What does Gomer mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
גֹּ֣מֶר the eldest son of Japheth and grandson of Noah; the progenitor of the early Cimmerians and other branches of the Celtic family. 2
גֹּ֑מֶר the eldest son of Japheth and grandson of Noah; the progenitor of the early Cimmerians and other branches of the Celtic family. 1
גֹּ֚מֶר the eldest son of Japheth and grandson of Noah; the progenitor of the early Cimmerians and other branches of the Celtic family. 1
: גֹּ֑מֶר the eldest son of Japheth and grandson of Noah; the progenitor of the early Cimmerians and other branches of the Celtic family. 1
גֹּ֖מֶר the eldest son of Japheth and grandson of Noah; the progenitor of the early Cimmerians and other branches of the Celtic family. 1

Definitions Related to Gomer

H1586


   1 the eldest son of Japheth and grandson of Noah; the progenitor of the early Cimmerians and other branches of the Celtic family.
   2 the unfaithful wife of the prophet Hosea; Hosea’s relationship with her was symbolic of God’s relationship with wayward Israel.
   Additional Information: Gomer = “complete”.
   

Frequency of Gomer (original languages)

Frequency of Gomer (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gomer
Complete; vanishing.
The daughter of Diblaim, who (probably in vision only) became the wife of (Hosea 1:3 ).
The eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Genesis 10:2,3 ), whose descendants formed the principal branch of the population of South-eastern Europe. He is generally regarded as the ancestor of the Celtae and the Cimmerii, who in early times settled to the north of the Black Sea, and gave their name to the Crimea, the ancient Chersonesus Taurica. Traces of their presence are found in the names Cimmerian Bosphorus, Cimmerian Isthmus, etc. In the seventh century B.C. they were driven out of their original seat by the Scythians, and overran western Asia Minor, whence they were afterwards expelled. They subsequently reappear in the times of the Romans as the Cimbri of the north and west of Europe, whence they crossed to the British Isles, where their descendants are still found in the Gaels and Cymry. Thus the whole Celtic race may be regarded as descended from Gomer.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Gomer
(goh' muhr) Personal name meaning, “complete, enough,” or “burning coal.” 1. Daughter of Diblaim and wife of Hosea the prophet (Hosea 1:3 ). She is described in Hosea 1:2 as “a wife of whoredoms.” Various explanations have been offered for that designation. Some have maintained that she was a common prostitute. Others have maintained that she was a cultic prostitute in the service of Baal. Some have suggested she symbolized Israel's worship of many gods. Still others have believed she was an ordinary woman who became unfaithful after her marriage to Hosea.fjcr pbHer unfaithfulness to her husband became a sort of living parable of Israel's unfaithfulness to Yahweh. See Genesis 10:2 ). He is apparently seen as representing the Cimmerians, an Indo-European people from southern Russia who settled in Cappadocia in Asia Minor. Assyrian sources show they threatened Assyria after 700 B.C. He was the father of Ashkenaz or the Scythians of Jeremiah 51:27 who displaced the Cimmerians from their home in Russia. Gomer was also the father of Riphath (or Diphath in 1 Chronicles 1:6 ) and of Togarmah. Riphath is unknown except for Josephus' identification of them with the Paphlagonians who lived between the Black Sea and Bithynia. Togarmah was a city-state north of Carchemish near modern Gurun. The nation Gomer made Ezekiel's list of condemned peoples in the days of Gog of Magog (Ezekiel 38:6 )
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gomer
GOMER. 1. One of the sons of Japheth and the father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah ( Genesis 10:2 f., 1 Chronicles 1:5 f.), who along with Togarmah is included by Ezekiel in the army of Gog ( Ezekiel 38:6 ). Gomer represents the people termed Gimirrâ by the Assyrians, and Cimmerians by the Greeks. Their original home appears to have been north of the Euxine, but by the 7th cent. b.c. they had completely conquered Cappadocia and settled there.
