What does Greetings mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
ἀσπασμοὺς a salutation 4
χαίρειν to rejoice 3
χαῖρε to rejoice 2
χαίρετε to rejoice 1

Definitions Related to Greetings


   1 a salutation, either oral or written.


   1 to rejoice, be glad.
   2 to rejoice exceedingly.
   3 to be well, thrive.
   4 in salutations, hail!.
   5 at the beginning of letters: to give one greeting, salute.

Frequency of Greetings (original languages)

Frequency of Greetings (English)


Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Greetings
GREETINGS.—‘To greet’ and ‘to salute’ stand in NT for the same Gr. verb, ἀσπάζεσθαι: Authorized Version renders indifferently ‘greet’ and ‘salute’; Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 almost uniformly ‘salute.’ The exceptions are Acts 20:1 Authorized Version ‘embraced,’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘took leave of’; Acts 21:6 Authorized Version ‘took leave of,’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘bade farewell’; Hebrews 11:13 Authorized Version ‘embraced,’ Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 ‘greeted.’ χαίρειν is used for ‘greeting,’ and in imper. in the sense of ‘hail’ or ‘farewell’; i.e. χαίρειν is the greeting, while ἀσπάζεσθαι is general, circumstances determining in each case what the greeting is. Thus in Mark 15:18 ἤρξαντο ἀσπάζεσθαι αὐτὸν Χαῖρε, ‘they began to salute him, Hail.’
The Oriental has always attached great importance to the formal courtesies of life. However easy in demeanour and free in conversation he may be, the laws regulating social customs, sanctioned only by immemorial usage, are punctiliously observed. Any breach of these is regarded as a grave offence. His honour (sharaf), in all matters of ceremony, is very delicate and brittle, but strangely tough in things of greater moment. He will bear lightly an exposure that would cover us with perpetual shame; treat him with less formal respect than he desires, and he will fall into a paroxysm of rage over his ‘broken honour.’
Greetings vary with the rank of parties, from the abject prostration of the subject before his sovereign, to the familiar kiss of friendly equals. One of humbler station salutes in silence, showing respect by bending his hand to the ground, then touching his lips and forehead. He will, at times, kiss the hand of his superior, and raise it to his brow. One interceding for another (Mark 7:25), or begging a favour (Matthew 18:26; Matthew 18:29), will fall down flat; while in token of utter submission one may kiss a benefactor’s feet (Luke 7:38; Luke 7:45). Slaves or servants kiss the sleeve or skirt of their lord’s clothing. To touch (Matthew 9:20) or kiss the hem of the garment indicates great reverence. Dervishes and other ‘holy men’ are thus saluted. In the Greek Church worshippers often kiss the skirt of the priest’s robe. To kiss upon the cheek is a sign of warm affection (Luke 15:20), of the love and esteem of friends. This stains with a darker infamy the treachery of Judas (Matthew 26:49 etc).
Usually the rider salutes the footman, the traveller those whom he passes on the wayside, the smaller party the larger (one speaking for the rest in each case), and the young the aged. In a crowded street it is, of course, impossible to greet everyone. Only venerable sheikhs, or men distinguished by rank, wealth, or sacred learning, are saluted. The Jews freed the Rabbis from all obligation to salute. To be saluted ‘Rabbi’ was a coveted honour (Matthew 23:7, Mark 12:38). They merely acknowledged the salutation and passed on. The Moslem salutes both on entering (Matthew 10:12) and on leaving a house.
To every form of salutation custom prescribes an answer. To use any other is regarded as proof of ignorance or vulgarity. The common salutation is salâm ‘aleik, ‘peace be upon you’ (Luke 24:36), to which the answer is, ‘And upon you be peace.’ It is a Moslem’s duty to give this salutation to another; but it may be omitted without sin. When, however, the salutation is given, the Moslem is bound to return it. The Moslems claim this as ‘the salutation of Islâm, and not for the mouths of the heathen, with whom is no peace nor fellowship, neither in this world nor in the next’ (Doughty, Arabia Deserta, i. 503). Once Mr. Doughty was gravely imperilled because he ‘had greeted with Salaam Aleyk, which they [1] will have to be a salutation of God’s people only—the Moslemîn’ (ib. ii. 369). If a Moslem by mistake give it to a non-Moslem, it should not be returned. On discovery the former may revoke it, as he does should a Moslem fail to return it, saying, ‘Peace be on us and on the righteous worshippers of God’ (Luke 10:6). The insecure life of Hebrew and Arab, ever exposed to alarm of war or robber raid, no doubt gave special meaning to the greeting ‘Peace.’
