What does Goliath mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
גָּלְיָ֣ת the Philistine giant of Gath slain by David’s sling. 2
גָּלְיָ֥ת the Philistine giant of Gath slain by David’s sling. 2
גָּלְיָת֩ the Philistine giant of Gath slain by David’s sling. 1
גָּלְיָ֨ת the Philistine giant of Gath slain by David’s sling. 1

Definitions Related to Goliath


   1 the Philistine giant of Gath slain by David’s sling.
   Additional Information: Goliath = “splendour”.

Frequency of Goliath (original languages)

Frequency of Goliath (English)


Chabad Knowledge Base - Goliath
(9th century BCE) A Philistine warrior "six cubits and a span" tall, he would taunt the Israelite army, challenging them to fight him. Young David accepted the challenge and killed Goliath with his slingshot, leading to the Philistines’ defeat.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Goliath
A famous giant of Gath, who for forty days openly defied the armies of Israel, but was at length slain by David with a stone from a sling (1 Samuel 17:4 ). He was probably descended from the Rephaim who found refuge among the Philistines after they were dispersed by the Ammonites (Deuteronomy 2:20,21 ). His height was "six cubits and a span," which, taking the cubit at 21 inches, is equal to 10 1/2 feet. David cut off his head (1 Samuel 17:51 ) and brought it to Jerusalem, while he hung the armour which he took from him in his tent. His sword was preserved at Nob as a religious trophy (21:9). David's victory over Goliath was the turning point in his life. He came into public notice now as the deliverer of Israel and the chief among Saul's men of war (18:5), and the devoted friend of Jonathan.
In 2 Samuel 21:19 there is another giant of the same name mentioned as slain by Elhanan. The staff of his apear "was like a weaver's beam." The Authorized Version interpolates the words "the brother of" from 1 Chronicles 20:5 , where this giant is called Lahmi.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Goliath
(guh li' uhth) In 1 Samuel 17:4 , the huge Philistine champion who baited the Israelite army under Saul in the valley of Elah for forty days. He was slain by the youthful David. See Elhanan.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Goliath
GOLIATH . A giant, said to have been a descendant of the early race of Anakim. He was slain, in single combat, by David (or, according to another tradition, by Elhanan) at Ephes-dammim, before an impending battle between the Philistines and the Israelites. That this ‘duel’ was of a religious character comes out clearly in 1 Samuel 17:43 ; 1 Samuel 17:45 , where we are told that the Philistine cursed David by his gods , while David replies: ‘ And I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts .’ The fact that David brings the giant’s sword as an offering into the sanctuary at Nob points in the same direction. Goliath is described as being ‘six cubits and a span’ in height, i.e. over nine feet, at the likeliest reckoning; his armour and weapons were proportionate to his great height. Human skeletons have been found of equal height, so that there is nothing improbable in the Biblical account of his stature. The flight of the Philistines on the death of their champion could be accounted for by their belief that the Israelite God had shown Himself superior to their god (but see 2Sa 23:9-12 , 1 Chronicles 11:12 ff.); see, further, David, Elhanan.
W. O. E. Oesterley.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Goliath
Passage; revolution; heap
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Goliath
Perhaps a descendant of the old Rephaim, a remnant of whom, when dispersed by Ammon, took refuge with the Philistines (Deuteronomy 2:20-21; 2 Samuel 21:22). Hebrew golleh means "an exile". Simonis derives it from an Arabic root, "stout." Gath is incidentally mentioned in Samuel as Goliath's city. Now Moses records the spies' report (Numbers 13:32-33) of Canaan, "there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which came of the giants; and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers." Again in Joshua 11:21-22 it is written, "Joshua cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, ... there was none of the Anakims left in the land of Israel, only in Gath and in Ashdod there remained."
Thus three independent witnesses, Moses, Joshua, and Samuel, in the most undesigned way confirm the fact that Goliath was a giant of Gath. His height, six cubits and a span, would make 9 ft. 2 in. Parisian measure, a height not unparalleled. But Septuagint and Josephus read four cubits and a span. His coat of mail, covering chest, back, and lower parts of the body, was "scale armor," qasqeseth (compare Leviticus 11:9-10). Keil and Delitzsch for "target of brass" translated (kidown ) "a brazen lance." Goliath needed no target to cover his back, as this was protected by the coat of mail. On the scene of battle (See ELAH; on the battle, etc., (See DAVID and (See ELHANAN.)
