What does Gog And Magog mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Gog And Magog
(gahg and may' gahg) 1. In Ezekiel 38-39 , Gog of the land of Magog is the leader of the forces of evil in an apocalyptic conflict against Yahweh. In Revelation 20:8 , Gog and Magog appear together in parallel construction as forces fighting for Satan after his 1,000 year bondage. The identity of Gog and Magog has been the subject of an extraordinary amount of speculation. In general, however, attempts to relate these figures to modern individuals or states have been unconvincing.
Ezekiel's prophecy is apparently built on Jeremiah's sermons against a foe from the north (Jeremiah 4-6 ). Ezekiel's historical reference may have been Gyges, king of Lydia, who asked Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria, for help in 676 B.C. but then joined an Egyptian-led rebellion against Assyria about 665 B.C. His name became a symbol for the powerful, feared king of the north. Magog is apparently a Hebrew construction meaning, “place of Gog.” 2. A descendant of the tribe of Reuben (1 Chronicles 5:6 ).
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gog And Magog
GOG is a symbolical name for the powerful and proud chief of the vast hordes of Scythia and Tartary. MAGOG, the son of Japheth (Genesis 10:2 ), whose descendants spread over the vast steppes in the north, after whom the land is here called. Ezekiel 38:2 should read "Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal." Gog is the prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal answering to Russia, Moscow or Muscovy, and Tobolsk: all now in the Russian empire. These, 'coming out of the north,' as a cloud to cover the land,' will attack Israel in the land of Palestine, but will be smitten by God. Ezekiel 38:2,18 ; Ezekiel 39:1,6,11 . The valley where they will be buried will be called HAMON-GOG, the 'multitude of Gog,' Ezekiel 39:11,15 . The destruction of these hordes will cause the heathen to know the Lord, that is, the nations extern to the Anti-christian Empire of the West.
In Revelation 20:8 we also read of Gog and Magog attacking "the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city," Jerusalem; but this must not be confounded with the prophecy in Ezekiel, for here they come out of 'the four corners of the earth;' and the battles do not coincide as to time. In Ezekiel the attack is before Israel is finally settled in the land, as may be seen by the context; whereas in the Revelation it is after the thousand years of the millennium, and is followed by the final overthrow of God's enemies who are led on by Satan. There is doubtless an allusion to the names in Ezekiel; 'Gog and Magog,' being symbolical names, are employed to describe all the proud and powerful hordes of post-millennium times, whose number is 'as the sand of the sea,' and whom Satan will collect together from all quarters to attack the kingdom of the Lord Jesus as established on earth, only to be devoured by fire from heaven: for Satan, when loosed, will not be able to raise up an empire against the Lord.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Gog And Magog
Moses speaks of Magog, son of Japheth, but says nothing of Gog, Genesis 10:2 . According to Ezekiel, Gog was prince of Magog, Ezekiel 38:2-3 , &c; Ezekiel 39:1-2 , &c. Magog signifies the country or people, and Gog the king of that country; the general name of the northern nations of Europe and Asia, or the districts north of the Caucasus, or Mount Taurus. The prophecy of Ezekiel, Ezekiel 39:1-22 , seems to be revived in the Apocalypse, where the hosts of Gog and Magog are represented as coming to invade "the beloved city," and perishing with immense slaughter likewise in Armageddon, "the mount of Mageddo," or Megiddo, Revelation 16:14-16 ; Revelation 20:7-10 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gog And Magog
Are usually spoken of together in Scripture. In Genesis 10:2 , Magog, which seems to denote a country with its people, is reckoned among the descendants of Japheth. In Ezekiel 38:1-23 ; 39:1-29 , Magog apparently signifies a country with its people, and Gog the king of that people; but critics are much divided as to the people and country intended under these names. The Scythians, the Goths, the Persians, and several other nations, have been specified by interpreters as the Magog of the Scriptures; but most probably it is a name given generally to the northern nations of Europe and Asia, or the districts north of the Caucasus. The names reappear in the later predictions of John as enemies of the people of God, who are to be signally overthrown in Armageddon, Revelation 16:14-16 ; 20:7-9 .

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Magog - See Gog And Magog
Magog - (may' gahg) See Gog And Magog
Gog - In Apocalypse 20, Gog And Magog represent the last host that makes an assault upon the followers of Christ. Gog And Magog are also the fanciful names of two gigantic wooden statues in the Guildhall in London
Gog And Magog - In Revelation 20:8 , Gog And Magog appear together in parallel construction as forces fighting for Satan after his 1,000 year bondage. The identity of Gog And Magog has been the subject of an extraordinary amount of speculation
Gog - Gog And Magog (gŏg and mâ'gŏg)
God And Magog - In the Book of Revelation (Revelation 20:7-8) the seer tells that Satan, after being bound for one Thousand years, shall be loosed and go forth to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog And Magog, to gather them together to battle. In this passage Gog And Magog are represented as nations dwelling in the four quarters of the earth and symbolic of the enemies of the Lord. ...
The Jews themselves regarded Gog And Magog as vague descriptions of northern barbaric nations, with whom they were very slightly acquainted. The picture that Ezekiel gave of their overthrow gave rise to the apocalyptic conception that finally the enemies of God and His people would he utterly overthrown in a great battle, and the names Gog And Magog frequently appear in later Jewish apocalyptic literature as leaders of the hostile world powers (cf. , while in 20:8 the names of Gog And Magog appear as the description of hostile nations. ...
