 ); that of the second, righteousness (Genesis 20:4 ; Deuteronomy 25:1 ; Job 9:15 )
Honorius Iii, Pope - Frederick would not, however, fulfil his vow to engage in a Crusade and the pope abandoned the Idea and set about making peace in Europe
Distant - So also we say, a distant Idea a distant thought a distant resemblance
New Man - Older translations use the expression "new man" to render the Greek words neos anthropos [1], which actually convey the Idea of new self or new human with no reference to gender
Second Death - No other Idea for koine Greek is recognized
Attributes, Divine - Though God is absolutely one and simple, yet to enable us to form a better Idea of Him and to unfold as far as possible what is implied in saying that He is All-perfect, we apply or attribute to Him certain perfections which we find in creatures
Footstool - —With the single exception of James 2:3 the word is used figuratively in the NT, to express the Idea of ‘subjection’ or ‘complete control
Existence - We arrive at the Idea of existence first from our own internal experience by which we perceive ourselves and our own subjective states to be actualities
Herodians - But as the general expectation of the Jewish nation, at that time, was on the tiptoe for their king the Messiah to appear, to deliver them from the Roman yoke, and to raise an empire that should conquer the world, Herod was glad to fall in with this popular Idea, not doubting but that they would regard him as the person
Meditate - The Idea that mental exercise, planning, often is accompanied by low talking seems to be reflected by Desolate, To Be - ...
Shâmêm often expresses the Idea of to “devastate” or “ravage”: “I will destroy her vines” ( Lascivious, Lasciviousness - The prominent Idea is shameless conduct
Chasten, Chastening, Chastise, Chastisement - A — 1: παιδεύω (Strong's #3811 — Verb — paideuo — pahee-dyoo'-o ) primarily denotes "to train children," suggesting the broad Idea of education (pais, "a child"), Acts 7:22 ; 22:3 ; see also Titus 2:12 , "instructing" (RV), here of a training gracious and firm; grace, which brings salvation, employs means to give us full possession of it; hence, "to chastise," this being part of the training, whether (a) by correcting with words, reproving, and admonishing, 1 Timothy 1:20 (RV, "be taught"); 2 Timothy 2:25 , or (b) by "chastening" by the infliction of evils and calamities, 1 Corinthians 11:32 ; 2 Corinthians 6:9 ; Hebrews 12:6,7,10 ; Revelation 3:19
Savelli, Cencio - Frederick would not, however, fulfil his vow to engage in a Crusade and the pope abandoned the Idea and set about making peace in Europe
Passion - A body at rest affords us no Idea of any active power to move, and when set in motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it
e'Noch - ) In the Epistle of Jude ( Jude 1:14 ) he described as "the seventh from Adam;" and the number is probably noticed as conveying the Idea of divine completion and rest, while Enoch was himself a type of perfected humanity
Hearken - , "to hearken," with the Idea of stillness, or attention (hupo, "under," akouo, "to hear"), signifies "to answer a knock at a door," RV, "to answer" (AV, "to hearken")
Woman's Auxiliary, the - An Idea of the work accomplished by this organizationmay be gained by considering the report made for the year endingSeptember 1st, 1900, from which it is learned that the Woman'sAuxiliary contributed that year the noble sum of $210,841
God: Vague Conceptions of - These men had heard that there was an amazing animal called the elephant, but they knew not how to form an Idea of his shape. After thus trying to gratify their curiosity they returned into the village, and sitting down together they began to give their Ideas on what the elephant was like: the man who had seized his trunk said he thought the elephant was like the body of the plantain tree; the man who had felt his ear said he thought he was like the fan with which the Hindoos clean the rice; the man who had felt his tail said he thought he must be like a snake, and the man who had seized his leg, thought he must be like a pillar. Respecting God,' added the pundit, 'we are all blind; none of us has seen him; those who wrote the astrus, like the old blind man, have collected all the reasonings and conjectures of mankind together, and have devoured to form some Idea of the nature of the Divine being
Justifying One's Self - The English word ‘justify’ always means ‘to show to be just,’ and in the different passages the Idea of the Greek also is that of showing one’s self to be just or righteous. In the case of the Pharisees in the latter passage, the emphasis is clearly laid upon the fact that they were endeavouring (with apparent success) to show themselves to be righteous persons in the judgment of men, though God’s Idea of them was entirely different
Sifting - Scripture refers to the sieve and the process of sifting only rarely (Isaiah 30:28, Amos 9:9, Luke 22:31), but is full of the Idea of sifting. ), too, contributes to the contents of the Idea of sifting
Anoint - 31:13: “… where thou anointedst the pillar, and … vowedst a vow unto me …” This use illustrates the Idea of anointing something or someone as an act of consecration. The Psalms often express the messianic Ideals attached to the Davidic line by using the phrase “the Lord’s anointed” ( Idea of “to smear with oil
God - ( Genesis 17:1 ; 28:3 ; Exodus 6:3 ) The etymology is uncertain, but it is generally agreed that the primary Idea is that of strength, power of effect , and that it properly describes God in that character in which he is exhibited to all men in his works, as the creator, sustainer and supreme governor of the world. The fanciful Idea that it referred to the trinity of persons in the Godhead hardly finds now a supporter among scholars
Heir Heritage Inheritance - verbs יָרַשׁ, נָחַל and their derivatives, which they render in the Septuagint , the Idea of a possession rather than of a succession, i. This is especially the case when Israel is regarded as the ‘heir’ of the land of Canaan; succession to the Canaanites is not prominent in the Idea of this inheritance, for Israel inherited from God, not from the people of the land. ...
On the other hand, the Latin heres with its derivatives, used by the Vulgate, being a weak form of χῆρος, ‘bereft,’ has the Idea of succession; it means literally ‘an orphan,’ and so hints at the death of the father. In all these English words the Idea of ‘succession’ is prominent. , are used in the most literal sense (see below, 3 (a)), the Idea of succession is not altogether absent; it certainly is present when διαθήκη is used in the sense of ‘a will,’ as in Hebrews 9:15 f. But it is obvious that where κληρονόμος is used of Israel’s inheritance in Canaan, or metaphorically of the Jewish and Christian promises of salvation (below, 3), the Idea of succession must pass into the background, for the Heavenly Father does not die; and this fact causes the difficulty in the otherwise more natural interpretation of διαθήκη as a ‘testament’ or ‘will. ’ Or the sonship is deduced from the heirship; in Galatians 3:7 ‘they which be of faith’-who succeed, as heirs to Abraham’s faith [3]-‘the same are sons of Abraham. Similarly in Hebrews 12:8, though the Idea of inheritance is not explicitly mentioned, the promise (11:39) can be attained only by suffering (cf. ...
(b) From the literal sense the passage is easy to the metaphorical-the Idea of the Messianic hope, Noah became ‘heir of the righteousness which is according to faith’ (Hebrews 11:7). With the NT Idea of an ethical inheritance or portion we may compare Wisdom of Solomon 5:5, Sirach 4:13 (glory) Sirach 37:26 (confidence among his people), the Ethiopic Book of Enoch, lviii. There is no Idea here of ‘succession’ (see above, 1)
Minister - minister = ‘ servant ,’ and generally it may be said that wherever it is found in the Bible, whether in OT or in NT, its original meaning is its primary one, service being the Idea it is specially meant to convey. ]'>[3] it was regularly applied, especially in its verbal form, to the ritual ministry of priests and Levites in the sanctuary, and so by NT times had come to connote the Idea of a priestly function. 3), from which all Ideas of priestly ritual are clearly absent. Even more significant than the uses to which leitourgos and its cognates are put in the NT is the fact that they are used so seldom, and that diakonos and diakonia are found instead when the Ideas of minister and ministry are to be expressed. But while every true Christian is a minister of Christ and of the brethren, there is a ministry of particular service out of which there gradually emerges the Idea of a special Christian ministry. We may find the roots of the Idea in our Lord’s words to His disciples, ‘Whosoever would become great among you shall be your minister, … even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many’ ( Matthew 20:26 ff
Logos - ...
The Idea of a Logos, an immanent Divine reason in the world, is one that meets us under various modifications in many ancient systems of thought, Indian, Egyptian, Persian. Plato and Aristotle were engaged in the development of the theory of Ideas, with its absolute separation of the material world from the world of higher reality. It was in the reaction from Platonic dualism that the Logos Idea again asserted itself, and was worked out through all its implications in Stoicism. The Logos Idea is loosened from its connexion with Stoic materialism and harmonized with a thoroughgoing Platonism, which regards the visible things as only the types and shadows of realities laid up in the higher world. It becomes identical in great measure with Plato’s Idea of the Good, except that it is further regarded as creatively active. Already in the later books of the OT, much more in Rabbinical speculation, we can trace the Idea of an intermediary between God and the world. To Philo, on the other hand, the Idea of reason is combined with that of the outgoing of Divine power. But this separate existence assigned to the Logos may also be set down in some measure to the composite origin of the Idea. The Evangelist assumes that the Idea of the Logos is already a familiar one in Christian theology. ]'>[1] ...
To what extent does the Logos Idea of Philo change its character as it assimilates itself to the theology of the Gospel? Before an answer can be offered to this question, it is necessary to consider a preliminary difficulty with which Johannine criticism has been largely occupied since the appearance of Harnack’s famous pamphlet. ]'>[2] Is the Prologue to be regarded as an integral portion of the Gospel, or is it, as Harnack contends, a mere preface written to conciliate the interest of a philosophical public? The Idea of Christ as the Divine Logos is nowhere resumed in the body of the Gospel. The statement of his view has led to a closer examination of the Prologue in its connexion with the Gospel, resulting in multiplied proof that the Ideas presented at the outset are woven in with the whole tissue of the work. ...
Thus, in accepting the Philonic Idea, St. Nevertheless the acceptance of the Logos Idea imposes on him a mode of thought which is often alien to his deeper religious instinct. It was not his purpose to discuss the Divinity of Christ as a theological Idea, but to impress it on his readers as a fact, by the knowledge of which ‘they might have life’ (John 20:31). He had set himself to combine Ideas which in themselves were radically incompatible, and succeeded in doing so only by a certain confusion of thought. In this well-marked strain of Johannine thought we have little difficulty in discerning the influence of the Logos Idea, penetrating the actual reminiscence of the life of Christ. John gives effect to the Idea of the Prologue that the nature of Christ was a Logos nature. This Idea is prominent throughout the Prologue, in which the ‘true Light’ is contrasted with the manifestations of God through John the Baptist and Moses. But the speculative Idea belongs to the form, not to the essence of St
Aeon - It expresses the Idea of long or indefinite past time, ἀπʼ αἰῶνος, ‘since the world began’ (English Version ; Luke 1:70, Acts 3:21; Acts 15:18; cf. ’ Strictly speaking, in accordance with the root Idea of αἰών the phrase indicates futurity or continuance as long as the ‘age’ lasts to which the matter referred to belongs. The larger vision gave the larger meaning; but it cannot he said that the fundamental Idea of ‘age,’ as an epoch or dispensation with an end, is lost. The plural αἰῶνες expresses the time-idea as consisting of or embracing many ages-aeons, periods of vast extent-‘from all ages’ (Revised Version , Ephesians 3:9), ‘the ages to come’ (Ephesians 2:7, etc. The Idea of one age succeeding another as under ordered rule is provided for in the suggestive title ‘the king eternal’ (English Version ‘the king of the ages’) (1 Timothy 1:17; cf. Dalman says that ‘in pre-Christian products of Jewish literature there is as yet no trace of these Ideas to be found’ (The Words of Jesus, p. It is difficult to believe that a nation which expected as much from the advent of the Messiah did not form some Idea, at a date before the days of Jesus Christ, of the vast changes vast would be produced when He did come, and look upon the age which was so marked as one to be contrasted with the age in which they were living. We cannot follow Dalman when he says: ‘It is not unlikely that in the time of Jesus the Idea of “the future age,” being the product of the schools of the scribes, was not yet familiar to those He addressed’ (ib. But this meaning of the word belongs to a time when the Gnostic Ideas and terminology were more fully developed than in the first century of the Christian era
Gourd - There is, however, another species, called the Cucumis prophetarum, from the Idea that it afforded the gourd which "the sons of the prophets" shred by mistake into their pottage
Ancient of Days - 46) suggests, by the Idea of God as making the ages old without turning old Himself
Coal - By this she means, as shown by the following words, the death of her son and the extinction of her family, an Idea elsewhere expressed as a putting out of one’s lamp ( Proverbs 13:9 )
Saying - 1: λόγος (Strong's #3056 — Noun Masculine — logos — log'-os ) "a word," as embodying a conception or Idea, denotes among its various meanings, "a saying, statement or declaration," uttered (a) by God; RV, "word" or "words" (AV, "saying"), e
Time - The general Idea which times gives in every thing to which it is applied, is that of limited duration
Christ: Welcoming Sinners - A touching picture of the soul who is aroused by the Spirit of God and blown out of its own reckoning by the winds of conviction; and the warm reception which the weary little bird received at the hands of the passengers conveys but a faint Idea of that welcome which will greet the worn-out, sin-sick souls who will commit themselves into the hands of the only Savior
Victory - νικάω), which is used by our Lord in John 16:33 ‘I have overcome the world,’ and in many other passages throughout the NT, to express the Idea of ‘overcoming
Corruption - Neither is it a term to indicate annihilation, which Idea does not seem to have been held by the Palestinian Jews
Handkerchief Napkin - It was also in use as a head or face cloth, approximating in Idea to ‘veil’ (cf
Lebanon - " (Song of Song of Solomon 4:15) And the Idea is as beautiful as the figure is just and correct: for as the cold flowing waters which descend from the mountain of Lebanon refresh the earth, and cool the hot climate, and are very copious, and run with rapidity; so the grace of God in Christ Jesus, like the water of life, runs freely, graciously, and abundantly, to make "glad the city of God
Fancy - ) An image or representation of anything formed in the mind; conception; thought; Idea; conceit
Gentleness - The general Idea of the Gr. ; he thinks there are no words in English which answer exactly to it, the Ideas of equity and fairness, which are essential to its import, usually getting less than justice in the proposed equivalents
Image - An Idea a representation of any thing to the mind a conception a picture drawn by fancy
Aesthetics - Idealists perceive it only in Ideals which suit their philosophy. " The conformity of human life and conduct with the divine Idea is admirably explained in the "Art of Life," by Monsignor Kolbe, and in the "Life of All Living, the Philosophy of Life," by Fulton Sheen
Lot - ...
In an extended use the word gôrâl represents the Idea “fate” or “destiny”: “And behold at eveningtide trouble; and before the morning he is not
Meat Offering - (1 Chronicles 29:10-14 ) It will be seen that this meaning involves neither of the main Ideas of sacrifices --the atonement for sin and self-dedication to God. Accordingly the meat offering, properly so called, seems always to have been a subsidiary offering, needing to be introduced by the sin offering which represented the one Idea, and to have formed an appendage to the burnt offering, which represented the other
Minister - A second term contains the Idea of actual and personal attendance upon a superior, as in (Luke 4:20 ) The minister's duty was to open and close the building, to produce and replace the books employed in the service, and generally to wait on the officiating priest or teacher
Idol - , "that which is seen"), or "an Idea, fancy," denotes in the NT (a) "an idol," an image to represent a false god, Acts 7:41 ; 1 Corinthians 12:2 ; Revelation 9:20 ; (b) "the false god" worshipped in an image, Acts 15:20 ; Romans 2:22 ; 1 Corinthians 8:4,7 ; 10:19 ; 2 Corinthians 6:16 ; 1 Thessalonians 1:9 ; 1 John 5:21
Together - 1: ὁμοῦ (Strong's #3674 — Adverb — homou — hom-oo' ) used in connection with place, in John 21:2 ; Acts 2:1 (in the best texts), RV, "together" (AV, "with one accord," translating the inferior reading homothumadon: see ACCORD , A), is used without the Idea of place in John 4:36 ; 20:4
Today, This Day - , Luke 22:34 ; 23:43 , where "today" is to be attached to the next statement, "shalt thou be with Me;" there are no grammatical reasons for the insistence that the connection must be with the statement "Verily I say unto thee," nor is such an Idea necessitated by examples from either the Sept
Ritual. Ritualism - Itis well, also, to observe that Ritualism properly considered,emphasizes the continuity of the Church before and after theReformation, and is a standing protest against the false Idea thatthe Episcopal Church was founded by Henry the Eighth, or that itis a mere schism from the Church of Rome
Offense - The offense of the cross is the Idea that equality of Jews and Gentiles is established through faith. In general, the Idea is used to donate a person who seeks to trip up the innocent
Surety - This is the Idea of a surety, and Christ was precisely this. Such is the Idea of a surety considered with an eye to Christ
Ambassador - ]'>[1] ...
In the OT the Idea behind the words translated ‘ambassador’ (generally mal’âkh) is that of going or being sent, and of this the etymological equivalent in the NT is not ‘ambassador’ but ‘apostle’ (ἀπόστολος, ‘one sent forth’); but both the OT terms and the NT ἀπόστολος have to be understood in the light of use and contest rather than of derivation. In this way they acquire a richer content, of which the chief component Ideas are the bearing of a message, the dealing, in a representative character, with those to whom one is sent, and the solemn investiture, before starting out, with a delegated authority sufficient for the task (cf. ’ πρεσβεύω, having πρέσβυς (‘aged’) as its stem, does suggest a certain special dignity and gravity, based on the ancient Idea of the vastly superior wisdom brought by ripeness of years
Over - ) Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the Idea of covering; - opposed to under; as, clouds are over our heads; the smoke rises over the city. ) Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an Idea of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head, over his shoes
Understanding - συνετός (Matthew 11:25, Luke 10:21), Authorized Version ‘prudent,’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘understanding,’ preserves the Idea of critical comparison, in contrast with the more general intelligence denoted by σοφός; but the reference is to material not spiritual things: ‘the “wisdom of the world” which is “foolishness with God” [1] the “foolishness of the world” which is “wisdom with God,” on which St. ...
The noun σύνεσις occurs only in Luke 2:47, where the precise Idea is implied of the growth of Jesus in the development of His faculty of recognizing truth in every aspect along with His growth in stature; and Mark 12:33, where, however, the reading is more than doubtful. (Gospels only Mark 9:32, Luke 9:45) preserves this Idea of advance, ‘there was a Divine purpose in their temporary ignorance’ (Swete). The disciples were unwilling to admit the Idea of suffering and death, and the rebuke administered to Peter made them afraid to ask questions; thus they remained ignorant for a time
Christ in Modern Thought - A brief general statement of the course that process took will serve to indicate at once its legitimacy and the extent to which it was likely to affect Ideas of Christ. ...
In essence and at the outset the gospel appeared as a revolutionary Idealism, inverting the old standards of excellence and the old criteria of truth, yet not outwardly revolutionary in its immediate aims. It is a mind which sees its Ideals with the vividness of reality and in the same instant confesses the no less insistent reality of the actual, and the impossibility of transforming it as yet by the Ideal. Modern thinkers frankly abandon the Idea of irreconcilable difference between nature and the supernatural. The Idealistic systems of Germany, in spite of their excesses, did magnificent service by their imperishable vindication of both truths. Each science rests on its own proper principles, obtained from a study of its own facts, without reference to Ideas drawn from other departments. There is an enhanced Idea of personality. That Idea carries with it two others whose significance for religious reconstruction we cannot overestimate. The vulgar conception of the supernatural, indeed, vanishes too; but simply because the richer Idea has taken its place of an inherent Divine Spirit in nature and in man, both of which are moments within the Spirit of the Divine Being. We may range them in a threefold order: (1) the Christ of Speculation or the Ideal Christ, (2) the Christ of Experience or the Ethical Christ, (3) the Jesus of History or the Historical Christ. On this general Idea he constructs his conception of Christianity and Christ in his treatise, Religion within the Bounds of mere Reason (1793). The means by which this change in man is brought about is that the Idea of moral perfection, for which we are destined from the first, is brought to a new life in his consciousness. But in no way can the Ideal of a humanity well-pleasing to God be brought home to us more vividly than under the image of a man, who not only himself promotes the good by word and deed, but is also ready for the benefit of the world to endure all sorrows, since we measure the greatness of moral strength by the hindrances to be overcome. In the historical figure of Jesus this Ideal appears. Not as though the Idea of a humanity well pleasing to God were first invested with power and obligation by means of an example furnished by experience; rather has the Idea its reality in itself, since it is founded on our moral reason. Only as an historical exemplar of this eternally true Idea can such a figure as that of Jesus be presented to us. In Him the Ideal of the good appeared in bodily form. When we believe in Him as the Son of God, the object of our saving faith is this eternal Ideal of God-pleasing humanity, not the historical man; the Ideal of which the historical man is but the highest representation. Incarnation is the ‘personalization of the Moral Ideal. The unity with which Christology is particularly concerned, cannot be understood if the two members of the antagonism are not thought out purely by themselves according to their Idea. Everything is explainable by this Idea; God in His growth (Werden) or the Son of God. ...
The same Idea is the essence of the Christian religion. As such He is the archetypal Man, the universal Ideal Man. Of peculiar significance is the description Schelling gives of the manner in which Christ objectifies the Ideal or Divine principle immanent in history. Possessed of an imperial intellect, he succeeds in constructing a system (Absolute Idealism), with extraordinary skill and infinite detail, which co-ordinates and harmonizes into organic unity the various principles of his predecessors. But while Schelling, in order to explain how everything is derived from this unity, takes his point of departure in the Absolute, Hegel starts from the Idea (German, Idee), and professes by the force of dialectic alone to make all things spring from the Idea. The Idea includes the Absolute (which is the pure Idea considered in itself and in an abstract manner), Nature (which is the Idea manifested and become object), and Spirit (which is the Idea turning back on itself and beholding itself as soul, as society, as God). ...
In the eternal Idea there is but one Son, who exists in the first place simply for the ‘thinking speculative consciousness,’ but who, in order to be universally accessible, must also exist for the ‘sensuous representative consciousness,’ must be seen to sensible intuition as an historical event. The Idea must realize itself in fact if all men are to be made conscious of it and the unity of Divine and human it stands for. An Ideal relation without personality has been likened to a painted horse which you cannot ride; and when the abstraction of the metaphysician interwoven in the universe is offered to us as the object of Christian belief, one who feels anything of the burdens and problems of life will turn away like Jacobi, little caring to know of a God who made the eye but sees not, the understanding but neither knows nor wills
Election - The Idea of election, as expressive of God’s method of accomplishing His purpose for the world in both providence and grace, though (as befits the character of the Bible as peculiarly ‘the history of redemption’) especially in grace, goes to the heart of Scripture teaching. ; while, in a broader sense, the Idea, if not the expression, is present wherever individuals are raised up, or separated, for special service (thus of Cyrus, Isaiah 44:28 ; Isaiah 45:1-6 ). Paul’s Epistles the Idea has great prominence ( Romans 9:1-33 , Ephesians 1:4 etc. It is now necessary to investigate the implications of this Idea more carefully. Valuable help is afforded, first, by observing how this Idea shapes itself, and is developed, in the OT. This is the Ideal calling of Israel which peculiarly comes out in the prophecies of the Servant of Jehovah ( Isaiah 41:1-29 ; Isaiah 42:1-25 ; Isaiah 43:1-28 ; Isaiah 44:1-28 ; Isaiah 45:1-25 ; Isaiah 46:1-13 ; Isaiah 47:1-15 ; Isaiah 48:1-22 ; Isaiah 49:1-26 ) a calling of which the nation as a whole so fatally fell short ( Isaiah 42:19-20 ). This Idea is seen shaping itself in the greater prophets in the doctrine of the ‘remnant’ (cf. ); in the Idea of a godly kernel in Israel in distinction from the unbelieving mass (involved in prophecies of the Servant); and is laid hold of, and effectively used, by St. (1) Whereas the election in the OT is primarily national, and only gradually works round to the Idea of an inner, spiritual election, the opposite is the case in the NT election is there at first personal and individual, and the Church as an elect body is viewed as made up of these individual believers and all others professing faith in Christ (a distinction thus again arising between inward and outward). (2) Whereas the personal aspect of election in the OT is throughout subordinate to the Idea of service, in the NT, on the other hand, stress is laid on the personal election to eternal salvation; and the aspect of election as a means to an end beyond itself falls into the background, without, however, being at all intended to be lost sight of. ...
As carrying us, perhaps, most deeply into the comprehension of the NT doctrine of election, it is lastly to be observed that, apart from the inheritance of Ideas from the OT, there is an experiential basis for this doctrine, from which, in the living consciousness of faith, it can never be divorced
Peace - It does not even cover the Idea of ‘treaty,’ ‘truce,’ for which σπονδαί is used. The root שלס covers a wide range of Ideas, many of which have nothing to do with war and peace. Thus the Idea of ‘health’ is not a metaphor transferring the notion of political soundness to the bodily, organism. The Hiphil and Hophal forms of the verb are largely denominatives from the noun in its specialized meaning ‘peace,’ but they, also signify ‘to give execution to a plan or purpose’-again the Idea of integration (Deuteronomy 20:12, Job 5:23; Job 23:14, Isaiah 44:26; Isaiah 44:28). The political notion of peace itself goes back to the same Idea, inasmuch as two parties become a unit in their relations towards outsiders or in mutual intercourse. The Idea of peace in relation to God Himself, in distinction from peace in other relations, given or guaranteed by God, seems to occur in the OT only in Psalms 85:8 (but cf. Paul has with doctrinal precision correlated the Ideas of ‘enmity’ (Romans 5:10; Romans 11:28, Colossians 1:21), ‘reconciliation’ (Romans 5:10-11; Romans 11:15, 2 Corinthians 5:18-20, Colossians 1:21), and ‘peace’ (Romans 5:1; Romans 8:6; Romans 14:17). In 1618105953_2 peace denotes the fellowship between Jews and Gentiles, but in Ephesians 2:17 (Isaiah 57:19) the peace proclaimed by the gospel is the peace with God, and the same Idea is implied in Isaiah 57:16. ...
The other branch of the NT Idea of religious peace ramifies from the main OT stem. Pre-Christian Judaism, while making considerable use of the Idea of peace, remains at bottom particularistic, whilst Christianity is thoroughly universalistic, although the programme of political peace is not explicitly enunciated in its writings
First Crusade - The Idea of sending an army to rescue the Holy Sepulcher, first conceived by Pope Gregory VII, was taken up by Urban II who commissioned Peter the Hermit, a recluse of Picardy, to preach the crusade
Scroll (Roll) - One of the most impressive eschatological metaphors was suggested by the Idea of the once familiar βιβλίον-‘and the heaven was removed as a scroll when it is rolled up’ (ὡς βιβλίον ἑλισσόμενον, Revelation 6:14 || Isaiah 34:4, ‘et cCElium recessit sicut liber involutus’ Mosiac Law - Some observe, that the different manner in which each of these laws was delivered may suggest to us a right Idea of their different natures
Difference - In logic, an essential attribute, belonging to some species, and not found in the genus being the Idea that defines the species
Girl Scouts - Since 1915 the official name of the incorporated organization originally termed Girl Guides; it was founded in America in 1912 by Mrs Juliette Low of Savannah, Georgia, and was based on the English group "Girl Guides," which, in turn was based on the Idea of the Boy Scouts, and has been developed by the originator of the Boy Scout movement, Sir Robert Baden-Powell, and his wife
Impulse - An influence, Idea, or motive acting upon the mind
River - Such conduits were easily turned by moulding the soil with the foot; and some think this is the Idea in Deuteronomy 11:10 ; "where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it with thy foot, as a garden of herbs
Trap - It is now employed to designate a rock or aggregate in which hornblend predominates, but it conveys no definite Idea of any one species and under this term are comprehended hornblend, hornblend slate, greenstone, greenstone slate, amygdaloid, basalt, wacky, clinkstone porphyry, and perhaps hypersthene rock, augite rock, and some varieties of sienite
Talk - The RV rendering is preferable; the Idea of "chat" or "chatter" is entirely foreign to the NT, and should never be regarded as the meaning in 1 Corinthians 14:34,35
Glorification - In the Scripture the Idea of glorification deals with the ultimate perfection of believers. The word "glorification" is not used in the Hebrew Old Testament or the Greek New Testament, but the Idea of glorification is conveyed by the Greek verb doxazo [ Psalm 73:24 ; Daniel 12:3 ), the New Testament is considerably fuller and richer in its development, making it explicit that believers will be glorified (Romans 8:17,30 ; 2 Thessalonians 1:12 )
Pray - In the intensive form pâlal expresses the Idea of “to mediate, to come between two parties,” always between human beings. 20:7, where the reflexive or reciprocal form of the verb expresses the Idea of “interceding for, prayer in behalf of”: “… He shall pray for thee
Admonition - The root Idea is ‘to put in mind’ (ἐν τῷ νῷ τιθέναι), to train by word, always with the added suggestion of sternness, reproof, remonstrance, blame (cf. This meaning of ‘Divine oracle’ is found chiefly in the NT, with the underlying Idea that the mind and heart must be suitably prepared for its reception
Resurrection - The expression, 'The general resurrection' is found in works on theology, and is explained as meaning that the dead will all be raised at the same time; but this Idea is not found in scripture. , though the Idea of it underlies all the teaching
Guilt - The various words used for sin in the Old Testament also expressed the Idea of guilt. ...
A new Idea presents itself in passages like Isaiah 53:1 : it is the Idea that a righteous one can suffer for the guilt of others. ...
The Idea of a sacrifice or offering for sin and guilt is picked up by other New Testament writers
Antichrist - The word appears only in the NT ( 1 John 2:18-22 ; 1 John 4:3 , 2 John 1:7 ), but the Idea was present in Judaism and developed with the growth of the Messianic hope. While the precise term ‘Antichrist’ is lacking in Jewish literature, the Idea of an opponent who persecutes God’s people and is ultimately to be conquered by the Messiah, is an integral part of that general hope, born in Prophetism, which developed into Messianism in the NT period. As in the case of so many elements of Messianism, the beginning of the ‘opponent’ Idea may fairly be said to have been Daniel 11:36 (cf. ...
Thus in Christian literature that fusion of the elements of the Antichrist Idea which were present in Judaism and later Christianity is completed by the addition of the traits of the false prophet, and extended under the influence of the current polemic against Jewish Messianism
Propitiation - The Idea of propitiation is borrowed from the sacrificial ritual of the OT, and the term is used in the EV Apocrypha - ’ The relation of the Apocrypha to Christ and Christianity, which is the subject of this article, comes especially under four heads—the Messianic Idea, the doctrine of Wisdom, the anticipation of Christian doctrines other than that of the Person or mission of Christ, the use of the Apocrypha in the Christian Church. The Messianic Idea. —While this Idea is luxuriantly developed in Apocalyptic literature, it is singularly neglected in most of the Apocrypha. But it was in the line of the prophetic schools of teaching that the Messianic Idea was cherished. ...
Only two passages in this book can be pointed to as suggesting the Messianic Idea, and they will not bear the strain that is sometimes put upon them. ’ We have here that very elementary form of the Messianic Idea, if we may so call it, the permanence of David’s throne. Of this passage, however, as of the earlier Scriptures on which it rests, we may say that the Idea contained in it is realized by the permanent reign of David’s great Son, and in a much larger and higher way than had been anticipated. , some of the Psalms attributed to this period indicate a prevalence of Ideas that belong to the same circle of thought. ...
The reaction of the later Hasidim, out of whom the Pharisaic party emerged, against the worldly methods of the Hasmonaean family and their identification of the mission of Israel with military prowess, released the more spiritual religious hopes, and so prepared for a revival of Messianic Ideas. ...
The book of Judith is a romance issuing from the Pharisaic reactionary party; but it is devoid of all specific Messianic Ideas. ...
Of the three other popular tales, two, The History of Susanna and Bel and the Dragon, contain nothing bearing on the Messianic Idea; but the latter part of Tobit may be accounted Messianic in the general sense as giving a picture of the Golden Age of the future. ...
Apocalyptic literature lends itself more readily to Messianic Ideas, and these find full expression in the Book of Enoch, where—in the ‘Similitudes’—the descriptions of the Messiah who appears in clouds as the Son of Man are assigned by Dr. The first point indicates the visionary Ideas of the Apocalyptic writer, not the known fact of our Lord’s brief life on earth, and the second is in conflict with the great prominence which the early Christians gave to our Lord’s resurrection. The reference to the death of the Messiah is not found in the Arabic or the Armenian versions; but it is easy to see how it came to be omitted, while there is no likelihood that it would be inserted later, either by a Jew, to whom the Idea would be unwelcome, or by a Christian, since the resurrection is not also mentioned. Similar Ideas are repeated in ch. Thus we have the Idea of a restoration of all Israel under the Messiah, but with no further extension of the happy future so as to include other nations, as in the Christian Apocalyptic conceptions; on the contrary, those nations will be humiliated and chagrined at the spectacle of the glorification of the former victims of their oppression. The historical method of more recent times sees in them the germs of Ideas on this subject which were subsequently developed by Christian theologians of the Alexandrian school. The Idea of Wisdom itself is essentially the same, and the gnomic form of writing continues an identity of method. The imagination would so vividly realize the allegorical picture that the Idea would seem to assume form and body, condensing to an apparently concrete and even personal presence, so that it would be regarded for the time being as a person, and yet in the course of the meditation this would melt again into an abstraction, and in the less imaginative passages be regarded in its original character purely as a mode of thought or action. To apply to the product of such a process the logic of the West, or to attempt to bring it into harmony, say, with Locke’s theory of Ideas, is unreasonable. Nevertheless, apart from the Arian conception, we still have the Idea of the creation of wisdom to account for. Here the Idea is different from that of Sirach. The language is little more than a metaphorical expression of the Idea that God has the wisdom which is above human reach. But Baruch has no conception of incarnation, and the Idea has no place in the Hebrew personification of wisdom. of Wisdom carries the doctrine of Hokhmah a stage forward in the direction of Philo, it is essentially Jewish, and its Idea of wisdom is fundamentally the same as that of Proverbs and Sirach, but with additions, some of which may be attributed to Hellenic influences
Chastisement - They do not contain, however, the Idea of chastisement. In the OT, Apocrypha, and NT this Idea of correction, discipline, chastening, is added to that of the general cultivation of mind and morals: the education is ‘per molestias’ (Augustine, Enarr. The same Idea of parental correction of the faults of children is found in Hebrews 12:9, where the fathers are described as παιδευταί (cf
Descent Into Hades - At first there was no Idea of a distinction between good and bad. But such an Idea grew up, and in the NT our Lord sanctioned the belief. 22, which marks the time that Christ preached and excludes the Idea that Christ in Noah preached to the men of Noah’s time, which was first suggested by St
Propitiation - Consequently we are largely dependent for help in its interpretation upon what we know of the use of cognate terms in the LXX_, and upon the Ideas associated with their Hebrew equivalents in the OT; for the classical use of the Greek terms from Homer downwards helps mostly by contrast, presenting a usage different from that found in the LXX_ and the NT. Tymms, The Christian Idea of Atonement, p. Bushnell also maintains that the language of Scripture accords with the pagan Idea of propitiation, but he rejects the Idea itself on ethical grounds, suggesting that the apostolic writers did not really mean what their words mean-an evasion which creates an exegetical impasse (cf. This difference of construction marks a difference between pagan and biblical Ideas; for although propitiating God may be indirectly involved in phrases used in the OT, it is not direct and prominent as in non-biblical writers. Leviticus 4:20); but the Idea of directly appeasing one who is angry with a personal resentment against the offender, which is implied when the deity is the direct object of the verb, is foreign to biblical usage. Obviously both ‘cover over’ and ‘wipe away’ are convenient metaphors for the common Idea of rendering null and void; the OT supplies frequent examples of the use of each in regard to sin (cf. But in OT theological terminology, kipper, which holds an important place, is used always in a figurative or moral sense with the collateral Idea, which in time became the dominant if not the exclusive one, of conciliating an offended person or screening an offence or offender. (c) The Idea of appeasing God in the heathen sense by offering Him an inducement to alter His disposition towards the offerer is absent, ‘nor is it ever implied that the offerer of such a sacrifice is outside God’s dispensation of grace, or the object of His wrath’ (Driver, HDB_ iv. (d) The Idea of the offender hiding or covering his sin is not tolerated; he is to confess and repent of it: ‘the object is never the sin, but the person (or thing) on whose behalf the offering is made’ (ib. These apostolic writers held in common the fundamental Idea that it was by an offering in His blood which Christ made in His death that He fulfilled a function analogous to, but infinitely transcending, that to which the term ‘propitiation’ was applied in the OT. It seems improbable that practically the same term was used within nearly the same period in the primitive apostolic community with any essential difference of meaning, especially when we consider the common stock of OT and later Jewish Ideas from which the term was taken over by each separate writer. Paul’s thought generally, it is probable that he may have regarded propitiation less in the light of a Levitical sacrificial offering than in that of the prophetical Ideal of vicarious suffering, or possibly even after the analogy of human sacrifice-one man dying for another (cf. -Although the Johannine writer uses for ‘propitiation’ a different Greek word (ἱλασμός, not ἱλαστήριον) there is no satisfactory ground for maintaining a meaning essentially different from that presented in the Pauline thought; characteristic words of a common religion cannot safely be applied in a different sense where it is obvious that the same great circle of Ideas is acknowledged. Propitiation is part of an apostolic system of Ideas of redemption, and is found in the writings of St. John associated with its correlatives of sin and righteousness, and with the blood of Christ as the means of putting away sin and establishing righteousness, Ideas with which it is vitally associated in the Pauline Epistles (for the opposite view cf. Then its perpetual persistence as a process as well as its achievement as a fact is a dominant Johannine Idea: ‘he is the propitiation,’ ‘his blood is cleansing us from all sin’ (1 John 1:7). This is the writer’s closer definition of what he means by ‘God is love’; he can convey no Idea of love in God beyond that which shows itself in propitiation; for that is love’s last word; the ultimate meaning of propitiation is love’s ultimate meaning too; contrast between them is unthinkable. The writer noticeably departs from the classical construction of the verb, and adopts the biblical, making its object ‘the sins of the people’; he thus avoids making God the object of the propitiation, producing in doing so a construction strange at the same time to Greek ears and to pagan Ideas. The writer assumes that propitiation is necessary for this end, and the only propitiation known to him is that made by a priest through sacrifice; but the necessity for it lies in a Divine fitness rather than in any definite legal obligation; the Pauline Idea of the law of righteousness is absent. The particular contribution, however, made by the writer of Hebrews to the apostolic teaching on propitiation is the discussion of the conception that the propitiation offered by Christ is capable of dealing with all and every kind of sin as a barrier between God and man, and not with sins of ignorance and infirmity alone; the key to the discussion is that Christ’s is a ‘better sacrifice,’ which perfects the imperfect, abolishes the typical, and lifts the whole significance of propitiation from the circle of legal and ceremonial Ideas into the realm of abiding ethical and spiritual realities; Jesus, ‘who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish unto God,’ thus becomes the author of eternal salvation-a salvation whose characteristic is finality; ‘through his own blood, (he) entered in once for all into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption’ (cf. Tymms, The Christian Idea of the Atonement, do
Quarries - The general appearance of the whole suggests to the explorer the Idea that the Phoenician quarrymen have just suspended their work
As - ) In the Idea, character, or condition of, - limiting the view to certain attributes or relations; as, virtue considered as virtue; this actor will appear as Hamlet
Rest - The conception of rest as a gift of God runs through the Bible, the underlying Idea being not idleness, but the freedom from anxiety which is the condition of effective work
Doctrine - Thus the Idea of God's sovereignty excites submission; his power and justice promote fear; his holiness, humility and purity; his goodness, a ground of hope; his love excites joy; the obscurity of his providence requires patience; his faithfulness, confidence
Waste - —The Idea of waste is presented in the Gospels in two figures
Manna - In conformity with this Idea, the seventy translate the passage, Exodus 16:15
Mercury - He is also spoken of as conducting the souls of the departed to their last home-an Idea inherited from the Vedic mythology
Highway - The Idea is clear—where men both good and bad, Jew and Gentile, are most likely to be found
Repentance - This, in Idea, is supposed to be perfectly understood by every one; but in reality very few have a true scriptural apprehension of it
Conceit - Conception that which is conceived, imagined, or formed in the mind Idea thought image
Condemn - But the word often expresses more than censure or blame, and seems to include the Idea of utter rejection as, to condemn heretical opinions to condemn ones conduct
Simple - ) Single; not complex; not infolded or entangled; uncombined; not compounded; not blended with something else; not complicated; as, a simple substance; a simple Idea; a simple sound; a simple machine; a simple problem; simple tasks
Gabbatha - ) Let all these interesting views be but in the reader's contemplation when he reads of these transactions, and he will have a lively Idea of the Gabbatha of Pilate's palace
As - ) In the Idea, character, or condition of, - limiting the view to certain attributes or relations; as, virtue considered as virtue; this actor will appear as Hamlet
Pathros - ; soldiers and traders of many nations must have passed frequently up and down the Nile in those days, yet without giving to their fellow-countrymen at home any clear Idea of the Upper Country
Alway, Always - The phrase, which is used of the time throughout which a thing is done, is sometimes rendered "continually," sometimes "always;" "always" or "alway" in Mark 5:5 ; Acts 10:2 ; 24:16 ; Romans 11:10 ; "continually" in Luke 24:53 ; Hebrews 9:6 ; 13:15 , the Idea being that of a continuous practice carried on without being abandoned
Craft, Craftsman - ...
Note: Demiourgos, "a maker," properly signifies one who works for the people, or whose work stands forth to the public gaze (demos, "people," ergon, "work"), but this Idea has been lost in the use of the word, which came to signify "a maker," Hebrews 11:10
Jude, Saint - ) TheCollect for the Day embodies this Idea
Remnant - The Idea of a remnant is found also in the address to the church in Thyatira, and to that remnant ('the rest') it was said, "That which ye have already hold fast till I come
Heresy - Our English word is derived from a Greek word which has the basic Idea of choice . Since the context of the verse has to do with quarreling and dissension, the Idea in this passage seems to be that of a fractious person
Angels of the Seven Churches - No definite Scriptural teaching can be adduced in favour of the Idea that churches have their guardian-angels. The most probable view, accordingly, is that the angels are personifications of their churches not actual persons either on earth or in heaven, but Ideal representatives. The Idea of angels was suggested, no doubt, by the later Jewish beliefs on the subject, but it is used in a figurative manner which suits the whole figurative treatment, where the glorified Jesus walks among the golden candlesticks, and sends to the churches messages that are couched in highly metaphorical language. It might seem to be against this Ideal view that the seven churches, as candlesticks, are definitely distinguished from the seven angels, as stars ( Revelation 1:12 ; Revelation 1:16 ; Revelation 1:20 ). But it is quite in keeping with the inevitable distinction between an actual and an Ideal church that they should be thus contrasted as a lamp and a star
Sheol - ]'>[2] hell ) in the NT is either the synonym of death, or of complete loss and misery, although the Idea of punishment is usually expressed by Gehenna . It would appear that the Idea of purgatorial cleansing, which Rabbinical Judaism introduced into the conception, was altogether absent from NT thought
Restoration of Offenders - In the discipline of the Apostolic Church the restoration of the offender was the main Idea and that of punishment subordinate. Ramsay) reject this Idea
Millennium - ” The Idea is no literal thousand year period, but a symbolic expression related to the spiritual blessedness of present Christian experience in which Satan is a defeated enemy and believers reign in life by Christ Jesus. ...
Premillennialism The Idea is that of “before the millennium or thousand years
Lion - ...
The Idea of a Lion of the Tribe of Judah is problematic because the fundamental passage (Revelation 5:5 ) is grammatically ambiguous and because there is no exact antecedent parallel. Given the imprecision in the alleged parallels, the cautious interpreter would not make much of the tradition that combines "lion" and "of the Tribe of Judah" into one Idea, but rather would understand Jesus the Lamb to be called Messiah under two images derived from separate traditions
Superstition - may be described to be either the careful and anxious observation of numerous and unauthorized ceremonies in religion, under the Idea that they possess some virtue to propitiate God and obtain his favour, or, as among Pagans and others, the worship of imaginary deities, and the various means of averting evil by religious ceremonies, which a heart oppressed with fears, and a perverted fancy, may dictate to those ignorant of the true God, and the doctrines of salvation. But as he has no Idea of that which the Divinity really is, he cannot duly understand this feeling of estrangement from God, this consciousness of divine wrath, and, instead of seeking in moral things the source of this unquiet feeling, which leaves him no rest by day or night, and from which there is no escape, he fancies that by this or that action, which of itself is perfectly indifferent, he may have offended this higher power, and he seeks by outward observances again to reconcile the offended power
Upper Room - "The house in which I am at present living," says Jowett, "gives what seems to be a correct Idea of the scene of Eutychus' falling from the upper loft while St. According to our Idea of houses, the scene is very far from intelligible; and, beside this, the circumstance of preaching generally leaves on the mind of cursory readers the notion of a church
Restitution - Peter at this stage of his career could not have entertained any Idea of a universal restoration is proved by his later experiences at Caesarea (Acts 10). The Idea. The Idea of ‘restoration of all things’ is raised not only by this speech of Peter’s but by one or two of our Lord’s utterances, and above all by certain striking statements and declarations in the Pauline Epistles. , Philippians 2:10-11, Ephesians 1:9-10, Colossians 1:20, that support is chiefly sought for the Idea of a universal restoration. ...
Attractive as it is, the Idea of universal restoration finds little support in a careful exegesis
Ephesians, Epistle to - The chief of these are: ( a ) the prominence given to the ‘Catholic’ Idea of the Church; ( b ) the doctrine of the pre-existent Christ as the agent of creation; ( c ) the substitution of the Idea of the gradual fulfilment of the Divine purpose for the earlier Idea of an imminent return ( Parousia ) of Christ. (1) The stress laid on the Idea of the Church as the fulfilment of the eternal purpose of God the body of which Christ is the head ( Ephesians 1:23 , Ephesians 2:16 , Ephesians 3:6 , Ephesians 4:12 ; Ephesians 4:16 ), the building of which Christ is the corner-stone ( Ephesians 2:20-22 ), the bride ( Ephesians 5:23-27 ). the Idea of the riches ( 1 Corinthians 1:5 ) and the mystery ( 1 Corinthians 2:7-10 ) of the gospel, the work of the Spirit 1 Corinthians 2:10-11 , 1 Corinthians 12:4 ff
Immanence - In the Idealistic system of Plato, according to which the Ideas that are supposed to be archetypal in God become ectypal in the universe, and constitute its real essence, order, and intelligibility, the immanence of Deity is involved. ...
In the later Platonic philosophy of the School of Alexandria the principle of the λόγος, especially in the hands of Philo the Jew, also suggests the Idea of immanence. ...
In modern philosophy the dictum of Malebranche, that we know things truly only when we see them in relation to God, and the monadology of Leibnitz, according to which a vital principle is supposed to lie at the heart of all things, both involve the Idea of immanence. The absolute Idealism of the Hegelian type of philosophy and the Hindu theosophy both make so much of the immanence of the Deity that His transcendence is quite obscured. ...
This article has to do mainly with the Idea of immanence as it appears in the Gospel narratives, and specially as it is exhibited in the teachings of Jesus Christ. ...
We can scarcely conclude from these and similar passages that special stress is laid upon the Idea of immanence in the Synoptics. John borrowed many of his Ideas, especially that of the λόγος, from the Platonic philosophy, as represented by Philo of Alexandria, who combined some OT Ideas with the philosophy of Plato. The fact that he makes no allusion to Philo or to Alexandria, but rather assumes that he gathered his Ideas from the teaching of Jesus, fully justifies thus view. In this term the Idea of immanence is involved; but as this topic is fully treated in art
Poverty of Spirit - What, then, is the religious temper, the ‘poverty of spirit,’ which was associated in our Lord’s mind with actual poverty? When we examine the saying in the light of the general context of the teaching of Jesus, we can discover three main Ideas which are implied in it. Before the new teaching could make any appeal to them, they had everything to unlearn, freeing their minds entirely of the prejudices and conventional Ideas which had encrusted them. —(2) The Idea of humility is likewise implied. —(3) A third Idea, characteristic of the whole teaching of Jesus, seems also to be involved in the words. is to attach a deeper, moral significance to the original Idea of poverty. The Idea of social status was subordinate in His mind to that of an inward spirit, which is not necessarily confined to any particular class. As in the other Beatitudes, our Lord arrests attention by stating His Idea in a bold paradoxical form
Seed, Seedtime - As a proof the argument has no force, for the same word zera ’ occurs in the sing, form in every passage in the OT where it expresses the Idea of offspring
Strangling - The Idea conveyed is death by suffocation, not necessarily produced by suspension
Mediator - This word is not found in the Old Testament; but the Idea it expresses is found in Job 9:33 , in the word "daysman" (q
Thessalonians, Epistles to the - The Thessalonians had embraced the Idea that Paul had taught that "the day of Christ was at hand", that Christ's coming was just about to happen
Dispense - , to weigh, primarily to move and perhaps the original Idea of expending was to weigh off, or to distribute by weight
Holy Thing - The fundamental Idea of ἄγιος is consecration: τὸ ἅγιον, that which is consecrated or set apart to the service of God; its general opposite would be βέβηλος, ‘profane
Governments - ‘Governings’ is a word which comes from the Idea of a κυβερνήτης, a shipmaster (Acts 27:11, Ezekiel 27:27-2808) or pilot (Ezekiel 27:8; 1618105953_8), directing the course of a ship
Decree - The Hebrews had not the modern conception of ‘laws of nature,’ but they had a good equivalent in the Idea of the world as ordered and founded by God’s decrees; as regulated by His ordinances (cf
Academics - A consideration of the principles of these two sects (see EPICUREANS) will lead us to form an Idea of the deplorable state of the world at the time of Christ's birth; and the necessity there was of some divine teacher to convey to the mind true and certain principles of religion and wisdom
Hidden - We are told by a certain author, that there are a set of men who make it their business to go about in search of treasure supposed to have been hidden; and so general is the Idea, that vast treasures are concealed in the earth, by men who died without making discovery of them to their friends, that this employment of digging in pursuit of wealth is a common thing
Girdle - (Exodus 20:4-8) The holy Scriptures, by a beautiful allusion to this strengthener of a man's loins by the girdle, conveys to the church a most lively and striking Idea of God's strengthening himself in his faithfulness to his people
Counsel, To - The Idea of “decision” is expressed in Leaven - The most prominent Idea associated with leaven in connection with the corruption which it had undergone,a nd which it communicated to bread in the process of fermentation
Socialism - The Idea of common ownership as a remedy for the inequalities of life appears in Plato's Republic, Campanella's City of the Sun, and other writmgs of ancient and modern times. This International provided the means for the spread of his Ideas, while Das Kapital provided the philosophy of the movement
Scapular of the Help of the Sick - This picture suggested to a brother of the Order of Saint Camillus, Ferdinand Vicari, the Idea of founding a confraternity under the invocation of the Mother of God for the poor sick
Help of the Sick, Scapular of the - This picture suggested to a brother of the Order of Saint Camillus, Ferdinand Vicari, the Idea of founding a confraternity under the invocation of the Mother of God for the poor sick
Altogether - It is sometimes subjoined to an adjective or a verb, as in this case, to show that the Idea coveyed by the adjective or verb belongs to the whole person or thing referred to
Eternity - —There is no word either in OT Hebrew or in NT Greek corresponding to the abstract Idea of eternity. ...
The Idea of eternity, like the Idea of immortality, was probably beyond the range of early Jewish thought. (2) With the Exile came a decay of national Ideals, and the Jew began to consider more his own personality and its relation to this eternal God. Later Judaism developed the Idea, probably borrowed from the Zend religion, of a series of world epochs (cf
Life - The Idea of Life in the Synoptic teaching is substantially that of the OT, unfolded in all its potential wealth of meaning. In the loftier passages of the Psalms, more particularly, the Idea of ‘life’ has almost always a pregnant sense. In the higher regions of OT thought, life and communion with God are interchangeable Ideas. ...
Jesus accepted the Idea of life as it had come to Him through the OT. (2) Thus He arrives at the Idea of something central and inalienable which constitutes the reality of life. In His account of the supreme blessing for which lower things must be sacrificed, He seems to pass abruptly from ethical to eschatological Ideas. Our Lord would appear to waver between the Idea of a world beyond death and that of a Messianic age or aeon, apocalyptically revealed on earth. ’...
Since the ethical and eschatological Ideas are denoted by the same word, we are justified in assuming that in the mind of Jesus they were bound up with one another. The eschatological Idea of life thus resolves itself at its centre into the purely ethical and religious. In the Fourth Gospel the Idea of Life is much more prominent than in the Synoptics. We have seen that in the Synoptics also the Idea of Life lies at the heart of our Lord’s teaching, since life is the peculiar blessing of the Kingdom of God. ’...
