What does Descent mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
γένους race. 1
καταβάσει descent. 1
בְּמוֹרַ֣ד descent 1
בְּמוֹרַ֤ד descent 1
בַּמּוֹרָ֑ד descent 1
וְנַ֤חַת rest 1

Definitions Related to Descent

H5183


   1 rest, quietness.
      1a quietness, quiet attitude.
      1b rest (of death).
   2 Descent (of judgment).
   

H4174


   1 Descent, slope, steep place, hanging work, bevelled work.
      1a Descent.
      1b hanging work.
      

G1085


   1 race.
      1a offspring.
      1b family.
      1c stock, race, nation.
         1c1 i.e. nationality or Descent from a particular people.
      1d the aggregate of many individuals of the same nature, kind, sort.
      

G2600


   1 Descent.
      1a the act of descending.
      1b the place of Descent.
         1b1 that part of the mountain where the Descent is made.
         

Frequency of Descent (original languages)

Frequency of Descent (English)

Dictionary

Webster's Dictionary - Descent
(1):
(n.) Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; - often followed by upon or on; as, to make a descent upon the enemy.
(2):
(n.) A step or remove downward in any scale of gradation; a degree in the scale of genealogy; a generation.
(3):
(n.) Inclination downward; a descending way; inclined or sloping surface; declivity; slope; as, a steep descent.
(4):
(n.) Transmission of an estate by inheritance, usually, but not necessarily, in the descending line; title to inherit an estate by reason of consanguinity.
(5):
(n.) The act of descending, or passing downward; change of place from higher to lower.
(6):
(n.) Progress downward, as in station, virtue, as in station, virtue, and the like, from a higher to a lower state, from a higher to a lower state, from the more to the less important, from the better to the worse, etc.
(7):
(n.) Derivation, as from an ancestor; procedure by generation; lineage; birth; extraction.
(8):
(n.) That which is descended; descendants; issue.
(9):
(n.) Lowest place; extreme downward place.
(10):
(n.) A passing from a higher to a lower tone.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Descent From the Cross in Art
Among the masters who have represented this subject are: Baroccio, Bartolommeo, Campana, Campi, Canova, Annibale, Caracci, Carducci, Charpentier, Cima da Conegliano, Delacroix, Fra Angelico, Ghirlandajo, Master of the Life of Mary, Perugino, Rembrandt, Rubens, Sarto, Van der Weyden, Van de Velde, Veronese, Volterra.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Descent
The path down a mountain (Luke 19:37 ); a geneology, line of ancestors (Hebrews 7:3 ,Hebrews 7:3,7:6 ).
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Descent of the Holy Ghost
While the Apostles were assembled in prayer ten days after the Ascension of Christ, the Holy Ghost descended upon them, purifying their hearts and enlightening their minds, to enable them to preach the Gospel. Among the masters who have represented this subject in art are: El Greco, Mengs, Rubens, and Van Dyck.
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Descent Into Hell (Hades)
Belief that between his crucifixion and resurrection Christ descended into the abode of the dead, as confessed in the Apostles' Creed. Since the New Testament declares that Christ really died, it is to be assumed that he went to Sheol (Gk. "Hades"), the abode of the dead. This is affirmed by the many declarations in the New Testament (over eighty times) that Christ was raised from (among) the dead, and by apostolic allusions to this event. But not all scholars accept this part of the Apostles' Creed, and some liturgical books either omit it or allow for its omission in the recitation of the creed.
The descent into Hades is a common motif in ancient religions. The heroes or the gods descend into Hades to perform a rescue, to triumph over death, or as part of the recurring seasons of the agricultural year. But in the Old Testament there is no instance of a human descent to, and return from, the underworld. There is only the one instance of consulting the dead, when Saul summoned the prophet Samuel through the witch of Endor (1 Samuel 28:3-25 ). This practice was condemned by the Law and the prophets.
Yet a descent into Sheol and return to the land of the living was the way in which the Old Testament described a near death experience (Psalm 107:18 ; Isaiah 38:10 ). Only God was able to rescue them from death (Psalm 9:13 ; 30:3 ; 86:13 ; Isaiah 38:17 ), since he is the one who "kills and makes alive" (Deuteronomy 32:39 ; 1 Samuel 2:6 ; 2 Kings 5:7 ; cf. Romans 4:17 ; 2Col 1:9).
In the New Testament only Christ is said to have made such a descent into Hades and return to the land of the living. This corresponds with the uniqueness of his vicarious death and of his resurrection as an eschatological triumph.
Jesus himself used Jonah 2:6 to describe his death as three days and three nights in the heart ( en te kardia ) of the earth. This corresponded with contemporary Jewish representations of Sheol as the belly of the fish, when speaking of death and the world of the dead.
So also the apostles understood the death and resurrection of Jesus "according to the scriptures, " even as he instructed them (Luke 24:46 ; cf. Acts 17:2-3 ; 1Col 15:4). Peter quoted Psalm 16:8-11 when he declared that God had released Jesus from the pangs of death by resurrecting him. God did not abandon him in Hades; that is, he raised him from the abode of the dead ( Acts 2:24-27 ). Paul used Deuteronomy 30:12-13 and Psalm 71:20 in Romans 10:6-7 to explain the death of Christ as a descent into the abyss ( tis katabesetai eis abusson ) and the resurrection as a going up from (among) the dead (ek nekron anagagein ). And the author of Hebrews (2:14-16) declared that just as Jesus shared fully in the humanity of Abraham's seed, so also he shared the entire experience of death, by which he destroyed the power of Satan.
Yet the New Testament does not elaborate on this descent into Hades, unlike imaginative apocryphal writings. It assumes the reality of an intermediate abode of the dead to which Christ went after the parting of his soul from his body. Hades, then, is a reference to the general abode of the dead. Or it may reflect a developing understanding in contemporary Judaism that there was a distinction between the abode of the unrighteous dead (Hades) and the abode of the righteous dead (cf. the bosom of Abraham, Luke 16:22-23 ). The latter was also referred to as paradise (Luke 23:43 ), and was understood by some to be located in the heavens.
The significance of this is that the New Testament does not identify Hades as the place where Christ was punished for our sins. Rather, it is the crucifixion—which the disciples actually saw and experienced in all of its horrorthat is developed in sacrificial language as the divine punishment and saving event. The use of the word "hell" to denote the place of punishment (Gehenna) is therefore inappropriate. The descent into Hades is rather a part of Christ's full identification with us, as well as the means by which he conquered death (Matthew 16:18 ; Revelation 1:18 ), and became the firstborn from among the dead (Colossians 1:18 ; Revelation 1:5 ).
Norman R. Ericson
Bibliography . R. J. Bauckham, ABD, 2:145-59; G. W. Bromiley, ISBE, 1:926-27; W. Grudem, JETS 34/1 (1991): 103-13; J. R. McRay, Dictionary of Bible and Religion, pp. 624-25; J. M. Robinson, IBD, 1:826-28; D. P. Scaer, JETS 35/1 (1992): 91-99.
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Descent
1: κατάβασις (Strong's #2600 — Noun Feminine — katabasis — kat-ab'-as-is ) denotes "a going down," akin to No. 1 under DESCEND, "a way down," Luke 19:37 .
Note: For "descent" (AV in Hebrews 7:3,6 ), see GENEALOGY (the RV rendering).
The American Church Dictionary and Cycopedia - Descent Into Hell
An article of the Creed in which we confess ourbelief that our Lord while His Body lay in the grave, descended intothe place of departed spirits. The word "Hell" as here used is theEnglish translation of the Greek word Hades, which means not theplace of torment, (for which another Greek word is used, viz.,Gehenna) but that covered, hidden place where the soul awaits theGeneral Resurrection. The Rubric before the Creed gives thisinterpretation of the word, and permission is given to churchesto use instead of it, the words "place of departed spirits," "whichare considered as words of the same meaning in the Creed." (SeeINTERMEDIATE STATE.)
Holman Bible Dictionary - Descent to Hades
A phrase taken from the Apostles' Creed describing the work of the resurrected Christ. The idea of descent to Hades was a theme of many ancient religions to describe the work of a religious hero. 1 Peter 3:19 says Christ “went and preached unto the spirits in prison.” Many interpretations have been given for this. The time may be seen as the days of Noah ( 1 Peter 3:20 ) and thus describe the work of the preexistent Christ or the work of Christ's spirit through Noah. It may be seen as immediately following Christ's resurrection. The content of His preaching may have been judgment; it may have been affirmation of His victory over “angels, authorities, and powers” (1 Peter 3:22 ); it may have been release from Sheol or Hades for saints who preceded Him. The spirits may have been the “sons of God” of Genesis 6:2 , the people of Noah's day, the Old Testament sinners, Old Testament people who were true to God, fallen angels, the evil spirits or demonic powers whom Jesus contested in His earthly ministry. The prison may have been Sheol or Hades according to Old Testament thinking, a special place of captivity for sinners, a place of punishment for fallen angels, a place of security for such angels where they thought they could escape Christ's power, or a place on the way to heaven where the faithful of old waited to hear the message of Christ's final atoning victory. Whatever the detailed explanation of each of the phrases, the ultimate purpose is to glorify Christ for His completed work of salvation through His death, resurrection, and ascension, showing He has control of all places and powers.
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Descent
Of Christ into Hell.
See HELL.
King James Dictionary - Descent
DESCENT, n.
1. The act of descending the act of passing from a higher to a lower place, by any form of motion, as by walking, riding, rolling, sliding, sinking or falling. 2. Inclination downward obliquity slope declivity as the descent of a hill, or a roof. 3. Progress downward as the descent from higher to lower orders of beings. 4. Fall from a higher to a lower state or station. 5. A landing from ships invasion of troops from the sea as, to make a descent on Cuba. 6. A passing from an ancestor to an heir transmission by succession or inheritance, as the descent of an estate or a title from the father to the son. Descent is lineal, when it proceeds directly from the father to the son, and from the son to the grandson collateral, when it proceeds from a man to his brother, nephew or other collateral representative. 7. A proceeding from an original or progenitor. The Jews boast of their descent from Abraham. Hence, 8. Birth extraction lineage as a noble descent. 9. A generation a single degree in the scale of genealogy distance from the common ancestor. No man is a thousand descents from Adam.
10. Offspring issue descendants. The care of our descent perplexes most.
11. A rank in the scale of subordination. 12. Lowest place. 13. In music, a passing from a note or sound to one more grave or less acute.
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Hell, Descent Into
See Descent into Hell (Hades)
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Descent Into Hades
1. By the Hebrews, Sheol or Hades was regarded as the under world, a subterranean region of abysses and mysterious waters upon which the earth rested (Psalms 24:2; Psalms 136:6). It was the region to which all souls passed after death, there to live a shadow-like existence, incapable of the higher forms of spiritual activity, such as the praise of Jahweh (Psalms 6:5). In NT times, a distinction has been drawn between the departments of Sheol inhabited by the good and the bad: ‘Paradise’ is the resting-place of the righteous and penitent (Luke 23:43), while the ‘abyss’ (q.v. [1] ) is spoken of as the abode of demons (Luke 8:31; cf. Revelation 9:1; Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1).
2. Those who accepted the Jewish cosmogony believed that, at death, every soul passed to this hidden region. The death of Christ involved for Him, as for every son of man, the same journey. To the first disciples, that He ‘descended into Hades’ would not present itself as an article of faith, or as a matter of revelation; it was implied in the fact of His death. That He went into ‘the abyss’ does not need argument for St. Paul (Romans 10:7; cf. Ephesians 4:9 κατέβη εἰς τὰ κατώτερα μέρη τῆς γῆς); that His soul was in Hades after the Crucifixion is assumed as a matter of course in Acts 2:31. No one in the Apostolic or sub-Apostolic Age would have been impelled by dogmatic considerations to insert the article of the Descent into Hades in the baptismal creed, for it was only another way of saying that Christ died. In the NT, accordingly (with the exception of 1 Peter 3:19; 1 Peter 4:6), the references to Christ’s Descent into the under world are incidental only, introduced to illustrate special points; e.g. Acts 2:31, that Christ did not remain in Hades; Matthew 12:40, that the period of His sojourn ‘in the heart of the earth’ was ‘three days and three nights’; Ephesians 4:9, that the Crucified who descended is the Ascended Lord; and Luke 23:43, that the penitent thief would be in security with Christ in the unseen life after death. (It is to be observed, however, that Luke 23:43 is not quoted by the Fathers as illustrating the Descensus, some of them-e.g. Tertullian-holding that Paradise was not a department of Hades, but distinct from it.)
3. But the question was inevitable: when Christ descended to the under world, what office did He perform there? And in attempting to find an answer to the question as to the consequences and the purpose of Christ’s Descent into Sheol, the early Christians naturally betook themselves to the OT and to the forecasts of Messiah’s mission which they found therein. Even before speculation began on these points, it had been natural to use OT language when the fact of the Descensus was mentioned: thus Romans 10:7 goes back to Deuteronomy 30:13, and Acts 2:31 to Psalms 16:10. Now the OT suggested a deliverance of the righteous from Sheol, and this thought was destined to be prominent in the development of Christian eschatology.
Sheol, as we have seen, is the abode of the spirits of the departed (Psalms 49:14), and it is from Sheol, personified as the ruler of this gloomy region, that the righteous Hebrew looked for deliverance. ‘God will redeem my soul from the power of Sheol’ was his hope (Psalms 49:15; cf. Psalms 30:3). The Divine promise was, ‘I will ransom them from the power of Sheol’ (Hosea 13:14). ‘Because of the blood of the covenant I have brought forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water’ (Zechariah 9:11) is a prophetic forecast.* [2] To St. Paul’s thought, the climax of Christ’s victory was the conquest of death (1 Corinthians 15:26); and it was part of the purpose of His humiliation that in His triumph the powers of the under world should own His sway (Matthew 27:52-53, ἵνα πᾶν γόνυ κάμψῃ … καταχθονίων). When it was asked how this subjugation was exhibited, the answer was ready to hand. It was in the deliverance from Satan’s bondage of the dead whom he had in thrall in Sheol. Christ has the keys of death and of Hades (Revelation 1:18).
It is possible that some such conception of Messiah’s mission to the departed was prevalent in pre-Christian days. Two passages from the Bereshith Rabba* [3] are cited as testifying to Jewish belief: ‘When they that are bound, they that are in Gehinnom, saw the light of the Messiah, they rejoiced to receive him’; and ‘This is that which stands written, We shall rejoice and exult in thee. When? When the captives climb out of hell, and the Shechinah at their head.’ But the date of this literature is uncertain, and it may be affected by Christian ideas. At any rate, this conception of the purpose of Christ’s Descensus is prominent in the earliest Christian documents. Thus in a section of the Ascension of Isaiah (ix. 16f.) assigned by Charles to the close of the 1st cent. we have: ‘when he hath plundered the angel of death, he will ascend [4] on the third day … and many of the righteous will ascend with him’ (cf. also x. 8, 14 and xi. 19, ‘They crucified him, and he descended to the angel of Sheol’). With this should be compared Philippians 2:10 perhaps the earliest suggestion of the thought that the saints were freed from the bondage of Hades by the Descent of Christ.† [5] In a 2nd cent. section of the Sibylline Oracles (i. 377) we have: ὁπότʼ ἄν Αἰδωνέος οἷκον | βήσεται ἀγγέλλων ἐπαναστασίην τεθνεῶσιν; and again (viii. 310): ἥξει δʼ εἰς Ἀίδην ἀγγέλλων ἐλπίδα πᾶσιν. The date of the (Christian) interpolation in the Latin version of Sir 24:45 is not certain, but the words interpolated are significant: ‘Penetrabo omnes inferiors partes terrae et inspiciam omnes dormientes, et illuminabo omnes sperantes in Domino.’ We have an explicit statement in Origen, who, commenting on Romans 5:14, says: ‘Christum vero idcirco in infernum descendisse, non solum ut ipse non teneretur a morte, sed ut et eos, qui inibi non tam praevaricationis crimine, quam moriendi conditione habebantur, abstraheret.’‡ [6] Origen elsewhere interprets the binding of the ‘strong man’ of Matthew 12:29 as a binding of Satan in the under world, and Irenaeus gives the same exegesis.§ [7] This is the general view: the express purpose of Christ’s Descent to Hades was to liberate the souls who were there in thrall. The apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus works out, in picturesque detail, the story of the ‘Harrowing of Hell,’ a legend which deeply impressed the consciousness of Christendom. So wide-spread was this belief in the early Christian period that a controversy arose as to whether the souls of Jews or of Gentiles or of both were included in the deliverance wrought by Christ in Hades. Marcion-if Irenaeus|| [8] is to be trusted-held that it was only for the redemption of the wicked heathen of olden time, but Justin¶ [9] and Irenaeus** [10] restricted it to the righteous of Israel; while Clement of Alexandria†† [11] and his school included both Jew and Gentile in its grace. We find, then, that, while the NT gives no explicit sanction to this idea of the conquest of the powers of the under world and the deliverance of imprisoned souls by Christ’s Descent into Hades, it was firmly established in the 2nd and 3rd cent., and that it grew out of OT phrases about the redemption from Sheol.
5. The idea that Christ preached in Hades to the souls who were in bondage there has a somewhat different history. It is found in Ignatius‡‡ [12] : ‘even the prophets, being His disciples in the spirit, were expecting Him as their teacher, and for this cause, He, whom they rightly awaited, when He came, raised them from the dead.’ More explicit is an oracle quoted both by Justin* [9] and by lrenaeus† [14] as from Isaiah or Jeremiah, although it is not in the OT, and its source has not been traced: ‘The Lord God remembered His dead people of Israel who lay in the graves, and descended to preach to them His own salvation.’‡ [15] In like manner, the apocryphal Gospel of Peter (2nd cent.) tells of a voice from heaven which said, ‘Thou didst preach to them that sleep’ (ἐκήρυξας τοῖς κοιμωμένοις). This, according to Clement of Alexandria, who does not countenance the legendary developments of the idea of liberation, was the sole purpose of Christ’s Descent into Hades, viz. that He should preach the gospel there.§ [14]
Of Christ’s preaching in Hades there is no foreshadowing in the OT, although Clement of Alexandria|| [17] will have it that Job 28:22 predicts it. But it is plainly stated in 1 Peter 3:19; 1 Peter 4:6, and the efforts to explain these passages of a preaching of the pre-existent Christ to the patriarchs, or of His mission to the spiritually dead, can only be regarded as after-thoughts of Christology, although they have the authority of Augustine and Aquinas. The words are explicit: τοῖς ἐν φυλακῇ πνεύμασιν πορευθεὶς ἐκήρυξεν … νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη. It is noteworthy, however, that early Christian belief on this point was not founded on these texts. They are not cited in connexion with the Descensus by the earliest writers, such as Ignatius, Justin, or Irenaeus. Cyprian¶ [18] quotes 1 Peter 4:6, but he offers no comment upon it; and Clement of Alexandria** [11] is the first to use 1 Peter 3:19 to illustrate the proclamation of the gospel in Hades. Nothing is said in either passage as to the effect of the preaching; there is no suggestion of that triumphant deliverance of souls from Hades, on which the next age loved to dwell. Indeed, 1 Peter 3:19 does not speak of a preaching to all the spirits of the departed, but only to those of the antediluvian patriarchs; and this limitation, whatever be its precise significance, needs to be kept in mind. It was, perhaps, because of this limitation that the passage was not quoted by the early Christian writers when debating the meaning of the Descensus; the doctrine was developing itself in quite a different way.
6. A curious passage in the Shepherd of Hermas (Sim. ix. 16) throws some light on the primitive Christian conception of the under world. A parable is told of the building of a tower which represents the Church at rest. All the stones which are built into the tower are taken from ‘a certain deep place’ (ἐκ βυθοῦ τινός), i.e. the under world. The first tier represents the first generation of men, i.e. from Adam to Abraham; the second, those from Abraham to Moses; the third, the prophets and ministers (sc. of the Old Covenant); while the fourth tier represents the apostles and teachers of the New Covenant. All alike had ‘to rise up through water’ that they might be made alive, so that the seal of baptism is needed for all. Now the ‘apostles and teachers’ differed from the rest in that they had been baptized before they passed into the under world; but when there, ‘after they had fallen asleep in the power and faith of the Son of God, they preached also to them that had fallen asleep before them, and themselves gave unto them the seal of the preaching,’ sc. baptism. Thus Hermas does not speak of a Descent of Christ into Hades, but he finds a mission there for the apostles and teachers of the Christian dispensation, viz. that they might evangelize and baptize the pre-Christian saints, so that they too might become members of the Church. Clement of Alexandria* [7] quotes this passage from Hernias, and add† [14] that the apostles preached in Hades, following the Lard. Probably neither writer had formulated a quite consistent scheme of Christ’s mission to the under world. As Clement held that the apostles were followers of Christ in Hades, be Origen taught that Christ had forerunners there. He held that as the prophets, both those of the OT and John Baptist, were His heralds on earth, so they were His heralds in the under world:‡ [22] Ἰησοῦς εἰς ᾄδου γέγονε, καὶ οἱ προφῆται πρὸ αὐτοῦ, καὶ προκηρύσσουσι τοῦ Χριστοῦ τὴν ἐπιδημίαν.
7. The primitive view, so far as it can be collected from Hernias and Ignatius, seems to be correctly expounded by Loofs.§ [23] Christians, since the Redemption wrought by their Master, were not subject to the bondage of Hades after death; from the power of death they had been freed once for all. And what Christ did for the patriarchs in Hades was to place them in a like position to those who had been favoured by His presence on earth. Those who welcomed Him there were delivered from thrall, as all His disciples had already been delivered. This was not held by Tertullian|| [12] or by Irenaeus,¶ [25] but it is definitely stated by Origen** [26] : ἐὰν ἀπαλλαγῶμεν γενόμενοι καλοὶ καὶ ἀγαθοὶ … οὐ κατελευσόμεθα εἰς τὴν χώραν ὅπου περιέμενον τὸν Χριστὸν οἱ πρὸ τῆς παρουσίας αὐτοῦ κοιμώμενοι.
This may have been the significance of the preaching in Hades, mentioned in 1 Peter 3:19; 1 Peter 4:6; but it remains obscure why it is limited (at least in the first passage) to the antediluvian sinners, for there is no hint that they are to be taken as typical of all men who lived before Christ’s Advent.
8. The Descent into Hades is the topic in several of the recently discovered Odes of Solomon, which date from the 2nd century.
These remarkable hymns were first published from the Syriac by Rendel Harris in 1909, and several editions have appeared since in German, French, and English. Opinion is divided as to their date and doctrinal standpoint; but it is not doubtful that the passages here cited are Christian. They may be dated, provisionally, between a.d. 150 and 180.
In Ode xxxi. 1ff. we have a Song of the Victory of Christ in the under world: ‘The abysses were dissolved before the Lord: and darkness was destroyed by His appearance: error went astray and perished at His hand: and folly found no path to walk in … He opened His mouth and spake grace and joy … His face was justified, for thus His holy Father had given to Him. Come forth, ye that have been afflicted and receive joy, and possess your souls by His grace, and take to you immortal life.’ And in xlii. 15ff.: ‘Sheol saw me, and was made miserable: Death cast me up and many along with me … I made a congregation of living men amongst his dead men, and I spake with them by living lips … and those who had died … said, Son of God, have pity on us … and bring us out from the bonds of darkness; and open to us the door by which we shall come out to thee.’
Here we have the redemption of souls in Hades, and also a preaching by Christ there after His Passion. In these Odes there is the earliest appearance of the detailed doctrine of the Descensus which is found in the Gospel of Nicodemus, and was afterwards universally prevalent in Christian circles. The Odes do not appeal directly to Scripture; and the manner in which they allude to the fact and the purpose of the Descensus shows that it must have been a familiar Christian idea at the date of their composition.
9. The apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus tells (ii. 10) that John Baptist announced to the patriarchs in Hades that be had baptized the Christ, who would soon come to bring them deliverance. We have already (§ 6) found in Origen the conception of John as the precursor of Christ in the under world; but we have now to notice the remarkable similarity between the language used about the Descensus and that used about baptism. Four points in particular may be noted:
(a) The Descent was a going down into ‘the abyss’ (Romans 10:7). A text of the OT quoted by Cyril of Jerusalem* [27] as pre-figuring this is Jonah 2:6-7, which is in the Septuagint :
ἄβυσσος ἐκύκλωσέν με ἐσχάτη,
ἕδυ ἡ κεφαλή μου εἰς σχισμὰς ὀρέων,
κατέβην εἰς γῆν ἧς οἱ μοχλοὶ αὐτῆς κάτοχοι αἰώνιοι.
Now in baptism we are ‘buried with him’ and ‘united with him by the likeness of his death’ (Romans 6:4-5). The Fathers, e.g. Basil,† [28] speak explicitly of our baptism as a reflexion or imitation of Christ’s Descensus; as a Western Council‡ [29] has it, ‘in aquis mersio, quasi in infernum descensio est.’
(b) When Christ descended, the keepers of the gates of Hades were scared (cf. Job 38:17 πυλωροὶ δὲ ᾅδου ἰδόντες σε ἔπτηξαν), and the Gospel of Nicodemus ii. 8) speaks of the brazen gates and iron bars being broken (cf. Psalms 107:16, Isaiah 45:2). The powers of the under world were terrified. Now the Epistle of Barnabas (§ 11) quotes as predictive of baptism Isaiah 45:2 ‘I will crush gates of brass and break in pieces bolts of iron’; and the same test is alluded to in Odes of Solomon, xvii. 9, where again the reference is to baptism. Further, all the Eastern baptismal rites bring in the idea of the waters (the mysterious region where evil spirits dwell) being terrified at the coming of Christ for baptism, quoting Psalms 77:16; Psalms 114:3; Psalms 29:3 as forecasting this. We have the same thing in Odes of Solomon, xxiv. 1 and xxxi. 1f. In some pictorial representations of the Baptism of Christ, Jordan is depicted allegorically as starting away in astonished fear. That is, the terror of the powers of evil is described in the same language, whether the Descent to Hades or Christian baptism is the topic.§ [30]), p. 33 f., for a fuller statement and for references in regard to the matter of this section generally.]
(c) The main purpose, as we have seen (§ 3) of the Descensus was the release of captive souls. But that baptism is a release from bondage, the bondage of sin, is a commonplace in early Christian literature. Baptism, says Cyril of Jerusalem,|| [31] is αἰχμαλώτοις λύτρον (cf. Odes of Solomon, xxvii. 11, xxi. 1, xxv. 1, and Ephraim Syrus, Hymns on the Nativity, xv. 9: ‘Blessed be He who has annulled the bonds’).
(d) The Gospel of Nicodemus describes the passage to Paradise of the saints redeemed from Hades by Christ. It was, again, a familiar thought in early Christian speculation that in baptism we are restored to Paradise, to the state from which Adam fell, the guilt of original sin being annulled (cf. Origen,¶ [32] Cyril of Jerusalem,** [33] Basil,†† [2] and Ephraim,‡‡ [35] who says of the baptized: ‘the fruit which Adam tasted not in Paradise, this day in your mouths has been placed,’ See also Odes of Solomon, xi. 14).
Other illustrations might be given, but these are sufficient to show that what may be called the folklore of the Descent into Hades is closely connected with the folklore of baptism. The juxtaposition of the two thoughts-the ministry of Christ in Hades and the efficacy of baptism-in 1 Peter 3:19 f. is remarkable, and deserves a closer examination than it has yet received from commentators.
10. The article ‘He descended into Hell’ does not appear in any Creed until the 4th cent., the Arian Symbol of Sirmium (359) being the first to include it; and it is not included in the baptismal Creed of the Eastern Church to this day. The motive with which it was inserted in the Creeds of the West is not clear; but, whatever the motive was ori
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Descent Into Hades
DESCENT INTO HADES . The general meaning of the word ‘hell’ (Hades) in the OT is the unseen, hidden place. It is the shadowy dwelling-place of the spirits of the dead. At first there was no idea of a distinction between good and bad. But such an idea grew up, and in the NT our Lord sanctioned the belief. In the parable of Dives and Lazarus ( Luke 16:19-31 ), while the soul of Dives was said to be in torment the soul of Lazarus was taken to the society of Abraham. The promise to the penitent robber ( Acts 2:24-31 ) ‘To-day shalt thou be with me in Paradise,’ points in the same direction.
The Apostles seem to have taught from the first that the soul of Christ Himself passed into Hades at His death. This appears in the first sermon of St. Peter (Luke 23:43 ), when he quotes Psalms 16:10 , ‘Thou wilt not leave my soul in Hades,’ as a prophecy of the Resurrection. St. Paul also, adapting some words from Deuteronomy 30:13 , wrote to the Romans ( Romans 10:7 ) that it is not necessary to search the depth, since Christ is risen from the dead. His reference to ‘the lower parts of the earth’ in Ephesians 4:9 has been interpreted to mean ‘came down to earth in the Incarnation’: ‘Now this, he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?’ But the phrase had been used in Psalms 63:9 with reference to Hades, and has probably that meaning in this passage also. Through obedience even unto death, Christ became Lord of the under world also, and in His descent asserted His Lordship ( Philippians 2:10 ).
Thus we find the way prepared for explanation of the difficult passage 1 Peter 3:18-20 : ‘Because Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God; being put to death in the flesh, but quickened in the spirit; in which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison, which aforetime were disobedient, when the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing’; cf. 1 Peter 4:6 ‘For unto this end was the gospel preached even to the dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.’
Until the time of St. Augustine this passage was interpreted to mean that Christ preached to the spirits of men and women who were drowned in the Flood. The Apostle bids his readers take courage from the fact that Christ’s death was followed by a quickening in the spirit. If persecution should bring them to death also, similar increase of spiritual energy would follow. There is a reference to the Ascension in v. 22, which marks the time that Christ preached and excludes the idea that Christ in Noah preached to the men of Noah’s time, which was first suggested by St. Augustine. This view, however, though supported in modern times by the great names of Hammond, Pearson, and Barrow, is generally regarded as impossible.
There is one other interpretation, which must be mentioned as a possible alternative. Some critics suggest that the preaching was to the fallen angels mentioned in 2 Peter 2:4 , Judges 1:6 , either after Christ’s death or before the Incarnation. The word ‘spirits’ is used of angels in the NT ( Acts 23:8 ), but is used also of spirits of the dead ( Hebrews 12:23 , cf. Luke 24:37-39 ), and 1 Peter 4:6 seems to prove that this is the sense here.
We may pass by fanciful theories such as that the passage refers to the preaching of Enoch regarded as an incarnation of the Messiah. The apocryphal Book of Enoch records preaching of punishment to fallen angels, but says nothing of a preaching of salvation to the souls of men. And the word ‘preached’ in 1 Peter 3:19 implies preached the gospel.
If it is asked why should only one set of sinners be mentioned, we may reply that they were typical sinners, whose fate, as Dr. Bigg shows ( Com., ad loc. ), was much questioned at the time when St. Peter wrote. There is some evidence that a belief was current in the Jewish schools to the effect that a time of repentance would be allowed to the sinners who perished in the Flood before the final judgment. We may hope for fresh light on the point from further research, and for the present may rest content with the interpretation which enables us to quote these passages in 1 Peter. as proving that moral distinctions exist in Hades, and that moral change is possible for moral beings there as here, unless they sin against light.
A. E. Burn.

