What does Ezekiel mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
לִֽיחֶזְקֵ֖אל son of Buzi and a priest and prophet; author of the book by his name; taken captive with Jehoiachin and exiled in Babylon where he prophesied for the next 22 years. 1
יְחֶזְקֵ֨אל son of Buzi and a priest and prophet; author of the book by his name; taken captive with Jehoiachin and exiled in Babylon where he prophesied for the next 22 years. 1
יְחֶזְקֵ֤אל son of Buzi and a priest and prophet; author of the book by his name; taken captive with Jehoiachin and exiled in Babylon where he prophesied for the next 22 years. 1

Definitions Related to Ezekiel

H3168


   1 son of Buzi and a priest and prophet; author of the book by his name; taken captive with Jehoiachin and exiled in Babylon where he prophesied for the next 22 years.
   2 a priest in charge of the 20th course in the time of David.
   Additional Information: Ezekiel or Jehezekel = “God strengthens”.
   

Frequency of Ezekiel (original languages)

Frequency of Ezekiel (English)

Dictionary

Chabad Knowledge Base - Ezekiel
(a) (5th century BCE) He prophesied during the Babylonian exile, encouraging the Jews to remain steadfast to Judaism despite their hardships. His famous prophecies include his vision of the Merkavah, a detailed description of the Third Holy Temple, and the vision of the valley of dry bones. (b) A common Jewish first name.
Ezekiel, the Book of: The book of Tanach containing Ezekiel's prophecies, including his vision of the Merkavah, a detailed description of the Third Holy Temple, and the vision of the valley of dry bones.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel, Book of
Consists mainly of three groups of prophecies. After an account of his call to the prophetical office ((1-3:21),), Ezekiel (1) utters words of denunciation against the Jews (3:22-24), warning them of the certain destruction of Jerusalem, in opposition to the words of the false prophets (4:1-3). The symbolical acts, by which the extremities to which Jerusalem would be reduced are described in ch. 4,5, show his intimate acquaintance with the Levitical legislation. (See Exodus 22:30 ; Deuteronomy 14:21 ; Leviticus 5:2 ; 7:18,24 ; 17:15 ; 19:7 ; 22:8 , etc.)
Prophecies against various surrounding nations: against the Ammonites (Ezekiel 25:1-7 ), the Moabites (8-11), the Edomites (12-14), the Philistines (15-17), Tyre and Sidon (26-28), and against Egypt (29-32).
Prophecies delivered after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar: the triumphs of Israel and of the kingdom of God on earth (Ezekiel 33-39 ); Messianic times, and the establishment and prosperity of the kingdom of God (40;48). The closing visions of this book are referred to in the book of Revelation (Ezekiel 38 =Rev 38=20:8 ; Eze Ezekiel 22:1,2 ). Other references to this book are also found in the New Testament. (Compare Romans 2:24 with Ezekiel 36:2 ; Romans 10:5 , Galatians 3:12 with Ezekiel 20:11 ; 2 Peter 3:4 with Ezekiel 12:22 .)
It may be noted that Daniel, fourteen years after his deportation from Jerusalem, is mentioned by (Ezekiel 14:14 ) along with Noah and Job as distinguished for his righteousness, and some five years later he is spoken of as pre-eminent for his wisdom (28:3).
Ezekiel's prophecies are characterized by symbolical and allegorical representations, "unfolding a rich series of majestic visions and of colossal symbols." There are a great many also of "symbolcal actions embodying vivid conceptions on the part of the prophet" (4:1-4; 5:1-4; 12:3-6; 24:3-5; 37:16, etc.) "The mode of representation, in which symbols and allegories occupy a prominent place, gives a dark, mysterious character to the prophecies of Ezekiel. They are obscure and enigmatical. A cloudy mystery overhangs them which it is almost impossible to penetrate. Jerome calls the book 'a labyrith of the mysteries of God.' It was because of this obscurity that the Jews forbade any one to read it till he had attained the age of thirty."
Ezekiel is singular in the frequency with which he refers to the Pentateuch (e.g., Ezekiel 27 ; 28:13 ; 31:8 ; 36:11,34 ; 47:13 , etc.). He shows also an acquaintance with the writings of Hosea (Ezekiel 37:22 ), Isaiah (Ezekiel 8:12 ; 29:6 ), and especially with those of Jeremiah, his older contemporary (Jeremiah 24:7,9 ; 48:37 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel
God will strengthen.
1 Chronicles 24:16 , "Jehezekel."
One of the great prophets, the son of Buzi the priest (Ezekiel 1:3 ). He was one of the Jewish exiles who settled at Tel-Abib, on the banks of the Chebar, "in the land of the Chaldeans." He was probably carried away captive with Jehoiachin (1:2; 2 Kings 24:14-16 ) about B.C. 597. His prophetic call came to him "in the fifth year of Jehoiachin's captivity" (B.C. 594). He had a house in the place of his exile, where he lost his wife, in the ninth year of his exile, by some sudden and unforeseen stroke (Ezekiel 8:1 ; 24:18 ). He held a prominent place among the exiles, and was frequently consulted by the elders (8:1; 11:25; 14:1; 20:1). His ministry extended over twenty-three years (29:17), B.C. 595-573, during part of which he was contemporary with (Daniel 14:14 ; 28:3 ) and Jeremiah, and probably also with Obadiah. The time and manner of his death are unknown. His reputed tomb is pointed out in the neighbourhood of Bagdad, at a place called Keffil.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel
(e zee' kih ehl) Personal name meaning, “God will strengthen.” A sixth-century B.C. prophet during the Babylonian Exile, son of Buzi (Ezekiel 1:3 ), and priest as well as prophet. He was taken captive to Babylon in 597 B.C. by King Nebuchadnezzar along with King Jehoiachin and 10,000 others, including political and military leaders and skilled craftsmen (2 Kings 24:14-16 ). He lived in his own house at Tel-Abib near the river Chebar, an irrigation canal that channeled the waters of the Euphrates River into the surrounding arid region. Ezekiel's call came in 593 B.C., the “thirtieth year” (Ezekiel 1:1 ), probably Ezekiel's age (though it has been interpreted as 30 years since the discovery of the law book in 622,30 years since Jehoiachin's imprisonment, or a system of Babylonian chronology).
Scholars have long debated whether Ezekiel was in Babylon or Jerusalem during his ministry. The book bearing his name points unmistakably to a Babylonian locale (Ezekiel 1:1-3 ; Ezekiel 3:15 ; Ezekiel 8:1-3 ; Ezekiel 33:21 ). However, it has been argued that since most of the messages were addressed to the people of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 16:2 ; Ezekiel 21:2 ; Ezekiel 22:2 ), it would have been meaningless to deliver them to the exiles. Also, some believe his intimate knowledge of events in Jerusalem (for example, his description of worship practices in the Temple, Ezekiel 8:1-18 ; Pelatiah's death, Ezekiel 11:13 ) would require that he was in Jerusalem. To resolve the difficulties, some have suggested that he was in Babylon part of the time and in Jerusalem at other times.
All objections to the Babylonian locale can be answered satisfactorily, however. Prophets frequently delivered messages for audiences not present (for example, the messages against foreign nations as in Ezekiel 25-32 ). Furthermore, the genuine visionary experience (through which Ezekiel claimed to receive his knowledge) cannot be dismissed arbitrarily. Of course, visitors from Jerusalem could have kept him informed about events at home and carried his messages back when they returned. Therefore, there is no need to reject Babylon as the location of Ezekiel's entire ministry.
Ezekiel was married, but little else is known about his family life. His wife died suddenly during the siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 24:18 ). Ezekiel continued to preach until at least 571 B.C. (Ezekiel 29:17 ). His ministry can be divided into two phases: (1) 593-587, characterized by warnings of coming judgment on Judah and Jerusalem, and (2) 587-571, a period characterized by messages of encouragement and hope for the future.
It is not known when Ezekiel died or the manner of his death. An ancient Jewish tradition says he was put to death by his own people because of his preaching. A tomb in Kifl, south of ancient Babylon, is claimed to be that of Ezekiel. His influence on later Judaism cannot be overemphasized. Some have insisted that he was “the father of Judaism” rather than Ezra.
Much has been written about Ezekiel's personality. He has been labeled neurotic, paranoid, psychotic, or schizophrenic because of his unusual behavior (for example, lying on one side for 390 days and on the other for 40 days, Ezekiel 4:4-6 ; shaving off his hair, Ezekiel 5:1-4 ; and his many visions). A better explanation for his strange behavior is that anyone who conscientiously obeys God will be considered “strange” by some people. Nothing God asked Ezekiel to do seemed too difficult. Only once was he reluctant to obey a command that would have made him ceremonially unclean (Ezekiel 4:14 ). His objection reflected his priestly training.
Historical Background Ezekiel lived in a time of international crisis and conflict. Assyria had become the undisputed world power in the Ancient Near East during the reign of Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 B.C.). Her smaller neighbors, including Israel and Judah, survived by paying her tribute. However, in 724Israel tried to throw off Assyria's yoke. After a three-year siege of Samaria by the Assyrians, Israel capitulated and ceased to exist as a nation. Many of her inhabitants were deported, and other subjugated peoples were moved into the area (2 Kings 17:20-24 ). With the death of the last of Assyria's able rulers, Ashurbanipal, in 627, the once great empire began to disintegrate. Babylonia under Nabopolassar took advantage of Assyria's weakness and asserted her independence in 626. In 612, Nineveh surrendered to the Babylonians, marking the demise of the once great Assyrian power, although pockets of resistance held out for several years.
In 605, a showdown between Egypt and Babylonia at Carchemish established Babylonia as the dominant world power. Judah was able to maintain her independence by transferring her allegiance to Babylonia. During the last century of her existence, Judah was governed by a succession of wicked kings, with one exception. Josiah (640-609 B.C.) was deeply committed to God and instituted sweeping religious reforms during his reign (2 Kings 23:1-25 ). His son Jehoahaz was deposed by the Egyptians after a three-months' rule and was succeeded by another son, Jehoiakim (609-598 B.C.), who rebelled against his Babylonian overlords. Nebuchadnezzar led an army to quell the insurrection. During the crisis that followed, Jehoiakim died or perhaps was killed by those in his own court. His son Jehoiachin (598-597 B.C.) was taken as prisoner to Babylon after a three-months' rule, along with Ezekiel and others. The last of Judah's kings, Zedekiah (597-587 B.C.), did not heed the warnings of Ezekiel and Jeremiah. He also rebelled, and Nebuchadnezzar led an army that besieged Jerusalem for eighteen months before the city fell.
Difficulties with Understanding the Book The messages of Ezekiel are not easy to understand because of their frequent use of symbolic imagery. The modern reader is not alone in struggling to understand Ezekiel. There is evidence of opposition to the book for liturgical purposes and public reading that continued into the first century A.D., although it had been recognized as part of the canon for several centuries. At one time those under age 30 were not allowed to read the first chapter and 2 Kings 40-48 . Rabbi ben Hezekiah burned 300 jars of “midnight oil” in an attempt to harmonize the text. He concluded that he had solved all its problems. It was popularly believed that all the difficulties of the book would finally be resolved when Elijah returned.
History of Ezekiel Studies For centuries few questions were raised about the authenticity of Ezekiel's messages. At the end of the nineteenth century critics who questioned the unity of most other Old Testament books were still reluctant to question the unity of Ezekiel.
The most radical challenge to traditional authorship was first expressed by Gustav Holscher in 1924. He concluded that only 170 of the 1,273 verses of the book were authentic. In 1930, C. C. Torrey denied the entire book to the sixth-century prophet, arguing that it was composed in 230 B.C. For the next two decades other scholars joined in dissecting the book. However, beginning in the 1950s, the negative assessment of the book was reversed so that today most scholars acknowledge its unity.
Influence of Ezekiel on the New Testament Allusions to Ezekiel in the New Testament are found most prominently in the Gospel of John and the Book of Revelation. Jesus' presentation of Himself as the Good Shepherd in John 10:1 surely was intended as a contrast to the wicked shepherd in Ezekiel 34:1 . His comparison of Himself to the vine in John 15:1 may have had in mind the parable of the vine of Ezekiel 15:1 .
Allusions to Ezekiel are found more frequently in the Book of Revelation than any other New Testament book. The living creatures of Ezekiel 1:1 reappear in Revelation 4:6-9 . The throne of God (Ezekiel 1:26-28 ) is described similarly in Revelation 4:2-3 . “Gog, the land of Magog” (Ezekiel 38:2 ) becomes “Gog and Magog” in Revelation 20:8 . The Temple vision of Ezekiel 40-48 has several parallels in Revelation 21-22 , with its focus on the Holy City Jerusalem and the river flowing from the throne of God.
Jesus' frequent reference to Himself as the Son of man is generally considered to have its origin in Daniel 7:13 , but he may have appropriated it from the 93 times God addressed Ezekiel as “son of man.”
Stylistic Characteristics of Ezekiel The Book of Ezekiel has been described by scholars as an artistic masterpiece. It contains a number of distinctive stylistic characteristics. Less than 10 percent of the messages are in a poetic format as compared to the frequent use of poetry in Isaiah and Jeremiah. A number of phrases are repeated frequently “Son of man,” 93 times; “they/you will know that I am the Lord,” 66 times; “the word of the Lord came to me,” 49 times). The entire book is written in the first person with the exception of Ezekiel 1:2-3 .
Few other books in the Old Testament contain such a rich blend of symbolic actions, visions, figurative speech, and allegories to communicate God's messages. There are at least 11 symbolic acts performed by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 3:26-27 ; Ezekiel 4:1-3 ,Ezekiel 4:1-3,4:4-8 ,Ezekiel 4:4-8,4:9-17 ; Ezekiel 5:1-4 ; Ezekiel 12:1-16 ,Ezekiel 12:1-16,12:17-20 ; Ezekiel 21:6 ,Ezekiel 21:6,21:18-23 ; Ezekiel 24:15-24 ; Ezekiel 37:15-23 ). Visions form the content of 17 of the 48 chapters (1-3; 8-11; Ezekiel 37:1-14 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ). The imaginative use of figurative language was characteristic of Ezekiel (the watchman, Ezekiel 3:17-21 ; Ezekiel 33:1-9 ; a refining furnace, Ezekiel 22:17-22 ; Tyre as a merchant ship, Ezekiel 27:1-36 ; Pharaoh as a crocodile, Ezekiel 29:2-5 ). Ezekiel proclaimed many messages by means of allegory (Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 16:1-63 ; Ezekiel 17:1-24 ; Ezekiel 23:1-49 ; Ezekiel 24:3-14 ).
Contents of the Book There are four major divisions of the book:
1. Messages of judgment on Judah and Jerusalem, Ezekiel 1:1-24:27
2. Messages of judgment on other nations, Ezekiel 25:1-32:32
3. Messages of coming restoration of Israel, Ezekiel 33:1-39:29
4. A vision of the restored people of God, Ezekiel 40:1-48:35
God first appeared to Ezekiel in a storm cloud seated on a throne surrounded by cherubim (Ezekiel 1:1-28 ; Ezekiel 10:15 ). He commissioned Ezekiel to go to an “impudent children and stiffhearted” (Ezekiel 2:4 ) and gave him a scroll to eat (Ezekiel 3:1-3 ), symbolizing his complete identification with God's Word.
After Ezekiel returned to the exiles in Tel-Abib, God spoke to him again, addressing him as “watchman” (Ezekiel 3:17 ) as a reminder of his responsibility to His people. God imposed silence on him for the next seven and one half years so that he could not speak unless he had a message from God (Ezekiel 3:26-27 ; Ezekiel 33:21-22 ).
Ezekiel's ministry began with the performance of a series of symbolic acts, all designed to communicate God's warnings of the coming siege of Jerusalem and the scattering of its people (Ezekiel 4:1-5:17 ). Ezekiel 8-11 contain an extended vision that took Ezekiel to Jerusalem where he saw abominable worship practices in the Temple ( Ezekiel 8:1-18 ).
Ezekiel pronounced woes on the false prophets and prophetesses who were leading the people astray (Ezekiel 13:1-23 ). However, he did not exempt each individual from his or her responsibility before God (Ezekiel 18:1-32 ). God told Ezekiel not to weep when his wife died during the siege of Jerusalem to communicate to the people that God's sympathy for His disobedient people was exhausted (Ezekiel 24:16-17 , Ezekiel 24:22-24 ).
Along with all the prophets except Hosea, Ezekiel did not limit his messages to the covenant people. Ezekiel 25-32 contain a series of messages against the surrounding nations. Though seemingly unrelated to the prophet's task of warning his own people, these messages served as solemn warnings that the covenant people could not expect to escape punishment if God would also punish nations which did not acknowledge Him.
After Jerusalem fell, Ezekiel changed the emphasis of his messages. There was no longer need for warning of impending punishment. Instead, the devastated nation needed encouragement that there was hope for the future. Therefore, the rest of the book, beginning with Ezekiel 33:1 , contains mainly messages of hope. The vision of the valley of dry bones dramatically proclaimed the future resurrection of the nation (Ezekiel 37:1-14 ). The prophecies concerning Gog of the land of Magog gave assurance that God would protect His people from their enemies (Ezekiel 38:1-39:29 ).
The closing vision of the restored community announced hope for God's people in the future (Ezekiel 40:1-48:35 ). These chapters are interpreted by some to be a literal description of the Temple to be rebuilt after the Exile, by some as an allegorical picture of the church, by others as a literal temple to be rebuilt as part of the fulfillment of the dispensational premillennial interpretation of Daniel's seventieth week (Daniel 9:2-27 ), and by others as an example of apocalyptic language to describe God's coming kingdom in understandable terms of the destruction of wickedness and the establishment of a sanctified people in whose midst God would dwell.
Major Themes Prominent themes of the book include God's presence (Ezekiel 1:26-28 ; Ezekiel 48:35 ), the sovereign authority of God over all nations (Israel as well as pagan nations), individual responsibility (Ezekiel 18:1-32 ), righteousness (Ezekiel 18:5-9 ), submission to God as the key to blessing (Ezekiel 9:4 ; Ezekiel 16:60-63 ; Ezekiel 18:30-32 ; Ezekiel 36:22-38 ), and hope for the future of the people of God (37–48).
Outline
I. Introduction: Yahweh's Glory Watches Over the Captives in Babylon (Ezekiel 1:1-28 ).
II. The Glory Brings Divine Judgment on Israel. (Ezekiel 2:1-24:27 )
A. By calling Ezekiel to be a prophet (Ezekiel 2:1-3:27 )
B. By predicting the fall of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 4:1-5:17 )
C. By condemning Jerusalem's idolatry and sins (Ezekiel 6:1-7:27 )
D. By describing and explaining why the Glory departed from the city (Ezekiel 8:1-11:Ezekiel, Theology of
Ezekiel and his contemporaries confronted what for the Israelites was the most traumatic possible challenge to their faith: the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple. It is difficult for the contemporary Protestant to grasp the significance of this theological catastrophe. Perhaps the best we can do is imagine the impact it would have on Muslims if Mecca were to disappear under the mushroom cloud of an atomic warhead, or conceive how at a loss Roman Catholics would feel if the ground opened and swallowed the Vatican. Israel suffered at least as much confusion when they saw the temple of Yahweh go up in flames.
Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, was probably born around 622 b.c. He was taken captive to Babylonia in 597 along with other prominent Jerusalemites. He settled near the "Kebar River" between Babylon and Nippur, and at age thirty was called to the prophetic office (so
taking 1:1). From this vantage point, he watched the demise of Jerusalem around 586 b.c.
Israel, it seems, had come to feel that their status as the people of God and in particular that the presence of the house of God among them had made them invulnerable. Jeremiah 7:4 implies that the people trusted in the "temple of the Lord" for security. They could not imagine that God would allow his house to fall. Ezekiel's task was to demonstrate that this crutch was sure to fail even while he assured them that God himself had not failed.
Ezekiel 1 and Divine Transcendence . The Book of Ezekiel has a beginning few readers can forget. Standing by the Kebar River Ezekiel suddenly sees the vision of the chariot of Yahweh (1:2-28). The chariot comes in a storm, the sign of a theophany. In the chariot he sees the four creatures, each with four faces (of a human, an ox, an eagle, and a lion). He also views the strange "wheels within wheels" that were full of eyes. Above the creatures is a dome and above that, a throne. On the throne sits a fiery man-like figure. The chariot darts about without ever having to pivot.
While scholars have debated the details of the vision, it seems beyond question that it portrays God as the sovereign over the whole earth. The four faces of creatures represent four of the mightiest creatures (the ox, over domestic animals; the lion, over wild animals; the eagle, over birds; and the human, over all). The wheels within wheels represent the freedom to move in any of the four directions without having to pivot to the right or left, and thus symbolize God's omnipresence. The eyes imply sight in every direction, and thus indicate God's omniscience. The word "dome" is in Hebrew raqia [1], the same word used for the vault of heaven in Genesis 1 . It symbolizes the physical universe as metaphorically under heaven, the throneroom of God. The human-like figure seated on the throne above the dome implied that Yahweh is sovereign over heaven and earth.
For the reader, the surprise is that Ezekiel begins his message of judgment not with the sinfulness of Judah but with the sovereignty of God. People in the ancient world connected their gods with local areas and specific domains (see 1 Kings 20:23-28 ). A god was supposed to protect his domain, and if one city conquered another, that meant that the god of the victor was greater than the god of the vanquished. Many Jews also embraced this thinking, and it led to two dangerous conclusions. First, they thought that Yahweh was bound to protect Jerusalem. Second, if the city should fall, it meant that Yahweh was weak and small.
Ezekiel's vision showed them that it was not that Yahweh was too small, but that he was too great. As the God who transcended the earth, he had no need of any temple. As Solomon had recognized, even heaven cannot contain him—"how much less this temple?" (1 Kings 8:27 ). Precisely because he was no local deity, he did not need to defend any earthly house. But as Lord over all, he was also judge of all, including Jerusalem. In short, the power and authority of God meant not that Jerusalem was impregnable, but that it was doomed.
The Radical Sin of Israel and the Radical Methods of Ezekiel . The opening vision is only the first of many strange messages in Ezekiel. While it may not quite be true to say that for Ezekiel the medium was the message, certainly the media he used carried within them a drama and force commensurate with the desperate nature of the situation.
More than any other prophet, Ezekiel acted out his message in parables. Among these actions was a pretend siege of Jerusalem, with a brick serving as the city (4:1-5:4). Like a child with toy soldiers, he built a siege ramp against his miniature Jerusalem and carried out the symbolic assault. But this was no game. Ezekiel was as much a prisoner as were the Jews trapped in Jerusalem. Day after day he lay on his side and was no more free to move about than they were free to escape the city. Like them, he ate food cooked over dung. At last, he cut off his hair and chopped, burned, and scattered it. Israel had been as near to God as Ezekiel's hair had been to the prophet, but they would be slaughtered and dispersedsave for a small remnant.
He even had to subordinate the death of his wife to his message (24:16-27). When she passed away, God told him not to enter into the customary period of mourning. He implied that the Jews were soon to have more than enough of dead wives, husbands, children, and parents. Times of sorrow for which no mourning could be adequate were about to descend upon them.
Ezekiel's language is the boldest, most graphic in the Bible. Chapter 16 describes the nation's history in a parable. She began life as an abandoned baby lying naked in blood and still attached to the placenta. Yahweh pitied her and protected her, and she grew to sexual maturity. Wealthy and beautiful, she turned to promiscuity and prostitution. If Ezekiel's language lacks delicacy, it is because he is trying to warn the people of the horrors soon to overtake them.
Ezekiel's language is not all emotional imagery, however. In chapter 14, using language that reflects the thoroughness of a trained priest, he describes in detail God's principles of judgment. He demonstrates first that God is not moved by outward Acts of religion; even if people come to consult God, he will not receive them as long as they harbor apostasy (vv. 1-11). Second, he declares that no amount of pious intercession will save a people bent on rebellion (vv. 12-23).
The Duty of the Watchman . God routinely addresses Ezekiel as "son of man" (that is, "mortal"), and so reminds him that he and his people are small and fragile. Their only hope of survival is in God.
God commissions Ezekiel as the watchman over Jerusalem. If he carries out his responsibility and warns the people of the coming disaster, he will be innocent of their deaths when they refuse to listen. But if he shirks his duty, their blood will be on his head (3:16-21). God warned him that they would be both obstinate and vicious, and that he must not fear them (2:3-8).
More than that, Ezekiel in a vision ate a scroll that was the word of God (2:9-3:11). His only task was to receive and declare God's message. To emphasize this, Ezekiel fell dumb when not expressly preaching God's message (3:26-27; 24:27). In a time of crisis, no other words were worth speaking.
Individual and Corporate Responsibility . Many scholars assert, on the basis of chapter 18, that Ezekiel was a pioneer in developing the doctrine of individual responsibility. Following the lead of H. Wheeler Robinson, interpreters assert that earlier Israel was dominated by the idea of corporate responsibility and corporate guilt, whereby the guilt of the father could be transferred to the descendants. The classic example of this is said to be Joshua 7 , where Achan's family shares in the guilt of his actions and are put to death.
In chapter 18 Ezekiel confronts the popular proverb of his time, "The fathers eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge" (v. 2). The self-evident meaning is that the children suffer inevitably and unfairly for their father's actions. The implication is that God is unjust.
Ezekiel, speaking in God's name, responds first that every individual belongs to God and is responsible to him directly and not through his or her parents (v. 4). He then vies a hypothetical case involving three generations. If a man in the first generation lives a life of faithfulness, generosity, and integrity, that man will stand justified before God and suffer no retribution (vv. 5-9). If his son, the second generation, does not follow that path but lives a life of greed, apostasy, and selfishness, then that son will not be justified through the righteousness of his father. He will bear the full weight of his sin (vv. 10-13). If then this man's son, the third generation, reacts against his father's immoral ways and lives instead like his grandfather, this man will not suffer for his father's sin but will stand justified (vv. 14-18).
To this, Ezekiel adds the principle that if a sinful person repents, God will no longer hold that person's former sins against him. On the other hand, if a righteous person falls away and behaves corruptly, the former Acts of righteousness will not protect that one from punishment (vv. 19-32). Ezekiel has laid out in clearest terms not only the idea of individual responsibility but also the possibility of repentance and the necessity of perseverance.
It is another question, however, whether Ezekiel's ideas represent a major break from previous Old Testament teachings. In the case of Achan's sin, it is not at all clear that the Israelites regarded either the entire nation or Achan's family as sharing in his guilt. While they knew that the whole people had suffered for what he had done (Joshua 7:4-5 ), the mere fact that they sought out the guilty individual (Joshua 7:13-19 ) indicates that they understood that the responsibility lay with one man. Also, the fact that they executed Achan's family along with him (Joshua 7:24-26 ), however that may strike us, does not mean that they thought that his guilt was somehow passed on to them. Rather, the point of Achan's punishment was that he lost his place in the inheritance of the land of Israel. Had his family survived and taken a share in the land, then in their eyes he would have through his descendants evaded the real point of the punishment. The guilt was his and the punishment was directed toward him.
In short, Ezekiel enunciated more clearly than before certain principles of divine judgment and human responsibility, and he corrected the misunderstandings of his contemporaries. It would not be accurate, however, to suppose that he repudiated earlier tenets of Israel's faith. Rather, he made the point that the Jews who saw their temple go up in flames had no one to blame but themselves.
Apostasy . More than any other prophet, Ezekiel graphically portrays the perversity and effrontery of apostasy. Here, too, the fall of the temple is before him, since it is the gravity of Israel's sin that explains how God could have allowed the temple to fall.
In chapter 23 using the most graphic sexual imagery found anywhere in the Bible, Ezekiel set out the parable of the sisters Oholah and Oholibah. Oholah, he tells us, represents Samaria just as Oholibah represents Jerusalem. Oholah first turned away from Yahweh, her true husband, and "lusted after" Assyria and Egypt. In response to her adultery, Yahweh turned her over to the viciousness of the Assyrians (23:5-10); in other words, God allowed Assyria to destroy Samaria.
Oholibah learned nothing from her sister's experience but instead behaved even worse. She committed adultery with the Assyrians, the Egyptians, and the Babylonians out of a lust for their glory and strength. As a result, she too was doomed (23:11-49).
The almost pornographic character of this parable serves several purposes. First, it vividly displays apostasy as an act as disgraceful and brazen as adultery. Second, it brings out the character of Israel's apostasy. When the Jews allowed themselves to be awestruck by the power of the great nations and sought alliances with them, they were in effect turning their back on God in the way a wayward wife might abandon her husband for a rich and handsome paramour. In addition, alliances with these nations inevitably drew Israel into the worship of their gods (23:30). Third, the parable illustrates the folly of Jerusalem, in that its people did not learn the lessons vividly acted out before them in the destruction of Samaria. Guilty of such outrageous behavior, the people hardly had a right to be surprised when they saw judgment bearing down on their city and temple.
In chapter 8, Ezekiel describes the apostasy that was being committed in the temple itself. He tells us that in the sixth month of the sixth year (about five years before the destruction of Jerusalem), he was taken to the temple in a vision. There in the very house of God Ezekiel saw several examples of Jerusalem's apostasy.
First, he saw the "idol of jealousy" in the north gate (vv. 5-6). This may have been an image of Asherah (cf. 2 Kings 21:7 ). Its position in the north is significant since that is the direction from which Israel's enemies, as executioners of Yahweh's anger, generally came.
Next, he went into a secret room where the elders were worshiping images of animal gods (vv. 7-12). The zoomorphic nature of these gods would indicate that they were Egyptian; the secrecy of the cult reflected a desire to hide it not only from Yahweh but from the Babylonians, who would have regarded this as an act of rebellion against their empire. The Jews would soon learn that Egyptian help was empty.
Next, again at the north gate, he saw women "mourning for Tammuz" (v. 14). Tammuz was a dying and rising fertility god, and his adoration was meant to ensure success in agriculture. In this, the people had abandoned Yahweh as Lord of nature and turned to other gods for good crops and healthy cattle.
Finally, Ezekiel sees men on the east side of the temple bowing to the rising sun with their backs to the temple (vv. 16-17). The implication is that as they bow they turn their buttocks toward Yahweh. The phrase translated "putting a branch to their nose" should probably be translated, "they put a stench in my (God's) nose."
The outcome of apostasy is that God shows no pity (v. 18). For Ezekiel's readers, the reason for the destruction of the temple is obvious.
Oracles against the Nations . Like many other prophets, Ezekiel includes a series of oracles against the nations in his book (25:1-32:32). Here, however, these prophecies take on the added urgency of being set against the crisis of 586 b.c. Against Ammon, for example (25:1-7), Ezekiel makes the point that because they gloated over the fall of the Jerusalem sanctuary, God would hand them and all their possessions over to foreigners from the east.
Especially remarkable here are the lengthy laments over Tyre (26:1-28:19), a place of special significance because it was Tyre that built the Jerusalem temple (1 Kings 5:1-11 ). Using imagery that would have been meaningful for a priest, Ezekiel describes the king of Tyre as if he were a cherub statue standing in the holy of holies (28:13-14; cf. 2 Chronicles 3:10-13 ). God would expel them from their seaside paradise and put an end to their wealth and trade.
For Ezekiel, the oracles against the nations meant that the same God who had condemned Jerusalem also stood in judgment over the nations. If the people of God had not escaped, neither would they.
Redemption and Transformation . For Ezekiel, the sovereignty of God, whereby he was free to judge Jerusalem and destroy its temple, was also the basis for Jerusalem's hope. The destruction of the temple did not mean that God had failed or that the promises were finished.
In chapter 37, Ezekiel lays out three aspects of the hope of restoration. He begins with the famous vision of the valley of dry bones (vv. 1-14). Israel, the vision implies, is a dead nation. Like many peoples before them, they have been swept off the historical map, and from the human viewpoint there is no reason to expect them ever to be a nation again. God, however, is not bound by human limitations, and this dead nation will live again.
Second, in a text that parallel's the promise in Jeremiah 31:31-37 of a new covenant with Israel and Judah, Ezekiel promises that God will draw together his people and give to them an obedient heart that they might never again wander from him (37:15-23).
Third, Ezekiel promises that "David" will be their faithful ruler forever. The term "David" is symbolic and messianic; it looks for the day when a king will arise who will love God with all his heart and who will stand in stark contrast to the kings and leaders who led Jerusalem into its disastrous apostasy and warfare.
Gog and Magog . In a surprising turn, Ezekiel interrupts his prophecies of future redemption and glory with the prophecy of the great war against Gog and Magog (chaps. 38-39). This is not a prediction of some specific war, least of all of a war against a modern nation such as Russia. The terms "Magog, " "Meshech, " and so forth refer to tribes in the Black Sea area (such as the Scythians), but the specific identity is not nearly so important as the fact that they were pagan, warlike peoples in the north. Biblical eschatology regularly speaks of the "enemies to the north" as the source of conflict and judgment, and the reference here is typological rather than literal.
The main point was that although Israel had already endured much at the hands of its enemies, more sorrows were yet to come before they entered the kingdom. The events of 586 b.c. were terrible, but they were not the last or even the worst of such calamities. Still, God would triumph over his enemies, and final victory for the people of God remained sure.
The Restored Temple . We have seen that the entire prophecy of Ezekiel focuses on the theological crisis occasioned by the destruction of the temple. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ezekiel the priest should crown his promise of restoration with a vision of a new temple (chaps. 40-48). The question that remains for us is whether we should take this prophecy as a portrait of a literal, future temple, or read it as an idealized, symbolic vision.
Careful analysis reveals that this prophecy cannot be taken literally. Apart from the fact that, for a Christian, the notion of a future temple with a levitical priesthood and animal sacrifices bluntly contradicts the New Testament (e.g., Hebrews 8:1-10:17 ), the text of Ezekiel itself rules out such an interpretation.
Although the details of this chapter are perhaps exhausting to the modern reader, they are not really exhaustive. That is, they lack many specifications and dimensions, and omit such critical matters as the materials to be used (contrast Exod. 26,2 Chronicles 3-4 ). Attempts to reconstruct a picture of this temple inevitably fail for lack of detail. Similarly, the portrayal of the division of the land among the twelve tribes (Ezekiel 47:13-48:35 ) is highly idealized and resists any attempt to set down literal borders for the tribes (although this does not keep some imaginative interpreters from trying).
Most significant here is the portrayal of the river of life in 47:1-12. Taken literally, the details are impossible. A trickle of water comes out of the north gate of the temple, but in the short space of a few thousand meters, it is a mighty river too great and apparently too swift for any man to swim across. Where the text itself signals us that the literal meaning implies absurdities, it is folly to force such a meaning on the passage.
The vision is a prophet-priest's portrayal of the glories of the kingdom of God. The calamity of the exile has been reversed. Worship is orderly and beautiful. Leadership is subservient to God. There is a place for every one of God's people, and there is neither want nor need. Most important of all, the Lord is there (48:35). For the Christian, all the promises of God are Yes in Christ, and not one of them has failed.
Duane A. Garrett
See also Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy
Bibliography . W. Eichrodt, Ezekiel ; H. W. Robinson, Corporate Personality in Israel ; J. B. Taylor, Ezekiel .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel
"God will strengthen," Hebrew, Υehezqel . Son of Buzi (Ezekiel 1:3), a priest. Probably exercised the priestly office at Jerusalem before his departure in the captivity or transmigration (galut ) of Jehoiachin, which took place 11 years before the city fell (2 Kings 24:15). His priestly character gave him much weight with his Hebrew fellow exiles. His priestly service was as real in the spiritual temple in Chaldaea as it had been in the visible temple at Jerusalem (Ezekiel 11; Ezekiel 40-48; Ezekiel 4:13-14; Ezekiel 20:12-13). The priestly tone appears throughout his book, so that he is the priest among the prophets. Called to prophesy in the fifth year of Jehoiachin's captivity (595 B.C.) "in the 30th year in the fourth month." i.e. the 30th from the era of Nabopolassar, Nebuchadnezzar's father (525 B.C.), an era he naturally uses writing in Babylonia (Farrar).
But elsewhere he dates from Jehoiachin's captivity alone. This fact, and his expressly calling himself "the priest" (Ezekiel 1:3), favor the view that his mention of the 30th fear of his own age is in order to mark his entering on a priestly ministry to his exiled countrymen (that being the usual age, Numbers 4:23; Numbers 4:30; "the heavens being opened" to him, as they were to his Antitype in beginning His ministry in His 30th year at Jordan, Luke 3:21-23). Thus, he would be 25 when carried away. The best of the people were apparently the first carried away (Ezekiel 11:16; Jeremiah 24:2-8; Jeremiah 24:10). Believing the prophets they obeyed Nebuchadnezzar's first summons to surrender, as the only path of safety. But the unbelieving were willing to do anything to remain in their native land; and despised their exiled brethren as having no share in the temple sacrifices.
Thus, Ezekiel's sphere of ministry was less impeded by his countrymen than Jeremiah's at home. Jeremiah (Jeremiah 29) sent a letter to the exiles to warn them against the flattering promises of false prophets that they should soon return, for that the captivity would last 70 years. This was in the fourth year of Zedekiah or of Jehoiachin's captivity; and one of the captives, Shemaiah, so far from believing, wrote back that Jeremiah should be imprisoned. Ezekiel began his ministry the next or fifth year, confirming Jeremiah's words. The first scene of his prophecies was near the river Chebar (identified by some with Khabour, but rather the nahr Malcha or royal canal of Nebuchadnezzar) (See BABEL; BABYLON.)
Telabib (Thelaba) was his "house," where the elders came to inquire of him God's communications (Ezekiel 3:15; Ezekiel 8:1). They were eager to return to Jerusalem, but Ezekiel taught that they must first return to their God. He was married, but lost his wife by a sudden stroke (Ezekiel 24:18). His prophesying continued for 22 years at least, down to the 27th year of the captivity (Ezekiel 29:17). On comparing Ezekiel 13 with Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 8:11; Jeremiah 23:9-10; Jeremiah 23:16; Jeremiah 23:26; and Ezekiel 34, with Jeremiah 23:4-5; Jeremiah 23:33, we see the inner harmony between the two prophets, though Ezekiel did not receive his commission until toward the close of Jeremiah's prophesying; the latter having prophesied 34 years before Ezekiel, and continuing to prophesy six or seven years after him.
Ezekiel began prophesying the year after the communication of Jeremiah's predictions to Babylon (Jeremiah 51:59-64); Ezekiel's prophecies form a sequel to them (Ezekiel 1:2). Yet in natural character they widely differ: Jeremiah plaintive, sensitive to a fault, and tender; Ezekiel abrupt, unbending, firmly unflinching, with priestly zeal against gainsayers. He was contemporary also with Daniel, whose ministry was then in the Babylonian court whereas Ezekiel was among the Jews. Daniel's prophecies were later than those of Ezekiel, but his fame for piety and wisdom was already established (Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 16: 28; Ezekiel 16:3); and the Jews in their low state naturally prided themselves on one who reflected such glory on their nation at the pagan capital (Daniel 1-2). Ezekiel and Daniel have a mutual resemblance in the visions and images in their prophecies.
It is an undesigned proof of genuineness that, while prophesying against the enemies of the covenant people, he directs none against Babylon, whereas Jeremiah utters against her terrible denunciations. Ezekiel gave no needless offense to the government under which he lived, Jeremiah on the other hand was still in Judaea. The improved character of the people toward the close of the captivity, their renunciation of idolatry thenceforth and return to the law under Ezra, were primarily under God due in a great measure to Ezekiel's labors. "His word fell like a hammer upon all the pleasant dreams in which the captives indulged, and ground them to powder, a gigantic nature fitted to struggle against the Babylonian spirit of the age, which reveled in things gigantic and grotesque" (Hengstenberg). Realizing energy is his characteristic, adapting him to confront the "rebellious house," "of stubborn front and hard heart."
He zealously upheld the ceremonies of the law (Ezekiel 4:14; Ezekiel 22:8, etc.); keeping them before the national mind, in the absence of the visible framework, against the time of the restoration of the national polity and temple. His self sacrificing patriotism, ready for any suffering if only he may benefit his countrymen spiritually, appears in his conduct when she who was "the desire of his eyes" was snatched from him at a stroke (Deuteronomy 33:9). The phrase shows how tenderly he loved her; yet with priestly prostration of every affection before God's will he puts on no mourning, in order to convey a prophetical lesson to his people (Ezekiel 24:15-25). His style is colored by the pentateuch and by Jeremiah. It is simple, the conceptions definite, the details even in the enigmatical symbols minute and vivid, magnificent in imagery, but austere. The fondness for particulars appears in contrasting his prophecy concerning Tyre (Ezekiel 28) with Isaiah's (Isaiah 23).
The obscurity lies in the subject matter, not in the form or manner of his communications. He delights to linger about the temple and to use its symbolical forms, with which his priestly sympathies were so bound up, as the imagery to express his instructions. This was divinely ordered to satisfy the spiritual want and instinctive craving felt by the people in the absence of the national temple and the sacrifices. Thus, Ezekiel molded their minds to the conviction that the essence of the law could be maintained where many of its forms could not be observed, a new phase in the kingdom of God; the synagogal worship which he maintained, consisting of prayer and the word, preparing the way for the gospel wherein God who is a spirit is worshipped acceptably by the spiritual wherever they be. His frequent repetitions give weight and force to his pictures; poetical parallelism is found only in Ezekiel 7; Ezekiel 21; Ezekiel 27; Ezekiel 28-30.
His mysterious symbols presented in plain words, like our Lord's parables, were designed to stimulate the people's dormant minds. The superficial, volatile, and willfully unbelieving were thereby left to judicial blindness (Isaiah 6:10; Matthew 13:11-13, etc.), while the better disposed were awakened to a deeper search into the things of God by the very obscurity of the symbols. In observance of this divine purpose has led the Jews to place his book among the "treasures" (genazin ), which, like the early chapters of Genesis and Song of Solomon, are not to be read until the age of 30 (Jerome's Ep. ad Eustoch.). Sirach 49:8 refers to Ezekiel. So Josephus (Ant. 10:5, section 1), Melito's catalogue (Eusebius, H. E., 4:26), Origen, Jerome, and the Talmud mention it as part of the canon.
The oneness of tone throughout, and the recurrence of favorite phrases ("son of man," "they shall know that I am the Lord, ... the hand of the Lord was upon me," "set thy face against," etc.), exclude the idea of interpolation of sections. The earlier part, treating mainly of sin and judgment (Ezekiel 1-32), is a key to the latter part, which holds out a glorious hope in the last days when the judgments shall have had their designed effect. Thus, unity and orderly progress characterize the whole. The fall of Jerusalem is the central point.
Previously, he calls to repentance, and rebukes blind trust in Egypt or in man (Ezekiel 17:15-17; compare Jeremiah 37:7). Afterward he consoles the captives by promising future and final restoration. His prophecies against seven (the number for completeness) foreign nations stand between these two divisions, and were uttered in the interval between the knowledge of Nebuchadnezzar's siege (Ezekiel 24:2, etc.) and the news that Jerusalem was taken (Ezekiel 33:21), yet uttered with the prophetic certainty of its capture, so that it is taken as a past fact (Ezekiel 26:2). One however of this series (Ezekiel 29:17) belongs to the 27th year of the captivity, and is therefore later than the temple series (Ezekiel 40:1), which was in the 25th. There are nine sections:
(1) Ezekiel's call: Ezekiel 1-3; 15.
(2) Symbolical prophecies of Jerusalem's fall: Ezekiel 3:16-17.
(3) A year and two months later a vision of the temple polluted by Tammuz or Adonis worship; God's consequent scattering of fire over the city, and forsaking the temple to reveal Himself to an inquiring people in exile; purer, happier times follow: Ezekiel 8-11.
(4) Sins of the several classes, priests, prophets, and princes: Ezekiel 12-19.
(5) A year later the warning of judgment for national guilt repeated more distinctly as the time drew nearer: Ezekiel 20-2.
(6) Two years and five months later, the very day on which Ezekiel speaks, is announced as that of beginning the siege; Jerusalem shall fall: Ezekiel 24.
(7) Predictions against foreign nations during Ezekiel's silence regarding his own people; since judgment begins at the house of God it will visit the pagan world: Ezekiel 25-32; some of these were uttered later than others, but all began to be given (Havernick) after the fall of Jerusalem.
(8) In the 12th year of the captivity, when the fugitives from Jerusalem (Ezekiel 33:21) had reached Chaldaea, he foretells better times, Israel's restoration, God's kingdom triumphant over Seir, the pagan world powers, and Gog: Ezekiel 33-39.
(9) After 13 years, the last vision, the order and beauty of the restored kingdom: Ezekiel 40-48.
The fullness of details as to the temple and its offerings favors the view of a literal (in the main) interpretation rather than a purely symbolical one. The prophecy has certainly not yet been fulfilled; the fulfillment will make all dear. There are details physically so improbable as to preclude a purely literal explanation. The main truth is dear. As Israel served the nations for their rejection of Messiah, so shall they serve Israel in the person of Messiah when Israel shall acknowledge Messiah (Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 14:16-19; Psalms 72:11). The ideal temple exhibits under Old Testament forms the essential character of Messiah's worship as it shall be when He shall reign in Jerusalem among His own people the Jews, and thence to the ends of the earth (Jeremiah 3:17-18). The square of the temple area is three miles and a half, i.e. larger than all the former Jerusalem.
The city is three or four thousand square miles, including the holy portion for the prince, priests, and Levites, i.e., nearly as large as all Judaea W. of Jordan. Again, the half of the holy portion extends 30 miles S. of Jerusalem, i.e., covering nearly the whole southern territory. Without great physical changes (and the boundaries are given the same as under Moses) no adequate room is left for the five tribes whose inheritance is beyond the holy portion (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:23-38). The literal sacrifices seem to oppose Hebrews 9:10; Hebrews 10:14; Hebrews 10:18, and to give a handle to Rome's worst error, the sacrifice of the mass. In Ezekiel's temple holiness pervades the whole, and there is no distinction of parts as to relative holiness, as in the Old Testament temple. But all the difficulties may be only apparent.
Faith waits God's time and God's way; the ideal of the theocratic temple will then first be realized. Israel will show in the temple rites the essential unity between the law and the gospel, which now seem to be opposed (Romans 10:4; Romans 10:8). We do not yet see how to harmonize a return to sacrifices with the Epistle to the Hebrew, but two considerations lessen the difficulty: The Jews as a nation stand to God in a peculiar relation, distinct from that of us Christians of the present elect church gathered out of Jews and Gentiles indiscriminately. That shall be the period of public liturgy, or perfect outward worship of the great congregation on earth, as the present time is one of gathering out the spiritual worshippers one by one, who shall reign in glorified bodies with Christ over Israel and the nations in the flesh.
Besides Israel's spiritual relation to Christ as her Savior, she will perform a perfect outward service of sacrifice, (retrospectively referring to Christ's one propitiatory offering, lest this should be lost sight of in the glory of His kingdom), prayer, and praise as a nation to her then manifested King reigning in the midst of her; and all nations shall join in that service, recognizing His divine kingship over themselves also. Christ's word shall be fulfilled, "till heaven and earth pass one jot or tittle shall in no wise pass from the law until all be fulfilled" (Matthew 5:18). The antitypical perfection of the old temple service, which seemed a cumbrous yoke unintelligible to the worshippers, shall then be understood fully and become a delightful service of love. Ezekiel was the only prophet, strictly, at Babylon.
For Daniel was rather a seer, unveiling the future in the pagan court, but not discharging the prophetical office as Ezekiel among the covenant people; therefore his book was not classed with the prophets but with the hagiographa. Striking instances of seeming contradictions, which when understood become strong confirmations of genuineness, are Ezekiel 12:13, "I will bring him (Zedekiah) to Babylon ... yet shall he not see it though he shall die there"; because he was blinded by Nebuchadnezzar before arriving there (Jeremiah 52:11). Also Ezekiel 18:20, "the son shall not bear the iniquity of the father"; not really contradicting Exodus 20:5, "visiting the iniquities of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me"; the children hating God as their fathers did, the sin with cumulative force descends from parent to child; so Deuteronomy 24:16 expressly "the fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither the children for the fathers."
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel, the Book of
(See EZEKIEL.)
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel
Son of Buzi; a priest and one of the four great prophets. He was carried into captivity with Jehoiachin, about B.C. 600, eleven years before the destruction of Jerusalem, and laboured among the captives about two years. He faithfully fulfilled his duties, sternly rebuking at times, and yet holding out gracious encouragements. His prophecy is full of symbo and imagery: he not only stated some of his parables, but acted them, that they might be seen as well as heard. His style is vigorous and rapid. Ezekiel's personal history is further referred to under his prophecy.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel, Book of
This prophecy comprehends all Israel. In it are given the governmental ways of God upon earth, of which Israel was the centre. Deuteronomy 32:8 . Hence it does not mention the times of the Gentiles or the four monarchies, but passes on to the end, when the throne of government will again return to Jerusalem, instead of judging it. The book divides itself into distinct portions: the first extends to the end of Ezekiel 24 . After the first chapter the testimony is against Israel in general and Jerusalem in particular. This part of the prophecy being given before the destruction of Jerusalem, that melancholy event naturally occupies a large place. The second portion is respecting God's judgements on the nations that surrounded the promised land, and which had been more or less connected with Israel: Ezekiel 25 to end of Ezekiel 32 . The third portion is the judgement on Israel, and upon Gog and its allies in the future; and then the blessing of all Israel. Ezekiel 33 : to end of Ezekiel 39 . The fourth portion is the future temple, its service, and the division of the land, ending with the joyful tidings that the name of the city will then be "The Lord is there." Ezekiel 40 : to the end.
Ezekiel 1 .* We have here a wonderful vision of the government and providence of God on earth, but united with the throne in heaven. Compare the four living creatures with those described in Revelation 4:6-8 .
* The thirtieth year of Ezekiel 1:1 is doubtless the year of the Babylonian kingdom which was founded by Nabo-polassar in B.C. 625: the thirtieth year would be 595, which agrees with the fifth year of Jehoiachin's captivity.
Ezekiel 2 , Ezekiel 3 are preliminary. Ezekiel must speak, whether Israel will hear or not: he must eat (that is, accept in his own soul) the book of prophecy, and be faithful in warning the wicked.
Ezekiel 4 — Ezekiel 7 . The destruction of Jerusalem. It was portrayed on a tile, and the prophet had to lie on his left side 390 days for Israel, and 40 days on his right side for Judah, to bear their iniquities — a day for a year. The 390 days were probably from the division of the kingdom in B.C. 975 till 588, the destruction of Jerusalem — 388 entire years or nominally 390 — 'Israel,' as often, representing the ten tribes. It is not so manifest to what the 40 years for Judah refer: it was for the iniquity of Judah, and may refer to the reign of Manasseh before his captivity and reformation, for that is pointed out as the crowning sin of Judah, and for which they were sent into captivity. 2 Kings 21:11-13 .
Ezekiel 8 speaks of the idolatry that was in connection with the temple though much of it was in secret and had to be dug out.
Ezekiel 9 . The remnant who lament over the abominations are marked in their foreheads. It is well pleasing to God that any should mourn over the evil in connection with His name, even though they cannot rectifyit.
Ezekiel 10 , Ezekiel 11 . The cherubim act against Jerusalem. The rulers are condemned, but there is mercy and restoration for the pious remnant.
Ezekiel 12 . The flight and captivity of Zedekiah are foretold.
Ezekiel 13 . The false prophets in Jerusalem are judged. In all ages one must have the mind of God in order to escape the teaching of such.
Ezekiel 14 , Ezekiel 15 . God's judgements of Jerusalem and its people.
Ezekiel 16 . The original state of Jerusalem as a cast-out infant, but loved and cherished by God. Her great sin is related, but there is mercy inthe end.
Ezekiel 17 — Ezekiel 20 . Instruction under various parables.
Ezekiel 21 — Ezekiel 24 . The invasion and destruction of Jerusalem; during the relation of which the wife of Ezekiel, the desire of his eyes, died.He was not to mourn for the loss, and when the captives inquired of him what they were to learn from this, they were told that when God's judgements fell upon the temple and upon their sons and daughters, they were not to mourn; but to pine away for their iniquities and in groaning one to another.
Ezekiel 25 — Ezekiel 32 are the prophecies against the Gentile nations which surrounded Palestine, and which had at one time or another intercourse with Israel. The prophecies are against Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Philistia. Against Tyre literally and as a type of its arts, in contrast to Israel as the people of God — a prophecy that stretches beyond history. In it is the remarkable description of an 'anointed cherub,' giving the features of one who was at one time in a very exalted position; but who fell from his integrity and became the enemy of God; which is doubtless a description ofSatan. Ezekiel 28:11-19 . Ezekiel 28:20-26 are against Zidon. Ezekiel 29 to end of Ezekiel 32 are against Egypt, which is typical of the pride of nature, or the world of nature.
Ezekiel 33-36 are prophecies against Israel, to be followed by future restoration and blessing, and judgement on those who will oppress them. In Ezekiel 33 - 35. God reasons with His people. In Ezekiel 36 there is blessing for them.
Ezekiel 37 is restoration, under the vision of the valley of dry bones and the two sticks. It has been thought by many, because of the graves being opened, and the people being brought out of their graves, that this passage refers to the resurrection of the body; but the people are saying, before the graves are opened, "Our bones are dried and our hope is lost," the exact feeling of many to this day. The resurrection is used as a figure of life being given to Israel, and also to Judah. The two nations are to be one, an exceeding great army, and they will be gathered into their own land. It need hardly be said that this cannot apply to those of Judah who returned under Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah. It is still future, and will surely be accomplished.
Ezekiel 38 , Ezekiel 39 . The restoration of Israel will be opposed. Gog and Magog will be the chief opponents. In Ezekiel 38:2 , instead of "O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal," the LXX reads, "O Gog, . . . . Rosh, prince of Mesoch and Thobal," and so again in Ezekiel 39:1 . This is held to be the true meaning and that Rosh refers to Russia, and that it will be the head of that nation that will be the chief enemy of Israel when they are brought back to their own land. The enemies will be destroyed, and Israel will be blessed.
Ezekiel 40 — Ezekiel 48 refer to the future temple and the sacrifices, with the division of the land among the twelve tribes. As this prophecy was delivered many years before Zerubbabel and the exiles returned, it has been thought by some that the temple here spoken of refers to the temple which they built, though they might not have attempted to build according to the plan here laid down. But in Ezekiel the instructions for the temple follow the restoration of the twelve tribes, and the destruction of their opposing enemies. There was nothing approaching that in the return under Zerubbabel. Here too it is linked with dividing the whole land among the twelve tribes: it must therefore certainly be still future.
A difficulty has arisen in the minds of some with regard to the resumption of animal sacrifices. Whilst the efficacy of the blood of Christ must over remain unimpaired before God, there are certainly differences in its application. Christians have boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus: Jews, as such, have no such privilege. The most holy place will be again found in the temple, a comparative distance from God being maintained for man on earth, and the renewed sacrifices are consistent with this state of things. They must however have a commemorative character.
Besides the temple, for which full details are given; and besides the sacrifices and feasts (remarkable for the absence of the Day of Atonement and the Feast of Weeks), there is A PRINCE mentioned, and a portion of land allotted to him, together with the sacrifices he will offer. If these things are taken literally, all is plain and easy to be understood. Doubtless the prince will be a representative of the royal house of David. That there is deep moral import in the details is evident from Ezekiel 43:10,11 , though there may be many physical changes in the land. A river is to flow from the sanctuary, and will have trees growing on its banks and will transform the Dead Sea into one full of life, with all manner of fish: cf. Joel 3:18 ; Zechariah 14:8 . The whole of the land will be possessed and be divided into twelve portions (besides a holy portion for the sanctuary, the priests, the Levites, and the city, the temple not being built in the future Jerusalem:see TEMPLE,EZEKIEL'S). The position of each tribe is duly stated. The condition of the city will be entirely changed from the ruin and wretchedness that characterised it for 2000 years under the judgement of God and even from the recent material prosperity; the name of it from that day shall be "The Lord is there."
The Book of Ezekiel is thus full of interest to the Christian as showing the great care God had for His people during their captivity, and the bright scene of future earthly blessing that is spread out before them. Some of the prophecies were literally fulfilled in times past: surely then the rest ofthe events foretold, which have not yet been fulfilled, are as certain as those which have. It is God who has spoken, and He it is who will bring it all to pass.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Ezekiel
like his contemporary Jeremiah, was of the sacerdotal race. He was carried away captive to Babylon with Jehoiachim, king of Judah, B.C. 598, and was placed with many others of his countrymen upon the river Chebar, in Mesopotamia, where he was favoured with the divine revelations contained in his book. He began to prophesy in the fifth year of his captivity, and is supposed to have prophesied about twenty-one years. The boldness with which he censured the idolatry and wickedness of his countrymen is said to have cost him his life; but his memory was greatly revered, not only by the Jews, but also by the Medes and Persians. The book which bears his name may be considered under the five following divisions: the first three chapters contain the glorious appearance of God to the prophet, and his solemn appointment to his office, with instructions and encouragements for the discharge of it. From the fourth to the twenty- fourth chapter inclusive, he describes, under a variety of visions and similitudes, the calamities impending over Judea, and the total destruction of the temple and city of Jerusalem, by Nebuchadnezzar, occasionally predicting another period of yet greater desolation, and more general dispersion. From the beginning of the twenty-fifth to the end of the thirty- second chapter, the prophet foretels the conquest and ruin of many nations and cities, which had insulted the Jews in their affliction; of the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Edomites, and Philistines; of Tyre, of Sidon, and Egypt; all of which were to be punished by the same mighty instrument of God's wrath against the wickedness of man; and in these prophecies he not only predicts events which were soon to take place, but he also describes the condition of these several countries in the remote periods of the world. From the thirty-second to the fortieth chapter, he inveighs against the accumulated sins of the Jews collectively, and the murmuring spirit of his captive brethren; exhorts them earnestly to repent of their hypocrisy and wickedness, upon the assurance that God will accept sincere repentance; and comforts them with promises of approaching deliverance under Cyrus; subjoining intimations of some far more glorious, but distant, redemption under the Messiah, though the manner in which it is to be effected is deeply involved in mystery. The last nine chapters contain a remarkable vision of the structure of a new temple and a new polity, applicable in the first instance to the return from the Babylonian captivity, but in its ultimate sense referring to the glory and prosperity of the universal church of Christ. Jerom observes that the visions of Ezekiel are among the things in Scripture hard to be understood. This obscurity arises, in part at least, from the nature and design of the prophecies themselves; they were delivered amidst the gloom of captivity; and though calculated to cheer the drooping spirits of the Jews, and to keep alive a watchful and submissive confidence in the mercy of God, yet they were intended to communicate only such a degree of encouragement as was consistent with a state of punishment, and to excite an indistinct expectation of future blessings, upon condition of repentance and amendment. It ought also to be observed, that the last twelve chapters of this book bear a very strong resemblance to the concluding chapters of the Revelation. The style of this prophet is characterized by Bishop Lowth as bold, vehement, and tragical; as often worked up to a kind of tremendous dignity. He is highly parabolical, and abounds in figures and metaphorical expressions. He may be compared to the Grecian AEschylus; he displays a rough but majestic dignity; an unpolished though noble simplicity; inferior perhaps in originality and elegance to others of the prophets, but unequalled in that force and grandeur for which he is particularly celebrated, He sometimes emphatically and indignantly repeats his sentiments, fully dilates his pictures, and describes the idolatrous manners of his countrymen under the strongest and most exaggerated representations that the license of eastern style would admit. The middle part of the book is in some measure poetical, and contains even some perfect elegies, though his thoughts are in general too irregular and uncontrolled to be chained down to rule, or lettered by language.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ezekiel
Ezekiel (e-zç'ki-el), the strength of God. A prophet who was taken captive eleven years before the destruction of Jerusalem. He was a member of a community of Jewish exiles who settled on the banks of the Chebar, a "river" of Babylonia. He began to prophesy b.c. 595, and continued until b.c. 573, a period of more than 22 years. He was married and had a house, Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 24:18, in his place of exile, and lost his wife by a sudden and unforeseen stroke. He was esteemed by his companions in exile, and their elders consulted him on all occasions. He is reputed to have been murdered in Babylon, and his tomb, said to have been built by Jehoiachin, is shown, a few days' journey from Bagdad. Ezekiel was noted for his stern and inflexible energy of will and character and his devoted adherence to the rites and ceremonies of his national religion.
