What does Host Of Heaven mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Host of Heaven
The army at God's command, composed of either heavenly bodies such as sun, moon, and stars or angels. “Heaven” is used in two broad categories: first, it refers to the physical realities of everything that is above the earth. In Genesis 1:1 , God created two realms: heaven and earth. Second, “heaven” can be used to refer to the dwelling place of God (Deuteronomy 26:15 ; 1 Kings 8:30 ). See Heaven .
“Host” is basically a military term connected with fighting or waging a war. The most frequent use of the word is to designate a group of men organized for war. In this sense, the Hebrew word often refers to a human army (Genesis 21:22 ,Genesis 21:22,21:32 ; Judges 4:2 ,Judges 4:2,4:7 ; Judges 9:29 ; 1 Samuel 12:9 ; 2 Samuel 3:23 ; Isaiah 34:2 ; Jeremiah 51:3 ). The term can refer to an act of war, as in Numbers 1:3 ,Numbers 1:3,1:20 ; Deuteronomy 24:5 , and Joshua 22:12 . An extended meaning of “hosts” is that it designates a length of time of hard service (Job 7:1 ; Isaiah 40:2 , Daniel 10:1 ). The term is used in the Book of Numbers to refer to the service of the Levites in the sanctuary.
The phrase “Host of Heaven” came into use because of the close connection between the realms of earth and heaven in ancient thought. The celestial bodies were thought to be organized in the same way as earthly military bodies. The sun, moon, and stars were regarded as the “host of heaven” (Genesis 2:1 ). The author of Psalm 33:6 stated that God created this host by His breath. God preserved the existence of the host of heaven ( Isaiah 40:26 ).
Old Testament writers warned Israel about the danger of worshiping the heavenly bodies (Deuteronomy 4:19 ) and prescribed the death penalty for the crime of worshiping the sun, or the moon, or any of the “host of heaven” (Deuteronomy 17:2-7 ). Unfortunately, Israel and Judah yielded to the temptation to worship the heavenly bodies from time to time, especially during the period of Assyrian and Babylonian influence (2 Kings 17:16-23 ; 2Kings 21:3,2 Kings 21:5 ).
Manasseh, king of Judah (697 to 642 B.C.), built altars in Jerusalem for all the “host of heaven” (2 Kings 21:5 ). He attempted to merge the worship of other gods with the worship of Yahweh. Manasseh's efforts were reversed when Josiah came to the throne (2 Kings 23:7 ).
Another concept of the “host of heaven” is presented in passages similar to 1 Kings 22:19 , in which the prophet Micaiah stated that he saw the Lord sitting on his throne “ and all the host of heaven standing by him .” The people of Israel drew comparisons between their God and the gods of Canaan and Babylonia. Yahweh came to be understood as a king who presided over a heavenly council, composed of angelic servants, sometimes called “sons of God.” This concept is reflected in the first two chapters of Job. See Angels; Council, Heavenly ; Sons of God .
James Newell
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Host of Heaven
The sun, moon, and stars are so designated (Genesis 2:1 ). When the Jews fell into idolatry they worshipped these (Deuteronomy 4:19 ; 2 Kings 17:16 ; 21:3,5 ; 23:5 ; Jeremiah 19:13 ; Zephaniah 1:5 ; Acts 7:42 ).

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Host of Heaven - ...
The phrase “Host of Heaven” came into use because of the close connection between the realms of earth and heaven in ancient thought. The sun, moon, and stars were regarded as the “host of heaven” (Genesis 2:1 ). God preserved the existence of the Host of Heaven ( Isaiah 40:26 ). ...
Old Testament writers warned Israel about the danger of worshiping the heavenly bodies (Deuteronomy 4:19 ) and prescribed the death penalty for the crime of worshiping the sun, or the moon, or any of the “host of heaven” (Deuteronomy 17:2-7 ). ), built altars in Jerusalem for all the “host of heaven” (2 Kings 21:5 ). ...
Another concept of the “host of heaven” is presented in passages similar to 1 Kings 22:19 , in which the prophet Micaiah stated that he saw the Lord sitting on his throne “ and all the Host of Heaven standing by him
Planets - These, with the sun, moon, and 'all the Host of Heaven,' had been worshipped by the Israelites
Sabaoth - By this phrase we may understand the Host of Heaven, or the angels and ministers of the Lord; or the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; or, lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenant, which is truly a great army, of which God is the Lord and commander
Sabaoth - JEHOVAH SABAOTH is the Lord of Hosts; and we are to understand the word hosts in the most comprehensive sense, as including the Host of Heaven, the angels and minister of the Lord; the stars and planets, which, as an army ranged in battle array, perform the will of God; the armies of earth, whose conflicts his providence overrules to the accomplishment of his own wise designs; the hordes of inferior creatures, as the locusts that plagued Egypt, the quails that fed Israel, and "the canker-worm and the palmer-worm, his great army," Joel 2:15 ; and lastly, the people of the Lord, both of the old and new covenants, a truly great army, of which God is the general and commander, 2 Samuel 6:2 Psalm 24:10 Romans 9:29 James 5:4
Ashtaroth - The goddess was called the "queen of heaven," and the worship was said to be paid to the "host of heaven
Host - ” The phrase “hosts of heaven” signifies the stars as visual indications of the gods of the heathen: “And them that worship the Host of Heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship and that swear by the Lord, and that swear by Malcham …” ( Host of Heaven [3] standing by him on his right hand and on his left” (1 Kings 22:19). ...