The Idea of Life as a present possession (already implicit in the Synoptic teaching) becomes in the Fourth Gospel central and determinative. The Fourth Evangelist, carrying out more fully the suggestion of Philo, combines the Hebrew and Greek Ideas. ...
It follows from this attempt to combine Hebrew with Greek Ideas, that the ethical moment falls largely out of sight. This Idea, which lies at the very centre of St. The Idea of Life as a semi-physical essence here comes to its sharpest expression. ...
Thus far we have considered the Johannine Idea of Life as it is determined by the Logos theory
Death (2) - The Idea is presented more definitely in the charge to the disciples, ‘Fear not them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do,’ etc. He nowhere suggests the Idea which St. The Idea is rather that it forms part of a lower, imperfect order of things, and that this will give place entirely to a higher. His own Idea of its spiritual import is of an altogether different nature, and can be gathered with sufficient clearness from certain explicit sayings. The Idea is enforced in its full extent that physical death is only a ‘taking rest in sleep,’ and in no wise affects the real life (John 11:4; John 11:11-14). These Ideas reappear in the Fourth Gospel, divested of their pictorial, eschatological form. ...
In this Johannine doctrine Greek-philosophical Ideas, transmitted through Philo, have blended with the original teaching of Jesus as recorded in the Synoptics. At the same time the ethical Idea, while not directly emphasized, is everywhere implied. The ‘freedom’ which Jesus promises is described in one passage (in which, however, the borrowed Pauline Ideas are imperfectly assimilated) as freedom from sin (John 5:33-36)
Conviction - ”...
The Hebrew word yakah expresses the Idea of conviction
Legends of the Saints - The word legend is not used here in the modern sense, describing what is entirely fictitious, but is intended to convey the Idea of a story which possesses a substratum of truth under considerable fanciful embellishment
Sceva - ]'>[1] ‘strolling’ perhaps conveys too much the Idea of ‘vagabond’) endeavoured to exorcise evil spirits by naming over them the name of Jesus
Virgin - A modern view holds that Isaiah was adopting the language of a current mythological tradition, and intended the word to convey the Idea of a divine mother (note ‘ the virgin,’ RVm Eternal Death - ...
The Idea that the "second death" (Revelation 20:14 ) is in the case of the wicked their absolute destruction, their annihilation, has not the slightest support from Scripture, which always represents their future as one of conscious suffering enduring for ever
Gethsemane - It is impossible to have the very Idea of this hallowed spot cross the recollection, without awakening the tenderest emotions
Holy Water - Standing where, when the rain is over, one can see the fair Lake of Cucerne brimming with crystal, and the clouds among the Alpine peaks all charged with moisture, rendered golden by the sun's clear shining, one feels indignant at the Idea that the little driblets of nastiness in yonder pots and shells should be venerated, and all nature's reservoirs accounted common or unclean
Kidron - The greatest desire of the Jews is to be buried there, from the Idea that the Kidron is the "valley of Jehoshaphat" mentioned in Joel 3:2
Embroider - ...
Smith's Bible Dictionary makes the riqmah woven texture without gold thread, and therefore without figures; chosheb that with gold thread, which was employed to delineate figures as the cherubim; chosheb involving the Idea of designing patterns (Exodus 27:16; Exodus 36:8; Exodus 36:35; Exodus 36:37; Exodus 38:18; Exodus 39:2; Exodus 39:5; Exodus 39:8; Exodus 39:29)
Descent to Hades - The Idea of descent to Hades was a theme of many ancient religions to describe the work of a religious hero
Rephan - The gloss arose from the Idea that Chiun is equivalent to the Syriac Kêwán, a Persian name of the planet Saturn
Trogyllium - The reason for their omission may have been either the mistaken Idea in the mind of the copyists that the text located Trogyllium in Samos, or the difficulty of imagining two night-stoppages, one in the harbour of Samos and another at Trogyllium, which is only 4 or 5 miles from Samos
Hallowed - The root Idea is setting apart for holy purposes, with the consequent development of a holy character
Presents - (Genesis 4:3-4) The after-age presents were to the same amount; for the mincha of the temple was simply an offering of meal or fine flour, and carried with it the Idea of a mincha of peace
Zion - In Isaiah 1:27 , the Idea of “Zion” included the whole nation
Flowers - But numbers alone convey no adequate Idea of its varied nature
Hades - The New Testament Hades does not differ essentially from the Hebrew Sheol, but Christ has broken the power of death, dispelled the darkness of Hades, and revealed to believers the Idea of heaven as the state and abode of bliss in immediate prospect after a holy life
Embalm - To avoid the dreadful effects arising from putrefaction, gave rise to the Idea of embalming; which was done by taking away the entrails, and anointing the body with oil and a composition of spices, which formed a kind of transparent coating, preserving from corruption, and keeping the body entire
Left, Remain - 9:1: “Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul …?” The remnant Idea is reflected in Breadth - ” This Idea is used figuratively in 1 Kings 4:29, describing the dimensions of Solomon’s discernment: “And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness [1] of heart, even as the sand that is on the seashore
Abner - Perhaps he now had some Idea of seizing the Israelitish throne for himself; for he appropriated a woman of Saul's harem, which Ish-bosheth interpreted as an overt act of rebellion
Saint Bartholomew's Day - The Idea of a summary execution of the Protestant leaders, which would end the discord that had caused three civilwars in France (1562-63,1567- 68,1569-70), had long existed in the mind of Catherine de' Medici
Image - The word sometimes appears to include, with the image, the Idea of the real object, Psalm 73:20 Hebrews 10:1
Raven - It may be that in passing over a human habitation, if a sickly or cadaverous smell arises, they should make it known by their cries, and so has arisen the Idea that the croaking of a raven is the premonition of death
Maran-Atha - 1: μαράνα θά (Strong's #3134 — — maran-atha — mar'-an ath'-ah ) an expression used in 1 Corinthians 16:22 , is the Greek spelling for two Aramaic words, formerly supposed by some to be an imprecatory utterance or "a curse reinforced by a prayer," an Idea contrary to the intimations coveyed by its use in early Christian documents, e
Sisinnius, Bishop of Novatianists - ), but do not give a very high Idea of his powers
Anglican Communion, the - The following Table taken from theNew York World Almanac for 1901 gives some Idea of...
THE RELIGION OF ENGLISH-SPEAKING PEOPLE
Jealousy - Jealousy may therefore include the Idea of zeal for all that is right and opposition to all that is wrong (Numbers 25:11-13; Deuteronomy 4:24; Nahum 1:2; John 2:17; 2 Corinthians 7:11)
Generation, Eternal - The Father is said by some divines to have produced the Word, or Son, from all eternity, by way of generation; on which occasion the word generation raises a peculiar Idea: that procession which is really affected in the way of understanding is called generation, because, in virtue thereof, the Word becomes like to Him from whom he takes the original; or, as St. It is observed, that it is impossible that a nature properly divine should be begotten, since begetting, whatever Idea is annexed to it, must signify some kind of production, derivation, and inferiority; consequently, that whatever is produced must have a beginning, and whatever had a beginning was not from eternity, as Christ is said to be, Is
Perseverance - The Idea is inherent throughout the New Testament in the great interplay of the themes of assurance and warning. ...
The background setting for the Idea of perseverance blossomed out of the context of persecution and temptation. ...
But the perseverance of the saints is one of the great theological Ideas that needs to be reaffirmed in this era
Fear - ...
The fundamental and original Idea expressed by these terms covers a semantic range from mild easiness to stark terror, depending on the object of the fear and the circumstances surrounding the experience. ...
Fear of God or of his manifestations appears in the Bible either in the abstract, in which just the Idea of God alone generates this response, or in particular situations such as theophany or miracle, the occurrence or performance of which produces fear
Vengeance - If the Idea of wrath is associated with the use of the word, as in Romans 3:5; Romans 13:4, such ‘wrath’ (ὀργή) is the eternal righteousness or justice of God acting in harmony with His revealed will. The repetition of the quotation from Deuteronomy 32:35, in the form in which it comes to us in two such representative Christian writings as the Epistles to the Romans and the Hebrews, shows clearly that the Christian consciousness had grasped the Idea of punishment as in effect a Divine prerogative
Foot - Most of the metaphorical or figurative usages are connected with the Idea of the feet as the lowest part of the body, opposed to the head; hence falling at a man’s feet, as the extreme of reverence or humility, kissing the feet ( Luke 7:38 ), sitting at the feet, as the attitude of the pupil ( Luke 10:39 , Acts 22:3 ). ‘It seems impossible not to see in the word “bathed” a foreshadowing of the Idea of Christian baptism’ (Westcott, ad loc
Book With the Seven Seals - 5 stood alone, the sevenfold sealing might simply emphasize this Idea, but the successive opening of the seals implies that the leaves of the book or parchment-roll are sealed down in successive portions, and the Idea of completeness in the seven is thus referred to the history (cf
Acceptance (2) - In a good sense the Idea is expressed by εὐάρεστος, ‘well-pleasing’ (Matthew 3:17 ‘This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased’; cf. ...
As applied to our Lord Himself, the Idea of His acceptance both with God and man is of frequent occurrence in the Gospels
Angel - Of their appearance and employment we may form some Idea from the following passages, viz. Of their number some Idea may be inferred from 1 Kings 22:19; Psalms 68:17; Daniel 7:10; Matthew 26:53; Luke 2:9-14; 1 Corinthians 4:9; Hebrews 12:22
Creation - In either case the Idea of the eternity of matter is to be rejected, as contrary to sound reason and to the teachings of Scripture, Proverbs 8:22-31 John 1:1-3 Hebrews 11:3 . The six days there spoken of have usually been taken for our present natural days; but modern geological researches have given rise to the Idea that "day" here denotes a longer period
Purification - (ἁγνισμός, Acts 21:26; καθαρισμός, Hebrews 1:3; 2 Peter 1:9)...
Purification is an old-world Idea and Ideal. Man’s misery had taught him the need of being made fit, and so there lurked at the heart of tabu the Idea of an act of moral cleansing
Consecrate, Consecration - There can be no Idea of a moral development in character. Jesus is ‘perfected [5] for evermore’ in the sense that He is endowed with an experience of human suffering in life and in death (Hebrews 4:15); so A. Probably the literal Idea of εἴσοδος (= ‘entrance to a house’) is also symbolically present (cf
Inheritance - The two words most constantly used in this connexion denote the Idea of settled possession, but are quite indeterminate as to the manner in which that possession has been acquired. Consequently the inheritance of Canaan was not entirely devoid of the Idea of succession. It is not surprising that the Idea of inheritance soon acquired religious associations. The Idea of a restored inheritance suggested at once the glorious anticipations of the Messianic age, when the people, not by works which they had done, but by Jehovah’s grace, should recover that which they had lost; and renew the covenant that had been broken. As, moreover, the Messiah’s unique relation to the Father became more clearly defined, the Idea of His inheritance, connoting His unique primogeniture and universal supremacy, became enlarged and expanded
Growing - ’...
When the student turns to the NT, and to the Idea of growth which finds expression there, he finds that there is a greater affinity of conception between the inspired writers of both Testaments than there is between the writers of the NT and classical Greek writers. The underlying Idea. —It seems somewhat strange, since the OT is so full of religious teaching drawn from physical growth, that only in the one instance, quoted above, of our Lord’s childhood is a spiritual application of the Idea directly made in the Gospel narrative. Application of the Idea. —But if it is thought even by devout and careful students that such Ideas are more than may be gathered from our Lord’s actual utterances, those who treasured His sayings in the Apostolic age did not think so. Paul no longer use the Idea of growing as a metaphor
Redemption (2) - —In the OT the Idea of redemption is distinctively expressed by the two verbs נָּאֵל and פָּדָה, with their derivatives. A term related in Idea to ‘redemption’ is כֹּפֶר ‘ransom. ...
In the NT the terms by which the Idea is directly expressed are ἀγοραξω, ‘to buy’ or ‘purchase’ (1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23, 2 Peter 2:1, Revelation 14:3-4; Revelation 5:9—the last translation in Authorized Version , ‘redeem’), and its compound ἐξαγοράζω, used by St. Hence the affection with which Deutero-Isaiah dwells on the Idea of Jehovah as the נֹּאֶל, or ‘Redeemer’ of Israel. ‘The angel which hath redeemed me from all evil,’ says Jacob, in the earliest instance of the use of the word נָּאֵל, in Genesis 48:16; and again in Isaiah 63:9 we have, with the use of the same word, the like Idea: ‘In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them; in his love and in his pity he redeemed them,’ etc. There can be no question that a peculiar line of preparation for the NT doctrine lay in the development by Psalmists and Prophets of the Idea of the Righteous Sufferer. Here at length Prophetic and sacrificial teaching touch, for the language and whole Idea of the sacrificial ritual are taken over upon the Suffering Servant. The later Prophetic teaching is not without refrains of the same Ideas (Zechariah 13, Daniel 9:24 ff. we see how far the Idea of ‘redemption’ was from being confined to temporal deliverance from enemies. ), its acknowledgment of Him as ‘the Son of God,’ and the descent upon Him of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-22, John 1:31-34); and the Synoptics relate His Temptation, in which false Ideals of Messiahship were rejected, and His true vocation was definitely grasped and chosen (Matthew 4:1-11 ||). A broader method must be followed if Christ’s Idea of redemption is to be satisfactorily grasped. ...
It must impress us, then, that, in the Idea of redemption, or what corresponds to it, in the Gospels, the spiritual elements are prominent as they were not in the OT. John’s Gospel goes deeper, in explicitly affirming the need of regeneration (Luke 3:3; Luke 3:5), in laying more stress on the element of bondage in sin (Luke 8:33-34), and in giving greater prominence to the Idea of Satan as ‘the prince of this world,’ whose power over men has to be broken (Luke 8:44, Luke 12:31, Luke 14:30, Luke 16:11; cf
Diana - ...
The most important aspects of the Artemis cult for the NT are naturally those connected with the life of Nature, but the whole Idea of Artemis must be sketched as briefly as possible. Out of this conception the huntress Idea would naturally develop. And it seems that it was in connexion with this that the Idea of the goddess as a virgin arose. The application of the name Artemis to a goddess of the characteristics of the Ephesian divinity shows that this identification must have been made in very early times, before any Idea of virginity attached to the goddess among the Greeks
Patience - In Romans 9:22 the Idea of giving time for repentance is absent, and the word refers simply to God’s delaying punishment. ...
In conclusion, reference may be made to the fine development, on the basis of the apostolic teaching, of the Idea of Christian patience (ὑπομονή), which A. It is quite different from the Stoic Idea of apathy, which aims at the suppression of the pain due to the evil from which we suffer. But we can quote against the Idea that this joy is to exterminate the sense of pain not only the explicit confession in Hebrews 12:11, but also the example of Jesus and St
Patience - In Romans 9:22 the Idea of giving time for repentance is absent, and the word refers simply to God’s delaying punishment. ...
In conclusion, reference may be made to the fine development, on the basis of the apostolic teaching, of the Idea of Christian patience (ὑπομονή), which A. It is quite different from the Stoic Idea of apathy, which aims at the suppression of the pain due to the evil from which we suffer. But we can quote against the Idea that this joy is to exterminate the sense of pain not only the explicit confession in Hebrews 12:11, but also the example of Jesus and St
Manliness - This is due partly to the fact that the conventional Idea of manliness seems too poor a standard to apply to Jesus, and partly to the fact that the courage of Jesus is not often emphasized. The vigour and energy of a strong, well-disciplined body form the substratum of the world’s Idea of manliness. ...
There are three points which may be noticed in connexion with this analysis of the conventional Idea of manliness. (b) This Idea of manliness corresponds very closely to the Ideal of the perfect man of the Greek and Roman moralists. (c) This Idea or manliness corresponds very closely to the Ideal of manhood to be found in the Ethics of Evolution. Phrases such as the ‘survival of the fittest’ and the ‘struggle for existence,’ which suggest that men are engaged in a constant war from which only the conquerors emerge, indicate at once an Ideal of manliness of which self-assertion is the fundamental quality. How far do the character and teaching of Jesus agree with the worldly conception of manliness, and how far do they modify it?—Was Jesus a manly man according to the world’s Idea? To this the answer must be that His manliness can be vindicated in relation to all the qualities which go to make a manly man, but that allowance must be made for the very different Ideal in relation to which these qualities were exercised. ...
It is in regard to love of personal honour that the transcendent difference between the world’s Idea of manliness and the manliness of Jesus becomes apparent, just as also very varying views are to be found even among worldly men as to what honour really is. In later times the Society of Friends have been the most prominent adherents of similar Ideas
Covenant - Probably the covenanting parties eating together (which barah sometimes means) of the feast after the sacrifice entered into the Idea; compare Genesis 31:46-47, Jacob and Laban. In Hebrews 9:15-18 the gospel covenant is distinguished from the legal, as the New Testament contrasted with the Old Testament "Testament" is the better translation here, as bringing out the Idea of diatheekee , God's gracious disposal or appointment of His blessings to His people, rather than suntheekee , mutual engagement between Him and them as though equals. Thus the Ideas of "mediator of the covenant," and "testator," meet in Him, who at once fulfills God's "covenant of promise," and graciously disposes to us all that is His. Still, here and in the original (Exodus 24:8) quoted by Christ the Idea of testamentary disposition enters
Serpent - But while the uniform testimony of Scripture is with this subject, and the devil is continually called by the name of serpent through the whole of the Bible, and while the faithful in all ages have, without a single instance of departure, received no other Idea, it should seem the safest method to accept the good old way of translation, assured that if the fact had not been so, God the Holy Ghost would have taught the church accordingly. ...
It is worthy of farther remark, in confirmation, that the church all along considered the word (Nechash,) which is rendered in our translation serpent, to have been uniformly connected with the Idea of this beast; for we find, in the days of Hezekiah, that in his removing the brazen serpent which Moses had made, and calling it not immediately (Nechash,) but Nehushtan, thus playing upon the word, but still preserving the Idea of the thing itself the good old king plainly, proved what the judgement of the church concerning it was in his day
Captain - The context suggests that the Idea of a leader going before his saved ones (cf. Similarly when He is called τῆς πίστεως ἀρχηγός (Hebrews 12:2), the Idea is that of one who has led the way along the path of faith. In both cases the term ‘Captain’ may be unsuitable, since it is apt to suggest military images which had no place in the writer’s mind; but ‘leader,’ at all events, should be retained, since the Idea of leadership and not of authorship seems best to express his purpose (see Bruce, Expositor, 3rd ser
Go Down - Here the Idea of spatial movement is present, but in the background. There is also the Idea of the “descent” of the human soul into the realm of the dead. Again, the Idea is not of descending from something
Honor - 85:9 the Idea of richness or abundance predominates: “Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him; that glory [6] may dwell in our land. ” This Idea is repeated in Idea of a fullness of things including fortified cities, sovereignty (self-rule), and people. 5:13 this Idea of “honor” is represented by kâbôd: “… And their [7] honorable men are famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. 20:29 hâdâr focuses on the same Idea—an aged man’s mark of rank and privilege is his gray hair. The Ideas of glorious brilliance, preeminence, and lordship are included in hâdâr when it is applied to God: “Glory and honor are in his presence; strength and gladness are in his place” ( Purity (2) - Historically, the Idea has undergone great changes, and the terms by which it has been expressed have been applied to very different qualities, which to-day we should classify as physical, ceremonial, and moral purity,—qualities which have nothing necessarily in common. On the other hand, if the Idea in its highest significance be considered, it is singularly elusive, and therefore exact treatment is hardly practicable. In this way the Idea of purity had become increasingly artificial and external; till at last it became an obsession which went far to destroy the spontaneity of life, and to obscure the positive aspects of virtue and religion (cf. ...
The important point is to observe how Christ altered the significance of καθαρός and its cognates, correcting and deepening the Idea of purity which they served to express. So He gave His blessing to the ‘pure in heart’ (Matthew 5:8), setting the Ideal of purity which He would have His followers share with Him. The water-spring may be a fount of truth, or love, or life; it may be an aspiration, a resolve, an Idea; it may consist in an opportunity met with, or an experience felt; it may be a holy memory, or an act of worship; sometimes it will be the new perception of some beauty natural or moral, and sometimes an inborn faculty of service for others
Eschatology (2) - The Idealizing style of the Gospel. —It is clear that Jesus addressed people who had a perfectly distinct, though not accurately defined, Idea of an age or kingdom to come, which should follow on the consummation (συντέλεια, Matthew 13:39 f. ’ Yet, as this veneration for ancient prophecy was combined for the most part with political quiescence, it may perhaps be said that in the more reflective minds ‘Son of David’ and ‘Son of Man’ represented one heavenly Ideal. —Assuming this leading Idea of a Kingdom to come, heavenly in its origin and nature, we must now ask how the various matters preliminary to or accompanying its advent were conceived. ) had in view mainly (we cannot say exclusively) those Israelites who had sealed their fidelity to the law of Jahweh with their blood, but it may be taken for certain that, long before the time represented by the Gospels, all Idea of the blessings of the Kingdom being restricted to members of the holy nation who had suffered death for their fidelity (if such an Idea was ever entertained), had completely disappeared. Clark, 1904]'>[15] is dominated by a view of things in which the modern Idea that annihilation may be the fate of some men has no place. ) There is in the OT itself a marked, if not systematized, protest against the Idea that permanent detention in Sheol or Hades can be the fate of the righteous, who had found their portion in the living God (see esp. This caution applies specially to the relation of Hebrew thought to the mythological Ideas of Babylon or Egypt. The impregnation of the Hebrew spirit with Ideas coming from these sources dates in all probability from a much earlier period than the 6th cent. onwards) to place the peculiar stamp of the Jahweh faith on mythical Ideas or pictures, which in some cases it had carried with it since the days of its infancy in Mesopotamia. For perhaps about 100 years before Christ the Idea of separate compartments in Hades, for the godly and the wicked respectively, had more or less prevailed (see Apocalyptic Literature, esp. ), or said to the penitent malefactor (Luke 23:43), ‘To-day shalt thou be with me in Paradise,’ had He not been addressing people accustomed to the Idea that in the intermediate state, previous to the resurrection and the final judgment, moral distinctions were accorded a real, if incomplete, recognition. In our Christian minds, as with the NT writers, the Idea of the Resurrection is inseparably associated with that of the Judgment which follows it. The mundane element in the old Idea of a Prince of the house of David tends to disappear. a vengeance of Jahweh exercised upon all rebel Gentiles and upon the transgressors of the covenant in Israel), and if the collective unit of the nation was practically displaced by the individual, it is clear that the Idea of universal judgment must have come to have for its counterpart the Idea of universal resurrection
Simplicity - In the OT ‘simple’ is, with one exception, the translation of a word ( pĕthî ), whose root-idea is ‘openness. The Christian Ideal is ‘simplicity toward Christ’ ( 2 Corinthians 11:3 )
Witness - The primitive Idea of the Heb
Messiah - The rabbis got over the Messianic prophecies which prove Jesus to be Messiah by imagining a Messiah ben Joseph who should suffer, distinct from Messiah ben David who should reign; but the prophecies of the suffering and glory are so blended as to exclude the Idea of any but one and the same Messiah (compare Isaiah 52:7; Isaiah 52:13-14; Isaiah 52:15; Isaiah 52:53)
Firmament - At times the use of the word connotes the Idea of extension or expansion—thus the expanse of the heavens at creation
Island - Often the Idea of distant peoples and places is stressed by the parallelism (Isaiah 41:5 ; Isaiah 49:1 )
Fornication - While the Scriptures give no sanction to those austerities which have been imposed on men under the Idea of religion, so on the other hand, they give no liberty for the indulgence of any propensity that would either militate against our own interest or that of others
See - ) To perceive by mental vision; to form an Idea or conception of; to note with the mind; to observe; to discern; to distinguish; to understand; to comprehend; to ascertain
Diadem - ...
In Revelation 12:3 ; Revelation 13:1 ; Revelation 19:12 the diadem conveys the Idea of power and authority
Schools - Their Idea of the value of schools may be gained from such sayings from the Talmud as "The world is preserved by the breath of the children in the schools;" "A town in which there are no schools must perish;" "Jerusalem was destroyed because the education of children was neglected
Salt - It was probably with a view to keep this Idea prominently before the minds of the Jews that the use of salt was enjoined on the Israelites in their offerings to God
Tammuz - The Idea fabled was spring's beauties and the river's waters destroyed by summer heat (the river Adonis or nahr Ibrahim in spring becomes discolored with the heavy rains swelling the streams from Lebanon, which discoloration superstition attributed to Tammuz' blood); or else the earth clothed with beauty in the half year while the sun is in the upper hemisphere, and losing it when he descends to the lower (Ezekiel 8:14)
Foundation - In Psalms 11:3 ; Psalms 75:3 ; Psalms 82:5 , Ezekiel 30:4 , the Idea is applied metaphorically to the ‘fundamental’ principles of law and justice on which the moral order rests
Shewbread - The ritual is attested from an early date (1 Samuel 21:6), and was no doubt a survival from a primitive cultus in which the shewbread was regarded as the food of the deity, like the lectisternia of the Romans; but this Idea was ‘too crude to subsist without modification beyond the savage state of society’ (W
Age, Aged, Old Age - The Idea that ‘hale old age’ ( kelach ) is a blessing is expressed in Job 5:26 ; the contrast is furnished by the gloomy picture ( Job 30:2 ) of the ‘fathers’ whose old age lacks vigour
Son - ...
The Idea of sonship differs somewhat in the case of Christians from that of being 'children
Fire - The general Idea in 'fire' is that of judgement
Stones - If the reference be to Greek Ideas, the white conveys the Idea of acquittal, the stone that of election
Chain, Bonds - It differs apparently from δεσμοί in conveying the Idea of attachment rather than confinement
Salt - This Idea is found in Ezra 4:14 , where the opposers of the Jews say, "We eat the salt of the palace," as the passage is more literally translated: see margin
Absolution - Any Idea of authority given to fallible, uninspired men to absolve sinners, different from this, is unscriptural; nor can I see much utility in the terms ministerial or declarative absolution, as adopted by some divines, since absolution is wholly the prerogative of God; and the terms above-mentioned, may, to say the least, have no good influence on the minds of the ignorant and superstitious
Basket - It has been thought of: (1) as flexible, coming near the Idea of reticule or net; (2) as rigid: either braid-work (used especially of fish-baskets [1]), or wicker-work
Lord - '...
There is also in this title the Idea of administration which it is of great consequence to observe
Minister, Serve - In the manner of the modern “public servant” Idea, the word is used in reference to court officials and royal servants ( Satisfied, To Be - In its first occurrence in the Old Testament text, śâba‛ expresses the Idea of “being filled, sated”: “… When the Lord shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full …” ( Benediction - Hence, in the Romish church, benediction was used to denote the sign of the cross, made by a bishop or prelate, from an Idea that it conferred some grace on the people
Dancing - This statement may enable us to form a correct Idea of the dance, which the women of Israel performed under the direction of Miriam, on the banks of the Red Sea
Forehead - " The same Idea occurs also in Revelation 7:3
Under - ) Below or lower, in place or position, with the Idea of being covered; lower than; beneath; - opposed to over; as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole house
Word - An articulate or vocal sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by the human voice, and by custom expressing an Idea or Ideas a single component part of human speech or language. Take care to word Ideas with propriety
Purification, - The Idea of uncleanness was not peculiar to the Jew; but with all other nations simple ablution sufficed: no sacrifices were demanded
Consecration - )...
The Idea of consecration is common also in the New Testament
Begetting - The Idea of begetting, as applied in the natural or in a metaphorical or spiritual sense, is expressed in the Gospels by the common words γεννάω ‘to beget’ (which occurs in the LXX Septuagint as the equivalent of the Heb. ...
We may regard as the locus classicus of the theological or spiritual application of the Idea of begetting, as we find it in the Gospels, the well-known passage in the Prologue to the Fourth Gospel: ‘No man hath seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son (ὁ μονογενὴς υἱός),*
In view of this Messianic, spiritual application of the Idea referred to, the words of Psalms 2:7 have been supposed to allude to some typical king like David or Solomon, and the expression, ‘Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee,’ to denote an act performed by God on the person addressed, as by constituting him king, He had moulded his life afresh and set him in a special relation to Himself. ’ This might be accepted as a fairly adequate account of the Messianic Ideas held by the early disciples, and of the interpretation which they were likely to put upon the passage in the Second Psalm, when they studied it, as St. This notion of begetting is practically the Idea conveyed by the word ‘Messiah’ or ‘Christ’ itself, and by what Jesus Himself says, according to John 10:36, ‘Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?’ Lastly, the thought of begetting is applied in the sense of a Divine communication of life, as when the Spirit of God descended and abode upon Christ. Again, in all four Gospels the Idea of begetting is applied in an official or Messianic sense in connexion with Christ’s actual appearing among men and with His redemptive mission. In the Fourth Gospel this official aspect of the Idea of begetting in connexion with Christ is expressed in those passages in which Jesus speaks of Himself as One sent of God, and by that mission brought into a new relation to God and to mankind. The Idea—coming from heaven, being sent of God—is practically identical with that of ‘became flesh. This aspect of the doctrine of the Divine Sonship of Jesus is of great interest and importance in connexion with the Idea of ‘begetting,’ being the point at which the doctrine of the sonship of believers is linked on to that of the Sonship of Christ Himself. ’ The same Idea of the relation between the Divine descent of Christ, the Only-begotten of the Father, and the sonship of believers, is noted and emphasized in the First Epistle of John (in which the teaching of John’s Gospel on this subject is worked out in greater detail), as when we read, ‘If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him’ (1 John 2:29); and again, ‘Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God’ (1 John 3:9)
Vows - The underlying Idea in making a vow was to propitiate the Deity; this was done either by promising to do something for Him, or to please Him by the exercise of self-denial. ...
There are two words in Hebrew for a vow though they do not necessarily correspond to the two Ideas just mentioned: neder , which is a vow whereby a man dedicates something, even himself, to God; ’issar , a vow by which a man binds himself to abstain from enjoyment, or to exercise self-denial, in honour of Jahweh. From the expression used in connexion with the making of a vow, ‘to bind the soul’ ( Numbers 30:2 ), it would seem that the Idea was that if the vow was broken the life was forfeited to the Deity to whom the vow had been made; the warning, therefore, of Proverbs 20:25 , Exodus 5:5 (4), needed
Good, Goodness - The general biblical words for "good/ goodness" include this Idea of right behavior, although the Idea is often expressed by means of a more specific term like "upright/uprightness" or "righteous/righteousness
Hell - ...
Of the nature of this punishment we may form some Idea from the expressions made use of in Scripture. But in answer to this it is alleged, that the same word is used, and that sometimes in the very same place, to express the eternity of the happiness of the righteous, and the eternity of the misery of the wicked; and that there is no reason to believe that the words express two such different Idea, as standing in the same connection
Hell - ...
Of the nature of this punishment we may form some Idea from the expressions made use of in Scripture. But in answer to this it is alleged, that the same word is used, and that sometimes in the very same place, to express the eternity of the happiness of the righteous, and the eternity of the misery of the wicked; and that there is no reason to believe that the words express two such different Idea, as standing in the same connection
Breath - At times it is intensified by the Idea of a blast of breath. Ruach refers more to the psychological Idea of breath by relating it to one's own will or purpose
Purgatory - Scripture, in general, speaks of departed souls going immediately at death to a fixed state of happiness or misery, and gives us no Idea of purgatory, Isaiah 57:2 . If Christ died for us, and redeemed us from sin and hell, as the Scripture speaks, then the Idea of farther meritorious suffering detracts from the perfection of Christ's work, and places merit still in the creature; a doctrine exactly opposite to Scripture
Fame - Bacon, who left a Fragment on the subject, and who loved to quote the mythological Idea of Fame as the daughter of the angry Earth and the sister of the warring Giants, understood by the term disturbing Rumour—a thing dangerous to governments. Thus we may conclude that the Idea expressed by these terms was of an indefinite character
Galley - Mention is made of it by Isaiah, (Isaiah 33:21) Since navigation hath in modern times been carried to such an extent, the Idea of a galley with oars is not calculated to make much alarm. Who could have thought, that in the first attempt of joining a few rafters together to float around the creeks and shores of the sea, an Idea would ever have been started in the human mind, to venture into the open ocean; yea, and to cross the great Atlantic by means of any vessel constructed by human art? And even when long experience had found the measure practicable, and commerce opened her rich invitations to men of different countries and climates to barter with each other their traffic by means of shipping, what imagination was vast enough to have conceived the possibility of making such floating machines instruments for human destruction? Could it ever have entered into the heart of any man to conceive, that the time would arrive when nations would construct vessels of the magnitude we now behold them, stored with implements for war, and that they should meet on the mighty waters purposely for battle? The storms and tempests of the great deep are in themselves at times so tremendous, that the stoutest and strongest built ships are upon these occasions as nothing, when "men are carried up to the heavens, and down again to the depths; and the souls of the mariners are melted because of the trouble
Purgatory - The Scriptures, in general, speak of departed souls going immediately, at death, to a fixed state of happiness or misery, and give us no Idea of purgatory, Isaiah 57:2 ; Revelation 14:13 ; Luke 16:22 ; 2 Corinthians 5:8 . If Christ died for us, and redeemed us from sin and hell, as the Scripture speaks, then the Idea of farther meritorious suffering detracts from the perfection of his sacrifice, and places merit still in the creature; a doctrine exactly opposite to the Scriptures
Nail - The nail of Jael's tent with which she killed Sisera, is called יתד ; it was formed for penetrating earth, or other hard substances, when driven by sufficient force, as with a hammer, &c; it includes the Idea of strength. Their devices for this purpose, which, like every part of the structure, bore the character of remarkable simplicity, may not correspond with our Ideas of neatness and propriety; but they accorded with their taste, and sufficiently answered their design. These nails, therefore, were of necessary and common use, and of no small importance in all their apartments; and if they seem to us mean and insignificant, it is because they are unknown to us, and inconsistent with our notions of propriety, and because we have no name for them but what conveys to our ear a low and contemptible Idea
World - The Idea, however, is vouched for by earlier documents, Enoch, Jubilees, Assumption of Moses (see on the whole subject Bousset’s Religion des Judentums2, p. The notion of a period of time (emphatic in 1 Corinthians 7:31) is always implied; but the ruling Idea approximates to that which properly belongs to the κὀσμος, the organic system of terrestrial existence (e. ...
The Idea which underlies all the various uses of κόσμος is that of order or arrangement (as in the common Homeric phrases, κατὰ κόσμον = ‘in an orderly manner’; κατὰ κόσμον καθίζειν = ‘to sit in order’), and since the strongest impression of unvarying and reliable order in nature is given by the movement of the heavenly bodies, it was probably to this that the term was first applied in a more special sense. In Stoicism the Idea was further developed in a mystical and pantheistic fashion. In the latter the Idea of the Cosmos is specially prominent. ...
The simple pictorial phrase, ‘the heaven and the earth,’ by which the OT expresses the Idea of the visible creation as contrasted with the Creator, is still retained in the liturgical and rhetorical style (Acts 4:24; Song of Solomon 10:1; Acts 17:24), and for the sake of special emphasis (Ephesians 1:10, Philippians 2:10, Song of Solomon 8:1,; Colossians 1:20, Revelation 20:11; Revelation 21:1)
Creation - These two narratives, while expressing the same fundamental religious Ideas, differ profoundly in their concrete conceptions of the process of creation. Whether this chaotic matter owed its origin to a prior creative act of God is a question depending on a delicate point of grammatical construction which cannot be adequately explained here; but, looking to the analogy of the Babylonian Creation-story (see below), it seems probable that the chaos is conceived as pre-existent, and that the representation of the chapter falls short of the full dogmatic Idea of creation as production out of nothing, an Idea first unambiguously expressed in 2Ma 7:28 The work of creation then proceeds in a series of eight Divine fiats, viz. The Idea of man’s superiority to the other creatures is here expressed by placing his creation, not at the end as in P Minister Ministry - ...
The fact that we have no less than six sets of words to express the Idea of ‘minister’ and ‘ministry’ is strong evidence that there was as yet no regular organization of ministers with distinct titles indicating specific duties. The exceptions are Luke 1:2, 2 Corinthians 9:12-13,78 and 1 Corinthians 4:1, where the Idea of spiritual ministration is prominent. ...
The three remaining triplets are different, for all of them are frequently connected with the Idea of religious service. Paul calls heathen magistrates ‘servants (διάκονοι) of God’ (Romans 13:4); and all Idea of ignoble service is excluded when apostles are called διάκονοι (1 Corinthians 3:5, 2 Corinthians 3:6, Ephesians 3:7, Colossians 1:23). The whole triplet has for its root-idea the supplying of serviceable labour, whether to the body or the soul. ’ This passage is one of those which point to ‘the fundamental Idea of the Christian Church, in which an universal priesthood has supplanted the exclusive ministrations of a select tribe or class
World - The Idea, however, is vouched for by earlier documents, Enoch, Jubilees, Assumption of Moses (see on the whole subject Bousset’s Religion des Judentums2, p. The notion of a period of time (emphatic in 1 Corinthians 7:31) is always implied; but the ruling Idea approximates to that which properly belongs to the κὀσμος, the organic system of terrestrial existence (e. ...
The Idea which underlies all the various uses of κόσμος is that of order or arrangement (as in the common Homeric phrases, κατὰ κόσμον = ‘in an orderly manner’; κατὰ κόσμον καθίζειν = ‘to sit in order’), and since the strongest impression of unvarying and reliable order in nature is given by the movement of the heavenly bodies, it was probably to this that the term was first applied in a more special sense. In Stoicism the Idea was further developed in a mystical and pantheistic fashion. In the latter the Idea of the Cosmos is specially prominent. ...
The simple pictorial phrase, ‘the heaven and the earth,’ by which the OT expresses the Idea of the visible creation as contrasted with the Creator, is still retained in the liturgical and rhetorical style (Acts 4:24; Acts 14:15; Acts 17:24), and for the sake of special emphasis (Ephesians 1:10, Philippians 2:10, Colossians 1:16; Colossians 1:20, Revelation 20:11; Revelation 21:1)
Holiness - The question, therefore, arises—What is the primary meaning which underlies and connects these different applications of the word? If the fundamental Idea is , the progress of thought is from the negative to the positive, from men and things to God, from the cleansing which is an essential qualification for use in the service of God to purity as the central attribute of God Himself. But if the fundamental Idea is Divinity, separation becomes a derivative conception; the progress of thought is then from the positive to the negative, from God to external things and persons. Few will doubt the soundness of the inference which Westcott bases on his exposition of this verse and on his study of the words:...
‘Both ἁγνὸς and καθαρός differ from ἅγιος in that they admit the thought or the fact of temptation or pollution; while ἁγιος describes that which is holy absolutely, either in itself or in Idea. An excellent sketch of the probable history of the word, which assumes that its fundamental Idea is separation, is given in Sunday-Headlam’s Romans (note on 1:7); but it is acknowledged that ‘there is a certain element of conjecture … which is inevitable from the fact that the earlier stages in the history of the word had been already gone through when the Hebrew literature begins. ) maintains that the root-idea of the word is positive. ...
The holiness of God means, if the positive Idea is primary, His ‘essential Divinity. If it be said that this definition is vague, the reply is that ‘the Divine essence cannot he expressed in a single formula which is suitable for all stages in the development of the OT Idea of God. ’ It is a manifest advantage of this view that the evolution of the Idea of holiness finds its explanation in the historical evolution of the Idea of God. ...
The fact that the conception of holiness varies with the conception of God explains the occasional deterioration of the Idea. Holiness is ‘an Ideal state of perfection attained only by God’ (Jerus. Christ regards this all-sufficient knowledge of God as ‘an Ideal region of security,’ in which His disciples will be safe from harm. In these passages ἅγιος is applied to the Ideal Servant, in whose consecration, even unto death, God’s moral glory was revealed. ...
The stress laid on the positive Idea, which is probably the primary conception of holiness, may serve to guard Christians against the error of supposing that holiness may be acquired by withdrawals and negations, or by compliance with external regulations
Tree of Life - -There are three sources for our knowledge of the Idea of the tree of life: the OT, Jewish apocalypses and Jewish theology, and ethnic legends. It has been maintained, however, that in Genesis 2:9 the tree of life is a later addition, and was inserted only when the Idea of the under world had suffered such a change that immortality became an object of desire (K. -The dependence of the Idea of the tree of life in Revelation (Revelation 2:7; Revelation 22:2; Revelation 22:14) upon earlier, especially Jewish, conceptions is evident. It may suggest the present functions of the Church in respect of social ills, or imply that after the Parousia the citizens of the city will have a ministry towards those outside, or, yet again, indicate that the writer had not fully assimilated the Ideal proposed by Ezekiel (cf
Eve - Others suggest the Idea of man's subjugation of woman is introduced only after the fall when God describes the various forms of humiliation, enmity, pain, and drudgery that result from human rebellion against him (3:14-19). " Adam's comment reinforces the Idea that all of humanity constitutes a family, a family for which the unsavory consequences of human transgression and the possibility of human redemption are a common heritage. It cannot be used to support the Idea that no woman may ever teach or exercise leadership in the church (see Acts 18:26 ; Romans 16:1,7 )
Shame - ), though the prominent thought is that of sufferings, the Idea of shame and ignominy is undoubtedly present as well. Its essential Idea being φόβος ἀδοξίας, it looks only to the varying standard of public opinion, to what people would say, or might be conceived of as saying if they knew. ...
Shame may also follow an action; and here too the Idea is not the conviction of sin, but the confusion which comes from discovery, though this may be an element in a future awakening of conscience
Shekinah - the Midrash Rabbe to Genesis 44:8, in which the Shekinah is said to release the bound in Sheol);‡ [3] (b) 1 Peter 4:14 ‘the (Spirit) of glory and the Spirit of God’ (τὸ τῆς δόξης καὶ τὸ τοῦ θιοῦ πνεῦμα). Another example where the same Idea may be implicit is Matthew 18:20 ‘Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them’; compare with this Pirke Aboth iii. 2 Corinthians 6:16 ‘we are a temple of the living God,’ John 14:23 ‘we will come … and make our abode with him’) was probably suggested by the Shekinah-idea, which may also have influenced the language applied to Christ in Colossians 2:9 (‘for in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily’). ...
In the identification of the Shekinah and cognate conceptions with the incarnate Christ, ‘a use is made of these Ideas,’ as Dalman says, ‘which is at variance with their primary application
Comfort (2) - The Idea seems to be that sorrow weakens or shatters the whole system of the afflicted man, and that the dispelling of his grief braces him up anew. Among pious Jews the phrase had become a holy oath, Ita videam consolationem, etc. ’...
The Idea of future compensation for present sufferings is not wanting in the ‘consolation in Christ. The same Idea of a compensating ‘weight of glory’ for ‘light affliction which is but for a moment’ (2 Corinthians 4:17) is involved in the parable where Abraham says of Lazarus, ‘Now he is comforted’ (Luke 16:25)
Make - , peace, Ephesians 2:15 ; James 3:18 ; stumbling blocks, Romans 16:17 ; (c) with nouns involving the Idea of action (or of something accomplished by action), so as to express the Idea of the verb more forcibly (the Middle Voice is commonly used in this respect, suggesting the action as being of special interest to the doer); for the Active Voice see, e. , Mark 2:23 , of "making" one's way, where the Idea is not that the disciples "made" a path through the standing corn, but simply that they went, the phrase being equivalent to going, "(they began) as they went (to pluck the ears);" other instances of the Active are Revelation 13:13,14 ; 16:14 ; 19:20 ; for the Middle Voice (the dynamic or subjective Middle), see, e
Shame - ), though the prominent thought is that of sufferings, the Idea of shame and ignominy is undoubtedly present as well. Its essential Idea being φόβος ἀδοξίας, it looks only to the varying standard of public opinion, to what people would say, or might be conceived of as saying if they knew. ...
Shame may also follow an action; and here too the Idea is not the conviction of sin, but the confusion which comes from discovery, though this may be an element in a future awakening of conscience
Type - Word and Idea. of Jesus Christ), and where English Version renders ‘figure,’ the word is used at last in a doctrinal sense and the Idea of type and antitype comes clearly into view. ...
When once this Idea is accepted, however, it becomes evident that the NT uses of the word are far from exhausting the cases in which the Idea is present. In these and many other familiar passages which will have to be considered more particularly, the NT authors bring before us the Idea of type and antitype-the Idea that persons, events, and institutions of the OT represent, and were designed by God to represent, persons, events, and institutions of the Christian dispensation. Origin of the Idea. -The typological Idea, as it meets us in the NT, is not a peculiar or isolated phenomenon, but a natural outgrowth from the more general conception of the OT revelation as prophetic, and of Jesus and the gospel as fulfilling the hope and promise made to the fathers. Applications of the Idea by apostolic Christianity...
(1) The primitive circle. -Springing naturally out of the conception of the OT as prophetic of the Christian dispensation, and being justified by the language of Christ Himself, the Idea of type and antitype appears in the teaching of those who belonged to the original apostolic circle
Metaphor - ...
According to König, ‘Metaphor springs from the putting together of comparable instances of the material and visible and the Ideal spheres’ (Stilistik, Rhetorik, Poetik in Bezug auf die biblische Litteratur komparativisch dargestellt). ’ ‘According to my view,’ says König, ‘there is still an essential difference in method of expression when the sphere of existence of both Ideas that appear in the subject and predicate is the same, and when it is different. ’...
König divides metaphor into four classes: (1) both Ideas are in the inanimate sphere, such as the association of joy with light, and sorrow with darkness; (2) an Idea is taken from the inanimate sphere to the animate, e. the term ‘Rock’ applied to God (frequently in the Psalms and elsewhere in the OT); (3) both Ideas are in the animate sphere, e. ; (4) an Idea is transferred from the animate sphere to the inanimate, e. Closely connected with the last is the Idea of personification: e. This Idea, like that in Acts 17:28, ‘in him we live, and move, and have our being,’ may have come from contemporary philosophy. Sometimes his metaphors are plain and straightforward: sometimes he passes imperceptibly from what is metaphor to what is not, weaving Ideas into and out of one another in a way possible only for one who combined in such a rare degree spiritual freshness and intellectual subtlety. Paul is a sort of telescopic manner, in which one clause is as it were drawn out of another, each new Idea as it arises leading on to some further new Idea’ (Sanday-Headlam, Romans 5, p. The same Idea appears again in κατευθύναι τὴν ὁδὸν ἡμῶν, ‘direct our way’ (1 Thessalonians 3:11; cf. This Idea is found in Isaiah 11:5; Isaiah 59:17, Wisdom of Solomon 5:17-20. The explanation of the abrupt transition may be found ‘in the image, familiar to the Apostle, both from his occupations and his birth-place, of the tent of Cilician haircloth, which might almost equally suggest the Idea of a habitation and of a vesture’ (A. A bewildering variety of Ideas is suggested to him. Animistic Ideas lie deep in the naïve, popular consciousness’ (H. Meanwhile the other aspect of the metaphor is shown in the Idea of God as a Rock (because He remains faithful and abides). Paul, taking the Rabbinic legend, without necessarily accepting it as literal truth, blended with it the Ideas of the ‘speaking waters,’ the manna, and the everlasting rock of Isaiah
Justification - Abraham's response to this promise is the crux of the whole Idea of justification in the Old as well as in the New Testament. The elemental sense in which the Old Testament employs the Idea of “justifying” is best expressed in the phrase “proclaiming to be within the covenant relationship. ”...
New Testament The New Testament's posture, with respect to the Idea of justification, is also dependent on the concrete activity of God. James' Idea of faith summarily eliminated all instances of imagined belief which had no observable or corresponding behavior
Trinity - The Trinity is a biblical concept that expresses the dynamic character of God, not a Greek Idea pressed into Scripture from philosophical or religious speculation. ...
The Old Testament does feature implications of the trinitarian Idea. As a fresh expression of God, the concept of the Trinity—rooted in the God of the past and consistent with the God of the past—absorbs the Idea of the God of the past, but goes beyond the God of the past in a more personal encounter. This Idea, as well as the others, was challenged by Athanasius at Nicea (A. He began with the Idea of God as one substance and sought explanation of the Godhead in psychological analogy: a person exists as one being with three dimensions of memory, understanding, and will; so also the Godhead exists as a unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Elijah - He challenged Ahab, whose policies were designed to replace the Israelite Idea of kingship with the ancient Near Eastern concept of monarchy and royal law. ...
Like Amos in a later period, Elijah showed an astute social concern, emerging as a leader with strong ethical Ideals (1 Kings 21 ). This may have been because of his repentance, but probably was due to the Hebrew Idea of the extended self, taking for granted the cohesion of life and liability between generations. The reason for this may be his enigmatic rapture in 2 Kings 2:11 (the reward for his zeal for the law, according to 1 Maccabees 2:58 , ; which fostered the Idea of his sinlessness ), and the prophecy of his return in Malachi, which nurtured the Idea of him becoming a messianic figure from the heavenly kingdom who came to purify the priesthood. ...
Paul uses the rabbinic model of Elijah and the Idea of the remnant of Israel in Romans 11:2-5 (see 1 Kings 19:10-18 )
Advent (2) - It was not, however, till David’s prosperous reign, with its recognition of ruling power held in the name of Jehovah, had passed, and when the Idea of the theocratic kingship had been deeply implanted in the national consciousness, that the conception of the blessing to be looked for took definite shape. This was the blossoming out of the Messianic Idea. 167–135) the Messianic Idea entered on a fresh course of development. ...
We look in vain in the books of the Apocrypha for any expansion of these Ideas. 70–40), the Idea of a king of the Davidic line is once more revived. ...
Meanwhile the scribes were at work, hardening the Messianic Idea into scholastic form, and reducing the poetic language and bold imagery of the prophets to dogmatic statements and literal details, with the result, on the whole, of a restoration of the theocratic Idea that God was to vindicate His authority as the true Sovereign of the nation, and to send His vicegerent in the line of David to establish His law and introduce the rule of righteousness under His anointed King. He came to meet the great hope by fulfilling in their Ideal and spiritual significance the prophecies that had kindled and kept it alive. Leaving aside the merely earthly, time-coloured features that bulked so largely in the popular imagination, He entered the world to offer Himself as the true representative of God, in and through whom all that was eternal and most precious in the Messianic Idea was destined to be realized. It was even thought by many that He was hidden somewhere in obscurity, only waiting for a more penitent disposition in the national mind; and so inflamed was the common imagination with these Ideas, that popular excitement was easily aroused, and any bold spirit, rising in revolt against the existing state of things, could find a group of followers ready to believe in him as the one who should deliver Israel
Lord's Supper (ii) - ); (α) the event carried on and emphasized the Idea of a sacred meal, which, as a means of communion with God, had been profoundly impressed on the minds of the Jews by the sacrificial system. only); (b) the same Idea of a sacred meal as in the Feeding of the Five thousand. With the Feeding of the Five thousand and the Four thousand should be compared the meals after the Resurrection in Luke 24:30-31; Luke 24:35 and John 21:13, where, though neither appears to have been the Eucharist, the Idea of a sacred meal is maintained, and the phraseology should be noticed (λαβὼν τὸν ἄρτον εὐλόγησεν καὶ κλάσας ἐπεδίδου αὐτοῖς and ἑν τῇ κλάσει τοῦ ἄρτου in Luke 24:30; Luke 24:35, and λαμβάνει τὸν ἄρτον καὶ δίδωσιν αὐτοῖς, καὶ τὸ ὀψάριον ὁμοίως in John 21:13). By this conversation, the Idea of a sacred meal is carried further than it had been in the miracle itself. It must be remembered that (α) the Idea of communion with God by means of a sacred meal was familiar, as in many religious rites outside Judaism, so also in the literature and the religion which were well known to the disciples, as shown in the Levitical peace-offerings with the threefold division into the portion for God, the portion for the priest, and the portion for the worshipper (Leviticus 3; Leviticus 7:29-34); the bread and wine brought forth by Melchizedek, the ‘priest of God Most High’ (Genesis 14:18); the eating of the lamb in the Passover (Exodus 12); the meal of Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders in the presence of God (Exodus 24:1-11); the prophecy by Isaiah of the feast to be made by the Lord of hosts (Isaiah 25:6); and the invitations to a meal evidently of profound spiritual significance given by the personified ‘Wisdom’ of the Sapiential books (Proverbs 9:1-5, Sirach 24:19-21). (β) This Idea had been emphasized in our Lord’s ministry in the Feeding of the Five thousand and the subsequent discourse, and the disciples had been taught that in eating His flesh and drinking His blood they would have participation in Divine life (John 6:53-57). עשה, it acquires the Idea of ‘sacrifice’ or ‘offer,’ as, e. Consequently, the word ‘do,’ as used by our Lord at the Institution, is in itself wholly negative, and does not suggest or deny the Idea of sacrifice. In relation to the context, however, it will be held to be appropriate or inappropriate to the Idea of sacrifice according as the suggestion of sacrifice is recognized or ignored in the general surroundings of the Last Supper and in the words ‘covenant’ and ‘memorial. ) The primary thought suggested in the word ‘memorial’ (ἀνάμνησις) is that of a memorial before God, though without excluding the Idea of a memento to man. If so, the Idea differs little from that way of regarding the Eucharist in much Greek theology, whereby it is viewed as the act in which the Church remembers Christ and in remembering Him makes the memorial of Him before the Father
Sanctuary - The plural suggests the Idea of the sanctuary with all its parts: cp
Bestow - 1: δίδωμι (Strong's #1325 — Verb — didomi — did'-o-mee ) "to give," is rendered "bestow" in 1 John 3:1 , the implied Idea being that of giving freely
Resurrection - Locke's objection to the Idea of the same body is a mere quibble
Faithful - The root Idea is that one has fidelity toward another person or toward God
Benevolence - The desire of doing good unconnected with any Idea of advantage to ourselves is called disinterested benevolence, though some doubt, whether, strictly speaking, there be any such thing; as benevolence is always attended with a pleasure to ourselves, which forms a kind of mental interest
Grace - There are various senses in which this word is used in Scripture; but the general Idea of it, as it relates to God, is his free favour and love
Dwelling - The Old Testament Idea of God's dwelling with His people (Ezekiel 37:27 ) is developed in a variety of ways in the New Testament
Nicolas - If the view here stated be true, there were three stages in the advance towards the Idea of a Catholic Church: (1) the admission of Nicolas, a full proselyte, to office in the Christian Church, followed by the baptism of the Ethiopian eunuch, also probably a full proselyte ( Acts 8:27 ); (2) the baptism of Cornelius, a ‘God-fearing’ proselyte, i
Lutheran - A form of worship is used, based on the Mass but eliminating all Idea of sacrifice
Lutheranism - A form of worship is used, based on the Mass but eliminating all Idea of sacrifice
Right - -The Idea of ‘a right’ easily grows out of the foregoing
Sacrament - ...
