What does High Priest mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
ἀρχιερεὺς chief priest 24
ἀρχιερέως chief priest 15
ἀρχιερέα chief priest 9
ἀρχιερεύς chief priest 4
ἀρχιερεῖ chief priest 3

Definitions Related to High Priest

G749


   1 chief priest, High Priest.
   Additional Information: He above all others was honoured with the title of priest, the chief of priests.
   It was lawful for him to perform the common duties of the priesthood; but his chief duty was, once a year on the day of atonement, to enter into the Holy of Holies (from which the other priests were excluded) and offer sacrifices for his own sins and the sins of the people, and to preside over the Sanhedrin, or Supreme Council, when convened for judicial deliberations.
   According to Mosaic law, no one could aspire to the high priesthood unless he were of the tribe of Aaron and descended from a high priestly family; and he on whom the office was conferred held it till death.
   But from the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, when the kings of Seleucideae and afterwards the Herodian princes and the Romans arrogated to themselves the power of appointing the high priests, the office neither remained vested in the pontifical family nor was conferred on any for life; but it became venal, and could be transferred from one to another according to the will of civic or military rulers.
   Hence it came to pass, that during the one hundred and seven years intervening between Herod the Great and the destruction of the holy city, twenty eight persons held the pontifical dignity.
      2) the high priests, these comprise in addition to one holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although disposed, continued to have great power in the State, as well as the members of the families from which High Priest were created, provided that they had much influence in public affairs.
      3) Used of Christ because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered into the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf.
      

Frequency of High Priest (original languages)

Frequency of High Priest (English)

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - High Priest
Priest in charge of the Temple (or tabernacle) worship. A number of terms are used to refer to the high priest: the priest ( Exodus 31:10 ); the anointed priest (Leviticus 4:3 ); the priest who is chief among his brethren (Leviticus 21:10 ); chief priest (2 Chronicles 26:20 ); and high priest (2 Kings 12:10 ).
Responsibilities and Privileges The high priesthood was a hereditary office based on descent from Aaron (Exodus 29:29-30 ; Leviticus 16:32 ). Normally, the high priest served for life (Numbers 18:7 ; Numbers 25:11-13 ; Numbers 35:25 ,Numbers 35:25,35:28 ; Nehemiah 12:10-11 ), though as early as Solomon's reign a high priest was dismissed for political reasons (1 Kings 2:27 ).
A special degree of holiness was required of the high priest (Leviticus 10:6 ,Leviticus 10:6,10:9 ; Leviticus 21:10-15 ). This meant he had to avoid defilement by contact with the dead, even in the case of his own parents and was forbidden to show any outward sign of mourning. He could not leave the sanctuary precincts. Such legislation identified the high priest as one totally dedicated to the Lord, always ritually pure and ready to serve the Lord.
If the high priest sinned, he brought guilt upon the whole people (Leviticus 4:3 ). The sin offering for the high priest (Leviticus 4:3-12 ) was identical to that required “if the whole congregation of Israel commits a sin” (Leviticus 4:13-21 ).
The consecration of the high priest was an elaborate seven-day ritual involving special baths, putting on special garments, and anointing with oil and with blood (Exodus 29:1-37 ; Leviticus 6:19-22 ; Leviticus 8:5-35 ). The special garments of the high priest included (1) a blue robe with an ornate hem decorated with gold bells and embroidered pomegranates, (2) an ephod of fine linen with colorful embroidered work and shoulder straps bearing stones engraved with the names of the twelve tribes, (3) a breastplate with twelve precious stones engraved with the names of the twelve tribes, and (4) a linen turban with a gold plate inscribed “Holy to Yahweh” (Exodus 28:4-39 ; Exodus 39:1-31 ; Leviticus 8:7-9 ). The engraved plate and the stones engraved with the tribal names highlight the role of the high priest as the holy representative of all Israel before the Lord (Exodus 28:12 ,Exodus 28:12,28:29 ). In his “breastplate of judgment,” the high priest kept the sacred lots, the Urim and Thummim, which were used to inquire of the Lord (Exodus 28:29-30 ; Numbers 27:21 ). See Breastplate ; Ephod ; Lots ; Urim and Thummim .
The high priest shared in general priestly duties. Only the high priest, however, was allowed to enter the holy of holies and then only on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:1-25 ; for the details of the ritual, see Day of Atonement ).
The death of the high priest marked the end of an epoch. One guilty of involuntary manslaughter was required to remain in a city of refuge until the death of the high priest (Numbers 35:25 , Numbers 35:28 ,Numbers 35:28,35:32 ; Joshua 20:6 ). The expiatory death of the high priest removed blood guilt that would pollute the land (compare Numbers 35:33 ).
History of the Office Some argue that the developed priesthood characterized by three divisions (high priest, priests, and Levites) was a late, possibly postexilic, development in the history of Israel's worship. Others take the Biblical texts at face value and accept Mosaic institution of the fully developed priesthood.
The term high priest occurs in only one brief passage in the Pentateuch (Numbers 35:25 ,Numbers 35:25,35:28 ,Numbers 35:28,35:32 ), once in Joshua (Joshua 20:6 where the legislation of Numbers 35:1 is enacted), and never in the Book of Judges. Aaron, Eliezar, and Phineas are typically called the priest. Neither Eli, Ahimelech, Abiathar, nor Zadok are called high or chief priest, though all four headed priestly families and are mentioned in connection with items usually associated with the high priest (the ark, the ephod, the Urim and Thummim: 1 Samuel 3:3 ; 1 Samuel 4:4-11 ; 1 Samuel 21:6 , 1 Samuel 21:9 ; 2 Samuel 15:24-29 ).
Eleazar was charged with supervision of the Levites (Numbers 3:32 ; compare 1 Chronicles 9:20 ) and of the sanctuary apparatus (Numbers 4:16 ). He figures in the narrative of Numbers 16:1 where the offering of incense is affirmed as the exclusive prerogative of the priests and in the red heifer ceremony ( Numbers 19:1 ). The account of Eleazar's donning Aaron's priestly robe (Numbers 20:25-28 ; compare Deuteronomy 10:6 ) provides Scripture's best report of high priestly succession. As chief priest Eleazar assisted Moses with the census (Numbers 26:1 ). Eleazar served as an advisor to Moses (Numbers 27:1 ) and to Joshua, consulting the Lord by means of the sacred lots. Such counsel formed the basis for the apportionment of the Promised Land among the tribes (Numbers 34:17 ; Joshua 14:1 ; Joshua 17:4 ; Joshua 19:51 ; Joshua 21:1 ). One indication of the significance of Eleazar is that the Book of Joshua concludes with the death of this chief priest (Joshua 24:33 ).
Phinehas, son of Eleazar, is best known for his zealous opposition to intermarriage with the Moabites and the concomitant idolatry (Numbers 25:6-13 ). For his zeal Phinehas was granted a covenant of perpetual priesthood (Numbers 25:13 ) and was reckoned as righteous (Psalm 106:30 ). Phinehas accompanied the sanctuary vessels in holy war (Numbers 31:6 ). Part of his ministry before the ark involved consulting the Lord for battle counsel (Judges 20:27-28 ). Phinehas served as the major figure in the resolution of the conflict over the “commemorative” altar the tribes east of the Jordan built (Joshua 22:13 ,Joshua 22:13,22:31-32 ).
Aaron, Eleazar, and Phinehas appear in Biblical history as distinct personalities. Until Eli's appearance at end of the period of the judges, a puzzling silence surrounds the high priesthood. 1 Chronicles 6:1-15 offers a (partial?) list of seven high priests between Phinehas and Zadok, a contemporary of David and Solomon. Of these nothing is known except their names. Nor is Eli included among this list, though he functioned as the chief priest of the Shiloh sanctuary.
Eli is best known for his rearing of Samuel (1 Samuel 1:25-28 ; 1 Samuel 3:1 ) and for his inability to control his own sons (1Samuel 2:12-17,1 Samuel 2:22-25 ; 1 Samuel 3:13 ), which, in time, resulted in the forfeiture of the high priesthood by his line (1 Samuel 2:27-35 ). Following the death of Eli, the Shiloh priesthood apparently relocated to Nob. Saul suspected the priesthood of conspiracy with David and exterminated the priestly family of Ahimelech (1 Samuel 22:9-19 ). Only Abiathar escaped (1 Samuel 22:20 ). When David moved the ark to Jerusalem, Abiathar and Zadok apparently officiated jointly as chief priests (2Samuel 8:17;2Samuel 15:24-29,2 2 Maccabees 4:23-265 ; 2 Samuel 19:11 ), though Zadok already appears as the dominant figure in 2Samuel. Solomon suspected Abiathar of conspiracy with his brother Adonijah and exiled him to his ancestral home (1 Kings 2:26-27 ). The high priesthood remained in the family of Zadok from the beginning of Solomon's reign (about 964 B.C.) until Menelaus bought the high priesthood (171 B.C.) in the days of Antiochus Epiphanes.
Azariah, the son of Zadok, was the first individual to be explicitly identified as the “high priest” (1 Kings 4:2 ). At times during the monarchy, individual high priests exercised major roles in the life of Judah. Jehoshabeath, wife of the high priest Jehoida (2 Chronicles 22:11 ), saved the infant Joash from the murderous Athaliah. Six years later, Jehoida was the mastermind of the coup de'etat in which Joash was crowned king (2 Kings 11:4-17 ). A second Azariah was known for opposing King Uzziah's attempt to usurp the priests' right to offer incense (2 Chronicles 26:17-18 ). The high priest Hilkiah discovered the “Book of the Law,” perhaps the Book of Deuteronomy, which provided the incentive for King Josiah's reforms (2 Kings 22:8 ). Hilkiah removed all traces of Baal worship from the Jerusalem Temple (2 Kings 23:4 ).
In the early postexilic period, the high priest Joshua is presented as the equal of the Davidic governor Zerubabbel (Haggai 1:1 ,Haggai 1:1,1:12 ,Haggai 1:12,1:14 ; Haggai 2:2 ,Haggai 2:2,2:4 ). Both high priest and governor shared in the rebuilding of the Temple (Ezra 3:1 ; Ezra 6:9-15 ; Haggai 1-2 ). Both are recognized as anointed leaders (Zechariah 4:14 ; Zechariah 6:9-15 ). A further indication of the heightened importance of the high priesthood in the postexilic period is the interest in succession lists of high priests (1Chronicles 6:1-15,1 Chronicles 6:50-53 ; 1 Chronicles 9:11 ; Ezra 7:1-5 ; Nehemiah 12:10-11 ), a new development in biblical literature.
In the period before the Maccabean revolt the high priesthood became increasingly political. Jason, a Hellenistic sympathizer, ousted his more conservative brother Onias III (2Maccabees 4:7-10,2 Maccabees 4:18-20 ). Jason was, in turn, ousted by the more radically Hellenistic Menelaus who offered the Seleucid rulers an even larger bribe to secure the office (1618089958_72 ). With Menelaus the high priesthood passed out of the legitimate Zadokite line.
The Maccabees combined the office of high priest with that of military commander or political leader. Alexander Balas, a contender for the Seleucid throne, appointed Jonathan Maccabee “high priest” and “king's friend” (1 Maccabees 10:20 ). Simon Maccabee was, likewise, confirmed in his high priesthood and made a “friend” of the Seleucid King Demetrius II (1 Maccabees 14:38 ). Temple and state were combined in the person of Simon who was both high priest and ethnarch (1 Maccabees 15:1-2 ).
The Romans continued the practice of rewarding the high priesthood to political favorites. During the Roman period, Annas (high priest A.D. 6 to 15) was clearly the most powerful priestly figure. Even when deposed by the Romans, Annas succeeded in having five of his sons and a son-in-law, Joseph Caiaphas (high priest A.D. 18 to 36/37) appointed high priests. Some confusion has resulted from New Testament references to the joint high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas (Luke 3:2 ). The passage is perhaps best understood as an acknowledgment of Annas as the power behind his immediate successors. Another possibility is that Annas retained the title of respect on the grounds that the high priesthood was for life. Ananias, one of Annas' sons, was the high priest to whom Paul was brought in Acts 23:2 ; Acts 24:1 .
High Priest and Chief Priests The ordination rite for the high priest included the consecration of his sons as well (Exodus 29:8-9 ,Exodus 29:8-9,29:20-21 ). A number of terms refer to leading priests other than the high priest: anointed priests (2 Maccabees 1:10 ); chief priests (Ezra 8:29 ; Ezra 10:5 ; Nehemiah 12:7 ); senior priests (2 Kings 19:2 ; Isaiah 37:2 ; Jeremiah 19:1 ). More specific titles are also found. Zephaniah was described as the “second priest” (2 Kings 25:18 ; Jeremiah 52:24 ). Pashur was the “chief officer in the house of the Lord” (Jeremiah 20:1 ).
Table of High
Holman Bible Dictionary - Breastpiece of the High Priest
See Breastplate 1.
Chabad Knowledge Base - Eli, the High Priest
(a) Last of the Judges, judged the Israelites for forty years (931-891 BCE). High Priest in the Tabernacle in Shiloh. Samuel�s teacher. (b) Common Jewish name.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - High Priest
Aaron was the first who was solemnly set apart to this office (Exodus 29:7 ; 30:23 ; Leviticus 8:12 ). He wore a peculiar dress, which on his death passed to his successor in office (Exodus 29:29,30 ). Besides those garments which he wore in common with all priests, there were four that were peculiar to himself as high priest:
The "robe" of the ephod, all of blue, of "woven work," worn immediately under the ephod. It was without seam or sleeves. The hem or skirt was ornamented with pomegranates and golden bells, seventy-two of each in alternate order. The sounding of the bells intimated to the people in the outer court the time when the high priest entered into the holy place to burn incense before the Lord (Exodus 28 ).
The "ephod" consisted of two parts, one of which covered the back and the other the breast, which were united by the "curious girdle." It was made of fine twined linen, and ornamented with gold and purple. Each of the shoulder-straps was adorned with a precious stone, on which the names of the twelve tribes were engraved. This was the high priest's distinctive vestment (1 Samuel 2:28 ; 14:3 ; 21:9 ; 23:6,9 ; 30:7 ).
The "breastplate of judgment" (Exodus 28:6-12,25-28 ; 39:2-7 ) of "cunning work." It was a piece of cloth doubled, of one span square. It bore twelve precious stones, set in four rows of three in a row, which constituted the Urim and Thummim (q.v.). These stones had the names of the twelve tribes engraved on them. When the high priest, clothed with the ephod and the breastplate, inquired of the Lord, answers were given in some mysterious way by the Urim and Thummim (1 Samuel 14:3,18,19 ; 23:2,4,9,11,12 ; 28:6 ; 2 Samuel 5:23 ).
The "mitre," or upper turban, a twisted band of eight yards of fine linen coiled into a cap, with a gold plate in front, engraved with "Holiness to the Lord," fastened to it by a ribbon of blue. To the high priest alone it was permitted to enter the holy of holies, which he did only once a year, on the great Day of Atonement, for "the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest" (Hebrews 9 ; 10 ). Wearing his gorgeous priestly vestments, he entered the temple before all the people, and then, laying them aside and assuming only his linen garments in secret, he entered the holy of holies alone, and made expiation, sprinkling the blood of the sin offering on the mercy seat, and offering up incense. Then resuming his splendid robes, he reappeared before the people (Leviticus 16 ). Thus the wearing of these robes came to be identified with the Day of Atonement.
The office, dress, and ministration of the high priest were typical of the priesthood of our Lord (Hebrews 4:14 ; 7:25 ; 9:12 , etc.).
It is supposed that there were in all eighty-three high priests, beginning with Aaron (B.C. 1657) and ending with Phannias (A.D. 70). At its first institution the office of high priest was held for life (but Compare 1 Kings 2:27 ), and was hereditary in the family of Aaron (Numbers 3:10 ). The office continued in the line of Eleazar, Aaron's eldest son, for two hundred and ninety-six years, when it passed to Eli, the first of the line of Ithamar, who was the fourth son of Aaron. In this line it continued to Abiathar, whom Solomon deposed, and appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (1 Kings 2:35 ), in which it remained till the time of the Captivity. After the Return, Joshua, the son of Josedek, of the family of Eleazar, was appointed to this office. After him the succession was changed from time to time under priestly or political influences.
Chabad Knowledge Base - High Priest
the “high priest,” or chief of the Kohanim; only he may enter the Holy of Holies
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - High Priest
In Hebrew "THE priest," and in books after the Pentateuch "the great priest," "the head priest," or "chief priest" (2 Kings 25:18). In Leviticus 4:3 and elsewhere "the priest that is anointed," for he alone of the priests was anointed on the head in consecration, "the crown of the anointing oil of his God" Leviticus 21:12), i.e. the holy oil was poured on his head like a crown (Exodus 29:7), a uniquely-compounded ointment (Exodus 30:22-33) which it was death to imitate or to put upon a stranger. Certain priests, "apothecaries ", manufactured it (Nehemiah 3:8); this oil was wanting in the second temple. The anointing of the ordinary priests was limited to sprinkling their garments with the anointing oil (Exodus 28:41 ff; Hebrews 5:4-52; Leviticus 8:30), which does not sanction the Jewish tradition that the oil was smeared on the forehead of the ordinary priests with the finger.
The high priest's special designation, "the priest that is anointed" (Leviticus 4:3), implies a marked distinction between his anointing and theirs, besides what was common to both, namely, the "sprinkling." Love is compared to it, streaming down from Aaron's head upon his beard, then to his skirts (Psalms 132:2). Christ, the antitypical High Priest, was anointed with the fullness of the Spirit (Daniel 9:24; Acts 10:38; Jeremiah 21:1-251); from Him the Spirit in measure streams on His members who touch by faith the hem of His garment (Matthew 9:20; John 1:16). Besides the girdle common to all the priests the high priest wore also the curious girdle of the ephod. Of eight articles of priestly dress the coat or tunic, girdle, breeches, and bonnet or turban belonged also to the common priests; the breast-plate, ephod with the curious girdle, mitre (instead of the ordinary priest's turban) and robe of the ephod were peculiar to the high priest.
The breast-plate (choshen , "ornament," literally) was two spans' long by one broad, but doubled it became a square, fastened by rings and chains of gold to the two onyx stones on the shoulders, and beneath with two other rings and a lace of blue to two rings in the ephod above the curious girdle. On it were the 12 stones in four rows, with the 12 tribes engraven in the order of the encampment; just as the names of the 12 tribes were on the 12 pearl gates, and in the 12 foundations (of precious stones) of the New Jerusalem wall the names of the 12 apostles of the Lamb. He represented the whole chosen nation as "a kingdom of priests" (Exodus 19:6). In other nations the priesthood was dissevered from every other class, but in Israel Levi held the priesthood rightfully belonging to all, and only delegated to one tribe and family as representing the whole; as Numbers 8:10 proves.
This trust was delegated to Levi only until all the children of God could exercise it suitably. Christianity restores the suspended relation of God's people as all king-priests unto God (1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6). In the Jewish church there was a delegation of the priesthood to one tribe and family; not so in the Christian church, which unites under the antitypical Melchizedek the kingdom and priesthood which were distinct in Israel. United to Messiah, the spiritual Israel the church shall form one grand heavenly king-priesthood as literal Israel shall be the earthly king-priesthood among the nations (Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 66:21). Christian ministers as distinct from laymen are never called in New Testament hiereis , "sacerdotal priests," as the Jewish priests were. The high priest alone entered the holy of holies once a year; but we have "boldness to enter" it through the rent veil of Christ's flesh continually (Hebrews 10:19-20).
He alone consulted God by the mysterious Urim and Thummim; we have truly our fellowship with the Father of lights (1 John 1:3; 1 John 2:20; James 1:17-18), having our "unction from the Holy One" and knowing all things. The high priest's death prefigured Christ's who sets the bloodstained captive free (Numbers 35:25). The first separation of Aaron to the priesthood, which previously belonged to the firstborn, occurs in Exodus 28, after the directions for the tabernacle and its furniture. Previously Moses bidding him lay up the pot of manna before the Lord implied that the ark would, when made, be under his charge. His being taken up with Nadab and Abihu to see the glory of the God of Israel foreshadowed his hereditary priesthood; also Exodus 27:21; Exodus 27:29:9; Exodus 27:29:24. Josephus, Septuagint, and Scripture favor the view that the 12 breast-plate stones were the Urim and Thummim.
Answers were given by Jehovah to the high priest (John 11:51) while wearing them and the ephod (1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 14:18-19; 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 5:23; Judges 20:28). "Judgment" was the breast-plate's chief significance (Exodus 28:30), "Aaron shall bear the judgment of ... Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually," namely, the judicial sentence of justification, often represented by a particular kind of robe (Isaiah 61:10; Isaiah 62:8). So the white linen robe expresses the righteousness or justification of the saints (Revelation 3:4-5; Revelation 19:14). Joshua the high priest represented the nation on its trial before God, at first in filthy garments to represent its guilt, Satan accusing; then by Messiah's intercession justified; therefore the filthy garments are removed and a change of raiment is given and a fair mitre put on his head (Zechariah 3).
Thus "the breast-plate of righteousness" or "judgment" symbolizes Israel's 12 tribes accepted on the ground of the high priest's sacrificial intercession before God (Numbers 23:21). Thummim expresses perfections, Urim lights. Israel's perfect justification in "the Lord her righteousness" and her consequent ultimate prosperity are thus symbolized (Isaiah 60:1; Isaiah 62:1-2). Levi the priest tribe is called "God's holy one," privileged to bear the Urim and Thummim because of proved faithfulness (Deuteronomy 33:8). Israel's justification in the person of her high priest is the ground of her receiving through him communications of God's will. Her children's being "taught of Jehovah" is so connected with "His laying her stones with fair colors" (Isaiah 54:11-17). S. Clark (Speaker's Commentary) thinks that some means of casting lots were kept in the bag formed by the doubled fold of the choshen or breast-plate, and that these were the Urim and Thummim: Exodus 28:15-30,"thou shalt put in the breast-plate of judgment the Urim and Thummim."
But this passage suits at least as well the view that the Urim and Thummim were the 12 precious stones put into the piece of cunning (skilled weaver's) work, and representing Israel "perfected" and "shining with light" because justified before God, as the view that they were some distinct means of lot casting, inside the fold of the choshen . (See URIM AND THUMMIM.) The ephod consisted of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and "fine twined linen," wrought in "work of the skilled weaver"; the high priest's distinctive vestment (1 Samuel 2:28; 1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 21:9; 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7) to which "the breast-plate of judgment" was attached (Exodus 28:6-12; Exodus 28:25-28; Exodus 39:2-7). It consisted of a back piece and a front piece joined by shoulder straps; Exodus 28:28 translated "two rings of gold shalt thou make, and put them on the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, low down in the front of it, near the joining, above the band for fastening it" (Speaker's Commentary).
Below the arms the two pieces were kept in place by a band attached to one of the pieces ("the curious girdle of the ephod"), "of the same work, of one piece with it" (Exodus 39:8). Two onyx stones, each inscribed with the names of six tribes, clasped together on the shoulders the back and front pieces. An ordinary linen ephod was worn by other priests (1 Samuel 22:18); by Samuel, only a Levite (2 Samuel 2:18); and by David (2 Samuel 6:14). The robe of the ephod (meiyl ). A simple, sky-blue frock, without seam or sleeves, drawn over the head, visible above and below the ephod, the elaborate texture of which it set off as a ground work; translated Exodus 28:32, "its opening for the head shall be in the middle of it," a round hole not connected with any slit before or behind. The skirt was ornamented with pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, a small golden bell being attached between each two of the pomegranates (Exodus 28:33-35).
The bells' sound heard from within the veil by those outside assured them that the high priest, though out of sight, was ministering in their behalf, and acceptably before God, for otherwise he would have been smitten with death, which the sounding bells showed he was not. The mitre or turban, a twisted band of linen coiled into a cap, with the gold plate in front fastened to a blue lace or band (which went round the mitre) and engraved with Holiness to the Lord. Rabbi Eliezer in Hadrian's reign saw it at Rome, probably with the other temple spoils deposited in the Temple of Peace. Four garments were common to all priests. "The coat of fine linen embroidered," rather "woven in diaper work," the threads of one color being diapered in checkers by the ordinary weaver (Exodus 28:39; Exodus 39:27): a long tunic worn next the skin, the sleeves of which appeared from under the ephod..
"The girdle (abnet) of needlework" ("of the work of the embroiderer," Speaker's Commentary) was of three colors, the texture loose, wound several times round the body, the ends hanging to the feet but thrown over the shoulder in active work. The breeches or drawers, of linen. The bonnet or turban, of linen, for the head, but not in cone shape as the high priest's mitre. The high priest's successors were inaugurated by wearing these eight articles of dress seven successive days. (See DRESS OF PRIEST.) They were kept in the Baris built by Hyrcanus for the purpose, and called Antonia by Herod, to be along with the high priesthood at the king's disposal. The high priest in his robes of glory and beauty in Josephus' time entered the temple before all the people on the great Day of Atonement, then in secret in obedience to the law (Leviticus 16:4; Leviticus 16:24) assumed his linen garments alone and made expiation; afterward resuming his splendid robes, he appeared before the people (Bell. Judaeorum 5:5, 7). (See DAY OF ATONEMENT.)
A sagan or deputy, next in dignity to the high priest, was often appointed; "the second priest" (2 Kings 23:4; 2 Kings 25:18). He was memunnek , "prefect of the temple," and officiated in the absence of the high priest. Annas was deposed by Valetins Gratus (A.U.C. 779), and Joseph or Caiaphas, his son-in-law, was made high priest (John 18:13). Annas retained in the Jews' feeling the lawful high priesthood, and had influence enough to get his five sons successively appointed; as sagan he evaded the Roman deposition and kept his power. Any blemish or illegitimate birth debarred from the high priesthood. So Christ (Hebrews 7:26). The epistle to the Hebrew explains the antitypical meaning of the high priesthood, realized in Christ. He was" appointed" and "called of God" (Hebrews 3:1-2; 1618089958_82), "after the order of Melchizedek," (Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 7:15; Hebrews 7:17; Psalms 110:4).
Superior to the Aaronic priests (Hebrews 7:11; Hebrews 7:16; Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:1-2; Hebrews 8:6) in that He was "consecrated with an oath" (Hebrews 7:20-21), has an intransmissible priesthood (margin of Hebrews 7:23; Hebrews 7:28), was "holy, harmless, and undefiled," and without "infirmity" (Hebrews 7:26-28), "faithful to Him that appointed Him" as the "Son," whereas Moses the lawgiver was but a "servant"; needed no sacrifice for Himself (Hebrews 7:27); Himself the sacrifice, purifying "the heavenly things" (Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 9:26), "better" than the sacrifices which "purified the patterns of things in the heavens" (Hebrews 7:23); not often, but offered once for all (Hebrews 7:27; Hebrews 9:25-26; Hebrews 9:28; Hebrews 10:1-2; Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 10:9-10; Hebrews 10:14; Hebrews 10:17-18); "making him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience," which the law sacrifices could not (Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1-2; Hebrews 10:16-22).
"A merciful and faithful high priest, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people" (Hebrews 2:17). "Obtained eternal redemption for us "(Hebrews 9:12). "Passed into the heavens" (Hebrews 4:14) "to appear in the presence of God for us," as our advocating high priest within the heavenly veil (Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 7:25). "Tempted Himself in all points like as we are, yet without sin," He is able to succour the tempted (Hebrews 2:18); "touched with the feeling of our infirmities," and so having the needful qualification of a priest, that He "can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way" (Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 5:2). "Blesses in turning men from their iniquities" (Acts 3:26; Numbers 6:23-26). At once the King and the Priest upon His throne (Zechariah 6:13). As the priests' geneaology had to be traced, so Christ's divine sonship and human descent from David. Their bodily soundness typifies His faultless perfection without blemish or spot (Hebrews 7:26).
The high priest's obligation to marry a wife in her virginity answers to the bride of the Lamb (2 Corinthians 11:2; Revelation 14:4). The high priest's ephod of gold, blue, and purple represents the lovely graces of His manhood. The firm and orderly setting of the precious stones in the breast-plate answers to the firm union of Christ's people, His jewels, to Himself; earth and hell cannot sever them (Malachi 3:17). The high priest's consecration at the tabernacle door with washing in water, arraying in priestly vestments, anointing with costly oil, and sanctifying with sacrifices, answer to Christ's baptism with water, anointing with the Holy Spirit, and clothing with His curiously wrought body (Hebrews 10:5; Psalms 139:15). Like the high priest, Christ sacrificed for, prays for, blesses, instructs, oversees the service of His people in the spiritual temple, blows the gospel trumpet, judges.
Having such a "high priest passed into the heavens," "over the house of God," we ought to "hold fast our profession," "without wavering," ever "drawing near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience" (Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 10:21-23). The epistle to the Hebrew is the New Testament Leviticus, unfolding the spiritual and everlasting meaning of the legal priestly types fulfilled in Christ. His true sphere of priesthood is in heaven, for "if He were on earth He would not even be a priest" (Hebrews 8:4; Hebrews 7:13-14), being of Judah, not Levi the priestly tribe, whose functions He never assumed on earth because His was an infinitely better priesthood. His sacrifice on the cross on earth was a priestly act "without the gate"; but the crowning work, the bringing of the blood into the holy of holies, He could not do on earth, but could and did bring it into the better holy of holies above. He appeared to John in His high priestly long white garment and golden girdle (Revelation 1:13).
The gold, purple, etc., of the ephod typify the unsearchable riches of Christ. His robes are "for glory and beauty" to His saints; what He is, they are by union with Him (Isaiah 28:5; Isaiah 62:3). The names of Israel's twelve tribes on the high priest's shoulders and breast, as a memorial before the Lord continually, imply that the weight of our salvation is upon His shoulders, and our names on His heart before God (Song of Solomon 8:6), not one name is wanting (Isaiah 49:16; John 10:3; Revelation 2:17; Revelation 3:12). His are the Urim and Thummim, "lights and perfections," while He bears the judgment of His Israel before the Lord continually (Psalms 72:1). The curious girdle typifies His alacrity in ministering as our High Priest, as one girding up the loins for action (Hebrews 10:7; Luke 9:51). Faithfulness and righteousness were His girdle (Isaiah 11:5).
The bells on the hem sweetly sounding from within the veil typify the gospel joyful sound (Psalms 89:15); the pomegranates represent the fruits which accompany the gospel preaching. The plate with "Holiness to the Lord" implies "He is made unto us sanctification" (1 Corinthians 1:30). Aaron was washed because sinful, Jesus was baptized "to fulfill all righteousness." Aaron was anointed with oil, Jesus with the Holy Spirit without measure (Acts 10:38; John 3:34). Aaron was consecrated with the blood of beasts, Christ with His own blood. The high priest could only marry a virgin or a priest's widow, typifying Christ's wedding to His Godhead our manhood in purity, and also wedding to Him the church and its members individually as "a chaste virgin" (Revelation 14:4; 2 Corinthians 11:2). His not going out of the sanctuary to mourn for the dead typifies that death and mourning shall be abolished by Christ, that where He is they cannot come (Revelation 21:4; Isaiah 35:10; Isaiah 25:8).
To draw nigh to God by any other high priest, or to say self-sufficiently" all the congregation are holy," incurs Korah's guilt and penalty (Numbers 16). Phinehas, son of Eleazar, is the last of Eleazar's line before Eli (Judges 20:28). Eli in 1 Samuel 1:3, the next, is of Ithamar's line. Josephus supplies the interval by stating that Joseph Abiezer, i.e. Abishua, was the last high priest of Phinehas' line before Zadok. How the transfer to Ithamar's line occurred we do not know; possibly by Abishua's son at his death being under age, and Eli so succeeding. Down to David the high priests officiated in Shiloh in Ephraim, Joshua's tribe; under David and thenceforth in Jerusalem of Judah, David's tribe: the secular power from the first influencing the ecclesiastical. During the captivity of the ark and its neglect in Saul's days Samuel the prophet stands prominent as the interpreter of God's will, and Ahiah the high priest is more in the background (Judges 20:27-28; 1 Chronicles 13:3; 1 Samuel 7:2; 1 Samuel 14:18). (See ABIATHAR in relation to Zadok.)
The high priest at Solomon's dedication of the temple in the 11th year of his reign was probably Zadok's grandson, Azariah, son of Ahimaaz, for Zadok was old at Solomon's accession (1 Kings 4:2; 1 Chronicles 6:9-10); the notice that he executed the priest's office in Solomon's temple must refer to the Azariah of 1 Chronicles 6:9, not of 1 Chronicles 6:10. The non-mention of his name at the dedication shows how the royal power overshadowed the priestly. From David to Jeconiah there are twenty kings, but from Zadok to Jehozadak but 13 high priests, in 1 Chronicles 6:8-15. The six first tally well to the six first kings, Amariah the sixth priest answering to Jehoshaphat the' sixth king from David; also the five last tally to the five last kings, Hilkiah son of Shallum, fourth from the end, tallying to Josiah, the fourth king from the end. There are but two names for the intervening 240 years, Ahitub and Zadok.
The histories supply four or five for the interval. Jehoiada in Athaliah's and Joash's reigns, Zechariah, his son Azariah in Uzziah's reign, Urijah in Ahaz's reign, and Azariah under Hezekiah. Josephus (Ant., 20:10) brings up the number to 18. (See AHAZ; AZARIAH.) Seraiah ends the series, taken by Nebuzaradan and slain by Nebuchadnezzar, along with Zephaniah, the second priest or sagan (2 Kings 25:18). Seraiah's son, Jehozadak or Josedech, was carried captive (1 Chronicles 6:15). Excepting Jehoiada, who overthrew Athaliah, and Azariah who withstood Uzziah, the kings took the lead in great religious movements. David arranged the temple service and 24 priest courses; Solomon dedicated the temple; Jehoshaphat directed Amariah and the priests as to teaching the people; Hezekiah led the reformation, and urged on Azariah; Josiah encouraged the priests in the service of the Lord's house.
On the other hand the priests truckled to the idolatrous Manasseh; the high priest Urijah was Ahaz' ready tool in copying the Damascus altar, supplanting Jehovah's brazen altar (2 Kings 16:10-16). No instance is recorded of consulting the Lord by Urim and Thummim after David. The prophets seem to have superseded the high priests as media of revealing God's will (2 Chronicles 15; 2 Chronicles 18; 2 Chronicles 20:14; 2 Kings 19:2; 2 Kings 22:12-14; 1618089958_7). Yet Nehemiah seems to have expected the return of a "priest with Urim and Thummim" (Nehemiah 7:65). The early cessation of responses proved by this favors the view that consultation was not the essential but the incidental use of "the breast-plate of judgment." Josedech died in Babylon. His son Jeshua cooperated zealously with Zerubbabel in the restoration of Israel's temple and polity along with Haggai and Zechariah. His successors were Joiakim, Eliashib, Joiada, Johanan (Jonathan), and Jaddua. (See ELIASHIB; ALEXANDER.) (Nehemiah 13:4-7; Nehemiah 12:10-11).
Josephus (Ant., 11:8, section 5, etc.) states that Jaddua's brother Manasseh was at Sanballat's request made the first high priest of the Samaritan temple by Alexander the Great. Simon the Just, second after Jaddua, was reputed the last of the Great Synagogue and the finisher of the Old Testament canon. Jesus and Onias adopted the Greek names Jason and Menelaus, and to gain the Syro-Greek kings' favor began to forsake the Jewish laws for Greek customs. A gymnasium at Jerusalem was built for the apostate Jews, and they endeavoured to conceal their circumcision when stripped at the games. This paved the way for the attack on Jehovah's worship by Antiochus Epiphanes t
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - High Priest
See Priest, Priesthood ; Priest, Christ as
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - High Priest (2)
HIGH PRIEST.—The terms ‘high priest’ and ‘chief priest’ in the NT represent the same original (ἀρχιερεύς), varied in translation to correspond with the uses of the term as explained below. The office of high priest in the Jewish nation can be traced back to the early years of post-exilic times. The priestly writings then adopted as authoritative assign its origin to the time of Moses, but the earlier writings contain no suggestion of the existence of the office, and cultural conditions before the Exile preclude an early date for its establishment. Immediately after the Return the office was a religious one, the secular power being in the hands of the ‘prince’; for, great as was the emphasis in the new community upon law and ceremony, there seems to have been an equal emphasis upon the hoped for restoration of the State to a dignified and independent position. It very soon became evident that this hope was impossible of fulfilment, and the secular functions, so far as they were exercised by the Jews, were merged in the duties of the high priest. At first the position was for life and hereditary. In practice the principle was often violated, the violations being occasioned not so much by deliberate purpose as by the turmoils of Greek and Roman times. Moreover, internal conditions in the Jewish community were of themselves sufficient to have unsettled the principle. At the time of the Hasmonaean uprising, the assumption of high priestly functions and title by this family was essential to the success of the revolt. Under the Roman supremacy, the fortunes of the political parties in Rome added to the tendencies that made for the disappearance of the last vestige of permanence in the high priestly office, and at the time of Christ we find it entirely at the will of Rome, both as to appointment and tenure. Under these conditions there had grown up a caste of high priestly families, descended from high priests and otherwise connected with them; these formed a high aristocracy in Judaism, which was possessed of considerable authority, however difficult it may be to define the limits and extent of that influence. Very naturally the selection of the high priest was made from these families. The numerous references in the Gospels are ordinarily to this high priestly class, and when the Greek is so used it is translated ‘chief priests’ (see art. Chief Priests).
As far as concerns the high priest proper, he occupied the position of chief political authority among the Jews, as head of the Sanhedrin. Josephus declares (Ant. xx. 10) that there were 28 high priests from the time of Herod to the destruction of Jerusalem. Of these, the Gospels mention the tenth, Annas, appointed by Quirinius (a.d. 6), and the fourteenth, Joseph, surnamed Caiaphas, who was in office at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus and presided over the Sanhedrin at His trial. Previous to this trial there was a preliminary trial or hearing, whether with or without legal right, before Annas, father-in-law of Caiaphas. The Gospel narrative of these events, so far from being confused or improbable, is confirmed as entirely consistent and probable by the records of Jewish practice of those days. Annas was a man of long continued influence among his people. No fewer than six of the high priests of the Herodian period are known to have been of his family. Other high priests after the end of their term of service are stated to have held high positions at home and abroad, and it is possible that some of the Gospel references to high or chief priests are to this group of ex-high priests together with the officiating priest.
The high priest was also at the head of the sacerdotal system, as the title, of course, implies. But although historically this was his chief claim to authority, his religious influence in the time of Christ was far less than his political power. The religion of the Jew was a matter quite distinct from the rites and ceremonies of the temple, though he might observe these with care. The very success of the high priests centuries before, in uniting the two offices of religious and secular ruler, had operated to foster the development of a religion of a different sort. It was now a religion of the scribes.
The high priest conducted the sacrifices only on special occasions. He was required to officiate on the yearly Day of Atonement; and on other festival days, such as New Moons and Sabbaths, he officiated at his pleasure. These distinctively priestly duties do not come into consideration in the Gospel narratives. The Epistle to the Hebrews, on the other hand, makes much mention of the office in order by that means to portray more clearly the work of Jesus in behalf of men; but one will be disappointed who goes to this Epistle to discover what were the high priestly functions at the time of Christ, or even to discover the theory of sacrifice and priesthood current in those days. The author does not describe the ceremonial as he and his readers knew it from daily observation or participation. He does not allude to it because it was something vital in the religious experience of the Jew. He describes it as he knew it out of the Jewish Scriptures, and he reflects upon it as dispassionately as a philosopher or a theologian. The OT priesthood and sacrifice did not really make atonement for sin; to the author they typified that atonement. In the real atonement Christ had a part similar to that played by the high priest in the sensuous, temporary, typical atonement of the earlier dispensation. He made reconciliation for the sins of the people (Hebrews 2:17); He was faithful, the recipient of a greater glory than Moses (Hebrews 3:1-6); sought not the office, but was chosen as was Aaron (Hebrews 5:4); He was of the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 5:10, Hebrews 6:20); was competent to sympathize with men (Hebrews 2:18, Hebrews 4:15). He possessed an unchanging priesthood, sacrificing once for all (7), and the sacrifice was Himself. He has passed through the heavens, through the veil (Hebrews 4:14), and serves in a perfect tabernacle. As the work wrought by Him for men surpassed that of the high priest, so the terminology of the older dispensation is insufficient, and breaks down under the burden of the description. Jesus is not only the Mediator of the new covenant, the High Priest, but He is also the sacrifice itself. The author will not say that the death on the cross fitted into the OT sacrificial system, any more than he brings Jesus into that system as priest. It was in the new order of things, in the spiritual atonement, which was the real one, with spiritual agencies and results, that His perfect humanity, His perfect obedience and sinlessness, found place. The temple is in the heavens whither He has gone to consummate the service of which His earthly career was an incident. See, further, art. Priest.
Literature.—Schürer, GJV [1] 3 [2] §§ 23, 24; Beyschlag, NT Theol. ii. 315–331; Westcott, Ep. to Hebrews; Briggs, Messiah of the Apostles, 242–283; Ménégoz, Théol. de l’Épitre aux Hébreux, 102 ff., 197 ff.
Owen H. Gates.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - High Priest
See Priest.
Webster's Dictionary - High Priest
A chief priest; esp., the head of the Jewish priesthood.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - High Priest
It is remarkable that this title occurs but seldom in the O.T. Leviticus 21:10 ; Numbers 35:25 ; Joshua 20:6 ; 2 Kings 12:10 ; 2 Chronicles 24:11 , etc. Aaron was constantly called 'the priest;' but as his sons were also called priests, he was necessarily the 'chief' and would correspond to what is called high priest in the N.T. His office is summed up in few words: he "is ordained for men in things pertaining to God" that he might offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins. He stood for the people to God: he offered up the sacrifices which put the people in relation with God (Leviticus 9 ), also those on the day of atonement (Leviticus 16 ), and he blessed them as from God. He, as taken from among men, was one who could have compassion on, or forbearance toward, the ignorant and the erring; for that he himself was compassed with infirmity. Hebrews 5:1,2 . Aaron did not take the honour upon himself, nor did Christ. Hebrews 5:4,5 . Having accomplished redemption by the offering of Himself, He passed through the heavens and sat down on the right hand of God. He is touched with the feeling of our infirmities, having been Himself tempted as we are, apart from sin. He ever lives to make intercession for us, He is also the minister of the sanctuary — He appears in the presence of God for us, and is the great Priest over the house of God. Hebrews 4:14,15 ; Hebrews 8:1 , etc. See AARON, AARONIC PRIESTHOOD, MELCHISEDEC.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - High Priest
The chief priest of the Jews, whose special duties were to officiate on the Day of Atonement, preside over the court of judgment, and consult the Divine oracle; his office was usually for life. It is a title of Christ in the New Testament: "a merciful and faithful high priest before God" (Hebrews 2). See also: chief priest.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - High Priest
High Priest. The head of the Jewish priesthood. Leviticus 21:10. Aaron was the first to hold the office, Exodus 28:1, and his descendants filled it after him. Eleazar was his immediate successor, Numbers 3:32; Numbers 20:28; Deuteronomy 10:6, and the priesthood remained in his family till Eli, 1 Chronicles 24:3; 1 Chronicles 24:6, who was of the house of Ithamar. The office of the high priest was originally held for life. This rule was disregarded by Solomon, who appointed Zadok and deposed Abiathar, 1 Kings 2:35, because he had espoused the cause of Adonijah. 1 Kings 1:7; 1 Kings 1:25. In the years succeeding the close of the canon the office became a tool in the hands of the rulers of the land. Herod particularly and his successors disregarded the tradition of the Jews on this point. This people, who held the office so sacred, now often begged their rulers to remove the incumbents, who were parasites of the throne. Herod appointed no less than five high priests himself, and one of them, Simon, as the price of his daughter in marriage. We consequently read in the New Testament of several high priests living at the same time, and Annas and Caiaphas are particularly mentioned. Luke 3:2. The services of consecration were prolonged, lasting seven days, Exodus 29:35, and elaborate. They consisted of sacrifices, Exodus 29:1-46; of anointing with oil, Exodus 29:7; Exodus 30:22-33; Leviticus 21:10, and of putting on of garments. Exodus 29:5-6; Exodus 29:8-9. The dress of the high priest was much more costly and magnificent than that of the inferior order of priests. It is described Exodus 39:1-9. The high priest's most solemn, peculiar, and exclusive duty was to officiate in the most holy place on the great day of atonement. Hebrews 9:7; Hebrews 9:25. See Atonement, Day of. In Leviticus 16:1-34 we have a full account of this most interesting service and the imposing ceremonies which preceded it. The high priest might at any time perform the duties assigned to the ordinary priests. He was in general the overseer of the temple, 2 Kings 12:10, and at the time of our Lord presided over the Sanhedrin. Acts 5:17; John 18:13-14, etc. Jesus is the great High Priest who once for all sprinkled with his own blood the threshold of the holy of holies (heaven), where he ever liveth to make intercession for us. Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 7:25; Hebrews 9:12, etc.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - High Priest
The first distinct separation of Aaron to the office of the priesthood, which previously belonged to the first-born was that recorded (Exodus 28:1 ) ... We find from the very first the following characteristic attributes of Aaron and the high priests his successors, as distinguished from the other priests: Aaron alone was anointed, (Leviticus 8:12 ) whence one of the distinctive epithets of the high priest was "the anointed priest." (Leviticus 4:3,5,16 ; 21:10 ) see (Numbers 35:25 ) The anointing of the sons of Aaron, i.e. the common priests seems to have been confined to sprinkling their garments with the anointing oil. (Exodus 29:21 ; 28:41 ) etc. The high priest had a peculiar dress, which passed to his successor at his death. This dress consisted of eight parts: (a) The breastplate , or, as it is further named, vs. ( Exodus 28:15,29,30 ) the breastplate of judgment. The breastplate was originally two spans long and one span broad, but when doubled it was square, the shape in which it was worn. On it were the twelve precious stones, set in four rows, three in a row, thus corresponding to the twelve tribes--each stone having the name of one of the children of Israel engraved upon it. (b) The ephod . This consisted of two parts, of which one covered the back and the other the front, i.e. the breast and upper part of the body. These parts were clasped together on the shoulder with two large onyx stones, each having engraved on it six of the names of the tribes of Israel. They were further united by a "curious girdle" of gold blue purple, scarlet and fine twined linen round the waist. [1] (C) The robe of the ephod. This was of inferior material to the ephod itself being all of blue, ver. 31, which implied its being only of "woven work." ch. ( Exodus 39:22 ) It was worn immediately under the ephod, and was longer than it. The skirt of this robe had a remarkable trimming of pomegranates in blue, red and crimson, with a bell of gold between each pomegranate alternately. The bells were to give a sound when the high priest went in and came out of the holy place. (d) The mitre or upper turbin, with its gold plate, engraved with "Holiness to the Lord," fastened to it by a ribbon of blue. (e) The broidered coat was a tunic or long skirt of linen with a tessellated or diaper pattern, like the setting of stone. (f) The girdle , also of linen, was wound round the body several times from the breast downward, and the ends hung down to the ankles. (g) The breeches or drawers, of linen, covered the loins and thighs; and (h) The bonnet was a turban of linen, partially covering the head, but not in the form of a cone like that of the high priest when the mitre was added to it. These last four were common to all priests. The high priest alone was permitted to enter the holy of holies, which he did once a year, on the great day of atonement, when he sprinkled the blood of the sin offering on the mercy seat, and burnt incense within the veil ( Leviticus 16:1 ) ... The manslayer might not leave the city of refuge during the lifetime of the existing high priest. It was also forbidden to the high priest to follow a funeral, or rend his clothes for the dead. It does not appear by whose authority the high priests were appointed to their office before there were kings of Israel. After this the office seems to have been used for political rather than religious purposes. Though at first chosen for life, we find that Solomon deposed Abiathar, (1 Kings 2:35 ) and that Herod appointed a number of high priests, which may account for there being at least two living in Christ's time, Annas and Caiaphas. (Luke 3:2 ) The usual are for entering upon the functions of the priesthood, according to (2 Chronicles 31:17 ) is considered to have been 20 years, though a priest or high priest was not actually incapacitated if he had attained to puberty. Again, according to (Leviticus 21:17-21 ) no one that had a blemish could officiate at the altar. The theological view of the high priesthood does not fall within the scope of this work. It must suffice therefore to indicate that such a view would embrace the consideration of the office, dress, functions and ministrations of the high priest considered as typical of the priesthood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and as setting forth under shadows the truths which are openly taught under the gospel. This had been done to a great extent in the Epistle to the Hebrews. It would also embrace all the moral and spiritual teaching supposed to be intended by such symbols.

Sentence search

Sadoc - (Hebrew: just) ...