2. Daughter of Diblaim, wife of the prophet Hosea (wh. see).
L. W. King.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Gomer
To finish; complete
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Gomer
1. Japhet's oldest; son; father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Genesis 10:2-3). A warlike ally of Magog (Scythia) Gog (Ezekiel 38:6), coming from the N. The Cimmerians warred in northwestern Asia from 670 to 570 B.C. Originally dwelling in what is now southern Russia, the Ukraine (the Crimea betrays their name, the Cimmerian Bosphorus); then being dispossessed by the Scythians, they fled across the Caucasus into Armenia and Asia Minor; they warred with Lydia, and burnt the temple of Diana of Ephesus
They are the stock of the Cymry (as the Welsh call themselves; the English gave them the name "Welsh," i.e. foreigners, though originally they occupied the whole of the British isles but were driven back by succeeding invaders to the northwestern extremities, which their two divisions, the Gael of Ireland and Scotland and the Cymry of Wales, occupy), and gave their name to Cumber-land. They once occupied the Cimbrie Chersonese (Denmark). The Galatians were Celts, and so sprung from Gomer.
2. Daughter of Diblaim. Gomer ("completion or ripeness"), namely, of consummate wickedness; daughter of doubled layers of grape-cake (Hosea 1:3). One completely given up to sensuality. Hosea in vision (not in external act, which would be revolting to purity)takes by God's command Gomer to wife, though a woman "of whoredoms"; symbolically teaching that out of this world, which whorishly has departed from the Lord, God takes a church to be sanctified by communion with Himself in Christ, as Gomer was sanctified by communion with the prophet, (1 Corinthians 7:14). The Savior unites to Himself the unholy, to make it holy. But (See HOSEA.)
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Gomer
Eldest son of Japheth (Genesis 10). His tribe, the Cimmerians, an Aryan people who inhabited the Crimea and the adjoining districts of southern Russia, came into western Asia through the Caucasus in the 7th century B.C. They attacked the northern frontier of the Assyrian empire, besieged Sardis, invaded Lydia and Phrygia, and conquered Cappadocia. They were finally crushed by Ardys (655-625) and the Assyrians in Cilicia.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Gomer (2)
The wife of the prophet Osee (Osee 1).
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gomer
1. Eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. Gomer is supposed to be the progenitor of the early Cimmerians who occupied the Tauric Chersonese, of which the name of the Crimea is a relic. In the 7th century they devastated the western part of Asia Minor. Genesis 10:2,3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5,6 ; Ezekiel 38:6 .
2. Daughter of Diblaim, and 'wife' of Hosea. Hosea 1:3 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gomer
Gomer (go'mer), perfect. 1. The eldest son of Japheth, Genesis 10:2-3, the father of the early Cimmerians, of the later Cimbri and the other branches of the Celtic family. 2. The wife of Hosea. Hosea 1:3.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Gomer
The purchased wife of the prophet Hosea. She is said to have been the daughter of Diblaim—whether Father or mother—for it might the either. Her name signifies to finish or complete. (See Hosea 1:2-3 and Hosea 3:1-3) The history as it is given to us in the Bible, both of the prophet and this adulteress, appears very singular and surprising. But some light is thrown upon it from the account given us by writers concerning the customs of the east. Contracts for marriages, it is said, were never formed without giving with the woman a certain measure of corn, as well as money, for a marriage portion. The corn intimated the hope of fruitfulness in children. But it should seem in the case of Hosea, that the portion here was not given by the parents, but by the prophet; and that this was of the Lord. The Lord said unto Hosea, "Go take unto thee a wife of whoredoms." And hence the prophet saith, "So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley." (Hosea 3:2)