There is strong biblical support for the theological Idea of an outward sign carrying an inward spiritual power
Banquet - The Idea of hospitality ran deep in the thought of those in the Near East (Genesis 18:1-8 ; Luke 11:5-8 )
Garlands - In accordance with this Idea, and probably also with a view to reaping the fruits of the religious excitement that had been aroused, the priest of Jupiter brought forth oxen and garlands to the gates of the city for sacrifice (v
Importunity - ’ Intermediate stages in the growth of the later signification of the word from this root Idea are marked by the now obsolete meanings ‘troublesome’ and ‘urgent
Prudence - The Idea of prudence, says one, includes due consultation: that is, concerning such things as demand consultation in a right manner, and for a competent time, that the resolution taken up may be neither too precipitate nor too slow; and a faculty of discerning proper means when they occur
Mortify - Paul is far from disparaging the necessity of wholesome self-discipline (1 Corinthians 9:27), the Idea, readily suggested by the associations of the word ‘mortify,’ of a gradual subjugation of the bodily appetites by the practice of bodily austerities, is here foreign to his thought
Positive - ) Derived from an object by itself; not dependent on changing circumstances or relations; absolute; - opposed to relative; as, the Idea of beauty is not positive, but depends on the different tastes individuals
Air - ) A musical Idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody; a tune; an aria
God - (Anglo-Saxon: god; ultimately from Sanskrit hu, to invoke, or hu, to sacrifice to) ...
There is nothing better on this subject than the following passage from Cardinal Newman's "Idea of a University," discourse III: ...
"I mean then by the Supreme Being, one who is simply self-dependent, and the only Being who is such; moreover, that He is without beginning or Eternal, and the only Eternal; that in consequence He has lived a whole eternity by Himself; and hence that He is all-sufficient, sufficient for His own blessedness, and all-blessed, and ever-blessed
Attend - To express this Idea, we now use the verb intransitively, with to, attend to
Hesychius (27) Illustris, a Writer - A comparison of the two will shew that the differences are too great to admit this Idea
Before - In presence of, with the Idea of power, authority, respect
Conduct - ...
But by custom, conduct alone is now used to express the Idea of behavior or course of life and manners
Gehenna - The NT writers employ the word in its general force as a synonym for the Idea of endless punishment for sinners, as over against ‘heaven’ the synonym of endless bliss for those who have enjoyed the resurrection
Gulf - The expressions ‘from afar’ ( Luke 16:23 ) and ‘a great gulf’ ( Luke 16:26 ) do not harmonize with the Idea of holding a conversation; and it seems plain that they form but subsidiary portions of a parable by which He means to teach a lesson of purely ethical import
Gall - This word is used in Scripture, variously, but in all it means to convey an Idea of great bitterness
Prince - Noth proposed the Idea that the nâśı̂y' was originally a tribal representative or a “deputy, chief
Keep, Oversee - The participial form has the meaning of “overseer, director,” reflecting the Idea that one who is pre-eminent or conspicuous is an “overseer
Clothe - ” The Idea seems to be that the Spirit of the Lord incarnated Himself in Gideon and thus empowered him from within
Preparation - It translates the word but not the Idea
Cherub, Cherubim - Consistent with the Idea of a cherub throne are the texts which envision God dwelling between, enthroned upon, or riding upon the cherubim (1 Samuel 4:4 ; 2 Samuel 6:2 ; 2 Samuel 22:11 ; 2 Kings 19:15 ; 1 Chronicles 13:6 ; 1 Chronicles 28:18 ; Psalm 18:10 ; Psalm 80:1 ; Psalm 99:1 ; Isaiah 37:16 )
Preparation - It translates the word but not the Idea
Rest - It may be assumed, therefore, that while the term means cessation from labour, it also covers the Idea of complacency in the result of the labour; and this thought probably underlies the institution of the sabbath; for it is clear from Psalm 95 and Hebrews 4 that it was in the thought of God that man should enter into His rest
Salvation, Saviour - ‘Salvation’ is the generic term employed in Scripture to express the Idea of any gracious deliverance of God, but specially of the spiritual redemption from sin and its consequences predicted by the OT prophets, and realized in the mission and work of the Saviour Jesus Christ. As the Idea of salvation becomes more spiritual, it likewise becomes more universal; the Gentiles are to share its blessings ( Isaiah 45:23-24 ; Isaiah 49:8-12 ; Isaiah 60:1-12 ). ...
The teaching of the prophets bore fruit in the age preceding the advent of Jesus in deepening Ideas of the future life, of resurrection and a future perfected state: of the connexion of prosperity with righteousness though mostly in the sense of outward legal obedience, the very error against which the prophets declaimed and in more concrete representations of the Messiah
Scribes - Probably this rule grew out of the Idea of an impartial judge ( Exodus 23:8 , Deuteronomy 16:19 ). Yet the mere Idea was ennobling, and must have served to enkindle devotion
Lord's Name Taken in Vain - They tremble at the Idea of murder, theft, adultery, & 100: while they forget that the same law which prohibits the commission of these crimes, does, with equal force, forbid that of profaning his name. "I would endeavour to give some faint Idea of the grossness of this offence by an analogy, (oh! how inadequate!) with which the feeling heart, even though not seasoned with religion, may yet be touched
Boasting - The Hebrew word mahalel [1] also conveys the Idea of chanting loud praises. These uses of kauchaomai [2] basically convey the Idea of "rejoicing" or "glorifying" as the word is translated in most versions
Saints - " In the history of the Old Testament religion, the Idea of holiness or separateness was inherent in the concept of God. ...
This Idea of the separateness of God and his people is carried forward in the New Testament, which was written by Jews (except possibly Luke-Acts) who interpreted God's covenant with Israel through the teachings of Christ
Edification - The two meanings indicated above are more apparent in Revised Version , where ‘building up’ is often employed to express the more general Idea, especially where, as in Ephesians 4:12, ‘the picturesqueness of the metaphor must be preserved’ (Armitage Robinson, Ephesians, 1903, p. The germ of the Idea is probably to be found in the saying of Christ (Matthew 16:18) concerning the building of His Church (Lightfoot, Notes on Epistles of St
Watch - ...
Mishmereth often is used to represent a more abstract Idea than mishmâr, whereas mishmâr means the units of Levites who served the Lord (perhaps with the exception of Idea alone appears in Divinity of Christ - Subsequent development of NT Ideas. The Person, when He came, did more than satisfy the old instinct by which men had hope, He reinforced and extended it: His advent not only accomplished the past promise, it gave earnest of greater things to come: He thus represented human Ideals indeed, but still more Divine Ideas. ’ It seeks by a study of the original records in the light of all the historical and critical aids now open to us, and guided by the modern Idea of evolution, not only to bring us face to face with Jesus of Nazareth, to listen to His direct words of wisdom, but to trace all the steps of His spiritual advance, all the steps by which He grew into the Messiah of Israel and the Ideal of humanity, giving the deepest interpretation to the prophetic dream of His nation, and so lifting it into that higher region in which the freely accepted Cross became the necessary means to the deliverance of man. The ‘Jesus of history,’ it is argued, has been buried in the ‘Christ of dogma’; the Church in handing down the Saviour has presented Him with adoring hands and in Idealized form. It proceeds on erroneous Ideas as to what we may learn from the past. We have to ask, Was the Christian Idea given in itself apart, in isolation, abstractly, and may this, as the ‘essence,’ substance, or soul of the gospel, be rediscovered? Or, on the contrary, was the Christian Idea planted as a Life in a company of believers who manifested its power in their lives, so that it cannot be reduced to an invariable essence except by an unreal process of abstraction? Cf. We proceed to indicate three such results: (1) a new Idea of the nature of Christian doctrine; (2) the insistence on the distinction between primary and variable elements in doctrines; (3) the deepened consciousness of the extent of variation. In that sphere of thought they have rigorously applied the Idea of development, not indeed for the first time (since John Henry Newman, fifteen years before Darwin’s Origin of Species was published, had fascinated their fathers by his use of the Idea), but with a more thorough insight than Newman, and with better tests, furnishing in consequence widely different results from his. Herein rests the real originality of His message, by which His gospel differentiates itself from all other religions on the one hand, and from all merely philosophical or ethical Idealisms on the other; in virtue of which also all interpretations of His Person on humanitarian lines prove inadequate. It is illegitimate to seek to resolve it into a creation of the religious Idealizing faculty of believers in Him. The beginning of Christianity is neither a theological Idea nor a moral precept; it is an experience of a Fact, the Fact of Christ, revealing and imparting the life of God. ‘That Jesus is the Christ’ is one of the dominating Ideas of the Gospels and Epistles. We can trace the stages by which the higher Idea was unfolded to them. It came in a series of disappointments, intended, probably, to wean them from the popular Ideas of what the Messiah should be. Hand in hand with this progressive disillusionment of all that was contrary to His thought in current Messianic Ideas went the progressive revelation of the true Messiah,—a revelation which became at once a testing and a discipline of the character of the disciples, and an unfolding of undreamt of forces in His; so that at last they fell at His feet and worshipped, while others acknowledged Him as ‘Lord and God’ (John 20:28); and still others plainly felt that He was ‘ascending to the Father’ (John 20:17). The main points under consideration are: (1) Did the Messiah Idea enter into His ministry at all? (2) If it did, when? From childhood? at baptism? at some later point in His ministry? and from what causes? (3) How did He conceive of His Messiahship? Was His conception complete at first, or the subject of development? (see art. They argue as if the belief had been first formulated and officially offered, so to speak, for their acceptance, a formal external Idea taken up because it had been put forth by Jesus as a scheme in which to frame His person; in the light of which they are to regard His life and words; exercising a prodigious influence on, and lending a force to, His words and a sanctity to His person beyond that which, but for it, they could possibly have had (cf. ...
(b) What has been adverted to finds illustration in another source of Christological Idea, the self-conscionsness of Jesus. Any adequate exposition of Christ’s Idea of His own nature will include the following features: His inter
Justification - It claimed to be an advance on the Catholic Idea, as more true to apostolic experience and more adequate to the sinner’s need. Grace on this view is a Divine substance,† [4] ex opere operato imparted, increased by man’s aid, dependent on faith and good works as co-ordinate in worth, all part and parcel of the same Idea, ‘the infusion of grace’-the novel feature in Catholic dogma. Its weakest features are the Idea of faith, which is limited to belief and trust in Christ’s satisfaction, apart from subjective appropriation of its experience through the indwelling Christ which faith makes possible, and the resulting unbridged chasm between justification and sanctification; and the lack of any really vital relation between the new status and the new character of the justified. The modern Idea of Divine immanence in Nature and man adds immeasurably to our perception of the nature of the human spirit, its workings, their relation to the Divine Spirit; and furnishes a key to the representation and reconstruction of inner soul-processes beyond the apparatus of the older theology. ]'>[7] (Luther) or Divine grace (Catholic); a ‘reckoning righteous,’ or a ‘making righteous’‡ Children of God, Sons of God - ’ The metaphor occurs twice besides in connexion with the genesis of the Idea of adoption in the mind of God, and with its complete realization in the future. ’ Of course we may read into these phrases the Idea of the universal Fatherhood of God; and the general tenour of Christ’s teaching, interpreted in the light of history, makes it certain that He meant to imply this. In the First Epistle the Idea recurs. John the birth from God involves the Idea of freedom from sin. John’s preference for the Idea of re-birth to speak of them as ‘children. The Idea of sonship finds little expression in the remaining books of the NT
Tares - for an explanation of the common Oriental but unscientific Idea that darnel is degenerate wheat. Matthew 13:27 and the following verse show that the Idea of wheat degenerating into darnel is foreign to the parable; the servants think of mixed seed, the master of an independent sowing of darnel. Still less is there any Idea in the parable that darnel may become wheat (B. The men addressed, whether the Twelve or the multitudes, were Jews, with the common Jewish Ideas of the Messianic Kingdom, and these Ideas Jesus was engaged in modifying and spiritualizing. (3) There was no background for the Idea of ‘Church,’ much less of Church discipline, in the disciples’ minds at this time. It is only at Caesarea Philippi (Matthew 16:18) and afterwards (only Matthew 18:17), that Jesus begins to introduce that Idea in a very rudimentary way, by what Aramaic word we know not. Weiss thinks that the Idea of gradual development is not in this or its sister parables
Family - The Idea of the family sometimes had an even wider significance, extending to and including the nation, or even the whole race of mankind. So also the same feeling for the Idea of the family is to be found in the careful assigning of a ‘father’ to every known nation and tribe ( Genesis 10:1-32 ). The gradual evolution in the OT of monogamy as the Ideal is therefore of the highest interest. Side by side with the growth of the recognition of monogamy as the Ideal form of marriage, polygamy was practised even as late as NT times. The children of the wife claimed the greater part, or the whole, of the inheritance; otherwise there does not seem to have been any inferiority in the position of the concubine as compared with that of the wife, nor was any Idea of illegitimacy, in our sense of the word, connected with her children. The father, on the other hand, had complete power over the lives and fortunes of his children, and would represent to them the Idea of authority rather than of tenderness
Priest - it is the regulating Idea in the contrast that the author works out with such elaboration between the Old and the New Covenants. The OT Idea that Israel was ‘a kingdom of priests unto God’ ( Exodus 19:5 ) is transferred in precise terms to God’s people under the New Dispensation. It is the same Idea, probably, that meets us in St. In particular, there is no trace in the NT of the later Idea that in the Lord’s Supper a sacrifice of propitiation is offered to God, much less that this sacrifice is presented through the mediation of an official priesthood
Conscience - ...
Why is there such a significant usage of this term by Paul when it seems almost nonexistent in the Old Testament? The Idea has been proposed that Paul's usage of suneidemsis was prompted by his debate with the Corinthian church. ...
A thematic survey of the occurrences of suneidesis [1] in the New Testament yield at least three major Ideas. The Idea of conscience as a judge or legislator in the sense of originating an opinion is a modern innovation. " Paul would hardly promote such an Idea! Rather, Paul's use of the fixed phrase "on account of conscience" actually means "ask no questions because it really isn't a matter of conscience and therefore is not open for debate
Lake of Fire - Hence the presence of the Idea in Jewish prophetic eschatology is held by many scholars to be due to Persian rather than to Babylonian influence. In Jewish eschatology we find three related conceptions, each possibly a different topographical setting of the same central Idea:...
(1) The conception of the Valley of Hinnom (נֵּיהִנּוֹם) as a place of fiery torment for the wicked during the Messianic Age; cf. Hades is not connected distinctly with the Idea of punishment in the Apocalypse
Apollonius of Tyana - ...
The question arises, Had Philostratus in the biography any Idea of attacking Christianity by setting up a rival to Christ? Hierocles, at the end of the 3rd cent. We are disposed to believe, without attributing to Philostratus any formal design of opposing or assimilating Christianity, that he was strongly influenced by its Ideas and history. Philosophy and magic, the search after knowledge and the search after power, were familiar to men who had never heard of Christianity; but this Ideal is different from either, and from both of them united. But by whom was Pythagoras portrayed as this superhuman Ideal? Not certainly by any writer of the centuries before Christ. ) does not set him up as an Ideal exemplar. The miraculous birth of Proteus, and the circumstances attending it; the healing of demoniacal possessions (was the Idea of such possessions in any way familiar to the Greeks?); the raising of the dead; the appearance of Apollonius to two of his disciples after his deliverance from Domitian; his ascent to heaven, and appearance after his death, these are points of similarity that cannot be evaded: and, taken together with the central Idea of the book, they seem to imply that Philostratus consciously borrowed from the Gospels
Everlasting Punishment - “Punishment” introduces the Ideas of wrongdoing and evil. Thus, to wrestle with the Idea of “everlasting punishment” is to grapple with notions of time, justice, evil, and the end of time
Cornerstone - Peter's use of the Idea is more complex, stringing three prophetic verses together ( Psalm 118:22 ; Isaiah 8:4 ; 28:16 )
Book - ...
The book of life (Psalm 69:28 ) suggests the Idea that as the redeemed form a community or citizenship (Philippians 3:20 ; 4:3 ), a catalogue of the citizens' names is preserved (Luke 10:20 ; Revelation 20:15 )
Deed, Deeds - " When used in the sense of a "deed or act," the Idea of "working" is stressed, e
Stumbling Block - Jesus was always a stumbling block (offence) to those who had a wrong Idea of his mission (Matthew 11:6; Matthew 15:12; Matthew 16:23; Mark 6:3; John 6:61)
Promise - In the New Testament, although the Idea of the covenant is present, there is little concerning oaths and vows
Everlasting Punishment - “Punishment” introduces the Ideas of wrongdoing and evil. Thus, to wrestle with the Idea of “everlasting punishment” is to grapple with notions of time, justice, evil, and the end of time
Matthew (Apostle) - If then we take the view that this James is neither the brother of our Lord, nor yet the same as James the Little ( Mark 15:40 ), and if we negative the Idea that ‘Alpæeus’ (Aram
Apostasy - Berkouwer is correct to refute the Idea that this sin against the Holy Spirit is a mysterium iniquitatis ("a mystery of sin"), a sin difficult, if at all possible, to define precisely in the Bible
Abomination - This word is used,
To express the Idea that the Egyptians considered themselves as defiled when they ate with strangers (Genesis 43:32 )
Lamb of God - It seems beyond doubt that these two Ideas must have been in the Baptist’s mind. Certainly this is the Idea underlying the expressions in John 19:36 and 1 Peter 1:19
Earnest - ...
In Scripture the Idea underlying this conception is frequently referred to
Garden - While not excluding the Idea of garden familiar in the West, its meaning in general is often nearer to that of our nursery-garden and orchard
Matthias - ...
There can be little doubt that the exact method by which the lots were cast was the ancient one by which the two names were put into a vessel, which was shaken until one of them leapt out, and that was chosen: the Idea of a ballot is of later date and not Scriptural (see Lots)
Day of the Lord - ), however, reverted to the same national thought of a ‘day of battle,’ in which Jehovah would conquer all Israel’s foes; and to some extent this same national Idea is represented by Joel ( Joel 2:18-27 )
Sarah - No man upon earth, untaught of God the Holy Ghost, would ever have had the most distant Idea of those things being shadowed forth in Sarah and Hagar's history, had not the Lord the Spirit so taught
Burden - In Matthew 11:30 Jesus gives utterance to the germ at least of the Pauline Idea of a new spirit of life in Christ Jesus, setting free from condemnation
Cellar - ...
Looking at the passage Luke 11:33 in the light of the connexion in which we find it in Matthew 5:14-16 and Mark 4:21, the Idea is that a course of concealment on the part of Christians is unreasonable, and contrary to the Divine design
Sychar - On the other hand "called" suits the Idea that Sychar is a Jewish nickname for Shechem
Take, Handle - 4:21, where it expresses the Idea of grasping something in one’s hand in order to use it: “… He was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ
Lord's Table, the; the Lord's Supper - The Idea connected with the Lord's table is the identification of the saints as one body with the death of Christ
Gilgal - The Idea, however, appears fanciful, and there is an essential difference between stones erected for memorials, and those used to mark sacred, or supposed sacred, places for worship
Again - " The Idea is "anew," for, though the bondage would be the same in essence and effect, it would be new in not being in bondage to idols but to the new Law
Will - In the second and third persons, the Idea of distinct volition, wish, or purpose is evanescent, and simple certainty is appropriately expressed; as, "You will go," or "He will go," describes a future event as a fact only
o'Phir - There is no mention, either in the Bible or elsewhere, of any other Ophir; and the Idea of there having been two Ophirs evidently arose from a perception of the obvious meaning of the tenth chapter of Genesis on the one hand, coupled with the erroneous opinion, on the other that the Ophir of the book of Kings could not have been in Arabia
Joy - Sin having come in, and man being thus, alas, alienated from God, his Idea of joy is to be as happy as he can make himself without God and away from Him
Heal, Healing - ...
A — 3: σῴζω (Strong's #4982 — Verb — sozo — sode'-zo ) "to save," is translated by the verb "to heal" in the AV of Mark 5:23 ; Luke 8:36 (RV, "to make whole;" so AV frequently); the Idea is that of saving from disease and its effects
Hand - ...
The references to “hand” in the Bible often encompassed the Idea of parts of a hand. ...
The phrase “into someone's hand” was used figuratively to convey the Idea of authority involving responsibility, care, or dominion over someone or something (Genesis 9:2 )
Teach - ...
The Idea of “to throw” is easily extended to mean the shooting of arrows ( Ideal. ” This adjective forms an exact equivalent to the New Testament Idea of “disciple, one who is taught
Dispensation - Darby (1800-1882) picked up on her Idea and began to make use of it in his sermons. ...
Darby set forth the Idea that God has set up seven time periods called dispensations for His work among human beings
Laying on of Hands - This ceremony, of frequent occurrence in both OT and NT, is a piece of natural symbolism with the central Idea that through physical contact the person performing it identifies himself with the other in the presence of God. In NT, while it is variously employed, the general Idea is always that of blessing
Clean, Unclean, Common - It arose out of a good Idea, but when separated from this Idea grew into a proud national badge
Burnt-Offering - The ‘ôlâh is connected with a root meaning ‘to ascend,’ the Idea being, probably, that the essence of the sacrifice ascended to heaven in the smoke; kâlîl, with a root meaning ‘to be complete,’ an Idea reproduced in the LXX Septuagint translation
Adoption - Some Old Testament traditions approach the Idea that Israel's relationship with God was that of an adopted child (Exodus 4:22 ; Deuteronomy 14:2 ; Hosea 11:1 ), though the Idea is never stated explicitly (compare Romans 9:4 )
Doubt - It suggests the Idea of perplexity; of being at a loss, in a state of suspense. There is no question in these passages of the apprehension of religious truth; the Idea suggested is rather that of being taken aback, disturbed, distracted, by the unintelligible and the unexpected
Regeneration - -A study of the NT Idea of regeneration does not mean, of course, simply an examination of the passages in which that particular metaphor occurs, but a consideration of the theory which the NT writers held as to the nature of the experiences which they found in themselves and in their converts. No movement can ever be so original that it is entirely independent of the Ideas and conditions of its day. ]'>[3] Of course the documents that present these Ideas so fully belong for the most part to a period not earlier than the end of the 2nd cent. This is not to say that Christianity borrowed its Ideas from paganism at the same time that it felt the most intense revulsion against the idolatries, but only that certain common religious thought-forms concerning miraculous purifications and transformations were current, and Christianity inevitably expressed its own new-born faith in the language of the day. If, then, in the non-Jewish world Jesus was proclaimed as the Son of God, who had become incarnate, had died the sacrificial death, had risen from the dead and ascended into heaven, was coming again to give immortality to His followers, it would be quite in accord with the religious Ideas of the time to believe that an acceptance of these redemptive facts would constitute one a child of God, and would avail to secure the gifts of the Spirit, which would be the attestation of having passed from death unto life. There was thus developed the Idea that regeneration produced a complete change of nature, an Idea which neither common human experience nor scientific psychology supports. Hence the Idea of the regeneration of infants, very easily held by those who believe in the possibility of a supernatural change of nature, does not appear in the NT. -The Idea of regeneration, strictly so called, does not appear in the words of Jesus in the Synoptic tradition. However, there is here the essentially similar Idea, as throughout the NT, that the saved man is one who has received the gift of the Holy Spirit. ’ It is the case, familiar enough in some form to most of us, where all one’s ethical Ideals reinforced by education lead in one direction, while the strength of many habits and even of primitive instinct (if ἐπιθυμία in Romans 7:7 is to be understood as ‘lust’) impel one in another direction. Some new Idea with very high emotional quality is essential to secure the concentration of attention on the nobler course of conduct. The new Idea has the emotive power necessary to make his ethical Ideals actually attainable, and so he comes into the experience of the peace of the unified self (Romans 7:24-25; cf. An element of this new Idea that has strong emotional value is the belief that there awaits the victor in the conflict an eternity of splendid peace in the full enjoyment of all those experiences for which now he must contend so hardly (Romans 8:15-17). The transformation has thus taken place, that ethical Ideals are no longer merely intellectually conceived, but have gained an emotional quality that renders the inhibition of contrary tendencies easy and natural (Romans 8:2). Thus in Romans 12:2, using the word ἀνακαίνωσις, very near akin to the Idea of regeneration, he calls upon his readers to make a complete change for the better
Logos - To this Logos philosophy Plato’s doctrine of Ideas had contributed, and afterwards the Stoic view of the Logos as the rational principle of the universe. John, it is supposed, simply appropriated this teaching, and by means of an Idealizing treatment of Christ’s life constructed in his Gospel a philosophical treatise on the doctrine of Philo. But he undoubtedly used the term because Philo had made it familiar to Græco-Jewish thought as a means of expressing the Idea of a mediation between God and the universe, and also because he himself had received certain formal influences from the Philonic philosophy (see, e. More and more it becomes impossible for the careful student of this book to treat it as a philosophical romance in which a purely Idealizing treatment is given to the figure of Jesus; more and more the substantial historical truth of the presentation becomes evident. The attempt has been made to distinguish between the Logos doctrine in the Prologue as Hellenic, and the Gospel itself as Palestinian; and it has been maintained that the influence of the Logos Idea does not extend beyond the Prologue, and that it was merely intended to introduce to Greek readers the story of the Jewish Messiah with a view to making it more attractive and intelligible. It is very noticeable that in John 20:31 , where, before laying down his pen, the writer reveals the motive of his work, he really sums up the great Ideas of the Prologue as he declares that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing we may have life through His name. The Logos Idea underlies the whole Gospel, and has much to do with the author’s selection of his materials. The first of these Ideas, as has been said, is one that we find already in the Pauline Epistles and in Hebrews; but by his emphasis on the relations of Fatherhood and Sonship St. But it is above all for a soteriological purpose that he seems to employ the Logos Idea. But, while the Logos Idea ‘illuminates the history with the light of eternity, it can reveal eternity to us only in the ligbt of history, not in its own supernatural light’ ( PRE Eternal Fire (2) - The Idea of punishment by fire comes from the OT. But there are passages which at least suggest the extension of the Idea and its imagery to the future world. The scene of this judgment is, in all probability, the Valley of Hinnom, regarded by the Jews as a place accursed on account of its Molech sacrifices; and the fires which were kept burning, through which the victims passed, would readily suggest the Idea of Gehenna and its eternal fire. Nor can it be allowed in passages like Isaiah 66:24 if Cheyne’s interpretation is accepted; since undying worms, preying on souls or bodies that are being consumed by unquenchable fire, is an impossible Idea. ’ If Christ’s purpose had been to call attention to the duration of each, then ‘endlessness’ is the Idea emphasized
Invitation - This is one of the reasons why He clothed so many of His doctrines in parables and figures centred in the Idea of hospitality. Thus the human side of Christ’s teaching forms an Ideal channel for its Divine contents. The central Idea of hospitality is that one gives freely what the many receive and enjoy ‘without money and without price. Jesus justifies this Idea of a one-sided benefit by nearly always making use of a simile of feasting in which a superior invites his inferior to a banquet. Religion has no room for the Idea of spiritual compulsion. The Idea of an invitation thus merges into that of response; and it is important to notice that great stress is laid on this side of the question in the parables
Majesty (2) - ...
A comparison of the uses of μεγαλειότης in Luke 9:43, Acts 19:27, and 2 Peter 1:16 raises a doubt whether ‘majesty’ is the most adequate rendering of the word in the first and third passages, and whether ‘magnificence’ (as in Acts 19:27 Authorized and Revised Versions ) or ‘splendour’ would not more correctly reproduce the original Idea. The evidence of the LXX Septuagint also points in the same direction; for while μεγαλειότης is used in Jeremiah 33:9 to translation חִּפְאָרָת (Authorized Version ‘honour,’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘glory’)—a word which is usually rendered by δόξα—the terms ordinarily taken to express the Idea of greatness or majesty are μεγαλωσύνη and μεγαλοπρέπεια (e. ...
With this Idea of Christ’s miracles, or of His miraculous being, as an effulgence of the Divine splendour or magnificence, compare the statement of John 2:11 that by the miracle of Cana Jesus ‘manifested his glory’ (ἐφανέρωσε τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ). The Idea of Christ as seated at God’s right hand, which is so frequent in the NT (Matthew 26:64 ||, Acts 2:33; Acts 7:55 f. The Idea is that of His exercise of a supremely exalted office as the Great High Priest who is the Mediator between God and men. The earlier tendency, inspired without doubt by prevailing ascetic Ideals, was to fasten upon the words of Deutero-Isaiah with reference to the Suffering Servant (Isaiah 53:2-3), and to represent Jesus as utterly devoid of all beauty and dignity of face or form
Abiding - The Scottish ‘manse,’ self-contained, modest, and secure, would be a nearly exact equivalent if it carried with it more than the Idea of a dwelling-house; yet neither it nor ‘mansion’ has any correspondent verb. The leading Idea is that of steadfast continuance. ...
As soon as the student turns from the Synoptists to the Johannine literature, the Idea of ‘mansion’ (one could wish it were a theological term) becomes full, luminous, and suggestive. The Evangelist presses the Idea not only of intimate relationship, but also of resultant power and blessing. But while the connexion is thus somewhat precarious to the reader, certain great Ideas or conceptions of the Abiding stand luminously forth for the devout mind. ]'>[5] Christ speaks of Himself as the true, the Ideal Vine
Gnosticism - It was an attempt to Incorporate Christian with Jewish and Pagan Ideas in solving the problems of life. ...
There is a constant danger, which has not always been avoided, of reading back into isolated NT expressions the Gnostic Ideas of the 2nd century. This may or may not have been true, but at any rate there is absolutely nothing in Acts 8:1-40 to suggest even the germ of the Idea. ...
It is necessary to consider carefully the main Idea of gnosis , ‘knowledge,’ in the NT. In the term epignosis we have the further Idea of ‘full knowledge’ which marks the ripe, mature Christian. Hort ( Judaistic Christianity) , on the other hand, sees nothing but Judaistic elements in the Epistle, and will not allow that there are two independent sets of Ideas blended. The stress laid upon epignosis in later books of the NT, Pauline and Petrine, and the marked prominence given to the cognate terms in 1 John, clearly indicate the importance placed on the Idea by Apostolic writers as a safeguard of the Christian life
Abiding - The Scottish ‘manse,’ self-contained, modest, and secure, would be a nearly exact equivalent if it carried with it more than the Idea of a dwelling-house; yet neither it nor ‘mansion’ has any correspondent verb. The leading Idea is that of steadfast continuance. ...
As soon as the student turns from the Synoptists to the Johannine literature, the Idea of ‘mansion’ (one could wish it were a theological term) becomes full, luminous, and suggestive. The Evangelist presses the Idea not only of intimate relationship, but also of resultant power and blessing. But while the connexion is thus somewhat precarious to the reader, certain great Ideas or conceptions of the Abiding stand luminously forth for the devout mind. ]'>[5] Christ speaks of Himself as the true, the Ideal Vine
Person of Christ - The title Messiah (‘Christ’), familiar to Jewish religion from Psalms 2:1-12 , denotes in general the anointed Head of the Kingdom of God, the new King of a redeemed people; and Jesus, retaining the outline of the traditional Idea, infused into it a new spiritual meaning, which, as applied to Himself, signified that He was not a new Teacher or Lawgiver or even the Founder of a new faith, but the Bearer and Finisher of divinely wrought salvation. But it is to be observed that He did much more than modify the ancient Idea ethically; He superseded it by unheard-of personal claims. Furthermore, while the Idea of a suffering Messiah may not have been altogether unknown to Rabbinical theology, it was Jesus who first made it current spiritual coin. Whether in Daniel 7:13 ‘one like unto a son of man’ denotes the Ideal Israel or an Idealized person, it is hard to say, but the exegetical probabilities are decidedly in favour of the former explanation. Nothing can be more likely than that Jesus was familiar with this circle of Ideas; and in practically every case His use of the title is intelligible only if it denotes an individual. It is quite un-Biblical to interpret the title as equivalent to ‘the Idea of man’ or ‘the Ideal man’; this conception is Hellenic rather than Jewish, and though it is embodied in the character of the Son of Man as realized in Jesus, it is not strictly present in the name. What we judge to have really happened is this: taking the title freely as given in Daniel 7:1-28 , and possibly influenced by the Similitudes of Enoch or kindred Ideas, Jesus began by using it to mean special or representative humanity as appointed to transcendent glory and dominion; but later He defined and enriched this meaning in a singular way by introducing the Idea of suffering. Thus, breaking the bounds of the past, Jesus poured into the name a significance of His own, outstripping all previous Messianic Ideals, as, e. Yet this seeming contradiction, far from being fatal to the internal coherence of the Idea, is really constitutive of it. This is not merely a new Idea; the new Idea is the expression of a new fact. Yet the Idea of sinlessness is not one with which we can dispense. When we think out the Idea of sinlessness, however, and consider how adult manhood rises with organic continuity out of childhood and infancy, we can hardly escape the inference that Jesus’ stainless life had from the first a different personal content from ours. The very fact that the eternal Divinity of Christ could thus be held and interpreted without recourse to the Idea of virgin-birth proves that that Idea did not arise as a psychologically inevitable religious postulate, and may therefore claim to have genuine tradition behind it
Atonement - Whatever the origins or ethnic associations of sacrifice, it is indisputable that sacrifice in the OT has a peculiar meaning, in accordance with the Ideas of God and His holiness above indicated. Up to the Exodus, we have only the generic type of the burnt-offering; the Exodus itself gave birth to the Passover, in which blood sprinkled gave protection from destruction; at the ratification of the Covenant, peace-offerings appear with burnt-offerings ( Exodus 20:24 ; Exodus 24:5 ); finally, the Levitical ritual provided a cultus in which the Idea of atonement had a leading place. That the propitiatory Idea in sacrifice goes back to early times may be seen in such pictures of patriarchal piety as Job 1:5 ; Job 42:7-8 ; while an atoning virtue is expressly assumed as belonging to sacrifice in Matthew 10:1-42 . ...
It is in the Levitical system that all the Ideas involved in OT sacrifice come to clearest expression. The Epistle to the Hebrews admirably seizes the Idea of the system. It has absolutely nothing to do with the Ideas that underlay heathen rites, but rests on a basis of its own. It rests in all its parts on the Idea of the holiness of God, and is designed throughout to impress on the mind of the worshipper the sense of the separation which sin has made between him and God. (2) Is the Idea, then, as many hold, that the blood represents a pure life put between the sinful soul and God an innocent life covering a polluted one? In this case the death is held to be immaterial, and the manipulation of the blood, regarded as still fresh and living, is the one thing of importance. The basis of it is in the Idea of the Righteous Sufferer, which is seen shaping itself in the Prophets and the Psalms (cf. But in the picture of the Servant of Jehovah in Is 53 a new Idea emerges. Here at length the Ideas of prophecy and those of sacrificial law coincide, and, though there is no second instance of like clear and detailed portraiture, it is not difficult to recognize the recurrence of the same Ideas in later prophecies, e. It is certain that, in the time of our Lord, even if, as some think, there were partial exceptions, the great mass of the Jewish people had no Idea of a suffering Messiah, or thought of any connexion between the Messiah and the sacrifices. The main task of Jesus on earth was to reveal the Father, to disclose the true nature of the Kingdom of God and its righteousness, in opposition to false Ideals, to lead men to the recognition of His Messiahship, to recover the lost, to attach a few faithful souls to Himself as the foundation of His new Kingdom, and prepare their minds for His death and resurrection, and for the after duty of spreading His gospel among mankind. From the hour of His definite acceptance of His vocation of Messiahship in His baptism, and at the Temptation, combined as this was with the clear consciousness of a break with the Ideals of His nation, Jesus could not but have been aware that His mission would cost Him His life. The class of expressions in which this Idea is set forth is familiar: Christ ‘bore our sins,’ ‘died for our sins,’ ‘suffered for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous,’ ‘was made sin for us,’ was ‘the propitiation for our sins,’ was ‘a sin-offering,’ ‘reconciled us to God in the body of his flesh through death,’ was our ‘ransom,’ procured for us ‘forgiveness of sins through his blood,’ etc
Immutability of God - The biblical Idea of immutability is couched in the constancy of God's self-revelation to humanity: He is holy (Joshua 24:19 ), jealous (Exodus 20:5 ), zealous, (Isaiah 9:7 ), beneficent (Psalm 107:1 ); and righteous (Exodus 9:27 )
Self-Surrender - The military metaphor underlying the Idea of ‘surrendering oneself’ is suggestive. It depends upon the point of view whether the Christian Ideal of life is described as the life of self-surrender or as the life of self-development. ‘Every real sacrifice is at the same time self-preservation, namely, preservation of the Ideal self’ (Paulsen, System of Ethics , p. ‘To yield oneself up as the organ of a higher spirit which disposes of us as may be fit constitutes the mystic Ideal of perfect life’ (Martineau, Types of Ethical Theory , ii
Tithes - ...
In the OT two Ideas lie at the root of the custom; the more antique apart from its position in the Bible is that which regards the offering of a tenth to the Deity as His due, owing to His being the Supreme owner of the land and all that it brings forth, or that feeds upon it (Leviticus 27:30-33 ); here the underlying thought is that of propitiation, if the Supreme owner does not receive His due, His blessing will be wanting another year. The other Idea, which is obviously a later one, is that of thankfulness for the blessings received ( Genesis 28:20-22 ); the tithes were given in recognition of what the Giver of all things had accorded to His worshippers
Canticle of Canticles - They deride the Idea of Solomon parading his amours in such fashion; but Solomon is not parading himself or his wives or his amours
Sight - I beg the reader to connect this Idea all along with what is said concerning this feature of character in the Lord Jesus Christ giving sight to the blind, for, it is literally giving eyes also, and consequently a new creation
Recompence, Recompense - 2, "to give back as an equivalent, to requite, recompense" (the anti expressing the Idea of a complete return), is translated "render" in 1 Thessalonians 3:9 , here only in the NT of thanksgiving to God (cp
Hypocrisy - The evangelical hypocrite, whose religion is nothing more than a bare conviction of sin; who rejoices under the Idea that Christ died for him, and yet has no desire to live a holy life, Matthew 13:20
Testament (2) - The following considerations are supposed to have influenced their choice:—(a) διαθήκη represented essentially a ‘one-sided covenant,’ συνθήκη (the ordinary word) a mutual one; (b) διαθήκη was charged with religions Ideas, inasmuch as the Greek will conveyed the religious institutions as well as the property of the family (cf. Yet the Idea of a ‘new covenant’ had been the theme of OT prophets (cf
Exhortation - It seems, however, that there are some, who, believing the inability of man to do any thing good, cannot reconcile the Idea of exhorting men to duty, being, as they suppose, a contradiction to address men who have no power to act of themselves
Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani - Perhaps the most serious difficulty of this view is that it raises the question of whether the Idea of God the Father turning His back on the obedient Son is consistent with the general biblical teaching of the steadfastness and faithfulness of God
Ruler - The word ‘ruler,’ however, generally represents ἄρχων or some derived word, and the general Idea behind ἄρχων is that of a magistrate of a city, whereas ἡγεμών, suggests rather a governor of a country (see Government)
Samos - The Revised Version rendering, ‘touched at Samos,’ conveys the Idea of a stoppage, which is not implied in the Greek (παρεβάλομεν εἰς Σάμον, Acts 20:15)
River - "Brook" in the KJV has too much the Idea of placidity
Obligation - " ...
But I confess this has a difficulty in it to me; because it carries with it an Idea that if a man should by his habitual practice of iniquity be so hardened as to lose a sense of duty, and not perceive the reasons why he should act morally, then he is under no obligation
Enoch - ’ The Idea here suggested that because of his perfect fellowship with God this patriarch was ‘translated’ to heaven without tasting death (cf
Brothers - Basic to this Idea is the notion that the tribes and nation of Israel descended from a common father
Hedge - The tragedy of Jesus and the hedges was that He wanted them rooted up, while the chief priests hated the Idea of their removal (Matthew 21:45)
Answer - This word may be applied to a great variety of objects, expressing the Idea of a return as the notes, or sounds of birds, and other animals an echo, &c
Gallicanism - Ecclesiastical Gallicanism was a consequence of the Great Western Schism, during which the Idea of the pope's supremacy was badly obscured
Calf, Golden - There was the same worship in Egypt with the bull Apis, which was said to represent the god Osiris; this may have suggested the Idea to the Israelites of making a calf
Sceptre - By sceptre we connect with the Idea some insignia, or staff of office; but as the same word is used in Scripture in a very different sense as well, it certainly merits our attention, may not confine it to the one meaning take it in both
Sealing - The Idea of sealing is distinct from that of being born of the Spirit, as well as from that of being led of the Spirit after He has been received
Andreas Samosatensis of Samosata - His own letters give us a high Idea of his sound, practical wisdom, readiness to confess an error, and firmness in maintaining what he believed right
Cenchreae - 67, Nero, impressed by an Idea which had previously commended itself to greater minds-notably to that of Julius Caesar-made an abortive attempt to cut a canal across the Isthmus, a piece of engineering which was not accomplished till the end of the 19th century (1881-1893)
Crown of Thorns - , where this Idea is finely worked out)
Firmilianus (1), Bishop of Caesarea - To Firmilian the see of Jerusalem appears to be the central see, so far as such an Idea arises
Aristarchus - While the Idea in the Apostle’s mind may be that Aristarchus, like himself, was taken captive by Jesus Christ, it is more probable that Aristarchus shared St
Lukewarmness - To overcome such a state of mind, we should consider how offensive it is to God: how incongruous with the very Idea and nature of true religion; how injurious to peace and felicity of mind; how ungrateful to Jesus Christ, whose whole life was labour for us and our salvation; how grievous to the Holy Spirit; how dreadful an example to those who have no religion; how unlike the saints of old, and even to our enemies in the worst of causes; how dangerous to our immortal souls, since it is indicative of our want of love to God, and exposes us to just condemnation, Amos 6:1
Barbarian - By and by the word came to be used as descriptive of all the defects which the Greeks thought foreign to themselves and natural to all other peoples, but the first and the main Idea conveyed by the term is that of difference of language
Measure - ...
Mâdad can express the Idea of extending, stretching: “And he stretched himself upon the child three times …” (1 Kings 17:21)
Dianius, Bishop of Caesarea - After two years he recalled Basil, and declared that he had signed the creed of Rimini in the simplicity of his heart, hoping to restore peace to the distracted church, with no Idea of impugning the faith of Nicaea
Enemy - This Idea includes “those who show hostility toward me”: “But mine enemies are lively, and they are strong; and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied” ( Surety - But this does not appear to be the precise Idea which the Apostle has in view in the above passage
Beast - The Idea of a "beast" of prey is not always present
Common, Commonly - ...
(3) Tunchano, "to happen," is used as an adjective in Acts 28:2 , of the kindness shown by the people of Melita to the shipwrecked company; AV, "(no) little;" RV, "(no) common;" the Idea suggested by the verb is that which might happen anywhere or at all times; hence, "little, ordinary, or casual
Palm Tree - In 1Ma 13:51 we read of the bearing of palm branches as the sign of triumphant rejoicing an Idea also implied in their use in John 12:13 and Revelation 7:9
Solomon, Song of - They deride the Idea of Solomon parading his amours in such fashion; but Solomon is not parading himself or his wives or his amours
Song of Solomon - They deride the Idea of Solomon parading his amours in such fashion; but Solomon is not parading himself or his wives or his amours
Election, - ...
Another error that has caused a difficulty as to 'election ' is the Idea which some maintain that as some are ordained to eternal life, others likewise are fore-ordained by God to perdition, called 'reprobation
Author - " But the word does not necessarily combine the Idea of the source or originating cause with that of leader
Create, Creation, Creator, Creature - ...
Note: It is a significant confirmation of Romans 1:20,21 , that in all non-Christian Greek literature these words are never used by Greeks to convey the Idea of a Creator or of a creative act by any of their gods
Hell - Although this Idea of hell may be true for the word gehenna, it is not true for other biblical words translated ‘hell’
Interpretation - The Idea that dreams were a means of communication between the Deity and men was also current amongst the Hebrews from a very early date. The present writer is of opinion that neither explanation does full justice to the author’s Idea
Reverence - It is used in the parable of the Wicked Husbandmen (Matthew 21:37, Mark 12:6, Luke 20:13), where the Idea is that even those who had ill-treated the servants might show proper respect and honour to the Son. In some passages δοξάζειν, ‘to glorify,’ is used in a rather suggestive way to set forth the Idea of giving reverence to (as in Matthew 6:2; Matthew 9:8, Mark 2:12, Luke 5:25-26; Luke 7:16, John 8:54; John 17:1-4), where hypocrites seeking glory of men, people of different sorts giving glory to God, the Father glorifying the Son, and the Son giving glory to the Father, are alluded to
Zeal - -Both OT and NT insist on the zeal of God for man, the direct opposite of the Epicurean Idea. ) come spiritual conceit, the Idea that we have ‘whereof to glory’ (Romans 4:2) even toward God; the showy religionism of the Pharisees (Matthew 23:5); the love ‘to have the pre-eminence’ (3 John 1:9), and that envy which is ‘the rottenness of the bones’ (Proverbs 14:30)
Virgin, Virgin Birth - In these instances the word means girl, although the Idea of chastity may still be involved. There is no thought of sexual relations between God and Mary, an Idea which can be found in some pagan religions where the deities were thought of as engaging in such practices
Issue of Blood - The Idea may have been modified before NT times, and yet would remain at least as a vague undefined repugnance and fear (see W. The Idea that healing power was resident in the body of Jesus, comparable to a charge of electric energy, is not to be entertained
Blessedness (2) - —Though the word ‘blessedness’ itself is never found in the recorded utterances of our Lord nor in the pages of the Gospels, the Idea conveyed by it is very frequent. אַשְׁרֵי ‘O the happiness of’), and constitutes one of the clearest and most common terms whereby to denote the Ideal of Israel’s highest hopes. ...
Blessedness may therefore be regarded as one of the forms under which our Lord presented the character of His kingdom, and so it becomes an illuminative Idea whereby to read the whole Gospel narratives
Draw-Net - ...
What conception of the Kingdom of Heaven is indicated by the parable? The parable may be said to be an expansion of the Idea contained in ‘fishers of men. And it is in Idea universal (‘gathered of every kind’), tending to include all I men within its bounds
Offer - In all these instances personal involvement is suggested; the Idea is not simply being close to something (someone) but being actively and personally involved with it (him). This Idea first appears in Righteousness - It has been justly remarked that the development of the Idea of righteousness in OT moves in the opposite direction to that traversed by the Idea of holiness. The Messianic King, who would be the Ideal judge, would he ‘swift to do righteousness’ ( Isaiah 16:5 ), would ‘judge the poor with righteousness’ ( Isaiah 11:4 ), and would have ‘righteousness for the girdle of his loins’ ( Isaiah 11:5 ). ( b ) From the forensic use is readily developed the general meaning ‘what is right,’ ‘what ought to be’ [3]
Repentance - " Most critical theologically is the Idea of returning to God, or turning away from evil. The Septuagint underlines this Idea by usually translating sub by epi ( apo- )strepho [1] (to turn about, or to turn away from). ...
Included also in the Old Testament is the Idea of "regretting" something
Service - —There are 5 words which with their derivatives are used to convey the Idea of ‘service’ in the NT: λειτουργεῖν, λατρεύειν, ὑπηρέτης, διάκονος and δοῦλος. This Idea is fully indicated in such passages as Romans 15:16, Philippians 2:17, and in connexion with διακονία in 2 Corinthians 9:12. This Idea of service as the law of the Kingdom of God was no new one in Jewish thought. ’ Both He who through suffering should redeem the people, and the people themselves, Idealized as they were in the vision of the seer, were to serve
Judaizing Christians - ...
For accomplishing these purposes, it was requisite that their Messiah should be invested with temporal power; and in this Idea, which so many circumstances in their history tended to endear to them, they were confirmed by those passages in the books of their prophets which described him as destined to sit on the throne of David, to sway a righteous sceptre, and to establish an everlasting kingdom. He, indeed, uniformly represents the Idea which he opposed as inconsistent with Christianity, as an Idea which could not be held without detracting from what our Saviour has done to accomplish our redemption
Pharisees - The working capital of the Jews was the monotheism of the prophets, the self-revelation of God in His character of holy and creative Unity, and, inseparable from this, the belief in the perfectibility and indestructibility of the Chosen Nation (the Messianic Idea). The more zealous Jews drew apart, calling themselves the ‘Holy Men’ ( Chasîdîm ), Puritans, or those self-dedicated to the realization of Ezra’s Ideal. ...
The history of Pharisaism enables us to understand its spirit and ruling Ideas, to do justice to its greatness, while emphasizing its limitations and defects. And when the reader goes through his NT with this point in mind, and when he notes the striking freedom of the NT from ritualistic and sacerdotal Ideas, he should give credit to Pharisaism as one of the historical forces which made these supreme qualities possible. It was they who, for the most part, prepared the ground for Christianity by taking the Messianic Idea and working it into the very texture of common consciousness. Now, it was the Pharisees who made Idealized nationalism, based upon the monotheism of the prophets, the pith and marrow of Judaism. Though they stood for the spiritualizing tendencies which looked towards the existence of a Church, the Pharisees never reached the Church Idea
Clean And Unclean - No doubt in later times the Idea was artificially exploited in deference to the exigencies of ambition and avarice on the part of chiefs and priests, to the distrust of innovations (cf. But even after the growth of such refinements, Ideas and rules survived which can be explained only as relics of primitive and even primeval taboo customs. Similarly the origin of the conception of holiness may be seen in the Idea that it is transmissible by contact ( Exodus 29:37 ; Exodus 30:29 , Leviticus 6:27 , Ezekiel 44:19 ), or in the penalty for meddling with a holy object ( 1 Samuel 6:19 , 2 Samuel 6:7 ); whilst allusions to ritual uncleanness occur frequently in Ezekiel, and the legislation on the subject forms a large part of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. In some cases these Ideas may have arisen in protest against historical developments of Hebrew custom. ...
The word ‘clean,’ it may be remarked, conveyed originally no positive Idea. Later thought, however, confused the two Ideas (cf. The time when marriage is consummated was especially dangerous, and this Idea is clearly seen in Tob 8:1-3 , though this instance is unique in Jewish sacred literature. Finally, the abstinence from eating the sinew of the thigh, which in Genesis 32:32 is explained by a reference to the story of Jacob, may have originated in the Idea that the thigh was the centre of the reproductive functions. The same Idea would probably cause the abstinence from eating beasts of prey, carrion birds, and animals which had died without being bled ( Ezekiel 4:14 , Exodus 22:31 , Leviticus 17:15 ; Leviticus 22:3 ). ...