Sentence search

Descent - Descent, n. Inclination downward obliquity slope declivity as the Descent of a hill, or a roof. Progress downward as the Descent from higher to lower orders of beings. A landing from ships invasion of troops from the sea as, to make a Descent on Cuba. A passing from an ancestor to an heir transmission by succession or inheritance, as the Descent of an estate or a title from the father to the son. Descent is lineal, when it proceeds directly from the father to the son, and from the son to the grandson collateral, when it proceeds from a man to his brother, nephew or other collateral representative. The Jews boast of their Descent from Abraham. Birth extraction lineage as a noble Descent. No man is a thousand Descents from Adam. The care of our Descent perplexes most
Ancestry - ) Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth or honorable Descent. ) A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural Descent
Jared - Descent.
The fourth antediluvian patriarch in Descent from Seth (Genesis 5:15-20 ; Luke 3:37 ), the father of Enoch; called Jered in 1 Chronicles 1:2
Lineal - ) Inheriting by direct Descent; having the right by direct Descent to succeed (to). ) Descending in a direct line from an ancestor; hereditary; derived from ancestors; - opposed to collateral; as, a lineal Descent or a lineal descendant
Zared - Strange Descent
Enealogy - ) An account or history of the Descent of a person or family from an ancestor; enumeration of ancestors and their children in the natural order of succession; a pedigree. ) Regular Descent of a person or family from a progenitor; pedigree; lineage
Hell, Descent Into - See Descent into Hell (Hades) ...
...
Spirits in Prison - See Descent into Hades
Clivity - ) Inclination; ascent or Descent; a gradient
Genealogy - An account or history of the Descent of a person or family from an ancestor enumeration of ancestors and their children in the natural order of succession. Pedigree lineage regular Descent of a person or family from a progenitor
Hades (2) - —See Dead, Eschatology, and Hell (Descent into)
Waterfall - ) A fall, or perpendicular Descent, of the water of a river or stream, or a Descent nearly perpendicular; a cascade; a cataract
Inherited - Received by Descent from an ancestor possessed
Agnatic - ) Pertaining to Descent by the male line of ancestors
Boer - ) A colonist or farmer in South Africa of Dutch Descent
Cajun - ) In Louisiana, a person reputed to be Acadian French Descent
Sidehill - ) The side or slope of a hill; sloping ground; a Descent
Descension - ) The act of going downward; Descent; falling or sinking; declension; degradation
Enealogist - ) One who traces genealogies or the Descent of persons or families
Randchild - ) A son's or daughter's child; a child in the second degree of Descent
Bathos - ) A ludicrous Descent from the elevated to the low, in writing or speech; anticlimax
Cadency - ) Descent of related families; distinction between the members of a family according to their ages
Lineage - KJV and RSV term (Luke 2:4 ) meaning Descent (compare NRSV) or family (NAS)
Filipino - one of Spanish Descent or of mixed blood
Dago - ) A nickname given to a person of Spanish (or, by extension, Portuguese or Italian) Descent
Descending - ) Of or pertaining to Descent; moving downwards
Mehu'Jael - (smitten by God ), the son of Irad, and fourth in Descent from Cain
Human Figure, Winged - Emblem in art associated with Saint Matthew as typifying the human Descent of Our Lord in His Incarnation
Winged Human Figure - Emblem in art associated with Saint Matthew as typifying the human Descent of Our Lord in His Incarnation
Descendible - ) Admitting Descent; capable of being descended
Methu'Sael - (man of God ), the son of Mehujael, fourth in Descent from Cain, and father of Lamech
Neah - Shaking, or settlement, or Descent, a town on the east side of Zebulun, not far from Rimmon (Joshua 19:13 )
Condescension - ) The act of condescending; voluntary Descent from one's rank or dignity in intercourse with an inferior; courtesy toward inferiors
Lineage - ) Descent in a line from a common progenitor; progeny; race; descending line of offspring or ascending line of parentage
Igeal - Fourth in Descent from Zerubbabel; but, according to Lord A
Methu'Selah - (man of the dart ), the son of Enoch, sixth in Descent from Seth, and father of Lamech
Downhill - ) Declivity; Descent; slope
Polyphyletic - ) Pertaining to, or characterized by, Descent from more than one root form, or from many different root forms; polygenetic; - opposed to monophyletic
Parentage - ) Descent from parents or ancestors; parents or ancestors considered with respect to their rank or character; extraction; birth; as, a man of noble parentage
Rainfall - ) A fall or Descent of rain; the water, or amount of water, that falls in rain; as, the average annual rainfall of a region
Jered - ("descent"
Ard - Descent, a grandson of Benjamin (Numbers 26:38-40 )
Nicanor - One of the first seven deacons, who were chosen and appointed at Jerusalem soon after the Pentecostal Descent of the Holy Ghost, Acts 6:1-6
Entail - ) An estate in fee entailed, or limited in Descent to a particular class of issue. ) The rule by which the Descent is fixed
Peleg - Son of Eber, and fourth in Descent from Shem
Englishry - ) A body of English or people of English Descent; - commonly applied to English people in Ireland
Rip Cord - A cord by which the gas bag of a balloon may be ripped open for a limited distance to release the gas quickly and so cause immediate Descent
Nun - His genealogical Descent from Ephraim is recorded in (1 Chronicles 7:1 )
Entailment - ) The act of entailing or of giving, as an estate, and directing the mode of Descent
Homoplasmy - ) Resemblance between different plants or animals, in external shape, in general habit, or in organs, which is not due to Descent from a common ancestor, but to similar surrounding circumstances
ja'Red - (descent ), one of the antediluvian patriarchs, and further of Enoch ( Genesis 5:15,16,18-20 ; Luke 3:37 ) In the lists of Chronicles the name is given in the Authorized Version JERED
je'Red - (descent )
Nekoda - One whose descendants could not prove their Descent from Israel
Nicanor - One of the seven first deacons in the church of Christ after the Descent of the Holy Ghost
Pedigree - ) A line of ancestors; Descent; lineage; genealogy; a register or record of a line of ancestors
Hades - (See Descent INTO HELL, alsoINTERMEDIATE STATE
Lamech -
The fifth in Descent from Cain. ...
...
The seventh in Descent from Seth, being the only son of Methuselah
Anglo-Saxon - ) One of the race or people who claim Descent from the Saxons, Angles, or other Teutonic tribes who settled in England; a person of English Descent in its broadest sense
Theogony - ) The generation or genealogy of the gods; that branch of heathen theology which deals with the origin and Descent of the deities; also, a poem treating of such genealogies; as, the Theogony of Hesiod
Avatar - ) The Descent of a deity to earth, and his incarnation as a man or an animal; - chiefly associated with the incarnations of Vishnu
Habitant - ) An inhabitant or resident; - a name applied to and denoting farmers of French Descent or origin in Canada, especially in the Province of Quebec; - usually in plural
Cognation - ) Relationship by blood; Descent from the same original; kindred
Paternity - ) Derivation or Descent from a father; male parentage; as, the paternity of a child
Blood - ) Relationship by Descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship. ) Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest royal lineage. ) Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed
Whitsunday - A solemn festival of the Christian church, observed on the fiftieth day after Easter, in memory of the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the apostles in the visible appearance of fiery cloven tongues, and of those miraculous powers which were then conferred upon them. As the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the apostles happened on that day which the Jews called Pentecost, this festival retained the name of Pentecost among the Christians
Derive - ) To receive, as from a source or origin; to obtain by Descent or by transmission; to draw; to deduce; - followed by from. ) To trace the origin, Descent, or derivation of; to recognize transmission of; as, he derives this word from the Anglo-Saxon
Descent - ...
Note: For "descent" (AV in Hebrews 7:3,6 ), see GENEALOGY (the RV rendering)
Aucho - ) One of the native inhabitants of the pampas, of Spanish-American Descent
Nekoda - Family who returned from Exile but were unable to establish their Israelite Descent (Nehemiah 7:62 )
Emphyteusis - ) A real right, susceptible of assignment and of Descent, charged on productive real estate, the right being coupled with the enjoyment of the property on condition of taking care of the estate and paying taxes, and sometimes a small rent
Eurafrican - ) Of European and African Descent
Lockage - ) Amount of elevation and Descent made by the locks of a canal
Declivity - ) Deviation from a horizontal line; gradual Descent of surface; inclination downward; slope; - opposed to acclivity, or ascent; the same slope, considered as descending, being a declivity, which, considered as ascending, is an acclivity
Eber - a descendant of Shem) whose two sons, Joktan and Peleg, began two notable lines of family Descent (Genesis 10:21; Genesis 10:25). The line of Descent through Joktan produced many of the Arab tribes (Genesis 10:26-30), and the line through Peleg produced those tribes of Mesopotamia to which Abraham belonged (Genesis 11:16-26)
Genesis - Genesis ends with the Israelites' Descent to Egypt and Jacob's passing
Sadducees - They took their name from one of David's copriests, Zadok, and claimed Descent from him
Mahal'Ale-el -
The fourth in Descent from Adam, according to the Sethite genealogy, and son of Cainan
Jeruel - It was on the rugged Descent southeast of Tekoa going to En-Gedi
Eurasian - ) Of European and Asiatic Descent; of or pertaining to both Europe and Asia; as, the great Eurasian plain
Hade - ) The Descent of a hill
Merari - Sad; bitter, the youngest son of Levi, born before the Descent of Jacob into Egypt, and one of the seventy who accompanied him thither (Genesis 46:11 ; Exodus 6:16 )
Parachute - ) A contrivance somewhat in the form of an umbrella, by means of which a Descent may be made from a balloon, or any eminence
Elena Lucrezia Piscopia Cornaro - Of noble Descent and esteemed for her learning throughout Europe, she was awarded the doctorate in philosophy by the University of Padua, 1678, and was a member of various academies
Hobaiah - ” Clan of priests in time of Zerrubbabel who did not have family records to prove their Descent from pure priestly lines and were excluded from the priesthood (Ezra 2:61 ; Nehemiah 7:63 )
Ahohite - An epithet applied to Dodo, one of Solomon's captains (1 Chronicles 27:4 ); to his son Eleazar, one of David's three mightiest heroes (2 Samuel 23:9 ; 1 Chronicles 11:12 ); and to Zalmon, one of the thirty (2 Samuel 23:28 ; 1 Chronicles 11:29 ), from their Descent from Ahoah
Nekoda - Name of a family which returned from the Exile, but were unable to prove their Israelitish Descent ( Ezra 2:60 = Nehemiah 7:62 ); called in 1Es 5:37 Nekodan
Disinherit - ) To cut off from an inheritance or from hereditary succession; to prevent, as an heir, from coming into possession of any property or right, which, by law or custom, would devolve on him in the course of Descent
Purchaser - ) One who acquires an estate in lands by his own act or agreement, or who takes or obtains an estate by any means other than by Descent or inheritance
Birth - Lineage extraction Descent as, Grecian birth. It is used of high or low extraction but is often used by way of distinction for a Descent from noble or honorable parents and ancestors as a man of birth
Son - The term "son" is used in Scripture language to imply almost any kind of Descent or succession, as ben shanah , "son of a year," i
Avalanche - ) A sudden, great, or irresistible Descent or influx of anything
Palingenesy - ) That form of evolution in which the truly ancestral characters conserved by heredity are reproduced in development; original simple Descent; - distinguished from kenogenesis
Brachystochrone - This curve of quickest Descent, as it is sometimes called, is, in a vacuum, the same as the cycloid
Traduction - ) Derivation by Descent; propagation
Neko'da - (Ezra 2:48 ; Nehemiah 7:50 ) ...
The sons of Nekoda were among those who went up after the captivity from Tel-melah, Tel-harsa, and other places, but were unable to prove their Descent from Israel
Horonaim - On an eminence from which there was a "descent
Nahath - (nay' hath) Personal name meaning, “descent,” “rest,” “quietness,” or even “pure, clear
Downward - ) Descending from a head, origin, or source; as, a downward line of Descent
Perquisite - ) Things gotten by a man's own industry, or purchased with his own money, as opposed to things which come to him by Descent
Ger'Shon - The eldest of the three sons of Levi, born before the Descent of Jacob's family into Egypt
Bereishit - Genesis ends with the Israelites' Descent to Egypt and Jacob's passing
Addan - Descent by showing to what clan or family they belonged ( Ezra 2:59 )
Scarp - ) A steep Descent or declivity
Foehn - The wind, heated by compression in its Descent from the mountains, reaches the base, particularly in winter, dry and warm
Proneness - ) Descent; declivity; as, the proneness of a hill
Creole - a person of French or Spanish Descent, who is a native inhabitant of Louisiana, or one of the States adjoining, bordering on the Gulf of of Mexico
Drib - ) To shoot (a shaft) so as to pierce on the Descent
Kin - ) Relationship, consanguinity, or affinity; connection by birth or marriage; kindred; near connection or alliance, as of those having common Descent
Kin - ) Relationship, consanguinity, or affinity; connection by birth or marriage; kindred; near connection or alliance, as of those having common Descent
Heritage - Inheritance an estate that passes from an ancestor to an heir by Descent or course of law that which is inherited
Extraction - ) Derivation from a stock or family; lineage; Descent; birth; the stock from which one has descended
Luhith - The ascent of ‘Luhith’ ( Isaiah 15:5 ) is probably the path called the ‘descent or going down of Horonaim,’ the latter lying, probably, higher than Luhith (cf
Ladder - A series of steps used for ascent or Descent
Whitsunday - ) The seventh Sunday, and the fiftieth day, after Easter; a festival of the church in commemoration of the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost; Pentecost; - so called, it is said, because, in the primitive church, those who had been newly baptized appeared at church between Easter and Pentecost in white garments
Leveling - , as in finding the Descent of a river, or locating a line of railroad
Sergius Iii, Pope - During his pontificate he declared the ordinations conferred by Formosus null in 904, opposed the errors of the Greeks on the question of the Descent of the Holy Ghost, and declared the fourth marriage of the Greek emperor Leo VI valid
Chaldea - ...
In the time before Abraham, the Babylonian rulers were mainly of Sumerian Descent and their capital was the Chaldean city of Ur, from which Abraham originally came (Genesis 11:28; Acts 7:4). About 2000 BC Babylonians of Amorite Descent overthrew the dynasty in Ur and established a new capital at the city of Babylon. )...
Many centuries later, during the period covered by the biblical books of Kings, a Babylonian of Chaldean Descent seized the throne in Babylon (about 720 BC)
Entail - An estate or fee entailed, or limited indescent to a particular heir or heirs. Rule of Descent settled for an estate. ENTA'IL, To settle the Descent of lands and tenements, by gift to a man and to certain heirs specified, so that neither the donee nor any subsequent possessor can alienate or bequeath it as, to entail a manor to AB and to his eldest son, or to his heirs of his body begotten, or to his heirs by a particular wife
Birthright - Hebrews 12 ...
It may be used in the sense of primogeniture,or the privilege of the first born, but is applicable to any right which results from Descent
Disinherit - To cut off from hereditary right to deprive of an inheritance to prevent as an heir from coming into possession of any property or right, which, by law or custom, would devolve on him in the course of Descent
Romanic - ) Related to the Roman people by Descent; - said especially of races and nations speaking any of the Romanic tongues
Indians, Menominee - The tribe has a clan system, with Descent in the female line
Menominee Indians - The tribe has a clan system, with Descent in the female line
Symeon ( Simeon) Called Niger - His sobriquet of ‘Niger’ has led some to suppose that he was African by Descent and, if so, may have been one of those men of Cyprus and Cyrene by whom the Gentile Church at Antioch was founded (Acts 11:20)
Breeding - ) Descent; pedigree; extraction
Humiliation - Descent from an elevated state or rank to one that is low or humble
Jukes the - A pseudonym used to designate the descendants of two sisters, the "Jukes" sisters, whose husbands were sons of a backwoodsman of Dutch Descent
Uriah - A Hittite by Descent, but probably converted to Judaism, commander of one of the bands of David's army, and the husband of Bathsheba
ha'Man - The Targum and Josephus interpret the inscription of him--the Agagite --as signifying that he was of Amalekitish Descent
Descent - ) Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; - often followed by upon or on; as, to make a Descent upon the enemy. ) Inclination downward; a descending way; inclined or sloping surface; declivity; slope; as, a steep Descent
Family - ) Course of Descent; genealogy; line of ancestors; lineage. ) Honorable Descent; noble or respectable stock; as, a man of family
Family - Course of Descent genealogy line of ancestors. Honorable Descent noble or respectable stock
Oblate Sisters of Providence - It was the first congregation in the New World for women of African Descent; their mission was the education of black children
Filiation - ) Descent from, or as if from, a parent; relationship like that of a son; as, to determine the filiation of a language
Radual - ) Proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or Descent or from one state to another; regularly progressive; slow; as, a gradual increase of knowledge; a gradual decline
Sunday, White - (Greek: pentecostes, fiftieth) ...
Feast which commemorates the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, and takes its name from the fact that it comes nearly fifty days after Easter
White Sunday - (Greek: pentecostes, fiftieth) ...
Feast which commemorates the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, and takes its name from the fact that it comes nearly fifty days after Easter
Whitsunday - (Greek: pentecostes, fiftieth) ...
Feast which commemorates the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, and takes its name from the fact that it comes nearly fifty days after Easter
Salathiel, Shealtiel - ...
In Luke 3:27 , Salathiel is called the son of Neri, and this is supposed to be the true Descent, and that Salathiel was the heir of Jehoiachin
Adummim - It lies in the road between Jerusalem and Jericho, and agrees with the parable of the good Samaritan in being a Descent from Jerusalem, and was until lately a dangerous road, infested with robbers
Descent Into Hell (Hades) - ...
The Descent into Hades is a common motif in ancient religions. But in the Old Testament there is no instance of a human Descent to, and return from, the underworld. ...
Yet a Descent into Sheol and return to the land of the living was the way in which the Old Testament described a near death experience (Psalm 107:18 ; Isaiah 38:10 ). ...
In the New Testament only Christ is said to have made such a Descent into Hades and return to the land of the living. Paul used Deuteronomy 30:12-13 and Psalm 71:20 in Romans 10:6-7 to explain the death of Christ as a Descent into the abyss ( tis katabesetai eis abusson ) and the resurrection as a going up from (among) the dead (ek nekron anagagein ). ...
Yet the New Testament does not elaborate on this Descent into Hades, unlike imaginative apocryphal writings. The Descent into Hades is rather a part of Christ's full identification with us, as well as the means by which he conquered death (Matthew 16:18 ; Revelation 1:18 ), and became the firstborn from among the dead (Colossians 1:18 ; Revelation 1:5 )
Origin - Nations, like individuals, are ambitious to trace their Descent from an honorable origin
Nedabiah - , sons of Neri in lineal Descent, the list in Chronicles only giving the order of succession
Shaul - Descent, hence Shaul is called in Genesis 46:10 and Exodus 6:15 ‘the son of the Canaanitess
Bukki - Son of Abishua and father of Uzzi, fifth in Descent from Aaron in the line of the high priests through Phinehas ( 1 Chronicles 6:6 ; 1 Chronicles 6:51 , Ezra 7:4 )
Immer - One had charge of the sixteenth course of priestly service, and some returned from exile, two of whom had married strange wives; but there is no genealogy of their Descent from Aaron
Radient - ) The rate of regular or graded ascent or Descent in a road; grade
Vail - ) Submission; decline; Descent
Ruth (2) - The object of the writer was to trace the genealogy of David, and his Descent from a Moabitish mother, who had been reduced to extreme poverty
Opportunity - ...
I had an opportunity to see the cloud Descent
Nergal - ) Some of the Assyrian kings pretended Descent from him. Nimrod deified, "the mighty hunter before the Lord," from whom naturally the kings of Babylon and Nineveh would claim Descent
Genealogy - A record of one's ancestors, either the line of natural Descent from father to son, or the line in which, by the laws, the inheritance descended, or that preserved in the public records. It is now, therefore, impossible for any pretended Messiah to prove his Descent from David. ...
Melchizedek was "without Descent," Hebrews 7:3 , as regards the Jewish race
Oblique - ) Not direct in Descent; not following the line of father and son; collateral
Sion - It is of special interest as the site of the Cenacle, the first meeting-place of Christians, the scene of the Last Supper and of the Descent of the Holy Ghost
Generation - Besides the common acceptation of this word, as signifying race, Descent, lineage, it is used for the history and genealogy of a person, as in Genesis 5:1 , "the book of the generations of Adam," that is, the history of Adam's creation and of his posterity. So in Genesis 2:4 , "The generations of the heavens and of the earth," that is, their genealogy, so to speak, the history of the creation of heaven and earth; also in Matthew 1:1 , "The book of the generation of Jesus Christ," that is, the genealogy of Jesus Christ," that is, the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the history of his Descent and life
