What does Esdraelon mean in the Bible?

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon
The Greek form of the Hebrew "Jezreel," the name of the great plain (called by the natives Merj Ibn Amer; i.e., "the meadow of the son of Amer") which stretches across Central Palestine from the Jordan to the Mediterraanean, separating the mountain ranges of Carmel and Samaria from those of Galilee, extending about 14 miles from north to south, and 9 miles from east to west. It is drained by "that ancient river" the Kishon, which flows westward to the Mediterranean. From the foot of Mount Tabor it branches out into three valleys, that on the north passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judges 4:14 ); that on the south between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim (2 Kings 9:27 ); while the central portion, the "valley of Jezreel" proper, runs into the Jordan valley (which is about 1,000 feet lower than Esdraelon) by Bethshean. Here Gideon gained his great victory over the Midianites (Judges 7:1-25 ). Here also Barak defeated Sisera, and Saul's army was defeated by the Philistines, and king Josiah, while fighting in disguise against Necho, king of Egypt, was slain (2 Chronicles 35:20-27 ; 2 Kings 2329-29 ). This plain has been well called the "battle-field of Palestine." "It has been a chosen place for encampment in every contest carried on in this country, from the days of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Assyrians, in the history of whose wars with Arphaxad it is mentioned as the Great Plain of Esdraelon, until the disastrous march of Napoleon Bonaparte from Egypt into Syria. Jews, Gentiles, Saracens, Crusaders, Frenchmen, Egyptians, Persians, Druses, Turks, and Arabs, warriors out of every nation which is under heaven, have pitched their tents in the plain, and have beheld the various banners of their nations wet with the dews of Tabor and Hermon" (Dr. Clark).
Holman Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon
(ehss dray' ee lahn) Greek translation of the word Jezreel, indicating the low-lying area separating the mountains of Galilee from the mountains of Samaria. Old Testament Esdraelon, also called the Great Plain of Esdraelon or the Plain of Jezreel, is the area assigned to Zebulun and Issachar (Joshua 19:10-23 ). It extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River at Beth-Shean. Included are the Valley or Plain of Megiddo in the east and the Valley of Jezreel in the west.
Sources disagree on the actual naming of the area. Some scholars say that the Valley of Jezreel is the name for the entire region; Esdraelon being the western portion, comprised of the Plain of Accho and the Valley of Megiddo. Whatever the entire region is called, it is assumed that references to Jezreel indicate both the town of Jezreel and the valley in which it is located; and references to Megiddo indicate both the town and the plain on which it is located.
The historical and biblical significance of Esdraelon in the Old Testament is its association with war and bloodshed. As a battleground, it was a strategically-favored place. It was occupied by Canaanites who were less than willing to relocate when the tribes of Israel tried to settle there (Judges 1:27 ). The Song of Deborah in Judges 5:1 celebrates the battle “at Tanaach by the waters of Megiddo” ( Judges 5:19 ) where Barak finally routed the Canaanites.
Other important battles were fought in Esdraelon. Frequently the question of Israel's leadership was settled there. Josiah died in battle against Pharaoh Neco at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20-24 ). Saul and Jonathan died at the hands of the Philistines in the Valley of Jezreel (1Samuel 29:1,1 Samuel 29:11 ; 1 Samuel 31:1-7 ). Jehu killed his rivals Joram and Ahaziah at Jezreel (2 Kings 9:1 ). He later slaughtered all the men of Ahab and Azariah and all the prophets of Baal there (2 Kings 10:1 ).
Brutal slaughter for other than political reasons took place in Esdraelon. Naboth owned a vineyard in Jezreel. Jezebel and Ahab wanted to buy the vineyard, but Naboth refused because it had been handed down to him from his ancestors (1 Kings 21:3 ). Jezebel arranged Naboth's murder so Ahab could take possession of the vineyard (1 Kings 21:5-16 ).
The tragedies at Esdraelon did not go unnoticed by God. For her part, Jezebel was later murdered at Jezreel as prophesied by Elijah (1 Kings 21:23 ; 2 Kings 9:36 ). Hosea prophesied vengeance on the house of Jehu for his role in the slaughter at Jezreel (Hosea 1:4-5 ).
New Testament Esdraelon is mentioned in the New Testament as Armageddon or har-Megiddon, meaning hill or city of Megiddo. Revelation 16:16 echoes the Old Testament portrayal of Esdraelon as a place of war and tragedy. The final battle of the Lord will be waged there ( Revelation 16:14-16 ; Revelation 19:19 ).
Donna R. Ridge
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon
(See JEZREEL.)
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Esdraelon
ESDRAELON . The Greek name for Merj Ibn ‘Amr , the great plain north of the range of Carmel. It is triangular in shape, the angles being defined by Tell el-Kassis in the N.W., Jenin in the S.E., and Tabor in the N.E. The dimensions of the area are about 20 miles N.W. to S.E., 14 miles N.E. to S.W. It affords a passage into the mountainous interior of Palestine, from the sea-coast at the harbours of the Bay of ‘Acca. It is drained by the Kishon, and is, over nearly all its area, remarkably fertile. It was allotted to the tribe of Issachar.
Esdraelon has been the great battlefield of Palestine. Here Deborah and Barak routed the hosts of Jabin and Sisera (Judges 4:1-24 ), and here Gideon defeated the Midianites (7). Saul here fought his last battle with the Philistines ( 1Sa 28:1-25 ; 1 Samuel 29:1-11 ; 1 Samuel 30:1-31 ; 1 Samuel 31:1-13 ). Josiah here attacked Pharaoh-necho on his way to Mesopotamia and was slain ( 2 Kings 23:30 ). It is the scene of the encampment of Holofernes ( Jdt 7:3 ), in connexion with which appears the name by which the valley is generally known: it is a Greek corruption of Jazreel . Here Saladin encamped in 1186; and, finally, here Napoleon encountered and defeated an army of Arabs in 1799. It is chosen by the Apocalyptic writer ( Revelation 16:14-16 ) as the fitting scene for the final battle between the good and evil forces of the world.
