What does Decrees mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
δόγμασιν doctrine 1
δόγματα doctrine 1
δογμάτων doctrine 1
δογματίζεσθε to decree 1
חִקְקֵי־ decree 1

Definitions Related to Decrees

H2711


   1 decree, resolve, statute, action prescribed.
   

G1378


   1 doctrine, decree, ordinance.
      1a of public Decrees.
      1b of the Roman Senate.
      1c of rulers.
   2 the rules and requirements of the law of Moses; carrying a suggestion of severity and of threatened judgment.
   3 of certain Decrees of the apostles relative to right living.
   

G1379


   1 to decree, command, enjoin, lay down an ordinance.
   

Frequency of Decrees (original languages)

Frequency of Decrees (English)

Dictionary

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Decrees of Roman Congregations
Many of the decrees and resolutions of the Roman Congregations have been published in various collections. Some of the collections are sanctioned by papal authority, the Congregations have vouched for the genuineness of others, while some have received no official recognition. Through the official bulletin of the Holy See, Acta Apostolicae Sedis, the important acts are published bi-monthly. Catholic periodicals in various countries also publish them with more or less completeness: e.g., The American Ecclesiastical Review; The Homiletic and Pastoral Review; The Irish Eeclesiastical Record.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Decrees of Roman Pontiffs And Congregations
These are largely legislative enactments, the former found in papal Constitutions, Apostolic letters, Apostolic epistles, and Motu Proprios; the latter in the decrees proper of the respective Congregations. The word decree is also used by the Church today in a non-legislative sense. Hence the Code on the one hand speaks of the decrees of general councils, of national and provincial councils, and even diocesan synods; on the other hand, of judicial and non-judicial decrees. Judicial decrees are all the rulings of an ecclesiastical court not comprised in incidental and final decisions. Non-judicial decrees vary from the regulations made in an episcopal visitation to the formal acts removing or transferring a pastor for the greater good of souls. The Roman Congregations, too, issue non-legislative decrees. For instance, the preliminary determinations in a process of canonization are made through decrees by the Congregations of Rites, the pope ratifying; so also are books condemned oy the Holy Office. But the Congregations now refrain from using the term decree when answering a query and designate the responses given either all dubia or declarationes.
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Decrees
Decrees issued by rulers, written commands having the effect of law, and the metaphor of God as King of the world provide the imagery behind the Bible's references to God's "decrees."
Terms translated "decree" in Hebrew and/or Aramaic include dat [1] (a loanword from Persian) used in Daniel, Ezra, and Esther for decrees of God and human (especially Persian) monarchs, taam [2] for the orders of high officials including kings, hoq/huqqaa [3] used especially of God's laws, esar [4] (lit. "something binding"), and gezeraa [5] ("something decided"); and in Greek dogma [6] ("a [7] decree, decision"). The idea of "decree" may be present even where a specific technical term for "decree" does not occur.
God and Human Decrees . Even in decrees by human monarchs God shows his own decrees or purposes to be sovereign.
In Exodus 7-14 God shows his decrees to be sovereign over Pharaoh's by "hardening" Pharaoh's heart. This "hardening" involves the creation of an irrational mind-set. Despite the miraculous plagues, Pharaoh refuses to do the reasonable thing (decreeing Israel's release from bondage), thereby bringing further disaster on himself and his land. In the early stages of the story Pharaoh appears to be a free agent, hardening his own heart (Exodus 8:15 ), but as the story develops God is increasingly portrayed as the direct cause of Pharaoh's stupidity. Pharaoh is ultimately reduced to a mere puppet of Yahweh (Exodus 14:4,8 ).
The decrees of Cyrus (Ezra 5:13-15 ; 6:3-5 ; 1:2-4 ) to allow the Jews to return from Babylonian exile and rebuild Jerusalem was prophesied beforehand (Isaiah 44:26-45:4,13 ) and providentially prompted by God, who "stirred up" Cyrus's spirit to issue it (2 Chronicles 36:22 ; Ezra 1:1 ). Nonetheless, Ezra-Nehemiah sees a cooperation of heaven and earth in which human initiative (via Zerubbabel, Joshua, Ezra, and Nehemiah) and divine control are both prominent. Hence, the rebuilding of Jerusalem is said to be both "by the command of God" and "by the decrees" of several Persian monarchs (Ezra 7:13 ).
God delivers Daniel and his friends from various human decrees—one by Nebuchadnezzar to kill the sages of Babylon (Daniel 2:13 ), another to cremate anyone not worshiping the image of Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 3:10-11 ), a third "immutable" decree to cast to lions anyone praying to a god or person besides Darius the Mede (Daniel 6:7-9 ). Providence reverses Ahasuerus/Xerxes' decree to exterminate the Jews (Esther 3:7-15 ) so that the enemies of the Jews are destroyed by royal decree instead (Esther 8:8-9:16 ). The decree of Caesar Augustus for a census (Luke 2:1 ) is providentially used to ensure the fulfillment of the prophecy that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2 ; cf. Matthew 2:4-6 ).
God's Decrees and the Law . The terms hoq/huqqaa [ Isaiah 10:1 "Woe to those who decree iniquitous decrees" ). Use of hoq/huqqaa [ Deuteronomy 4:1,5-6,8 ).
Colossians 2:14 (cf. Ephesians 2:15 ) states that Christ by the cross canceled the certificate of debt consisting of "decrees" (NASB; Gk. dogmata [6]) against us. Evidently this is in reference to God's laws that we have violated and which, apart from the cross, condemn us.
Prophetic Decrees . Predictive prophecies resemble decrees by God determining the course of history: "The Son of Man will go as it has been decreed (lit. " written" )" in the prophets ( Luke 22:22 ; cf. Matthew 26:53-54,56 ). God decrees Ahab's doom (1 Kings 22:23 ) and destruction on Israel (Isaiah 10:23 ); "Seventy sevens'" (often understood as "weeks of years") have been decreed for the history of Daniel's people (Daniel 9:24 ). The scroll sealed with seven seals in Revelation 5:1 perhaps represents a divine decree determining the destiny of the world.
Sometimes predictive "decrees" can be abrogated, repentance averting punishment and disobedience annulling blessing (Jeremiah 18:7-10 ; Jonah 3:10 ). Hence, despite the "decree" of the destruction, Zephaniah can call the people to seek God "before the decree takes effect Perhaps you will be hidden in the day of the Lord's anger" (2:1-3 NASB).
Political and Cosmic Order . Poetic texts describe God's decrees as having established political and cosmic order.
Psalm 2 , an enthronement psalm, states that it was by the Lord's decree (hoq [2] with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead, " may well allude to the "decree" of Psalm 2:7 .
The psalmist describes God's gift of the land as a decree (Psalm 105:10 ). Job felt his suffering was by divine decree (Job 23:14 ). Lamentations 3:37 states that all things, good or bad, have been decreed by God. God gave a lasting decree that fixed heavenly bodies in their places ( Psalm 148:3-6 ).
God's Decrees and Election . Calvin understood God's choosing us in Christ before creation and predestinating us to adoption "in accord with his pleasure and will" (Ephesians 1:3-5 ) as an immutable, divine decree.
Church Decrees . Paul and Timothy disseminated the Jerusalem church's decrees (the decision of Acts 15 ), presumably providentially guided, concerning relations between Jewish and Gentile Christians (Acts 16:4 ). Paul in his epistles never utilized this decree of Acts 15 as church "law, " however, even where he could have. Ultimately in the postapostolic church this term for decree ( dogma [6]) comes to refer to authoritative teachings of church councils.
Joel M. Sprinkle
See also Command, Commandment ; Law ; Predestination ; Requirement
Bibliography . M. Black, Romans ; J. Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion ; D. J. Clines, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther ; H. H. Esser, NIDNTT, 1:330-31; D. M. Gunn, Art and Meaning: Rhetoric in Biblical Literature, pp. 72-96; H. Ringgren, TDOT, 5:141-42; G. Schrenk, TDNT, 1:619.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Decrees of God
"The decrees of God are his eternal, unchangeable, holy, wise, and sovereign purpose, comprehending at once all things that ever were or will be in their causes, conditions, successions, and relations, and determining their certain futurition. The several contents of this one eternal purpose are, because of the limitation of our faculties, necessarily conceived of by us in partial aspects, and in logical relations, and are therefore styled Decrees." The decree being the act of an infinite, absolute, eternal, unchangeable, and sovereign Person, comprehending a plan including all his works of all kinds, great and small, from the beginning of creation to an unending eternity; ends as well as means, causes as well as effects, conditions and instrumentalities as well as the events which depend upon them, must be incomprehensible by the finite intellect of man. The decrees are eternal (Acts 15:18 ; Ephesians 1:4 ; 2 th 2:13 ), unchangeable (Psalm 33:11 ; Isaiah 46:9 ), and comprehend all things that come to pass (Ephesians 1:11 ; Matthew 10:29,30 ; Ephesians 2:10 ; Acts 2:23 ; 4:27,28 ; Psalm 17:13,14 ). The decrees of God are (1) efficacious, as they respect those events he has determined to bring about by his own immediate agency; or (2) permissive, as they respect those events he has determined that free agents shall be permitted by him to effect.
This doctrine ought to produce in our minds "humility, in view of the infinite greatness and sovereignty of God, and of the dependence of man; confidence and implicit reliance upon wisdom, rightenousness, goodness, and immutability of God's purpose."
Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Decrees of God
Are his settled purposes, whereby he foreordains whatsoever comes to pass, Daniel 4:24 . Acts 15:18 . Ephesians 1:11 . This doctrine is the subject of one of the most perplexing controversies that has occurred among mankind; it is not, however, as some think, a novel doctrine. The opinion, that whatever occurs in the world at large, or in the lot of private individuals, is the result of a previous and unalterable arrangement by that Supreme Power which presides over Nature, has always been held by many of the vulgar, and has been believed by speculative men. The ancient stoics, Zeno and Chrysippus, whom the Jewish Essenes seem to have followed, asserted the existence of a Deity, that, acting wisely but necessarily, contrived the general system of the world; from which, by a series of causes, whatever is now done in it unavoidable results. Mahomet introduced into his Kiran the doctrine of absolute predestination of the course of human affairs. He represented life and death, prosperity and adversity, and every event that befalls a man in this world, as the result of a previous determination of the one God who rules over all.
Augustine and the whole of the earliest reformers, but especially Calvin, favoured this doctrine. It was generally asserted, and publicly owned, in most of the confessions of faith of the reformed churches, and particularly in the church of England; and to this, we may add, that it was maintained by a great number of divines in the last two centuries. As to the nature of these decrees, it must be observed that they are not the result of deliberation, or the Almighty's debating matters within himself, reasoning in his own mind about the expediency or inexpediency of things, as creatures do; nor are they merely ideas of things future, but settled determinations founded on his sovereign will and pleasure, Isaiah 40:14 . They are to be considered as eternal: this is evident; for if God be eternal, consequently his purposes must be of equal duration with himself: to suppose otherwise, would be to suppose that there was a time when he was undetermined and mutable; whereas no new determinations or after thoughts can arise in his mind, Job 23:13 ; Job 14:1-22 :
2. They are free, without any compulsion, and not excited by any motive out of himself, Romans 9:15 .
3. They are infinitely wise, displaying his glory, and promoting the general good, Romans 11:33 .
4. They are immutable, for this is the result of his being infinitely perfect; for if there were the least change in God's understanding, it would be an instance of imperfection, Malachi 3:6 .
