What does Gerizim mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
גְּרִזִ֔ים a mountain in northern Israel in Ephraim near Shechem from which the blessings were read to the Israelites on entering Canaan; site of the Samaritan temple built after the captivity. 4

Definitions Related to Gerizim

H1630


   1 a mountain in northern Israel in Ephraim near Shechem from which the blessings were read to the Israelites on entering Canaan; site of the Samaritan temple built after the captivity.
   Additional Information: Gerizim = “cuttings off”.
   

Frequency of Gerizim (original languages)

Frequency of Gerizim (English)

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gerizim
A mountain of Samaria, about 3,000 feet above the Mediterranean. It was on the left of the valley containing the ancient town of Shechem (q.v.), on the way to Jerusalem. It stood over against Mount Ebal, the summits of these mountains being distant from each other about 2 miles (Deuteronomy 27 ; Joshua 8:30-35 ). On the slopes of this mountain the tribes descended from the handmaids of Leah and Rachel, together with the tribe of Reuben, were gathered together, and gave the responses to the blessing pronounced as the reward of obedience, when Joshua in the valley below read the whole law in the hearing of all the people; as those gathered on Ebal responded with a loud Amen to the rehearsal of the curses pronounced on the disobedient. It was probably at this time that the coffin containing the embalmed body of Joseph was laid in the "parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor" (Genesis 33:19 ; 50:25 ). Josephus relates (Ant 11:8,2-4) that Sanballat built a temple for the Samaritans on this mountain, and instituted a priesthood, as rivals to those of the Jews at Jerusalem. This temple was destroyed after it had stood two hundred years. It was afterwards rebuilt by Herod the Great. There is a Samaritan tradition that it was the scene of the incident recorded in Genesis 22 . There are many ruins on this mountain, some of which are evidently of Christian buildings. To this mountain the woman of Sychar referred in John 4:20 . For centuries Gerizim was the centre of political outbreaks. The Samaritans (q.v.), a small but united body, still linger here, and keep up their ancient ceremonial worship.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Gerizim And Ebal
(guhr' ih zihm and ee' buhl ) Closely related place names meaning, “cut off ones” and “stripped one” or “baldy.” Two mountains which form the sides of an important east-west pass in central Israel known as the valley of Shechem. Ancient Shechem lies at the east entrance of this valley, and modern Nablus stands in the narrow valley between the two mountains. Shechem is located some 40 miles north of Jerusalem and, because of the mountainous terrain, controls all roads through the central hill country of Israel.
Gerizim (modern Jebel et-Tor) stands 2,849 feet above the Mediterranean and 700 feet above the valley. Ebal (modern Jebel Eslamiyeh) was located directly opposite Gerizim and Isaiah 2,950 feet above sea level. Both of the mountains are steep and rocky and perhaps gave reason to the probable meaning of Shechem: “shoulder(s).” The mountains, standing like two sentinels, could be fortified and assure control of this important valley. Excavations have shown architectural features which imply its commercial and military importance in the area.
When the Israelites conquered central Israel, Joshua carried out the directive given by Moses, and placed half of the tribes on Mount Gerizim to pronounce the blessing (Deuteronomy 27:12 ) and the other half on Mount Ebal to pronounce the curses (Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Joshua 8:30-35 ). Joshua built an altar on Ebal (Joshua 8:30 ).
Jotham proclaimed his famous kingship fable to the citizens of Shechem from Mount Gerizim (Judges 9:7 ), thus using its sacred tradition to reinforce the authority of his message. After the Assyrians captured the Northern Kingdom, the mixed race of people began mixing pagan worship and worship of Yahweh (2 Kings 17:33 ).
Gerizim disappears from biblical history until after the Babylonian Exile and the Persian restoration. The Jewish historian Josephus reported that Alexander the Great gave permission to the Samaritans to build a temple on Mount Gerizim. Archaeologists think they have found remains of this temple, 66 x 66 feet and 30 feet high, built of uncut rocks without cement. Josephus also reported that John Hyrcanus destroyed the temple in 128 B.C. Archaeologists have also found remains of the temple to Zeus Hypsistos which Hadrian, the Roman emperor, built after A.D. 100. Over 1500 marble steps led to the pagan temple. The small Samaritan community continues to worship on Gerizim today, just as they did in Jesus' lifetime when He met the Samaritan woman drawing water from Jacob's well. She pointed to traditional worship on the mountain (John 4:20 ). See Samaritans.
Jimmy Albright
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Gerizim
Cutters
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Gerizim
(See EBAL.) The mount of the Gerazim, i.e. the dwellers in a shorn (desert) land; subdued by David. 1 Samuel 27:8, "Gezrites" or "Gerzites." Smith's Bible Dictionary identifies Gerazim with the mount on which Abraham offered Isaac, (see Moriah); it is objected to the temple mount being the site of Isaac's offering that "Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off," whereas the temple mount is not conspicuous from afar; also the Samaritans identify the site of the sacrifice with the natural altar on Gerazim. (See MORIAH.) But Genesis 22:4 means simply that Abraham saw the spot at such a distance as the place admitted. Abraham had uttered an unconscious prophecy, Genesis 22:8, "God will provide (or 'see') a lamb." Now in Genesis 22:14 he sees that "God" (the Εlohim whose resources he knew to be infinite) proves Himself to be JEHOVAH the Provider for the people in covenant with Him, "Jehovah-jireh."
The meaning of "Moriah" "what Jehovah has made one see", alluding to "the mount of the vision of Jehovah" (Genesis 22:14), favors the view that the name "Moriah" in Genesis 22:2 is used by anticipation, and originated in Abraham's words, Genesis 22:14. The identity of name favors the temple mount being the site (2 Chronicles 3:1). The distance, two days journey from Beersheba, which would bring him in sight of the temple mount at Jerusalem on the third day whereas Gerazim could not be reached on the third day from Beersheba, favors the same view. Gerazim commands one of the finest views in Palestine, being 2,500 ft. above the Mediterranean on the W. Hermon's snow-clad heights lie on the N., and the trans-jordanic mountains, cleft by the Jabbok, on the E. Manasseh, brother of Jaddua the high priest, married the daughter of Sanballat the Cuthaean (2 Kings 17:24), who in order to reconcile his son-in-law to this forbidden affinity obtained leave from Alexander the Great to build a temple on Gerazim (Josephus, Ant. 11:8, sections 2-4.)
Henceforward the Samaritans and Jews assumed mutual antagonism; but whereas the Jerusalem temple and worship were overthrown soon after our Lord's crucifixion, the Samaritan on Gerazim have continued from age to age, and the paschal lamb has been yearly offered by this interesting community; they possess a copy of the law, attributed to Manasseh, and known to the Christian fathers of the second and third centuries. To Gerazim our Lord alludes: "Woman, believe Me, the hour cometh when ye shall neither in this mountain nor yet at Jerusalem (exclusively) worship the Father" (John 4:21). Lieut. Anderson within the ruin called "the castle" excavated the foundations and piers of an octagonal church, probably that built by Justinian. The church and castle were built on a rough platform of stones without mortar, including the so-called "twelve stones." On this platform perhaps the Samaritan temple stood.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Gerizim
GERIZIM.—In relation to the life and teaching of Jesus, the interest of Mt. Gerizim lies in its being the mountain to which the woman of Samaria referred on the occasion when Jesus uttered His memorable words, ‘Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father’ (John 4:21).