Africanus, Julius - He is thought to have been of Roman Descent; he studied at Alexandria and restored the city of Emmaus in Palestine and called it Nikopolis
Julius Africanus - He is thought to have been of Roman Descent; he studied at Alexandria and restored the city of Emmaus in Palestine and called it Nikopolis
Downward - In a course of lineal Descent from an ancestor, considered as a head as, to trace successive generations downward from Adam or Abraham
Generation - A single succession in natural Descent, as the children of the same parents hence, an age
Nature - Nature is also put for natural Descent: "We who are Jews by nature," by birth, "and not Gentiles," Galatians 2:15
Rechabites - And accordingly, at the present day, there is an Arabian tribe who claim a Descent from Rechab, and profess a modified Judaism
Sextus Julius Africanus - He is thought to have been of Roman Descent; he studied at Alexandria and restored the city of Emmaus in Palestine and called it Nikopolis
Pat'Mos, - " Halfway up the Descent is the cave or grotto where tradition says that St
Fog: a Figure of Our Partial Knowledge - A little mountain tarn, scarcely larger than a farmer's horse-pond, expanded into a great lake whose distant shores were leagues beyond the reach of our poor optics; and as we descended into the valley of Wastwater, the rocks on one side like the battlements of heaven, and the Descent on the other hand, looked like the dreadful lips of a yawning abyss; and yet when one looked back again in the morning's clear light there was nothing very dangerous in the pathway, or terrible in the rocks. The road was a safe though sharp Descent, devoid of terrors to ordinary mountain climbers
Limerick, Ireland, Diocese of - Under Anglo-Norman rule for two centuries the bishops were English or of English Descent
Mizraim - The Descent of the Egyptians from Ham is recognized in Psalms 104:23; Psalms 104:27; Psalms 78:51, where Egypt is called "the land of Ham
Nahshon - The sixth in Descent from Judah, inclusive; David was fifth after him (Numbers 7:12; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:32; 1 Chronicles 2:10-12)
Easter Even - The day between Good Friday and Easter Day is so calledand commemorates the Descent of our Blessed Lord's soul into Hell(the place of departed spirits), while His Body rested in the grave
Impeccability - Concupiscence and actual sin flow from original sin which we contract by reason of our carnal Descent from Adam, but Christ was conceived miraculously through the operation of the Holy Ghost
Uckewallists - His argument was this, that the period of time which extended from the birth of Christ to the Descent of the Holy Ghost was a time of deep ignorance, during which the Jews were destitute of divine light; and that, of consequence, the sins and enormities which were committed during this interval were in a great measure excusable, and could not merit the severest displays of the divine justice
Quartering - ) One of the different coats of arms arranged upon an escutcheon, denoting the Descent of the bearer
Pentecost - ) A festival of the Roman Catholic and other churches in commemoration of the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of Pentecost; - called also Whitsunday
Emanation - It is a process of Descent from the perfect to the less perfect, the First Source remaining unchanged
Affiliate - ) To connect in the way of Descent; to trace origin to
Bethhoron - From Gibeon to upper Bethhoron is a distance of four miles, partly Descent, but mainly ascent; hence it is called the "going up" to Bethhoron (Joshua 10:10-11), but in the second stage of Joshua's pursuit it is the "going down to Bethhoron," the Descent beginning from the upper village toward the lower one
Rand - ) Standing in the second or some more remote degree of parentage or Descent; - generalIy used in composition; as, grandfather, grandson, grandchild, etc
Habakkuk - Of his Descent and family the Holy Ghost is silent
Rand - ) Standing in the second or some more remote degree of parentage or Descent; - generalIy used in composition; as, grandfather, grandson, grandchild, etc
Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feasts o -
September 15, in devotion to the seven dolors of Mary:
the prophecy of Simeon
flight into Egypt
loss of the Child Jesus at Jerusalem
meeting Jesus on the road to Calvary
standing at the foot of the Cross
the Descent of Jesus from the Cross
His burial
It was first granted to the Servites in 1668, and extended to the whole Church by Pope Pius VII in 1814
Harrowing of Hell - An Old English and Middle English term for the triumphant Descent of Christ into hell between the time of His Crucifixion and Resurrection
Hell, Harrowing of - An Old English and Middle English term for the triumphant Descent of Christ into hell between the time of His Crucifixion and Resurrection
Purchase - ) Acquisition of lands or tenements by other means than Descent or inheritance, namely, by one's own act or agreement. ) To acquire by any means except Descent or inheritance
Genealogy - One great object in the preservation of these genealogical lists was to note Christ's Descent. The Davidic Descent of Jesus is a mark of the Messiah, and is clearly taught in the prophecy, and also in Romans 1:3; 2 Timothy 2:8; Hebrews 7:14; John 7:42; Acts 13:23
Balak - Moab's Descent from Lot, originally of Mesopotamia; also the merchant caravans passing across the deserts; also the advanced civilization of Moab in letters, proved by the Moabite stone some centuries later: all make it intelligible
Gallican Rite - Some hold it to be of Roman Descent, others Eastern, others a local development of the original common rite brought by the first missionaries
Salathiel - No genealogy would assign to a king's true son and heir an inferior parentage, whereas a private person's son would naturally be ranked in the king's pedigree on his becoming rightful heir of the throne, therefore Luke's genealogy must be that of the natural Descent, and Salathiel was "son of Neri," descended from Nathan son of David
Arpachshad - ARPACHSHAD was, according to Genesis 10:22 , the third son of Shem, and, according to Genesis 11:10 , he was the second in the line of Descent from Shem to Abraham
Acts of the Apostles - The Ascension of Christ into Heaven, the Descent of the Holy Ghost on the Apostles, Peter's first sermon and conversions, Paul's converions, missions, and journeyings are all told as historical events
Shuswaps - There were no clans; Descent was patriarchal
Rite, Gallican - Some hold it to be of Roman Descent, others Eastern, others a local development of the original common rite brought by the first missionaries
Nebuzar-a'Dan - (Jeremiah 52:30 ) Nebuchadnezzar in his twenty-third year made a Descent on the regions east of Jordan, including the Ammonites and Moabites, who escaped when Jerusalem was destroyed
Matthias - After His Descent on Pentecost casting of lots was never repeated, as "the discerning of spirits" in the church made it no longer needful
Inheritance - The reception of an estate by hereditary right, or the Descent by which an estate or title is cast on the heir as, the heir received the estate by inheritance
Affusion - Theoriginal mode was undoubtedly by the Descent of the person to bebaptized into a stream or pool of water
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - The tracing of Christ's Descent through Judah's royal line harmonizes with the kingly aspect of Jesus Christ in Matthew's Gospel. Matthew appropriately, as writing for Jews, gives Christ's legal Descent; Luke, for Gentiles, the natural Descent. Isaiah 11:1 implies that Messiah was the seed of David by natural as well as legal Descent. ...
Thus the genealogy of the inheritance (Matthew's) and that of natural Descent (Luke's) would be primarily Joseph's, then Mary's also
Hanun - David had in his outlawry by Saul received kindness from Nahash; naturally, as Nahash was (1 Samuel 11) Saul's enemy and neighbour of Moab with which David's Descent from the Moabitess Ruth connected him
Shuthelah - The Ephraimite settlements in the mountain district containing Bethhoron, Gezer, and Timnath Serah, were suited for a Descent on the Philistine plain containing Gath
Titus - A Gentile by Descent, and probably converted to Christianity under the preaching of Paul
Catholic Central Verein of America - Organization formed at Baltimore, Maryland, 1855, by the union of 11 benevolent societies whose members were Catholics of German birth or Descent
Boast - ) To vaunt one's self; to brag; to say or tell things which are intended to give others a high opinion of one's self or of things belonging to one's self; as, to boast of one's exploits courage, Descent, wealth
is'Sachar - 1753-45) At the Descent into Egypt four sons are ascribed to him, who founded the four chief families of the tribes
Cousin - , of the same stock, or Descent; hence "kinsman, kindred
Christ, Genealogy of - Only it must be supposed that at several points, instead of the actual Descent, the one or the other of the lists gives the legal relationship based on adoption in some manner. Our Lord was considered to belong to the family of David; this seems to be taken for granted in the New Testament, where we find no difficulty raised against Him on the ground of His Descent
Biblical Genealogies - That families preserved their genealogies carefully appears from the proof which for instance the priests were expected to give of their Descent; those unable to produce satisfactory evidence were excluded (Esdras 2). The same impression is derived from the New Testament references which take it for granted that individuals were able to trace their Descent (Luke 1; 2; Philemon 1:3)
Genealogies, Biblical - That families preserved their genealogies carefully appears from the proof which for instance the priests were expected to give of their Descent; those unable to produce satisfactory evidence were excluded (Esdras 2). The same impression is derived from the New Testament references which take it for granted that individuals were able to trace their Descent (Luke 1; 2; Philemon 1:3)
Genealogy of Christ - Only it must be supposed that at several points, instead of the actual Descent, the one or the other of the lists gives the legal relationship based on adoption in some manner. Our Lord was considered to belong to the family of David; this seems to be taken for granted in the New Testament, where we find no difficulty raised against Him on the ground of His Descent
Epicure'Ans, the, - ), a philosopher of Attic Descent, whose "Garden" at Athens rivalled in popularity the "Porch" and the "Academy. It is obvious that a system thus formed would degenerate by a natural Descent into mere materialism; and in this form Epicurism was the popular philosophy at the beginning of the Christian era
John the Evangelist, Saint - After Christ's Ascension and the Descent of the Holy Ghost, John, with Peter, was prominent in organizing the Church
Newark, New Jersey, City of - The Catholics of Newark, largely of German and Irish Descent, were served by missionaries from Paterson until 1828, when the first church, Saint John's, was opened
Rimmon - It is the present village of Rummon, "on the very edge of the hill country, with a precipitous Descent toward the Jordan valley," supposed to be the site of Ai
Inherit - To take by Descent from an ancestor to take by succession, as the representative of the former possessor to receive, as a right or title descendible by law from an ancestor at his decease
Derivation - ) The act of tracing origin or Descent, as in grammar or genealogy; as, the derivation of a word from an Aryan root
Antwerp - The cathedral, built 1354-1530, is cruciform, with triple aisles and an ambulatory, has a tower 400 feet high, and contains Rubens's "Descent from the Cross
Anvers - The cathedral, built 1354-1530, is cruciform, with triple aisles and an ambulatory, has a tower 400 feet high, and contains Rubens's "Descent from the Cross
Evangelist, John the, Saint - After Christ's Ascension and the Descent of the Holy Ghost, John, with Peter, was prominent in organizing the Church
Abiathar - the son of Ahimelech, and the tenth high priest among the Jews, and fourth in Descent from Eli
Genealogy - These belong to a well-recognized type, by which the relationship of nations, tribes, and families is explained as due to Descent from a common ancestor, who is often an ‘eponymous hero,’ invented to account for the name of the nation. We should note that the distinctive feature of the Greek genealogies, which traced national Descent from the gods, is absent from the OT. Whatever view be taken of the genealogies of our Lord (see next article), their incorporation in the Gospels proves the importance attached to Descent in the NT period; they also show that at that time records were kept which made the construction of such tables a possibility. The hope of being the ancestor of the Messiah, and the natural pride of royal Descent, probably caused the records of the house of David to be preserved with great care. The Talmud speaks of professional genealogists, and in the present day many Jews, especially among the priests, treasure long and detailed family trees, showing their pure Descent (cf. It was then that the line between the Jews and other nations became sharply drawn, and stress was laid on purity of Descent, whether real or fictitious. After the return from Babylon, it was more important to be able to trace Descent from the exiles than to be a native of Judah (Ezra 9:1-15 ). There are numerous discrepancies in the various lists, and there is a strongly marked tendency to ascribe a Levitical Descent to all engaged in the service of the sanctuary, e. The Arabian genealogies all date from the reign of Caliph Omar, when circumstances made purity of Descent of great importance
Fall - ) The act of falling; a dropping or descending be the force of gravity; Descent; as, a fall from a horse, or from the yard of ship. ) Declivity; the Descent of land or a hill; a slope. ) Descent of water; a cascade; a cataract; a rush of water down a precipice or steep; - usually in the plural, sometimes in the singular; as, the falls of Niagara. ) Extent of Descent; the distance which anything falls; as, the water of a stream has a fall of five feet
Corruption - In law, taint impurity of blood, in consequence of an act of attainder of treason or felony, by which a person is disabled to inherit lands from an ancestor, nor can retain those in his possession, nor transmit them by Descent to his heirs
Rade - ) The rate of ascent or Descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an inclined plane; - usually stated as so many feet per mile, or as one foot rise or fall in so many of horizontal distance; as, a heavy grade; a grade of twenty feet per mile, or of 1 in 264
Rade - ) The rate of ascent or Descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an inclined plane; - usually stated as so many feet per mile, or as one foot rise or fall in so many of horizontal distance; as, a heavy grade; a grade of twenty feet per mile, or of 1 in 264
Epicureans - A sect of philosophers which derived its origin from Epicurus, of Athenian Descent, but born in Samos 341 b
Beth-Shean, or Beth-Shan - It stood on the brow, just where the former valley drops down by a rather steep Descent to the level of the latter
Genealogy - ...
The promise of Canaan, Israel's separation from the Gentiles, the prophecy of Messiah's Descent from Judah, the hereditary priesthood in Aaron's family, and the limitation of ministerial offices to Levi, the promises to David's seed, and the division of Canaan by tribes and families, all combined to make Israel more careful of genealogies than: any other nation. The genealogies refer often to political and territorial divisions, and not strictly to natural Descent, so that "sons" of a patriarch are not necessarily restricted to those so by birth. " Josephus traces his own Descent to the first of the 24 courses of priests, adding "as I have found it recorded in the public tables. Apion, 1:7) the priests had to verify the Descent of their intended wives from the archives at Jerusalem, and to make new genealogical tables after every war, in order to ascertain what women had been made captives, as such were excluded from marrying priests; the list of high priests for 2,000 years backward was preserved in the archives in his day. Benjamin of Tudela says that the princes still professed to trace their Descent up to David. ...
In interpreting a genealogy it is to be remembered that the list may represent the succession to an inheritance or headship of tribe or family, rather than natural Descent. So in Ezra's genealogy (Ezra 7:1-5, compare 1 Chronicles 6:4-15) five Descents are omitted between Azariah Meraloth's son and Azariah Johanan's son; and several between Ezra himself and Seraiah, put to death 150 years before Ezra by Nebuchadnezzar. Christ's Descent through David, from Abraham and Adam, is given in an unbroken line of genealogy
Five Nations - Their government was based upon the clan system, with Descent in the female line, each tribe having its women's council, chosen from the mothers of the tribe and taking the initiative in public matters, such as the right of adoption, the jurisdiction of territorial domain, and the decisions of questions of war and peace
Apron - ) A flooring of plank before a dam to cause the water to make a gradual Descent
Ascension - The ascension was demonstrated by the Descent of the Holy Ghost, ...
John 16:7-14 Acts 2:1-47
Nathan - Several men named Nathan are mentioned in the Bible, one of them being a son of David in the line of Descent that produced the Messiah (2 Samuel 5:14; Zechariah 12:12; Luke 3:31)
Distant - Remote in the line of succession or Descent, indefinitely as a distant descendant a distant ancestor distant posterity
Eneration - ) A single step or stage in the succession of natural Descent; a rank or remove in genealogy
Claim - To have a right or title to as, the heir claims the estate by Descent he claims a promise
Greeks, Grecians - Descent in the narrowest sense ( Acts 16:1 ; Acts 18:4 , Romans 1:14 ), or may be a general designation for all who are not of Jewish extraction ( John 12:20 , Romans 1:16 ; Romans 10:12 , Galatians 3:28 )
Reat - ) Older, younger, or more remote, by single generation; - often used before grand to indicate one degree more remote in the direct line of Descent; as, great-grandfather (a grandfather's or a grandmother's father), great-grandson, etc
Precipitate - ) Falling, flowing, or rushing, with steep Descent; headlong
Generation - Beside the common acceptation of this word, as signifying Descent, it is used for the history and genealogy of any individual, as "The book of the generations of Adam," Genesis 5:1 , the history of Adam's creation, and of his posterity
Genealogies of Jesus Christ - There is no evidence that any special stress was laid upon the Davidic Descent of Jesus, either by Himself or in the preaching of the Apostles. It was assumed that He was ‘Son of David,’ and the title was given to Him as the Messiah; nor does it appear that His claim was ever seriously contested on the ground that His Davidic Descent was doubtful. Paul in Romans 1:3 speaks of Christ as ‘born of the seed of David according to the flesh,’ and in 2 Timothy 2:8 he names this Descent, along with the Resurrection, as one of the salient points of the gospel he preached: ‘Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, of the seed of David, according to my gospel. Peter in his speech on the Day of Pentecost (1 Chronicles 2:1-15,) mentions God’s promise to David, ‘that of the fruit of his loins he would set one upon his throne,’ and points to its fulfilment in Christ; but in addressing Cornelius (Acts 10:38) he speaks of Christ as ‘Jesus of Nazareth’; and this would seem to imply that the birth at Bethlehem, which brought into prominence the claim to Davidic Descent, did not form part of his ordinary missionary preaching. In the Apocalypse the Davidic Descent is apparently assumed (Revelation 22:16) as well as the birth from the tribe of Judah (Revelation 5:5); but the use of the phrase ‘the root of David ‘in both passages shows that the essential and spiritual priority to David was more prominent in the writer’s mind than the physical Descent from him. show clearly that He did not choose to support His claim by an appeal to fleshly parentage; while the words of Philip (John 1:45 ‘We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph’), and of the crowd at Capernaum (John 6:42 ‘Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know?’), left, as they are, without comment by the Evangelist, suggest that he was unacquainted with the story of the birth at Bethlehem, and laid no stress on the Davidie Descent. ...
In all the books thus far mentioned no intimation is given whether the Descent of Jesus is traced through Mary or Joseph: this fact must be recognized, however it is explained. Luke (Luke 3:23-38) makes Joseph the son of Heli, and grandson of Matthat (by some identified without any proof with Matthan of Matthew 1:15), and traces his Descent through Zerubbabel and Shealtiel to Nathan the son of David; then (with only slight or textually doubtful divergences from Mt. In the third section only Shealtiel and Zerubbabel are mentioned in the OT [3]. Thus it would mark the change from the reigning family of the second section to a family of royal Descent in the third section. ...
This examination compels us to conclude that the genealogy is essentially and intentionally artificial; the word ‘begat’ (ἐγέννησεν) is not intended necessarily to imply physical birth, but merely marks the Descent; the compiler was more interested in the throne-succession than the actual lineage, and used his material to illustrate and enforce his main proposition that Jesus Christ was the son of David and of Abraham, and he joined to the bare pedigree a sort of running commentary of notes. —The Descent of Joseph is traced through Nathan the son of David. The rejection of the Descent through Jechoniah may have been due to the influence of the prophecy of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 22:30): ‘Thus saith the Lord, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah’: but there is no apparent reason why the line of Nathan should be selected, unless St. Matthew’s genealogy in the names Zerubbabel and Shealtiel has not been satisfactorily explained; it is, of course, open to any one to assume, without the possibility of either proof or refutation, that Jechoniah was actually childless, and adopted Shealtiel, a descendant of Nathan; but even so the further divergence in the Descent from Zerubbabel remains as difficult as ever, for the pedigrees disagree with each other, and with the names given in 1 Chronicles 3:19 ff