At meeting of friends, greetings are lengthy and wearisome. Of the Arabs, Doughty observes, ‘The long nomad greetings … are for the most, to say over a dozen times with bashful solemnity the same cheyf ent, cheyf ent, “How dost thou? and how heartily again?” ’ (ib. i. 433). Dr. Mackie gives a good example of the more elaborate trifling of the Syrians (Bible Manners and Customs, p. 150). The phrases are set and conventional, the maximum of words conveying the minimum of meaning.
The Rabbis forbade one mourning for the dead to salute. Interruption of prayer was forbidden, even to salute a king, nay, to uncoil a serpent from the foot. The Rabbis all agreed that, to avoid distraction, no one should be saluted immediately before prayer (Edersheim, Life and Times of Jesus, ii. 137). The nature of the salutations indicated above sufficiently explains these restrictions, and also enables us to understand the prohibition of Jesus, ‘Salute no man by the way’ (Luke 10:4). The urgency of that mission could brook no such delays.
W. Ewing.

Sentence search

Salutation - —See Greetings
Herodion - Whom Paul sends Greetings to, calling him "my kinsman
Claudia - (clayyoo' dih uh) Woman who sent Greetings to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:21 )
Linus - Christian at Rome whose Greetings were sent to Timothy by Paul
Pudens - Bashful, a Christian at Rome, who sent his Greetings to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:21 )
Eubulus - ” Companion of Paul who sent Greetings to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:21 )
Greeting - The command not to stop to exchange Greetings (2 Kings 4:29 ; Luke 10:4 ) underlines the urgency of the commission given. ...
The opening Greetings of ancient letters typically took the form: X (sender) to Y (addressee), greeting (Acts 15:23 ; Acts 23:26 ; James 1:1 ). ...
The Greetings of Hellenistic letters typically contained a prayer for the health of the recipients. ...
Hellenistic letters frequently included closing Greetings. Most often these are “third person” Greetings of the form X sends you Greetings (by me) (1 Corinthians 16:19-20 ; Colossians 4:10-14 ) or send my Greetings to Y (who is not directly addressed; e. Closing Greetings often included a prayer or benediction. Some of the most familiar benedictions used in Christian worship come from such closing Greetings: “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost” (2 Corinthians 13:14 ); “Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep make you perfect in every good work to do his will
Christmas - ) An annual church festival (December 25) and in some States a legal holiday, in memory of the birth of Christ, often celebrated by a particular church service, and also by special gifts, Greetings, and hospitality
Sosipater - ” He is said to be a kinsman (a Jew) of Paul who sent Greetings to Rome (Romans 16:21 )
Hermas - Mercury, a Roman Christian to whom Paul sends Greetings (Romans 16 :: 14 )
Quartus - ” Christian, most likely from Corinth, who sent Greetings to the Roman church through Paul (Romans 16:23 )
Linus - ” Paul's companion who sent Greetings to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:21 )
Pudens - Paul as sending Greetings from Rome to Timothy ( 2 Timothy 4:21 : ‘Pudens and Linus and Claudia’)
Mary - A Christian at Rome to whom Paul sent Greetings: she had bestowed much labour on him and on others
Jason - In Romans 16:21, a person whose Greetings St. Paul sends to his readers with Greetings from Timothy, Lucius, and Sosipater, all of whom he describes as his ‘kinsmen,’ i
Hermas - (huhr' muhss) Christian to whom Paul sent Greetings (Romans 16:14 )
Tertius - His greeting inserted in the middle of Paul's Greetings to the Romans shows that he was well acquainted with the Roman Christians, "I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord"; his name too makes it likely he was a Roman
Amplias - (am' plih uhss) A Christian convert in Rome to whom Paul sent Greetings (Romans 16:8 )
Erastus - An Erastus sends Greetings in Romans 16:23 , and is called ‘the treasurer (AV Eubulus - Paul and Timothy, Eubulus was present with the Apostle in Rome during his last imprisonment, and along with Claudia, Pudens, and Linus sent Greetings to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:21)
Her'Mas - Paul sends Greetings in his Epistle to the Romans
Commend - ) Compliments; Greetings
Caesar's Household - In Philippians 4:22 , Paul the apostle sent Greetings to the Philippian Christians from certain believers who were of Caesar's household
Aristarchus - Paul sent Greetings from Aristarchus, a fellow prisoner and worker, in his letters to the Colossians (Acts 4:10 ) and Philemon (24)
John, Third Epistle of - Demetrius is commended, and Greetings sent to Gaius and to 'the friends
Pudens - (Πούδης)...