5. They are extensive or universal, relating to all creatures and things in heaven, earth, and hell, Ephesians 1:11 .Proverbs 16:4 .
6. They are secret, or at least cannot be known till he be pleased to discover them. It is therefore presumption for any to attempt to enter into or judge of what he has not revealed, Deuteronomy 29:29 . Nor is an unknown or supposed decree at any time to be the rule of our conduct. His revealed will alone, must be considered as the rule by which we are to judge of the event of things, as well as of our conduct at large, Romans 11:34 .
7. Lastly, they are effectual; for as he is infinitely wise to plan, so he is infinitely powerful to perform: his counsel shall stand, and he will do all his pleasure, Isaiah 46:10 . This doctrine should teach us,
1. Admiration. "He is the rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are judgment; a God of truth, and without iniquity; just and right is he, " Deuteronomy 32:4 .
2. Reverence. "Who would not fear thee, O King of nations? for to thee doth it appertain, " Jeremiah 10:7 .
3. Humility. "O the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God!
how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!" Romans 11:33 .
4. Submission. "For he doeth according to his will in the armies of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?" Daniel 4:35 .
5. Desire for heaven. "What I do, thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter, " John 13:7 .
See NECESSITY, PREDESTINATION. Decrees of Councils are the laws made by them to regulate the doctrine and policy of the Church. Thus the acts of the Christian council at Jerusalem are called, Acts 16:4 .
CARM Theological Dictionary - Decrees, of God
The Decrees of God is His eternal purpose, according to His will, whereby He has foreordained whatever comes to pass. His Decrees do not negate the responsibility of people for their sins nor does it mean that God is responsible for sin. But, it necessarily is true that God knows all things actual as well as potential, and that that which exists, exists due to His creative effort. It also follows that God has eternally known all events that have occurred, are occurring, and will occur in this creation including the fall, redemption, glorification, etc. Yet, God is not the one responsible for the sin in the world but has decreed, by His permission, that it be allowed to exist. Isaiah 46:9-10 says, "Remember the former things long past, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me, 10Declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things which have not been done, saying, ‘My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all My good pleasure."
God's efficacious decrees are those decrees which God has purposed and determined to occur, Acts 2:23 "this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death." God's permissive decrees are those decrees where He permits things to occur such as evil.
1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Roman Congregations, Decrees of
Many of the decrees and resolutions of the Roman Congregations have been published in various collections. Some of the collections are sanctioned by papal authority, the Congregations have vouched for the genuineness of others, while some have received no official recognition. Through the official bulletin of the Holy See, Acta Apostolicae Sedis, the important acts are published bi-monthly. Catholic periodicals in various countries also publish them with more or less completeness: e.g., The American Ecclesiastical Review; The Homiletic and Pastoral Review; The Irish Eeclesiastical Record.

Sentence search

Decrees of Roman Pontiffs And Congregations - These are largely legislative enactments, the former found in papal Constitutions, Apostolic letters, Apostolic epistles, and Motu Proprios; the latter in the Decrees proper of the respective Congregations. Hence the Code on the one hand speaks of the Decrees of general councils, of national and provincial councils, and even diocesan synods; on the other hand, of judicial and non-judicial Decrees. Judicial Decrees are all the rulings of an ecclesiastical court not comprised in incidental and final decisions. Non-judicial Decrees vary from the regulations made in an episcopal visitation to the formal acts removing or transferring a pastor for the greater good of souls. The Roman Congregations, too, issue non-legislative Decrees. For instance, the preliminary determinations in a process of canonization are made through Decrees by the Congregations of Rites, the pope ratifying; so also are books condemned oy the Holy Office
Decreer - ) One who Decrees
Decree - Decrees were proclaimed publically by criers (Jonah 3:5-7 ) designated “heralds” (Daniel 3:4 ) often throughout the territory of the monarch (1 Samuel 11:7 ; Ezra 1:1 ). Decrees were written and stored in archives for later reference (Ezra 6:1-2 ). Scripture attributes just Decrees to divine wisdom (Proverbs 8:15 ). Scripture also recognizes unjust Decrees (Isaiah 10:1 ). Some important Decrees include: Cyrus' decree on rebuilding the Temple (Ezra 6:3-5 ); Esther's decree on the celebration of Purim (Esther 9:32 ); and the decree of Caesar Augustus which set the scene for the birth of Christ (Luke 2:1 ). ...
As King of the earth, God issues Decrees regulating the world of nature (the sea, Proverbs 8:29 ; rain, Job 28:26 ) and of humanity (Daniel 4:24 ). God also Decrees the reign of the Messianic King (Psalm 2:7 )
Decrees, of God - The Decrees of God is His eternal purpose, according to His will, whereby He has foreordained whatever comes to pass. His Decrees do not negate the responsibility of people for their sins nor does it mean that God is responsible for sin. "...
God's efficacious Decrees are those Decrees which God has purposed and determined to occur, Acts 2:23 "this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death. " God's permissive Decrees are those Decrees where He permits things to occur such as evil
Decrees - Decrees issued by rulers, written commands having the effect of law, and the metaphor of God as King of the world provide the imagery behind the Bible's references to God's "decrees. "...
Terms translated "decree" in Hebrew and/or Aramaic include dat [1] (a loanword from Persian) used in Daniel, Ezra, and Esther for Decrees of God and human (especially Persian) monarchs, taam [2] for the orders of high officials including kings, hoq/huqqaa [3] used especially of God's laws, esar [4] (lit. ...
God and Human Decrees . Even in Decrees by human monarchs God shows his own Decrees or purposes to be sovereign. ...
In Exodus 7-14 God shows his Decrees to be sovereign over Pharaoh's by "hardening" Pharaoh's heart. ...
The Decrees of Cyrus (Ezra 5:13-15 ; 6:3-5 ; 1:2-4 ) to allow the Jews to return from Babylonian exile and rebuild Jerusalem was prophesied beforehand (Isaiah 44:26-45:4,13 ) and providentially prompted by God, who "stirred up" Cyrus's spirit to issue it (2 Chronicles 36:22 ; Ezra 1:1 ). Hence, the rebuilding of Jerusalem is said to be both "by the command of God" and "by the Decrees" of several Persian monarchs (Ezra 7:13 ). ...
God delivers Daniel and his friends from various human Decrees—one by Nebuchadnezzar to kill the sages of Babylon (Daniel 2:13 ), another to cremate anyone not worshiping the image of Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 3:10-11 ), a third "immutable" decree to cast to lions anyone praying to a god or person besides Darius the Mede (Daniel 6:7-9 ). ...
God's Decrees and the Law . The terms hoq/huqqaa [ Jeremiah 18:7-10 "Woe to those who decree iniquitous Decrees" ). Ephesians 2:15 ) states that Christ by the cross canceled the certificate of debt consisting of "decrees" (NASB; Gk. ...
Prophetic Decrees . Predictive prophecies resemble Decrees by God determining the course of history: "The Son of Man will go as it has been decreed (lit. God Decrees Ahab's doom (1 Kings 22:23 ) and destruction on Israel (Isaiah 10:23 ); "Seventy sevens'" (often understood as "weeks of years") have been decreed for the history of Daniel's people (Daniel 9:24 ). ...
Sometimes predictive "decrees" can be abrogated, repentance averting punishment and disobedience annulling blessing (Isaiah 10:1 ; Jonah 3:10 ). Poetic texts describe God's Decrees as having established political and cosmic order. ...
God's Decrees and Election . ...
Church Decrees . Paul and Timothy disseminated the Jerusalem church's Decrees (the decision of Acts 15 ), presumably providentially guided, concerning relations between Jewish and Gentile Christians (Acts 16:4 )
Canons, Apostolic - An ancient collection of ecclesiastical Decrees concerning the government and discipline of the Church
Enactor - ) One who enacts a law; one who Decrees or establishes as a law
Apostolic Canons - An ancient collection of ecclesiastical Decrees concerning the government and discipline of the Church
Permissive Decree - In Christian theology, those Decrees (ordained events) of God that are different from His direct Decrees
Pnyx - ) The place at Athens where the meetings of the people were held for making Decrees, etc
Chancellor - The word in the original signifies 'master of counsel or Decrees
Promulgate - ) To make known by open declaration, as laws, Decrees, or tidings; to publish; as, to promulgate the secrets of a council
Bulls - Popish, are letters called apostolic by the Canonists, strengthened with a leaden seal, and containing in them the Decrees and commandments of the pope
Decree - ) An edict or law made by a council for regulating any business within their jurisdiction; as, the Decrees of ecclesiastical councils. ) To make Decrees; - used absolutely. ) To determine judicially by authority, or by decree; to constitute by edict; to appoint by decree or law; to determine; to order; to ordain; as, a court Decrees a restoration of property
Decree - What theologians speak of as the ‘decrees of God,’ and describe as one, immutable, eternal, all-embracing, free, etc. ]'>[2] words, for royal Decrees (in Daniel 6:1-28 RV Chukim - "Decrees
Absolutism - ) Doctrine of absolute Decrees
Abolition - ) The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, Decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc
Decrees of God - "The Decrees of God are his eternal, unchangeable, holy, wise, and sovereign purpose, comprehending at once all things that ever were or will be in their causes, conditions, successions, and relations, and determining their certain futurition. The several contents of this one eternal purpose are, because of the limitation of our faculties, necessarily conceived of by us in partial aspects, and in logical relations, and are therefore styled Decrees. The Decrees are eternal (Acts 15:18 ; Ephesians 1:4 ; 2 th 2:13 ), unchangeable (Psalm 33:11 ; Isaiah 46:9 ), and comprehend all things that come to pass (Ephesians 1:11 ; Matthew 10:29,30 ; Ephesians 2:10 ; Acts 2:23 ; 4:27,28 ; Psalm 17:13,14 ). The Decrees of God are (1) efficacious, as they respect those events he has determined to bring about by his own immediate agency; or (2) permissive, as they respect those events he has determined that free agents shall be permitted by him to effect
Referendary - ) Formerly, an officer of state charged with the duty of procuring and dispatching diplomas and Decrees
Canons of Councils - The Decrees of general councils which contain the condemnations of heretical doctrines
Denzinger, Heinrich Joseph Dominicus - His best-known work is his "Enchiridion," or handbook of the chief conciliar Decrees, with a list of condemned propositions
Acta Apostolicre Sedis - Decrees and decisions published therein are thereby officially promulgated and become effective three months from date of issue
Heinrich Denzinger - His best-known work is his "Enchiridion," or handbook of the chief conciliar Decrees, with a list of condemned propositions
Abrogate - ) To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or his successor; to repeal; - applied to the repeal of laws, Decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc
Annul - ) To make void or of no effect; to nullify; to abolish; to do away with; - used appropriately of laws, Decrees, edicts, decisions of courts, or other established rules, permanent usages, and the like, which are made void by component authority
Immutability - God is absolutely immutable, in every sense, be it in His substance, His knowledge, His will, His Decrees; one simple eternal act is His essence
Auxerre, France - Many Decrees were directed against pagan customs
Town Clerk - He was responsible for the form of Decrees first approved by the Senate, then sent for approval in the popular assembly, in which he often presided. The Decrees having been passed, he sealed them with the public seal in the presence of witnesses
Gaonim - During this period, many Decrees were passed, thousands of responsa were sent to Jews throughout the civilized world of the time, and many important books were compiled
Town Clerk, - (Acts 19:35 ) The original service of this class of men was to record the laws and Decrees of the state, and to read them in public
Agapetus i, Saint Pope - He confirmed Decrees against the Arians, went to Constantinople in state to persuade Emperor Justinian to abandon his Italian projects, and while there deposed the heretical patriarch, Anthimus
Decretal - ) The collection of ecclesiastical Decrees and decisions made, by order of Gregory IX
Gratian, Decree of - A collection of canonical Decrees and excerpts from the Fathers and from Roman Law, published on his private authority by John Gratian, a monk and professor at the University of Bologna, c1150 Before his time there were many Decrees of particular councils in the East, in Africa, Spain, and Gaul
Allegiance - Gladstone's "Vatican Decrees in their Bearing on Civil Allegiance
Town Clerk - ]'>[1] ‘town clerk’) was responsible for the form of Decrees presented to the popular assembly
Auxentius, Saint - Celebrated for austerity and miracles he was called to the Council of Chalcedon to influence the bishops to acknowledge its Decrees
Ordo Salutis - ” Theologically it is the order of Decrees by God in bringing about the salvation of individuals
Raccolta - (Italian: a collection) ...