The Book of Ezekiel.— The book of his prophecy is divided into parts, of which the destruction of Jerusalem is the turning-point. Chapters 1-24 contain predictions delivered before that event, and chaps. 25-48 after it, as we see from chap. 26:2. Again chaps. 1-32 are mainly occupied with correction, denunciation and reproof, while the remainder deal chiefly in consolation and promise. A parenthetical section in the middle of the book, chaps. 25-32, contains a group of prophecies against seven foreign nations, the septenary arrangement being apparently intentional. There are no direct quotations from Ezekiel in the New Testament, but in the Apocalypse there are many parallels and obvious allusions to the later chapters.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Ezekiel
The strength of God
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ezekiel
Among the people of Judah taken captive to Babylon in 597 BC was the young priest Ezekiel. (For an outline history of the era see JUDAH, TRIBE AND KINGDOM.) He was only twenty-five years of age at the time and, being a priest, no doubt hoped that soon he would return to Jerusalem and begin his priestly duties in the temple. After he had been in Babylon five years, God made it plain to him that he would not return to Jerusalem. He would become a prophet, or messenger of God, to the Jews in Babylon (Ezekiel 1:1-3; Ezekiel 2:3; Ezekiel 2:5; Ezekiel 2:7; Ezekiel 3:4). His prophetic preaching lasted at least twenty-two years (Ezekiel 29:17), and much of it is recorded in the biblical book that he wrote.
Ezekiel’s preaching
At the time Ezekiel began preaching in Babylon, Jerusalem had not been destroyed. He denounced the sins of its citizens, both those who had been taken to Babylon and those who were still in Jerusalem. He warned that when Babylon finally lost patience, it would destroy city and temple alike (Ezekiel 4:1-2; Ezekiel 5:12; Ezekiel 6:1-7; Ezekiel 7:5-9).
The exiles responded to Ezekiel’s preaching by refusing to believe his prophecies of judgment, but when Jerusalem finally fell they accepted that he was a true prophet. People came to listen to him, but though they regarded him as an unusual and interesting person, they still took little notice of what he said (Ezekiel 33:21; Ezekiel 33:30-33).
Certainly Ezekiel was unusual. He acted some of his messages with very unorthodox behaviour (Ezekiel 4; Ezekiel 5; Ezekiel 12:1-16), gave the most striking and colourful illustrations (Ezekiel 16; Ezekiel 17:1-21; Ezekiel 23), and recounted the strangest visions (Ezekiel 1:4-28; Ezekiel 8; Ezekiel 9; Ezekiel 10; Ezekiel 11; Ezekiel 37).
Ezekiel was not just a preacher of doom. He was concerned also with preparing God’s people for the new age they could expect after their restoration to Palestine. In dramatic symbolic pictures he spoke of the ultimate destruction of evil and the triumph of God’s people (Ezekiel 38; Ezekiel 39). His picture of the golden age was one of an ideal national life, where God dwelt in the midst of his people and they worshipped him in a religious order that was perfect in every detail (Ezekiel 40; Ezekiel 41; Ezekiel 42; Ezekiel 43; Ezekiel 44; Ezekiel 45; Ezekiel 46; Ezekiel 47; Ezekiel 48).
Contents of the book of Ezekiel
After seeing a vision of the glorious chariot-throne of God (1:1-28), Ezekiel was called by God to take his message to a people who, God warned, would be very stubborn (2:1-3:27). Ezekiel then announced God’s judgment on Jerusalem. Through a number of acted messages, he demonstrated the horrors of siege, slaughter and exile (4:1-5:17). The reason for the nation’s judgment was its idolatry (6:1-14). Its judgment was certain, and all attempts to withstand Babylon’s attacks were useless (7:1-27).
In a fresh series of visions Ezekiel was taken, as it were, to Jerusalem, where he saw people engaging in idolatry in the temple (8:1-18). As God sent his executioners through Jerusalem (9:1-11), his glorious chariot-throne began its sad departure from the city (10:1-22). The city’s leaders were the chief cause of its downfall (11:1-13), though God would preserve the faithful minority (11:14-25). By further acting and preaching, Ezekiel stressed the certainty of the coming siege and exile (12:1-28), and condemned the false prophets who were building up false hopes of security among the doomed people (13:1-23). Idolatry would now get its just punishment (14:1-15:8).
The nation as a whole had been unfaithful to God who had so lovingly cared for it (16:1-63), and Zedekiah the king had been treacherous in his political dealings (17:1-24). The people had no one but themselves to blame for the coming judgment (18:1-32), and no king would be able to save them (19:1-14). Exile in Babylon was certain (20:1-26), though after cleansing from the filth of idolatry there would be restoration (20:27-44). By further acted messages, Ezekiel indicated the ferocity of the Babylonians’ attack on Jerusalem (20:45-21:32). The nation was corrupt beyond reform (22:1-23:49), and only by destruction could its filth be removed (24:1-27).
After recording a number of judgments against foreign nations – Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1-17), Tyre (26:1-28:19), Sidon (28:20-26), Egypt (29:1-32:32) – Ezekiel spoke of a new phase in his work, namely, the building up of the people in preparation for the return from exile (33:1-20). Jerusalem had now fallen (33:21-33) and Israel could look forward to better government in the future than there had been in the past (34:1-31). Enemies in the land would be removed (35:1-15); restoration was assured (36:1-38). The ‘dead’ nation would come to life again (37:1-28) and God’s people could look forward to the day when all enemies would be destroyed (38:1-39:29).
Being a priest, Ezekiel pictured life in the new age as centring on an ideal temple, where God would dwell with his people and they would worship and serve him in true holiness. He described the temple (40:1-42:20), God’s coming to dwell in it (43:1-12), and the service to be carried out there (43:13-44:31).
In Ezekiel’s perfectly reconstructed national life, land for priests, Levites and king was justly allocated, and full provision was made for all the national religious festivals (45:1-46:24). Life was one of unending satisfaction, for it came from God himself (47:1-12). The tribes of Israel were given equal portions for their respective tribal territories (47:13-48:29), but the chief blessing was that God now dwelt in the midst of his people for ever (48:30-35).

Sentence search

North Gate - Designation of two gates in Ezekiel's vision of the renewed Temple, a gate entering the outer court (Ezekiel 8:14 ; Ezekiel 44:4 ; Ezekiel 46:9 ; Ezekiel 47:2 ) and a gate entering the inner court (Ezekiel 40:35 ,Ezekiel 40:35,40:40 ,Ezekiel 40:40,40:44 )
Chebar - (chee' bahr) River in Babylon where Ezekiel had visions (Ezekiel 1:1 ; Ezekiel 3:15 ; Ezekiel 10:15 ; Ezekiel 43:3 )
Hamon-Gog - ” Place where Ezekiel predicted burial of defeated army of Gog (Ezekiel 39:11 ,Ezekiel 39:11,39:15 ). See Ezekiel ; Gog; Hamonah
Settles - Apparently ledges or borders round the future altar of burnt offering, as described by Ezekiel in Ezekiel 43:14,17,20 ; Ezekiel 45:19
Tubal - (tyoo' buhl) Son of Jepheth (Genesis 10:2 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ) and ancestor of a people, known for their metalworking ability, likely of Cappadocia or Cilicia in Asia Minor (Isaiah 66:19 ; Ezekiel 27:13 ; Ezekiel 32:26 ; Ezekiel 38:2-3 ; Ezekiel 39:1 )
Ezekiel - prophet during the Babylonian Exile, son of Buzi (Ezekiel 1:3 ), and priest as well as prophet. Ezekiel's call came in 593 B. , the “thirtieth year” (Ezekiel 1:1 ), probably Ezekiel's age (though it has been interpreted as 30 years since the discovery of the law book in 622,30 years since Jehoiachin's imprisonment, or a system of Babylonian chronology). ...
Scholars have long debated whether Ezekiel was in Babylon or Jerusalem during his ministry. The book bearing his name points unmistakably to a Babylonian locale (Ezekiel 1:1-3 ; Ezekiel 3:15 ; Ezekiel 8:1-3 ; Ezekiel 33:21 ). However, it has been argued that since most of the messages were addressed to the people of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 1:1-2446 ; Ezekiel 21:2 ; Ezekiel 22:2 ), it would have been meaningless to deliver them to the exiles. Also, some believe his intimate knowledge of events in Jerusalem (for example, his description of worship practices in the Temple, Ezekiel 8:1-18 ; Pelatiah's death, Ezekiel 11:13 ) would require that he was in Jerusalem. Prophets frequently delivered messages for audiences not present (for example, the messages against foreign nations as in Ezekiel 25-32 ). Furthermore, the genuine visionary experience (through which Ezekiel claimed to receive his knowledge) cannot be dismissed arbitrarily. Therefore, there is no need to reject Babylon as the location of Ezekiel's entire ministry. ...
Ezekiel was married, but little else is known about his family life. His wife died suddenly during the siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 24:18 ). Ezekiel continued to preach until at least 571 B. (Ezekiel 29:17 ). ...
It is not known when Ezekiel died or the manner of his death. A tomb in Kifl, south of ancient Babylon, is claimed to be that of Ezekiel. ...
Much has been written about Ezekiel's personality. He has been labeled neurotic, paranoid, psychotic, or schizophrenic because of his unusual behavior (for example, lying on one side for 390 days and on the other for 40 days, Ezekiel 4:4-6 ; shaving off his hair, Ezekiel 5:1-4 ; and his many visions). Nothing God asked Ezekiel to do seemed too difficult. Only once was he reluctant to obey a command that would have made him ceremonially unclean (Ezekiel 4:14 ). ...
Historical Background Ezekiel lived in a time of international crisis and conflict. ) was taken as prisoner to Babylon after a three-months' rule, along with Ezekiel and others. ), did not heed the warnings of Ezekiel and Jeremiah. ...
Difficulties with Understanding the Book The messages of Ezekiel are not easy to understand because of their frequent use of symbolic imagery. The modern reader is not alone in struggling to understand Ezekiel. ...
History of Ezekiel Studies For centuries few questions were raised about the authenticity of Ezekiel's messages. At the end of the nineteenth century critics who questioned the unity of most other Old Testament books were still reluctant to question the unity of Ezekiel. ...
Influence of Ezekiel on the New Testament Allusions to Ezekiel in the New Testament are found most prominently in the Gospel of John and the Book of Revelation. Jesus' presentation of Himself as the Good Shepherd in John 10:1 surely was intended as a contrast to the wicked shepherd in Ezekiel 34:1 . His comparison of Himself to the vine in John 15:1 may have had in mind the parable of the vine of Ezekiel 15:1 . ...
Allusions to Ezekiel are found more frequently in the Book of Revelation than any other New Testament book. The living creatures of Ezekiel 1:1 reappear in Revelation 4:6-9 . The throne of God (Ezekiel 1:26-28 ) is described similarly in Revelation 4:2-3 . “Gog, the land of Magog” (Ezekiel 38:2 ) becomes “Gog and Magog” in Revelation 20:8 . The Temple vision of Ezekiel 40-48 has several parallels in Revelation 21-22 , with its focus on the Holy City Jerusalem and the river flowing from the throne of God. ...
Jesus' frequent reference to Himself as the Son of man is generally considered to have its origin in Daniel 7:13 , but he may have appropriated it from the 93 times God addressed Ezekiel as “son of man. ”...
Stylistic Characteristics of Ezekiel The Book of Ezekiel has been described by scholars as an artistic masterpiece. The entire book is written in the first person with the exception of Ezekiel 1:2-3 . There are at least 11 symbolic acts performed by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 3:26-27 ; Ezekiel 4:1-3 ,Ezekiel 4:1-3,4:4-8 ,Ezekiel 4:4-8,4:9-17 ; Ezekiel 5:1-4 ; Ezekiel 12:1-16 ,Ezekiel 12:1-16,12:17-20 ; Ezekiel 21:6 ,Ezekiel 2:1-244:18-23 ; Ezekiel 24:15-24 ; Ezekiel 37:15-23 ). Visions form the content of 17 of the 48 chapters (1-3; 8-11; Ezekiel 37:1-14 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ). The imaginative use of figurative language was characteristic of Ezekiel (the watchman, Ezekiel 3:17-21 ; Ezekiel 33:1-9 ; a refining furnace, Ezekiel 22:17-22 ; Tyre as a merchant ship, Ezekiel 27:1-36 ; Pharaoh as a crocodile, Ezekiel 29:2-5 ). Ezekiel proclaimed many messages by means of allegory (Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 16:1-63 ; Ezekiel 17:1-24 ; Ezekiel 23:1-49 ; Ezekiel 24:3-14 ). Messages of judgment on other nations, Ezekiel 25:1-32:32 ...
3. Messages of coming restoration of Israel, Ezekiel 33:1-39:29 ...
4. A vision of the restored people of God, Ezekiel 40:1-48:35 ...
God first appeared to Ezekiel in a storm cloud seated on a throne surrounded by cherubim (Ezekiel 1:1-28 ; Ezekiel 10:15 ). He commissioned Ezekiel to go to an “impudent children and stiffhearted” (Ezekiel 2:4 ) and gave him a scroll to eat (Ezekiel 3:1-3 ), symbolizing his complete identification with God's Word. ...
After Ezekiel returned to the exiles in Tel-Abib, God spoke to him again, addressing him as “watchman” (Ezekiel 3:17 ) as a reminder of his responsibility to His people. God imposed silence on him for the next seven and one half years so that he could not speak unless he had a message from God (Ezekiel 3:26-27 ; Ezekiel 33:21-22 ). ...
Ezekiel's ministry began with the performance of a series of symbolic acts, all designed to communicate God's warnings of the coming siege of Jerusalem and the scattering of its people (Ezekiel 4:1-5:17 ). Ezekiel 8-11 contain an extended vision that took Ezekiel to Jerusalem where he saw abominable worship practices in the Temple ( Ezekiel 8:1-18 ). ...
Ezekiel pronounced woes on the false prophets and prophetesses who were leading the people astray (Ezekiel 13:1-23 ). However, he did not exempt each individual from his or her responsibility before God (Ezekiel 18:1-32 ). God told Ezekiel not to weep when his wife died during the siege of Jerusalem to communicate to the people that God's sympathy for His disobedient people was exhausted (Ezekiel 24:16-17 , Ezekiel 24:22-24 ). ...
Along with all the prophets except Hosea, Ezekiel did not limit his messages to the covenant people. Ezekiel 25-32 contain a series of messages against the surrounding nations. ...
After Jerusalem fell, Ezekiel changed the emphasis of his messages. Therefore, the rest of the book, beginning with Ezekiel 33:1 , contains mainly messages of hope. The vision of the valley of dry bones dramatically proclaimed the future resurrection of the nation (Ezekiel 37:1-14 ). The prophecies concerning Gog of the land of Magog gave assurance that God would protect His people from their enemies (Ezekiel 38:1-39:29 ). ...
The closing vision of the restored community announced hope for God's people in the future (Ezekiel 40:1-48:35 ). ...
Major Themes Prominent themes of the book include God's presence (Ezekiel 1:26-28 ; Ezekiel 48:35 ), the sovereign authority of God over all nations (Israel as well as pagan nations), individual responsibility (Ezekiel 18:1-32 ), righteousness (Ezekiel 18:5-9 ), submission to God as the key to blessing (Ezekiel 9:4 ; Ezekiel 16:60-63 ; Ezekiel 18:30-32 ; Ezekiel 36:22-38 ), and hope for the future of the people of God (37–48). Introduction: Yahweh's Glory Watches Over the Captives in Babylon (Ezekiel 1:1-28 ). By calling Ezekiel to be a prophet (Ezekiel 2:1-3:27 )...
B. By predicting the fall of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 4:1-5:17 )...
C. By condemning Jerusalem's idolatry and sins (Ezekiel 6:1-7:27 )...
D. By describing and explaining why the Glory departed from the city (Ezekiel 8:1-11: Fairs - Ezekiel 27:12, "traded in thy fairs"; Hebrew 'izbonaik , referring to exports; paid for thy wares, made thy exchanges; in Ezekiel 27:33 its true meaning is given, "thy wares. " The marab , "market" (Ezekiel 27:13; Ezekiel 27:17; Ezekiel 27:19), rather merchandise, refers to the imports
Beyond the River - The official Persian usage is reflected in the Books of Ezra (Ezekiel 4:10-20 ; Ezekiel 5:3 ,Ezekiel 5:3,5:6 ; Ezekiel 6:6 ,Ezekiel 6:6,6:8 ,Ezekiel 6:8,6:13 ; Ezekiel 7:21 ,Ezekiel 7:21,7:25 ; Ezekiel 8:36 ) and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 2:7 ,Nehemiah 2:7,2:9 ; Nehemiah 3:7 )
Living Beings, Living Creatures - Characters in Ezekiel's first vision (Ezekiel 1:5 ,Ezekiel 1:5,1:13-15 ,Ezekiel 1:13-15,1:19-20 ,Ezekiel 1:19-20,1:22 ; also Ezekiel 3:13 ; Ezekiel 10:1 ). The creatures are later identified as cherubim (Ezekiel 10:20 ). Central to this interpretation is the One seated on the throne above all the creatures (Ezekiel 1:26-28 )
Ezekiel - Among the people of Judah taken captive to Babylon in 597 BC was the young priest Ezekiel. He would become a prophet, or messenger of God, to the Jews in Babylon (Ezekiel 1:1-3; Ezekiel 2:3; Ezekiel 2:5; Ezekiel 2:7; Ezekiel 3:4). His prophetic preaching lasted at least twenty-two years (Ezekiel 29:17), and much of it is recorded in the biblical book that he wrote. ...
Ezekiel’s preaching...
At the time Ezekiel began preaching in Babylon, Jerusalem had not been destroyed. He warned that when Babylon finally lost patience, it would destroy city and temple alike (Ezekiel 4:1-2; Ezekiel 5:12; Ezekiel 6:1-7; Ezekiel 7:5-9). ...
The exiles responded to Ezekiel’s preaching by refusing to believe his prophecies of judgment, but when Jerusalem finally fell they accepted that he was a true prophet. People came to listen to him, but though they regarded him as an unusual and interesting person, they still took little notice of what he said (Ezekiel 33:21; Ezekiel 33:30-33). ...
Certainly Ezekiel was unusual. He acted some of his messages with very unorthodox behaviour (Ezekiel 4; Ezekiel 5; Ezekiel 12:1-16), gave the most striking and colourful illustrations (Ezekiel 16; Ezekiel 17:1-21; Ezekiel 23), and recounted the strangest visions (Ezekiel 1:4-28; Ezekiel 8; Ezekiel 9; Ezekiel 10; Ezekiel 11; Ezekiel 37). ...
Ezekiel was not just a preacher of doom. In dramatic symbolic pictures he spoke of the ultimate destruction of evil and the triumph of God’s people (Ezekiel 38; Ezekiel 39). His picture of the golden age was one of an ideal national life, where God dwelt in the midst of his people and they worshipped him in a religious order that was perfect in every detail (Ezekiel 40; Ezekiel 41; Ezekiel 42; Ezekiel 43; Ezekiel 44; Ezekiel 45; Ezekiel 46; Ezekiel 47; Ezekiel 48). ...
Contents of the book of Ezekiel...
After seeing a vision of the glorious chariot-throne of God (1:1-28), Ezekiel was called by God to take his message to a people who, God warned, would be very stubborn (2:1-3:27). Ezekiel then announced God’s judgment on Jerusalem. ...
In a fresh series of visions Ezekiel was taken, as it were, to Jerusalem, where he saw people engaging in idolatry in the temple (8:1-18). By further acting and preaching, Ezekiel stressed the certainty of the coming siege and exile (12:1-28), and condemned the false prophets who were building up false hopes of security among the doomed people (13:1-23). By further acted messages, Ezekiel indicated the ferocity of the Babylonians’ attack on Jerusalem (20:45-21:32). ...
After recording a number of judgments against foreign nations – Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1-17), Tyre (26:1-28:19), Sidon (28:20-26), Egypt (29:1-32:32) – Ezekiel spoke of a new phase in his work, namely, the building up of the people in preparation for the return from exile (33:1-20). ...
Being a priest, Ezekiel pictured life in the new age as centring on an ideal temple, where God would dwell with his people and they would worship and serve him in true holiness. ...
In Ezekiel’s perfectly reconstructed national life, land for priests, Levites and king was justly allocated, and full provision was made for all the national religious festivals (45:1-46:24)
bu'zi - (contempt ), father of Ezekiel the prophet. ( Ezekiel 1:3 )
Chambers of Imagery - Phrase of uncertain meaning (Ezekiel 8:12 ). It could refer to secret rooms containing idols or pictures on the walls (see Ezekiel 8:10 ; Ezekiel 23:14 ) probably related to pagan religions. Whatever “chambers of imagery” refers to, that which was taking place in the Temple during the days of Ezekiel was displeasing to God
Buzi - Father of Ezekiel the prophet and priest. Ezekiel 1:3
Tire - KJV term meaning, “turban” (Ezekiel 24:17 ,Ezekiel 24:17,24:23 )
Ham'Onah - (multitude ), the name of a city mentioned in Ezekiel. ( Ezekiel 39:16 )
Measuring Reed - Ezekiel's measuring reed was a cane about 10 feet long used as a measuring tool (Ezekiel 40:3 ,Ezekiel 40:3,40:5-6 ,Ezekiel 40:5-6,40:7-8 ; compare Revelation 21:15-16 )
Chebar - A river in Chaldæa, Ezekiel 1:1; Ezekiel 1:3; Ezekiel 3:16, etc
Needlework - Needlework was included in the prize spoils of war (Judges 5:30 ) and in lists of luxury items for trade (Ezekiel 27:16 ,Ezekiel 27:16,27:24 ). Embroidered garments were the clothing of royalty (Ezekiel 16:10 ,Ezekiel 16:10,16:13 ,Ezekiel 16:13,16:18 ; Ezekiel 26:16 )
Battering Ram - Ezekiel 4:2. The engines of Ezekiel 26:9 were most likely battering-rains, mentioned under the name of rams. Ezekiel 4:2; Ezekiel 21:22. ; Ezekiel 26:8, marg
Veils - See Kerchiefs for the reference to veils in Ezekiel 13:18 ,Ezekiel 13:18,13:20
Aswan - (a' sswahn) NIV, TEV reading in Ezekiel 29:10 ; Ezekiel 30:6 for Syene
Jehovah-Shammah - Jehovah is there, the name given by Ezekiel, Ezekiel 48:35 , to a future holy city
Jealousy - See under Ezekiel 8:3,5 , is the same with Thammuz in Ezekiel 8:14
Engines - Ezekiel (Ezekiel 26:9) alludes to battering rams, mehhi qaballo , "a striking of that which is in front," whether with a battering ram, or balista, or catapult; "he shall set an apparatus for striking against thy walls"; also Ezekiel 21:22; Ezekiel 4:2, karim , translated "captains" in Ezekiel 21:22, where see margin
Oholibah - ” Younger sister in the allegory of Ezekiel 23:1 identified with Jerusalem ( Ezekiel 23:4 ,Ezekiel 23:4,23:11-49 )
Buzi - ” Priest and father of Ezekiel, the prophet and priest (Ezekiel 1:3 )
Ezekias - (ehz eh ki' uhss) KJV spelling of Ezekiel in the New Testament following the Greek spelling there. See Ezekiel
ma'Gog - In ( Genesis 10:2 ) Magog appears as the second son of Japheth; in (Ezekiel 38:2 ; 39:1,6 ) it appears as a country or people of which Gog was the prince. The notices of Magog would lead us to fix a northern locality: it is expressly stated by Ezekiel that "he was to come up from the sides of the north," (Ezekiel 39:2 ) from a country adjacent to that of Togarmah or Armenia, Ezekiel 39:6 ) The people of Magog further appear as having a force of cavalry, (Ezekiel 38:16 ) and as armed with the bow. (Ezekiel 39:3 ) From the above data, may conclude that Magog represents the important race of the Scythians
Tel-Abib - Hill of corn, a place on the river Chebar, the residence of Ezekiel (Ezekiel 3:15 )
Oarsmen - NIV term for those who row a galley (Ezekiel 27:8 ,Ezekiel 27:8,27:26 )
Hazar-Enan - HAZAR-ENAN (once Ezekiel 47:17 Hazar-enon ). A place mentioned in Numbers 34:9-10 as the northern boundary of Israel, and in Ezekiel 47:17 ; Ezekiel 48:1 as one of the ideal boundaries
Hethlon - A place mentioned by Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 47:15 ; Ezekiel 48:1 ) as situated on the ideal northern boundary of Israel
Kerchiefs - KJV translation of the Hebrew word translated as veils in modern translations of Ezekiel 13:18 ,Ezekiel 13:18,13:21 . Ezekiel compares the kerchiefs or veils used by women who prophesied “out of their own minds” to nets used to catch birds. God declared through Ezekiel that he would free His people from the snares these women set for them
Diblah - An unknown place mentioned by Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 6:14 )
Chebar - The river in the land of the Chaldeans, near to which Ezekiel was dwelling, when some of his visions were revealed to him. Ezekiel 1:1,3 ; Ezekiel 3:15 ; etc
Hazarhatticon - boundary of the land in Ezekiel. Ezekiel 47:16
Pasture - The same Hebrew term designates open space around a city or the sanctuary (Ezekiel 27:28 ; Ezekiel 45:2 ; Ezekiel 48:17 )
Meshech - A people of Asia Minor (Genesis 10:2 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ), known for trading in copper vessels (Ezekiel 27:13 ), frequently associated with Tubal (Ezekiel 32:26 ; Ezekiel 38:2-3 ; Ezekiel 39:1 )
Azur - Father of Jaazaniah, prince of the people, against whom Ezekiel prophesied. Ezekiel 11:1
Sibra'im - (twofold hope ), one of the landmarks on the northern boundary of the holy land as stated by Ezekiel. ( Ezekiel 47:16 ) It has not been identified
Amber - Ezekiel 1:4; Ezekiel 1:27; Ezekiel 8:2. Compare Ezekiel 1:7, brass in a glow or white heat; Ezra 8:27 margin; Revelation 1:15, "His feet like unto glowing brass" (chalcolibanus ; from libben , "whiten;" brass in a white heat), "as if made red hot in a furnace
Amber - AMBER ( chashmal , Ezekiel 1:4 ; Ezekiel 1:27 ; Ezekiel 8:2 ). ) has, however, shown that amber may well have been known to Ezekiel
Calkers, Calking - Those who place some substance like bitumen into the seams of a ship's planking to make it watertight (Ezekiel 27:9 ,Ezekiel 27:9,27:27 )
Chebar - A river of Chaldaea, where Ezekiel saw his earlier visions (Ezekiel 1:1; Ezekiel 1:3; Ezekiel 3:15; Ezekiel 3:23). Tradition places Ezekiel's tomb at Keffil, which favors our placing Chebar in Chaldaea, rather than upper Mesopotamia
Height - ...
Ezekiel 19:11 (b) By this figure we understand that the nation of Israel had risen above all the nations about her, both in strength, power and riches. ...
Ezekiel 31:5, Ezekiel 31:10, Ezekiel 31:14 (a) Assyria is thus represented as being at the top of the nations. ...
Ezekiel 32:5 (a) Hereby we learn that GOD will humble and bring down in defeat and humiliation Pharaoh, the King of Egypt
Foursquare - Apparently it was the shape of the 'panels' of the base of the molten sea in Solomon's temple, 1 Kings 7:31 ; also of the court of the future temple, Ezekiel 40:47 ; the altar of the same, Ezekiel 43:16 ; the portion of the land offered as a holy oblation, Ezekiel 48:20 ; for the sanctuary, Ezekiel 45:2 ; and for the city, Ezekiel 48:16
Gog And Magog - According to Ezekiel, Gog was prince of Magog, Ezekiel 38:2-3 , &c; Ezekiel 39:1-2 , &c. The prophecy of Ezekiel, Ezekiel 39:1-22 , seems to be revived in the Apocalypse, where the hosts of Gog and Magog are represented as coming to invade "the beloved city," and perishing with immense slaughter likewise in Armageddon, "the mount of Mageddo," or Megiddo, Revelation 16:14-16 ; Revelation 20:7-10
Jehovah-Shammah - Jehovah is there, the symbolical title given by Ezekiel to Jerusalem, which was seen by him in vision (Ezekiel 48:35 )
Pelatiah - (1 Chronicles 4:42) There was another of this name in the days of Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 11:1)
Inkhorn - KJV term for a case in which ingredients for making ink were kept (Ezekiel 9:2-3 ,Ezekiel 9:2-3,9:11 )
Hazer-Hatticon - A place named among the boundaries of (ideal) Israel ( Ezekiel 47:16 ). ]'>[1] be correct, Hazer-hatticon is quite unknown; but there can be no reasonable doubt that we ought to emend to Hazar-enon as in Ezekiel 47:17-18 and Ezekiel 48:1
Oholah - ” A woman's name Ezekiel used to portray Samaria (Ezekiel 23:1-10 ). God declared through the prophet that Samaria eventually would be delivered into the hands of her “lover,” Assyria (Ezekiel 23:9 )
Bath - It was used to measure the molten sea in the Temple (1Kings 7:26,1 Kings 7:38 ) as well as oil and wine (2 Chronicles 2:10 ; Ezra 7:22 ; Isaiah 5:10 ; Ezekiel 45:14 ). The bath was one-tenth of a homer (Ezekiel 45:11 ,Ezekiel 45:11,45:14 )
Hamon-Gog - The name to be given to the valley (outside the Holy Land) where Gog and all his multitude are to be buried ( Ezekiel 39:11 ; Ezekiel 39:15 )
Gallery - An architectural feature of the Temple annex (Ezekiel 41:15-16 ) and two buildings near the Temple (Ezekiel 42:3 ,Ezekiel 42:3,42:5 ). In this case the Temple measurements in Ezekiel 41:15-16 would refer to the base of the elevated inner court. English translators understand either a reference to interior corridors of the...
Temple annex or columned porches (contrast Ezekiel 42:6 ). The two buildings in Ezekiel 42:1 were apparently constructed “stairstep” style with each floor smaller than the one beneath it
Bamah - A height, a name used simply to denote a high place where the Jews worshipped idols (Ezekiel 20:29 ). The plural is translated "high places" in Numbers 22:41 and Ezekiel 36:2
Telabib - Ezekiel remained there 'astonished' seven days with those in captivity, and there the word came to him from Jehovah. Ezekiel 3:15
Jealousy, Image of - An idolatrous object, seen in vision by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 8:3,5 ), which stood in the priests' or inner court of the temple
Ezekiel, Book of - After an account of his call to the prophetical office ((1-3:21),), Ezekiel (1) utters words of denunciation against the Jews (3:22-24), warning them of the certain destruction of Jerusalem, in opposition to the words of the false prophets (4:1-3). ) ...
Prophecies against various surrounding nations: against the Ammonites (Ezekiel 25:1-7 ), the Moabites (8-11), the Edomites (12-14), the Philistines (15-17), Tyre and Sidon (26-28), and against Egypt (29-32). ...
...
Prophecies delivered after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar: the triumphs of Israel and of the kingdom of God on earth (Ezekiel 33-39 ); Messianic times, and the establishment and prosperity of the kingdom of God (40;48). The closing visions of this book are referred to in the book of Revelation (Ezekiel 38 =Rev 38=20:8 ; Eze Ezekiel 22:1,2 ). (Compare Romans 2:24 with Ezekiel 36:2 ; Romans 10:5 , Galatians 3:12 with Ezekiel 20:11 ; 2 Peter 3:4 with Ezekiel 12:22 . ) ...
It may be noted that Daniel, fourteen years after his deportation from Jerusalem, is mentioned by (Ezekiel 14:14 ) along with Noah and Job as distinguished for his righteousness, and some five years later he is spoken of as pre-eminent for his wisdom (28:3). ...
Ezekiel's prophecies are characterized by symbolical and allegorical representations, "unfolding a rich series of majestic visions and of colossal symbols. ) "The mode of representation, in which symbols and allegories occupy a prominent place, gives a dark, mysterious character to the prophecies of Ezekiel. " ...
Ezekiel is singular in the frequency with which he refers to the Pentateuch (e. , Ezekiel 27 ; 28:13 ; 31:8 ; 36:11,34 ; 47:13 , etc. He shows also an acquaintance with the writings of Hosea (Ezekiel 37:22 ), Isaiah (Ezekiel 8:12 ; 29:6 ), and especially with those of Jeremiah, his older contemporary (Jeremiah 24:7,9 ; 48:37 )
Pelatiah - One seen in a vision by Ezekiel, described as son of Benaiah, and who devised mischief and gave wicked counsel in the city, He died when Ezekiel prophesied. Ezekiel 11:1,13
Amber - Also translated as gleaming bronze (RSV, but amber in NRSV), glowing metal (NAS, NIV), bronze (TEV, Ezekiel 1:4 ,Ezekiel 1:4,1:27 ; Ezekiel 8:2 )
Cherub - The cherubim are variously represented as living creatures, Genesis 3:24; Ezekiel 1:1-28; Revelation 4:1-11; or as images wrought in tapestry, gold, or wood, Exodus 36:35; Exodus 37:7; Ezekiel 41:25; as having one, two, or four faces, Exodus 25:20; Ezekiel 41:18; Ezekiel 10:14, as having two, four, or six wings, 1 Kings 6:27; Ezekiel 1:6; Revelation 4:8; in the simplest form, as in the golden figures above the ark of the covenant; or in the most complex and sublime form, as in Ezekiel's wonderful visions of the glory of God—discerning and ruling all things, and executing irresistibly and with the speed of thought all his wise and just decrees. Ezekiel 1:10. Ezekiel 1:1-28; Ezekiel 10:1-22; Ezekiel 41:1-26; Revelation 4:1-11. Usually also the cherubim stand in a special nearness to God; they are engaged in the loftiest adoration and service, moving in instant accordance with his will, Psalms 18:10; Ezekiel 1:26; Ezekiel 10:20; Revelation 4:1-11; they are seen in the temple inseparably associated with the mercy-seat, "the cherubim of glory," Hebrews 9:5—made of the same mass of pure gold, bending reverently over the place of God's presence, Psalms 99:1, where he met his people, Numbers 7:89, accepting the blood of atonement, Leviticus 16:14-16; they shone forth as their Saviour
Ezekiel, Book of - The book divides itself into distinct portions: the first extends to the end of Ezekiel 24 . The second portion is respecting God's judgements on the nations that surrounded the promised land, and which had been more or less connected with Israel: Ezekiel 25 to end of Ezekiel 32 . Ezekiel 33 : to end of Ezekiel 39 . " Ezekiel 40 : to the end. ...
Ezekiel 1 . ...
* The thirtieth year of Ezekiel 1:1 is doubtless the year of the Babylonian kingdom which was founded by Nabo-polassar in B. ...
Ezekiel 2 , Ezekiel 3 are preliminary. Ezekiel must speak, whether Israel will hear or not: he must eat (that is, accept in his own soul) the book of prophecy, and be faithful in warning the wicked. ...
Ezekiel 4 — Ezekiel 7 . ...
Ezekiel 8 speaks of the idolatry that was in connection with the temple though much of it was in secret and had to be dug out. ...
Ezekiel 9 . ...
Ezekiel 10 , Ezekiel 11 . ...
Ezekiel 12 . ...
Ezekiel 13 . ...
Ezekiel 14 , Ezekiel 15 . ...
Ezekiel 16 . ...
Ezekiel 17 — Ezekiel 20 . ...
Ezekiel 21 — Ezekiel 24 . The invasion and destruction of Jerusalem; during the relation of which the wife of Ezekiel, the desire of his eyes, died. ...
Ezekiel 25 — Ezekiel 32 are the prophecies against the Gentile nations which surrounded Palestine, and which had at one time or another intercourse with Israel. Ezekiel 28:11-19 . Ezekiel 28:20-26 are against Zidon. Ezekiel 29 to end of Ezekiel 32 are against Egypt, which is typical of the pride of nature, or the world of nature. ...
Ezekiel 33-36 are prophecies against Israel, to be followed by future restoration and blessing, and judgement on those who will oppress them. In Ezekiel 33 - 35. In Ezekiel 36 there is blessing for them. ...
Ezekiel 37 is restoration, under the vision of the valley of dry bones and the two sticks. ...
Ezekiel 38 , Ezekiel 39 . In Ezekiel 38:2 , instead of "O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal," the LXX reads, "O Gog, . Rosh, prince of Mesoch and Thobal," and so again in Ezekiel 39:1 . ...
Ezekiel 40 — Ezekiel 48 refer to the future temple and the sacrifices, with the division of the land among the twelve tribes. But in Ezekiel the instructions for the temple follow the restoration of the twelve tribes, and the destruction of their opposing enemies. That there is deep moral import in the details is evident from Ezekiel 43:10,11 , though there may be many physical changes in the land. The whole of the land will be possessed and be divided into twelve portions (besides a holy portion for the sanctuary, the priests, the Levites, and the city, the temple not being built in the future Jerusalem:see TEMPLE,EZEKIEL'S). "...
The Book of Ezekiel is thus full of interest to the Christian as showing the great care God had for His people during their captivity, and the bright scene of future earthly blessing that is spread out before them
Gallery - It is found only in the description of Ezekiel’s temple ( Ezekiel 41:18 ; Ezekiel 41:16 ; Ezekiel 42:8 ; Ezekiel 42:8 )
Occupy - The ‘occupier’ of Ezekiel 27:27 is a ‘trader,’ and ‘to occupy’ ( Ezekiel 27:9 , Luke 19:13 ) is ‘to trade
Noph - (nahf) Variant form of Moph, the Hebrew term for Memphis (Isaiah 19:13 ; Jeremiah 2:16 ; Jeremiah 44:1 ; Jeremiah 46:14 ,Jeremiah 46:14,46:19 ; Ezekiel 30:13 ,Ezekiel 30:13,30:16 )
No - (Nahum 3:8) And Jeremiah and Ezekiel both speak of this city. (Jeremiah 46:25; Ezekiel 30:14, etc
Gap - A rent or opening in a wall (Ezekiel 13:5 ; Compare Amos 4:3 ). The false prophets did not stand in the gap (Ezekiel 22 :: 30 ), i
Hamonah - ” Town in valley of Hamon-gog where Israel would bury the defeated army of Gog (Ezekiel 39:16 ). The exact meaning and location of the city are not clear except that Ezekiel was determined that Israel would keep the land ritually pure in all circumstances. See Ezekiel ; Gog; Hamon-gog
Sidon - For example, Tyre, being the larger and more prosperous port, may have symbolized the greed and arrogance that Phoenicia as a whole developed because of its international shipping activity (Isaiah 23:1; Isaiah 23:8; Isaiah 23:17; Ezekiel 27:3; Ezekiel 27:25; Ezekiel 28:5; Ezekiel 28:9; Ezekiel 28:16)
Scum - Ezekiel 24:6 (a) This describes the evil character of the leaders of Jerusalem (the "top" ones). " (See Ezekiel 24:11-12)
Jaaziniah - We meet with this name several times in the Bible, (2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 35:3; Ezekiel 8:11 and Ezekiel 11:1) The name itself is a compound of Jazen and Jah, the Lord will hear
Flock - God's people are sometimes described as sheep without a shepherd (Numbers 27:17 ; Ezekiel 34:5 ,Ezekiel 34:5,34:8 ; Matthew 9:36 ; Mark 6:34 ), that is, in need of leaders who would rule them justly and nurture them spiritually. God's people can be described as a flock shepherded by God (Psalm 100:3 ; Jeremiah 23:3 ; Ezekiel 34:31 ) or by Christ, the “great Shepherd of the sheep” (Hebrews 13:20 ; compare John 10:11 ; 1 Peter 5:4 ). In Ezekiel 34:1 the fat, strong sheep (the oppressive leaders of Israel) are separated from the weak sheep that they victimized ( Ezekiel 34:16-17 ,Ezekiel 34:16-17,34:20-21 )
Forehead - In Jeremiah 3:3 a whore’s forehead is a type of shamelessness; in Ezekiel 3:8 ; Ezekiel 3:8 the forehead stands for obstinacy. In Ezekiel 9:4 the righteous receive a mark, probably the letter Taw , on their forehead. For Ezekiel 16:12 , see RV Galleries - In Ezekiel 41:15; Ezekiel 42:3, "the galleries" are terrace buildings. Smith's Bible Dictionary identifies the" pillars" and "galleries," Ezekiel 42:3; Ezekiel 42:5-6; "the reason of the upper chambers being shorter is ascribed to the absence of supporting pillars which allowed an extra length to the chambers of the lower story; the space included within the pillars would form an open gallery
Ezekiel, the Book of - (See Ezekiel
a'Zur, - (Jeremiah 28:1 ) ...
Father of Jaazaniah, one of the princes of the people against whom Ezekiel was commanded to prophesy. (Ezekiel 11:1 )
Berothah, Berothai - A city of Syria, despoiled by David ( 2 Samuel 8:8 ), and named by Ezekiel as a limiting point in his ideal restoration of the kingdom ( Ezekiel 47:16 ). Ezekiel places it between Hamath and Damascus; the site is otherwise unknown
Fuel - Numerous types of fuel are mentioned in Scripture: wood (Isaiah 44:14-16 ); charcoal (Jeremiah 36:22 ; John 18:18 ); shrubs (Psalm 120:4 ); thorn bushes (Ecclesiastes 7:6 ; Nahum 1:10 ); grass (Matthew 6:30 ); weeds (Matthew 13:40 ); vines (Ezekiel 15:4 ,Ezekiel 15:4,15:6 ); branch trimmings (John 15:6 ); animal or even human dung (Ezekiel 4:12 ); and the blood-stained clothing of fallen warriors (Isaiah 9:5 ). Disobedient Israel is portrayed as “fuel for the fire” (Isaiah 9:19 ; Ezekiel 15:6 ; Ezekiel 21:32 )
Mesech - Mesech (mç'sek), Psalms 120:5, or Meshech (mç'shek), Ezekiel 32:26, a son of Japheth, whose descendants are supposed to have settled in Armenia. Ezekiel 27:13
Repentance - A national repentance, such as the Jews in Babylon were called unto; to which temporal blessings were promised, Ezekiel 18:1-32 ; Ezekiel 19:1-14 ; Ezekiel 20:1-49 ; Ezekiel 21:1-32 ; Ezekiel 22:1-31 ; Ezekiel 23:1-49 ; Ezekiel 24:1-27 ; Ezekiel 25:1-17 ; Ezekiel 26:1-21 ; Ezekiel 27:1-36 ; Ezekiel 28:1-26 ; Ezekiel 29:1-21 ; Ezekiel 30:1-26 ; Ezekiel 31:1-18 ; Ezekiel 32:1-30
Beard - To have one's beard shaved was an insult (2 Samuel 10:4-5 ; Isaiah 50:6 ) or used as a sign by the prophets of coming destruction (Isaiah 7:20 ; Isaiah 15:2 ; Jeremiah 41:5 ; Jeremiah 48:37 ; Ezekiel 5:1 ). ” The same word is also translated “lip” ( Leviticus 13:45 ; Ezekiel 24:17 ,Ezekiel 24:17,24:22 ; Micah 3:7 , KJV, NRSV), “[1] face” (NIV, TEV), “mouth” (Micah 3:7 , NAS, REB), “mustache” (Leviticus 13:45 ; Ezekiel 24:17 ,Ezekiel 24:17,24:22 , NAS), “upper lip” (Leviticus 13:45 , REB), and “beard” (Ezekiel 24:17 ,Ezekiel 24:17,24:22 , REB)
Kerchiefs - couvrechef , a covering for the head) are mentioned only in Ezekiel 13:18 ; Ezekiel 13:21 , a somewhat obscure passage having reference to certain forms of divination or sorcery, which required the head to be covered. They evidently varied in length with the height of the wearer ( Ezekiel 13:18 ), and perhaps resembled the long veils worn by the female captives from Lachish represented on an Assyr
en-Egla'im - (fountain of the two calves ), a place named only by Ezekiel, ( Ezekiel 47:10 ) apparently as on the Dead Sea; but whether near to or far from Engedi, on the east or the west side of the sea, it is impossible to ascertain
Fairs, - a word which occurs only in (Ezekiel 27:1 ) . (Ezekiel 27:12,14,16,19,22,27,33 ) in the last of these verses it is rendered "wares," and this we believe to be the true meaning of the word throughout
Sin, - a city of Egypt, mentioned only by Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 30:15,16 ) The name is Hebrew, or at least Semitic, perhaps signifying clay . ( Exodus 16:1 ; Numbers 33:11 ) Ezekiel speaks of Sin as "Sin the strongholds of Egypt. " (Ezekiel 30:15 ) This place was held by Egypt from that time until the period of the Romans
Ezekiel - Son of Buzi (Ezekiel 1:3), a priest. His priestly service was as real in the spiritual temple in Chaldaea as it had been in the visible temple at Jerusalem (Ezekiel 11; Ezekiel 40-48; Ezekiel 4:13-14; Ezekiel 20:12-13). This fact, and his expressly calling himself "the priest" (Ezekiel 1:3), favor the view that his mention of the 30th fear of his own age is in order to mark his entering on a priestly ministry to his exiled countrymen (that being the usual age, Numbers 4:23; Numbers 4:30; "the heavens being opened" to him, as they were to his Antitype in beginning His ministry in His 30th year at Jordan, Luke 3:21-23). The best of the people were apparently the first carried away (Ezekiel 11:16; Jeremiah 24:2-8; Jeremiah 24:10). ...
Thus, Ezekiel's sphere of ministry was less impeded by his countrymen than Jeremiah's at home. Ezekiel began his ministry the next or fifth year, confirming Jeremiah's words. )...
Telabib (Thelaba) was his "house," where the elders came to inquire of him God's communications (Ezekiel 3:15; Ezekiel 8:1). They were eager to return to Jerusalem, but Ezekiel taught that they must first return to their God. He was married, but lost his wife by a sudden stroke (Ezekiel 24:18). His prophesying continued for 22 years at least, down to the 27th year of the captivity (Ezekiel 29:17). On comparing Ezekiel 13 with Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 8:11; Jeremiah 23:9-10; Jeremiah 23:16; Jeremiah 23:26; and Ezekiel 34, with Jeremiah 23:4-5; Jeremiah 23:33, we see the inner harmony between the two prophets, though Ezekiel did not receive his commission until toward the close of Jeremiah's prophesying; the latter having prophesied 34 years before Ezekiel, and continuing to prophesy six or seven years after him. ...
Ezekiel began prophesying the year after the communication of Jeremiah's predictions to Babylon (Jeremiah 51:59-64); Ezekiel's prophecies form a sequel to them (Ezekiel 1:2). Yet in natural character they widely differ: Jeremiah plaintive, sensitive to a fault, and tender; Ezekiel abrupt, unbending, firmly unflinching, with priestly zeal against gainsayers. He was contemporary also with Daniel, whose ministry was then in the Babylonian court whereas Ezekiel was among the Jews. Daniel's prophecies were later than those of Ezekiel, but his fame for piety and wisdom was already established (Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 16: 28; Ezekiel 16:3); and the Jews in their low state naturally prided themselves on one who reflected such glory on their nation at the pagan capital (Daniel 1-2). Ezekiel and Daniel have a mutual resemblance in the visions and images in their prophecies. Ezekiel gave no needless offense to the government under which he lived, Jeremiah on the other hand was still in Judaea. The improved character of the people toward the close of the captivity, their renunciation of idolatry thenceforth and return to the law under Ezra, were primarily under God due in a great measure to Ezekiel's labors. "...
He zealously upheld the ceremonies of the law (Ezekiel 4:14; Ezekiel 22:8, etc. The phrase shows how tenderly he loved her; yet with priestly prostration of every affection before God's will he puts on no mourning, in order to convey a prophetical lesson to his people (Ezekiel 24:15-25). The fondness for particulars appears in contrasting his prophecy concerning Tyre (Ezekiel 28) with Isaiah's (Isaiah 23). Thus, Ezekiel molded their minds to the conviction that the essence of the law could be maintained where many of its forms could not be observed, a new phase in the kingdom of God; the synagogal worship which he maintained, consisting of prayer and the word, preparing the way for the gospel wherein God who is a spirit is worshipped acceptably by the spiritual wherever they be. His frequent repetitions give weight and force to his pictures; poetical parallelism is found only in Ezekiel 7; Ezekiel 21; Ezekiel 27; Ezekiel 28-30. Sirach 49:8 refers to Ezekiel. The earlier part, treating mainly of sin and judgment (Ezekiel 1-32), is a key to the latter part, which holds out a glorious hope in the last days when the judgments shall have had their designed effect. ...
Previously, he calls to repentance, and rebukes blind trust in Egypt or in man (Ezekiel 17:15-17; compare Jeremiah 37:7). His prophecies against seven (the number for completeness) foreign nations stand between these two divisions, and were uttered in the interval between the knowledge of Nebuchadnezzar's siege (Ezekiel 24:2, etc. ) and the news that Jerusalem was taken (Ezekiel 33:21), yet uttered with the prophetic certainty of its capture, so that it is taken as a past fact (Ezekiel 26:2). One however of this series (Ezekiel 29:17) belongs to the 27th year of the captivity, and is therefore later than the temple series (Ezekiel 40:1), which was in the 25th. There are nine sections:...
(1) Ezekiel's call: Ezekiel 1-3; 15. ...
(2) Symbolical prophecies of Jerusalem's fall: Ezekiel 3:16-17. ...
(3) A year and two months later a vision of the temple polluted by Tammuz or Adonis worship; God's consequent scattering of fire over the city, and forsaking the temple to reveal Himself to an inquiring people in exile; purer, happier times follow: Ezekiel 8-11. ...
(4) Sins of the several classes, priests, prophets, and princes: Ezekiel 12-19. ...
(5) A year later the warning of judgment for national guilt repeated more distinctly as the time drew nearer: Ezekiel 20-2. ...
(6) Two years and five months later, the very day on which Ezekiel speaks, is announced as that of beginning the siege; Jerusalem shall fall: Ezekiel 24. ...
(7) Predictions against foreign nations during Ezekiel's silence regarding his own people; since judgment begins at the house of God it will visit the pagan world: Ezekiel 25-32; some of these were uttered later than others, but all began to be given (Havernick) after the fall of Jerusalem. ...
(8) In the 12th year of the captivity, when the fugitives from Jerusalem (Ezekiel 33:21) had reached Chaldaea, he foretells better times, Israel's restoration, God's kingdom triumphant over Seir, the pagan world powers, and Gog: Ezekiel 33-39. ...
(9) After 13 years, the last vision, the order and beauty of the restored kingdom: Ezekiel 40-48. Without great physical changes (and the boundaries are given the same as under Moses) no adequate room is left for the five tribes whose inheritance is beyond the holy portion (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:23-38). In Ezekiel's temple holiness pervades the whole, and there is no distinction of parts as to relative holiness, as in the Old Testament temple. Ezekiel was the only prophet, strictly, at Babylon. ...
For Daniel was rather a seer, unveiling the future in the pagan court, but not discharging the prophetical office as Ezekiel among the covenant people; therefore his book was not classed with the prophets but with the hagiographa. Striking instances of seeming contradictions, which when understood become strong confirmations of genuineness, are Ezekiel 12:13, "I will bring him (Zedekiah) to Babylon . Also Ezekiel 18:20, "the son shall not bear the iniquity of the father"; not really contradicting Exodus 20:5, "visiting the iniquities of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me"; the children hating God as their fathers did, the sin with cumulative force descends from parent to child; so Deuteronomy 24:16 expressly "the fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither the children for the fathers
Dedan - The recurrence of the same names points to an intermarriage between the Cushite (Ethiopian, rather Hamitic) Dedan and the Semitic Dedan, which is referred to as Edomite (Jeremiah 49:8; Jeremiah 25:23; Ezekiel 25:13; Isaiah 21:13, "ye traveling companies (merchant caravans) of Dedanim". )...
The Cushite Dedan near the head of the Persian gulf and Chaldaea, the avenue of commerce to India, is referred to in Ezekiel 27:15, as the names in the context prove; but Ezekiel 27:20 Dedan is connected with N. Arabia, and associated with Assyria (Ezekiel 27:23), i. the Semitic or Edomite Dedan, yet also connected with the Cushite "Sheba and Raamah" (Ezekiel 27:22) on the Persian gulf. Ezekiel thus recounts the two channels of merchandise, Raamah on the Persian gulf, and Sheba on the Red Sea in Arabia
Imagery, Chamber of - KJV phrase (Ezekiel 8:12 ) understood as “room of his carved images” (NAS) or “shrine of his own idol” (NIV). The picture of the representatives of Israel worshiping idols within the Jerusalem Temple in Ezekiel's vision (Ezekiel 8:3 ) symbolizes the people's unfaithfulness to God
Aholah And Aholibah - Two symbolical names, adopted by Ezekiel, Ezekiel 23:4 , to denote the two kingdoms of Judah and Samaria
Hethlon - On the northern border of the promised land (Ezekiel 47:15; Ezekiel 48:1)
Magic Bands - Bands or cushions placed on the wrist in magical practices (Ezekiel 13:18 ,Ezekiel 13:18,13:20 )
Pul (1) - ) An African people is meant by Isaiah (Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 30:5)
Pathros - The NIV translates the term; other translations transliterate (Isaiah 11:11 ; Jeremiah 44:1 ,Jeremiah 44:1,44:15 ; Ezekiel 29:14 ; Ezekiel 30:14 )
Sinim - In the south, Sin ( Pelusium , Ezekiel 30:15 f. ) and Syene ( Ezekiel 29:10 ; Ezekiel 30:6 ) have been suggested
Beth-Togarmah - Ezekiel notes Togarmah's trading relations in horses and mules with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:14 ) and warned it of judgment along with Gog (Ezekiel 38:6 )
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan, who appeared in Ezekiel’s vision as ringleader of seventy of the elders of Israel in the practice of secret idolatry at Jerusalem ( Ezekiel 8:11 ). Son of Azzur, against whose counsels Ezekiel was commanded to prophesy ( Ezekiel 11:1 ff
Africa - Other African nations mentioned in the Bible are Libya (2 Chronicles 12:3; 2 Chronicles 16:8; Daniel 11:43), Put (Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5; Ezekiel 38:5; Nahum 3:9), and Lud (Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5)
Raven, Ravin - KJV term for “prowl for food” or “feed greedily” (Psalm 22:13 ; Ezekiel 22:25 ,Ezekiel 22:25,22:27 )
Shoa - Ezekiel 23:23 ("rich". Smith's Bible Dictionary takes it as a proper name, upon the sound of which Ezekiel plays
Jealousy, Image of - The term for an idol in Ezekiel 8:3 ,Ezekiel 8:3,8:5
Living Creatures - These in Ezekiel point symbolically to the attributes of God in connection with His throne, and His acting upon earth in His judicial government and providence. The faces of these living creatures correspond with the faces of the ' four beasts' (which should be translated 'living creatures,' the word being ζῶον, and not θηρίον,which occurs for the 'beasts' of Ezekiel 13 etc. Ezekiel 1:5-25 ; Ezekiel 3:13 ; Ezekiel 10:15-22
Libya - The people who inhabited the territory in biblical days are referred to variously as Chub (Ezekiel 30:5 ), Put (1 Chronicles 1:8 ; Nahum 3:9 ), Phut (Genesis 10:6 ; Ezekiel 27:10 ), and Libyans (Ezekiel 30:5 ; Ezekiel 38:5 ; Acts 2:10 )
Tehaphnehes - TEHAPHNEHES ( Ezekiel 30:18 )
Tanis - (Ezekiel 30:14 , marg
Put - Designation for a region of Africa bordering Egypt (Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 27:10 ; Ezekiel 30:5 ; Ezekiel 38:5 ; Nahum 3:9 ; and, by emendation, Isaiah 66:19 )
tu'Bal - (Ezekiel 27:13 ) Tubal and Javan, (Isaiah 68:19 ) Meshech and Tubal, (Ezekiel 32:26 ; 38:2,3 ; 39:1 ) are nations of the north. (Ezekiel 38:15 ; 39:2 ) Josephus identified the descendants of Tubal with the Iberians, that is, the inhabitants of a tract of country between the Caspian and Euxine Seas, which nearly corresponded to the modern Georgia
ja-Azani'ah - (Ezekiel 8:11 ) It is possible that he is identical with ...