The kinsmen of a dead man were usually also unclean; Hosea 9:4 points to a similar Idea among the Jews. He denounced it energetically ( Luke 11:38 , Matthew 15:10 ), and, by insisting on the supreme importance of moral purity, threw ceremonial Ideas into a subordinate position. But its scope is very narrow, and it is the custom to explain such ritual regulations as survive, on grounds that accord better with the spirit of Christianity and the Ideas of civilized society
Holy Spirit - The actual scope of this Idea, however, was circumscribed by the fact that the nation’s portion in God was based upon the Law. This excludes the Idea of a Divine work manifesting itself in the inner life of man. Those facts show clearly how far the primitive Church’s belief that it was guided by the Spirit of God transceaded the prevailing religious Ideas of contemporary Judaism. The prophetic Idea that the Spirit would be given to all. -The conception of the perfected community connoted also the Idea-derived from prophecy-that in it the Spirit would be vouchsafed to all. This Idea likewise was ratified by the life of Jesus, inasmuch as He placed His relation to His disciples wholly under the law of love. The same Idea appears in St. Moreover, even if in that age the Gosper still clung closely to the Jewish expectation of the Messiah, dissociating the working of the Spirit from the present, and assigning it wholly to the coming dispensation-the Idea being that the Spirit would raise from the dead all who had been baptized into Christ-yet, even on that hypothesis, the preaching of Christ must still have embraced the promise of the Spirit
Redemption - ’ The series ‘ransom,’ ‘ransoming,’ ‘Ransomer’ might on this account serve better as equivalents of the Greek words currently employed by the apostolical writers to convey this Idea. No words provided by the Greek language could convey more distinctly the Idea which we commonly express by the term ‘ransoming. In the former case the stress falls so strongly on the Idea of ransoming that the mind tends to rest exclusively on the act of purchasing or the price paid. In the latter it rests so strongly on the Idea of deliverance that we are tempted to forget that an act of ransoming is assumed as its procuring cause. He speaks of giving His life as a ransom ‘for,’ or rather ‘in the place of,’ ‘instead of,’ ‘many,’ the preposition (ἀντί) employed emphasizing the Idea of exchange, or, we may say shortly, of substitution. ’ The term employed for ‘ransom’ here is a strengthened form (ἀντίλυτρον), in which the Idea of exchange, already intrinsic to the simple form (λύτρον), is made still more explicit. This Idea having thus been thrown into prominence in the term itself, the way was opened to add an intimation of those with whom the exchange is made by means of a preposition which indicates them as beneficiaries of it (ὑπέρ). ...
It is only an elaboration of the central Idea of this declaration when Paul (Titus 2:14), stirred to the depths of his being by the remembrance of all that he owes to ‘our great God and Saviour, Jesus Christ,’ for ‘the epiphany of whose glory’ he is looking forward as his most ‘blessed hope,’ celebrates in burning words the great transaction to which he attributes it all: ‘who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a people for his own possession, zealous of good works. ’ If we should be tempted to suppose that, therefore, the term ‘ransomed,’ as here used, has lost its implication of purchase, and become the exact equivalent of the ‘deliver’ of Galatians 1:4, Peter at once undeceives us by emphasizing precisely the Idea of purchasing. The main point to observe is that Peter feels no incongruity in blending the Ideas of ransom and sacrifice. The blending of the Ideas of ransoming and expiation is complete; the ‘blood of Christ,’ in working the one, works also the other
Flesh - Implicit in this is the Idea that humans do not have flesh, but are flesh. In 2:31 "flesh" clearly refers to Jesus in his wholeness, but with the important Idea added that in his wholeness he survived death. In other examples the Idea present is that of limitation, in which the flesh or the sphere of the flesh is contrasted with the divine sphere (1:13; 3:6). The uniquely Pauline understanding begins from the Idea that flesh, as weak, becomes the gateway to sin (Romans 8:3 ; 2 Corinthians 12:7 ; Galatians 4:14 )
Simple, Simplicity - ‘one and the same’); the fundamental contrast is between one and more than one; and only in similis and its derivatives does it branch out into the Idea of likeness. The former, transferred to the moral sphere, gives the Idea of purity, genuineness; the latter, that of singleness, openness, frankness, straightforwardness, simplicity, candour, artlessness. Other English senses of the word, as well as the Idea of purity above, do not properly come under this head in the Gospels. The same Idea is expressed pointedly in Luke 10:20 (‘rather rejoice that your names are written in heaven’) and Luke 10:42, where the one thing needful is to listen to Him
Salvation Save Saviour - ...
σωτηρία (‘salvation’), used in the Gospels for spiritual deliverance in general, but connected with the Idea of salvation through the Messiah (Luke 1:69; Luke 1:71; Luke 1:77; Luke 19:9, John 4:22), occurs for the deliverance from Egypt in Acts 7:25, for deliverance from death in shipwreck in Acts 27:34, for the deliverance of Noah in Hebrews 11:7. Idea of salvation. This may be seen with regard both to the actual words relating to salvation and to different expressions of the Idea. The same three aspects-a past gift, a present possession, a future inheritance-are to be traced also in regard to eternal life, redemption, the gift of the Holy Ghost, and the Kingdom of Heaven, phrases which afford different expressions of the Idea of salvation. In the rest of the NT the Idea of what is future preponderates
Thessalonians, First And Second, Theology of - Such Ideas are constructs from outside the letters themselves. So strategic is this Idea in 1Thessalonians that some scholars have pondered whether in principle the entire epistle should be categorized as a "Letter of Consolation. But since there was no precise literal equivalent of the Idea in Revelation, they inserted it between chapters 3,4 of that book. First, the concept of an immortal "soul" is a Greek Idea, which in the theory has been imported into the Christian theology of the resurrection. Neither Idea is necessarily compatible with Paul's thinking elsewhere or with his use of figurative language here. But Paul does use the sleep Idea here to call them from a lack of involvement to authentic life while they are still alive on earth (cf
Joy (2) - —In the Greek of the NT there are two verbs, with their corresponding nouns, used to express the Idea of joy. ...
The word ἀγαλλιᾷν conveys rather the Idea of exultation or exuberant gladness, and is a favourite with St. Thus at the very outset the Idea of joy attends the prophecy of even the harsher ministry of John the Baptist. In the interpretation of the parable of the Sower we are told: ‘He that was sown upon the rocky places, this is he that heareth the word, and straightway with joy receiveth it’ (Matthew 13:20), a striking characterization of the temper of those who eagerly adopt a new Idea, but are just as ready to exchange it for some more recent fashion. ...
While the passages above examined contain most of the instances in which the words ‘joy’ or ‘rejoice’ are used in the Gospels, there remain very many passages in which the Idea is prominent
Star (2) - 1906) on ‘The Gospel Narratives of the Nativity and the alleged influence of heathen Ideas. On Jewish ground we have already seen the same Idea at work in connexion with the birth of Moses in the Midrash passage cited above. ]'>[13] ...
This Idea may have influenced those NT passages where Jesus is represented as the ‘Morning Star’ (Revelation 22:16; Revelation 2:28), though it must be remembered that the angels are described symbolically in the Bk. A similar conception meets us in 2 Peter 1:19 (‘Take heed unto the lamp of prophecy until the day dawn, and the day-star [1] arise in your hearts’), and, in fact, the essential Idea is present in all those passages of the NT which speak of the spiritual illumination that accompanies the revelation of the Messiah (cf. ]'>[15] ...
The association of the Idea of light with the Messiah and the Messianic age was well established in Jewish Literature. This Idea is founded on—or, at any rate, finds classical expression in—Isaiah 60:1 f
Hair - "So particular were they on this point that to have neglected it was a subject of reproach and ridicule; and whenever they intended to convey the Idea of a man of low condition, or a slovenly person, the artists represented him with a beard
Leo Xiii, Pope - Among Leo's great encyclicals are those dealing with socialism, capital and labor, Christian marriage, Freemasonry, the Christian basis of political life, and the true Idea of liberty
Vision - The earlier prophets had already attained to the Idea of vision as inspired insight, of revelation as an inward and ethical word of God ( Isaiah 1:1 ; Isaiah 2:1 etc
Fight - 1; in regard to the meaning there, the evidence of Koine inscriptions is against the Idea of games-contests); to strive as in a contest for a prize, straining every nerve to attain to the object, Luke 13:24 ; to put forth every effort, involving toil, Colossians 1:29 ; 1 Timothy 4:10 (some mss
Easter Day - It is worthy of notethat "the Idea of sunrise is self-evident in the English nameof the Festival on which the Sun of Righteousness arose from thedarkness of the grave
Father's House - It is a short step to the Idea of heaven as God's dwelling where there is ample room for the disciples
Philippians, Letter to the - ...
Developing the Idea of Christian completeness, Paul shows that it comes not from lawkeeping, but from the power of the living Christ within (3:1-16)
Nature - The Idea came from the word physis from Hellenism
Ungodliness - , in the Pastorals to express practical religion, both as faith and morals within the sphere of the Church, is un-Pauline and represents a stage of development entirely subsequent to the Apostle, it is argued that, even if there be a fresh emphasis on piety within the sphere of the Church in the Pastorals, the Idea is one that might naturally have come to St
Work - It is therefore natural to speak of the Christian minister as the ἐργάτης whose Ideal is to produce nothing which will shame him (2 Timothy 2:15). It suggests the Idea of an athlete undergoing great fatigue (see J
Inwards, Inward Parts - The same Idea is found in Genesis 41:21 , where EV New - Word used in the New Testament to contrast and compare both the quantitative concept of the recent with the former and the qualitative Idea of the better with the inferior. ...
Two words are employed in the Greek New Testament to convey these Ideas
Simplicity - the members of the primitive Church-‘did take their food with gladness and singleness of heart’) the same Idea is expressed by another phrase-ἀφελότητι καρδίας-the figure suggested being that of a field clear of stony ground (ἀ + φελλεύς)
Alexandria - , his Alexandrine education would familiarize him with Philo's Idea of the word as the mediating instrument of creation and providence; and John the Baptist's inspired announcement of the personal Messiah would enable him to "teach accurately the things of the Lord" up to that point, when Aquila's and Priscilla's teaching more perfectly informed him of the whole accomplished Christian way of salvation
Sign - ) Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifles, or represents, an Idea; a type; hence, sometimes, a picture. ) A word or a character regarded as the outward manifestation of thought; as, words are the sign of Ideas
Gallus (11), Abbat, the Apostle of Switzerland - The sermon he preached at John's consecration is extant in Latin—a wonderful specimen of Irish erudition, simple yet full of vigour, learned and devout, giving an abstract of the history of God's dealings from the creation, of the fall and redemption, of the mission of the apostles and calling of the Gentiles, and ending with a powerful appeal to Christian faith and life, which gives some Idea of the state of the corrupt and barbarous society he was seeking to leaven
Misrepresentation - How often in society, otherwise respectable, are we pained with narrations in which prejudice warps, and self-love blinds!...
How often do we see that withholding part of a truth answers the worst ends of a falsehood! How often regret the unfair turn given to a cause, by placing a sentiment in one point of view, which the speaker had used in another! the letter of truth preserved, where its spirit is violated! a superstitious exactness scrupulously maintained in the under parts of a detail, in order to impress such an Idea of integrity as shall gain credit for the misrepresenter, while he is designedly mistaking the leading principle! How may we observe a new character given to a fact by a different look, tone, or emphasis, which alters it as much as words could have done! the false impression of a sermon conveyed, when we do not like the preacher, or when through him we wish to make religion itself ridiculous! the care to avoid literal untruths, while the mischief is better effected by the unfair quotation of a passage divested of its context! the bringing together detached portions of a subject, and making those parts ludicrous, when connected, which were serious in their distinct position! the insidious use made of a sentiment by representing it as the opinion of him who had only brought it forward in order to expose it! the relating opinions which had merely been put hypothetically, as if they were the avowed principles of him we would discredit! that subtle falsehood which is so made to incorporate with a certain quantity of truth, that the most skilful moral chemist cannot analyze or separate them! for a good misrepresenter knows that a successful lie must have a certain infusion of truth, or it will not go down
Noble - The Idea of superior power is also suggested here (cf
Die - This Idea is especially clear in the Creation account, in which God tells man that he will surely die if he eats of the forbidden fruit ( Body, Bodily - " In its figurative uses the essential Idea is preserved
Lamp - Bildad expresses the same Idea in the following beautiful passage: "Yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine
World - Aion, "duration," thus used of time past, Luke 1:70, of time present, with the Idea of evil, both moral and physical
Quit - It does not necessarily include the Idea of abandoning, without a qualifying word
Catch - This verb conveys the Idea of force suddenly exercised, as in Matthew 11:12 , "take (it) by force;" Matthew 12:29 , "spoil" (some mss
Meet, Meet With, Met - "It seems that the special Idea of the word was the official welcome of a newly arrived dignitary" (Moulton, Greek Test
Adoption - ...
Christians as God’s sons...
The New Testament develops the Idea of adoption more fully, showing that God makes repentant sinners his sons
Deliver - Traditions and doctrine are also "delivered" to others (Mark 7:13 ; Acts 6:14 ; Romans 6:17 ; 1Col 11:2) with the Idea that those who receive them will take possession of them as valuable commodities. ...
The dominant Idea in the New Testament is God's deliverance from humankind's greatest fears: sin, evil, death, and judgment
Resurrection - ...
Paul's discourses on the nature of the resurrected body broadens the Old Testament Idea of a restored Israel to include the redemption of persons complete with bodies. He recognizes no truth in the Greek Idea of a separation of body and soul
Kill - The Idea that the ancient Akkadian term shachashu (“to flay”) may be related appears to have some support in the special use of shâchaṭ in 1 Kings 10:16-17: “beaten gold” (see also Idea of “killing, slaughter
Pleroma - The same Idea is expressed in the phrase ‘the fulness of the seasons’ ( Ephesians 1:10 RVm Trinity - Paul has not the faintest Idea of contradicting his Jewish monotheism. There can be no doubt that, however and whenever the Trinitarian Idea was formulated, it arose in immediateconnexion with the monotheism of Judæa; and the Apostles, Jews though they were, in stating so unmistakably the Godhead of Jesus Christ, are never once conscious of teaching anything inconsistent with their most cherished Ideas about the unity of God. By the Trinity, therefore, we mean the specific and unique Christian Idea of the Godhead. The foundation of the Christian Idea of the Godhead is that of the One Supreme Almighty Spirit whom we worship, to whom we pray, from whom we receive grace, and whom we serve. The Christian Idea of the Trinity may be summed up in the familiar words: ‘The Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God. But the Christian Idea is of God as at once transcendent and immanent
Incarnation - It is in their moral Idea of God that we shall find anticipations of the Incarnation. Without unduly pressing such particular points as the plural form of Elohim (God), or the triple repetition of the Divine name ( Luke 24:44-48 , Numbers 6:23 ), it may at least be said that the Idea of God in Jewish monotheism is not a bare unit, and ‘can only be apprehended as that which involves diversity as well as unity. Apart from the evidence for the fact, it has seemed to most Christians in all ages that the Idea of a new creative act is naturally associated with the occurrence of the Incarnation. This is a view which is not often explicitly dwelt upon in the Scriptures, but the Idea appears to pervade the NT, and it is conspicuous in Eph. The Ideal of the human race becomes actual in Him. Many metaphors are used in the NT to describe the effect of His death and resurrection, such as redemption, which conveys the Idea of a deliverance at a great cost from slavery; propitiation, or an act or process by which sin is neutralized; salvation, or bringing into a condition of health or safety; reconciliation with God, and remission of sin (see Atonement). Men educated in Jewish habits of thought would not readily apprehend in all its bearings the Christian Idea of a Person who could be both God and man. Before our Lord’s death the disciples had recognized Him as the Messiah, though with still very inadequate Ideas as to the nature of the Messianic Kingdom which He was to set up
Kingdom Kingdom of God - to consider at length the Idea of the Kingdom in Christ’s teaching. But the main line of Idea is the same (see W. Luke returns to the phrase ‘the Kingdom of God,’ and though in general outline the Idea of the Kingdom is the name as in the two prior Gospels, there are one or two suggestions that St. And there is a hint of the Idea which was soon to overshadow the anticipation of the near approach of the Son of Man, that in a very real sense the Kingdom was already present (Luke 17:21, ‘within’ or ‘among you’). -If we now ask why the Idea of kingship as applied to Christ finds so little space in the literature of the Epistles, the answer must be manifold. The term ‘Son of Man’ is employed in the first three Gospels chiefly in connexion with the Ideas circling round the thought of the Death, Resurrection, and Second Coming of Christ. -If we now ask what Ideas the writers of the Apostolic Age attached to the term ‘Kingdom of God’ or ‘of Christ,’ the answer must be that for them as in the teaching of Christ in the Gospels it is a term to symbolize the inexpressible-that is to say, the future blessedness of the redeemed. ...
There is hardly any trace in the Epistles of the mediaeval Idea that the Church on earth was the Kingdom of God. And the Idea of some modern theological writers, that this world as we know it will develop under Christian influence until it becomes the Kingdom, is quite alien to their thought
Sacrifice - ...
The general prevalence of animal sacrifice among the pagan with the Idea of expiation, the victim's blood and death removing guilt and appeasing divine wrath, is evidently a relic from primitive revelation preserved by tradition, though often encrusted over with superstitions. Therefore, the radical Idea of sacrifice is in the burnt offering; figuring THE ASCENT of the reconciled, and accepted creature to Jehovah: "'olah " (Leviticus 1:9): his self-sacrificing surrender wholly of body, soul, and spirit to Jehovah. Every sacrifice was Based on atonement, and at the same time included the Idea of the burnt offering, a portion ascending up to Jehovah in the flame (Leviticus 1:4). ...
The burnt offering came before the sin offering in the princes' offerings in dedicating the altar and in reconsecrating the Nazarite, where personal holiness was subordinate to the Idea of national consecration (Numbers 6:14; Numbers 7:15, etc. " The propitiatory, dedicatory, and eucharistic elements combine to give the perfect Idea of sacrifice. Anyone divorced from the other two would convey a wrong Idea. The propitiatory alone would give the Idea of atonement without consequent repentance, faith, and thankful loving obedience
Anthropology - The Idea is explicitly stated in Genesis 1:26-31 ; Genesis 5:1-3 ; and Genesis 9:1-7 . The Idea is more implicit, but still present in Psalm 8:1 . In other instances, “likeness” conveys the basic Idea (Genesis 5:1 ; James 3:9 ). At the same time, however, this view devalues the Idea of humans being created in “the image and likeness” of God. The image of God is expressed by two parallel Ideas. This biblical Idea of humans carries with it profound ethical and social implications. Unique to the New Testament view is the Idea that ultimately the true image of God can be seen in Christ (John 12:45 ; John 14:9 ; Colossians 1:15 ; Hebrews 1:3 ). ...
From the standpoint of the complete biblical record, the doctrine of humanity includes at least two additional Ideas. ...
A second Idea is closely related to this
Hell - In the figurative phrase ‘set on fire of Gehenna,’ the author of the Epistle has clearly in mind the original Idea of that name in the associations of the Valley of Hinnom, with its quenchless fire and its undying worm (2 Chronicles 28:3; 2 Chronicles 33:6, Jeremiah 7:31). The Idea in apostolic and sub-apostolic literature. Closely connected with the Idea of the abyss is its demonic ruler Abaddon (Revelation 9:11, see Abaddon), whose name figures frequently in the Wisdom-literature, and is generally translated in the Septuagint by ἀπώλεια = ‘destruction. It seems likely that the Jews, in turn, derived it from the Ideas of Egyptian religion, since we find Ani, seated on his judgment throne, saying, ‘I am crowned king of the gods, I shall not die a second time in the underworld’ (The Book of the Dead, ed. -This Idea of the ‘second death’ leads naturally to St. -This Idea is also strongly and strikingly put in James 1:15 : ‘Sin, when it is full-grown, bringeth forth death’ (cf. that lies outside the NT, we do not find any very striking additions to the Ideas contained in the pages of the canonical books. ...
This Idea is even more clearly set forth in the Apocalypse of Peter, and forms the beginning of the famous passage in which is set forth the punishment of sinners, in the manner that to later ages is most familiar in the pages of Dante, where the forms of torment bear an appropriate relation to the sins committed. ’...
In these verses we trace the similarity to Ideas and figures we have already discovered in the Apoc. Elements of Egyptian thought enter into its literary form, among the most striking of which is the Idea of the weighing of souls-a scene that often occurs on the Egyptian pagan monuments. These more elaborate and somewhat mechanical methods form a link with the imagery of mediaevalism, but also prove the manner in which Christianity was proceeding along eclectic lines, and taking to itself Ideas and figures from other religions. ...
(1) The surprisingly few passages in the NT in which the word ‘hell’ (or even the Idea it conveys) occurs. -It would be hard to point to any passage in the NT that conveyed any fresh or fuller Ideas about the place of punishment, its nature and purpose, than are to be found in words attributed to Jesus in the Gospels. This is certainly noteworthy and significant, even if the Gospel teaching on Gehenna is an echo of current Ideas
Lunatic - The influence of the moon on persons was believed to be injurious, and to be able to cause them to become moonstruck (Psalms 121:6), an Idea which has been widely prevalent and still persists. The fact that certain forms of insanity are periodical, no doubt gave rise in part to the Idea. Menzies Alexander says: ‘The popular Idea that there is some connexion between the moon and epilepsy is partly due to the confusion of epilepsy with epileptic insanity. The fixed Idea of plural possession would lead to the medical classification ‘Demonomania,’ a variety of ‘religious mania. The expression may be due (a) to the Evangelist’s sense of the violence of the derangement to which she had been subject, or (b) to the current Idea of manifold possession among the disciples, to which Jesus gave no sanction, or (e) to mania and delusion of manifold possession. The popular thought of Satan is grotesquely dominated by that Idea, and much of the prevalent disbelief in the existence of a spiritual adversary can be traced to that gross misconception. This Idea has been responsible for much false conception in the case of the Gerasene sufferer. So far from the Idea of semi-sensuous beings representing the truth, it would be far truer to think of possession as akin to the condition seen in intense anger, or extreme fear
Hell - In the figurative phrase ‘set on fire of Gehenna,’ the author of the Epistle has clearly in mind the original Idea of that name in the associations of the Valley of Hinnom, with its quenchless fire and its undying worm (2 Chronicles 28:3; 2 Chronicles 33:6, Jeremiah 7:31). The Idea in apostolic and sub-apostolic literature. Closely connected with the Idea of the abyss is its demonic ruler Abaddon (Revelation 9:11, see Abaddon), whose name figures frequently in the Wisdom-literature, and is generally translated in the Septuagint by ἀπώλεια = ‘destruction. It seems likely that the Jews, in turn, derived it from the Ideas of Egyptian religion, since we find Ani, seated on his judgment throne, saying, ‘I am crowned king of the gods, I shall not die a second time in the underworld’ (The Book of the Dead, ed. -This Idea of the ‘second death’ leads naturally to St. -This Idea is also strongly and strikingly put in James 1:15 : ‘Sin, when it is full-grown, bringeth forth death’ (cf. that lies outside the NT, we do not find any very striking additions to the Ideas contained in the pages of the canonical books. ...
This Idea is even more clearly set forth in the Apocalypse of Peter, and forms the beginning of the famous passage in which is set forth the punishment of sinners, in the manner that to later ages is most familiar in the pages of Dante, where the forms of torment bear an appropriate relation to the sins committed. ’...
In these verses we trace the similarity to Ideas and figures we have already discovered in the Apoc. Elements of Egyptian thought enter into its literary form, among the most striking of which is the Idea of the weighing of souls-a scene that often occurs on the Egyptian pagan monuments. These more elaborate and somewhat mechanical methods form a link with the imagery of mediaevalism, but also prove the manner in which Christianity was proceeding along eclectic lines, and taking to itself Ideas and figures from other religions. ...
(1) The surprisingly few passages in the NT in which the word ‘hell’ (or even the Idea it conveys) occurs. -It would be hard to point to any passage in the NT that conveyed any fresh or fuller Ideas about the place of punishment, its nature and purpose, than are to be found in words attributed to Jesus in the Gospels. This is certainly noteworthy and significant, even if the Gospel teaching on Gehenna is an echo of current Ideas
Eternal Everlasting - None the Jess, ‘eternal’ is misleading, inasmuch as it has come in English to connote the Idea of ‘endlessly existing,’ and thus to be practically a synonym for ‘everlasting. The αἰώνιος θεός of Romans 16:26 carries with it unquestionably the Idea of everlastingness; but it is worth noting that this is the only occasion in the NT when the term is applied to God, and that the doxology in which it occurs is of doubtful genuineness. John 17:3, 1 John 3:14; 1 John 5:13); and in the Pauline Epistles also we have various examples of it employment in a sense that is intensive rather than extensive-notably the equation is 1 Timothy 6:12; 1 Timothy 6:19 (Revised Version ) between ‘eternal life’ and ‘the life which is life indeed,’ And yet it must be admitted that the whole history of the term points to the underlying Idea of duration, and not of duration only, but of a duration that is permanent
Great, To Be; Heavy - Whenever kâbêd is used, it reflects the Idea of “weightiness,” or that which is added to something else. This Idea also explains how the word can be used to indicate the state of “being honored” or “glorious,” for honor and glory are additional qualities that are added to a person or thing. In several passages, the word is applied to abstract Ideas or qualities. This basic Idea of “numerical multiplicity” is also applied to amounts of liquids or masses of non-liquids: “And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly …” ( Anathema - the word ‘anathema’ occurs in the course of the sharp conflict excited by the extreme party among converted proselytes to Judaism; and the great Idea is that everything in the religion of a professed Christian is determined by his real relationship to Christ. Or the Idea may be, ‘The Lord is coming soon, and there is no need to trouble further with these men, for with greater wisdom thought may be given to Him. Execration and not official discipline is the dominant Idea, with the censure of the Church as a corollary
Perfection - The various Biblical terms connoting ‘perfection’ differ in shade of meaning between wholeness, the attaining of an end or Ideal, complete adjustment, full equipment in fitness for an appointed task. They are sparingly applied to God; In OT His way, work, knowledge, law are ‘perfect’ ( Psalms 18:30 , Deuteronomy 32:4 , Galatians 5:24-2502 , Psalms 19:7 ); in NT the same term is used of His will, His gifts, His law ( Romans 12:2 , James 1:17 ; James 1:25 ), while Christ describes the Father in heaven as ‘perfect,’ and therefore as the source and pattern of moral Ideals ( Rom 12:1-219 ). The Idea of moral perfection is carried up to an immeasurably higher level by the saying of Christ the climax of His contrast between evangelical and Pharisaic righteousness ‘Ye therefore shall be ( imperatival future ) perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect’ ( Matthew 5:48 ). Infinite, because in place of precepts of ritual purity there is now set up an absolute moral Ideal in the perfect love of God. Hence the characteristic ‘thou shalt not’ of the Jewish law, with its possibility of evasion under seeming compliance, gives place to a positive ‘thou shalt’ of limitless content, because inspired by a limitless Ideal (Matthew 5:17-48 ; Matthew 7:12 ; Matthew 18:21-22 ). Paul the moral life of the Christian is often dwelt upon, and in some passages is summarized in glowing Ideals ( e. Once the Ideal is compressed into a phrase which reminds us of Matthew 5:48 , ‘Be ye imitators of God’ ( Romans 6:1-11 ). Paul often uses the word ‘perfect,’ he hardly connects it with the attainment of the moral Ideal in the sense of Matthew 5:48 . So, too, the attainment of the Ideal corporate unity of all Christians is expressed in the ‘phrase’ unto a perfect ( i. It follows that he is able without misgiving to set before his converts so lofty an Ideal of moral perfection as that contained in the passages already cited, the gulf between Ideal and visible attainment being bridged by his faith in the spiritual forces at work ( Romans 7:24-25 , 1 Corinthians 1:8-9 , Ephesians 3:20 , Philippians 1:6 ; Philippians 2:13 ; Philippians 4:13 ; cf. ...
The Idea of perfection appears also in James 1:4 , ‘that ye may be perfect and entire, lacking in nothing’ (cf. ...
The Idea of perfection in the sense of complete adjustment and equipment (from a different Gr
Name - That by which a thing is called the sound or combination of sounds used to express an Idea, or any material substance, quality or act an appellation attached to a thing by customary use, by which it may be vocally distinguished from other things
Divine Retribution - ...
Though the exact phrase “divine retribution” does not occur in the Old Testament, the Idea is quite prevalent: people will be repaid in this life for what they do—blessing for good, punishment for evil
Fig Tree - Figs, with other fruit, were brought back from Palestine by the envoys of Moses to give an Idea of the fertility of the land (Numbers 13)
Tyrannus - ’ This addition is all of a piece with the Idea that Tyrannus was a schoolmaster or professor, whose work, according to the ancient custom, would be over early in the day, thus leaving the building free for the rest of the day
ta'Bor - The Idea that our Saviour was transfigured on Tabor prevailed extensively among the early Christians, and still reappears often in popular religious works
Vanity - Though vanity is the theme of Ecclesiastes, the Idea is found elsewhere
Babel, Tower of - The Birs Nimrud was probably its site, and gives an Idea of its construction, being the best specimen of a Babylonian temple tower
Small - ...
Finally, these adjectives can represent the Idea “insignificant,” or small in importance or strength: “Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great …” ( Burnt Offering - (Exodus 29:15) They were offered in vast numbers at Solomon's dedication of the temple; but ordinarily were restricted in extent by God, to preclude the Idea of man's buying His favor by costly gifts
Samuel, Books of, - In our own time the most prevalent Idea in the Anglican Church seems to have been that the first twenty-four chapters of the book of Samuel were written by the prophet himself, and the rest of the chapters by the prophets Nathan and Gad
Gospel - ]'>[3] , Mark 16:15 , Acts 15:7 , Romans 11:28 , 2 Corinthians 8:16 (where the Idea must not be entertained that the reference is to Luke as an Evangelist ), and so ‘this gospel,’ Matthew 26:13 ; but English readers should bear in mind that usually (though not in Mark 16:15 ) the EV Mercy-Seat - What is essential is the large and luminous Idea of atonement
Glass - ...
The inadequate knowledge of an object gained by seeing it reflected in the ancient mirror, compared with the perfect Idea formed by seeing itself directly, happily represents the contrast between the saint's present reflected and his future direct, immediate, and intuitive knowledge
Soldiers - Acts 10:1) who desired to have his servant healed, speaks of the soldiers who were under his command, and, in contrast to (1) above, his remarks bring out forcibly the Idea of discipline and organization, which was to be found in a Roman legion
Lydia - Others have put forward the Idea that Lydia was not the personal name of the convert, but a description of her nationality as a native of Thyatira in the province of Lydia-‘the Lydian’; and further, that the Apostle may refer to her either as Euodia or Syntactic (Philippians 4:2)
Advocate - ...
The Idea of a legislature, consisting of a single branch, though advocated by some, was generally reprobated
Cloke - ‘Paenula,’ it was buttoned or stitched up in front, in the direction of its length-a description which would lead to some modification of the Idea of there being a simple opening for the head
Commendation - (4) The verb, reflexively used to convey the Idea of self-praise, occurs in 2 Corinthians 3:1; 2 Corinthians 5:12; 2 Corinthians 10:12; 2 Corinthians 10:18 (where the pronoun coming before the verb occupies the prominent position); (5) but in 2 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 6:4; 2 Corinthians 7:11 (where the pronoun follows the verb) the reference is to legitimate demonstration of one’s faith and work; e
Servant - The words ebed and δοῦλος (those most commonly used for 'servant') convey the Idea of bondmen or slaves
Great - Vast sublime as a great conception or Idea
Dragon - But it was characteristic of Judaism, with its fervent Messianic expectations, that the Idea of a conflict between God and the dragon should be transferred from the past to the future, from cosmogony to history and eschatology, so that the revolt of the dragon and his subjection by the Divine might became an episode not of pre-historic ages but of the last days (cf
Injury - this is injustice, too, but not the whole Idea of it; for it is injustice, also to refuse or neglect doing what ought to be done
Blood And Water - ’...
It was a favourite Idea with the Fathers that the Water and the Blood were symbolic of the Sacraments
To - Its sphere verges upon that of for, but it contains less the Idea of design or appropriation; as, these remarks were addressed to a large audience; let us keep this seat to ourselves; a substance sweet to the taste; an event painful to the mind; duty to God and to our parents; a dislike to spirituous liquor
House - And the very name Eliezer was not a little in countenancing this Idea, which signified the help of my God
Midst - …” The Idea “within” can be emphasized with the addition of words like tâvek, “belly, inwards,” or leb, “heart”: “… My heart is like wax, it is melted in the midst of my bowels” ( To - Its sphere verges upon that of for, but it contains less the Idea of design or appropriation; as, these remarks were addressed to a large audience; let us keep this seat to ourselves; a substance sweet to the taste; an event painful to the mind; duty to God and to our parents; a dislike to spirituous liquor
Iniquity - ...
Note: In the phrase "man of sin," 2 Thessalonians 2:3 , the word suggests the Idea of contempt of Divine law, since the Antichrist will deny the existence of God
Build, Builder, Building - It expresses the strengthening effect of teaching, 1 Corinthians 14:3,5,12,26 ; 2 Corinthians 10:8 ; 12:19 ; 13:10 , or other ministry, Ephesians 4:12,16,29 (the Idea conveyed is progress resulting from patient effort)
Baal (1) - The same Idea is also clear from the use of this word among the Arabs, who designate land irrigated by subterranean springs as ‘Ba’l land,’ i
ta'Bor - The Idea that our Saviour was transfigured on Tabor prevailed extensively among the early Christians, and still reappears often in popular religious works
Cloke - ‘Paenula,’ it was buttoned or stitched up in front, in the direction of its length-a description which would lead to some modification of the Idea of there being a simple opening for the head
Paphos - Fragments of marble cones and of an altar have also been found, and the Idea that the conical stone was anointed in the Semitic fashion is confirmed by an inscription which mentions a festival of the temple called ἐλαιοχρίστιον
Covenant - , "a coming together"), which signifies a mutual undertaking between two parties or more, each binding himself to fulfill obligations, it does not in itself contain the Idea of joint obligation, it mostly signifies an obligation undertaken by a single person
Lydia - Others have put forward the Idea that Lydia was not the personal name of the convert, but a description of her nationality as a native of Thyatira in the province of Lydia-‘the Lydian’; and further, that the Apostle may refer to her either as Euodia or Syntactic (Philippians 4:2)
Vanity - The root-idea of the word is ‘emptiness. ‘Vanity of vanities’ ( Ecclesiastes 1:2 ; Ecclesiastes 12:8 ) is the superlative expression of the Idea of the futility of life
Devote, Devoted - The root Idea is separation and exclusion. This Idea is also expressed in the Arabic word harem (also in Harem el-Shariff, "the noble enclosure, " the temple mount). That a military man was not God's Ideal is seen in his refusal to allow David to build the temple because he had shed much blood (1 Chronicles 22:8 )
Martha - ...
The Idea that the scene of this entertainment was Martha’s house has given rise to the unfortunate surmise that Martha was a widow, Simon the Leper being her deceased husband. This Idea, however, arises from a misconception of his literary method
Building - They have not grasped the Divine Idea of the Church, and therefore they are rebuked: ‘I could not speak unto you as unto spiritual but as unto carnal’ (3:1). But here in the Apostolic Age, with the variety of circumstance, attainment, and social aspect in the churches, the essential Idea of unity is nevertheless preserved, for ‘each several building’ is destined to be ‘fitly framed together. ’ Each serves to make up the Ideal temple of God, which is being built for ever
Father's House - But in both cases the image is only the vehicle, necessarily imperfect, of the spiritual Idea, that the crowning blessedness of the believer will consist in nearness to God and perfect fellowship with Him. ...
This main Idea is combined, in the Johannine passage, with several others which serve to render it more complete and definite: (1) The communion with God is mediated by Christ, who is Himself the Son, and therefore has the right to bring His chosen friends into His Father’s house (cf
Save - 49:18 (the first biblical occurrence), the word includes the Idea of “salvation” through divinely appointed means and from inequity. The Idea of “salvation” is that of preservation from threatened, impending, and perhaps deserved danger and suffering
Building - They have not grasped the Divine Idea of the Church, and therefore they are rebuked: ‘I could not speak unto you as unto spiritual but as unto carnal’ (3:1). But here in the Apostolic Age, with the variety of circumstance, attainment, and social aspect in the churches, the essential Idea of unity is nevertheless preserved, for ‘each several building’ is destined to be ‘fitly framed together. ’ Each serves to make up the Ideal temple of God, which is being built for ever
Worship - Every Christian in particular, and every church in general, were to represent a spiritual temple of the Lord; the true worship of God was to be only in the inward heart, and the whole life proceeding from such inward disposition, sanctified by faith, was to be a continued spiritual service; this is the great fundamental Idea of the Gospel, which prevails throughout the New Testament, by which the whole outward appearance of religion was to assume a different form, and all that once was carnal was to be converted into spiritual, and ennobled. Such an Idea would appear to partake of Heathenism; and men were at first in less danger of being seduced into such an Idea, because the first general places of assembly of the Christians were only common rooms in private houses, just according as it happened that any member of the church had sufficient accommodation for the purpose. The arrangements which the peculiarities of the Christian worship required, were gradually made in these places of assembly, such as an elevated seat for the purpose of reading the Scriptures and preaching, a table for the distribution of the sacrament, to which as early as the time of Tertullian the name of altar, ara or altare, was given, and perhaps not without some mixture of the unevangelical Old Testament notion of a sacrifice; or at least this Idea might easily attach itself to this name. Men were more inclined in general to carry into extremes the Idea of the appearance of the Divinity in the form of a servant, which suited the oppressed condition of the church in these centuries, than to throw it into the back ground, and overwhelm it under the predominance of their aesthetic dispositions, and their love of art. This was a mode of expressing, by means perceptible to the senses, the purely Christian Idea, that all the actions of Christians, as well as the whole course of their life, must be sanctified by faith in the crucified Jesus, and by dependence upon him; and that this faith is the most powerful means of conquering all evil, and preserving oneself against it. But here also, again, men were too apt to confuse the Idea and the token which represented it; and they attributed the effects of faith in the crucified Redeemer to the outward sign, to which they ascribed a supernatural, sanctifying, and preservative power; an error of which we find traces as early as the third century. The weekly and the yearly festivals originally arose from the self-same fundamental Idea, which was the centre point of the whole Christian life; the Idea of imitating Christ, the crucified and the risen; to follow him in his death, by appropriating to ourselves, in penitence and faith, the effects of his death, by dying to ourselves and to the world; to follow him in his resurrection, by rising again with him, by faith in him and by his power, to a new and holy life, devoted to God, which, beginning here below in the seed, is matured in heaven. The passover of the Old Testament was easily ennobled and converted to a passover which suited the New Testament, by merely substituting the Idea of deliverance from spiritual bondage, that is, from the slavery of sin, for that of deliverance from earthly bondage. The notion of a birth-day festival was far from the Ideas of the Christians of this period in general; they looked upon the second birth as the true birth of men
Vicarious Sacrifice - The Idea of change, transfer, or substitution pertains to the term. see) is a somewhat different act in different cults and in different stages of religious development, but has in it the Idea of a means of approach to Deity through a material oblation for the purpose of securing His favour. Fairbairn); while others affirm that ‘they disclose no trace of the Idea of vicarious substitution, nor of propitiation’ (Westcott). (6) The fact that there are two Ideas of sacrifice in the OT—one of the priests and the other of the prophets; and that Hebrews and Jn. seem to have worked out their Ideas on the basis of the Levitical standpoint, while Jesus and St. Paul represent more the Ideas of the prophets. (7) The difficulty of freeing ourselves of a priori Ideas in our interpretations of Scripture, dogmatic conceptions having been planted in our minds in childhood, and become a part of the religious atmosphere in which we move. The Idea would then be that men of the world find greatness in assuming superiority over others, whereas Jesus finds it in serving others. But if we assume that λύτρον means in this passage what it means in the LXX Septuagint translation of Leviticus, where the main Idea of the ransom is that of substituting one thing for another, and if we hold that ἀντί means ‘in place of,’ the most that we can make out of the passage is that Jesus gives His life as a ransom price to liberate many who are in bondage. If regard be had solely to the language of our Lord at the institution of the Supper, it must be admitted, I think, that it is adapted to carry our thoughts not in the direction of the current Jewish Ideas of propitiation by sacrifice, but rather toward the conception of a new relation of fellowship with God and obedience to Him constituted by Jesus’ death. (4) There is certainly nothing clearly to join this passage to the Idea of bearing the consequences, or punishment of sin. There is no expiatory Idea suggested in the passage, but the thought seems to be that the voluntary death of Christ on the cross ‘is the mode in which the love of God asserted itself and became effectual for the salvation of the world’ (Terry). 17, John 6:50-51 is not an allusion to the Lord’s Supper, but is connected with the miracle of the loaves, the feeding of the multitude suggesting the Idea of spiritual feeding, of Jesus’ mission to bring to men spiritual manna by the partaking of which they would have life. ...
The dominating Idea is that of ethical appropriation, which Lightfoot describes as follows: ‘To partake of the Messiah truly is to partake of Himself, His pure nature, His righteousness, His spirit. ’...
(c) The Ideas found in the Apocalypse are practically the same as those found in the Fourth Gospel and the Johannine Epistles
New Jerusalem - ’ The hope of an Ideal city, too, finds frequent mention in Jewish literature, e. The Idea emerges fully for the first time in 1 En. ’ The Idea of the new city as simply a purification of the old appears in 1 En. ’ Tobit mentions the Ideal city in Tobit 13:16-17 : ‘For Jerusalem shall be builded with sapphires and emeralds and precious stones; thy walls and towers and battlements with pure gold. The two late passages above imply a gradual transformation of the world-moral and physical-an Idea which probably betrays Persian influence (cf. The same Idea is perhaps present also in Isaiah 51:16 : ‘And I have put my words in thy mouth, and have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou art my people,’ but if so, it is a foreign element adopted in eclectic fashion from Zoroastrianism (cf. The implication in the new Idea, however, was not logically carried out until during the 1st cent. 4, 5 the Idea is accepted in its entire significance implying the immortal blessedness of man: ‘And I will cause Mine elect ones to dwell upon it: but the sinners and evil-doers shall not set foot thereon’ (cf. , with regard to the duration of the Kingdom; for while most other writers left behind the OT Idea of an everlasting Kingdom and expected only a temporary one on the present earth, he holds to the eternal duration of the Kingdom, contributing the new and fruitful conception of a new heaven and a new earth as the scene of it. It is a conception with an exclusively Jewish basis, but one that opens the way for the Idea of a new era of blessedness, not on the present earth but in a renewed world; at the close of the Millennium the present order of things passes away-‘And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat upon it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them’ (Revelation 20:11); ‘And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth are passed away’ (Revelation 21:1). Paul has the same thought, not yet, however, developed, of the new city, ‘the Jerusalem that is above’ (Galatians 4:26), and the same Idea is present when he says, ‘Our citizenship is in heaven’ (Philippians 3:20). Paul says of individuals the Seer says of the Ideal city as a whole. There is here a fulfilment of the Ideal in Isaiah 60:19 f
Light - In Luke 11:33 it is impossible to trace any very obvious connexion between this and what precedes, any more than between it and what follows, unless the Idea of the editor is that Solomon’s wisdom and Jonah’s preaching were frank and open to the world (hence Luke 11:33), while no sign (Luke 11:29) is needed if the inner heart be pure and true (Luke 11:34-38). ...
This latter Idea, without the moral counsel, is reproduced by Mark 4:21 (= Luke 8:16) as a sequel to the interpretation of the parable of the Seeds, as if to suggest that such knowledge as had just been imparted to the disciples was not to be kept to themselves but to be diffused like light (cf. Wedgwood, The Moral Ideal, pp. The gradual evolution of the religious Idea slowly purified the symbolism, especially in the deeper reaches of faith within the later Judaism (notably in the Book of Enoch). The semi-physical element, though not entirely excluded even from the NT Idea of glory and spiritual phenomena, came to be subordinated to the moral and mystical. In the Fourth Gospel, however, this Idea is developed with singular precision and breadth. John 8:44); but the semi-Gnostic Idea of a special class remains
Blessing (2) - —The main underlying Idea of the characteristic New Testament word for ‘blessing’ (εὐλογεῖν) seems to be that of goodwill, which, on the part of man towards God, has its appropriate expression in praise and thanksgiving. The close connexion of these two last Ideas is clearly seen in the New Testament in the interchange of the expressions for ‘to bless’ (εὐλογεῖν) and ‘to give thanks,’ namely to God (εὐχαριστεῖν, cf. —The elements that entered into the Hebrew Idea of ‘blessing’‡ Omnipresence - To a large proportion of those who hold a distinguished rank among the ancient theistical philosophers, the Idea of the personality of the Deity was in a great measure unknown. They have left us the most sublime proofs of the existence and perfections of the First Cause; but as it was impossible for them to conceive the creation of matter, the workman, in the Stoic philosophy, was not sufficiently distinguished from the work; while, on the contrary, the spiritual god of Plato and his disciples resembled more an Idea than a substance. In the case before us, the terms presence and place are used according to common notions; and must be so taken, if the Scriptures are intelligible, Metaphysical refinements are not Scriptural doctrines, when they give to the terms chosen by the Holy Spirit an acceptation out of their general and proper use, and make them the signs of a perfectly distinct class of Ideas; if, indeed, all distinctness of Idea is not lost in the attempt. And when we have thus raised our thoughts to the Idea of a being, who is not only present throughout a large empire, but throughout our world; and not only in every part of our world, but in every part of all the numberless suns and worlds which roll in the starry heavens,—who is not only able to enliven and actuate the plants, animals, and men who live upon this globe, but countless varieties of creatures every where in an immense universe,—yea, whose presence is not confined to the universe, immeasurable as that is by any finite mind, but who is present every where in infinite space; and who is therefore able to create still new worlds, and fill them with proper inhabitants, attend, supply, and govern them all,—when we have thus gradually raised and enlarged our conceptions, we have the best Idea we can form of the universal presence of the great Jehovah, who filleth heaven and earth. The former opinion, however, appears most in harmony with the Scriptures; though the term extension, through the inadequacy of language, conveys too material an Idea
Obedience (2) - When the same Idea appears in St. ’ The same Idea, that His death upon the cross was the essential part of His work which He came into the world to do, and which was laid upon Him by the Father, appears in many other texts in this Gospel, implied where not explicitly stated (cf. There is evidence in these passages, taken as a whole, and regarded as containing the concurrent and consistent Evangelical Idea of the death of Christ, that to Christ the burden of death consisted partly in its physical pain, from which One shrank who possessed the instinct of life among other human qualities (see Humanity of Christ), but still more as something unbecoming to the pure and holy Son of God, associated, as it was in human history, with the Idea of sin and condemnation. But this Idea receives no support from the Gospels, and none from the text cited itself, when carefully interpreted. At the same time, as performance falls far short of Ideal in other human things, so here
Messiah - ...
The biblical Idea of the messiah and his work is divinely revealed. What must be kept in mind, however, is that this anointing of shields, cultic objects, and men and women did convey Ideas, such as qualification, beautification, and consecration, which are inherent in the anointing Acts and purposes that do have messianic significance. This personal aspect has been referred to as the narrower view of the messianic Idea. But the personal is not to be limited to royalty because the biblical messianic Idea includes the priestly and the prophetic offices also. ...
Whereas the narrower view of the messianic Idea is central, the wider dimension was clearly present at all times also
Glory - ...
In the numerous and important passages where the Idea of ‘glory’ is associated with God and the heavenly world, with Christ, Christians, and the Christian life here and hereafter, we find the same two principal meanings. ...
In the NT the same Idea lies behind the use of the concept δόξα. With him also the δόξα is fundamentally associated with the Idea of celestial splendour, to which, indeed, his vision of the glorified Christ gave a new and vivid reality; but the Idea of revelation, of the Glory as God’s self-manifestation, becomes prominent. Yet it is the glory, not of an ethical Ideal, but of the Living God, God upon the Throne, self-existent, supreme over all being. There can be little doubt that this pictorial rendering or spiritual truth lies behind the Apostle’s peculiar mode of expressing the fact of man’s universal failure to represent the Divine Ideal (see Sanday-Headlam in loc. Yet here again the glory is not that of an ethical Ideal merely; it is the full, indivisible glory of the Living God of which Christ is the effulgence (ἀπαύγασμα [1])
Games - It has been customary to explain this feature of the Apostle’s writings as the outcome of his experience and from his actual presence at great athletic assemblies, but now the Idea is gaining ground that he drew rather upon the word-treasury of past generations, and used such figures of speech because they had become stereotyped in language and arose naturally to the mind. ) to the stoics, with whom it was a favourite Idea (C. The same Idea of contest or striving, with the same basal form ἀγών, appears in Romans 15:30, 1 Corinthians 9:25, Philippians 1:30, Colossians 1:29; Colossians 2:1; Colossians 4:12, 1 Thessalonians 2:2, Hebrews 12:1; Hebrews 12:4, Judges 1:3. The immediate prize in the shape of a wreath suggests the Idea of something better than itself, not only in connexion with the actual contest, where further honours were afterwards bestowed upon the victor, but also in the Christian thought of St
Seraphim - ...
It was customary with the prophets to transform and purify popular conceptions, by bringing them into relation with their ethical Idea of God
ad'am - The Idea of redness of color seems to be inherent in either word
Sick, Sickly, Sickness - 14, see above), is suggestive of the common accompaniment of "sickness," "weariness of mind" (which is the meaning of this verb), which not infrequently hinders physical recovery; hence this special cause is here intimated in the general Idea of "sickness
Earnest, Earnestness, Earnestly - " The Idea suggested is that of not relaxing in effort, or acting in a right spirit
Vessel - animae)’; and the passage 2 Corinthians 4:7 gives the same Idea: Ἔχομεν δὲ τὸν θησαυρὸν τοῦτον ἐν ὀστρακίνοις σκεύεσιν
Famine - The Idea is spiritualized in Amos 8:11 ‘a famine of hearing the words of the Lord
Guilt - ...
The Old Testament has a semitechnical term foundational for the biblical concept of guilt, and which teaches us that guilt is fundamentally a relational Idea
Hate, Hatred - This Idea attests how everything fits into God's plan in some way
Heifer - Discarding all magical Ideas, the worshipper of Jahweh thus endeavoured to change the antique ritual into an object-lesson or sacramental means of grace. Accepting this Idea on the bare authority of Scripture, he makes it the premiss of an argument a minori ad majus
Epaenetus - The term ‘firstfruits’ had a special religious significance-that of dedication to God-and this Idea must have been present when the original nucleus of a church was so called
Procession of the Holy Ghost - Watts, however, observes, that the procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father, respects not his nature or substance, but his mission only; and that no distinct and clear Ideas can be formed of this procession; consequently it must be given up as popish, scholastic, inconceivable, and indefensible. But, it is answered, what clear Idea can be given us of the originate, self-existent, eternal being of the Father? Shall we, therefore, deny him to be without beginning or end, and to be self-existent, because we know not how he is so? If not, why must we give up the procession of the Spirit, because we know not the mode of it
Beggar - In the former case the root Idea is that of asking (αἰτέω), while πτωχός suggests the cringing or crouching (πτώσσω) of a beggar
Independency of God - He doth not receive Ideas from any object out of himself, as intelligent creatures do. If God depend on any creature, he does not exist necessarily; and if so, then he might not have been: for the same will by which he is supposed to exist, might have determined that he should not have existed, which is altogether inconsistent with the Idea of a God
Street - ”...
By chûts the general Idea of “the outside” is intimated
ad'am - The Idea of redness of color seems to be inherent in either word
ad'am - The Idea of redness of color seems to be inherent in either word
Destructionists - As the happiness of saints in the future state consists not merely in being, but in well being, or happiness; so the punishment of the wicked requires the Idea of eternal suffering to support the contrast
Hind - " This, indeed, renders the simile uniform; but another critic has remarked that "the allusion to a tree seems to be purposely reserved by the venerable patriarch for his son Joseph, who is compared to the boughs of a tree; and the repetition of the Idea in reference to Naphtali is every way unlikely
King, - The original Idea of a Hebrew King was twofold: first, that he should lead the people to battle in time of war; and, a second, that he should execute judgment and justice to them in war and in peace
Pattern - ’ But ὑπόδειγμα, like τύπος, may denote a copy as well as a pattern; and in rendering ‘copies’ here the RV_ clearly conveys the correct Idea, since the things referred to are ‘the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry’ (Hebrews 9:21), which were only copies of ‘the heavenly things themselves
Repentance - The Idea conveyed in this term is of great importance from the fact of its application not only to man but to God, showing how God, in His government of the earth, is pleased to express His own sense of events taking place upon it
Sacraments - ] This identification of the Idea of a sacrament with that of a mystery was carried still further by Tertullian, and was greatly fostered by the fact that about this time a tendency was rapidly growing in the Church to an assimilation of Christian worship to the Mystery-worship of the Græco-Roman world (see art. While, therefore, the Reformers retained the term ‘sacrament’ as a convenient one to express the general Idea that has to be drawn from the characteristics of the acts classed together under this name a term, moreover, that is sanctioned by the usage of the Church from the days of Tertullian they found the distinguishing mark of a sacrament in the fact of its being instituted by Christ Himself and enjoined by Him upon His followers
Esther - He challenged her with the Idea, “Who knoweth whether those art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?” (Esther 4:14 ). Mordecai's insistence that Esther must intervene to save her people is based on the Idea that a good Jew must worship and be loyal to the covenant God and to Him alone
Reconcile, Reconciliation - ]'>[2], an Idea absent from katallasso" (Lightfoot, Notes on the Epistles of Paul, p. There is no such Idea as "making it up" where God and man are concerned
Nehemiah, Book of - They are distinguished by individual characteristics which help us to form a distinct Idea of the writer’s personality. Enthusiasm for a great Idea, and unstinting and unselfish devotlon to its realization, are marked features
Truth - )...