A book containing prayers and pious exercises to which indulgences have been attached by the popes; also the Decrees granting these indulgences and the conditions necessary for gaining them
Sanction, Pragmatic - The following are the best known among these Decrees: ...
The Sanctio Pragmatica, said to have been issued by Saint Louis IX of France in 1269, dealing adversely with the papal fiscal and appointative powers in France.
The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, 1438, issued by Charles VII of France, accepting much of the reforming Decrees of the pseudo-council of Basel
Primasius, Bishop of Adrumetum - Primasius first comes before us in a synod of his province in 541, the Decrees of which are known only through Justinian's Decrees confirming them, as given in Baronius, Ann. When, however, Vigilius accepted the Decrees of the fifth council, Primasius signed them also
Decrees of Roman Congregations - Many of the Decrees and resolutions of the Roman Congregations have been published in various collections
Lainez, James - As papal theologian to the Council of Trent, he expounded the Catholic doctrine of justification, gave correct dogmatic opinions on Communion under one species, drew up Decrees and canons on the Sacrament of Orders, and defended the papal origin of episcopal jurisdiction
James Lainez - As papal theologian to the Council of Trent, he expounded the Catholic doctrine of justification, gave correct dogmatic opinions on Communion under one species, drew up Decrees and canons on the Sacrament of Orders, and defended the papal origin of episcopal jurisdiction
Ecumenical - A Council to be ecumenical mustmeet three requirements: (1) It must be called of the whole CatholicChurch; (2) it must be left perfectly free, and (3) it must be onewhose Decrees and definitions were subsequently accepted by thewhole Church
Eugene ii, Pope - In 826 he advanced the cause of learning by Decrees promulgated at a council in Rome
Fulminate - ) To issue or send forth Decrees or censures with the assumption of supreme authority; to thunder forth menaces
Roman Congregations, Decrees of - Many of the Decrees and resolutions of the Roman Congregations have been published in various collections
House of the Rolls - The place mentioned in Ezra 6:1 where records of the king's Decrees and actions were kept
Granderath, Theodor - He was sent to Holland in 1887, and in 1893 he was called to Rome where Leo XIII placed the archives of the Vatican council at his disposal in order to help him in preparing the history of its acts and Decrees
Leo iv, Pope Saint - In an important synod, held at Rome (835) various Decrees were passed to further ecclesiastical discipline and learning
Trent - The Decrees of this council, together with the creed of pope Pius IV
Theodor Granderath - He was sent to Holland in 1887, and in 1893 he was called to Rome where Leo XIII placed the archives of the Vatican council at his disposal in order to help him in preparing the history of its acts and Decrees
Caroline Books - It is a theological treatise in which both the Iconoclastic council of 754 and its opponent the Seventh General Council of Nicaea, 787, are severely criticized, especially for their views on the use of images, and it had its origin in the fact that the Decrees of the General Council had reached the Frankish bishops in a very faulty Latin version in which, among other errors, idolatry was approved
Sixtus iv, Pope - Annulled the Decrees of the Council of Constance
Bezer - The bishops of Bostra subscribed the Decrees of several councils
Decree - This word occurs only three times in the NT, once in the singular (Luke 2:1), where it is the decree of Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed, and twice in the plural (Acts 16:4; Acts 17:7), the reference in the one case being to the decisions of the Apostolic Church at Jerusalem, and in the other to the Decrees of the Roman Emperors against treason. ...
The word in its technical or theological sense of the Divine decree of human salvation, or of the Decrees of God comprehended in His eternal purpose whereby He foreordains whatsoever comes to pass, is therefore not found in the NT at all. Whilst the Decrees of God are ‘his eternal purpose whereby he foreordains whatsoever comes to pass,’ yet He accomplishes His ends by the means proper thereto, and even when men are moved by Divine grace to embrace the gospel offer, they do so in the exercise of their liberty as free agents
Decree - This word occurs only three times in the NT, once in the singular (Luke 2:1), where it is the decree of Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed, and twice in the plural (Acts 16:4; Acts 17:7), the reference in the one case being to the decisions of the Apostolic Church at Jerusalem, and in the other to the Decrees of the Roman Emperors against treason. ...
The word in its technical or theological sense of the Divine decree of human salvation, or of the Decrees of God comprehended in His eternal purpose whereby He foreordains whatsoever comes to pass, is therefore not found in the NT at all. Whilst the Decrees of God are ‘his eternal purpose whereby he foreordains whatsoever comes to pass,’ yet He accomplishes His ends by the means proper thereto, and even when men are moved by Divine grace to embrace the gospel offer, they do so in the exercise of their liberty as free agents
Oecumenical Councils - (Greek: oikoumene, the inhabited world) ...
Councils to which the bishops, and others entitled to vote, are convoked from the whole world under the presidency of the pope or his legates, and the Decrees of which having received papal confirmation, are binding on all the members of the Church
Perseverance of the Saints - It, moreover, follows from a consideration of (1) the immutability of the divine Decrees (Jeremiah 31:3 ; Matthew 24:22-24 ; Acts 13:48 ; Romans 8:30 ); (2) the provisions of the covenant of grace (Jeremiah 32:40 ; John 10:29 ; 17:2-6 ); (3) the atonement and intercession of Christ (Isaiah 53:6,11 ; Matthew 20:28 ; 1 Peter 2:24 ; John 11:42 ; 17:11,15,20 ; Romans 8:34 ); and (4) the indwelling of the Holy Ghost (John 14:16 ; 2 co 1:21,22 ; 5:5 ; Ephesians 1:14 ; 1 John 3:9 )
Iconoclasm - In an interchange of letters between the pope and the Frankish bishops the principles were gradually clarified and the Decrees of the Seventh General Council accepted
Ecumenical Councils - (Greek: oikoumene, the inhabited world) ...
Councils to which the bishops, and others entitled to vote, are convoked from the whole world under the presidency of the pope or his legates, and the Decrees of which having received papal confirmation, are binding on all the members of the Church
Aecumenical Councils - (Greek: oikoumene, the inhabited world) ...
Councils to which the bishops, and others entitled to vote, are convoked from the whole world under the presidency of the pope or his legates, and the Decrees of which having received papal confirmation, are binding on all the members of the Church
Flavius Claudius Julianus - Constantius died on the way to meet him, in 361; Julian advanced in triumph to Constantinople, and immediately ordered a return to pagan worship and issued many Decrees against Christians
Julian the Apostate - Constantius died on the way to meet him, in 361; Julian advanced in triumph to Constantinople, and immediately ordered a return to pagan worship and issued many Decrees against Christians
Julianus, Flavius Claudius - Constantius died on the way to meet him, in 361; Julian advanced in triumph to Constantinople, and immediately ordered a return to pagan worship and issued many Decrees against Christians
Consistory - The bishop's chancellor is the judge of this court, supposed to be skilled in the civil and canon law; and in places of the diocese far remote from the bishop's consistory, the bishop appoints a commissary to judge in all causes within a certain district, and a register to enter his Decrees, &c
Apostate, Julian the - Constantius died on the way to meet him, in 361; Julian advanced in triumph to Constantinople, and immediately ordered a return to pagan worship and issued many Decrees against Christians
Simony - The Church has repeatedly and strongly condemned this vice in the encyclicals of Popes and Synods, but never was her condemnation more strong than in the Decrees of Saint Gregory VII
Interims - Owing to Protestant opposition to this recess, Charles V secretly made concessions to the reformers which practically nullified all these Decrees
Liturgical Books - The sources for the composition of Liturgical Books are the Missal, Breviary, Martyrology, Pontifical, Roman Ritual, Ceremoniale Episcoporum, Memoriale Rituum, Octavarium Romanum, and the Decrees of the Congregation of Rites (Decreta Authentica)
Rebecca - In the OT those preferences were regarded as purely arbitrary, Jahweh having the right to do as He pleased with any mother’s sons; but the Apostle discerns in His sovereign Decrees a gracious design which embraces all mankind-‘the purpose of God working by means of election’ (ἡ κατʼ ἐκλογὴν πρόθεσις)
Crispites - He did not distinguish as he ought, between God's secret will in his Decrees, and his revealed will in his covenant and promises
Amphilochius, Bishop of Sida - 431) in conjunction with Valerianus; and in consequence of their representations the council confirmed the Decrees of former synods against these heretics (Labbe, Conc. Yet, as if this were not enough, we are told that he shortly afterwards assented and subscribed to its Decrees (Eulogius in Phot
Durandus, William, the Elder - In 1274 he went to the Second Council of Lyons as secretary of Gregory X and drew up its Decrees
Padua, University of - In 1274 by Decrees of the Council of Lyons, it was given rights equal with those of Paris and Bologna; it acquired great renown and rivalled Bologna, especially in jurisprudence
Jan Felix Cieplak - As successor of Archbishop Ropp of Petrograd, who had been exiled by the Bolsheviks, Cieplak was summoned several times by the Soviet Department of Religious Affairs for refusing to carry out the following Decrees: ...