Son of Azur; one of the princes of the people against whom Ezekiel was directed to prophesy. (Ezekiel 11:1 ) (B
Tel-Abib - ” Tel-Abib on the Chebar Canal near Nippur in Babylon was home to Ezekiel and other Exiles (Ezekiel 3:15 )
ty'Rus - This form is employed in the Authorized Version of the books of Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea (Joel has "Tyre"), Amos and Zechariah, as follows: (Jeremiah 25:22 ; 27:3 ; 47:4 ; Ezekiel 26:2,3,4,7,15 ; 27:2,3,8,32 ; 28:2,12 ; 29:18 ; Hosea 9:13 ; Amos 1:9,10 ; Zechariah 9:2,3 )
Arvad - It provided sailors and soldiers for Tyre (Ezekiel 27:8 ,Ezekiel 27:8,27:11 )
Pelatiah - ...
...
One of the twenty-five princes of the people against whom Ezekiel prophesied on account of their wicked counsel (Ezekiel 11:1-13 )
en-Eglaim - ” A spring near the Dead Sea, where Ezekiel predicted a miracle, the salt waters being made fresh and becoming a paradise for fishing (Ezekiel 47:10 )
Rosh - The same Hebrew word occurs in Ezekiel 38:2 and Ezekiel 39:1 , which, though frequently translated 'chief,' is now treated in these passages as a proper name reading 'prince of Rosh,' as in the R
Tire - Ezekiel 24:17,23 . The same Hebrew word, peër, is translated 'bonnet' in Isaiah 3:20 ; Ezekiel 44:18 ; and 'ornament' in Isaiah 61:10
Togarmah - A descendant of Japheth, Genesis 10:3 , supposed to have given his name to the region of Asia afterwards called Armenia, Ezekiel 38:15,16 . It was celebrated for its horses and mules; and the men of Togarmah, like the modern Armenians, were an industrious, peaceable, and trafficking people, Ezekiel 27:14
Magog - Genesis 10:2; Ezekiel 38-39. They appear in Ezekiel inhabiting "the sides (the remote recesses) of the N. maritime regions of Europe (Ezekiel 39:2; Ezekiel 39:8; Ezekiel 39:6; Ezekiel 38:6; Ezekiel 38:15). Their name thus was a terror in the East just before Ezekiel's prophecies, and naturally symbolizes rude violence
Broidered - Ezekiel 16:10,13,18 ; Ezekiel 26:16 ; Ezekiel 27:7,16,24 . The same Hebrew word is translated 'divers colours' in reference to the precious stones David had gathered together for the temple-service, 1 Chronicles 29:2 , and in the description of the great eagle in Ezekiel 17:3
Pit - ...
(3) Βor , "a pit or cistern once full of water, now empty", with miry clay beneath (Psalms 40:2; Zechariah 9:11); used as dungeon wherein the captive has no water or food; so Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:6; Jeremiah 38:9), Isaiah 51:14; hence symbolizing "the dishonored grave of the once haughty transgressor", with the idea of condign [2] punishment in the unseen world, shadowed forth by the ignominious state of the body (Ezekiel 31:14; Ezekiel 31:16; Ezekiel 32:18; Ezekiel 32:24)
Buzi - The father of the prophet (Ezekiel 1:3 )
Canneh - Mentioned only in Ezekiel 27:23
Cher'Ethim - (axe-men ), ( Ezekiel 25:16 ) same as CHERETHITES
Sith - An obsolete word, meaning since, Ezekiel 35:6
Togarmah - Son of Gomer and name of a region of Asia Minor (Genesis 10:3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:6 ; compare Beth-togarmah, Ezekiel 38:6 ) inhabited by his descendants. Togarmah was famed for its horses (Ezekiel 27:14 )
Raamah - Sheba and Dedan are Raamah's sons (Ezekiel 27:22). Renowned as traders with Tyre and other peoples (Ezekiel 27:22)
pi-be'Seth, - a town of lower Egypt, mentioned in (Ezekiel 30:17 ) the same as Bubastis, so named from the goddess Bubastis. It was probably a city of great importance when Ezekiel foretold its doom
Bamah - Ezekiel 20:29; "What is the high place whereunto ye hie habaim , alliteration to Bamah? And the name thereof is called. " Your sacrifices even to ME on a "high place" instead of My "altar" in the temple, were therefore a "provocation," Ezekiel 20:28 (Deuteronomy 12:1-5). Ewald makes the clause in Ezekiel a quotation from an older prophet
Hauran - Ezekiel promised it would be in the restored Promised Land (Ezekiel 47:16 ,Ezekiel 47:16,47:18 )
Dedan - In Ezekiel 25:13 Dedan is placed almost within the Edomite territory, which it must have bordered on the southeast (cf. The Dedanites were among the Arabian peoples who sent their native wares to the markets of Tyre ( Ezekiel 27:20 ). In Ezekiel 27:15 read ‘Rodan’ (Rhodians) for ‘Dedan
Beryl - In Ezekiel 1:16 ; Ezekiel 10:9 the 'wheels' are compared to its colour, without stating what that was. Exodus 28:20 ; Exodus 39:13 ; Song of Solomon 5:14 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; Daniel 10:6
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan, and leader of the seventy elders who were seen in a vision by Ezekiel offering incense to idols. Ezekiel 8:11 . Ezekiel 11:1
Pillows - Ezekiel 13:18-20; "women sew pillows to all armholes," rather "to all elbows and wrists. Compare Ezekiel 13:16," which see visions of peace . The male prophets "built a wall with untempered mortar" (Ezekiel 13:10), the women sewed pillows; both alike promising "peace" to the impenitent
Maneh - A Hebrew weight of sixty shekels, Ezekiel 45:12
Amber - חשמל , Ezekiel 1:4 ; Ezekiel 1:27 ; Ezekiel 8:2 . From the version of Ezekiel 1:4 , by the LXX, Και εν τω μεσω αυτου ως υρασις ηλεκτρου εν μεσψτον πυρος , "And in the midst of it as the appearance of electrum in the midst of the fire," it appears that those translators by ηλεκτρον , could not mean amber, which grows dim as soon as it feels the fire, and quickly dissolves into a resinous or pitchy substance; but the mixed metal above mentioned, which is much celebrated by the ancients for its beautiful lustre, and which, when exposed to the fire like other metals, grows more bright and shining. Gregory and Origen think, that, in the above cited passages from Ezekiel, a precious and highly polished metal is meant
Pannag - (sweet ), an article of commerce exported from Palestine to Tyre, ( Ezekiel 27:17 ) the nature of which is a pure matter of conjecture, as the term occurs nowhere else. A comparison of the passage in Ezekiel with (Genesis 43:11 ) leads to the supposition that pannag represents some of the spices grown in Palestine
Dedan - Ezekiel warned Edom that their soldiers fleeing even to Dedan would be struck down (Ezekiel 25:13 ). In judging Tyre, Ezekiel noted they, too, traded with Dedan (Ezekiel 27:15 ,Ezekiel 27:15,27:20 ). Compare Ezekiel 38:13
East Gate - Since the Temple faced east, this gate was the main entrance to the Temple complex (Ezekiel 47:1 ). In a vision, Ezekiel saw the glory of the Lord depart through the East Gate before the destruction of the city (Ezekiel 10:19 ). His vision of the new Temple included the return of God's glory through the same gate (Ezekiel 43:1-2 ). Only the prince (messianic king) was allowed to enter it (Ezekiel 44:1-3 ). This gate was closed on the six working days but open on the Sabbath (Ezekiel 46:1 )
Tin - בריל , Numbers 31:22 ; Isaiah 1:25 ; Ezekiel 22:18 ; Ezekiel 22:20 ; Ezekiel 27:12 ; a well-known coarse metal, harder than lead. This denunciation, by a comparison of the preceding and the following context, appears to signify that God would, by a process of judgment purify those among the Jews who were capable of purification, as well as destroy the reprobate and incorrigible, Jeremiah 6:29-30 ; Jeremiah 9:7 ; Malachi 3:3 ; Ezekiel 12:18 ; Ezekiel 12:20 . In Ezekiel 27:12 , Tarshish is mentioned as furnishing בדיל ; and Bochart proves from the testimonies of Diodorus, Pliny, and Stephanus, that Tartessus in Spain, which he supposes the ancient Tarshish, anciently furnished tin
Shrine of His Own Idol - NIV translation in Ezekiel 8:12
Eden - Ezekiel 27:23 mentions a region named Eden located on the Euphrates. In Isaiah 51:3 and Ezekiel 36:35 , Eden is used as an illustration of the great prosperity God would bestow on Judah. Ezekiel also refers to the trees of Eden (Ezekiel 31:9 ,Ezekiel 31:9,31:16 ,Ezekiel 31:16,31:18 ) and calls Eden the garden of God (Ezekiel 28:13 )
Homer - According to Ezekiel 45:11 , it was equal to ten ephahs. It was the same volume as the cor (Ezekiel 45:14 )
Handstave - KJV used handstave to translate a weapon at Ezekiel 39:9 . The nature of the weapon is unclear though the weapon was made of wood (Ezekiel 39:10 )
East, Children of the - A common designation of the inhabitants of the Syrian desert, who were partly Aramæan and partly Arabian ( Judges 6:3 ; Judges 8:10 , Ezekiel 25:4 ; Ezekiel 25:10 , Isaiah 11:14 , Jeremiah 49:28 , Job 1:3 )
Sapphire - Associated with diamonds (Exodus 28:18 ) and emeralds (Ezekiel 28:13 ); one of the stones in the high priest's breastplate. The throne of God is described as of the colour of a sapphire (Exodus 24:10 ; Compare Ezekiel 1:26 )
Sin - Ezekiel calls it 'the strength of Egypt. ' Ezekiel 30:15,16
Aholah - Ezekiel uses this name, signifying 'her own tent or tabernacle,' for a symbolical harlot to represent Samaria, upon whom he charges gross profligacy: only to be exceeded by Aholibah, her yet more guilty sister Jerusalem. Ezekiel 23:4-44
Lud, Ludim - Isaiah 66:19 ; Ezekiel 27:10 . The same district is called LYDIA (though the Hebrew is simply Lud) and its inhabitants, LYDIANS, in Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 30:5
Pekod - (pee' kahd) Hebrew for “punishment” or “judgment” which plays on the name Puqadu, an Aramean tribe inhabiting the area east of the mouth of the Tigris (Jeremiah 50:21 ; Ezekiel 23:23 ). Pekod formed part of the Babylonian Empire in the time of Jeremiah and Ezekiel
Sin - Ezekiel calls it 'the strength of Egypt. ' Ezekiel 30:15,16
Riddle - A dark or hidden saying, as that which Samson put forth respecting the carcase of the lion, Judges 14:12-19 ; and that of Ezekiel concerning the great eagle, but this is also called a 'parable. ' Ezekiel 17:2
Hazar-Hatticon - ("the middle village"); on the boundary of Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16)
Hatefully - Ezekiel 23
Confiscation - Ezekiel reacted strongly against the abuses of this royal prerogative (Ezekiel 45:7-8 ; Ezekiel 46:16-18 )
Kadesh-Meribah - (kay' dehssh-mehr' ih buhh) TEV transliteration of a phrase from the Hebrew text of Ezekiel 47:19 . ) RSV has “Meribath-kadesh,” and NIV has “Meribah Kadesh” at Deuteronomy 32:51 ; Ezekiel 47:19 . NAS has “Meribah-kadesh” at Deuteronomy 32:51 and “Meribath-kadesh” at Ezekiel 47:19
Whale - KJV translation (Genesis 1:21 ; Job 7:12 ; Ezekiel 32:2 ; and in Matthew 12:40 with reference to Jonah) for Hebrew tan. The Hebrew term can refer to a primeval sea monster or dragon ( Isaiah 27:1 ; 51:9 among others), to a serpent ( Exodus 7:9 ; Psalm 91:13 ), or possibly a crocodile (Ezekiel 29:3 ; Ezekiel 32:2 )
Dedan - District mentioned in Jeremiah 25:23 ; Jeremiah 49:8 ; Ezekiel 25:13 . In Ezekiel 27:15,20 ; Ezekiel 38:13 apparently another place of the same name is referred to, which probably alludes to the district where the descendants of Cush settled
Lead - It is mentioned several times in Scripture as entering into the process of purifying more precious metals, Jeremiah 6:29; Ezekiel 22:1-31; Ezekiel 18:1-32; Ezekiel 20:1-49; for which purpose quicksilver is now used
Dedan - Ezekiel 27:15; Ezekiel 38:13. Genesis 25:8; 1 Chronicles 1:32; Jeremiah 49:8; Jeremiah 49:25; Jeremiah 49:23; Ezekiel 25:13. They are also named with the merchants of Tarshish by Ezekiel 38:13, and were celebrated from their trade with the Phœnicians
Eglaim - Two ponds, (Isaiah 15:8 ), probably En-eglaim of Ezekiel 47:10
Phut - (fuht) KJV alternate form of Put (Genesis 10:6 ; Ezekiel 27:10 )
East Sea - Ezekiel's expression for the Dead Sea (Ezekiel 47:18 )
Aven - An insulting substitute (in Ezekiel 30:17 ) for On (wh
Pilot - Most translations used pilot in Ezekiel 27:8 ,Ezekiel 27:8,27:27-29 in parallel to terms translated mariners, rowers, or sailors
Inkhorn - In one of Ezekiel’s visions ( Ezekiel 9:2-3 ; Ezekiel 9:11 ) a man appears with a scribe’s inkhorn by his side (lit
ze'Dad - (mountain side ), one of the landmarks on the north border of the land of Israel, as Promised by Moses, ( Numbers 34:8 ) and as restored by Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 47:15 ) A place named Sudud exists to the east of the northern extremity of the chain of Anti-Libanus, about fifty miles east-northeast of Baalbec
Pathros - Isaiah 11:11 Jeremiah 44:1,15 Ezekiel 29:14 30:14 , one of the three ancient divisions of Egypt, namely, Upper or Southern Egypt, which Ezekiel speaks of as distinct from Egypt, and the original abode of the Egyptians; as indeed Ethiopia and Upper Egypt really were
Cherethites, Cherethim - Ezekiel pronounced judgment on them (Ezekiel 25:16 ), as did Zephaniah (Zephaniah 2:5 )
Chebar - On its fertile banks Nebuchadnezzar located a part of the captive Jews, and here the sublime visions of Ezekiel took place, Ezekiel 1:3 ; 3:15 ; 10:15 ; 43:3
Pelatiah - A ‘prince of the people’ ( Ezekiel 11:1 ); he died as the prophet delivered his message ( Ezekiel 11:13 )
Engine, - One, with which the Hebrews were acquainted, was the battering ram, described in (Ezekiel 26:9 ) and still more precisely in (Ezekiel 4:2 ; 21:22 )
Hound - To harass continually (Job 19:28 ; Psalm 109:16 ; Ezekiel 36:3 NIV)
Rabbath - (rab' buhth) KJV variant spelling of Rabbah (Deuteronomy 3:11 ; Ezekiel 21:20 )
Maneh - KJV alternate term for mina at Ezekiel 45:12
Imagery - Only in the phrase "chambers of his imagery" (Ezekiel 8:12 )
Millet - Ezekiel 4:9, dochan , the Ρanicum miliaceum
Azur - (ay' zuhr) KJV spelling (Jeremiah 28:1 ; Ezekiel 11:1 ) for Azzur
Eneglaim - Ezekiel 47:10 , a town on the Dead Sea, west of the Jordan's mouth
ba'Mah - Found only in ( Ezekiel 20:29 ) applied to places of idolatrous worship
Pelatiah - " Like Ananias (Acts 5:5) stricken dead; an earnest of the destruction of the rest, as Ezekiel foretold (Ezekiel 11:1-13). " Is that hope to be disappointed? asks Ezekiel; is his death a token that all, even the remnant, shall be destroyed?...
Stature - Usually refers to the height of a person, sometimes used figuratively (Ezekiel 17:6 ; Ezekiel 19:11 )
Daub - Ezekiel 13:10 (b) This act is used as a type of the work of that preacher or teacher who mixes together various religious doctrines, philosophies and deductions with which to organize and build a so-called Christian work, a religious work. (See also Ezekiel 22:28)
Jaaz-Aniah - ...
...
The son of Shaphan (Ezekiel 8:11 ). ...
...
The son of Azur, one of the twenty-five men seen by (Ezekiel 11:1 ) at the east gate of the temple
Enon City - (ee' nahn cih' tee) TEV translation of Hazar-enan (Ezekiel 47:17 )
se'Nir - (snow mountain ), ( 1 Chronicles 5:23 ; Ezekiel 27:5 ) the Amorite name for Mount Hermon
Porpoise - Exodus 25:5 , Ezekiel 16:10 RVm Ezekiel - Ezekiel (e-zç'ki-el), the strength of God. He was married and had a house, Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 24:18, in his place of exile, and lost his wife by a sudden and unforeseen stroke. Ezekiel was noted for his stern and inflexible energy of will and character and his devoted adherence to the rites and ceremonies of his national religion. ...
The Book of Ezekiel. There are no direct quotations from Ezekiel in the New Testament, but in the Apocalypse there are many parallels and obvious allusions to the later chapters
Nose - Jewelry was worn in the nose (Genesis 24:47 ; Isaiah 3:21 ; Ezekiel 16:12 ). The precise significance of placing a vine or branch to one's nose (Ezekiel 8:17 ) is unknown. Cutting off the nose of an adulteress is a penalty known from Assyrian law (Ezekiel 23:25 ,Ezekiel 23:25,23:35 )
Dib'Lath - (accurately DIBLAH), a place named only in (Ezekiel 6:14 ) Probably only another form of RIBLAH
Hail - Ezekiel represents the wall daubed with untempered mortar as destroyed by great hail-stones (Ezekiel 13:11 )
Planks - Long, flat pieces of timber thicker than boards, used in shipbuilding (Ezekiel 27:5 ; Acts 27:44 ) and for the flooring of Solomon's Temple (1 Kings 6:15 KJV). The “thick planks upon the face of the porch” in Ezekiel's vision of the renewed Temple ( Ezekiel 41:25 KJV) likely refers to some type of canopy (NRSV; overhang, NIV; covering, TEV; cornice, REB) or to a threshold (NAS)
Helbon - ) "The wine of Helbon and white wool" Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:18) makes Damascus supply to Tyre
Giblites - Of Gebal on the sea coast, at the foot Of the northern slopes of Lebanon (margin 1 Kings 5:18; Psalms 83:7; Ezekiel 27:9). (But Biblus was the seat of worship of the Syrian Adonis, Tammuz, which the Jews were seduced to worship (Ezekiel 8:14)
Chub - (chuhb) KJV transliteration of Hebrew name of a people in Ezekiel 30:5 . ” If “Libya” is not the original reading, “Chub” remains a people about whom nothing is known except that Ezekiel announced judgment on them as a partner of Egypt
Hail - Ezekiel represents the wall daubed with untempered mortar as destroyed by great hail-stones (Ezekiel 13:11 )
Reed - and strong enough to be used as a walking-stick (Ezekiel 29:6-7, Isaiah 36:6). Being straight and light, this reed served also as the most convenient measuring-rod (Ezekiel 40:3; Ezekiel 40:5), and as a definite measure it was 6⅔ cubits long = about 9 ft
Chilmad - A place or country unknown which, along with Sheba and Asshur, traded with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:23 )
en-Eglaim - Fountain of two calves, a place mentioned only in Ezekiel 47:10
Sibraim - of the Holy Land (Ezekiel 47:16), between the boundary of Damascus and Hamath
Handstaves - Only Ezekiel 39:9 , either clubs or the equally primitive throw-sticks; see Armour Arms, § 1
Interest - Ezekiel regarded the charging of interest as a watershed act separating the righteous from those practicing abominations (Ezekiel 18:8 ,Ezekiel 18:8,18:13 ,Ezekiel 18:13,18:17 ; Ezekiel 22:12 )
Net - Such a net was often hauled ashore to empty (Isaiah 19:8 ; Ezekiel 26:5 ,Ezekiel 26:5,26:14 ; Ezekiel 32:3 ; Ezekiel 47:10 ; Matthew 13:47 ). Nets of unspecified type are frequently used as figures of the Lord's chastisement (Job 19:6 ; Psalm 66:11 ; Lamentations 1:13 ; Ezekiel 12:13 ) or of the plots of the wicked (Psalm 9:15 ; Psalm 31:4 ; Psalm 35:7-8 )
Propitiation - The same Greek word is used by the Septuagint to denote "sin-offering," Ezekiel 44:27; Ezekiel 45:19; "atonement," Numbers 6:8; the "mercy-seat," Hebrews 9:5; and the covering of the ark of the covenant Leviticus 16:14
Helech - Ezekiel described the good days of Tyre as having its massive city walls protected by foreign soldiers, but the precise home of these soldiers is not certain (Ezekiel 27:11 )
Baal Zephon - In Egypt, where Israel encamped before Pharaoh overtook them at the Red Sea (Ezekiel 14:2; Ezekiel 14:9; Numbers 33:7), W
Whale - " The crocodile in Ezekiel 29:3; Ezekiel 32:2; the "dragon" in Isaiah 27:1; tan means the crocodile; also Job 7:12
Buzi - The father of the prophet Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 1:3 ) and consequently a member of the priestly house of Zadok
Oblation - Modern translations often replace oblation with either offering (Leviticus 7:38 ; Isaiah 1:13 ; Ezekiel 44:30 ) or contribution (2 Chronicles 31:14 ; Ezekiel 20:40 )
Sibraim - A point on the ideal northern boundary of the Holy Land ( Ezekiel 47:16 ); site uncertain
Raamah - ...
A country which traded with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:22 )
Plantation - KJV term (Ezekiel 17:7 ) to designate a bed (NAS, REB, NRSV) or plot (NIV) where plants are planted
Aho'Lah - Ezekiel 23
Idumaea - The Greek form of Edom (Isaiah 34:5,6 ; Ezekiel 35:15 ; 36:5 , but in RSV "Edom")
Ship - This was one reason why the Phoenicians became a famous seafaring nation in Old Testament times (Ezekiel 27:2; Ezekiel 27:25; Ezekiel 28:2; see PHOENICIA). ...
‘Ships of Tarshish’, like other large ships, may have been driven by oars or by sails (Isaiah 33:21; Isaiah 33:23; Ezekiel 27:6-8; Ezekiel 27:26; Ezekiel 27:29). ...
God’s judgment on the greedy commercial giant Phoenicia (Tyre) was pictured by the prophet Ezekiel as the sinking of a great ship. All its cargo was lost and all the crew drowned (Ezekiel 27:1-9; Ezekiel 27:25-27; Ezekiel 28:2-8; cf
Gog And Magog - Ezekiel 38:2 should read "Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal. Ezekiel 38:2,18 ; Ezekiel 39:1,6,11 . The valley where they will be buried will be called HAMON-GOG, the 'multitude of Gog,' Ezekiel 39:11,15 . ...
In Revelation 20:8 we also read of Gog and Magog attacking "the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city," Jerusalem; but this must not be confounded with the prophecy in Ezekiel, for here they come out of 'the four corners of the earth;' and the battles do not coincide as to time. In Ezekiel the attack is before Israel is finally settled in the land, as may be seen by the context; whereas in the Revelation it is after the thousand years of the millennium, and is followed by the final overthrow of God's enemies who are led on by Satan. There is doubtless an allusion to the names in Ezekiel; 'Gog and Magog,' being symbolical names, are employed to describe all the proud and powerful hordes of post-millennium times, whose number is 'as the sand of the sea,' and whom Satan will collect together from all quarters to attack the kingdom of the Lord Jesus as established on earth, only to be devoured by fire from heaven: for Satan, when loosed, will not be able to raise up an empire against the Lord
Sapphire, - In Ezekiel's vision, above the firmament, was seen the "likeness of a throne as the appearance of a sapphire stone. " Ezekiel 1:26 . The word occurs in Job 28:6,16 ; Song of Solomon 5:14 ; Isaiah 54:11 ; Lamentations 4:7 ; Ezekiel 10:1 ; Ezekiel 28:13
Pelusium - Some modern translations follow the Vulgate in reading Pelusium at Ezekiel 30:15-16 (NIV, NRSV, TEV; also KJV and NAS margins). ), at Ezekiel 30:15 . The REB follows the earliest Greek translation in reading Syene (modern Aswan) at Ezekiel 30:16
Meshech - In Psalms 12:6 Meshech and Kedar appear as types of barbarous and warlike people, just as Meshech and Tubal are represented in Ezekiel 32:28 ; Ezekiel 38:2 ; Ezekiel 39:1 . Ezekiel 27:13 names them as trading in slaves and articles of bronze
Jehezkel - JEHEZKEL (‘God strengtheneth,’ the same name as Ezekiel )
Roller - KJV term for something wrapped around the arm (Ezekiel 30:21 ) as a bandage (NAS, REB, NRSV) or splint (NIV)
Hamonah - The name of a city to be built in commemoration of the defeat (?) of Gog ( Ezekiel 39:16 )
Paps - KJV term used for a woman's breasts (Ezekiel 23:21 ; Luke 11:27 ) or a man's chest (Revelation 1:13 )
Turban - Removal of one's turban was a sign of mourning or shame (Isaiah 3:18-23 ; Ezekiel 24:17 ,Ezekiel 24:17,24:23 )
Wool - (Leviticus 13:47 ; 22:11; Job 31:20 ; Proverbs 31:13 ; Ezekiel 34:3 ; Hosea 2:5 ) The importance of wool is incidentally shown by the notice that Mesha's tribute was paid in a certain number of rams "with the wool. (Ezekiel 27:18 )
Diamond - The Hebrew word in Exodus 28:18 ; Exodus 39:11 ; Ezekiel 28:13 , is yahalom . This is translated 'adament' in Ezekiel 3:9
Detestable - Ezekiel 5
Vermilion - A brilliant red color, resembling scarlet, Jeremiah 22:14 ; Ezekiel 23:14
Senir - A name given to Mount Hermon by the Amorites, Deuteronomy 3:9 1 Chronicles 5:23 Ezekiel 27:5
Forehead - They were spared in a time of terrible judgment (Ezekiel 9:4 ). Hardness of the forehead indicates determination to persevere (Isaiah 48:4 ; Ezekiel 3:8-9 ). At the same time, it stands for courage as when God told Ezekiel that He had made the prophet's forehead harder than flint against the foreheads of the people (Ezekiel 3:9 ). ...
The biblical writers used the language of metaphors to describe the shameless apostasy and faithlessness of Israel (Jeremiah 3:3 ; Ezekiel 3:8-9 )
Sweat - Sweat usually comes from physical exertion, sickness, or mental or emotional excitement (Genesis 3:19 ; Ezekiel 44:18 ; Luke 22:44 )
Poll - To poll the head is to cut off the hair, 2 Samuel 14:25,26 ; Ezekiel 44:20
Chub, - the name of a people in alliance with Egypt in the time of Nebuchadnezzar, (Ezekiel 30:5 ) and probably of northern Africa
Ariel - In another sense, Ezekiel applies it to the altar of God, Ezekiel 43:15 , and Isaiah to Jerusalem, as the hearth on which both the burnt offerings and the enemies of God should be consumed, Isaiah 29:1,2,7
Jaw - The taking of captives in war is sometimes pictured using the images of animals led with bridles in their jaws (Isaiah 30:28 ) or fish carried away with hooks in theirs (Ezekiel 29:4 ; Ezekiel 38:4 )
Naked - Nakedness frequently occurs in conjunction with shame (Genesis 3:7 ; Genesis 9:21-27 ; Isaiah 47:3 ; Ezekiel 16:8 ,Ezekiel 16:8,16:36-37 )
Mingled People - KJV term for foreigners who are perhaps of mixed race and are associated with a dominant population (Jeremiah 25:20 ,Jeremiah 25:20,25:24 ; Jeremiah 50:37 ; Ezekiel 30:5 ). Modern translations follow the alternate vocalization and read Arabia or Arabs at Ezekiel 30:5
Chariots of the Sun - Deuteronomy 17:3 records God's injunction to Israel not to worship the sun, but Ezekiel attested to persons in the Temple worshiping the sun ( Ezekiel 8:16 )
Aha - Ezekiel 25:3 (b) This little word is used as an expression to show contempt for the things of GOD. (See also Ezekiel 26:2)...
Syene - toward Ethiopia (Ezekiel 29:10; Ezekiel 30:6); not as KJV "from the tower of Syene
Pelatiah - Judean prince who offered “wicked counsel,” perhaps appealing to Egypt for help in a revolt against the Babylonians (Ezekiel 11:1 ,Ezekiel 11:1,11:13 ; compare Jeremiah 27:1-3 ; Jeremiah 37:5 ,Jeremiah 37:5,37:7 ,Jeremiah 37:7,37:11 )
Breeches - (Exodus 28:42 ), rather linen drawers, reaching from the waist to a little above the knee, worn by the priests (Ezekiel 44:17,18 )
Hazar-Hatticon - Village of the midway, a place near Hamath in the confines of Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16 ), probably on the north brow of Hermon
Ziphron - ); perhaps the same as Sibraim of Ezekiel 47:16
Marsh - Ezekiel 47:11 refers to the salt marshes surrounding the Dead Sea
Homer or Cor - The largest dry measure of the Hebrews, equal to ten baths or ephahs, and containing about eight of our bushels, Ezekiel 45:14
pe'Kod - ( Jeremiah 50:21 ; Ezekiel 23:23 ) Authorities are undecided as to the meaning of the term
Likeness - The first truth forms the basis for the prohibition of making any graven images (Exodus 20:4 ; Deuteronomy 4:16-18 ; see Idols) and perhaps explains Ezekiel's reluctance to speak of elements in his vision in concrete terms (Ezekiel 1:5 ,Ezekiel 1:5,1:10 ,Ezekiel 1:10,1:16 ,Ezekiel 1:16,1:22 ,Ezekiel 1:22,1:26 ,Ezekiel 1:26,1:28 )
Jaazaniah - Stood as leader in the midst of the 70 ancients (elders) of Israel with censers in their hands, worshipping idols portrayed upon the wall of the court of Jehovah's house; seen by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 8:11). His very name, meaning" Jehovah hears," gave the lie to the unbelief which virtually said "Jehovah seeth not" (Ezekiel 9:9; Psalms 10:11; Psalms 10:14; Psalms 50:21; Psalms 94:7; Psalms 94:9). Son of Azur, leader of the 25 priests (Ezekiel 11:1)
Fish-Hooks - Were used for catching fish (Amos 4:2 ; Compare Isaiah 37:29 ; Jeremiah 16:16 ; Ezekiel 29:4 ; Job 41:1,2 ; Matthew 17:27 )
Mast - Long pole rising from a ship's keel which supports a sail (Proverbs 23:34 ; Isaiah 33:23 ; Ezekiel 27:5 )
Millet - MILLET (probably Panicum miliaceum or perhaps Andropogon sorghum ) is mentioned in Ezekiel 4:9 (only) as an ingredient in bread
Gammadim - Is used in the English Bible, Ezekiel 27:11 , as the name of a people; but it rather means simply the brave, the warlike
Rosh - In Ezekiel 38:2 f. , Ezekiel 39:1 the word Rosh is thought by many interpreters to refer to a people, otherwise unknown, but coupled with Meshech and Tubal (wh
Forehead - The "jewel on thy forehead" mentioned in Ezekiel 16:12 (RSV, "a ring upon thy nose") was in all probability the "nose-ring" ( Isaiah 3:21 ). ...
In Ezekiel 3:7 the word "impudent" is rightly rendered in the Revised Version "an hard forehead
Beryl - The stones decorated the high priest's breastplate (Exodus 28:20 ), the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ), the man in Daniel's vision (Daniel 10:6 ), and the eighth foundation of the new Jerusalem (Revelation 21:20 ). The ornamentation on the wheels of Ezekiel's opening vision were colored like beryl (Ezekiel 1:16 )
Furrow - At Ezekiel 17:7 ,Ezekiel 17:7,17:10 modern translations opt for bed (NAS, RSV), plot (NIV), or garden (TEV)
Migdol - reads "Seveneh," Ezekiel 29:10; Ezekiel 30:6; but the margin correctly has "from Migdol to Syene"—i
Hailstones - ...
Ezekiel 13:11 (a) The type is used in this passage to reveal the power of GOD by which He will smash and destroy the works of His enemies. (See Ezekiel 38:22)
Sapphire - ...
Ezekiel 1:26 (a) This is a bright blue stone which is typical of the heavenly and holy character of our Lord. (See also Song of Solomon 5:14; Ezekiel 10:1; Revelation 21:19)
Greece - It or its people are referred to in Hebrew history as Javan, Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:13; Ezekiel 27:19, and in apostolic history as Achaia
Lead - עפרת , Exodus 15:10 ; Numbers 31:22 ; Job 19:24 ; Jeremiah 6:29 ; Ezekiel 22:18 ; Ezekiel 27:12 ; Zechariah 5:7-8 ; a mineral of a bluish white colour
Arvad - A small island, two or three miles off the coast of Phœnicia, related closely to Tyre, Ezekiel 27:8; Ezekiel 27:11
Island - 'i, "dry land," as opposed to water) occurs in its usual signification (Isaiah 42:4,10,12,15 , Compare Jeremiah 47:4 ), but more frequently simply denotes a maritime region or sea-coast (Isaiah 20:6 , RSV," coastland;" 23:2,6; Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:6,7 ). ) The shores of the Mediterranean are called the "islands of the sea" ( Isaiah 11:11 ), or the "isles of the Gentiles" (Genesis 10:5 ), and sometimes simply "isles" (Psalm 72:10 ); Ezekiel 26:15,18 ; 27:3,35 ; Daniel 11:18 )
India - ‘ivory and ebony,’ ‘cassia and calamus,’ ‘broidered work,’ and ‘rich apparel’ ( Ezekiel 27:15 ; Ezekiel 27:19 ; Ezekiel 27:24 )
Bud - (See also Ezekiel 29:21). ...
Ezekiel 7:10 (a) Evidently Israel was boasting and exhibiting pride of position and power. ...
Ezekiel 16:7 (a) Here is a type of the freshness and loveliness with which GOD endowed the nation of Israel under the reign of David and Solomon
Firmament - The living creatures in Ezekiel 1 move amidst the firmament: "and the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above" ( Ezekiel 1:22 ), showing them to be executors of God's judicial government: cf. Ezekiel 10:1
Jehezekel - ” Same Hebrew spelling as prophet Ezekiel
Tubal - 4:38, section 4) and copper vessels to the Phoenician markets (copper and metals of the neighbouring Mossynaeci and Chalybes were famed, and copper mines were at Chalvar in Armenia): Ezekiel 27:13; nations of the north (Ezekiel 32:26; Ezekiel 38:2-3; Ezekiel 38:15; Ezekiel 39:1-2)
Hamonah - Multitude, a name figuratively assigned to the place in which the slaughter and burial of the forces of Gog were to take place (Ezekiel 39:16 )
Sye'ne, - properly Seventh a town of Egypt, on the frontier of Cush or Ethiopia, (Ezekiel 29:10 ; 30:6 ) represented by the present Aruan or Es-Suan
Threshold, - ( Ezekiel 9:3 ; 10:4,18 )
Ebony - A dark hard wood, Diospyros ebenum , growing in Ethiopia, India, and the Mauritius (Ezekiel 27:15)
Fornication - Also spiritual unfaithfulness to the Lord, Israel's and the church's husband (Ezekiel 16; Jeremiah 2; Hosea 1; Revelation 17:4)
Bath - a measure of capacity for things liquid being the stone with the ephah, Ezekiel 45:11 , and containing ten homers, or seven gallons and four pints
Nether - Lower; as the lower stone of a handmill, Deuteronomy 24:6 ; the foot of Sinai, Exodus 19:17 ; the regions of the dead, Ezekiel 32:18
Lothing - Ezekiel 14
Paramour - An illicit sexual partner (Ezekiel 23:20 KJV, NAS, NRSV; Hosea 3:1 RSV)
Cassia - The bark of an odoriferous tree, from which came one ingredient of the holy oil or ointment, Exodus 30:24 ; Psalm 45:8 ; Ezekiel 27:19
Hethlon - (hehth' lahn) Place name of unknown meaning on the northern border of Israel's Promised Land, according to Ezekiel's vision (Ezekiel 47:15 ). Ezekiel pointed to a road near this place, perhaps the important transportation road otherwise known as Eleutheros
Migdol - Mentioned also in Jeremiah 44:1; Jeremiah 46:14; Ezekiel 29:10, "I will make Egypt desolate from Migdol (in the extreme N. ); so Ezekiel 30:6
Bands - (1) Of love (Hosea 11:4 ); (2) of Christ (Psalm 2:3 ); (3) uniting together Christ's body the church (Colossians 2:19 ; 3:14 ; Ephesians 4:3 ); (4) the emblem of the captivity of Israel (Ezekiel 34:27 ; Isaiah 28:22 ; 52:2 ); (5) of brotherhood (Ezekiel 37:15-28 ); (6) no bands to the wicked in their death (Psalm 73:4 ; Job 21:7 ; Psalm 10:6 )
Sapphire - It was one of the stones in the high priest's breastplate, Exodus 28:18 ; 39:11 ; as an intimation of its value see Job 28:16 ; Ezekiel 28:13 . See also Exodus 24:10 ; Ezekiel 1:26 ; 10:1
Gomer - ), who along with Togarmah is included by Ezekiel in the army of Gog ( Ezekiel 38:6 )
Asshur - This is the likely meaning in Genesis 10:11 ; Ezekiel 27:23 ; Ezekiel 32:22 ; Hosea 14:3
Feathers - ...
Ezekiel 17:3, Ezekiel 17:7 (a) This is a picture of the fanciful spread, or gaudy show made by these two kings
Look - ...
Ezekiel 2:6 (a) The type here indicates a fierce, angry countenance gazing in hatred against GOD's child. (See Ezekiel 3:9)
Seer - Ezekiel also says, "Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit and have seen nothing !" Ezekiel 13:3
Rod - An offshoot from the trunk of a tree, Genesis 30:37 Isaiah 11:1 Ezekiel 37:15-22 . It also denotes a staff, used by one walking, Isaiah 3:1 Ezekiel 29:6 ; by a diviner, Hosea 4:12 ; by a surveyor, Psalm 74:2 ; by a shepherd, Leviticus 27:32 Zechariah 11:10-14 ; as an instrument of correction, Proverbs 23:13 29:15 ; as a sceptre, Esther 8:4 Isaiah 14:5 ; and as a symbol of power, Psalm 2:9 , support and direction, Psalm 23:4
Gallery - 'attik (Ezekiel 41:15,16 ), a terrace; a projection; ledge
Mingled People - Pharaoh Hophra's mercenaries; whose employment provoked the native Egyptians to overthrow him (Ezekiel 30:5)
Hazar-Enon - (hay' zahr-ee' nohn) Variant Hebrew spelling of Hazar-enan in Ezekiel 47:17 and reflected in NRSV
Bamah - The Hebrew word bamah, signifying 'high place,' is once left untranslated, Ezekiel 20:29 , where Israel offered sacrifices to idols
Albeit - ’ It occurs in Ezekiel 13:7 , Philippians 1:19 , and in the Apocrypha
ah, Aha - ) Psalm 35:25 ; Psalm 40:15 ; Isaiah 44 :16; Jeremiah 22:18 ; Ezekiel 25:3 , etc
Carefulness - Ezekiel 12
Pilled, - (Genesis 30:37,38 ) "peeled," Isai 18:2; Ezekiel 29:28 The verb "to pill" appears in old English as identical in meaning with "to peel, to strip
Mesech - Ezekiel 27:13," they traded the persons of men" as slaves, and "vessels of copper," Ezekiel 32:26; Ezekiel 39:1
Market, Marketplace - The former is found in OT in Ezekiel 27:13 ; Ezekiel 27:17 etc. ]'>[1] throughout ‘ merchandise ,’ this last in Ezekiel 27:15 being AV Sapphire - Ezekiel 1:26; Ezekiel 10:1; Job 28:6; Job 28:16; Song of Solomon 5:14, sapphire, sparkling in the girdle round Him; Isaiah 54:11; Lamentations 4:7, "their polishing was of sapphire," they were like beautifully cut and polished sapphires. The sapphires represent the blue veins of a beautiful person (Ezekiel 28:13)
Proverb - The parable of the great eagle in Ezekiel 17:2,3 , is also called a 'riddle. Deuteronomy 28:37 ; 1 Samuel 24:13 ; Psalm 69:11 ; Proverbs 1:1 ; Ecclesiastes 12:9 ; Isaiah 14:4 ; Jeremiah 24:9 ; Ezekiel 12:22,23 ; Ezekiel 18:2,3 ; etc
Arch - KJV rendering of a Hebrew word in Ezekiel 40:16-36 . In Ezekiel's vision of the Temple, each gate leading into the court of the Gentiles also had a vestibule (Ezekiel 40:7-26 ) as did the gates to the court of the Israelites (Ezekiel 40:29-37 )
Put, Phut - A people counted amongst the sons of Ham ( Genesis 10:6 , 1 Chronicles 1:8 ), and frequently mentioned in the prophets as an ally of Egypt ( Jeremiah 46:9 , Ezekiel 27:10 ; Ezekiel 30:5 ; Ezekiel 38:5 , Nahum 3:9 )
Cloudy - Ezekiel 34:12 (b) Here is a type of the days when sorrows, shadows, and difficulties seem to overcast the sky and the heart is sad and lonely
Oblation - All the Hebrew words so translated are also rendered 'offering,' except maseth in Ezekiel 20:40 ; it signifies 'lifting up,' a gift
Job - Ezekiel 14:14 (a) An example of one who can and did pray the prayer of faith which moved GOD to perform miracles
Beans - (2 Samuel 17:28 ; Ezekiel 4:9 ) Beans are cultivated in Palestine, which produces many of the leguminous order of plants, such, as lentils, kidney-beans, vetches, etc
Jotham - gate of the inner or upper court (see Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 8:5; Ezekiel 8:14; Ezekiel 8:16; Ezekiel 9:2; Ezekiel 40:38-43), and built much at the wall of the Ophel (the S
Poetry - ...
Poetry in the Old Testament...
Genesis 2:23 ; Genesis 3:14-19 ; Genesis 3:23-24 ; Genesis 8:22 ; Genesis 9:25-27 ; Genesis 14:19-20 ; Genesis 16:11-12 ; Genesis 25:23 ; Genesis 27:27-29 ,Genesis 27:27-29,27:39-40 ; Genesis 48:15-16 ; Genesis 49:2-27 ...
Exodus 15:1-18 ,Exodus 15:1-18,15:21 ...
Ezekiel 28:22-23 ...
Numbers 6:24-27 ; Numbers 10:35-36 ; Numbers 12:6-8 ; Numbers 21:14-15 ; Numbers 21:17-18 ,Numbers 21:17-18,21:27-30 ; Numbers 23:7-10 ; Numbers 23:18-24 ; Numbers 24:3-9 ,Numbers 24:3-9,24:15-24 ...
Deuteronomy 32:1-43 ; Deuteronomy 33:2-29 ...
Joshua 10:12-13 ...
Judges 5:2-31 ; 1 Chronicles 16:8-36 ,Judges 14:14,14:18 ; Judges 15:16 ...
Ruth 1:16-17 ,Ruth 1:16-17,1:20-21 ...
1 Samuel 2:1-10 ; 1Samuel 15:22-23,1 Samuel 15:33 ; 1 Samuel 18:7 ; 1 Samuel 21:11 ; 1 Samuel 29:5 ...
2 Samuel 1:19-27 ; 2 Samuel 3:33-34 ; 2 Samuel 22:2-51 ; 2 Samuel 23:1-7 ...
1 Kings 8:12-13 ; 1 Kings 12:16 ...
2 Kings 19:21-28 ...
Judges 14:14 ...
2 Chronicles 5:13 ; 2 Chronicles 6:41-42 ; Daniel 6:26-27 ; 2 Chronicles 10:16 ; 2 Chronicles 20:21 ...
Ezra 3:11 ...
Job 3:2-42:6 ...
Psalm 1-150 ...
Proverbs 1-31 ...
Ecclesiastes 1:2-11 ,Ecclesiastes 1:2-11,1:15 ,Daniel 7:13-14:18 ; Ecclesiastes 3:2-9 ; Ecclesiastes 7:1-13 ; Daniel 2:16-20 ; Ecclesiastes 10:1-4 ,Ecclesiastes 10:1-4,10:8-20 ; Ecclesiastes 11:1-4 ...
Song of Song of Solomon 1-8 ...
Isaiah—largely poetry...
Jeremiah—poetic selections throughout except for 32–45...
Lamentations 1-5 ...
Ezekiel 19:2-14 ; Ezekiel 23:32-34 ; Ezekiel 24:3-5 ; Ezekiel 26:17-18 ; Ezekiel 27:3-9 ; Ezekiel 27:25-36 ; Ezekiel 28:1-10 ; Ezekiel 28:12-19 ; Leviticus 10:3 ; Ezekiel 29:3-5 ; Ezekiel 30:2-4 ; Ezekiel 30:6-8 ; Ezekiel 30:10-19 ; Ezekiel 31:2-9 ; Ezekiel 32:2-8 ; Ezekiel 32:12-15 ; Ezekiel 32:19 ...
Daniel 2:20-23 ; Daniel 4:3 ; Daniel 4:34-35 ; 2 Chronicles 7:3 ; Daniel 7:9-10 ; Ecclesiastes 1:15,1 ; 7:23-27 Hosea—all poetry except for 1; Ecclesiastes 8:1 ; Daniel 3:1-5 ...
Joel—all poetry except for Daniel 2:30-3:8 ...
Amos—largely poetry...
Obadiah 1:1 ...
Jonah 2:2-9 ...
Micah 1-7 ...
Nahum 1-3 ...
Habakkuk 1-3 ...
Zephaniah 1-3 ...
Zechariah 9-11:3 ; Zechariah 11:17 ; Zechariah 13:7-9 ...
Parallelism The predominant feature of Hebrew poetry is parallelism
Zedad - The northern border of Canaan (Numbers 34:8 ; Ezekiel 47:15 )
Telabib - A place on the river Chebar in Mesopotamia, where a colony of captive Jews was located, Ezekiel 3:15
Amber - chasmal ) occurs only in ( Ezekiel 1:4,27 ; 8:2 ) It is usually supposed that the Hebrew word chasmal (denotes a metal) and not the fossil resin called amber
Minerals And Metals - The Bible has three main lists of precious stones: the twelve stones of Aaron's breastplate (Exodus 28:17-20 ; Exodus 39:10-13 ), the treasures of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ), and the stones on the wall foundation of the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:18-21 ). Other lists are found in Job 28:15-19 ; Isaiah 54:11-12 ; and Ezekiel 27:16 . Adamant Appears in KJV, RSV, REB of Ezekiel 3:9 and Zechariah 7:12 . The stone was “harder than flint” ( Ezekiel 3:9 ) and may be emery ( Ezekiel 3:9 NAS) or an imaginary stone of impenetrable hardness. It is perhaps best translated “the hardest stone” ( Ezekiel 3:9 NIV, NRSV). The word also occurs in the list of the king of Tyre's jewels (Ezekiel 28:13 ; RSV, NIV, “chrysolite”; NRSV, “beryl”; REB, “topaz”). RSV also appears to translate a third word as carbuncle in Ezekiel 28:13 by reversing the KJV order of emerald and carbuncle. NRSV reading for one of the stones of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ; NAS, TEV, NIV, “ruby”; REB, “sardin”) and the sixth stone on the foundation of the new Jerusalem wall (Revelation 21:20 ; compare Revelation 4:3 ). It replaces the KJV rendering beryl frequently in the RSV (Ezekiel 1:16 ; Ezekiel 10:9 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ) and throughout the NIV but not in NRSV. Coral (Job 28:18 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ) Calcium carbonate formed by the action of marine animals. Diamond The third stone of the second row of the high priest's breastplate (Exodus 28:18 ; Exodus 39:11 ; REB, “jade”; NIV, “emerald”) and one of the jewels of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ; NRSV, REB, “jasper”; NIV, “emerald”). It is the usual translation of the fourth stone of the high priest's breastplate and one of the stones of the king of Tyre (Exodus 28:18 ; Exodus 39:11 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; REB, “purple garnet”; NAS, NIV, NRSV, “turquoise”), with NRSV translating another word as “emerald. In the RSV for Ezekiel 28:13 , jasper translates the word elsewhere rendered “diamond” (REB, “jade”), but NRSV reads moonstone with the sixth stone jasper as in other translations. It is an alternate translation for sapphire (NAS in Ezekiel 28:13 ; NIV marginal notes). It was provided for the settings of the Temple (1 Chronicles 29:2 ) and was one of the precious stones of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ). It also appears as a stone of the king of Tyre ( Ezekiel 28:13 NAS, NIV; REB, KJV, “sardius”; NRSV, “carnelian”). Sapphire (Exodus 24:10 ; Exodus 28:18 ; Exodus 39:11 ; Job 28:6 ,Job 28:6,28:16 ; Isaiah 54:11 ; Lamentations 4:7 ; Ezekiel 1:26 ; Ezekiel 10:1 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; Revelation 21:19 ) The Hebrew sappir is a blue variety of corundum. Topaz Second stone of Aaron's breastplate (Exodus 28:17 ; Exodus 39:10 ); also mentioned in the wisdom list (Job 28:19 ) and the list of the king of Tyre's precious stones (Ezekiel 28:13 ). Buring sulfur deposits created extreme heat, molten flows, and noxious fumes, providing a graphic picture of the destruction and suffering of divine judgment ( Deuteronomy 29:23 ; Job 18:15 ; Psalm 11:6 ; Isaiah 30:33 ; Ezekiel 38:22 ; Luke 17:29 ). Salt Sodium chloride is an abundant mineral, used as a seasoning for food (Job 6:6 ) and offerings (Leviticus 2:13 ; Ezekiel 43:24 ). Biblical lists of metals (Numbers 31:22 ; Ezekiel 22:18 ,Ezekiel 22:18,22:20 ) mention gold, silver, bronze, iron, tin, and lead
Shroud - This word is used in Ezekiel 31:3 in the general sense of ‘shelter’ ‘covering,’ as in Milton’s Comus , 147 ‘Run to your shrouds, within these brakes and trees
Minnith - It furnished fine wheat for the market of Tyre, Ezekiel 27:17
ge'Bal - (mountain ), a maritime town of Phoenicia, near Tyre, ( Ezekiel 27:9 ) known by the Greeks as Byblus
Ashu'Rim - ( Genesis 26:3 ) Knobel considers them the same with the Asshur of (Ezekiel 27:28 ) and connected with southern Arabia
Tale - In Ezekiel 45:11 rendered "measure. In Job 37:2 this word is rendered "sound;" Revised Version margin, "muttering;" and in Ezekiel 2:10 , "mourning
Tubal - It is mentioned by (Isaiah 66:19 ), along with Javan, and by (Ezekiel 27:13 ), along with Meshech, among the traders with Tyre, also among the confederates of Gog (Ezekiel 38:2,3 ; 39:1 ), and with Meshech among the nations which were to be destroyed (32:26)
Beth-Eden - Ezekiel included Eden as one of the states who had traded with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:23 )
Bracelet - The bracelets mentioned in the Bible were usually of gold (Genesis 24:22 ,Genesis 24:22,24:30 ,Genesis 24:30,24:47 ; Numbers 31:50 ; Isaiah 3:19 ; Ezekiel 16:11 ; Ezekiel 23:42 )
Mother - Ezekiel (Ezekiel 21:21) uses "mother of the way" for the parting of the way into two roads which branch from it, as from a common parent; however, Havernick, from a Arabic idiom, translated it as "the highway
Lattice - According to one interpretation, in Ezekiel's Temple vision the windows were latticed (Ezekiel 41:16 ,Ezekiel 41:16,41:26 , NAS)
Kitchens - Ezekiel's vision of the Temple included four small courts at the corners of the Court of the Gentiles where the sacrifices that the common people were permitted to eat were boiled (Ezekiel 46:24 ). ” The sin, guilt, and cereal offerings were cooked in the kitchens within the priests' chambers to protect them from contact with persons who had not been consecrated (Ezekiel 46:19-20 )
me'Sech, me'Shech - They appear as allies of God, (Ezekiel 38:2,3 ; 39:1 ) and as supplying the Tyrians with copper and slaves. (Ezekiel 27:13 ) In (Psalm 120:5 ) they are noticed as one of the remotest and at the same time rudest nations of the world
Diamond - The Hebrew word here used is called "adamant" in Ezekiel 3:9 Zechariah 7:12 . See Exodus 28:18 39:11 Ezekiel 28:13 , and thought by some to mean the topaz
Whale - In Ezekiel 32:2 , referring to Egypt and the Nile, it doubtless means the crocodile; as also in Psalm 74:13 ; Isaiah 27:1 ; 51:9 ; Ezekiel 29:3 , where it is translated "dragon
Nose - Gold rings hung in the cartilage of the nose, or the left nostril, were favorite ornaments of eastern women, Proverbs 11:22 Ezekiel 16:12 . Rings were inserted in the noses of animals, to guide and control them; and according to the recently discovered tablets at Nineveh, captives among the Assyrians were sometimes treated in the same way, 2 Kings 19:28 Ezekiel 38:4
Nave - (Ezekiel 16:31 ) It is rendered once only in the plural, "naves," (1 Kings 7:33 ) meaning the centres of the wheels in which the spokes are inserted i. In (Ezekiel 1:18 ) it is rendered twice "rings," and margin "strakes," an old word apparently used for the nave (hub) of a wheel and also more probably for the felloe or the tire, as making the streak or stroke upon the ground
Fir - (Isaiah 14:8 ; Ezekiel 27:5 ) etc. The wood of the fir was used for ship-building, ( Ezekiel 27:5 ) for musical instruments, (2 Samuel 6:5 ) for beams and rafters of houses, (1 Kings 5:8,10 ; 2 Chronicles 2:8 ) It was a tall evergreen tree of vigorous growth
Path'Ros - ( Genesis 10:13,14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:12 ) Pathros is mentioned in the prophecies of Isaiah, (Isaiah 11:11 ) Jeremiah (Jeremiah 44:1,15 ) and Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 29:14 ; 30:13-18 ) It was probably part or all of upper Egypt, and we may trace its name in the Pathyrite name, in which Thebes was situated
Bero'Thah - The first of these two names is given by Ezekiel, ( Ezekiel 47:16 ) in connection with Hahlath and Damascus as forming part of the northern boundary of the promised land
Emerald, - (Exodus 28:18 ; 39:11 ) It was imported to Tyre from Syria, (Ezekiel 27:16 ) was used as a seal or signet, Sirach 32:6 , as an ornament of clothing and bedding, (Ezekiel 28:13 ; Judges 10:21 ) and is spoken of as one of the foundations of Jerusalem
Forehead - The "jewels for the forehead," mentioned by Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 16:12 ) and in margin of Authorized Version, (Genesis 24:22 ) were in all probability nose-rings
Idolomacy - The practice of consulting images of household gods (teraphim) for advice (Ezekiel 21:21 ; Zechariah 10:2 )
Ebony - A black, hard wood, brought by the merchants from India to Tyre (Ezekiel 27:15 )
Coral - The Hebrew word is ramoth, and occurs only in Job 28:18 and Ezekiel 27:16 : it signifies high priced or costly things
Elishah - "The isle of Elishah," which sent purple and scarlet stuffs to Tyre, Ezekiel 27:7 , are supposed to mean Greece and the adjacent islands
Muteness - God made Ezekiel mute (Ezekiel 3:26 ) in response to Israel's failure to listen to his message. Later He restored Ezekiel's speech (Ezekiel 24:27 ; Ezekiel 33:22 ) as a sign of the people's receptiveness to hear
Daniel - Two passages in the Book of Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 14:14-20 ; Ezekiel 28:3 ), written respectively about b. All three evidently belonged to the far-distant past: Ezekiel’s readers were familiar with their history and character. 606, a mere decade prior to Ezekiel 14:2
Memphis - It is called NOPH in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Isaiah 19:13 ; Jeremiah 2:16 ; Jeremiah 44:1 ; Jeremiah 46:14,19 ; Ezekiel 30:13,16 . Its downfall was predicted by Ezekiel, "Thus saith the Lord God: I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt. " Ezekiel 30:13
Helbon - ” City known for its trade in wine mentioned in Ezekiel's lament over Tyre (Ezekiel 27:18 )
Hophra - 591-572) in the time of Zedekiah, king of Judah (Jeremiah 37:5 44:30 ; Ezekiel 29:6,7 )
Noadiah - The prophetess, suborned by Sanballat and Tobiah to frighten Nehemiah (Nehemiah 6:14; compare Ezekiel 13:17)
Balm of Gilead - Exported from Gilead to Egypt and Phoenicia (Genesis 37:25 ; Ezekiel 27:17 )
Chrysolyte - The Greek word χρυσόλιθος occurs in the LXX in Exodus 28:20 ; Exodus 36:20 ( Exodus 39:13 ); Ezekiel 28:13
Pillows - The luxurious appliances mentioned in Ezekiel 13:18-19 , were temptations to ease and voluptuousness; and emblems of similar soporifics for the conscience
Morter - ...
If this were omitted, or if the sand, ashes, and lime in the proportion 1, 2, 3, were insufficiently mixed, there would be "untempered mortar," tapheel Arabic tapal , pipe-clay like, detritus of felspar (Ezekiel 13:10). The absence of the true uniting cement answers to the false prophet's lie, "thus saith Jehovah, when He had not spoken" (Ezekiel 22:28), false assurances of peace to flatter the people into non-submission to Nebuehadnezzar (Ezekiel 21:29; Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 23:16-17)
Lintel - In Ezekiel 40:9; Ezekiel 40:21-24; Ezekiel 40:26, "posts" (the same word 'ayil ) mean projecting column faced fronts of the sides of the doorway, opposite one another
Sardine - Exodus 28:17; Exodus 39:10; Ezekiel 28:13. As the jasper (or else diamond) represents the divine brightness or holiness, so the red sardine (our cornelian) His fiery wrath; the same union as in Ezekiel 1:4; Ezekiel 8:2; Daniel 7:9
Reed - ...