God and the Biblical Use of Truth The essential Idea of truth in the Bible is not conformity to some external standard but faithfulness or reliability. When God is spoken of as the true God or the God of truth (Deuteronomy 32:4 ; 2 Chronicles 15:3 ; Isaiah 65:16 ; Jeremiah 10:10 ) the Idea is that God is reliable
Gerizim - There is embedded in the very beginning of the Samaritan worship of Jehovah the Idea that Jehovah is the ‘God of the land’ (2 Kings 17:27), and throughout the whole controversy between Jerusalem and Mt. ’ It follows at once from this fundamental Idea of the true nature of God that the essential quality in worship which is acceptable to Him is not the place where it is offered, but the disposition of the worshipper
Graciousness - The Idea, however, covered by the noun is of very frequent occurrence, and may truly be said to be one of the leading characteristics of Jesus Himself, and of the gospel He came to proclaim. In order to gain a clearer Idea of its meaning, it is necessary to examine these
Church - The Idea of 'building' here supposes a work so wrought that souls become conscious of forming part of the dwelling place of God, and are rendered able to offer up spiritual sacrifices as a holy priesthood. , were not separate or independent organisations, as in the modern Idea of the Church of Rome, the Greek Church, the Church of England, and so on
Apollinaris the Younger, Bishop of Laodicea - In opposition to the Idea of a mere connexion of the Logos with the man Jesus he wished to secure an organic unity of the two and so a true incarnation; but he sought this at the expense of the most important constituent of man. But the Apollinarian Idea of the union of the Logos with a truncated human nature might be itself more justly compared with this monster
Desert, Wilderness - The Ideas suggested to our minds by the words ‘desert’ or ‘wilderness’ differ to a considerable extent from those conveyed to an Oriental by the biblical terms so translated. Psalms 78:40; Psalms 106:14), while on the other hand several of the prophets seem to look on the time of the sojourn in the wilderness as the Ideal period in the story of Israel’s relation to God (e. ’ The thought behind the former reference, of the wilderness as a place of refuge for the woman, may be taken from the history of the Jews who fled from Pharaoh to the wilderness, but there may be no more than the general Idea of the wilderness as a place of refuge and concealment, so amply illustrated in the life of David. The Idea in the latter instance may be connected with the Jewish conception of the desert as the home of demons or evil spirits (cf
Gideon - The underlying Idea is that, since the Israelites did not exclusively worship their national God, He withdrew His protection, with the result that another nation, aided by its national god, was enabled to overcome the unprotected Israelites. Again, the refusal of the kingship on theocratic grounds is an Idea which belongs to a much later time; moreover, Gideon’s son, Abimelech, became king after slaying his father’s legitimate sons; it is taken for granted ( Judges 9:2 ) that there is to be a ruler after Gideon’s death
Angel - Some think that the Idea of God's not creating them before this world was made, is very contracted. To suppose, say they, that no creatures whatever, neither angels nor other worlds, had been created previous to the creation of our world, is to suppose that a Being of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness, had remained totally inactive from all eternity, and had permitted the infinity of space to continue a perfect vacuum till within these 6000 years; that such an Idea only tends to discredit revelation, instead of serving it
Create - The verb expresses creation out of nothing, an Idea seen clearly in passages having to do with creation on a cosmic scale: “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth” ( Idea of creation
Mark - Matthew recorded in his Gospel; and the same circumstances might be mentioned in the same manner by men who sought not after "excellency of speech," but whose minds retained the remembrance of facts or conversations which strongly impressed them, even without taking into consideration the Idea of supernatural guidance. We may farther observe that the Idea of St
Precious Stones - ...
The Idea of a New Jerusalem built of precious stones (Revelation 21:19-21) was not original, for it occurs in the prayer of Tobit (Tobit 13:16-17). His sole desire is to fire the imagination with an Idea of the radiant beauty of the city whose builder and maker is God
Oneness - to express not a physical but a mental or spiritual Idea. In that Epistle, where the writer has in view the Gentile world, fundamental Ideas of unity are set forth more distinctly and emphatically than anywhere else in the Bible. The Idea is substantially the same as in the figure of the Body which is the fulness of Him that filleth all in all (Ephesians 1:23), and even in the figure of the Temple or spiritual house of which Christ is the foundation and His people are as living stones (1 Peter 2:5, Ephesians 2:21). Jesus possessed the Spirit without measure, and His life marks the Ideal towards which His followers are to strive (Ephesians 4:13). But the conception of a catholic Church one and holy carries us away from any visible condition of things; and the moral oneness of faith and love which every company of Christians should exhibit presents itself as an unrealized Ideal
Priest (2) - But the NT Idea of the priesthood of Christ is associated solely with the former of these words. —In order to obtain a true Idea of the priesthood of Christ, it is necessary to inquire what were the essential characteristics of priesthood. The two Ideas are seen in Hebrews 3:1, where Christ is called ‘Apostle and High Priest’—‘Apostle’ because sent from God to man, ‘High Priest’ because going from man to God. This specific Idea is clearly taught as the essence of priesthood both in OT and NT, where the Godward aspect of priesthood is always stated and emphasized (Exodus 28:1, Numbers 16:40, 2 Chronicles 26:18, Ezekiel 44:15, Hebrews 5:1-10; Hebrews 7:25; Hebrews 9:24). This essential Idea of priesthood as representative of man to God carries with it the right of access to and of abiding in the presence of God. They can be summed up in the general Ideas of (a) drawing near to God by means of an offering, (b) dwelling near to God for the purpose of intercession (Ezekiel 44:16, Leviticus 16:17, Exodus 28:30; John 1:29 Luke 1:9-10). (γ) The meaning of the title ‘king of Salem’ suggests the Idea of peace. If it be said that intercession is an insufficient Idea of His priestly life above, it may be answered that offering and intercession do not exhaust His heavenly life. It seems impossible, therefore, to extend the Idea of Christ’s offering to mean ‘a present and eternal offering to God of His life in heaven’ (W
Saviour (2) - ’ Wherever the Messiah is connected with the Idea of salvation, He is not the subject but the object of it (Psalms 28:8; Psalms 144:10, Zechariah 9:9). In Hebrews, however, the rendering ‘captain,’ which brings out the Idea of military leadership, and the general rendering ‘author,’ are inadequate; the word plainly has the connotation of ‘model,’ ‘example,’ ‘forerunner,’ the leader first experiencing in Himself and receiving in Himself that to which he leads others. In Hebrews 12:2 Jesus’ career of faith is represented as exemplary for believers; by preceding in the exercise of an Ideal faith He enables others to follow in the same ἀγών of faith. Hebrews 5:9 proves that where the author does not wish to emphasize this peculiar Idea of precession, but merely to express the causal relationship between His work and the salvation of believers, he uses the general term αἴτιος: ‘He became author of eternal salvation. —Soltau (Die Geburtsgeschichte Jesu Christi, 1902) reaches the same conclusions, independently of Harnack, on the basis of the same and other classical material, and also asserts derivation of the story of the virgin birth from the same pagan circle of Ideas. It was also combined with the Oriental Idea of the incarnation of the godhead, whence such a term as ἐτιφανής was applied to rulers. Finally, in connexion with the recent trend towards explaining Biblical conceptions from Babylonian sources, it has been proposed to find in the NT Idea of σωτήρ an embodiment of the Oriental myth of a Saviour-King (Erlöser-König); cf. The derivation of the whole Idea of σωτήρ and σωτηρία from the Oriental expectation of the Saviour-King is impossible, because OT prophecy not at all, and Jewish theology very rarely, applies the name מוֹשִׁיעַ, σωτήρ, to the Messiah, and yet in eschatological Messianism it would be natural to look first of all for the evidence of such Oriental importation
Assyria - In one instance, the Idea of the empire predominates so as to exclude that of Assyria proper, namely, Genesis 2:14 , where the Hiddekel or Tigris is said to flow eastward of Assyria
John Newman, Venerable - Ordained at Rome, 1846, he returned to England, near the close of 1847, as an Oratorian, residing successively at Maryvale, Saint Wilfrid's College, Cheadle, Saint Ann's, Birmingham, and finally at Edgbaston where, but for four years in Ireland, when he wrote "Idea of a University," he lived for 40 years
Newman, John Henry, Venerable - Ordained at Rome, 1846, he returned to England, near the close of 1847, as an Oratorian, residing successively at Maryvale, Saint Wilfrid's College, Cheadle, Saint Ann's, Birmingham, and finally at Edgbaston where, but for four years in Ireland, when he wrote "Idea of a University," he lived for 40 years
Moon - Our word ‘ lunatic ’ reproduces the Idea of the Western world of our Lord’s time, that lunacy was due to the influence of the moon: the Greek word used in Matthew 4:24 ; Matthew 17:15 shows this
Testament - Scriptures, and the Idea of a “testament” was indeed foreign to the Jews till the time of the Herods’ ( Com. This development was ‘partly in the line of natural growth in Greek will-making, … partly in the way of assimilation of Roman Ideas on wills ’ ( Hist. Therefore the question which the interpreter must ask is, ‘What Ideas did the word convey to the first readers of the NT writings?’...
The Revisers’ preference for ‘testament’ in Hebrews 9:16 f
Job, Book of - From internal evidence, such as the similarity of sentiment and language to those in the Psalms and Proverbs (see Psalm 88,89 ), the prevalence of the Idea of "wisdom," and the style and character of the composition, it is supposed by some to have been written in the time of David and Solomon
Vengeance - The Idea of vengeance is incorporated into Israel's moral code, making them as his people accountable for their infractions
Divination - Michael Hagan...
See also Idol, Idolatry ; Revelation, Idea of ...
Bibliography
Appoint - " The extension of visit carries the Idea of appointment, meaning to set in place (as a time, place, or event)
Sin Offering - The sin offering among the Jews was the sacrifice in which the Ideas of propitiation and of atonement for sin were most distinctly marked. The distinction of ceremonial clearly indicates a difference in the Idea of the two sacrifices
Philippians, Epistle to - Compare also Philippians 3:20 with Philippians 2:5-117 , where the church is presented under the Idea of a city or commonwealth for the first time in Paul's writings
Superstitious - It is unlikely that he meant to convey the Idea of reproof, but he certainly meant ‘superstitious
Sabbath - The Idea is not that of relaxation or refreshment, but cessation from activity. According to rabbinical Ideas, the disciples, by plucking ears of corn (Matthew 12:1 ; Mark 2:23 ), and rubbing them (Luke 6:1 ), broke the "sabbath" in two respects; for to pluck was to reap, and to rub was to thresh
Peace, Peaceable, Peaceably - It describes (a) harmonious relationships between men, Matthew 10:34 ; Romans 14:19 ; (b) between nations, Luke 14:32 ; Acts 12:20 ; Revelation 6:4 ; (c) friendliness, Acts 15:33 ; 1 Corinthians 16:11 ; Hebrews 11:31 ; (d) freedom from molestation, Luke 11:21 ; 19:42 ; Acts 9:31 (RV, 'peace,' AV, 'rest'); 16:36; (e) order, in the State, Acts 24:2 (RV, 'peace,' AV, 'quietness'); in the churches, 1 Corinthians 14:33 ; (f) the harmonized relationships between God and man, accomplished through the gospel, Acts 10:36 ; Ephesians 2:17 ; (g) the sense of rest and contentment consequent thereon, Matthew 10:13 ; Mark 5:34 ; Luke 1:79 ; 2:29 ; John 14:27 ; Romans 1:7 ; 3:17 ; 8:6 ; in certain passages this Idea is not distinguishable from the last, Romans 5:1
Defile, Defilement - 1, common, and, from the Idea of coming into contact with everything, "defiled," is used in the ceremonial sense in Mark 7:2 ; in ver
Present - ...
A — 2: ἐνίστημι (Strong's #1764 — Verb — enistemi — en-is'-tay-mee ) "to set in," or, in the Middle Voice and perfect tense of the Active Voice, "to stand in, be present," is used of the present in contrast with the past, Hebrews 9:9 , where the RV correctly has "(for the time) now present" (for the incorrect AV, "then present"); in contrast to the future, Romans 8:38 ; 1 Corinthians 3:22 ; Galatians 1:4 , "present;" 1 Corinthians 7:26 , where "the present distress" is set in contrast to both the past and the future; 2 Thessalonians 2:2 , where the RV, "is now present" gives the correct meaning (AV, incorrectly, "is at hand"); the saints at Thessalonica, owing to their heavy afflictions, were possessed of the Idea that "the day of the Lord," RV (not as AV, "the day of Christ"), had begun; this mistake the Apostle corrects; 2 Timothy 3:1 , "shall come
Inheritance - Only Hebrews makes explicit use of the Idea of “inheritance” as requiring the death of the testator, Christ
Exaltation (2) - By the identification of outward events with their inward meaning, He advances men’s thoughts to the Idea of His exaltation to heaven as the victorious One
Self-Love - It must be confessed, that we ought to love him for his own excellences; yet it is difficult to form an Idea how we can love God unconnected with any interest to ourselves
Tongue - 8) are connected with the tongue, a psycho-physical Idea underlies the usage, which springs from the conception of the organ as an integral part of the whole personality
Mediator - In Galatians 3:20 the argument is, the law had angels and Moses (Deuteronomy 5:5) as its mediators; now "a mediator" in its essential Idea (ho mesitees , the article is generic) must be of two parties, and cannot be "of one" only; "but God is one," not two
Atonement - The primary Idea presented to us in different forms throughout the Scripture is that the death of Christ is a satisfaction of infinite worth rendered to the law and justice of God (q
Sheol - Some early versions of the English Bible translated sheol and hades as ‘hell’, which is unfortunate, for that gives the wrong Idea
Prostitution - This Idea is graphically presented in Ezekiel 16:1 (compare Ezekiel 23:1 )
Tiberias - A Jewish Idea is that Messiah will emerge from the lake, proceed to Tiberias and Safed, then set His throne on the highest peak in Galilee
Rejection - Rejection is an Idea expressed by more than one word in the NT
Master - The owner proprietor with the Idea of governing
Servant, Service - In the New Testament, the Idea of "serving at table" is expanded to encompass "the service of the saints" (1 Corinthians 16:15 )
Har-Magedon - And the place given to ‘the mountains of Israel’ in Ezekiel’s prophecy of the destruction of Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38:8; Ezekiel 38:21; Ezekiel 39:2; Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17), to which the Apocalyptist subsequently refers in his description of the final overthrow of Satan and his hosts (Revelation 20:8), may have served to confirm the Idea that a mountain would be the scene of ‘the war of the great day of God, the Almighty
Elijah - But did the ‘great refusal’ of the majority prove either that all Israel was unfaithful or that God had cast off His people? No, for (a) now as in Elijah’s time there were splendid exceptions, forming a remnant (λεῖμμα = שְׁאָר) which was the true Israel; and (b) God’s immutable faithfulness made the Idea of a rejection incredible and almost unthinkable
Lydda - His relics were taken to Lydda, and round his name was gradually woven a tissue of legend, in which the Greek myth of Perseus and Andromeda (see Joppa), the Moslem Idea of Elijah (or alternatively of Jesus) as the destined destroyer of the Impostor (al-dajjâl) or Antichrist, and the old Hebrew story of the fall of Dagon before the ark, were all inextricably intertwined, till Lydda became the shrine of St
Gabbatha - The word is apparently connected with a root גבב, of which the fundamental Idea is that of something curved or convex
Hades - to denote the same Idea as was expressed by Sheol is the OT, viz
Peace: of a Believer - ...
Nor must we exclude the Idea of progress
Pithom - We behold sin become so exceedingly sinful, that the sinner enjoys in Idea what in reality he doth not partake of
Sprinkling - SPRINKLE, SPRINKLING...
The Scripture sense of those acts being very interesting, renders it necessary that we should have a proper Idea thereof; and therefore I have thought it not improper to detain the Reader with a short observation
Answer - In this formula, the two verbs represent one Idea (i
Between - In still other instances, this Idea is represented by placing bêyn before the first object plus the phrase meaning “with reference to” before the second (Joel 2:17), or by bêyn before the first object and the phrase “with reference to the interval of” before the second ( Ai - Because of the Bible's historical accuracy, many scholars today dismiss the first Idea
Fly - To pass away to depart with the Idea of haste, swiftness or escape
General - ...
In logic, a general term is a term which is the sign of a general Idea
Bag - was the receptacle for the money of Jesus and the disciples; it contained, no doubt, the proceeds of the sale of their goods, and gave the Idea later of the common fund (Acts 4:32 f
Ecclesiasticus - Noteworthy is chapter 24, introducing uncreated wisdom speaking as a Divine person although the Idea of distinct subsistence is not expressed
Moloch - It should seem, that the method in those acts was simply passing through the flame; and as this carried with it an Idea of much personal bravery, it is likely that the children of Israel were much disposed to rival their neighbours in this supposed act of courage
Allegory - When Ideas of a primitive age were no longer tenable, respect for the ancient literature which embodied these Ideas was maintained by disregarding the ordinary import of the language in favour of a hidden meaning more in harmony with contemporary notions. Paul claims to be allegorizing when he finds the two covenants not only prefigured, but the validity of his Idea of two covenants proved, in the story of Hagar (q
Flock - This Idea is also expressed by Ezekiel: “And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd
Book - A very good Idea may be formed of an ancient roll by supposing a common newspaper to have rods or rollers at the right and left sides
Beat - , "type") denotes "to smite, strike, or beat," usually not with the Idea of giving a thrashing as with dero
Begin, Beginning, Beginner - " So also arose the Idea of "a beginning," the origin, the active cause, whether a person or thing, e
Account - In 2 Corinthians 3:5 the Apostle uses it in repudiation of Idea that he and fellow-servants of God are so self-sufficient as to "account anything" (RV) as from themselves (AV, "think"), i
Admonition, Admonish - " Names were given to men from the nature of their business (see the same word in Acts 11:26 ; Romans 7:3 ); hence, the Idea of dealing with a person and receiving instruction
Almond Tree - The Idea which the appearance of the almond rod suggested to his mind, is confirmed by the exposition of God himself: "I am watching over, or on account of, my word to fulfil it;" and this double mode of instruction, first by emblem, and then by exposition, was certainly intended to make a deeper impression on the mind both of Jeremiah and of the people to whom he was sent
Acts of the Apostles - Keeping this Idea steadily in view, we shall see that all the events recorded fall naturally into their places, and that any seeming abruptness is sufficiently accounted for
Number - Certain numbers, as 7,10,40,100, were regarded as giving the Idea of completeness
Puteoli - 287) to ‘were entreated by them’ (ἐπʼ αὐτοῖς), which would convey the Idea that St
Blessing - (For a similar Idea, but with opposite results, see CURSE
Tongue - 8) are connected with the tongue, a psycho-physical Idea underlies the usage, which springs from the conception of the organ as an integral part of the whole personality
Confess, Confession - The biblical concepts expressed by the words "confess" and "confession" have in common the Idea of an acknowledgment of something. This is the root Idea of the two verbs that lie behind the great majority of occurrences of the words "confess" and "confession" in the English Bible: Hebrew yadaa [1] (in the hiphil root) and Greek homologeo [2]. The two biblical Ideas of confession are here, therefore, united. Here we see the Idea of confession as a conscious and public acknowledgement that God's holy law has been transgressed (see also Leviticus 26:40 ; Numbers 5:7 )
Humanity of Christ - His discourses moved along according to the laws of human address, Idea suggesting Idea according to the laws of natural association. But the higher ranges of reason, the intuitive knowledge of the meaning of great truths, were peculiarly His, as is seen in the wider interpretation of the OT (Matthew 5:17; Matthew 5:21-48), and in the lofty ethical standard which He sets up, itself another instance of the larger interpretation of the OT, forming the still unsurpassed Ideal of human conduct, more and more insisted upon in the social struggles for progress in our own time, the binding force and universal validity of the law of love (Matthew 22:37-40). Thus the struggle in time of temptation is to maintain His spiritual Ideals (Matthew 4:1-11, John 12:27), and Jesus concentrates His attention, as men who will be victorious in time of temptation must, upon the proper object of human attention, upon the great purpose for which He has come into the world (John 18:37; John 19:11). There is also the suggestion of an Idea which is brought out more clearly in the Fourth Gospel,—the same as that suggested above,—that the humanity was the necessary medium of the revelation of God, since it is through Jesus that God ‘speaks’ (John 1:1; John 3:11). This is the central Idea of the Fourth Gospel; but other elements are not lacking, as the necessity of the humanity to the work of instruction, which was a main element of Jesus’ work (John 3:11; John 3:19; John 3:31-32), and which culminated in the revelation of the Father, which needed humanity as the medium of communication to human beings (John 14:9, John 12:45, John 16:15). But pivotal passages, even those which have seemed to give a basis for the Idea that He spoke now ‘as God’ and now ‘as man,’ do not justify such an inference when carefully considered. It is, again, the interest of believers in God, who get higher Ideas of God’s goodness from the greatness of the condescension involved in His ‘becoming flesh
Example - ...
Among the other terms which give expression to the Idea of Christian example, the most prominent are μιμέομαι and μιμητῆς (AV ‘follow’ and ‘follower,’ RV ‘imitate’ and ‘imitator’). Primarily the expression means no more than ‘to accompany’ as a disciple, and yet manifestly it became, in our Lord’s use of it, one of the most characteristic and intensely significant expressions of the Idea of discipleship in all its deepest import. ...
Besides the terms already considered, which give more or less formal expression to the Christian Idea of exampleship, there are many more, which—some of them in the most elementary and untechnical terms—no less definitely express the same thought. The very Idea of discipleship in our Lord’s teaching involved the Idea of the personal exampleship of the Master (see esp. ...
In addition to these and all other specific expressions of the thought of Christ’s exampleship, there stands the great fact that the whole picture which the Evangelists drew of Jesus was made under the powerful influence of the twofold conviction that He was the image of the Father, so that by Him we know the ‘Christ-like God,’ and that He was the Ideal Man—not an Ideal creation of human fancy, but the Ideal-Real come from God Himself
Revelation (2) - But it may help to prepare the way for an answer if we examine the aspects under which the Idea of revelation is set forth in the NT, and the presuppositions which it is necessary to make before the questions that have been rehearsed can be clearly apprehended. We cannot entertain the Idea of a Divine revelation without making certain large assumptions as to God and man of which it is well to remind ourselves at the outset. Aspects of Idea of revelation. —We have now to consider the aspects under which the Idea of revelation‡ Science (2) - Indeed, by the time of Christ the whole circle of historical Ideas had received a fanciful character, because that narrative was deemed to be the best which gave the most laudatory account of the Hebrew heroes. —The Hebrew Idea of truth being so different from our scientific standard, it is to be expected that their way of reaching it would correspondingly differ from our scientific method,—the observation and description of facts. What is said in poetry is equally true to the Hebrew mind when written in prose, as when the Idea of the windows of heaven is repeated in such various literary styles as are found in Genesis 7:11, 2 Kings 7:2, Malachi 3:10. There is nothing, however, that in any real sense corresponds with the modern Idea of law as ‘the résumé or brief expression of the relationships and sequences of certain groups of’ perceptions and conceptions, existing only ‘when formulated by man’ (Karl Pearson). In other words, the Jewish Idea of truth was religious, while the modern Idea is scientific. But the Jewish Idea was never purely religious. There is, indeed, in this thought an element answering to our modern notion of accuracy; it is not, however, explicit, but implicit in the Idea of a faithful or reliable character. Thus Jesus carries the Hebrew Idea of religious truth to its final expression, and in so doing neither anticipates nor challenges the modern notion of scientific truth
Sanctification - In the experience of ‘conversion’ or ‘regeneration,’ symbolized in Christian baptism, lies the root-idea of sanctification. Justification includes the Idea of the willingness of God to remove it, and of its actual removal in an objective sense. With the enrichment of the moral sense, the increasing moralization of the Idea of God, and the growth of individual responsibility which culminated in the teaching of Jesus, guilt became in the NT that condition of heart and life produced by offences, conscious or unconscious, against the love of God. In Hebrews the Ideas of purification, sanctification, and perfection (τελείωσις) are in close affinity to one another. ...
Is there, then, such a thing as progressive sanctification? Strictly speaking, the word ἁγιασμός, as we have seen, contains no such Idea. Any other interpretation would negative the NT Idea of holiness itself. The primitive Idea of holiness, indeed, still persists. It is an illustration of his Idea of progress in sanctification. The progress is in the Idea of God
Ideas (Leading) - IDEAS (LEADING). —The leading Ideas of our Lord may be divided into two classes, Moral and Religious. Moral Ideas. Religious Ideas. Moral Ideas...
1. —This Idea must be placed first on account of its position in our Lord’s teaching. From the beginning the Idea of the Kingdom may be traced throughout the Gospels, and everywhere it will be found to indicate the supreme blessing which comes to man from God. ...
The Idea of a Kingdom of God does not appear first in the NT. Our Lord would not have used the popular language if His meaning had no relation to the Ideas of the popular mind. He holds that our Lord shared the eschatological Ideas of the Jews of His time, but that the essence of His teaching is that the Kingdom is the rule of God in the heart of the individual). It is thus both a present blessing and an Ideal to guide all future development. We are now concerned with the moral aspect of this great Idea. What these characteristics are will be seen as we examine the other leading Ideas of our Lord’s moral teaching. ’ The Idea expressed in this Beatitude is one of the most fundamental in the interpretation of the Law in terms of the gospel. By showing the power of this principle to deepen the received code, He was able to alter the popular conception of the moral Ideal. —This Idea is very frequent in the teaching of our Lord. And this is the true Summum Bonum, the Ideal end, which finds its partial realization in every instance of genuine goodness in the individual life as well as in the life of the community, and which is the highest principle of all moral and social progress, its perfect realization is the great hope of the future, the coming of the Kingdom in glory. Underlying the whole Jewish system was the Idea of a privileged people. —In Matthew 6:33, the Ideal is set before us in two ways, as an objective aim and as a type of character: ‘Seek ye first his kingdom and his righteousness. What we have here is the absolute standard, the highest possible Ideal of character. But the Ideal is brought near to us in a way which is characteristic of Christianity. Jesus Christ Himself is the incarnation of the Ideal. The conception of the Ideal of character was altered
Day of Judgment - It was this extension of punishment, and the increase in the number of the condemned, that gave particular force to the Idea of the remnant which was to be saved. This extension of the Idea is to be found in the apocalypses, which in so many ways lie behind the Judaism current in the time of Jesus. In its new form the thought of the day became increasingly transcendental, and joined to itself the Idea of hell newly derived from the older belief in Sheol. It is difficult to know just when this Idea of hell as a place of punishment, as over against Sheol as the abode of the disembodied dead, was first brought into relation with the Day of Judgment, but by the time of the apocalyptists we find the correlation complete (Ethiopic Enoch 27:2, 3, 48:9, 54:1, 2, 62:12, 13, 90:26, 27). From this Idea of the assize, in which sentences were formally passed by the judge, arose the two opposing concepts of condemnation and acquittal. The imagery with which He clothes this fundamental Idea is Jewish, and must be treated in the same method as all prophetic imagery. The belief in the same great assize is to be seen lying behind the Idea of condemnation (κρίμα) which is so frequently met with in the NT
Tongues, Gift of - This view starts with the doubtless true Idea that ‘tongue’ means ‘language’ here. ’ All the NT passages either suggest or agree with the Idea of worship
Tribulation - ...
It was a common eschatological Idea that before the Judgment could come evils of all kinds would greatly increase. This Idea is found, e
Sea of Glass - This Idea is present also in the Avesta and in most early religions. the Idea in the passage quoted above from the Bundahiš, where the righteous walking through the fire-flood are unharmed by it)
Legalism - However, the Idea is found in both Testaments. It is noteworthy that in several of these contexts the Idea of boasting is also present (Romans 3:27 ; Galatians 2:20 a; 6:13 )
Mansion - 2 and 23, concrete and abstract respectively, will be derived from the Idea of rest that has become attached to the word, as well as from the original Idea of remaining. Their consummation realizes the Ideal of John 17:21; John 17:23; meanwhile they are the NT fulfilment of the two OT Ideals of rest: ‘Rest in the Lord and wait patiently for him’ (Psalms 37:7), and ‘Arise, O Lord, into thy resting-place; thou, and the ark of thy strength’ (Psalms 132:8)
Creation - The passage in Hebrews 11 is important, because as men have no Idea how anything can be brought into existence from nothing, they have talked of 'the eternity of matter;' the passage says it is 'by faith we understand' that the worlds were made by the word of God, so that seen things were not made of what is apparent. ...
To this theory it is objected that the words 'the evening and the morning' are too definite a description of the meaning of the word 'day' to allow the Idea of indefinite periods
Flesh - Thus ‘flesh’ is combined or contrasted with ‘spirit’ (Romans 2:28-29, 1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Peter 3:18), as ‘body’ is with ‘soul’ (Matthew 10:28) or ‘spirit’ (1 Corinthians 6:20, James 2:26), apart from any Idea of disparagement, and only by way of indicating the fact that man is a unity of matter and spirit, of a lower part which links him to the outer world of Nature and a higher part which brings him into relation with God, both of them being essential to the completeness of his personality (1 Corinthians 6:19-20, 2 Corinthians 5:1-4). That this use of ‘flesh,’ although pointing to human weakness, is free from any Idea of moral taint, is sufficiently shown by the fact that it is employed to describe the human nature of Christ Himself (John 1:14, Romans 1:3; Romans 9:5, 1 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 2:14) by writers who are absolutely convinced of His sinlessness (John 8:46, 1 John 3:5, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 7:26)
Celsus, Polemical Adversary of Christianity - ...
But questions far more interesting than personal ones are raised by his attack on Christianity, of which enough has been preserved by Origen in his contra Celsum to convey to us a very tolerable Idea of its nature. It would be hard, again, to cavil at his Ideas of the Divine Nature; he speaks of men "burning with the love of it" (i. He has no Idea of regarding Christianity from the inside, and of inquiring into the reason of its influence; he uses jest for argument, and interprets everything in a bad sense
Bear - The Idea of supporting what is placed upon a thing is prominent in 1 Thessalonians 3:1,5 ("forbear"), and 1 Corinthians 13:7 . The Idea is that of not being unduly disturbed by the faults and ignorance of others; or rather perhaps of feeling in some measure, in contrast to the full feeling with expressed in the verb sumpatheo in Hebrews 4:15 , with reference to Christ as the High Priest
Bear - The Idea of supporting what is placed upon a thing is prominent in 1 Thessalonians 3:1,5 ("forbear"), and 1 Corinthians 13:7 . The Idea is that of not being unduly disturbed by the faults and ignorance of others; or rather perhaps of feeling in some measure, in contrast to the full feeling with expressed in the verb sumpatheo in Hebrews 4:15 , with reference to Christ as the High Priest
Progress - Man’s progress is a fact, a fact and not an Idea, a fact, however, in which Ideas are embedded and come to manifestation. (2) But this fact does not imply that the Idea of his progress in the path leading towards his destiny has been familiar to man ever since he began his career of advancement. (3) Further, it is only within recent times that the general mind of the more advanced civilized races of mankind has become possessed by the Idea and moved by the sentiment of the progressive destiny to which man is called in this world, and those men constitute a small minority who have begun in any true sense to realize the momentous importance of the meaning with which the fact of human progress is charged. Among them there had been developed, many centuries prior to Christ’s time, Ideas and sentiments, aspirations and hopes relative to the progressive destiny of mankind, which were entirely phenomenal, and which possessed immense value, partly because in many points they were highly enlightened, partly because of their profound moral significance, and partly because of the service they rendered in the preparation of the way for the new, progressive era to be ushered into the life of humanity by Christ’s advent (e. The people of Israel, as the passages referred to show, conceived of their own ‘golden age’ and that of the Gentile peoples as lying not behind but ahead of them in the less or more distant future, and they were the first people in whose mind this Idea shaped and rooted itself. In this outlook of theirs on the future all those elements which formed their general Idea of the fact of progress came into play. , that if conditions had favoured the free and full development of all the Ideas of progress and of all the progressive sentiments and strivings to which the worthiest leaders and teachers of the nation had attained in the noontide of the prophetic age, and if this development had continued until the fulness of the times had arrived for Christ’s appearance, two things would have happened: the task of His Mission, on the one hand, would have been immensely lightened; and, on the other, the task of Christianity in evolving the moral progress of mankind would have been less difficult, and its success greatly accelerated. The religion of the Prophets, which in its Ideas, sentiments, and strivings had begun to cross the boundaries of exclusive nationality, had been changed, as a system of law, as a method of Divine worship and service, as a way of salvation, and as a political Ideal, into a narrow, rigid, national institution; and this institution, it was claimed, had a right to exist throughout all ages, although it was, in effect, a wall of separation not only between Jews and Gentiles, but also between the latter and God. It is evident, however, that the finality which Judaism claimed for itself must have rendered it necessary for Him to put some restrictions on Himself as to His method of communicating and developing His Ideas on the subject of progress. So true is this that a great deal of His teaching—the most of it, indeed, when properly understood—can be construed into a theory of what is meant by the progress of humanity,—a theory never stated by Himself in abstract terms, but embodied in the general order of Ideas that found such diversified forms of expression in His teaching. (6) It was within the domain of the order of these great facts and Ideas, which are all of an essentially moral nature, that Christ conceived the fundamental need of human progress as lying. (7) But it was not Christ’s Idea that the progressive realization of these moral facts and Ideas would come to manifestation only within the invisible moral sphere of the individual and social life of mankind. In Matthew 6:9-10 His mind is to be seen moving within the order of the same Ideas and facts: ‘Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. ...
But these were not the only forms in which Christ expressed His great and rich order of Ideas as to human progress. Man’s progress is evolved in the course of his history, and nothing is more wonderful or beautiful than the parabolic forms in which Christ embodied His Ideas as to the various phases that human progress assumes in the history of its evolution. It was from this point of view that our Lord illustrated His Ideas of human progress in His parable of the Seed Growing Secretly (Mark 4:26-29). From these points of view also our Lord contemplated the evolution of human progress; and He so couched His Ideas on the subject in His parable of the Wheat and the Tares (Matthew 13:24-30; Matthew 13:37-43). His Ideas of human progress and His faith in it are a large part of essential Christianity
Propitiation (2) - —The Idea of propitiation is directly expressed in the NT by the words ἱλάσκομαι, ἱλασμός, and ἱλαστήριον, which occur but six times. This question must be considered on the broader ground of His thought of the relation in which His work stood to the Levitical sacrifices out of which the Idea of propitiation grew. ...
If the conclusion be accepted that these sacrifices were expiatory and vicarious, we have a clear Idea of the purpose our Lord supposed His death served. Consequently He had ‘many things to say’ to them which they could not bear before His death shattered their false Ideas (John 16:1-13). While the word ‘propitiation’ is used so seldom, the Idea that our Lord’s work was a propitiation is woven into the warp and woof of them all. Paul’s general circle of Ideas. It is in harmony with the central Idea of the Levitical sacrifices for sin from which the pivotal word ἱλαστήριον is derived. Idea of Atonement (1904), 191; W
King - This Idea has been lost sight of by later Jewish writers, but there is little doubt that in early times the king regarded himself as the supreme religious director, the chief priest. It was a fixed Idea in ancient Israel that the office of the kingship passed from father to son, as the judgeship passed from Gideon to his sons ( Judges 9:2 ), or from Samuel to his sons ( 1 Samuel 8:1 ). The Idea was never lost sight of that the office was instituted for the good of the nation, and that it ought to be a help, not a burden, to the people at large
King (2) - It was the conviction of the primitive community that the Idea of a Messianic kingdom upon earth—whether eternal (Luke 1:33) or of limited duration (Revelation 20:4 ff. To all appearance He desired to eradicate from the minds of His hearers the prevailing Idea of a Davidic ruler, and to substitute for it another Messianic figure, viz. ]'>[5] suffice it to say here, that the announcement of a cosmical catastrophe, of a new aeon, in which the existing sway of Satan shall be destroyed, and God shall be all in all, is intrinsically incompatible with the Idea of a Messianic King standing side by side with the Most High
Perfect Perfection - Paul’s Ideal of the man of God includes his possession of every gift of grace necessary for the discharge of the duties of the Christian calling. ...
(a) When there has been deterioration or fracture, wear or tear, the Idea of ‘perfecting’ includes that of repairing. The Idea of ‘completeness,’ understood as implying the complete equipment of the individual believer and the harmonious co-operation of the members of the community, is dominant in the passages enumerated above. … The Idea is that, not of qualitative, but of effective perfection: and τετελείωται might be translated more unambiguously by “fulfilled” or “accomplished” than by “perfected
Elect, Election - The self-identification of Jesus with the Ideal Servant of Jehovah (Luke 4:18 f. Here we have the Idea in prominence, but by way of interpretation rather than by direct statement (cf. ’ Whatever we may think of the orthodoxy of this teaching, it is at least interesting as showing how completely the habits of thought in the early Church were dominated by this aspect of the Incarnation, and how men strove by the aid of reason to harmonize the Ideas underlying the titles of ‘Servant’ and ‘Son’ (see Sim. ...
As the Christological Ideas of the early Church begin to emerge and to crystallize, we find this one holding a firm place, while at the same time another equally emphatic conception begins to assert itself. This was apprehended very soon by the Fathers of the Church, who never separate the Idea of the election of Jesus from that of the community (ὁ ἐκλεξάμενος τὸν Κύριον Ἰησοῦν Χριστὸν καὶ ἡμᾶς διʼ αὑτοῦ, κ. ἑκδίκησόν με ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀντιδίκου μου, Luke 18:3, where the first Idea is prominent; and ἐκδικεῖς … ἐκ τῶν, κ. It is possible that, by interpreting the cry of the elect in this twofold sense, we are able to obtain a clearer Idea of the meaning of the ‘longsuffering’ of God with regard to them (μακροθυμεῖ ἐπʼ αὐτοῖς). ‘It might, of course, be objected, that the Idea of the universality of the judgment leaves no sufficient reason for restricting the disciples’ work to the Jewish people, and that the heathen were perhaps even in more urgent need of the disciples’ preaching than the Jews, since to the latter had been given the Law and the Prophets
Grace - -Grace is a theistic Idea. It emerges inevitably in the progress of religious thought and practice with the Idea of God’s separateness from man (cf. It differentiates their doctrine not only from Christ’s, but from all ethnic and prophetic Ideas. ]'>[5] and the immensely richer experience is reflected in the ampler refinement of their Idea of grace and its more commanding place in their system. ]'>[24] -a favourite Idea of the apostles
Convert, Conversion - First Peter 2:25 uses the picture of coming to the great shepherd to express this Idea
Doubt, Doubtful, Doubting - " Perplexity is the main Idea
Divide, Divider, Dividing - , "to cut straight" (orthos, "straight," temno, "to cut"), is found in 2 Timothy 2:15 , AV, "rightly dividing," RV, "handling aright" (the word of truth); the meaning passed from the Idea of cutting or "dividing," to the more general sense of "rightly dealing with a thing
Self-Deception - It renders us the slaves of procrastination, leads us to over-rate ourselves, flatters us with an Idea of easy victory, confirms our evil habits, and exposes us to the greatest danger
Murmur, Murmuring - (Luke 15:2; Luke 19:7), where διά seems to give the Idea of a general pervasive murmuring through the whole assembly, or perhaps it means alternative murmuring ‘among one another,’ certandi significationem addit’ (Hermann)
Blameless - The concept of blamelessness carries with it two different, yet not dissimilar Ideas. ...
From this religious ritual Idea comes the notion of moral perfection for individuals
Thessalo'Nians, First Epistle to the, - It has often been observed, for instance, that there is in the Epistles to the Thessalonians no mention of the characteristic contrast of "faith and works;" that the word "justification" does not once occur; that the Idea of dying with Christ and living with Christ, so frequent in St
Chaos - ” In the Old Testament, several Hebrew words convey the Idea meaning emptiness, waste, desolation, and void
Circumcision - ...
In the Old Testament a spiritual Idea is attached to circumcision
Laying on of Hands - ...
There is a sense in which the Idea of separation for a special purpose, so clearly visible in many instances, binds together all the occurrences of the phrase
Steward - ’ Here the Idea of stewardship almost disappears, as it is the Master’s own management that is referred to
Michael - In accordance with the Jewish eschatological Idea of a celestial battle which is to precede this triumph (Sib
Honest - The Idea of honesty in our modern sense is fairly conspicuous in the writings of the Apostolic Church (contrast the Gospels, where there is practically no direct reference to this virtue; see article ‘Honesty’ in Dict
Gallio - Paul a new Idea of the protection he could gain from the Roman law
Keys - ...
In the two remaining passages (Revelation 9:1; Revelation 20:1) the use of the word (‘the key of the pit of the abyss,’ ‘the key of the abyss’) depends on the Idea familiar in Jewish cosmogony, viz
Spikenard - † Sosthenes - Revised Version , dropping οἱ Ἕλληνες, favours the Idea that it was the Jews who beat Sosthenes, venting on their own leader their rage over their disappointment
Adam - The serpent is nowhere, in the OT, identified with the devil; the Idea is not found till Wis 2:23 ]'>[8]; by a deliberate following of the lower nature against which he had begun to strive, man first caused sin to exist ( Wis 2:6 ); with the instant result of a feeling of shame ( Wis 2:7 ), and the world-wide consequence of pain, trouble, and death ( Wis 2:14-19 ), and the cessation for ever of the former state of innocent ignorance and bliss ( Wis 2:22-24 )
Ahab - It is clear that Ahab had no Idea of displacing Jahweh altogether, for he gave his children names which indicated his devotion to Him
Towel - )...
We shall have a more lively Idea of this most interesting scene, as well as the wonderful grace and condescension of the Almighty Redeemer in this act of his, if we attend to what was the custom of the dress among those eastern people in the days of our Lord
All - In this case, the prominent Idea is that of “plurality,” a heterogeneous unit: “And it came to pass from the time that he had made him overseer in his house, and over all that he had, that the Lord blessed the Egyptian’s house for Joseph’s sake; and the blessing of the Lord was upon all that he had in the house, and in the field” ( Boasting - The only place where ‘boast’ is now found is in James 3:5 -‘the tongue also is a little member and boasteth great things’; but here the verb is not καυχᾶται but αὐχεῖ, and the Idea ‘is properly to stretch the neck and hold up the head in pride, and hence to speak with proud confidence’ (Hort, ad loc
Form - ) That assemblage or disposition of qualities which makes a conception, or that internal constitution which makes an existing thing to be what it is; - called essential or substantial form, and contradistinguished from matter; hence, active or formative nature; law of being or activity; subjectively viewed, an Idea; objectively, a law
Ass - The Idea of the stupidity of the ass is the same in the East as in the West
Composition - In literature, the act of inventing or combining Ideas, clothing them with words, arranging them in order, and in general, committing them to paper, or otherwise writing them. The act of uniting simple Ideas in a complex Idea or conception opposed to analysis
Love to God - Nor can these two Ideas, I think, be well separated; for, however some may argue that genuine love to God should arise only from a sense of his amiableness, yet I think it will be difficult to conceive how it can exist, abstracted from the Idea of his relative goodness. Shall we, therefore, utterly discard that generous passion, and consider it as nothing more than the unnatural fervour of a romantic imagination? Every heart revolts against so wild a thought! and why, then, must we suffer the lover of God to be banished out of the world, because it has been sometimes improperly represented or indiscreetly exercised? It is not either from the visionary mystic, the sensual fanatic, or the frantic zealot, but from the plain word of God, that we are to take our Ideas of this divine sentiment
Witness - ' The Idea runs all through the scriptures in respect both to God Himself and to His people
Ambassage - Paul uses the corresponding verb in 2 Corinthians 5:20, where he describes the Christian preachers as ‘ambassadors for Christ,’ and in Ephesians 6:20 the Idea is repeated
Temple - ” Most versions opt in favor of the “temple” Idea: “Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord God be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple” ( Carmel - Its sides are steep and rugged; the soil neither deep nor rich; and among the naked rocks stinted with plants, and wild forests which it presents to the eye, there are at present but few traces of that fertility which we are accustomed to associate with the Idea of Mount Carmel
Hell - Thus, as Stuart observes, in his "Essay on Future Punishment," while the Old Testament employs sheol, in most cases to designate the grave, the region of the dead, the place of departed spirits, it employs it also, in some cases, to designate along with this Idea the adjunct one of the place of misery, place of punishment, region of wo
Form - ) That assemblage or disposition of qualities which makes a conception, or that internal constitution which makes an existing thing to be what it is; - called essential or substantial form, and contradistinguished from matter; hence, active or formative nature; law of being or activity; subjectively viewed, an Idea; objectively, a law
Power - In general the word means ability for doing something, and includes the Idea of adequate strength, might, skill, resources, energy, and efficiency, either material, mental, or spiritual, to effect intended results
World - Aion is always to be distinguished from kosmos, even where the two seem to express the same Idea, e
Ignorance, Ignorant, Ignorantly - A — 1: ἄγνοια (Strong's #52 — Noun Feminine — agnoia — ag'-noy-ah ) "want of knowledge or perception" (akin to agnoeo, "to be ignorant"), denotes "ignorance" on the part of the Jews regarding Christ, Acts 3:17 ; of Gentiles in regard to God, 17:30; Ephesians 4:18 (here including the Idea of willful blindness: see Romans 1:28 , not the "ignorance" which mitigates guilt); 1 Peter 1:14 , of the former unregenerate condition of those who became believers (RV, "in the time of your ignorance")
Mouth Lips - The same Idea underlies the demand that the mouths of evil speakers be stopped (Titus 1:11, ἐπιστομίζειν; cf
Neighbour - of the same or some adjacent district), and is thus akin to קָרוֹב, but on the whole, in the words translated ‘neighbour,’ the Idea of fellowship is much stronger than that of proximity, and in a number of passages, as a rendering of רַעַ, ‘fellow’ or ‘fellows’ should perhaps be substituted
Incarnation (2) - —The Idea of union with God: (1) in the ethnic faiths; (2) in Greek philosophy—(a) the Stoics, (b) Philo; (3) in the religion of Israel. —Christian theology has employed many ruling Ideas in order that, by means of them, it might harmonize and systematize the mass of material presented in Scripture and in experience. Only as man thinks the Divine thoughts, wills the Divine will, and acts in the Divine strength, does he reach the truth of his own nature, or realize his Ideal self. ...
(2) The Idea of union with God is, further, the presupposition and the ruling category of philosophic thought. To think at all, implies that there is present to the mind the Ideal of a unity in and to which the manifold details of the universe exist. Philosophy is simply the verification and application of this Ideal. ’ From them, again, it has descended, in ever deepening complexity, to the days when the absolute Idealism of Hegel is met by the demand to do justice to the reality and independence of the Self. At the same time, simply because it was no more than faith in an Idea, it was bound to fail. Philo’s Idea of God is Jewish only in name. The ‘idea’ of Plato and the ‘pure form’ of Aristotle have alike proved incapable of gathering into one the diverse elements of the universe. The reason of its failure is that the reconciliation which it offers is in Idea merely, not in historic fact; in thought, and not in life. Comparison between the two lines of development, that of Greek philosophy and that of the religion of Israel, shows that the ruling Idea of both was union with God, and, through this, the unifying of all the elements of the life of man and of nature. The reconciliation of God and man is effected not merely in Idea, but in a historic Person. They are approximations to an Ideal. He is the Ideal
Church (2) - We shall not, therefore, on any theory, expect to find in the Gospels a complete and explicit account of the foundation and characteristics of the Church, and it will be a convenient method of procedure to take the chief elements of the conception of the Church which was generally accepted at a later date, when the community was fully constituted, and to inquire how far these can be traced back to the teaching of Christ Himself, and how far they may be regarded as later accretions, or the natural but not necessary development of Ideas which existed before, if at all, only in germ. —The Idea of a covenant relation between God and man is found in the earliest records of the Hebrew race. The Idea of a national God was, of course, shared by the Jews with all the nations with which they came into contact; but as their conception of the Deity advanced, and their religion developed through monolatry into a pure monotheism, the Idea of Jehovah as a national God passed into the Idea of the selection of Israel by the one God of all the earth for a special destiny and special privileges. After the fall of the actual kingdom, the Idea of the future kingdom became, to a great extent, Idealized, and in close connexion with it there grew up the expectation of a personal Messiah. In using these terms, He must have intended to appeal to, and to a great extent to sanction, the Ideas and hopes of those whom He addressed. He would not allow His followers to think of appealing to force (Matthew 26:52), He repudiated the Idea of being a ruler or a judge of ordinary contentions (Luke 12:14), He accepted the payment of tribute to an alien potentate as a thing indifferent (Mark 12:17). But these two Ideas are complementary, and the one implies the other. It may be true that ‘by the words the Kingdom of God our Lord denotes not so much His disciples, whether individually or even as forming a collective body, as something which they receive—a state upon which they enter’ (Robertson, Regnum Dei); but at the same time the whole history of the growth of the Idea of the Kingdom led, naturally, to the belief that the Kingdom of God about which Christ taught would be expressed and realized in a society. There is also contemporary evidence of the Ideas of a somewhat later period in St. It is particularly with reference to this teaching that a distinction has been drawn between the actual and the Ideal Church. This distinction is a real one, if it means that the Ideal of the Church has never yet been realized in fact. It has been maintained that the Idea of the unity of the Church is an afterthought, caused by the strong tendency to religious associations which prevailed in the Empire in the early ages of Christianity
Inspiration - In Scripture itself we find the Idea in Hosea 9:7 (LXX Septuagint) expressed by the word πνευματοφόρος—though in this case the inspiration was not Divine. ) is sufficient as conveying the general Idea attached to the word. To the Idea that knowledge is supernaturally conveyed to persons who are not in the historic line of Scriptural revelation, sanction is given in the OT by the instances of Abimelech, Pharaoh, and Balaam. ’...
This belief in the inspiration of the OT was the natural and inevitable result of the phenomena it presented; and was not, as has sometimes been suggested, the mere reflexion of the vague Idea that all ancient writings, especially if poetical, were inspired. ’ It must, however, also be borne in mind that among the Jews themselves it was the Law, rather than the Prophets, which satisfied, and perhaps suggested, their Idea of inspiration. And in determining which of these is correct, we must be guided not by a priori Ideas of the results which must flow from inspiration, but only by the phenomena presented in the Bible; in other words, by the actual effects of inspiration as these are seen in the writings of inspired men. Plato countenanced the Idea that the inspired man is so possessed by the Divine that his words and thoughts are not his own. The authors, instead of being passive recipients of information and Ideas and feelings, represent themselves as active, deliberating, laborious, intensely interested
Acts of the Apostles - Paul to make Christianity the religion of the Roman Empire (see § 7 ; henceforward the author calls Saul of Tarsus by his Roman name, one which he must have borne all along, for the purposes of his Roman citizenship); the Council of Jerusalem, the vindication of Pauline teaching by the Church; the call to Macedonia, not as being a passing from one continent to another, for the Romans had not this geographical Idea, nor yet as a passing over to a strange people, but partly as a step forwards in the great plan, the entering into a new Roman province, and especially the association for the first time with the author (§ 3 ); the residence at Corinth, the great city on the Roman highway to the East, where Gallio’s action paved the way for the appeal to Cæsar; and the apprehension at Jerusalem. He seems to have formed the great Idea of Christianity being the religion of the Roman Empire, though not confined to it. Hence may be understood his zeal for Gentile liberty, and his breaking away from the Idea of Jewish exclusiveness. ...
Following the same Idea, the author represents the Roman officials in the colonies as more favourable to St. 22) that the writer’s interests and views are incompatible with the Idea of a 2nd cent. From the reasoning of §§ 2, 8 (see also § 12 ) we must reject the Idea of a 2nd cent
Caesarea Philippi - ...