The establishment of Mt. Gerizim and its temple as the sacred Place of the Samaritans in rivalry to Jerusalem, is bound up with the growth of the jealousy and hatred between Jews and Samaritans, which had attained such magnitude in the days of our Lord. The story given by Josephus of the founding of the temple on Mt. Gerizim (Ant. xi. viii. 2–4) is that Manasseh, brother of Jaddua, high priest at Jerusalem, married the daughter of Sanballat (Nehemiah 4). For this marriage he was threatened with expulsion unless he divorced his wife. He thereupon appealed to Sanballat, who built for him the temple on Mt. Gerizim, and made him its first high priest. This story ‘seems to be derived from some apocryphal Jewish account of the origin of the Samaritan temple’ (Sayce, art. ‘Sanballat’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible). According to Nehemiah 13:28, a grandson of Eliashib the high priest was son-in-law to Sanballat, and was expelled for this ‘mixed marriage.’ More reliable, if less definite, ground is to be found in 2 Kings 17:24-28, from which we learn that the king of Assyria sent back one of the priests whom he had carried away from the Northern Kingdom, to teach the heathen peoples whom he had settled there ‘the manner of the God of the land.’ Thus the worship of Jehovah was preserved in Samaria, and gradually asserted itself over the ‘gods of their own’ which every nation made. In the days of Ezra, when the temple at Jerusalem was being rebuilt, the Samaritans, who are called ‘the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin,’ desired to assist in the task, for they said, ‘We seek your God as ye do.’ This request was refused (Ezra 4:1-3), and thus the founding of a rival shrine became inevitable. See also art. Samaritans.
The claim of the Samaritans, that Mt. Gerizim was the true centre of the worship of Jehovah, rested upon a statement in their version of the Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 27:4 f. where ‘Gerizim’ is substituted for ‘Ebal’ of Massoretic Text) definitely prescribing that an altar should be built there. They also supported the claim of their shrine by traditions in which it was represented as the mountain on which Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac (cf. G. A. Smith, HGHL [1] 334, note), the place where Abraham was met by Melchizedek, and also the scene of Jacob’s dream.
Apart from such traditions, the position of Mt. Gerizim and its vis-à-vis Mt. Ebal, at the head of the pass leading right through from the river Jordan to the sea, and also at the point where the great north road from Jerusalem to Galilee intersects this pass, has given them a commanding place in the topography of the Holy Land, and has led to their association with important events in the history of Israel. Shechem, which lay between Mt. Ebal and Mt. Gerizim, is associated with the entrance of both Abraham and Jacob into the promised land (Genesis 12:6; Genesis 33:18). It was near Shechem that Jacob purchased the parcel of land from the children of Hamor, on which he erected an altar, and sank a well for his family and flocks. It was in this parcel of land that Joseph was buried (Joshua 24:32). Mt. Ebal and Mt. Gerizim, again, were the scenes of the great inaugural service of all Israel on taking possession of the promised land (Deuteronomy 11:29; Deuteronomy 11:32; Deuteronomy 27:11-12, Joshua 8:33-34). And it was at Shechem that Joshua gathered together the people for the renewal of the covenant, ‘and took a great stone and set it up there under an oak that was by the sanctuary of the Lord’ (Joshua 24:1; Joshua 24:28). It was on Mt. Gerizim that Abimelech, Gideon’s son, spoke his parable of the trees (Judges 8:31; Judges 9:1; Judges 9:7; Judges 9:20). It was at Shechem also that all Israel gathered to make Rehoboam king (1 Kings 12:1), and this was the original capital of the Northern Kingdom.
In order to understand the significance of the question which the woman put to Jesus at the well (John 4:20), it is necessary to remember that she must have been well instructed in the notable history of Mt. Gerizim, and would accept all the traditions of her people without question. At the same time her own religious faith was probably bankrupt. She had not found God on Mt. Gerizim. There is a vein of scepticism in her words, as of one who, having lost personal faith, points with scorn to the differences of those who worship the same God. Yet even in her scepticism there is a faint hope apparent that this ‘prophet’ may have a living message for her. On the historical question involved Jesus pronounces quite definitely in John 4:22, but not before He has lifted the whole subject out of this barren controversy and set it in relation to the fundamental principles of His teaching. There is embedded in the very beginning of the Samaritan worship of Jehovah the idea that Jehovah is the ‘God of the land’ (2 Kings 17:27), and throughout the whole controversy between Jerusalem and Mt. Gerizim there is to be found the assumption that His worship must have a local centre. To this Jesus makes answer, ‘God is Spirit.’ It follows at once from this fundamental idea of the true nature of God that the essential quality in worship which is acceptable to Him is not the place where it is offered, but the disposition of the worshipper. Wendt points out that our Lord’s teaching in this passage as to the true nature of worship is a corollary of His teaching in the Sermon on the Mount, that the heart (the whole inward nature) is the true seat of the righteousness of the people of God. So that for the ethical expansion of John 4:23-24 we naturally turn to Matthew 5-7, even as in John 4:24 we find the great doctrinal foundation alike of right conduct and right worship.
Literature.—Stanley, SP [2] v.; G. A. Smith, HGHL [1] 120, 332; Schürer, HJP [4] ii. i. 5; Muirhead, Times of Christ, 108; Dods, ‘St. John’ in Expos. Bible, ix. and x.; Wendt, Teaching of Jesus, i. 320; artt. ‘Gerizim’ and ‘Shechem’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible; Commentaries.
Andrew N. Bogle.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gerizim
GERIZIM . A mountain which with Ebal encloses the valley in which is built the town of Nâblus (Shechem). The Samaritan sect regard it as holy, it being to them what Jerusalem and Mount Zion are to the Jew. According to Samaritan tradition, the sacrifice of Isaac took place here. From Gerizim were pronounced the blessings attached to observance of the Law ( Joshua 8:33 ), when the Israelites formally took possession of the country. It was probably chosen as the fortunate mountain (as contrasted with Ebal, the mount of cursings), because it would be on the right hand of a spectator facing east. Here Jotham spoke his parable to the elders of Shechem ( Judges 9:7 ).
The acoustic properties of the valley are said to be remarkable, and experiment has shown that from some parts of the mountain it is possible with very little effort to make the voice carry over a very considerable area. A ledge of rock half-way up the hill is still often called ‘Jotham’s pulpit.’
On this mountain was erected, about 432 b.c., a Samaritan temple, which was destroyed about 300 years afterwards by Hyrcanus. Its site is pointed out on a small level plateau, under the hill-top. The Passover is annually celebrated here. Other ruins of less interest are to be seen on the mountain-top, such as the remains of a castle and a Byzantine church. The summit of the mountain commands a view embracing nearly the whole of Palestine. Contrary to the statement of Josephus, it is not the highest of the mountains of Samaria, Ebal and Tell ‘Azur being rather higher.