High Priest chosen by David while Abiathar was High Priest in Jerusalem (2 Kings 8). To foil Adonias' plans, he anointed Solomon king before David's death (3Kings 1), and as a reward was appointed sole High Priest (id
Abiathar - Father of abundance, or my father excels, the son of Ahimelech the High Priest. He was the tenth High Priest, and the fourth in descent from Eli. When David ascended the throne of Judah, Abiathar was appointed High Priest (1 Chronicles 15:11 ; 1 Kings 2:26 ) and the "king's companion" (1 Chronicles 27:34 ). Meanwhile Zadok, of the house of Eleazar, had been made High Priest. Abiathar was deposed (the sole historical instance of the deposition of a High Priest) and banished to his home at Anathoth by Solomon, because he took part in the attempt to raise Adonijah to the throne. Zadok now became sole High Priest. In Mark 2:26 , reference is made to an occurrence in "the days of Abiathar the High Priest. " But from 1 Samuel 22 , we learn explicitly that this event took place when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was High Priest. The apparent discrepancy is satisfactorily explained by interpreting the words in Mark as referring to the life-time of Abiathar, and not to the term of his holding the office of High Priest. It is not implied in Mark that he was actual High Priest at the time referred to
Annas - Jewish High Priest A. His son-in-law, Caiaphas, was High Priest during the ministry of Our Lord, but Annas was still influential
Annas - A High Priest of the Jews, Luke 3:2 ; John 18:13,24 ; Acts 4:6 . He is mentioned in Luke as being High Priest along with Caiaphas, his son in-law. In the passages of the New Testament above cited, therefore, it is apparent that Caiaphas was the only actual and proper High Priest; but Annas being his father-in-law, and having been formerly himself High Priest, and being also perhaps his substitute, had great influence and authority, and could with propriety be still termed High Priest along with Caiaphas
Pontifex - ) A High Priest; a pontiff
i.c.r.s.s. - = Institute of Christ the King, High Priest ...
High-Priesthood - ) The office, dignity, or position of a High Priest
Aaronical - ) Pertaining to Aaron, the first High Priest of the Jews
Annas - Was High Priest A. 25 Caiaphas, who had married the daughter of Annas (John 18:13 ), was raised to that office, and probably Annas was now made president of the Sanhedrim, or deputy or coadjutor of the High Priest, and thus was also called High Priest along with Caiaphas (Luke 3:2 ). By the Mosaic law the high-priesthood was held for life (Numbers 3:10 ); and although Annas had been deposed by the Roman procurator, the Jews may still have regarded him as legally the High Priest
Annas - (humble ), the son of one Seth was appointed High Priest A. 25 Joseph Caiaphas, son-in-law of An-nas, became High Priest, ( John 18:13 ) but in Luke 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas are both called High Priests. Some maintain that the two, Annas and Caiaphas, were together at the head of the Jewish people,--Caiaphas as actual High Priest, Annas as resident of the Sanhedrin- (Acts 4:6 ) Others again suppose that Annas held the office of sagin , or substitute of the High Priest; others still that Annas held the title and was really the ruling power. He lived to old age, having had five sons High Priests
Abiathar - ” The son of Ahimelech and the eleventh High Priest in succession from Aaron through the line of Eli. Having escaped with the ephod, Abiathar became the High Priest and chief counselor for David (1 Samuel 23:6 ). Zadok was then made the official High Priest (1 Kings 2:35 ), though Abiathar retained the title (1 Kings 4:4 ). Even while Abiathar was serving as High Priest, his son, Ahimelech, became prominent in priestly service (1 Samuel 21:1-9 ; 2 Samuel 8:17 ; 1 Chronicles 18:16 ; 1Chronicles 24:3,1Chronicles 24:6,1 Chronicles 24:31 ). ...
Mark 2:26 records Jesus' statement that David took the showbread from the place of worship when Abiathar was High Priest at Nob. 1 Samuel 21:1 reports that this happened when Ahimelech, the father of Abiathar, was still the High Priest. However, a few days after this incident Abiathar did become High Priest ( 1 Samuel 22:19-20 ). Some New Testament Greek manuscripts omit “when Abiathar was High Priest
Ahitub - On the death of his grandfather Eli he succeeded to the office of High Priest, and was himself succeeded by his son Ahijah (1Samuel 14:3; 22:9,11,12,20). ...
The father of Zadok, who was made High Priest by Saul after the extermination of the family of Ahimelech (1Chronicles 6:7,8; 2 Samuel 8:17 )
Urim vetumim - the stones embedded in the High Priest�s breastplate, which served as oracles...
Meraiah - Resistance, a chief priest, a contemporary of the High Priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:12 )
John - Kinsmanof Annas the High Priest
jo-a'Ada - (whom Jehovah favors ), High Priest after his father Eliashib
Annas - High Priest from a. At the time of our Lord’s trial he was merely High Priest emeritus , and his son-in-law Caiaphas, the acting High Priest, presided ex officio over the meeting of the Sanhedrin ( John 18:24 , Matthew 26:67 ). Nevertheless, since the High Priest emeritus retained not only his title (cf
High priest - the “high priest,” or chief of the Kohanim; only he may enter the Holy of Holies ...
Joiakim - A High Priest, son of Jeshua ( Nehemiah 12:10 ; Nehemiah 12:12 ; Nehemiah 12:26 )
Kohen gadol - the �high priest,� or chief of the Kohanim; only he may enter the Holy of Holies ...
Joiakim - (Whom Jehovah has set up) = Jehoiakim, a High Priest, the son and successor of Jeshua (Nehemiah 12:10,12,26 )
Eliasib - A High Priest in the time of Neh
jo-i'Akim - (whom Jehovah sets up ), a High Priest, son of the renowned Jeshua
Jehozadak - High Priest at the time Nebuchadnezzar carried Judah into Babylonian Exile about 587 B. He was the father of Joshua, the High Priest who returned from Exile with Zerubbabel about 537 B
Sceva - (sscee' vuh) Jewish “high priest” in Ephesus with seven sons who tried unsuccessfully to exorcise demons in Jesus' name as Paul had done (Acts 19:14 ). No such Jewish High Priest is known from other sources, particularly not one living in Ephesus
High Priest - A number of terms are used to refer to the High Priest: the priest ( Exodus 31:10 ); the anointed priest (Leviticus 4:3 ); the priest who is chief among his brethren (Leviticus 21:10 ); chief priest (2 Chronicles 26:20 ); and High Priest (2 Kings 12:10 ). ...
Responsibilities and Privileges The High Priesthood was a hereditary office based on descent from Aaron (Exodus 29:29-30 ; Exodus 28:4-39 ). Normally, the High Priest served for life (Leviticus 16:1-255 ; Numbers 25:11-13 ; Numbers 35:25 ,Numbers 35:25,35:28 ; Nehemiah 12:10-11 ), though as early as Solomon's reign a High Priest was dismissed for political reasons (1 Kings 2:27 ). ...
A special degree of holiness was required of the High Priest (Leviticus 10:6 ,Leviticus 10:6,10:9 ; Leviticus 21:10-15 ). Such legislation identified the High Priest as one totally dedicated to the Lord, always ritually pure and ready to serve the Lord. ...
If the High Priest sinned, he brought guilt upon the whole people (Leviticus 4:3 ). The sin offering for the High Priest (Leviticus 4:3-12 ) was identical to that required “if the whole congregation of Israel commits a sin” (Leviticus 4:13-21 ). ...
The consecration of the High Priest was an elaborate seven-day ritual involving special baths, putting on special garments, and anointing with oil and with blood (Exodus 29:1-37 ; Leviticus 6:19-22 ; Leviticus 8:5-35 ). The special garments of the High Priest included (1) a blue robe with an ornate hem decorated with gold bells and embroidered pomegranates, (2) an ephod of fine linen with colorful embroidered work and shoulder straps bearing stones engraved with the names of the twelve tribes, (3) a breastplate with twelve precious stones engraved with the names of the twelve tribes, and (4) a linen turban with a gold plate inscribed “Holy to Yahweh” (Leviticus 16:32 ; Exodus 39:1-31 ; Leviticus 8:7-9 ). The engraved plate and the stones engraved with the tribal names highlight the role of the High Priest as the holy representative of all Israel before the Lord (Exodus 28:12 ,Exodus 28:12,28:29 ). In his “breastplate of judgment,” the High Priest kept the sacred lots, the Urim and Thummim, which were used to inquire of the Lord (Exodus 28:29-30 ; Numbers 27:21 ). ...
The High Priest shared in general priestly duties. Only the High Priest, however, was allowed to enter the holy of holies and then only on the Day of Atonement (1618089958_25 ; for the details of the ritual, see Day of Atonement ). ...
The death of the High Priest marked the end of an epoch. One guilty of involuntary manslaughter was required to remain in a city of refuge until the death of the High Priest (Numbers 35:25 , Numbers 35:28 ,Numbers 35:28,35:32 ; Joshua 20:6 ). The expiatory death of the High Priest removed blood guilt that would pollute the land (compare Numbers 20:25-28 ). ...
History of the Office Some argue that the developed priesthood characterized by three divisions (high priest, priests, and Levites) was a late, possibly postexilic, development in the history of Israel's worship. ...
The term High Priest occurs in only one brief passage in the Pentateuch (Numbers 35:25 ,Numbers 35:25,35:28 ,Numbers 35:28,35:32 ), once in Joshua (Joshua 20:6 where the legislation of Numbers 35:1 is enacted), and never in the Book of Judges. Neither Eli, Ahimelech, Abiathar, nor Zadok are called high or chief priest, though all four headed priestly families and are mentioned in connection with items usually associated with the High Priest (the ark, the ephod, the Urim and Thummim: 1 Samuel 3:3 ; 1 Samuel 4:4-11 ; 1 Samuel 21:6 , 1 Samuel 21:9 ; 2 Samuel 15:24-29 ). The account of Eleazar's donning Aaron's priestly robe (Numbers 35:33 ; compare Deuteronomy 10:6 ) provides Scripture's best report of High Priestly succession. Until Eli's appearance at end of the period of the judges, a puzzling silence surrounds the High Priesthood. 1 Chronicles 6:1-15 offers a (partial?) list of seven High Priests between Phinehas and Zadok, a contemporary of David and Solomon. ...
Eli is best known for his rearing of Samuel (1 Samuel 1:25-28 ; 1 Samuel 3:1 ) and for his inability to control his own sons (1Samuel 2:12-17,1 Samuel 2:22-25 ; 1 Samuel 3:13 ), which, in time, resulted in the forfeiture of the High Priesthood by his line (1 Samuel 2:27-35 ). The High Priesthood remained in the family of Zadok from the beginning of Solomon's reign (about 964 B. ) until Menelaus bought the High Priesthood (171 B. ...
Azariah, the son of Zadok, was the first individual to be explicitly identified as the “high priest” (1 Kings 4:2 ). At times during the monarchy, individual High Priests exercised major roles in the life of Judah. Jehoshabeath, wife of the High Priest Jehoida (2 Chronicles 22:11 ), saved the infant Joash from the murderous Athaliah. The High Priest Hilkiah discovered the “Book of the Law,” perhaps the Book of Deuteronomy, which provided the incentive for King Josiah's reforms (2 Kings 22:8 ). ...
In the early postexilic period, the High Priest Joshua is presented as the equal of the Davidic governor Zerubabbel (Haggai 1:1 ,Haggai 1:1,1:12 ,Haggai 1:12,1:14 ; Haggai 2:2 ,Haggai 2:2,2:4 ). Both High Priest and governor shared in the rebuilding of the Temple (Ezra 3:1 ; Ezra 6:9-15 ; Haggai 1-2 ). A further indication of the heightened importance of the High Priesthood in the postexilic period is the interest in succession lists of High Priests (1Chronicles 6:1-15,1 Chronicles 6:50-53 ; 1 Chronicles 9:11 ; Ezra 7:1-5 ; Nehemiah 12:10-11 ), a new development in biblical literature. ...
In the period before the Maccabean revolt the High Priesthood became increasingly political. With Menelaus the High Priesthood passed out of the legitimate Zadokite line. ...
The Maccabees combined the office of High Priest with that of military commander or political leader. Alexander Balas, a contender for the Seleucid throne, appointed Jonathan Maccabee “high priest” and “king's friend” (1 Maccabees 10:20 ). Simon Maccabee was, likewise, confirmed in his High Priesthood and made a “friend” of the Seleucid King Demetrius II (1 Maccabees 14:38 ). Temple and state were combined in the person of Simon who was both High Priest and ethnarch (1 Maccabees 15:1-2 ). ...
The Romans continued the practice of rewarding the High Priesthood to political favorites. During the Roman period, Annas (high priest A. Even when deposed by the Romans, Annas succeeded in having five of his sons and a son-in-law, Joseph Caiaphas (high priest A. 18 to 36/37) appointed High Priests. Some confusion has resulted from New Testament references to the joint High Priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas (Luke 3:2 ). Another possibility is that Annas retained the title of respect on the grounds that the High Priesthood was for life. Ananias, one of Annas' sons, was the High Priest to whom Paul was brought in Acts 23:2 ; Acts 24:1 . ...
High Priest and Chief Priests The ordination rite for the High Priest included the consecration of his sons as well (Exodus 29:8-9 ,Exodus 29:8-9,29:20-21 ). A number of terms refer to leading priests other than the High Priest: anointed priests (2 Maccabees 1:10 ); chief priests (Ezra 8:29 ; Ezra 10:5 ; Nehemiah 12:7 ); senior priests (2 Kings 19:2 ; Isaiah 37:2 ; Jeremiah 19:1 )
Elisheba - ” Wife of Aaron, the High Priest (Exodus 6:23 )
Thummim - ) A mysterious part or decoration of the breastplate of the Jewish High Priest
Ephod - The ephod for the priests was of plain linen; that for the High Priest was richly embroidered in colors. The breastplate of the High Priest was worn upon the ephod in front
Caiaphas - ” The High Priest at the time of Jesus' crucifixion (Matthew 26:3 ). Evidently he was appointed High Priest about A
Archimagus - ) The High Priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire
Cities of Refuge - The person was required to stay in the city until the death of the High Priest of that city (Numbers 35:25-28). When the High Priest dies, the offender is set free. In other words, when Jesus our High Priest died on the cross, we sinners were set free from sin
Jehoz'Adak - He was the son of the High Priest Seraiah. ) He himself never attained the High Priesthood, but he was the father of Jeshua the High Priest, and of all his successors till the pontificate of Alcimus
Jehosh'Eba - (Jehovah's oath ), daughter of Joram king of Israel, and wife of jehoiada the High Priest. She is the only recorded instance of the marriage of a princess of the royal house with a High Priest
Azariah - ...
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Son of Ahimaaz, who succeeded his grandfather Zadok as High Priest (1 Chronicles 6:9 ; 1 Kings 4:2 ) in the days of Solomon. ...
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The son of Johanan, High Priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa (2 Chronicles 6:10,11 ). ...
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High Priest in the reign of Uzziah, king of Judah (2 Kings 14:21 ; 2 Chronicles 26:17-20 ). ...
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High Priest in the days of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:10-13 )
Abishua - Son of Phinehasm and fourth High Priest, 1 Chronicles 6:50
Zadok - son of Ahitub, High Priest of the Jews, of the race of Eleazar. For some time there were two High Priests in Israel, 2 Samuel 8:17 ; 2 Samuel 15:24 , &c; 2 Samuel 19:11-12 ; 1 Kings 1:8 , &c. After the death of David, 1 Kings 2:35 , Solomon excluded Abiathar from the High Priesthood, because he espoused the party of Adonijah, and made Zadok High Priest alone
Pontificate - Is used for the state or dignity of a pontiff, or High Priest; but more particularly, in modern writers, for the reign of a pope
Abishua - ...
The son of Phinehas the High Priest (1Chronicles 6:4,5,50; Ezra 7:5 )
Sanhedrim - ) the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the High Priest was added
Jozadak - ” Father of High Priest Joshua (Ezra 3:2 among others)
Confarreation - ) A form of marriage among the Romans, in which an offering of bread was made, in presence of the High Priest and at least ten witnesses
Helkai - ” Priest when Joiakim was High Priest one generation after the return from the Exile under Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:15 )
Holy of holies - the inner chamber of the Temple where the Divine Presence was most revealed; contained the Holy Ark, was only entered by the High Priest on Yom Kippur ...
Meraiah - ” Head of a priestly family in the time of the High Priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:12 )
Kallai - ” A chief priest who returned from Exile during the time of the High Priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:20 )
Jaddua - ...
...
The last High Priest mentioned in the Old Testament (Nehemiah 12:11,22 ), sons of Jonathan
Abi'Athar - liberal ), High Priest and fourth in descent from Eli. ) Abiathar was the only one of the all the sons of Ahimelech the High Priest who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul, in revenge for his father's house by Saul, in revenge of his having inquired of the Lord for David and given him the shew-bread to eat. Abiathar having become High Priest fled to David, and was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him. For this Abiathar was deprived of the High Priesthood. Zadok had joined David at Hebron, (1 Chronicles 12:28 ) so that there was henceforth who High Priests in the reign of David, and till the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok became the sole High Priest
Eli, the high priest - High Priest in the Tabernacle in Shiloh
Jehohanan - This Jehohanan is sometimes equated with the High Priest of Nehemiah 12:22-23 who is considered then to be a grandson of the High Priest Eliashib and also to be the High Priest mentioned in the Elephantine Papyri as serving about 411 B. This Jehohanan may have been related to the Eliashib of Nehemiah 13:4 who was not a High Priest but was closely connected to Temple chambers. Father of a military commander under Jehoiada, the High Priest, in the assassination of Queen Athaliah and the installation of Joash as king of Judah about 835 B
Johanan - High Priest about 411 B. He was High Priest at time Nehemiah's list of priests was compiled. Others would equate this Johanan with Jehohanan of Ezra 10:6 (note the KJV equation of names despite difference in Hebrew spelling), but Ezra does not indicate Jehohanan was High Priest. High Priest in the early period of Israel's monarchy (1 Chronicles 6:9-10 ). His son Azariah was High Priest under Solomon (compare 1 Kings 4:2 )
Abiathar - Tenth High Priest and descendant of Levi through Eli. Abiathar was the only one of all the sons of Ahimelech the High Priest who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul, in revenge for his having inquired of the Lord for David and given him the shewbread to eat. Abiathar having become High Priest fled to David, and was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him. For this Abiathar was deprived of the High Priesthood. Zadok had joined David at Hebron, 1 Chronicles 12:28, so that there were henceforth two High Priests in the reign of David, and till the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok became the sole High Priest, thus fulfilling the prophecy of 1 Samuel 2:30. The Lord Jesus, Mark 2:26, names Abiathar as the High Priest in whose time David ate the shewbread. Probably the sense is: "In the days of Abiathar, who was afterwards High Priest," and under whom the record of the fact would be made
Ananias - ...
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The High Priest before whom Paul was brought in the procuratorship of Felix (Acts 23:2,5,24 ). " Being reminded that Ananias was the High Priest, to whose office all respect was to be paid, he answered, "I wist not, brethren, that he was the High Priest" (Acts 23:5 ). The expression may mean (a) that Paul had at the moment overlooked the honour due to the High Priest; or (b), as others think, that Paul spoke ironically, as if he had said, "The High Priest breaking the law! God's High Priest a tyrant and a lawbreaker! I see a man in white robes, and have heard his voice, but surely it cannot, it ought not to be, the voice of the High Priest. ) (c) Others think that from defect of sight Paul could not observe that the speaker was the High Priest
Priesthood of Christ - See Atonement ; Christ; Jesus; High Priest
Thummim - The Urim and Thummim were worn in the breastplate of the High Priest, but what they were, has never been satisfactorily ascertained
Ahitub - We do not know whether he ever exercised the functions of High Priest. It is probable from Nehemiah 11:11 that he was actually High Priest
Ahiah - Son of Ahitub, and High Priest in the reign of Saul, 1 Samuel 14:3
Bell - A golden object fastened to the garments of the High Priest which served as a signal or warning of the High Priest's movements (Exodus 28:33-35 ; Exodus 39:25-26 )
Hilkiah - A faithful High Priest in the reign of Josiah, 2 Kings 22:20
Aaronites - Descendants of Aaron the High Priest, so called 1 Chronicles 12:27 ; 27:17
Chuldah - She was approached for guidance when Hilkiah the High Priest found a Torah scroll in the Holy Temple in 458 BCE
Huldah - She was approached for guidance when Hilkiah the High Priest found a Torah scroll in the Holy Temple in 458 BCE
Mattenai - Priestly contemporary of the High Priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:19 )
Moadiah - ” Priestly clan in the time of the High Priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:17 ), perhaps to be identified with Maadiah (Nehemiah 12:5 )
Urim - ) A part or decoration of the breastplate of the High Priest among the ancient Jews, by which Jehovah revealed his will on certain occasions
Priest - ...
2: ἀρχιερεύς (Strong's #749 — Noun Masculine — archiereus — ar-khee-er-yuce' ) designates (a) "the High Priests" of the Levitical order, frequently called "chief priests" in the NT, and including "ex-high priests" and members of "high priestly" families, e. , Matthew 2:4 ; 16:21 ; 20:18 ; 21:15 ; in the singular, a "high priest," e. , Abiathar, Mark 2:26 ; Annas and Caiaphas, Luke 3:2 , where the RV rightly has "in the High Priesthood of A. As to the combination of the two in this respect, Annas was the "high priest" from A. 7-14, and, by the time referred to, had been deposed for some years; his son-in-law, Caiaphas, the fourth "high priest" since his deposition, was appointed about A. That Annas was still called the "high priest" is explained by the facts (1) that by the Mosaic law the High Priesthood was held for life, Numbers 35:25 ; his deposition was the capricious act of the Roman procurator, but he would still be regarded legally and religiously as "high priest" by the Jews; (2) that he probably still held the office of deputy-president of the Sanhedrin (cp. 2 Kings 25:18 ); (3) that he was a man whose age, wealth and family connections gave him a preponderant influence, by which he held the real sacerdotal power; indeed at this time the High Priesthood was in the hands of a clique of some half dozen families; the language of the writers of the Gospels is in accordance with this, in attributing the High Priesthood rather to a caste than a person; (4) the "high priests" were at that period mere puppets of Roman authorities who deposed them at will, with the result that the title was used more loosely than in former days. ...
The Divine institution of the priesthood culminated in the "high priest," it being his duty to represent the whole people, e. The characteristics of the Aaronic "high priests" are enumerated in Hebrews 5:1-4 ; 8:3 ; 9:7,25 ; in some mss. to the Hebrews, where He is spoken of as "a High Priest," Hebrews 4:15 ; 5:5,10 ; 6:20 ; 7:26 ; 8:1,3 (RV); 9:11; "a great High Priest," Hebrews 4:14 ; "a great priest," Hebrews 10:21 ; "a merciful and faithful High Priest," Hebrews 2:17 ; "the Apostle and High Priest of our confession," Hebrews 3:1 , RV; "a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek," Hebrews 5:10 . One of the great objects of this Epistle is to set forth the superiority of Christ's High Priesthood as being of an order different from and higher than the Aaronic, in that He is the Son of God (see especially Hebrews 7:28 ), with a priesthood of the Melchizedek order. ...
Note: In Acts 4:6 the adjective hieratikos, "high priestly," is translated "of the High Priest
Aaron - Brother of Moses and High Priest of the Old Law; chosen by Moses to be his spokesman before Pharoah (Exodus 4,7, 8). The rod of Aaron blossomed as a sign that he had been chosen by God to be first High Priest (Leviticus 8)
Caiaphas - A High Priest of the Jews, a. The office was formerly held for life, but at this time the High Priest was appointed at the pleasure of the Roman government
Ephod - A vestment appropriated to the High Priest. See High Priest. An ephod is said to have been worn by Samuel, 1 Samuel 2:18, by the ordinary priests, 1 Samuel 22:18, and by David, 2 Samuel 6:14; 1 Chronicles 15:27; but this vesture differed from the High Priest's, both in the extraordinary ornaments of the latter, and also in the material. The linen of the High Priest's ephod is described by another and peculiar word
Meraioth -
Father of Amariah, a High Priest of the line of Eleazar (1 Chronicles 6:6,7,52 )
Ouch - See Breastplate (of the High Priest)
Pontificate - ) The state or dignity of a High Priest; specifically, the office of the pope
Day of Atonement - Only one person, the Israelite High Priest, could enter the Most Holy Place of the tabernacle, and he could do so only once a year, on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:2; Hebrews 9:7). Therefore, on this one day of the year, when entrance into God’s presence was available, the High Priest brought all the people’s sins to God for his forgiveness. ...
Before offering a sacrifice on behalf of others, the High Priest had to offer a sacrifice for himself and his fellow priests. The High Priest then sprinkled the blood of the slaughtered animal on and in front of the mercy seat (Leviticus 16:11-14). ...
On returning to the open courtyard, the High Priest repeated the ritual, this time offering the people’s sin offering (Leviticus 16:15-19). The High Priest laid his hands on the animal’s head, confessed over it the sins of the people, and sent it far away into the wilderness so that it could never return. ...
When the sin-cleansing ritual was finished, the High Priest washed himself thoroughly with water. ...
Jesus Christ, the great High Priest, offered not an animal as a sacrifice; he offered himself. Entrance into the presence of God, which was restricted under the Old Testament system, is now available to all God’s people through their High Priest, Jesus Christ (Hebrews 10:19-22; cf. ...
When the Israelite High Priest had completed the sin-cleansing rituals in the tabernacle-tent, he reappeared to the people
Joiakim - ” Son of Jeshua and High Priest of Israel about 510 B
Manslayer - One who was guilty of accidental homicide, and was entitled to flee to a city of refuge (Numbers 35:6,12,22,23 ), his compulsory residence in which terminated with the death of the High Priest
Hauran - A man ‘far gone in years and no less also in madness,’ who endeavoured to suppress a tumult in Jerusalem provoked by the sacrileges of Lysimachus, brother of the apostate High Priest Menelaus ( 2Ma 4:40 )
Jehoiada - A High Priest, who preserved the life and throne of the young Josiah against the usurping Athaliah
Abishua - The son of Phineas, the High Priest
Annas - or ANANUS, as Josephus calls him, was the son of Seth, and High Priest of the Jews. He succeeded Joazar, the son of Simon, enjoyed the High Priesthood eleven years, and was succeeded by Ishmael, the son of Phabi. After he was deposed, he still preserved the title of High Priest, and had a great share in the management of public affairs. He is called High Priest in conjunction with Caiaphas, when John the Baptist entered upon the exercise of his mission; though Calmet thinks that at that time he did not, strictly speaking, possess or officiate in that character, Luke 3:2 . Josephus remarks, that Annas was considered as one of the happiest men of his nation, for five of his sons were High Priests, and he himself possessed that great dignity many years
Annas - High Priest, appointed in A. It is supposed that Annas was called High Priest by courtesy, having once held the office: the Lord was taken to him first, perhaps as being the father-in-law of Caiaphas. Josephus relates that the five sons of Annas became High Priests, and under the last, also named Annas, James the Lord's brother was martyred
Caiaphas - High Priest of the Jews, succeeded Simon, son of Camith; and after possessing this dignity nine years, from A. Caiaphas was High Priest, A. He married a daughter of Annas, who also is called High Priest in the Gospel, because he had long enjoyed that dignity. This sentiment was a prophecy, which God suffered to proceed from the mouth of the High Priest on this occasion, importing, that the death of Jesus would be for the salvation of the world. The depositions of certain false witnesses being insufficient to justify a sentence of death against him, and Jesus continuing silent, Caiaphas, as High Priest, said to him, "I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou art the Christ, the Son of God!" To this adjuration, so solemnly made by the superior judge, Jesus answered, "Thou hast said; nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. As an acknowledgment for this honour, he restored the custody of the High Priest's ornaments, to the priests, he remitted certain duties raised on the fruits of the earth, and deposed the High Priest Caiaphas
Jehoshabeath - Daughter of Joram king of Israel, and wife of Jehoiada, High Priest
Ouches - See Jewels, Jewelry ; High Priest
ca'Iaphas, - (depression ), in full JOSEPH CAIAPHAS, High Priest of the Jews under Tiberius
Mal'Chus - (king or kingdom ), the name of the servant of the High Priest whose right ear Peter cut off at the time of the Saviour's apprehension in the garden
Jehosheba - She was the only princess of the royal house who was married to a High Priest, Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 22:11 )
Joiada - High Priest, son of Eliashib ( Nehemiah 12:10-11 ; Nehemiah 12:22 )
Herod Philip i. - (Mark 6:17 ), the son of Herod the Great by Mariamne, the daughter of Simon, the High Priest
Doeg - At the command of Saul he slew the High Priest Ahimelech (q
Pontiff - ) A High Priest
Abishua - Josephus says that Abishua was High Priest after Phinehas
Malchus - The servants, of the High Priest, rendered memorable by the apostle Peter cutting off his ear in his zeal for Christ, and Jesus with his unequalled tenderness healing it; (see John 18:10 with Luke 22:50-51) The name is derived from Melek...
Jehozadak - Jehovah-justified, the son of the High Priest Seraiah at the time of the Babylonian exile (1 Chronicles 6:14,15 )
Mattathias - Four High Priests from 5 B. See Intertestamental History; High Priest
Amethyst - Used in the breastplate of the High Priest (Exodus 28:19 ; Exodus 39:12 ) and the twelfth stone in the foundation wall of the new Jerusalem (Revelation 21:20 )
Jaddua - A High Priest, probably at the end of the Persian period when Alexander the Great approached Jerusalem about 333 B
Urim - These were a kind of ornament belonging to the habit of the High Priest, in virtue of which he gave oracular answers to the people but what they were has not been satisfactorily ascertained
Zadok -
A son of Ahitub, of the line of Eleazer (2 Samuel 8:17 ; 1 Chronicles 24:3 ), High Priest in the time of David (2 Samuel 20:25 ) and Solomon (1 Kings 4:4 ). Zadok and Abiathar acted as High Priests on several important occasions (1 Chronicles 15:11 ; 2 Samuel 15:24-29,35,36 ); but when Adonijah endeavoured to secure the throne, Abiathar went with him, and therefore Solomon "thrust him out from being High Priest," and Zadok, remaining faithful to David, became High Priest alone (1 Kings 2:27,35 ; 1 Chronicles 29:22 )
Joseph Caiaphas - (18-36 AD) Jewish High Priest
Joseph Caiphas - (18-36 AD) Jewish High Priest
Caiaphas, Joseph - (18-36 AD) Jewish High Priest
Caiphas, Joseph - (18-36 AD) Jewish High Priest
Shimon hatzaddik - From the last members of the Great Assembly, served as High Priest and head of the Sanhedrin for 40 years
Simeon the righteous - From the last members of the Great Assembly, served as High Priest and head of the Sanhedrin for 40 years
Miniamin - Priestly family in the time of the High Priest Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:17 )
Jaddua - A High Priest ( Nehemiah 12:11 ; Nehemiah 12:22 )
Asiarch - The title of Asiarch could be held in conjunction with any civil office, and with the High Priesthood of a particular city, but the High Priest of Asia and the Asiarch were probably not identical; for there was only one High Priest of Asia at a time, but there were a number of Asiarchs, as Acts 19:31 shows, even in one city
Moseroth - From hence this great High Priest of the Levitical dispensation will arise at the last day. Here he rests in hope, who in his office was a type of our glorious High Priest after the order of Melchizedec
Caiaphas - As Jewish High Priest in Jerusalem during the time of Jesus, Caiaphas is chiefly remembered for his part in the crucifixion of Jesus. He was son-in-law of the former High Priest Annas (John 18:13), he became High Priest before Jesus began his ministry (Luke 3:2), and he was still High Priest in the days of the early church (Acts 4:6)
Pontifical - ) Of or pertaining to a pontiff, or High Priest; as, pontifical authority; hence, belonging to the pope; papal
Blemishes - In this provision of the law there was an allusion to the great High Priest of our profession, who offered himself without spot to God
Miter - The sacred turban or bonnet of the Jewish High Priest, made of a piece of fine linen many yards long, wound about the head, and having in front, secured with blue lace, a plate of pure gold on which was inscribed, "HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD," Exodus 28:4,36-38 39:28-31
Asiarch - Several scholars of repute have hold the view that the term Ἀσιάρχης is equivalent to ἀρχιερεὺς Ἀσίας (‘high priest of Asia’), the president of the Diet of Asia (κοινὸν τῆς Ἀσίας, commune Asiae). Certain considerations, however, militate against the view ‘that the terms ‘Asiarch’ and ‘high priest of Asia’ are interchangeable. The word Ἀσιάρχης is never feminine, whereas the title ‘high priestess of Asia’ is often applied to the wife of the High Priest. The origin of the view that ‘Asiarch’ and ‘high priest of Asia’ are two convertible terms is to be found in the Martyrdom of Polycarp (a. 155), where two separate persons named Philippos have been confused: (1) Philip of Smyrna, Asiarch, who superintended the games; (2) Philip of Tralles, who was High Priest of Asia (the latter had been an Asiarch a year or two before). It is clear, therefore, that the honorary position of Asiarch was inferior to the office of High Priest of Asia. The High Priest presided over the games, etc. Both the Asiarchs and the High Priest disappear after the early part of the 4th cent
Azariah - High Priest in the reign of Solomon ( 1 Kings 4:2 ). 1 Chronicles 6:10 , Ezra 7:3 , father of Amariah, who was High Priest under Jehoshaphat. High Priest in the reign of Uzziah ( 2 Chronicles 26:16-20 ); he withstood and denounced the king when he presumptuously attempted to usurp the priests’ office of burning incense upon the altar. High Priest in the reign of Hezekiah ( 2 Chronicles 3:10 ; 2 Chronicles 3:13 ). 1 Chronicles 6:13-14 , Ezra 7:1 ( Ezerias , Esther 8:1 Esther 8:1 ; Azarias , 2E Esther 1:1 ), son of Hilkiah the High Priest
High Priest - High Priest. The office of the High Priest was originally held for life. Herod appointed no less than five High Priests himself, and one of them, Simon, as the price of his daughter in marriage. We consequently read in the New Testament of several High Priests living at the same time, and Annas and Caiaphas are particularly mentioned. The dress of the High Priest was much more costly and magnificent than that of the inferior order of priests. The High Priest's most solemn, peculiar, and exclusive duty was to officiate in the most holy place on the great day of atonement. The High Priest might at any time perform the duties assigned to the ordinary priests. Jesus is the great High Priest who once for all sprinkled with his own blood the threshold of the holy of holies (heaven), where he ever liveth to make intercession for us
Ahimaaz - The son and successor of Zadok became High Priest in the reign of Solomon
Cassia - An ingredient in the holy oil used in anointing the High Priest (Exodus 30:24)
Ephod - Something girt, a sacred vestment worn originally by the High Priest (Exodus 28:4 ), afterwards by the ordinary priest (1 Samuel 22:18 ), and characteristic of his office (1 Samuel 2:18,28 ; 14:3 ). That of the High Priest was embroidered with divers colours
Annas - 7, in his 37th year, to the High Priesthood by Quirinius, the imperial governor of Syria; obliged to give way to Ismael by Valerius Gratus, procurator of Judaea, in the beginning of Tiberius' reign, A. Annas is put before Caiaphas, and both are called "high priests (Luke 3:2). Jesus' case was first heard before Annas, who virtually wielded the High Priest's power, and perhaps was sagan, the High Priest's deputy; then He was tried before Caiaphas. Annas probably was president of the Sanhedrin, Caiaphas actually High Priest. But in Acts 4:6 Annas is called "high priest," Caiaphas, John, and Alexander are called "of his kindred. " He lived to old age, and had five sons High Priests
Breastplate - Exodus 25:7 (c) The High Priest wore a breastplate in which were brilliant stones, each one bearing the name of one of the tribes of Israel. This is a figure of the nearness to GOD and dearness of each believer wherein his own High Priest carries him on His breast close to His heart
Amariah - High Priest at a later period, a son of Azariah, and father of another Ahitub, 1 Chronicles 6:11
Day of Atonement - The 19th day of the 7th Jewish month, Tishri (September - October), a day of solemn fast, when, in ancient times, two buck goats were brought to the High Priest, who sacrificed one of them for sin, while the other, the scapegoat, was thereafter led forth into the wilderness to carry away all the iniquities of the people
Emerald - , the "glowing stone", probably the carbuncle, a precious stone in the breastplate of the High Priest
Holy of Holies - No one was permitted to enter it except the High Priest, and that only once a year
Topaz - It was the second stone in the first row in the breastplate of the High Priest, and had the name of Simeon inscribed on it (Exodus 28:17 )
Sanballat - His daughter became the wife of one of the sons of Joiada, a son of the High Priest, much to the grief of (Nehemiah 13:28 )
Baths - The High Priest at his inauguration (Leviticus 8:6 ), and on the day of atonement, was required to bathe himself (16:4,24)
Breeches - They were worn by the High Priest on the Day of Atonement and by other priests on other ceremonial occasions (Exodus 28:42 ; Exodus 39:28 ; Leviticus 6:10 ; Leviticus 16:4 ; Ezekiel 44:18 )
Tertul'Lus - (diminutive from Tertius ), "a certain orator," ( Acts 24:1 ) who was retained by the High Priest and Sanhedrin to accuse the apostle Paul at Caesarea before the Roman procurator Antonius Felix
Phinehas - Anointed High Priest after his father’s death
Atonement, Day of - The 19th day of the 7th Jewish month, Tishri (September - October), a day of solemn fast, when, in ancient times, two buck goats were brought to the High Priest, who sacrificed one of them for sin, while the other, the scapegoat, was thereafter led forth into the wilderness to carry away all the iniquities of the people
High Priest - It is a title of Christ in the New Testament: "a merciful and faithful High Priest before God" (Hebrews 2)
Eliashib - A High Priest in the days of Nehemiah, who took part in rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem, Nehemiah 3:1
High Priest - We find from the very first the following characteristic attributes of Aaron and the High Priests his successors, as distinguished from the other priests: Aaron alone was anointed, (Leviticus 8:12 ) whence one of the distinctive epithets of the High Priest was "the anointed priest. The High Priest had a peculiar dress, which passed to his successor at his death. The bells were to give a sound when the High Priest went in and came out of the holy place. (g) The breeches or drawers, of linen, covered the loins and thighs; and (h) The bonnet was a turban of linen, partially covering the head, but not in the form of a cone like that of the High Priest when the mitre was added to it. The High Priest alone was permitted to enter the holy of holies, which he did once a year, on the great day of atonement, when he sprinkled the blood of the sin offering on the mercy seat, and burnt incense within the veil ( Leviticus 16:1 ) . The manslayer might not leave the city of refuge during the lifetime of the existing High Priest. It was also forbidden to the High Priest to follow a funeral, or rend his clothes for the dead. It does not appear by whose authority the High Priests were appointed to their office before there were kings of Israel. Though at first chosen for life, we find that Solomon deposed Abiathar, (1 Kings 2:35 ) and that Herod appointed a number of High Priests, which may account for there being at least two living in Christ's time, Annas and Caiaphas. (Luke 3:2 ) The usual are for entering upon the functions of the priesthood, according to (2 Chronicles 31:17 ) is considered to have been 20 years, though a priest or High Priest was not actually incapacitated if he had attained to puberty. The theological view of the High Priesthood does not fall within the scope of this work. It must suffice therefore to indicate that such a view would embrace the consideration of the office, dress, functions and ministrations of the High Priest considered as typical of the priesthood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and as setting forth under shadows the truths which are openly taught under the gospel
Urim And Thummim - (yoo' rihm uhnd Thuhm' mihm) Objects Israel, and especially the High Priest, used to determine God's will. They are first mentioned in Exodus as being kept by the High Priest in a “breastplate of judgment” (Exodus 28:15-30 ). See Oracles ; Lots ; High Priest
Abiathar - Son of Ahimelech the High Priest. He became an adherent of David, and was acknowledged as High Priest; but becoming involved in Adonijah's rebellion he was deprived of the priesthood by Solomon and sent to dwell in the city of Anathoth which belonged to the sons of Aaron. Our Lord in Mark 2:26 speaks of Abiathar as High Priest, in connection with David eating the showbread, doubtless because he afterwards attained to that office
e'li - ) he was the first of the line of Ithamar who held the office of High Priest. (1 Samuel 4:18 ) In addition to the office of High Priest he held that of judge. He died at the advanced age of 98 years, (1 Samuel 4:18 ) In addition to the office of High Priest he held that of judge
Eleazar - When Aaron became High Priest, his four sons became his priest-assistants (Exodus 28:1-4). ...
God had prepared Eleazar to succeed Aaron as High Priest (cf. God directed that when Moses died, the new leader Joshua would not speak to God face to face as Moses had, but would receive God’s instructions through the High Priest Eleazar (Numbers 27:18-23)
Chief Priest - Jewish, the equivalent of High Priest. It is more frequently used in the plural, especially in the New Testament, to designate the actual and the ex-high priests. According to Flavius Josephus, the sons of High Priestly families also bore that title
Shimon ben shetach - Together with his colleague, the High Priest Joshua ben Gamla, he instituted a public educational system so that all children could learn Torah
Simeon ben shetach, rabbi - Together with his colleague, the High Priest Joshua ben Gamla, he instituted a public educational system so that all children could learn Torah
Crates - A deputy left in charge of the citadel at Jerusalem (Acra) when the regular governor, Sostratus, was summoned to Antioch by Antiochus Epiphanes, in consequence of a dispute with the High Priest Menelaus ( 2Ma 4:29 )
Ethnarch - It is used also of Simon the High Priest ( 1Ma 14:47 ; 1Ma 15:1-2 )
Jasper - The last stone in the breastplate of the High Priest, and the first in the foundations of the new Jerusalem
Jethro - Idolatrous High Priest of Midian
Ahi'Tub - ) ...
Son of Amariah, and father of Zadok the High Priest, (1 Chronicles 6:7,8 ; 2 Samuel 8:17 ) of the house of Eleazar
Ahim'Elech -
Son of Ahitub, (1 Samuel 22:11,12 ) and High Priest of Nob in the days of Saul
Day of Atonement - ) on which the High Priest entered the inner sanctuary of the Temple to make reconciling sacrifices for the sins of the entire nation (Leviticus 16:16-28 ). The High Priest was prohibited from entering this most holy place at any other time on pain of death (Leviticus 16:2 ). The days' ritual required the High Priest to bathe and be dressed in pure linen garments as a symbol of purity (Leviticus 16:4 ). After burning incense before the mercy seat in the inner sanctuary, the High Priest sprinkled the blood from the bull on and in front of the mercy seat ( Leviticus 16:14 ). The High Priest confessed all of the people's sins over the head of the live goat which was lead away and then released in the wilderness (1618089958_9 )
Caiaphas (2) - CAIAPHAS (Καιάφας; according to Josephus, ‘Joseph Caiaphas’) was appointed High Priest of the Jews in or soon after a. He is referred to as the High Priest in Luke 3:2 (with Annas), Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:57, and is mentioned along with Annas, John, and Alexander among the heads of the Sanhedrin in Acts 4:6. When, after the raising of Lazarus, the ‘high priests and Pharisees’ held a meeting of the Sanhedrin (informal, as Caiaphas does not appear to have presided), it was Caiaphas who gave the ironically prophetic advice that it was expedient that one man should die for the people (John 11:50). In saying that ‘being High Priest that same year he prophesied,’ the Evangelist does no more than claim for the theocratic head of the nation the function which might be supposed to be latent in his office (cf. John of the statement that Caiaphas was High Priest ‘that same year’ (Authorized Version; Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘that year’) has been made the ground of charging the Fourth Evangelist with ignorance of the fact that the High Priest might hold office for more than one year. Meyer and Edersheim, against Westcott) that Authorized Version may be correct, and that the High Priest referred to in John 18:15; John 18:19; John 18:22 was Caiaphas. According to the narrative of the Synoptists, it was to Caiaphas the ‘high priest,’ or the ‘house of Caiaphas,’ that Jesus was led, and there, at the (irregular) meeting of the Sanhedrin at daybreak (Matthew 26:59, Mark 14:55, Luke 22:66), Caiaphas presided; and it was he who brought the trial to a conclusion by declaring Jesus guilty of blasphemy, and demanding sentence upon Him. ...
Caiaphas appears again in Acts 4:6 in company with Annas and others, as initiating the persecution of the Apostles, and in the later proceedings is probably the ‘high priest’ referred to in Acts 5:17; Acts 5:21; Acts 5:27; Acts 7:1; Acts 9:1
Malchus - Reigning, the personal servant or slave of the High Priest Caiaphas
Phinehas - He was the third High Priest, from the first order of the priesthood
Joiada - High Priest about 425 B
Tobi'Jah - ) ...
One of the captivity in the time of Zechariah, in whose presence the prophet ,as commanded to take crowns of silver and gold and put them on the head of Joshua the High Priest
Breastplate - In Jewish antiquity, a part of the vestment of the High Priest, consisting of a folded piece of the rich embroidered stuff of which the ephod was made
Onyx - The precious stone in each shoulder piece of the ephod, and one of those in the breastplate of the High Priest
Assassins, the - Josephus says that at Felix’s suggestion they murdered Jonathan son of Ananus, the High Priest ( Ant
Jasper - The sardius and the jasper, of similar color, were the first and last stones on the breastplate of the High Priest, Exodus 28:17,20
Aaron - First High Priest and patriarch of the Priestly Family
Atonement, the Day of - On this occasion only the High Priest was permitted to enter into the holy of holies. After various sacrifices and ceremonies the goat upon which the lot " For Jehovah " had fallen was slain and the High Priest sprinkled its blood before the mercy-seat in the same manner as he had done that of the bullock. At this time no one besides the High Priest was suffered to be present in the holy place. The purification of the holy of holies and of the holy place being thus completed, the High Priest laid his hands upon the head of the goat on which the lot " For Azazel " had fallen and confessed over it all the sins of the people. The High Priest after this returned into the holy place bathed himself again, put on his usual garments of office, and offered the two rams as burnt offerings, one for himself and one for the people.
The white garments of the High Priest. The High Priest himself, with his person cleansed and dressed in white garments, was the best outward type which a living man could present in his own person of that pure and holy One who was to purify his people and to cleanse them from their sins
Hor - Place where Aaron, the High Priest, died, fulfilling God's word that he would be punished for rebelling at the water of Meribah (Numbers 20:22-29 ; Numbers 33:38-39 ). Moses installed Aaron's son Eleazar as High Priest on the mountain
uz'zi -
Son of Bukki and father of Zerahiah, in the line of the High Priests. (1 Chronicles 6:5,61 ; Ezra 7:4 ) Though Uzzi was the lineal ancestor of Zadok, it does not appear that he was ever High Priest. (Nehemiah 11:22 ) ...
A priest, chief of the father's house of Jedaiah, in the time of Joiakim the High Priest
Breastplate - The name of a part of the official dress of the Jewish High Priest. See High Priest
Abiathar - the son of Ahimelech, and the tenth High Priest among the Jews, and fourth in descent from Eli. There he continued in the quality of High Priest; but Saul, out of aversion to Ahimelech, whom he imagined to have betrayed his interests, transferred the dignity of the High Priesthood from Ithamar's family into that of Eleazar, by conferring this office upon Zadok. Thus there were, at the same time, two High Priests in Israel, Abiathar with David, and Zadok with Saul
Censer - But Aaron was told to take "the censer" (Hebrew), namely, that of the sanctuary or of the High Priest, and make atonement to stay the plague (Numbers 16:46). On the day of atonement the High Priest was to carry the censer of the golden altar within the most holy place, and put the incense on the fire in the censer "before the Lord" (Leviticus 16:12-13). had the golden censer "does not mean it was deposited there, for then the High Priest would have had to go in and bring it out before burning incense in it, but that the golden censer was one of the articles belonging to the yearly service in the holiest place; it was taken into the holiest on that anniversary by the High Priest
Mitre - ]'>[2] is used exclusively of the characteristic headdress of the Jewish High Priest. ’ This passage is our warrant for saying that the headdress prescribed for the High Priest in the Priests’ Code, consisting of mitre and diadem, is intended to signify that the High Priest shall unite in his person the highest office in both Church and State. ...
The headdress of the High Priest is always distinguished from that of his subordinates, for which see Bonnet
Embroider - The skill of the women in this art was seen in the preparation of the sacerdotal robes of the High Priest (Exodus 28 )
Eliashib - ...
...
A High Priest in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:22,23 )
Zadokites - See High Priest ; Priests and Levites; Zadok
Ephod - (Hebrew: aphad, clothe) ...
A robe of the High Priest, mentioned in the Old Testament, like the scapular worn externally by monks
Sceva - once having been High Priest, or else chief of the priests at Ephesus, or of one of the 24 courses
Zadok - Son of Ahitub, and one of the two High Priests in the time of David, Abiathar being the other. He joined David at Hebron, 1 Chronicles 12:28, and subsequently anointed Solomon king, 1 Kings 1:39, and was rewarded by Solomon for his faithful service by being made sole High Priest
Jehon'Athan - 6, when Joiakim was High Priest
Caiaphas, Joseph - Appointed High Priest (after Simon ben Camith) by the procurator Valerius Gratus, under Tiberius. (See ANNAS , his father-in-law, and father of five High Priests, besides having been High Priest himself, wielded a power equal to that of Caiaphas, whose deputy (sagan) he probably was. Hence he and Caiaphas are named as High Priests together (Luke 3:2); and the band led away the Lord to him first, then to Caiaphas (John 18:13-24). Annas is called the High Priest Acts 4:6, perhaps because he presided over the council (Sanhedrin)
High Priest - Besides those garments which he wore in common with all priests, there were four that were peculiar to himself as High Priest: ...