The key to the situation at Caesarea, its controlling Idea, is to be sought neither in the confession of Peter nor in the promise to Peter, but in Jesus’ announcement of His approaching Passion. The Greek Πέτρος, like the Aramaic Kçphâ, means a rock, and suggests the Idea of firmness or strength. The Idea of building a community or Church was familiar from the OT (cf. The Idea of such a community cannot have been strange to the disciples who had just confessed their faith in Him. By speaking of it He made plain to them that the Idea was included in His purpose, and thus formed an element in His Messianic consciousness. His work had, indeed, not yet taken on its Church-form, but this was not due to the fact that the Idea of such a Messianic community was foreign to His purpose. It is not strange, therefore, that He speaks but seldom of His Church, and dwells on the Ideas of the Kingdom, faith and discipleship, in which its spiritual character and principles are set forth
Offence (2) - —This article deals with the Ideas connected with the words σκάνδαλον and σκανδαλίζειν, and, in so far as they are applied in the same moral sphere, with those suggested by προσκόπτειν, πρόσκομμα, and ἀπρόσκοπος. The one Idea which is constant in every use of the word, literal or figurative, is that of hurt sustained; it may even be of ruin incurred, by the person who encounters the σκάνδαλον. It is the same Idea, mutatis mutandis, which is found in Mark 4:17 and || Mt. We are in the same circle of Ideas in Matthew 24:1 f. Paul’s words, written in immediate connexion with his Idea of Christ as σκάνδαλον: ‘Jews claim signs. Thus the Pharisees in Matthew 15:12 were offended by the word in which He seemed to abolish the distinction between clean and unclean meats: they could not get over the Idea that a distinction on which so much of their sanctity depended should be so summarily swept away. —When we pass from Jesus to the Apostolic writings, we find new illustrations and applications of His teaching, but no new ethical Ideas. In both these passages the central Idea is that of Christian liberty, and the problem is what are the Christian conditions of its exercise. In the end of this chapter the Idea of offence is generalized
Salvation - The fundamental meaning of ישׁע appears to be ‘enlargement,’ whence the notion of ‘deliverance’ naturally springs, the same association of Ideas being observed in the use of ‘compression,’ ‘confinement’ as figures for ‘distress. ’ So far as the verbal forms of both roots are concerned, the Idea of ‘saving’ is entirely negative, that of deliverance from some evil, no reflexion being passed upon favourable, positive consequences. In so far as salvation is valued not merely from the point of view of its benefits for man, but as a pledge of the Divine favour, the Idea becomes spiritualized in principle. The question is not, of course, whether the element of ‘healing’ as a connotated Idea should be entirely eliminated from σώζειν. While the latter was one of the purposes for which they were intended—and this is brought out prominently in the Fourth Gospel—in the Synoptics, where Jesus’ teaching is centred in the Kingdom-idea, the miracles are before all else signs of the actual approach of the Kingdom,—proofs that the saving power of God, which calls the Kingdom into being, is already in motion, and therefore so many instances of σώζειν. Thus only can we naturally explain the fact that, where ‘salvation’ has a direct religious reference, both in our Lord’s own and in the later Apostolic teaching, the close connexion between it and the Ideas of death and life is unmistakable
Call, Calling - We are probably not to confuse this with the mere of a name; though, according to the Ideas of the ancient world, so much power is wrapped up in names that there may be a certain infiltration of that thought in the Biblical usage of calling name. ’ ‘Call’ as a substantive occurs in English much earlier than our Authorized Version, but presumably the purely physical Idea—the audible call—was too strongly marked in it to allow of its standing for God’s address to the conscience. In our modern use of ‘calling,’ something seems borrowed from the Idea of a worldly calling, viz. However that may be, the Idea of Divine vocation in daily concerns could not be ruled out from Christian thought. Thus inevitably Christians have been led to formulate the Idea of a lifelong Divine vocation, covering all externals, but centring in the heart
Plan - (1) The Messianic hope was inseparably bound up with the Idea of the Kingdom of God. (2) He desired to rid the Messianic Idea of the national and political character with which the popular imagination had invested it. It was necessary, first of all, to create a new Ideal in the mind of the people by the revelation of His own character and life. How did He intend that His work should be completed? How far did He contemplate the world-wide extension of the Christian community after His death? The answer must largely depend on the interpretation of His Idea of the Kingdom of God, which is still in many points obscure. Even the Messianic title, as claimed by Him, assumed a new meaning in which the traditional patriotic Idea was wholly lost
Headship - Paul when he describes Jesus Christ Himself as the chief corner-stone of a holy temple (Ephesians 2:20), we find the connecting link between the Idea of the Headship of Christ as it is expressed in the Gospels and the similar conception of St. Paul, still further working out the same Idea, adopts a different figure, that of the head as the seat of life in the body, that which controls and regulates the action of each individual member (Ephesians 1:22-23; Ephesians 4:15-16; Ephesians 5:23; Ephesians 5:28-30, Colossians 1:18; Colossians 2:19). The Idea of Headship is suggested in the Gospels in connexion with another figure, in our Lord’s similitude of the Vine (John 15:1 ff. before σῶμα (absent in 1 Corinthians 12:27) now shows, it is the writer’s intention that the figure should be applied not to any local church merely, but to the Church universal, and to this Church Ideally conceived—the actual Church, no doubt, but regarded sub specie aeternitatis, so that the radiance of the heavenly antitype shines through the earthly form. The Incarnation not only reveals the kinship of the ‘man from heaven’ with all the sons of men; it sets Him before them as the true spiritual Head of humanity, in whom the race is Ideally summed up
Predestination - word ( proorizo ) conveys the simple Idea of defining or determining beforehand (thus, in addition to above, in Acts 4:29 , 1 Corinthians 2:7 ). In the OT the Idea is expressed by the various words denoting to purpose, determine, choose ( e. As Plato says in his Parmenides that nothing, not even the meanest object, is unpenetrated by the Idea, so even the minutest details, and seemingly most casual happenings, of life (the numbering of hairs, the fall of a sparrow, Matthew 10:29-30 ) are included in the Divine providence
Covenant - ...
The Idea of Covenant . ...
The biblical words most often translated "covenant" are berit [1]); still others have seen the Ideas of perceiving or determining as root concepts. This Idea of bond will be explicated more fully. ...
The generally accepted Idea of binding or establishing a bond between two parties is supported by the use of the term berit [ Genesis 26:26-31 ). Did biblical writers borrow the Idea of the covenant and its integral elements from pagan sources when the Old Testament was written—elements such as a self-presentation of the suzerain and his activities, including those done on behalf of the vassals, statements of intent, stipulations, and assurances of well-being if obedient and of curses if disobedient? The legal covenants included provisions for continuity, with emphasis on the suzerain's claim to vassals' children, and were confirmed by an oath or a special ratification ceremony, like the cutting in half of an ox or cow or the sharing of a meal as the conclusion of the act of covenanting. Some say that the Idea of covenant arose initially in the minds of the Israelites after they had been at Mount Sinai. To account for references to the covenant in the Noahic and patriarchal accounts, scholars have incorrectly said that later editors of Genesis inserted the Idea of covenant to give historical evidence and credence to what Israel later believed. The Ideas of blessing (life) and curse (death) thus were also included
Victorinus Afer - ...
Candidus had objected to the orthodox doctrine that in asserting generation in God, it asserted change ("omnis generatio per mutationem est"), and thus contradicted the essential Idea of God; and further that the Idea of a "genitus Deus ex prae-existente substantia" is in contradiction to the "simplicity" of the Divine substance. Dwelling on Ideas such as these of the Divine immutability and simplicity, he believed himself, in fighting against the Catholic doctrine, to be contending for the dignity of God, "the infinite, the incomprehensible, the unknowable, the invisible, the unchangeable" (Candidi Arian. 4, 1116 C, where the Word is almost identified with the Platonic "ideas"; at least, He contains the Ideas in Himself, as "species" or "potentiae principales. All the history of the soul in its descent into matter, and its recovery therefrom through the Incarnate Christ, is only the development of the Idea of the soul which pre-existed eternally, individually, and substantially in the Mind and Will of God. ...
The Idea of a being or beings mediating between the supreme God and the lower world was common to almost all the later schools of ancient philosophy (see Zeller, pp. Again, Victorinus's formula for the Trinity, the "status, progressio, regressus," is the reflex of a neo-Platonic Idea—an Idea first definitely formulated by Proclus but implied by Plotinus—the Idea of all progress and development of life involving (1) the immanence of the caused in that which causes it, (2) the issuing of the caused out of that which causes it, (3) the return of the caused into that which causes it. ...
It is in describing the relation of the Λόγος to the world, in His function as Creator, that, as we have seen, Victorinus allows himself to be too entirely moulded by neo-Platonic Ideas. ...
This brief account will help us to recognize the "divine preparation" for Christianity involved in the independent growth of the neo-Platonic system—so many philosophic Ideas needed for the intellectual presentation of Christianity being made ready to hand—and shows Victorinus as a pioneer in claiming for Christianity the products of philosophy, a pioneer whose name has well-nigh passed into undeserved oblivion
Magi - ...
The doctrine of the fravashi , just now referred to, may be paralleled rather closely in the Bible; and it is at least possible that the knowledge of this dogma, as prevailing in Media, may have stimulated the growth of the corresponding Idea among post-exilic Jews. The two peoples came to the great Idea by different roads
Body of Christ - Indeed, the Idea that the one can represent the many is not at all limited to Hebrew culture (M. In the end, it is best to imagine Paul enlisting various themes and background Ideas while forging a unique and versatile metaphor that served his own ecclesiological and christological purposes. Banks, Paul's Idea of Community ; J
Saint - It is important to recall the fundamental Idea of ‘holy,’ which is primarily a religious and not an ethical Idea (see article Holiness). He is one who is, from the Ideal point of view, no longer subject to any external rule or ‘law’; from whom no tracts of the world’s life are fenced off by any arbitrary or conventional requirement; whose only ‘constraint’ is the ‘love of Christ,’ especially as revealed in His Cross (2 Corinthians 5:14); in other words, one who ‘possesses the kingdom’ (Daniel 7:22), accepts the rule of God, and suffers it to bring forth its own fruits in character and moral attitude. No Christian apart from others can perfectly fulfil the moral and spiritual Ideal, or attain to ‘eternal life. The enervating sense of impossibility, and the facile acceptance of a two-fold standard of living, so interwoven with the popular use of the word ‘saint,’ are really the still persistent product of the monastic Ideal, and are seen to be, what they really are, a fundamental denial of the Christian faith, which is essentially the acceptance of a filial relationship to God
Perseverance - In hypomone [1] there is the Idea of energetic resistance, steadfastness under pressure, and endurance in the face of trials. It is closely linked with the Idea of hope (Psalm 5:11 ; 7:1 ; 15:1 ; 16:7 )
Care - cura, and from the Idea of attention thus obtained was held to express the particular trouble of the mind due to over-attention, viz. Care arises from a division at the very centre of life, an attempt to serve both God and mammon, to ‘worship the Lord and serve other gods,’ or it arises from the radically false Idea that ‘a man’s life consisteth in the abundance of the things which he possesseth
Caesar, Caesar's Household - The word familia is the later form of the older famulia, derived from famulus, a household-slave, and in Latin conies with it the Idea especially of the collection of slaves and freedmen in a house. In the Imperial palace at Rome they can hardly have numbered fewer than 2000, and an Idea of the variety of their occupations can be got from a study of the list of nouns joined to a, ab in J
Debt, Debtor - ἀρραβών (Ephesians 1:14) presents the Idea of pledge (mortgage), earnest money to guarantee the full payment (Deissmann, op. would have thought of finding in the word διαθήκη the Idea of “covenant” St
Book of Life - The phrase thus carries a suggestion of predestination; but this is not thought of as absolute, since the Idea of blotting out a name from the book of life occurs quite freely. The Idea of a book of fate or prophetic history, is represented by the ‘heavenly tablets,’ lxxxi
Come, Came - ...
27: ἐφίστημι (Strong's #2186 — Verb — ephistemi — ef-is'-tay-mee ) signifies "to stand by or over" (epi, "upon"), Luke 2:9 , RV: Acts 12:7 ; "before," Acts 11:11 ; to come upon, Luke 20:1 (here with the Idea of suddenness); Acts 4:1 ; 6:12 ; 23:27 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:3 ; "coming up," of the arrival of Anna at the Temple, Luke 2:38 ; "came up to (Him)," of Martha, Luke 10:40 ; "is come," 2 Timothy 4:6 (probably with the same Idea as in Luke 20:1 )
Unity (2) - But the Idea of the unity of the Church as the ‘body of Christ’ is one that constantly meets us both in positive and in negative forms—in connexion, i. comes nearer in NT use to the Idea of ‘sect,’ though it does not reach it. The Idea of communions severally arranged upon differing bases of opinion or order does not exist within the NT thought. It is presented under similes which convey the Idea of unity: it is one building on one foundation (Matthew 16:18), one enclosed vineyard (Matthew 20:1-11), one shoal taken in a single net (Matthew 13:47-48), one company of watchers (Matthew 25:1-13), or of guests at one feast (Luke 14:7-24); it is a perfect century of sheep, a complete sum of money, and the breaking of its completeness is intolerable (Luke 15:4; Luk_15:8). Forbes, Nicene Creed; Sprott, Macleod Lecture, 1902; Lightfoot, Apostolic Fathers; Gore, Body of Christ; Dale, ‘The Idea of the Church’ in Essays and Addresses, and ‘The Unity of the Church’ (Lect
Holy, Holiness - Similarly, the Idea of holiness is at once understandable and elusive. All of heaven's hosts, Israel, and the church ascribe praise to a holy God because that Idea sets him apart from everything else (Exodus 15:11 ; Isaiah 6:3 ; Revelation 4:8 ). These Ideas, apparent in the pagan religions, were incorporated and then transformed by the Israelites in light of the Holy One who revealed his nature by word and action. Even if one allows the similar Idea of an essential difference between deity and humanity, this occurrence indicates both a contradictory conception of holiness from the typical and a radical transformation of the categories. Personal relationship based on faithfulness was a ludicrous Idea outside Israel. Those Ideas, though never exhausted by the human mind, become the essential terms for biblical faith. Otto, The Idea of the Holy ; O
Ebionism (2) - † Descent Into Hades - ’ But the date of this literature is uncertain, and it may be affected by Christian Ideas. We find, then, that, while the NT gives no explicit sanction to this Idea of the conquest of the powers of the under world and the deliverance of imprisoned souls by Christ’s Descent into Hades, it was firmly established in the 2nd and 3rd cent. The Idea that Christ preached in Hades to the souls who were in bondage there has a somewhat different history. This, according to Clement of Alexandria, who does not countenance the legendary developments of the Idea of liberation, was the sole purpose of Christ’s Descent into Hades, viz. The Odes do not appeal directly to Scripture; and the manner in which they allude to the fact and the purpose of the Descensus shows that it must have been a familiar Christian Idea at the date of their composition. Further, all the Eastern baptismal rites bring in the Idea of the waters (the mysterious region where evil spirits dwell) being terrified at the coming of Christ for baptism, quoting Psalms 77:16; Psalms 114:3; Psalms 29:3 as forecasting this
Resurrection - It was this Idea also that gave such a strong feeling of the incompleteness of the existence in Hades, and inspired the Psalmist’s assurance, ‘Thou wilt not leave my soul to Sheol, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption’ ( Psalms 16:10 , cf. The oldest of the deutero-canonical books is that of ben-Sira, and in his work we look in vain for the Idea of a resurrection, either national or individual. Very different from the foregoing are the Ideas prevalent in this composite apocalyptic writing. Whether, however, the writer intended to convey the Idea of a resurrection of the Gentiles is somewhat doubtful. It might be said, and said with justice, that the foregoing views were representative, not of contemporary popular beliefs and Ideas, but of conceptions prevalent among the educated and thinking classes. We know that materialistic views of this doctrine were held side by side with the more spiritual Ideas so prominent in the Book of Enoch (cf. ...
At this period, too, the Ideas of a universal and of a first and a second resurrection were held and taught (Apoc. While this doctrine of a personal resurrection seems to have made much more headway in the Judaism of this age than the other Ideas referred to above, it also clearly appears that the limitation of its scope to the righteous was more universally held than its extension to the wicked, in spite of the teaching in Daniel ( Daniel 12:2 ), Apoc. In the Lukan version of Jesus’ argument with the Sadducees we may understand a reference to the Idea of the resurrection of all men based on the truth that ‘all live unto him’ ( Luke 20:38 , cf. The philosophers of Athens met his categorical assertion of the resurrection of Jesus not merely with a refusal to credit his statement, but with a plain derision of the very Idea ( Acts 17:32 ; cf. this Idea he puts on a rational, though an apparently paradoxical, basis by postulating the existence of ‘a spiritual body’ as distinct from ‘a natural body’ ( 1 Corinthians 15:44 ), and at the same time by insisting on their strict continuity (cf
Judgment Damnation - The Idea of judgment is involved in that of government: a ruler, if he is to assert his authority and maintain order, must call recalcitrants to account. Since the Deity has always been thought of as exercising some kind of sovereignty, the Idea of judgment may be said to be co-extensive with that of religion. For an understanding of NT eschatology these writings are of such cardinal importance that it is necessary to give some account of their leading Ideas. That he contemplates a universal restoration is an Idea that may at once be put aside. Quite decisive against the Idea of restoration is the fact that nowhere do we find a single syllable that suggests future probation. What does the term connote? Not necessarily annihilation, since, according to current Ideas, the dead descended into Hades to lead there a wretched phantasmal existence. Paul does the writer of the Fourth Gospel contemplate a formal breach with the traditional apocalyptic Ideas. Not till the introduction of the Idea of purgatory do we meet with any important modification of this scheme. , with Origen, Cyprian, and the Gregorys, that the Idea of purgatory began to emerge
Sacrifice - -The sacrificial Ideas found in the teaching of the Apostolic Church cast their roots so deeply in the soil of OT Ideas and practice that careful reference to the sacrificial system inherited by apostolic writers from Jewish sources is essential. Sacrifice thus originated in primitive childlike Ideas of God, and developed, through the primary religious instinct of pleasing Him by giving or sharing a meal with Him, into later rites regarded as of expiatory value as the moral consciousness of the race deepened. The popular Idea of a union cemented by blood in its physical and literal character was beginning to be challenged in the early monarchy; the higher theology of the age was already excluding the Idea of God as a fellow-guest, and offerings were regarded as worthless without obedience (cf. If not distinctly rival systems in the religious thought and practice of Israel, they represent different Ideals concerning that which is an acceptable offering to the Lord. This transcends in its perfect ethical and spiritual value all lower Ideas associated with the offering of animal victims (Isaiah 53). The transition from the ethical Ideals of the prophets to the ceremonial ritual of the Levitical system carries us into a different world of sacrificial Ideas; in many respects the change marks reaction; ethically it is on a lower plane, though it may possibly as a hard shell have preserved for future generations the kernel of the prophetic teaching regarding sacrifice. It was the expiatory type that constituted the daily sacrifice-the continual burnt-offering-up to apostolic times; it was regarded as most perfectly embodying, through its vicarious character, the sacrificial Idea; it was not connected with any particular transgression, but was maintained as the appropriate means of a sinful people’s approach to a Holy God. Whilst this theory is still held on the ground of evidence direct and indirect in biblical and post-biblical Ideas or usage, it must be said that probably the majority of modern scholars regard it as no longer tenable. If the date and adequacy of the valuable materials collected from later Jewish sources, belonging to the time when the institution of the Synagogue was growing up side by side with the sacrificial worship of the Temple, could be depended upon, they would afford data of the highest importance in seeking to interpret the Ideas of the apostolic literature, whose writers had been taught in the synagogue or in the Rabbinical schools. -The best method of expounding the apostolic views of sacrifice is to notice in what directions and to what extent the writers in the primitive Church modified the sacrificial Ideas they carried with them in their passage from Judaism to Christianity. These were the Ideas from which controversies and party divisions in the Apostolic Church largely sprang. The death of Christ appears to have been regarded at a very early period as expiatory; the Idea of expiation was closely associated with that of sacrifice; it was natural, therefore, that the death of Christ should be looked upon as a sacrifice and spoken of under sacrificial figures. with its clear echo in 1 Peter 2:21-25, where the sacrificial Idea of vicarious suffering is too obvious to need comment. The characteristic feature of the Petrine references is their close sympathy with OT Ideas and usage. Their scarcity, however, does not warrant Bruce’s suggestion that his Ideas were coloured more by the analogy of human sacrifice, with which Greek and Roman story makes us familiar, than by that of the Levitical system (cf. Paul does allude to pagan Ideas of communion through sacrifice (1 Corinthians 10:18; 1 Corinthians 10:28), he was intimately acquainted with the minutiae of the Levitical system and even definitely associated himself with its observance (Acts 21:26; Acts 24:11; Acts 24:17 f. This is an exaggerated position; for in addition to many traces of sacrificial Ideas which he used as suggestive illustrations of the meaning of Christ’s death, he speaks definitely of the Death as a sacrifice, ‘He gave himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for an odour of a sweet smell’ (Ephesians 5:2); ‘Our passover also hath been sacrificed, even Christ’ (1 Corinthians 5:7). It may be maintained, however, that if he ‘has not especially brought out this Idea [1] in connection with his allusions to sacrifice, he has done so in other ways, and the inference that this was his conception of Christ’s death, viewed as a sacrifice, is quite inevitable’ (Stevens, Christian Doctrine of Salvation, p. , Hebrews 9:1; Hebrews 9:24, Hebrews 10:1)-the realm which Philo, in the spirit of Plato’s doctrine of archetypal Ideas, calls ‘the intelligible world
Resurrection - ) the Alexandrian doctrine, influenced by Neo-Platonic Ideas, teaching only a spiritual resurrection, and tending to abandon the Idea of the Messianic kingdom. Bréhier, ‘Of the whole Jewish eschatology, this Idea alone retains its vitality in Philo’s system, the future of the Law which is destined to attain universal sway’ (Les idées philosophiques et religieuses de Philon d’Alexandrie, Paris, 1908, p. This germ of the Idea of a first resurrection appears especially in 4 Ezr 7:28, 13:52 (see Charles, Eschatology, p. Paul’s exposition of the resurrection clearly implies a resurrection before the Messianic kingdom in order that the dead may share in its blessings, it is possible that the Idea may have been already present in his original scheme of eschatology, although he had not imparted it to his converts. But it is also clear that, whatever be the source of the Idea, it receives a new setting, and is brought into organic connexion with the resurrection of Christ (see article Parousia). Paul’s indebtedness to the mystery-religions for any Ideas as to the resurrection belongs rather to the discussion of the development of his doctrine than to the evidence for his original stock of Ideas on the subject. ...
This is the central Idea in St
Regeneration (2) - —Of all theological Ideas, regeneration is probably that which has had the most unfortunate history. What the figure conveys, vividly and truly, is the Idea that somehow a man has become another man: he has entered into a new order of being; things once real to him have lost reality; things once unknown are now alone real. If we find this Idea in the teaching of Jesus, we find what is meant by regeneration, even though that figure should not expressly appear. —It cannot be questioned that the Idea of the newness or originality of His work, and of all that depended upon it, was familiar to Jesus. We must renounce self (ἀπαρνήσασθαι ἑαυτόν: a new and radical Idea, without formal analogy in the OT) if we are to share in the life of the Kingdom. Paul the same Idea that the new life is entered on through a death. —We find the Idea of regeneration both in James and 1 Peter. There is a similar connexion of Ideas in Romans 8:21 ff
God - The world only gradually acquired the knowledge of God which we now possess; and it is therefore a gross mistake to look for our Ideas and standards of responsibility in the early ages of mankind. The fact of the very slow growth of conceptions of God is made much clearer by our increased knowledge with respect to the composition of the OT; now that we have learnt, for example, that the Mosaic code is to be dated, as a whole, centuries later than Moses, and that the patriarchal narratives were written down, as we have them, in the time of the Kings, and are coloured by the Ideas of that time, we see that the Idea that Israel had much the same conception of God in the age of the Patriarchs as in that of the Prophets is quite untenable, and that the fuller conception was a matter of slow growth. The descriptions written so many centuries later are necessarily coloured by the Ideas of the author’s age, and we have to depend largely on the survival of old customs in historical times customs which had often acquired a new meaning, or of which the original meaning was forgotten. The great need of the early post-Mosaic age, then, was to develop the Idea of personality . The defective Idea of individuality is seen, for example, in the putting of Achan’s household to death ( Joshua 7:24 f. Hebrews 7:26 ), for this seems to be the sense of the Hebrew word; the Idea is as old as 1 Samuel 6:20 . The prophets, though they taught more spiritual Ideas about God, still used anthropomorphisms: thus, Isaiah saw Jahweh on His throne ( Isaiah 6:1 ), though this was only in a vision. The growth of true monotheistic Ideas may be traced in such passages as Deuteronomy 4:35 ; Deuteronomy 4:39 ; Deuteronomy 6:4 ; Deuteronomy 10:14 , 1 Kings 8:60 , Isaiah 37:16 , Joel 2:27 ; it culminates in Deutero-Isaiah ( Isaiah 43:10 ‘Before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me’; Isaiah 44:6 ‘I am the first and I am the last, and beside me there is no God’; so Isaiah 45:5 ). The same Idea is expressed by the teaching that Jahweh rules not only His people but all nations, as in the numerous passages in Deutero-Isaiah about the Gentiles, in Jeremiah 10:7 , often in Ezekiel ( e. And the Idea was common in Christian times; it has been attributed to St. ), and Tertullian ( Revelation 10 Revelation 10 ) make them to be mere men or beasts deified by superstition, or combine both Ideas
Office, Divine - ...
The third period, from the 16th century to our own day, is characterized by the simplification of the Office and a rearrangement of the psalms to restore the traditional Ideal of the recitation of the entire Psalter within the compass of a week. This fundamental Idea determines the structural contents of the Office as assigned to the various canonical hours
Divine Office - ...
The third period, from the 16th century to our own day, is characterized by the simplification of the Office and a rearrangement of the psalms to restore the traditional Ideal of the recitation of the entire Psalter within the compass of a week. This fundamental Idea determines the structural contents of the Office as assigned to the various canonical hours
Archangel - ...
The New Testament continues the Idea of angels as messengers of God
Biblical Commission - It was further decided that the historical narratives must be accepted as genuinely historical and not as merely having the appearance of history for the purpose of setting forth some religious Idea; an exception was granted under proper restrictions where it could be solidly proved that the writer meant to give only a parable or allegory, and not an historical narrative
Servant - A — 1: δοῦλος (Strong's #1401 — Noun — doulos — doo'-los ) an adjective, signifying "in bondage," Romans 6:19 (neuter plural, agreeing with mele, "members"), is used as a noun, and as the most common and general word for "servant," frequently indicating subjection without the Idea of bondage; it is used (a) of natural conditions, e. The Matthew 12 passage by direct quotation, and the Acts 4 passages by implication, refer to the Ideal "Servant of Jehovah" (Sept
Seal - A — 1: σφραγίς (Strong's #4973 — Noun Feminine — sphragis — sfrag-ece' ) denotes (a) "a seal" or "signet," Revelation 7:2 , "the seal of the living God," an emblem of ownership and security, here combined with that of destination (as in Ezekiel 9:4 ), the persons to be "sealed" being secured from destruction and marked for reward; (b) "the impression" of a "seal" or signet, (1) literal, a "seal" on a book or roll, combining with the Ideas of security and destination those of secrecy and postponement of disclosures, Revelation 5:1,2,5,9 ; 6:1,3,5,7,9,12 ; 8:1 ; (2) metaphorical, Romans 4:11 , said of "circumcision," as an authentication of the righteousness of Abraham's faith, and an external attestation of the covenant made with him by God; the rabbis called circumcision "the seal of Abraham;" in 1 Corinthians 9:2 , of converts as a "seal" or authentication of Paul's Apostleship; in 2 Timothy 2:19 , "the firm foundation of God standeth, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are His," RV, indicating ownership, authentication, security and destination, "and, Let every one that nameth the Name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness," indicating a ratification on the part of the believer of the determining counsel of God concerning him; Revelation 9:4 distinguishes those who will be found without the "seal" of God on their foreheads Swedenborgians - " ...
With respect, therefore, to the sacred Trinity, though he rejected the Idea of three distinct persons as destructive of the unity of the Godhead, he admitted three distinct essences, principles, or characters, as existing in it; namely, the divine essence or character, in virtue of which he is called the Father or Creator; the human essence, principle, or character, united to the divine in the person of Jesus Christ, in virtue of which he is called the Son and Redeemer; and, lastly, the proceeding essence or principle, in virtue of which he is called the Holy Ghost
Fire - ” Fire is used often as a symbol of holiness and often equates the Idea of God's presence with God's holiness
Nebuchadnezzar - An Idea of the extent of this monarch's building enterprises may be drawn from the fact that nine-tenths of the bricks found amongst the ruins of the ancient capital are inscribed with his name
Blasphemy - In both Testaments the Idea of blasphemy as something that offends the religious sensibilities of others is completely absent
Uncleanness - The distinctive Idea attached to ceremonial uncleanness among the Hebrews was that it cut a person off for the time from social privileges, and left his citizenship among God's people for the while in abeyance
Will (Testament) - Covenant) that in Galatians 3:15 and Hebrews 9:16-17 we find the thought of a human ‘will’ or ‘testament,’ we proceed to ask whether the Idea can be more closely defined
Right (2) - In the Gospels the Idea of ‘right,’ as distinct from the word, runs through the whole of our Lord’s revelation of God. Christianity not only depicts an Ideal and insists on its realization; it proclaims and provides the power to realize it, in union with Him who has Himself lived the life and fulfilled the Divine Ideal, and whose grace is sufficient for all who receive it
Yoke - Now, while the facts of farm-life supplied the form for this metaphor of Jesus, it was not there alone that He found the Idea of the metaphor. Ideas of opposing character—joy and woe, freedom and slavery, peace and war, plenty and poverty—are symbolized by it (Deuteronomy 28:48, Job 1:3; Job 42:12, Jeremiah 2:20, Isaiah 58:6, 1 Kings 12:4, Lamentations 3:27)
Heresy - But in 2 Peter 2:1 a new meaning is introduced, and from the Idea of a party or sect we pass to the principles and teaching which characterize the sect
Hierapolis - While the older form-Hieropolis, the city of the hieron-limits the sanctity to the shrine, the later form-Hierapolis, the sacred city-conveys the Idea that the whole place was holy
Priest - ...
One of the pernicious effects of this groundless comparison and pretension seems to have been, the introduction of the Idea of a real sacrifice in the Christian church, and of sacrificing priests
Earthquake - σείω, ‘to shake’) is used of an earthquake (Matthew 24:7; Matthew 27:54; Matthew 28:2, Mark 13:8, Luke 21:11), and once (Matthew 27:51) the Idea is expressed by the phrase ἡ γῆ ἐσεισθη (Authorized and Revised Versions ‘the earth did quake’)
Elder (2) - From a study of these and similar passages it appears that in all the history of Israel, from the Egyptian bondage down to the time of Christ, ‘elders’ appear as an official class; but the descriptions and statements are not explicit enough to give a definite Idea of how they were appointed to office, or of their exact functions
Generation - Here the root-idea is ‘birth,’ ‘descent,’ ‘offspring,’ from ילר ‘to bring forth
Harlot - The popular Idea of Mary Magdalene as a woman of evil life is rejected by many of the best exegetes
Advocate - ’ Were it understood in its literal sense of ‘Strengthener’ ( Confortator ), ‘Comforter’ would be a fair rendering; but as a matter of fact it originated in an error; nor does it suggest the true Idea to the English reader
Redeemer - ...
And first, the very Idea of redemption is to buy out, or deliver, what was lost or forfeited, and this by giving a full and equivalent value for it
Abner - This act, involving in oriental Idea the suspicion of usurping the succession to the throne (so in the case of Absalom: 2 Samuel 16:21; 2 Samuel 20:3; 1 Kings 2:13-25; (See ABIATHAR, (See ADONIJAH, and (See ABISHAG), called forth a rebuke from even so feeble a person as the nominal king, Ishbosheth
Salt - The Idea in Mark 9:49, cf6 "for every one shall be salted with fire, ,is: the reason why it is better for us to cut off offending members is that the work of every one, believer and unbeliever, shall be tried with fire; to believers "the Refiner's fire" (Malachi 3:3; Matthew 3:11), symbolizing God's searching purity; a consuming fire (Hebrews 12:29) to His foes, who nevertheless shall be imperishable in their doom (salt symbolizing preservation from decay), but purging out only the dross from His people (1 Corinthians 3:13; 1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 4:12)
Condemnation - In the case of the verb, an exception must also be made of Galatians 2:11, where the Idea is that the act of Peter needed no verdict from outside, but carried its own condemnation, as in Romans 2:1; Romans 14:23 and Titus 3:11
Adam - In Genesis 2:1 the earth-boundedness of mankind is stressed: mankind is formed of the dust of the ground, thus dispelling any Idea of the divine in mankind
Anger (Wrath) of God - It might seem that the Idea of the Divine anger, manifesting itself in judgments of destruction, belongs to an early and anthropomorphic stage of religion
Apparition - ’ There is always connected with this term the Idea of a startling or unexpected appearance, which seems also associated with the original φάντασμα
Arbitration - Deuteronomy 5:5), it belongs to an essentially different order of Ideas, inasmuch as God is not man. ...
The Idea is based on the acknowledgment of the identity of moral law in the two spheres of individual and national life
First-Fruits - The coincidence of our Lord’s resurrection on the 16th Nisan—the day on which the sheaf was offered before the Lord—would no doubt suggest the Idea of the first-fruits to the Apostle’s mind
Anchor - ]'>[2] ‘not failing’ and ‘firm’) suggest that the Idea of an anchor was immediately in the writer’s mind
Soul; Self; Life - The problem with the English term “soul” is that no actual equivalent of the term or the Idea behind it is represented in the Hebrew language
Nakedness - This word represents the more general Idea of being without clothes, with no necessary suggestion of shamefulness; it means the “state of being unclothed
Go Away, Leave - ...
Although gâlâh is not used in this sense in the law of Moses, the Idea is clearly present
Bouddhists - To convey some Idea of the extent of this period, the illiterate Cingalese use this comparison: "If a man were to ascend a mountain nine miles high, and to renew these journeys once in every hundred years, till the mountain were worn down by his feet to an atom, the time required to do this would be nothing to the fourth part of a ‘kulpu
Reach - ...
He would be in a posture of mind, reaching after a positive Idea of infinity
Elam - In Genesis 10:22 ( 1 Chronicles 1:17 ) Elam is called a son of Shem, from the mistaken Idea that the people were of the Semitic race
Dispersion - Contact with the world gave them a broader outlook and a wider thought than the Palestinian Jews, and they conceived the Idea of converting the world to Judaism
Peace, Spiritual - ...
New Testament The Greek word eirene corresponds to the Hebrew shalom expressing the Idea of peace, well-being, restoration, reconciliation with God, and salvation in the fullest sense
Nehemi'ah - He immediately conceived the Idea of going to Jerusalem to endeavor to better their state, and obtained the king's consent to his mission
Peace - ...
It may not perhaps have struck an ordinary reader, that the word peace carries with it the Idea that the breach then said to be made up presupposes that there had been a state of amity existing before the breach came in to interrupt it; and this is indeed the blessedness of the gospel
Gos'Pels - The Gospel for him must represent the character and career of Jesus from the Roman point of view, as answering to the Idea of divine power, work, law, conquest and universal sway; must retain its old significance and ever-potent inspiration at the battle-call of the almighty Conqueror
Pheoenix - Following the advice of the majority (οἱ πλείους), who had the experts-the captain and the ship-master (‘owner’ [1] conveys a wrong Idea)-on their side, and disregarding that of St
Earthquake - σείω, ‘to shake’) is used of an earthquake (Matthew 24:7; Matthew 27:54; Matthew 28:2, Mark 13:8, Luke 21:11), and once (Matthew 27:51) the Idea is expressed by the phrase ἡ γῆ ἐσεισθη (Authorized and Revised Versions ‘the earth did quake’)
Generation - Here the root-idea is ‘birth,’ ‘descent,’ ‘offspring,’ from ילר ‘to bring forth
Harlot - The popular Idea of Mary Magdalene as a woman of evil life is rejected by many of the best exegetes
Officer (2) - No theological or ecclesiastical Idea is involved; and for practical utility or correctness the only duty of new Revisers towards this term is to eliminate it entirely from the sacred page
Reconciliation - The Idea here conveyed is that of forgiveness and restoration to Divine fellowship on the ground of a propitiation. ’ These OT examples have only an indirect bearing on the NT word, the Idea of which is not propitiation but change from variance into a state of friendship. Propitiation, in the OT, no doubt, effected a reconciliation, and, in the NT, reconciliation is made by atonement; but the Ideas expressed by the words are nevertheless distinct. Paul, as in other NT writers, a considerable range of words and phrases which express the same Idea, e
King, Kingship - How was Israel to understand the relationship between their obligation to Yahweh, the divine King, on the one hand, and their obligation to the human king on the other? What was the role of the human king in ancient Israel, and to what extent was this role realized? What conditions gave rise to the Idea of the coming of a future messianic king who would someday establish peace and justice in all the earth?...
It is important to understand the way in which the Old Testament presents the relationship between divine and human kingship. Contrary to the Idea of certain scholars (e. , Vatke, Gressmann, von Rad), the Old Testament does not suggest that the Idea of the kingship of Yahweh was a projection derived from the human institution. David was an imperfect but true representative of the Ideal of the covenantal king. ...
For the most part the history of the kings of Israel and Judah is a history of failure to live up to the covenantal Ideal. ...
This failure of the kings of both Israel and Judah to live up to the covenantal Ideal provided the backdrop as Israel's prophets began to speak of a future king who would be a worthy occupant of the throne of David
Impotence - ...
The reference of our Lord to Satan as binding the woman is not to be understood as pointing to possession, although it may have been a reflexion of the current Idea that all bodily deformity was due to demonic agency—in which case the description is due to the Evangelist lather than to Jesus. Paul’s mystic Idea of union into a semi-physical relation, and so to destroy the moral and spiritual basis of faith. The implied ἐν θεῷ in Acts 17:28 ‘In him we live and move and have our being,’ is scarcely adducible as an analogy, since it refers rather to the natural basis of existence than to the spiritual ground, The Johannine phrases already cited (μένειν ἐν ἐμοί; ἐγὼ ἐν τῷ πατρί μου, καὶ ὑμεῖς ἐν ἐμοί, κἀγὼ ἐν ὑμῖν) contain substantially the same thought as the Pauline ἐν Χριστῷ; and in these, in spite of the local figure employed, the Idea is clearly not that of local inherence, but of spiritual inherence or communion
Atonement - If we can get our Ideas, as taught of God as to the truth, into the train of Jewish thought, there is no difficulty in the al. ...
But in such words there is not the Idea of expiation, the side of the offender is contemplated, and he is looked at in grace, whatever the cause: it may be needed atonement, or simply, as in Proverbs, gracious kindness. But kaphar has always a distinct and important Idea connected with it. And this is involved in the Idea of purging sin, or making the purging of sin (ἱλάσκεσθαι, ἐξιλάσκεσθαι, ἱλασμὸν ποιεῖν); itis in God's sight as that by which He is offended, and what He rejects and judges. This with the heathen, who attached human passions or demon-revenge to their gods, was of course perverted to meet those Ideas
Reconciliation - The Idea here conveyed is that of forgiveness and restoration to Divine fellowship on the ground of a propitiation. ’ These OT examples have only an indirect bearing on the NT word, the Idea of which is not propitiation but change from variance into a state of friendship. Propitiation, in the OT, no doubt, effected a reconciliation, and, in the NT, reconciliation is made by atonement; but the Ideas expressed by the words are nevertheless distinct. Paul, as in other NT writers, a considerable range of words and phrases which express the same Idea, e
Revelation - The proofs of a Divine revelation are many, varied, converging, and cumulative, ( a ) Speculatively , we may argue that ‘the universe points to Idealism, and Idealism to theism, and theism to a revelation’ (Illingworth, Reason and Revelation , p. Not the Ideal, but the Ideal practically realized in human experience, is the supreme test. All analogy favours the Idea that primitive revelation was such a manifestation of God when man was created as would he sufficient to maintain a true relation with Him, that at the Creation man had an immediate capacity, however immature, of entering into fellowship with God; and with this religions endowment we may assume a measure of Divine revelation sufficient to enable man to worship in an elementary way, and to keep true to God. Without some such assumption, all Idea of revelation vanishes, and religion is resolved into merely human conceptions of God. The OT does not merely represent an endeavour to obtain an ever worthier Idea of God; it records a true Idea of God impressed on the people in the course of history, under a Divine direction which we call a revelation
Grace - -Grace is a theistic Idea. It emerges inevitably in the progress of religious thought and practice with the Idea of God’s separateness from man (cf. It differentiates their doctrine not only from Christ’s, but from all ethnic and prophetic Ideas. ]'>[5] and the immensely richer experience is reflected in the ampler refinement of their Idea of grace and its more commanding place in their system
Athenagoras - Of his death nothing is known, the Idea that he was martyred apparently arising from a confusion between him and Athenogenes. That the Apology was really intended to be seen and read by the emperors is obvious; how it reached them is less clear; we are hardly entitled to assert that it was in any formal or public manner delivered to them by Athenagoras himself, an Idea which may be due to the title it bears, of Πρεσβεία , or "Embassy. We easily recognize this view in his language about matter and the souls, angels, natures sensible and intelligible, and the contemplation of God as the end of man's being; and also in that referring to the Son of God as the Logos and Creator (except that this is not at all peculiar to Athenagoras), more especially in his calling the Word "idea (or archetype) and energy" in the work of Creation. Was Athenagoras a Montanist? —This Idea was suggested by Tillemont, who founds it upon two points in the opinions of Athenagoras, his account of prophecy, and his absolute condemnation of second marriages. —From a careless expression of Gesner, in reference to the books of Antoninus, Περὶ τῶν εἰς ἐαντόν , a notion arose of the existence, amongst Gesner's books, of a work by Athenagoras with the above title; an Idea which, though wholly erroneous, was entertained by Scultatus, and at one time by Tentzel, with some others
Barnabas, Epistle of - ...
It is admitted on all sides that the external evidence is decidedly in favour of the Idea that the epistle is authentic. The second that Barnabas had died before the destruction of Jerusalem while the epistle bears clear marks of not having been written until after that date; for this Idea is no just inference from the texts referred to Col_4:10 1Pe_5:13 2 Timothy 3 (4 ?) 11 and the authority of a monk of the 6th or 9th cent. with regard to the rites and ceremonies of Judaism, mistakes to all appearance inconsistent with the Idea that he could be a Jew, a Levite, who had lived long in Jerusalem, and must have been acquainted with the ceremonial institutions of the Jews. ...
In carrying out his argument upon the first point, the writer everywhere proceeds on the Idea that the worship which God requires, which alone corresponds to His nature, and which therefore can alone please Him, is spiritual, not a worship of rites and ceremonies, of places and seasons, but a worship of the heart and life. But how was it possible to reconcile with such an Idea the facts of history? Judaism had had, in time past, and still had, an actual existence
Perseverance - Augustine, who, impelled by his predestinarian Idea, explicitly affirmed a ‘donum perseverantiae’ to the justified, a supernatural gift of grace to the elect by which they are kept indefectible. Thomas Aquinas systematized the general Idea of St. It is not just, therefore, to minds of the predestinarian type to charge them with ‘austerity of logic’_ or ‘false supernaturalism,’_ as if their doctrine were a simple immediate deduction from an absolute Idea having no living reference to inner emotion. This is the absolute datum (not Idea) set forth in the predestinarian definitions of election and perseverance: it is a datum of soul perception and persuasion induced by the soul’s experience of the Power that holds it and guides and guards it, the only adequate equivalent of the profound apostolic intuition: ‘in God we live, and move, and have our being’ (Acts 17:28). The life of the Spirit is thus one under the compulsion of (a) a lofty Ideal, (b) ever-growing spiritual apprehension, (c) moral discrimination, (d) deepening gravity and fecundity of emotional force, (e) larger and more spontaneous obedience. They are the reservoirs of the highest moral life and inspiration; they reveal to the persevering soul its exalted moral Ideal and the rigorous method of realizing it; the acceptance of which is the probation of faith in steadfastness; its rejection, apostasy. ...
(1) The moral Ideal regulating the virtue of perseverance is not vague; it is definite. Their κλῆσις is into a Kingdom of the Divine design, of positive order, ruled in righteousness by and according to His will, a sovereignty in fact as well as in Idea, not a domain but a dominion, through its citizens growing in righteousness (Romans 5:17; Romans 8:10, 2 Peter 3:13; Ephesians 6:14, 1 Timothy 6:11, 1 John 2:29; 1 Peter 1:15, Revelation 19:8)
Baptism, Christian - Moreover, none of the instances of baptism recorded in the Acts of the Apostles (2:38-41; 8:26-39; 9:17,18; 22:12-16; 10:44-48; 16:32-34) favours the Idea that it was by dipping the person baptized, or by immersion, while in some of them such a mode was highly improbable. There is no command or statement of any kind, that can be interpreted as giving any countenance to such an Idea, anywhere to be found in the New Testament
Existence of God - It has also been objected, that whole nations have been found in Africa and America who have no notion of a Deity: but this is what has never been proved; on the contrary, upon accurate inspection, even the most stupid Hottentots, Saldanians, Greenlanders, Kamtschatkans, and savage Americans are found to have some Idea of a God. an indistinct Idea of a Being of infinite perfection, and a readiness to acquiesce in the truth of his existence, whenever they understand the terms in which it is expressed. Whence could this proceed, even in the minds of such whose affections and carnal interests dispose them to believe the contrary, if there were no impression naturally in their hearts? It has been observed by some writers, that there are no innate Ideas in the minds of men, and particularly concerning God; but this is not so easily proved, since an inspired apostle assures us that even the Gentiles destitute of the law of Moses, have the 'work of the law written in their hearts, ' Romans 2:15
Body - ...
Old Testament The Old Testament differs from the New in that Old Testament Hebrew does not express the Idea of body. ...
Resurrection of the body does not mean that the personality dissolves into an Idea, into posterity, or into the society
Sea, the Salt, - The appearance of the lake does not fulfill the Idea conveyed by its popular name. [1] The belief which prompted the Idea of some modern writers that the Dead Sea was formed by the catastrophe which overthrew the "cities of the plain" is a mere assumption
Spirits in Prison - 2 Es 7:85, 95 and Isaiah 42:7; Isaiah 49:9; Isaiah 61:1 for phrases out of which the Idea of Sheol as a prison might have grown (see, further, Descent into Hades, 3). The Idea was taken over by the early Christian Church
Judah - Now it is evident, from the use of the Shebeth upon both occasions, (Genesis 49:10 and Judges 5:14) the one speaking of the office of a king, and the other of the scribe, that without violence to the expressions in either case, and in reference to the glorious person typified, his ruling the sceptre, or writing with his pen, conveys the Idea of equal offices. Hence, therefore, why may not the Shebeth of our Almighty Jehudah be supposed to convey an Idea of his taking down the names of his people, whose names we know are "written in the Lamb's book of life?" (Revelation 21:27) Who but him wrote those names in the book of life? Is not Jesus described, and by himself under the spirit of prophecy, as having "a tongue as the pen of a ready writer?" (Psalms 45:1) And if a tongue to speak, why not the hand to write of the things touching himself? Moreover, if none but Jesus was found worthy "to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof," which was seen by John in the hand of him that sat on the throne, who but him could be worthy to write the records in it? (Revelation 5:1-10)...
I beg the reader to observe, that I desire to deliver these sentiments, on a subject so necessarily sublime and mysterious, with the most profound awe and reverence
Allegory - Besides, in the other forms of allegory, the exterior or ostensible imagery is mere fiction, and the truth lies altogether in the interior or remote sense; but in this allegory each Idea is equally agreeable to truth. Sometimes the principal or figurative Idea is exhibited to the attentive eye with a constant and equal light; and sometimes it unexpectedly glares upon us, and breaks forth with sudden and astonishing coruscations, like a flash of lightning bursting from the clouds
Epicureans - In the universe there are, according to Epicurus, without contradiction, divine natures; because nature itself has impressed the Idea of divinity upon the minds of men. Thus he attempted to account for all the appearances of nature, even those which respect animated and intelligent beings, upon the simple principles of matter and motion, without introducing the agency of a supreme intelligence, or admitting any other Idea of fate, than that of blind necessity inherent in every atom, by which it moves in a certain direction
Only Begotten - The combination of μονογενής with κύριος, not with υἱός, is favoured by two considerations: first, that in the Symbol there is nothing that recalls Johannine Ideas (much, on the other hand, suggesting Pauline thought); and, secondly, that there are a number of Latin texts where, undoubtedly, ‘unicum’ is connected with ‘dominum nostrum. In the LXX Septuagint μονογενής is frequently the translation of יָחִיד, especially wherever the Idea of uniqueness or aloneness seems to be emphasized: Judges 11:34, Psalms 22:20; Psalms 25:16; Psalms 35:17; (cf. ’ In that case the Idea of ἀγαπητός, noted above as the secondary meaning which per se everywhere best suits the context, would recede into the background, But the present writer does not regard it as likely that St
Back to Christ - The figure of Jesus disappeared behind the pre-existent Logos, the earthly ministry behind the Idea of the Incarnation, the cross behind the doctrine of the Atonement. If doubt has been cast on some of the facts related about Jesus, and if the influence of subsequent Ideas has been detected here and there in the presentation of His life and teaching, the substantial truth of the Gospel narrative has been amply vindicated. Up to the appearance of the Leben Jesu the problems that occupied the theological field were almost purely speculative: when Christ was considered, it was as the vehicle or symbol of certain speculative Ideas. Now, what is this Idea of Substance which plays so great a rôle in the creeds? It was not derived from Christ or the New Testament. Even from a philosophical point of view the Idea of Substance is open to fatal objections as a principle by which to explain personal or, indeed, any relations. To modern thought Substance is not a concrete reality; it is nothing more than the most abstract of all Ideas. The use which the creeds make of this Idea is even more objectionable when considered from the standpoint of religion. The saving activity of God in Christ has been conceived either in a mystical, semi-mechanical way, as affecting us through an operation in the substance or background of our being; or, again, rationalistically, as mediated through Ideas or doctrines. History was resolved into a dialectic of Ideas: not personalities but Ideas were regarded as the creative forces. In the speculative theology of the Hegelian period, the religious importance of Jesus was found almost solely in the fact that He was the introducer or the symbol of the supreme religious Idea. This Idea—the essential oneness of God and man, man as the eternal Son of God—is the active and creative thing. It is being more and more widely recognized that the elevation and enrichment of man’s spiritual life have been effected far less by the movements and instincts of the mass, or by the introduction and development of Ideas, than by the appearance on the stage of history of great creative personalities. It was the impression produced by His Person, even more than the new Ideas He taught, that created the Christian Church. ’ And in whatever way we account for it, it is certain that Christian Ideas cannot be separated from Christ without being stripped of much of their power to maintain themselves in men’s minds and hearts. The Idea of an external authority is not, however, surrendered; it is only carried back to the last possible resort, the consciousness of Christ. What are the contents of His consciousness, what are the facts in His history, which give to Him His meaning for faith, and which must be regarded as constituting His historical personality? We know Jesus from the Synoptic Gospels as the teacher of an ethical Ideal supreme in its depth and height, and of a religion of pure inwardness and spirituality. The doctrine of the Apostolic writers is not to be regarded as the product of a religions experience created by Christ, but as the reproduction or development of Ideas received from Christ’s lips. As a religion advances through history, it loses something of its Idealism and becomes more secular, takes up foreign elements, accumulates dogmas and ceremonies, parts with its simplicity and spontaneity, and becomes more and more a human construction. We cannot, for example, revive the primitive expectation of the world’s speedy end, or the Ideas about angels, Satan, unclean spirits as the agents in disease, which Jesus shared with His contemporaries. What is it in Christ that gives Him His so momentous significance? The answer which Ritschlianism gives to this question involves a new interpretation of the great Christian Ideas,—Revelation, Gospel, Doctrine, Faith,—only it is claimed that this interpretation is nothing more than a carrying out of the fundamental principles of the Reformation
Fact And Theory - And whatever interpretation be put upon the language of Christ and His Apostles, it is plain that they had definite Ideas as to who Christ was, why and how He came into this world, why He died, and what His death means. So also Spitta’s Idea that the words " translation="">Matthew 26:28 have no reference to Christ’s death, is admitted by him to be quite different from the view of the Evangelist (see Denney, The Death of Christ, pp. ’ And he seemed to regard all of the historical element in Christianity as ‘accidental,’ for the Ideal kernel of Christianity was just rational religious truth. God is the Ideal self of each man. This is held to be the revelation of Christianity, but no value is attached to the historic Christ apart from the Idea which He exemplified. The author’s Christ is a mere mao Idealized by emotion. The Christian religion is not a product of human Ideas, but of a direct revelation of God to men, accompanying God’s direct interference in the downward course of the world caused by sin, which is a historic force. And whenever this takes place, the Scripture Idea of revelation has been changed, revelation being simply the product of religious thoughts and feelings in the mind of man. ...
