Greek / Hebrew | Translation | Occurance |
---|---|---|

אַמָּ֣ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 4 |

וְאַמָּ֤ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 3 |

בָּֽאַמָּ֔ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 3 |

אַמָּ֨ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

וְאַמָּה־ | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

אַמָּ֖ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

אַמָּה֙ | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

וְאַמָּ֥ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

וְאַמָּ֣ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

וְאַמָּה֙ | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

הָֽאַמָּ֔ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 2 |

הָאַמָּ֗ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

הָאַמָּֽה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

הָאַמָּ֜ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

אַמָּ֥ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

אַמָּ֜ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

בָּֽאַמָּה֙ | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

וְאַמָּ֨ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

וְהָאַמָּ֨ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

בְּאַמַּת־ | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

הָאַמָּ֛ה | cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) | 1 |

גֹּ֣מֶד | cubit. | 1 |

5m).

There are several cubits used in the OT, the Cubit of a man or common Cubit (Dt 3.

11), the legal Cubit or Cubit of the sanctuary (Eze 40.

5) plus others.

See a Bible Dictionary for a complete treatment.

.

(1):
(n.) The forearm; the ulna, a bone of the arm extending from elbow to wrist.
(2):
(n.) A measure of length, being the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger.

A rod or staff the measure of a cubit is called in Judges 3:16 Gomed , which literally means a "cut," something "cut off." The LXX. and Vulgate render it "span."

A unit of measure. It was reckoned as the distance from a person's elbow to the tip of the middle finger, approximately eighteen inches. See Weights and Measures .

CUBIT . See Weights and Measures.

Many efforts have been made to ascertain the length of this measure, from which others could be calculated. Its name signifies that it was the measure of a man's arm from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. Of course this would vary in different persons, and some measure would have to be taken as a standard. In the Palestine Exploration this subject has not been lost sight of. Many tombs have been measured, but they give no definite result. The inscription found in the Siloam tunnel states the length of the tunnel to be 1,200 cubits, as read by Major Conder; but 1,000 cubits as interpreted by Professor Sayce. Doubtless only a round number is intended. Its length has been found to be 1,750 feet; which makes the cubit by the two interpretations, 17.5 or 21 inches. There are however many other measurements that seem to give a cubit of 16 inches. Many of the ancient stones in the base of the temple area, the breadth of the pilasters found in the north-western corner of the area, together with their distances apart, and also the Galilean synagogues, all give a measure of 16 inches. 'Quarterly Statement,' Jan., 1894.
In Ezekiel 41:8 we read of a 'great cubit,' and in the commencement of the description of the future temple the reed is described as being "six cubits long by the cubit and a handbreadth." Ezekiel 40:5 . This agrees with the former passage which speaks of 'a full reed of six great cubits.' From this we gather that there was an ordinary cubit, and a great cubit, the difference being a handbreadth, which is accounted to be the same as the palm, a sixth of a cubit. In Deuteronomy 3:11 we find a cubit 'after the cubit of a man;' and in 2 Chronicles 3:3 , a cubit 'after the first measure,' or 'former' or 'older' measure. From these passages it is clear that there were different measures called the cubit. The 16 inches above named may have been the shortest, but what was the length of the longest is quiteuncertain. See WEIGHTSand MEASURES.

CUBIT.—See Age, and Weights and Measures.

CUBIT, n. L., the elbow signifying a turn or corner Gr.
1. In anatomy, the fore arm the ulna, and bone of the arm from the elbow to the wrist. 2. In mensuration, the length of a mans arm from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger. The cubit among the ancients was of a different length among different nations. Dr. Arbuthnot states the Roman cubit at seventeen inches and four tenths the cubit of the scriptures at a little less than 22 inches and the English cubit at 18 inches.

The cubit was a measure used among the Eastern nations, containing about eighteen inches of our English measure. The Hebrews, by a very singular idea, called it Ammah; that is, mother: as if other measures were produced by this.

a measure used among the ancients. The Hebrews call it אמה , the mother of other measures: in Greek πηχυς . A cubit originally was the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger: this is the fourth part of a well proportioned man's stature. The common cubit is eighteen inches. The Hebrew cubit, according to Bishop Cumberland and M. Pelletier, is twenty-one inches; but others fix it at eighteen inches. The Talmudists observe, that the Hebrew cubit was larger by one quarter than the Roman. Lewis Capellus and others have asserted that there were two sorts of cubits among the Hebrews: one sacred, the other common; the sacred containing three feet, the common containing a foot and a half. Moses assigns to the Levites a thousand sacred cubits of land round about their cities, Numbers 35:4 ; and in the next verse he gives them two thousand common ones. The opinion, however, is very probable, that the cubit varied in different districts and cities, and at different times, &c.

A measure used among the ancients. A cubit was originally the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger, which is the fourth part of a well-proportioned man's stature. The Hebrew cubit, according to some, is twenty-one inches; but others fix it at eighteen. The Talmudists observe that the Hebrew cubit was larger by one quarter than the Roman.

1: πῆχυς (Strong's #4083 — Noun Masculine — pechus — pay'-khoos ) denotes the forearm, i.e., the part between the hand and the elbow-joint; hence, "a measure of length," not from the wrist to the elbow, but from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow joint, i.e., about a foot and a half, or a little less than two feet, Matthew 6:27 ; Luke 12:25 ; John 21:8 ; Revelation 21:17 .

Measurements of length recorded in the Bible were sometimes only approximate. People of Bible times, like people today, commonly estimated lengths and distances by measuring with fingers, arms or paces. The cubit was the distance from the elbow to the finger tip. It was equal to about half a pace, or a quarter of the distance between the finger tips when the arms were outstretched sideways.
The cubit became the basic unit for estimating length, depth and height (Genesis 7:20; Deuteronomy 3:11; 1 Chronicles 11:23). Where exact measurements were required, such as in the construction of buildings, people used a standard cubit equal to approximately forty-four centimetres or eighteen inches (Exodus 26:15-25; 1 Kings 6:2-6). (See also MEASUREMENT.)

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