Pudens was a Christian of Rome who along with Eubulus, Claudia, and Linus sends Greetings to Timothy (2 Timothy 4:21)
Lucius - A relative of Paul who sent Greetings to the church at Rome (Romans 16:21 )
Mark, John - ...
When Paul wrote Philemon, Mark was one of Paul's fellow workers who sent Greetings (Philippians 1:24 ). ...
Peter referred to Mark as his “son,” and sent Greetings from him near the end of his first letter (1 Peter 5:13 )
Sopater, Sosipater - Paul, who sends Greetings in Romans 16:21
Lucius - Mentioned in Romans 16:21 , as sending Greetings to the brethren at Rome
Linus - Paul sends Greetings at the end of the Second Epistle to Timothy ( 2 Timothy 4:21 )
Caesar's Household - In Philippians 4:22 ‘they that are of Cæsar’s house’ send special Greetings to the Philippians
Salutation - The work on which the disciples were sent forth was one of urgency, which left no time for empty compliments and prolonged Greetings (Luke 10:4 )
Salutation - The brotherly Greetings expressed at the close of nearly all the epistles
Jason - The Jason who sends Greetings from Corinth in Romans 16:21 , a ‘kinsman’ of St
Market, Market-Place - , business dealings such as the hiring of laborers, Matthew 20:3 ; the buying and selling of goods, Mark 7:4 (involving risk of pollution); the games of children, Matthew 11:16 ; Luke 7:32 ; exchange of Greetings, Matthew 23:7 ; Mark 12:38 ; Luke 11:43 ; 20:46 ; the holding of trials, Acts 16:19 ; public discussions, Acts 17:17
Greetings - GREETINGS. ’...
Greetings vary with the rank of parties, from the abject prostration of the subject before his sovereign, to the familiar kiss of friendly equals. ’...
At meeting of friends, Greetings are lengthy and wearisome. Of the Arabs, Doughty observes, ‘The long nomad Greetings … are for the most, to say over a dozen times with bashful solemnity the same cheyf ent, cheyf ent, “How dost thou? and how heartily again?” ’ (ib
Market Place - Amidst the shops, children played (Matthew 11:16 ), day laborers gathered to be hired (Matthew 20:2-3 ), and Pharisees and other leading citizens wandered, exchanging Greetings (Matthew 23:7 ; Luke 11:43 )
Onesiphorus - When in Rome during his second imprisonment the Apostle sends Greetings to the household of Onesiphorus (2 Timothy 4:19); and in 2 Timothy 1:16 he expresses the desire that the Lord may give mercy to the ‘house of Onesiphorus. Paul speak of the household of Onesiphorus? Why does he not send Greetings to Onesiphorus himself, as he does, e
Salutations - Salutations are friendly Greetings, literary and otherwise, which Christianity took over from the social life of antiquity, but filled with a new content of Divine love and made a symbol of a common brotherhood in Christ. Of literary Greetings those in Romans 16:3-15 are the most striking and the most puzzling. The Greetings in Romans 16 may be a historical reminder of this letter. The Greek names in these Greetings-there are also Latin-confirm what we know from other sources, that most of the members in Rome were Greek. Paul is so anxious to bring home to the societies his loving Greetings that he takes the pen from the amanuensis and adds these in his own hand (1 Corinthians 16:21, Colossians 4:16). The democracy of Christianity is seen both in the inscriptions or opening words of the Epistles and in the Greetings at the close, where mention of ministers or officers is generally absent, in a way impossible after a. James, 2 Peter, 1 John, and Jude omit Greetings at the end. ...
Of Greetings in practice, the kiss, well known in Oriental lands, is urged five times, besides being mentioned in Acts 20:37 -‘Salute one another with a holy kiss’ (1 Corinthians 16:20, 2 Corinthians 13:12, Romans 16:16, 1 Thessalonians 5:26 [8], and 1 Peter 5:14 [7])
Corinthians - He directs them as to the best method of Christian beneficence, and closes with friendly Greetings
Philemon - He closes with a few personal notes and Greetings from his friends (21-25)
Philemon - Greetings of Grace and Peace (1-3)...