Christ is probably of least significance in the theology of Biedermann, who held that Jesus is simply the first realization of the Idea of Divine Sonship (Dogmatik, ii. Christianity, he says, consists not in Ideas which Christ illustrated, but in Christ Himself. At the same time the all-important thing is the Idea symbolized. He will not allow our Idea of history to be governed by any dogmatic supernaturalism, and consequently, at the demand of an equally dogmatic anti-supernaturalism, he tells us the ‘myth-forming process’ is seen in the Gospel record of the life of Christ. ] His Idea is that religion is life, not doctrine
Odes of Solomon - ...
(c) The third theory, upheld by Harris, who put it forward at the very beginning, considers the Odes (or most of them) to be the work of a Jewish-Christian, but rejects entirely the Idea of an Ebionite source. On the contrary, the main Idea which may be gathered from a group of three or four Odes remains the same throughout, and the author lays stress continually on the same theme. The Idea of God being a helper of man is also expressed in many verses (see vii. They constitute a kind of spiritual mysticism, of which the Johannine writings and some Pauline doctrines convey a vague but true Idea. ...
The Ideal of holiness, of which the Odist is the champion, is so marked in all the Odes that it appears very difficult not to ascribe the whole collection to a single man. ’...
Before we compare this passage with other verses of the Odes which exhibit the same Idea, it is useful to notice that the Descensus ad inferos which is so clearly represented in these verses is one of the commonest themes of the Syrian writers when speaking of the death of Christ. The breviaries of the two branches of the Syrian Church are full of such Ideas, and the Syrian Fathers deal with them in more than one homily. ...
Many other verses of the Odes contain indubitable allusions to the Idea of Christ loosing bonds and descending into Hades, and, if we try to detach these from their context, the whole structure of the passage breaks down. As to the second quotation, it is possible that it alludes to the grace of God, and by extension, to Christian doctrine, the word ‘water’ being frequently used in Syriac literature to express this Idea. Our Odes are separate hymns, extolling sometimes special articles of faith, but exhibiting always a high Ideal of mysticism
Order of Saint Benedict - This was a deviation from the original Idea of Saint Benedict, who sought the total independence of each abbey
Every, Everyone, Everything - , Matthew 4:23 ; "especially with nouns denoting virtues or vices, emotions, condition, indicating every mode in which a quality manifests itself; or any object to which the Idea conveyed by the noun belongs" (Grimm-Thayer)
Benedictine Order - This was a deviation from the original Idea of Saint Benedict, who sought the total independence of each abbey
Benedictines - This was a deviation from the original Idea of Saint Benedict, who sought the total independence of each abbey
Magnificat - Such an Idea seems to express very inadequately the fulness of meaning packed into these few verses
Mark (John) - He had not yet grasped the Idea of a worldwide Christianity, as St
Redeem, Redemption, Redeemer - In early use the Idea and the words related to legal and commercial activities. In the Old Testament the terms and Ideas are frequently used symbolically to emphasize dramatically the redemptive or saving activity of God
Adam - The Hebrew word for "know" includes the Idea of knowing by experience. Included in ancient Ideas of naming would also be sovereignty over the item named
Sad'Ducees - One of the causes of its success was undoubtedly the vivid belief in the resurrection of Jesus and a consequent resurrection of all mankind, which was accepted by its heathen converts with a passionate earnestness of which those who at the present day are familiar from infancy with the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead call form only a faint Idea
Hebrew Language - Modifications of the root Idea are marked by changes within the root, not by additions. The Hebrew terms for SIN; ATONEMENT; GOD; JEHOVAH , and many such theological Ideas, must have conveyed to the Gentiles, wherever fragments of the Hob
Respect of Persons - Originally the expression was a neutral one, involving no Idea of improper partiality
Suffering - The highly developed sense of corporate identity in Hebrew thought meant that suffering could come as a result of parents' sin (1Kings 21:20,1Kings 21:22,1 Kings 21:29 ; an Idea reflected by Jesus' disciples in John 9:2 , the story of the healing of the man born blind) or the wickedness of the king (2 Kings 21:10-11 )
Kin - In all these cases the underlying Idea is that the land is the inalienable property of the clan or ‘family’ ( Ruth 2:1 ) in the wider sense
Ministry - has sufficiently dealt with the general Idea of ministry, but something remains to be said more particularly of the foreshadowings and beginnings of an official Christian ministry as these are found in the NT
Hardening, Hardness of Heart - Rä sä en, The Idea of Divorce Hardening ; K
Spain - It is in his letter to the Romans (Romans 15:24; Romans 15:28) that he first broaches the Idea of evangelizing Spain
Hindrance - The following hindrances are specially emphasized: (1) prosperity and power (Matthew 4:8; Matthew 19:24, Luke 16:31; Luke 18:23); (2) self-righteousness and the arresting effect of an inferior standard (Matthew 5:20; Matthew 6:2; Romans 8:35-39,; Matthew 6:16; Matthew 23:5-7, Luke 18:14); (3) family claims and their displacing power (Matthew 8:21; Matthew 10:37); (4) want of faith (Matthew 14:31; Matthew 17:20; Matthew 25:25, Luke 22:32); (5) blindness of heart in its progressive stages of (a) ignorance (Matthew 13:15, Luke 18:18; Luke 23:34, John 17:25, repeated in Acts 3:17, 1 Corinthians 2:8), (b) indifference (Luke 7:32),—being the interval of apathy and discouragement that succeeds when Ideals once regarded as final cease to fill the imagination and satisfy the heart, and institutions once held to be sacred fail to yield the expected results,—(c) inability to discern and feel (Matthew 16:3; Matthew 23:37), and lastly (d) conscious malignity towards the Kingdom of God (Matthew 23:13; Matthew 27:18, Mark 7:8, Luke 11:15; Luke 11:52, cf. The root-idea is that of encountering an obstacle where such ought not to be, as on a public road
Shepherd - The Idea expressed in most of these passages is that the care of Israel, as ‘the flock of His pasture,’ is given by the Lord in charge of the rulers who are held to account for the welfare of every member of the same
Adoption - Ramsay has attempted to identify peculiarities of Syro-Greek law in Galatians 4:1-31 , and though it is true that ‘no word is more common in Greek inscriptions of Hellenistic times: the Idea like the word is native Greek,’ yet St
Hermes (1) Trismegistus, Writings of Unknown Authorship - First, the endeavour to take an intellectual survey of the whole spiritual universe, without marking any points where the understanding of man fails and has to retire unsatisfied; this is a disposition which, under different forms and at different times, has been called Pantheism or Gnosticism (though the Gnostic Idea of an evil element in creation nowhere appears in these treatises). The Ideas of the author are presented with a gorgeous material imagery; and, speaking generally, he regards the material world as interpenetrated by the spiritual, and almost identified with it
Heraldry, Ecclesiastical - The earliest ecclesiastical seals were undoubtedly personal, bearing the effigy, arms, or device of a bishop or abbot, but in England, by law of Edward I, 1307, religious houses were ordered to have a common seal and there finally developed the Idea of an impersonal coat of arms for each community
Abomination, Abomination of Desolation - ...
The Idea of “idol worship” being conquered by The Righteous One and righteousness reaches its full and climactic expression when the Kingdom of God was inaugurated by Jesus the Messiah
Door - The Idea of the nearness of judgment is brought out by James 5:9 (cf
Ark - The popular imagination could not entertain the Idea that the inviolable ark was irrecoverably lost, and there arose a tradition that before the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 b
Ecclesiastical Heraldry - The earliest ecclesiastical seals were undoubtedly personal, bearing the effigy, arms, or device of a bishop or abbot, but in England, by law of Edward I, 1307, religious houses were ordered to have a common seal and there finally developed the Idea of an impersonal coat of arms for each community
Gallery - " (Song of Song of Solomon 7:5) The proper Idea of the gallery in the eastern buildings is necessary, in order to enter into the sense of this passage
Kingdom, Kingdom of God, Kingdom of Heaven - A person must be born again really to enter into it (John 3:3,5 ), but this Idea, is distinct from the form which the kingdom has taken, and the dimensions it has attained in the hands of man. There may appear to be a similarity between the professing church and the kingdom; but the Ideas are not the same
River; Wadi - This is in marked contrast to the use of the same Idea in Fill - A similar Idea appears in am ha'Arez - ’...
This Idea developed and led to the formation of a party called ‘Separatists,’ Hăsidim or Pĕrûshim (Aram
Alpha And Omega - This Idea of the Deity, further emphasized in Isaiah 41:4; Isaiah 43:10; Isaiah 44:6, is expressed in the language of the Apocalypse by the Greek phrase ‘Α and Ω,’ which corresponds to a common Heb
Canticles - The sacred writers were, by God's condescension, authorized to illustrate his strict and intimate relation to the church, by the figure of a marriage; and the emblem must have been strikingly becoming and expressive to the conceptions of the Jews, since they annexed Ideas of peculiar mystery to this appointment, and imagined the marriage union to be a counterpart representation of some original pattern in heaven. Solomon, therefore, in celebrating the circumstances of his marriage, was naturally led, by a train of correspondent reflections, to consider that spiritual connection which it was often employed to symbolize; and the Idea must have been the more forcibly suggested to him, as he was at this period preparing to build a temple to God, and thereby to furnish a visible representation of the Hebrew church. The Ideas which the sacred writers furnish concerning the mystical relation between Christ and his church, though well accommodated to our apprehensions by the allusion of a marriage union, are too general to illustrate every particular contained in this poem, which may be supposed to have been intentionally decorated with some ornaments appropriate to the literal construction
Universalists - "The tyranny of priests," said Dupont the atheist, in the national convention, December, 1792, "extends their opinion to another life, of which they have no other Idea than that of eternal punishment; a doctrine which some men have hitherto had the good nature to believe
Sabellians - As, from their doctrine, it follows that God the Father suffered, they were hence called by their adversaries, Patripassians; and, as their Idea of the trinity was by some called a modal trinity, they have likewise been called Modalists
Add - 4), for there the latter word conveys the Idea of supplementing an agreement already made; here in Galatians 3:19 the meaning is not that something had been "added" to the promise with a view to complete it, which the Apostle denies, but that something had been given "in addition" to the promise, as in Romans 5:20 , "The law came in beside
Asleep, Sleep - And since that state in which the believer, absent from the body, is at home with the Lord, 2 Corinthians 5:6-9 , is described as 'very far better' than the present state of joy in communion with God and of happy activity in His service, everywhere reflected in Paul's writings, it is evident the word 'sleep,' where applied to the departed Christians, is not intended to convey the Idea that the spirit is unconscious
Proselyte - "According to my Idea," says Dr
Light - But the Hebrews, upon a subject more sublime indeed, in itself, and illustrating it by an Idea which was more habitual to them, more daringly exalt their strains, and give a loose rein to the spirit of poetry
Of - That which proceeds from or is produced by a person, is naturally the property or possession of that person, as the son of John and this Idea of property in the course of time would pass to things not thus produced, but still bearing a relation to another thing
Pentecost, Feast of - It always retained its agricultural character in Biblical ages, but some later Rabbinical writers treated it also as a commemoration of the delivery of the Law on Sinai an event which was supposed to have taken place 50 days after the Exodus (Exodus 19:1 ), though this Idea is not found in Philo or Josephus; and the fact that the reading of the Law in the Sabbatical year took place at the Feast of Tabernacles and not at Pentecost, points to the late origin of this tradition
Miracles - ) Again, the term "nature" suggests to many persons the Idea of a great system of things endowed with powers and forces of its own --a sort of machine, set a-going originally by a first cause, but continuing its motions of itself
Mourning - The Idea in the writer’s mind in Revelation 1:7 (‘Behold, he cometh with the clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they that pierced him, and all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over him’) was probably the mourning of guilt, regret, and shame-there was no need to mourn a living Christ returning in glory
Paradise (2) - He was writhing in thirst and agony, and the simple, common, current Idea of Paradise, with its rest and relief, was to him, for the time being, the chiefest good
Door - The Idea of the nearness of judgment is brought out by James 5:9 (cf
Promise - The Idea of promise is one of the great elements of Scripture teaching
Holy Spirit (2) - When we come to the Hebrew OT, however, the one Idea which is dominant in connexion with the Spirit is the one which is wanted here to explain the prophecy of the Baptist—the Idea of power as opposed to impotence. But it may fairly be said that some of the Ideas which Christians subsequently connected with their own baptism were not without relation to the baptism of Jesus and to the interpretation which they put upon it. , with the Evangelist’s own Idea, to say that the passage in Mk. Luke 11:20, where for ἐν πνεύματι θεοῦ we have ἐν δακτύλῳ θεοῦ, the Divine power being the essential Idea; cf. The Idea, however, that it was the Risen Saviour by whom the Spirit was given to the Apostles so dominated the Evangelists, that none of them refers to the Spirit in connexion with this mission of the Twelve during Jesus’ lifetime. It is important to notice that the precise character in which the Spirit which comes to the help of the disciples is here conceived as acting is that of a παράκλητος or advocatus—an Idea of which ampler use is made in the Gospel and 1st Epistle of John
Fire - In favour of this Idea Wisdom of Solomon 10:7 is cited, and appeal is made to the volcanic phenomena in the region of the Dead Sea as likely to suggest the continued existence of subterranean fire. Further confirmation of the Idea is sought in the Book of Enoch (lxvii. read their own Ideas into the OT records of the past. ’ The attempts made to substitute the expression ‘age-lasting’ for ‘eternal’ as the meaning of the Greek adjective, so as to prove that it does not imply the Idea of unlimited duration, are not particularly convincing. How else could they have conveyed what corresponded in their minds to the Idea of “eternal”?’. In the interval between the close of OT prophecy and the time of Christ, the Idea of penal fire, confined in the OT to the present world, was projected into the unseen world as an image of endless retribution
Anger (2) - Yet when we read the Gospels with the Idea of anger in our minds, we can easily see that justice is done to it both as a virtue and a vice. Holtzmann’s Idea that Jesus cursed the fig-tree in a momentary fit of temper is only worth mentioning as a warning (see his Leben Jesu, p. Yet it is entirely in keeping with the combination of Ideas in Mark 3:5 (μετʼ ὀργῆς … συνλυπούμενος) when the Evangelist attaches to this our Lord’s lament over Jerusalem (Matthew 23:37 ff. As Tholuck observed, to bring in the Idea that there is such a thing as lawful anger would only weaken the condemnation passed here upon such anger as men are familiar with in themselves and others; but after what has been said under (1) and (2), it does not need to be proved that there is a place for anger in the Christian in the world in which we live. Ordinarily the word conveys the Idea of indignation which cannot be repressed; but this, though found elsewhere in the Gospels (e. In the last two it has been explained as expressing Jesus’ sense of the indignity of death; He resented, as something not properly belonging to the Divine Idea of the world, such experiences as He was confronted with on the way to the grave of Lazarus
Fire - In favour of this Idea Wisdom of Solomon 10:7 is cited, and appeal is made to the volcanic phenomena in the region of the Dead Sea as likely to suggest the continued existence of subterranean fire. Further confirmation of the Idea is sought in the Book of Enoch (lxvii. read their own Ideas into the OT records of the past. ’ The attempts made to substitute the expression ‘age-lasting’ for ‘eternal’ as the meaning of the Greek adjective, so as to prove that it does not imply the Idea of unlimited duration, are not particularly convincing. How else could they have conveyed what corresponded in their minds to the Idea of “eternal”?’. In the interval between the close of OT prophecy and the time of Christ, the Idea of penal fire, confined in the OT to the present world, was projected into the unseen world as an image of endless retribution
Church - And this would be the more natural because the term is usually applied to Israel in its historical rather than in its Ideal aspect (see Hort, Christian Ecclesia , p. The name, therefore, as applied to the primitive community of Jesus, is on the one hand universal and Ideal, on the other local and particular. This language has doubtless given rise to the modern conception of ‘the churches’; but it must be observed that the Pauline Idea is territorial, the only apparent departure from this usage being the application of the name to sections of a local ecclesia , which seem in some instances to have met for additional worship in the houses of prominent disciples ( Romans 16:5 , 1 Corinthians 16:19 etc. But already in the NT that Ideal element, which distinguished the primitive fellowship as the Kingdom of Messiah, is beginning to express itself in a conception of the ecclesia which, while it never loses touch with the actual concrete society or societies of Christians, has nevertheless no constitutional value. The second is that ecclesia has been substituted for ‘kingdom’ in our Lord’s utterance through subsequent identification of Ideas. The Idea, partially understood by His contemporaries, was broadened and spiritualized by Jesus. Other parables present it as an Ideal which no historical institution can satisfy, e. The twofold conception of the Kingdom as at once a reality and an Ideal is finally brought home by those utterances of Jesus which refer its realization to the end of the age. But even when contemplated Ideally, the Messianic Kingdom possesses those attributes of order and authority which are inseparable from a society ( Matthew 19:28 ). Peter, could not be used without identifying that society with the Kingdom of God, so far as this was capable of realization in an institution, and endowing it with those Ideal qualities which belong thereto. The descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples at Pentecost, fulfilling as it did the expectation of a baptism of fire that was to accompany the establishment of the Kingdom ( Acts 1:5 ; Acts 2:3-4 , Matthew 3:11 ), connects the Church with the Kingdom, and the scattering of its members after Stephen’s death ( Acts 8:1 ) would begin to familiarize the disciples with the Idea of the unity in Christ unbroken by local separation (cf. The extension of the fellowship beyond the limits of a single city has shown that the Ideal Church cannot be identified simpliciter with any Christian community, while the Idealization of the federated ecclesiœ , natural enough in a later age, is, in the absence of a wider ecclesiastical organization, not yet possible. The Church has existed from all eternity as an Idea in the mind of God ( Ephesians 3:3-11 ), the heritage prepared for Christ ( Ephesians 1:10-11 ). Baptism, administered by the local ecclesiœ and resulting in rights and duties in respect of them, is yet primarily the method of entrance to the Ideal community ( Romans 6:3-4 , 1 Corinthians 12:13 , Galatians 3:27-28 , Ephesians 4:5 ), to which also belong those offices and functions which, whether universal like the Apostolate ( 1 Corinthians 12:27-28 ) or particular like the presbyterate ( Acts 20:17 ; Acts 20:28 ; cf. Paul, in speaking of the Church now in the local now in the universal sense, is not dealing with Ideas connected only by analogy, is proved by the ease with which he passes from the one to the other use (1618105954_31 ; cf
Individual - In Antiquity the Idea that the individual might stand over against the State, either through the sense of duty or the sense of truth, was not entertained. ...
The same estimate of the worth of the individual appears in the Ideal of human duty. The revelation of the Father in the Son must preclude all Idea of absorption in God. The very Idea of a reality so important as to be inextinguishable, while all its manifestations demand its extinction, he would ascribe to the pernicious influence of the abstract Platonic Idea of the soul. § 10: Kretschmar, Das Christliche Personlichkeits Ideal, 1898; J
Fellowship (2) - Though κοινωνία occurs only three times in the Johannine writings (1 John 1:3; 1 John 1:6-7), they are peculiarly rich in the religious Ideas which give the term its content. —Like most of the great religious conceptions of the NT, this Idea has its roots deep in the OT. It signified the religious assembly of God’s chosen people; but as this could never be completely realized, even in the great temple gatherings, the conception remained largely Ideal. In 2 Corinthians 8:4; 2 Corinthians 9:13 and Romans 15:26 the word κοινωνία is translated ( Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885) ‘contribution’; but ‘there is always at the root of κοινωνία, in the NT, the Idea of Christian communion in one form or another. This Idea persisted after the Apostolic age; for ‘Brotherhood alternates with Ecclesia in the oldest sets of ecclesiastical canons, while omnis fraternitas and πᾶσα ἡ ἀδελφότης are used to denote the whole of Christendom’ (Lindsay). ...
This religious Idea of brotherhood issues in a new grace, ‘love of the brethren’ (φιλαδελφία), which is to be cherished as an especial sign of Divine life (1 Thessalonians 4:9, Romans 12:10, Hebrews 13:1; 1 Peter 1:22)
Targums - The Idea apparently was that greater licence was permitted in dealing with passages of this kind than with those in which the legal element predominated. This kind of thing occurs with great frequency, and it is both interesting and important, as showing the evolution of the Idea of God among the Jews (see Oesterley and Box, The Religion and Worship of the Synagogue , ch. The following extract will give a good Idea of the character of this Targum; It is the paraphrase of Genesis 18:1 ff
Life - This primitive conception of blood as the seat of life lies at the root of the whole OT system of sacrifices and of all the Scripture Ideas and teachings based thereupon. The Idea of a life to come is in many portions of the OT conspicuous by its absence. Jewish eschatological hopes, first for the nation and afterwards for the individual, contributed largely to the development of this Idea. , Isaiah 38:11 ; Isaiah 38:18 , Ecclesiastes 9:5 ; Ecclesiastes 9:10 [5]), and this world alone is known as’ the land of the living,’ the very asking of the question in Job 14:14 is significant, and the language of Psalms 16:1-11 concerning ‘the path of life’ lends itself readily to an interpretation looking to life beyond death
Claims (of Christ) - And if until the end of His ministry He did not call Himself or allow Himself to be called the Messiah (Matthew 25:35-368), this was clearly because the false Ideals of the Jews regarding the Messianic kingdom made it impossible for Him to do so without creating all kinds of misunderstandings, and so precipitating the inevitable crisis before His work on earth was accomplished. But if Christ’s use of the title ‘Son of Man’ shows how He claimed to fulfil the Messianic Idea, His further claim to be the Son of God (wh. see) shows that He filled this Idea with an altogether new content, which formed no part of the Messianic expectation of the Jews. It is true that in the Synoptics He does not expressly designate Himself the Son of God, as He does in the Fourth Gospel (John 5:25; John 9:35 161810595422 John 10:36; John 11:4); but at all events He repeatedly calls God His Father, and refers to Himself as ‘the Son’ when speaking of God, and that in a sense manifestly distinct from the general Idea of God’s universal Fatherhood (e. 169), the theory of an Ideal pre-existence is quite inadequate as an explanation of such language
Angel - , angels take up a very definite position of intermediate beings between God and man, one of their chief functions being that of interpreting visions which Divine action creates in the mind of men; in both these books angels are called ‘men,’ and in both the earlier Idea of the ‘Angel of the Lord’ has its counterpart in the prominent position taken up by some particular angel who is the interpreter of visions. Further, the Idea of guardian-angels is characteristic of the Apocrypha; that individuals have their guardian-angels is clearly implied in To Tob 5:21 , that armies have such is taught in 2Ma 11:6 ; 2Ma 15:23 , while in 2Ma 3:25 ff. this Idea in the case of the Angel of the Lord (which see
Simon Maccabaeus - ...
Another charge, which is equally difficult to believe, relates to a female companion, whom he is said to have declared to be the first Idea, or conception, which he, as God, put forth from his mind. By another mental process, in which this first Idea was a partner, he produced the angels, and they created the world. That Simon never identified a real living person with an Idea emanating from the mind of God, may, I think, be assumed as certain. Plato imagined that the Ideas which were in the mind of the Deity created intellectual beings: Simon taught that the supreme God by an operation of his own mind produced the angels
Call, Calling - ...
Thus in Isaiah "call" brings together the Ideas of naming, election, ownership, and appointment, as the word is used with different nuances in different contexts. ...
The New Testament picks up all these Ideas and takes them further. However, from another perspective he regards all spiritual gifts as equally "the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines" (1 Corinthians 12:11 ), and therefore it would probably not be biblically inappropriate to extend the Idea of vocation to all ministries within the church. ...
May we extend the Idea of vocation also to cover secular employment? Luther took this step, radically teaching that any work may be a "calling" from God
Bereans - But this the Bereans argue is beyond the natural powers of human reason; and therefore our knowledge of God is from revelation alone, and that without revelation man would never have entertained an Idea of his existence. Of the absolute all-superintending sovereignty of the Almighty, the Bereans entertain the highest Idea, as well as of the uninterrupted exertion thereof over all his works, in heaven, earth, and hell, however unsearchable by his creatures
Christian - Paul’s preaching of the Kingdom, carrying with it the Idea of Christians as an army, would suggest comparison with the followers of great military leaders (Pompeians, Herodians), greatly to the discredit of Christ and Christians. Antiochene ingenuity could certainly have discovered a better expression for such an Idea
Bosom - , Luke 16:22) might suggest the former, but ‘in his bosom’ (ἐν τοῖς κόλποις αὐτοῦ, Luke 16:23) may very well be used with reference to the Idea of a feast, after the analogy of John 13:23 (κόλπος is used in the plural form both of the human bosom and of the folds of the upper garment. ’ Meyer insists on giving to εἰς its ordinary meaning of ‘direction towards,’ and so recognizes as the prominent element in the expression the Idea of having arrived at
Clean, Cleanness - The Idea of cleanness includes a surprisingly wide range of human behavior. In the Ancient Near Eastern religions the Idea of holiness was applied to a person in a state of consecration to the service of a deity, whose cultic worship could, and frequently did, involve acts of a gross sexual nature
Head - It can mean leader, chief, or prince (Isaiah 9:15 ), and it can have the Idea of first in a series (1 Chronicles 12:9 )
Scripture - The specific Idea of Scripture contains an element of sanctity and authority
Doubt - The word connotes the Idea of weakness in faith or unbelief
Delight - The Idea of delight occurs approximately 110 times in Scripture in various forms
Colour - With this colour was associated the Idea of royalty and majesty (Judges 8:26 ; Song of Solomon 3:10 ; 7:5 ; Daniel 5:7,16,29 )
Rest - Christ's "rest" is not a "rest" from work, but in work, "not the rest of inactivity but of the harmonious working of all the faculties and affections, of will, heart, imagination, conscience, because each has found in God the Ideal sphere for its satisfaction and development" (J. ...
A — 3: ἄνεσις (Strong's #425 — Noun Feminine — anesis — an'-es-is ) for the significance of which see EASE , B, is translated "rest" in 2 Corinthians 2:13 , AV (RV, "relief"); 7:5 (ditto); in 2 Thessalonians 1:7 , the subject is not the "rest" to be granted to the saints, but the Divine retribution on their persecutors; hence the phrase "and to you that are afflicted rest with us," is an incidental extension of the Idea of recompense, and is to be read parenthetically
Slaughter - ...
The Idea of “sacrifice” certainly is taken over into the New Testament, for Christ became “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29, RSV)
Redemption - In all these cases there was the Idea of release by the payment of a price
Son of Man - The Idea of the son of man was tied up with that of the kingdom of God, and this provided the background to Jesus’ reference to himself as the Son of man. Because of the Jews’ selfish nationalistic Ideas of the Messiah and his kingdom, Jesus rarely spoke of himself specifically as the Messiah (see MESSIAH)
Blessedness - The Bible contains the words "bless, " "blessing, " and "blessed, " but not the noun "blessedness, " although the Idea of a spiritual state of beatitude in which believers enjoy God's fellowship permeates the Bible
Anger - The Jewish philosopher Philo championed the Stoic Idea that a perfect being by definition could not become angry
Troas - 79), Julius Caesar had thoughts of making it the capital of the Empire instead of Rome, and Augustus may have played with the same Idea (Hor
Saints - The root Idea seems to be that of ‘separation,’ so that a ‘saint’ is one who is separated, consecrated, one who belongs to God
Numbers, Book of - Those who have an allegiance to justice beyond the Idea of a family-blood feud (Numbers 35:1 )
Foreknowledge - The Idea of choice is also evident in the call of Abraham to be the founder of God's covenant nation
Adultery - The junction of the two into one flesh when sexual intercourse takes place with a third is dissolved in its original Idea
Messenger - The direct application of the term to Jesus is not made in the NT, though a kindred Idea is frequently expressed: in the saying which occurs in all the Gospels, ‘He that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me’ (Matthew 10:40, Mark 9:37, Luke 9:48; Luke 10:15, John 13:20; John 12:44); in the frequent Johannine phrase ‘whom God hath sent,’ and in the commission (John 20:21); and even in the term ‘gospel’ (εὐαγγέλιον), which is expressive of what Jesus described Himself as anointed of God and sent to preach (Luke 4:18)
Sergius Paulus - This description does not favour the Idea that he was weakly under the influence of a mountebank
Ear - Though the Bible contains nothing so crude as this, yet the same Idea of localized psychical function underlies its references to the ear
Glory - This Idea is not infrequently found in the Psalms
Boldness - ‘When it is transferred from words to actions, it appears always to retain the Idea of “confidence, boldness” ’ (Lightfoot on Colossians 2:15)
Mediator - The Idea, therefore, of salvation by a Mediator, is not so novel or restricted as some imagine; and the Scriptures of truth inform us, that it is only by this way human beings can arrive to eternal felicity, Acts 4:12
Assurance - ...
Faith in Christ certainly includes some Idea of assurance; for, except we be assured that he is the Saviour, we shall never go to or rely upon him as such: but faith in Christ does not imply an assurance of our interest in him; for there may be faith long before the assurance of personal interest commences. The confounding of these Ideas has been the cause of presumption on the one hand, and despair on the other
Hagar - Without this divine illustration the mind of man never could have conceived such an Idea, neither have entered into a proper apprehension of the subject
Bible - In the prologue, or preface, the writer, or translator, begs pardon for any errors that he may have fallen into in this service; which at once implies his opinion that he had no Idea the author wrote it under divine inspiration
Trespass - Most of the usages support the Idea of “faithlessness, treachery
See, Perceive - ...
A fourth Idea of seeing is “to examine”: “And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower …” ( Send - 38:20 the first Idea is in view: When “Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend … , he found her not”; it never reached its goal
Alexandrians - Others (Wendt, Zöckler, Sanday, Knowling, Winer-Moulton) think that the first three classes or Jews had one synagogue and the last two another-an Idea favoured by the τῶν … τῶν after τινες
Manichaeans - But they admitted the eternity of matter, which they called darkness; and supposed hyle to be the result of some wonderful and unaccountable commotion in the kingdom of darkness, which Idea seems to be borrowed from the Mosaic chaos. On Romans 7, Mani founded the doctrine of two souls in man, two active principles; one, the source and cause of vicious passions, deriving its origin from matter; the other, the cause of the Ideas of just and right, and of inclinations to follow those Ideas, deriving its origin from God
Name - ) suggests the Idea of "by reason of" or "on the ground of" (i
Dreams - ), though Numbers 12:6-8 treats them as an inferior medium; but there are false dreams and lying dreamers, against whom precautions are necessary; and the Idea that habitual dreaming is a certain sign of Divine inspiration is stoutly combated (cf
Hear, Hearing - This removes the Idea of any contradiction
Paradox - We believe that the opposition is harmonized in reality, but we have as yet no clear and distinct Idea of the reconciliation. Here are the profoundest truths, and yet the most paradoxical, for they are expressed through Ideas that are partially contradictory to one another
Obedience - In regard to Christians it comes to have the still more special sense of subjection to the saving will of God, as revealed in Christ, and is thus brought into close connexion with the Idea of faith (cf
Teaching of Jesus - , offers certain regulative Ideas of high value. Through this the OT revelation, as written and as currently taught, was gradually filtered, until only those elements and interpretations remained effective in His mind and speech which were valid in the light of the Idea of the Holy Father and His practical relations with men. As regards the Kingdom of God, the Idea of which He could assume as present to His hearers’ minds, ‘He emphasized in any case warning more than promise. , who never uses the substantive [4]—far from unlikely): it is quite another to have disproved the historic truth of the Idea thereby conveyed, viz. ’...
The Idea of the Kingdom necessarily determines the sense and emphasis given to ‘repentance’ in relation to it; and as ‘righteousness’ meant to Jesus something very different from what it did on John’s lips, so with their respective teaching as to ‘the Kingdom. ’...
As to the ‘future’ and ‘present’ Kingdom, surely on Jesus’ Idea of the essentially spiritual nature of the Kingdom this distinction loses its full force; where the righteousness of the Kingdom is, there is the Kingdom already in a real sense
Worship - ’* ‘Clement of Rome has the Idea of Christ as “the high-priest of our offerings,” but the Ideas of the heavenly Priesthood of our Lord, and the “Lamb standing as slain” of the Apocalypse, found only very isolated expression in liturgical prayers before the 4th century. 18, 6) and Origen dwells on the High Priesthood of Christ (de Oratione, 10), but the Eucharist of pre-Nicene times moved rather in a simpler circle of Ideas. It is in Cyril of Jerusalem, Chrysostom, and (in the West) Ambrose that we find these Ideas developed. The earlier Ideas seem derived not from the Temple and its associations but from the primitive Idea of the “thankoffering” (e. The “thankoffering” Idea was expanded into the glorious eucharistic prayer found in its largest and fullest range in the liturgy of the Apostolic Constitutions. The Idea of the One Body explains the emphasis and concentration of thought in the pre-Nicene prayers on “communion,” as opposed to worship of the Lamb standing as slain, which is the feature of the Greek liturgy from the time of Cyril of Jerusalem. ’...
This somewhat lengthy quotation seems necessary to show how the Ideas in the Epistle to the Hebrews and the Apocalypse were eventually expanded
Guilt (2) - The root Idea of the Messianic salvation is liberation not remedy (Exodus 14:13; Exodus 15:2, Isaiah 45:17; Isaiah 46:13; Isaiah 52:10, Luke 1:69; Luke 1:71; Luke 1:77). ...
We shall be saved from confusion with regard to the Pauline view of guilt, and the necessity of conforming the whole doctrine of sin to this primary Idea, by considering what he means by ‘adoption’ and ‘grace. But the root Idea is the free favour of God through Christ (Romans 4:4; Romans 5:13). Modern theology, with its leading Idea of solidarity, has tended to obscure the personal action of the Father in admitting mankind to fellowship
Monastery - We may form some Idea of them from the following remarks of Mr. "On the other hand, when we consider five hundred persons bred up in indolence and lost to the commonwealth; when we consider that these houses were the great nurseries of superstition, bigotry, and ignorance; the stews of sloth, stupidity, and perhaps intemperance; when we consider that the education received in them had not the least tincture of useful learning, good manners, or true religion, but tended rather to vilify and disgrace the human mind; when we consider that the pilgrims and strangers who resorted thither were idle vagabonds, who got nothing abroad that was equivalent to the occupations they left at home; and when we consider, lastly, that indiscriminate alms-giving is not real charity, but an avocation from labour and industry, checking every Idea of exertion, and filling the mind with abject notions, we are led to acquiesce in the fate of these foundations, and view their ruins, not only with a picturesque eye, but with moral and religious satisfaction
Covenant - When God was Himself directly one of the parties, and an obligation was thought to be assumed by Him rather than by both, a token was substituted ( Genesis 9:12 ); but in these cases the transaction takes the form chiefly of a pledge or assurance, though the Idea of some obligation upon the other party is often implicit. The Idea of a covenant with Adam, beyond the simple injunction of 1618105954_37 , has been found by some writers in Sir 17:12 , which is more easily interpreted of the transactions on Horeb ( Deuteronomy 5:3 )
Love - Nevertheless, the reader who comes to the agape of the New Testament with the Idea of benevolence in mind is better off than the reader who comes with the Idea of physical pleasure and satisfaction
New Creation - It is the broader Idea, which goes back to passages in the latter part of Isaiah, developments in apocalyptic Jewish thought, and Qumran, which probably gave rise to Paul's specific application. " In 4:26 the term "new creation" appears to have become a technical term within the vocabulary of this stream of Jewish eschatology ("the Garden of Eden, and the Mount of the East, Mount Sinai, and Mount Zion will be sanctified in the new creation"); connected with the concept are the Ideas of the purification of the earth and God's people from sin. The Idea of a new heavens and earth or of a renewal of the universe may be behind Paul's concept
Duty - is δφειλω, a verb which is twice used in Jn (13:14, 19:7) to express the Idea of oughtness or moral obligation (EV ‘ought’). So the word covers the whole content of the moral Ideal. Although in point of duty they do not differ, we feel that the latter is a better man than the former; for he stands nearer to the Ideal of goodness. Kant, therefore, restores content to the Idea of duty by throwing into the form of Law Universal the various kinds of action which Society enjoins or forbids. Conflicts must ensue in the application of such laws, once the Ideal system of moral relations on which they are based fails to correspond point for point with the actual system in which they claim realization. Consequently the only possible choice may often lie between two lines of conduct, both of which are Ideally wrong. ...
Moreover, if the moral Ideal is expressed as a code of rules of action, morality tends to become no more than the rigid observance of ceremonies that characterized the Pharisee. They are essential to the realization of any human Ideal; and it is the part of practical Christianity to work out the gospel in a moral, social, and religious order, appropriate to the needs of each generation. In order to use Ideas we must crystallize them; but in the process they become half-truths. In the Christian Ideal there are no contradictions. And apart from this, fashionable philanthropy is too often dominated by an Ideal of mere comfort. In other words, the love of God, as He is seen and known in Christ Jesus, creates a new Ideal of duty both in relation to ourselves and our neighbour. Finally, the Christian motive is not the abstract conception of duty for duty’s sake, but charity, the pure love of the full, concrete, and perfect Ideal of humanity, realized for all time in the Person of Jesus Christ
Possession - The central Idea in the word is the coercive seizing of the spirit of a man by another spirit, viewed as superhuman, with the result that the man’s will is no longer free but is controlled, often against his wish, by this indwelling person or power. In Scripture the Idea is associated with both phases of moral character; and a man may be possessed by Christ or the Holy Spirit, or by a or the devil. To assert that Christ never entangled His teaching with contemporary Ideas is to prejudge the very question at issue
Promise (2) - —The NT is full of the Idea that in Christ had arrived the fulfilment of a promise made over and over again in preceding ages. It was, indeed, the strength with which this Idea was rooted in the mind of the Jew (‘whose is the adoption and the glory and … the promises,’ Romans 9:4) that made it so hard for him to understand how the Gentile could come within the full scope of the gospel. But whatever critical view be held of the records, and leaving undecided the question whether Matthew 24 and other similar passages which contain a considerable eschatological element are to be taken as representing a part of the actual teaching of Jesus, or rather His teaching as coloured by passing through minds steeped in the Ideas of Jewish eschatology, it is sufficiently evident that Jesus habitually used the expression ‘Kingdom of heaven’ in a different sense from the ordinary and popular one, and preferred to divest it of the usual patriotic and eschatological associations
Paul (2) - Paul had developed a number of inferences and Ideas which the Apostle began by sharing with them. But he was not in bondage to it, and he applied it in connexion with root Ideas that were peculiarly his own. Paul applied to the current Ideas of his day and generation was their bearing upon his own intense faith in Christ. Paul was less involved in such concrete details, his grasp on the central Idea of his faith seems to have been all the stronger. He had the gift of religious imagination, to fill out an Idea or an impression and convert it into a powerful motive. Paul’s Epistles show that he understood to a nicety the new religious Ideal introduced by Christ. The Ideal was really a new one. —That there is a real connexion, and a close connexion, between the Ideal laid down by Christ and that inculcated by St. transient manner; he must have had the Ideal so completely set before him that it sank deep into his soul. Mark, it would be a work of precisely such a character as would bring out clearly the new moral Ideal taught by Christ. ...
Already in the infant Church, following, as we believe, hints of the Lord Himself, there was a tendency to explain the death of the Crucified by means of principles inherent in the OT, by the Idea of sacrifice and by the Idea of vicarious suffering; on the one hand, by the analogy of the Levitical sacrifices, and, on the other hand, by the description of the Servant of Jahweh in Deutero-Isaiah. Paul took up these Ideas, and worked them out in his own manner: the sacrificial Idea, especially in Romans 3:25; Romans 5:9, 1 Corinthians 5:7 (cf. Hebrews 9:22); the vicarious Idea, esp. It established it, as it were, objectively and Ideally. ’ And yet this Ideal Christ still wears the features of the historical Christ
Eunomius, Bishop of Cyzicus - A communication of the essence of God, such as that involved in the Idea of generation, would transfer to the Absolute Deity the notions of time and sense. Eunomius's poor and low Idea of the knowledge of God placed it merely in a formal illumination of the understanding and a theoretical knowledge of God and spiritual truth, instead of in that fellowship with God as made known to us in Christ and that knowledge which comes from love, which the church has ever held to be the true life of the soul. In harmony with this formal, intellectual Idea of knowledge, as the source of Christian life, Eunomius assigned a lower place to the sacraments than to the teaching of the word, depreciating the liturgical, as compared with the doctrinal, element of Christianity
Mediation Mediator - The reference to Isaiah 53 (‘Servant Jesus’) is natural, and has the essence of Christ’s mediation, though the Idea is not worked out. There is no getting away from the Idea that the death of Christ lies at the root of the obtaining of salvation on our part, though St. Paul sums up his Idea of the mediation of Christ: ‘But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who was made unto us wisdom from God, both righteousness and sanctification and redemption
Sadducees - It follows that the popular Idea of Sadducees as irreligious and rationalist is as baseless as the Idea that all Pharisees were whited sepulchres. Josephus, he holds rightly enough, does not separate the questions of resurrection and immortality, and represents for his Greek readers, to whom resurrection was an unfamiliar Idea, the denial of the one as a denial of the other
Love - It is in keeping with the distinction above drawn that the specific term for brotherly love (see article Brotherly Love) is φιλαδελφία, for the Idea is derived from the family-relation, although, of course, ἀγαπᾶν here occurs with equal frequency. While it appears from what has been said that ἀγαπᾶν had by reason of its inherent signification and classical use an antecedent fitness to express the biblical Idea of religious love, this should not be construed to mean that the word carried already in extra-biblical Greek all the content of the Scriptural conception. The Idea of redemption has the same implications, for it emphasizes the self-sacrifice of love to which God was put in saving man (Acts 20:28, 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23)
Providence - " These laws express the plainest truths; but they would have neither evidence nor meaning, were not inactivity contained in our Idea of matter. The first cause of all things must be regarded as a being absolutely perfect; and the Idea of absolute perfection comprehends infinite power, wisdom, and goodness; hence we deduce the doctrine of providence. This conclusion is conformable to all our Ideas of those attributes. As far as it is confined to generals, or overlooks any individual, or any event, it is incomplete, and therefore unsuitable to the Idea of a perfect being. Every apprehension that this is too great a condescension in him is founded on the poorest Ideas; for, surely, whatever it was not too great condescension in him to create, it cannot be too great a condescension in him to take care of
Contribution - This Idea is stated negatively in Isaiah 10:1-2
Faith - Its primary Idea is trust
Perfect, Perfectly - , "perfect"); (b) "complete," conveying the Idea of goodness without necessary reference to maturity or what is expressed under (a), Matthew 5:48 ; 19:21 ; James 1:4 (2nd part); 3:2
Thirst - ...
Following the example of OT thinkers, Jesus employed the Idea embodied in the word ‘thirst’ to express the conscious needs of the human soul for something higher and more satisfying than it could discover in its earthly experiences (cf
Chronicles, Books of - The contents of this twofold book, both as to matter and form, correspond closely with this Idea
Passion - To examine them accurately, indeed, requires much skill, patience, observation, and judgment; but to form any proper Idea of the human mind, and its various operations; to detect the errors that arise from heated temperament and intellectual excess; to know how to touch their various strings, and to direct and employ them in the best of all services; I say, to accomplish these ends, the study of the passions is of the greatest consequence
Mark of the Beast - book 5 of the Sibylline Oracles ) to the time of Augustine, who cites this Idea in The City of God
Perfect, Perfection - " God's perfection is an attribute of who he is as a person, not an Idea or theoretical postulate, and it involves ethical qualities like justice and uprightness rather than properties that would indulge selfish human desire and pleasure (as in "a perfect meal" or "a perfect day")
Lost - A moral sense hopelessly degraded, a sullen abandonment to evil, a persistent closing of the heart, and a future determined beyond the possibility of alteration—are some of the Ideas which it compels in the mind. They had no share in Israel’s hopes; they had ceased to cherish the Ideals of the race. There is a suggestion in the term of the lost Ideals that one used to hold, and of the forlornness of the mind from which those Ideals have fled. But the singular and appropriate beauty of the Idea lies in the prospect of recovery which it implies
Armour - In the realm of the imagination a happy Idea will present itself in various aspects to different minds, and even to the same mind at different moments
False Christs - 1 Kings 20:30)—alluding possibly to the current Idea that the Messiah was to remain hidden for some time previous to His appearance in public
Bar-Jesus - The comparison of him with ‘the modern gipsy teller of fortunes’ is ‘misleading and gives a false Idea of the influence exerted on the Roman world by Oriental person-ages like this Magian’ (Ramsay, St
Fool - passages a certain play on the Idea of folly is presented
Blessedness - ...
For various aspects of the Idea of blessedness, as expressed in the NT by quite other words, see article ‘Blessedness’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) . Hodgson, Religion-The Quest of the Ideal, 1911, p
Lie - ) The Idea is that when one dies he no longer stands upright
Activity - ...
In fact, we possess no more than specimens of Christ’s labours; but these, no doubt, are so selected as to give us a general Idea of the whole
Eudoxius, Bishop of Constantinople - An Idea may be formed of his sermons from three different sources
Ways - We shall be able, perhaps, to form a more clear and precise Idea, from the account which Diodorus gives of the marches of Semiramis, the celebrated queen of Babylon, into Media and Persia
Behold, Beheld - This Idea was gradually lost
Inherit, Inheritance - " The following list shows how in the NT the Idea of inheriting broadens out to include all spiritual good provided through and in Christ, and particularly all that is contained in the hope grounded on the promises of God
Moth - The word treasure commonly suggests to our minds the Idea of some durable substance, as precious stones, gold, and silver, upon which the persevering industry of a moth can make no impression; but, in the language of inspiration, it denotes every thing collected together which men reckon valuable
Gospel - ...
There appears to be valid objection to the Idea entertained by many, that the evangelists copied from each other or from an earlier and fuller gospel
Image - 1: εἰκών (Strong's #1504 — Noun Feminine — eikon — i-kone' ) denotes "an image;" the word involves the two Ideas of representation and manifestation. "The Idea of perfection does not lie in the word itself, but must be sought from the context" (Lightfoot); the following instances clearly show any distinction between the imperfect and the perfect likeness
Word - 1: λόγος (Strong's #3056 — Noun Masculine — logos — log'-os ) denotes (I) "the expression of thought," not the mere name of an object, (a) as embodying a conception or Idea, e
Pound - The ultimate reason of their remissness is the wrong Idea of God (Luke 19:21), whom they figure as a taskmaster who exacts, instead of a kindly father who bestows
Sanctify, Sanctification - The root Idea of the group seems to be ‘separation’ or ‘restricted use’ (see Holiness). It has been pointed out that the Idea of holiness in OT is progressively spiritualized, and receives more and more ethical content. He did not express His Ideals in formulas, but in pictures of what men ought to be. The NT writers use OT words with the significance that Jesus Christ has given to the Idea they represent. His teaching about the Ideal of sainthood. He found certain attributes in God that are capable of being the Ideal for men. This command held out a new Ideal of perfection. Hitherto men had found their Ideal in various human excellences. But as ‘Father,’ God displays certain qualities that may be copied by men; and these qualities unite to form the Christian Ideal. Such teaching rested upon the underlying belief of Jesus that man has a capacity for sonship of God, and that he reaches his Ideal by realizing his sonship. He claimed to set forth the moral Ideal, because He was the Son of God (John 14:6). The moral Ideal is to find perfect life (Mark 8:35 ||). His Ideal man is a citizen as well as a son. The Idea of consecration is not absent (cf
Jesus Christ - To effect this purpose, it was absolutely necessary for these founders of Christianity to avoid confusion and obscurity of language, and to express their Ideas in a cool and cautious style. Hence Paul and Barnabas rent their clothes at the very Idea of the multitude's confounding the creature with the Creator, Acts 14:1-28 : The writers of the New Testament knew that in speaking of Jesus Christ, extraordinary caution was necessary; yet, when we take up the New Testament, we find such expressions as these: "The word was God, John 1:1 . In the time of Jesus Christ, the Jews were zealous defenders of the unity of God, and of that Idea of his perfections which the Scriptures excited. If they who described Jesus Christ to the Jews by these sacred names and titles intended to convey an Idea of his deity, the description is just and the application safe; but if they intended to describe a mere man, they were surely of all men the most preposterous. Let us pause an instant, and fill our minds with the Idea of one who knew all things, heavenly and earthly; searched and laid open the inmost recesses of the heart; rectified every prejudice, and removed every mistake of a moral and religious kind; by a word exercised a sovereignty over all nature, penetrated the hidden events of futurity, gave promises of admission into a happy immortality, had the keys of life and death, claimed an union with the Father; and yet was pious, mild, gentle, humble, affable, social, benevolent, friendly, and affectionate
Christian - The Christians were often misnamed ‘Chrestians’ from an Idea that the founder of their religion was ‘one Chrestos. (4) The name marked the fact that Christianity was not the religion of a book or a dogma, an Idea or an institution, but a faith that centred in a Person
Samson - We get a good Idea of the proceedings, essentially the same as in the East to-day. It is true, its morality is on a low level; revenge is Samson’s ruling Idea, and his relations with women have been a stumbling-block to apologists
Slave, Slavery - ]'>[4] the Idea of the slave-girl as property is still retained ( Leviticus 19:20 ). ]'>[4] the more primitive Idea of the slave as a member of the family, conceived as a religious unit, is still retained and utilized in the interest of religious exclusiveness
Isaac - This corruption of the Scripture history of Isaac's sacrifice was based on the pagan Idea of the most precious human sacrifice being needed to appease the gods in times of calamity. The Idea though wrong in its application, rested on a primeval tradition of God's justice having appointed the sacrifice of precious life as the atonement for sin
Daemoniac - The daemons displayed a degree of knowledge and malevolence which sufficiently distinguished them from human beings: and the language in which the daemoniacs are mentioned, and the actions and sentiments ascribed to them in the New Testament, show that our Saviour and his apostles did not consider the Idea of daemoniacal possession as being merely a vulgar error concerning the origin of a disease or diseases produced by natural causes. In this light must we regard the conduct of our Saviour and his apostles, if the Idea of daemoniacal possession were to be considered merely as a vulgar error. It does not appear to contradict those Ideas which the general appearances of Nature and the series of events suggest, concerning the benevolence and wisdom of the Deity, by which he regulates the affairs of the universe. We are then ready, whenever any difficulty arises to us in considering the conduct of Providence, to model things according to our own Ideas; to deny that the Deity can possibly be the author of things which we cannot reconcile; and to assert, that he must act on every occasion in a manner consistent with our narrow views
Wilderness (2) - —The word or words (more or less synonymous) which the Authorized and Revised Versions translation by ‘wilderness’ or ‘desert’ afford a striking example of the difficulties which translators, and after them the ordinary readers of Holy Scripture, have to contend with, because that word does not convey to our mind the Idea of something we know: in our western European countries there is not, properly speaking, any desert or wilderness, in the Biblical sense of the word. In fact, the Hebrew word which is usually translation ‘desert’ or ‘wilderness’ (midbâr) does not in the least convey the Idea of solitude or desolation; on the contrary, it belongs to a root which means ‘to pasture,’ and therefore, etymologically,’ feeding-ground’ or ‘pasture-land’ would seem to be the most exact translation
Imitation - (1) By the Idea of imitating the behaviour of Jesus Christ, St. Francis’ love of poverty, there was also a permanent moral Idea—the ‘simple life. But there is a more subtle connexion between Ideas of imitation and a false programme for the Christian life
Self- Denial - ...
The best commentary on these two Ideas is found in Philippians 3:4-14, where St. ...
Thus, although the evangelic phrase ἑαυτὸν ἀπαρνεῖσθαι is not found in the apostolic literature, the Idea underlies the whole apostolic view of the Christian life. ...
(a) The Idea was primarily used in the martyr sense of willingness to suffer death or persecution for Jesus’ sake. ...
(c) This leads to another self-denial, which is the gradual life-long process of sanctification negatively viewed, just as the former self-denial ‘which is its root’ is ‘the one decisive Ideal act’ taking place at conversion (Sanday-Headlam, International Critical Commentary , ‘Romans’5, Edinburgh, 1902, p
Labour (2) - —The verb κοπιᾶν in NT Greek signifies not only the weariness produced by constant toil (see John 4:6 κεκοπιακώς), which is the Idea attaching to the word in classical writings (cf. Matthew 10:5), points out distinctly the complete identification of employer and employed as being the root Idea underlying all vital progress (ὃς ἂν θέλη ἐν ὑμῖν εἶναι πρῶτος ἔσται ὑμῶν δοῦλος, Matthew 20:27, cf
Marks Stigmata - ...