The "robe" of the ephod, all of blue, of "woven work," worn immediately under the ephod. The sounding of the bells intimated to the people in the outer court the time when the High Priest entered into the holy place to burn incense before the Lord (Exodus 28 ). This was the High Priest's distinctive vestment (1 Samuel 2:28 ; 14:3 ; 21:9 ; 23:6,9 ; 30:7 ). When the High Priest, clothed with the ephod and the breastplate, inquired of the Lord, answers were given in some mysterious way by the Urim and Thummim (1 Samuel 14:3,18,19 ; 23:2,4,9,11,12 ; 28:6 ; 2 Samuel 5:23 ). To the High Priest alone it was permitted to enter the holy of holies, which he did only once a year, on the great Day of Atonement, for "the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest" (Hebrews 9 ; 10 ). ...
The office, dress, and ministration of the High Priest were typical of the priesthood of our Lord (Hebrews 4:14 ; 7:25 ; 9:12 , etc. ...
It is supposed that there were in all eighty-three High Priests, beginning with Aaron (B. At its first institution the office of High Priest was held for life (but Compare 1 Kings 2:27 ), and was hereditary in the family of Aaron (Numbers 3:10 )
Throne - It denotes the seat of the High Priest in 1 Samuel 1:9 ; 4:13 , and of a provincial governor in Nehemiah 3:7 and Psalm 122:5
Ananias - ...
(3) Son of Nedebaios and High Priest about A
Emerald - Judah which means "praise" had his name graven on the emerald stone on the breastplate of the High Priest
Priest - The male descendants of Aaron were priests by birthright, and the firstborn, in regular succession, was entitled to the office of High Priest. 8, 9, lasted for seven days, and consisted in sacrifices, washings, the putting on of the holy garments, the sprinkling of blood, and anointing with oil The consecration of the High Priest was distinguished by pouring the sacred oil upon his head, Exodus 29:7; Exodus 30:22-33; Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 21:10; Leviticus 21:12; Psalms 133:2, in addition to the washing and the sprinkling with oil, etc. So Christ, our great High Priest, was anointed with the Holy Spirit. Peculiar garments were put upon the High Priest, Exodus 29:5-6; Exodus 29:29-30; Leviticus 8:7-9, and sacrifices were offered seven days. The High Priest's sacred garments, besides the drawers, linen tunic, and girdle of other priests, were four, Exodus 28:4; Exodus 28:39-43; Leviticus 8:7-9 : the robe of the ephod, Exodus 28:31-35; the ephod, with its "curious girdle," Exodus 28:6-12; the breast-plate, with the Urim and Thummim, vs. These garments were worn only when the High Priest was ministering in the sanctuary. The High Priest was to enter the Holy of Holies once a year on the day of atonement, to make expiation for the sins of the nation. The High Priest was president of the Sanhedrin in our Lord's time
Aaron (2) - ’ The other two passages refer to Aaron’s office as High Priest, and are directly concerned with the Christian doctrine of the priesthood of Christ. ’ It is as the representative High Priest that Aaron has been regarded as a type of Christ. Into the holiest place the High Priest was permitted to enter only once a year, and then in virtue of sacrifices offered for his own sins, as well as the people’s (Hebrews 9:7). Christ’s priesthood was ‘after the order of Melchizedek’ (Hebrews 6:20), eternal: His sacrifice was a spiritual one, offered once for all; it is impossible to think of the repetition on earth of that offering which ‘through (the) eternal Spirit’ (Hebrews 9:14) our glorified High Priest presents continually in ‘a more perfect tabernacle’ (Hebrews 9:11) in heaven itself, for us. The lines of Bishop Wordsworth’s hymn, ‘Now our heavenly Aaron enters, Through His blood within the veil,’ can be defended only in so far as the name Aaron is synonymous with High Priest. The personal name suggests just those limitations which the generic name avoids, and which the writer of Hebrews expressly warns us must on no account be attributed to our great High Priest who has passed into the heavens. So far as the doctrine of Christ is concerned, it is well to follow Scripture usage and to speak of Him as our Eternal High Priest, rather than to press an analogical or typical relation to Aaron, which fails at many cardinal points
Thummim - All we certainly know is that they were a certain divinely-given means by which God imparted, through the High Priest, direction and counsel to Israel when these were needed. They may have been, as some suppose, two small images, like the teraphim (Compare Judges 17:5 ; 18:14,17,20 ; Hosea 3:4 ), which were kept in the bag of the breastplate, by which, in some unknown way, the High Priest could give forth his divinely imparted decision when consulted
Breastplate - A piece of elaborate embroidery about nine inches square worn by the High Priest upon his breast. It was set with twelve stones with the name of one of the 12 tribes of Israel engraved on each stone; The breastplate was a special item worn by the High Priest as he ministered in the tabernacle or Temple
Caiaphas - The Jewish High Priest (A. His wife was the daughter of Annas, who had formerly been High Priest, and was probably the vicar or deputy (Heb
Annas - The son of Seth, and a High Priest of the Jews. After his deposition Annas continued to hold the title; and although Caiaphas, his son-in-law, was the actual High Priest, he was the ruling power. This power he retained for nearly fifty years, having had five sons in succession in the High Priest's office
High Priest (2) - HIGH PRIEST. —The terms ‘high priest’ and ‘chief priest’ in the NT represent the same original (ἀρχιερεύς), varied in translation to correspond with the uses of the term as explained below. The office of High Priest in the Jewish nation can be traced back to the early years of post-exilic times. It very soon became evident that this hope was impossible of fulfilment, and the secular functions, so far as they were exercised by the Jews, were merged in the duties of the High Priest. At the time of the Hasmonaean uprising, the assumption of High Priestly functions and title by this family was essential to the success of the revolt. Under the Roman supremacy, the fortunes of the political parties in Rome added to the tendencies that made for the disappearance of the last vestige of permanence in the High Priestly office, and at the time of Christ we find it entirely at the will of Rome, both as to appointment and tenure. Under these conditions there had grown up a caste of High Priestly families, descended from High Priests and otherwise connected with them; these formed a high aristocracy in Judaism, which was possessed of considerable authority, however difficult it may be to define the limits and extent of that influence. Very naturally the selection of the High Priest was made from these families. The numerous references in the Gospels are ordinarily to this High Priestly class, and when the Greek is so used it is translated ‘chief priests’ (see art. ...
As far as concerns the High Priest proper, he occupied the position of chief political authority among the Jews, as head of the Sanhedrin. 10) that there were 28 High Priests from the time of Herod to the destruction of Jerusalem. No fewer than six of the High Priests of the Herodian period are known to have been of his family. Other High Priests after the end of their term of service are stated to have held high positions at home and abroad, and it is possible that some of the Gospel references to high or chief priests are to this group of ex-high priests together with the officiating priest. ...
The High Priest was also at the head of the sacerdotal system, as the title, of course, implies. The very success of the High Priests centuries before, in uniting the two offices of religious and secular ruler, had operated to foster the development of a religion of a different sort. ...
The High Priest conducted the sacrifices only on special occasions. The Epistle to the Hebrews, on the other hand, makes much mention of the office in order by that means to portray more clearly the work of Jesus in behalf of men; but one will be disappointed who goes to this Epistle to discover what were the High Priestly functions at the time of Christ, or even to discover the theory of sacrifice and priesthood current in those days. In the real atonement Christ had a part similar to that played by the High Priest in the sensuous, temporary, typical atonement of the earlier dispensation. As the work wrought by Him for men surpassed that of the High Priest, so the terminology of the older dispensation is insufficient, and breaks down under the burden of the description. Jesus is not only the Mediator of the new covenant, the High Priest, but He is also the sacrifice itself
Abiathar - He is mentioned in Mark 2:25-26 ‘Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the High Priest, and did eat the shewbread?’ The Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885, however, translates, ‘when Abiathar was High Priest. In the Massoretic Text of 1 Samuel 21, 22 and in Psalms 52:2 (title) the High Priest is Ahimelech the son of Ahitub and the father of David’s friend Abiathar. It may readily be due to a mere lapsus memoriae or calami, Abiathar, David’s High Priest, being a much more familiar figure than his father, just as in Jeremiah 27:1 ‘Jehoiakim’ is a slip for Zedekiah
Haggedolim - Bible students have suggested that haggedolim is probably not a Hebrew proper name and have interpreted it as a copyists' change of an unfamiliar name for a more familiar word or title, an honorary title for a leading family, or a title for the High Priest
Turban - A distinctive headdress formed part of the garb of the High Priest (Exodus 28:4 ,Exodus 28:4,28:37 ,Exodus 28:37,28:39 ; Exodus 29:6 ; Exodus 39:28 ,Exodus 39:28,39:31 ; Leviticus 8:9 ; Leviticus 16:4 )
Eliashib - High Priest at Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah
Alexander jannaeus - He declared himself High Priest, killing or exiling most the Pharisaic leaders, as they considered him halachically unfit for this office
Annas - הָנָן, ‘merciful’ [1])...
Annas the son of Sethi, appointed High Priest by Quirinius in a. Josephus tells us that he was regarded as the most fortunate of men, for he had live sons who all held the office of High Priest (Ant. From the Fourth Gospel we learn that Joseph Caiaphas, the High Priest at the date of the Crucifixion, was a son-in-law of Annas (John 18:13). Being extremely wealthy, he was able to exert the powers of High Priest long after he was deposed. Both Josephus and the writers of the NT uniformly give the title ‘high priest’ not only to the actual occupant of the office at the time, but to all his predecessors who were still alive, as well as to all the more influential members of the families from which the High Priests were selected
Annas (2) - —High priest of the Jews from a. 6 to 15, and thereafter exercising commanding influence through his High Priestly rank and his family connexions. The son of one named Sethi, who is otherwise unknown, he was appointed High Priest by Quirinius, probably in a. The duration of his rule, and the fact that of his sons no fewer than five succeeded him at intervals in the High Priesthood (‘which has never happened to any other of our High Priests’), caused him to be regarded by his contemporaries as a specially successful man (Ant. On the other hand, he incurred in an unusual degree the unpopularity for which the High Priests were proverbial. 116) or on the Mount of Olives (Derenbourg), the profits of which enriched the High Priestly family. In Luke 3:2 (‘in the High Priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas’) he is linked with Caiaphas, who alone was actually High Priest at the time (a. In like manner in Acts 4:6 Annas appears at the head of the chiefs of the Sanhedrin in its action against the Apostles, though the actual president was the High Priest. The Evangelist, speaking with technical accuracy, refrains from calling him High Priest, and assigns as a reason for Jesus being led before Annas the relationship between Annas and Caiaphas
Joash - But Jehosheba, the sister of Ahaziah, and wife to the High Priest Jehoiada, rescued young Joash, then a child, from the cruelty of Athaliah, and lodged him in the temple with his nurse. Joash received the diadem, together with the book of the law, from the hands of Jehoiada, the High Priest, who, in the young king's name, made a covenant between the Lord, the king, and the people, for their future fidelity to God. He governed with justice and piety, so long as he was guided by the High Priest Jehoiada. Jehoiada dying at the age of a hundred and thirty years, Joash was misled by the evil counsel of his courtiers, who had before been restrained by the High Priest's authority. Then the Spirit of the Lord coming upon the High Priest Zechariah, son of Jehoiada, he reproved the people; but they who heard him stoned him, according to orders from their king. His servants then revolted against him, and killed him in his bed, by which the blood of Zechariah the High Priest was avenged
Bukki - Abishua's son; father of Uzzi; fifth in the High Priestly line through Eleazar from Aaron (1 Chronicles 6:5; 1 Chronicles 6:51). Abishua seems to have had the High Priesthood; but Bukki not so, the office having passed to the house of Ithamar, until Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, was made High Priest in David's reign
Nob - The tabernacle seems to have been here in the time of Saul, who, for the alleged favor shown by the High Priest Abimelech to David, destroyed the city, which was, however, afterwards rebuilt
Phinehas - Grandson of Aaron and High Priest who, on several occasions, aided Moses and Joshua
Sprinkle - Sprinkle, namely, with blood to atone for guilt, as the High Priest did (Leviticus 4:6; Leviticus 16:14; Leviticus 16:19), or with water for purifying (Numbers 19:18-21; Acts 2:33)
Adjure - Ahab to Micaiah, 1 Kings 22:16) And still higher than both, when Christ was adjured by the High Priest. " Those views of concealment, according to the law of Moses, serve to explain to us the nature of adjuration, and throw a light upon the conduct of our Lord, in that unequalled moment of his meek and humble demeanour, when he stood before the High Priest. "I adjure thee (said the High Priest) by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ the son of God
Diadem - Mitsnepheth is the turban of the High Priest ( Exodus 28:4 ,Exodus 28:4,28:39 ) or king (Ezekiel 21:26 ). Aaron the High Priest wore one (Exodus 28:37 ; Exodus 29:6 ; Leviticus 16:4 ; Zechariah 3:5 ) as did Queens Vashti (Esther 1:11 ) and Esther (Esther 2:17 ). ...
Tsaniph or tseniphah is the turban worn by a man ( Job 29:14 ) or woman (Isaiah 3:23 ) or by the king (Isaiah 62:3 ) or High Priest (Zechariah 3:5 )
Ananias - A High Priest of the Jews, the son of Nebedaeus. He was sent as a prisoner to Rome by Quadratus, the governor of Syria, and Jonathon was appointed in his place; but being discharged by the emperor Claudius, he returned to Palestine, and Jonathon being murdered through the treachery of Felix, Ananias appears to have performed the functions of the High Priest as a substitute, until Ishmael was appointed by Agrippa
Adjuration - The judge, king, or High Priest with official authority putting one on his solemn oath; entailing the obligation of witnessing (Leviticus 5:1). " Jesus, who, as the meek "Lamb dumb before His shearers," would not reply to false charges, when "adjured (exorkizo se ) by the living God," by the High Priest, to tell the truth whether He be the Christ the Son of God, witnessed the truth concerning His Messiahship and His future advent in glory as the Son of man, which immediately brought on Him sentence of death. We Christians can so far join with the High Priest's reply, "What further need have we of witnesses?" (Matthew 26:63-65
Aaron - ...
Aaron was chosen by GOD to be the High Priest, and GOD chose CHRIST to be our High Priest
Jeho-i'Ada - (1 Chronicles 18:17 ; 2 Samuel 8:18 ) ...
High priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah, B. ...
Second priest, or sagan, to Seraiah the High Priest
Hophni - Pugilist or client, one of the two sons of Eli, the High Priest (1 Samuel 1:3 ; 2:34 ), who, because he was "very old," resigned to them the active duties of his office
Churches, Robbers of - ]'>[2] ‘author of the sacrilege’) the expression is applied to Lysimachus, brother of Menelaus the High Priest, who perished in a riot caused by sacrilege (b
Yirmiyahu - (a) (5th century BCE) A contemporary of Zephaniah and Huldah, son of the High Priest Hilkiah
Caiaphas, Joseph - Appointed High Priest by the governor Valerius Gratus, A
Abishua - Son of Phinehas, fourth High Priest (1 Chronicles 6:50)
Doeg - Doeg afterwards falsely accused Abimelech, the High Priest, to Saul; and, when none of the king's guard would execute the ferocious sentence to slay the priests of the Lord, he fell upon them and killed 80 persons, sacking also their city
Aceldama - But it having been afterward bought with the money by which the High Priest and ruler of the Jews purchased the blood of Jesus, it was called Aceldama, or the Field of Blood
Arm - Thus God is said to have delivered his people from Egyptian bondage "with a stretched-out arm," Deuteronomy 5:15 ; and he thus threatens Eli the High Priest, "I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house,"...
1 Samuel 2:31 ; that is, I will deprive thee and thy family of power and authority
Adjuration - A solemn charge by one in authority to another to speak the truth under the obligation of an oath, as when Ahab adjured Micaiah, 1 Kings 22:16 , and when the High Priest adjured our Lord
Diamond - , the third in the second row, in the breastplate of the High Priest, with the name of Naphtali engraven on it (Exodus 28:18 ; 39:11 ; RSV marg
Mitre - The mitre formed part of the High Priest's garments (Exodus 28:4 ,Exodus 28:4,28:36-39 ) and was required dress on the day of atonement (Leviticus 16:4 ). In Zechariah 3:5 the High Priest Joshua received a clean mitre as a sign of the restoration of the priesthood
Onyx - shoham), a precious stone adorning the breast-plate of the High Priest and the shoulders of the ephod (Exodus 28:9-12,20 ; 35:27 ; Job 28:16 ; Ezekiel 28:13 )
Scarlet - It was one of the colours of the ephod (Exodus 28:6 ), the girdle (8), and the breastplate (15) of the High Priest
Breastplate - ) A part of the vestment of the High Priest, worn upon the front of the ephod
Helkias - The High Priest Hilkiah in Josiah’s reign
Captain of the Temple - The officer second in authority only to the High Priest
Urim And Thummim - (light and perfection, ) among the ancient Hebrews, a certain oracular manner of consulting God, which was done by the High Priest, dressed in his robes, and having on his pectoral, or breast-plate
Amariah - High Priest under Jehoshaphat, son of Azariah (1 Chronicles 6:11; 2 Chronicles 19:11), a seconder of that good king "in all matters of the Lord
Jeremiah - (a) (5th century BCE) A contemporary of Zephaniah and Huldah, son of the High Priest Hilkiah
Ahim'a-az -
Son of Zadok the High Priest in David's reign, and celebrated for his swiftness of foot
Gihon - Gihon was also the name of a fountain to the west of Jerusalem, at which Solomon was anointed king by the High Priest Zadok, and the Prophet Nathan, 1 Kings 1:33
Agate - The agate was the second stone in the third row of the pectoral of the High Priest, Exodus 28:19 ; Exodus 39:12
Ahimelech - The ninth High Priest of the Hebrews
Potiphera - probably High Priest of Rç, the Sun-god, in On
Incense - It was offered along with every meat-offering; and besides was daily offered on the golden altar in the holy place, and on the great day of atonement was burnt by the High Priest in the holy of holies (30:7,8)
Breastplate (1) - BREASTPLATE (of the High Priest). In the directions for the official dress of the High Priest, as laid down by the priestly writer, a prominent place is occupied by the breastplate or pectoral
Zadok - He was priest in the reign of David, and though Abiathar was called High Priest, at times Zadok is named before him. Abiathar was set aside by Solomon, and Zadok became High Priest
Caiaphas - High Priest of the Jews, A. These plots against Christ, Matthew 26:1-5 Mark 14:1 Luke 22:2 , led to his seizure, and he was brought first before Annas, formerly High Priest, who sent him to Caiaphas his son-in-law
Priest, Priesthood - So Christ is the great High Priest at the right hand of God, not for the world, but for His saints: "We have such an High Priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens. He was really Offering, Priest, and Victim in His own person, and, being perfected, is now the great High Priest above for the Christian
Zechariah - ZECHARIAH, son of Jehoiada, High Priest of the Jews; probably the same as Azariah, 1 Chronicles 6:10-11 . Like his contemporary Haggai, Zechariah begins with exhorting the Jews to proceed in the rebuilding of the temple; he promises them the aid and protection of God, and assures them of the speedy increase and prosperity of Jerusalem; he then emblematically describes the four great empires, and foretels the glory of the Christian church when Jews and Gentiles shall be united under their great High Priest and Governor, Jesus Christ, of whom Joshua the High Priest, and Zerubbabel the governor, were types; he predicts many particulars relative to our Saviour and his kingdom, and to the future condition of the Jews
Sanhedrin - Or BETHDIN, house of judgment, was a council of seventy senators among the Jews, usually with the addition of the High Priest as president, who determined the most important affairs of the nation. It decided causes brought before it by appeal from inferior courts; and even the king, the High Priest, and the prophets, were under its jurisdiction
Bells - Moses ordered that the lower part of the blue robe, which the High Priest wore in religious ceremonies, should be adorned with pomegranates and bells, intermixed alternately, at equal distances. The ancient kings of Persia are said to have had the hem of their robes adorned like that of the Jewish High Priest, with pomegranates and golden bells. It was, in all probability, with some such design of giving notice that the High Priest was passing, that he also wore little bells at the hem of his robe. The palace of kings was not to be entered without due notice, by striking some sonorous body, much less the sanctuary of God; and the High Priest did, by the sound of his bells at the bottom of his robe, ask leave to enter
Azari'ah - (1 Chronicles 6:9 ) He appears from (1 Kings 4:2 ) to have succeeded Zadok, his grandfather, in the High Priesthood, in the reign of Solomon, Ahimaaz having died before Zadok. (1 Chronicles 6:10 ) He must have been High Priest in the reign of Abijah and Asa. 8, was a remarkable prophet in the days of King Asa, and a contemporary of Azariah the son of Johanan the High Priest, and of Hanani the seer. (2 Chronicles 23:1 ) ...
The High Priest in the reign of Uzziah king of Judah. (2 Chronicles 29:12 ) ...
The High Priest in the days of Hezekiah. He succeeded Urijah, who was High Priest in the reign of Ahaz
Abiathar - ) The only son of Ahimelech, the High Priest, who escaped the slaughter committed by Saul at Nob, on Doeg's information that Ahimelech had inquired of the Lord for David, and given him the shewbread and the sword of Goliath (1 Samuel 22). Abiathar, with an ephod (the High Priest's mystic scarf) in his hand, escaped to David. David had evidently for some time previous given the first place in his confidence to Zadok, a preference the more galling as Abiathar was the High Priest and Zadok only his vicar, or sagan; thus it was to Zadok he gave the command to take the ark back in Absalom's rebellion. ...
Perhaps Zadok was appointed High Priest by Saul after the slaughter of Ahimelech. Solomon banished him to Anathoth, and put Zadok as High Priest in his room (1 Kings 2:35). The Lord Jesus (Mark 2:26) names Ahimelech as the High Priest in whose time David ate the shewbread. Probably the sense is: "in the days of Ahimelech, who was afterward High Priest," and under whom the record of the fact would be made
Ananias - was the son of Nebedaeus, High Priest of the Jews. Quadratus, governor of Syria, coming into Judaea, on the rumours which prevailed among the Samaritans and Jews, sent the High Priest Ananias to Rome, to vindicate his conduct to the emperor. The High Priest justified himself, was acquitted, and returned. " He had scarcely spoken this, when the High Priest, Ananias, commanded those who were near him to smite him on the face. The Apostle immediately replied, "God shall judge thee, thou whited wall; for, sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?" They that stood by said, "Revilest thou God's High Priest?" And Paul answered, "I wist not, brethren, that he was the High Priest; for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people. When it was known that the Apostle had arrived at Caesarea, Ananias the High Priest, and other Jews, went thither to accuse him; but the affair was adjourned, and St. When any of their companions fell into the hands of the governors of the province, and were about to be executed, they failed not to seize some domestic or relation of the High Priest Ananias, that he might procure the liberty of their associates, in exchange for those whom they detained
Incense - The incense used in worship was to be prepared according to exacting specifications and was to be offered only by the High Priest
Huldah - She was consulted regarding the "book of the law" discovered by the High Priest Hilkiah (2 Kings 22:14-20 ; 2 Chronicles 34:22-28 )
Adjuration - We have in the New Testament a striking example of this (Matthew 26:63 ; Mark 5:7 ), where the High Priest calls upon Christ to avow his true character
Ahimaaz - ...
The son and successor of Zadok in the office of High Priest (1Chronicles 6:8,53)
Jaddua - Successor of Jonathan or Johanan in the High Priesthood. The last High Priest and the latest name in Old Testament, supposing 1 Chronicles 3:22-24 corrupt
Pontiff - or High Priest, a person who has the superintendence and direction of divine worship, as the offering of sacrifices and other religious solemnities
Mercy Seat - " We come to the Lord JESUS, both as our High Priest, and also as our Mercy Seat, that we may confess our failures and receive again the cleansing of the precious Blood
Antiochians - The leader of this Hellenizing party, Jason, brother of the High Priest Onias III
Arius - 265, and he was contemporary with the High Priest Onias I
Ephod - There were two sorts one of plain linen, the other embroidered for the High Priest
Jehoiarib - ( Nehemiah 12:6 ) and of the High Priest Joiakim ( Nehemiah 12:19 )
Beth-Shemesh - (See Numbers 4:5; Num 4:15; Num 4:20) How blessedly the Holy Ghost testifieth of Christ, that he took not upon him the office of High Priest uncalled of JEHOVAH A glorious consideration to all his people
Amethyst - A precious stone in the third row of the breastplate of the High Priest, Exodus 28:19 ; Exodus 39:12 ; and the twelfth stone in the foundations of the wall of the heavenly Jerusalem
Anathoth - City assigned to the priests in the territory of Benjamin, where Abiathar the High Priest had his own 'fields,' and where Jeremiah was born: its inhabitants persecuted the prophet
Eleazar - The third son of Aaron, and High Priest after him, Exodus 6:23 ; Numbers 20:25-28 . The High Priesthood continued in his family through seven generations; till the time of Eli, when we find it transferred to the line of Ithamar
Eli - A High Priest of the Jews, the first in the line of Ithamar, 1 Samuel 2:27
Eli'Ashib - (1 Chronicles 3:24 ) ...
High priest at Jerusalem at the time of the rebuilding of the walls under Nehemiah
Emerald, - This gem was the first in the second row on the breastplate of the High Priest
Ahimelech - He was the son of Ahitub, and brother of Ahia, whom he succeeded in the High Priesthood. He therefore went to Nob, to the High Priest Ahimelech, who gave him the shew bread, and the sword of Goliath. One day, when Saul was complaining of his officers, that no one was affected with his misfortunes, or gave him any intelligence of what was carrying on against him, 1 Samuel 22:9 , &c, Doeg related to him what had occurred when David came to Ahimelech the High Priest
Jehoash - His uncle, the High Priest Jehoiada, brought him forth to public notice when he was eight years of age, and crowned and anointed him king of Judah with the usual ceremonies. While the High Priest lived, Jehoash favoured the worship of God and observed the law; but on his death he fell away into evil courses, and the land was defiled with idolatry. Zechariah, the son and successor of the High Priest, was put to death
Oil, Olive - , coronation of kings, consecration of the High Priest, and ordination of the Levites, and was prominent in Mosaic ordinances (Exodus 30; Leviticus 8; Deuteronomy 28)
Olive Oil - , coronation of kings, consecration of the High Priest, and ordination of the Levites, and was prominent in Mosaic ordinances (Exodus 30; Leviticus 8; Deuteronomy 28)
Mitre - mitsnepheth), something rolled round the head; the turban or head-dress of the High Priest (Exodus 28:4,37,39 ; 29:6 , etc
Bonnet - In Exodus 28:40 ; 29:9 it is the translation of a different Hebrew word (migba'ah), which denotes the turban (RSV, "head-tire") of the common priest as distinguished from the mitre of the High Priest
Ap - In those days perhaps it referred also to the lack of a High Priest who would be faithful to GOD, or also to a godly king who would stand between an angry GOD and a disobedient people
Antonia - It was originally a place in which were kept the vestments of the High Priest
Malchus - High Priest's servant whose ear Peter cut off (John 18:10 ). Possibly Luke desired to stress Jesus' compassion in the midst of His passion (compare Luke 23:28 ,Luke 23:28,23:34 ,Luke 23:34,23:43 ) or respect shown to the High Priest and his representative (compare Acts 23:4 )
Shoulder - The High Priest had the names of the twelve tribes on his shoulders, as in a place of safety
Palace - the palace of the High Priest, αὐλή, signifies his court
Ahitub - Father of Zadok, the High Priest under David and Solomon (2 Samuel 8:17 )
Needlework, - It is typical of the graces and glories which combine in the person of our great High Priest the Lord Jesus Christ
Azariah - High Priest under Solomon (1 Kings 4:2 ) listed as son of Zadok (1 Kings 4:2 ) or of Ahimaaz (1 Chronicles 6:9 ), the son of Zadok (2 Samuel 15:27 ). High Priest, son of Johanan (1 Chronicles 6:10 ). High Priest, son of Hilkiah (1 Chronicles 6:13-14 ) and father of Seraiah, who is listed as Ezra's father (Ezra 7:1 ). Two military commanders of 100 men who helped Jehoiada, the High Priest, depose and murder Athaliah as queen of Judah and install Joash as king (835-796). High Priest who led 80 priests to oppose King Uzziah of Judah (792-740) when he tried to burn incense in the Temple rather than let the priests. Son of Meraioth in the list of High Priests and father of Amariah (Ezra 7:3 ) Since list in Ezra is incomplete, this Azariah may be same as 6
Aaron - "...
After the tabernacle was built, Moses consecrated Aaron to the High Priesthood with the holy oil, and invested him with his priestly robes,—his garments "of glory and beauty;" but Aaron's weakness was again manifested in concurring with Miriam, his sister, to censure and oppose Moses, through envy. ...
Aaron himself became also the object of jealousy; but two miraculous interpositions confirmed him in his office of High Priest, as of Divine appointment. From the two others the succession of High Priests was continued in Israel. The PRIESTHOOD being established in Aaron and his family, the nature of this office among the Israelites, and the distinction between the High Priest and the other priests, require here to be pointed out. The High Priesthood was confined to the first-born in succession; and the rest of his posterity were priests simply so called, or priests of the second order. Both in the High Priest and the second or inferior priests, two things deserve notice,—their consecration and their office. In their consecration they differed thus: the High Priest had the chrism, or sacred ointment, poured upon his head, so as to run down to his beard, and the skirts of his garment, Exodus 30:23 ; Leviticus 8:12 ; Psalms 133:2 . The High Priest wore at the ordinary times of his ministration in the temple, eight garments;—linen drawers—a coat of fine linen close to his skin—an embroidered girdle of fine linen, blue and scarlet, to surround the coat—a robe all of blue with seventy-two bells, and as many embroidered pomegranates upon the skirts of it; this was put over the coat and girdle—an ephod of gold, and of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine linen, curiously wrought, on the shoulders of which were two stones engraved with the names of the twelve tribes; this was put over the robe, and girt with a curious girdle of the same—a breastplate, about a span square, wrought with gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine linen, and fastened upon the ephod by golden chains and rings; in this breastplate were placed the urim and thummim, also twelve several stones, containing the names of the twelve tribes—a mitre of fine linen, sixteen cubits long, to wrap round his head—and lastly, a plate of gold, or holy crown, two fingers broad, whereon was engraved, "Holiness to the Lord;" this was tied with blue lace upon the front of the mitre. The priest and High Priest differed also in their marriage restrictions; for the High Priest might not marry a widow, nor a divorced woman, nor a harlot, but a virgin only; whereas the other priests might lawfully marry a widow, Leviticus 21:7 . ...
In the following particulars the High Priest and inferior priests agreed in their consecration; both were to be void of bodily blemish—both were to be presented to the Lord at the door of the tabernacle—both were to be washed with water—both were to be consecrated by offering up certain sacrifices—both were to have the blood of a ram put upon the tip of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the great toe of the right foot, Exodus 29:20 . ...
In the discharge of their offices, the High Priest differed from the other priests in these particulars: the High Priest only, and that but once a year, might enter into the holy of holies—the High Priest might not mourn for his nearest relations by uncovering his head, or tearing any part of his garments, except the skirt; whereas the priest was allowed to mourn for these six,—father, mother, son, daughter, brother, and sister if she had no husband, Leviticus 21:2 ; Leviticus 21:10-11 ; but they agreed in these respects; they both burnt incense and offered sacrifices—they both sounded the trumpet, either as an alarm in war, or to assemble the people and their rulers—they both slew the sacrifices—both instructed the people—and both judged of leprosy. ...
For the more orderly performance of these offices, the High Priest had his sagan, who, in case of the High Priest's pollution, performed his duty. The High Priest and his sagan resembled our bishop and his suffragan. Aaron was a TYPE of Christ, not personally, but as the High Priest of the Jewish church. As the High Priest
Phinehas -
Son of Eleazar, the High Priest (Exodus 6:25 ). ) ...
...
One of the sons of Eli, the High Priest ( 1 Samuel 1:3 ; 2:12 )
Mitre - The head-dress of the High Priest. " In Zechariah 3:1-8 , where Joshua the High Priest, as a representative of the people, is delivered from the resistance of Satan, and is cleansed, a fair mitre (tsaniph , a kindred word to the above) is set upon his head, and he is clothed with garments
Eleazar - After the death of his brothers Nadab and Abihu, he was placed at the head of the Levites, Numbers 3:32, and subsequently succeeded his father as High Priest. His death is mentioned, Joshua 24:33, but not the time of it: perhaps it was near that of Joshua, He was succeeded as High Priest by his son Phinehas
Ophrah - He then assumed the function of High Priest, and sought to make Ophrah what Shiloh should have been
Jason - A Jewish High Priest during the final years of Seleucid control of Palestine
Amethyst - One of the precious stones in the breastplate of the High Priest (Exodus 28:19 ; 39:12 ), and in the foundation of the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:20 )
Urijah -
A High Priest in the time of Ahaz (2 Kings 16:10-16 ), at whose bidding he constructed an idolatrous altar like one the king had seen at Damascus, to be set up instead of the brazen altar
Omen - Companions of the High Priest Joshua were a good omen (NRSV) or a symbol (NAS) of hope for a restored people of God ( Zechariah 3:8 )
Ahitub - Amariah's son, and Zadok the High Priest's father, or rather grandfather (1 Chronicles 6:7-8; 2 Samuel 8:17). High Priest, 1 Chronicles 9:11
Alexander Balas - In their struggle for the throne the rivals sought to outbid each other for the support of Jonathan Maccabæus, who elected to side with Alexander, and was appointed High Priest by him (b
Martyrs - (Some sources replace some of the names above with Rabbi Hananiah the Deputy High Priest, Rabbi Judah ben Teima, Rabbi Judah the Baker, and Rabbi Tarfon
Ten martyrs - (Some sources replace some of the names above with Rabbi Hananiah the Deputy High Priest, Rabbi Judah ben Teima, Rabbi Judah the Baker, and Rabbi Tarfon
Engraving - The cutting of words or designs on precious stones, as the names of the tribes on the breastplate and the shoulder-pieces of the High Priest; and the words "Holiness to the Lord" on the plate of the mitre
Eleazar - the third son of Aaron, and his successor in the dignity of High Priest, Exodus 6:23 . The High Priesthood continued in his family till the time of Eli
Oracle - ...
Notes: Divine "oracles" were given by means of the breastplate of the High Priest, in connection with the service of the tabernacle, and the Sept
Jeshua - ...
...
The son of Jozadak, and High Priest of the Jews under Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 7:7 ; 12:1,7,10,26 ); called Joshua (Haggai 1:1,12 ; 2:2,4 ; Zechariah 3:1,3,6,8,9 )
Zebedee - It has been inferred from the mention of his "hired servants," Mark 1:20, and from the acquaintance between the apostle John and Annas the High Priest, John 18:15, that the family of Zebedee were in easy circumstances: comp
Cherish - The prince of Mecca a High Priest among the Mohammedans
Doeg - At Nob he witnessed the relief kindly furnished to David when fleeing from Saul, by Ahimelech the High Priest, and carried a malicious and distorted report of it to his master
Amari'ah -
Father of Ahitub according to (1 Chronicles 6:7,52 ) and son of Meraioth, in the line of the High Priests. ...
The High Priest in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Adversary, the - He also opposed Joshua, the High Priest
Ithamar - When Aaron and his four sons established Israel’s priestly order, Aaron became the High Priest and his sons were the priests who assisted him
Azariah - Son of Johanan, descendant of Zadok, apparently the first High Priest who ministered in Solomon's temple. Son of Hilkiah the High Priest in the time of Josiah. The High Priest who hindered Uzziah king of Judah from burning incense in the temple
Surety - Now, as in this passage a comparison is stated between Jesus, as a High Priest, and the Levitical High Priests; and as the latter were considered by the Apostle to be the mediators of the Sinai covenant, because through their mediation the Israelites worshipped God with sacrifices; it is evident that the Apostle in this passage terms Jesus the High Priest or Mediator of the better covenant, because, through his mediation, or in virtue of the sacrifice which he offered of himself to God, believers receive all the blessings of the new covenant. From the whole, therefore, it is plain that the word "surety" in this place is equivalent with that of mediator or High Priest
Jehoash - The only child to escape her massacre was the year-old Joash, who was rescued by his aunt (wife of the High Priest) and brought up secretly in the temple. After six years the High Priest led a successful revolution that saw Athaliah killed, Baalism removed, and the child Joash placed on the Davidic throne (835 BC; 2 Kings 11). ...
The most influential person in Judah at that time was Jehoiada the High Priest, who trained and instructed Joash
Alexander - At the same time he wrote to Jaddus, High Priest of the Jews, that he expected to be acknowledged by him, and to receive from him the same submission which had hitherto been paid to the king of Persia. Jaddus obeyed; and Alexander perceiving this company approaching, hastened toward the High Priest, whom he saluted. He then adored God, whose name was engraven on a thin plate of gold, worn by the High Priest upon his forehead. Parmenio alone ventured to ask him why he adored the Jewish High Priest; Alexander replied, that he paid this respect to God, and not to the High Priest. "For," added he, "whilst I was yet in Macedonia, I saw the God of the Jews, who appeared to me in the same form and dress as the High Priest at present, and who encouraged me and commanded me to march boldly into Asia, promising that he would be my guide, and give me the empire of the Persians. "...
Having said this, Alexander accompanies Jaddus to Jerusalem, where he offered sacrifices in the temple according to the directions of the High Priest. The High Priest desired only the liberty of living under his government according to their own laws, and an exemption from tribute every seventh year, because in that year the Jews neither tilled their grounds, nor reaped their fruits. ...
On the account above given of the interview between Alexander and the Jewish High Priest, by Josephus, many doubts have been cast by critics
Antonia, Tower of - 6 that served as a palace residence for King Herod, barracks for the Roman troops, a safe deposit for the robe of the High Priest, and a central courtyard for public speaking. Herod required that the vestments of the High Priest be kept in the tower to maintain control over the worship festivals of the Jews
High Priest - ...
The High Priest's special designation, "the priest that is anointed" (Leviticus 4:3), implies a marked distinction between his anointing and theirs, besides what was common to both, namely, the "sprinkling. Christ, the antitypical High Priest, was anointed with the fullness of the Spirit (Daniel 9:24; Acts 10:38; John 3:34); from Him the Spirit in measure streams on His members who touch by faith the hem of His garment (Matthew 9:20; John 1:16). Besides the girdle common to all the priests the High Priest wore also the curious girdle of the ephod. Of eight articles of priestly dress the coat or tunic, girdle, breeches, and bonnet or turban belonged also to the common priests; the breast-plate, ephod with the curious girdle, mitre (instead of the ordinary priest's turban) and robe of the ephod were peculiar to the High Priest. The High Priest alone entered the holy of holies once a year; but we have "boldness to enter" it through the rent veil of Christ's flesh continually (Hebrews 10:19-20). The High Priest's death prefigured Christ's who sets the bloodstained captive free (Numbers 35:25). ...
Answers were given by Jehovah to the High Priest (John 11:51) while wearing them and the ephod (1 Samuel 14:3; 1618089958_9; 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 5:23; Judges 20:28). Joshua the High Priest represented the nation on its trial before God, at first in filthy garments to represent its guilt, Satan accusing; then by Messiah's intercession justified; therefore the filthy garments are removed and a change of raiment is given and a fair mitre put on his head (Zechariah 3). ...
Thus "the breast-plate of righteousness" or "judgment" symbolizes Israel's 12 tribes accepted on the ground of the High Priest's sacrificial intercession before God (Numbers 23:21). Israel's justification in the person of her High Priest is the ground of her receiving through him communications of God's will. ) The ephod consisted of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and "fine twined linen," wrought in "work of the skilled weaver"; the High Priest's distinctive vestment (1 Samuel 2:28; 1 Samuel 14:3; 1 Samuel 21:9; 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7) to which "the breast-plate of judgment" was attached (Exodus 28:6-12; Exodus 28:25-28; Exodus 39:2-7). ...
The bells' sound heard from within the veil by those outside assured them that the High Priest, though out of sight, was ministering in their behalf, and acceptably before God, for otherwise he would have been smitten with death, which the sounding bells showed he was not. The bonnet or turban, of linen, for the head, but not in cone shape as the High Priest's mitre. The High Priest's successors were inaugurated by wearing these eight articles of dress seven successive days. ) They were kept in the Baris built by Hyrcanus for the purpose, and called Antonia by Herod, to be along with the High Priesthood at the king's disposal. The High Priest in his robes of glory and beauty in Josephus' time entered the temple before all the people on the great Day of Atonement, then in secret in obedience to the law (Leviticus 16:4; Leviticus 16:24) assumed his linen garments alone and made expiation; afterward resuming his splendid robes, he appeared before the people (Bell. )...
A sagan or deputy, next in dignity to the High Priest, was often appointed; "the second priest" (2 Kings 23:4; 2 Kings 25:18). He was memunnek , "prefect of the temple," and officiated in the absence of the High Priest. 779), and Joseph or Caiaphas, his son-in-law, was made High Priest (John 18:13). Annas retained in the Jews' feeling the lawful High Priesthood, and had influence enough to get his five sons successively appointed; as sagan he evaded the Roman deposition and kept his power. Any blemish or illegitimate birth debarred from the High Priesthood. The epistle to the Hebrew explains the antitypical meaning of the High Priesthood, realized in Christ. ...
"A merciful and faithful High Priest, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people" (Hebrews 2:17). "Passed into the heavens" (Hebrews 4:14) "to appear in the presence of God for us," as our advocating High Priest within the heavenly veil (Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 7:25). ...
The High Priest's obligation to marry a wife in her virginity answers to the bride of the Lamb (2 Corinthians 11:2; Revelation 14:4). The High Priest's ephod of gold, blue, and purple represents the lovely graces of His manhood. The High Priest's consecration at the tabernacle door with washing in water, arraying in priestly vestments, anointing with costly oil, and sanctifying with sacrifices, answer to Christ's baptism with water, anointing with the Holy Spirit, and clothing with His curiously wrought body (Hebrews 10:5; Psalms 139:15). Like the High Priest, Christ sacrificed for, prays for, blesses, instructs, oversees the service of His people in the spiritual temple, blows the gospel trumpet, judges. ...
Having such a "high priest passed into the heavens," "over the house of God," we ought to "hold fast our profession," "without wavering," ever "drawing near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience" (Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 10:21-23). He appeared to John in His High Priestly long white garment and golden girdle (Revelation 1:13). The names of Israel's twelve tribes on the High Priest's shoulders and breast, as a memorial before the Lord continually, imply that the weight of our salvation is upon His shoulders, and our names on His heart before God (Song of Solomon 8:6), not one name is wanting (Isaiah 49:16; John 10:3; Revelation 2:17; Revelation 3:12). The curious girdle typifies His alacrity in ministering as our High Priest, as one girding up the loins for action (Hebrews 10:7; Luke 9:51). The High Priest could only marry a virgin or a priest's widow, typifying Christ's wedding to His Godhead our manhood in purity, and also wedding to Him the church and its members individually as "a chaste virgin" (Revelation 14:4; 2 Corinthians 11:2). ...
To draw nigh to God by any other High Priest, or to say self-sufficiently" all the congregation are holy," incurs Korah's guilt and penalty (Numbers 16). Abishua, was the last High Priest of Phinehas' line before Zadok. Down to David the High Priests officiated in Shiloh in Ephraim, Joshua's tribe; under David and thenceforth in Jerusalem of Judah, David's tribe: the secular power from the first influencing the ecclesiastical. During the captivity of the ark and its neglect in Saul's days Samuel the prophet stands prominent as the interpreter of God's will, and Ahiah the High Priest is more in the background (Judges 20:27-28; 1 Chronicles 13:3; 1 Samuel 7:2; 1 Samuel 14:18). )...
The High Priest at Solomon's dedication of the temple in the 11th year of his reign was probably Zadok's grandson, Azariah, son of Ahimaaz, for Zadok was old at Solomon's accession (1 Kings 4:2; 1 Chronicles 6:9-10); the notice that he executed the priest's office in Solomon's temple must refer to the Azariah of 1 Chronicles 6:9, not of 1 Chronicles 6:10. From David to Jeconiah there are twenty kings, but from Zadok to Jehozadak but 13 High Priests, in 1 Chronicles 6:8-15. ...
On the other hand the priests truckled to the idolatrous Manasseh; the High Priest Urijah was Ahaz' ready tool in copying the Damascus altar, supplanting Jehovah's brazen altar (2 Kings 16:10-16). The prophets seem to have superseded the High Priests as media of revealing God's will (2 Chronicles 15; 2 Chronicles 18; 2 Chronicles 20:14; 2 Kings 19:2; 2 Kings 22:12-14; Jeremiah 21:1-2). ) states that Jaddua's brother Manasseh was at Sanballat's request made the first High Priest of the Samaritan temple by Alexander the Great
Beryl - It was one of the stones on the breastplate of the High Priest ( Exodus 28:20 ; RSV marg
Jehohanan - Ezra 10:6 ( Jonas , Esther 9:1 Esther 9:1 ; Johanan , Nehemiah 12:22-23 ; Jonathan , Nehemiah 12:11 ) High Priest
Apostle - Jesus is called the apostle and High Priest of our confession in Hebrews 3:1
Atonement - The Old Testament atonements offered by the High Priest were temporary and a foreshadow of the real and final atonement made by Jesus
Zeb'Edee - It has been inferred from the mention of his "hired servants," (Mark 1:20 ) and from the acquaintance between the apostle John and Annas the High Priest, (John 18:15 ) that the family of Zebedee were in easy circumstances
Phinehas - son of Eleazar, and grandson of Aaron, third High Priest of the Jews, A
Booty - The law farther required that, out of that part of the spoils which was assigned to the fighting men, the Lord's share should be separated; and for every five hundred men, oxen, asses, sheep, &c, they were to take one for the High Priest, as being the Lord's first fruits
Amethyst - It was the ninth stone in the pectoral of the High Priest, and is mentioned as the twelfth in the foundations of the New Jerusalem
Perfumes - And the other to be used for anointing the High Priest and his sons, the tabernacle, and the vessels of divine service, Exodus 30:23-33
Hophni And Phinehas - The guilty and wretched sons of Eli the High Priest
Ananias - The Jewish High Priest Ananias from A. As High Priest, he was president of the Jewish court known as the Sanhedrin which tried Paul in Jerusalem (Acts 23:1 ). As was typical of High Priests who belonged to the aristocratic Jewish group known as the Sadducees, he was quite concerned to appease Roman authorities and representatives
Anoint -
The act of anointing was significant of consecration to a holy or sacred use; hence the anointing of the High Priest (Exodus 29:29 ; Leviticus 4:3 ) and of the sacred vessels (Exodus 30:26 ). The High Priest and the king are thus called "the anointed" (Leviticus 4:3,5,16 ; 6:20 ; Psalm 132:10 )
Meshullam - A son of Ezra, head of a priestly house during the time of Jehoiakim was High Priest (Nehemiah 12:13 ). Another head of a priestly house when Jehoiakim was High Priest; son of Ginnethon (Nehemiah 12:16 )
Golden Candlesticks - And I do not think, that the Lord Jesus, in his High Priestly office, could have been more strongly represented than by appearing thus in the midst of the candlesticks, his churches. For as it was the office of the Jewish High Priest to trim the wicks and supply the oil, so Jesus, our great High Priest, supplies the whole by his blessed Spirit both to his ministers and people
Ephod - The “ephod” of the High Priest was fastened with a beautifully woven girdle ( High Priest was the breastplate, also containing twelve stones engraved with the tribal names. The first biblical occurrence of the word refers to this High Priestly ephod: “Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate” ( Day of Atonement - The more important parts of the ceremony were, briefly, as follows:—...
(a) The High Priest procured and brought before the Tent a bullock as a sin-offering for himself, and two goats upon which lots were cast, one being destined as a sin-offering for the people, and the other to be ‘for Azazel. ...
(c) The High Priest offered two rams as a burnt-offering for himself and the people, signifying the complete offering up of the worshippers’ lives and persons to God. ...
(a) The High Priest entered ‘into the second [3] once a year’ (ἄπαξ τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ, i. ...
(c) The High Priest entered ‘in the blood of another’ (Hebrews 9:25)—‘with the accompaniment of [4] the blood of goats and calves’: Christ, with His own blood, Hebrews 9:12. ...
(e) The High Priest entered alone; which fact signified that while the first Tent continued to have a standing among men (ἐχούσης στἀσιν), the way for all men into ‘the Holies’ was not yet manifested, Hebrews 9:7 f. ...