Another meaning of the phrase “the host(s) of heaven” is simply “the numberless stars”: “As the Host of Heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me” ( Astronomy - The stars were called "the Host of Heaven" (Isaiah 40:26 ; Jeremiah 33:22 )
Sabaoth - Some take the ‘Hosts’ in question as the armies of Israel which Jahweh leads on to victory (Judges 4:14), while others find an allusion to the stars, the Host of Heaven, or to the armies of angels (but it is contended that in the plural צְבָאוֹת is used only of earthly warriors)
Queen of Heaven - The Massoretes evidently took the first word as m e le’kheth (‘work,’ ‘creation’) supposing that the silent aleph (’) had been omitted and considered the expression a synonym for ‘Host of Heaven’ ( ts e bhâ’ hash-shâmayîm , Jeremiah 8:2 ; Jeremiah 19:13 , Zephaniah 1:5 , Deuteronomy 4:19 ; Deuteronomy 17:3 etc
Ashtaroth - She was also called the queen of heaven; and sometimes her worship is said to be that of "the Host of Heaven
Moon - Of Israel, in the time of Hoshea and of Manasseh it is said they worshipped 'all the Host of Heaven
Council, Heavenly - Micaiah saw the Lord sitting on His throne with “all the Host of Heaven” standing by to serve Him (1 Kings 22:19 )
Calf, Golden - Idolatry did not stop here with Israel, for they went on to worship 'all the Host of Heaven, and served Baal
Serve - ...
3: λατρεύω (Strong's #3000 — Verb — latreuo — lat-ryoo'-o ) primarily "to work for hire" (akin to latris, "a hired servant"), signifies (1) to worship, (2) to "serve;" in the latter sense it is used of service (a) to God, Matthew 4:10 ; Luke 1:74 ("without fear"); 4:8; Acts 7:7 ; 24:14 , RV, "serve" (AV, "worship"); Acts 26:7 ; 27:23 ; Romans 1:9 ("with my spirit"); 2 Timothy 1:3 ; Hebrews 9:14 ; 12:28 , AV, "we may serve," RV, "we may offer service;" Revelation 7:15 ; (b) to God and Christ ("the Lamb"), Revelation 22:3 ; (c) in the tabernacle, Hebrews 8:5 , RV; 13:10; (d) to "the Host of Heaven," Acts 7:42 , RV, "to serve" (AV, "to worship"); (e) to "the creature," instead of the Creator, Romans 1:25 , of idolatry: see WORSHIP
Zephaniah - ; and in Zephaniah 1:4-6 threatens "cutting off" to "the remnant of Baal" and "the name of the (See CHEMARIMS with the priests "; see Hosea 10:5 margin, "and them that worship the Host of Heaven upon the housetops, and them that worship and that swear by the Lord, and that swear by Malcham
Zephaniah, Prophecy of - " God could see the followers of Baal still there, and the Chemarim (idolatrous priests, mentioned in 2 Kings 23:5 and Hosea 10:5 , margin ), and those who worshipped the Host of Heaven; and those that sware by Jehovah and by Malcham, or 'their king,' that is, Baal: cf
Calf Worship - The second more glaring stage surely followed: "God turned, and gave them up to worship the Host of Heaven" (Acts 7:42-43)
Throne - ” Micaiah said in the presence of Ahab and Jehoshaphat: “Hear thou therefore the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, and all the Host of Heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left” (1 Kings 22:19)
Zabii - The denomination of Zabii given to these idolaters, appears to have been derived from the Hebrew צבא , a host; with reference to the צבא השמים , or, Host of Heaven, which, they worshipped; though others have derived it from the Arabic tsaba, "to apostatize," "to turn from one religion to another;" or from צביים , or the Arabic Tsabin, "Chaldeans," or "inhabitants of the east. " Their first and principal adoration was directed to the Host of Heaven, or the stars
Manasseh - He raised altars to the whole Host of Heaven, in the courts of God's house; made his son pass through the fire in honour of Moloch; was addicted to magic, divinations, auguries, and other superstitions; set up the idol Astarte in the house of God; finally, he involved his people in all the abomination of the idolatrous nations to that degree, that Israel committed more wickedness than the Canaanites, whom the Lord had driven out before them
Baal - Manasseh placed in the two courts of the temple at Jerusalem altars to all the Host of Heaven, and in particular to Astarte, 2 Kings 21:5,7
Manasseh - He worshipped the Host of Heaven and built altars for them in the courts of the house of the Lord
Manasseh - The record ( 2 Kings 21:2-9 ) is that he built again the altars which Hezekiah had destroyed, and erected altars for Baal, and made an ashçrah , as Ahab king of Israel had done, and that he worshipped the Host of Heaven and served them. In all this Manasseh’s measures may be called conservative, while his worship of the ‘host of heaven’ was no doubt a State necessity owing to the Assyrian rule