Indians, Maya - They had a clan system with Descent in the male line
Maya Indians - They had a clan system with Descent in the male line
Engedi - The "fountain" from which it derives its name rises on the mountain side about 600 feet above the sea, and in its rapid Descent spreads luxuriance all around it
On - Tradition makes Plato and other Greek philosophers study in Heliopolis; later, the foundation of the Alexandrian library, on the one hand, deprived Heliopolis of the glory of learning, and, on the other, the old traditions of royal Descent from the Sun-god had little weight with the Ptolemys
Semite - (ssehm' ite) A person who claims Descent from Noah's son Shem (Genesis 5:32 ; Genesis 10:21-31 ) or, more precisely as a linguistic term, those peoples speaking one of the Semitic languages
Abi'Athar - liberal ), High priest and fourth in Descent from Eli
Beth'Any - It lies on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives, fully a mile beyond the summit, and not very far from the point at which the road to Jericho begins its more sudden Descent towards the Jordan valley
Lower, Lowest - A — 1: κατώτερος (Strong's #2737 — Adjective — katoteros — kat-o'-ter-os ) the comparative degree of kato, "beneath," is used in Ephesians 4:9 , of Christ's Descent into "the lower parts of the earth;" two of the various interpretations of this phrase are (1) that the earth is in view in contrast to heaven, (2) that the region is that of hades, the Sheol of the OT
Rain - The Descent of water in drops from the clouds or the water thus falling
Beth'Any - It lies on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives, fully a mile beyond the summit, and not very far from the point at which the road to Jericho begins its more sudden Descent towards the Jordan valley
Pitch - ) A Descent; a fall; a thrusting down. ) The point where a declivity begins; hence, the declivity itself; a descending slope; the degree or rate of Descent or slope; slant; as, a steep pitch in the road; the pitch of a roof
Seraiah - Ezra claimed Descent from him, Ezra 7:1 ( 1E Esther 8:1 Azarias , 2E Esther 1:1 Sam araias )
Beth-Horon - Between the two places was the ascent and Descent of Beth-horon, leading from Gibeon down to the western plain (Joshua 10:10,11 ; 18:13,14 ), down which the five kings of the Amorites were driven by Joshua in that great battle, the most important in which the Hebrews had been as yet engaged, being their first conflict with their enemies in the open field
Extract - ) Extraction; Descent
Heman - Hervey makes Heman 14th in Descent from Levi
Daniel - He was head of his father’s house, and traced his Descent from Ithamar
Branch - ) A line of family Descent, in distinction from some other line or lines from the same stock; any descendant in such a line; as, the English branch of a family
Jesse - In Isaiah 11:1 the ‘stock of Jesse’ is mentioned as that from which the Messiah is to issue; the thought probably being that of the humble Descent of the Messiah as contrasted with His glorious Kingdom which is to be
Original - Nations, like individuals, are ambitious to trace their Descent from an honorable origin
Rubens, Peter Paul - His masterpiece is The Descent from the Cross in the Antwerp cathedral
Jew - " The name is there used of those claiming to be the people of God by Descent, but not so morally, as in another place there are some "who say they are apostles, and are not
Count - For "descent is counted" see GENEALOGY
Descent Into Hades - No one in the Apostolic or sub-Apostolic Age would have been impelled by dogmatic considerations to insert the article of the Descent into Hades in the baptismal creed, for it was only another way of saying that Christ died. In the NT, accordingly (with the exception of 1 Peter 3:19; 1 Peter 4:6), the references to Christ’s Descent into the under world are incidental only, introduced to illustrate special points; e. But the question was inevitable: when Christ descended to the under world, what office did He perform there? And in attempting to find an answer to the question as to the consequences and the purpose of Christ’s Descent into Sheol, the early Christians naturally betook themselves to the OT and to the forecasts of Messiah’s mission which they found therein. With this should be compared Matthew 27:52-53, perhaps the earliest suggestion of the thought that the saints were freed from the bondage of Hades by the Descent of Christ. ]'>[7] This is the general view: the express purpose of Christ’s Descent to Hades was to liberate the souls who were there in thrall. We find, then, that, while the NT gives no explicit sanction to this idea of the conquest of the powers of the under world and the deliverance of imprisoned souls by Christ’s Descent into Hades, it was firmly established in the 2nd and 3rd cent. This, according to Clement of Alexandria, who does not countenance the legendary developments of the idea of liberation, was the sole purpose of Christ’s Descent into Hades, viz. Thus Hermas does not speak of a Descent of Christ into Hades, but he finds a mission there for the apostles and teachers of the Christian dispensation, viz. The Descent into Hades is the topic in several of the recently discovered Odes of Solomon, which date from the 2nd century. Four points in particular may be noted:...
(a) The Descent was a going down into ‘the abyss’ (Romans 10:7). That is, the terror of the powers of evil is described in the same language, whether the Descent to Hades or Christian baptism is the topic. ...
Other illustrations might be given, but these are sufficient to show that what may be called the folklore of the Descent into Hades is closely connected with the folklore of baptism
Human Race - The different races existing among men do not militate against this unity of species and Descent
Guelphs And Ghibellines - The popes fostered and favored the popular liberties and the growth of the communes, so that the Guelphs were in the main the republican party, while the Ghibellines represented the feudal lords of Teutonic Descent
Estate - Real estate consists in lands or freeholds, which Descent to heirs personal estate consists in chattels or movables, which go to executors and administrators
Armenians - They believe that Christ at his Descent into hell freed the souls of the damned from thence, and reprieved them to the end of the world, when they shall be remanded to eternal flames
Lebanon - Its western Descent toward CœloSyria is abrupt and steep; to the east it gradually sinks into the plains of the desert
Saint Thomas Christians - A body of Christians in India who claim spiritual Descent from the Apostle Saint Thomas, Bishop of Mylapore, who was martyred in 68, according to strong local tradition and collateral evidence
Ghibellines, Guelphs And - The popes fostered and favored the popular liberties and the growth of the communes, so that the Guelphs were in the main the republican party, while the Ghibellines represented the feudal lords of Teutonic Descent
Genealogies - (gee nee al' oh gieess) Records of family lineage that trace the Descent of a person, family, or group from an ancestor. ...
Such genealogies thus provided a wide range of functions in Hebrew life—from establishing inheritance rights, to tracing priestly and royal Descent, to ensuring racial purity
Jordan - The two principal features in its course are its Descent and its windings. The whole Descent from its source to the Dead Sea is 3000 feet
Spirits in Prison - This expression appears in 1 Peter 3:19, and some of its implications have been already discussed under Descent into Hades. 2 Es 7:85, 95 and Isaiah 42:7; Isaiah 49:9; Isaiah 61:1 for phrases out of which the idea of Sheol as a prison might have grown (see, further, Descent into Hades, 3). This has already been discussed under Descent into Hades, where it has been shown that various opinions were held by the early Christian theologians as to the scope of Christ’s mission to the under world, some confining it to Jews, some to Gentiles, and some admitting all the departed, righteous or unrighteous, to a share in its benediction. Thus the words θανατωθεὶς μὲν σαρκὶ, ζωοποιηθεὶς δὲ πνεύματι lead directly to the recital of the Descent into Hades. -To the books named under Descent into Hades may be added A
Herod the Great - (Matthew 2:1-22 ; Luke 1:5 ; Acts 23:35 ), the son of Antipater, an Idumaean, and Cypros, an Arabian of noble Descent
Merom - At its southern extremity the plain is similarly traversed by elevated and broken ground, through which, by deep and narrow clefts, the Jordan, after passing through Lake Huleh, makes its rapid Descent to the Sea of Galilee
Engedi - below the top of the cliffs, bursting from the limestone rock down the deep Descent amidst banks of acacia, mimosa, and lotus
Man - As Adam's incarnation was the crowning miracle of nature, so Christ's incarnation is the crowning miracle of grace; He represents man before God, as man represents nature, not by ordinary Descent but by the extraordinary operation of the Holy Spirit
Boaz - ...
David's Descent from Ruth the Moabitess accounts for the intimacy of David with the king of Moab, so that it was with him he left his father and mother in his flight from Saul (1 Samuel 22:3-5); an undesigned coincidence between the books of Samuel and Ruth, a mark of genuineness (compare Psalms 27:10)
Lightning - There is vivid suggestiveness in the comparison of Satan’s overthrow with the Descent of lightning ( Luke 10:18 )
Jesus - Jesus surnamed Justus (Colossians 4:11), a Christian convert of Jewish Descent who was with the Apostle Paul in Rome at the date of his writing the Epistle to the Colossians
Hilarianus (1) Quintus Julius, Latin Chiliast Writer - ...
887 "...
He believes that after the close of the apocalyptic thousand years will come the loosing of Satan, the seducing of the nations Gog and Magog, the Descent of fire from heaven upon their armies; then the second resurrection, the judgment, the passing away of the old things and the bringing in of the new heavens and new earth; "impii in ambustione aeterna; justi autem cum Deo in vita aeterna" (c
Heir - The man who succeeds, or is to succeed another in the possession of lands, tenements and hereditaments, by Descent the man on whom the law casts an estate of inheritance by the death of the ancestor or former possessor or the man in whom the title to an estate of inheritance is vested by the operation of law, on the death of a former owner
Zechariah - The eleventh of the twelve minor prophets, of priestly Descent and a contemporary or Haggai
Jesus - Jesus surnamed Justus (Colossians 4:11), a Christian convert of Jewish Descent who was with the Apostle Paul in Rome at the date of his writing the Epistle to the Colossians
Kidron - Its whole length, in a straight line, is only some 20 miles, but in this space its Descent is about 3,912 feet
Descent to Hades - The idea of Descent to Hades was a theme of many ancient religions to describe the work of a religious hero
Idumaea - They were partly destroyed, partly absorbed, by the Bedouin tribes who claimed Descent through Esau from Abraham, and who were acknowledged by the Israelites as late as the date of the Deuteronomic codes as brethren ( Deuteronomy 23:7 )
Accad - In the Babylonian inscriptions they are called "the black heads" and "the black faces," in contrast to "the white race" of Semitic Descent
Kerygma - According to this reconstruction, the preaching of the early church included the following elements: (1) the prophecies of the coming Messiah have been fulfilled, (2) the prophecies were fulfilled by the Davidic Descent, ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus, (3) Jesus has been exalted to God's right hand as the Head of the new Israel, (4) the Holy Spirit is the sign of Christ's present power and glory, (5) Christ will return, and (6) a call for repentance
Brook - In the longer Descent westward the valleys frequently open into beautiful and fertile glades
Hades - Since Christ's Descent into Hades, or the unseen, the spirit world, believers need not fear to enter this realm through death
Boaz - The son of Salmon and Rahab, and the father of Obed, by Ruth; of whom, by Descent, after the flesh, sprung Christ
Degree - ) A certain distance or remove in the line of Descent, determining the proximity of blood; one remove in the chain of relationship; as, a relation in the third or fourth degree
Bethany - At the bottom of a Descent, not far from the castle, you see his sepulchre, which the Turks hold in great veneration, and use it for an oratory, or place for prayer
Acts of the Apostles, - They are the fulfillment of the promise of the Father by the Descent of the Holy Spirit, and the results of that outpouring by the dispersion of the gospel among the Jews and Gentiles
Slavery - The subjection of a human being to another as a captive of war, Descent from such captive, or by purchase
Jew - Again the term" Israelites" expresses the high theocratic privileges of Descent from the patriarch who "as a prince had power with God" (2 Corinthians 11:22; Romans 9:4)
Gehenna (2) - ’ It is a ‘deep and yawning gorge’ (Wilson), and ‘never contains water’ (Socin), its Descent from its original source to Bir Eyyub being approximately 670 ft. of Jerusalem, including also its continuation below the junction of the Eastern and Western valleys at Bir Eyyub; the whole of the valley in its Descent toward the Dead Sea being known to the Arabs as Wâdy en-Nâr, ‘Valley of Fire
Acts of the Apostles - The principal facts recorded in it are, the choice of Matthias to be an Apostle in the room of the traitor Judas; the Descent of the Holy Ghost on the day of pentecost; the preaching, miracles, and sufferings of the Apostles at Jerusalem; the death of Stephen, the first martyr; the persecution and dispersion of the Christians; the preaching of the Gospel in different parts of Palestine, especially in Samaria; the conversion of St. It must have been of the utmost importance in the early times of the Gospel, and certainly not of less importance to every subsequent age, to have an authentic account of the promised Descent of the Holy Ghost, and of the success which attended the first preachers of the Gospel both among the Jews and Gentiles
Jor'Dan - The two principal features in its course are its Descent and its windings. (The whole Descent from its source to the Dead Sea Isaiah 3000 feet
Fall - The act of dropping or descending from a higher to a lower place by gravity Descent as a fall from a horse or from the yard of a ship. Declivity the Descent of land or a hill a slope. Descent of water a cascade a cataract a rush of water down a steep place usually in the plural sometimes in the singular as the falls of Niagara, or the Mohawk the fall of the Hoosatonuc at Canaan. Fall is applied to a perpendicular Descent, or to one that is very steep. When the Descent is moderate, we name it rapids. Extent of Descent the distance which any thing falls as, the water of a pond has a fall of five feet
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - 638), Allen, and Burkitt, that the word ‘begat’ in this list expresses legal heirship and not physical Descent. clearly believed in the Virgin Birth, and puts the genealogy immediately before the assertion of it; if physical Descent is intended, the genealogy through Joseph is unmeaning. states Jesus’ heirship by giving Joseph’s actual physical Descent according to some genealogy preserved in the family. ...
Africanus says that Herod the Great destroyed all the Jewish genealogies kept in the archives, so as to hide his own ignoble Descent, but that not a few had private records of their own (Euseb. Africanus says that our Lord’s relatives, called desposyni , prided themselves on preserving the memory of their noble Descent. At the same time it is noteworthy that our Lord did not base His claims on His Davidic Descent
Ararat - Bryant observes; that it is a compound of Ar-Arat, and signifies "the mountain of Descent, being equivalent to הראּ?ירד , of the Hebrews. The soil of the country was very fruitful, and especially of that part where the patriarch made his first Descent. It is, however, not necessary to suppose that the ark rested upon either of its tops; and that spot would certainly be chosen which would afford the greatest facility of Descent. Sir Robert Ker Porter is among the modern travellers who have given us an account of this celebrated mountain:—"As the vale opened beneath us in our Descent, my whole attention became absorbed in the view before me
Go Down - There is also the idea of the “descent” of the human soul into the realm of the dead. The “descent” of a shadow is its lengthening (2 Kings 20:11). Yârad is also used figuratively of a “descent in social position”: “The stranger that is within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low” ( Table of Nations - The names which appear in each of the families are names which come from several different categories: racial Descent, geographical location, language differences, or political units
Direct - ) In the line of Descent; not collateral; as, a descendant in the direct line
Abiathar - He was the tenth high priest, and the fourth in Descent from Eli
Of - ) Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating origin, source, Descent, and the like; as, he is of a race of kings; he is of noble blood
Genealogy - But to this the Jews reply, that either Elias, or some other inspired priest or prophet, shall come, and restore their genealogical tables before the Messiah's appearance; a tradition, which they ground on a passage in Nehemiah 7:64-65 , to this effect: the genealogical register of the families of certain priests being lost, they were not able to make out their lineal Descent from Aaron; and therefore, "as polluted, were put from the priesthood;" the "Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim
Reginald Pole - His royal Descent and friendship with the queen made him a considerable power in state affairs, but he was singularly disinterested in material promotion, and had nothing to do with the persecutions of Mary's reign
Phinehas - After the Exile a clan of priests, ‘the sons of Phinehas,’ claimed Descent from him ( Ezra 8:2 [3])
Generation - Here the root-idea is ‘birth,’ ‘descent,’ ‘offspring,’ from ילר ‘to bring forth. (3) The most important word used in the Gospels is γενεά, meaning (a) ‘race,’ ‘offspring,’ ‘descent’; (b) the people of any given period; (e) a period loosely defined by the life of a man or of a family; (d) in such phrases as εἰς γενεὰς γενεῶν (Luke 1:50) it is used, apparently as the equivalent of דֹּר דּרִים, to express indefinite time, generally in the future
Generation - Here the root-idea is ‘birth,’ ‘descent,’ ‘offspring,’ from ילר ‘to bring forth. (3) The most important word used in the Gospels is γενεά, meaning (a) ‘race,’ ‘offspring,’ ‘descent’; (b) the people of any given period; (e) a period loosely defined by the life of a man or of a family; (d) in such phrases as εἰς γενεὰς γενεῶν (Luke 1:50) it is used, apparently as the equivalent of דֹּר דּרִים, to express indefinite time, generally in the future
Moabite - By his Descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite blood in his veins
Genealogies - On the return from the exile some were unable to show their Descent from Aaron, and they were put out of the priesthood
Ascension of Christ - Acts 9:1-43 : Revelation 1:1-20 : The marvellous Descent of the Holy Ghost demonstrated it, John 16:7 ; John 16:14
Elagabalus, Emperor - ...
Varius Avitus Bassianus, as he was named at his birth, was of Phoenician Descent, and born at Emesa, in Syria, c
Messiah or Messias - Then also the genealogical lists were extant, which proved the Descent of Christ from the line predicted
Rezin - Like the Nethinim generally, they were very likely of foreign Descent
Worth - Worthiest of blood, an expression in law, denoting the preference of sons to daughters in the Descent of estates
Dan'Iel - He appears, however, to have been of royal or noble Descent, (Daniel 1:3 ) and to have possessed considerable personal endowments
Genealogy of Jesus Christ - This view has this greatly in its favor, that it shows that Jesus was not merely the legal but the actual descendant of David; and it would be very strange that in the gospel accounts, where so much is made of Jesus being the son and heir of David and of his kingdom his real Descent from David should not be given
Ishmael - Even today many of the Arab peoples claim Descent from him
Kohath, Kohathites - And in process of time every member of the Levitical or priestly ‘caste’ traced his Descent through one line or another to Levi. The importance of these families after the Exile was small, with the exception of the priests who traced their Descent from Aaron
Aaron - The verses probably belong to a time when ‘Levite’ had become a technical term for one trained in priestly functions, and when such priestly officials traced their Descent from Aaron. trained official priests, at local sanctuaries throughout the country traced their Descent to Aaron. Thus, when the Zadokite priests returned from Babylon, they would find it advisable to trace their Descent from Aaron (see Ezra 2:61 f
Arabia Felix - ...
There are, according to native historians, two races of Arabs: those who derive their Descent from the primitive inhabitants of the land, Joktan, etc
Zadok - ]'>[1] in 2 Samuel 8:17 (= 1 Chronicles 18:16 ) being doubtful, there is no definite information concerning his family except in the genealogical lists in 1 Chronicles 6:4-15 ; 1Ch 6:50-53 ; 1 Chronicles 24:3 , in which his Descent is traced from Eleazar the elder son of Aaron; but these details are of doubtful reliability
Nazarene - Men in applying the name unconsciously and in spite of themselves shed glory on Him; for Nazarene is related to neetser , a "branch," Messiah's distinctive title, indicating His Descent from royal David yet His lowly state (Isaiah 11:1); the same thought and image appear in the term tsemach (Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 33:15; Zechariah 3:8; Zechariah 6:12)
Ascension - His ascension assured, according to His promise, the Descent of the Holy Spirit, which was accomplished at Pentecost
Isaiah (2) - We find prophecies of his birth, 7-14; 9:6, of his Davidic Descent, 11:1, 2 etc
Degree - In genealogy, a certain distance or remove in the line of Descent, determining the proximity of blood as a relation in the third or fourth degree
Side - ) A line of Descent traced through one parent as distinguished from that traced through another
Ascension of Christ - The ascension was demonstrated by the Descent of the Holy Ghost, John 16:7 ; John 16:14 ; Acts 2:33 ; and the terrible overthrow and dispersion of the Jewish nation is still a standing proof of it, John 8:21 ; Matthew 26:64
