What does Dispensations mean in the Bible?


Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Dispensations
Various dispensations have been traced in the development of God's dealings with mankind.
(1) The dispensation of innocence in Eden.
(2) The Adamic dispensation of promise (Genesis 3:15) after the fall, down to the flood; the remembrance of the promise being kept alive by sacrifice.
(3) The dispensation of Noah, like that of Adam, requiring, besides the duties of the light of nature, repentance for sin, faith in God's mercy, hope of the promised Savior, kept up by sacrifices; to which were added the prohibition to shed blood of man on penalty of death, and to eat animals' blood, and the permission to eat flesh (Genesis 9); extending from the flood to Abraham.
(4) The Abrahamic covenant of more explicit promise (Genesis 12; Genesis 15; Genesis 17; Genesis 22; Galatians 3), extending to the dispensation of
(5) The law, which was parenthetically introduced to be the schoolmaster until Christ, the end of the promise and the law, should come. It is made an objection to the Jewish dispensation that it was restricted to one nation; but its influence extended beyond Israel to the adjoining nations, Egypt famed for wisdom, the Canaanites for war, Phoenicia for commerce, and ultimately to Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. Compare Exodus 9:16; Numbers 14:20-21; Jeremiah 39:12; Jeremiah 40:2. (See DANIEL) (Daniel 4:37; Daniel 6:25-27; Ezra 1:1, etc.) Zoroaster was probably contemporary with Daniel, and drew from the Hebrew Scriptures the principles on which he reformed the Persian religion which had become corrupted by the worship of fire, and of an evil principle as well as a good.
Judea's position at the head of the Mediterranean, near Phoenicia, Egypt, Assyria, and Greece, adapted it for a worldwide influence. The Divine Lawgiver from the very time of instituting the Law (Deuteronomy 18) looked forward to (Deuteronomy 18:6) the Christian dispensation, which was to embody its spirit while superseding its letter (2 Corinthians 3:6-18). The gospel dispensation is the last, and is called "the world to come" (Hebrews 2:5), "the ends of the world" (1 Corinthians 10:11), "these last days" (Hebrews 1:2), "the kingdom of God" or "of the heavens" (Matthew 4:17). It has successive stages:
(i.) the present, "the ministration of the Spirit" (2 Corinthians 3:8), "the times of the Gentiles" (Luke 21:24), the period during which "the kingdom of God cometh not with observation" (Luke 17:20);
(ii.) the epiphany of the glory of the great God and Savior (Titus 2:13), the manifested kingdom when He "will restore it to Israel" (Acts 1:6-7; Ezekiel 21:27), and Himself shall "take His great power and reign" with His transfigured saints for a thousand years over the nations in the flesh, and Israel at their head (Zechariah 14; Isaiah 2; 65; 66; Revelation 11:15; Revelation 11:17; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 5:20);
(iii.) the final ages of ages, when there shall be the new heavens and earth and the holy new Jerusalem coming down from God out of heaven (Revelation 21; 22).
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Dispensations
DIVINE. These are otherwise called "the ways of God," and denote those schemes or methods which are devised and pursued by the wisdom and goodness of God, in order to manifest his perfections and will to mankind, for the purpose of their instruction, discipline, reformation, and advancement in rectitude of temper and conduct, in order to promote their happiness. These are the grand ends of the divine dispensations; and in their aptitude to promote these ends consist their excellence and glory. The works or constitutions of nature are, in a general sense, divine dispensations, by which God condescends to display to us his being and attributes, and thus to lead us to the acknowledgment, adoration, and love, of our Creator Father, and Benefactor. The sacred Scriptures reveal and record other dispensations of divine providence, which have been directed to the promotion of the religious principles, moral conduct, and true happiness of mankind. These have varied in several ages of the world, and have been adapted by the wisdom and goodness of God to the circumstances of his intelligent and accountable creatures. In this sense the various revelations which God has communicated to mankind at different periods, and the means he has used, as occasion has required, for their discipline and improvement, have been justly denominated divine dispensations. Accordingly, we read in the works of theological writers of the various dispensations of religion; that of the patriarchs, that of Moses, and that of Christ, called the dispensation of grace, the perfection and ultimate object of every other. All these were adapted to the conditions of the human race at these several periods; all, in regular succession, were mutually connected and rendered preparatory one to the other; and all were subservient to the design of saving the world, and promoting the perfection and happiness of its rational and moral inhabitants. See COVENANT .