R. A. S. Macalister.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gerizim, Mount
The mountain in Samaria on which the blessings on Israel were pronounced, in contrast to the curses given on mount Ebal. Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Deuteronomy 27:12 ; Joshua 8:33 ; Judges 9:7 . History records that after the rebuilding of the temple in the time of Ezra a Samaritan temple was built on this mountain, where they had priests and sacrifices, which was the cause of great animosity between the Jews and the Samaritans. Though this temple was destroyed by Hyrcanus, the Samaritans clung to the mountain as the right place of worship, as the woman of Samaria said to the Lord. John 4:20 . The Samaritans still eat the Passover lamb on the mountain. A church was also built there; but now there are only ruins. The mount is called Jebel et Tor , 32 12' N, 35 16' E . Its highest point is 2,849 feet above the sea.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gerizim
Gerizim (gĕr'a-zĭm), Mount. A mountain near Shechem, from which the blessings were pronounced, as the curses were from Mount Ebal, Deuteronomy 11:29; Deuteronomy 27:1-13; Joshua 8:30-33. Gerizim is 2849 feet above the level of the sea, and about 800 feet above Nâblus (Shechem). It is separated from Ebal by a narrow valley. Six tribes were placed on Gerizim, and six on Ebal, Deuteronomy 27:12-13; the ark was probably in the valley between them, and Joshua read the blessings and cursings successively. Joshua 8:33-34; Deuteronomy 27:14-15. Gerizim was the scene of the first recorded parable—that of the trees and brambles. Judges 9:7-21. It was the site of the Samaritan temple, and referred to by the woman at the well. John 4:20. See Ebal.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Gerizim
This in the mount from whence the Lord commanded Joshua to bless the people; while mount Ebal was the mount appointed for the proclamation of the curses. (See Deuteronomy 27:1-26, throughout; Joshua 8:30-35) Both those mountains were near Shechem in Ephraim, a province of Samaria. It should seem, that Gerizim was very near to Shechem; for Jotham, the son of Gideon, addressed the people of that city from it. (See Judges 9:7) The Samaritans had a high veneration for this mountain; witness the words of the adulteress at Jacob's well to Christ. "Our fathers (said she) worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship." (John 4:20)
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mount Gerizim
This mount lay on the other side Jordan towards the way of the going down of the sun in Canaan. And here it was that Moses commanded Israel, from this mountain, to pronounce blessings upon the people. (Deuteronomy 11:29-30) There should seem to have been a special design in this appointment of the Lord by Moses; for here it was, beside the plains of Moreh, that Abraham first came, at the call of God, when he left Haran. (See Genesis 12:1-6) So that though Moses himself had never been there, nor ever would, yet here blessings should immediately, on their arrival, be pronounced, to Israel's fidelity, in the very spot where, in ages before, the Lord had first revealed himself to their father Abraham. There is a great sweetness in the connexion in proof of covenant love; and I hope the reader, as oft as he calls to mind mount Gerizim, will call to recollection this view of it. The reader may find farther account of the blessings which the Lord appointed to be pronounced on mount Gerizim, Deuteronomy 27:11 and Deuteronomy 28:1-14 and the confirmation of the whole, as fulfilled by Joshua after Israel had passed over Jordan, taken Jericho and Ai, Joshua 8:33-35.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Gerizim
a mount near Shechem, in Ephraim, a province of Samaria. Shechem lay at the foot of two mountains, Ebal and Gerizim. Gerizim was fruitful, Ebal was barren. God commanded that the Hebrews, after passing the Jordan, should be so divided; that six tribes might be stationed on Mount Gerizim, and six on Mount Ebal. The former was to pronounce blessings on those who observed the law of the Lord; the others, curses against those who should violate it, Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Deuteronomy 27:12 . As to the original of the temple upon Gerizim, we must take Josephus's relation of it. Manasseh, the grandson of Eliashib, the high priest, and brother to Jaddus, high priest of the Jews, having been driven from Jerusalem in the year of the world 3671, and not enduring patiently to see himself deprived of the honour and advantages of the priesthood, Sanballat, his father-in- law, addressed himself to Alexander the Great, who was then carrying on the siege of Tyre; and having paid him homage for the province of Samaria, whereof he was governor, he farther offered him eight thousand of his best troops, which disposed Alexander to grant what he desired for his son-in- law, and for many other priests, who being married, as well as he, contrary to the law, chose rather to forsake their country than their wives, and had joined Manasseh in Samaria. When Antiochus Epiphanes began to persecute the Jews, A.M. 3836; B.C. 186, the Samaritans entreated him that their temple upon Gerizim, which hitherto had been dedicated to an unknown and nameless god, might be consecrated to Jupiter the Grecian, which was easily consented to by Antiochus. The temple of Gerizim subsisted some time after the worship of Jupiter was introduced into it; but it was destroyed by John Hircanus Maccabaeus, and was not rebuilt till Gabinius was governor of Syria; who repaired Samaria, and called it by his own name. It is certain, that, in our Saviour's time, this temple was in being; and that the true God was worshipped there, since the woman of Samaria, pointing to Gerizim, said to him, "Our fathers worshipped in this mountain, and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship," John 4:20 . We are assured, that Herod the Great, having rebuilt Samaria, and called it Sebaste, in honour of Augustus, would have obliged the Samaritans to worship in the temple which he had erected there, but they constantly refused.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gerizim
A mountain in Ephraim, between which and Ebal lay the city of Shechem, Judges 9:7 . The world has beheld few scenes more awful and suggestive than when, having conquered Canaan, all the Israelites were summoned to this place, and six tribes were stationed on mount Gerizim to pronounce blessings on those who should obey God's law, and the other six on Mount Ebal to denounce curses on those who should break it; while all the people solemnly said, Deuteronomy 11:29 27:12-26 28:1-68 . See VIEW IN SHECHEM.
After the captivity, Manasseh, a seceding priest, by permission of Alexander the Great, built a temple on Gerizim, and the Samaritans joined the worship of the true God to that of their idols; "They feared the Lord, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away form thence," 2 Kings 17:33 . See SAMARITANS and SANBALLAT.
This temple was destroyed by John Hyrcanus; yet its site has always retained its ancient sacredness. In our Savior's time the true God was worshipped by the Samaritans, though ignorantly, John 4:1 - 54 . Herod the Great having rebuilt Samaria, and called it Sebaste, in honor of Augustus, would have compelled the Samaritans to worship in the temple which he had erected; but they constantly refused and have continued to this day to guard their sacred Scriptures, to keep the law, to pray towards their holy place on the summit of Gerizim, and to worship God there four times in the year.
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Gerizim
Mount Gerizim stood beside the town of Shechem, opposite Mount Ebal. Both mountains were closely linked with Shechem in the history of Israel, and Mt Gerizim later became a sacred mountain to the Samaritans (Deuteronomy 27:11-14; John 4:20). (For details see SHECHEM.)