Daniel - He appears, however, to have been of royal or noble Descent, Daniel 1:3, and to have possessed great natural talents
Church Year - This period culminated in Pentecost, which means “fiftieth day,” the celebration of the Descent of the Holy Spirit
Hanani'ah - He was of the house of David, according to Jewish tradition (Daniel 1:3,6,7,11,19 ; 2:17 ) ...
Son of Zerubbabel, (1 Chronicles 3:19 ) from whom Christ derived his Descent
za'Dok - Zadok was of the house of Eleazar the son of Aaron, (1 Chronicles 24:3 ) and eleventh in Descent from Aaron
jo'el - Junius and Tremellius make him the son of Hanoeh, while others trace his Descent through Carmi
Opposition - He assured them that their lineal Descent from Abraham, on which they prided themselves so much, gave them no special plea for acceptance with God
Joseph the Husband of Mary - Two lines of Descent from David came together in Jesus
Descent Into Hades - Descent INTO HADES . Through obedience even unto death, Christ became Lord of the under world also, and in His Descent asserted His Lordship ( Philippians 2:10 )
Pentecost - Contemplating the first open Descent of God the Holy Ghost as the first fruits of the Lord Jesus's gifts to his people in his return to glory, when he had finished redemption-work upon earth, we are taught to hail the coming of the Holy Ghost as the most blessed of all evidences, concerning the truth as it is in Jesus. And when the soul of a real believer in Christ is truly regenerated, and enabled by divine teaching to enter into a real heartfelt enjoyment of what is contained in the doctrine of the Descent of God the Holy Ghost upon the church, then this only festival becomes to every individual believer a renewed Pentecost indeed. What an evidence to all the other glorious testimonies of his mission! And I must contend for it, as for one of the plainest matters of fact the world was ever called to judge upon, that in the Descent of the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, we have as palpable a seal to the truth of the gospel as we have to any one of the most common events in the circumstances of human life; yea, the subject will warrant my going farther, and to say, that in the heart of every individual sinner whom "the Lord hath made willing in the day of his power," that soul is a living evidence of the Descent of the Holy Ghost
Fire - His Descent was denoted by the appearance of tongues as of fire (Acts 2:3 )
Kishon River - Nowhere does Kishon River run so close to Carmel as beneath Mahraka, from which the Descent to it is by a steep ravine
Trumpets, Feast of - ...
As the sound of the cornet signalized Jehovah's Descent on Sinai to take Israel into covenant, so the same sound at the close of the day of atonement announced the year which restored Israel to the freedom and blessings of the covenant (Exodus 19:16-49)
Sumer - Of special interest to biblical scholars are: the law code of Ur-nammu, the Sumerian king list, the flood story of Zuisudra, the paradise myth of Enki and Ninhursag, early forms of the Gilgamesh epic, and the Descent of Inanna to the underworld
Abijah - Nor does his inclusion in the course of Abijah carry with it lineal Descent through that line from Aaron
Father - Abraham was "father of nations," both by natural Descent from him and by spiritual fellowship in his faith (Genesis 18:18-19; Romans 4:17)
Tabernacle - , where the people were called to meet God), a preferable description to "the tabernacle of the congregation," as in the AV in the OT; the outer part, Hebrews 9:2,6 ; the inner sanctuary, Hebrews 9:3 ; (c) the heavenly prototype, Hebrews 8:2 ; 9:11 ; Revelation 13:6 ; 15:5 ; 21:3 (of its future Descent); (d) the eternal abodes of the saints, Luke 16:9 , RV, "tabernacles" (AV, "habitations"); (e) the Temple in Jerusalem, as continuing the service of the tabernacle, Hebrews 13:10 ; (f) the house of David, i
Theophilus - The difficulties of the Incarnation are then discussed and Christ's Descent from David maintained by Theophilus who argues that conception by a virgin was no more difficult to God than bringing water out of a rock
Tribes - Most of these returned exiles came to be regarded as members of the tribes of Judah or Benjamin, although some may have been able to trace their Descent from a distinguished member of another tribe, and others determined their tribe from the locality which they left at the Exile. No doubt many members of the priestly caste were in a position to claim their Descent from the tribe of Levi
Helena, Companion of Simon Magus - He states that Simon called this conception (Ennoea) Prunicus and Holy Spirit; and he gives a different account, in some respects, of the reasons for her Descent into the lower world. But in several systems we have the association with the First Cause of a female principle, his thought or conception; and we have the myth of the Descent of a Sophia into the lower material regions, her sufferings from the hostility of the powers who rule there, her struggles with them, and her ultimate redemption
Paula, a Roman Lady - She was born in 347, and while quite young was married to the senator Toxotius, of the Julian family, which traced its Descent from Aeneas. Through her mother Blaesilla she was connected with the Scipios and the Gracchi, through her father Rogatus with a Greek family, which traced its Descent from Agamemnon
Hades - In the New Testament a Descent to Hades may simply refer to someone's death and disembodied existence. However, Jesus' Descent to Hades is theologically important. Furthermore, this Descent confirms that God assumed human nature and even our sinful destiny, death (2Col 5:14,21; Hebrews 2:14 )
Dove - ...
In art it is the emblem of the following saints, ...
Saint Agnes of Rome - woman with a dove holding a ring in its beak
Saint Ambrose of Milan
Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni of Siena - Dominican with a dove (the Holy Spirit) whispering in his ear as he preaches
Saint Augustine of Hippo
Saint Basil the Great - the dove is near the supernational fire that indicates Descent of the Holy Spirit on Basil
Saint Colman of Lindisfarne - the name Colman means dove
Saint Colomba of Rieti - Dominican tertiary with a dove indicating the Holy Spirit
Saint Dathus - chosen as bishop when a dove descended on him and those present took it as a sign
Saint David of Wales - as proof of the truth of his preaching, a dove settled on his shoulder as he spoke
Saint Devota - as her martyred body was being taken home, a storm threatened to wreck the boat; a dove emerged from her mouth, and the storm stopped
Saint Dunstan of Canterbury - man writing with a dove (the Holy Spirit) nearby
Saint Eulalia of Merida
Pope Saint Fabian - chosen pope when a dove settled on his head and the people took it as a sign
Pope Saint Gregory the Great
Saint Ida of Herzfield - woman with a dove hovering over her head
Saint Ivo of Kermartin - lawyer surrounded by doves (the Holy Spirit)
Saint Joachim - elderly man carrying a basket of doves
Saint John Chrysostom
Saint Oliva
Saint Oswald
Saint Remigius
Saint Scholastica - at her death, her brother, Saint Benedict of Nursia, saw her soul ascend to heaven as a dove
Saint Teresa of Avila - Carmelite nun with a dove (the Holy Spirit) nearby while she writes
Saint Thomas Aquinas - Dominican with a dove (the Holy Spirit) speaking in his ear as he writes
Pope Saint Zachary - with a dove and olive branch to indicate his work as a peace maker
Adoption - However, as well he as his posterity, instead of being reckoned to the family of Judah, as they would have been by their paternal Descent from Hezron, is reckoned as sons of Machir, the father of Gilead
Creed, Apostles' - Besides, these creeds differed not only in the terms and expressions, but even in the articles, some of which were omitted in one or other of them; such as those of the Descent into hell, the communion of the saints, and the life everlasting
Spirits in Prison - Ericson...
See also Descent into Hell (Hades) ...
...
Blood - Kindred relation by natural Descent from a common ancestor consanguinity
Gordianus, Father of Pope Gregory the Great - 523) was his ancestor; but this pope being described as a Samnite, whereas Gregory is always spoken of as of Roman Descent, Felix III
Amorites - Their Descent to Canaan may be traced back to 2100-1800 when their settlement in the hill country helped to set the stage for the revelation of God through Israel
Baptism - " (Isaiah 4:4) And the New Testament gives the record of the first Descent of the Holy Ghost, after Christ's return to glory, in the shape of cloven tongues, like as of fire, which sat upon each of them
Bethesda - But had they attended to what the Holy Ghost hath recorded, by his servant John, in the history of the Bethesda, they would have observed, that the peculiar miraculous quality the pool possessed, was only at a certain season, and from the Descent of an angel into the pool; and the miracle expressly limited also to one person. But as then, it was the Descent of an angel into the pool which gave efficacy to the waters, so now, it is by the coming of our Lord Jesus, the almighty angel of the covenant, into our midst, that any saving effect can be derived from the purest ordinances, or forms of worship
Samaria - In Ezra's (1618839422_95) time they claim no community of Descent, but only of religion, with the Jews. Manasseh, of priestly Descent, having been expelled for an unlawful marriage by Nehemiah, built a temple on Mount Gerizim for the Samaritans by Darius Nothus' permission. The Pentateuch was their sole code; for their copy they claimed an antiquity and authority above any Jewish manuscript Jewish renegades joined them; hence they began to claim Jewish Descent, as the Samaritan woman (John 4:12) says "Jacob our father
Nahash - Nahash is made by Stanley the king of Ammon, which is not impossible, considering Jesse's Descent from Ruth a Moabitess, and also David's connection with Nahash of Ammon; but is improbable, since if the Nahash father of Abigail were the king of Ammon it would have been stated
Down - Along a Descent from a higher to a lower place as, to run down a hill to fall down a precipice to go down the stairs
Ethiopia - Its rulers were probably of Egyptian Descent; they are represented as being entirely subservient to Ammon, i
Hebrew - The above characteristic was doubtless subsequently lost, and nothing seen in it but the natural Descent from Abraham through Isaac and Jacob; the same persons being mostly called Israelites
Feasts - Pentecost: Feast of Weeks: First } Descent of the Holy...
Fruits (wheat )
Slide - ) The Descent of a mass of earth, rock, or snow down a hill or mountain side; as, a land slide, or a snow slide; also, the track of bare rock left by a land slide
Sharp - ) Steep; precipitous; abrupt; as, a sharp ascent or Descent; a sharp turn or curve
Capreolus, Bishop of Carthage - ...
It is instructive to note the importance that he attaches to the Descent of the God-man into Hades
Genealogy - Let it only be remembered that these records have respect to political and territorial divisions as much as to strictly genealogical Descent, and it will at once be seen how erroneous a conclusion it may be that all who are called "sons" of such or such a patriarch or chief father must necessarily be his very children
Rechab, Rechabites - But if he was a Rechabite by Descent, he must have abandoned their principles
John the Baptist - He was of priestly Descent
Urim And Thummim - ...
In Ezra 2:63 finally those who could not prove their priestly Descent were excluded from the priesthood "till there should stand up a priest with Urim and Thummim
Merari, Merarites - The third son of Levi, to whom a division of the Levites traced their Descent ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Numbers 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1Ch 6:16 ; 1 Chronicles 15:17-197
Grecians Greeks - In the NT the term is correctly used of those who are of Greek Descent (Acts 16:1; Acts 18:4, Romans 1:14), although we also find it used as a general designation for all who do not belong to the Jewish race
Drop - ) Act of dropping; sudden fall or Descent
Genealogy of the Lord Jesus - It is better therefore to consider that Luke gives the lineal Descent of the Lord through Mary
Anoint - The ceremony of regal anointing needed not to be repeated in every instance of succession to the throne, because the unction which the first one who held the sceptre in any particular line of princes had received was supposed to suffice for the succeeding incumbents in the same Descent
Aram - The name was related to the place where the forefathers lived, not to their racial Descent
Grecians Greeks - In the NT the term is correctly used of those who are of Greek Descent (Acts 16:1; Acts 18:4, Romans 1:14), although we also find it used as a general designation for all who do not belong to the Jewish race
Ezra - ...
According to Ezra 7:1-5 , Ezra was of priestly Descent, and in fact a member of the high-priestly family (a ‘Zadokite’). But his priestly Descent has been called in question
Sin - A few days after that great event, the Descent of the Holy Ghost enabled the Apostles to work miracles, and communicated to them a variety of other supernatural gifts. The greater heinousness of the sin of these men would consist in their rejecting a greater body of testimony; for they are supposed to be acquainted with the resurrection of our Saviour from the dead, with his ascension into heaven, with the miraculous Descent of the Holy Ghost, and with the supernatural powers which it communicated; circumstances, all of which were enforced by the Apostles when they preached the Gospel; but none of which could be known to those who refused to acknowledge Jesus as the Messiah during his actual ministry
Tongues, Confusion of - ); but that between these families of speech there is so great a difference of structure, that their Descent from one original tongue seems highly improbable
Ararat - On the side of the greater is a chasm, probably once the crater of the volcano; silence and solitude reign all around; Arguri, the only village on the Descent, is the traditional site of Noah's vine
Absalom - Absalom was now probably the oldest surviving son of David, and as he was of royal Descent by his mother as well as by his father, he began to aspire to the throne
Gedaliah - Jealousy of Gedaliah's presidency was Ishmael's motive; his royal Descent leading him to regard himself as the rightful ruler
Saints - Thus Moses, describing the Descent of the Lord upon mount Sinai, saith, "He came with ten thousands of saints
Brook - Much deeper are the gullies eastward, where the Descent is steeper, towards the Jordan
Abraham - ...
John showed that Descent from Abraham did not guarantee salvation (Matthew 3:9 )
Course - Order of proceeding or of passing from an ancestor to an heir as the course of Descent in inheritance
Gershon, Gershonites - The name Gershon is given to the eldest son of Levi, to whom a division of the Levites traced their Descent ( Genesis 46:11 , Exodus 6:16 , Numbers 3:17 , 1 Chronicles 6:1 ; 1 Chronicles 6:16 [1] 1 Chronicles 23:6 )
Hard - With violence with a copious Descent of water as, it rains hard
Acts of the Apostles - For the object of the evangelist was neither to give a complete history of the church during the period comprised, nor to record the labors of all the apostles: it was rather to exhibit the fulfillment of promise in the Descent of the Holy Spirit, and the consequent planting and growth of the Christian church among Jews and Gentiles by the establishment of centres of influence in various provinces of the empire, beginning at Jerusalem and ending at Home
Medes - ...
Discontent however led Media to seek to regain its old ascendancy and to elevate a Phraortes to the throne who claimed Descent from Cyaxares. Herodotus divides the Medes into six tribes, of which the Arizanti (of Aryan Descent) seem the first, then the Paretaceni, Struchates, Busae; lastly the Budii (the Putiya of the Persian inscriptions) and Magi (the priest caste, a Scythic tribe incorporated by the Medes with themselves, foreigners admitted into the nation)
Transmigration - His reappearance could only be conceived of as involving his Descent from heaven with the same body which he took there at the time of his ascension. The prophecy had been fulfilled, but its fulfilment involved neither the reincarnation of Elijah nor his Descent from heaven with his first body
Ascension of Jesus Christ - The mention of extremes in Paul's use of the Descent/ascent motif in Luke 24:51 calls to mind Paul's view that the nadir of Christ's Descent was certainly the cross ( Philippians 2:8 ); this "descent" is then connected in the passage with its opposite, his ascending "higher than all the heavens" to emphasize that Christ has the right to give gifts to men because he paid the price for them (cf
Rechab - ...
Benjamin of Tudela (12th century) says that near El Jubar (Pumbeditha) he found 100,000 Rechabite Jews, who tilled, kept flocks and herds, abstained from wine and flesh, and gave tithes to teachers who devoted themselves to studying the law and weeping for Jerusalem; their prince Solomon han Nasi traced his Descent to David and ruled over Thema and Telmas
Necromancy - Allusions to the Descent of Jesus to the dead after crucifixion could be understood in this way, but probably should be interpreted otherwise (Ephesians 4:9-10 ; 1 Peter 3:18-19 )
Adam - 3), human genealogical Descent ( Genesis 4:1 ; Genesis 4:25 , Genesis 5:1-5 )
Cana - ’ From this village he made a Descent during the night upon Tiberias (17)
Hagar - They serve to show the purity and pride of Jewish Descent, other tribes in the neighbourhood being kindred to them, but only offshoots from the parent stock
Barnabas - Barnabas, too, (who, being by Descent a Levite, might retain some former notions,) used the like dissimulation: but Paul reproved Peter and Barnabas with great freedom: Paul afterward determining to visit the churches in the isle of Cyprus, and in Asia Minor, Barnabas desired that John Mark might accompany them: but Paul objected, because Mark had left them on the first journey
Persia - Their Descent is traced to Shem, through his son Elam, after whom they were originally named
Prison - Descent into Hades
mo'ab - By his Descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite blood in his veins
Liturgy - While they varyin arrangement and phraseology, yet the leading and essential ...
                     TABLE SHOWING THE Descent OF PRINCIPAL LITURGIES                     ————————————————————————...
                          OUR LORD'S WORDS OF INSTITUTION                                       |                          APOSTOLIC NUCLEUS OF A LITURGY                                       |            ———————————————————————————————            | | | |  Liturgy of St
Pharisees - No man who was unable to trace his Descent from a priestly family could exercise any function in the Temple. They made an inextricable confusion between the question of the soul and the question of Descent from Abraham
Caleb - Hebron was afterward a priests' city, belonging to the Kohathites; but the territory about continued in Caleb's family (from which sprang the churl Nabal, for faith does not always come by blood Descent)at the time of David (1 Samuel 25:3; 1 Samuel 30:14)
Die, Dead, Dying - , Matthew 9:24 ; Romans 7:2 ; by reason of Descent from Adam, 1 Corinthians 15:22 ; or of violent "death," whether of men or animals; with regard to the latter it is once translated "perished," Matthew 8:32 ; of vegetation, Jude 1:12 ; of seeds, John 12:24 ; 1 Corinthians 15:36 ; it is used of "death" as a punishment in Israel under the Law, in Hebrews 10:28 ; (b) of the separation of man from God; all who are decended from Adam not only "die" physically, owing to sin, see (a) above, but are naturally in the state of separation from God, 2 Corinthians 5:14
Beersheba - Long afterward, on Jacob's Descent to Egypt, he halted there, sacrificed unto the God of Isaac, and had a vision of God encouraging him to go down
Babylon, Kingdom of - 606, Nabopolassar, the viceroy of Babylonia, who seems to have been of Chaldean Descent, made himself independent
Fire - The appearance of Christ in John's vision (Revelation 1:14 ; Revelation 2:18 ), was with eyes “as a flame of fire,” and the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:3 ), was accompanied by “tongues like as of fire
Ishmael - The Bedouins will not admit their Descent from Ishmael; they refer his descendants to the Most (or mixed) Arabians, because Ishmael's mother was an Egyptian
Age - From this period to Jacob's Descent into Egypt, 215 years; and from this event to the Exodus, 430 years, making the whole 645 years
Jacob's Well - The journey of our Lord from Judea into Galilee; the cause of it; his passage through the territory of Samaria; his approach to the metropolis of that country; its name; his arrival at the Amorite field, which terminates the narrow valley of Sichem; the ancient custom of halting at a well; the female employment of drawing water; the disciples sent into the city for food, by which its situation out of the town is so obviously implied; the question of the woman referring to existing prejudices which separated the Jews from the Samaritans; the depth of the well; the oriental allusion contained in the expression, "living water;" the history of the well, and the customs illustrated by it; the worship upon Mount Gerizim:—all these occur within the space of twenty verses; and if to these be added that remarkable circumstance mentioned in the fifty-first verse of the chapter, where it is stated that as he was now going down, his servants met him," his whole route from Cana being a continual Descent toward Capernaum, we may consider it as a record, signally confirmed in its veracity by circumstances, which remain in indelible character, to give them evidence, to this day
Line - We speak of the ascending or descending line the line of Descent the male line a line of kings
Jezreel (1) - , the hill on which Jezreel stood, is a steep Descent of rock, 100 ft
John the Baptist - The leading sects he denounced as a "generation of vipers" (compare Genesis 3:15, the serpent's "seed"), warning them that Descent from Abraham would not avail with out doing Abraham's works (compare John 8:39), and telling all practically and discriminatingly that the repentance needed required a renunciation of their several besetting sins; and that whereas, on their confession, he baptized with water baptism, the Mightier One would come baptizing with the Holy Spirit and fire (Matthew 3:11-12). John baptized Jesus and though knowing Him before as a man and his kinsman, yet then first knew His divine Messiahship by the Spirit's visible Descent (John 1:30-34)
Naphtali - He had four sons at the Descent to Egypt (Genesis 46:24)