The spiritual sense of it is more plain than the literal. For the marrying an adulteress, and by the Lord's command, and the union of a prophet of the Lord with such a character, seems a measure not easily explained. But as typical of the Lord's being married to his adulteress Israel, the subject is not only clear, but highly instructive. We see in it God's grace amidst all our undeservings; and that "where sin hath abounded grace doth much more abound." To what a degree of spiritual adultery and fornication was our nature gone, when Christ betrothed that nature to himself! Here surely the prophet typified Christ, when he said, "Go yet, love a woman (beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress) according to the love of the Lord toward the children of, Israel." (Hosea 3:1)
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Gomer
the eldest son of Japheth, by whom a great part of Asia Minor was first peopled, and particularly that extensive tract which was called Phrygia, including the subdivisions of Mysia, Galatia, Bithynia, Lycaonia, &c. The colonies of Gomer extended into Germany, Gaul, (in both of which traces of the name are preserved,) and Britain, which was undoubtedly peopled from Gaul. Among the descendants of the ancient inhabitants of this island, namely, the Welsh, the words Kumero and Kumeraeg, the names of the people and the language, sufficiently point out their origin. In fact, under the names of Cimmerii, Cimbri, Cymrig, Cumbri, Umbri, and Cambri, the tribes of Gomerians extended themselves from the Euxine to the Atlantic, and from Italy to the Baltic; having added to their original names those of Celts, Gauls, Galatae, and Gaels, superadded.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gomer
1. Genesis 10:2,3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ; Ezekiel 38:6 , a son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. He is believed to have settled the northern shores of the Black Sea, and given name to the ancient Cimmerians and to the Crimea. About 700 B. C. a part of his posterity diffused themselves in Asia Minor. Traces of his name and parentage are also found in the Cymbri, Umbri, and Cambri of historians, in Kumero and Kumeraeg, the names of the Welsh people and language, and among various nations of Europe.
2. A harlot whom the prophet Hosea appears to have married in prophetic vision, as directed by God, that the Jews might be led to reflect on the guilt of their spiritual uncleanness or idolatry, Hosea 1:1-11 .

Sentence search

Diblaim - Father of Gomer, Hosea's 'wife
Diblaim - The father of Gomer, Hosea’s wife ( Hosea 1:3 )
Diblaim - Doubled cakes, the mother of Gomer, who was Hosea's wife (Hosea 1:3 )
Riphath - Son of Gomer, Genesis 10:3
Dibla'im - (double cake ), mother of Hosea's wife Gomer
Riphath - Son of Gomer, a son of Japheth
Diblaim - Gomer, Hosea's (Hosea 1:3) wife, was "daughter of Diblaim" i
Riphath - One of the sons of Gomer ( Genesis 10:3 )
Togarmah - Son of Gomer, a son of Japheth, whose descendants probably settled in Armenia
Gomer - Gomer. Gomer represents the people termed Gimirrâ by the Assyrians, and Cimmerians by the Greeks
Ashkenaz, Ashchenaz - Son of Gomer, the son of Japheth, and his descendants, who settled in the vicinity of Armenia
ri'Phath - (spoken ), the second son of Gomer
Cimmerians - The name, which has come to us through the Greek, of the people known as Gomer (wh
Riphath - Son of Gomer, likely the ancestor of an Anatolian tribe (Genesis 10:3 )
Togarmah -
A son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth (Genesis 10:3 )
Gomer - Gomer (go'mer), perfect
Gomer - The Galatians were Celts, and so sprung from Gomer. Gomer ("completion or ripeness"), namely, of consummate wickedness; daughter of doubled layers of grape-cake (Hosea 1:3). Hosea in vision (not in external act, which would be revolting to purity)takes by God's command Gomer to wife, though a woman "of whoredoms"; symbolically teaching that out of this world, which whorishly has departed from the Lord, God takes a church to be sanctified by communion with Himself in Christ, as Gomer was sanctified by communion with the prophet, (1 Corinthians 7:14)
lo-am'mi - (not my people ), the figurative name given by the prophet Hosea to his second son by Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, ( Hosea 1:9 ) to denote the rejection of the kingdom of Israel by Jehovah
Ashchenaz - A son of Gomer (Genesis 10:3 ) and original ancestor of people called kingdom of Ashkenaz (Jeremiah 51:27 )