Sentence search

Mount Ebal - It was situated in Ephraim, near Shechem, over against Gerizim. ) See Gerizim
Ebal - Deuteronomy 27:1-28:68 ; a mountain in Ephraim, over against mount Gerizim, from which it is separated by a valley about five hundred yards wide and three miles long, in which stands the town of Shechem. As you journey from Jerusalem, and turn to pass through the valley west-northwest to Shechem, mount Ebal is on the right hand and mount Gerizim on the left. Some have described the count of cursing as sterile and desolate, and Gerizim as smiling and fertile. Mount Gerizim, however, is said to have a more fertile background, and to be a little higher than mount Ebal. See Gerizim , SHECHEM
Gerizim - Mount Gerizim stood beside the town of Shechem, opposite Mount Ebal. Both mountains were closely linked with Shechem in the history of Israel, and Mt Gerizim later became a sacred mountain to the Samaritans (Deuteronomy 27:11-14; John 4:20)
Gerizim - Gerizim (gĕr'a-zĭm), Mount. Gerizim is 2849 feet above the level of the sea, and about 800 feet above Nâblus (Shechem). Six tribes were placed on Gerizim, and six on Ebal, Deuteronomy 27:12-13; the ark was probably in the valley between them, and Joshua read the blessings and cursings successively. Gerizim was the scene of the first recorded parable—that of the trees and brambles
Ebal - A mountain in the lot of Ephraim over against mount Gerizim. Whereas, Gerizim, which lay opposite to it, and from whence the blessings were delivered, was a beautiful and fruitful country
e'Bal, Mount, - The blessing consequent on obedience was to be similarly localized on Mount Gerizim. (11:26-29) Ebal and Gerizim are the mounts which form the sides of the fertile valley in which lies Nablus , the ancient Shechem-Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south
Gerizim And Ebal - ...
Gerizim (modern Jebel et-Tor) stands 2,849 feet above the Mediterranean and 700 feet above the valley. Ebal (modern Jebel Eslamiyeh) was located directly opposite Gerizim and Isaiah 2,950 feet above sea level. ...
When the Israelites conquered central Israel, Joshua carried out the directive given by Moses, and placed half of the tribes on Mount Gerizim to pronounce the blessing (Deuteronomy 27:12 ) and the other half on Mount Ebal to pronounce the curses (Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Joshua 8:30-35 ). ...
Jotham proclaimed his famous kingship fable to the citizens of Shechem from Mount Gerizim (Judges 9:7 ), thus using its sacred tradition to reinforce the authority of his message. ...
Gerizim disappears from biblical history until after the Babylonian Exile and the Persian restoration. The Jewish historian Josephus reported that Alexander the Great gave permission to the Samaritans to build a temple on Mount Gerizim. The small Samaritan community continues to worship on Gerizim today, just as they did in Jesus' lifetime when He met the Samaritan woman drawing water from Jacob's well
Gerizim - Shechem lay at the foot of two mountains, Ebal and Gerizim. Gerizim was fruitful, Ebal was barren. God commanded that the Hebrews, after passing the Jordan, should be so divided; that six tribes might be stationed on Mount Gerizim, and six on Mount Ebal. As to the original of the temple upon Gerizim, we must take Josephus's relation of it. 186, the Samaritans entreated him that their temple upon Gerizim, which hitherto had been dedicated to an unknown and nameless god, might be consecrated to Jupiter the Grecian, which was easily consented to by Antiochus. The temple of Gerizim subsisted some time after the worship of Jupiter was introduced into it; but it was destroyed by John Hircanus Maccabaeus, and was not rebuilt till Gabinius was governor of Syria; who repaired Samaria, and called it by his own name. It is certain, that, in our Saviour's time, this temple was in being; and that the true God was worshipped there, since the woman of Samaria, pointing to Gerizim, said to him, "Our fathers worshipped in this mountain, and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship," John 4:20
Gerizim - GERIZIM. Gerizim lies in its being the mountain to which the woman of Samaria referred on the occasion when Jesus uttered His memorable words, ‘Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father’ (John 4:21). Gerizim and its temple as the sacred Place of the Samaritans in rivalry to Jerusalem, is bound up with the growth of the jealousy and hatred between Jews and Samaritans, which had attained such magnitude in the days of our Lord. Gerizim (Ant. Gerizim, and made him its first high priest. Gerizim was the true centre of the worship of Jehovah, rested upon a statement in their version of the Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 27:4 f. where ‘Gerizim’ is substituted for ‘Ebal’ of Massoretic Text) definitely prescribing that an altar should be built there. Gerizim and its vis-à-vis Mt. Gerizim, is associated with the entrance of both Abraham and Jacob into the promised land (Genesis 12:6; Genesis 33:18). Gerizim, again, were the scenes of the great inaugural service of all Israel on taking possession of the promised land (Deuteronomy 11:29; Deuteronomy 11:32; Deuteronomy 27:11-12, Joshua 8:33-34). Gerizim that Abimelech, Gideon’s son, spoke his parable of the trees (Judges 8:31; Judges 9:1; Judges 9:7; Judges 9:20). Gerizim, and would accept all the traditions of her people without question. Gerizim. Gerizim there is to be found the assumption that His worship must have a local centre. ‘Gerizim’ and ‘Shechem’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible; Commentaries
Mount, Mountain - Gerizim, Ebal, Zion and Olivet, and for ranges, such as Lebanon
Ebal - The hill upon which the curses of the law were to be read; as on the opposite hill Gerizim the blessings (Deuteronomy 11:29-30; Deuteronomy 27:12-13; Joshua 8:30-35). Ebal the mount of the curse, is steeper and more barren; Gerizim, the mount of the blessing, more sloping, and having a ravine opposite the W. Gerizim, as the southernmost, was chosen for the blessing, light and life being associated with the S. ...
On Gerizim the Samaritans in ages long after built their temple in rivalry of that at Jerusalem. There is still a rocky amphitheatrical recess on the side of Ebal, and a corresponding one of the same dimensions on the side of Gerizim; probably formed for the accommodation of the people, when all Israel, their elders, officers, and judges, stood: half of them, the six blessing tribes, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin (sprung from Jacob's proper wives), over against Gerizim; and half, the six cursing tribes (four sprung from Zilpah and Bilhah, and Reuben the incestuous oldest and Zebulun the youngest) over against Ebal: with the ark and the priests and Levites in the center between the two mountains. ...
The voices of those standing on Ebal can be distinctly heard by those on Gerizim (such are the acoustic properties of the place, according to Tristram, etc. broad and runs from Gerizim S. This road skirts Ebal and Gerizim. of Gerizim and on the brow of lofty hills, a suitable landmark, 2 Kings 2:1-2), "and beside the oaks (not 'plains,' but terebinths) of Moreh. The Samaritan Pentateuch reads "Gerizim "for Ebal (Deuteronomy 27:4) as the site of the altar and the plastered and law-inscribed stones; but all the Hebrew authorities are against it, and the site of the cursing is fitly the site of the altar where the penalty of the curse is borne by the typical victim. The Samaritans' aim in their reading was to justify their erection of the temple on Gerizim
Ebal, Mount - Thus the law and the curse were associated with the same mountain, Deuteronomy 11:29 ; Deuteronomy 27:4,13 ; but along with these Joshua also erected an altar unto the Lord God of Israel, before the blessings on Gerizim and the curses on Ebal were rehearsed. Parties of travellers often separate themselves, some going up mount Ebal, and others on mount Gerizim, and prove that the congregation in the valley could hear the voice from both mountains
Ebal - The mountains Ebal and Gerizim were in central Canaan and stood opposite each other on either side of the town of Shechem
Jehovah Jireh - It is no valid objection that Abraham "saw the place afar off," whereas the temple mount is not conspicuous from a distance (whence Moriah is connected by some with Moreh and "the natural altar on the top of Mount Gerizim", which the Samaritans make the place of the sacrifice); for what is meant in Genesis 22:4 is only that he saw it at some little distance, as far off as the place admitted. (See Gerizim. ) The distance, two days' journey from Beersheba, would bring Abraham and his party to Jerusalem, whereas Gerizim could not be reached in three days
Ger'Izim - [2] Gerizim was the site of the Samaritan temple, which was built there after the captivity, in rivalry with the temple at Jerusalem. [3] Gerizim is still to the Samaritans what Jerusalem is to the Jews and Mecca to the Mohammedans
Ger'Zites - ( 1 Samuel 27:8 ) In the name of Mount Gerizim we have the only remaining trace of the presence of this old tribe of Bedouins in central Palestine
Gerizim - The world has beheld few scenes more awful and suggestive than when, having conquered Canaan, all the Israelites were summoned to this place, and six tribes were stationed on mount Gerizim to pronounce blessings on those who should obey God's law, and the other six on Mount Ebal to denounce curses on those who should break it; while all the people solemnly said, Deuteronomy 11:29 27:12-26 28:1-68 . ...