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Communion - The fourth council of Lateran Decrees that every believer shall receive the communion at least at Easter
William Durandus the Elder - In 1274 he went to the Second Council of Lyons as secretary of Gregory X and drew up its Decrees
University of Padua - In 1274 by Decrees of the Council of Lyons, it was given rights equal with those of Paris and Bologna; it acquired great renown and rivalled Bologna, especially in jurisprudence
Paulus ii, Patriarch of Antioch - He strictly attended to Justin's commands to enforce the Decrees of Chalcedon, and by inserting in the diptychs the names of the orthodox bishops of that synod caused a schism in his church, many of the Antiochenes regarding the council with suspicion, as tending to Nestorianism
Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da - in liturgical music were based on the Tridentine Decrees, his great "Missa Papae Marcelli," 1565, being later presented by papal brief as a model
Florence, Council of - Although at the council the Greek representatives, headed by the Greek emperor, agreed to the famous decree of union (Lætentur Cæli) which was announced, July 6, 1439, yet in Russia the Muscovite princes, and in Byzantium (now Constantinople) the Byzantine clergy and people, refused to abide by the Decrees of the council
Gallican Articles - On March 19, it voted the Articles, a summary of which follows: kings and sovereigus are not by God's commands subject to any ecclesiastical dominion in things temporal; the Decrees of the Council of Constance (4th and 5th sessions) remain unchanged and immQvable, and therefore the pope is at all times inferior to the council; the exercise of the pontifical authority must be regulated by the canons and the pope is bound to respect the customs and maxims of the Church of France; the pope's judgment, even in matters of faith, is not irreformable, unless confirmed by the consent of the universal Church
Articles, Gallican - On March 19, it voted the Articles, a summary of which follows: kings and sovereigus are not by God's commands subject to any ecclesiastical dominion in things temporal; the Decrees of the Council of Constance (4th and 5th sessions) remain unchanged and immQvable, and therefore the pope is at all times inferior to the council; the exercise of the pontifical authority must be regulated by the canons and the pope is bound to respect the customs and maxims of the Church of France; the pope's judgment, even in matters of faith, is not irreformable, unless confirmed by the consent of the universal Church
Laity, Bible Reading by - The Albigenses and Waldenees who appealed to unauthorized and, at times, corrupt versions in their disputes with Catholics, gave occasion for the first restrictive Decrees. These Decrees, edited by the Synods of Toulouse (1229), Tarragona (1234), and Oxford (1408), aimed to restrict the reading of the Bible in the vernacular
Bible Reading by Laity - The Albigenses and Waldenees who appealed to unauthorized and, at times, corrupt versions in their disputes with Catholics, gave occasion for the first restrictive Decrees. These Decrees, edited by the Synods of Toulouse (1229), Tarragona (1234), and Oxford (1408), aimed to restrict the reading of the Bible in the vernacular
Town Clerk - An officer originally appointed to record the laws and Decrees of the state, mid to read them in public; but in Asia Minor, under the Roman empire, authorized to preside over popular assemblies and submit questions to their vote, as inscriptions on marbles testify; in short, governors of single cities and districts, and named as such on the coins; sometimes also entitled "chief priests"; a kind of state secretary
Holy Office, Congregation of the - Its Decrees are not infallible, even when specifically approved by the pope; but they call for a true assent
Gallican Liberties - Among so-called "Liberties," the following may be noted: the kings have the right to assemble councils and to make laws concerning ecclesiastical affairs; the pope's legates cannot be sent to France nor, a fortiori, exercise any power in the kingdom without the king's consent; the king may prevent bishops from communicating with the pope and from leaving the kingdom to repair to Rome; the publication of papal Decrees and ordinances is subject to the king's approval; it is lawful to appeal from the pope to a future council
Joannes Iii, Bishop of Jerusalem - of Jerusalem, by the emperor Anastasius, John, deacon of the Anastasis, was forcibly thrust into his episcopal seat by Olympius, prefect of Palestine, on his engaging to receive Severus of Antioch into communion and to anathematize the Decrees of Chalcedon (Cyrill. John, having ascended the ambo, supported by Theodosius and Sabas, the leaders of the monastic party, was received with vociferous shouts, "Anathematize the heretics!" "Confirm the synod!" When silence was secured, John and his two companions pronounced a joint anathema on Nestorius, Eutyches, Soterichus of the Cappadocian Caesarea, and all who rejected the Decrees of Chalcedon
Decree - An edict or law made by a council for regulating any business within their jurisdiction as the Decrees of ecclesiastical councils
Apollinarians - In short, it was attacked at the same time by the laws of the emperors, the Decrees of councils, and the writings of the learned; and sunk by degrees under their united force
Flavianus (16), Bishop of Antioch - Before his consecration Flavian passed for an opponent of the Decrees of Chalcedon, and on his appointment he sent to announce the fact to John Haemula, bp. Flavian declared his acceptance of the Decrees of Chalcedon in condemning Nestorius and Eutyches, but not as a rule of faith. Flavian was completely unnerved, and, yielding to the stronger party, pronounced a public anathema in his cathedral on the Decrees of Chalcedon and the four so-called heretical doctors
Fraticelli - Thereupon, they professed themselves the original Friars Minor, denied the validity of the papal Decrees through which, they said, John XXII had forfeited the papacy, and further asserted that all religious and prelates in the state of mortal sin were devoid of sacerdotal powers
Cassinese Congregation - Characterized by a centralized form of government, its strength and prosperity continued until reduced by the Italian Revolution and later Decrees of the Italian government
Brass - The "mountains of brass" (Zechariah 6:1 ) speaks of have been supposed to represent the immutable Decrees of God
Iconoclastes - Irene, the wife of Leo, poisoned her husband in 780; assumed the reins of the empire during the minority of her son Constantine; and in 786 summoned a council at Nice, in Bithynia, known by the name of the Second Nicene Council, which abrogated the laws and Decrees against the new idolatry, restored the worship of images and of the cross, and denounced severe punishments against those who maintained that God was the only object of religious adoration. Charlemagne distinguished himself as a mediator in this controversy: he ordered four books concerning images to be composed, refuting the reasons urged by the Nicene bishops to justify the worship of images, which he sent to Adrian, the Roman pontiff, in 790, in order to engage him to withdraw his approbation of the Decrees of the last council of Nice. But the scene changed on the accession of Leo, the Armenian, to the empire, who assembled a council at Constantinople, in 812, that abolished the Decrees of the Nicene council. However, the empress Theodora, after his death, and during the minority of her son, assembled a council at Constantinople in 842, which reinstated the Decrees of the second Nicene council, and encouraged image worship by a law. The council held at the same place under Protius, in 879, and reckoned by the Greeks the eighth general council, confirmed and renewed the Nicene Decrees
Ahijah - 1 Kings 4:3 , one of Solomon’s secretaries, who conducted the king’s correspondence and wrote out his Decrees
Theocracy - The divine will is expressed in Decrees that are implemented by members of Yahweh's court (see 1 Kings 22:1 ; Isaiah 6:1 ; Job 1-2 ; Zechariah 3:1 )
Succession Uninterrupted - ) Contested elections, in almost all considerable cities, make it very dubious which were the true bishops; and Decrees of councils, rendering all those ordinations null where any sinoniacal contract, was the foundation of them, makes it impossible to prove that there is now upon earth any one person who is a legal successor of the apostles; at least according to the principles of the Romish church
Kiss - The written Decrees of a sovereign are kissed in token of respect; even the ground is sometimes kissed by Orientals int he fullness of their submission
Libellatici -
After the edict of Decius (250-251) the lapsi who had obeyed the Decrees out of weakness wished to attend Christian worship again
Lapsi -
After the edict of Decius (250-251) the lapsi who had obeyed the Decrees out of weakness wished to attend Christian worship again
Canonization - Before a beatified person is canonized, the qualifications of the candidate are strictly examined into, in some consistories held for that purpose; after which one of the consistorial advocates, in the presence of the pope and cardinals, makes the panegvric of the person who is to be proclaimed a saint, and gives a particular detail of his life and miracles; which being done, the holy father Decrees his canonization, and appoints the day
Hattemists - The founders of these sects deduced from the doctrine of absolute Decrees a system of fatal and uncontrollable necessity; they denied the difference between moral good and evil, and the corruption of human nature; from whence they farther concluded, that mankind were under no sort of obligation to correct their manners, to improve their minds, or to obey the divine laws; that the whole of religion consisted not in acting, but in suffering; and that all the precepts of Jesus Christ are reducible to this one, that we bear with cheerfulness and patience the events that happen to us through the divine will, and make it our constant and only study to maintain a permanent tranquillity of mind
Louis ix, Saint - He made numerous judicial and legislative reforms, and promoted Christianity in his kingdom by establishing religious foundations, aiding the Mendicant Orders, and propagating the synodal Decrees of the Church
Henry iv, King - He secured liberty for Protestants by the Edict of Nantes, and refused to allow the publication of the Decrees of Trent
Epistle to the Hebrews - The unbroken testimony of the Eastern Fathers, the perfect accord in the Western Church since the 4th century, the Decrees of popes and councils, the constant practise of the universal Church, the similarity and harmony existing between this and other epistles of Saint Paul prove that he is its author; the differences in style and language are perhaps due to one of Saint Paul's disciples who put it in the form in which it now stands (Biblical Commission, June 24, 1914)
Epiphanius Scholasticus - It is a collection of letters addressed by different synods to the emperor Leo in defence of the Decrees of the council of Chalcedon against Timotheus Aelurus
Thurificati -
After the edict of Decius (250-251) the lapsi who had obeyed the Decrees out of weakness wished to attend Christian worship again
Sacrificati -
After the edict of Decius (250-251) the lapsi who had obeyed the Decrees out of weakness wished to attend Christian worship again
Hebrews, Epistle to the - The unbroken testimony of the Eastern Fathers, the perfect accord in the Western Church since the 4th century, the Decrees of popes and councils, the constant practise of the universal Church, the similarity and harmony existing between this and other epistles of Saint Paul prove that he is its author; the differences in style and language are perhaps due to one of Saint Paul's disciples who put it in the form in which it now stands (Biblical Commission, June 24, 1914)
Command, Commandment - Abraham in essence kept God's "commands, Decrees, and laws" (Genesis 26:5 ) even before these had been revealed through Moses, presumably via living by faith. Sprinkle...
See also Decrees ; Law ; Requirement ; Statute ; Ten Commandments ...
Bibliography
Evagrius - He also wrote for him a book containing "reports, epistles, Decrees, orations, disputations, with sundry other matters," which led to his appointment as quaestor by Tiberius Constantinus and by Mauritius Tiberius as master of the rolls, "where the lieutenants and magistrates with their monuments are registered " (Evagr. Not a few original documents, Decrees of councils, supplications to emperors, letters of emperors and bishops, etc
Bible, Use of the - Its doctrinal use grows out of the official teaching of the Church as incorporated in the Decrees of the Council of Trent and the Vatican Council, which states that the Sacred Scriptures, together with Apostolic tradition, constitute the twofold fount of Divine revelation
Sanhedrim - As the highest court of judicature, "in all causes and over all persons, ecclesiastical and civil, supreme," its Decrees were binding, not only on the Jews in Palestine, but on all Jews wherever scattered abroad
Ordain - ...