Togarmah - Son of Gomer and name of a region of Asia Minor (Genesis 10:3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:6 ; compare Beth-togarmah, Ezekiel 38:6 ) inhabited by his descendants
Togar'Mah, - a son of Gomer, of the family of Japheth, and brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath
Ash'Kenaz - (spreading fire ), one of the three sons of Gomer, son of Japhet
Ashkenaz - One of the three sons of Gomer (Genesis 10:3 ), and founder of one of the tribes of the Japhetic race
Gomer - Gomer is supposed to be the progenitor of the early Cimmerians who occupied the Tauric Chersonese, of which the name of the Crimea is a relic
Ammi - ” The name Lo-ammi was given to the third child of Gomer, the wife of Hosea the prophet, to pronounce God's rejection of Israel
Ashkenaz - Son of Gomer, Genesis 10:3, of the family of Japhet, and the probable ancestor of those who inhabited the country of the same name, Jeremiah 51:27, lying along the eastern and southeastern shore of the Black Sea
Beth-Togarmah - ” Listed in table of nations (Genesis 10:3 ) as son of Gomer and great grandson of Noah, Togarmah is a city mentioned in Assyrian and Hittite texts
Diblaim - ” Hosea 1:3 lists Diblaim as a parent of Gomer, Hosea's harlot wife. The most direct explanation seems to be that Diblaim is Gomer's father, of whom nothing more is known
Gomer - Gomer was also the father of Riphath (or Diphath in 1 Chronicles 1:6 ) and of Togarmah. The nation Gomer made Ezekiel's list of condemned peoples in the days of Gog of Magog (Ezekiel 38:6 ) ...
...
Ruhamah - The second child (a daughter) of Gomer, Hosea’s wife, was called Lo-ruhamah , ‘unpitied’ ( Hosea 1:6 ; Hosea 1:8 )
Hosea - Hosea saw a fitting illustration of this when his own wife Gomer left him for other lovers. ...
Gomer’s pleasures did not last and she was sold as a slave. Hosea, who still loved his erring wife, had remained faithful to his marriage covenant, and when he found Gomer a slave, he bought her back (Hosea 3:1-3). Hosea’s covenant love for Gomer pictured Yahweh’s covenant love for his people. Like Gomer, Israel has been unfaithful to her husband God (Yahweh) (2:2-23), but as Hosea redeemed Gomer from slavery, so God will redeem Israel from the coming captivity (3:1-5)
Togarmah - The third son of Gomer, his brothers being Ashkenaz and Riphath ( Genesis 10:3 )
Ashkenaz - One of the three sons of Gomer, Japhet's son, i. of the Gomerian branch of the Japhetic division of the human race
Magog - The name of a people, enumerated in Genesis 10:2 among the ‘sons’ of Japheth, between Gomer (the Cimmerians) and Madai (the Medes), and mentioned in Ezekiel 38:2 (cf. Ezekiel 39:6 ) as under the rule of Gog , prince of ‘Rosh, Meshech , and Tubal ,’ who is to lead in the future a great expedition against the restored Israel, from ‘the uttermost parts of the north,’ and who has among his allies Gomer and Togarmah , the nations whose names are italicized being also mentioned in Genesis 10:2-3 as closely connected with ‘Magog
Ashkenaz - ASHKENAZ in Genesis 10:3 ( 1 Chronicles 1:6 ) appears as a son of Gomer (wh
Japheth - Genesis 10:2 identifies Japheth's sons as Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras
Gomer - The colonies of Gomer extended into Germany, Gaul, (in both of which traces of the name are preserved,) and Britain, which was undoubtedly peopled from Gaul. In fact, under the names of Cimmerii, Cimbri, Cymrig, Cumbri, Umbri, and Cambri, the tribes of Gomerians extended themselves from the Euxine to the Atlantic, and from Italy to the Baltic; having added to their original names those of Celts, Gauls, Galatae, and Gaels, superadded
Togarmah - the third son of Gomer, Genesis 10:4
Gomer - Thus the whole Celtic race may be regarded as descended from Gomer
Ashkenaz - one of the sons of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth, who gave his name to the country first peopled by him in the north and north- western part of Asia Minor, answering to Bithynia; where were traces long after of his name, particularly in that of Ascanius, applied to a bay and city, as well as to some islands lying along the coast
Races - Cimmerians (Gomer, Gimirrai of Assyr Togarmah - Son of Gomer, brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath (Genesis 10:8). the Cimbri, Cimmerians, Crimea, Cymry), implied in Togarmah being Gomer's son, is not unlikely
Hosea - On the subject of his marriage with Gomer,...