After the captivity, Manasseh, a seceding priest, by permission of Alexander the Great, built a temple on Gerizim, and the Samaritans joined the worship of the true God to that of their idols; "They feared the Lord, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away form thence," 2 Kings 17:33 . Herod the Great having rebuilt Samaria, and called it Sebaste, in honor of Augustus, would have compelled the Samaritans to worship in the temple which he had erected; but they constantly refused and have continued to this day to guard their sacred Scriptures, to keep the law, to pray towards their holy place on the summit of Gerizim, and to worship God there four times in the year
Zalmon - Probably the southern peak of Gerizim, now called Jebel Sulman
Moreh - It was near Shechem, Genesis 12:1-20; Genesis 6:1-22, and the mountains Ebal and Gerizim
Ebal - a celebrated mountain in the tribe of Ephraim, near Shechem, over against Mount Gerizim. Moses commanded the Israelites, as soon as they should have passed the river Jordan, to go directly to Shechem, and divide the whole multitude into two bodies, each composed of six tribes; one company to be placed on Ebal, and the other on Gerizim. The six tribes that were on Gerizim were to pronounce blessings on those who should faithfully observe the law of the Lord, and the six others on Mount Ebal were to pronounce curses against those who should violate it, Deuteronomy 11:29 , &c; 27, and 28; Joshua 8:30-31 . ...
This consecration of the Hebrew commonwealth is thought to have been performed in the following manner: The heads of the first six tribes went up to the top of Mount Gerizim, and the heads of the other six tribes to the top of Mount Ebal. When they were thus disposed in order, the priests turned toward Mount Gerizim, on the top of which were the six heads of the six tribes who were at the foot of the same mountain, and pronounced, for example, these words:— "Blessed be the man that maketh not any graven images
Moreh -
A Canaanite probably who inhabited the district south of Shechem, between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim, and gave his name to the "plain" there (Genesis 12:6 )
Moriah - The Samaritans and some modern authorities judge it to have been Gerizim; but it is unknown
Mount Gerizim - There is a great sweetness in the connexion in proof of covenant love; and I hope the reader, as oft as he calls to mind mount Gerizim, will call to recollection this view of it. The reader may find farther account of the blessings which the Lord appointed to be pronounced on mount Gerizim, Deuteronomy 27:11 and Deuteronomy 28:1-14 and the confirmation of the whole, as fulfilled by Joshua after Israel had passed over Jordan, taken Jericho and Ai, Joshua 8:33-35
Jupiter - Antiochus Epiphanes dedicated the temple at Jerusalem to this deity as Zeus Olympius, that on Gerizim to him as Zeus Xenius, the "defender of strangers
ja'Cob's Well, - ( John 4:5-26 ) It is situated about half a mile southeast of Nablus, at the foot of Mount Gerizim
Sanaballat - Manasseh being thus expelled retired to his father-in-law Sanballat, who provided him the means of exercising his priestly office on Mount Gerizim. See Gerizim and SAMARITANS
Shechem (1) - ; or on a shoulder or ridge connected with Mounts Ebal and Gerizim. Mount Gerizim is close by (Judges 9:7) on the southern side, Mount Ebal on the northern side. of Gerizim and Ebal the flue plain of Mukhna stretches from N. The suburbs in our Lord's days reached nearer the entrance of the valley between Gerizim and Ebal than now; for the narrative in John 4:30; John 4:35, implies that the people could be seen as they came from the town toward Jesus at the well, whereas Nablus now is more than a mile distant, and cannot be seen from that point. From Gerizim the blessings, and from Ebal the curses, were read (Joshua 8:33-35). 27-28) placed the Dan and Bethel of Jeroboam's calves on Mounts Ebal and Gerizim. ...
(1) The ruins below the western peak of Gerizim are still called Lozeh or Luz, the old name of Bethel; a western spur of Ebal has a site Amad ed Din, (possibly Joshua's altar on Ebal), bearing traces of the name Dan, and the hill is called Ras el Κady ("judgment" answering to the meaning of Dan). Shechem was the chief Samaritan city from the time of the setting up of the temple on Gerizim down to its destruction in 129 B. of Shechem beyond the hamlet Balata; beside a mound of ruins with fragments of granite columns on a low hill projecting from Gerizim's base in a N. of the well in the open plain, in the center of the opening between Gerizim and Ebal, is more open to doubt. foot of Gerizim
Ebal - Ebal and Gerizim are opposite each other, nearly meeting at their bases, but are a mile and a half apart at their summits
Gerizim - Gerizim . From Gerizim were pronounced the blessings attached to observance of the Law ( Joshua 8:33 ), when the Israelites formally took possession of the country
Gerizim - It should seem, that Gerizim was very near to Shechem; for Jotham, the son of Gideon, addressed the people of that city from it
Samaritans - After the battle of Issus the Samaritans offered assistance to Alexander, and were allowed to build a temple on Gerizim , where they sacrificed after the manner of the Jews though they were quite ready to repudiate Jewish origin, rite, and prejudice whenever occasion arose (see Jos. Gerizim
Ebal - (See Gerizim
Jotham (1) - Gerizim, and addressed to them the ‘Parable of the Trees’ ( Judges 9:8-20 )
Shechem - The ancient town of Shechem lay between Mt Gerizim and Mt Ebal in central Canaan (Deuteronomy 27:12-13; Judges 9:7). The blessings of the covenant were announced from Mt Gerizim on one side of the town, and the curses from Mt Ebal on the other. Shechem became the chief city of the Samaritans, and Mt Gerizim became to them a sacred mountain
Tirzah - Gerizim; and Teyasir , 11 m
Moriah - There is some similarity between the names Moriah and Moreh , the latter of which was at Shechem ( Genesis 12:6 , Deuteronomy 11:30 ), close to the hills Gerizim and Ebal. And it may have been owing to this that the Samaritans claimed Gerizim as Abraham’s mountain (cf
Shechem - A town in the valley between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim; called also Sichem, Sychem, Sychar. Two mountains parallel to each other, Ebal and Gerizim, almost meeting at their bases and only a mile and a half apart at their summits, enclose a beautiful little valley extending east and west, not more than a, hundred yards wide at the narrowest part, and widening out in both directions
Samaritans - In consequence of this refusal, and the subsequent state of enmity, the Samaritans not only took occasion to calumniate the Jews before the Persian kings, Ezra 4:4 Nehemiah 4:1-23 , but also, recurring to the directions of Moses, Deuteronomy 27:11-13 , that on entering the promised land half of the people should stand on Mount Gerizim to respond Amen to the covenant pronounced by the Levites, they erected a temple on that mountain, and instituted sacrifices according to the prescriptions of the Mosaic law, although the original altar, according to the Hebrew Scriptures, stood on Mount Ebal, Deuteronomy 27:4 Joshua 8:30-35 . The temple on Mount Gerizim was destroyed by Hyrcanus about the year 129 B. For times in each year, at the Passover, the Pentecost, the feast of Tabernacles, and the day of Expiation, they all resort to the site of their ancient temple on Mount Gerizim to worship. See Gerizim
Moriah - Some contend that Mount Gerizim is meant, but most probably we are to regard this as one of the hills of Jerusalem
Moreh - Abram's first halting place in Canaan, near Shechem and Ebal and Gerizim mountains (Genesis 12:6); here he erected his first altar