It is not likely that the Apostle had in mind the soldier, who deliberately marked himself with the name or token of his commander, as the context does not suggest any such Idea, though elsewhere St. Chrysostom’s Idea (Com
Alexandria - It answered very largely to what we associate with the Idea of a great modern university. The Idea of humanity to the mariner which it embodied was accepted by almost every civilized nation, and the thousands of lighthouses throughout the world to-day can all be traced to the gracious thoughtfulness which was displayed in the costly erection of this first Pharos
Dominion (2) - ’ The same Idea is expressed in a similar passage in Luke (Luke 22:25), which gives Christ’s words at the Last Supper with reference to the dispute among His disciples as to precedence, by the simple verb κυριεύουσιν, ‘exercise lordship over’ ( Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘have lordship over’). The use in these passages, in immediate connexion with the Idea of dominion, of the words ‘have authority over,’ ‘exercise authority over’ (ἐξουσίαζουσιν, ἐξουσιάζοντες), calls for some reference to the power or authority (ἐξουσία) attributed to Christ in connexion with His humiliation as well as with His exaltation
Bishop, Elder, Presbyter - But it is improbable that in connexion with him the Idea of one ruler for the whole Church arose, and still more improbable that Matthew 16:18 was written as a protest against any such claim being made for one who was not one of the Twelve. In the NT it means an overseer of men in reference to their spiritual life, and is closely connected with the Idea of shepherding; ‘the shepherd (ποιμήν) and overseer (ἐπίσκοπος) of your souls’ (1 Peter 2:25); ‘the flock (ποίμνιον) in the which the Holy Ghost had made you overseers (ἐπίσκοποι) to tend (ποιμαίνειν) the Church (ἐκκλησία) of God’ (Acts 20:28)
Atonement - For the forms into which it was cast we must look to the religious conceptions-legal, sacrificial, ethical, and eschatological-which constituted their world of theological Ideas, and the background against which was set the teaching of Jesus. The necessity associated with His death was not merely the inevitable sequence of His loyalty to His Ideal of righteousness in face of the opposition of His enemies. The signs of Pauline influence are too strong for its use as a source of primitive Christian Ideas without some hesitation. Quite a procession of theological Ideas thus emerges. -(2) The covenant Idea with its sacrificial implication in ‘sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ’ is present (1 Peter 1:2), possibly reminiscent of the words at the Supper. -(3) Ransomed ‘with precious blood, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot, even the blood of Christ’ (1 Peter 1:19), combines the Idea of the sacrificial lamb with possibly an echo of the ‘ransom’ of Mark 10:45. Of course these Ideas, which the writer of 1 Peter discusses in this apparently incidental way, are closely akin to those of the righteousness by faith and ethical obedience ‘in Christ’ which St. Paul’s doctrine rested upon the common apostolic data given in (1) the words of Jesus respecting the necessity of His death on man’s behalf; (2) the very early Christian Idea that it was included in the Divine purpose; (3) the conception of the vicarious sufferings of the righteous and their merit founded on Is 53 which had been elaborated in later Jewish thought. Paul’s theory, it underwent partial transformation at his hands; it was ethicized; moreover, it was probably the vicarious Idea, as it was associated with the prophetic rather than with the priestly or legal conceptions, that he appropriated; it was not the literal legal substitution and transfer, but the vicariousness of a real experience in which the righteous bear upon their hearts the woes and sins of the sinful. -we practically get no further towards his doctrine than in his preaching, except perhaps that the Idea emerges that in some way Christ identifies Himself with our evil that He may identify us with Himself in His own good (1 Thessalonians 5:9 f
John, Theology of - Careful students, not blinded by the symbolism and other peculiarities of the Revelation, who have concentrated attention upon its main Ideas and principles, have come to the conclusion that if it did not proceed from the same pen that wrote the Gospel and Epistles, it belongs to the same school of Christian thought. (3) Only it must not be forgotten that the view thus taken of nature and conduct is Ideal, absolute, uncompromising . But all the thoughts in both are presented in a setting prepared by the definite Ideas of the writer. The molten metal of Christian thought and feeling has taken shape in the mould of a strikingly individual mind: the crystallization of the Ideas is his work, and there is consequently a unity and system about his presentation of them which may be described as distinctly Johannine. There can be little question that the Memra of the Targums, based on the usage of such passages as Psalms 33:6 ; Psalms 147:15 , and Isaiah 55:11 , formed the foundation of the Idea, and it is tolerably certain that the connotation attaching to the word had been modified by Philo’s use of it. Even in the Prologue the conception of the Word is not abstract and philosophical, but when the introduction to the Gospel is finished, the Idea never appears again; the narrative of the only Son, revealing for the first time the Father in all His fulness, proceeds as if no account of the Logos had been given. When the basis of the Gospel story has been laid in a deep doctrine of the Eternal Godhead, the Idea has done its work, and in the actual narrative it is discarded accordingly. But without the farewell discourses of Christ to His Apostles as recorded in John 14:1-31 ; John 15:1-27 ; John 16:1-33 , our Ideas of His Person and office would be comparatively meagre. John’s writings chiefly we owe the Idea of ‘the world as a dark and dire enemy,’ vague and shadowy in outline, but most formidable in its opposition to the love of the Father and the light of the life of sonship. John that fulness of possession and enjoyment which alone realizes the great ends for which existence has been given to men, and it is to be realized only in the fulfilment of the highest human Ideals through union with God in Christ. The Idea thus broached carries us beyond the boundaries of earthly existence; according to Christ’s teaching, whoever keeps His word ‘shall never taste of death’ ( John 8:52 ), and ‘though he die, yet shall he live’ ( John 11:25 ). But the two Ideas, so far from being inconsistent, confirm one another
Materialism - ...
In the next place, the faculties of thinking, &c, cannot arise from the size, figure, texture, or motion of it; because bodies by the alteration of these only become greater or less, round or square, &c, rare or dense, translated from one place to another with this or that new direction or velocity, or the like; all which Ideas are quite different from that of thinking; there can be no relation between them. And if the seat of cogitation be in more parts than one, whether they lie close together, or are loose, or in a state of fluidity, it is the same thing, how can it be avoided, but that either there must be so many several minds, or thinking substances, as there are parts, and then the consequence which has been mentioned would return upon us again; or else that there must be something else superadded for them to centre in, to unite their acts, and make their thoughts to be one? And then what can this be but some other substance, which is purely one?...
Matter by itself can never entertain abstracted and general Ideas, such as many in our minds are. For could it reflect upon what passes within itself, it could possibly find there nothing but material and particular impressions; abstractions and metaphysical Ideas could not be printed upon it. For instance: the image of a cube in my mind, or my Idea of a cube, must be always under some particular prospect, and conform to the rules of perspective; nor could I otherwise represent it to myself; whereas now I can form an Idea of it as it is in itself, and almost view all its hedrae at once, as it were encompassing it with my mind. I can within myself correct the external appearances and impressions of objects, and advance, upon the reports and hints received by my senses, to form Ideas of things that are not extant in matter. By seeing a material circle I may learn to form the Idea of a circle, or figure generated by the revolution of a ray about its centre; but then, recollecting what I know of matter upon other occasions, I can conclude there is no exact material circle. So that I have an Idea, which perhaps was raised from the hints I received from without, but is not truly to be found there. For a faculty of thinking alone will not make up the Idea of a human soul, which is endued with many faculties; apprehending, reflecting, comparing, judging, making deductions and reasoning, willing, putting the body in motion, continuing the animal functions by its presence, and giving life; and therefore, whatever it is that is superadded, it must be something which is endued with all those other faculties. Ideas rise in rapid succession, and are varied in endless combination; so that the judgment, which, next to the perception, depends most upon external objects, is unable to follow the imagination in all its wild and unwearied flights
Salt - The original Idea in this extended ritual use of salt was doubtless this that just as salt was an indispensable accompaniment of man’s dally food, so it could not be absent from the ‘food of God,’ as the sacrifices are termed in Leviticus 21:6 ; Leviticus 21:17
Hell - The New Testament teaches the Idea of punishment for sin before and after death
Holy Spirit - Ezekiel and Isaiah express the Idea of the Spirit more than any other Old Testament source
Deacon, Deaconess - ...
The Idea of serving others was not popular among the Greeks
Angel - The passages (Psalm 34:7 , Matthew 18:10 ) usually referred to in support of the Idea that every individual has a particular guardian angel have no such meaning
Thomas - " But he said with an unreasonable demand for sense evidence which is alien to the very Idea of faith, and at the same time with language that marks the vivid impression which his Lord's body nailed on the cross had made on his mind, "except I shall see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into His side (one sense, seeing, is not enough; not even feeling also will satisfy him unless he feels with both hand and finger the spear mark as well as the nail marks) I will not and cannot believe" (oumee pisteusoo )
Eye - The Matthean context of teaching on treasure in heaven (Matthew 6:19 ) and serving mammon or riches (Matthew 6:24 ) as well as the usage in Matthew 20:15 suggest that the familiar Old Testament Idea of the evil eye as the stingy eye is in mind here also
Seeing - Just as the Idea of life arises out of the miracle of the feeding of the multitude, so does that of light spring from the miracle of the healing of the man blind from his birth
Wicked - While κακός describes a thing or person as inherently lacking that which is required by its Idea, nature, or purpose, either in a physical or in a moral sense, πονηρός expresses the positive tendency to do harm in things and the conscious pursuit of the injury of others in persons
ir-ha-Heres - In Isaiah 19:18 the name to be given in the Ideal future to one of the ‘five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan, and swear to Jehovah of hosts’; AV Slave/Servant - In Israel, however, the Idea emerged that it was a great privilege to be a servant or slave of God (the various Hebrew and Greek words could be translated either)
Sanctification - ” The root Idea of the Greek stem is to stand in awe of something or someone
Soul - In the New Testament, the term psyche retreats behind the Ideas of body, flesh, spirit to characterize human existence. Connected with a figure showing statistics or numbers of people, soul becomes an Idea in the arena of the statistician (Genesis 46:26-27 ; Acts 2:41 )
Lasciviousness - ...
We may, then, conclude that the prominent Idea in ἀσέλγεια in the NT is flagrant, shameless sensuality
Elijah (2) - ) is the natural expression of his lofty Idea of the work of preparation for the Messiah contrasted with the insufficiency of the work he had actually been able to perform
Humour - There lay a broad contrast between the common sense His hearers had gathered from experience and the moral Ideals which He propounded, and it is quite clear that this contrast did not escape Him, nor can He have failed to see that, judged by the ordinary common sense of men, His sayings were absurd. The Idea of having ‘a beam in one’s own eye’ is grotesque, as He meant it to be (Matthew 7:3-5)
Jephthah - These last words seem to convey, not obscurely, the Idea that Jephthah devoted his daughter to the Lord, by consecrating her to a life of celibacy
Abba - ]'>[1]...
Lightfoot on Galatians 4:6 argues that the bilingual expression is a liturgical formula originating with Hellenistic Jews, who, while clinging to the original word which was consecrated by long usage, added to it the Greek equivalent; but he supports an alternative theory that it took its rise among Jews of Palestine after they had become acquainted with the Greek language, and is simply an expression of importunate entreaty, and an example of that verbal usage whereby the same Idea is conveyed in different forms for the sake of emphasis
First-Born First-Begotten - Ishmael, the eldest son of Abraham, had not the birthright because he was the son of a slave woman (Genesis 21:10), though he was not, according to Hebrew Ideas, a slave (see Roman Law). We may, with Lightfoot, take the reference to be to all Christians as being firstborn because all are kings (Revelation 1:6); the Idea of ruling is so closely attached to the title that it can be thus extended, though the metaphor becomes confused-indeed, it was used by some Rabbis of God Himself (Lightfoot, p
Beam And Mote - for δέχομαι with the Idea of bearing, so that δοκός is that which supports a building
Anthropomorphism - Idolaters express their religious longings by projecting their Ideals onto their gods. ...
The Incarnation While the Old Testament concept of the image of God is reflected in the New Testament (see 1 Corinthians 11:7 ; James 3:9 ), the Idea is transformed in light of the incarnation
Goat - But the "wilderness which no man went through, and none inhabited," carried with it the same Idea, that "the iniquity of Israel when, sought for, there should be none; and the sins of Judah, and they should not be found
Host - ...
This word involves several interrelated Ideas: a group; impetus; difficulty; and force. These Ideas undergird the general concept of “service” which one does for or under a superior rather than for himself. …” The Idea is more concrete in Think, Devise - The same Idea concerns the provisions for the Levites when Israel offered their gifts to the Lord ( Remember - ...
The Septuagint translates these words by several derivatives from one root, mimnesko, by which the Idea comes into the New Testament
Ambition - ’...
It is in accordance with the literary characteristics of the Gospel narratives that such an abstract Idea as ambition can be found only under some picturesque phrase, e. The virtues which are most prominent in the Christian Ideal leave no room at all for Ambition in the generally accepted use of the word
Atonement - The proper Idea of an atonement is that which brings the forgiveness of transgressors into harmony with all the perfections of the Godhead
Pontus - 111, and his correspondence with Trajan gives a clear Idea of the changes already being wrought by the new religion-in his view a ‘superstitio prava immodica’-not only in the great towns but in remote country places (Ep
Prince (2) - Moreover, there is no suggestion here of that Idea of ‘leadership’ which is in keeping with both of the passages in Hebrews, and seems best to bring out their full meaning
Unbelief - By the transmission of tales, half mythical, and half historical, by forms and statutes bearing the impress of religious feelings or Ideas, mingled with multifarious poems, which showed a powerful imaginative spirit, rugged indeed, or, if animated by the spirit of beauty, at least devoid of that of holiness,—all these varied materials were interwoven so completely into all the characters, customs, and relations of social life, that the religious matter could no longer be separated from the mixed mass, nor be disentangled from the individual nature of the life and political character of each people with which it was interwoven. Through this principle of deifying the powers of nature, by which every exertion of bare power, even though immoral, might be received among the objects of religious veneration, the Idea of holiness which beams forth from man's conscience must continually have been thrown into the back ground and overshadowed. This very feeling showed itself even in the polytheism of national religions, under the Idea of a highest God, or a father of the gods. Among those who gave themselves up to the consideration of divine things, and to reflection upon then, this Idea of an original unity must have been more clearly recognized, and must have formed the centre point of all their inward religious life and thought. The belief in God here produced neither the desire after that Ideal perfection of holiness, the contemplation of which shows at the same time to man the corruption of his own nature, so opposite to that holiness; nor that consciousness of guilt by which man, contemplating the holiness of God within him, feels himself estranged from God; nor does this belief impart any lively power of sanctification
Will - The NT writers start from the same circle of Ideas. On the other hand, the noun is practically confined to the Idea of a solemn Divine purpose; hence its inapplicability to human desires. At the same time, NT language shrinks from the Idea that God could actually deliberate. Acts 8:23; Acts 13:10 hint at the same Idea, and perhaps Galatians 3:1; cf
Eschatology - To this period must be attributed also the development of the Idea of Sheol, until it included places for the punishment of evil spirits and evil men. ...
The Idea of individual immortality is also highly developed in the apocalypses. Jesus, however, does not elaborate the Idea of the Kingdom in itself, but rather makes it a point of contact with the Jews for His exposition of eternal life, that is to say, the life that characterizes the coming age and may be begun in the present evil age
God, Names of - Job and Psalms have most of the 238 occurrences of El [ Numbers 23:19 ; Deuteronomy 32:4 ), jealousy (Deuteronomy 5:9 ), and compassion (Nehemiah 9:31 ; Psalm 103:19-21 ), but the root Idea of "might" remains. ...
The word Eloah [2] (60 times), occurring most often in Job, etymologically underscores the Idea of "power. The Idea of rule is expressly asserted in the enthronement psalms (93,96-99), but is already found in Psalm 2
Entry Into Jerusalem - The washing of the feet, the entry, and the cleansing of the Temple, stand together as dramatic representations of the principles and Ideas of the Kingdom of God; of the humility and self-denial required in the life of the Christian; of the mixture of condescension and majesty in the manner of the King’s coming; and of the peace He gives and of the judgment that follows in His steps. And His answer was in keeping with His object of purifying the Messianic Ideas and exalting the Messianic Ideals of His age. ‘The kingdom of our father David’ recalls the grand Ideal of the theocratic ruler, the representative of J" [4] , the Ideal son to whose descendants that throne was ensured (2 Samuel 7:16), upon which the prophets of the OT continued to build their hopes—hopes which had become greatly modified and materialized during the struggle with Antiochus and Rome, and by contact with Grecian thought, and which made the ordinary Jew dream of a deliverer with all the heroic qualities of a Judas Maceabaeus, and the more philosophic think of an earthly empire, cosmopolitan and world-ruling like the Roman. It was the Idea in the prophets, chiefly in Daniel 7:13-14; Daniel 7:17, of a kingdom, holy, supernatural, universal and eternal, that Jesus sought to recover from the lumber-room of tradition; and in this He was assisted by the gradual revival of more spiritual Messianic hopes among thoughtful and devout Jews like Simeon and Anna (cf. ]'>[4] Himself is generally represented as Saviour, while the Messiah was the prince of the redeemed people; the Idea that the Messiah was the Redeemer being more recent. (4) There was another Ideal of the OT realized in Jesus on this occasion. 141) observes, ‘He leaves the Idea of the Messiah far behind Him, because He filled it with a content that burst it
Temple - The distinctive Idea of a temple, contrasted with all other buildings, is that it is the dwelling-place of a deity; and every heathen temple had its idol, but the true and living God dwelt "between the cherubim" in the Holy of Holies at Jerusalem. ...
From the descriptions which are handed down to us of the temple of Solomon, it is utterly impossible to obtain so accurate an Idea of its relative parts and their respective proportions, as to furnish such an account as may be deemed satisfactory to the reader. The following account may give a general Idea of the building
Corinthians, First And Second, Theology of - This Idea is commonly referred to as the "already/not yet" eschatological tension. It can be demonstrated that such an Idea — the overlapping of the two ages is the key to understanding 1,2Corinthians as well. The Idea of the kingdom of God in 1,2Corinthians transcends the terminology. The Corinthian correspondence associates three Ideas with the Spirit: wisdom, the temple of God, and spiritual gifts. The wisdom of God was understood by Jewish apocalyptic writers to be the manifestation of the divine plan to holy men of God and, as such, was related to the Idea of "mystery
Israel, Israelite - —The monolatry which preceded monotheism was calculated to give birth to the Idea that between Jahweh and His people there was a close and mutual agreement. But there were two other crises in Israel’s history where the Idea of a covenant is prominent
Faith - Aman expresses the Idea of stability and steadfastness in this form and is translated as standing firm ( Job 39:24 , RSV; Isaiah 7:9 NIV), or “to trust” (a person) or “to believe” (a statement). ...
Because the Old Testament does not have a word equivalent to the English noun, “faith,” does not mean the Idea of faith is unimportant for the Old Testament
Mercy, Merciful - ...
Mercy in the Old Testament Three main Hebrew roots involve the Idea of mercy. ...
Mercy in the New Testament Three word families express the Idea of mercy in the New Testament
Name, Names - There are many indications of the persistence of this Idea. family life, but the Idea of a distinguishing and honourable surname is not altogether wanting; see Isaiah 44:5 ; Isaiah 45:4 , Job 32:21 , and some of the familiar double names
Violence - ...
It is evident that a, b, d closely correspond to α, β, δ; why, then, should not c be taken to convey the same Idea as γ? This is the view of Melanchthon, Stier, Banks, and others, who hold that βιάζεται in Mt. It is possible, however, to take the words as a description rather than as a commendation of the disciples, and to find in them a reference to those earthly Ideas of the Messianic Kingdom which even the Apostles held until the day of the Ascension (cf. Unless absolutely driven to it, we ought not to try to discover beneath these words an Idea so distinctly at variance with the whole style of our Lord’s teaching
Light And Darkness - In 1 Timothy 6:16, again, where God is represented as dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, the metaphor of light is transferred from God Himself to His dwelling-place, with reference probably to Exodus 33:18-23; but the Idea conveyed is that of a holiness that is absolute in its separateness from all human imperfection (cf. ’ And here also the Idea of this light without shadow or eclipse is used to emphasize the fact, previously referred to, of the essential holiness of One who cannot be tempted with evil and who Himself tempteth no man (James 1:13)
Happiness - Pagan and Christian Ideals compared. Christianity could and did; the apologists point triumphantly to the realization of the moral Ideal among Christians of every standing. It is a religious Idea, drawing its worth from the blessing which God imparts. Christian joy, like other Christian graces, is inward; and the OT conception of blessedness, in so far as it consisted in prosperity and length of days, yields to a more spiritual Ideal. The ethical Ideal of Jesus differs from Hedonism, in which morality and happiness are synonymous terms, because with Him blessedness is the associate of virtue. Plato had climbed to a lofty place when he declared that man’s happiness was to be found in a supernatural good, in the knowledge of Ideas, especially the Idea of God. Jesus leads us up from imitation of God and acquaintance with Divine Ideas to the sublime fact that we may know God personally. Into our restlessness of soul, due in part to imperfect Ideas, Christ comes with a fellowship and an ambition grand enough to supply man with the peace after which he is ever struggling (Matthew 11:28)
Evil (2) - Jesus, however, strongly protested against the Idea that every calamity is to be regarded as a punishment for individual sin. This specially Jewish Idea, which Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar develop at length in the Book of Job, is definitely condemned (Luke 13:4, John 9:3)
Red Sea - This supposition depends upon the erroneous Idea that in the time of Moses the gulf did not extend farther to the northward then at present. The term "wall" does not appear to oblige us to suppose, as many have done, that the sea stood up like a cliff on either side, but should rather be considered to mean a barrier, as the former Idea implies a seemingly needless addition to the miracle, while the latter seems to be not discordant with the language of the narrative
Mystery - Mystery—religion transcended all lines of mere nationality, substituting its own brotherhoods of initiates, and offered the Idea of personal deliverance and immortality as the goal; as the means, it offered sacramental (instead of sacrificial) union with a Redeemer-god (θεὸς σωτήρ), who, in contrast with the Olympian divinities, participated in the suffering and death of humanity, and won for men victory over their spiritual foes. Romans 9-11 attempts a theodicy of the rejection of Israel the covenant people in favour of the Gentiles, based upon the same Idea of judicial hardening, and employing the same passage from Isaiah. Mysterien, 1896; also Cheetham, The Mysteries Pagan and Christian, 1897; and Hatch, The Influence of Greek Ideas and Usages upon the Christian Church, ch
Parousia (2) - Mark 9:1, Luke 9:27), and the same Idea of nearness is expressed in Matthew 10:23 and Mark 14:62. The Idea implied in His utterances is rather that His final glorious advent shall mark the definite close of the long drama of human life on the earth, by the removal of all His true disciples to the heavenly state, and the consignment of the unfaithful to the doom prepared for them
Holy - The Idea of “holy” is important for an understanding of God, of worship, and of the people of God in the Bible
Black People And Biblical Perspectives - ...
These passages have become less objectionable when viewed with the “interim ethic” Idea
Decrees - The Idea of "decree" may be present even where a specific technical term for "decree" does not occur
Supernatural - But even in such cases as this the Idea attached to the word is not clear
Abounding - Paul is preeminent among NT writers for the way in which he has grasped the same Idea, and caught the spirit of the Master in his exposition of spiritual realities
Judgment Day - ...
Old Testament Background The Idea of the judgment day reaches back into the Old Testament concepts of divine judgment and the day of the Lord. The Hebrew mishpat brings together the Ideas of judging and ruling into a single concept focused in the authority of God as Sovereign over the nation of Israel and over creation
Mediator, Mediation - But the Idea of mediation, that is, of God dealing with man, or man with God, not directly but through the interposition of another, has a leading place throughout Scripture
Remnant - Several Hebrew words express the remnant Idea: yether , “that which is left over”; she' ar , “that which remains”; she' rith , “residue”; pelitah , “one who escapes”; sar id, “a survivor”; and, sheruth , “one loosed from bonds. With strong language he tore down their mistaken Ideas (Amos 3:12-15 ; Amos 5:2-3 ,Amos 5:2-3,5:18-20 ; 1618105954_1 ; Amos 9:1-6 )
Witness - In 1 Timothy 6:13 a like connexion of Ideas is applied to our Lord Himself, who is said to have ‘witnessed the good confession’ before Pontius Pilate. The Idea here is hardly that of denunciation, but of ominous announcement
Servant of the Lord, the - ...
The Idea is introduced almost incidentally. ...
Isaiah 42:1 gives a remarkable picture of the Ideal Servant of the Lord and the great work that God intends Him to accomplish. This first part of Isaiah 42:1 pictures the Ideal Servant—the goal for which Israel was to be preserved. ...
As an Israelite read this prediction, he would think: “How can Israel even think of performing this great task that God's Servant must do?” Soon the Lord Himself called attention to the inability of the natural Israelite to fulfill the picture of the Ideal Servant. In Isaiah 42:19 He says, “Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I sent?” Israel had a responsibility to fulfill this Ideal, but to do so was far beyond its power
New Heavens And a New Earth - The Idea of new heavens and a new earth is explicitly noted in Isaiah 65:17 ; 66:22 ; 2 pe 3:13 ; and Revelation 21:1
Oil - The same Idea is present in the consecration of the tabernacle and especially the priesthood
Lawlessness - Although the Greek term anomia [1], which translates all of these terms in the Septuagint, might lead one to suspect that breaking of the Mosaic Law (ho nomos ) is primarily in view, the more general Idea of iniquity or of Acts that reflect rebellion against God is the basic one. These same Ideas are in view in the New Testament's development of lawlessness (anomia [1])
Liberality - Thus the payment of tithe, which in our Lord’s time was evidently regarded as an Ideal (cf. The complete bestowal of earthly possessions on the poor, accompanied by ‘taking up the cross’ and following Christ, which is required of the rich young ruler in addition to the observance of the commandments (Matthew 19:21, Mark 10:21, Luke 18:22), is not necessarily a rule of universal obligation, but evidently intended to meet this special case; underlying it is the Idea, never absent from our Lord’s teaching as to the use of wealth, that wealth is a trust from God, and to be renounced when it becomes a hindrance to spiritual life
Prophecy - I do not apprehend that these distinctions of greater and lesser prophets is given to them from the most distant Idea that the writings of the lesser prophets are less important than those of the greater, but wholly on account of their bulk
Covetousness - πλεονεξία) has the root-idea of greed, shown in a strong desire to acquire, even more than in a keen wish to keep
Ancestor-Worship - The Idea was that the spirit of the dead person, escaping from the body, might take up its abode in some open vessel instead of entering the gloomy realms of Sheol
Minister - An able minister will have something of all these united in him, though he may not excel in all; and it becomes every one who is a candidate for the ministry to get a clear Idea of each, that he may not be deficient in the discharge of that work which is the most important that can be sustained by mortal beings
Law - Some deny that it is a rule of conduct to believers under the Gospel dispensation; but it is easy to see the futility of such an Idea; for as a transcript of the mind of God, it must be the criterion of moral good and evil. It affords us grand Ideas of the holiness and purity of God: without attention to it, we can have no knowledge of sin
Borrow - From that memorable passage in Scripture, Exodus 3:22, where the Lord commanded Moses, that the people should borrow of their neighbours, on their departure from Egypt, jewels of gold and of silver, the Idea hath arisen in many minds, that as the things then borrowed were never afterwards returned, there was intended, and committed, a real fraud
Eustathius (3), Bishop of Berrhoea - In this he attacks Origen with great vehemence, ridicules him as a πολυΐστωρ , and controverts his Idea that the prophet Samuel was actually called up by the witch of Endor (Gall
Eden - To this it is replied, that, according to this scheme, the garden was intersected by a great branch of the Euphrates, in the lower and broadest part of its course; which will give it an extent absolutely irreconcilable with the Idea of Adam's "dressing" it by his own manual labour, or even of overlooking it: beside that all communication would be cut off between its different parts by a stream half a mile in width
Nazareth - The Idea that it means ‘consecrated,’ ‘devoted to God’ (from נָדַר, whence Nazirite), or that it denotes ‘my Saviour’ (נוֹצְרִי), may be dismissed at once
Grape - The bunch of grapes which was cut in the valley of Eshcol, and was brought upon a staff between two men to the camp of Israel at Kadeshbarnea, Numbers 13:23 , may give us some Idea of the largeness of the fruit in that country
Fox - To give an Idea of his own extreme poverty, the Lord Jesus says, Luke 9:58 , "Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head
Ban - The original Idea, common to all the Semitic languages, is that of withdrawing something from common use and setting it apart for the exclusive use of a deity. The case of Achan, after the ban and capture of Jericho, affords a striking illustration of the early Ideas associated with the ban. ...
With regard to the wholesale application of the war ban in the Deuteronomic sections of Joshua, modern criticism has taught us to see in these the Ideal generalizations of the exilic age
Work, Wrought - , Mark 13:34 ; John 4:34 ; 17:4 ; Acts 13:2 ; Philippians 2:30 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:13 ; in Acts 5:38 with the Idea of enterprise; (II) "a deed, act," (a) of God, e
Nazareth - The Idea that it means ‘consecrated,’ ‘devoted to God’ (from נָדַר, whence Nazirite), or that it denotes ‘my Saviour’ (נוֹצְרִי), may be dismissed at once
Pillar - Paul’s Idea then is that each living society of Christian men is a pillar and stay of “the truth” as an object of belief and a guide of life for mankind, each such Christian society bearing its part in sustaining and supporting the one truth common to all’ (cf
Belief (2) - Hume says: ‘A belief may be most accurately described as a lively Idea related to or associated with a present impression. ...
According to Hume, ‘an opinion or belief is nothing but an Idea that is different from a fiction, not in the nature or in the order of its parts, but in the manner of its being conceived. An Idea assented to feels different from a fictitious Idea that the fancy presents to us; and this feeling I endeavour to explain by calling it a superior force, or vivacity, or solidity or firmness, or steadiness’ (Hume’s Works, i. Thus the initial postulate of belief is that it is in a world in which it may make itself at home, and the final demand of belief in developed humanity is that it shall find itself in a rational, intelligible world, in which its Ideals of unity, intelligibility, beauty, and worth may and will find their realization. Instead of considering social institutions, Ideas, and phenomena as spontaneous products of the nameless multitude, modern Psychology rightly considers them the outcome of individual genius, subsequently consolidated, diffused, and preserved for the whole species by imitation. This Idea, admirably developed by Tarde, on which Baldwin founds his studies of social Psychology, has transformed the theories which were current with regard to the evolution of the collective mind, which is thus presented in the light of a conscious, and not of an unconscious evolution like that of geological phenomena. ...
In the sphere of religions belief we have clear and overwhelming evidence of the weight and influence of personality in the shaping of belief, and in the advance of men to clearer thought and purer embodiment of the religious Ideals. It has been through the striving, the toil, the agony of great men that the Ideals of religion have attained to form and reality. But no great personality answers to the Ideal of greatness in all the aspects of greatness. The great epochs of human life, the times which stand out in history as full of heroic endeavour, of far-reaching aspiration, and of substantial gain for other ages, have been pre-eminently periods of abounding trust in great Ideals; and these Ideals appear in all their grandeur as embodied in some great personality. The imitative mind found its Ideal embodied in the great man of its time; and was touched as with a flame, and followed on and became greater than it knew. The great personality became for the lesser men the embodiment of the highest Ideal they had ever known; and they, so far as they saw it, embodied it in their own action and character, and wrought it so far into the very constitution of humanity. So the vision grew; and as one personality after another revealed to men the possible synthesis of the Ideal greatness of a perfect personality, men were educated to perceive what they ought to demand in the Ideal of a perfect personality in whom they might completely and absolutely trust. ...
In the perfect personality in whom man may absolutely trust all kinds of Ideals must meet, and be harmonized in a perfect unity. And each part of man’s complex nature makes its own demand and contributes its own share towards the realization of the Ideal. Our moral nature demands its Ideal of perfect goodness, righteousness, and holiness in order to meet the needs of our moral nature, and to give us scope for the exercise of reverence towards that which is above us, love towards all that helps and sustains us, and benevolence towards all that needs our help. The aesthetic nature furnishes its Ideal of perfect beauty and harmony, and demands that reality shall meet this as it meets every other demand. The Christian belief is that all these Ideals meet and are realized in God. It is the business of Theism to show how these Ideals are realized in God, and it is the business of the metaphysician, the ethicist, the aestheticist, and the poet to show how the various Ideals converge to the one great Ideal whom we reverently call God. Our intellectual, ethical, spiritual, artistic, and emotional Ideals agree, must agree, if we are to attain to harmony of life and fulness of being. ...
Is there a Personality who can be to all men what some personalities have been to some men and to some nations? Is there one who can be to all nations what the national heroes have been to particular peoples, one who can embody their highest Ideals, and who can so react on them as to make them work out these Ideals in themselves? That is the claim which history makes for Christ, which Christians make for Him, and which they believe has been verified in human experience by all who have trusted and followed Him. This is not the place to unfold the meaning of the claim of Christ to the reverence and trust of all men, nor to set forth His ability to meet all the needs of our nature and to satisfy all our Ideals. The main demands of our nature may be summed up in the Ideals we have noted above: the demand for unity, the demand for purity, the longing for beauty and harmony, the thirst for love and goodness and fulness of life. But we need to be educated and trained to appreciate the Ideal, for it may be, nay, it is, the reversal of many human Ideals. Man has often mistaken his real needs, and has also mistaken the Ideals which alone can satisfy them. The intellectual, moral, aesthetic, and religious needs of man have sought satisfaction in the pursuit of false Ideals, and have not found it. ...
As to the ability of Christ to satisfy our needs and meet our Ideals, we have just to make the same reference
Perfection (of Jesus) - Jesus shows them their Ideal. He belongs to one age and people; and the Ideal of his day, which is only in a state of becoming, and is surely passing away into some higher, fuller Ideal, as the thought and experience of the race widen, inevitably bounds his spirit. The Ideal of the good man grows; it draws to itself elements from different nations and different times; it passes through subtle changes and permutations. God speaks to men at sundry times and in divers manners; and not only great men, but nations, are His prophets to the spirit of the wide world which is travailing with the perfect Ideal of man. He took their highest Ideas of God and of moral duty and purified these, making them the light of to-day. And that Idea wrought itself out perfectly in His teaching and conduct. ’...
Nor is the Ideal of Jesus subject to time. There are creative times in the world’s history when a great Idea is expressed, and it becomes the task of centuries to understand and assimilate it. The Ideal of Jesus may gather content in and through all the experiences and relations and offices of those who live in this Kingdom. But never will the mind of the world pass beyond the bounds of that Ideal, or draw light from any further source. ...
The Messianic Idea was another great temptation. There everything material and external fell from His Idea of it. These elements of His purification of the Messianic Idea only emerged gradually in His teaching, but they were present to His consciousness at the beginning, when He determined to worship God only, and to serve Him in simple obedience to His highest thought, making no compromise with the Prince of this world (Matthew 4:10). That is an Ideal which thought may win; but it has been fully realized only in Him who suffered the contradiction of sinners with unfailing patience and serenity of heart, and who prayed on the cross for those who placed Him there, and who reviled Him in His agony, ‘Father, forgive them: for they know not what they do’ (Luke 23:34)
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - Among the most significant of these subthemes are: the role of the prophet in relation to the king; the significance of the ark; and the messianic Idea and the Davidic covenant. ...
Third, the kingship of Saul failed to correspond to the covenant Ideal (1 Samuel 13-31 ). ...
Fourth, the kingship of David was an imperfect, but true, representation of the covenantal Ideal (1Sam. ...
In view of this promise it is surprising that David, like Saul before him, is not presented in the narratives of 2Samuel as a king whose reign perfectly conforms to the covenantal Ideal. ...
David himself describes the covenantal Ideal for kingship in words given to him by God. " It is in these traits that David truly, although imperfectly, exemplifies the Ideal of the covenantal king. ...
The Messianic Idea and the Davidic Covenant . Perhaps the most significant theological feature of 1-2Samuel is its contribution to the development of the messianic Idea in Scripture by virtue of its association of anointing with kingship (1 Samuel 2:10 b; 9:16 ; 10:1 ; 16:13 ), as well as by its provision of a framework for the development of this Idea through its presentation of the Davidic covenant (2 Samuel 7 ; 23:5 ). Although the technical sense of "messiah" as an "ideal king of the future" did not emerge u
Announcements of Death - It is the unexpressed Idea in this struggle for the mastery of men. By itself this reference might allude merely to the death that would come to Christ as to other men, but the numerous other clear passages of a different nature preclude that Idea here. This is not a new Idea to Jesus, as we have already seen. Ἀντί is here used to express the Idea of substitution, though ὑπέρ is more common in this sense in the NT (John 11:50) and in the earlier Greek (Alcestis, for instance)
Time - -In all ages and among all peoples the Idea of time tends to be expressed in the figure of a continually and evenly running stream. The adequacy of the measure of time for the maturing of a definite plan is given in the Idea of ‘fullness. In the phrase πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρός (Mark 1:15) the more appropriate term would have been χρόνος, but since the intention of the writer is to show not the lapse of mere time, but the appearance of a new era, the word used expresses the Idea more accurately. On one side it helped to define the older prophetic ‘latter days’ (as a distinct period when Ideal conditions would prevail); at the same time it gave a background to the doctrine of the ‘Day of Jehovah. On the other side, by discovering an Ideal moral character in the latter age, the doctrine infused comfort into the hearts of the faithful in the present evil days by promising a definite change with the beginning of the new era
Number - Genesis 13:16 ) the nearest approach which the Bible makes to the mathematical Idea of infinity. ’...
One , suggesting the Idea of uniqueness, self-sufficiency, and indivisibility, is specially emphasized in relation to the Divine Unity: ‘Jahweh our God, Jahweh is one’ ( Deuteronomy 6:4 ); and similarly Ephesians 4:5 f. A specially sacred character is popularly ascribed to the number seven; and although the Bible does not expressly endorse this Idea, yet it is supported by the frequent occurrence of the number in the ritual, the sacred seventh day, the Sabbath; the sacred seventh year, the Sabbatical year; the Jubilee year, the year following seven times seven years; the seven-branched candlestick; sevenfold sprinkling ( Leviticus 4:6 etc. ...
A certain mystical value is attached to numbers in later Jewish and Christian philosophy and superstition, perhaps due partly to the Ideas suggested by the relations of numbers to each other, and to the practical power of arithmetic; the symbols which aided men so effectually seemed to have some inherent force of their own
Eucharist - ...
(3) The Eucharist is Paschal in origin and Idea . Paul’s explanatory statement ‘ye proclaim the Lord’s death’ though the natural interpretation of the Greek is in favour of the Idea suggested by the RV Justice (2) - 15) qualifies the general Idea by making it refer to what is due to one’s neighbour; and Plato (Republic, Bks. ) deals with δἰκαιοσύνη at great length but almost exclusively in the sense of political and individual justice, though he does attempt to give the Idea a wider scope by connecting it with that of the Absolute Good. This is the general Idea of righteousness; but our word ‘justice’ must be taken as signifying the recognition and fulfilment of what is due from one to another, righteous dealing between persons, each rendering to others what is their right and due. For a Christian man to say, ‘I have done my neighbour justice, and he has no claim on me for more,’ is to prove false to the Christian Ideal; for, in the Kingdom of righteousness, benevolence is not something that may be withheld, but is simply justice made perfect
Evolution (Christ And) - The Theistic type of the Evolutionary philosophy, however—the central Idea of which is that the goal of Evolution and not its beginnings provides us with the principle of cosmic interpretation, and that spirit and not matter furnishes the key to the riddle of the Universe—leaves us free to deal with the Supreme Person and Fact of history with open minds. —It is manifest that the Idea of Incarnation is not a priori incompatible with such a philosophy of God and man. The Christian contention is that in Him the Evolutionary process finds its consummation on the one side—He was the Ideal Man made actual; and that a fresh Evolutionary start was made by the fusion of the Divine and human natures in Him on the other—He was the Son of God Incarnate, ‘manifested to take away sin’ (1 John 3:5), and to project the race on the lines of its true development and life, which had been interrupted and swerved aside by the intrusion of sin into the world. This conception of the Person and work of Christ, while it falls into line with the Evolutionary Idea in one direction, appears to fall foul of it in another, because of the claim it makes that there was in the nature of Christ an incommensurable factor, incapable of being explained by the laws of organic life, or by human psychology,—manifesting itself in a life of unique goodness and power, begun by a free special act of God in the Virgin-birth, and consummated by the objective Resurrection of our Lord from the dead. The upward striving of humanity for union with its Creator as personal finds its historical witness in (1) the universal function of worship, prayer, and sacrifice, and (2) the Hebrew prophetic vision of the Ideal Servant of Jehovah, and the Messianic hope; and it suggests, as God is personal, a corresponding act of self-revelation in a historical Person who would unite in himself the human aspiration and the Divine manifestation; while the gradual revelation consummated in the coming of Christ, and recorded in the Old and New Testaments, is in line with all the known laws of God’s evolutionary methods. It was (1) the realization of the perfect type of humanity—Christ as the Ideal Man; (2) the achievement of a great restorative or saving work—Christ as the sufficient Saviour; (3) the beginning of a fresh departure in the upward Life of the Race—Christ as the Founder and Head of His Church, and the source of the higher spiritual movements of history. ...
(1) As the Ideal Man, Jesus revealed the possibilities and determined the type of perfect manhood for the race. Yet beneath all this we see a true revelation of the Perfect Man, universal in its scope, yet appealing to each individual man as his exemplar; Ideal in its purity and holiness, yet throbbing with contagious life; beyond the reach of literal imitation, yet quickening each of His followers to the realization of his own individual life and personality. And this NT picture of Jesus as the Ideal Man is one that the noblest minds of Christendom throughout the centuries have accepted. There is no historical character that has ever threatened to divide the sovereignty of Jesus in the spiritual homage of men; and such ‘detached’ thinkers as Goethe and Carlyle, Strauss and Renan, Richter and Lecky have borne unqualified testimony to the solitary and unapproachable grandeur of the moral Ideal incarnated in Him. ’—From the Evolutionary standpoint the question is often asked, whether such an Ideal life must not necessarily have appeared as the consummation of the spiritual development of the race,—as the last link in the series. ), and, if the actual historical manifestation of the Messiah for whom they waited was not in accordance with their literal expectations, it was the true fulfilment of the spiritual movement of which their Ideals and prophecies were a part. In Evolutionary language, the ‘embryonic’ Christ of prophecy became in due course the actual Christ of history, or, less figuratively, the dimly outlined Ideal Life of aspiration took objective form in the manifested life of the Son of God. Or, we may say that the right time for an Ideal to be actualized in the life of humanity would be, at that precise moment when the capacity for conceiving and recognizing an Ideal had been sufficiently developed to appreciate it. Before this, it would be wasted; later, it would have been belated; and Jesus came and embodied the Ideal Life just when humanity was capable of profiting by it, and of being stirred by it into higher aspiration and endeavour. Apart from this, the presentation of an Ideal Life would be a mockery, for its realization would be impossible. This new force has leavened and in a measure created modern Western civilization, and though it has so far not succeeded in permeating it through and through with the Christian spirit, it is demonstrable that its finest and most potent elements are those derived from the Christian Ideal and ennobled by the Christian graces. It is clear that there is no rival directive or inspiring Ideal among mankind that could take the place of Christianity without crying halt to all that is noblest in the life of the race. Since the lines of cosmic development have so far been on the whole in an upward direction, and since there is no indication that the Christian Ideal has lost its hold on the best minds of the race, or is less potent than formerly in regenerating individual souls and in inspiring the Church to ever fresh activity and influence, there is reason for confident belief that at last the race as a whole will be raised to the Christian level, and that the future is with Him of whom it is prophesied that He shall reign in undisputed sway over the affections and command the obedience of all mankind (Philippians 2:9-11, Revelation 11:15 etc
Hymn - ‘While the leading Idea of ψαλμ. Notice the prominence of the Idea of a Messianic redemption from sin, which is characteristically Jewish-Christian (cf
Micah, Theology of - Hasel, The History and Theology of the Remnant Idea from Genesis to Isaiah ; A. Hillers, Covenant: The History of a Biblical Idea ; idem, Micah ; B
Providence of God - When applied to God the Idea takes on a vastly larger dimension because God not only looks ahead and attempts to make provision for his goals, but infallibly accomplishes what he sets out to do. ...
Foundational Ideas . Providence is a pervasive Idea in the Scriptures, which makes it difficult to summarize
Heart - ); and in that suggestive saying, ‘A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good, and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil’ (Luke 6:45); and the Idea is to be found running through all His teaching. It was His dominant Idea that on the disposition of the heart the spiritual value of worship depends (John 4:24), and He had strong warnings to utter against the offerings at the altar when sinister feelings were nursed within (Matthew 5:23), and the ascription of honour to God with the lips while the heart was far from Him (Matthew 15:8). —In view of the fact that the great spiritual Ideas inculcated by the prophets had been hardened into fixed laws and rules, in formal obedience to which righteousness was made to consist, Christ’s endeavour to recall men to the supreme importance of inner motive was calculated to exert a powerful effect. He made it (2) effectually operative,—an energizing force, working itself out in practical life, impressing its hallowed Ideas and aims on the world of affairs, and proving its reality by the heightened quality of the actions to which it leads
Silence - For the self-hood of Jesus is His mission, His purpose, the Idea of His life. His words have all reference to the central Idea which constitutes His earthly existence
Good - ...
Although the following article is dealing with the Christian moral Ideal as ‘goodness,’ this brief statement in introducing the subject of ‘the good’ as man’s ‘chief end’ has been made for two reasons. ...
The Idea of the good combines character and condition; it includes Tightness and happiness, holiness and blessedness, or, as the Shorter Catechism puts it: ‘man’s chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him for ever. We need not then further pursue the Idea of the good as duty, but may confine ourselves to it as boon. Paul’s counsels and commands even in his letters show that this end of the Law was Ideal rather than actual
Commandments - Jesus Himself, however, passed wholly beyond the Idea of an outward statutory law. He bases morality on a new principle of inward harmony with God’s will, and discards the whole Idea involved in the term ‘commandment
God - The Idea seems to be quantitative rather than metaphysical. In such an instance, the Creator is deemed to have been “from everlasting to everlasting”; but even this use of ôlâm expresses the Idea of continued, measurable existence rather than a state of being independent of temporal considerations
Houses - A correct Idea of their richness and splendour may be formed from the description which the inspired writer has given of the hangings in the royal garden at Shushan, the ancient capital of Persia: "Where were white, green, and blue hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple, to silver rings and pillars of marble," Esther 1:6 . I never saw any picture that could give a more correct Idea of a deluge than the valley of the Nile in this season
Heart - ); and in that suggestive saying, ‘A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good, and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil’ (Luke 6:45); and the Idea is to be found running through all His teaching. It was His dominant Idea that on the disposition of the heart the spiritual value of worship depends (John 4:24), and He had strong warnings to utter against the offerings at the altar when sinister feelings were nursed within (Matthew 5:23), and the ascription of honour to God with the lips while the heart was far from Him (Matthew 15:8). —In view of the fact that the great spiritual Ideas inculcated by the prophets had been hardened into fixed laws and rules, in formal obedience to which righteousness was made to consist, Christ’s endeavour to recall men to the supreme importance of inner motive was calculated to exert a powerful effect. He made it (2) effectually operative,—an energizing force, working itself out in practical life, impressing its hallowed Ideas and aims on the world of affairs, and proving its reality by the heightened quality of the actions to which it leads
Presentation - Still, the leading thought in the history of His Presentation in the Temple is that of His having come ‘that the scripture might be fulfilled’ (Luke 21:22-24; Luke 24:44), ‘and that the whole life of the God-man on earth might present a realization of that Ideal depicted in the prophetic writings of the OT’ (Oosterzee). Mary’s availing herself of the permission, as a poor woman, to offer the two doves instead of the costlier lamb is not consistent with the Idea that the gold offered by the Wise Men was at her disposal: while St. ...
The Evangelist’s use of the words ‘parents’ (Luke 2:27) and ‘father and mother’ (Luke 2:33) have been urged as evidence that ‘the Idea of the supernatural’ conception of Jesus has not penetrated to this part of the legendary materials here collected together’ (Schmidt and Holzendorff, Short Protestant Commentary); to which we may answer that he would have been a poor redactor who, having transcribed ch
Red Heifer - The Semites shared these Ideas with primitive communities in every part of the world. Hence, although the literary formulation of the rite of the Red Heifer in Numbers 19:1-22 may be late, the Ideas and practices thereof are certainly older than the Hebrews themselves. ...
While the central Idea of the rite the efficacy of ashes as a cathartic, due probably to their connexion with fire (cf
Simon Magus - He also adds that Helena, a fallen woman who accompanied him, was ‘the first Idea generated by him
Truth - Firmness or stability is the fundamental Idea of the root, and to this radical thought most of the uses of the Heb. It is there both as a moral and as an intellectual quality standing midway, as it were, between ‘life’ and ‘light,’ two other ruling Johannine Ideas with which it is closely associated
Desire - "...
The Idea of "be attached to" and "love" comes from hasaq [ Genesis 2:9 ) and the tree forbidden to Adam, which became sinful when "desired" to make one wise (Genesis 3:6 )
Vision(s) - Arnold...
See also Revelation, Idea of ...
Bibliography
Nahum (2) - Several phases of an Idea are presented in the briefest sentences; as in the sublime description of God in the beginning, the overthrow of Nineveh, and that of No Amon
Deliver, Deliverance, Deliverer - " though the Idea of "rescue from" is predominant in rhuomai (see Matthew 27:43 ), that of "preservation from," in sozo
Eat, Eat With, Eating - " The Idea that this verb combines both "eating" and "drinking," while No
Nazarite - "Separation unto Jehovah (Numbers 6:2) is the radical Idea
Supremacy - The Idea of a limited or temporary supremacy is self-contradictory
Sabbath - Although that law was given to a particular people (Israel) for a particular period (from Moses to Christ), the Idea of a weekly day of rest existed before the time of Moses and continued after the time of Christ
Reconcilation - ...
Old Testament The Idea of reconciliation between two people and between Israel and God was dominant in the Old Testament though there was no specific term to express it
Providence - ...
deism: the Idea that God created the world but then withdrew from its day-to-day governance, leaving it to run by itself as a machine
Heart - Closely connected with the Idea of conscience is that of moral character, and so we find ‘a new heart’ as the great desideratum of a people needing restoration to full and intimate relationship with God ( Ezekiel 18:31 ; cf. ), we shall be enabled to grasp the religious Ideas enshrined in the teaching of the NT
sa'Tan - The Ideal of goodness is made up of the three great moral attributes of God --love, truth, and purity or holiness; combined with that spirit which is the natural temper of the finite and dependent we find creature, the spirit of faith. " The derivation of the word in itself implies only the endeavor to break the bonds between others and "set them at variance;" but common usage adds to this general sense the special Idea of "setting at variance by slander
Worship - ...
This is the underlying Idea in the human being’s worship of God
Perseverance - Now if there be a possibility of their finally falling, then this choice, this union, his death and intercession, may all be in vain, and rendered abortive; an Idea as derogatory to the divine glory, and as dishonourable to Jesus Christ, as possibly can be
Idolatry - Such men as Gaius and Domitian were ready enough to encourage the Idea (Suetonius, Domit
Tradition - Thus the Idea grew up that the traditional Law also was given to Moses on Sinai, and was delivered by him to Joshua, and by him to the elders, and by them to the prophets, and by them to the men of the Great Synagogue, and thence to the present generation (Pirḳe Aboth, i
Circumcision - The Israelites by the rite, which was associated with the Idea of purity, were marked as a whole "kingdom of priests" (Exodus 19:6; Deuteronomy 7:6-7)
Confession - Moreover, the Idea of confession has been elaborated, its immediate relation to faith and vital importance for salvation being clearly brought out
Redeem, Redemption - Finding its context in the social, legal, and religious customs of the ancient world, the metaphor of redemption includes the Ideas of loosing from a bond, setting free from captivity or slavery, buying back something lost or sold, exchanging something in one's possession for something possessed by another, and ransoming. David Rightmire...
See also Death of Christ ; Revelation, Idea of ; Salvation ...
Bibliography
Inheritance - This Idea was broadened in the rabbinic literature where having an inheritance or share in the world to come was a primary aspiration of the Jews
Neighbor - This lawyer-scribe unknowingly expresses a fundamental issue in all of ethics: For whom are we responsible in issues of justice and mercy? Jesus' answer was the parable of the Good Samaritan and the fundamental Ideas of the parable find their roots in both Old Testament and Jewish soil. Once again, while this Idea is not new to Judaism, the emphasis of seeing neighbors as Gentiles as well clearly expanded the Jewish horizons
New Jerusalem - The Idea of an Idealized and/or eschatological Jerusalem is referred to in other ways than the phrase "new Jerusalem. Paul's allegory of the "above Jerusalem" in Galatians 4:25-26 , provides an Idealized imagery for Jerusalem. These occurrences highlight the Jewish hope for a new world where their Ideals would be fulfilled
Temptation, Test - The language of the "evil inclination" is not prominent in the New Testament in connection with temptation, although the Idea is not absent (1 Corinthians 5:5 ; 1 Timothy 1:20 ; James 1:14-15 )
Greatness - In the few words in which He alludes to His own human greatness, He makes it to consist in capacity for service and for sacrifice (Mark 10:45 ||), and it is si