Lord of Hosts - The term ‘ Host of Heaven ’ is commonly used of the heavenly bodies to which the later kings paid idolatrous worship (cf
Stars - Caution is given against the worship of the stars, in the legislation of Deuteronomy ( Deuteronomy 4:19 ), and the punishment of death assigned for the convicted worshipper (see Host of Heaven)
Evil - Moral temptations come from Him ( 2 Samuel 24:1 , 1 Kings 22:23 ), though there is a tendency to embody them in beings which, though belonging to the Host of Heaven, are spoken of as evil or lying spirits ( 1 Samuel 16:14 , Ephesians 1:3-144 , 1 Kings 22:22 )
Heaven - From heaven, which is God's court, angels are sent down to this earth, as the multitude of the heavenly host (distinct from the Host of Heaven," Acts 7:42), and to which they return (Luke 2:13-15; Luke 22:43)
Altar - ); the sacrificial and incense altars to the Host of Heaven in the courts and probably even on the roof of the Temple ( 2 Kings 23:12 , Jeremiah 19:13 ); and finally, the altar to Olympian Zeus placed by Antiochus Epiphanes on the top of the altar of burnt-offering ( 1Ma 1:54 )
False Worship - The prophet Zephaniah, who lived and prophesied in this time, condemned those who “worship the Host of Heaven upon the house tops” (Zephaniah 1:5 )
Oracle - ) that he saw the Almighty, sitting upon his throne, and all the Host of Heaven round about him; and the Lord said, Who shall tempt Ahab, king of Israel, that he may go to war with Ramoth Gilead, and fall in the battle? One answered after one manner, and another in another
Idolatry, - (2 Kings 16:4 ; Isaiah 1:29 ; Hosea 4:13 ) The Host of Heaven was worshipped on the house-top
David - Jeremiah summed up the surety of the hope in David: “If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season; Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne As the Host of Heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant” (Jeremiah 33:20-22 )
Idolatry - In the heathen reaction under Manasseh the worship of the ‘host of heaven’ is prominent ( 2 Kings 17:16 )
Judgment - The following are the prophecies to which they appeal:— Isaiah 34:4 , where the destruction of Idumea is foretold under the figures of dissolving the Host of Heaven, and of rolling the heaven together as a scroll, and of the falling down of all their host as the leaf falleth off from the vine
Deuteronomy - The worship of the Host of Heaven one of the few forms of idolatry specified in Deut
Angel - There are also the three expressions: ‘the host of Jahweh’ ( zeba’ Jahweh ), Joshua 5:14 ; ‘the host of the height’ ( zeba’ marom ), Isaiah 24:21 ; ‘the Host of Heaven’ ( zeba’ shamaim ), Deuteronomy 17:3 (see also Cherubim, Seraphim)
Heaven, Heavens, Heavenlies - "The Host of Heaven" can refer to the stars (Nehemiah 9:6 ; Isaiah 24:21 ; 34:4 ; Matthew 24:29 ), but more frequently in Scripture it denotes angels (1 Kings 22:19 ; Luke 2:13 )
Antichrist - Ezekiel’s prophecy of the overthrow of Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38); Zechariah’s vision of the destruction of the destroyers of Jerusalem (Zechariah 14); above all, the representation in Daniel, with reference to Antiochus Epiphanes, of a world-power that waxed great even to the Host of Heaven (Daniel 8:10), and trod the sanctuary under foot (Daniel 8:13), and stood up against the Prince of princes until it was finally ‘broken without hand’ (Daniel 8:25)-all contributed to the idea of a great coming conflict with the powers of a godless world before the Divine Kingdom could be set up
Magi - ...
The old religion of the Persians was corrupted by Sabianism, or the worship of the Host of Heaven, with its accompanying superstition
Angels (2) - We have then, doubtless, a very primitive conception of angels in the words of Micaiah to Ahab, in 1 Kings 22:19 ‘I saw Jahweh sitting on his throne, and all the Host of Heaven standing by him, on his right hand and on his left
Jesus Christ - The whole Host of Heaven worship him that sitteth upon the throne, and the Lamb, for ever and ever, Revelation 5:14 ; Revelation 15:1-8 :...
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Abram - The first rudiments of astronomy, as a science, is traced to this region; and here, too, one of the earliest forms of idolatry, the worship of the Host of Heaven, usually called Tsabaism, first began to prevail
New Jerusalem - And all the Host of Heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fade away, as the leaf fadeth from off the vine, and as a fading leaf from the fig tree’; and finally in Psalms 102:25 f