(a) The High Priest offered a bullock for the atonement of his own sins. ‘The law appoints as High Priests men possessed of weakness,’ Hebrews 7:28; Hebrews 5:1-3. But the Son was ‘such an High Priest as was fitting for us, holy, guileless, undefiled,’ Hebrews 7:26. And the sinfulness of the High Priest appears to have been the reason of his causing a cloud of burning incense to hide the mercy-seat from his sight. But now that Christ has ‘procured eternal salvation for us,’ not only our High Priest but we ourselves may ‘come boldly unto the throne of grace. ...
(d) The ceremonies performed by the High Priest were not a mere opus operatum, the magic of a medicine man. ” ’ But ‘we reckon that one died on behalf of all; in that case all died’ (2 Corinthians 5:14); and as the High Priest offered the blood of the which symbolized the life of the whole people, so ‘the life that died’ is our life, in complete union with Chist’s (Hebrews 10:19). It is peculiarly significant that in Leviticus 16:24 the High Priest is bidden to ‘offer his burnt-offering and the burnt-offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself and for the people. The isolation of the High Priest when he entered the sanctuary suggests a comparison of Hebrews 9:7 (μόνος) with Hebrews 7:26 (κεχωρισμένος). Again, the return of the High Priest to the people in the outer court at the close of the ceremony recalls the words of Hebrews 9:28, ‘a second time without sin shall he appear to them that wait for him. ) an elaborate comparison by Rhenferd of the work of the High Priest with that of Christ; Comm
Jonathan - He became master of Judea for several years and was appointed High Priest
Heldai - Man who returned from Exile in Babylon, apparently with a gift of silver and gold, which God told Zechariah to take and have made into a crown for Joshua, the High Priest
Hilkiah - High Priest who aided in Josiah's reform movement (2 Kings 22:4 )
Malchus - The name of the High Priest’s servant whose ear Peter cut off in the Garden of Gethsemane at the arrest of our Lord. John is the only Evangelist who mentions his name ( John 18:10 ), thereby substantiating the fact that he was intimately acquainted with the High Priest and his household ( John 18:16 )
Tertullus - The Latin professional orator employed by the High Priest Ananias to prosecute Paul before Felix at Caesarea (Acts 24:1)
Joakim - A High Priest in the days of Holofernes and Judith ( Jdt 4:6 ; Jdt 4:14 )
Mercy-Seat - ) It was that whereon the blood of the yearly atonement was sprinkled by the High Priest; and in this relation it is doubtful whether the sense of the word in the Hebrew is based on the material fact of its "covering" the ark, or derived from this notion of its reference to the "covering" (i
Behove - 1: ὀφείλω (Strong's #3784 — — opheilo — of-i'-lo, of-i-leh'-o ) "to owe," is once rendered "behove," Hebrews 2:17 ; it indicates a necessity, owing to the nature of the matter under consideration; in this instance, the fulfillment of the justice and love of God, voluntarily exhibited in what Christ accomplished, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest
Tiara - An ornament worn by the Jewish High Priest
Ephod - ...
There are references to a special ephod associated with the High Priest. Apparently, the ephod of the High Priest was not only worn by the High Priest, but also prominently displayed in the tabernacle
Phinehas - A son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron, Exodus 6:25; 1 Chronicles 6:4; 1 Chronicles 6:50, was High Priest of the Jews for nearly 20 years
Athaliah - Six years afterwards he was brought from his place of refuge, and crowned by the bold and faithful High Priest Jehoiada, who at the same time caused the blood-stained Athaliah to be put to death, 2 Kings 11:1-21 2 Chronicles 23:1-21
Mercy Seat - Before the exile, when the High Priest entered the holy of holies on the Day of Atonement, he sprinkled with his finger towards the oracle the blood of the bullock and of the he-goat offered in sacrifice on that day (Leviticus 16)
Jehosheba - Jehosheba is the only instance of a princess marrying the High Priest
Uzzi - Son of Bukki, father of Zerahiah, in the High Priests' line (1 Chronicles 6:5; 1 Chronicles 6:51; Ezra 7:4). Between Abishua and Zadok in the genealogy, yet never High Priest (Josephus High Priesthood of Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:19)
Jehozadak - Father of Jeshua the High Priest, who with Zerubbabel led the returning Jews from Babylon (Ezra 3:2; Nehemiah 12:26). ) It is suggestive that the names of the last king and of the representative of the High Priesthood in the captivity both express that the suspension of the throne and of the priesthood was Jehovah's righteous judgment for Judah's sins; moreover Joshua or Jeshua, who restored the temple altar, expresses salvation; as the former Joshua led the hitherto homeless Israelites into Canaan their inheritance; and as Jesus, the Antitype, saves us from our sins and leads us into the heavenly rest
Ruby (Stone) - Exodus 28:17 (c) The first stone on the breastplate of the High Priest was the ruby
Access - Under the law, the High Priest alone had access into the holiest of all; but when the veil of the temple was rent in twain, at the death of Christ, it was declared that a new and living way of access was laid open through the veil, that is to say, his flesh
Jehoiada - ...
...
The High Priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah
Cities of Refuge, - six Levitical cities specially chosen for refuge to the involuntary homicide until released from banishment by the death of the High Priest
Simon - The Maccabæan High Priest and ethnarch, son of Mattathias, slain by his son-in-law Ptolemy, b
Abiathar - Son of Ahimelech, and tenth High Priest of the Jews. Being confirmed in the High Priesthood on David's accession to the throne, he aided in bringing up the ark to Jerusalem, 1 Corinthians 15:11,12 , and adhered to David during the rebellion of Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:35 , but afterwards was led to follow Adonijah, thus strangely betraying his royal friend in his old age. Saul, it would appear, had transferred the dignity of the High Priesthood from the line of Ithamar, to which Eli belonged, to that of Eleazar, by conferring the office upon Zadok. Thus there were, at the same time, two High Priests in Israel; Abiathar with David, and Zadok with Saul. ...
A difficulty arises from the circumstance that, in 1 Kings 2:27 , Abiathar is said to be deprived of the priest's office by Solomon; while in 2 Samuel 8:17 1 Chronicles 18:16 24:3,6,31 , Ahimelech the son of Abiathar is said to be High Priest along with Zadok
Sanhedrim - The Sanhedrin is said to have consisted of seventy-one members, the High Priest being president. Its usual place of meeting was within the precincts of the temple, in the hall "Gazith," but it sometimes met also in the house of the High Priest (Matthew 26:3 ), who was assisted by two vice-presidents
Stones - ...
The "white stone" in Revelation 2:17 is a glistering diamond, the Urim ("light" answering to "white") borne by the High Priest within the "breast-plate" (choshen ) of judgment, with the twelve tribes' names on the twelve precious stones, next the heart. None but the High Priest knew the name written upon it, perhaps "Jehovah
Breastplate - ) ...
...
An ornament covering the breast of the High Priest, first mentioned in Exodus 25:7
Oracles - (1) divine utterances, as those by Urim and Thummim and the ephod of the High Priest: 1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7-8
Alexander -
A relative of Annas the High Priest, present when Peter and John were examined before the Sanhedrim (Acts 4:6 )
Hilkiah - Son of Shallum, or Meshullam, and High Priest in the time of Josiah king of Judah
Anna - She brought Samuel to Heli, the High Priest, and consecrated him to God
Alcimus - (Eupator), king of Syria, appointed him High Priest (b. Either because he was not of High Priestly family (though of the stock of Aaron, 1Ma 7:14 ), or, more probably, from his Hellenizing tendencies, his appointment was stoutly opposed by Judas Maccabæus, and received hut scanty recognition at Jerusalem
Johanan - 1 Chronicles 6:9-10 a High Priest
Blow - 1: ῥάπισμα (Strong's #4475 — Noun Neuter — rhapisma — hrap'-is-mah ) (a) "a blow with a rod or staff," (b) "a blow with the hand, a slap or cuff," is found in three places; of the maltreatment of Christ by the officials or attendants of the High Priest, Mark 14:65 , RV, "received (according to the most authentic mss
Blow - 1: ῥάπισμα (Strong's #4475 — Noun Neuter — rhapisma — hrap'-is-mah ) (a) "a blow with a rod or staff," (b) "a blow with the hand, a slap or cuff," is found in three places; of the maltreatment of Christ by the officials or attendants of the High Priest, Mark 14:65 , RV, "received (according to the most authentic mss
Urim And Thummim - (See High Priest; EPHOD. Inside the High Priest's breast-plate were placed the Urim and Thummim when he went in before the Lord (Exodus 28:15-30; Leviticus 8:8). By gazing at them the High Priest with ephod on, before the Lord, was absorbed in heavenly ecstatic contemplation and by God was enabled to declare the divine will. Philo says that the High Priest's breast-plate was made strong in order that he might wear as an image the two virtues which his office needed. No image was tolerated on the Hebrew High Priest; but in his choshen the white diamond or rock crystal engraven with "Jehovah," to which in Revelation 2:17 the "white stone" with the "new name written" corresponds, belonging to all believers, the New Testament king-priests
Ephod - This article of dress was worn by laymen as well as by the High Priest. The sacred ephod, the one made for the High Priest, differed from the others, in being fabricated of cotton, which was coloured with crimson, purple, and blue, and in being ornamented with gold. The High Priest's ephod had a very rich button upon each shoulder, made of a large onyx stone set in gold. Spencer and Cunaeus are of opinion, that the Jewish kings had a right to wear the ephod, because David, coming to Ziklag, and finding that the Amalekites had plundered the city, and carried away his and the people's wives, ordered Abiathar, the High Priest, to bring him the ephod, which being done, David inquired of the Lord, saying, "Shall I pursue after this troop?"...
1 Samuel 30:8
Chief Priests - —In the Gospels ἀρχιερεύς properly denotes the individual who for the time being held the office of Jewish High Priest; and when the word occurs in its singular form, ‘high priest’ is the almost invariable rendering it receives throughout the NT, both in Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 (in Luke 3:2 ἐπὶ ἀρχιερέως Ἄννα καὶ Καιάφα is rendered in Authorized Version ‘Annas and Caiaphas being the High Priests,’ and in Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘in the High Priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas. High Priest. And most scholars now take the view that the ἁρχιερεῖς were High Priests rather than ‘chief priests,’ not leading representatives from the general body of the priesthood, but members of an exclusive High Priestly caste. Moffatt, in his Historical New Testament, renders ἁρχιερεῖς; ‘high priests,’ a plan which has also been adopted by the editor of The Corrected English New Testament (1905). ]'>[2] ...
As applied to this High Priestly class, the word ἀρχιερεῖς would seem to denote primarily the official High Priest together with a group of ex-high priests. For by NT times the High Priestly office had sunk far from its former greatness. Both Herod and the Roman legates deposed and set up High Priests at their pleasure (Josephus Ant. Thus there were usually several ex-high priests alive at the same time, and these men, though deprived of office, still retained the title of ἀρχιερεῖς and still exercised considerable power in the Jewish State (cf. In the notable case of Annas, we even have an ex-high priest whose influence was plainly greater than that of the ἀρχιερεύς proper (cf. ...
But Schürer further maintains that, in addition to the ex-high priests, the title was applied to the members of those families from which the High Priests were usually chosen—the γένος ἀρχιερατικόν of Acts 4:6. It appears from a statement of Josephus that the dignity of the High Priesthood was confined to a few select families (BJ iv. Schürer accordingly comes to the conclusion, which has been widely adopted, that the ἀρχιερεῖς of the NT and Josephus ‘consist, in the first instance, of the High Priests properly so called, i. the one actually in office and those who had previously been so, and then of the members of those privileged families from which the High Priests were taken’ (op. ]'>[4] But in NT times their influence, even in the Sanhedrin, was inferior to that of the scribes and Pharisees, who commanded the popular sympathies as the High Priestly party did not (Josephus Ant. ‘High Priest
Atonement, Day of - ...
( a ) In the preparatory stage ( Leviticus 16:3-10 ), after the special morning sacrifices had been offered ( Numbers 29:7-11 ), the High Priest selected the appointed sin- and burnt-offerings for himself and ‘his house,’ i. ...
( b ) In the first stage ( Leviticus 16:11-14 ) the High Priest made atonement for himself and the priesthood. ]'>[1] ’ had fallen was slain by the High Priest, who then entered the Most Holy Place for the third time with its blood, which he manipulated as before. Here the High Priest, placing both hands on the head of the goat allotted to Azazel, made solemn confession the tenor of which may still be read in the Mishnic treatise Yômâ of all the nation’s sins. The fact that the essential part was now accomplished was strikingly shown by the High Priest’s retiring into the Holy Place to put off ‘the holy garments’ ( Leviticus 16:23 ; Leviticus 16:32 ), bathe, and resume his ordinary high-priestly vestments. Other elements, such as the earlier provisions for the entry of the High Priest into the Most Holy Place still found in the opening verses of Leviticus 16:1-34 , and perhaps the desire to make an annual institution of the great fast of Nehemiah 9:1 ff. Thus, in the case before us, the efficacy of the blood, the universal medium of purification and atonement, is enhanced by cessation from labour and complete abstinence from food the latter the outward accompaniment of inward penitence and by the High Priest’s public and representative confession of the nation’s sins. The same primitive idea of the contagion of holiness underlies the prescribed change of garments on the part of the High Priest. The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews in a familiar passage contrasts the propitiatory work of the Jewish High Priest on this day with the great propitiation of Him who, by virtue of His own atoning blood, ‘entered in once for all into the holy place’ (Hebrews 9:12 RV [4] ), even ‘into heaven itself,’ where He remains, our great High Priest and Intercessor ( Hebrews 7:25 f
Eleazar - After his father�s death, succeeded him as High Priest
Mercy-Seat - It has been conjectured that the censer (thumiaterion, meaning "anything having regard to or employed in the burning of incense") mentioned in Hebrews 9:4 was the "mercy-seat," at which the incense was burned by the High Priest on the great day of atonement, and upon or toward which the blood of the goat was sprinkled ( Leviticus 16:11-16 ; Compare Numbers 7:89 and Exodus 25:22 )
Jeroham - Father of captain who helped Jehoiada, the High Priest, overthrow Queen Athaliah and install Joash as king about 835 B
Buffeting - κολαφίζω) is used to describe the ill-treatment received by Christ in the house of the High Priest after His condemnation was pronounced
Tobiah - Zechariah used him as a witness for his crowning of Joshua, the High Priest, and to preserve the crowns in the Temple (Zechariah 6:9-14 )
Mercy Seat - On the Day of Atonement the High Priest sprinkled the blood of a sacrificial lamb on the mercy seat as a plea for forgiveness for the sins of the nation (Leviticus 16:15 )
Eliashib - High Priest when Nehemiah rebuilt the walls (Nehemiah 3:1-20-21)
Mercy-Seat - Before and upon the mercy-seat the High Priest sprinkled the blood of the sin-offerings on the day of atonement as a propitiation, Leviticus 16:11-16, which, under the new dispensation, received its fulfillment
Jesus Christ - Joshua the successor of Moses, and Joshua the High Priest in the church, after the church was brought back from Babylon
Phinehas - ' He succeeded Eleazar as High Priest
Enos - The eastern people make the following additions to his history:—that Seth, his father, declared him sovereign prince and High Priest of mankind, next after himself; that Enos was the first who ordained public alms for the poor, established public tribunals for the administration of justice, and planted, or rather cultivated, the palm tree
Cities of Refuge - Were six Levitical cities specially chosen for refuge to the involuntary homicide until released from banishment by the death of the High Priest
Breastplate - A piece of embroidery, about ten inches square, Exodus 28:15-30 , of very rich work, which the High Priest wore on his breast
Sanctuary - A sacred place particularly among the Israelites, the most retired part of the temple at Jerusalem, called the Holy of Holies, in which was kept the ark of the covenant, and into which no person was permitted to enter except the High Priest, and that only once a year to intercede for the people
Intercession of Christ - He can be "touched with the feeling of our infirmities," and is both a merciful and a faithful High Priest (Hebrews 2:17,18 ; 4:15,16 )
Athali'ah - ( 2 Kings 11:1 ) From the slaughter one infant, named Joash, the youngest son of Ahaziah, was rescued by his aunt Jehosheba wife of Jehoiada, (2 Chronicles 23:11 ) the High Priest
Leper - ...
Leviticus 13:44 (b) It is quite evident that the decision concerning the state of any man must come from the High Priest Himself, JESUS CHRIST. Only the High Priest, CHRIST JESUS, has the right, the power and the privilege of doing this
Sanhedrin - The council had 71 members and was presided over by the High Priest. Since the High Priest presided, the Sadducean priestly party seems to have predominated; but some leading Pharisees also were members (Acts 5:34 ; Acts 23:1-9 ). The Sanhedrin, under the leadership of Caiaphas the High Priest, plotted to have Jesus killed (John 11:47-53 )
San'Hedrin - Often, if not generally, this pre-eminence was accorded to the High Priest. In special exigencies, however, it seems to have met in the residence of the High Priest. As a judicial body the Sanhedrin constituted a supreme court, to which belonged in the first instance the trial of false prophets, of the High Priest and other priests, and also of a tribe fallen into idolatry
Zadok - Zadok did not survive to the dedication of Solomon's temple, but Azariah his son or grandson (1 Chronicles 6:8-9) was then High Priest (1 Chronicles 6:10; 1 Kings 4:2). His descendants continued in the High Priesthood (compare 2 Chronicles 31:10, "Azariah of the house of Zadok chief priest") until the time of Antiochus Eupator. The double High Priesthood of Zadok and Abiathar answers to that of the chief priest and second priest (2 Kings 25:18; Luke 3:2 "Annas and Caiaphas being High Priest);" compare 2 Chronicles 31:10, "Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok. ((See High Priest
Coat (2) - Westcott, tells us that the long robe (χιτὼν ποδήρης) of the High Priest was of this character: ‘This vesture was not composed of two pieces, nor was it sewed together upon the shoulders and the sides, but it was one long vestment, so woven as to have an aperture for the neck’ (Whiston’s translation). ” ’ Others incline to the view that there is a parallel suggested between the Eternal High Priest’s garment and that of the Aaronic High Priest. Peter threw as a covering over his almost naked body when he left his fishing and came into the Master’s presence; (2) that it was the under-garments (χιτῶνες) that the High Priest rent when he ‘heard the blasphemy’ at our Lord’s trial (Mark 14:63; see Swete’s notes, in loc
Aaron - God had already told Moses that in the new religious order, Aaron and his sons were to be the priests, with Aaron the High Priest (Exodus 28:1-4). ...
Just as Aaron had been jealous of Moses’ position as supreme leader, so other Levites grew jealous of Aaron’s position as High Priest (Numbers 16:1-11). Before he died, however, there was a public ceremony to appoint Eleazar, Aaron’s eldest surviving son, as the replacement High Priest (Numbers 20:22-29)
Atone - Before anything else, the High Priest had to “make atonement” for himself and his house by offering a bull as a sin offering. Only on this day could the High Priest enter the holy of holies of the tabernacle or temple on behalf of the people of Israel and make atonement for them. On the Day of Atonement, the High Priest sprinkled the blood of the sin offering on it, apparently symbolizing the blood’s reception by God. Thus the Kappôreth was the central point at which Israel, through its High Priest, could come into the presence of God
Priest - Strictly and properly speaking, there is but one priest of JEHOVAH, and he the great High Priest of his church, the Lord Jesus Christ. Every other priest, even Aaron himself, acted no higher than as the type of JEHOVAH'S High Priest. For the High Priest of JEHOVAH must be as JEHOVAH himself, a Priest for ever; whereas, (as the Holy Ghost blessedly speaks by Paul, Hebrews 7:23-24) those priests were not suffered to continue, by reason of death; but this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. ...
And first, the office and character of the priest should be considered, in order that we may discover the personal fitness and suitability for Christ in this office; and by the performance of which the Lord Jesus proves that he, and he only, became the proper High Priest for his church and. And it became equally expedient that he who engaged to be JEHOVAH'S High Priest, in the purposes of redemption, should be man as well as God. Hence the Holy Ghost particularly caused it to be recorded for the church's confidence and joy in this particular, that Christ "glorified not himself to be made an High Priest, but was called of God, as was Aaron. " (Hebrews 5:4-6)...
Thus called, consecrated, and sworn into his office, by the oath of the almighty appointer, it is most blessed to behold how the Lord Jesus, in every point of view, comes up to this high character, and by the union of both natures carries on and perfects the gracious office of our High Priest and Intercessor. Hail! thou glorious, gracious, great High Priest of JEHOVAH and thy people! Be thou my New Testament altar, my sacrifice, my offering, and do thou, Lord, graciously carry on thy High Priestly office still in heaven for all thy church and people, until thou hast brought home thy redeemed, "that where thou art, there they may be also!"...
Having thus taken a short view of the Lord Jesus as JEHOVAH'S High Priest, and a Priest upon his throne, it may not be amiss to offer a short observation concerning the priesthood taken from among men
Priest, Christ as - Only the High Priest could enter the Most Holy Place on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16 ). Through the appointment of David and later exilic developments, the office of High Priest became restricted further to Zadok and his descendants (2 Samuel 15:24-29 ; 1 Kings 2:35 ; 4:2 ; Ezekiel 40:46 ). ...
The ritual of ordination consecrating Aaron to the office of High Priest lasted seven days (Exodus 29:35 ). While at a dinner given in his honor, Mary took an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume and anointed Jesus' head (Matthew 26:6-13 ; Mark 14:3-9 ; John 12:2-8 ), which echoed the anointing of Aaron to the office of High Priest (cf. In Hebrews the motif of Jesus Christ as High Priest is most prominent, and serves as an early church, theological commentary on the life, suffering, and exaltation of Jesus. Jesus experienced human nature, being "made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become merciful and faithful High Priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people" (2:17; High Priest in the true tabernacle (8:2), which is not of this world (9:11). Whereas the blood of Aaronic sacrifices could make the people outwardly clean but had to be repeated (9:13; 10:1-4,11), Jesus continues in the presence of God (9:25) as the perfect High Priest (9:25-26), offering his own blood as the perfect sacrifice to take away sins and cleansing the consciences of many people (9:28; cf
Priest - The High Priest ( archiereus ) appears as president of the Sanhedrin ( Matthew 26:57 ||, Acts 5:27 ; Acts 7:1 ; Acts 23:2 etc. Most frequently of all the word occurs in the plural form ‘chief priests’ ( archiereis ), an expression that probably designates a high-priestly party consisting of the High Priest proper, the ex-high priests, and the members of those privileged families from which the High Priests were drawn. to the Hebrews Christ is described as both priest and High Priest, but the fact that Melchizedek (wh. Hebrews 5:6 with Hebrews 5:10 , Hebrews 6:20 with Hebrews 7:1 ) shows that no distinction in principle is to be thought of, and that Christ is called a High Priest simply to bring out the dignity of His priesthood. He too was taken from among men, was tempted like His fellows, learned obedience through suffering, and so was qualified by His own human sympathies to be the High Priest of the human race ( Hebrews 4:15 ff. ‘ Order ,’ it must be kept in mind, does not here refer to ministry, but to the High Priest’s personality a fact which, when clearly perceived, saves us from much confusion in the interpretation of this Epistle. ’ The Melchizedek High Priest is conceived of all through as performing the same kind of priestly acts as were discharged by the High Priests of the house of Aaroo; but the quality of His Person is quite different, and this completely alters the character of His acts, raising them from the realm of copies and shadows to that of absolute reality and eternal validity (cf. It was by His life on earth, by the obedience He learned and the human sympathy He gained, that Christ was qualified to be the High Priest of men. Moreover, every High Priest ‘must have somewhat to offer,’ and the ‘somewhat’ of Jesus was Himself, yielded up on earth in a life of perfect obedience (Hebrews 5:3 ; Hebrews 5:9 ) and an atoning death of spotless self-sacrifice ( Hebrews 9:11-16 ; Hebrews 9:28 )
Hilkiah - ...
...
The High Priest in the reign of Josiah (1 Chronicles 6:13 ; Ezra 7:1 )
Uriah - High Priest in Jerusalem Temple under King Ahaz who followed the king's instructions in setting up an altar in the Temple according to a Syrian pattern (2 Kings 16:10-16 )
Hor - This is regarded by the Arabs as the mountain sacred to the great High Priest, and his tomb is shown and reverenced under a small dome on its summit
Mattathias - A son of Simon the High Priest, who was murdered, together with his father and brother Judas, at a banquet at Dok, by Ptolemy the son of Abubus ( 1Ma 16:14-16 )
Purification - The case of the High Priest and of the Nazarite (Leviticus 21:1-4,10,11 ; Numbers 6:6,7 ; Ezekiel 44:25 )
Tobiah, the Children of - Crowns were made of them by Zechariah (Zechariah 6:9-15), at Jehovah's direction, and set on the High Priest Joshua's head, as type of Messiah the King Priest who harmonizes in Himself the conflicting claims of justice as the King and love as the Father and Priest (Ephesians 2:13-17; Ephesians 1:10)
Beroea - The place where Antiochus Eupator caused Menelaus, the ex-high priest, to be put to death ( 2Ma 13:4 )
Menelaus - He purchased the office of High Priest from Antiochus Epiphanes for the sum of 660 talents ( c Gemariah - Son of Hilkiah, the High Priest who found the book of the law in the Lord's house, and showed it to Shaphan (2 Kings 22:8); sent by king Zedekiah on an embassy to Nebuchadnezzar; entrusted by Jeremiah with a letter to the captives in Babylon
Zebadiah - Zebadiah probably acted for the king, Amariah the High Priest for the priesthood and ecclesiastical interests in the court consisting of priests, Levites, and chief men, over which they jointly presided, and which decided all causes civil and ecclesiastical
Ark of the Covenant - Once a year, the High Priest would enter the Holy of Holies and sprinkle blood on the Mercy Seat
Anathoth - King Solomon sent Abiathar the priest there after removing him as High Priest (1 Kings 2:26-27 )
Urim - The Urim and Thummim are supposed to have been the precious stones worn by the High Priest upon his breast-plate, when going into the temple, and before the mercy seat
Ephod - This formed part of the High Priest's dress, and no doubt, like the office itself, was intended as typical of Christ. Nothing could more aptly represent our great High Priest, the Lord Jesus Christ, going in before the presence of JEHOVAH with the names of his people on his breast
Breastplate - This was a part of the High Priest's dress, which he wore when performing his office in the temple service. " (Exodus 28:15) The design of it seems to have been to typify the Lord Jesus Christ, the great and almighty High Priest of his redeemed, who going in before JEHOVAH, bears the names, and persons, and concerns of all his people
Mercy Seat - In that version, ιλαστηριον generally answers to the Hebrew כפרת , from the verb כפר , to cover, expiate, and was the lid or covering of the ark of the covenant, made of pure gold, on and before which the High Priest was to sprinkle the blood of the expiatory sacrifices on the great day of atonement, and where God promised to meet his people, Exodus 25:17 ; Exodus 25:22 ; Exodus 29:42 ; Exodus 30:36 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:14
Sanctuary - 1 ; sometimes of the "Holy place," where the altar on incense, the golden candlestick, and the showbread stood, 2 Chronicles 26:18 Hebrews 9:2 ; and sometimes of the "Holy of Holies," the most secret and retired part of the temple, in which was the ark of the covenant, and where none but the High Priest might enter, and he only once a year on the day of solemn expiation
Hilki'ah - (2 Kings 18:37 ; Isaiah 22:20 ; 36:22 ) [1] ...
High priest in the reign of Josiah. ) His High Priesthood was rendered particularly illustrious by the great reformation effected under it by King Josiah, by the solemn Passover kept at Jerusalem in the 18th year of that king's reign, and above all by the discovery which he made of the book of the law of Moses in the temple
Anani'as - (whom Jehovah has graciously given )
A High Priest in (Acts 23:2-5 ; 24:1 ) He was the son of Nebedaeus
Jeshua - High Priest taken into the Exile by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 B. Zechariah had a vision featuring Jeshua in which God announced the full cleansing of the High Priest, preparing him to lead in the atonement rites for the people and pointing to the day when Messiah would come and provide complete and eternal atonement for God's people (Zechariah 3:1 )
Forerunner - Thither the Jewish High Priest, one day in the year, went alone ( Hebrews 9:7 ). The key-note of the Epistle is that all believers have access with boldness to the presence of the Most Holy God ‘in the blood of Jesus’; they have this boldness because their High Priest has inaugurated for them a fresh and living way ( Hebrews 10:19 ff
Caiaphas - (Καιάφας)...
Caiaphas, or Joseph Caiaphas, was appointed High Priest in a. He is probably the High Priest referred to in Acts 5:17-21; Acts 5:27; Acts 7:1; Acts 9:1 who imprisoned Peter and John, presided at the trial of Stephen, caused the persecution recorded in Acts 8, and gave Saul of Tarsus letters to Damascus to apprehend the Christians there
Joshua the Son of Jehozadak - Chief among those who returned were the governor Zerubbabel and the High Priest Joshua (or Jeshua) the son of Jehozadak (or Jozadak) (Ezra 2:1-2). ...
Dealing with sin...
In a vision that the prophet Zechariah saw, Joshua the High Priest was standing before God in dirty garments
New Testament - Annas made High Priest...
8 Jesus at Jerusalem. Luke 2:42-46 ...
14 Tiberias emperor of Rome: reigns alone...
17 Caiaphas made High Priest...
26 Pontius Pilate procurator of Judaea...
John commences his ministry. ) Acts 9:26-28 ; (Galatians 1:18 )...
37 Caius (Caligula) emperor of Rome; reigns 4 years...
Herod Agrippa succeeds Herod Antipas...
Caiaphas deposed, and Jonathan made High Priest...
38 Paul, at Damascus and in Arabia. ...
48 Ananias nominated High Priest by Herod, king of Chalcis...
49-50 Paul, after return, remains a long time at Antioch Acts 14:28 ...
Dispute concerning circumcision, council at Jerusalem Acts 15:1 ...
50 Paul's third visit to Jerusalem with Barnabas...
(fourteen years from his conversion
Breastplate - or PECTORAL, one part of the priestly vestments, belonging to the Jewish High Priests. It was worn on the breast of the High Priest, and was set with twelve precious stones, on each of which was engraven the name of one of the tribes. These words signify lights and perfections, and are mentioned as in the High Priest's breastplate; but what they were, we cannot determine. ...
Le Clerc will have them to be the names of two precious stones, set in a golden collar of the High Priest, and coming down to his breast, as the magistrates of Egypt wore a golden chain, at the end of which hung the figure of truth, engraven on a precious stone. Prideaux thinks the words chiefly denote the clearness of the oracles dictated to the High Priest, though perhaps the lustre of the stones in his breastplate might represent this clearness. These stones were carried in the purse or bag, formed by the lining or interior of the pectoral; and when the question was proposed, if the High Priest drew out the stone which exhibited yes, the answer was affirmative; if the one on which no was written, the answer was negative; if the third, no answer was to be given, Joshua 7:13-21 ; 1 Samuel 14:40-43 ; 1 Samuel 28:6
Maccabees - He appointed Alcimus as High Priest, who was received by ‘the Pious’ as legitimate, although he favoured the Greeks. Josephus states that at this time Alcimus died and Judas was made High Priest. The High Priest Alcimus died, and Bacchides, believing the subjection of Judæa complete, returned to Syria (b. Each made him extravagant offers, but Jonathan preferred Alexander Balas; and when the latter defeated his rival, Jonathan found himself a High Priest, a prince of Syria, and military and civil governor of Judæa (b. In May 142Samimon was able to seize the citadel, and in September 141, at a great assembly of priests and people, and princes of the people, and elders of the land, he was elected to be High Priest and military commander and civil governor of the Jews, ‘for ever until there should arise a faithful prophet. Josephus describes him as High Priest, king, and prophet, but strangely enough the records of his reign are scanty. The affairs of Syria growing ever more desperate under the succession of feeble kings, John ceased payment of the tribute which had been exacted by Antiochus, and established a brilliant court, issuing coins as High Priest and head of the Congregation of the Jews. ’ His long reign was marked by a break with the Pharisees, who, as successors of ‘the Pious,’ had been the traditional party of the government, and the establishment of friendship with the Sadducees, thereby fixing the High Priesthood as one of the perquisites of that party. According to the will of John Hyrcanus, the government was placed in his widow’s hands, while the High Priesthood was given to the oldest of his five sons, Aristobulus. After the death of Aristobulus, his widow Alexandra (Salome) released his three brothers from prison, and married the oldest of them, Alexander Jannæus (or Jonathan), making him king and High Priest. , who was already High Priest, was to have been her successor. The two brothers pleaded their cause, as did also an embassy of the Jewish people, which asked that the monarchy be abolished, and the government by the High Priest he re-established. Aristobulus was taken prisoner, and Hyrcanus was re-established as High Priest, but without the title of ‘king. The State, as re-organized by Gabinius, was attached to Syria and Hyrcanus exercised the function of High Priest (63 40). Hyrcanus was carried away prisoner by the Parthians, and his ears were cut off, so that he could no longer act as High Priest. After the death of Cæsar and during the second triumvirate, Antigonus attempted to gain the throne of Judæa with the assistance of the Parthians, and in 40 37 maintained himself with the title of ‘king and High Priest. At the request of his sister he was made High Priest by Herod (b
Sera'Iah - ) ...
The High Priest in the reign of Zedekiah
Avenger of Blood - If the offence was merely manslaughter, then the fugitive must remain within the city till the death of the High Priest (Numbers 35:25 )
Phinehas - Phinehas’ father, Eleazar, had succeeded Aaron as High Priest (Numbers 20:25-26), and Phinehas proved himself to be a loyal supporter
Propitiation - On the great day of atonement the High Priest carried the blood of the sacrifice he offered for all the people within the veil and sprinkled with it the "mercy-seat," and so made propitiation
Sanballat - His daughter was married to the grandson of Jerusalem's High Priest (Nehemiah 13:28 ), indicating harmonious relations between Judah and Samaria at that time
Signet - Another unusual use of the word was the special engraving of the stones on the ephod of the High Priest “like the engravings of a signet” (Exodus 28:11 )
Jason - Joshua the High Priest, who ousted his brother Onias iii
Goliath - Convinced that the honor of victory belonged to God alone, David saw that the sword of Goliath was placed in sanctuary at Nob, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod of the High Priest (1 Kings 21)
Faithful, - He is 'a faithful High Priest' and 'a faithful and true witness
Jeshua, Jeshuah - Son of Jozadak: a High Priest who aided Ezra and Nehemiah
Hannah - ’ Eli, the High Priest, mistakes the silent movement of her lips as she prays, and accuses her of drunkenness; but when he finds out the mistake he has made, he gives her his blessing, and prays that her petition may be granted
Forerunner - ...
The use of this term πρόδρομος emphasizes the fact that Jesus has entered heaven, not as the Jewish High Priest entered the Holy of Holies, to return again, but to open a way by which His people may follow, and to prepare a place for them (John 14:2)
Aaron - And when we consider, to what an high honour Aaron was called; to be the type of Him, who, in the everlasting nature of his office, was, and is, JEHOVAH'S High Priest; both the altar, and the offering, the sacrifice, and the sacrificer, through whom alone, all offerings must be presented: surely, none taken from among men, could be more great and lofty in office than Aaron
Wonder - This sense sometimes has the nuance “symbol”: “Now listen, Joshua the High Priest, you and your friends who are sitting in front of you— indeed they are men who are a symbol …” ( Ahi'ah -
Son of Ahitub, grandson of Phinehas and great-grandson of Eli, succeeded his father as High Priest in the reign of Saul
Asmonaeans - After the death of Ezra and Nehemiah, the Jews were governed by their High Priest, in subjection, however, to the Persian kings, to whom they paid tribute; but with full enjoyment of their liberties, civil and religious
Ananias - A High Priest in Acts 23:2-5; Acts 24:1
Athaliah - She was married to Jehoram, king of Judah; and, when her son Ahaziah was slam by Jehu, she destroyed the rest of the royal family except Joash, an infant, who was concealed in the temple by his aunt Jehosheba (most likely not Athaliah's daughter), the wife of Jehoiada the High Priest
Hand - The hands of the High Priest laid upon the scapegoat, as if transferring the guilt of the people to his head, represented the work wrought by Christ in order that the sinner might not be "driven away in his wickedness
Ephod - There were two kinds of ephod: one plain, of linen, for the priests, 1 Samuel 22:18 ; another embroidered, for the High Priest
Aaron - He was consecrated the first High Priest by God's directions, Exodus 28:1-29:46 Leviticus 8:1-36 ; and was afterwards confirmed in his office by the destruction of Korah and his company, by the staying of the plague at his intercession, and by the budding of his rod, Numbers 16:1-17:13 . In his office as High Priest, Aaron was an eminent type of Christ, being "called of God," and anointed; bearing the names of the tribes on his breast; communicating God's will by Urim and Thummim; entering the Most Holy place on the Day of Atonement, "not without blood;" and interceding for and blessing the people of God
Hannah - Eli the High Priest, who sat at the entrance to the holy place, observed her, and misunderstanding her character he harshly condemned her conduct (1 Samuel 1:14-16 ). meil, a term used to denote the "robe" of the ephod worn by the High Priest, Exodus 28:31 ), a priestly robe, a long upper tunic (1 Chronicles 15:27 ), in which to minister in the tabernacle (1 Samuel 2:19 ; 15:27 ; Job 2:12 )
Azariah - Son of Ahimaaz (1 Chronicles 6:9), succeeded Zadok his grandfather in the High Priesthood in Solomon's reign, Ahimaaz having died before Zadok (1 Chronicles 6:10, the "he" refers to the Azariah in 1 Chronicles 6:9). He officiated at the consecration of Solomon's temple, and was the first High Priest that ministered in it. Grandson of the Azariah 2, High Priest under Abijah and Asa, as Amariah his son was in the days of Jehoshaphat son of Asa
Sanhedrin - ...
The Jerusalem Sanhedrin consisted of a maximum of seventy members, not counting the High Priest. The High Priest acted as president (Acts 6:11-15; Matthew 26:57-59; Luke 22:66; Luke 23:50; Acts 4:5-7; Acts 5:17-21; Acts 5:34; Acts 22:30; Acts 23:1-6)
Gerizim - Manasseh, the grandson of Eliashib, the High Priest, and brother to Jaddus, High Priest of the Jews, having been driven from Jerusalem in the year of the world 3671, and not enduring patiently to see himself deprived of the honour and advantages of the priesthood, Sanballat, his father-in- law, addressed himself to Alexander the Great, who was then carrying on the siege of Tyre; and having paid him homage for the province of Samaria, whereof he was governor, he farther offered him eight thousand of his best troops, which disposed Alexander to grant what he desired for his son-in- law, and for many other priests, who being married, as well as he, contrary to the law, chose rather to forsake their country than their wives, and had joined Manasseh in Samaria
Anointing, - Priests, at the first institution of the Levitical priesthood, were all anointed to their offices, (Exodus 40:15 ; Numbers 3:3 ) but afterwards anointing seems to have been specially reserved for the High Priest, (Exodus 29:29 ; Leviticus 16:32 ) so that "the priest that is anointed," (Leviticus 4:3 ) is generally thought to mean the High Priest
Hasmonean - ...
One of the most interesting developments of the Hasmonean regime was the coming together of the offices of High Priest and kingship in the same person. Indeed, it was Simon who initially assumed the office of High Priest and combined it with his role as governor/general of Judea. ...
His son, John Hyrcanus I, succeeded Simon and continued to hold dual offices of governor and High Priest. Because priesthood was exclusively male dominated, Salome Alexandra appointed Hyrcanus II, her eldest son, to be High Priest
Aaron - Aaron had the distinctive privilege of being Moses' close associate and also the one selected as the first High Priest of God's people. He and the firstborn son of each generation of his lineage were dedicated in a special anointing ceremony to officiate before God and on behalf of God's people as High Priests. In spite of his sin, Aaron was restored to his position of High Priest. ...
High Priest of God Most High
Ahijah - ...
Son of Ahitub (1Samuel 14:3,18), Ichabod's brother; the same probably as Ahimelech, who was High Priest at Nob in the reign of Saul (1Samuel 22:11). Some, however, suppose that Ahimelech was the brother of Ahijah, and that they both officiated as High Priests, Ahijah at Gibeah or Kirjath-jearim, and Ahimelech at Nob
Caiaphas - Joseph Caiaphas, the son-in-law of Annas ( John 18:13 ), was High Priest between a
Eli - The predecessor of Samuel as ‘judge,’ and High Priest in the sanctuary at Shiloh
Eliashib - The High Priest who was contemporary with Nehemiah
Cloak - " It was worn by the High Priest under the ephod (Exodus 28:31 ), by kings and others of rank (1 Samuel 15:27 ; Job 1:20 ; 2:12 ), and by women (2 Samuel 13:18 )
Jehoiada - A High Priest of the Jews, and husband of Jehosheba
Jehoiada - High Priest during the usurpation of Athaliah
Incense - It might seem as if this work were restricted to the High Priest, Exodus 30:7-8; but certainly the ordinary priests are found burning incense, Leviticus 10:1; and, in later times at least, those who so officiated were chosen by lot, Luke 1:8-9; the people being of course without, v. There was another solemn burning of incense—and this was the High Priest's peculiar office—on the great day of atonement
Jesus - Jeshua (Joshua), the High Priest ( 1Es 5:5 ; Esther 5:8 Esther 5:8 ; 1Es 5:48 ; 1Es 5:56 ; 1Es 5:68 ; 1Es 5:70 ; 1Es 6:2 ; Esther 9:19 Esther 9:19 , Sir 49:12 )
Eli - The High Priest, in the days of the judges
Jesh'ua - ) ...
Son of Jehozadak, first High Priest after the Babylonish captivity, B
Become - Christ, as a High Priest "became us," Hebrews 7:26
Ahimaaz - We hear nothing more of Ahimaaz, and, comparing 1 Kings 4:2; 1 Chronicles 6:8-9; 1 Chronicles 6:53, it seems probable that he died before his father, and was never High Priest
Pomegranate - Artificial pomegranates were used as ornaments on the robe of the High Priest, Exodus 28:33 , and also as an architectural ornament, 1 Kings 7:18
Crown - That of the Jewish High Priest was a fillet, or diadem, tied with a ribbon of a hyacinth color, Exodus 28:36 39:30
Blood-Avenger - In the latter case, he might dwell with safety in the city of refuge; but should he go elsewhere before the death of the High Priest, he was liable to be slain by the avenger of blood, Numbers 35:25-28
Jesh'ua - ) ...
Son of Jehozadak, first High Priest after the Babylonish captivity, B
Dreams - Among the Jews, "if any person dreamed a dream which was peculiarly striking and significant, he was permitted to go to the High Priest in a peculiar way, and see if it had any special import
Harmless - 1), "void of evil," is rendered "harmless" in Hebrews 7:26 (RV, "guileless"), of the character of Christ as a High Priest; in Romans 16:18 , RV, "innocent," AV, "simple
Watchfulness: When Special Need of - When the servants of the High Priest allowed Peter to warm his hands at the fire, had Peter been a wise man, he would have been afraid that evil would come of it
Samaritans - ...
Upon the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the temple, the religion of the Samaritans received another alteration on the following occasion; one of the sons of Jehoiada, the High Priest, whom Josephus calls Manasseh, married the daughter of Sanballat the Horonite; but the law of God having forbidden the intermarriages of the Israelites with any other nation, Nehemiah set himself to reform this corruption, which had spread into many Jewish families, and obliged all that had taken strange wives immediately to part with them, Nehemiah 13:23-30 . Manasseh brought with him some other apostate priests, with many other Jews, who disliked the regulations made by Nehemiah at Jerusalem; and now the Samaritans, having obtained a High Priest, and other priests of the descendants from Aaron, were soon brought off from the worship of the false gods, and became as much enemies to idolatry as the best of the Jews. Joseph Scaliger, being curious to know their usages, wrote to the Samaritans of Egypt, and to the High Priest of the whole sect, who resided at Neapolis. In the first of these answers, written in the name of the assembly of Israel, in Egypt, they declare that they celebrate the passover every year, on the fourteenth day of the first month, on Mount Gerizim, and that he who then did the office of High Priest was called Eleazar, a descendant of Phinehas, son of Aaron. In the second answer, which is in the name of the High Priest Eleazar, and the synagogue of Shechem, they declare, that they keep the Sabbath in all the rigour with which it is enjoined in the book of Exodus; none among them stirring out of doors, but to the synagogue. At the time when they wrote to Scaliger, they reckoned one hundred and twenty-two High Priests; affirmed that the Jews had no High Priests of the race of Phinehas; and that the Jews belied them in calling them Cutheans; for that they are descended from the tribe of Joseph by Ephraim
Seventy - (Luke 10:1, etc,) Some have thought that this was in honour of the seventy called the Septuagint, who were the first that translated the original Hebrew into Greek, in the time of Eleazin the High Priest, about 240 years before the manifestation of Christ in the flesh
Eliashib - High Priest in time of Nehemiah who led in rebuilding the sheep gate in the Jerusalem wall, a gate through which sheep were led to the nearby Temple for sacrifice (Nehemiah 3:1 )
Holy of Holies - The High Priest entered into this inner recess only once a year, on the Day of Atonement, to offer incense and the blood of the bullock and of the goat destined to atone for himself, his house, and the people
Onyx - Two onyx stones, with six names of Israel's tribes engraven on each, were on the High Priest's shoulders as "stones of memorial unto Israel" (Exodus 28:9-12). Tyre's king, like the High Priest with his precious stones, was the type of humanity in its unfallen perfection in Eden; antichrist will usurp the divine King Priest's office (Zechariah 6:13; compare Acts 12:21-23)
Ananias - He was a High Priest of Israel, and is a type of one who gains great ascendancy in a religious organization, but is an enemy of grace, is opposed to JESUS as Lord, and seeks to turn men's hearts away from the Truth into a false religion
Zebedee - John's acquaintance with Annas the High Priest implies the good social position of the family
Agate - ' It was the stone chosen for the second place in the third row of the breastplate of the High Priest
Abihu - the son of Aaron, the High Priest, was consumed, together with his brother Nadab, by fire sent front God, because he had offered incense with strange fire, instead of taking it from the altar, Leviticus 10:1-2
Ahimaaz - the son of Zadok, the High Priest
Sanaballat - 441, in his absence the High Priest Eliashib married his grandson Manasseh son of Joiada to a daughter of Sanballat and allowed Tobiah, a kinsman of Sanballat, an apartment in the temple. Nehemiah, on his return to Jerusalem, (the exact year of which is not known,) drove Tobiah out of the temple, and would not suffer Manasseh the High Priest's grandson to continue in the city, nor to perform the functions of the priesthood
Eleazar - He succeeded as chief of the Levites on the death of Nadab and Abihu, and on the death of his father became High Priest
Dead Sea Scrolls - Unlike many Essene groups, they were celibates, and they traced their origin to a “Teacher of Righteousness,” a messianic figure of whom little is known except that he was a priest, possibly a High Priest. The Qumran biblical commentaries speak of his confrontation with a “Wicked Priest,” possibly a Maccabean High Priest of about 150 B
Ptolemies - ...
The Ptolemies treated Judea as a Temple state given over by the king in trust to the High Priest at Jerusalem. Authority in religious and most civil matters was granted the High Priest in lieu of a yearly tax
u'Rim And Thum'Mim - --The mysterious words meet us for the first time, as if they needed no explanation, in the description of the High Priest's apparel. They are mentioned as things-already familiar both to Moses and the people, connected naturally with the functions of the High Priest as mediating between Jehovah and his people. , to suppose that the answer was given simply by the word of the Lord to the High Priest comp
Uriah - High Priest under Ahaz (Isaiah 8:2; 2 Kings 16:10-16). ) As High Priest, made witness to Isaiah's prophecy concerning Maher-shalalhash-baz. Uriah probably succeeded Azariah, High Priest under Uzziah, and preceded the Azariah under Hezekiah
Hebrews - Jesus is superior to the earthly High Priest. Because Jesus' High Priesthood is superior and because He has a superior ministry that establishes a superior covenant, the readers should draw near God's throne in confidence (Hebrews 10:19-25 ). Jesus was perfected in this way (Hebrews 2:10 ; Hebrews 5:8 ) and was qualified to stand in God's presence in the heavenly sanctuary as High Priest (Hebrews 2:17-18 ; Hebrews 5:9-10 ). Jesus, our High Priest, atoned for our sins and helps us overcome temptation (Hebrews 2:16-18 ). Believers must focus on Jesus, the High Priest, who is more faithful than Moses (Hebrews 3:1-6 ). Jesus, the Sinless High Priest, Is the Only Source of Salvation (Hebrews 4:14-5:10 ). Through the sinless High Priest we can approach God in confidence (Hebrews 4:14-16 ). The obedient High Priest met all the qualifications and became the Source of eternal salvation (Hebrews 5:1-10 ). Jesus, the Eternal High Priest, Calls His Followers to Christian Maturity (Hebrews 5:11-6:20 )
Atonement, Day of - ...