Usually, however, the word reed denotes a reed or cane growing in marshy grounds, Job 40:21 Isaiah 19:6 ; slender and fragile, and hence taken as an emblem of weakness, 1 Kings 18:21 Isaiah 36:6 Ezekiel 29:6 ; and of instability, Matthew 11:7 . The reed of spice, or good reed, (English version, "sweet calamus," Exodus 30:23 , "sweet cane" Jeremiah 6:20 ) also called simply reed, (English version, "calamus" or "sweet cane,") Isaiah 43:24 ; Song of Song of Solomon 4:14 ; Ezekiel 27:19 , is the sweet flag of India, calamus odoratus. Reeds were anciently used as pens and as measuring-rods, Ezekiel 40:5 42:16
Beth-Diblathaim - It is called also Almon-diblathaim (Numbers 33:46 ) and Diblath (Ezekiel 6:14 )
Hamon-Gog - Multitude of Gog, the name of the valley in which the slaughtered forces of Gog are to be buried (Ezekiel 39:11,15 ), "the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea
Chilmad - Named with Sheba and Asshur (Ezekiel 27:23)
Tel-Abib - The place of Ezekiel's residence among the Jewish captives in Babylonia, on the Chebar, a branch of the Euphrates (Ezekiel 3:15); the nahr Μalcha , Nebuchadnezzar's royal canal
Millet - Millet makes a poor quality bread and is normally mixed with other grains (Ezekiel 4:9 )
Wind - The Hebrews, like us, acknowledge four principal winds, Ezekiel 42:16-18 : the east wind, the north wind, the south wind, and the west wind, or that from the Mediterranean sea
Pannag - In Ezekiel 27:17 , is the Hebrew word for some unknown product of Palestine, which the Jews sold to the Tyrians
Awning - ]'>[1] in Ezekiel 27:7 as tr
North Country - Most of the invading armies entered Palestine from the north (Isaiah 41:25 ; Jeremiah 1:14,15 ; 50:3,9,41 ; 51:48 ; Ezekiel 26:7 )
Haven - The most famous on the coast of Palestine was that of Tyre (Ezekiel 27:3 )
Rhodes - (rhohdess) Island off the southwest coast of Asia Minor in the Mediterranean Sea associated with the Dodanim (Genesis 10:4 ; Ezekiel 27:15 )
Canneh - (can' neh) Northern Syrian city which traded with Tyre and gained Ezekiel's mention in condemning Tyre (Ezekiel 27:23 )
Calkers - The inhabitants of Gebel were employed in such work on Tyrian vessels (Ezekiel 27:9,27 ; marg
ko'a - (he-camel ) is a word which occurs only in ( Ezekiel 23:23 ) It may perhaps have been a city or district of Babylonia; or it may be a common noun, signifying "prince" or "nobleman
Knife - "knives of flint;" Compare Exodus 4:25 ); a razor (Ezekiel 5:1 ); a graving tool (Exodus 20:25 ); an axe (Ezekiel 26:9 )
Arrow - Arrows were used to convey fire to an enemy's house, and for divination, Ezekiel 21:21 . The word is applied symbolically to children, Psalm 127:4,5 ; to the lightning, Psalm 18:14 Habakkuk 3:11 ; to sudden calamities, Job 6:4 Psalm 38:2 91:5 Ezekiel 5:15 ; and to the deceitful and bitter words of an evil tongue, Psalm 64:3 120:4
Bonnet - peer), Exodus 39:28 (RSV, "head-tires"); Ezekiel 44:18 (RSV, "tires"), denotes properly a turban worn by priests, and in Isaiah 3:20 (RSV, "head-tires") a head-dress or tiara worn by females. The Hebrew word so rendered literally means an ornament, as in Isaiah 61:10 (RSV, "garland"), and in Ezekiel 24:17,23 "tire" (RSV, "head-tire")
Flint - In Isaiah 50:7 and Ezekiel 3:9 the expressions, where the word is used, means that the "Messiah would be firm and resolute amidst all contempt and scorn which he would meet; that he had made up his mind to endure it, and would not shrink from any kind or degree of suffering which would be necessary to accomplish the great work in which he was engaged. " (Compare Ezekiel 3:8,9
Arrows - They were also used in divination (Ezekiel 21:21 ). Compare Ezekiel 5:16 ), or of some sudden danger (Psalm 91:5 ), or bitter words (Psalm 64:3 ), or false testimony (Proverbs 25:18 )
Ap - Ezekiel 13:5 (a) In a peculiar way the Lord is describing certain conditions in the national life of Israel wherein their sins made openings for Satan to enter, and the emissaries of Satan to destroy. ...
Ezekiel 22:30 (a) Probably it is a type of the gulf between the Lord and His sinning people
Tin - bedil (Numbers 31:22 ; Ezekiel 22:18,20 ), a metal well known in ancient times. In Ezekiel 27:12 it is said to have been brought from Tarshish, which was probably a commercial emporium supplied with commodities from other places
Hunting - The lion and other ravenous beasts were found in Palestine (1 Samuel 17:34 ; 2 Samuel 23:20 ; 1 Kings 13:24 ; Ezekiel 19:3-8 ), and it must have been necessary to hunt and destroy them. War is referred to under the idea of hunting (Jeremiah 16:16 ; Ezekiel 32:30 )
Figured Stone - ” The same Hebrew term is used in Ezekiel 8:12 for idolatrous shrines decorated with base reliefs of gods in the form of animals ( Ezekiel 8:10 ; prohibited in Deuteronomy 4:17-18 )
Beth-Jeshimoth - Ezekiel described it as one of three frontier cities of Moab, these being “the glory of the country” (Ezekiel 25:9 ), but one facing God's judgment
Diblah - (dihb' lah) or DIBLATH (dihb' lath) Place name with variant manuscript spellings and English transliterations in Ezekiel 6:14 . ” Ezekiel used the term to describe the northern border of Israel as joined with the southern wilderness to describe all the territory of Israel which faced judgment—“from the desert to Diblah” (NIV)
Headtire, Tire - ‘The tire of thine head’ of Ezekiel 24:17 AV [2] ‘thy headtire,’ but ‘tires’ is retained in Ezekiel 24:23
Lead - The Egyptians "sank as lead" in the Red Sea, Exodus 15:10 ; Numbers 31:22 ; Ezekiel 27:12 . This metal was employed, before the use of quicksilver was known, in purifying silver; and the process by which these metals are purged from their dross, illustrates God's discipline of his people, Jeremiah 6:29,30 ; Ezekiel 22:17-22
Pelati'ah - and one of the princes of the people against whom Ezekiel was directed to utter the words of doom recorded in (Ezekiel 11:5-12 ) (B
Mig'Dol - ...
A Migdol is spoken of by Jeremiah and Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 29:10 ; 30:6 ) In the prophecy of Jeremiah the Jews in Egypt are spoken of as dwelling at Migdol
Calamus - (cal' uh muhss) An ingredient of holy anointing oil (Ezekiel 30:23 )
Gammadim - (Ezekiel 27:11 ) brave warriors; RSV marg
Pannag - Grotius identifies with Phoenice or Canaan (Ezekiel 27:17)
Chebar - a river of Chaldea, Ezekiel 1:1
Liver - Idolaters consulted the liver of the victim offered in sacrifice, for purposes of divination, Ezekiel 21:21
Pearl - Literally, "ice"; "what is frozen", as in Ezekiel 13:11; Ezekiel 13:13; Ezekiel 38:22 with "stones. " In Ezekiel 38:17, zekukit translated "glass" for "crystal
Cherubim - The lid of the ark, known as the mercy seat, was the symbolic throne of God, and the cherubim were symbolic guardians of that throne (Genesis 3:24; Ezekiel 1:4-28; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Kings 19:15; Psalms 80:1; Hebrews 9:5). In Ezekiel’s visions, cherubim supported the chariot-throne of God (1 Samuel 4:4; Ezekiel 10; cf. Ezekiel 41:17-20; Ezekiel 41:25), and the mobile lavers that belonged to the temple (1 Kings 7:29; 1 Kings 7:36)
Pekod - Probably a place in Babylonia (Jeremiah 50:21 ; Ezekiel 23:23 )
Zedad - Side; sloping place, a town in the north of Palestine, near Hamath (Numbers 34:8 ; Ezekiel 47:15 )
Pilled - Ezekiel 29:18; Nebuchadnezzar's soldiers had their shoulders pilled, i
Vision - A supernatural presentation of certain scenery or circumstances to the mind of a person either while awake or asleep, Isaiah 6:1-13 Ezekiel 1:1-28 Daniel 8:1-27 Acts 26:13
Beth-Jeshimoth - A city of Reuben, taken from the Moabites, Numbers 33:49 Joshua 12:3 13:20 ; but retaken by them after the captivity, Ezekiel 25:9
Embroidery And Needlework - ]'>[2] substitutes ‘embroidery,’ in the former passage, however, render ‘a piece of embroidery or two’ for ‘embroidery on both sides,’ and in Ezekiel 16:10 ; Ezekiel 16:13 ; Ezekiel 16:18 ; Ezekiel 27:7 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ; Ezekiel 27:24 by ‘ broidered work’ or ‘broidered garments,’ which RV
An illustration in colours of the sails which Tyre imported from Egypt, ‘of fine linen with broidered work’ (Ezekiel 27:7 ), may be seen in the frontispiece to Wilkinson’s Ancient Egyptians , vol
Razor - At their consecration the Levites were shaved all over with a razor (Numbers 8:7 ; Compare Psalm 52:2 ; Ezekiel 5:1 )
Measuring Line - References to a measuring line point to the restoration of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 31:39 ; Zechariah 2:1 ; compare Ezekiel 47:3 )
Necklace - An ornament worn around the neck (Song of Song of Solomon 1:10 ; Ezekiel 16:11 )
Silk - In Ezekiel 16:10,13 the word is meshi, and refers to some very fine substance like hair, fine silk
Twig - Ezekiel 17:4 (b) This is typical, because of their position in the top of the tree, of the kings, nobles, and the rulers of Israel
Hin - A Hebrew liquid measure; as of oil, Exodus 30:24 ; Ezekiel 45:24 , or of wine, Exodus 29:40 ; Leviticus 23:13
Ludim - Descendants of Mizraim, Genesis 10:13 , dwelling in Africa, probably near Ethiopia; they were famous bowmen, Isaiah 66:19 , and are mentioned as soldiers with the Ethiopians, Libyans, and Tyrians, Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 27:10 ; 30:5
Molech - ...
In spite of the penalties and warnings, there were many occasions throughout Israel’s history when people were guilty of offering child sacrifices (Judges 10:6; Judges 11:30-31; Judges 11:39; 2 Kings 17:17; 2 Kings 21:6; 2 Chronicles 28:1-3; Psalms 106:38; Jeremiah 7:31; Ezekiel 16:21; Ezekiel 20:31; Ezekiel 23:39)
Sodom And Gomorrah - The verb (ἐκπορνεύω) used in Jude is also used in Septuagint of Exodus 34:15-16, Leviticus 17:7, Hosea 4:12, Ezekiel 16:26; Ezekiel 16:28; Ezekiel 16:33, of ‘going after’ other gods, and this seems to explain the use of Sodom in Revelation 11:8
Forehead - ...
Ezekiel 3:8 (b) GOD promised to His prophet Jeremiah that strength would be given Him and courage to stand against the looks and the words of his enemies. ...
Ezekiel 16:12 (a) A picture of the loveliness and the beauty which GOD put on Israel when He gave them to be the head of the nations, and placed them in Canaan which He calls the glory of all lands. (See Ezekiel 20:6)
Cherub, Cherubim - In the visions of Ezekiel cherubim were seen in connection with the wheels, representing the glory and course of God's government in active judgement of Israel. They are called 'living creatures' in Ezekiel 1 , with the faces of a man (intelligence), of a lion (strength), of an ox (plodding endurance), and of an eagle (swiftness): see also Ezekiel 10 : where they are called 'cherubims,' and cf
Forehead - ' Ezekiel 16:12 is better translated 'ring upon thy nose. Ezekiel's forehead was made as hardas adamant, because of the hardness of Israel's forehead, with whom he had to contend. Ezekiel 3:8,9 . Ezekiel 9:4,6
High Places - The Hebrew word bamah is a general term, comprehending mountains and hills; but in Ezekiel 20:29, it is given as the proper name of a place; while in other passages it is usually and correctly translated "high place. 1 Kings 11:7; 2 Kings 14:4; 2 Kings 15:4; 2 Kings 15:35; 2 Chronicles 20:33; Ezekiel 6:3; Leviticus 26:30. 2 Kings 23:7; Ezekiel 16:16; Amos 5:8
Emerald - נפכּ? , Exodus 28:19 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; σμαραγδος , Revelation 21:19 ; Ecclesiastes 32:6; Tob_13:16 ; Jdt_10:21 . " From the passage in Ezekiel we learn that the Tyrians traded in these jewels in the marts of Syria
Eagle, - In Ezekiel and in the Revelation the living creatures have the eagle character as portraying the swiftness in execution of God's power in creation and judicial government. Ezekiel 1:10 ; Ezekiel 10:14 ; Revelation 4:7
Pillow - KJV followed the earliest Greek translation in reading pillows at Ezekiel 13:18 ,Ezekiel 13:18,13:20
Living Creatures - As represented by Ezekiel (1-10) and John (Revelation 4 , etc. They are distinguished from angels (Revelation 15:7 ); they join the elders in the "new song" (5:8,9); they warn of danger from divine justice (Isaiah 6:3-5 ), and deliver the commission to those who execute it (Ezekiel 10:2,7 ); they associate with the elders in their sympathy with the hundred and forty-four thousand who sing the new song (Revelation 14:3 ), and with the Church in the overthrow of her enemies (19:4)
Baal Meon - Ezekiel (Ezekiel 25:9) calls it a city on Moab's frontiers, and with Beth-jeshimoth and Kiriathaim, "the glory of the country
Teman - City of area associated with this clan (Jeremiah 49:7 ,Jeremiah 49:7,49:20 ; Ezekiel 25:13 ; Amos 1:12 ; Obadiah 1:9 ; Habakkuk 3:3 ). To others the linkage with Dedan (Jeremiah 49:7 ; Ezekiel 25:13 ) suggests Tema on the Arabian peninsula
Chebar - Length, a river in the "land of the Chaldeans" (Ezekiel 1:3 ), on the banks of which were located some of the Jews of the Captivity (Ezekiel 1:1 ; 3:15,23 ; 10:15,20,22 )
Arvad - In Ezekiel 27:8 ; Ezekiel 27:11 it is named as furnishing oarsmen for the galleys of Tyre and warriors for its defence
Hauran - A country east of the Jordan; the northeastern boundary of Palestine, Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18, and the Auranitis of the Greeks, and now known as the Hauran
Corn - , Exodus 9:32 and Isaiah 28:25, "rye;" Ezekiel 4:9, "fitches" and millet; oats are mentioned only, by rabbinical writers. Ezekiel 27:17; comp
Millet - Ezekiel 4:9 , received an order from the Lord to make himself bread with a mixture of wheat, barley, beans, lentiles, and millet. " This illustrates the appointment of it to the prophet Ezekiel as a part of his hard fare
Togarmah - ...
...
A nation which traded in horses and mules at the fairs of Tyre (Ezekiel 27:14 ; 38:6 ); probably an Armenian or a Scythian race; descendants of (1)
East Sea - (Joel 2:20 ; Ezekiel 47:18 ), the Dead Sea, which lay on the east side of the Holy Land
Berothah - ” Northern border town in Ezekiel's vision of restored Promised Land (Ezekiel 47:16 )
Settle - Ezekiel 43:14 (only) as tr
Brier - Used metaphorically of the enemies of Israel (Ezekiel 28:24 ) and of land which is worthless (Isaiah 5:6 ; Isaiah 7:23-25 ; Isaiah 55:13 ; compare Micah 7:4 )
Cruelly - Ezekiel 18
Chestnut Tree - ) ( Genesis 30:37 ; Ezekiel 31:8 ) Probably the "palm tree" (Platanus orientalis ) is intended
Migdol - A tower, a frontier town in Northern Egypt towards the Red Sea, Jeremiah 44:1 ; 46:14 ; Ezekiel 29:10 ; 30:6
Pekod - ]'>[1] Pukûdu , a people settled in Lower Babylonia, possibly of Aramæan race ( Ezekiel 23:23 , Jeremiah 50:21 )
ra'Amah - (Ezekiel 27:22 ) They were settled on the Persian Gulf
Fire (Kindle) - (See also Isaiah 10:16; Isaiah 42:25; Jeremiah 6:1; Jeremiah 11:16; Jeremiah 17:27; Jeremiah 21:14; Lamentations 4:11; Ezekiel 20:47; Ezekiel 24:10; Hosea 8:14; Amos 2:5). ...
Jeremiah 43:12 (a) Here we find a splendid type of GOD's power to punish all His enemies and especially those particular enemies which are mentioned in each of the following passages: Jeremiah 49:27; Jeremiah 50:32; Ezekiel 30:8, Ezekiel 30:14, Ezekiel 30:16; Ezekiel 39:6; Amos 1:4, Amos 1:14; Amos 2:2
Prince - The prophet Ezekiel, in the close of his prophecy, dwells much upon the character of the Lord Jesus under the title of prince. I refer the reader to Ezekiel 44:1-31; Ezekiel 45:1-25 and Ezekiel 46:1-24
Beasts - Beasts suffer with man under the penalties of the fall, Genesis 3:14 Exodus 9:6 3:15 Ezekiel 38:20 Hosea 4:3 . Animals were classed in the law as clean or unclean, with a primary reference to animal sacrifices, Genesis 7:2 Leviticus 11:1-47 The word beasts is figuratively used to symbolize various kings and nations, Psalm 74:14 Isaiah 27:1 Ezekiel 29:3 Daniel 7:1-28,8 Revelation 12:13 . In Ezekiel's vision, Ezekiel 1:1-28 , this is applied to human beings or their symbols. this latter might be appropriately rendered, "living creature," as the corresponding Hebrew word is in Ezekiel
Champaign - ]'>[1] has replaced champion ( Deuteronomy 11:30 , Jdt 5:1 ) and champion ( Ezekiel 37:2 marg
Arm - Used to denote power (Psalm 10:15 ; Ezekiel 30:21 ; Jeremiah 48:25 )
Arvad - Wandering, (Ezekiel 27:8 ), a small island and city on the coast of Syria, mentioned as furnishing mariners and soldiers for Tyre
Battering-Ram - (Ezekiel 4:2 ; 21:22 ), a military engine, consisting of a long beam of wood hung upon a frame, for making breaches in walls
Bath - A Hebrew liquid measure, the tenth part of an homer (1 Kings 7:26,38 ; Ezekiel 45:10,14 )
Arm - the power (Ezekiel 30:21)
Barber - Found only once, in Ezekiel 5:1 , where reference is made to the Jewish custom of shaving the head as a sign of mourning
Uzal - Ezekiel 27:19 includes them among Tyre's trading partners
Chub - The word is found only in Ezekiel 30:5
Tabrets - no sooner wast thou created than, like Adam, thou wast surrounded with tabrets, the emblem of Eden-like joys (Ezekiel 28:13)
Desirable - Ezekiel 23
Job - (Ezekiel 14:14) and his patience recommended very forcibly by an Apostle
Sardius - אדם , so called from its redness, Exodus 28:17 ; Exodus 39:10 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; σαρδιος , Revelation 21:20 ; a precious stone of a blood-red colour
Raamah - It is supposed to have adjoined the Persian gulf on its western shore towards the north, Ezekiel 27:12
Eden, Children of - The people occupying Bit-Adini ( 2 Kings 19:12 , Isaiah 37:12 : for Ezekiel 27:23 see Canneh)
Baal-Meon - Ezekiel 25:9 , speaks of it as then a Moabitish town
Fitches or Vetches - Two Hebrew words are translated "fitches," one of which probably means spelt, Ezekiel 4:9 , and the other gith, a plant resembling fennel, and very pungent, Isaiah 28:25
Cassia - (Exodus 30;24 ; Ezekiel 27:19 ) The cassia bark of commerce is yielded by various kinds of Cinnamomum , which grow in different parts of India
Carbuncle - The first may he a general term to denote any bright,sparkling gem , ( Isaiah 54:12 ) the second, (Exodus 28:17 ; 39:10 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ) is supposed to be and smaragdus or emerald
Sapphire - ספיר , Exodus 24:10 ; Exodus 28:18 ; Job 28:6 ; Job 28:16 ; Song of Solomon 5:14 ; Tob_13:16-170 ; Ezekiel 1:26 ; Ezekiel 10:1 ; Ezekiel 28:13 , σαπφειρος , Revelation 21:19 , only. Whence it is that the prophets describe the throne of God like unto sapphire, Ezekiel 1:26 ; Ezekiel 10:1
Cherub, Cherubim - In the Old Testament it is the name of a class of winged angels who functioned primarily as guards (Genesis 3:24 ) or attendants (Ezekiel 10:3-22 ). One is in the visions of the presence of God attended by living creatures (cherubim and seraphim, Isaiah 6:2-6 ; Ezekiel 1:4-28 ; Ezekiel 10:3-22 ). Even Ezekiel's vision depicts the glory of God resting upon or between the cherubim as something of a living throne. ...
Fully understanding Ezekiel's description of these creatures, however, is quite difficult. Also, Ezekiel's cherubim bear as great a similarity to Isaiah's seraphim as they do to the Temple cherubim. However, a comparison of Ezekiel 1:1 and Ezekiel 10:1 with the Temple representations and with Isaiah's vision does clearly indicate that the function of these heavenly, living creatures was that of attending the presence of the living God
Creature - The living creatures in Ezekiel 10:15,17 , are imaginary beings, symbols of the Divine attributes and operations
Hethlon - The "way of Hethlon" (Ezekiel 47:15 ; 48:1 ) is probably the pass at the end of Lebanon from the Mediterranean to the great plain of Hamath (q
Minnith - An Ammonite city, the limit of Jephthah's slaughter, near "the plain (meadow) of vineyards," Abel Ceramim (Judges 11:33), afterwards belonging to Israel; famous for wheat (Ezekiel 27:17)
Chun - It is called Berothai in 2 Samuel 8:8 ; probably the same as Berothah in Ezekiel 47:16
Pillow - Ezekiel 13:18 (b) This figure describes the path of ease which some people make for the people of GOD to keep them comfortable and at rest when they should be active in the service of the King, as soldiers of JESUS CHRIST
Amber - Ezekiel 1:4 (c) This seems to be a type of the golden glow which surrounds the person of GOD and presents to us in a graphic way the marvelous glory of His person
Bamah - We meet with this name but once, namely in Ezekiel 20:29
Minnith - Perhaps the same place is referred to in Ezekiel 27:17 , from whence wheat was sent to Tyre
Che'Bar - " ( Ezekiel 1:3 ; 3:15,23 ) etc
Sheepfold - Related words appearing in Genesis 49:14 ; Judges 5:16 ; Ezekiel 40:43 ; and Psalm 68:13 are variously interpreted from the context and translated: “saddlebags,” “double-pronged hooks,” and “campfires” (NIV), “sheepfolds” and “pegs” (NRSV), “sheepfolds” and “double hooks” (NAS), “cattle pens,” “sheepfolds,” and “rims” (REB), “burdens,” “sheepfolds,” “pots,” and “hooks” (KJV), “saddlebags,” “sheep,” “sheep pens,” and “ledges” (TEV). The latest Hebrew dictionary completed in 1990 but published in parts over two decades gives differing meanings for the two related terms: “saddlebags” and “sheepfolds,” separating the Ezekiel passage out as a meaning unto itself
Jasper - The first term is used for the sixth stone in the headdress of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ). This second term is rendered onyx at Ezekiel 28:13
Mortar - Modern translations sometimes replace the mortar of the KJV with another term, for example, plaster (Leviticus 14:42 ,Leviticus 14:42,14:45 ) or whitewash (Ezekiel 13:10-11 ,Ezekiel 13:10-11,13:14-15 )
Calf - The feet of one of the cherubim described by Ezekiel looked like those of a calf (Ezekiel 1:7 )
Roll - ) So Ezekiel's visions were written in a roll, and the Lord caused him to eat it; intimating, no doubt figuratively, the durable impression the words of the Lord made upon his mind. (See Ezekiel 2:1-10; Ezekiel 3:1-27; Revelation 10:9
Ludim - The descendants of the latter only are mentioned in Scripture: they are mentioned by Isaiah 66:19 , with Pul, whose settlement is supposed to have been about the island Philoe, near the first cataract of the Nile; by Jeremiah 46:9 , with the Ethiopians and Lybians; by Ezekiel 27:10 , with Phut, as the mercenary soldiers of Tyre, and Ezekiel 30:5 , with the Ethiopians and Libyans; all plainly denoting their African position; but in what particular part of that continent this position was, is not known
Tahapanes - Jeremiah 2:16 , or Tahpanhes, Jeremiah 43:7,9 , or Tegaphnehes, Ezekiel 30:18 , the name of an Egyptian city, for which the Seventy put Taphne, and the Greek historians Daphne. That Tahapanes was a large and important city, is apparent from the threats uttered against it by Ezekiel 30:18
Egypt, River - ‘river ( nahar ) of Egypt,’ Genesis 15:18 , and simply ‘the wady,’ Ezekiel 47:19 ; Ezekiel 48:28 )
Corn - The most common kinds were wheat, barley, spelt, Authorized Version, (Exodus 9:32 ) and Isai 28:25 "Rye;" (Ezekiel 4:9 ) "fitches" and millet; oats are mentioned only by rabbinical writers. (Ezekiel 27:17 ) comp
Ariel - In Ezekiel 43:15 "the altar"; the secret of Israel's lion-like strength, her having God at peace with her through the atoning sacrifice there. Menochius guesses that the lieu (aril ) was carved on it; but as the word in Hebrew of Ezekiel 43:15 (arieil ) is somewhat different from that in Isaiah, perhaps in Ezekiel it menus, from an Arabic root, "the hearth of God
Baldness - A mark of mourning (Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 47:5; Ezekiel 7:18; Isaiah 15:2). Priests were forbidden to make baldness on their heads, or to shave off the grainers of their beards (Leviticus 21:5; Ezekiel 44:20); as mourners and idol priests did. Nebuchadnezzar's army grew bald in besieging Tyre with the hardships of their work (Ezekiel 29:18)
Togarmah - In Ezekiel 27:14 Togarmah appears trading with Tyre for horses and mules; so Strabo (xi. In Ezekiel 38:6, Togarmah comes with Comer from the N. Gog (Ezekiel 38:1-6) or the king of the N
Lydia - Lydians were named by Ezekiel as “men of war” or mercenaries who fought to defend Tyre (Ezekiel 27:10 ) and who made an alliance with Egypt (Ezekiel 30:5 ) 2
Dumb - ...
Ezekiel 3:26 (a) The Spirit of GOD for bade the prophet to speak to the people. (See also Ezekiel 24:17-18, where GOD released his tongue; see also Ezekiel 33:22)
Palms - Thus, images of palms were used in the decoration of the Temple (1Kings 6:29,1 Kings 6:35 ; 1 Kings 7:36 ) and were part of Ezekiel's vision of the new Temple (Ezekiel 40:16 ,Ezekiel 40:16,40:22 ,Ezekiel 40:22,40:26 )
Cedar - It was stately (Ezekiel 31:3-5 ), long-branched (Psalm 80:10 ; 92:12 ; Ezekiel 31:6-9 ), odoriferous (Song of Solomon 4:11 ; Hosea 14:6 ), durable, and therefore much used for boards, pillars, and ceilings (1 Kings 6:9,10 ; 7:2 ; Jeremiah 22:14 ), for masts (Ezekiel 27:5 ), and for carved images (Isaiah 44:14 ). "The mighty conquerors of olden days, the despots of Assyria and the Pharaohs of Egypt, the proud and idolatrous monarchs of Judah, the Hebrew commonwealth itself, the war-like Ammonites of patriarchal times, and the moral majesty of the Messianic age, are all compared to the towering cedar, in its royal loftiness and supremacy (Isaiah 2:13 ; Ezekiel 17:3,22,23,31:3-9 ;; Amos 2:9 ; Zechariah 11:1,2 ; Job 40:17 ; Psalm 29:5 ; 80:10 ; 92:12 , etc)
Despite - Ezekiel 25
Hoof - A cleft hoof as of neat cattle (Exodus 10:26 ; Ezekiel 32:13 ); hence also of the horse, though not cloven (Isaiah 5:28 )
Elishah - This may be meant by "the isles of Elishah" (Ezekiel 27:7 )
Beans - An ingredient in Ezekiel's (Ezekiel 4:9) bread for 390 days, during his representative siege of Jerusalem
Affection - There is a distinction between natural and spiritual or gracious affections (Ezekiel 33:32 )
Rosin - Found only in Authorized Version, margin, Ezekiel 27:17 , Heb
Dedanim - " They are enumerated also by ( Ezekiel 27:20 ) among the merchants who supplied Tyre with precious things
Eglaim - It is distinct in location and Hebrew spelling from En-eglaim (Ezekiel 47:10 )
Hazar-Enan - ” Site marking northeastern border of Promised Land (Numbers 34:9-10 ; Ezekiel 47:17 )
Sho'a - (rich ), a proper name which occurs only in ( Ezekiel 23:23 ) in connection with Pekod and Koa
Koa - Ezekiel 23:23 lists the names of several nations God will bring against Israel
Canneh - A town named with Haran and Eden ( Ezekiel 27:23 ), not identified
Skirt - (See also Ezekiel 16:8)
Tetramorph - The representations of it are evidently suggested by the vision of Ezekiel (ch
Emerald - A precious stone of a fine green color, found anciently in Ethiopia, but in modern times only in South America, Exodus 28:18 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ; 28:13
Tires - Some supposed the tire, in Ezekiel 24:17 , was an ornamented headdress
Handbreadth - Ezekiel's long cubit was six handbreaths, one more than the common cubit (Ezekiel 40:5 )
Shoa - A race named in Ezekiel 23:23 along with Babylonians, Chaldæans, Pekod, Koa, and Assyrians
Vedan - ]'>[1] the name of a country or city that traded with Tyre ( Ezekiel 27:19 )
Chrysolite - , "a gold stone" (chrusos, "gold," lithos, "a stone"), is the name of a precious stone of a gold color, now called "a topaz," Revelation 21:20 (see also Exodus 28:20 ; Ezekiel 28:13 )
Ashurites - In 'the company of the Ashurites' in Ezekiel 27:6 , it is doubtful whether a proper name is intended, it is translated variously: see margin
Jehovah-Shamma - (jeh hoh' vuh-sshuhm' maw) Transliteration of a Hebrew name (Ezekiel 48:35 , margin) meaning “The Lord is there” which is better transliterated YHWH-shammah (NAS margin). The Jerusalem of Ezekiel's vision was known by this name
Tin - A metal known and used at an early period, Numbers 31:22 , and brought by the Tyrians from Tarshish, Ezekiel 27:12
Lewd - Ezekiel 23
Ebony - EBONY ( hobnîm , Ezekiel 27:15 ) is the black heart-wood of the date-plum, Diospyros ebenum , imported from S
Ebony - It was anciently highly prized, Ezekiel 27:15 , and is still much used for musical instruments and fancy articles
Hedge - The Hebrew words thus rendered denote simply that which surrounds or encloses, whether it be a stone wall, geder , ( Proverbs 24:31 ; Ezekiel 42:10 ) or a fence of other materials
Kedar - The people of Kedar lived in tents, kept flocks of sheep and goats, and dealt shrewdly in various trading activities (Psalms 120:5; Isaiah 60:7; Jeremiah 49:28-29; Ezekiel 27:21; see ARABIA)
Rie, Rye, - The same Hebrew word in Ezekiel 4:9 is translated 'fitches,' with 'spelt' in the margin
Parable - In the first case it comprises all forms of teaching by analogy, and all forms of figurative speech, and is applied to metaphors, whether expanded into narratives, Ezekiel 12:22, or not, Matthew 24:32; to proverbs and other short sayings, 1 Samuel 10:12; 1 Samuel 24:13; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Luke 4:23; to dark utterances or signs of prophetic or symbolical meaning. Numbers 23:17-18; Numbers 24:3; Ezekiel 20:49; Hebrews 9:9, etc
Headband, Headdress - Such a headdress was wound around the head like a turban (Ezekiel 24:17 ). The same Hebrew term is used for the bridegroom's “garland” (Isaiah 61:10 ) and for the linen turbans of the priests (Ezekiel 44:18 )
Tile, Tiling - The former occurs only in Ezekiel 4:1 for ‘brick’ the usual rendering of the original. For plans of a city drawn on ‘bricks’ or ‘tablets’ of soft clay, which were afterwards baked hard, see ‘Ezekiel,’ in SBOT Branch - A symbol of kings descended from royal ancestors (Ezekiel 17:3,10 ; Daniel 11:7 ); of prosperity (Job 8:16 ); of the Messiah, a branch out of the root of the stem of Jesse (Isaiah 11:1 ), the "beautiful branch" (4:2), a "righteous branch" (Jeremiah 23:5 ), "the Branch" (Zechariah 3:8 ; 6:12 ). The "highest branch" in Ezekiel 17:3 represents Jehoiakim the king
Adultery - ...
Idolatry, covetousness, and apostasy are spoken of as adultery spiritually ( Jeremiah 3:6,8,9 ; Ezekiel 16:32 ; Hosea 1:2:3 ;; Revelation 2:22 ). An apostate church is an adulteress (Isaiah 1:21 ; Ezekiel 23:4,7,37 ), and the Jews are styled "an adulterous generation" (Matthew 12:39 )
Winds - Blowing from the four quarters of heaven (Jeremiah 49:36 ; Ezekiel 37:9 ; Daniel 8:8 ; Zechariah 2:6 ). The east wind was parching (Ezekiel 17:10 ; 19:12 ), and is sometimes mentioned as simply denoting a strong wind (Job 27:21 ; Isaiah 27:8 )
Bags - Κeliy , the "shepherd's bag," for carrying materials for healing or binding up lame sheep (Ezekiel 34:4; Ezekiel 34:16)
Elishah - Ezekiel noted in his lament over Tyre that Tyre had imported from Elishah the purple fabric for which Tyre was famous (Ezekiel 27:7 )
Javan - In Ezekiel 27:13 the Javan that traded with Tyre doubtless also refers to Greece; but in Ezekiel 27:19 it is supposed to point to southern Arabia, the verse being better translated "Vedan and Javan of Uzal traded in thy markets," etc
Extortion - Ezekiel (Ezekiel 22:12) had inveighed against this sin as one of the transgressions of Israel which called forth the Divine wrath
Zadok - To Ezekiel the Zadokites are the only legitimate priests ( Ezekiel 40:46 ; Ezekiel 43:19 ; Ezekiel 44:16 ; Ezekiel 48:11 )
Ezekiel, Theology of - Ezekiel and his contemporaries confronted what for the Israelites was the most traumatic possible challenge to their faith: the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple. ...
Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, was probably born around 622 b. Ezekiel's task was to demonstrate that this crutch was sure to fail even while he assured them that God himself had not failed. ...
Ezekiel 1 and Divine Transcendence . The Book of Ezekiel has a beginning few readers can forget. Standing by the Kebar River Ezekiel suddenly sees the vision of the chariot of Yahweh (1:2-28). ...
For the reader, the surprise is that Ezekiel begins his message of judgment not with the sinfulness of Judah but with the sovereignty of God. ...
Ezekiel's vision showed them that it was not that Yahweh was too small, but that he was too great. ...
The Radical Sin of Israel and the Radical Methods of Ezekiel . The opening vision is only the first of many strange messages in Ezekiel. While it may not quite be true to say that for Ezekiel the medium was the message, certainly the media he used carried within them a drama and force commensurate with the desperate nature of the situation. ...
More than any other prophet, Ezekiel acted out his message in parables. Ezekiel was as much a prisoner as were the Jews trapped in Jerusalem. Israel had been as near to God as Ezekiel's hair had been to the prophet, but they would be slaughtered and dispersedsave for a small remnant. ...
Ezekiel's language is the boldest, most graphic in the Bible. If Ezekiel's language lacks delicacy, it is because he is trying to warn the people of the horrors soon to overtake them. ...
Ezekiel's language is not all emotional imagery, however. God routinely addresses Ezekiel as "son of man" (that is, "mortal"), and so reminds him that he and his people are small and fragile. ...
God commissions Ezekiel as the watchman over Jerusalem. ...
More than that, Ezekiel in a vision ate a scroll that was the word of God (2:9-3:11). To emphasize this, Ezekiel fell dumb when not expressly preaching God's message (3:26-27; 24:27). Many scholars assert, on the basis of chapter 18, that Ezekiel was a pioneer in developing the doctrine of individual responsibility. ...
In chapter 18 Ezekiel confronts the popular proverb of his time, "The fathers eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge" (v. ...
Ezekiel, speaking in God's name, responds first that every individual belongs to God and is responsible to him directly and not through his or her parents (v. ...
To this, Ezekiel adds the principle that if a sinful person repents, God will no longer hold that person's former sins against him. Ezekiel has laid out in clearest terms not only the idea of individual responsibility but also the possibility of repentance and the necessity of perseverance. ...
It is another question, however, whether Ezekiel's ideas represent a major break from previous Old Testament teachings. ...
In short, Ezekiel enunciated more clearly than before certain principles of divine judgment and human responsibility, and he corrected the misunderstandings of his contemporaries. More than any other prophet, Ezekiel graphically portrays the perversity and effrontery of apostasy. ...
In chapter 23 using the most graphic sexual imagery found anywhere in the Bible, Ezekiel set out the parable of the sisters Oholah and Oholibah. ...
In chapter 8, Ezekiel describes the apostasy that was being committed in the temple itself. There in the very house of God Ezekiel saw several examples of Jerusalem's apostasy. ...
Finally, Ezekiel sees men on the east side of the temple bowing to the rising sun with their backs to the temple (vv. For Ezekiel's readers, the reason for the destruction of the temple is obvious. Like many other prophets, Ezekiel includes a series of oracles against the nations in his book (25:1-32:32). Against Ammon, for example (25:1-7), Ezekiel makes the point that because they gloated over the fall of the Jerusalem sanctuary, God would hand them and all their possessions over to foreigners from the east. Using imagery that would have been meaningful for a priest, Ezekiel describes the king of Tyre as if he were a cherub statue standing in the holy of holies (28:13-14; cf. ...
For Ezekiel, the oracles against the nations meant that the same God who had condemned Jerusalem also stood in judgment over the nations. For Ezekiel, the sovereignty of God, whereby he was free to judge Jerusalem and destroy its temple, was also the basis for Jerusalem's hope. ...
In chapter 37, Ezekiel lays out three aspects of the hope of restoration. ...
Second, in a text that parallel's the promise in Jeremiah 31:31-37 of a new covenant with Israel and Judah, Ezekiel promises that God will draw together his people and give to them an obedient heart that they might never again wander from him (37:15-23). ...
Third, Ezekiel promises that "David" will be their faithful ruler forever. In a surprising turn, Ezekiel interrupts his prophecies of future redemption and glory with the prophecy of the great war against Gog and Magog (chaps. We have seen that the entire prophecy of Ezekiel focuses on the theological crisis occasioned by the destruction of the temple. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ezekiel the priest should crown his promise of restoration with a vision of a new temple (chaps. , Hebrews 8:1-10:17 ), the text of Ezekiel itself rules out such an interpretation. Similarly, the portrayal of the division of the land among the twelve tribes (Ezekiel 47:13-48:35 ) is highly idealized and resists any attempt to set down literal borders for the tribes (although this does not keep some imaginative interpreters from trying). Eichrodt, Ezekiel ; H. Taylor, Ezekiel
Palmtree - TAMAR the last town of Judaea, by the Dead Sea (Ezekiel 47:19); Robinson makes its site El-Milh between Hebron and wady Muse. The walls, doors, bases and posts of the temples of Solomon and Ezekiel (Ezekiel 40:16; Ezekiel 40:22; Ezekiel 40:26; Ezekiel 40:31; Ezekiel 40:34; Ezekiel 40:37; Ezekiel 41:18-20; Ezekiel 41:25-26; 1 Kings 6:29; 1 Kings 6:32-35; 1 Kings 7:36) were decorated with palmtrees in relief
Adamant - It is also employed figuratively, Ezekiel 3:9 ; Zechariah 7:12
Maneh - Portion (Ezekiel 45:12 ), rendered "pound" (1 Kings 10:17 ; Ezra 2:69 ; Nehemiah 7:71,72 ), a weight variously estimated, probably about 2 1/2 or 3 lbs
Beacon - In Isaiah 33:23 and Ezekiel 27:5 , the same word is rendered "mast
Wagon - In Ezekiel 23:24 , however, it is the rendering of a different Hebrew word, and denotes a war-chariot
Fitches - Ezekiel 4:9 refers to either spelt, an inferior type of wheat (NAS, NIV, TEV), or else vetches (REB), a plant of the bean family
Tire, - It was an ornamental headdress worn on festive occasions, (Ezekiel 24:17,23 ) and perhaps, as some suppose, also an ornament for the neck worn by both women, (Isaiah 3:18 ) and men, and even on the necks of camels
Benches - KJV translation for the planks of a ship's deck (Ezekiel 27:6 )
Ammi - ) "My people;" the name betokening God's reconciliation to His people, in contrast to Lo-ammi, "not My people" (Hosea 1:9), though once "Mine" (Ezekiel 16:8)
Albeit - Ezekiel 8
Clap - (See also Ezekiel 25:6)
Pan - Some of these were made of iron as mentioned in Ezekiel 4:3 , and were used for baking cakes, etc
Knee - ...
Ezekiel 47:4 (b) The Holy Spirit affects our life of devotion
Migdol - In Ezekiel 29:10 , margin , 'from Migdol to Syene' implies from north to south of Egypt
Topaz - It was one of the twelve gems in the high priest's breastplate, Exodus 28:17 ; 39:10 , and was a highly prized product of Cush, or Southern Arabia, Job 28:19 ; Ezekiel 28:13
Heth'Lon - ( Ezekiel 47:15 ; 48:1 ) In all probability the "way of Hethlon" is the pass at the northern end of Lebanon, and is thus identical with "the entrance of Hamath" in (Numbers 34:8 ) etc
Inkhorn - The Hebrew word so rendered means simply a round vessel or cup for containing ink, which was generally worn by writers in the girdle (Ezekiel 9:2,3,11 )
Girdle - 'ezor, something "bound," worn by prophets (2 Kings 1:8 ; Jeremiah 13:1 ), soldiers (Isaiah 5:27 ; 2 Samuel 20:8 ; Ezekiel 23:15 ), Kings (Job 12:18 ). The common girdle was made of leather (2 Kings 1:8 ; Matthew 3:4 ); a finer sort of linen (Jeremiah 13:1 ; Ezekiel 16:10 ; Daniel 10:5 ). They were variously fastened to the wearer (Mark 1:6 ; Jeremiah 13:1 ; Ezekiel 16:10 )
Zadok - Because they remained faithful to God throughout that period, they were designated the chief priests in the religious system that Ezekiel looked for in the rebuilt nation (Ezekiel 40:46; Ezekiel 44:15)
Baldness - Shaving the head for appearance or in grieving for the dead was prohibited by law (Leviticus 21:5 ; Deuteronomy 14:1 ), and especially for priests (Ezekiel 44:20 ). Ezekiel described men made to work so hard “every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled” ( Ezekiel 29:18 ), but there is no evidence that slaves were forced to shave their heads
Whelp - ...
Ezekiel 19:2 (a) The Lord describes the children of Israel's kings and leaders as being nourished and brought up as wild animals, rebellious against GOD, and fierce in their attitudes. ...
Ezekiel 19:3 (a) This young lion was the King of Israel who was taken prisoner by Pharaoh and carried in chains into Egypt. ...
Ezekiel 19:5 (a) The whelp mentioned in this verse was the king of Israel whose name was Jehoiakim
Threshold - ...
Ezekiel 9:3 (c) This is the first movement of the Spirit of GOD as He prepared to leave Israel to the fate of her enemies. (See also Ezekiel 10:4). ...
Ezekiel 47:1 (b) No doubt this is a type of our blessed Lord from whom the gracious Holy Spirit is given
Noah - Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 14:20) knows of three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, efficient mediators to deliver the people by their righteousness; but in the present case, even the three shall be able to deliver only themselves (see also Hebrews 11:7)
Noah - Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 14:20) knows of three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, efficient mediators to deliver the people by their righteousness; but in the present case, even the three shall be able to deliver only themselves (see also Hebrews 11:7)
Gog - In Ezekiel 38; 39, these two appear in the N. ...
Gog is the ideal head of Magog the land and people; also prince of Rosh (Roxolani), Mesech (Moschi), and Tubal (Tibareni); Ezekiel 38:2, "the chief prince," rather "prince of Rosh" (the Scythian Tauri). , just before Ezekiel wrote, after making their name a terror to Asia. " (compare Ezekiel 39:2), who "shall do according to his will, and exalt and magnify himself above every god, and speak marvelous things against the God of gods, and shall enter also into the glorious land and plant the tabernacles of his palaces between the seas in the glorious holy mountain, and shall come to his end," through Michael's interposition, after a "time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation" (Daniel 11:21-45; Daniel 12:1; Zechariah 13:9; 1618529196_33). ...
Sheba, Dedan, Tarshish, mercantile peoples, though not openly joining his invasion of Israel, yet from selfish love of gain, sympathize with it secretly (Ezekiel 38:13; Ezekiel 39:6, "the isles"); they shall therefore share antichrist's doom, the robber shall be robbed in righteous retribution, the spoiler spoiled, and the slayer slain
Griddle - Later griddles were made of iron ( Ezekiel 4:3 where the same Hebrew word is often rendered plate)
Roll - ...
(noun)...
Ezekiel 3:1 (c) This parchment is a type of all the precious Word of GOD
Zahar - (zay' hahr) Source of wool traded with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:18 NIV; “Sahar,” TEV; “Suhar,” REB)
Libya - Libya (lĭb'y-ah), occurring only in Ezekiel 30:5 A
Shaphan - A scribe or secretary under King Josiah, to whom he read from the newly found autograph roll of the book of the law, 2 Kings 22:12 ; Jeremiah 29:3 ; 36:10 ; Ezekiel 8:11
Dodanim - the true reading of Ezekiel 27:15 under Dedan
Crystal - The same Hebrew word is rendered by our translators, crystal, Ezekiel 1:22 ; frost, Genesis 31:40 ; and ice, Job 6:16
Uncleanness - Ezekiel 36
Jaazaniah - See Ezekiel 8:11 ). A government official whom Ezekiel accused with his associates of giving wicked advice
Hauran (1) - Only in Ezekiel 47:16 ; Ezekiel 47:18 is the name mentioned, and there as the ideal border of Canaan on the east
Navel - Ezekiel 16:4 graphically portrays Jerusalem's hopeless state before God's adoption in the image of a child whose navel string (umbilical cord) is not cut (See Job 40:16 ; Proverbs 3:8 ; Song of Song of Solomon 7:2 ). Hebrew expression for “midst of the land” or “center of the earth” (NRSV) in Judges 9:37 ; Ezekiel 38:12
Scorpion, - In Ezekiel 2:6 the children of Israel are compared to scorpions, among whom Ezekiel had to labour
Island - Scripture mentions many islands by name: Arvad (Ezekiel 27:8 ,Ezekiel 27:8,27:11 ) is an island two miles offshore from northern Phoenicia. Cyprus (home of the Old Testament Chittim, Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ) is an island 75 miles long located toward the eastern end of the Mediterranean (Acts 4:36 ; Acts 11:19-20 among others). Tyre (Ezekiel 26:2 ) was a famous Phoenician island city
Loan - One might charge interest to sojourners (Deuteronomy 23:20 ), though this arrangement was not meant to be exploitative (Exodus 22:21 ; Leviticus 19:33-34 ; Deuteronomy 10:19 ; Ezekiel 22:7 ). Compassionate lending was one measure of a righteous person (Amos 2:6-80 ; Ezekiel 18:5-9 ). , 1618529196_5 ; Psalm 15:14 ), including violations of charging interest and abusing pledges (Ezekiel 18:12-13 ; Ezekiel 22:12 ; Habakkuk 2:6-9 ; see Nehemiah 5:6-11 )
Pathros - The name generally given to Upper Egypt (the Thebaid of the Greeks), as distinguished from Matsor, or Lower Egypt (Isaiah 11:11 ; Jeremiah 44:1,15 ; Ezekiel 30:14 ), the two forming Mizraim
Kerchief - "Woe to the women that make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature (men of every age) to hunt souls" (to make them their prey); Ezekiel 13:18
Emerald - Tyre imported it from Syria (Ezekiel 27:16)
Elishah - Ezekiel 27:7; "purple from the isles of Elishah
Beans - They formed a constituent in the bread ( Ezekiel 4:9 ) was commanded to make, as they were in general much used as an article of diet
Sandals - Sandals were also made of seal-skin (Ezekiel 16:10 ; lit
Syene - Opening (Ezekiel 29:10 ; 30:6 ), a town of Egypt, on the borders of Ethiopia, now called Assouan, on the right bank of the Nile, notable for its quarries of beautiful red granite called "syenite
Chest - " In Ezekiel 27:24 a different Hebrew word, Genazim (plur
Shoa - (sshoh' uh) National name meaning, “help!” Nation God used to punish His people (Ezekiel 23:23 )
Sparrow - Often translated “bird” (Psalm 8:8 ; Ezekiel 17:23 NAS, NIV, NRSV) as representative of all birds
Spelt - Compare Ezekiel 4:9
Arch - The word elam occurs only in Ezekiel 40:21-36 , and in the A
Tubal - They were a warlike people, and brought slaves and copper vessels to the market of Tyre, Isaiah 66:19 ; Ezekiel 27:13 ; 32:26 ; 38:2 ; 39:1
ar'Vad - (wandering ) ( Ezekiel 27:8,11 ) The island of Ruad , which lies off Tortosa ( Tartus ), two or three miles from the Phoenician coast
Millet, - (Ezekiel 4:9 ) It is probable that both the Sorghum vulgare and that Panicum miliaceum were used, and the Hebrew dochan may denote either of these plants
Baldness - (Leviticus 13:29 ; 2 Kings 2:23 ; Isaiah 3:24 ; 15:2 ; Jeremiah 47:5 ; Ezekiel 7:18 ) Artificial baldness marked the conclusion of a Nazarite's vow, (Numbers 6:9 ; Acts 18:18 ) and was a sign of mourning
Pannag - (Ezekiel 27:17 ; marg
Ariel - ...
...
A symbolic name for Jerusalem (Isaiah 29:1,2,7 ) as "victorious under God," and in Ezekiel 43:15,16 , for the altar (marg
Tooth - "Gnashing of teeth" =rage, despair (Matthew 8:12 ; Acts 7:54 ); "cleanness of teeth" =famine (Amos 4:6 ); "children's teeth set on edge" =children suffering for the sins of their fathers (Ezekiel 18:2 )
Cassia - An article of Tyre's merchandise (Ezekiel 27:19)
Koa - A people associated with Pekod and Shoa ( Ezekiel 23:23 ), probably, therefore, a by-form of Kutû (also Gutium ), often mentioned in Assyr
Armholes - Ezekiel 13:18 (b) These are used as a picture of the carelessness and indolence of those who should have been actively engaged in restoring Israel to the Lord
Gold - Several places axe mentioned by the sacred writers as abounding in gold; such as Ophir, Job 28:16; Parvaim, 2 Chronicles 3:6; Sheba and Raamah, Ezekiel 27:22
Ink - Writers carried their inkhorns within, or suspended from, their girdles, Ezekiel 9:2
Fir - The Hebrew word often seems to mean the Ezekiel 27:5 ; for musical instruments, 2 Samuel 6:5 ; for beams and rafters of houses, 1 Kings 5:8,10 9:11 Song of Song of Solomon 1:17
Gog - ...
...
The name of the leader of the hostile party described in Ezekiel 38,39 , as coming from the "north country" and assailing the people of Israel to their own destruction. The vision respecting Gog and Magog in the Apocalypse (Revelation 20:8 ) is in substance a reannouncement of this prophecy of Ezekiel. But while Ezekiel contemplates the great conflict in a more general light as what was certainly to be connected with the times of the Messiah, and should come then to its last decisive issues, John, on the other hand, writing from the commencement of the Messiah's times, describes there the last struggles and victories of the cause of Christ
Pity - In judgment, God withholds pity from God's people (Jeremiah 13:14 ; Jeremiah 20:16 ; Lamentations 2:17 ; Lamentations 3:43 ; Ezekiel 5:11 ). Ezekiel pictured Jerusalem as an unpitied child denied the most basic postnatal care (Ezekiel 16:5 )
Nile - Although the Bible mentions the Nile River mainly in relation to Egypt (Genesis 41:17-19; Ezekiel 29:3), the river passes through many countries, among them Ethiopia (GNB: Sudan) (Isaiah 18:1-2). Prophetic announcements of judgment on Egypt therefore often included graphic pictures of the drying up of the Nile (Ezekiel 29:1-10; Ezekiel 30:12; Zechariah 10:11)
Hook - Ezekiel 19:4, "they brought him with chains," rather hooks such as were fastened in a wild beast's nose. So the last antichrist shall fare, of whom Sennacherib is type (Ezekiel 38:4). Might not the "thorns" be the instrument of chastising him, just as it was that used by Gideon upon the elders of Succoth (Judges 8:7; Judges 8:16)? In Ezekiel 40:43 the "hooks" are "fastened" in the walls to hang the meat from for roasting, or else to hang up animals to flay them
Phut - advancing northwards, Cush (Ethiopia), Mizraim, Phut (a dependency of Egypt), Canaan (Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5; Nahum 3:9; Isaiah 66:9 where "Phut" should be read for "Pul"). But in Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 38:5, Phut is associated with Persia, Lud, and Ethiopia; however this is no proof of geographical connection, it is merely an enumeration of regions from whence mercenaries came
Noph - The ruins of it, though not to any great extent, are still found a few miles above Old Cairo, or Fostat, Isaiah 19:13 Jeremiah 2:16 44:1 Ezekiel 30:13,16 . In this city they fed and worshipped the sacred bull Apis, the embodiment of their false god Osiris; and Ezekiel says, that the lord will destroy the idols of Memphis, Ezekiel 30:13,16
Migdol - Ezekiel 29:10 ; Ezekiel 30:6 , where ‘from Migdol to Syene’ is the true reading, instead of ‘from the tower of Seveneh
Flint - God protected the prophet Ezekiel by making his forehead harder than flint (Ezekiel 3:9 )
Diamond - ” Yahelom is a stone on the high priest's breastplate ( Exodus 28:18 ; NIV, “emerald”; NRSV, “moonstone”) and among the jewels of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 ). The term also appears in Ezekiel 3:9 ; Zechariah 7:12 as the hardest stone known
Scepter - ...
Ezekiel 19:11 (a) These strong rods made into scepters represent the self-made authority of Israel's self-made rulers. (See also Ezekiel 19:14)
Stony - ...
Ezekiel 11:19 (b) By this word is described that heart which will not be impressed by GOD's Word, and does not respond to GOD's love, nor to His call. (See also Ezekiel 36:26)
the Altar of Incense - In the temple described by Ezekiel the altar of incense is 2 cubits in length, and 3 cubits in height. Ezekiel 41:22
a'Riel - On the whole it seems most probable that, as a name given to Jerusalem, Ariel means "lion of God," whilst the word used by Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 43:15,16 ) means "hearth of God
River - For the symbolical river that Ezekiel saw issuing from the house this latter word is used. Ezekiel 47:5-12
Fornication - Ezekiel also used this concept (Ezekiel 16:1 ; Ezekiel 23:1 ) and extended it to include political treaties with foreign enemies (Ezekiel 16:26 , Ezekiel 16:28 ; Ezekiel 23:5 )
Lud - ...
...
One of the Hamitic tribes descended from Mizraim (Genesis 10:13 ), a people of Africa (Ezekiel 27:10 ; 30:5 ), on the west of Egypt
Grain - Common grains in the biblical world included wheat (Genesis 30:14 ), spelt or emmer (REB vetches) (Exodus 9:32 ), barley (Exodus 9:31 ), and millet (Ezekiel 4:9 )
Arvad - They were descendants of Canaan, Genesis 10:18 ; 1 Chronicles 1:16 ; and were noted mariners, Ezekiel 27:8,11
Zedad - One of the points mentioned in defining the northern border of the Promised Land in Numbers 34:8 , and again in Ezekiel’s ideal picture, Ezekiel 47:15
Phut - Phut is placed between Egypt and Canaan in Genesis 10:6 , and elsewhere we find the people of Phut described as mercenaries in the armies of Egypt and Tyre (Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 30:5 ; 27:10 )
Lock - ) Lock of hair ( Judges 16:13,19 ; Ezekiel 8:3 ; Numbers 6:5 , etc
Drink - To drink water by measure (Ezekiel 4:11 ), and to buy water to drink (Lamentations 5:4 ), denote great scarcity
Hazar-Enan - (Compare Ezekiel 47:17 ; 48:1
Topaz - pitdah (Ezekiel 28:13 ; Revelation 21:20 ), a golden yellow or "green" stone brought from Cush or Ethiopia (Job 28:19 )
Raama(h) - Raamah and Sheba were trading partners of Tyre (Ezekiel 27:22 )
Breeches - They were worn by the high priest on the Day of Atonement and by other priests on other ceremonial occasions (Exodus 28:42 ; Exodus 39:28 ; Leviticus 6:10 ; Leviticus 16:4 ; Ezekiel 44:18 )
Booty - Includes anything that might be of value or use to the captor including persons (Numbers 31:53 ; Jeremiah 15:13 ; Ezekiel 25:7 )
Togar'Mah, - (Ezekiel 27:14 ) They were also a military people, well skilled in the use of arms
Plane Tree - 'armon (Genesis 30:37 ; Ezekiel 31:8 ), rendered "chesnut" in the Authorized Version, but correctly "plane tree" in the Revised Version and the LXX
Chest - Genazim , "chests of rich apparel" (Ezekiel 27:24), from ganaz "to hoard
Bamah - In Ezekiel 20:29 a particular place is named Bamah in a wordplay ridiculing high places
Carnelian - It was used to decorate the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13 NRSV) and could be used to describe the one sitting on the heavenly throne ( Revelation 4:3 NIV, NRSV) and formed part of the wall of the New Jerusalem ( Revelation 21:20 NIV, NRSV)
Cassia - One of the ingredients used to make anointing oil ( Exodus 30:24 ), it was acquired through trade with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:19 ) and was desired for its aromatic qualities (Psalm 45:8 )
Pasture - This same truth is found in Psalm 79:13; Psalm 95:7; Psalm 100:3; Ezekiel 34:31; John 10:9
Buildest - Ezekiel 16:31 (a) These evil men definitely planned and constructed places for sinning throughout the city
Chittim - ' It points originally to Cyprus (see KITTIM); but in Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:6 the 'isles of Chittim' are spoken of, so it is evident that in the Prophets other islands are associated with Cyprus
Harlot - The term is used metaphorically for unfaithfulness: "how is the faithful city become an harlot!" Isaiah 1:21 ; Ezekiel 16:31,35
Gammadim - A term of very doubtful meaning, occurring in Ezekiel 27:11 ‘The Gammadim (AV Pekod - In Ezekiel 23:23 simply a prefecture
Helbon - A Syrian city celebrated for its wine, Ezekiel 27:18, and formerly identified with Aleppo, but later with Halbûn, in a wild glen high up in the Anti-Lebanon
Chebar - (See Ezekiel 1:1)...