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Goliath
Name of a famous giant of Geth, against whom David fought, and whom he killed. Goliath is described as being "six cubits and a span" (1 Kings 17) in height, i.e.,over 9 feet at the likeliest reckoning; his armor and weapons were in proportion. In the time of Saul, the Philistines, having attacked the Israelites, encamped in a valley between Socho and Azeca. Each day, for 40 days, this giant came forth from the camp of the Philistines, and by words of contempt, provoked the Israelites to a single combat. David alone dared to accept the challenge; advancing with only staff, sling, and stones, towards Goliath, he struck the giant in the forehead wlth a stone, with such force that the latter fell to the earth. David rushed up, drew the sword of Goliath, and cut off his head. The Philistines fled in rout, and David returned in triumph to Jerusalem. Convinced that the honor of victory belonged to God alone, David saw that the sword of Goliath was placed in sanctuary at Nob, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod of the high priest (1 Kings 21).
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Goliath
The giant of Gath, who for forty days defied the armies of Israel. He was slain by David with a sling and a stone in the name of Jehovah. David cut off his head and carried it to Jerusalem. Goliath's sword was preserved and eventually restored to David. His height was six cubits and a span, about 8ft. 4in. by the shortest cubit. He was a type of Satan, too strong for any to conquer except the one in the power of Jehovah, David being a type of the Lord Jesus. 1 Samuel 17:4-23 ; 1 Samuel 21:9 . Goliath's brother , named Lahmi, also a giant, is evidently the one spoken of in 2 Samuel 21:19 , compare 1 Chronicles 20:5 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Goliath
Goliath (go-lî'ath), splendor. A giant of Gath, who for forty days defied the armies of Israel. 1 Samuel 17:1-58. His height was "six cubits and a span," which, taking- the cubit at 18 inches, would make him 9½ feet high. In 2 Samuel 21:19 we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by Elhanan, also a Bethlehemite.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Goliath
The gaint of Gall, one of the sons of Amak. His name signifies an heap, from Galah. The size of this man was enormous. "Six cubits and a span." So that supposing what is the common allowed measure of the cubit to have been, "one and twenty inches," and that a span was half a cubit, this man was eleven feet and four inches high. The armour he wore bore a correspondence to the greatness of his stature. His coat is said to have weighed five thousand shekels. A shekel was half an ounce. And if all the other parts of his armour carried a proportion to this, in his "helmet of brass, and the greaves of brass, and the target, and his spear's head, six hundered skels of iron," what an astonishing man must he have been in such an astonishing ponderous armour, in carrying that for exercise and slaughter which few strong men could lift from the ground! (See 1 Samuel 17:1-58 throughout.) But how soon David the stripling conquered him, when armed and lead on to victory by the Lord. But in reading the history of this battle we stop short of the chief glory of it, if we do not eye the Lord Jesus Christ, the almighty David of his Israel, conquering hell, death, and the grave, in all his Goliahs which come forth to defy the army of the living God. Oh! how blessed it is in all to behold Christ going forth "for the salvation of his people!"
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Goliath
a famous giant of the city of Gath, who was slain by David, 1 Samuel 17:4-5 , &c. See GIANTS .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Goliath
A celebrated giant of Gath, who challenged the armies of Israel, and was encountered and slain by David. The history is contained in 1 Samuel 17:1-58 . His height was nine feet and a half; or, if we reckon the cubit at twenty-one inches, over eleven feet. See GIANTS .