R. A. S. Macalister.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon
See JEZREEL.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Esdraelon
PLAIN OF, in the tribe of Issachar, extends east and west from Scythopolis to Mount Carmel; called, likewise, the Great Plain, the Valley of Jezreel, the Plain of Esdrela. Dr. E. D. Clarke observes, it is by far the largest plain in the Holy Land; extending quite across the country from Mount Carmel and the Mediterranean Sea to the southern extremity of the Sea of Galilee; about thirty miles in length, and twenty in breadth. It is also a very fertile district, abounding in pasture; on which account it has been selected for the purposes of encampment by almost every army that has traversed the Holy Land. Here Barak, descending with his ten thousand men from Mount Tabor, which rises like a cone in the centre of the plain, defeated Sisera, with his "nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, gathered from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon; and pursued after the chariots and after the host unto Harosheth of the Gentiles; and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left," Judges 4. Here Josiah, king of Judah, fell, fighting against Necho, king of Egypt,
2 Kings 23:29 . And here the Midianites and the Amalekites, who were "like grasshoppers for multitude, and their camels without number as the sand of the sea," encamped, when they were defeated by Gideon, Judges 6. This plain has likewise been used for the same purpose by the armies of every conqueror or invader, from Nabuchodonosor, king of Assyria, to his imitator, Napoleon Buonaparte, who, in the spring of 1799, with a small body of French, defeated an army of several thousand Turks and Mamelukes. Jews, Gentiles, Saracens, Christians, crusaders, and antichristian Frenchmen, Egyptians, Persians, Druses, Turks, and Arabs, warriors out of every nation which is under heaven, have pitched their tents in the Plain of Esdraelon; and have beheld the various banners of their nations wet with the dews of Tabor and of Hermon. And it is to this day generally found to be the place of encampment of large parties of Arabs.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon, Plain of
See JEZREEL .

Sentence search

Esdraelon - Old Testament Esdraelon, also called the Great Plain of Esdraelon or the Plain of Jezreel, is the area assigned to Zebulun and Issachar (Joshua 19:10-23 ). Some scholars say that the Valley of Jezreel is the name for the entire region; Esdraelon being the western portion, comprised of the Plain of Accho and the Valley of Megiddo. ...
The historical and biblical significance of Esdraelon in the Old Testament is its association with war and bloodshed. ...
Other important battles were fought in Esdraelon. ...
Brutal slaughter for other than political reasons took place in Esdraelon. ...
The tragedies at Esdraelon did not go unnoticed by God. ...
New Testament Esdraelon is mentioned in the New Testament as Armageddon or har-Megiddon, meaning hill or city of Megiddo. Revelation 16:16 echoes the Old Testament portrayal of Esdraelon as a place of war and tragedy
Nain - The ancient town sat on a hillside overlooking the Plain of Esdraelon
Abez - Tin, or white, a town in the tribe of Issachar (Joshua 19:20 ), at the north of the plain of Esdraelon
Anaharath - ANAHARATH ( Joshua 19:19 ), mentioned with Shion and Rabbith on the east side of the Plain of Esdraelon in Issachar
Shimron - Watch-post, an ancient city of the Canaanites; with its villages, allotted to Zebulun (Joshua 19:15 ); now probably Semunieh, on the northern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, 5 miles west of Nazareth
Harosheth of the Gentiles - It was here that Jabin's great army was marshalled before it went forth into the great battlefield of Esdraelon to encounter the army of Israel, by which it was routed and put to flight (Judges 4 ). It was situated "at the entrance of the pass to Esdraelon from the plain of Acre" at the base of Carmel
Nain - The village is approached by a steep and rocky ascent from the plains of Esdraelon
Sarid - of the plain of Esdraelon
Nahallal - It has been by some identified with Malul in the plain of Esdraelon, 4 miles from Nazareth
ba'Rak - He utterly routed the Canaanites int eh plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon)
Kishon - Winding, a winter torrent of Central Palestine, which rises about the roots of Tabor and Gilboa, and passing in a northerly direction through the plains of Esdraelon and Acre, falls into the Mediterranean at the north-eastern corner of the bay of Acre, at the foot of Carmel. It is the drain by which the waters of the plain of Esdraelon and of the mountains that surround it find their way to the sea. In the triumphal song of Deborah (Judges 5:21 ) it is spoken of as "that ancient river," either (1) because it had flowed on for ages, or (2), according to the Targum, because it was "the torrent in which were shown signs and wonders to Israel of old;" or (3) probably the reference is to the exploits in that region among the ancient Canaanites, for the adjoining plain of Esdraelon was the great battle-field of Palestine
ha'Dad-Rim'Mon - is, according to the ordinary interpretation of (12:11) a place in the valley of Megiddo (a part of the plain of Esdraelon, six miles from Mount Carmel and eleven from Nazareth), where a national lamentation was held for the death of King Josiah
Jezreel, Valley of - Lying on the northern side of the city, between the ridges of Gilboa and Moreh, an offshoot of Esdraelon, running east to the Jordan (Joshua 17:16 ; Judges 6:33 ; Hosea 1:5 ). This name was in after ages extended to the whole of the plain of Esdraelon (q
Nahalal - Now Malul in the Esdraelon plain; four miles W
Armagedon - Authorities locate it at Mageddo (Hebrew: Megiddo, place of troops), fortified Chanaanite capital, east of the Plain of Esdraelon