Calneh - One of the original cities of Nimrod's empire, Genesis 10:10; Amos 6:2, apparently the same with Calno, Isaiah 10:9, and Canneh, Ezekiel 27:23
Bean - פול , occurs 2 Samuel 17:28 , and Ezekiel 4:9
Meshech or Mesech - Meshech traded with Tyre in "the persons of men, and in vessels of brass," Ezekiel 27:13 ; 32:26 ; 38:2
Chilmad - ” A trading partner of Tyre according to Hebrew text of Ezekiel 27:23 , but many Bible students think copyists inadvertently changed the text from “all of media” or a similar reading
Calneh - Called Calno, Isaiah 10:9 and Canneh, Ezekiel 27:23 , one of Nimrod's cities, Genesis 10:10 , and afterwards called Ctesiphon; it lay on the east bank of the Tigris opposite Seleucia, twenty miles below Bagdad
Cane - The true odoriferous calamus or grass came from India; and the prophets speak of it as a foreign commodity of great value, Isaiah 43:24 Jeremiah 6:20 Ezekiel 27:19
Bamah - BAMAH (only Ezekiel 20:29 ) is the ordinary word for ‘high place,’ but is here retained in its Hebrew form as the word ‘manna’ in the parallel case Exodus 16:15 , on account of the word-play: ‘What ( mah ) is the ba-mah to which ye go ( bâ )?’ See, further, High Place
On - Ezekiel or the scribes copying his work substituted Aven, Hebrew for “trouble, deceit,” for On in pronouncing judgment on it (Ezekiel 30:17 )
Tarshish - It was rich in silver, iron, tin and lead (Jeremiah 10:9; Ezekiel 27:12). Tarshish was a wealthy trading nation of the ancient world (Psalms 72:10; Ezekiel 27:25) and built large ships to carry goods far and wide to many countries (Jonah 1:3; Jonah 4:2)
Kedar - They may best be described as nomadic, living in tents (Psalm 120:5 ; Song of Song of Solomon 1:5 ) and raising sheep and goats (Isaiah 60:7 ; Jeremiah 49:28-29 ,Jeremiah 49:28-29,49:32 ), as well as camels, which they sold as far away as Tyre (Ezekiel 27:21 ). ...
The Kedarites were led by princes (Ezekiel 27:21 ) and were famous for their warriors, particularly their archers (Isaiah 21:17 )
Rust - Rust on a copper cooking pot symbolized Jerusalem's persistent wickedness in Ezekiel 24:6 ,Ezekiel 24:6,24:12-13
Pathros - Isaiah (Isaiah 11:11) foretells Israel's return from Pathros (Jeremiah 44:1; Jeremiah 44:15; Ezekiel 29:14. ) "Pathros the land of their birth" (margin Ezekiel 30:13-18)
Window - There was a window in the ark Noah built, and windows in the temple; and many are to be made in the temple described by Ezekiel. Genesis 6:16 ; Genesis 8:6 ; 1 Kings 7:4,5 ; Ezekiel 40:16-36
ke'Dar - The "glory of Kedar" is recorded by the prophet Isaiah, (Isaiah 21:13-17 ) in the burden upon Arabia; and its importance may also be inferred from the "princes of Kedar" mentioned by Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 27:21 ) as well as the pastoral character of the tribe
Jirjatha'im - (Joshua 12:19 ) It existed in the time of Jeremiah, (Jeremiah 48:1,23 ) and Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 25:9 ) In the three passages named the Authorized Version gives the name KIRIATHAIM
Hook, Hooks - (Job 41:2 ; Isaiah 19:8 ); Habb 1:15 ...
A ring, such as in our country is placed through the nose of a bull, and similarly used in the East for leading about lions -- (Ezekiel 19:4 ) where the Authorized Version has "with chains --camels and other animals. (Ezekiel 40:43 )
Remphan - Israel secretly carried on idolatry in the wilderness, with a small shrine escaping Moses' observation (Ezekiel 20:7-8; Ezekiel 20:39; Ezekiel 23:3; Joshua 24:14)
Sabean - Descendants of Seba, son of Cush (Genesis 10:7 ) expected to bring gifts signifying loyalty to Jerusalem (Psalm 72:10 ; Isaiah 45:14 ; compare Ezekiel 23:42 ). They were known as “travelling merchants” (Job 6:19 REB; compare Psalm 72:10 ,Psalms 72:10,72:15 ; Isaiah 60:6 ; Jeremiah 6:20 ; Ezekiel 27:22 ; Ezekiel 38:13 ; Joel 3:8 )
Wheel - It was used on wagons, carts, and chariots, and the word wheel could be a synonym for any of these vehicles ( Ezekiel 23:24 ; Ezekiel 26:10 ; Nahum 3:2 ). ...
Ezekiel's vision of the great wheel in the sky (1 Kings 1:4-28 ; 1 Kings 10:1 ) was a symbol of God's presence. Ezekiel described the rims of the wheel as “high and awesome,” and “full of eyes” ( 1 Kings 1:18 NIV)
Migdol - Ezekiel prophesied that the land of Egypt would be laid waste, “from Migdol to Aswan” (Ezekiel 29:10 ; Ezekiel 30:6 NIV), that is from the northern extremity of the land, Migdol, to the southern extremity of the land, Aswan. For this reason we may assume with some certainty that there were at least two sites named Migdol: the Migdol referred to by Jeremiah and Ezekiel located near Pelusium, and the Migdol on the route of the Exodus located near Succoth
Jewel - ...
Ezekiel 16:12 (a) In this way is described the graces and beautiful characteristics which GOD gave to Israel in her balmy days of prosperity. Ezekiel 16:17 and Ezekiel 16:39; Ezekiel 23:26)
Zedekiah - Compare Jeremiah 29:16-19 34:1-22 38:5 Ezekiel 17:12,14,18 . Zedekiah was taken and carried to Nebuchadnezzar, then at Riblah, in Syria, who reproached him with his perfidy, caused his children to be slain before his face and his own eyes to be put out; and then loading him with chains of brass, he ordered him to be sent to Babylon, 2 Kings 25:1-30 Jeremiah 39:1-18 52:1-34 Ezekiel 19:1-14 . All these events remarkably fulfilled the predictions of Jeremiah and Ezekiel, in the chapters preciously referred to. Compare also, with respect to Zedekiah's blindness, Jeremiah 34:3 Ezekiel 12:13
Judgments of God - ...
The infliction of punishment on the wicked (Exodus 6:6 ; 12:12 ; Ezekiel 25:11 ; Revelation 16:7 ), such as is mentioned in Genesis 7 ; 19:24,25 ; Judges 1:6,7 ; Acts 5:1-10 , etc
Paint - Jezebel "painted her face" (2 Kings 9:30 ); and the practice of painting the face and the eyes seems to have been common (Jeremiah 4:30 ; Ezekiel 23:40 )
Calamus - An ingredient in the holy anointing oil (Song of Solomon 4:14; Ezekiel 27:19), an import to Tyre
Riddle - The parabolic prophecy in Ezekiel 17:2-18 is there called a "riddle
Zeal - It is sometimes ascribed to God (2 Kings 19:31 ; Isaiah 9:7 ; 37:32 ; Ezekiel 5:13 )
Suburbs - The immediate vicinity of a city or town (Numbers 35:3,7 ; Ezekiel 45:2 )
Debt - Usury was strongly condemned (Proverbs 28:8 ; Ezekiel 18:8,13,17 ; 22:12 ; Psalm 15:5 )
Rab-Mag - If associated with the root for magi, the Rab-mag was likely the officer in charge of divination (compare Ezekiel 21:21 )
Chilmad - CHILMAD occurs in Ezekiel 27:23 at the close of the list of nations that traded with Tyre
Breeches - Rather short drawers of white linen ordered to be worn by the priests on grounds of modesty ( Exodus 28:42 , Leviticus 16:4 , Ezekiel 44:18 , Sir 45:8 )
Cub - CUB in Ezekiel 30:5 is almost certainly a corruption of Lub ( i
en-Eglaim - A locality on the Dead Sea, mentioned along with En-gedi ( Ezekiel 47:10 )
Risled - They probably represent the same four judgments that are mentioned in Ezekiel 14:21
Fitch - In Ezekiel iv
Adulterer - Ezekiel 23
Bracelet - ...
Ezekiel 16:11 (b) This is descriptive of the beautiful adornment that is given to one who trusts the Saviour and who becomes wonderfully useful in the service of the King
Potsherd - It is employed literally in Job 2:8 ; Proverbs 26:23 , and translated 'sherd' in Isaiah 30:14 ; Ezekiel 23:34
Jehovah-Shammah - The name to be given to the restored and glorified Jerusalem ( Ezekiel 48:35 ; cf
Wheels - These are used symbolically in Ezekiel in connection with the living creatures of God's providential administration on earth
Box Tree - תאשור , Isaiah 41:9 ; Isaiah 60:13 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ; 2 Esdras 14:24 , where the word appears to be used for tablets
Fitches - The "fitches" of Ezekiel 4:9 was spelt
Pannag - Hebrew term perhaps meaning, “pashytry,” which the KJV took as a place name (Ezekiel 27:17 )
Nose-Jewel, - (Genesis 24:22 ; Exodus 35:22 ) "earing;" (Isaiah 3:21 ; Ezekiel 16:12 ) "jewel on the forehead," a ring of metal, sometimes of gold or silver, passed usually through the right nostril, and worn by way of ornament by women in the East
Gam'Madim - This word occurs only in (Ezekiel 27:11 ) A variety of explanations of the term have been offered
Sheol - Sheol was thought to be deep within the earth (Psalm 88:6 ; Ezekiel 26:20 ; Ezekiel 31:14-15 ; Amos 9:2 ) and was entered by crossing a river (Job 33:18 ). Sheol is pictured as a city with gates (Isaiah 38:10 ), a place of ruins (Ezekiel 26:20 ), or a trap (Ezekiel 32:18-307 ; Psalm 18:5 ). It was, in fact, regarded as a consolation that none escaped death (Psalm 49:10-12 ; Ezekiel 31:16 ). Thus kings have thrones (Isaiah 14:9 ); and warriors possess weapons and shields (Ezekiel 32:27 )
Armour - 1 Samuel 17:38 ; Ezekiel 23:24 : the word is qoba. Another word, koba, meaning the same, is found in 1 Samuel 17:5 ; 2 Chronicles 26:14 ; Isaiah 59:17 ; Jeremiah 46:4 ; Ezekiel 27:10 ; Ezekiel 38:5 . Psalm 35:2 ; Ezekiel 23:24 ; Ezekiel 26:8 , etc. Ezekiel 27:11
Parable - But this species of composition occurs very frequently in the prophetic poetry, and particularly in that of Ezekiel. Examples of this kind occur in the parable of the deceitful vineyard, Isaiah 5:1-7 , and of the useless vine, Ezekiel 15; Ezekiel 19:10-14 ; for under this imagery the ungrateful people of God are more than once described; Ezekiel 19:1-9 ; Ezekiel 31; Ezekiel 16; Ezekiel 23. There is, however, a species of parable, the intent of which is only to illustrate the subject; such is that remarkable one of the cedar of Lebanon, Ezekiel 31; than which, if we consider the imagery itself, none was ever more apt or more beautiful; or the description and colouring, none was ever more elegant or splendid; in which, however, the poet has occasionally allowed himself to blend the figurative with the literal description, Ezekiel 31:11 ; Ezekiel 31:14-17 ; whether he has done this because the peculiar nature of this kind of parable required it, or whether his own fervid imagination alone, which disdained the stricter rules of composition, was his guide, our learned author can scarcely presume to determine
Crystal - “Crystal” is the modern translation of several Hebrew and Greek words used to describe something valuable (Job 28:18 ), a clear sky (Ezekiel 1:22 ), a calm sea or river (Revelation 4:6 ; Revelation 22:1 ), or the radiance of the new Jerusalem (Revelation 21:11 )
Rie - ]'>[1] as rendering of kussemeth , which in Ezekiel 4:9 is rendered ‘fitches
Tubal-Cain - The name seems to be made up of Tubal (or the Tibareni, noted for production of bronze articles ( Ezekiel 27:13 )) and Cain (‘smith’), as the ancestor of the Kenites or ‘Smiths
Crystal - (Ezekiel 1:22 , with the epithet "terrible," as dazzling the spectators with its brightness)
East Wind - It was the cause and also the emblem of evil (Ezekiel 17:10 ; 19:12 ; Hosea 13:15 )
Beth-Jeshimoth - Originally belonging to Sihon's kingdom; assigned to Reuben (Joshua 12:3; Joshua 13:20); afterward it became "the glory" of Moab (Ezekiel 25:9)
Carbuncle - A smaragd (Septuagint) or corundum, of green glass color, transparent, and doubly refractive; the emerald (Exodus 28:17); third stone in the first row m the high priest's breast-plate (Ezekiel 28:13)
Fuel - Almost every kind of combustible matter was used for fuel, such as the withered stalks of herbs (Matthew 6:30 ), thorns (Psalm 58:9 ; Ecclesiastes 7:6 ), animal excrements (Ezekiel 4:12-15 ; 15:4,6 ; 21:32 )
Sabeans - This word, in Ezekiel 23:42 , should be read, as in the margin of the Authorized Version, and in the Revised Version, "drunkards
Fugitive - nophel); Ezekiel 17:21 , one who has broken away in flight (Heb
Roll - Volume means so (Jeremiah 36:2; Psalms 40:7; compare Deuteronomy 31:26; Ezekiel 2:9-10, where the writing "within and without" was contrary to the usage of writing only on one side, implying the fullness of the prophecy of woe
Zemarites - NRSV, emended the text of Ezekiel 27:8 to read “men of Zemer” (KJV, “thy wise men, O Tyrus”)
Wagon - Sometimes, wagons were used as instruments of war (Ezekiel 23:24 )
Box-Tree - BOX-TREE ( teashshûr , Isaiah 41:19 ; Isaiah 60:13 , Ezekiel 27:6 )
Rabba bar nahmeini - Student of Rav Huna and Rav Judah ben Ezekiel
Navel - ...
Ezekiel 16:4 (b) In this place it is a type of that which holds one to the world, and to things which attract the soul, and keep one from living entirely for GOD
Agate - Agate translates three words in the Bible: a stone in the breastpiece of judgment (Exodus 28:19 ; Exodus 39:12 ), the material in the pinnacles of Jerusalem (Isaiah 54:12 ; see Ezekiel 27:16 ), and the third jewel in the foundation wall of the new Jerusalem (Revelation 21:19 )
Sweat - Ezekiel 44:18 (c) Anything that comes out of the body is a defiling thing, unless it is actuated by the Spirit of GOD
Ornament - ) Song of Solomon 1:10-11; "thy cheeks are comely with rows" (of pearls), torim , alluding to torah the law (Ezekiel 16:11)
Foxes - (Ezekiel 13:4) And the church in the Canticles is forewarned against them
Kirjathaim - Called KIRIATHAIM in Jeremiah 48:1,23 ; Ezekiel 25:9 where it is associated with Moab, and devoted to judgement
Adamant, - the translation of the Hebrew word Shamir in ( Ezekiel 3:9 ) and Zechariah 7:12 In ( Jeremiah 17:1 ) it is translated "diamond
Adamant - This word is found twice in our version, Ezekiel 3:9; Zechariah 7:12, in both eases used metaphorically to signify firmness of character and purpose
Sabeans - The translation "Sabeans" in Ezekiel 23:42 is incorrect: read "drunkards," as in the margin and In the R
Hauran - Ezekiel 47:16 , was originally a small district south of Damascus, and east of the sea of Tiberias, but was afterwards extended to the south and east, and under the Romans was called Auranitis
pi-Beseth - The ruins of Pi-beseth, on the eastern arm of the Nile near the ancient canal to Suez, consist of extensive mounds of bricks and broken pottery, Ezekiel 30:17
Parting - Ezekiel 21 ...
1
Phut or Put - A son of Ham, Genesis 10:6 , whose posterity are named with Cush and Ludim as serving in Egyptian armies, and as part of the host of Gog, Jeremiah 46:9 Ezekiel 27:10 30:5 38:5 Nahum 3:9
Warning - Ezekiel 3
Ebony, - (Ezekiel 27:15 ) one of the valuable commodities imported into Tyre by the men of Dedan; a hard, heavy and durable wood, which admits of a fine polish or gloss
Hel'Bon - (fertile ), a place mentioned only in ( Ezekiel 27:18 ) Geographers have hitherto represented Helbon as identical with the city of Aleppo, called Haleb by the Arabs; but there are strong reasons against this, and the ancient city must be identified with a village within a few miles of Damascus still bearing the ancient name Helbon, and still celebrated as producing the finest grapes in the country
Roll - " (Ezekiel 2:10 ) The writing was arranged in columns
India - The people and the products of India were well known to the Jews, who seem to have carried on an active trade with that country (Ezekiel 27:15,24 )
Fasting - Leviticus 16:29-31 ; Ezekiel 40:1-49 ; Leviticus 23:32 , Ezekiel 45:1-25 ; Numbers 30:13 ; the two terms are combined in Psalms 35:13 , Numbers 29:708 ; Isaiah 58:5 ). Zechariah does not allude to it, and Leviticus 23:27 ; Ezekiel 41:1-26 ; Ezekiel 42:1-20 ; Ezekiel 43:1-27 ; Ezekiel 44:1-31 ; 1618529196_3 ; Ezekiel 46:1-24 ; Ezekiel 47:1-23 ; Ezekiel 48:1-35 prescribes a more simple ceremonial for such an occasion, whence it may be inferred that the elaborate ritual of Leviticus 16:1-34 was not yet customary
Kedar - Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 27:21 ) couples them with ‘Arab. 223), mentions the Kedarites in connexion with the Aribi (the ‘Arab’ of Ezekiel) and the Nebaioth, and speaks of the booty, in asses, camels, and sheep, which he took
Job - (Ἰώβ)...
Job is named by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 14:20)-in the 6th cent
Nations - Ezekiel 7:21 ) ‘nations’ and ‘wicked people’ are, as being identical, put in parallelism. , Ahaz and Assyria against Israel and Syria), and by the needs of commerce (see Ezekiel 27:11 [7], 1 Kings 9:28 ; 1 Kings 10:11 ; 1 Kings 22:28 etc. It was in Babylon that Ezekiel drew up the programme of worship and organization for the nation after the Return, laying stress on the doctrine that Israel was to be a holy people, separated from other nations (see Ezekiel 40:1-49 ; Ezekiel 41:1-26 ; Ezekiel 42:1-20 ; Ezekiel 43:1-27 ; Ezekiel 44:1-31 ; Ezekiel 45:1-25 ; Ezekiel 46:1-24 ; Ezekiel 47:1-23 ; Ezekiel 48:1-35 )
Cush - Isaiah acted out judgment against Cush, probably as the rulers of Egypt (Isaiah 20:3-5 ; compare Isaiah 43:3 ; Isaiah 45:14 ; Psalm 68:31 ; Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 30:4-5 ,Ezekiel 30:4-5,30:9 ). In Ezekiel's day Cush represented the southern limit of Egyptian territory (Ezekiel 29:10 ). Ezekiel listed Cush as one of the allies of Gog and Magog in the great climatic battle (Ezekiel 38:5 )
Gebal - Seaport known to Greeks as Byblos whose help for Tyre Ezekiel described (Ezekiel 27:9 )
Purification - The case of the high priest and of the Nazarite (Leviticus 21:1-4,10,11 ; Numbers 6:6,7 ; Ezekiel 44:25 ). Allusions to this rite are found in Psalm 26:6 ; 51:7 ; Ezekiel 36:25 ; Hebrews 10:22
Tin - (Isaiah 1:25 ; Ezekiel 22:18,20 ) The markets of Tyre were supplied with it by the ships of Tarshish. (Ezekiel 27:12 ) It was used for plummets, (Zechariah 4:10 ) and was so plentiful as to furnish the writer of Ecclesiasticus, Sirach 47:18 , with a figure by which to express the wealth of Solomon
Olives, Mount of - Ezekiel saw the cherubim chariot land there (Ezekiel 11:23 )
Sanctuary - (See also Ezekiel 11:16). ...
Ezekiel 47:12 (a) This is a type of the Lord JESUS from whom the Holy Spirit comes to work on and in the people of GOD
Tadmor - The towns also mentioned in this passage are connected with the south of the land, so that it is doubtless a different place, and may be the same as Tamar in Ezekiel 47:19 ; Ezekiel 48:28
Silk - Μeshi , the other Hebrew term for silk, occurs in Ezekiel 16:10; Ezekiel 16:13, from maashah "to draw," fine drawn silk (Pliny 6:20; 11:26, describes the manner)
Branch - Ezekiel, in allusion to the Lord Jesus, speaks of him under the similitude of the plants, like Nazareth, but describes him "as a plant of renown. " (Ezekiel 34:24-29)...
Armenia - Togarmah, Ezekiel 27:14; Ezekiel 38:6, was apparently the name by which the most, or perhaps the whole, of the land was known to the Hebrews
Battering-Ram, - (Ezekiel 4:2 ; 21:22 ) a large beam with a head of iron which was sometimes made to resemble the head of a ram. (Ezekiel 4:2 ) "cast a mount against it," by which the besiegers could bring their battering-rams and other engines to the foot of the walls
River - 'aphik, properly the channel or ravine that holds water (2 Samuel 22:16 ), translated "brook," "river," "stream," but not necessarily a perennial stream (Ezekiel 6:3 ; 31:12 ; 32:6 ; 34:13 ). nahal, in winter a "torrent," in summer a "wady" or valley (Genesis 32:23 ; Deuteronomy 2:24 ; 3:16 ; Isaiah 30:28 ; Lamentations 2:18 ; Ezekiel 47:9 ). ) ...
...
...
Nahar, a "river" continuous and full, a perennial stream, as the Jordan, the Euphrates (Genesis 2:10 ; 15:18 ; Deuteronomy 1:7 ; Psalm 66:6 ; Ezekiel 10:15 ). ...
...
Tel'alah, a conduit, or water-course (1 Kings 18:32 ; 2 Kings 18:17 ; 20:20 ; Job 38:25 ; Ezekiel 31:4 )
Scriptures - Meetings for worship and hearing the word of the Lord are noticed in Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 14:1; Ezekiel 14:4; Ezekiel 33:31; and even earlier, Isaiah 1:12-15
Daniel - In the prophecies of Ezekiel mention is made of Daniel as a pattern of righteousness, Ezekiel 14:14; Ezekiel 14:20, and wisdom, Ezekiel 28:3
Threshold - miphtan, probably a projecting beam at a higher point than the threshold proper (1 Samuel 5:4,5 ; Ezekiel 9:3 ; 10:4,18 ; 46:2 ; 47:1 ); also rendered "door" and "door-post
Helam - ” The earliest Greek translation of Ezekiel 47:16 apparently locates it between Damascus and Hamath in Syria
Coral - Coral was among the goods of trade between Israel and Edom (Ezekiel 27:16 )
Chebar - A canal in Babylonia ( Ezekiel 1:1 ff
Lamentation - Prophecy sometimes took the form of a lament when it predicted calamity (Ezekiel 27:2,32 ; 28:12 ; 32:2,16 )
Helbon - , "fertile", (Ezekiel 27 :: 18 only), a place whence wine was brought to the great market of Tyre
Teman - It was noted for the wisdom of its inhabitants (Amos 1:12 ; Obadiah 1:8 ; Jeremiah 49:7 ; Ezekiel 25:13 )
Embroider - The Assyrians were also noted for their embroidered robes (Ezekiel 27:24 )
Lowring - , Ezekiel 27:35 ; 28:19 ; 32:10
Ishtar - The goddess is perhaps the “Queen of heaven” of Jeremiah 7:18 ; Jeremiah 44:17-19 ,Jeremiah 44:17-19,44:25 ; Ezekiel 8:14
Dedan - His descendants are mentioned in Isaiah 21:13 , and Ezekiel 27:15
Towers - Of Babel (Genesis 11:4 ), Edar (Genesis 35:21 ), Penuel (Judges 8:9,17 ), Shechem (9:46), David (Song of Solomon 4:4 ), Lebanon (7:4), Syene (Ezekiel 29:10 ), Hananeel (Zechariah 14:10 ), Siloam (Luke 13:4 )
Shoa - " This name was sometimes shortened into Suti and Su, and has been regarded as = Shoa (Ezekiel 23:23 )
Paradise - The word was used of the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:8-10; Ezekiel 28:13)
Haunt - ’ So 1 Samuel 30:31 , Ezekiel 26:17 , and the subst
Cherethim - (Ezekiel 25:16 ), more frequently Cherethites, the inhabitants of Southern Philistia, the Philistines (Zephaniah 2:5 )
Eyes, Painting of - " Oriental women puncture and paint the eyelids with antimony or kohl (a black powder made of the smoke black by burning frankincense) to make them look full and sparkling, the blackened margin contrasting with the white of the eye (Ezekiel 23:40)
Wolf - Fierce (Genesis 49:27; Ezekiel 22:27; Habakkuk 1:8; Matthew 7:15); prowling in the night (Jeremiah 5:6; Zephaniah 3:3); devouring lambs and sheep (John 10:12); typifying persecutors and heretical leaders (Matthew 10:16; Matthew 7:15; Acts 20:29); hereafter about to associate peacefully with the lamb under Messiah's reign (Isaiah 11:6; Isaiah 65:25)
Scorpion - In the wilderness God protected Israel from scorpions (Deuteronomy 8:15 ) and could protect His prophet from them (Ezekiel 2:6 )
Leather - Leather shoes are one of the gifts that symbolize God's lavish care for His beloved bride Jerusalem (Ezekiel 16:10 )
Watchman - Their responsibility was to sound a warning if an enemy approached (2 Kings 9:17 ; Ezekiel 33:2-3 )
Bethmeon - Ezekiel 25:9 speaks of it as a city that was 'the glory of the country
Dross - (See also Ezekiel 22:18)
Eminent - Ezekiel 16 2
Coal - Coals provided heat for refining metal (Ezekiel 24:11 )
Carbuncle - The word is put to represent two different Hebrew words, one of which, Exodus 28:17 ; Ezekiel 28:13 , is commonly thought to mean the emerald; and the other, Isaiah 54:12 , may mean a brilliant species of ruby
Tammuz - A Syrian idol, mentioned in Ezekiel 8:14 , where the women are represented as weeping for it
Min'Nith - ( Judges 11:33 ) The "wheat of Minnith" is mentioned in (Ezekiel 27:17 ) as being supplied by Judah and Israel to Tyre; but there is nothing to indicate that the same place is intended, and indeed the word is believed by some not to be a proper name
Bashan - From this time Bashan almost disappears from history, although we read of the wild cattle of its rich pastures (Ezekiel 39:18 ; Psalm 22:12 ), the oaks of its forests (Isaiah 2:13 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ; Zechariah 11:2 ), and the beauty of its extensive plains (Amos 4:1 ; Jeremiah 50:19 ). After the Exile, Bashan was divided into four districts,
Gaulonitis, or Jaulan, the most western; ...
Auranitis, the Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16 ); ...
Argob or Trachonitis, now the Lejah; and ...
Batanaea, now Ard-el-Bathanyeh, on the east of the Lejah, with many deserted towns almost as perfect as when they were inhabited
Magog - The name of a people, enumerated in Genesis 10:2 among the ‘sons’ of Japheth, between Gomer (the Cimmerians) and Madai (the Medes), and mentioned in Ezekiel 38:2 (cf. Ezekiel 39:6 ) as under the rule of Gog , prince of ‘Rosh, Meshech , and Tubal ,’ who is to lead in the future a great expedition against the restored Israel, from ‘the uttermost parts of the north,’ and who has among his allies Gomer and Togarmah , the nations whose names are italicized being also mentioned in Genesis 10:2-3 as closely connected with ‘Magog. 104 6), which seems to have supplied Ezekiel with the model for his imagined attack of nations from the N
Hallowed - Isaiah (Isaiah 8:13; Isaiah 29:23) and Ezekiel (passim, e. Ezekiel 20:41; Ezekiel 36:23) employ the word (rendered ‘sanctify’ Authorized Version and Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885) of the Lord and His name, in exactly the same sense as the Lord’s Prayer, of causing to be revered, whether by judgment or by deliverance
Heat - ’ καύσων in LXX Septuagint has both meanings: (1) scorching heat (Genesis 31:40, Isaiah 49:10, Sirach 18:16; Sirach 43:22); (2) the east wind (קָדִים), hot, dry, dust-laden, withering up all vegetation, and blowing from the desert, like the simoom (Job 27:21, Jeremiah 18:17, Ezekiel 17:10; Ezekiel 19:12, Jonah 4:8, Hosea 13:15), usually ἄνεμος or πνεῦμα καύσων. Possibly, however, the distinction was not so clearly marked between these two winds, since in Ezekiel 27:26 קָדִים (east wind) is translated in LXX Septuagint by τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ νότου
Gog - The ‘prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal,’ from the land of Magog ( Ezekiel 38:2 , and often in chs. ’...
Upon the basis of Ezekiel 38:1-23 ; Ezekiel 39:1-29 , ‘Gog’ and ‘Magog’ appear often in the later Jewish eschatology as leading the final, but abortive, assault of the powers of the world upon the Kingdom of God
Gog - Some have thought, that these names are general names for the enemies of the church, because they are spoken of both in Ezekiel's prophecy, and the book of the Revelation by St. (Ezekiel 38:1-23 and Revelation 20:1-15) It will well reward the reader to turn to the prophecy of Ezekiel, at the thirty-eighth chapter (Ezekiel 38:1-23, in confirmation of this latter opinion
Rabbath - Towards the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, Tiglathpileser having taken away a great part of the Israelites, the Ammonites were guilty of many cruelties against those who remained; for which the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel pronounced very severe prophecies against Rabbath, their captial, and against the rest of the country; which probably had their completion five years after the destruction of Jerusalem, Jeremiah 49:1-3 Ezekiel 21:20 . He and numerous other travellers found it desolate, as had been foretold; it was literally "a stable for camels," "a couching-place for flocks," Ezekiel 25:5
Divination - Numerous forms of divination are mentioned, such as divination by rods, ( Hosea 4:12 ) divination by arrows, (Ezekiel 21:21 ) divination by cups, (Genesis 44:5 ) consultation of teraphim, (1 Samuel 15:23 ; Ezekiel 21:21 ; Zechariah 10:2 ) [1]; divination by the liver, (Ezekiel 21:21 ) divination by dreams, (13:2,3; Judges 7:13 ; Jeremiah 23:32 ) consultation of oracles
Eden, Garden of - ...
Eden, or the garden of Eden, became the symbol of a very fertile land (Genesis 13:10 , Isaiah 51:3 , Ezekiel 31:9 ; Ezekiel 31:16 ; Ezekiel 31:18 , Joel 2:3 ). The dirge over the king of Tyre ( Ezekiel 28:13 ff. , but has a stronger mythological colouring: the ‘garden of God’ ( Ezekiel 28:13 ) is apparently identified with the well-known mythical mountain of the gods ( Ezekiel 28:14 ); the cherub and the king of Tyre are assimilated to each other; the stones of fire may be compared with the flame of a sword ( Genesis 3:24 : see also Enoch 24
Ravin - ‘ravening’ ( Psalms 22:13 , Matthew 7:15 ) as well as the form ‘ravenous’ ( Isaiah 35:9 ; Isaiah 46:11 , Ezekiel 39:4 )
Tires - p'er, a "turban" or an ornament for the head (Ezekiel 24:17 ; RSV, "headtire;" 24:23)
Millet - dohan; only in Ezekiel 4:9 ), a small grain, the produce of the Panicum miliaceum of botanists
Fold - It was prophesied of the cities of Ammon (Ezekiel 25:5 ), Aroer (Isaiah 17:2 ), and Judaea, that they would be folds or couching-places for flocks
Cor - It was equal to one homer, and contained ten ephahs in dry and ten baths in liquid measure (Ezekiel 45:14 )
Kiriathaim - Moab lost and recovered Kiriathaim when the trans-jordanic tribes were carried captive (Jeremiah 48:1-23; Ezekiel 25:9)
Fornication - It frequently means a forsaking of God or a following after idols ( Isaiah 1:2 ; Jeremiah 2:20 ; Ezekiel 16 ; Hosea 1:2 ; 2:1-5 ; Jeremiah 3:8,9 )
Kerchief - Mentioned only Ezekiel 13:18,21 , as an article of apparel or ornament applied to the head of the idolatrous women of Israel
Aven - "On" in Ezekiel 30:17
Aholah - She has her own tent, a name used by (Ezekiel 23:4,5,36,44 ) as a symbol of the idolatry of the kingdom of Israel
Diadem - The tiara of a king (Ezekiel 21:26 ; Isaiah 28:5 ; 62:3 ); the turban (Job 29:14 )
Crystal - In Ezekiel 1:22, "the likeness of the firmament was as the terrible (rather Splendid, dazzling) crystal" (Revelation 4:6; Revelation 21:11)
Gamad - (gay' mad) (NRSV, TEV) or GAMMAD (NIV, REB) Place name of uncertain meaning in Ezekiel 27:11
Terebinth - The tree had religious connections as a place under which pagan gods were worshiped (Hosea 4:13 ; Ezekiel 6:13 ) which were at times taken up in Israel's religion (Genesis 35:4 ; Joshua 24:26 ; Judges 6:11 ; 1 Kings 13:14 )
Nose Jewel - ) A ring of gold or silver from one to three inches diameter, with beads or jewels strung on it, passed through the right nostril (Ezekiel 16:12)
Beans - The beans mentioned in the Bible (2 Samuel 17:28 ; Ezekiel 4:9 ) were the horse or broad bean
Silk - Some feel that the Hebrew word translated “silk” should rather be “fine linen” or “expensive material” (see Ezekiel 16:10 ; Proverbs 31:22 ), the Hebrew indicating something glistening white
Pibeseth - Place whose young men were to fall by the sword and others be carried into captivity, mentioned in the judgement of God upon Egypt, Ezekiel 30:17
Sardine (Stone) - Ezekiel 28:13 (b) Probably the Lord is telling us that all the beauty of Heaven's adornments as represented by the different colors of stones was given to this great arch-angel who later fell and became Satan
Sour - (See also Ezekiel 18:2)
Isle - The radical sense of the Hebrew word seems to be "habitable places," as opposed to water, and in this sense it occurs in (Isaiah 42:15 ) Hence it means secondarily any maritime district, whether belonging to a continent or to an island; thus it is used of the shore of the Mediterranean, (Isaiah 20:6 ; 23:2,6 ) and of the coasts of Elishah, (Ezekiel 27:7 ) i
Carbuncle - One of the gems in the high priest's breast-plate, Exodus 28:17; Exodus 39:10; it is also mentioned in Ezekiel 28:13
Kirjathaim - It was an ancient city of the Emim, east of the Jordan; afterwards inhabited by the Moabites, Amorites, and Israelites in turn, Genesis 14:5 Deuteronomy 2:9-11 Ezekiel 25:9
Picture - (Ezekiel 23:14 ) Layard, Nin
Apocalyptic Literature - ...
The Old Testament books of Ezekiel, Daniel and Zechariah (also Isaiah Chapters 24-27) show some of the apocalyptic features that began to develop in the later prophetical writings. Ezekiel 39:1-6; Ezekiel 39:21; Ezekiel 39:25; Daniel 12:6-13; Mark 13:24-27; Mark 13:32). The visions had symbolic meaning and were often interpreted by angels (Ezekiel 40:2-4; Daniel 8:15-19; Zechariah 1:1-68; Zechariah 1:19; Zechariah 5:5-6; Revelation 21:9; Revelation 21:15). And those words made spiritual demands upon people (Ezekiel 11:1-12; Ezekiel 33:30-33; 1618529196_2; Zechariah 3:1; Revelation 1:3; Revelation 2:1-7; Revelation 22:1-4; Revelation 22:7; Revelation 22:18)
Ezekiel - " ...
...
One of the great prophets, the son of Buzi the priest (Ezekiel 1:3 ). He had a house in the place of his exile, where he lost his wife, in the ninth year of his exile, by some sudden and unforeseen stroke (Ezekiel 8:1 ; 24:18 )
Corn - Wheat, barley, spelt (as the Hebrew for "rye," Exodus 9:32, ought to be translated, for it was the common food of the Egyptians, called doora , as the monuments testify; also in Ezekiel 4:9 for "fitches" translated "spelt". ...
From Solomon's time the Holy Land exported grain to Tyre (Ezekiel 27:17)
Noah - Elsewhere in the Bible, besides the references to the Flood, Noah is mentioned in 1 Chronicles 1:4 , Ezekiel 14:14 ; Ezekiel 14:20 , Luke 3:36
Lud - They were known for skill with the bow (Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 30:5 which place them under Egyptian influence and may refer to 1. Lydian soldiers apparently served in Tyre's army ( Ezekiel 27:10 )
Mixed Multitude - ’ In Jeremiah 25:20 ; Jeremiah 50:37 , Ezekiel 30:5 , the same Hebrew word is translated by the expression ‘mingled people,’ where it has been supposed by some to refer to foreign mercenaries. In Ezekiel 30:5 at least ‘Arabians’ gives a better meaning
Sea - THE MEDITERRANEAN,under the names of 'the great sea,' Numbers 34:6,7 ; Ezekiel 48:28 ; 'the uttermost sea,' or 'the hinder sea,' Deuteronomy 11:24 ; Zechariah 14:8 ; 'the sea of Joppa,' Ezra 3:7 ; 'sea of the Philistines,' Exodus 23:31 . THE SALT SEA,Numbers 34:3,12 ; also called 'the east sea,' Ezekiel 47 :18; Joel 2:20 ; 'the former sea,' Zechariah 14:8 ; 'the sea of the plain,' Deuteronomy 3:17 ; Joshua 3:16 ; Joshua 12:3 ; 2 Kings 14:25
Defile - Ezekiel 28 . Ezekiel 20
Pibeseth - Ezekiel 30:17. Ezekiel couples it with Aven (On or Heliopolis) as on the route of an invader from the N
Hauran - The tract of country of this name is mentioned only twice in Scripture, Ezekiel 47:16 ; Ezekiel 47:18
Millet - דחן , Ezekiel 4:9 , a kind of plant so called from its thrusting forth such a quantity of grains. " This illustrates the appointment of it to the Prophet Ezekiel as a part of his hard fare
Isle, Island - Thus it means coast, when used of Ashdod, Isaiah 20:6 ; of Tyre, Isaiah 23:2,6 ; of Peloponnesus, or Greece, Ezekiel 27:7 ; "the isles of Elishah. In Ezekiel 27:15 , the East Indian Archipelago would seem to be intended
Head-Dress - (Exodus 28:40 ) The tsaniph (something like a turban) is noticed as being worn by nobles, ( Job 29:14 ) ladies, (Isaiah 3:23 ) and kings, (Isaiah 62:3 ) while the peer was an article of holiday dress, ( Isaiah 61:3 ) Authorized Version "beauty;" (Ezekiel 24:17,23 ) and was worn at weddings. The Assyrian head-dress is described in ( Ezekiel 23:15 ) under the terms "exceeding in dyed attire
Jehoiachin - One of the captives was Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:1-2)
Exile - In the Old Testament ‘the exile’, or ‘the captivity’, refers to the period of approximately seventy years that followed Babylon’s conquest of Jerusalem and deportation of the people into captivity in Babylon (2 Kings 24; 2 Kings 25:1-21; Jeremiah 25:11-12; Jeremiah 29:10; Daniel 1:1-4; Ezekiel 1:1-3). For details of life in captivity in Babylon see DANIEL; Ezekiel
Earth, Land - ...
Erets as What Is Beneath the Earth or Land—the Underworld The prophet Ezekiel wrote literally of “the land of lowest places” ( Ezekiel 26:20 ). People of Tyre were going there (Ezekiel 26:15 ,Ezekiel 26:15,26:20 ). The people of Egypt were going there (Ezekiel 31:2 ,Ezekiel 31:2,31:14 ,Ezekiel 31:14,31:16 ,Ezekiel 31:16,31:18 ; Ezekiel 32:18 ,Ezekiel 32:18,32:24 ). ” Sheol was another name for the place of the departed dead (Ezekiel 31:15-17 NAS)
Pharaoh - Ezekiel 29; Ezekiel 30; Ezekiel 31; Ezekiel 32; see EGYPT)
Prophecy - In the writings of the prophets (Isaiah 2:18-21 ), (Jeremiah 27:3-7 ; 29:11-14 ), (Ezekiel 5:12 ; 8 ), Daniel Zephaniah 2:4-720 ), (Hosea 9:17 ), there are also many prophecies regarding the events which were to befall that people. ...
There is in like manner a large number of prophecies relating to those nations with which the Jews came into contact, as Tyre (Ezekiel 26:3-5,14-21 ), Egypt (Ezekiel 29:10,15 ; 30:6,12,13 ), Ethiopia (Nahum 3:8-10 ), Nineveh (Nahum 1:10 ; 2:8-13 ; 3:17-19 ), Babylon (Isaiah 13:4 ; Jeremiah 51:7 ; Isaiah 44:27 ; Jeremiah 50:38 ; 51:36,39,57 ), the land of the Philistines (Jeremiah 47:4-7 ; Ezekiel 25:15-17 ; Amos 1:6-8 ; 1618529196_9 ; Zechariah 9:5-8 ), and of the four great monarchies (Daniel 2:39,40 ; 7:17-24 ; 8:9 )
Idol - ...
...
'Elil, "a thing of naught" (Psalm 97:7 ; Isaiah 19:3 ); a word of contempt, used of the gods of Noph (Ezekiel 30:13 ). ...
...
Gillulim, also a word of contempt, "dung;" "refuse" (Ezekiel 16:36 ; 20:8 ; Deuteronomy 29:17 , marg. ...
...
Shikkuts, "filth;" "impurity" (Ezekiel 37:23 ; Nahum 3:6 ). " In Ezekiel 8:12 , "chambers of imagery" (maskith), are "chambers of which the walls are painted with the figures of idols;" Compare ver
Elder - The system existed in other Semitic races ( Numbers 22:4 , Joshua 9:11 , Ezekiel 27:9 , Psalms 105:22 ). During the Exile the ‘elders’ are the centre of the people’s life ( Jeremiah 29:1 , Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 , Ezra 5:9 ff; Ezra 6:7 ff
Fatling -
A fatted animal for slaughter (2 Samuel 6:13 ; Isaiah 11:6 ; Ezekiel 39:18
Hook - ) Less familiar is the practice of ancient conquerors who led their captives by means of hooks or thongs put through their noses or jaws (2 Chronicles 33:11 ; Ezekiel 38:4 ; Amos 4:2 )
Wall - Cities were surrounded by walls, as distinguished from "unwalled villages" (Ezekiel 38:11 ; Leviticus 25:29-34 )
Poll - KJV term for “to cut off” or “to trim” hair (2 Samuel 14:26 ; Ezekiel 44:20 ; Micah 1:16 )
Chestnut Tree - It is one of the trees of which, because of its strength and beauty, the Assyrian empire is likened (Ezekiel 31:8 ; RSV, "plane trees")
Sapphire - (Ezekiel 28:13 ) The sapphire of the ancients was not our gem of that name, viz
Log - (1) A liquid measure (See Ecclesiastes 10:9 ), to burning logs for cooking (Ezekiel 24:10 ), and to felling logs to use in house construction (2Kings 6:2,2 Kings 6:5 )
Aven - Referred to On or Heliopolis in Egypt (Ezekiel 30:17 )
Harder - ...
Ezekiel 3:9 (a) GOD gave to His servant, the prophet, needed grace to face his enemies with a calm, quiet, peaceful countenance
Tin - ...
Ezekiel 22:18 (c) Again this metal is probably used as a picture of hypocrisy
Lead (Metal) - The size of it was according to GOD's command, as in Ezekiel 45:11
Topaz - פטדה , Exodus 28:17 ; Exodus 39:10 ; Job 28:19 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; τοπαζιον , Revelation 21:20 ; a precious stone of a pale dead green, with a mixture of yellow; and sometimes of fine yellow, like gold
Pit - Pits were sometimes used as dungeons, Genesis 37:20 ; Jeremiah 38:6 ; or being slightly covered, and baited, they served as traps to catch wild beasts, a device which illustrates the plots of designing men and women, Psalm 119:85 ; Proverbs 22:14 ; 26:27 ; Ezekiel 19:4
Walk - Is often figuratively used to denote a man's mode of life, or his spiritual character, course, and relations, Ezekiel 11:20
Harlot - An abandoned woman, Proverbs 29:3 ; a type of idolatrous nations and cities, Isaiah 1:21 Ezekiel 16:1-63 Nahum 3:4
Exile - In addition, the prophets Micah, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, and Ezekiel agreed that Judah would fall. ) until the fall of Jerusalem when he was blinded and taken into Exile into Babylon (2 Kings 24:17-25:7 ; 2 Chronicles 36:10-21 ; Jeremiah 39:1-7 ; Jeremiah 52:1-11 ; Ezekiel 12:12-13 ; Ezekiel 17:5-21 ). Babylon The center of Jewish life shifted to Babylon under such leaders as Ezekiel. Exiled Jews based their calendar on the exile of King Jehoichin in 597 ( Ezekiel 1:2 ; Ezekiel 33:21 ; Ezekiel 40:1 ). Apparently religious leaders like Ezekiel were able to lead religious meetings (Ezekiel 8:1 ; compare Ezra 8:15-23 ). Correspondence continued between those in Judah and those in Exile (Jeremiah 29:1 ), and Jewish elders gave leadership to the exiles (Jeremiah 29:1 ; Ezekiel 8:1 ; Ezekiel 14:1 ; Ezekiel 20:1 ). They joined prophets like Ezekiel in looking for a rebuilt Temple and a restored Jewish people. They laughed at Babylonian gods as sticks of wood left over from the fire (Isaiah 44:9-17 ; Isaiah 45:9-10 ; 1618529196_73 ,2 Kings 25:26:6-7 ; Jeremiah 1:16 ; Ezekiel 20:29-32 )
Har-Magedon - And the place given to ‘the mountains of Israel’ in Ezekiel’s prophecy of the destruction of Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38:8; Ezekiel 38:21; Ezekiel 39:2; Ezekiel 39:4; Ezekiel 39:17), to which the Apocalyptist subsequently refers in his description of the final overthrow of Satan and his hosts (Revelation 20:8), may have served to confirm the idea that a mountain would be the scene of ‘the war of the great day of God, the Almighty
East Country - The East Country of Ezekiel 47:8 lies in the direction of the Dead Sea
Brimstone - This word figuratively denotes destruction or punishment ( Job 18:15 ; Isaiah 30:33 ; 34:9 ; Psalm 11:6 ; Ezekiel 38:22 )
Armenia - In Ezekiel 27:14 its trading in "carriage horses, riding horses and mules" (so the Heb
Path - , Proverbs 2:15 ; 4:11,26,27 ; 5:6,21 ; in some texts, Ezekiel 27:19
Gebal - ...
...
A Phoenician city, not far from the sea coast, to the north of Beyrout (Ezekiel 27:9 ); called by the Greeks Byblos
Silk - meshi, (Ezekiel 16:10,13 , rendered "silk")
Phibeseth - (fi bee' ssehth) Place name derived from the Egyptian, “house of Bastet,” a goddess represented as a cat (Ezekiel 30:17 )
Cage - Ezekiel 19:8 RV Dote - Ezekiel 23
Caldron - Ezekiel 11:3-7 (a) This is a type of Jerusalem
Fowl - The Assyrian host, type of the anti-Christian hosts (Revelation 19:17-18, ta ornea ; Ezekiel 39:17-20), "shall be left to the fowls of the mountains
Cruelty - Ezekiel 34
Shepherd - Ezekiel 34:23 (a) This represents King David as he would guide the affairs and the destinies of Israel
Calamus - Calamus, Song of Solomon 4:14; Ezekiel 27:19, or Sweet Calamus, Exodus 30:23, or Sweet Cane, Isaiah 43:24; Jeremiah 6:20
Javan - ...
...
A town or district of Arabia Felix, from which the Syrians obtained iron, cassia, and calamus (Ezekiel 27:19 )
Sheep - The male sheep or ram is ayil , which served as a symbol of authority and rule (Exodus 15:15 ; Ezekiel 17:13 ; Ezekiel 31:11 ). Ezekiel 34:1 uses the life of sheep and shepherds to picture God's relationship with His people and their rulers
Massah And Meribah - As variants of ‘Meribah’ we find ‘waters of Meribah,’ ‘waters of Meribah-kadesh ,’ and, at Ezekiel 47:18 , ‘waters of Meriboth-kadesh ,’ if the reading be correct. Ezekiel 47:19 ; Ezekiel 48:28 place Meribah on the southern border of the restored nation
Flock - More particularly, it speaks of Israel as subjects of earthly kings (Jeremiah 13:20 ; 25:34-36 ; Ezekiel 34:2-3 ) or of the elders of the church (Acts 20:28 ; 1 Peter 5:3 ), who are held accountable for their leadership. ...
Although the flock is sometimes scattered in judgment (Ezekiel 34:12 ) it is never without the hope of regathering (Jeremiah 23:1-3 ). The reason for this hope is that Israel is under the care of Yahweh, the Good Shepherd (Psalm 95:7 ; Ezekiel 34:31 ; cf
Headdress - The pe-eer was a holiday ornamental head-dress; (Isaiah 61:3) "beauty for ashes" (a play on similar sounds, pe-eer epher ), to give them the ornamental headdress worn on joyous occasions (Ezekiel 24:17) for the ashes cast on the head in mourning (2 Samuel 13:19). In Ezekiel 16:10 "I girded thee about with fine linen" may refer to the turban. In Ezekiel 23:15 "exceeding in dyed attire," translated "redundant in dyed turbans," i
Bird - ’ usually joined with ‘of heaven’ or ‘of the air’: see Genesis 1:21 ; Genesis 1:30 , Leviticus 17:13 , 2 Samuel 21:10 , Jeremiah 4:25 , Ezekiel 31:6 ; Ezekiel 31:13 : (2) ‘ayit , usually tr. ]'>[4] ): Genesis 15:11 , Job 28:7 , Isaiah 18:6 , Ezekiel 39:4 ; (3) tsippôr (cf
Line - Jeremiah 31:39 , Ezekiel 47:3 , Zechariah 1:16 ). pâthîl , a string or cord, only in Ezekiel 40:3 ; Ezekiel 40:6
Face - ...
Ezekiel 1:6 (b) These four faces represent four aspects of the Lord JESUS CHRIST. (See also Ezekiel 10:14; Revelation 4:7). ...
Ezekiel 38:18 (a) This is the picture of a man whose anger is seen in his countenance as the face reddens and the mouth tightens
Forehead - The forehead is made the seat of boldness of speech and act (Ezekiel 3:7-9): "the house of Israel are stiff of forehead . God's seal and name are in the foreheads of His servants, the conspicuous, noblest part of man's body, the seat of the understanding, whereon the helmet, "the hope of salvation," is worn (Ezekiel 9:4). In Ezekiel 16:12, "a jewel on thy forehead," rather "a ring in thy nose" (Isaiah 3:21)
Art - The coloured representations which Ezekiel saw with abhorrence on the Temple walls were not true paintings, but, as the original implies, figures chiselled in outline, with the contours filled in with vermilion (Ezekiel 23:14 f. Ezekiel 8:10 )
Daniel - (See Daniel 1:7) We have this man's history in his writings, and in the accounts given of him by Ezekiel 14:14 for his great sanctity of life and manners. Hence, the prophet Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 28:3) speaking, by the Lord's command, to the prince of Tyrus, speaks of his vanity and pride, as if he thought himself wiser than Daniel
Cedar - Its lofty height, and its far extended branches, afford spacious shelter and shade, Ezekiel 31:3 ; Ezekiel 31:6 ; Ezekiel 31:8
Oil - The Hebrews used olive oil as butter and as animal fat is used with us, Deuteronomy 32:13; Job 24:11; Ezekiel 16:13. Deuteronomy 28:40; Ezekiel 27:17
Imagination - The NIV also used imagination four times: in reference to fabricating prophecy (Ezekiel 13:2 ,Ezekiel 13:2,13:17 ); and for evil plans (Isaiah 65:2 ; Isaiah 66:18 )
Ethiopia - Country of burnt faces; the Greek word by which the Hebrew Cush is rendered (Genesis 2:13 ; 2 Kings 19:9 ; Esther 1:1 ; Job 28:19 ; Psalm 68:31 ; 87:4 ), a country which lay to the south of Egypt, beginning at Syene on the First Cataract (Ezekiel 29:10 ; 30:6 ), and extending to beyond the confluence of the White and Blue Nile. ...
Ethiopia is spoken of in prophecy (Psalm 68:31 ; 87:4 ; Isaiah 45:14 ; Ezekiel 30:4-9 ; Daniel 11:43 ; Nahum 3:8-10 ; Habakkuk 3:7 ; Zephaniah 2:12 )
Ivory - ” Ivory was used for decoration on thrones, beds, houses, and the decks of ships (1 Kings 10:18 ; 1 Kings 22:39 ; 2 Chronicles 9:17 ; Psalm 45:8 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ,Ezekiel 27:6,27:15 ; Amos 3:15 ; Amos 6:4 )
Hophra - , is also referred to as Pharaoh in Jeremiah 37:8 ; Jeremiah 37:7 ; Jeremiah 37:11 , Ezekiel 29:3 etc. There is no evidence that Nebuchadnezzar plundered Egypt, as was anticipated by Ezekiel, though he seems to have attacked Hophra’s successor Amasis in b
Lud, Ludim - This reading would suit equally well Jeremiah 46:9 , and even the singular form Lud might with advantage be emended into Lub in Ezekiel 27:10 ; Ezekiel 30:5 , Isaiah 66:19
Island, Isle - Mediterranean; the ‘isles of the sea’ ( Esther 10:1 , Ezekiel 26:18 etc. The isle of Kittim ( Jeremiah 2:10 , Ezekiel 27:6 ) is probably Cyprus, and the isle of Caphtor ( Jeremiah 47:4 mg
Breath - (See also Ezekiel 47:5; John 7:38). ...
Ezekiel 37:9 (a) The breath also in this place is a type of the Holy Spirit
Sheba - ' (The name 'Sheba' occurs also in Job 6:19 ; Psalm 72:10,15 ; Isaiah 60:6 ; Jeremiah 6:20 ; Ezekiel 27:22,23 ; Ezekiel 38:13 ; but it is uncertain to which of the above three races each passage refers
Side - ...
Ezekiel 1:17 (b) In this peculiar expression, the Lord is informing us that the Lord JESUS CHRIST, who is represented by the four animals, and the Holy Spirit, who is represented by the eyes, would influence and affect every part of the earth. (See Ezekiel 10:11)
Sister - ...
Jeremiah 3:10 (a) The two nations, Judah and Israel, are represented in this and in other portions as being sisters of each other, as they really were (See Ezekiel 16:46). ...
Ezekiel 23:4 (a) Again the two nations of Israel and Samaria are represented as sisters, and they receive new names which describe their character
Rosh - The Hebrew speaks of a people called Rosh, Ezekiel 38:2-3 . It deserves notice, that the LXX render the passage in Ezekiel, Γωγ , αοχοντα ‘Ρως , Μεσοχ , και Θοβελ , Gog the chief of Ros, Mesoch, and Thobel; and Jerom, not absolutely to reject this name, inserts both renderings: Gog, terram Magog, principem capitis ( sive Ros) Mosoch, et Thubal
Dragon - ), ‘dragon,’ Ezekiel 29:3 ; Ezekiel 32:2 , refers to Egypt, and probably means specially the crocodile (wh
Divination - Those were to be stoned who pretended to have a familiar spirit, or the spirit of divination, Deuteronomy 18:9-12 ; and the prophecies are full of invectives against the Israelite who consulted such, as well as against false prophets, who seduced the people, Isaiah 8:19 47:11 - 14 Ezekiel 13:6-9 . , Ezekiel 21:21
Sheba - ' (The name 'Sheba' occurs also in Job 6:19 ; Psalm 72:10,15 ; Isaiah 60:6 ; Jeremiah 6:20 ; Ezekiel 27:22,23 ; Ezekiel 38:13 ; but it is uncertain to which of the above three races each passage refers
Magic - ...