Sentence search

Jaare-Oregim - Father of Elhanan, a Bethlehemite, who slew Goliath (KJV "the brother of Goliath," to accord with 1 Chronicles 20:5 and not to contradict 1 Samuel 17 where David kills Goliath). But the true reading is 1 Chronicles 20:5; "Elhanan, the son of Jair, slew Lahmi (eth Lahmi being altered into Βethlehemi ), the brother of Goliath (eth Goliath being substituted for ahiy Goliath ). The change was the more readily made as Lahmi's spear is described exactly as Goliath's (1 Samuel 17:7)
el-Hanan - ” The Bethlehemite who slew the brother of Goliath (2 Samuel 21:19 ). ” It states that El-hanan killed Goliath. 1 Chronicles 20:5 does indicate that El-hanan killed Lahmi, the brother of Goliath. The proper reconciliation of these two passages, along with their relationship to 1 Samuel 17:1 (according to which Goliath was slain by David), constitutes one of the Old Testament's more baffling puzzles
Lahmi - Brother of the giant Goliath. The parallel passage (2 Samuel 21:19 ) says Elhanan the Bethlehemite killed Goliath. See Elhanan; Goliath
Lahmi - Brother of Goliath, killed by Elhanan
Goliath - Goliath (go-lî'ath), splendor. In 2 Samuel 21:19 we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by Elhanan, also a Bethlehemite
Elhanan - In the Authorized Version (2 Samuel 21:19 ) it is recorded that "Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath. " They were introduced in the Authorized Version to bring this passage into agreement with 1 Chronicles 20:5 , where it is said that he "slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath. " Goliath the Gittite was killed by David (1 Samuel 17 )
Goliath - Goliath is described as being "six cubits and a span" (1 Kings 17) in height, i. David alone dared to accept the challenge; advancing with only staff, sling, and stones, towards Goliath, he struck the giant in the forehead wlth a stone, with such force that the latter fell to the earth. David rushed up, drew the sword of Goliath, and cut off his head. Convinced that the honor of victory belonged to God alone, David saw that the sword of Goliath was placed in sanctuary at Nob, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod of the high priest (1 Kings 21)
Lah'mi - (warrior ), the brother of Goliath the Gittite, slain by Elhanan the son of Zair or Zaor
Lahmi - The brother of Goliath the Gittite, slain by Elhanan the son of Jair ( 1 Chronicles 20:5 ). see]'>[1] the Bethlehemite slew Goliath the Gittite
Gittite - Goliath was a Gittite
Jaare-Oregim - Forests of the weavers, a Bethlehemite (2 Samuel 21:19 ), and the father of Elhanan, who slew Goliath
Ephesdammim - Place in Judah, the scene of the death of Goliath in the valley of Elah
Elah, Valley of - Where David slew Goliath in the presence of the two armies
Ephes-Dammim - The place in Judah where the Philistines were encamped at the time when David slew Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:1 )
e'Lah, the Valley of - (valley of the terebinth ), the valley in which David killed Goliath
Giant - The king of Basban, Deuteronomy 3:11, and Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:4, were warlike and dreaded giants
ja'Are-or'Egim - (forests of the weavers ), ( 2 Samuel 21:19 ) a Bethlehemite, and the father of Elhanan who slew Goliath
Goliath - Young David accepted the challenge and killed Goliath with his slingshot, leading to the Philistines’ defeat
Ahuzzath - " The ending -ath appears in other Philistine names, Gath, Goliath, Timnath
Elhanan - The son of Jair according to 1 Chronicles 20:5 , of Jaare-oregim according to 2 Samuel 21:19 ; in the former text he is represented as slaying Lahmi the brother of Goliath, in the latter as slaying Goliath himself. The original text, of which each of these two verses is a corruption, probably ran: ‘And Elhanan the son of Jair, the Bethlehemite, slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam. ’ But if this is so, how are we to reconcile it with what we read of David’s killing Goliath? Judging from what we know of the natural tendency there is to ascribe heroic deeds to great national warriors, realizing the very corrupt state of the Hebrew text of the Books of Samuel, and remembering the conflicting accounts given of David’s first introduction to public life (see David, § 1 ), the probability is that Elhanan slew Goliath, and that this heroic deed was in later times ascribed to David
Adriel - He married Merab, the eldest daughter of Saul, who should have been given to David as the slayer of Goliath ( 1 Samuel 18:19 , 2 Samuel 21:8 [1])
Elhanan - Son of Jair, or Jaare-oregim: he slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite
e'Phes-Dam'Mim - (cessation of blood-shed ), a place between Socoh and Arekah, at which the Philistines were encamped before the affray in which Goliath was killed
Ephes-Dammin - ” Town between Shocoh and Azekah where Philistines gathered to fight Saul (1 Samuel 17:1 ) preceding David's killing of Goliath
Champion - The Hebrew phrase in 1Samuel 17:4,1 Samuel 17:23 is literally “the man of the space between”—that is the man (like Goliath) who fights a single opponent in the space between two armies
Champion - (1 Samuel 17:4,23 ), properly "the man between the two," denoting the position of Goliath between the two camps
Michal - (David's wife): (a) (9th century BCE) Daughter of King Saul, her hand in marriage was given to David after he killed Goliath