Jezreel - In like manner, the valley of Jezreel obtained the name of the valley or plain of Esdraelon; which is still described as very fertile, and much frequented by the Arabs for its fine pasturage. See Esdraelon
Taanach - There is still a small place called Taannuk on the south border of the plain of Esdraelon, four miles southeast of the site of Megiddo, which is usually named with Taanach, Judges 1:27 ; 5:19 ; 1 Kings 4:12
Harosheth of the Gentiles - The missionary Thompson finds its ruins at a place still called Harothieh, the Arabic equivalent for Harosheth, on a hill commanding the entrance to the narrow passage of the Kishon from the plain of Esdraelon to the plain of Acre
en-Gan'Nim - (Joshua 19:21 ) allotted with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites, (Joshua 21:29 ) probably Jenin , the first village encountered on the ascent from the great plain of Esdraelon into the hills of the central country
Hadad-Rimmon - A city in the valley of Megiddo, or plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon; named from Hadad the Syrian sun god and Rimmon, another Syrian idol
Nahal'al, - (Judges 1:30 ) It is identified with the modern Malul , a village in the plain of Esdraelon
Armageddon - The idea of such a scene was suggested by the Old Testament great battle-field, the plain of Esdraelon (q
Taanach - A sandy place, an ancient royal city of the Canaanites, on the south-western border of the plain of Esdraelon, 4 miles south of Megiddo
Taanach - It is now called Taanuk, with ruins about four miles southeast or Megiddo, on the western side of the plain of Esdraelon
Kishon - Now the Mukutta, a brook that rises in the plain of Esdraelon, near the foot of mount Tabor
Nain - verge of jebel ed Duhy (Little Hermon) where it slopes down to Esdraelon plain
en-Gannim - border of Esdraelon, with a fine spring, gardens, and palms
Mount Tabor - (Arabic: Jebel et Tour; mountain of mountains) ...
Distinguished for its picturesque site and outline, rises above the Plains of Esdraelon, fives miles southeast of Nazareth
Mount Thabor - (Arabic: Jebel et Tour; mountain of mountains) ...
Distinguished for its picturesque site and outline, rises above the Plains of Esdraelon, fives miles southeast of Nazareth
Tabor, Mount - (Arabic: Jebel et Tour; mountain of mountains) ...
Distinguished for its picturesque site and outline, rises above the Plains of Esdraelon, fives miles southeast of Nazareth
Thabor, Mount - (Arabic: Jebel et Tour; mountain of mountains) ...
Distinguished for its picturesque site and outline, rises above the Plains of Esdraelon, fives miles southeast of Nazareth
Kedesh - It was originally a Canaanite royal city (Joshua 12:22 ), and was the residence of Barak (Judges 4:6 ); and here he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the commencement of the conflict with Sisera in the plain of Esdraelon, "for Jehovah among the mighty" (9,10). It has been supposed by some that the Kedesh of the narrative, where Barak assembled his troops, was not the place in Upper Galilee so named, which was 30 miles distant from the plain of Esdraelon, but Kedish, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, 12 miles from Tabor
na'in - ( Luke 7:12 ) The modern Nein is situated on the northwestern edge of the "Little Hermon," or Jebel-ed-Duhy , where the ground falls into the plain of Esdraelon
Ash'er, - (Joshua 19:24-31 ; 17:10,11 ) and Judges 1:31,32 They possessed the maritime portion of the rich plain of Esdraelon;, probably for a distance of 8 or 10 miles from the shore
Ash'er, - (Joshua 19:24-31 ; 17:10,11 ) and Judges 1:31,32 They possessed the maritime portion of the rich plain of Esdraelon;, probably for a distance of 8 or 10 miles from the shore
ta'Anach - (Joshua 21:25 ) Taanach is almost always named in company with Megiddo, and they were evidently the chief towns of that fine rich district which forms the western portion of the great plain of Esdraelon
Engannim - Now Jenim, the first village in ascending from Esdraelon plain into the central hills
Nain - At the foot of the slope on which it stands is the great plain of Esdraelon
Gilboa - It was a low barren range of mountains bounding the valley of Esdraelon (Jezreel) on the east, between it and the Jordan valley
Ashurites - of Jordan above Jezreel and the plain of Esdraelon
Shimron - Some commentators think the original name was Shimon and identify it with modern khirbet Sammuniyeh five miles west of Nazareth in the Esdraelon Valley
Armageddon - There seems to be an allusion to the great battle field of Palestine in the Esdraelon, and to the Megiddo mentioned in Judges 5:19 ; 1 Kings 4:12 ; 2 Kings 23:29,30
Shearing House - " In the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain, 15 Roman miles from Legio (Lejun): Eusebius, Onomasticon
Kishon, River of, Kison - A brook that rises in the mountains of Esdraelon, and runs in a north-westerly course to the Mediterranean, close to mount Carmel
Gilboa - A mountainous ridge southeast of the Plain of Esdraelon, having on each side a valley connecting the great plain with the Jordan valley
Gilbo'a - (a bubbling spring ) a mountain range on the eastern side of the plain of Esdraelon, rising over the city of Jezreel
Armaged'Don - ( Revelation 16:16 ) The scene of the struggle of good and evil is suggested by that battle-field, the plain of Esdraelon, which was famous for two great victories, of Barak over the Canaanites and of Gideon over the Midianites; and for two great disasters, the deaths of Saul and Josiah
ki'Shon - (1 Kings 18:40 ) The Nahr Mukutta , the modern representative of the Kishon, is the drain by which the waters of the plain of Esdraelon and of the mountains which enclose that plain find their way through the plain of Acre to the Mediterranean
Esdraelon - Esdraelon . ...