6: κρίνω (Strong's #2919 — Verb — krino — kree'-no ) "to divide, separate, decide, judge," is translated "ordained" in Acts 16:4 , of the Decrees by the Apostles and elders in Jerusalem
Use of the Bible - Its doctrinal use grows out of the official teaching of the Church as incorporated in the Decrees of the Council of Trent and the Vatican Council, which states that the Sacred Scriptures, together with Apostolic tradition, constitute the twofold fount of Divine revelation
Paulus of Asia - The historian describes him as an honest and simple-minded old man, dwelling quietly in his monastery in Caria, when the patriarch had him brought to Constantinople and imprisoned in his own palace, until, overcome by harsh treatment, he was compelled to receive the communion at his hands, besides signing an act of submission, which he was not allowed to read (given by the historian), to the effect that he accepted the Decrees of Chalcedon and the jurisdiction of the patriarch of Constantinople
Predestination - ...
See Decrees OF GOD; NECESSITY; King, Toplady, Cooper, and Tucker, on Predestination; Burnet on 17 Art. considered; Hill's Logica Wesleinsis; Edwards on the Will; Polhill on the Decrees; Edwards's Veritas Redux; Saurin's Sermons, vol
Leo i, Emperor - The emperor, distracted by the demands of pope and patriarch on the one hand, of Aspar and the heretical party on the other, addressed a circular letter to Anatolius and all other metropolitans, commanding them to assemble their provincial councils, and advise him—(1) whether the Decrees of the council of Chalcedon should be held binding; (2) as to the ordination of Timothy Aelurus. 458, replied, unanimously upholding the Decrees of Chalcedon and rejecting the ordination of Timothy, who, however, maintained his position at Alexandria till 460
Infallibility - The whole church could not meet to make Decrees, or to choose representatives, or to deliver their sentiments on any question started; and, less than all would not be the whole church, and so could not claim that privilege. The advocates for this opinion consider the pope as the vicar of Christ, head of the church, and centre of unity; and therefore conclude that his concurrence with and approbation of the Decrees of a general council are necessary, and sufficient to afford it an indispensable sanction and plenary authority. A general council they regard as the church representative, and suppose that nothing can be wanting to ascertain the truth of any controversial point, when the pretended head of the church and its members, assembled in their supposed representatives, mutually concur and coincide in judicial definitions and Decrees, but that infallibility attends their coalition and conjunction in all their determinations
Silvester, Bishop of Rome - It opens: "To the most beloved pope Silvester," and concludes in reference to the Decrees: "We have thought it fit also that they should be especially made known to all through you, who hold the greater dioceses. " The phrase, "qui majores dioceses tenes," with the consequent desire expressed that the pope should promulgate the Decrees, has been used in proof of the pope's then acknowledged patriarchal jurisdiction over the great dioceses (i. In the subscriptions to the Decrees Hosius signs first, but simply as bp
Scribes - The scribes acted as secretaries of state, whose business it was to prepare and issue Decrees in the name of the king (2 Samuel 8:17 ; 20:25 ; 1 Chronicles 18:16 ; 24:6 ; 1 Kings 4:3 ; 2 Kings 12:9-11 ; 18:18-37 , etc
Predestination - (See Decrees OF GOD; ELECTION
Cherub - The cherubim are variously represented as living creatures, Genesis 3:24; Ezekiel 1:1-28; Revelation 4:1-11; or as images wrought in tapestry, gold, or wood, Exodus 36:35; Exodus 37:7; Ezekiel 41:25; as having one, two, or four faces, Exodus 25:20; Ezekiel 41:18; Ezekiel 10:14, as having two, four, or six wings, 1 Kings 6:27; Ezekiel 1:6; Revelation 4:8; in the simplest form, as in the golden figures above the ark of the covenant; or in the most complex and sublime form, as in Ezekiel's wonderful visions of the glory of God—discerning and ruling all things, and executing irresistibly and with the speed of thought all his wise and just Decrees
Petrus, First Bishop of Parembolae - His name appears among those subscribing the deposition of Nestorius and the Decrees of the council (Labbe, iii
Timotheus, Patriarch of Constantinople - Timothy sent the Decrees of his synod to Jerusalem, where ELIAS refused to receive them
Decrees of God - As to the nature of these Decrees, it must be observed that they are not the result of deliberation, or the Almighty's debating matters within himself, reasoning in his own mind about the expediency or inexpediency of things, as creatures do; nor are they merely ideas of things future, but settled determinations founded on his sovereign will and pleasure, Isaiah 40:14 . Decrees of Councils are the laws made by them to regulate the doctrine and policy of the Church
Epiphanius, Patriarch of Constantinople - He accepted the conditions of peace between East and West concluded by his predecessor, the patriarch John, with pope Hormisdas; ratifying them at a council at Constantinople, where he accepted also the Decrees of Chalcedon. Epiphanius adopts the symbol of Nicaea, the Decrees of Ephesus, Constantinople, and Chalcedon, and the letters of pope Leo in defence of the faith
Esther - Mordecai and Esther put forth two Decrees: first, that the 14th and 15th days of the month Adar were to be kept annually as ‘days of feasting and gladness, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor’ ( Esther 9:22 ); and, second, that a day of mourning and fasting should be observed in memory of the sorrow which the king’s first decree had occasioned to the Jewish people ( Esther 9:29-32 , cf
Paulus Edessenus - Justin, becoming emperor, undertook to force the Decrees of Chalcedon on Severus of Antioch and his followers, and committed the task to Patricius, who came in due course to Edessa (Nov
Bonifacius i, Pope - So also in the case of the vacancy of the see of Lodève he insisted on a rigid adherence to the Decrees of the council of Nicaea, that each metropolitan, and in this case the metropolitan of Narbonne, should be supreme within his own province, and that the jurisdiction conferred by his predecessor Zosimus on the bp. 932, 933, where spurious letters and Decrees attributed to Boniface are given)
Marcianus, Flavius, Emperor of the East - ]'>[1]...
After the council separated Marcian proceeded to enforce its Decrees by a series of edicts. 481), exhorting them to abandon their errors and to submit to the Decrees of Chalcedon
Euphemius, Patriarch of Constantinople - The patriarch openly called him a heretic, unworthy of reigning over Christians, and refused to crown him, despite the entreaties of the empress and the senate, until Anastasius would give a written profession of his creed, promise under his hand to keep the Catholic faith intact, make no innovation in the church, and follow as his rule of belief the Decrees of Chalcedon. Was it not even worse for Acacius to know the truth and yet communicate with its enemies? The condemnation of Acacius was ipso facto according to the Decrees of ancient councils. Anastasius harboured designs against its supporters; the patriarch gathered together the bishops who were at Constantinople, and invited them to confirm its Decrees. 1180) the event is placed at the beginning of the patriarchate of Euphemius, and the Decrees are said to have been sent by the bishops to pope Felix III
Calandio or Calendio, Bishop of Antioch - But the real cause of his deposition was the theological animosity of Acacius, whom he had offended by writing a letter to Zeno accusing Peter Mongus of adultery, and of having anathematized the Decrees of the council of Chalcedon (Evagr
Stoics - Some of them explained this fate as an eternal chain of causes and effects; while others, more approaching the Christian system, describe it as resulting from the divine Decrees—the fiat of an eternal providence
Theology, Pastoral - " From Sacred Scripture and tradition which includes the official documents of popes, general councils, Roman congregations, Decrees of provincial councils and diocesan synods, and episcopal letters, the priest will find pastoral direction
Helladius, Bishop of Tarsus - " The firmness of Helladius rejoiced Alexander, who wrote that he intended to hold a synod himself, begging Helladius, whom he regarded as his leader, to attend it and sign its Decrees ( ib. 164), but the latter convoked the bishops of his province, whose synodical letters to Theodosius declared their complete acceptance of all required of them: admission of the Decrees of the council of Ephesus, communion with Cyril, the ratification of Nestorius's sentence of deposition, and the anathematization of him and his adherents ( ib
Pius i., Bishop of Rome - ...
Four letters and several Decrees are assigned to Pius, of which the first two letters (to all the faithful and to the Italians) and the Decrees are universally rejected as spurious
Chrysogonus, Martyr Under Diocletian - 304, the fourth edict appears, it sets forth no new penalties; it merely interprets the previous Decrees in all the grim pregnancy of their meaning: "certis poenis intereant
Elias i, Bishop of Jerusalem - In 509 they demanded a confession of his faith, and Anastasius required him to convene a council to repudiate the Decrees of Chalcedon
Ephraim (6), Bishop of Antioch And Patriarch - 537, 538) He was the author of a large number of theological treatises directed against Nestorius, Eutyches, Severus, and the Acephali, and in defence of the Decrees of Chalcedon
Quit - To vacate obligation to release to free from Dangers of law, actions, Decrees, judgments against us quitted
Chancellor - ...
In scripture, a mater of the Decrees, or president of the council
Judgment - The Decrees and purposes of God concerning nations
Petrus, Bishop of Apamea - In these he is charged with declaring himself the enemy of the Chalcedonian Decrees, erasing from the diptychs the names of orthodox bishops and fathers, and substituting those of Dioscorus, Timothy Aelurus, and other heresiarchs
Ordinance - McLean...
See also Command, Commandment ; Decrees ; Law ...
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Vigilius Thapsensis - Leo and the orthodoxy of the Decrees of Chalcedon, and has some remarks, important for liturgiology, on the form of the creed used at Rome ("Creed," D
Henoticon, the - The "Henoticon" was drawn up, and as it did not directly mention the council of Chalcedon and a hypothetical allusion in it was capable of being construed in a depreciatory sense, it could be accepted by those who, like Mongus, had hitherto rejected that council's Decrees. The Monophysites who subscribed were to be admitted into communion without being required to give up their distinctive doctrines; while their opponents were left free to maintain the authority of the Decrees of Chalcedon and the tome of Leo. " A third body of dissidents was formed by the high ecclesiastical party, who were offended at the presumption of the emperor in assuming a right to issue Decrees on spiritual matters, "a right," writes Milman, ( u. 235), "complacently admitted when ratifying or compulsorily enforcing ecclesiastical Decrees, and usually adopted without scruple on other occasions by the party with which the court happened to side. Anastasius required toleration of the bishops who were forbidden to force the Decrees of Chalcedon on a reluctant diocese or to compel one which had accepted that council to abandon it
Council - They were caused respectively by the Arian, Apollinarian, Nestorian, and Eutychian controversies, and their Decrees are in high esteem both among Papists and orthodox Protestants; but the deliberations of most councils were disgraced by violence, disorder, and intrigue, and their decisions were usually made under the influence of some ruling party. ) the third of Lateran, under Alexander III, in 1179, the Decrees of which were intended to extirpate the Albigenses, as well as the Waldenses, who were variously called Leonists, or poor men of Lyons; (12. A general council being composed of men, every one of whom is fallible, they must also be liable to error when collected together; and that they actually have erred is sufficiently evident from this fact, that different general councils have made Decrees directly opposite to each other, particularly in the Arian and Eutychian controversies, which were upon subjects immediately "pertaining unto God
Curiosity - Curiosity is proper, when it springs from a desire to know our duty, to mature our judgments, to enlarge our minds, and to regulate our conduct; but improper when it wishes to know more of God, of the Decrees; the origin or evil; the state of men, or the nature of things, than it is designed for us to know
Joannes Scholasticus, Bishop of Constantinople - Following some older work which he mentions in his preface, he abandoned the historical plan of giving the Decrees of each council in order and arranged them on a philosophical principle, according to their matter
Canon of the Holy Scriptures - Early Christian writers bear witness to a widespread influence of this distinction within the Church, until official Decrees established uniformity regarding the extent of the canon
Pacification - Edicts of, were Decrees, granted by the kings of France to the Protestants, for appeasing the troubles occasioned by their persecution
Coelicolae - The fierce bitterness of the edicts of Constantine and Constantius was never perhaps renewed, but the Decrees of Theodosius the Great (379–395) and his son Honorius (395–423) were sufficiently strong and cruel to make it evident how the Roman emperors were influenced, both theologically and politically
Montanus, Bishop of Toledo - "According to the Decrees of ancient canons, we declare that, God willing, the council shall be held in future 'apud' our brother, the bishop Montanus, so that it will be the duty of our brother and co-bishop Montanus, who is in the metropolis , to forward to our co-principals, bishops of the Lord, letters convening the synod when the proper time shall arrive
Supralapsarians - ...