Among the methods of divination and sorcery mentioned in the Bible are throwing arrows into the air and observing the pattern formed when they fall (Ezekiel 21:21), consulting idolatrous figures or images (Ezekiel 21:21), looking into the liver of a sacrificed animal (Ezekiel 21:21), consulting the spirits of the dead (1 Samuel 28:8-9), studying the movements of the stars (Isaiah 47:13), gazing into a bowl or large cup of water (Genesis 44:5; Genesis 44:15) and using wristbands and veils in weird rituals to cast deadly spells over people (Ezekiel 13:17-19)
Adonis - The text of the Vulgate in Ezekiel 8:14 , says, that the Prophet saw women sitting in the temple, and weeping for Adonis; but according to the reading of the Hebrew text, they are said to weep for Thamuz, or Tammuz, the hidden one. The Hebrews, in derision, sometimes call him the dead, Psalms 106:28 ; Leviticus 19:28 ; because they wept for him, and represented him as dead in his coffin; and at other times they denominate him the image of jealousy, Ezekiel 8:3 ; Ezekiel 8:5 , because he was the object of the jealousy of Mars. The Hebrew women, of whom the Prophet Ezekiel speaks, celebrated the feasts of Tammuz, or Adonis, in Jerusalem; and God showed the Prophet these women weeping for this infamous god, even in his temple
Engines - , the beating of that which is in front a battering-ram ( Ezekiel 26:9 ), the use of which was common among the Egyptians and the Assyrians
Yarn - In Ezekiel 27:19 RV Ezekiel - ...
Ezekiel, the Book of: The book of Tanach containing Ezekiel's prophecies, including his vision of the Merkavah, a detailed description of the Third Holy Temple, and the vision of the valley of dry bones
pi-Beseth - (Ezekiel 30:17 ), supposed to mean
Hauran - Cave-land, mentioned only in Ezekiel 47:16,18
Earrings - Rings properly for the ear (Genesis 35:4 ; Numbers 31:50 ; Ezekiel 16:12 )
Rosh - (Ezekiel 38:2,3 ; 39:1 ) is rendered "chief" in the Authorized Version
Agate - In Isaiah 54:12 and Ezekiel 27:16 , this word is the rendering of the Hebrew cadcod, which means "ruddy," and denotes a variety of minutely crystalline silica more or less in bands of different tints
Tammuz - At this festival, which lasted six days, the worshippers, with loud lamentations, bewailed the funeral of the god, they sat "weeping for Tammuz" (Ezekiel 8:14 )
Tammuz - The worship of Tammuz by women in Jerusalem was revealed as one of the abominations in Ezekiel (1 Samuel 8:14-15 )
Hazar - Hazar is a common element in place names: Hazar-enan ( Ezekiel 47:17 ); Hazar-gaddah (Joshua 15:27 ); Hazar-shual (Joshua 15:28 ); Hazar-susah (Joshua 19:5 )
Cieled, Cieling - ’ The verb, on the other hand, should everywhere be rendered ‘ panelled ’ ( 2 Chronicles 3:5 , Jeremiah 22:14 , Ezekiel 41:16 , Haggai 1:4 ‘your panelled houses’), the reference being to the panels of cedar or other costly wood with which the inner walls were lined
Cassia - " One of the principal spices of the holy anointing oil ( Exodus 30:24 ), and an article of commerce (Ezekiel 27:19 )
Chest - " ( Ezekiel 27:24 ) only
Battering-Ram - It was sometimes in the lower part of a wooden tower built upon wheels, and was worked by more than a hundred men; while the upper part of the tower was filled with archers and slingers, Ezekiel 4:2 ; 21:22
Pannag - A word of doubtful genuineness occurring only in Ezekiel 27:17 , in a list of articles which had a place in the commerce of Judah and Israel with Tyre
Vex - Ezekiel 32
Topaz - , Exodus 28:17 ; 39:10 ; Job 28:19 ; Psalm 119:127 , "(gold and) topaz;" Ezekiel 28:13
Persia - ...
Throughout the period, the Jews kept looking for the kind of restoration promised by prophets such as Isaiah (Isaiah 40-66 ) and Ezekiel (Ezekiel 40-48 ). See Ezekiel 40-48 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ; Ezekiel 40-48 ; Ezekiel 40-48
Bosses - The invading godless Gog and Magog's shields Israel shall "set on fire" (Ezekiel 39:9)
Dung - ...
...
Used as fuel, a substitute for firewood, which was with difficulty procured in Syria, Arabia, and Egypt (Ezekiel 4:12-15 ), where cows' and camels' dung is used to the present day for this purpose
Mitre - Priests were prohibited from showing signs of mourning such as dishevelled hair (Ezekiel 24:17 ; Leviticus 21:10 )
Raamah - Raamah is also associated with Sheba in Ezekiel 27:22 as trading with Tyre
Box-Tree - The words of Ezekiel 27:6 literally translated are, "Thy benches they have made of ivory, the daughter of the ashur tree," i
Onyx - shoham), a precious stone adorning the breast-plate of the high priest and the shoulders of the ephod (Exodus 28:9-12,20 ; 35:27 ; Job 28:16 ; Ezekiel 28:13 )
Noph - The Hebrew name of an Egyptian city (Isaiah 19:13 ; (Isaiah 44:1 ; 46:14,19 ; Ezekiel 30:13,16 )
Migdol - This word is rendered "tower" in Ezekiel 29:10 , but the margin correctly retains the name Migdol, "from Migdol to Syene;" i
Berothai - In Ezekiel 47:16 connected with Hamath and Damascus, as the northern boundary of the future inheritance of restored Israel
Kedar - It is the name for the nomadic tribes of Arabs, the Bedouins generally (Isaiah 21:16 ; 42:11 ; 60:7 ; Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:21 ), who dwelt in the north-west of Arabia
Wool - The wool of Damascus, famous for its whiteness, was of great repute in the Tyrian market (Ezekiel 27:18 )
Diblath - Rather DIBLAH (Ezekiel 6:14)
Shekel - It was equal to about sixteen grams, and was used to weigh all sorts of things (1 Samuel 17:5; 1 Samuel 17:7; 2 Samuel 14:26; Ezekiel 4:10)
Rabbah - It is known today as Amman, capital of the present-day nation of Jordan (Deuteronomy 3:11; Jeremiah 49:1-2; Ezekiel 21:20; Amos 1:13-14)
Chestnut Tree - Ezekiel 31:7-8, to which the Assyrian empire is compared in beauty and strength
Carbuncle - (cahr' buhn cle) A precious stone used in the priest's breastpiece (Exodus 28:17 ) and part of the king of Tyre's apparel in the Garden of Eden according to Ezekiel's ironic description (Ezekiel 28:13 )
Sepharvaim - It may be the same as Sibraim in Syria (Ezekiel 47:16 ), a border in Ezekiel's promised restoration of Israel
Paps - Ezekiel 23:21 (c) This is plainly a type of the lusts of the flesh
Peeled - ...
Ezekiel 29:18 (b) The shoulder that was injured would hinder work and labor
Lightning - Terrible in its dazzling beauty and power to destroy, it was associated with theophanies (Exodus 19:16; Exodus 20:18, Ezekiel 1:13-14), and became one of the categories of Jewish and Christian apocalyptic (Revelation 4:5; Revelation 8:5; Revelation 11:19; Revelation 16:18)
Adamant - ADAMANT is twice ( Ezekiel 3:9 , Zechariah 7:12 ) used in AV Arrow - Ezekiel 5
Marsh - Ezekiel 47:11 (b) This word describes the lives of certain people
Chalcedony - The mineral intended in Revelation is probably the Hebrew Nophekh , Translated "emerald" ( Exodus 28:18 ; 39:11 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ; 28:13 )
Flint - ' God made Ezekiel's forehead as an adamant, harder than flint, because of the obduracy of Israel. Ezekiel 3:9
Fir - Used for musical instruments, for its softness of grain and sonorous property (2 Samuel 6:5), doors (1 Kings 6:34), ceilings (2 Chronicles 3:5), decks of ships (Ezekiel 27:5)
Departure - Ezekiel 26
Parable - Some of the OT parables are Trees Making a King (2 Samuel 12:1-4); The Thistle and the Cedar (2 Kings 14:9); Israel, a Vine Planted by Water (Ezekiel 24:1014), etc
Willow, - In Ezekiel 17:5 the word is tsaphtsaphah, supposed by some to be the Arabic safsâf, a willow or osier which grows by the water
Wings - The living creatures in Ezekiel 1 , had each four wings, and those in Isaiah 6:2 and Revelation 4 , had each of them six wings
Engedi - A place in Judah, on the west side of the Dead Sea, Joshua 15:62; Ezekiel 47:10, about midway between its northern and southern ends
Censer - 1: θυμιατήριον (Strong's #2369 — Noun Neuter — thumiaterion — thoo-mee-as-tay'-ree-on ) "a vessel for burning incense" (2 Chronicles 26:19 ; Ezekiel 8:11 ), is found in Hebrews 9:4
Agate - Its Hebrew name is, perhaps, derived from the country whence the Jews imported it; for the merchants of Sheba brought to the market of Tyre all kinds of precious stones, Ezekiel 27:22
Cherethites or Cherethim - A portion of the Philistines, supposed by many to have originated in Crete, 1 Samuel 30:14 Ezekiel 25:16 Zephaniah 2:5 ...
2
Engedi - It stood near the middle of the western shore of the Dead sea, twenty-five or thirty miles south- east of Jerusalem, in the edge of the loftiest part of the wilderness of Judea, a region full of rocks and caverns, 1 Samuel 23:29 Ezekiel 47:10
Zoan - , attest the ancient grandeur of this city, and its ruin according to prophecy, Ezekiel 30:14
They - Ezekiel 2 ...
They of Italy salute you
Wither - Ezekiel 17
Phut, Put - (Isaiah 66:19 ; Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 27:10 ; 30:5 ; 38:5 ; Nahum 3:9 ) Some identify it with Libya, in the northern part Africa near the Mediterranean Sea; others, as Mr
lu'Dim - Lud and the Ludim are mentioned in four passages of the prophets -- (Isaiah 66:19 ; Jeremiah 46:9 ; Ezekiel 27:10 ; 38:5 ) There call be no doubt that but one nation is intended in these passages, and it seems that the preponderance of evidence is in favor of the Mizaraite Ludim
Razor - (Leviticus 14:8 ; Numbers 6:9,18 ; 8:7 ; Judges 13:5 ; Isaiah 7:20 ; Ezekiel 5:1 ; Acts 18:18 ) The instruments of his work were probably, as in modern times, the razor, the basin, the mirror, and perhaps also the scissors
East - ...
THE EAST WINDwas distressing and destructive to vegetation, Genesis 41:6,23,27 ; dangerous to vessels at sea, Psalm 48:7 , Ezekiel 27:26 ; and is symbolical of the withering power of God's judgements
Lightning - Terrible in its dazzling beauty and power to destroy, it was associated with theophanies (Exodus 19:16; Exodus 20:18, Ezekiel 1:13-14), and became one of the categories of Jewish and Christian apocalyptic (Revelation 4:5; Revelation 8:5; Revelation 11:19; Revelation 16:18)
Cherethites And Pelethites - The Cherethites were a Philistine clan ( 1 Samuel 30:14 ), dwelling on the coast ( Ezekiel 25:16 , Zephaniah 2:5 ); and the name Pelethites may have been a corrupt form of Philistines . ]'>[1] of Ezekiel 25:16 , Zephaniah 2:5 uses Cretans as the equivalent of Cherethites
Usury - Help was to be given by the rich to his embarrassed brother to raise him out of difficulties, without making a gain of his poverty (Psalms 15:5; Proverbs 28:8; Jeremiah 15:10; Ezekiel 18:8; Ezekiel 18:17)
Tarshish - (tahr' sshihssh) Personal and place name of uncertain derivation, either meaning, “yellow jasper,” as in the Hebrew of Exodus 28:20 ; Ezekiel 28:13 , or else derived from an Akkadian term meaning, “smelting plant. Tarshish traded in precious metals with Tyre, another Mediterranean port (Isaiah 23:1 ; Jeremiah 10:9 ; Ezekiel 27:12 )
Ambassador - Ezekiel condemned King Zedekiah (597-586 B. ) for sending ambassadors to Egypt seeking help in rebelling against Babylon (Ezekiel 17:15 )
Noph - " The prophets often speak of this city, and foretel the miseries it was to suffer from the kings of Chaldea and Persia, Isaiah 19:13 ; Jeremiah 44:1 ; Jeremiah 46:14 ; Jeremiah 46:19 ; Hosea 9:6 ; Ezekiel 30:13 ; Ezekiel 30:16
Day - ...
The word day is also often put for an indeterminate period, for the time of Christ's coming in the flesh, and of his second coming to judgment, Isaiah 2:12 Ezekiel 13:5 John 11:24 1 Thessalonians 5:2 . The prophetic "day" usually is to be understood as one year, and the prophetic "year" or "time" as 360 days, Ezekiel 4:6
Hamath - The “entrance of Hamath” was treated as the northern border of Israel (Numbers 34:8 ; Joshua 13:5 ; Ezekiel 47:15-17 ,Ezekiel 47:15-17,47:20 ; Ezekiel 48:1 ) and served as an accepted geographical expression (Numbers 13:21 ; Judges 3:3 )
Ethiopia - Ezekiel 29:10. It is noticed in, connection with Egypt, Isaiah 20:4; Isaiah 43:3; Isaiah 45:14; with Libya (Phut), Jeremiah 46:9 : Lydia and Chub (Lub and Lud), Ezekiel 30:5, and the Sukkiim. Among other prophecies in respect to Ethiopia are Psalms 68:31; Psalms 87:4; Isaiah 45:14; Ezekiel 30:4-9; Daniel 11:43; Habakkuk 3:7; Zephaniah 2:12; Nahum 3:8-10
Sabeans - Probably it is of these Ezekiel speaks, Ezekiel 27:22 , who came with their merchandise to the fairs of Tyre: and Joel 3:8 : "I will deliver up your children to the tribe of Judah, who shall sell them to the Sabeans, a very distant nation. Sabeans, descendants from Joktan, may very well be those mentioned by Ezekiel 27:23 : "Saba, Assur, and Chelmad, thy dealers
Whale - תן and תנין , Genesis 1:21 ; Job 7:12 ; Ezekiel 32:2 ; κητος , Matthew 12:40 ; the largest of all the inhabitants of the water. " "The sea there is the river Nile, and the dragon the crocodile, Ezekiel 32:2 . On this passage Bochart remarks, "The תנין is not a whale, as people imagine; for a whale has neither feet nor scales, neither is it to be found in the rivers of Egypt; neither does it ascend therefrom upon the land; neither is it taken in the meshes of a net; all of which properties are ascribed by Ezekiel to the תנין of Egypt
Dan'Iel - (Daniel 10:1,4 ) In the prophecies of Ezekiel mention is made of Daniel as a pattern of righteousness, (Ezekiel 14:14,20 ) and wisdom. (Ezekiel 28:3 ) The narrative in (Daniel 1:11 ) implies that Daniel was conspicuously distinguished for purity and knowledge at a very early age
Reed - Some aquatic, reed like, plant, the Αrundodonax , or phragmitis , used as a walking stick, but apt to break and pierce the hand leaning on it (2 Kings 18:21; Ezekiel 29:6-7). Κaneh "a reed" in general; a measuring reed, six cubits long (Ezekiel 40:5; Ezekiel 41:8; compare Revelation 11:1; Revelation 21:15). The "sweet reed from a far country" is possibly the Αndropogon calamus aromaticus of central India; keneh bosem (Exodus 30:23 "sweet calamus") or hatob (Jeremiah 6:20); or it may be rather the lemon grass (Αndropogon schoenanthus ) of India (Isaiah 43:24; Song of Solomon 4:14; Ezekiel 27:19)
Eagle - ...
Ezekiel 1:10 (b) One of the four aspects of the Lord JESUS, His deity, is represented here. (See also Ezekiel 10:14, and Revelation 4:7). ...
Ezekiel 17:3 (a) The King of Babylon is represented by the eagle in this verse. ...
Ezekiel 17:7 (a) The King of Egypt also is compared to an eagle because he too was just about equal in power to the King of Babylon and ruled over kings and nations
Brier - סרבים , Ezekiel 2:6 . סלין , Ezekiel 28:24 , and סלונים , Ezekiel 2:6 , must be classed among thorns. The author of "Scripture Illustrated" queries, however, whether, as it is associated with "scorpions" in Ezekiel 2:6 , both this word and serebim may not mean some species of venomous insects
Shepherd - If sheep became lost, the shepherd sometimes had to risk his life in searching for them and rescuing them (Ezekiel 34:8; Ezekiel 34:12; Matthew 18:12). He counted the sheep as they went in at night, to make sure that none was missing; then, in the morning, he led them out into the fields (Jeremiah 33:13; Ezekiel 20:37; John 10:3; John 10:27; John 17:12). Many of Israel’s leaders were bad shepherds, and because of them the nation crumbled (Isaiah 56:11; Jeremiah 50:6; Ezekiel 34:2-6; Zechariah 11:15-17). Ezekiel 34:23-24)
Linen - 182), and a flourishing trade was carried on ( Proverbs 7:16 , Ezekiel 27:7 ). Ezekiel 9:2 ; Ezekiel 10:2 , Daniel 10:5 . ), while shçsh may perhaps mean the thread, as in the phrase ‘ bad of fine twined shçsh ’ ( Exodus 39:28 ), the cloth made from it ( Exodus 25:4 ; Exodus 26:1 , Ezekiel 27:7 etc. ’ bûts is a word of Aramæan origin, occurring only in later books ( Ezekiel 27:16 , 1 Chronicles 4:21 , Esther 1:6 ), whence comes the Gr
Shepherd - ) The nomadic state is one of the earliest stages of society, and was regarded as honourable even to a chief (Genesis 4:2; Genesis 4:20; Ezekiel 34:11-129 ff; Genesis 37); chiefs' daughters did not disdain to tend flocks (Genesis 29:6, etc. Hence the "shepherd's tent" came to symbolize desolation (Ezekiel 25:4; Zephaniah 2:6). ...
The shepherd's office represents Jehovah's tender care of His people (Psalm 23; Isaiah 40:11; Isaiah 49:9-10; Jeremiah 23:3-4; 1618529196_15; Ezekiel 34:23). ) His duty was to go before and call by name the sheep (John 10:4), watch it with dogs, a sorry animal in the East (Job 30:1), to search for stray sheep (Ezekiel 34:12; Luke 15:4), to supply water, either at a stream or at troughs by wells (Genesis 29:7; Genesis 30:38; Exodus 2:16), (so Jesus, Psalms 23:2), to bring back to the fold at evening and to reckon the sheep that none be missing (compare as to Jesus John 18:9; John 17:11-12; John 10:28-29), passing one by one "under the rod" (Leviticus 27:32; Jeremiah 33:13; Ezekiel 20:37), (i. Princes, and even hostile leaders, are called shepherds: Isaiah 44:28; Jeremiah 2:8; Jeremiah 3:15; Jeremiah 6:3; Ezekiel 34:2; Micah 5:5
Fitches - In Ezekiel 4:9 this word is the rendering of the Hebrew Kussemeth (Incorrectly rendered "rye" in the Authorized Version of Exodus 9:32 and Isaiah 28:25 , but "spelt" in the Revised Version)
Bolster - " In Ezekiel 13:18,20 another Hebrew word (kesathoth) is used, properly denoting "cushions" or "pillows," as so rendered both in the Authorized and the Revised Version
Rainbow - It is referred to three other times in Scripture (Ezekiel 1:27,28 ; Revelation 4:1-3 ; 10:1 )
Wolf - The habits of the wolf are described in Jeremiah 5:6 ; Habakkuk 1:8 ; Zephaniah 3:3 ; Ezekiel 22:27 ; Matthew 7:15 ; 10:16 ; Acts 20:29
Box - Some read this in Ezekiel 27:6, instead of "the Ashurites
Sword - Of the Hebrew was pointed, sometimes two-edged, was worn in a sheath, and suspended from the girdle (Exodus 32:27 ; 1 Samuel 31:4 ; 1 Chronicles 21:27 ; Psalm 149:6 : Proverbs 5:4 ; Ezekiel 16:40 ; 21:3-5 )
Roll - The Hebrew word rendered "roll" or "volume" is Meghillah , Found in Ezra 6:2 ; Psalm 40:7 ; Jeremiah 36:2,6,23,28,29 ; Ezekiel 2:9 ; 3:1-3 ; Zechariah 5:1,2
Nose Jewels - " In Isaiah 3:21 the nose jewels are mentioned among other adornments of women, which should be taken away in God's judgements; and in Ezekiel 16:12 , among the ornaments spoken of symbolically with which God adorned Jerusalem, is 'a jewel on thy forehead,' which should however read 'a ring upon thy nose
Make - ’ In Ezekiel 17:17 ‘Neither shall Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company make for him in the war,’ ‘make for’ means ‘assist
Midwife - The duties of the midwife likely included cutting the umbilical cord, washing and salting the babe, and wrapping the child in cloths (Ezekiel 16:4 )
Uzal - for "going to and fro," Ezekiel 27:19, "from Uzal
Cherub - ) A mysterious composite being, the winged footstool and chariot of the Almighty, described in Ezekiel i
Baal-Meon - Ezekiel 25:9 pronounces judgment on Baal-meon as a city of Moab about the time of the Exile in 587
Bellows - The idea of a bellows is alluded to elsewhere in the Bible (See Job 20:26 ; Job 41:21 ; Isaiah 54:16 ; Ezekiel 22:20-21 )
Minnith - The place appears to have been famous for the high quality of its wheat ( Ezekiel 27:17 , cf
Agate - It was imported from Syria to Tyre (Ezekiel 27:16)
Alienate - ...
Ezekiel 48
Watchman - ...
Ezekiel 3:17 (b) In this case the watchman is a type of the prophet in Israel who is set to bring GOD's message of warning to the people
Cattle - seh has the same meaning, Genesis 30:32 ; Ezekiel 34:17-22 : in Isaiah 7:25 it is translated 'lesser cattle,' and in Isaiah 43:23 'small cattle
Chrysoprase - The word is not found in either of the Septuagint lists of precious stones (Exodus 28:17-20, Ezekiel 28:13) with which the writer of Rev
Zoan - The prophets used Zoan to refer to the Egyptian government and its activities ( Isaiah 19:11 ,Isaiah 19:11,19:13 ; Isaiah 30:4 ; Ezekiel 30:14 )
Arch - ]'>[1] of Ezekiel 40:16 ff
Gebal - ]'>[2] ‘stone-squarers’) and ships’ caulkers for Tyre ( Ezekiel 27:9 )
Stick - ...
Ezekiel 37:16 (a) These dead sticks represent Judah and Israel who were fruitless, dead, helpless and separated
Calneh - It is called Calno (Isaiah 10:9 ) and Canneh (Ezekiel 27:23 )
Jehovah-Shammah - (See Ezekiel 48:35) The prophet is speaking by the Spirit of prophecy, and looking into the days of the gospel; so that here is a mark to know the church by now, and which will be the character of Christ's church for ever
Amethyst - The Hebrew word is achlamah which is translated ἀμέθυστος in the above two passages in Exodus by the LXX, who also have the same in Ezekiel 28:13 , where there is nothing in the Hebrew
Mortar - (Genesis 11:3 ; Exodus 1:14 ; Leviticus 14:42,45 ; Isaiah 41:25 ; Ezekiel 13:10,11,14,15 ; 22:28 ; Nehemiah 3:14 ) The various compacting substances used in Oriental buildings appear to be --
Bitumen, as in the Babylonian structures; ...
Common mud or moistened clay; ...
A very firm cement compounded of sand, ashes and lime, in the proportions respectively of 1,2,3, well pounded, sometimes mixed and sometimes coated with oil, so as to form a surface almost impenetrable to wet or the weather
Aholibah - This and Aholah are two feigned names made use of by Ezekiel 23:4 , to denote the two kingdoms of Judah and Samaria
Crystal - This word is translated "crystal" in Ezekiel 1:22 ; and "frost," Genesis 31:40 ; Job 37:10 ; Jeremiah 36:30 ; and "ice," Job 6:16 ; Job 38:29 ; Psalms 147:17 ; κρυσταλλος , Revelation 4:6 ; Revelation 22:1
Merchant - Some of the maritime nations, as Egypt, and still more the Phoenicians, carried on a large traffic by sea, Isaiah 23:2 Ezekiel 27:28
Syene - "From Migdol," the tower, "unto Syene," denotes the whole length of Egypt from north to south, Ezekiel 29:10 ; 30:6
Coral - It is ranked by Job 28:18 , and Ezekiel 27:16 , among precious stones
Raven - Ezekiel 22
Pan - In the KJV, an iron pan (NRSV plate) serves as symbol of the coming seige of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 4:3 )
Seraphim - They appear to be distinguished from the cherubim, Ezekiel 1:5-12
Silk - It is mentioned in Revelation 18:12 , and probably in Ezekiel 16:10,13
Dragon - Thus in Deuteronomy 32:33 Jeremiah 51:34 Revelation 12:1-17 , it evidently implies a huge serpent; in Isaiah 27:1 51:9 Ezekiel 29:3 , it may mean the crocodile, or any large sea-monster; while in Job 30:29 Lamentations 4:3 Micah 1:8 , it seems to refer to some wild animal of the desert, most probably the jackal
Branch - It is used in Ezekiel 8:17 as a symbol of idolatrous worship, probably in allusion to the carrying of fragrant boughs in honor of idols
Dura, Plain of - A curious Talmudic legend makes this plain the scene of Ezekiel’s vision ( Ezekiel 37:1-14 ), which it regards as an actual event ( Sanh
Propitiantion - The same Greek word is used in the Septuagint to denote an "atonement," Numbers 5:8 ; a "sin-offering," Ezekiel 44:27 ; and the covering of the Ark of the Covenant, Leviticus 16:14 Hebrews 9:5
Teraphim - 24 ; Ezekiel 21
pi-Beseth - Ezekiel 30:17 : Bubastis, one of the greatest cities in Lower Egypt; Egyp
Nail - Sometimes the Hebrew word is used for the wooden pins or iron spikes firmly inwrought into the walls of a building, Ezra 9:8 Ezekiel 15:3
Mortar - (Genesis 11:3 ; Exodus 1:14 ; Leviticus 14:42,45 ; Isaiah 41:25 ; Ezekiel 13:10,11,14,15 ; 22:28 ; Nehemiah 3:14 ) The various compacting substances used in Oriental buildings appear to be --
Bitumen, as in the Babylonian structures; ...
Common mud or moistened clay; ...
A very firm cement compounded of sand, ashes and lime, in the proportions respectively of 1,2,3, well pounded, sometimes mixed and sometimes coated with oil, so as to form a surface almost impenetrable to wet or the weather
Bull, Bullock, - It is variously rendered "bullock," (Isaiah 65:25 ) "cow," (Ezekiel 4:15 ) "oxen," (Genesis 12:16 ) Kine is used in the Bible as the plural of cow
Crystal, - ; but once only ( Ezekiel 1:22 ) as is generally understood, to signify "crystal
Cherub (1) - Composite animal forms, always spoken of as familiar to the Hebrew: fourfold, Consisting of man, lion, ox, and eagle; ideal representatives of redeemed creaturely life, in which man is prominent (Ezekiel 1:5; Revelation 4:7). ...
They were "the provisional occupants of man's lost inheritance" (Fairbairn), the pledge of the restoration of man and the creaturely world closely allied with and subject to him (Psalm 8; Isaiah 11:6-9; Romans 8:17-24; Ezekiel 34:25; Hosea 2:18); the symbolical prophecy of the recovery of the tree of life; for they guard it, not against but for man, against the time when man shall be fit to enjoy it and never to lose it. " (Genesis 3:24; Ezekiel 11:23; Ezekiel 43:2. ) As the redeemed will hereafter be one with Christ in His executing vengeance on the ungodly (Revelation 19:11-16), so the Cherubim (Revelation 15:7; Ezekiel 10:7). In Ezekiel 1 the four living creatures of the Cherubim stand in contrast with the four world monarchies (Daniel 7), termed "beasts. The eyes all over (Ezekiel 10:12) express manifold and ubiquitous wisdom. In Ezekiel 10:13 "it was cried unto the wheels . " Whereas in Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:6) each living creature has all four faces, in Revelation 4:6-9 the four faces are distributed, one to each. ...
The pagan knowledge of the cherubim of the Book of Revelation is implied in Ezekiel 28:13-14, where the king of Tyre is represented as having been "in Eden the garden of God," and as boasting that he is "the anointed cherub that covereth," i. In Ezekiel, for the first time, instinct with life, zeal, and ceaseless untiring motion
Hunger - Ezekiel pictured God as providing for the needs of God's sheep so there would be no hunger (Ezekiel 34:29 )
On - Light; the sun, (Genesis 41:45,50 ), the great seat of sun-worship, called also Bethshemesh (Jeremiah 43:13 ) and Aven (Ezekiel 30:17 ), stood on the east bank of the Nile, a few miles north of Memphis, and near Cairo, in the north-east. Versions have "Heliopolis" ("city of the sun") instead of On in Genesis and of Aven in Ezekiel
Ephah - It is one-tenth of a homer and equal to one bath of liquid (Ezekiel 45:11 ). Compare Leviticus 19:36 ; Ezekiel 45:10 ; Amos 8:5
Tamar - Fortified city at the southern end of the Dead Sea, marking the ideal limit of Israel (Ezekiel 47:19 ; Ezekiel 48:28 )
Razors, Shaving - Among them, in parallel with most Western Asiatics including the Assyrians, the beard was considered as an ornament and point of pride, and was not shaven, but only trimmed (2 Samuel 19:24 ; Ezekiel 44:20 ). ...
Shaving was done with a sharp cutting instrument made from a variety of materials, but usually from either flint, obsidian, or iron (Isaiah 7:20 ; Ezekiel 5:1 ), but only in unusual circumstances
Israel - ...
Some types which represent Israel in various aspects:...
Adulterers, Hosea 7:4 (a)...
Bride, Isaiah 62:5 (a)...
Brood, Luke 13:34 (b)...
Cake not turned, Hosea 7:8 (a)...
Caldron, Ezekiel 11:3 (a)...
Calves of the stall, Malachi 4:2 (a)...
Cedar Trees, Numbers 24:6 (b)...
Chickens, Matthew 23:37 (a)...
Dust, Genesis 13:16 (a)...
Fig Tree, Matthew 24:32 (b)...
Great Lion, Numbers 23:24 (b)...
Heifer (backsliding). ...
Spring of water, Isaiah 58:11 (a)...
Stars, Genesis 22:17 (a)...
Trees, Psalm 104:16 (b)...
Unicorn, Numbers 24:8 (a)...
Vine, Ezekiel 15:6 (a)...
Virgin, 2 Kings 19:21 (b)...
Watered garden, Isaiah 58:11 (a)...
Cedar - 1 Kings 6:9,10 ; Isaiah 44:14 ; Ezekiel 27:5 . The Assyrian king in his strength was also compared to a cedar, which is thus described: "with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature," Ezekiel 31:3 ; for his pride he was to be brought down
Zoan - Ezekiel foretells the fate of the city in the words: "I will set fire in Zoan. " Ezekiel 30:14
New Moon - (Isaiah 66:23 ; Ezekiel 46:3 ) The trumpets were blown at the offering of the special sacrifices for the day, as on the solemn festivals. (1 Chronicles 113:31 ; 2 Chronicles 2:4 ; 8:13 ; 31;3 ; Ezra 3:5 ; Nehemiah 10:33 ; Ezekiel 45:17 ) The seventh new moon of the religious year, being that of Tisri, commenced the civil year, and had a significance and rites of its own
Greece, Greeks, Gre'Cians - (Isaiah 66:19 ; Ezekiel 27;13 ) The Greeks and Hebrews met for the first time in the slave-market. 800 Joel speaks of the Tyrians as, selling the children of Judah tot he Grecians, (Joel 3:6 ) and in Ezekiel 27:13 The Greeks are mentioned as bartering their brazen vessels for slaves
Daniel - Daniel of Ezekiel 14:14 ,Ezekiel 14:14,14:20 ; Ezekiel 28:3 is spelled differently in Hebrew from all the other forms in the Old Testament. Some identify the “Daniel” of Ezekiel with “Danel” of ancient Ugaritic literature
Pastor - " (1 Peter 5:4) And to distinguish him from every other, and as the only Shepherd of JEHOVAH, to whom the flock is given, and who alone was, and is, able to purchase it with his blood, and to preserve it by his power, by his servant the prophet Ezekiel, he is expressly called the one Shepherd; "I will set up one Shepherd over them, and he shall feed them. " (Ezekiel 34:23)...
The Holy Ghost hath not only thus delighted to mark the sweet features of his character, but hath given the several features also of his office. " (Jeremiah 3:15) And a whole chapter is spent by the prophet Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 34:1-31, in reproving the evil pastors who abused their office, and fed themselves of the flock, and not their people
Book - They were made of skins, and the writing was usually on one side only; to be written on both sideswould show a full record, as in Ezekiel 2:9,10 ; Revelation 5:1 . Ezekiel and John were told to eat the books presented to them. Ezekiel 2:8,9 ; Ezekiel 3:1-3 ; Revelation 10:9 : cf
Arm - Psalms 10:15 , Job 38:15 , Ezekiel 30:21 f. Sometimes the word expresses the might of God’s ceaseless activity either on behalf of His chosen ( Deuteronomy 33:27 , Psalms 44:3 , Isaiah 33:2 ; Isaiah 63:12 , Acts 13:17 ), or in breaking the power of His enemies ( Exodus 6:6 , Deuteronomy 5:15 , Ezekiel 21:6 ; Ezekiel 32:21 ), or again in upholding the movements and harmony of His creation, ruling in justice with unswerving sternness ( Ezekiel 20:33 f
Shadow - So does a king (Lamentations 4:20 ; Ezekiel 31:6 ). Still, Israel knew the false claims of kings to provide such protection (Judges 9:15 ; compare Isaiah 30:2 ; Ezekiel 31:1 ). Biblical writers looked to the Messiah for needed shade or shadow (Isaiah 32:2 ; Ezekiel 17:23 )
Tarshish (1) - If Sheba and Dedan stand for the commerce of the East, Tarshish may stand for that of the West ( Ezekiel 38:13 ). The wealth of Tarshish consisted of silver, iron, tin, and lead ( Jeremiah 10:9 , Ezekiel 27:12 ). The name probably denoted specially large merchant vessels, designed for distant voyages ( Psalms 48:7 , Isaiah 2:16 ; Isaiah 23:1 , Ezekiel 27:25 )
Tarshish - Tartessus and its inhabitants would now that Tyre's strength was disabled pour forth as waters, no longer kept working mines for the parent city), 14,18; Ezekiel 26:15; Ezekiel 26:18; Ezekiel 27:12
Brick - Plans of buildings, estates, and cities were drawn on such clay tablets, a practice which illustrates the command to Ezekiel to draw a plan of Jerusalem upon a tils or clay brick (Ezekiel 4:1 , see the elaborate note by Haupt in ‘Ezekiel’ ( PB Mitre - tsânîph or turban (for which see Dress, § 5 a ), and Ezekiel 21:26 RV Naked (And Forms) - ...
Ezekiel 16:8 (a) This word occurs in several places in connection with Israel, and of other nations. (See Ezekiel 16:36; Ezekiel 23:10; Nahum 3:5; Habakkuk 2:15)
Vine - This latter mode of cultivation appears to be alluded to by Ezekiel. Ezekiel 19:11-12. Numbers 22:24; Nehemiah 4:3; Song of Solomon 2:15; Ezekiel 13:4-5; Matthew 21:33
God And Magog - The names are taken from the prophecy of Ezekiel (chs. 38 and 39), where Gog is represented as a person, ‘the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal,’ and Magog as the name of his land (Ezekiel 38:2). The name may have reached Palestine as that of a successful and distant king of barbarian tribes and may have been used by Ezekiel as symbolic of powers hostile to the Kingdom of God. Perhaps oven in Ezekiel, where Gog is the prince and Magog the name of his country, the terms are little more than symbolic names for the opponents of God and His people. The picture that Ezekiel gave of their overthrow gave rise to the apocalyptic conception that finally the enemies of God and His people would he utterly overthrown in a great battle, and the names Gog and Magog frequently appear in later Jewish apocalyptic literature as leaders of the hostile world powers (cf. Davidson, Ezekiel (Camb
Son of Man - ...
...
It is a title frequently given to the prophet Ezekiel, probably to remind him of his human weakness
Garrison - "garrisons" in Ezekiel 26:11 ; correctly in Revised Version "pillars," marg
Hearth - The altar hearth of Ezekiel 43:15-16 refers to the upper part of the altar upon which the sacrifice was burnt (compare Leviticus 6:9 )
Cedar - Thus the cedar symbolized growth and strength (Psalm 92:12 ; compare Ezekiel 17:1 )
Chestnut Tree - CHESTNUT TREE ( ‘armôn , Genesis 30:37 , Ezekiel 31:8
Helam - ]'>[1] some introduce Helam also in Ezekiel 47:16
Senir - It was famous for its large fir-trees ( Ezekiel 27:5 )
Liver - In Ezekiel 21:21 there is allusion, in the statement that the king of Babylon "looked upon the liver," to one of the most ancient of all modes of divination
Mitre - In the Authorized Version of Ezekiel 21:26 , this Hebrew word is rendered "diadem," but in the Revised Version, "mitre
Tah'Panhes, Tehaph'Nehes, Tahap'Anes, - a city of Egypt, mentioned in the time of the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel
Magog - In (Ezekiel 38:2 ; 39:6 ) it is the name of a nation, probably some Scythian or Tartar tribe descended from Japheth
Shield - Used in defensive warfare, varying at different times and under different circumstances in size, form, and material (1 Samuel 17:7 ; 2 Samuel 1:21 ; 1 Kings 10:17 ; 1 Chronicles 12:8,24,34 ; Isaiah 22:6 ; Ezekiel 39:9 ; Nahum 2:3 )
Reed - Job 40:21 ; Ezekiel 29:6 , "a reed with jointed, hollow stalk"); (b) "a reed staff, staff," Matthew 27:29,30,48 ; Mark 15:19,36 (cp
River - Genesis 2:10 ; Ezekiel 47 ); figuratively, John 7:38 , "the effects of the operation of the Holy Spirit in and through the believer
Emerald - Tyre imported it from Syria, Ezekiel 27:16
Brimstone - An image of every visitation of God's vengeance on the ungodly, especially of the final one (Deuteronomy 29:23; Job 18:15; Psalms 11:6; Isaiah 34:9; Ezekiel 38:22; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10; Revelation 21:8)
Ludim - They are Africans evidently in Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:4-5; near Phut or Nubia: "the Libyans (Phut) that handle the shield, and the Lydians that handle and bend the bow"; the foot was pressed on the center, and the hands held the two ends, so "handle and bend" are both said
Balance - This same word is translated "measuring reed" in Ezekiel 40:3,5 ; 42:16-18
Calneh - Elsewhere CANNEH (Ezekiel 27:23)
Topaz, - one of the gems used in the high priest's breastplate, (Exodus 28:17 ; 39:10 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ) one of the foundations also of the New Jerusalem, in St
Bashan - It was known as a particularly fertile area (Deuteronomy 32:14 ; Ezekiel 39:18 )
Beth-Jeshimoth - In Joshua 13:20 it is assigned to Reuben; and in Ezekiel 25:9 it is spoken of as belonging to Moab
Adamant - Probably the emery stone or the uncrystallized corundum (Ezekiel 3:9)
Garrison - In Ezekiel 26:11, "thy strong garrisons" (matzeboth uzzeek ) literally, "the statues of thy strength", i
Ashurite - In KJV of Ezekiel 27:6 Ashurites made “benches of ivory” for Tyre
Whale - Ezekiel 32:2 (b) This great fish is a type of the nations that swallowed Israel, will keep them suffering in bondage, and afterwards expel them out of the many countries back into their own land
Ankle - Ezekiel 47:3 (b) The river in this passage is a type of the Holy Spirit, and the ankles represent the walk of the child of GOD
Chain - ...
Ezekiel 7:23 (b) The combination of circumstances and conditions which the Lord would bring upon Israel in punishment are compared to links in a chain to bind His people
Ariel - In the margin of Ezekiel 43:15 , the altar is called the 'lion of God;' but the word is slightly different and is translated by some the 'hearth of God,' the place for offering all sacrifices to God
Picture - The walls in Babylon were ornamented with pictures on enamelled bricks: these seem to be alluded to in Ezekiel 23:14 : cf
Exaction - Ezekiel 45 ...
2
Cane - In 2 Kings 18:21 ; Isaiah 36:6 ; Ezekiel 29:6,7 , the reference is to the weak, fragile nature of the reed
Sinews - Ezekiel 37:6 (b) In this allegory the Lord is describing what we have seen with our own eyes in the restoration of Israel as a political unit
Gods, False - Some of the false gods listed in the Bible are Adrammelech and Anammelech (2 Kings 17:31), Asherah (1 Kings 15:13; 1Ki 18:19), Ashtoreth (1 Kings 11:5; 1Ki 11:33), Baal (1 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 23:7), Baalzebub (2 Kings 1:1-16); Luke 11:19-23), Dagon (Judges 16:23-30), Molech/Moloch (Leviticus 18:21; Lev 20:1-5), Rimmon (2 Kings 5:18, and Tammuz (Ezekiel 8:14)
Whale - The word tannin, Genesis 1:21 ; Job 7:12 ; Ezekiel 32:2 ; and κῆτος Matthew 12:40 ; refer to any sea monsters, without defining any particular one
Chains - " (Ezekiel 16:11) And Paul, the apostle, delighted to call himself the Lord's prisoner
Chit'Tim, Kit'Tim - (Numbers 24:24 ; Isaiah 23::1,12 ; Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ; Daniel 11:30 ) In the above passages, the "isles of Chittim," the "ships of Chittim, the "coasts of Chittim," are supposed to refer to the island of Cyprus
Pillows - To this day in the east they cover the floors of their houses with carpets: and along the sides of the wall or floor, a range of narrow beds or mattresses is often placed upon these carpets; and, for their farther ease and convenience, several velvet or damask bolsters are placed upon these carpets or mattresses,—indulgences that seem to be alluded to by the stretching of themselves upon couches, and by "the sewing of pillows to arm holes,"...
Ezekiel 13:18 ; Amos 6:4
Dung - It is employed in heating ovens, and for other similar purposes, Ezekiel 4:12-16
Fornication - In Ezekiel 16:1-63 , the Jewish church is symbolized as a female infant, growing up to womanhood, and then wedded to Jehovah by covenant
Ruby - The word "rubies" occurs several times in the English Bible, as Job 28:18 ; Proverbs 3:15 ; 8:11 ; but the corresponding word in Hebrew is thought to denote red coral, or perhaps pearls; while the true ruby is more naturally designated by the "agate" or "carbuncle" of Isaiah 54:12 ; Ezekiel 27:16
Brick - (Ezekiel 4:1 ) The Israelites, in common with other captives, were employed by the Egyptian monarchs in making bricks and in building
Alienate - of Ezekiel 14:5 ("estranged") and of the wicked in general, Psalm 58:3
Theophany - Isaiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel, giants among the prophets, saw God in visions (Isaiah 6:1 ; Ezekiel 1:1 ; Daniel 7:9 ). See Exodus 16:10 ; Exodus 33:9-10 ; Ezekiel 10:4 ). God was also manifest in nature and history (Isaiah 6:3 ; Ezekiel 1:28 ; Ezekiel 43:2 )
Lead - So Jehovah's casting of the Jews into fiery affliction avails not to purify them without the breath of God's Holy Spirit (compare Ezekiel 22:18-22). Tyre got it from Tarshish (Ezekiel 27:12)
Harlot - She might attract attention by her clothing, jewelry and make-up (Jeremiah 4:30 ; Ezekiel 23:40 ; Revelation 17:4 ). Her payment might be in money, or it could be in jewelry (Ezekiel 23:42 ) or other items of value (Genesis 38:15-18 ; compare Luke 15:30 )
Bashan - It was noted for mountains ( Psalms 68:15 ), lions ( Deuteronomy 33:22 ), oak trees ( Isaiah 2:13 , Ezekiel 27:6 , Zechariah 11:2 ), and especially cattle, both rams ( Deuteronomy 32:14 ) and bullocks ( Ezekiel 39:18 ); the bulls and kine of Bashan are typical of cruelty and oppression ( Psalms 22:12 , Amos 4:1 )
Javan, - In Isaiah 66:19 Javan is included among the distant countries that will hear of Jahweh’s glory; in Joel 3:6 the sons of the Javanites are referred to as trading in Jewish captives with the Phœnicians and Philistines; in Ezekiel 27:13 Javan, with Tubal and Meshech, is described as trading with Tyre in slaves and vessels of brass. In Ezekiel 27:19 Javan appears a second time among the nations that traded with Tyre; clearly the Ionians are not intended, and, unless the text is corrupt (as is very probable), the reference may be to an Arab tribe, or perhaps to a Greek colony in Arabia
Hoof - ...
Ezekiel 29:4 (a) This figure represents the power of the enemy to subdue and conquer Pharaoh. The same figure applies to Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38:4
Paradise - Compare the Holy Land turned from a garden of Eden into a wilderness, with Israel's wilderness made like Eden the garden of Jehovah (Numbers 24:6; Joel 2:3; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 36:35; contrast Ezekiel 28:13)
Desert - Arabah in the sense of the Jordan valley is translated by the word "desert" only in Ezekiel 47:8 A. "waste places," Isaiah 48:21; Ezekiel 13:4, R
Desert - [1] Arabah in the sense of the Jordan valley is translated by the word "desert" only in (Ezekiel 47:8 ) ...
MIDBAR. It is rendered "desert" in Psal 102:6; Isai 48:21; Ezekiel 13:4 The term commonly employed for it in the Authorized Version is "waste places" or "desolation
Sheol - They saw that all people eventually die and go to sheol, whether they be rich or poor, good or bad (Job 3:13-19; Psalms 88:1-5; Isaiah 38:18; Ezekiel 31:17; Ezekiel 32:18-32; cf. The mysterious, silent, shadowy existence that lay beyond it was not something they looked forward to (Job 10:21-22; Job 17:13-16; Psalms 94:17; Psalms 115:17; Isaiah 14:9-11; Ezekiel 26:19-20). For the wicked, however, sheol would bring nothing but terror (Deuteronomy 32:22; Job 31:11-12; Psalms 55:15; Isaiah 14:19-20; Ezekiel 32:18-32)
Zedekiah - Others who bore the name Zedekiah were a prophet in the court of Ahab (Ezekiel 17:12-217; 1 Kings 2:24), an administrator in the government of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 36:12), a son of Jehoiakim (2 Chronicles 36:11-14) and a false prophet among the Jewish captives in Babylon (Jeremiah 29:21-23). Meanwhile in Babylon, Ezekiel likewise warned of the increased suffering that Zedekiah’s rebellion against Babylon would bring upon Jerusalem (1618529196_11). They then executed his sons in front of him, blinded him and took him in chains to Babylon, where later he died (2 Kings 25:4-7; Ezekiel 12:10-13; Ezekiel 21:25-27...
Graving - Ezekiel 4:1 , engraving a plan or map, rendered "pourtray;" Job 19:23 , "written
Astrologers - These superstitions were prevalent among the Chaldeans, Assyrians, Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Arabians, and were closely connected with the worship of the sun, moon, and stars, Deuteronomy 4:19 17:3 2 Kings 23:5,12 Jeremiah 19:13 Ezekiel 8:16 Zephaniah 1:5
Stone-Squarers - ]'>[2] , that is, men of the Phœnician city of Gebal, mentioned Ezekiel 27:9 , where the ancients and wise men of Gebal are referred to as calkers of ships
Togarmah - In Ezekiel mention is made of ‘the house of Togarmah,’ the members of which traded for the wares of Tyre with horses and mules
Cherub/Cherubim - An interested description of them is given in Ezekiel 1:5-11; Eze 1:13-14
Job - He survived the period of trial for one hundred and forty years, and died in a good old age, an example to succeeding generations of integrity (Ezekiel 14:14,20 ) and of submissive patience under the sorest calamities (James 5:11 )
Eating - The word "eat" is used metaphorically in Jeremiah 15:16 ; Ezekiel 3:1 ; Revelation 10:9
Cutting - We find also references to it, through in a different direction, by Paul (Galatians 6 ; 7 ) and by (Ezekiel 9:4 )
Lentiles - In time of scarcity used with wheat, barley, beans, millet, and fitches, as a substitute for pure flour (Ezekiel 4:9)
Issue - In Ezekiel 23:20 the seminal emission of stallions is one element in a graphic depiction of Judah's idolatry
Beam - In 1 Samuel 17:7 , it means a weaver's frame or principal beam; in Habakkuk 2:11 , a crossbeam or girder; 2 Kings 6:2,5 , a cross-piece or rafter of a house; 1 Kings 7:6 , an architectural ornament as a projecting step or moulding; Ezekiel 41:25 , a thick plank
Blue - The Hebrew word translated “blue” (tekeleth ) is also translated as “purple” (Ezekiel 23:6 ) and “violet” (Jeremiah 10:9 )
Malice - One destructive fruit of sinful human nature is malice – the desire to harm someone or the feeling of pleasure at someone’s misfortune (Psalms 41:5; Ezekiel 25:6; Titus 3:3; 1 Peter 2:1)
Heth - But the race enlarged its borders so that they with the Amorites represent all Canaan (Joshua 1:4; Ezekiel 16:3, "thy father was an Amorite, thy mother an Hittite"
Memphis - It continued to be an important city up till the time of its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 BC (Isaiah 19:13; Jeremiah 44:1; Jeremiah 46:14; Jeremiah 46:19; Ezekiel 30:13; Hosea 9:6)
Contrite - Susceptibility of good impressions, Ezekiel 11:19
Omen - Pagan prophesy employed reading of omens ( Numbers 24:1 NAS, RSV; Ezekiel 21:21 NIV)
Heat - ...
Ezekiel 3:14 (a) Here we find a type of anger, bitterness and hatred
Swaddle (And Forms) - ...
Ezekiel 16:4 (b) Before GOD took Abram to begin a new nation, he and his family were just rough heathen, with no GOD, no hope, and no divine law
Tahpanhes - A city on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, in lower Egypt, and called Tahapanes and Tehaphnehes, Ezekiel 30:18; possibly the Hanes of Isaiah 30:4; Jeremiah 2:16; Jeremiah 43:7-9; Jeremiah 44:1; Jeremiah 46:14
Usury - The exacting of usury is often rebuked, Nehemiah 5:7,10 Proverbs 28:8 Ezekiel 22:12-14
Helbon - This valley is probably the Helbon of Ezekiel 27:18
Peg - Pegs were used: to secure tents (Judges 4:21-22 ; Judges 5:26 ); to hang articles (Isaiah 22:23 ,Isaiah 22:23,22:25 ; Ezekiel 15:3 ); to weave cloth (Judges 16:14 ); even to dig latrines (Deuteronomy 23:13 )
Meribah - It is called "the waters of Meribah," Deuteronomy 33:8 Psalm 81:7 106:32 , and also Meribah-kadesh, Numbers 27:14 Deuteronomy 32:51 Ezekiel 47:19
Vision - Such were the visions of Isaiah, of Amos, of Ezekiel, &c
Beth-Baal-me'on - (Ezekiel 25:9 ) The name is still attached to a ruined place of considerable size a short distance to the southwest of Hesban , and bearing the name of "the fortress of Mi'un, " or Makin
Garrison - (2 Samuel 8:6,14 ; 1 Chronicles 18:13 ; 2 Chronicles 17:2 ) ...
Mattsebah in ( Ezekiel 26:11 ) means a "pillar
Cloud - (Exodus 29:42,43 ; 1 Kings 8:10,11 ; 2 Chronicles 5:14 ; Ezekiel 43:4 ) and was by later writers named Shechinah
Cherethites - The Cherethites and Pelethites were people who lived among the Philistines and who, like the Philistines, probably came originally from Crete (1 Samuel 30:14; Ezekiel 25:16; Zephaniah 2:5; see PHILISTIA)
Armour - The "maul" (Proverbs 25:18 ; cognate Hebrew word rendered "battle-axe" in Jeremiah 51:20 , and "slaughter weapon" in Ezekiel 9:2 ) was a war-hammer or martel. Mageen ) Or small shield ( 1 Kings 10:17 ; Ezekiel 26:8 ). The helmet ( Ezekiel 27:10 ; 1 Samuel 17:38 ), a covering for the head; the coat of mail or corselet (1 Samuel 17:5 ), or habergeon (Nehemiah 416;16 ), harness or breat-plate (Revelation 9:9 ), for the covering of the back and breast and both upper arms (Isaiah 59:17 ; Ephesians 6:14 )
Canaan - (Ezekiel 20:6) So called, not only on account of its fertility and loveliness in point of situation, but more eminently, in having the special presence of the Lord and his ordinances. Moses, and all patriarchs, Ezekiel; and all the prophets, are praises of Canaan, and all describe it as a land "flowing with milk and honey. Ezekiel 20:6; Eze 20:15
Throne - The angelic guardians of his throne are the cherubim, sometimes called ‘living creatures’ (Psalms 80:1; Psalms 93; Isaiah 6:1-3; Ezekiel 1:22; Ezekiel 1:26; Ezekiel 10:20-22; Matthew 5:34; Revelation 4:2; Revelation 4:6; Revelation 5:11-14; see CHERUBIM)
Cedar - According to Scripture, tall (Isaiah 2:13), spreading (Ezekiel 31:3), fit for beams, boards, and pillars (1 Kings 6:10; 1 Kings 6:15; 1 Kings 7:2), masts (Ezekiel 27:5), and carved work as images (Isaiah 44:14). In Ezekiel 27:3 the Septuagint translate "masts of fir," and by "fir" is meant cypress
Harlot - Wealth was lavished upon them ( Ezekiel 16:33 ; Ezekiel 16:39 ; Ezekiel 23:26 etc
Ancestors - People are responsible for their own actions, regardless of what their ancestors might have done (Ezekiel 2:3; Ezekiel 18:1-4; Ezekiel 18:19-20)
Commerce - Palestine supplied Tyre with grain, honey, oil, balm, and wine (Ezekiel 27:17; Acts 12:20). Jerusalem appears in Ezekiel 26:2 as the rival of Tyre, who exulted at the thought of her fall; "she is broken that was the gates (the mart) of the people, she (i
Lightning - ‘light’; bâzâq ( Ezekiel 1:14 ) should probably read bârâq; lappîd , lit. Ezekiel 21:10 , Nahum 3:3 , Habakkuk 3:11 ), and for the glittering weapon itself ( Job 20:25 )
Governments - ‘Governings’ is a word which comes from the idea of a κυβερνήτης, a shipmaster (Acts 27:11, Revelation 18:17) or pilot (Ezekiel 27:8; Ezekiel 27:27-28), directing the course of a ship
Tree - the Lord's parable in Luke 13:6-9 ; see Ezekiel 20:47 , and cp. Ezekiel 21:3 ); (b) of "the cross," the tree being the stauros, the upright pale or stake to which Romans nailed those who were thus to be executed, Acts 5:30 ; 10:39 ; 13:29 ; Galatians 3:13 ; 1 Peter 2:24 ; (c) of "the tree of life," Revelation 2:7 ; 22:2 (twice),14,19, RV, AV, "book
Tarshish - According to Ezekiel 38:13 , it was an important place of trade; according to Jeremiah 10:9 , it exported silver, and according to Ezekiel 27:12,25 , silver, iron, tin, and lead to the Tyrian markets
Oil - See Ezekiel 16:13 . These many uses for oil made the culture of the olive-tree an extensive and lucrative business, 1 Chronicles 27:28 Ezekiel 27:17 Hosea 12:1
Shepherd - Ezekiel 34:11-31) and to the rulers of the nation (Numbers 27:17, 2 Samuel 7:7, 1 Kings 22:17, Jeremiah 2:8; Jeremiah 3:15; Jeremiah 23:1-4, Ezekiel 34:2-10, Zechariah 10:3; Zechariah 11:3 ff; Zechariah 13:5). Especially Ezekiel 34 rebukes these ‘shepherds’ for their neglect of their charge, and ends up (v. Ezekiel 34:23 b) with the prophecy that in the end one shepherd, like unto David the servant of the Lord, will tend them as prince. 3-5, 9, 11), where the above-quoted passages from Jeremiah and Ezekiel are interpreted in a spiritual sense as referring to the duties and responsibilities of the overseer of the Church, viz
Weights And Measures - By comparing 1 Kings 10:17 with 2 Chronicles 9:16 it will be seen that a maneh equals 100 shekels (probably, for the word 'shekels' has been added by the translators); whereas in Ezekiel 45:12 the maneh equals 60 shekels, because the latter would be shekels of the sanctuary. The passage in Ezekiel is obscure, but the sense appears to be that three weights (20,25, and 15 shekels) should be their maneh, which makes, as in the above table, a maneh = 60 shekels. Some modern tables give the maneh as equal to 50 shekels, from the supposition that this is what is meant in Ezekiel 45:12 in the LXX. ??? Ezekiel 45:12 . 620 ' Ezekiel 45:14 . 1012 ' Ezekiel 40:3-8 . In Ezekiel 41:8 is the expression, 'a full reed of six great cubits. This would make Ezekiel's reed to be about 10
Dragon - It is used figuratively in Psalm 74:13 ; Ezekiel 29:3
Hiss - ...