Shechem - It stood in the narrow sheltered valley between Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south, these mountains at their base being only some 500 yards apart. He "made a covenant with the people that day" at the very place where, on first entering the land, they had responded to the law from Ebal and Gerizim (Joshua 24:25 ), the terms of which were recorded "in the book of the law of God", i. It lies about a mile and a half up the valley on its southern slope, and on the north of Gerizim, which rises about 1,100 feet above it, and is about 34 miles north of Jerusalem
She'Chem -
An important city in central Palestine, in the valley between mounts Ebal and Gerizim, 34 miles north of Jerusalem and 7 miles southeast of Samaria. It lies in a sheltered valley, protected by Gerizim on the south and Ebal on the north. The bottom of the valley is about 1800 feet above the level of the sea, and the top of Gerizim 800 feet higher still. (Joshua 21:20,21 ) It acquired new importance as the scene of the renewed promulgation of the law, when its blessings were heard from Gerizim and its curses from Ebal, and the people bowed their heads and acknowledged Jehovah as their king and ruler. From the time of the origin of the Samaritans, the history of Shechem blends itself with that of this people and of their sacred mount, Gerizim. It is a small between Gerizim and Ebal
Jacob's Well - It is identified with Bir Yakub, at the base of Gerizim, 32 12' N, 35 16' E , and is one of the few spots in Palestine the identification of which has not been disputed
Samaritans - The rabbins say, they adored the figure of a dove on Mount Gerizim. From that time the worship of the Samaritans came much nearer to that of the Jews, and they afterward obtained leave of Alexander the Great to build a temple on Mount Gerizim, near the city of Samaria, in imitation of the temple at Jerusalem, where they practised the same forms of worship. When any Israelite deserved punishment on account of the violation of some important point of the law, he presently took refuge in Samaria or Shechem, and embraced the worship at the temple of Gerizim. They had a temple, or chapel, on Mount Gerizim, where they performed their sacrifices. In the first of these answers, written in the name of the assembly of Israel, in Egypt, they declare that they celebrate the passover every year, on the fourteenth day of the first month, on Mount Gerizim, and that he who then did the office of high priest was called Eleazar, a descendant of Phinehas, son of Aaron. They add, that they begin the feast of the passover with the sacrifice appointed for that purpose in Exodus; that they sacrifice no where else but on Mount Gerizim; that they observe the feasts of harvest, the expiation, the tabernacles, &c
mo'Reh - (Genesis 12:6 ) close to the mountains of Ebal and Gerizim
Issachar - After the entrance into the Promised Land, this tribe was one of the six which stood on Gerizim during the ceremony of the blessing and cursing (Deuteronomy 27:12 )
Vale - of Gerizim, and between Gerizim and Ebal, and between Gilboa and Little Hermon the undulating and English like valley of Jezreel
Moriah - (See JEHOVAH JIREH; Gerizim. Abraham saw Moriah at some little distance (Genesis 22:4) on the third day; the distance, two days' journey from Beersheba, would just bring him to Zion, but not so far as Moreh and Gerizim (Genesis 12:6) where some fix Moriah
Samaritans - The enmity was increased by the erection of a rival temple on Mount Gerizim, where the Samaritans offered sacrifices according to the Mosaic law, referring to Deuteronomy 27:11-13, as proof that this was the proper site for the temple
Samaritan Pentateuch - Some of these interpolations serve to illustrate the text; others are a kind of paraphrase, expressing at length what was only hinted at in the original; and others, again, such as favour their pretensions against the Jews; namely, the putting Gerizim for Ebal. Besides the Pentateuch in Phoenician characters, there is another in the language which was spoken at the time that Manasseh, first high priest of the temple of Gerizim, and son-in-law of Sanballat, governor of Samaria, under the king of Persia, took shelter among the Samaritans
Jacob's Well - On a low slope of Mount Gerizim, at the opening of the valley of Shechem, from which it is one mile and a half distant eastward, with the grainfields of the plain of El Mukna in front. Hence, appears the appropriateness of the allusions "our fathers worshipped in this mountain," namely, Gerizim, whereon the Samaritan temple stood (John 4:20); "lift up your eyes, and look on the fields, for they are white already to harvest" (John 4:25)
Shechem - A city of central Canaan, between the mountains Gerizim and Ebal, thirty-four miles north of Jerusalem; called also Sychar and Sychem, Acts 7:16 . ...
The valley of Shechem extends several miles northwest between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim, and is about five hundred yards wide; so that in the pure and elastic air of Palestine the two mountains are within hailing distance of each other, one circumstance among thousands evincing the exact truthfulness of Bible narratives, Deuteronomy 27:11-14 Judges 9:7 . " The modern town has several long and narrow streets, partly on the base of Mount Gerizim. On Mount Gerizim is the holy place of the Samaritans, and the ruins of a strong fortress erected by Justinian. The journey of our Lord from Judea into Galilee; the cause of it; his passage through the territory of Samaria; his approach to the metropolis of this country; its name; his arrival at the Amorite field which terminates the narrow valley of Sychem; the ancient custom of halting at a well; the female employment of drawing water; the disciples sent into the city for food, by which its situation out of the town is obviously implied; the question of the woman referring to existing prejudices which separated the Jews from the Samaritans; the depth of the well; the oriental allusion contained in the expression, living water;' the history of the well, and the customs thereby illustrated; the worship upon Mount Gerizim; all these occur within the space of twenty verses
Shechem - Its situation was between Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal, and it lay on the Roman road from Jerusalem to Galilee
Samar'Itans - 409, a certain Manasseh, a man of priestly lineage, on being expelled from Jerusalem by nehemiah for an unlawful marriage, obtained permission from the Persian king of his day, Darius Nothus, to build a temple on Mount Gerizim for the Samaritans, with whom he had found refuge. Their own temple on Gerizim they considered to be much superior to that at Jerusalem. Such were the Samaritans of our Lord's day; a people distinct from the jews, though lying in the very midst of the Jews; a people preserving their identity, though seven centuries had rolled away since they had been brought from Assyria by Esar-haddon, and though they had abandoned their polytheism for a sort of ultra Mosaicism; a people who, though their limits had gradually contracted and the rallying-place of their religion on Mount Gerizim had been destroyed one hundred and sixty years before by John Hyrcanus (B
Samaritans - They erected a rival temple on Mount Gerizim, which was, however, destroyed by a Jewish king (B
Well - —The one well mentioned in the Gospels is that of Jacob, near ancient Shechem, under the northern cliffs of Gerizim
Jotham - , the stone set up by Joshua, 24:26; Compare Genesis 35:4 ) "that was in Shechem, to make Abimelech king," from one of the heights of Mount Gerizim he protested against their doing so in the earliest parable, that of the bramble-king
Commandments, the Ten - The Samaritans add to the second that Gerizim is the mount of worship
Samaritans - But though they were united in religion, they were not so in affection with the Jews; for they employed various calumnies and stratagems to hinder their rebuilding the temple of Jerusalem; and when they could not prevail, they erected a temple on Mount Gerizim, in opposition to that of Jerusalem
Samaritan Pentateuch, - ...