The decree of the means includes the decree to create men to permit them to fall, to recover them out of it through redemption by Christ, to sanctify them by the grace of the Spirit, and completely save them; and which are not to be reckoned as materially many Decrees, but as making one formed decree; or they are not to be considered as subordinate, but as co-ordinate means, and as making up one entire complete medium; for it is not to be supposed that God decreed to create man, that he might permit him to fall, in order to redeem, sanctify, and save him; but he decreed all this that he might glorify his grace, mercy, and justice. And in this way of considering the Decrees of God, they think that they sufficiently obviate and remove the slanderous calumny cast upon them with respect to the other branch of predestination, which leaves men in the same state when others are chosen, and that for the glory of God
Bible And the Popes, the - Of these the Decrees and encyclical letters of Leo XIII and Pius X are especially worthy of mention
Canon (1) - These books were written at different times; and they are authenticated, not by the Decrees of councils or infallible authority, but by such evidence as is thought sufficient in the case of any other ancient writings
Justinus ii - ...
Justin, on his accession, declared himself an adherent of the Decrees of Chalcedon, and restored to their sees the bishops who had been banished by his predecessor (Venantius Fortunatus, ad Justinum , 25–26, 39–44, in Patr
Force - Destiny necessity compulsion any extraneous power to which men are subject as the force of fate or of divine Decrees
Euthymius (4), Abbat in Palestine - When the council of Chalcedon issued its Decrees (451), two of his disciples, Stephen and John, who had been present, brought them to their master
Communion (1) - ...
The fourth council of Lateran Decrees, that every believer shall receive the communion, at least, at Easter; which seems to import a tacit desire that they should do it oftener in the primitive days
Pelagius i., Bishop of Rome - But he made no mention of the fifth council, or of the necessity of accepting its Decrees
Monophysitism - The bishops who had disgraced themselves by their craven submission to the Decrees of the "Robber Synod"—"chameleons," as Theodoret calls them—now further disgraced themselves by as sudden a recantation. Accordingly Leo held several synods at Rome in which the Decrees of the "Robber Synod" were rejected. ...
The resistance against the Decrees of the council of Chalcedon has nevertheless been even more formidable than against those of Ephesus, and the communities still in existence which are separated from the church at large on the question of the Decrees of Chalcedon are more numerous, less scattered, and more thoroughly organized than those called into existence by the Decrees of Ephesus. Justinian, emperor from 527–565, did his utmost to support the Decrees of Chalcedon, while his consort, the famous, or, as some historians prefer to put it, the infamous, Theodora, did her best to thwart her husband, at the instance of some ecclesiastical intriguers who had contrived to worm themselves into her confidence
Patriarchs - In short, nothing was done without consulting them, and their Decrees were executed with the same regularity and respect as those of the princes
Basilius of Ancyra, Bishop of Ancyra - The deputies were received with much consideration by the emperor, who ratified their synodical Decrees and gave his authority for their publication
Gregorius, Saint., the Illuminator - In 325 Gregory is said to have been summoned to the council of Nicaea, but, being himself unable to go, sent his son, who brought back the Decrees for the Armenian church
Turtle - The church calls herself, the Lord's turtle dove, (Psalms 74:19) and begs the Lord as such to keep her from her enemies; and Jesus calls the church his dove, (Song of Song of Solomon 2:14) as if in answer to this cry, and bids her see her security, for that she is in the cliffs of the rock—perhaps, meaning the secret Decrees of JEHOVAH, or, in Christ, the rock of ages, or probably both
Maximinus ii., Emperor - Decrees, which Eusebius (ix
Petrus, Patriarch of Jerusalem - On the first publication of the edict he solemnly declared, before a vast crowd of turbulent monks clamouring against its impiety, that whoever signed it would violate the Decrees of Chalcedon
Torah - Torah , for example, is used in connection with terms for requirements, commands, and Decrees (Genesis 26:5 ; Exodus 18:16 )
Eleusius, Bishop of Cyzicus - 127), and was one of the members deputed to lay before Constantius at Sirmium the Decrees they had passed, condemnatory of the Anomoeans (Hilar
Meletius, Bishop of Lycopolis - "...
It is doubtful whether Meletius was at the council; but he did not resist its Decrees
Petrus, Surnamed Fullo - Under the influence of his wife Basiliscus declared for the Monophysites, recalled Timothy Aelurus, patriarch of Alexandria, from exile, and by his persuasion issued an encyclical letter to the bishops calling them to anathematize the Decrees of Chalcedon (Evagr
Scribes - (2 Samuel 8:17 ; 20:25 ; 1 Kings 4:3 ) We may think of them as the king's secretaries, writing his letters, drawing up his Decrees, managing his finances
Ashtoreth - 1800) aptly calls ‘queen of the gods, into whose hands are delivered the commands of the great gods, lady of Nineveh, daughter of Sin, sister of Shamash, who rules all kingdoms, who determines Decrees, the goddess of the universe, lady of heaven and earth, who hears petitions, heeds sighs; the merciful goddess who loves justice
Eutychius - The subscription of Eutychius to the Acts of this synod, which sat from May 5 to June 2, 553, is a summary of the Decrees against the Three Chapters
Jacobus, Bishop of Nisibis - His name occurs among those who signed the Decrees of the council of Antioch, in Encaeniis , A
Honorius, Flavius Augustus, Emperor - ...
In 404 there were 14 Decrees, chiefly on religious matters. ...
There were 5 religious Decrees out of 18 in 405. ...
In 410 there were 4 Decrees (out of 19) on heresy. Two more Decrees this year restored all fabrics taken from the Jews, even for church purposes; or, in case the holy mysteries had been celebrated in such buildings, equal accommodation should be provided for the former holders
Jacobus Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa - Justinian had resolved to enforce the Chalcedonian Decrees universally, and the bishops and clergy who refused them were punished with imprisonment, deprivation, and exile. This prolonged persecution broke their spirit, and one by one they all yielded, accepting the communion of John the patriarch of Constantinople and the "Synodites," as the adherents of the Chalcedonian Decrees were contemptuously termed by their opponents, "lapsing miserably into the communion of the two natures" ( ib
Alexander, Bishop of Hierapolis Euphratensis - 435, felt he could not offer any further resistance to the imperial Decrees
Arminians - Wetstein, Goodwin, Whitby, Taylor, Fletcher, &c Some of the principal writers on the other side have been Polhill in his Book on the Decrees; John Edwards in his Veritas Redux, Cole in his Sovereignty of God; Edwards on the Will, and Original Sin; Dr
Ethelbert, King of Kent - Among the many "good services which he rendered to his people," Bede reckons those "dooms" or Decrees which, "after the example of the Romans, he framed with the consent of his wise men," and among which he first of all set down what satisfaction ( bôt ) was to be made by any one who robbed the church, the bishop, or the clergy
Justinianus i, Emperor - On his accession in 527 he professed himself a zealous supporter of the Two Natures and the Decrees of Chalcedon, and the firmness of his throne was no doubt partly due to this coincidence of his theological views with those of the bulk of his subjects in Constantinople, Thrace, and Asia Minor. His ecclesiastical policy apparently had two main objects, not, however, consistently pursued—the maintenance of the orthodox doctrine of the Four Councils, and especially of Chalcedon; and the reconciliation of the Monophysites, or at least the inducing by apparent concessions the more moderate Monophysites to accept the Decrees of Chalcedon. The first four general councils and their Decrees were formally accepted, and art. Justinian sent the Decrees all over the empire for signature by the bishops. The monks of the New Laura, who attacked the Decrees, were chased out by the imperial general Anastasius
Vincentius Lirinensis - Such has been the church's task in the Decrees of councils which have simply aimed at adding clearness vigour and zeal to what was believed taught and practised already (cc. Where they can let them adduce the Decrees of general councils; failing those the consistent rulings of great doctors
Church, Gallican - These liberties depended upon two maxims; the first, that the pope had no right to order any thing in which the temporalities and civil rights of the kingdom were concerned; the second, that, notwithstanding the pope's supremacy was admitted in cases purely spiritual, yet in France his power was limited by the Decrees of ancient councils received in that realm
Apollinaris the Younger, Bishop of Laodicea - Imperial Decrees prohibited the public worship of the Apollinarists (388, 397, 428), until during the 5th cent
Acacius (7), Patriarch of Constantinople - They were agreed on the necessity of taking vigorous measures to affirm the Decrees of the council of Chalcedon, and for a time acted in concert (Simplic
Law - Municipal or laws are established by the Decrees, edicts or ordinances of absolute princes, as emperors and kings, or by the formal acts of the legislatures of free states
Meletius, Bishop of Antioch - 361) and the Decrees of toleration promulgated by Julian permitted the banished bishops to return
Isidorus, Archbaptist of Seville - The Decrees set forth fully the doctrine of the Person of Christ against the Acephali, supporting it with appeals to Scripture, the Apostles' Creed, and the Fathers. The king, with his court magnates, was present, and threw himself on the earth before the bishops, and with tears and sighs entreated their intercession with God, and exhorted them to observe the ancient Decrees of the church and to reform abuses. The council issued 75 Decrees, for a summary of which see D
Nectarius, Archbaptist of Constantinople - In spite of the Decrees of bishops and emperor, the Arians and Pneumatomachians continued to spread their doctrines
Synods - " Rigid Decrees were passed generally against such of the clergy as ate meats which had been sacrificed to idols. " The fourth canon of this synod ordains, "that an archbishop, &c, deposed by a provincial synod, must not be expelled, until the bishop of Rome shall determine whether the cause shall be reexamined;" and the fifth canon Decrees, "that the bishop of Rome, if he deem it proper, shall order a rehearing of the matter; that, if convenient, he shall send deputies for the purpose; if not, that he should leave the decision of the case to the synod itself. Lastly, if, as the historian Sozomen says, the Sardican synod wrote to Julius, bishop of Rome, to apprize him of what they had done, and of their Decrees being drawn up in the spirit of the council of Nice, the purport of the letter was not so strong as that which they addressed to the church of Alexandria, in which they pray it to give its suffrage to the determination of the council, additional suspicions are created. From all these circumstances taken together, it is evident that no value is to be attached to the Decrees of this obscure council; and that, although due respect was paid to St
Arminianism - ...