Other nations and cities were also the objects of hissing: Edom (Jeremiah 49:17 ); Babylon (Jeremiah 50:13 ); Tyre (Ezekiel 27:36 ); and Nineveh (Zephaniah 2:15 )
Estate - ]'>[1] , and in Ezekiel 36:11 ‘I will settle you after your old estates,’ i
Sepharvaim - Sibraim of Ezekiel 47:8 may then be the same city
Teman - Ezekiel 25:13 implies that Edom stretches from Teman to Dedan, from which we infer that the former lay in the north-east of the territory claimed by Edom, that is, to the S
Wolf - The wolf was well known in biblical days (John 10:12 ), yet nearly every reference to wolves is in a figurative sense (Genesis 49:27 ; Jeremiah 5:6 ; Ezekiel 22:27 )
Willow - ]'>[1] gharab ‘willow’ or ‘poplar’]; tsaph-tsâphâh , Ezekiel 17:5 Meshech - Drawing out, the sixth son of Japheth (Genesis 10:2 ), the founder of a tribe (1 Chronicles 1:5 ; Ezekiel 27:13 ; 38:2,3 )
Coral - , "high-priced" or valuable things, or, as some suppose, "that which grows high," like a tree (Job 28:18 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ), according to the Rabbins, red coral, which was in use for ornaments
Whore - (See also Ezekiel 16:28)
Leaf - The fresh leaf is a symbol of prosperity (Psalm 1:3 ; Jeremiah 17:8 ; Ezekiel 47:12 ); the faded, of decay (Job 13:25 ; Isaiah 1:30 ; 64:6 ; Jeremiah 8:13 )
Asshur - He probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the form Asshur is sometimes retained (Numbers 24:22,24 ; Ezekiel 27:23 , etc
Beryl - The colour of the wheels in Ezekiel's vision was as the colour of a beryl stone (1:16; 10:9; RSV, "stone of Tarshish"). In Ezekiel 28:13 the LXX
Kedar - ) Ishmael's second son (Genesis 25:13; Isaiah 21:16-17; Isaiah 42:11; Isaiah 60:7; Jeremiah 49:28; Ezekiel 27:21), occupying the pastures and wilds on the N
Solomon, Song of - Compare also Psalm 45 ; Isaiah 54:4-6 ; 62:4,5 ; Jeremiah 2:2 ; 3:1,20 ; Ezekiel 16 ; Hosea 2:16,19,20
Brier - In Ezekiel 2:6 Gesenius translates as margin "rebels"; "though rebellions men like thorns be with thee
Coral - More precious in ancient times than now, when it is more easily procured (Job 28:18; Ezekiel 27:16)
Dross - Both Isaiah 1:22 ,Isaiah 1:22,1:25 and Ezekiel 22:18-19 speak of silver turned to dross as a picture of Israel's lost righteousness
Jasper - The king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13) has the jasper with eight other of the high-priest's 12 precious stones, as type of antichrist who usurps Christ's high-priesthood combined with kingship (Zechariah 6:13)
Beans - In Ezekiel 4:9 we read of beans as being mixed with barley, lentils, millet, and fitches to make bread
Raves - Ezekiel 37:13 (a) This is a picture or a figure of the condition of Israel when scattered among the nations
Chamber - , chambers painted with images, as used by (Ezekiel 8:12 ), is an expression denoting the vision the prophet had of the abominations practised by the Jews in Jerusalem
Fishers - ...
Ezekiel 47:10 (a) This is a striking illustration of the power of the Spirit of GOD to make soul winners out of those who permit Him to dominate their lives
Furnace - Ezekiel 22
Gap - Ezekiel 22
Earring - In Genesis 24:47; Proverbs 11:22; Isaiah 3:21; Ezekiel 16:12, it is as clearly a nose-jewel; while in Judges 8:24-25; Job 42:11; Proverbs 25:12; Hosea 2:13, it is uncertain
Fox - Both animals are cunning, voracious, and mischievous, Ezekiel 13:4; Luke 13:32, are fond of grapes
Badger - Hence many think the "badgers' skins" mentioned Exodus 25:5 ; 26:14 ; Ezekiel 16:10 , and elsewhere, as being used for covering the tabernacle and for shoes, were the skins not of this animal, but of a species of seal found in the Red Sea
Eye - " See also (Ezekiel 23:40 ) A small probe of wood, ivory or silver is wet with rose-water and dipped in an impalpable black powder, and is then drawn between the lids of the eye nearly closed, and leaves a narrow black border, which is though a great ornament
Harlot - See also Jeremiah 3:2 ; Ezekiel 16:24,25,31 ). ...
To commit fornication is metaphorically used for to practice idolatry (Jeremiah 3:1 ; Ezekiel 16:15 ; Hos
Honey - Honey served as a food stuff (Genesis 43:11 ) and as an item of trade (Ezekiel 27:17 ). God's goodness to Jerusalem was expressed by the phrase “you ate honey” (Ezekiel 16:13 )
Fish - ...
Ezekiel 29:4 (b) The king and his people are compared to fish. ...
Ezekiel 47:9 (b) By this is indicated that where the Spirit of GOD has His own way, many souls will be saved
Bands - ...
(IV) The bands tying the yoke to the neck of a beast of burden is the image of the captivity in which Jerusalem and Israel have been held, and from which Christ shall free them at His glorious coming (Ezekiel 34:27; Isaiah 28:22; Isaiah 52:2); also the captivity to Satan of the spiritual Israel, from which Christ releases us. ...
(V) "Bands" means, in Zechariah 11:7, the bond of brotherhood which originally hound together Judah and Jerusalem, severed because of their unfaithfulness to the covenant, but to be restored everlastingly when they shall turn to Messiah (Ezekiel 37:15-28), and when Messiah "shall make them one nation upon the mountains of Israel
Embroider - In Egypt the very sails were so ornamented (Wilkinson, 3:210; Ezekiel 27:7; Ezekiel 27:23-24)
Fountain - Thus the frequency of the Hebrew root En, meaning spring, in place names: En-dor (Joshua 17:11 ); En-eglaim (Ezekiel 47:10 ); En-gannim (Joshua 15:34 ); En-gedi (Joshua 15:62 ); En-haddah (Joshua 19:21 ); En-hakkore (Judges 15:19 ); En-hazor (Joshua 19:37 ); En-rimmon; (Nehemiah 11:29 ); En-rogel and En-shemesh (Joshua 15:7 ); and En-tappuah (Joshua 17:7 ). The blessedness of the endtime includes pictures of fountains flowing from the Temple (Ezekiel 47:1-12 ; Joel 3:18 ), Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:8 ), or the throne of God (Revelation 22:1-2 ) with amazing life-giving powers
Dragon - The second term has four possible uses: (1) “great sea monster” (KJV, “great whales”) in the sense of a large sea creature (Genesis 1:21 ; Psalm 148:7 ), possibly a whale; this sense of tannin as created being may serve as a correction of sense 4; (2) a snake ( Exodus 7:9-10 ,Exodus 7:9-10,7:12 ; Deuteronomy 32:33 ; Psalm 91:13 ); (3) a crocodile (Jeremiah 51:34 ; Ezekiel 29:3 ; Ezekiel 32:3 ); here the beast is used as a symbol of Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon or the Egyptian Pharaoh; (4) a mythological sea monster symbolic of the forces of chaos and evil in opposition to God's creative and redemptive work (Psalm 74:12-14 ; Job 7:12 ; Job 26:12-13 ; Isaiah 27:1 ; Isaiah 51:9-10 )
Veil - Μispachot , the false prophets' magical veils or "kerchiefs" (Ezekiel 13:18; Ezekiel 13:21) which they put over the heads of those consulting them as if to fit them for receiving a response, that they might be rapt in spiritual trance above the world; placed "upon the head of every stature," i
Chaldea - ” As a result, the terms Chaldea(ns) and (Neo-) Babylonia(ns) may be used interchangeably ( Ezekiel 1:3 , RSV, NIV; Ezekiel 12:13 , NIV)
Vision - The vision of prophets such as Isaiah, Amos, Hosea, Micah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and John are representative of this aspect of revelation. In Ezekiel, the words are used literally and metaphorically
Branch - ]'>[2] adds or substitutes another word: Isaiah 18:5 (‘spreading branches’) Isaiah 25:6 (‘song’), Ezekiel 17:3 ; Ezekiel 17:22 (‘top,’ ‘lofty top’), Psalms 80:15 (‘Heb
Lion - ...
(2) kĕphîr , a young strong lion ( Judges 14:6 , Job 4:10 , Ezekiel 19:2 etc. ); and lĕbîyyah ( Ezekiel 19:2 )
Violence - The Exile was likewise God's response to a Jerusalem filled with violence (Ezekiel 7:23 ). Through the prophets God demanded an end to violence (Jeremiah 22:3 ; Ezekiel 45:9 )
Jealousy, - Psalm 79:5 ; Ezekiel 39:25 ; Joel 2:18 ; Zechariah 1:14 ; Zechariah 8:2 . ...
THE IMAGE OF JEALOUSY, which provoketh to jealousy, was seen in a vision by the prophet, set up in the temple (Ezekiel 8:3-5 ), as when Manasseh set up the graven image in the house of Jehovah, 2 Kings 11:7 ; though doubtless by the scope of the prophecy reference is made to secret idolatry in connection with the service of the temple, and to secret idols in the hearts of those who were professedly the worshippers of God: such would assuredly provoke the jealousy of Jehovah
Badger - This word in a plural form occurs, Exodus 25:5 ; Exodus 26:14 ; Exodus 35:7 ; Exodus 35:23 ; Exodus 36:19 ; Exodus 39:34 ; Numbers 4:6 ; Numbers 4:8 ; Numbers 4:10-12 ; Numbers 4:14 ; Numbers 4:25 ; Ezekiel 16:10 ; and is joined with ערת , skins used for the covering of the tabernacle in the wilderness. Aben Ezra thinks it some animal of the bovine kind, of whose skins shoes are made; alluding to Ezekiel 16:10
Jealousy - Thus God's jealousy includes avenging Israel (Galatians 5:20-2111 ; Ezekiel 39:25 ; Nahum 1:2 ; Zechariah 1:14 ; Zechariah 8:2 )
New Moon - Ezekiel says, Ezekiel 45:17 , (see also 1 Chronicles 23:31 2 Chronicles 8:13 ) that the burnt offerings offered on the day of the new moon were to be provided at the king's expense
Rab'Bah - In five passages -- (3:11; 2 Samuel 12:26 ; 17:27 ; Jeremiah 49:2 ; Ezekiel 21:20 ) --it is styled at length Rabbath of the Ammonites, or the children of Ammon; but elsewhere, (Joshua 13:25 ; 2 Samuel 11:1 ; 12:27,29 ; 1 Chronicles 20:1 ; Jeremiah 49:3 ) simply Rabbah. (Ezekiel 21:20 ) From Ptolemy Philadelphus (B
Fish - (Ezekiel 47:10 ) The existence of a regular fish-market is implied in the notice of the fish-gate, which was probably contiguous to it. The most usual method of catching fish was by the use of the net, either the casting net, ( Ezekiel 26:5,14 ; 47:10 ); Habb 1:15 Probably resembling the one used in Egypt, as shown in Wilkinson (iii
Bashan - It was well known for its forests, sheep, and particularly the fine cattle it produced (Deuteronomy 32:14; Psalms 22:12; Isaiah 2:13; Jeremiah 50:19; Ezekiel 27:6; Ezekiel 39:18; Amos 4:1; Micah 7:14)
Cush - It was the southern limit of Egypt (Ezekiel 29:10 , A. It stands also associated with Elam (Isaiah 11:11 ), with Persia (Ezekiel 38:5 ), and with the Sabeans (Isaiah 45:14 ). Ezekiel speaks (29:10; comp 30:4-6) of it as lying south of Egypt
Ink - The inkhorn is also mentioned in Scripture: "And one man among them was clothed with linen, with a writer's inkhorn by his side," Ezekiel 9:2 . Shaw informs us, that, among the Moors in Barbary, "the hogas, that is, the writers, or secretaries, suspend their inkhorns in their girdles; a custom as old as the Prophet Ezekiel, Ezekiel 9:2
Book - a roll of a book" (Ezekiel 2:8-9), meaning, Appropriate its contents in thy mind so entirely that it shall become part of thyself (Ezekiel 3:2). " the Israelites who came up out of Egypt were entered in a muster roll of the living citizens, called "the writing of the house of Israel," "the book of life" (Ezekiel 13:9)
Salt Sea - ), in Deuteronomy 4:49 ; 2 Kings 14:25 ; 'the East Sea' in Ezekiel 47:18 ; Joel 2:20 ; and simply, 'the Sea' in Ezekiel 47:8 . Ezekiel 47:1-10
Salt - (See also Ezekiel 43:24). (See also Judges 9:45 where Abimelech used it as a curse; see also Ezekiel 47:11; Zephaniah 2:9). ...
Ezekiel 16:4 (b) The story in this chapter reveals that there was no period of preparation in the forming of the nation of Israel
Amorites - ...
Amorite culture laid at the root of Jerusalem's decadence, according to Ezekiel (Ezekiel 16:3 ,Ezekiel 16:3,16:45 ); and Amorite idolatry tainted the religion of the Northern and Southern Kingdoms (1 Kings 21:26 ; 2 Kings 21:11 )
Rabbah - Ammon's chief city, its only city named in Scripture, in contrast to the more civilized Moab's numerous cities (Deuteronomy 3:11; 2 Samuel 12:26; 2 Samuel 17:27; Jeremiah 49:2; Ezekiel 21:20). Ezekiel (Ezekiel 21:20) depicts Nebuchadnezzar's divination to decide whether he should attack Jerusalem or Rabbah the first. It has become as foretold "a stable for camels, a couching place for flocks a desolate heap" (Ezekiel 25:5)
Wing - ...
Ezekiel 1:6 (b) These wings are emblematic of the great activity of the Lord JESUS, and the speed with which He works His will. ...
Ezekiel 10:12 (a) These are the same wings referred to in Ezekiel 1:6. ...
Ezekiel 17:3 (b) The wings mentioned on these two eagles described in the passage represent speed, swiftness and ability in progress
Sanctuary - , refuge) of faithful Israelites in distress (Isaiah 8:14 ; Ezekiel 11:16 ). ...
Although the Hebrew term miqdas [ Numbers 10:21 ), it most often refers to open air or housed sanctuaries as whole units, whether they be foreign "sanctuaries" (Isaiah 16:12 ; Ezekiel 28:18 ), multiple Israelite sanctuaries (whether illegitimate, Leviticus 26:31 ; Ezekiel 21:2 ; Amos 7:9,13 , or legitimate, e. , Ezekiel 37:26,28 ; 44:9-16 ). ...
Like miqdas [1]) which is the "Most Holy Place"), where the ark of the covenant was located
Tam'Muz - ( Ezekiel 8:14 ) Jerome identifies Tammuz with Adonis, of Grecian mythology, who was fabled to have lost his wife while hunting, by a wound from the tusk of a wild boar
te'Man - (Jeremiah 49:7,8 ; Ezekiel 25:13 ) Eusebius and Jerome mention Teman as a town in their day distant 15 miles from Petra, and a Roman post
Eagle - The figure of the "eagle" is used in Ezekiel 17 to represent the great powers of Egypt and Babylon, as being employed to punish corrupt and faithless Israel
Weights - ...
...
Ma'neh, "a part" or "portion" (Ezekiel 45:12 ), equal to 60 shekels, i
Sun - It is something God has created, and therefore it must not become an object of worship (Deuteronomy 4:19; Psalms 136:7-9; Ezekiel 8:16-18; Romans 1:18-23)
Thebes - But these defences were not able to withstand the Assyrians, who in 663 BC plundered and destroyed the city (Ezekiel 30:14-16; Nahum 3:8-10)
Barley - Barley flour was used to make bread (Judges 7:13 ; Ezekiel 4:12 ) and was the kind of bread Jesus used to feed the multitude (John 6:9 ,John 6:9,6:13 )
Stumbling Block - It is used of idols (Ezekiel 7:19 ), of God's work with faithless people (Jeremiah 6:21 ), and of God Himself in relation to His people (Isaiah 8:14 )
Fitches - kussemeth , Ezekiel 4:9 , in AVm Knife - We also read of sacrificial knives ( Genesis 22:6 ; Genesis 22:10 , Ezra 1:9 ), of ‘a barber’s knife’ or razor ( Ezekiel 5:1 ), and of a scribe’s knife ( Jeremiah 36:23 EV on - It is regarded as the same as BETH-SHEMESH in Jeremiah 43:13 , and as AVEN in Ezekiel 30:17 ; and is supposed to be alluded to in Isaiah 19:18 ; see margin
Potter's Field - Or it is possible that as the Jews anciently placed Jeremiah at the beginning of the Book of the Prophets (Ezekiel, Isaiah, and the twelve minor prophets following), 'Jeremiah' may have been a sort of heading for the whole
Kindle - ...
Ezekiel 20:47 (b) This represents the forming of GOD's wrath against those who rejected His Lordship and refused His sovereignty
Eschatology - But some that are more prominently eschatological are Daniel, Ezekiel, Isaiah, Joel, Zechariah, Matthew, Mark, Luke, 2Thessalonians, and of course Revelation
High Places - The people called them Bamah, or, perhaps more properly, Bamoth, (See Ezekiel 20:29) Those places were continued to the days of Christ, and called Proseuchy, or prayer-houses
Aven - a city of Egypt, afterward called Heliopolis, and On, Ezekiel 30:17
Obadiah - Some think that he was contemporary with Hosea, Amos, and Joel; while others are of opinion that he lived in the time of Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and that he delivered his prophecy about B
Ivory - (1 Kings 10:18 ; 2 Chronicles 9:17 ) The ivory thus employed was supplied by the caravans of Dedan, (Isaiah 21:13 ; Ezekiel 27:15 ) or was brought, with apes and peacocks, by the navy of Tarshish
Lentil - Genesis 25:34 ; 2 Samuel 17:28 ; 2 Samuel 23:11 ; Ezekiel 4:9 , a sort of pulse; in the Septuagint φακος , and Vulgate lens
Adamant - The word occurs also in Ezekiel 3:9 , and Zechariah 7:12
Gomer - Genesis 10:2,3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ; Ezekiel 38:6 , a son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah
Gebal - It was an important place, Ezekiel 27:9 , and the seat of the worship of Thammuz
Dedan - They are also named with the merchants of Tarshish by Ezekiel 38:13 , and were celebrated on account of their trade with the Phoenicians
Gold - A well-known valuable metal, found in many parts of the world, and obtained anciently in Ophir, Job 28:16 ; Parvaim, 2 Chronicles 3:6 ; Sheba, and Raamah, Ezekiel 27:22
Badgers' Skins - ), and materials for making sandals ( Ezekiel 16:10 )
Dove - The dove's rapidity of flight is alluded to in (Psalm 55:6 ) the beauty of its plumage in (Psalm 68:13 ) its dwelling int he rocks and valleys in (Jeremiah 48:28 ) and Ezekiel 7:16 Its mournful voice in ( Isaiah 38:14 ; 59:11 ; Nahum 2:7 ) its harmlessness in (Matthew 10:16 ) its simplicity in (Hosea 7:11 ) and its amativeness in (Song of Solomon 1:15 ; 2:14 ) Doves are kept in a domesticated state in many parts of the East
Sadducees - His descendants long played the leading part among the priests, so that Ezekiel regarded them as the only legitimate priests ( Ezekiel 40:46 ; Ezekiel 43:19 ; Ezekiel 44:15 ; Ezekiel 48:11 )
Adultery - Hence idolatry, covetousness, and apostasy are adultery spiritually (Jeremiah 3:6; Jeremiah 3:8-9; Ezekiel 16:82; Hosea 1; 2; 3; Revelation 2:22). An apostate church, the daughter of Jerusalem becoming the daughter of Babylon, is an adulteress (Isaiah 1:21; Ezekiel 23:4; Ezekiel 23:7; Ezekiel 23:37). Compare as to Israel (Αholah ), and Judah (Αholibah ), Ezekiel...
23
Mining And Metals - All these are again enumerated in Ezekiel 27:12-13 ; Ezekiel 27:22 as articles of Tyrian commerce. ...
Lead is mentioned in Jeremiah 6:29 , Ezekiel 22:18-22 in connexion with the smelting of silver (see ‘Silver’ below). Among the sources of the metal, Arabia ( 2 Chronicles 9:14 ) and Tarshish ( 2 Chronicles 9:21 , Jeremiah 10:9 , Ezekiel 27:12 ) are named. Isaiah 48:10 ), Proverbs 17:3 ; Proverbs 25:4 ; Proverbs 27:21 , Zechariah 13:9 , Malachi 3:3 , and especially in Jeremiah 6:28-30 and Ezekiel 22:17-22 . It is mentioned as an article of Tyrian commerce in Joshua 5:2-3 , and as an impurity in silver in Ezekiel 22:18 (cf. ]'>[4] , Ezekiel 27:12 RV [4] , Isaiah 5:28 ; Isaiah 50:7 , Ezekiel 3:9 )
Dan (2) - Arabia from whence the Phoenicians obtained wrought iron, cassia, and calamus (Ezekiel 27:19). But probably, as Judah is mentioned in Ezekiel 27:17, so Dan in Ezekiel 27:19 represents northern Israel
Firstfruits - The prophets insist on this duty (Ezekiel 20:40; Ezekiel 44:30; Ezekiel 48:14; Malachi 3:8)
Amorites - This was also the view of the prophet Amos ( Amos 2:9-10 ), and, in part, of Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 16:8 ; Ezekiel 16:45 )
Feet - Thus Ezekiel mourned for his wife. (Ezekiel 24:17) And Moses was commanded at the bush to put off his shoes, in token that the ground where he then stood was holy ground. (Judges 3:24) "To open the feet to every one that passed by," was an expression of whoredom (Ezekiel 16:25) These phrases serve to throw a light upon the subject in general
Apries - ...
Apries had made a league with Zedekiah, and promised him assistance, Ezekiel 17:15 . Ezekiel reproaches Egypt severely with this baseness, and says that it had been a staff of reed to the house of Israel, and an occasion of falling; for when they took hold of it by the hand, it broke and rent all their shoulder. He therefore prophesies that Egypt should be reduced to a solitude, and that God would send against it the sword, which would destroy in it man and beast, Ezekiel 29
Chief - Ayil is one who holds official power ( Exodus 15:15 ; 2 Kings 24:15 ; Ezekiel 17:13 ; Ezekiel 32:21 ). Nagid is a leader ( 1 Chronicles 23:22 ; 2 Chronicles 11:11 ; Isaiah 55:4 ; Jeremiah 20:1 ; Ezekiel 28:2 )
Salt - It well-known preservative qualities, and its importance as a seasoning for food, Job 6:6 , are implied in most of the passages where it is mentioned in Scripture: as in the miraculous healing of a fountain, 2 Kings 2:21 ; in the sprinkling of salt over the sacrifices consumed on God's altar, Leviticus 2:13 Ezekiel 43:24 Mark 9:49 ; and its use in the sacred incense, Exodus 30:35 . See also Ezekiel 16:4 . 9 ; Ezekiel 47
Edom - Ezekiel 35:5 . ...
The Greek form of Edom is IDUMEA,which occurs only in Isaiah 34:5,6 ; Ezekiel 35:15 ; Ezekiel 36:5 ; Mark 3:8
Buckler - ...
...
A large shield protecting the whole body (Psalm 35:2 ; Ezekiel 23:24 ; 26:8 )
Bullock - It is also rendered "cow" (Ezekiel 4:15 ), "ox" (Genesis 12:16 )
Tammuz - TAMMUZ ( Ezekiel 8:14 ) was a Babylonian god whose worship spread into Phœnicia
Market-Place - This word occurs in the Old Testament only in Ezekiel 27:13
Maktesh - So Jerusalem is compared to a pot in Ezekiel 24:3,6: "set on a pot
Frost - kerah, from its smoothness) Job 37:10 (RSV, "ice"); Genesis 31:40 ; Jeremiah 36:30 ; rendered "ice" in Job 6:16,38:29 ;; and "crystal" in Ezekiel 1:22
Flour - Fine flour was a luxury item (2 Kings 7:1 ; Ezekiel 16:13 ; Revelation 18:13 ) such as might be baked as bread for an honored guest (Genesis 18:6 ; 1 Samuel 28:24 )
Topaz - The king of Tyre wore it; among the nine of the 12 jewels of the high priest's breast-plate; as type of antichrist who shall usurp Christ's king priesthood (Ezekiel 28:13)
Drunk - The word is used figuratively, when men are spoken of as being drunk with sorrow, and with the wine of God's wrath (Isaiah 63:6 ; Jeremiah 51:57 ; Ezekiel 23:33 )
Garrison - ...
The KJV has garrisons at Ezekiel 26:11 where modern translations have a reference to pillars in honor of the gods of Tyre
Teman - Ezekiel 25:13 translated "I will make it desolate from Teman (in the S
Kiriathaim - The Moabites controlled the city during the Exile (Jeremiah 48:1 ,Jeremiah 48:1,48:23 ; Ezekiel 25:9 )
Siege - Ezekiel 4:1 describes the prophet's symbolic act of building a miniature city of Jerusalem under siege
Elishah - The eldest ‘son’ of Javan ( Genesis 10:4 ), whence the Tyrians obtained the purple dye ( Ezekiel 27:7 )
Ability - Ezekiel 2
Appointment - Ezekiel 6
Clothe - ...
Ezekiel 16:10 (b) Here is an illustration of the way the Lord enriched Israel and took her from being a base nation to make her a glorious people
Sabeans - In Ezekiel 23:42 the chethib reads 'drunkards,' as in the margin of the A
Ashes - The penitent and the afflicted might also sit ( Job 2:8 , Jonah 3:6 ) or even wallow in ashes ( Jeremiah 6:25 , Ezekiel 27:30 )
Hadadrimmon - An equally good translation would be ‘as the mourning for Hadadrimmon,’ and it has been plausibly conjectured that it is the weeping for Tammuz referred to in Ezekiel 8:14 , that is here meant
Hearing - Ezekiel 9 ...
4
Incense - Ezekiel 8
Calamus - The Latin for cane, Hebrew Kaneh , Mentioned ( Exodus 30:23 ) as one of the ingredients in the holy anointing oil, one of the sweet scents (Song of Solomon 4:14 ), and among the articles sold in the markets of Tyre (Ezekiel 27:19 )
Perizzite - The Hebrew perezot , "unwalled country villages" or "towns," were inhabited by peasants engaged in agriculture like the Arab fellahs (Deuteronomy 3:5; 1 Samuel 6:18; Ezekiel 38:11; Zechariah 2:4)
Symbols - Ezekiel, Daniel, and the Revelation are especially full of them
Heaven - Properly speaking, it means a mountain, as in Psalms 102:19; Ezekiel 17:23
Crystal - The word rendered "crystal" in Ezekiel 1:22, is elsewhere "ice" or "frost
Esau - His family has become extinct, "cut off forever," so that there is none "remaining of the house of Esau," Obadiah 1:18; Jeremiah 49:17; Ezekiel 25:13, and "the things of Esau" have been "so searched out and his hidden things sought up," Obadiah 1:6, "that not a relic can be found in their ancient dwellings
Syene - Ezekiel 29:10 , describing the desolation to be brought upon Egypt, says, "Therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will make the land of Egypt utterly desolate, from the tower of Syene even to the border of Cush," or Arabia or, as some read it, "from Migdol to Syene," implying, according to either version of the passage, the whole length of the country from north to south
Dan, City of - ...
In Ezekiel 27:19 occurs in the A
Son of Man - The term son of man is applied to Ezekiel and Daniel, meaning merely "man," as it does in Numbers 23:19; Job 25:6; Psalms 8:4, etc
Turtle-Dove - Or Turtle, the Columba Turtur; a distinct bird from the common dove or pigeon, smaller and differently marked, and having a soft and plaintive note, Isaiah 59:11 Ezekiel 7:16
Gog And Magog - In Ezekiel 38:1-23 ; 39:1-29 , Magog apparently signifies a country with its people, and Gog the king of that people; but critics are much divided as to the people and country intended under these names
Balm, or More Properly, Balsam - It is very costly, and is still in the highest esteem among the Turks and other oriental nations, both as a medicine and as a cosmetic for beautifying the complexion, Genesis 37:25 ; Jeremiah 51:8 ; Ezekiel 27:17
Physicians - They gave their attention to external rather than to internal injuries and diseases, Isaiah 1:6 Ezekiel 30:21 ; though they also prescribed for internal and mental disorders, 1 Samuel 16:16 2 Chronicles 16:12
Thigh - Smiting the thigh was a gesture of self-condemnation and grief, Jeremiah 31:19 Ezekiel 21:12
Ivory - shenhabbim, the "tusks of elephants") was early used in decorations by the Egyptians, and a great trade in it was carried on by the Assyrians (Ezekiel 27:6 ; Revelation 18:12 )
Chain - In (Ezekiel 16:11 ) the chain is mentioned as the symbol of sovereignty
Pot - ( Leviticus 6:28 ; Ezekiel 4:9 ) ...
Dud , a vessel for culinary purposes, perhaps of smaller size
Crimes And Punishments - Often the phrase “cut off” is used in parallel with words or phrases or in contexts which clearly indicate death (Exodus 31:14 ; Deuteronomy 12:29 ; Deuteronomy 19:1 ; 2 Samuel 7:9 ; 1 Kings 11:16 ; Jeremiah 7:28 ; Jeremiah 11:19 ; Ezekiel 14:13 ,Ezekiel 14:13,14:17 ,Ezekiel 14:17,14:19 ,Leviticus 7:20-21:21 ; Ezekiel 14:19,147 ; Ezekiel 25:7 ; Ezekiel 29:8 ; Amos 1:5 ,Amos 1:5,1:8 ; Amos 2:3 ; Obadiah 1:9-10 ; Nahum 3:15 ; Zechariah 13:8 )
Persia - Pharas, pure, or tigers? Ezekiel 38:5. The term is generally applied in Scripture to the Persian empire, but in Ezekiel 38:5 it designates Persia proper
Riblah - ...
Riblah should be read for Diblah in Ezekiel 6:14 . Ezekiel 6:14 as above corrected
Zidon - This city was famous for its manufactures and arts, as well as for its commerce (1 Kings 5:6 ; 1 Chronicles 22:4 ; Ezekiel 27:8 ). It is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2,4,12 ; Jeremiah 25:22 ; 27:3 ; 47:4 ; Ezekiel 27:8 ; 28:21,22 ; 32:30 ; Joel 3:4 )
Firmament - The firmament is mentioned nine times in Genesis, the Psalms, Ezekiel, and Daniel. It is described as bright, transparent like crystal, revealing the handiwork of God, and signifying His seat of power ( Psalm 19:1 ; Psalm 150:1 ; Ezekiel 1:22 ; Daniel 12:3 )
Diadem - Mitsnepheth is the turban of the high priest ( Exodus 28:4 ,Exodus 28:4,28:39 ) or king (Ezekiel 21:26 ). ...
The word “diadem” was used in a metaphorical sense of the prudent person (Proverbs 14:18 ), of justice (Job 29:14 ), of God (Isaiah 28:5 ), of God's presence (Ezekiel 21:26 ), and of Jerusalem (Isaiah 62:3 )
Winds - (Ezekiel 37:9 ; Daniel 8:8 ; Zechariah 2:6 ; Matthew 24:31 ) The north wind, or, as it was usually called "the north," was naturally the coldest of the four, Sirach 43:20 and its presence is hence invoked as favorable to vegetation in ( Song of Solomon 4:16 ) It is described in (Proverbs 25:23 ) as bringing rain; in this case we must understand the northwest wind. (Job 27:21 ; 38:24 ; Psalm 48:7 ; Isaiah 27:8 ; Ezekiel 27:26 ) In Palestine the east wind prevails from February to June
Javan - Its commerce in "the persons of men (slaves) and vessels of brass" with Tyre is mentioned Ezekiel 27:13. In Ezekiel 27:19 Javan is a Greek settlement in Arabia
Ivory - From the resemblance of its tusks to horns Ezekiel 27:15 has "horns of ivory. In Ezekiel 27:6 we read "the Ashurites have made thy (Tyre's) benches of ivory, brought out of the isles of Chittim"; rather, as the Hebrew orthography requires, "they have made thy (rowing) benches of ivory, inlaid in the daughter of cedars" or "the best boxwood" (bath ashurim ), from Cyprus and Macedonia, from whence the best boxwood came (Pliny)
Foundation - It is a natural metaphor for the ultimate basis on which a thing rests ( Job 4:19 , Ezekiel 13:14 , Luke 6:48 ). In Psalms 11:3 ; Psalms 75:3 ; Psalms 82:5 , Ezekiel 30:4 , the idea is applied metaphorically to the ‘fundamental’ principles of law and justice on which the moral order rests
Memphis - The Egyptian name Menfi (in Hebrew Noph , Isaiah 19:13 , Jeremiah 2:16 ; Jeremiah 44:1 ; Jeremiah 46:14 ; Jeremiah 46:19 , Ezekiel 30:13 ; Ezekiel 30:16 ; once Moph , Hosea 9:5 ), was apparently taken from that of the palace and pyramid of Pepy 1
New Life - Ezekiel prophesied the gift of a new heart and a new spirit (Ezekiel 36:26 )
Mother - ...
Ezekiel 19:2 (a) The strong, able founders of Israel are compared to a mother lion. ...
Ezekiel 23:2 (a) This type probably refers to the one kingdom which existed under Solomon
Bashan - Isaiah 2:13 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ;Zechariah 11:2 . ...
BULLS OF BASHAN are figurative of strong ruthless enemies, Amos 4:1 , whom God in the coming judgement on Gog will crush, and will call for the fowls and the beasts to come and feed upon their flesh and their blood, Ezekiel 39:18 : and lastly, when the blessed Lord was on the cross, His description of His vindictive enemies includes the strong bulls of Bashan which beset Him around, and gaped upon Him with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion
Hittites - Hittites evidently, therefore, were in the neighborhood: they were subsequently in the mountainous region near the Amorites and Jebusites, Numbers 13:29; Joshua 11:3; and were perhaps some of the original inhabitants of Jerusalem, Ezekiel 16:3; Ezekiel 16:45, as well as in the neighborhood of Bethel
Forehead - Mark on the, Ezekiel 9:4 . It is alluded to in these words of Ezekiel, where the Almighty commands his angels to "go through the midst of the city, and set a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh for the abominations committed in the midst thereof
Copper - " Bochart is of opinion that this is the ...
chasmal of Ezekiel 1:27 , the χαλκολιβανον of Revelation 1:15 , and the electrum of the ancients. Ezekiel 27:13 , speaks of the merchants of Javan, Jubal, and Meshech, as bringing vessels of nehesh (copper) to the markets of Tyre
Lion - Shepherds, as David, sometimes singly encountered it, and prevailed (1 Samuel 17:34-35; Amos 3:12); oftener in bands, frightening him with shouts into a pit covered over with reed or branches lightly, to entrap it (Ezekiel 19:4; Ezekiel 19:8-9). Captured lions were caged, which illustrates the image in Ezekiel 19:9. The first of the four living creatures was like a lion (Revelation 4:7, compare Ezekiel 1:10), the kingly aspect of Messiah in Matthew
Thebes - ( Jeremiah 46:25 ; Nahum 3:8 ) Ezekiel uses No simply to designate the Egyptian seat of Amon. ( Ezekiel 30:14,16 ) [1] its origin and early allusions to it. Ezekiel proclaims the destruction of Thebes by the arm of Babylon, ( Ezekiel 30:14-16 ) and Jeremiah predicted the same overthrow, (Jeremiah 46:25,26 ) The city lies to-day a nest of Arab hovels amid crumbling columns and drifting sands
High Places - Bamoth, the Hebrew for "high places," became so common that the term was used for a shrine in a valley or a city (2 Kings 17:9; Ezekiel 16:31; Jeremiah 7:31). In Ezekiel 20:29, I said . what is the high place whereunto ye go?...
And the name thereof is called Bamah unto this day," the sense is, You ought to have long since put away the name, and the high place which it expresces; the very name implies it is not sanctioned by Me; therefore your sacrifice even to ME in it (much more to idols) is only a "provocation" to Me (Ezekiel 20:28). In Ezekiel 16:16," of thy garments thou didst take and deckedst thy high places with divers colors," the sense is: as a harlot spreading her tent of divers colors to lure victims, so Israel set up on the high places, not stone chapels, but tents hung with colored tapestry, as the "woven hangings of (Asherah) Astarte" (the right translation for "grove") (2 Kings 23:7)
Face - It is used of the front of a house ( Ezekiel 41:14 ), of a porch ( Ezekiel 40:15 , Ezekiel 41:25 ), of a throne ( Job 26:9 ). ]'>[7] substitutes ‘nose,’ in Ezekiel 38:18 ‘nostrils
Handicraft - ( 1 Kings 5:18 ; Ezekiel 27:9 ) The large stones used in Solomon's temple are said by Josephus to have been fitted together exactly without either mortar or clamps, but the foundation stones to have been fastened with lead. (Genesis 11:3 ) The wall "daubed with untempered mortar" of (Ezekiel 13:10 ) was perhaps a sort of cob-wall of mud or clay without lime, which would give way under heavy rain. ( Exodus 35:20,26 ; Leviticus 19:19 ; 22:11; 2 Kings 23:7 ; Ezekiel 16:16 ; Proverbs 31:13,14 ) The loom with its beam, (1 Samuel 17:7 ) pin, (Judges 16:14 ) and shuttles (Job 7:6 ) was perhaps introduced later, but as early as David's time. ( Numbers 6:5,19 ; Ezekiel 5:1 ) ...
Tentmakers are noticed in ( Acts 18:3 ) ...
Potters are frequently alluded to
Hammer - A hammer-like weapon was also used in battle (Jeremiah 51:20 “shatterer” NAS margin; Ezekiel 9:2 “shattering weapon”)
Consolation - Even as God destroyed Jerusalem, He provided consolation in the person of faithful survivors (Ezekiel 14:22-23 )
Hiss - Ezekiel 27
Nose, Nostrils - for anger ( Genesis 27:45 , and very often), Ezekiel 8:17 refers to the custom of putting a twig to the nose, apparently in idolatrous worship, the significance of which is now obscure
Earrings - In describing His loving relationship with Israel, God said He had put a ring in her nose and earrings on her ears (Ezekiel 16:12 )
Slander, Talebearing - Ezekiel 22:9 in AV Ashes - To eat ashes expresses great sorrow, Psalm 102:9 ; and to be reduced to them is a figure of complete destruction, Ezekiel 28:18 ; Malachi 4:3 ; to feed on them tells of the vanities with which the soul may be occupied
Fir - Its wood was used in making musical instruments and doors of houses, and for ceilings (2 Chronicles 3:5 ), the decks of ships (Ezekiel 27:5 ), floorings and spear-shafts (Nahum 2:3 , RSV)
Brier - ...
...
Ezekiel 28:24 , Sallon' , properly a "prickle," such as is found on the shoots of the palm tree
Tamar -
A place mentioned by (Ezekiel 47:19 ; 48:28 ), on the southeastern border of Palestine
Shekinah - The Shekinah became particularly associated with God’s symbolic presence in the tabernacle and later the temple (Exodus 40:34-35; 1 Kings 8:11; Ezekiel 44:4)
Mezuzah - At the beginning of the new year blood was to be applied to the doorposts of the temple to make atonement for it (Ezekiel 45:19 )
Furnace - God's stubbornly rebellious people are pictured as “rejected silver” (Jeremiah 6:30 ) and as dross, the waste product of the smelting process (Ezekiel 22:17-22 )
Oholah And Oholibah - Two sisters who were harlots ( Ezekiel 23:1-49 )
Branch - Spreading branches can symbolize fruitfulness and prosperity (Genesis 49:22 ; Job 8:16 ; Psalm 80:11 ), while withered, burnt, or cut branches symbolize destruction (Job 8:16 ; Isaiah 9:14 ; Jeremiah 11:16 ; Ezekiel 15:2 )
Chittim - The references elsewhere made to Chittim (Isaiah 23:1,12 ; Jeremiah 2:10 ; Ezekiel 27:6 ) are to be explained on the ground that while the name originally designated the Phoenicians only, it came latterly to be used of all the islands and various settlements on the sea-coasts which they had occupied, and then of the people who succeeded them when the Phoenician power decayed
Fir - It was a tree of large growth ( 2 Kings 19:23 , Ezekiel 31:8 ); evergreen ( Hosea 14:8 ); a chief element in the glory of Lebanon ( Isaiah 60:13 ); associated with cedars ( Psalms 104:16-17 , Isaiah 14:8 , Zechariah 11:2 )
Liver - The only scriptural mention of the practice concerns the king of Babylon (Ezekiel 21:21 )
Evening - We read in Ezekiel 24:18 "in the evening, my wife died, and in the morning I did as I was commanded
Corrupt - ...
Ezekiel 20:44 (a) Here is described the wicked actions and sinful practices of the people of Israel, and these are compared to things that are rotten, spoiled and decayed
Scorpion - ...
Ezekiel 2:6 (a) The word is used to describe the terrible wickedness and the evil scourge of Israel at this time
Dragon - The figurative use of this term, as in Psalms 74:13; Ezekiel 29:3; Revelation 12:3; Revelation 20:2, is quite obvious
Nest - , 1 Chronicles 28:2 , "the building;" Ezekiel 37:27 , "(My) tabernacle
Throne - See also Isaiah 6:2-4 ; Ezekiel 1:1 - 28
Towers - Were erected not only in the outer walls and on the heights within cities, Judges 9:47-49 Psalm 48:12 Luke 13:4 , but along the frontiers of a country, at points where the approach of an enemy could be descried at a distance, Judges 9:17 Isaiah 21:6-9 Ezekiel 33:2-6
Jeho-i'Achin - (Jeremiah 29:2 ; Ezekiel 17:12 ; 19:9 ) There he remained a prisoner, actually in prison and wearing prison garments, for thirty-six years, viz
Girdle, - A finer girdle was made of linen, (Jeremiah 13:1 ; Ezekiel 16:10 ) embroidered with silk, and sometimes with gold and silver thread, (Daniel 10:5 ; Revelation 1:13 ; 15:6 ) and frequently studded with gold and precious stones or pearls
Iron - The merchants of Dan and Javan brought it to the market of Tyre (Ezekiel 27:19 )
Oak - , 2 Samuel 18:14 , 1Ki 13:14 , 1 Chronicles 10:12 , Isaiah 1:30 , Ezekiel 6:13 , Hosea 4:13 ; (Vale of) Elah’ Mourning - Noisy, violent, and demonstrative in the East as it is among the Irish, Highlanders, and Welsh; beating the breast or the thigh (Ezekiel 21:12), cutting the flesh (Jeremiah 16:6), weeping with a loud cry, wearing dark colored garments, hiring women as professional mourners (Ecclesiastes 12:5; Matthew 9:23; Amos 5:16),"skillful in lamentation" (Jeremiah 9:17), singing elegies, having funeral feasts and the cup of consolation (Jeremiah 16:7-8). In the open streets and upon the housetops (Isaiah 15:2-3); stripping off ornaments (Ezekiel 24:16-18); stripping the foot and some other part of the body (Isaiah 20:2). ...
So Aaron in the case of Nadab and Abihu (Leviticus 10:2-6); Ezekiel for his wife (Exodus 33:4); "the bread of men" is that usually brought to mourners by friends in sympathy
Banking - ...
Old Testament The law protected the poor by forbidding a Jew to charge interest to a fellow Jew (Exodus 22:25 ; Leviticus 25:35:38 ; Deuteronomy 23:19-20 ; compare Psalm 15:5 ; Proverbs 28:8 ; Ezekiel 18:8 ,Ezekiel 18:8,18:13 ; Ezekiel 22:12 )
Neomenia - Ezekiel says that the burnt-offerings offered on the day of the new moon were provided at the king's expense, and that on this day was to be opened the eastern gate of the court of the priests, Ezekiel 45:17 ; Ezekiel 46:1-2 ; 1 Chronicles 23:31 ; 2 Chronicles 8:13
Banking - ...
Old Testament The law protected the poor by forbidding a Jew to charge interest to a fellow Jew (Exodus 22:25 ; Leviticus 25:35:38 ; Deuteronomy 23:19-20 ; compare Psalm 15:5 ; Proverbs 28:8 ; Ezekiel 18:8 ,Ezekiel 18:8,18:13 ; Ezekiel 22:12 )
Pharaoh - So Ezekiel in harmony with the secular historian describes him as a great crocodile in his rivers, saying, "my river is mine own, and I have made it for myself" (Ezekiel 29:3). Ezekiel (Ezekiel 29-32) foretold the conquest of Pharaoh and invasion of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar. In Ezekiel 30:21, "I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt . it shall not be bound up"; Ezekiel's prophecy (Ezekiel 30:13), "there shall be no more a prince of
Angel - Genesis 32:4 (3), Ezekiel 3:1-60 , Judges 6:35 , Isaiah 33:7 , Malachi 1:1 ), as well as to superhuman beings. ...
( d ) In Ezekiel , angels, under this designation, are never mentioned, though the angelology of this book ehows considerable development; other names are given to them, but their main function, viz. messengers of God, is the same as in the earlier books; for example, in Ezekiel 2:2 it is a ‘spirit,’ instead of an ‘angel,’ who acts as an intermediary being, see, too, Tob 12:6-15 ff. , Ezekiel 11:5 ff. ; in Ezekiel 8:1 ff. , Ezekiel 40:1 a vision is attributed to ‘the hand of the Lord’; in Ezekiel 40:3 ff. , it is a ‘man’ of a supernatural kind who instructs the prophet; and again, in Ezekiel 9:5 ff. , ‘men,’ though clearly not of human kind (see Ezekiel 9:11 ), destroy the wicked in Jerusalem. different orders of angels are for the first time mentioned ( Ezekiel 2:3-4 , Daniel 3:23 , Ezekiel 4:1 ). Michael ( Daniel 10:13 , Ezekiel 12:1 ), Gabriel ( Daniel 8:16 ), and there are special angels (‘princes’) who fight for special nations ( Daniel 10:20-21 ). In Ezekiel 3:12 there are some important details, here an angel instructs in manner of life, but more striking is the teaching that he brings to remembrance before God the prayers of the faithful, and that he superintends the burial of the dead;* Jehoiachin - The correctness of eighteen, not eight, is proved by Ezekiel 19:5-9, where he appears as "going up and down among the lions, catching the prey, devouring men, knowing the widows" (margin) of the men so devoured; unless Jehoiakim is meant. In 2 Kings 15:16 "men of might" (anshey hachail ) may mean the same, but nowsh is a low man; I think therefore it means "men of the army," as in Ezekiel 37:10, and is defined by "all that were strong and apt for war," 7,000. heads of tribes and families found in Jerusalem (including the nation's spiritual heads, priests and prophets, with Ezekiel: Jeremiah 29:1; Ezekiel 1:1) must have been 2,000, to make up the "ten thousand. Ezekiel dates his prophecies by Jehoiachin's captivity, the latest date being the 27th year (Ezekiel 1:2; Ezekiel 29:17; Ezekiel 40:1)
Amorites - " Ezekiel 16:3 , God reminds the Jews that they were naturally no more worthy of divine favor than the worst of the heathen Canaanites
Amber - ...
The Hebrew word chasmil is translated by the Septuagint and Vulgate electrum, that is, amber, because the Hebrew denotes a very brilliant amber-like metal, composed of silver and gold, which was much prized in antiquity, Ezekiel 1:4,27 ; 8:2
Pan - The "iron pan" mentioned in Ezekiel 4:3 (marg
Birth - As soon as a child was born it was washed, and rubbed with salt (Ezekiel 16:4 ), and then swathed with bandages (Job 38:9 ; Luke 2:7,12 )
Head-Dress - Ezekiel 16:10 and Jonah 2:5 are to be understood of the turban wrapped round the head
Rameses (ra'Amses) - Rameses was also apparently known as Zoan (Psalms 78:12; Psalms 78:43), which from 1085 to 660 BC was the capital of Egypt (Isaiah 19:11; Isaiah 19:13; Isaiah 30:4; Ezekiel 30:14)
Tadmor - In 1 Kings 9:18 , where the word occurs in the Authorized Version, the Hebrew text and the Revised Version read "Tamar," which is properly a city on the southern border of Palestine and toward the wilderness (Compare Ezekiel 47:19 ; 48:28 )
Gilead, Balm of - The region of Gilead abounded in spices and aromatic gums, which were exported to Egypt and Tyre (Genesis 37:25 ; Jeremiah 8:22 ; 46:11 ; Ezekiel 27:17 )
Weaving, Weavers - The Egyptians were specially skilled in it (Isaiah 19:9 ; Ezekiel 27:7 ), and some have regarded them as its inventors
Zoan - Zoan is not mentioned in Genesis, but elsewhere ( Psalms 78:13 ; Psalms 78:43 , Isaiah 19:11 ; Isaiah 19:13 , 30, Ezekiel 30:14 ) it appears as almost or quite the capital of Egypt, perhaps as being the royal city nearest to the frontier
Usury, - (Leviticus 25:36,37 ; Ezekiel 18:8,13,17 ) We find the rate reaching 1 in 100 per month, corresponding to the Roman centisimae usurae , or 12 per cent
Whirlwind - Ezekiel 10:13 translated "it was cried unto them whirling"; they were called to put themselves into rapid revolution
en-Gedi - The Shulammite compares her beloved to henna flowers in En-gedi ( Song of Solomon 1:14 ); and in Ezekiel’s idealistic vision of the healing of the Dead Sea waters, a picture is drawn of fishers here spreading their nets ( Ezekiel 47:10 )
Incense - ‘smoke,’ and so used in Isaiah 1:13 , Psalms 66:15 ; Psalms 141:2 ; used for a definite substance, Leviticus 10:1 , Ezekiel 8:11 etc
Chain - It is used as a symbol of sovereignty (Ezekiel 16:11 )
Hermon - 1 Chronicles 5:23 ; Song of Solomon 4:8 ; Ezekiel 27:5 ); and once it was called SION
Beast - , where it should be 'living creatures,' as in Ezekiel
Sin (1) - ) Pelusium (Ezekiel 30:15-16), the strength of Egypt, its frontier fortress on the N. " Ezekiel's prophecy "Sin shall have great pain" was fulfilled in the Persian Cambyses' great cruelty to the Egyptians after conquering Psammenitus near Pelusium
Scorpion - Common in the Sinai wilderness, typifying Satan and his malicious agents against the Lord's people (Deuteronomy 8:15; Ezekiel 2:6; Luke 10:19)
Standard - If this were so, the same characters appear in the faces of the living creatures in Ezekiel 1:10 and in Revelation 4:4-7
Tear (Verb) - ...
Ezekiel 13:20 (b) GOD will remove false cults, false religions and false faiths on which people lean, and in which they trust for comfort and consolation
Earring - " (Ezekiel 16:12) And certain it is, that when the Lord Jesus is going forth in the graces of his Holy Spirit, to make his people willing in the day of his power; he doth all this and infinitely more
Eden - A region conquered by the Assyrians, 2 Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12; probably in Mesopotamia, near modern Balis, and same as the Eden of Ezekiel 27:23
Treasure - So they say, a treasure of corn, of wine, of oil, of honey, Jeremiah 41:8 ; treasures of gold, silver, brass, Ezekiel 28:4 ; Daniel 11:43
Togarmah - Bochart is for Cappadocia: he builds upon what is said in Ezekiel 27:14 , "They of the house of Togarmah traded in thy fairs," that is, at Tyre, "with horses and horsemen and mules
Coral - ראמות , Job 28:18 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ; a hard, cretaceous, marine production resembling in figure the stem of a plant, divided into branches
Weaving - Wool was extensively used for ordinary clothing, Leviticus 13:47; Proverbs 27:26; Proverbs 31:13; Ezekiel 27:18; while for finer work flax was used, varying in quality, and producing the different textures described in the Bible as "linen" and "fine linen
Obadiah - It cannot indeed be decided with certainty when he lived, but it is probable that he was contemporary with Jeremiah and Ezekiel, who denounced the same dreadful judgments on the Edomites, as the punishment of their pride, violence, and cruel insulting over the Jews after the destruction of their city
Molech, Moloch, or Milcom - The Israelites also introduced the worship of this idol, both during their wanderings in the desert, and after their settlement in Palestine, 2 Kings 23:10 Ezekiel 20:26,31
Brass - "Brass" is used to describe drought, insensibility, baseness, and obstinacy in sin, Leviticus 26:19 Deuteronomy 28:23 Isaiah 48:4 Jeremiah 6:28 Ezekiel 22:18
Linen - Four different words in Hebrew are translated in our Bible, "Linen," "fine linen," and "silk:" PISHTAH, Judges 15:14 Ezekiel 44:17,18 ; BAD, worn by the priests, Exodus 28:42 39:28 , and by king David, etc
Weights - Ezekiel 45:12 , speaking of the ordinary weights and measures used in traffic among the Jews, says that the shekel weighed twenty gerahs: it was therefore equal to the weight of the sanctuary
Famine - But all natural causes are under the control of God; and he often so directs them as to chastise the rebellious with want, 2 Kings 8:1-2 Ezekiel 6:1 Matthew 24:7
Tale - Ezekiel 22 ...
5
Require - Ezekiel 34
en'-Gedi - (Ezekiel 47:10 ) Its original name was Hazezon-tamar, on account of the palm groves which surrounded it
Heaven - Properly speaking it means a mountain as in (Psalm 102:19 ; Ezekiel 17:23 ) ...
Shechakim , "expanses," with reference to the extent of heaven
Leviathan - " The king of Egypt is symbolized by the "dragons" and "leviathan" (compare Ezekiel 32:2; Ezekiel 29:3); he and his host at their overthrow in the Red Sea became a spoil to Israel (compare "bread for us," Numbers 14:9) "in the wilderness
Ammonite - The subsequent events of their history are noted in 2 Chronicles 20:25 ; 26:8 ; Jeremiah 49:1 ; Ezekiel 25:3,6 . The prophets predicted fearful judgments against the Ammonites because of their hostility to Israel (Zephaniah 2:8 ; Jeremiah 49:1-6 ; Ezekiel 25:1-5,10 ; Amos 1:13-15 )
Merchant - Ezekiel 27:12-25 recounts the activities of the merchants of Tyre in full. The prophets railed against the pride which accompanied merchants' material successes (Isaiah 23:1 ; Ezekiel 27:1 )
Sword - The Hebrew word also designates an iron tool (“axes,” Ezekiel 26:9 ) or a chisel (“tool,” Exodus 20:25 ). The word was used as a metaphor for war (Jeremiah 14:15 ; Matthew 10:34 ); the sword was an instrument of divine justice (Ezekiel 21:3 ; Revelation 1:16 )
Horse - Horses were obtained also from Egypt ( Isaiah 31:1 ; Isaiah 31:3 , Ezekiel 17:15 ). The equipment of horses is mentioned in the Bible the bit and bridle ( Psalms 32:9 , Proverbs 26:3 ), bells of the horses ( Zechariah 14:20 ), and ‘precious clothes for chariots’ ( Ezekiel 27:20 )
Images - Ezekiel 16:17 f. They might be painted ( Wis 13:14 ; Wis 15:4 ), dressed up ( Jeremiah 10:9 , Ezekiel 16:18 ), crowned and armed ( Bar 6:9 ; Bar 6:15 )
Armageddon - Perhaps John designated it Mount Megiddo as a clue to its symbolic meaning, drawing together the historic place of conflict in Israel's history with the prophecies of Ezekiel that speak of the great eschatological conflict taking place in the mountains of Israel (Ezekiel 39:2,4,17 )
Bruise - ...
Ezekiel 23:3, Ezekiel 23:8 (b) This indicates clearly that the people of Israel when carried into Egypt were permitting and promoting lustful and wicked relations with the Egyptians
Cubit - ...
In Ezekiel 41:8 we read of a 'great cubit,' and in the commencement of the description of the future temple the reed is described as being "six cubits long by the cubit and a handbreadth. " Ezekiel 40:5
Heart - "The prophets prophesy out of their own heart," Ezekiel 13:2 ; that is, according to their own imagination, without any warrant from God. The heart expresses also the middle part of any thing: "Tyre is in the heart of the seas," Ezekiel 27:4 ; in the midst of the seas
Cherubim - , Psalm 18:10 ; Ezekiel 28:4 . So with the vision of the cherubim in Ezekiel 10:1-20 ; 11:22
Ethiopia - The region it occupied is today the northern part of Sudan (Isaiah 18:1-2; Jeremiah 13:23; Ezekiel 29:10; for map of the region see EGYPT). Writers frequently used its name poetically to symbolize the unlimited extent of God’s sovereign rule (Psalms 68:31; Isaiah 11:11; Ezekiel 30:4-5; Zephaniah 3:10)
Protevangelium - In the LXX Septuagint mâshâl is nearly always rendered παραβολή, even when a proverb is clearly meant (1 Samuel 10:12; 1 Samuel 24:13 (14), 1 Kings 4:32 (28), Ezekiel 12:22-23; Ezekiel 18:2-3; in some of these places Aq
Water - The Book of Genesis uses water as a symbol of instability before the completion of creation (Genesis 1:2 ), and Ezekiel spoke of water as a symbol of renewal in the age to come (Ezekiel 47:1-12 ). For example, in the Old Testament water is a metaphor or simile for fear (Joshua 7:5 ), death (2 Samuel 14:14 ), sin (Job 15:16 ), God's presence (Psalm 72:6 ), marital fidelity (Proverbs 5:15-16 ), the knowledge of God (Isaiah 11:9 ), salvation (Isaiah 12:3 ), the Spirit (Isaiah 44:3-4 ), God's blessings (Isaiah 58:11 ), God's voice (Ezekiel 43:2 ), God's wrath (Hosea 5:10 ), and justice (Amos 5:24 )
Human Sacrifice - Both Jeremiah and Ezekiel condemn such offerings as an abomination to God (Jeremiah 7:31-32 ; Jeremiah 19:5-6 ; Ezekiel 16:20-21 ; Ezekiel 20:31 )
Bee - , which Jacob sent Joseph, and which the Tyrians brought from Palestine (Ezekiel 27:17). The commonness of honey in Palestine as an article of diet appears in 2 Samuel 17:29; 2 Kings 14:3; Jeremiah 41:8; Ezekiel 16:13; Ezekiel 16:19
Bed - " Often used as couches in the day (Ezekiel 23:41; Esther 7:8). In Ezekiel 13:18, "Woe to the women that sew pillows to all armholes" ("elbows") the allusion is to false prophetesses making their dupes rest on elbow cushions in fancied ecstasy, a symbol of the "peace" they falsely promised (Ezekiel 13:16)
Garden - Biblical references include cedar, cypress, and fruit trees (Ecclesiastes 2:5 ; Ezekiel 31:8 ); vegetables (KJV “herbs”; Deuteronomy 11:10 ); fragrant spices such as myrrh and balsam (Song of Genesis 3:23-244 ; Song of Song of Solomon 5:1 );...
flowers such as lilies (Song of Song of Solomon 6:2 ); and a wide variety of other plants—mint, rue (Luke 11:42 ), dill, cummin (Matthew 23:23 ), and mustard (Luke 13:19 ). Following their sin, Adam and Eve were banished from the garden; but “Eden the garden of God” (Ezekiel 28:13 ) continued as a symbol of blessing and bounty (Ezekiel 36:35 ; Joel 2:3 )
War - (2 Samuel 2:28 ; 18:16 ; 20:22 ) The siege of a town or fortress was conducted in the following manner: A line of circumvallation was drawn round the place, (Ezekiel 4:2 ; Micah 5:1 ) constructed out of the trees found in the neighborhood, (20:20) together with earth and any other materials at hand. On this mound or bank towers were erected, (2 Kings 25:1 ; Jeremiah 52:4 ; Ezekiel 4:2 ; 17:17 ; 21:22 ; 26:8 ) whence the slingers and archers might attack with effect. Battering-rams , ( Ezekiel 4:2 ; 21:22 ) were brought up to the walls by means of the bank, and scaling-ladders might also be placed on it
Vine, - This latter mode of cultivation appears to be alluded to by Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 19:11,12 ) The vintage, which formerly was a season of general festivity, began in September. (Numbers 22:24 ; Nehemiah 4:3 ; Song of Solomon 2:15 ; Ezekiel 13:4,5 ; Matthew 21:33 ) Within the vineyard was one or more towers of stone in which the vine-dressers lived
Molech - ...