Esdraelon has been the great battlefield of Palestine
Megiddo - A city of one of the kings whom Joshua defeated on the west of the Jordan, in the great plain of Esdraelon
Kishon - "That ancient river, the river Kishon," falls into the bay of Acre, and has its source in the hills to the east of the plain of Esdraelon, which it intersects
Issachar - Their portion, having the Jordan on the east, Manasseh on the west, Zebulun north, and Ephraim south, included a considerable part of the fine plain Esdraelon, the most fertile in the country
Esdra-e'Lon - "The great plain of Esdraelon" extends across central Palestine from the Mediterranean to the Jordan, separating the mountain ranges of Carmel and Samaria from those of Galilee. Two things are worthy of special notice in the plain of Esdraelon:
Its wonderful richness; ...
Its present desolation
Kishon - Kishon (hî'shon), bending, curved, or in one place, Psalms 83:9, Kison (kî'son), the present Nahr Mukâtta, a river which drains the plain of Esdraelon, passes through the plain of Acre, and falls into the Mediterranean
Armageddon - For an exposition of the apostle's meaning, the reader must be referred to commentaries; it will be sufficient here to say that there is an allusion to that great battle-field where Barak and Gideon conquered, Judges 4:1-24; Judges 5:19; Judges 6:33; Judges 7:1-25; where Saul and Josiah fell, 1 Samuel 29:1; 1 Samuel 31:1-13; 2 Samuel 4:4; 2 Chronicles 35:20-24; the plain of Esdraelon, on the southern border of which Megiddo stood
Megiddo - It lay in the southwest border of the plain of Esdraelon, near the Kishon, which is probably intended by "the waters of Megiddo," mentioned in the song of Deborah and Barak as the scene of their victory, Judges 5:19,21
Megiddo - The valley or plain of Megiddo was part of the plain of Esdraelon, the great battle-field of Palestine. Megiddo has been identified with the modern el-Lejjun, at the head of the Kishon, under the north-eastern brow of Carmel, on the south-western edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and 9 miles west of Jezreel
Esdraelon - From the foot of Mount Tabor it branches out into three valleys, that on the north passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judges 4:14 ); that on the south between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim (2 Kings 9:27 ); while the central portion, the "valley of Jezreel" proper, runs into the Jordan valley (which is about 1,000 feet lower than Esdraelon) by Bethshean. " "It has been a chosen place for encampment in every contest carried on in this country, from the days of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Assyrians, in the history of whose wars with Arphaxad it is mentioned as the Great Plain of Esdraelon, until the disastrous march of Napoleon Bonaparte from Egypt into Syria
Abiezer - the Esdraelon plain, the scene of so many contests
Ophrah - Suggested sites include et-Taiyibeh south of modern Tulkarm, et-Taiyibeh (Afula) on the Plain of Esdraelon west of Mount Moreh, and Fer'ata west of Mount Gerazim near Shechem
Gilboa - boundary of the Plain of Esdraelon
Carmel - It rose steeply from the sea, then extended inland in a mountain range about twenty kilometres long that divided between the Plain of Esdraelon to the north and the Plain of Sharon to the south
Jezreel - ...
...
A symbolical name given by Hosea to his oldest son (Hosea 1:4 ), in token of a great slaughter predicted by him, like that which had formerly taken place in the plain of Esdraelon (Compare Hosea 1:4,5 )
Aphek - But if they approached from Shunem ( 1 Samuel 28:4 ), Aphek must have been in Esdraelon in the neighbourhood of el-Fûleh
Jael - Wife of Heber the Kenite, slew Sisera, general of the Canaanitish army, who had fled to her tent, which was then temporarily on the western border of the plain of Esdraelon
Mount - The isolated peak of Tabor rises from the elevated plain of Esdraelon, which, in the south, is shut in by hills spreading over the greater part of Samaria
Dothan - edge of the Esdraelon plain, from which hills extending from Carmel range separate it
Geliloth - They are found in the Jordan valley, and in the plain of Esdraelon
Issachar - It included the plain of Esdraelon (=Jezreel), which was and still is the richest portion of Palestine (Deuteronomy 33:18,19 ; 1 Chronicles 12:40 )
Issachar - The tribe descended from him inherited land that covered the important Plain of Esdraelon and Valley of Jezreel in northern Israel (see PALESTINE; JEZREEL)
Jezreel - The Hebrew name from which is derived the name of the Plain of Esdraelon (see Esdraelon)
Nazareth - A town in the north border of the Plain of Esdraelon
Megiddo - Being situated at the western end of the Plain of Esdraelon, at the point where the main north-south and east-west highways crossed, it was involved in a number of important battles (Judges 5:19; 2 Kings 9:27; 2 Kings 23:29)
Tabor - It rises abruptly from the northeastern arm of the plain of Esdraelon, and stands entirely isolated except on the west, where a narrow ridge connects it with the hills of Nazareth
Megid'do - (place of crowns ) was in a very marked position on the southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon, on the frontier line of the territories of the tribes of Issachar and Manasseh, 6 miles from Mount Carmel and 11 from Nazareth