The system of Arminius, then, appears to have been the same with that which was generally maintained in the reformed churches at that time; except in so far as the doctrine of the divine Decrees was concerned. He alleges, that Arminius had actually laid the plan of that theological system which was afterward embraced by his followers; that he had inculcated the main and leading principles of it on the minds of his disciples; and that Episcopius and others, who rejected Calvinism in more points than in that which related to the divine Decrees, only propagated, with greater courage and perspicuity, the doctrines which Arminianism, as taught by its founder, already contained. Refusing to submit to the two last of these hard Decrees, they were subjected to fines, imprisonments, and various other punishments
Statute, Ordinance - 10:1 the verb is used of “enacting a decree”: “Woe unto them that decree unrighteous Decrees, and that write grievousness which they have prescribed
Pharisees - ...
But, above all their other tenets, the Pharisees were conspicuous for their reverential observance of the traditions or Decrees of the elders: these traditions, they pretended, had been handed down from Moses through every generation, but were not committed to writing; and they were not merely considered as of equal authority with the divine law, but even preferable to it
Judgement - This may be administered on earth in God's government of men or of His people, in accordance with the principles of the economy in force at the time; or hereafter for eternity, in accordance with God's Decrees
Joannes Cappadox, Bishop of Constantinople - The patriarch John, having meanwhile gained time for thought and consultation, came out and mounted the pulpit, saying, "There is no need of disturbance or tumult; nothing has been done against the faith; we recognize for orthodox all the councils which have confirmed the Decrees of Nicaea, and principally these three—Constantinople, Ephesus, and the great council of Chalcedon
Reccared - The 1st confirmed the Decrees of previous councils and synodical letters of the popes; the 2nd directed the recitation of the creed of Constantinople at the communion; by the 5th the Arian bishops, priests, and deacons, who had been converted, were forbidden to live with their wives; the 7th directed the Scriptures should be read at a bishop's table during meals; by the 9th Arian churches were transferred to the bishops of their dioceses; the 13th forbade clerics to proceed against clerics before lay tribunals; the 14th forbade Jews to have Christian wives, concubines, or slaves, ordered the children of such unions to be baptized, and disqualified Jews from any office in which they might have to punish Christians—Christian slaves whom they had circumcised, or made to share in their rites, were ipso facto free; the 21st forbade civil authorities to lay burdens on clerics or the slaves of the church or clergy; the 22nd forbade wailing at funerals; the 23rd forbade celebrating saints' days with indecent dances and songs
Priscillianus And Priscillianism, Priscillian - The task of promulgating the Decrees and executing the ecclesiastical sentences was given to Ithacius, bp. At the same time there could not be a more brilliant inauguration of the new reign than a vigorous assertion of orthodoxy on the lines of the now famous Theodosian Decrees
Habakkuk, Theology of - His Decrees seem slow but they are infallible and sure (2:3)
Promise - His obedience to God's “requirements,” “commands,” “decrees,” and “laws” (Genesis 26:5 NIV) was exemplary
Necessitarians - But we cannot maintain his justice in this particular, if men's actions be necessary either in their own nature, or by the divine Decrees
Eusebius, Bishop of Dorylaeum - His name appears in the list of bishops signing the Decrees of the council at Rome in 503, but this list certainly belongs to some earlier council (cf
Deuteronomy, Theology of - The "law" (or, better, "instruction"), he said, would consist of "stipulations, " "decrees, " "laws, " terms associated with such treaties. ...
These stipulations are described as commands, Decrees, and laws (6:1; King - ’ Others take it as ‘King of the world times,’ the ruler who Decrees what is to happen from age to age; while others render it, as in the Authorized Version , ‘the King eternal
Maxentius, Joannes, Presbyter And Archimandrite - what need, therefore, to raise any further controversy, when the Christian faith is limited by canonical books, synodical Decrees, and the constitutions of the Fathers within fixed and immovable limits?" Nor is he much more explicit as to the writings of Faustus
Donatus And Donatism - 373) deposing any clerical person who rebaptized, and Gratian's successive Decrees—the first (a. Rightly or wrongly they had considered him the originator of the stern Decrees lately issued, and hailed the news by joining with heathen in slaying, ill-using, or putting to flight the hated Catholic bishops. The emperor Honorius rescinded his extreme Decrees against heathen and schismatic; but in 410 a deputation of 4 bishops from Carthage again brought complaints against the Donatists to him
Lutherans - They differ as to the doctrine of the eternal Decrees of God respecting man's salvation. The modern Lutherans maintain that the divine Decrees, respecting the salvation and misery of men, are founded upon the divine prescience. The Calvinists, on the contrary, consider these Decrees as absolute and unconditional
Will - And he who should hope from such doubtful support as his fancied insight into the unknown operations of the divine mind to suspend a system of irrespective Decrees, embracing the moral government of the world, would but too much resemble him who should imagine the material globe adequately sustained if upheld by a chain whose highest links were wrapped in clouds and darkness. For it shows us that as, on the one side, we cannot pretend to such an insight into the nature and character of the divine knowledge as to deduce therefrom a system of eternal and irrespective Decrees; so neither, on the other, can this system of moral government be ascribed to the Deity, because it would be manifestly unworthy, not merely of him who has created all moral excellence, but of any of those beings on whom he has conferred the most ordinary degrees of mercy and justice
Apostles - Paul and Timothy distributed the Decrees of the apostles and elders to the Gentile churches (Acts 16:4 )
Hopkinsians - The Hopkinsians warmly contend for the doctrine of the divine Decrees, that of particular election, total depravity, the special influences of the Spirit of God in regeneration, justification by faith alone, the final perseverance of the saints, and the consistency between entire freedom and absolute dependence; and therefore claim it as their just due, since the world will make distinctions, to be called Hopkinsian Calvinists
Georgius (43), Patron Saint of England - It is strange that, notwithstanding the Decrees of Rome and Constantinople, this Arian corruption became the basis of all subsequent legends, and even found its way into the hymns of St
Clovis, King of Salian Franks - ...
Early in 511 Clovis summoned a council of 32 bishops to Orleans (see Decrees ap
Hopkinsians - The Hopkinsians warmly advocate the doctrine of the divine Decrees, not only particular election, but also reprobation; they hold also the total depravation of human nature, the special influences of the Spirit of God in regeneration, justification by faith alone, the final perseverance of the saints, and the consistency between entire freedom and absolute dependence; and therefore claim it as their just due, since the world will make distinctions, to be called Hopkinsian Calvinists
Joannes ii, Bishop of Jerusalem - of his Liber de Arbitrii Libertate , addressed himself to John, as did also Pelagius; but John was not willing to accept without inquiry the Decrees of the council of Carthage and resented their being pressed upon him by Orosius
Apocalyptic - Life on earth is determined from heaven: Decrees are issued from the throne that affect the earth (Revelation 16:1 ; cf
Evil (2) - Josephus says of the Pharisees: ‘When they say that all things happen by fate, they do not take away from men the freedom of acting as they think fit; since their notion is that it hath pleased God to mix up the Decrees of fate and man’s will, so that man can act virtuously and viciously’ (Ant
Theodosius i., the Great - Theodosius was appealed to on all kinds of subjects by the bishops, and we find Decrees dealing with all manner of topics
Arius, Followers of - There, after declaring that the Decrees of one council cannot be revised by another, they began inconsistently to revise the Decrees of former councils, and to hurl charges against the venerated Fathers of the West, Hosius and Julius
Day of Judgment - ...
Obviously the formal concept here is that of the Oriental monarch who establishes a court of justice, and Decrees rewards and punishment. The Judgment-day is something other than the time of registering the arbitrary Decrees of God, and becomes the time when the ultimate destinies of men are determined by their actual moral conditions, these conditions including, rather than being supplanted by, faith in Jesus
Innocentius, Bishop of Rome - ) The synodal letters inform Innocent of the renewal of the condemnation of Pelagius and Coelestius pronounced five years previously at Carthage, and very respectfully request him to add the authority of the apostolical see to the Decrees of their mediocrity ("ut statutis nostrae mediocritatis etiam apostolicae sedis auctoritas adhibeatur"); setting forth the heresies condemned, and arguments against them. He commends the bishops of the Carthaginian synod for referring the matter to his judgment, as knowing what was due to the see of the apostle from whom all episcopal authority was derived; and for having observed the Decrees of the Fathers, resting on divine authority, according to which nothing done, even in remote and separated provinces, was to be considered settled till it had come to the knowledge of the Roman see and been confirmed by its authority, that all waters proceeding from the fountain of their birth, the pure streams of the uncorrupted head, might flow through the different regions of the whole world
Julius (5), Bishop of Rome - The whole drift of the letter is inconsistent with the council having been convened by the pope himself, or held in his name, or considered dependent on him for ratification of its Decrees. 49, 50) as having assented to its Decrees and signed its encyclic letter
Nehemiah, Theology of - On Mount Sinai Yahweh gave commands, Decrees, and laws (9:14)
Thessalonians, the Epistles to the - It is an undesigned coincidence confirming the authenticity of the history and of the epistles that the very charge which Jason's assailants brought against the brethren was "these do contrary to the Decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus" (Acts 17:5-9)
Ephesus - Irregular meetings of the populace were sternly prohibited (Acts 19:40) and, indeed, the powers of the lawful assembly were more and more curtailed, till at last it practically had to content itself with registering the Decrees of the Roman Senate
Popery - The following summary, extracted chiefly from the Decrees of the council of Trent, continued under Paul III
Constantius ii, Son of Constantius - After the dissolution of the council Constans still attempted to enforce the Decrees of Sardica, by requiring of his brother the restoration of Athanasius and Paulus, threatening force if it was refused (Socr
Arius the Heresiarch - The controversy recommenced as soon as the Decrees were promulgated. Meanwhile, as the historian Socrates tells us, Arius was ordered to appear before the emperor, and asked whether he was willing to sign the Nicene Decrees
Hilarius (7) Pictaviensis, Saint - Hilary and his more ardent friends were not prepared at once to refuse communion to all who had been betrayed into accepting the Riminian Decrees. That this ardent and ultra-Athanasian supporter of orthodoxy disapproved of one of the conciliatory manifestos of Hilary will be seen below; and as on another ground he had broken with Eusebius and was opposed to all communion with any who had accepted the Decrees of Rimini, he could not have viewed their career with satisfaction
Revelation, Book of - Yet as late as 692 a Synod could publish two Decrees, the one including the Apocalypse in the Canon, the other excluding it
Priest, Priesthood - " The next verse introduces the matter of administration of the Mosaic law: "you must teach the Israelites all the Decrees the Lord has given them through Moses" (10:11)
Church Government - We know that there was collision between the Divine commands and the Decrees of the Sanhedrin, and that of course it was the latter that were disobeyed (Acts 4:19; Acts 5:29; Acts 5:32)
the Importunate Widow - Now you would all like to be assured, would you not, that you are among God's elect? You would all like to get a glimpse, for a moment, into the book of God's Decrees, so as to read your name there
Euchites - of Lycaonia and Pamphylia, obtained from the council a confirmation of the Decrees made against the Euchites at Constantinople in 426 and the anathematization of the Messalian book, Asceticus , passages from which Valerian laid before the synod (Mansi, iv
Vigilius, Bishop of Rome - ...