That it was introduced by Manasseh at the time of the foundation of the Samaritan sanctuary on Mount Gerizim
Gerizim - For centuries Gerizim was the centre of political outbreaks
Gilgal -
From the solemn transaction of the reading of the law in the valley of Shechem between Ebal and Gerizim the Israelites moved forward to Gilgal, and there made a permanent camp (Joshua 9:6 ; 10:6 )
Jacob's Well - It is at the entrance to the valley between Ebal and Gerizim, about 2 miles south-east of Shechem
Samaritan Pentateuch - To His honour I have written this holy law at the entrance of the tabernacle of testimony on Mount Gerizim, Beth El, in the 13th year of taking possession of Canaan . to make Mount Gerizim the place of worship appointed by God to Moses), or...
(3) to remove obscurities and imperfections by repetitions or newly invented and inapt phrases and words. In Deuteronomy 27:4 Samaritan substitutes Gerizim for Ebal. 11:8, section 2,4) at the founding of the temple on Mount Gerizim, for which theory are urged the idolatry of the Samaritans before they received an Israelite priest through Esarhaddon (2 Kings 17:24-33) and the great number of readings common to Septuagint and Samaritan against the Masoretic Hebrew text; or...
(3) that Esarhaddon's priest took the Pentateuch to Samaria with him
Moreh, - The same spot may be indicated by the terebinths of Moreh ( Deuteronomy 11:30 ), mentioned as indicating the position of Ebal and Gerizim
Deuteronomy - " Then follow the several curses to be pronounced by the Levites on Ebal, (27:14-26) and the blessings on Gerizim
Jotham - Upon the latter being made king, Jotham from Mount Gerizim, which rises 800 ft
Sychar - edge of the plain, at the foot of Gerizim
Gilgal - 1; but it seems closely connected with Ebal and Gerizim
Mount, Mountain - (3) They were used as platforms , for addressing large crowds of people, as in the famous ceremony at Ebal and Gerizim ( Joshua 8:30 ff
Nehemiah - This voluntary exile of a number of discontented priests may have given occasion to the building of the temple on Mount Gerizim, and the establishment of the Samaritan worship
Samaria, Samaritans - The breach became irrevocable when a rival priesthood and temple were set up on Gerizim. After repeated successes against their ally and protector Antiochus Cyzicenus, he took Samaria, ravaged the country, subdued the Cuthaeans who dwelt about the temple at Gerizim, and destroyed their temple (Ant. 1), the disputes being, as usual, regarding the relative merits of Jerusalem and Gerizim. An Israelite might circumeise a Cuthaean, but the contrary was not permitted, as it might then be done in the name of Gerizim (Jerus. They were, indeed, accused by the Rabbis of worshipping a dove on Gerizim (Cholin 6a), and also of worshipping the idols Jacob buried (Genesis 35:4) under the oak of Moreh (Ber. They observe all the Mosaic feasts; and, in accordance with their reading of the Law, they go three times a year to Gerizim for the feasts of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, and at such times practically the whole community lives in the mountain. The usual order is that seven days before the Passover the whole community camps out on the top of Gerizim in the neighbourhood of the sacred rock, which they regard as the site of their ancient temple. From the Jews they adopted the synagogue system; and, apart from the feast days kept on Gerizim, all their worship is conducted in Kenîset es-Sâmiré, the synagogue of the Samaritans, in the S. 7) we find the substitution of ‘Gerizim’ for ‘Ebal,’ and at the close of the Decalogue in both Exodus 20:17 and Deuteronomy 5:21 a long passage is inserted—...
‘And it shall be when the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanite, whither thou goest in to possess it, thou shalt set up for thyself great stones, and thou shalt plaster them with lime, and thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law; and it shall be when ye pass over Jordan, ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, on Mount Gerizim, and thou shalt build there an altar to the Lord thy God, and thou shalt offer upon it sacrifices to the Lord thy God, and thou shalt sacrifices peace-offerings, and thou shalt eat there, and rejoice before the Lord thy God
Gaal - Already they had "set liers in wait for Abimelech in the tops of the mountains" (Ebal and Gerizim, between which Shechem was situated), who robbed all passers by
Samaria - Manasseh, of priestly descent, having been expelled for an unlawful marriage by Nehemiah, built a temple on Mount Gerizim for the Samaritans by Darius Nothus' permission. John Hyrcanus destroyed the Gerizim temple, but they still directed their worship toward it; then they built one at Shechem. (See them in Eichhorn's Repertorium, 13) At Nablus (Shechem, or Sychar) the Samaritans have a settlement of 200 persons still, observing the law, and celebrating the Passover on Gerizim
Samaria - Gerizim was begun by a renegade Jewish priest-Manasseh the high priest’s brother-who had married a Cuthaean satrap’s daughter (Ant. Gerizim belonged to Almighty God,’ and petitioned ‘Antiochus, the god Epiphanes,’ to permit them to name it ‘the temple of Jupiter Hellenius’ (ib. Gathered on the top of Gerizim, a company of them preferred death to surrender, and 11,600 are said to have been cut to pieces by Vespasian’s fifth legion (Bellum Judaicum (Josephus) III. Gerizim, ‘the oldest and the smallest sect in the world’ (A
Sandals - On the summit of Mount Gerizim, the Samaritans who accompanied Dr
Sandal - So the priests in the temple officiated barefoot; so the Mahometans of Palestine before entering a mosque or the Kaaba at Mecca, and the Mesopotamian Yezidis before entering the tomb of a patron saint, and the Samaritans before treading Mount Gerizim
Samaritans - Josephus speaks of him as Manasseh, and relates that Sanballat built a temple for him at Gerizim, which became a refuge for apostate Jews
Asher, Aser - When Moses ordained that certain of the tribes should stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people, and certain others on Mount Ebal to curse, Asher was one of those chosen to stand on the latter
Pilate, Pontius - ” Pilate was finally removed from office as the result of a similar outrage against Samaritan worshipers who had gathered on Mount Gerizim, their holy mountain, to view some sacred vessels which they believed Moses had buried there
Joseph - It is a low stone enclosure, and stands in quiet seclusion among high trees, at the western entrance of the valley of Shechem, at the right of the traveller's path and nearer mount Ebal than mount Gerizim
Hour - ”...