Beth-Shean, or Beth-Shan - More generally known by the name of Scythopolis, was situated two miles west of the Jordan, at the extremity of the valley of Jezreel, and arm of the great plain of Esdraelon, running down from it to the valley of the Jordan in a southeasterly direction
Jezreel - ) Jezreel of the north was situated on the edge of the Plain of Esdraelon, where the plain began to slope down into the Valley of Jezreel
Kishon River - through the Jezreel (Esdraelon) plain to the bay of Acca and the Mediterranean. the scene of similar battles of old, for Esdraelon was always a great battle field of Palestine, nachal qidumim
Jezreel - The Old Testament uses the name to refer to the entire valley of Jezreel which separates Galilee from Samaria, including the valley of Esdraelon
ja'el - ) In the headlong rout which followed the defeat of the Canaanites by Barak, at Megiddo on the plain of Esdraelon, Sisera, their general, fled to the tent of the Kenite chieftainess, at Kedesh in Naphtali, four miles northwest of Lake Merom
Hermon - Maundrell, in his journey from Aleppo, says that in three hours and a half from the river Kishon, he came to a small brook near which was an old village and a good kane, called Legune; not far from which his company took up their quarters for the night, and from whence they had an extensive prospect of the plain of Esdraelon
Jabin - The whole population were paralyzed with fear, and gave way to hopeless despondency (Judges 5:6-11 ), till Deborah and Barak aroused the national spirit, and gathering together ten thousand men, gained a great and decisive victory over Jabin in the plain of Esdraelon (Judges 4:10-16 ; Compare Psalm 83:9 )
Armageddon - The plain of Esdraelon, the great Old Testament battle field between Israel and the various enemies of Jehovah's people: the scene of Barak's victory over Canaan, and Gideon's over Midian (Judges 4; 5; 7), the scene also of Saul's death and Israel's defeat before the Philistines (1 Samuel 31), and of Josiah's death in battle with Pharaoh Necho (2 Kings 23:29-30)
Jezreel - Its elevated site gives one a fine view of the great plain of Esdraelon on the west, and the hills that border it; and towards the east it overhangs the wide and fertile "valley of Jezreel," Joshua 17:16 Judges 6:33 Hosea 1:5 , which runs down east-south-east from the great plain to the Jordan, between Gilboa and little Hermon. The great plain lying between Jezreel and Acre, called from two cities on its border in one part, "the valley of Megiddo," 2 Chronicles 35:22 , and in its western part or branch the "plain or valley of Jezreel," afterwards Esdraelon
Plains - Emek the valley of Jezreel (Esdraelon), the eastern part, Megiddo the western part, of the one plain
Tabor (1) - corner of the plain of Esdraelon, some 7 miles E. , over the great plain of Esdraelon to the mountains of Samaria and Carmel
Deborah - She summoned Barak from Kadesh to take the command of 10,000 men of Zebulun and Naphtali, and lead them to Mount Tabor on the plain of Esdraelon at its north-east end
Taanach - ) Taanach and Megiddo (1 Kings 4:12) were the chief towns of the fertile tract which forms the western part of the great Esdraelon valley
Carmel - A celebrated range of hills running northwest from the Plain of Esdraelon, and ending in the promontory which forms the bay of Acre. On reaching, at last, the opposite summit, and coming out of a wood, we saw the celebrated plain of Esdraelon beneath, with the river Kishon flowing through it; mounts Tabor and Little Hermon were in front, (east); and on the right, (south,) the prospect was bounded by the hills of Samaria
Nain - Across a narrow bay of Esdraelon rises Mt
Valley - ...
...
'Emek, "deep;" "a long, low plain" (Job 39:10,21 ; Psalm 65:13 ; Song of Solomon 2:1 ), such as the plain of Esdraelon; the "valley of giants" (Joshua 15:8 ), usually translated "valley of Rephaim" (2 Samuel 5:18 ); of Elah (1 Samuel 17:2 ), of Berachah (2 Chronicles 20:26 ); the king's "dale" (Genesis 14:17 ); of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:2,12 ), of Achor (Joshua 7:24 ; Isaiah 65:10 ), Succoth (Psalm 60:6 ), Ajalon (Joshua 10:12 ), Jezreel (Hosea 1:5 )
Judith, Book of - For instance, Scripture scholars find it difficult to identify the city of Bethulia with any ancient town in the Plain of Esdraelon where the writer of the Book locates it
Sisera -
The captain of Jabin's army (Judges 4:2 ), which was routed and destroyed by the army of Barak on the plain of Esdraelon
Bethshean - of and on the height over the Ghor or valley of the Jordan, connected with the great plain of Jezreel, Esdraelon (Joshua 17:11)
Taanach - One of the sites along the northern slope of the Mount Carmel range protecting the accesses from the Plain of Esdraelon to the region of Samaria
Sama'Ria, Country of - In New Testament times Sa maria was bounded northward by the range of hills which commences at Mount Carmel on the west, and, after making a bend to the southwest, runs almost due east to the valley of the Jordan, forming the southern border of the plain of Esdraelon
Tabor - An isolated mountain of Galilee, on the northeastern side of the plain of Esdraelon, an arm of which extends beyond the mountain in the same direction
Josi'ah - Necho reluctantly paused and gave him battle in the valley of Esdraelon