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Sacraments, Congregation of the - Provides for and regulates the reception and reservation of the Seven Sacraments, Dispensations for candidates for Holy Orders, and Dispensations for Matrimony
Dispensation, Dispensationalism - Scofield says there are seven Dispensations: of innocence, of conscience, of government, of promise, of law, of grace, and of the kingdom. Dispensationalists interpret the scriptures in light of these (or other perceived) Dispensations
Dispensations - These are the grand ends of the divine Dispensations; and in their aptitude to promote these ends consist their excellence and glory. The works or constitutions of nature are, in a general sense, divine Dispensations, by which God condescends to display to us his being and attributes, and thus to lead us to the acknowledgment, adoration, and love, of our Creator Father, and Benefactor. The sacred Scriptures reveal and record other Dispensations of divine providence, which have been directed to the promotion of the religious principles, moral conduct, and true happiness of mankind. In this sense the various revelations which God has communicated to mankind at different periods, and the means he has used, as occasion has required, for their discipline and improvement, have been justly denominated divine Dispensations. Accordingly, we read in the works of theological writers of the various Dispensations of religion; that of the patriarchs, that of Moses, and that of Christ, called the dispensation of grace, the perfection and ultimate object of every other
Dispensation - There are usually reckoned three Dispensations, the Patriarchal, the Mosaic or Jewish, and the Christian. Dispensations of Providence are providential events which affect men either in the way of mercy or of judgement
Apostolic Expeditors - Official agents of bishops and others requesting favors or Dispensations from the Datary and Apostolic Chancery
Expeditors, Apostolic - Official agents of bishops and others requesting favors or Dispensations from the Datary and Apostolic Chancery
Contented - It is our duty to be contented with the Dispensations of providence
Ethiopia - Blessed are the promises concerning the call of Ethiopia to the Lord, in the latter Dispensations of the gospel
Scornful - In Scripture, holding religion in contempt treating with disdain religion and the Dispensations of God
Rescripts - In Dispensations the rescript sometimes empowers the local bishops to dispense, at other times it contains a direct dispensation
Order of Friars Minor Conventuals - The friars observe the rule of Saint Francis, with certain Dispensations in regard to poverty. They acknowledge the Dispensations contained therein and hence are not bound by all the obligations of the Observants and the Capuchin Friars Minor
Dispensation - The state of supernatural or revealed theology may also be divided into six Dispensations. Watts observes, appears, if we consider that it contains the fairest and fullest representation of the moral law; and which is more particularly explained here than in any of the former Dispensations. The Son of God, who was the real mediator through all former Dispensations, has condescended to become the visible mediator of this dispensation. the encouragements and persuasive helps which Christianity gives us to fulfil the duties of the covenant, are much superior to those which were enjoyed under any of the former Dispensations
Dispensatory - ) Granting, or authorized to grant, Dispensations
Erastianism - A system based on an analogy between the Christian and Jewish Dispensations, founded in the 16th century by Erastus, a follower of Zwingli, whose real name was Thomas Liebr
Dispensation - Neither are Gods methods or intentions different in his Dispensations to each private man. The pope has power to dispense with the canons of the church, but has no right to grant Dispensations to the injury of a third person
Dispensation - In the Patriarchal, Mosaic, and Christian Dispensations, God has commenced, enlarged, and perfected his revelation of himself and his grace to this world, Ephesians 1:10 Colossians 1:25
Penitentiary - Penitentiary, also, in the court of Rome, is an office in which are examined and delivered out the secret bulls, Dispensations, &c
Meek - Appropriately,humble, in an evangelical sense submissive to the divine will not proud, self-sufficient or refractory not peevish and apt to complain of divine Dispensations
Covenant Theology - A system of theology that views God's dealings with man in respect of covenants rather than Dispensations (periods of time)
Dispensation - ) A system of principles, promises, and rules ordained and administered; scheme; economy; as, the Patriarchal, Mosaic, and Christian Dispensations
Henry iv, King - The reasons approved were lack of necessary Dispensations (the ceremony had been performed by the Cardinal of Bourbon, before the Dispensations necessary because of difference in religion were granted) and want of consent of one of the parties (Margaret claimed that she had never consented to the contract and had been forced by her brother, Charles IX)
Dataria, Apostolic - It used to grant besides concessions pertaining to benefices other graces of the external forum, such as matrimonial Dispensations
Wisdom of God - This appears in all the works of his hands, Psalms 104:24 ; in the Dispensations of his providence, Psalms 97:1-2 ; in the work of redemption, Ephesians 3:10 ; in the government and preservation of his church in all ages, Psalms 107:7
Testament, New - The two covenants are always in Scripture the two Dispensations: that under Moses is the old, that under the Messiah is the new. These terms, from signifying the two Dispensations, came soon to denote the books wherein they were written, the sacred writings of the Jews being called the Old Testament; and the writings superadded by the apostles and evangelists, the New Testament
Testament - The name is equivalent to covenant, and in our use of it, we apply it to the books which contain the old and new Dispensations that of Moses, and that of Jesus Christ
Penitentiary - , and delivers decisions, Dispensations, etc