Vigilius soon changed sides once more, assenting to the Decrees of the council, and thus giving them at length the sanction of the Roman see
Hosius (1), a Confessor Under Maximian - The very first canon, indeed, Decrees that adults who have sacrificed to idols have committed a capital crime and can never again be received into communion. Though we cannot trace the hand of Hosius in the composition of these canons, yet as he was a leading member of the synod, its Decrees would doubtless be in harmony with his convictions
Dioscorus (1), Patriarch of Alexandria - The reading went on; at the letter giving Dioscorus the presidency, he remarked that Juvenal, and Thalassius of Caesarea, were associated with him, that the synod had gone with him, and that Theodosius had confirmed its Decrees. When the reader came to Dioscorus's words, "I examine the Decrees of the Fathers" (councils), Eusebius said, "See, he said, 'I examine'; and I do the same
Leo i, the Great - ), one of the most justly celebrated of pontifical Decrees nominally a letter to an individual bishop, but really addressed to all the world, Western as well as Eastern. At the same time a large number of the bishops who had been induced by fear to assent to the Decrees of the Ephesine synod (by July 451 almost all) had testified their sorrow, and, though by the decision of the papal legates not yet admitted to the communion of Rome, were allowed the privileges of their own churches; Eutyches was banished, though not far enough to satisfy Leo, and everywhere "the light of the Catholic faith was shining forth" ( Epp
Ezra, the Book of - So the letters and royal Decrees in the first Chaldee portion, Ezra 4:8-6:18; and Artaxerxes' edict, the second Chaldee portion, Ezra 7:12-26
Cup - ποτήρια, he says, are amongst the things subject to ‘washings’ (βαπτισμοί)—which washings I were not such as simple cleanliness required, but were prescribed by the Decrees ‘intended to separate the Jew from all contact with the Gentiles
Hormisdas, Bishop of Rome - Accordingly they were to accept the Decrees of Chalcedon and the "tome" of pope Leo, and also all letters on religion he had ever written; and not only to anathematize Nestorius, Eutyches, Dioscorus, Timothy Aelurus, Peter Fullo, and Acacius, with all their followers, but also exclude from their diptychs all who had been "sequestrated from catholic communion," which is explained to mean communion with the apostolic see
Seceders - They believe that the holy Scriptures are the sole criterion of truth, and the only rule to direct mankind to glorify and enjoy God, the chief and eternal good; and that "the supreme Judge, by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all the Decrees of councils, opinions of ancient writers, doctrines of men and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the Holy Spirit speaking in the Scriptures
Epiphanius, Bishop of Salamis - This Chrysostom gently declined, with a reference to the synod about to be holden; whereupon Epiphanius at once assembled the many bishops already gathered at Constantinople, and required them all to subscribe the Decrees of his own provincial council against the writings of Origen
Ibas, Bishop of Edessa - He engaged to publicly anathematize Nestorius and all who thought with him on his return, and declared the identity of his doctrine with that agreed upon by John and Cyril, and that he accepted the Decrees of Ephesus equally with those of Nicaea as due to the inspiration of the Holy Spirit
Ethics - Thus, “If you follow my Decrees and are careful to obey my commands” (Leviticus 26:3 NIV); or “Whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable—if anything is excellent or praiseworthy—think about such things
Incarnation - If the NT writers really believed, as has been maintained above, that Christ was a Person who was perfectly human and who was also Divine, there is nothing in the dogmatic Decrees of the 4th and 5th centuries which asserts more than this
Leviticus, Theology of - 10); and (3) "teach the Israelites all the Decrees the Lord has given them through Moses" (v
God, Names of - It designates God as the regnant God (Psalm 103:19-21 ), the enthroned God whose royal Decrees will carry the day (Isaiah 14:24 ; Jeremiah 25:27 )
Magi - That the effect did not terminate in Cyrus, we know; for, from the book of Ezra, it appears that both Darius and Artaxerxes made Decrees in favour of the Jews, in which Jehovah has the emphatic appellation repeatedly given to him, "the God of heaven," the very terms used by Cyrus himself
Talmud - Originally it was used in the plural form Halakhoth , which had reference to the multifarious civil and ritual laws, customs, Decrees etc
Justification - of the ‘Decrees’ of Trent is that of A
Fire - He sends His angels to execute His Decrees upon men
Word - With God's powerful display of redeeming Israel from Egypt in view, God gave these Decrees, laws, and commands to serve as an abiding written record to his person, presence, and ways before Israel and the nations (Deuteronomy 4:5-8,32-40 )
Acts of the Apostles - For instance, in " translation="">Acts 15:28 the Latin text interpolates the Golden Rule into the Apostolic Decrees
Baxterianism - Augustine, yet basing them upon the antecedent will of God and conditional Decrees
Transubstantiation - He was, however, encountered by a host of opponents, numbers of whom possessed the highest situations in the church: and the church itself, either from having perceived that the doctrine which he laboured to confute was grateful to the people, or, what is more likely, tended to exalt the powers and to increase the influence and wealth of the priesthood, declared against him, various councils having been assembled, and having pronounced their solemn Decrees in condemnation of what he taught
Kingdom Kingdom of God - Paul, in the Catholic Epistles, or in Hebrews is the term applied to Christ, But in Acts 17:7 the accusation is made against Christians that they acted contrary to the Decrees of Caesar, saying that there was another king, one Jesus
Prayer - ...
Prayer is in Scripture made one of these conditions; and if God has established it as one of the principles of his moral government to accept prayer, in every case in which he has given us authority to ask, he has not, we may be assured, entangled his actual government of the world with the bonds of such an eternal predestination of particular events, as either to reduce prayer to a mere form of words, or not to be able himself, consistently with his Decrees, to answer it, whenever it is encouraged by his express engagements
Joannes, Bishop of Antioch - They communicated its Decrees as to Nestorius, but received, they asserted, no reply but insults and blows (ib
Samuel, First And Second, Theology of - ...
Perhaps the key to understanding the difference between David and Saul is found in 2 Samuel 22:21-32 where David says "I have kept the ways of the Lord" and "I have not turned away from his Decrees
Mahometanism - He constantly pretended to have received these stupendous secrets by the ministry of the Angel Gabriel, from that eternal book in which the divine Decrees have been written by the finger of the Almighty from the foundation of the world; but the learned inquirer will discover a more accessible, and a far more probable, source whence they might be derived, partly in the wild and fanciful opinions of the ancient Arabs, and chiefly in those exhaustless stores of marvellous and improbable fiction, the works of the rabbins
Covenant - As a "vassal" he was given commandments, laws, orders, regulations, requirements, and Decrees (26:4)
Koran - It is the general belief among the Mahometans that the Koran is of divine original; nay, that it is eternal and uncreated; remaining, as some express it, in the very essence of God: and the first transcript has been from everlasting, by God's throne, written on a table of vast bigness, called the preserved table, in which are also recorded the divine Decrees, past and future; that a copy from this table, in one volume upon paper, was by the ministry of the angel Gabriel sent down to the lowest heaven, in the month of Ramadan, on the night of power, from whence Gabriel revealed it to Mahomet in parcels, some at Mecca, and some at Medina, at different times, during the space of twenty-three years, as the exigency of affairs required; giving him, however, the consolation to show him the whole (which they tell us was bound in silk, and adorned with gold and precious stones of paradise) once a year; but in the last year of his life he had the favour to see it twice
Eusebius (60), Bishop of Nicomedia - So far from opposing any of the Decrees enacted in your holy synod, we assent to all of them—not because we are wearied of exile, but because we wish to avert all suspicion of heresy
Reformation - The council of Trent, in the mean time, promulgated their Decrees; while the reformed princes, in the diet of Ratisbon, protested against their authority, and were on that account prescribed by the emperor, who raised an army to reduce them to obedience
Gregorius (14) Nazianzenus, Bishop of Sasima And of Constantinople - of Constantinople, signed the Decrees which condemned Arius
Confession - The Decrees of the council of Trent, however, together with the creed of Pope Pius IV, are now commonly understood to be the authoritative standards of its faith and worship
Calvinism - The controversy on these difficult subjects was not decided by the Decrees of the synod of Dort, which, it will be seen under that article, were purposely drawn up in a politic and wary manner, so as to quadrate with the opinions, and not to outrage the feelings, of any grade of Calvinists
Neology - Tittman of Dresden, on the neological interpreters: "What is the interpretation of the Scriptures, if it relies not on words, but things, not on the assistance of languages, but on the Decrees of reason, that is, of modern philosophy? What is all religion, what the knowledge of divine things, what are faith and hope placed in Christ, what is all Christianity, if human reason and philosophy is the only fountain of divine wisdom, and the supreme judge in the matter of religion? What is the doctrine of Christ and the Apostles more than some philosophical system? But what, then, I pray you, is, to deny, to blaspheme Jesus the Lord, to render his divine mission doubtful, nay, vain and useless, to impugn his doctrine, to disfigure it shamefully, to attack it, to expose it to ridicule, and, if possible, to suppress it, to remove all Christianity out of religion, and to bound religion within the narrow limits of reason alone, to deride miracles, and hold them up to derision, to accuse them as vain, to bring them into disrepute, to torture sacred Scripture into seeming agreement with the fancies of human wisdom, to alloy it with human conjectures, to bring it into contempt, and to break down its divine authority, to undermine, to shake, to overthrow utterly the foundations of Christian faith? What else can be the event than this, as all history, a most weighty witness in this matter, informs us, namely, that when sacred Scripture, its grammatical interpretation and a sound knowledge of languages are, as it were, despised and banished, all religion should be contemned, shaken, corrupted, troubled, undermined, utterly overturned, and should be entirely removed and reduced to natural religion; or that it should end in a mystical theology, than which nothing was ever more pernicious to the Christian doctrine, and be converted into an empty μυχιλαγε , or even into a poetical system, hiding every thing in figures and fictions, to which latter system not a few of the sacred orators and theologians of our time seem chiefly inclined
Odes of Solomon - The ordinary population spoke Aramaic, and the sacred national documents were written also in Aramaic, but the official Decrees and the general regulations of the State were worded, at least at the beginning of the Christian era, in Greek
Nestorius And Nestorianism - He afterwards yielded to pressure, submitted to the Decrees of the council, and was released from captivity, but died on his way back to Rome
Mahometanism - The Mahometans divide their religion into two general parts, faith and practice, of which the first is divided into six distinct branches: Belief in God, in his angels, in his Scriptures, in his prophets, in the resurrection and final judgment, and in God's absolute Decrees