Armageddon - Armageddon, or the Mount of Megiddo, is located in the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel, a valley fourteen by twenty miles in size
Carmel - A mountain 12 miles in length that runs from the plain of Esdraelon in Galilee, in a N
Pisgah - , the Dead Sea and Jordan valley and the familiar objects near Jerusalem; and over Jordan, Gerizim's round top, and further the Esdraelon plain and the shoulder of Carmel; to the N
Jezreel (1) - ) Esdraelon. THE VALLEY OF JEZREEL (or Esdraelon, as it is called in Judith 3:9) stretches across the center of Palestine from the Mediterranean to the Jordan, separating Carmel and Samaria's mountain ranges from those of Galilee
Megiddo - The Importance of the site can be seen at a glance, for it guards the great pass from the Plain of Sharon to that of Esdraelon, which in all history, from Thothmes iii
Nazareth, Nazarene - It lay in the hill country north of the Plain of Esdraelon
Esdraelon - Jews, Gentiles, Saracens, Christians, crusaders, and antichristian Frenchmen, Egyptians, Persians, Druses, Turks, and Arabs, warriors out of every nation which is under heaven, have pitched their tents in the Plain of Esdraelon; and have beheld the various banners of their nations wet with the dews of Tabor and of Hermon
Galilee (2) - Originally it comprised the hilly and mountainous country to the north of the Plain of Esdraelon or the smaller plain of cl-Buttauf. —The southernmost division of Galilee was Esdraelon (G. The Plain of Esdraelon is watered by the Kishon flowing to the Mediterranean; but, as the edges are somewhat higher than the centre, it is often marshy. by the Plains of Esdraelon and Jezreel, on the E. From it one road passed through Bethshean, the Valley of Jezreel, and the Plain of Esdraelon, to the coast of the Mediterranean, and so on to Egypt; another by Cana and Sepphoris to Ptolemais. The main road from the shore of the Sea of Galilee to the highlands went by the Wady cl-Hammâm past Arbela, then between Tabor and the Nazareth hills to Esdraelon
Naz'Areth - It is situated among the hills which constitute the south ridges of Lebanon,just before they sink down into the plain of Esdraelon, (Mr
Nazareth - In a basin among hills descending into Esdraelon from Lebanon, and forming a valley which runs in a wavy line E. , the Esdraelon plain and the Samaria mountains on the S
Carmel - direction, bordering the plain of Esdraelon on the S
Barak - ...
This little army, aided by a providential storm in the enemy's face (according to Josephus), rushed down the hill of their encampment, Tabor, and routed Jabin's 900 iron chariots and unwieldy host in the plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon), "the battlefield of Palestine
Succoth - ...
The route into Canaan which the nomadic tribes, as Midian, always took ("the way of them that dwell in tents," Judges 8:11) was along the course of the Jabbok and so across Jordan opposite Bethshean, thence spreading over the Esdraelon plain
Carmel - "
A prominent headland of Central Palestine, consisting of several connected hills extending from the plain of Esdraelon to the sea, a distance of some 12 miles or more
Deborah - ...
With but 10,000 in his train ("at his feet"), by the Lord's interposition, descending from Mount Tabor, he defeated Sisera's mighty host and 900 chariots who were in the famous battlefield of Jezreel or Esdraelon, in the valley of Kishon. , a Jehovah-sent storm beat in their faces and on the Israelites' back (Josephus), swelling the Kishon, which suddenly fills up the dry channel and overflows the plain of Esdraelon, making it impassable with mud, especially to chariots, so that the" prancing horses" and their "mighty" riders were swept away
Galilee - It was bounded southward by the Carmel range and the southern border of the plain of Esdraelon, whence it stretched eastward by Bethshean (Scythopolis, Beisan) to the Jordan. Its further extension southward, to include the plain of Esdraelon, took place before the Maccabæan period
Tabor - The road from Nazareth lies for two hours between low hills; it then opens into the plain of Esdraelon. On the north- west you discern at a distance the Mediterranean, and all round you have the spacious and beautiful plains of Esdraelon and Galilee
ta'Bor - It rises abruptly from the northeastern arm of the plain of Esdraelon, and stands entirely insulated, except on the west where a narrow ridge connects it with the hills of Nazareth
Midianite - They were at length assailed by Gideon in that ever-memorable battle in the great plain of Esdraelon, and utterly destroyed (Jud (Judges 7 )
Asher - Their land included the maritime portion of the plain of Esdraelon
ta'Bor - It rises abruptly from the northeastern arm of the plain of Esdraelon, and stands entirely insulated, except on the west where a narrow ridge connects it with the hills of Nazareth
Megiddo - edge of the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain, the frontier of Issachar and Manasseh, commanding a pass from the N
Tabor - of Esdraelon plain
Issachar - ]'>[8] ’s lot ( Joshua 19:17-23 ) assigns to the tribe sixteen cities and their villages, scattered throughout the eastern end of the rich Plain of Esdraelon and the Valley of Jezreel
Kishon - The ancient name of the stream now called Nahr el-Mukatta ’, which drains almost the whole area of the great Plain of Esdraelon
Josiah - ...
The army of Judah went out and encountered that of Egypt at Megiddo, on the verge of the plain of Esdraelon
Locust - of the Jordan swarmed on to the Plain of Esdraelon, an eye-witness looking from Nazareth described the plain as stripped utterly bare, ‘just as if the locusts had been over it
Plain - ’ It generally designates a broad vale between hills; among the localities to which it was applied the most notable are the pass between Lebanon and Hermon (‘the valley of Lebanon,’ Joshua 11:17 ; Joshua 12:7 ), and the plain of Esdraelon (‘the valley of Megiddo,’ 2 Chronicles 35:22 , Zee 12:11)
Palestine - The plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon on its northern side, separating the Ephraim mountains from those of Galilee, and stretching across from the Mediterranean to the Jordan valley, was the great battlefield of Palestine. of the Esdraelon plain, 1,900. to the Jordan, except at the Esdraelon plain and the far N. Thus Rameses II marched against the Chitti or Hittites in northern Syria, and Pharaoh Necho fought at Mefiddo in the Esdraelon plain, the battlefield of Palestine; they did not meddle with the central highlands, "The S. of Esdraelon the Galilee hills abound in timber, the land round Tabor is clad in dark oak, forming a contrast to jebel ed Duhy (Little Hermon) and Nazareth's white hills. of Esdraelon plain and N. Esdraelon plain is watered by the finest springs of Palestine, and has a volcanic soil
Ben-Hadad - But instead of smiting the ground repeatedly he only smote thrice from want of faith; so, instead of destroying the Syrians as he might have done, he only was to smite them thrice, which he did in Aphek (2 Kings 13:14-19) in the Esdraelon plain, where Ahab had defeated Ben-Hadad I (1 Kings 20:26); compare Amos 1:3-4, which foretells Ben-Hadad's overthrow
Nazareth - Towards the south, spreads the broad and beautiful plain of Esdraelon, with the bold outline of Mount Tabor, and parts of Little Hermon and Gilboa visible on its eastern border, and the hills of Samaria on the south, while Carmel rises on the west of the plain, and dips his feet in the blue waters of the Mediterranean
Gal'Ilee - " Lower Galilee included the great plain of Esdraelon with its offshoots, which ran down to the Jordan and the Lake of Tiberias, and the whole of the hill country adjoining it on the north to the foot of the mountain range
Galilee - Given originally to the highlands on the extreme northern border, this name gradually extended itself southwards over the hill-country till it reached and eventually included the Plain of Esdraelon (G. For the most part, however, Esdraelon seems to have been a frontier or arena of battle, rather than an actual part of Galilee. The naturallimits are Esdraelon, the Mediterranean Sea, the Jordan valley, and the gorge of the river Litany. , the southern edge of Esdraelon on the S
Zebedee - It was bounded on the east by that tribe, while on the south it seems to have touched the northern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and to have included a portion of it towards the Kishon at the foot of Carmel. Apart from the southwest portion in the plain of Esdraelon, the tribal lands consist of undulating hills and narrow valleys, which, however, widen out at places into small but extremely fertile plains, the chief of which are the plain of Toran in the east, the plain of Suchnîn in the north, and el-Battauf or the plain of Asochis in the centre. To the south the plain of Esdraelon, the battle-ground of Israel, lies stretched out—a glorious panorama
Palestine - Usually it is divided into three sections: (1) the Plain of Philistia, roughly from south of Gaza to Joppa (Tel Aviv); (2) the Plain of Sharon, from Joppa north to the promontory of the Carmel chain; and (3) the detached Plain of Acco, which merges with the Plain of Esdraelon, the historic gateway inland and to the regions to the north and east. The only major break in the mountain range is the Plain of Esdraelon also called the Valley of Jezreel. It forms the southern side of the Plain of Esdraelon, with the ancient fortress of Megiddo standing as one of its key cities. ...
(3) Galilee North of the Plain of Esdraelon and south of the Leontes River lies the region called Galilee
Palestine - The whole land consists of rounded limestone hills, fretted into countless stony valleys, offering but rarely level tracts, of which Esdraelon alone, below Nazareth, is large enough to be seen on the map. These four provinces were, (1) Judea, the southern portion of the country; (2) Samaria, the middle province, the northern boundary of which ran along the hills to the south of the plain of Esdraelon; (3) Galilee, the northern province; and (4) Peraea (a Greek name meaning the "opposite country"), the country lying east of the Jordan and the Dead Sea
Tabor, Mount - —A notable landmark, of rare beauty and symmetry, six miles east of Nazareth, on the north-east arm of the plain of Esdraelon
Canaan - The plain of the Mediterranean, of Esdraelon, and of Jericho, are celebrated as the scenes of many important events. In lower Galilee we find the great and beautiful plain of Esdraelon, extending from mount Carmel and Acre on the west to Tabor and Gilboa, and even to the Jordan on the east
Geology of Palestine - North of Carmel, Esdraelon and the narrow strip that extends as far as Beyrout is the continuation of the same division
Army - Judaea and the northern kingdom Israel being hilly, were little suited for chariots and horsemen, except in the plains of Esdraelon and Philistia, and toward Egypt and Syria
Ebal - The conquest of the heart of the country by Joshua, mount Ephraim, Esdraelon or the Jezreel valley, is not detailed; but the narrative passes from his conquest of the S
Zebulun - , on the farther side of the plain of Esdraelon
Manasseh - Thus the western Manasseh defended the passes of Esdraelon as the eastern kept the passes of the Hauran
Carmel - from the more inland plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel on the N
Manasseh (1) - ...