Ephesdammim - Between Shochoh and Azekah, in Judah, the Philistine encampment when David slew Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1). The site of Saul's battle with the Philistines and Goliath was at the bend of the valley, where the Jerusalem road down which probably Saul came crosses the valley, at Ephesdammim, between Socoh (Shuweikeh) and Azekah (El-Azek). The steep banks are studded with smooth white pebbles, such as David slung at Goliath
Ahim'Elech - He gave David the shew bread to eat, and the sword of Goliath; and for so doing was put to death, with his whole house, by Saul's order
Ephes-Dammim - Boundary of blood, a place in the tribe of Judah where the Philistines encamped when David fought with Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1 )
do'eg - ) He was at Nob when Ahimelech gave David the sword of Goliath, and not only gave information to Saul, but when others declined the office, himself executed the king's order to destroy the priests of Nob, with their families, to the number of 85 persons, together with all their property
Merab - The elder daughter of Saul, promised to the slayer of Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:25 ), and then to David personally as a reward for prowess against the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 18:17 ), but given as wife to Adriel the Meholathite
Gittites - Goliath also was a Gittite
Elah - A valley in which David slew Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:2,3,19
Merab - The eldest daughter of king Saul, was promised to David in marriage, in reward for his victory over Goliath; but was given to Adriel, son of Barzillai the Meholathite, 1 Samuel 14:49 18:17,19
Elah, Valley of - " in which Israel encamped when David killed Goliath (1 Samuel 17:2; 1 Samuel 17:19; compare 1 Samuel 21:9). slopes of "the valley of acacias": wady es Sumt, which joining two other wadies below Suweikeh forms an open plain a mile wide, with a torrent bed full of round pebbles, such as David slew Goliath with
Elhanan - ) Slew Lahmi, brother of Goliath the Gittite (2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 20:5)
Merab - ” Eldest daughter of King Saul (1 Samuel 14:49 ), who was twice promised to David in exchange for killing Goliath (1 Samuel 17:25 ) and for fighting the Lord's battles against the Philistines (1 Samuel 18:17-19 )
Shaaraim - Shaaraim is perhaps mentioned again in the pursuit of the Philistines after the death of Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:52 , RVm Goliath - Goliath . Goliath is described as being ‘six cubits and a span’ in height, i
Jaare-Oregim - ” Father of Elhanan from Bethlehem, who killed Goliath
Eliab - It was he who spoke contemptuously to David when he proposed to fight Goliath (1 Samuel 17:28 )
Ahimelech - He received David when fleeing from Saul, gave him the showbread and the sword of Goliath
Elah (1) - A valley in the Shephçlah, the scene of the battle between David and Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:21 :9)
Giants - Of this race were Goliath and his kindred, 1 Samuel 17:4 1 Chronicles 20:4-8 . See ANAKIM, Goliath , and REPHAIM
Socho - In this campaign Goliath was slain, and the Philistines were completely routed
Defy - To dare to provoke to combat or strife, by appealing to the courage of another to invite one to contest to challenge as, Goliath defied the armies of Israel
Nob - The priest also gave him the sword of Goliath
Goliath - " Gath is incidentally mentioned in Samuel as Goliath's city. "...
Thus three independent witnesses, Moses, Joshua, and Samuel, in the most undesigned way confirm the fact that Goliath was a giant of Gath. " Goliath needed no target to cover his back, as this was protected by the coat of mail
King david - A shepherd boy, he rose to fame after slaying the Philistine hero Goliath
David, king - A shepherd boy, he rose to fame after slaying the Philistine hero Goliath
Jezreel, Fountain of - , the "spring of Goliath
Elah - Where David slew Goliath
Elah - There David defeated Goliath (1 Samuel 21:9 )
Socho - Between Socho and Azekah the Philistines were posted for the battle wherein Goliath fell (1 Samuel 17:1)
Goli'Ath - In (2 Samuel 21:19 ) we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by Elhanan, also a Bethlehemite
Merab - According to promise to the conqueror of Goliath, Saul betrothed Merab to David (1 Samuel 17:25; 1 Samuel 18:17), but with the secret design of inciting him thereby to expose himself to be slain by the Philistines
Jair - Father of Elhanan who slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath
Sling - It was used by shepherds to keep off such animals as wolves; David had one with which he smote Goliath
Abinadab - He was with Saul in the campaign against the Philistines in which Goliath was slain (1Samuel 17:13)
Gath - One of the five cities of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 5:8; 1 Samuel 6:17; Amos 6:2; Micah 1:10; a stronghold of the Anakim, Joshua 11:22; home of Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:4; place whither the ark was carried, 1 Samuel 5:8; where David sought refuge, 1 Samuel 21:10-15; was strengthened by Rehoboam, 2 Chronicles 11:8; taken by Hazael of Syria, 2 Kings 12:17; probably recovered by Jehoash, 2 Kings 13:25; broken down by Uzziah, 2 Chronicles 26:6; was probably destroyed before the time of the later prophecies, as it is omitted from the list of royal cities
Gath - One of the ‘five cities of the Philistines’, Gath was famous as the home of a number of giants, the most famous of whom was Goliath (Joshua 13:3; 1 Samuel 6:17-18; 1 Samuel 17:4; 2 Samuel 21:18-22; see also ANAK)
Gath - It was famous also as being the birthplace or residence of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4 )
Jair - ...