Many and varied are the interpretations that have been given of Gog And Magog by those who, ignoring the poetical and pictorial nature of apocalyptic literature, regard the Apocalypse as a prophecy of actual historic events
Gog And Magog - The prophecy of Ezekiel, Ezekiel 39:1-22 , seems to be revived in the Apocalypse, where the hosts of Gog And Magog are represented as coming to invade "the beloved city," and perishing with immense slaughter likewise in Armageddon, "the mount of Mageddo," or Megiddo, Revelation 16:14-16 ; Revelation 20:7-10
Gog And Magog - ...
In Revelation 20:8 we also read of Gog And Magog attacking "the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city," Jerusalem; but this must not be confounded with the prophecy in Ezekiel, for here they come out of 'the four corners of the earth;' and the battles do not coincide as to time. There is doubtless an allusion to the names in Ezekiel; 'Gog and Magog,' being symbolical names, are employed to describe all the proud and powerful hordes of post-millennium times, whose number is 'as the sand of the sea,' and whom Satan will collect together from all quarters to attack the kingdom of the Lord Jesus as established on earth, only to be devoured by fire from heaven: for Satan, when loosed, will not be able to raise up an empire against the Lord
Gog - Gog And Magog. In Revelation 20:8 Gog And Magog are both peoples
Gog - The vision respecting Gog And Magog in the Apocalypse (Revelation 20:8 ) is in substance a reannouncement of this prophecy of Ezekiel
Hoof - The same figure applies to Gog And Magog in Ezekiel 38:4
Hilarianus (1) Quintus Julius, Latin Chiliast Writer - ...
887 "...
He believes that after the close of the apocalyptic thousand years will come the loosing of Satan, the seducing of the nations Gog And Magog, the descent of fire from heaven upon their armies; then the second resurrection, the judgment, the passing away of the old things and the bringing in of the new heavens and new earth; "impii in ambustione aeterna; justi autem cum Deo in vita aeterna" (c
Magog - In Revelation 20:8 ‘Gog and Magog’ are applied figuratively to denote the nations who are pictured as brought by Satan, at the end of the millennium, to attack Jerusalem, and as destroyed before it (see, further, Gog)
Gog - Gog And Magog...
Gog, whose name signifies roof, or covering, it should seem, was some prince; and Magog not a person, but the kingdom
Cush - Ezekiel listed Cush as one of the allies of Gog And Magog in the great climatic battle (Ezekiel 38:5 )
Scythian - They became the symbol of savagery, inhumanity, barbarity, treachery, cruelty, and perhaps under the names Gog And Magog (q. 1) identifies Gog And Magog of Ezekiel 38, 39 with the Scythians
Har-Magedon - And the place given to ‘the mountains of Israel’ in Ezekiel’s prophecy of the destruction of Gog And Magog (Ezekiel 38:8; Ezekiel 38:21; Ezekiel 39:2; Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17), to which the Apocalyptist subsequently refers in his description of the final overthrow of Satan and his hosts (Revelation 20:8), may have served to confirm the idea that a mountain would be the scene of ‘the war of the great day of God, the Almighty
Tabernacles, Feast of - Jewish tradition makes Gog And Magog about to be defeated on the feast of tabernacles, or that the seven months' cleansing shall end at that feast (Ezekiel 39:12)
Lake of Fire - It is also the place into which the devil is cast after the defeat of Gog And Magog (" translation="">Revelation 20:10)
Ezekiel, Book of - Gog And Magog will be the chief opponents
Ezekiel, Theology of - ...
Gog And Magog . In a surprising turn, Ezekiel interrupts his prophecies of future redemption and glory with the prophecy of the great war against Gog And Magog (chaps
Ezekiel - “Gog, the land of Magog” (Ezekiel 38:2 ) becomes “Gog and Magog” in Revelation 20:8
Antichrist - Ezekiel’s prophecy of the overthrow of Gog And Magog (Ezekiel 38); Zechariah’s vision of the destruction of the destroyers of Jerusalem (Zechariah 14); above all, the representation in Daniel, with reference to Antiochus Epiphanes, of a world-power that waxed great even to the host of heaven (Daniel 8:10), and trod the sanctuary under foot (Daniel 8:13), and stood up against the Prince of princes until it was finally ‘broken without hand’ (Daniel 8:25)-all contributed to the idea of a great coming conflict with the powers of a godless world before the Divine Kingdom could be set up
Isidorus, Archbaptist of Seville - —The Goths, according to Isidore, were descended from Gog And Magog, and of the same race as the Getae
Fire - ...
(δ) Supernatural fire is the agent by which the nations, Gog And Magog, are consumed, and their attempt to capture ‘the beloved city’ frustrated (Revelation 20:9)
Fire - ...
(δ) Supernatural fire is the agent by which the nations, Gog And Magog, are consumed, and their attempt to capture ‘the beloved city’ frustrated (Revelation 20:9)
Jeremiah - The Assyrian capital was saved for the time by the irruption of the Scythian nomads (Ezekiel’s Gog And Magog), who were swarming southwards from the Oxus plains and over the Caucasus passes