For the one work of atonement by the High Priest was to be the all absorbing thought; just as in the case of the work of the great Antitype (John 6:28-29). Only this once in the year was the High Priest to enter the holiest. Going out from the holiest, the High Priest purified, by sprinkling seven times with the bullock's and the gent's blood, the holy place and the golden altar; and then outside he poured the rest of the blood round the altar of burnt offering; the places defiled by the priest's and the nation's sins being thus made ceremonially and typically fit for the indwelling of God; compare as to the Antitype Hebrews 9:22-23. Then the High Priest laid his hands upon the head of the goat "for Azazel," confessing over it all the sins of the people. On the analogy between the High Priest's entrance in his white garments once a year into the holiest, and the Antitype's entrance into heaven once for all, wherein He so infinitely exceeds the type, inasmuch as He "by that one offering hath forever perfected them that are sanctified," "having obtained, eternal redemption for us," so that "there is no more offering for sin" (which condemns the notion of the Lord's supper being a sacrifice), see Hebrew 9; 10. The veil was rent at His death, throwing open the holiest heaven continually to all believers through faith in His sacrifice; whereas the veil continued as much after the typical High Priest's atonement as before it to preclude access to priests and people alike. The successive steps in the whole were: the High Priest atoned...
(1) for himself and his family; then, being purified himself,...
(2) for the sanctuary and all in it; then...
(3) for the altar of burnt offering outside;...
(4) for the whole people. ...
The Yoma in the Mishna informs us that the High Priest on the day of atonement performed all the ordinary duties, as lighting the lamps, offering the daily sacrifices and the incense; then bathed and put on the white linen garments and proceeded with the atonement rites
Seraiah - High Priest in the reign of Zedekiah. He is mentioned in the list of High Priests, 1 Chronicles 6:14
On - ...
"It was at On that Joseph wooed and won the dark-skinned Asenath, the daughter of the High Priest of its great temple
Incarnation - ...
Jesus came to reveal the Father (Matthew 11:27; Luke 10:22), to do His will (1618089958_9), to fulfill prophecy (Luke 4:17-21), to reconcile the world (2 Corinthians 5:18-21), and to become our High Priest (Hebrews 7:24-28)
Shal'Lum - (1 Chronicles 4:25 ) ...
A High Priest
Nazirite - Parallels exist between the cultic purity of the High Priest and the Nazirite
Nethaneel - Head of the priestly family of Jedaiah when Joiakim was High Priest (Nehemiah 12:21 )
Israel - Israel has been used as a type of the church because they were under the Blood of the Passover Lamb, they had a High Priest, they were separate from the nations, and they confessed that they were pilgrims looking for a city with foundations
Seraiah - Son of Azariah, and High Priest in the reign of Zedekiah
Oath - Thus the Lord Jesus when adjured by the High Priest answered him
Elea'Zar - (Numbers 3:32 ) With his brother Ithamar he ministered as a priest during their father's lifetime, and immediately before his death was invested on Mount Hor with the sacred garments, as the successor of Aaron in the office of High Priest
Oil - "...
And what a blessed thought it is, that as the holy oil was poured on the head of Aaron, the great High Priest of the Jewish dispensation, which ran down to the skirts of his clothing, so God the Holy Ghost anointed Jesus, our great and almighty High Priest, to whom Aaron was but the shadow, with "the oil of joy and gladness above and for his fellows;" yea, the Spirit was not given by measure unto him, for in him all fulness dwelleth? And Christ and his church being one and the same, he the glorious Head, and they his members, of "his fulness do we all receive, and grace or grace
Sanhedrin - , consisting of Levites, priests, and heads of the families, with two chief members-the High Priest to decide the religious, the governor of Judah to decide the monarchical, matters-cannot be adduced as proof of the Mosaic origin of the Sanhedrin, as does D. This was an aristocratic body of elders of the nation with the High Priest at its head, which had charge of the government of the Jewish people under Persian and then under Ptolemaic and Seleucidaean rule; nor was it different under Roman rule (ib. The name Synhedrion (Aramaized Sanhedrin), which denotes chiefly a court of justice, came into popular use under Ptolemaic rule; and, as its Hebrew equivalent, the name Ḥeber hâ-Yehûdîm appears on Hasmonaean coins, which read: ‘Joḥannan the High Priest, the head, and the Council (representative) of the Jews’ (Madden, op. According to the latter, the authenticity of which cannot be questioned, the High Priest, as the political head of the nation, was the president. The former assign to the High Priest no place in the Sanhedrin (Sanh. 1, ‘The High Priest can neither bring a case before the Sanhedrin nor be judged by them’; cf. Jcezer of Zereda (a relative of Alkimos the High Priest) (Ber. Vita, 38), as ‘certain members of the Sanhedrin belonging to the Pharisean party,’ while in each case the High Priest appears as chief of the Sanhedrin. 43-81) could have been brought about only under a Pharisean leadership of greater authority on the Law than was the High Priest, who as a rule lacked both learning and piety. … But if these judges do not know how to decide on matters submitted to them … they shall send the undecided case to the holy city, and there shall the High Priest and the prophet and the Senate come together and give the final decision. For the high court at Jerusalem, however, a duumvirate, consisting of the High Priest and the prophet, is ordained, and neither Kuenen (Gesamm. The duumvirate was, no doubt, the result of a compromise between Sadducean priesthood and the Pharisean scribes, the Ab Bçth Dîn being for the Pharisees the actual president, whereas the Sadducean High Priest was consigned to oblivion, wherefore a later tradition referred the duumvirate to the leaders of the two Pharisean schools of each generation, giving to the foremost one the title of Nâsî (cf. Besides this there was a special hall assigned to the High Priest and the foremost men of the Sanhedrin called lishkath Parhedrîn (πάρεδροι), ‘the men of the front rank,’ also called lishkath bûleuṭîn, i. 4), capital punishment wag pronounced and executed by the Little Sanhedrin of twenty-three in the various provinces or tribes, but the tribunal of seventy-one in the Temple of Jerusalem was the only body vested with power and authority (1) to pronounce a verdict in a process affecting a tribe, a false prophet, or the High Priest; (2) to declare war against a nation not belonging to ancient Canaan or Amalek; (3) to extend the character of holiness to additional parts of the Temple, or of Jerusalem; (4) to appoint Sanhedrin over the tribes; (5) to execute judgment against a city that had lapsed into idolatry. ), the final judgment of a rebellious elder (Deuteronomy 17:12), the bringing of a guilt offering in the case of an unintentional sin committed by the whole congregation of Israel (Leviticus 4:13), the installation of a king or of a High Priest (Tôs
Philip - A son of Herod the Great by Mariamne the daughter of Simon the High Priest
Throne - of the High Priest ( 1 Samuel 1:9 ; 1 Samuel 4:13 ; 1 Samuel 4:18 ), of a judge ( Psalms 94:20 ), of a military officer ( Jeremiah 1:15 ); but most frequently of a king ( e
Melchizedek - Melchizedek was a Canaanitish prince, a worshipper of the true God, and in his peculiar history and character an instructive type of our Lord, the great High Priest (Hebrews 5:6,7 ; 6:20 )
Pashur - At this time the Nagid , Or "governor," of the temple was Seraiah the High Priest ( 1 Chronicles 6:14 ), and Pashur was his Paqid , Or "deputy
Sin-Offering - As each individual, even the most private member of the congregation, as well as the congregation at large, and the High Priest, was obliged, on being convicted by his conscience of any particular sin, to come with a sin-offering, we see thus impressively disclosed the need in which every sinner stands of the salvation of Christ, and the necessity of making application to it as often as the guilt of sin renews itself upon his conscience
Point, Points - " ...
A — 1: κεφάλαιον (Strong's #2774 — Noun Neuter — kephalaion — kef-al'-ah-yon ) the neuter of the adjective kephalaios, "of the head," is used as a noun, signifying (a) "a sum, amount, of money," Acts 22:28 ; (b) "a chief point," Hebrews 8:1 , not the summing up of the subject, as the AV suggests, for the subject was far from being finished in the Epistle; on the contrary, in all that was being set forth by the writer "the chief point" consisted in the fact that believers have "a High Priest" of the character already described
Salome - But he had not anticipated for his guests the rare luxury of seeing a princess, his own niece, a grand-daughter of Herod the Great and of Mariamne, a descendant, therefore, of Simon the High Priest and the great line of Maccabean princes, a princess who afterwards became the wife of a tetrarch [1] and the mother of a king, honouring them by degrading herself into a scenic dancer
Sign - ...
First, The Urim and Thummim, by which the High Priest was miraculously instructed in the will of God
High Priest - Aaron was constantly called 'the priest;' but as his sons were also called priests, he was necessarily the 'chief' and would correspond to what is called High Priest in the N
Incense - ...
The incense was also to be put on burning coals in a censer and carried by the High Priest into the most holy place on the Day of Atonement, that the cloud of incense might cover the mercy seat that was upon the testimony, 'that he die not
Amariah - 2 Chronicles 19:11 , a High Priest in the reign of Jehoshaphat
Ananias - The High Priest at the time when St
Access - Old Testament religious practices allowed only the High Priest to enter the holy of holies and that only once a year (Leviticus 16:2 ,Leviticus 16:2,16:34 )
Ananias - High Priest before whom Paul appeared, and who commanded him to be smitten on the mouth, to whom Paul said, "God shall smite thee, thou whited wall
Rod - The rod of Aaron is the staff commonly used by the High Priest
Censer - Exodus 27:3; but the Jews suppose that the one used by the High Priest was of gold; and this supposition is to a certain extent corroborated by the fact that Aaron is bidden to use some particular censer—the definite article being prefixed to the word
Shiloh - 1116, when it was taken by the Philistines, under the administration of the High Priest Eli
Crown - Both the ordinary priests and the High Priest wore them
Luke, Festival of Saint - Our Lord appears in this Gospel asthe Great High Priest, winning by His Sacrifice on the Cross, mercyand pardon for sinners
Crown - The mitsnepheth or linen tiara of the High Priest was preeminent in splendor (Leviticus 8:9). ...
The "miter" elsewhere is always used of the High Priest; but the anointed king partook of the priestly character, from whence his "diadem" is so-called (Exodus 19:6; Exodus 28:4; Zechariah 3:5); also the crown, the emblem of the kingdom; until they be restored and united in the Mediator Messiah (Psalms 110:2; Psalms 110:4; Zechariah 6:13)
Tithe - (Leviticus 27:30-33 ) This tenth is ordered to be assigned to the Levites as the reward of their service, and it is ordered further that they are themselves to dedicate to the Lord a tenth of these receipts, which is to be devoted to the maintenance of the High Priest. (2) That out of this the Levites were to dedicate a tenth to God for the use of the High Priest
Crown - The High Priest wore a crown, which was girt about his mitre, or the lower part of his bonnet, and was tied about his head. That of the Jewish High Priest, which is the most ancient of which we have any description, was a fillet of gold placed upon his forehead, and tied with a ribbon of a hyacinth colour, or azure blue
Hebrews, Theology of - In 1:1-10:18, the primary theme is the superiority of Christ as eternal High Priest. ...
Here the Christology of Hebrews reaches its loftiest peak as Jesus, the eternal High Priest, enters the inner sanctum of the universe where he offers up his own body and blood in voluntary submission to God as a sacrifice for sins once, forever, in behalf of all humanity. The theme now takes the form of an urgent call for the readers to place their trust unswervingly in the sufficiency of Jesus as eternal High Priest (10:19-39), motivated by the supreme example of faith and endurance he demonstrated during the days of his flesh (12:1-4). This involvement, moreover, identifies him unashamedly with us as "brothers, " and qualifies him to be our "merciful and faithful High Priest" (v. Jesus' ministry as eternal High Priest includes a mediatorial role that guarantees a better covenant based on better promises ( High Priest, not by the offering up of the blood of animals (9:11-15; 10:1-4). Jesus as God's appointed High Priest offers the ideal sacrifice as he surrenders his will to the will of his Father in offering up himself. They, like we, must risk all to experience the total sufficiency of Jesus, their eternal High Priest for this life and the next. ...
As earlier in the letter, so here the call is to focus on the sufficiency of Jesus our eternal High Priest (vv
Jewels, Jewelry - Second, the High Priest was garbed in fine clothing decorated with jewels (Exodus 28:1 ; Exodus 39:1 ). The ephod worn by the High Priest had an onyx stone, set in gold filigree and engraved with the names of the tribes of...
Israel, on each shoulder. The breastplate of the High Priest (also called the “breastplate of judgment,” Exodus 28:15 ,Exodus 28:15,28:29 ) was made of the finest cloth, interwoven with gold, into which were set two precious stones, in four rows of three each. Thus, the twelve tribes were symbolically present whenever the High Priest ministered before the Lord. The High Priest would have looked quite elegant when presiding in worship
Aaron - Offically, he was represented to be the first of a long line of High Priests, specifically appointed such (Exodus 28:1 f. That continued to be the case in the apostolic period; and it became a familiar thought that the High Priest was a type of Christ, who was viewed as the antitype of all true sacerdotal persons and ministries. In the consecration of the High Priest the supreme act was anointing with oil (Leviticus 8:12), from which, indeed, the designation Messiah (‘anointed one’) arose. As He is the Saviour, so He is the High Priest, of all men, ‘specially of them that believe’ (1 Timothy 4:10)
Veil, Vail - In it were two folding-doors, which are supposed to have been always open, the entrance being concealed by the veil which the High Priest lifted when he entered into the sanctuary on the day of Atonement
Bar-Kochba - Bar-Kochba was the civil leader of the people, and Eleazar was the High Priest
Pharaoh - ...
An ancient pharaoh was an absolute monarch, supreme commander of the armies, chief justice of the royal court, and High Priest of all religion
Ephod - The High Priest's vestment, with the breast-plate and Urim and Thrumhim (some material objects in the bag of the breast-plate, used for consulting Jehovah by casting lots: Speaker's Commentary; but (See High Priest) in it
Throne - The Hebrew word so translated applies to any elevated seat occupied by a person in authority, whether a High Priest, (1 Samuel 1:9 ) a judge, (Psalm 122:5 ) or a military chief (Jeremiah 1:16 ) The use of a chair in a country where the usual postures were squatting and reclining was at all times regarded as a symbol of dignity
Scapegoat - On the Day of Atonement, when the High Priest went once a year into the holy of holies to offer sacrifices for the sins of his family and for all the people, two goats were brought before him
Meshullam - Two heads of priestly houses and a porter in the time of the High Priest Joiakim ( Nehemiah 12:13 ; Nehemiah 12:16 ; Nehemiah 12:25 [1])
Alexander the Great - At the close of the siege he set out for Jerusalem, and was met outside by the entire population, with the High Priest at their head
Holy - Holy of holies, in Scripture, the innermost apartment of the Jewish tabernacle or temple, where the ark was kept,and where no person entered, except the High Priest, once a year
Ark of the Covenant - Here the Shechinah rested both in the tabernacle and temple in a visible cloud; hence were issued the Divine oracles by an audible voice; and the High Priest appeared before the mercy-seat once every year on the great day of expiation; and the Jews, wherever they worshipped, turned their faces towards the place where the ark stood
Mercy Seat - " The place for the mediator to receive divine communications from God, and for the High Priest to approach with the blood of atonement, was the mercy seat
Incense - (Exodus 30:9 ) Aaron, as High Priest, was originally appointed to offer incense each morning and evening
Eli - A noted High Priest and judge of Israel. We do not know how or when the High Priesthood passed from Eleazar's family to that of Ithamar; but because of Eli's sin in not restraining his ungodly sons, it reverted again to the elder line
Sadducees - Many members of the Sanhedrin were Sadducees, Acts 23:6-9 ; and so was the High Priest in the time of Christ seems to have added bitterness to their hatred of Christianity, Acts 4:1 ; 5:17
Priest (2) - Chief Priests and High Priest. Christ is called a priest, or High Priest, in the sense of a sacrificing priest (ἱερεύς, ἀρχιερύς). Any sense of unworthiness would be met by His worthiness, all fear removed by His nearness to them and to God as at once Son of Man and Divine High Priest. The two ideas are seen in Hebrews 3:1, where Christ is called ‘Apostle and High Priest’—‘Apostle’ because sent from God to man, ‘High Priest’ because going from man to God. ...
At this point there are three questions that call for attention, (α) There is no real distinction between ‘Priest’ and ‘High Priest. The difference is one of rank only, the High Priesthood being, as it were, a specialized form. The term ‘high priest’ occurs only nine times in the OT, of which but two are in the Pentateuch, and it is curious that the term is never once applied to Aaron. This clearly shows that there is no real distinction between the two offices, for if there had been an essential difference from the first, Aaron would have been called ‘high priest. ’ Christ is never termed ‘High Priest’ in connexion with Melchizedek, but only when Aaron is under consideration. Stress is laid on the Ascension because that is regarded as the moment of our High Priest’s entrance into heaven on our behalf (Hebrews 9:12; Hebrews 9:24). His work of offering and presentation was finished before He sat down, and it is significant that what the author calls the ‘pith,’ or ‘crowning-point’ (κεφάλαιον) of the Epistle (Hebrews 8:1) is a ‘high priest who is set down. When the High Priest had presented the blood, his work was complete; and if we could imagine him able to remain there in the presence of God, he would stay on the basis of that complete offering and not as continuing to offer or present anything. The High Priest went into the Holy of Holies ‘with blood’; but when Christ’s entrance into heaven is mentioned, He is said to have gone ‘through his own blood,’ i. —The practical and spiritual use made of priesthood in Hebrews gives special point to the emphasis laid on the personal qualifications of our Lord as High Priest
Priest - They stood between the High Priest on the one hand and the Levites on the other. [1] The ceremony of their consecration is described in High Priest - 1986 ( Exodus 29:1 ; Leviticus 8:1 ) . ( John 19:23 ) The white cassock was gathered round the body with a girdle of needle work, in which, as in the more gorgeous belt of the High Priest, blue, purple and scarlet were intermingled with white, and worked in the form of flowers. " The High Priesthood is given to the lowest and vilest of the adherents of the frenzied Zealots
Hebrews, Epistle to the - He is viewed as the Apostle and High Priest, while His work is set forth, of such a nature as to give boldness to the believer to enter into the holiest by a new and living way inaugurated by Christ, who has died and risen, and entered as the great priest over God's house. It became Him in all things to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things relating to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. Accordingly in Hebrews 3 and Hebrews 4 the Hebrews, as partakers of the heavenly calling, are invited to "consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Jesus. Returning from this digression on the 'if,' the writer takes up again the thread from Hebrews 3:6 "Having therefore a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast the confession. " He is a High Priest able to sympathise in believers' infirmities, having been tempted in all things as they are, apart from sin. High Priests among men, as Aaron, had their functions, but were called of God to the dignity. So Christ, addressed by God as His Son, is selected also by Him as High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Witness is then borne to His perfect dependence and obedience in the days of His flesh, and that perfected as High Priest beyond death, He became, to all who obey Him, Author of eternal salvation. They then have strong encouragement, and the hope set before them as an anchor of the soul entering within the veil — into the very presence of God, where Jesus has entered as the forerunner — a High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. The High Priest of Christians is the Son, holy, harmless, undefiled, and as manmade higher than the heavens. Into the first the priests went at all times, but into the second the High Priest only once a year. His work had never to be repeated, like the yearly sacrifices of the High Priests
Altar - Let Jesus be all and in all; both the Sacrifice and the Sacrificer, the High Priest, the Offering, and the Altar
Sacrifice - They were only the "shadow of good things to come," and pointed the worshippers forward to the coming of the great High Priest, who, in the fullness of the time, "was offered once for all to bear the sin of many
Azazel - It was important that the result of the sacrifices offered by the High Priest alone in the sanctuary should be embodied in a visible transaction, and hence the dismissal of the "scape-goat
Sword (2) - The people who came to arrest Jesus were armed with swords and clubs: Jesus’ followers also had two swords, which Jesus declared to be enough; and one of them (Peter) drew his sword and wounded a servant of the High Priest (Matthew 26:47-55, Mark 14:43-48, Luke 22:36-52, John 18:10-11)
Shallum - A High Priest ( 1 Chronicles 6:12-13 ; Ezra 7:2 = Salem of 1E Esther 8:1 and Salemas of 2E Esther 1:1 )
Robbers of Churches - In the latter passage, the term ‘church-robber’ is applied to Lysimachus, brother of Menelaus the High Priest, who was killed in a riot (170 b
Maaseiah - Participant in High Priest Jehoida's revolt which put Joash on the throne (2 Chronicles 23:1 )
Zerubbabel - ...
According to Ezra 3:1 , Zerubbabel and Jeshua (or Joshua, the High Priest) rebuilt the altar and in their second year (538?) laid the foundation of the Temple, but their work was halted by opposition from persons who had remained in Palestine during the Exile (Ezra 4:1-6 ,Ezra 4:1-6,4:24 )
Seraiah - The High Priest under king Zedekiah; taken by Nebuzaradan, captain of the Babylonian guard, and slain at Riblah (2 Kings 25:18; 1 Chronicles 6:14; Jeremiah 52:24)
Offering, Offering up - This word is employed in Hebrews 7:27 , both as to the High Priest 'offering up' sacrifices and to Jesus who 'offered up' Himself
Bell - The blue tunic of the Jewish High Priest was adorned with golden bells and the kings of Persia are said to have the hem of their robe adorned with them in like manner
Jeshua - The High Priest who along with Zerub
Jezebel - Daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre and previously High Priest of the Tyrian Baal; wife of Ahab, king of Israel, of the dynasty of Omri
Aaronic Priesthood - The High Priest was appointed that he might offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins, and might exercise forbearance towards the ignorant and the erring Hebrews 5:1,2
Expiation - The day of Expiation was considered so solemn, and the office of the High Priest so sacred, that fearing he should commit an error when it was finished, and the day over, he changed his dress, blessed the people, and gave a great feast, blessing the Lord that he had come out unhurt from the sanctuary
Eli - a High Priest of the Hebrews, of the race of Ithamar, who succeeded Abdon, and governed the Hebrews, both as priest and judge, during forty years. How Eli came to the High Priesthood, and how this dignity was transferred from Eleazar's family to that of Ithamar, who was Aaron's youngest son, we know not. In the reign of Solomon, the predictions in relation to Eli's family were fulfilled; for the High Priesthood was taken from Abiathar, a descendant of Eli, and given to Zadok, who was of the race of Eleazar, 1 Kings 2:26
Murder - Cities of refuge were appointed for involuntary manslaughter, whither the slayer might retire and continue in safety till the death of the High Priest, Numbers 35:28
Onyx - In 1618089958_37 , a direction is given that two onyx stones should be fastened on the ephod of the High Priest, on which were to be graven the names of the children of Israel, like the engravings on a signet; six of the names on one stone, and six on the other. The onyx of the High Priest's pectoral was, no doubt, the gem onyx; the stone prepared by David was the marble onyx, or rather onychus; for one would hardly think that gems of any kind were used externally in such a building, but variegated marble may readily be admitted
Jeho'Vah - According to Jewish tradition, it was pronounced but once a year, by the High Priest on the day of atonement when he entered the holy of holies; but on this point there is some doubt
Phin'Ehas - After Eleazar's death he became High Priest --the third of the series
Josi'ah - ...
The son of Zephaniah, at whose house took place the solemn and symbolical crowning of Joshua the High Priest
Jehovah - This name, the Tetragrammaton of the Greeks, was held by the later Jews to be so sacred that it was never pronounced except by the High Priest on the great Day of Atonement, when he entered into the most holy place
Council, Councillor - , Matthew 10:17 ; Mark 13:9 ; John 11:47 , in particular, it denoted (b) "the Sanhedrin," the Great Council at Jerusalem, consisting of 71 members, namely, prominent members of the families of the High Priest, elders and scribes
Laying on of Hands - Related to these passages are those that speak of the High Priest raising his hands over the people in order to bless them (Leviticus 9:22 ), a pattern Jesus follows when he, perhaps acting as the great High Priest, blesses his followers immediately before his ascension (Luke 24:50 )
Malchus - ...
The bearer of the name in the Gospel narrative held a position of trust in the household of the High Priest, probably Caiaphas (John 18:13). If John was the unnamed disciple who was ‘known unto the High Priest’ (John 18:15), possibly because he supplied the family of Annas with fish (according to an old tradition; cf
Alexander the Great - The High Priest Jaddua, being warned of God in a vision, hung the city with garlands and went forth in his robes with the other priests and the people in white to meet the king. On seeing these Alexander was arrested, fell to the ground and then embraced the High Priest
Anointing - (b) Priests, at the first institution of the Levitical priesthood, were all anointed to their offices, the sons of Aaron as well as Aaron himself, Exodus 40:15; Numbers 3:3; but afterwards, anointing seems not to have been repeated at the consecration of ordinary priests, but to have been especially reserved for the High Priest, Exodus 29:29; Leviticus 16:32; so that "the priest that is anointed," Leviticus 4:3, is generally thought to mean the High Priest, (c) Kings
Joash - When his grandmother Athaliah attempted to cut off all the seed royal, Joash, then an infant, was hidden and preserved by his aunt, Jehosheba, the wife of Jehoiada the High Priest. But on the death of the High Priest, the princes of Judah and the king turned to idolatry
Veil of the Temple - " Into this second tabernacle within the veil "the High Priest alone went once every year, not without blood which he offered for himself and for the sins of the people; the Holy Spirit this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing . But Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands . Neither can serve God at a distance, nor by deputy, as the natural man would wish; each must come for himself, and by union with our one Royal High Priest who, as He never dies, has a priesthood which passeth not from, one to another (margin Hebrews 7:24)
Bezer - All the days his High Priest liveth no condemnation can fall upon him; and that is for ever!...
That the appointment of those cities (which were six in number), had an eye to Christ cannot be doubted, because a provision for the manslayer, if referring only to temporal things, might have been made in a much easier and more simple way. " (John 8:36) Moreover, the manslayer among the Jews had freedom only upon the death of the High Priest, but our great High Priest giveth freedom both while we live on earth, and hereafter in heaven; and "he himself abideth a priest for ever
Mediator, Mediation - Under the Law the people could approach God only through the Aaronic priesthood; but the mediatorial function was peculiarly vested in, and exemplified by, the High Priest. Deuteronomy 10:8 ; Deuteronomy 33:8 , prerogatives of the High Priest). This twofold aspect of the high-priestly function, as the Epistle to the Hebrews seeks to show, is in a perfect and abiding way realized in Christ, who is thus the one true Mediator, our ‘great High Priest, who hath passed through the heavens’ ( Hebrews 4:14 )
Trial of Jesus - Annas was father-in-law of the High Priest Caiaphas. He had been High Priest himself from A. The High Priest mentioned in John 18:19 may have been Annas
Uriah - High Priest in the reign of Ahaz; called a ‘faithful witness’ in Isaiah 8:2 , but subservient to the innovations of Ahaz in 2 Kings 16:10-16
Degrees, Songs of - The temple was completed under Zerubbabel the governor and Joshua the High Priest, with the help of the prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2; Ezra 6:14)
Headdress - It and the flowing outer "robe" characterize an oriental grandee or High Priest (Zechariah 3:5). ...
The High Priest's "mitre" was a twisted band of linen coiled into a cap, like a turban, with a plate or crown of gold in front,
Melchizedek - ...
Jesus Christ is a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek, and his priesthood is complete and eternal. In this way he foreshadowed Christ, whose priesthood is for all people of all eras and all nations (Hebrews 7:3; Hebrews 7:15-17; see PRIEST, sub-heading ‘The High Priesthood of Jesus’)
Manoah - But when they behold him thus go up in the flame, to give an acceptableness to their poor sacrifice, then they knew that it was that Glorious Holy One whom JEHOVAH had sworn into his office as High Priest for ever
Advocate - See Helper ; Paraclete ; Intercession ; Jesus Christ , High Priest
Micah - A man of Mount Ephraim, whose history reveals the sad state of private life in Israel, as well as the mixture of idolatry with the name of Jehovah, early in the times of the Judges, Phinehas being still High Priest
Shiloh - 2560 till 2888, when it was taken by the Philistines, under the administration of the High Priest Eli
Benediction - The solemn blessing pronounced by the Jewish High Priest upon the people, is recorded Numbers 6:22 , &c: "The Lord bless thee, and keep thee: the Lord make his face to shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: the Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace
Athaliah - But Jehosheba, the sister of Ahaziah, by the father's side only, was at this time married to Jehoiada, the High Priest; and while Athaliah's executioners were murdering the rest, she conveyed Joash the son of Ahaziah away, and kept him and his nurse concealed in an apartment of the temple, during six years
Conversations - This explains the answer of the Saviour to the High Priest Caiaphas in Matthew 26:64 , when he was asked whether he was the Christ, the Son of God, and replied, Συ ειπας , Thou hast said
he'Brews, Epistle to the - The writer of this epistle meets the Hebrew Christians on their own ground, showing that the new faith gave them Christ the Son of God, more prevailing than the High Priest as an intercessor; that his Sabbath awaited them, his covenant, his atonement, his city heavenly not made with hands
Sadducees - They were found in the supreme council; and in the time of Christ and the apostles a Sadducee filled the office of High Priest
Consecration - Being the believer’s great High Priest, he offered himself as the perfect sacrifice (Hebrews 10:11-14; see PRIEST)
Holy Communion - It is the great Commemorative Sacrifice of the Church,unbloody, mystical and spiritual; accompanying the PerpetualOblation of Himself which our great High Priest, Jesus Christ,makes in Heaven, where He ever liveth and intercedes for us
Sadducees - Later, a dispute concerning the Hasmonean ruler’s right to be High Priest led to the open formation of the Sadducee and Pharisee parties. The High Priest, who was president of the Sanhedrin, was a Sadducee, and through him and his close associates the Sadducees exercised much power in the Sanhedrin (Acts 4:1-3; Acts 5:17-21; see SANHEDRIN)
Zechariah, Book of - They settled in Jerusalem under the leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the High Priest Joshua, and set about rebuilding the city and the temple (Ezra 1:1-4; Ezra 2:1-2). A short narrative recounts the crowning of the High Priest (6:9-15)
Anoint - Though priests in general were at first anointed, afterward anointing was restricted to the High Priest, called "the priest that is anointed:" the perfume used was of stacte, onycha, and galbanum, with pure frankincense, and it was death to imitate it. Antitypically, to Christ, the true High Priest alone, belongs the fullness of the Spirit, which it is blasphemy to arrogate
Festivals - ...
The center point of this feast involved the High Priest entering the holy of holies. Before entering, the High Priest first bathed his entire body, going beyond the mere washing of hands and feet as required for other occasions. Also, the High Priest sacrificed a bullock as a sin offering for himself and for his house (Leviticus 16:6 ). ...
According to Hebrews 9-10 , this ritual is a symbol of the atoning work of Christ, our great High Priest, who did not need to make any sacrifice for Himself but shed His own blood for our sins. As the High Priest of the Old Testament entered the holy of holies with the blood of sacrificial animals, Jesus entered heaven itself to appear on our behalf in front of the Father (Hebrews 9:11-12 ). Each year the High Priest repeated his sin offerings for his own sin and the sins of the people, giving an annual reminder that perfect and permanent atonement had not yet been made; but Jesus, through His own blood, accomplished eternal redemption for His people (Hebrews 9:12 )
Gerizim - 2–4) is that Manasseh, brother of Jaddua, High Priest at Jerusalem, married the daughter of Sanballat (Nehemiah 4). Gerizim, and made him its first High Priest. According to Nehemiah 13:28, a grandson of Eliashib the High Priest was son-in-law to Sanballat, and was expelled for this ‘mixed marriage
Urim And Thummim - The High Priests of the Jews, we are told, consulted God in the most important affairs of their commonwealth, and received answers by the Urim and Thummim. Prideaux espouses, is, that when the High Priest appeared before the veil, clothed with his ephod and breastplate, to ask counsel of God, the answer was given with an audible voice from the mercy seat, within the veil; but, it has been observed, that this account will by no means agree with the history of David's consulting the oracle by Abiathar, 1 Samuel 23:9 ; 1 Samuel 23:11 ; 1 Samuel 30:7-8 ; because the ark, on which was the mercy seat, was then at Kirjathjearim; whereas David was in the one case at Ziklag, and in the other in the forest of Hareth. Braunius and Hottinger have adopted another opinion: they suppose, that, when Moses is commanded to put in the breastplate the Urim and Thummim, signifying lights and perfections in the plural number, it was meant that he should make choice of the most perfect set of stones, and have them so polished as to give the brightest lustre; and, on this hypothesis, the use of the Urim and Thummim, or of these exquisitely polished jewels, was only to be a symbol of the divine presence, and of the light and perfection of the prophetic inspiration; and, as such, constantly to be worn by the High Priest in the exercise of his sacred function, especially in consulting the oracle. After the death of Moses a different mode was appointed for consulting the oracle by the High Priest, who put on "the breastplate of judgment," a principal part of the pontifical dress, on which were inscribed the words Urim and Thummim, emblematieal of divine illumination; as the inscription on his mitre, "Holiness to the Lord," was of sanctification, Exodus 28:30-37 ; Leviticus 8:8
Sanhedrin (2) - (3) On Hasmonaean coins הָבֶר ‘collegium,’ is associated with the reigning High Priest, and presumably designates the Sanhedrin. The High Priest was president of the court according to Josephus and NT (cf. Acts 5:17, which testifies not only to the presidency of the High Priest, but also to the fact that the priestlyparty was Sadducee; cf. This is in agreement with the general constitution of the post-exilic Jewish community, in which civil-as well as religious authority was in the hands of the High Priest. See Chief Priests, High Priest. According to the Greek sources, as appears from the above, the Sanhedrin was composed of chief priests, elders, and scribes, and was presided over by the High Priest. The irreconcilability of the two representations is most marked in the answer they give to the question, Who was the President of the Sanhedrin? We have lists of Rabbis filling the offices of Nasi and Ab-beth-din during the two centuries preceding the destruction of Jerusalem, whereas the Greek sources furnish explicit evidence that during this period the High Priest presided. At its head was the High Priest, who was assisted by a γερουσία consisting chiefly of members of the aristocratic sacerdotal caste. Pompey abrogated the kingship, but left the High Priest at the head of the people and of the Sanhedrin, as heretofore
Hananiah - A priest immediately after the time of return from Babylonian Exile (Nehemiah 12:12 ) when Joiakim was High Priest
Machabees, the - A period of peace followed in which Jonathan ruled as High Priest in Jerusalem, but Tryphon, who was plotting for the throne of Asia, treacherously captured him at ptolemais and later put him to death
Jonathan - ...
...
Son of the High Priest Abiathar, and one who adhered to David at the time of Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15:27,36 )
Pharisees - , "pious ones," were a society of men zealous for religion, who acted under the guidance of the scribes, in opposition to the godless Hellenizing party; they scrupled to oppose the legitimate High Priest even when he was on the Greek side
Eleazar - ...
With Moses he superintended the census (Numbers 26:3), inaugurated Joshua whom Moses set before him (for Joshua was in this inferior to Moses, who had direct intercourse with God; Joshua must ask divine counsel through the High Priest), and divided the Midianite spoil (Numbers 27:22; Numbers 31:21). The High Priesthood passed to Ithamar's line in the person of Eli, but for the sin of Eli's sons reverted to Eleazar's line in the person of Zadok (1 Samuel 2:27; 1 Chronicles 6:8; 1 Chronicles 24:3; 1 Kings 2:27)
Reformation - It was when Christ, the ‘High Priest of the good things to come,’ appeared that all defects inherent in the ancient system were remedied
Sanctuary - Whether the earthly sanctuary, which he at once magnifies and depreciates, was the creation of Moses or of Ezekiel and Ezra, it has now had its day and must cease to be, since the true High Priest has passed into the heavenly sanctuary, and become the minister of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man (Hebrews 9:1-2)
Beloved Disciple - A disciple was known to the High Priest and at the trial of Jesus managed to get Peter into the court area (John 18:15 )
Joash - On the murder of his brethren by Athaliah, he was saved by his aunt Jehosheba, the wife of Jehoiada the High Priest, who hid him for six years in one of the rooms of the temple
Eli - Descendant of Ithamar, and High Priest in Israel
Stephen - Stephen appeared in the midst of this assembly, with a countenance like that of an angel; and the High Priest asking him what he had to answer, in his defence, he rapidly traced the history of the Jews, showing that they had always opposed themselves to God and his prophets; faithfully upbraided them with the hardness of their hearts, with their putting the prophets to death, and, lastly, with slaying Christ himself
Christ - , the word "Messiah," a term applied to the priests who were anointed with the holy oil, particularly the High Priest, e
Purple - Moses used much wool dyed of a crimson and used much wool dyed of a crimson and purple color in the work of the tabernacle, and in the ornaments of the High Priest, Exodus 25:4 26:1,31,36 39:1 2 Chronicles 3:14
Joash or Jehoash - But afterwards he followed less wholesome counsels; idolatry revived; and when Zechariah the High Priest rebuked the guilty people, the ungrateful king caused this servant of God, the son of his benefactor, to be stoned to death
Pilate or Pontius Pilate - When Jesus had been condemned by the High Priest and the Sanhedrin, he was brought before Pilate the governor, without whose consent he could not be executed
Eli - Descendant of Ithamar, and High Priest in Israel
Haggai - There they began to establish a new community under the leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the High Priest Joshua (Ezra 1:1-4; Ezra 2:1-2)
Advocate - ...
Another picture of the risen Christ’s work on behalf of his people is that of High Priesthood. He is his people’s great High Priest, who understands their needs and appears in the presence of God to plead for them (Hebrews 7:25; Hebrews 9:24). (For further details see PRIEST, sub-heading ‘The High Priesthood of Jesus’
Refuge - He was not, however, immediately liberated; but, to inspire the greater horror even of involuntary murder, it seems as if the law would punish it by a kind of banishment; for he was obliged to dwell in the city, without going out of it, till the death of the High Priest; and if before that time he was imprudent enough to leave the city, the avenger of blood might safely kill him; but after the death of the High Priest, he was at liberty to go whither he pleased without molestation
Jeshua - First High Priest of the third series, namely, that which succeeded the Babylonian captivity; ancestor of the 14 High Priests down to Joshua (or Jason) and Onias (or Menelaus)
Priest - The Aaronic priesthood became the temporary depository of all Israel's priesthood, until Christ the antitypical High Priest came; and they shall hereafter resume it when they turn to the Lord and shall be "the priests of Jehovah, the ministers of our God" to the Gentile nations in Christ's millennial kingdom (Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 66:21). Thus there will be a blessed and holy series; Christ the royal High Priest, the glorified saint king-priests, Israel in the flesh mediating as king-priest to the nations in the flesh. The notion is contrary to Scripture that Christ is High Priest, and Christian ministers priests. For the other priests were but assistants to the High Priest, because he could not do all. The Lord Jesus needed no assistant, so is sole representative of both High Priest and priests. The High Priest bad access only once a year, on the day of atonement, into the holiest, and that after confessing his own sin as well as the people's (Hebrews 7:27), and laying aside his magnificent robes of office for plain linen. (See High Priest; LEVITES. The ephod , originally the High Priest's (Exodus 28:6-12; Exodus 39:2-5), was subsequently assumed by the priests (1 Samuel 22:18) and those taking part in religious processions (2 Samuel 6:14). The High Priest was to marry a virgin. " In the New Testament when the High Priesthood was no longer for life, the ex-high priests were called by the same name (archiereis ); both had seats in the Sanhedrin
Alexander - 11:8, section 5) says that Alexander meeting the High Priest Jaddua (Nehemiah 12:11-22) said that at Dium in Macedonia he had a divine vision so habited, inviting him to Asia and promising him success. Alexander at the sight of the linen arrayed priests, and the High Priest in blue and gold with the miter and gold plate on his head bearing Jehovah's name, adored it, and embraced him; and having been shown Daniel's prophecies concerning him, he sacrificed to God in the court of the temple, and granted the Jews liberty to live according to their own laws, and freedom from tribute in the sabbatical years. A kinsman of Annas the High Priest (Acts 4:6); supposed the same as Alexander the alabarch (governor of the Jews) at Alexandria, brother of Philo-Judaeus, an ancient friend of the emperor Claudius
Type - The High Priest was a living representative of the great "High Priest of our profession," Hebrews 3:1 : and the Levitical sacrifices plainly had respect to the one great sacrifice for sins. And when the temple was rebuilt, Joshua, the son of Josedech, the High Priest, and his fellows, were set forth as "men of sign," representatives of the Branch, which should, in the fulness of time, be raised up to the stem of Jesse, Zechariah 3:8 ; Isaiah 11:1
Priests And Levites - ]'>[1] , the Jewish hierarchy was threefold, including High Priest, priest, and Levite, distinguished by different functions and different privileges. The High Priest...
1 . His consecration...
The High Priest, who is the eldest son of his predecessor in the office, is consecrated by an elaborate ritual consisting of washing, solemn vesting in his robes, anointing by pouring oil on the head, and several sacrificial rites, among them the sprinkling with blood and the anointing with oil of different parts of the body. The distinctive vestments of the High Priest, in addition to those worn by all priests (B. The special duties of the High Priest included the offering of a daily meal-offering ( Leviticus 6:19-20 , where the words ‘in the day when he is anointed’ are probably a later interpolation). The priests who belonged to the family of Aaron were consecrated by special ceremonies like those of the High Priest, but less elaborate ( Exodus 29:1-46 , Leviticus 8:1-36 ). These did not, however, include, in later times at any rate, anointing, the High Priest being called by way of distinction ‘the anointed priest’ ( Leviticus 4:1-35 passim , cf. Then they were solemnly presented to God, the High Priest laying his hands on them, and were required to present two bullocks, one as a burnt-offering, the other as a sin-offering ( Numbers 8:5-22 ). The High Priesthood descended in one line by primogeniture. In 1 Samuel 2:18-19 the two parts of the dress of Samuel, the ephod and the robe, are, in name at any rate, what afterwards belonged to the peculiar dress of the High Priest ( Exodus 28:6-12 ; Exodus 28:31-35 )
Crown - ...
Both the king and the High Priest of Israel wore crowns, but we have been told more about the latter than the former (Exodus 28:36-37 ; Exodus 29:6 , Leviticus 8:9 )
Zachariah, Zacharias - Husband of Elisabeth, and father of John the Baptist, a priest of the course of Abijah ( Luke 1:5 ) this was one of the twenty-four courses of priests, but clearly not the High Priest, as the Apocryphal Gospel called Protevangelion makes him (§ 8)
Zadok - From the time of Solomon the descendants of Zadok constituted the most prominent family among the priests, the High Priests being taken from them till the time of the Maccabees. A High Priest later than 1 ( 1 Chronicles 6:12 Zerubbabel - Both Haggal and Zechariah point to Zerubbabel and the High Priest Joshua as those who are to re-build the Temple ( Haggai 1:1-8 ; Haggai 2:9-18 , Zechariah 4:1-14 ); this was done, though after consideraable delay owing to enemies of the Jews; it was only after a special appeal had been made to Darius that the work was proceeded with unimpeded ( Ezra 6:1 ff
Bells - In Exodus 28:33-34, small golden bells are mentioned (72 according to the rabbis) as alternating with blue, purple, and scarlet pomegranates, on the hem of the High Priest's ephod. The High Priest alone was admitted, as wearing the robe of God's word and bearing the divine testimony, upon which the covenant fellowship was founded which ensured his not dying. "Holiness unto the Lord," inscribed on even the horse bells, whereas formerly it was only on the plate of the High Priest's miter (Exodus 28:36), marks that sanctity shall, in the coming day of the Lord, invest even the common occupations and things of life
Priests - See Levites ; High Priest ; Aaron
Way (2) - Saul ‘desired of the High Priest letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any that were of the Way, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem
Ascension - ...
As forerunner He has entered into heaven for the saints, and has been made a High Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec
Christ, the Christ, - ' The same word is used in reference to the High Priest and the king as God's anointed; but the Lord Jesus is emphatically 'the Anointed,' this being the signification of the Word 'the Christ' which should be read in many places in the N
Shoulder - ...
Deuteronomy 18:3 (c) This may represent the fact that Christians give to their High Priest, CHRIST JESUS, the strength, vigor and power of their shoulders, which represents their work and service
Pergamos - The "white stone" is the glistering diamond, the Urim ("light") in the High Priest's breast-plate; "none" but the High Priest "knew the name" on it, probably Jehovah
Dreams - But the people were not forbidden, when they thought they had a significative dream, to address the prophets of the Lord, or the High Priest in his ephod, to have it explained
Zeal - Sometimes it is taken for envy: so we render it, Acts 5:17 , where we read, "The High Priest, and all that were with him, were filled with envy," επλησθησαν ζηλου : although it might as well be rendered, "were filled with zeal
Compassion, Compassionate - , "sympathy"), to have "compassion" upon, Hebrews 10:34 , of "compassionating" those in prison, is translated "be touched with" in Hebrews 4:15 , of Christ as the High Priest
Num'Bers, - Such, for instance, is the blessing of the High Priest
Laying on of Hands - It may have been a transferal of sin, such as happened when the High Priest confessed the sins of Israel over the head of a goat on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:21-22); or it may have been a transferal of good, such as happened when a father passed on his blessing to his children (Genesis 48:14-16; cf
Opposition - It culminated in the illegal trial before the High Priest and the Sanhedrin, and the arraignment before Pontius Pilate
Sep'Tuagint - This letter which is dressed by Aristeas to his brother Philocrates, gives a glowing account of the origin of the Septuagint; of the embassy and presents sent by King Ptolemy to the High Priest at Jerusalem, by the advice of Demetrius Phalereus, his librarian, 30 talents of gold and 70 talents of silver, etc. ; the Jewish slaves whom he set free, paying their ransom himself the letter of the king: the answer of the High Priest; the choosing of six interpreters from each of the twelve tribes and their names; the copy of the law, in letters of gold; the feast prepared for the seventy two, which continued for seven days; the questions proposed to each of the interpreters in turn, with the answers of each; their lodging by the seashore and the accomplishment of their work in seventy
Tithes - ...
The Levites received this terumot ; they in turn paid a tenth of this to the High Priest (Numbers 18:21-28; Numbers 18:31). Azariah the High Priest told Hezekiah: "since the people began to bring the offerings into the house of the Lord we have bad enough to eat, and have left plenty, for the Lord hath blessed His people, and that which is left is this great store" (2 Chronicles 31:10)
Eli - Ascent, the High Priest when the ark was at Shiloh (1 Samuel 1:3,9 )
Palace - In the New Testament it designates the official residence of Pilate or that of the High Priest ( Matthew 26:3,58,69 ; Mark 14:54,66 ; John 18:15 )
Throne - He, as the great High Priest, is the believer’s mediator before God in heaven, bringing the believer’s real desires to the throne of God (Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:24-25; Hebrews 8:1)
Ruler - He was a priest, second in command to the High Priest himself, and had under him the officers who commanded the Temple police. In Acts 3:17, Acts 4:5; Acts 4:8, Acts 13:27 ἄρχοντες is used of the Jews in authority who had Jesus put to death, and therefore includes the High Priests (cf
Nob - The High Priest Ahimelech's residence in Saul's time, near Anathoth and Gibeah of Saul
Veil - Only the High Priest was allowed to pass through the veil and then only on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:2 )
Stones - They were used in the breastplate of the High Priest, Solomon garnished the temple with them, and they also abound in the description of the New Jerusalem in the Revelation
Zerubbabel - ...
Zerubbabel was aided by Jeshua the High Priest, and at once began to build
Camp - Compare these Old Testament occurrences with the use of “camp” in Hebrews 13:11: “For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the High Priest for sin, are burned without the camp
Concise Chronological Table of Bible History - (Ochus)...
351-331...
Jaddua High Priest at J
On - Here, also, in the time of Ptolemy Philadelphus, leave was obtained of that king by Onias, High Priest of the Jews, to build a temple, when dispossessed of his office by Antiochus; which was long used by the Hellenist Jews
Incense - Upon the great, day of expiation, the High Priest took incense, or perfume, pounded and ready for being put into the censer, and threw it upon the fire the moment he went into the sanctuary
Expiation - On this day alone the High Priest entered the Most Holy Place, Hebrews 9:7 ; but the various rites of the day required him to enter several times
Author - Aitios, in Hebrews 5:9 , describes Christ as the "Author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey Him," signifying that Christ, exalted and glorified as our High Priest, on the ground of His finished work on earth, has become the personal mediating cause (RV, margin) of eternal salvation
Joshua - Son of Josedech: High Priest, who on the return from exile was called upon to be strong in building the temple
Hilkiah - High Priest (2 Kings 22:4, etc. ...