Transfiguration - By communing with Christ on the theme most momentous to mankind, his atoning death, they evinced the harmony that exists between the old and new Dispensations, and the sympathy between heaven and earth; while the voice from heaven in their hearing gave him honor and authority over all
Sacred Penitentiaria - It is empowered to grant favors of all kinds for the internal forum: absolutions, Dispensations, commutations, ratifications in the matter of impediments, and condonations
Dispensation - Dispensations are granted from fasting, abstinence, from vows in certain cases, reading the Divine Office, etc
Marcion - Amazed at what he considered the opposition between the Old and New Dispensations, Marcion rejected the former and declared the Apostles had been in error in linking the New Covenant with the Old
Marcionites - Amazed at what he considered the opposition between the Old and New Dispensations, Marcion rejected the former and declared the Apostles had been in error in linking the New Covenant with the Old
Marcionites - Amazed at what he considered the opposition between the Old and New Dispensations, Marcion rejected the former and declared the Apostles had been in error in linking the New Covenant with the Old
Shur - And how many of God's dear children have found the same wilderness Dispensations laying a foundation for rich enjoyments! I verily believe that the family of Jesus would have lost some of their most precious seasons, had they lost some of their wilderness exercises
Roman Congregation - Its function is to see that laws are observed, to publish instructions to this end, to apply the law in particular cases, and to grant Dispensations within its competency
Reconcile - It is our duty to be reconciled to the Dispensations of Providence
Theology - Signifies that science which treats of the being and attributes of God, his relations to us, the Dispensations of his providence, his will with respect to our actions, and his purposes with respect to our end
Pomegranate - In a spiritual sense, believers may be said to entertain Christ when, in their exercises of faith in any of the gracious, or providential Dispensations of the Lord, our sorrows are so sweetly tinged with the presence and sanctifying blessings of the Lord, that they are like to spiced wine in which is infused the juice of the pomegranate
Dispensation - ...
Darby set forth the idea that God has set up seven time periods called Dispensations for His work among human beings. He set forth seven Dispensations in God's dealing with human beings. ...
Program of Eschatology Beyond the seven Dispensations, the Darby movement had a definite program of eschatology in five steps
Cancellarius - In canon law, the bishop of each diocese appoints a priest as diocesan chancellor, who in virtue of this office becomes an ecclesiastical notary and is charged with the care, arrangement, and indexing of the diocesan archives, records of Dispensations, of ecclesiastical trials, etc
Chancellor - In canon law, the bishop of each diocese appoints a priest as diocesan chancellor, who in virtue of this office becomes an ecclesiastical notary and is charged with the care, arrangement, and indexing of the diocesan archives, records of Dispensations, of ecclesiastical trials, etc
Voluntary - ...
Voluntary jurisdiction, is that which is exercised in doing that which no one opposes as in granting Dispensations, &c
Incest - But they had Dispensations for these unnatural marriages from his holiness
Mount Paran - ) So that Paran hath proved an asylum to the distressed on many occasions, as recorded in the Scriptures; and in how many more that are not recorded in public memorials , who shall say! It is blessed when souls under exercise find the Lord in the wilderness Dispensations, who have missed such discoveries in the peopled city
All-Sufficiency of God - To be satisfied with his Dispensations, Romans 8:28
Micah - The style of Micah is nervous, concise, and elegant, often elevated, and poetical, but sometimes obscure from sudden transitions of subject; and the contrast of the neglected duties of justice, mercy, humility, and piety, with the punctilious observance of the ceremonial sacrifices, affords a beautiful example of the harmony which subsists between the Mosaic and Christian Dispensations, and shows that the law partook of that spiritual nature which more immediately characterizes the religion of Jesus
Presumption - Deuteronomy 1:13 ; inattention to the remonstrances of conscience, Acts 7:51 ; opposition to the Dispensations of Providence, 2 Chronicles 28:22 ; and repeated commission of the same sin, Psalms 78:17
Laurentius (15) - 493) that the de Duobus Temporibus is lost, for it is evidently the homily de Poenitentia, which opens with an exposition of the "duo tempora," which terms he employs somewhat in the sense of the two Dispensations for the divine pardon of sin
Divorce - Rome makes marriage a sacrament, and indissoluble except by her lucrative ecclesiastical Dispensations
Meditation - Deuteronomy 32:4 ; the excellencies, offices, characters, and works of Christ, Hebrews 12:2-3 ; the offices and operations of the Holy Spirit, John 15:16 : the various Dispensations of Providence, Psalms 97:1-2 ; the precepts, declarations, promises, &c
Dispensations - Various Dispensations have been traced in the development of God's dealings with mankind
Baal - The Lord sets himself therefore to bring them back, and in opening to them the prospects of salvation, shews how he will bring them under afflictions, in wilderness Dispensations, and then having hedged their way up with thorns, compels them, by his grace, to return to him their first lover
Fall of Man - It is referred to by our Lord and his apostles not only as being true, but as furnishing the ground of all God's subsequent Dispensations and dealings with the children of men
Axe - As the axe of the backwoodsman has been tempered in fire and water past the useless state of brittleness and beyond the extremity of hardness, so the tempering of the reformer is done, on the one hand, in a series of Divine and delicate processes in the personality of him who is being touched to fine issues by the Spirit, for the service of God and man, and, on the other hand, in a parallel series of providential Dispensations in the mind and environment of the people, the race, or the institution with which he has to deal
Beer-la-Hai-Roi - "...