The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chronicles 20:5 )
Giant - Again, Goliath was a man of fabulous height. In the latter country especially, that most recently occupied before the Israelitish settlement, we seem to find traces of them in the encounter with Goliath and his kind. ‘Sippai’), Goliath the Gittite (Chron. ‘Lahmi, the brother of Goliath,’ etc. ’ As, however, the four are said in 2 Samuel 21:22 to have fallen by the hand of David and his servants, and not one of them is described as slain by David, the passage is evidently incomplete, and the original probably contained the story of some encounter by David, with which the story of Goliath came to be confused. Though Goliath in the well-known story is not called a giant, he was certainly the typical giant of the OT
Shobach - 1) makes him a giant of the Ammonites equal to Goliath, while the Samaritan Chronicle, sometimes called ‘the book of Joshua
Eliab - He fought in Saul's army (1 Samuel 17:13 ) and became angry at David's interest in fighting Goliath (1 Samuel 17:28 )
Jair - " This Jair was the father of Elhanan, who killed Lachmi, the brother of Goliath
Gath - It was the home of Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:4
Verb - ...
When the agent and object change places, and the agent is considered as the instrument by which the object is affected, the verb is called passive as, Goliath was slain by David
Gath - One of the five royal cities of the Philistines, and to which Goliath belonged
Adullam - ), which was the scene of David's memorable victory over Goliath (1 Samuel 17:2 ), and not far from Gath
Nob - After being supplied with the sacred loaves of showbread, and girding on the sword of Goliath, which was brought forth from behind the ephod, David fled from Nob and sought refuge at the court of Achish, the king of Gath, where he was cast into prison
Goliath - David's victory over Goliath was the turning point in his life
Rephaim - The giant Goliath and others were the remains of the Rephaim, or of the kindred family of Anakim
Gath - (a wine press ), one of the five royal cities of the Philistines; ( Joshua 13:3 ; 1 Samuel 6:17 ) and the native place of the giant Goliath
Elah -
Valley of, where the Israelites were encamped when David killed Goliath (1 Samuel 17:2,19 )
Eliab - He is mentioned as being a warrior in the Israelite camp on the occasion of Goliath’s challenge to and defiance of the armies of Israel; he rebukes his younger brother David for his presumption in mixing himself up with the affairs of the army; his attitude towards David, after the victory of the latter over Goliath, is not mentioned
Ekron - Ekron was the border town of a territory that passed in the days of Samuel from the Philistines to Israel ( 1 Samuel 7:14 ), and it was the limit of the pursuit of the Philistines after the slaying of Goliath by David ( 1 Samuel 17:52 )
Giants - The well-known Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1 ) was a Philistine champion
Ahimelech - He therefore went to Nob, to the high priest Ahimelech, who gave him the shew bread, and the sword of Goliath
Fog: a Figure of Our Partial Knowledge - A puny foe is swollen into a Goliath, and the river of death widens into a shoreless sea
Armor - It was the weapon of Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:7; 1 Samuel 17:45; 2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 20:5, and also of other giants, 2 Samuel 23:21; 1 Chronicles 11:23, and mighty warriors, 2 Samuel 2:23; 2 Samuel 23:18; 1 Chronicles 11:11; 1 Chronicles 11:20. The breastplate noticed in the arms of Goliath, a "coat of mail," literally a "breastplate of scales
Arms - It was the weapon of Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:7; 1 Samuel 17:45; 2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 20:5, and also of other giants, 2 Samuel 23:21; 1 Chronicles 11:23, and mighty warriors, 2 Samuel 2:23; 2 Samuel 23:18; 1 Chronicles 11:11; 1 Chronicles 11:20. The breastplate noticed in the arms of Goliath, a "coat of mail," literally a "breastplate of scales
Arms, Armor - It was the weapon of Goliath, ( 1 Samuel 17:7,45 ; 2 Samuel 21:19 ; 1 Chronicles 20:5 ) and also of other giants, (2 Samuel 23:21 ; 1 Chronicles 11:23 ) and mighty warriors. -- ...
