What does Gerizim And Ebal mean in the Bible?


Holman Bible Dictionary - Gerizim And Ebal
(guhr' ih zihm and ee' buhl ) Closely related place names meaning, “cut off ones” and “stripped one” or “baldy.” Two mountains which form the sides of an important east-west pass in central Israel known as the valley of Shechem. Ancient Shechem lies at the east entrance of this valley, and modern Nablus stands in the narrow valley between the two mountains. Shechem is located some 40 miles north of Jerusalem and, because of the mountainous terrain, controls all roads through the central hill country of Israel.
Gerizim (modern Jebel et-Tor) stands 2,849 feet above the Mediterranean and 700 feet above the valley. Ebal (modern Jebel Eslamiyeh) was located directly opposite Gerizim and Isaiah 2,950 feet above sea level. Both of the mountains are steep and rocky and perhaps gave reason to the probable meaning of Shechem: “shoulder(s).” The mountains, standing like two sentinels, could be fortified and assure control of this important valley. Excavations have shown architectural features which imply its commercial and military importance in the area.
When the Israelites conquered central Israel, Joshua carried out the directive given by Moses, and placed half of the tribes on Mount Gerizim to pronounce the blessing (Deuteronomy 27:12 ) and the other half on Mount Ebal to pronounce the curses (Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Joshua 8:30-35 ). Joshua built an altar on Ebal (Joshua 8:30 ).
Jotham proclaimed his famous kingship fable to the citizens of Shechem from Mount Gerizim (Judges 9:7 ), thus using its sacred tradition to reinforce the authority of his message. After the Assyrians captured the Northern Kingdom, the mixed race of people began mixing pagan worship and worship of Yahweh (2 Kings 17:33 ).
Gerizim disappears from biblical history until after the Babylonian Exile and the Persian restoration. The Jewish historian Josephus reported that Alexander the Great gave permission to the Samaritans to build a temple on Mount Gerizim. Archaeologists think they have found remains of this temple, 66 x 66 feet and 30 feet high, built of uncut rocks without cement. Josephus also reported that John Hyrcanus destroyed the temple in 128 B.C. Archaeologists have also found remains of the temple to Zeus Hypsistos which Hadrian, the Roman emperor, built after A.D. 100. Over 1500 marble steps led to the pagan temple. The small Samaritan community continues to worship on Gerizim today, just as they did in Jesus' lifetime when He met the Samaritan woman drawing water from Jacob's well. She pointed to traditional worship on the mountain (John 4:20 ). See Samaritans.
Jimmy Albright

Sentence search

Moriah - There is some similarity between the names Moriah and Moreh , the latter of which was at Shechem ( Genesis 12:6 , Deuteronomy 11:30 ), close to the hills Gerizim And Ebal
Vale - of Gerizim, and between Gerizim And Ebal, and between Gilboa and Little Hermon the undulating and English like valley of Jezreel
Shechem (1) - of Gerizim And Ebal the flue plain of Mukhna stretches from N. The suburbs in our Lord's days reached nearer the entrance of the valley between Gerizim And Ebal than now; for the narrative in John 4:30; John 4:35, implies that the people could be seen as they came from the town toward Jesus at the well, whereas Nablus now is more than a mile distant, and cannot be seen from that point. of the well in the open plain, in the center of the opening between Gerizim And Ebal, is more open to doubt
Gilgal - In Deuteronomy 11:30 Moses, speaking of the mounts of Gerizim And Ebal, asks "Are they not
She'Chem - It is a small between Gerizim And Ebal
Shechem - A city of central Canaan, between the mountains Gerizim And Ebal, thirty-four miles north of Jerusalem; called also Sychar and Sychem, Acts 7:16
Judea - Its principal cities were Samaria, the capital of the kingdom of Israel, north of Sichem, and equally distant from Jordan and the sea coast, afterward named Sebaste by Herod, in honour of Augustus; Jezrael, or Esdraelon, about four leagues north from Samaria; Sichem, or Sychar, called by the Romans Neapolis, eight miles south of Samaria, in a valley between the mountains Gerizim And Ebal; Bethsan, called by the Greek writers Scythopolis, about twenty miles north-east of Sichem; Caesarea of Palestine, anciently called Turris Stratonis, greatly enlarged by Herod, and long the principal city of the province, about nineteen leagues north north-west from Jerusalem; Dora, now Tartura, nine miles north from Caesarea, on the road to Tyre; Apollonia, now Arzuf, on the sea coast, twenty-two miles south of Caesarea; and Hadadrimmon, afterward called Maximianopolis, about seventeen miles eastward of Caesarea