The practice of offering children as human sacrifice was condemned in ancient Israel, but the implication is clear in the Old Testament that child—sacrifice was practiced by some in Israel (2 Kings 21:6 ; 2 Kings 23:10 ; 2 Chronicles 28:3 ; Psalm 106:38 ; Jeremiah 7:31 ; Jeremiah 19:4-5 ; Ezekiel 16:21 ; Ezekiel 23:37 ,Ezekiel 23:37,23:39 )
Oaths - Violation of an oath was serious and could not be disregarded (Ecclesiastes 5:4-524 ,Ezekiel 17:13,17:16 ,Ezekiel 17:16,17:18-19 )
Castle - ...
Tirah refers to a stone wall used for protection around a camp of tents ( Genesis 25:16 ; Numbers 31:10 ; Psalm 69:25 ; Ezekiel 25:4 ). Compare 1 Chronicles 6:54 ; Ezekiel 46:23 . Battle axes were used to break down such towers (Ezekiel 26:9 )
Vine - ...
Ezekiel 17:6 (b) This vine is probably the apostate Kingdom of Israel. It is a wonderful allegory which is described in verses Ezekiel 17:12- 18. (See also Isaiah 5:2; Jeremiah 2:21; Ezekiel 15:2)
Number - ...
Four is used in reference to the 4 winds, ( Daniel 7:2 ) and the so-called 4 corners of the earth; the creatures, each with 4 wings and 4 faces, of Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 1:5 ) ff. (Ezekiel 40:47 ) ...
Three was regarded, by both the Jews and other nations as a specially complete and mystic number
Adultery - The Old Testament prophets repeatedly spoke of Israel’s unfaithfulness to God as spiritual adultery, or spiritual prostitution (Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 23:10; Ezekiel 16:30-38; Ezekiel 23:4-5; Ezekiel 23:11; Hosea 9:1; see PROSTITUTION)
Rod - ...
Ezekiel 7:10 (a) This probably describes the great wickedness of Israel in their pride and self- sufficiency, thinking they could live without GOD, and could prosper under idolatrous rule. ...
Ezekiel 19:14 (a) In this lamentation we are told that there is no leader among the people of GOD who is worthy to rule. ...
Ezekiel 20:37 (a) As sheep enter the sheepfold through the gate, and are counted under the rod as they enter, so GOD will look after each one of His people, and none of those who are His own sheep will ever be overlooked. ...
Ezekiel 21:10 (c) It may be that the meaning of it is that GOD's wrath will not be hindered by the power of the rulers of Israel
Vengeance - On occasion, the enemies of the people of God are described as acting vengefully (Ezekiel 25:12 ,Ezekiel 25:12,25:15 ,Ezekiel 25:15,25:17 ). The wrath of God was exhibited toward Babylon ( Jeremiah 51:6 ,Jeremiah 51:6,51:11 ,Jeremiah 51:11,51:36 ; Isaiah 47:3 ; Ezekiel 24:7-9 )
Pride - , the "pride" of the land of Israel [1] or, God's "pride/majesty/excellency" [2]), its negative sense predominates, occurring in sixty-one texts. There is pride of the eyes (Psalm 101:5 ; Isaiah 5:15 ); of the heart (Ezekiel 28:2,5,17 ); of the spirit (Proverbs 16:18 ; Ecclesiastes 7:8 ); and of one's mouth/speech (1 Samuel 2:3 ). ...
Fifteen Old Testament texts (NIV ) contain the word "arrogance, " nearly half of them (7) in the prophets (Isaiah 2:17 ; 9:9 ; 13:11 ; Jeremiah 13:15 ; 48:29 ; Ezekiel 7:10 ; Hosea 5:5 ; 7:10 ). When the prophets accuse Israel of pride (Jeremiah 13:9 ; Ezekiel 7:10,20 ; 16:56 ; Hosea 5:5 ; 7:10 ; Amos 6:8 ; 8:7 ; Zephaniah 2:10 ), the word hybristes [ ὑβριστής ]'>[5] connotes a wanton, insolent person
Lion - They are to be seen in connection with the character of CHRIST, both in Ezekiel and in the Revelation. On the top of these posts there appear the four figures which Solomon mentions and which are also mentioned in Ezekiel - the lion, the ox, the man, the eagle. ...
Ezekiel 1:10 (b) This is one of the types of the Lord JESUS in which His great strength, power, majesty and sovereignty are represented. ...
Ezekiel 19:2 (a) The nation of Israel was compared to this animal
Tables of Measures Weights And Money in the Bible - Ezekiel 40:3; Ezekiel 40:5,...
1 Roman foot,...
11 64/100...
5 Roman feet = 1 Roman pace,...
10 ¼...
6¼ Roman ft. Ezekiel 45:14,. Ezekiel 45:12...
9,...
300...
60 manehs = Kikkar (Heb
Zedekiah - 3405, 2 Chronicles 36:13 ; Ezekiel 17:12 ; Ezekiel 17:14 ; Ezekiel 17:18 . Thus were accomplished two prophecies which seemed contradictory: one of Jeremiah, who said that Zedekiah should see and yet not see, Nebuchadnezzar with his eyes, Jeremiah 32:4-5 ; Jeremiah 34:3 ; and the other of Ezekiel 12:13 , which intimated that he should not see Babylon, though he should die there
Light - This seems to contain a reference to the glory and splendour which shone in the holy of holies, where Jehovah appeared in the luminous cloud above the mercy seat, and which none but the high priest, and he only once a year, was permitted to approach unto, Leviticus 16:2 ; Ezekiel 1:22 ; Ezekiel 1:26 ; Ezekiel 1:28 ; but this was typical of the glory of the celestial world. " ...
Ezekiel 27:7-8
Clouds - Clouds symbolize fluidity and transitoriness (Job 30:15 ; Isaiah 44:22 ; Hosea 6:4 ), massive expansion and height (Psalm 36:5 ; Ezekiel 38:9 ,Ezekiel 38:9,38:16 ). Dark clouds overshadow the judgment day of Yahweh, which the prophets announced (Ezekiel 30:3 ,Ezekiel 30:3,30:18 ; Joel 2:2 ; Zephaniah 1:15 )
Vine - The pruned branches were useless except to be used as fuel (Ezekiel 15:2-8 ). The vines for the most past were allowed to run on the ground, though occasionally they might climb a nearby tree (compare Psalm 80:8-10 ; Ezekiel 15:2 ; Ezekiel 19:11 ). As the dead wood of a vine is good for nothing but fuel, so the inhabitants of Jerusalem would be consumed (Ezekiel 15:1-8 ; Ezekiel 19:10-14 )
Temple - But the temple at Babylon is alluded to, Psalms 132:1-185; Ezekiel 47:1-2379; the temple of Diana at Ephesus, Acts 19:27; the temple of God, 2 Corinthians 6:16, meaning the saints, and the temple in the Holy City—the New Jerusalem. The temple seen by Ezekiel in vision is very fully described, and is supposed by some to be a figure of the actual temple. See Ezekiel 40:1-49; Ezekiel 41:1-26; Ezekiel 42:1-20; Ezekiel 43:1-27; Ezekiel 44:1-31; Ezekiel 45:1-25; Ezekiel 46:1-24; 1618529196_3
Isaiah - To these we may add, that there is such sweetness in the poetical composition of his sentences, whether it proceed from art or genius, that, if the Hebrew poetry at present is possessed of any remains of its native grace and harmony, we shall chiefly find them in the writings of Isaiah: so that the saying of Ezekiel may most justly be applied to this prophet:—...
"Thou art the confirmed exemplar of measures, Full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. " ...
Ezekiel 28:12 . The prophet, after predicting the liberation of the Jews from their severe captivity in Babylon, and their restoration to their own country, Ezekiel 28:1-3 , introduces a chorus of them, expressing their surprise and astonishment at the sudden downfall of Babylon, and the great reverse of fortune that had befallen the tyrant, who, like his predecessors, had oppressed his own, and harassed the neighbouring kingdoms. These oppressed kingdoms, or their rulers, are represented under the image of the fir trees and the cedars of Libanus, which is frequently used to express any thing in the political or religious world that is supereminently great and majestic: the whole earth shouts for joy; the cedars of Libanus utter a severe taunt over the fallen tyrant, and boast their security now he is no more, Ezekiel 28:4-8 . This is followed, Ezekiel 28:9 , by one of the boldest and most animated personifications of hades, or the regions of the dead, that was ever executed in poetry. These illustrious shades rise at once from their couches as from their thrones; and, advancing to the entrance of the cavern to meet the king of Babylon, they insult and deride him on being reduced to the same low state of impotence and dissolution with themselves, Ezekiel 28:10-11 . The Jews now resume the speech, Ezekiel 28:12 ; they address the king of Babylon as the morning star fallen from heaven, as the first in splendour and dignity, in the political world fallen from his high state: they introduce him as uttering the most extravagant vaunts of his power and ambitious designs in his former glory; these are strongly contrasted, in the close, with his present low and abject condition, Ezekiel 28:13-15 . They accost him with the severest taunts, and bitterly reproach him with his destructive ambition, and his cruel usage of the conquered; which have deservedly brought upon him this ignominious treatment, so different from what those of his high rank usually meet with, and which shall cover his posterity with disgrace, Ezekiel 28:16-20 . To complete the whole, God is introduced, declaring the fate of Babylon; the utter extirpation of the royal family, and the total desolation of the city; the deliverance of his people, and the destruction of their enemies; confirming the irreversible decree by the awful sanction of his oath, Ezekiel 28:21-26
Tahpanhes - TAHPANHES ( Jeremiah 2:16 ; Jeremiah 43:7 ff; Jeremiah 44:1 ; Jeremiah 46:14 , Ezekiel 30:18 ( Tehaphnehes ), in Jdt 1:9 AV Ammonites - The children of Ammon afterwards, at various times, troubled the Israelites, for which the prophets threatened them with divine judgments, Jeremiah 46:1-6 Ezekiel 25:2-10
Daughter-in-Law - In Ezekiel 22:11 this crime illustrates the moral decline of the nation
Hanging - " Such curtained structures for idolatrous worship are also alluded to in Ezekiel 16:16
Ethio'Pia - ( Ezekiel 29:10 ) The Hebrews do not appear to have had much practical acquaintance with Ethiopia itself, though the Ethiopians were well known to them through their intercourse with Egypt
Flesh - As suggesting the idea of softness it is used in the expression "heart of flesh" (Ezekiel 11:19 )
Oil - It was one of the most valuable products of the country (Deuteronomy 32:13 ; Ezekiel 16:13 ), and formed an article of extensive commerce with Tyre (27:17)
Mount - Palestine is a hilly country (Deuteronomy 3:25 ; 11:11 ; Ezekiel 34:13 )
Stones, Precious - (Ezekiel 27:16 ) The merchants of Sheba and Raamah in south Arabia, and doubtless India and Ceylon supplied the markets of Tyre with various precious stones
Measure - " (f) Mithkoneth and token, Ezekiel 45:11
Corn - ...
From the time of Solomon, corn began to be exported from Palestine ( Ezekiel 27:17 ; Amos 8:5 )
Shekel - The "shekel of the sanctuary" (Exodus 30:13 ; Numbers 3:47 ) was equal to twenty gerahs (Ezekiel 45:12 )
Zoan - Extensive mounds of ruins, the wreck of the ancient city, now mark its site (Isaiah 19:11,13 ; 30:4 ; Ezekiel 30:14 )
Right, Right Hand, Right Side - ; Ezra 10:19 ; Ezekiel 17:18 ; figuratively, Lamentations 5:6 ; it is often so used in the papyri; (c) metaphorically of "power" or "authority," Acts 2:33 ; with ek, signifying "on," followed by the genitive plural, Matthew 26:64 ; Mark 14:62 ; Hebrews 1:13 ; (d) similarly of "a place of honor in the messianic kingdom," Matthew 20:21 ; Mark 10:37
South - " In Ezekiel 20:46 ((21:1 in Heb
Ambassador - This is also the rendering of Melits , Meaning "an interpreter," in 2 Chronicles 32:31 ; and of Malak , A "messenger," in 2 Chronicles 35:21 ; Isaiah 30:4 ; 33:7 ; Ezekiel 17:15
Wheat - It was exported from Palestine in great quantities (1 Kings 5:11 ; Ezekiel 27:17 ; Acts 12:20 )
Watches - Ministers or teachers are also spoken of under this title (Jeremiah 6:17 ; Ezekiel 33:2-9 ; Hebrews 13:17 )
Badger - The tabernacle was covered with badgers' skins; the shoes of women were also made of them (Ezekiel 16:10 )
Gog And Magog - In Ezekiel 38-39 , Gog of the land of Magog is the leader of the forces of evil in an apocalyptic conflict against Yahweh. ...
Ezekiel's prophecy is apparently built on Jeremiah's sermons against a foe from the north (Jeremiah 4-6 ). Ezekiel's historical reference may have been Gyges, king of Lydia, who asked Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria, for help in 676 B
Haran - It was a trade partner of Tyre (Ezekiel 27:23 )
Shaphan - The ‘Jaazaniah, son of Shaphan,’ denounced in Ezekiel 8:11 as ringleader in idolatry, was possibly, but not certainly, a son of the same Shaphan
Shield - (Ezekiel 39:9 ) It was frequently cased with metal, either brass or copper; its appearance in this case resembled gold when the sun shone on it, 1 Maccabees 6:39 and to this, rather than to the practice of smearing blood on the shield we may refer the redness noticed by
Sanctify, Sanctification - God sanctified Israel as His own special nation (Ezekiel 27:28)
Lebo-Hamath - Whatever its precise location, Lebo-hamath represented the northern boundary of Canaan promised to Israel (Numbers 13:21 ; compare Ezekiel 48:1 ), not conquered by Joshua (Joshua 13:5 ; Judges 3:3 ), controlled by David (1 Chronicles 13:5 ) and Solomon (1 Kings 8:65 ), and restored to Israel by Jeroboam II about 793-753 B
Valley - Nahal is a wadi, that is the bed of a stream which is often dry ( Numbers 34:5 ; Psalm 124:4 ; Ezekiel 48:28 )
Jealousy - The conception of idolatry as adultery and of Jehovah as the Husband of Israel led the OT writers frequently to speak of Him as a jealous God ( Exodus 20:5 , Deuteronomy 5:9 , Joshua 24:19 , 1 Kings 14:22 , Psalms 78:58 , Ezekiel 36:6 , Nahum 1:2 )
Kir - It has been identified with Kur , a river flowing into the Caspian Sea; with Cyropolis ; with the Syrian province of Cyrrhestica ; with Cyrene ; with Kurenia in Media; with Kuris , north of Aleppo; with Koa of Ezekiel 23:23 , which has been supposed to be the same as the Gutium of the Bab
Old Testament - The Prophets—Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah Ezekiel, and the Twelve Minor Prophets—continue with the nation in the land of Palestine until the Exile and includes prophetic messages delivered to the nation
Leaf, Leaves - Ezekiel's vision of the new Jerusalem included trees whose leaves never wither and whose leaves have healing power (Ezekiel 47:12 ; compare Revelation 22:2 )
Wolf - Ezekiel 22:27 (a) It was a most unhappy situation that existed when the leaders became beasts to destroy the people over whom they were supposed to rule beneficently
Blossom - ...
Ezekiel 7:10 (b) As the blossom is an evidence of future fruitfulness, so on a rod it indicates the coming of GOD's punishment on His people
Endure - ...
Can thy heart endure, or thy hands be strong? Ezekiel 22
Forbear - ...
Ezekiel 2
Gird - Ezekiel 16
Jehoiachin - Ezekiel, who seems to have regarded him as the rightful king of Judah even in captivity, pronounced a dirge over him ( 2 Kings 19:1 ff
Pestilence - ” The word occurs fewer than 60 times in the Old Testament, and mainly in the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel
Abomination - The idols themselves are thus designated: 2 Kings 23:13 ; Isaiah 44:19 ; and Ezekiel 8
Arrow - Ezekiel 21:21 , informs us, that Nebuchadnezzar, putting himself at the head of his armies, to march against Zedekiah, king of the Jews, and against the king of the Ammonites, stood at the parting of two ways, to mingle his arrows together in a quiver, in order to divine from thence which way he should march
Dragon - That it sometimes has this meaning, he thinks is clear from Ezekiel 29:3 : "Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers
Reed - The Hebrew word in these places is קנה , as also in Job 40:21 ; Isaiah 19:6 ; Isaiah 35:7 ; Ezekiel 29:6
Carbuncle - ברקת , Exodus 28:17 ; Exodus 39:10 ; Ezekiel 28:13 ; and ανθρεξ , Ecclesiastes 32:5; Tob_13:17 ; a very elegant and rare gem, known to the ancients by the name ανθραξ , or coal, because, when held up before the sun, it appears like a piece of bright burning charcoal: the name carbunculus has the same meaning
Sanctuary - ...
The temple or earthly sanctuary is an emblem of heaven, Psalm 102:19 Hebrews 9:1,24 ; and God himself is called a sanctuary, Isaiah 8:14 Ezekiel 11:16 , in reference to the use of temples as a place of refuge for fugitives, because he is the only safe and sacred asylum for sinners pursued by the sword of divine justice
Conduit - The same Hebrew word refers to a trench built up to conduct water flow (1 Kings 18:32-38 ; Job 38:25 ; Ezekiel 31:4 )
Balm - A product of Gilead ( Genesis 37:25 ; Genesis 43:11 ), celebrated for its healing properties ( Jeremiah 8:22 ; Jeremiah 46:11 ; Jeremiah 51:8 ), and an important article of commerce ( Ezekiel 27:17 )
Eating - ...
To "eat" a book, is to make its precepts, promises, and spirit one's own, Jeremiah 15:16 Ezekiel 3:1 John 4:14 Revelation 10:9
Scorpion - Ezekiel 2
ha'Zer, - Ezekiel 47:17 ; 48:1 ...
HAZAB GADDAH (village of fortune ), one of the towns in the southern district of Judah, ( Joshua 15:27 ) named between Moladah and Heshmon
Son of Man - God addresses Daniel (Daniel 8:17) once, Ezekiel so about 80 times, to remind him of his human lowliness and frailty, as "man lower than the angels," though privileged to enjoy visions of the cherubim and of God Himself, "lest he should be exalted through the abundance of the revelations" (2 Corinthians 12:7). The divine Son appeared to him "as the appearance of a man above upon the throne" (Ezekiel 1:26). As others are "sons of God," but He "the Son of God," so others are "sons of man" (Ezekiel 2:1; Ezekiel 2:3) but He "the Son of man" (Matthew 16:13), being the embodied representative of humanity and the whole human race; as on the other hand He is the bodily representative of "all the fullness of the Godhead" (Colossians 2:9). Ezekiel, as type of "the Son of man" whose manifestation he records, is appropriately designated "son of man
Uzal - A place named in Ezekiel 27:19 (RVm Hunt - ...
The tools of the hunter include bows and arrows (Genesis 21:20 ; Genesis 27:3 ), nets (Job 18:8 ; Ezekiel 12:13 ), snares or pitfalls (Job 18:8 ), if the term does not refer to part of the net (NAS, NIV, REB); traps, snares, ropes (Job 18:9-10 ). Ezekiel 13:17-23 pictures women practicing magical arts as fowlers ensnaring the people
Zedekiah - Ezekiel 17:3-20 ); but Egypt was defeated, and then Nebuchadnezzar pushed on the siege of Jerusalem. " Ezekiel 12:13
Pastor - But whereas the shepherd-leaders of Israel were often concerned only for themselves (Ezekiel 34:2-6), the Christian’s example of a shepherd-leader, Jesus Christ, gave himself for the flock (Matthew 9:36; Matthew 10:6; John 10:1-15; 1 Peter 5:1-4). Ezekiel 34:2-6)
Spices - Some spices were grown locally, but many were imported from the East, bringing wealth to traders and to the governments who taxed them (Genesis 37:25; 1 Kings 10:2; Song of Song of Solomon 3:6; Isaiah 60:6; Jeremiah 6:20; Ezekiel 27:17; Revelation 18:11-13). People used spices in preparing food and drinks (Song of Song of Solomon 8:2; Ezekiel 24:10; Matthew 23:23), and in making a variety of oils, medicines, cosmetics, deodorants and disinfectants (Esther 2:12; Psalms 45:8; Proverbs 7:17; Song of Song of Solomon 4:10; Song of Solomon 4:14; Song of Solomon 5:13; Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 51:8; Luke 7:46; John 12:3; John 19:39)
Stumbling Block - Idolatry, for example, was a stumbling block to Jews of Old Testament times (Exodus 23:33; Ezekiel 7:19-20; Ezekiel 14:3-4), and to some Christians of New Testament times
Head - ]'>[2] , Leviticus 10:6 ; Leviticus 13:45 , Ezekiel 24:17 ). Similarly shaving the head , a common practice in the East ( Job 1:20 , Isaiah 15:2 ; Isaiah 22:12 , Ezekiel 7:18 , Amos 8:10 ); it was forbidden to priests ( Leviticus 21:5 ), and, in special forms, to all Israelites ( Leviticus 19:27 , Deuteronomy 14:1 )
Trance - Also Ezekiel's sitting astonished seven days (Ezekiel 3:15), then the hand of Jehovah coming upon him (Ezekiel 3:22)
Caves - Henc,e also comes the name Beth-horon, "the house of caverns," and HORONAIM, "the two caverns;" and HAURAN, "the land of caverns" (Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18)
Lip - sâphâm ( Ezekiel 24:17 ; Ezekiel 24:22 , Micah 3:7 , only in the phrase ‘cover the lips’), whose equivalent is ‘moustache,’ it being the Eastern custom to cover this as a sign of stricken sorrow
Pit - A second word rendered ‘pit’ ( shachath ) seems to have denoted originally a pit in which, after concealing the mouth by a covering of twigs and earth, hunters trapped their game ( Ezekiel 19:4 ; Ezekiel 19:8 )
Heart - ...
Sometimes ‘heart’ is used as another word for a person’s spirit (Psalms 51:10; Psalms 51:17; Ezekiel 36:26), soul (Deuteronomy 4:29; Proverbs 2:10; Acts 4:32) or mind (1 Samuel 2:35; Ephesians 1:18; Hebrews 8:10; cf. Only God can bring about this cleansing or re-creation (Psalms 51:10; Ezekiel 36:26; Acts 8:21-22; Ephesians 3:16; Hebrews 10:22)
Wind - Winds from the mountains and sea to the north and west brought rain and storm ( 1 Kings 18:43-45 ; see Exodus 10:19 ; Ezekiel 1:4 ); those coming from the deserts of the south and east could at times be balmy but more often would sear the land and dry up the vegetation (Genesis 41:6 ; Job 37:1-2 ). Coming from different directions, wind was identified with those directions, referring to the four corners or quarters of the earth or of heaven (Jeremiah 49:36 ; Ezekiel 37:9 ). God answered Job out of the whirlwind (Job 38:1 ), and the four living creatures appeared to Ezekiel in a strong wind from the north (Job 1:4 ). The entry of breath gives life (Ezekiel 37:5-7 ); and, when it is taken away, the person dies (Psalm 104:29 )
Molech, Moloch - Indeed, Ezekiel goes further, and claims that Jahweh Himself gave them these ‘statutes that are not good,’ and sacrifices of the firstborn, because they had rejected purer worship ( Ezekiel 20:25 f. , Ezekiel 20:31 )
Rabbah - 750 Rabbah was still the capital of the Ammonites ( Amos 1:14 ), and such it continued to be down to the time of Nebuchadnezzar, who, if we may judge from the prophecies of Jeremiah and Ezekiel ( Jeremiah 49:2 , Ezekiel 21:20 ; Ezekiel 25:5 ), punished Rabbah for a rebellion of the Ammonites by a siege
Tar'Shish - (Genesis 10:4 ; 1 Kings 10:22 ; 1 Chronicles 1:7 ; Psalm 48:7 ; Isaiah 2:16 ; Jeremiah 10:9 ; Ezekiel 27:12,25 ; Jonah 1:3 ; 4:2 ) The identity of the two places is rendered highly probable by the following circumstances: 1st. The articles which Tarshish is stated by the prophet Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 27:12 ) to have supplied to Tyre are precisely such as we know, through classical writers, to have been productions of the Spanish peninsula
Fish, Fishing - The strong currents of the Jordan River carried many fish to the Dead Sea where they died (Ezekiel 47:7-11 ). ...
The job of fishermen included catching the fish, salting and marketing the fish, mending nets, and keeping fishing boats in repair (Ezekiel 26:5 ; Mark 1:19 ). Fish caught in a net symbolized God's judgment (Psalm 66:11 ; Ezekiel 32:3 )
Encampment - This would be varied according to local requirements; but the ideal was reproduced in the square court with which the temple was surrounded, and in the heavenly city of Ezekiel 48:20; Revelation 21:16; Revelation 20:9. ...
Thus there were four standards, one for each "camp" of three tribes: according to tradition the four cherubic forms, the lion (Judah, Genesis 49:9; Revelation 5:5), the ox (Ephraim, Deuteronomy 33:17), the man, and the eagle (Ezekiel 1:26; Ezekiel 10:1; Revelation 4:4, etc
Soothsaying - of קָסַם, which, with its kindred terms, is translated ‘divine’ in Numbers 22:7; Numbers 23:23, Deuteronomy 18:10; Deuteronomy 18:14, 1 Samuel 28:8, 2 Kings 17:17, Isaiah 44:25, Ezekiel 12:24; Ezekiel 13:6-7; Ezekiel 21:21-23, Micah 3:6-7, the Septuagint in all these cases employing μάντις and its cognates
Breast - ...
Ezekiel 23:3 (a) This is a terrible accusation against Israel because they had permitted the wicked people around them to take liberties with them to satisfy all their evil desires. In verses Ezekiel 23:8 and Ezekiel 23:34 we find that these same nations punished Israel severely
Poor - ...
The prophets especially vindicate the claims of the poor: compare Ezekiel 18:12; Ezekiel 18:16-17; Ezekiel 22:29; Jeremiah 22:13; Jeremiah 22:16; Jeremiah 5:28; Isaiah 10:2; Amos 2:7, "pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor," i
Covenant - , 1Ma 6:58 ), or was added to it ( Ezekiel 17:18 ). In Ezekiel 37:21-28 , as in Psalms 55:20 , the word has its fundamental meaning of an alliance of friendship, with a specific allusion in the former case to the Deuteronomic covenant of the tenth verse. ...
Whilst the Sinaitic covenant is rightly regarded as the charter of the Jewish dispensation, the establishment by God of a new constitution was contemplated by a series of prophets (Jeremiah 31:31 ; Jeremiah 31:33 ; Jeremiah 32:40 ; Jeremiah 50:5 , Isaiah 55:3 ; Isaiah 59:21 ; Isaiah 61:8 , Ezekiel 16:60 ; Ezekiel 16:62 ; Ezekiel 20:37 ; Ezekiel 34:25 ). The act of making the New Covenant is compared with the transactions in the wilderness ( Ezekiel 20:36 ff. On God’s part there is forgiveness with the quickening of the inner life of man ( Ezekiel 36:24 ff
Furnace - kur, a refining furnace (Proverbs 17:3 ; 27:21 ; Ezekiel 22:18 )
Balm - ...
This word occurs in the Authorized Version (Genesis 37:25 ; 43:11 ; Jeremiah 8:22 ; 46:11 ; 51:8 ; Ezekiel 27:17 ) as the rendering of the Hebrew word Tsori_ or _tseri , which denotes the gum of a tree growing in Gilead (q
Hook - hah, a "ring" inserted in the nostrils of animals to which a cord was fastened for the purpose of restraining them (2 Kings 19:28 ; Isaiah 37:28,29 ; Ezekiel 29:4 ; 38:4 )
Milk - Milk is used figuratively as a sign of abundance (Genesis 49:12 ; Ezekiel 25:4 ; Joel 3:18 )
Rainbow - While having a vision, Ezekiel compared the brightness of the glory of God with the colors of the rainbow (Genesis 1:28 )
Adultery - Hence God often compares himself to a husband jealous of his honor, Jeremiah 31:32 ; and hence the forsaking of the true God is compared to fornication and adultery of the vilest kind, Jeremiah 3:9 ; Ezekiel 23:36-49
Silver - (Ezekiel 27:12 ) From Tarshish it came int he form of plates, (Jeremiah 10:9 ) like those on which the sacred books of the Singhalese are written to this day
Fox - The proverbial cunning of the fox is alluded to in Ezekiel 13:4 , and in Luke 13:32 , where our Lord calls Herod "that fox
Sodom - This city and its awful destruction are frequently alluded to in Scripture (Deuteronomy 29:23 ; 32:32 ; Isaiah 1:9,10 ; 3:9 ; 13:19 ; Jeremiah 23:14 ; Ezekiel 16:46-56 ; Zephaniah 2:9 ; Matthew 10:15 ; Romans 9:29 ; 2 Peter 2:6 , etc
Prison - Often the prison conditions were bad (Jeremiah 37:18-20), the food poor (2 Chronicles 18:26) and the treatment cruel (Judges 16:21; Judges 16:25; Jeremiah 52:11; Ezekiel 19:9)
Sheba - They travelled widely throughout the East, dealing in gold, precious stones, cloth, spices and other merchandise (1 Kings 10:1-2; Psalms 72:15; Isaiah 60:6; Jeremiah 6:20; Ezekiel 27:22)
Wolf - The following are the scriptural allusions to the wolf: Its ferocity is mentioned in ( Genesis 49:27 ; Ezekiel 22:27 ); Habb 1:8; Matthew 7:15 Its nocturnal habits, in ( Jeremiah 5:6 ; Zephaniah 3:3 ); Habb 1:8 Its attacking sheep and lambs, (Matthew 10:16 ; Luke 10:3 ; John 10:12 ) Isaiah (Isaiah 11:6 ; 65:25 ) foretells the peaceful reign of the Messiah under the metaphor of a wolf dwelling with a lamb: cruel persecutors are compared with wolves
Tile - Ezekiel 4:1, a sun-dried "brick," the same as is translated "brick" in Genesis 11:3
Tares - Hollow professors, having the form without the reality of godliness, nay, even hurtful and bad (Isaiah 29:13; Matthew 15:8; Mark 7:6; Ezekiel 33:31)
Lock - Priests were likewise prohibited from shaving their heads, though they could trim their hair (Ezekiel 44:20 )
Lightning - Lightning and thunder frequently accompany a revelation of God (the giving of the law, Exodus 19:16 ; Exodus 20:18 ; Ezekiel's first vision, Ezekiel 1:13-14 )
Pit - ...
Ezekiel 19:4 (b) Probably this refers to the battle plan of the enemy
Jehoahaz - He was an evil-doer, 2 Kings 23:32, and referred to as a young lion by Ezekiel 19:3
Against - Ezekiel 8
Pul - Phut is associated with Lud in Ezekiel 27:10
Earring - ...
Ezekiel 16:12 (a) We learn from this that the Lord gave His people ears that love to hear His voice, and desire to know His Word and to obey His will
Mark - ...
Ezekiel 9:4 (c) By this GOD indicates that He marks His own people with those blessed attributes of GOD which distinguish them from all others as the people of GOD
Fly - ...
Ezekiel 13:20 (c) This may represent the wiles of evil women who would and did lure men from GOD's path of righteousness
Balances - Leviticus 19:36 ; Ezekiel 45:10 , for men contrived to falsify the balance, as well as the weights, which was an abomination to the Lord
Foundations - ...
Ezekiel 30:4 (a) This is a prophecy concerning the destruction of Egypt
Valley - Hence Ezekiel's vision in the valley of the dry bones. (See Ezekiel 37:1-14) I would only beg to call the reader's attention to a beautiful instance in point, where Jesus, speaking of visiting his church, useth this figure, "I went down (said Christ) into the garden of nuts, to see the fruits of the valley; and to see whether the vine flourished, and the pomegranate budded
Jehoahaz - In the parable of the Lion's whelps in Ezekiel 19:1-9 this king is referred to as being carried in chains to Egypt
Cushion - By προσκεφάλαια LXX Septuagint renders כְּסָתוֹת of Ezekiel 13:18 where the Arabic equivalent is mekhaddût
Angel - Satan is such an angel (Isaiah 14:12-16; Ezekiel 28:12-15)
Sprinkle - ...
Ezekiel 36:25 (a) Probably the clean water represents the precious, pure Word of GOD
Sole - ...
Ezekiel 1:7 (b) There are four pictures of CHRIST in this passage, and one of these is the description of His lovely walk, so perfect, and yet so efficient
Thigh - ...
Ezekiel 21:12 (c) We may use this type to illustrate the rather common practice of striking one's self upon the thigh, or the hip, or the leg, when in anger, or when insisting on some course of action
Adultery - (See Jeremiah 3:9; Ezekiel 23:37; Hosea 2:2) Reader! if Jesus be the husband, that is, as the prophet calls him, the John of his people, who would forsake him for the idols of a dying world? (Hosea 2:16-17)...
Savor - ” Of the 61 appearances of this word, 43 refer specifically to sacrifices made to God and appear in Genesis-Numbers and Ezekiel
Colors - Vermilion was used in fresco-painting, Ezekiel 23:14, for coloring the idols themselves, and for decorating the walls and beams of houses
Rebuke - Ezekiel 5
Watchmen - Watchmen always had a station at the gate of a city and in the adjacent tower, 2 Samuel 18:24-27 2 Kings 9:27 ; also on hill-tops overlooking a large circuit of terraced vineyards, whence they could "see eye to eye," and "lift up the voice" of warning or of cheer, Isaiah 52:7,8 ; and their responsible office, requiring so much vigilance and fidelity, illustrates that of prophets and ministers, Jeremiah 6:17 Ezekiel 33:1-9 Hebrews 13:17
Beard - These facts explain many passages of Scripture: as the gross insult offered to David's ambassadors, 2 Samuel 10:4-14 ; the zealous indignation of Nehemiah, Nehemiah 13:25 ; the mode in which the feigned insanity of David was expressed, 1 Samuel 21:12 , and the grief of Mephibosheth, 1 Samuel 19:24 ; the treachery of Judas; also several passages in the prophets, Isaiah 7:20 50:6 Ezekiel 5:1-5
Balm - tzori, tezri ) occurs in ( Genesis 37:25 ; 43:11 ; Jeremiah 8:22 ; 46:11 ; 51:8 ; Ezekiel 27:17 ) (It is an aromatic plant, or the resinous odoriferous sap or gum which exudes from such plants
Pestilence - The disease, whatever its nature, is not rarely associated with war and its consequences (Jeremiah 24:10; Jeremiah 29:17; Jeremiah 34:17, Ezekiel 6:11 etc
Weights And Measures - ( Exodus 28:16 ; 1 Samuel 17:4 ; Ezekiel 43:13 ) and figuratively (Isaiah 40:12 ) The data for determining the actual length of the Mosaic cubit involve peculiar difficulties, and absolute certainty seems unattainable. It occurs only in Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 40:5-8 ; 41:8 ; 42:16-29 ) The values given In the following table are to be accepted with reservation, for want of greater certainty: ...
Of measures of distance the smallest is the pace , and the largest the day's journey . For estimating area, and especially land there is no evidence that the Jews used any special system of square measures but they were content to express by the cubit the length and breadth of the surface to be measured ( Numbers 35:4,5 ; Ezekiel 40:27 ) or by the reed. (Ezekiel 41:8 ; 42:16-19 ; Revelation 21:16 ) II. ( Exodus 29:40 ; 30:24 ; Numbers 15:4,7,8 ; Ezekiel 4:11 ) etc. ( Exodus 16:36 ; Leviticus 5:11 ; 6:20 ; Numbers 5:15 ; 28:5 ; Judges 6:19 ; Ruth 2:17 ; 1 Samuel 1:24 ; 17:17 ; Ezekiel 45:11,13 ; 46:5,7,11,14 ) (e) The lethec , or "half homer" literally meaning what is poured out; it occurs only in ( Hosea 3:2 ) (f) The homer , meaning heap. ( Leviticus 27:16 ; Numbers 11:32 ; Isaiah 5:10 ; Ezekiel 45:13 ) It is elsewhere termed cor , from the circular vessel in which it was measured. ( 1 Kings 4:22 ; 5:11 ; 2 Chronicles 2:10 ; 27:5 ; Ezra 7:22 ; Ezekiel 45:14 ) The Greek equivalent occurs in (Luke 16:7 ) The absolute values of the liquid and the dry measures are stated differently by Josephus and the rabbinists, and as we are unable to decide between them, we give a double estimate to the various denominations
Prophecy, Prophet - In the same way the prophet announced God’s will to the people of his time (1 Kings 22:8; 2 Kings 22:14-20; Jeremiah 1:7; Jeremiah 1:9; Luke 1:32-3380; Ezekiel 3:27; Amos 3:7). ...
A true prophet could be appointed only by God (Jeremiah 1:5; Ezekiel 2:3-7; Amos 7:15). The Prophets consisted of the Former Prophets (Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings) and the Latter Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the twelve so-called Minor Prophets). They were not God’s messengers, but spoke according to their own selfish desires (Jeremiah 14:14; Jeremiah 23:21-22; Ezekiel 13:1-3; Ezekiel 13:17). The truth was that the people were heading for judgment, and the corruption of the prophets was only adding to that judgment (Jeremiah 23:11-17; Ezekiel 13:8-16; Ezekiel 13:22). He may group events together almost as if they happened about the same time (Isaiah 53; Isaiah 61:1-9; Ezekiel 34:20-24; cf
Cush (2) - Isaiah couples it with Elam (Isaiah 40:11), Ezekiel with Persia (Ezekiel 38:5)
Cherub - In Ezekiel's vision (10:1-20) they appear as living creatures supporting the throne of God. From Ezekiel's description of them (1;10; 41:18,19), they appear to have been compound figures, unlike any real object in nature; artificial images possessing the features and properties of several animals. (Ezekiel 1:4-14 ) speaks of four; and this number of "living creatures" is mentioned in Revelation 4:6 . He dwelleth between and sitteth on the cherubim (1 Samuel 4:4 ; Psalm 80:1 ; Ezekiel 1:26,28 )
Uzzah - God's law (Numbers 4; Ezekiel 25:14) had ordained that the ark was to be carried on the Levites' shoulders, not in a carriage. ...
Even the Levites (Ezekiel 25:15) were not to touch it, on pain of death
Kadesh - In Genesis 20:1 it is placed east of Gerar; and in Ezekiel 47:19 ; Ezekiel 48:28 between Tamar and the Brook of Egypt
Requirement - ...
Mosaic ceremonial law required such things as Aaronic priests, offerings for supporting priests and Levites (Nehemiah 12:44 ; Ezekiel 20:40 ), and burnt offerings to be placed on the altar (Ezra 3:4 ). God even requires punishment of a prophet who fails to warn sinners (Ezekiel 3:18,20 ; 33:6,8 )
Nose - ...
Ezekiel 8:17 (b) Our Lord noticed the actions of His enemies. "...
Ezekiel 23:25 (a) The Lord is telling us in this passage that the Assyrians will invade Israel and will destroy their ability to serve acceptably, or to hear effectively, or to be of any blessing whatever in their land, or to each other
Simeon - In the future day of which Ezekiel prophesies, when the twelve tribes will be restored and the land be re-divided, the tribe of Simeon has its portion. Ezekiel 48:24-35
Mem'Phis - It is mentioned by ( Isaiah 40:14,19 ) and Ezekiel, (Ezekiel 30:13,16 ) under the name of Noph
Linen, Linen Cloth, Fine Linen - bus, in all OT passages quoted here, except Ezekiel 27:7 ; Syriac busa in Luke 16:19 . 5 (David's robe); 2 Chronicles 3:14 , bussos (the veil of the Temple); 2 Chronicles 5:12 , bussinos (the clothing of the Levite singers); Esther 1:6 (the cords of the hangings in the king's garden); Esther 8:15 (Mordecai's dress); Ezekiel 27:7 (bussos, in Syrian trade with Tyre)
Nakedness - The clothing may be drawn to the body by the waist-band or sash, but the tendency is to avoid as far as possible any exact shaping and rigid fastening of the costume, as such close adaptation to the figure is considered both immodest and undecorative, and in a warm climate would cause friction and perspiration (Ezekiel 44:18). ...
Nakedness thus means: (1) the state of undress permitted in Oriental family life, and preferred as an adaptation to the climate; (2) insufficiency, amounting sometimes to complete want, of clothing, involving discomfort and suffering in the case of the poor and destitute (Matthew 25:36, Romans 8:35, 2 Corinthians 11:27); (3) the nudity connected with immodest behaviour (Exodus 20:26), or inflicted as a humiliation on prisoners of war (Isaiah 20:4); and (4) in a metaphorical sense, unnatural and shameless disloyalty to God (Ezekiel 23:29, Revelation 3:18)
Cherubim - In Ezekiel’s Inaugural vision (ch. A different version of this story is alluded to by Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 28:14 ; Ezekiel 28:16 ); according to this prophet, a cherub expels the prince of Tyre from Eden, the garden of God. The prophet Ezekiel and the results of Babylonian excavations assist us in solving the enigma. Basing his conjecture on Ezekiel’s vision, Schultz ( OT Theol . The living creatures of the Apocalyptic vision are borrowed from Ezekiel’s imagery
Responsibility - The Lord revealed to Ezekiel what he expected of his people and the dangers of disobedience. During the Babylonian exile, Ezekiel amplified the ramifications of this latter verse, arguing that it was not the sins of the fathers but the sin of his generation that was being judged. He quoted a proverb: "The fathers eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge" (Ezekiel 18:2 ; see also Jeremiah 31:29 ). Ezekiel commanded them to quit hiding behind the proverb; they were also accountable
Obsolete or Obscure Words in the English av Bible - "...
Albeit, Ezekiel 13:7—although it be. ...
Calker, Ezekiel 27:9—one who stops leaks of a ship. ...
Kerchief, Ezekiel 13:21—covering for the head. ...
Marishes, Ezekiel 47:11—marshes; swampy ground. ...
Shroud, Ezekiel 31:3—shelter; covering, as of a tree. ...
Sith, Ezekiel 35:6—since; forasmuch as. ...
Woe worth, Ezekiel 30:2—woe be or become
Weights And Measures - ...
The smallest portion of the shekel was the gerah, which was 1/20 of a shekel (Exodus 30:13 ; Ezekiel 45:12 ). The mina was probably fifty shekels (as the Canaanite system), though Ezekiel 45:12 calls for a mina of sixty shekels, and the early Greek translation reads, “fifty. The Lord's ideal was just weights and measures ( Leviticus 19:36 ; Proverbs 16:11 ; Ezekiel 45:10 ); but dishonest manipulations were all too common (Proverbs 11:1 ; Proverbs 20:23 ; Hosea 12:7 ), and archaeologists have discovered weights that have been altered by chiseling the bottom. Each contained ten ephahs or baths, an equivalent liquid measure (Ezekiel 45:10-14 ). Ezekiel (Ezekiel 40:5 ) mentions a long cubit consisting of a common cubit plus a handbreadth which would yield a “royal” cubit of about twenty and a half inches, similar to the Egyptian short and long cubits. The span is half a cubit (Ezekiel 43:13 ,Ezekiel 43:13,43:17 ), or the distance between the extended thumb and little finger. ...
Ezekiel's Cubit...
1 reed...
6 cubits...
10 ft
Thorns, Thistles, Etc - sillôn ( Ezekiel 28:24 ‘ brier ’; sallônîm , Ezekiel 2:6 ‘thorns’). sârâbîm ( Ezekiel 2:6 ‘briers,’ lit
Moloch - In this respect Moloch answered to Baal the Phoenician sun god, to whom also human burnt offerings were sacrificed; also to Chemosh, to whom Mesha sacrificed his son (2 Kings 3:27; Micah 6:7; Ezekiel 16:20; Ezekiel 23:39). ...
God similarly complains of their mocking Him with worship, while worshipping idols, Ezekiel 20:89
Breath - God has the power to restore life to the dead if He wishes to do so (Ezekiel 37:9 ). By His breath He even restores life (Ezekiel 37:5-10 ). Repeatedly in Ezekiel 37:5-10 the term ruach occurs in word plays on its meanings as breaths wind, and spirit
Psychology - ...
Heart is used for the inner life, the principles, motives, purposes ( Genesis 6:5 , Psalms 51:10 , Ezekiel 36:26 , Matthew 15:19 , 2 Corinthians 3:3 ), without precise distinction of the intellectual, emotional, or volitional functions; but it can never, as the preceding terms, be used for the whole man. It must be observed that in poetic parallelisms ‘soul,’ ‘spirit,’ ‘heart’ are often used as synonymous, in contrast to ‘flesh’ ( Psalms 63:1 ; Psalms 84:2 , Ecclesiastes 11:10 ; Ecclesiastes 12:7 , Ezekiel 44:7 ; Ezekiel 44:9 )
Peace, Spiritual - ) The Law, the Prophets, and the Writings of the Old Testament each bear testimony that such peace is the gift of God, for God alone can give peace in all its fullness (Leviticus 26:6 ; 1 Chronicles 12:18 ; 1 Chronicles 22:9 ; 1 Kings 2:33 ; Isaiah 26:12 ; Isaiah 52:7 ; Ezekiel 34:25 ; Ezekiel 37:26 ; Zechariah 6:13 ; Malachi 2:5-6 ; Job 22:21 ; Job 25:2 ; Psalm 4:8 ; Psalm 29:11 ; Psalm 37:37 ; Psalm 85:8 ; Psalm 122:6-8 ; Psalm 147:14 ; Proverbs 3:17 ). Its absence may be equated with judgment (Jeremiah 12:12 ; Jeremiah 14:19 ; Jeremiah 16:5 ; Jeremiah 25:37 ; Lamentations 3:17 ; Ezekiel 7:15 )
Festivals - The festivals of the new moon and sabbath are often mentioned together in the Old Testament (Isaiah 1:13 ; Isaiah 66:23 ; Ezekiel 45:17 ; Ezekiel 46:1 ,Ezekiel 46:1,46:3 ). David's arrangements for the Levites included service on the new moon (1 Chronicles 23:31 ), and the ministry of the prophets was sometimes connected with this occasion (2 Kings 4:23 ; Isaiah 1:13 ; Ezekiel 46:1 ; Haggai 1:1 ). Ezekiel mentioned four times receiving a vision on the first day of the month (Ezekiel 26:1 ; Hebrews 13:11-127 ; Ezekiel 31:1 ; Ezekiel 32:1 )
Reed - " It is used to illustrate weakness (2 Kings 18:21 ; Ezekiel 29:6 ), also fickleness or instability (Matthew 11:7 ; Compare Ephesians 4:14 )
Grove - The heathen consecrated groves to particular gods, and for this reason they were forbidden to the Jews (Jeremiah 17:3 ; Ezekiel 20:28 )
Whirlwind - ]'>[1] ‘tempest,’ and ‘stormy wind,’ Psalms 55:8 ; Psalms 83:15 ; Psalms 107:25 , Ezekiel 13:13 etc
Sanctuary - A sanctuary therefore came to have a secondary meaning as a place of refuge (Isaiah 8:14; Ezekiel 11:16; cf
Nail -
Hebrew yathed, "piercing," a peg or nail of any material (Ezekiel 15:3 ), more especially a tent-peg (Exodus 27:19 ; 35:18 ; 38:20 ), with one of which Jael (q
Facets - The eschatological spring or stream is well known in visions of the Temple (Joel 3:18 ; Ezekiel 47:1 ; Zechariah 13:1 ; Zechariah 14:8 )
Vine - The vineyards of En-gedi (Song of Solomon 1:14 ), Heshbon, Sibmah, Jazer, Elealeh (Isaiah 16:8-10 ; Jeremiah 48:32,34 ), and Helbon (Ezekiel 27:18 ), as well as of Eshcol, were celebrated
Field - Fields were likewise distinguished from barren wasteland (Ezekiel 33:27 )
Horn - To ‘exalt one’s born,’ or ‘cause it to bad’ (grow), is to strengthen and prosper him ( 1 Samuel 2:1 , Ezekiel 29:21 etc
Reproach - A source of blame, discredit, or disgrace due to barrenness (Genesis 30:23 ; Luke 1:25 ); rape by the uncircumcised (Genesis 34:2-5 ); uncircumcision (Joshua 5:9 ); forced mutilation (1 Samuel 11:2 ); Jerusalem in ruins (Nehemiah 2:17 ; Psalm 89:41 ); illness (Psalm 31:11 ); fasting (Psalm 69:10 ); military defeat (Psalm 79:4 ); sin (Proverbs 14:34 ); mistreatment of parents (Proverbs 19:26 ); singleness (Isaiah 4:1 ); widowhood (Isaiah 54:4 ); famine (Ezekiel 36:30 )
Teraphim - ...
Used for divination (Ezekiel 21:21; Zechariah 10:2), and to secure good fortune to a house, as the penates
Stedfast, Stedfastly, Stedfastness - , in Genesis 1:6 ; Ezekiel 1:22 , it is used of the firmanent, which was believed to be a solid canopy
Moon - Like other holy days, it was announced by the blowing of trumpets (Numbers 10:10; Numbers 28:11; 1 Samuel 20:5; Ezra 3:5; Psalms 81:3; Ezekiel 46:1)
Devour - Ezekiel 7
Kittim - This was the first trading post of the Phœnicians on the Mediterranean, hence it is vaguely used in Ezekiel 27:8 as the mother-city of all the maritime settlements westward
Sore - Horrible, terrible (Ezekiel 27:35 )
Pot - ...
Ezekiel 24:3 (b) Jerusalem is the pot in which GOD will destroy His people who have been so rebellious and wicked
Ring - ...
Ezekiel 1:18 (a) It seems that the rings are synonymous with the wheels
Aholah - See Ezekiel 23: Aholibah (Aholah's sister)
Tammuz - We no where meet with the word but Ezekiel 8:14
Builders - ...
Ezekiel 27:4 (c) The city fathers planned the building of the city of Tyrus, but did not take GOD into their consideration
Ambassador, Ambassage - word is elsewhere rendered ( 2 Chronicles 35:21 , Isaiah 30:4 , Ezekiel 17:15 )
Confidence - Ezekiel 28
Desolate, To Be - ” Interestingly, the word occurs 25 times in the Book of Ezekiel alone, which may reflect either Ezekiel’s times or (more likely) his personality
Wither - In his parable of the vine, Ezekiel likens God’s judgment on Judah to the “withering” of a vine that is pulled up ( Mount Tabor - (See Ezekiel 38:12
Ham - The first great empires of Assyria and Egypt were founded by them; and the republics of Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage, were early distinguished for their commerce: but they sooner also fell to decay; and Egypt, which was one of the first, became the last and "basest of the kingdoms," Ezekiel 29:15 ; and has been successively in subjection to the Shemites, and Japhethites; as have also the settlements of the other branches of the Hamites
Pastor - The background of the term lies in the biblical image of the people of God as God's flock (Jeremiah 23:1-4 ; Ezekiel 34:1-16 ; Luke 12:32 ; John 10:16 )
Cush - But, more commonly, Cush signifies Ethiopia proper, lying south and southeast of Egypt, and now called Abyssinia, Isaiah 18:1 20:3-5 Jeremiah 13:23 Ezekiel 29:10 Daniel 11:43
Wolf - They are cruel, but cowardly animals; they fly from man, except when impelled by hunger; in which case they prowl by night in great droves through villages, and destroy any persons they meet, Jeremiah 5:6 Ezekiel 22:27 Habakkuk 1:8
Occupy - Ezekiel 27
Mule - But they were not forbidden to obtain them from abroad and use them, 1 Kings 10:25 Ezekiel 27:14
Care - Ezekiel 4
Club - It came to be listed as a weapon of war (Ezekiel 39:9 )
Crown - Newly-married persons of both sexes wore crowns on their wedding-day, Song of Song of Solomon 3:11 Ezekiel 16:12
Scrape - Ezekiel 26
Settle - Ezekiel 36
Vision - A further stage is the belief in an exalted condition of quickened spiritual discernment (‘ecstasy’ Ezekiel 3:12-1600 ; Acts 22:17 , cf. But in the later OT books neither ecstasy nor the objective vision, with its disclosure in cryptic symbolism of future happenings (Daniel), or of the nature and purposes of God (Ezekiel, Zechariah), has a place in the normal line of development of man’s conception of the methods of Divine revelation
Dead Sea - The name given by Greek writers of the second century to that inland sea called in Scripture the "salt sea" (Genesis 14:3 ; Numbers 34:12 ), the "sea of the plain" (Deuteronomy 3:17 ), the "east sea" (Ezekiel 47:18 ; Joel 2:20 ), and simply "the sea" (Ezekiel 47:8 )
Wheat - ) but sometimes by σῖτος (Judges 6:11, Ezekiel 27:17), and the Vulgate by triticum and, in a few cases, frumentum. Wheat was an article of export from very early days (Ezekiel 27:17, cf
Hedge - ...
Ezekiel 13:5 (a) By this figure we understand that the prophets were not protecting GOD's people as they should by proper teaching, leading and example. ...
Ezekiel 22:30 (a) This unusual passage teaches us that while GOD gives divine interference in order to protect and guard His people, He also needs godly men who will stand with Him and on His side to prevent the entrance of evil doctrines, evil programs, and evil teachings among the people of GOD
High Place - Ezekiel 20:29 ), and then the hills on which altars were erected. Ezekiel 16:24,25,31,39
Fish - Fishing is the image for taking souls in the gospel net, not to be destroyed but to be saved alive (Ezekiel 47:10; Matthew 4:19; Luke 5:5-10). Fishing symbolizes also sudden destruction by invading enemies (Jeremiah 16:16; Amos 4:2; Habakkuk 1:16; Ecclesiastes 9:12; Ezekiel 29:3-5)
Arm - " In Ezekiel 22:6 zerôa‛ may be translated "power": "Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood. Ezekiel 17:9)
Uncircumcised - ...
Ezekiel 44:7, Ezekiel 44:9 (a) These hearts and these people have never come under the judgment and the will of GOD as represented by circumcision
Wolf - זאב , in Arabic, zeeb, Genesis 49:27 ; Isaiah 11:6 ; Isaiah 65:25 ; Jeremiah 5:6 ; Ezekiel 22:27 ; Zephaniah 3:3 ; Habakkuk 1:8 ; λυκος , Matthew 7:15 ; Matthew 10:16 ; Luke 10:3 ; John 10:12 ; Acts 20:29 ; Ecclesiastes 13:17. The rapacious and cruel conduct of the princes of Israel is compared by Ezekiel 22:27 , to the mischievous inroads of the same animal: "Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, to destroy lives, to get dishonest gain;" and Zephaniah 3:3 , says, "Her princes within her are roaring lions, her judges are evening wolves: they gnaw not the bones till the morrow
Wheat - ) but sometimes by σῖτος (Judges 6:11, Ezekiel 27:17), and the Vulgate by triticum and, in a few cases, frumentum. Wheat was an article of export from very early days (Ezekiel 27:17, cf
Divination And Magic - Ezekiel 21:21 records, “For the king of Babylon stood at the parting of the way, at the head of the two ways, to use divination: he made his arrows bright, he consulted with images, he looked in the liver. ...
Other methods included augury (foretelling the future by natural signs, especially the flight of birds), hydromancy (divination by mixing liquids; see Genesis 44:5 ), casting lots (Jonah 1:7-8 ), astrology (2 Kings 21:5 ), necromancy (1 Samuel 28:7-25 ), observing the Urim and Thummim (1 Samuel 28:6 ), and by consulting the liver (Ezekiel 21:21 ). ...
Although varying kinds of divination and magic are reported to have been practiced widely in ancient Israel and among her neighbors (Deuteronomy 18:9-14 ; 1 Samuel 6:2 ; Isaiah 19:3 ; Ezekiel 21:21 ; Daniel 2:2 ), Israel herself was clearly and firmly admonished to have no part in such activities. “You shall no more see delusive visions nor practice divination” (Ezekiel 13:23 RSV)
Nineveh - ) ...
These mural tablets also furnish a graphic comment on the language of the prophet Ezekiel; and as he was a captive in the region of Ninveh, he had no doubt heard of, and had probably seen these very "chambers of imagery," as well as the objects they represent. We there find reproduced to our view the men and scenes he describes in Ezekiel 23:6,14,15 , etc. ; Ezekiel 26:7-12 : "Captains and rulers clothed most gorgeously," "portrayed with vermilion," "girded with girdles upon their loins," "exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads. " The "vermilion" or red color is quite prevalent among the various brilliant colors with which these tablets were painted, Ezekiel 23:14,15
Temple - But inasmuch as Ezekiel, the Temple of whose vision is in all essential points a replica of that of Solomon, gives 6 cubits as the thickness of its walls ( Ezekiel 41:5 ), except the walls of the porch, which were 5 cubits thick ( Ezekiel 40:48 ), those of the first Temple are usually assumed to have been of the same dimensions. ...
The question of the area covered by the complete building now described has usually been answered hitherto by a reference to