Still the place where it was found, the temple, and its not having been found before but only brought to light during the repairs, and that by the High Priest, identify it with the original temple copy deposited by Moses' command by the side of the ark within the veil (Deuteronomy 31:9; Deuteronomy 31:26)
Heaven - Hebrews 7:26, "made higher than the heavens," for Christ "passed through the heavens" (Hebrews 4:14, Greek), namely, the aerial heaven and the starry heaven, the veil through which our High Priest passed into the heaven of heavens, the immediate presence of God, as the Levitical High Priest passed through the veil into the holy of belies
Levi - With him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; and with him only could the Urim and Thummim be said to be, and with him to be for ever; for though the High Priest wore on his breast the representations of the Urim and the Thummim, yet during the Babylonish captivity all this was done away, and never after was it restored under the second temple. Here, reader, is brought the pure incense, and that whole burnt sacrifice, Christ Jesus upon JEHOVAH'S altar; even Christ himself, who is both the New Testament altar of JEHOVAH, the High Priest, and the sacrifice
Aaron - (awehr' uhn) Moses' brother; Israel's first High Priest. Israel mourned for their first High Priest thirty days (Numbers 20:29 ), as they soon would mourn for Moses (Deuteronomy 34:8 )
Ascension of Jesus Christ - The New Testament authors theologically distinguish the event by connecting it to the atoning work of Jesus on the cross, the High Priestly ministry of the exalted Christ, the regaining of Christ's glory with the Father, the sending of the Holy Spirit, the present power of Christ as ruler over all authorities and dominions in heaven and earth, and the fact that Jesus ascends for the benefit of his people. ...
Ascension and Atonement Particularly for the author of Hebrews, the ascension bridges the gap between the earthly work of Jesus Christ on the cross and his heavenly ministry as High Priest, offering his sacrifice on the altar before the throne of God. This High Priest is now seated "at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven" (8:1), signifying that there is no more act of sacrifice necessary; he neither sacrifices perpetually in heaven, nor is there any sacrifice on earth that can add to his death on the cross (10:11-14). Only the ascended Jesus is powerful enough as the one who, like Melchizedek, has the power of an indestructible life (7:16) to enter before the throne of grace as a High Priest who is "exalted above the heavens" to offer himself once for all (7:26-27). Hebrews emphasizes that his going into the "inner shrine" was "on our behalf" (6:20; 9:24 NRSV), and that since we have "a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens let us hold fast to our confession" (4:14 NRSV)
Jews - Joshua was the son of Josedec, the High Priest, and grandson of Seraiah, who was High Priest when the temple was destroyed. From his time it was included in the jurisdiction of the governor of Syria, and under him the High Priest had the chief authority. When Alexander the Great was preparing to besiege Tyre, he sent to Jaddua, the High Priest at Jerusalem, to supply him with that quantity of provisions which he was accustomed to send to Persia. Alexander, visibly struck with this solemn appearance, immediately laid aside his hostile intentions, advanced toward the High Priest, embraced him, and paid adoration to the name of God, which was inscribed upon the frontlet of his mitre: he afterward went into the city with the High Priest, and offered sacrifices in the temple to the God of the Jews. This sudden change in the disposition of Alexander excited no small astonishment among his followers; and when his favourite Parmenio inquired of him the cause, he answered, that it was occasioned by the recollection of a remarkable dream he had in Macedonia, in which a person, dressed precisely like the Jewish High Priest, had encouraged him to undertake the conquest of Persia, and had promised him success: he therefore adored the name of that God by whose direction he believed he acted, and showed kindness to his people. They divided the land, which now began to be called Palestine, into five provinces, three of which were on the west side of the Jordan, namely, Galilee, Samaria, and Judea, and two on the east side, namely, Trachonitis and Persia; but they suffered them to be governed by their own laws, under the High Priest and council of the nation. The evils to which the Jews were exposed from these foreign powers were considerably aggravated by the corruption and misconduct of their own High Priests, and other persons of distinction among them. Near Jerusalem places were appropriated to gymnastic exercises; and the people were led by Jason, who had obtained the High Priesthood from Antiochus Epiphanes by the most dishonourable means, to neglect the temple worship, and the observance of the law, in a far greater degree than, at any period since their return from the captivity. He was also made High Priest, and from that time the Maccabaean princes continued to be High Priests. He appointed Hyrcanus High Priest, but would not allow him to take the title of king; he gave him, however, the specious name of prince, with very limited authority. Herod considerably enlarged the kingdom of Judea, but it continued tributary to the Romans; he greatly depressed the civil power of the High Priesthood, and changed it from being hereditary and for life to an office granted and held at the pleasure of the monarch; and this sacred office was now often given to those who paid the highest price for it, without any regard to merit: he was an inexorable, cruel tyrant to his people, and even to his children, three of whom he put to death; a slave to his passions, and indifferent by what means he gratified his ambition; but to preserve the Jews in subjection, and to erect a lasting monument to his own name, he repaired the temple of Jerusalem at a vast expense, and added greatly to its magnificence. Justice was administered in the name and by the laws of Rome; though in what concerned their religion, their own laws, and the power of the High Priest, and sanhedrim, or great council, were continued to them; and they were allowed to examine witnesses, and exercise an inferior jurisdiction in other causes, subject to the control of the Romans, to whom their tetrarchs or kings were also subject; and it may be remarked that, at this very period of time, our Saviour, who was now in the twelfth year of his age, being at Jerusalem with Joseph and Mary upon occasion of the passover, appeared first in the temple in his prophetic office, and in the business of his Father, on which he was sent, sitting among the doctors of the temple, and declaring the truth of God to them
Music, Instrumental - ...
The paamon, the "bells" on the robe of the High Priest (Exodus 28:33 ; 39:25 )
Denial - Subsequent to the resurrection and ascension of Christ into heaven as our eternal High Priest, unmitigating denial of Christ is identified as the sin of antichrist (1 John 2:22-23 )
Michael - Certainly the Angel of Jehovah, or Jehovah the Second Person, in pleading for Joshua the High Priest representing the Jewish church, uses the same rebuke to Satan as Michael does in Judges 1:9; Zechariah 3:1-5
Joshua - High Priest of community who returned from Babylonian Exile in 538 B
Malchus - ) The assault by Peter on the High Priest's servant (slave), when in the act of arresting Jesus, is given by all the evangelists, but the name of the servant by John only (John 18:10; John 18:15-16). Malchus was Caiaphas the High Priest's own servant, not a minister or apparitor of the council
Samaritan Pentateuch - Besides the Pentateuch in Phoenician characters, there is another in the language which was spoken at the time that Manasseh, first High Priest of the temple of Gerizim, and son-in-law of Sanballat, governor of Samaria, under the king of Persia, took shelter among the Samaritans
Uri'ah - ...
High priest in the reign of Ahaz
Rending of Garments - In this case the High Priest was enjoined to rend ‘both his outer and his inner garments with a rent that could never be repaired
Oil - ...
Hebrews 1:9 (b) This describes the blessed anointing of CHRIST to be both Lord and Saviour, High Priest and King
Abomination of Desolation - They had taken possession of the temple, and having made a profane country fellow, Phannias, their High Priest, they made a mock of the sacred rites of the law
Christ - Some types of CHRIST:...
Aaron, Exodus 28:2 (c)...
Adam, Genesis 5:2 (c)...
Ark, (covenant), Exodus 25:10 (c)...
Ark, (Noah's), Genesis 6:14 (c)...
Ass, Genesis 49:14 (c)...
Author, Hebrews 5:9 (c)...
Bishop, 1 Peter 2:25 (a)...
Body, 1 Corinthians 12:12 (a)...
Branch, Zechariah 3:8 (a)...
Bread, John 6:51 (a)...
Bridegroom, Matthew 25:1 (b)...
Bullock, Leviticus 1:5 (c)...
Burnt Offering, Leviticus 1:3 (b)...
Calf, Revelation 4:7 (b)...
Captain, Hebrews 2:10 (a)...
Chief, Song of Solomon 5:10 (b)...
Commander, Isaiah 55:4 (b)...
Cornerstone, Isaiah 28:16 (a)...
Covert, Isaiah 32:2 (a)...
David, 2 Samuel 19:10 (c)...
Day, Psalm 118:24 (b)...
Door, John 10:9 (a)...
Eagle, Revelation 4:7 (b)...
Flour, Leviticus 2:1 (c)...
Foundation, Isaiah 28:16 (b)...
Fountain, Zechariah 13:1 (b)...
Garment, Isaiah 61:10 (b), Romans 13:14...
Gate, Psalm 118:20 (b)...
Gold, Isaiah 13:12 (a)...
Headstone, Psalm 113:22 (b)...
Heir, Hebrews 1:2 (a)...
Hen, Matthew 23:37 (a)...
Hiding Place, Isaiah 32:2 (a)...
High Priest, Hebrews 4:14 (a)...
Isaac, Genesis 24:36 (c)...
Jacob, Genesis 32:28 (c)...
Jonah, Matthew 12:40 (a)...
Joseph, Genesis 37:7 (c)...
Joshua, Joshua 1:1 (c)...
Judge, Acts 17:31 (a)...
King, Psalm 2:6 (a)...
Lamb, Revelation 5:6 (a)...
Leaves, Revelation 22:2 (c)...
Light, John 8:12 (a)...
Lily of the Valleys, Song of Solomon 2:1 (c)...
Lion, Revelation 5:5 (a)...
Manna, John 6:32 (a)...
Master of the House, Luke 13:25 (b)...
Meal, 2 Kings 4:41 (c)...
Mediator (umpire), 1 Timothy 2:5 (a)...
Melchizedek, Genesis 14:18 (c)...
Merchantman, Matthew 13:45 (b)...
Owl, Psalm 102:6 (a)...
Ox:, Ezekiel 1:10 (b)...
Passover, 1 Corinthians 5:7 (a)...
Peace Offering, Leviticus 3:1 (c)...
Pelican, Psalm 102:6 (a)...
Physician, Jeremiah 8:22 (c)...
Pigeon, Leviticus 12:6 (c)...
Propitiation (mercy seat), Romans 3:25 (a)...
Ram, Genesis 22:13 (a)...
Rock, Matthew 16:18 (a)...
Rock of Ages, Isaiah 26:4 (margin) (a)...
Rose of Sharon, Song of Solomon 2:1 (c)...
Root, Revelation 22:16 (a)...
Sabbath, Colossians 2:16-17 (b)...
Seed, Genesis 3:15 (a)...
Serpent, John 3:14 (a)...
Shepherd, John 10:11 (a)...
Sin, 2 Corinthians 5:21 (a)...
Sin Offering, Leviticus 4:32 (c)...
Solomon, 1 Kings 10:13 (c)...
Sower, Matthew 13:37 (a)...
Sparrow, Psalm 102:7 (a)...
Star, Revelation 22:16 (a)...
Sun, Malachi 4:2 (a)...
Temple, John 2:19 (a)...
Thief, Revelation 3:3 (a)...
Tree, Revelation 22:2 (b)...
Trespass Offering, Leviticus 5:6 (c)...
Turtle dove, Leviticus 1:14 (c)...
Vine, John 15:5 (a)...
Worm, Psalm 22:6 (a)...
Star - ...
Amos 5:26 (b) Each idol was represented by a High Priest or a chief priest who had charge of the worship of that idol
Samuel - At a very tender age he was carried to Shiloh, and brought up beside the tabernacle under the care of Eli the High Priest
Jon'Athan, - ) ...
The son of Abiathar, the High Priest, is the last descendant of Eli of whom we hear anything. ) ...
Son of Joiada, and his successor in the High Priesthood
Consider - 4), "to understand fully, consider closely," is used of not "considering" thoroughly the beam in one's own eye, Matthew 7:3 ; Luke 6:41 (AV, "perceivest"); of carefully "considering" the ravens, Luke 12:24 ; the lilies, Luke 12:27 ; of Peter's full "consideration" of his vision, Acts 11:6 ; of Abraham's careful "consideration" of his own body, and Sarah's womb, as dead, and yet accepting by faith God's promise, Romans 4:19 (RV); of "considering" fully the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Hebrews 3:1 ; of thoughtfully "considering" one another to provoke unto love and good works, Hebrews 10:24
Sanctuary - In the Old Testament earthly sanctuary there was a tabernacle (tent) or building in which there was an outer room called "the Holy Place" separated by a veil from an inner room called "the Most Holy Place, " which only the High Priest could enter and even he only once a year. Jesus entered the "holy of holies" of the "heavenly" sanctuary for us (9:25; Leviticus 8:10) when he sacrificed his own body as our High Priest once for all (9:24-25)
Sadducees - " The latter is probably from their connection with the house of Boethus, from which came several High Priests during the New Testament period. ...
In Acts 5:17 those with the High Priest are identified as "the party of the Sadducees. By the time of the New Testament they appear to be the majority in the Sanhedrin, over which the High Priest presided
Consecrate, Consecration - Jesus, as High Priest, is ‘perfected’ for evermore, as distinct from the τελείωσις of the Aaronic priesthood. ζῶσαν implies ‘a way that really leads and carries all who enter it into the heavenly rest,’ as opposed to ‘a lifeless pavement trodden by the High Priest, and by him alone’ (Delitzsch, Hebrews, Eng
Goat - The High Priest laying both his hands on the head of the beast, and making a confession over him of all the iniquities of the children of Israel, with all their transgressions in all their sins, as if transferring both the sin and guilt from themselves to another; certainly this had no meaning but in reference to the Lord Jesus Christ; and certainly, beheld in allusion to him, the whole service becomes plain and obvious. It is said, that when the two goats were led into the inner court of the temple and presented to the High Priest, according to the Lord's appointment of casting lots, (Leviticus 16:8) the scape goat, or as the margin of the Bible expresseth it, the Azazel, had then a fillet, or a narrow piece of scarlet, fastened to its head, which soon became white
Priest; Priesthood - But prior to the institution of the High Priesthood and the priestly office, we read of the priesthood of Melchizedek ( High Priest (kôhên haggadol) and his sons were washed with water ( High Priest dressed in holy garments with a breastplate over his heart, and there was placed on his head a holy crown— the mitre or turban ( Kill - 35:12), and if he is found to be guilty of unintentional manslaughter, he is required to stay in the city of refuge until the death of the High Priest ( High Priest
Priest - ...
The High Priest was at the head of all religious affairs, and was the ordinary judge of all difficulties that belonged thereto, and even of the general justice and judgment of the Jewish nation, as being at the head of all the priests by whom this was administered, Deuteronomy 17:8-12 19:17 21:5 33:8,10 Ezekiel 44:24 . The High Priest also received a tithe from the Levites, Numbers 18:28 . ...
God also appropriated to the High Priest the oracle of his truth; so that when he was habited in the proper ornaments of his dignity, and with the Urim and Thummim, he answered questions proposed to him, and God disclosed to him secret and future things. The High Priests were nearly the same dress with the priests, and four articles in addition: an outer tunic, called the robe of the ephod, woven entire, blue, with an ornamented border around the neck, and a fringe at the bottom made up of pomegranates and golden bells: an ephod of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, with golden threads interwoven, covering the body from the neck to the thighs; having shoulder-pieces joined on the shoulders by clasps of gold in which were set onyx-stones graven with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel; and also a girdle of fine linen, woven with blue, purple, scarlet, and gold, passed several times round the body: a breastplate, attached at its four corners to the ephod, and likewise bearing the names of the twelve tribes on twelve precious stones; and the miter, a high and ornamented turban having on the front a gold plate with the inscription, "Holiness to the Lord
Government - The chief feature of the subsequent period was the development of the priestly power, and the rise to importance of the office of the High Priest . The High Priest became the head of the State, and its official representative, his political power receiving a great development under the Hasmonæans. 142, Simon is declared to be ‘high priest, captain, and governor for ever’ ( 1Ma 14:27-47 ). The title ‘ethnarch’ (see Governor) is used of him and other High Priests. The High Priest (now appointed by the Romans) and the Sanhedrin regained the power which they had lost under Herod; the government became once more an aristocracy (Jos
Shiloh - Thus, Shiloh became home for Samuel as he lived under the care of Eli, the High Priest, and his two wicked sons, Hophni and Phinehas
Eli - No High Priest of Ithamar's line is mentioned before Eli, whose appointment was of God (1 Samuel 2:30). Ahitub's grandson, was thrust out by Solomon for his share in Adonijah's rebellion and the High Priesthood reverted to Eleazar's line in Zadok (1 Kings 2:35)
Confession - Among the Jews, it was the custom, on the annual feast of expiation, for the High Priest to make confession of sins to God, in the name of the whole people: besides this general confession, the Jews were enjoined, if their sins were a breach of the first table of the law, to make confession of them to God; but violations of the second table were to be acknowledged to their brethren
Zerubbabel - The original leader of the Jews was Sheshbazzar (Ezra 1:8; Ezra 5:14), but his leadership was soon replaced by the joint leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the High Priest Joshua (Ezra 2:2; Haggai 1:1)
Melchizedek - ...
Jesus Christ as the Great High Priest after the Order of Melchizedek . The author draws directly from Psalm 110:4 several crucial points to explain that the High Priesthood of Christ has superseded and is superior to the priesthood of Aaron
Gerizim - Manasseh, brother of Jaddua the High Priest, married the daughter of Sanballat the Cuthaean (2 Kings 17:24), who in order to reconcile his son-in-law to this forbidden affinity obtained leave from Alexander the Great to build a temple on Gerazim (Josephus, Ethnarch - In 1 Maccabees 14:47 Simon accepts from the people the following offices-ἀρχιερατεῦσαι καὶ εἶναι στρατηγὸς καὶ ἐθνάρχης τῶν Ἰουδαίων καὶ ἰερέων καὶ τοῦ προστατῆσαι πάντων (‘to be High Priest and to be general and ethnarch of the Jews and their priests and to rule over all’); and in 1 Maccabees 15:2 a letter of King Antiochus of Syria is addressed to him as ἱερεῖ μεγάλῳ καὶ ἐθνάρχῃ (‘great priest and ethnarch’)
Felix - 20:8, section 5, 6; Acts 21:88) and riots, but he once employed the zealot assassins (Sicarii) to murder the High Priest Jonathan
House - " (1 Peter 2:5; Hebrews 3:6) But in a more general way, a family is called an house, such as the house of the Rechabites, (Jeremiah 35:2) the house of David, (Zechariah 13:1) But amidst all these, and more to the like import, that undoubtedly is the highest and the best sense of the word which considers the Lord Jesus Christ himself as the High Priest and Head of his body the church, and the bodies of his people the temple of his indwelling residence by his Spirit
Frontlets - What a blessedness is it, in the holy faith the believer in Jesus is called to, that our great High Priest bears the names and persons of his people on his breast and on his arm, and is himself the sweet and holy frontlet for all the redeemed
Aaron - He aided Moses in leading the Hebrews out of Egypt; and was consecrated the first High Priest of the Hebrew nation
Jehoram - His daughter Jehosheba was married to the High Priest Jehoiada
Jehoshaphat - Some courts dealt specifically with religious matters, and these were under the control of the High Priest
Building - -‘But Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building’ (Authorized Version ); better Revised Version ‘but Christ having come a High Priest of the good things that are come (Revised Version margin), through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation (οὐ ταύτης τῆς κτίσεως)
Aaron - Aaron, as High Priest, held henceforth the prominent place appertaining to that office. Aaron was a type of Christ in his official character as the High Priest
Hand - And in Zechariah 3:1 , Satan was at the right hand of the High Priest Joshua, to accuse him. The High Priest stretched out his hands to the people, as often as he recited the solemn form of blessing, Leviticus 9:22
Building - -‘But Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building’ (Authorized Version ); better Revised Version ‘but Christ having come a High Priest of the good things that are come (Revised Version margin), through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation (οὐ ταύτης τῆς κτίσεως)
Hebrews Epistle to the - Let us press on, remembering that the Leader who has suffered with us is also our High Priest who will bring us to the throne of grace (Hebrews 3:1 to Hebrews 4:16). -We have, then, a High Priest who has entered upon His regal state of Priesthood in heaven, the true sanctuary. All these things-the inaccessible sanctuary, the sin-stained High Priest, the annual ineffective sacrifices-clearly indicated that the true atonement was not yet found (Hebrews 9:1-10). Christ our High Priest, on the other hand, has found for men eternal salvation. But nothing short of the most perfect conceivable offering is sufficient for the perfect heavenly sanctuary, and what offering could be more complete than the voluntary laying down of the High Priest’s own life? Such a spiritual sacrifice has eternal validity. In Him God and man are perfectly united; His one sacrifice takes away sin, not in symbol but in deed; as High Priest He is not simply the representative of the people but their πρόδρομος (Hebrews 6:20)-where He has entered they too may go; and the sanctuary to which He leads them is no material ‘Holy of Holies’ but the eternal presence of God (Hebrews 9:24). Hebrews 7:26), it was a necessary part of the experience of one who fulfilled the office of universal High Priest. By experiencing them in His own human life He gained the perfect sympathy with mankind which fits Him to be their High Priest. For the members of that order held office by virtue of mere physical descent (Hebrews 7:16); their ministry could call sins to mind but could not cleanse them (Hebrews 10:1-3); they could not unite the people to God-even into the earthly symbol of His presence the High Priest himself could enter only once a year alone (Hebrews 9:7); lastly, the Aaronic priests were mortal-their work was confined to one generation (Hebrews 7:23)
Offering - Sin-offerings were presented by the High Priest for personal offences, for national sins, and on the great day of atonement, when he confessed the sins of the whole nation with his hand on the scapegoat's head, and the goat was driven off into the wilderness
Josiah - Hilkiah, the High Priest, found the book and gave it to Shaphan, the scribe, who in turn read it to King Josiah
Suffering (2) - But by this high discipline was His own spirit cultured (Hebrews 5:8); and through His heroic, victorious endurance of sin-imposed suffering did He become our High Priest, able to succour those who are tempted (Hebrews 2:17-18, Hebrews 4:15)
Mourning - The High Priest and Nazarites were not to go into mourning for even father or mother or children (Leviticus 21:10-11; Numbers 6:7)
Ignorant, Ignorance - Characterized as a great High Priest in Hebrews 5:2 , Jesus is said to deal gently with the ignorant
Avenger - ...
A killer judged to have committed the crime without hatred or intentional planning was sent to the city of refuge until the death of the High Priest
Zephaniah - "The second priest" or sagan , next to the High Priest
Abimelech - ...
The son of Abiathar, and High Priest in the time of David (1Chronicles 18:16)
Anoint - ...
The holy anointing oil which was made by Moses, Exodus 30:22-23 , for the maintaining and consecrating of the king, the High Priest, and all the sacred vessels made use of in the house of God, was one of those things, as Dr
jo'Ash - After his father's sister Jehoshabeath, the wife of Jehoiada the High Priest, had stolen him from among the king's sons, he was hidden for six years in the chambers of the temple
Caleb - ...
When, forty years later, a new generation had grown up and the people were about to enter Canaan, Moses appointed one leader from each of the twelve tribes to assist the new leader Joshua and the High Priest Eleazar in the division of the land
Priest - ...
Aaronic (or Levitical) priesthood...
At the establishment of Israel’s religious system, Aaron and his sons were the priests, Aaron being set apart as the High Priest. Only priests could enter the Holy Place, and only the High Priest could enter the Most Holy Place. The High Priest’s clothing, by contrast, was both distinctive and colourful
Nazarite - Abstinence from wine, strong drink (including date and palm wine), and the grape in whatever form; so the High Priest and priests when performing official functions (Leviticus 10:9). Not cutting the hair during the vow; it symbolized physical strength and youthful manhood, and thus the man's whole powers dedicated to the service of God; answering to the High Priest's" 'crown' (neetser ) of the anointing oil of his God" (Leviticus 21:12). Noncontact with a corpse even of a nearest relative; so the High Priest (Leviticus 21:11-12)
Fellow - Here again, the Lord JEHOVAH, the Father, gives the like testimony; for speaking to Joshua, the type of Jesus, the Lord saith, "Here now, O Joshua the High Priest, thou and thy fellows that sit before thee, for they are men wondered at" (Zechariah 3:8) Wondered at indeed, to be fellow to him in his human nature, who, in his divine nature, "is fellow to the Lord of hosts!" But so it is: for the truth is undeniable. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people
Ananias - The High Priest who accused St. 272) as the twenty-first High Priest in the Roman-Herodian period
Maccabees - It is supposed to have been written by John Hyrcanus, the son of Simon, who was prince and High Priest of the Jews near thirty years, and began his government at the time where this history ends. It contains the history of forty years, from the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes to the death of Simon, the High Priest; that is, from the year of the world 3829 to the year 3869, B
Coins - the reigning High Priest minted in bronze the first real Jewish coins. ...
Another reference to silver money occurs in Matthew 26:15 in the agreement between the High Priest and Judas for betraying Jesus
Blood - Once a year, on the Day of Atonement, the High Priest, and he alone, could enter the Most Holy Place, the symbol of God’s presence. ...
But Christ, the great High Priest, entered the heavenly presence of God, not with his blood but through his blood
Ascension - Jesus is the High Priest who has ‘passed through’ (διεληλυθότα) the heavens (Hebrews 4:14)-the reference is to the idea of seven heavens (cf. Jesus is High Priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek, not of the Aaronic order (see below). This is the meaning of the references in Hebrews to the High Priest entering into the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement (Hebrews 4:14-16; HEB 16:20; Hebrews 7:27; Hebrews 8:3; Hebrews 9:7; Hebrews 9:12; Hebrews 9:24 etc. The earthly High Priest stands to offer (Hebrews 10:11), while Jesus is usually (though not always) depicted as sitting (above, § 2). And the earthly High Priest enters into the Holy of Holies alone, leaving the people outside, while Jesus carries the people with Him within the veil and gives them access to the Father (Hebrews 10:19-22). The Priesthood of Christ is one, but as the earthly High Priest only fulfilled his priesthood when he brought the blood of the victim within the Holy Place, so Christ did not fulfil His Priesthood till the Ascension (see J
Governor - It is used of the delegate of the High Priest (2 Chronicles 24:11 ), the Levites (Nehemiah 11:22 ), a military commander (2 Kings 25:19 ), Joseph's officers in Egypt (Genesis 41:34 )
John - He was of the kindred of the High Priest; otherwise unknown
Liturgy - The vestments used mark out the wearer as the representative of the great High Priest, Christ; their fine texture indicates the solemnity of the occasion, the various colors, white, red, green, violet, and black, signify purity and joy, charity, hope, penance, and mourning respectively
Ark of the Covenant - The great yearly sacrifice of expiation was here offered by the High Priest, Hebrews 9:7 , in the Holy of Holies
Josiah - While this work was being carried on, Hilkiah, the High Priest, discovered a roll, which was probably the original copy of the law, the entire Pentateuch, written by Moses
Sin Offering - Levi 16 (B) For the priests and Levites at their consecration, (Exodus 29:10-14,36 ) besides the yearly sin offering (a, bullock) for the High Priest on the Great Day of Atonement
Council - Its members were the chief priests or heads of the 24 courses, and those who had been High Priests; also the elders and scribes learned in Jewish law (Matthew 26:57; John 18:31-321; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66; Acts 5:21). ...
The president was called nasi' ; generally the High Priest (Matthew 26:62). Sometimes they met in the High Priest's palace (Matthew 26:3)
Gibeah - A city closely connected with Phinehas, the High Priest and grandson of Aaron
Pilate, Pontius - Instead, a relatively small group of Jerusalem priests, including the High Priest, wanted to forestall any kind of a messianic movement by the people because of the repression it would provoke from the Romans (see John 11:47-50 ,John 11:47-50,11:53 )
Tabernacle - The holy of holies was entered only once a year by the High Priest who offered sacrifice for the nation of Israel
Heifer, Red - No part came on the altar; even the blood was not sprinkled there, but before the tabernacle, and not by the High Priest but by his son
Levitical Cities - The slayer was not permitted to leave until the death of the High Priest
Saints - "Such an High Priest (saith Paul) became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens? (Hebrews 7:26) As the holiness of Christ in his human nature, deriving every thing of sanctity as it must from the union with the GODHEAD, gives a completeness both of durableness and excellency to that sanctity, so must it ensure the same in all his members
Fabiola, a Noble Roman Lady - ) on the dress of the High Priest, and on the stations of the Israelites in the desert; and also a memoir of her in his touching letter to Oceanus ( Ep. ...
Jerome was seeking a suitable dwelling-place for her, and engaged in writing his treatise on the mystical meaning of the High Priest's garments, when the inroad of the Huns caused a panic in Palestine
Castle - Probably on the same site John Hyrcanus, High Priest from 135 to 105 b
Acceptance - The Book of Hebrews presents Jesus as the true High Priest who offers the perfect sacrifice that effectively cleanses or covers sin so that it is no longer a barrier to acceptance by God (Hebrews 9:11-14 ,Hebrews 9:11-14,9:26 )
Assassins - The first man who was slain by them was Jonathan the High Priest, after whom many were stain every day, and the fear men were in of being so treated was more harassing than the calamity itself everybody expecting death every hour, as men do in war
Ecclesiasticus - From the prologue to the Greek version composed by a nephew of the author we learn that the latter was Jesus or Josua (Yeshua), son of Sirach of Jerusalem, who seems to have been a contemporary of Simon II, son of Onias the High Priest between 220-205 B
Claudius - Felix sent to Rome Eleazar, son of Dinaeus, captain of a band of robbers, who had committed great ravages in Palestine; he procured the death of Jonathan, the High Priest, who sometimes freely represented to him his duty; he defeated a body of three thousand men, whom an Egyptian, a false prophet, had assembled upon the Mount of Olives
Beat - , "dermatology"), primarily "to flay," then "to beat, thrash or smite," is used of the treatment of the servants of the owner of the vineyard by the husbandmen, in the parable in Matthew 21:35 ; Mark 12:3,5 ; Luke 20:10,11 ; of the treatment of Christ, Luke 22:63 , RV, "beat," for AV, "smote;" John 18:23 ; of the followers of Christ, in the synagogues, Mark 13:9 ; Acts 22:19 ; of the punishment of unfaithful servants, Luke 12:47,48 ; of the "beating" of Apostles by the High Priest and the Council of the Sanhedrin, Acts 5:40 ; by magistrates, 16:37
Tempt - A — 1: πειράζω (Strong's #3985 — Verb — peirazo — pi-rad'-zo ) signifies (1) "to try, attempt, assay" (see TRY); (2) "to test, try, prove," in a good sense, said of Christ and of believers, Hebrews 2:18 , where the context shows that the temptation was the cause of suffering to Him, and only suffering, not a drawing away to sin, so that believers have the sympathy of Christ as their High Priest in the suffering which sin occasions to those who are in the enjoyment of communion with God; so in the similar passage in Hebrews 4:15 ; in all the temptations which Christ endured, there was nothing within Him that answered to sin
Armor - The habergeon is mentioned twice—in reference to the gown of the High Priest
Arms - The habergeon is mentioned twice—in reference to the gown of the High Priest
Arms, Armor - See (3:9) ...
The HABERGEON is mentioned but twice--in reference to the gown of the High Priest
Jonathan - Son of Abiathar the High Priest
Jonathan - The ephod was an imitation of the High Priest's shoulder dress. The High Priest Abiathar's son. The High Priest Joiada's son and successor. The genealogies of the priests and Levites were kept in his High Priesthood, and the national chronicles were continued to his time (Nehemiah 12:11-22-23). Jonathan or John was High Priest 32 years
Priest - ...
Aaron, the High Priest, was set apart to his office by the same ceremonies with which his sons the priests were, with this exception, that the former was clothed in his robes, and the sacred oil was poured upon his head, Exodus 29:5-9 ; Leviticus 8:2 . He anointed the High Priest by pouring a profusion of oil upon his head; whence he is called the anointed, Leviticus 5:3 ; Leviticus 5:5 ; Leviticus 5:16 ; Leviticus 6:15 ; Psalms 133:2 . That the ceremonies of inauguration or consecration, however, were practised at every new accession of a High Priest to his office, seems to be hinted in the following passages, Exodus 29:29 ; Leviticus 16:32 ; Leviticus 21:10 ; Numbers 20:26-28 ; Numbers 35:25 . ...
The term priest is most properly given to Christ, of whom the High Priests under the law were types and figures, he being the High Priest especially ordained of God, who, by the sacrifice of himself, and by his intercession, opens the way to reconciliation with God, Hebrews 8:17; Hebrews 9:11-25
Trial of Jesus - The High Priest who rent his garments when the words were pronounced which, according to all the ideas of his country, constituted the blackest guilt, was in all probability quite as sincere in his horror and indignation as the generality of respectable and pious men now are in the religious and moral sentiments they profess. —The arrest of Jesus, all the Gospels agree, was at once followed by His removal to the palace of the High Priest in custody of the guard. Then, after being found guilty of blasphemy, Jesus was kept waiting till morning, and exposed meanwhile to the coarse mockery and rough play of the company (probably, for the most part, the servants of the High Priest and the rest of the underlings). After His arrest, Jesus was detained in custody in the house of the High Priest, and, in the absence of the judicial authorities, suffered violence at the hands of His captors. As to the reasons which led the Markan tradition to dilate on a nocturnal trial, the clue is probably to be found in the fact that there really was such a hasty preliminary cross-questioning of Jesus; only, it was not before Caiaphas, but before Annas (see Annas), the influential ex-high priest, who had been at the bottom of the whole movement to arrest Jesus. As the ex-high priest had no power to pronounce sentence, the tendency of tradition would naturally be towards the decisive proceedings before Caiaphas. Luke assumed the High Priest of 22:54 f
Refuge, Cities of - The law was mitigated so far that the unwitting manslayer was no longer doomed to spend all his days there but was free to return to his home on the death of the High Priest of the time ( Numbers 35:25 ; Numbers 35:23 , Joshua 20:6 ). The High Priest was then the only constituted authority that Jewish law could recognize
Consecrate - The High Priest only enters on one day of the year, and with no one else in the next room who might see in ( Leviticus 16:17 ). The High Priest bathes before entering and again upon exiting from the holiest place; contact with the most holy things is contact with contagious holiness, and contagion needs to be washed away to keep the most holy things set apart (Leviticus 16:24 ; 6:27 )
Blood - After the High Priest's death he might return home in safety (Numbers 35:25; Numbers 35:28; Joshua 20:4-6). He, in another sense, is the goel or redeemer of man, as the High Priest whose death sets the shut up captive free; He is also the priestly city of refuge (His priestly office being the mean of our salvation), by fleeing into which man is safe; but in this latter sense, as our High Priest "ever liveth," we must not only eater the city, and moreover abide in Him, but also abide in Him forever for eternal safety (John 15:1-11)
Veil - ...
While speaking of vails, I must not forget to notice the vail of the temple, which was appointed by the Lord to separate the outer place where the daily service was performed from the holy of holies, into which the High Priest entered once in a year, on the great day of atonement. (John 2:9-22) And the vail of the temple, forming a separation, and none but the High Priest passing within it, and that only once in a year, and even not without blood, those were too striking particularities not to he understood as pointing to him who hath entered with his own blood into "heaven itself, there to appear in the presence of God for us
Blasphemy (2) - According to Matthew 26:65 and Mark 14:63-64 when Jesus, after being adjured by the High Priest to declare if He were the Christ, declared that they would ‘see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power and coming with the clouds of heaven,’ the High Priest treated this as blasphemy, rending his garments as a token of honor at the words. The second charge is suddenly sprung upon, Jesus by the High Priest on the ground of His words at the council; and, on this account, as guilty of blasphemy, He was condemned to death, although it was useless to cite the words before Pilate, who would have dismissed the case as Gallio at Corinth dismissed what he regarded as ‘a question about words and names’ (Acts 18:15)
Shiloh - Here the youth of Samuel was spent, and from this narrative we gather that the ‘tent’ had given place to a permanent structure, a ‘ temple ’ ( hçkâl ), under the care of the High Priest Eli and his family
James - ...
The death of James reportedly was at the order of the High Priest Ananus, and was either by stoning (according to Flavius Josephus, first century historian of the Jews) or by being cast down from the Temple tower (after Hegesippus, early Christian writer, quoted by the third-century Christian historian Eusebius)
Zechariah - ...
...
...
The son or grandson of Jehoiada, the High Priest in the times of Ahaziah and Joash
Druids - They had one chief, or arch-druid, in every nation, who acted as High Priest, or pontifex maximus
Blameless - The blameless character of Christ is seen in his continuing work as the believer's High Priest who "meets our need—one who is holy blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens" (Hebrews 7:26 )
Wall - It would be most pointed in the case of Ananias, the High Priest, if he sat to judge in a white robe, which clothed a character that was not white (see W
Propitiation - Jesus I my full, my glorious, my complete, and all-sufficient Saviour! be thou my daily object of unceasing delight, my mercy-seat, propitiation, High Priest, altar, sacrifice, and sacrificer; yea, my all in all: I need no more in time, and to all eternity! See Mercy-Seat
Ark - The High Priest Jehoida prepared this chest and put it at the threshold to the temple (2 Kings 12:9)
Jonathan - A High Priest ( Nehemiah 12:11 ): called in Nehemiah 12:22 f
Ephod - The ephod worn by the High Priest
Alexander - After the healing of the impotent man we are told that Alexander was present at a meeting of the Jewish authorities along with Annas, Caiaphas, and John, and ‘as many as were of the kindred of the High Priest’ (Acts 4:6)
Tent - As the tent of meeting it was the place where God met with His people through Moses (or the High Priest) and revealed His will to them ( Oath - Jesus had remained silent under long examination, when the High Priest, rising up, knowing he had a sure mode of obtaining an answer said, "I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ
Ephod - The ephod worn by the High Priest
Mouth Lips - Isaiah’s lips were purged of their uncleanness by the coal from the altar (Isaiah 6:6-7); with this we may compare the command of the High Priest to smite St
Altar - The Epistle to the Hebrew reasons, servile adherents to visible altar meats are excluded from our Christian spiritual altar and meats: "For He, the true Altar, from whom we derive spiritual meats, realized the sin offering type" (of which none of the meat was eaten, but all was burnt: Leviticus 6:30) "by suffering without the gate: teaching that we must go forth after Him from the Jewish High Priest's camp of legal ceremonialism and meats, which stood only until the gospel times of reformation" (Hebrews 9:10-11). The divine fire on the altar; the shekinah cloud, representing the divine habitation with them, which was given to the king and the High Priest with the oil of unction; the spirit of prophecy; the Urim and Thummim whereby the High Priest miraculously learned God's will; and the ark of the covenant, whence God gave His answers in a clear voice, were the five things of the old temple wanting in the second temple. Once a year, on the great day of atonement, the High Priest sprinkled upon its horns the blood of the sin offering (Exodus 30:6-10; Leviticus 16:18-19)
Apostle - As Apostle He pleads God's cause with us; as" High Priest," our cause with God. Appropriate in writing to Hebrew, since the Hebrew High Priest sent delegates ("apostles") to collect the temple tribute from Jews in foreign countries, just as Christ is the Father's Delegate to claim the Father's due from His subjects in this world far off from Him (Matthew 21:37)
Death - The legal High Priest delivered up his Urim and Thummim, his breast-plate, his robes, and his incense; and Christ stood forth as the great High Priest of all succeeding generations
Temple, the Second - ) and the High Priest Jeshua, arrangements were almost immediately made to reorganize the long-desolated kingdom
Intercession - INTERCESSOR, INTERCESSION...
We meet with but one passage in the Bible where the word Intercessor is used, namely, Isaiah 59:16, though by virtue of the office of interceding as our great High Priest, it is a well known character of Christ
Nehemiah - Judea after this was annexed to the satrapy of Coele-Syria, and was governed by the High Priest under the jurisdiction of the governor of Syria, and the internal government of the country became more and more a hierarchy
Diana - The bee was sacred to her, and her High Priest was called by a corresponding name (essen), as also the hierarchy of women (Melissse) and eunuchs (Megabyzae)
Ananias - High Priest (Acts 23:2, etc
Horse - The narrative in Acts does not state that he was riding at all, but it seems probable that as the emissary of the High Priest, engaged on important and urgent business (Acts 9:1 f
Tribes, the Twelve - Twelve was God's chosen number for Israel, under this number they were ever before Him, as manifested in the twelve stones on the breastplate and the twelve names on the two onyx stones in the shoulder pieces of the High Priest, and in the twelve loaves on the table of showbread
Evil-Speaking - For seeming to revile the High Priest Ananias in a moment of just anger, St
Siloam, the Pool of - Ishmael says of its source, the Virgin's fountain, that there the High Priest used to plunge
Cedron - (2 Samuel 15:30) Thus Jesus passed Cedron under the deepest of all possible sorrows, when, with his few faithful disciples, he entered the garden from the foul conspiracy of Judas, and the High Priest, and elders of his people
Anchor - It is the appearance of our great High Priest ‘before the face of God for us,’ he means to say, that is the ultimate foundation of the Christian hope
Offer, Offering - A — 1: προσφέρω (Strong's #4374 — Verb — prosphero — pros-fer'-o ) primarily, "to bring to" (pros, "to," phero, "to bring"), also denotes "to offer," (a) of the sacrifice of Christ Himself, Hebrews 8:3 ; of Christ in virtue of his High Priesthood (RV, "this High Priest;" AV, "this man"); Hebrews 9:14,25 (negative),28; 10:12; (b) of offerings under, or according to, the Law, e
King, Kings - It was a prophet or High Priest of Jehovah who anointed the king, and placed the crown upon his head and the scepter in his hand, Deuteronomy 17:15,18-20 1 Samuel 10:1 12:12-15 2 Samuel 1:14,21 1 Kings 1:39 2 Kings 9:1-6 11:2-12 Psalm 21:3
Dispersion - , the legitimate Aaronic High Priest, who had left Palestine because he hated Antiochus IV
Prince - ’ It is applied to the governor of the palace ( 2 Chronicles 28:7 ), the keeper of the treasury ( 1 Chronicles 26:24 ), the chief of the Temple ( 1 Chronicles 9:11 , 2 Chronicles 31:13 ); also to the chief of a tribe ( 2 Chronicles 19:11 ), the son of a king ( 2 Chronicles 11:22 ), the king himself ( 1 Samuel 25:30 ), the High Priest ( Daniel 9:25 ), and is occasionally in AV the Unprofitable Servant - For such a sufferer not seldom forgets to give the atonement, and the intercession of his great High Priest for him, their true and their full place. Now what is that but making Christ of none effect as your High Priest? What is that but making Him die, and rise again, and intercede for you, in vain? "I have found," says this eminent theologian and evangelical preacher, "this mode of reasoning successful in enabling the mourner to detect the source of his causeless sorrows, and to recover that peace of mind which results from a simple and unhesitating reliance upon our great High Priest, for the pardon of all our sins, and for the acceptance of all our services
Zechariah, Theology of - ), references to Joshua the High Priest and Zerubbabel the Davidic governor, encouragement to rebuild the temple, and a mixture of oracles and visions. Together Haggai and Zechariah joined in common cause to encourage Zerubbabel, the Davidic governor, and Joshua, the Zadokite High Priest, to complete this important building project (Zechariah 4:9 ). In Zechariah 3 we catch a glimpse of a heavenly tribunal in which Joshua, the High Priest, stands accused by a figure known as "The Satan" or "The Adversary. God showed his favor by first removing the guilt of Joshua, the High Priest (3:1-5) and then the guilt of the land (3:9)
King - The High Priest, priests, and Levites, as God's ministers, were magistrates as well as religious officers. He was bound to consult God by the Urim and Thummim of the High Priest in every important step (1 Samuel 14:18-19; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19; 2 Samuel 5:23)
Jehoiada - Second priest (sagan ) to Seraiah, the High Priest. " The High Priest was "chief governor in the house of Jehovah"; then the second priest; then the 24 "governors of the sanctuary and of the house of God" (Jeremiah 20:1; 1 Chronicles 24:5)
Remember, Remembrance - And the breastplate of the High Priest likewise is a memorial (Exodus 28:12,29 ; 39:7 ). The woman anointed not his feet but his head and in so doing did what the High Priest should have done when Jesus was before him on trialanoint him as the King! ...
Peter Toon...
See also Lord's Supper, the ...
Bibliography
Advocate - We are told by God the Holy Ghost, (Hebrews 5:5-6) that Christ "glorified not himself to be made an High Priest, but was called of God, as was Aaron. (Job 33:24; Isaiah 42:21; Matthew 17:5; Romans 3:25) Now, then, let me pause, and ask, Hath not this almighty advocate a right to plead for his own rights, and those of his people in him? Was it not an absolute promise, in the charter of grace, that "when he had made his soul an offering for sin, he should see of the travail of his soul, and be satisfied?" (Isaiah 53:10-11) And shall not the blessed Jesus stand up and plead for the fulfilment of those promises? Hath he, indeed, given himself as the sinner's surety "an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling savour?" and can he rest satisfied, till he hath brought all his ransomed people around him in glory?...
Moreover, there is one point more to be considered in this subject of Christ's advocacy, which we have not yet even glanced at, though it forms a principal object, for which the Lord Jesus carries on his High Priestly office, in the court of heaven, namely, the destruction of all his enemies, and the enemies of his dear people. " (Isaiah 9:6; Colossians 2:3) And if it were not for swelling the pages of a work that I must rather study to abridge, I might easily shew, that such are the powerful recommendations the Lord Jesus brings with him, to induce any, and every poor sinner, that is conscious of the want of an advocate, to plead his cause before God, that not a soul, earnest for his everlasting welfare, would cease a moment from putting all his concerns in the hand of such a wise, tender, and successful High Priest as Jesus
Expiation - On that day, to other prescribed sacrifices were to be added another ram for a burnt offering, and another goat, the most eminent of the sacrifices for a sin offering, whose blood was to be carried by the High Priest into the inner sanctuary, which was not done by the blood of any other victim, except the bullock, which was offered the same day as a sin offering for the family of Aaron. " The law appoints a certain day in the year for expiating the sins both of the High Priest himself and of the whole congregation, and that for all High Priests and all generations of the congregation. Now, could a law be enacted, inflicting a certain penalty, at a certain time, upon a whole people, as well as upon their High Priest, thus presuming upon their actual transgression of it? The sacrifice was also for sins in general; and yet the penalty, if it were one, is not greater than individual persons were often obliged to undergo for single trespasses. The High Priest, after he had washed, not only his hands and his feet, as usual at common sacrifices, but his whole body, dressed himself in plain linen, like the other priests, wearing neither his purple robe, nor the ephod, nor the pectoral, because he was to expiate his own sins, together with those of the people. After this, the High Priest put some of the sacred fire of the altar of burnt offerings into a censer, threw incense upon it, and entered with it, thus smoking, into the sanctuary. After this, the High Priest came to the altar of burnt offerings, wetted the four horns of it with the blood of the goat and young bullock, and sprinkled it seven times with the same blood. The sanctuary, the court, and the altar, being thus purified, the High Priest directed the goat which was set at liberty by the lot to be brought to him
Rod - It was a sign and proof to all Israel that Aaron was his chosen High Priest to lead the people in their worship, and was His chosen mediator between Himself and the people of Israel
Altar - The morning and the evening services were commenced by the High Priest offering incense on this altar
Priesthood of the Believer - Christ, as High Priest, offered His own life upon the altar of the cross
si'Mon - [1] ...
Son of Onias the High Priest, whose eulogy closes the "praise of famous men" in the book of Ecclesiasticus, ch
Sad'Ducees - (1 Kings 1:32-45 ) To these sons of Zadok were afterward attached all who for any reason reckoned themselves as belonging to the aristocrats; such, for example, as the families of the High Priest, who had obtained consideration under the dynasty of Herod
Veil - 1 the High Priest on the Day of Atonement leaves the Holy Place by the south end of the outer veil, walks northwards down the cubit space between the two veils, and enters the sanctuary by the north end of the inner veil
Saints - Only the High Priest was allowed to stand in God's presence in this area, and then only once a year at Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement)
Guard - Arrested by the High Priest Annas, and put ‘in public ward’ (Acts 5:18 : ἐν τηρήσει δημοσίᾳ), Peter and John were not chained; their keepers merely shut the prison-house (δεσμωτήριον) and stood on guard outside
Herod the Great - Herod, being afraid of Rome to which Alexandra had appealed, made Aristobulus High Priest; but when he witnessed the joy of the people his jealousy was aroused, and he caused the young man to be drowned, while bathing with his comrades, through their pretended rough play
Atonement, Day of - In the first we have a detailed account of the peculiar work appointed for the High Priest on that day; in the second, we learn what had been shortly expressed in chap
Cloud - To His disciples the Law is no more a threat and fear, but is written upon the heart for honour and obedience; and God’s providence is trusted—the sheep follow, for they know His voice; and for the deep things of the soul there is a great High Priest passed into the heavens, and they that know His name come boldly to the throne of grace
Septuagint - , 1705) describes the origin of Septuagint; King Ptolemy (Philadelphus), by the advice of his librarian Demetrius Phalereus, obtained from the High Priest at Jerusalem 72 interpreters, six from each tribe; by conference and comparison in 72 days they completed the work
Tabernacle - — In the most holy place, which the High Priest alone entered, was the ark of the covenant; in the holy place, where the priests ministered—to the north the table of shew-bread, to the south the golden candlestick, in the centre the altar of incense
Anoint, Anointing - , it is used of the oil for "anointing" the High Priest, e
Light - This seems to contain a reference to the glory and splendour which shone in the holy of holies, where Jehovah appeared in the luminous cloud above the mercy seat, and which none but the High Priest, and he only once a year, was permitted to approach unto, Leviticus 16:2 ; Ezekiel 1:22 ; Ezekiel 1:26 ; Ezekiel 1:28 ; but this was typical of the glory of the celestial world
Sacrifice - Under the Old Law the priesthood was restricted to members of the tribe of Levi; under the new, priests are constituted, without alty restrictions as to descent, by the reception of the sacrament of Holy Orders, through which sacrificial power and authority are conferred on them by Christ, the eternal and sole High Priest
Cloud - To His disciples the Law is no more a threat and fear, but is written upon the heart for honour and obedience; and God’s providence is trusted—the sheep follow, for they know His voice; and for the deep things of the soul there is a great High Priest passed into the heavens, and they that know His name come boldly to the throne of grace
Veil - 1 the High Priest on the Day of Atonement leaves the Holy Place by the south end of the outer veil, walks northwards down the cubit space between the two veils, and enters the sanctuary by the north end of the inner veil
Tabernacle - (f) Gems: onyx stones and the precious stones for the breastplate of the High Priest. It was called the veil, (Sometimes the second veil, either is reference to the first, at the entrance of the holy place, or as below the vail of the second sanctuary;) ( Hebrews 9:3 ) as it hid from the eyes of all but the High Priest the inmost sanctuary, where Jehovah dwells on his mercy-seat, between the cherubim above the ark. It was only passed by the High Priest once a year, on the Day of Atonement in token of the mediation of Christ, who with his own blood hath entered for us within the veil which separates God's own abode from earth
Lots - A war was the war primarily not of Israel but of Jahweh, and that specially if it was for the punishment of wrong-doing; hence the members of a punitive expedition were chosen by lot (Judges 20:9), hence also the spoil taken in war (Judges 5:30), whether captives (2 Samuel 8:2, Nahum 3:10, Joel 3:3) or sections of a conquered city (Obadiah 1:11), The services of the sanctuary were sacred; hence the priestly functions were assigned to the orders by lot (1 Chronicles 24:5; 1 Chronicles 24:7, Luke 1:9), Shemaiah the scribe writing out the lots in the presence of a committee consisting of the king, the High Priest, and other functionaries (1 Chronicles 24:6; 1 Chronicles 24:31). This was done ‘before Jahweh’ (Joshua 18:6) and under the direction of a committee consisting of the High Priest, the political chief, and the heads of the fathers’ houses of the tribes (Joshua 14:1-2)
Messiah - In the absence of a king, the High Priest took on a central role in the community. The High Priest was the anointed-priest (Leviticus 4:3 ,Leviticus 4:3,4:5 ,Leviticus 4:5,4:16 ) and even, in one place, a “messiah” (Zechariah 4:14 ; compare Zechariah 6:13 ; Daniel 9:25 )
Dress - Fine linen was used in the vestments of the High Priest (Exodus 28:5 ), as well as by the rich (Genesis 41:42 ; Proverbs 31:22 ; Luke 16:19 )
Head - In the service for ordination of priests and dedication to priestly service, the head of the High Priest was anointed with oil (Exodus 29:7 ; Leviticus 16:32 )
Sadducees - It is wrapped up in the history of the High Priesthood. For two centuries after the Exile the High Priesthood earned the right to the leadership of the Jewish nation. More and more, as the interests of the nation widened and deepened, the High Priesthood failed to keep pace. The High Priesthood and the people drifted apart. ...
From another side also the political the High Priesthood was undermined. Owing to the mixture of Church and State the High Priests were necessarily in politics all the time. Consequently the historical process, which ended by incorporating Palestine in the Roman Empire, sucked out of the High Priesthood all the moralizing influences involved in the handling of large affairs. So, undermined on two sides, the High Priesthood lost the right to lead. It was not until His popularity seemed to threaten the peace of Jerusalem that the High Priest, with the Sadducees at his back, was moved to decisive action
Colour - The hangings of the tabernacle court (Exodus 27:9 ; 38:9 ), the coats, mitres, bonnets, and breeches of the priests (Exodus 39:27,28 ), and the dress of the High Priest on the day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:4,32 ), were white. The loops of the curtains (Exodus 26:4 ), the lace of the High Priest's breastplate, the robe of the ephod, and the lace on his mitre, were blue (Exodus 28:28,31,37 ). ...
These four colours--white, purple, blue, and scarlet--were used in the textures of the tabernacle curtains (Exodus 26:1,31,36 ), and also in the High Priest's ephod, girdle, and breastplate (Exodus 28:5,6,8,15 )
Laying on of Hands - Sins of the congregation were transferred by the elders (Leviticus 4:15 ) or the High Priest (Leviticus 16:21 ) as the people's representatives
Messenger - He has entered within the veil ‘for us,’ as our ‘high priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek, i
David - This incident is said to have taken place ‘when Abiathar was High Priest
Mediator - It was fit he should be man, that he might be a faithful High Priest, to sympathise with his people under all their trials, temptations, &c
Aristeas - The author pretends to have been one of the two ambassadors—Andreas, ἀρχισωματοφύλαξ of the king, being the other—sent by king Ptolemaeus Philadelphus to the High Priest Eleazar of Jerusalem in order to get for him a copy of the Law, and men to translate it for the Royal Library at Alexandria
Gold - " (Proverbs 3:16) The beryl was one of the precious stones in the breastplate of the High Priest
Joshua - His piety, courage, and disinterested integrity are conspicuous throughout his whole history; and, exclusive of the inspiration which enlightened his mind and writings, he derived divine information, sometimes by immediate revelation from God, Joshua 3:7 ; Joshua 5:13-15 ; at others from the sanctuary, through the medium of Eleazar, the High Priest, the son of Aaron, who, having on the breast plate, presented himself before the mercy seat on which the Shechinah, or visible symbol of the divine presence, rested, and there consulted Jehovah by the Urim and Thummim, to which an answer was returned by an audible voice
Name - ...
B — 3: προσαγορεύω (Strong's #4316 — Verb — prosagoreuo — pros-ag-or-yoo'-o ) primarily denotes "to address, greet, salute;" hence, "to call by name," Hebrews 5:10 , RV, "named (of God a High Priest)" (AV, "called"), expressing the formal ascription of the title to Him whose it is; "called" does not adequately express the significance
Jesus Christ - It is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, or Jeshua, borne by the High Priest in Ezra's time, and by the well-known leader of the Jews in to the Promised Land
David - This incident is said to have taken place ‘when Abiathar was High Priest
Joshua the Son of Nun - Joshua would direct the conquest of Canaan and, with Eleazar the High Priest, oversee the division of the land among Israel’s tribes (Numbers 34:17; Joshua 3:7-130; Deuteronomy 3:28; Deuteronomy 31:23)
Joshua, Book of - )...
With Canaan now the possession of Israel, Joshua, together with the High Priest and the tribal leaders, began the task of dividing the land between the twelve tribes
Antiochus - He came to Jerusalem in 3831, and was received there by Jason, to whom he had sold the High Priesthood. The ambition of those Jews who sought the High Priesthood, and bought it of Antiochus, was the beginning of those calamities which overwhelmed their nation under this prince. These usurpers of the High Priesthood, to gratify the Syrians, assumed the manners of the Greeks, their games and exercises, and neglected the worship of the Lord, and the temple service. Antiochus, conducted by the corrupt High Priest Menelaus, entered into the holy of holies, whence he took and carried off the most precious vessels of that holy place, to the value of one thousand eight hundred talents. Antiochus Theos, to strengthen himself in his new acquisition, sent letters to Jonathan Maccabaeus, High Priest and prince of the Jews, confirming him in the High Priesthood, and granting him four toparchies, or four considerable places, in Judea. Simon Maccabaeus, prince and High Priest of the Jews, being treacherously murdered by Ptolemy, his son-in-law, in the castle of Docus, near Jericho, the murderer immediately sent to Antiochus Sidetes to demand troops, that he might recover for him the country and cities of the Jews. He was accompanied in these expeditions by John Hircanus, High Priest of the Jews, who, it is supposed, obtained the surname of Hircanus from some gallant action which he performed
Ark of the Covenant - ...
The ark was never seen save by the High Priest; symbol of God whom no man can see, and whose likeness is only to be seen in Christ (John 1:18; Hebrews 1:3), the true Ark, and our High Priest with the Father
Synagogue - , to have succeeded the prophets, and to have been succeeded by the scribes, Ezra presiding; among the members Joshua, the High Priest Zerubbabel, Daniel, the three children Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Nehemiah, Mordecai; their aim being to restore the crown or glory of Israel, the name of God as great, mighty, and terrible (Daniel 9:4; Jeremiah 32:18; Deuteronomy 7:21); so they completed the Old Testament canon, revising the text, introducing the vowel points which the Masorete editors have handed down to us, instituting "the feast" Ρurim , organizing the synagogue ritual
Temple - Zerubbabel, as Jewish governor, and Joshua, the High Priest, superintended the people in rebuilding the temple. Before the entrance to the holy of holies hung two veils or two curtains, 1 cubit apart, and, inasmuch as the opening of the outer curtain was upon the north, while the inner was on the south, no glimpse of the holy of holies could be obtained by any one but the High Priest
Jeremiah - Some have supposed his father to have been that Hilkah, the High Priest, by whom the book of the law was found in the temple in the reign of Josiah: but for this there is no better ground than his having borne the same name, which was no uncommon one among the Jews; whereas, had he been in reality the High Priest, he would doubtless have been mentioned by that distinguishing title, and not put upon a level with priests of an ordinary and inferior class
Sadducees - The High Priest and the whole Temple cultus still possessed considerable influence. But one of the disciples was ‘known unto the High Priest’ (John 18:15); a considerable degree of intimacy is implied in this statement, and it is very improbable that a friend of the High Priest would be anything but a Sadducee
Judgments of God - The High Priest Caiaphas, was deposed by Vitellius, three years after the death of Christ. Ahamus, the High Priest, slew St
Symbol - From the Tabernacle and Temple were taken High Priest, altar, sacrifice, veil, peace-offering, lamb, atonement
Names of Our Lord - ...
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT ...
Almighty Word, Wisdom of Solomon 18:15
Brightness of Eternal Light, Wisdom of Solomon 7:26
Child, Isaiah 9:6
Counsellor, Isaiah 9:6
Desire of Eternal Hills, Genesis 49:26
Desired of all nations, Aggeus 2:8
Emmanuel, Isaiah 7:14
Expectation of nations, Genesis
Father of World to Come, Isaiah
God the Mighty, Isaiah 9:6
Holy One of Israel, Isaiah 43:3
Holy One, Psalms 15:10
Just Branch, Jeremiah 23:5
Just, Isaiah 45:8
King of Glory, Psalms 23:7
Lord of Hosts, Isaiah 9:7
Lord Our Just One, Jeremiah 23:6
Man of Sorrows, Isaiah 53:3
Man, Michah 5:5
My Just One, Isaiah 41:10
Orient, Zachariah 6:12
Prince of Peace, Isaiah 9:6
Root of Jesse, Isaiah 11:10
Ruler of the Earth, Isaiah 16:1
Sun of Justice, Malachi 4:2
Wonderful, Isaiah 9:6
USED BY HIMSELF ...
Bread of Life, John 6:35
Door, John 10:9
Good Shepherd, John 10:11
Life, John 11:25
Light of the World, John 9:5
Lord, John 13:13
Master, John 13:13
Resurrection and Life, John 11:25
Son of Man, Matthew 8:2O
Son, John 5:22
Vine, John 15:1
Way, Truth, and Life, John 14:6
USED BY THE APOSTLES and EVANGELISTS ...
Advocate, 1 John 2:1
Almighty, Apocalypse 1:8
Alpha and Omega, Apocalypse 1:8
Amen, Apocalypse 3:14
Author and Finisher of Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Author of Life, Acts 3:15
Beginning and End, Apocalypse 1:8
Blessed God, Mark 14:61
Child Jesus, Luke 2:43
Christ Jesus, 1 Timothy 1:1
Christ, Matthrew 1:18
Corner-Stone, Epheisans 2:21
Day Star, 2 Peter 1:19
Faith, Hebrews 12:2
Faithful Witness, Apocalypse 1:5
First and Last, Apocalypse 1:17
First Born from the Dead, Apocalypse 1:5
Galitean, Matthew 26:69
God of the Jews, Romans 3:29
Great Pastor, Hebrews 13:20
He that is to come, Hebrews 10:37
Head, Ephesians 4:15
High Priest, Hebrews 2:17
Jesus Christ the Just, 1 John 2:1
Jesus, Matthew 27:17
Key of David, Apocalypse 3:7
King of Kings, Apocalypse 19:16
Lamb of God, John 1:29
Life Eternal, 1 John 1:2
Lion of the Tribe of Juda, Apocalypse 5:5
Living Stone, 1 Peter 2:4
Lord Jesus Christ, Acts 10:48
Lord of All, Galatians 4:1
Lord of Lords, Apocalypse 19:16
Lord Our God, Apocalypse 4:11
Mediator, Hebrews 9:15
Messias, John 1:41 (passim)
Only Begotten of the Father, John 1:14
Our Lord Jesus Ghrist, Romans 1:4
Pascha Nostrum, 1 Corinthians 5:7
Power of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Priest, Hebrews 8:4
Prince of the kings of the earth, Apocalypse 1:5
Rabbi, John 1:18
Rock of Scandal, Romans 9:33
Root of David, Apocalypse 5:6
Saviour of the world, John 4:42
Saviour, Luke 2:11
Son of David, Mark 12:86
Son of God, Matthew 8:29
Son of Joseph, Luke 3:23
Son of the Living God, Matthew 16:16
Star of the morning, Apocalypse 2:23
Stone of stumbling, 1 Peter 2:8
Stone, Matthew 21:42
Teacher, John 3:2
That which was from the beginning, 1 John 1:1
Victim, Ephesians 5:2
Wisdom of God, 1 Corinthians 1:24
Word, John 1:1
Word of God, Apocalypse 19:13
Word of Life, 1 John 1:1
USED BY OTHERS ...
Adonai, O Antiphons
Angel in the liturgy of the Mass
Captain of our salvation, Ephiphany, Matins
Captain of the Martyrs, Octain of Saint Stephen, Matins
Carpenter's Son, Matthew 13:55
Christ our King, First Wednesday in Advent, Matins
Christ the Lord, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Eagle, Saint Maximus, Homily 42
Eternal, Christmas Day, Lauds
Eternal Word of God made Flesh, Ember Saturday in Advent, Martins
Glory of Thy people Israel, Luke 2:32
God of God, title in Gloria
God our Saviour, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
God the Son, Saturday within Octave of Christmas, Matins
Great Prophet, First Sunday in Advent, Lauds
Heavenly Bridegroom, Epiphany, Lauds
Holy, Luke 1:35
Holy One of God, Luke 4
King of all the earth, Second Monday in Advent, Vespers
King of Angel Hosts above, Circumcision, Matins
King of Heaven, Christmas Day, Matins
King of Israel, Mark 15:32
King of Righteousness, Third Thursday in Advent, Matins
King of the Gentiles, O Antiphons
King of the Jews, Matthew 2:2
King Peaceful, Christmas Day, Vespers (I)
Light to the revelation of the Gentiles, Luke 2:32
Light of Light, title in Gloria
Lord of Angels, Eve of Epiphany, Matins
Lord Our King, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Lawgiver, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord our Saviour, Circumcision, Matins
Lord that shall rule, Fourth set of antiphons
Lord the King, Ephiphany, Matins
Lord the Ruler, Second Sunday in Advent, Matins
Joseph - a priest in the days of High Priest Joiakim (Luke 23:50-53 )
Virgin, Virgin Birth - Specific command was given that the High Priest must marry a virgin (Leviticus 21:13-14 )
Fire - But no express law forbade burning incense by ordinary fire, except the incense burned by the High Priest in entering the holiest place on the day of atonement (Leviticus 16:12), and probably the rule was hence taken as to the daily incense offering
Satan - Zechariah recorded a vision of “… Joshua the High Priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him” (literally, “be his adversary”; Chief, Chiefest, Chiefly - ...
*Certain compound nouns involving the significance of chief, are as follows: ...
B — 2: ἀρχιερεύς (Strong's #749 — Noun Masculine — archiereus — ar-khee-er-yuce' ) a chief priest, High Priest" (arche, "first," hiereus, "a priest"), is frequent in the Gospels, Acts and Hebrews, but there only in the NT. Ramsay, that they were "the High Priests of the temples of the Imperial worship in various cities of Asia;" further, that "the Council of the Asiarchs sat at stated periods in the great cities alternately
Mourning (2) - The apostasy of a member of the family was the occasion of mourning as for the dead, and a blasphemy spoken in the presence of the High Priest was also a reason for a demonstration of mourning
Type - The relation of type and antitype clearly underlies these two contrasts, but (c) in the next section of his work (Hebrews 4:14 to Hebrews 10:18), where a contrast is drawn out between the Levitical or Aaronic High Priest of the OT and Christ, the Son, conceived as a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek, the author typologizes more boldly and directly, following here a suggestion derived from the OT itself (Psalms 110:4). Melchizedek, he says, the mysterious king-priest, was ‘made like unto the Son of God’ (Hebrews 7:3); and he describes Christ not only as ‘a High Priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek’ (Hebrews 6:20; cf. The anticipatory and typical relation of the Levitical priesthood, as serving that which is a copy and shadow of the heavenly things (Hebrews 8:5), to the High Priesthood of Christ, as ministering the heavenly things themselves (Hebrews 9:23) in the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 8:1-2), is carried by the author into great detail. In the passage of the High Priest once a year into the holy place with his sacrifice of blood, the Holy Ghost signifies that the way into the holy place has not yet been made manifest (Hebrews 9:8), and that Christ Himself must come as the Mediator of the New Covenant, offering Himself through the eternal Spirit without spot unto God (Hebrews 9:14 f
Law of Moses - ( Exodus 21:28-30 ) (3) Accidental homicide : the avenger of blood to seek safety by flight to a city of refuge, there to remain till the death of the High Priest. By the summary jurisdiction of the king, see ( Exodus 21:26,27 ) (Saul); (Leviticus 24:19,20 ; 14:4-11 ; 1 Kings 3:16-28 ) which extended even to the deposition of the High Priest. In later times there was a local sanhedrin of twenty-three in each city, and two such in Jerusalem, as well as the Great Sanhedrin, consisting of seventy members, besides the president, who was to be the High Priest if duly qualified, and controlling even the king and High Priest
Samaria, Samaritans - Jewish and Samaritan tradition agree as to the date of this event, which Josephus sets down wrongly in the time of Alexander the Great and Jaddua the High Priest (b. 200, during the weak rule of the High Priest Onias ii. On the evening of the 14th Nisan the whole congregation assembles, and the High Priest reads the words of institution in Exodus 12:1-12. The High Priest, who is said to be of the tribe of Levi, conducts their services, and, according to the Law, he receives tithes from his people. original), which closely follows the canonical Joshua, but has many apocryphal additions and eight concluding chapters, bringing the history down to the time of Alexander Severus; Chronicle of Abul-Fath; el-Tolidoth, a short Hebrew history from Adam till the present High Priest, accompanied by an Arabic translation
Darius - As "Jaddua" was High Priest at the invasion of Alexander the Great, Darius III, Codomanus, his enemy (336-330 B
Mizpah - 2-3; 2:19, section 4; 5:2-3) mentions Sapha (a corruption of Maspha, Mizpah) as the place of Alexander's meeting Jaddua the High Priest; and elsewhere calls it Scopus, i
Melchizedek - ...
The writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews, identifying Jesus with the Messiah, and asserting His High Priesthood, cites the words of Psalms 110:1-7 , and declares that He was named of God a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek’ ( Hebrews 5:10 )
Ezra - A "ready scribe in the law of Moses" (Psalms 119:23-4648; Ezra 7:11-12); "a scribe of the words of the commandments of the Lord and of His statutes to Israel"; "a scribe of the law of the God of heaven"; "priest"; a worthy descendant of Hilkiah the priest under Josiah, who "found the book of the law in the house of the Lord" (2 Chronicles 34:14-15); son or descendant of Seraiah (not the High Priest
Jehovah - Maimonides restricts its use to the priests' blessings and to the sanctuary; others to the High Priest on the day of atonement, when entering the holy of holies
ir-ha-Heres - The High Priest Onias iii
Presence of God - Aaron was confirmed as High Priest in God's presence (Numbers 16:7 ; 17:9 )
Zechariah - A ruler of the temple under Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:8), "the second priest" next to Hilkiah the High Priest (2 Chronicles 34:9; 2 Kings 25:18)
Messiah - Christ is not only suited to carry on all the purposes of our great High Priest, but acts in that blessed office by divine authority, and by the validity of an oath
Sacrifice - In illustrating this fundamental doctrine of Christianity, the Apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Hebrews, sets forth the excellency of the sacrifice of our great High Priest above those of the law in various particulars
Zechari'ah - ) ...
Son of the High Priest Jehoiada, in the reign of Joash king of Judah (2 Chronicles 24:20 ) and therefore the king's cousin
Atonement - On this day alone the High Priest entered the Most Holy Place
House - It was in a chamber of this size to be found in a palace, that our Lord was being arraigned before the High Priest at the time when the denial of him by St
Lots - A war was the war primarily not of Israel but of Jahweh, and that specially if it was for the punishment of wrong-doing; hence the members of a punitive expedition were chosen by lot (Judges 20:9), hence also the spoil taken in war (Judges 5:30), whether captives (2 Samuel 8:2, Nahum 3:10, Joel 3:3) or sections of a conquered city (Obadiah 1:11), The services of the sanctuary were sacred; hence the priestly functions were assigned to the orders by lot (1 Chronicles 24:5; 1 Chronicles 24:7, Luke 1:9), Shemaiah the scribe writing out the lots in the presence of a committee consisting of the king, the High Priest, and other functionaries (1 Chronicles 24:6; 1 Chronicles 24:31). This was done ‘before Jahweh’ (Joshua 18:6) and under the direction of a committee consisting of the High Priest, the political chief, and the heads of the fathers’ houses of the tribes (Joshua 14:1-2)
Political Conditions - His accession was opposed by some of his own family, and by the popular party at Jerusalem, who aimed at the restoration of the theocracy, but pleaded meanwhile for the investment of the High Priest with supreme civil power, in subordination to the Emperor alone. Twice, if not thrice, a change was made in the High Priesthood by a ruler who was considered as of mixed blood—unclean in his birth and unclean in his practice. —The situation of Judaea, on the confines of Egypt and Arabia, was of such military importance that Rome could not wisely concede the repeated request of the people for the investiture of their High Priest with all the functions of civil government. In eleven years he changed the High Priest four times, and the changes would have been more frequent but for the temporizing character of the man (Joseph Caiaphas) upon whom his final choice lighted
Priest - -The actual High Priest of the day figures in Acts alone (Acts 4:6; Acts 7:1; Acts 22:5; Acts 23:4, etc. the original and typical High Priest, Aaron, is introduced for the purpose of comparison with the priest of the New Covenant. It included such officials probably as were ‘of the kindred of the High Priest’ (Acts 4:6), with such representatives of the priesthood as were prominent through ability or influence. For Jesus Christ as Priest and High Priest the NT claims this doubly representative character
Marriage - The High Priest must marry only an Israelite virgin (Leviticus 21:13-14); heiresses must marry in their own tribe, that their property might not pass out of the tribe. The bridegroom wore an ornamental turban; Isaiah 61:10, "ornaments," rather (peer ) "a magnificent headdress" like that of the High Priest, appropriate to the "kingdom of priests" (Exodus 19:6); the bride wore "jewels" or "ornaments" in general, trousseau
Propitiation - To which may be added, out of the Apocrypha, "Now as the High Priest was making ιλασμον , an atonement," 2Ma_3:33 . The mercy seat was so called, because, under the Old Testament, it was the place where the High Priest, on the feast of expiation, sprinkled the blood of the sin-offerings, in order to make an atonement for himself and the whole congregation; and, since God accepted the offering which was then made, it was, for this reason, accounted the medium through which God showed himself propitious to the people
David - Convinced by an interview with Jonathan that Saul's enmity was no mere transient passion, 1 Samuel 20:1-42, David went to Nob, where his duplicity cost the High Priest his life, and thence to Achish, king of Gath, where, to escape the jealousy of the Philistines, he simulated madness. At Keilah, too, Abiathar, become High Priest on his father's murder, joined him, 1 Samuel 22:20; 1 Samuel 23:4, and various warriors: eleven Gadite chiefs are particularly specified, and some of Judah and Benjamin
Tabernacle - The veil separating these two chambers was a double curtain of the finest workmanship, which was never passed except by the High Priest once a year, on the great Day of Atonement
Holy - Only the High Priest could enter there, and then only once a year after special preparation
Jewish Parties in the New Testament - They were the party of the rich and the High Priestly families. They claimed to be descendants of Zadok, High Priest in the time of Solomon
Letter - When Saul went to Damascus to persecute believers, he went armed with letters from the High Priest (Acts 9:1-2 ; Acts 22:5 )
Oil - Zechariah 4:14 uses this word to refer to Joshua the High Priest and Zerubbabel the governor as "the two who are anointed (lit. Fleming, The Installation of Baal's High Priestess at Emar ; R
James, the Lord's Brother - The High Priest Ananus (a son of the Annas of the Gospels), a man of violent temper, seized the opportunity of the interval between the death of Festus (circa, about a
Ezra, Book of - 538, issued an edict permitting the exiles to return; of the latter about 40,000 availed themselves of the opportunity and returned to Judæa under Joshua the High Priest and Zerubbabel, a member of the royal Davidic family, who was appointed governor ( pechah ) by Cyrus (b
Assembly - Paul’s ignorance of the fact that Ananias was the High Priest, and explains his apology
Cherubim - (See 1618089958_99 compared with Hebrews 11:1-24) Now, as from the authority of those Scriptures, we have full licence to conclude, that the mercy-seat itself was an emblem of Christ, and the High Priest going into the Holy of Holies once in a year, with blood, a lively type of the Lord Jesus going in with his own blood into heaven itself, there to appear in the presence of God for us, we cannot for a moment suppose, but that these cherubim must have been designed to represent the holy and undivided Three persons in the one eternal JEHOVAH, before whom only, and to whom only, Christ, in his divine and nature united, made the one sacrifice of by which he hath prefected for ever them that are sanctified
Apostle - " He was the Sent One, and in Hebrews 3:1 it is written "Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Jesus
Holy - Aaron as the High Priest was “the holy one of the Lord ( Lamaism - The Delai Lama, "Grand Lama," is at once the High Priest, and the visible object of adoration, to this nation, to the hordes of wandering Tartars, and to the prodigious population of China
Judges - ...
The custody, in the sanctuary, of the standard weights and measures made an appeal to the priesthood in disputes a necessity; and in final appeals the High Priest, as chief legal authority, decided difficult cases before the time of the kings (Deuteronomy 17:8; Deuteronomy 17:12)
Feasts And Festivals of Israel - The High Priest would first bathe and then put on white undergarments and a white tunic; he would not wear the ceremonial insignia of the High Priest. The High Priest would leave his white clothing in the tent of meeting, bathe again, and then put on his regular priestly apparel. By bathing before entering the tent of meeting, the High Priest avoided bringing any form of contamination into it. The clearest statement of the High Priest's personal sinfulness was his sacrifice of a bull for the sin of himself and his family
Leadership - The official leaders in Israel were the priests, headed by the High Priest. Their office was hereditary, with the eldest living son of the High Priest continuing his father's position. Their garments were "for glory and for beauty, " the High Priest's especially, and on his mitre was a gold band engraved "holiness to Yahweh" (Exodus 28:2,36 ). Third, the priests were to render the will of God by means of the Urim and Thummim worn by the High Priest in his breastplate (Numbers 27:21 )
Temple - According to the opinion of some writers, there were three temples, namely, the first, erected by Solomon; the second, by Zerubbabel, and Joshua the High Priest; and the third, by Herod, a few years before the birth of Christ. From this the sanctuary, or holy place, was separated from the holy of holies by a double veil, which is supposed to have been the veil that was rent in twain at our Saviour's crucifixion; thus emblematically pointing out that the separation between Jews and Gentiles was abolished; and that the privilege of the High Priest was communicated to all mankind, who might henceforth have access to the throne of grace through the one great Mediator, Jesus Christ, Hebrews 10:19-22 . The holy of holies was twenty cubits square: into it no person was admitted but the High Priest, who entered it once a year on the great day of atonement, Exodus 30:10 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:15 ; Leviticus 16:34 ; Hebrews 9:2-7
John - An unnamed disciple who with Andrew had been one of John the Baptist's disciples is mentioned in John 1:35 , and an unnamed disciple helped Peter gain access to the house of the High Priest in John 18:15-16 . Relative of Annas, the High Priest (Acts 4:6 ), unless manuscripts reading Jonathan are right
Daniel, the Book of - ) the High Priest, at the head of a procession, met him and averted his wrath by showing him Daniel's prophecy that a Grecian monarch should overthrow Persia (Daniel 8:5-8). With Jaddua, High Priest in 341-322 B
Levites - The Levites stood midway between the people and the priesthood, which culminated in the High Priest. A false judaizing analogy makes the Christian deacons answer to the Levites, the presbyters to the priests, and the bishops to the High Priest
Leviticus - Thus the sin-offering for the congregation is a bullock in Leviticus 3:14 instead of the goat of Leviticus 9:15 and Numbers 15:24 ; and the High Priest’s sin-offering ( Numbers 15:3-12 ) is more elaborate than that in Numbers 9:8-11 and 1618089958_87 ; Leviticus 5:1-13 (examples of unintentional sins which require a sin-offering, and mitigations for the case of those who cannot afford a lamb or a goat) has suffered change, since Leviticus 5:2-3 evidently break the connexion between Leviticus 17:10-14 and Leviticus 5:4 . 10) prescribes how and when the High Priest may approach the Holy Place. The ritual of the Day of Atonement ( Leviticus 16:5 ; Leviticus 16:7-10 ; 1618089958_54 ) was united with this, because it defines the purpose for which the High Priest made his annual entry
Silence - Jesus, after His apprehension, was first led before Caiaphas, the High Priest. The High Priest urged Him to say something in His defence, but Jesus held His peace
Haggai - The recipients of Haggai's message included Zerubbabel and Joshua, the High Priest
Guilt - Jesus was made a merciful High Priest to make propitiation for the sins of the people (Heb
Red Heifer - The duty of superintending the burning, which took place ‘without the camp,’ was entrusted to a deputy of the High Priest
Fasting - Well is it for the faithful follower of Jesus, that He, the glorious High Priest of our profession, "beareth away the iniquity of our most holy things
Body - "Wherefore (he saith) in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people
Propitiation - It is used of the ram offered at the consecration of the High Priest, Exodus 29:33 , and of the blood which God gave upon the altar to make "propitiation" for the souls of the people, and that because "the life of the flesh is in the blood," Leviticus 17:11 , and "it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life" (RV)
Oracle - ...
Fourthly, The oracle of the Urim and Thummim, which was accompanied with the ephod, or the pectoral worn by the High Priest, and which God had endued with the gift of foretelling things to come, Numb
Persia - Then, under Darius I, Zerubabbel and the High Priest, Joshua, led the restored community with the support and encouragement of the Persians
Reconcilation - For these unknown sins the Hebrews were forgiven by the sacrifices and elaborate ritual of the High Priest
Nehemiah, Book of - The High Priest Jaddua mentioned in Nehemiah 12:11 is known from Josephus to have been a contemporary of Alexander the Great
Nehemiah - One characteristic sentence vividly illustrates this relentless zeal: ‘And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the High Priest, was son-in-law to San-ballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me’ ( Nehemiah 13:28 )
Nicodemus - John knew the High Priest (John 18:15), so his knowledge of Nicodemus among the High Priest's associates is natural
Haggai, Theology of - Through their effective preaching, Zerubbabel the governor and Joshua the High Priest were able to complete the "second temple" by 515 b
Cry - According to Jewish tradition, in the solemn prayer for forgiveness uttered by the High Priest on the Day of Atonement in the Holy of Holies, the words אנא השם כפר ‘O Lord, forgive,’ were spoken with heightened voice, so that they could be heard at a distance
Sadducees - ...
But the Zadok from whom the Sadducees are named may be rather the famous Zadok who superseded Abiathar under Solomon (1 Kings 2:35); "the house of Zadok," "the sons of Zadok," "the seed of Zadok" are named with preeminent honour in 2 Chronicles 31:10; Ezekiel 40:46; Ezekiel 42:19; Ezekiel 44:15; Ezekiel 48:11; so they became a kind of sacerdotal aristocracy, including the High Priests' families; compare Mishna, Sanhed
Antiochus - This probability was increased by the apostasy of the High Priest
Lama, Grand - A name given to the sovereign pontiff or High Priest of the Thibetian Tartars, who resides at Patoli, a vast palace on a mountain near the banks of Barampooter, about seven miles from Lahassa
Seek - At other times this expression is found in connection with the use of the Urim and Thummim by the High Priest as he sought to discover the will of God by the throwing of these sacred stones ( Ark of the Covenant - Hence it is that God is said in Scripture to dwell between the cherubim, on the mercy seat, because there was the seat or throne of the visible appearance of his glory among them, 2 Kings 19:15 ; 1 Chronicles 13:6 ; Psalms 80:1 , &c; and for this reason the High Priest appeared before the mercy seat once every year, on the great day of expiation, at which time he was to make his nearest approach to the divine presence, to mediate and make atonement for the whole people of Israel
Arise, Arose, Arouse, Raise, Rise, Rouse - , of "rising" from sleep, Mark 1:35 ; from a meeting in a synagogue, Luke 4:29 ; of the illegal "rising" of the High Priest in the tribunal in Matthew 26:62 ; of an invalid "rising" from his couch, Luke 5:25 ; the "rising" up of a disciple from his vocation to follow Christ, Luke 5:28 ; cp
Precious Stones - John’s list of 12 precious stones is closely related to that of the 12 engraved stones in the breastplate of the High Priest (Exodus 28:17-20; Exodus 39:10-13), and thus to that of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13, where the LXX_, diverging widely from the Massoretic text, simply reproduces the stones of the breastplate)
Hebrews, Letter to the - Christ is the great High Priest of his people (4:14-5:10), but unstable Christians cannot appreciate this (5:11-14)
Clement of Rome, Epistle of - ...
Regard for order and decency is Divinely taught in the Mosaic Law, which expressly prescribes how, when, and by whom each of its rites shall be performed, every man having his own appointed place, whether High Priest, priest, Levite, or layman (xl. We offer our praises to the Almighty Father ‘through the High Priest and Guardian of our souls, Jesus Christ’ (lix-lxi. ...
May God endue with all virtues those who call on His name through Jesus Christ our High Priest and Guardian (lxiv. Meanwhile He is ‘the High Priest of our offerings, the Guardian and Helper of our weakness’ (xxxvi
Atonement - Everyone, even the High Priest, is guilty and needs atonement that can only be provided by God himself. The Old Testament sacrifices are shown to be but shadows of the real sacrifice of Christ on the cross by the fact of Aaron's sinfulness; an imperfect High Priest cannot offer a true sacrifice, just as the blood of bulls and goats could never truly pay for the offense of human sin or substitute for the shedding of human blood
Priest, Priesthood - ...
Second Kings 23:4-20 lists five categories of priests that existed in ancient Israel before Josiah's reformation, and arranges them according to their proximity to the Jerusalem temple: (1) the High Priest (v. Therefore, only the first two categories of priests in 2 Kings 23 retained their office: the "high priest" (v
Manliness - ), His last journey and entrance into Jerusalem (Luke 9:51), His demeanour before the High Priest and before Pilate (Matthew 26:57 f. And once more, before the High Priest, before Pilate, and in the brutal hands of the soldiers, He never spoke one bitter or unworthy word, even though Peter denied Him and the other disciples had forsaken Him
Exorcism - When the High Priest said to Jesus ὁρκίζω* Mediator - He is a propitiatory sacrifice, Romans 3:25 ; Romans 5:11 ; 1 Corinthians 5:7 ; Ephesians 5:2 ; 1 John 2:2 ; Matthew 26:28 ; John 1:29 ; John 1:36 ; and, as because of his peculiar offering, of a merit transcending all others, he is styled our High Priest. He is "the great High Priest of our profession," who, having "offered himself without spot to God," has entered the holiest to make intercession for us, and to present our prayers and services to God, securing to them acceptance by virtue of his own merits
Praise - ...
Again in Hebrews 13:15 it is suggested that our praises are only worthily offered through our great High Priest: ‘Through him let us offer up a sacrifice of praise. 61: ‘O Thou, who alone art able to do these things, and things far more exceeding good than these for us, we praise Thee through the High Priest and Guardian of our souls, Jesus Christ, through whom be the glory and the majesty unto Thee both now and for all generations and for ever and ever
Sanhedrin - As regards the composition of the Sanhedrin, the hereditary High Priest stood at the head of it, and in its fundamental character it formed a sacerdotal aristocracy, and represented the nobility, i
Incense - On the day of atonement the High Priest, after offering the bullock for himself, took incense in his left hand and a golden shovel full of live coals from the western side of the brazen altar in his right, and went into the most holy place, his first entrance there (Leviticus 16:12-13)
Purity-Purification - The sacrifice of Christ brings purification; Christ cleansed as a part of the work of the High Priest and His blood cleanses from sin (1 John 1:7 )
Book(s) - ...
The Book of the Law During the reign of Josiah, Hilkiah, the High Priest, found a copy of the “Book of the Law” in the Temple (2 Kings 22:8 )
Roman Empire - , interfered in the contest between Aristobulus and Aretas king of Arabia Petraea, who supported Hyrcanus, whom Aristobulus had driven from the High Priesthood. Hyrcanus was titular sovereign and High Priest, subject to his minister Antipater, the partisan of Rome
Slave, Slavery - The personal slave of a centurion (Matthew 8:5-13 ) or of a High Priest (Matthew 26:51 ) is a natural part of the narrative
Refuge - Kedesh which signifies holy, was a beautiful memorandum of him concerning whom the Holy Ghost saith, by the apostle, Hebrews 7:26 "Such an High Priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens
Coming Again - The course of events which was to culminate in the ruin of Jerusalem was to be the first startling revelation of His victorious energy in asserting His supremacy in the affairs of men and nations; and this is apparently suggested, in vivid figurative language, by the statement to the High Priest, ‘Henceforth’—from this time onward—‘ye shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven’ (Matthew 26:64), as if a process of judicial and retributive manifestations of His power in human history would then begin
Dereliction - That He might ‘redeem us from the curse of the law’ it was necessary that He should be ‘made a curse for us’ (Galatians 3:13); ‘it behoved him in every respect to be made like unto his brethren, that he might prove a merciful and faithful High Priest’; and it is because ‘he hath himself suffered, having been tempted,’ that ‘he is able to succour them that are being tempted’ (Hebrews 2:17-18)
Flesh - ‘In the days of his flesh’ (Hebrews 5:7) does not mean in the days when He possessed a body, or in the days when He bore our human nature; for the author firmly believes in the continued and complete humanity of our heavenly High Priest (Hebrews 4:14 f
Clean, To Be - The High Priest’s vestment included “two chains of pure gold” and “a plate of pure gold” ( High Priest and a Nazarite during “all the days that he separateth himself unto the Lord” ( Offerings - ...
Sin-offerings were for expiation of particular sins, or legal imperfections, called therefore sin-offerings: the first sort were for sins of ignorance or surprise, either from the High Priest, or body of the community, from the rulers, or any one of the common people
Feasts - It was instituted for a general expiation of sins, irreverences, and pollutions of all the Israelites, from the High Priest to the lowest of the people, committed by them throughout the year, Leviticus 23:27-28 ; Numbers 29:7
Heaven - There he is sat down upon his throne, crowned with glory and honour, as king upon his holy hill of Zion, and continually officiates as our great High Priest, Advocate, and Intercessor, within the vail
Bear - The idea is that of not being unduly disturbed by the faults and ignorance of others; or rather perhaps of feeling in some measure, in contrast to the full feeling with expressed in the verb sumpatheo in Hebrews 4:15 , with reference to Christ as the High Priest
Bear - The idea is that of not being unduly disturbed by the faults and ignorance of others; or rather perhaps of feeling in some measure, in contrast to the full feeling with expressed in the verb sumpatheo in Hebrews 4:15 , with reference to Christ as the High Priest
Clothing, Cloths, Clothes, Cloke, Coat - The High Priest, in rending his clothes after the reply the Lord gave him in answer to his challenge, rent his undergarments (chiton), the more forcibly to express his assumed horror and indignation, Mark 14:63 . It was one of the garments of the High Priests, a robe (Hebrew, chetoneth), mentioned after the ephod in Exodus 28:4 , etc. There, poderes is described as "a garment down to the feet," indicative of His High Priestly character and acts
Merciful, Mercy - 1, not simply possessed of pity but actively compassionate, is used of Christ as a High Priest, Hebrews 2:17 , and of those who are like God, Matthew 5:7 (cp
Prayer - But of the prayers recorded in the Old Testament the two most remarkable are those of Solomon at the dedication of the temple, (1618089958_58 ) and of Joshua the High Priest, and his colleagues, after the captivity
Government - The population of Judea was organized in terms of temple worship under the leadership of a High Priest and his priestly subordinates. The High Priest became an important religious and political figure, while the emphasis on the law brought the scribes into new prominence as interpreters of the words of Moses. In the Jewish commonwealth the office of High Priest had come into increasing importance. It was not long before the High Priesthood became a political appointment, which was unfortunate for Jews and Romans alike when the Maccabeans revolted after 167 b
Government of the Hebrews - Those of a very difficult character, so much so as to be perplexing to the superior judges, were appealed to Moses himself, and in some cases from Moses to the High Priest. God, it is true, was the King, and the High Priest, if we may be allowed so to speak, was his minister of state; but still the political affairs were in a great measure under the disposal of the elders, princes, &c. But although the Hebrew state was so constituted, that beside God, the invisible King, and his visible servant, the High Priest, there was no other general ruler of the commonwealth, yet it is well known that there were rulers of a high rank, appointed at various times, called ושפט , a word which not only signifies a judge in the usual sense of the term, but any governor, or administrator of public affairs, 1 Samuel 8:20 ; Isaiah 11:4 ; 1 Kings 3:9 . After their death the Jews were governed by their High Priests, in subjection however to the Persian kings, to whom they paid tribute, Ezra 4:13 ; Ezra 7:24 , but with the full enjoyment of their other magistrates, as well as their liberties, civil and religious
Jeremiah - Son of Hilkiah, a priest in Anathoth of Benjamin; not the High Priest Hilkiah who discovered the book of the law in Josiah's reign (Psalms 2:8-9), for Jeremiah's father is not designated as "the priest" or "the High Priest. Thenceforward the High Priesthood was in Eleazar's and Zadok's line. Indications of affinity or friendship with some of the actors in it occur in the sameness of names: Jeremiah's father bearing the name of Hilkiah, Josiah's High Priest; his uncle that of Shallum, Huldah's husband (Jeremiah 32:7; compare 2 Kings 22:14); Ahikam, Jeremiah's protector (Jeremiah 26:24), was also the fellow worker with Huldah in the revival; moreover Maaseiah, governor of Jerusalem, sent by Josiah as ally of Hilkiah in repairing the temple (2 Chronicles 34:8), was father of Neriah, the father of both Baruch and Seraiah, Jeremiah's disciples (Jeremiah 36:4; Jeremiah 36:27-323)
Mark, Gospel According to - ]'>[11] , ‘when Abiathar was High Priest,’ are omitted in Mt. , for Abiathar was not yet High Priest at the time in question. ), of the smiting of Jesus by the servants of the High Priest ( Mark 14:65 ), of Pilate’s wonder, and of his question put to the centurion ( Mark 15:44 )
Deuteronomy, the Book of - ...
Possibly also the book of the law found in the temple by Hilkiah the High Priest and brought before king Josiah, after disuse for the 60 years of the two previous reigns, was Deuteronomy alone. Jeremiah was the son of Hilkiah, probably related to the High Priest, and his uncle, Shallum, was apparently the husband of Huldah, the prophetess
Sympathy - ) to state plainly the continuing nature of the Divine compassion of the Son of Man: ‘We have not an High Priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. ‘We have not an High Priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin’ (Hebrews 4:15)
Aaron - His high dignity as interpreter of Moses, and worker of the appointed "signs in the sight of the people," and his investiture with the hereditary High Priesthood, a dignity which Moses did not share, account naturally for his having once harbored envy, and joined with Miriam in her jealousy of Moses' Ethiopian wife, when they said: "Hath the Lord spoken only by Moses? Hath He not spoken also by us?" (Compare Numbers 12:1-2 with Exodus 15:20. "...
Aaron's humiliation and repentance must have been very deep; for two months after this great sin, God's foreappointed plan (Exodus 29) was carried into effect in the consecration of Aaron to the High Priesthood (Leviticus 8). ...
His not taking the priestly honor to himself, but being called by God (Hebrews 5:4-5), his anointing with incommunicable ointment (compare Psalms 45:7 and Psalms 133:2), his intercession for his guilty people, his bearing the names of his people on his shoulders and breast (Exodus 28:12; Exodus 28:29-30), his being the only High Priest, so that death visited any other who usurped the priesthood, his rod of office (compare Psalms 110:2; Numbers 24:17), his alone presenting the blood before the mercy-seat on the day of atonement, the HOLINESS TO THE LORD on his forehead in his intercession within the veil (compare 1 Corinthians 1:30; Hebrews 9:24), the Urim and Thummim (Light and Perfection), all point to the true High Priest, the Lord Jesus Christ
Confession - Hebrews 3:1 reads, ‘consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. 36, who calls Christ ‘the High Priest of our offerings
the Queen of Sheba - The Queen of Sheba was like one of those children in Israel who asked their fathers at every passover supper, What mean ye by this service? Only, she was not a child, but a woman of a strong understanding and a deep heart, and both Solomon and the High Priest and the prophet, all three together, were at their wits' end; it took them all their might to open up all the parts of the temple and its sacrifices to her satisfaction: the reason of this, and the reason of that; the use of this, and the use of that; the antitype of this, and the antitype of that-she both hearing them and asking them questions. But I would have had things in my heart worse than captiousness or frivolousness; things that I would never have told to Solomon, or to Nathan, or even to the High Priest over the scapegoat
Pentateuch - The tabernacle is at Shiloh (Judges 18:31); Israel goes up to the house of God and consults the High Priest with Urim and Thummim (Judges 20:23; Judges 20:26-28; Exodus 28:30; Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 12:5). Eli, High Priest, is sprung from Aaron through Ithamar (1 Chronicles 24:3; 2 Samuel 8:17; Leviticus 24:2-30)
Apostolic Constitutions And Canons - The High Priest consecrates, the service proceeds with responses and prayers. ’ To the older source the compiler of the ‘Constitutions’ adds that the High Priest puts on ‘his shining garment’ and crosses himself; and, after the deacons, adds a long list of classes of partakers, ending with the children; and orders Psalms 33 to be said while the distribution takes place
Christ - ...
The Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Hebrews 3:1. ...
The High Priest, the Prophet, and the King of his people, Hebrews 5:1; Luke 4:24; Matthew 21:5
Joshua - Joshua was inferior to Moses in standing before Eleazar the High Priest to inquire through him and his Urim and Thummim, of Jehovah; Moses enjoyed direct communion with God. Moses gave Joshua a charge before the High Priest and congregation
Jews - Jerusalem and the Temple were rebuilt, and a tiny Jewish state was formed, subject to Persia, but under the jurisdiction of the Jewish High Priest and a council of elders. Intrigue and bribery on the part of members of the High Priest's family brought about internal dissension and occasioned a series of Syrian invasions
Malachi - He supported or followed up the governor Nehemiah in the restoration of the national polity civil and religious, as Haggai and Zechariah previously had supported Joshua the High Priest and Zerubbabel the civil governor in building the temple, Malachi (Zechariah 1:10; Zechariah 3:1-10) presupposes the temple already built. Like Nehemiah (Nehemiah 13:5; Nehemiah 13:15-22; Nehemiah 13:23-30) he censures the secular and mercenary spirit of the priests (Malachi 1:10; Malachi 2:14-16; Malachi 3:8-10); the people's marriages with foreigners; the non-payment of the tithes (Nehemiah states the cause, the High Priest's alliance with Tobiah the Ammonite and Sanballat); and the rich men's want of sympathy toward the poor
Expiation, Propitiation - The high point of the sacrificial cult was the annual day of atonement when the sins of the people were laid on a scapegoat by the High Priest and the sin-laden animal was then driven into the wilderness to perish (Leviticus 16:1-34 )
Service - Thus in the one passage in which it appears in the Gospels (Luke 1:23) it is used of the priest Zacharias, as it is afterwards used of the great High Priest in Hebrews 8:1 ff
Abomination of Desolation - In opposition to Ananus, they set up as High Priest one Phannias, ‘a man not only unworthy of the High Priesthood, but ignorant of what the High Priesthood was’ (ἀνὴρ οὑ μόνον ἀνάξιος ἀρχιερεὺς ἀλλʼ οὐδʼ ἐπιστάμενος σαφῶς τί ποτʼ ἧν ἀρχιερωσύνη)
Samaritan Pentateuch - They say themselves that Nathaniel their High Priest, who died 20 B
Diana - The priests were eunuchs, and were called μεγάβυζοι; there was one High Priest. The goddess was also served by three grades of priestesses, called μελλιέραι, ἱεραί, and παριέραι; at the head of these was a High Priestess
Numbers as Symbols - ) There were twelve patriarchs, ancestors of the twelve tribes, who are commemorated in the twelve loaves on the table, the twelve stones in the breastplate and twelve names on the shoulders of the High Priest; the twelve stones taken out of Jordan, and the twelve stones placed in the bed of the river; also in the woman with a crown of twelve stars
Call, Called, Calling - Of this OT meaning examples in the NT are our Lord’s call of His apostles (Matthew 4:21), the Spirit’s call of Barnabas and Saul (Acts 13:2), the call of the High Priest of the old dispensation (Hebrews 5:4), where a Divine call to special service is given and accepted
Pilate - Pilate was guilty, but less so than the High Priest who in spite of light and spiritual knowledge (John 19:11) delivered Jesus to him
Pharisees - The earliest mention of them is by Josephus, who tells us that they were a sect of considerable weight when John Hyrcanus was High Priest, B
Sanhedrim - Others will have it, that the council of seventy elders, established by Moses, was temporary, and did not hold after his death; adding, that we find no sign of any such perpetual and infallible tribunal throughout the whole Old Testament; and that the sanhedrim was first set up in the time when the Maccabees, or Asmoneans, took upon themselves the administration of the government under the title of High Priests, and afterward of kings, that is, after the persecution of Antiochus. The king, High Priest, and prophets, were subject to its jurisdiction
Phylacteries - Phylacteries were more holy than the gold plate worn by the High Priest, since that contained the Divine Name once, the phylacteries twenty-three times
Peter (2) - When our Lord is arrested in Gethsemane, he has the courage, perhaps rather the rashness, to draw a sword and seek to cut down the very person who, it may be, was making the arrest (John 18:10); he follows our Lord into the palace of the High Priest, and there, outworn, perplexed, thrown off his guard, unmanned, he three times declares that he knows nothing of Jesus. What the Apostle did after he quitted the palace of the High Priest, has not been told us
Pilate - ...
(1) According to Mark (Mark 14:53), the chief priests and scribes and elders, after Jesus had been brought from Gethsemane, led Him away to the High Priest, in whose residence they all assembled. Then the High Priest elicited from Him a declaration that He was the Messiah. Pilate proposed instead to release Jesus, knowing that hatred had been the motive of the High Priests in handing Him over
Herod - Herod also had executed Aristobulus III, son of Alexandra and brother of Mariamne soon after he was appointed by Herod to be High Priest
Red Heifer - For although he glorified not himself to be either an High Priest, or sacrifice, uncalled and unsent of God, yet equally certain it is, that without his own voluntary offering he could not have suited the purpose of our redemption
Jesus, the Lord - He is also the Advocate, Intercessor, and High Priest on behalf of those who believe on Him, who are still in weakness on earth and need His support and aid
Zechariah, Book of - In vision four (Zechariah 3:1-10 ) the High Priest Joshua is symbolically cleansed for his work
Blood - (g) By His blood as our High Priest He enters into the presence of God on our behalf (Hebrews 9:12-24; Hebrews 10:19), there both perfectly realizing fellowship with God for Himself and carrying forward His mediatorial work
Mediator - " How blessedly the apostle follows up this Scriptural account of our Jesus! "Wherefore, saith the apostle, in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people; for in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted
Righteous, To Be - In Old Aramaic the adjective signifies “loyalty” of a king or High Priest to his personal god, often represented by a gift to the god
Josiah - At his house in Jerusalem the three from Babylon were guests, from whom Zechariah by God's command took silver and gold to make crowns for the High Priest Joshua's head
Blood - (g) By His blood as our High Priest He enters into the presence of God on our behalf (Hebrews 9:12-24; Hebrews 10:19), there both perfectly realizing fellowship with God for Himself and carrying forward His mediatorial work
John, Gospel of - ...
Upon going to Gethsemane to pray again, Jesus was arrested and taken to the High Priest (18:1-27)
Pity Compassion - Particularly in the Epistle to the Hebrews the ‘sympathy’ of Christ has primary reference not to the suffering of believers in itself, but to the suffering in its moral aspect as exposing to temptation, whence also its first effect is the shielding from sin or the propitiation of sin: Hebrews 2:17-18 (‘a merciful … High Priest to propitiate the sins of the people’) Hebrews 4:15-16 (‘that we may obtain mercy and grace’) Hebrews 5:8-9 (sympathetic appreciation of the nature of obedience on Christ’s part for the benefit of those who have to obey)
Clean And Unclean - For similar reasons warriors needed purification after a battle ( Numbers 31:19-24 ); a murderer defiled the land and had to flee to a city of refuge, where he must remain till the death of the High Priest ( Numbers 35:1-34 ). It has been suggested that this provision was due to the notion that the High Priest, the temporary representative of Jahweh, was regarded as suffering from the defilement of murder as God suffered, and as the land suffered ( Deuteronomy 21:1 )
Typology - Jesus became a High Priest and a minister of the holy places and true tent, which the Lord pitched (Hebrews 8:2 )
Devil - "Knowing that he hath but a short time" (Revelation 12), in "great wrath" he concentrates his power on the earth, especially toward the end, when he is to lose his standing against Israel and expulsion shall be executed on him and his by Michael (Revelation 12:7-9; Daniel 12:1; Zechariah 3, where Joshua the High Priest represents "Jerusalem," whose "choice" by the Lord is the ground of the Lord's rebuke to Satan)
Dress - The mixture of wool and flax was forbidden (Leviticus 19:19; Deuteronomy 22:11), the combination being reserved to the High Priest alone (Exodus 28:4), and that a combination of different threads, not of different materials in one thread, such as linsey woolsey
Herod - Detaining Agrippa in Rome, the Emperor compensated him six years afterwards for the loss of his paternal inheritance by giving him his uncle Herod’s kingdom of Chalcis, as well as the rights, which Herod had possessed, of supervising the Temple and choosing the High Priest
Genealogy - Apion, 1:7) the priests had to verify the descent of their intended wives from the archives at Jerusalem, and to make new genealogical tables after every war, in order to ascertain what women had been made captives, as such were excluded from marrying priests; the list of High Priests for 2,000 years backward was preserved in the archives in his day. The present impossibility of verifying the genealogies of the Jews' tribes and families is a divine indication that Christ the antitypical High Priest and the Heir of David's throne having come supersedes the polity of typical priests and kings, which, in ancient times, required the careful preservation of pedigrees
Septuagint - Ptolemy accordingly sent ambassadors to Eleazar the High Priest, who sent back to Alexandria seventy-two elders, six from each tribe, with magnificent copies of the Hebrew Scriptures
Consecrate, Consecration (2) - ’ Our Lord, as ‘a Son perfected for evermore,’ is contrasted with human High Priests ‘having infirmity. The thought is that by means of His own blood our High Priest passed into the Divine presence, inaugurating a way for us
Clean, Cleanness - His atoning death as our great High Priest transcended all the Law's cleansing rituals could ever be expected to do in the single offering of Himself for us on Calvary (Hebrews 7:27 )
Temple of Jerusalem - Because it was God's house, the worshipers could not enter the holy place, reserved only for priests and other worship leaders, much less the holiest place (holy of holies) to be entered by the High Priest only once a year (1 Corinthians 3:16-17 ). , the work was renewed by the new governor Zerubbabel and Jeshua the High Priest at the urging of the prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:1-2 ). Judas' successors appointed themselves as High Priests, and the Temple became more a political institution
Sacrifice - "...
But in the sin offering, for one of the common people or a ruler, he took of the blood with his finger and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and poured out what blood remained at the bottom of the altar; in the sin offering for the congregation and for the High Priest he brought some of the blood into the sanctuary and sprinkled it seven times before the veil, and put some on the horns of the altar of incense (Leviticus 4:3; Leviticus 4:6; Leviticus 4:25; Leviticus 4:30). ...
Their victims were arbitrary and inadequate representatives of the offerer; but He is one with man the offerer, and one with God the Accepter of the sacrifice, so our true and only mediating Priest, representative Offerer, and Victim (Hebrews 5:1-4), ordained by God with an oath a High Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek, "tempted in all points like as we are, yet without sin," yet as Son of God above all creatures, ever living to intercede for us, opening once for all access into the holiest by a new and living way (not by dead sacrifce: Hebrews 10:19-22; 1618089959_96)
Aaron - IS NOT AARON THE LEVITE THY BROTHER? I KNOW THAT HE CAN SPEAK WELL...
WHAT a gifted house! What an honour to that man of the house of Levi who took to wife a daughter of Levi! What a rich slave-hut was that with Miriam and Aaron and Moses all born of God into it! What splendid wages to have three such children given to that son and daughter of Levi to nurse up for the Lord, and for Israel, and for all the world; three such goodly children as Miriam the prophetess, and Aaron the High Priest, and Moses the deliverer and leader and lawgiver of Israel. You may rely upon it that many an Israelite whose sin had found him out had a prayer offered for him and for his case at the altar such that the penitent never knew where all the compassion, and all the sympathy, and all the humility, and all the holiness, and all the harmlessness of his High Priest came from. Little did the penitents in Israel think how much of his High Priesthood Aaron had put on under Sinai and on the scene of that idolatrous and licentious revelry. And, though they did not know it, and would not have believed it, the penitents in Israel got far more good out of their High Priest's trespass in the matter of the golden calf, than ever they got out of his broidered garments, and his silver bells, and his fair mitre upon bis head
Confess, Confession - The Old Testament also stresses the way in which representative figures among the people of Israel can publicly confess sins on behalf of the people as a whole (the High Priest on the Day of Atonement [16:21; Ezra 10:1 ]'>[3] [4] [5])
Sacrifice - To these may be added, (d) The incense offered after sacrifice in the holy place and (on the Day of Atonement) in the holy of holies, the symbol of the intercession of the priest (as a type of the great High Priest) accompanying and making efficacious the prayer of the people
Church - The Old Testament ministry of High Priest, priests, and Levites necessarily ended with the destruction of the one and only temple appointed by God
Messiah - ...
Since the king of Psalms 110 was also a priest, Jesus was not only the messianic king but also the messianic priest (Psalms 110:4; Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 7; see PRIEST, sub-heading ‘The High Priesthood of Jesus’). But when he admitted before the High Priest Caiaphas that he was the Messiah, adding a statement that placed him on equality with God, he was accused of blasphemy and condemned to death (1 Kings 1:39)
Covenant - Daniel 11:28 ; Daniel 11:30 , Psalms 74:20 ), and the prince will be the High Priest, Onias III
Mediator, Mediation - Second, Christ's service as High Priest involved the shedding of his own blood rather than the mere shedding of animal blood (9:11-15). Since this covenant was accompanied by Christ's superior High Priestly role with its superior sacrifice, it is the answer to the plight of sin that the first covenant made so clear
Promise - The rites and ceremonies inherent in the Mosaic covenant had become obsolete with the appearance of our great High Priest, who is the mediator of a new testament (Hebrews 9:11-15 )
Scribes - The scribe or "royal secretary" under David and Solomon (2 Samuel 8:17; Luke 7:24-25,57; 1 Kings 4:3) ranks with the High Priest and the captain of the host (compare 2 Kings 12:10)
Stephen - Then the High Priest appealed to Stephen himself as Caiaphas had to Jesus
Fish, Fisher, Fishing - It may be that this traffic extended as far as Jerusalem; some have supposed that it was in this way that one of Jesus’ disciples, the companion of Simon Peter, was known to the High Priest (John 18:15 f
Habits - The robe of the ephod, in the gorgeous dress of the High Priest, was made all of blue; it was a prominent colour in the sumptuous hangings of the tabernacle; and the whole people of Israel were required to put a fringe of blue upon the border of their garments, and on the fringe a riband of the same colour
Poverty (2) - Zebedee would seem to have been in a good position (Mark 1:20 ‘with the hired servants’; one of his sons is personally known to the High Priest, John 18:15)
Christ in the Early Church - From the very first Jesus Christ stands out in all the records of the early Church as the personal, living Master, not merely the Shepherd and High Priest of His faithful ones, but the true Lord and King of the Universe. (a) To Clement of Rome, Christ is ‘the High Priest of our offerings, the guardian and helper of our weakness’ (36). How then can I blaspheme my King and Saviour!’ And the apparently contemporary record of the martyrdom of polycarp closes with the significant words: ‘The blessed Polycarp was apprehended by Herodes, when Philip of Tralles was High Priest, in the proconsulship of Statius Quadratus, but in the reign of the Eternal King, Jesus Christ
Death of Christ - The prophecy of Caiaphas, in a way that that High Priest could not himself realize, indicated the purpose of God that was to be fulfilled, "to have one man die for the people" (11:50-52; 18:13). " This brings us to the language of priesthood, the dominant theme of Hebrews that is summed up in the words of 4:14-16: "Since we have a great High Priest let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence
Propitiation - Propitiation occurs in the apostolic literature of the NT only four times: (1) Romans 3:25 as the rendering of ἱλαστήριον: ‘whom God set forth to be a propitiation, through faith, by his blood, to shew his righteousness, because of the passing over of sins done aforetime, in the forbearance of God’; (2) as the rendering of ἱλασμός, 1 John 2:2 : ‘and he is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the whole world’; (3) 1 John 4:10 : ‘Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins’; (4) in RV_ it is also used in Hebrews 2:17 as the translation of τὸ ἱλάσκεσθαι: ‘Wherefore it behoved him in all things to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people’; ἱλαστήριον also occurs in Hebrews 9:5, rendered ‘mercy-seat’ (RVm_ ‘Gr. Christ is the High Priest who offers Himself; He is at once Victim and Priest in a propitiation that procures forgiveness of sins and thereby the privilege of direct access to and communion with God
Divorce - A High Priest was not to marry a divorcee
Episcopacy - As to the ancient writers, it is observed, that though Clemens Romanus recommends to the Corinthians the example of the Jewish church, where the High Priest, ordinary priest, and Levites knew and observed their respective offices, yet he never mentions presbyters and bishops as distinct, nor refers the contending Corinthians to any one ecclesiastical head as the centre of unity, which he would probably have done if there had been any diocesan bishops among them; nay, he seems evidently to speak of presbyters as exercising the episcopal office
Captivity - , Ezra 5) the prophets, Jeshua the High Priest, and Zerubbabel
Ugarit - There were found temples dedicated to Baal and to El; between these buildings was located the house of the High Priest and scriptorium
New Covenant - ...
The author of Hebrews explicitly asserted that Jeremiah 31:31-34 was fulfilled by means of the death of Jesus, who was both the greater High Priest and better sacrifice. Jesus as mediator of the new covenant was superior to the Aaronic High Priests, the mediators of the first covenant; likewise, as the better sacrifice, Jesus truly expiated guilt unlike the blood of animals
Antiochus - In his capture of Jerusalem, guided by Menelaus the High Priest "against the holy covenant," he took away the golden altar, candlestick, vessels of gold and silver from the temple, sacrificed swine on the altar, and sprinkled swine broth through the temple; his spoils from it amounted 1800 talents. At first he followed the liberal policy of his predecessors; but when it suited his purpose to plunder the Jews and destroy their polity, he did not hesitate, and the corruptions prevalent and the rivalries of Jason and Menelaus for the High Priesthood afforded him the occasion
Intercession - In the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 7:25) there is an important passage on the intercession of the Lord Jesus as our High Priest
Twelve - ...
Twelve Stones in the Breastplate of the High Priest: ( Exodus 28:17-20)
Arrest - —When Judas, withdrawing from the Supper, betook himself to the High Priests and informed them that he was ready to implement his agreement (see Betrayal), their simplest way would have been to accompany him back to the upper room and there arrest Jesus. And with the rest, forgetting their dignity in their eagerness to witness the success of their machinations, went some of the High Priests, the temple-captains,† [8] and, assailing a slave of the High Priest named Malchus, cut off his right ear. ]'>[13] ...
Who was he? and why should the Evangelist have recorded an incident which seems merely to introduce an incongruous element of comedy into the tragic narrative? Of all the conjectures which have been offered,|| Bishop, Elder, Presbyter - It is doubtful whether the mention of the High Priest has any reference to a monarchical episcopate
Philistim - But these conquests of Joshua must have been ill maintained, since, under the Judges, under Saul, and at the beginning of the reign of King David, the Philistines had their kings, and their lords, whom they called Sazenim; since their state was divided into five little kingdoms, or satrapies; and since they oppressed the Israelites during the government of the High Priest Eli, and of Samuel, and during the reign of Saul, for about a hundred and twenty years, from A
Herod - Hyrcanus had been for a considerable time prince and High Priest of the Jewish nation; but while the Roman empire was in an unsettled state, after the death of Julius Caesar, Antigonus, son of Aristobulus, brother of Hyrcanus, made himself master of the city and all Judea
Tabernacle - In the Most Holy Place, into which only the High Priest entered once a year, Hebrews 9:7 , was the ark, covered by the mercy-seat and the cherubim
New Moon - In ancient times the beginning of the month was proclaimed amongst the Jews by the High Priest or president of the Sanhedrin when two witnesses had satisfactorily testified to the appearance of the new moon
Intercession - In the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 7:25) there is an important passage on the intercession of the Lord Jesus as our High Priest
Holiness - Hence Jesus, our High Priest, is ‘holy’ (Hebrews 7:26); in His filial reverence and in His devotion to His Father’s will there is no flaw; He is, therefore, fitted to appear in the presence of God to do priestly service on our behalf. Our High Priest, for ever ‘separated from sinners,’ is ‘holy’ (Hebrews 7:26)
Dates - 26-36), the High Priest of the Jews was Caiaphas (a. ]'>[4] The latest limit is fixed by the fact that after 34 Caiaphas was no longer High Priest
Jesus Christ - 780 (30 counted back bring our Lord's birth to 750), when Pontius Pilate was procurator of Judea and Annas and Caiaphas jointly in fact exercised the High Priesthood, Caiaphas being nominally the High Priest (John 18:13), John Baptist, as last prophet of the Old Testament dispensation, by preaching repentance for sin and a return to legal obedience, prepared the way for Messiah, the Saviour from sin; whereas the people's desire was for a Messiah who would deliver them from the hated foreign, yoke. Thus "Christ glorified not Himself to be made an High Priest, but He that said Thou art My Son" (Psalms 2:7; Hebrews 5:5; Matthew 3:14)
Jesus Christ - Hebrews cast Jesus in the role of priest, God's great and final High Priest, who both makes the sacrifice and is the sacrifice
Atonement - ...
On the great day of atonement the High Priest made "atonement for the sanctuary, the tabernacle, and the altar" also, as well as for the priests and all the people; but it was the people's sin that defiled the places so as to make them unfit for the presence of the Holy One
Esther - ...
The last of the great synagogue was Simon the Just, High Priest 310-291 B
Government - The High Priest and the priesthood exercised considerable authority, though it remained in name “religious” authority
Samaria - Gerizim was begun by a renegade Jewish priest-Manasseh the High Priest’s brother-who had married a Cuthaean satrap’s daughter (Ant. 2) in the time of this victorious Maccabaean prince and High Priest, whose sons destroyed it after a year’s siege, and took possession of the whole district for the Jews (Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) I
Sin - When the High Priest consecrated the people by sprinkling them with the blood of the atoning sacrifice, they renewed their vows to the Lord to be a covenant-keeping people
Games - ...
We read in 2Ma 4:9-17 how Jason the High Priest and the head of the Hellenizing party, having bribed Antiochus Epiphanes with 150 talents of silver, set up ‘a place of exercise’ (gymnasium) for the training up of youths ‘in the practices of the heathen
Fulfillment - This dire prediction was fulfilled when Solomon removed Abiathar from the High Priesthood (2 Kings 11:1-12 ), a circumstance that did not escape the notice of the author of Kings. Similarly the Hebrew holy places of human construction, such as the wilderness tabernacle, were the types and shadows of that true abode of spirituality into which Christ, our High Priest, entered with his own blood (Hebrews 8:5-6 ; 9:11-12 )
King, Christ as - When Jesus was on trial, the High Priest questioned him, asking, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?" Jesus responded prophetically, "I am
Antichrist - The two witnesses (Revelation 11) are variously explained as Moses and Elijah; Joshua the High Priest and Zerubbabel the civil prince; the Word and the faithful church, to be slain or suppressed, perhaps about the same time that the harlot too is judged by the beast or Antichrist (Revelation 17; 18; 19
Mary - Hence the Scripture saith, that "in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people
Lucianus, a Famous Satirist - He explained and interpreted several of their books, and wrote some himself, insomuch that they looked upon him as their legislator and High Priest, nay, almost worshipped him as a god
John the Apostle - John's acquaintance with the High Priest (John 18:15) had been in early life, for it is not likely it would commence after he had become disciple of the despised Galilean. The name, meaning "the favor of God", had become a favorite one in the age where there was a general expectation of Messiah, and members of the High Priestly families bore it (Acts 4:6)
Temple - Not merely (Haggai 2:3) was this temple inferior to Solomon's in splendour and costly metals, but especially it lacked five glories of the former temple:...
(1) the ark, for which a stone served to receive the sprinkling of blood by the High Priest, on the day of atonement;...
(2) the sacred fire;...
(3) the Shekinab;...
(4) the spirit of prophecy;...
(5) the Urim and Thummim. As the sacrificial serrate at the tabernacle at Gibeon and the ark service of sacred song for the 30 years of David's reign, before separate (2 Samuel 6:17; 2 Chronicles 1:3-4; called "the tabernacle of David" Amos 9:11-12; Acts 15:16; 1 Chronicles 13:3; 1 Chronicles 16:37; 1 Chronicles 16:39), were combined in Solomon's temple, so the priestly intercessory functions of our High Priest in heaven and our service of prayer and praise carried on separately on earth, during our Judaeo universal dispensation, shall in the millennial temple at Jerusalem be combined in perfection, namely, Christ's priesthood manifested among men and our service of outward and inward liturgy
Sacrifice - ’ The Son whose humanity is perfect, the Mediator of the new and better covenant, is the true High Priest (see article Priest) (cf. Christ offers Himself; the nature and effect of this perfect sacrifice are contrasted with the sacrifices of the Law (Hebrews 8:1 to Hebrews 10:18); the contrast culminates in the parallel between the action of the High Priest in the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement (Exodus 24:4-8) and Christ entering the heavenly places ‘through his own blood’ (Hebrews 9:11 ff
Offerings And Sacrifices - " When God became present with us by means of the incarnation of Jesus Christ the Old Testament offerings and sacrifices continued to yield much in terms of Jesus as our sacrifice, Jesus as our High Priest, and our Christian commitment and ministry as a sacrifice to God of ourselves and our kingdom labors. In the scapegoat ritual the High Priest was to lay both hands on the animal and confess the sins of the whole congregation in order to expressly transfer the sins to the goat
Sirach - The author in the Greek translation calls himself in the colophon (Sirach 50:27) ‘of Jerusalem,’ according to some Manuscripts ‘a priest of Jerusalem’; and the list of eminent Israelites with which the book closes ends with an encomium on the High Priest Simon son of Onias (‘Nathania’ of the Syriac is a corruption to be explained from the Syriac script). Various ways have been devised of reconciling the dates of the original and the translation, which according to this would be separated by about 150 years, though the translator was the grandson of the author; probably the solution is to be found in the great uncertainty which attaches to the list of the High Priests, as may be seen from the works of those who have endeavoured to restore it (e. The last portion is clearly marked off from the rest and occupies the final chapters 44-50, being a record of the great men mentioned in the OT, to whom the High Priest Simon is added; it is preceded by a description of the wonders of Nature occupying ch
Zechariah, Book of - 3, Joshua, the High Priest, is seen standing before Jehovah’s angel, clad in filthy garments and accused by the Satan
Nehemiah, Theology of - For sake of accountability the High Priest was to be present when Levites gathered tithes (10:38)
Sacrifice - In particular, it contrasts his sacrificial work with the sacrificial work of the Israelite High Priest on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 23:13; Hebrews 9:11-12; Hebrews 9:25-26; see DAY OF ATONEMENT; PRIEST)
Seven Words, the - The first three words, ‘Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do’ (Luke 23:34), ‘Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise’ (Luke 23:43), and ‘Woman, behold thy son … behold thy mother’ (John 19:26-27), were spoken between the third and the sixth hour, and they reveal to us the great High Priest, in His life of ministry, interceding for the transgressors, proclaiming pardon to the penitent, and blessing His own
King, Kingship - Jesus laid claim to fulfillment of the messianic prophecies of the Old Testament when at his trial before the Sanhedrin he was asked by the High Priest whether he was the Messiah
Martyr - Ananus, the High Priest, in the interval between the death of Festus and the arrival of Albinus, caused him to be stoned
Majesty (2) - The idea is that of His exercise of a supremely exalted office as the Great High Priest who is the Mediator between God and men
Holiness - "For such an High Priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens
Dwelling - It was in a house built after this manner, probably, that our Lord was arraigned before the High Priest at the time when the denial of him by Peter took place
Chronicles, Books of - But most importantly, there the Son of God, our great High Priest, sacrificed Himself on the cross in our stead to bring His people into the glorious presence of God (Hebrews 2:17 ; Hebrews 5:1-10 )
John (the Apostle) - Panic-stricken, he fled with all the other disciples at the time of the arrest (Matthew 26:56), but soon recovered himself, and followed the procession to the palace of the High Priest (John 18:15). Being known to the High Priest, he was admitted to the court of the palace, and secured entrance for Peter (v
Time - In later times the years were reckoned by the names of those who filled the office of High Priest; in Luke 3:1 f
Sacrifice And Offering - Hebrews portrays Christ as the sinless High Priest who offered himself up as a sacrifice for sinners (Leviticus 7:27 )
Wages - The moral nadir of this period occurs when Eli is High Priest and his sons exploit their position to gratify their material and sensual lusts (1 Samuel 1-2 )
Session - became by a popular resolution hereditary High Priest and prince of the people
Numbers, Book of - ...
Then after the death of Aaron the High Priest, which is the proper end of responsibility and its testing, we have a second part of the book, in which are seen the means by which the elect of God are brought to light, namely, the brazen serpent, and the springing well — the acceptance of the cross, and the power of the Spirit
Apocrypha - Less attention is given to Simon, although emphasis is placed upon his being acclaimed leader and High Priest forever
Septuagint - For this purpose, it is reported, that he sent Aristeas and Andreas, two distinguished officers of his court, to Jerusalem, on an embassy to Eleazar, then High Priest of the Jews, to request of the latter a copy of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that there might also be sent to him seventy-two persons, six chosen out of each of the twelve tribes, who were equally well skilled in the Hebrew and Greek languages
Nation (2) - He filled the High Priest’s office with his own creatures; and by building theatres and pagan temples showed scant respect for the national ideal. , the High Priest Joazar who checked the threatened revolt in a
Sanctification, Sanctify - Being ‘the captain of salvation’ and ‘high priest’ of mankind, it is the office of Jesus to ‘sanctify’ His brethren, i
Nehemiah - Even Eliashib the half hearted High Priest repaired. In Nehemiah 12 the High Priests are given from the national archives down to Jaddua, and the Levites down to his contemporary Darius the Persian, Codomanus
Mediation Mediator - Then the Aaronic priesthood, and in particular the High Priest, exemplified the mediatorial office
Ezra, the Book of - ) is the time of prince Zerubbabel and the High Priest Joshua aided by Haggai and Zechariah
Paul Apprehended of Christ Jesus - " And thus it was that Saul actually went to the High Priest in Jerusalem, and desired of him letters to Damascus, to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem
Elect, Election - In the religious sphere, the tribe of Levi was chosen as the priests (Deuteronomy 21:5 ; 2 Chronicles 29:5,11 ) and Aaron to be the High Priest (Numbers 17:5,8 ; 1 Samuel 2:27-28 )
James - Josephus makes Ananus, the High Priest after Festus' death, to have brought J
Occupations And Professions in the Bible - See Prophets; Priests ; High Priest ; Levite; Temple
Mark, Theology of - It is also his final word to the High Priest who asks him if he is "the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One" (14:61)
Lazarus - The Sanhedrin met under the presidency of Caiaphas the High Priest, and resolved to put Jesus to death, at the same time publishing an order that, if any knew where He was, they should give information for His arrest. What is the explanation? Enraged by the impression which the miracle made and the support which it brought to Jesus, the High Priests plotted the death of Lazarus (John 12:10-11); and it is probable that, ere the final crisis, he had been compelled to withdraw from the vicinity of Jerusalem
Zechariah, Prophecy of - They are represented in Joshua the High Priest standing before the angel of Jehovah, Satan standing to resist him
Job - Farther: Job acted as High Priest in his family, according to the patriarchal usage, Genesis 8:20 ; for the institution of an established priesthood does not appear to have taken place any where until the time of Abraham
War - We suppose that this way of making war prevailed also under Joshua, the Judges, Saul, David at the beginning of his reign, the kings of Judah and Israel who were successors to Rehoboam and Jeroboam, and under the Maccabees, till the time of Simon Maccabaeus, prince and High Priest of the Jews, who had mercenary troops, that is, soldiers who received pay, 1Ma_14:32
Jeroboam - Borrowing Aaron's words concerning his calf, Jeroboam insinuated that his calf worship was no new religion, but a revival of their fathers' primitive one in the desert, sanctioned by the first High Priest: "Behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of Egypt" (Exodus 32:4; Exodus 32:8)
Oaths - Christ Himself, according to the Gospel in which the present passage occurs, did not refuse to answer when the High Priest adjured Him by the living God (Matthew 26:63)
Judges, the Book of - Eli and Samuel are not included, because Eli was High Priest, and as such was officially judge, not, as the rest, especially called to be judges. ...
Samson was born during Eli's High Priesthood, for before his birth the Philistines ruled Israel (Judges 13:5); "he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines
Joshua - The High Priest who along with Zerub
Humiliation of Christ - They took Jesus, and when they had bound Him with ropes (John 18:12), they led Him by the halter, as if He were a desperado, to the house of the High Priest
Minister, Ministration - λειτουργεῖν and the group of words connected with it are used, as in LXX Septuagint , by the writer of Hebrews of the ministry of the tabernacle (Hebrews 9:21; Hebrews 10:11); metaphorically, of the more excellent ministry of Christ as High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 8:6); they are also applied to the ministry of angels (Hebrews 1:7; Hebrews 1:14)
Gifts - The gifts of the one High Priest, ‘the mediator of a better covenant,’ are inward; the new law is written on the heart, and the covenant is one of forgiveness and grace (Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 8:1 ff
Confession (of Christ) - ...
In the Epistle to the Hebrews Jesus is described as ‘the Apostle and High Priest of our confession’ (Hebrews 3:1), and that confession the author exhorts his readers to hold fast (Hebrews 4:14, Hebrews 10:23)
Miriam - Moses the leader and lawgiver of Israel, and Aaron the High Priest, and Miriam the prophetess, and all Israel looking after them in terror, and the anger of the Lord kindling round about them
Nehemiah - And, to begin with, as was but natural and seemly, Eliashib the High Priest began first to build; and, as was to be expected, he held a special sacrifice and spiritual service both at the beginning and at the end of his portion of the wall
Bride - The Jews did not allow marriageable persons to enter into that honourable state without restriction; the High Priest was forbidden by law to marry a widow; and the priests of every rank, to take a harlot to wife, a profane woman, or one put away from her husband
Dress - The violet ‘robe of the ephod’ prescribed for the High Priest ( Exodus 28:31 ff; Exodus 39:22 ff. By the time of Josephus, the High Priest’s me‘îl had become a sleeveless and seamless upper tunic (Jos. A kindred word is used for the High Priest’s turban, the ‘mitre’ of Exodus 28:4 , etc
Church, the - With regard to the former, the church utilized Old Testament terms like "high priest" (applied to Jesus, Hebrews 4:12-16 ), "priests" (applied to christians, Revelation 21:11 ), "sacrifice" (applied to Christ's death on the cross, Hebrews 9:23-28 ; 10:11 ), and "temple" (applied to the church, 1 Corinthians 3:16 ; 6:19 )
Jerusalem - Luke records many of the activities of that last week: the Last Supper, the arraignment before the High Priest, Peter's denial, the trial before Pilate all took place within Jerusalem
Influence - His continued silence led the High Priest to take the very unusual step of forcing some statement out of Him by solemn adjuration (Matthew 26:63)
Messiah - Haggai 2:22), who was soon destined to subside into the background in the presence of Joshua the High Priest, the natural and legitimate head of the newly constituted Church-nation
Children of God - (β) As High Priest, Jesus secures access to the Father for all who come unto God by Him (Ephesians 2:18, Hebrews 7:24-25)
Christ, Christology - The author of Hebrews sets out to prove the finality of Christ's revelation as Son of God (Hebrews 1:1-4 ) and great “high priest” (Hebrews 5:5 ; Hebrews 7:1-9:28 )
Dead Sea Scrolls - ...
The Blessings (1QSb) is a series of blessings pronounced by the Master over the members of the community, the High Priest, the priests, the Sons of Zadok, and the Prince of the congregation, an eschatological figure who will establish, and rule, God's eternal kingdom
David - David now (1 Chronicles 16 ) carefully set in order all the ritual of divine worship at Jerusalem, along with Abiathar the High Priest
Worship - 18, 6) and Origen dwells on the High Priesthood of Christ (de Oratione, 10), but the Eucharist of pre-Nicene times moved rather in a simpler circle of ideas
Canon of the Old Testament - Even a High Priest in Josiah’s reign had apparently had no occasion to consult the Law-book for a long period
Living (2) - Peter, Matthew 16:16 ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ζῶντος; by the High Priest, Matthew 26:63 ἐξορκίζω σε κατὰ τοῦ θ. The High Priest’s use of the title adds a certain dignity to his adjuration; and Jesus answered on being thus solemnly appealed to
Emperor-Worship - The provinces were united in communes for Caesar-worship, and the president or High Priest of the commune of Asia was termed ‘Asiarch
Offerings, the - In the Epistle to the Hebrews is brought out in detail the contrast between the status of the Jew, for whom all the sacrifices needed to be repeated (the typical system existing on repetition), and that of Christians, who by the one sacrifice of Christ (non-repetition) are perfected for ever, and also have access to the holiest, because the great High Priest has entered in
John the Apostle - John has been also identified with the ‘other disciple’ mentioned in John 18:15-16 as known to the High Priest and having a right of entrance into the court, which was denied to Peter
Doctrines - ’...
In the same general sense the word occurs again in John 18:19, according to which the High Priest examined Jesus concerning His disciples and ‘his doctrine
Eli - Eli was both the chief judge and the High Priest in himself for the whole house of Israel. Both his High Priesthood at the altar, and his chief judgeship at the gate, and his sole fatherhood in his own house; both God's house and his own house, and the whole house of Israel, went to wreck and ruin under overladen Eli
Oath - That the High Priest treated the answer (or perhaps the following prophecy) as a plain self-condemnation proves nothing except that he wished to do so (cf
Prayer (2) - There is also the inner chamber (ταμεῖον, Matthew 6:6), and the guest-chamber (κατάλυμα, Mark 14:14, Luke 9:54-559) or upper room (ἀνάγαιον, Mark 14:15, Luke 22:12), in which the prayer of the great High Priest seems to have been offered (John 17, although some would place the scene of this in the Temple, cf
Temple (2) - —No human foot might enter here, with the one exception of the High Priest, who entered once a year, on the Day of Atonement, for the purpose of presenting sacrifice and incense before God
Marriage - Legislation (see below, § 6) safeguarded the rights of various wives, slave or free; and according to the Rabbinic interpretation of Leviticus 21:13 the High Priest was not allowed to be a bigamist
Holiness Purity - The writer is speaking of Christ’s moral fitness to be our High Priest, and therefore lays stress on the fact that He is ὄσιος, as exhibiting a perfect filial reverence and devotion to His Father’s will
Peter - His words before the High Priest and council (Acts 4:19-20), "whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye, for we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard," and again Acts 5:29, evince him as the rock-man; and after having been beaten in spite of Gamaliel's warning, Peter's rejoicing with the other apostles at being counted worthy to suffer for Christ (Acts 5:41) accords with his precept (1 Peter 4:12-16; compare 1 Peter 2:24 with Acts 5:30 end)
Anger - Paul’s passion against the High Priest (Acts 23:3) as an expression of the Apostle’s principles of non-resistance rather than as an acknowledgment of priestly rights
Propitiation (2) - The emphasis put upon the fitness of Christ’s sharing man’s nature and condition in order to do His work for them as High Priest and sacrifice (ch
Herod - Son of Herod the Great and Mariamne, the High Priest
James And John, the Sons of Zebedee - (known to the High Priest who gained admission for Peter into the αὐλή) and of John 20:3 f
Atonement - The priests alone could enter the sacred enclosure; into the Most Holy Place even the priests were not permitted to enter, but only the High Priest, and he but once a year, and then only with blood of sacrifice, offered first for himself and then for the people; all this signifying that ‘the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest’ (Hebrews 9:7-8 )
Paul - unto strange cities," and "breathing out threatenings and slaughter," he was on his journey to Damascus with authoritative letters from the High Priest empowering him to arrest and bring to Jerusalem all such, trusting doubtless that the pagan governor would not interpose in their behalf
Fire - There is an evident allusion in the phrase, ‘snatching them out of the fire’ (Revised Version ), to Amos 4:11, where persons who had just escaped with their lives from the earthquake, are referred to; and to Zechariah 3:2, where the High Priest Joshua is described as a brand plucked out of the Babylonian captivity
Joshua - Aaron, the High Priest, under a like bereavement, held his peace
Egypt - Judea was, in fact, at this time, a privileged province of Egypt; the Jews being governed by their own High Priest, on paying a tribute to the kings of Egypt
Oracle - " With respect to the origin of oracles, they were probably imitations, first, of the answers given to the holy patriarchs from the divine presence or Shechinah, and secondly, of the responses to the Jewish High Priest from the mercy seat: for all Paganism is a parody of the true religion
Old Testament - It was equally impossible that High Priests subject to the infirmities and mortality of human nature should by their daily and yearly sacrifices, offered continually and without change, ‘make perfect them that draw near’ (Hebrews 7:23 ff. Paul not merely checks his own fiery outburst against the High Priest by calling to mind the injunction not to speak evil of a ruler (Acts 23:5), but cites the Decalogue and other moral precepts of the OT as still binding upon his readers (cf
Fire - There is an evident allusion in the phrase, ‘snatching them out of the fire’ (Revised Version ), to Amos 4:11, where persons who had just escaped with their lives from the earthquake, are referred to; and to Zechariah 3:2, where the High Priest Joshua is described as a brand plucked out of the Babylonian captivity
Money - 135 104), with the legend in minute old Hebrew characters: ‘John, the High Priest, and the commonwealth ( or the executive) of the Jews
Hebrews - To obviate the impression which any reasoning of this sort might make upon the converts to Christianity, the writer of this epistle begins with declaring to the Hebrews, that the same God who had formerly, upon a variety of occasions, spoken to their fathers by means of his prophets, had now sent his only Son for the purpose of revealing his will; he then describes, in most sublime language, the dignity of the person of Christ, Hebrews 1; and thence refers the duty of obeying his commands, the divine authority of which was established by the performance of miracles, and by the gifts of the Holy Ghost; he points out the necessity of Christ's incarnation and passion, Hebrews 2; he shows the superiority of Christ to Moses, and warns the Hebrews against the sin of unbelief, Hebrews 3; he exhorts to steadfastness in the profession of the Gospel, and gives an animated description of Christ as our High Priest, Hebrews 4-7; he shows that the Levitical priesthood and the old covenant were abolished by the priesthood of Christ, and by the new covenant, Hebrews 8; he points out the efficacy of the ceremonies and sacrifices of the law, and the sufficiency of the atonement made by the sacrifice of Christ, Hebrews 9, 10; he fully explains the nature, merit, and effects of faith, Hebrews 11; and in the last two chapters he gives a variety of exhortations and admonitions, all calculated to encourage the Hebrews to bear with patience and constancy any trials to which they might be exposed
David - ) David, whom neither beast nor giant had shaken from his trust in the Lord, now through temporary unbelief told a lie, which involved the unsuspecting High Priest and all his subordinates in one indiscriminate massacre, through Doeg's information to Saul. ) By the lie he gained his immediate object, the 12 shewbread loaves just removed from the table to make place for the new bread on the sabbath, and also Goliath's sword wrapped up in cloth behind the High Priest's own ephod (shoulder dress), so precious a dedicatory offering was it deemed
Biblical Theology - His call to repentance and offer of new life fulfills the prophetic office; his sacrificial death and mediatorial role fulfill the role of an eternal High Priest; the rule he possesses (John 18:37 ) in David's train establishes him as King of kings, the invisible God's incarnate regent over all space, time, and history
Redemption - There we are told that Christ, in contrast with the priests of the old dispensation, ‘a High Priest of the good things to come, … not by means of the blood of goats and calves, but by means of his own blood, entered in once for all into the holy place having obtained eternal ransoming
Religion (2) - ‘Having then a great High Priest, who hath passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession … let us draw near with boldness unto the throne of grace’ (Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 4:16)
Man - to the Hebrews, according to the underlying idea of the High Priest in the OT, Christ rather represents man before God than brings the energies of God into the world
Mediator - Nor can we fail to see the Messianic meaning of His triumphal entry into Jerusalem, His trial and answer to the High Priest (Mark 14:62), and the inscription ‘The King of the Jews’ upon the cross
Son of God - ...
Another passage which is confidently appealed to as demonstrating the identity of meaning between the two terms, is the demand addressed by the High Priest to Jesus, on His trial, to say whether He were ‘the Christ, the Son of God
Greek Versions of ot - 285 247), describes how the king, at the suggestion of his librarian, Demetrius of Phalerum, resolved to obtain a Greek translation of the laws of the Jews for the library of Alexandria; how, at the instigation of Aristeas, he released the Jewish captives in his kingdom, to the number of some 100,000, paying the (absurdly small) sum of 20 drachmas apiece for them to their masters; how he then sent presents to Eleazar, the High Priest at Jerusalem, and begged him to send six elders out of each tribe to translate the Law; how the 72 elders were sent, and magnificently entertained by Ptolemy, and were then set down to their work in the island of Pharos; and how in 72 days they completed the task assigned to them
Jeremiah - Anathoth had been the settlement of Abiathar, the last High Priest of Eli’s house, who was banished thither by Solomon ( 1 Kings 2:26 ); Jeremiah may have been a scion of this deposed line
Faith - ...
It ought to be observed that throughout this Epistle there is also implied a faith in the work of God by Christ, the great High Priest and Mediator of a new covenant
Paul the Apostle - Thereafter he secured authority from the High Priest to go to Damascus in order to arrest all the disciples, and to bring them bound to Jerusalem ( Acts 9:1 f
John, the Gospel by - The High Priest spoke this by inspiration, and the Spirit adds, "and not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad
Faith - ...
It ought to be observed that throughout this Epistle there is also implied a faith in the work of God by Christ, the great High Priest and Mediator of a new covenant
Peter - , 1618089959_34), and his impetuosity is displayed in cutting off the ear of the High Priest’s servant (John 18:10 f. ); he had the position of honour at the Last Supper (John 13:24); he was acquainted with the High Priest, and so procured Peter’s admission to the court (John 18:15); and he seems to have anticipated Peter in believing that Jesus had risen from the dead (John 20:2-8)
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - He enjoins obedience to Levi and Judah; from whom will arise the salvation of God: from the one God will raise a High Priest, from the other a King (vii
Sinlessness - No other NT writer has, however, set down statements on this theme so striking and beautiful as those of the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, who calls Jesus ‘holy, guileless, undefiled, separated from sinners’ (Hebrews 7:26); and, in another passage, declares: ‘We have not an High Priest that cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities, but one that hath been in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin’ (Hebrews 4:15)
Bible - 12: 5: 22) Jaddua as High Priest, and Darius Codomanus as king of Persia, who were at least a hundred years later than Ezra
Trial-at-Law - The High Priest was the virtual king of the new spiritual community, with the lower priests as a council of assessors to confer with him in judgment
Sanctification - He is the great High Priest who alone has passed ‘through the heavens,’ the tractless regions that intervene between man and God
Messiah - So far, however, as it can be recovered from later sources, and particularly from the present High Priest of the Samaritans, it would seem that the expectation did not include the Davidic King of Judaism, but centred rather about the prophecy of Deuteronomy 18:15 of the prophet God was to raise up like unto Moses
Education - However this may be, schools were placed upon a satisfactory and permanent footing by Joshua bên-Gamaliel, who is said to have been High Priest from a
Josephus - ]'>[22], where the judicial murder of James ‘the brother of Jesus who was called Christ’ (Messiah?) and of some others, by Ananus, the High Priest, is referred to as having been disapproved of by the strict observers of the Law (Pharisees?)
Gospels (Apocryphal) - ...
Traces are to be found in the Gospel according to the Hebrews, in which the servant of the High Priest is a witness to the Resurrection
Apocrypha - Compare the words of the High Priest in Matthew 26:63
Trinity - By it the primitive Christians understood the Father's gracious acceptance of the atonement offered by the Messiah; the peculiar protection of the Son, our great High Priest and Intercessor; and the readiness of the Holy Ghost to sanctify, to assist, and to comfort all the obedient followers of Christ, confirmed by the visible gift of tongues, of prophecy, and divers other gifts to the first disciples
Christianity - It represents its Founder as now exercising the office of the High Priest of the human race before God, and as having sat down at his right hand, a mediatorial and reconciling government being committed to him, until he shall come to judge all nations, and distribute the rewards of eternity to his followers, and inflict its never-terminating punishments upon those who reject him
Moses - ...
Josephus, who frequently attempts to embellish the simple narrative of Holy Writ, represents Moses as attended to the top of Pisgah by Joshua, his successor, Eleazar, the High Priest, and the whole senate; and that, after he had dismissed the senate, while he was conversing with Joshua and Eleazar, and embracing them, a cloud suddenly came over and enveloped him; and he vanished from their sight, and he was taken away to a certain valley
Paul - Not contented with displaying his hatred to the Gospel in Judea, he obtained authority from the High Priest to go to Damascus, and to bring back with him bound any Christians whom he might find in that city
New Jerusalem - Similar lists occur in Ezekiel 28:13 of the precious stones with which the king of Tyre was covered, and in Exodus 28:17-20; Exodus 39:10-13 of the gems set in the breastplate of the High Priest; the latter are reproduced in the Apocalypse evidently from memory, as the lists do not completely coincide. What was exclusively for the High Priest’s breastplate is now for the whole city of the New Jerusalem-the foundation stones with the names of the apostles are brilliant with all manner of sparkling gems, and each gate consists of a single monster pearl
Prophet - 3) speaks of Him as ‘the only High Priest of all men, the only King of all creation, and the Father’s only supreme Prophet of prophets’ (see also Ambrose on Ps 118:79, and Cassiodorus on Psalms 132:2)
Incarnation (2) - Son of God: (1) use by demoniacs, (2) use by High Priest, (3) ascription by Peter, (4) our Lord’s use, (5) Divine attestation
Christ in Reformation Theology - The Augsburg Confession says:...
‘The Scripture teacheth not to invoke saints, nor to ask the help of saints, because it propoundeth to us one Christ: the Mediator, Propitiatory, High Priest, and Intercessor
Jerusalem - From this time Jerusalem remained attached to the Persian empire, but under the local jurisdiction of the High Priests, until the subversion of that empire by Alexander, fourteen years after. But in the frequent wars which followed between the kings of Syria and those of Egypt, called by Daniel, the kings of the north and south, it belonged sometimes to one and sometimes to the other,—an unsettled and unhappy state, highly favourable to disorder and corruption,—the High Priesthood was openly sold to the highest bidder; and numbers of the Jews deserted their religion for the idolatries of the Greeks. ...
From this time, during several succeeding Maccabean rulers, who were at once High Priests and sovereigns of the Jews, but without the title of king, Jerusalem was able to preserve itself from Syrian violence. His successor, Judas, made an important change in the Jewish government, by taking the title of king which dignity was enjoyed by his successors forty-seven years, when a dispute having arisen between Hyrcanus II, and his brother Aristobulus, and the latter having overcome the former, and made himself king, was, in his turn, conquered by the Romans under Pompey, by whom the city and temple were taken, Aristobulus made prisoner, and Hyrcanus created High Priest and prince of the Jews, but without the title of king. Julius Caesar, having defeated Pompey, continued Hyrcanus in the High Priesthood, but bestowed the government of Judea upon Antipater, an Idumaean by birth, but a Jewish proselyte, and father of Herod the Great
Confession - In the Jewish ceremony of annual expiation, the High Priest confessed in general his own sins, the sins of other ministers of the temple, and those of all the people
Holy Ghost - This threefold personality seems to have given rise to the standing form of triple benediction used by the Jewish High Priest
Perfection (of Jesus) - At the visit of the Greeks He said that, were He lifted up, He would draw all men to Him (John 12:32); He told the High Priest that He was the Son of God, and that he would see the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of power and coming in the clouds of heaven (Mark 14:62)