(See Gomer)...
some have thought, that this was a parable, and only intended by the Lord in a figurative way, to shew the Lord's grace to his adulterous Israel and Judah
Magog - A race, like Gomer (the Cimmerians), dwelling in the N
lo-Ammi - ) Jezreel, Lo-ruhamah ("not loved"), and Lo-ammi are the three children of the prophet Hosea's wife, Gomer, taken by God's command
Gog - That Gomer (= the Cimmerian), who was really his foe, appears in Ezk
Hosea - The names of Hosea’s wife, Gomer, and her father, Diblaim are not symbolical. Driven by true love in which, probably enough, Hosea at the time felt the approval, not to say the direct impulse of Jahweh, Hosea married Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim. She was not at the time of marriage an actual harlot, but, had Hosea only fully understood, he would have known when he married her, as these years afterwards he has come to know, that when Jahweh said, ‘Go, marry Gomer,’ He was really saying ‘Go, marry a woman who will bestow her love on others. 3 does not refer to Gomer, (2) that, unlike ch
Japheth - ...
The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. It is supposed that Gomer peopled Galatia, and that from him the Cimmerians, or Cimbrians, and also the Phrygians, derived their origin; that Magog was the father of the Scythians, and Tartars, or Tatars; that Madai was the progenitor of the Medes, though some make him the founder of a people in Macedonia, called Macdi; that from Javan sprung the Ionians and Greeks; that Tubal was the father of the Iberians, and that at least a part of Spain was peopled by him and his descendants; that Meshech was the founder of the Cappadocians, from whom proceeded the Muscovites, or Russians; and that from Tiras the Thracians derived their origin
Hosea - On his marriage to Gomer, Henderson thinks that there is no hint of its being in vision, and that she fell into lewdness after her union with Hosea, thus fitly symbolizing Israel who lapsed into spiritual whoredom after the marriage contract with God on Sinai. (See Gomer. Gomer, daughter of Diblaim, was probably one associated with the lascivious rites of the prevalent idolatries
Japheth - "Setting aside the cases where the ethnic names employed are of doubtful application, it cannot reasonably be questioned that the author [1] has in his account of the sons of Japheth classed together the Cymry or Celts (Gomer), the Medes (Madai), and the Ionians or Greeks (Javan), thereby anticipating what has become known in modern times as the 'Indo-European Theory,' or the essential unity of the Aryan (Asiatic) race with the principal races of Europe, indicated by the Celts and the Ionians
Generation - Genesis, in accordance with modern ethnology, classifies together the Cymry or Celts (Gomer), the Medes (Madai), and the Ionians or Greeks (Javan); thus anticipating the Indo-European theory, which makes the European races (represented by the Celts and the Ionians) akin to the Aryans (represented by the Asiatic Madai or Medes)
Japheth - It states from James came:...
(1) Gomer, i
Gog - Magog was second son of Japhet, connected with Gomer (the Cimmerians) and Madai (Medes)
Fornication - This concept is central for Hosea's preaching based on his experience with his unfaithful wife Gomer
Hosea - He took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, who bore him a son, who, by the Lord's direction, was called Jezreel. Again Gomer bare a son, and called his name Lo-ammi, 'not my people:' God would not acknowledge them as His
Dispersion - The following table shows how the different families were dispersed: ...
| - Japheth | - Gomer | Cimmerians, Armenians | - Magog | Caucasians, Scythians | - Madal | Medes and Persian tribes | - Javan | - Elishah | Greeks | - Tarshish | Etruscans, Romans | - Chittim | Cyprians, Macedonians | - Dodanim | Rhodians | - Tubal | Tibareni, Tartars | - Mechech | Moschi, Muscovites | - Tiras | Thracians | | - Shem | - Elam | Persian tribes | - Asshur | Assyrian | - Arphaxad | - Abraham | - Isaac | - Jacob | Hebrews | - Esau | Edomites | - Ishmael | Mingled with Arab tribes | - Lud | Lydians | - Aram | Syrians | | - Ham | - Cush | Ethiopans | - Mizrain | Egyptians | - Phut | Lybians, Mauritanians | - Canaan | Canaanites, Phoenicians ...
Whoring, To Go; Harlot, To Be - ...
The Book of Hosea, in which Hosea’s wife Gomer became unfaithful and most likely was involved in such cult prostitution, again illustrates not only Hosea’s heartbreak but also God’s own heartbreak because of the unfaithfulness of his wife, Israel
Hosea, Theology of - Foundational to Hosea's message and teaching about God are his marriage to Gomer and her departure after the birth of three children. It moves from the heights of an intimate knowledge, symbolized by marriage and paternal love, to the depths of anguish and despair over Israel's apostasy and idolatry as pictured by the adultery of Gomer. In the end, however, God's love would triumph by bringing back Israel to himself as Hosea did Gomer, by paying a price. Gomer's adulterous affairs provided penetrating images of Israel's apostasy and revealed the hurt and disaster associated with idolatryhurt suffered by God and disaster suffered by the people since the eventual outcome led to exile and destruction
Gomorrah - Jerusalem when corrupted (for "the corruption of the best is the worst of all corruptions") is termed Sodom and her people Gomer (Isaiah 1:9-10); as the church apostate corrupted is termed "Babylon" (Revelation 17)
Jezreel (1) - ) Hosea's oldest son by Gomer was named Jezreel (Hosea 1:4), to imply that as Ahab's family miserably perished there, so would their destroyer Jehu's family perish, because the latter had retained the sin which he had been elevated in order to root out
Prostitution - God told him to marry Gomer (Hosea 1:2-3 )
God And Magog - In the ethnological table in Genesis 10 Magog is represented as the son of Japheth and brother of Gomer
Golden Rule - His compassion for people is seen in his love for the aliens among Israel, pagan nations such as Nineveh, and sinful persons such as Gomer in Hosea
Division of the Earth - ) Gomer, his eldest son, was the father of the Gomerians. See the numerous authorities adduced in support of the identity of the Gomerians and Celts, by that learned and ingenious antiquary, Faber, in his "Origin of Pagan Idolatry. " Of Gomer's sons, Ashkenaz appears to have settled on the coasts of the Euxine Sea, which from him seems to have received its primary denomination of Αξενος , Axenus, nearly resembling Ashkenaz; but forgetting its etymology in process of time, the Greeks considered it as a compound term in their own language, Α - ξενος , signifying inhospitable; and thence metamorphosed it into Ευ - ξενος , Eu-xenus, "very hospitable. Riphat, the second son of Gomer, seems to have given name to the Riphean mountains of the north of Asia; and Togarmah, the third son, may be traced in the Trocmi of Strabo, the Trogmi of Cicero, and Trogmades of the council of Chalcedon, inhabiting the confines of Pontus and Cappadocia
Israel, History of - On the analogy of his relationship with his wife Gomer ( Hosea 1-3 ), he exhorted Israel to be faithful to Yahweh
Weights And Measures - Epiphanius says the lethek is a large ‘ômer ( Gomer ) of 15 modii
Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy - Just as resolute as God was in his call of Hosea, so too was Hosea in his resolve to love his wife Gomer even after she had forsaken him for other lovers