I cannot dismiss the subject before that I have first requested the reader to ask himself, whether, when at any time in the wilderness frames of his own heart, or under the wilderness Dispensations the Lord hath brought him into, he hath not often found a well of seasonable and unexpected supplies, like that of Hagar, so that he could call it Beer-la-hai-roi? How very often hath it been found, yea, it may always be found, in the believer's exercises, that where we least expected, there most of Jesus hath been discovered
Napoleon i - Ecclesiastical councils, summoned 1811 by Napoleon, to decide about Dispensations and canonical institution of bishops during the pope's captivity, resulted, after two dissolutions and misrepresentations of negotiations with Pius, in the passage of a decree providing canonical institution by the metropolitan within six months, if the pope refused
Day of the Lord - See Dispensations
Advocate - There are three Dispensations in the history of redemption, each richer and fuller than the last: (1) The OT dispensation, under which men knew only of God in high heaven; (2) that of the Incarnation, under which the Father came near to men in Jesus Christ and by His gracious advocacy appealed to their hearts; (3) that of the Holy Spirit, under which the Holy Spirit is the Father’s Advocate here, and Jesus ‘our Advocate above, our Friend before the throne of love
Moses - ...
The law having been given through Moses, his name is often used where the law is alluded to; and Moses is mentioned by the Apostle John when contrasting the Dispensations of the law and the gospel: "The law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. The fact of the two Dispensations being entirely different furnishes the reason why Moses was not allowed to enter into Canaan
Arians - ...
Those who hold the doctrine which is usually called Low Arianism, say that Christ pre-existed; but not as the eternal Logos of the Father, or as the being by whom he made the worlds, and had intercourse with the patriarchs, or as having any certain rank or employment whatever in the divine Dispensations
Romans - The Apostle, after expressing his affection to the Roman Christians, and asserting that the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation to all who believe, takes a comprehensive view of the conduct and condition of men under the different Dispensations of Providence; he shows that all mankind, both Jews and Gentiles, were equally "under sin," and liable to the wrath and punishment of God; that therefore there was a necessity for a universal propitiation and redemption, which were now offered to the whole race of men, without any preference or exception, by the mercy of him who is the God of the Gentiles as well as of the Jews; that faith in Jesus Christ, the universal Redeemer, was the only means of obtaining this salvation, which the deeds of the law were wholly incompetent to procure; that as the sins of the whole world originated from the disobedience of Adam, so the justification from those sins was to be derived from the obedience of Christ; that all distinction between Jew and Gentile was now abolished, and the ceremonial law entirely abrogated; that the unbelieving Jews would be excluded from the benefits of the Gospel, while the believing Gentiles would be partakers of them; and that this rejection of the Jews, and call of the Gentiles, were predicted by the Jewish Prophets Hosea and Isaiah
Church - It is also applied to the people of God in all ages of the world, whether Jews or Christians, Acts 7:38; Acts 12:1; Ephesians 3:21; Ephesians 5:25; for although there have been two Dispensations, viz
Luke, Gospel of - Hence the present operation of grace and its effect are more referred to, and even the present time prophetically, not the substitution of other Dispensations, as in Matthew, but of saving, heavenly grace
Joshua - Having accomplished that arduous enterprise, and settled the chosen tribes in the peaceable possession of their inheritance, he retired to Shechem, or, according to some Greek copies, to Shiloh; where he assembled the elders of Israel, the heads of families, the judges and other officers; and, presenting themselves before God, he recapitulated the conduct of Divine Providence toward them, from the days of Abraham to that moment; recounted the miraculous and gracious Dispensations of God toward their fathers and themselves; reminded them of their present enviable lot, and concluded his solemn address with an exhortation in these emphatic words: "Now, therefore, fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity and truth; and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the Lord," Joshua 24
Heart - Judicial hardness is perpetual; or, if ever there be any remorse or relenting, it is only at such times when the sinner is under some outward afflictions, or filled with the dread of the wrath of God; but as this wears off or abates, his stupidity returns as much or more than ever, Exodus 9:27 ; but true believers, when no adverse Dispensations trouble them, are often distressed because their hearts are no more affected in holy duties, or inflamed with love to God, Romans 7:15
Glorify - God is said to be glorified, when we honour him in his word, his attributes, his perfections, and in all his Dispensations, both in nature, providence and grace