War - National landholders led by men already revered for civil authority and noble family Descent, so long as they remained faithful to God, formed an army ensuring alike national security and a free constitution in a free country
Aaron (2) - He did not hold His office in virtue of earthly Descent, nor was He limited to an earthly sanctuary, nor did He present to God a sin-offering which could be, or needed to be, frequently repeated (Hebrews 9:24 f
Calvary - Buckingham describes the present mount as a rock, the summit of which is ascended by a steep flight of eighteen or twenty steps from the common level of the church, which is equal with that of the street without; and beside this, there is a Descent of thirty steps, from the level of the church, into the chapel of St
Sabellians - Watts conceived this union to have subsisted before the Saviour's appearance in the flesh, and that the human soul of Christ existed with the Father from before the foundation of the world: on which ground he maintains the real Descent of Christ from heaven to earth, and the whole scene of his humiliation, which he thought incompatible with the common opinion concerning him
Line - ) A series or succession of ancestors or descendants of a given person; a family or race; as, the ascending or descending line; the line of Descent; the male line; a line of kings
Sacrifice - Under the Old Law the priesthood was restricted to members of the tribe of Levi; under the new, priests are constituted, without alty restrictions as to Descent, by the reception of the sacrament of Holy Orders, through which sacrificial power and authority are conferred on them by Christ, the eternal and sole high priest
Prison (2) - Hell (Descent into)
Olives, Mount of - ...
Shimei, scrambling along the overhanging hill, flung down the stones and dust of the rough and parched Descent. the mountain approaches the wall, separated only by a narrow ravine, Kedron, to which the Descent from the Golden gate, or the gate of Stephen, is steep, and the ascent from the valley bed up the hill equally so. Luke 19:37, "when He was come nigh, even now at the Descent of the mount," etc
Exodus - Those who adopt the longer term reckon thus: ...
| Years | | From the Descent of Jacob into Egypt to the | death of Joseph 71 | | From the death of Joseph to the birth of | Moses 278 | | From the birth of Moses to his flight into | Midian 40 | | From the flight of Moses to his return into | Egypt 40 | | From the return of Moses to the Exodus 1 | | 430 ...
Others contend for the shorter period of two hundred and fifteen years, holding that the period of four hundred and thirty years comprehends the years from the entrance of Abraham into Canaan (see LXX. and Samaritan) to the Descent of Jacob into Egypt
Africanus, Julius - Africanus begins by rejecting a previous explanation that the genealogies are fictitious lists, designed to establish our Lord's claim to be both king and priest by tracing His Descent in one Gospel from Solomon, in the other from Nathan, who was assumed to be Nathan the prophet. According to this view Matthew gives the natural, Luke the legal, Descent of our Lord
Election - There was then a new election of a new people of God, to be composed of Jews, not by virtue of their natural Descent, but through their faith in Christ, and of Gentiles of all nations, also believing, and put as believers, on an equal ground with the believing Jews: and there was also a rejection, a reprobation, but not an absolute one; for the election was offered to the Jews first, in every place, by offering them the Gospel. Some embraced it, and submitted to be the elect people of God, on the new ground of faith, instead of the old one of natural Descent; and therefore the Apostle, Romans 11:7 , calls the believing part of the Jews, "the election," in opposition to those who opposed this "election of grace," and still clung to their former and now repealed election as Jews and the descendants of Abraham; "But the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
Paul - He was a Jew of pure Hebrew Descent, of the tribe of Benjamin, circumcised according to the law when eight days old, born at Tarsus in Cilicia, and by birth a free Roman citizen
Bethany - of the mount of Olives, a mile beyond the summit, near the point at which the road to Jericho makes a sudden Descent toward the Jordan valley; a hollow, wooded with olives, almonds, pomegranates, oaks, and carobs; lying below a secondary ridge which shuts out the view of the summit of Olivet
Amalekites - ) The Descent of the Amalekites from Amalek, Esau's grandson, is favored also by the consideration that otherwise a people so conspicuous in Israel's history would be without specification of genealogy, contrary to the analogy of the other nations connected with Israel in the Pentateuch
Gregorius, Saint., the Illuminator - Gregory instructed the people, and at his order they built three churches where the King's crimes had been perpetrated, and he called the place Etchmiadzin (the Descent of the Only-begotten), its Turkish name being Ütch-Kilise (Three Churches)
Turtle - ...
In the Descent of the Holy Ghost at the day of Pentecost, we find the representation very much to the same purport, and if compared with this of St
Generation - As it relates to the common act of man in the circumstances of Descent from father to son, I should not have though it needful to have detained the reader with a single observation; but in relation to the Son of God, as God, it becomes of infinite importance as an article of faith, that we should have the clearest apprehension which the subject will admit
Archangel - One of the two passages is in the First Epistle to the Thessalonians; where the Apostle, among the circumstances of the pomp of our Lord's Descent from heaven to the final judgment, mentions ‘the voice of the archangel;' the other passage is in the Epistle of St
Herod - The name of four princes, Idumaeans by Descent, who governed either the whole or a part of Judea, under the Romans, and are mentioned in the New Testament
Abiding - It is important to notice that that which was the object of sight to the Baptist was not merely the Descent of the Holy Spirit, but the Abiding. And here the careful student will observe that, though the preposition used in these verses is not ἐν but ἐπί, yet the employment of the latter is necessary as linking the Descent and the continuous indwelling of the Spirit in the Son
John the Baptist - They were both of priestly Descent ( Luke 1:5 ), and his mother was a kinswoman of the mother of Jesus ( Luke 1:36 ). ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand’ ( Matthew 3:2 ) was the Baptist’s theme, but on his lips the proclamation became a warning that neither Descent from Abraham nor Pharisaic legalism would constitute a title to the blessings of the Messianic age, and that it is vain for a nation to plead privilege when its sins have made it ripe for judgment
Canaan - Its valley is deeply sunk, and from its source to the Dead sea it has a Descent of two thousand feet. From this plain of the seacoast the ascent to the high land of the interior is by a succession of natural terraces; while the Descent to the Jordan, the Dead Sea, and Edom, is abrupt and precipitous
Abiding - It is important to notice that that which was the object of sight to the Baptist was not merely the Descent of the Holy Spirit, but the Abiding. And here the careful student will observe that, though the preposition used in these verses is not ἐν but ἐπί, yet the employment of the latter is necessary as linking the Descent and the continuous indwelling of the Spirit in the Son
Benjamin - Paul also traced Descent to this tribe ( Philippians 3:5 )
Genealogies - Their exaggerated importance was in some measure due to family pride, which loved an old Descent; and therefore it was considered a laudable ambition to build up legendary pedigrees of heroes and founders such as are met with, e
Aaron - ) in confirmation of the status already allowed him in Arabic usage (Exodus 4:14); and, though his successors were probably not all in the direct line of Descent, they found it convenient to claim relationship with him (Ezra 2:61 f
Amalekites - This will agree with the Arabian tradition as to their Descent
Judaea - South of Hebron there is a gradual Descent by steps or terraced slopes to the region which for many centuries has borne the distinctive name ‘Negeb’ or dry country. , nearly one half of which is a precipitous Descent from sea-level to the margin of the deeply depressed basin amid the silent hills
King (2) - This belief appears also in the emphasis which the early churches laid upon the Descent of Jesus from David (Romans 1:3), and in the endeavours which were made to substantiate it by the construction of genealogical tables (Matthew 1:1-16, Luke 3:23-36). To His Descent from David, if He gave it credence at all, He did not attach the slightest importance; indeed, He even sought to convince the scribes that in regarding the coming Messiah as the Son of David they fell far short of the truth
Judaea - South of Hebron there is a gradual Descent by steps or terraced slopes to the region which for many centuries has borne the distinctive name ‘Negeb’ or dry country. , nearly one half of which is a precipitous Descent from sea-level to the margin of the deeply depressed basin amid the silent hills
Common - Applied to men, it signifies, not noble, not distinguished by noble Descent, or not distinguished by office, character or talents as a common man a common soldier
Sabbath - And there can be no doubt that the Descent of the Holy Ghost at Pentecost was on that day (Acts 2:1 )
Above And Below - Like all similar expressions (ascent, Descent, etc
Melchizedek - At the same time it may perhaps be said that, as contrasted with the Levitical priests who succeeded to their priestly offices by reason of their Descent, an ancient priest-king is really typical of our Lord, inasmuch as it is likely that, in a primitive age, such a one would owe his position to his natural endowments and force of character
Nethinim - A very similar class of persons, ‘the children of Solomon’s servants ,’ is mentioned in Ezra 2:55 ; Ezra 2:58 , Nehemiah 7:57 ; Nehemiah 7:60 ; Nehemiah 11:3 ; their Descent was evidently traced to the non-Israelite slaves employed by Solomon in connexion with his buildings, some of whom must have laboured in the new royal sanctuary (cf
Galilee, Sea of - there is a gradual Descent to the valley of the Jordan, and then a rise to a plateau skirting the mountains of upper Galilee
Self- Examination - Among the mediaeval mystics the purification of self as the result of the painful Descent into the ‘cell of self-knowledge’ is a well-marked stage in the ascent to the uncreated good (E
Son of David - The Messiah does not owe His dignity to His Davidic Descent
Abba - ...
It seems probable (1) that the phrase, ‘Abba, Father,’ is a liturgical formula; (2) that the duality of the form is not due to a Hebraistic repetition for the sake of emphasis, but to the fact that the early Christians, even of non-Jewish Descent, were familiar with both Aramaic and Greek; (3) that Abba, being the first word of the Lord’s Prayer, was held in special veneration, and was quoted with the Greek equivalent attached to it, as a familiar devotional phrase (like Maran atha [2], which would be quite intelligible to Christiana of Gentile origin, though its Greek translation, ὁ Κύριος ἐγγός [3], was also used; cf
Ark - ), and finally found a resting-place in the temple of Shiloh under the care of a priestly family claiming Descent from Moses ( 1 Samuel 3:3 )
Evolution - In modern times, to mention but a few names, Vanini (1586-1619) taught the Descent of man from the ape, and Buffon (1707-1788) held that the primitive stocks were few
Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless - ...
4: παῖς (Strong's #3816 — Noun — pais — paheece ) signifies (a) "a child in relation to Descent," (b) "a boy or girl in relation to age," (c) "a servant, attendant, maid, in relation to condition
Jordan - The traditional site of Jacob's crossing Jordan (Jisr Benat Yacobe) at his first leaving Beersheba for Padan Aram is a mile and a half from Merom, and six from the sea of Galilee; in those six its Descent with roaring cataracts over the basaltic rocks is 1,050 ft. From Jerusalem to Jordan is only a distance of 20 miles; in that distance the Descent is 3,500 ft
Day - In the coming of Christ and in the Spirit's Descent at Pentecost, Peter discerns a day of God
Hebrews - ’ Probably in both cases the Apostle wishes to emphasize his true Hebrew Descent rather than to distinguish between himself as a Hebrew-speaking Jew and the Greek-speaking members of the race
Sabbath - (Revelation 1:10) And it is no small confirmation of the Lord's approval of the first day being appointed for the ordinance of the Sabbath, that not only the Lord Jesus arose on that day from the dead, but God the Holy Ghost made his first public Descent, agreeably to Christ's promise, on that day
Georgius, Arian Bishop of Alexandria - 11, 3), and, if so, must have been Cappadocian only by Descent
Apostle - This was bestowed at the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost
Sepulchre - Of these the two innermost are deeper than the rest, having a second Descent of about six or seven steps into them
Ban - The head of a family which could not trace its Descent ( 1Es 5:37 , a corrupt passage)
John the Baptist - As a result of that baptism, John knew for certain (through the visible Descent of the Spirit upon Jesus) that this one was the promised Messiah (Matthew 3:13-17; John 1:33-34)
Ascension of Isaiah - 6-11, in which Isaiah is successively led through the firmament and six lower heavens to the seventh heaven, and receives disclosures regarding the Descent, birth, works, crucifixion, and ascension of the Beloved. ’ It describes, briefly stringing together various details in the manner of an epitome, the coming and death of the Beloved; the Descent of the angel of the Christian Church; the ascension; the falling away of the Church, and the prevalence of error, impurity, strife, and covetousness; the coming of Beliar in the likeness of a lawless king, a matricide, who claims to be God, and demands Divine worship, and persecutes the saints for three years, seven months, and twenty-seven days. The conception of the gradual Descent from heaven to heaven, with corresponding transformation in form, suggests a Gnostic colouring, and possibly a Docetic tendency, as do also the statement that the Beloved escaped recognition at each stage, and the miraculous appearance of the born babe two months after the Virgin’s conception. 3:13b-4:18) His work includes the founding of the Church (‘the Descent of the angel of the Christian Church,’ 3:15), and, after coming forth from the tomb on the shoulders of Gabriel and Michael, the sending out of the Twelve
Holy Spirit - -In the primitive community’s recollections of its beginnings it stands out as a significant fact that the Descent of the Spirit is regarded as a particular experience, taking place on a particular day, and associated with the founding of the Church (Acts 2). John, who speaks of the Descent of the Spirit as the act of the Exalted Christ (John 7:39; John 14:16; John 14:26; John 16:13). But the occurrences which manifested to the disciples the Descent of the Spirit were distinguished from the events of Easter: the latter perfected the fellowship of Jesus with His disciples, while the former inaugurated their apostolic work and laid the foundation of the Church
Family - Descent was through the male which also determined the perpetuation of the family name and the personality. One word (patria ) was used to identify lineage and Descent from a specific ancestor (Luke 2:4 ; Acts 3:25 ; Ephesians 3:15 )
Ishmael - In all the northern tribes which are of Ishmaelite Descent, the characteristics foretold appear, they are "wild . Ishmael's royal Descent fired his envy and ambition; hence, he lent a ready ear to the plot proposed by the ancient foe of Judah
Upper Room (2) - ’ ‘We offer unto Thee, O Lord, also for Thy holy places, which Thou didst glorify with the manifestation of Thy Christ and the Descent of Thy all-holy Spirit, especially for the holy and glorious Sion, the mother of all churches. ’...
See also the plan, identifying the place of the Last Supper, of the Descent of the Holy Ghost, and of the death of the Blessed Virgin, left by Bishop Arculf, who visited Jerusalem in a
Fire - Similar to this is Yahweh's Descent upon Mount Sinai "in fire" (Exodus 19:18 ; cf
Tim'Othy - a Gentile, by Descent
Scythian - ’ Just as terrors which are only partially known assume gigantic proportions, so these Scythians, by their rapid Descent on Palestine, their unwonted appearance, their savage cruelty, and their short sojourn, impressed the imagination
Melchizedek - (b) He was dissociated from all the relations of time, neither qualified by priestly Descent for his office, nor interrupted in its discharge by death (Hebrews 7:3)
Break - In a ship, the break of the deck is the part where it terminates, and the Descent on to the next deck below commences
Absalom - possibly he feared the succession of Bathsheba's son to the throne, to which he had the title, being alone of royal Descent by his mother's side, also the oldest surviving son (Amnon being slain, and Chileab or Daniel dead, as his name does not occur after 2 Samuel 3:3)
Acts of the Apostles - The Lord had said, "I will build my church," Matthew 16:18 ; and the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost is the answer to the question, when did the incorporation of the church begin? 1 Corinthians 12:13 proves that it was by the gift of the Holy Spirit, though, as it has been said, the doctrine of the church was not revealed till afterwards
Parousia - The order of events awaited is the Descent of Jesus with His angels from the upper heavens to the lower; the sounding of the trumpet and the voice of the archangel which will summon the dead from Sheol; the giving to the saints of the body of the resurrection; the catching up of the living saints, who have been changed in the twinkling of an eye, to meet Jesus and the risen saints in the air; the general judgment of both living and dead; the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom, which, after a period of struggle, is to be victorious over the kingdom of Satan; and finally the fixing of the eternal supremacy of God
Jacob - ...
The line of Descent from Abraham through Isaac and Jacob was the line God used to produce the nation that became his channel of blessing to the whole world (Genesis 28:13-14)
Nazarene - But this implies that Christ was not Divine before and became Divine through the Descent of the Spirit
Jericho - Robbers still infest the road from Jerusalem down (a steep Descent) to Jericho, as when Jesus spoke the parable of the good Samaritan (Luke 10:30); Pompey undertook to destroy their strongholds not long before
Levite - ...
When David found that there were too many Levites for the amount of work available, he divided them into twenty-four groups according to their family Descent
Ulfilas - Of the number of these captives were the ancestors of Urphilas himself, who were of Cappadocian Descent, deriving their origin from a village called Sadagolthina, near the city of Parnassus" (Philost
Jeru'Salem - Hebron indeed is higher still by some hundred feet, and from the south, accordingly (even from Bethlehem), the approach to Jerusalem is by a slight Descent. How sudden is their Descent may be gathered from the fact that the level at the point of junction -about a mile and a quarter from the starting-point of each-- is more than 600 feet below that of the upper plateau from which they began their Descent
Jesus, Life And Ministry of - Only when this brief biographical sketch was complete did Luke append His genealogy (Luke 3:23-38 ), which confirms in passing Jesus' Davidic ancestry (Luke 3:31 ; compare Luke 1:32-33 ), while emphasizing above all His solidarity with the entire human race in its Descent from “Adam, which was the son of God” (Luke 3:38 ). ...
Jesus and the God of Israel Even after the momentous events associated with Jesus' baptism in the Jordan River—the Descent of God's Spirit on Him like a dove and the voice from heaven announcing “Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (1618839422_78 )—His identity as Son of God remained hidden from those around Him
God (2) - The idea of a Divine revelation clothed itself to His mind in the imagery of an open sky, the Descent of the Spirit, and a voice out of heaven (Mark 1:10-11)
le'Vites - The division of the tribe into the three sections that traced their Descent from the sons of Levi formed the groundwork of it
Dibon - "...
The Moabite stone confirms the connection of Israel with Moab, founded on their common Descent through Lot and Abraham, and afterward renewed through Ruth and her descendant David
Hosea - His first prophecy announces the coming overthrow of Jehu's house, fulfilled after Jeroboam's death, which the prophecy precedes, in Zachariah, Jeroboam's son, who was the fourth and last in Descent from Jehu, and conspired against by Shallum after a six months' reign (2 Kings 15:12)
Son of Man - All the Greek-speaking leaders of Christian thought from Ignatius and Justin Martyr to Chrysostom agree in teaching that the title has a special reference to the human nature of Jesus, the human side in His Descent
Cosmopolitanism - , where the claim founded on Descent from Abraham is contemptuously dismissed; also Matthew 12:41 f
Set - ) The act of setting, as of the sun or other heavenly body; Descent; hence, the close; termination
Ammon, Ammonites - The genealogy which traces their Descent from Lot probably signifies that they settled in the land of Lot, or Lotan, called by the Egyptians Ruten, which lay to the east of the Dead Sea and the Jordan
Habakkuk - The Book of Habakkuk, read as it now stands, must be dated shortly after the appearance of the Chaldæans on the stage of world-history, seeing that their Descent on the nations is imminent
People - ...
Third, this word may refer to the whole of a nation formed and united primarily by their Descent from a common ancestor
Angels of the Seven Churches - 15, there is a remarkable parallel: ‘the Descent of the angel of the Christian Church, which is in the heavens, whom He will summon in the last days
Son of Man - All the Greek-speaking leaders of Christian thought from Ignatius and Justin Martyr to Chrysostom agree in teaching that the title has a special reference to the human nature of Jesus, the human side in His Descent
Immortality - The most important passage for our purpose is 1 Peter 3:18-20, the ‘Descent into Hell’ of the Creeds. ...