The BREASTPLATE , enumerated in the description of the arms of Goliath, a "coat of mail," literally a "breastplate of scales
Azekah - Near it, the Philistines lined up their forces for battle against Saul (1 Samuel 17:1 ), resulting in the David and Goliath confrontation
Jezreel - A spring near is now called ʾAin-Jalûd, or the "Spring of Goliath," and is the "fountain" or "spring" in "Jezreel
David, King - During the Philistine war, David, relying on God, slew the giant Goliath and won the friendship of Jonathan, son of Saul
Ekron - It was also the place to which the Philistines retreated after David slew Goliath (1 Samuel 17:52 )
Abner - He first introduced David to the court of Saul after the victory over Goliath (1Samuel 17:57)
Arms And Armor - ...
One might be most familiar with the slingshot through reading about David's encounter with Goliath (1 Samuel 17:40-50 ), without realizing that it was a conventional artillery weapon for deadly long-range use by armies throughout the Middle East. David faced the javelin while successfully challenging Goliath (1 Samuel 17:6 ) and while peacefully attempting to soothe Saul's spirit. They sometimes aided the soldier as well by positioning their shields for them, as in the case of Goliath, and at times killing those enemy soldiers who were left helplessly wounded by preceding combatants. Both Goliath and one of these assistants faced David (1 Samuel 17:41 ). Saul and Goliath wore helmets (1Samuel 17:5,1 Samuel 17:38 ), as did the entire army of Judah, at least in the time of Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:14 ). ...
Leg armor, like the bronze leglets of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:6 ), was not regularly used in the Old Testament times
Coat - ...
Goliath was armed with a coat of mail
Gath - It was the home of Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:4 , 2 Samuel 21:19 ), and after the rout of the Philistines at Ephes-dammim it was the limit of their pursuit ( 1 Samuel 17:52 Dance - Similar were the dances that celebrated David's victory over Goliath, 1 Samuel 18:6; see also Psalms 68:25; the "timbrels" being musical instruments invariably accompanied with dancing
Army - Goliath learned that to defy God's people was to defy the “armies of the living God” (1Samuel 17:26,1 Samuel 17:36 ), for God was the “God of the armies of Israel” (1 Samuel 17:45 )
Copper - Also before the days of iron, bronze was the best metal for weapons and armor, as shown in the equipment of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:5-6 )
Arms - It was by meansof this that David smote Goliath
Abner - He was Saul's 'captain of the host' when David slew Goliath, and he presented David to Saul
Bag - Saul's bag was empty of bread when he went to meet Samuel (1 Samuel 9:7 ), and David collected stones in his shepherd's bag when confronting Goliath (1Samuel 17:40,1 Samuel 17:49 )
Naming - Geographical identities are attested as well (Goliath of Gath and Jesus of Nazareth
Saul - After the Goliath episode, Saul became jealous and fearful of David (1Samuel 18:7,1 Samuel 18:12 ), eventually making several spontaneous and indirect attempts on David's life (1Samuel 18:10-11,1 Samuel 18:25 ; 1Samuel 19:1,1 Samuel 19:9-11 )
Between - ...
In the dual form, bêyn represents “the space between two armies”: “And there went out a champion [9] out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath …” ( Jonathan - ...
On David's slaying Goliath, Jonathan made a covenant with him because he 'loved him as his own soul,' and gave to David his robe and his weapons
da'Vid - (1 Samuel 17:34,35 ) It was some years after this that David suddenly appears before his brothers in the camp of the army, and hears the defiant challenge of the Philistine giant Goliath. The victory over Goliath had been a turning point of his career. Discovered possibly by "the sword of Goliath," his presence revived the national enmity of the Philistines against their former conqueror, and he only escaped by feigning madness
David - His father is in the habit of sending him to the Israelite camp with provisions for his three eldest brothers, who are among the warriors of the Israelite army; on one such occasion he finds the camp in consternation on account of the defiance of a Philistine hero, the giant Goliath. ...