In His conversation with the woman at Sychar (John 4:1-42 ) Jesus referred again to a coming “hour” (John 4:21 ,John 4:21,4:23 ), a time when Jerusalem and Gerizim, the holy sites of Jews and Samaritans, respectively, would lose their significance, for worship—would be “in Spirit and truth. Thus far in the narrative, the reader has heard of Jesus' coming “hour” in which His glory will be manifested, Jerusalem and Gerizim will lose their significance, and life will be provided for the dead
Gilgal - In Deuteronomy 11:30 Moses, speaking of the mounts of Gerizim and Ebal, asks "Are they not
Jacob's Well - The journey of our Lord from Judea into Galilee; the cause of it; his passage through the territory of Samaria; his approach to the metropolis of that country; its name; his arrival at the Amorite field, which terminates the narrow valley of Sichem; the ancient custom of halting at a well; the female employment of drawing water; the disciples sent into the city for food, by which its situation out of the town is so obviously implied; the question of the woman referring to existing prejudices which separated the Jews from the Samaritans; the depth of the well; the oriental allusion contained in the expression, "living water;" the history of the well, and the customs illustrated by it; the worship upon Mount Gerizim:—all these occur within the space of twenty verses; and if to these be added that remarkable circumstance mentioned in the fifty-first verse of the chapter, where it is stated that as he was now going down, his servants met him," his whole route from Cana being a continual descent toward Capernaum, we may consider it as a record, signally confirmed in its veracity by circumstances, which remain in indelible character, to give them evidence, to this day
Jacob's Well - edge of the plain of Mukhneh, and passing under the slopes of Gerizim, enters the wide bay forming the approach to the Vale of Nâblus
Hasmonean - He forcibly converted the Idumeans, who were traditional enemies of ancient Judaism, by demanding circumcision, and he profoundly alienated Judean Jews and Samaritan Jews by attacking Samaria and the Samaritan Temple at Mount Gerizim
Hilkiah - ; just as Joshua (Joshua 8:32-35) did at Ebal and Gerizim
Mountains - The mount of the Transfiguration still shines with the glory of the truths there taught, and Mounts Ebal and Gerizim still echo the curses and the blessings once so solemnly pronounced from them
Melchizedek - Gerizim and not far from Shechem; (2) with the Salim of John 3:23 in the Jordan Valley S
Samaria, Samaritans - ...
The Jewish inhabitants of Samaria identified Mount Gerizim as the chosen place of God and the only center of worship, calling it the “navel of the earth” because of a tradition that Adam sacrificed there
Stand - With “to” the verb can signify being in a certain place to accomplish a predesignated task—so Moses said that certain tribes should “stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people” ( Sychar - Ebal and Gerizim to Shechem, 1 1/2 miles E Wells And Springs - Close at hand is mount Gerizim, which the woman of Sychar no doubt glanced at as she said, "Our fathers worshipped in this mountain
Joshua - over against Gerizim. (See Gerizim
Samuel - ...
This victory over the Philistines was followed by a long period of peace for Israel (1 Samuel 7:13,14 ), during which Samuel exercised the functions of judge, going "from year to year in circuit" from his home in Ramah to Bethel, thence to Gilgal (not that in the Jordan valley, but that which lay to the west of Ebal and Gerizim), and returning by Mizpeh to Ramah
Pilate - Having led troops against and defeated the Samaritans, who revolted under a leader promising to show the treasures which Moses was thought to have hid in Mount Gerizim, he was accused before Vitellius, chief governor of Syria, and sent to Rome to answer before Caesar
Alexander - The Samaritans who escaped this calamity, retired to Sichem, at the foot of mount Gerizim, which afterward became their capital
Palestine - The bright light and transparent air enable one from the top of Tabor, Gerizim or Bethel at once to see Moab on the E. , 2,650; Bethel, 2,400; Ebal and Gerizim, 2,700; Little Hermon and Tabor, N. " The panoramic views from many hills, trodden by patriarchs, prophets, and heroes, as Olivet, Bethel, Gerizim, Carmel, Tabor, etc
Palestine - Several notable mountains such as Gerizim (2,890 feet), Ebal (3,083), and Gilboa (1,640 feet) dominate the area. ...
The valley between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim was a central location, apparently providing the perfect point from which a united nation could have been governed
Ephraim (1) - In it were Shechem, Jacob's original settlement, "his parcel of ground" and well; Ebal and Gerizim, the mounts of cursing and blessing; and Shiloh, the seat of the sanctuary until the time of Eli
Issachar - Israel was appointed to stand on Gerizim to bless (Deuteronomy 27:12)
Abraham - Passing along the valley of the Jabbok, in the land of Canaan, he formed his first encampment at Sichem (Genesis 12:6 ), in the vale or oak-grove of Moreh, between Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south
Canaan - From this plain the land again rises towards the south; mount Gerizim being 2,300 feet, Jerusalem 2,400, and Hebron 2,600 above the sea
Pilate - Gerizim, and a band of armed men escorted thither an impostor who promised to reveal them
Simeon - Simeon stands first of the tribes appointed to bless the people on Mount Gerizim (Deuteronomy 27:12)
High Place, Sanctuary - From OT the names of Horeb (or Sinai), the ‘mountain of God’ ( Exodus 3:1 ), of Ebal and Gerizim, of Carmel and Tabor ( Hosea 5:1 ), at once suggest themselves as sanctuaries where the Hebrews worshipped their God
Abraham - Scripture records nothing further than that his chief servant was Eliezer of Damascus; he pursued Chedorlaomer to Hobah, on the left of Damascus, subsequently (Genesis 14:15), Abraham entered Canaan along the valley of the Jabbok, and encamped first in the rich Moreh valley, near Sichem, between mounts Ebal and Gerizim
James - to announce His Messiahship, which He did not conceal in Samaria as in Judaea and Galilee: John 4:26; Luke 9:54), because His face was as though He would go to Jerusalem, whereas they expected the Messiah would confirm their anti-Jewish worship in the mount Gerizim temple
Jacob - To Joseph himself was promised, as a token of special affection, the conquered districts of Shechem on the lower slopes of Gerizim ( Genesis 48:22 , John 4:5 )
Old Testament - Being pagan, they probably had the Pentateuch first introduced among them from Judah by Manasseh and other priests who joined them at the time of the building of the Mount Gerizim temple
Judea - Its principal cities were Samaria, the capital of the kingdom of Israel, north of Sichem, and equally distant from Jordan and the sea coast, afterward named Sebaste by Herod, in honour of Augustus; Jezrael, or Esdraelon, about four leagues north from Samaria; Sichem, or Sychar, called by the Romans Neapolis, eight miles south of Samaria, in a valley between the mountains Gerizim and Ebal; Bethsan, called by the Greek writers Scythopolis, about twenty miles north-east of Sichem; Caesarea of Palestine, anciently called Turris Stratonis, greatly enlarged by Herod, and long the principal city of the province, about nineteen leagues north north-west from Jerusalem; Dora, now Tartura, nine miles north from Caesarea, on the road to Tyre; Apollonia, now Arzuf, on the sea coast, twenty-two miles south of Caesarea; and Hadadrimmon, afterward called Maximianopolis, about seventeen miles eastward of Caesarea
Canaan - The other mountains of note are, Carmel, Tabor, Ebal, and Gerizim, and the mountains of Gilboa, Gilead, and Abarim; with the summits of the latter, Nebo and Pisgah: a description of which will be found under their respective heads
Abram - Abraham, leading his tribe, first settled at Sechem, a valley between the mountains Ebal and Gerizim, where God appeared to him and promised to give him the land of Canaan, and where, as in other places in which he remained any time, he built an altar to the Lord
Messiah - Gerizim
Jews - Judas Maccabaeus and his brothers were so successful, by their valour and conduct, in asserting the liberty of their country, that in a few years they not only recovered its independence, but regained almost all the possessions of the twelve tribes, destroying at the same time the temple on Mount Gerizim, in Samaria