Garden - " (Isaiah 27:3) And how, through pruning Dispensations weeding out the remains of indwelling corruption in the heart, and by the digging round and nourishing the graces of her Lord's own planting, doth Jesus keep alive and cause to flourish the several circumstances of his church and people
Rock - ...
And as these several Dispensations pointed all to Christ as the only possible supply for the church, so the church is uniformly considered under every estate, both in the Old Testament and New, as living by faith upon Jesus, and deriving all supplies from him
Knowledge of God (1) - Our views of things, at present, are obscure, imperfect, partial, and liable to error; but when we arrive to the realms of everlasting light, the clouds that shadowed our understanding will be removed; we shall behold with amazing clearness the attributes, ways, and works of God; shall perceive more distinctly the design of his Dispensations; shall trace with rapture the wonders of nature and grace, and become acquainted with a thousand glorious objects, or which the imagination can as yet have no conception
Angel - Some add the Dispensations of God's providence, either beneficial or calamitous, Genesis 24:7
the Angel of the Lord - So that he appears as the Jehovah of all the three Dispensations, and yet is invariably described as a separate person from the unseen Jehovah who sends him
Mount Mountain - The contrast between the two Dispensations is thus emphasized: Sinai, sensible, provisional, and accompanied by the physical phenomena of the world; Zion, ideal, super-sensible, abiding, final, and pertaining to the world above
Kingdom - ' He is everywhere and above all Dispensations, whereas 'the heavens' are distinguished from the earth, until the Kingdom comes in judgment and power and glory (Revelation 11:15 , RV) when rule in heaven and on earth will be one
Palm Tree - Many parts of Scripture correspond in speaking of the real disciple of Christ as one whose "leaf shall never fade nor fall;" and certainly, in the unceasing spring and summer of his glorious head, into whom he is ingrafted, there are no wintery Dispensations or change
Mount Mountain - The contrast between the two Dispensations is thus emphasized: Sinai, sensible, provisional, and accompanied by the physical phenomena of the world; Zion, ideal, super-sensible, abiding, final, and pertaining to the world above
Malachi - Malachi was Jehovah's last inspired messenger of Old Testament, announcing the advent of the great Messenger of New Testament; the transition link between the two Dispensations, "the skirt and boundary of Christianity," to which is due his abrupt earnestness
Polygamy - "When we reflect, " says he, "that the primitive institution of marriage limited it to one man and one woman; that this institution was adhered to by Noah and his sons, amidst the degeneracy of the age in which they lived, and in spite of the examples of polygamy which the accursed race of Cain had introduced; when we consider how very few (comparatively speaking) the examples of this practice were among the faithful; how much it brought its own punishment with it; and how dubious and equivocal those passages are in which it appears to have the sanction of the divine approbation; when to these reflections we add another, respecting the limited views and temporary nature of the more ancient Dispensations and institutions of religion how often the imperfections and even vices of the patriarchs and people of God in old times are recorded, without any express notification of their criminality how much is said to be commanded, which our reverence for the holiness of God and his law will only suffer us to suppose were for wise ends permitted; how frequently the messengers of god adapted themselves to the genius of the people to whom they were sent, and the circumstances of the times in which they lived; above all, when we consider the purity, equity, and benevolence of the Christian law, the explicit declaration of our Lord and his apostle Paul respecting the institution of marriage, its design and limitation; when we reflect, too, on the testimony of the most ancient fathers, who could not possibly be ignorant of the general and common practice of the apostolic church; and, finally, when to these considerations we add those which are founded on justice to the female sex, and all the regulations of domestic aeconomy and national policy, we must wholly condemn the revival of polygamy
Judaizing Christians - They regarded the two Dispensations as forming one whole; and believed that the rites which had distinguished from the rest of mankind those who belonged to the commonwealth of Israel, would in the same manner mark the disciples of the Messiah's kingdom
Praise - It is the very atmosphere of both Dispensations
Baptism, Christian - It is the "kingdom of God," one historic kingdom under all Dispensations
Nativity of Christ - 176, 317; John Edwards's Survey of all the Dispensations and Methods of Religion chap
Ecclesiastes, the Book of - Man's way to escape from the vanity that attends his work, however successful it seem for a time, is to "fear God," and to make His commandments the end of all our work; also to acquiesce patiently, cheerfully, and contentedly in all God's Dispensations, however trying and dark (Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 3:12-13; Ecclesiastes 3:22; Ecclesiastes 5:17; Ecclesiastes 8:15; Ecclesiastes 9:7)
Daniel, Book of - Those interpreters who use a dispensational system (see Dispensations) to interpret Daniel see antichrist , tribulation , and the final kingdom pictured in Daniel
Discipline - Pain and sorrow, frustrated hopes, long delays, loneliness, changed circumstances, persecution, the death of loved ones, and other ‘dispensations of Providence,’ are designed to chasten and ennoble the soul
Parousia (2) - That shall be the Last Day, when the human race shall have had its full trial under the Dispensations of the Divine truth and grace,—the winding-up of the world’s history
Prophecy - ) The Scripture prophecies, on the other hand, constitute a series of divine predictions, relating principally to one grand object, of universal importance, the work of man's redemption, and carried on in regular progression through the patriarchal, Jewish, and Christian Dispensations, with a harmony and uniformity of design, clearly indicating one and the same divine Author. ...
Beside these historical passages, of which the covert allusions were explained by the interpretation of the Gospel writers, who were enlightened by the Spirit to unfold the mysteries of Scripture, the prophets often uttered positive predictions which in consequence of the correspondence established between the two Dispensations, were descriptive of a double event, however they might be themselves ignorant of the full extent of those prophecies which they delivered
Pentecost - It helps the perilous parcelling out of time and distinction of ‘dispensations’-the Dispensations of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit-which has found favour with many
Pentecost - It helps the perilous parcelling out of time and distinction of ‘dispensations’-the Dispensations of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit-which has found favour with many
Popery - Of the same kind is the doctrine of satisfactions; which supposes that penitents may truly satisfy, by the afflictions they endure under the Dispensations of Providence, or by voluntary penances to which they submit, for the temporal penalties of sin to which they are subject, even after the remission of their eternal punishment
Plagues of Egypt - (John 2:11) And was it not in both instances figurative of the different Dispensations of the law and the gospel? Every thing under the law, like the full flowing streams of the Nile turned into blood, is made a source of condemnation: it is called indeed the ministration of death, (Exodus 32:1-62) Every thing under the gospel brings with it life and liberty
Elijah - In conclusion, we may observe, that to assure the world of the future existence of good men in a state of glory and felicity, and that in bodies changed from mortality to immortality, each of the three grand Dispensations of religion had its instance of translation into heaven; the patriarchal in the person of ENOCH, the Jewish in the person of ELIJAH, and the Christian in the person of CHRIST
Mediator - The Socinians, who consider Jesus as a mere man, having no existence till he was born of Mary, necessarily reject the doctrine now stated: and the church of Rome, although they admit the divinity of our Saviour, yet, by the system which they hold with regard to the mediation of Christ, agree with the Socinians in throwing out of the Dispensations of the grace of God that beautiful and complete unity which arises from their having been conducted by one person
God - Exemplifications of the divine mercy are traced from age to age, in his establishing his own worship among men, and remitting the punishment of individual and national offences in answer to prayer offered from penitent hearts, and in dependence upon the typified or actually offered universal sacrifice:—of his condescension, in stooping to the cases of individuals; in his Dispensations both of providence and grace, by showing respect to the poor and humble; and, principally, by the incarnation of God in the form of a servant, admitting men into familiar and friendly intercourse with himself, and then entering into heaven to be their patron and advocate, until they should be received into the same glory, "and so be for ever with the Lord:"—of his strictly righteous government, in the destruction of the old world, the cities of the plain, the nations of Canaan, and all ancient states, upon their "filling up the measure of their iniquities;" and, to show that "he will by no means clear the guilty;" in the numerous and severe punishments inflicted even upon the chosen seed of Abraham, because of their transgressions:—of his long-suffering, in frequent warnings, delays, and corrective judgments inflicted upon individuals and nations, before sentence of utter excision and destruction:—of faithfulness and truth, in the fulfilment of promises, often many ages after they were given, as in the promises to Abraham respecting the possession of the land of Canaan by his seed, and in all the "promises made to the fathers" respecting the advent, vicarious death, and illustrious offices of the "Christ," the Saviour of the world:—of his immutability, in the constant and unchanging laws and principles of his government, which remain to this day precisely the same, in every thing universal, as when first promulgated, and have been the rule of his conduct in all places as well as through all time:—of his prescience of future events, manifested by the predictions of Scripture:— and of the depth and stability of his counsel, as illustrated in that plan and purpose of bringing back a revolted world to obedience and felicity, which we find steadily kept in view in the Scriptural history of the acts of God in former ages; which is still the end toward which all his Dispensations bend, however wide and mysterious their sweep; and which they will finally accomplish, as we learn from the prophetic history of the future, contained in the Old and New Testaments