David’s victory over Goliath had a twofold result; firstly, the heroic deed called forth the admiration, which soon became love, of the king’s son Jonathan; a covenant of friendship was made between the two, in token of which, and in ratification of which, Jonathan took off his apparel and armour and presented David with them. In fulfilment of his promise to the slayer of Goliath, he expresses his intention of giving his daughter Michal to David for his wife; but as David brings no dowry, according to Hebrew custom, Saul lays upon him conditions of a scandalous character ( 1 Samuel 18:25-26 ), hoping that, in attempting to fulfil them, David may lose his life. Taking the sword of his late antagonist, Goliath, which was wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod, he makes for Gath , hoping to find refuge on foreign soil; but he is recognized by the Philistines, and fearing that they would take vengeance on him for killing their hero Goliath, he simulates madness (cf
Gath - Gath was one of the locations to which the Philistines took the ark (1 Samuel 5:8-9 ) and was the hometown of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4 ) and Obed-edom (1 Chronicles 13:13 )
Together - Goliath challenged the Israelites, saying: “I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together” ( David - ...
At a later date the Philistines with the giant Goliath threatened Israel (1 Samuel 17:1 ). Saul tried to persuade David, the youth, from challenging Goliath; but David insisted God would bring victory, which He did
Saul, King of Israel - After David’s victory over Goliath, Saul, unaware of God’s purposes for David, made him his armour-bearer and full-time court musician (1 Samuel 16:21-23; 1 Samuel 18:2)
Lord of Hosts - In the same way, David, as he taunts Goliath, says to him, ‘I come in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel’ ( 1 Samuel 17:45 )
Giants - The success of David and his heroes against Goliath and the giants of Philistia (a remnant of the old giant races) illustrates the divine principle that physical might and size are nothing worth, nay are but beaststrength, when severed from God and arrayed against the people of God
Abiathar - ) The only son of Ahimelech, the high priest, who escaped the slaughter committed by Saul at Nob, on Doeg's information that Ahimelech had inquired of the Lord for David, and given him the shewbread and the sword of Goliath (1 Samuel 22)
Armour, Arms - Goliath’s coat of mail was composed of scales of bronze, and probably resembled the Egyptian style of cuirass described and illustrated by Wilkinson ( Anc. ...
( d ) Greaves of hronze to protect the legs are mentioned only in connexion with Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:6 ). ...
The armourbearer is met with as early as the time of Abimelech ( Judges 9:54 ), and later in connexion with Jonathan, Saul, and Goliath, and with Joab, who had several ( 2 Samuel 18:15 )
Go Out, Go Forth - Thus, Goliath the champion of the Philistines “went forward” from the camp to challenge the Israelites to a duel ( Arms - Goliath, and the soldiers of Antiochus, 1 Samuel 17:5 ; 1Ma_6:35 , were accoutred with this defence; which, in our authorized translation, is variously rendered habergeon, coat of mail, and brigandine, 1 Samuel 17:38 ; 2 Chronicles 26:14 ; Isaiah 59:17 ; Jeremiah 46:4 . Goliath's coat of mail, 1 Samuel 17:5 , was literally a corslet of scales, that is, composed of numerous laminae of brass, crossing each other. The military boot or shoe was therefore necessary to guard the legs and feet from the iron stakes placed in the way to gall and wound them; and thus we are enabled to account for Goliath's greaves of brass which were upon his legs. In the use of the sling David eminently excelled, and he slew Goliath with a stone from one
David - These encounters nerved him for his first great victory, the turning point of his life, the slaying of Goliath of Gath (1 Samuel 17:35). But 1 Samuel 17:12; 1 Samuel 17:15 show that Saul already had David in attendance upon him, for Jesse his father is called "that Ephrathite" (namely, that one spoken of above), and it is said before David's going forth to meet Goliath that "David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. David merely attended Saul for a time, and returned to tend his father's sheep, where he was when the war broke out in which Goliath was the Philistine champion. Goliath's complete armor contrasted with the ill-armed state of Israel, whose king alone was well armed (1 Samuel 17:38). Leaving his Carriage (the vessels of supplies which he carried) in the hand of the baggage-master, he ran to greet his brethren in the midst of the lines, and there heard Goliath's challenge repeated on the 40th day for the 40th time. )...