Timothy - While in Corinth, Paul wrote his Epistles to the Thessalonians, and included Timothy in the Greetings ( 1 Thessalonians 1:1 , 2 Thessalonians 1:1 ). Paul in due course reached Corinth, and Timothy with him, for his name occurs among the Greetings in the Epistle to the Romans which was then written (1 Romans 16:21 ; cf
Colossians, Epistle to the - After friendly Greetings (10-14), he bids them interchange this letter with that he had sent to the neighbouring church of Laodicea
Demas - Paul during his imprisonment in Rome, and sends Greetings to the Colossians (Colossians 4:14) and to Philemon (Philemon 1:24)
Corinthians - He directs them as to the best method of Christian beneficence, and closes with friendly Greetings
Melania the Younger, Daughter of Publicola - ) in 419, Albina, Pinianus, and Melania are joined with Paula in their reverential Greetings
Market, Market-Place - There men met and Greetings were exchanged, a scale of distinction being carefully observed, from the recognition accorded to equals and neighbours up to the salutation offered to those whom it was prudent or becoming to hold in honour on account of seniority, family connexion, worldly prosperity, or religious position (Matthew 23:7, Luke 11:43)
Quartus - It is, however, easier to believe that members of the Church at Corinth had friends in Ephesus, to which city some scholars think that the Greetings were directed
Corinthians, First Epistle to the - ...
The concluding part (15; 16) contains an elaborate defense of the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead, which had been called in question by some among them, followed by some general instructions, intimations, and Greetings
Timothy - ...
His name accompanies Paul's in the heading of 2 Corinthians 1:1, showing that he was with the apostle when he wrote it from Macedonia (compare 1 Corinthians 16:11); he was also with Paul the following winter at Corinth, when Paul wrote from thence his epistle to the Romans, and sends Greetings with the apostle's to them (1 Corinthians 16:21). " Among his friends who send Greetings to him were the Roman noble, Pudens, the British princess Claudia, and the bishop of Rome, Linus
Philippians - The letter closes in typical Pauline fashion, with an exchange of Greetings and a prayer for grace. The apostle's final Greetings and benediction (Philippians 4:21-23 )...
Michael Martin...
Letter Form And Function - These parties are usually identified with the salutation formula “X to Y: Greetings” (Acts 15:23 ; Acts 23:26 ; James 1:1 )
Colossians - ...
A final group of exhortations (Colossians 4:2-6 ) and an exchange of Greetings (Colossians 4:7-17 ) bring the letter to a close. Closing Greetings and blessings for those in Christ (Colossians 4:2-18 )...
Michael Martin...
Mercy, Merciful - This is why mercy is often an element in New Testament Greetings and benedictions (1 Timothy 1:2 ; 2 Timothy 1:2 ; Galatians 6:16 ; 2 John 1:3 ; Jude 1:2 ). See Greetings; Benedictions
Peace - Salom [2] was used in both Greetings and farewells
Mercy - It is this kind of imprint on the heart that made mercy a common wish and blessing of one believer to another (2 Timothy 1:16,18 ), and in some cases the opening Greetings of letters included the wish for mercy (1 Timothy 1:2 ; 2 Timothy 1:2 ; 2 John 3 ; Jude 2 ; cf. In view of these examples, it is not exaggerating to say that life in Christ gives birth in believers' hearts to a consciousness not only of being recipients of God's mercy in one gift of salvation, but also of being daily recipients of fresh "mercies" of God, emblems of his ownership of us and care for us (Romans 12:1 ; 2 Corinthians 1:3 ; all of the Greetings cf
Hebrews, Letter to the - They may have lived in Italy (perhaps Rome), for a group of Italians who were away from home at the time join the writer in sending Greetings to them (Hebrews 13:24)
Romans, Letter to the - He concludes his letter by sending Greetings to many Christians whom he has met in other places over the years and who now live in Rome (16:1-27)
Silas or Silyanus - In both Epistles to the Thessalonians, probably written at Corinth, he appears as joint-author with Paul and Timothy, and unites in their friendly Greetings (1 Thessalonians 1:1, 2 Thessalonians 1:1)
Linus (1) - Paul sent Greetings to Timothy (2Ti_4:21)
Timothy - But he rejoined him shortly after he reached Rome, and in the Greetings of the Epistles to the Colossians and Philippians his name is associated with the Apostle’s (Philippians 1:1, Colossians 1:1)
Saint - In the NT ‘church’ and ‘saints’ are used interchangeably in the Greetings of letters: the former in Thessalonians, Corinthians, Galatians, Philemon; the latter in Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians
Peter, First, Theology of - Acts 15:22,27 , 32 ), with Greetings from his "son, " Mark (Acts 12:12 ; 15:37 ; Colossians 4:10 ) as well as from the elect church in "Babylon"—a symbolic name for Rome (5:13; cf
Caesar, Caesar's Household - 60 or 61, sends Greetings from all the Christians in Rome, but ‘especially’ from ‘them that are of Caesar’s household’ (Philippians 4:22)
Holiness, Holy, Holily - plural), see SANCTUARY; of the city of Jerusalem, Revelation 11:2 ; its temple, Acts 6:13 ; of the faith, Jude 1:20 ; of the Greetings of saints, 1 Corinthians 16:20 ; of angels, e
Colossians, Epistle to the - Then follow a warm commendation of Tychicus, Greetings from Luke and Demas, instructions for exchanging letters with the neighbouring Church of Laodicea, and a final message for Archippus, who had apparently succeeded, in Epaphras’ absence, to the supervision of the Colossian Church
Ephesians, Epistle to - Paul’s long stay at Ephesus, Greetings to friends, etc
Church Government - On the other hand, Timothy seems excluded by the Greetings of several Epistles ( e
Thessalonians, Epistles to the - Exhortations follow and Greetings close the epistle
John, the Letters of - The letter closes with Greetings from fellow Christians, who are called “the friends” (3 John 1:14 ; see John 3:29 ; John 11:11 ; John 15:13-15 )
Galatians, Letter to the - In Galatians 1:1-5 Paul gave Greetings to the churches, but he omitted the statement of praise or thanksgiving which normally followed
Benediction - But the intercessory benedictions recorded in the Gospels are chiefly of the nature of Greetings or salutations (Luke 1:28 f
Benediction - But the intercessory benedictions recorded in the Gospels are chiefly of the nature of Greetings or salutations (Luke 1:28 f
Hebrews, Epistle to - It would be natural to mention some at least of their names in sending Greetings from them to their brethren, with whom they must have been on terms of the most intimate fellowship (cf
Romans, Book of - ...
In the conclusion to the letter (Romans 15:14-16:27 ), Paul summarized his ministry and his plans for the future, requesting their prayers (Romans 15:14-33 ); then he commended Phoebe (Romans 8:9 ), sent Greetings to individual Christians (Romans 16:3-24 ), and ended his letter with praise for God—“to the only wise God through Jesus Christ be glory for endless ages! Amen” (Romans
Philippians, Epistle to - ) Doxology and final Greetings ( Philippians 4:20-23 )
Blessing (2) - 4) cites " translation="">Ruth 2:4 as proving that ‘the name’ was used in ordinary Greetings; cf
Ephesians Epistle to the - conveys no personal Greetings
Timothy And Titus Epistles to - Greetings to and from other friends
Thessalonians Epistles to the - -After the opening salutation (1 Thessalonians 1:1), which represents a combination of the conventional Greek and Hebrew Greetings of the period (χάρις καὶ εἰρήνη), the Epistle falls into two sections
Peter, First Epistle of - ...
( c ) Personal Greetings, 1 Peter 5:12-14
Philippians Epistle to the - ...
Here then is a letter purporting to be from one with such a history who specially associates Timothy with himself, who sends Greetings from brethren, especially those of Caesar’s household with whom was Epaphroditus, to a Christian community in Philippi
Romans Epistle to the - Paul sends a greeting from them and from the church in their house; similarly in 2 Timothy 4:19 he sends Greetings to them, again at Ephesus
Grace - ...
The fact that he sometimes uses grace in his benedictions as well, which clearly are intentional, indicates that his Greetings are to be taken with some seriousness
Peter Epistles of - -The readers are informed of Silvanus’ connexion with the letter, they are exhorted to remain steadfast, Greetings are conveyed to them, and they receive the apostolic benediction
Romans, Epistle to the - A brief warning against teachers who cause division, Greetings from St, Paul’s companions, and an elaborate doxology bring the letter to a close (ch
Paul - The Greetings at the close form a striking feature of the Apostle’s epistolary style, betraying as they do the width of his sympathies and the warmth of his heart