Bible - As it contains an authentic and connected history of the divine Dispensations with regard to mankind; as it was given by divine inspiration; as its chief subject is religion; and as the doctrines it teaches, and the duties it inculcates, pertain to the conduct of men, as rational, moral, and accountable beings, and conduce by a divine constitution and promise, to their present and future happiness; the Bible deserves to be held in the highest estimation, and amply justifies the sentiments of veneration with which it has been regarded, and the peculiar and honourable appellations by which it has been denominated. The period of his remaining upon earth may be regarded as an intermediate state between the old and new Dispensations
Corinthians, Second Epistle to - The comparison between the two Dispensations (ch
Paul as the Chief of Sinners - As also that the noblest and best men in all lands, and in all Dispensations, are those who know themselves, and who out of that knowledge keep themselves under, and wait upon God, till they attain in His good time to both a blameless heart, a blameless conscience, and a for ever blameless life
Judgments of God - It becomes us, however, to be exceedingly cautious how we interpret the severe and afflictive Dispensations of Providence
Magi - This cannot but be looked upon as one instance of several merciful Dispensations of God to the Gentile world, through his own peculiar people, the Jews, by which the idolatries of the Heathen were often checked, and the light of truth rekindled among them
Psalms - The Psalms, thus applied, have advantages which no fresh compositions, however finely executed, can possibly have; since, beside their incomparable fitness to express our sentiments, they are at the same time memorials of, and appeals to, former mercies and deliverances; they are acknowledgments of prophecies accomplished; they point out the connection between the old and new Dispensations, thereby teaching us to admire and adore the wisdom of God displayed in both, and furnishing while we read or sing them, an inexhaustible variety of the noblest matter that can engage the contemplations of man
Paul as a Man of Prayer - There may have been one or two as great intellects as Paul's in some of the surrounding Dispensations of Paganism; but then those greatly gifted men had not Paul's privileges, opportunities, and outlets
Zechariah, the Book of - Four chariots, symbolizing the fourfold Dispensations of Providence as regards the contact of the four great world powers with Judaea, come out from between the two mountains Zion and Moriah (the seat of the temple, representing the theocracy) where the Lord is (Zechariah 2:10), and from whence He sends His ministers of judgments on the pagan; the red horses in one represent carnage; the black, sorrow and famine (Revelation 6:5-6); the white, joy and victory; the grisled or piebald, a mixed dispensation, partly prosperity, partly adversity; all alike working together for good to Israel
Nebuchadnezzar - When I put myself into Nebuchadnezzar's place, when I recall my own temper and my own conduct, I honour Nebuchadnezzar, and I cannot cease from wondering that the king of Babylon has not been far more made of as a pattern of humility and meekness both under the Dispensations of God and under the doctrines of Daniel
Doctrines - It is the natural link between the two Dispensations
Sabbath - The seventh day was hallowed at the close of the creation; its sanctity was afterward marked by the withholding of the manna on that day, and the provision of a double supply on the sixth, and that previous to the giving of the law from Sinai: it was then made a part of that great epitome of religious and moral duty, which God wrote with his own finger on tables of stone; it was a part of the public political law of the only people to whom almighty God ever made himself a political Head and Ruler; its observance is connected throughout the prophetic age with the highest promises, its violations with the severest maledictions; it was among the Jews in our Lord's time a day of solemn religious assembling, and was so observed by him; when changed to the first day of the week, it was the day on which the first Christians assembled; it was called, by way of eminence, "the Lord's day;" and we have inspired authority to say, that both under the Old and New Testament Dispensations, it is used as an expressive type of the heavenly and eternal rest
Eschatology - Dispensationalism contrasts God's way of working in at least two historical “dispensations”: those of Israel and of the church