The meekness with which David conquered his own spirit, when Eliab charged him with pride, the very sin which prompted Eliab's own angry and uncharitable imputation, was a fit prelude to his conquest of Goliath; self must be overcome before we can overcome others (Proverbs 16:32; Proverbs 13:10). ) By the lie he gained his immediate object, the 12 shewbread loaves just removed from the table to make place for the new bread on the sabbath, and also Goliath's sword wrapped up in cloth behind the high priest's own ephod (shoulder dress), so precious a dedicatory offering was it deemed
David - David's spirit was stirred within him when he heard the boasting of Goliath against the God of Israel, and he then told how in secret he had protected the sheep and had slain the lion and the bear: in the name of God the giant would also be overcome. He received the sword of Goliath, and fled to the Philistines
Saul - The Philistines again assemble, this time at Socoh; Goliath issues his challenge, but no one responds
Victory - David's defeat of Goliath was in fact the Lord's victory wrought for all Israel (1 Samuel 19:5 )
Philistines, the - The story of Goliath indicates that at times the Philistines used individual combat (1 Samuel 17:1 )
Call - ” Goliath “shouted” toward the ranks of Israel ( David - Providence soon led him to visit the camp, and gave to his noble valor and faith the victory over the giant champion Goliath
Arms - His weapon in slaying Goliath; hence gracefully alluded to by Abigail in her prayer for him (1 Samuel 25:29): "the souls of thine enemies
Numbers as Symbols - Goliath challenged Israel forty days
Triumphs - But the song which the women of Israel chanted when they went out to meet Saul and his victorious army, after the death of Goliath, and the discomfiture of the Philistines, possesses somewhat of a different character, turning chiefly on the valorous exploits of Saul and the youthful champion of Israel: "And it came to pass, as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of music: and the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands," 1 Samuel 18:6-7
Samuel, Books of - with 13 14; and ( j ) the story that Goliath was slain by David in 1 Samuel 17:1-58 , but by Elhanan in 2 Samuel 21:19
Jerusalem - The city is not again mentioned till we are told that David brought the head of Goliath thither (1 Samuel 17:54 )
King - It is not quite certain whether anything of the nature of a land tax or property tax existed, though something of this kind may be referred to in the reward promised by Saul to the slayer of Goliath ( 1 Samuel 17:25 ); and it may have been the tenth mentioned in 1 Samuel 8:15 ; 1 Samuel 8:17
Saul - It was here that David slew Goliath of Gath, the champion of the Philistines (17:4-54), an exploit which led to the flight and utter defeat of the Philistine army
David - For it then would have been strange if neither Saul nor any one about his person had recognized David when he came, as we find in the next chapter, to accept Goliath's challenge. David offers to engage Goliath; but Saul doubts whether the young man was equal to such a perilous encounter; and David of course makes no allusion to his having previously stood before the king
David - David's heart was such that he would face Goliath virtually unarmed and would triumph through his faith, while Saul cowered in his tent (1 Samuel 17 )
Samuel, First Book of - David must have left Saul, and we know not exactly what interval elapsed before David slew Goliath
Rome And the Roman Empire - His fourth wife, Agrippina, is mentioned on a recently discovered sarcophagus in the Goliath family cemetery on the western edge of Jericho
Birds - Goliath and David threatened one another with this fate (1Samuel 17:44,1 Samuel 17:46 )
Saul - the spoil" (Genesis 49:27), Saul was energetic, choleric, and impressible, now prophesying with the prophets whose holy enthusiasm infected him, now jealous to madness of David whom he had loved greatly and brought permanently to court (1 Samuel 16:21; 1 Samuel 18:2) and made his armour bearer; and all because of a thoughtless expression of the women in meeting the conquerors after the battle with Goliath, "Saul hath slain his thousands, David his ten thousands" (1 Samuel 17; 1 Samuel 18:7)
Palestine - Here David encountered Goliath
War, Holy War - His first success over the giant Goliath was because he came not trusting in weapons but in the name of the Lord (17:45)
David - in His Races - My children still read Goliath on Sabbath evenings, but I am on the watch to see how soon I can safely introduce them to Shimei
Jonathan - ...
The first time that Jonathan and David ever saw one another was on the day when Goliath fell under David's sling
David - On his arrival in the camp of Israel, David (now about twenty years of age) was made aware of the state of matters when the champion of the Philistines, Goliath of Gath, came forth to defy Israel
Golgotha - The Bordeaux Pilgrim places the Transfiguration on Olivet, and the combat of David and Goliath near Jezreel
Joshua - Turning to Goliath, David said, 'Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield, but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts