What does Cubit mean in the Bible?

Greek / Hebrew Translation Occurance
אַמָּ֣ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 4
וְאַמָּ֤ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 3
בָּֽאַמָּ֔ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 3
אַמָּ֨ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
וְאַמָּה־ cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
אַמָּ֖ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
אַמָּה֙ cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
וְאַמָּ֥ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
וְאַמָּ֣ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
וְאַמָּה֙ cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
הָֽאַמָּ֔ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 2
הָאַמָּ֗ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
הָאַמָּֽה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
הָאַמָּ֜ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
אַמָּ֥ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
אַמָּ֜ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
בָּֽאַמָּה֙ cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
וְאַמָּ֨ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
וְהָאַמָּ֨ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
בְּאַמַּת־ cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
הָאַמָּ֛ה cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm) 1
גֹּ֣מֶד cubit. 1

Definitions Related to Cubit

H520


   1 Cubit—a measure of distance (the forearm), roughly 18 in (.
            5m).
            There are several cubits used in the OT, the Cubit of a man or common Cubit (Dt 3.
            11), the legal Cubit or Cubit of the sanctuary (Eze 40.
      5) plus others.
      See a Bible Dictionary for a complete treatment.
      .
      

H1574


   1 Cubit.
   2 (CLBL) half-Cubit—the measure between a Cubit and a span—9 in (20 cm).
   

Frequency of Cubit (original languages)

Frequency of Cubit (English)

Dictionary

Webster's Dictionary - Cubit
(1):
(n.) The forearm; the ulna, a bone of the arm extending from elbow to wrist.
(2):
(n.) A measure of length, being the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Cubit
A rod or staff the measure of a cubit is called in Judges 3:16 Gomed , which literally means a "cut," something "cut off." The LXX. and Vulgate render it "span."
Holman Bible Dictionary - Cubit
A unit of measure. It was reckoned as the distance from a person's elbow to the tip of the middle finger, approximately eighteen inches. See Weights and Measures .
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Cubit
CUBIT . See Weights and Measures.
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Cubit
Many efforts have been made to ascertain the length of this measure, from which others could be calculated. Its name signifies that it was the measure of a man's arm from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. Of course this would vary in different persons, and some measure would have to be taken as a standard. In the Palestine Exploration this subject has not been lost sight of. Many tombs have been measured, but they give no definite result. The inscription found in the Siloam tunnel states the length of the tunnel to be 1,200 cubits, as read by Major Conder; but 1,000 cubits as interpreted by Professor Sayce. Doubtless only a round number is intended. Its length has been found to be 1,750 feet; which makes the cubit by the two interpretations, 17.5 or 21 inches. There are however many other measurements that seem to give a cubit of 16 inches. Many of the ancient stones in the base of the temple area, the breadth of the pilasters found in the north-western corner of the area, together with their distances apart, and also the Galilean synagogues, all give a measure of 16 inches. 'Quarterly Statement,' Jan., 1894.
In Ezekiel 41:8 we read of a 'great cubit,' and in the commencement of the description of the future temple the reed is described as being "six cubits long by the cubit and a handbreadth." Ezekiel 40:5 . This agrees with the former passage which speaks of 'a full reed of six great cubits.' From this we gather that there was an ordinary cubit, and a great cubit, the difference being a handbreadth, which is accounted to be the same as the palm, a sixth of a cubit. In Deuteronomy 3:11 we find a cubit 'after the cubit of a man;' and in 2 Chronicles 3:3 , a cubit 'after the first measure,' or 'former' or 'older' measure. From these passages it is clear that there were different measures called the cubit. The 16 inches above named may have been the shortest, but what was the length of the longest is quiteuncertain. See WEIGHTSand MEASURES.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Cubit
CUBIT.—See Age, and Weights and Measures.
King James Dictionary - Cubit
CUBIT, n. L., the elbow signifying a turn or corner Gr.
1. In anatomy, the fore arm the ulna, and bone of the arm from the elbow to the wrist. 2. In mensuration, the length of a mans arm from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger. The cubit among the ancients was of a different length among different nations. Dr. Arbuthnot states the Roman cubit at seventeen inches and four tenths the cubit of the scriptures at a little less than 22 inches and the English cubit at 18 inches.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Cubit
The cubit was a measure used among the Eastern nations, containing about eighteen inches of our English measure. The Hebrews, by a very singular idea, called it Ammah; that is, mother: as if other measures were produced by this.
People's Dictionary of the Bible - Cubit
Cubit. Genesis 6:15. See Measures.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Cubit
a measure used among the ancients. The Hebrews call it אמה , the mother of other measures: in Greek πηχυς . A cubit originally was the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger: this is the fourth part of a well proportioned man's stature. The common cubit is eighteen inches. The Hebrew cubit, according to Bishop Cumberland and M. Pelletier, is twenty-one inches; but others fix it at eighteen inches. The Talmudists observe, that the Hebrew cubit was larger by one quarter than the Roman. Lewis Capellus and others have asserted that there were two sorts of cubits among the Hebrews: one sacred, the other common; the sacred containing three feet, the common containing a foot and a half. Moses assigns to the Levites a thousand sacred cubits of land round about their cities, Numbers 35:4 ; and in the next verse he gives them two thousand common ones. The opinion, however, is very probable, that the cubit varied in different districts and cities, and at different times, &c.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Cubit
A measure used among the ancients. A cubit was originally the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger, which is the fourth part of a well-proportioned man's stature. The Hebrew cubit, according to some, is twenty-one inches; but others fix it at eighteen. The Talmudists observe that the Hebrew cubit was larger by one quarter than the Roman.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Cubit
[1]
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words - Cubit
1: πῆχυς (Strong's #4083 — Noun Masculine — pechus — pay'-khoos ) denotes the forearm, i.e., the part between the hand and the elbow-joint; hence, "a measure of length," not from the wrist to the elbow, but from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow joint, i.e., about a foot and a half, or a little less than two feet, Matthew 6:27 ; Luke 12:25 ; John 21:8 ; Revelation 21:17 .
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Cubit
Measurements of length recorded in the Bible were sometimes only approximate. People of Bible times, like people today, commonly estimated lengths and distances by measuring with fingers, arms or paces. The cubit was the distance from the elbow to the finger tip. It was equal to about half a pace, or a quarter of the distance between the finger tips when the arms were outstretched sideways.
The cubit became the basic unit for estimating length, depth and height (Genesis 7:20; Deuteronomy 3:11; 1 Chronicles 11:23). Where exact measurements were required, such as in the construction of buildings, people used a standard cubit equal to approximately forty-four centimetres or eighteen inches (Exodus 26:15-25; 1 Kings 6:2-6). (See also MEASUREMENT.)

Sentence search

Span - Half a Cubit. A Cubit is the length of the forearm, about 18 inches. See Cubit ; Weights and Measures
Cubit - Cubit, n. The Cubit among the ancients was of a different length among different nations. Arbuthnot states the Roman Cubit at seventeen inches and four tenths the Cubit of the scriptures at a little less than 22 inches and the English Cubit at 18 inches
Cubit - A Cubit was originally the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger, which is the fourth part of a well-proportioned man's stature. The Hebrew Cubit, according to some, is twenty-one inches; but others fix it at eighteen. The Talmudists observe that the Hebrew Cubit was larger by one quarter than the Roman
Cubit - The inscription found in the Siloam tunnel states the length of the tunnel to be 1,200 Cubits, as read by Major Conder; but 1,000 Cubits as interpreted by Professor Sayce. Its length has been found to be 1,750 feet; which makes the Cubit by the two interpretations, 17. There are however many other measurements that seem to give a Cubit of 16 inches. ...
In Ezekiel 41:8 we read of a 'great Cubit,' and in the commencement of the description of the future temple the reed is described as being "six Cubits long by the Cubit and a handbreadth. This agrees with the former passage which speaks of 'a full reed of six great Cubits. ' From this we gather that there was an ordinary Cubit, and a great Cubit, the difference being a handbreadth, which is accounted to be the same as the palm, a sixth of a Cubit. In Deuteronomy 3:11 we find a Cubit 'after the Cubit of a man;' and in 2 Chronicles 3:3 , a Cubit 'after the first measure,' or 'former' or 'older' measure. From these passages it is clear that there were different measures called the Cubit
Cubital - ) Of or pertaining to the Cubit or ulna; as, the Cubital nerve; the Cubital artery; the Cubital muscle. ) Of the length of a Cubit
Cubit - Cubit
Handbreadth - Ezekiel's long Cubit was six handbreaths, one more than the common Cubit (Ezekiel 40:5 )
Cubit - A Cubit originally was the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger: this is the fourth part of a well proportioned man's stature. The common Cubit is eighteen inches. The Hebrew Cubit, according to Bishop Cumberland and M. The Talmudists observe, that the Hebrew Cubit was larger by one quarter than the Roman. Lewis Capellus and others have asserted that there were two sorts of Cubits among the Hebrews: one sacred, the other common; the sacred containing three feet, the common containing a foot and a half. Moses assigns to the Levites a thousand sacred Cubits of land round about their cities, Numbers 35:4 ; and in the next verse he gives them two thousand common ones. The opinion, however, is very probable, that the Cubit varied in different districts and cities, and at different times, &c
Cubit - Cubit
Cubited - ) Having the measure of a Cubit
Cubit - CUBIT
Gammadims - " Others from the Hebrew gomed , a Cubit, "short swordsmen"; Ehud carried a sword a Cubit long (Judges 3:16)
Cubit - The Cubit was the distance from the elbow to the finger tip. ...
The Cubit became the basic unit for estimating length, depth and height (Genesis 7:20; Deuteronomy 3:11; 1 Chronicles 11:23). Where exact measurements were required, such as in the construction of buildings, people used a standard Cubit equal to approximately forty-four centimetres or eighteen inches (Exodus 26:15-25; 1 Kings 6:2-6)
Coudee - ) A measure of length; the distance from the elbow to the end of the middle finger; a Cubit
Inch - Eighteen inches (Genesis 6:16 NIV, TEV) is the equivalent of a Cubit
Cubit - A rod or staff the measure of a Cubit is called in Judges 3:16 Gomed , which literally means a "cut," something "cut off
Ammah - A Cubit, the name of a hill which Joab and Abishai reached as the sun went down, when they were in pursuit of Abner (2 Samuel 2:24 )
Dagger - Ehud's weapon was one Cubit in length (18-22 inches), enabling him to conceal it under his cloak
Cubit - The Cubit was a measure used among the Eastern nations, containing about eighteen inches of our English measure
Weights And Measures - ...
In measures of length, all over the Ancient Near East, the standard was the Cubit , the length of the forearm from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. Israel knew two different lengths for the Cubit just as did Egypt. The common Cubit, mentioned in connection with the description of the bed of Og, king of Bashan (Deuteronomy 3:11 ), was about seventeen and a half inches. This may be deduced from the 1,200 Cubit length mentioned in the Siloam, inscription for King Hezekiah's tunnel which has been measured to yield a Cubit of this length. Ezekiel (Ezekiel 40:5 ) mentions a long Cubit consisting of a common Cubit plus a handbreadth which would yield a “royal” Cubit of about twenty and a half inches, similar to the Egyptian short and long Cubits. ...
Even figuring with the common Cubit, Goliath's height was truly gigantic at six Cubits and a span (1 Samuel 17:4 ), about nine and a half feet tall . If Solomon's Temple is figured with the common Cubit, it was about ninety-feet long, thirty-feet wide, and forty-five-feet high (1 Kings 6:2 ). The span is half a Cubit (Ezekiel 43:13 ,Ezekiel 43:13,43:17 ), or the distance between the extended thumb and little finger. If it is half the long Cubit, the span would be about ten and one-fifth inches; if half, the common Cubit was about eight and three-fourths inches. ...
The handbreadth or palm is a sixth of a Cubit, consisting of the breadth of the hand at the base of the four fingers. Larger than a Cubit was the reed, probably consisting of six common Cubits. Archaeologists have noticed several monumental buildings whose size can be calculated in round numbers of such Cubits or reeds. Summarizing on the basis of the common Cubit, linear measurements of the Old Testament were:...
Common Cubit...
1 reed...
6 Cubits...
8 ft. ...
1 Cubit...
6 handbreadths...
17. ...
Ezekiel's Cubit...
1 reed...
6 Cubits...
10 ft. ...
1 Cubit...
7 handbreadths...
20. The Cubit was probably the same as the common Cubit, since the Romans reckoned it as one and a half times the Roman foot. The stadion or furlong was a Roman measure of 400 Cubits or one eighth Roman mile
Mile - The Hebrews did not measure by the mile, but by the Cubit. Our translators of the Bible have, however, very properly, rendered the measurement by the English standard; so that a mile, in our language, corresponds to two thousand Cubits, and a furlong is the eighth part of a mile
Goliath - His height was nine feet and a half; or, if we reckon the Cubit at twenty-one inches, over eleven feet
Weights And Measures - 3000), on statues of whom a scale, indicating a Cubit of 30 digits or 19⅝ inches, has been found engraved, was not adopted by the Hebrews. Measures of Length...
The Hebrew unit was a Cubit 1 / 6 of a reed, Ezekiel 40:5 ), containing 2 spans or 6 palms or 24 finger’s breadths. Measurements were taken both by the 6-cubit rod or reed and the line or ‘fillet’ ( Ezekiel 40:3 , Jeremiah 31:39 ; Jeremiah 52:21 , 1 Kings 7:15 ). ...
The ancient Hebrew literary authorities for the early Hebrew Cubit are as follows. The ‘cubit of a man’ (Deuteronomy 3:11 ) was the unit by which the ‘bedstead’ of Og, king of Bashan, was measured (cf. This implies that at the time to which the passage belongs (apparently not long before the time of Ezekiel) the Hebrews were familiar with more than one Cubit, of which that in question was the ordinary working Cubit. Solomon’s Temple was laid out on the basis of a Cubit ‘after the first (or ancient) measure’ ( 2 Chronicles 3:3 ). Now Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 40:5 ; Ezekiel 43:13 ) prophesies the building of a Temple on a unit which he describes as a Cubit and a band’s breadth, i. 7/5 of the ordinary Cubit. As in his vision he is practically reproducing Solomon’s Temple, we may infer that Solomon’s Cubit, i. the ancient Cubit, was also 7 /5 of the ordinary Cubit of Ezekiel’s time. We thus have an ordinary Cubit of 6, and what we may call (by analogy with the Egyptian system) the royal Cubit of 7 hand’s breadths. For this double system is curiously parallel to the Egyptian, in which there was a common Cubit of 0. , which was 6 /7 of the royal Cubit of 0. ...
We have at present no means of ascertaining the exact dimensions of the Hebrew ordinary and royal Cubits. They are based on: (1) the Siloam inscription , which says: ‘The waters flowed from the outlet to the Pool 1200 Cubits,’ or, according to another reading, ‘1000 Cubits. , which yields a Cubit of 0. Some of these appear to be constructed on the basis of the Egyptian Cubit; others seem to yield Cubits of 0. The last two Cubits seem to be improbable. The measurements of another tomb (known as the Tomb of Joshua) seem to confirm the deduction of the Cubit of about 0. But the Rabbinical tradition allowed 144 barley-corns of medium size, laid side by side, to the Cubit; and it is remarkable that a recent careful attempt made on these lioes resulted in a Cubit of 17. ), which is the Egyptian common Cubit. , which differ from the Greek or Roman, is usually careful to give an equation explaining the measures to his Greek or Roman readers, while in the case of the Cubit he does not do so, but seems to regard the Hebrew and the Roman-Attic as practically the same. The Roman-Attic Cubit (1 1 /2 ft. , so that we have here a close approximation to the Egyptian common Cubit. Probably in Josephus’ time the Hebrew common Cubit was, as ascertained by the methods mentioned above, 0. No data of any value for the exact determination of the Cubit are to be obtained from this source. Four Cubits is given as the length of a loculus in a rock-cut tomb; it has been pointed out that, allowing some 2 inches for the bier, and taking 5 ft. as the average height of the Jewish body, this gives 4 Cubits = 5 ft. to the Cubit. On the Cubit in Herod’s Temple, see A. ...
The general inference from the above five sources of information is that the Jews had two Cubits, a shorter and a longer, corresponding closely to the Egyptian common and royal Cubit. 86 Cubit = 2 spans 0. 72 Reed = 6 Cubits 3. The ordinary parts of the Cubit have already been mentioned. It was explained by the commentators as a short Cubit (hence EV [4] ‘cubit’), and it has been suggested that it was the Cubit of 5 palms, which is mentioned by Rabbi Judah. The Greeks also had a short Cubit, known as the pygôn , of 5 palms, the distance from the elbow to the first joint of the fingers. The reed (= 6 Cubits) is the only definite OT multiple of the Cubit ( Ezekiel 40:5 ). ...
The Sabbath day’s journey ( Acts 1:12 ) was usually computed at 2000 Cubits. The distance was doubled by a legal fiction: on the eve of the Sabbath, food was placed at a spot 2000 Cubits on, and this new place thus became the traveler’s place within the meaning of the prescription of Exodus 16:29 ; there were also other means of increasing the distance. of Olives was distant a Sabbath day’s journey from Jerusalem, and the same distance is given by Josephus as 5 stadia , thus confirming the 2000 Cubits computation. But in the Talmud the Sabbath day’s journey is equated to the mil of 3000 Cubits or 7 1 /2 furlongs; and the measure ‘threescore furlongs’ of Luke 24:13 , being an exact multiple of this distance, seems to indicate that this may have been one form (the earlier?) of the Sabbath day’s journey. The Cubit = 1 1 / 2 feet = 6 palms. The pace = 2 Cubits = 3 feet = 12 palms. The fathom = 2 paces = 4 Cubits = 6 feet. The reed = 1 1 /2 fathoms = 6 Cubits = 9 feet = 36 palms. The plethron = 10 reeds = 15 fathoms = 30 paces = 60 Cubits = 90 feet. The stadium or furlong = 6 plethora = 60 reeds = 100 fathoms = 200 paces = 400 Cubits = 600 feet. ...
( b ) The million ‘according to the present use’ = 7 1 /2 stadia = 750 fathoms = 1500 paces = 3000 Cubits. ...
We may justifiably assume that the 3000 Cubits of 9 ( b ) are the royal Cubits of 0. 11 Cubit 0. Although definite authority is lacking, we may perhaps equate the Hebrew yoke of land to the Egyptian unit of land measure, which was 100 royal Cubits square (0. This measure ‘ house of two seahs ’ is the standard of measurement in the Mishna, and is defined as the area of the court of the Tabernacle, or 100×50 Cubits (c
Goliath - His height was "six Cubits and a span," which, taking- the Cubit at 18 inches, would make him 9½ feet high
Lintel - The entrance was four Cubits broad, including the projecting doorposts, and each of the two wings of the folding doors about a Cubit and a half broad, reckoning the projecting framework on either side at half a Cubit in breadth
Table of Showbread - For the tabernacle it was two Cubits in length, one Cubit in breadth, and a Cubit and a half in height
Mile - The ancient Hebrews had neither miles, furlongs, nor feet, but only the Cubit, the reed, and the line. The rabbins make a mile to consist of two thousand Cubits, and four miles make a parasang
Ark of Noah - ...
Its proportions were to be 300 Cubits long, 50 Cubits broad, and 30 Cubits high. If the Cubit be taken at 18 inches, its length would have been 450 feet, its breadth 75 feet and its height 45 feet. If the Cubit used had been 21 inches, the dimensions would be one-sixth larger. In Genesis 6:16 , after speaking of the window, it says, "and in a Cubit shalt thou finish it above;" it is a question whether this refers to the size of the window or whether the word 'it' refers to the ark. It has been said that the feminine suffix, which is rendered 'it' cannot refer to the word window, which is masculine: so that it is possible the Cubit refers to the roof; that the middle of the roof should be raised, giving a Cubit for the pitch of the roof
Altars of the Tabernacle - It was of setim wood covered with plates of brass, the whole structure filled with rocks and earth, and measured 5 Cubits square and 3 in height. It measured 1 Cubit in length, as much in breadth, and 2 Cubits in height, and was of setim wood overlaid with gold
Weights And Measures - —The unit of linear measurement in earlier Biblical times was the Cubit (אַמָּה). The Cubit did not, however, remain a fixed unit throughout. Ezekiel 43:13) we learn that two standards of measurement called Cubits had come into use, and were employed in the prophet’s day, and that these differed by one hand’s breadth. The common Cubit was six hand-breadths in length, the sacred Cubit, seven. Conder (Handbook of the Bible) finds the Cubit to be 16 in. Accordingly, the consensus of the most recent investigation may be safely taken to fix the value of the Cubit in inches at between 17. 5 + may be accepted as the approximate value of the common Cubit among the Israelites. Upon this basis the longer Cubit of Ezekiel 40:5 was Ezekiel 20:6 in. This result coincides with the Egyptian metrological system, and it appears probable that, being introduced from Egypt as the equivalent of the royal Egyptian measure of the name, the Cubit was gradually reduced until in Ezekiel’s day the shorter form of it had been definitely fixed. This, then, persisted up to NT times, and was identified with the Roman Cubitus of a little less than 17. † [3]7 ...
The subdivisions of the Cubit were the span, equalling half a Cubit; the palm or hand-breadth, one-sixth of a Cubit; and the digit or finger-breadth, one twenty-fourth of a Cubit. The multiples in common use were the fathom, consisting of four Cubits, and the reed, of six Cubits. ...
Cubit. 75...
in...
Cubit. 5...
in...
In the Gospels the Cubit is mentioned in Matthew 6:27, Luke 12:25, and John 21:8. Lengths less than that of the Cubit are not alluded to. ), or 400 Cubits. 5 Greek stadia (furlongs), or 3000 Cubits (1700 yds
Weights And Measures - Hence arises the difficulty of determining the ratio of the foot to the Cubit , (The Hebrew word for the Cubit (ammah ) appears to have been of Egyptian origin, as some of the measures of capacity (the hin and ephah ) certainly were. ( Exodus 28:16 ; 1 Samuel 17:4 ; Ezekiel 43:13 ) and figuratively (Isaiah 40:12 ) The data for determining the actual length of the Mosaic Cubit involve peculiar difficulties, and absolute certainty seems unattainable. The following, however, seem the most probable conclusions: First, that three Cubits were used in the times of the Hebrew monarchy, namely : (1) The Cubit of a man, (3:11) or the common Cubit of Canaan (in contradistinction to the Mosaic Cubit) of the Chaldean standard; (2) The old Mosaic or legal Cubit , a handbreadth larger than the first, and agreeing with the smaller Egyptian Cubit; (3) The new Cubit , which was still larger, and agreed with the larger Egyptian Cubit, of about 20. Second, that the ordinary Cubit of the Bible did not come up to the full length of the Cubit of other countries. The reed ( kaneh ), for measuring buildings (like the Roman decempeda ), was to 6 Cubits. Neapolis formed the first stage out of Jerusalem according to the former and Beeroth according to the latter computation, (a) The Sabbath day's journey of 2000 Cubits, (Acts 1:12 ) is peculiar to the New Testament, and arose from a rabbinical restriction. " (Exodus 16:29 ) An exception was allowed for the purpose of worshipping at the tabernacle; and, as 2000 Cubits was the prescribed space to be kept between the ark and the people as well as the extent of the suburbs of the Levitical cities on every side, (Numbers 35:5 ) this was taken for the length of a Sabbath-day's journey measured front the wall of the city in which the traveller lived. Computed from the value given above for the Cubit, the Sabbath-day's journey would be just six tenths of a mile . For estimating area, and especially land there is no evidence that the Jews used any special system of square measures but they were content to express by the Cubit the length and breadth of the surface to be measured ( Numbers 35:4,5 ; Ezekiel 40:27 ) or by the reed
Goliath - "Six Cubits and a span. " So that supposing what is the common allowed measure of the Cubit to have been, "one and twenty inches," and that a span was half a Cubit, this man was eleven feet and four inches high
Weights And Measures - ...
Cubit, ammah, πῆχυς (2 spans) …………… 18. ...
Fathom, ὀργυιά (4Cubits) ………………… 6. ...
Reed, qaneh, (6 Cubits) ……………………. ...
Furlong, στάδιον (400 Cubits) ……………. ...
Sabbath-day's journey (2000 Cubits) ……. ...
Mile, μίλιον (3,200 Cubits) ………………. ...
The above measures are calculated from the Cubit being the same as the Hebrew ammah and the Greek πῆχυς, which latter is found in Matthew 6:27 ; Luke 12:25 ; John 21:8 ; Revelation 21:17 . This may be called the short Cubit (perhaps not the shortest: See Cubit). In Ezekiel 41:8 is the expression, 'a full reed of six great Cubits. ' The 'great Cubit ' is supposed to be a Cubit and a handbreadth. By adding a sixth to any of the above measurements they will correspond to the great Cubit
Goliath - His height was six Cubits and a span, about 8ft. by the shortest Cubit
Goli'Ath - (2:20,21; 2 Samuel 21:22 ) His height was "six Cubits and a span," which taking the Cubit at 21 inches, would make him 10 1/2 feet high
Knop - ...
(2) Ρeqaiym (1 Kings 6:18; 1 Kings 7:24), gourd-like oval ornaments running in straight rows, carved in the cedar wainscot of the temple interior, and an ornament cast round the great" sea" below the brim; in double row, ten to a Cubit, two inches from center to center (1 Kings 6:18; 1 Kings 7:24)
Fathom - In tables of length it appears = 4 Cubits = 6 feet. The actual measurement thus depends on the length of the Cubit or foot
the Altar of Incense - It was in length and in breadth 1 Cubit, and in height 2 Cubits. In the temple described by Ezekiel the altar of incense is 2 Cubits in length, and 3 Cubits in height
Ehud - At length Ehud, by a stratagem, put Eglon to death with a two-edged dagger a Cubit long, and routed the Moabites at the fords of the Jordan, putting 10,000 of them to death
Measure - " (b) Ammah, Jeremiah 51:13 , usually "cubit
Ark - The form of the Ark was an oblong, with a flat bottom, and a sloped roof, raised to a Cubit in the middle; it had neither sails nor rudder; nor was it sharp at the ends for cutting the water. The length of this ark was 300 Cubits, which according to Dr. Arbuthnot's calculation, amount to a little more than 547 feet; its breadth, 50 Cubits, or 54-72 feet; and its solid contents 2, 730-782 solid feet, sufficient for a carriage for 81, 062 ton
Ark of Noah - There is no mention of windows in the side, but "above," probably in the roof, where Noah was commanded to make them of a Cubit in height, Genesis 5:16 8:13 . ...
The dimensions of the ark, taking the Cubit as eighteen inches, were 450 feet in length, 75 in breadth and 45 in height
Goliath - His height was "six Cubits and a span," which, taking the Cubit at 21 inches, is equal to 10 1/2 feet
Acre - "The Egyptian land measure," says Wilkinson, "was the aroura, or arura, a square of 100 Cubits, covering an area of 10,000 Cubits . It contained 29,184 square English feet (the Cubit being full 20-1/2 inches) and was little more than three quarters of an English acre
Frontlets - They were then "rolled up in a case of black calfskin, which was attached to a stiffer piece of leather, having a thong one finger broad and one Cubit and a half long
Breastplate (1) - It was made of an oblong piece of richly wrought linen, which, folded in two, formed a square of half a Cubit, or 9 inches, in the side
Sabbath Day's Journey - As they followed the priests bearing the ark of the covenant, they must maintain a distance of 2,000 Cubits from it. Rabbis eventually interpreted these commands as limiting Sabbath travel to 2,000 Cubits. The length of the Cubit depended on who was counting. Thus, 2,000 Cubits could be from 3,000 to 3,600 feet, somewhat more than a half mile
Veil - ...
A difficulty is occasioned by the fact that there appear to have been in Herod’s Temple not one but two veils between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies, each representing a surface of the wall one Cubit thick, which in Solomon’s Temple separated the two places. 1 the high priest on the Day of Atonement leaves the Holy Place by the south end of the outer veil, walks northwards down the Cubit space between the two veils, and enters the sanctuary by the north end of the inner veil. This Cubit space is in Middoth iv
Veil - ...
A difficulty is occasioned by the fact that there appear to have been in Herod’s Temple not one but two veils between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies, each representing a surface of the wall one Cubit thick, which in Solomon’s Temple separated the two places. 1 the high priest on the Day of Atonement leaves the Holy Place by the south end of the outer veil, walks northwards down the Cubit space between the two veils, and enters the sanctuary by the north end of the inner veil. This Cubit space is in Middoth iv
Measures - A Cubit, the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger, or about eighteen inches. The different expressions used in the Old Testament about this measure—such as "after the Cubit of a man," Deuteronomy 3:11; "after the first measure," 2 Chronicles 3:3; "a great Cubit," Ezekiel 41:8—show that it varied. The measuring-reed, Ezekiel 42:16, comprised six Cubits, or from ten to eleven feet, and the measuring-line, Zechariah 2:1, a hundred and forty-six feet
Sheep - Aristotle mentions Syrian sheep with tails a Cubit wide
Phylacteries - They then were put upon a square bit of the same leather, whence hung a throng of the same, of about a finger's breadth and a Cubit and a half long
Trumpet - Josephus says, that these trumpets were near a Cubit long; and had a tube, or pipe, of the thickness of a common flute
Temple - ...
The Temple proper was an oblong building, 60 Cubits in length by 20 in breadth (1 Kings 6:2 ), with a porch in front, facing eastwards, of the same width as the main building and 10 Cubits in depth. But inasmuch as Ezekiel, the Temple of whose vision is in all essential points a replica of that of Solomon, gives 6 Cubits as the thickness of its walls ( Ezekiel 41:5 ), except the walls of the porch, which were 5 Cubits thick ( Ezekiel 40:48 ), those of the first Temple are usually assumed to have been of the same dimensions. Less they could scarcely have been, if, as will presently appear, rebatements of three Cubits in all have to be allowed in the lower half, since a thickness of three Cubits in the upper half seems necessary, in view of the thrust of a heavy roof of 20 Cubits’ span. The anterior chamher, termed the hçkâl , and corresponding to the holy place in the Tabernacle, measured 40 Cubits by 20, being twice as large as the inner chamber, the dĕbîr (EV [7] ‘ oracle ’) or most holy place , which was only 20 Cubits by 20 ( 1 Kings 6:20 ). The latter in fact formed a perfect cube, since its height was also 20 Cubits, as compared with that of ‘the holy place,’ which was 30 Cubits ( 1 Kings 6:2 ). Assuming that this was also the height of the porch, the whole building, we may conjecture, was covered by a flat roof of uniform height throughout, leaving an empty space 10 Cubits in height over the inner chamber. ...
On all sides, except the front which was occupied by the porch, the Temple proper was surrounded by a lateral building of three storeys, the whole 15 Cubits high (so the emended text of 1 Kings 6:11 ), each storey containing a number of small chambers for storage purposes. The beams forming the floors and ceilings of these side chambers were not let into the Temple wall, but were supported by making three successive rebatements of a Cubit each in the wall ( 1 Kings 6:6 ). The chambers accordingly increased a Cubit in width in each storey, from 5 in the lowermost storey to 6 and 7 in those above. ...
The question of the area covered by the complete building now described has usually been answered hitherto by a reference to Ezekiel’s Temple, which was exactly 100 Cubits by 50. The present writer is convinced that the prophet has not only increased the depth of the porch from 10 to 12 Cubits (Ezekiel 40:49 LXX
In the existing uncertainty as to the length of the Cubit employed by Solomon’s architects, it is impossible to translate these dimensions into feet and inches with mathematical exactness. If the long Cubit of c. A serious objection to this adoption of the longer Cubit, which was not foreseen when the art. These are numerically the same as those of the first Temple, but the Cubit employed in the 1st cent was the short Cubit of 17. Now, it is certain that the actual dimensions of Herod’s Temple were not less than those of Solomon’s , as they would be if the Cubits were in the ratio of 6 to 7. ...
The inner chamber of the Temple was separated from ‘the holy place,’ as has already been shown, by a partition wall, presumably of stone, which we have assumed above to have been a Cubit in thickness. In the centre of the chamber, facing the entrance (
2 Chronicles 3:13 ), stood two cherubim figures of olive wood, each 10 Cubits high, with outstretched wings. The latter measured 10 Cubits from tip to tip, so that the two sets of wings reached from the north to the south wall of ‘the most holy place’ ( 1 Kings 6:23-28 ). the ‘brazen altar’ 1 Kings 8:64 ), 20 Cubits in length and breadth and 10 in height ( 2 Chronicles 4:1 ). This was the brazen sea ( 1 Kings 7:23-26 , 2 Chronicles 4:2-5 ), a large circular basin or tank of bronze, 10 Cubits ‘from brim to brim’ and 5 in depth, with the enormous capacity of 2000 baths, or more than 16,000 gallons
Likeness - 4:3 the word represents the “shape” of a bronze statue: “And under it was the similtude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a Cubit, compassing the sea round about
Ark - If the Cubit be reckoned at 21 inches, the dimensions of the ark were 525 feet in length, 87 feet 6 inches in breadth, 52 feet 6 Inches in height. Light was to be admitted by a window, not improbably a sky-light, a Cubit broad, extending the whole length of the ark. It appears to have been an oblong chest of shittim (acacia) wood, two and a half Cubits long, by one and a half broad and deep
Mem'Phis - The sacred Cubit until other symbols used in measuring the rise of the Nile were deposited in the temple of Serapis
Thomas Apameensis, Bishop of Apamea - The panic-stricken people entreated their bishop to strengthen them to meet their fate by displaying a piece of the true cross, a Cubit in length, which was treasured in their church in a casket richly decorated with gold and gems, and usually shewn to the faithful but once a year
Frontlets - " These four little pieces of parchment are fastened together, and a square formed of them, on which the letter ש is written; then a little square of hard calf's skin is put upon the top, out of which come two leathern strings an inch wide, and a Cubit and a half, or thereabouts, in length
Fitches - The gith was called by the Greeks μελανθιον , and by the Latins nigella; and is thus described by Ballester: "It is a plant commonly met with in gardens, and grows to a Cubit in height, and sometimes more, according to the richness of the soil
Ephod - In the time of Josephus, it was a Cubit of the larger size in length, and was furnished with sleeves
Altar - It was twenty Cubits long, twenty wide, and ten high. Josephus says that the altar which in his time was in the temple was of rough stones, fifteen Cubits high, forty long, and forty wide. It was a Cubit long, a Cubit broad, and two Cubits high. In Moses's days it was five Cubits square, and three high: but it was greatly enlarged in the days of Solomon, being twenty Cubits square, and ten in height. It was two Cubits long, one wide, and one and a half in height
Laver - Solomon's "molten sea" was made of the copper captured from Tibhath and Chun, cities of Hadarezer king of Zobah (1 Chronicles 18:8), five Cubits high, ten diameter, 30 circumference; one hand-breadth thick; containing 3,000 baths according to Chronicles, but 2,000 in Kings; 2,000 is probably correct, Chronicles reading is a transcriber's error. A double row of gourds ("knops"), 5 + 5 or 10 in each Cubit, ran below the brim
Wall - The goal was to force a breach wide enough for the troops to enter into the city; “And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred Cubits [1]” (2 Kings 14:13). ...
Chômâh also referred to any “wall,” whether around buildings or parts of the city such as the temple precincts: “And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about, and in the man’s hand a measuring reed of six Cubits long by the Cubit and a handbreadth: so he measured the breadth of the building, one reed; and the height, one reed” ( Jericho - The spring, ain es-Sultan, issues some 30,000 Cubit feet of water daily which falls about 160 feet in the first mile of its course down many channels to the Jordan River six miles away, irrigating about 2,500 acres
Frontlets - calfskin, attached to a stiffer leather, having a thong one finger broad and one Cubit and a half long. ...
Hebrew: "they must be read standing in the morning, when blue can be distinguished from green, sitting in the evening from sunset; both hands must be used in writing them; the leather must have no hole; the wearer must not approach within four Cubits of a cemetery," etc
Right Hand - 3:16 the word is used of one’s thigh (literally, “thigh of the right hand”): “But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a Cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh
Tabernacle - There were ten curtains, twenty-eight Cubits long, and four in breadth. There were forty-eight large planks, each a Cubit and a half wide, and ten Cubits high; twenty of them on each side, and six at one end to the westward; each plank was supported by two silver bases; they were let into one another, and held by bars running the length of the planks. The holy of holies was parted from the rest of the tabernacle by a curtain, made fast to four pillars standing ten Cubits from the end. The whole length of the tabernacle was thirty-two Cubits, that is, about fifty feet; and the breadth twelve Cubits, or nineteen feet. The end was thirty Cubits high; the upper curtain hung on the north and south sides eight Cubits, and on the east and west four Cubits. The court was a place a hundred Cubits long, and fifty in breadth, inclosed by twenty columns, each of them twenty Cubits high, and ten in breadth, covered with silver, and standing on copper bases, five Cubits distant from each other, between which there were curtains drawn, and fastened with hooks. At the east end was an entrance twenty Cubits wide, covered with a curtain hanging loose
Altar - It as five Cubits in length, the same in breadth, and three Cubits high. The altar erected by Herod in front of the temple was 15 Cubits in height and 50 Cubits in length and breadth. In shape it was square, being a Cubit in length and breadth and two Cubits in height
Altar - It was five Cubits in length, the same in breadth, and three Cubits high. The altar erected by Herod in front of the temple was 16 Cubits in height and 50 Cubits in length and breadth. In shape it was square, being a Cubit fn length and breadth and two Cubits in height
Altar - It was a hollow square, 5 Cubits in length and in breadth, and 3 Cubits in height. It was 1 Cubit in length and breadth, and 2 Cubits in height
Tables of Measures Weights And Money in the Bible - Exodus 28:16,...
9 52/100...
2 spans = 1 Cubit. Genesis 6:15,...
4 Cubits=1 fathom. Acts 27:28,...
6 Cubits = 1 Teed
Ark - Noah's ark, a building of gopher-wood, and covered with pitch, 300 Cubits long, 50 Cubits broad, and 30 Cubits high (Genesis 6:14-16 ); an oblong floating house of three stories, with a door in the side and a window in the roof. It was made of acacia or shittim wood, a Cubit and a half broad and high and two Cubits long, and covered all over with the purest gold
Tabernacle - This is described as a rectangular enclosure in the centre of the camp, measuring 100 Cubits from east to west and half that amount from south to north. If the shorter Cubit of, say, 18 inches (for convenience of reckoning) be taken as the unit of measurement, this represents an area of approximately 50 yards by 25, a ratio of 2:1. ]'>[9] ‘ hangings ’) of ‘fine twined linen’ 5 Cubits in height, suspended, like the screen, at equal intervals of 5 Cubits from pillars standing in sockets (EV [7] ‘shittim’) the only wood employed in the construction of the Tabernacle 5 Cubits in length and breadth, and 3 in height, overlaid with what must, for reasons of transport, have been a comparatively thin sheathing of bronze. ...
The ten curtains of the dwelling ( mishkân ), each 28 Cubits by 4, are to be of the finest linen, adorned with inwoven tapestry figures of cherubim in violet, purple, and scarlet (see Colours). ]'>[7] ‘ taches ’) and loops , so as to form one large surface 40 (10×4) Cubits by 28 (7×4), ‘for the dwelling shall be one’ ( Exodus 26:8 ). The first consists of eleven curtains of goats’ hair ‘for a tent over the dwelling,’ and therefore of somewhat larger dimensions than the curtains of the latter, namely 30 Cubits by 4, covering, when joined together, a surface of 44 Cubits by 30. ), each 10 Cubits in height by 1 1 / 2 in width, for the traditional wooden beams of these dimensions, each, according to the usual theory, 1 Cubit thick, equivalent to a weight of from 15 to 20 hundredweights!...
The open frames after being overlaid with gold according to our present but scarcely original text (1 Kings 7:29 ) are to be ‘reared up,’ side by side, along the south, west, and north sides of a rectangular enclosure measuring 30 Cubits by 10 ( 1 Kings 3:1 ), the east side or front being left open. Twenty frames go to form each long side of the enclosure (1 1 /2x20 = 30 Cubits); the western end requires only six frames (1 1 /2x6 = 9 cubs. ); the remaining Cubit of the total width is made up by the thickness of the frames and bars of the two long sides. ’ In virtue of their greater size, they overlap the curtains of the latter, their breadth of 30 Cubits exactly sufficing for the height and width of the dwelling (10 + 10 + 10 Cubits). At the eastern end the outermost curtain was probably folded in two so as to hang down for the space of two Cubits over the entrance (26:9). These are (1) the artistic linen curtains of the dwelling , the really essential part; (2) their supporting framework , the two together enclosing, except at the still open eastern front, a space 30 Cubits long and 10 Cubits wide from curtain to curtain, and 10 Cubits in height; and (3) the protecting tent (so called) of goats’ hair, with the two subsidiary coverings. The veil is to be suspended from four gilded pillars, 20 Cubits from the entrance and 10 from the western end of the structure. From the measurements given above, it will be seen that the most holy place the true presence-chamber of the Most High, to which the holy place forms the antechamber has the form of a perfect cube, 10 Cubits (about 15 ft. ) by means of a hanging, embroidered in colours a less artistic fabric than the tapestry of the ‘cunning workman’ measuring 10 Cubits by 10, and suspended from five pillars with bases of bronze. ...
( a ) The table of shewbread , or presence-table ( Numbers 4:7 ), is a low table or wooden stand overlaid with pure gold, 1 1 /2 Cubits in height. Its top measures 2 Cubits by 1. The altar is described as square in section, one Cubit each way, and two Cubits in height, with projecting horns. The ark of the Priests’ Code is an oblong chest of acacia wood, 2 1 /2 Cubits in length and 1 1 /2 in breadth and height (5×3×3 half-cubits), overlaid within and without with pure gold
Temple - It was 70 Cubits long and 20 wide, and had in front a porch more than 200 feet high. The building stood upon Mount Moriah, in an area which was 500 Cubits square. The court of Israel, 10 Cubits by 135, was 15 steps higher up, and upon them the 15 Songs of Degrees—1618881505_89; Psalms 121:1-8; Psalms 122:1-9; Psalms 123:1-4; Psalms 124:1-8; Psalms 125:1-5; Psalms 126:1-6; Psalms 127:1-5; Psalms 128:1-6; Psalms 129:1-8; Psalms 130:1-8; Psalms 131:1-3; Psalms 132:1-18; Psalms 133:1-3; Psalms 134:1-3, inclusive—were sung. The court of the priests, or sanctuary, 135 by 176 Cubits, was 2½ Cubits higher than the court of Israel, the wall being 1 Cubit high, with 3 steps above it On the wall there was a platform from which the priests blessed the people. The entrance of the temple was 20 Cubits wide and 40 high. The holy house was entered from the porch by a gate 20 Cubits high and 10 broad, with double doors, opening out and in; before it hung a veil of equal width with the doors. Before the entrance to the holy of holies hung two veils or two curtains, 1 Cubit apart, and, inasmuch as the opening of the outer curtain was upon the north, while the inner was on the south, no glimpse of the holy of holies could be obtained by any one but the high priest
Jachin And Boaz - 1 Kings 7:41-42 , 2 Chronicles 3:15-17 ; 2 Chronicles 4:12-13 and Jeremiah 52:21-23 = 2 Kings 25:17 ), recent scholars have restored the text of the primary passage somewhat as follows: ...
And he cast the two pillars of bronze for the porch of the temple; 18 Cubits was the height of the one pillar, and a line of 12 Cubits could compass it about, and its thickness was 4 finger bread the (for it was) hollow Tabernacle - , reckoning a Cubit at 18 inches) and in breadth and height about 15. ...
The holy of holies, a cube of 10 Cubits, contained the "ark of the testimony", i
Memphis - The sacred Cubit used in measuring the Nile was in the temple of Serapis
Giant - in length Tabernacle - ...
The materials for the mishkan were a great cloth of woven work figured with cherubim, measuring 40 Cubits by 28, and a quadrangular enclosure of wood, open at one end, 10 Cubits high, 10 wide, and 30 long. The VEIL was 10 Cubits from the back, according to Philo and Josephus. ) THE TENT was the great cloth of goats' hair, 44 Cubits by 30, and five pillars overlaid with gold, and furnished with golden hooks (waw ), used as to the veil and the tent curtains; taches, "qeres ," belong to the tabernacle cloth and the tent cloth of the sanctuary, Exodus 26:6; Exodus 26:33), from which hung the curtain that closed the entrance. The tent cloth was laid over the tabernacle cloth so as to allow a Cubit of tent cloth extending on each side in excess of the tabernacle cloth; it extended two Cubits at the back and front (Exodus 26:13; Exodus 36:9; Exodus 36:13). The roof angle was probably a right angle; then every measurement is a multiple of five Cubits, except the width of the tabernacle cloth, 21 Cubits, and the length of the tent cloth, 44 Cubits. Each side of the slope would be about 14 Cubits, half the width of the tabernacle cloth. ...
The tent cloth would hang down one Cubit on each side. ; the tent cloth overhanging at the back and front by two Cubits, i. The wooden structure within the tent would have a space all around it of five Cubits in width; here probably were eaten the sacrificial portions of meat not to be taken outside, here too were spaces for the priests, like the small apartments round three sides of the temple. The five pillars must have stood five Cubits apart. The holiest place, a square of ten Cubits in the tabernacle (according to inference), was 20 Cubits in the temple; the holy place in each case was a corresponding double square. The porch, five Cubits deep in the tabernacle, was ten Cubits in the temple; the side spaces, taking account of the thickness of the temple walls, were five Cubits and ten Cubits wide respectively; the tabernacle ridge pole was 15 Cubits high, that of the temple roof (the holy place) was 30 Cubits (1 Kings 6:2)
Travel (2) - The difference seems to lie in the varying length of the Cubit, which in the older Hebrew measurement was longer than in the later. The result is the same—2000 Cubits, which would bring it into conformity with Rabbinical law, ‘Let no man go walking from his place beyond 2000 ells on the seventh day’ (Jerus. A Sabbath day’s journey was by common consent 2000 Cubits or ells, though some Rabbis allowed a kind of sliding scale, and spoke of the greater journey (2800), the medium (2000), and the smaller (1800)
Care - ‘Which of you by being anxious can add a Cubit to his stature’ [2]? Worry does not help forward the great designs of life
Death - In a Sermon on the Mount saying (Matthew 6:27 ; Luke 12:25 ), Jesus counseled His hearers with a rhetorical question, “and which of you by being anxious can add a single Cubit to his life's span?” (NAS)
Altar - Its dimensions are given as 20 Cubits by 20 Cubits by 10 Cubits high (about 30 feet square and 15 feet high) [1]. The tabernacle altar was smaller, only 5 Cubits square and 3 Cubits high. Although the dimensions are not fully given in the text, it seems that this altar was approximately 18 Cubits square and 12 Cubits high (Ezekiel 43:13-17 ). He wrote that the altar was fifty Cubits square and fifteen Cubits high with a ramp leading to the top. The incense altar is described in Exodus as constructed of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, with dimensions one Cubit square and two Cubits high (Exodus 30:1-6 )
Synagogue - Conder found by measurement (taking the Cubit at 16 in. ) that a synagogue was 30 Cubits by 40, and its pillars 10 ft
Temple (2) - —This inner court was raised fifteen Cubit[16] above the outer one just referred to; it was surrounded by a terrace (hêl), ten Cubits in breadth, which was approached from the outer court by ascending fourteen steps; these steps ran round the whole terrace, and at the bottom of them there was a low wall or breastwork (sôrçg) which was the limit to which non-Israelites might approach; along it were placed, at intervals, inscriptions warning Gentiles not to pass beyond, on pain of death; they were written in Latin and Greek; one of the latter has been discovered by Clermont-Ganneau. ]'>[8] Gate’; it was fifty Cubits high and forty broad; fifteen steps, semicircular in form, led up to it from the Women’s Court. 1), running north and south; it was a hundred Cubits in height (the highest part of the whole temple) and breadth, but only eleven in depth. It was separated from the Holy Place by means of two veils, with the space of a Cubit between them; in Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38, Luke 23:45 (cf
no'ah - It was to be 300 Cubits in length, 50 in breadth and 30 in height. Taking 21 inches for the Cubit, the ark would be 525 feet in length, 87 feet 6 inches in breadth and 52 feet 6 inches in height
no'ah - It was to be 300 Cubits in length, 50 in breadth and 30 in height. Taking 21 inches for the Cubit, the ark would be 525 feet in length, 87 feet 6 inches in breadth and 52 feet 6 inches in height
Noah - The length 300 Cubits (i. , the Cubit = 21 inches, 525 ft. ), the width was 50 Cubits (i. 6 inches), the height was 30 Cubits (i. "A window system" (Gesenius) or course of windows ran for a Cubit long under the top of the ark, lighting the whole upper story like church clerestory windows. above the sea, for 15 Cubits water above it would submerge the whole earth. Cubits shall be the measure of its length, and . Cubits the amount of its breadth and height. 15 Cubits upward," as doubtless they ascertained by a plumbline
Arms And Armor - Ehud probably used a long dagger in assassinating King Eglon of Moab, since it measured about 18 inches (one Cubit, Judges 3:16-26 )
Music - It was greatly used in war, and its sound resembled thunder, חצוצרת , chatsoteroth, the silver trumpet, was straight, a Cubit in length, hollow through out, and at the larger extremity shaped so as to resemble the mouth of a small bell
Egypt - ...
The warriors too were possessors (Diodorus, 1:73, 74; and Egyptian monuments), but probably not until after Joseph's time, since they are not mentioned in Genesis, and at all events their tenure was distinct from the priests', for each warrior received (Herodotus, 2:168) 12 aruroe (each axura a square of 100 Egyptian Cubits); i. the ten-millionth part of the length of the earth's semi-axis of rotation; 25 pyramid inches were the Cubit of Noah, Moses, and Solomon "the Cubit of the Lord their God
Temple - In all its dimensions, length, breadth and height, the sanctuary itself was exactly double the size of the tabernacle, the ground plan measuring 80 Cubits by 40, while that of the tabernacle was 40 by 20, and the height of the temple being 30 Cubits, while that of the tabernacle was 15. The front of the porch was supported, after the manner of some Egyptian temples, by the two great brazen pillars, Jachin and Boaz, 18 Cubits high, with capitals of 5 Cubits more, adorned with lily-work and pomegranates. The outer court was no doubt double the size of that of the tabernacle; and we may therefore safely assume that if was 10 Cubits in height, 100 Cubits north and south, and 200 east and west. The first and most authentic are those given in the book of Ezra, (Ezra 6:3 ) when quoting the decree of Cyrus, wherein it is said, "Let the house be builded, the place where they offered sacrifices and let the foundations thereof be strongly laid; the height thereof three-score Cubits. and the breadth thereof three-score Cubits, with three rows of great stones, and a row of new timber. ) The temple or holy "house" itself was in dimensions and arrangement very similar to that of Solomon, or rather that of Zerubbabel --more like the latter; but this was surrounded by an inner enclosure of great strength and magnificence, measuring as nearly as can be made out 180 Cubits by 240, and adorned by porches and ten gateways of great magnificence; and beyond this again was an outer enclosure measuring externally 400 Cubits each way, which was adorned with porticos of greater splendor than any we know of as attached to any temple of the ancient world. The temple was certainly situated in the southwest angle of the area now known as the Haram area at Jerusalem, and its dimensions were what Josephus states them to be --400 Cubits, or one stadium, each way. The cloisters in the west, north and east sides were composed of double rows of Corinthian columns, 25 Cubits or 37 feet 6 inches in height, with flat roof, and resting against the outer wall of the temple. Both the altar and the temple were enclosed by a low parapet, one Cubit in height, placed so as to keep the people separate from the priests while the latter were performing their functions. the whole plan was augmented by the pteromata , or surrounding parts being increased from 10 to 20 Cubits, so that the third temple, like the second, measured 60 Cubits across and 100 Cubits east and west. The width of the facade was also augmented by wings or shoulders projecting 20 Cubits each way, making the whole breadth 100 Cubits, or equal to the length
Temple - ...
The Temple itself was seventy Cubits long; the Porch being ten Cubits, 1 Kings 6:3 , the Holy place forty Cubits, 1 Kings 6:17 , and the Most Holy place, twenty Cubits, 2 Chronicles 3:8 . The width of the Porch, Holy, and Most Holy places was thirty Cubits, 1 Kings 6:2 ; but the height of the porch was much greater, being no less than one hundred and twenty Cubits, 2 Chronicles 3:4 , or four times the height of the rest of the building. These were called side chambers, and consisted of three stories, each five Cubits high, 1 Kings 6:10 , and joined to the wall of the temple without. Thus the three stories of side chambers, when taken together, were fifteen Cubits high, and consequently reached exactly to half the height of the side walls and end of the temple; so that there was abundance of space above these for the windows which gave light to the temple, Psalm 84:1-12 . This outmost court was separated from the court of the women by a wall three Cubits high of lattice work, and having inscriptions on its pillars forbidding Gentiles and unclean persons to pass beyond it, on pain of death, Acts 21:28 Ephesians 2:13,14 . ...