If the passage be interpreted to refer to the visit of Christ to the souls in Sheol during the interval between His Death and His Resurrection, then this is the only NT passage which supports such a conception, and it is a possible view that the Christian interpretation of the passage has been influenced by the strong belief which grew up in the primitive Church in the Descent of Christ to Hades. But the passage requires fuller treatment than space allows of here (see, further, article Descent into Hades)
Birth of Christ - John was also ignorant of our Lord‘s Descent from David?* [8] an inference which might equally seem to follow from the passage before us, unless we remember that the Evangelist is presupposing that his readers would be well aware of the true Descent of Jesus and the actual place of His birth (see this point admirably put by Ramsay, Was Christ born at Bethlehem? p
Joshua - On the Descent Joshua heard the noise of the people shouting, and with a warrior's thought he said to Moses, "there is a noise of war in the camp"; but it was the noise of singers in the calf worship. ) This brought on the attack of the five confederate kings whom he defeated at Makkedah, aided by a divinely sent hailstorm and prolongation of daylight: the condition of the air was probably rendered by God, at Joshua's believing prayer, highly refractive so as to cause the sun to be seen long after its actual Descent beneath the horizon, as the fata morgana in Sicily and the arctic region; compare the recession of the sun dial shadow under Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:11)
Arabia - ...
The Himyerites had a Cushite Descent
Phoenice - The language is Semitic (from Shem), and was acquired by the Hamitic settlers in Canaan from the original Semitic occupants; it probably has a Hamitic element too (these Semitics were related by common Noachic Descent to the Hamites, hence the languages too are related)
Israel - by racial Descent
Jew, Jewess - In both references the word simply implies that the women belonged to the ancient race of Israel, without any thought of the particular tribe from which they may have claimed Descent
Ark - Abydenus, with whom all the eastern writers concur, informs us that the place of Descent from the ark was Armenia; and that its remains had been preserved for a long time
Ordination - Accordingly the bishop at the ordination of the candidate asks, "Are you called according to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the due order of this realm!" The constitution and law of England seem to know nothing of uninterrupted lineal Descent, but considers the king vested, by act of parliament, or the suffrage of the people, with a fulness of all power ecclesiastical in these realms, as empowering and authorizing bishops to ordain: and this power of ordination was once delegated to Cromwell, a layman, as vicegerent to the king
Philip - And the fact that it is expressly mentioned that Philip, like these men, belonged to Bethsaida, would seem to point to a certain amount of friendship as having already existed between them, while his Greek name (a peculiarity which among the Apostles he shared with Andrew) makes it at least possible that he himself was originally of Greek Descent
Reccared - The names of at least six shew their Gothic Descent
John the Baptist - According to the popular conviction, all Israel would have a lot and a part in the blessings of the Messianic age, and that specifically because of their Descent from Abraham. Descent from Abraham counts for nothing (Matthew 3:9). The author, however, makes the Baptist refer to the Descent of the Spirit upon Jesus in the form of a dove (John 1:32 ff
Palestine - ...
The tract, nine miles wide and 35 long, between the center and the sudden Descent to the Dead Sea, is desolate at all seasons, a series of hills without vegetation, water, and almost life, with no ruins save Masada and one or two watchtowers. The steepness of the Descent front Olivet is great, but not unparalleled; the peculiarity which is unique is that the Descent is into the bowels of the earth; one standing at the Dead Sea shore is almost as far below the ocean surface as the miner in the lowest depths of any mine
Palesti'na - Its eastern portion --a tract some nine or ten miles in width by about thirty-five in length, which intervenes between the centre and the abrupt Descent to the Dead Sea--is far more wild and desolate, and that not for a portion of the year only, but throughout it. The river is elsewhere described; [2] but it and the valley through which it rushes down its extraordinary Descent must be here briefly characterized. But though the river disappears at this point, the valley still continues its Descent below the waters of the Dead Sea till it reaches a further depth of 1308 feet
Entry Into Jerusalem - They placed Jesus on the colt ἐπεβίβασαν (ἐπεκάθισαν of Matthew 21:7 being doubtful); the exact place of the exhibition of popular enthusiasm is given, ‘even now at the Descent of the Mt. The Davidic Descent of Jesus, never refuted by His opponents, was accepted by St
Soul - (4) The Descent of Christ into Hades, and His preaching to the disobedient spirits there (1 Peter 3:18), plainly presuppose the possibility of repentance after death. See, further, Resurrection of the Dead, Eschatology, Abraham ($ ‘Abraham’s bosom’), Paradise, Hell [5]
Soul - (4) The Descent of Christ into Hades, and His preaching to the disobedient spirits there (1 Peter 3:18), plainly presuppose the possibility of repentance after death. See, further, Resurrection of the Dead, Eschatology, Abraham ($ ‘Abraham’s bosom’), Paradise, Hell [5]. ‡ [5]2 ...
See also art
Incarnation - The respective genealogies of Jesus serve as testimonies to His natural human Descent (Matthew 1:1-17 ; Luke 3:23-37 )
Fall, Fallen, Falling, Fell - ...
B — 1: πίπτω (Strong's #4098 — Verb — pipto — pip'-to, pet'-o ) "to fall," is used (a) of Descent, to "fall" down from, e
Baptism, Christian - It was not because of carnal Descent from Abraham, but as being the children of God's professing people, that this rite was administered (Romans 4:11 )
Gentiles (2) - ...
The fact that Jesus did not pass His youth in the religiously exclusive atmosphere of Jerusalem, but in the freer and more liberal surroundings of semi-Gentile Galilee, fits in with the prophetic word of Simeon at the Presentation, and the declarations of His forerunner: He was to be ‘a light to lighten the Gentiles’ (Luke 2:32); and, God was able to raise up to Abraham children (Luke 3:8) who could not boast any natural Descent from the patriarch
Mark (John) - As his Latin name and Hellenistic Descent implied, he was proficient in Greek as well as in Aramaic
Paul - This apostle was of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of pure Descent, born at Tarsus, a city of Cilicia, a fact which gave to him the privilege of Roman citizenship
Unitarians - Paul, 2 Corinthians 12, in which he supposed himself taken up into heaven, and in consequence of which he speaks of his Descent from heaven; that he exercised his ministry on earth for the space of a year or more, and then suffered death upon the cross, not to exhibit the evil of sin, or in any sense to make atonement for it, but as a martyr to the truth, and as a necessary preliminary to his resurrection, which they consider as a pledge of the resurrection of mankind
Matthew - It is certain that the Apostles, immediately after the Descent of the Holy Ghost, which took place only ten days after the ascension of our Saviour into heaven, preached the Gospel to the Jews with great success; and surely it is reasonable to suppose, that an authentic account of our Saviour's doctrines and miracles would very soon be committed to writing, for the confirmation of those who believed in his divine mission, and for the conversion of others; and, more particularly, to enable the Jews to compare the circumstances of the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus with their ancient prophecies relative to the Messiah; and we may conceive that the Apostles would be desirous of losing no time in writing an account of the miracles which Jesus performed, and of the discourses which he delivered, because the sooner such an account was published, the easier it would be to inquire into its truth and accuracy; and, consequently, when these points were satisfactorily ascertained, the greater would be its weight and authority
Gods - Hesiod has a poem under the title of Θεογονια , that is "The Generation of the Gods," in which he explains their genealogy and Descent, sets forth who was the first and principal, who next descended from him, and what issue each had: the whole making a sort of system of Heathen theology
Dead Sea - "The Descent of the beach," he says, "is so gently gradual, that I must have waded above a hundred yards to get completely out of my depth, and the impatience of the Arabians would not allow of time sufficient for this
Gospels, Apocryphal - As it now stands it gives an elaborate account of the trial of Jesus, His Descent to Hades, resurrection, and ascension. Beyond its exposition of Jesus’ Descent into Hades it contains little of doctrinal importance. ...
( n ) The Descent of Mary
Arabia - ...
Arabia Felix is inhabited by a people who claim Joktan for their father, and so trace their Descent direct from Shem, instead of Abraham and Ham. The long memory of their independence is the firmest pledge of its perpetuity; and succeeding generations are animated to prove their Descent, and to maintain their inheritance. The Arabians are the only people who have preserved their Descent, their independence, their language, and their manners and customs, from the earliest ages to the present times; and it is among them that we are to look for examples of patriarchal life and manners
Canaan - ...
The Hamitic Descent of Canaan was formerly questioned, but is now proved by the monuments. ...
The Jordan, rising in the slopes of Hermon, spreads out in the waters of Merom 126 feet above the level of the ocean; after ten miles' swift Descent it enters the sea of Chinneroth, 650 feet below the ocean
Messiah - Also it appears from several passages that Jeremiah thought rather of a succession of rulers of Davidic Descent than of a single ruler. God’s anointed king, who is not of Davidic Descent at all, but the Persian Cyrus, is the chosen instrument for accomplishing the Divine purposes with respect to His servant Jacob (Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1-4)
Family - There are even instances (not in the NT) of women holding public offices, and of Descent being reckoned through the mother (see further J. , Galatians 3:7; in Acts 7:2, Romans 4:1, and probably in James 2:21, physical Descent is referred to)
Voice (2) - His contention that the Bath Kol could not be represented as accompanying the Descent of the Holy Spirit is shown by the facts adduced above to be baseless
Philistia - of these the Descent is steep, about 500 ft
Abraham - as to the Descent of 16 Arabian tribes from Abraham and Keturah
People - For Divine righteousness and the obedience of faith, the only real and permanent, because moral, conditions on which the relations between God and His people repose, it substituted ancestral Descent from Abraham, and the observance of the national rite of circumcision
People - For Divine righteousness and the obedience of faith, the only real and permanent, because moral, conditions on which the relations between God and His people repose, it substituted ancestral Descent from Abraham, and the observance of the national rite of circumcision
Poetry of the Hebrews - Lowth thinks, to the history of God's Descent upon Mount Sinai; yet it seems more probable that the figures were taken directly from those commotions of nature with which the author was acquainted, and which suggested stronger and nobler images than those which now occur to us. " Figurative allusions, too, we frequently find to the rites and ceremonies of their religion, to the legal distinctions of things clean and unclean, to the mode of their temple service, to the dress of their priests, and to the most noted incidents recorded in their sacred history; as, to the destruction of Sodom, the Descent of God upon Mount Sinai, and the miraculous passage of the Israelites through the Red Sea
Joseph (2) - He was of Davidic Descent; and, though Mt
Abraham - ...
Dynamic though Abraham's covenant was, sheer physical Descent from the revered patriarch did not of itself guarantee an individual's salvation, as John the Baptist pointed out (Matthew 3:9 )
James, the General Epistle of - " James meets the Jews' false notion that their possession of the law, though they disobeyed it, and their Descent from Abraham and notional belief apart from obedience, would justify (an error which Paul also combats, James 2:13; compare James 1:22)
Claim - The lineage of natural Descent implies that of ethical resemblance (Matthew 23:31, John 8:39)
Confession (of Sin) - But against such an interpretation must be set the attitude of John both when Jesus first came to him (Matthew 3:14) and afterwards (John 1:29), the language of Jesus to the Baptist (Matthew 3:15), the Descent of the Spirit (Matthew 3:16), and the voice from heaven (Matthew 3:17)
Stephen - ...
The gate opening on the Descent to the valley of the Kedron is called Stephen's gate
Cerinthus, Opponent of Saint John - 119), Irenaeus has here been influenced by the later Gnostic systems, and has altered the original doctrine of Cerinthus as given in Hippolytus, that doctrine would seem to be that he considered "Jesus" and "Christ" titles given indifferently to that One Personality Which was blessed by the Descent of the Holy Spirit, the Power on high (ἡ ἄνωθεν δύναμις )
Diodorus, Presbyter of Antioch - It followed that Mary could not be properly termed the "mother of God," nor God the Word be strictly called the Son of David, that designation belonging, according to human Descent, to the temple in which the Divine Son tabernacled
Ecclesiastes - And it must not be forgotten that even Stoicism was not a purely Greek product; its founder Zeno was of Phœnician Descent, and his followers came from Syria, Cilicia Carthage, and other Hellenistic (as distinct from Hellenic) quarters
Purity (2) - Purity of Descent in Israel also involved great insistence on genealogical records
Basilides, Gnostic Sect Founder - ) on the Descent of the Minister (διάκονος ), i. That this Descent of the light was represented as taking place at the Annunciation and not merely at the Baptism is clearly implied in the express reference to the words of the angel in Luk_1:35 "A Holy Spirit shall come upon thee," which are explained to mean "that ...
[5] which passed from the sonship through the Limitary Spirit to the Ogdoad and the Hebdomad till it reached Mary" (the interpretation of the following words "And a power of the Most High shall overshadow thee," appears to be hopelessly corrupt). On the other hand when it is described as a result of the Descent of the light from the Hebdomad "upon Jesus the Son of Mary," that He "was enlightened being kindled in union with the light (συνεξαφθεὶς τῷ φωτί) that shone on Him," the allusion to the traditional light at the Baptism can hardly be questioned; more especially when we read in Clement's Excerpta (p
Marriage - The wife meets her husband on equal terms; children belong to her trine, and Descent is reckoned on the mother’s side. They make it easier to understand the existence of the primitive custom of the ‘ matriarchate ,’ or reckoning of Descent through females
Jerusalem - Zion was 100 feet higher than the temple mount, and the distance across from summit to summit was less than one-third of a mile; but the Descent to the bottom of the ravine separating the two was 100 feet on the side of the temple mount, and 200 feet on the side of Zion. Hebron, indeed, is higher still by some hundred feet, and from the south, accordingly (even from Bethlehem), the approach to Jerusalem is by a slight Descent
High Priest - ...
Responsibilities and Privileges The high priesthood was a hereditary office based on Descent from Aaron (Exodus 29:29-30 ; Leviticus 16:32 )
Ten Commandments - When these were broken by Moses on his Descent from the mount ( Exodus 32:19 , Deuteronomy 9:17 ), he was commanded to prepare two fresh stones like the first, on which God re-wrote the ‘ten words’ ( Exodus 34:4 ; Exodus 34:28 , Deuteronomy 10:2 ; Deuteronomy 10:4 )
Flesh - There flesh can denote the physical flesh (1 Corinthians 15:39 ; 2 Corinthians 12:7 ) and, by extension, the human body (Galatians 4:13-14 ), humanity as a whole (Romans 3:20 ; Galatians 2:16 ), human Descent (Romans 1:3 ; 9:3 ), and human relationships (Romans 4:1 ; 9:3-5 )
Head - Similarly, Christ speaks of His Descent into Hades, where He gathers His saints and delivers them: ‘the feet and the head he [9] let go, for they were not able to endure my face’ (xlii
Abraham - This reward, however, Christ teaches, is not confined to the Jews, the sons of Abraham according to the flesh, still less is it one to which they have any right by virtue of the mere fact of physical Descent from him; it is one that will be enjoyed by ‘many’ faithful ones from other lands, even to the exclusion of the ‘sons of the kingdom,’ if they prove themselves, like His present opponents, faithless and unworthy (Luke 13:28)
Gospel - Lastly: if he really foretold his own death and resurrection, the Descent of the Holy Ghost, its miraculous effects, the sufferings of the Apostles, the call of the Gentiles, and the destruction of Jerusalem, it necessarily follows that he spake by the authority of God himself
Abraham - This reward, however, Christ teaches, is not confined to the Jews, the sons of Abraham according to the flesh, still less is it one to which they have any right by virtue of the mere fact of physical Descent from him; it is one that will be enjoyed by ‘many’ faithful ones from other lands, even to the exclusion of the ‘sons of the kingdom,’ if they prove themselves, like His present opponents, faithless and unworthy (Luke 13:28)
Pride (2) - He tried to make them realize from their own Scriptures the futility of their reliance on Descent, by referring to the favour shown Naaman the Syrian and the widow of Zarephath (Luke 4:25 ff
Head - Similarly, Christ speaks of His Descent into Hades, where He gathers His saints and delivers them: ‘the feet and the head he [9] let go, for they were not able to endure my face’ (xlii
Jerusalem - The Descent is extraordinary; Jericho, 13 miles off, is 3,624 ft. lower; the Descent thence to the valley, the Bir Ayub, is 450 ft
Herod - Of Idumean Descent (Josephus, Deuteronomy 17:15, on which the Jews exclaimed, "Be not distressed, thou art our brother," namely, by half-descent from the Hasmonaeans
Physician - , son of Herakleides, his Descent was traced on his father’s side from Asklepios, on his mother’s from Herakles. ), and, further, if Luke was a Greek either of Antioch or of Antiochian Descent, he may have had such training as was characteristic of Asia Minor at that time
Benjamin - Hence, arises the correspondence in the main between the list given in connection with Jacob's Descent to Egypt in Genesis 46, and the list taken by Moses ages afterward in Numbers 26
Jacob - ...
Descent to Egypt When severe famine gripped Canaan, Jacob and his sons set out for Egypt
Israel, Israelite - ‘Jew’ (Ἰουδαῖος) implies national Descent; originally used for those who were members of the tribe of Judah, and lived in the country of Judah, it became a wider term, after the return from Babylon, for all who were members of the Hebrew race
Nahum - It is made in the Targum a kind of patronymic, recording the assumed Descent of the prophet from an unknown ancestor Koshi It is more likely to preserve the name of the prophet’s birthplace or place of residence, of which the identification is still lacking
Apocrypha - The Gospel of Nicodemus (also called the Acts of Pilate), provides a detailed account of Jesus' trial and Descent into hell
House - Known to man as early at least as Cain; the tent not until Jabal, the fifth in Descent from Cain (Genesis 4:7; Genesis 4:17; Genesis 4:20)
Unity - This unity is categorically affirmed (Acts 17:26); historically it has its source in Descent from one common primal ancestor (Romans 5:14-19, 1 Corinthians 15:22; 1 Corinthians 15:47), but ultimately in the fact that man as man is the image and offspring of God (Acts 17:28-29)
King, Christ as - The genealogies of Matthew 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38 confirm Jesus' human Descent from David, a prominent motif in Matthew
the Angel of the Church in Thyatira - Only the very greatest and very grandest of the classical tragedies ever dared to introduce and endure the Descent and the intervention of a god
no'ah - (rest ), the tenth in Descent from Adam, in the line of Seth was the son of Lamech and grandson of Methuselah
Swedenborgians - On the subject of the redemption wrought by this incarnate God, it is lastly taught that it consisted not in the vicarious sacrifice of Christ, but in the real subjugation of the powers of darkness and their removal from man, by continual combats and victories over them, during his abode in the world; and in the consequent Descent to man of divine power and life, which was brought near to him in the thus glorified humanity of this victorious God
Isaiah - Concerning his family and Descent, nothing certain has been recorded, except what he himself tells us, Isaiah 50:1 , namely, that he was the son of Amos, and discharged the prophetic office "in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah," who successively flourished between A
Patriarchs, the - ...
The line of Descent by which the covenant was to be perpetuated consisted solely of Abraham's son Isaac; through him the covenant promises were continued
Phoenicia, phNicians - It is probably because of this long Egyptian vassalage that Genesis 10:15 traces the Descent of Sidon from Ham
no'ah - (rest ), the tenth in Descent from Adam, in the line of Seth was the son of Lamech and grandson of Methuselah
Judgment Damnation - Not a few early Christian writers speak of a Descent of Christ into Hades and a preaching to the dead. See, further, article Descent into Hades
Virgin Birth - This consideration will help to explain the fact that both genealogies trace the Davidic Descent of Jesus through Joseph (not through Mary). The striking feature about it is that it traces the Descent of Jesus right up to Adam (the son) of God
Hebrews Epistle to the - It is royal, righteous, peace-bringing, personal, dependent not on lineal Descent, but on the inherent fitness of the priest; it is eternal. For the members of that order held office by virtue of mere physical Descent (Hebrews 7:16); their ministry could call sins to mind but could not cleanse them (Hebrews 10:1-3); they could not unite the people to God-even into the earthly symbol of His presence the high priest himself could enter only once a year alone (Hebrews 9:7); lastly, the Aaronic priests were mortal-their work was confined to one generation (Hebrews 7:23)