On their complaining that but one portion had been allotted to them, and that the Canaanite chariots prevented their occupying the Esdraelon and Jordan plains, Joshua advised them to go into the wooded mountain, probably Carmel
Philis'Tines - The scene of the next conflict was far to the north, in the valley of Esdraelon
Galilee - , including the rich plain of Esdraelon, the heritage of Issachar, who submitted to servitude, to "tribute," for the sake of the rich plenty that accompanied it (Genesis 49:14-15; Deuteronomy 33:18)
Magdala - The suggestion of Ewald that its site is identical with Megiddo, on the southern border of the Esdraelon plain, does not harmonize with the facts of the narrative, and apparently rests upon a very slender foundation
Ephraim (1) - The plain of Esdraelon, to the N
Samaria - toward Jordan, forming the southern boundary of the plain Esdraelon (Jezreel); including Ephraim and the Manasseh W
Josiah - There, in the great battle field of Palestine, Esdraelon plain, Necho, when they met face to face, slew him
Trade And Commerce - From Gaza and Acre roads met in the plain of Esdraelon, the former going through the depressions of Judæa and Samaria. From the plain of Esdraelon a road led to Damascus, touching the N
Canaan - ; the plain of Sharon and seashore between Jaffa and Carmel; that of Esdraelon, or Jezreel, behind the bay of Acta; that of Phoenicia containing Tyre and Sidon (Numbers 13:29). So we find them in the upper Jordan valley at Bethshean, Esdraelon (Jezreel), Taanach, Ibleam, Megiddo, the Sharon plain, Dor, the Phoenician Accho and Sidon (Joshua 17:16; Judges 1:19; Judges 4:3
Issachar - 5:1, section 22); it consisted of the very rich plain of Jezreel or Esdraelon
Ahab - Ahab was pre-eminent for luxurious tastes; his elaborately ornamented ivory palace (1 Kings 22:39; Amos 3:15), the many cities he built or restored, as Jericho (then belonging to Israel, not Judah) in defiance of Joshua's curse (1 Kings 16:34), his palace and park at Jezreel (now Zerin), in the plain of Esdraelon, his beautiful residence while Samaria was the capital, all show his magnificence
Jerusalem - ...
Modern Jerusalem "lies near the summit of a broad mountain-ridge, which extends without interruption from the plain of Esdraelon to a line drawn between the southern end of the Dead Sea and the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean
Judah - until interrupted by Esdraelon plain, and having on it Hebron, Jerusalem, and Shechem; this "mountain of Judah" abounds in rains of former towns; springs are numerous, as at Urtas near Solomon's pools, but no streams
Palestine - The long ranges of Lebanon throw off their southern spurs in Galilee, and the range ends suddenly in the line of steep mountain-side which runs along the northern edge of the Plain of Esdraelon. Samaria lies to the south of Esdraelon, a region of finely sweeping valleys and hills of soft and rounded outline. From the heights of Nazareth He had seen the march of the legions on the Roman road across Esdraelon from Acre to the Jordan, and watched the long lines of laden camels moving slowly from the coast to Damascus and back, along the road that lies like a flung ribbon along the hillsides to the north
Palestine - This plain widens southward from Carmel to a maximum breadth of about 20 miles, while to the north of that promontory it develops into the great plain of Esdraelon, which intersects the mountain region and affords the most easy passage into the heart of the country. ( b ) The second strip is the mountainous ridge of Judæa and Samaria, on the summit of which are Hebron, Jerusalem, and other important towns and villages; and which, with the single interruption of the piain of Esdraelon, runs continuously from the south border of the country to join the system of the Lebanon
Saul - ...
After some time the Philistines "gathered themselves together" in the plain of Esdraelon, and pitched their camp at Shunem, on the slope of Little Hermon; and Saul "gathered all Israel together," and "pitched in Gilboa" (1 Samuel 28:3-14 )
Samaria - was the southern edge of the Plain of Esdraelon, on the W
Jordan - Conder considers the tells in the Jordan valley and the Esdraelon plain as artificial, and probably the site of the stronghold of ancient towns; the slopes are steep; good water is always near; they are often where no natural elevation afforded a site for a fortress
Palesti'na - This central lowland, which divides with its broad depression the mountains of Ephraim from the mountains of Galilee is the plain of Esdraelon or Jezreel the great battle-field of Palestine. The low hills which spread down from the mountains of Galilee, and form the barrier between the plains of Akka and Esdraelon, are covered with timber, of moderate size it is true, but of thick, vigorous growth, and pleasant to the eye
Samaria, Samaritans - We learn that Ginea—the modern Jenîn—on the south edge of the plain of Esdraelon, was its northern boundary (Ant. ...
The region consists of scattered mountain groups and rounded hills with plains between, the chief of these being Merj el-Mahna, to the east of Nâblus, Merj el-Ghuruk or the plain of Sanur (a lake in the winter and spring), and the plain of Dothan, which last opens into the plain of Esdraelon
Solomon - )...
Among his buildings were the famous Tadmor or Palmyra in the wilderness, to carry on commerce with inland Asia, and store cities in Hamath; Bethhoron, the Upper and the Nether, on the border toward Philistia and Egypt; Hazor and Megiddo, guarding the plain of Esdraelon; Baalath or Baalbek, etc
Judea - Its principal cities were Samaria, the capital of the kingdom of Israel, north of Sichem, and equally distant from Jordan and the sea coast, afterward named Sebaste by Herod, in honour of Augustus; Jezrael, or Esdraelon, about four leagues north from Samaria; Sichem, or Sychar, called by the Romans Neapolis, eight miles south of Samaria, in a valley between the mountains Gerizim and Ebal; Bethsan, called by the Greek writers Scythopolis, about twenty miles north-east of Sichem; Caesarea of Palestine, anciently called Turris Stratonis, greatly enlarged by Herod, and long the principal city of the province, about nineteen leagues north north-west from Jerusalem; Dora, now Tartura, nine miles north from Caesarea, on the road to Tyre; Apollonia, now Arzuf, on the sea coast, twenty-two miles south of Caesarea; and Hadadrimmon, afterward called Maximianopolis, about seventeen miles eastward of Caesarea
Jeru'Salem - "It was on the ridge, the broadest and most strongly-marked ridge of the backbone of the complicated hills which extend through the whole country from the plain of Esdraelon to the desert
Elijah - Ahab rides in his chariot across the plain 16 miles to Jezreel, in haste lest the rainflood of the Kishon should make the Esdraelon or Jezreel plain impassable with mud; Elijah, with Spirit-imparted strength from "the hand of the Lord upon" him, running before, but no further than the entrance of the city, for he shrank from the contamination of the court and its luxuries