The "court of Israel" was separated from the court of the women by a wall thirty-two and a half Cubits high on the outside, but on the inside only twenty-five. " The whole length of the court from east to west was one hundred and eighty-seven Cubits, and the breadth from north to south, one hundred and thirty-five Cubits. ...
Within this court, and surrounded by it, was the "court of the Priests;" one hundred and sixty-five Cubits long and one hundred and nineteen Cubits wide, and raised two and a half Cubits above the surrounding court, from which it was separated by pillars and a railing. ...
From the court of the Priests, the ascent to the temple was by a flight of twelve steps, each half a Cubit in height, which led into the sacred porch. For whereas the second temple was seventy Cubits long, sixty broad, and sixty high, this was one hundred Cubits long, seventy broad, and one hundred high. The porch was raised to the height of one hundred Cubits, and was extended fifteen Cubits beyond each side of the rest of the building. It was built of white marble, exquisitely wrought, and with stones of large dimensions, some of them twenty-five Cubits long, eight Cubits high, and twelve Cubits thick
Temple - It was surrounded, except at the front or east end, by three stories of chambers, each five Cubits square, which reached to half the height of the temple; and the front was ornamented with a magnificent portico, which rose to the height of one hundred and twenty Cubits: so that the form of the whole edifice was not unlike that of some ancient churches, which have a lofty tower in the front, and a low aisle running along each side of the building. In the lowest places it was three hundred Cubits, or four hundred and fifty feet, and in some places even greater. For while these were of equal magnitude, the gate composed of Corinthian brass was much larger; its height being fifty Cubits, and its doors forty Cubits, and its ornaments both of gold and silver being far more costly and massive. It was surrounded by a range of porticoes, or cloisters, above which were galleries, or apartments, supported by pillars of white marble, each consisting of a single piece, and twenty-five Cubits in height. One of these was called Solomon's porch, or piazza, because it stood on a vast terrace, which he had originally raised from a valley beneath, four hundred Cubits high, in order to enlarge the area on the top of the mountain, and make it equal to the plan of his intended building; and as this terrace was the only work of Solomon that remained in the second temple, the piazza which stood upon it retained the name of that prince. Within the court of the Israelites was that of the priests, which was separated from it by a low wall, one Cubit in height. The holy of holies was twenty Cubits square: into it no person was admitted but the high priest, who entered it once a year on the great day of atonement, Exodus 30:10 ; Leviticus 16:2 ; Leviticus 16:15 ; Leviticus 16:34 ; Hebrews 9:2-7 . There were, continues the Jewish historian, in that building, several stones which were forty-five Cubits in length, five in height, and six in breadth
Temple - The temple retained the general proportions of the tabernacle doubled; the length 60 Cubits (90 ft. ), the breadth 20 Cubits (30 ft. The height 30 Cubits, twice the whole height of the tabernacle (15 Cubits) measuring from its roof, but the oracle 20 Cubits (double the height of the tabernacle walls, 10 Cubits), making perfect cube like that of the tabernacle, which was half, i. ten each way; the difference between the height of the oracle and that of the temple, namely, ten Cubits, was occupied by the upper rooms mentioned in 2 Chronicles 3:9, overlaid with pure gold. In front was a porch as broad as the temple, 20 Cubits, and ten deep; whereas the tabernacle porch was only five Cubits deep and ten Cubits wide. Thus, the ground plan of the temple was 70 Cubits, i. , or, adding the porch, 80 Cubits, by 40 Cubits, whereas that of the tabernacle was 40 Cubits by 20 Cubits, i. In Acts 1:9-122 the 120 Cubits for the height of the porch is out of all proportion to the height of the temple; either 20 Cubits (with Syriac, Arabic and Septuagint) or 30 Cubits ought to be read; the omission of mention of the height in 1 Kings 6:3 favors the idea that the porch was of the same height as the temple, i. 30 Cubits . Two brazen pillars (Boaz "strength is in Him", and Jachin "He will establish"), 18 Cubits high, with a chapiter of five Cubits - 23 Cubits in all - stood, not supporting the temple roof, but as monuments before the porch (1 Kings 7:15-22). The 35 Cubits instead of 18 Cubits, in 2 Chronicles 3:15, arose from a copyist's error (confounding yah = 18 with lah = 35 Cubits). ...
The circumference of the pillars was 12 Cubits or 18 ft. The lowest was only five broad, the second six, and the third seven; in height they were each five Cubits. They were on the temple side walls in the ten Cubits' space whereby the temple walls, being 30 Cubits high, out-topped the side stories, 20 Cubits high. The tabernacle walls were ten Cubits high, and the whole height 15 Cubits, i. the roof rising five Cubits above the internal walls, just half the temple proportions: 20 Cubits, 30 Cubits, 10 Cubits respectively. , probably four in the sanctuary and ten in the hall, at six Cubits from the walls, leaving a center aisle of eight Cubits (Fergusson in Smith's Bible Dictionary. Two cherubim were placed over the ark, much larger than those in the tabernacle; they were ten Cubits high, with wings five Cubits long, the tips of which outstretched met over the ark, and in the other direction reached to the N. The brazen altar of burnt offering was four times as large as that of the tabernacle; 20 Cubits on each side and in height, instead of five Cubits (2 Chronicles 4:1). Between this and the temple door was the molten sea of ten Cubits from brim to brim, 45 ft. )...
The height, 60 Cubits (Ezra 6:3), was double that of Solomon's temple. Josephus confirms this height of 60 Cubits, though he is misled by the copyist's error, 120, in 2 Chronicles 3:4. Zerubbabel's temple was 60 Cubits broad (Ezra 6:3) as was Herod's temple subsequently, 20 Cubits in excess of the breadth of Solomon's temple; i. Thus the dimensions were 100 Cubits long, 60 broad, and 60 high, not larger than a good sized parish church. )...
The dimensions are those of Solomon's temple; an inner shrine 20 Cubits square (Ezekiel 41:4); the nave 20 Cubits by 40 Cubits; the chambers round ten wide, including the thickness of the walls; the whole, with the porch, 40 Cubits by 80 Cubits; but the outer court 500 reeds on each of its sides (Ezekiel 42:16), i. The temple of Herod had an outer court which with porticoes, measuring 400 Cubits every way, was a counterpart on a smaller scale to the outer court of Ezekiel's temple and had nothing corresponding in Solomon's temple or Zerubbabel's. The nave was like Solomon's and still more Zerubbabel's; but surrounded by an inner enclosure, 180 Cubits by 240 Cubits, with porches and ten magnificent gateways; there was a high wall round the vast square with a colonnade of two rows of marble pillars, forming a flat roofed cloister, and on the S. ...
Beyond this was an outer enclosure, 400 Cubits or one stadium each way, with porticoes exceeding in splendour all the temples of the ancient world, supporting a carved cedar roof; the pavement was mosaic. A marble screen three Cubits high in front of the cloisters bore an inscription forbidding Gentiles to enter (compare Acts 21:28). " Within this gateway was the altar of burnt offering, 50 Cubits square and 15 high, with an ascent to it by an inclined plane. A parapet one Cubit high surrounding the temple and altar separated the people from the officiating priests (Josephus, B. ...
The temple, 20 Cubits by 60 Cubits, occupied the western part of this whole enclosure. The holiest place was a square cube, 20 Cubits each way; the holy place two such cubes; the temple 60 Cubits across and 100 E