Canon - Now, to suppose that a book written by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and intended to form a part of the canon, which is the rule of faith to the church, should be utterly and irrecoverably lost, is surely not very honourable to the wisdom of God, and in no way consonant with the ordinary method of his Dispensations, in regard to his precious truth
Law of Moses - It follows from this that it is to be regarded not merely as a law, that is, a rule of conduct based on known truth and acknowledged authority, but also as a revelation of God's nature and his Dispensations
Miracles - Both Dispensations were inaugurated by miracles, and then mainly left to ordinary providence; only that the Old Testament church, at times when surrounding paganism, as in Elijah's times, threatened to swamp it, was vindicated by miracles
Prophecy - An increase of age is an addition to its strength; and the nearer we approach the point towards which the Dispensations of God unvaryingly tend, the more clearly shall we discern the wonderful regularity, consistency, and beauty of this stupendous plan for universal good
Baptism - Hence it is clear that, under the Gospel, infants are still continued exactly in the same relation to God and his church in which they were originally placed under former Dispensations
John the Baptist - But when we put together all the references to John’s ministry and history and character which we find either in the form of historical narrative, or testimony from the lips of Jesus, or reflexion on the part of an Evangelist, and when we make use besides of one or two sidelights which fall from the book of Acts and the pages of Josephus, we find that for knowledge regarding the Baptist’s mission, his character, his relation to Jesus Christ, and his place in the history of both the old and the new Dispensations, we are in no lack of plentiful and trustworthy sources of information
Mahometanism - Had Mohammed, indeed, rested his doctrine upon miracles, it might have happened that the imposture by some would have been detected; but, with his usual policy, he avoided what he knew was so hazardous; and, with the exception of his reference to the Koran, as surpassing the capacity of man, he explicitly disclaimed having been authorized to do such mighty works as had been wrought to establish the previous Dispensations of the Almighty
Abram - The account of this eminent patriarch occupies so large a part of the book of Genesis, and stands so intimately connected with both the Jewish and Christian Dispensations,—with the one by a political and religious, and with the other by a mystical, relation,—that his history demands particular notice
Koran - To abstract reasonings on the attributes and the Dispensations of the Deity, to the comparative excellencies of rival religions, to the consistency of any one religious system in all its parts, and to the force of its various proofs, they were quite inattentive
Miracles - If the course of nature implies the whole order of events which God has ordained for the government of the world, it includes both his ordinary and extraordinary Dispensations, and among them miracles may have their place, as a part of the universal plan
Christianity - It represents all former Dispensations of true religion, all revelations of God's will, and all promises of grace from God to man, as emanating from the anticipated sacrifice and sacerdotal intercession of its Author, and as all preparatory to the introduction of his perfect religion; and that as to the great political movements among the nations of antiquity, the rise and fall of empires were all either remotely or proximately connected with the designs of his advent among men
Moses - We have, indeed, in it the early history of religion, and a key to all the subsequent Dispensations of God to man
Christ in Reformation Theology - ‘They still believed in an exclusive priesthood, in magical sacramental grace, in prayers to saints, and works of merit and Papal Dispensations
Confession - In his treatise against heresies, this father affirms that "the faith of the church planted throughout the whole world," consisted in the belief of "one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth and sea, and all that are in them; and one Christ Jesus, the Son of God, who became incarnate for our salvation; and one Holy Spirit, who foretold, through the Prophets, the Dispensations and advents, and the generation by the virgin, and the passion, and the resurrection from the dead, and the ascension in the flesh into heaven, of Jesus Christ our beloved Lord, and his appearing from heaven in the glory of the Father, to unite together all things under one head, and to raise every individual of the human race; that unto Christ Jesus, our Lord and God, and Saviour and King, every knee may bow, and every tongue confess; that he may pronounce just sentence upon all
Worship - The ends of the institution of public worship are of such obvious importance, that it must ever be considered as one of the most condescending and gracious Dispensations of God to man
Holy Ghost - " The style of this book sufficiently accounts for the Holy Spirit being called "the seven spirits;" but no created spirit or company of created spirits is ever spoken of under that appellation: and the place assigned to the seven spirits, between the mention of the Father and the Son, indicates, with certainty, that one of the sacred Three, so eminent, and so exclusively eminent in both Dispensations, is intended