Matthew, Gospel According to - Christ was born of a virgin, but He was legally of Davidic Descent, and the Virgin Mary’s marvellous history already found prototypes by contrast in the history of women connected with the ancestors of the Christ. They are a ‘brood of vipers,’ who pride themselves on their Descent from Abraham
David - They take pains to point to his Descent from David (Matthew 1:1,6,17 )
Mary, the Virgin - Thus the genealogy of the inheritance or succession to David's throne (Matthew's) and that of natural Descent (Luke's) would be primarily Joseph's, then Mary's also (Psalms 132:11; Luke 1:32; Romans 1:3)
Revelation of God - These people of God are the children of Abraham, whether by natural ( Genesis 12:1-3 ) or spiritual Descent (Galatians 3:16 ,Galatians 3:16,3:29 )
Heart - He avowed that a scorned publican like Zacchaeus, who was outside the pale of ecclesiastical recognition, was more truly a son of Abraham, in virtue of the higher dispositions which had been stirred in his heart, and which placed him in the line of moral and spiritual Descent (Luke 19:9)
Hermogenes (1), a Teacher of Heretical Doctrine - " There are indications that the work to which Tertullian replies was in Latin, and every reason to think that Hermogenes (though probably, as his name indicates, of Greek Descent) was then living in Carthage, for Tertullian assails his private character, entering into details in a way which would not be intelligible unless both were inhabitants of the same city
Calling - On this passage we may remark, that the "calling" and the "purpose" mentioned in it, must of necessity be interpreted to refer to the establishment of the church on the principle of faith, so that it might include men of all nations; and not, as formerly, be restricted to natural Descent
Ammonites - " While the Jews, who were long their hereditary enemies, continue as distinct a people as ever, though dispersed among all nations, no trace of the Ammonites remains; none are now designated by their name, nor do any claim Descent from them
Peter - Peter made his confession in answer to a question which Jesus put to all the Apostles, that confession was certainly made in the name of the whole; and, therefore, what Jesus said to him in reply was designed for the whole without distinction; excepting this, which was peculiar to him, that he was to be the first who, after the Descent of the Holy Ghost, should preach the Gospel to the Jews, and then to the Gentiles: an honour which was conferred on St
Baptism - -so also βάπτισμα) and of the Descent of the Holy Ghost at Pentecost (Acts 1:5; Acts 11:16, see below, 6), or else of baptism and of Jewish ablations
Heart - He avowed that a scorned publican like Zacchaeus, who was outside the pale of ecclesiastical recognition, was more truly a son of Abraham, in virtue of the higher dispositions which had been stirred in his heart, and which placed him in the line of moral and spiritual Descent (Luke 19:9)
Samaria, Samaritans - —Although the Samaritans claim Descent from the patriarchs (John 4:12), and present us with an unbroken history, and although it is to some extent true that they represent the spirit of the tribe of Ephraim (Renan, Lang. 5); but, on the contrary, when good fortune befalls the Jews, they claim to belong to that race, and to derive their Descent from Joseph (ib
Holy Spirit (2) - ...
Critics have suggested that the curiously indirect way in which the baptism of Jesus and the Descent of the Spirit are mentioned in Luke 3:21 f. is due to the writer’s desire to slur over something which is really inconsistent with his account of Jesus’ birth; but even if Luke had difficulty in adjusting these two things, as the Fourth Evangelist may have had difficulty in adjusting the incarnation of the Eternal Logos in Jesus with the Descent of the Spirit upon Him in manhood, it is clear that for both the baptism was so securely fixed in the Gospel testimony that they had no alternative but to set it unambiguously down (cf
Corinth - An emissary from Judaea, arrogantly assuming Christ's own title "he that cometh" (Matthew 11:3), headed the party (2 Corinthians 11:4); he bore "epistles of commendation" (2 Corinthians 3:1), and boasted of pure Hebrew Descent, and close connection with Christ Himself (2 Corinthians 11:13; 2 Corinthians 11:22-23)
Rome And the Roman Empire - Marcus Aurelius, a later emperor of Spanish Descent (A
Baptism - Christian baptism, although it finds a formal analogy in the baptism of John, which in its turn represents a spiritualizing of ancient Jewish ideas of lustration, appears as in its essential character a new thing after the Descent of the Holy Spirit
Thessalonians, First And Second, Theology of - Only the warning is given to be prepared for the "descent" of the Lord at a time to be signaled by God (described as the trumpet call, 4:16; and coming unexpectedly as at night or at pregnancy reaching term, 5:2-3)
Abraham - Progenitor of the Hebrew, Arabs, Edomites, and kindred tribes; the ninth in Descent from Shem, through Heber
Apocrypha, New Testament - The Gospel of Nicodemus also includes a vivid account of Jesus' “Descent into Hell,” much like that of a Greek hero invading the underworld to defy its authorities or rescue its prisoners
Baptism - ...
In some cases the palpable Descent of the Spirit was before, in others after, the baptism, and
Sympathy - His heart went out particularly to those who were in any spiritual need, and the conversation with the woman of Samaria shows how the ‘doctrine of mankind’ rose superior to the superficial cleavages of race, Descent, occupation, or even character, and pronounced them all of small account in comparison with that which is common to all humanity—a soul
Jews, Judaism - All who were of foreign Descent were excluded from Israel (Nehemiah 13:3 ), including wives and children (Ezra 10 )
Metaphors - He, too, is responsible for the injunction ‘Make for yourselves purses which wax not old’ (Luke 12:33), and for the attractive Orientalism ‘son of peace’ (Luke 10:6) added to Matthew 10:13, and for the less commendable addition that the Descent of the Spirit at the baptism of Jesus, which Mk
Pentateuch - The historical facts of the Pentateuch are alluded to: Jacob's Descent to Egypt, Israel's deliverance by Moses and Aaron (1 Samuel 12:8); the Egyptian plagues (1 Samuel 4:8; 1 Samuel 8:8); the Kenites' kindness (1 Samuel 15:6)
Simon Magus - They have in common the place in the work of creation assigned to the female principle, the conception of the Deity; the ignorance of the rulers of this lower world with regard to the Supreme Power; the Descent of the female ( Sophia ) into the lower regions, and her inability to return
Revelation - ‘There is no steeper Descent in history than that which directly follows the Apostolic age
Humiliation of Christ - His incarnation was but the first stage in His humiliation, which continued by a deepening Descent to the very end of His earthly life
Baptism - -so also βάπτισμα) and of the Descent of the Holy Ghost at Pentecost (Acts 1:5; Acts 11:16, see below, 6), or else of baptism and of Jewish ablations
Heresy - The succession from the highest deities down to the lowest is not by a sudden Descent, but by a continually graduating decrease from the highest, pure, and spiritual natures, down to those which are more substantial and material, which are the nearest related to the gross matter of the creation, and which consequently possess the property of acting upon it
Peter (2) - The explanation of the Descent of the tongues of flame at Pentecost is given by him (Acts 2:14 ff
Matthew, the Gospel According to - The genealogy was necessary in a Gospel for Jews, to show that Jesus' claim to Messiahship accorded with His Descent through king David from Abraham, to both of whom the promise of Messiah was given; while its insertion is proof of early date
Church - The Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples at Pentecost, fulfilling as it did the expectation of a baptism of fire that was to accompany the establishment of the Kingdom ( Acts 1:5 ; Acts 2:3-4 , Matthew 3:11 ), connects the Church with the Kingdom, and the scattering of its members after Stephen’s death ( Acts 8:1 ) would begin to familiarize the disciples with the idea of the unity in Christ unbroken by local separation (cf
Maccabees - 167 166), a citizen of Modin, and of priestly Descent
Tribes of Israel, the - Social and political groups in Israel claiming Descent from one of the twelve sons of Jacob
Canaan, History And Religion of - Genesis 10:15-20 clarifies the implications of this Hamitic Descent in the sons of Canaan: Sidon, Heth, the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgasites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Si-nites, the Arvadites, and Zemarites, and the Hamathites
Jerusalem - Sheshbazzar, a prince of Davidic Descent, led the first group of exiles back in 538 b
Influence - the effect of the Descent of the Holy Ghost at His Baptism
Joseph - Every Jew kept a record of his lineage, and was very proud if he could claim royal or priestly Descent; and Joseph could boast himself ‘a son of David’ ( Matthew 1:20 )
Begetting - ’ The same idea of the relation between the Divine Descent of Christ, the Only-begotten of the Father, and the sonship of believers, is noted and emphasized in the First Epistle of John (in which the teaching of John’s Gospel on this subject is worked out in greater detail), as when we read, ‘If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him’ (1 John 2:29); and again, ‘Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God’ (1 John 3:9)
Priest - , 61) writes: "Christ's origin from David is distributed into two families, a kingly and a priestly; Matthew descending traces the kingly, Luke ascending the priestly, family; so that our Lord Jesus, our King and Priest, drew kindred from a priestly stock (he supposes Nathan married a wife of Aaronic Descent), yet was not of the priest tribe
Alpha And Omega (2) - 1) maintained that Christ designated Himself Α Ω to set forth His own Descent as the Holy Ghost on Jesus at His baptism, because by Gematria Α Ω (= 800 +1) and περιστερά (= 80+5+100+10+200+300+5+100+1) are equivalent
Circumcision - Circumcision was practised among them all by virtue of its divine institution at first; and was extended to their foreign servants, and to proselytes, as well as to their children; and wherever the sign of the covenant of grace was by divine appointment, there it was a seal of that covenant, to all who believingly used it; for we read of no restriction of its spiritual blessings, that is, its saving engagements, to one line of Descent from Abraham only
Christ, Christology - The first Christological statement therefore was based on the fact of two stages in Jesus' existence: He was the Son of David in His human Descent, and since the resurrection He is known as the Son of God with power and alive in the Spirit (Romans 1:3-4 )
Jesus Christ - God then showed, through the Descent of the Spirit in the form of a dove upon Jesus, that he had equipped him for this task (Matthew 3:13-17; Acts 10:38; see BAPTISM; HOLY SPIRIT)
Gods, Pagan - A myth ells of Tammuz' betrayal by Ishtar, his subsequent death, and Descent into the underworld
Faith - By means of the ministries of Peter and Paul, Luke paints a vivid picture of the internal and external struggles of the Christian community as both the synagogue and the Jerusalem church resist breaking from the strict keeping of the law and the limitations of racial Descent to acknowledge the claim that salvation is by faith in Jesus Christ alone (4:12; 15:14)
Galatians, Epistle to the - They press the argument that he would not have called men of the four cities by the name ‘Galatians,’ as these lay outside Galatia proper, and that ‘Galatians’ must mean men who are Gauls by blood and Descent; also that ‘by writers speaking familiarly of the scenes in which they had themselves taken part’ popular usage rather than official is probable, and therefore to call the Christian communities in the four cities ‘the churches of Galatia’ would be as unnatural as to speak of Pesth or (before the Italo-Austrian war) Venice as ‘the Austrian cities’ (Lightfoot, Gal
Ascension - ...
The Ascension is implied by the expected return or ‘descent’ of our Lord, 1 Thessalonians 4:16 (καταβήσεται), a return called a ‘revelation’ (ἀποκάλυψις) of the Lord Jesus in 2 Thessalonians 1:7, 1 Corinthians 1:7
Jesuits - One of them in India produced a pedigree to prove his own Descent from Brama; and another in America assured a native chief that Christ had been a valiant and victorious warrior, who, in the space of three years, had scalped an incredible number of men, women, and children
High Priest - As the priests' geneaology had to be traced, so Christ's divine sonship and human Descent from David
Redemption (2) - ), its acknowledgment of Him as ‘the Son of God,’ and the Descent upon Him of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-22, John 1:31-34); and the Synoptics relate His Temptation, in which false ideals of Messiahship were rejected, and His true vocation was definitely grasped and chosen (Matthew 4:1-11 ||)
Vespasian - There were serious disturbances in Germany and Gaul, in which Julius Civilis, a man of noble Descent among the Batavi, played a prominent part
Transfiguration (2) - ‘about eight days’ (John 9:28), and the Descent from the hill ‘the next day’ (John 9:37)
Holy Spirit - All four evangelists use simile in describing the Descent like a dove (Matthew 3:16 ; Mark 1:10 ; Luke 3:22 ; John 1:32 ); what was literally seen remains unknown
Gospels - ...
Matthew selects facts suitable for Jews, the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy in Jesus' Descent from Abraham and David and His legal title to Solomon's throne
Bethlehem - above sea-level, and falls away in terraced slopes on all sides, the Descent to the north and east being specially steep
Fall (2) - Born into the world in the line of human Descent, sharing human nature otherwise in its fulness, how was Jesus alone unaffected by the common heritage of sin?...
The full answer to this question lies hidden in the mystery of the Incarnation; but an indication of the line in which the solution lies is given in the great fact of the Virgin Birth of our lord
Jesus Christ - Though of heavenly Descent, he shows obedience and affection to his earthly parents; he approves, loves, and attaches himself to amiable qualities in the human race; he respects authority, religious and civil; and he evidences regard for his country, by promoting its most essential good in a painful ministry dedicated to its service, by deploring its calamities, and by laying down his life for its benefit
Philippians Epistle to the - He was of true Hebrew Descent-circumcised on the eighth day, of the race of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews, as regards the Law a Pharisee, as regards zeal persecuting the Church, with a clean record as far as Law-righteousness went
Consciousness - It is also noteworthy that the Descent of the Spirit and the voice from heaven are stated by St
Fire - (α) in 2 Peter 3:10-121 one of the two outward manifestations attending the Descent of the Spirit on the disciples seated in the upper room is compared with fire
Jesus Christ - " Jesus received His solemn consecration to His redeeming work by John's baptism with water (to which He came not, as all others, confessing sin, but undertaking to "fulfill all righteousness") and at the same time by the Holy Spirit's Descent permanently, accompanied by the Father's acceptance of Him as our Redeemer, "this is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased," namely, as undertaking to become man's Saviour
Parousia - ...
(c) Descent of Christ into the air, with shout, trump, etc
Old Testament - ), and finds in the Deuteronomist’s great thought of the nearness of the Law suggestions of Christ’s Descent to earth and His rising from the dead (Romans 10:6 ff
Fire - (α) in Acts 2:3 one of the two outward manifestations attending the Descent of the Spirit on the disciples seated in the upper room is compared with fire
Moses - On his last Descent from Sinai "his face shone"; and he put on a veil as the people "could not steadfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away," a type of the transitory dispensation which he represented, in contrast to the abiding Christian dispensation (Exodus 34:30; Exodus 34:38; 2 Corinthians 3:13-14; Psalms 91:3-10; 2 Corinthians 3:11)
Sanhedrin - ]'>[10] 28) was claimed for Hillel, the ancestor believed to be of Davidic Descent (Jos
Jesus Christ - Divine confirmation came from heaven with the voice of God and the Descent of the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove (Matthew 3:16-17 )
Sin - Paul regarded all men as involved In Adam’s guilt, either because of their physical Descent from him or of any federal relation to him, even although all men are subject to the penalty of death
Logos - ...
The Logos of Philo requires to be understood in the light of this double Descent from Greek and OT thought
Son of God - The kingship of a king, for example, may be, first, official, he being actually the reigning monarch; secondly, personal, he possessing the ethical qualities which become and secure his position; thirdly, physical or metaphysical, because he is of the blood royal, and has in his composition the hereditary instincts of long Descent
Greek Versions of ot - ]'>[1] have descended; but the intricacies of the Descent are indescribably great
Apocalypse - The Blessed Consummation, including the coming of God to dwell with men and the Descent of the Heavenly Jerusalem, chs
Pentecost - )...
Too much, indeed, may be made of such expressions as ‘coming,’ or ‘descent,’ of the Holy Spirit, as characterizing this day
Abram - The separation of Abraham and Lot still farther secured the unmingled Descent of the Abrahamitic family
John, the Gospel by - " This must not be confounded with Acts 2 , in which the Descent of the Holy Ghost is connected more with power
Personality - It was associated with that enhancing of His self-consciousness which was represented by the Descent of the Spirit as that of a dove, and the hearing of a voice, ‘Thou art my beloved Son’ (Mark 1:10)
Pentecost - )...
Too much, indeed, may be made of such expressions as ‘coming,’ or ‘descent,’ of the Holy Spirit, as characterizing this day
Romans, Epistle to the - The promise was not the necessary privilege of natural Descent
Sea of Galilee - There have been rains, however, on the high lands only a few hours distant, and these, forming themselves into mountain torrents, have come down, sweeping all before them (Matthew 7:27, Luke 6:49) in their Descent, and flooding what but a few minutes earlier had been a dry channel
Egypt - The genealogies in Genesis 10 concern races, not mere Descent of persons; hence, the plural forms, Madai, Kittim, etc
Israel - ’ The tribes of Manasseh, Ephraim, and Benjamin traced their Descent from Rachel
John Epistles of - Descent from Abraham, or possession of the ‘pneumatic’ seed, is clearly part of their ethical creed
Fall - ) Though he rejects the realistic explanation in any form, either as already mentioned or as presented in Augustine’s theory ‘which makes human nature a certain quantum of being and treats Descent from Adam as a division of this mass of human nature into parts’ (Stevens, The Pauline Theology, 1892, p
Messiah - The father of Joseph, as mentioned by Luke, seems to have been his father by marriage only; so that it was, in reality, Mary's pedigree that is traced by Luke, though under her husband's name; and this being the natural line of Descent, and that of Matthew the legal one, by which, as a king he would have inherited the crown, there is no inconsistency between them
New Jerusalem - The heavenly Jerusalem in 4 Ezra is described as ‘the city that now is invisible’ (7:26), ‘a City builded’ (8:52, 10:27), ‘the [2] pattern of her [3]’ (10:49); its Descent from heaven is mentioned in 13:36: ‘And Zion shall come and shall be made manifest to all men, prepared and builded, even as thou didst see the mountain cut out without hands,’ while its preservation in heaven is referred to in 2 Bar
Valentinus, Founder of a Gnostic Sect - The whole scale then is a Descent from the perfect to ever more and more imperfect images; according to the principle expressly laid down by Valentinus, that the cosmos is as inferior to the living Aeon as the image is inferior to the living countenance (ap
Victorinus Afer - All the history of the soul in its Descent into matter, and its recovery therefrom through the Incarnate Christ, is only the development of the idea of the soul which pre-existed eternally, individually, and substantially in the Mind and Will of God
John, Gospel of (ii. Contents) - ), following the miracle of the 5000, and does not wish the truth of the mystical union to be bound up too closely with the participation in an ecclesiastical rite; he omits the Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, and the cry, ‘Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani,’ because the impression which he wishes to convey of the complete voluntariness of Christ’s sufferings and death, and of the ‘glory’ which was manifested by His humiliation as well as by His triumph over death, might be impaired by incidents which seem to indicate human weakness and hesitation; and, lastly, he omits the Ascension and the Descent of the Paraclete, because he does not wish the withdrawal of Christ’s bodily presence, and the continuation of the Incarnation in another more spiritual form, to be associated with physical portents, or to be assigned to particular days
Enoch Book of - Jerusalem (2) - The Lower City seems to have extended up the Tyropœon Valley at least to the first wall, and hence the Descent by steps from one of the W
Basilius, Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia - His parents were members of noble and wealthy families, and Christians by Descent
Confession - Toward the end of that century, Rufinus wrote a commentary on it, which is still extant, in which he acknowledges that the clause respecting Christ's Descent into hell was not admitted into the creeds either of the western or the eastern churches
Jesus Christ - Though of heavenly Descent, he shows obedience and affection to his earthly parents
Julianus, Flavius Claudius, Emperor - He had a turn for philosophy, and could discourse eagerly, in the modern neo-Platonic fashion, about the Descent and the ascent of souls
Marcion, a 2nd Century Heretic - Marcion like the orthodox taught that the death of our Lord was followed by a "descent into hell"; but Irenaeus tells us that he taught that there Cain the people of Sodom and others condemned in O